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Published Fortnightly by the Students of 



T. S. BURR, 'ill 

A. T. BROWN, 'OJ, . . 

L. A. BURLEIGH, '9i\— Athletic Editor. 
H. S. CHAPMAN, '^\-Local Editor. 
H. W. JARVIS, 'n— Personal Editor. 
C. S. F. LINCOLN, 'm- General Editor. 

Managing Editor. 
Business Editor. 

E. H. NEWBEGIN, "d\— Exchanges and Collef/e World. 

B. D. RIDLON. '91— Rhyme and Reason. 

F. V. GUMMER, '92—As.sistant Local Editor. 

C. W. PEABODY, '93~Assistant Rhyme and Reason. 



Index to Volume XX. 



Editorial Notes ■ T. S. Burr, Editor. 

1, 15, 31, 45, 73, 123, 135, 145, 159, 175, 191, 207, 223, 235, 249, 263, 277 

ExcH.\NGES E. H. Newbegin, Editor. 

8, 22, 35, 119, 129, 142, 151, 165, 182, 199, 216, 228, 241, 256, 269, 284 

CoLLEGu Tabula.. H. S. Chapinan, Editor. 

9, 23, 37, 67, 120, 129, 217, 229 

L. A. Burleigh, Editor 141, 152, 165, 183, 200 

M. S. Clifford, Editor 242, 256, 269, 285 

Y. M. C. A. Column J. P. Cilley, Jr., Editor. 

154, 170, 187, 203, 219, 231, 244, 260, 273, 287 

Athletics L. A. Burleigh, Editor 11, 25, 39, 68, 131, 142 

H. S. Chapman, Editor, .160, 168, 186, 203 

Personals H. W. Jarvis, Editor. 

18, 28, 42, 71, 121, 133, 143, 157. 171, 187, 204, 221, 232, 245, 261, 273, 288 

In Memokiam 134, 158, 172, 247, 262 

College World E. H. Newbegin, Editor. 

29, 43, 72, 122, 135, 144, 158, 173, 188, 206, 222, 234, 247, 262, 275, 291 



Alpha Delta Phi Convention VV. R. Smith 34 

Annual Meeting of the Eastern Foot-ball League. .J. P. Cillev 240 

An Old-Time Incident M.S. Clifford 226 

Awakening Spirit, The H. \V. Kimball 138 

Awards for Pi'ize Essays 85 

Attendance at Athletic Meetings A. R. Jenks 195 

Baccalaureate Sermon President William DeWitt Ilyde 79 

Bowdoin and the Press J. F. Hodgdon 147 

Bowdoin-Cornell Race, The Dr. Whittier 78 

Bowdoin Debating Club, The H. W. Kimball 138 

Bowdoin \'s. B. A. A T. S. Burr 47 

Bugle Notes J. M. W. Moodv 48 

Bugle Notice C. S. Rich ". 197 

Chapel Etiquette H. C. Jackson 227 

Chapel Panels, The H. S. Chapinan 161 

Chased by a Panther A. A. Hussey 193 

Class Foot-ball H. C. Fabyan 147 

Coleridge J. F. Little, '89 266 

Commencement E.xercises Compiled by Burleigh and Burr 79 

Communication, A H. C. Jackson 198 

Communication, A T. P. Cilley 237 

Constitution Advisory Committee 267 

Criticism of the New Method, A II. W. Kimball 19 

Daniel B. Fayervvealher ilicn Ulohe 196 



Delta Kappa Epsilon Convention, Tbe O. C. Scales 188 

Dredging Trip in Penobscot Bay C. S. F. Lincoln 187 

Finances of the Boating Association T. !>. Croswell 214 

Forum or the Fireside, The — '68 Prize Oration . . . .G. B. Chandler 4 

Freshmen Celebrate T. S. Burr 76 

Hats at Chapel E. A. Pugsley 127 

Influence of Science on Education, The — '68 Prize 

Oration A. S. Dyer 280 

Intercollegiate Field-Day '. L. A. Burleigh 20 

In the Horse cars W. H. Colby, Bangor 170 

Is the Pen Mightier than the Sword ? ". 282 

Ivy Exercises .Compiled by Burleigh and Burr 49 

John C. Dodge Cyrus Hamlin 209 

Jags M. S. Clifford 254 

Making Up Back Work J. F. Hodgdou 126 

Milo's Book F. V. Gummer 179 

Modern Languages in the Library C. W. Peabody 211 

More About the Training Table H. C. Jackson 18 

My Friend and I H. W. Kimball 162 

Night of My Life, The H. W. Kimball 33 

'Ninety's Graduation Supper J. M. W. Moody 47 

Opening the Library Sunday 163 

Our next Field-Day F. W. Pickard 214 

Plea for Logic, A II. C. Emery 251 

Professor Charles H. Smith Professor Little 77 

Psi Upsilon Convention C. S. F. Lincoln 18- 

Psi Upsilon Reception C. S. F. Lincoln 240 

Ranking System, The F. W. Pickard 265 

Reading-Room, The John C. Hull 198 

Reading-Room, The H. R. Fabyan '^IS 

7 T. S. Burr 21 

Some Musical Suggestions loO 

Some More Chapel" Etiquette 266 

Story of St. Mark's, A F. V. Gummer 252 

Study of English, The George T. Files 149 

The Debating Club has the Floor , . 148 

Theta Delta Chi Convention J. R. Home, Jr 197 

Vital Question, A H. C. Fabyan 225 

Word to Correspondents, A H. C. Fabyan 266 

Zeta Psi Convention F. M. Tukey 213 

PO ETR r. 

Achievement C. W. Peabody 182 

Alas, Too True T. S. Burr 268 

Androscoggin. The C. W. Peabody 8 

Associated Press. The L. A. Burleigh 199 

At Eventide T. S. Bui-r 199 

Bowdoin Song, A C. S. F. Lincoln 95.3 

Breath of Night, The H. VV. Kimball 215 

Category, A B. D. Ridlon 140 

Cutting T. S. Burr 128 

Disappointment IVL S. Clifford 228 

Economic Situation, An C. S. F. Lincoln 984 

Elm's Lament, The H. W. Kimball .181 

Evening's Omen H. W. Kimball 139 

Evolution (_;. E. Riley 041 

Fragment. A F. W. Pickard 228 

Fragment from the Odyssey P. E. Stanley •>■> 

Call B. D. Ridlon .." 30 

Girl for Me, The M. S. Clifford 256 

Gossamer, A B. D. Ridlon 03 

He Heads the List T. S. Burr 269 

In Boston H. Andrews '.'.2l(i 

Innocents Abroad T. S. Burr 241 

I't^ J) 'EX.— {Continued.) 


In Ultima Thiile C. W. Peabody 151 

Just Our Style T. S. Buir 128 

Kiss Me Two. .-. H. S. Chapman 182 

Legend, A M.S. Cliflfovd 238 

Libelous L. A. Burleigh 128 

Logic B. D. Ridlon 182 

Love Lyric, A H. W. Kimball 140 

Luminous C. S. F. Lincoln 7 

Lux Cogitationis C. W. Peabodv .'. ■ . . . 22 

Maiden's Proposal, A H. W. Kimbafl 228 

ilodern Pedagogics G. S. Chapin 289 

More Luminous B. ,D. Ridlon 7 

Morning on the Saeo H. W. Kimball lol 

Nectai'eous H. S. Chapman 36 

Not Needed 215 

Oracular ■ T. S. Burr 67 

Oh ! T. S. Burr 128 

Our College Days 164 

Painful Dutv, A H. Andrews 256 

Piratic..." B. D. Ridlon 37 

Poetic B. D. Ridlon 67 

Pointer, A H. W. Kimball 36 

Reign of the Dead Emperor, The C. VV. Peabody 255 

Reverie, A H. W. Kimball 181 

Senior's Refrain T. S. Burr 241 

Simile, A C. W. Peabody 164 

Sine Dubio T. S. Burr 164 

Song of the Magazine Poet C. VV. Peabody 228 

Still the Same Harry Andrews 215 

Summer Idyl, A B. D; Ridlon 284 

Tamborine Girl H. VV. Kimball 8 

To a Cigarette M. S. Clifford 256 

To a Telescope C. S. F. Lincoln 67 

To a Trunk C. VV. Peabody 268 

To Lydia C. W. Peabodv 36 

Trust Thou Not B. D. Ridlon. ." 199 

Twenty-First of March, The 283 

Two Winds C. W. Peabody 139 

Units of Measure L. A. Burleigh 128 

Vive Lo Roi C. W. Peabody 164 

What's in the Soup C. S. F. Lincoln 37 

VV'oraan's Wiles H. S. Chapman 164 


Vol. XX. 


No. 1. 

B O W 13 O I N O 7^.1 E N T. 



T. S. Burr, Managing Editor. 
A. T. Brown, Editor. 
L. A. BuRLEiQH, '91. B. H. Neweegin, 'fll. 

H. S. Chapman, '91. B. D. Kidlon, '91. 

H. "W. Jarvis, '91. F. V. Gummer, '92. 

C. S. F. Lincoln, '01. C. W. Peabody, '93. 

Per annum, in advance. 
Single Copies, 

. $2.00. 
15 cents. 

Extra copies can be ol>tained at the boolvs tores or on applic.T. 
tion to tlie Business Editor. 

Ilemittaiices .sliould be made to tlie Business Editor. Com- 
munications in regard to all otlier matters sliould be direotcd to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, .and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary .articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Enleved at the Post-Office at Brunswick as Seoonrt-Class Mail Matter. 

Vol. XX., No. 1.- April 23, 1890. 

Editorial Notes 1 


The Forum or the Fireside ? 4 

Rhtme and Reason: 

Luminous, 7 

More Luminous 7 

The Tambourine Girl, S 

The Androscoggin 8 

Exchanges, 8 

CoLLEGii Tabula, .9 

Athletics, 11 

Personal, 13 

le Orient is a college paper. As 
such its object is to serve np college news in 
a manner suited to the tastes of the college 
man. As the college paper it is of interest 
to students and alumni alike. It shall 
be our endeavor to maintain an accurate 
record of current college events of interest 
to the undergraduate, and through the col- 
umns of the Pei'sonal editor, to keep the 
alumni posted upon matters of more direct 
bearing upon themselves. The paper will be 
run upon a college basis without regard to 
society clique or factional interests. Frater- 
nity feeling has been the bane of college 
athletics in the jDast, and if allowed to enter 
into college journalism is capable of working 
the same evil' results in that direction. The 
Orient serves in a certain measure as a 
bond between the undergraduate and the 
Faculty. It is the voice of the student-body, 
and as such the opinions expressed through 
its columns should receive the consideration 
at least, of those whose province it is to see 
that the welfare of the student-body is 
secured. College questions will be dealt 
with plainly and fairly, and college evils will 
be handled without gloves. In stating the . 
policy we intend to pursue perhaps a few 
words in criticism of our immediate prede- 
cessors may not be inappropriate. Under 


the efficient management of the retiring 
board, the Orient has taken rapid strides in 
the journalistic field. • The publication of 
essays on threadbare subjects has been abol- 
ished, and in their place have been substi- 
tuted articles of a lighter nature, more within 
the resources of the college man. The 
opinions expressed have been free from cant, 
and hyprocrisy, candid and to the point. In 
one or two instances, however, a spirit of 
too great aggressiveness has perhaps been 
manifest, where a more conservative course 
would have been wiser. The province of 
the Okient does not extend beyond the dis- 
cussion of college questions, and it shall be 
our endeavor to keep it strictlj' within its 
province. Our policy in brief will be to 
maintain the high standard set up for us by 
the retiring board, and by so doing to keep 
the Okient where our predecessors have 
placed it, among the foremost in the field of 
college journalism. 

C^EVERAL changes in the arrangement of 
f^ the different departments will be noticed 
in this issue. The Book Reviews have been 
discontinued, the subjects hitherto discussed 
in that column being more briefly considered 
among the Local items. Extended book 
notices will not be published as formerly, 
but a short list of the more important books 
added to the library from issue to issue, will 
be inserted in the Collegii Tabula. In place 
of the "Book Reviews" a column to be 
devoted exclusively to sporting matters has 
been substituted. The addition of this new 
department will exclude all sporting items 
from the Collegii Tabula, and tend to dis- 
tribute the work more evenly among the 
members of the board. 

TITHE recent action of the Faculty provid- 
■*• ing that orations to be delivered at the 
'68 Prize Declamation shall be handed in 
three weeks before; tlie occui'ronce of the 

event, cannot be too highly commended. The 
'68 is the only prize the college offers 
for combined excellence in writing and dec- 
lamation, and too much pains cannot be 
taken to make it the most successful and the 
most scholarly event of its kind in the col- 
lege course. The competitors are chosen for 
excellence in writing, as determined by the 
themes passed in, in the earlier part of the 
course, and the orations are supposed to rep- 
resent the best literary ability in the Senior 
class. The man who delivers an oration at 
the '68 speaking, has at stake not only his 
own reputation, but the reputation of his 
class, and through the class, of the college. 
It has too often been the case in past years, 
that appointees have neglected the proper 
preparation of their parts until the last mo- 
ment, and coming upon the platform thus 
handicapped, have invariably made a poor 
showing. No man, however brilliant he may 
be, can in one week, write and commit an ora- 
tion for public delivery, which shall be in 
any degree a fair representative of his best lit- 
erary ability. Under the new regulation no 
one will be i^ermitted to speak unless his 
article has been handed in to the Facultj^ at 
least three weeks before the appointed date 
of the declamation. In this way ample time 
will be allowed for committing and revising 
the parts, and the standard of the '68 should 
be proportionately raised. 

We publish in full in another column 
the '68 prize oration. Such orations are of 
paramount interest to both students and 
alumni, and their publication should be made 
a permanent custom. 

NO first issue of the Orient would be 
complete without an editorial prayer 
for contributions, to the students outside 
the board. We shall make no departure 
from the beaten path. As is customary, we 
wish to say that the editors cannot be ex- 
pected to do it all. The other students 


must take hold and help swell the contents 
of the copy drawer. Some deviation from 
the usual method of handing in contributions 
may, however, prove advantageous. Hith- 
erto all articles have been submitted direct 
to the managing editor, whose cold-blooded 
duty it has been to look them over critically, 
and perhaps in many cases, to return them 
" with thanks." This mode of procedure 
has proved distasteful to editor and contrib- 
utor alike. A man dislikes to have an 
article refused, partl}^ because he is thor- 
oughly convinced in his own mind that the 
editor is prejudiced, and partly because he 
is morally ceitaiu that the fact will leak out, 
that he has attempted to write and failed. 
Tlie editor hates to refuse an article, because 
he is morally certain that the contributor 
will have precisely the thoughts above de- 
scribed. Thus there is dissatisfaction on 
both sides. To obviate tliese difficulties a 
scheme has been suggested which is at least 
worth a trial. Each contributor is to assume 
a noni deplume under wliich his articles are 
to be sent, in a sealed envelope, to the man- 
aging editor. In this way the author of the 
article will not be known, and no hard feel- 
ing can possibly result in case the article is 
refused. A man who is too modest to step 
up to the editor and present his article, need 
feel no trepidation in dropping his manu- 
scri[)t into the letter box and awaiting de- 
velopments. The making out of the index 
and proper crediting of the articles requires 
a slight amplification of the scheme. When 
a man decides upon his nom de plume, whicli 
need be neither unique nor original, he will 
seal it up, together with his real name, in 
an envelope on the back of which he has 
written his nom de plume, and hand the en- 
velope to instructor Tolman, who will take 
charge of it until the end of the Orient 
year. At the end of the year the envelojies 
will be opened, and the articles properly 
credited. This scheme for contributing, if 

properly carried out, will prove of advantage 
both to the contributor and editor. The 
contributor remaining unknown will clearly 
understand that he has not been the victim 
of prejudice, while the editor will be spared 
the accusation of publishing an article from 
interested motives, or the disagreeable task 
of ai'guing with a contributor who is conii- 
dent that his refused article contains more 
merit than two-thirds of those that are pub- 
lished. Perhaps the greatest advantage of 
contributing under a worn de plume will 
appear in the annual elections to the Orient 
Board. Until the election of the present 
board, it has always been the custom to elect 
two men from the upper delegations of each 
fraternity. That system has been done away 
with, and competition for positions on the 
board must necessarily increase. If the 
names of the candidates are known there 
will be much room for society feeling to 
creep in and spoil a fair election. Under 
the new system the new members of the board 
will be chosen by their noms de plume, thus 
securing an election purely on merit. This 
system of contributing will be put in force 
at once, and no articles will be accepted 
except through the mail, as explained above. 
Contributions should be sent to the manag- 
ing editor, Box 87. 

\y7H0 is the champion tennis player of 
^^ the college? That is the question that 
is agitating the wielder of the racquet just at 
present. The college has not seen a tennis 
tournament since '88, and the question of 
supremacy may well be a disputed one. 
Many of the best players figure among the 
upper classes, but '93 has brought with her 
several men who propose to make the old 
players "play the game" to retain their lau- 
rels. Never has there been a more suitable 
time to settle the matter. With one new 
court, and prospects of another in the near 
future, and a brighter galaxy of players than 


the college has seen for some time, a most 
interesting contest may be looked for. I^ 
the tennis association is not organized, an 
organization should be effected at once, and 
the proper ones should take the matter in 

C^OME of the press representatives who 
p-^ took in the base-ball game at Portland, 
Thursday, seem to possess abnormal imagina- 
tions. With one exception our men opened 
up the game in a gentlemanly manner, and 
played a gentlemanly game until the close. 
How a man of average intelligence could 
construe the childish attempt at funniness 
on the part of one of the players, into an 
exhibition of confidence or bravado, is beyond 
our comprehension. It was the first game of 
the season for the college team, and consider- 
ing this, and the heavy odds pitted against 
them, the boys made a very creditable show- 
ing. The idea of Bowdoin making any such 
talk in regard to giving the Bostons jjoints, 
as the Boston papers claim, is too ludicrous 
to require comment. The boys went into 
the game with the idea that one run to Bow- 
doin's credit would be as much of an honor 
as a victory over an ordinary amateur nine. 
The one run materialized, and another to 
keep it company. Kilroy also crossed the 
plate, but that reflects no particular credit 
upon Bowdoin. As to the Boston men who 
figured on the college team, with the excep- 
tion of the "only" who always plays ball, it 
is the general opinion that Bowdoin would 
have been better off without them, notwith- 
standing the statements of the Boston papers 
to tlie contrary. Kilroy put no life into his 
playing, and the heaviest hitting of the Bos- 
tons was done while he occupied the box. 
As to "chinning" on the part of a base run- 
ner, or any other player outside the coaoher's 
lines, the management should come down on 
that witli a broad heavy foot. 

JT^HE directors of the Athletic Association 
■*■ have voted to open our Field-Day sports 
to siich of the other Maine colleges as may 
desire to enter. It is probable that Colby 
and Bates will enter men for several of the 
events, and if Bowdoin is to maintain her 
prestige in the athletic field, the boys must 
take a brace. In previous years class repu- 
tation has been at stake. This year the 
honor of the college must be upheld and 
maintained. The records of Colby and Bates 
are in the majority of cases as high as our 
own, and we may be sure that if our invita- 
tion to compete is accepted, Bowdoin will 
entertain visitors worthy of her steel. The 
athletes should go into training at once. In 
past years when the Field-Day contests have 
been open to Bowdoin men only there has 
been a tendency to neglect proper training. 
This year the conditions will be different. 
If men from other colleges enter the con- 
tests we may be morally certain that it 
will be only after putting themselves in the 
pink of condition, and it will require the 
pink of condition to cope with them. Let 
every man who can run, jump, or swing a 
hammer, go into active training at once, and 
put himself in the best possible form to do 
the best possible .work when the time comes. 

The Forum or the Fireside? 

By G. B. Chandler, "JO. 

TJt no past time has it been the good fortune of the 
/I college man to enter upon a tiekl so fruitful of 
problems worthy of his best and most conscientious 
thought. They open up before him like a vast and 
unexplored continent, replete with inspiration and 
possibilities. But, filled as he is with all the dreams 
and fancies of youth, there is, perhaps, no one of 
them that comes home to him with a more vital 
force than the woman question. Whatever may be his 


prejudices or uoiiviutiuiis, he cannot but be impressed 
with the irresistible fact that the woman of his gen- 
eration is not to be the woiuan he has known in his- 
tory — now as the liuman chattels of the Oriental des- 
pot, bartered and sold in accordance with his brutal 
fancies or selfish ends; now as the tuniced and 
girdled Roman matron, ordering her suburban villa 
or toiling beneath the soft Italian skies, in calm, 
though majestic submission to her lord's caprice ; 
now as the insipid and irresponsible object of 
the chivalrous devotion of the Middle Ages ; and now 
as the scarcely less insipid "society woman" of the 
Nineteenth Century, danced and petted, praised and 
spoiled, by the common consent of a patronizing 

But just at this juncture a new voice bursts upon 
the ear, and in tones clear, full, and unmistakable, 
the college woman proclaims to her college brother 
and the great world around him : " 1 am an individ- 
ual, a God-given personality. I possess as many in- 
tellectual endowments as you do. My nature is 
nobler, my life purer. To-day, the works of my sex 
are doing as much to evangelize and ennoble tlie hu- 
man race as yours are. I have been humored and 
petted, abused and beaten, through all time; I 
will be iieither a slave nor a doll any longer." 

Civilization applauds; every true man hails with 
delight a,nf move on the part of his sisters toward 
emancipation from that position of servility or sweet 
nothingness which an infant world has accorded to 
her. But, as is always the case in times of great 
upheaval in human thought, we hear an occasional 
extravagant demand. To separate the wheat from 
the chaff and find between these two extremes of 
error the golden mean of truth, we hold to be the 
sacred duty of every educated young person of either 

To do this, we have first to recognize three im- 
portant truths, which are so fundamental in their 
nature and so pertinent in their application to our 
problem as to be absolutely indispensable to any valid 
course of reasoning. 

I. The first is. What is the true aim of life? or, 
in other words. What will our absolutely true woman 
posit as the end of her existence ? It will be neither 
the gratification of her personal ambitions nor the 
empty tones of public ajjplause. It will simply be 
to make her life the embodiment of the principles 
laid down and acted out by the only perfect person- 
ality the world has ever seen. Translated into terms 
more in the line of our theme, the attitude of our 
ideal woman might be something like this : Regard- 
less of self, I will seek that life-work which reason 

and experience point out as most conducive to the 
highest good of the human race. 

II. The second is. The family is the unit 
of society. We shall assume this without stop- 
ping for its proof; only calling attention to the 
fact that the school of Rousseau, Kant, and Hobbes, 
which would abolish the home and make the indi- 
vidual the unit of society, errs fundamentally, in that 
it assumes that unit to be a fully developed person- 
ality, without making due provision for his childhood 
and early training. History, humanity, reason, in- 
stinct, all unite in proclaiming this fundamental fact 
of ethics. The family is the fountain of all that is 
good and true, and woman is its center, its soul. 
She can make it the happiest spot on earth, or she 
can make it a veritable hell. Never has there been, 
nor never can there be any woman too highly edu- 
cated, too grand in her ideals, to be intrusted with 
the early care of a human soul. An eternity may 
depend upon it. 

III. Our third premise is one upon which but lit- 
tle stress has been laid by the writers and speakers 
upon either side of this great question ; partly be- 
cause I'rom its very commonness they have looked 
over boj'ond it, and partly, perhaps, because from a 
sense of mawkish delicacy they have shrunk from 
its plain statement. Yet a large part of the error 
clinging about the whole problem may be directly 
traced to a failure to recognize this plain, every-day 
truth. It is this : Under the present rates of mortal- 
ity, it is mathematically demonstrable, that in order 
for the human race to continue in healthy existence, 
there must be born to each family at least four chil- 
dren. Such being the case, we are brought face to 
face with the hard, unyielding fact, that, in the ideal 
home where the children are brought up under the 
mother's care, and there remain until they are fifteen 
years of age, there must be demanded twenty of the 
best years of a woman's life to be devoted to the 
home and its immediate social relations. Yet, right 
in the face of this well-established scientific fact, at 
a time when all our large families are being raised by 
the poor and the ignorant, who have neither the 
means nor the inclination to give them the culture 
which is the heritage of the age, many of our re- 
fined, educated. Christian women, who of all per- 
sons are the ones to be intrusted with the care of the 
coming generation, go off chasing some empty phan- 
tom of worldly fame. 

Having thus laid down these three general truths, 
we are now ready to apply ourselves to the two prac- 
tical questions. Shall women enter the professions ? 


and Shall women vote? and in framing our replies 
we shall lay no stress on the alleged creative and ex- 
ecutive superiority of man, nor shall ve wish to 
exclude woman from any pursuit which does not 
come in direct conflict with the interests of the home, 
be it literature or social reform. 

The iirst may be disposed of in a word ; in fact, 
its answer lias been already implied. It may be 
assumed that no woman can attend to a family and a 
profession at the same time. This being the case, if 
the necessary duties of the home require twenty of the 
best years of a woman's life, and if, at the same time, 
that home is the social unit upon which all morality 
is founded ; it must follow that our ideal woman, who 
is true to herself, her race, and her God, can never 
enter upon any life-work which will regularly come 
in conflict with the duties of her own household. 

The second question. Shall women vote? having 
numbered among its supporters no less personages 
than John Stuart Mill and Henry Ward Beecher, is 
by no means so easily disposed of. The question 
naturally arises. Cannot a woman attend to the ballot- 
box and the household at the same time ? Our flrst 
and most natural answer would be, yes; and, if the 
right of suffrage involved nothing more than going 
to the polls two or three times a year, to deposit a 
meaningless ballot, the answer would be the true 
one. But such is not the case. No one has been 
found so absurd as to think of giving woman Ihe 
right to vote without giving her the right to hold 
ollice, for without that her suffrage would amount to 
nothing more than a stupendous farce. But the right 
to hold otHee involves fitness for office, and fitness 
for office involves a long course of public experience. 
So it will be perfectly apparent that our woman's 
suffrage question, when carried out to its ultimate 
ends, encounters precisely the same difficulty that 
its professional predecessor did. 

Yet it may be said that the number really elected 
to office will be so few as to detract from the 
interests of the home practically nothing. To which 
we would reply: Either woman's suffrage will 
amount to something or it will not. If it will not, 
we do not want it. If it does amount to anything, 
the immber who are really called from their homes 
to serve the State, will be insignificant compared 
with those who leave their homes with the hope of 
serving the State. In order to have efficient female 
legislators we must have a large professional field to 
select from. Women are not less ambitious than 
men. Once let the doors of public oifice be thrown 
open to them, and for every hundred who are elected 
to positions of honor and responsibility and there at- 
tempt to carry out these refornjs of which they dream, 

you will see ten thousand others, deserting the tem- 
ples of peace and love, for the din and strife of the 
newspaper office, and the bar. 

In thus excluding women from the professions 
and politics, we may seem to have made no provision 
for that somewhat imjjosing class who never enter 
the marriage state. True ; but we doubt whether 
the admission of their sex to public life would alle- 
viate their condition very materially. Any woman 
who is talented enough to succeed in' a profession is 
talented enough to secure a good husband and 
rule supremely over a happy home. And we are 
rather of the opinion that that woman who has had 
recourse to the whole scale of social devices from 
maidenhood to middle age and has not yet been able 
to win a protector, will hardly possess enough per- 
sonal magnetism to attract to herself a very large 
political constituency. 

Yet we are bound to recognize the fact that there 
does exist a class of really able women who have 
been unfortunate in their marriage relations and are 
therefore left to cope with the world alone. What 
shall we say of them? To this question George Eliot 
has, all unconsciously perhaps, furnished an admira- 
ble reply in her great novel of Florentine life. In 
"Romola" she has given us the type of a v\?oman of 
high culture and lofty purposes who has t«;en bitterly 
disappointed in her domestic relations. Her hus- 
band has proved false. The father she had loved 
has died, and his dying wish been thwarted by the 
perfidy of that son-in-law. Her god-father, the only 
person left on earth for whom she has any affection, 
except the great Savonarola, is under sentence of 
death, and Savonarola himself has refused to grant 
his pardon. It seems as though all the love and 
beauty and goodness has been burned out of that 
woman's life. In a fit of blind despair, she flees the 
city. And you will remember that on one calm, beau- 
tiful evening she is seated beside the blue waters of 
the Mediterranean with a little skift' lying before her. 
She remembers how, in the fancies of her girlhood, 
she had once dreamed of being wafted away on 
placid waters into eternity ; and in the hopelessness 
of the moment, she wraps the folds of her mantle 
about her and floats out into the soft moonlight of the 
Southern seas to gentle slumber. But death was re- 
fused her. The little boat drifted to a neighboring 
shore ; and when at morn she awoke, and God's 
world of sunlight and beauty spread out before her 
in all its sovereign splendor, she looks up and sees 
smiling down upon her from the neighboring valley a 
little country hamlet. But the smile was one of 
sadness. The black death had laid its fatal hand 


upon it, men had deserted their fellows in sickly 
terror and the dead and dying lay about, unburied 
and uncared for. A new hope fills the breast of 
Romola — she will forget the past in her ministrations 
to her fellows. And, with that calm presence and 
liealing symi^athy which belong only to a true and 
cultured woman, she brings order out of chaos, 
binds up the broken hearts, and where erewhile had 
been naught but misery, wretchedness and neglect 
were now happiness, joj', and brotherly love. And then 
she went back to Florence, a new woman, to live a 
happy and fruitful life devoted to the good of others, 
And, as the author says, "In times afterward, many 
legends were told in that valley, of the Blessed Lady 
who came to them from over the sea, but they were 
legends by which all who heard might know that in 
times gone by, a woman had done beautiful and lov- 
ing deeds there." 

The black death rages no longer, Savonarola and 
the Mecici and the glory of mediasval Florence live 
only in history ; but there are to-day, in our cultured 
nineteenth century, thousands of countrj' hamlets, 
thousands of dingy allies, thousands of social evils, 
looking and longing for some such ministration as 
four luuidred years ago Romola gave to the children 
of despair on the banks of sunny Italy. Is there not 
a field for our unmarried women, outside the deli- 
cious sweets of the coui't-house and the capital? 

Thus far we are conscious of being open to the 
vital fault of having offered no solution. It may be 
asked. How will woman obtain tliat respect of equality 
which is her due as an individual, something better 
than this patronizing deference that is now shown 
her? We answer: By becoming educated and cult- 
ured herself and thereby raising up generations of 
educated and cultured children. All other methods, 
be they female clergy or woman's suffrage, ai'c like 
attempting to straighten tlie massive trunk of the 
full-grown oak. For hundreds of generations the 
world has been groping about, if haply it may find 
.some scheme that will wholly recast a race of fully 
developed characters, in other words, perform a prac- 
tical impossibility; wliile its women, who alone can 
mould the plastic wills of childhood and youth, have 
been allowed to go on in a state of pitiful ignorance. 
And now, just as the light is beginning to dawn, 
just as Wellesley and Smith and Vassar and Bryn 
Mawr, and our hundreds of co-educational institutions 
are springing up in the fertile soil of American 
philantlu'ophy, there is developing within their very 
halls a certain clique of aspiring or mistaken women, 
who would deseit the devinely ordered institution of 
the home and all the grand possibilities for good 

which are opening up before them, for the blinding, 
scorching ambitions of man's busy world. Do these 
women ask a solution? Do they ask emancipation? 
Let them earn it. Let them carry their splendid tal- 
ents, not into the already overcrowded professions, 
but unto the starving homes of humanity. Let them 
rear a race of men who will respect their wires and 
i mothers and sisters as second only to the principals 
of truth and reverence. Let them exert their pow- 
erful influence upon our thousands of gossiping 
church circles and metropolitan clubs. Let this proc- 
ess go on for twenty generations, and the world will 
grow beyond the stretch of our wildest fancies. 

If there be any woman who can conceive of any- 
thing beneath the blue heavens, grander, nobler, 
truer than that, she may well be said to have trans- 
cended all the standards of greatness wrought out by 
the seers and sages of past, and even to have set up 
an ideal more lofty than that which actuated the Divine 
Founder of modern freedom and modern civilization. 

Rl^ymc and Reaeon. 


Last night I wandered on the camjjus dark, 
The halls were silenf and there was no light 
To cast its cheerful beam across the path, 
But all was still, and lovely was the sight. 

To-night from all the windows as I pass. 

The lights shine forth .and brighten up the waj'. 

Speaking of pleasure gladdening the heart 

With every twinkle of each friendly ray. 

So throughout life some moments will be drear, 

The heart be sad. We cannot see the wa}-. 

But through the darkness which surrounds the path 

Breaks friendships light turning the night to day. 

More Luminous. 

We've seen the lights on the campus greoii 

That scatter the shadows dark. 
From the humble lamp light's flickering sheen 

To the bright electric arc. 

But the dancing lights to which we lean. 

From which we ne'er would part 
Draw not their flame from the kerosene, 

Nor swift from the carbons dart. 

They steadilj' shine with luster divine 

From the eyes of a maiden fair. 
And gather their grace from her mischievous face. 

And the hue of her golden hair. 


The Tambourine Girl. 

maiden of beauty, the fairest of mortals, 
On the steeps of Alhambra she roams, 

And the hall of the Moor, all deserted and crnmb- 
Is the palace she has for her home. 

And when in the evening the sunlight is waning, 
And the mantel of night falls around. 

She stands 'mid the ruins and sings a soft ditty 
To the tambouviuc's silvery sound. 

She looks down the valley with yearning desire, 

'Mid the shadows her lover to see, 
To hear but his footstep ascending the hill-side, 

And again in his presence to be. 

She stands iu her beauty, her hair dark and flowing, 
Is bound by a fillet of velvet alone ; 

And her figure is imaged, in all its perfection, 
'Gainst a background of motionless stone. 

But see, o'er the ramparts her lover is climbing ; 

Now quickly he springs to her side, 
While she, in the pleasure and joy of her loving. 

In his arms is content to abide. 

They fade from the sight ; the shadows are gather- 

And the darkness of night covers all. 
Yet fitfully ever the tambourine's music 
Is echoed through chamber and hall. 

Tine Androscoggin. 

This is the Androscoggin ; down from tlie broad Um- 

Rushing with force irresistible, sweeping with calm- 
ness majestic, 

Swiftly he flows; and the forests, that echo the axe 
of the woodman. 

Tremble and quake in their branches, then roll on 
his icy current. 

Gladly llie river receives them, the pines and spruces 
and hemlocks. 

Bidding farewell to their haunts wlion the ice disap- 
pears in the spring-time. 

First like a master he drives them, (hen humbles 
himself like a servant; 

Weary he grows of his burden, and pauses to rest 
for a moment, 

Then witb a miglily Ifap and a, roar tliat startles the 

Onward he bounds again and carries nothing but 

Turbulent mountain torrents, rushing from rocky 

Break for a moment the calm that rests on his placid 

bosom ; 
Then with a gentler current he flows between grassy 

Whose wealth of ripening crops is hidden by hedges 

of alder, 
That cling with gnarled roots to the bank, and lean 

far over the water. 
Over the quiet scene, to break the silence of summer, 
Comes from the neighboring hill-side the drowsy 

tinkle of cow-bells. 
Fain would the Androscoggin linger awhile on his 

But labor calls him away to toil again for his mas- 
ters — 
Mighty masters, who rule the land and gather a 

tribute from rivers. 
A moment only he pauses ; in a moment his task is 

finished ; 
Then, wiUi an exultation, he tastes the brine from 

the ocean. 
Now are his labors over; now is his journey ended. 
See! with a smile complacent he stretches himself 

in the sunlight. 
Flows to a mighty bay whose arms are open to wel- 
Flows with the tide that meets him and bears him 

into the ocean. 


The Red and Blue, from the University of Penn- 
sylvania, follows the lead of the Cornell journals and 
bitterly criticises Yale's exolusiveness in refusing to 
row with any college but Harvard. After the very 
friendly letter which we received from the Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania in regard to Bowdoins entering 
the "three-cornered" race at New London, we feel 
much more inclined to sympathize with her than 
with Cornell. 

The Tuflonian contains a vigorous editorial pro- 
test against the prevalent newspaper exaggeration of 
college affairs, and afflrms that the recent articles in 
the daily papers concerning the little " rush" which 
took place there has done Tufts College an irreparable 
injury. Almost every college has suffered in this 



way more or less, and can appreciate the justice of 
tlie Tufloniaii's complaint. 

The Iowa Wesleyan for March presents a brace of 
tiresome essays on the agricultural labors of two of 
its professors, and an equally uninteresting treatise 
on " College Contests." It is strong in local matter, 
however, and especially so in its "College World" 

On picking up the Yale Courant we look instinc- 
tively for the usually weird and ghostly tale, and our 
flesh begins to creep and our hair to rise in anticipa- 
tion. In the issue of March 22d we are not disap- 
pointed. The tragic tale " Thus far and — " fills the 
bill completely, and is very cleverly written. 

The Pulse is a very well gotten up slieet, and is 
noticeably lacking in the pondrous discourses on 
moral and philosophical subjects which grace most 
of the Western college journals. The last issue con- 
tains some excellent verse. 

It is almost as good as a visit to a female seminary 
to open the Wellesley Prelude. The frontispiece is 
running over with delicious little giggles, which the 
author euphemistically calls " stifled trills." The 
issue for March 8th also contains a touching lyric 
with the scene laid in Erin. 

The Chronicle contains a critical though friendly 
review of the Caslaliayi, the new annual published 
by the non-fraternity element of Michigan University. 

Calendar, April 24-Mat 8. 
April 20— Bowdoln vs. Portlaud, at Bruns- 
29 — Concert and Exhibition at Music 
Hall, Lewiston, by Bowdoln 
Quartette and athletes. 
April 30.— Colby vs. Bowdoln, at Watervllle. 
May 1— May German, at Town Hall. 

1 and 2 — Psl Upsilon Convention, at Providence, R. I. 

3— Bowdoln vs. Bates, at Brunswick. 

3— Colby vs. M. S. C, at Watervllle. 

0— Richard Golden In " Old Jed Prouty," at Town 

7— Bowdoln vs. Colby, at Brunswick. 
"The Castaways" was presented at the Town 
Hall, April ]9tli. 

Tutor Tolmau offers a voluDtary course in elo- 
cution this terra to such of the Seniors as wish to 
avail themselves of the opportunity. 

It is reported that John Pennell, the boy who 
was arrested for stealing an overcoat from the Thcta 
Delta club hall, died in Portland jail a few weeks 

G. B. Chandler, '90, was the Bowdoin delegate 
to the convention of New England chapters of 
Theta Delta Chi, in Boston, A\m\ ]7tb, and was 
the poet of the occasion. 

Thompson, '90, visited Boston after Fast-Day. 
It is reported that flattering ofl'crs were made him 
for his services on the Brotherhood team, but he 
preferred to finish his course here. 

Thursday, April 17th, the Orpheus Club, a mu- 
sical organization of the town, gave a concert which 
many of the students attended. Miss Florence 
Josephine Leo, a sister of Prof. Lee, came from 
New Yoi'k as a solo singer, and created a very favor- 
ably impression. 

Rev. Peter McMillan of Woodstock, Conn., ad- 
dressed the students at Chapel last Sunday. 

Since Professor Little has been Librarian,— 
about five years, just 10,000 books have been added 
to the library, that number being reached last week. 
Never has the library been in so prosperous a condi- 
tion as at present. About 48,000 voluraes are on 
the shelves, and within the past two or three years 
these have all been re-arranged and catalogued ac- 
cording to a new and ranch raore satisfactory sys- 

Last Sunday sorae irreverent youth broke the 
Sabbath and called Mr. i5ooker from his peaceful 
Sunday afternoon nap by setting Are to the grass 
in one or two places ami nearly the whole campus 
was burnt over. Fortunately the flre was kept out 
of the hedges and no damage was done. 

Last week one of the Preshrasn rooraing on the 
fourth floor of South Applcton was nailed into his 
room by some mischievous Sophomores, and when 
he had occasion to leave the roora, behold, ho could 
not. Evidently fearful of the janitor's righteous 
indignation if he should cut his way out through 
the door, he perforated the ceiling of bis coal-closet 
with infinite labor and pains and inade bis exit via 
the attic. The next afternoon he was again nailed 
in, and in attempting once more to use bis sky-parlor 
fire-escape, he was ducked by a vigilant Sophomore 
as bis head appeared above the attic floor. Foiled 
in this direction bo returned to his room, knotted 
two sheets together and secured them to the bed- 



post. Ho then descended hand over hand to the 
window of the room below him, which he entered 
and thus made bis escape, again scoring the beers 
on his tormentors. 

Among the books added to the hbrary daring 
the past month are : Vol. XXVI., Records of the 
Rebellion; Diary of Marie Bashkirtseff ; Life on 
the Mississippi (Twain) ; Historic Towns, Win- 
chester (Kitchin) ; History of New England (Pal- 
frey) ; Constitutional and Political History of the 
United States (Von Hoist) ; Data of Ethics (Spen- 
cer) 7 volumes; works of Benedetto Varchi ; and 
an edition of the works of Sahnasius, 250 years old. 

The subjects for the second themes of the term 
are as follows : Juniors: I. "Should There be a 
New Apportionment of the Electoral Vote ? " II. 
" Does Liberality in Religious Belief E.Kclude a 
Definite Creed'? " HI. "Yonng's Night Thoughts." 
Sophomores: I. " Is Legislation for the Protection 
of Our Forests Needed?" II. " What Does a Man 
on a College Team Owe to His College?" III. 
"The Essays of Charles Lamb." Themes will be 
due on or before May 14th. 

The spring terra opened auspiciously, April 
loth, with about 150 students on h.ind. Tennis 
and base-ball began at the same time, and are both 
in a very flourishing condition. 

Professor Robinson, having finished his lectures 
on Chemistry to the Juniors, entertained them during 
the recitation hour, the last d;iy of the term, vvith 
some stereopticon views of scenery along the Cana- 
dian Pacific Railway. 

A number of students attended a Pink Domino 
party, given in the court room, March 27th. The 
occasion was greatly enjoyed by all present. 

The first themes of the t,erni are due April 30th. 
The subjects are : Juniors — " Is There a Call for a 
Third Political Party?" "Are We as a People in 
Danger of Being Over-educated ?" " Comparison of 
the Literary Styles of Nathaniel and Julian Haw- 
thorne." Sophomores — " Levees of the Mississippi." 
" Bowdoin's Prosiject in the Coming Race with Cor- 
nell." "Source of William Pitt's Oratorical Power." 

Hardy and Jarvis have moved to Room No. 19, 
North Maine, where their business in books, sup- 
plies, and sj]orting goods will he carried on as 

J. M. Hastings is to carry a line of Wright & 
Ditson and Partridge racquets, etc., this season, and 
would like to Iiave the boys come round to No. 9 A. 
H. and inspect them. 

Tlie 'C8 prize declamation occurred in Memorial 

Hall, Thursday evening, April 3d. The following 
was the programme : 


Electoral Reform. G. B. Littlefield, Biddelord. 

Crime in Its Kelations to Society. 

G. W. Blanchard, Lewiston. 
Difficulties of Social Reform. 

* W. H. Greeley, New Gloucester. 


The Pan American Congress and Its Tendencies. 

*W. I. Weeks, AVakefield, N. H. 
The Political Principles of Jefferson. 

J. M. W. Moody, Turner. 
The Forum or the Fireside? G. B. Cliandler, Fryeburg. 


* Excused. 

The Bowdoin Quartette, Messrs. Simpson, Mona- 
han. Ward, and Turner, furnished music. The 
Committee of Award gave the prize to Mr. G. B. 
Chandler, whose part appears in another column. 

The provisional list for Commencement appoint- 
ments is as follows: H. E. Alexander, G. W. Blan- 
chard, F. E. Dennett, G. F. Freeman, H. H. Hastings, 
W. R. Hunt, F. P. Morse, A. S. Ridley, W. R. Smith, 
and W. I. Weeks. 

North Maine was haunted by a ghost during the 
closing nights of last term, which made its head- 
quarters in the attic, appearing frequently to the 
fourth-floor roomers. The braver^' of one of the 
Sopbs, however, dissipated and discomfited the 

The Ruggles Street Quartette gave a fine concert 
in the town hall, April 3d. It was very unfortu- 
nate that it conflicted with the '68 Declamation. 

Rounds, '91, has been at work for sonic time on 
an electric dynamo, which he is constructing in the 
physical laboratory. It will weigh about 200 pounds 
when completed, and will give its m.aker considera- 
ble practical instruction in the science of electricity. 

Field and Ivy-Days are to come Tuesday and 
Wednesday, May 27th and 28th. The change was 
made on account of tlie fact tlnxt quite a number of 
tlie Juniors could not be present if the oi-iginal dates, 
June 5th and Cth, were retained. 

The fifth assembly took place in the town h:ill, 
Tuesday evening, April 22d. Those participating 
enjoyed themselves as usual. 

The following students remained in Brunswick 
during the whole or part of vacation : Chandler, 
Conant, Cummings, Moody, and McCullough, '90; 
Burleigh, Burr, Dudley, Field, Hardy, Hunt, Kelly, 
Scales, '91; Roy Bartlett, Colhren, Bean, Pugsley, 
'92 ; Chapin, Hussey, Machan, Stacy, Stanley, Spring, 
an<l Whitney, '93. 



As most of our undergraduate readers have proba- 
bly learned by this time, prayers are to be at 7.50 
A.M. this term. 

Gahan, '87, who has been director of the Business 
Men's Gymnasium at Chattanooga, Tenn., returned 
home to Brunswick this month. 

There was a general shake up of the eating clubs 
at the commencement of the new term. Henceforth 
the Alpha Delta Phi Club will be found at Mrs. Ben- 
nett's, on Cleaveland Street, while the Psi Us have 
gone back to their old boarding place, at Miss 

Rev. Dr. Edward B. Mason, of Cambridge, Mass., 
has accepted a call to the pastorate of the Congre- 
gational Church in Brunswick. This will be good 
news to the students, who enjoyed Dr. Mason very 
much when he preached here last February. 

The Y. M. C. A., besides giving the college and 
town a very enjoyable course of lectures last term, 
cleared $175 which will be employed, partly at least, 
in sending several delegates to Mr. Moody's summer 
school at Northfield, Mass. 

The elective French divisions are somewhat 
smaller than last term. There will, therefore, bo 
fewer to watch. 

The Quartette, and the Banjo and Guitar Club 
gave a concert at Waterville, April 22d. 

Noyes, '91, who was quite sick last term with 
rlieumatisni, reappeared on the campus at the 
opening of the term. 

Jackson, formerly of '89, has re-entered college, 
and is a member of the Junior Class. 

Dudley, '91, will be out almost all the term teach- 
ing. IIo will try to be back again during Ivy week, 

Tlie drainage system of the gymnasium building 
has been thoroughly overhauled lately, and the 
authorities think it can now be depended upon. 

Conant, '90, is now engaged as assistant teacher 
in the Brunswick High School, the same position 
which Greeley held last term. 

Jordan, '91, has returned to college. He has 
been principal of Litchfield Academy for the last 

Smith, '91, was vei-y sick during vacation, and 
was threatened with pneumonia. He is back again 
all right, however. 

Thwing, '89, was in town a day or two in vaca- 
tion. He is now a student in the Harvard [ 

Loring, '91, is now an agent for the Columbia 
Bicycles, for Brunswick and vicinity. 

The " average repairs " assessment for last term, 
56 cents, was the lowest for some time. 


The Bowdoln man of brain' and brawn 

And more or less of brass. 
Takes up a ball and gaily says : 
" Come out, old man, and pass." 

The Amherst boy, witli pedant air. 

That's more or less a farce, 
Accosts his study-wearied chum: 

" Let's have a gentle parse." 

The Harvard thing, whate'er it be, 

That's more or less an awss. 
Manipulates the sphere and says: 

" Aw, Chawlie! shall we pawss? " 

Following is the schedule of the Maine Intercol- 
legiate Base-Ball League, which was published in- 
correctly in the Boston papers : 

April 30— Bowdoin vs. Colby, Waterville. 

May 3 — Bates vs. Bowdoin, Brunswick. 

May .3— Colby vs. M. S. C Waterville. 

May 7 — Bowdoin vs. Colby, Brunswick. 

May 10 — Colby vs. Bates, Lewiston. 

May 10— M. S. C. vs. Bowdoin Orono. 

May 14— Colby vs. Bates, Waterville. 

May 17 — Bowdoin vs. Colby Lewiston. 

May 17— Bates vs. M. S. C, Bangor. 

May 21 — Bates vs. Colby, Brunswick. 

May 23— Bowdoin vs. M. S. C Brunswick. 

May 24— Bates vs. M. S. C, Lewiston. 

May 31— Colby vs. M. S. C, Orono. 

May 31— Bowdoin vs. Bates, Lewiston. 

June 4 — Bates vs. Bowdoin, Waterville. 

June 7 — Bowdoin vs. M. S. C, Bangor. 

June 11 — Colby vs. M. S. C Bangor. 

June 14— M. S. C. vs. Bates Orono. 

Sister Colby intimates that she is out looking for 
the pennant this year. There is much enthusiasm 
among the students, $250 having been raised by sub- 
scription at a meeting held on April 1 Uh. Presi- 
dent Small displays a hearty and commendable 
interest in the success of Colby's representatives 
upon the diamond. At the base-ball meeting he 
coached on the Kennebecian athletes to victory witli 
the stirring eloquence of an Anson or a Kelley. It 
is gratifying to see a man at the head of an insti- 
tution of learning who exhibits not only tolerance 
towards, but a live interest in the athletic sports of 



the students. We Bowdoin men are fortunate in 
this respect. The nine will be made up as follows : 
pitchers. Parsons and Wagg ; catchers, Gilmore and 
Foster; first base, Boiiney ; second base, Lombard; 
third base, Roberts; short stop, Wagg or Parsons; 
right field, Kalloch ; center field, undecided, prob- 
ably a Freshman ; left field, Foster or Gilmore. It 
is Captain Wagg this season. 

The Maine College League has adopted Spald- 
ing's rules this season. 

The Bowdoins appeared in their new suits, Fast- 
Day. These consist of a black cap with two white 
stripes, a white jersey with "Bowdoin" in black 
letters across the breast, white trousers with black 
belts, black stockings, kangaroo shoes, and black 
and white striped sweaters. 

" The best college battery we have run up against 
yet." So said "the only," in Portland, Thursday. 

The Brunswicks jDlayed the Sacos at Saco, Fast- 
Day. The following college boys played with Bruns- 
wick : E. Hilton, c. f. ; Hutchinson, s. s. ; Tukey, lb. ; 
J. M. Hastings, r. f. The game resulted in a victory 
for Saco, by a score of 12 to 5. Hutchinson did fine 
work at short. 

Manager Pendleton has had the diamond fixed 
up so that it is in better condition than ever before. 
A good coating of clay has vastly improved the po- 
sitions of second base and short stop. 

New bases grace the diamond points. An agent 
for Spalding happened to see them in Manager Pen- 
dleton's possession, and was asked what he thought 
of them. "Oh, pretty fair!" said he, "hut we can 
show you better bases than those." "Just examine 
them a little more closely," the manager suggested. 
The agent did so and found the trade-mark of A. G. 
Spalding & Co. upon them. He subsided. 

Here are the dates that have been arranged so far 
this season : Portlands at Brunswick, April 26th ; 
Tufts at JBrunswick, June Gth. After the M. S. C. 
game at Bangor, June 7th, the team will take a 
trip to the Provinces, playing two games with the 
Shamrocks and two with the N.-Uionals, both St. John 

Littlelield, '!)0, will score this season. 

A practice game was played on the delta, last 
Wednesday, with a picked nine, the score standing 
10 to 8, in favor of the 'Varsity. 

Reader, did you subsci'ibe any money for base- 
ball ? If so, pay it now. It is needed. There's no 
time like Iho present. Ixjl's make it a "golden 

Three of the boys came back to Brunswick 
minus their uniform.s, after the Fast-Day game in 
Portland. One of the faithful guardians, to whom 
the base-ball paraphorualia was intrusted, observed 
the neglected grips and carried them to bis own 
home. He wrote manager Pendleton immediately, 
and the suits arrived in Brunswick in short order. 

Some "Hi-hi" bats have been ordered of a 
sporting firm in Boston. He must be a fastidious 
player indeed who cannot find a bat to suit him in 
our present collection. 

A practice game played with the Brunswicks, 
Monday, April 21st, resulted in a score of 15 to 3 in 
Bowdoiii's favor. 

Mr. Scannell, of Lewiston, and Mr. Horsey, of 
Bangor, are to be the umpires in the Maine College 
League this season. 


The boat-house is a "busy place nowadays. New 
walks have been built to the floats. The eight-oared 
practice shell, furnished by Mr. Davis, arrived the 
14th, and that and the four-oared shells have been 
fixed up and put into the water. Our first new 
eight-oared shell is to be delivered here May 10th, 
and the other vrill be ready by June. 

Mr. Plaisted, the veteran oarsman, is here coach- 
ing the crew. He will stay until the first of May, 
when he leaves for Chattanooga, Tenn., where he 
will row Hanlan. 

At the time of writing the crew was rowing as 
follows: Bow, Sears; No. 2, C. H. Hastings; No. 3, 
Jackson; No. 4, Carleton ; No. 5, Parker; No. 6, 
H. H. Hastings; No. 7, Lynam; stroke, Cilley. 
These positions are only temporary, and will be 
changed when the new shells are received. The 
crew will be selected later on, in accordance with the 
ability demonstrated by the several candidates. 

Home, '91, will not row this year owing to a 
recent illness and his physician's orders. 

Jackson, Cilley, Parker, and Carleton were in 
Portland during the vacation rowing in the harbor. 
They used the 'Varsity four-oared shell. The shell 
was tipped over one day and Jackson had a narrow 
escape, being rescued by Carleton as he was about 
to sink for the third time. 

Mahoney has been elected captain of the '91 crew. 

The boating men are at a training table at Mrs. 
Lawson's, Cleaveland Street. 

C<niimodore Sears collected a few hundred dolhirs 
from the Boston alumni this Vacation. 



Kelley, '91, Rounds, '91, and Hutchinson, '93, are 
among the men suggested for the position of cox- 

There is some probability that the Bowdoin 
eight will row in a regatta whicli is to come off in 
Boston on or near Docorntion Day. The Boston 
Athletic Association, Union, Shawmut, Harvard, 
and some other crews, will probably contest. 

Something over a thousand dollars has been 
pledged thus far for boating. The two new shells, 
however, will call for most all of this. " Money 
makes the shell go " is the proverb wliose cogency 
onr alumni will doubtless not fail to recognize. 
The alumni have donated quite liberally thus far. 
Professor Moody is the treasurer of the Boating 
Association, and it is to be hoped that those who 
iiavo not already subscribed will do so at once. 
We want that race this year. 

Coacher Plaisted is a very entertaining man to 
talk with. He has an unlimited fund of anecdotes 
gathered from his experience as an oarsman, and 
his criticisms of boating crews and men are keen 
and humorous. 

The Dirigo eight-oared crew have been chal- 
lenged to row the 'Varsity eight on Ivy-Day. 


The tennis courts are now in good condition. A 
tennis tournament is among the near probabilities. 
Pendleton has oftered a $7 racquet as a prize to the 
champion in singles. 

They say that somebody wanted to make up their 
private reading in advance to Prol'essor Matzke, 
perhaps in order that somebody might have more 
time for tennis. They also say that somebody's 
hopes were completely riddle [d] on somebody's 
application to the aforesaid Professor. 

A foot-ball meeting will be called some time this 
week for the purpose of organizing the eleven. 

The Psi Upsilous are building anew tennis court 
behind the gymnasium. 


Director Cilley, of the Athletic Association, 
wrote some time ago to Bates and Colby, inviting 
thera to enter the Bowdoin Field- Day. There will 
be the regular prizes for the Bowdoin athletes, 
besides special intercollegiate prizes, all to be fur- 
nished by the home association. The intercolle- 
giate events are to be: 100-yards dash, 220-yards 
dash, half-mile and mile runs, throwing base-ball, 
all the four jumps, and tug-of-war contests. No 

answer has as yet been received, but it is under- 
stood that some of Colby's athletes are in active 
training for the events. Last year Bowdoin ac- 
cepted Colby's challenge to pull them at the latter's 
Field-Day, at ten days' notice. Six weeks have now 
elapsed since Bowdoin's invitation to Colby was 
issued, but no reply has as yet been received. 
Common courtesy would seem to dictate an imme- 
diate acceptance on Colby's part. 

The Bowdoin Quartette and the Banjo and Guitar 
Club are to give a concert at Lewiston, Ajjril 29th, 
and a number of the best athletes in college will ac- 
company them and give an exhibition of bar worlc 
and tumbling. An attempt was made to induce the 
Colby tug-of-war team to meet the Bowdoin team 
there, but tlie Colby bo}'s were " out of practice." 

'38. — Rev. Daniel Lane, 
D.I)., (lied at his residence in Free- 
port, Me., April 3, 1890. He fitted for 
college at Bridglon Academy. At his grad- 
uation he delivered a disquisition entitled 
" The Law of Honor." Lnmediately after he became 
principal of the department of English and modern 
languages at Yarmouth Academy, where he remained 
two years. He then began his theological studies at 
Andover, graduating in due course in 1843. He at 
once went to Iowa, then a territory, with ten other 
classmates, who formed the company of home mis- 
sionaries known as the Iowa band. His first settle- 
ment was at Keosauqua, the shire town of Van Buren 
County, where he remained ten years, having added 
to his ministerial duties during the last two years, the 
charge of an English and classical school. In Sep- 
tember, 1853, he was called to Davenport, Iowa, to 
take charge of the preparatory department of Iowa 
College. Two years later he was chosen Professor 
of Mental and Moral Science, and held this chair 
until 1858, resigning on the removal of the college 
to Grinnell. For three years he again had charge 
of a school at Keosauqua. He then resumed minis- 
terial work, holding a pastorate of four years at Eddy- 



ville, Wapello County, and of six years at Belle 
Plaine, Benton County. Impaired hearing and fall- 
ing health led him to resign his pastorate in 1872, 
though he continued his residence at Belle Plaine 
until 1879, serving as financial agent of Iowa Col- 
lege. After a residence of a few years at Oskalossa, 
Iowa, he removed to Freeport, iNIaine, where he re- 
sided, beloved and respected, until his decease. Mr. 
Lane was a trustee of Bowdoin College for more than 
twenty years. In 1886 the institution honored itself 
as well as him by conferring on him the degree of 
Doctor of Divinity. A vivid picture of Mr. Lane's 
life-work and the influence he exerted, may be found 
in Rev. Dr. Magoun's "Asa Turner and his Times," 
recently published. 

'44. — A notable meeting of three Bowdoin alumni 
of the class of '44, Judge Virgin of Portland, Hon. 
H. G. Herrick of Lawrence, Mass., and Hon. John 
\V. Goodwin of Lynchburg, Va., occurred in Wash- 
ington, a short time ago. The throe had not met for 
more than thirty years. 

'46. — The Sunday School of the Congregational 
church in Winchester, Mass., recently held appro- 
priate services in recognition of the labors of Stephen 
A. Holt, who had just retired from his position as 
teacher of the Bible class in the school after a service 
of over fifty years. Mr. Holt's experience as a sab- 
bath school teacher began in 1838, when a student in 
Phillips Academy, Andover. While in college he 
had charge of a Sunday school at Harpswell. Since 
the organization of the Winchester sabbath school in 
1840, he has been almost continuously connected with 
it, and the testimonial presented on this occasion 
bears emphatic witness to the ability and faithfulness 
of his labors. 

'50. — Efforts are being made hy Seth Williams 
Post, of Augusta, to secure the services of Gen. O. 
O. Howard as Memorial Day orator. 

'aO. — Prof. J. S. Sewall delivered the dedicatory 
sermon of the Congregational church at Skowhegan, 
April 8lh. 

'53. — Cliief Justice Fuller, in a letter to a Chicago 
paper thus describes his first speech in ijublic: "I 
think my first attempt at public speaking was in Sep- 
tember, 18.J2, at a Pierce and King mass meeting, 
held at Augusta, Maine, and of which an account 
was given in the Boston Post of that day. The mass 
meeting was called by the Bowdoin College Granite 
Club, and I made tlie opening. Morrill, Bradbury, 
Hamlin, Soule, Dix, and John Van Buren spoke, and 
(iovernor Hubbard presided." This is Mr. Ful- 
ler's own account. From other sources it is learned 
that the speech showed no liesitation ; that the young 
man was self-possessed and eloquent, and that he 

received congratulations from the older heads that 
listened to him. It is not necessary to add that he 
maintained his reputation as a fluent and earnest 
speaker during his long residence at Chicago. As 
advocate or after-dinner talker he was always re- 
ceived with marked attention. 

'52. — Gen. J. L. Chamberlain has been elected 
one of the directors of the Cardiff Land Company. 

'70. — J. H. Gooch is leader of the San Francisco 
Military Band. 

'72. — S. P. Meads is Professor of Natural Sciences 
and Physics in the Oakland (Cal.) High School. He 
is also lecturer in the Medical College in that place. 

'78. — Professor Geo. C. Purington has recently 
compiled a general catalogue of the Farmington 
Normal School. 

'80. — E. W. Bartlett is assistant managing editor 
of the Pittsburgh Dispatch. 

'80. — F. W. Hall is practicing law in San Fran- 
cisco in the firm of Hilbourn & Hall. 

'84. — Frank Knight is principal of the Alfred 
High School. 

'85.— Dr. F. N. Whittier has been teaching the 
art of biceps development, at Wilton, during the 

'87. — L. B. Varney was married a few days ago. 

'88. — H. L. Shaw has been offered a fine position 
in Tennessee. He will probably accept. 

'S9. — F. C. Russell is principal of the Warren 
High School. 

'89— Burton Smith, Deputy United States Marshal 
of Maine, has just been appointed Justice of the 
Peace and Quorum, by Governor Burleigh. 



!it low prices, send to 

IV. MA Ellis, Stationer, 

AiiTisric WoiiK A Si'i;crAi,iv. 


Vol. XX. 


No. 2. 





T. S. Burr, 


Managing Editor. 

A. T. Brown, 


Business Editor. 



Burleigh, '91. 



Neweegin, '91. 



Chapman, '91. 







. Jarvis, '91. 







F. Lincoln, '91. 



Peaeody, '93. 



Per annum, in advance. 



Qgle Copies, 



Extra copies be obtained at the Ijookstorc-s or on applica- 
tion to the Business Editor. 

Remittances should be made to the Riisiness Editor. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
liter.ary articles, personals, and Items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Entered at the Post-OBce at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 


Vol. XX., No. 2.-MAY 7, 1890. 

Editorial Notes 15 

Miscellaneous ; 

More about the Training Table, 18 

Psi Upsilon Convention, 18 

A Criticism on the New Metliod 19 

Intercollegiate Field-Day 20 

7 21 

Exchanges 22 

Rhyme and Reason: 

Fragment from the Odyssey, 22 

Lux Cogitationis, 22 

Evolution 23 

The Gossamer, 23 

CoLLEGii Tabula, 23 

Athletics . 25 

Personal 28 

College World, 29 

publish ill anotliei' colnmii a not 
too friendly criticism of the new method of 
contributing to the Orient. We do not wish 
to enter into an extended discussion of the 
matter, but in justification of ourselves and 
the course adopted a few words seem neces- 
sary. The system of contributing under a 
nom de plume is not the result of a desire on 
the part of the editors " to be novel," as our 
critic would seem to infer, but on the con- 
trary is a scheme which was suggested by 
the retiring board, and adopted only after 
mature deliberation on the part of the pres- 
ent editorial staff. Several of the alumni 
who were connected with the Orient during 
their college course have been consulted in 
regard to the new plan, and have given it 
their hearty endorsement. Tlie Orient is 
endeavoring just now to pull away from 
society obstructions with which it has been 
hampered in the past. With this in view 
the nom de plume has been put in operation. 
That there is a chance for a contributor to 
make his real name known to the editors we 
do not deny, but it is not probable that such 
will be the case. Contributors having the 
real welfare of the paper at heart will co- 
operate with us in the plan adopted. It is 
not uncoUegelike, unmanly, or unduly com- 
plicated. Every article is to be properly 
credited at the end of the year, as was 



explained in the scheme outlined in a pre- 
vious editorial. In past j'ears the authors 
of various articles have not been known 
until the completion of the volume in which 
their opinions have appeared. It is not 
necessary that the name should be known. 
That the opinion expressed is that of one 
of the student-body should be sufficient to 
secure its recognition. The fairness of elec- 
tions under the new method is questioned. 
It is stated that several members of the pres- 
ent board were elected for articles contributed 
to the Oeient prior to Vol. XIX. This is 
not the case. What object would there be 
in electing men to positions on the staff, on 
the strength of contributions handed in to 
others than the electing board? The men 
elected to take charge of the Orient next 
year will be those who contribute to the 
present volume. If a man w'ho contributed 
last year does not maintain sufficient interest 
in the paper to write for the present volume, 
is it fair that he should receive an election to 
the next board? It hardly seems so, and yet 
that is the scheme which the writer of the 
article in question would seem to favor. 
Taking everything into consideration, the 
new method presents itself as the best means 
available for weeding out society complica- 
tions. The nom de plume, is an innovation, 
and as such is largely experimental. If at 
the end of the year it has proved successful, 
the advantages derived will be well worth 
the trial; if unsuccessful, it will be but a 
simple matter to discard it and return to the 
old system, or some other better suited to the 
pur^jose at hand. 

0NE of the infallible signs of approaching 
spring is the annual ceremony of burn- 
ing over the college campus. Wliether those 
having charge of the grounds consider this 
course of treatment conducive to the growth 
of the grass, or whotlier the janitor performs 

the annual spring cremation from politic 
motives, we do not know. It is enough that 
the campus must be scorched and blackened 
once every year, and as a consequence an 
incalculable amount of injury caused to the 
growing grass and the shrubs and hedges 
that surround the college grounds. Under 
this course of ■ treatment the grass is becom- 
ing rapidly thinned out, and unless some pre- 
ventative step is taken it will not be many 
years before the green campus will be turned 
into a miniature, Sahara. Another almost 
irreparable evil necessarily connected with 
the spring burn, is the damage wrought in the 
shrubs and hedges. It is almost impossible 
to keep the fire from spreading among the 
dead leaves that have accumulated about the 
hedge, and as a result the young trees are 
completely girdled and killed. A highly 
ornamental line of dead hedge is the natural 
consequence. Last year considerable pains 
was taken to set out plants in the shrubbery 
lining the hedges, to be used as specimens 
by the botanical department. The fire this 
spring completely destroyed these specimens, 
and brought to naught a great amount of 
labor and trouble. Whether the burning of 
the campus is due to the mistaken idea that 
the new growth will be hastened and bene- 
fited, or to a spirit of deviltry on the part of 
the students, it makes no difference. The 
custom is a pernicious one and should be 

TT7HERE is no branch of college enterprise 
■*- more deserving the support of the stu- 
dent-body, than the college publication. It 
is the only college enterprise that is not de- 
pendent upon a subscription paper for a part 
of its support. It is the only college enter- 
prise that yields a direct return for the money 
invested in it. All the Orient asks is that 
each student shall subscribe for the paper 
during his college course, and pay up his 



subscription at the end of each Orient year. 
As a record of college events and current 
college news the paper is certainly well worth 
the price of the yearly subscription. It is 
too often the case here in college, that where 
two men room together, only one of them 
has his name upon the Orient subscription 
list. This is not the proper spirit. It costs 
more to issue a volume of the Orient than 
it does to steer the base-ball nine through a 
spring campaign, or send an eight-oared crew 
to meet Cornell. After the nine, or crew, 
lias disbanded, what does the subscriber have 
in return for the money invested. A pennant 
flying over the ball field or a silver cup in 
the library is of course a source of pride and 
satisfaction to the college as a whole, but no 
direct or lasting benefit accrues to the indi- 
vidual student. This is not so in the case of 
the college paper. The Orient is, to use 
an old expression, a mirror in which is truly 
reflected the student-life at Bowdoin. After 
a man has graduated and gone out into the 
world, what is there that occurs more fre- 
quently to his mind than the college and its 
old associations. He can never return to 
his Alma Mater and find the same familiar 
scenes that once greeted him. The college 
itself is constantly changing, and new faces 
replace the old; but seated in his own home 
he can take down his volume of the Orient 
as it was when he was in college, and glanc- 
ing over its pages, seem to live over again 
his wliole college life. Every man should 
subscribe for the Orient. The benefit 
derived is not merely for the moment, 
but is lasting and will increase with eacli 
year. A number of the students now in 
college are not included upon the subscrip- 
tion list. Beginning with this number, the 
Orient will be sent to every inember of the 
college during the remainder of the year, 
unless notice is received to discontinue the 

TITHE subject of a training table for the 
^ irine is again being agitated, an article 
concerning that question being published in 
another column. There are a few facts that 
can be recorded in regard to a table for the 
base-ball men. In the first place, although a 
training table may not be so absolutely in- 
dispensable to the base-ball team as to the 
boat crew, yet there is no doubt that a sys- 
tematic course of diet would add materially 
to the strength of the nine, and greatly en- 
hance our chances for the pennant. Secondly, 
the men who subscribe money for the sup- 
port of the Base-Ball Association have every 
right to expect that any step which will 
strengthen our chance for success will be 
taken by the management. If a training 
table is the wisest thing, as the writer of the 
article seems to think, then that is the proper 
course to pursue. But no amount of dieting 
will be of advantage unless observed in other 
places than at the training table. At present 
it looks as though the first duty of the man- 
agement ought to be the regulation of the 
habits of tlie men as regards smoking, late 
hours, etc. No man in training for a contest, 
especially a contest in which there is more 
at stake than his own personal glory and 
aggrandizement, should allow his system to 
become weakened either by steeping it in 
nicotine, or depriving it of necessary rest. 
Let the management take the cigarette and 
late hour question into consideration first, 
and then there will be time enough to discuss 
the matter of a training table. 

TIS often as the base-ball season comes 
/ -*• around the perplexing question of the 
crowd "outside of the gate" presents itself. 
A large per cent, of that crowd, provided there 
was no possible way of taking in the game 
gratis, would find their way inside the grounds 
and their dimes would go to swell the needy 



_ p 


base-ball purse. A neat board fence inclos- 
ing the field, would not be an unsightly 
thing, and would produce satisfactory re- 
sults. The management has shown its " push" 
by providing a large, roomy grand-stand, 
and it does not seem as though the question 
of an inclosed base-ball field ought to prove 
too monumental to be given full consider- 



More About the Training Table. 

Some Good Hints for the Nine. — Training a Neces- 
sity IN College Athletics. 

/IjiUITE a good deal was said the last of the 

^ winter term in regard to a training table 

for the boat crew and ball nine. The matter 

has been discussed in a previous number of 

the Orient, and seemed to meet the approval 

of all. 

The crew went to the table provided for 
them on the first day of the term, and has 
been there nearly three weeks, with good re- 
sults. Every man is feeling his best and 
ready to take his spin twice a day. The 
nine has not as yet come, nor can the reason 
for it be ascertained. Some say that the 
nine would not, as a whole^ go to a training 
table even if one should be provided. If 
this is so, let that one or two resign and give 
place to those who will. If in his own 
private opinion the manager does not con- 
sider it necessary, let him get the sentiment 
of his supporters. 

Is training not as essential to base-ball 
men as to boating men V The crew took a 
straight course of diet in 1887, but, by a com- 
bination of circumstances, lost the race with 
(Cornell, while the previous year the oarsmen 
remained at their respective clubs, and with 
few exceptions took the same diet as the 
others. That year in the i-egatta the race 
was won from the University of Pennsylva- 

nia. True ! but in 1887 the crew was in much 
better condition, and in practice lowered the 
famous record of the previous year several 
seconds. Now the supporters are giving 
their money with the hope of victory in 
these various athletic sports, and is it not 
necessary to eliminate every chance of de- 
feat, and take all possible means for success ? 
To do effective work in any branch of 
athletics requires a systematic course of 
training, and base-ball is no exception to 
the rule. We have gone into this for suc- 
cess. The season is short. Only a few days 
and the last game will be played, and the 
last race rowed. Let us enter now with the 
assurance that if we are defeated no reflec- 
tion shall be cast upon us, and let us govern 
ourselves accordingly. 

Psi Upsilon Convention. 

THE fifty-seventh annual convention of 
the Psi Upsilon Fraternity was held with 
the Sigma Chapter at Brown University, 
Providence, R. I., May 1st and 2d. 

Fifty delegates representing sixteen of 
the seventeen chapters, and manj- graduates 
and undergraduates were in attendance. 

The festivities began Wednesday evening, 
April 30th, with a reception to the delegates 
and resident members in Tillinghast's Par- 
lors, which was heartily enjoyed by all at- 

Thursday morning and afternoon was 
devoted to business meetings at which many 
matters of fraternity interest were discussed. 
Thursday evening at 8 p.m., the public 
literary exercises took place in the first Con- 
gregational Church. 

Professor Harkness, of the Sigma, the 
Honorary President of the Convention, pre- 
sided and made a very cordial address of 
welcome. Rev. Dr. Vose, of the Beta, of- 
fered prayer. Rev. Dr. Hall, of Brooklyn, 
(Beta, '42,) delivered a powerful oration. 



and Mr. Arnold Green (Sigma, '59,) a finely 
written poem. 

Immediately after the literary exercises 
a ball was held in Sayles Memorial Hall, 
which was one of the most elegant ever 
given in Providence, and was largely at- 

Friday morning and afternoon were also 
given up to business meetings. Applications 
for chapters were received from Dickinson 
College, Pennsylvania, and the University 
of Minnesota. 

Two ball games were arranged for the 
interest of the delegates on Thursday and 
Friday afternoons, taking place after the 
business meetings. 

Friday evening the banquet was held in 
Spink's Assembly Rooms. One hundred 
and fort3'-two sat down at the tables. Pro- 
fessor Harkness again presided and Colonel 
Ames, Beta, was Toast-master. Toasts were 
responded to by President Andrews of 
Brown, Delta Upsilon, who was the guest of 
the convention. Professor Goldwin Smith, 
Hon. Alexander H. Rice, Hon. William E. 
Robinson, Rev. Dr. Hall, and others. 

Between the toasts, fraternity songs were 
sung which were heartily rendered by all, 
and early Saturday morning the convention 
was brought to a close. 

Much credit is due to the alumni and ac- 
tive members of the Sigma for the admirable 
way in which the convention was conducted. 
And all present voted the fifty-seventh con- 
vention of Psi Ui^silon a grand success. 


A Criticism of tine New Method. 

Objections to Contribution by Nom de Plume.— 
Views of an Outsidek. 

jnHE new editors of the Okibnt with an 
■^ evident desire to be novel have broached 
a scheme which in its concealment seems un- 
college-like, and in its complicacy entirely 
unnecessary. Let us briefly and candidly 

examine it and notice both its merits and 

First : Is it practicable ? Perhaps if the 
college were the size of Harvard or Yale it 
might be practicable ; but as Bowdoin is a 
college of only about one hundred and sixty 
students, where all associate together and 
know each other, I do Jiot think it practicable 
here Whenever an article of any special 
interest is written the author is soon known. 
In the different societies, men talking among 
themselves soon learn who in that society is 
trying for a position on the board, and besides 
often the articles handed in to the Orient 
have been previously read by the writer at 
the society meeting. If we were to suppose 
" the board " to be composed of those who 
"having ears hear not and having eyes see 
not," then one might think the scheme prac- 
ticable ; but as it is not so, it can not be other- 
wise but that at the end of the year the 
editors will know to their own satisfaction, 
at least, if not with certainty, who is trying 
for a position on the board, and who are tiie 
originals of the different noms de plume. 

Second: Is it manly? Under the new 
method there is no guarantee of the good 
faith of the writer of any article on college 
questions. Any one may hand in an article 
signed by a fictitious name and nobody is in 
any way respon.sible for it. This surely is 
not a manly, open, or frank method. 

How much better is the way pursued in 
so many college papers. Each article is 
signed by the initials of the writer, then with- 
out undue display he receives the recognition 
of his work, he stands responsible for the 
opinions expressed and, to a certain degree, 
the whole college becomes the judge of the 
quality of the writing. 

Third : Is it fair ? One of the principal 
benefits that we are assured is to be derived 
from this scheme is the fairness that will 
result in elections to " the board." Is this 
so ? Nobody, I think, has questioned the fair- 



ness of the Okient elections and the present 
board by offering this method shows its 
willingness to be impartial ; but if this scheme 
is carried out will the same fairness be as- 

Among the reasons given for the elec- 
tion of one or two of the present board was? 
that they had been writing to the Orient 
for two years and therefore had the prefer- 
ence. But now those who have written 
during the past year are to receive no credit 
for their past work. Is this fair? Assuredly 
if the action of the last board was right — and 
I have no doubt it was, — it is not. 

The change made in the manner of receiv- 
ing contributions to the Okient is, however, 
excellent and the remarks made in regard to 
it, are to the point. But would not that have 
been sufficient without attempting to bolster 
it up by a system which in its mef.hod and 
concealment is directly opposed to the college 
spirit, which is that everything should be 
open and above-board ? 

Intercollegiate Fleld-Day. 

MUCH has been said and written, and 
some erroneous impressions have been 
entertained in regard to the Intercollegiate 
Field-Day which Bowdoin has been trying 
to arrange. In order to correct these im- 
pressions and show just what has been done 
in the matter, the Obient presents herewith 
a condensed history of the whole affair. 

Early last February the directors of the 
Bowdoin Athletic Association issued a cir- 
cular letter, inviting Colby, Bates, and Maine 
State College to take part in an Intercolle- 
giate Field-Day. Director Cilley received a 
letter from Bates, February 7th, that college 
agreeing to enter if Colby and Maine State 
College decided before February 22d that 
they would do the same. Otherwise, they 
would not enter. Mr. Cilley then wrote to 
Colby and Maine State College, informing 

them of Bates' reply. The President of the 
Colby Athletic Association wrote, under date 
of February 12th, that Colby would prob- 
ably enter if the meet could be held in the 
fall. Nothing further was heard from Colby. 

A letter from Maine State College, Feb- 
TLiary 18th, answered Bowdoin 's proposition 
with a negative. At this juncture the mat- 
ter was dropped until it was taken up again 
this term by Bowdoin, who has throughout 
done all the work, the other colleges seeming 
to greet the scheme with "enthusiasm" 
which varied as the square of the distance 
from any practical results. 

Maine State College having declined to 
enter, Mr. Cilley repeated Bowdoin's invita- 
tion to Colby and Bates, informing them, iu 
a letter written on April 17th, that our 
directors had voted to open to them certain 
events in our Field-Day contests, and if they 
wished any other events to be included, we 
would try and arrange the matter satisfac- 
torily. On April 26th, no answer having 
been received, Mr. Cilley wrote another 
letter, saying that their decisions must be 
known before May 1st, in order that the In- 
tercollegiate prizes, which were to be fur- 
nished by Bowdoin, might be prepared. 
Colby wrote immediately, saying that she . 
would reply at length in a few days. She 
wrote a long letter Apiil 29th, agreeing to 
enter Field-Day on the following conditions: 
that all the colleges in the State should be 
eligible; that all the events composing the 
ordinary Intercollegiate Field-Day should be 
open ; that there should be no limit in respect 
to the number of contestants. In regard to 
the second of these conditions, Colby justly 
thinks that when colleges are contesting for 
the championship, the list of events to be 
participated in should not be left to the dis- 
cretion of but one of those colleges, thus 
giving it an opportunity to select only those 
events for which it is best fitted. It is evi- 
dent that she misunderstands Bowdoin's posi- 



tion in the matter, and possibly suspects us 
of unfair maneuvering. The fact is that the 
contest is not to be necessarily a champion- 
ship one, and if such were the case, Mr. Cil- 
ley has informed them that any events they 
may choose to add to the list can probably 
be satisfactorily arranged. The Colby men 
are in active training, which would seem to 
indicate that at last thej' mean business. 
Bates has not been heard from as yet, but 
it is probable that her Faculty will quietly 
nip in the bud any intentions she may have 
of entering. In case she cannot enter, the 
Bowdoin directors will invite Colby to par- 
ticipate, at her own expense, in our Field- 
Day. No prizes will be offei'ed, the affair 
being merely a friendly contest. 


IT was night. Everything bore testimony 
to that fact. The murky blackness ; the 
empty streets ; the uncertain radiance of the 
second-rate Brunswick electric liglits, com- 
bined with the motionless figure of the slum- 
bering cop upon the corner, all proclaimed 
that it was night. This, with the addition of 
a drizzling rain that made it a " hack eve " for 
tlie devotees of Terpsicore, was the condition 
of things without. But within the broad 
auditorium of the town pavilion all was 
different. The light from the two arcs hang- 
ing from the ceiling, reflected from the 
smoothl3'-polished floor, revealed a scene of 
rare beauty and splendor, as it shed its silvery 
sheen upon the features of fair women and 
brave men. In one corner of the ample hall 
stood a group of men, each awaiting his turn 
to do homage to a charming maiden who 
formed the center of the group, and secure 
from her the favor of the German. An abbre- 
viated youth, clad in a borrowed dress suit 
and gold-bowed spectacles, held in his effem- 
inate hand the dainty order. He cast a 

cynical look about him. " Ah," he muttered 
to himself, " for six consecutive days have 
yon insolent braggarts made to me their 
boasts, that on this night they would dance 
thrice apiece with the maid who now favors 
me before all the rest." So saying, with 
monumental effrontery, he sized up the order, 
and perceiving seven dances still untaken, 
inscribed his name in broad flourish within 
tlie spaces opposite, and with an obsequious 
bow and a second cynical leer at the await- 
ing throng, departed. And the disappointed 
suitors waxed wroth, and, having paid their 
compliments to the fair maid, they, too, 
departed, and the light burned with a lurid 
glow. All that evening the music rolled 
forth in waves of harmony, and as the abbre- 
viated youth whirled merrily around the hall, 
liis arm encircling the waist of his fair part- 
ner, the disappointed swains lurked discon- 
solate in a secluded corner, meditating dire 
revenge. The clock pealed fortli the hour 
of midnight. The last reveler departed and 
the dance was done. 

It is in the early liours of the miu'ning. 
The gray light breaking in the east, the 
vanishing planets, and the moon stealthily 
sneaking away in the direction of Mount 
David and Bates College, proclaim to the 
now half-awakened cop that the day is on 
its way by the fast express. The abbre- 
viated youth lies stretched upon his downj^ 
couch. He tosses restlessly about. His 
frame is shaken by convulsions terrible to 
behold. It is the pricking of a disordered 
conscience. But hark ! A noise ! A rattling 
of the window sash ! Look ! Before the 
couch of the restless, abbreviated youtii 
stand seven silent forms. Seven forms clad 
in immaculate robes and bearing in their 
half-raised hands seven swoi-ds of silver. 
They advance to the head of the couch 
upon which the sleeper lies. A low chant 
breaks upon the misty morning air, a chant 



gradually increasing in volume, until its re- 
verberations echo and re-echo throughout 
the entire hall. The convulsions of the 
sleeper increase. " Comae arrectae horrore,^^ 
et perspiratione bursts from every pore. The 
mystical chant continues, while the clanking 
of the silver swords lends a metallic ring to 
the already weird incantation. Seven! 
SEVEN ! ! SEVEN ! ! ! seems to burst from 
innumerable throats. With a great gasp 
the abbreviated youth awakes, and, as the 
morning sun pierces the clouds and streams 
with all its splendor through the half-open 
window into the cheerful room, the con- 
science of the abbreviated man seems to 
re-echo the terrors of his dreams. Seven 
consecutive dances, seven unexcused chapel 
cuts, combined with the discordant clang 
of the seven o'clock bell. 

Brown University has made a new venture in tlie 
literary line under the name of the Brown Magazine. 
Its initial number lies before us — brown in color 
as well as name — containing some very reada- 
ble matter, and presenting a highly creditable 
appearance. It remains to be seen whether Brown 
can furnish enough material to support a distinctively 
literary journal, and at the same time keep up the 
standard of the Brunonian; however, we offer our 
liest wishes for the success of the attempt. 

It seemed probable that tlie Madisonensis would 
shed its name and blossom out in a new one at the 
s.ame time that its university underwent that inter- 
esting operation, but appearances seem to indicate 
that, for a while at least, there will be no change. 
The present name seems meaningless and hardly in 
keeping with the new order of things. 

The University Magazine for April is of unusual 
interest. It contains finely illustrated articles on 
Union and Hamilton Colleges, besides much addi- 
tional information in regard to other institutions. 

The Darlmoulh opens with a scathingly sarcastic 
editorial on the refusal of the college church at 
Hanover to permit the class-day exercises to be held 
in lliat edifice as usual, and upholds the action of the 
Seniors in giving up all exorcises except those neces- 

sary to secure their degrees. The article is right to 
the point and gives the parties against whom it is 
directed something to think about. 

Rl2yme and Reason. 

Fragment from the Odyssey. 

[Lines 337-360, in Modern Idiom.] 

Thus having shot oft' his mouth, he, rising, abandoned 
the suitors. 

To go to the wide lofty hall, where his father's spon- 
dulacs were hoarded. 

Gold and copper and brass, in piles, and abund.ance 
of clothing; 

Stacks of sweet-smelling oil, in kegs, ranged up to 
the ceiling; 

Vinous I'efreshment in jars, the sparkling Ithican 

Saved for the longed-for return of patient, unlucky 

But on it were closed double doors well builded of 
hard-finished lumber 

To keep out the great " Hoi Polloi " and thus get the 
bulge on the public. 

Here they had stationed a guard, of Ops the illustri- 
ous daughter, 

Euryclea was her name, a bar-maid of great under- 

Her having called to his side by a judicious droop of 
his eyelid, 

" Ah, there, old lady " lie said, " get a move on j'our 
33Sthetic person, 

And pack up a few dozen cases of sherry, and port, 
and Mumm's extra 

For my delect.ation en route, for I am to start in the 

On a trip of indefinite length, to follow the trail of 
the Gov'ner 

If anywhere thus I can strike any news of the long- 
absent wanderer." 

Lux Cogitationis, 

What darkness ! Yes, after the glare of the ball — 
And how the lamps gleamed, and the faces, .and all ! 
While those lanterns of paper that hung on the string 
Overhead, with the wave of the music would swing. 

After that like a blow comes such darkness ; niethinks 
To pierce it requires the eyes of a lynx. 
Of a lynx and in truth what a boon it would be 
In the dark with the light of the ball-room to see. 



Hold ! there are the windows ; the shades are so thin 
That the darkness without lights the darkness within ; 
And if shadow on shadow is possible, there, 
In the midst of the room, is my great easy-chair. 

I sit ; still I scarcely distinguish a thing. 

The vesture of night to the wall seems to cling. 

Ah ! had I those eyes that I read in the waltz, 

I could see where the lynx's ovvn might play him 

That I read in the waltz, did I say? — yes, in two. 
So it is, black and white, on this order ; but who 
Had her booked for the third ? ah, I know his name ! 
And the York? and the Schottische? and Polka? — 
the same. 

If I recollect right, and I'm sure that I do, 
Four dances for him and for me only two. 
I say ! over there is the mantle I know. 
Through the depth of the darkness beginning to 

Next time he may dance the whole list if he please. 
Such black eyes could burn and perhaps they could 

freeze. — 
I'm sure that's the mantle and now I'm awai-e. 
As figures appear, of that photograph there. 

Ah, yes ! eyes as bright as those others though blue, — 
Just as bright, just as clear, I remember — and true. 
Eh bieii! I've no need of the lights of the hall ; 
I think I see best in the dark after all. 


'Tis seven o'clock on a summer's eve, 

And the summer's sun is low. 
An empty hammock beneath the trees. 
In the sweetly scented evening breeze 
Swings listlessly to and fro. 

'Tis eight o'clock and the sun is gone. 

And the darkness grows apace. 
In the hammock sits a maiden fair. 
While seated near her in a chair. 
Is a youth with a handsome face. 

The clock strikes nine — but what is this? 

In the gloom of the moonless night 
Two figures, which like one appear 
Swing in the hammock,— Hark ! and hoar ! 

" Now Jack, who said you might? " 

The Gossamer. 

How very innocent it looks. 
While hanging from its senseless hooks, 
Behind some door or stair-case when 
Its owner is not there ; yet then 
Suggestive fancies cling about it. 

But when in days of cloud and storm. 
It shields a maiden's fairy form. 
And half discloses, half conceals 
The grace that every step reveals. 
Ah ! then there's witchery about it. 

And when beneath a dainty chin, 
'Tis fastened by a crooked pin. 
And from its folds of sombre grace. 
Peeps out a laughing pretty face, 
Then, what is there not about it? 

Calendar, Mat 9-22. 

May 9— "Deestrick Skule," . Town Hall. 

May 10 — Colby vs. Bates, . . . Lewiston. 

May 10 — Bowcloin vs. M. S. C.,- . . Orono. 

May 12, 13— " Pickpockets of Paris," . . . Town Hall. 

May 14— Colby vs. Bates, Waterville. 

May 14-17— Catholic Fair, Town Hall. 

May 17— Colby vs. Bowcloin Lewiston. 

May 17— Bates vs. M. S. C, Bangor. 

May 21— Lecture, " Gettysburg," .... Town Hall. 
May 21— Bates vs. Colby, Brunswick. 

Pushor, Moulton, and Plummer, '87, were in 
town Saturday, and were delighted to see the boys 
do up the Bates. 

The new barrel float at the boat-house drifted 
loose last week, and was found some distance down 
the river and brought back by the freighter. It 
ought to be chained to its moorings hereafter. 

W. R. Smith, '90, and Rounds, '91, have gone to 
Rochester, N. Y., as delegates to the Alpha Delta 
Phi Convention from this chapter. 

The Seniors and Juniors enjoyed adjourns in Polit- 
ical Economy and History last week, on account of 
Professor Smith's absence. 



Richard Golden and his company played "Old 
Jed Prouty" here Tuesday night. It is the best 
play shown here this season. 

The Kickapoo Indians are in town, and quite a 
number of the students have attended their free ex- 
hibitions and have acquired a great deal of valuable 
physiological information, particularly in regard to 
the ravages of catarrh on the skull. 

The Y. M. C. A. subjects for the next two weeks 
are : May 8th — " Your Father Knoweth," Psalms 103, 
V. 8-14; 2 Timothy 2, v. 10. C. S. Wright, leader. 
May loth — "Our Temptations," John 16, v. 33; 
Hebrews 4, v. 15, 16; Matthew 26, v. 41. H. C. 
Jackson, leader. 

Ridley, '90, is not well and has gone home to 

A Sub-Freshman was observed in the reading- 
room, Monday, with his hat deferentially removed, 
and an expression of awe in his innocent face. The 
guilelessness of youth is delightful. 

Mitchell & Bickford, who are doing the Bugle 
printing, have moved their oflice from 195 Federal 
Street, to 116 Exchange Street, Portland. 

Mr. Ernest Williams, of Portland, took in the ball 
game, Saturday, and passed Sunday at the college. 

Manager Crawford has secured the following 
talent for the Commencement Concert: Madamoi- 
selle Sophie Zela, Soprano, Myron W. Whitney, 
Basso, Salem Cadet Band, Miss Alice M. Philbrook, 
Pianist, and Herr Kotzchmar, Accompanist. 

One of the most infallible signs of spring's pres- 
ence is the appearance of the numerous ash heaps 
which the festive Bill has disposed at regular inter- 
vals along the college walks, and which, wlien prop- 
erly distributed over said walks, will make the trav- 
eling unendurable for a week or so. 

Former Pushor, '87, is stopping at South Appleton 
this week, exhibiting the Warwick bicycle for which 
he is agent. This new machine is handsome and 
durable, and those contemplating the purchase of a 
wheel would do well to examine it. 

About fifteen Seniors are taking Tutor Tolman's 
special course in Elocution. The hour is 8 A.m. 

The Psi Upsilon Convention was held at Provi- 
dence, R. I., with the Brown Chaper, May 1st and 
2d. The following went from Bowdoin : W. R. 
Hunt, Hubbard, and Brooks, '90; Lincoln, '91 ; and 
Young, '92. 

During the coming summer Professor Johnson, 
Profes.sor and Mrs. Little, and Prol'cssor and Mrs. 
Pease, will visit JCuropc lor longer oi' shorter periods. 

Professor Matzke gave a lecture on the "Origin 
of the Romance Languages" in Lower Memorial 
Hall, Tuesday evening, April 22d. It was primarily 
to the members of the elective French division, but 
any members of the college who might be interested 
were invited to attend. 

The Senior class of the Medical School have 
elected the following officers : President, F. E. 
Strout; Vice-President, J. H. Mansur; Secretary, F. 
M. Stiles; Treasurer, A. L. Shirley; Marshal, A. L. 
Sukeforth ; Orator, J. K. P. Rogers ; Committee, E. 
E. Shapleigh ; Q. A. Bridges, and J. T. Dilling. 

'Ninety-two has decided not to elect any officers 
this year. What a rush there will be next year, 

Photographer A. O. Reed has finished the Seniors' 
pictures, and is much impressed with the high aver- 
age of manly beauty in '90's ranks. 

Harrigan's "Two Barneys" was at the Town 
Hall, April 30th. 

The Quartette, and Banjo and Guitar Club gave a 
concert in Bath, April 22d, to a large and appreciative 

Professor Swain, the well-known phrenologist, 
has been making a visit to the "Bricks" lately, and 
quite a number of students have had their characters 
read and their futures outlined by the genial expert. 
The Professor finds colleges and fitting schools by 
far the best field for his profession. 

Quite a delegation from the college attended Gil- 
bert's Juvenile Exhibition and Ball, April 2L'd. (ien- 
eral dancing was engaged in between 9 and 12 

The annual May German, under the direction of 
J. M. Hastings, '91, came off in the Town Hall, 
Thursday evening. May 1st. Some thirty couples were 
in attendance and a very enjoyable evening was 
spent by all. 

Manager Ci-awford has engaged Mme. Sophie 
Zela, the famous Swedish singer, for the Commence- 
ment Concert. She will bo particularly welcomed 
here as she has recently married E. O. Achorn, a 
Bowdoin boy of the class of '81. 

The Appleton Ladies' Quartette, of Boston, assisted 
by Miss Marshall, reader, gave a concert in the 
Berean Baptist Church, May 2d. 

Poor, '91, will be out teaching at Eastport, all 
this term. 

Thompson, '91, haSvreturned to college. 

The question of a new college yell, and a new 
college color, in which the old Bowdoin white shall 



be blended with some other color which would make 
a more distinctive badge, is being talked up among 
the students now. Both ideas are good and worthy 
of adoption. How can they best be carried into 
effect ? 

We were surprised to wake up Suijday morning, 
April 27th, to find the ground white with snow. But 
it was only a thin covering and when it melted, as it 
soon did, the grass came up beautifully green. 

Rev. F. S. Root, of Auburn, occupied the Congre- 
gational pulpit, April 27th. 

Professor Robinson joined the excursion leaving 
Boston for Bluffton, Ala., April 28th, and was gone 
for a week during which time his class enjojed a 
short vacation. 

Rev. E. C. Guild addressed the Y. M. C. A., Sun- 
day before last on the Divine influence over the 
human will and action. 

The Quartette, and Banjo Club, assisted by Miss 
Minnie Bete, gave a concert in Lewiston, April 29th. 
Several students went up to hear it. A number of 
athletes from the college, also gave an exhibition in 
connection with the concert. 

Poss, '91, is out teaching at Oakland and will be 
out most of this term. 

Bennett, '93, has rejoined his class. 

Osborne, '93, is teaching school at Conway, N. H. 
One of the editors of the Orient, also connected 
with the Bugle Board, managed to get a sight at the 
Dartmouth JEciis, being printed at Portland, in spite 
of the refusal of the publishers to allow J'>owdoin 
men to see the sheets. By making use of his sur- 
name he managed to convey the impression that he 
was a member of another New England institution 
of learning, and thus he gained admission to the 
publishers' private ofHce, was hospitably received, 
and earnestly requested to secure some business for 
the firm in his college. 

Rev. Mr. Guild is delivering a course of three 
lectures on successive Sunday evenings at the Unita- 
rian church. His subject, ]\lay 4th, was "Holmes," 
and this will be followed by lectures on "Lowell" 
and " Whittier." 

'Ninety-two has elected the following Bugle 
editors: A. A. *., Harry W. Kimball; ^. T., Chas. 
S. Rich; \. K. E., Frank Cothren ; e. A. X., John F. 
Hodgdon ; Z. 'P., Joel Bean; Non-Society, Everett 
A. Pugsley. 

Moody, '90, is teaching at Dresden. 

Minott, '91, is still at home assisting his father in 
his business. 

The Y. M. C. A. have elected the following 
officers for 1890-91 : President, Jonathan P. Cilley, 
'91; Vice-President, Thomas F. Nichols, '92; Re- 
cording Secretary, Charles H. Howard, '93; Corre- 
sponding Secretary, James D. Merriman, '92 ; Treas- 
urer. Arthur S. Haggett, '93. 

The innate modesty of Orient men is illustrated 
by the fact that one of the prominent members of the 
present board, was discovered a few days ago, in 
front of his mirror, softly singing the opening lines 
of "Annie Rooney," "A pretty face, a winning 
smile ! " 

Among the recent additions to the library may be 
mentioned : An Aldus edition of Cicero ; an edition 
of Demosthenes, dated 1G04. The comjDlete works 
of Rev. Charles Adams (Bowdoin, 1833,) and Rebel- 
lion Records, Vol. XXVI. 

Those students who took part in the exhibition b}' 
the Glee Club and Athletes, at Lewiston, last week, 
and those who accompanied them, were surprised 
and astonished to find that some members of Bates 
College carried their unfriendliness to Bowdoin so 
far as to' openly insult the performers on the stage, 
by sneering laughs and other ungentlemanly demon- 
strations. If the Bates students tliink they are placing 
themselves in a favorable position by such actions, 
they are much mistaken. Common courtesy would 
give performers in a public exhibition a fair show 
and a decent reception. 



Following is the stan<ling of the Maine College 
League up to May 7th : 

Won. Per Cent. 

Colby 2 1000 

Bowdoiu 1 1 .nOO 

Maine State College, 1 .000 

Bates, 1 .000 

Colby, 10; Bowdoin, 8. 
The first league game occurred Wednesday, 
April 30th, between the Bowdoins and Colbys, at 
Waterville. It was a fine day for ball playing, with 
the exception of a strong wind which rendered it 
diflicult to judge high-fly balls. Colby won the 
game in the fifth and sixth innings by bunching 
their hits. Bowdoin played a plucky up-hill game, 
and showed herself strong where she has usually 
been weak — in the infield. Downes succeeded Bur- 
leish in the box in the seventh inning, and did good 



work. The batting and base running of Parsons, 
Foster's work in left field, Hilton's work at short, 
and the fine throwing of Fish deserve special men- 
tion. Following is the detailed score : 

A.B. R. IB. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Parsons, 3b., 5 3 2 5 5 2 

Wagg, p fl 1 2 7 

Foster, l.f. 5 3 1 1 

Bonney, lb 4 8 2 

Gilmore, c, 4 1 1 3 1 1 

Lombard, 2b., .... 5 G 2 1 

Roberts, c.f., 4 2 2 2 1 

Merrill, r.f 2 4 1 2 2 

Purington, s.s 4 1 1 3 1 

Total 38 10 7 12 27 16 8 


A.B. R. 1b. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Packard, lb., .... 5 2 3 3 10 1 
Thompson, r.f., .... 5 1 2 

Fish,c., 5 1 7 4 3 

Jordan, c.f 4 1 1 1 

Hutchinson, l.f 5 1 2 2 1 1 

Hilton, s.s., 5 1 1 2 5 1 

Freeman, 2b., .... 5 2 2 4 2 5 2 

Spring, 3b., 4 1 1 1 3 

Burleigh, p., 3 1 4 1 

Downes, P., 1 5 1 

Total 42 8 10 13 27 24 10 

Earned runs— Colby, 3; Bowdoin, 1. First base on 
errors— Colby, 5; Bowdoin, 6. Base on balls— Colby, 4; 
Bowdoin, 1. Struck out— Colby, 8; Bowdoin, 2. Two-base 
hits— Parsons, Wagg, Merrill, Thompson, Freeman (2). 
Three-base hit— Parsons. Double plays— Wagg, Foster, 
and Lombard; Hilton and Packard. Time of game— 2 
hours 25 minutes. Umpire— Webster, of Portland. 

Bowdoin, 10; Bates, 3. 
The game on the delta, Saturday, May Sd, be- 
tween Bowdoin and Bates, resulted in a decisive 
victory for Bowdoin. The boys pounded the delivery 
of Wilson, Bates' pet pitcher, for twelve hits with a 
total of twenty-one, and put up that fine, steady 
fielding game which is of the pennant-winning 
variety. The battery work of Downes and Fish was 
of the first order. Thompson, Hutchinson, Hilton, 
and Freeman each contributed a three-bagger to the 
Bowdoin base-hit column. Putnam batted well for 
Bates. Freeman and Packard carried off the fielding 
honors for Bowdoin. Hoffman caught a pretty game, 
and Garcelon accepted five chances at short without 
an error. Bangs umpired satisfactorily at the home 
plate for the first five innings, but at the end of that 
time the Hates men imagined that they were roasted 
on a plate decision, and demanded a substitute. New- 
man took his place. Following is the detailed score : 


Packard, lb., . 


. 4 











Thompson, r.f.. 

. 3 




Fish, c, . . . 

. i 







Jordan, c.f., . 

. 5 





Hutchinson, l.f.. 

. 4 







Hilton, S.S., 

. 5 






Freeman, 2b., 

. 5 







Spring, 3b., 

. 5 





Downes, p.. 

. 5 





Totals, . 

. 40 









Hoffman, c, . 


. 4 











Wilson, p., 

. 4 





Putnam, l.f., . 

. 4 



Pennell, 2b., . 

. 3 



Swipes, lb., . 

. 4 





Day, 3b., . . 

. i 





Whitcomb, c.f., 

. 4 


Martin, r.f.. 

. 3 


Garcelon, s.s., 

. 3 




Totals, . 

. 33 







Innings, . . 
Bowdoin, . . . 
Bates, . . . . 

. 1 
. 3 
. 1 

2 3 
2 1 




7 8 



Earned runs — Bowdoin, 3; Bates, 1. Two-base hits — Put- 
nam, Downes. Three-base hits — Thompson, Freeman, 
Hutchinson, Hilton. Stolen bases — Bowdoin, 10; Bates, 2. 
Double play — Hutchinson and Freeman. Base on balls — by 
Downes, 1: by Wilson, 4. Hit by pitched ball — Fish. 
Struck out — by Downes, 8; by Wilson, 3. Passed 
balls— Fish, 2. Wild pitch — Downes. Time of game— 2 
hours 10 minutes. Umpires — Bangs, Pierce, and Newman. 

BoiDdoin, 12; Portland, 4. 
Bowdoin played Portland on the Delta, Saturday, 
April 26th. The Portlands had a strong team, but 
went to pieces in one imiing, allowing the college 
nine to send eight men across the plate. Bowdoin 
played a strong and steady game throughout, and 
batted like veterans. The catching of Webster and 
Fish, and the batting and fielding of Hutchinson, 
were features of the game. Following is the de- 
tailed score : 


A.B. R. B.H. T.B, P.O. A. E. 

Packard, lb 1 1 10 

Thompson, r.f 5 2 3 3 

Fish.c 5 1 4 4 4 3 

Jordan, c.f 5 2 1 

Hilton, S.S., 5 3 1 1 3 1 2 

Freeman, 2b., .... .5 2 1 1 1 3 1 

Hutchinson, l.f., ... 4 2 4 7 1 

Spring, 3b., 5 1 2 2 2 3 

Burleigh, p 5 1 G 

Total 45 12 Hi 19 23* 17 

' Wi'balor out fur iutertering willi iiclder. 




A.E. R. E.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

McGovern, l.f .3 1 1 1 

Burns, 3b., i 3 1 

Mahoney, lb., .... 4 1 7 1 

Webster, c, 3 1 5 2 3 

Ruby, S.S., 3 1 3 1 2 

Kelley, p 4 1 1 (i 1 

Flavin, 2b. 2 1 2 2 3 2 5 

Soule, c 2 1 1 1 1 

Ross, r.f 3 2 1 

Total, 29 4 5 5 24 13 14 



G 7 


Earned runs — Bowdoin, 3; Portlands, 1. Double play- 
Jordan and Fish. Base on ball— by Burleigh, 3;by Kelley, 1. 
Pas.sed balls— Fish 1. Struck out— Burleigh, 2; Kelley, 4. 
Left on bases — Bowdoins, 8; Portlands, 7. Time of game-- 
1 hour ."iO minutes. Umpires— Newman and Bangs. 

At length the much-needed improvement of the 
grand-stand is about to be realized. It is to be 
carried seventeen feet toward the foul board, which 
will be extended to the grand-stand. 

The price of admission to the ball games this 
season is to be raised to twenty-five cents. It won't 
keep any loyal Bowdoin man outside the fence, 

Mr. Sam Jackson of this town has offered a fine 
alligator-skin traveling satchel as a prize for the 
Bowdoin player making the best general average 
this season, under the following conditions: 1st. 
Average shall include sacrifice hitting, base running, 
batting, and fielding. 2d. Player must take part in 
not less than four league games. 3d. League games 
only to count. 4th. Scorer shall make up the aver- 
ages. 5th. The satchel shall be in charge of the 
manager until won, and shall then be turned over to 
the winner. 

About a dozen of the boys accompanied the nine 
to Waterville. 

If the boys play ball the way they have started 
in, something's liable to be fluttering from a Bow- 
doin flag-staft", this fall. 

It was in the astronomy lesson the day after the 
first Colby game. Professor Hutchins— " What 
change would you make in the calendar, Mr. Pack- 
ard?" "Pack" (musingly)— "I should omit yes- 

Alumni : We have a good ball nine this season, 
one that has practiced faithfully and well and is 
making a strong bid for the pennant. Doubtless you 
are deeply interested in its success. The present 
management has been to an expense of some two 

hundred dollars to fix up the diamond and enlarge 
the grand-stand. Besides this, a debt of eighty 
dollars remains standing from last season's accounts, 
so that two hundred and eighty dollars is needed to 
liquidate the present indebtedness of the association. 
We ask you frankly to show your interest in our 
success by helping to lighten this burden. The best 
method we can suggest is the inclosure of a green- 
back in an envelope addressed to the Treasurer, Mr. 

The sporting editor would respectfully inform his 
fellow-editors that he is running this column, and 
that any items surreptitiously introduced will be 
considered an unpardonable infringement upon his 
rights. Understand, T. S. B. ? 

One of the loyal young ladies of Brunswick is 
making some foul flags, which she will present to the 
nine as a reward for their victory over the Portlands. 

Colby defeated Maine State College at Waterville, 
May 3d, by a score of 12 to 3. 

Students : You would please everybody, your- 
selves included, by paying up your base-ball sub- 
scriptions now. 

Mr. Woodman, who holds the tennis champion- 
ship of the State of Maine, witnessed tlie Bowdoin- 
Bates game on Saturday. 


The three crews that will row Ivy Day are com- 
posed as follows: '91— Mahoney, Home, P. C. New- 
begin, and Munsey ; '92— Poor, Nichols, Merriman, 
and Bartlett; '93— Ridley, Stacy, Hatch, and May. 

Ye Gods! What a picture Munsey presented 
when he got spilled from the single shell last Mon- 
day ! If you can't Hanlan oar any better than that, 
Muns, you may Ross-t assured that your Teemer-ity 
Conley-d you into danger some day. 

Plaisted rows Hanlan the 7th, Sth, and 9th of this 
month, after which he will return and coach the crew 

The first of our new cedar shells is to be delivered 
some time this week. 

The eight are working faithfully and are pulling 
in good form. They row twice a day, 11.30 in the 
forenoon and 4.30 in the afternoon. 

The float became unloosed by human agency or 
otherwise, last Friday, and drifted down below Bay 
Bridge before it was recovered. 

Bowdoin has been trying to arrange a race with 
the Boston Athletic Association crew. Its captain, 
Edward J. Cabot, wrote Commodore Sears, May 2d, 
that his crew was composed of business men who 



were subject to many engagements and comjjlica- 
tioDS, but that he hoped to be able to meet Bowdoin 
May 30th. 

A handsome Irish setter appears regularly twice 
a day at the boat-house, when the 'Varsity crew goes 
out to practice. He takes great interest in the sight, 
and has become quite a pet among tlie boys. 

Hardy and Jarvis are to furnish the new uniforms 
for the 'Varsity eight. The suits will consist of 
maroon full tights, maroon and white striped rowing 
shirts, and white skull caps with maroon stripes at 
the bottom. 


The Delta Kappa EiJsilons have built a new court 
east of South Appleton, and are settling the question 
of supremacy with the racquet by a society tourna- 

It is somewhat strange that no effort should be 
made to get up a college tennis tournament. We 
have some good players, and the final contests be- 
tween the leaders would be extremely interesting. 
It has been two years now since a tournament has 
taken place. One could be arranged in a very short 
time if two or three tennis players would rouse 
themselves to action. 


The Orient owes the Colby Athletic Association 
an apology which it hastens to make. In our last 
issue, owing to a misunderstanding, our item con- 
cerning Field-Day contained the following statement : 
" Last year Bowdoin accepted Colby's challenge to 
pull them at the latter's Field-Day, at ten days' no- 
tice. Six weeks have now elapsed since Bowdoin's 
invitation to Colby was issued, but no reply has as 
yet been received. Common courtesy would seem 
to dictate an immediate acceptance on Coll^y's part." 
As a matter of fact, the challenge to the Colby tug- 
of-war team, was sent April 17th. Colby delayed 
replying for some time, but hardly for six weeks, 
her answer, having been received April 29th. If .she 
decides not to enter Field-Day, Bowdoin will invite 
her tug-of-war team to pull us an exhibition heat at 
our expense, this being simply a repetition of the 
courtesj' extended us by Colby last fall. 

If Colby acoeiJts our invitation to enter our Field- 
Day, there is a possibility that Lory Prentiss, '80, 
now at the Springfield Training School, will be en- 
gaged to train our athletes. Professor Whittier is 
also in correspondence with Mr. Cornish, director of 
the Boston Athletic Union, with a view of ascertain- 
ing tlio names of a few good trainers. 

Tlie events whicli are to take iilaoe Field-Day are 
as follows : 100-yards dash, tiirovving hammer, two 

mile run, putting shot, half-mile run, pole vault, 
standing broad jump, 220-yards dash, running broad 
jump, 44:0-yards dash, standing high jump, three- 
legged race, mile run, running high jump, throwing 
base-ball, hurdle race, knapsack race, mile walk, 
hop, step, and jump, tug-of-war by the class teams. 
In the Field-Day contests, the class tng-of-war 
will count six points to the winner and four to second. 
The winning class crew scores six, the second, four 

35.— Rev. Edwin Leigh, 

D.D., died April 9th, at 

Stoneleigh Ranch, Kerr County, Texas, 

and his funeral was held at the family 

residence in St. Louis, April 13th. Dr. 

Leigh's career has been a varied one. He 
vvas fitted for Bowdoin at South Berwick Academy, 
took high rank in collpge, and received a first part at 
graduation. He at once entered Andover Theolog- 
ical Seminary, graduated in 1838, but continued his 
.studies the next year as an advanced student. He 
was under appointment by the American Board of 
Commissioners for Foreign Missions to a mission in 
Asia Minor but was prevented from going by his 
wife's health. He preached a short time at Kenne- 
bunk. Me., at Winchendon, Mass., and was pastor of 
the Congregational Church at Woonsocket, R. I., two 
years He then taught an equal length of time at 
Bristol, R. I. From 1847 to 1850 he was engaged in 
the study of medicine at Tremont Medical School, 
attended lectures at Harvard and received the degree 
of M.D. in 1850. He acted as assistant to Professor 
Louis Agassiz two years, and practiced his profession 
at Townsend, Mass., from 1851 to 1854. Dr. Leigh 
then engaged in business in St. Louis for a few years, 
but returned in 1857 to educational work to which he 
was in many ways especially fitted. He taught in 
tlie High School and in the City University of St. 
Louis for seven years. During the latter portion of 
this period he devised and elaborated his "Pronounc- 
ing Orthography," a jihonetic system intended to im- 
prove primary instruction in reading and to facilitate 
the acquisition of the English language by foreigners. 
To the earnest and patient advocacy of this system 
Dr. Leigh devoted several years of his life. He pre- 



pared editions of many elementary text-books and of 
manuals of conversation arranged and adapted for 
its use. Beside tlie publications directly connected 
with this system Dr. Leigh was tlie author of " Phil- 
osophy of Medical Science, a Boylston prize essay, 
1849, and "Respiration Subservient to Nutrition," 
both published in 1853, •' Bird's Eye Views of Slavery 
in Missouri, 1862, " Illiteracy in the United Statc^i," 
a paper contributed to the special report of the Com- 
missioner of Education in 1870, and "The Sinai and 
Comparative New Testament" (New Yorli), 1881. 

!41.— Hon. Henry Ingalls, of Wiscasset, has been 
appointed a committee of the directors of the Knox 
& Lincoln Railroad to visit Boston and consult 
Hon. Levi C. Wade in regard to the proposed sale of 
the road. 

'4:4-'61. — Judges Libbeyand Emery will attend the 
Law Court, which sits in Augusta, this month. 

'73. — The members of the Shaliespeare Club, of 
Brunswick, gave Professor F. C. Robinson a pleasant 
surprise party, April 2-tth, on the occasion of his 
thirty-eighth birthday. 

'74. — F. W. Hawthorne, editor of the Florida 
Times-Union, of Jacksonville, Fla., is out with a 
long open letter to President Harrison in defense of 
the action of the people of some of the counties' of 
Florida in obstructing United States Marshals in the 
discharge of their duties. 

'75. — Myles Standish, M.D., was married, April, to Miss Louise Marston at the Soutli Congrega- 
tional Church, Boston. 

'80. — Dr. W. R. Collins, who has for several years 
been practicing in Butte City, Montana, recently re- 
moved to Georgetown, Colorado. 

'80. — U. R. Giveen is principal of schools in 
Weaverville, Trinity County, California. He is also 
superintendent of schools, deputy clerk of courts, 
merchant (of the firm W. F. Smith & Co.), and 
editor and part owner of the Weekly Trinily Journal. 

'88. — H. L. Shaw was recently married to Miss 
Alice S. Bradford. He will settle in Cardiff, Tenn. 

'89. — The band wagon has followed Isaac to Wor- 

Ex-'90. — F. M. Gates sails this week for the 
Soudan. On April loth he was ordained to the 
Congregationalist ministry. 

Harvard has undertaken to present another Greek 
play, one of Aristophane's comedies, followed by 
Latin farces. — Ex. 

Brown University has been refused admittance to 
the New England Base-Ball League on the ground 
of "professionalism." 

A writer in the College and School gives the fol- 
lowing interesting account of Cornell University: 
" Not more than twenty-five years ago, one of the 
speakers in a convention, where sat a stern, silent 
man, sought to illustrate his address by a Latin quo- 
tation. This reserved listener, bending forward to 
a cultured gentleman immediately in front of him, 
asked for a translation of the Latin, and when it had 
been given him, thanked his neighbor and added : 
' If I can help it, no young man shall grow up in 
New York hereafter without a chance at least, of 
knowing what a Latin quotation means when he 
hears it.' The stern, silent man was Ezra Cornell ; 
the cultured gentleman was George William Curtis." 

The Princeton alumni, of Chicago, have offered a 
prize of $50 for the Chicago man who will pass the 
best entrance examination to that college. 

The Molt-Haven cup will be given to Harvard 
this spring. Harvard has won it eight years out of 

The sweet girls of Smith College voted to substi- 
tute caps and gowns for Tam-O'Shanters, but the 
president failed to see the point and ivould not allow 
the change. 

Greek letter fraternities are now being established 
at Wellesley. The students are delighted. Initia- 
tions are rough and severe ; the goat well trained. 

Tlie students at Cornell number 1,306, of whom 
157 are women. From this large number not one 
women has succeeded in obtaining a position on the 
boat crew. 

Three tliousand tablets have been secured by the 
Babylonian explorers sent out last year by the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania. 

In point of education, America is certainly in the 
lead of other nations. Ohio alone has more colleges 
than all Europe put together. — Ex. 

Mohammedan College at Cairo, Egypt, founded 
eighteen hundred years before Oxford, is the oldest 
in the world. 

A student in the Wisconsin State University has 
been tried in court for hazing, and found guilty. 



The students, much to the relief of the culprit, will 
pay his line and costs of $100. 

The National University at Tokin, Japan, enrolls 
50,000 students. 

The oldest college dormitory in the United States 
is that known as South Middle at Yale. It was 
erected in 1752. 

The Faculty of Wellesley College have decided 
to allow Greek Letter Fraternities to establish chap- 
ters in that institution. 

The Senior Class at Cornel has decided to build 
a boat-house as a memorial to the class. 

The Harvard Foot-Ball Association started this 
past season with a debt of $2,317.50, At the close 
of the season there was $9,000 in the treasury, got 
from gate receipts at their games, etc. 


at low prices, seinl to 

VV. W. Ellis, Stationer, 

Aktisi-ic Wouh a .Sphcialtv. 


B ookseller and Stationer. 

A full and complete line of 


Tel(:(;r:iij|i, Tclc|ilK)nc, iinil Express Ollice connected with store. 





lournal Office, Lewi ston, Maine. 


y^ip^t-SIagl, ^pin(ing 

For Schools and Colleges, 


n^ic:E3s IjO'^tvt-. 

AiUlress ;ill orilcrs to the 


Lewiston, Maine. 


Vol. XX. 


No. 3. 




T. S. Burr, '91, Managiug Editor. 
A. T. Brown, '91, Business Editor. 
L. A. Burleigh, '91. B. H. Neweegin, '91. 

H. S. Chapman, '91. B. D. Ridlon, '91. 

H. W. Jarvis, '91. F. V. Gummer, '92. 

C. S. F. Lincoln, '91. C. W. Peaeody, '93. 

Per annum, in advance. 
Single Copies, 

. $2.00. 
15 cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained .at the boolistores or on applica- 
tion to tlie Business Editor. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Coni- 
niunications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribnte 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Entered at the Post-Ofiice at Brunswick as Second-Cl.iss Mail Matter. 


Vol. XX., No. 3.-MAY 21, 1890. 

Editorial Notes, 31 

Miscellaneous : 

The Night of My Life 33 

Alplia Delta Phi Couvention, 34 

Prize Awards, 35 

Exchanges, 3S 

Rhyme and Reason: 

To Lydia, 36 

Nectareous 36 

A Pointer 36 

Gall 36 

What's in the Soup? 37 

Piratic 37 

Collegii Tabula 37 

Athletics, 39 

Personal, 42 

College World 43 


The next issue of the Orient will be 
the Ivy number. Besides the usual amount 
of matter the number will contain a full 
account of the Field-Day events and the Ivy 
exercises. The Ivy Oration and Poem will 
be published in full. Lack of space pro- 
hibits the publication in toto of the class re- 
sponses, but abstracts as complete as possible 
will be found in the Orient columns. It is 
the intention to make the Ivy number an 
attractive souvenir of the Junior Field and 
Ivy exercises. Everybody will want extra 
copies. Orders should be left at once with 
the managing editor, so that seasonable ar- 
rangements can be made for an increased 

TT7HE new uniforms for the boat crew have 
-*■ suggested to the minds of some of the 
students an idea which is well worth consid- 
eration. For some time the question of 
selecting some color which will go well with 
the old Bowdoin white, and using the com- 
bination as distinctive Bowdoin colors has 
furnished a subject for discussion among the 
boys. Our American colleges for the most 
part have adopted two representative colors, 
and there is no reason why Bowdoin should 
not stand and be counted with the majority. 
If the selection of a suitable shade be left 
to a committee appointed from among the 



students, varying tastes will in all probability- 
step in, and the result will be a disagreement 
in the matter. The excellent judgment of 
the boat crew in selecting a uniform seems 
to have provided a happy solution of the 
color problem. Where could we iind a 
neater, prettier combination than garnet and 
white. It is a combination that would be 
distinctively Bowdoin,and no representatives, 
of Bowdoin interests are more worthy of in- 
troducing the Bowdoin garnet and white to 
the college world than the 'Varsity eight, 
who have chosen the colors as their standard 
against Cornell. 

TN connection with the approacliing Field- 
■^ Day exercises, the idea, already broached 
in a previous number of the Okient, in 
regard to each contestant providing himself 
with a suitable costume again presents itself. 
The " shirt sleeves and rolled up pantaloons," 
which in previous years have been so char- 
acteristic of the Bowdoin Field-Day, should 
be laid away on a broad upper shelf, and neat 
athletic costumes, suitable for the occasion, 
substituted. Field-Day does not require the 
spangles of the Athletic Exhibition, but neat 
outfits, such as can easily be obtained from 
the college dealers, would add greatly to the 
success of the annual athletic sports. 

PRESIDENT HYDE in his address Sun- 
■■■ day afternoon, spoke strongly of the ne- 
cessity of training for athletic contests. His 
advice is well timed and to the point. We 
cannot hope to see Bowdoin represented 
among the holders of college records, unless 
the men are willing to undergo a thorough 
and persistent course of training. Our ath- 
letes are afflicted with a chronic aversion to 
this sort of thing, as our many low records 
bear evidence. There is still a week remain- 
ing before the Field-Day sports. Although 
the time is insufficient for the production of 

any great results, nevertheless it will pay to 
put in some solid work during that week. A 
week's training is better than none at all, 
and may be sufficient to raise Bowdoin's 
record a notch higher, in some branch of 
athletic contest. 

TV7E publish in another column the report 
^* of the judges of prize essays on the 
subject of " The application of the American 
Policy of Protection to American Shipping 
Engaged in International Commerce." The 
prizes are offered by the American Protective 
TarilS League, competition being open to 
Senior classes of all our American colleges. 
In the face of so great competition, the secur- 
ing of one of these prizes is an honor of 
more than ordinary moment. This j^ear one 
of the successful essays is from the pen of a 
Bowdoin man. The Orient wishes to ex- 
tend its heartiest congratulations to the 
college for the honor which has been con- 
ferred upon it, and to the brilliant young- 
writer whose ready pen lias been instru- 
mental in conferring that honor upon his 
Alma Mater. 

3INCE the last issue of the Orient, a new 
pastor has been ordained to the old 
church on the hill. In shaping of the char- 
acter of a college man, there is perhaps no 
factor of more importance than the college 
church. Broad liberal views from the pulpit 
are what make the deepest impression upon 
the college mind. The pastor who occupies 
the pulpit of a college church, should be one 
who can talk to young men ; one who, by his 
sympathy and interest, can claim their re- 
spect and attention; one who can treat the 
great central truths of the Scriptures, in their 
relation to the practical events of every-day 
life. Such a man has been called to -the 
pastorate of the Bowdoin College Church. 
Keenly sympathetic with the college and col- 



lege enterprise, deeply interested in the lives 
and welfare of young men, Dr. Mason is emi- 
nently fitted for the position he has been 
called upon to fill. Let us hope that the in- 
stallation of our college pastor will awaken 
a new interest, and mark the beginning of 
a new era, in the relations of the college to 
the old church on the hill. 

"TTOR several years the woods adjoining 
^ Appleton Hall have been used as a dump 
for all sorts of filth and rubbish. The stu- 
dents rooming in that vicinity are justly 
complaining of this nuisance, and desire that 
some means be taken to prevent a further 
increase of the evil. Besides endangering 
the health of the students, the piles of rub- 
bish are by no means ornamental. The 
woods furnish many a shady retreat where 
one could place a chair or swing a hammock 
in the warm months of the spring and early 
summer, but as long as they serve as a col- 
lege dump the students are deprived that 
pleasure. It seems as if the piles of ashes 
and rubbish that necessarily accumulate in 
the winter, might be carted beyond the 
limits of the college yard, instead of being 
removed to one corner of it, and allowed to 
choke up what would otherwise be a pleasant 
shaded grove. 



The Night of my Life. 
OMITTING alone in my study before the 
f^ sparkling fire, I muse over the recollec- 
tion and memory of by-gone days; but 
among them all, one night with a startling 
distinctness is impressed upon my memory, 
for that night was the turning-point of a 
life, the crisis of a soul. 

For many days and for even years, my 
mind had been the meeting-ground of con- 

flicting ideas and emotions. On one side 
were all the higher and nobler motives of 
my life, the whispering of conscience, the 
still small voice, the inner soul striving to 
lift and to purify. On the other side, all 
that was low and base in my nature, the 
cry of self, the loud voice of ambition, the 
animal heritage, and the leveling contact of 
the world. 

The struggle had been long and severe. 
Ever and again the nobler part had risen and 
firm resolves had been made. Perhaps for 
weeks, perhaps for months, they had been 
kept, and then in the unguarded moment I 
had fallen. I was proud of ray will, of my 
constanc}' of purpose, but I felt that now I 
had encountered a stronger than "I." 

Thus the days and months had passed. 
For the few weeks previous to that night, I 
had felt that the crisis was approaching; that 
irrevocably the choice was soon to be made. 
I could not go on as in the past. Either I must 
conquer once for all, or forever I was lost; 
and then, well, it mattered little what then. 
I determined that that verj^ night the choice 
should be made. I paced with hurried foot- 
steps up and down my narrow room. The 
intensity of my emotion re-doubled. My 
mind was a chaos of thought. One mo- 
ment a realm of doubt, the next, a crying 
suppliant. One moment in piteous despair, 
the next, in a devilish thrall. 

Scarcely knowing what I did I put on 
my hat and rushed forth into the night. It 
was a night fit for the time. The clouds, 
with an inky blackness hung from horizon 
to horizon, while ever and anon, the dull 
thunder from afar reverberated and re-echoed 
from the black vault of heaven. The wind 
howled and screeched o'er the barren hill- 
sides with terrible malignity. The struggle 
in my mind continued, but stronger and 
stronger grew my evil desires. The results 
and harvests of years were not to be crushed 
in a moment. 


As I stumbled on, thus lost in an ever 
increasing despair, all at once the clouds 
broke and the full moon burst forth in 
all its splendor and its silver moonbeams 
falling athwart my path lit up a small marble 
cross, placed by the roadside and inscribed 
with these words: "Through me ye shall do 

Like a revelation came over me all the 
teaching of childhood, all the faith of man- 
hood before doubt had entered my mind. 
They thronged my thought, they seemed to 
make clear the darkness. What the prayer 
was I prayed to God I do not know, but I 
know that it was the earnest cry of a yearning 
soul. I stretched myself on the ground and 
clasped that cross, while from above the an- 
gels seemed to sing that song I had learned 
at my mother's side. 

" Kock of ages clelt for me 
Let me hide myself in thee." 

What I thought, what I passed through 
I know not ; but I entered the house as the 
gray dim light of morning was stealing over 
the hill-sides and through the valleys, while 
in my heart, and mind, and body was that 
peace which passeth understanding. 

Since writing the above I have read that 
weird and unearthly book " Dr. Jekjdl and 
Mr. Hyde," which some one, I think, has 
called a "parable of our Heavenly Father 
unto this generation." 

In it we have the theory tliat man is both 
good and bad and radically both. We are 
all, at some time, both Jekyll and Hyde. 
The time must come when we shall be either 
Jekyll or Hyde. Jekyll, the incarnation of 
good; Hyde, the incarnation of evil. 

Dr. Jekyll, after the murder committed 
by Hyde, declared that he would have noth- 
ing more to do with the evil side of his 
character. In an unguarded moment he 
brf)ke tlie resolve. So time went on, and 
socjii he no longer had the option of becom- 

ing Hyde ; he was Hyde whether he wished 
to be or not. 

So with myself. Within me was Jekyll' 
and Hyde, the good, the evil. One must 
needs succumb. Like Stevenson's weird 
creation, the evil would have conquered, if 
it had not received help from the Almighty 
and gained from Him the strength to crush 
the devilish nature within me. 

Alpha Delta Phi Convention. 
J17HE Fifty-Eighth Annual Convention of 
-^ the Alpha Delta Phi Fraternity was 
held with the Rochester Chapter at Roch- 
ester, N. Y., Tuesday and Wednesday, May 
6th and 7th. The convention was opened 
Tuesday morning with an address by the 
President of the Fraternity, Rev. Edward 
Everett Hale. The business meetings occu- 
pied the rest of the day until 5 o'clock, when 
an informal reception was given to the dele- 
gates at the A A * Chapter House, No. 7 
Gibbs Street. 

In the evening a reception was held at 
Powers' Art Gallery, which was attended by 
the elite of the town and by all the brothers 
in the vicinity. 

Wednesday morning, business again occu- 
pied the attention of the convention. At 
12 o'clock a recess was taken in order to 
listen to an address by Rev. Dr. Hill, Presi- 
dent of Rochester University. At 2 o'clock 
the convention finally adjourned. During 
the afternoon many of the delegates availed 
themselves of the opportunity to make an 
excursion to the shore of Lake Ontario. 

Wednesday evening the public exercises 
of the convention were held in Lyceum The- 
atre. They consisted of music by the Phil- 
harmonic Orchestra, prayer by Rev. F. D. 
Huntington, D.D., and addresses b}^ Rev. 
A. S. Fisk, Prof. Benjamin I. Wheeler, Ph.D., 
and Rev. T. Edwin Brown, D.D. At the 
close all the brothers present rose and sung 
" Xaips" AXfa AiXra 'Pi." 



After the public exercises were over, the 
banquet was served in the Chamber of Com- 
merce bj^ Teall. About 150 were present. 
The toast-master was W. S. Hubbell of Roch- 
ester. Toasts were responded to by Rev. T. 
Edwin Brown, D.D., Tracy C. Becker, LL.D., 
Rev. A. Vanvrauken Raymond, Rev. J. Q. 
Adams, Hon. Frederic A. Whittlesey, and 
others. • 

At an early hour Thursday morning the 
banquet ended, and with it closed the exer- 
cises of one of the most successful conven- 
tions ever held by Alpha Delta Phi. 

Awards for Prize Essays. 

TN conformity with the report of the 
judges, The American Protective Tariff 
League hereby announces the award of prizes 
to Senior college students of 1890 for essays 
on the subject: "The Application of the 
American Policy of Protection to American 
Shipping Engaged in International Com- 
merce." The first prize of $150 has been 
awarded to John Ford, Cornell University, 
N. Y. The second prize of $100 has been 
awarded to Carrie R. Gaston, Swarthmore 
College, Swarthmore, Pa. The third prize 
of $50 has been awarded to Thomas A. C. 
Spillane, Bowdoin College, Brunswick, Me. 
A silver medal for a meritorious essay has 
been awarded to W. H. Young, Brown Uni- 
versity, Providence, R. I. 


Edward H. Ammidown, Esq., President — 

Dear Sir: The undersigned appointed 
by the American Protective Tariff League 
to determine the award of prizes for the best 
essays by Senior students of American col- 
leges on "The Application of the American 
Policy of Protection to American Shipping 
Engaged in International Commerce," re- 
spectfully report that we have unanimously 
awarded the first prize for the essay by 

" Jefrom." The second prize for the essay 
by " X. Y. Z." The third prize for the essay 
by " T. A. C. S." We have also awarded a 
silver medal for the essay by " A Protec- 

Very truly yours, 

Richard T. Ely, 
Nelson Dingley, Jr., 
William W. Bates, 
A. Foster Higgins. 
New York, May 15, 1890. 



Farewell ! I cannot soon forget 

Our love so warm and true, 
I had not known you long, but yet 

I'd learned to live in you. 

We met when Autumn had begun 

To chill the cheerful air; 
We part at length when summer's sun 

Spreads pleasure everywhere. 

We loved I know, but love is dead, 

Just why I cannot tell; 
'Tvrere better that no more be said. 

My winter coat, farewell! 

— Brunonian. 

The following interesting item is culled from the 
University Magazine, published at the University of 
North Carolina : 

The Bowdoin Orient seems to be very much surprised 
at the statement made in our pages, that Jefferson Davis 
was a " man who suffered indignities and brutalities at the 
hands of a great civilized world," &c. We are sorry to 
see that the young men of the North at this late day liave 
not laid aside their prejudice for one of tlie shining lights 
of history. We think that even his greatest enemies will 
acknowledge that he was unjustly persecuted for doing 
what he tliought right. But as he is dead, let him rest. 
We will say that we are not surprised at the criticism from 
the Bowdoin Orient, which is the essence of narrow- 

It is not our sphere or purpose to enter into any 
discussion on the patriot virtues of the late J. Davis, 
but we feel confident in saying that his name will 
go down to posterity as the representative of that 
unfortunate movement which so nearly dismembered 
the Union. The closing sentence of the above is so 
ridiculous as to make any attempt at refntation un- 



The Pacific Pharos shines out under a cover fear- 
fully and wonderfully designed with an eruptive 
light-house, some impossible looking seals, and, in 
the offing, an object which looks like Noah's ark un- 
der steam. The inside matter is very good, espe- 
cially the editorial department. 

The Adelbert is a new venture in college journal- 
ism and is the organ of the college whose name it 
bears. It shows every indication of the beginning 
of a successful career. 

The Buchlelite is an extremely well gotten up 
sheet containing in its issne of May 2d, the prize ora- 
tion of the Intercollegiate Oratorical Association 
which is well vvorth reading. It also contains a de- 
partment devoted entirely to fraternity news. 

The Lehigh Burr is always bright and interest- 
ing, and is a welcome visitor to our table. 

Rl^yme ansi Reason. 

To Lydia. 

Horace, Book III. Ode IX. 
While I alone was dear to thee. 

Nor any rival dared to fling 
His arms around thy snowy neck, 

I lived more happy than a king. 

And while you cherished no one more 
Nor Chloe loved in Lydia's place. 

Then Lydia lived in more renown 
Than she, the mother of our race. 

Me now the Thracian Chloe Vules, 
In manners sweet and music taught, 

For whom I will not fear to die 
If so to me the fates allot. 

Calais, son of Onytus, 

Inspires me with a mutual flame. 
For whom I twice will suffer death. 

If this for him the fates shall claim. 

What if the former love returns. 
And joins us with a brazen chain. 

And bright-haired Chloij, shaken ofi", 
To Lydia opes the door again ? 

Though he is fairer than a star. 
And thou unstable as a shell. 

More quick to wrath than Hadria fierce. 
With thee till death I'll gladly dwell. 


He quaffed long and deep the ambrosial nectar. 
Distilled by the lips of a heaven-born maid ; 
And vowed, while he lived, he would always pro- 
tect her. 
And swore that his passionate love ne'er would fade. 

But soon his inordinate thirst for the nectar. 
That, ere long, her lips ceased for him to distill. 
Compelled him — Oh heaven's ! what an inhuman 

To seek other lips where he might drink his till. 

A Pointer. 

'Twas in winter, and in silence 
They were riding o'er the snow. 

She, a bright and lively maiden, 
He, her staid prosaic beau. 

But at last she broke the stillness, — 
" Tom, my hands are very cold." 

But he didn't see the pleasure 
That her eager words foretold. 

For he said, with careless manner, 

" Sure, you should have brought a muff.' 

For a moment she was silent 
At this strange, unkind rebuff. 

Then she, with her dark eyes flashing. 
Boldly said: "Indeed, I did." 

And this time he saw the meaning 
That within her words were hid. 


Gall ! his gall is monumental. 
Sure, a thing quite accidental, 
But he's got it just the same, which we deplore. 
For upon us he imposes. 
Gall his every act discloses ; 
He would take your last cigar and ask for more. 

With his pen he's quite prolific, 
But in cases too specific. 

He would characterize a friend without a blush. 
Slight him, he can always bear it, 
For the maidens all declare it. 
That his gall is quite impossible to crush. 

In the ball room, too, he shows it, 
There is not a soul but knows it 
How he advertised his nerve one stormy night, 
How he took eight of his dances 
With a maiden whom he fancies, 
When he knows, yes knows! she hates his very 



What's in the Soup? 

What combinations rich and rare 
Lie buried in that boiling kettle, 

Whose savory odor fills the air, 
It matters not one jot or tittle. 

But yet 'tis pleasing we will say. 

When one is sitting o'er his dinner. 

To recognize the consomme 

On which he graduall3' grows thinner. 

In short, we'd really like to know. 

To vulgar parlance though we stoop, 

Cook, tell us if you can or no. 
What's in the soup. 


A mariner bold, as the tale is told. 
Resolved once a pirate to be. 
And to plunder the ships, each that merrily dips 
On the sparkling, bright blue sea. 

He boldly would sail, in the teeth of the gale 
O'er the boisterous bounding blue. 
And with every mark of respect, from each bark, 
Would courteously crave his due. 

So wandering he roves past the headlands and 
Till a ship of goodly size 

Appears on his ken, when he pipes up his men 
To suddenly seize the prize. 

The deed is soon done, and with sabre and gun 
He loudly demands the gold 
That the captain dark, of the luckless bark, 
Has safely stowed in the hold. 

But gold there is not, and to kill on the spot 
The captain, he commands. 
When lo ! there appears, with trembling fears, 
A maiden with clasped hands. 

This maiden fair, with her sunny hair. 
And tear-stained, beautiful face. 
For clemency pleads, and well she succeeds 
By dint of her tender grace. 

The mariner bold, as the tale is told. 
Was softened and quite subdued ; 
He stood in awe and humbly for 
The hand of the maiden sued. 

But now, alas ! thus it came to pass. 
That while her ladyshiji stood, 
And played her part with consummate art. 
As only a maiden could. 

Her brave sire's crew rushed forward and slew 
The band of the pirate bold, 

And quietly caged the greatly enraged 
Sea rover safe in the hold. 

And soon then they left, of friends quite bereft. 
The chief in a lonely land. 

And then sailed away while the maiden, they say, 
To the pirate kissed her fair white hand. 

Calendar, Mat 22d — June 5th. 
^ May23— "Famuing Wild." . Town Hall. 

May 33— Bowdoin vs. M. S. C, Brunswick. 
May2i — Bates vs. M. S. C, . . Lewiston. 

May 24 — Colby vs. Brunswick Brunswick. 

May 27— Field-Day. 

10 a.m. — Boat Races. 
1 P.M. — Field-Day Exercises. 
7 P.M. — Bobbins' Circus. 
May 28— Ivy-Day. 

10 A.M. — Bowdoins vs. Presumpscots. 
3 P.M. — Ivy-Day Exercises. 
9 P.M. — Ivy Hop. 

May 30 — Bowdoin vs. Brunswick Bath. 

May 31 — Bowdoin vs. Bates, Lewiston. 

May31— Colby vs. M. S. C, Orono. 

June 4 — Bowdoin vs. Bates Waterville. 

Professor Robinson returned from Bluffton, Ala., 
May 6th, and gave the Juniors in mineralogy a 
very interesting description of his trip and the 
Southern country. 

The following men have been elected to take part 
in the Junior Prize Declamation, June 23d: Emer- 
son Hilton, Lewis A. Burleigh, John R. Home, Jr., 
Dennis M. Bangs, Ivory C. Jordan, Henry W. Jarvis, 
Edward N. Goding, Samuel H. Erskine, Albert K. 
Newman, Ralph H. Hunt, Owen E. Hardy, and 
Fred J. Simonton, Jr. 

Mr. Parsons of Colby vs. the State of Maine, was 
on the docket at the Brunswick Municipal Court, at 
a special session, Thursday morning at 1 a.m. 
Charge, disturbance of the peace. Whit cannot keep 
that mouth shut, it's no use. 

A dilapidated but innocent looking derby hat re- 
posed gracefully on the ground in front of North 
Appleton, one day last week. The Professor of Agri- 
culture made a nonchalant attempt to kick it off the 



path, but he departed, holding his toe in both hands, 
and muttering bad words, for beneath that mild looli- 
ing hat reposed a sixteen-pound shot, abstracted 
from tlie gymnasium. A well-known member of the 
Junior class also came near breaking his toe on the 
same combination, and both gentlemen now view all 
pot hats witli suspicion. 

Meserve, '88, has been visiting at the college, re- 

The Bugle is in the binder's hands and is daily 
expected. Send in your orders early and avoid the 

The Salem Cadet Band and Orchestra, with twenty 
pieces, has been engaged for Ivy Day. This is the 
largest orchestra ever secured for that occasion. 

W. R. Smith, '90, and Rounds, '91, were delegates 
to the Alpha Delta Phi Convention at Rochester, May 
7th and 8th. 

Foss, '91, is principal of the Oakland High 

The annual election of reading-room manager, 
will occur May 26th in the reading-room. 

Professor Johnson left Brunswick, May 16th, and 
sailed for Europe from Boston, on the steamer 
Scythia, the day following. He will be absent about 
four months, and will be principally engaged in look- 
ing up and examining some old English documents 
and manuscripts in which he is interested. 

Quite a number of the students took part in a ride 
and supper to the Chamberlain House, Simpson's 
Point, May 12th, and a fine time was had by all who 
were of the party. 

The ladies of the Congregational church ten- 
dered a reception to the new pastor. Rev. Dr. Ma- 
son, in the vestry. May 13th. A general invitation 
to be present was extended to the students, and 
quite a number attended. 

Pushor, '87, has been on the campus recently, as 
the agent for the Warwick bicycle, and he has made 
one or two sales. 

J. E. Chapman, '77, was in town lately, visiting 
his brother. Professor Chapman. 

President and Mrs. Hyde gave their annual re- 
ception to the Senior class, Thursday evening. May 
15th. A number of the young ladies of the town 
were invited, and a very pleasant evening was passed 
by all. 

United States Deputy-Marshal Burton Smith 
('89), was in town last week. He arrested, and took 
to Portland, John Belleveau, charged with selling 
liquor witliout a United States license. 

Hardy & Jarvis have furnished the new uniforms 
for the 'Varsity crew, and also for the Sophomore and 
Junior crews, while Pendleton furnishes the Fresli- 
men uniforms. 

The "Pickpocket of Paris" company plaj'ed two 
nights in Brunswick, May 12th and 13th. The at- 
tendance was very small. 

The Catholic Fair was the attraction last week. 
It lasted five nights and was quite liberally patron- 
ized by the students especially by those who wished 
to practice their French. 

Students wishing flowers for the Ivy Hop, can se- 
cure them advantageously and reasonably of J. M. 
Hastings, 11 A. H. 

The Juniors now practice their march for Ivy 
Day every afternoon in Memorial Hall, while the 
Seniors go through their " last chapel " march every 
day, in the chapel. 

Ridley, '90, has returned to college. 

Four of the Portland High School Base-Ball Team 
which was here last week, Allen, Hinkley, Dana, and 
Butler, and possibly Small, are coming to Bowdoin 
next year. Ingraham, the manager of the team, will 
also be a '94 man. 

Cilley, '91, will be sailing master of the yacht 
" Monhegan," owned by Mervyn Rice ('89), this 

Kelly, '91, is now engaged as second head waiter 
at the Tontine. 

The Ivy invitations, engraved by Lowell, of Boston, 
have appeared. Unlike those of the past three 
classes, they are in the form of a handsomely en- 
graved sheet, headed by an ornamental engraving, 
"Bowdoin, '91." Those of '88, '89, and '90 were in 
the form of engraved cards of quite large size. 

Rounds was so pleased with his recent visit to 
Rochester, N. Y., that he contemplates settling there 
after graduation. Perhaps they won't be so cordial 
when they know you better, John. 

Some of the Bugle editors have been spending 
considerable time in Portland lately. One of them 
provoked the admiration of the head of the printing 
firm, by his unlimited capacity for " 10 centers." 

The next association ought to be the Bicycle Asso- 
ciation. Every other form of out-door athletics has 
its organization, and the wheelmen ought not to be 

Thomas C. Spillane, '90, received the third prize 
($50) offered by the American Protective Tariff 
League, for the best essays on the " Application of 
the American Policy of Protection to American Ship- 



ping Engaged in International Commerce." Tliis 
prize is awarded yearly, and is competed for by 
members of the Senior classes in American colleges. 

Tlirough a slip of the types in the last Orient, 
Osborne, ''J2, was set down as being a member of 
'93. We hasten to offer our apologies. 

The boys who went to Lewiston last Saturday, re- 
port that the Bates College Band rendered its selec- 
tions before the game in a very creditable manner. 
Would that we had the musical genius, with sufficient 
ambition and patience, to organize a band or orches- 
tra in college. We have material enough. 

The bland and genial Henry Clay, whom all 
Bowdoin boys for a generation back will remember, 
lies seriously ill atthe Brunswicli Almshouse. It is 
reported that Henry had a severe attacl£ of the D. Ts., 
and though the report of his death last weels was un- 
founded, his condition is still very critical. 

The majority of the Senior class at Wellesley 
were desirous that President Hyde should deliver the 
Baccalaureate Sermon at Commencement. 

There are doubtless some of our students who are 
desirous of obtaining, during the vacation season, 
employment which will be agreeable and also ma- 
terially increase their income. Houghton, Mifflin 
& Co., of Boston, writes us that they will be pleased 
to correspond with those parties, and feel confident 
that such correspondence will result in mutual profit. 


Following is the standing of the Maine College 

League up to May 21st : 

Won. Per Cent. 

Colby 5 1000 

Maine State College, 1 2 .333 

Bates 1 2 .333 

Bowdoin, 1 4 .200 

Colby, 10; Bowdoin, G. 

The game on the delta, Wednesday, May 7th, 

between Bowdoin and Colby, was a disappointment 

to Bovedoin sympathizers. At the end of the fifth 

inning, Bowdoin, by good fielding and excellent 

stick work, had secured a strong lead. Then came 

that fatal sixth inning, which, in each one of the 

three games this season, has proved CoUiy's sunivium 

bonum and Bowdoin's pons lacrimarum. In that 

inning Colby pounded out five runs, securing a lead 

which she held to the finish. Wagg pitched a good 

game, being most effective at critical periods. For 

Bowdoin, Packard worked hard to win, and a glance 

at the score will show that he played finely at the 
bat and in the field. Fish put up his usual game, 
while Freeman led the batting and accepted eleven 
chances without the shadow of an error. For Colby, 
Parsons and Wagg were the life of the team, " Whit" 
slugging the ball with all his old-time fervor. Gil- 
more caught well, and Roberts made a pretty running 
catch of a line fly. The score : 


A.B. R. lE. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Parsons, 3b 5 1 3 7 2 3 1 

Wagg, p. i 2 3 1 5 

Poster, l.£., 5 1 1 

Bonney, lb., i 1 13 

Gilmore, c, 2 2 1 1 3 2 

Lombard, 2b., .... 4 2 1 1 3 2 1 

Roberts, o.f., 4 1 1 2 2 

Merrill, r.f., 3 3 1 3 1 

Purington, s.s., .... 4 1 3 1 

Totals, 35 10 9 17 27 17 4 


A.B. R. iB. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Packard, lb., 3 1 2 3 10 1 

Thompson, r.f., .... 5 1 2 2 

Fish.c, 5 1 2 3 5 3 1 

Hutchinson, l.f., ... 5 1 

Hilton, s.s 5 1 2 1 1 2 

Freeman, 2b., .... 5 1 3 4 5 6 

Jordan, c.f 5 2 1 1 1 1 

Spring, 3b., 4 2 1 1 

Downes, p., 1 1 9 1 

Totals, 38 6 11 15 24 22 7 

Innings, ...123456789 

Colby 00101503 x— 10 

Bowdoin, ....01122000 0—6 

Earned runs— Bowdoin, 2; Colby, 3. First base on 
errors — Colby, 6; Bowdoin, 2. First base on called balls — 
Colby, 3; Bowdoin, 3. Struck out — by Wagg, 1; by 
Downes, 4. Two-base hits — Colby, 2; Bowdoin, 4. Three- 
base hits— Colby, 3. Passed balls — Gilmore, 2; Fish, 2. 
Sacrifice hits— Spring (2), Jordan, Freeman, Wagg. Time 
of game— 2 hours 15 minutes. Umpire — Stevens of Bruns- 

Maine State College, 23; Bowdoin, 17. 

The game with tlie Maine State College at Orono, 
Saturday, May 10th, was by far the poorest league 
game which has yet been played, the miserable con- 
dition of the grounds being, no doubt, largely re- 
sponsible for the looseness of the game. It had 
rained hard the day before, and it requires about a 
week of Nature's sunniest smiles to dry off the Maine 
State grounds. The outfield was a genteel 
combination of muck, mire, and miniature lakes. 
The infield had a plentiful coating of sawdust, and 
was in tolerably good condition. The ball was wet, 
heavy, and difficult to handle, and, as a consequence, 
there was the wildest kind of pitching, Maine State 
College going to first sixteen, and Bowdoin seven- 
teen times on called balls. The Maine States 
batted well. Rich and Keith heading the list. 
Hutchinson, Hilton, and Freeman did the batting for 



Bowdoin. In Pierce the Maine States have a 
young pitcher of much promise, and when he has 
had a few more season's experience, he will prob- 
ably develop into a first-class twirler. There were 
no special features of the game except its looseness 
and length. The tabulated score : 


A.B. R. E.H. T.B. P.O A. E. 

Blackington, s.s. and p., 4 1 2 5 1 

Foss, c, ....... 6 3 2 2 7 2 2 

Rich, lb 6 2 3 4 11 

Keith, 3b i 4 3 3 1 1 

Drew, c.f., 1 2 2 

Bird, 2b., 4 3 1 1 1 1 

Pierce, p. and s.s., ... 5 2 2 2 09 1 

Dow, l.f 3 3 1 2 2 

Atherton, r.f 4 3 1 

Totals, 37 23 12 14 27 18 4 


A.B. R. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Packard, lb 4 2 1 112 

Thompson, r.f 4 3 1 1 

Fish, c. 3 1 5 4 1 

Hutchinson, l.f., . . . G 2 3 i 

Hilton, S.S., 4 3 2 2 1 2 2 

Freeman, 2b 6 1 2 2 1 1 1 

Jordan, c.f., 2 3 

Spring, 3b., 4 1 3 1 2 

Downes, p., 1 o 

Burleigh, p., 3 1 2 9 

Totals, .... 37 17 9 10 24 17 6 

Innings, ...123456789 
M. S. C, . . . . 6 11 2 4 x— 23 
Bowdoin, ....00012310 10—17 

Earned runs— M. S. C, 3; Bowdoin, 3. Two-base 
hits — Eicb, Hutchinson. First base on balls— M. S. 
C, 16; Bowdoin, 17; Struck out— M. S. C, 2; Bowdoin, 
6. Passed balls — Foss, 2. Wild pitches — Burleigh, 2. 
Umpire — Pushor, of Pittsfield. 

Colby, 6: Bowdoin, 5. 
The best game in the league thus far was played 
at Lewiston on the Bates ground, Saturday, May 
17th, between Bowdoin and Colby. It was a good 
day for a ball game with the exception of a very 
strong wind, which blew in the direction of the home 
plate, causing the batting to be lighter and the 
fielding more difficult tlian would otherwise have 
been the case. Each of the nines had come to Lew- 
iston for the sole purpose of winning that game, and 
a sharp and exciting contest was the result. The 
Bowdoins hit Wagg freely, and had it not been for 
the wind and the ground rule restricting the batsman 
to two bases on a ball which went into the crowd, 
several of the Bowdoin hits would have swelled the 
total base colunm to much larger proportions than it 

occupies in the score. The loss of the game may be 
attributed mainly to Bowdoin's poor base running. 
Aside from that, the boys put up as pretty a game as 
one would wish to see, both out-batting and out- 
fielding the Colbys, and the interest of the spectators 
was kept up till the last man was put out. The 
sixth inning, as usual, proved Bowdoin's Jonah. 
Downes pitched a good game, and fielded his posi- 
tion well. He was finely supported by Fish, who 
also led the batting with a record of three hits with a 
total of four. Freeman played a pretty game at 
second. Parsons' work for Colby was not up to its 
usual standard, three bad errors standing to his 
discredit. He managed to pound out a two-bagger, 
but that was all he did in the batting line. Foster 
did fine work, leading the batting and accepting 
seven out of eight chances in loft field. The score : 


A.B. R. 

Parsons, 3b. 4 2 

Wagg, p 4 2 

Foster, l.f., 5 

Bouney, lb., 4 

Gilmore, c., 5 

Lombard, 2b., .... 4 

Roberts, c.f., 3 1 

Merrill, r.f., 2 1 

Purington, s.s., .... 4 

1b. T.B. P.O. A. 

12 3 1 


3 5 5 2 


112 3 


3 3 

Totals, 35 6 

* Freeman out, bit by batted ball. 

10 26* 16 

Packard, lb., 5 

Thompson, r.f., .... 4 

Fish, c, 5 

Hutchinson, l.f 5 

Hilton, S.S., 4 

Freeman, 2b 3 

Spring, 3b., 4 

Downes, p 4 

Burleigh, c.f., .... 4 

1b. T.B. P.O. 


Colby, . . 
Bowdoin, . 



8 9 

Earned runs- Bowdoin, 1. First base on errors— Colby, 
4; Bowdoin, 7. First base on called balls— Colby, 5; Bow- 
doin, 1. Struck out— by Wagg, 2; by Downes, 4. Two- 
base hits— Colby, 3; Bowdoin, 3. Double play — Foster 
and Bonney. Passed balls— Gilmore, 1; Fish, 3. Time 
of game— 2 hours 15 minutes. Umpire— Soannell, of Lew- 

It looks as if the pennant is to float from a Colby 
fla"--stalf this fall. If such is the case, we can lion- 



estly congratulate our rivals of the Kennebec, for 
they have won all their games from Bovvdoin fairly 
and squarely, and accorded the best of treatment to 
our players. The contests with Colby have been in 
a spirit of friendly rivalry throughout, and the victors 
carry with them the good will of the vanquished. 

Freeman is putting up a fine game at second, this 

Bowdoin went to Augusta, Friday, May 16th, 
where she was to have played an exhibition game 
with Bates, but through a misunderstanding that 
nine failed to appear, and a picked nine was organ- 
ized. Stevens and Dunning were the battery for 
Bowdoin. The game was called on account of rain, 
after the first half of the fifth inning had been com- 
pleted, the score standing 9 to 3 in Bowdoin's favor. 

Perhaps that twenty-five cent kiss that Charlie 
" Highshaw " received from the charming I^iz Jjoring 
would come more properly under the head of sport- 
ive than of sporting matters, but in any event we 
deem it worthy of notice. 

Colby defeated Bates at Waterville, Wednesday, 
May 14th, by a score of 8 to 1. 

The boys have not won the pennant, this season, 
but with the exception of one game they have played 
good ball, and that's what deserves support and en- 
couragement, pennant or no pennant. 

The Bates-Maine State College game at Orono, 
Saturday, May 17th, resulted in a victory for Bates 
by a score of 9 to 3. 

Pushor, '87, accompanied the nine to Orono. His 
cousin. Will Pushor, of Pittsfield, the well-known 
catcher, umpired in a manner that was perfectly 
satisfactory to both sides. 

The Bowdoins are to play the Brunswicks at 
Bath, Memorial Day. 

The Portland High School team played a game 
with the Brunswicks on the delta, Wednesday, May 
14th, being defeated by a score of 20 to 10. Hilton, 
Fish, and Tukey played with the Brunswicks, occu- 
pying the positions of short-stop, second-base, and 
first-base respectively. Downes and Hastings offici- 
ated as umpires. Five of the members of the Port- 
land team will enter Bowdoin next fall, thus bringing 
in some good material for the nine. 


Again has the valiant Munsey been precipitated 
from the single shell, this time narrowly escaping 
collision with the 'Varsity. 

The new shell arrived in good order and is a 
beauty. The one in which we race Cornell at Lake 

Cayuga will be completed and delivered some time 
in June. 

The race between the Bowdoins and the Boston 
Athletic Association crew has now been definitely 
arranged, and will take place on Memorial Day. 
There is a possibility that the Shawmut and Waverly 
crews will also row. 

If Columbia, by any means, should drop out of 
the triangular race, Bowdoin will immediately make 
application to enter. Cornell, in that case, could not 
consistently refuse her consent, for her only reason 
for excluding us from the race was in order that it 
might be kept triangular. 

In the contests which took place on three succes- 
sive days between Plaisted and Hanlan, the former 
lost the first and last, and won the second. The 
course was a mile straight away, and in the second 
day's contest, Plaisted succeeded in lowering the 
world's record to four minutes, four and one-quarter 
seconds. Mr. Plaisted will return to coach the crew 
on the 20th. 

The '91 crew has gone to the training table with 
the 'Varsity. Home, '91, has been chosen one of the 
substitutes. Shaw, '93, will be coxswain. 

The scheme' of laying out a three-mile course 
below Bay Bridge is now under consideration. 

Following is the present arrangement of the crew : 
Age. Height. Weight. 
No. I— J. P. Cilley, Jr., "Jl, . . 21 5.8 153 

2— G. B. Sears, '90 24 5.6 152 

3— Carleton, '93 21 5.10 165 

4— H. C. Jackson, '91, ... 26 6.1 180 

5— H. H. Hastings, '90, ... 24 5.9 180 

0— F. C. Parker, '91, ... 21 5.114 178 

7— C. Hastings, '91 22 5.10 165 

Stroke— F. Lynam, m. s 23 5.10 165 

Coxswain— Shaw, '93. 


A meeting of the Foot-Ball Association was held 
in Lower Memorial, Wednesday, May 14th, at which 
the following directors were chosen : First, Bangs ; 
second, E. Hilton; third, Bartlett; fourth, Young ; 
fifth, Baldwin ; E. Hilton was elected captain 
of the eleven, and a constitution was adopted, 
one of its provisions being that the captain 
for each succeeding year shall be chosen before the 
close of the fall term by the eleven and four substi- 
tutes. After some discussion it vvas voted to apply 
for membership in the New England Intercollegiate 
Foot-Ball League. 

Two good foot-ball players will enter Bowdoin 
next year: Mackay, of the Boston Latin School, and 
Fairbanks, of Phillips Exeter Academy. 




At a meeting of the Foot-Ball Association, on 
May 14th, the following committee was chosen to 
arrange for a college tournament: W. R. Smith, 
Brooks, Bangs, Emery, and Payson. Bangs was 
elected president of the associalion ; E. Hilton, vice- 
president; and Mann, secretary and treasurer. 

Much excitement prevails, and the betting runs 

high when Freshman C n meets Freshman W r 

on the tennis arena. 

The Oudens are building a tennis court south of 
the Theta Delta Chi's courts. 

At length that college tournament has material- 
ized, and there promises to be some exciting contests 
between our crack players. It is thought that Pay- 
son-Pierce and Brooks-Bangs are strongest in 
doubles, while Brooks and Payson are named as 
most probable winners of singles. 


The first prizes this year are to be of gold, instead 
of silver, as formerly. 

Following are the costumes of the three class 
crews that will row Field-Day : Junior — Slate- 
colored tights, jersey with '91 across the breast in 
cardinal, slate-colored cap with cardinal stripe. 
Sophomore — Crimson tights, crimson jersey with 
'92 in white across the breast, white cap with crim- 
son stripe. Freshman — Black tights, orange jersey 
with '93 in black across the breast, orange cap with 
black stripe. 

'.'16. — The late Hon. Isaac 
' Randall, of Dixfield, whose 
death occurred on May 2d, was a grad- 
uate of Bowdoin College in the notable 
class of 1830, the surviving members of 
which are ex-Governor Alonzo Garcelon of 
Lewiston, Hon. George F. Emery of Portland, Rev. 
Aaron Chester Adams of Weatherfleld, Conn., John 
Gooden of Halliraore, Md., Rev. David B. Sevval of 
South Berwick, and Hon. Thomas S. Harlow of 
Medford, Mass. Immediately after admission to the 
bar Mr. Randall located in Dixfield, and continued 
there in active practice fifty years, only about five 

month having passed since he was at his office as 
usual. During the long practice of his profession he 
had, as the court records of Oxford and Franklin 
Counties will show, many cases in court, and although 
not a fiery orator, as most people comprehend the 
term, or an eloquent advocate, as lawyers are " sized 
up," by outsiders at this time, yet he had a great 
degree of success and rendered effective and valuable 
service to his clients. Mr. Randall never cherished 
political ambition. He was for several years on the 
superintending school committee of the town and 
supervisor, and on the board of selectmen. He 
served one term in the State Legislature. 

'41. — Hon. Daniel T. Richardson died at his home 
in Baldwin, May 12, 1890. He was born in Baldwin, 
August 8, 1815, and fitted for college at Kent's Hill. 
On leaving college he taught schools in difterent 
places three or fouryears, when from failure of health 
he retired from such labor and lived on a farm until 
1850, when he engaged in trade, and continued in 
that occupation till his death. He was postmaster of 
Baldwin for thirty-seven years, town clerk and trial 
justice over twenty years, and selectman eight years. 
He served in both branches of the Legislature of the 

'55. — Hon. Wm. L. Putnam is acting as repre- 
sentative of Levi C. Wade, during that gentleman's 
absence in Mexico, for the sale of the Knox & Lincoln. 

'58. — General Francis Fessenden is traveling in 

'61. — General Hyde has already landed two hun- 
dred and fifty tons of pig iron at his foundery in 
preparation for the great amount of heavy casting 
that is soon to be done on his government contract. 

'62. — Rev. C. H. Pope, of Kennebunkport, will 
deliver the Memorial Oration at Wells. 

'72. — Hon. Herbert M. Heath, of Augusta, is to 
deliver the oration in Bath before Post Sedgwick, 
Memorial Day. 

'73. — Professor F. C. Robinson has been elected 
President of the Brunswick Public Library Associa- 

'74. — Professor Henry Johnson sailed for Europe 
last Saturday to get new material for the new series 
of Shakespeare's plays of which he is editing. 

'75. — Hon. Seth M. Carter has been certified as 
clerk of the Knight & Hall Hardware Company of 

Ex-'81.— Wallace E. Mason, who has lived since 
leaving college in Thomaston, has gone into business 
in Cardiff', Tenn. The Thomaslon Oazelie speaks 
very highly of his reputation and ability, and pre- 
dicts for him a brilliant future. 



'82. — W. W. Curtis is principal of the Pawtucket 
(R. I.) Higli Scliool. 

'83. — A very popular musical composition for 
male quartette, entitled "Our Soldiers' Graves," 
words by Jones Very, and music by J. A. Crowley, 
has just been published by Oliver Ditson & Co , for 
Memorial Day. Mr. Crowley arranges all the music 
for the college quartette. 

'87. — S. B. Fowler was recently married. 

'87. — C. G. Choate is teaching in the academy at 
Shelbourne Falls, Mass. 

'89. — Daniel E. Owen has been elected a teacher 
in Thornton Academy. 

'89. — M. A. Rice visited the campus recently 
coming down to Mere Point in his yacht Monhegan. 
He proposes to cruise about in her from now till 
October. On one of these trips he will visit New- 
foundland. J. P. Cillej', Jr., is to go as sailing 

'89. — The engagement of Lory Prentis to Miss 
Stearns, of Saco, is announced. 

College Wor^y. 

Friday night, at a meeting of the Boating Com- 
mittee, it was decided to disband the 'Varsity crew. 
It was also voted that Walter Peet and Jasper T. 
Goodwin should be sent as a committee to the con- 
ference between Columbia, the University of Penn- 
sylvania, and Cornell, and inform them of Cohim- 
bra's withdrawal from the race. In case they refuse 
to accept Columbia's retirement, the Freshman crew 
will be entered as the 'Varsity. — Crimson. 

A curious custom at Princeton is that of tbe 
Seniors gathering on the steps of Nas.sua Hall, on 
spring evenings, and singing over their old college 
songs for the delectation of the underclasses, who 
assemble around them. 

The Williams' Seniors have voted to abolish Class 
Day. The reason for this was a hopeless entangle- 
ment of class politics which prevented the election 
of officers. 

Cornell University has abandoned its school of 

Lafayette College has recently received a charter 
of the Phi Beta Kappa, which will be known as the 
Gamma chapter of Pennsylvania. 

There will be a Western Oratorical Association, 
composed of Northwestern University, Cornell, Uni- 
versity of Michigan, and Oberlin. 

McGill University has received an endowment of 
nearly half a million dollars from W. C. McDonald, 
of Montreal. 

The ball nine of the University of Toronto, will 
make a tour through the New England States during 
the present season. 

Yale, Harvard, Princeton, and Columbia, have 
made arrangements for holding entrance examina- 
tions in Paris next year. 

A new weekly paper is about to be issued at Har- 
vard, the chief object of which is to report all uni- 
versit3- lectures and the work done in the scientific 

A new Methodist college, to be known as the Uni- 
versity of the Northwest, has been started at Sioux 
City, la. Three hundred thousand dollars have been 
given to the endowment fund in addition to valuable 
land for the buildings. 

The Class of '91 at Amherst will probably in the 
near future pi-esent a Greek play. 

In the Ohio Wesleyan University there ai'e forty 
societies of various sorts, whicb draw upon the stu- 
dents to the extent of $8,000 annually. 

An effort is being made at Amherst to raise money 
for a Christian Association building. 

President Elliot, of Hai-vard, in his recent annual 
report, expresses himself as emphatically disapprov- 
ing of intercollegiate leagues. 

The next convention of the New England college 
presidents will be held at Wesleyan University. 



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Vol. XX. 


No. 4. 




T. S. Burr, '91, Managing Editor. 
A. T. Brown, '91, Business Editor. 
L. A. Burleigh, '91. E. H. New begin, '91. 

H. S. Chapman, '91. B. D. Kidlon, '91. 

H. "W. Jakvis, '91. F. V. Gummer, '92. 

C. S. F. Lincoln, '91. C. W. Peabody, '93. 

Per annum. In advance, $2.00. 

Single Copies, 15 cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at tlic bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Editor. 

Remittances siiould be made to tlie Business Editor. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be dii-ectcd to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as tiie signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Entered at the Post-Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 


Vol. XX., No. 4.- June 11, 1890. 

Editorial Notes 45 

Miscellaneous : 

Bowdoin vs. Boston Athletes, 47 

'Ninety's Graduation Supper, 47 

Bugle Notes 48 

Exchanges, 49 

Ivy Exercises 49 

Class Races, 49 

In Memorial • 50 

Seniors' Last Cliapel 04 

Ivy Hop 05 

Field-Day Exercises 60 

Presentations in Chapel, 60 

Rhyme and Reason: 

Oracular, 07 

Poe-etic, 67 

To a Telescope, 07 

CoLLEGii Tabula 07 

Athletics, 08 

Personal, 71 

College World, 72 

In presenting the Ivy number of the 
Orient we introduce several innovations. 
The literary exercises in Memorial have been 
published in full, while the customary flow 
of flowery "gush," descriptive of minor 
details, has been omitted. The publication 
in full of the Ivj"- responses has encroached 
somewhat upon the space of the various 
departments, which in consetpience have 
been made briefer than usual. We introduce 
these changes for the purpose of giving the 
Junior class, and those of the other classes 
who wish it, a more complete souvenir of 
the Ivy exercises, and trust that the change 
will be appreciated by the students in gen- 
eral. There is no better way of showing 
your appreciation than by calling around and 
relieving us of two or three extra copies, 
thus aiding in defraying the expense of this 
large edition. 

TPHE report circulated in several of the 
A newspapers to the effect that our cox- 
swain did not steer a direct course in the 
Bowdoin-B. A. A. race, at Boston, Memorial 
Day, is a misrepresentation, and we desire to 
correct it through the columns of the Orient. 
There was considerable drift-wood in the 
river on the morning of the race, making it 



impossible to steer a perfectly straight course 
without running a risk of injuring the boat. 
In order to avoid the larger pieces of drift- 
wood, which had floated down from above, 
it was necessary to take a somewhat deviat- 
ing course. Additional credit is due Mr. 
Shaw for the manner in which he took the 
shell through the foul water, and additional 
credit to Bowdoin for winning the race under 
rather unfavorable circumstances. 

THE last number of the Bates Student 
publishes a lengthy editorial in which 
the Orient is accused of gross misrepre- 
sentation of facts in regard to the treatment 
of the Bowdoin athletes, at the hands of 
Bates men, on the occasion of the athletic 
exhibition at Lewiston, some time ago. The 
Student claims that the Bates men had 
nothing whatever to do with the disturbance ; 
that the number of Bates men in attendance 
was small, and that only a small minority of 
those present occupied seats in the gallery 
whence the disturbance proceeded. If 
these statements are true, and we hope for 
the sake of our Bates friends that this is the 
case, then the Orient has been guilty of 
misrepresentation. It seems strange, how- 
ever, that not only our athletes, but repre- 
sentatives of the Lewiston Journal who are 
thoroughly acquainted with Bates, and who 
were present at the exhibition, should have 
made so strange a mistake in the identity of so 
characteristic an object as the average Bates 
man. A college that would send a delegation 
of hoodlums to insult the base-ball team of 
a neighboring institution upon its own 
grounds; a college that would permit 
representatives of its student-body, and 
of their " mucker " constituency, to stone 
and throw mud at a rival base-ball team 
on its way to the hotel from the col- 
lege grounds, would naturally be expected 
to insult and maltreat representatives of 
any branch of college athletics coming from 

a rival institution. Our athletes are to be 
congratulated that the students of Bates 
and their Lincoln Street allies, did not see 
fit to assail them with mud, or even to mob 
them outright, as they came out of the hall 
after the entertainment. 

TT7HE end of the base-ball season is at hand. 
-"■ Colby has won the pennant, Bates will 
have the opportunity of crying " base-ball " 
at us for another year, while Bowdoin and 
Maine State College are contented to nestle 
down together at the foot of the list as in 
days of yore. We congratulate our victo- 
rious rivals on their success upon the base- 
ball field. Colby has worked faithfully, 
played good ball, and undoubtedlj' deserves 
the laurels she has won. It is much easier 
to hold an autopsy over the corpse of our 
expectations and find out too late what has 
caused the demise, than to look into the 
case beforehand and apply the proverbial 
ounce of prevention. Without doubt sev- 
eral of our games have been sacrificed by a 
lack of proper coaching of base runners. A 
notable example of this was the last game in 
the Colby series. In this game Bowdoin 
clearly outplayed her opponents at every 
other point, but it is sending men across the 
home plate that wins ball games, and this we 
were unable to do. This evil should be rem- 
edied another season. While coaching for 
the sake of amusing the audience is to be 
condemned, yet conducted in a proper way 
it is of vital importance in playing the game. 
The Orient is still a firm believer in the 
efficacy of proper training. A man cannot 
at the same time abuse his system and put 
up a good game of ball. . While several of 
our defeats may be directly attributed to 
insufficient coaching of men on bases, late 
hours and loose habits have certainly played 
a conspicuous part in our want of success. 
Until our men are ready to put themselves 
in the best possible condition, and remain so 
during the base-ball season, Bowdoin will be 



handicapped in the race for the pennant, and 
may as well give up all aspirations in that 

INTEREST is at present centered in the 
Bowdoin-Cornell race, to be rowed at 
Ithaca, June 18th. The race on the Charles, 
Memorial Day, proved conclusively that the 
Maine boys are a strong crew, and one well 
worthy to represent a college so pre-eminent 
in boating as our. If successful at Cornell, 
eternal glory will be Bowdoin's portion. If 
the race is lost, we shall have the satisfaction 
of knowing that while everything was to be 
gained by victory, Bowdoin had nothing to 
lose by defeat. 

TlfHE absence of the boating and base-ball 
^ men from the Field-Day contests was 
most unfortunate for Bowdoin, as many of 
the low records will testify. While the 
muddy track would undoubtedly have pre- 
vented any great records from being made, 
yet the general average would have been 
much higher, and a more favorable impres- 
sion of Bowdoin athletics would have been 
given to outsiders. 

Bowdoin vs. Boston Athletics. 

Bowdoin Wins Her Initial Race by One and One- 
Half Lengths. 

TITHE first eight-oared race in which a Bow- 
A doin crew ever figured, was rowed in 
Boston on the Charles River, Memorial Day. 
Never was there a more perfect day for a 
regatta. The surface of the water was un- 
ruffled and, save the obstruction of a small 
amount of drift-wood on one side of the Bow- 
doin course, everything was most favorable for 
the race. An unclouded sky had brought 
out an unusually large number of spectators, 
and when the rival crews stepped into the 

shells and turned their course down the 
river toward the starting point, an expect- 
ant crowd extending from the Union boat- 
house, along the stone abutments, and lining 
the new Harvard bridge, stood expectant 
and eager for the start. At 10.15 the whistle 
from the judge's steamer, which had accom- 
panied the racers to the starting point, an- 
nounced that the contest had begun. The 
Athletics got away first, and, taking a lead, 
held it until the third spurt, when Bowdoin 
quickened her stroke, and forging ahead 
under the bridge, put clear water between 
the two shells, and secured the advantage 
that won the race. The contest down the 
home stretch was close and exciting. The 
Athletics were in it to the finish, but the 
Bowdoin boys were determined to make their 
first victory a decisive one, and steadily 
placed blue water between the flying 
shells. As the two boats crossed the line 
Bowdoin led her opponent by a length 
and a half, while a lusty " B-o-w-d-o-i-n " 
from her supporters upon the shore pro- 
claimed the white a winner, in the first 
eight-oared race in which she had ever par- 

'Ninety's Graduation Supper. 

0N the night of June 3, 1890, 'Ninety 
fed. The alarm was short, but was so 
sharply sounded by the committee that 
nearljr all were there. Only those finally 
loosed from the college stanchel, who have 
slain the last Prof, and successfully classified 
the last presented fossils as belonging to the 
species of dinotheria — terrible beasts — can 
realize how exceedingly appropriate a little 
feed appears. For the man who has been 
laboring in scrawly note-books upon " Beo- 
wulf," Hobbes' " Leviathan," and other bar- 
barities, merely with a view to his personal 
salvation, now feels like applying the prin- 
ciples of modern ethics and expanding him- 
self a little amongst the universal. He and 



Ms classmates instinctively pursue the course 
marked out by a year of ethics and seek 
the complete realization of themselves by a 
mingling of spirits. (There can be no 
ethical misinterpretation here.) In no way 
could this be better done, in no way could 
class ties be more fitly celebrated than by a 

Accordingly 'Ninety kept up the custom 
and at eleven p.m. was found seated, thirty- 
three in number, about the Tontine board. 
The viands and service of Landlord Nichols 
were of the usual excellence, and all his 
accommodations were cheering. Good feel- 
ing ran high at the foot of the table, nor 
did it, contrary to what might have been 
expected, Mull down a particle at the head. 
Although everybody partook most heartily 
not a single pang of mulligrubs was experi- 
enced by any one. This is an unusual thing, 
'Ninety being perhaps the first class entirely 
free from the disorder. This fact is largely 
attributed to the felicitious manner in which 
Toastmaster H. C. Royal of Auburn alluded 
to the supreme happiness of the occasion 
and introduced the various speakers. 

The responses, possessing the soul of wit 
and the germs of eloquence, were roundly 

At a late hour the class adjourned to the 
hotel '''parlor where songs and sociability 
were indulged in, and the usual business 
transacted, after which all hands sought the 
campus, gave the customary class and col- 
lege cheers, and separated to dream hard of 
the next reunion. 

Bugle Notes. 

Comments and Ceiticism from Last Year's Board. 

yiTHE appearance of the '91 Bugle ap- 
^ proaches nearly enough the ideal of 
what such a work should be. It is a bright, 
clear, good-looking book outside and in, 
fulfills its mission in furnishing the requisite 

information on college and society matters, 
and in reflecting the gleams and sparks of 
jovial college life, bubbles and effervesces 
with pungent student gas, but in all is 
moulded in choicest modesty and guilded 
with circumspection. Its virtues may be 
called well developed, and its faults sevei'ely 
shrunken. The class and college which 
supports it can take naught but satisfaction 
in so doing. 

Among the noteworthy features the class 
photogravure is especially appropriate for a 
work of the kind, and will give it a peculiar 
and permanent value to those financially 
concerned. The same may be said in a 
looser and broader sense of the other photo- 
gravures, such as the "Tug-o'-War Team," 
and the " Foot-Ball Team." In the " Coming 
Faculty" picture an especially darling hit 
was made — one, in fact, that will endear the 
Bugle to all feminine hearts, which is surely 
a point worth capturing. It also establishes 
a basis for the perpetuity of the '91 Bugle's 
popularity with future generations. 

" Bowdoinensia Memorabilia " is an inter- 
esting innovation, particularly the " Noted 
Alumni" list. By including other names 
of national reputation, however, the list 
might have been considerably extended 
without unduly lowering its quality — and it 
would seem better if this had been done. 

While the number of uproarious slugs is 
not great, at least some of them possess 
fiavor and weight. In its entirety the work 
will raise the moral tone of the college and 
of the Junior Class, and, we believe, will 
wilt the financial stamina of none. 

At the intercollegiate games at Berkeley oval. 
Harvard won the new Mott Haven cup with 32 points ; 
Yale was second, with 284, and Princeton third, with 
24. The following night the students of Harvard 
celebrated, and literally painted the campus red. 

The necessary $400,000 has been raised to secure 
J. I. Rockefeller's gift of $000,000 towards the found- 
ing of a new university at Chicago. 





Her hair with sunsliine laden, 

Her rosy clieelis aflame, 
She is as sweet a maiden 

As ever watched a game. 

The score is tied ! The crisis 

Is just about to come, 
Wlien — great and gracious Isis! — 

Tlie maiden starts for liome. 

Her hair with sunshine laden, 

Her cheelis aflame may be. 
And yet I fear tliis maiden 

Is not the girl for me. 

— Bninonian. 

The Michigan Argonaut, in its issue of May 24th, 
gives an interesting table showing the views of the 
Senior classes in the leading American colleges, on 
the tariff question. It gives Bovvdoin seventeen for 
protection, nine for tariff reform, and five for free 

The Southern Collegian is a finely gotten up maga- 
zine, and compares very favorably with the literary 
magazines of the Northern and Eastern colleges. 
The April number contains a clever delineation of the 
"Man About College," and a fairly good story, enti- 
tled "It is Omnipotent." 

The Wesleyan Argus is a bright, interesting 
paper with good, forcible editorials. The only part 
that can be criticised is its local department, which 
appears to an outsider as very inadequate. 

Lasell Leaves is at hand again, and is as refresh- 
ing as ever. It is feminine right through, and in 
its sphere yields the palm to none of its sister publi- 
cations. The May number contains in its editorials 
a melancholy plaint on the space given in college 
journals to base-ball, and expresses a faint hope that 
in the future they will devote more attention to 
wooing the Muses than they do now. 

The Yale Record is as funny as formerly, and it 
would be trite to say that it is a welcome visitor. 

Tlie Chronicle appears in a new dress. The gen- 
eral appearance of the sheet is about the same as 
before, as the color and make-up are unchanged. 

The Wittenberger is quite a creditable sheet for a 
college of the size that it represents, but it has a 
marked tendency towards heavy, philosophical 
essays. The April issue totters under two prize 
orations and theological dissertations. 

Ivy J)ay. 

""ULL Wednesday morning the sun kept ap- 
1^ pearing at intervals through the clouds, 
and it seemed probable that the sky would 
eventually clear up and leave bright and 
pleasant weather for the afternoon exercises. 
The clouds continued to gather, however, and 
by two o'clock a steady rain storm had set 
in. First in order were 


The strong wind which was blowing 
roughened the water to a considerable extent, 
and rendered it impossible to make very 
good time. At ten o'clock the 'varsity eight 
marched down to the float in their pretty 
uniforms of maroon and white, bearing aloft 
their handsome new shell. They took their 
regular three-mile practice spin around the 
island, pulling in fine form and eliciting much 
favorable comment from the large crowd of 
spectators which lined the banks. They 
looked swarthy and muscular, and pulled a 
quick, vigorous, business-like stroke. Owing 
to the strong wind and rough water, the time 
was not nearly as good as has been made on 
several previous occasions. 

Of course the interest centered in the 
class race. From every one of the nurwerous 
turn-outs fluttered the colors of one of the 
contesting classes, close to society and col- 
lege colors. 

The '93 crew "first made their appearance 
in showy uniforms of orange and black, 
and pulled leisurely down the river to the 
starting jjlace. Their classmates gave them 
a heartjr send-off with the oft-repeated class 
yell : " Zour Ka Rah De Ki ! Zour Ka Rah 
De Ki ! Zour Ka Rah, Zour Ka Rah, Bow- 
doin, '93 ! " 

The '92 crew came next, dressed in garnet 
and white. They rowed down the river in 
good form, while their supporters were en- 



gaged in shouting: "'Rah, 'Rah, Hoorah ! 
Bowdoin, 'Rah, 'Rah! Duo Kai Enena- 

The '91 crew were the last to make their 
appearance. They were dressed in cardinal 
and slate. The '91 men managed to get con- 
siderable noise out of their class yell: 
" 'Rah, 'Rah, 'Rah, 'Rah ! Second to None ! 
Eta, Theta, Kappa, Lambda, Bowdoin, 
'91 ! " 

The course was a mile straight away from 
the barn on Cow Island. D. M. Cole, '88, 
acted as starter, Brown, '85, as referee, and 
Professor Lee as judge. The '93 crew had 
the inside course, '92 the middle, and '91 the 
outside. The advantage of position lay with 
'93. At about twent}'- minutes to eleven 
o'clock the pistol was fired, and the crews 
caught the water, '93 losing over a length at 
the start. The '91 crew took the lead and 
were heading the procession by about a couple 
of lengths, when most unfortunately Newbe- 
gin's outrigger broke, throwing '91 com- 
pletely out of the race. Up to this time she 
had been momentarily increasing her lead, 
and although she would have been somewhat 
handicapped by the rough water and the 
wind beyond Cow Island, it is probable that 
but for this accident she would have secured 
a lead sufficient to ensure a good position at 
the finish. 'Ninety-two now led and took 
'93's course until within a short distance of 
the bridge, when the Freshmen made a mag- 
nificent spurt, closely hugging the shore, and 
the race was finished with '93 half a length 
in the van. The finish was the prettiest con- 
test seen here for years, and for the first time 
in the history of boat racing at Bowdoin, a 
Freshman crew had won the class race on its 
merits. The happy '93 men marched up 
through Main Street in a body, giving their 
class yell and spelling the names of the victo- 
rious oarsmen. Following is the make-up of 
•the several crews: 


Age. Weight. Height. 

Bow— Mahoney 23 150 lbs. 5 feet 10 inches. 

No. 2— Munsey 21 156 lbs. 5 foet 7i inches. 

No. 3— P.C.Newbegin. 21 147 lbs. 6 feet. 
Stroke— Horne 23 166 lbs. 5 feet 9 inches. 


Age. Weight. Height. 

Bow— R. F. Bartlett. . 20 153 lbs. 6 feet 7 inches. 

No. 2— J. D. Merriman. 22 130 lbs. 5 feet 7h inches. 

No. 3— Nichols 19 149 lbs. 6 feet 94 inches. 

Stroke— Poor 22 158 lbs. 6 feet 10 inches. 


Age. Weight. Height. 

Bow— E. T. Ridley. . . 17 160 lbs. 5 feet 10 inches. 

No. 2— May 18 147 lbs. 5 feet 7 inches. 

No. 3— Hatch 20 140 lbs. 5 feet 5 inches. 

Stroke— L. Stacy. ... 19 145 lbs. 6 feet 6 inches. 


The wet weather did not dampen the 
general interest in the Ivy exercises, and by 
three o'clock every seat in Memorial Hall 
was filled. Shortly afterwards the class of 
'91 filed in, dressed in caps and gowns, and 
headed by their Marshal, Mr. J. M. Hastings. 
They made a fine appearance, forming a long, 
straight line, and keeping step to the strains 
of the Salem Cadet Band. They marched in 
perfect form to their seats on the stage, 
giving an exhibition never excelled by any 
class, and one which elicited the hearty 
applause of the audience. 

Men and Methods of Education, Past and Present. 
Br A. T. Brown. 
From the lecture platform and in leading periodi- 
cals the statement is frequently made that the men of 
to-day are far superior in body and mind to those of 
ancient times. In the next town, possibly the same 
lecturer, or in the next number of the periodical the 
same author may set forth exactly opposite views 
(if money matters are an object and other circum- 
stances of minor importance permit), how the men 
of to-day are far inferior in body and mind to their 
ancestors. Strong arguments are brought forward 
by the advocates of each side, or by the advocate who 



has few ideas of his own and is prepared and willing 
to take up the cross for either standard. 

It is not my desire to attempt a scholarlj' discourse 
in order to show that the views of one side outweigh 
those of the other, but rather to present, as they occur, 
the facts of either side. The object of this article is 
expressed by the following words of George Evans, 
spoken in a famous lawsuit: "Let us come down 
from the hazy atmosphere of doubt and conjecture, 
for we have matters of reality and facts to deal 

That famous and seemingly superhuman deeds 
have been performed in past ages is well known to 
all. It is therefore evident that men of great ability 
must have lived during past centuries. 

It will not be out of place to consider briefly, at 
this point, the intellectual capacity, the physical 
development, and skill of the men of that time. To 
trace man from the typical cell of his origin through 
the long series of evolution will not be attempted. 
Starting from the mythological period, for that age 
is especially associated with the names and exploits 
of mighty heroes, let us for a moment bring before 
our minds their deeds and superior knowledge in 
certain branches, and observe tlie contrast between 
that age and the present. 

We read of famous physicians who had the power 
to cure the sick, heal the lame, and of even making 
mortal life eternal. If in our own time there are 
physicians who can fulfill any of these requirements, 
I consider myself extremely unfortunate in never 
having made their acquaintance, further than reading 
the advertisements of their patent medicines. 

We read of famous musicians, as Orpheus, who 
could produce harmony so sweet that the rocks and 
trees and all nature would follow in his footsteps. 
This power of moving nature has not been entirely 
lost since that time, for from experience many can 
doubtless atBrm that some local musicians have the 
power of moving rocks and trees, but in the opposite 
direction from the sound. 

The women of mythology are pictured as either 
lovely beyond description or horrible be3'ond imagina- 
tion — qualities, and especially the latter, surely found 
in ages besides the mythological. 

Every nation points with pride to the men she has 
produced. Ancient Greece can boast of men famous 
as statesmen, in science, literature, and art. In 
architecture Greece has never had an equal. Her 
massive buildings and works of sculpture are always 
associated with the sublime and beautiful. The 
modern mechanic only hopes to attain, but never 
dreams of surpassing the ancient creations of Grecian 
art. Their power of endurance, their love of liberty 

and of their native land, their knowledge and skill 
in warfare, is shown by those who fought superior 
numbers on the field of Marathon, and their true 
courage by those who died in the pass at Ther- 
mopylee. The poems of Homer will ever be a mon- 
ument of true genius. Herodotus will ever be ranked 
among the foremost historians of the world. Thucyd- 
ides will never be forgotten by those who ever tried 
to read his history. 

Rome, majestic, towei-ing far above the nations 
of her day, symbol of might and power, has been the 
home of some of the world's most famous men. 
Cicero since his time has had no superior. Rome, 
and Rome alone, can boast a Julius Cassar. The 
ancients certainly possessed considerable knowledge 
of electricity, magnetism, and astronomy. One noted 
authority has gone so far as to declare that railroads 
were in use some centuries before the Christian era. 
The truth of this no one is prepared either to affirm 
or deny. 

The Egyptian pyramids remind one of a mighty 
nation which had been mouldering in the dust ages 
before; the sack of Troy or the time when the ancient 
Roman poet sang his verses to the sweet-flowing 
Tiber. They were as great a mystery to the Greeks 
as they are to us. Engineers in every generation 
have attempted to solve the problem how the massive 
stones were put in place. Many theories have been 
advanced, and one engineer of modern times, in 
despair for a better explanation, thinks they were 
built from the top downward. 

Taking into consideration the above facts (and 
many others might be mentioned), it is no wonder 
that some people speak of human degeneracy. 

At every age in the world's history there have 
been those who sigh for the good old times in the 
days gone by. They point to the various professions 
and heap words of praise on men of past generations 
who have become illustrious, and compare them with 
the men of the present in the same profession, who 
have never had the time or the opportunity of making 
a reputation. 

A great deal is said of the corruption of the times. 
Our politicians are accused of fraud and deceit. 
Reformers call for honesty and a better policy. They 
claim that statesmen equal to Webster, Clay, or Cal- 
houn no longer occupy seats in Congress. The story 
of Daniel Webster hanging a scythe in an apple tree 
is told by every parent and teacher in the land, as 
showing his dislike for manual labor. One case that 
came under my own observation, which shows the 
knowledge of some who weep for i-eform, was a 
country school teacher who told her scholars, that if 
it hadn't been for Daniel Webster's hanging a scythe 



in a tree (she had forgotten at the time whether it 
was an oak or an apple, but she said it made no 
material difference), he perhaps would never have 
become a great man and written the dictionary. 

Many, in criticising the times, forge! that great- 
ness and glory are due in a large measure to circum- 
stances. Had it not been for the Revolution the 
name of George Washington, perhaps, would never 
have been known. Had it not been for the late 
Rebellion the names of Grant, of Lee, or of " Stone- 
wall" Jackson could never have been national. 

One obstacle falls in our path which is hard to 
remove. The believers in human degeneracy ask, 
Have we writers, especially of the English language, 
living, who can compare with those who flourished 
generations ago, and whose names and works will be 
handed down till the day of judgment as having 
found no equal, and to their credit all the beauties of 
the language which the English-speaking people 
enjoy to-day? 

It is true that all the great writers did not live 
in one age, but whei'e is the man living who dares 
to place his name by the side of Milton's, of Byron's, 
Bacon's, or of Shakespeare's? The pojiular writer 
of the present is he who can excite his readers, 
cause their blood to curdle and send through their 
systems, as it were, the chill of death. 

The dime museum is becoming more popular 
day by day. The excitement over a good tragedian 
in a play of Shakespeare's is by no means as intense 
as it was in the days of Edmund Kean, William 
Macready, Edwin Forrest, and Junius Brutus Booth. 
Facts which, taken by themselves, surely prove that 
writers and actors fall far short of the high standard 
attained in the past. The demand for cheaper plays 
may explain why there are so many second-rate 
actors, but nothing only lack of literary genius can 
solve the problem of cheaper writers. 

Circumstances, as already stated, have often made 
the man. Poverty has been the fountain of some of 
the world's greatest poems and dram&s. Poverty is 
found not in the past alone. True literary genius 
can hardly be named as existing in the present. 

Thus great changes take place within a few gen- 
erations. Many people who have not yet reached 
their threescore years and ten speak of the corrup- 
tion, which they say has taken place within their 
own time and extol beyond the reach of the North 
Star or the Southern Cross the deeds that they did 
when they were young, who evidently are of the 
opinion that when their life's work is done, departs 
from earth all that is good and holy. They tell of 
their love for knowledge ; how in obtaining their 
education they were obliged to work twenty-four 

hours in a day to defray their expenses. Their 
mental vigor was not less than their physical. Cir- 
cumstances would sometimes compel them to pre- 
pare their lessons for the day while at their work. 
Many a student would cobble shoes with his book 
before him. 

One student of that time, very enthusiastic, a 
member of a university not situated within the limits 
of the State of Maine, noted for his modesty, who, 
in his own estimation, has no superior in the genera- 
tion in which he lives, delights in telling the story 
how he defrayed all his expenses by chopping wood. 
He was often so pressed for time that he did some 
most difiicult problems while swinging an axe with 
one hand and holding Calculus in the other. He 
even says that he seldom missed compulsory chapel 
exercises which were held at five o'clock in the 
morning, but which now are held three hours later 
and are not compulsory. 

It is a matter of regret that these men who were 
so wonderful in their younger days have failed to 
acquire success or renown in their older. The term 
bill of these men, when students, contained many 
petty charges which would appear absurd to-day. 
The charge for liquor would sometimes be consider- 
able. One man at that time won the respect of his 
fellow-students because his liquor bill was a few 
shillings less than the amount allowed, and with this 
he had added to his small library a Bible. 

In the present time, although the charges for 
Bibles may not be secret, the charge for liquor is 
never sent home with the term bill. 

The older people who still believe in the strict 
Puritanical principles of a century ago have much 
fault to find with the way in which religious matters 
are conducted. Ministers in their time would work 
all the week and preach on the Sabbath, as they say, 
scholarly and interesting sermons. The minister's 
requisites were honesty, modesty, and lack of self- 

Now they claim that everything depends on de- 
nominations, and whatever view a man takes for his 
.soul's salvation there is always some one denomina- 
tion which fits his case exactly, and says he's right 
while the others condemn him and say he's wrong. 

Independence is characteristic of the present; 
dependence of the past. The words of Thomas 
Wentworth, Earl of Strafford, when he heard that 
King Chai'les had signed the bill for his execution, 
should always have great weight in our minds: 
"Put not your trust in princes, nor in the sons of 
men, for in them is no salvation." 

It is unnecessary to speak of the virtues of the 
present — we hear of those in great abundance, for no 



one is backward in telling of the good qualities 
which he possesses. 

Considering both the good and evil, may we, 
like the good Israelite who was deaf, dumb, blind, 
and lame be thankful for the blessings we have 
and long for those we have not, remembering that 
the poet sings in regard to the past that 

"Something beautiful is vauislieil. 
And we sigli for it In vain ; 
We behold it everywhere. 
On the earth and in the air. 
But it never comes again." 
Whether we are born too early or too late may 
we strive to make this age in which we live the most 
glorious in the world's history, striving to do all in 
our power to serve our country, our fellow-men, and 
our God. 

After a third selection by tiie band, tlie 
President announced the 

By L. a. Burleigh. 
Omniscient Providence purged the human blood 
By drowning all the wicked in the flood. 

But Noah and his family were left 
To populate the earth, of men bereft. 

And then was shown beneficence sublime : 
Poets came not 'till after Noah's time. 

For Noah's line of offspring wasn't small 
And he was sire and patriai'ch of them all. 

Japheth and Shem and Ham were sons of Noah 
And they, in turn, had sons, a score or more. 

Think of the wretched lot of this poor man 
Had poets first arisen in his clan. 

For Noah, as the father of them all, 
Must act as critic of each poet's scrawl. 

Imagine Noah seated in his tent 
Beseiged with poets to a sad extent. 

First Gush approaches with a sharp lampoon. 
Close followed by his " Sonnet to the Moon." 

Then Magog reads, with divers love-sick sighs, 
A poem on his cousin's glorious eyes. 

And Meshech's wife has just composed a sonnet 
To swap with father Noah for a bonnet. 

Canaan inscribes an ode to poor humanity 
Whose lines reveal the fact that " all is vanity ! " 

Now Noah was but human, as we know, 
And subject to the faults that humans show. 

Had he been forced to be these rude bards' critic 
He'd felt, at times, like taking an emetic. 

And when the winter's cold had worn away. 
And " gentle spring" become the poet's lay. 

We must confess to having some anxiety 
Concerning the effect on Noah's piety. 

And had good Noah fallen then from grace. 
The flood would sure have washed away our race. 

Such would have been the ease before the flood, 
So that the lack of poets worked for good. 

But when once more the earth with mortals teems, 
A change conies o'er the spirit of men's dreams. 

The quickened growth of man's refined perception 
At length accords the Muse a good reception. 

And from that time until the present day 
The world has fairly judged the poet's lay. 

Homer, Virgil, and many another ancient, 
Were deemed to be in poetry proficient ; 

And coming down the line to modern times 
We find that Pope and Byron make good rhymes. 

Dryden and Milton, Scott and Tennyson, 
Have wooed and won the Muse's benison. 

Conspicuous in all this vast array 
Stands the distinguished bard of Ivy Day. 

As on my pinnacle of fame I stand, 
I look about and see on every hand 

Faces expressing ecstasy, and ears 

In which my honeyed accent close adheres. 

Remember that when Poe wrote his description 
Of his great "Raven," and of its conception, 

The article produced a great sensation 
And gave to many people delectation. 

And so shall I, proceeding by analogy, 
Attempt to tell you, without more apology. 

How, from the germs of thought within my ken, 
There grew this product of a master's pen. 

The poet's most important task, I deem. 
Is the selection of a fitting theme. 



" An easy thing," I thought, in best of faith, 
" Since I must follow one well-beaten path." 

Wockwumpum was the name one sachem bore. 
Whose daughter counted lovers by the score. 

The well-known law to which I thus referred 
Was one of which, most likely, you have heard. 

For Nature had been kind to Hahniyahm 
And given the maiden every winning charm. 

It tells the Ivy bard who seeks a theme 
That legends only must be used by him. 

But the unhappy damsel loved a brave 

Whose very name made old Wockwumpum rave ; 

And truth to tell, if we the list surveyed, 
We'd find no poet who had disobeyed. 

For Bukadawin chanced to be the son 

Of old Wockwumpum's rival — Puggawun. 

Patterning, then, by those who'd gone before, 
I searched my shelves for legendary lore. 

Of course the lovers did not fail to prove 
That each was conscious of the other's love. 

A vague idea of what I wished to find 
Was ever present in ray poet's mind. 

And this they did by secret interview 
Where often they their ardent vows renew. 

Oft, in my quest, I came across a tale 
About some Grecian lover, thin and pale, 

And yet it ever seemed as if 'twere fated 
Their marriage rites should ne'er be celebrated. 

Whose perfect bliss there's naught that seems to 

Except the veto of his sweetheart's pa. 

According to all legend evolutions 
The case admits of only two solutions : 

For Bukadawin would have been afraid 
To ask Wockwumpum for the darling maid. 

Long years of strife had steeled Wockwumpum's 

heart ; 
His bitter hatred would not soon depart. 

The pining lovers either sadly sigh 
And sighing, cry, and lastly crying, die. 

And so the case is parallel, as yet. 
To that of Romeo and his Juliet. 

Or else, like moderns, they no longer mope. 
But brave the pater's ire, and elope. 

At length old Puggawun a battle planned 
And lay in ambush for Wockwumpum's band. 

In every case, conforming to the creed. 
The legend with this formula agreed. 

Young Bukadawin saw his opportunity 
To wed fair Hahniyahm with all immunity. 

But when I'd read the Ivy poems o'er 

I'd find the theme had oft been used before. 

The principle was known in these old broils 
That to the victor belong all the spoils. 

Again my search for legends I would make ; 
From many an ancient tome the dust I'd shake. 

Could he but seize the damsel in the strife 
He'd every right to keep her for his wife. 

Some of the tales I found are good examples 
Of all the list. I give a few brief samples : 

One morn the braves of Puggawun arise ; 
Wockwumpum's bands are taken by surprise. 

The first concerns two lovers, as before. 
But now the scene is not on Grecian shore. 

Wockwumpum boldly galloped to the front 
And left his darling daughter in his tent. 

'Tis laid among the forests of the West 
Beyond the Mississippi's mighty breast. 

This Bukadawin saw, and like a flash 
Into the camp he made a daring dash. 

In 3-ears gone by, there lived in fierce hostility 
Two Indian sachems of renowned ability 

Right to the tent he galloped, then leaped down, 
Impatient to receive the victor's crown. 

In all relating to the arts of war. 

In lifting scalps they'd no competitor. 

He drew aside the folds and inward glanced, 
Then stood there motionless, like one entranced. 



For Hahniyahm was sleeping there within, 
Unconscious of the distant battle's din. 

Her lips, her cheeks, her wealth of raven hair 
Enchanted Bukadawin, gazing there. 

Her head was pillowed on her rounded arm ; 
Peaceful she slept, unmindful of all harm. 

And Bukadawin could have gazed for aye, 
But well he knew that foes were drawing nigh. 

So gently he grasped the sleeper's arm : 

" Awake, my life ! Awake, sweet Hahniyahm ! " 

The maiden woke, and in her lustrous eyes 
There beamed the pleasant light of glad surprise. 

Her lover led her to his prancing steed. 
And off they flew, with e'er increasing speed. 

When firstthissight met old Wockwumpum's eye 
The forest echoed with his fearful cry. 

Out from the woods he sped across the plain, 
The hot blood surging in his every vein. 

And now began a race for love and life. 
To win a daughter or to win a wife. 

Just as they reach the Mississippi vast 
Young Bukadawin's mustang breathes his last. 

On the steep clifif the loving couple stand 

And gaze with awe below, hand joined in hand. 

Wockwumpum's steed is getting very near ; 
The crisis, it is plain, must soon appear. 

The lovers mingle in a last embrace. 
Resolved that they shall perish in that place. 

They wave adieu to the pursuing brave 
And leap together to their watery grave. 

A plash, a ripple, and the thing is o'er; 
The river flows serenely as before. 

The legend tells that each successive year 
The spirits of the maid and youth appear. 

And many a man has seen, with bated breath, 
These phantom lovers leap unto their death. 

The place, of which you may have heard before. 
Is called the " Lovers' Leap." Maine has a score. 

" With this fine tale," I thought, "I have no fears 
But that I'll move my audience to tears." 

And yet my hopes were disappointed sore ; 
They'd used the same idea six times before. 

Again ray quest for legends I pursued. 

O'er countless books of ancient lore I'd brood. 

A tale I found, which any one would say 
Was eminently fit for Ivy Day. 

Right in the fairest spot of sunny Spain 
Stands the Alhambra, on Granada's plain. 

Around it, hills and mountains form the scene. 
With lovely valleys running in between. 

Flowers and fruits of every kind are found 
Upon the plain that girts Granada round. 

The atmosphere is mild and pleasant there ; 
Delicious dreaminess pervades the air. 

And, from its height, majestic and serene, 
Alhambra overlooks the charming scene. 

Thither it chanced, one pleasant summer's day. 
An aged pilgrim took his weary way. 

His hair and beard were long and snowy white, 
While from his eyes there beamed a kindly light. 

He reached the top when day commenced to wane. 
And gazed about on fair Granada's plain. 

The sun sank slowly downward in the west 
And with its mellow light the region blest. 

Moved by the sight, the pilgrim softly cries : 
" This is indeed an earthly Paradise. 

"Jerusalem itself would seem but plain 
Contrasted with the beauty of this scene. 

" 'Tis fitting that in this delightful spot 

I plant the mystic seed which I have brought." 

Then to Alhambra's gates he took his way 
And reached the fortress at the close of day. 

He gained admittance to its lofty halls. 
But scarcely had he stepped inside the walls 

When a strange sickness, sudden and severe. 
Apprised the pilgrim that his end was near. 

" Summon for me the Moorish king ! " he cried. 
And soon the king was standing by his side. 

"I charge you, sire," he said, with failing breath, 
" To plant this seed, close following my death. 



" Plant it beside this very citadel 
And guard its tender infancy full well. 

" For from this mystic seed a vine shall spring 
Of which great poets will divinely sing. 

"Legend, romance, and allegory fine 

Shall cluster round the tendrils of this vine." 

The pilgrim breathed his last ; his will was done. 
The seed took growth, and, favored by the sun, 

Developed leaf and branch, and then, in fine, 
Turned out to be our famous Ivy vine. 

I found that if this tale I should unfold 
'Twould make the thirteenth time it had been 

As far back in my life as I remember 
I've known thirteen as an unlucky number. 

So once again my weary task began 

And page on page of legends I would scan. 

Egypt, Chaldea, and Assyria, 
Sparta and Thebes and Ethiopia, 

Memphis and Palestine, Japan, 
Iceland, Greenland, Rome, Afghanistan, 

The Oyclades and Persia and Bohemia, 
Corinth, Gaul, Siberia, and Bolivia, 

China and El Dorado and Peru, 
Italy, England, Greece, and Mexico, 

Alaska, Scandinavia, and Arcadia, 
In fact all places in the cyclopedia — 

The legends of these countries I would read 
To find a subject which would fill my need. 

I read about the vikings and King Coles, 
And all about the flowing wassail-bowls ; 

About Atlantis and its wretched plight ; 
About King Arthur and his wondrous might; 

But every ounce of legendary loie 

Had been employed by those who'd gone before. 

The fearful truth came home in its totality: 
My last resort must be originality. 

My theme 's the fruit of sweet and ihonghtful 

hours ; 
Its title is 


When to this life a noble friend 
His last farewell has said, 
How sweet a thing it is to send 
A wreath where lovely flowers blend 
And feel that nothing can transcend 
Your tribute to the dead. 

Four months ago, my classmates dear, 
A friend was called away ; 
A noble youth, upright, sincere, 
The mem'ry of whose pure career 
Shall linger 'midst his fellows here 
Forever and for aye. 

The floral tributes that were made 
By those who loved him dear 
Were earthly tokens which will fade. 
And yet a lesson they conveyed 
Which it is best should be obeyed 
By all his fellows here. 

There is a river, deep and wide. 
But hid from mortal view. 
Along whose swiftly flowing tide 
We're drifting, classmates, side by side. 
Drifting in barks which smoothly glide. 
The sky serene and blue. 

The morning of our voyage was fair; 
Through pleasant scenes we sped. 
Our college is a harbor where 
We float at anchor, free from care. 
Recruit our forces, and prepare 
To brave the storms ahead. 

We've reached the point in our career 

Where it is well to stay 

And note the clouds, which, in a 3'ear, 

On our horizon may appear. 

Although it now seems bright and clear 

As we its bounds survey. 

Some, it may be, are well content 
To drift adown the tide. 
In idle dreams their time is spent. 
Their minds on present joys intent. 
Their barks, devoid of management, 
In aimless fashion glide. 

They stop at each alluring sjjot 
And rest 'neath shady bowers. 
It seems, indeed, a happy lot, 
But in reality it is not. 
Duty and honor are forgot 
In culling these gay flowers. 



Too soon their transient bliss is o'er; 
The voyage they must resume. 
But, as they sail along the shore, 
They hear the sullen breakers roar. 
The sky is clouding more and more. 
Dangers before them loom. 

The tempest rages in its might; 

Their flowers quickly fade. 

Their hands, unskilled and weak with fright. 

Cannot direct their barks aright. 

They perish in the stormy night 

Before a landing's made. 

Others there are who grasp the oar 
And toil with cheerful zeal. 
They waste no time along the shore. 
But train whatever little store 
Of talent they possessed before. 
And work for human weal. 

They pluck no blossoms on the way 
Nor rest in shady bower. 
But Heaven's angels oft survey 
These men who God's commands obey 
And cull for them, each single day. 
Some sweet celestial flower. 

At length the stream of Life is passed. 
The sun is sinking slow. 
They sail upon an ocean vast. 
The pulse of life is ebbing fast, 
The farther shore is seen at last • 
At sunset's tender glow. 

Celestial music fills the air. 

They reacli the golden strand. 

And placed upon their foreheads fair. 

Formed from the flowers waiting there. 

Are garlands, beautiful and rare. 

Wove by the Master's hand. 

Another pleasing selection by the band 
followed the poem, after which the President, 
Mr. I. C. Jordan, came forward and spoke 
as follows: 

Ladies and Gentlemen, — There are events in 
nearly every one's life, which, from the pleasure or 
pain that attends them, are indelibly stamped upon 
the memory. In college life there are many such 
events, memorable, for the most part, because of 
attending happiness. Conspicuous among such are 
those of the day we celebrate. And so we welcome 
you, to-day, to this the happiest occasion of our col- 

lege course, and we ask you to enter heartily with us 
into the spirit of all our exercises. 

Like every other Freshman class, we entered col- 
lege ignorant of its customs and its unwritten laws, un- 
known to one another ; like every other Freshman 
class, we were denominated by our Seniors, "Green 
and brash;" but unlike any other Freshman class, 
we defeated the Sophomores in every contest, and in 
the moments of our triumph conducted ourselves so 
as to gain the respect and good-will of all upper- 
classmen. And three weeks later, we had gained a 
prominence in athletics never held by any other class 
so early in its course, the Seniores Collegii sang our 
praises at the dinner table, and, from the highest 
pinnacle of Bowdoin's chapel, floated the flag of the 
Freshmen. In the words of Cassar, and the pronun- 
ciation of our Latin Professor, the class could say : 
" Veni, vicli, vici^ And well have we maintained 
our prestige. On the diamond, in the shells, on the 
foot-ball field, and between the cleats, foremost 
among Bowdoin's representatives have been the 
sturdy athletes of our class. During the last two 
years, five of the "Varsity" ball team have come 
from '91 ; seven of the foot-ball eleven were ours. 
Colby and Bates have both been easily defeated by 
a Bowdoin tug-of-war team three-quarters '91. And 
soon we hope to welcome back again from the waters 
of Lake Cayuga, a victorious "eight." The members 
of this crew come from the following classes : One 
from '89, two from '90, one from '93, and four from 
'91. We are proud of '9rs victories, we glory in her 
reputation and popularity, but we find our highest 
pleasure in her unity, in those bonds of good-will, 
binding man to man. 

As we look back over the three happy years we 
have passed together, it is inevitable that memories 
of two scenes very different from this should steal 
over us. Never shall we forget the impressiveness 
of those two chapel exercises, commemorating the 
death of two classmates that had so lately been with 
us. The old familiar forms filled with sober faces, 
the deep tones of the organ, the reading of the Script- 
ure, the prayer, the thoughts of our loss, all co- 
operated to increase the solemnity of the occasion. 
The first sorrow came very early in our course, be- 
fore we were thoroughly acquainted, but it served to 
show how strong were class ties even then. The 
second was only last winter, when there passed from 
among us one whose life would have been an honor 
to us all. He was a young man of noble character, 
of high ambition, and remarkable energy. Those 
who knew him best loved him most. We utter, to- 
day no idle words of praise, but in all sincerity we 



oflfer tribute to the memory of a true friend, a loved 
classmate, a man of sterling worth. 

To-day we call Ivy Day, from the custom of 
planting the Ivy. To future classes this plant shall 
be a memorial of '91, and a memorial only. To us, 
it shall be much more, returning in after years, it 
will awaken within us memories of college days, it 
will recall the past. And on that day of our return, 
the same feelings will come to us as did to Eng- 
land's Laureate when he wrote — 

"I past beside the reverend walls 
In which of old I wore the gown ; 
I roved at random through the town ; 
And saw the tumult of the halls ; 

"And heard once more in college fanes 
The storm their high built organs make. 
And thunder-music, rolling, shake 
The prophet blazoned on the panes ; 

" And caught once more the distant shout, 
The measured pulse of racing oars 
Among the willows ; paced the shores 
And many a bridge, and all about 

"The same gray flats again, and felt 
The same, but not the same, and last, 
Up that long walk of lines I past 
To see the rooms in which he dwelt."' 

Emblematic of these thoughts of our youth, is 
the Ivy, ever green, which we shall plant to-day. 

But before we plant the Ivy, we shall, in accord- 
ance with a time-honored custom, bestow a few, not 
costly, but appropriate presents upon certain class- 
mates, in recognition of the several specialties in 
which they excel. 


Webster says: "A bellows is an instrument to 
blow with." But in the long run, our class bellows 
has blown itself. It is self-acting, hence automatic. 
But we have a nobler title for our classmate than 
thou, automatic bellows ; to-day, Mr. Hunt, we deify 
you with the title of Lord of the Winds, and we ask 
you to accept this bellows, as a token of the one tal- 
ent which you have by no means hidden away in a 
napkin, but which you have, by most untiring use, 
made to increase even a hundred fold. 

Mr. Hunt came forward and resjaonded 
as follows: 

Mr. President and Glassmales : 

It is with the deepest gratification and pleas- 
ure that I accept this token from you as the representa- 

tive of our class: signifying as it does an honor of 
which even the gods themselves might be proud. 

To be the chosen one from such an illustrious and 
transcendent class is a height to which few may soar, 
and those few, represented in this case by your 
humble servant, find themselves seated far above this 
earth with a halo of clouds surrounding their brows. 

My career began during Freshman year, and, 
although I used my voice incessantly, yet strange to 
say, the Sophomores did not seem to appreciate it. 
This is accounted for by the fact that the class of '90 
does not know gold when it sees it. My voice was 
then in excellent trim and by practicing with one of 
the genus lomcatus every night I finallj' aroused it to 
such a pitch as to fairly outdo myself. Many and 
many a time did I have occasion to use my ability in 
this direction, and often during the dewy evenings 
of summer did I hear the gurgling waters. Water 
throughout this year had an attraction for mo, but 
it always had the effect of a lubricating oil upon 
me and set the mechanism agoing again in all of its 
pristine glory. 

Then came those most glorious of all glorious 
days, the days of Sophomore year. In this year my 
services were invaluable to the class in many ways. 
Often by exercising ray divine gift did I exert such 
an influence upon your opponents at the Olympian 
games tliat they hung their heads in shame and 
departed from the field of conquest, a lieart-broken 
and vanquished herd of mutes. 

If there is one satisfaction in this world, Mr. Presi- 
dent, it ts tlie achieving and maintaining of success 
in a certain line. Such has been my career. Not 
satisfied with being a small, mean, contemptible 
little pair of bellows, I have risen higher and higher, 
until you see me now a full-fledged, double-actioned 
pair of bellows, seated upon the highest pinnacle of 
my profession. 

As I look around the class the looks of envy on 
their countenances betray a desire for the ability 
which in me lies. But, classmates, you cannot all 
be stars, so congratulate yourselves that you have 
among your number one so pre-eminent and distin- 
guished in his line, before whose opening vortex the 
Freshmen, and those of timid persuasion, are wont 
to shake and tremble like an aspen leaf. But you may 
ask why this ability, and whence comes this prodigy of 
the nineteenth century? Bangor, the Queen City of the 
East, is the metropolis to whose fostering care and 
uplifting influences I owe my ability. Had I come 
from an inferior city, then would I have descended 
to the level of some of you, and you would not 
now be singing praises and hallelujahs to my name. 

Often, oh how often, have I with my dulcet 



tones given forth notes of warning wlien some rasli 
business was about to be transacted in a class meet- 
ing. But for tliis timely interposition, instead of being 
tlie all-powerful class which she now is, she would 
have sunk to those immeasurable depths from which 
not even the soul stirring tones of old "Phi Chi "could 
have resurrected her. Not alone have I expressed my- 
self with my stentorian voice, butoften in the recitation 
room have I found more expression produced with 
my pedal extremities. In this line have I but one 
rival, the immortal Sam, and he a rival only because 
nature had endowed him with larger instruments 
for pedantic expression. 

Many are the explanations offered by scientists 
of the fact that cyclones have'not visited Brunswick 
for the last three years. This is confidential, but I 
will explain. Being somewhat of a cyclone myself, 
my nature is naturally sensitive to like things occurr- 
ing in nature. Whenever I felt the approach of a 
Brunswickian cyclone I at once set up an opposition, 
and the cyclone, beaten at its own game, retired 
submissively and gracefully, thereby recognizing my 
superiority. In fact, all that is necessary to quiet 
the billowy waves is "peace, be still," and they fall 
before my superior power. Often, while on ship, 
during the balmy days of summer, have I caused the 
idly-flapping sails to distend and swell with the 
wholesome breezes of my wind apparatus. Show 
me the man with like ability. Look anywhere you 
will in this vast assemblage, or wheresoever you 
may in the broad world, and not until this anomaly 
is found will I yield the Ivy crown, but clinging to it 
as an idol I will pursue ray way, turning all my vast 
resources to the glory of '91. 

You, my classmates, in your protracted and ex- 
tended readings of Homer, have always admired the 
silver-tongued Nestor ; and rightly so, for by his 
wisdom and speech he directed fortunes and misfort- 
unes of a noble race. All hail, then, to me, the 
Nestor of the nineteenth century ; a person wlio fears 
nothing on land or sea, be it the braying jackass or 
precocious Freshman. All are silenced bv a word, 
and either stop up their ears, or, if they are blessed 
with lower limbs of extended proportions, hie tlrem- 
selves away, lifting a nimble foot. 

In the chemical laboratory also, I find myself in 
my proper sphere, especially in the use of the blow- 
pipe, with which I am enabled by my prodigious 
capacity for wind to fuse metals and minerals hith- 
erto considered by scientists as non-fusible except 
in the most powerful blast furnaces. So you 
see, Mr. President, ray services are of value to the 
scientific world. 

But, my friends, these bellows, besides being 

simply a miniature set of wind maitufacturers, are 
emblematic of the smith, to whom, if we follow 
Longfellow, belong the sinewy arms and muscles 
whicli stand out like iron bands. You can see them 
if you observe closely. These enormous biceps also 
have brought in many honors to the class. These 
are the kind of arms that send the shot and hammer 
so far that the eye loses them (I mean the muscles) 
in their flight. Mind you these prodigious muscles 
were not prodnced by ease, but by hard manual 
labor, which, classmates, as you can testify, has been 
my most marked characteristic while in college. 

You all know the primary use of bellows. To 
explain, their use is "to make the fire burn." Here 
they fulfill their normal functions. In the class be- 
hold the flame ! In me beliold the bellows ! All 
that can keep this flame in existence is the bellows, 
hence my importance to the class. 

See the power in this little instrument. By simply 
compressing the handles a feather is made to fly oflf 
into space. This feather may be compared to the 
enemies which have arisen against our class since its 
existence, and every time have they in like manner 
been dissipated by the class bellows. 


The President : 

We all know what a lough is, but we do not all 
recognize a tough when we see one. As you gaze 
upon our fair-haired classmate, with a summer 
bloom upon his soft cheeks and a smile parting his 
innocent lips, you will indeed be amazed. But things 
are not always what they seem. A cigarette, a cane, 
blear eyes, a stumbling walk to his favorite song, 
" I Stood on the Bridge at Midnight," with variations 
of " Razzle-Uazzle," would remove ranch of this 
guilelessness for you. Mr. Newbegin, I present you 
with this flask, with the belief that it will always 
contain spirits congenial to your own, and that your 
friendship will be close and lasting. 

Mr. Newbegin accepted the flask and 
said : 

This is the proudest nionient of ray life. I feel 
no hesitation, Mr. President, in saying that I have 
reached the pinnacle of my ambition. My eiforts 
have at last been crowned with success and have at 
last secured that public recognition which they 

I can now look back upon ray course here at col- 
lege with a satisfaction which one can only feel when 
the airas and aspirations of one's boyhood and all 
the yearnings of one's early manhood have been 
realized to the full. It is more than I had dared to 
dream of— far less to hope for, to receive, in this 



place, on such an occasion, these peculiarly appro- 
priate tokens of my prowess. 

It is with feelings of unmixed pleasure, Mr. 
President, that I accept this little token of esteem 
from my classmates. It will be so convenient to 
have round in cases of sickness, etc., and will just 
fit my hip pocket. It is a very simple, prosaic thing 
to look at, but, ah ! what recollections cluster around 
it! The very air around it seems to possess a subtle 
spirit. In time to come, as in its company I shall 
recall the memories of the past, I shall be too full 
for utterance. 

The qualities which go to make up the ideal tough 
are multitudinous. It is awfully tough to bet. I al- 
ways make it a point to bet heavily against our own 
athletic teams. It shows a very praiseworthy confi- 
dence in them and besides prevents one from feeling 
badly if they are defeated. 

It is an unmistakable sign of toughness to make 
as much disturbance as possible in recitations. It 
attracts the attention of the class to you which would 
otherwise be cast in another direction, and, therefore, 
is so much clear gain. It is pretty sure to predis- 
pose the instructor in your favor, and he is much 
more likely to overlook any little faults you have 
and credit you accordinglj-. Tlien, too, you are very 
apt to be given a front seat in the synagogue, which 
is a thing greatly to be desired, for it has been accu- 
rately demonstrated by the calorimeter that the rank 
varies inversely as the square of the distance from 
the front row. 

This is a line of policy which I have especially 
aimed to carry out, and I flatter myself, with pretty 
uniform success. The consequence has been that I 
have become so great a favorite with the professors 
tliat in most cases they have been very reluctant to 
have me sit farther back than the front seat, and I have 
had some of the most touching post-recitation inter- 
views imaginable. Permit me to remark here that 
the conversation at these times has usually been of a 
strictly confidential nature, to divulge which would 
be a breach of good faith from which I would shrink 
with horror. 

On any pleasant summer evening you may see me 
wandering aimlessly up and down Main Street. I 
always make it a point to stare very fixedly at all 
the ladies I meet, as they probably enjoy it and it 
shows them that I am tough. Also on jjassing by a 
house, I always look back at the windows to see if, 
perchance, any one is looking at me. This betokens 
great self-esteem. 

Being tough has its advantages, the uninitiated to 
the contrary iiotwithstandi ng. There is a sort of myste- 
rious charm and glarmour which surrounds the tough 

man, in the eyes of the gentler sex ; the dear things 
will flatly deny it, but it remains as an established 
fact audi has been of incalculable service to me in 
certain directions. Then there is the admiring awe 
with which one is looked up to by the unsophisticated 
Freshman. But most of all there is that supreme 
self-satisfaction which one feels, beside which mathe- 
matical prizes, commencement parts, and all the pal- 
try honors which a college course can offer, fade into 


The President: 

It would be impossible to compare our military 
man to any one of the great generals of history. 
His abilities are too varied. His dash is well known 
to us all and has been shown on many occasions — 
notably on the night of our " pea-nut drunk." Tutor 
Tolman, who has thirty-five chapel cuts to his credit, 
has observed the same many times. Dr. Whittier 
says his strategy is very effective, and the Doctor is 
an excellent judge of such matters, while all the 
professors unite in ascribing to him that quality 
which made Quintus Fabius the Oreat, and saved 
Rome, viz. : moderation. As classmates we can all 
bear testimony to the fact that our military man is 
also an excellent horseman. Mr. Thompson, please 
accept this sword in recognition of your marked 
military ability. 

Mr. Thompson, in accepting tlie sword, 
said : 
Mr. President: 

In time of war, when the country is plunged into 
the horrors of a great revolution or rebellion, a man's 
military ability is easily recognized and rightly 
measured. But it is not often that in civil life one's 
warlike qualities shine forth so pre-eminently as to 
gain the admiration, respect, and appreciation of all, 
as on the present occasion. But perhaps I err in 
applying the adjective "civil" to college life. Some 
of my fellow-sufi'erers would certainly hesitate be- 
fore joining me in thus characterizing our arraign- 
ment here to-day. We early begin to realize that life 
is all one ceaseless struggle, one long battle field 
throughout. This is true, not in the least degree of 
college life, where we have our difticulties to Over- 
come, our enemies to be dealt with. There is in this 
institution a body of men banded together for our 
destruction, and sworn by the most solemn oaths to 
mutually aid and support one another in their tyran- 
nical oppression over us. Though few in numbers, 
this body of men has the faculty of wielding such 
power that one of them alone has often proved more 
that equal even to— '91. Much of my renown have I 



won from my encounters with this proud oligarchy, 
though this is the first time that I have been thrust 
prominently before the public as a military man. 
You, my classmates, have long been aware of ray 
military qualities. They have been manifested in 
various ways. In the class-room my i-ecitations have 
often been commended by our stern instructor as 
models of military conciseness and brevity, and on 
many occasions I may add, especially of brevity. 

Also, my strategic manner of asking questions to 
avoid the necessity of answering them, if it has not 
been commended by our instructors, it has at least 
been admired and applauded by my classmates. 
One naturally expects reminiscences from a military 
man. You will not think it strange, therefore, if I 
relate the following incident illustrating my strategic 
ability. The true soldier soon learns that presence 
of mind in the face of danger often avails more than 
anything else. This fact was well illustrated in one 
of my encounters with the Professor of Physical Cult- 
ure. One day during the winter campaign (or I 
should say "term"), wishing to avoid the wearisome 
monotony of class drill, I approached the Professor 
for the purpose of getting excused. He observed 
my approach and, taught by long experience, divined 
my object. Thinking to anticipate, and thus foil me, 
ho said, as 1 drew near: "I should think, young 
man, that that cold of yours must be about well by 
this time." Without hesitating an instant, I slid 
gracefully into a limp, and made this crushing 
retort: "Professor, I have the good fortune to be 
entirely free from a cold. You will doubtless re- 
member that a severe lameness of my little toe, 
incuri-ed in last week's exercise, will utterly incapac- 
itate me for any violent exertion for some time to 
come." I was excused. Perhaps the audience will 
join me in thinking that I ought to have been ex- 

But now let the members of the "Faculty" 
beware, for in the future I shall not be constrained 
to utter, with my usual military brevity, "Unpre- 
pared," but by your foresight, classmates, armed 
with this formidable weapon, I shall be prepared to 
strike, even to the tenth strike, and to slay. 

The class has in many instances improved upon 
the names given us by our parents. They have re- 
named us much to our own satisfaction. In choosing 
an appellation for me, the class wished to do full jus- 
tice to the remarkable diversity of my military 
genius. Hence arose a slight disagreement. No one 
character in all history could be cited as a parallel to 
myself. Finally a compromise was effected, two names 
being taken, which, on account of their diversity, 
were, peculiarly appropriate. The one was Darius, 

the ancient Persian warrior ; the other General Booth 
of the Salvation Army. Classmates, I thank you 
from the bottom of my heart for this testimonial of 
your appreciation. It will ever be cherished by me 
as one of the dearest memorials of my college life, 
and when I shall have given my last parole, and 
be mustered out forever from life's long campaign of 
arduous service, it shall be so provided in my "last 
will and testament" that this sword shall have a 
prominent place in some great museum, or it may 
be that one of you, the veteran of the class, one of 
the last of his generation, may visit one of the great 
panoramas of the future, like Gettysburg or Bunker 
Hill. There he perhaps will not be surprised to see, 
as a central attraction occupying a conspicuous posi- 
tion, and surmounted by the class colors, the sword 
of Colonel Darius Booth. 


The President : 

When a student shows his appreciation of a point 
made in the class-room by applauding with his feet 
upon the floor he is said to be "wooding." With 
many this is a favorite pastime, but we have one 
man with whom it is a business. Seating himself 
near the center of the room, he can, by his great 
length of limbs and ball and socket joints reach any 
part of it. So that what may seem to be applause 
from two students in opposite corners of the room is 
often the gentle tap of a pair of No. lO's belonging 
to an innocent-looking fellow many feet away whom 
we call Sam. Mr. Erskine, these clogs are pre- 
sented to you by your old professors, as a small 
return for the shoe leather worn out in their applause. 

Mr. Erskiue received the shoes with a 
slight bow, and spoke as follows : 

Mr. President, — Although I consider this a great 
honor and your words are highly complimentary, 
both of my personal qualifications for wooding and 
my success in the profession, yet I shall not say, as 
is usual on such an occasion, that the honor is entirely 
unexpected and undeserved. It is not unexpected, 
because several times since my connection with the 
college, different members of the Faculty have inti- 
mated to me that I was not only a possible, but a 
probable candidate for the position. There have 
been several other aspirants for the honor, but after 
a few private interviews with one of the professors, 
the larger part decided to drop out of the lists. 
Those who were not willing to give up the race so 
easily were advised to call upon President Hyde and 
confer with him in regard to the matter. After kindly 
inquiring into each case, he invariably advised tliem 



to give up their course of training, as he feared it 
would so injure their health that they would be 
obliged to take a long vacation or even to leave col- 
lege permanently. A few, with commendable cour- 
age, still continued, but not with their former enthu- 
siasm. They didn't — if you will pardon the slang, 
Mr. President, — they didn't " get there with both 
feet," as they had previously done. 

Modesty prevents me from speaking of my own 
merits, but the position that I occupy to-day is suffi- 
cient. I assure you, Mr. President, that I appreciate 
the honor of being chosen to represent this impor- 
tant phase of college life. I have made a thorough 
study of the subject, and have a little experimental 
knowledge, as you intimated in your remarks. It 
is, perhaps, not generally known that the science or 
art of wooding was first discovered by the French. It 
was developed by the elaquers in the French theatre, 
and that is probably the reason that the French 
division of the class especially practices it. 

Recently there has been a great improvement 
made by the use of snap matches and torpedoes. I 
claim no share of this honor, as the utility of these 
articles was discovered by mere chance, as has been 
the case with many of the discoveries that have rev- 
olutionized the world. A few of these mild explo- 
sives were accidentally scattered over the floor of 
a recitation room. When the class applauded a 
phenomenal ten strike (?) there was a tine pyrotech- 
nic display, which was, of course, a surprise to all. 
There was such a combination of beautiful sights 
and pleasing sounds, that since then the boys have 
laid in a supply of these articles whenever they 
wished to make wooding especially effective. 

Wooding has not reached its present perfection 
without encountering great opposition, and even at 
this enlightened period of the world's history, there 
are a few who are not educated up to it. It is a 
cui'ious fact that those for whose benefit it is especially 
intended are its strongest opponents. Every one 
knows that college boys are kind-hearted and gener- 
ous. They like to make it interesting for every one 
about them. Whenever a new professor comes 
among them, they try to make him think of home. 
By applauding, or in other words wooding, at every 
convenient opportunity, they try to show him that he 
is among friends. But these attentions are seldom 
appreciated by the recipients. I assure you, Mr. 
President, that I have not reached my jjresent great- 
ness over any flowery path. I have been obliged to 
perform many of my benevolent deeds with the un- 
friendly and susjiicious eye of a professor fixed upon 

" Ah ! who can tell how hard it is to climb 
The steep where Fame's proud temple shines afar?" 
No one who has not been placed in a similar 
position can realize my feelings, as I stand here to- 
day, the acknowledged and envied champion of 
wooding. My fondest hopes are realized. The labor 
of three long years has been crowned with success. 
Boys, if you wish to make your mark in the world, 
you must have a speciality. I have made a speciality 
of wooding and any one of you could attain like 
success, if you wood. I shall probably be the last 
on whom this honor will be conferred. The river of 
time is stranding along its shores all the time-honored 
college customs. The harmonious and inspiring 
strains of " Phi Chi" are no longer heard in the land. 
The Freshman has ceased to dream of descending 
floods and wears in his sleep the same verdant smile 
that he carries with him through the day. Soon the 
cold waves of oblivion will sweep over this custom 
also. But there are no words in the English lan- 
guage, Mr. President, that can express my feelings 
at this time, and I will simply thank, through you, 
those who have presented these beautiful and appro- 
priate testimonials of their appreciation of my 
humble efforts, and assure them that in the future, as 
in the past, I shall strive to maintain my reputation 
as a wooder. 


The President : 

Lord Bacon says: " Acting in song, especially in 
dialogues, hath an extreme good grace." But when a 
man addresses his own image in a looking-glass 
with the opening words of " Annie Rooney " — " A 
pretty face, a winning smile," it is time for some 
anxious friend to throw a boot at him. There is 
very little grace under such circumstances. And 
j-et even this is bearable ; but let him add to this an 
unbounded self-satisfaction and we can compare such 
" monumental gall " only to that of the fly in iEsop's 
fable that sat on the axle-tree of the chariot-wheel 
and said : " What a dust I raise." Mr. Burr, I pre- 
sent you with this mirror, hoping you soon will be- 
come surfeited with its reflected sweetness, and 
thus cured of your conceit. 

Mr. Burr gazed fondly into the looking- 
glass and responded as follows : 
Mr. President: 

Necessity is the mother of invention. 

Procrastination is the thief of time. 

Virtue is its own reward. 

But self-satisfaction is the subject upon which 1 
am to address you this afternoon. 



As I step forward upon the platform, clad in the 
mantle of honor which has been wrapped about me, 
and proud in the knowledge that I stand pre-eminent 
among my class, I feel as Battie Hunt did when he 
came out of the Latin Prize Examination, Sophomore 
3'ear, " perfectly satisfied with myself." 

Some people would rather be right than be pres- 
ident. I would rather be Self-satisfied Man than be 
be Wright, for Wright merely imagines that he owns 
the campus, while in reality it is acknowledged by 
all that the Self-satisfied Man has by far the better 

To represent '91 as a Self-satisfied Man, Mr. Pres- 
ident, is a twofold honor. For while our Bellows, 
our Wooder, our Tough and all the others, have 
acquired glory by reason of the esteem in which 
they are held by their class, the honor confeiTed upon 
me is bestowed, partly perhaps through the appre- 
ciation of my classmates, but primarily by reason of 
the great esteem in which I am held by myself. 
Thus it is that the Self-satisfied Man has earned his 
own aggrandizement. 

And yet, as I pause to reflect, it seems strange 
that these laurels should be heaped upon me. Did 
you mark, Mr. President, the ripple of astonishment 
that swept over the audience, asl stepped forward in 
acknowledgment of your very flattering introduction ? 
There was nothing surpi'ising in that. The good 
people of Brunswick being so thoroughly conversant 
with the varying qualities and characteristics which 
enter into the composition of '91, very naturally ex- 
pected to see this honor which has been conferred upon 
me, awarded to Newman or Ridlon, or "Spide" 
Goding, or some other one pre-eminently fitted for 
the position, the latchets of whose shoes, metaphori- 
cally speaking, I am not worthy to unloose. But it 
was otherwise decreed. As the sage Cicero would 
doubtless remark could he be present on this auspi- 
cious occasion : " Sic volvera Parcas." I am re- 

In accepting this charming little souvenir, the 
tribute of a grateful class, I wish to assure you all 
that the honor is deeply appreciated. The fitness of 
the emblem chosen is most apparent. While the 
presentation of a mirror to the average member of 
my class would be the bitterest irony, in my case, 
I am fully satisfied that nothing could be more 

Gazing into the crystal depths of this glass I 
behold reflected therein, all the truth and purity which 
habitually radiates from my scholastic countenance. 
Believe me, Mr. President, this mirror shall ever 
occupy a prominent position upon the walls of my 
college den. To it I shall resort when in need of 

solace, inspiration, or a shave. In it I shall see 
revealed, what without it might be my fortune 
never to behold — the perfect man. 

And when at last old age creeps on, and the 
fast-fleeting years seek to remove farther and farther 
from my memory the recollections of these happy 
college scenes, this mirror shall ever be instrumental 
in preserving within my heart, the warmest place and 
the deepest aft'ection, for old Bowdoin and 'Ninety- 


The President: 

Much that I have said has been in jest, but the 
last presentation is made in all sincerity. Probably 
never before in the history of Bowdoin College has 
any one man held a place pre-eminent in the aft'ec- 
tions of all the students. Class feeling and society 
prejudice are always opposed to such a condition ; 
but to-day there is a man who, by his many virtues 
and rare modesty has gained that place. In him 
there are combined all those qualities that endear a 
student to his fellows. Naturally an athlete and a 
scholar, he is as naturally a gentleman, " for man- 
ners are not idle, but the fruit of loyal nature and 
of noble mind." Every student here knows well to 
whom I refer. It is to the athlete, the scholar, the true 
gentleman, the favorite of Bowdoin, the popular man 
of '91. Mr. Fish, please accept with our highest 
esteem this merited emblem of popularity. 

Mr. Fish, as he stepped forward, vs^as 
greeted with a round of applause that left 
no doubt as to his popularity. He said: 
3Ir. President, and Ladies and Gentlemen: 

Above all things dear to the student's heart is the 
knowledge that he is popular with his fellow-students. 
It is something he ought ever to strive for, as upon 
it depends, in great part, the pleasure he derives 
from his college course. From my first entering 
college, although not seeking to be especially popu- 
lar, I have been very careful not to do anything 
likely to make myself unpopular, and in this lies the 
great secret of my success. Many a man in the class 
might have been elected to this position if he had 
only been content to keep out of office. It is impos- 
sible to remain popular while in power. Knowing 
this I have occupied no office whatever, since enter- 
ing the class, and thus have been able to triumph 
over others who could easily have beaten me by 
using a little diplomacy. And then I have been 
aided by anotlier thing. I am a Brunswick boy and 
thus my classmates have not come to know me as 
well as they otherwise miglit. But this has also been 
a disadvantage. There always has been and there 



always will be a certain hostility between the town 
boy and the student. This, I have so far been able 
to overcome as to be popular with both. When as a 
Brunswick yagger, I amused myself by throwing 
cucumbers and tomatoes at the students, I little 
thought I should soon be one of them or ever be so in 
favor with them as I am to-day. And when we con- 
sider the diflB.culties he has had to overcome, we can 
truly say that the yagger has well shown his merit in 
being elected the Popular Man of his class. 

Fellow-classmates, you have done me the honor 
of selecting me as the Popular Man of your class. 
I thank you and only wish I could express in words 
the appreciation I have of your kindness in thus be- 
stowing upon me the greatest honor it lay in your 
power to give. In the entire college course there is 
no position which a student can be called upon to fill 
which is more agreeable or more self-satisfying than 
that of Popular Man at the Ivy exercises of his class. 
It is a position obtainable by no amount of hard 
plugging or judicious chinning; it is a position 
which cannot be worked for or schemed for, but yet, 
when obtained, is worth all the other college honors 
rolled into one. To have obtained it shows that the 
student is possessed of that faculty which goes so far 
in contributing to a man's success in the business 
world, the faculty of being popular with his fellows. 

There are some people who like to be odd and 
who glory in being unpopular, but this is not the 
case with the college student. The pleasure he de- 
rives from his college course depends in great part 
on his being popular with his companions, and for 
this popularity he strives from the very beginning. 
And if he succeeds so well that, when the time comes 
for his class to elect their Popular Man, he is selected 
for that position, he may be well content to rest on 
his laurels in considering that he has won a prize in 
comparison with which all others are not worth the 
striving. To be elected to this position is enough to 
make any man conceited, and this is perhajis the case 
in the preserit instance. To-day I look upon myself 
with more respect than ever before. The remem- 
brance of tliis day will ever be present with me, 
and when, in years to come, I shall look over the 
souvenirs of my college days, this spoon will serve to 
remind me of the esteem in which I was held by my 
classmates. But I do not allow myself to think that 
this spoon was meant for me alone. 

There is no one man in the class of '91 popular 
enough to receive such a mark of favor, or rather 
there are just fifty-five of them. In our class each 
man is just as popular as every other, and we are 
so bound together that it is impossible to select one 
without taking all. This spoon represents the ties 

of love and fellowship that have always bound us 
together as one body, and which I have been deemed 
worthy to receive and keep in trust for all the others. 
In this presentation the words "popular man" are 
not to be translated as in ordinary language. They 
mean not that the man himself is more popular than 
his fellows, but that he is the guardian of the 
emblem of the common or popular feeling that exists 
between the members of his class. And in this 
meaning, and in this meaning only am I willing to 
receive this spoon as the Popular Man of '91. 

After the presentations, the class marched 
out, and the exercises in Memorial were at 
an end. They were very generally consid- 
ered to be the best that had occurred for 
some years. 


The class gathered around the beautiful 
white marble ivy leaf, which was placed on 
the front side of Memorial Hall, west of the 
door. Here the Curator, Mr. E. G. Loring, 
planted '91's ivy vine, while the class sung to 
the air of the boating song, the following : 

By C. S. F. Lincoln. 
Bowdoin boys forever. 
Classmates here we come. 
Bound by ties that never. 
Never can be undone. 
We will sing, sing together, 
For Bowdoin and 'Ninety-One. 

Here where the grass is blowing. 
By these old walls of stone. 
Our Ivy vine still growing 
Ever close to its side may run, 
Our love and devotion showing 
For Bowdoin and 'Ninety-One. 

When in the years returning 
To our dear college home, 
The .soul ever fondly yearning 
For days now passed and gone, 
Our love will still brightly be burning 
For Bowdoin and 'Ninety-One. 

seniors' LAST CHAPEL. 

The chapel was crowded with those who 
came to see the touching and impressive 
ceremony of the Seniors' Last Cliapel. The 



Juniors, in their caps and gowus, occui^ied 
the balcony just in front of the Waker Art 

After an earnest and impressive jjrayer 
by President Hyde, the College Choir sang 
the hymn, " I Shall be Satisfied." 

Then the class of 'Ninety, headed by their 
Marshal, Mr. Tolman, filed slowly out of the 
chapel in a solid body, swaying from side to 
side and singing the tender verses of " Auld 
Lang Syne." After they had passed out into 
the open air, cheers were given for Bowdoin 
and for each of the undergraduate classes. 
The latter responded by uniting heartily in 
'Ninety's class yell : 'Rah, 'Rah, 'Rah, 'Rah, 
'Rah, 'Rah, 'Rah ! Enenakonta ! 'Rah, 'Rah, 
'Rah ! 







Portland Fancy. 






' The Lilac." 

"The Oolah." 

' The Gondoliers." 

" Marie." 

" Santiago." 

" Operatic." 


" Amor." 




L'Eclaii-. Rj'ser. 

Wallz. " Only To-Night." 

Saratoga Lanciers. . " Ruddygore." 

Pollia. " Ma Voisine." 

Schottische. " Cavalier." 

Boston Fancy. " Here and There." 

Waltz. "Crepurcule." 

Galop. "EntreNous." 

Quadrille. " La Favorite." 

Waltz. " Addeo." 

Floor Director — B. D. Ridlon. 

Aids — H. S. Chapman, F. J. Siraonton, E.Hilton, 
F. O. Fish. 

Such, in brief, is the story of the '91 Ivy 
Hop. At an early hour the seats reserved 
for spectators were completely filled with 
an audience eager in anticipation of the 
musical treat which awaited them. At eight 
o'clock the Salem Cadet Band took their 

positions upon the stage, and for an hour, 
under the leadership of Monsieur Jean 
Missud, discoursed such nuisic, as it is seldom 
the fortune of slow old Brunswick to enjoy. 
At 9 o'clock the last dancer had arrived; 
the orchestra sounded the opening bars of 
the grand inarchj and the festivities began. 
The dance order was a model of attractive- 
ness and good taste. It consisted of a cover 
of rough stock, embellished on one side with 
an appropriate design, hand-painted upon 
celluloid, and the words, "Ivy Hop, Bowdoin, 
'91," in raised gilt letters inclosing a plain 
insert, containing a list of the dances, the 
whole neatly bound by silk cords of the 
'91 class color. At intermission the gay 
company adjourned to the court room, 
where an hour was passed at the delicious 
banquet served by Woodbury & Son, of the 
Maine Central. Following is the menu, for 
the translation of which we refer the reader 
to the head of the French department. 


Claire Potage de tortue verte. 

En tasses a la Victoria. 

Celuri en Rameaux. Olives a la Reine. 

Pyramide de Dinde aux Truffles. 

Salade d' Homade. Salade de Laitue. 

Creme Glacee a la Naples. 

Doigts des Dames. Baisers. 


Tablet d'Ange. Tablet de Chocolat. 

Tablet de Noix. 

Charlotte Russe a la Chantilly. Bon-bons en Paniers. 

Cafe Noir. 

The menus were very neatly gotton up, 
and, tied with bunches of class ribbon, pre- 
sented a very tasty appearance. 

After lunch the scene was again changed 
to the upper hall, where dancing, to the in- 
spiring strains of the Salem Cadet Band, was 
continued until far into the night. It was 
only when the faint gray of the morning was 
tinging the east, and stealing over the roofs 
of campus and town that the merry jjarty 
finallj' broke up, bringing to an end the '91 



Ivy Hop, the most appropriate crowning of 
the Junior Field and Ivy exercises. 

Field-Day Exercises. 
'TQ'F'I'ER several postponements on account 
/ -*• of unfavorable weathew, the annual Field- 
Day sports came off at the Topsham Fair 
Grounds, on the forenoon of Memorial Day. 
Although the heavy track was fatal to the 
hopes of our record breakers, and the absence 
of our boating and base-ball men detracted 
much from the interest of the sports, yet 
the various events passed off with snap, and 
were well contested. Several of the prominent 
tug-o'-war men were conspicuous by their ab- 
sence, and on this account the rope question 
was left undecided. The two-mile run was the 
feature of the day. Brown, '91, Merriman, 
'92, and Wilson, '91, were the contestants. 
Brown held the lead until within five feet 
of the finish, when Merriman, by a mag- 
nificent spurt, passed him, winning by about 
six inches, and breaking the Bowdoin record 
by three-fourths of a second. 

The events, winners, and records, are as 
follows : 

One hundred-yards dash — E. Hilton, '91, 1st; 
Hardy, '91, 2d; R. F. Bartlett, '92, 3d. Record, 11| 

Throwing hammer — Tuiiey, '91, 1st; Pugsley, 
'92, 2d; Thompson, '91, 3d. Record, 53.^ feet. 

Two-mile run— J. D. Merrimaii, '92, 1st; Brown, 
'91, 2d; Nelson, '91, 3d. Record, 11 minutes 18^ 

Putting shot— Thompson, '91, 1st; Tukey, '91, 2d. 
Record, 29 feet 3 inches. 

Pole vault— E. Hilton, '91, 1st; W. M. Hilton, '91, 
2d; P. C. Newbegin, '91, 3d. Record, 7 feet 11 

Half-mile run— Croswell, '91, 1st; Lazell, '92, 
2d; Cothren, '92, 3d. Record, 2 minutes 17i 

Standing broad jump— Burleigh, '91, 1st; Downes, 
'92, 2d; Thompson, '91, 3d. Record, 9 feet 2i 

Two hundred and twenty-yards dash— E. Hilton, 
'91, 1st; Hardy, '91, 2d; R. F. Bartlett, '92, 3d. 
Record, 244 seconds. 

Running broad jump — Downes, '92, 1st; Bur- 
leigh. '91, 2d ; Malioney, '91, 3d. Record, 16 feet. 

One-mile walk — Thompson, '91, 1st; Nichols, 
'92, 2d; Linscott, '92, 3d. Record, 8 minutes 51 

Four hundred and forty-yards dash — Hardy, '91, 
1st; Croswell, '91, 2d. Record, 61 seconds. 

Standing high jump— Burleigh, '91, 1st; Ma- 
honey, '91, 2d; Thompson, '91, 3d. Record, i feet 
1 inch. 

Three-legged race — Croswell and Hardy, '91, 1st; 
Merriman and Lazell, '92, 2d; E. Hilton and W. M. 
Hilton, '91, 3d. Record, 131 seconds. 

One-mile run— Lazell, '92, 1st; Cothren, '92, 2d; 
Merriman, '92, 3d. Record, o minutes 46i seconds. 

Runninghigh jump— W. M. Hilton, '91, 1st; A. L. 
Hersey, '92, 2d; Burleigh, '91, 3d. Record, 4 feet 
6 inches. 

Throwing base-ball — Spring, '93, 1st; Burleigh, 
'91, 2d; W. M. Hilton, '91, 3d. Record, 336 feet. 

Hurdle race— W. M. Hilton, '91, 1st; E. Hilton, 
'91, 2d; Burleigh, '91, 3d. Record, 174 seconds. 

Knapsack race — Croswell and Hardy, '91, 1st; Mer- 
riman and Lazell, '92, 2d ; Porter and P. C. Newbe- 
gin, '91, 3d. Record, 21i seconds. 

Running hop, skip, and jump — Burleigh, '91, 1st; 
Downes, '92, 2d; W. M. Hilton, '91, 3d. Record, 38 
feet 6 inches. 

Best individual record — Burleigh, '91 ; record, 15 
points, 3 first prizes, 2 second prizes, and 2 third 

Best class record — '91 ; 85 points. 

Officers of the Day : Master of Ceremonies, H. S. 
Chapman ; Referee, Prof. F. C. Robinson (absent) ; 
Time-Keepers — Professor L. A. Lee, Professor C. C. 
Hutchins, W. R. Hunt, '90; Judges— Professor W. A. 
Moody, Mr. A. W. Tolman, Dr. Whittier (absent) ; 
Starter — D. M. Cole ; Directors — Cilley and Tukey, 
'91; Merriman and Gummer, '92; Carleton, '93. 



In the absence of President Hyde, Pro- 
fessor Chapman, in his peculiarly happy way, 
officiated at the presentation of the Field- 
Day prizes. His remarks abounded in witty 
allusions and patriotic sentiments. He re- 
ferred, in by no means uncomplimentary hits, 
to the '91 Bugle, and the Ivy-Day presenta- 
tions, and the remarks that greeted each of 
the winners as they passed up the broad 



aisle to receive their medals, brought forth 
storms of applause. When, at the couclusion, 
he spoke of the signal victory Bowdoin oars- 
men had won the day previous on the waters 
of the Charles, he stepped out before the 
altar and said : " I do not think it will be 
desecrating the sacred place if we mass in 
the aisle and give three cheers for the grand 
old college," and long and hearty was the 
response that followed. 

Rl2yine and Reason. 


Our base-ball nine is in the soup, 
They play the game no more. 
The rival teams have scooped them in, 
Our only hope is o'er. 

The boating crew is in the swim. 
They breast the wave galore . 
Eight sturdy men — a coxswain cool — 
Our only hope is oar. 


Once upon a bleak December, 
Well the night I still remember, 
I was sitting by the fireside 
With a maid I knew of yore. 
I was very far from napping. 
Neither came there any tapping 
From a some one gently rapping. 
Rapping at the parlor door. 
But there's one thing I am sure of, 
I shall sit there never more. 

For her manner so delicious. 
So bewitchingly capricious. 
Filled me full of foolish fancies 
That I never dreamed before. 
And I straightway was enchanted. 
In my heart the shaft was planted. 
And half broken words I panted. 
Words I never dreamed before. 
But alas ! the fact is certain 
I shall sit there never more. 

While I words of love was speaking, 
Down the stairs came footsteps creeping 
As if some one there was seeking 
Some deep mystery to explore. 
When lo ! in his hands a taper. 
Stood the maiden's honored pater. 
And he not one instant later 
Gently showed me to the door. 
And I now am sadly certain 
I shall sit there never more. 

To a Telescope. 

What power is thine, surpassing mortal eyes. 

To penetrate the mystery of the skies. 

For peering through thy windows we may trace 

The stars in the immensity of space, 

The planets in their distant orbits roll. 

Though much of earthly knowledge we may boast 
Whenever we survey the starry host. 
It brings to us with overwhelming sense 
Their greatness and our insignificance. 
The revelation of divine control. 

The following is the programme for 
Commencement week : 
Sunday, June 22, 4 p.m. Baccalaureate 
Sermon by President Hyde. 

Monday, June 23, 8 p.m. Junior Prize Declamation. 

Tuesday, June 24. Class-Day Oration and Poem, 9 a.m. 
Exercises at the Thorndike Oak, 3 p.m. Dance on the 
Green in the evening; also meeting of the Maine 
Historical Society at 9 a.m. 

Wednesday, June 25, 9 a.m. Graduating Exercises of 
the Medical School. Address by Rev. E. M. Packard 
of Syracuse. 11a.m. Meeting of the Phi Beta Kappa 
Fraternity. 3 p.m. Alumni Oration by Eev. Eeuen 
Thomas, D.D. 8 p.m. Commencement Concert. 

Thursday, June 26. Commencement Day. Meeting of 
the Boards and Alumni at 9 a.m. 10.30 a.m. Com- 
mencement Exercises. 2 p.m. Commencement Din- 
ner. 8 P.M. President's Reception In Memorial Hall. 

Friday and Saturday, June 27 and 28. Entrance Ex- 



The students have all been very sorry to hear 
that this year marks the completion of Professor 
Smith's labors at Bowdoin. He has received a call 
to a professorship at Yale, his Alma Maler, and where 
he was a tutor for some years after his graduation. 
His decision to accept the call will be received with 
much regret by every one connected with Bowdoin. 
but we sincerely hope that in his new position he 
will meet with the success which his ability and faith- 
fulness deserve, and which he has so completely won 
during his nineteen years of service at Bowdoin. 

About twenty couples attended an " Annie Rooney 
Hop," held in the Court Room. May 21st. Music 
was furnished by Ryser, and a very pleasant evening 
passed by all. 

'Ninety-one's Bugle has at last appeared, and may 
be obtained of Mr. Lincoln on payment of one dollar. 
On account of several unexpected and unavoidable 
delays, the volume is rather late in its appearance, 
but makes a very handsome book. It is bound in 
peacock blue with "The Bowdoin Bugle — '91" in 
raised gilt letters. The press-work is very creditable, 
and a neat and attractive volume is the result. 

The wretched weather of Tuesday and Wednes- 
day interferred greatly with the complete success of 
Field and Ivy Days. The Ivy Exercises and Hop 
were, however, commended as being uniformly suc- 
cessful, and as the most enjoyable ever held here, 
while the exercises of Field Day, postponed till 
Friday, were as successful as a heavy track and 
necessarily small attendance would permit. 

Robie, '89, Manson, ex-'89, Williamson, '85, Neal, 
'81), Burleigh, '87, Rideout, '89, and several others of 
the recent alumni were noticed on the campus Ivy 

Quite a number of the students have secured ap- 
pointments as enumerators of the eleventh census. 
Among them are Hutchinson and Wingate, '90; 
Cliapman, Field, Mallett, Munsey, Rounds, Tibbelts, 
'91 ; Stacy and Swett, '92, and Fabyan, '93. 

Gumraer, '92, has been appointed to take the 
special census of the college. Field, '91, will be 
engaged this summer at Washington in the general 
Census Oflice, and Howard, '93, in the ollice of Su- 
pervisor Wright of Maine. 

Thursday night tlie Freshmen celebrated their 
victory over '92, by a supper at the Tontine. On 
tluiir return to the college they found all the end- 
doors barricaded, and were forced to make use of 
many original means of gaining an entrance. 

Indications point to a very largo class next fall. 
'J'cn or more arc coming from I'orlUind alone. I'liil- 

lips Exeter is to send us three men, and reports from 
other directions encourage us to hope for one of the 
largest classes in the history of the college. 

The Managing Editor of the Orient has been to 
Providence, in attendance upon the convention of 
New England Intercollegiate Editors. He also saw 
the Bowdoins do up the B. A. A.'s, and reports a 
very enjoyable trip. 

May 25th several of the societies — A. A. *., -V. T., 
and A. K. E. — held their annual Senior Supper, bid- 
ding farewell to the graduating members. 

The Brunswick policemen, including the illus- 
trious Despeaux, the notorious Graves, and the ob- 
streperous Coombs have appeai-ed in blue uniforms 
and brass buttons. An immediate improvement in 
the conduct of the college boys is looked for. 

The Senior experts with the pen tried conclusions 
last week with the following results : Extemporaneous 
writing — Weeks, first. Chandler, second; English 
composition prize— Blanchard and Chandler, first ; 
Weeks and Wingate. second. 

President Arthur Sewall, of the Maine Central, 
has offered to give Rev. S. F. Dike, of Bath, a vaca- 
tion trip around the world, to mark the completion of 
a half century of service at his pastorate at Bath. 

Professor Robinson and the Junior class made a 
trip to the Feldspar Quarries in Topsham, Monday, 
in search of mineralogical specimens. 



Following is the standing of the Maine College 
League up to Juno 1 1th: 

Won. Lost. Per Cent. 

Colby 6 1 .857 

Bates 3 3 .500 

Maine State College, 2 4 .333 

Bowdoin, 2 5 .285 

Boiodoin, 8; Maine State College, 4. 
Bowdoin victories are so rare, this season, that 
it is an easy and pleasant task to chronicle them. 
She won her second league game by defeating Main e 
State College on the delta, Friday, May 2;M. Better 
base running would have increased Bovvdoin's score 
by a few runs. Downes pitched very effectively, 
allowing the Maine States only three hits. Freeman ■ 
at second, and Tiikey in center field, did fine work. 
For the Maine States, Pierce pitched good ball, and 
Foss supported him finely, besides leading the bat- 
tini'. The detailed score tolls the whole storv: 





A.B. R. 





A. E. 


B. B.H. T.B 

. S.B. 




Packard, lb., . . 




Packard, lb., . 

. 3 1 




Thompson, r.f., . 





Thompson, r.f.. 
Fish, c 

. 4 
. 4 1 




2 1 

Pish, c 


2- 2 




Hutchinson, l.f., 



Hilton, S.S., 
Freeman, 2b., 

. 4 
. 4 




2 5 

Hilton, s.s 


1 1 1 


Tukey, c.f.. 

. 3 

Freeman, 2b., 


1 1 1 





Hutchinson, 3b., 

. 4 1 



Tukey, r.f., . . 
Spring, 3b., . . 



2 11 
1 1 1 




Spring, p., 
Downes, p., 
Burleigh, l.f.. 

. 4 
. 2 





Downes, p., . . 


3 2 2 




. 2 

Totals, . . 


8 10 10 





Totals, . 

. 34 3 




20 7 



A.B. R. B H. T.B. S.B. 





Bates, . . . 

. 1 2 
. 2 1 

3 4 








8 9 

Bowdoin, . . 



Richardson, lb., . 




Earned runs- 

Bates, 3; Bowdoin 

1. Two-base hit— Wil- 

Blaokinston, s.s.. 







son. Home runs— 

Putnam, Hutchinson. 


en bases— Put- 

Keith, 3b., . . . 






nam (2), Hoffman (7), Emery (7), 

jarcelon (3), Packard, 

Foss, c 


1 2 3 





Thompson, Tukey, Hutchinson, Downes. 

First base on 

Hamlin, r.f., . . 




balls — Hoffman, 

Packard (2), Tukey 


base on 

Lord, r.f 


errors — Bates, 5. 

Struck out 


Emery, Day, Mar- 

Dow, l.f 


1 1 



den, Garcelon, Little, Thompson, 

Freeman (2) 


Bird, 2b 




Passed balls — Emery, 2; Fish, 3. 




Drew, o.f 


Time— 1 hour 45 


Umpire — J. M 

Scannell, of 

Pierce, p 

. 3 


Lewiston. Left 

3n bases — Bates, 5 

Bowdoin, 7. 

Totals, . . 

. 35 

4 3 4 





Bowdoin, 23; 


wick, 7. 

Bowdoin went to Bath on 

Memorial D 

ay and 


'ites, 9 : Bowdoin, 


played the Brunswicks 

at the 



Quite a largo 

number of the 



grounds. The 

score : 

panied the nine 

to Lewistnn, Saturday, May 31st. 


The Hates men a 

id tb 

e fair "co-e 

is" occup 




grand stand, wb 

le tl 


contingent took 

Packard, lb., . 

A.B. R. 

. 4 4 






A. E. 


possession of the 

other. There was much 

" cbiii- 

Thompson, r.f.. 

. i; 1 




ning" back and fo 


Btween tbe two g 



Tukey, c.f., . 

. 5 1 





Bates' crowning i 

witticism being : 




Hutchinson, 3b., 

. 5 2 



3 1 

wow! wow! " As for tbe jrarae, tbe Bo 


us were 

Hilton, S.S., 

. 5 3 




outplayed at ever 

y point. Bates fielded finely and 

bat. Downes was in very poor 

ling, auil retired in tlie latter part 

Freeman, 2b., 
Andrews c, 

. 4 3 
3 3 







was strong at the 

Spring, p., . . 

. 3 3 

12 2 

condition for pitcl 

Pendleton, l.f.. 

. 5 3 


of tbe game in f 


of Spring, 




Totals, . 

. 40 23 





21 e 

remainder ot the 


in good shape. 


batted lieavily, ar 

d Freeman's wo 

k at second 



up to its usual big 

li standard. Tbe tabulated 

score : 

Brown, 2b., 

A.B. R. 

. 4 1 

B.H. T.B. 
1 1 




A. E. 



Fuller, l.f., . 

. 3 1 




Dunning, H., c. 

. 4 2 




4 1 


R. B.H. T.B 





Jaques, s.s., . 

. 4 1 



3 1 

Pennell, p., . . 


2 2 2 



Keyes, lb., . . 

. 4 


Putnam, lb., . . 


2 2 5 


Stewart, .3b., . 

. 3 


1 5 

Hoffman, 3b., . . 


1 1 



McTeer, r.f., . 

. . 1 

Wilson, 2b., . . 


1 1 3 




Stevens, p.. 

. 3 1 




Emery, c 






Dunning, J., c.f.. 

. 3 1 





Day, s.s 





Gould, r.f., 3b., 

. 3 



Marden, l.f., . . 


1 1 

— — 





Garoelon, r.f.. 




Totals, . 

. 32 7 





17 11 

Little, c.f., . . 





Innings, . . 
Bowdoin, . . . 

1 2 



5 f 
1 14 


Totals, . . 

. 42 

9 9 14 





Brunswick, . . 


1- 7 



Earned runs — Bowdoin, 2. Two-base hits — Hilton, 
Tukey, H. Dunning, Gould. Stolen bases — Packard (A), 
Thompson, Freeman, Andrews, Pendleton (2), H. Dun- 
ning (3), Jaques (2), Stevens. Double play — Brown and 
Keyes. Hit by pitched ball — Hutchinson. Base on balls — 
Packard (2), Tukey, Freeman, Andrews (2), Spring (2), 
Pendleton, Fuller, Stevens. Passed balls— Dunning, 5; 
Andrews, 2; Wild pitch — Spring. Struck out— Thomp- 
son, Tukey (2), Hutchinson, Freeman, Brown, Keyes (4), 
Stewart (2), J. Dunning, Gould (2). Time— 1 hour i5 
minutes. Umpires — Kelley and Parsley. 

Presumpscot, 6: Bowdoin, 5. 
Bowdoin played an interesting game with the 
Presumpscot.s, on the delta, Thursday, May 29th. 
The boys started in well, scoring five runs in the 
first inning on good hitting and Webb's wild pitch- 
ing. After that Webb settled down and shut the 
Bowdoins out for the next four innings. At the end 
of the fifth inning the score stood 6 to 5 in favor of 
the Presumpscots. Bowdoin added two runs in her 
half of the sixth, but at this point the Presumpscots 
had to leave in order to catch the train. The score 
by innings: 

12 3 4 5 

Bowdoin 5 0—5 

Presumpscots, 3 3—0 

Earned Runs — Bowdoin, 5; Presumpscots, 5. Two- 
base hits — Webb, F. Burnell. Three-base hit— Webb. 
Home run — Bachelder. Double play — Gilman, Morton, 
Webb, Morton, and Bachelder. Base on Balls— Bowdoin, 
4; Presumpscots, 2. Hit by pitched ball— Hutchinson, 
Tukey. First base on errors— Bowdoin, 1. Struck out 
by Webb, 2. Left on bases— Bowdoin, 6; Presumpscots, 3. 
Time of game— 1 hour. Umpires— Brown of Cumberland 
Mills and Newman. 

Boiodoin, 15 ; Tufts, 2. 
Bowdoin played an exhibition game with the 
Tufts College nine, on the delta, Friday, June 6th. 
She was an easy winner by a score of 15 to 2. The 
features of the game were the fielding of Freeman 
and Fish and the pitching and fielding of Spring. 
Pearson and Holliston did the best fielding for 
Tufts, while Bascome and Lannon made four-fifths 
of the hits. The score : 


Packard, lb., 5 

Fish, 3b., G 

Dunning, c, B 

Hilton, S.B., 4 

Freeman, 2b 4 

Tukey, c.f 4 

Hutchinson, l.f., ... 4 

Newman, r.f 5 

Spring, p 5 

B. P.O. 


43 15 11 11 27 20 


A.B. R. E.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Lannon, 2b., 4 1 2 2 5 2 2 

Pearson, .3b., 4 2 2 

Bascome, c ■ 3 1 2 2 6 1 

Rose, c.f., 4 

Martin, lb., 4 1 1 10 1 

Hunt, l.f., 4 1 1 

Lane, p 4 1 6 

Ellis, r.f 3 1 

Holliston, s.s 3 4 

33 2 5 5 *2e 17 

* Fish out, hit by batted ball. 

Earned Buns— Bowdoin, 2; Tufts, 1. Double play — 
Freeman and Packard. Base on balls — Bowdoin, 4; Tufts, 
1. Hit by pitched ball— Freeman. Passed balls— Dun- 
ning, 2; Bascome, 2. Wild pitches— Lane, 2 Struck out— 
Tukey, Newman, Lannon, Hunt, Lane (2). Time of game 
2 hours 15 minutes. Umpires— Bangs and Burrington. 

Demi-Johns, 21; Original Packac/es, 15. 
The Senior game this year was much more 
interesting and laughable than such contests usu- 
ally are. Lack of space forbids any extended ac- 
count of the fray. The Origiual Packages com- 
mitted a grave error in putting so many pitchers in 
the box, Mike Barns Turner's pitching in the first 
inning being remarkable for poetry of motion, and 
proving very effective. " Vint" Smith was a bright 
and shining Demi-John star at short, while Little- 
field hatched out a long string of goose eggs for a 
record. Prof. Robinson umpired in a manner per- 
fectly satisfactory to both sides. Here are the 
names on the docket and the ofl'enses charged 
against each : 


A.B. K. B.H. T.B. S.B. P.O. A. E. 

Pendleton, c 7 5 4 5 2 14 4 4 

W.K.Smith, p., r.f., 7 5 10 2 2 1 
Alexander, p., lb., . 7 3 1 1 1 1 11 4 
Blanchard, 2b., ..62330241 
Cummings, 3b., ..0 2 000203 
A. V. Smith, s.s., .50110115 

Mitchell, l.f 6 11110 1 

Tolman, c.f 6 2 10 1 

Royal, r.f., lb., ..02110901 


21 12 15 

27 22 21 


A.B. R. B.H. T.B. S.B. P.O. 



15 1 4 

112 5 6 2 

2 2 2 2 12 

12 5 

Turner, p., lb. 

Bartlett, c, p., . . 2 

Dennett, lb., c.f., 2b., 4 

Hunt, 2b., p., 3b., s.s., 5 3 

McCullough, 3b., p., 5 2 2 5 1 1 3 5 

Wingate,s.s.,p.,r.f., 41002045 

Spinney, l.f 4 10 3 

Chandler,c.f.,2b.,c., 5 2 3 10 3 
Littlefield, r.f., c.f., 40000000 

54 15 

14 8 27 23 29 



Colby forfeited the Maine State College game, 
whieli was to have been played at Orouo, May 31st. 

The Bowdoin-Maine State game, scheduled for 
June 6th at Bangor, was postponed. The claims 
of a circus to the ball grounds having been recog- 
nized as superior tc those of the Maine State 

The Bowdoins started on their trip to the 
Provinces on the two o'clock train, Saturday, June 
7th. A full account of the trip will appear in the 
Commencement number of the Orient. 


The crew left for Lake Cayuga, Friday, June 
6th. Dr. Whittier and trainer Plaisted accompan- 
ied them. Home, '91, went as substitute. 

The prize silver cups, nine in number, which 
the crew won in the race with the B. A. A.'s were 
on exhibition in the windows of Byron Stevens' 
Bookstore. They were beauties, and trophies of 
which our eight may justly feel proud. Each cup 
was inscribed as follows: "Match Race, May 30, 

There is to be a rowing regatta in Boston the 
next Fourth of July, the fourth race being open to 
all amateur eight-oared crews ; distance one and 
one-half miles straight away. The first prize will 
consist of nine gold medals and flag, value $125; 
second prize, nine silver medals, value, $75. Why 
shouldn't the Bowdoin eight enter this regatta? 

An eight composed of the followiug men has 
been raciug the 'Varsity daily, using the Davis 
paper practice shell : Mahoney, Home, May, New- 
begin, Stacy, Bartlett, Ridley, Nichols. 


Wright & Ditson offer, through Messrs. Hardy 
and Jarvis, two Sears' Special racquets to the win- 
ners of doubles in the college tournament. The 
winners may select their own weights. 

The tournament is nearing its end. Look out 
for some pretty contests among the leaders. 

Brown has been requested to be one of six colleges 
to bear the expense of the Northfleld Bible School 
next summer. Efforts are being made to raise the 
required amount. Tlie other Ave colleges will prob- 
ably be Williams, Yale, Harvard, Princeton, and 

A i-esolution has been passed by the Cornell 
Faculty abolishing athletics from the campus, much 
to the regret of the students. 

'39. — A portrait in oil of 
Rev. Charles F. Allen, 
D.D., the first President of the Maine 
State College, has been painted for 
the alumni association of that institution, 
and it is to be hung in the library of the 
college. It is the work of Miss H. B. Skeele, and is 
pronounced a fine likeness. 

'45. — Rev. Joshua Young has an able article on 
"Moral Education" in the May number of Lend a 

'50. — Gen. O. O. Howard is to deliver the anni- 
versary oration at Bridgton Academy, July 1st. 

'57. — Mr. A. C. Stockin, for the past twenty years 
the New England manager of Harper & Brothers, 
retires from that house very soon. Harper has sold 
his school book business to the trust otherwise known 
as the American School Book Company and Mr. 
Stockin consequently retires. He has been an un- 
usually able manager and has well earned the leisure 
that he will now enjoy. 

'73. — Prof. F. C. Robinson has for some time past 
been investigating the matter of wall paper for the 
State Board of Health. In a number of cases he has 
found arsenic in dangerous quantities. 

'76. — Arlo Bates has an interesting story in the 
current number of the Century. 

'77.— Rev. E. M. Cousins, of Cumberland Mills, 
will preach the annual sermon at the General Con- 
ference of Congregational Churches, to be held at 
Bridgton, June 17th to Uith. 

'83. — Professor Hutchins has an article in the 
current number of the American Journal of Science 
giving an account of recent investigations in regard 
to the radiant energy of the standard candle and the 
mass of meteors. 

'84. — Rev. Charles W. Longren has accepted a 
call to the pastorate of the Congregational church at 
Barre, Vt. 

'87.— Edgar L. Means was. May 22d, elected Presi- 
dent of the Orleans State Bank of Orleans, Nebraska. 

'88. — H. L. Shaw has been appointed first assist- 
ant cashier in the First National Bank at Cardifi", 

'88. — The engagement of Mr. Joseph William- 
son, Jr., of Belfast, and Miss Vallie Burleigh, of 
Augusta, has recently been announced. Tlie Orient 
extends congi-atulations. 



The Princeton Faculty have consented to allow 
the Tiger to be re-established. This paper held a 
place similar to that occupied by the Lampoon at 
Harvard and the Record at Yale. 

Amherst easily won first place in the recent ath- 
letic meet at Worcester. 

Fifteen thousand dollars has been given to Am- 
herst College by Mr. B. B. Pratt, of Brooklyn, to 
purchase and equip a new athletic field. 

Thirty-two Williams Seniors, out of a class of 
eighty, will speak at Commencement. An average 
of 82J per cent, on all studies was required. 

There is a movement on foot in the University of 
Pennsylvania to establish a chair of the Irish lan- 

The next convention of the New England Intercol- 
legiate Press Association will be held at Providence, 
R. I., under the auspices of the Brunonian and the 
Brown Magazine. 

The Seniors at Princeton and Williams colleges 
are discussing the advisability of wearing the cap 
and gown. 



lit low prices, send to 

J4^. W. Ellis, Stationer, 

Autistic Wouh a SpiccrAi/rv. 

CoLLEGiE Bookstore 

No. 19 Maine Hall. 


looks, itationerij,f iporting loods. 






Journal Office, Lewiston, Maine. 


GFip|)t-©lGt§§ ^pinting 

For Schools and Colleges. 


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AililrcBS all orders to the 


Lewiston, Maine, 


=;> Commencement Number. 

Vol. XX. 


No. 5. 




T. S. Burr, '91, Managing Editor. 
A. T. Brown, '91, Business Editor. 
L. A. Burleigh, '91. E. H. Neweegin, '91. 

H. S. Chapman, '91. B. D. Kidlon, '91. 

H. W. Jarvis, '91. F. V. GuMMER, '92. 

C. S. F. Lincoln, '91. C. "W. Peabody, '93. 

Per annum, in advance $2.00, 

Single Copies 15 cents. 

Extra copies can beobtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to tlie Business Editor. 

Reraittauces sliouldbe made to the Business Editor. Coni- 
munioations in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
liter.ary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Entered at the Post-Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 

Vol. XX., No. .5. -June 25, 1890. 

Editorial Note.s 

Miscellaneous : 

Fi-eshmen Celebrate ' 

Professor Charles H . Smith, .' .' 

The Bowdoin-Cornell Race, '. ' 

Commencement Exercises : 

Baccalaureate Sermon, 

Junior Prize Declamation 

Class Day, . . . 

In Memorial '.'.'. 

Oration '.','.' 

Poem . 

Under the Oak . . . 

Opening Address, . . 

Class History, ' 

Class Prophecy, ',','.'.'. 

Parting Address, 

Smoking Pipe of Peace, Singing Class Ode, and Cheer 

ing the Halls 

Dance on Green, Memorial , , 

Medical Graduation, 

Oration Before Medical Class - . . 

Meeting of Phi Beta Kappa, '. ' ' 

Meeting of the Board of Overseers 

Address by Rev. Euen Thomas '....'." 

Alumni Game \ [ 

Commencement Concert, '. ', ' ' 

Fraternity Reunions . . . 

Aluinni Meeting 

Commencement Exercises . . . 

Goodwin Commencement Prize Oration, . . . . . 
Commencement Dinner and Post-Prandial Exercises 

President's Reception, ' ' 

Examination of Candidates for Admission, '.'.'' 


Collegii Tabula 

Perso.nals \ 

College M'orld, ' 

With this issue of the Orient we 
publish in full the Class-Day parts and the 
Goodwin Commencement Oration. The 
Medical Oration has also been given in full, 
and an extended account of the Commence- 
ment Dinner, with coi:)ious abstracts of the 
post-prandial speeches, has been published. 
The article upon Professor Smith is from the 
pen of Professor Little, and should enhance 
the value of the publication in the ej'es of 
every student. Dr. Whittier's account of 
the Bowdoin-Cornell race may be depended 
upon as authentic, notwithstanding news- 
paper articles from Cornell to the contrary. 
We have endeavored in presenting the Com- 
mencement Orient, to give to the students 
and alumni the most complete account of 
the various Commencement exercises ever 
sent out from the Orient office. The meas- 
ure of our success is for the student to de- 
termine. Extra copies have been ordered 
from the publisher, and may be obtained, 
post paid, upon application to D. M. Cole, 
Brunswick. It is hoped that the full edition 
will be disposed of, as the expense entailed 
by an unusually large issue is necessarily 
considerable. Extra coijies, 25 cents each. 

TTTHE student who in his eagerness to re- 
-^ turn home at the close of the college 
year, " cuts " the exercises of Commence- 



nient week, is guilty of a double injxistice. 
He is unjust to himself, and unjust in his 
relations to the College. Unjust to himself 
because he debars himself from the many- 
pleasant events and experiences attendant 
upon Commencement, and from the privilege 
of meeting and mingling with the many dis- 
tinguished sons of Bowdoin, who at this 
season return to do honor to their Alma 
Mater. To meet and converse with the mem- 
bers of the visiting alumni, to listen to their 
enthusiastic speeches at College or Fraternity 
banquets, cannot but arouse the spirit and 
ambition of the undergraduate, and the de- 
termination to become more of a prop 
and less of a stick, in the construction 
of the grand old institution of which he 
forms a part. He is unjust to the Alma 
Mater, because in his absence he removes 
from her one of the best evidences of her 
prosperity and advancement. Budding 
foliage and well kept lawns and walks may 
add to the attractiveness of the campus and 
college surroundings, but it is the men, and 
not only the men of the graduating class 
but those of lower standing, who have as 
yet reached but the lower rounds of the col- 
lege ladder, to whom the alumni look for in- 
dications of prosperity and progress. It is a 
pleasure to the alumni to meet and converse 
with the young men who are now in college. 
They love to look about them and note the 
manner in which the positions which they 
once occupied are now filled. They like to 
look over and test the material which the 
college is sending out into the world each 
year, to be turned into men ; and this not 
only as it relates to the members of the out- 
going class, but to the class following, and 
to all the classes back through the four years. 
Let the members of the undergraduate 
body, therefore, bear these facts in mind, 
and next year lend their hearty co-operation 
in making Commencement, a week of such 
pleasure and profit to students and alumni 

alike, that in succeeding years it may never 
be found necessary to urge the attendance 
of either upon the Commencement exercises. 

'UMONG other events which have marked 
/ ^ the course of the past year has been the 
quiet resignation of Phi Chi from activity 
in college interests. With the death of haz- 
ing disapjDear many of the familiar old cus- 
toms, which in past years have supplied the 
spice of life to the monotony of fall term. 
In previous years the fall sports have degen- 
erated into mere pretexts, for the Sopho- 
mores to exert their privilege of terrorizing 
the Freshmen. With the abolition of hazing 
there will no longer be any object in carry- 
ing out the fall sports in the manner of pre- 
vious years. Victories have been no indica- 
tion of strength, and outside interference 
has removed every semblance of fairness 
from the different contests. With the ath- 
letic renaissance at Bowdoin, it seems as 
though some more satisfactory method of 
Sophomore-Freshman contest might be de- 
vised. What the Orient would suggest is 
a Fall Tournament, in which the Sophomores 
and Freshmen shall settle the three contests, 
foot-ball, base-ball, and tug-of-war, according 
to the rules governing these sports. As soon 
as the term opens the two classes should 
select the men for the contests, organize reg- 
ular teams, and see that the ones selected 
take a proper course of training and prac- 
tice for the different events. Each eleven 
should choose one of the 'varsity men as a 
coach, and each nine should practice faith- 
fully. About the sixth week of the term 
the games should be played. In this way 
the athletic material in the Freshman class 
would be brought forward, and not be 
allowed to languish like a candle under a 
bushel. It is highly probable that the fall 
races will be revived next year. If this is 
the case arrangements could be made by 
which the foot-ball, base-ball, and tug-of-war 



could be decided in the forenoon, and the 
afternoon devoted to the races on the river. 
The scheme suggested would serve a double 
purpose. It would settle the athletic ques- 
tion between the lower classes in a manner 
fair and satisfactory to all, and would serve 
to bring out the very best material in the 
three branches of athletics represented. 

^ITHE close of the present college year sig- 
^ nalizes the departure from us of one of 
our best loved Professors. In Professor 
Smith the college sustains the loss of one 
whose place it will be most difficult to fill. 
Earnest and sincere, Professor Smith has 
faithfully performed whatever duties have 
devolved upon him in his connection with 
the college work. His resignation is a blow 
not only to those now in college, but to all 
who shall come here after. Our loss is 
another's gain. Bowdoin congratulates Yale, 
and bids Professor Smith Godspeed in his 
departure for his Alma Mate?-. 

TTfHE subject of the Bowdoin-Cornell I'ace 
-*• has been so thoroughly discussed in the 
papers that editorial comment from the Ori- 
ent hardly seems necessary, yet we wish 
to say a few words in explanation of our 
attitude toward Cornell. From the time of 
our proposition to row until a day or two 
before the race, Cornell seemed to look upon 
Bowdoin and her aspirations to boating hon- 
ors, with a sort of calm contempt. She 
seemed to forget that Bowdoin has proved 
her Waterloo on more than one occasion be- 
fore, and the idea that our eight might pos- 
sibly cross the line the winning crew, never 
seemed to enter her mind. When the Bow- 
doin boys first launched their shell on Ithaca 
water, Cornell sports were offering five to 
one on their crew. This shows the opinion 
in which Bowdoin oarsmen were held by the 
members of our sister institution. A few 
days before the race, after the Cornell men 

had seen our boys dip the oars, and after 
they had piped off our stroke and familiar- 
ized themselves with Plaisted's system, by 
steaming along in their launch by the side 
of our boat when the boys were taking their 
daily practice spin, a panic seemed to strike 
the betting men. They awoke for the first 
time to the fact that Bowdoin was in it. 
Immediately the odds on Cornell dropped 
off and hedging was the dodge. Cornell was 
nervous. They felt that they had a stern 
chase before them, and consulted with the 
tricky Courtney. The man who saws his 
own shell in two, or performs the same cer- 
emony on his opponent's oars was equal to 
the occasion, and out from his fertile brain, 
we suppose, sprung the contemptible trick 
by which Bowdoin was literallj' frozen out 
of the race. The story of the long wait in 
the cold wind that blew up the white caps 
on lake Cayuga that day is familiar to all. 
The story of the mob of Cornell sympa- 
thizers who surrounded the Bowdoin quar- 
ters, and who would doubtless have demol- 
ished our shell had not Bowdoin muscle 
proved more than a match for Ithaca fire-water, 
is too well known to require repetition. This 
is the inside report of the race, the report 
which Cornell did not intend to be made 
23ublic through the columns of the daily news- 
papers. With such treatment and under 
such circumstances as this, it would have 
been a miracle if Bowdoin had won the race. 
To be beaten no more than they were in a 
three-mile race under perfectly fair condi- 
tions, would have been no disgrace, but tak- 
ing the circumstances of the case into con- 
sideration, coupled with the fact that a few 
days before, in the same water Bowdoin had 
covered the three miles in one minute 
quicker time than that in which Cornell 
won, there seems to be no reason why we 
should be ashamed of our plucky crew. We 
want to meet Cornell again. We want to 
find out, if we can be given an opportunity 



to find out fairly, whether Bowdoiii or her 
Western adversary is supreme. Give us a 
race on neutral waters, say at Springfield or 
on the Charles, and with fair treatment and 
equal conditions the question cannot long 
be left in doubt. 

Freshmen Celebrate. 

'Ninety-Three Banquets at the Falmouth ! 

0N Thursday, June 19th, the Freshman 
class was no more. The last fossil had 
been slain, the resurrection had come, and 
the class with singing and cheers took the 
4.30 train for Portland to celebrate their 
Freshman exit. It was a jolly crowd, and 
well they might be jolly. They had come 
out from under the bushel of Freshman in- 
nocence and verdancy, to merge themselves 
in the more brilliant whirl of Sophomore 
depravity and tuff n ess. 

Portland was persistently besieged and 
unconditionally surrendered. The class 
marched through Congress and Middle 
Streets, from Union Station to the Falmouth, 
ringing out the grand old hymn and endeav- 
oring in every way to attract attention to 
the immaculate plug hats and natty canes, 
the symbols of true Sophomority. At the 
Falmouth the class separated to "do the 
town " each man for himself. The town was 
"did." Ah, fortunate Portland belle who 
received on that evening in June the devoted 
attention of the knight of the hat and cane ! 
At ten o'clock the class was once more 
united, and forming a line invaded the din- 
ing-room wreaking dire devastation. After 
the wreckage had been cleared away. Toast- 
master McArthur gave the official ra[) and 
the post prandials began. The following 
toasts were responded to : 

Bowdoin, . . . . A. C. Fling. 

'Ninety-Three, . . . P. E. Stanley. 

'Varsity Crew, . . . A. A. Hussey. 
Our President, . . . F. A. Frost. 
Matzke, . . . . A. R. Jenks. 

Many amusing hits were made by the 
various victims of the toast-master's prerog- 
ative, and the soul of good humor prevailed. 
The literary programme was as follows : 

Opening Address, . . Artliur S. Haggett. 

Ode, — Air, Prisoner's Hope, Clarence W. Peabody. 
History, . . . Charles C. Bucknam. 

Infant, . F. E. Cummings, Nursing Bottle. 

Odist, . H. A. Owen, . . Cologne. 

Paver, . B. F. Barker, . . Corn Salve. 

Tennis Players, Chapin and Wilder, Racquets. 
Tumbler, . A. S. Haggett, . . Mattress. 
Modesty Personified, A. C. Fling, . . Mask. 
Horseman, F. A. Frost, .... Whip. 

Oration, Philip E. Stanley. 

Ode, — Air, America, . . Philip E. Stanley. 

Poem, .... Clarence W. Peabody. 
Prophecy, .... Milton S. Clifford. 


Officers of '93. 

President, .... Elmer H. Carleton. 

Secretary, .... Harry S. Baker. 

Committee of Arrangements, . Richard C. Payson, 

Weston P. Chamberlain, 

Alley R. Jenks. 

Committee on Odes, . . Herbert A. Owen, 

Geoi'ge Scott Chapin, 

Harry Smith Emery. 

The class introduces an innovation in the 
matter of class presentations, and one which 
succeeding classes would do well to copy. 

The various parts were well written and 
well delivered. The Odes possess snap and 
abound in class spirit and enthusiasm. It 
was a late hour when the class finally 
adjourned, not to the realm of Morpheus but 
to the street where a night attack on Port- 
land was attempted, but was nipped in the 
bud by the ever-watchful Forest City cop. 
At last the last man had mounted to the 
fifth story and the early morning sun peep- 
ing in at the Falmouth sky parlor windows, 
gazed upon the sleeping forms of the men of 
'93, sweet smiles parting their innocent lips. 



Professor Charles H. Smith. 

TITHE departure from Bowdoiu of one who 
■^ has held for nearly a score of years an 
important place in the Faculty of the college, 
seems to justify if not to demand a fuller 
account of his life than has yet appeared in 
these columns. Professor Charles Henry 
Smith, whose resignation of the chair of 
Political Economy and History, is the one 
dark shadow resting on the past academic 
year, was born 14 May, 1842, in Beirut, 
Syria. His father. Rev. Eli Smith, D.D., 
graduated at Yale in 1821, in the same class 
with Rev. George E. Adams, D.D., for forty 
years the pastor of the Congregational church 
in Brunswick. Rev. Dr. Smith, for a third 
of a century a missionary of the American 
Board, M'as one of the ablest and most 
learned of the many devoted men who have 
given themselves to self-sacrificing labor in 
foreign mission fields. To his efficient co- 
operation was due in great measure the 
remarkable accuracy of a work which 
wrought a complete revolution in Biblical 
Geography, Robinson's Biblical Researches in 
Palestine. To his great scholarship and un- 
remitting labor belongs the honor of the 
famous translation of the Bible into Arabic, 
which occupied the last ten years of his life, 
and has been pronounced one of the best 
renderings of the Holy Scriptures ever made. 
Professor Smith's mother was a daughter of 
Judge Chapin of Rochester, N. Y., also a 
graduate of Yale. 

Professor Smith's youth was spent in 
Beirut, where he received his early education 
and soon learned the habits of earnest appli- 
cation and unselfish effort which have since 
characterized his life. He formed the ac- 
quaintance not only of many noble men and 
women from America, but of several Syrian 
scholars of prominence, who were assisting 
his father. In 1857 he came to this country 
and pursued with credit the preparatory 

coiirse for college at Williston Seminary, 
East Hampton, Mass. He entered Yale just 
as the civil war was breaking out. It might 
be supposed that to one whose life had 
largely been spent in a foreign land the con- 
test would have had but little interest. The 
contrary was the case. He gave every spare 
moment to eager perusal of the newspapers, 
and if the courses in American history, he 
is to conduct at Yale, include this period, 
his students will find their instructor, though 
a young man, acquainted with every detail 
of the rebellion. It is hardly necessary to 
say that he secured several mathematical 
prizes during his course, but some may be 
interested to know that he also took the 
prize offered his class for the best poem. 
He was a member of the Alpha Delta Phi 
Fraternity. At his graduation in 1865 he 
stood second in his class and delivered the 
Latin salutatory. Since that time he has 
given himself entirely to teaching and though 
by no means of robust health, has suffered 
no interruption of his life-work, nor taken 
for himself any extended vacation. He was 
for a year assistant teacher in the Hopkins 
Grammar School at New Haven, Conn., and 
for the same length of time principal of the 
High School at Lenox, Mass. From 1867 to 
1869 he was tutor at Yale, giving instruction 
in Mathematics and Natural Philosophy. In 
the last mentioned year he married Miss 
Elizabeth Munn, of Lyons, N. Y., whose 
circle of friends is as wide as that of her 
acquaintance. He was then for four years 
a teacher in Mt. Auburn Institute, Cincin- 
nati, Ohio. in Januarj' of 1874 he came to 
Brunswick and took the chair of Mathe- 
matics, left vacant by the resignation of Pro- 
fessor C. J. Rockwood, Jr. Of Professor 
Smith's instruction in Mathematics it is need- 
less to speak at length to Bowdoin men. 
The thoroughness and accuracy of his teach- 
ing, the clearness and conciseness of his ex- 
planations are known to every graduate of 



the last fifteen years, and few of them are 
ignorant of the high aim and purpose which 
has animated his persistent, exacting, and 
3'et kindly questioning in the class-room. 
When in 1885 he rehnqiiished Mathematics 
and assumed the charge of instruction in 
History and Political Economy, he brought 
to this important chair the same exact, yet 
broad knowledge of facts and the power of 
making luminous the subject in hand. The 
universal regret which his resignation has 
evoked is the best evidence of the success 
he has achieved. 

Not alone by his skill as a teacher has he 
served Bowdoin. His integrity and fairness, 
his Jiatural ability, and the breadth of his 
attainments, have given him a leading and 
most deserved influence in all college mat- 
ters. To him we owe the jury system now 
in successful operation, by which a large 
degree of self-government is exercised by 
the undergraduates. To him also was largely 
due the movement a few years since that 
resulted in tlie erection of the present com- 
modious gymnasium. 

In leaving Brunswick he carries with 
him the esteem and respect of all who have 
come to know him. 

The Bowdoin-Cornell Race. 

TITHE eight-oared race between Cornell and 
^ Bowdoin was rowed June 18th, on Ca- 
yuga Lake. The da}' was fine and a crowd 
of perhaps ten thousand people gathered 
from the surrounding country to see the 
first 'Varsity race ever rowed at Ithaca. The 
course was on the west side of the lake, the 
starting line being near the head of the lake, 
some three-fourths of a mile below Cornell's 
boat-house, the finish three miles down the 
lake, about one-lialf mile below the Glen- 
wood Hotel where Bowdoin was quartered. 
Up to within a day or two of the race every- 
thing went well with our crew, but at last 

there came the traditional Bowdoin ill luck. 
For in each of the last three practice pulls 
an outrigger was broken, and so at the last 
moment it vi^as found necessary to change 
every outrigger in the boat, thus giving the 
crew no time to get accustomed to the new 

The time appointed for the race was 
5.30 P.M. On the day before the race Com- 
modore Shearn, of the Cornell Navy, made 
a special request that Bowdoin should be on 
the starting line promptly at that hour, in 
order, as he said, that the Cornell crew might 
not be kept waiting. 

On Wednesday the referee came to Bow- 
doin's quarters at 5 o'clock and ordered the 
crew out, telling them to be sure to be on 
the starting line at 5.30. Bowdoin launched 
her shell at 5.10 and rowed two and one-half 
miles up the lake to the line, arriving at the 
time appointed. There they were kept wait- 
ing for nearly an hour and three-quarters. 
Cornell, though repeatedly ordered out by 
the referee, failed to appear, giving the 
"rough water" as an excuse. 

The referee. Dr. Hitchcock of Cornell, 
strongly condemned the action of the Cor- 
nell crew, characterizing their delay as a 
" mean trick." 

Dr. Hitchcock asked the Bowdoin judge 
if he would not prefer to wait for Cornell, 
rather than claim the race b}'^ default. For 
many reasons it seemed better for Bowdoin 
to row the race at a disadvantage instead of 
claiming the race without rowing. About 
seven o'clock the wind suddenly moderated 
and the referee succeeded in getting Cornell 
out on the line. By this time the Bowdoin 
men, tired out by their long delay, had be- 
come chilled and stiffened, and without 
doubt this goes far to account for their 
failure to row with their usual speed and 
form. But, in spite of all disadvantages, 
Bowdoin made a good fight, doing her best 
rowing in the last mile where she clearly 



gained on Cornell. There were at the most 
not more than two lengths of clear water 
between the crews at the finish. 

The official time of the crews for the three 
miles was : Cornell, 17 minutes 30 seconds ; 
Bowdoin, 17 minutes 89 seconds. Following 
is the make-up of the crews : 

No. Name. 

1. Cilley, 

2. Sears, 




ft. in. Weight. 

.■) 8 145 

5 6 140 

3. Carleton, . 





4. Jaokson, . 





5. Hastings, H. H 





6. Parker, . 





7. Hastings, C. H. 





Stroke, Lynam, 





Coxswain, Sliaw, 


Average age — 22 years 9 moi 





1. Osgood, 





2. Benedict, . 





3. Wolfe, 





4. Hill, 





.5. Marston, . 





6. Hagerraan, 





7. Upton, 
Stroke, Dale, . 






Coxswain, Emerick 



Average age — 2i 

years 9 months ; 



Commencement £xeFeipee 
Baccalaureate Sermon, 

By Rev. William DeWitt Hyde, D.D., President of 
BowDOiN College, 

Delivered before the Class of '90, at the Conqregational 
Church, Brunswick, Me. 

For whosoever would save his life shall lose it; and 
whosoever shall lose his life for my sake and the gospel's, 
shall save it. — Mark 8:35. 

The text is cue of the most characteristic of the 
sayings of Jesus. It is reported by each of the 
evangelists. It is Jesus' answer to the question of 
all moral and religious philosophy. How shall man 
realize himself most fully, freely, and successfully ? 
The answer is even more striking and paradoxical 
than it appears in our English version. Substitute 

from the margin soul for life, and you will get 
more of its startling effect. The man who cares 
supremely and ultimately about saving his own soul, 
Jesus says, has not ranch of a soul to save, and is 
in danger of losing the little that he has. Only he 
who is willing to throw his whole soul, generously, 
bravely, self-forgetfully, into a grand and glorious 
cause, only be has soul enough to be saved, and this 
whole-souled devotion of life to high and noble ends, 
this is itself salvation and eternal life. 

There is a haughty contempt for everything 
mean and cowardly and efferainate and sentimental 
in this paradox of Jesus. It appeals directly to 
what is noblest in man, and scorns to deal with him 
on any mercenary and calculating terms. Unless 
a man can rise to the height of my sacriQce, he 
says, unless he can drink of the cup that I drink 
of, there is no use talking with him about seats on 
the right hand or on the left. If any man would 
come after me, let him deny himself, and take 
up his cross and follow me. Throw yourself into 
my service, and you shall have all the hardship and 
conflict you want. But if you seek to live an easy- 
going, comfortable, respectable life, and then by 
some magical device get yourselves scooped up into 
heaven at last, I have nothing to do with you. You 
are not fit for the kingdom of heaven. You cannot 
be my disciple. All I have to say to you is that 
whosoever would save his life in that selfish, cow- 
ardly, stingy, contemptible fashion, will be cheated 
out of it. 

Jesus' answer, you see, does not soimd much like 
the prudent maxims of conventional morality, nor 
does it altogether accord with some of the neat little 
plaus of salvation which orthodox theology has 
tried so hard to squeeze Jesus' teaching into. 

The attempts men have made to save their 
souls, or lives, all fall into two classes. One class 
aim to save their souls by the cultivation of abstract 
virtue; the other aim to preserve their lives by the 
pursuit of pleasure. The cynic, wrapped in the 
pride of self-sufQcient virtue, with rags and squalor 
to set it off, and the Cyrenaic, lolling upon the couch 
of luxurious self-indulgence, heedless of the claims 
of family friendship, society or state — these are the 
two rough models in coarsest clay of which all non- 
Christian theories of ethics and a good many so- 
called Christian systems of theology are more or less 
polished and gilded reproductions. 

Neither one of these theories can produce a 
rounded character, a truly noble life. There is 
about the former, the pursuit of virtue for virtue's ' 
sake, a certain hardness, austerity, and coldness, 



which may win our admiration, but repels our love. 
This self-centered righteousness of the cynic, the 
stoic, the monk, the ascetic, the Puritan, may be 
grand, and awful, and sublime; it is not kind, 
sweet, meek. Of all the refinements of the theory 
of salvation by self-conscious virtue we may say 
what Plato said of the rude founder of the system : 
"I see the pride of Antisthenes through the holes 
in his mantle"; and to their claims of lofty superi- 
ority to our more luxurious habits we may retort as 
Plato did when the cynic spat upon the elegant 
rugs as he entered the academy, remarking, "Thus 
I pour contempt upon the pride of Plato." " Yes," 
said Plato, " with a greater pride of your own." 

Self-conscious virtue can never escape the curse 
of conceit. It can never transcend the petty con- 
fines of a man's own individuality. Hence that 
largeness and fullness and richness and nobleness 
of life which Jesus calls salvation must be for all 
such systems an impossibility. 

Likewise, you may take the other model out of 
the coarse clay of Cyrenaic ethics. You may embody 
the conception in bronze or marble, as Epicurus 
did; you may adorn it with gold and silver, and 
deck it out with jewels, as Bentham and Mill and 
Spencer most magnificently have done, yet as long 
as you retain the essential features of the model, 
pleasure for pleasure's sake, there will be a brittle- 
ness about it which will make you hesitate to submit 
it to the severest strains of friendship; which will 
be all too weak to bear with patience the life-long 
burdens often involved in fidelity to family relation- 
ships; which will prove unequal to the task of the 
highest heroism sometimes demanded in the service 
of the state; and which will shrink back from the 
complete self-sacrifice that is always latent in any 
worthy confession of religion. 

And yet these two theories, the saving of the 
soul by self-conscious, abstract virtue, and the sat- 
isfying it with abundance of pleasure, in one form 
or another, or in attempted combination, are the 
only conceivable solutions of the problem which 
non-Christiau philosophy has to otter. They are 
both utterly inadequate. One is too hard and cold; 
the other is too soft and effeminate. Neither abstract 
virtue nor abstract pleasure can satisfy the soul and 
save the life of man. 

What, then, is the Christian solution of the 
problem. The life of the soul, says Christ, consists 
in having a perfect person as the object and ideal 
of our affection, and a lofty mission as the channel 
and career of our devotion. For my sake and the 
gospel's, says Christ, you must throw away the poor 

life of individual likes and dislikes, whims and 
fancies ; you must let your private self, with its 
ambitions, desires, appetites, and passions, be swal- 
lowed up in the larger life of love to Christ and 
devotion to the good of man. You must cease to 
care supremely for those petty, personal satisfac- 
tions which you can go off into a corner and munch 
by yourself, with at most one or two select compan- 
ions. You must widen and expand the range of 
your interest, affection, and devotion until, not in 
idle curiosity, but in active willingness to help and 
serve and save, you can say : Nothing human is 
alien to myself. Every child of God, every brother 
and sister of Christ, is also a brother and sister of 
my own; and I will join hands with Christ in the 
glorious task of working out in human life and 
human institutions that kingdom of righteousness 
and good-will among men which he came to estab- 

Do you not see how this living for Christ, and 
with Christ for hua:anity, lifts one up out of those 
toils of individualism which entangle both the advo- 
cates of virtue for virtue's sake and the devotees of 
pleasure for pleasure's sake ? Do you not see how 
it expands the sympathies, enriches the affections, 
strengthens the will, and elevates the whole man 
into a higher, holier life? Do you not see that 
losing the little life of selfish satisfactions and gain- 
ing the larger life of love to a perfect person and 
devotion to an exalted and universal aim are oppo- 
site sides of one and the self-same thing? Because 
one cannot at the same time be both little and great, 
both selfish and generous, both ignoble and noble, 
therefore renunciation of the merely individual life 
is the condition of entering into that fullness of the 
divine life of self-devoted love wherein the salvation 
of the soul consists. 

The chief difference between one who is not a 
Christian and one who is, lies here, that the former 
limits the range of his sympathy and devotion to 
what ho thinks can bo of service to himself as a 
separate individual, in the way of comfort, culture, 
pleasure, honor, and growth in character, while the 
latter sees in every human being a child of his own 
dear Father, and, like the Father, seeks to do for 
these other children of God, and brethren and 
sisters of himself, all the good he can. 

How much grander, richer, fuller, deeper, 
broader, higher, this true Christian life is than any 
other life conceivable by man I What the ocean is 
to the raindrop, what the masses of stars are to the 
dust of the balance, that the length and breadth 
and depth and height of the Christian life is in com- 



parison to the poor, narrow, dwarfed, stunted, with- 
ered, shriveled soul of the man or woman who 
contracts the sphere of affection and devotion to the 
poor, petty limits of what vcill feed, clothe, warm 
the individual body; flatter, favor, and console the 
individual mind; and absorb, amuse, and entertain 
the selfish individual heart. May God deliver every 
one of us from the miserable fate of shrinking and 
shriveling our souls to these contemptible dimen- 
sions; from this dry-rot of selfishness, this corrup- 
tion of egoism, this death of sin ! 

Let us now consider some of the points of supe- 
riority in this conception of gaining one's life by 
losing the life of separate selfishness in the larger 
life of devotion to universal aims, has over the ordi- 
nary ways of looking at morals and religion. In the 
first place this view clears up and fills with trans- 
parent meaning many of the doctrines of religion 
which otherwise remain dry, dull, and meaningless 
formulas. Leave this conception out of your relig- 
ious thoughts; think of Christianity as a means of 
getting something good for yourself, here or here- 
after, and every doctrine of religion is reduced to 
nonsense and contradiction. It makes religion the 
apotheosis of selfishness instead of the consumma- 
tion of self-sacrifice. It makes being more of a 
Christian, involve being less of a man or woman. 
It asks you to stifle the enthusiasm of youth ; it asks 
you to curtail your freedom; it bids you narrow the 
circle of your intimacy; it drives you into the 
narrow, hollow, ugly shell of a profession that you 
think yourself better than other people in this 
present world, and hope to fare better than others 
in the world to come. Take this conception of 
entering into God's love to all his children out of 
Christianity, and you leave God nothing but an 
arbitrary oriental potentate, in whom the less we 
believe the better; you make of Christ an awful 
being in the skies to frighten cowards and crimi- 
nals into making terms; you make of the Holy 
Spirit an unsubstantial ghost; you make of the 
church a close corporation of conceited Pharisees; 
yon make prayer a blank check on omnipotence, for 
avarice to fill in the amounts; you make the sacra- 
ments mere magic rites; you make salvation a sort 
of insurance policy, and heaven an everlasting 
lubber land. This is not caricature; it is the 
faithful delineation of the ghastly features of a 
religion that calls itself Christianity, and leaves out 
of its conception of God, Christ, and the Spirit, out 
of its conception of the church and the Christian 
man, that life of loving devotion to the good of 
others which is the very essence of the Christian 

revelation of what God is and what man is to 
become. Put this thought and this spirit into 
religion and every Christian doctrine becomes clear 
as science. Being born again, regeneration, con- 
version, is seen to mean passing out of this wretched 
life of selfishness into the glorious life of service. 
Faith is firm adherence to the truth that the life 
of Christ is the only life worth living. Being a 
Christian is simply living in this generous spirit, 
which is the spirit of Christ. Growing up toward 
and out iuto the grandeur of this ideal which Christ 
has given us is what we mean by growth in grace. 
The common enjoyment and the mutual encourage- 
ment of one another in this life of love to God and 
our fellow-men is the essence of Christian fellowship 
and the meaning of church membership. Our efforts 
together with Christ to bring into this world a 
kingdom of peace and good-will is the ground of 
whatever hope we have that God will provide for us 
a heaven in the world to come. 

Oh, if the young men of this generation will 
bring to the church of Christ this spirit of loving 
devotion to the good of men, what a mighty work 
they will do in clearing away the clouds of mediseval 
metaphysics that obscure the doctrines of theology, 
and letting in the light of simple gospel truth upon 
the principles of religion. 

Secondly, this conception ennobles and purifies 
and sweetens every sphere of human life. 

You w'ho are about to enter into real life, beware 
of entering any sphere of life, domestic, social, or 
professional, with this thought left out of it. There 
is nothing in all the world so utterly tragical as the 
sight of a soul trying to find life in any external 
relationships, when this divine principle of unselfish 
love is absent. What a dreary, dreadful thing mar- 
riage proves to those who enter it thinking to find 
in it their selfish, separate, egoistic satisfaction ! 
No force of passion, no gloss of sentimentality, can 
permanently conceal its avrful inadequacy to satisfy 
a soul that brings to it merely a self to be gratified, 
and served, and entertained, and adored. Were it 
not for the merciful emancipation from selfishness 
that the helpless cries of children bring with them, 
the enormous pressure upon our divorce courts of 
dissatisfied, disappointed selfishness would be ten- 
fold greater than it is. 

What a hollow, empty thing social life becomes 
after the first round of excitement is worn olf, to 
those who seek simply to make an impression on 
others, to win flattery, to evoke admiration, to pro- 
voke envy by ostentation and display. What 
wonder that nervous prostration, ennui, pessimism, 



and despair reap such harvests from every season 
of this empty, unreal moelsery of friendliness and 

How deadening, soul-destroying a thing business 
becomes to the man who merely aims to make 
money out of it. What wonder that his heart be- 
comes as hard as the treasure that he hoards. 

How vain and vexatious the life of study and 
scholarship when merely one's own reputation and 
conceit of learning are its goal. What wonder_that 
the pedant's soul becomes as dry as the dust upon 
his book-shelves, and his heart as dead as the facts 
which he tabulates. 

How hollow a farce is the career of would-be 
poet, orator, painter, or politician who makes his 
own name and fame the object of his lucubrations. 
Is it strange that "vanity of vanities" should be 
their common confession whenever they venture to 
utter confidentially to one another and the world 
the secrets of their inmost souls? 

The blackness of pessimism, the outer darkness 
of insatiable selfishness, is the inevitable doom of 
every soul that looks on life without the light of a 
Christlike love to illumine it. Flat, stale, and un- 
profitable will seem all the uses of the world to any 
thoughtful mind whose contemplation of them is 
not quickened and uplifted by a loving devotion to 
the universal life. This pure element of fife-giving, 
life-sustaining love, banishing the mists and vapors 
of sensual, selfish, individualistic aims, is the cement 
of the true marriage bond ; the secret of healthful 
social intercourse; the key to moral success or busi- 
ness; the ticket of admission to the first rank 
among statesmen, artists, and men of letters. This 
principle can make any human relationship blessed, 
any station noble, any work glorious, any calling 

Thirdly, this ideal of life harmonizes with the 
highest ideals of the age. 

This conception of the end of the individual life 
as loving devotion to the universal life, is the one 
point on which the leaders of the modern world are 
agreed. I say the leaders. The rank and file have 
not come up to it. Philosophers, whose stock in 
trade is chiefiy formal logic, draw back from it. 
Scientists are too with the microscope to take 
in its length and breadth. Business men are too 
intent on money-getting to comprehend the mean- 
ing of its radical unselfishness. Ministers of the 
gospel, sometimes, are too busy repeating the 
respectable formulas of the past to catch the 
divinest voices of the present. Our poets, our men 
of letters, however, arc full of this thought, and 

know- no other gospel. The measure of a writer's 
hold on this truth is the measure of his hold upon 
the modern world. It is the key-note of all power 
in modern literature. 

Goethe bids us "die and be born anew "—die, 
that is, to the individual, separate self, and live iu 
the universal life, and warns us that until that be 
done, we are but troubled guests in a world of 
gloom. "The theme of Faust" has been well 
summed up as " the redemption of a self-centered 
and self-tormenting pessimist, through enlarged 
experience of life, culminating at the last in self- 
forgetful, beneficent activity." He sums up all his 
teaching in the words which his English disciple 
has finely paraphrased: "To live not conmiodi- 
ously in the reputable, the pleasurable, the half, but 
resolutely in the whole, the good, the true." 

Wordsworth, who was the resurrection and the 
life of modern English verse, repeats that 

" Life is energy of love, 
Divine or human: exercised in pain, 
In strife, in tribulation; and ordained, 
If so approved and sanctified, to pass 
Through shades and silent rest to endless joy." 

John Euskin tells his art pupils : " This is the 
main lesson I have been teaching, so far as I have 
beeu able, through my whole life — truly that picture 
is noble which is painted in love of the reality. If 
you desire to draw that you may represent some- 
thing that you care for, you will advance simply 
and safely. If you desire to draw that you may 
make a beautiful drawing, you will never make one. 
Wherever art has been followed only for the sake of 
delight or luxury, it has contributed to bring about 
the degradation of the nation practicing it, but 
wherever art has been used also to teach any truth, 
religious, moral, or national, there it has elevated 
the nation practicing it." 

It is the exaltation of this life of effective, loving 
service to our fellow-men, the gospel of strong, 
loving work, which gives to Carlyle's rugged sen- 
tences their ring. His hero is strong, invincible, 
uupurchasable. At first sight it seems as if he were 
telling us the old story of stoicism again. He wants 
none of thy rewards. He fears none of thy penal- 
ties. Thou canst not answer him even by killing 
him. To this man death is not a bugbear; to this 
man life is already as earnest and awful and beau- 
tiful and terrible as death. Thou canst not hire 
him by thy guineas, nor by thy gibbets and law 
penalties restrain him. Thou canst not forward 
him, thou canst not hinder him. Thy penalties, 
thy poverties, thy neglects, thy contumelies — behold, 



all these are good for liira. He is thy born king, 
thy conqueror, thy supreme law-giver. Not all the 
guineas and cannon and leather and prunella under 
the sky can sever thee from him. So far, stoicism. 
But his strength, let us rejoice to understand, is 
even this, — the quantity of justice, of valor, and 
pity that is in him. To hypocrites and tailored 
quacks in high places his eyes arc lightning; but 
they melt in dewy pity, softer than a mother's, to 
the downpressed and maltreated; in his heart, in 
bis great thought, is a sanctuary for all the wretched. 
This is not stoicism; this is Christianity. 

Browning's majestic mind moves ever on the 
same high plan : 

" For lite with all it yields of joy and woe, 
And hope and fear, — believe the aged friend — 
Is just our chance o' the prize of learning love, 
How love might be, hath been, indeed, and is; 
And that we hold thenceforth to the uttermost 
Such prize, despite the envy of the world. 
And having gained truth keep truth, that is all." 

George Eliot sums up the teaching of her pro- 
foundest novel in these words: " It is only a poor 
sort of happiness that could ever come by caring 
very much about our own narrow pleasures. We 
can only have the highest happiness, such as goes 
along with being a great man, by having wide 
thoughts and much feehng for the rest of the world 
as well as for ourselves; and this sort of happiness 
often brings so much pain with it that we can only 
tell it from pain by its being what we would 
choose before everything else, because our souls see 
' it is good. If you mean to act nobly, and seek to 
know the best things God has put within reach of 
men, you must learn to fix your mind on that end, 
and not on what will happen to you because of it. 
And remember, if you were to choose something 
lower, and make it the rule of your life to seek your 
own pleasure, and escape from what is disagreeable, 
calamity might come just the same, and it would be 
calamity falling on a base mind, which is the one 
form of sorrow that has no balm in it, and that may 
well make a man say, ' It would have been better 
for me if I had never been born.' " 

Even the poetry of doubt gains all its subtle 
charm from the sad lucidity and sorrowful intensity 
with which it bewails the world's lack of this very 
element of loving self-devotion to a common human 
good. You can praise a thing as effectively by 
lamenting its absence as in any other way. The 
charm of Matthew Arnold's verse is largely due to 
his deep yearning for 

" One common wave of thought and joy 
Lifting mankind again." 

In "Arthur Clough" we feel that his "pleading 
eyes and sobs of strong desire " are reaching out 
toward that living God, that incarnate Christ, that 
Divine Spirit of human helpfulness, whom the hours 
of mortal moral strife alone aright reveal. 

The literature of the modern world, whatever its 
authors may have thought of certain of the forms 
and symbols of Christianity which we received from 
former days, is steeped and saturated in the Chris- 
tian spirit of loving human helpfulness. You can- 
not understand, nor appreciate, nor enter into it, 
much less interpret it, unless you catch for your- 
selves this same spirit of life and love. The scholar 
that ventures to enter the world of letters with any 
lower ideal or baser purpose, is doomed to be an 
exile from all that is highest and purest and noblest 
in the intellectual life of the modern world. You 
can not keep your standing with the leaders of 
thought and expression to-day unless your feet are 
planted on the solid rock of a Christ-like devotion 
to the good of your fellow-men. 

Finally, by losing your life in this unselfish devo- 
tion to Christ and humanity you gain the very 
things which you never could gain so well by seek- 
iug them directly. We saw at the outset what a 
hollow, empty thing that virtue is which a man 
cultivates by self-conscious effort, merely for the 
satisfaction of having it. 

Enter into this Christian life of loving self-devo- 
tion to God and human good, and there is no virtue 
known to morals or religion which will not spring 
up naturally and spontaneously as "the simple 
offspring of the common day." Long-sufiering, 
kindness, goodness, faithfulness, meekness, temper- 
ance, these you will not have to cultivate by labo- 
rious effort; they are the natural fruits of this spirit 
of loving devotion to Christ and fellow-men, and 
yon can no more have this spirit of love without 
having them than you can have seeds well planted 
in a fruitful soil without having a harvest springing 
up out of it. Love is the fulfilling of the law. This 
spirit of life in Christ Jesus makes us free from the 
law of sin and death. You will often come short of 
this life, and fall far below your ideal ; and then 
sin and evil will result. But just in so far as you 
truly live this life of Christian love and service, so 
far forth your character and conduct will embody ' 
in harmonious proportions every trait of moral and 
spiritual excellence. In this way, also, you will 
regain the happiness you were at the outset willing 
to forego. For what, after all, is happiness ? No 
better definition was ever given than that of 
Spinoza, the profoundest mind the Jewish race has 



produced since Jesus of Nazareth : " I noticed, 
moreover," he says, " that happiness and unhappi- 
ness depend on the character of the object to which 
we attach our affections; and love for an object 
infinite and eternal feeds the mind with pure joy 
that is free from all sorrow, a thing which is greatly 
to be desired and sought for with all one's powers." 
Now this love to Christ, and with Christ to the 
world, brings us just such an infinite and enduring 
object of affection. Living this life of generous 
devotion to the universal good, you never can be 
placed where you cannot find some real, concrete 
channel through which you may pour forth your 
affection for your Lord ; you can never long be in 
circumstances where you cannot make some human 
heart happier, holier, better, through your words 
and deeds. The object of your affection, the range 
of your life, and consequently the fullness of your 
happiness thus becomes as wide as humanity and 
deep as God; and the always having an object dear 
to us, with which our hands and hearts may be 
united in helpfulness and love, is the secret of the 
only blessedness that is pure and permanent. 

Members of the graduating class: The one 
fundamental distinction between men is that of 
which I have been speaking. Center life in the 
individual, separate self, and it belittles, debases, 
and corrupts everything you put your hands to. 
Supreme concern for one's own reputation cuts off 
the student from plain and simple relations to the 
truth, and degrades the scholar to the pedant. A 
prime regard for the honor and emoluments of one's 
profession cuts ofl; the lawyer, the clergyman, the 
physician, from the most genuine and painstaking 
service of his client, patient, and parishioner, and 
dwarfs the professional man to the contemptible 
dimensions of the charletan. Put country first, 
party second, personal following third, and self 
last, and you have the dignity of the statesman 
and the glory of the patriot. 

Reverse the order, self first, friends and follow- 
ers second, party third, and country fourth, and you 
have all that we abhor and despise under the name 
of politician. Seek the glory of God and the good 
of man first and foremost and yours is the blessed- 
ness and the crown of the Christian. Seek first and 
foremost to get your own poor little soul into 
Heaven, and yours is the doom of the Pharisee, 
and the damnation of the hypocrite. Enter bravely 
and generously into every form of social service. 
Let every just cause, every genuine reform, every 
step of real progress find in you effective advocates 
and brave defenders. Let every form of injustice 

and corruption, falsehood and pretense receive 
at your hands fearless exposure and relentless 

A man's life is measured by the extent and inten- 
sity of his devotion to common human good ; hence 
self-seeking is spiritual suicide ; self-devotion is 
self-preservation. What air is to the bird, what 
friction is to the locomotive, that self-sacrifice is to 
the soul of man. It is at once the occasion of re- 
sistance, and the condition of progress. The bird 
has to contend against the air at every stroke ; yet 
without air it could not fly at all. The locomotive 
must overcome friction ; yet without friction it 
could not stir an inch from the station. Taking 
upon ourselves the interests of others, taking home 
to our hearts the heaven-high thoughts of God, 
and the world-wide interests of man — this is hard, 
this costs effort, this brings pain and loss ; but you 
cannot draw the first breath of spiritual life, you 
cannot take the first step in spiritual progress with- 
out embracing this hardship, and welcoming these 

As soon as the eaglets' wings are grown the 
mother-bird stirs up the nest and forces them to 
test their untried wings in what is to be henceforth 
their native element. Would that to-day, speaking 
in the name of the kind mother who has cared for 
you throughout these years, I might rouse you to 
abandon once for all the soft nest of self-seeking 
and self-sufficiency in which our early years are by 
kind nature so carefully imbedded, and tempt you 
to accept the pure, clear, upper air of a Christ-hke 
devotion to comprehensive human good, as the ele- 
ment in which henceforth you will live and move 
and have your being. Thus while your hands are 
occupied as they must be, and ought to be, with the 
details of daily duty, your spirits shall not be 
absorbed and fettered by the finite and perishable, 
but on the strong wings of love shall soar an eagle's 
flight above it all; and in the broad expanse of 
heavenly aspiration and high endeavor, you shall 
live the calm, free life that is eternal ; the life that 
shares the love and life of God. 

Junior Prize Declamation. 

TITHE annual Prize Declamation of the 
A Junior class occurred at Memorial Hall, 
Monday evening of Commencement wreek. 
The names upon the speaker's list testify to 
the qualit}^ of the exhibition. The selections 
of the Banjo Club were of the highest order, 



and completely captivated the large audi- 
ence in attendance. Following is the pro- 
gramme : 


The Army of the Potomac. . . . Depew. 

D. jM. Bangs, Waterville. 

Resohitious of Sympathy for Ireland. . Anon. 

Ralph H. Hunt, Bangor. 

Paul Cliflford's Defense Lytton. 

Edward H. Newbegin, Defiance, 0. 

Eulogy on Lafayette Sprague. 

Edward N. Goding, Alfred. 


Extract from Speech Delivered at Ply- 
mouth Everett. 

Emerson Hilton, Daraariscotta. 

Webster Choate. 

Albert K. Newman, East Wilton. 

Daniel O'Conuell Phillips. 

Lewis A. Burleigh, Augusta. 


Eulogy on Garfield. .... Blaine. 

Charles S. Wright, Portland. 
The New South Grady. 

Henry W. Jarvis, Auburn. 
England Denounced Meagher. 

John P. Kelley, Biddeford. 


The judges were Rev. E. C. Guild, Rev. 
E. B. Mason, and Mr.Weston Thompson. Em- 
erson Hilton, of Damariscotta was awarded 
the first prize, and H. W. Jarvis, of Auburn, 
the second. 

Class Day. 


President, P. W. Brooks. 

Marshal, G. A. Tolman. 

Committee, . H. H. Hastings, W. W. Hubbard, 
0. W. Turner. 

In Memorial. 
At 10 o'clock Tuesday a large audience 
had assembled in Memorial to listen to the 
Oration and Poem to be delivered before the 
graduating class. At a little past ten the 
class, under the leadership of their Marshal 
Mr. Tolman, marched down the middle aisle 
and took their seats upon the stage. After 

prayer by W. E. Cummings, the Oration was 
delivered by Mr. H. C. Wingate, of Bangor. 


By H. C. Wingate. 

In the year 1826 there graduated from Bowdoin 
College one whose name was soon destined to be- 
come famous, and whose memory now our Alma 
Mater loves to honor — Sargent S. Prentiss. Grad- 
uating from college at the early age of seventeen, 
he displayed even then those powers of intellect 
for which he was so distinguished in after life. 

Noted for physical beauty, as well as intellect- 
ual power, remarkably strong and energetic, not- 
withstanding a lameness which troubled him from 
childhood, and from which he never wholly recov- 
ered, generous, free hearted, his youth gave promise 
of the brilliant career which his manhood fulfilled. 

Mr. Prentiss always spoke in warmest terms of 
his Alma Mater, and often referred to the effect 
the wind whistling through the pines had made 
upon his youthful imagination, and how he used 
to lie under them and dream of his future. 

New England then, as now, was sending the 
strength and vigor of her youth to the far West ; 
but from a variety of causes Mr. Prentiss decided 
to settle in the South. 

Entering upon the study of law, for which he 
had a decided taste, he was soon admitted to 
the bar, and then began that brilliant success 
which followed him through life. How wonderful 
was his progress ! In a few short months he stood 
among the foremost lawyers of the State. It has 
been said that arguing was his forte ; that as an 
advocate he was never surpassed. In addressing 
a jury, sometimes he would pour forth a torrent of 
fiery declamation, sarcasm, and humor; at other 
times he would move all hearts by his pathos. In 
the deep questions of law and constitution he' was 
so clear that he always carried conviction. 

Though naturally adverse to politics, and assert- 
ing that " the ancient gladiator pursued a more 
enviable occupation than the modern politician, "yet 
honors were thrust upon him. He first served as 
Representative in the Mississippi Legislature, and 
at the remarkable age of twenty-nine years was 
elected to Congress. His seat was contested and 
he was called upon to defend it. This was his 
opportunity, and he made good use of it. From 
obscurity by one speech he sprang into national 
notoriety. Who can recall the Mississippi Contest 



case without being thrilled with admiration and 
enthusiasm for one who for three days so nobly 
defended his cause. How eloquent must have been 
the speech ! How talented the speaker to have 
called forth remarks fi'om the most distinguished 
men of his day. J^r. Webster said on leaving tbe 
hall: "No one could equal it," and ex-President 
Filmore wrote : " It is certainly the most brilliant 
speech I ever heard." 

With a consciousness of power, with a depth of 
wisdom and wit, he stood so firmly on the constitu- 
tion and law that all the listening Senate stood 

It is not, however, in his unbounded success as 
a lawyer, nor in his brief career in Congress, that 
he fascinates and charms us, but it is as an orator 
that Mr. Prentiss appeals to us to-day. His 
speeches were so natural that it seemed as if they 
came by intuition, but it was not so ; their great 
brilliancy was the result of a thorough knowledge of 
the classics, great imagination, a wonderful mem- 
ory, and a gift of language which allowed him to 
put his thoughts into the boldest metaphors. He 
said the simplest things in the most effective way. 
His ready wit made his speeches sparkle with life. 
The breadth and depth of his scholarship is seen in 
his happy allusions to mythology and frequent quo- 
tations from ancient and modern authors. 

Doubtless the early political ideas of Mr. Pren- 
tiss were influenced by his uncle Lewis, with whom 
he spent much time in his boyhood, and who was a 
staunch old Federalist, and aroused in the boy's 
youthful mind a great dislike to Jeifersonian De- 
mocracy. Throughout his life Mr. Prentiss was a 
consistent Whig, but although ardent and eager in 
his devotion to the Whig cause, he was above the 
interest of any party when the interest of the 
country was at stake. 

As a stump speaker he was excelled by few, if 
any. Great principles were at the root of all his 
speeches. During the campaigns of 1840, '44, '48, he 
worked with untiring zeal for his party. An 
ardent follower of Henry Clay, when asked his 
opinion as to the most desirable candidate, he re- 
plied : " Had I the choice of a President I should 
not be much puzzled to select ; I should cling to 
my first love ; I should shout aloud the name of 
that veteran statesman who has attained the very 
highest eminence on the pedestal of fame — under 
whose banner I have so often been proud to fight ; 
whose white plume I have so often followed in 
battle, when, like that of the gallant Henry V., it 
tossed to and fro in the conflict, but never bowed 

to power, nor was stained by cowardice, I should 
give my vote for Clay." 

What an instance of political honesty and in- 
tegrity was his course in the Mississippi Repudia- 
tion Scheme ! How persistently he waged a bitter 
contest against a plot that he thought would bring 
disgrace upon the fair name of bis adopted State, 
and although it broke up life-long friendships, he 
never hesitated for a moment. Suffering humanity 
never appealed to him in vain. When that touch- 
ing cry for aid came across the water to America, 
none responded more heartily than did S. S. Pren- 
tiss. In his appeal for starving Ireland, with what 
insight into human nature does he plead his cause. 
He speaks of Ireland's great men; of what they 
have done for the world; he implores the sympathy 
and aid of the people, and in simple but earnest 
language depicts the horrors of a death by starva- 
tion. " Famine comes not up like a brave enemy, 
storming, by a sudden onset, the fortress that re- 
sists. Famine besieges. He draws his lines around 
the doomed garrison. He cuts off all supplies. 
Bread is the only weapon that can conquer him. 
Let us, then, load ships with this glorious munition, 
and, in the name of our common humanity, wage 
war against this despot." 

He espoused the cause of the Red Men, and so 
vividly did he portray their wrongs, that even the 
hardest hearts were touched. It was when the 
welfare of others was concerned that his eloquence 
rose to its highest power. As strong and noble as 
was his love for humanity, it was not stronger than 
his love for his country. What can I say of a 
patriotism so broad, so true! What daring did it 
require to stand up at a New England Reunion in 
New Orleans, and in such a hot bed of secession, 
say : " Accursed, then, be the hand put forth to 
loosen the golden cord of union ; thrice accursed the 
traitorous lips, whether of Northern fanatic or 
Southern demagogue, which shall propose its sev- 
erance." Only a man accustomed to say and do 
what he thought was right would in those times 
and under such circumstances have dared to utter 
such sentiments. Mr. Prentiss had that magnetism 
which characterizes so many of our great orators. 
His power over an audience was wonderful ; a 
friend once said to him: "Prentiss, you always 
mesmerize me when you speak." He answered: 
"A multitude always electrifies me, new thoughts 
come rushing into my mind unbidden, and I seem 
to myself like one utteriug oracles." He drew forth 
the best from his audience; the secret of this was, 
he gave the best of himself to them. 



Mr. Wise, in his reminiscences of Mr. Prentiss, 
said : " His style was that of a torrent. There was 
nothing artificial about him. He was the most 
natural orator I ever heard open his lips. It was a 
glorious boy reciting a lesson which put his mind in 
a glow. His gestures were not graceful, but the 
heaving of his breast was actually sublime. There 
was speaking in his nostril. His eye was a flame of 
fire. His hair was the mane of a war-horse. Yet 
all was perfectly natural. It needed no great ques- 
tion nor special occasion for Mr. Prentiss to show 
the power of his oratory ; he was equally eloquent 
in the Senate chamber or in the wilds of Mississippi, 
pleading the cause of the poor client, or addressing 
the most cultured men of his day." 

Need we ask whence came the secret of bis great 
power? Let us go back to the little town in Maine, 
where the feeble, crippled boy spent his youth. So 
eager was he for knowledge that he learned most of 
the Bible by heart; he pored over Shakespeare, 
Milton, all works of poetry and prose, with a 
memory that made everything his own. Are we 
surprised that he was never at a loss for a word, 
and that his speeches abounded in metaphors? In 
that Puritan home the sympathies were warm and 
deep ; the principles of truth and right as firm as 
the hills that surrounded it. Here we find the 
secret of his power ; here were the foundations 
laid ! If we add to this a naturally vivid imagina- 
tion, a high-toned chivalry, and tender heart, do 
we wonder at his success? Who can measure the 
influence of New England in forming his character ? 
Its lofty morality, its high culture, and even the 
stern and hardy climate, all contributed to develop 
the highest manhood. His love for his native State 
was very strong, and for years ho thought that he 
would make his home in Maine. 

Mr. Prentiss' last speech seemed almost pro- 
phetic. After speaking earnestly upon his subject, 
noticing that it was growing late and near sunset, 
he closed with these words: "That glorious orb 
reminds me that the day is spent, and I, too, must 
close. Ere we part, let me hope that it may be our 
good fortune to end our days in the same splendor, 
and that when the evening of life comes, we may 
sink to rest with the clouds that close in our de- 
parture, gold tipped with the eifulgence of a well 
spent life." 

We have spoken of Mr. Prentiss as a public 
man, but we should not do him justice should we 
pass "Wholly over his private virtues. It was in his 
domestic relations that we see the noblest part of 
his nature, the warmest and firmest of friends; he 

was most considerate of inferiors, most solicitous 
for his mother and sisters, and most truly great and 
noble in his own home. What happiness might he 
have bestowed upon others, what honors might 
have awaited him, to what heights of renown might 
he have risen, had ho not been cut off by so early a 
death. For we only know Mr. Prentiss as a young 
man, and how many of the most distinguished men 
in history have achieved their greatest work in 
middle life. It was at that age Milton wrote his 
"Paradise Lost," Edmund Burke made his most 
famous speech, and Michael Angelo carved his 
finest works; but Mr. Prentiss was not spared for 
greater honors. His mission was accomplished, his 
work was finished; but the influence of that life 
still lives. 

Is it not well for us to recall the life of this 
gifted man? Briefly as we have reviewed his 
character, does it not inspire us with higher aims ? 

Accept this simple tribute that we lay at thy 
feet, honored son of Bowdoin ! May your lofty 
patriotism arouse in us more earnest effort for our 
country's welfare. May your political honesty, by 
its very contrast with the corruption that lurks in 
high places, move us to a higher standard of right 
which is so much needed in these days; and may 
your broad humanity that takes the suffering world 
in its clasp, teach us that when love rules the world 
then will be usheied in the days of universal peace. 

We are glad that the Puritan teachings, that 
the New England home which was your birthright, 
has also been ours. May our lives exemplify those 
stern principles of truth and right which onr Puri- 
tan ancestors bequeathed as a rich legacy to us. 

Following the Oration came the Poem, 
delivered by W. H. Mitchell of Freeport. 

Class-Day Poem. 

By W. H. Mitchell. 
Men ever love to scan the lives of men 

Who in the past did serve their day and age, 
We love to strive the nobler selves to ken 

Of the great hero and the lowly sage. 

Sometimes those far-off' lands and ancient days 
Seem all enveloped with a holy light. 

Sometimes we see a life whose sacred rays 
Seem like a star alone at dreary night. 

As long as human heart speaks unto heart 
And soul of present to the soul of past. 

So shall we long to draw the veil apart 
To look into those lessons deep and vast. 


Far among the hills of Sweden, 
So is told the northern tale, 

Sweetly nestled was a hamlet 
Close beside a fertile vale. 

In the vale run limpid water 

Singing ever as it run, 
Dashing o'er the polished pebbles, 

Grleaming in the summer sun. 

All around was simple beauty 
As it came from Nature's hand, 

A gem with a golden setting 
In that rugged northern laud. 

And the people of the village 

True and faithful should have been, 

Free from envy, strife, and madness, 
From the poisonous touch of sin. 

But, no, in this little village 
Dark distress and envy dwelt. 

Which destroyed all noble passions 
That the people ever felt. 

Poisoning the life and the life blood 
Pulsing in each human heart. 

Corrupting affection's fountains 

Where the streams of virtue start. 

Thus they dwelt thro' years of sorrow. 
Never learning from the stream 

The secret it ever whispered. 

Flashing in the sunlight's gleam, 

Till into the vale there glided 

The charm of a noble life. 
Healing the hearts of the people, 

SufiPring with envy and strife. 

The life of one wise and honest. 

Full of purity and truth, 
Who quaffed from the founts of virtue 

Waters of life in his youth. 

For years he dwelt with that people, 
And taught them the lessons of love 

Which must be learned by a nation. 
Ere they are blessed from above. 

Wlien in this life he had finished 
The three-score years and the ten, 

Which are set by the humble psalmist 
To limit the lives of men. 

They laid him at rest on the hill-side. 
In the lap of his dear mother earth, 

And wept the hearts of the people 

As they thought of his wisdom and worth . 

The place was marked, runs the legend. 

By a spring which bubbled forth, 
Sending out the sparkling water 

To the people of the North. 

Running down in rills and brooklets, 

Making rich the fertile vale. 
Rising as a mist to heaven 

Wafted by the changing gale. 

Thus there permeates all nature. 

So that northern people think, 
One great chain of truth and wisdom. 

Banded closely, link to link. 

And the truth of those great lessons 

Which that noble spirit taught. 
The secret of his life and power 

They in brooks and mountains sought. 

Fact or fiction be this story 

Of the coming of the truth, 
Into lives of simple people 

Dwelling in the country north. 

Sure it is, a voice in Nature 

Speaks with no uncertaiu sound. 
Of a mind, of a Creator, 

In whom love and truth abound. 

Where'er I look, where'er I chance to roam, 

By mountains drear, by rivers' crested foam. 

In city's busy mart and crowded street. 

Or where we ne'er a human form do meet. 

In tiny flower, or in the giant tree. 

In darting miimow, or monster of the sea. 

In joy and siiii-ow, in old age and youth. 

We see tlio revelation of God's truth. 

Wo wander on the grand old ocean's shore. 

And hear the billows shout it o'er and o'er. 

'Tis whispered in the rattle of the sheaf, 

And in the rustle of each tiny leaf 

The circling stars which in their course so true 

Sail through the ocean of the azure blue, 

Sunlight or showers, mist, or storm or cloud. 

Proclaim it all in harmony aloud. 

In torrent's awful voice, in murmuring rill. 

In roar of lion, in the songster's trill. 

In falling meteor, in the lightning's flash, 

In earthquake muttering, in the thunder's crash. 

In ever-changing grains of shifting sand 

In countless number on the ocean's strand. 



Or in the ribs of earth, the solid rock 

Which stands unshalien by the tempest's shock. 

In every crevice and in every cave, 

In every ripple and in every wave, 

In all things which the heart of man rejoice, 

We hear the music of God's mighty voice, 

Hail, sweet Mother, thee thy youngest sons would 

With grateful hearts and songs that nevci- fail. 
If thou hast taught us but to road aright 
The symbols of the truth, and to unite. 
The golden letters of God's Alphabet, 
Which he upon this earth in beauty set. 
Into the one great sentence from above 
That God is perfect Justice, Truth, and Love; 
If thou has only taught us to descry 
In flowers and trees, in air, sea, and sky, 
In sun, in moon, in stars, in endless space. 
The smile of God as writ on Nature's face. 
If thou hast taught us the Almighty truth ! 
The mystic weaver in his warp and woof 
Has no thread broken, no unfinished strand 
But each is bound to each in firmest band; 
If thou hast taught us tolerance to men 
In their lives, their deeds, in their thoughts, their 

Their institutions, customs, and their laws 
To see the truth, to know aright the cause, 
To tear away the husks and kernels find 
To seek the fruit beneath the thickest rind 
To thee in heart-felt praise our voice we'd swell. 
Thy mission is performed thou hast done well. 
As Truth and Progress in their grand advance 
March hand in hand dispelling ignorance, 
The facts of science which we here have learned 
By coming generations may be spurned, 
But the true spirit ever firm remains, 
Contents endure though forms may ever change. 

Classmates, our martyred statesman when he 

And took the oath amid the multitude 
Who cried his praise, who sung aloud bis fame 
And called for heaven's blessing on his name. 
Did not forget her who had taught his youth 
In ways of wisdom and paths of truth. 
To her he owed success more than all other. 
Ue kissed his Bible, turned and kissed his mother. 
Where e'er our pathway in this life may lead 
Thro' rich, green pastures and the pleasant mead 
Where rippling waters meet and calmly flow 
And cooling zephyrs round us softly blow, 
Or o'er the rugged mountains high and steep, 

And through the waves and billows of the deep 
Which dash around us with a frightful roar. 
Threatening to strand us on the rocky shore, 
May we this simple deed e'er bear in mind 
And act the moral which we in it find, 
In all our acts to first embrace the truth 
Then not forget the mother or our youth. 
Thus will fame and honor never greater 
Redown to 'Ninety and our Alma Mater. 

Under the Oak. 
An overcast sky and inclement weather 
for Class Day is the rule rather the exception 
at Bowdoin. In spite of the threatening 
showers of the previous day, '90 was not to 
be discouraged, and Tuesday afternoon found 
the campus in the vicinity of Thorndike Oak 
a maze of gay festoons and waving bunting. 
At noon the sun burst through the clouds 
and for a time it seemed as though Dame 
Nature was to bestow upon the graduating 
class her sunniest smiles. At an early hour 
the seats in front of the speakers' stand were 
thronged with a gay expectant audience. 
At a little before three the familiar '90 yell 
was lieard ringing across the campus and a 
moment later the class, keeping step to the 
martial music of the Salem Cadet, marched 
under the oak and took the seats assigned. 
The exercises opened with an address by 
Mr. F. P. Morse. 

Opening Address. 

By p. p. Morse. 
Ladies and Gentlemen: 

The exercises we have gathered to observe have, 
for the class at least, both sad and pleasant feat- 
ures. As the last class exercise in which as mem- 
bers of Bowdoin we shall ever take part, reminding 
us that the pleasant days of college life are a thing 
of the past, the occasion tinges our feelings with a 
sense of sadness which it is impossible to entirely 
dispel. As a time, when free from the cross-exami- 
nation of instructors who will be appeased only by 
the shedding of innocent blood, we can review a 
completed college course, it is not unmingled with 
satisfaction. We have indulged the hope that the 
word of welcome to a participation may be consid- 
ered as more than formal, and that to-day may be 



a pleasurable one to those gathered here not only 
from any excellence of that to which they may 
listen, Ijut also from the sharing and encouraging 
the public exercises of an institution which is de- 
voted to educating in its truest sense those who 
enter it. Enter, to-day, into the spirit which per- 
vades Bowdoin and goes forth with her sons from 
the classic halls of their Alma Mater to aid in the 
contest of life, and not only will the occasion be in- 
debted to you, but you will profit from the occasiou. 

The presence here to-day of audience and actors 
implies relations. I have thought that it might not 
be irrelevant as an opening word to '90's Class Day 
to consider not the particular relations of these 
actors to this audience, but the relations in general 
of the college graduate to practical life. 

The great problem of education has never been 
solved, and it is not going too far to say that it 
never will be finally solved until civilization, ceasing 
to advance, shall crystallize into a uniform and per- 
manent existence. What sort of education will 
best meet the demands of the time has always been 
a more or less unsettled question. No sooner has 
it been tolerably adjusted to the needs of the period 
than so those needs are changed and signs of 
pi'otest and revolution appear. The fact that 
people of all grades of experience and ability have 
considered themselves competent to grapidu with 
the question, I would urge as an apology for the 
presumption of veiituriug, even incidentally, upon a 
subject so full of difiiculties. In matters involving 
physics or chemistry, we wait for the physicist or 
chemist to pronounce. In disease the physician's 
dictum is heard with respect, but in education 
every man believes himself entitled to speak. If, 
however, dealing with so broad a subject I shall 
seem to omit considerations of even vital impor- 
tance, I ask that it be not allowed to invalidate 
those that may be advanced. 

In considering the relations of the student to 
practical life, not only the demands but the tenden- 
cies of the time is of impoi'tance, for education has 
been hardly more constant in its tendencies and 
purpose than in its condition. Oscillation is the 
law of the universe. The auroral lights which flash 
forth in our evening skies with such apparent 
irregularity have been observed to have periods of 
varying intensity. The deviation of the magnetic 
needle from the true north is known to be not a 
constant but a quantity increasing and decreasing 
at regular intervals. An important insight in 
reading the history of education and in interpreting 
its present aims, is gained by recognizing here the 

same law. The purpose of education has been a 
perpetual swing between a simple intellectual 
culture and utility. The first people to recognize 
the need and value of an education were the Egyp- 
tians, and they were sternly practicai. Government 
controlled the schools, and the object was simply to 
train for governmental work. The early Greek 
methods, though perhaps less practical and less 
effective, were similar in purpose. The later 
philosophers saw this and sought to correct it. 
The movement set on foot reached its extrerne 
with the revival of classical learning in the Middle 
Ages, but the development was one-sided and un- 
stable. Reaction has been slowly changing the 
condition of things until to-day the educational de- 
mands are tending strongly towards the practical 
again. Our kindergartens, scientific, and technical 
schools are ample evidence of this. The failure to 
recognize the fact, however, is the obstacle over 
which many have stumbled. 

The place of the scholar in society has generally 
been an honorable one, but at no time apparently 
has education been more intimately connected with 
the welfare of humanity than at present. In every 
department of life the demand for broadly educated 
men and women is keener than ever before. The 
development of the arts and manufactures, increased 
facilities for transportation and communication, the 
spread of popular learning, itself large, the accom- 
paniment and fi'uit of scholarship, have created a 
demand Ini- further and truer education. The com- 
plexity of human wants and occupations has mani- 
fold multiplied the ways in which it may be used- 
The old idea of " No place for the college man in 
business," has long been exploded. The entrance 
of scientific thought and theory into business life 
has wrought an incalculable benefit both in the 
methods and in the establishment of correct rela- 
tions. The ministry has ever welcomed to her 
ranks the ripest scholarship. The able attacks 
upou the faith has called for able and learned de- 
fenders. The all-important problems with which 
they have to deal, renders honest and clear-cut 
convictions necessary. In scarcely any department 
of life have the triumphs of scholarship been more 
resplendent than in medicine. The discovery of 
auEBSthetics, of the efficacy of vaccination, and the 
general skill in battling disease have been priceless 
boons to man. But the labors of Koch, and Pasteur, 
and others, promise yet better things, and it is a 
hope not so improbable as many that have been 
realized within the last half century, that the prac- 
tical banishment of disease from our home is the 



not far distant result of their labors. The profes- 
sion of teacher brings the student into relations 
with the community perhaps more intimate and 
more important than any other branch of work. 
Few assume graver responsibilities than those who 
undertake the training of the faculties of a human 
being at their most susceptible period. There have 
been commendable changes in the art of teaching 
even within a few years. The idea that has too 
largely prevailed that " any oue who possessed suffi- 
cient educational acquirements was good enough for 
a teacher," is being replaced by the truer one that 
"no oue is too good for a teacher." The difference 
between an instructor who, insisting on the minutiae 
attempts to make memorizing machines of his pupils 
at the expense of true advancement, and the one 
who, by his methods imparts a broad and practical 
knowledge, is being more and more clearly recog- 
nized. A teacher educationally fitted, faithful, sym- 
pathetic, appreciative of his responsibilities, alive to 
the educational movements of the time, and who, 
by his example, inspires a healthy respect for 
morals, is what the age demands. Another branch 
of work, I may say of relations, is that of scientific 
research. Few people realize the immense aid to 
human happiness through this source. Scores of 
things either unheard of, or priceless luxuries have 
been placed among the necessaries of life. In 1786 
a Scottish lord distilled coal and constructed an 
apparatus for burning the escaping gas. It needs 
no words to impress the immense utility of illumi- 
nating gas. Professor Heui-y's discoveries, begun 
in 1830, rendered practical telegraphy possible. 
There is good reason to believe that the telephone, 
that wonderful invention, will soon enable us to 
send without limit of distance any number of mes- 
sages in opposite directions at the same time. The 
introduction of steam as motive has revolutionized 
the industrial world and completely changed the 
condition of civilization. Electricity bids fair to do 
so again. The time is almost too short to even 
generalize the results of chemical research. There 
is scarcely anything that we eat, drink, or wear but 
owes many or all of its excellences to the triumphs 
of chemical science. I do not profess to ignore the 
fact that many of the most important discoveries 
have been made by accident or by those who could 
lay no claim to scholarship, but the proportion of 
such discoveries is destined to become less and less. 
With all branches of science imperfectly known, 
some almost unknown, we marvel not at accidental 
discoveries. But with the knowledge of the sciences 
immensely increased, and the realms of nature con- 

tinually traversed by trained explorers, the discov- 
eries of the future will rarely be made but by the 
trained observer. 

The condition and needs of a few branches of 
work have been alluded to. The occupation chosen 
will depend somewhat, of course, upon the relation 
to the community, but the duties are similar in 
character. The broadening of the field of knowl- 
edge has rendered specialization necessary. The 
gain has been the deepening of knowledge, the loss 
has been the narrowing of individual life. A true 
adjustment seeks to attain the one, and avoid the 
other. Mastery in the line chosen, with an appre- 
ciation and knowledge as far as possible of others, 
is the golden mean of attainment. 

The duties of a profession aside, distinctly polit- 
ical and social obligations no one can escape, much 
less one whose sense of these has been quickened by 
his training. Social ties and obligations, public 
opinion, indifference, or ignorance, all tend to pre- 
vent free and intelligent action. Politics, national 
and local, even if pure would be controlled by a 
comparatively small number of people. Therefore 
an attention to and understanding as far as possible 
of public questions, is emphatically the duty of 
those to whom superior advantages have given 
superior influence. A life in touch with what prom- 
ises best for humanity, a sympathetic and active 
connection as far as possible with what uplifts, 
ennobles, end gives life, is in a word, I believe, the 
true law of relationship. 

The History, by Mr. Charles L. Hutch- 
inson, abounded in witty allusions and 
humorous anecdotes related at the expense 
of the members of the class. 

Class Histoky. 

By C. L. Hutchinson. 

The opening of Fall Term in 188G was the signal 
for some thirty-eight men to commence their career 
at Bowdoiu. To the world and college this was a 
matter of little importance, or moment, but to the 
individuals concerned how different ! Home, with 
its kindly care, and consideration, and oversight, is 
left behind perhaps for the first time ; and the life 
of a college student, with its new conditions and 
varied requirements, is taken up with mingled 
feelings of doubt, perplexity, and expectation. 

The process of breaking the ice between the 
different individuals whom chance had brought to- 
gether as a class ; the class contests ; and the choice 
between the different college fraternities, with their 



varyiug degrees and diflferences of merit and defect, 
their peculiarly close and intimate relations, deter- 
mining to a large degree the companions and 
friends for the succeeding four years, made the first 
few weeks of Freshman year momentous and im- 
portant. The time occupied in making the room 
habitable, and the different events which follow so 
i-apidly upon each other, leave the Freshman very 
little opportunity to become homesick, however, and 
lie soon acquires an affection for the college and his 
associates, which increases as time goes on. 

Like all Freshmen we had various peculiarities 
and conceits, which were distasteful to our Sopho- 
more friends, and the smoothing down of our rough 
corners was undertaken by them with a vigor which 
has been better appreciated since, than at the time. 
While we have many spicy recollections of this time- 
honored custom, we as a class are glad that it has 
been put aside, for it has unquestionably hurt the 
college. Fireman's Muster, with its array of excited, 
red-shirted men gathered round an obsolete tub, 
upon which is perched a particularly excited, wildly 
gesticulating man with a tin trumpet, afforded a 
pleasing diversion and an opportunity for class 
cuts. In cutting, by the way, we acquired the 
reputation of having more class cuts in one term 
than any other class in four years. 

Then came "Topsham Fair," with its many 
alluring attractions, to which it is almost inevitable 
that the Bowdoin student will succumb. What a 
thrill passes over the crowd as "Triangle " appears 
on the track ! What exultation at his victory or 
despondency at defeat ! I am happy to announce 
that as " Triangle" has been purchased by his driver, 
at private sale, he will still remain here, still be 
the drawing card at "Topsham Fair.", 

'Ninety's most prominent place in athletics has 
been in boating. We have always been proud of 
our crew, and its members. Freshman year, with 
the members of the "'varsity" pulling iu class 
crews and the arrival of the shell only three days 
before the race, we pulled the best race which had 
been seen on the river, and the defeat which met 
our green crew was caused only by a combination 
of unfortunate accidents, and that we lost the toss 
in the choice of positions. The next year in a good 
but not exciting race we won, from a class having 
almost twice our number. Of the four men who 
pulled in our Sophomore crew, three have been 
members of the college crew, while the other has 
been requested to row. 

On 'Eighty-Nine's Field Day 'Ninety answered 
the oft-repeated question of " Where is '90 in athlet- 

ics?" by winning the "Field-Day Cup" after the 
best and most exciting contest seen at Bowdoin. 
Four records were broken, three by our men, and 
an extra contest was necessary to decide the result. 
This occurrence surprised no one more than our- 
selves, and ended the somewhat bitter rivalry be- 
tween the two classes. 

Junior year is always of the pleasantest charac- 
ter, and will be recalled by us with pleasure. Field 
and Ivy days passed off successfully, although it 
must be admitted that greater interest would have 
been added had we competed as a class for the cup. 
Our record of eight first prizes out of sixteen is not 
bad, when it is considered that only five men en- 
tered. Our last year has been especially pleasant 
and profitable, and in no year have we increased 
more in the breadth and general range of our 
thought than in this. 

While we graduate within one of the number we 
entered, several changes have taken place in our 
class membership. We had but just passed the 
threshold of college life when W. W. Dennett's death 
made the first gap in our ranks. Two years later 
Ernest E. Briggs died at his home, after an illness 
of some weeks. Mr. Briggs was a conscientious 
student, a good oarsman, and was universally re- 
spected for his many good qualities. During Fresh- 
man year we lost Kimball, who went to Amherst; 
and Donworth, who now sports the uniform of a 
West Point cadet. Sophomore year our number 
was increased by the addition of Conant, Blanch- 
ard, Ridley, and Spillaue, who shook off' the dust 
of Bates' campus, and cast their lot in pleasanter 
places. Wavdwell, from Boston University, also 
joined us this year ; but the recollection of some 
pretty "co-ed." must have lured him back, as he 
stayed but a few weeks. Junior year found us 
again the loser, this time Mr. Gates, unquestion- 
ably the best athlete and most popular man in our 
class. His loss has been one which we have always 
deplored. The college as a whole has missed his 
presence on the crew, the foot-ball team, and in 
athletics generally. One of the pleasant episodes 
of the past year was the opportunity we had of again 
looking upon his well-remembered face, and wishing 
him prosperity in his future work as a missionary 
in Africa. Mr. Bartlett, formerly of ' 87, became a 
member of our class this year, upon his return to 
college. The only change Senior year was the 
departure of Mr. Humphrey, our ti'aveling man, to 
study medicine in New York. 

Many things have come up, either in the class- 
room or elsewhere, which have been a source of 



amusement to the class, most of them, however, of so 
delicate and evanescent character that they would 
hardly stand repetition. I venture to give a few : 
Our Prophet, watching the effervescence produced 
by some acid which he had put on a mineral was 
heard to remark, "Yes, it f^er'viates, it effer'vi- 
ates!" Again, wishing to know whether he should 
confirm a precipitate, he said: "Did you confine 
the participate f " Receiving no reply he concluded 
to "insult" the Prof. In Physics we have the fol- 
lowing remark by the Professor: "A solid hole"; 
while one of the class said "Refraction is speaking 
to a man around the corner." On another occasion 
"Berry" was asked, "How can you see a fish in 
the water without his seeing you?" He replied: 
"Get behind him." Mr. Humphrey once spoke of 
the "humerous, or collar bone." At a dance given 
here by a club known as the "Crescent," one of our 
class was so unfortunate as to ask a young lady if 
she was a "chestnut." This same young gentle- 
man invited a young lady to go to dancing school 
with him. She declined, not wishing to teach a 
Freshman how to dance, but kindly referred him to 
several other young ladies who might accompany 
him, when he replied: "0, I asked all those before 
I came here." 

A rare jewel is often greatly influenced by its 
setting ; some simple but worthy metal is needed. 
In this respect Bowdoin is particularly fortunate. 
Brunswick is a pretty little place, and the absence 
of other features only makes the college more prom- 
inent. The prosperity of the town can be readily 
shown by the fact that within a year it has built a 
cross-walk for the students, and held a sesqui-cen- 
tennial celebration. While 'Ninety has not held a 
prominent place in the social life of the town, still 
we cannot be entirely oblivious of the attractions 
of the Brunswick ladies, concerning whom it might 
be said : 

" And thus it is o'er all the earth, 
That that which men call fairest 
And prize for its surpassing worth. 
Is always rarest." 

It has been said that we were not an athletic 
class. We do not deny it ; we point only to our rec- 
ord the past year: On the ball team, 2; and on the 
"eight,"2; (we were also represented on thelast four- 
oared crew by Gates); on the foot-ball team, 3. In 
all of these sports it will be seen that we have fur- 
nished our share. And in " Best Bovvdoin Records," 
as published in the '91 Bugle, out of the fifteen 
given, three records are held by 'Ninety, as many 
as any class holds ; while of the undergraduate 
classes 'Ninety-One, with one record, is the only 

one represented. We think no class need be 
ashamed of this record. 

The class, too, has been active in the introduc- 
tion of a new sport, foot-ball, which was established 
here almost entirely by the efforts of one man, Mr. 
Sears, to whose energy and push we owe in no 
small degree, the presence of our eight-oared crew. 
The custom of having distinctive class yells was 
inaugurated by 'Ninety, as well as that of wearing 
"cap and gown." 

On the "Glee Club" our two singers have always 
sustained their parts with credit, and during the 
past year our "Sweet Singer of Israel" has borne a 
particularly prominent part. 

We have been the first class to graduate which 
has had the advantages incidental to spending four 
years in the Gymnasium under the direction of a 
" Professor of Physical Culture." This accounts in 
part for the fine figures and wonderful muscular 
development for which our class is so noted. 

Number in class, 37; average weight, 156 lbs.; 
total weight, 5772 lbs. ; heaviest men— Allen and 
Hastings, 187 lbs.; lightest, A. V. Smith, 125 lbs. 
Mr. Smith is also one of the shortest men and wears 
the largest hat, 7|. Youngest man— Ridley, 20 
years 6 months; oldest — Bartlett, 27 years 4 
months. Tallest— Hutchinson, 6 feet 1 inch; 
shortest, disputed. 25 republicans, 12 democrats. 
17 smoke, while 2 also use tobacco in its other 
forms; 20 dance. The favorite game or recrea- 
tion—base-ball,?; billiards, 3; tennis,8; California 
jack, 2; foot-ball, walking, rowing, banjo play- 
ing, poker, one each. Religious preference- Con- 
gregationalist, 20; Freewill Baptist, 1; Method- 
ist, 2; Catholic, 2; Unitarian, 2; no preference, 11. 
Thefavoritedrinks— 10, water; 4, soda; 3, milk; 2, 
beer; 2, cocktail; coffee, rum, Seidlitz powder, egg 
punch. Champagne, Madeira, 1 each. Favorite 
study- History, 4; Chemistry, 4; Physiology, Philos- 
ophy, French, Mathematics, 2 each; liiology, Politi- 
cal Economy, Mineralogy, I each. Future occupa- 
tion — law, 9; medicine, 7; teaching, 5; business 5; 
missionary, 1 ; journalism, 1 ; undecided, 9. Seven 
are engaged; one "ought to be"; one "not quite"; 
two "have been." 

For the first time for years a class goes out of 
college without an engagement with a Brunswick 
girl. If this is not the fault of the class I cau 
account for it only on the ground that the girls were 
considered to be what an admirer of Wordsworth 
might call "Too sweet and good for human nature's 
daily food." 

Much of the advantage which is derived from a 
college course comes from the association with those 



of, presumably, bigh ideals and cultivated minds. 
Concerning tbe results of tbis association, I do not 
propose to enter into any gusb or sentimentality 
about our undying affection for each otber. I will 
say, however, that our relations with each other 
have always been pleasant, aud often tbe friend- 
ships have been of the closest character, and if 
to-day terminates all this, I fur one shall be disap- 
pointed. In her Faculty Bowdoin has been particu- 
larly fortunate in having men of rare scholarship 
aud personal worth, and we esteem it a privilege to 
come in contact with such men. 

For four years the influences of studies, college, 
society, and friends have been moulding, gradually 
and imperceptibly, our lives and character. We 
think the tendency has been to broaden, strengthen 
our views, and to give them a sturdy independence. 
That we shall go forth, not inflated with an idea of 
our own importance, but realizing that upon our 
own conduct and actions our future will depend. 

'Tis not in mortals to command success, 

But we'll do more, Sempronius, we'll deserve it. 

Four years have passed since we first came 
together as a class in yonder chapel. Time has 
passed, we have witnessed the departure of the 
various classes, moved up through the different 
forms, until at last the time came when we, too, in 
a small compact mass, symbolic of our unity as a 
class, passed down the broad aisle for the last time 
as undergraduates. 

The future is an open page; it has, as you have 
been informed, great "possibilities." Your his- 
torian, however, can wish for you nothing better 
than that the future may contain as few disappoint- 
ments, as little to regret, as kindly a, criticism, as 
few defeats, and bfr crowded with as many happy 
events, warm friendships, and pleasant memories, 
as those years which, as the class of 'Ninety, you 
passed in the halls of grand old Bowdoin. 

Mr. Moody, the Prophet, was next in 
order. He disposed of his classmates in his 
peculiarly happy manner, making numerous 
shy hits at his victims, and settling up the 
future of each after the most approved 

Class Prophecy. 

By J. M. W. Moody. 
Somewhat into ill repute has fallen the modern 
prophet, and evident enough is the reason thereof. 
So many wearisome and deceptive ideas have been 

paraded within the last half-century by those claim- 
ing the power of divination that we have lost about 
all faith in ever receiving any worthy thing from 
such a source. Our rural population has undergone 
untold distraction in its sowing and harvesting opera- 
tions through listening to the dubious and lugubri- 
ous reports of countless Wigginses and Vennors. 
Through estimates made in my own careful and con- 
scientious manner, I place the loss to the agricul- 
tural interests of the country from this source in 1889 
at $9,123,436, an appalling figure. Many remember 
that vague fear which for days and months has shad- 
owed their lives prior to a date for the destruction of 
the world set by some hair-brained religious fanatic. 
Doubtless our esteemed Professor of Political Econ- 
omy, and others of my older contemporaries, will 
remember, with me, that forty years ago Adventism 
was running wild, and that it was the one burning 
question of the day among political economists, what 
would become of the world should every one join the 
Advents. For then, when Gabriel's arrival on the 
celestial Pullman was predicted three months ahead, 
everybody would turn from the work of his temporal 
salvation to that of his supposed eternal salvation, 
and production would cease. Happily, however, the 
Advent rage was checked, but not, according to my 
estimate, until the loss to production had mounted 
into the millions. 

But more far-reaching and vicious than the teach- 
ings of any other false prophets have been the 
dolorous announcements of those political false 
prophets whose calling, from time immemorial, has 
been to unsettle- the affairs of business, and to pro- 
voke uneasiness among all good citizens. Other 
classes of foretellers there are virhose works are 
deeply prejudicial to the public good, prominent 
among whom stand the ordinary class prophets, who 
by pretended recourse to dreams, visions, seances, 
inspired slumbers, and other folderol, proclaim 
their clairvoyance. To ardent youth, and expectant 
maidenhood, they are a delusion and a snare. And 
so it is not strange, considering the array of disa- 
greeable associations which rise with the idea that 
the calling of the modern prophet has fallen into deep 
disfavor. But all this is far from proving that sound 
prophecy in modern times is an impossibility. The 
prophets of Israel were men wliose word, in their 
own time, was seldom questioned, and the questions 
arise in ours as seldom. Now what was the reason 
of this, and wherein lay the soundness of scriptural 
prophecy ? 

Right here. Those patriarchs of Christianity 
seized upon the present; they studied it; they felt 
unerringly whither it was tending. To generalize, 



keeping in mind the experience of the past, they 
reasoned from visible causes to inevitable eifects. 
They were more of modern scientists then they knew, 
or we think. Now, it is the exact course of these 
ancient prophets that I myself propose to pursue. 
Before entering upon my official duties for tlio class, 
carefully reading and re-reading them, I made a 
study of all the prophesies of the Old Testament, 
with the intent that I might become thoroughly 
conversant with their spirit and method. To me, 
grounded upon so safe a foundation, my classmates 
may already feel that they are prepared to entrust 
themselves. But the explanation of my prophetic 
integrity is only half completed. I will clinch the 
thing still further. 

Very likely you have all been many times im- 
pressed with the fact that by one strong gleam of light, 
" of purest ray serene," have these modern days, for 
the most part so shrouded in false prophesy, been 
brightened. Doubtless you perceive at once that I 
refer to the dazzling success of Republican prophesy 
in America. Why has the Republican's prediction 
unvaryingly proved true that, following a prolonged 
period of Republican rule there would be national 
prosperity, and that after a corresponding period of 
opposition rule there would follow national distress ? 
For the only reason possible : because in their pre- 
dictions ReiDublicans have studiously pursued the 
method of the ancients. They have carefully con- 
sidered the cases in hand, and with this data worked 
upon by their imperial intellects, they have been in- 
variably correct in their prognostications. Thus is 
adduced a proof of the effective working in modern 
times of the prophetic method practiced by the 
ancients, and of the method about to be practiced by 
myself. And to give the wrench a final twist I will 
bore you with an item of statistics. I find from 
private records reliably compiled by Professor 
Sumner, of Yale, if I mistake not, that of those un- 
desirable creations in the shape of weather prophets, 
religious prophets, false political prophets, etc., who 
infested the land between the years 1870 and 1889, 
over ninety per cent, were Democrats in good stand- 
ing, while the remainder were mostly Mugwumps, 
Prohibitionists, or Republicans of exceedingly low 
grade who probably mildewed in curing. The 
sound Republican is, therefore, left entirely without 
the pale of false prophesy, and all know me to be a 
sound Republican. 

Having, then, shown myself to be established 
upon an absolutely orthodox prophetic basis, no one 
can doubt my power to picture with absolute relia- 
bility the great future of the Class of '90. The 
data on which I found this prophesy is all clearly in 

my mind, and the reason why I do not state it for 
you, and follow out the logical deductions step by 
step, is only lack of time. This much you must 
take authoritatively, but as a manifesto of good faith 
I will say that, should any one desire, I will in private 
interview map out the entire schemata. 

Be it known, then, in the beginning, that from 
first to last there has been this one single principle 
animating '90, viz.: "Hang together"; not only in 
college to " Hang together," but, so far as possible, 
through life to " Hang together," and, also, noticea- 
bly, to " Keep together." 

At the recent Senior banquet, the last act of the 
class was to solemnlj resolve itself into a perma- 
nently compacted body with the motto, " To Eter- 
nally Hang Together," and the last breath whispered 
by every loyal, punch-stricken soul was, "Boys, 
we'll keeji together ! " With this omnipotent princi- 
ple actuating every bosom, the class temporarily 
parts. And the questions naturally arise. What is 
to bring it together? and what is to keep it 
together ? To answer this shall be part of my duty 
for to-day. 

I will place no date. No prophet who values his 
reputation ever sets a date, but I will venture some- 
time before the close of the thirtieth century. The first 
characters that I shall introduce in the great drama 
of '90 are Messrs. Wingate and Littlefield. And 
here it will be proper for all to draw the sacred rag 
and wipe away a tear, for they are in a demised con- 
dition. Their medical attendant had been a person- 
age of almost dangerous extension, but, outside of a 
logical sense, of harmless intention, F. R. S. to Her 
Royal Highness, Doctor Charles L. Hutchinson. As 
the Doctor gazed down upon the unfortunate victims 
of his art, one of those commodious smiles, so char- 
acteristic of the doctor, o'erspread his facial acreage, 
crept beneath his chin, crawled round under his back 
hair, threatened the engulfment of both ears, and 
finally lost itself in the region of his shoulder-blades. 
Simultaneously with that smile was born in the doc- 
tor's stupendous brain a mighty scheme for the con- 
summation of 'Ninety's perfect unity. With gesture 
galore he ordered the corses removed to his labora- 
tory. Thither betook himself the doctor. After a few 
days of those mysterious movements understood only 
by the profession, the doctor had so changed the 
condition of the dead that they, in the form of two 
heavy gray powders, comprised the contents of two 
twelve-feet jars, labeled respectively, " Wingate 
Powders" and "Littlefield Powders." The doctor 
then ordered his retainers to go on the war-path for a 
dog. When the beast was secured he commenced 



to experiment. The result of his experimentation 
was just what he had anticipated. He found that the 
administering of the Wingate Powders produced an 
exceedingly explosive, nervously energizing effect 
upon the canine's nature, while the Littlefield Pow- 
ders had an exactly opposite effect, giving a quiet- 
ing, sedative, almost narcotic turn. The doctor 
nibbed his hands. With a projjer combination of both 
these powders, why might not miracles be worked? 
Why might they not become such a temperer of 
some human mind as to render it master over all 
other minds? . Yet the doctor, with laudable caution, 
did not try it upon himself. 

The unification of 'Ninety was still his purpose. 
For several days he walked and cogitated, and 
worked the convolutions of his brain, and at length 
he determined upon his subject. He forthwith wrote 
a letter, beseeching the presence of iVIr. Joseph B. 
Pendleton, who, in a distant city was attaining some 
notoriety as a stock operator. JVIr. Pendleton in due 
time arrived. The doctor propounded his scheme in 
the following terms : 

"Mr. Pendleton, your natural shrewdness has 
always been the subject of my profound admiration. 
You are a man of many words, and some wit, 
whereby you dupe the public and get there in finan- 
ces. Now what I have to propose is this : To give 
your noble business talents free and absolute sway, 
by removing or subduing those natural disabilities 
lilie inequality of temper, over-fearfulness, over- 
hopefulness, etc., whereby you are now prevented 
from achieving your mightiest works. If this be 
done the results of your efforts can be nothing short 
of monumental. This much, first, for your consid- 

Pendleton winked, eachinated, and adjourned to 
the next room for contemplation and a cigar. After 
a while he returned and agreed to submit to treat- 
ment. He was to allow the doctor to determine, 
experimentally, the proper dose of the W. & L. 
Powders, after which he was to them constantly 
and devote himself assiduously to business. The 
plan worked to a charm. In a few weeks Mr. Pen- 
dleton came to be I'ecognized as the clearest-headed, 
most audacious and successful stock operator in 
seven states. Under the constant oversight of tlie 
doctor, he kejjt on in this way for twenty years, at 
the end of which time J. 15. Pendleton's mark was 
known the world over. He was estimated to be a 
trillionaire. He was king of all the railroad com- 
panies, oil companies, and important trusts in liis 
own and adjoining commonwealths. But in all this 
he was not entirely selfish. He and the doctor ever 
had the welfare of 'Ninety in view. For the further 

prosecution of their scheme, they now needed legis- 
lative power. The brilliant talents and imposing 
eloquence of Mr. G. B. Chandler made him stand 
out a head and shoulders above all others as the 
most effective man they could run into Congress. 
Besides, his connection with the class would render 
him a thoroughly faithful coadjutor of any plans for 
'Ninety's advancement. The only trouble was that 
after attaining some pinnacle of glory he was apt to 
become dazzled, as it were, by his own radiance. 
His head would grow dizzy, and he would take an 
occasional tumble. All he needed was a cranial 
balancer. This was supplied by Dr. Hutchinson's 
celebrated W. & L. Powders. They afforded that 
happy mean of self-satisfaction in Mr. Chandler's 
mental condition which would cause him to rise 
steadily and rapidly upward, as a statesman, to 
the summits of unclouded power and fame. With 
their vast financial resources and organizing skill. 
Doctor Hutchinson and Pendleton found little diffi- 
culty in setting Chandler, supported by a powerful 
lobby, in one of the front pews of Congress. In a 
few months Mr. Chandler had spread himself, through 
the circumambiency, on " Woman Legislation," to 
such an extent that the whole nation was staring at 
his achievements, and all the ladies were signifying 
their readiness to pull up their old affections and 
follow him. Now it was that the business must be 

A measure was concocted by Messrs. Hutchinson, 
Pendleton, and Chandler, providing, in view of 
the inestimable boon conferred upon mankind by the 
Class of '90, Bowdoin College, in furnishing such 
benefactors of the race as Dr. Hutchinson, the 
greatest medical discoverer living, Mr. Pendleton, 
the most magnificent fortune accumulator extant, 
and Mr. Chandler, the statesmanlike female revolu- 
tionizer, in view of all this, that the vast and fertile 
tract known as the Happy Valley region of Citerior 
Delgado become, by act of Congress, the property 
of said Class of 'Ninety, to be theirs, their heirs', and 
their descendants' forever. The introduction of the 
measure was secured hy no less a lobbyist than Mr. 
Spillane, formerly of Lewiston, Maine. A matter of 
this sort, of course, involved some discussion. Much 
.sympathy and eloquence both in Congress and in 
the press was elicited in favor of the bill. But in 
Congress a strong opposition grew up led by his 
Majestic Corpulence, Staples, of '89, who claimed 
that such legislation was warranted neither by prece- 
dent nor by the inviolate principles of free govern- 
ment. For some hours the case seemed to hang in 
the balance with a final evident slipping toward the 
opposition. At length, during a speech on the other 



side, when tension had waxed to a high pitch, Mr. 
Chandler's handkerchief was suddenly seen to come 
up before his e3es, and he burst into a storm of 
apparently genuine tears. For a moment he sprang 
to his feet and announced that his feelings of surprise 
and injury, at the reluctance displayed by Congress 
to pass a measure so intimately connected witli him- 
self, could contain themselves no longer. He then 
canted back into his seat, threw his feet upon his 
desk, and indulged in some of the most dolorous 
wails that ever honored the Houses of Congress. 

For an instant confusion reigned in Ihe galleries. 
The ladies momentarily fainted, but instantly recov- 
ering, threw themselves en masse down the stair- 
cases into the floor of the House, where with tooth 
and nail they belabored the opposition, crying: 
"Those beauteous orbs shall not be covered! Our 
favorite shall not be made to weep ! " A heavy of 
the Washington elite bore Mr. Chandler from the 
House, spi-inkling him with smelling-salts, sachet- 
powders, pearly tears, and other droppings of 
sympathy until he was quite himself again. He is 
said to have declared years after that he alvvays 
looked back upon that moment with satisfaction. 

After a time order was restored, and a member 
of the opposition, whose hair showed evidences of a 
severe feminine bombardment, arose and said that 
though at first he had opposed the bill, yet after all 
he did not know but that Congress had been in the 
habit of commemorating, by monuments, great men 
and things. He did not know but that the class of 
'90 deserved such recognition as much as anything 
had deserved it, and he saw not why a grant of the 
Happy Valley region of Citerior Delgado might not 
serve for a 'Ninety monument as well as something 
made of heaped-up stone. As there was such evident 
feeling on the subject, he thought the passage of the 
bill expedient. The thing went through amidst ex- 
citement. In high ecstasy the doctor, Pendleton, and 
Chandler sent out notices next day announcing to 
eacli member of 'Ninety the passage of the bill. 
They explained that the final unification of the class 
was now about to be accomplished. They urged 
that after five years each man should take up his 
possessions and journey to the Happy Valley, with a 
view of making that his permanent abode. Mean- 
while Mr. Pendleton declared it his intention to 
divert a large portion of his trillion dollar fortune, 
earned through the aid of the W. & L. Powders, 
from the railroad business into the development of 
the resources of the Happy Valley. He proposes at 
the end of five years to have all prepared a large 
city, to be called Enenakontapolis, from Greek eiien- 
afcorato-ninety, and polis-a, city, signifying the City 

of 'Ninety, which city was to be built on an ideal 
plan with a good-sized palace furnished in regal 
splendor, for each member of the class. The gov- 
ernment, practically adapted to the tastes and needs 
of an educated populace, should be after a new con- 
ception, and in conformity with the best established 
facts of political and social science. 

Perhaps a prophet may as well pass over the 
period during which Enenakontapolis was being 
built, its pavements laid, its palaces erected, its sub- 
ui'ban avenues and gardens laid out, its baths put in, 
its city kitchens furnished, and, most important of 
all, while the plans and machinery of the city gov- 
ernment were being perfected by the philosophical 
Hutchinson, the business-like Pendleton, and the 
ethically ideal Chandler. All this I will omit, for I 
find such details omitted by the prophets Jeremiah 
and Isaac. In the fervency of my haste I can per- 
haps do no better than to take my hearers over an 
indefinite period after the founding of the city, and 
describe to them a day I know I shall some time pass 
therein. For the sake of convenience I continue 
using the past tense. 

The beams of the rising sun were gilding the 
lofty domes of Enenakontapolis. The gallinaceans 
were screaming to one another from adjoining roosts, 
while the cackling of their wives announced the 
birth of several omelettes for breakfast. The drowsy 
stir of awakening activity was heard throughout the 
valley. Presently the clear voice of Alexander, the 
milkman, rang upon the air. He approaches nearer 
and nearer, and finally stops before the house of 
Judge Allen. The judge, followed by a numerous 
progeny, goes down the path to secure his can. The 
toddlers tease him for a drink of the still warm 
milk. The kind-hearted old fellow cannot refuse 
them, and producing a dipper, makes all happy 
with tlie gently stimulating aliment. As Aleck 
moves on 1 notice that he has an assistant. Bartlell 
walks behind the wagon and does the pouring, 
while Aleck does the riding and shouting. And right 
here I desire to explain that no one of 'Ninety in this 
happy city is under the necessity of labor. Yet the 
thrifty habits acquired in their youth, and the whole- 
some lessons learned in college have taught them 
that happiness is not found in indolence, nor well- 
being in sloth. Accordingly, each one on entering the 
city, in order to place himself in harmonious inter- 
relation with his fellows and to insure for himself 
activity in a definite line, chose some permanent and 
agreeable pursuit for the major occupation of his 

Thinking of the great wisdom of this course, I 


strolled down street to breakfast. Turning to the 
left I entered the city kitchens, a building several 
acres in extent. It is here that the members of 
'Ninety take their daily meals, heavy culinary work 
having been abolished from their homes. I met 
inside a big, breezy, clean looking fellow, dressed 
exclusively in white linen, a very ideal of a head 
cook, Mr. Percy Brooks. I was served at the table 
by the head waiters of the establishment, Messrs. 
Cummings & Conant. Presently Cosine Smith, of 
'90, entered and seated himself by my side. It was 
noticeable that the dishes, inanimate things though 
they are supposed to be, fairly quaked and quavered 
as he sat himself before them, preparatory to his 
work of devastation. 

It was seldom that I had the good fortune of 
hitting Cosine at breakfast, for he still retained the 
vice of his college days of being constantly late, in 
consequence of which many maledictions were daily 
pronounced on him by cook and waiters. Cos and I 
soon got into an intensely interesting conversation 
over the affairs of the City University, of which he 
was president. Cosine had held this position ever 
since he settled in Enenakontapolis, and vacation 
times, for a change, had done a good thing at the 
soap business. He said that things were prospering 
finely for the most part. In one respect, however, 
in the administration of the university, he had met 
for the past few years with unceasing difloulty. 
Since the abolishment of Sophomoric discipline, the 
brash qualities of Freshmen had been multiplying to 
such an extent that there was now no show on the 
campus for even a professor, to say nothing of a 
Senior. " Such downright cussedness," as Cosine ex- 
pressed it, was no longer endurable. But he said that he 
thought he hadgotthingsflxed up. He had brought the 
matter before a meeting of the boards the day before, 
and they had elected Mr. George A. Tolman as 
Professor of the Freshman Disciplinary Department. 
From liis knowledge of Mr. Tolman's character and 
record, he believed that things would now take a 
new move in the right direction. Weeks, he said, 
was doing well at the head of the female annex of 
the university, while Morse and Dennett were filling 
re.spectively the chairs of chemistry and prolixity. 
The Faculty had been greatly strengthened by the 
recent appointment of Mr. " Michael Burns," Turner, 
as lecturer on truthfulness. 

As Cosine and I sauntered on down street, we 
fell in with Bob Hastings harnessed up. He said 
that he had been engaged in sporting matters for 
several years, but had concluded it was time to go 
into some more earnest pursuit. He had, therefore, 
that very morning hired out as a draught horse to 

Horace Oreeley who was going into the truck 
business. Bob was in good spirits. 

At this moment our attention was taken across 
the street by activities in front of Hunt's Clothing 
Store. Hunt had just opened up for the morning, 
and with several of his clerks was engaged in some 
kind of heavy work before the door, in which they 
seemed to need assistance. Going over, we found 
that they had Hubbard fixed up in some of their 
most dressy garments, consisting of barrel-legged 
pants, etc., and that they were trying to hang him 
up before the door to show off their goods. With 
our assistance they succeeded. Hubbard was pleased. 
He said that in this business he could wear a new 
pair of pants every day, and he therefore regarded 
life as a success. As it was a week off with Cosine 
and me, we concluded to keep on the rounds of the 
city and see the old boys of '90. 

We first struck for the Acropolis. There we 
found Ridley, the chief Archon of the city, together 
with Hutchinson, Pendleton, and Chandler, the Sub- 
archons, listening to a petition, by Mr. Royal, for a 
license to set up an oyster and beer saloon. The 
petition was granted, and Royal in great glee invited 
us out to his establishment, which was all prepared 
to consecrate a bumper of pale ale. He said Blanch- 
ard would be there, and we concluded to go. The 
sociability passed off nicely. Mul informed us that 
he kept Blanchard agreeably occupied in the back 
shop most of the time, where he weekly composed 
several chap)ters of his "System of Heathenistic 
Philosophy," the advance sheets of which were 
already affording him much reputation and revenue. 

We finally strolled back toward the middle 
of the Acropolis, to take a look at the splendid mon- 
ument the grateful citizens of Enenakontapolis were 
then erecting in memory of their deceased class- 
mates, Wingate and Littlefield. The figures of the 
two heroes were on the top of the monument, shak- 
ing hands with each other to symbolize their post- 
humous mingling. Wingate had wings ; Littlefield 
had a cigar, so wings would not have been appro- 
priate. At the foot of the monument stood a jar 
containing the remnants of the W. & L. Powders 
wiiich Pendleton and Chandler had not consumed. 
They were being preserved for future exigencies of 
the Stale. On the side of the monument, above the 
powders, was this inscription : "Sacred to the mem- 
ory of our classmates, Wingate and Littlefield, by 
the virtue of whose bodies, rendered into powder by 
Dr. Hutchinson, Pendleton and Chandler were 
enabled to accomplish those measures whereby this 
city of Enenakontapolis was established, and whereby 
that great jjlan of the unification of 'Ninety was per- 



fected ; and whereby its members now dwell together 
in happiness and unity forever." The monument 
was complete, but Tom Spillane was putting on an 
extra touch in the shape of a brass dog at the feet of 
Wingate. Tom informed us that he was meeting 
with great success as a brass worker, and that where 
he furnished the metal he was underbidding all com- 
petitors. As we turned away Cosine whispered that 
some thought the reason was that Tom secreted the 
metal. I failed to inquire whether the secretion was 
larcenous or functional, but disliking to make any 
imputations against the chai'acter of a '90 man, I 
concluded it to h^ functional. 

As it was now dinner-time, and Cosine was grow- 
ing obstreperous from the assaults of hunger, we 
returned to the city kitchen. At table we found our- 
selves opposite McCulIough. Eddy was more cor- 
dial, more fat, and more prone to laughter than ever, 
and as we began reviving old times his jolly smile 
increased to a gentle gurgle, which at length began 
to be interspersed with divers ecstatic squeaks and 
wheezes, then with little explosions, until finally the 
poor boy tipped back and rolled in such an agony of 
mirth that the whole table roared and yelled again, 
and one would have thought the old South Maine of 
'90 had been revived in all its glory. Eddy had a 
new scheme in view. He said that now, having 
become a gentleman of leisure, he proposed to carry 
out what had always been the desire of his life, to 
become a doll fancier. He already had, at home, a 
large museum tilled with a great number of lady 
dolls. On being asked what had led him into this, 
he replied, heartily : 

" Well, boys, you know I always had a weakness 
for the ladies." "Yes," responded we with equal 
heartiness. "Well, in no other way could I obtain 
such satisfaction. I can be among my dolls all I 
choose. They never weary of my company, and I 
never weary of theirs." Eddie then produced numer- 
ous doll babies from various inside pockets, told their 
pedigrees, and caressingly described their thorough- 
bred points. He said he was getting out all grades 
as fast as possible. Before we separated Cosine had 
traded with him for two large grade China dolls to 
give his daughter. 

After dinner our programme was to look over the 
city gymnasium, then to patronize Vint Smith's 
livery stable, and take a ride out to the city gates, 
near which were the fountains of jjerennial youth. 
We found the gym exercises in full blast. Managers 
Sears and Freeman did most of the heavy work, 
while Assistant Simpson took a part both unique and 
intei'esting. On several posts fixed in various places 
in the building, I noticed placards with a hand all 


pointing toward a common center. They read as 
follows: "Follow the direction indicated by the 
hand and you will see how beautiful a thing man 
may become by careful cultivation of his physique." 
The placards carried our eyes to a large, well- 
lighted niche in which, on a handsome pedestal, 
stood Simpson posing in flesh tights. Manager 
Sears informed us that this example of physical 
beauty, constantly before their eyes, inspired in the 
city youth perfect faithfulness in their gymnasium 
attendance. After congratulating Sears on the ex- 
cellent appearance of the squads, we started for the 
city stables, managed by A. V. Smith. Vint was 
away, but Rete Stearns, his office man, was in attend- 
ance, and provided us with one of Vint's best '90 
horses of Latian pedigree. He said that Vint had 
just engaged the services of Whisker, '89, as 
hostler, and that he would be on hand in a few days. 
"I suppose you've heard of the new move Mitchell 
and Bill Dunn made last week," said Rete, as he was 
harnessing. "No," we answered. "Well, you 
know they've had bad luck at preaching, so they've 
shaved off their whiskers and become Vestal Virgins. 
I understand they are doing a good thing." This 
item of news furnished us an interesting subject of 
chat while we rode out a distance of two or three 
miles to the city gates. Our prime object was to 
call on Vic Thompson and get a drink of the waters 
that there bubbled forth, and which Vic was engaged 
in barreling for city use. The old red Rose of friend- 
ship, as in other days, mounted to Vic's cheek as he 
heartily shook our hands and invited us to alight. 
Vic was in high spirits and looked as healthy as a 
trout. He declared that he was doing a great thing 
for the people of the city in providing them with the 
waters. Not a single person who used them had 
yet shown anj' traces of age, and he thought there 
was every reason to believe that with its continual 
use the lives of 'Ninety might be preserved for cent- 
uries untold. 

On our way back to the city, Cosine suggested 
that we stop and lunch with Spinney, which we did 
to our great comfort. Spinney had married a wealthy 
Brunswick dowager, and since entering Enenakonta- 
polis had, for the sake of exercise, settled down to 
gentlemanly gardening. He had grown exceedingly 
corpulent. Mrs. Spinney suggested, after tea, that 
we go with them to the lecture on India, which was 
to be delivered that evening by Henry Webb. 

Webb is a great traveler ; in fact, is the ofiicial 
traveler of the city. As Enenakontapolis is some- 
what remote from the rest of the world, it was 
thought best by the city Archons to send forth a man 
into the surrounding lands to acquire information 



therefrom, which information should be detailed to 
the citizens in courses of lectures. Webb was by 
all odds the man best qualified for the position. He 
could not only lecture spontaneously, but could 
travel inexpensively, for the places which he visited 
payed his way, each town being willing to foot his 
bills to the next for the sake of having him move. 
He is gratefully recognized as the greatest and most 
erratic educator in Enenakontapolis. 

That night Cosine and I walked home from the 
lecture weary, but grateful for the day's pleasure. 
We talked little, but both were thinking. At last 
Cosine said, quietly, " What better evidence could 
there be of the perfect unity and community of 
'Ninety than this : that this day it has been possible 
for we two fellows to see and speak a pleasant word 
with every member of our dear old class ? " 

The Parting Address of Mr. Chandler 
was the feature of the Class-Day exercises. 
Taking as his subject " The Character of the 
College as Related to the Character of the 
Man," he alluded eloquently to the high 
character and standing which Bowdoin has 
ever maintained, speaking of her many dis- 
tinguished sous and the influence their ex- 
ample must necessarily exert upon the char- 
acter of the undergraduate. 

Parting Address. 

By George B. Chandler. 
Mr. President, Fellow-Classmates, Ladies and Gen- 

As I stand here this afternoon to bid farewell to 
familiar scenes and well-known faces, it seems not 
ill-fitting that I should select for my theme, "The 
Influence of the Character of the Alma Maler upon 
the Character of the Individual." 

It will be ray purpose to show, first, how it is 
possible for any institution of learning to possess 
abiding characteristics of its own and, second, to 
apply this, as best I may, to the Bowdoin we love so 

Institutions are like men. They possess perma- 
nent characteristics, and, as in the case of men, 
much depends upon their early life. An institu- 
tion of a strong and vigorous foundation attracts to 
itself in its childhood, so to speak, strong and vig- 
orous men as professors and strong and vigorous 
boys as students. As the institution grows, its num- 
bers increase and its influence broadens, this early 
character becomes only intensified with the years. 

The process is a cumulative one, and, barring acci- 
dents, their old age becomes a perpetual youth, ever 
blossoming out into new ideas and ever welling up in 
fountains of new inspiration. On the other hand, if 
an institution starts out under adverse circumstances, 
with no great and inspiring name on its standai-d, no 
noble characters at its helm, it is just so sure to atti'act 
to its halls an inferior quality of professors, and a 
correspondingly inferior quality of students, as, in 
the ijhysical world, the efl'ect is soon to follow the 
the course. 

Of course, I would not presume to lay this down 
as any inflexible rule. As in the case of a profligate 
or unpromising boy, some great thought may get 
possession of his soul or some inspiring character 
rub up against him, and seemingly change the whole 
tenor of his being ; so in the case of unpromising col- 
leges, some strong president or professor may by 
chance fall to its lot and send an impulse of new life 
through every class-room and coi'ridor. And on the 
other hand, just as the most promising youth may, 
through unfortunate circumstances, work out a life of 
dismal failure, so may institutions which in their early 
days give large promise of abundant good, come, 
through bad management, or poorly selected oflicers, 
to a dull and lifeless maturity, side-tracked as it 
wei-e, while the great train of thought rolls grandly 
and majestically past them. Nevertheless, the prin- 
cipal remains true : That, barring accidents, the 
foundation and early character of an institution im- 
parts to its youth a personality, which grows and 
expands along the same lines as the years go on. 

Beardless boys come to its halls and go out in 
the world to win great names. Strong professors 
occupy its chairs, to give it character and standing, 
and all is wrought into a vast network of tradition, 
until its every hall and well-remembered walk seems 
instinct with the good and great of by-gone days. 

Into such an environment as this the young stu- 
dent is thrown. He finds about him students, who, 
like himself, are attracted by the name and standing 
of the institution and are consequently in greater or 
less degree in harmony with its personality. He 
hears the names of the great men who have been be- 
fore him. He is conscious of treading tlie same 
walks they have trodden, of occupying the same 
rooms they have occupied. He reads the works they 
have done ; he studies their characters ; he gets into 
sympathy with their personalities, their thoughts be- 
come his thoughts, and their accomplishments his 
ambitions. He sees hanging on the walls the faces 
of old professors. He sees in every nook and niche 
tender tributes to their memories. He discerns all 
about him the monuments of tlieir early toil and 



self-sacrificing devotion. The whole atmosphere of 
the place seems imbued with a subtle spirit of what 
the past has been. Can it be possible for any at the 
plastic and impressible age of youth to move in such 
surroundings, without being all unconsciously mould- 
ed and shaped into its stature? Can any man, pos- 
sessed of the least element of appreciation or 
nobleness, fail to have higher ideals of life and 
grander yearnings for the future for having breathed 
its air? 

We often hear from the man who says : "It don't 
make any difference what college you go to ; you 
can learn anywhere." Yes, you can learn facts any- 
where, and they are an essential, doubtless the most 
essential, element of education. But what are facts 
without a personality, an ideal behind them, without 
that invisible undefinable something which gives 
them tone and color, and transforms them from a 
mere dead catalogue into a living moving organism ! 
Many colleges will give you the formulas of mathe- 
matics, the roots of languages, and principals of 
philosophy and economics, but a far less number 
will give you character. Why do you see the young 
men of the West flocking to our Eastern colleges ? 
Why are Harvard and Yale so much sought the 
country over? The immediate causes may be vari- 
ous, but the primary cause that lies beliind them all 
is, tliat they possess tlie character which is born of 
strong sons and able masters. 

They are older than the nation. They were nur- 
tured in the cradle of liberty. About their classic 
shades and venerable halls cling the memories of 
the nation's great, and they possess to-day in the 
personnel of their faculties the ricli fruitage of 
their prestige and of history. 

New colleges may be rich, but endowments will 
not make character, nor scholarships, men. It is tlie 
personality of the institution that shapes the man, 
and wise is the boy or the father who, with this fact 
before him, chooses his educational surroundings. 

I have thus tried in a very general way to show 
how it is possible for an institution to possess 
abiding characteristics of its own, and how those 
characteristics are reflected in the characters of its 
graduates. I will now try, as best I may, to apply 
this to the dear old institution to which it is my lot 
to bid farewell to-day in behalf of my class. 

Bowdoin never has been and probably, in the 
nature of things, never can be a large college. 
But she has now, and has had from her foundation, a 
character as proud as any that sits within the borders 
of our broad land. This character, from its founda- 
tion, cannot be better expressed than in the words of 
one of its distinguished sons, an ex-Congressman 

from Massachusetts, as spoken at the recent alumni 
reunion in Boston. Mr. Rice said : 

" When as a boy I stood in her classic shades, I was 
proud of Bowdoin. She bore upon lier front the proudest 
name of any in New England. Pierre Bowdoin, the 
Huguenot refugee, landed at Portland in 1G67; James 
Bowdoin, the great merchant of Boston, James Bowdoin 
his son, the great patriot of Massachusetts, the peer of the 
Adamses and more than a peer of Hancock gave Bow- 
doin his son, the scholar, gentleman, and diplomatist. 
The name died then in the family, but it is immortal as 
the name of the college. I found when I went to Bow- 
doin a corps of professors unsurpassed, in my judgment, 
bj' any in the land, and having at their head that learned 
scholar, that elegant gentlemen, Leonard Woods. Even 
then Bowdoin had immortal names upon her roll — Long- 
fellow, the great poet; Hawthorne, the great novelist; 
Andrew, the great statesman and patriot; and I have been 
proud of her ever since, and I am proud of Bowdoin now. 
The other night, at her board in the capital of the nation, 
sat the Chief Justice of the United States, the speaker of 
the House of Representatives, the eloquent, true-hearted 
statesman, William P. Frye, the great political economist, 
the old Secretary of the Treasury, Hugh McCuUoch. Why 
should not we be proud of Bowdoin? And if these gen- 
tlemen should all pass away, we could send on platoon 
after platoon. There are other colleges of wider area and 
higher professions, but for honest, faithful work, for high 
and inspiring instruction, I stand here to say, with a 
somewhat wide experience, that I know of none higher 
than the little college yonder, planted by Massachusetts, 
and nurtured not always too carefully by the great State 
of Maine among the pines." 

Such are the words in which a man of wide ex- 
perience and large knowledge of practical affairs 
speaks of our college. He tells us how character 
and prestige was given to the institution from the 
name of its founder, he glances at our long list of 
eminent graduates, and, without mentioning in de- 
tail the Cleavelands, Packards, Longfellows, Smythes, 
and Uphams, whose names are now become sacred 
to every son of Bowdoin, he hints at the grand and 
inspiring character of our early professors. 

So mucli for what Bowdoin has been, and so much 
for the traditions with which we have become 
familiar, and the ideals which have been held 
before us. The past remains, secure and imperish- 
able. But, it may be asked. Has the Bowdoin of our 
day, from its general atmosphere, its methods of 
study, and its attitude toward vital questions, given 
us the same strong characters that thirty, forty, and 
fifty years ago it imparted to our early alumni? We 
answer. Other things being equal, it has, and by that 
I mean, if the quality of the students be as good in- 
tellectually and morally as it was in those days, we 
have no reason to believe that the sons of Bowdoin 
will not be occupying the same proud stations fifty 
years lience that they do to-day. But that is almost 



too much to hope, and it would be a piece of unpar- 
donable egotism on our part to predict it. But 
whatever deterioration the graduates may suffer in 
point of abilitj' and eminence, I stand here to-day, 
as one who has been through four years of its 
instruction, and has, perhaps, more than the aver- 
age familiarized himself with its early charac- 
ter and history, to say that I do not consider 
the present character of Bowdoin College one jot 
or tittle behind what it was in the days of its early 

The three great indices by which to judge an in- 
stitution are its methods of scientific research, its 
system of government, and its attitude toward re- 
ligious problems. The decade between 1870 and 
1880 was a troubous one. It marked the transi- 
tion from the old machine system that set up an 
authoritative ipse dixit of the instructor as ultimate to 
the modern system of laboratories, which turns the 
student loose with his materials, and leaves him 
largely to work out his own results. Bowdoin made 
this transition successfully, progress triumphed, 
and she stands to-day in the very forefront in the 
quality and range of her scientific research. In her 
sj'stem of self-government she occupies a position 
unattained by any college in the country. Every 
student is treated as an individual and respects him- 
self as such. When, in the decade between 1870 
and 1880 the old Congregationalist Church was 
shaken to its foundations, when, by the irresistible 
march of advancing thought it was brought to decide 
whether it would cling to some of the lifeless dog- 
mas of the past and die the death of inanition, or 
whether, true to its grand old Puritan history, it 
should still contiime as the vivifying spirit of modern 
religious thought, the alumni of Bowdoin again rec- 
ollected the name and spirit of its founder, and our 
old college took its stand boldly and manfully on the 
side of truth, freedom, and progress. Such is the 
character of the institution of our choice, and such 
are the moulding influences, traditional and present, 
which have been thrown about us. 

Old Bowdoin, to-day we bid farewell to thee. 
Thy well-remembered walks we pace no more. 
Thy whispering pines for us will soon be silent. 
The last echo of our departing footsteps is dyino- 
away in thy halls. We stand upon the thi-eshold. 
The past spreads out behind us, sunlit by thy 
memory. The future looms before us, a boundless 
void. Bowdoin, may thy recollections ever be our 
guiding star. May no son of 'Ninety ever brino- 
disgrace to thy fair escutcheon, and may it be the 
lot of some one of us to add another to the immortal 
roll that marks thy past. Farewell ! 

Smoking Pipe op Peace. 

Mr. Chandler alluded so feelingly to tlie 
pleasant memories clustering about the fa- 
miliar college scenes, to which 'Ninety must 
so soon bid farewell, that even the heavens 
were unable to restrain themselves longer. 
As the speaker finished the rain, which had 
been threatening, came down in torrents, 
but the audience was not to be defrauded of 
any portion of the Class-Day exercises. 
Under cover of numerous umbrellas the 
crowd thronged to the side of the temporary 
platform to witness the peace pipe ceremony. 
The class had seated themselves in a circle 
upon the fast moistening grass, and slowly 
the ponderous pipe, decorated with the 
'Ninety colors, was passed from man to 
man, each smoker as a matter of course 
choaking and coughing to give his anxious 
mother, sister, and the other fellow's sister, 
the oi^inion that he never before had used 
the filthy weed, — Oh, no ! never. 

Singing Class Ode and Cheeking the 
After the Orator of the Parting Address 
had exhausted the tobacco in the pipe by 
his vigorous whiffs, the class arose to sing 
the Ode written by Mr. T. C. Spillane. 

Class Ode. 

By. T. C. Spillane. 

AIR — Juanita. 

Quickly the moments hastened, on our college way. 

And with moistened eye, we sing the parting lay. 

From these scenes familiar, that have linked us as 

one chain, 
And their time-wrought friendships, 'Ninety parts 

with ijain. 
Bowdoin, dear Bowdoin, we would linger in thy 

Bowdoin, dear old Bowdoin, duty now us calls. 
Let us ne'er sever ties so dear to our old class, 
Firm may they ever cling unto the last. 
As our hearts are throbbing, with the farewell clasjJ, 
So let us returning give the same warm grasp. 
Bowdoin, dear old Bowdoin, you have been our pride, 
Bowdoin, dear old Bowdoin, be our worldly guide. 



The class then formed in procession, 
and, headed by the Cadet Band, marched 
from Appleton to Memorial, cheering with a 
will the old halls where for four long years 
they had lived and learned, and which now 
they had learned to love. 

Dance on the Green, Memokial. 

The rain of the afternoon was not a tem- 
porary arrangement, but had evidently come 
to stay. At an early hour in the evening the 
Brunswick hacks began to perforate the driz- 
zle and darkness, and, driving up to the 
doors of Memorial, to deposit their freight of 
fair dancers and their brave escorts. At 9 
o'clock director Hastings tipped Jean Missud 
a friendly wink and the grand march began. 
It is needless to dwell upon the pleasures of 
the evening. Superb music, charming cos- 
tumes, and the still more charming ladies, 
all combined to render '90's " Dance on the 
Green " (?) one of the most enjoyable of the 
many pleasant social events that have marked 
the year. At intermission the merry party 
adjourned through the mist to the gymna- 
sium, where delicious refreshments were 
served by Robinson of Portland. But, like 
all pleasant occasions, the Senior dance must 
have an end. In the small hours of the 
morning the gay company at last broke up, 
each one carrying with him the pleasantest 
memories and highest sense of enjoyment of 
'90's Class Day and Dance on the Green, or 
rather in Memorial. 

List or the Dances. 

March and Circle. 

Waltz. Marion. 

Lanciers. "Artist." 

Polka. "Violetta." 

Schottische. "Butterfly." 

Waltz. " Les Mousquetaires." 

Portland Fancy. "Operatic." 

Galop. "Milans." 

Waltz. "Salutation." 


Waltz, SchottiscUe, Polka. 

Saratoga Lanciers. "Falka." 




"Bon Ton.' 


"Spanish Student.' 


"La Jolie Parfumeuse.' 


"Retour des Champs.' 


"Bod Jour Madelon.' 



Medical Graduation. 
The Commencement exercises of the 
Maine Medical School were held in Memorial 
Hall, Wednesday morning. At 9 o'clock the 
class took their seats upon the platform. 
The Salem Cadet Baud furnished music, the 
various parts being interspersed with selec- 
tions. Following is the programme : 
Address. music. 

Rev. Edward N. Packard, Syracuse, N. Y. 


Oratiou — Parting Address. J. K. P. Rogers. 


Awarding of Diplomas. President Hyde. 


The members of the Class of '90 are : 
Charles Everett Adams, A.M., Waterville; 
Quincy Adams Bridges, Berlin Mills, N. H.; Henry 
Herbert Brock, A.B., Portland; George Rigby 
Camp, Fairfield, N.B.; Harris Obediah Curtis, Rich- 
mond; John Turney Dilling, Easton; Nelson Carey 
Haskell, A.B., West Falmouth; Joseph Howard 
Mansur, South Wakefield, N. H.; William Truman 
Merrill, A.B., Lyman; Herbert Brainard Perry, 
Portland; James Konnard Paul Rogers, South 
Eliot; Daniel Willis Rounds, East Baldwin; Edward 
Everett Shapleigh, Kittery; Allen Lincoln Shirley, 
Fryeburg; Harry Atherton Smith, A.B., Auburn; 
Fred Merritt Stiles, Saccarappa; Fred Elliston 
Strout, Gardiner; Arthur Leland Sukeforth, North 
Whitefield; William Patterson Walker, Alna. 
The ofBcers of the class were : 
President, F. E. Strout; Vice-President, J. H. 
Mansur; Secretary, F. M. Stiles; Treasurer, A. L. 
Shirley; Marshal, A. L. Sukeforth; Orator, J. K. P. 
Rogers; Committee, E. E. Shapleigh, J. T. Dilling, 
Q. A. Bridges. 

Parting Address. 

By J. K. p. Rogers. 

The oration by Mr. Rogers upon the 
timely subject, " Our Future Duties," was a 



masterly effort and was heartily received. 
We print it in full. Mr. Rogers said : 

We need not stop to consider the propriety of 
taliing a hasty glance at the future, on this day that 
marlss the separation of the two great epochs of our 
lives ; one the period of discipline and preparation, 
the other the period of strife in the actual combat 
of life. 

Wherever we go and whatever our opportunities, 
the principles and precepts instilled into our minds 
here are to be the foundation upon which we are to 
build our store-house of knowledge and the frame- 
work about which we are to entwine our wreath of 

We should not imagine that the term of our 
studentship has expired because we have passed 
the ordeal of an examination. On the contrary, 
we should feel deeply impressed with the convic- 
tion that the labor of our whole lives is due to our 
profession, since it is one whose fields are as fertile 
as they are boundless, one whose fruits have yet 
been but partially gathered in, but in part dis- 

When we consider that each passing day is 
changing the aspect of our theories, subverting 
our hypothesis, altering the arrangement of known 
facts, and bringing to light new truths, it must be 
obvious to us that in no department of science will 
retrogression more certainly follow suspended indus- 
try than in that in which we are called to labor. 
No opportunity should therefore be neglected which 
promises to yield us aid in the performance of our 
increasing task, and no incentive should be left un- 
sought which can arouse us to increased activity. 
Let it be remembered that each successive year 
sends out its body of young men better and better 
prepared to relieve human suffering and contribute 
toward the happiness of their fellow-men ; and that 
we must be earnest and untiring students or our 
profession will soon outstrip us in the race of ad- 
vancement; we shall lose the respect of our con- 
temporaries and the confidence of our patrons. 

liut there is a nobler motive to industry than 
that of individual superiority. It is found in the 
expectation that those who come after us in the in- 
teresting route which we are traveling may look to 
us for an example, and in the conviction that it is 
our duty to assist them. 

It is for us to set a higher standard for the students 
that are to follow, and to advance the educational 
requirements of our medical schools by mastering 
the broad field that our duty calls us to survey. 

Though a greater share of our time will be devoted 
to studies connected with the practical duties of our 
profession, yet general literature ought not to be 
neglected ; moral and physical science will expand 
our intellects, enlarge our views, strengthen and 
discipline our minds. 

Let us make use of our leisure tim« to supply any 
deficiencies of education under which we may labor, 
that we may conscientiously say to the student an- 
ticipating the study of medicine : Tour preparatory 
education is not sufficient, unless you understand 
the principles of mechanics which nature has vtsed 
in that wonderful machine, the human body ; of 
botany, which cla.ssifies your drugs and teaches you 
to recognize them in their natural state, and of 
Latin and Greek that tell the story hidden in every 
word of our technical language, the study of which 
is the most potent exercise in forming a habit of 
close and diligent application, which is the first and 
greatest requisite in the struggle of life. 

Let us be able to say to our medical school : 
Open the door to no man that cannot understand 
your teaching, and allow no one to do himself in- 
justice by undertaking that which he is unable to 

As individuals we have important duties to 
perform. We owe it to ourselves to support the 
dignity of our profession, to show to the world that 
we are influenced by more exalted motives than the 
mere acquisition of wealth ; to the public, that we 
are making every exertion in our power to alleviate 
human misery, to encourage the entrance of edu- 
cated men to the profession, and to discountenance 
the ignorant assumption of the medical pretender. 
In return we have the right to expect something 
from our state and from the public. We may ask 
why the avenues to other professions are strictly 
guarded by legislation against intruders, while our 
own is left open to the ignorant and unprincipled. 
Is it because the value of property exceeds that of 
life and health, or is a knowledge of our science so 
unlike that of other sciences that men are born in 
possession of it and must have an opportunity to 
exercise it, even at the expense of public health 
and wealth? 

Gentlemen, it is our duty to disperse the cloud 
of superstition that has been thrown about our pro- 
fession, and to show the people that the science of 
medicine is based upon hard-earned scientific facts. 
We may then demand of them that they shall pro- 
tect themselves and impart dignity to our profession 
by suppressing the ignorant quack. As members 
of society our usefulness depends upon our ability 



to fall gracefully in with our surroundings. K we 
consider ourselves as belonging to a superior and 
ruling order of society and expect that our opinions 
will be received any further than they are com- 
mended to the good sense and judgment of our 
neighbors, our iuilucnce will be of small account. 
If we feel that we must have a select class of asso- 
ciates we shall soon be sadly lonesome. We must 
be neighbors among our neighbors, citizens among 
our fellow-citizens, and must interest ourselves in 
all their efforts toward improvement. As profes- 
sional men, in communities where education is the 
exception, we shall be expected to exercise the 
ability gained by our superior opportunities, and to 
show our influence in a quiet and unobtrusive 
manner in every public undertaking, and as we 
acquit ourselves in matters of which our neighbors 
our judges, thus will they judge of our ability in 
our professional duties, of which they know but 

But there is a duty which too few communities 
understand the importance of imposing upon us, 
which we must assume, or the destruction of many 
happy families will result. That duty is the pre- 
vention of the physical evils which alflict mankind, 
and the diminution of disease in the community, 
by pointing out and removing its causes. That 
physician who limits his benevolence to the care of 
the sick alone, but poorly performs his duty. 
Society claims of him a higher and a nobler task — 
that of preserving the health of those among whom 
his lot is cast. It is his province to arrest evils at 
their fountain head, to purify the stream at its 
source, and not to cleanse its waters when polluted 
by a thousand impurities, or dam its rushing cur- 
rent when swollen by innumerable tributaries. 

But when every means has been fruitlessly em- 
ployed to hold back the hand of pestilence ; when 
her withering arm is stretched out over our commu- 
nity, and terror and dismay are filling the souls of 
all around us, it becomes our perilous duty to re- 
main undaunted at our post, battling for every life, 
from the noblest to the meanest. Though failure 
and discouragement may cloud our minds we must 
cheer and fortify the sick man's soul and revive his 
drooping hopes; and when the livid lips and pallid 
cheek gives sad assurance of approaching dissolution, 
when we feel that soon another orphan or another 
widow will be added to those that are already 
mourning, it becomes our melancholy duty to smooth 
the rugged passage to the grave ; to calm the 
troubled spirit ; comfort the anxious relatives, and 
pour the balm of sympathy into the bosoms of an 

afflicted family, but never to abandon the patient 
to his fate while the lamp of life holds out to burn. 
Such are a few of the many solemn duties that 
lie before us as we take our departure from our 
Alma Slater. Though we may feel ourselves inad- 
equate to perform our task, let us not be discour- 
aged, but take up our armor and march out a solid 
phalanx to assist the noble old veterans who are 
bearing forward the standard of our profession, to 
plant it on the'summit that commands the strong- 
hold of disease, where it shall wave victorious over 
fleeing ignorance and superstition. 

Phi Beta Kappa. 

The annual meeting of the Phi Beta 
Fraternity was held Wednesday. The fol- 
lowing were elected members of the society ; 

Homer Ellsworth Alexander, Richmond; George 
Wesley Blanchard, Lewiston; Edgar Frank Conant, 
Lewiston; Frank Emory Dennett, Brunswick; 
George Franklin Freeman, Everett, Mass. ; Wil- 
liam Horace Greeley, New Gloucester; Henry Har- 
mon Hastings, Bethel: Walter Reid Hunt, Bangor; 
Prank Purington Morse, Brunswick; Albert Sidney 
Ridley, Lewiston; Frank Edward Simpson, Saco; 
Warren Rufus Smith, Litchfield Corner; Walter 
Irving Weeks, Wakefield, N. H. 

The following officers were elected: 

President, D. C. Linscott, Esq., '54; Vice-Pres- 
ident, Henry Ingalls, '41; Secretary and Treasurer, 
Professor F. C. Robinson, '73; Literary Committee, 
Hon. J. W. Symonds, Professor H. L. Chapman, 
Galen C. Moses, Charles Fish, Hon. Orville D. 

Meeting of the Board of Overseers. 

At the meetings of the Board of Over- 
seers Wednesday and Thursday the following 
business was transacted: 

President Hyde was re-elected. 

Albert W. Tolman, of Portland, was elected in- 
structor in Rhetoric and Elocution for three years. 

Frank N. Whittier, of Farmington Falls, was 
elected director of the gymnasium for three years. 

It was voted that the President and Faculty be 
authorized to employ a tutor to give instructions in 
such departments as they may require. 

Ernest M. Pease was elected Winkley Professor 
of the Latin Language and Literature for three 

Authority is given to Professors Robinson and 



Hutchins each to fit up a room for laboratory pur- 
poses in the basement of Adams Hall. Frank P. 
Morse was appointed assistant in Chemistry. 

Authority was granted to buy six microscopes 
that are to cost not exceeding $300 for the use of 

Au appropriation was made to allow Professor 
Chapman to purchase English Classics for use of 
the Senior class. 

Frank E. Woodruflf was elected professor of the 
Greek Language and Literature, and BoUins Pro- 
fessor of Natural and Revealed Religion. 

A re-election of Hon. Stephen J. Young as 
treasurer of the college was made for three years. 

It was voted that the thanks of the college be 
given to the heirs and executors of the late Dr. T. 
J. W. Pray, of Dover, N. H., for his generous 
bequest of one thousand dollars as a scholarship, 
to be applied in the department of English Litera- 
ture, and the college accepts the same on the terms 
and conditions of the gift. 

Voted that the generous gift of one thousand 
dollars donated by Dr. Frederick Henry Gerrish, of 
the class of '66, for the establishment and main- 
tenance of a scholarship to be known as the Wil- 
liam Little Gerrish scholarship, in memory of his 
deceased brother, of the class of '64, be accepted 
on the terms and conditions of the gift, and the 
thanks to the college is hereby tendered to him for 
the same. 

Voted that the thanks of the college be given to 
the Rev. Elias Bond, of Kohala, Hawaiian Islands, 
of the class of '37, for his generous gift of $6,000 to 
the library fund of the college, and that we grate- 
fully accept the same on the terms and condition 
of the gift. 

Voted that the thanks of the college be given to 
Mrs. Charlotte A. L. Sibley for completing the gift 
of her late husband, John Laugdon Sibley, to the 
amount of five thousand dollars, generously donated 
by them for the endowment of the library, and the 
college gratefully accept the same on the terras and 
conditions of the gift. 

Voted that the bequest of $500 by the late Pro- 
fes.sor Daniel R. Goodwin be accepted upon the 
conditions imposed, and the increase derived there- 
from to the amount of $25 per annum be given as 
a prize to the best scholar in French, at the end of 
the required course, to be called the "Goodwin" 
prize for scholarship in French. 

Voted that the degree of doctor of medicine be 
conferred on the following gentlemen recommended 
Ijy the Medical Faculty: Charles Everett Adams, 

A.M., Quincy Adams Bridges, Henry Herbert 
Brock, A.B., George Rigby- Camp, John Turney 
Dilling, Nelson Carey Haskell, A.B., Joseph How- 
ard Mansur, William Truman Merrill, A.B., Her- 
bert Brainerd Perry, James Kennard Paul Rogers, 
Edward Everett Shapleigh, Allen Lincoln Shirley, 
Harry Atherton Smith, A.B., Fred Merrill Stiles, 
Fred EUiston Strout, Arthur Leland Sukeforth. 

The degree of Bachelor of Arts was conferred 
upon William P. Martin of the class of 1880. 

Mr. D. Collins, of Wells, was elected Professor 
of History and Political Science. 

One hundred dollars was appropriated for the 
village improvement association toward making a 
mall iu front of the college grounds. 

George T. Files was elected tutor in languages. 

The matter of fitting schools was referred to a 
special committee. The committee on the removal 
of the Medical Instruction to Portland was con- 

The honorary degree of LL.D. was conferred 
upon Hon. Thomas B. Reed of Portland. 

The degree of LL.D. was conferred upon Hon. 
Nathan Webb of Portland. 

The degree of D.D. was conferred upon Rev. 
Elias Bond and Rev. Joshua Young. 

The honorary degree of A.M. was conferred 
upon Rev. Frederick S. Root and John Lambert, 

The degree of B.A. was conferred upon William 
P. MartiQ of the class of 1880. 

It was voted that in accepting the resignation 
of Professor Charles H. Smith, we take this occa- 
sion to express our sense of the value of his varied 
and faithful services to the college, and of the 
great loss which the college sustains in his departure. 

We desire to record our liigh estimation of his 
personal character, his ability as a teacher, his 
intellectual breadth, his clear insight and his high 
devotion to the interests of the college as well as 
his high standing in the commuuity and the state, 
and his valuable service in the church. In his 
thoughtfuluess and fidelity, in his soundness of 
judgment as well as in his spirit of helpfulness and 
self-sacrifice, the college, the executive, and his 
colleagues, have found a source of frequent, help- 
ful, suggestive, and wise counsel. We greatly 
regret his departure from Bowdoin, and congratu- 
late Yale on his accession. 

Votes of thanks were extended to the heirs of 
the late Dr. T. J. W. Pray, Dr. Frederick Henry 
Gerrish, Rev. Elias Bond, and Mrs. Charlotte A. L. 
Sibley for gifts to the college. 



The finance committee are Messrs. Bradbury 
and Putnam ; visiting committee, Titcomb and Frye 
of the trustees, and Libby, Allen, and Belcher of 
the overseers; examining committee, Scwell and 
Hubbard of the trustees, Dr. Chas. A. Packard, 
Spear, and Morrill of the overseers. 

The following gentlemen are invited to act with 
the examining committee as additional examiners 
for the ensuing year: Rev. B. P. Snow, Rev. C. H. 
Cutler, Rev. Edward Chase, Charles Morton Sills, 
D.D., Oliver C. Stevens, esq., Seth C. Gordon, M.D., 
Rev. E. M. Cousins of Westbrook. 

The degree of A.B. was conferred on the mem- 
bers of the Senior class. 

The degree of Master of Arts was conferred on 
the following members of '87: Carroll M. Austin, 
Clarence B. Burleigh, John V. Lane, Arthur W. 
Perkins, Merton L. Kimball, Edwai'd T. Little, 
Oliver D. Sewell, Charles J. Goodwin, Francis L. 
Talbot, Freeman D. Dearth, Ivory H. Robinson, 
Arthur W. Merrill, Firmer Pusher, Henry M. C. 
Moulton, William L. Gahan, Charles F. Moulton 
Edgar L. Means, Geo. W. Parsons. 

Other degrees conferred were: Master of Arts 
out of course. Prank 0. Puriugton, '80; Arthur C. 
Gibson and William E. Pearson, '83 ; John C. Hall 
and William C. Kendall, '85; Wallace W. Kilgore, 
Charles W. Tuttle, and Irving W. Home, '86. 

The honorary degree of Doctor of Divinity 
was conferred upon Rev. Henry Leland Chap- 

Voted that the degree of Master of Arts be con- 
ferred on those graduates who, after taking the 
Bachelor's degree, shall complete an approved course 
of advanced study equivalent to one year's post 
graduate work and shall pass with credit an oral 
and written examination on the same. Application 
for the degree must be made to the Faculty not 
later than the first of April in the year in which the 
candidate presents himself. The aim of this vote 
is to give the degree of Master of Arts a positive 
worth and at the same time place it within the 
reach of every graduate who is willing to do a rea- 
sonable amount of work for it. It was recom- 
mended by the Faculty after prolonged inquiry and 

General John Marshal Brown, of Portland, was 
re-elected President of the Board of Overseers for 
two years, and Geo. E. B. Jackson, Esq., of Port- 
laud, Vice-President. 

The Rev. Edgar M. Cousins, of Cumberland 
Mills, was made a member of the Board of Over- 

Wednesday afternoon Rev. Ruen Thomas 
D.D., of Brookline, Mass., gave a most able 
and scholarly address before the Alumni 
Association in Memorial Hall. 

Dr. Thomas, in opening, asserted that the worth 
of a man to the society in which he lives will be 
answered by the individual to whom it is put, accord- 
ing to his individuality, according to his view of 
human nature, its powers and possibilities. He 
thought that there were no days when it was of 
more importance to have intelligent ideas on social 
worth than at present, because society, using the 
word in its largest sense, was less fixed, more fluid 
to-day than it ever had been before. It was there- 
fore necessary to have a standard of social worth. 
Every man must be estimated by his worth in his 
relations. He was more or less, according to his 
influences on others, human or diabolical, according 
as he is constructive or destructive. 

Dr. Thomas continued that our ideas and feelings 
in respect to social justice were crude and untrained. 
"The just man," says Cicero, "is he who not only 
injures no one, but renders service to the common 
good." We ourselves feel that Cicero was right, and 
that any idea of justice narrower than his, is inade- 
quate and unworthy the humanity which is ours. 
That sense of dissatisfaction, that feeling of in- 
security, which belongs to our own time, arises, I 
am inclined to think, from our general non-i-ecogni- 
tion of that which Cicero emphasized — that all the 
men and women who bestow neither care nor labor 
upon anything outside their own narrow family con- 
cerns are socially unjust, and therefore unworthy of 
the respect of all that is good and worthy in society. 
There is too much individualism, too much exter- 
nalism, and too much lawlessness. Individualism is 
carried to the point where it becomes injustice. 
There is a whole nest of viporous injustices in 
society which no law reaches, and which calls for 
the getting and vigorous enforcement of good laws. 
The social worth of a man, policy, or organization, 
is never determined until you have asked how does 
he gain, use, and spend his money. Does he corrupt 
himself and others with it? Is his use of it construc- 
tive or destructive ? In a word, is he of any social 
worth ? Is he a just man or a man altogether unjust? 
Be assured that society will never be settled into that 
orderly progress for which it was designed until our 
theology has at its heart not only the fatherhood, but 
the sovereignty, of God, and our social ethics are 
saturated through and through with the doctrine 
without which a true humanity is impossible — the 
essential brotherhood of man. Christian . colleg;es 



have this as their grand mission — to raise up men 
who have their preceptions educated as to what jus- 
tice is, and what constitutes social worth, and then 
send tliem into the world to separate intelligently 
between the true and the false. 

Alumni Game. 
The annual ball game between Alumni 
Tossers and the College Team was played 
on the delta Wednesday afternoon. The 
game was an interesting one. The alumni 
showed that they had not forgotten a four 
years' experience on the diamond, and made 
the Bowdoins play the game. The score, 
18 to 9, in favor of the children, seems to in- 
dicate loose playing by the old fellows, but 
rattle in one inning did it. 

Commencement Concert. 
'Ninety's Commencement Concert oc- 
curred at the Town Hall, Wednesday even- 
ing. The concert was a decided success in 
every respect, and the class is to be congrat- 
ulated upon the fine array of talent and the 
delightful entertainment which they af- 
forded. Following is the programme : 

Overture—" La Pille de L'Alcade." Marie. 

(Spanish Style). 


* Cornet Solo— "Glen Island." Short. 

Mr. J. W. Butler. 

"Jerusalem." Gounod. 

M'me Sophie Zela. 

Piano Solo— "Kigoletto" (Verdi). Liszt. 

Miss Alice L. Philbrook. 
"Two Grenadiers." Schumann. 

Mr. M. W. Whitney. 
Gavotte—" Les Pages de la Reine." Tavan. 

Piccalo Solo—" Through the Air." Damm. 

Mr. E. B. Elliott. 
a " .leg elsker dig" (I love thee). Grieg. 

h " F, orton ar" (Love smiles no more). Folk Song. 

M'me Sophie Zela. 
" A Mariner's Home is the Sea." Randegger. 

Mr. M. W. Whitney. 

Clarinet Solo— "Eighth Air Varie." Breprant. 

Mr. N. R. Amelotte. 

Duet—" La ci darem." Mozart. 

M'me Zela and Mr. Whitney. 

Overture — "Pest." Latann. 


*A mandolin solo substituted. 

Every number was exquisitely rendered 
and heartily encored. Mme. Zela and Mr. 
Whitney were the favorites of the evening, 
and were rapturously received. Mme. Zela 
has a most fascinating stage presence, and 
her rich, powerful voice completely capti- 
vated the audience. Mr. Whitney's superb 
bass called forth round after round of ap- 
plause, to which he graciously responded, his 
encore, " The Three Fishers," being one of 
the finest and best rendered selections ever 
given before a Brunswick audience. The 
other selections were of the highest order 
and deserve special mention. 

Featernity Reunions. 

After the concert the different Fraternity 
halls were the centers of attraction, where 
the undergraduate was given an opportunity 
of meeting in closer bonds the old fellows 
to whose energy and interests the present 
Bowdoin chapters owe their existence and 
prosperity. Banqueting and toasting until 
a late hour was, we feel confident to say, the 
universal programme. It was some hours 
after the midnight whistles had sounded 
before the ringing Fraternity songs an- 
nounced that the festivities of the evening 
were ended. 

Alumni Meeting. 

The annual meeting of the Alumni was 
held Thursday morning. The president of 
the association. Dr. F. H. Gerrish, '66, re- 
viewed the progress and condition of the 
college, and spoke of the gifts which it has 
received during the past year from Dr. T. 
J. W. Pray, Rev. Elias Bond, Dr. Gerrish, 
and Mrs. Charlotte A. Sibley. He also re- 
ported the action of the Trustees in the 
election of professors and conferring of de- 
grees, spoken of elsewhere in this number. 



A vote of thanks was extended to Rev. 
Dr. Thomas for his able and brilliant ad- 

A committee, consisting of W. A. Good- 
win, '43, Rev. E. C. Ciimmings, '53, and 
Hon. J. W. Symoiids, '60, was appointed to 
decide on the terms on which the Pray 
English Literature prize should be awarded, 
and to award that prize. 

Commencement Exercises. 
Thursday was the eventful day on which 
'90 was thrust out into the cruel world as 
full-fledged A.B.'s. At 10.45 the procession, 
headed by the Cadet Band, followed in 
order by the graduating class, the faculty, 
overseers, and visiting alumni, marched to 
the church on the Hill. The exercises were 
full of interest, the different parts being ably 


Reform in Taxation — witli Latin Salutatory. 

Warren Eufus Smith. 
Permanent Elements in Christianity. 

Wilmot Brookings Mitchell. 
Present Tendencies of Individualism. 

• * Albert Sidney Ridley. 
Our Duty to the Indian. 

George Franklin Freeman. 
The Reduced Power of the Executive. 

Frank Emory Dennett. 
The Injustice of Protection. 

Walter Reid Hunt. 
Crime in its Relation to Society. 

George Wesley Blanchard. 
The Law of Habit. * Walter Irving Weeks. 

The Future of the Negro. 

Henry Harmon Hastings. 
The College Woman; a Rival or a Co-worker? 

George Brinton Chandler. 


The American College and the University. 

* Mr. Austin Cary. 
Valedictory in Latin. 

* Mr. Charles Jaques Goodwin. 
Conferring of Degrees. 


Following are the honorary appointments 
for the class of 1890 : 


Warren Rufus Smith. Litchfield Corner. 


George Wesley Blanchard. Lewiston. 

Frank Emory Dennett. Brunswick. 

George Franklin Freeman. Everett, Mass. 

Henry Harmon Hastings. Bethel. 

Walter Reid Hunt. Bangor. 

Albert Sidney Ridley. Lewiston. 

Walter Irving Weeks. Wakefield, N. H. 


Homer Ellsworth Alexander. 
Edgar Frank Conant. 
William Horace Greeley. 
Frank Purinton Morse. 
Frank Edward Simpson. 



New Gloucester. 




Walter Elliot Cummings. Hartland. 

William Wingate Hubbard. Bangor. 

Charles Lyman Hutchinson. Portland. 

Wilmot Brookings Mitchell. Freeport. 

John Marshall Washburn Moody. Turner. 

Elvington Palmer Spinney. Brunswick. 

Aretas Elroy Stearns. Quincy, Fla. 

Harry Cargill Wingate. Bangor. 


Percy Willis Brooks. Augusta. 

Edward Aloysius Francis McCullough. Bangor. 

Joseph Brooks Pendleton. Belfast. 

Herbert Clarence Royal. Auburn. 

Thomas Cotter Spillane. Lewiston. 

Victor Veranus Thompson. Friendship. 

George Averill Tolman. Portland. 

Oliver William Turner. Augusta. 

Henry Wilson Webb. North Bridgton. 


Fred John Allen. 
Ernest Leon Bartlett. 
William Trickey Dunn, Jr. 
Gilbert Berry Littlefield. 
George Bowman Sears. 
Arthur Vincent Smith. 


East Dixmont. 

North Yarmouth. 


Danvers, Mass. 

Middleborough, Mass. 


Frank Emory Dennett. 



Goodwin Commencement Prize. 

By W. B. Mitchell. 
The Goodwin Commencement Prize was 
awarded by the committee to Mr. W. B. 
Mitchell of Freeport. Below we publish the 
oration as delivered : 

The spirit of skepticism is rife on every hand. 
It is not alone among those who would openly 
declare war against the Christian faith ; it is not 
alone among those who rejoice in nnbelief, that this 
spirit is prevalent, but among the very friends and 
allies of the Master do we find tbis doubting. It is 
manifested in the Sabbath School and in every re- 
ligious newspaper. Many are the youth iu college 
to-day, who are passing through all the pain and 
travail of birth that they may be born again into 
the intellectual Kingdom of God. 

Whether this tendency towards skepticism is an 
advantage or not, whether we should regard it as 
one of the blessings of culture, or as one of the 
necessary accompaniments to the grand evolution 
of the human family, it is not for me to say. The 
fact remains that the great questions which men 
to-day are forced to decide for themselves, are not 
concerning the trinity or the unity of God, but 
whether there is a personal God ; not whether we 
shall pray extemporaneously or with the prayer- 
book, but whether there is such a thing as prayer. 
No longer can we consider skepticism as a mere 
ripple, but as a vast wave rolling in from the great 
■ ocean of thought, which at times threatens to sweep 
us from the Solid Rook. This being the case, it 
behooves us to ask the questions : Will Christianity 
be swept away by skepticism ? Are Christ and cult- 
ure incompatible 1 Cannot every one think and 
still believe? Are there not foundations upon 
which the Bible and the Church rest, foundations 
as solid as adamant and as immovable as the ever- 
lasting hills? It seems to me that there are. First 
among tbem should be placed a belief in God. By 
this is meant not simply a belief in an hypothesis 
by which all the phenomena of nature may be ex- 
plained, not simply a belief in a cold, mathemati- 
cal mind, which makes all the planets move in 
harmony, and the flowers and trees to bloom in the 
spring-time, beautiful as this conception is, but a 
belief in a loving and beneficent guardian, who, like 
as a father pitieth his children so hath compassion 
upon the children of men. 

We find that this belief in God isinhei'ent in the 
individual and in the race. Men are found among 

every race, and in almost every stage of civilization 
groping about if haply they may find the God 
whom they instinctively crave. Everywhere do 
men feel an insatiable craving for a higher love, for 
a broader and more stable friendship, a need of a 
greater strength than that within themselves. 
Everywhere are men seeking to comprehend a 
larger life, seeking to get into harmony with their 
existence. Give to men whatever of earthly pleas- 
ures they may desire, grant them the wealth of 
CrcEsus, honor and fame the greatest, friends the 
dearest, and still will they tell you that there are 
longings within which these do not satisfy, that 
there are obstinate questionings which these cannot 

Everywhere do we find theism more suited to 
human nature than atheism. Does it not satisfy 
more a man's sense of righteousness, of truth, and of 
justice to believe in an Almighty God, who is all 
power, all knowledge, all love, ruling over this 
world and caring for it, than to believe that it is 
simply " a monstrous engine of matter and force, 
grinding on remorselessly, caring not whom it kills, 
utterly unguided, unheeding, unknowing?" To 
all the experiences of human life is not theism more 
suited than atheism ? When our cup of joy is full, 
when we feel the blood of youth and health surging 
in our veins, when fortune has seemed to smile upon 
us, when success seems to crown our every effort, 
does not the heart of man yearn for one to whom he 
may show his spirit of gratitude and thankfulness ? 

In the hours of discouragement and defeat, in 
the time of disease when the helmet seems to be 
broken and the breastplate shattered, whenovercome 
by passion, with ambition thwarted, and with hope 
deferred, when love is unrequited and friends fail, 
then does not the heart look upward, then is not 
the belief in God a comfort and a strength, a reality 
to every heart? And when we seem to be nearing 
the border-laud, when we walk through the dark 
valley of the shadow, when we stoop over the dying 
mother, and look for the last time upon the face of 
her to whom we have been accustomed to pour out 
our every hope and doubt, who was always ready to 
hear our boyish plans and our youthful ambitions, 
then does not the belief in a God who will help the 
struggling and reward the upright, pour the balm 
of comfort upon the bleeding heart ? 

Again, what the practical men of this age are 
ever longing for is the practical result. Do not 
those persons who have a belief in God make the 
best citizens, the best neighbors, the best fathers 
and mothers, the best wives and husbands, the best 



sons and daughters? This fact was so clearly 
proved in the last century in Franco that even 
Eobespierre told the French Jacobins : "If there 
were no God in existence it would be necessary to 
the national well-being to invent one." Men may 
prove to us all they will and can, saying that a 
personal God is impossible, and yet as long as there 
is this universal outcry of the heart and flesh for a 
living God, this instinctive faith in spiritual things 
ever springing up afresh, so long is this belief a 
permanent thing, so long is it indelibly engraved 
upon the table of the human heart. 

The second principle which is emphasized again 
and again in the Christian religion, and which will 
remain permanent, is that which expresses the rela- 
tion of man to man. We sometimes think that the 
New Testament refers mostly to the hereafter, and 
are apt to think that the Kingdom of Heaven upon 
earth is a contradiction in terms, but when we look 
over our New Testament we are surprised to dis- 
cover how few references are made to the future 
life, and how many passages and teachings have 
reference to this life right here upon earth. 

Political and social economy have made vast 
strides during the present century. Many brilliant 
and sound minds, many manly lives, and thousands 
of dollars have been consecrated to the noble pur- 
pose of finding and of putting into practice the princi- 
ple which expresses the true relation between man 
and man. Many social schemes have been devised 
which have done a grand and noble work among 
men, and yet I think we will find that those social 
schemes and principles which have been most suc- 
cessful, have been only a nearer approach to the 
great social axiom which Christ laid down as the 
second great commandment among men. 

The recent increase of the literature in which 
the Christian doctrine is applied to social questions, 
and that too, by men who have made the study of 
social questions a life work, clearly shows that men 
are coming more and more to realize that the solu- 
tion of the great problems concerning divorces, 
land, labor, and liquor, lies within the one great 
priuciple : "Thou shalt love thy neighbor as 
thyself" Men may rise up aud attempt to over- 
throw Christianity, enemies from within and from 
without may assail it, and yet every man must 
admit that this principle emphasized again and 
again by Christ, must remain as the principle which 
expresses the broadest, the deepest, and the fullest 
apprehension of the relation of man to his fellow. 

The third element which is permanent is the 
Christian ideal. This ideal will remain forever 

because it is not written upon human records alone, 
but engraved upon the hearts of men. Let it be 
proved that miracles are impossible, yet in the 
heart of every man who loves righteousness, truth, 
purity, and manliness, that simple story of the life 
in Palestine remains as the grandest, the purest, 
the most comprehensive conception of human life 
in all its fullness that has yet been revealed to men. 

It has been said that the solution of the problem 
of essence, of the questions. Whence ? What ? and 
Whither? must be in a life and not in a book. 
Men have been puzzling over these questions for 
centuries upon centuries, and not yet are there 
the least signs that any solution will or can be 
given, clearer and simpler than the solution which 
Christ worked out upon earth, as he here went 
about teaching and doing, living a life rich in 
its fullness, universal in its charities, almost fierce 
in its denunciation of sin, but manifesting the 
greatest love and pity for the sinner. 

Yes, throw away the whole Bible, prove no 
revelation, no God, no Christ, and yet this grand 
ideal will, and from the very necessity of man's 
moral nature must remain a living force, elevating 
the thousands aud the tens of thousands of the 
narrow, bigoted, vicious, evil hearts into a higher, 
a richer, aud a more abundant life. Never, as long 
as men are beings with human hearts tending to 
look upward, and with souls craving for a broader 
life; never, as long as men feel a hand stretching 
from without the darkness to mould their lives; 
never as long as human love exists, and man is to 
man a brother, will that Christian ideal fail to 
attract and draw the human heart up to higher 
planes of living. 

Commencement Dinner. 

At the close of the exercises in the 
cliiircli the procession was again formed and 
this time marched to the gymnasium, where 
the Commencement Dinner was to be served 
by Robinson of Portland. 

The dinner was by far the most elaborate 
ever served at a Bowdoin Commencement. 
Three hundred jjlates were laid and each 
one was cared for by a reiDresentative of the 
students or alumni. 

After discussion of the tempting viands, 
President Hyde, who sat at the head of the 
table, and introduced the different after- 



dinner speakers in a dignified and praise- 
worthy manner, called the meeting to order, 
and spoke as follows : 
Brethren of the Alumni: 

The college is always glad to see her sons. As 
one sees here, she puts on her beautiful garments, 
spreads her table, and extends a special welcome to 
you all. We know that it is good for us to receive 
the inspiration and encouragement that your pres- 
ence brings to us, and we believe that it is good for 
you to renew the associations of youth, to confirm 
the long-established friendships,and renew acquaint- 
ance with the college of to-day. 

The year which now comes to a close has been 
as pleasant a one as could be desired. The only 
occasion for regret at this time is the departure 
from us of one who for seventeen years has been an 
efficient teacher and a faithful worker in all the 
departments of the college. He has not only faith- 
fully performed the duties of his own department, 
but he has borne upon his mind and heart the wide 
interests of the college, and identified himself com- 
pletely with its welfare. The system of government 
which we are now enjoying here was introduced by 
him, and this building in which we are gathered 
to-day was due largely to the fact tliat he initiated 
the plan and made the first subscription which led 
to its erection. [Applause.] Four or five times he 
has received flattering calls from other iustitutious, 
each one of which would have been regarded as a 
promotion, but each time he said "No," until at 
last there came a call from his Alma Mater. It was 
a call to his home, his family, and his friends, and 
to a department to which he has given especial 
attention for many years, and this call was stronger 
than any other influence which rightly we could 
present, and so we can only bid him Godspeed as 
he goes to a larger and wider field. I am happy 
to announce that the boards have succeeded so 
promptly in doing the best we can to fill his place. 
We have chosen D. Connell Webbs, a graduate of 
the college to which our professor goes, in the class 
of 1880. He has taught successfully in Indianapolis, 
has been for three years instructor in History and 
Political Science in Phillips Andover Academy, and 
he comes to us with the highest endorsement and 
recommendation. Ue brings to us the enthusiasm 
of youth, a love of study, and an earnest devotion 
to his chosen subjects, and we believe that as far as 
the place can be filled he is able to do it. 

I am also happy to announce that the funds for 
the observatory have at last been raised. [Ap- 

plause.] Two years ago a gentleman in the West, 
Mr. John J. Taylor, offered us one thousand dollars, 
provided two thousand more could be raised for 
that purpose. A few weeks ago Professor Lee felt 
confident that we needed only to have the matter 
brought to the attention of some of the alumni of 
Portland and vicinity. He found a hearty response 
in the young men there, Mr. Payson, Mr. Spring, 
and others, and with their aid and co-operation the 
last thousand dollars has been raised. [Applause.] 

Our history for the past year has been one of 
quiet and steady work, one in which there is very 
little to note, but one which has been full of pleasure 
and profit to us all. If we were to glance back over 
the period of the last five years, I could call your 
attention to many changes that have been made, 
and, we think, all of them for the better. This 
gymnasium in which we are now gathered has been 
erected. It has been established on a firm basis, 
and is a regular department of the college. Every 
student who comes here is submitted to a thorough 
physical examination and is required to exercise 
four times a week. We have now placed the director 
of the gymnasium, Mr. Whittier, a graduate of the 
college in 1885, in what is a practically permanent 
position, and one which is truly ou an equality with 
the other departments of the college. [Applause.] 

Perhaps the greatest advance that has been 
made in these years has been in the library. Until 
recently, the library has been simply a collection of 
comparatively useless book-shelves, from vi'hich stu- 
dents were permitted to take books; but under the 
efficient management of our present librarian, and 
enlarged and enriched by generous donations, the 
library has been transformed into the central work- 
shop of the college. Certain departments of study 
are carried on almost exclusively in and through 
the library. History and kindred studies are more 
and more being taught with no text-books what- 
soever, but with the library as the place of refer- 

In the languages, additions to the course have 
been made. In Latin, a teachers' course has been 
added, .so that when students go out they may not 
only have the ordinary course of instruction, but 
they may be taught how to teach. There is a 
teachers' course in CsBsar, giving instruction in the 
way to ask the elementary questions and develop 
an interest in the language in the pupil's mind. In 
Greek, the growing importance of archasology has 
been recognized, and an elective in that has been 
introduced into the course. The modern languages 
have been transferred to the beginning of the 



course, where there is an opportunity for their use 
later on in the curriculum. 

The laboratory method has come into increasing 
prominence in all the sciences. Increased facilities 
have been added from year to year. This year new 
microscopes were added to the laboratory, and with 
the erection of the astronomical building our facil- 
ities will be not all that we could desire, but a great 
advance on what has been heretofore. 

The departments of History and Political and 
Social Science have increased in importance. Three 
or four years ago only three students were electing 
history; this year there are forty. It is proposed to 
go on increasing the time and attention given to 
studies in social science. Increased provisions are 
being made for the study of elocution. 

The moral and social life of the college for the 
past year has been, on the whole, extremely good. 
We have nowadays, on the average, about one case 
of serious discipline in two or three years, so that 
those of you who have brought up families of boys 
I think will agree that we get along about as peace- 
ably and pleasantly as the average family in that 

President Hyde then called upon Hon. 
W. W. Virgin, of the class of '44, Judge of 
the Supreme Court. 

The Judge said that according to a Danish 
proverb "There is nothing so new but it has been 
before." Proverbs are generally true, but like 
ready-made clothing they don't always fit. For 
instance, nobody ever heard of his attempting to 
make an after-dinner speech. Every member of 
the class of '44 deserved an English oration at Com- 
mencement, and the Faculty, in order to prevent 
the exercises consuming too much time, gave them 
out alphabetically. [Laughter.] They began with 
Adams and inevitable result was that his name 
came so far down in the alphabet that he didn't get 
one, and not having been born an orator, and hav- 
ing had no time since to learn that great art, here 
he was without any powers whatever in that line. 
The Judge compared his case to that of the school- 
boy, who, after drawing an animal on his slate, 
wrote its name overhead in order to ensure its 
recognition. " I fear, O Meliboeus," said he, turn- 
ing to President Hyde, " that had you not announced 
my name at the close of that little fancy sketch of 
yours which preceded it, neither I uor any of my 
acquaintances here would have recognized the 
allusions." [Laughter.] 

Confession is good for the soul, and he wished 

to enrich his soul by the rather mortifying confession 
that this was the first time he had ever had any 
personal testimony of those to him, as an unsophisti- 
cated undergraduate, mysterious charges on the old 
term bill: "To Commencement dinner, 25 cents." 
He couldn't understand then why he never saw or 
tasted of any of those dinners, so many of which 
he had paid for. While poring over the elemen- 
tary books of his profession he had concluded that 
the dinners were mere trifles and came under the 
rule, " Z>e mininds non curat lex." Later, as his 
observation broadened and he learned about certain 
airy nothings, denominated "constructives," he 
concluded that they must have been " constructive" 
dinners. [Laughter.] As he had strolled through 
the college paths and recalled old scenes and re- 
membrances, he had become a boy again. He 
admitted, even at the risk of its being set down to 
second childhood, that the memory had filled him 
with boyish feelings, and that he now experienced 
a sensation like that which he used to feel when the 
professor glanced down the alphabetical list in the 
little book which was before him. He had been 
struggling, ever since he was called, to shako 
off this feeling, but it was impossible, so he had 
succumbed to what they used to call a " dead," and 
must now say "unprepared." [Laughter and ap- 

President Hyde next called upon Hon. 
James Ware Bradbury, of the class of '25, 
who spoke as follows: 
Mr. President and Fellow-Alumni : 

It is now sixty-five years since I parted with my 
Alma Mater, with her blessing. I loved her then 
and my attachment for her lias been undiminished 
with growing years. [Applause.] She appears to 
be as fair now as she did then. I reverenced her 
because she bestowed upon me all she could, doing 
for the pupils all she was able to do to fit them for 
the battle of life. And now my aflfection remains 
undiminished. She appears as fair as then. I see 
no wrinkle upon her brow. She seems to have 
found all that Ponce de Leon sought, and lives in 
perpetual youth. I speak of the class of '25. My 
time of speech-making has long since passed; I can 
only make a few brief suggestions. The class con- 
sisted of thirty-eight members, and I can speak of it 
as a class in which there was great industry and 
devotion to her studies, and ambitious determination 
to excel. There were a large number who never 
entered the recitation room without determining to 
have a lesson that was perfect. They have passed 



away, all, all but five. The larger number of them 
became useful, intelligent, and valuable citizens. 
Some attained distinction. I recall them and I love 
to recall them as they appeared to me at that time. 
I recall Cilley, with his militai-y air, his quick decis- 
ion, his decisive speech, his great ability. I recall 
Hawthorne, a youth shy, silent, and thoughtful. 
When we left the recitation room, instead of ming- 
ling with the rest, he had one of his two chosen 
companions, Horatio Briggs or Franklin Pierce, 
afterwards President of the United States. He was 
thoughtful and philosophical, yet we did not at that 
time anticipate that he was to give to the American 
people those perfect models of literatui-e. 1 recol- 
lect Longfellow, differing much in appearance from 
the photographs you see of venerable age and flow- 
ing locks ; then he was a slender youth with auburn 
locks flowing as his white locks are now represented, 
always the scholar, always the gentleman. I recol- 
lect many others, but they would be uninteresting to 
you. They have passed away, with the exception of 
five now remaining. Of these. General Bridge is 
one, who occupied for a long time an important de- 
partment at Washington, and during the late war, 
where the influence he possessed would have ena- 
bled him to enrich himself by means not strictly 
upi'ight, he came out with clean hands. Cheever 
still remains, an accomplished writer and able 
speaker, always ready to combat some wrong. The 
others remaining are Pale, a successful mercliant at 
Andover, and a neighbor of mine. Dr. Eveleth. All 
the rest have passed away. 

We had on our fiftieth anniversary a meeting at 
which Longfellow delivered his " Morituri Saluta- 
mus." Allow me to recall a single incident con- 
nected with it. At the time of the delivery of the 
poem there were thirteen of the class remaining. 
Eleven were upon the stage with the honored Pro- 
fessor Packard at their head, and Longfellow, in the 
course of his references to the past and to the teachers 
whose instruction we had received, made a pathetic 
allusion : 

" Gone, gone, all gone save one," 
And turning with a graceful salutation to Packard : 
" All save one. 
Honor and reverence and the good repute 
That follows faithrul service as its fruit. 
Be unto him, whom living we salute." 
[Applause.] I recollect that when the poem was 
finished and a vote of thanks was given, the presiding 
officer remarked that in the i-epublic of letters the 
ladies all voted, and thereupon the whole audi- 
ence arose and gave such tokens of admiration as 
could not fail to be gratifying to the poet. 

One word in regard to our teachers at that time. 
The curriculum was not a very extensive one. The 
teachers were not many, but amongst them was one 
who has come down to modern times — Packard, then 
a young man who continued connected with this col- 
lege so long that two thousand of its graduates out 
of twenty-one hundred had received instruction in 
some way from him. [Applause.] One other, 
Cleaveland, one of the two distinguished scientists of 
the nation at that time : " Clarum venerabile nomen,^'' 
I never heard any lecturer who surpassed Cleave- 
land in the interest he inspired. So thoroughly did 
he always give himself up to his subject that when 
we left the recitation room it seemed as if that sub- 
ject was the one great thing to which we should give 
our attention. Professor Smythe was with us a short 
time while I was in college, the man to whom we 
owe so much for his earnest efforts in connection with 
the erection of our beautiful Memorial Hall. Also 
for a short period Professor Upham and Professor 

One word in regard to our college. I think it is 
distinguished in some particulars. Its aim has ever 
been to teach its pupils to use their powers. Li- 
stead of receiving knowledge through lectures, only 
filling the mind with the thoughts of others, it is teach- 
ing you to think, so that when you go out in the great 
battle of life you have the command of your own 
powers, and I think the result justifies the course that 
has been pursued. I think you can find no institution 
in the country that can show a larger percentage, per- 
haps I may say so large a percentage, of successful 
men as Bowdoin has sent out throughout the whole 
Union. [Applause.] To be sure, she has been dis- 
tinguished by the many eminent men that she has 
equipped, but her great and crowning glory is the 
great averge of useful, intelligent citizens who go 
out into society and elevate its standard of intelli- 
gence and morality. It is well that we have our 
distinguished names, but the great value of the in- 
stitution, of any institution, is the large number of 
those who are exercising such influences as to add 
in forming society. To be sure, we might refer to 
the distinguished names that she has sent forth in 
divinity, such men as Harris; in law, the Chief 
Justice and many eminent lawyers. She has the 
presidents and professors of colleges all over the 
land; and then, when we turn to public life, we 
might mention Sargent S. Prentiss, George Evans, 
Franklin Pierce, who, by the by, was the most elo- 
quent speaker that ever occupied the presidential 
chair [Applause], and William Pitt Fessenden 
[Applause] ; and now she furnishes our two Sena- 
tors, our Speaker of the House [Great apjilause]. 



our Chief Justice of the United States. [Applause.] 
The past of the college is secure. It remains for the 
alumni to give continued character and success to 
the institution; and let them have in view now that 
her character and interests depend largely upon the 
alumni. The Faculty, however able, need the sup- 
port and aid of the alumni, and when you go forth, 
let her have your voice, your support, your aid in 
every direction, and malie Bowdoin such an institu- 
tion that when a man comes out from it with his 
diploma, it shall be a certificate that shall almost 
give him position anywhere. [Applause.] 

The next speaker was Mr. E. T. Parsons, 
of the chiss of '33, a member of the board of 

Mr. Parsons said that his class had the honor of 
entering at the same time that Professor Ijongfellow 
came to the college after four years' study and jour- 
neying in Europe, in which time he became so facile 
in the use of European tongues that it was said that 
he was often taken for a native Frenchman. He said 
thai, in the earlier part of his theological education, 
he had attended Andover, where one of his instruct- 
ors was James Newman, the father of our beloved 
Professor Newman. Mr. Newman, in speaking of 
the kind of men that came to Andover from the dif- 
ferent colleges, said that scholars always came from 
Bowdoin. Mr. Parsons praised the scholarship and 
discipline of Bowdoin. He spoke of the large in- 
crease in the number of instructors, the new and 
important methods of teaching, and the increased 
material and opportunities for a higher, a more thor- 
ough, and a more practical education than before. A 
man can't go through Bowdoin College now without 
knowing what he knows, because there are so many 
things that test his knowledge. There was one fail- 
ure, he said, in Bowdoin College to comply with the 
law of evolution, and that was in the matter of finance. 
Many high schools and academies are paying their 
professors as large or larger salaries than Bowdoin 
professors receive. We ought to have at least a mil- 
lion dollars. It is too bad that Bowdoin College 
can't compete with all the other colleges in the land 
because of her narrow means. This was a matter, 
he said, which should be laid to heart by the alumni 
and all friends of the college. 

The College Banjo and Guitar Club next 
rendered a pleasing selection, receiving an en- 
thusiastic encore. The President then called 
upon Rev. Elijah Kellogg, who was greeted 
with a perfect storm of applause. He said : 

Mr. President, Gentlemen, Members of the Alumni, 
and Classmates : 

It is fifty years this autumn since I presented my- 
self, a sedate and diffident youth, between the two 
maple trees that then relieved the monotony of this 
then arid and barren college yard and, like friend- 
ship and misfortune, flung their shadow over the 
steps of Massachusetts Hall, and sued for admittance 
to Bowdoin College. With that humility which was 
an inherent attribute of youth in that by-gone day 
[Laughter,] I requested an inhabitant of this village 
to point out to me the president of the college, and I 
gazed upon the great man with that anxiety and 
solicitude inspired by the belief that my fate and 
that of my companions lay in his clutches. Since 
that period, since that comparatively short period, 
what changes have taken place ! This barren college 
yard, across which students were wont to hurry, has 
been transformed into a beautiful and attractive 
campus where they are now prone to linger and re- 
pose and sport. This then barren college yard, 
where Professors Smythe and Newman struggled 
desperately to prolong the existence of a few sickly 
trees, and died in the struggle, [Laughter,] is now 
adorned by that beautiful Memorial Hall, created by 
the hands of a progressive age, and transmitting to 
other generations the virtues and the memory of 
those sons of Bowdoin who were true to their country 
in the hour of her peril. 

But in other respects what changes! Every pres- 
ident but two, every instructor, every teacher, every 
tutor, every person in any way connected with this 
college, from the treasurer to the woman who took 
care of the rooms, and the janitor, a great portion of 
the overseers and the trustees and the alumni have 
all passed away. I could reckon up my own sur- 
viving classmates on my fingers, and I stand here 
to-day like an old tree autong the younger growth, 
from whose trunk the bark and limbs have fallen, 
and whose roots are drying in the soil. Then I could 
stand where the roads divide that lead to Mere Point 
and Maquoit, and hear the roar of the Atlantic in one 
ear and that of the falls of the Androscoggin in the 
other. To-day I have not heard a word, except the 
two words "Bowdoin College." 

But there is no decrepitude of the spirit. [Ap- 
plause.] Moons may wax and wane, flowers may 
bloom and wither, but the associations that link the 
student to his intellectual birthplace are eternal. 

There is an original tendency in the human mind 
which is the foundation of the desire of property. 
We all naturally crave something that is onr own. 



What lover of nature wants to be where everybody 
has been ? It is an instinctive tendency. We want 
our own land, however limited ; our own house, 
however humble ; our own boolss, liowever few in 
number. Who, I pray you, wants to "wear liis heart 
upon his sleeve for daws to pecli at," or to be a 
member of" a fraternity that is lilje an unfeuced com- 
mon for every slimy thing to creep and to crawl 
over? It is this instinctive tendency which has from 
the beginning been at the foundation of all fraterni- 
ties of every description whatever, and they have 
striven to realize this idea, thougli they have not 
always accomplished it. Tliis principle of limitation 
strengthens by concentrating every association and 
every feeling of the human mind, just as the expan- 
sive gasses derive their terrific power from compres- 
sion, and liquids, by concentration, gain in pungency 
what they lose in bulk. It is this which imparts 
such magic power to the college tie, because the col- 
lege tie brings and binds together, at a period when 
friendships are most ardent and sincere and when 
the feelings are most plastic, those who have sep- 
arated themselves to intermeddle with all knowl- 
edge, and unites them in the pursuit of all that can 
honor God, develop the intellect or benefit mankind. 
It introduces them at once into a fraternity com- 
posed, not merely of their own classmates and con- 
temporaries, but of all tlie gifted and the good who 
still live in their works, and by whose labors they 
profit. Tlie longer a man lives, the broader his 
views, and the more he experiences of men and 
things, the more he feels his obligation to his Alma 
Mater, to the nourishment he drew from her bosom, 
to the formative influences with which she sur- 
rounded him. Brethren, it was here we were intel- 
lectually born and bred, 

" 'Twas here our life of lives began, 
The spirit felt its dormant power. 
'Twas here the youth became the man, 
The bud became the flower." 

The longer a man lives, the more sensible he be- 
comes of this obligation, and though it is impossible 
to repress a feeling of sadness when we visit the 
roouis and tread the floors where tliose swift-winged 
liours flew, and wlierc we decipher tlie almost oblit- 
erated inscriptions, tlie names on the walls, names 
of most dear to us, of those whose step kept 
time and whose hearts throbbed in unison with ours, 

" Who tlie same pang and pleasure felt, 
At tlie same shrine of worship knelt, 
And knew the same celestial glow 
That young and burning spirits know 
In the bright dreaming days of youth, 
Ere visions have been chilled by truth. 

And feelings gushed without control 

Of those cold fetters fashioned by 

That wayward king, society." 
And yet these considerations are modified by the 
reflection that they have nobly used the training that 
they here received, and are exerting influences that 
survive them and have sown seed that shall be the 
increment of future harvests. I feel grateful that a 
lengthened life and an intimate acquaintance with 
tlie history and the former faculty, and the students 
of this college, has enabled me to appreciate the 
progress of this institution for the last fifty years. 
For more than forty years circumstances have so 
ordered it that I have been brought in most intimate 
relations with the faculty and with the students of 
Bowdoin College. They have loved me and I have 
loved them. [Applause.] I have been brought in 
contact with these young men at a period in their 
moral and mental development when a youth will 
tell his whole heart, all his best plans, aspirations 
and difficulties to an older person who he feels 
understands him and whom he knows he can trust; 
and in the light of this experience I do not hesitate 
to say that this college never stood so high in moral 
and intellectual work as it does this day. [Applause.] 
In 1838 I listened to the farewell address of Presi- 
dent Allen to the faculty and students of this college 
and the inhabitants of this town, in which he declared 
that this college was a seething tub of iniquity, and 
he could not in conscience advise any parent to send 
a child here. Mr. President, do you think you could 
in conscience make such a declaration ? [Laughter.] 
And whatever may be thought, I say wliatever may be 
thought of the good judgment of the reverend gen- 
tleman, it cannot be denied that he had good grounds 
for his assertion. 

There were at that time a great many pious and 
devoted students in college, as many, probably, in 
proportion to the number, as have ever been since. 
Tliey had a praying circle, and the college church 
kept up their religious meetings and attended them 
promptly. They lived, the greater portion of them, 
devoted and consistent lives, and from time to time 
they received the influences of the divine spirit, and 
many strong men were here brought to Christ and 
fitted for usefulness ; but in general they had tlie fire 
all to themselves and it warmed no one else. The 
good went with the good, and the bad with the bad. 
There was a line of demarkation between them. I 
did what I could to break it, came very near ship- 
wreck, and shall carry the scars of it to my grave, 
but I am glad I made the attempt. Those were not 
the methods which the clianging times required. 
The Christian Association, wliich has superseded it. 



built on a broader basis, meets the requirements of 
to-day, and does more to promote the morality of the 
college. Things have broadened since I was a boy. 
Why, when I was a young man it was thought that a 
person couldn't be converted till he was married and 
settled in life. [Laughter.] Another thing which has 
added strength to this college and been fruitful in 
respect to morality, is the attention that has been 
paid of late to athletic exercises. [Applause.] This 
outlet for superfluous energy has more to do with the 
good order and subordination of the institution than 
most people are wont to imagine. Boys that in mv 
day would have been playing cards in their room for 
a hot supper and fixings at the Tontine, are now 
pulling an oar or playing base-ball or lawn-tennis, 
and the germs of mischief ooze out in copious drops 
of perspiration. [.\pplause and laughter.] And 
when night comes, instead of shirt-tail processions, 
making night hideous, they are contented to sit 
down with their books or go to bed. 

It lias always been a vexed problem how to give 
students exercise. Every man of common sense 
knows that students, in order to accomplish anything, 
must have exercise. Andover built a large building, 
bought tools and stock, hired a skilled foreman, 
and was going to set the students to work. They 
wasted so much lumber and brought the institution 
so heavily in debt that they were obliged to sell out 
and turn the building into a house for Professor 

I recall the military drill here. It was all 
very well for a while. But all couldn't be oiHcers. 
[Laughter.] Nobody was content to be dragooned 
by an army officer. But lawn-tennis, base-ball, foot- 
ball, and the gymnasium till the bill. The students 
are proud of their gymnasium, and I know from per- 
sonal experience that, during the last eight years, 
those who have excelled in athletic exercises have 
also excelled in rank. Now I believe that this col- 
lege has taken a new departure, and I believe that 
there is a future for it from the fact that the alumni 
take more interest in the college than they used to 
take, and because there are so many poor students 
connected with it. Poor students are the salvation 
of the college. I know young men who have worked 
their way through college that are to-day its bene- 
factors. I worked my way through college with a 
narrow axe, and when I was hard up for money I 
used to set the college fence afire and burn it up, and 
the Treasurer would hire me to build another one. 
[Great laughter.] Let the young man who has to 
help himself thank God, keep his powder dry, and 
take to his bosom the old motto: " Per angusta ad 

President Hyde remarked that it was 
fitting to turn our attention for a moment to 
our guests. He then called upon Rev. O.W. 
Fulsom of Bath, a graduate of Dartmouth. 

Mr. Fulsom said that he had a feeling of frater- 
nity with the men by whom lie was surrounded 
owing to his delightful relations with graduates of 
Bowdoin ever since he entered college twenty-five 
years ago. Professor William Packard had been 
his instructor in Greek at Dartmouth, and Professor 
Egbert Smythe had been one of his instructors in 
the Andover Theological Seminary. When he came 
into the State of Maine six years ago to take a pas- 
torate he found himself associated as junior pastor 
with a member of the Board of Trustees of Bowdoin 
College — the venerated Dr. FiskofBath. Mr. Ful- 
som referred in words of praise to Bowdoin's system 
of self-government, saying that he was deeply inter- 
ested in the experiment, and was looking for it to be 
adopted by other 'Sew England colleges. He said 
that when he had entered college a large portion 
of the Faculty were clergymen. It is not so now, 
and he was not sorry that it is not. He believed 
in having the various depaitments in charge of men 
who had made them a specialty. There was one 
thing in the relation between the college and the 
ministi'y which he regretted, and that was the 
diminishing number of graduates who enter the pro- 
fession of the ministry. The other professions are 
crowded — not so with the ministry. 

J. E. Moore, of the class of '65, was next 
called upon. 

He said he rejoiced exceedingly to find his Alma 
Mater in her mature years, yet growing younger. 
He remembered that when he was here there was an 
end in the college known as Sodom and one known 
as Gomorrah. He had roomed in both. He wittily 
described the two ends as they appeared in former 
days, drawing a humorous contrast between their 
appearance then and now. Continuing he said that 
the world doesn't slop for young men to graduate ; 
it moves along rapidly, paying no attention to the 
laggards save to trample them under foot, and their 
hardest battles are yet to be fought. He believed 
that the world never stopped but for one class, and 
that was for the class of '6.5. There was rebellion 
raging at that time. General Grant was passing 
down through Maine and he heard that they were 
graduating and stopped. In closing, Mr. Moore con- 
gratulated the college on its present standing, and the 
young men upon their many advantages and the en- 
couragement and support given to their athletic sports . 



Another member of the class of '65, 
Mr. J. A. Locke, was called upon. 

He said that the members of his class hadn't 
aged any. They were the same boys and young men 
that they were twenty-live years ago. Three of their 
number had passed away since last they met. They 
returned to lay the tribute of their respect and afl'ec- 
tion at the feet of their Alma Maler. They looked 
around for the familiar forms of those from whom 
they received instruction, but where were they? 
Not one left on the board of Faculty of tlie present 
day. He I'eferred feelingly to Woods and Upham, 
Packard, Smythe, and Stone. " Only one of that 
board of Faculty," said he, "is still in the State of 
Maine, to my knowledge, and he is still a young 
man, as he was then — Professor Young." [Applause.] 
The speaker recalled how, in the stirring times of 
the rebellion, they had marclied in procession to the 
depot and received General Grant, the greatest sol- 
dier that ever lived. He referred to the fact that our 
neighboring colleges are competing strongly with 
this, the standard institution of the State. It liad 
been their endeavor, he said, when a young man 
was in doubt which of two colleges to go to, to 
induce him to go to Bowdoin. If the alumni will 
only do their duty to the college, the standard of old 
Bowdoin will remain as high in the future as it has 
in the past, and she will yet send forth the brightest 
and the best college graduates of Maine. 

J. B. Cotton, also a member of the class 
of '65, was the next speaker. 

He said that he had looked forward to the twenty- 
fifth anniversary of his class for many weeks with 
delightful anticipations. His class was indeed a 
small one. They had entered just as the portentious 
clouds of war were beginning to pass over this land. 
There were many things, therefore, that prevented 
them fi'om graduating a large number, some of their 
class going to war. Others, by the kind permission of 
the Faculty, dropped out. [Laughter.] The speaker 
referred to the salutary eft'ect of athletic exercises 
upon the too exuberant spirits of youth, and intimated 
that the little hiatus, caused by the sudden departure 
of eighteen of their number, would never have oc- 
curred had tlie present beautiful gymnasium been in 
existence at that time. In referring to the much- 
disputed point of the age of Brunswick young 
ladies, he said ho had been informed that when 
the morning star-> first sang together they joined 
in the chorus. [Laughter.] It had been his 
pleasure, he said, during the last winter to join the 
Bowdoin Alumni Association of Washington. At 

their annual dinner sat the president, the learned and 
honorable Chief Justice Melville Fuller. [Applause.] 
At that annual dinner a Senator of the United States, 
who had voted for his confirmation with fear and 
trembling, said that he wished to make a confession, 
and that was that when one of the Justices of the 
Supreme Court came to him and asked him to vote 
for the confirmation of Mr. Fuller, he had said that 
when he considered the elevated position of the Chief 
Justice of the United States, and looked upon little 
Melville Fuller, he thought the chasm was so mighty 
that it would never be .spanned. " But," said Mr. 
Frye, " when I heard that oration which he delivered 
in the House of Representatives, I went to my desk 
and I there jienned to him an apology, and said to 
him that I was proud of the selection which had been 
made. [Applause.] 

On the other side of the Chief Justice sat Gen- 
eral Howard. [Applause.] But it is not alone these 
honored names that give the glory and pov^^er to the 
college. He thought the key-note had been struck 
by his venerable friend, Mr. Bradbury ; it is the hon- 
est, faithful, constant work of the average graduate, 
which, like the light of the sun shining upon the 
moon, makes this college to have power by reflected 

A. S. Alexander, of the class of '70, Dis- 
trict Attorney for the State of New York, 
was called upon, but was not present. 

Dr. D. A. Robinson, of the class of '73, 
was the next speaker. 

He said that " a wise son maketh a glad father, 
but a foolish son is the heaviness of his mother." 
He didn't wish to add any heaviness to old mother 
Bowdoin by being foolish enough to attempt a speech 
at that hour. He came back to hear and not to speak, 
and to bask once more in the benignant smile of his 
Alma Maler. As Antasus of old was said in his 
struggle to gain new strength every time he touched 
Mother Earth, so he felt that they were renewing 
their strength in the touch of their Alma Mater. He 
thought old Mother Bowdoin was in her second 
childhood because she had gone off with a very- 
young husband. [Laughter and applause.] "But 
I assure you," said he, " that she is still vigorous, 
and keeps up with the procession by bringing forth 
each year a still larger number of offspring. [Ap- 
plause.] We come here to-day to help welcome into 
our numbers this younger litter. [Laughter.] I 
should have said Lilerali. [Laughter and applause.] 
I judge by their appearance that they have not been 
bottle-bred. By their vigorous looks and actions I 
think they have been there entirely per vias nalurales. 



We welcome them into om' number, and we say to 
them that they have a high standard before them. 
Their old mother says to them, as the Spartan mother 
of old : ' Do not disgrace your name. Enter into 
the fight vigorously, and return here with your shields 
or upon them.' " [Applause.] 

President Hyde called upon E. G. Spring, 
of the class of '80, as the last speaker. 

Mr. Spring said he represented the age, ability 
and brains of a class ten years graduated. He rep- 
resented a class of which Professor Jotham Sewall 
said : "It is the most remarkable collection of poor 
scholars I ever saw." [Laughter.] To prove it, 
three-quarters of his class had gone into business. 
They had no Longfellows or Hawthornes or distin- 
guished men in any profession. Most of them were 
content with a humble life. But they were enthusi- 
astic Bowdoin graduates and worked for the college 
all they could. " We have heard a great deal of sad 
losses to the different classes before us from those 
wliose spirits were such that the Faculty couldn't 
keep them with them. Our class was very fortunate 
in that respect. We lost no more than twenty." 
[Laughter.] He agreed with all that had been said 
about the good effect of exercise on the conduct of 
the students. His class was unfortunate enough to 
be in college at the time when they had no manual 
exercises whatever. He congratulated the college 
upon their beautiful gymnasium, and said he thought 
that if they had had more regulated sports in his day, 
they would probably have had more regulated study. 

President's Reception. 
In the evening the scene was again trans- 
ferred to upper Memorial Hall, where the 
annual reception tendered by President 
Hyde to the alumni, students, and friends of 
the college was held. The guests were re- 
ceived by President and Mrs. Hyde with 
the other members of the Faculty and their 
ladies. The hall was the center of gaiety 
and good spirits. Flowers adorned the 
stage and tables, lending additional charm 
to the beauty of the scene. Ice-cream and 
cake were served during the evening, which 
fact did not serve to lessen the pleasure of 
the occasion. Our Faculty and their ladies 
are delightful entertainers, and it was a 
source of regret that the late hour at last 
brought the pleasant event to what, without 

the testimony of the time-piece, would have 
seemed an early close. 

Examination of Candidates for Ad- 
Friday and Saturday were devoted to the 
examination for admission to the college of 
the trembling sub-Freshmen. An unusually 
large number have presented themselves as 
prospective Bowdoin men, and it does not 
look now as if the Freshman class will number 
less than sixty men. It is gratifying to see 
so many bright young men turning to Bow- 
doin as their choice of an Alma Mater, and 
the Orient sincerely wishes that the com- 
ing fall may see a Freshman class entering 
Old Bowdoin that shall be a credit to itself, 
and a Tower of strength to the old college 
among the pines. 



He can give the laws ol Solon, 

He can draw the tlag of Colon, 
He can write a Babylonian I O U, 

He can make a writ in German, 

He can draft a turkisli firman, 
But the English common law he never knew. 

He can write hi.s thoughts in Spanish, 

He can make a speech in Danish, 
And recite such Sanskrit as would turn your lirain; 

The Muallakat Arabic 

He can scan in feet syllabic. 
But he couldn't tell old Shakespeare from Mark Twain. 

He can fathom all the mystery 

Of old Etliiopic history; 
He can name one thousand Norse kings — more or less; 

He can mark the Roman bound'ries. 

And describe the Aztec foundries ; 
But has never seen the " Statutes of U. S." 

He can trace the radius victor 

"With a geometric sector. 
And can give the moon's diameter in feet; 

He can analyze the arum, 

Classify the coptio carum ; 
But he cannot tell a cabbage from a beet. 

— Yankee Blade. 

The New England Magazine for June is of con- 
siderable interest to college men as it contains 



readable article on Columbia College, giving an 
account of its oi'igin and early history, and short 
sketches of some of its eminent professors and 

The last issue of the Dartmouth Lit. is up to the 
average. The short story entitled " The Punishment 
of Father Jerome " is very amusing and pretty well 
written. The department work is good, especially 
"The Chair." 

The Brunonian easily carries off the palm for 
verse in our estimation, and is evidently very highly 
thought of by the other college publications, if we 
may judge by the extensive manner in which it is 

The Colby Echo, is nothing like the college it 
represents, if not base-ball. The issue for May 31st 
is full of it from beginning to end. This is perhaps 
pai'donable under the circumstances, for just at 
present base-ball is a much more fruitful topic of 
conversation at Colby than Bowdoin. 

Saturday, June 14th, was the last of 
recitations, and the sense of general 
relief was manifested on the faces of 
nearly all the boys, which was destined 
to become permanent after the examinations were 

President Hyde conducted the last Sunday chapel 
of the term, June 15th, and gave the boys a very 
practical talk on the subject of pursuing a definite 
course of study in choosing electives, and choosing 
them with one end in view. 

Two very exciting ball games took place Monday 
of examination week, between members of the 
Junior and Sophomore classes, with a small sprink- 
ling of Seniors to add dignity to the mob. 

The Junior and Sophomore examinations pa.ssed 
off without excitement. 

The Freshman examinations finislied with less 
rejoicing than in the days when the Fresh was kept 
more in subjection. 

The Freshman had an interesting blocking con- 
test with some of the upperclassmcn at the north 

entrance to the campus. They also went to Portland 
minus their banner, which they were unwise enough 
to put on the outside of the car early in the after- 
noon, and which evaporated, whence, no man can 

The Freshman Supper was held at the Falmouth 
Hotel, in Portland, June 19th, and was reported to 
be a grand success. The new feature of Freshman 
honors was introduced, presumably borrowed from 
the custom of Junior honors, now in vogue here. 

There was much agitation in college and town, 
on Wednesday evening, the 18th, as to the result of 
the race. A crowd haunted the telegraph office all 
the evening, and at 11 p.m., when the sad news 
came, all departed and quiet reigned supreme. 

The crew arrived on the midnight, Friday. 
Quite a crowd of the boys met them, and gave them 
a warm welcome. 

Leary, ex-'91, now at West Point, is visiting the 
college. Ed looks well, and evidently military life 
agrees with him. 

Commencement week opened with good weather. 

The Junior Prize Declamation came off Monday 
evening and was a very good one. E. Hilton re- 
ceived the first prize, and Jarvis the second. 

Class Day was rather unpleasant from a meteoro- 
logical standard, but the rain held off until the exer- 
cises under the Oak were through. The Dance on 
the Green was held in upper Memorial Hall. 

The attendance of the alumni this Commencement 
was rather smaller than usual, especially among the 
more recent graduates. The classes of '40, '50, '60, 
'65, '70, '80, '87, and '89. held reunions. The Greek- 
Letter Fraternities held reunions Wednesday night, 
after the concert. In spite of the late hour the 
attendance was quite large, and all I'eported a very 
jolly reunion. 

The parade of the Knights Templar made a 
very fine display Wednesday afternoon. 

The day of the Sophomore examinations, a very 
select tramping party went up to Cathance River, 
ostensibly to fish. They reported the old cider in 
the vicinity very strong, but of poor quality. 

The Commencement Dinner this year was held 
in the Gymnasium, which was much more conven- 
ient than Memorial Hall. 

The sub-Freshmei) turned out in good numbers, 
twenty taking examinations, which makes about 
sixty who have taken examinations. 

Those who had old furniture for sale did a flour- 
ishing business to the si^eculators and those looking 
for barn-ains at second hand. 



By Saturday night the campus was quite deserted, 
and wore a homesicli, laid-up-for-repairs aspect, 
which is the unmistakable sign of summer vacation. 

Pleasant and profitable vacation to you, fellows. 
See you next fall. 

Through a misunderstanding on the part of the 
printer, notice of the prayer, Ivy-Day, was omitted 
in the last issue. The Orient desires to acknowl- 
edge its error. The Ivy Exercises were opened with 
prayer by the Chaplain, Mr. O. E. Hardy. 

In speaking of the '91 Bugle, the critic forgot to 
mention the fine press-work. The reason was, we 
suppose, that in that respect he could find nothing 
deserving criticism. The Bugle is one of the best- 
printed college annuals yet issued, and the Maine 
printer will be obliged to hustle to produce a finer 
piece of composition and press-work than the '91 
Bugle, from the office of Mitchell & Bickford, Port- 

'25. — No after-dinner 
speaker was received with 
more enthusiasm at the alumni dinner 
than Hon. James W. Bradbury, ex-United 
States Senator from Maine. He never 
allows a Commencement to pass without 
visiting his Alma Mater. 

'41. — At ten o'clock, Thursday morning, June 
12th, Judge Washington Gilbert, for more than forty 
years a prominent lawyer, died at his home in Bath, 
of nervous prostration, aged seventy-four years. 
Judge Gilbert was born in Turner, Maine, March 
14, 1816. Graduating from Bowdoin College in 
1841, he began teaching school at Biddeford. At 
this time he thought of devoting himself to the study 
of medicine, but decided to take the law, studying 
with Ebenezer Everett, of Brunswick. Having been 
admitted to the bar, he went to Bath in 1847 and re- 
sided there, with the exception of a two years' resi- 
dence in Chicago, up to the time of his death. His 
abilities as a lawyer soon won for him a large prac- 
tice, and brought him into local prominence. In 
1809 he represented Bath in the legislature. For 
eight years he was Judge of Probate for Sagadahoc 
County. He was one of the commission to revise 

the State Constitution, and was mentioned for the 
supreme bench. In 1879 he became affiliated with 
the greenbackers and was nominated for Congress 
by them. Amoag the many lawyers who have 
studied in his office is Wm. L. Putnam. For nearly 
a year the health of the judge has been poor, and a 
month ago he was obliged to take his bed. He 
leaves a widow and three children, one of them Dr. 
Charles Gilbert, of Washington. 

'44. —The class of '44, Bowdoin College, held its 
annual class dinner at the Falmouth Hotel, Portland, 
Thursday evening. These members were present : 
Geo. M. Adams, D.D., Gen. Samuel J. Anderson, 
Judge William Wirt Virgin, LL.D., Hon. Horatio 
Herrick, high sherifi" of Essex County, Mass., Hon. 
J. S. Palmer, postmaster of Portland, and Charles 
W. Larrabee. 

'80.— The class of '80, Bowdoin College, held its 
decennial reunion and supper at the Falmouth Hotel, 
Portland, Thursday evening. These members were 
present : Edwin Charles Burbank, Frederick Odell 
Conant, Walter Lee Dane, Albra Hamlin Harding, 
Albert Harmon Holmes, Alvin Dennett Holmes, 
George Shipman Payson, Walter Payson Perkins, 
Eliphalet Greeley Spring, George Leverett Weil, 
Warren Stephen Whitmore, Virgil Clifton Wilson, 
Frederick Coney, Jesse Felt Libby, William Pierce 
Martin, William Wheelwright Northend, and 
Thomas Harrison Riley. Mr. Whitmore delivered 
the oration and Mr. Holmes the poem. Mr. Conant 
was historian, and a very neat pamphlet containing 
the class histories and the heliotypes of all the mem- 
bers of the class, was laid before each one. Mr. 
Perkins officiated as toast-master. 

'84. — Aroostook County is to have a Democratic 
newspaper, the first number of which will appear in 
July. Rodney I. Thompson will be the editor, ably 
assisted by Victor Varranus. 

'87. — F. M. Fling, who has just completed a course 
at the University of Leipzig, Germany, sailed from 
Germany a week ago Sunday. He will pass the 
summer at one of the islands in Poi'tland Harbor. 

'87. — It is with pride that the Orient points to 
the record made, since leaving college, of one of our 
young Alumni, Charles H. Verrill. It will be re- 
membered that he graduated second in his class and 
received the Goodwin Commencement Prize. The 
following year he worked in an office in Boston. In 
July, 1888, he received an appointment as clerk in 
the Labor Department at Washington, at a salary of 
$1,200 per year. His work requiring his presence 
in the office only between the hours of 9 a.m. and 4 
P.M., he determined to make use of his spare time, 
and accordingly, the coming fall, he entered the 



Georgetown University Law School, from which 
he graduated last month, having completed the 
three years course in two years. One would 
hardly think that Mr. Verrill would have had much 
time to travel during this period, but last summer he 
spent six weelis abroad. 

The class of 'Ninety-one at Brown invited repre- 
sentatives fi'om nearly all the New England colleges 
to be present at their annual banquet. 

At Harvard the Sargent prize of $100 for the best 
metrical version of an ode from Horace has been 
awarded to Miss H. L. Reed of the " Annex." 

The Wellesley Prelude has been admitted to the 
New England Intercollegiate Press Association. 

At the University of Michigan they have an inter- 
fraternity ball league in successful operation. 

Amherst won the intercollegiate base-ball pennant 
this season. 

Harvard Annex or Barnard College, a co-educa- 
tional institution in connection with Harvard, has 
increased so much in attendance that the present 
buildings are about to be enlarged. It has a mem- 
liership of 250. Cronicle ! ! ! ! 

The finest college building in America is the 
Syracuse University. It was the gift of John Grouse, 
and cost .$700,000. 

Of twelve Cornell students elected to member- 
ship in Phi Beta Kappa Society, four are ladies. 

The various denominational colleges have en- 
dowments in round numbers as follows : Baptist, 
$12,000,000; Methodist, .$11,.000,000; Presbyterian, 
$9,250,000 ; Congregational, $8,000,000 ; Episcopal, 

Both Amherst and Williams have adopted the 
custom of allowing no student, unless he be a mem- 
ber of some of the college teams, to wear the college 
initial on his blazer or sweater. This is intended to 

make the honor of being one of the college athletes 
more valued. 

A new step has lately been tijken by Princeton 
and Yale. They pi'opose to erect statues to their 
venerable ex-presidents. Dr. McCosh and Dr. 

The students who use tobacco in any form are 
denied admission to the University of the Pacific at 
San Jose, Cal. 

Over 400 men have applied for admission to the 
Freshman class at Lehigh next fall. There is suf- 
ficient accommodation for only half that number. 

The Brimonian will be made a weekly next year. 


at low prices, send to 

IV. W. Ellis, Stationer, 


AirriSTic W^oHK A Specialty. 


Vol. XX. 


No. 6. 




T. S. Burr, '91, Managing Eclitor. 
A. T. Brown, '91, Business Editor. 

E. H. Newbegin, '91. 

B. D. RiDLON, '91. 

F. V. GUMMER, '92. 

C. W. Peabody, '93. 

L. A. Burleigh, '91. 
H. S. Chapman, '91. 
H. W. Jarvis, '91. 
C. S. F. Lincoln, '91 

Per annum, in advance. 
Single Copies, 

15 cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at the boolistores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Editor. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, person,als, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

In contributing to the Orient assume a nom de. plume, and 
affix it to each article contributed. Articles should be sent 
through the mail to the Managing Editor. Deposit with Mr- 
A.. W. Tolman a sealed envelope containing both your real and 
assumed name. 

Entered at the Post-Offlce at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 


Vol. XX., No. fi.- October ], 1890. 

Editorial Notes 123 

Miscellaneous : 

Making up Back Work— Criticism of the Present 

System 126 

Hats at Chapel, 127 

Rhyme and Reason: 

Libelous, 128 

Just Our Style 128 

Oh! 128 

Units of Measure 128 

Cutting 128 

Exchanges 129 

CoLLEOii Tabula, 129 

Athletics 1,31 

Personal, 133 

In Memoriam 134 

College World, 135 

opening ot the tali term marks 
the initiation into student life of one of the 
largest and strongest Freshman classes that 
has entered Bowdoin since its birth into 
the ranks of American colleges, ninety-six 
years ago. It is the pleasure of the Orient 
to greet the members of the incoming class 
and bid them welcome to the shifting pano- 
rama of college life, with its pleasant scenes 
and delightful environments with which 
they are to become so closely identified. 
The college is ready and willing to do much 
for the man, and it is but fair to ask that 
the man should do what he can to further 
and advance the interests of the college. 
At no other institution of the kind in the 
country is the student bound by so few re- 
strictions as at Bowdoin. Bowdoin does not 
dictate. She does not say, Thou shalt not 
do this or that ; but placing her sons upon 
their honor, she relies upon their sense of 
obligation for her own prosperity and wel- 
fare. Every student should make it his 
care, therefore, that no discredit be brought 
upon the college by any violation of this 
confidence which the institution reposes in 
him. Subordinate everything to the college 
interest. Class or society obligations should 
be made of secondary moment where the 
common welfare is at stake, and if every 
man will look to it that his own integrity is 



unimpaired, Bowdoin may rest assured of 
forever maintaining the same honorable 
position which she has hitherto occupied 
among the institutions of learning through- 
out the country. 

0WING to delay in issuing the Commence- 
ment Orient at the end of the spring 
term, much confusion was occasioned in 
mailing, both to regular subscribers and 
those ordering extra copies. Subscribers 
who have not yet received the Commence- 
ment number can obtain it from the business 
manager, A. T. Brown. Tlie issue of the Com- 
mencement number entailed a large expense 
upon the board, and unless the full edition 
is disposed of, the editors will necessarily 
suffer financial loss. The number is the 
largest ever issued from the Orient office, 
and as a complete record of the exercises of 
Commencement week is invaluable to stu- 
dents and alumni alike. Orders for extra 
copies will receive prompt attention, and it 
is hoped that the entire edition may be dis- 
posed of. Price per copy, twenty-five cents. 
Following is the table of contents : 
Editorial Notes. 

Miscellaneous: Freshmen Celebrate; Professor 
Charles H. Smith ; The Bowdoin-Cornell Race. 
Commencement Exercises : Baccalaureate Sermon ; 
Junior Prize Declamation. 
Class Day : 

In Memorial ; Oration ; Poem ; Under the 
Oak ; Opening Address ; Chiss History ; Class 
Prophecy ; Parting Address ; Smoking Pipe of 
Peace, Singing Class Ode, and Cheering the 
Halls; Dance on Green. 
Medical Graduation; Oration Before Medical 
Class; Meeting of Phi Beta Kappa; Meeting of 
the Board of Overseers; Address by Rev. Ruen 
Thomas ; Alumni Game ; Commencement Con- 
cert; Fraternity Reunions; Alumni Meeting; 
Commencement Exercises ; Goodwin Commence- 
ment Prize Oration ; Commencement Dinner and 
Post-Prandial Exercises ; President's Reception ; 
Examination of Candidates for Admission. 
Exchanges. Collegii Tabula. Pehsonals. Col- 
lege Would. 

IVTE PUBLISH elsewhere in this issue a 
^* communication in criticism of the 
present system of making up back work at 
the beginning of the college year. Up to 
last year no regular time had been specified 
for making up such work, and in many 
cases the Senior vacation had found stu- 
dents with unfinished work on their hands 
dating back, in some instances, to the very 
beginning of the college course. The Fac- 
ulty, perceiving the demoralizing effect of 
this state of affairs, made a provision by 
which all work must be made up before the 
beginning of the college year, and no stu- 
dent was to be allowed to go on with the 
work of his class, although he might be 
present at recitations and lectures, until 
square with the rank books in all branches- 
This system was put into practice at the 
opening of the fall term of 1889, and stu- 
dents who were absent from their classes 
making up work were allowed full attend- 
ance rank until such time as they could 
clear themselves and rejoin their classes. 
This year the same system was continued, 
but with this modification, that attendance 
rank was not allowed, and students were 
forbidden to attend recitations and lectures. 
The denial of the attendance rank was not 
made known to the college until the opening 
of the term, aiid many of the students who 
had been obliged to be absent from college 
exercises during some part of last year 
found themselves debarred from the recita- 
tion rooms, and obliged to suffer in rank 
during the week or more necessary to com- 
plete the work of making up. Now while 
the present rule, by preventing the accumti- 
Jation of a large amount of work until the 
last moment, is doubtless a great improvment 
upon the old method, yet it seems as though 
some notice should have been given the 
students in regard to the change in the sys- 
tem concerning the loss of attendance rank. 
The writer of the article in criticism of the 



method seems to think that an injustice had 
been done, and that the whole method might 
be improved by setting a stated limit for the 
making up of such work as may have been 
lost by absence from college exercises, and 
meantime allowing the student the full priv- 
ileges of recitations and lectures. At any 
rate a definite understanding should have 
existed in regard to the question of attend- 
ance rank, and it would have been better if 
the system could have been carried out as 
last year, or ample notice given the students 
of such changes as the Faculty had seen fit 
to make. 

Commeii cement Ofientft at 
Hardy & JTarvis'. 

TPHE admission of Bowdoin to the New 
■^ England Intercollegiate Foot-Ball 
League is still too problematical for discus- 
sion, but whether or not our application is 
favorably considered, the eleven is an 
assured thing, and Bowdoin will be credit- 
ably represented on the foot-ball field this 
fall. But foot-ball cannot be supported 
without a generous subscription from the 
student body, especially where a Massa- 
chusetts trip is to be taken. Other smaller 
New England colleges will not attempt to 
put a team into the field without from $800 
to -f 1,200, and where Bowdoin is so much 
further from the centre of foot-ball interest 
than the majority of her contemporaries, it 
does not seem as though we can carry the 
sport through without a more liberal sup- 
port than the subscription book yet shows. 
Pull the purse strings as much as possible, 
boys, and don't be behind the procession 
when the band plays. 

IF THE interest in athletics which mani- 
fested itself so forcibly at Bowdoin last 
summer is to be maintained, the students 
must put their shoulders to the athletic 

wheel with a little more vigor than they 
have as yet exhibited. At the meeting of 
the Foot-Ball Association, recently, the attend- 
ance was not, to say the least, encouraging. 
Out of nearly two hundred students now 
enrolled at Bowdoin, only one-fourth of that 
number were present at the meeting. Due 
notice of the meeting was posted on the 
bulletin board, and the chapel bell was 
rung at the appointed hour. It is not every- 
body who can afford to subscribe liberally 
to the support of athletics, but everybody 
can at least turn out to the association 
meetings and contribute to the enthusiasm, 
if not to the capital. 

TITHE scheme suggested in the last Orient 
-*■ of playing off the Sophomore-Freshman 
games according to the rules of the sports, 
some time during the fall term, seems to meet 
with universal approval, but as yet no defi- 
nite steps have been taken. The fall games, 
as they have existed for years, need not be 
given up, but if regular elevens and regular 
tug-o'-war teams could be organized and try 
conclusions some time before Thanksgiving, 
it seems as though more interest in the 
college sports would be developed and more 
good material brought into training. The 
Sophomores and Freshmen would do well to 
think this matter over and decide whether 
or not '93 and '94 shall be the ones to 
initiate the new move. 

'91 Bugles Now on Sale. 

lyTE MAIL this number of the Orient to' 
** every member of the Freshman class. 
The Orient is by no means the least import- 
ant of college enterprises, and it is expected 
that every student will contribute to its sup- 
port by placing his name upon the subscrip- 
tion list. The paper will be sent during the 
college year unless notice to discontinue is 



WE WISH to call the attention of our 
advertisers and subscribers to the fact 
that all subscriptions and advertisements 
will be continued until notice to the con- 
trary is given to the Editorial Board. All 
communications of a business nature should 
be addressed to the business editor, Mr. A. 
T. Brown. Advertising space can now be 
secured on application. 

Order Your Commencement Orients. 
Price, 25 Cents. 

TT7HE list of contributors to the Orient, 
-*■ outside of the editorial staff, is lament- 
ably small. The only road to a position. on 
the board is through contribution, and now 
is the time when your article counts the 
most. In the winter term the office is 
flooded with matter, and many articles of 
real merit are necessarily crowded out. 
Freshmen, remember that members of your 
class are eligible to positions on the board, 
and that those who write for the Orient 
secure the empty berths. Contributions 
should be sent through the mail to the 
Managing Editor, Box 85. Sign your nom 
de plume to the article, and deposit an envel- 
ope, containing both your real and assumed 
name, with Mr. A. W. Tolman. By em- 
ploying this method the real name of the 
contributor is unknown, and greater fairness 
is insured in election to the board. 

"OVER since the formal burial of "Phi Chi," 
^^ as celebrated by the agreement entered 
into between '92 and '93 last year, the 
monster has seemed to turn over in his 
grave once or twiccf as if the spark of life 
were not quite extinct. It remains for the 
present Sophomore class to deal the death- 
blow and put an eternal quietus on hazing 
at Bowdoin. President Hyde explained the 
case clearly and concisely a few mornings 

ago when, in his chapel address, he made 
the statement that hazing had cost Bowdoin 
hundreds of students and thousands of dol- 
lars. There is nothing which deals a college 
so severe a blow as a public scandal, and 
such a scandal is the almost inevitable out- 
come of the practice of hazing. The barbar- 
ous custom may now be said to be a dead 
letter at Bowdoin, and it remains with the 
lower classes to see that the grave of " Phi 
Chi " is not desecrated. 

Making up Back Work. 

Criticism of the Present System. 

TTfHERE is probably not a student in the 
^ college who has not the greatest love and 
admiration for his chosen institution and 
who does not take the greatest j^leasure in 
telling to his friends and relatives the ad- 
vantages Bowdoin has over many other 
colleges. One of the greatest of these ad- 
vantagesis, or has been, the chance afforded 
those with scanty means, as well as those 
with an abundant supply of the all-powerful 
dollar, to obtain an education. Yet this 
chance is now becoming little more J/han 
mythical and will certainly before long be 
classed as but a memory of the past. Last 
year a new rule in regard to back work 
was suddenly and without the slightest 
warning thrust upon us. Enough has been 
said in regard to this to show its utter in- 
justice to all, and yet it is not repealed. 
Last fall a student having back work to 
make up was, in view of the suddenness in 
which the unjust blow fell upon him, allowed 
his attendance rank. At the Faculty meet- 
ing in June last it was voted not even to 
allow him that another year. Yet no official 
notice was given of this added injustice. To 
be sure, some of us have reason to thank 



one or two members of the Faculty for 
kindly writing and informing us of the fact, 
while others are as 3'et entirely ignorant of 
this added injustice, for such it surelj'' is. 
The mere matter of rank is verj'' slight to the 
individual, but when the term report finds 
its way to the home and to the parents who 
have visions of a brilliant future for their 
son, it brings disappointment and heartache 
as it carries the sad news that the son in 
whom their brighest hopes are centered is 
evidently not doing his best M'ork. 

In another way it is a decided injustice. 
A student is obliged to leave college in the 
spring term, work all summer, and often 
leave his work to catch the train that is to 
bring him back to another 3'ear of his hard 
struggle for an education. As if his troubles 
were not already enough, he is obliged to 
buckle down to hard work and make up all 
arrears before he can go on with his class. 
Here another dead horse appears in his way 
and again it is eveiiasting drudgery for a 
while longer. When finally he is on his feet 
again, the necessity is before him to find 
some way to replenish his purse, and then 
the hard struggle begins again. Is not the 
life of the poor student hard enough as it 
is, without the imposition of any additional 
burdens? Bowdoin is undoubtedly the col- 
lege for all, but in this respect it is the place 
for none except those who have parents be- 
hind them to assist them through the course. 
In other colleges we find rules in regard to 
this matter which are far more satisfactory 
than this one ever can be. The best possible 
rule, it seems, would be to allow a certain 
amount of time, equal to all, in which all 
arrears should be cleared. This is the only 
fair and square method. By this means all 
would have equal advantages, whether their 
work came the first or the last of tlie college 
year. Let justice rule. 

"The pure and impartial administration 
of justice is perhaps the firmest bond to 

secure a cheerful submission of the people, 
and to engage their affections to govern- 

Commencement Orients at 
Hardy & Jarvis'. 

Hats at Chapel. 

TyjTOULD it not be well for us all to observe 
** a little more carefully the custom of 
removing the hat at chapel, by uncovering 
the head before passing the inner doors ? To 
walk a few steps up the main aisle with the 
hat on does not seem just in harmony with 
the place or exercises. Certainly no one 
would do it if he thought Longfellow or 
Hawthorne might be upon the platform 
within. From observation it can be said 
that very many of us are frequently guilty 
in this little particular of deportment. 

If there is any time where one feels that 
he belongs to the college and that its strong 
arms are about him, aiding aod directing 
him, it is when he is inclosed by the massive 
granite walls of the chapel. We have, in 
the associations and beauty of our chapel, as 
much to inspire feelings of reverence as 
Tom Brown had at Rugby, and every act 
that may tend to lessen these sentiments 
could well be omitted. The coming in of 
the Faculty and students at chapel will 
doubtless form one of the pleasantest and 
most vivid remembrances of college days, 
and it would do no harm to observe it in that 
manner which will make it most delightful to 
recall when the hair is bleached and the eye 
is dimmed. 

The Minnesota State University is endeavoring to 
establish its ownership to a seventy pound aerolite 
which recently fell near Forest City, la. The aero- 
lite is claimed by the owner of the land on which it 
fell, and by the university, which purchased it of the 
tenant. An interesting legal question is involved. 
The university was defeated in its replevin suit to 
recover the property, but has appealed. 



Ri^yme and Reason. 


The oklen-tinie girl when she'd promised her own, 
For constancy couldn't be beaten ; 
If the modern young lady were placed all alone 
With a cannibal eager to pick such a bone. 
She'd flii't with him ere she was eaten. 

The olden-time Christians were humble in prayer 
When in worship their voice was uplifted; 
The good modern Christian would certainly wear 
His sackcloth and ashes with penitent air. 
But the ashes would have to be sifted. 

There's many a coat 
In the fashion plate — 

The spring coat and ulster we see ; 
They're all very well. 
Perhaps, in their way, 

But none of them pleases me. 

. The fashions may come 
And the fashions may go, 

And they all may change in a week. 
But the nattiest coat 
Is the coat of tan 

That rests on tlie pretty girl's cheek. 


Merry eyes. 
Waving hair, 

Passing by. 
Pert and fair. 

Natty suit. 

White and blue. 
Flying skirt, 

Dainty shoe. 

Roguish glance. 
Careless smile, 

Just the look 
To beguile. 

Season past 

Often kis.sed her- 
" Sweetheart she ? 

No, my sister." 


If intellects, like ribbons gay 

Of Boston maidens sweet. 

Were measured off in common way 

'Twould surely cause the wags to say 

(Although the theme is old and tough). 

The only standard large enough 

Would be Chicago feet. 

If would-be sports come back some day 
With fish, it's very odd 
How quickly all the wags will say 
(How much on words they like to play). 
That purchased fish are very good. 
And that their stories really should 
Be measured by the rod. 

If butchers in some striking way 
Should pi'ove to be good eaters, 
'Twould make the funny writers say 
(A joke unknown e'en to this day), 
That their enormous appetite 
Would be, if viewed in butchers' light, 
Best measured off in meaters. 

If intervals in time of day 

Were measured ofi' in space. 

The ways would make the husband sav. 

When from his bride he went away. 

And when she asked in tender tones : 

"How long away, darling Jones?" 

" Oh ! not fu7--long, dear Grace." 


" Who is the best man 

On the staff?" 
Asked a maiden 

Shy and sweet. 
As she glanced adown 

The columns of 
The weekly college sheet. 

The editor smiled 

And winked his eye 

At the fairy 

Maid demure : 

" The best man on 
The paper ? Why, 

The scissors, to be sure." 




The few issues of our contenipoi-ai'ies that have 
appeared as yet this fall seem like oases in the desert 
of "Commencement Number," out of whose same- 
ness it is almost impossible to evolve anything 
interesting in the shape of a review, and conse- 
quently are most gladly welcomed. 

First at hand is No. 1, Vol. I., of the Writ, which 
makes its bow from Iowa College as the successor of 
our old acquaintances, the Fulse and News-Letter, 
which we understand from the opening editorial are 
not dead, but have experienced a sort of metempsy- 
chosis, and their souls go marching on under the 
guise of the Writ. Surely the editors have every 
reason to be congratulated on the success of their 
first issue. The plain white cover with its simple 
lettering is all that could be desired, and the inside 
gives evidence that it will be kept up to the standard 
of its predecessors. 

The Dartmouth for September 19th has abandoned 
the symbolical green lettering on its cover and ap- 
pears in sober black. It contains some remarkably 
good editorials on the foot-ball situation at Hanover 
which would be to a great extent applicable here at 
Bowdoin, and are well worth reading by anybody. 

The Wellesley Prelude is always welcome, and the 
last issue is no exception. It is breezy throughout 
and contains a good deal of interesting matter, an 
especially amusing article being a boarding-house 
character study entitled " At Breakfast." 

College re-opened September 16th 
with about 150 in attendance, while 
more come in each day. The Fresh- 
man monitor's list records sixty names, 
though but 52 men occupied the first forms at the 
opening exercises. 

Mace, of Bates, has joined '92, and Newbert, from 
the Bangor Theological Seminary, is taking a special 
course in Senior studies. 

Shea, formerly of '92, has re-entered college in 
the class of '93. 

Riley, '91, is second assistant in Chemistry this 

President Eliot, of Harvard, was in Brunswick 
one day last week. 

Bishop's Comedians presented " Muggs' Landing " 
at the Town Hall, September 24th. 

Commencement Orients at 
Hardy & Jarvis'. 

Mr. Stockbridge, the tenor and musical instructor, 
is to give instruction to the chapel choir this year. 

Members of the Freshman class can obtain copies 
of the last Bugle, the college annual, at Hardy & 
Jarvis', 17 M. H. 

" A Social Session," with its Black Hussar Band, 
played in the Town Hall, September 17th. The bad 
weather prevented a large attendance. 

Mr. Wathen, a graduate of the Bangor Seminary, 
enters Bowdoin this fall, and will finish the course 
with '92. 

Stanley, '93, has left college and entered Dart- 
mouth, and Cummings, of the same class, has left 
for Amherst. 

Professor Little and Miss Lane attended a con- 
vention of librarians at Fabyan's, N. H., early in 

Is the debating society of last winter to be re- 
organized this winter, and if so, who are the ones 
to take the initiative? 

M. Packard, '66, J. Torrey, '84, Crowley, '83, 
Dearth and Merrill, '87, and Pendleton, Tolman, and 
Wingate, '90, were on the campus last week. 

Order Your Commencement Orients. 
Price, 25 Cents. 

The Orient has received the wedding cards of 
Dr. H. E. Snow (Bowdoin, '81) and Miss Delia M. 
Ralph, married at Fresno, Cal., July 2d. 

At the request of President Hyde, the Freshmen 
now remain seated during singing, in chapel, and 
the last relic of the old regime disappears. 

An Organ Recital was given Monday evening, 
September loth, in the Congregationalist church, by 
Professor M. C. Baldwin, of New York. 

Professor Smith left last week for his new po- 
sition at Tale. The good wishes of all the students 
follow him in his new field. He and his family will 
spend their summer vacations at Brunswick. 



Professor Pease returned last week from Ger- 
many, where he has spent the vacation. His wife 
and son will remain abi'oad until another summer. 
Extra copies of the Commenoeraent Orient, con- 
taining full accounts of all the Commencement ex- 
ercises, can be obtained of Brown, '91, the Business 

A new chapel bell has been placed in position 
during the vacation, the mounting of the old bell 
having been broken. The now brass gives a louder 
and clearer tone. 

Professor Johnson and Professor and Mrs. Little 
returned from their European trips before the open- 
ing of the term, having enjoyed a pleasant summer's 
sojourn on tlie continent. 

Now is the time for all members of '94 to pay a 
two-dollar bill to Mr. A. T. Brown, and receive 
Vol. XX. of the BovTDOiN Orient in exchange for 
well-expended scrip. 

Mr. Carvill, the assistant treasurer of the college, 
is very seriously ill, and has been for some time. 
In his absence the Treasurer's office is presided over 
by Mr. 1. P. Booker of Brunswick. 

Mr. Geo. T. Files, '89, has this year entered upon 
his duties as Instructor in Languages. We cannot 
have too many Bovvdoin men on the Faculty, and 
cordially wish Mr. Files success. 

Making up gym work is the latest grind. Several 
of the students were obliged to cultivate their muscle 
by a course of gymnastic reading before beginning 
work with their classes this term. 

'94 had its pea-nut drunk Thursday night. About 
an hour after the close of the horn concert a yell was 
heard from the chapel, and the shells and jugs dis- 
covered upon the steps. 

Students will be glad to hear that "Triangle" 
will not go to New Haven, but will be kept in 
charge of his driver here, and will in all probability 
appear as usual at the Topsham Fair. 

Mr. Tenncy who, as a special student, rowed on 
the 'Varsity four at Lake George in 1886, was mar- 
ried to Miss May Talbot, in the Congregational 
church, September 24th. 

Towards the close of the term a time-limit will 
be set, after which no themes will be I'eceived, ex- 
cept in case of writers specially excused for good 

Dr. R. W. Wood, of Jamaica Plain, Mass., a 
graduate of the Medical School, class of 1832, has 
presented the library with .f 1,000. Dr. Wood was a 
resident of Honolulu for some years, both as phy- 
sician and sugar planter. 

Burr and Burleigh, '91, have been engaged in 
editing the Old Orchard Sea Shell this summer, 
while Keniston, '92, has been reporter, assistant 
editor, and printer's devil on the Squirrel Island 

The Senior class also suffers another loss this 
year. Thompson's eye, which was struck by a tennis 
ball last spring, is so badly injured that the oculist 
will not allow him to pursue his studies. He hopes 
to be able to return next fall. 

Bowdoin boys were delighted to see that our col- 
lege tennis champion, Mr. P. W. Brooks, won 
the championship of Maine at Portland, recently. 
Bangs and Hunt, '91, won the doubles in the East- 
ern Maine tournament at Bangor. 

Greatly to the regret of his classmates, Field, '91, 
will not return tliis year. He has been offered a 
clerkship in the census office with $1,000 salary, and 
as he intends to study medicine in his leisure time, 
it is probable that he will not return next year. 

The annual reception tendered to the Freshmen 
by the Y. M. C. A., occurred Thursday evening, 
September 19th. Remarks were made by President 
Hyde and Professors Robinson and Woodruff, and a 
collation of fruit enjoyed. 

A new chair may be seen in the librai'y near the 
recording desk, which will repay examination. It 
hinges at the front of the seat, and turns over to rest 
upon the ends of the back, and discloses a neat step- 
ladder of four steps which is of great convenience in 
reaching books on upper shelves. 

'91 Bugles Now on Sale. 

The Sargent prize for the most perfectly devel- 
oped college man, measured by the Sargent standard, 
has been awarded to Jackson, '91. His line, as 
plotted on the chart, is remarkably regular, keeping 
entirely within a space of 15 per cent. Jackson's 
portion of the purse offered is $100. 

The assurance with which a certain member of 
the Senior class answered to the name of a class- 
mate, and then on that classmate's name being called 
for recitation, got up and took a ten-strike for his 
friend's benefit, was the wonder and admiration of 
the Political Science division recently. 

The proof-reading of the Commencement num- 
ber was necessarily hastily done, and a ridiculous 
blunder, which also appeared in several of the daily 
papei's, in tlie account of the meeting of the boards, 
escaped uncorrected. Professor Wells was referred 
to as Professor D. Collins, of Wells. We trust the 
error is excusable. 



We have received from D. C. Heath, Boston, 
" Abeille," by Anatole, France, edited by C. P. 
Lebou, of the English High School. The book, in- 
tended for use as a text-book, is very neatly gotten 
up, and the notes, while not too numerous, seem to 
give assistance in places where it is of most assist- 
ance and benefit. 

The new observatory is well under way, the 
foundation being already completed. The building 
will be some eighty feet long, and a circular dome 
about twenty-five feet in diameter, with a four-foot 
aperture will be built, while a lecture-room and 
rooms for apparatus will be placed in the rear. The 
building will be of brick. 

The first themes of the term are due October 8th. 
The following are the subjects: Juniors — "Are we 
Admitting States too Fast ? " " What^will be Taught 
in the Ideal College of the Future?" "An After- 
noon in the Library." Sophomores — " Should any 
Change be Made in the Opening Sports of the Fall 
Term?" A View of the River from the Topsham 
Bridge. Sir Walter Scott's " Lady of the Lake." 

Thursday night witnessed the annual horn concert 
of the Sophomore class. It was rendered under 
more than usual difficulties, as the upperclassmen 
made several interesting experiments in dropping 
eggs and compounding omelets, to the discomfort 
of the Sophs. On the whole, however, the concert 
was a success. One member of '93 was twice kid- 
napped and run into the woods, once being rescued 
and once being left bound to a tree. 

President Hyde, in his address in chapel on the 
first day of the term, congratulated the students on 
the favorable prospects for the year, and expressed 
the hope that the quiet condition of aft'airs which 
distinguished last year would continue during the 
year to come. He also recommended tlie postpone- 
ment of the Sophomore-Freshman contests until 
a month after the opening of the term. 

The foot-ball game, Friday, was one of the 
most stubbornly contested games ever seen on the 
campus. The upperclassmen took less part in the 
contest than usual, and the Freshman victory was 
consequently well earned. The Sophomores claimed 
a foul at the finish, and a draw was decided, but it 
was a substantial victory for '94. The rope-pull 
was also won by the Freshmen, or rather by the men 
on the Freshman end of the rope, as nearly the whole 
college was pulling at the finish. The ball game 
was more exciting and scientific than usual. After 
the customary amount of chinning from Sophs, upper- 
classmen, and yaggers. the Sophomores won by the 
score of 11 to 9. 

Among the two or three hundred books which 
have been added to the library this vacation may be 
mentioned: Elizabeth S.Phelps and H. D. Ward's 
" Master of the Magicians "; C. M. Depew's " After- 
Dinner Speeches " ; Georg Ebers' " Joshua"; "Lux 
Mundi"; "The Corate de Paris"; " History of the 
Civil War" (i vols.); Arlo Bates' "Albrecht"; 
Edwin Arnold's "Poetical Works"; "Proceedings 
of the Royal Society " (in 45 vols.) ; A. H. Stephens' 
" Constitutional View of the Civil War"; "Life of 
Lady Arabella Stuart"; Stanley's "In Darkest Af- 
rica"; and a complete bound file of the Fortnightly 

The following list of the class of '94, in which the 
men pledged to the various fraternities at the present 
time are indicated, and also those rooming in the 
buildings, is given for the interest of the friends of 
the college. For lack of information the rooms of 
those off the campus are not given : 
Class of 1894. 

Allen, Z. *., 22 M. H. ; Anderson, 15 W. H. ; An- 
drews, *. T., 11 M. H. ; Axtell; Bagley, Z.*. ; Bax- 
ter, A. K. E., 16 A. H. ; Bliss, A. K. E., Mrs. 
Ridlon's; Briggs, A. A. *., 18 W. H. ; Bryant 
Buck, HI M. H. ; Burnham, 9. A. X., 32 M. H. 
Butler, ir. T. ; Chapman, A., 9. A. X., 18 A. H. 
Chapman, T. C, A. A. $. ; Currier, A. A. *., 32 
W. H.; Dana, A. K. E., 10 A. H. ; Farrington, 
Z. <Sr., 15 W. H.; Flagg, 13 M. H. ; Flood; Glover, 
Z. ^., 10 M. H. ; Haskell ; Hill, e. A. X., 22 A. H. ; 
Hinkley, A. K. E., 16 A. H. ; Horsraan, Z.-f. ; Ingra- 
hani, •i'. T., 21 W. H. ; Knight, 9. A. X., 24 M. H. ; 
Leighton, e. A. X., 16 M. H. ; Levensaler, t. T., 10 
M. H. ; Libby, A. A. *., 32 W. H. ; Littlefield; Lom- 
bard; Lord, A. K. E. ; Merrill; Michels ; Nichols, 
9. A. X.; Pickard, 16 M. H. ; Plaisted, A. K. E.,. 
7 A. H. ; Ross, 21 W. H. ; Simpson, z. ir., 31 M. H. ; 
Spear, *. T., 25 W. H. ; Spinney; Stevens, 9. A. X., 
26 A. H. ; Stuart; Sykes ; Thomas, E., A. K. B., 31 
A. H. ; Thomas, W. W., A. K. E., 31 A. H. ; Thomp- 
son, *. T., 3 W. H. ; Wilbur, Z. *., 25 M. H. 

The annual foot-ball rush occurred as usual on 
Friday morning, and was of short duration, lasting 
only fifteen minutes. Considerable fun, a little 
sprinting, and a good deal of hard work, however, 
were crowded into those nine hundred seconds. 
The skirmish began in front of the chapel. The 
crowd surged round toward South Maine, after- 



wards reached the site of the observatory, and Anally 
came over to North Appleton. Seniors and Juniors 
occasionally mingled in the fray, and at times some 
belated Freshman was borne into the turbulent 
throng, against his will, of course. Shrewd manoeu- 
vreing on the part of Carlton enabled him to elude 
the crowd, and he succeeded in gaining his room in 
South Appleton with the coveted trophy under his 


About three o'clocli, Friday afternoon, a troop of 
Indians, negroes, highwaymen, and other lawless 
characters, made their way on to the afternoon's 
ai'ena with a more or less powerful and perhaps a 
less harmonious rendition of the grand old song. 
This was the class of '92, but recently become Sophs, 
with blood in their eyes, blood on their trousers, soot 
on their " physogs," and various other artistic embel- 
lishments calculated to inspire terror in the heart of 
any guileless youth who had had the temerity to for- 
sake pa and ma and come to Bowdoin College. 

The Freshmen managed to conceal their alarm 
pretty well, however, and quite a lively little skir- 
mish ensued when the Sophs attempted to raise them 
from their reclining posture. The battle was waged 
until 6.20 o'clock, and was one of the best contests 
that has occurred for several years. The game at 
first went against the Freshmen, but later on they 
took courage and gained steadily on their opponents. 
The Sophomores, however, pluckily held their own, 
although outnumbered l3y the Freshmen, and at 
times did telling work. 

When the upperclassmen had had an hour and a 
half of fun, the field was cleared, and the classes left 
to fight it out to the finish. At length the ball was 
within a few yards of tlie hedge. At this point an 
outsider fouled the ball. The Freshmen paid no 
attention to the referee's claim of " foul," and a well- 
directed kick sent the ball through the hedge. The 
'94 men seized the ball and carried it from the field 
with much jubilation. There was very little doubt 
in the minds of the crowd that '94 would have won 
the game had they remained, but after a half hour's 
consultation of referee and judges, the game was de- 
cided a draw. Roj' Bartlett and Downes, both of 
'92, acted as judges, the former for the Sophomores, 
the latter for the Freshmen. Jackson, '91, was 


The Theta Delta Chis are mourning the loss of 
two of their courts, which had to be sacrificed to the 
site for our new observatory. 

Brooks, '90, holds the State championship in 
singles, lie having defeated all opponents at the 

Portland tournament. The Orient extends con- 
gratulations, Percy. 

Dana, '94, and Woodman, of Portland, won the 
State championship in doubles at Portland, this 
summer. They also held the championship for the 
season of 1889. 

Bangs and Hunt, '91, captured the doubles at the 
Eastern Maine Tournament at Bangor, this fall. 
Bangs also succeeded in winning the mixed doubles 
at the same tournament with the aid of a fair partner. 


At a foot-ball meeting, held in lower Memorial, 
Wednesday afternoon, $250 were subscribed by 
members of the college towards defraying the ex- 
penses of the team for the present season. There 
was a small attendance at the meeting, and doubtless 
the subscription paper will be swelled considerably 
when a thorough canvass of the college has been 

The old members of the eleven and a large 
number of candidates practice every afternoon on 
the campus, under the eye of Captain Hilton. 

Bangs, of the Foot-Ball Association, visited Am- 
herst and other colleges last week on business con- 
nected with Bowdoin's application for admission to 
the League. 

A rather small and irregular attendance, both of 
candidates and of old players, characterizes the after- 
noon practice in foot-ball. Then, too, there is not 
manifested that life and energy in practice which is 
so necessary for obtaining the best results. There 
is one ponderous fact which, divested of all the 
imagery of poetry, is as follows : No one is abso- 
lutely sure of getting on the eleven. When Bow- 
doin's representatives are selected, they will be the 
men who have done the best work in practice, irre- 
spective of societ}', class, or former connection with 
the eleven. So don't delude yourself with the idea 
that your services are indispensable. We hope and 
believe that any one bright enough to play foot-ball 
is bright enough to grasp the import of this deli- 
cately proffered hint. Be out on time every after- 
noon, and take that bushel right off your light, in 
order that your brightly shining or feebly glimmer- 
ing abilities may be duly appreciated, and perchance 
insure you a place in Captain Hilton's constellation. 


Saturday afternoon the first week's sports were 
terminated by an excellent ball game on the delta 
between the Sophomores and Freshmen. It was a 
very even contest, and not a Sophomore breathed 
safely till the last son of '94 had been retired in the 



last inning. The Freshmen played a steady game, 
most obstinately refusing to become rattled by the 
fantastically-garbed and loud-mouthed representatives 
of '93. Both batteries acquitted themselves very 
creditably, Plaisted's "south-paw" delivery, com- 
bined with his perfect coolness, rendering him very 
effective. For the Sophomores, the battery work of 
Spring and Hutchinson, and the hitter's batting, were 
the features. Allen caught a good game for the 
Freshmen. Hinckley's second-base playing was of 
the first order, and Farrington proved himself a 
reliable man in the field. Downes, of '92, umpired 
the game in a manner perfectly satisfactory to both 
sides. There is excellent material for the 'Varsity 
team in '9i, which will doubtless be developed later 
on. The score : 


A.B. R. iB. S.H. P.O. A. E. 

Hutchinson, c 5 1 3 14 4 

Spring, p 5 1 20 1 

Savage, s.s., 5 1 2 2 1 

Carleton, 3b., .... 5 1 1 

Ridley, c.f 4 1 1 1 

Pierce, lb., 4 1 1 S 1 

Jones, r.f 5 2 2 

Buoknam, l.f 3 2 1 

Whitcomb, 2b., .... 2 2 1 2 2 2 



1 1 



2 1 



13 1 



1 1 




Totals, 38 11 10 1 27 28 5 


A.B. R. iB. S.H. P.O 

Dana, 3b., 3 2 

Hinckley, 2b., .... 5 2 

Plaisted, p., 5 1 

Allen, c. 4 1 

Chapman, lb., .... 5 1 

Nichols, c.f. 5 

Stevens, r.l 5 1 1 

Farrington, l.f. 5 1 1 2 

Horsman, s.s 4 1 2 

Totals 41 9 10 2 24 19 6 

Innings, ...12345678 9 
'Ninety-Three, ..23104001 x— 11 
'Ninety-Four, ..222002010—9 
At a meeting of the Base-Ball Association, on 
Saturday afternoon, September 27th, the following 
officers wei'e elected : President, Erskine, '91 : Vice- 
President, Lazelle, '92 ; Secretary and Treasurer, 
Baldwin, '93 ; First Director and Manager, Drew, 
'91; Other Directors, Chapman, E. Hilton, '91, 
Guerney, Pugsley, '92, Bucknam, '98. 

President W. A. Quayle, of Baker University, 
Baldwin, Kansas, is said to be the youngest college 
president in the world. He was graduated five 
years ago, and is only twenty-five years of age. 

'32. — Edward Payson, a 
prominent writer of Maine, 
at Deeriug, July 23, 1890. He 
was born in Portland, September, 1813, 
and was the son of the eminent Dr. Edward 
Payson. In 1832 he graduated at Bowdoin 
and went South, where he remained thirteen 
yeaiis. At one time he was a professor in Oak- 
land College, Mississippi, and then practiced 
law at Port Gibson in the same State. On his re- 
turn to the North he resided in Portland for about 
one year, after which he bought his estate in Deering, 
where he lived up to the time of his death. During 
the years 1864 and 1865 Mr. Payson was a member 
of the Legislature. Among the literary productions 
of Mr. Payson are: "Dr. Tom,". a novel; "Law 
of Equivalents," a work of a philosophical character; 
" Maine Law in the Balance," a pamphlet written 
some years ago on the prohibition question, and 
" On the Verge," a serial story. 

'34. — Hon. John C. Dodge died at his home in 
Cambridge, Mass., July 17th. He was born in New- 
castle, Me., November,181(>, and graduated fromBow- 
doin College in 1834. In 1842 he opened an office in 
Boston, and making maritime law his specialty, rose 
to high rank in his profession. He was one of the 
founders of the Union Club, and he was several 
times called to public ofiice by his fellow-citizens, 
who esteemed most highly his ability and integrity. 
He represented Cambridge in the Massachusetts 
House of Representatives and the district in the 
State Senate. For several years he was one of the 
Overseers of the College and was also President of 
the Board. In the year 1875, Bowdoin conferred on 
him the title of LL.D. 

'74. — E. S. Hobbs is superintendent of the Aurora 
Cotton Mills, Aurora, 111. 

'75. — Wilson Nevins is teacher of English in the 
high school at Salem, Mass. 

'78. — D. H. Felch is in the law and real estate 
business, located at Cheney, Wash. 

'79. — F. M. Byron has been a railroad man ever 
since leaving college. He is the Chicago City 
Passenger and Ticket Agent of the Lake Shore & 
Michigan Southern Railroad Co. His ofiice is at 
66 Clark Street. 



'80. — A. M. Edwards was elected one of the vice- 
presidents for tlie State of Maine, of the American 
Institute of Instruction, at the last session. 

'80-83.— Frank Winter, '80, and W. C. Winter, 
'83, are members of the law firm of Winter, Esch & 
Winter, having offices in the McMillan Building, 
corner Main and Fourth Streets and at 729 Rose 
Street, Lacrosse, Wis. 

'85. — Howard L. Lunt is the principal of the 
Howard Military Academy, curiier of Sixth and 
Hill Streets, Los Angeles, Oal. 

'88. — E. S. Bartlett has been appointed a clerk in 
the census bureau. 

'89. — W. M. Emery, who for the past year has 
been connected with the Providence Evening Tele- 
gram, as city editor, has accepted a similar position 
on the New Bedford Journal, a new paper just 
beginning publication. Mr. Emery has made rapid 
strides in the journalistic field since leaving Bowdoin, 
as the position now tendered him testifies. His many 
friends on the staff of the Telegram united in pre- 
senting him two beautiful little souvenirs, a pair of 
opera glasses and a beautiful ink-stand, on the occa- 
sion of his departure from Providence. Mr. Emery's 
brilliant articles contributed to the Orient, both 
before and during his connection with the paper, will 
be remembered by those who were in college with 

Order Your Commencement Orients. 
Price, 23 Cents. 

'90. — Chandler is principal of the high school at 
Franklin, Mass. There were between forty and fifty 
applicants for the place, but the school board evi- 
dently knew a good man when they saw him, and 
the genial ex-managing editor obtained the coveted 

'90. — Spillane is teaching in Dresden. 

'90. ^Hastings is principal of the high school in 
Cherry field. 

'90. — O. W. Turner has entered the office of Dr. 
Crocker of Augusta. He will enter the Maine Med- 
ical School this winter. 

'90. — Weeks is principal of the Wilmington High 

'90. — Ridley is a clerk in the census department 
at Washington. 

'90. — Thompson is teaching at Hardwick, Mass. 

'90. — Dunn is preparing to enter the Harvard 
Medical School. 

'90. — Conant is principal of the Hanover (Conn.) 
High School. 

'90. — Pendleton is looking after Horace Partridge's 
tennis and gymnasium goods department. 

'90. — Moody has charge of the Oakland High 
School. Freeman is assistant in the Hyde Park 
High School. 

'90. — Greeley has a responsible position in Ginn 
& Co.'s office, 7 Tremont Place, Boston. 

Ex-"90. — It was with feelings of most profound 
sorrow that Bowdoin men learned of the death of 
Frank M. Gates in the Soudan. In the two years 
that he was at Bowdoin Mr. Gates won hosts of 
friends. He was the embodiment of all that is 
manly and noble, and the longer one knew him the 
more thoroughly he was respected. Gates left 
college during the winter term of Sophomore year 
to take charge of the Lewiston Y. M. C. A. Gym- 
nasium. He met with such marked success at Lew- 
iston that he was offered and accepted a similar 
position in Topeka. It was here that Mr. Gates felt a 
call to go to Africa as a missionary. To remain in 
this country meant a i-espected and honored life ; to 
go to Africa meant extreme hardships, privations, 
and probably an early death. Notwithstanding these 
things he obeyed what he believed was a call from 
God, and last spring left America for Africa. In 
less than one month after beginning his labors he 
was stricken down with fever and died in a few days. 
Whatever we may think of his leaving this country, 
no one of us can help having a profound admiration 
for his fidelity to duty and his noble. Christian life. 


Hall of a. a. *., f 

September 19, 1890. S 
Whei-eas, It has been the will of our Heavenly 
Father to call unto Himself our beloved brother, 
Frank M. Gates, of the class of '90, a faithful mem- 
ber of our Fraternity ; 

Resolved, That we, the members of A. A. <i>., 
while humbly bowing to the will of God, do deeply 
regret that death should so soon remove him from us 
and from his useful and self-sacrificing labors ; 

Resolved, That the Chapter extends to the family 
and relatives its heartfelt sympathy in their bereave- 
ment : 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be sent 
to the family of our departed brother and inserted in 
the Bowdoin Orient. 

A. M. McDonald, '91, 
J. D. Merriman, '92, 
S. O. Baldwin, '93, 

For the Chapter. 



College V/oM. 

Wellesley has an entering class of two liundred 
and twenty eight. 

There is but one college paper in England, and 
on the continent undergraduate journalism is prac- 
tically unknown. 

Ohio has formed an intercollegiate press associa- 

Yale has decided to play Princeton at foot-ball as 
well as Harvard. 

Williams opens with a smaller class than usual — 
seventy-eight — with a total attendance of 310. The 
new Mark Hopkins Memorial Building, which was 
dedicated last Commencement, is not yet entirely 
furnished, only two recitation rooms being ready for 

Dartmouth has a student from Vicksburg, Miss., 
who, being almost totally blind, is obliged to use 
text-books with raised letters or to have his lessons 
read to him. 

'91 Bu{/les Kow on Sale. 


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RoAV a Shell, 

Ride a Bieyele, 

Play Ball op Tennis, 

Work in a Gymnasium, or indulge in any exercise or 
recreation that requires a special costume, send for de- 
scriptions and prices of Shirts, Trunks, Tights, Leotards, 
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Vol. XX. 


No. 7. 




T. S. Burr, '91, Managing Editor. 
A. T. Brown, '91, Business Editor. 

E. H. Neweegin, '91. 

B. D. KiDLON, '91. 

F. V. GUMMER, '92. 

C. "W. Peabody, '93. 

L. A. BUKLEIGH, '91. 

H. S. Chapman, '91. 
H. W. Jarvis, '91. 
C. S. F. Lincoln, '91 

Per annum, in advance. 
Single Copies, 

15 cents. 

Extra copies canbeobtained .It the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Editor. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Coni- 
mnnicationsin regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

In contributing to the Orient assume a nam de plume, and 
affix it to each article contributed. Articles should be sent 
through the mail to the Managing Editor. Deposit with Mr. 
A. W. Tolman a sealed envelope containing both your real and 
assumed name. 

Entered at the Post-Office at Brunswick as Second-Glass Mail Matter. 


Vol. XX., No. 7. -October 1.5, 1890. 

Editorial Notes 1.35 


A Dredging Trip in Penobscot Bay, 137 

Tlie Awakening Spirit 138 

The Bowdoin Debating Club, 138 

Rhyme and Reason: 

An Evening's Omen, 1,39 

Two Winds 139 

A Category, 140 

A Love Lyric, 140 

CoLLEGii Tabula, 140 

Athletics, 142 

Exchanges, 142 

Personal * 143 

College World 144 

One of the most important prize events 
in the college course is the '68 Speaking 
of the Senior class, occurring some time 
during the latter part of the winter term. 
The speakers are appointed for excellence 
in composition, as determined by themes 
written during the Sophomore and Junior 
years. The list of speakers is not announced 
until several weeks after the beginning 
of the winter term, and from the date of 
announcement until the day of the decla- 
mation, the time seems insufficient for the 
production of the best results. The exhibi- 
tion of a year ago is evidence of the in- 
sufficiencj' of the time for preparation of a 
part for the '68 Speaking. There is no rea- 
son, as themes are all handed in before the 
opening of Senior year, why the speakers 
should not be appointed during the fall term, 
and then in case of failure a man could 
have the satisfaction of knowing that it was 
not lack of time that occasioned his break- 
down. It is hoped that the Faculty will 
consider this suggestion favorably, and by 
so doing further the chances of making 
'Ninety-One's '68 Speaking a successful 

WITH the beginning of each year a new 
board of editors steps to the front to 
take charge of and issue a new Bugle, repre- 



sentative of the Junior class. In former 
years the editorial boards have rushed hap- 
hazard into their task with nothing but the 
most meager ideas of where the capital was 
to come from to pay the expenses of pub- 
lication. At best a position on the Bugle 
board is no especial sinecure, and where a 
monument of bills and dues is the inevitable 
ending of a task already sufficiently thank- 
less, it is strange that men can be found 
each year to assume the responsibilities of 
Bugle editors. In many colleges the editors 
will not proceed with the work until every 
cent is subscribed by the class for the issuing 
of the publication. In this way the volume 
is paid for as soon as delivered, and there is 
no further anxiety on the question of finance. 
Whatever sum may be realized from the sale 
of the publication may be turned into the 
class treasury, or refunded to the subscribers 
on the stock plan. This is the scheme the 
Orient would suggest to the Bugle board 
from the present Junior class. Know just 
where every cent is to come from, and you 
will feel much more like throwing your best 
energies into the work, than if the question 
of paying up were left in that encouraging 
state of doubt that has so hampered the 
Bugles of previous years. 

JT^HE article in another column in reference 
-*■ to the reorganizing of the Debating Club, 
deserves the attention of the students, and 
it seems as though some immediate action 
should be taken toward a revival of the old 
interest. The principal trouble last year 
seemed to lie in the fact that the meetings 
were given up too exclusively to debate. If 
papers on interesting subjects could be intro- 
duced, and an occasional lecture by some 
member of the Faculty, or other well-known 
lecturer, the interest would be greatly 
increased, and tlie organization would be 
made to approximate more nearly to some- 
thing like permanency. 

jnHE admission of Bowdoin to the Foot- 
-*■ Ball League seems to signalize the 
awakening of a new interest in that most 
popular of all college sports. The enthusi- 
astic mass-meeting of the students, recently 
held in Memorial, was certainly encouraging, 
and the men seem to be putting in their 
best work in the daily practice games. 
Bowdoin should not be satisfied with the 
mere fact that she has been admitted to the 
league, but should go into the field with the 
idea of coming out somewhere not far from 
the top of the pile when the season puts an 
end to the sport. 

"nEFORE this issue of the Orient the first 
-^ foot-ball game of the season will have been 
played on the Portland grounds. It is to be 
hoped that the boys will turn out well to 
these games and give all the support possible 
to the team. This is practically Bowdoin 's 
first year at foot-ball, and her showing will 
be eagerly noted by the other colleges in the 
New England League. The cost of a trip 
to Portland is not large, and everybody who 
can possibly afford it should give the games 
a liberal patronage. 

0NE idea suggested by the coacher, Mr. 
Dennison, seems to be of considerable 
importance, and deserves the attention of 
the men in college. We refer to the matter 
of cheering. There is no more welcome 
sound to an athletic team, however the con- 
test may be going, than the encouraging 
cheer of its college constituents. Bowdoin 
should bear this in mind, and not be 
niggardly of lung power in the games to be 
played this fall. 

The oldest college in the world is the Moham- 
medan College at Cairo, Egypt, which was 1800 
years old when Oxford was founded. 





A Dredging Trip in Penobscot 

0N THE tenth month, the sixth day of 
the month, at high noon, the Bowdoin 
Scientific Expedition, consisting of Professor 
Lee, his nephew, John Knowlton, and Cilley, 
Hunt, Jackson, and Lincoln, '91, set sail 
from Rockland in the sloop yacht Yokohama 
to investigate some of the natural features 
of the beautiful Penobscot Bay, the object- 
ive point being Lime Island. Our imped- 
imenta, beside the usual stock of eatables 
and bedding, consisted of a dredge and some 
hundred fathoms of line, and picks and 
spades for digging into shell heaps. The 
start was made in a booming north-west 
breeze, and as we got out beyond the break- 
water we began to be " rocked in the cradle 
of the deep." Most of us were old salts 
enough to stand it, but Jack was obliged 
to succumb to the powers that be, and passed 
his time in studying sea tints and probably 
could give a ver}' accurate definition of 
wave motion. 

Lime Island was reached about two 
o'clock, and the first objects of attack were 
the shell heaps which were on the south 
side of the island. They were all rather 
small and from one to three feet in depth, 
and the Professor was of the opinion that 
it must have been the site of some aboriginal 
summer resort. 

The result of tlie afternoon work was 
a beautiful bone awl and quite a large num- 
ber of animal bones which we considered a 
very good find, for in archteological research 
of this kind it often happens that the only 
reward of the weary investigator is a good 
night's sleep. We ceased only when it was 
too dark to see and went back to the " Yoko," 
where we had supper and then sat listening 
to the Professor's interesting stories of the 

Fingians and discussing shell heaps and 
geology until Morpheus insisted on his rights 
and we turned in. 

The next morning we worked at the 
shell heap again where we found more bones, 
some few fragments of pottery and flint 
chippings and an amulet. As the shell heap 
was quite thoroughly dug over by this time, 
we made a tour of the shore, noticing the 
geological formation of the island, and then 
rowed over to Lasell Island, which was 
near, where Cilley and Jackson dug clams 
and the Professor and Lincoln secured star 
fish and sea urchins for laboratory work. 
On my return to Lime Island we found some 
delicious boiled lobsters, captured and pre- 
pared by the skillful Hunt and his able as- 
sistant, John Knowlton, and we had a fine 
dinner of lobsters and clams supplemented 
with provisions from the ship stores. 

Toward the middle of the afternoon we 
got under way for Owl's Head Harbor. 
There was a fair but high wind, and we 
made three hauls with the dredge in from 
twenty to thirty fathoms of water and 
secured some very interesting marine shells, 
which were much appreciated by the Pro- 
fessor but which the writer is not zoologist 
enough to describe. We reached Owl's 
Head Harbor soon after dark and anchored 
for the night. Supper stories and sleep 
was the order of the evening. 

Wednesday morning dawned with a 
strong north-easter blowing with quite a 
heavy rain. The omens were unpropitious 
so we decided to make Rockland. We stood 
down Muscle Ridge Channel, and made two 
more hauls which resulted in more interest- 
ing specimens. We had to beat out of the 
channel with the wind dead ahead, and at 
noon reached Rockland very wet but well 
satisfied with the results of our trip, and all, 
with the possible exception of Jack, are 
enthusiasts on the subject of " North-west 



The Awakening Spirit. 

'UFTER our retirement from boating, upon 
/I the introduction of eight-oared shells, 
the college spirit seems to have sunk into 
quiescence. Base-ball was kept alive from 
year to year bj^ strenuous exertions ; yet 
each successive year saw the same record of 
failing and defeat. But during the last year 
or so we have seen the first premonitions of 
the awakening of this college spirit so long 
dormant. The entry of '91, with its splendid 
athletic material, first aroused it, and they, 
together with a few of '90, were potent fac- 
tors in its advancement. The first result 
was the formation of a tug-of-war team, and 
the outcome showed what earnest eifort, 
combined with hard training could accom- 
plish. Then we see a magnificent outbreak 
of it in the raising of the money for an 
eight-oared crew ; and the result of the two 
races rowed only served to emphasize our 
capability, if all are united and have the best 
interest of the college at heart. 

We see this same spirit exerted in another 
direction, in the formation of the Debating 
Societj'^ last winter. And now we see it 
showing itself with renewed vigor in foot- 
ball this fall. Yet there are things which it 
has not reached with its enlivening influence. 
Although a college yell has been repeatedly 
suggested and urged, yet to-day we are as far 
from having one as ever. The record of base- 
ball last spring isdueaiiddue alone to the lack 
of this college spirit. What does this spirit, 
if continued and fostered, mean to the fel- 
lows and to the college? For the fellows it 
means sacrifice; it means union; and as a 
consequence it means success. For the col- 
lege it means growth ; it means renewed 
respect from tiie college world; but above 
all it means a deeper conscientiousness among 
the students themselves which must lift the 
college into a higher plane morally and 

In the case of l'oot-l)all this season it 

seems as though we had come to a crisis as 
regards this spirit. Failing and disinterest- 
ness in foot-ball, to a great degree means 
failure in all other sports. Failing means 
that probably, next spring, will see the same 
dismal record in base-ball. Success means 
that this spirit will animate and revivify all 
sports and force them to success. 

This spirit is the underlying principle, 
the germ life, of every movement that has 
for its purpose the widening influence and 
the advancement of the college, yet, as Pro- 
fessor Whittier said in the meeting the other 
evening, " success depended mostly on the 
players themselves." Let this spirit of self- 
sacrifice for the good of the college, of union 
in working for it, pervade them, and backed 
by an enthusiastic student body, they will 
rush old Bowdoin to the fore as has not been 
done for years. 

The Bowdoin Debating Club. 

ypHE interest in athletics at Bowdoin should 
■*■ not be permitted to consume the enthu- 
siasm of the students to the exclusion of 
organizations of a more intellectual charac- 
ter. Last year a movement was made in the 
college toward the formation of a society for 
debate and general literary purposes, and an 
organization effected. Meetings were held 
during the winter term, and doubtless much 
benefit was derived by those taking part in 
the proceedings. For some reason, however, 
the interest was allowed to flag, and as yet 
no steps have been taken this year to revive 
the society and place its work upon a firm 
basis. There is perhaps nothing that fills a 
man with broader ideas and keeps him more 
keenly alive to the important question of the 
day than the discussion with his fellows of 
current events, whether of national or local 
significance. If a man's thought machinery 
becomes in the least rusty, there is no better 
means of polishing it up than a plunge into 



a discussion of such questions as naturally 
come up before a college debating society. 
The best authorities on the subject are 
brought into demand, and the student, if he 
posts himself sufficiently on the question to 
be discussed, is necessarily brought in con- 
tact with the thought of the leading men of 
the day. Good solid review articles, well 
considered and digested, together with con- 
siderable independent thought, will do a 
great deal for a man's fund of information, 
which may be invaluable to him at some 
future day. Then the practice in speaking 
that necessarily results from the work in a 
debating society, is something every man 
should avail himself of. There is probably 
not a man in college who will not at some 
time be called upon to make a public ad- 
dress, even if it is nothing more than a 
speech of acceptance of some small token 
presented by a loving class in the school he 
may teach after leaving college, and there is 
no better time or opportunity to acquire the 
art of speaking than in the discussions of 
the college debating society. 

To sum it all up, the debating society 
familiarizes a man with important current 
events, develops the power of individual 
thought and expression of thought, and gives 
a man that confidence and fluency in speak- 
ing, the lack of which is often so painfully 
noticeable in many of the men of to-day 
both in public and private life. 

The Bowdoin Debating Club should be 
reorganized at once, and placed on a jDerma- 
nent basis. The meetings should be of such 
a nature as to call out a full attendance of 
the students, each week, and every man 
should take hold in good earnest, and add 
what he can to the good of the college, the 
student body in general, and himself in par- 

The President of the Pekin University is trans- 
lating Shakespeare's works into Chinese. 

Rl2yme and Reason. 

An Evening's Onnen. 

Gently the rippling waves swept over the sandy bar; 
Brightly the rays shone forth from each merry twink- 
ling star ; 

And our hearts were light 
On that summer's night, 
When we walked on the beach, my love and I, 
Under the blue of a cloudless sky. 

Steadily beamed the beacons over the bounding sea ; 
Softly the shimmering moonbeams fell on ray love 
and me. 

The touch of her hand 
Was the golden band 
That bound us together, my love and I, 
Under the blue of a cloudless sky. 

Gently] whispered: "My darling, our's a life shall be 
Like to the evening's beauty, from strife and dark- 
ness tVee ; 

And love like yon star 
Shall shine from afar 
On the home where we dwell, my love and I, 
Under the blue of a cloudless sky." 

Swiftly the black'ning clouds rose out of the distant 

North ; 
Quickly over the quiet, the howling winds poured 

The lightning flashed. 
The thunder crashed ; 
No longer we wandered, my love and I, 
Under the blue of a cloudless sky. 

Like to that evening's fury — our life. Oh God, forbid ! 
Yet there's an omen of warning in the tempest's 
coming hid. 

Farewell to each star ; 
'Tis tempest and war 
That shall be in our life, my love and I, 
Under the black of a cloudy sky. 

Two Winds. 

Through meadows happy in the sun there came 

A frolic wind from Androscoggin's wave. 
And laughing in the branches of a pine, 

The tree no sympathetic answer gave. 
But only sighed ; and so the breeze flew by. 

Determined such dull company to shun, 
And gayly frolicked all the afternoon 

In maples smiling in October sun. 



But all night long from out the sea, o'er rocks 

Weed-veiled and sombre, lying league on league, 
To daunt the daring tide that rolls between 

Sebascodeggin's wall and green Chebeague, 
Up crept a wind that bore a tale of storms 

And wrecks and awful secrets of the sea. 
And whispered to the pine, and all night long 

Its branches moved and sighed in sympathy. 

A Category. 

Once a tomcat lean and tall, 

Of manner dignified and stately. 

Used to roam from wall to wall 

And sit and sing for hours sedately. 

On summer nights he used to sing. 
On dewy moon-lit summer eves 

His voice the breezes used to bring 

When all was still save rustling leaves. 

But now, alas ! 'tis so no more, 
He sacrificed his soul to science. 

His head-piece grins above my door. 
And bids to all a bold defiance. 

A Love Lyric. 

I would sing of mighty deeds, 

1 would sing of strife and war, 
The power of the silvery moon, 

The sheen of the twinkling star; 
But 'tis vain — for love alone 

Can thrill my heart for singing. 
All the chords that passion strikes 

Within my soul are ringing. 

I would sing of Nature's face, 

Of her mountains bald and high. 
Of her prairies in the West, 

Where the waving grain-fields lie ; 
Of the sunset red and gold. 

Of the flush of morning light, 
Of the sea's dull heavy roar. 

Of the river sparkling bright. 

But 'tis vain — a smiling face 

Blends and mingles everywhere. 
I look in lier Hashing eyes, 

I caress her golden hair. 
For love is the sovereign lord. 

And love is the Muse that guides. 
My poetry is shaped by love. 

My lyre with love abides. 

Jordan, Wright, and Ridlon, '91, and 
Hutchinson, '93, have returned to col- 
lege, the summer hotel season having 

Bancroft's Opera Company in " Errainie" had the 
boards at the Town Hall, October 1st. Two of our 
enterprising Seniors kindly showed some of the 
visiting ladies the sights of the college, but " it was 
their first oftense, and they can prove an alibi." 

Owen, '89, has been on the campus the past week, 
and was mistaken for a Junior by Professor Wells. 

The foundation for the observatory is all finished, 
and work on the brick superstructure will soon be 

The A. D.'s have built a new tennis court in the 
pines back of the gymnasium. It will be a very 
popular place to play next summer. 

As the Orient appears the great Topsham Fair 
will be in progress, and Triangle will yet again be 
greeted with cheers as she appears on the track. 
The vitality of this already aged steed is remarkable. 

The fountain-pen which A. L. Hersey has been 
retailing for ten cents, is really quite a wonder for 
cheapness and has proved very popular. 

Cilley, Merriman, Jackson, and Nelson went to 
Lewiston as delegates to the State Y. M. C. A. Con- 

Society initiations occurred October 10th, and 
about forty Freshmen were put through. 

Professor Lee, accompanied by Cilley, Jackson, 
Lincoln, and Hunt, made a trip to one of the islands 
in Penobscot Bay last week in search of fossils and 

Munsey and Poor, '91, are out teaching, and will 
not be in until the close of the fall term. 

Rounds has entered a colt at the Topsham Fair, 
and students who attend will be able to take interest 
in some other race than that in which Triangle is 

Mr. Stockbridge gave his first lesson to the chapel 
choir and Glee Club last Thursday, and will repeat 



them weekly. It is hoped that nnder his instruction 
the musical talent in college will be better developed 
than ever before. 

A. M. McDonald, '91, is the bell-ringer for this 
year, and Gunimer presides at the organ as last year. 

Some very enjoyable receptions have been held 
in one or two rooms in South iVIaine recently. It is 
a new custom, but one worth adopting. 

About a dozen couples enjoyed a social dance in 
the court-room, September 30th, and the whirl of 
social gayety may be understood to have begun. 

The Stacy brothers are still out teaching. Their 
absence is a loss to foot-ball practice. 

It is understood that Haskell, who was here at 
college last fall, is to return as a special student. 

Everybody was surprised to see by the Boston 
papers that J. M. Hastings, spoken of as a member 
of our foot-ball team, weighed only 105 pounds. 
John was moi-e surprised than any one else. 

The reading-room papers were sold at auction 
last week with even more than the usual reckless 
speculation. Two dollars and ninety-four cents was 
realized from the sale. 

The subjects for the second themes of the term, 
due October 22d, are as follows : Juniors — 1. " Has 
the Mormon Problem been Satisfactorily Solved?" 
2. "Is Bowdoin Fairly Treated by the Maine 
Press?" 3. "The Literary Style of Macaulay." 
Sophomores— 1. "The Present System of Making 
up Back Work." 2. "Handwriting as an Index of 
Character." 3. " A Description of some Painting 
in the Art Gallery." 

The following are the initiates of the different 
fraternities: A. A. *.— Wathen, '92; Briggs, T. C. 
Chapman, Currier, Libby, Sykes, '94. -t. T.— 
Andrews, Butler, Glover, Ingraham, Levensaler, 
Spear, Thompson, '94. A. K. E.— Baxter, Bliss, Dana, 
Fiord, Hinkley, Lord, Plaisted, E. Thomas, W. W. 
Thomas, '94. Z. -f.— Erskine, '91 ; Allen, Anderson, 
Bagley, Farrington, Glover, Horsman, Simpson, 
Wilber. e. A. X. — Arnold, '93; Burnham, A. Chap- 
man, Hill, Knight, Leighton, Pickard, Nichols, 
Stevens, '94. 

Can we not decide on some new and more dis- 
tinctive college color and college cheer? The 
matter received considerable favorable attention 
last year, but no action was taken. It should not 
be dropped entirely. 

The college jury which met for organization, 
October 9th, is constituted as follows: '91 — H. C. 
Jackson; '92— T. F. Nichols ; '93— S. O. Baldwin; 

'94— F.Hill; A. A. *.— C. H. Savage; t. T.— H. E. 
Cutts; A. K. E.— H. Nelson; Z. ^'.— H. R. Smith; 
e. A. X. — J. R. Home, Jr. Jackson was elected 
foreman, and Ilorne, secretary. 

Salustiano Tenderiz, a member of the Medical 
School, is prepared to give lessons in Spanish to 
those desirous of learning the language. Residence, 
corner Cedar and Union Streets. 

President Hyde is conducting a Bible class this 
year in Lower Memorial, Tuesday evening. 

Smith, '78, and Hutchinson, '90, were in town to 
attend the t. T. initiation. Moulton, '87, and Dunn, 
Tolman, Smith, and Spillane, '90, returned to Z. -ir. 
Dennett and Royal, '90, to A. A. *., and Kimball, 
'87, Hill. Shorey, Card, '88, Reed, '83, and Mitchell, 
'90, to e. A. X. 

A quartette, consisting of Burleigh, Pennell, 
Gurney, and Lazell, furnished music last Sunday at 

Work has been suspended on the observatory, for 
the past week, on account of some trouble in securing 
the stone for the underpinning. 

Arnold, of South Braintree, Mass., a cousin of 
Professor Little, has joined '93. 

Geo. C. Staley's company, in " A Royal Pass," 
held the Town Hall last Monday, while Wednesday 
and Thursday an exhibition drill and "Fair Ball" 
occurred there. 

The recent appearance of a dignified Senior in 
the role of a stock-breeder was, to say the least, a 
surprise to his friends, until it was learned that the 
animals were to be used for scientific purposes only. 

Dr. Gerrish, '66, of Portland, was in town all last 

Among the recent additions to the librai-y may 
be mentioned Lumholtz's " Among the Cannibals," 
Shaler's "Aspects of the Earth," Doyle's "Baronage 
of England," Smith's "Religion of the Semites," the 
" Charlemagne Tower Collection of Colonial Laws," 
Adam's " History of Madison's Administration," 
Meyer-Sutke's " Grammaire des Langues Romans," 
Friedlander's " Darstellungen aus der Littengeschicte 

The foot-ball season opens most auspiciously for 
Harvard. Nearly all of last year's team are in 
college, while Yale has but six of her old players 
and Princeton but five. 

Amherst's new President, Dr. Gates, will begin 
his labors about November 1st. 





Well, Bowdoin is in it this year — in that Massa- 
chusetts foot-ball league, towards which we have 
been casting longing glances for the past year. The 
important point is, of course, our admission to the 
League, the details of that admission being too well 
known to need more than a cursory notice here. 

On the third day of October Burr, '91, de- 
parted, with the proper credentials, for Springfield, 
Mass., where the annual meeting of the League was 
to be held at the Hotel Warwick, on the evening of 
that day. 

The delegates present from Dartmouth were F. 
E. Barnard, manager, and F. W. Lakeman, captain. 
Amherst sent down Manager J. S. Stone, Capt. H. C. 
Crocker, and G. A. Morse. Williams was repre- 
sented by Manager E. H. Childs, Capt. O. B. Brown, 
and John Safford, who is an old-time player from 
1883 to 1885. Manager H. N. Williams, Capt. 
Germer, and William Merrill were the Technology 
men present, and Stevens Institute of Technology 
sent L. F. Wettlaufer and J. C. Smith. The Con- 
vention was called to order by Lakeman of Dart- 
mouth. Stevens asked leave to withdraiv, with the 
privilege of entering next year if application is 
made. The great fight of the meeting was over 
this question, but it was finally carried by three 
colleges to two, Williams and Dartmouth voting 
against it. 

Bowdoin's petition for admission to the League 
was next considered, and, to the subsequent surprise 
of many Bowdoin men, the Convention decided that 
Bowdoin brawn and skill should be represented in 
the League struggle for the season of 1890. The 
condition imposed was Bowdoin's surrender of half 
the gate receipts at the games to be played in Port- 
land. Such, in brief, is the story of our admission to 
the League. Shortly after Mr. Burr's return, a 
meeting of the Foot-Ball Association was held in 
Lower Memorial, and all the proceedings at the 
Springfield meeting, relating to Bowdoin, were 
ratified. Mr. Dennison, our trainer, arrived here on 
Monday, October 8th, and immediately put the foot- 
ball men to work. He has kept them hard at it thus 
far, and a noticeable improvement is manifest in the 
general play of the eleven. Mr. Dennison has 
captained the Andover and Dartmouth elevens, and 
is thoroughly conversant with all the points of the 
game. The boys ought to develop immensely 
under his watchful eye. 

The eleven will soon go to a training table, and 
enter upon a systematic course of diet and exercise. 
Our trainer has very decided opinions, and one of 
the first things that he did was to prohibit all smoking. 
That's just right. We can't afford to leave any stone 
unturned if we are to be successful in the coming 

Dc Whittier has played on the second eleven in 
several practice games and has done yeoman service 
for his side 

The eleven generally winds up the afternoon's 
practice by running around the field three or four 
times. Carleton can show most of them a clean 
pair of heels. 

By the time this issue of the Orient reaches its 
readers the Bowdoins will have won a game in 
Portland with the West Roxburys. This is the best 
report of the game we are enabled to give at the 
present lime and may be relied on as substantially 
correct. A rather more extended account will be 
found in oiir next issue. 

Bowdoin vs. Harvard, at Cambridge, October 
2.5 th. 


The Alpha Delta Phis have built a new tennis 
court in the pines north-east of the Observatory. 

It is rumored that the Faculty intend to make good 
the loss of the Theta Delta Chi courts by the construc- 
tion of a new one in some convenient locality. 

The class of '94 brings in some skillful wielders 
of the racquet. 'Ninety-four is going to be in it at the 
next tournament, depend upon it. 

A few of our best players have acquired consid- 
erable proficiency in the use of the famous Lawford 
stroke. It is very effective when properly executed. 



But little he knew of Latin or Greelc, 

Mathematics were quite out of bis roach. 

The sciences, too, were a stumbling block. 
He was awkward and halting in speech. 

His eye had a lifeless and lusterless look. 

But his muscles were solid as steel. 
The envy of men, by the ladies adored, 

To young and to old, the ideal. 

He was wined and was dined from morning till night, 

The glory and pride of the town. 
On the college eleven, at foot-ball he played 

The half-back who never said " down." — Ex. 



On account of a typographical error, the Unit was 
referred to in the exchange column of our last issue 
as the Writ. We hasten to offer our apologies. 

The University of Michigan opens the college 
year with a new daily newspaper, the U. of M. 
Daily. It is a good deul similar in make-up to the 
Harvard Crimson. The Orient most cordially 
wishes it the success which it seems to deserve. 

The Madisonensis begins its thirteenth volume 
with a new cover in white and brown, which is a 
decided improvement on the old one. It states, 
editorially, Ihat the name will not be changed, but 
is intended to serve as a connecting link between the 
old Madison and the new Colgate. The number is a 
very good one, and besides the usual features contains 
a finely executed portrait of one of its new professors. 
Rev. William N. Clarke, D.D. 

The title of the initial article of the Dartmouth 
Lit. is enough to frighten off the timid reader, for the 
prospect is anything but inviting, as the ground of 
criticism, so far as lies within the capabilities of the 
average college student, has been pretty thoroughly 
canvassed, and the articles begin to have a thread- 
bare appearance in places. The article in question, 
however, is in some respects original and well 
treated, and, although to most undergraduates 
Browning is not an object of very profound attrac- 
tion, is not without interest. The rest of the issue 
is filled up with the usual matter, and closes with an 
unusually full alumni department, which must be of 
great interest to Dartmouth graduates. 

The Pacific Pharos, under the head of " Literary,'" 
presents a poem of the most appalling length, 
covering three whole pages, for the existence of 
which there seems to be no adequate excuse possible 
unless it were that it was needed to fill up. When 
we reach the lines 

" And the gray above the gold 
Tells me I am growing okl," 
we seem to fall into a half-conscious state, and to 
hear wafted up to us from some wheezv old hand- 
organ the inspiring strains of "Silver Threads 
Among the Gold," and we are almost tempted to 
look out of the window to see if, perchance, there 
may not be a monkey, too. We are rudely awakened 
from all this by a battle scene in which the author 
makes a despairing attempt to outdo Marco Buzzaris, 
which has evidently served him for a model. 

Our best wish for a friend would be— not that 
he might have a disappointment, but — that he mifht 
never have a disappointment that might not be for 
his good. 

'25.— The Rev. Dr. Geo. 
B. Cheever died at Engle- 
wood, N. J., last week. He was born 
in Ilallowell, Me., April 17, 1807, and 
was the second son of Nathaniel Cheever, 
the editor of the American Advocate. Dr. 
Cheever was graduated at Bowdoin College in 1825, 
in the class with Longfellow, Hawthorne, and Jona- 
than Cilley, and at Andover Seminary in 1830, and 
was ordained pastor of Howard Street Congrega- 
tional Church, Boston, in 1832. While at Andover 
and Salem he contributed prose and verse to the 
North American Review, Biblical Repository, and 
other periodicals. It was in the controversy with 
the Unitarians that Dr. Cheever first became 
generally known. He afterward espoused the cause 
of temperance, as well as that of anti-slavery. In 
1835 he published an allegory, entitled "Inquire at 
De;icon Giles's Distijlery," in a Salem newspaper, 
and the friends of the deacon made a riotous attack 
on Dr. Cheever. He was also tried for criminal 
libel and was sent to prison for thirty days. In 
1839, after a tour abroad, Dr. Cheever went to New 
York and took charge of the Allen Street Presbyte- 
rian Church. He delivered lectures on "Pilgrim's 
Progress" and on "Hierarchical Despotism," in the 
latter instance making a reply to a discourse of 
Archbishop Hughes. He was also, after 1845, 
principal editor of the New York Evangelist. In 
1846 he was made pastor of the Church of the Puri- 
tans, and became renowned as a preacher who 
rigorously and forcibly applied orthodox principles 
to the current questions of the day. In 1870 he 
retired from the pulpit and has since resided at 
Englewood, N. J. On leaving New York he gave 
his house to the American Board of Commissioners 
for Foreign Missions and the American Missionary 
Association. Dr. Cheever contributed many letters 
to the Oljserver, to the Independent, and to the 
Bibliotheca Sacra. Among the best known of his 
publications are " God's Hand in America" (1841), 
"Defense of Capital Punishment" (1846), "The 
Right of the Bible in Our Public Schools" (1854), 
" Lectures on the Life, Genius, and Insanity of Cow- 
per" (1856), " God Against Slavery, and the Freedom 
and Duty of the Pulpit to Rebuke It" (1857), " Guilt 



of Slavery and Crime of Slave-holding " (1860), 
"Faith, Doubt, and Evidence" (1881). 

'57. — Rev. Walter Enoch Darling, formerly of 
Maine, died at the Sanitarium, Arlington, Mass., 
September 16th, aged fifty-five years. He graduated 
at Bowdoin College in 1857, and at Bangor Theo- 
logical Seminary in 1860. He supplied in Princeton, 
Me., a few months in 1861 and again in 1865; was 
ordained pastor of the Congregational Church of 
Foxcroft and Dover, May 10, 1862, remaining until 
June 21, 1866, and after a few months at Orland he 
went to Kennebunk, in January, 1866, and was 
installed as pastor of the Union Evangelical Church 
on March 20, 1866, remaining until November 9, 
1876. From November, 1877, until 1889, he was 
pastor at Farmington, N. H. He was married in 
1862 to Miss Ellen, daughter of Rev. George 
Shepard, D.D., who survives him. Their only 
child died several years ago. He had been in poor 
health for several years. 

'64. — John Gr. Wight, formerly principal of the 
Cooperstnwn (N. Y.) Institute, was elected this 
summer principal of Worcester (Mass.) High School, 
being chosen from a large number of candidates. In 
this school he has under him twenty-five assistants. 

'87. — Harry B. Austin was married, October 1st, 
to Miss Dora B. Hillman. 

'87. — Edward T. Little, who was recently married 
to Miss Alice Skofield, of Brunswick, has settled in 
Denver, Col., where he enters upon the practice of 

'87. — Fred Moulton is in the Bellevue Hospital, 
New York. 

'89. — Crocker will enter the Washington Law 

'89. — Elden is principal of the Hamden (Conn.) 
High School. 

'89. — Charles H. Fogg has declined an ofl^er of a 
good position in Boston, and will enter the store of 
his father, Mr. A. H. Fogg, at Houlton. 

'89. — S; L. Fogg is studying law in Judge 
Wilson's office at South Paris. 

'89. — Fred Freeman was recently married. He 
is teaching the High School at Alfred. 

■'89. — Hill is studying law in Portland. 

'89. — Earl Merrill has a fine position with the 
Edison Electric Light Company in Chicago. 

'89. — Owen is principal of Thornton Academy, 

'89. — Phelan is employed on the United States 
River and Harbor Survey. He is just now stationed 
in Richmond, Me. 

'89. — Rice has returned to the Columbia Law- 
School . 

'89. — Rogers is studying law in Farmington. 

'89. — O. R. Smith is erecting a fine residence in 
Middleborough, Mass., to which he will soon bring 
Miss Mamie Copeland as his bride. 

'89. — Thwing is in the Boston Law-School. 

'89.— Watts is teaching in Thomaston. 

'90.— George W. Blanchard is taking a post- 
graduate course at Harvard in Political and Social 

College WofIgI, 

At Princeton the Freshmen have compulsory 
gymnasium work this year. 

Two of the five students at the University of 
Michigan, who were suspended last term for kid- 
napping the Freshman toast-master, have been 

The annual "rush" between the Freshmen and 
Sophomores at Yale took place September 23d. The 
Freshmen came off victorious. 

The Princeton Faculty have decided that no 
special student will be allowed to play in any univer- 
sity athletic team until after he has been in college 
two terms, or one year. 


at low prices, send to 

W. W. Ellis, Stationer, 

Artistic Work a .Specialty. 


Vol. XX. 


No. 8. 




T. S. Burr, '91, Managing; Editor. 
A. T. Brown, '91, Business Editor. 
L. A. Burleigh, '91. B. H. Newbegin, '91. 

H. S. Chapman, '91. B. D. Kiplon, '91. 

H. W. Jarvis, '91. F. V. GuMMER, '92. 

C. S. F. Lincoln, '91. C. W. Peabodt, '93. 

Per annum. In advance. 
Single Copies, 

15 cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Editor. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Com- 
nninicatlons In reg.ardto all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

In contributing to the Orient assume a nom tie plume, and 
affl.Y it to each article contributed. Articles should be sent 
through the mail to the Managing Editor. Deposit with Mr. 
A. W. Tolman a sealed envelope containing both your real and 
assumed name. 

Entered at the Poat-OtEce at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 


Vol. XX., No. 8.-October 29, 1890. 

Editorial Notes 145 


Class Foot-Ball 147 

Bowdoiii and the Press, 147 

The Debating Club Has the Floor, 148 

The Study of English 149 

Some ISiu.sical Suggestions 150 

Khyme and Reason: 

In Ultima Thule, 151 

Morning on the Saco, 151 

Exchanges 151 

CoLLEOii Tabula, 152 

Y. M. C. A 154 

Athletics, 155 

Personal, 157 

In Memoriam ; 185 

College World, ...,,,.,,..,. 158 

The action of the Faculty in re- 
gard to the matter of granting attendance 
rank to those who were obliged to absent 
themselves from recitations while making up 
back work at the beginning of the term, is 
proving a source of much satisfaction to stu- 
dents interested. Full attendance rank will 
be allowed this time to all whose work was in 
arrears at the opening of college year, but 
henceforth the rule will probably be strictly 
enforced. The fairmiiidedness of the Fac- 
ulty in waiving a rule which, if put in force 
without due notice to the students, would 
have been so obviously unjust, is certainly 
most commendable. 

TV7E INTRODUCE in this issue of the 
** Orient a new department which it is 
hoped may be continued daring the re- 
mainder of the present Orient year, and 
during the years when the paper shall be in 
the hands of our successors. The Y. M. C. 
A. is a college enterprise now firmly estab- 
lished at Bowdoin, and one whose influence 
for good cannot but make itself felt through- 
out the length and breadth of the institution. 
The Orient opens its columns to the Bow- 
doin Y. M. C. A. in the belief that notes, 
communications, announcements, and gen- 
eral items of interest from the association, 
will enhance the value of the paper in the 



eyes of its readers, whether members of the 
Y. M. C. A. or not, and make it by so much a 
more complete record of college events, and 
a nearer approximation to what a college 
paper should be. 

THE dancing school season will soon be on 
hand at Bowdoin. The Oeibnt cannot 
too strongly urge the students, especially 
members of the two lower classes, to avail 
themselves of the excellent opportunity of- 
fered to learn Terpsichore's art. Nowhere 
does society swing open its doors more freely 
to young men than in oyr own college town. 
The Brunswick young ladies are delightful 
entertainers, and many a pleasant evening, 
adding its bright page to the book of college 
life, is due to their forethought and charm- 
ing hospitality. The college man who can- 
not dance is not a fall-fledged college man. 
The college dance is one of the pleasantest 
diversions that break the routine of student 
life, and the man who fails to take advantage 
of the opportunities offered, misses it most 
decidedly. Our advice to students who do 
not dance would be, in short, to patronize 
the Junior's dancing school, and then when 
winter and spring comes with their brilliant 
social events, you will be capable of enter- 
ing into the enjoyments of the hour, to miss 
which is to miss one of the most enjoyable 
features of the college life. 

WITH the advance of the foot-ball sea- 
son the need of a new college yell or a 
series of college yells becomes more and 
more apparent. Other institutions are far 
ahead of Bowdoin in the matter of college 
cheers, and there is apparently no shadow of 
a reason why this should be the case. There 
are certainly enough brilliant intellects in 
college to evoke a suitable Bowdoin yell, 
and nothing but a chronic inertia, and lack 
of enterprise prevents our having a charac- 
teristic cry with which to vent our superflu- 

ous enthusiasm and lung power. The old 
familiar B-o-w-d-o-i-n 'Rah, 'Rah, 'Rah, need 
not be given up. In fact we would be very 
loth to see the old cry entirely supplanted. 
But there is nothing characteristic in it. 
Any backwoods fire company; any second 
rate military command ; in short any organ- 
ization whatever can, and generally does, 
celebrate a victory by spelling the name of 
the place it hails from, and prefixing three 
'rahs. A college cry should be something 
outside of this rut. Such a yell is not in 
keeping with the college sport. What we 
need is something distinctive, something 
characteristic, a yell that will stir the en- 
thusiasm and set the blood of every loyal 
Bowdoin man to tingling in his veins. Now 
the Okibnt is willing and desirous to pub- 
lish anything that may be produced in the 
line of a Bowdoin cheer. Let the students 
set their minds to working, and before the 
next issue send their ideas of what a college 
yell should be to the Orient board, make 
them known to the college in general 
through the columns of the next issue. 

TITHE Bowdoin Muse has of late become 
-^ sadly neglected. Apparently she has 
but few student wooers, and unless more 
interest is taken in her welfare the Orient 
is in danger of falling far behind its reputa- 
tion as a chronicler of briglrt Bowdoin verse. 
Other college papers sparkle and effervesce 
with the college poetic spirit, but the Orient 
has not of late done as much in that line as 
it should. What productions we have re- 
ceived thus far have been of the usual 
standard of excellence, but it is the quantity 
not the quality that seems lacking. There 
are enough good writers of verse in college to 
keep the Rhyme and Reason column well up 
to the front, and we would earnestly urge and 
solicit such writers to let the spark of genius 
burn and reflect its rays from the columns of 
the R. and R. department of the college paper. 





Class Foot-Ball. 

'D'S IN boating class crews are essential to 
/ -^ the success of the 'Varsity crew, so in 
foot-ball class elevens would add greatly to 
the success of the "Varsity team. 

Frequent games between regular class 
elevens would surely tend to increase the 
interest in the sport throughout the college. 
This is perhaps more true this fall inasmuch 
as nearly if not all of the 'Varsity games 
are, we believe, to be played away from here. 

Beside the increase of interest in the 
sport it would develop more material from 
which to select the 'Varsity team in addition 
to giving it a more substantial backing. 

The recent suggestion of the Orient, 
wherein was mentioned a change in the open- 
ing fall sports, in this direction was an excel- 
lent one. Although it is, of course, too late 
to put this into practice this fall, yet the 
time is now ripe for the formation of 
"elevens" from the three lower classes at 
least. A match foot-ball game between 
'Ninety-two and 'Ninety-three would surely 
be an interesting one, as would also one be- 
tween 'Ninety-three and 'Ninety-four. 

May we soon see this suggestion acted 
upon, and we will predict a greater enthu- 
siasm in this popular fall sport than has ever 
been manifested among the students here 

Bowdoin and the Press. 

Good Advice to College Correspondents. 
TT IS a well known and sadly lamentable 
-^ fact that Bowdoin College does not re- 
ceive its just attention from the various prom- 
inent newspapers in the country, in New 
England, and even in our own State. We 
complain continually that such is the sad 
state of affairs, and yet what do we do to 

remedy it? Absolutely nothing. Do we 
fail to realize the great good to the college 
of frequent notices in the leading journals? 
It would certainly appear so from our actions 
or rather from our inactivity in this line. 
A record of a base-ball or foot-ball game, or 
any account of any college events, with pos- 
sibly a few exceptions, is worth more, and 
benefits the college more than hundreds of 
dollars spent in advertising. We, however, 
in looking over many of the leading New 
England dailies, seldom see the slightest 
notice of our college, not even a record of 
an athletic contest unless it is sent in by an 
opponent who has defeated us. Yet is not 
this our own fault ? How many of us ever 
report for any journal any of the college hap- 
penings? Surely very few. And still we 
complain that the press does not devote 
enough attention and space to our interests. 
If we will ourselves wake up and do some- 
thing in this line and as many of us as posi- 
ble secure situations as college correspond- 
ents for various prominent papers, and do 
our duty we shall have no cause for such 
complaints as are now heard daily. 

Sometimes, however, a good thing may 
be carried too far and thus made more in- 
jurious than beneficial. Even in Bowdoin 
great events, perfectly harmless in them- 
selves, may take place, but let the news- 
papers, ever greedy for scandal, take them 
up, preface the none too accurate accounts 
with double column sensational readings, 
such as " Riot at Bowdoin," " Whole Classes 
Suspended," " Students' Revolt," " Faculty 
Hold Midnight Meetings," " etc., etc.," we 
soon see the effect. The reputation of the 
college is injured, classes dwindle down to 
almost nothing, and many years elapse be- 
fore the damage is even partially repaired. 
A member of our Faculty suggested a few 
days ago a very good plan to overthrow this 
evil. The students who report for the 
papers form an organization, and when any 



disturbance occurs which is absolutely im- 
possible to keep out of the papers, meet and 
decide just how much it is best to report 
and each one abide by that decision. 

By adopting this course the students 
themselves can see that we receive our just 
dues from the press, and that on no occasion 
we receive any injury from too full accounts 
of an occasional breaking forth of animal 
spirit. May this be considered worthy of 

The Debating Club Has the Floor. 

T AGREE with the writer in the last num- 
^ ber of the Orient. The Bowdoin De- 
bating Club certainly should be re-organized. 
A well managed debating society is the best 
of teachers. Greater interest than that of 
last year is necessary, however. The Debat- 
ing Club did lag last winter. There seems 
to be a reason for this. It was too exclusive. 
The upperclassmen instituted it, and for 
this their memory should be kept green; 
but they confined its proceedings almost en- 
tirely to members of their own classes. 
Towards the end of the year it was natural 
that those who took the greatest interest in 
the club were constrained to turn their 
thoughts to other matters. The difficulty 
is apparent still more this fall, when the 
chief corner-stone and most of the pillars 
are missing. Let us try a new rule in the 
club this year, and let the underclassmen feel 
it to be their right and their duty to 
share in the debates and other proceedings. 
I predict that, with proper encouragement, 
they will take full as much interest in it as 
the Seniors and Juniors. If so, the meetings 
cannot fail to be well supported, and next 
year the club will be ready to start again of 
its own accord. 

The suggestion was made in the editorial 
column of the Orient that the monotony 
of debates be relieved by a series of lectures. 

This is a good idea. It was thought of last 
year, but, either on account of the lateness 
of the season, or of the difficulty of pro- 
curing the proper lecturers, it was not put 
into effect. 

Is it necessary to look far for lecturers? 
Have we not men right here who would 
give us as good addresses and command as 
much respect as professional and itinerant 
lecturers ? 

Those who listened to Professor Chap- 
man's lecture in the Y. M. C. A. course last 
year were unanimous in the opinion that 
they might search long and far to find its 
equal. It seems to me that we should be 
poor friends to ourselves indeed, not to look 
for another from the same source. 

What public educator (aside from a cer- 
tain curiosity to see the man) would we 
rather listen to on any subject concerning 
education than to President Hyde? 

Who of us would not rather hear an his- 
torical lecture by Professor Wells than one 
by Professor Tripp? Would not the recent 
excavations in Greece and Italy, or an ac- 
count of Greek and Roman orators, or a 
score of other subjects with which our Greek 
and Latin Professors are acquainted make 
interesting lectures ? We should like to 
hear about the Europe of to-day, also, and 
we have not to look far for a lecturer on 
that subject. 

The sciences, too, every one of them, are 
fruitful of subjects which, being, as it were, 
side, issues, the Professors are reluctant in 
introducing to any great length into the 
regular recitations ; but which would be 
most interesting and appropriate in the form 
of lectures before a Debating Club whose 
purpose is the acquirement of such knowl- 
edge as is not found in dry elementary text- 
books. Would not a lecture on photography 
be interesting? And how man}' of us there 
are, who, though not fully in sympathy with 
the twists and quirks of Ana, would be 



pleased and instructed by an address on the 
" Metric System" ! 

In short it seems to me that a course of 
lectures by the Faculty is just what the De- 
bating Club wants to keep up a lively in- 
terest. The question is whether the Faculty 
will be willing to favor us. We might 

First, however, it is necessary to start 
the Debating Club. It is only right that the 
Senior class take the lead. Who will head 
the movement? I suggest the Editor of the 
Orient as the man. 

The Study of English. 

By Geo. T. Files. 

PISTORY tells us that, in early times, 
whole tribes of Germanic people mi- 
grated from their settlements on the Cem- 
brian Peninsula and sought homes upon 
the more fertile and inviting shores of 
Britain. Men, fierce of nature, tall of 
stature, above all, possessing that insatiable 
love for change and adventure — they seem 
to have cared little for the Celtic tribes 
whose rights they invaded, still less for the 
storms of the inhospitable Northern Seas. 
Why they came matters little to us here ; 
but what language did they speak? or 
what relation did it bear to all other 
languages ? — these are questions which di- 
rectly concern all who seek to know the 
origin and development of the English 

" The Study of English," properly speak- 
ing does not include the study of English 
Literature. Oftentimes, the line must be 
sharply drawn, for to the student of litera- 
ture, pure and simple, the complex nature 
of Philology may prove to be a discourage- 
ment rather than a help for future study. 
But he who delights to watch the gradual 
development in language and to mark its 
constant change from age to age, he it is 
who will be interested to see how the appar- 

ently unfamiliar Saxon word continues to 
assume new form, until that same word has 
developed to a proper extent and found its 
own place in the English language as spoken 
to-day. At the same time he will learn that 
the very words with which he addresses his 
German or Scandinavian cousin are not 
wholly of a different type, but the same, in 
origin at least, though clothed in different 
dress. Such study naturally divides itself 
into three distinct divisions: Anglo-Saxon, 
Middle English, and Modern English. Each 
part has its own duties and should be studied 
in its proper place so that no link may be 
lost in the comj^lete chain of development. 

There is a keen delight in posing over 
the pages of some Anglo-Saxon text, and 
finding therein not only the dim shadows 
of words now English, but also a still closer 
relationship to words of sister tongues. The 
language itself will be found to be abrupt 
and unfinished, yet carrying with it that 
firm and determined nature which so 
characterized its users. Here abundant 
material for study is to be found, although 
up to the present day the great mass of 
work in English has been upon this period. 
The majority of questions are still unsettled, 
such as, for example, the following : disputed 
authorship of poems, corrections of text, 
doubt as to time of writing, in short, all the 
countless points that a faulty manuscript 
may occasion. Enough time should be given 
to this period, since it is the basis upon 
which all the future work is to proceed. 

The Middle English period is no less 
interesting, and much of the material is as 
yet untouched. The work is easier, for the 
language begins to assume more familiar 
form and is, in proportion, more intelligible. 

To Modern English we need no intro- 
duction. The language has reached its 
final stage, and the student is, naturally, 
drawn more to the literary side. 

Such, in brief, is " The Study of English." 



Work in this field is comparatively new. 
The time seems to have come when the 
English people are opening their eyes to 
all that is beautiful and interesting in their 
own language. There is an excellent chance 
for all who love language and literature to 
use their energy and zeal in this line of 
study. Schools and colleges are alike 
widening their courses in this direction so 
much, that to-day scarcely a college can be 
found that does not offer an excellent oppor- 
tunity for " The Study of English." 

Some Musical Suggestions. 

MUSIC is an important factor in the life 
of a college. Whether it be the sacred 
melody of the Sabbath chapel, or the up- 
roarous strains of the popular Sophomoric 
air, we are thankful for its presence among 
us. While we sincerely appreciate our new 
organ, the choir, established on a firm basis, 
together with the Glee and Banjo Clubs, the 
question arises in our minds if music is all 
that it is capable of being at Bowdoin. It 
may not be advisable to introduce this 
branch of study into our curriculum, yet 
there are other ways by which more encour- 
agement could be given to such a means of 
culture : 

First, by a musical association. The 
college possesses abundant taste and talent 
for the membership of such an organization. 
Let the . musicians, embryonic, full-fledged, 
or of any intermediate stage, unite for 
mutual improvement. If it were for no 
other object than to enjoy an old-fashioned 
singing school, the results could not fail to 
be beneficial to those participating. A series 
of musical entertainments, employing both 
home and imported talent, might profitably 
be given. In former days such entertain- 
ments in Memorial Hall have been liberally 

Secondly, why should not the library 

contain shelves set apart for distinctively 
musical literature ? We would suggest as 
a foundation for such a division. Groves' 
Dictionary, which is in every respect a 
standard work. Then the biographies and 
published letters of the masters, together 
with the histories of the art, would make a 
valuable accession to any general library. 
We could not, perhaps, bespeak a wide 
reading for this class of books, but are there 
not already in the library other divisions 
that depend on individual tastes for patron- 
age ? 

Thirdly, when the organ was presented 
to the college one of the provisions of the 
gift was that competent students should, upon 
application, be free to use the instrument for 
practice. To what extent is this opportu- 
nity improved ! With the exception of the 
organist no student approaches the instru- 
ment. This is to be regretted, since a small 
amount of regular practice, if persisted in, 
would give an ordinary pianist considerable 
facility in playing a pipe organ. 

But our organ is comparatively unavail- 
able for practice for the want of a motor. 
Generally the time one can afford to devote 
to practice must be occupied in searching for 
a blower-bo3^ It is very easy to make sugges- 
tions for the expenditure of money, but in this 
case the water is already in the cellar and 
fifteen dollars are expended annually for 
blowing the organ. The purchase of a 
motor would be a laudable disposition of 
any accumulated funds accruing from the 
proposed entertainments. 

There is but one college paper in England, and 
on the continent undergraduate journalism is practi- 
call}' unknown. 

A new system of economy has been adopted at 
Ilarvai'd to go into effect this year. It is a furniture 
loan system, by which students of small means may 
obtain their furniture on loan and save the expense 
of purchase. Furniture is loaned for about 10 per 
cent, of its value. 



Rl^yme g^Dcsl Reason. 

In Ultima Thule. 

To L. G. P. 

O moon, where leads yon path of gold 

Across the silver wave ? 
O would that I might flee 
Into that unknown sea, — 

To what, an ocean grave? 

O maiden with unfathomed eye, 
What's hidden for me there? 

could I wander down 
That path of wondrous brown, 

What should I find, — despair? 

1 floated adown the golden stream, 

I fathomed the eye without a chart; 
I found in one a quiet dream, 

In the other the maiden's heart. 

Morning on tine Saco. 

The dawn begins to break, and yonder hills 
Are tinged with the first flushes of the morn ; 
And one faint star, more bold than all the rest 
Swift disappears before the greater light. 
But hark! and from the far ofl' distance comes 
Tlie rumbling murmur of the rushing falls. 
Nature thus speaks unto her worshipers, 
And tolls them of the mysteries of earth. 
The mist is gathered in the valley, low. 
The shadow of the disappearing night, 
And as the sunlight touches it, it shrinks 
Away and is no more ; like to a flake 
Of downy snow; we touch, and it is gone. 
A mellow light steals through the trees. 

Is sparkling with the morning dew. Each leaf 
Receives a sunbeam with a smile of joy. 
The earth is filled with freshness and with bloon] 
The birds are singing in the trees above 
Sweet melodies unto the God of light. 
The sand along the river is a blaze 
Of gold. The rippling water sparkles bright. 
Like to the fairy diamonds of the West. 
Nature in all her majesty is here. 
In joy we bow and worship at her shrine. 




The church was burning. Klames of fire 
Fanned by the East-wind's fiendish ire 

From door and window brolie, 
And, as he watched the curling wreaths 
Meant up to heaven from spire and eaves, 

He murmured " Holy smoke." 

— Brunonian. 


The vanished years ! When soft and low 
The winds of evening gently blow. 

Calling the weary souls to rest — 

And one cloud rosy in the west 
Tells of the day's departed glow. 

Then fleeting visions come and go, 
Dreams of the past. More sweet they grow, 
More sad. Ah ! would that we possessed 
The vanished years ! 

Like to ceaseless ebb and fiow 
Of some vast sea, so to and fro. 

Surge waves of longing through the breast. 
Vain longing ! Who can hope to wrest 
From Time's firm hand the long ago, 
The vanished years ? 

— Trinihj Tablet. 

Nearest at hand, on the top of a huge pile of 
exchanges, lies the October number of the Harvard 
Monthly, the first issue of the season. Conspicuous 
among its contents is an article on the way in which 
a student should be trained to use an income prop- 
erly, and a very pretty and simply told story of 
Canadian life, entitled " Pierre." 

"Provincial Reminiscences" in the Noi'th Caro- 
lina TJniversity Magazine, is an article which shows 
much careful, painstaking work, and is in treatise 
historically. The magazine manages to keep up its 
end in its literary department, but in its local depart- 
ment it does not seem to meet the requirements. 

The Brunonian, as usual, contains some choice 
bits of college verse, and the greater part of the 
remainder is filled up with athletic topics. We 
welcome it as one of our best exchanges. 

The Lafayette sagely discusses the foot-ball situ- 
ation in its editorial column, and also advocates the 
formation of a Dramatic Association to take the place 
of its defunct Glee Club. 

We prize the 'Varsity from the University of 
Toronto, it being the only exchange we have from 
Canada. It is a very well conducted sheet. 



The following soulful effusion. is culled from the 

Adelbert : 

A prudent old farmer near "Worcester 
Had a Shang-Hai hen and a rorcester, 

But their perch was up high, 

And the hen couldn't iiy, 
And so the old man had to horchester. 

The Chronicle and Argonaitt have very wisely 
consolidated under the title of the Chronicle,- Argonaut. 
We have i-eceived the first two numbers. Under the 
head of Exchanges they print a good deal of 
" clipped " verse, the source of which is not acknowl- 
edged ; among this we notice two effusions from the 

There is a well accredited report 
going the rounds to the effect that a 
certain Junior was in doubt which end 
of the blow-pipe should be applied to 
the mouth, and was obliged to consult the professor 
for information. 

Card, '88, and Hall, '88, were here a few days ago. 

Plummer, '87, and Shorey, '88, were seen in town 

Professor Lee was in Boston several days last 

The work on the new observatory is getting no 
farther very fast. 

Professor Robinson went on the excursion to 
Bluffton, Ala., last week. 

Gymnasium work will begin immediately after 
the Thanksgiving recess. 

Several of the students attended a gerraan given 
by Miss Chandler, of Boston, lately. 

The Ariel-Thomas Concert Company drew quite 
an audience to the town hall, Friday night. 

The Zeta Psi Fraternity has recently jjlaced a 
piano in their club room, at Mrs. Gelchell's. 

One of the Seniors declares himself as strongly in 
favor of the " Reciprocy " amendment. 

Stacey returned to college some time since, and 
has been doing good work on the foot-ball eleven. 

Professor Lee has been away for several days on 
college business. The Seniors enjoyed adjourns. 

They say that some of the boys found " cousins" 
more or less charming at the Topsham Fair grounds. 

The cards announcing the topics and leaders of 
the Y. M. C. A. meetings for the present term are 

The frost is plaving havoc with the tennis courts, 
and it looks as if the time had come to call in the 

It is rumored that a series of assemblies will be 
substituted for the customary dancing-school this 

The Seniors have recently been subjected to 
examinations in Psychology, Political Science, and 
English Literature. 

The Sophomores have already begun to read 
German prose. They started in this week on Hauff's 
" Das Kalte Herz." 

Scholfield, '87, recently visited the campus. He 
is at present in the employ of the American Arms 
Company, Boston. 

There was a game of foot-ball Saturday after- 
noon between two strictly amateur elevens. The 
wildest excitement prevailed throughout. 

Mr. William Condon, professor of agriculture at 
Bowdoin, has been compelled to seek refuge in the 
insane asylum at Augusta. We shall miss him. 

Professor Chapman delivered a very interesting 
and instructive address before the Y. M. C. A. on the 
afternoon of Sunday, the 19th. 

Five o'clock teas in the dormitories, to which 
lady friends are invited, are new and pleasant 
features of college life developed this year. 

The Grange Fair, at Bath last week, proved quite 
an attraction to some of the students — so much so 
that several of them failed to connect on the train 

It has been announced that, owing to the new rule 
not being generally understood, those who have not 
yet completed their making up will be allowed their 
attendance rank. 

Mr. F. W. Plaisted, of the Augusta New Age, a 
brother of Plaisted, '94, visited the campus on the 
14th, on his return from a trip to Washington and 
various places in Tennessee. 

About half the Senior class have purchased the 
recently published James' psychologies; the remain- 
ing half still cling fondly to Dewey. President 
Hyde has decided to conduct the recitations in psy- 
chology by comparing the two works. 



Hatch, '93, has left his olass at Bowdoin and en- 
tered Colby. Superior financial inducements was 
the cause of the change. His classmates were down 
at the train in a body and gave him a good send-off. 

Dr. Small, President of Colby University, 
preached before the students at the Congregational 
church on. Sunday, the 19lh. The sermon was a 
powerful one and was highly appreciated by all who 
heard it. 

It would have brought tears to the eyes of our 
popular Professor of Mathematics if he could have 
seen the frantic but unsuccessful attempt of one of 
the Political Science Division to subtract ten from 
twenty-five, a few days ago. 

The Glee Club and Chapel Choir is at present 
composed as follows: First tenors, Burleigh and 
Hastings, '91 ; second tenors, Pennell, '92, and Lord, 
'94; first bassos, Gurney, '92, and Dana, '94; second 
bassos, Lazelle, '92, and Stevens, '94. 

An alumnus who reads the Orient regularly ofi'ers 
the following as a suggestion for a new college yell : 
" 'Rah, 'rah, 'rah! 'Rah, rah, 'rah! Bowdoin, Bow- 
doin Orient, Bugle, Brunswick! Bowdoin!" The 
suggestion is unique if nothing else. 

Burpee, '87, stopped over, on the 13lh, on his 
way to Boston. He saw the eleven practice, and 
thinks that Bowdoin, with her annual accession of 
brain and brawn, has at last hit upon her game par 
excellence . 

The Topsham Fair was a howling success, as 
usual. The elite of Brunswick and the suburban 
districts flocked over in large numbers. Triangle, 
driven by the old favorite, broke the record for the 
nth time, amid the admiring applause of the Fresh- 

" Whisker" has atoned for his nocuous activity 
by a period of innocuous desuetude, and presumably 
that dusky little face that has been peering out from 
behind prison bars will be seen in Brunswick ere 
long. Whisker! Whisker! wherefore are thou. 

Professor Lee and the Seniors had an interesting 
talk on "Evolution," the other day, in the course of the 
Geology recitation. The principal points developed 
were that man's ancestor was not an ape, and that 
angels' wings won't sprout on the human race any 
time short of the millennium. 

Hatch, '93, of Saco, severed his connection with 
Bowdoin a week ago last Saturday, when he left for 
Colby on the afternoon train. His classmates got 
together at the depot and gave him a rousing send- 
off that indicated a heart3' wish for his success and 
prosperity in his new walls of college life. 

An excellent opportunity is ofi'ered all the singers 
in college who wish to cultivate their voices and pass 
some enjoyable evenings. The Orpheus Club, a 
Brunswick musical organization, will alFord the 
opportunity mentioned this winter. All students 
are invited to join. Mr. Hermann Kotzschmar, of 
Portland, is to be the director. 

President Small, of Colby University, occupied 
the pulpit in the Congregationalist Church, Sunday, 
Octobe; 11th. His text was taken from Colossians 
ii : 8 — "Beware lest any man spoil you through 
philosopliy and vain deceit, after the tradition of 
men, after the rudiments of the world, and not after 
Christ." About fifty of the students occupied seats 
on the floor. 

Stacey, '93, has returned from teaching and is de- 
voting himself to foot-ball. He is a valuable addi- 
tion to the eleven. Quite a number of the fellows 
went up to Boston with the eleven to see the game 
with Harvard. Among them were Burr, Burleigh, 
Jordan, Porter, Ridlon, Wright ('91), Hodgdon 
('92), MacArthur ('93), Hinckley ('94), Mr. Parker, 
and Dr. Whittier. 

A couple of weeks ago Professor Johnson kindly 
volunteered to take any members of the Senior- 
Junior elective German division, so desiring, 
through a voluntary course of German prose. Be- 
tween fifteen and twenty students have availed 
themselves of the excellent opportunity afl'orded, 
and the class now meets every Monday evening in 
Memorial Hall. 

Following are the subjects for the third themes of 
the term, due on Wednesday, November 5th: Jun- 
iors — 1. "Modern Political Hero Worship;" 2. 
" Are Athletic Sports Becoming too Prominent in 
American College Life?"; 3. "The 'Culprit Fay' 
of Joseph Rodman Drake." Sophomores— I. " De- 
scription of a Foot-Ball Game " ; 2. " English Prisons 
Two Hundred Years Ago"; 3. "The Language 
of Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress." 

The afternoon on which the first and second 
elevens had their match game witnessed quite a con- 
flagration in Bowdoinham. The kindling wood 
factory, owned by the Carr Kindling Wood Com- 
pany, was left without a roof and with one side miss- 
ing. The fire proved to be a greater attraction than 
the foot-ball game to many of the students, and they 
went up to the scene of destruction on the special 
car which carried up the Brunswick firemen. They 
had to pay regular fare on that special train, how- 
ever, contrary to their expectations, and were cor- 
respondingly tired. Stay and see the game next 
time, boys. 



Prize Essay Proposal For 1891. 

New York, October 20, 1890. 
The Amei-iean Protective Tariff League offers to 
the undergraduate student of Senior classes of col- 
leges and universities in the United States, a series 
of prizes for approved essays on "Effect of Pro- 
tection on the Purchasing Power of Wages in the 
United States." Competing essays not to exceed 
eight thousand w^ords, signed by some other than the 
writer's name, to be sent to the office of " The 
League," No. 23 West Twenty-third Street, New 
Yorli City, on or before March 1, 1891, accompanied 
by the name and address of the writer and eertifioate 
of standing, signed by some officer of the oollege to 
which he belongs, in a separate sealed envelope (not 
to be opened until the successful essays have been 
determined), marked by a word or symbol corre- 
sponding with the signature to the essay. It is 
desired, but not required, that manuscripts be type- 
written. Awards will be made June 1, 1891, as 
follows : For the best essay, one hundred and fifty 
dollars; for the second best, one hundred dollars; 
for the third best, fifty dollars. And for other 
essays, deemed especially meritorious, the Silver 
Medal of the League will be awarded, with honorable 
mention of the authors in a public notice of the 
awards. " The League " reserves the right to pub- 
lish, at its own expense, any of the essays for which 
prizes may be awarded. The names of judges will 
be announced hereafter. 
Respectfully, etc., 

Edward H. Ammidown, 
Henry M. Hoyt, President. 

General Secretary. 

Twenty tliousand dollars has been collected for a 
new chemical laboratory at Amherst. 

Canada has forty colleges; Brazil has forty-five 
colleges and scientific schools ; and India has eighty 

The Northwestern University began in 1855 with 
$1,000 and ten students. To-day it has an endow- 
ment of $3,000,000 and 1,700 students. 

Six Simese students have been sent by the gov- 
ernment of Siam to be educated in this country. 
They go to Westminster College, New Wilmington, 

Resolutions, signed by 1,360 members of the 
University of Cambridge, protests against any 
movement towards the admission of women to 
membership and degree in the University. 

y.yn.C.fl. Column. 

In accepting the Orient's offer of the use of its 
columns regularly for the interests of the Young 
Men's Christian Association of the college, it should 
be stated that it is the desire of the association that 
its worls and methods be well known, and its 
aim clearly understood. The association's motto is 
" Bowdoin for Christ." 

By its committee system, shown below, that is, 
by the assignment of certain men to particular work, 
the responsibility for every branch of the work is 
plainly located. Blame for the association's failure 
to accomplish much in any line, belongs properly to 
the president, and yet with the committee list known 
to all, the college can easily decide where the trouble 
primarily lies and criticise accordingly. Such criti- 
cism, frank and open, is desired. 

Thursday, October 16th, closed the first month's 
work, and the committee reports revealed what had 
been accomplished, or, when there had yet been no 
results to tabulate, what was specifically aimed at. 

The average attendance at devotional meetings 
and Sunday afternoon addresses has been nearly 
forty. As there are over forty active members in 
the association, this showing is very poor and should 
shame those who cannot otherwise be induced to 
turn out more regularly to all the meetings. 

The Bible class, under President Hyde, is very 
popular and the attendance has steadily increased 
from twenty-five at the first to over fifty at the fourth 
meeting. The instruction is in the nature of com- 
ments by President Hyde on the meanings of 
passages bearing on the topic of the evening, as 
understood by the members of the class to whom the 
references are given. The class meets Tuesday 
evenings and is open to all members of the college. 

Three Bible-training classes of six members each 
are ready to begin work as soon as the notes by 
Messrs. Ober & Mott arrive, on which the study is 
to be based. 

The devotional committee has prepared some 
neat programmes of the term's meetings, of which 
they will see that each member of the college has 
one. The new meeting notices are in heavy type on 
yellow paper, and can hardly be passed by unob- 

The other committees reported simply the outlines 
of work they had adopted, and will liave some results 
to present in November. 

The Treasurer reported that $50 of the State 
Pledge of $60 was paid, and that about $60 remained 



in the treasury. The Y. M. C. A. is thus shown to 
be at present on a better financial basis than any 
other association in the college. The sui'plns is the 
remnant of the proceeds of last winter's lecture 

The following are the committees for the year, 
though the list is subject to changes : 

Devotional. Bible Study. 

LinsGOtt, Hardy, 

Nichols, Jackson, 



A. P. McDonald, 


Neighborhood Work. Finance. 

Riley, Jarvis, 

A. M. Merriman, Chapman, 

Mclntyre, Haggett. 



A. M. McDonald, 



The members of the association and students 
went in a body to hear the annual address before 
the Y. M. C. A. at the Congregational Church, 
Sunday, October 19th, and about one hundred and 
fifty occupied the seats reserved for them in the 
body of the house. The masterly treatment, by 
President Small, of the text, "Take heed lest there 
shall be any one that maketh spoil of you through 
his philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of 
men, after the rudiments of the world, and not after 
Christ," was listened to with closest attention and 
made a deep impression on his audience. 

At the State Convention at Lewiston, October 2-5, 
Bowdoin had the largest delegation — twenty-two. 
Papers were read by A. P. McDonald, Cilley, and 
J. D. Merriman. 

The suggestion by Professor Chapman, in his 
Sunday afternoon address, that tlie association should 
frankly go to many men in the college, whose whole 
training has been Christian, and urge them to unite 
with the association simply on the ground that it 
needs them, as is done in other college associations 
and for athletic teams, will be lieeded. 

The yearly dues have been raised to $1.50. 
Haggett is collecting them. 

In the Intercollegiate Tennis Tournament which 
took place at New Haven this month, Hovey of 
Harvard won first place in the singles, and Shaw and 
Chase of Harvard first place in doubles. 


Bowdoins, 40 ; Roxburys, 6. 

The Bowdoins opened the season of 1890 in 
Portland, October 15lh, with a game with the Roxbury 
Athletic Eleven. The college boys were evidently too 
strong for their opponents, and toward the close played 
rather too carelessly, allowing the Roxbury's to 
score during the last five minutes of play, when 
sharper play would have shut them out. On the 
whole, however, the Bowdoin's showed that they had 
strong material in the team, and at times did very 
good work. 

Summary of touchdowns : W.Hilton, 3; Packard, 
2; Newman, 2; Foss, 1; Tukey, 1. Goals— W. 
Hilton, 2. The Bowdoin team jjlayed as follows: 
Rush Line — Carleton, Tukey, Parker, Jackson, Bart- 
lett, Home, Downes ; Quarter Back — E. Hilton ; 
Half Back — Newman and Foss, Packard and Mann ; 
Full Back — W. Hilton. In the first half Downes was 
disqualified but returned in the second half. 

Bowdoins, 78 ; Second Eleven, 6. 

The First and Second Elevens played an interest- 
ing game on the Delta, October 22d. They lined up 
as follows : 

First Eleven. 

Second Eleven. 


Right End, 



Right Tackle, 


C. H. Hastings, 

Right Guard, 






Left Guard, 

( Riley 
i Shea. 


Left Tackle, 



Left End, 


E. Hilton, 

Quarter Back, 



Half Backs 




W. Hilton, 

Full Back, 

Pay son. 

The First Eleven scored easily from the first 
owing to the ineffectual blocking b}' the Second 
Eleven and good running around the ends, Hilton 
kicked only five goals, but almost every time he 
failed the First Eleven got the ball back, Carleton 
doing especially good work. Packard, Foss, and the 
Hiltons did good work behind the rush-line, which 
held well until during the last five minutes of play, 
when Foss, who had been transferred to the Second 
Eleven changing with Newman, forced the ball down 
the field in short rushes, and Payson got a touchdown 
and a goal just as time expired. Packard and 



W. Hilton both made runs of neai'ly half the field, 
aided by good blocking. 

Summary of touchdowns: Packard, 9; Foss, 3 ; 
W. Hilton, 3; Tukey, 1; Jackson, 1. Goals— W. 
Hilton, 5. Second Eleven — Payson, 1 ; Goal — Pay- 
son, 1. 

Harvard, 54; Boiodoin, 0. 

Bowdoin played her first game against Harvard, 
October 2oth, and made an unusually good showing, 
under the circumstances. They did their best play- 
ing in the second half, holding Harvard down to 
twelve points and coming within twelve yards of 
scoring themselves. The eleven is the heaviest 
which Harvard has j'et met and was acknowledged 
to have much strong material in its membership, 
but the team does not yet understand the game. 
Their principal weakness at Cambridge seemed to 
be in blocking and tackling, but with practice and 
experience they will improve, and certainly we have 
no reason to be ashamed of the showing made by 
our representatives against the strongest college 
team of the year. Tukey did especially fine work 
for tbe Bovvdoins, while Home and W. Hilton did 
good work ; Parker and Hastings also showed up 
well, and the center of the rush-line was our strong 
point. The Harvard backs, Lee, Sherwin, and 
Corbett, did all the work for their side, and not only 
ran around the ends and through the line with good 
effect, but also tackled the Bowdoin runners well 
behind the line. The teams played as follows i 

Harvard. Boiodoin. 

Fearing, L., 1. e. r. e., Carleton. 

Davis, l.t. r. t., Home. 

Alward, 1. 1. r. t., Downes. 

Heard, 1. g. r. g., Hastings. 

Blanchard, 1. g. pen., Jackson. 

Bangs, cen. 1. g., Parker. 

Cranston, r. g. 1. t., Tukey. 

Newell, r.t. 1. e., Stacey. 

Hallowell, r. e. 1. e., Newman. 

Dean, Quarter Back, E. Hilton. 

Sherwin, 1 j Foss. 

j^g > Half Backs, < Newman, 

' ) ( Smith. 

Corbett, Full Back, W. Hilton. 

Home and Stacey were slightly hurt and left the 
game, while Foss was disqualified. Heard and 
Davis also left the Harvard side before the game 
was played out. 

The fii'st half was rather one-sided. Bowdoin 
made a few gains by Tukey and Hilton, but could 
not hold them, and whenever Harvard got the ball, 
fine runs by Sherwin and Lee scored several touch- 
downs. Before time was called Lee had scored live 
times, Sherwin three times, and Newell once. 

Corbett kicked three goals. Score, 42, 0. In the 
second half a marked improvement was noticeable 
in Bowdoin's playing. They rushed the ball down the 
field two or three times, and almost scored. At the 
critical moment, however, the Harvard line braced 
and the ball was lost on four downs. More long 
runs scored two touchdowns, one by Sherwin, and 
one by Newell, from which Corbett kicked goals. 
Final score, 54, 0. 

Home got a black eye at Cambridge, and Staoey's 
ankle was turned. Neither was seriously injured, 

The boys are very hopeful after the showing made 
against Harvard, and expect to demonstrate their 
right to a place in the Intercollegiate League. The 
first game occurs Saturday, at Hanover, with Dart- 
mouth. Before the next Orient appears, champion- 
ship games with Williams at Portland, and with 
Amherst at Amherst, will also have been played. 
May the team have the best of good fortune. 

Manager Bangs has made arrangements for a 
game with Wesleyan, in Portland, Thursday. Wes- 
leyan is a member of the "big league," and the 
game will be worth seeing. 

The return of Stacey, '93, to college has strength- 
ened the eleven greatly, as he is an unusually good 
tackier, and valuable either at the end or behind the 
rush-line. C. H. Hastings has also returned and 
makes a strong addition to the line. 

At Mr. Dennison's request, we hasten to correct 
the statement made in the last Orient, that he had 
been captain of the Dartmouth eleven. He played 
on that team, but not as captain. 

A marked improvement may be noticed in the 
general play of the eleven since the arrival of the 
trainer, especially in the finer points of the game, 
and in blocking, tackling, and running. 

Manager Bangs has had some correspondence 
with the Tech. manager in regard to the unsettled 
date of the championship game between the two 
elevens. The Massachusetts men seem unwilling to 
play in Portland as late as was at first intended, but 
it is probable that the game will come off somewhere 
about Thanksgiving, if not on that day. 


The directors have voted to buy the canvas, which 
was last year put up around the Delta on base-ball 
days, from its owners, the Brunswick Base-Ball Club, 
and it may be regarded as a permanent institution 

The old traditional " first five men " will probably 
not be chosen this year, certainly not until next 



spring. A captain will be elected soon, and under 
his direction the candidates will train in the gj'mna- 
sium during the winter, and the nine will be picked 
out in the spring. 

A Mr. , from Pawtucket, li. I., has been 

interviewing Manager Drew with regard to inserting 
the records of last year's Bowdoin team in a book he 
is getting up, which will contain lliose of all promi- 
nent New England ball clubs. 

It is much to be regretted that the late scorer did 
not attend better to his business. After the generous 
offer of Mr. Jackson, to give a traveling bag to the 
player having the best average record at the end of 
the season, the scorer should have done his part and 
made out the records. As it is, he not only neglected 
to do that, but the book itself is missing so that no 
one else can do it. 


The barrel float, which the Canoe Club of the 
town had during the summer, has been brought back 
to the boat-house. 

It is understood that Lynam, stroke of last year's 
crew, who is now attending the Harvard Medical 
School, is very likely to be a member of the Harvard 
'Varsity crew next summer. 

'47.— W. C. Marshall is 
' President of the Belfast 
,rd of Trade. 

'65.— Hon. John B. Cotton has 
already won a high reputation in official 
circles, for the value of his services as As- 
sistant Attorney General of the United States, before 
the Court of Claims. He recently made a very happy 
defense of the government in a claim case involvino- 
hundreds of thousands of dollars, that attracted much 
attention. General Butler had an encounter with 
General Cotton, not long ago, in a flowage case, and 
is said to have humorously remarked, that Cotton was 
the first man he ever saw in the Attorney (ieneral's 
office who knew more about water than he did about 

'75.— Rev. George C. Cressey, for several years 
pastor of the Unitarian church in Bangor, has ac- 
cepted a call to the pastorate of the first Congrega- 

tional church of Salem, Mass. Mr. Cressey is a man 
of fine talents and a preacher of ability. 

'82. — Dr. W. O. Plympton was married, at Union, 
N. H., September 23d, to Harriet M. Stevens. They 
will reside at -15 West S-tth Street, New York. 

'83. — The Orient has the painful duty of announc- 
ing the death, on October 21st, of one of Bowdoins 
most promising young alumni, William S. Pearson 
of Minneapolis. W. S. Pearson, for the last four years 
clerk of the school board, died this morning at his 
residence, 1706 Groveland Avenue, by a complica- 
tion of diseases brought on by overwork. Mr. 
Pearson left his position last spring and went to his 
old home in Maine and to the sea-shore hoping to 
recover his health, but the effort was vain. He 
returned to this city in August and has been out very 
little since. His face was well known to the teachers 
in the city schools, and to all who did business with 
the school board, for to all these he had endeared 
himself by his unfailing kindness and courtesy. 
William Stacy Pearson was born at Bangor, Me., in 
1861. He graduated at Bowdoin College, Bruns- 
wick, Me., in 1883, and taught schools in Maine and 
at Denmark, Iowa. He came to Minneapolis from 
the latter point and taught in the night schools while 
he was reading law in the office of Seagrave Smith. 
He gave up the law to take the position that he held 
at his death — clerk of the school board. He soon 
attained a knowledge of the schools and of their 
needs that made him very valuable to the board. 
He was a member of the Odd Fellows and of the 
Modei'n Woodmen of America. I^ast winter symp- 
toms of Bright's disease began to manifest them- 
selves. This disease, complicated with heart trouble, 
caused his death. Mr. Pearson was a man who 
attracted people. He had numberless friends in the 
city, and the people whom he went out of his way to 
help are numerous. During his sickness, several 
men for whom he had secured work or whom he had 
befriended in an hour of need, called at his house and 
offered to turn over to him the better part of their 
wages or of their salaries, if he needed it. He had 
hardly an enemy, though he was a man of positive 
convictions and spoke out fearlessly what he thought 
was right. To him in part, at least, is due that 
economic and e.xcellent administration that has made 
the schools of Minneapolis noted. He leaves a wife 
and one child, a daughter two years of age. 

'87. — In the last issue we referred to the marriage, 
October 1st, of Harry B. Austin to Dora L. Hillman. 
On the 16th, the happy couple were given a grand 
wedding reception at Hotel Willows, Farmington. 
The hotel was beautifully decorated. The guests 
were first escorted by the ushers to the dressing 



rooms, then to the reception room where the many 
elegant and costly gifts were admired, tlien to the 
parlor where the bridal party were introduced. 
From the parlor the guests were escorted to the din- 
ing hall where a most delicious collation was served. 
After all were served, dancing was enjoyed. Mr. 
and Mrs. Austin received congratulations from a 
large circle of friends. 

'87. — M. H. Boutelle, who has been suifering from 
typhoid fever, is much better. 

'88. — F. K. Linscott has entered the Boston Uni- 
versity Law School. 

'88.— R. W. Godiug was admitted to the bar at 
the September term of the Supreme Judicial Court 
at Alfred. Mr. Goding was among the first in his 
class at the Boston University Law School. 


Alpha Delta Phi Hall, ? 

October 24, 1890. (, 

Whereaa, It has pleased a loving Father to re- 
move from us our greatly beloved and esteemed 
brother William S. Pearson, of the Class of 1883, 
be it 

Besolved, That, while humbly bowing to the will 
of our Divine Father, we do as a society recognize 
our great loss ; 

Resolved, That the heartfelt sympathy of the 
society be extended to the family of the deceased ; 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be sent 
to the family of the deceased and be published in the 
BowDoiN Orient. 

T. R. Croswell, '91, 

II. W. KljiBALL, '92, 

S. O. Baldwin, '93, 


College V/oM. 

Hereafter the University of the City of New 
York will admit women to the classes in the law 
course on the same conditions as men. 

A. A. Stagg, the great Yale base-ball pitcher, has 
discontinued his studies for the ministry and has been 
engaged as an atlilotic expert. 

Rev. Dr. W. L. Hayden, President of Adelbert 
College, has resigned, and Rev. Dr. Charles Throing, 
of Minneapolis, has been elected to fill the vacancy. 


Ann Aebok, October 13, 1890. 

Wright, kat & co., 

Mamu'actui'ing Jewelers, Detroit. 
Deak Sins : 

I received the D. K. E. pin to-day and can hardly tell 
you how pleased I am with it and the ti'ouble and pains 
you have taken to carry out my wishes. I consider it tlie 
finest piece of fraternity badge work I have ever seen. 
Yours sincerely, 

Edward Hurd Smith." 

(So ufim 

'OiE ° ^^O^T 



at low prices, send to 

IV. IV. Ellis, Stationer, 

Artistic Work a Specialty. 


T. J. FKOTHINGHAM, Proprietor, 
30 and 32 Temple Street, - - - PORTLAND, ME. 
Fine Work a specialty. 
J. W. & O. 1!. Pennell, Agents. 


Vol. XX. 


No. 9. 





T. S. Burr, 'i)l, Managing Editor. 

A. T. Brown, '91, Business Editor. 
L. A. Burleigh, '91. E. H. Neweegin, '91. 

H. S. Chapman, '91. B. D. Ridlon, '91. 

H. "W. Jarvis, '91. P. V. Gummer, '92. 

C. S. F. Lincoln, '91. C. W. Peaeody, '93. 

Per annum, in advance. 
Single Copies, 

15 cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at tlie boolistores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Editor. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Com- 
uiunicationsin regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

In contributing to the Orient assume a nom de, and 
affix it to each article contributed. Articles should be sent 
through the mail to the Managing Editor. Deposit with Mr. 
A. \V. Tolman a sealed envelope containing both your real and 
assumed name. 

Entered at the Post-Oflice at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 


Vol. XX., No. 9.— November 12, 1890. 

Editorial Notes 159 

Miscellaneous : 

The Chapel Panels 161 

My Friend and I, 162 

Open the Library Sunday 163 

Khyme and Keason: 

A Simile 104 

Woman's Wiles 164 

Vive le Roi, 104 

Our College Days 164 

Sine Dubio, 105 

Exchanges 165 

CoLLEGii Tabula, 165 

Athletics 168 

Y. M. C. A 170 

Personal 171 

In Memoriam, 172 

College World, 173 

The establishment at Bowdoin of 
a fund to be used in securing medical attend- 
ance for students in case of illness at college, 
is one of those charities which carries with it 
much more than the mere presentation of 
the money involves. It is still less than a 
year ago that death removed from our midst 
one whose high character and sterling prin- 
ciples had earned for him the love and 
respect of all his fellow-students, one whose 
example remains to be followed, with profit 
and advantage, by all who may come after him. 
In presenting this fund, Mrs. Godfrey estab- 
lishes a memorial of her son, whose interests 
were always so closely identified with the 
interests of the college and whose greatest 
pride it was to acknowledge Bowdoin as his 
Alma Muter. " Where is the fitness," says 
the donor of the gift in a letter to a member 
of the college, " in bestowing upon a college 
the title '■AlmaMater^ and ' cherishing mother,' 
if that college neglects the first privilege and 
duty of a mother, the care of her sons in days 
of illness ? " With the establishment of this 
fund, the college is invested with the duty 
of seeing that the student, in case of illness 
in his room, receives the best of medical 
advice and care, and it is hoped that no one 
will hesitate to claim the care thus so 
generously offered. 



JFHE Y. M. C. A. is one of the most pro- 
^ gressive of Bowdoin organizations to-day. 
Last winter a coarse of lectures given under 
the auspices of the college association, met 
with deserved success, and the plan of arrang- 
ing for a similar course, to be delivered during 
the coming term, should receive the hearty 
support of the student-body. Several of the 
Faculty have signified their willingness to 
further the enterprise by speaking on subjects 
connected with their several departments, 
and the management is in correspondence 
with other well-known lecturers whose sub- 
jects would doubtless prove of interest to 
student listeners. In years past an interest- 
ing lecture course during the winter term 
has been painfully lacking at Bowdoin, and 
the energy and enterprise of the Y. M. C. A. 
in arranging for such a course deserves liberal 
encouragement and co-operation. 

IN displaying that placard in chapel, Mon- 
day morning, somebody was guilty of a 
mean piece of business. There was no mani- 
festation of wit or originality, and the only 
apparent purpose in the whole affair was to 
breed ill-feeling, and break down the friendly 
relations which have, up to this time, existed 
between the two lower classes. If the placard 
was placed in the chapel by upperclassmen, 
it was done at a sacrifice of dignity and self- 
respect ; if by Freshmen it showed a tendency 
to abuse the privileges conceded them by 
the Sophomore class, and an attempt to take 
advaiitage of existing circumstances, to heap 
ridicule upon the very class that has so far 
accorded them the treatment which one man 
deserves and expects from another. Who- 
ever the perpetrators may have been, their 
conduct was certainly of a contemptible 
nature, and merits severe reproach. 

our record has not been a brilliant one, yet to 
those who are acquainted with the true facts 
of the case, the outlook is by no means dis- 
couraging. This year Bowdoin, knowing 
practically nothing of the game, went into the 
field against colleges which have played Rug- 
by ever since its introduction to American 
soil. As was to be expected superior skill has 
thus far triumphed over superior strength, 
and the lowest place in the league will in all 
probability fall to our lot this year. But if 
Bowdoin is unable to win games this fall she 
can win experience, and experience gained 
is a long step toward a stronger team another 
season. Although a number of our best 
players are in the graduating class, the 
prospects of foot-ball are much brighter 
than they were a year ago. A well organ- 
ized second eleven is behind the first team, 
and the formation of class elevens will do 
much to foster the foot-ball interests. The 
old players who will remain in college next 
year will form a strong nucleus for a team in 
'91, and with good training and sufficient 
financial support, added to the experience of 
a year in the field, it seems as though Bowdoin 
ought to play an interesting game when her 
second season comes round. 

WHAT is practically Bowdoin's first foot- 
ball season is fast drawing to a close. 
Although from the standpoint of an outsider 

'B'G-AIN it becomes the sad office of the 
/^ Orient to record the death of a young 
man with bright prospects for a brilliant 
future, a student at Bowdoin in the class 
of "92. Fred D. Mace, of Yarmouth, fitted 
for college at the Yarmouth High School, 
entering the Freshman class at Bates in tlie 
fall of 1888. He completed the first half of 
his course at that institution, and then came 
to Bowdoin, entering this year in tlie Junior 
class. Although a student at Bowdoin but 
a few months. Mace, by his genial manner 
and courteous bearing toward his fellow- 
students, had already made many firm friends 
among his college associates, and established 



a warm place for himself in the hearts of all 
who knew him best. In his death the college 
mourns the loss of a faithful, earnest sup- 
porter, his class the loss of one whose best 
endeavors were always put forward in further- 
ance of its best interests and welfare. The 
Orient voices the sentiments of the Junior 
class and of the college in tendering the 
bereaved friends and relatives its heart-felt 
sympathy iu the hour of their sad bereave- 

TfP TO this time the Orient has maintained 
^ a judicious silence in regard to the matter 
of finance. In this issue we wish to call the 
attention of subscribers to the fact that the 
Okient is running at a considerable expense 
to the editorial board, and that an influx of 
funds would be hailed with delight by the 
headof thebusinessdepartment. The Orient 
does not believe in the principle of duns, and 
it is to avoid adun from the office of our pub- 
lishers that we insert this little hint to those 
whose names are upon our subscription and 
advertising lists. 



The Chapel Panels. 
TTTHE students of Bowdoin have every 
■^ reason to be proud of their chapel. It 
is acknowledged by all to be one of the most 
unique and beautiful college chapels in the 
country, and the beauty of its architectural 
plan is greatly heightened by the series of 
panels which adorn the walls. There are 
twelve panels in all, six on each side, and 
nine of these are now filled with paintings, 
those on the north wall representing New 
Testament scenes, and those on the south 
wall, only three in number, illustrative of 
Old Testament events. It is now thirty-five 

3'ears since the first panel was filled. It is 
the one nearest the pulpit on the south wall, 
representing " Paul at Mars Hill." It was 
the gift of Mrs. .Tared Sparks, of Cambridge, 
and was finished in 1855. This and the 
second panel, " Peter and John at the Beau- 
tiful Gate," painted in the following year, 
are copies of Raphael's famous Hampton 
Court cartoons. " Peter and John " was 
given by Mr. Timothy Walker, whose name 
the picture gallery bears. In 1858 " The 
Adoration " was painted. It is a copy of a 
German painting by Cornelius. Some doubt 
seems to attach to the origin of this gift, 
though Hon. Bellamy Storer was probably 
the donor. 

The fourth panel, the one at the west 
end of the chapel, was filled in 1860 by the 
" Annuiiciation." This picture was painted 
practically from the proceeds of the sale of 
Titian's " Danae and the Golden Shower," 
formerly in the Bowdoin collection of 
pictures, and sold by order of the boards. 
Hon. Nathan Cummings advanced the 
money for the panel, and was given a bill 
of sale for the " Danae." 

The class of 1866 presented the "Michael 
and the Dragon," a copy of one of Raphael's 
paintings. Mrs. William Perry presented 
" The Transfiguration," in 1877, in memory 
of her husband. At the sanae time and by 
the same painter were added the " Baptism 
of Jesus " and " The Giving of the Ten 
Commandments by Moses." The first was 
given by the citizens of Brunswick, in 
memory of the late Dr. John D. Lincoln of 
the class of 1843, and the latter painting 
was the donation of the class of 1881. In 
1887 the ninth panel was filled by the addition 
of " Adam and Eve," a copy of a painting by 
Flandrin. This was the result of Mr. Henry 
J. Furber's ('59) generosity, and is the 
latest addition made. 

A great increase in the beauty and 
attractiveness of the chapel has resulted 



from the filling of these panels. With one 
side of the building already filled and the 
other half finished, the vacant spaces become 
even more conspicuous than formerly. Two 
classes have already left behind them memo- 
rials of their love for the college, which will 
last as long as the noble old building which 
they adorn. Why would it not be practi- 
cable for the classes now in college to follow 
in their steps and help to beautify and com- 
plete our chapel ? For it is not yet reall}' 
completed. The idea of the architect called 
for the presence of twelve paintings on the 
walls, and until these are all there the build- 
ing is unfinished. In no way could our 
graduating classes leave behind them memo- 
rials which would be more pleasing to the 
students who come after. A beautiful 
picture is an education in itself, and cannot 
but impress itself upon those who see it 
every day. 

Let future graduates think it over, and 
see if they cannot afford the two or three 
dollars apiece, to add so much to the beauty 
of the chapel and the pleasure of the hun- 
dreds and thousands of students yet to come. 

My Friend and I. 

A Few Hours in the Library. 

a OO, Fred, you wish me to show you the 
f^ library? You are fortunate iu coming 
this afternoon, as I have no recitations, and 
so would like nothing better. Here we are. 
This desk is where all the charging is done. 
The boys do it themselves, and the whole 
library is free for us to go where we wisli ; 
but they have one rather arbitrary rule, that 
a person can take out but three books at a 
time. I suppose they are afraid that the 
.students cannot bear the strain of reading 
or consulting for reference more tlian three 
volumes at once. So considerate ! 

"Here is where the new books are put. 
If one keeps his eyes on these shelves and 

reads carefully the ' Critic ' and the ' Literary 
Review,' he can keep quite well in touch 
with the literature of the day. 

" Lord Lytton ! How one's pulse thrills 
when he hears that name. How vividly 
one recalls the evenings spent in poring 
over these fascinating novels, ' Eugene 
Aram,' ' Rienzi,' ' The Mysterious Story,' 
what pleasures of the mind they conjure 
up. ' Zanoni,' — one should read it at the 
same time with Dickens' ' Tale of Two 
Cities.' They treat of the same time. 
Read together the last chapters of each 
and see how differently the two writers 
treat of the guillotine and its horrors. 

" Did you ever notice how curious this 
book is? Page after page is filled with 
quotations drawn from the entire field of 
ancient literature. Burton must have spent 
a life-time on his 'Anatomy of Melancholy.' 
" Of course you read Tolstoi — his latest 
book at any rate. Was it not foolish for 
Wanamaker to exclude it from the mails ? 
The action of the Brooklyn school committee 
in refusing to allow Longfellow's ' Launch- 
ing of the Ship ' to be read in the public 
schools on account of its immorality, is a 
little worse perhaps; but they may be 
classed in the same category. 

" See how well this book is worn. Evi- 
dently it has been a favorite among the 
students. Walt Whitman ! a poet ? I think 
so, though many doubt it. There is beauty 
amid the rubbish, a diamond in the dust 
heap. Just listen to this : 
" ' Smile, O voluptuous, cool-breathed earth, 

Earth of the slumbering and liquid trees; 

Earth of departed sunset! Earth of the moun- 
tains, misty-topt ; 

Earth of the vitreous pour of the full moon, just 
tinged with blue; 

Earth of shine and dark, mottling the tide of the 
river ; 

Eiirth of the limpid gray of clouds; 

Far-swooping elbowed earth! Rich apple-blos- 
somed earth. 

Smile, for your lover comes.' 



" Is not that a spark of true poetic fire ? 

" Here is an author I enjoy, Donald G. 
Mitcliell ; but his two best books, ' Dream 
Life ' and ' The Reverses of a Bachelor,' are 
not in the library. They should be secured, 
I think. 

"Are 3'ou a lover of nature — read 
' Walden.' It almost tempts one to take 
himself away from the bustle of the world 
and to live in the solitude of the ' forest 
primeval,' alone with Nature and with 
God. If you love poetry, you ought to 
carry with you always Palgreave's ' Treasury 
of Songs and Lyrics.' It is inspiring to 
read some of the beautiful poems in it. 

" Life is no longer of the earth, earthy ; 
but of heaven, heavenly. Then here is 
Halleck, Drake, and Thomas Campbell. 'The 
Culprit Fay,' Burns, and ' Pleasures of Hope' 
are gems of finest poetry. Don't you like to 
read poetry aloud to yourself? I do. The 
sweep of the rhythm and the power of the 
thought then seems to penetrate your whole 
mind, and to wind themselves into the in- 
nermost recesses of 3'our soul. 

"By the wa}'', do you know what Halleck 
said of Thomas Campbell ? Halleck and 
Drake were out fishing one day, and Halleck 
said : ' Do you know what heaven would be 
to me. It would be to loll on a rainbow 
and read Tom Campbell.' I could say that 
myself if I put the poems of Owen 
Meredith in place of those of Campbell. 
How richly has the mantle of the father 
descended to the son ! 

" How, in ' Lucile,' he touches every 
phase of human life ! How grand the imag- 
ery ! How — what? It is time to close the 
library ? Why, I haven't shown you a tenth 
of it. But come some other time, Fred. 
Well, good-bye." 

James Neilson, city treasurer of New Brunswick, 
N. J., has presented to Rutgers College coiivenioiit 
aud spacious athletic grounds. 

Open the Library Sunday. 

PROGRESSIVE times demand progressive 
movements. What a half -a century ago 
would have not been thought of, to-day 
excites no comment. In no place is this 
more true than in college life, and in the 
belief that the progressiveness of the college 
demands it, I ask : "Why could we not have 
the library open Sunday afternoons ? " From 
some, at first thought, this will call forth 
disapproval ; but to others, those who have 
often thought of it and spoken concerning 
it, the question will be welcome. For many 
of the students, Sunday is about the only 
day which they have for reading, and 
especially for reading the unrent number of 
the magazines. As it is now these maga- 
zines are taken out by a few Saturday night, 
and the large majority have no opportunity 
to read them Sunday afternoons. If the 
library was open and the magazines kept in 
their places, a far larger number of the stu- 
dents could be accommodated. 

Then a student can read better when in 
the library. The vi^hole atmosphere is con- 
genial. He is in the midst of books and 
seems to breathe their spirit. There is 
nothing pleasanter than a quiet nook of the 
library nor any place better fitted for reading 
intelligently. One's own room, with the 
noise of the end, and the disturbance of 
numerous visitors, is no comparison. We 
make this only as a suggestion, but think 
it worth the serious consideration of those 
who have the library in charge. 

The Yale University Base-Ball Association cleared 
over io.OOO last season. 

The students of Lehigh will not be able to boast 
of their conquests among the "college widows" in 
their college town. Twenty-eight young ladies have 
formed a society to discourage the attention of the 
college boys, and for the first time in the history of 
the college the attention of college "men" will not 
be welcomed. — Boston Journal. 



Rl^yme and Reaeon. 

A Simile. 

Amid a cool and darksome wood alone I stray, 
And, though the leafy canopy shuts out the heat of 

My terrible burning thirst is no more satisiied 
Than if I trod the desert spreading far and wide ; 
Until, at length, where graceful ferns sway to and 

I find beside a mossy knoll with silent flow 
A clear cool fountain gushing forth, from which I 

Drink deeply, then refreshed go on my toilsome 

Time passes, tarrying where sweet waters are not 

My thoughts do often wander toward that shaded 

Whence flowed the rill that did the work destined by 

In lessening human ills, and being pure and good. 
Returning to that spot, anticipating joy 
In once more tasting water pure without alloy, 
I find the rill diverted from its former course. 
Absorbed in neighboring filthy marsh, a fertile source 
Of foul disease. Thence quickly I my steps re- 
With heavier heart, and never visit more that place. 
Along the shadowy strand of life I go apace. 
And every hour my fellow-men meet face to face. 
My yearning heart is lonely, tired, sin-sick, worn. 
As if 'twere really solitude in which I mourn ; 
Until amid the countless throng I meet each day 
In crowded church, in busy mart, or public way, 
I find a heart that beats in sympathy with minCi 
A friend upon whose breast when sad I may recline. 
We part with tears, and often in a foreign land 
Aff'eclions old return, a flame by distance fanned. 
That love which once had made a purer, belter man 
Of me, and helped accomplish God's most perfect 

At length, the sea re-crossed, with strangely heaving 

I think to grasp the hand of him, a friend, my best ; 
Alas! I find his former love is now forgot. 
The affections of his heait bestowed on what is 

naught ; 
His better nature dee))ly liiddcn in woi-ldly dross. 
I plead, no change, I leave forever tlie friend I've 


Woman's Wiles. 


Two snowy arms around his neck, 
Two rosy lips to his upturned; 

The outcome he ne'r stopped to reck, 
A kiss he knew was what she yearned. 

Two snowy arms around his neck, 

Two rosy lips to his upturned ; 
The outcome, now he stopped to reck, 
He knew it was a check she yearned. 

Vive !e Roi ! 

Northward the noonday shadows reach 
To greet the ice-clad King, — 

The pines, the maples, elms, and oaks 
All north their shadows fling. 

Now flys the leaf before the blast. 
Like hare before the hound. 

Or, like the ostrich, seeks to hide 
Its face upon the ground. 

And all the knights of Summer's court 

Must kneel again to-day 
On frozen ground, and bow their heads, 

Confessing Winter's sway. 

Our College Days. 


Our college days how swift they fly. 
Like clouds across a summer sky. 
We scarce have entered ere we go 
From the familiar scenes we know. 
The fortunes of the world to try. 
So throughout life as oft' we sigh 
For the old days now long gone by. 
Ah ! would that more of life were so. 
Our college days. 

Joys which all care and grief defy. 
Friendships bound fast by many a tie. 
E'en though our locks be while as snow 
And cheeks have lost their youthful glow. 
We'll sing thy praises till we die. 
Our college days. 



Sine Dubio. 

They may talk about Psychology, 
The pleasures of Geology, 
Or depths of Antiirojjology 
That drive you to the wall. 
But any man in College he 
Will tell you that Zoology 
And mystical Biology 
Are rarest of them all. 


The last number of the Colby Echo is of the usual 
merit, and for a. piece de renistance contains an article 
entitled "Scott's Estimate of Cromwell," and one, 
"From Chaucer to Spencer." In one respect the 
Eclio is hardly on a level with the average high- 
school journal, for it is sadly addicted to the habit of 
heading its "local" column with such refreshing 
little squibs as "Cuts!!" "Roll Jordan, roll," "Are 
you sure she is engaged ?" etc. But it has a virtue, 
the importance of which cannot be overestimated, 
that is that it is first, last, and every time for the 
college that it represents. In the matter of college 
spirit we know of no journal which surpasses it. 

The 7T/rt(/2.s-o»c//.'i(.s- continues its attractive feature of 
presenting to its readers portraits of men promi- 
nently identified with Colgate University. 

The Bates Student shudders in anticipation of the 
long list of mangled victims which it predicts will 
result from the foot-ball games and cane rushes, and 
from a high place in the synagogue holds up its 
hands in holy horror that such "beastly perform- 
ances" should be tolerated in an enlightened coni- 
numity. We acknowledge that the atmosphere of 
the Lewiston college is a salutary one, to say the 
least. The most exciting event we know of as hap- 
pening there was the " Wild Night on Mt. David" 
(so graphically described by the Lewislon Journal). 
which we believe resulted in the suspension of a 
whole class during the summer vacation. 

The Columbia College Advisory Committee on 
athletics has voted to appropriate $1,100 for the 
expenses of this year's foot-ball eleven. 

An endowment of $100,000 has been raised by the 
women of Baltimore for the new Woman's Medical 
School, to be established in connection with Johns 
Hopkins University. 



Pickard, '94, is at home on account 
of illness. 

About one hundred students at- 
tended the Williams-Bowdoin foot-ball 
game in Portland. 

Professor Wells is a member of the A. K. E. fra- 

Ingalls, '88, stopped over last Sunday at the 

Dearth and Merrill, '87, were in town Sunday, 
November 2d. 

Spear, '94, will probably not return to college, on 
account of ill health. 

Burr, '91, has been at home for a week past, 
owing to trouble with his eyes. 

The '68 prize speakers have been announced as 
follows : Burleigh, Burr, Chapman, Dyer, Erskine, 

Dudley and Poor, '91, who have been teaching in 
the Pembroke High School, returned to college this 

Professor Whittier is engaged in making tabula- 
tions and statistics from the Freshmen Anthropo- 
metric charts. 

Mr. Daniel Evans, who took a special course at 
Bowdoin last year, has recently been ordained to the 
Congregational church at Camden, Maine. 

Last Tuesday evening Professor Lee delivered a 
lecture on "Shell Deposits in Casco Bay" in the 
court room, before the Pejepscot Historical Society. 

Pugilists are pugilists, whate'er their environ- 
ments. The pugilists last week were Colhren and 
Randall, '92; the environments, the chemical labora- 

Professor Robinson's chemistry note-books have 
proved very valuable, and belter results seem to have 
been attained thus far than under the old system of 
note taking. 

Work on the observatory is progressing rapidly, 
and it now begins to assume the form designed for it 



by the architect. The outside of the building will 
be completed before the issuino; of another Orient. 

The Seniors had a couple of adjourns in Psychol- 
ogy last week, paid for in the coin of a pretty stiff 
examination paper on belief, unbelief, doubt, and 
reason, which they were required to prepai-e in 

The following delegates from are in attendance 
at the annual A. K. E. convention held in New York 
under the auspices of the A. K. E. alumni association 
of that city : Mahoney, Scales, Dyer, and Nelson, '91 ; 
Payson, '93. 

The following members of '92 attended the 
funeral of their late classmate, Fred D. Mace, at 
Yarmouth Junction, Tuesday, November 11th : 
Wood, Lazelle, Mclntyre, Hull, Wathen, A. M. 

Burr, '91, recently acted as umpire in a foot-ball 
game between the Maine State College and Bangor 
High School elevens. The High Schools won by a 
score of 14 to 0. This does not necessarily imply 
any relations of cause and effect. 

The recent commitment of William Condon to the 
Insane Asylum at Augusta was a painful surprise to 
the students. The old man has been a familiar figure 
on Bowdoin's campus for many years past, and the 
faithful knight of the spade will be much missed. 

This is what occurred in the Junior History Divis- 
ion a few days ago : X Striker (slightly muddled) — 
" According to the Salic law a woman couldn't 
become — er— er — " Malicious Neighbor {sottovoce) — 
"A king!" X Striker (confidently) — "A king!" 

The Professor thought that Denny's definition of 
granite was worthy of preservation in the archives 
of the college, and that it wouldn't have required a 
stenographer to have followed him, either. Why is 
it that '91 men have been smoking so many' cigars 
of late ? 

A face dai'k with hereditary tan, but a shade paler 
than of yore, now haunts the streets of Brunswick. 
'Tis Whisker, an alumnus of the Portland jail. Let 
us hope that during his confinement his mind 
absorbed wisdom as readily as his fingers formerly 
absorbed booty, and that his little period of inactivity 
will have a salutary effect upon him. 

Me.ssrs. J. D. Merriman and Kimball have placed 
themselves in the front rank of Bowdoin pedestrians 
by cstablisliiiig a record which will probably remain 
undisputed for this season, at least. They walked 
from here to Portland recently, a distance of 30 
miles, in (i hours and h minutes, including a couple 
of wayside pauses for refreshments. Next ! 

The Glee Club are considering the scheme of 
making a tour in Maine, New Hampshire, and Massa- 
chusetts the coming Christmas vacation. Such a trip 
would include the giving of concerts in a few towns in 
each of the above-named States, and would undoubt- 
edly prove enjoyable to the members of the club. 
The financial success js of course problematical. 

We learn that the fund so generously donated by 
Mr. and Mrs. Godfrey, which is to be devoted to 
securing medical attendance, and if necessary trained 
nurses for students sick in college, represents their 
son Henry's accumulations and savings, which he 
had laid aside for philanthropic purposes. It is 
another and a touching proof of his unselfish life, 
and noble, generous heart. 

The subjects for the last themes of the term, due 
November 19th, are as follows: Juniors — 1. "Does 
the Tariff of 1890 Consult the. Best Interests of the 
Country?" 2. " Medieval and Modern Universities 
Compared"; 3. "What Gives Dr. Jekyll and Mr. 
Hyde its Peculiar Fascination?" Sophomores — 1. 
" The Condition of Politics in New York City"; 2. 
"Maine's Ship-building Industry"; 3. "'The Cot- 
ter's Saturday Night ' of Robert Burns." 

Well, well ! He is a very recent alumnus of Bow- 
doin, too ! We have it on the best of authority that 
during the intermission at a dance a few evenings 
ago he invited a young lady to partake of a cream. 
That's all right and very commendable ; but after the 
consumption of the dainties two checks were pre- 
sented and he settled for one of them. Of course it 
must have been the young lady's, and of course she 
must have appreciated his genei'osity, for she settled 
for the other. 

Halloween night was observed by the Sophomores 
in the usual manner. Bonfires and broken windows 
were the order of the night. The boys seemed to 
think that the Orient office needed ventilation, and 
very considerately broke out every square of glass 
in every one of its windows. This all goes down on 
the average repairs, we suppose; but next time, 
boys, beware how you tamper with the sanctum 
sanctissimorum. The Orient sporting editor is a 
bold, bad Chap. Once arouse his ire and you'll carry 
home living evidences of the need of average rejjairs 
that won't figure in your term bills. 

The alumnus, who suggested a new Bowdoin 
yell in our last i.ssue, writes us in the following 
honeyed terms: "Your punctuation of my yell 
exhibits an amusing egotism on the pai't of the 
Orient Board, in that it makes the Orient the 
prominent feature of the yell. The design was to 
have a so-called two-line yell, and to emphasize the 



word Bowdoiii, by the use of several descriptive 
words, words that are peculiarly Boivdoiri's, which 
should have the etfeet of a climax and also the ora- 
torical force of a I'obust and ringins; series of Bs. 
Thus : 

'Rah 'Ball 'Rah ! 'Bah 'Bah 'Rah ! Bowdoin ! Bowdoiii ! 
Orient, Bugle, Brunswiclj, Bowdoiu ! 

On the morning of November 5th some turkey 
bones, cranberry sauce, biscuits, and the viscera of 
some one's downy mattress, proclaimed to the college 
that '93 had enjoyed a turkey supper. The interest- 
ing event took place in the Faculty room on the 
preceding night and was most enjoyable and com- 
plete in all its details, so say the '9o men. To be 
sure, the Juniors have all along openly avowed tliat 
they had no intention of keeping watch for these 
anticipators of Thanksgiving; to be sure, there had 
elapsed more than tlie period of six weeks which 
college custom grants to Sophomores who wish to 
make valid the title "turkey supper," but what of 
that? It is merely a question of the application of 
the definite or the indefinite article. Shall it be called 
a or the turkey supper ? 

One day last week a '94 namesake of one of 
our illustrious poets was seen making for the 
library in hot haste, leaving a trail of liglit behind 
him due to the rapid friction of his impetuous foot- 
steps upon tlie gravel o'er which he sped. His 
Thanatopsian locks streamed wildly in the breeze, 
for he was hatless. He burst into the library with 
that undampened ardor so characteristic of '94, and 
a look of infinite content rested upon his countenance 
as he descried Professor Johnson coming his way. 
He made known his difficulty to the Professor, who 
tlioughtthat he could furnish a key to the problem. 
Mounting his bicycle, the Professor started for South 
Maine, accompanied by the Freshman, who had now 
modified his lightning pace to a gentle dog trot. 
Everybody's face looked happy as they followed the 
progress of the two toward South Maine. Once 
there, the Professor unlocked the door of the recita- 
tion room, Br , the Freshman, slipped in and 

secured his hat, and everything was or ought to 
have been serene again on the Potomac. 


Third Half-yearly Canadian Agriculturist Word 
Competition— ^5,000 to be Given Away. 

The third great Word Competition for the " Cana- 
dian Agriculturist and Home Magazine," Canada's 
great and popular Home and Farm Journal, is now 
open. The following magnificent prizes will be given 
free to persons sending in the greatest number of 

words made up out of the letters contained in the 
two words, "The Agriculturist." 

1st Prize $1,000 in Cold 

2d " $500 in Gold 

3d " $1,000 Grand Piano 

4th " $500 Piano 

5tli " $300 Organ 

6lli " Ticket to England and return 

7th " Lady's Gold Watch 

8th " Gent's Gold Watch 

9th " China Tea Set 

10th " Hunting Case Silver Watch 

11th " Boy's Silver Watch 

25 prizes of $10 each. 50 prizes of $5 each. 100 
prizes of $2 each. 200 prizes of $1 each. Mak- 
ing a total 38(5 prizes, the value of which will 
aggregate $5000. This Grand Word-Making Com- 
petition is open to everybody, everywhere, subject 
to the following conditions : The words must be 
constructed from the two words " The Agriculturist." 
and must be only such as may be found in Webster's 
Unabridged Dictionai-y, and in the body of the book, 
none of the suppliment to be used. The words must 
be written in ink on one side of the paper only, and 
numbered in rotation, 1, 2, 3, and so on to the end of 
the list, for facilitating in deciding the winners. The 
list containing the largest number of words will be 
awarded first prize, and so on in the order of merit. 
Each list as it is received at the ofiice of the "Cana- 
dian Agriculturist" will be numbered, and if two or 
more tie on the largest list, the first received will be 
awarded the first prize, the next second and so on. 
Therefore the benefit of sending in early will readily 
be seen. Each list must be accompanied by $1 for 
six months' subscription to the " Canadian Agricultu- 
rist." One person can send in one or more lists, 
accompanying each list with $1, for which the paper 
will be sent to any address for six montlis. The best 
family paper in Canada. It is by no means a new 
paper, but has been established upwards of seven 
yeai's, and each year grows in the estimation of the 
subscriber. It contains no trashy, highly colored 
fiction, but has interesting stories of a higher class 
by the most popular authors of the day. It is emi- 
nently the paper for the liome circle, and at $2 a 
year is the cheapest and best paper in the market. 
This competition will commence now and remain open 
for three months. Remember, you are paying $1 for 
six months' subscription to one of the best home 
papers in Canada, and at the same time run a good 
chance of winning a valuable prize. Every one send- 
ing a list of not less than twenty words will receive 
a present. 

Agents Wanted. — The object of the publisher 



of the "Canadian Agriculturist" in giving away 
these large amounts in cash, is to extend the circu- 
lation of the paper, and a number of agents are 
required in every locality, to whom liberal pay will 
be oflered. Send three cent stamp for full par- 
ticulars as to clubbing rates, etc. Address, The 
Canadian Agriculturist, Peterborough, Ontario. 


Dartmouth, 42; Bowdoin, 0. 

The result of the first championship game was a 
great and painful disappointment to Bowdoin sup- 
porters. After the showing made against Harvard, 
and in practice, we had good reason to expect better 
things of the team. The newspaper reports kindly 
informed us that the victory was not a walli-over, and 
that Dartmouth had to fight hard for her advantage, 
but the fact remains that we were unable to score, 
while Dartmouth did so without apparent difficulty. 
Although a victory was not expected, and was 
hoped for, only by the most sanguine, we had a right 
to expect the team to score, once at least, and its 
failure to do so, shows that something is very far 
wrong. The old failure to tackle runners, so evident 
at Cambridge, was once more the apparent cause of 
our defeat. The team ought to have learned a lesson 
from the Harvard game. Their complete failure to 
do so is discouraging. It is true that several of our 
best players were unavoidably absent, but those who 
played ought by this time to have made some ad- 
vance in their blocking and tackling, in the practice 
they have received. It seeiiis to us that more games 
should have been played with superior teams, though 
the difficulty of arranging such games must be rec- 
ognized. But until the Bowdoin team learns how to 
stop the backs from going around their ends and 
making runs of 40, 50, (50, or 70 yards, they will 
never win a game. Perhaps, after the result at Han- 
over, they may be induced to pay some slight atten- 
tion to tliis matter. 

The Game. 
The teams lined up as follows : 
Darlmonth. Boivdoin. 

Trice, r. e. 1. e., Cothren. 

Folsom.r. t. 1. t., Tukey. 

Stanley, r. g. 1. g., Parker. 

.Jone.s, cen. cen., Jackson. 

Little, I. g. r. g., Hastings. 

Lakeman, 1. 1. 
Hall, I.e. 
Weeks, / 
Weston, ! 

, t., Home. 
. e., Carleton. 

E. Hilton. 

( Foss, 

I Newman, 

W. M. Hilton. 


Referee — Ramsey, 

Quarter Back, 

Half Backs, 

Full Back, 
Umpire — Bates, of Harvard; 

Bowdoin started with the ball and gained fifteen 
yards with the V. It was soon lost on four downs, 
however. Dartmonth forced the ball back losing it on 
off-side play, however. Bowdoin was unable to 
make any gain, and along run by Weston, secured 
a touchdown and a goal — 6, 0. The failure of Bow- 
doin to gain gave their opponents the ball again, 
and it was rushed down the field, Weston finally 
scoring a touchdown and Norton a goal. 

At this point Ide took Weeks's place at half-back. 
Again Bowdoin lost the ball through inability to gain 
and rushes by Weston and Ide. Lakeman made a 
third touchdown, but no goal was kicked — 16,0. 
Bowdoin gained considerable ground, but lost the 
ball which changed hands several times, Dartmouth 
slowly gaining, however. Bowdoin was forced to 
make a safety and the score rose to 18. Hilton 
kicked, but Norton rushed it back, and after some hot 
fighting in Bowdoin's territory the ball was rushed 
across, and a goal kicked. Score, 24 to 0. Time 
was soon called with the ball in the center. 

Early in the second half Ide was hurt and re- 
placed by Geiger. Bowdoin again showed her ina- 
bility to make an}' gain, and Dartmouth scored a 
touchdown by Weston, after several short rushes, 
30, 0. Failure to gain led Hilton to carry the ball back, 
but fouling, lost it. Again it changed hands several 
times, but West finally made a long and brilliant 
run, scoring a touchdown, from which Norton kicked 
a goal, 36, 0. After some more hard fighting in the 
center, Norton got the ball and rushing through the 
entire Bowdoin team scored again, 42, 0. Time was 
soon after called. 

Williams, 50; Bowdoin, 0. 
If anything was needed to demonstrate the fact 
that the Bowdoin's do not yet know the game of foot- 
ball it was furnished by the game of October 5th, 
in Portland. They had apparently nearly, if not 
quite as heavy a team as Williams, but neither their 
weight nor their training did them an}' good. They 
played without the least head-work. No attempt was 
made at blocking ofl' during the whole game, and 
when a man did manage to get around tlie end he 
was all alone and fell an easy victim to the Williams' 
tacklers. The men from Massachusetts showed a 
much better acquaintance with the game and played 



with infinitely more snap and dash. Bowdoin sim- 
ply w:(s not in it from the slavt. Williams made 
most of hei- long gains by the criss-cross which our 
men were apparently powerless to check. They also 
sent runners through our line at will, especially 
between the right guard and tackle, where we were 
weak. Toward the close cif the game thei-e was 
altogether too much slugging ou both sides and sev- 
eral men were disqualified. It is impossible to say 
who began it or who did the most, but no one who 
saw the game will deny that the Williams never 
were more proficient at it. Several of our men 
being badly cut, while the only Williams man who 
got hurt was accidently injured. Owing to defective 
advertising, or rather no advertising at all, a very 
small crowd was in attendance, not more than five 
or six hundred, many of them Bowdoin and Bruns- 
wick boys. The teams lined up as follows : 

Williams. Bowdoin. 

Bigelow, r. e. 1. e., Cothren, Bartlett. 

Cluett, r. t. 1. t., Tukey. 

Sawtelle, r. g. 1. g., Jack.son. 

Allen, cen. cen., Smith. 

Hotchklss, 1. g. r. g., Hastings. 

Nelson, 1. 1. 




Lafayette, "Wentworth, I. e. r 




Quarter Back, 

E. Hilton 

A. Garfield,) 
Street, } 
I. Garfield, ) 

Half Backs, 

f W. M. Hilton 

[ Wilson. 


Full Back, 


Smith (Dartmouth), Referee; Merrill (Yale), Umpire. 

Williams gained fifteen yards on the kick-off. but 
Hall soon fumbled. Bowdoin got the ball but could 
not gain and lost on four downs. Street and- Garfield 
made good gains through the center of five yards 
two or three times. Garfield then got in a good run 
and a touchdown, from which Brown kicked a pretty 
goal, 6, 0. Bowdoin started out with a fifteen yard 
gain by Smith but was again held and lost on four 
downs. Hall and Downs then exchanged punts with- 
out material gain. Williams then ran the ball down 
the field, Street and Garfield working the criss-cross 
for five or ten yards several times. Street finally 
carried the ball over; goal, 12, d. Bowdoin gained 
five yards but lost on four downs. Williams made 
some good gains but Street fumbled and Bowdoin 
got the ball. After a gain of five yards by W. M. Hil- 
ton, E. Hilton fumbled and the ball was lost. Hall 
and Garfield now made several gains directly through 
our line at right tackle who could not hold, (xar- 
field went round the end, made a long run of twenty 
yards and touched down ; no goal, 16, 0. 

Bowdoin was again unable to make any headway 
and lost on four downs. Williams got it and by 

the criss-cross, and breaking our line, gained rap- 
idly. Street and Garfield making fine runs of ten 
yards. Street was finally the man to carry it over. 
Goal, by Brown, 22, 0. Time was then called. 

In the second half W. M. Hilton gave place to Stacey 
at half back. Bowdoin gained five yards with the 
V, and Stacey and Newman made short gains. 
Tukey made two fine rushes with the whole Wil- 
liams' team on his back, and gained fifteen yards 
each time. The ball was now only ten yards from 
Williams' line but was here lost on four downs. 
Bigelow got around the end and Brown also gained 
ten yards. Street was sent through the line several 
times in the same old place and scored a touchdown. 
No goal, 26, 0. 

Again Bowdoin slowly forced the ball back. 
Smith, Tukey, and Downes made good gains, while 
Stacey and Newman also took the ball along, but 
the absence of team work handicapped the runners 
terribly. The ball was once more got back almost 
to Williams' line, but then they broke through our 
line and the ball was lost on four downs. Hall 
made along run of twenty yards around the end and 
Street and Garfield shorter ones. Street fumbled 
and Carleton got the ball, but Downes was obliged to 
punt. After runs by Bigelow and Garfield they lost 
it on four downs. Downes tried to punt but Nelson 
broke through and tackled him and got the ball only 
fifteen yards from our line. The line was again 
punctured and a touchdown by Street was the result. 
Goal, 32, 0. 

Bowdoin could make no gain and punted. At 
this point Street was hurt in a rush and I. Garfield 
took his place. The criss-cross was again worked 
for good gains and punts were exchanged, Hall 
making a good gain after Downes' punt. A. Gar- 
field finally got through and touched down again. 
Goal, by Brown, 38, 0. Slugging now became notice- 
able, and Stacey and Lafayette were disqualified, 
Wilson and Wentworth taking their places. Bow- 
doin was evidently discouraged and made no sort of 
stand. The line was broken and Hall went forty 
yards with the crowd after him and touched down. 
Goal, 44, 0. Bowdoin could not gain and Downes 
punted. A. Garfield caught it and rushed thirty yards 
through the team. A few moments later, after sev- 
eral short gains he went around the end, and aided 
by good blocking, scored another touchdown. Goal, 
50, 0. Cothren was disqualified. Bowdoin made 
some good gains by Downes, but time was called 
with the ball in Williams' territory. 

For Williams, A. Garfield, Street, and Brown 
did fine work and the rush line blocked well. For 
Bowdoin, Smith and Tukey did the only noticeable 



work, though at times the backs did some good work, 
which might have amounted to something with any 
kind of blocking. It was simply a demonstration of 
the fact that the Bowdoin's do not know the game, 
and in a match-game do not make use of what they 
do know. It seems to us as if the game would have 
to be popularized in Maine, and the rising generation 
brought up to it, Iseiore the best results can be 
reached. The most discouraging thing is that the 
team does not play any better, if as well, than it did 
against Harvard, three weeks ago. What the result 
will be as regards the game in college here is 
doubtful, but good practice and introduction of the 
game in the State would do much for the team liere 
in college. 

Packard's loss greatly cripples the teain. Foss's 
injury leaves us in a still worse condition and makes I 
us weak behind the line. 

The management decided to forfeit the game to | 
Amherst. In the absence of any chance of winning 
the depleted condition of the treasury became an 
important condition. The trip to Hanover necessi- 
tated a four days' absence and a very considerable i 
expense. The subscriptions were not sufficient to 
pay expenses to Amherst, an equally long trip, while 
the failure to make any considerable amount from 
the Portland game still further contracted our means. 
The team is also very badly oflf for halfbacks, almost 
all the experienced players being hurt or unable to 

The foot-ball team next year should learn from 
the games played this year the absolute necessity for 
team work. The absence of this was the most con- 
spicuous feature of the Williams game and cost us 
more than anything else. Until the boys appreciate 
the necessity of team work little advance can be 
made in the game. 

Amherst defeated Tech., 38 to 4, November 1st. 
Williams defeated Tech., 36 to 0, November 8th. 

The Second Eleven and the Freshmen played an 
exciting game on the Delta, Saturday. Only one- 
half was played and the second eleven won 12 to 0. 
Downes scored the first touchdown from a punt, which 
the Freshman full back fumbled, and the other was 
got by a rush, Newbegin carrying the ball over. 
Second Eleven — Downes, Shay, Bartlett, Poore, Whit- 
tier, Nichols, Spring, Rushers; Swett, Quarter Back ; 
Wilson, Young, Half Backs; P. C. Newbegin, Full 
Back. '94 — Plaisted, Farrington, Horsman, Hill, 
Wilbur, Nichols, Chapman, Rushers ; Allen, Quarter 
Back; Lord and Dana, Half Backs; Anderson, Full 

We notice that the Westbrook Seminary and 
Portland and Deering High Schools have their foot- 
ball elevens, and we hear that the Bangor High 
School has also organized an eleven. This is the 
way to go to work. If the game can only be intro- 
duced through the State its fine points will be quickly 
recognized, and players will be trained up which will 
make the college teams the equal of the older teams 
in Massachusetts. All we need is more familiarity 
with the game, which can be gotten only by its intro- 
duction into the fitting-schools. 

Although the team was obliged to forfeit the Am- 
herst game the boys hope to get back into condition 
by the 22d, the date of the Tech. game in Portland. 
This will probably be the most interesting game of 
the series to Bowdoin men, as the teams are quite 
evenly matched. Manager Bangs is making arrange- 
ments for a Thanksgiving day game with the Bos- 
ton Athletics. 

Manager Bangs is arranging for a home game with 
the B. A.A. eleven, also with the Tufts. The games 
will be very interesting, if played, and the boys ought 
to turn out and save the management from any extra 

Standing ok the League, November 10th. 

Won. Lost. 

Williams, 2 

Amherst, 2 

Dartmouth, 1 

M. I. T., 2 

Bowdoin, 3 

y./A.e.fl. ColLimn. 

The course of lectures arranged by the Associa- 
tion, last winter, was so successful that a course this 
winter, on the same basis, has been planned. It is 
hoped that a complete announcement, with names 
and dates, etc., can be made in the next issue. 

It may be well to state here that the arranging 
and carrying through of such a course involves con- 
siderable trouble, and that last year this was not at 
all lessened by the fact that only a small portion of 
the students took course tickets. If the course is 
what it ought to be, and at all what the committee 
aim to have it, every student should make it a point 
to have a course ticket, and to attend every lecture, 
as a part of the education he is to get from college, 
and not leave the Association to bear the brunt of an 
evening that is stormy, or fui-nishes superior attrac- 
tions elsewhere. 



Hovv many of the students know anything about 
Bovvdoin's sons who are missionaries in foreign 
lands? This was the subject of an interesting meet- 
ing held Sunday, October 26th, in which bi'ief men- 
tion was made of nearly all, and quite extended 
accounts given of the lives and works of Elias Bond 
and Dr. Hamlin. The committee having this in 
charge will soon post, in I he Association room, a 
list of all Bowdoin men who are, or have been, in 
foreign mission work, with a few interesting and im- 
portant facts concerning each. It is hoped that this 
will dispel some of the ignorance on this subject 
that seems to prevail among association men. 

The member of a political party who does not 
regularly read some newspaper of his persuasion, is 
at this day dn anomoly and hardly deserves the right 
of suifrage, yet probably three-fourths of the mem- 
bers of the Association never see the organ of the 
College Y. M. C. A. If the Association's work is 
worthy of our best efforts at Bowdoin, and of the 
ertorts of equally good men in hundreds of other col- 
leges, certainly the Iiiiercollegiaii, as giving faithful 
accounts of just what is being done in all these col- 
leges, and offering suggestions from the most success- 
ful men in our particular work as to what should be 
done, ought to be read by every association man who 
wants to get the most from his efforts, and make the 
fewest false starts. 

The Week of Prayer for Young Men is observed 
by the Association. Special meetings are held from 
1.20 to 2 P.M. each day, except Sunday and Thurs- 
day, when the meeting will occur at the regular 
time. The topics and leaders of the week are as 
follows : 

Sunday — The War-Cry of Faith. Judges vii., 9-22; Col. 
iii., 17. C. S. Wriglit. 

Monday — Sympathetic but Unsatisfied. John iii., 1-16. 

O. E. Hardy. 
Tuesday— A Man who Knew His Own Heart. Ps. ii., 1-10. 

A. J. Lord. 
Wednesday— Almost Ruined by Pride. II Kings v., 1-1.5. 

J. M. Wathen. 
Thursday— Thinking he was Right, when he was Radi- 
cally Wrong. Acts ix., 1-19; xxvi., 9-11. 

H. C. Jackson. 
Friday— Knowing what he. Ought to do, but Refusing. 
Mark x., 17-22. H. C. Emery. 

Saturday — Reflecting too Late. Luke xvi., 19-31. 

H. W. Kimball. 

An attempt was made to have some men from 

Colby and Bates with us some time during the week, 

but on account of unavoidable circumstances they 

were not able to come. 

The attendance and interest in the regular Associa- 
tion meetings shows a marked increase over the fall 
term of last year. 

'94 brings to us an unusually large number of 
active Christian workers. They would find class 
prayer-meetings a great help. 

At Harvard University the course in Bible study 
this year is much similar to our own. No complete 
or systematic course is taken, but different subjects 
are followed out in the Bible. 

At Yale, last year, over forty men put themselves 
openly on the side of Christ. At Commencement 
the Class of 1890 held a pi'ayer-meeting before it 
entered upon its class supper. 

Only three men from the INIaine colleges attended 
the summer school at Northfield, this year. 

The University of Virginia came out in full force 
with forty members, who made their influence felt at 

Arrangements are being made to conduct meet- 
ings in the neighboring districts, by members of the 

A number of the active members are regularly 
attending the Y. P. S. C. E. of their respective 
churches. This fact is quite noticeable in the Con- 
gregational Church, where it receives the heartiest 
welcome from the pastor and those interested. 

'4.5. — On Friday even- 
ing, October 24th, Judge 
William B. Snell died at his home in 
Washington, D. C, at the age of 
sixty-nine. For some years after leaving 
college he taught Monmouth Academy, 
meanwhile reading law under the advice of Hon. S. 
P. Benson and Judge May, of Winthrop (his native 
place), and Hon. Manlius S. Clark, of Boston. He 
was admitted to the bar in 1852 and settled in Fair- 
field in 1853. While resident there he represented 
the town twice in the Legislature, was elected 
attorney for the county in 1857 and again in 18G0. 
He was also eminently successful as a counselor, 
and when the war came on he took an active jiart in 
the raising of troops, contributing his means as well 



as his influence, and in November, 1861, he entered 
the service as captain of Company B, Thirteenth 
Maine Infantry, of which Neal Dow was the colonel. 
This regiment served during the war in the dep'irt- 
ment of tlie gulf, and Captain Snell's services were 
such that he was brevetted first major and then 
lieutenant colonel. After the war Judge Snell went 
to Washington, and when the Police Court was 
established he was appointed by President Grant to 
the judgeship, holding the position for three succes- 
sive terms of six yeai's each. On being succeeded 
by Judge Miller he entered into the practice of his 
profession. Since then he had been actively engaged, 
having some important cases, among them the Wen- 
zell murder case. He had been president of the 
board of managers of the Associated Charities of the 
District of Columbia for the past five years, in which 
work he took a deep intei'est. For the past two years 
he was also a member of the board of directors of the 
Industrial Home School of the District of Columbia 
and of the board of directors of the Suburban Build- 
ing Association. In religion he was a Methodist, 
for many years being one of the most active members 
of the Metropolitan Church. He had just purchased 
a palatial home at 937 K Street, Washington. He 
leaves a widow and one married daughter, Mrs. Dr. 
F. C. Thayer, of Washington, D. C. 

'53. — Chief Justice and Mrs. Fuller will celebrate 
their silver wedding some time in January at their 
Washington home. On that day the marriage of 
their daughter, Miss Mildred Fuller to Hugo 
Wallace, will take place. 

'50. — Major-General O. O. Howard, commanding 
the division of the Atlantic, has forcibly expressed 
himself in a recent article on "The Coast Defenses." 
He says that considerable progress has been made 
in the way of guns, torpedoes, and fortifications. 
He believes that the maximum limit of the army 
should be 35,000, and that enlisted men should be 
retired after twenty-five years of service. He rec- 
ommends that some system of school battalions of 
boys from seventeen to twenty-one years of age be 
organized, as a source of matei'ial for non-commis- 
sioned officers for the army and militia. 

'57. — The silver wedding of Rev. and Mrs. E. A. 
Rand, of Watertovvn, Mass., was i-ecently observed, 
and the couple were presented with $250. 

'60.— Since Congress adjourned Speaker Reed has 
traveled 6,000 miles, delivered 62 speeches, and 
addressed 150,000 people. 

'7!J. — Dr. O. C. S. Davies, who has been assistant 
physician at the Maine Insane Hospital, has resigned 
his place and will enter a private asylum in New 
York City as head physician, on a much larger 

salary than he has been receiving here. He will 
leave for his new charge the first of December. 

'72. — George H. Cummings has been elected one 
of the surgeons at the Maine General Hospital at 

'80. — Albert li. Holmes has opened a law office 
in Brunsvvick. 

'80. — A. M. Edwards has been elected superin- 
tendent of schools at Falmouth, Mass., and will 
begin work in his new field November 10th. He 
has for several years had charge of the Lewiston 
schools. As teacher and superintendent Mr. 
Edwards has always met with marked success. His 
family will continue to reside in Lewiston. 

'80. — E. W. Bartlett, who for the past four years 
has been one of the editors of the Pittsburg Diapatch, 
is filling a position on the staff of the Philadelphia 
Pres.i, and entered upon his new duties last month. 
Before leaving Pittsburg he was tendered a reception 
by the Press Club of that city. 

'82. — Alderman William G. Reed, of Boston, is 
the popular idol just at present in that city on 
account of the stand he took in relation to the pre- 
sentation of the " Clemanceau Case" at the Park 

'86. — George S. Berry is instructor in the High- 
land Military Academy, Worcester, Mass. 


BowDom College, } 
November 10, 1890. ^ 

Whe7'enfi, It has been the will of our Heavenly 
F'"ather to remove from us our beloved and esteemed 
classmate Fred D. Mace, 

Ee.iolved, That we, his classmates, while bowing 
to the will of God, do sincerely regret that death 
has so soon removed him from us; 

Rettolvcd, That the heartfelt sympathy of the class 
be extended to his family and relatives ; 

Jimolrcd, That a copy of these resolutions be sent 

to the family of the deceased, and inserted in the 

BowDOiN Orient. 

J. D. Meuriman, 

T. F. Nichols, 

W. S. Randall, 

For//ie ('hisf:of\92. 



Thirty-four colleges have " 'rah" in their yell. 

The University of Miohigun now gives a course 
in the Assyrian language. 

There ai'e about 2,50U students in attendance at 
the University of Michigan. 

The Freshmen at the University of California are 
all examined by an occulist. 

The Union Chapter of Sigma Phi has fallen heir 
to about forty thousand dollars. 

The captains of the Williams, Uartraouth, and 
Technology elevens are Andover men. 

An effort is being made at Yale to revive the 
famous old dramatic club established in 1885. 

The aggreg.ite of contributions to American col- 
leges, during the year 1889, was $i,000,000. 

Both Phillips Andover and Phillips Exeter 
academies offer prizes for the best -'yell." 

Ohio VVesleyan University has made plans for a 
new university building to cost about .$90,000. 

Harvard undergraduates are reported as strenu- 
ously opposed to shortening the course to three years. 

Stephen Girard, Johns Hopkins, and Asa Packard 
gave over f 14,000,000 to the colleges which bear 
their names. 

'J he Faculty of Stevens Institute are considering 
the advisibility of lengthijning the course from four 
to five years. 

The annual meeting of the Association of New 
England College Presidents took place at Wesleyan, 
November 6-8. 

The Freshman class at Cornell numbers between 
1(.)0 and 500, of whom a larger portion than ever 
before are women. 

A plan is on foot to establish in New York City a 
national university on the European plan, with an 
endowment of $20,000,000. 

A French Commission has been sent to this 
country to examine our system of college athletics 
wilh a view of adopting the same. 

Ur. Harper of Yale has definitely accepted the 
Presidency of the Chicago University. He will 
remain at Yale, however, for some time. 

The Princeton Glee Club virill take a trip during 
the Christmas vacation. They will go to Pittsburg, 
Columbus, Louisville, Nashville, and Memphis. 

The most handsomely endowed college in this 
country is Columbia, with Harvard second. Their 
endowments are $9,000,000 and $(),853,000 respect- 

"University of Michigan, 

Ann Akbok, October 13, 1890. 

Manutacturing Jewelers, Detroit. 
Dear Sirs: 

I recelvecl the D. K. E. pin to-day and can hardly tell 
you how pleased I am with it and the trouble and pains 
you have taken to carry out my wishes. I consider it the 
finest piece of fraternity badge work f have ever seen. 
Yours sincerely, 

Edward Hurd Smith." 

Oc y[pT@[ 



at low prices, send to 

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The Standard of the World. 


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E. S. BODWELL, 46 Main St. 

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Ride a Bieyele, 

Play Ball or Tennis, 

Work in a Gymnasium, or indulge in any or 
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Vol. XX. 


No. 10. 





T. S. Burr, '91, Managing Editor. 

A. T. Brown, '91, Business Editor. 
L. A. Burleigh, '91. E. H. Neweegin, '91. 

H. S. Chapman, '91. B. D. Kidlon, '91. 

H. "W. Jarvis, '91. F. V. GuMMER, '92. 

C. S. F. Lincoln, '91. C. W. Peabodt, '93. 

Per annum, in advance, 
Single Copies, 

15 cents. 

Exti'a copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Editor. 

Remittances shonld be made to the Business Editor. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should he directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied hy wi-iter's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

In contributing to the Orient .issume a nom de phtm.f, and 
afBx it to each article contributed. Articles should be sent 
through the mail to the Managing Editor. Deposit with Mr. 
A. W. Tolman a sealed envelope containing both your real and 
assumed name. 

Entered at the Post-Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 

Vol. XX., No. 10.— November 26, 1890. 

Editorial Notes 175 

Miscellaneous : 

In the Horse-Cars 176 

Milo's Book, 179 

Delta Kappa Epsilon Convention, 180 

Ehtme and Reason: 

A Keverie, 181 

The Elm's Lament, 181 

Achievement 182 

Kiss Me Two, 182 

Logic 182 

Exchanges 182 

CoLLEGii Tabula 183 

Athletics, 186 

Y. M. C. A ; 187 

Personal 187 

College World 188 

he amicable adjustment of the class 
officer question on the part of '92, as the 
result of the recent class election, shows 
that that class has become imbued with the 
true spirit that should enter into and regulate 
all college elections. Fraternity wire pulling 
was a noticeably absent feature, and, as a 
consequence, the best men were chosen for 
the class honors. It would be well for other 
classes to follow the example of the Juniors, 
and by so doing aid in bridging over the 
little fraternity feuds which have so often 
proved the bane of college and class interests 
in years past. 

JTJHE enrollment of foot-ball among the 
^ regular college sports at Bowdoin has 
given the game considerable of a boom 
throughout the smaller institutions of the 
State. High school contests have created 
quite an amount of local interest during the 
fall campaign, and a " prep " school league 
is already being talked of for another season. 
This is the right idea, and shows that young 
sporting blood in Maine is running in the 
proper channel. It is the training in the 
fitting school that gives other New England 
colleges their great prestige in foot-ball and 
other athletic contests, and if the game is 
taken up in a proper manner in preparatory 
schools throughout this State, Bowdoin ought 



to claim her share of the players who will 
be sure to grow up with the introduction of 
the game into the Maine fitting schools. 

TTFHE re-organization of the Bowdoin De- 
"^ bating Club has at last been effected, 
and the club placed upon what we hope to 
be a permanent basis. The advantages to 
be derived from the support of such an en- 
terprise have already been fully set forth in 
the columns of the Orient. The success of 
the club now depends upon the interest and 
co-operation of the students. The first meet- 
ing, to be held December 8th, promises to 
be full of interest, and it is hoped will 
receive a full attendance. The success of 
the club will depend upon the number of 
students attending the meeting. The num- 
ber attending will depend upon the snap and 
vigor with which the question of the even- 
ing is discussed and the general interest 
manifested. It is hoped that everybody will 
find time to studj^ up the subject as far as 
possible and be prepared to set forth his 
arguments pro or con. 

TITHE recent Sophomoric outbreak at Colby 
-^ and the thorough airing it has received 
through the efforts of President Small and 
the press correspondents necessarily presents 
a ludicrous side to students, of institutions 
more advanced in the principles of liberal 
college government. It seems like kindling 
a flame of quite generous proportions out of 
a remarkably microscopic spark. A matter 
which at Bowdoin would have been consid- 
ered of too trivial and childish a nature to 
merit investigation, has placed Colby be- 
fore the public with another pleasing little 
bit of scandal to her credit, and called forth 
upon her Faculty a small flood of unfavora- 
ble criticism from the press of the State. 
Colby would do well to chain up the college 
correspondents and make her newly intro- 
duced jury system a reality, rather than a 
mere nominal institution. 



In the Horse-Cars. 

By Willis H. Colby. 
T SUPPOSE there is hardly a person in the 
■*■ world who has not ridden in the horse- 
cars, yet I will venture to say that very few 
have taken any pleasure or found anything 
of interest in so doing. The average man 
or woman considers this mode of travel a 
kind of drudgery, and breathes easier and 
freer when he or she has completed the jour- 
ney. I have often thought how wonderful, 
and yet what a fortunate thing it is, that 
we, members of one human family, are not 
constituted alike. We all have our little 
differences, our separate ways of thinking, 
our particular modes of living, and our special 
manner of doing this thing or that. Thus 
the world is made up of people, each differ- 
ent from his neighbor, and thus it is that 
we find interest and pleasure in being in 
one another's company and in conversing 
together, for in so doing we are continually 
adding to our limited stock of knowledge, 
gaining new ideas, and meeting new subjects 
of thought. 

As I sat in the horse-cars on a certain 
Christmas eve in one of our large cities and 
was whirled through the busy streets, past 
brilliantly lighted blocks and the hurrying 
crowds that surged hither and thither, there 
was indeed a certain novelty. Now gazing 
into some happy, youthful face, and then 
into some care-worn, anxious countenance 
there was great scope for an imaginative 
mind. It has been truly said, " One half of 
this world does not know how the other half 
live." Were this not the case the ways of 
the world would be smoother. Poverty and 
wealth would be more equally divided 
and mankind would be happier in every 
sphere of life. 

From my seat at one end of the car I let 



my e3'es wander up and down along the rows 
of people, resting for a moment upon one 
countenance and then upon another. 
' Directly opposite from me was a man with 
a pleasant and kindly face. Some fourscore 
or more of years had made white the few 
locks of hair that crowned his venerable 
head, while a snowy beard lay softly upon 
his breast. From a badge pinned to the 
lapel of his coat I observed that he was a mis- 
sionary. Perhaps in some remote corner of 
the globe he had expounded to the heathen 
the religion of Christ. Year after year he 
reaped the harvest of his work by seeing his 
poor and neglected fellow-beings embrace 
Christianity, and from its teachings become 
enlightened, civilized, and educated. He 
had now returned to his home, the scene of 
his childhood, that had been the subject of 
his dreams through those many years of toil 
and work, there to remain in peace and happi- 
ness with God and man until the life, ebbing 
from the earthly body, sought a home in 

By his side sat a woman. Her face might 
once have been called beautiful, though the 
look of discontent and regret had so strongly 
stamped themselves ujjon her features that 
beauty had faded into ugliness. Her dress 
was rich in its material, and the jewels with 
which she was adorned would in themselves 
have been a fortune to the ordinary man. 
Her life was surrounded by all the luxuries 
that wealth could buy. Seeking enjoyment 
amid society's brilliant circle, and trying to 
surpass those about her by dressing better 
than they and giving a more elegant dinner, 
she failed to find it, for it was not there. 
Her senses became narrowed and dwarfed. 
The beauties of life were to her wanting, for 
she knew not where to find them. 

In about the middle of the car sat a young 
man. His face was an interesting one to 
look upon. On it was printed character. 
His clothes were not cut in the latest style 

nor was his hat of last fall's pattern. Yet 
everything about his person was neat. He 
was evidently just starting in life and work- 
ing his way in the world with nothing but his 
hands and brains to help him. He had no 
father with his hundreds of thousands or 
millions to start him in business, but what- 
ever he accomplished must be done bj- him- 
self. Thus he had already learned the value 
of money, and marked out for himself his 
path in life. Success was in store for him, 
as she is for all who choose the right course. 

Across from him sat a middle-aged man. 
A look of care and responsibility was on his 
face. He was neatly dressed, though not 
extravagantly. A thorough business man 
he was from his looks. Wrapped up in his 
financial affairs and making his counting 
room his home he devoted his life to amassing 
wealth. Narrow-minded and bigoted, because 
he knew nothing of the world at large, he 
trod the same path in life day after day. 
His family had no hold upon him, for the only 
time he spent with them was when he ate 
and slept, and then his thoughts were never 
diverted from his business. His children he 
hardly knew; they were strangers to a father's 

The next person my eyes rest upon is that 
of a young girl. She has not yet passed from 
her teens. Light-hearted and gay she looks 
upon the happy side of life, for she knows of 
no other. In vain she has been trying to 
flirt with the young man near her, and at 
length giving up in disgust has turned her 
bright, blue eyes upon a man with a bad 
character, the one sitting by my side. She 
only does it for amusement, but let her 
beware whom those e3'es and that pretty face 
charm. They may get her into trouble unless 
she is cautious. 

Sitting by her side is a lawyer. Like the 
most of those of his profession he looks as 
though he enjoyed life and extracted from 
it all that could be gained. He is now return- 



ing home after a supper at the club. Too 
many times he has drained the wine cup in 
honer of the toasts and witty speeches of 
his genial companions. A sort of stupor or 
di'owsiness is taking hold of him and his 
head sinks heavy upon his breast. The 
morrow will find his fond wife nursing him, 
bathing his hot temples and giving him all 
the bitter doses and remedies that her mind 
can suggest, while he tells her that his last 
case in court was too great a tax upon his 
mental powers. 

At the lower end of the car sat a youth. 
His face looked pale and haggard. His form 
was shrunken almost to emacation. His 
hands twitched nervously, and he seemed to 
be uneasy. With a sort of anxious look he 
continued to scan the faces of those about 
him, but appeared to shrink away if any 
returned the gaze. It was easy to read him 
as thus he sat. Early he had broken loose 
from home restraints. Little, if any heed, 
had he paid to the counsels of a kind father 
or the pleadings of a loving mother. Spurred 
on to deeds of wickedness by his companions, 
who sought only to use him as a tool, he had 
degraded himself, and that only to gain the 
good-will of men who hated him simply 
because he had not mind enough to stand up 
for himself. From intemperance and other 
vices he had exhausted both the body and 
mind that God had given him, yet his con- 
science still spoke to him, as was plainly seen 
by his actions. Guilt was stamped upon his 
face, aiid every time he beheld his own coun- 
tenance he could see it there. Afraid that 
others would read the darkness of his soul 
he shrank from human gaze. What a pity 
that a man connot see the folly of his ways 
and turn and mend them ! 

Seated by my side was a man of middle 
age. The offensive smell of liquor and 
tobacco issued from his body and his clothes. 
A monstrous diamond ring encircled his 
imddle finger. His coat was soiled and 

greasy, while his hair and moustache were 
died a jet black. 'Tis easy to name the 
station in life of such a man. By profession 
he was a gambler. Turning night into day 
he sought his victims in dens reached by 
many passages, — true hells upon earth. Vice 
was stamped upon his countenance. By 
cheating and robbing his fellow-men he 
obtained his daily bread. Happier, indeed, 
would he have been had he earned it by the 
sweat of his brow ! Happier, indeed, the 
world did it not know such a man ! 

Next to this repulsive person was seated 
a poor woman. A black and well-worn shawl, 
that had long done duty in keeping warm 
the body, was tightly drawn about her form. 
Her face was pale and bore a hungry, half- 
starved look. A boy some three years old 
was sleeping in her arms. Fondly the mother 
watched the child as his heavenly dreams 
brought a smile upon the innocent face. 
Sweet peace it was to her to see her darling 
sleep, though the restless eyes of the mother 
plainly showed that her vigils of watching 
left but little time for rest. Perhaps the 
husband and father was more a hindrance 
than help to the mother and child. Perhaps 
in the early hours of the morning he sought 
his home, mad from drink, or his luck with 
the cards, to vent his rage on the defenseless 
wife and child. Perhaps the man now sitting 
by her side was one with whom her husband 
sat as he gambled away the home and even 
the daily food of his family. Could he but 
see the source from which he drew his meagre 
income, the desolation that was wrought, 
the picture must surely haunt him in his sleep. 
Who knows, but God himself, of the prayers 
that have ascended from that poor woman's 
lips? Who can tell of the blows and cruel 
words that the brute, who calls himself a 
man, her husband, has inflicted upon her ? 
Yet they are all recorded, and at some future 
day will have to be accounted for. 

As the conductor passed along and col- 



lected the fare of each passenger he came 
to this poor woman. Carefully she counted 
out to him five pennies, and as she dropped 
them in his hand she looked almost plead- 
ingly into his face. " The child's fare." he 
asked. A flush deepened upon the woman's 
face. " Please, sir," she said, " I have no more 
money." The face of the conductor was 
hard and cruel. There was no more mercy 
there than in a piece of wood. " I can't 
help that madam ; I mnst have the fare." 
Could any man, who classed himself among 
the humane,look upon that sad face without a 
feeling of pity? I should have said no, had 
not my eyes told me otherwise. With a 
persistency that was naught but cruelty he 
still demanded of tlie penniless woman the 
child's fare. The big hot tears that rolled 
down her pale cheeks were unheeded hy him. 
Like a stone, indeed, must be the heart of 
such a man, that is if he have any heart. 
I had put my hand into my pocket after a 
nickel but the aged missionary in front of 
me was quicker than I. Paying the child's 
fare to the conductor, he simply said, "Speak 
kindly to the poor,, friend, for no one can 
safely hold his position in this world." The 
look of thankfulness cast by the woman upon 
the worthy missionary would have paid a 
man for risking his life. 'Twas stronger 
than any words would have been. 

The conductor calling out, "East 37tli 
Street," I slipped a coin into the poor woman's 
hand and left the car with its human freight, 
each member bound to fulfill some different 
duty in life. 

Milo's Book. 

IT HAS been said that there is a moment 
of profound discouragement which suc- 
ceeds prolonged effort. Stewart Milo was 
experiencing some such reaction as he leaned 
back in his arm-chair and gloomily gazed at 
a closely written manuscript lying upon the 
desk before him. He had just penned the 

closing sentences, and suddenly, as it were, 
felt himself bereft of the companionship 
which his long labor and continued thought 
had afforded him. ■ At the same time he was 
painfully conscious of feeling little satisfac- 
tion in the result of so many hours of toil. 
His aim had been to have his book represent 
himself and his convictions, but at a certain 
point in the development of the story, Fort- 
une had lured him away from his original 
belief. The angle of divergence had grown 
continually wider until, as he neared the end, 
he found himself obliged, for the sake of con- 
sistency, to give expression to thoughts which 
he recalled as the remnant of his former 

What was the cause of this change? 
Watch him, as at length he arouses from his 
reflections, impatiently locks the manuscript 
within his desk, and passes from the house 
down the street. Follow him and note the 
look of pleasant anticipation on his face as 
he walks along. Upon reaching a certain 
residence, observe the glad welcome he re- 
ceives, betraying anticipation on the part of 
another. It does not take long to come to 
the conclusion that Milo is in love. This 
has changed many a person, and it has proved 
no exception in the case of this young man. 

Stewart Milo's college course had, to an 
outward observer, been all that could be de- 
sired. Especially successful was he in the 
studies that pertain directly to composition 
and literature, and he gave great promise in 
that direction. But one train of circum- 
stances culminated most unhappily for him 
and influenced his mind and heart in a man- 
ner realized not even by himself. The axi- 
omatic breaking of engagements on the part 
of the collegian as he receives his diploma 
and starts forth into the world characterized 
the graduation of Milo, but with this dif- 
ference ; the betrayal was on the part of one 
whom he loved sincerely, as he thought, and 
hoped some day to wed. Alas ! he dig- 



covered that it" was not her first conquest, 
and he was forced to believe that it would 
not be her last. 

Influenced by such an experience and en- 
tertaining a prejudice against womankind 
in general, Milo decided to write a book. In 
that book woman should not represent the 
ideal in human nature, but rather man should 
be adorned with all that makes a perfect hero. 
Carefull}'- he laid the plot of his novel, and 
set to work to elaborate it. Day after day 
the characters assumed individuality from 
his mind. As his work advanced, visions of 
fame rose before him, but he did not stop to 
think of that. All the fervor of his keen 
intellect was applied to the analysis of human 
nature and its true expression in his work. 

Thus matters were progressing when, by 
the merest chance, he met, as he had met 
before hundreds of young ladies, the daugh- 
ter of a wealthy merchant. Alas for his 
convictions ! The subtle power of true love 
overthrew them at once and showed them to 
be false. Yet he kept on with his story in 
the same vein, and completed it as we have 

Everything went very favorably for Milo 
that night. He returned to his room with 
the happy consciousness that in a week's 
time he would be married to a young lady 
whom he considered the best in all the land. 
Matters had been thus hastily arranged in 
order that their wedding tour could be made 
at a season of the year when the transcendent 
beauty of foreign landscapes would be seen 
at its zenith. 

And what of his book? It is true that 
he thought of it, but it lay undisturbed in 
the desk where we have seen it deposited. 
Two days later came a letter from a publish- 
ing house to whom Milo had mentioned his 
literary work. The favorable reception of 
his former less pretentious efforts made them 
anxious to secure its publication. Milo did 
not answer definitely but asked time for re- 

flection. He read the book from beginning 
to end and smiled to think of the change in 
himself. Once more the desk closed over 
the manuscript. 

The week has passed and the wedding 
hour draws nigh. The carriage is waiting to 
carry the groom to the home of his affianced. 
Hastily Milo descends the stairs and enters 
his study ; takes the manuscript from the 
desk, and quietly drops it into the fire. He 
does not wait to see it burn, but, without a 
pang on its account, goes to meet his bride. 

The Delta Kappa Epsilon 

TT7HE Forty-Fourth Delta Kappa Epsilon 
-•■ Convention, just held in New York City, 
was one of the most successful in the history 
of the fraternity. It began Wednesday even- 
ing with an informal reception at the New York 
Alumni Association's club-house, 435 Fifth 
Avenue, where about one hundred and fifty 
loyal Delta Kappa Epsilon's graduates and 
undergraduates were assembled, and made 
acquaintance amid fraternity songs and the 
delicious refreshments provided by their en- 
tertainers. The Bowdoin delegation was 
pleased to meet with Hon. T. R. Simonton, 
classmate of Chief-Justice Fuller, and hear 
from his lips many interesting anecdotes of 
former college life. 

All of the following day was consumed 
in business. In the evening the Public Ex- 
ercises were held at the Metropolitan Opera 
House. The order of exercises was as fol- 
lows : 

Prayer. Rev. Roderic Terry, S.T.D., Phi, 70. 

Song — " Delta Kappa Epsilon." Yale Glee Club. 

President's Address. 

Charlton T. Lewis, LL.D., Phi, '53. 
Song — " When we Went to College." 

Yale Glee Club and Delegates. 
Address. Hon. Charles S. Fairchild, LL.D., Alpha, '63. 

[Mr. Fairchild being detained by illness, Hon. 
William L. Trenhohu, Beta, took his place]. 



Song — ''Of all the starry posts above." 

Yale Glee Club and Delegates. 

Poem — Julian Hawthorne, Alpha, '67. 

Song — "How can I leave thee. Queen of the A. K. E." 
Yale Glee Club. 

Address. Hon. James W. Husted, LL.D., Phi, '54. 

Song — "Hail to Our Brotherhood." 

The Convention and Audience. 

Business occupied all of the day, Friday. 
In the evening a ball was given in the Lenox 
Lyceum, and the delegates had the privilege 
of meeting many of New York's fairest soci- 
ety daughters. It was intended on Saturday 
afternoon to take the delegates on a ride 
around the city, but the business of the con- 
vention had become so pressing that the 
plan had to be given up. 

The grand consummation of all that had 
gone before, the banquet, was held at Del- 
monico's, Saturday evening, after which the 
delegates took their departure from the city 
at their leisure, having enjoyed a pleasant 
and never-to-be-forgotten visit to America's 
great metropolis. 

Rl^yme and Reaeon. 

A Reverie. 

Dull are the skies about me, 

A dark funeral pall. 
O'er Bowdoin's cloistered chapel 

The evening shadows fall. 
The firelight flicker's dimly 

With odd fantastic light, 
And through the trees blows softly 

The solemn breath of night. 

Forgotten are the duties 

That press me round about. 
The sorrows of the present 

The past has driven out. 
My mind is turning backward. 

To-day is now no more. 
My heart is but rejoicing 

In memories of yore. 

O, fair and golden summer. 
Thy memories return, 

With fondest recollections 

My heart and feelings burn. 

Blest were the days thou gavest. 
The sunlight's fervent glow 

Shed all around a glamour 
Upon the earth below. 

Thy nights — O, ardent yearning 

That thrills my heart with pain 
The deep and earnest longing 

To live them o'er again. 
Thy nights — the golden moonlight 

That o'er the waters beam'd. 
And on the craggy headlands 

With mystic fire gleamed. 

The nights — that lake of azure. 

Soft, splashing on the shore, 
How memories' quickened fancies 

Bring back those days of yore. 
Yet all were but the setting 

To purest, fairest pearl ; 
For over all reigned ever 

A merry, laughing girl . 

Only a fading vision. 

Single shred of the past, 

Only a memories' fragment 
That on my mind was cast. 

Yet duties grow the lighter ; 
My spirit sings new lays. 

Because the passing moment 
Recalled forgotten days. 

The Elm's Lament. 

O biting wind with your chilling blast. 

And your breezes flowing free ; 
Why did'st thou blow through my myriad 
And whistle and howl in glee? 
As you touched each leaf with your deadly 
And withered it cold and sear, 
As you tore from my limbs those lifeless 
And left me barren and drear ? 

No longer is heai-d on my swaying boughs 

The carol of birds at morn, 
And the nests the orioles builded there 

Are desolate now and forlorn. 
No more are the notes of the whip-poor- 
will's cry, 



As tlie daylight fades away, 
While the moonbeam's shimmering on 
my leaves 
Turned all to a silvery gray. 

O balmy winds! From the southland 
And soften my frozen vein 
Till the sap shall flow from trunk to 
And the buds thrill to life again ; 
And the leaves unfold and the birds return 

To build their nests anew, 
And their songs float again on the morn- 
ing breeze, 
As they bathe in the sparkling dew. 



As, when the sun's slant rays at dawn dart through 

The drowsy air that shrouds the sleepy town, 

They find a darkness murkier than night. 

From hundred wakening ehimneys eddying down; 

Yet when aloft the sun has gained his throne. 

And speeds the breeze, which is the breath of day. 

And all the world has paused to wipe its brow. 

The dark impervious cloud is swept away. 

So doth the haze o'er new beginnings fall, 

To shroud in darkness all that's fair and bright; 

But when achievement waves his wand on high, 

Then doubt and jealousy and scorn take flight. 

Kiss Me Two. 

They sat in a curtain-hung recess, 

With no other one near by, 
Save one of her little nieces. 

Too young to be thought a spy. 

We sat round the open fire. 

The lulls in our talk were few ; 

But once when our speech clianced to tire, 
We heard : " Aunty kiss me too." 

Rare presence of mind was made use of. 
For in tones that were guileless and nice : 

" ' Kiss me too' is not right, little nuisance, 
You would properly say, kiss me twice." 


'Tis said the God of Love is blind ; 

Now peace be to his ashes. 
It must be so, else ne'er mankind 

Would make such awful mashes. 

The Nassau Lit., as the exponent of the literary 
life of Princeton, reflects much credit on the institu- 
tion. It maintains a standard of excellence that is 
equalled by few and excelled by none of its rivals. 
The November number is exceedingly good. The 
short poem called "The Spy" catches the eye at 
once and is well worth reading, being told in simple 
verse with a strain of pathos which is keen and true. 
The sketch " L'Etoile " is interesting and shows con- 
siderable originality in its conception, but the style 
is rather crude and lacks unity. 

Our sister publication, the Cadet, of Maine State 
College, is at hand with her old complaint of the 
refusal of the Montgomery Guards to enter into a 
competitive drill vvith the Coburn Cadets. It is to 
be hoped that the kindly fates will permit the contest 
to take place and put an end to so much unprofitable 

The Tripod, from the Roxbury Latin School, is 
remarkably good for a paper of its class. It is 
neatly gotten up, and fills the place for which it is 
intended admirably. 

The last number of the Yale Record is very 
amusing. In what purports to be a translation of 
Antique, there are some old "gags" very clearly 
worked in, and the Patent Reflecting Hymn Book 
is a decided novelty that ought to be introduced into 
all the higher institutions of learning. 

The exchange editor of the Adelbert, by com- 
paring the amount of "ads" with that of literary 
matter in one of our recent issues, draws the infer- 
ence that the Orient is in a high state of financial 
prosperity. He is looking at the roseate side of the 
matter, and his experience in collecting the where- 
withal from advertisers has evidently been limited. 

The Mail and Express for Wednesday always 
contains an immense amount of news from colleges 
all over the country, and is of great interest to 
college men. 

The following verse is clipped from the Wellesley 
Prelude. If it is indicative of the state of affairs at 
Wellesley the young men have our sympathy : 
Behold some maidens rowing — 

Some five or ten or more ; 
Behold a loue youth sitting 
Upon the verdant shore. 
Now liear a clear voice ringing, 
As the girls row home with joy, 
" Just wait till we have landed. 

And tlien I'll catch that buoy." 



The first snow of the season last 

Professor Hutohins substituted some 
stereopticon views of the comets and 
nebulas, last Monday evening, for the regular Junior 
astronomy recitation in the forenoon. The Professor 
had previously exhilsiled views of the moon and sun, 
which proved very interesting and instructive. 

Alexander, '90, visited the college last week. 

Nichols, '94, will teach in East Raymond this 

Spillane and Turner, '90, have visited the college 

Bean, '92, is engaged to teach a school in Warren 
Ihis winter. 

Gurney, '92, will give points to the young idea in 
Friendship this winter. 

Emery, '93, was at his home in Buxton Center 
last week on account of sickness. 

Fred Russell, '89, will teach in the Pembroke 
High School this winter. 

Treasurer Young and wife were in Boston last 

Shay and Osborne will be wielders of the birch 
the coming winter. 

Bliss, '94, will officiate as organist this winter, 
vice Gummer, who will be out teaching. 

Cole, '88, was in town last Sunday. He is Profes- 
sor of Natural Science in the Farniington High 

Axtelle, '94, who has been rooming at Colonel 
Thompson's, has recently taken a room in North 

Several of the students signify their intention of 
remaining in Brunswick during the Thanksgiving 

A. E. Stearns, '90, will teach in Lovell the coming 
winter. He has just finished his school at Windham 

Several of the students attended the Rev. Sam 
Small's lecture on "The Crime of Mormonism," at 
the Metliodist Church, last Monday evening. 

Clifford, '93, is Bowdoin's correspondent for the 
Boston Olobe this year, and Dana, '94, is the repre- 
sentative of the Portland Press. 

An "Annie Laurie" and an "Annie Rooney" 
have been peacefully slumbering beneath the sod 
of the Brunswick cemetery for many years. 

The Annual Convention of 6. A. X. was held in 
New York City on the 19th, 20th, and 21st. Home, 
'91, and Durgin, '92, represented the H chapter. 

Burleigh, '91, and Perkins, ex-'92, will be the 
oflicial stenographers in the House of Representa- 
tives during the coming session of the legislature. 

At last accounts Whitcomb, '93, who is ill with 
typhoid fever, was reported to be convalescent. We 
hope that another term may see him fully recovered 
and back among his fellows. 

Deputations from the College Y. M. C. A. have 
been helping conduct religious services at Hillside 
and other neighboring localities, for several Sundays 

The Catholic Fair at Bath, last week, attracted a 
few Bowdoin devotees. Certain of the students are 
often attracted by the Bath fair, not necessarily 

Poore, Hodgdon, and \V. O. Hersey, of '92, came 
the pedestrian act to Bath last Monday afternoon, 
where the latter left on the Boston boat to spend the 
Thanksgiving recess at the metropolis. 

East Saturday the sight of a budding black mous- 
tache, and the sound of quick, ejaculatory conversa- 
tion proclaimed that the only "Vic," of '90, was with 
us again. 

Pickard, '94, is reported to be almost entirely re- 
covered from his attack of typhoid fever, and he will 
in all probability be with us again at the opening of 
the winter term. 

The following students, together with Professor 
Whiltier, witnessed the Harvard-Yale foot-ball game 
at Springfield, last Saturday: Home, '91, Swett and 
Durgin, '92, Pierce, '93, and Plaisted, '94. 

The Juniors have elected class officers as follows : 
President, Emery ; Vice-President, Poore ; Secretary 
and Treasurer, A. L. Hersey; Orator, Pugsley; 
Chaplain, Lee; Odist, W. O. Hersey; Poet, Gum- 
mer ; Committee of Arrangements, Young, Mann, 

Brunswick's Little Lord Fauntleroy, Mr. Coffin's 
small son, was seen on the campus a week ago last 
Wednesday, busily engaged in making a sketch of 
the chapel. The sketch was remarkably well ex- 
ecuted for one so young, and numbers of the students 
were attiacted to watch the work of the little artist. 



Last Thursday evening there was a very enjoyable 
"Box Sociable," at Mrs. Little's residence, on the 
river road. The following students were in attend- 
ance: A. M. McDonald, '91, Kimball, Poore, Wil- 
son, and W. O. Hersey, '92, and Chapman, 'Qi. 

Chief Booker made a little pilgrimage through 
the dormitories last weeli, and left over every door an 
appropriate number in plain black figures. Well 
done, good and faithful Booker ! Enter thou into — 
the rooms and put in some double windows. 

Kev. Samuel Lee, of the French Protestant Col- 
lege at Springfield, Mass., occupied the Congrega- 
tionalist pulpit, Sunday, November 16th. In the after- 
noon he addressed the students both in chapel and 
in the Y. M. C. A. rooms. 

The Seniors have been wrestling with two more 
psychological theses. Last Tuesday morning each 
of them handed in a novelette entitled "Sentiment 
and Sentimentality," the product of sweet communion 
with Dewey, James, and the resources of their own 
richly stored minds. 

A Senior was recently asked to explain the 
meaning of the following sentence, which occurred 
in some notes he was making on a Psychology 
lesson : " The McK. Wm. as X of Is att. in B. Unb. 
& D." He translated it as follows : " The McKinley 
Bill as an example of one's attitude in Belief, Un- 
belief, and Doubt." 

Well, '92, what are you going to do about that 
dancing school? A few of you want to have it, more 
of you don't care, and this latter faction doesn't pro- 
pose to submit to taxation without representation. 
Their attitude toward the dancing school is similar 
to that of the average democrat toward the McKin- 
ley bill : they think it benefits the few at the expense 
of the many. Meanwhile, friends, time wears on 
apace and many a Brunswick maid waits in vain for 
that invitation to attend her seventeenth consecutive. 
How about it? 

An interesting and practical feature of the Course 
in Political Science, which has recently been devel- 
oped, is the preparation and reading of essays on 
special topics by different members of the divi.sion. 
Articles on the "Dominion of Canada" and the 
"Australian Province of Victoria" have been read 
by Messrs. Crosby and Jarvis respectively, and a 
general discussion of various points in connection 
with the subjects has followed. 

In the last Sunday chapel talks, before Thanks- 
giving, President Hyde dwelt upon the reasons why 
we, as students of Bowdoin, should feel particularly 
thankful. He enumerated many of the advantages 

and privileges that had come to Bowdoin during the 
last few years, among them the college jury system 
and our new gymnasium. The course of physical 
training here, he said, was superior to that pursued 
by any other American college. He referred to the 
general health of the students. There is no reason 
why the best of health should not be enjoyed by 
everj' member of the college. He urged the impor- 
tance of immediate application to a physician upon 
the appearance of any symptoms of sickness, and the 
mutual care that students should exercise in looking 
after the health of themselves and their friends. 

The catalogue for 1890-91 has been issued, and 
is a decided improvement over any of its predeces- 
sors. It was printed at the Leiciston Journal office. 
Among the changes to be noticed are the following : 
The college jury is for the first time publicly recog- 
nized as a regular institution of the college, and 
finds a place under the heading, " Officers of Instruc- 
tion and Government." A clear description of the 
curriculum and the ground covered in the individual 
studies is a pleasing feature of the catalogue. The 
branches added to the curriculum include the study 
of Latin cases, moods, and tenses. Anthropology, 
and a course in Practical Rhetoric. One of the 
changes which will be appreciated lay '91 men, is 
that in relation to the conferring of the Degree 
A.M. We quote from page 36 of the catalogue : 
" The Degree of Master of Arts is conferred upon 
those graduates of the college who, after taking the 
Bachelor's Degree, shall complete an approved 
course of advanced study equivalent to one year's 
post-graduate work, and shall pass with credit a 
written and oral examination on the same." In the 
Academical Department there are 185 students, as 
follows : Seniors, 53 ; Juniors, 41 ; Sophomores, 39 ; 
Freshmen, 48; special students, 4. 

Professor Robinson's latest story describes an 
experience which must have been quite as interest- 
ing as his visit to the Alabama whiskey still, the 
story of which '91 men will undoubtedly recall. 
The Professor related the incident, in connection 
with his lecture, on the "Extraction of Gold and 
Silver," before the Senior Mineralogical Division. 
While seeing the sights in Denver, Col., with a few 
friends, the Professor came across the Boston and 
Colorado Smelting Works. The extraction of silver 
and gold was carried on in this building by a process 
kept sternly and religiously secret. The moment 
the Professor set eyes on that entrance door with the 
inscription "Positively No Admittance," lie made up 
his mind that he was going to be admitted, positively 
or negatively, and that he was going to see that 



process of extracting the precious metals. So lie 
and his friends assumed an immoderate amount of 
what is technically known as gall, and walked into the 
establishment with the air of men who owned a con- 
trolling interest in the concern — they certainly 
did have an absorbing interest in it. The perfect 
ease and confidence with which they sauntered 
through the building, disarmed the suspicions of 
the workmen, and after visiting various rooms, they 
at last entered into the sanctum sanctorum of the 
concern, the objective point of their visit, namely the 
room where the precious metals were separated from 
the baser. The workman in charge asked them if 
they had any authority to be there, and received an 
evasive reply which evidently satisfied him, for he 
kept on with his work. A few moments of attentive 
observation was sufficient for the Professor to master 
the process. With unfaltering front the little party 
next proceeded to the assaying room. The assayer 
wanted to know where they had been, and received, 
of course, a truthful answer. "You know, gentle- 
men, that ours is a secret process. Have you 
passes?" "I should hope that we wouldn't be 
here without them," responded Professor Robinson. 
The assayer scanned ihem attentively, concluded 
that they were not a very tough looking gang, and 
made no further comment. So the party retreated 
in safety, and no one was the wiser for it — except 
the Professor. 


Third Palf-Yeablt Canadian AoRicnLXUEisT Wokd 
Competition— 515,000 to be Given Away. 

The third great Word Competition for the '' Cana- 
dian Agriculturist and Home Magazine," Canada's 
great and popular Home and Farm Journal, is now 
open. The following magnificent prizes will be given 
free to persons sending in the greatest number of 
words made up out of the letters contained in the 
two words, "The Agriculturist." 

1st Prize- $1,000 in Gold 

2d " $500 in Gold 

3d " $1,000 Grand Piano 

4th " $500 Piano 

5th " $300 Organ 

6th " Ticket to England and return 

7th " Lady's Gold Watch 

8th " Gent's Gold Watch 

9th " China Tea Set 

10th -" Hunting Case Silver Watch 

11th " Boy's Silver Watch 

25 prizes of $10 each. 50 prizes of $5 each. 100 

prizes of $2 each. 200 prizes of $1 each. Mak- 
ing a total 386 prizes, the value of which will 
aggregate $5000. This Grand Word-Making Com- 
petition is open to everybody, everywhere, subject 
to the following conditions : The words must be 
constructed from the two words " The Agriculturist." 
and must be only such as may be found in Webster's 
Unabridged Dictionary, and in the body of the book, 
none of the supplement to be used. The words must 
be written in ink on one side of the paper only, and 
numbered in rotation, 1, 2, 3, and so on to the end of 
the list, for facilitating in deciding the winners. The 
list containing the largest number of words will be 
awarded first prize, and so on in the order of merit. 
Each list as it is received at the office of the "Cana- 
dian Agriculturist" will be numbered, and if two or 
more tie on the largest list, the first received will be 
awarded the first prize, the next second and so on. 
Therefore the benefit of sending in early will readily 
be seen. Each list must be accompanied by $1 for 
six months' subscription to the " Canadian Agricultu- 
rist." One person can send in one or more lists, 
accompanying each list with $1, for which the paper 
will be sent to any address for six months. The best 
family paper in Canada. It is by no means anew 
paper, but has been established upwards of seven 
years, and each year grows in the estimation of the 
subscriber. It contains no trashy, highly colored 
fiction, but has interesting stories of a higher class 
by the most popular authors of the day. It is emi- 
nently the paper for the home circle, and at $2 a 
year is the cheapest and best paper in the market. 
This competition will commence now and remain open 
for three months. Remember, you are paying $1 for 
six months' subscription to one of the best home 
papers in Canada, and at the same time run a good 
chance of winning a valuable prize. Every one send- 
ing a list of not less than twenty words will receive 
a present. 

Agents Wanted. — The object of the publisher 
of the "Canadian Agriculturist" in giving away 
these large amounts in cash, is to extend the circu- 
lation of the paper, and a number of agents are 
required in every locality, to whom liberal pay will 
be oflered. Send three cent stamp for full par- 
ticulars as to clubbing rates, etc. Address, The 
Canadian Agriculturist, Peterborough, Ontario. 

The Faculty of Harvard have consented to allow 
the Glee and Banjo Clubs to make a tour during the 
Christmas vacation. The trip will include New 
York, Chicago, Cincinnati, St. Louis, Washington, 
and Philadelphia. 




Boivdoin, 30; Gentlemen of Boston, 10. 

A picked team from Boston aud vicinity came 
down Saturday to play Bowdoin. As only eight men 
arrived, Downes, Chapman, and Nichols played in 
their line. The College Eleven had gone out of train- 
ing, and had not got back, and accordingly played a 
loose game in which there were but few redeeming 
features. Their line wa.s made up of Cothren, Tukey, 
Parker, Jackson, Hastings, Barllett, and Carleton, 
with E. Hilton, Foss, Newman, and W. M. Hilton 
behind the line. In the second half, Stacy took W. 
M. Hilton's place. The best work was done by Par- 
ker, W. M. Hilton, Stacy, and Tukey. E. Hilton 
started off by getting a touchdown from the V, fol- 
lowed by a goal. Foss also scored a touchdown after 
some hot work, but indiifcrent playing. Few goals 
were kicked. After a punt by VV. M. Hilton the 
Boston center-rush got the ball and passed to Downes, 
who scored a touchdown. Score at end of first half 
12 to 6. 

In the next half Stacy's rushes were the best 
ground gainers. He did good work and carried the 
ball across three times. Newman scoring a fourth 
touchdown, Tukey kicked one goal. The Bostons 
also got a touchdown this half, the ball being taken 
from a scrimmage, and a run of half the length of the 
field made. Final score: Bowdoin, 80; Bostons, 10. 
F. Drew, '91, referee; Packard, '91, umpire. 

The following is the make of the teams : 

Cothren, I. e. 
Tukey, 1. t. 
Parker, 1. g. 
Hastings, r. g. 
Bartlett, r. t. 
Carleton, r. e. 
E. Hilton, 
Newman, ) 
Foss, \ 

Stacy, ) 
W. M. Hilton, 1 
Newman, J 


Quarter Back, 
Half Backs, 

Picked Eleven. 

r. e., Chapman. 

r. t., Lock. 

r. g., Downs. 


1. g., Manley. 

1. t., Nichols. 

1. e.. Shepherd. 

( Riley, 
< Jacobs. 

j Andrews. 

The Freshman Eleven tackled the Cony High 
School team of Augusta, November 20tli, defeating 
them iiandily by a score of 80 to 0. Parker, Poore, 
and Stacy played with the '94 men and aided mate- 
rially in piling up the big score. The Cony boys 
played a plucky game from the start, but were too 
light for the strength and superior team work of 

their college opponents. The Freshman team 
showed remarkably good team work, blocking and 
tackling in a manner that is calculated to give much 
encouragement to Bowdoin's foot-ball interests. 
The teams lined up as follows : 

Bowdoin, '94. C. H. S. 

Plaisted, Right End, Chase. 

Parker, Right Tackle, Pierce. 

Wilbur, Right Guard, Bigelow 

Poore, Center, Minot. 

Burnham, Left Guard, Kelly. 

Farrington, Left Tackle, Whiton. 

Hinckley, Left End, Glidden. 

Allen, Quarter Back, Valentine. 

IS'^y,} Half Backs, | ™t-, 

Anderson, Full Back, Getchell. 


Bowdoin is to play Andover in Portland, Thanks- 
giving. It will doubtless be an interesting game, 
and a number of the boys will probably go in. 

Amherst beat Dartmouth 4-0, November 19th. 
Williams beat Amherst 6-0, November lolh, and 
Dartmouth 6-0, November 21st, thus winning the 
championship. Tech. forfeited her games to Dart- 
mouth and Bowdoin, thus placing us fourth in the 

Final Lkagde Standing. 

Won. Lost. 

Williams 1 

Amherst 3 1 

Dartmouth, 2 2 

Bowdoin, 1 3 

M. I. T ■ . . . . 4 

A gentleman representing the Amherst manage- 
ment was in town last week, and made satisfactory 
financial arrangements with Manager Bangs upon 
the forfeited game of November 8th. 

Professor Whittier, Home, '91, Durgin and Swett, 
'92, and Pierce, '93, went to Springfield to see the 
Harvard-Yale game last Saturday. Harvard won 
after a hard-fought game, 12-6, giving her the right 
to claim the championship of the country. 

Foot-ball is rapidly spreading through Maine. 
High School teams are now in existence in Portland, 
Bangor, Augusta, Brunswick, Bath, and Westbrook, 
and more will spring up next year. It is understood 
that the High School team of Brunswick will play an 
eleven made up of local players here, Thanksgiving 

The question of Bowdoin remaining in the league 
next year seems to be decided affirmatively by a 
majority of the students. We have not made so bad 
a showing in our first season that we need to bo dis- 



couraged. Next year we shall have a good team 
with more experience than this year's eleven, and 
can, without doubt, make a good showing in the 

On account of unavoidable delays a complete 
announcement of the names of the lecturers, dates, 
and titles of lectures, etc., cannot be made till the 
next issue of the Okient. The course will begin, 
probably, the second week of the winter term and 
will extend over about eight weeks. 

In chapel, Sunday, November IGth, Rev. Samuel 
H. Lee spoke concerning the movement known as 
" College student work in city missions," which has 
been tried as an experiment during the past two 
summers, and has proven itself worthy of larger 
development. Its aim is to acquaint Christian stu- 
dents with the misery existing in every lai'ge city, to 
give him the experience in practical dealings with it, 
which shall serve as an antidote to the purely intel- 
lectual and theoretical development of his character 
that is fostered in college, and at the same time fur- 
nish aid to the work in cities, just when it is most 
needed. One hundred dollars is the cost of keeping 
a student in such work two months during the 
summer vacation, and it is hoped that Rowdoin 
will be able to have one representative, at least, in 
it next year. It is planned to get the money partly 
from Ihe students and partly from interested friends 
and alumni. A committee of three will shortly 
be appointed to take charge of the matter and push 
it through. 

The State Y. M. C. A. has called Mr. Case of 
Lynn to the State Secretaryship, and before this is 
read it is hoped his acceptance will be known. Mr. 
Case has shown himself an able man in his work as 
Secretary at Lynn, and seems well fitted for the 
peculiar duties of a State Secretary. The college 
associations of the State contributed nearly ten per 
cent, of the money for State work, and are very 
much interested in having a State Secretary who 
shall help them in coming closer together and giv- 
ing more aid to each other than they have in the 
past. It is our opinion that Mr. Case can 
inspire the confidence of the college boys and will 
furnish the additional stimulus necessary to secure 
more effective co-operation among the Christian 
associations in the various colleges and academies of 
the State. 

For the first time in its history the Bowdoin Asso- 

ciation observed the week of prayer by holding a 
noonday meeting every day, in addition to the regu- 
lar meetings. Though the attendance was small, 
averaging perhaps.about ten, the spirit of the meet- 
ings, which were devoted largely to prayer, was 
earnest and sustained. In sharp contrast to our 
record is that of Kent's Hill, to whom every week 
of prayer for several years has been a season 
of great earnestness and devotion in Christian 
living. They have usually had several conversions 
during the week, and, as a result of the regular 
return of these accompaniments every season, have 
come to expect them as a matter of course. More 
of that same spirit is wanted in our Association. 

The Association has placed on file in the reading- 
room the Toung Meji's Era, the Weekly Mail and 
Express, which contains several columns of college 
news every issue, and the Inter collegian. 

'75. — One of the ablest 
and most popular members 
of Governor Burleigh's staff is Hon. 
Seth M. Carter of Auburn. He is an 
able lawyer, a skillful politician, and withal 
a perfect gentleman. His thorough under- 
standing of State affairs, added to his great popular- 
ity, marks him as a very promising candidate for the 
Republican nomination for Governor in 1892. 

M. S., '60.— Dr. Charles T. Bean died at his 
home in Chelsea, Mass., Monday evening. Dr. 
Bean was born at Corinth, Me., May 13, 1823, and was, 
consequently, sixty-seven years of age at the time of 
his death. He was a graduate of the Maine Medical 
School, and a member of the Maine Medical Society. 
In 1862 he was Lieutenant-Colonel of the Eleventh 
Maine Volunteers, and in 1863 he was appointed 
Assistant Surgeon of the United States Volunteers. 
He settled in Chelsea over twenty years since as a 
practicing physician. For the past few years he has 
been obliged to abandon outdoor pi-actice, and has 
been confined to his home. The immediate cause of 
his death was pneumonia. The deceased was some- 
what of a humorist, and occasionally contributed 
short articles for the local press. He leaves a widow. 
The remains will probably be brought to Corinth for 



'73. — So far seven candidates for Hon. Seth L. 
Milliken's seat have made their appearance. No 
one of these has a stronger backing or will make a 
better bid for it than Hon. A. P. Wiswell of Ells- 
worth. He is in to win, and the prospects now look 
extremely favorable. 

76. — Arlo Bates, the well known literary critic in 
Boston, has recently been called upon to cause the 
arrest of a young man for stealing his plate. The 
value of the same was about -fiOO. "No one," says 
the Lewiston Journal, "but the old man with the 
scythe can steal away Arlo's literary shrewdness, 

77. — Civil Engineer Robert E. Perry, U. S. N., 
opened the season course of the Lecture Association 
of the University of Pennsylvania, November 10th, 
at Philadelphia, with a lecture describing his ex- 
plorations in the frozen heart of Greenland. Doctor 
Hayes and Lieutenant Perry are the only Americans 
who have ever penetrated the ice desert of the 
interior, and Lieutenant Perry's explorations have 
convinced him that the interior offers the best route 
for the exploration of the yet undiscovered northern 
coast of the countrj'. 

'81. — Rev. Arthur ti. Pettingill has returned from 
St. Cloud, Minn., where he has just resigned the pas- 
torate of a Congregational Church, over which he 
has been established for the past few years. He will 
remain in Maine for some time to get the thorough 
rest he so much needs. Mr. Pettingill is a thorough 
student and able preacher, and it is to be hoped that 
some Maine church will be so fortunate as to secure 
his services as pastor. He graduated from the Yale 
Divinity School in 1885. 

'88. — D. M. Cole is teaching in the scientific de- 
partment of the Farmington Normal School. He 
has a fine position and is meeting with excellent 

'88. — M. P. Smithwick is traveling in Scotland. 

'88. — James L. Doolittle has erected two fine 
houses in Brunswick this fall. 

'89. — E. L. Adams is instructor in Phillips 
Andover Academy. 

'90. — O. W. Turner is preparing to enter the Har- 
vard Medical School. 

'90. — H. C. Roy^il will probably spend the winter 
in the South as traveling salesman for a leading 
New York house. 

Twenty acres of land and $100,000 endowment 
have been offered to Randolph-Macon College, to 
found a department for w(mien. Tliis will be the 
first woman's college in Virginia. 

A banjo club has been organized at Haverford 

The graduates of Yale number 13,f44, one-half 
of whom are living. — Ex. 

Trinity College has received a valuable collection 
of Rocky Mountain animals mounted and stuffed. 

It is announced that Hebrew children will no 
longer be admitted to Bryn Mawr College. 

The November number of Outing contains an 
illustrated article on "Athletics at Williams." 

The enrollment in all the departments of the Uni- 
versity of the City of New York is 1,215. 

The whole number of the graduates of Williams 
College is now 3,163. 

The Class of '59, Harvard College, has put a new 
memorial stained-glass window into Memorial Hall. 

A new co-educational university has been founded 
at Lake Charles, in the south-western part of 

Lafayette College has recently received a valuable 
collection of books from Dr. Ezra M. Hunt, of Tren- 
ton, N. J. 

Quite a sensation has been caused by the objec- 
tion to two colored students at the New England Con- 
servatory of Music. 

Stagg, the famous Yale athlete, is captain of the 
foot-ball team of the Christian Workers' School at 

Ex-President M'Cosh, of Princeton, has just 
issued a new work on Philosophy, which completes 
his series. 

Harvard won the Harvard- Yale foot-ball game 
this year for the first time since the modern game 
was introduced. 

The physical statistics of the Freshman class at 
Amherst show that 6 per cent, are left-handed, and 
that 15 per cent, use tobacco in some form. 

Bishop Keene, of the Catholic University at Wash- 
ington, recently addressed the Harvard students in 
Appleton Chapel. He is the first Roman Catholic 
clergyman to have that honor. 



The lady students of Cornell are working to en- 
dow a ward in the Ithaca Hospital, which shall be 
open to students of the Cornell University. 

The papers for the transfer of the new athletic 
grounds of Columbia College have been signed. 
The land cost $80,000. 

Harvard has 16,930 graduates, of whom George 
Bancroft, the historian, a member of the class of 
1817, is the oldest survivor. 

Representatives of the college journals of Wil- 
liams, Amherst, and Dartmouth held a banquet at 
Springfield on the eve of the great foot-ball game. 

Princeton is to have a new hall for Commence- 
ment exercises, and other college ceremonies, which 
will cost at least $150,000. The donor is Mrs. Chas. 
B. Alexander of New York. 

There are one hundred and sixty-five students at 
the Harvard Annex : seven Seniors, nine Juniors, 
eleven Sophomores, nineteen Freshmen, one hundred 
and nineteen Specials. 

One of Ann Arbor's students has been appointed 
to a professorship in Heidelberg University. This is 
the first instance on record in which an American 
has been appointed to a chair in a German uni- 

NOTICE To All Who Have (Mot Paid Their 
Subscriptions to ORIENT. 

Brunswick, Me. , 189 . 

Mr Dr. 

To subscription for "Vol. 20 of Bowdoin Orient, 

Business Editor. 

Our printers are rushing us for their money. You 
would confer a great favor to the Board by paying 
for this volume at your earliest convenience. 

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Vol. XX. 


No. 11. 




T. S. Burr, 'HI, Managing Editor. 
A. T. Brown, '91, Business Editor. 

L. A. Burleigh, '91. E. H. Newbegin, '91. 

H. S. Chapman, '91. B. D. Ridlon, '91. 

H. W. Jarvis, '91. F. V. Gummer, '92. 

C. S. F. Lincoln, '91. C. W. Peabody, '93. 

Per annum, in advance, ..... $2.00. 
Single Copies, 15 cents. 

Extra copies can be obt.iined at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Editor. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should he directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contriljutions must be 
accompanied by ^vriter's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

In contributing to the Orient assume a nom de plume, and 
affi.v it to each article contributed. Articles should be sent 
through the mail to the Managing Editor. Deposit with Mr. 
A. \V. Tolman a sealed envelope containing both your real and 
assumed name. 

Entered at the Post-OfEce at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter, 


Vol. XX., No. 11.— December 17, 1890. 

Editorial Notes, 191 

Miscellaneous ; 

Chased by a Panther 193 

Attendance at Athletic Meetings, 195 

Daniel B. Fayerweather, 196 

Theta Delta Chi Convention, 197 

Bugle Notice, 197 

The Reading-Eoom, 198 

A Communication, 198 

Rhyme and Reason: 

At Eventide, 199 

Associated Press, 199 

Trust Thou Not, 199 

Exchanges, 199 

CoLLEGii Tabula, 200 

Athletics, 203 

Y. M. C. A 203 

Personal 20i 

College World, 206 

This issue of the Orient, unless some 
contingency at present unforeseen arises to 
delay its publication, will find the college 
plunged into and struggling with that pestif- 
erous bane that clouds the ending of each 
college term, known as examinations. That 
series of inquisitions instituted and presided 
over by the Faculty for the purpose of find- 
ing out that which the work of the term 
should already have made sufficiently clear, 
the mental calibre of every student in each 
of the studies with which he has been wres- 
tling for the last dozen weeks. Examinations 
is a species of those old relics of college 
barbarism which long ago should have been 
relegated to oblivion along with hazing and 
other such pursuits so characteristic of col- 
lege life in the medigeval age of college 
history. Other colleges have abolished ex- 
aminations with good results. No good 
comes of them, except perhaps the cultiva- 
tion of a keen inventive genius in the mental 
organisms of certain students, who, willing to 
sacrifice everything, even honesty, to the 
love of rank, have for the two weeks preced- 
ing examinations been busying themselves in 
the construction of cribbing devices, so cun- 
ning in mechanism and so copious in informa- 
tion, as to insure the mark of first-class stand- 
ing upon the term bill that invariably comes 
with the first week of the vacation period. 



As one of the Professors recently re- 
marked, " Examinations are nothing but a 
sacrifice to the ancient gods of custom." This 
is certainly true as is also the wail of a stu- 
dent in reply to the above remark, that " the 
boys are the victims offered up on the sacri- 
ficial altars." It seems as though by this 
time the gods of custom ought to be satisfied, 
and ought to be willing to permit the discon- 
tinuance of the practice so faithfully adhered 
to for all the years past, of casting a blight 
over each college term by setting apart the 
last week for the solemnization of the cere- 
mony of examinations. Daily recitations 
and written work in the class-room bring 
out a man's knowledge of a subject in a 
much more satisfactory manner than an ex- 
amination. Examinations set a premium on 
deception, and use up valuable time which 
could with profit be tacked on either to the 
end of the term or the beginning of the 
vacation. If custom still demands examina- 
tions, the privilege of escaping them should 
be given, and made a reward of merit and 
an incentive to greater application, by a pro- 
vision that all who attain a certain rank, say 
95 on a scale of 100, shall be exempt from 
examination in whatever branch they show 
sufficient ability to bring their rank up to 
the standard of escape. 

■UMONG the Senior electives for the winter 
/ ■'■ term is included the study of the Bible. 
It is advertised in the catalogue as elective, 
with no proviso as to the number of students 
who shall signify their intention of taking it 
up. This year several members of the Senior 
class desired to take Bible Study as an 
elective. The number was considered too 
small for the formation of a class, and it was 
announced that the study would be with- 
drawn from the elective list this year. This 
seems hardly compatible with our ideas of 
fairness. If a study is included in the col- 
lege curnculum,as published in the catalogue. 

that study should be open to those desiring 
to take it, whether their number be three or 
fifty. Every man who wishes to take an 
advertised study is entitled to instruction in 
that study, and if the Oeient understands 
the case rightly nobody has any authority 
to question his right to the choice. 

TITHE recent munificent bequest to Bowdoin 
-*' is one of those gifts which is particularly 
acceptable from the fact that it was not be- 
stowed as a result of solicitation, not from any 
feeling of obligation, but purely on the merits 
of the institution, as seen from the point of 
view of a man influenced neither by the feel- 
ings of an alumnus, nor of one who had received 
any gift or benefit from the institution 
which he has thus remembered. The money 
will not be used for building purposes or 
the establishment of any new department 
of education, but will be employed with the 
present fund in increasing the resources of 
the courses of studies as pursued at the 
present time. 

0NE of the most fruitful fields of reform 
at Bowdoin, just at present, seems to be 
the system of financial management as em- 
ployed by the various college associations, 
athletic and otherwise. Base-ball, foot-ball, 
boating, and what not, are in a chronic state 
of financial embarrassment, and the man who 
would devise some practical method by which 
the associations could be led from chaos to 
something like regularity in the management 
of finances, would confer an inestimable 
boon upon college athletics at Bowdoin. 
The columns of the Orient are open for a 
discussion of this matter, and it is hoped 
that some reasonable suggestions may be 
offered before the next issue. 

TfFHE Okient has a suggestion to offer the 
J- base-ball management. In previous 
years no attempt has been made to arrange 



games until the first of the spring term, and 
as a consequence, a great many dates have 
been allowed to pass by unfilled, simply 
because clubs which it would have been 
desirable to play, have had their dates all 
taken up before Bowdoin was awake. Now 
if a meeting of the different college mana- 
gers could be arranged the first of the win- 
ter term to arrange dates for the league 
games, the management would have an 
ample allowance of time to arrange games 
with the very best teams in Maine and 
Massachusetts for our practice next year. 
Practice goes a great way toward winning 
pennants, and the more practice games we 
can play before the opening of the league 
season the better showing we shall make 
next season with our old friends of the Maine 
college diamond. 

IT IS a pleasure to those of us who have 
seen the evil results of Fraternity wire 
pulling in college and class elections of past 
years, to note the spirit which has pervaded 
the elections of this last term. The Senior and 
Junior classes have held their elections with- 
out an outcropping sign of the old antago- 
nism, and in every case the best man for the 
best place has been the inevitable result. 
This is putting things on a proper basis, and 
if the same spirit can only be made charac- 
teristic of all college meetings — as it bids 
fair to do now — the good results, especially 
in athletics, will prove a source of satisfac- 
tion to the students, and to their friends out- 
side of the institution. 

j^HE second week of the winter term a 
meeting of the Foot-Ball Association will 
be held for the election of officers. At other col- 
leges represented in the Northeastern Foot- 
Ball League it is customary to elect, besides 
a manager, a junior manager, who shall 
identify himself with the business of the 
association for the j'ear during which he 

serves in that capacity, so that, being thus 
familiar with the duties of the manager, he 
shall be fitted to assume the management the 
following year. The junior management is, 
in brief, a school and stepping-stone to the 
managership of the association. Bowdoin 
would do well to adopt this method. This 
would necessitate the choice of two man- 
agers this year, but hereafter the office of 
junior manager will be the only one left 
vacant, as the senior management is filled 
each time by promotion. This system insures 
an exp)erienced manager each year, and is 
-certainly worthy of consideration. 



Chased by a Panther. 

TT WAS in the summer of 1876. I had 
■^ been selected, by the firm of which I was 
the junior partner, to do some business in 
the northern part of the State. As my way 
led through a large tract of forest, I decided 
to make the journey on horseback. I rode 
my own horse, an animal of which I was not 
a little proud. She was a coal black mare 
without a single white hair to be seen on 
her, with long slender legs, a small gaunt 
body, slender neck, and long flowing mane. 
Her forehead was broad and intelligent, 
her nose small and tapering, and her thin 
quivering nostrils and clear black eye be- 
spoke a mettle seldom found in a horse bred 
in this State. I had often tried her speed, 
and can safely say that her equal was not to 
be seen anywhere in the country around. It 
was a cool clear morning in August when I 
set out from the town of C — . The sun was 
just showing itself above the eastern horizon, 
and the dew, which hung in heavy drops on 
the tall grass and waving grain, sparkled and 
glistened in the sunshine. The road was 
bordered on either side by broad green fields, 



which, broken here and there by bits of 
wood, stretched away and were lost in the 
primeval forests, out of which this delightful 
scene had been hewn by the woodman's ax. 

For some hours I rode along, lost in con- 
templating this Arcadian scenery. I let my 
horse choose her own pace, and it was noon 
when I reached the small town of W — . 
Here I determined to get my dinner and rest 
my horse, so I rode up to the small inn, 
the only one which the town afforded, and 
dismounted. During the conversation with 
the landlord, after dinner, I learned that a 
panther had been seen of late, by travelers, 
in the forest through which the latter part of 
my journey lay, but as my stomach was 
well filled with the beef and good cheer of the 
talkative old landlord, I gave but little 
thought to his stories. 

It was about three o'clock when I rode 
away from the inn. I had sone thirty miles 
of hard road before me, the last of which lay 
through a dense and lonely forest, so I 
started off at a brisk pace, hoping to reach 
the camp where I was to stop all night, before 
sunset. But the road soon became rough 
and hilly, and I found it impossible to make 
more than five miles an" hour. It was nearly 
sunset when I reached the edge of the forest 
and I stopped my horse to gaze a moment on 
the scene around me. The sun was just sink- 
ing behind a mass of fleecy clouds, and was 
fast turning their edges into gold. Behind 
me and to the right, stood a quiet cottage 
half hid by the elms, and surrounded bj' 
fields of yellow grain gently waving in the 
evening breeze; before me rose the dark 
and gloomy forest now lit up by the rays of 
the setting sun. The dark green of the 
pines were relieved here and there by the 
yellow leaves of an elm, or the bright crimson 
of a maple. " What a scene for the brush 
of a painter," thought I as I plunged into 
the forest. 

For some time I rode steadily along think- 

ing of, I know not what. As the dusk 
began to deepen I began to feel a little 
nervous. I hardly knew what I feared. I 
was little afraid of robbers, but some way 
or other the story of the panther kept com- 
ing to my mind. I could not shake it off, 
try as I would. 

From time to time the howl of a wolf 
stirred up the echoes of the silent forests. 
The night was cloudless and the stars 
twinkled through the branches of the trees, 
giving just enough of light to show the way. 
Suddenly the horse pricked up her ears. 
There was a slight rustle in the branches 
above me. I looked up. My eyes fell upon 
a long dark object crouching upon a branch 
overhanging the road, and scarcely ten feet 
away. Its red glaring eyes were turned full 
upon me, and its tail moved to and fro with 
a gentle cat-like movement. It was the 
panther of which I had been thinking. My 
hair stood on end with fright. Quick as 
thought I dug the spurs into the sides of 
my horse. Away she sprung, mad with pain 
and terror. But it was none too soon, for I 
felt the air fan my cheeks as the panther 
landed upon the ground scarce two feet from 
me. Before he could recover himself I had 
put a hundred yards between me and the 
terrible animal. 

Now began a race I shall never forget. 
My horse half-terrified, plunged along the 
rough road at a frightful rate. Scarcely a 
hundred yards behind, with long easy bounds, 
came the panther. I could see those glaring 
eyes and almost fancied I could feel his hot 
breath upon my neck. On, on, we plunged, 
my horse seeming to gather strength at every 
bound. Thus we ran for fifteen minutes. 
It seemed an age to me. The panther was 
gaining slowly, but surely. I leaned upon 
my horses neck and encouraged her with a 
low voice, and stroked her. The gallant 
animal seemed to realize the danger and put 
forth her best speed. I held the reins firmly. 



offering up a prayer to Heaven that she might 
not stumble and falL 

I tremble now to think of the consenuence 
of a fall upon that dark, rough road with the 
blood thirsty panther close behind. It would 
have been certain death, for the light revolver 
which I carried would have been of no avail 
against his tough skin. 

At length my horse began to tire. The 
long journey which she had made had un- 
fitted her for this mad gallop. Her breathing 
became hard and irregular, and her tongue 
hung from her parched mouth. I glanced 
over my shoulder, half in hopes that I had 
distanced the panther, but my hopes were 
vain. Close behind, with frightfully easy 
and regular bounds came the monster. My 
position was fast becoming desperate. If I 
could only keep him off for five minutes 
longer I would be safe. The only thing left 
for me to do was to try the effects of a shot, 
so I di'ew my revolver from its case, turned 
in my saddle, took careful aim and fired. 
Whether the shot reached its mark or not I 
could not tell, but the panther kept bounding 
along as swiftly as before. I fired again and 
again until my cartridges were gone, but 
all in vain. My onlj^ hope now was in my 

I dreaded at any moment to feel the claws 
of the animal in my back. I no longer dared 
to look behind, but kept my eyes fixed on 
the road before me. At last a faint glimmer 
of light reached me through the branches. 
It was the light of the camj^. If I could 
only reach it I would be saved. But the 
fierce brute seemed to realize that I was 
escaping him and bounded after me with 
ledoubled speed. " Oh, if my gallant horse 
can only hold out a moment longer," thought 
I, in agony. I dared not think of what 
would happen if she should fall. The 
panther was gaining slowly. I could hear 
him pant and feel his hot breath upon my 
ueck. Nearer and nearer drew the monster. 

He was almost upon me when I burst into 
the opening near the camp. The panther 
stopped on the edge of the woods, and with 
a howl of bafded rage turned and disappeared. 
I was saved, but my noble horse fell dead at 
the door of the camp. 

Attendance at Athletic Meetings. 

'D'T THIS time of year the subjects which 
/I most agitate the minds of those who 
may be termed the patriotic students, and 
which ought to agitate the minds of every 
student in this college, bear upon our sports, 
foot-ball, boating, and base-ball : What they 
have amounted to in the past year and what 
are the prospects for the coming season. 
The reports of managers who have finished 
their work must be heard and we must decide 
to whom we shall entrust our interests in the 
sports to follow. 

And who does this we mean ? Does it 
mean the few who are in the habit of attend- 
ing meetings called for this purpose? It 
would seem so to any stranger who might 
happen to be present, but it ought to mean 
every man in this college. 

There is not one who does not find time 
to pick to pieces the management of every- 
thing in general, but there are very few who 
think of spending thirty minutes in a meet- 
ing discussing points which are of vital 
importance to those who are trying to repre- 
sent us. No man at the head of a college 
team ought to be expected to give satisfac- 
tion if he is not supported by the students. 
He must know their opinions, wishes, 
and ideas regarding all things connected with 
the sports, and what they expect of him 
before he can proceed with any hope of 
satisfying them. 

How then is he going to find these things 
out? He cannot talk to each member of the 
college individually, nor can he read their 
wishes from their countenances. He must 



call a meeting and hear the different opinions 
expressed. I say again that every man ought 
to attend all meetings called for the discus- 
sion of subjects relating to our sports. We 
ought to be there in time and staj- till the 
meeting is adjourned. We ought to take an 
active interest and not manifest that " luke- 
vi^arm " interest so common to too many of 
us and so detrimental to satisfactory results, 
and we should soon realize that all things 
would be settled in accordance with the 
mind of the college and would be productive 
of better results. 

Too much time is spent in condeming the 
management and not enough in aiding it. 
If each man began when he first entered 
college to attend everj' one of these meetings 
and not hang back because he is a Freshman, 
he would soon learn, from what was said and 
done there, how to take an active part, and, 
when his time came to be among those who 
are at the head of affairs, he could go ahead 
with an idea how to work with advantage 
for those whose interests he guarded. 

Daniel B. Fayerweather. 

A Millionaire's Gifts to American Colleges. 

inent leather merchant of New York, 
died November 15th, and his will, admitted 
to probate Monday, contained bequests of 
12,100,000 to American colleges and 195,000 
to five hospitals in New York City. Twenty 
educational institutions are bequeathed these 

Yale College, for Scientific School, 1300,- 
000; Columbia College, New York City, and 
Cornell University, Ithaca, N. Y., !|200,000 

The following receive |100,000 each : 
Bowdoin College at Brunswick, Me.; Am- 
herst College at Amherst, Mass. ; Williams 
College at Williamstowii, Mass. ; Dartmouth 
College at Hanover, N. H. ; Wesleyan Uni- 

versity at Middletown, Conn. ; Hamilton 
College at Clinton, N. Y. ; University of 
Rochester at Rochester, N. Y. ; Lincoln 
University in Chester County, Penn. ; Uni- 
versity of Virginia at Charlottesville, Va. ; 
Hampton University at Hampton, Va. ; 
Marysville College at Marysville, Tenn. 

The following receive 850,000 each : 
Union Theological Seminarj' in New York 
City ; Lafayette College in Easton, Penn. ; 
Marietta College at Marietta, Ohio ; Adel- 
bert College in Cleveland, Ohio ; Wabash 
College at Crawfordsville, Ind. ; and Park 
College at Parkville, Mo. 

The intention to endow these institutions 
was carefully concealed from the public and 
was a great surprise to the establishments 
enriched by the great fortune. Best of all 
he leaves the money for the general im- 
provement of the colleges without any 
hampering conditions. 

The donor of these noble gifts was born 
of humble parentage in Stepney, Conn., in 
1821. The facts of Mr. Fayerweather's 
early life have never been told. His boy- 
hood was clouded by domestic trouble of a 
terrible nature, and when very young was 
bound out to a Western farmer for a number 
of years. When he served his time he 
learned shoemaking and continued the trade 
till his health broke down. Then he went 
South and peddled tin-ware. In 1854 he 
settled in New York City a poor man, and 
opened a cobbler's shop on the Bowery. 
Soon after he became clerk in Hoyt Brother's 
leather house. He made himself so useful 
in a year's time that he was admitted to 
partnership. The business was wonderfully 
prosperous, and there were years when its 
profits exceeded 1700,000. Mr. Fayer- 
weather was an indefatigable worker and 
toiled longer hours than any of his em- 
ployes. In thirty-four years he made 
18,000,000, and left a fortune of i|6,000,000. 
With all his great wealth he was compara- 



tively unknown in New York, preferring to 
live quietly than to make a splurge among 
men. He had a magnificent home on Fifty- 
Seventh Street, and the barn attached cost 
$150,000. A poor boy himself and denied 
the benefits of higher education, he was 
determined to aid those institutions that 
supplied these advantages to the youth of 
the future. 

The balance of the estate— 13,800,000— 
is left to his widow, three nieces, and his 
employes. — Utioa Saturday Globe. 

Theta Delta Chi Convention. 

ypHE forty-fourth annual convention of the 
-*■ Theta Delta Chi Fraternity assembled 
in the Austin room. Masonic Temple, New 
York City, November 19th, at ten o'clock 
A.M., and was called to order by Frederick 
(barter. Secretary of the Grand Lodge, 
President Arthur S. Bartlett being absent 
in California. Bowdoin was represented by 
J. R. Home, Jr., '91, Senior delegate, and 
Frank Durgin, '92, Junior delegate. 

Before proceeding with the regular 
business of the convention, President Geo. 
W. Smith, of Trinity College, was intro- 
duced and was received with enthusiastic 
greetings. Letters of regret were read from 
Hon. Daniel Lockwood, A. H. Green, Abel 
Beach, Rev. Lewis Halsey, H. G. Merriam, 
and others. The report from the Grand 
Lodge proved that each department of the 
fraternity work had been conducted faith- 
full}', and that Theta Deta Chi has made 
rapid progress during the year. Charters 
have been granted, founding two new 
charges, and tliere is hope that Alpha will 
soon be revived at Union College, whiCh is 
the birthplace of the fraternity. The report 
from C. W. Holmes, editor of the Shield, was 
very satisfactory. 

At the last session on Friday, November 
21st, the following were elected to constitute 

the Grand Lodge the coming year : Clay W. 
Holmes, Lafayette, President ; Duncan C. 
Lea, Hamilton, Secretary ; and Edward C. 
Ehlers, Columbia, Treasurer. 

The convention was fittingly brought to 
a close by a banquet at the Brunswick, on 
Friday evening, November 21st. A recep- 
tion was held in the early part of the 
evening, at the close of which the procession 
was formed and marched to the banquet 
hall. Grace was said by the venerable 
Archdeacon C. B. Perry. After justice was 
done to the viands. President C. W. Holmes 
introduced Col. William L. Stone, Zeta, '57, 
who delivered the oration on the " Memories 
of Theta Delta Chi." C. H. Patterson, 
Kappa, '87, was the poet of the evening. 
Calbraith B. Perry acted as toast-mastei", 
and proj^osed the following sentiments : The 
"Theta Delta Chi," responded to by Franklin 
Burdge; the "Alpha," James Cruikshank; the 
"Grand Lodge," C. W. Holmes; the "Land 
of the Setting Sun and the Course of the 
Fraternity toward it," George B. Marble ; 
" Retrospective," Frederic Carter ; the "New 
York Club House," Gouzala de Quesada ; 
" Fraternal Friendship as the Corner-Stone 
of our Fiaternity," F. Goodwin ; the 
" Charges of the Fraternity," Duncan C. 

Bugle Notice. 

TT7HE last two issues of the Bugle suggest 
-*• questions that demand the attention of 
the students. Although it may be an open 
question whether or not it would be expe- 
dient to shift the burden of publication from 
the Junior class to the whole college, it is 
not proposed to discuss that point here. 
But because at present the Junior class pub- 
lishes the Annual, it is none the less a i-epre- 
sentative college publication, and as such 
deserves the support of the whole body of 
students at large. Every individual in the 
college ought to feel it as much his duty to 



buy at least one copy of the Bugle each year 
as to subscribe his money for the support of 
the various athletic associations. It is jus- 
tice neither to the editors who are willing to 
expend their time and energies, nor to the 
Junior class who back the publication finan- 
cially, that such embarrassments as have oc- 
curred in the last two years should in a great 
measure result from the lack of support by 
the students. As was suggested in a pre- 
vious issue of the Orient, the present board 
of editors intend to know what funds they 
can rely on for the publication of the next 
Bugle, and to that end propose to make a 
canvass of the college for subscriptions. It 
is hoped that every individual will subscribe 
for at least one copy. The funds assured 
by this canvass, by a special requirement 
from the Juniors, and by advertisements will 
determine the elaborateness of the publica- 
tion. The editors will do their best with 
the means thus affoi'ded to publish a book 
worthy of the college, and as a souvenir 
desirable to every student. Only enough 
will be printed to supply the demand pre- 
viously ascertained ; there will be no second 
edition. Let the students heartily co-operate 
in the work. 

The Reading-Room. 

TIfHE present condition of our reading- 
■■■ room does not leave a very favorable 
impression on the minds of those visiting the 
college.. At its best, it is not the most at- 
tractive place in the world, but for the past 
few weeks the majority of the students seem 
to have had "no use for it." One goes in 
there to peruse the columns of some paper 
which is included in its subscription list, but 
the chances are now that he does not find 
it, or he finds at most only scattered remains 
of it. And it is almost always the papers 
most generally desired that are so badly 
mutilated or are entirely missing. 

While the room might, perhaps, be bet- 
ter taken care of than it is at present, still 
we know that, to replace the papers in their 
several racks ten or a dozen times a day, is 
a thankless task. And yet, by the present 
arrangement, this ought to be done to pre- 
vent the papers from being mutilated or 
entirely destroyed. 

Why can't we have a change? The col- 
lege seems to be in prosperous circumstances 
enough to make a little renovation. The 
writer would suggest that a great change for 
the better could be made at a nominal expense 
by erecting around the sides of the room 
sloping counters similar to those in the read- 
ing-rooms of the large hotels. To these 
counters the paper's could be permanently 
attached, and they could not then be thrown 
around as they are now, being attached 
simply to the sticks. Thus the papers would 
remain in one place, and one would know 
where to find any certain paper, feeling pretty 
sure that it would be in a readable condition. 
The addition of these counters, would also 
add greatly to the general appearance of the 
room. Certainly such a change would be 
gladly welcomed by the great majority of 

A Communication. 

The Newspaper Fiend. 

VERY little has been said of late concern- 
ing this man, but he is evidently among 
us and visits the i-eading-room daily, as seen 
from the mutilation of the papers. If he 
sees anything of interest to himself, he makes 
it his own, either with a pair of scissors or 
knife; should lie not have either, he takes 
the side of the paper which contains the in- 
teresting article. That may seem to him all 
right, but others might be interested in the 
same thing, and besides the room is for the 
use of, and supported by, the student body. 
Now would it not be an improvement upon 
the present condition of things to allow the 



papers to remain unmutilated in their cases 
until another is put in its place? Then, if 
anything of particular interest is wanted, it 
may be obtained, in the majority of cases at 
least, by going to the one who has previously 
bought that paper. 

Rl^yme and Reaeon. 

At Eventide. 

On the still air, 

At eventide, 
A strain of music. 

Low and sweet. 
Is wafted in 

My ears to greet. 
On the still air 

At eventide. 

Ah ! memVies sweet 

At eventide, 
That rushing in 

Surge over me ; 
Borne on the waves 

Of harmony. 
Ah ! mem'ries sweet 

At eventide. 

Long years ago, 

At eventide, 
A mother's voice 

Crooned low and oft. 
Lulled me to sleep 

With accent soft. 
Long yeais ago 

At eventide. 

Borne on the breeze. 

At eventide. 
The music soft. 

Now seems to me 
A mother's heavenly 

Borne on the breeze 

At eventide. 

The Associated Press. 

He explained the whys and wherefores, 
All the thuses and the therefores 

Of the city's daily paper. 

To the young and charming .Jess ; 

'Bout the local matters catchy. 

Padded clippings quite so patchy. 

Horrid copy quite so scratchy. 
And "Associated Press." 

At this name the maiden started. 

While a smile her sweet lips parted. 
And she looked. Oh! how inviting! 

This bewitching little Jess. 
Then he took in manner rightful. 

Hugs numerically frightful. 
And she murmured : " How delightful 

This Associated Press ! " 

Trust Thou Not. 

Trust thou not in smiling eyes 
Often have they smiled before ; 
Trust thou not in maiden's sighs. 
Though they jar thy heart's deep core. 

Trust thou not in accents sweet 
Rarely they of love are born ; 
Trust thou not in lips that meet 
That in parting are foresworn. 

Trust thou not in maid at all ; 
She, with wanton arts and sighs. 
Brought our great ancestor's fall. 
And drove him out of Paradise. 


I always shall remember 

How her dainty little hand 
Pressed my own with gentler feeling 

Than I dared to understand ; 

How that gracious, tender pressure 
Sent a thrill through all my frame 

Till I found myself submitting 
To a power I could not name. 

But think her not coquettish, 

Or bold in making love; 
For she stood behind the counter, 

And was fitting on a glove. 

— Williams Weekly. 

The holiday number of the Brown Magazine is 
just received. It opens with a carefully written 
article on "The Poetry of Matthew Arnold." The 
story "Big Jim" is pretty well told, but the plot 
lacks originality, being that of an engineer who is 
intoxicated and in danger of wrecking his train, but 
sees his little child on the track in front of the 



engine. The shock sobers him and he saves the 
child's life at the expense of his own. The maga- 
zine offers a prize for the best story by an mider- 
graduate, to be handed in by May 1st. The 
condition imposed is that all competitors shall 
subscribe for the magazine for one year. This 
strikes us as being rather a clever way to increase 
its subscription list. 

In the University Cynic "-Yq Marvelous Adven- 
ture of Sir Sapolio O'Soappe" is of a strikingly 
original turn both in regard to the climax and the 
nomenclature, as the names of the hero and "King 
Rubberpants " will testify. Another ambitious 
author imagines the Greeks and Trojans engaged 
in a game of foot-ball before the walls of Troy. It 
is somewhat overdrawn. 

There is an article in the Iowa Wesley an, by the 
President of that college, on " College Fraternities. 
Their Influence and Control," which is an address 
delivered before the National Educational Associa- 
tion at St. Paul, and is the result of questions sent 
out to the heads of the principal colleges, asking 
their opinion in regard to college fraternities. The 
author says that out of 133 colleges 33 have no 
fraternities, 85 report as unfavorable to them, while 
28 favor them. Bowdoin must have been included in 
the latter class, for here fraternities are a recognized 
part of their college government through the represen- 
tatives on the "Jury." The author of the article in 
question also states a rather singular restriction put 
upon the fraternities at Iowa Wesleyan College. We 
give it in his own words: "We require that a 
student shall have been in attendance in the school 
for a year, or in a school of equal grade, before his 
reception into a fraternity, and that for the year 
preceding his reception he shall have made an 
average in his studies of not less than 85 per cent." 

The Trumbull-Prime collection of pottery and por- 
celain, presented to Princeton by Professor William 
C. Prime, consists of 30,000 odd pieces, which illus- 
trate the history and progress of art from the earliest 
Egyptian period down to the present time. It in- 
cludes the most perfect service collection in existence. 

The University of Virginia was founded by Jefl'er- 
son, and is the only one in the country modeled after 
the French system. To attain a degree one has to be 
a graduate of a certain number of schools or depart- 
ments of the university. This takes an amount of 
patience, time, and study which few men are dis- 
posed to give. — Ex. 

Clark, '89, was with us several days 
last week. 

Littlefield and "Cosine" Smith, of 
'90, were seen on the campus last week. 

May, '93, is at home sick with the chicken-pox. 

Merrill, '87, visited Dr. Whittier last Saturday 
and Sunday. 

Several of the pines back of the observatory are 
being cut down. 

Ridlon, '91, has been elected leader of his class in 
the gymnasium. 

Professor Johnson's examinations in French and 
German are oral this term. 

The duck and the parrot are said to be Professor 
A-windward's favorite birds. 

Fred Moulton, '87, Carroll, '89, and Hastings, 
'90, were on the campus last Sunday. 

Scales and Smith, '91, are confined to their rooms 
by sickness, the former with an attack of the mumps. 

The Sophomores will read Cicero's Tusculan Dis- 
putations next term, instead of the study indicated in 
the catalogue. 

Professor Robinson gave all his examinations last 
week, having left town the first of this week for a 
stay of several days. 

Poore, '92, is a candidate for the position of 
assistant secretary of the Senate during the coming 
session of the legislature. 

The frame-work of the observatory dome is now 
completed. The outside of the dome will be covered 
with canvas and painted. 

Several of the students attended the play entitled 
" Woven Web," presented by the Bath Dramatic 
Company last Friday evening. 

The youtliful vender of candy has again made his 
appearance in the dormitories, and finds a hearty 
welcome and a ready sale for his toothsome wares. 

One of the Professors seems to think that the fact 
that "Sam" has recently sold high-topped overshoes 
to twenty-five, or about one-seventh of the students, 
indicates a state of effeminacv among Bowdoin men. 



Jordan, '91, now appears as an evolutionist. His 
"inversion" theory of the giraffe's origin took im- 
mensely with his classmates. 

A hanging lamp now adorns Professor Johnson's 
recitation room, and has occasionally been disposed 
to contest the right of way with the six-footer plus 
the derby. 

South Appleton boasts the only skull fiend in 
college. This individual has a choice collection of 
these grim smilers representing his own labors in 
the field of crauiology. 

A certain Freshman has written out his studies on 
the face of his clock, so that a glance at the latter 
serves the double purpose of telling the time, and the 
recitation for tlie next hour. 

Professor Lee substituted for the last exercise in 
Geology a lecture on primitive man, illustrating his 
remarks by various implements and bones, part of 
which he had himself collected. 

We understand that the Faculty have recently been 
considering the advisability of making examinations 
cover sufficient ground to require at least two hours' 
work on the part of the students. 

Unavoidable absence and sickness reduced the 
number of the college choir to three last Sunday. 
They sang a piece, nevertheless, arranged for a 
quartette, "dividing up" the missing part between 

William Condon has returned cnm mente anua 
in corpore sano from his recent confinement in the 
Augusta Asylum. Tlie boys are very glad to see the 
faithful old veteran back again with fiiculties unim- 

The one-horse snow-plow plodded its weary waj' 
over Bowdoin's paths, after a crust had been formed, 
with no particularly beneficial effects. The paths are 
in a disgracefully bad condition and should be 
attended to immediately. 

The first dancing school came off a week ago 
Tuesday night, with a very small attendance, there 
being only eight couples present. There is some 
probability that it will be abandoned and a course of 
assemblies substituted next term. 

It is rumored that an inventive genius of the 
class of '88 will soon produce an arrangement which 
will be a great convenience to type-writers and 
copyists generally, and that he hopes to secure a 
patent on his invention. 

At the last exercise in Political Science the 
Seniors were required to prepare a paper treating 
the subjects of the executive, legislative, and judicial 

departments of government in the three periods of 
individual, oligarchical, and party domination. 

A most enjoyable hop took place in the court 
room last Saturday evening, with twenty couples in 
attendance. The affair was gotten up by some of 
the students. Ryser furnished music. The usual 
number of antlered specimens of the genus cervus 
were present. 

There was a pleasant little drive whist party in 
No. 5 South Appleton, a week ago Monday evening. 
There were four tables and thirty hands were 
played. Newman and W. Hilton secured first 
prizes, and Burr and Haggett distanced all compet- 
itors for the boobies. 

By the time this issue of the Orient shall have 
penetrated to the vai'ious addresses on its subscrip- 
tion list, the Sophomore prize declamation will be a 
thing of the past, i'ollowing is a list of the 
speakers: Baldwin, Carleton, Chamberlain, Clifford, 
Fabyan, Howard, Hussey, Jenks, Peabody, Pierce. 

Class work in the gymnasium was begun Mon- 
day, the 8th. The boat crew is receiving a special 
course of training. No change has been made in 
the general course of exercise, the Freshmen still 
retaining the Indian clubs, the Sophomores the 
dumb-bells, the Juniors the single-sticks, and the 
Seniors the fencing foils. 

Bowdoin students first learned of the recent 
generous bequest on Monday, the 8th, and were of 
course highly pleased. This $100,000 is the largest 
sum Bowdoin ever received in one gift, and brings 
our endowment up to about $50(1,000. President 
Hyde referred at some length to the bequest in his 
last Sunday afternoon chapel talk. 

The gymnasium is now lighted with arc lights 
taken from the town line. This is a great improve- 
ment, and not the least commendable feature about 
it is that the lights are now run late enougli to allow 
the tardiest athlete ample time to don his citizen's 
clothing without experiencing the unpleasant sensa- 
tion of a sudden " dousing of the glims." 

One of the professors recently referred to an 
approaching examination as a " sacrifice to the 
ancient gods," meaning, doubtless, the ancient gods 
of crystallized custom which require tliese periodical 
tests. The audible smile that circulated round the 
class seemed to imply that the boys hadn't any doubt 
about the abundance of i^ictims. 

HiS is being circulated very freely through the 
dormitories. Some one bored a hole into "Mac's" 
coal closet and let a plenteous supply escape through 
it. " Mac" declared that he would change his place 



of residence if Booker didn't remove that dead rat 
from tlie wall. The South Appleton Sophomore who 
tried the same jest on a next-door Freshman filled his 
own room as full of the all-pervading odor as that of 
his would-be victim's, and didn't seem to "decom- 
pose" the latter much, either. 

The Senior class election came off Monday, the 
8Lh, late in the afternoon, and was characterized by 
the best of feeling. Following is a list of officers: 
President, Porter; Vice-President, Tibbetts ; Secre- 
tary and Treasurer, Minott ; Chaplain, Jackson ; 
Orator, jSTewmau ; Poet, Mallett ; Opening Address, 
Scales ; Historian, Erskine ; Statistician, Chapman ; 
Prophet, Lincoln ; Parting Address, Goding ; Mar- 
shall, Tukey ; Toast-Master, Smith ; Odist, Burleigh ; 
Committee of Arrangements, E. Hilton, Packard, 
and P. C. Newbegin ; Committee on Pictures, 

At the meeting of the College Debating Club, on 
the evening of the 8th of December, our budding 
orators adduced reasons jyro and con the United 
States subsidizing steamship lines which should, in 
. consequence thereof, ply between the ports of the 
United States and those of Central and South 
America and Australia. Messrs. Cilley and J. D. 
Merriman championed the affirmative; Messrs. 

Scales and Nichols the negative. No vote was 
taken on the merits of the question. Hull read a 
paper treating of the current events of the week. 
The next meeting will be held on the second Monday 
of next term. 

The Bowdoin Quartette made its first appearance 

at the concert at the Unitarian church, Wednesday 

evening, December 10th. The entertainment was a 

very good one. Miss Minnie Bete, the contralto, of 

Lewiston, has a fine voice, and found much favor 

with the audience. Following is the programme : 

Organ Voluntary. — Dudley Buck. Professor Young. 

Song — In Absence. — Lyues. Bowdoin Quartette. 

Song — He was a Prince. Miss Bete. 

Reading. Mrs Henley. 

Clarinet Solo. Professor Hutchins. 

Soug. Dr. Adams. 

Instrumental Duet. Misses Young and Carvill. 

Song — The Sound of a Voice. — Watson. Miss Bete. 

Song— Selected. Bowdoin Quartette. 

The (Quartette is composed as follows : first tenor, 

Burleigh, '91; second tenor, Pennell, '92; first bass, 

Dana, '94 ; second bass, Lazelle, '92. 

The Yale Museum has just received a skeleton of 
a saurian, a prehistoric monster of which but two 
complete skeletons are known. 


Third Half-Yearly Canadian Agriodlturist Word 
Competition— $5,000 to be Given Away. 

The third great Word Competition for the " Cana- 
dian Agriculturist and Home Magazine," Canada's 
great and popular Home and Farm Journal, is now 
open. The following magnificent prizes will be given 
free to persons sending in the greatest number of 
words made up out of the letters contained in the 
two words, "The Agriculturist." 

1st Prize $1,000 in Gold 

2d " $500 in Gold 

od " $1,000 Grand Piano 

4th " $500 Piano 

oth " $300 Organ 

6th " Ticket to England and return 

7th " Lady's Gold Watch 

8th " Gent's Gold Watch 

9th " China Tea Set 

10th " Hunting Case Silver Watch 

11th " Boy's Silver Watch 

25 prizes of $10 each. 50 prizes of $5 each. 100 
prizes of $2 each. 200 prizes of $1 each. Mak- 
ing a total 386 prizes, the value of which will 
aggregate $5000. This Grand Word-Making Com- 
petition is open to everybody, everywhere, subject 
to the following conditions : The words must be 
constructed from the two words " The Agriculturist." 
and must be only such as may be found in Webster's 
Unabridged Dictionary, and in the body of the book, 
none of the supplement to be used. The words must 
be written in ink on one side of the paper only, and 
numbered in rotation, 1, 2, 3, and so on to the end of 
the list, for facilitating in deciding the winners. The 
list containing the largest number of words will be 
awarded first prize, and so on in the order of merit. 
Each list as it is received at the office of the "Cana- 
dian Agriculturist" will be numbered, and if two or 
more tie on the largest list, the first received will be 
awarded the first prize, the next second and so on. 
Therefore the benefit of sending in early will readily 
be seen. Each list must be accompanied by $1 for 
six months' subscription to the " Canadian Agricultu- 
rist." One person can send in one or more lists, 
accompanying each list with $1, for which the paper 
will be sent to any address for six months. The best 
family paper in Canada. It is by no means a new 
paper, but has been established upwards of seven 
years, and each year grows in the estimation of the 
subscriber. It contains no trashy, highly colored 
fiction, but has interesting stories of a higher class 
by the most popular authors of the day. It is emi- 



nently the paper for the home circle, and at $2 a 
year is the cheapest and best paper in the market. 
This competition will commence now and remain open 
for three months. Remember, you are paying $1 for 
six months' subscription to one of the best home 
papers in Canada, and at the same time run a good 
chance of winning a valuable prize. Every one send- 
ing a list of not less than twenty words will receive 
a present. 

Agents Wanted. — The object of the publisher 
of the "Canadian Agriculturist" in giving away 
these large amounts in cash, is to extend the circu- 
lation of the paper, and a number of agents are 
required in every locality, to whom liberal pay will 
be ofl'ered. Send three cent stamp for full par- 
ticulars as to clubbing rates, etc. Address, The, 
Canadian Agriculturist, Peterborough, Ontario. 

The Boating Association held a meeting in Lower 
Memorial last week and elected the following officers 
for the ensuing year : Commodore, Jonathan P. 
Cilley, '91 ; Vice-Commodore, R. F. Bartlett, '92 ; 
Secretary, H. C. Fabyan, '93; Treasurer, Prof. W. 

A. Moody; Assistant Treasurer, C. C. Bucknam, '93; 
Directors, H. C. Jackson, '91, T. F. Nichols, '92, 
E. H. Carleton, '93 ; Auditors, T. R. Croswell, '91, E. 

B. Young, '92, and J. D. Merriam, '92. Fred E. 
Parker, '91, was elected captain of the crew. The 
retiring treasurer, Mr. Bean, reported that in spite 
of the unusual expense necessitated by the Cornell 
trip, the pledges would have covered all bills and 
left even a small margin over had it not been for an 
unexpected charge of $100 for transportation. The 
association is only slightly in debt after this has been 
taken into account. 

Candidates for the crew will go into active 
training in the gymnasium with the beginning of 
next term, under Captain Parker's direction. 

At a meeting of the Base-Ball Association last 
week, Mr. F. O. Fish, '91, was elected captain 
He declined the position, however, and as yet his 
place has not been filled. The treasurer's report 
shows an indebtedness of some $58, with a consid- 
erable amount of unpaid pledges still outstanding. 
Last year the indebtedness was about $80, so some 
improvement was made under Mr. Pendleton's 

Candidates for the ball nine will go into training 
with the opening of next term, by whicli time a 
captain will have been elected. 

Bowdoin met Andover at Portland, Thanksgiving 
day, winning a very prettily contested game by a 
score of 12 to 0. Both teams played sharply, neither 
side scoring in the second half. Bowdoin showed 
remarkable improvement in her play, blocking and 
tackling superbly. It was the last game for the 
season, and the team has now gone out of training. 

The lecture course for next term will be as 
follows : 
Thursday, January 15th, Mr. J. P. Baxter, ot Portland, 

President of Maine Historical Society. " An Historic 

Friday, January 23d, Mr. F. A. Hill, Master English 

High School, Cambridge. "New England Primer 

Thursday, February 5th, Prof. L. A. Lee, Bowdoin 

College. " The Straits of Magellan," illustrated by the 

stereopticon, from original negatives. 
Thursday, February 12th, N. T. Whittaker, D.D. 

" America, Her Mission and Destiny." 
Tuesday, February 24th, Prof. H. L. Chapman, Bowdoin 

College. "Chaucer." 
Tuesday, March 3d, Dudley A. Sargent, M.D., Portland, 

Director Hemingway Gymnasium, Harvard Univer- 
sity. " Physical Culture." 
Friday, March 13th, Mr. Edward Stanwood, on Youth's 

Companion, Boston. " The Spirit of the Age." 

Course tickets, including reserved seats, 81.50. Single 
tickets, 35 cents. 

Other details will be announced later by the 
management. They wish to repeat, in this connec- 
tion, that the price of course tickets is reasonable, 
and that they feel that every member of the college, 
in view of the real worth of the lectures, and the 
troubles and expense the association is at in arrang- 
ing them, ought to take a course ticket. 

Much might be said about using this course as one 
of the ways to obtain that general culture for which 
we are at college, but we think the common sense of 
the students makes it unnecessary, and it is only 
needful to call their attention to the course to secure 
their vigorous financial support. 

To the people of Brunswick, the management 
would say that in the opinion of competent judges, 
no abler set of lecturers and no more interesting list 



of subjects has ever been presented to them, and that 
on this account, as well as on account of the worthy 
objects to which the profits of the course are to be 
devoted, their liberal patronage is expected. 

In this connection it is proper to state that in the 
next issue, if possible, a briefly itemized account of 
the association's expenditures in the past two or 
three years, together with the expenditures and esti- 
mates for the current year, will be published. 

In addition will be mentioned a few of the 
objects to which the association would like to 
pledge an annual subscription, provided it were 
assured a sufficient yearly income. 

Home, '91, W. O. Hersey, '92, and Machan, '93, 
are the committee that has charge of the work of 
raising money and interest enough to send thi-ee 
or four Bowdoin men into city mission work next 

What this work is was explained in the last 
issue of the Orient. 

They have engaged Mr. S. B. Knowlton, of 
■ Amherst, who was, with other college men, engaged 
in New York City mission work last summer to 
address the association on the subject, Sunday, 
December 14th. He comes recommended by Mr. 
Lee, who has general charge of the college men in 
this work. It is hoped that a large number will 
take the opportunity to learn how this venture is 
regarded by a college man who has had actual 
experience in it, and that Mr. Knowlton will get a 
rousing reception. 

The committee plans to have every member of 
the association obtain a small amount from those 
whom they can interest in the project, while at home 
on the Christmas vacation, and by this means to 
raise the $300 necessary to keep three men in this 
work for two months next summer. 

A meeting of the association committee men was 
held Saturday evening, December 6th, to plan the 
work for next term, and to discuss the experience 
they had gained during the past term. 

It was found that not one of the committees had 
properly planned and distributed its work among 
its members, and to remedy this, each committee 
will propose to itself a series of questions on its 
particular branch of association work, in ansvvering 
which it will be able to evolve a definite plan of 
operations for next term. 

Each committee is also to add to its members one 
fi'om the Freshman class in order that men from this 
class may get some insight into college Y. M. C. A. 
methods, and have some practical experience with 
their duties when their turn to bear the burden of 
association work comes around. 

So far as it has been the result of their action, the 
members of the missionary committee are to be 
congratulated upon the interesting character of the 
three missionary meetings held during the term. 
The first one, on "Bowdoin's Alumni in the Foreign 
Field," and the next on " Home Missions," have 
been mentioned in this column. The leader of the 
second one, having been in that very work for 
several months during his course, brought the facts 
of its extent, needs, and nearness to our own 
doors, home to his hearers in a very forcible way ; 
and no one of them will be able to go along the 
shores of Maine, or into her woods again without 
feeling his brotherhood to man called upon to assert 
itself more vigorously than he has ever yet allowed 
it to. 

The third meeting of this sort was held Sunday, 
December 7th, and was devoted in part to Bishop 
Taylor's wonderful work in planting self-supporting 
missions along the west coast of Africa and the 

The speaker took the ground that this movement 
was a long step towards solving the missionary 
problem in Africa, if not all over the unchristianized 

The other topic was Mr. Wishard's tour of the 
Young Men's Christian Association of the East, and 
his great success in establishing and strengthening 
associations in that part of the world. Both the 
speakers were listened to with marked attention. 
We predict that so long as missionary meetings are 
kept up to the standard thus set, they will be very 

'36. — Ex-Governor Gar- 
celon, who has just re- 
turned from a trip to the South to 
attend the meeting of the American 
Medical Association, says that he had one of 
the most pleasant trips of his remembrance. 
No Maine physician has a wider acquaintance through- 
out the medical fraternity of America than Doctor 

'39. — Hon. Israel Kimball, the veteran chief of 
the division of internal revenue at Washington, died 
at his residence in that city, at six o'clock last 



Wednesday evening, in the seventy-ninth year of 
his age. Mr. Kimball vcas born in Wells, January 
26, 1812, and graduated from Bowdoin College in the 
class of 1839. He was vice-president of the Wash- 
ington alumni. In the winter of 1862 he was sum- 
moned to Washington by a telegram from Secretary 
Chase, and at once became identified with the internal 
revenue bureau, which was then being organized, 
and bore a prominent part in the establishment of 
that bureau. In the early years of the bureau he 
had charge of its legal affairs, winning many 
important suits, and remained in continual service 
for twenty-eight years, being, as we before said, the 
oldest chief in the department. He was known 
everywhere as the father of internal revenue, and 
had a wide acquaintance among tobacco men and 
distillers. His strict integrity, genial disposition, 
and high personal characteristics, endeared him to 
thousands who will learn of his demise with un- 
feigned regret. Mr. Kimball was an early member 
of the society of the First Congregational Church of 
Washington, and took a very deep interest in its 
affairs, though never a member of the church. He 
was very loyal to the college, and was absent but 
once from the alumni dinners in Washington. His 
after-dinner remarks were always of the choicest 
sort. Mr. Kimball leaves a widow, four daughters, 
and one son, Mr. George C. Kimball of the class of 
1862, novc chief of one of the sub-bureaus in the 
census office at Washington. 

'44. — Gen. S. J. Anderson and wife, of Portland, 
are spending the winter at Bluflfton, Alabama. 

'44. — Judge Virgin was an Oxford County boy, 
and for many years stood at the head of the 
Oxford bar. He was not only considered a smart 
lawyer, but as an athlete he had few equals. 
Like most men of practical common sense, he always 
has discarded frills and useless formalities. While 
holding court at Paris a few months ago he, in ac- 
cordance with long-established customs, was accosted 
at his hotel by the sheriff, who inquired if he wished 
to be escorted to the court room. "No," bluntly 
replied the judge, " I know the way and can lick any 
man in Oxford County, and always could! " 

'46.— Rev. Dr. E. B. Webb has the profound 
sympathy of all who know him in the death of his 
wife, which occurred at their home in Wellesley, 
November 25th. Although a great sufferer from 
rheumatism for a number of years, she had been 
better of late and able to ride out. But sudden 
cold developed into pneumonia, and the end came 
most unexpectedly. She was a daughter of the late 
Benjamin Tappan, D.D., of Augusta, Me., and a 
woman of unusual loveliness of character. The 

funeral services were conducted by Dr. A. J. F. 
Behrends, an intimate friend of the family. 

'55.— The principal-elect of North Yarmouth 
Academy, Rev. Benjamin P. Snow, has taken up 
his residence at Yarmouth, and will devote his whole 
time to the interests of the school, which will be re- 
opened for students at an early day. For many years 
Yarmouth Academy was a strong fitting school for 
Bowdoin. The college is to be congratulated on 
once more putting the academy on a good basis, and 
on securing so able and competent a man to take 
charge of it. Mr. Snow has had long experience as 
a teacher, and has met with remarkable success. 
He lirst taught at Evansville, Ind., whence he was 
called to be tutor in the college. His next position 
was principal of Fryeburg Academy. He has also 
had charge of the academies at North Brookfield, 
and Wakefield, Mass. In 1869 he was ordained into 
the pastorate in North Yarmouth. From 1872 to 1876 
he was employed in editorial work in Portland on 
the Enquirer, and the Christian Mirror, of which he 
was proprietor. 

'61. — Tuesday morning, December 2d, a very 
pleasant weddingtook place at Camden, the contract- 
ing parties being Miss Ruble A. Gould of that town 
and Rev. W. R. Cross of Foxeroft, former pastor of 
the Elm Street Congregational Church of Camden. 

'62. — Rev. J. E. Pierce and wife, for twenty-two 
years missionaries of the " A. B. C. F. M." in Turkey, 
have just returned to their native State for a short 
rest and change. Their visit to Mr. Pierce's home 
in Monmouth was the occasion of a very pleasant 
family reunion. Thanksgiving day, when nineteen 
members of the family came together at the old 
homestead near the Center. 

'75. — Rev. George C. Cressey was installed, Fri- 
day, December 5th, as pastor of the First Unitarian 
Church at Salem. It is the oldest regularly 
organized church in America, dating back to 1629. 

'87. — F. D. Dearth, who has been mail clerk on 
the Bangor and Piscataquis railroad, has been pro- 
moted to the service on the line between Bangor and 

'88. — E. S. Bartlett, late clerk in the census office 
at Washington, has been appointed clerk in the 
pension office, under the civil service rules. 

M. S., '89.— Dr. P. H. S.Vaughn, of Skowhegan, 
has accepted a position as fourth medical assistant 
at the Maine Insane Hospital, to fill the vacancy 
caused by the promotion of Doctor Howe. 

'89. — J. R. Clarke will enter a banking house in 
Kansas City about the first of January. 

'89. — Lincoln J. Bodge was admitted to the bar 
at Minneapolis, December 1st, passing with credit a 



rigid and searching examination. Miv Bodge was 
one of eight candidates for admission, and stood first 
among four who were successful in gaining their 

Portuguese students are raising a company for 
active military service in Africa. 

About 4,000 of the 65,000 students in colleges are 
preparing for the ministry. 

Of the players in the Harvard-Yale game at 
Springfield, nine were graduates of Exeter Academy. 

In the village of Strobek, Russia, the pupils in the 
highest grade in the schools are obliged to pass a 
yearly examination in chess. 

The Rutgers Glee Club will hereafter appear in 
gowns and mortar-board caps, having discarded the 
swallow-tail coat. 

Harvard wishes to abolish the tug-of-war contests 
in the inter-collegiate games. Princeton and Colum- 
bia are opposed to the movement. 

Of the ten leading tennis players of the United 
States, it is well to note that all but the tenth are 
college graduates. 

The Cornell Central Club is trying to raise 
$50,000 for an Alumni Hall. If they are successful 
in raising that amount ex-President White is to add 

The "Masque," CorneH's new dramatic club, 
netted $400 at the performance for the benefit of the 
Cornell foot-ball team. 

Cambridge and Oxford occupy the same relative 
positions in their foot-ball contests as Yale and 
Princeton. Since WTA Cambridge has won seven of 
the annual games and Oxford, six. 

A Yale Alumni Association is being formed at 
Tokio, Japan. There are a large number of gradu- 
ates in that place. 

The annual Harvard-Yale shooting-match was 
held at Springfield on Saturday, November 22d. 
Yale won by a score of 114 to 104. 

Hamilton College will soon have a good place for 
indoor athletics. One of the dormitories is to be 
changed into a gymnasium and furnished with all the 
modern gymnastic apparatus. 

It is thought that the dress suit will have to give 
way at Harvard, on class day, to the cap and gown. 
Many objections have been raised to wearing a 
society dress instead of a distinctly academic 
costume. — Ex. 

NOTICE To All Who Have Not Paid Their 
Subscriptions to ORIENT. 

Beonsv/ick, Me., 189 . 

Mr Dr. 

To subscription for Vol. 20 of Bowdoin Orient, 

Business Editor. 

Our printers are rushing us for their money. You 
would confer a great favor to the Board by paying 
for this volume at your earliest convenience. 

-^£troTt^MCh /^ 


at low prices, sent! to 

IV. W. Ellis, Stationer, 

AiiTiSTic Work a Spkcialtv. 


We want to remind you tliat we liave for sale a 

whicli wc fully rcconimc-uil miuI guarauleo. Further, we are very 
glad to tiave you take one out on trial, and it it does not prove 
satisfactory it will be taken back cheerfully. 'I'ry one for a few 
days or a week and convince yourself that they are very near 


Vol. XX. 


No. 12. 





T. S. Burr, '91, Managins Editor. 

A. T. Brown, '91, Business Editor. 
L. A. Burleigh, '91. B. H. Newbegin, '91. 

H. S. Chapman, '91. B. D. Kidlon, '91. 

H. W. Jarvis, '91. F. V. GuMMER, '92. 

C. S. F. Lincoln, '91. C. W. Peabodt, '93. 

Per annum, in advance $2.00. 

Single Copies, 15 cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Editor. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by winter's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

In contributing to the Orient iissume a nom cU plume, and 
aiB-V it to each article contributed. Articles should be sent 
through the mail to the Managing Editor. Deposit with Mr. 
A. W. Tolman a sealed envelope containing both your real and 
assumed name. 

Entered at the Post-Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 

Vol. XX., No. 12.— January 21, 1891. 

Editorial Notes 207 


John C. Dodge, 209 

Modern Languages in the Library, 211 

Readiug-Room, . 212 

Zeta Psi Convention 21.3 

Finances of Boating Association 214 

Our Next Field Day, 214 

Rhyme and Reason: 

Not Needed, 215 

The Breath of Night 215 

Still the Same, 215 

In Boston 216 

Exchanges, 216 

CoLLEGii Tabula, 216 

Y. M. C. A 219 

Personal, 221 

College World 222 

The Orient moves on like the rest 
of the world and dates this issue with an 
1891. The year opens most auspiciously. 
Never were Bowdoin's prospects brighter. 
A high standard oi scholarship, a corps of 
instructors of unexcelled efficiency, a system 
of self-government unsurpassed, and a more 
generous endowment than has ever before 
been at the disposal of the college authori- 
ties, seem to indicate prosperity in the year 
to come and during all the decades to follow. 
May old Bowdoin's prospects ever be as 
bright as at present, and may she ever move 
on toward that goal to which her noble 
work of the past, and her untiring efforts on 
behalf of her sons, richly entitle her. 

WE PUBLISH in another column a 
biographical sketch of one of Bow- 
doin's most illustrious sons, Mr. John C. 
Dodge, of the class of '34, a man whose life 
was overflowing with charity and usefulness, 
whose character might well be mirrored 
forth upon the minds of all men of lofty 
hopes and high ambitions. The sketch from 
the pen of an illustrious classmate and friend 
of Mr. Dodge, is a most fitting tribute to the 
memory of one in whose life were to be 
found the highest and best ideals of true 



TITHE Debating Club is struggling for ex- 
-^ istence. Why an organization of this 
kind cannot be made a success at Bowdoin 
is an enigma. The men in college are cer- 
tainly energetic enough to push this thing 
to a success if they were so inclined; that 
they are not so inclined seems equally certain. 
A series of meetings in which the discus- 
sions of the leading questions of the day 
plays the principal part, cannot help dis- 
persing useful information. 

There is nobody who cannot recognize 
the benefits to be derived from debate. The 
practice in speaking logic in argument, 
keenness in grasping small points, beside 
the general information to be gleaned from 
the discussions of well posted intelligent 
speakers. Other colleges support debating 
clubs, and rank them of equal importance 
with associations of college athletic branches. 
Bowdoin certainly has the ability to take 
hold of a club and make it a success, why 
should inclination be wanting? 

WE DESIRE to call attention of the 
students to tlie article in this issue 
in regard to modern language books on 
the shelves of the college library. Works 
of standard French literature are now 
available, and it would certainly be for the 
benefit of the student of modern language 
to devote a portion of his time to the 
acquisition, by their perusal, of a more 
adequate knowledge of French literature 
than can possibly be obtained in the class- 
room work. 

JIT HE work of the present editorial board 
-•■ of the Orient is fast nearing comple- 
tion. It is hoped that the present staff may 
be able to leave the paper free of debt. If 
the amount represented upon the subscription 
list is forthcoming there will be no difficulty 
on this score. The amount in each case is 

not large, but in the aggregate represents 
a considerable income. Circulars have been 
sent to all subscribers, and it is hoped that 
payments will be promptly made. This is 
a matter of great importance to the editorial 
board, and should command immediate 

TI7HE formation of the Senior division in 
"^ chemistry into a club for the purpose of 
outside study of topics bearing irpon scien- 
tific and especially chemical subjects, is 
proving a source of enjoyment and benefit 
to the members of the class. An informal 
discussion of points brought out in the 
current scientific periodicals of the day form 
the programme of the meetings, and much 
useful information is acquired. Professor 
Robinson, at whose house the club meets, 
is the originator of the idea, and is deserving 
of many thanks for this pleasant departuie 
in the educational line. 

TTTHE temperature is an all-important 
^ question this winter, but it is a question 
our sprightly janitor is too apt to overlook 
when dealing with the heating apparatus of 
the recitation rooms. In this land of grip 
and fever it seems as though the students 
ought to be made as comfortable as possible 
during the hours of mental strain entailed 
by devotion to daily recitations. Chills are 
becoming too prevalent, and it seems as 
though a little warmth would be an agreeable 

Professor Scott of Rutgers College has been 
elected president of that institution in place of Ur. 
Gates, who resigned that position to accept a similar 
one at Amherst College. 

For the first time the University of Leipsic will 
this season admit women. So far six women have 
registered, four of whom are Americans. 





John C. Dodge. 

The Hon. John C. Dodge, LL.D., born in Newcastle, 
Nov. 6, 1810, son o£ Isaac and Rachel Ring Dodge, died 
in Cambridge, July 17, 1890. 

MR. DODGE graduated at Bowdoin Col- 
lege, 1834, ill the class of Henry B. 
Smith, Peleg W. Chandler, John H. L. Coffin, 
the mathematician, Theodore T. Jewett and 
Charles Thomas, both beloved and eminent 
physicians, Henry T. Cheever, Cyrus Hamlin, 
and others, who have honorably and usefully 
served their " day and generation." 

In this somewhat peculiar class he held a 
high rank as a scholar. Without being 
brilliant in any one study he was thorough 
in them all, always cultivating a love of 
logical argumentation. The boy was father 
to the man. 

After his graduation he kejit a private 
school in Eastport, Me., for two years, then 
for one year he entered upon engineering 
work on Boston & Maine and Boston & Al- 
bany Railroads. 

His exact mathematical mind fitted him 
for civil engineering, but he judged rightly 
in choosing, after these varied experiences, 
the profession of law. From 1837 to 1839 
he studied in the office of Peleg Sprague — 
afterwards Judge of the United States Dis- 
trict Court — and of William Gray. 

He was admitted to the bar in Lincoln 
County, April, 1839, and practiced law in 
Nobleboro (now Daraariscotta) until 1812. 
He was register of probate one year, having 
his office in Wiscasset. 

In 1842 he removed to Boston and opened 
an office, corner of Congress and State 
Streets, and continued in practice in Boston 
until 1885. 

At this early period four Bowdoin 
students, John C.Dodge, Peleg W. Chandler, 

Cyrus Woodman, and John A. Andrew 
found themselves occupying rooms in close 
proximity. They were all entering upon life 
with great zeal and high resolve. They 
often referred to their early professional 
companionship as rich in useful lessons and 
interesting memories for after life. Each of 
these four Bowdoin students was destined 
to make his mark in his own career. 

He was married in 1843 to Miss Lucy 
Sherman of Edgecomb, Me., and took up his 
residence in Cambridge, Mass. 

He was active in the formation of a city 
government for Cambridge, served in the 
common council for years, and was for two 
years its President. 

His strong natural sense of justice and 
consequent abhorrence of slavery carried 
him into the Free Soil party, in the formation 
of which he took a decided part. He made 
many public speeches in earnest advocacy of 
the principle that " there shall be neither 
slavery nor involuntary surrender, except for 
crime, in any territory on the coiptinent of 
America, which shall hereafter be acquired 
by, or annexed to, the United States." To the 
resistance to the introduction of slavery 
into Kansas he lent all the aid in his power. 
He was chosen trustee in various important 
interests. He was a trustee of the Dowse 
Institute in Cambridge for many years. He 
was also a member of the Board of Overseers 
of Bowdoin College, and was President of 
that Board as long as he consented to serve. 
His interest in the well-being and progress 
of the college manifested in this, and other 
ways, continued to the end of his life. He 
was Representative and afterwards Senator 
from the Cambridge District, in the Legis- 
lature of Massachusetts. It was character- 
istic of him that while in the Senate, having 
been firmly opposed to involving the State 
in further expense upon the Hoosac Tunnel, 
he stood his ground to the end and voted 



alone against the bill. He could vote alone 
as easily as any other man if he felt he was 

The Civil War of 1861-65 brought out 
all his patriotic firmness and devotion. He 
was a frequent speaker at public rallies and 
was always heartily welcomed by the people. 
He joined the Cambridge Reserve Guard, an 
organization of citizens who had passed mili- 
tary age, and attended regularly its diills. 
In July, 1863, the time of the New York 
Draft Riots, when Boston was thi-eatened 
with a similar outbreak, he put on his uni- 
form and marched all night in the ranks of 
the Guard, which escorted ammunition from 
the State Arsenal, then in Cambridge, to the 
city. In all that was done in Cambridge 
for the support and relief of the soldiers in 
the field he took an active share, and was 
one of the Ti'ustees of a fund raised for 
these objects. 

Mr. Dodge was an earnest advocate of 
Civil Service Reform, and of the principles 
of free trade. He was not a man to conceal 
his sentim'ents on any question. When he 
had once taken a position the world knew 
where to find him. He was firm as the ever- 
lasting hills until convinced that he was in 

We have referred above very briefly to 
the various non-professional interests and 
changes that marked his life, in all which he 
won honor and respect. 

His professional course was peculiar and 
instructive. He opened his office in Boston, 
as we have seen, in 1842, without patronage, 
fame, or wealth. He was to gain them all 
by faithful and earnest work. His first 
clients were ship-masters from the region of 
his birth on the coast of Maine. He soon 
had clients from the sea more than from the 

One case in particular, as reported by him 
in conversation, contributed largely to decide 
his future. It was a marine case of con- 

siderable importance. It was in a tough. 
Testimony was contradictory, or apparently 
so. He had to give himself to a chosen 
study of the ship and of all its technical 
terms, and the orders given in working the 
ship under all circumstances, also the idioms 
and slang phrases in use among seamen. 
His life-long habit of holding to a subject 
until he was satisfied, stood him in good stead. 
He at length brought order out of confusion. 
He saw clearly how the case had become 
entangled, and such light broke in upon his 
own mind that he felt sure he had won the 
case before it was called up in court — he 
had won it by understanding it. The 
opposing counsel could not refute his argu- 
ment and the case was given to him with 
many congratulations. 

After this, clients came to him from all 
quarters. He soon rose to be among the 
first of admiralty lawyers in Boston or, indeed, 
in the country. He gave himself to hard 
study and to that searching examination of 
his client's cause that left nothing out. His 
success was great, but it was well earned. 
It did not in the least turn his head. He 
i-emained the same earnest, sober, hard- 
working man in his profession unto the end 
of his career. 

Those who knew him in college can see 
that the original bent of his genius appeared 
in his whole life. When he became interested 
in an argument it would remain in his mind 
for days. And if you had been in debate 
with him you could not meet him, perhaps 
for some days, but he would say, " Now I 
have thought of another argument," and 
again of another, and finally he would say 
this subject must all be debated over again. 
We did not half understand it. He could 
keep the whole of a subject in mind, and 
add to it from day to day. 

He left his profession, or rather his office 
work, in 1885, in failing health and conse- 
quent depression of spirits. His three sons 



took their places in his office before his 
departure from it, and they continue the 
same line of practice. But, after his retire- 
ment, when any interesting or difficult case 
was brought to him by any one of them, his 
mind would immediately resume its wonted 
power, and he would often make a suggestion 
that would meet the difficulty and dispose of 
it at once. 

His strength and nerves were no longer 
equal to the strain of his active practice and 
daily duties, in wiiich he had been so long 
an indefatigable worker. This removed him 
from public duties, and from society, but he 
was still the center of family life unto the 
end, and, at his removal, was lamented with 
all the tenderness of affection. 

The four Bowdoin students who com- 
menced their professional life together in 
Boston, terminated their careers in the 
following order: Andrew, Chandler, Wood- 
man, Dodge. Bowdoin is honored in her 
sons. It will not be easy to select another 
four of associated names, starting out in life 
together, of higher worth or of more 

honorable success. ^ tt 

Cyrus Hasilin. 

Modern Languages in the 

WITH all the improvements in the 
college, during the past few years, 
the library lias kept pace and shown, per- 
haps, the greatest advancement. Books have 
been added from time to time to meet the 
requirements of the several branches of 
study — scientific woi-ks, histories, and mod- 
ern productions of English and American 

Latin and Greek classics, innumerable, 
shrouded and embalmed in their casings of 
unreadable notes, are ranged side by side 
in their catacombs, with all honor due to 
those departed tongues. But close beside 
them, and rivahng them in mustiness and 

antiquity, stand other volumes, much the 
same as they were left by Professor Long- 
fellow more than half a century ago. These 
are the Modern Languages. 

Spanish and Italian look the most forlorn. 
German has a brighter aspect, on account of 
several brilliant sets of German classics. It 
is the French, however, whose representation 
in our library is the most out of proportion 
to the great advancement of its literature 
during the present 'century, and to its impor- 
tance as a study in the curriculum. 

In the assortment found upon the French 
shelves is a large edition of the works of 
Voltaire, published some time during the 
French Revolution, with a few volumes of 
more ancient writers standing beside it. Of 
the magnificent literature of our own century 
there is Victor Hugo's " Les Miserables," 
with a " horse " on the same ; a translation 
of one of Jules Verne's tales ; a life of 
Madame de Stael, in English, and a few 
stray volumes of other authors, a very 
meagre showing, truly, for a modern 

We owe it to the literature of France to 
give it a better representation in our library. 
We owe it to the department of Modern 
Languages ; to the most popular of electives 
in our college course, to give French litera- 
ture a better representation. 

First, we owe it to the literature itself, 
because the present condition of the French 
shelves convey a false and inadequate idea 
of the grandeur of the literature of France ; 
because there are French writers, like Victor 
Hugo, whose entire works, as well as those 
of Byron and of Dickens, should be found 
in every college library. 

Secondly, we owe it to the department 
of Modern Languages, because, if French is 
taught here at all, it deserves equal encour- 
agement with every other branch of study ; 
and because it is in the power of the library 
to render greater service to this branch than 



to almost any other. I think it is unnecessary 
to argue that a good collection of interesting 
French books — histories, essays, novels, and 
stories — would accomplish more with a great 
many of the students than the slow plodding 
of the regular lessons. 

While the masters of French literature 
are being given their rightful standing, it 
would be an excellent plan to grant to con- 
temporary French thought a place upon our 
periodical shelves, too long usurped b}' many 
less worthy pamphlets. 

La Revue de Deux Maudes, or even 
L' Illustration, and other more popular sheets 
would find readers and be of as great benefit 
as any of our American and English 

If the students feel an interest in the 
French Literature, as I believe they do, let 
us support heartily Professor Johnson in his 
endeavor to give it its just rights in the 

Since the above was written, Professor 
Johnson has procured for the library some of 
the best works of the French Romantic 
School. It is to be hoped that this is the 
beginning of a revival in the Modern Lan- 
guage Department of the library. 


TN THE last number of the Orient there 
^ appeared an ai'ticle entitled "The Reading- 
Room," in which it was strongly intimated 
that the present manager of that institution 
had been negligent of his duties. Although 
the writer did not say so directly, a perusal 
of the article in question might lead one to 
suppose that, because our reading-room does 
not present the appearance of prosperity 
shown by some of the other college depart- 
ment, it is not properly managed. 

While it is true that a visitor might not 
be very favorably impressed by the appear- 
ance of the room now used for reading pur- 
poses, and while it is also true that the 

association ought to be granted better ac- 
commodations than those which are now 
obtained ; nevertheless I would ask, if the 
responsibility for the conditions as they now 
exist ought to be attributed to the fault of 
the manager ? Is he the one to censure if a 
paper is not always to be found when wanted? 
Is it a part of his duty to remain in the room 
and see that they are not mutilated? Is he 
to blame if, during his absence, some of them 
are taken from the room ? 

Frequently during the last term, when 
any of the papers have been missing, the 
manager has made a call upon the suspected 
culprit; sometimes with the success of find- 
ing and restoring to its proper place the 
article sought for, and at other times with 
the reward of disappointment for his pains. 

When one comes to consider the numer- 
ous obstacles thrown in the way of keeping 
the room in a suitable condition, he will 
become satisfied that the uninviting appear- 
ance which the place presents is not the 
result of carelessness on the part of the man- 
ager alone. 

It is not only the papers which are carried 
from tlie room, but lamps, reflectors, chairs, 
etc., and in fact anything which the pillager 
thinks would be of use in his own room. And 
oftentimes the racks which hold the papers 
are broken or stolen, — gejierally from mere 
wantonness. The replacement of these latter 
articles, as they are customarily obtained, is 
the most arduous duty which falls to lot of 
the reading-room manager ; and any one who 
has occupied that enviable position will agree 
with me in this statement. 

There is yet another way by which the 
magnate of this institution suffers for the 
acts of others. If for any reason a paper — 
daily or weekly— happens to be a little be- 
hindhand in putting in its appearance, it is 
attributed to his neglect of duty and he atones 
for it by being unjustly thought careless by 
his fellow-students. 



Turning from the consideration of the 
room as it now is, let us look at suggestions 
of improvement offered by the author of the 
article to which I have referred. He would 
have sloping desks erected along the sides of 
the room, and the papers attached directly 
to these. This is a plan now in vogue in 
many hotels, yet it is a question whether, if 
put in practice here, it would change for the 
better the present state of affairs. It surely 
would not prevent the cutting and tearing 
of the papers ; and no doubt some possessor 
of a half-famished mind, who never reads 
out of his own rtxjui, would take away the 
paper in halves, if found impossible to do so 
while whole, in order to satiate his longing 
desire for the news of the day. Furthermore 
this scheme would be found impractical with 
our present accommodations, since there is 
not ro(mi enough for benches such as should, 
in accordance with the plan, provide space 
for the papers on the subscription list. 

What we need is a larger apartment ; and 
it seems as if the college ought to fit up for 
us some place more suitable for a reading- 
room. But until we get these new surround- 
ings, the appearance of the room now in use 
might be improved by a little additional 
thought on the part of its patrons. What if 
each one would take slight trouble to hang- 
in its proper place the paper he has been 
reading. Then there would be no difficultj' 
in finding it when wanted. This would not 
call for the expenditure of much energy on 
the part of the individual, and would add 
very much to the neatness of the room's 

Zeta Psi Convention. 
TITHE forty-fifth annual convention of the 
-•■ Zeta Psi Fraternity was held with the 
Upsilon Chapter of Brown Universit}', on 
Thursday and Friday of last week. One hun- 
dred and twenty-five delegates and many 
guests were present. Meetings were held in 

Masonic Temple Thursday at 9 A.M. and 2.30 
P.M. In the evening an informal reception and 
banquet at Tillinghast's was tendered by the 
Upsilon Chapter. A meeting was held Fri- 
day, after which the delegates met in the 
university chapel to listen to an address by 
President Andrews. The Brown Glee Club 
furnished music. The convention concluded 
with a banquet at the Narragansett, Friday 
evening. Many prominent members of the 
fraternity were present. 

The following is a list of the post-pran- 
dial speakers : Orator and toast-master, Aus- 
ten G. Fox of New York, Harvard; poet, 
Ruford Franklin of New York, Columbia ; 
"The Fraternity," Hon. G. M. Van Housen 
of New York, University of New York ; 
" The Grand Chapter," President Harrison 
E. Webster of Union College ; " Zeta Psi 
War Reminiscences," Livingston Saterlee of 
New York, Brown ; " Our Legal Lights," 
James J. Myers of Boston, Harvard ; " Our 
Medical Men," W. K. Otis of New York, 
Columbia; "Brown University," Hon. Henry 
W. Hayes of Bristol, Brown, '76 ; " The 
Press," Dr. A. E. Wyman of the Boston 
Traveller. The toast on the local chapter 
was responded to by E. A. Bowen, '92. 

Francis Lawton, Esq., of New York 
(Brown, '69), is the present President of the 

Following the evening session, Epsilon 
Chapter held an informal banquet at Tilling- 
hast's, with Francis Lawton of New York as 
toast-master. J. C. B. Woods of Providence 
gave an address of welcome, and speeches 
were made by William Grosvenor and Gen- 
eral Dyer. The Fraternity Quartet and 
Banjo Club furnished music. The conven- 
tion was attended by about 125 delegates. 

Tukey, '91, represented the Bowdoin 

Seventy-one American colleges were represented 
by one hundred and eighty-five students at the Uni- 
versity of Berlin last year. 



Finances of the Boating Associ- 
PAVING examined carefully the accounts 
of the Treasurer and Commodore of the 
Bowdoin Navy for the season of 1890, we 
respectfully submit the following report, 
which we believe represents faithfully the 
financial transactions of the Association dur- 
ing the past season : 


Received from Alumni $970.62 

Faculty 97.00 

Undergraduates 805.00 

Cornell Navy (guar- 
antee) 150.00 

Boston Athletic Asso- 
ciation 75.00 

Rebates on money 

paid out 40.25 



Paid M. F. Davis on shells $745.00 

M. F. Davis, repairs, etc. . . . ,35.50 

F. Plaisted for coaching 150.00 

William Pennell, insurance on 

boats 25.00 

For repairs of boat-house and 

floats 65.60 

For Class Cups 16.00 

For board and traveling ex- 
penses of crew to Boston 

(race with B. A. A.) 175.00 

Expenses of crew to Ithaca 

(race with Cornell) 640.45 

Expenses of crew in Bruns- 
wick and Portland 40.00 

Expenses of collecting 38.98 

H. W. Jarvis, suits for crew. . 54.00 

Incidental expenses 117.54 

Cash on hand 34.80 


Liabilities. Dk. 

To cash due M. F. Davison the shells. .$255.00 

Kesouuces. Cr. 

By subscriptions due from alumni $50.00 

Subscriptions due from undergrad- 
uates 96.00 

Cash on hand 34.80 


Net indebtedness 74.20 

T. R. Croswell, '91, 
E. B. Young, '92, 
T. F. Nichols, '92, 

Auditing Committee. 

Our Next Field Day. 

JTfO SOME ifmay seem early to speak of 
*^ an event which does not occur until late 
in the spring, but if good work is to be done 
the winter term is by far the best for the 
"foundation work" which is so necessary for 
success in any branch of athletics. 

Field Day is a comparatively new insti- 
tution at Bowdoin, and until tlie past year 
but little systematic training has been done, 
and even last year few were in prime condi- 
tion for the contests. 

Training is necessary. In a contest be- 
tween ten untrained men and one trained 
man, all the chances are in favor of the latter, 
other things being equal. No one of us 
would think of entering an intercollegiate 
contest without due preparation, and surely 
a victory over Bowdoin men is worthy of as 
much honor as one over another college. 

Now is the time to train. During the 
winter but little is going on, and all could 
easily spare a half-hour each day for extra 
work in the gymnasium ; and systematic 
training in one line for three or four months 
cannot fail of its result. No college of twice 
the number of students contains more really 
good athletic material than our own, and few 
have shown less interest in home contests 
than we. Is this as it should be ! 

Another point in which former Field 
Days have failed is the small number of 
Freshmen participating. There is doubtless 
a natural reluctance to compete with men 
older than yourself, both in years and expe- 
rience, and to appear in a public contest only 
to retire badly beaten, but (and I make the 
assertion without fear of contradiction) no 
Freshman class ever entered Bowdoin that 
could not carry off more than one prize if 
its members trained and practiced faithfully. 

Our records, with very few exceptions 
are low, and several could be easily broken 
by men now in college ; but they, unfortu- 



nately for themselves and the college, prefer 
to do well rather than to do their best. No 
man knows what he can do until he tries, 
and should we all try, together we should 
accomplish wonders. It means work, but it 
can be done. Find out what you are best 
fitted for. Practice for it, and then go in 
and win. 

Rl2yme s^Dsl Reaeon. 

Not Needed. 

It chanced she wore no rubber boots ; 

And down town she was going. 
All night the rain like pitchforks fell, 

The day before 'twas snowing. 
The temperature was forty-eight. 

The walking nasty — very, 
The year had struck that slumpy spot 

Along in January. 

We leaped the gutters till we came 

To one that was much wider. 
(I told you — no, I quite forgot 

To say I walked beside her.) 
She paused a moment on the curb, 

Then whispered I might try it; 
She wasn't heavy — ninety-nine, 

And no one near to spy it. 

Her purpose had been straight to go 

To Smith & Jones, shoe dealers. 
And buy her some new rubber boots — 

There wasn't time to heel hers ; 
She, blusliing, paused before the steps 

That Smith & Jones's lead to. 
And said if I'd walk home with her. 

Perhaps she wouldn't need to. 

Full many a customer that day 

I ween this firm was catching. 
I know not whether they are used 

To count their chicks ere hatching. 
But if in looking through their books, 

(In this I've faith implicit,) 
" A pair of misses' rubber boots " 

They hope to find, they'll miss it." 

The Breath of Night. 

Lonely I lay on the sandy shore 
That reached to the placid lake below. 
Across whose surface a pathway stretched. 
Formed by the moonlight's silvery glow ; 
And all around was still. 
Save the dash of a sparkling rill 
As it sprang from the ragged cliff above 
Unto the arms of the lake, its love. 

Afar on that line of silver sheen 
Arises a ripple of glancing light; 
Softly whispers the still blue lake. 
Blown into waves by the breath of night, 

Adown that silvery line 

With a music sound divine. 
Creeps onward that breath of mystic power. 
Telling the dawn of the midnight hour. 

And now o'er my head the pines are sighing. 
And into my soul the night breaths creep. 
Filling my mind with rapturous music. 
Enfolding me round with quiet sleep. 
All hail to that magic wind. 
For fast my heart it doeth bind, 
And grand indeed are my thoughts and dream s 
'Mid wind lights flashing with fitful-gleams. 

Wild harmonies thrill in vibrant air. 
And beauteous forms glide noiseless round, 
And fragrant perfumes linger ever 
'Twixt vaulted roof and starlit ground. 
And this drear earth seems lost, 
And the soul to heaven lost. 
Such are the visions that flash in their flight, 
Wafted to me by the breath of night. 

Still the Same. 

I pressed her to my throbbing heart, 

I swore no power on earth should part 

Our lives ; our love time should not kill. 

With oft reiterated vow 

I said that as I loved her now. 

When we grew old, I'd love her still. 

The years have passed, and now my wife. 

Whom once I loved as my own life. 

Has all according to her will. 

She rules. The accents of her voice 

Give me no reason to rejoice. 

I sigh, " Oh how I'd love her still ! " 



In Boston. 

The waiter deferentially 

Approached the rustic pair. 
From Deacon Jones he took his coat, 

Helped Mrs. to a chair. 

Before them then he quickly put 

A list of dainty dishes, 
Of soups and oysters, meats and game. 

Of vegetables and fishes, — 

A list that well would satisf}- 

The most fastidious taste ; 
The Deacon, gazing on it, thought 

It was a weary waste. 

The French perplex'd ; " Wife dear," he said, 

" I dunno what it means," 
But finally his eyes lit up 

They saw there "Pork and Beans." 


The over-burdened exchange editor comes back 
and finds the usual scarcitj' of material frorn which 
to draw, for the first issue after the holidays, and, as 
he casts his weary optics around over his almost 
empty table, is positively relieved to discover a copy 
of the Brunonian which is seized upon at once and 
devoured with interest. There is something abso- 
lutely refreshing about the editorials of this paper, 
for they are, for the most part, clearly to the point, 
and deal almost exclusively with matters of real 
college interest. The issue of January 10th contains 
a protest against the habit a good many papers have 
of clipping verse from their exchanges and repro- 
ducing the same without any acknowledgment 
whatever of their source. The Orient, too, has 
cause for complaint in the same line, and can accord 
heartily with the protest of the Brunonian. It is a 
satisfaction to any college paper to see its produc- 
tions appreciated by its fellows, where a simple 
acknowledgment is given, but without this courtesy 
a very diff'erent feeling is engendered. 

The December number of the Adelberl contains a 
sketch of the life of Dr. Thwing, of Minneapolis, 
who has lately been elected to the Presidency of 
Western Reserve University, and it departs some- 
what from the beaten paths of college journalism in 
offering to its readers a political article. 

The Aegis, from the University of Wisconsin, 
presents an article, " Shakespeare vs. Bacon." The 
author is evidently a disciple of Mr. Donnelly, and 
proves to his own satisfaction that Shakespeare did 
not write " Shakespeare," though we doubt if this 
flimpsy and superficial argument would appear very 
convincing to any one else. 

According to the Wellesley Prelude, two hundred 
of the Wellesley students neglected to pay for having 
their trunks carried to the depot last summer, and, 
to use a current phrase, stuck it into the too confiding 
baggage man. Hereafter the dear things will be 
obliged to purchase coupons in advance and stick 
them on to their luggage if they wish it transported. 

In the Harvard Monthli/ for January Professor 
James explains, at some length, the reasons which 
lead the Harvard Faculty to pass the vote reducing 
the course from four to three years, for the Degree 
of A.B. The article is of interest, as it throws light 
on a subject which has not been generally understood. 

The Unit has by far the best verse of any of our 
Western exchanges, both as regards quantity and 
quality. We clip the following little scrap : 

Where fair Diana hung her bow, 

With many arrows strong, 
The modern huntress hangs her skates. 

And takes her beau along. 

The athletic column \v\\\ be discon- 
tinued during the winter. 

L. A. Burleigh, '91, is in Augusta 
this term as oflicial stenographer of 
the legislature. 

Newman, '91, is at home sick. 
Carleton is out teaching this term. 
Plaisted, '94, spent his vacation in the South. 
Gurney, '92, will be absent all this term teaching. 
F. M. Tukey was absent last week at the Zeta 
Psi Convention at Providence. 

Gummer, '92, is out teaching, and Bliss, '94, 
ofiiciates at the organ in his place. 



Kelley, '91, who was out teaching last term, has 
returned to college again. 

The K. of P. have organized a lodge in college, 
and the "syns" are being worked on every hand. 
The lodge meetings are fully attended. 

Poore, '92, is at Augusta this term. He was an 
unsuccessful candidate for assistant secretary to the 

Lee, '92, has returned to college with a luxuriant 
and becoming beard, which deceived his best friends 
as to his identity. 

There was a vei-y enjoyable dance in the court 
room, January 14th. About fifteen couples were in 
attendance. Kfull orchestra furnished music. 

President Hyde was absent both last week and 
the week before, in attendance upon alumni dinners 
at New York, Boston, and Portland. 

There have been narrow escapes from serious 
conflagrations in South Appleton and North Winthrop, 
only averted by the cool-headedness of Messrs. 
Plaisted and Jenks. 

President Hyde is to take up the course in Bible 
study again this term, and gave an opening lecture 
on " How to read the Bible," Tuesday evening, 
January 13th. 

By the way, beards are becoming quite "the 
thiug," especially in the Senior class. Lincoln, A. 
P. McDonald, Mahoney, and Munsey, have all 
blossomed out with new ones. 

The librai'y force now consists of Professor Little, 
Miss Lane, and Loring, '91, Chapin and Machan, 
'93, and Currier and Merrill, '94. It is the largest 
force ever employed there. 

The observatory is now tinislied externally, the 
dome having been completed during vacation. It 
is now being fitted up inside, and the instruments 
will soon be put in place. 

The grove of small evergreen trees near South 
Appleton is being cut away, as they were getting a 
little too thick for comfort. The tennis balls will 
not get lost so easily next term. 

One of the Bangor delegation surprised his 
friends the other day by telling them he was so 
hoarse that he could not " strike a chord." Perhaps 
he could have had better success with a discord. 

The news from New York is, that the contest 
over the Fayerweather will, in which Bowdoin is so 
much interested, is to be heard by the Surrogate, 
January 26th, 27th, and 28th. The interests of the 
college will be well looked out for by G-eneral 
Hubbard, '58, one of the leading lawyers of the city. 

Quite a number of students attended the exhibi- 
tion drill of the Nealey Rifles in the Town Hall, 
January 15th, and a few joined in the giddy whirl 
of the dance following. 

To the library have been added recently some 
twenty-five volumes in the series of " Lives of Great 
Writers," and handsome imported editions of the 
works of Hugo, Balzac, George Sand, and Gautier 
in the French. 

One of the Psi Upsilon Freshmen has been mak- 
ing some experiments with a " dumb '' piano at the 
club lately, and those who were present say they 
prefer his performance on an instrument of this kind 
to his work on one in good condition. 

Professor Wells will have each member of his 
Political Economy Division write a thesis on some 
important, economical, or social question during the 
term, the newspapers of the day being relied upon 
as the chief basis of the paper. 

The first meeting of the Debating Society for the 
term was to have taken place January 13th, but was 
postponed two weeks. The subject will be "The 
Foundation of a National University." They are 
talking of holding a mock-trial suit. 

In the gymnasium this term the Seniors are to 
exercise by fencing, the Juniors with single-sticks, 
the Sophomores with wands or dumb-bells, and the 
Freshmen with clubs. It is hoped that the athletic 
exhibition next spring will be one of the most 
successful ever held. 

Professor Chapman gave the opening lecture in 
the Brunswick Public Library Course, Tuesday, 
January 13th, with a lecture on " The Uses of Books 
and Libraries," while Professor Wells followed, a 
week later, with one on " History." Quite a number 
of students attended both lectures. 

Smith's Cadet Band, of five pieces, and a drum- 
major has been making South Appleton musical 
during the past week, and the favored ones who were 
serenaded were obliged to " set up " for the proces- 
sion at the point of the revolver of one of the 

The Athletic Association met last week and 
elected the following oflicers : President, E. A. Pugs- 
ley, '92 ; Vice-President, M. S. Clifford, '93 ; Secre- 
tary and Treasurer, A. A. Hussey, '93 ; Directors, 
J. b. Merryman, "92 ; G. S. Machan, F. S. Frost, '93 ; 
A. Chapman, H. A. Bagley, '94 ; Master of Cere- 
monies, G. Downes. 

The boat crew are now undergoing daily exer- 
cise of a violent character, occasionally taking an 
out-of-door run when the weather is not too 



inclement, oi- the ground too slippery or slushy. 
Parker is captain this year, and with him in training 
are C. H. Hastings, Home, and Jackson, '91, 
Bartlett, '92, Carleton, Ridley, '93, Farringtoii, 
Anderson, Horsman, "94. 

The Foot-Ball Association met in Lower Memo- 
rial, January l-i:th, and elected as officers. President, 
H. C. Emery, '92 ; Vice-President, J. F. Hull, '92 ; 
Treasurer, E. A. Pugsley, '92 ; First Director and 
Manager, E. B. Young, '92 ; other Directors, 
Baldwin, Clitfoi'd, Fabyan, and Plaisted. Reports 
• of retiring officers were read and accepted. No 
captain was elected at the meeting. 

The opening lecture in the Y. M. C. A. Course 
was given in Memorial Hall, last Thursday evening, 
by Mr. J. P. Baxter, President of the Maine His- 
torical Society. In his lecture, " An Historic City," 
he gave an interesting history of the old city 
of Louisburg, founded in Nova Scotia in 1720, 
which held the closest attention of his audience. 
The next lecture will come Friday, and will be 
"New England Primer Days," by Mr. F. A. Hill, of 

Professor Robinson is going to form a " Chemical 
Club" with the members of the Senior Chemistry 
Division. It is intended to take up chemical and 
scientific matters more socially than is possible in 
the class-room, and it will meet fortnightly on 
Monday evenings at Professor Robinson's house. 
About twenty-five members will join it. C. E. 
Riley is to act as secretary. The move is a good 
one and will add much to the interest felt in the 

Attractions in the amusement line have been 
unusually numerous lately. Chanfrau in "Kit the 
Arkansaw Traveler," Philip Phillips in three illus- 
trated lectures, and Atkinson's and Cook's Minstrels 
have occupied the Town Hall, while a lecture on the 
Oberammergau Passion Play, and the opening 
lectures in a free Public Library Course, and the 
Y. M. C. A: Course have also occurred. Several of 
the boys went into Portland to hear Henry M. 
Stanley lecture, January 13th. 

The first themes are due January 21st with the 
following subjects: Juniors — " What are the Requi- 
sites for Success in the Law?" (to be followed by 
similar subjects on medicine and theology). "Are 
our Naturalization Laws Sufficiently Stringent?" 
" The Magazine Poetry of To-day." Sophomores — 
"The Causes of the Recent Indian Troubles." 
" Gold Mining in Northern Maine." " The Poetry of 
N. P. Willis." Students are now required to hand 
in with the themes a plan of the argument employed. 

The Sophomore prize declamation took place, 
December 18th, in Memorial Hall. For the first 
time in many years tliere was no music, but the 
exhibition was unusually entertaining, and the parts 
were all well spoken. The following was the 
programme : 

Defense of Hofee.— Anon. Elmer H. Carleton, Dresden. 
A Soldier of the Empire.— Page. 

Sanford O. Baldwin, Topsham. 
The Leper.— Willis. *Augustus A. Hussey, Houlton. 

The New South.— Grady. * Chas. C. Bucknam, Eastporl. 
Pericles to the People.— Kellogg. 

Weston P. Chamberlain, Bristol. 
Extract from Speech. — Phillips. 

John H. Pierce, Portland. 
The Legend of the Organ Builder.— Dorr. 

Alley R. Jenks, Houlton. 
Pompeii.— Anon. Milton S. Clifford, Bangor. 

Tlie Light from Over the Range.— Anon. 

Chas. H. Howard, Paris. 
Herve Riel.— Browning. 

Clarence W. Peabody, Portland. 
Eulogy on Gariield. — Blaine. 

Harry C. Fabyan, Portland. 
On the Foreign Policy of England.— Bright. 

*Bennie B. Whitcomb, Ellsworth. 
* Excused. 

Committee — H. C. Fabyan, W. P. Chamberlain, 
C. H. Howard. 

The Committee on Award gave first prize to C. 
W. Peabody, and the second to A. R. Jenks. 

In the article," The Chapel Panels," published in 
No. 9 of the Orient, the panel, representing the 
giving of the Ten Commandments, was attributed to 
the class of 1881, when we are really indebted 
to the generosity of the class of 1877 for the gift. 
We offer our apologies to the class for our uninten- 
tional blunder. 


TTTO INTRODUCE the latest invention in fountain or 
"^1^ self-feeding pocket pens, the Diinlap Pen Co., 280 
Washington St., Boston, Mass., during the next 
ten days, will mail you, for 25 cents in stamps, a complete 
fountain pocket pen and a six months' supply of stylo- 
graphic ink. This company is one of the oldest and most 
reliable in the country; the above offer is a genuine bargain, 
and one that should not be allowed to pass by uugrasped 
and become one of the " might-have-beens" of life. 


any coins issued before 1871, with plain dates, should 
write to MK. W. E. SKINNER, 325 Washing- 
ton St., Boston, Mass., enclosing stamps for reply. 
He pays higli prices for many dates. One man in Con- 
necticut found a coin worth $1000 last month and several 
others have done as well in the past. The collecting of 
coins is a profitable business, especially to people who live 
in country towns. 




Third Half-Y early Canadian Agriculturist Word 
Competition— .$5,000 to be Given Away. 

The third great Word Competition for th^'' Cana- 
dian Agriculturist and Home Magazine," Canada's 
great and popular Home and Farm Journal, is now 
open. The following magniticent prizes will be given 
free to persons sending in the greatest number of 
words made up out of the letters contained in the 
two words, "The Agriculturist." 

1st Prize $1,000 in Gold 

2d " $500 in Gold 

3d " $1,000 Grand Piano 

4th " $500 Piano 

oth " $300 Organ 

6th •' Ticket to England and return 

7th " Lady's Gold Watch 

8th " Gent's Gold Watch 

9th " China Tea Set 

10th " Hunting Case Silver Watch 

11th " Boy's Silver Watch 

25 prizes of $10 each. 50 prizes of $5 each. 100 
prizes of $2 each. 200 prizes of $1 each. Mak- 
ing a total 386 prizes, the value of which will 
aggregate $5000. This Grand Word-Making Com- 
petition is open to everybody, everywhere, subject 
to the following conditions : The words must be 
constructed from the two word.s " The Agriculturist." 
and must be only such as may be found in Webster's 
Unabridged Dictionary, and in the body of the book, 
none of the supplement to be used. The words must 
be written in ink on one side of the paper only, and 
numbered in rotation, 1, 2, 3, and so on to the end of 
the list, for facilitating in deciding the winners. The 
list containing the largest number of words will be 
awarded first prize, and so on in the order of merit. 
Each list as it is received at the office of the "Cana- 
dian Agriculturist" will be numbered, and if two or 
more tie on the largest list, the first received will be 
awarded the first prize, the next second and so on. 
Therefore the benefit of sending in early will readily 
be seen. Each list must be accompanied by $1 for 
six months' subscription to the " Canadian Agricultu- 
rist." One person can send in one or more lists, 
accompanying each list with $1, for which the paper 
will be sent to any address for six months. The best 
family paper in Canada. It is by no means a new 
paper, but has been established upwards of seven 
years, and each year grows in the estimation of the 
subscriber. It contains no trashy, highly colored 
fiction, but has interesting stories of a higher class 
by the most popular authors of the day. It is emi- 

nently the paper for the home circle, and at $2 a 
year is the cheapest and best paper in the market. 
This competition will commence now and remain open 
for three months. Remember, you are paying $1 for 
six months' subscription to one of the best home 
papers in Canada, and at the same time run a good 
chance of winning a valuable prize. Every one send- 
ing a list of not less than twenty words will receive 
a present. 

Agents Wanted. — The object of the publisher 
of the "Canadian Agriculturist" in giving away 
these large amounts in cash, is to extend the circu- 
lation of the paper, and a number of agents are 
required in every locality, to whom liberal pay will 
be ofiered. Send three cent stamp for full par- 
ticulars as to clubbing rates, etc. Address, The 
Canadian Agriculturist, Peterborough, Ontario. 

y. /A. e.fl. Column. 

The first meeting of the term, as had been 
planned, was of the nature of a consecration meeting, 
and was characterized by a spirit of deep earnestness. 

The idea that seemed to have possession of most 
of those that spoke was that if the spirit of Christ 
was in the members it would show itself unmistak- 
ably in tlieir talk and acts. If this idea maintains 
its hold on the Christians in the college, a term of 
faithful wni-k may be confidently expected. 

A brief summary of the association's expenditures 
for the past two years, together with the expendi- 
tures thus far this year, and estimates for the re- 
mainder of the year, are given as follows : 


Gas $7.05 

Printing, 4.00 

Expenses at State Convention held at the college, 35.10 

Expenses of delegates, 2.50 

Donation to State Association ('87's pledge), . 15.00 

Sundries, 3.75 

Donation for current year to State Association, 25.00 


Gas $13.80 

Printing • . 7.00 

Expenses of delegates to State and N. E. Conven- 
tions 41.67 

Donation to State Association 100.00 

Keports of '88 State Convention, . . . 6.25 

Expenses for Addresses, 11.50 

Sundries. 9.78 




1890 {year closes June, 1891). 

Gas, $11.25 

Printing, 14.60 

Delegates expenses, 40.50 

Expenses lor addresses, 18.78 

Sundries, 7.75 

Donation to State Association 50.00 

Cash to International Committee, . . . 3.00 

Estimates for rest of year : 
Contemplated expenses, printing, gas, speakers, etc. , 70.00 


These amounts have beeu raised by the annual 
dues, formerly 50 cents, but since the beginning of this 
year $1.50, from active members and from such of 
the associate members as had sufficient interest in 
the association's work to aid it financially; from 
assessments fur particular purposes ; from Faculty 
subscriptions ; and last year, from the profits of a 
lecture course. 

It will be seen that as the association approaches 
more nearly to the methods used in such work in 
colleges where it is best organized and most suc- 
cessful, the expenses increase. 

It is in order to enable the association to broaden 
wisely its work, and at the same time to relieve its 
officers from the uncertainty attendant upon the former 
methods of meeting the expenses, that our annual 
lecture course has been established. 

We believe the end is worthy of our best endeavors 
in arranging the course, and that the latter justifies 
our request for its general patronage by students and 

Among the new branches of work we desire to 
push are inter-visitation among the colleges of the 
State, the sending of deputations to the acadenaies 
and fitting schools, and the support, partial or entire, 
of a man in foreign missions. In this latter work the 
association will have to confess it has done almost 
nothing; it has fallen way behind most of the college 
associations, and has suffered for its neglect. 

The Bible class, which was so remarkably suc- 
cessful last term, commenced work Tuesday evening, 
January 12th, with a lecture on " How to Read the 
Bible." President Hyde elaborated the following 
points : 

1st. Read regularly and by habit. 

(a). It will thus become an acquired taste. 

2d. Read actively rather than passively. 

3d. Read topically rather than by pages. 

4th. Read with continuity and for a definite pur- 

(a), e.g. Trace a character's development, as 
David's or Samuel's. 

(b). Read the epistles through at a sitting, if 
possible, and note carefully the logical connection 
between chapters. 

5th. Make " clearings," " blaze paths" by means 
of a system of marking, that it may be yours, and a 
growing Bible, to you. 

Cth. Select the portions you read on principle. 

(a). A young man in active business life would 
get the most out of Proverbs. 

(b). To counteract the tendency sometimes felt to 
think religion puts one at a disadvantage read, e.g., 
Psalms 37. 

(c). If your religion tends to become unpractical 
and dreamy, read James. 

(d). If you find conceit and vanity appearing in 
yourself, read 13th chapter, 1st Corinthians. 

(e). If you seem to be engaged in active but 
fruitless Christian work, read the parables about the 

(f). If you need to have your sense of responsi- 
bility waked up, and to be spurred to more work, 
read 25th chapter Matthew, 14-30. 

(g). When oppressed by your own feelings, read 
the 7th and 8th chapters of Romans. 

The Bible was written out of human needs ; they 
have not changed, and it will fit them now. 

Last term the prayer-meeting committee urged 
the Christians in each end to hold a service for five 
minutes or less in one room, just before the Thurs- 
day evening meeting to get themselves into a proper 
spirit for attendance and participation at the later 
meeting. The plan worked well where it was per- 
sisted in, and it is doubtful if a better one can be 
devised. A poor plan carried out with spirit is 
better than a good one half executed, but a good plan 
well carried out is what this will be if enthusiasti- 
cally adopted this term. 

The deputation work committee has agreed to 
supply four or more students at Hillside every fair 
Sunday of this term. Several profitable meetings 
have already been held there this winter, by the stu- 
dents, and the opportunity is a promising one. The 
four-mile walk out is nothing to some of the deputa- 
tions, and only a benefit to those who notice that it is 
rather long. 

Several of the Seniors have spoken lately of the 
almost ideal character of the class prayer-meetings, 
held Freshman year, and the benefits derived from 

Singing at the meetings has rather fallen ofl' of 
late, in quality and quantity. There is a double ob- 
ligation on those who can sing to be present regularly 
and promptly, for singing should be an important 
and attractive part of every meeting. 



When the attendance is confined to the class there 
is a freedom, not felt in the general meeting. Would 
it not be a good plan for the Christian men of '94 to try? 
The Y. M. C. A. room is at their disposal, and a 
half-hour meeting can be squeezed into almost any 
evening or afternoon. 

The N. E. College Conference of Y. M. C. A.s 
will be held at Williams, February 6-8. Probably 
several delegates from Bovvdoin will be present. It 
is hoped it will, and bids fair to be the best college 
conference ever held in New England. 

The prayer-meeting committee has gotten out 
very neat topic cards this term. They contain besides 
the usual dates, subjects, leaders, etc., a calendar 
for the year, which it is hoped will cause them to be 
opened and looked at more frequently than heretofore. 

'oil. — At the twenty-sec- 

' ond annual meeting of the 

Bovvdoin Alumni of Portland, George 

T. Emery was elected president for 

the ensuing year. 

'4:9. — Hou. Joseph Williamson was ap- 
pointed one of the vice-presidents of the New England 
Historic Genealogical Society, at its annual meeting 
in Boston, January 7th. 

'60. — Hon. L. G. Downes, of Calais, who is the 
choice of Washington County Republicans for the 
next council, has long been prominently interested 
in State affairs pertaining to his section. Pie has 
served in the council before, was mayor of Calais in 
1876, and has always taken great interest in muni- 
cipal matters. He is a lawyer by profession, and is 
President of the Calais Bank. By training and edu- 
cation he comes to the oflB.ce well qualified to fill all. 
'60. — Rev. Charles Penney, D.D., for twenty years 
pastor of the Free Baptist church in Augusta, is sup- 
plying the Auburn Free Baptist church in the absence 
of their pastor. When Dr. Penney left Augusta his 
health was extremely feeble, and he spent several 
years in the West in the hope of receiving physical 
benefit. He had so far recovered hist fall that he 
decided to return to his old home. This winter he 
has been enjoying unusually good health, and has 
not had to skip a Sunday's work thus far. He 

preaches with great simplicity, yet at the same time 
with great earnestness, and is always listened to by 
large congiegations. 

'61. — Edwin Emery, for thirteen years the efficient 
academic instructor on the Revenue Marine bark, 
S. P. Chase, has entered the insurance firm of Law- 
rence, Grinnell & Co., New Bedford, Mass. 

'62. — Col. Melville A. Cochran is now in command 
of Fort Thomas, Kentucky. 

'64.— Hon. Charles F. Libby of Portland was, at 
the assembling of the Maine Legislature, January 
7th, unanimously elected President of the Senate. 
Mr. Libby was born in Limerick in 1844, and gradu- 
ated from Bovvdoin College in the class of 1864. 
He studied law at the Columbia Law School in 
1855-6, and two yeai's in Europe, at Paris and 
Heidelburg. Having been admitted to the Cumber- 
land County bar in 1866, he soon after commenced 
practice as a member of the firm of Sj'monds & Libby. 
This firm dissolved in 1872 by the appointment of 
Judge Symonds to the bench of the Supreme Judi- 
cial Court. On the resignation of Judge Symonds 
from the bench in the spring of 1884, the firm was 
again renewed and still continues. He was County 
Attorney of Cumberland County from 1872 to 1879, 
City Solicitor of Portland in 1871, and Mayor of the 
City in 1882. In 1889 he was a member of the upper 
branch of the Maine Legislature. 

'68. — Nicholas Fesseuden, Maine's new Secretary 
of State, was born in Saoo in 1847. After leaving 
college he studied law, being now a member of the 
Aroostook County bar, and having his residence at 
Fort Fairfield. He served in the council in 1883 and 
1884. For four years he has filled most successfully 
the position of Clerk of the House. Mr. Fessenden 
comes to his new position thoroughly conversant with 
public affairs in the State. 

'73. — Hon. A. P. Wiswell, who has been elected 
speaker of the Maine House, was undoubtedly the 
best man in that body for the position. Although 
but thirty-eight years of age, he has already shown 
remarkable ability as a leader, and he is also a fluent 
and eloquent speaker. From 1878 to 1881 he was 
judge of the Ellsworth Municipal Court. In 1883 he 
was appointed National Bank examiner, which 
position he held until his resignation in September, 
1886. He was a member of the House in 1887 and 
1889, and was chairman of the judiciary committee 
in the latter year. 

'84. — Charles E. Adams has recently entered upon 
his duties as director of the gymnasium at Rutgers 

M. S., '87.— Dr. Walter E. Elwell, assistant sur- 
geon at the Togus Soldiers' Home, was united in 



marriage, January 10th, to Miss Grace L. Richard- 
son of Portland. 

'89. — Sidnej' G. Stacy has secured a scholarship 
for the excellence of his work in Latin at Johns 
Hopkins University. 

Stevens Institute has adopted a college pin. 

Princeton needs larger gymnasium accommoda- 

The Yale crew has just begun to row in the tank. 
There are about thirty candidates for the position. 

Yale is said to draw tlie majority of her students 
from the West at the present time. 

The Dramatic Club of the College of the City of 
New York will soon present a comedy to the public. 

The new dormitory at Princeton is now ready for 

A new marking system has been adopted at Syra- 
cuse University. 

Twenty thousand dollars have been subscribed 
by a Detroit man towards building a gym for Michi- 
gan University. 

Toronto University has won the association foot- 
ball championship of Canada. 

Phillips Exeter Academy will have a colored 
class orator this year. 

The University of Nebraska has adopted the 
three-mai'k method, failed, conditioned, and passed. 

An average of one out of every 549 men in Con- 
necticut attends college. No other State equals this. 

The Y. M. C. A. of Harvard University has a 
regularly organized deputation work among the 

Trafibrd, Harvard's famous full-back, has been 
elected captain of the foot-ball eleven at thai college 
for the ensuing year. 

An English paper lias started a foot-ball insurance 
system. For a penny, foot-ball men are insured 
against fatal accidents for $500. 

NOTICE To All Who Have Not Paid Their 
Subscriptions to ORIENT. 

Brdnsv/ick, Me., 189 . 

Mr Dr. 

To subscription for Vol. 20 of Bovtdoin Orient, 


Business Editor. 

Our printers are rushing us for their money. You 
would confer a great favor to the Board by paying 
for this volume at your earliest convenience. 


;it low prices, send to 

W. W. Ellis, Stationer, 

Aktistic Work a Specialty. 


Dealer in all kinds of 


Vegetables, Fruit, and Country Produce. 

MAIN STREET, under L. D. Snow's Grocery Store. 








Vol. XX. 

No. 13. 





T. S. Burr, '91, Managing Editor. 

A. T. Brown, '91, Business Editor. 
L. A. Burleigh, '91. E. H. Neweegin, '91. 

H. S. Chapman, '91. B. D. Ridlon, '91. 

H. W. Jaryis, '91. F. V. Gummer, '92. 

C. .S. F. Lincoln, '91. C. W. Peaeody, '93. 

Per annum, in advance, 
Single Copies, 

15 cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at the boolistores or on applica- 
tion to tlie Business Editor. 

Remittances siiould be made to tiie Business Editor. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribuce 
liter.ary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accorapanierl by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

In contributing to the Orient assume a nom deplume, and 
afli.x it to each article contiibuted. Articles should be sent 
through the mail to the Managing Editor. Deposit with Mr. 
A. W. Tolman a sealed envelope containing both your real and 
assumed name. 

Entered at the Post-Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 


Vol. XX., No. 13.— February i,"1891. 

Editorial Notes, 223 


A Vital Question 225 

Old-Time Incident, 226 

Chapel Etiquette, 227 

Ehyme and Reason: 

Disappointment 228 

Song of the Magazine Poet 228 

A Fragment, 228 

A Maiden's Proposal 228 

Exchanges 228 

CoLLEGii Tabula 229 

Y. M. C. A 

Personal, . . , 
College World, 



For some time the subject of finan- 
cial management of athletic teams has been 
before the students, and it has \ong been ap- 
parent that a change of some sort ought to 
be instituted. A plan has been arranged and 
before this issue of the Orient appears, has 
been either rejected or accepted, by which 
control of the various associations shall be 
placed in the hands of an advisory com- 
mittee. This committee is to consist of the 
managers of the various athletic teams, two 
members of the Faculty, and two represen- 
tatives of the alumni. All managers are to 
be directly responsible to this committee, 
and in case of mismanagement, the com- 
mittee has power to declare the office of 
manager vacant, and call for a new election. 
The committee is also authorized to declare 
the amount of money to be raised in each 
department of athletics for the support of a 
team, and in case at any time it should be 
found impossible to support all the athletic 
teams, it can choose which to support and 
which to temporarily lay aside. One of the 
very best results of such a committee will 
be the strict oversight kept upon managers, 
especially in regard to mone}' expenditures. 
Accounts may be called for at any time, and 
in case of looseness of any kind, explanation 
may be demanded. This will call for a strict 
system of book-keeping and an economical 



investment of the funds. The alumni have 
in the past done much for the college ath- 
letics, and are certainly entitled to committee 
representation. The Faculty are in sympa- 
thy with such a plan, and will give it their 
hearty co-operation. Membership of this 
committee will call out the very best men in 
college as managers of teams, and under such 
a system athletics should take a new start 
with brighter prospects for success than has 
been the ease in the past. 

TT LOOKS as though Bowdoin was to 
-*■ have a scientific expedition. Professor 
Lee has, for some time, been contemplating 
a visit to Labrador, in the interest of scientific 
pursuits, and it appears now as though next 
summer will see the consummation of the 
scheme. The plan is to cliarter a vessel and 
crew, and make a start immediately at the 
close of the college year, the exploration to 
consume the greater part of the summer. 
Professor Lee is to be at the head of the 
expedition, and will, in case the plan suc- 
ceeds, be accompanied by Mr. Parker and 
several of the students who are interested in 
biological and geological subjects. The 
fauna of the region will be a special object 
of study, and skins will be procured and 
preserved for future use. Of course the 
success of such a plan depends largely upon 
the financial support received, and it is 
hoped that sufficient money will be forth- 
coming to ensure the carrying out of the idea. 

yrjHE Faculty seem rather prone, of late, 
-*■ to put into effect new rules and regu- 
lations without previous^ acquainting the 
students with the change. The new system 
of chapel attendance is a good illustration. 
Students who have accumulated an abund- 
ant supply of " cuts " have been summoned, 
and then told that no excuses would be 
valid except illness or absence from town. 

If a student fails to attend chapel his excuse 
should be considered. There are many 
reasons beside the two named that often 
necessitate a cut. Men who board at the 
restaurant find it a matter of considerable 
difficulty to secure both the physical andspirit- 
ual breakfast every morning, and in case of an 
occasional omission of the latter it seems as 
though the excuse of distance ought to be 
regarded. If any excuse is to be considered 
it seems as though all should be, provided 
they come within the limits of reason. At 
any rate something ought to have been .said 
in regard to the change in affairs before the 
students had allowed their cuts to approach 
the limit without understanding the new 
system of excuses. 

TITHE work of the crew in the gymnasium 
-*■ is deserving of the highest commendation. 
The number of promising candidates and 
the efficient course of training seem to 
promise a well-manned boat for the season 
of 1891. The crew are our most conscien- 
tious trainers, and may well be taken as 
examples for all our athletic teams. 

'n COMMUNICATION has been received 
/ -»■ from the Amherst Glee Club, asking 
in regard to the best time for giving a con- 
cert in Brunswick. It is to be hoped that a 
date can be arranged, and the students given 
an opportunity of passing an evening with 
this well-known musical organization. The 
letter also inquires in regard to Bowdoin's 
prospects of a Glee Club this year, and ex- 
presses a desire to give a joint concert in 
Town Hall. This would doubtless prove a 
drawing card at Brunswick, and would be a 
paying investment. If the Glee Club could 
be brought up to the standard it reached 
several years ago, such a concert would not 
reflect discredit upon Bowdoin, and would 
doubtless prove a great attraction. Whether 



or not Bowdoin has the material for a suc- 
cessful Glee Club is a question, but it seems 
as though, in an institution of this size, 
such an organization might be made a 
success. The matter, at any rate, deserves 
consideration, and it is hoped something- 
definite may be done about it. 



A Vital Question. 
JI^HE matter of strict economy in every 
"*■ branch of athletics is now of vital im- 
portance to us as a college. The expense of 
the Boating Association now in sujjporting 
an eight is much heavier than when the In- 
tercollegiate races were rowed in fours ; the 
Base-Ball Association is not by any means 
self-supporting ; and, in addition, we have 
within tlie last two years taken upon our- 
selves the support of another and not inex- 
pensive association, viz.: the Foot-Ball As- 
sociation. It must necessarily entail a heavy 
expense for us (situated at such a distance 
from the foot-ball center) to obtain the prac- 
tice which will put us upon a level witli the 
other members of tliis league into which we 
have entered. It is very evident that our 
expenses have increased greatly during the 
last two years, while our resources have not 
by any means kept pace with them. It is 
also evident that by the present method we 
cannot carry all these branches to a successful 
issue, and that we must drop one or more of 
them in order to make a success of the 
others. That the interests of these various 
branches, have, at different times during 
their existence, been greatly damaged by 
careless and uiibusiness-like management, is 
too true. Three years ago we could probably 
have passed safely over any ordinary mis- 
management wliich might have come up. 
Now it is entirely different. We, a college 

with only one hundred and eighty-five 
students and situated so far from the college 
center, so to speak, are now supporting all 
that we can, successfully/, even when the man- 
aging is done in the most economical manner. 
Any but the most economical management 
now, would be of great damage to the in- 
terests of these sports. Perhaps it would be 
years before we could recover from the blow. 

Now it is just at such a crisis that this new 
movement comes to our aid. This measure, 
to have all branches in athletics controlled 
by a general athletic committee is worthy of 
our hearty approval and support. The con- 
stitution, as drawn up by the presidents and 
managers of the different associations, de- 
clares that the committee shall consist of 
two of the Faculty, two alumni, and the 
managers of the four athletic associations. 
The object is to see that all the business of 
the associations be done in an economical and 
business-like manner, and to determine tlie 
amounts of money to be expended by the 
several associations each year. The spirit 
of the constitution seems to be that these 
several amounts shall be expended for the 
purposes for which the committee had jjre- 
viously determined them. In other words 
each association is to be allowed a certain 
amount from a general athletic fund. If 
any manager expends more than his allotted 
sum, thereby placing his association in debt, 
and if he cannot show to the committee good 
and sufficient reasons for doing so, he is very 
liable to have his office declared vacant. 
The committee is also empowered to ex- 
amine, from time to time, the books of the 
different associations to ascertain whether or 
not needless expenditures are being made 
and if so, to check any such expenditures. 

This ouglit certainly to accomplish the 
desired object, and it would surely be a great 
boon to the general interests of athletic. It 
would also give to the subscribing students 
(and, in fact, to all subscribers) more assur- 



ance that their money would be expended 
for those things absolutely necessary and not 
for luxuries, or at least things that might 
easily be dispensed with. 

An Old-Time Incident. 

IT WAS many years ago, in the compara- 
tively infant days of Bowdoin, that the 
following incident occurred. 

In those times one physician did duty for 
half a dozen towns, and Brunswick was the 
proud possessor of one of those useful and 
hard-working men. He was a venerable man, 
and as one saw him winding his way through 
the village streets, the mind was carried back 
to the jolly days of yore, when tri-cocked 
hats and knee breeches were the order of 
the day. 

But with all his looks of jollitj^ and good 
humor, a closer contact with him revealed 
that his nature rather went to the opposite 
extreme. In fact, he was almost detested by 
the college boys. 

It is needless to say that this honorable 
doctor nossessed one of those useful animals, 
a hors>.. But what a specimen of that noble 
beast ! Such a sight is often seen, even in 
our day ; an old white horse, whose frame- 
work protruded in a most alarming and 
])ainful manner. The more work the poor 
quadruped was obliged to do, seemingly the 
less was he given to eat. Thinner and 
thinner grew the white shadow. People on 
the street would cry out to the doctor as he 
passed, " You'll see the ghost of that horse 
some day." But time moved on and so did 
the horse. 

One bitter cold night the doctor had a call 
to visit a patient who resided some miles back 
in the country. Of course his faithful animal 
must bear him on the journey. With weary 
steps the mass of skin and bones crept over 
the snowy white road, ever urged on by a 
resounding cut of the wliip. The return was 

even more painful, and when the welcome 
barn was reached the weary beast could with 
diiBculty drag his tired self into his stall. 

That night saw the end of his earthly 
existence, and the morning light revealed to 
the astonished gaze of the doctor the cold 
body of his abused but faithful friend. The 
carcass was quickly carted off to a neighbor- 
ing field and left a prey to the foxes. 

" Not so," said the college boys. " We 
must have our fun now. We told him he 
would see his old plug's ghost and he must 
do it." 

About midnight twenty -five students could 
be seen stealing stealthily toward the field 
where lay the dead horse. Slowly and wearily 
they dragged the ghost-like beast toward the 
doctor's house. By dint of much struggling 
and lifting, the body was raised. The fore 
legs were placed upon the door, so that when 
the doctor opened it his faithful charger 
would fall directly upon him. 

The old man had a habit of arising about 
four in the morning, and always went imme- 
diately to the barn. The boys had found 
this out and were laying in wait in an old 
blacksmith's shop opposite the house. Sud- 
denly they heard a crash, then a low moan, 
and they knew their labor had not been in 
vain. But something must be done for the 
old doctor. Nobody knew what injuries he 
might have sustained. Accordingly a small 
detachment was dispatched to examine the 
case in question and to give whatever assist- 
ance might be necessary to disentangle the 
old man from the snare into which he had 
fallen. Not without many misgivings did the 
five chosen ones emerge from their shelter 
and seek their victim. 

With stealthy steps thej'^ crept up the 
path and looked in at the door. The sight 
which greeted them made the heart of every 
man stand in his throat. Lying flat on his 
back was the old doctor. To every appear- 
ance his ever-plodding heart had ceased its 



plodding, and was now in a state of tran- 
quility. With bated breath, the young col- 
legians lifted the ajjparent corpse, when lo ! 
as from the depths of the tomb the old man's 
sepulchral voice showed that he was far from 
the state in which he had been imagined 
to be. 

Of course the boys made all the excuses 
that could possibly be made, but the doctor 
did not seem to relish the apparently huge 
joke which had been perpetrated upon him. 
It was but natural that the officers of the 
college should be informed of the incident. 

About three days after this little episode, 
five young men, with faces rather longer than 
is ordinarily the case with the American type 
of mankind, could be seen slowly creeping 
toward the depot. Five valises and as many 
trunks also left on the same train, and the 
doctor's persecutors were given an ample 
vacation in which to patch up their wounded 

As for the old doctor, he purchased 
another gallant steed, and it can be said to 
his credit that the animal showed its frame- 
work less conspicuously than its predecessor. 
However, the venerable physician was never 
a prime favorite with the learning-seekers of 

Chapel Etiquette. 

IT IS interesting, to say the least, to observe 
the manner in which different students 
conduct themselves during chapel exercise. 
Quite a good majority of them are interested 
in the exercise as a whole ; a few, however, 
are not. During the reading of the scripture 
lesson these are either looking up fine (?) 
points in the lesson for the next hour or are 
busily engaged talking with the next man in 
front or behind them. This may or may not 
go on during the singing, but if the prayer 
which follows happens to be longer than 
some think it should be, there is that inces- 
sant thumping against the steam pipes which 

renders it impossible for those who are listen- 
ing to hear what is said. 

Now if any one has no interest in such 
things for himself, as little as he can do is to 
show his respect for the cause and the speaker 
by keeping quiet and not trying to dictate as 
to how long one or another should pray. It 
is quite probable that the one who is making 
the prayer is as good a judge of its length as 
the one who is inclined to dictate ; and it is 
quite certain that such would-be dictation 
has not been nor ever will be effective in 
carrying out the end aimed at. 

Ministers and laymen in general seldom 
read a passage of scripture without announc- 
ing either before or after the reading in what 
part of the Bible it may be found. In the 
case of very interesting passages (and most 
of them are such), the student would often 
like to read it afterward for himself; but 
unless he is familiar with the Bible they can- 
not be found without some delay. The read- 
ing may receive additional impressiveness by 
the reader not giving the place, but there are 
certainly good reasons for announcing pre- 
viously where the scripture lesson ,may be 
found. " 

Three-tifths of the Faculty of Harvard have voted 
in favor of a three-years course. 

The buildings for the new Stanford University, 
built by Senator and Mrs. Stanford as a monument to 
their son Leland, are rapidly approaching completion. 
They are situated at Palo Alto, an estate of 8,000 

The Yale University library has received a val- 
uable addition in a gift from Franklyn B. Dexter, 
secretary of the Yale Corporation, of his collection of 
books and manuscripts relating to early New England 

The death of the Hon. George Bancroft has 
removed the most distinguished alumnus of Harvai-d 
University, and has made 1818 Harvard's oldest class 
that has a living graduate. The Rev. A. F. Farley, 
of Brooklyn, is now the Senior alumnus, having 
graduated in 1818, one year after Mr. Bancroft. Dr. 
Farley is over 90 years of age, and is a resident 
pastor emeritus of a Brooklyn Unitarian church, 



Rl2yme and Reason. 


I heard the sound of Are bells, 

I went to see the fun. 
'Perhaps," I thought, " a thousand hells 
Have caught fire from the sun." 

I'm wishing now I'd not been caught, 

I was disappointed so ; 
It differed much from how I thought 

That tires ought to go. 

I didn't see a band that day, 
Though often I've been told. 

At fires fierce they always play 
Sweet " Annie Laurie" bold. 

Of course the fireman played the hose, 
And wet a man — 'twas sad — 

But he had on his old work clothes. 
And wasn't the least bit scared. 

Whene'er the bells sound forth again, 

I surely won't be there. 
The world's a humbug, that is plain. 

Just full of grief and care. 

Song of the Magazine Poet. 

When comes the inspiration on 

To fabricate a rhyme, 
I arm me with my rusty pen, 

Nor heed the iiight of time. 
Then making preparation due, 

I gird me ere I write ; 
And buckling on the wings of thought, 

I wait the time of flight. 

What, though the drain upon raj' brain 

May cause the soul to flinch ! 
I labor on. 'Tis amply paid 

At fifty cents an inch. 
I labor on, and through the world 

My glowing thoughts dispense. 
What matter if the thing contain 

Not half an inch of sense! 

A Fragment. 

The sun is set, the wiMtci''.s eve is come. 

And darkening shadows dull the painted west 

Where golden clouds their glittering heads uplift 

In majesty. The hills and woods grow dim 

And fade away. Again night shrouds the earth. 

The busy hum of life is stilled. The air 

Is thick with blackness, and the world seems dead. 

But lo ! less ardent than the golden sun. 

Though not a whit less beautiful, the radiant moon 

Casts over the pale earth her silvery shafts. 

And gliding slow across the eastern sky 

Mounts to mid-heaven. No garish light she sheds. 

But clothes in wondrous beauty all the earth. 

A Maiden's Proposal. 

Together they walked on the sandy shore 

As the moon looked out 'twixt the fleecy clouds. 

And, far in the distance, the gathering mists 

Came down, o'er the waters, like shadowy shrouds. 

And he was in love, yet timid withal, 

And dared not his love in words to declare. 

So he talked of his studies, his future life 

How all of his prospects were brilliant and fair ; 

His future vocation, the hope of his heart, 
That he a minister some day might be. 
Then she with coy dissimulation said : 
"And then, when you are, will you marry me?" 

Then he saw his chance and with eagerness 
The passion of soul and mind, he told 
And she — she wondered, 'mid pleasure and bliss. 
However it happened she was so bold. 


The January issue of the Bates t^ludenl comes to 
us in a new dress, which appears greatly superior lo 
the old one, although the young man on it, in the 
Oxford cap, looks more as if clad in his robe de merit 
than in the classic gown which it doubtless intends to 
represent. The same issue, besides pi-esenting to us 
the usual literary features, introduces a new board of 
editors. The Orient wishes them all possible 

The (JoUe(jc-iium is the latest venture in college 
journalism that we have seen. It is j)eculiar in that, 
while published by college men, it is the organ of 
no college in particular, but of every college in 
general. Its editor is a Yale student, who is assisted 
by associate editors in the principal colleges. Such 
a magazine is, of course, in the nature of an experi- 
ment, and we have our doubts as to its success, believ- 



ing that there is no special demand for it, but have 
no desire to discourage it. Perhaps the prizes it 
offers will have more effect on Bowdoin's budding 
genius than the pathetic appeal for contributions which 
the Orient utters from time to time. 

There appeared an article not long ago in the 
Haverfordian — if we remember correctly — containing 
an account of the proceedings of an intercollegiate 
press convention. Among other things discussed was 
the advisability of discontinuing exchange columns 
in college papers, and it was strongly argued that 
as they are now conducted they do not serve the 
purpose of criticism but are either concocted simply 
to fill up, or else are run on the you-pat-my-back- 
and-I'll-pat-your's principle. 

We acknowledge that the exchange column is 
not of very absorbing interest to the average reader, 
but is of interest to the editors of a magazine to have 
it pleasantly spoken of, even if no more is said than 
the trite " — is agood paper, we welcome it gladly," 
or something of that sort. To be sure one may travel 
out of beaten paths like the Brunonian, but, what in 
small quantities is very agreeable, would be in- 
tolerably flat if adopted by all the college magazines. 

Rounds, '91, has left college finally. 
Cothren, '92, has returned to college. 
Nichols, '94, is absent this term 

Haskell, of the Medical School, has gone into 
training for the crew, and will probably make a very 
valuable member of it. He has had previous expe- 
rience on the Yale Freshman crew, and as substitute 
on the 'Varsity crew. 

L. A. Burleigh, '91, was down from Augusta on a 
visit last week. 

The Orient wishes to state that no article, con- 
taining anything of a personal nature, will be eligible 
for publication. 

There is to be a series of six Assemblies held in 
the Court Room this winter. The first will be held 
next week. 

Several of the boys attended Dixey's "Seven 
Ages," in Portland, last week, and spoke highly of 
the performance. 

The Medical term begins Thursday. From pres- 
ent indications the school vfill number nearly if not 
quite one hundred this year. 

The last meeting of the Debating Society tackled 
the question, whether the " Columbian exhibition of 
1893 should be opened to the public on Sundays." 

Dr. F. H. Gerrish delivered the opening lecture 
at the commencement of the Medical terra, Thursday. 
A class of very good size is in attendance. 

E. H. Newbegin, '91, is confined to his room with 
the mumps. The conditions seem favorable for a 
considerable epidemic of the malady through college. 

The afternoon teas in college rooms, which were 
inaugurated last fall, have been renewed and several 
have been held recently. 

President Hyde delivered one of the Public Librai'y 
free lectures, Tuesday night, on the reading of 

Mann, '92, while running for a train at the depot, 
turned his ankle and was confined to his room for a 
few days, but is now out again all right. 

The Libi'ary has received a large number of bound 
magazines and bound copies of old books and 
imported works, in all some 70 or 7.5 in number. 

The resignation of Prof. H. H. Hunt, of the Med- 
ical School, has been followed by the election of Dr. 
Charles D. Smith, of Portland, to the chair. 

The continuance of the course on Bible Study, 
under President Hyde, has been postponed for the 
present, but will be resumed later in the season. 

Increased attendance at chapel has been noticed 
since the announcement that the Faculty would insist 
on the rules making sickness and absence from town 
the only legitimate excuses. 

Colchester, Roberts & Co. have sent their annual 
price-list of essays, commencement parts, etc., and 
copies were posted in the library and reading-room 
by some public-spirited individual. 

The Seniors have voted to have their class pictures 
taken by Reed, of Brunswick. Hardy, the Boston 
photographer, made a bid but did not receive the 

A little house dog has taken up his abode in the 
Laboratory, and appears to thrive on the fumes of 
HiS and NH<OH. He is the pet and mascot of the 
Senior Chemistry Division. 

Memorial Hall is being decorated for the Psi 
Upsilou reception, next Friday night. Pullen's 



Orchestra will furnish music. Rumor has it that 
another society is to follow with a reception soon. 

Two of the tablets in Memorial Hall have been 
taken down and sent to New York to have some 
alterations made in the names. They will be back 
by the time the reception is held there, however. 

The second meeting of the Senior Chemical Club 
was held at Professor Robinson's house last Monday 
evening. The meetings are very interesting, and 
nearly the whole of the division attend them. C. E. 
Riley is Secretary of the club. 

The Fayerwether will contest, in which Bowdoin 
feels so much interest, is now in progress before the 
Surrogate at New York. Butler, Still man & Hub- 
bard ('57) are Bowdoin's counsel there. Every one 
is hoping for a satisfactory settlement of the case. 

A number of students attended the play at the 
Congregationalist Vestry last week, where E. H. New- 
begin, '91, was tlie hero. He simply covered himself 
over with glory in the title role, and won the name 
of " Dixey " for his wonderful comedy representation. 

The eight rowing machines have been placed in 
position in the basement of the gymnasium, and the 
crew practices there daily. Correspondence is now 
going on with the B. A. A.'s for a race, and it is gen- 
erally believed that if the triangular association leave 
New London, Bowdoin will be admitted to the contest. 

Preparations for the Athletic Exhibition are mov- 
ing on apace. F. O. Fish is to be leader of the 
horizontal bar squad, W. M. Hilton of the tumbling 
squad, G. S. Machan of the parallel bar squad, 
and E. B. Young, the Pyramids. Wrestling will be 
a prominent feature of the evening's programme. 

The second annual reception of the Psi Upsilon 
Fraternity will take place Friday evening in Memo- 
rial Hall. As last year a delegate will be sent from 
each of the other societies. Several of the ladies of 
the Faculty and the town have consented to act as 
Patronesses, and tlie reception will undoubtedly be a 
very enjoyable one. 

The second themes of the term are due February 
4th. The following are the subjects: Juniors — 
" What Qualities Are Essential to Success in Medi- 
cine?" "The Senate's Treatment of the Federal 
Election's Bill"; "Milton's Prose Style." Soplio- 
mores — " The American Associated Press, Its Organ- 
ization and Work"; "Physical Culture Among the 
Ancient Greeks"; "The Declaration of Independ- 
ence as a Literary Production." 

Cilley, '!)1 , is engineering a proposition to organize 
an athletic committee similar to those in existence in 
some other colleges. The committee is to consist of 

two alumni, two members of the Faculty, and the 
presidents and managers of the different athletic 
associations — Base-Ball, Foot-Ball, Rowing, and Ath- 
letic. The committee is to have control over all 
athletic matters, and over the personnel of all college 
teams. It is doubtful if the scheme is adopted in the 
form first proposed, or until the authority of the 
committee is slightly reduced. 

The second lecture in the Y. M. C. A. was de- 
livered January 23d by Mr. F. A. Hill, principal of 
the Cambridge High School. The subject was "New 
England Primer Days." The lecturer held the closest 
attention of the audience, and was one of the most 
interesting ever delivered in Brunswick. It was 
rendered additionally interesting by several illustra- 
tions, the work of the lecturer, which showed typical 
old New England school-houses, and primer illustra- 
tions. The next lecture will be Saturday evening, 
by Professor Lee. It will be on the " Straits of 
Majellan," and will be illustrated by the stereopticon. 

Last Thursday was the Day of Prayer for Colleges, 
and all college exercises were suspended. Professor 
Palmer, of Harvard, addressed the college in the 
morning in a very interesting manner. He outlined 
the necessary qualities of a scholar, and spoke against 
the popular idea of the low standard of morality in 
colleges. The necessity of prayer for colleges was 
not occasioned by any such condition, but by the 
function of the student in the world, and the height 
of the character and qualifications needed for the 
fulfillment of this function. In the evening Professor 
Palmer read his own translation of the Nineteenth 
Book of the Odyssey in Memorial Hall, to a very 
deeply interested audience. 

A banquet of the Bowdoin Alumni Association at 
Washington, was held at Welckers, January 27th. 
The officers elected were Chief Justice Fuller, Presi- 
dent; Hon. Wm. P. Frye and Mr. L. Deane, Vice- 
Presidents; S. D. Fessenden, Treasurer; Prof. J. W. 
Chickering and James C. Strout, Secretaries, and a 
Reception Committee consisting of Gen. Elias Spear, 
II. L. Piper, Gen. F. D. Sewall, and Charles H. Ver- 
rill. The post-prandial speakers were Senator Frye, 
W. P. Drew, R. S. Evans, Llewellyn Deane, Assist- 
ant Attorney Gen. Cotton, S. D. Fessenden, Stanley 
Plummer, Prof. Chickering, Woodbury Pulsifer, Dr. 
Wolhaupter, and Herbert T. Field, ex-'91. Maine 
and Old Bowdoin were talismanic words that night, 
and the occasion was most enjoyable. 

The United States government is putting up a 
$100,000 gymnasium at West Point. 




Third Half-Yearly Canadian Agriculturist Word 
Competition— $5,000 to be Given Away. 

The third great Word Competition for the " Cana- 
dian Agi'iculturist and Home Magazine," Canada's 
great and popular Home and Farm Journal, is now 
open. The following magnificent prizes will be given 
free to persons sending in the greatest number of 
words made up out of the letters contained in the 
two words, "The Agriculturist." 

1st Prize $1,000 in Gold 

2d " $600 in Gold 

8d " $1,000 Grand Piano 

4th " $500 Piano 

5th " $300 Organ 

6th " Ticket to England and return 

7th " Lady's Gold Watch 

8th " Gent's Gold Watch 

9th " China Tea Set 

10th " Hunting Case Silver Watch 

11th " Boy's Silver Watch 

25 prizes of $10 each. 50 prizes of $5 each. 100 
prizes of $2 each. 200 prizes of $1 each. Mak- 
ing a total 38G prizes, the value of which will 
aggregate $5000. This Grand Word-Making Com- 
petition is open to everybody, everywhere, subject 
to the following conditions : The words must be 
constructed from the two words " The Agriculturist," 
and must be only such as may be found in Webster's 
Unabridged Dictionary, and in the body of the book, 
none of the supplement to be used. The words must 
be written in ink on one side of the paper only, and 
numbered in rotation, 1, 2, 3, and so on to the end of 
the list, for facilitating in deciding the winners. The 
list containing the largest number of words will be 
awarded first prize, and so on in the order of merit. 
Each list as it is received at the office of the "Cana- 
dian Agriculturist" will be numbered, and if two or 
more tie on the largest list, the first received will be 
awarded the first prize, the next second and so on. 
Therefore the benefit of sending in early will readily 
be seen. Each list must be accompanied by $1 for 
six months' subscription to the " Canadian Agricult- 
urist." One person can send in one or more lists, 
accompanying each list with $1, for which the paper 
will be sent to any address for six months. The best 
family paper in Canada. It is by no means a new 
paper, but has been established upwards of seven 
years, and each year grows in the estimation of the 
subscriber. It contains no trashy, highly colored 
fiction, but has interesting stories of a higher class 
by the most popular authors of the day. It is emi- 

nently the paper for the home circle, and at $2 a 
year is the cheapest and best paper in the market. 
This competition will commence now and remain open 
for three months. Remember, you are paying $1 for 
six months' subscription to one of the best home 
papers in Canada, and at the same time run a good 
chance of winning a valuable prize. Every one send- 
ing a list of not less than twenty words will receive 
a present. 

Agents Wanted. — The object of the publisher 
of the "Canadian Agriculturist " in giving away 
these large amounts in cash, is to extend the circu- 
lation of the paper, and a number of agents are 
required in every locality, to whom liberal pay will 
be ofl'ered. Send three cent stamp for full par- 
ticulars as to clubbing rates, etc. Address, The 
Canadian Agriculturist, Peterborough, Ontario. 

y.y^.e.fl. Column. 

The Bible Class has suspended its meetings for a 
few weeks, owing to the unusually lieavy demands 
upon the time of its members, but will resume work 
as soon as the pressure is released. 

The interest in the Association's Thursday evening 
meetings has steadily kept up, and showed its first 
fruits in an especially earnest meeting the evening 
of the Day of Prayer, at which a stand for a Christ-like 
life was taken by two, and a determination to recon- 
secrate themselves to Christian duties was shown by 
several. It had been felt for some time by the mem- 
bers that a new sjDirit was in the college, and that 
meeting had been looked forward to with a good 
deal of eagerness. Our one desire is that this spirit 
may remain with us and bear yet more fruit. 

The first two lectures of the Y. M. C. A. course 
have been delivered and are highly spoken of on all 
sides. Mr. Baxter's discourse on the founding and 
destruction of Louisberg, showing that the same 
elements that had warred so long in Europe re-ap- 
peared again in the assailants and defenders of that 
famous town, was extremely scholarly and interest- 
ing. The lecture comprised the first and one of the 
latter chapters of a book treating of colonial history 
that he will shortly add to the list of his publications. 

Mr. Hill (Bowdoin, '02, ) fascinated his audience 
for nearly an hour and a half with an account of 
early New England schools, which was rendered 
more vivid by charcoal sketches of the somewhat 
primitive houses and instruments of learning in those 
days. Attention was called, at times, by contrast or 



suggestion, to some of the faults in our present and 
improved methods of teaching, with an earnestness 
that was tlie more impressive for being pointed by 
the keen wit of the speaker. 

The reputation of the college for appreciating a 
good thing is hardly borne out by the fact that but 
seventv-tive course tickets have been taken by stu- 
dents. The last word that will be said in this column 
on this subject is that as many more ought to be 
taken for the rest of the course. 

The Day of Prayer for Colleges was fittingly as 
well as profitably observed by those who heard Prof. 
Palmer's address in tire forenoon. It is impossible 
to describe its effect on the students who attended, 
for their consciousness and its expression in their 
lives during the rest of the year can alone properly 
characterize this effect. 

At the New England Conference of College Y. M. 
C. A.'s Bowdoin will be represented by J. D. Merri- 
man and Lee, '92; Haggett, '93; Lord, '94; and 
Cilley, '91. The conference is at Williams, Febru- 
ary 6-8. 

In the past year Amherst reports good work. Of 
the three hundred and forty-seven students in college 
two hundred and forty-two are professing Christians, 
and represent the religious condition of the college. 
Nearly lifty are looking forward to the ministry. 
The students are carrying on four mission stations 
near the college, are doing work among the colored 
people of Amherst, send out deputations from time 
to time into rural and manufacturing districts, are 
supporting and have for two years past supported 
Mr. S. M. Sayford in evangelistic work in the colleges 
of the country, and are now pushing a movement to 
which they themselves contributed last year nearly 
four hundred dollars, to support an Amherst grad- 
uate in the mission field. Their letter closes with 
expressions of hopefulness, but plainly recognizes 
their need for more consistent Christian living, for 
more aggressiveness and heartiness, and for a clearer 
vision of God for themselves, and for the college 
men of the land. 

Oberlin makes a glowing report. Mr. B. Fay 
Mills conducted special meetings there at the begin- 
ning of the fall term, and six hundred acknowledged 
their allegiance to Christ, most of them for the first 
time. Through the influence largely of the Associa- 
tion the revival extended to neighboring places and 
two hundred and seventy-five more were added to the 
number. They have a volunteer mission band num- 
bering forty, well-attended meetings, and a training 
class attended by ninety. 

The proportion of Christians in the college depart- 
ment is 95 per cent., and it is their purpose to keep 

up their work in all departments as they have done 
thus far. $13,000 has already been subscribed 
towards the foO,000 they want for a Y. M. C. A. 
building, and they hope soon to raise the remainder. 
These reports need no comment. They show 
what can be done when the conditions are fulfilled, 
and this fulfillment of conditio iis isjust what the 
Christians at Bowdoin are striving for at present. 

— Since the last issue 
of the Orient word has 
been received of the death of one of 
Bowdoin's most distinguished sons — 
an eminent journalist, author, dramatist, 
and poet. Edmund Flagg was born in 
Wiscasset, Me., November 2-1, 1815, and died at 
Highland View, Va., November 1, 1890. He 
would have been seventy-five years old had he lived 
until the 24th of the month. He was descended from 
Puritan stock. The first ancestral Flagg came over 
from England in the Rose, landing in Boston, 1637. 
Mr. Flagg graduated at Harvard a few years after 
his cousin, Daniel Webster. He graduated from 
Bowdoin in 1835, and in two months after leaving 
college was teaching a classical school in Louisville, 
Ky., and writing aiticles for the Louisville Journal, 
with which paper he continued his connection in 
some form or other for nearly thirty j'ears. In the 
summer of 1836 he traveled on horseback through 
Illinois and Missouri contributing a series of articles 
for it. In 1836-7 he taught school in St. Louis, read 
law, and wrote for the press. In 1837 he was ad- 
mitted to the bar and edited the St. Louis Bulletin. 
In 1838 he superintended the publication for the 
Harpers of " The Far West," in two volumes, written 
by him, and with George D. Prentice started the 
Louisville Literary News Letter. In 1840 he was in 
the law office of Sargent S. Prentice, at Vicksburg, 
Miss. March 4, 1841, while editor of the Vickshur;/ 
Whig, he was severely wounded in a duel with the 
editor of the Vicksburg Sentinel. In 1842-43 he was 
editor of the Qazeltc, Marietta, Ohio, and wrote a 
series of romances for the New York Neii^ World. 
In 1846-7 he was secretary of a Mutual Insurance 
Company and wrote a treatise on the system, and 



was reporter of a volume of debates in the con- 
stitutional convention of Missouri, and at the same 
time he wrote or adopted for the stage, several plays. 
Of these were " Mary Tudor," " Catherine Howard," 
"Roy Blass," "Count Julian," "Carlton," and 
"Castillian Honor." The first three of these were 
successfully put upon the boards in Southern and 
Western cities and in New York. In 1849 he was 
appointed secretary of the legation at Berlin. While 
holding this position he wrote "Edmond Dantes," 
a sequel to Dumas' " Count of Monte Cristo," issued 
by the Petersons. In 1884 it was re-published. In 
1850 he wrote a tale entitled " Blanche of Artois," 
for which hi received a prize of .f 100 from the Loiiis- 
rilk Odurier. Between this date and 1852 his pen 
was employed with tlie production of articles, pam- 
phlets, etc., on a wide range of topics and of an 
equally wide range of character, and in both prose 
and poetry. Some of his political eifusions were set 
to popular music and are sung at the present time. 
In 1852 he edited the St. Louis Times through the 
hotly contested presidential campaign of Scott and 
Pierce. In 1853 he superintended the publication of 
his two volumes by Scribner, styled " Venice a City 
of the Sea." This work covered the period from 
1797, when Napoleon began the war with Italy, to 
the capitulation of Radetski in 1849. He also wrote 
at this time the most of the letter press for Meyer's 
"United States Illustrated West," edited by C. A. 
Dana. He held an appointment in the State Depart- 
ment at Washington for about six j'ears. In 1854 
he was placed in charge of the report ordered by 
Congress on our commercial relations with all foreign 
nations, which was published in 1856-7 in four quarto 
volumes. In 1861 he was placed in charge of the 
library in the Interior Department, and remained 
there until 1869, when he resigned and established 
his residence on his Eastwood farm in Providence 
District, Fairfax County, Va. Mr. Flagg was the 
author of the " Prime Minister," "Frances of Valois," 
and many less known works, the names of which we 
must omit from this sketch. His last published work 
is entitled " De Molai," the last of the military grand 
masters of the order of Templar Knights, published 
by the Petersons, 1888. This work, so skillfully plotted 
and so thrillingly delineated, is a fitting crown to his 
long, active, arduous, and eventful literary career. 
Mr. Flagg kept a diary for more than fifty years, 
making the last entry only three days previous to his 
decease. He had partly written an autobiograiihy, 
using this diary for much of the data used. In Feb- 
ruary, 1862, Mr. Flagg and Miss Kate, daughter of 
Sidney S. Gallaher of West Virginia, were married. 

Mrs. Flagg and her three sons survive to mourn the 
irreparable loss of husband and father. 

'.")6. — The Biddeford Journal \\ that Edwin B. 
Smith of New York, recently received a fee of 
$50,000 for services in a case. 

'56. — Hon. Galen C. Moses, of Bath, who has 
given that city a magnificent library building, made 
a neat speech on occasion of the presentation of the 
building to the trustees, in which he said : "I believe 
in giving gifts where people can see the enjoyment 
of them ; if they cannot, I hope in their testamentar}' 
figures they will leave a little something for the 
library. Much poorer use can be made of the 
money." The speech appeals to a far wider audience 
than that to which it was spoken. 

'64. — Rev. W. H. Pierson, pastor of the Unitarian 
church, Fitchburg, Mass., though offered increased 
salary to remain, has resigned to except a call to the 
Somerville Unitarian Church. 

'70.— Prof. R. M. Peck died, January 2Gth, at his 
home in North Wilbraham, Mass. He was born in 
Ellsworth, October 21, 1849, and fitted for college in 
the city schools. In his Senior year he was pros- 
trated with a severe and prolonged disease, from 
which he never fully recovered, and until four or five 
years ago was not able to engage in any active 
occupation. In the fall of 1889 he was called to the 
position which he held at the time of his death. He 
had been in poor health for some time. The 
immediate cause of his death was " la grippe." 

■ '74. — Arthur L. Perry, of Gardiner, has recently 
compiled and issued a genealogyof the descendants of 
Jonathan Perry, of Topsham, to the fifth generation. 

'75. — The engagement is announced of Col. George 
F. McQuillan, of Portland, and Miss Mollie Robie, . 
of Gorhara, daughter of ex-Governor Fredrick Robie. 

'89. — George W. Hayes has been appointed 
deputy county clerk at San Jose, Cal., in the probate 
department of the county. 

'90. — The Argus of June 19th, contained an in- 
teresting article on West Superior, Wis., from the 
pen of E. P. Spinney. 

A Co-operative Association has been formed at 
the University of Pennsylvania, to be run on the same 
principles as those of Yale and Harvard. 

The Senior class at Columbia are about to present 
the college with a memorial window in honor of 
Alexander Hamilton. 

The library at Cornell contains 140,000 volumes, 
and is said to have the finest collection of works on 
French history that can be found outside of France. 



Exeter has 359 students, while Andovei- has 356. 

A Freshman Glee Club has been started at Yale. 

A college gnu club has been organized at Hobart. 

The total membership of Greek letter societies in 
the American colleges is estimated at 75,000. 

Cornell will hereafter give a Thanksgiving vaca- 
tion of five days. 

A University Club has been formed in San Fran- 

Harvard has received a bequest of $220,000 for 
the founding of an art museum. 

Three-fourths of the national colleges founded in 
the last twenty years are south of Mason and Dixon's 

Professors who have served at Columbia for over 
fifteen years, and are over sixty-five years old, will 
be pensioned at one-half their salaries. 

Since the organization of the Intercollegiate 
Athletic Association in 1876, Harvard has scored 108 
points, Columbia 93, Yale 57, and Princeton 53. 

Harvard has one hundred and eighty courses of 
study open to undergraduates. Ann Arbor claims to 
have two hundred and forty-two. 

The trustees of the Vermont State College have 
voted to admit young women to a special course, 
and already one has applied for admission. 

WANTED.— The consent of 10,000 smokers, to seud each 
a sample lot of 150 " NICKEL " Cigars and a 20-year 
gold filled Watch, by Express C. O. D. S5.25, and allow 

HAVANA CIGAR CO., Winston, N. C. 


;il low prices, send to 

W. IV. Ellis, Stationer, 

Artistic Wohk a Spkcialti-. 

NOTICE To All Who Have Not Paid Their 
Subscriptions to ORIENT. 

BRUNSvncK, Me., 189 . 

Mr Dr. 

To subscription for Vol. 20 of Bowdoin Orient, 

Business Editor. 

Our printers are rushing us for their money. You 
would confer a great favor to the Board by paying 
for this volume at your earliest convenience. 








Vol. XX. 

No. 14. 





T. S. BuKR, '91, Managiug Editor. 

A. T. Brown, '91, Business Editor. 
L. A. BuRLEiQH, '91. E. H. Neweegin, '91. 

H. S. Chapman, '91. B. D. Kidlon, '91. 

H. W. Jarvis, '91. F. V. GUMMER, '92. 

C. S. F. Lincoln, '91. C. W. Peabodt, '9.". 

Per annum. In advance. 
Single Copies, 

. $2.00. 
15 cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at tlie boolistores or on applica- 
tion to tlie Business Editor. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have .appended. 

In contributing to the Orient assume a nom deplume, and 
affix it to each article contributed. Articles should be sent 
through the mail to the Managing Editor. Deposit with Mr. 
A, W. Tolman a sealed envelope containing botti your real and 
assumed name. 

Entered at the Post-Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 

Vol. XX., No. 14.— February 18, 1891. 

Editorial Notes, 235 

Miscellaneous : 

A Communication 237 

A Legend 238 

Annual Meeting of the Eastern Foot-Ball League, 240 

Psi Upsilon Keoeption 240 

Rhyme and Reason: 

Evolution, 241 

Innocents Abroad, 241 

Senior's Refrain, 241 

Reasons Without Rhyme, 241 

Exchanges 241 

Collegii Tabula 242 

Y. M. C. A. Column 244 

Personal 245 

In Memoriam, 247 

College World, 247 

ngs which serve as a 
source of pleasure and profit during the 
winter term of many of our American col- 
leges may be included college theatricals. 
In many of the college towns the annual 
college minstrel show, or whatever else the 
histrionic ambition of the students produces, 
is looked forward to with as much interest 
and receives as liberal a patronage, as any 
professional attraction that holds the boards 
during the year. There is money in it, and 
many an athletic association ekes out its sup- 
port from the receipts of such an enterprise. 
There has never been a time more fitting 
than the present for the stirring up of such 
a scheme at Bowdoin. A good minstrel 
entertainment would be sure to make a hit, 
and there is an ample sufficiency of talent in 
college at present to make it a success. Tlie 
finances of our athletic associations are at a 
low ebb, and certainly need some sort of a 
stimulant. If the matter could be taken 
hold of in the right way, and such an enter- 
tainment arranged, Brunswick would un- 
doubtedly give it a hearty support. It is 
not often that the Town Hall presents an 
attraction of overwhelming merit, and a 
bright interesting student effort might serve 
as a refreshing relief from Uncle Tom's 
Cabin, Our German Ward, and Daniel Boone 



lp)ATHER more care should be taken by 
■^\ athletic managers in the matter of uni- 
forms and other equipments of athletic teams. 
Such things are among the largest expenses 
of athletic associations, and it should be 
made a matter of special importance to see 
that strict account of them is kept. There 
is no necessity of providing new iiniforms 
for a team every season if things are properly 
looked after, and where athletics are no more 
liberally supported than they are at Bowdoin 
just at present, too much economj' cannot be 

POW about a tug-of-war contest, or series 
of contests, for the athletic exhibition. 
The tilt with Bates last year was one of the 
principal features of the evening, and created 
no small amount of interest in the sport 
among both students and town-people. A 
series of contests between the classes for a 
cup, or, if it could be arranged, an intercol- 
legiate contest with Bates or Colby would 
doubtless prove a most attractive feature 
with which to conclude the programme of 
the exhibition. Colby could probably send 
down a team that would make our four work 
their hardest to defend their laurels, and 
such a contest would be eagerly looked for- 
ward to by the members of both colleges. 
The matter is certainly worth consideration, 
and should be given the attention of the 

'UT THE meeting of the managers of the 
I ^ New England Foot-Ball League little 
was done beyond the awarding of the pen- 
nant to Williams, the winners of last season. 
The idea that Amherst, Williams, and Dart- 
mouth were to withdraw from the present 
league and form a triangular association, 
leaving Bowdoin out, seems to have no foun- 
dation, and it is probable that with the 
possible exception of Tech., the league will 

remain as it is, for another season at least. 
We publish a report of the meeting in 
another column. 

'pLECTION to the Orient board will oc- 
*-^ cur somewhat earlier this year than has 
previously been the case, owing to the addi- 
tional labor involved by the new system in 
making out the annual index. Thus far the 
nom-de-plume scheme has worked to perfec- 
tion, and in no case can a man be chosen to 
the editorial staff otherwise than on pure 
merit. Those desiring positions on the new 
board will do well to seize the little time 
that remains and make good their candidacy. 

TV7E PUBLISH in another column a com- 
** munication relative to the scheme of 
an advisory committee. The article is from 
one who is in position to know whereof he 
speaks, and sets forth clearly and concisely 
the facts of the case. No one denies that a 
committee of some sought ought to be es- 
tablished, and the only question seems to be 
in regard to the amount of power to be 
vested in such a committee. The excellent 
results arising from the supervision of such 
committees in other New England colleges, 
should be most powerful arguments in favor 
of a similar organization at Bowdoin. The 
matter must not be dropped now. A few 
weeks of vigorous thinking may result in 
some feasible scheme which shall be satis- 
factory to all, and worthy of adoption by 
the Athletic Association. 

One of the latest and most valuable 
acquisitions to the library is four volumes 
of " The Century Dictionary," an enc3rclo- 
pedic lexicon of the English language. 
The gift is from Thomas Hamlin Hubbard, 
'57, and is one of the library's best dona- 
tions for some time. 





A Communication. 
'H'T THE mass meeting of the students to 
/ -'' consider the proposed constitution for 
an athletic committee, the two principal 
objections to the proposed foi'm of constitu- 
tion were : 1st, that its undergraduate mem- 
bership should represent the classes — proba- 
bly one member being elected by each class — 
rather than the four associations, through 
their managers ; and 2d, the powers of the 
committee should be restricted to financial 
oversight, and should not include the re- 
moval of inefficient officers of the associations 
or their teams. 

On this latter point, it should be said that 
in a constitution of this sort, no powers are 
given that are not distinctly stated in its 
provisions, and that no control of the '■^per- 
sonnel of all college teams," other than the 
captains, by the committee, was contemplated. 

In answering the first objection, it is 
known that Harvard's committee has repre- 
sentatives, just now the presidents, from the 
three upper classes ; and on the other hand 
Amherst, whose committee has proved itself 
very successful thus far, has the managers 
of the three associations as its undergraduate 
members ; and since both plans seem to work 
well we must come back to our own peculiar 
needs to determine which we should adopt. 

In a college of this size not more than 
two men in each class are usually found with 
enough ability, and at the same time enough 
interest in athletics, to take the offices of 
managers. The men in the two lower classes, 
moreover, have not had enough experience 
in college affairs to be intrusted with man- 
agement, and hence we have always chosen 
our managers from the two upper classes. 
Our athletic committee, however made up, 
will be of use only as it shows ability in 
handling the questions worthy concerning 

management, that come before it. But if 
the two presumably best men in the two 
classes, from which alone we can find men 
of sufficient experience, are debarred from 
the committee, the probabilities of its use- 
fulness, which will nearly always be shown 
in affairs of management, are diminished. 

The second objection would be met by 
calling attention to the fact that old mana- 
gers, as far as they have been consulted, and 
all the managers, at present in office, plainly 
state that they felt, or feel, the need of an 
advisory committee, through whom the ex- 
perience of the past shall be accessible to 
them now, and the general opinion of the 
college on any doubtful question shall have 
an opportunity to express itself. 

In other words the men whose judgment 
in managing athletic affairs the college en- 
dorsed are unanimous in their opinion that a 
certain need exists which, in their judgment, 
can be met by a certain expedient. 

Other things being equal, their proposed 
remedy should be given a fair trial. Espe- 
cially should it have consideration most care- 
ful and free from any society or other bias, 
since it is endorsed by those most interested 
in the welfare of the athletic department of 
the college, both on the Faculty and of our 

It seemed at the mass meeting at which 
the plan proposed by the managers was de- 
feated, that many had failed to do this. 
Those who had given the plan the most care- 
ful study were its supporters, and those who 
apparently knew but little about it were 
among its loudest opponents. Even after 
the meeting, in the Orient's columns there 
appeared a paragraph that showed its writer 
could not have read the proposed constitu- 
tion through. 

But all this crying over spilt milk is of 
little use now. The question remains, what 
will be done. 

If those who protested, even while oppos- 



ing that particular plan, that they believed 
something of the sort was needed, were sin- 
cere, would it not be well for them to prove 
it by taking the initiative and coming forward 
with a plan that practically effects the same 
thing, and avoids those points in which they 
thought the original plan faulty. 

It is certain that those who have done 
the work thus far will assist in some such 
effort, but having acted according to their 
best judgment and been condemned, it is 
hardly to be expected that they will again 
take the lead. 

A Legend. 

In ancient time, in Spanish town, 
A ruler lived of great renown. 
King Albaca, known far and near, 
Nor yet have Spaniards seen his peer. 
His kindness spread from east to west, 
His subjects boasted him the best. 

By one thing was the king harassed. 
Though happening long, long in the past. 
His elder brother, Florez by name. 
Eager, one day, in chase of game. 
By some mischance strayed from the way, 
Far from the blood-hound's piercing bay. 
Long and faithfully was he sought. 
Prayers were said, but all for naught. 

Albaca, when his father died. 

Sent forth a herald far and wide. 

To seek for the long lost brother again, 

And restore him at last to his own domain. 

No tidings, alas, did the herald bring. 

And Albaca made himself the king. 

A stately daughter graced the court. 
By lords, far-famed, and princes sought. 
Such kindly manner, charming grace, 
The hardest heart must give a place. 
No wish of hers was unfulfilled, 
'Jhe king did all things as she willed. 
By suitors bold was he distressed, 
Though they were fair and of the best. 
He feared the time when from her side 
The princess would go forth, a bride, 
And leave the monarch there alone. 
To guard the honor of his throne. 

Nor far oflf from the castle grand. 
By gentle mountain zephyrs fanned, 
A grove of pine stands sighing there. 
The hiding place of quail and.hare. 
Far down below the river iiows, 
A silvery thread as on it goes. 
Until at last it fades from view, 
And mingles with the sky's clear blue. 
'Twas here in this secluded grove. 
The princess took delight to rove ; 
Alone and unattended there. 
She gazed upon the scene so fair. 
And whiled away the pleasant hours, 
Within the cool and shady bowers. 

'Twas through this wood she chanced to stray, 
Toward sunset of an autumn day. 
When suddenly came to her ear 
The sound of footsteps drawing near. 
And when she down the pathway glanced, 
A stranger saw as he advanced. 

A form like his she'd seldom seen, 

His upright stature, noble mien. 

While in his face did he express 

Such sympathy, such tenderness, 

That stranger though he did appear, 

The princess saw no cause for fear. 

But waited there and calmly stood, 

While he approached her through the wood, 

And up the path his footsteps pressed. 

Till, by her side, he thus addressed : 

' Ah ! maiden fair, alone do you 
Wander the hills and valleys through ? 
Like wood nymph of the olden time, 
Portrayed by many an ancient rhyme ? 
A wanderer 1 from far-off land. 
By sun, and wind, and weather tanned. 
By name Ovando, unknown here. 
But to my native people dear. 
From Afric's shore I chanced to sail. 
When overcome by storm and gale, 
Our ship upon a reef was driven. 
Nor was there aid or succor given. 
Attempt to save myself seemed vain. 
But striving on with might and main, 
I tried the distant shore to reach, 
And found at last the welcome beach. 
But in my hurry and my flight, 
I had forgot an old friend's plight. 
A weak and aged man was he, 
Who had come forth across the sea, 
To seek a brother, as he said, 



Who long supposed him to be dead. 

But more than this I never heard, 

Though by liis story greatly stirred. 

A rumor came to me to-day. 

That by a seaman of the bay, 

Some ship-wrecked sailors had been found, 

To Spain From southward, they were bound. 

'Tis my intent to find these men, 

And hastening over hill and glen, 

A long and weary day I've passed, 

And reached this grove of pine at last. 

While here, by liindly Fortune's aid, 

I find astray a fairy maid. 

Ah! lovely one that you might tell, 

Your purpose here and where you dwell." 

Ovando paused, and at her side 

He waited while she thus replied : 

"An error grave you surely malse. 
If me for fairy sprite you take. 
For I'm a princess, known afar. 
The daughter of King Albaca, — 
But to the castle let us haste. 
Nor more of idle moments waste. 
Footsore and weary you need rest, 
You now shall be a royal guest." 

Ovando followed as she went, 
And from the wood her footsteps bent, — 
And now the castle came in sight. 
Red with the setting sun's bright light. 
Against the sky it stood so bold. 
With battlements moss-grown and old. 
That gazing on its turrets vined, 
A thought like this would come to mind : 
' Ah ! Father Time and must this, too. 
Moulder and waste as all things do. 
Will not one thing which man has made, 
From ruin and decay be stayed. 
Or will they all return to dust, 
As God decrees their maker must ? " 
Ovando and his royal guide 
Had reached the castle's drawbridge wide. 
And passing through the open gate, 
Behold the pomp and regal state. 
And gazing round the king to seek, 
He soon approached and thus did speak : 

' What stranger's this, whom you have brought. 
My daughter dear into the court ? 
We've waited long for your return, 
Your staying caused me sore concern. 
Your errand, sir, I wish to know. 
Tell me your fortune or your woe." 

Ovando told his story o'er. 
The same the princess heard before. 
The king seemed startled by the tale. 
His cheek was blanched and deathly pale. 

"And did you speak the lost one's name. 
My God ! It cannot be the same." 
In hurried tones the monarch said. 
As to his room the way he led : 

" His name is Florez and 'tis true. 
In feature he resembles you." 

" Then, by the saints, it is the one 
I searched for e're my reign begun, 
A brother, he, that's long been lost, 
And many a sleepless night I've tossed. 
Wondering what had been his fate. 
And longing for my former mate. 
But early on the morrow's morn. 
When first the watch proclaims the dawn. 
Forth from the castle will we dash. 
Urging each horse with spur and lash. 
Until we reach the ocean strand. 
Or come upon the ship-wrecked band. 
But to yourself you must give heed; 
Go take the food and rest you need." 

'Twas long before the day had broke. 
The weary sleepers scarce had woke. 
As, quick, the noble train passed out, 
Mid trumpet blast and deafening shout. 
Along the narrow path they sped. 
The king on coal black charger led ; 
And near the seaman's house they drew. 
Who, it was said, had saved the crew. 
Ah ! who can tell what we must bear. 
What disappointment, grief, and care? 
Oh ! would our lives might all be bright. 
Ne'er darkened by the vale of night. 
But when our wounds by time are healed. 
Our sorrow in our mem'ry sealed. 
'Tis better ne'er to call them back, 
But leave them shrouded in their black. 

King Albaca passed through the door, 
Little he dreamed the pain in store. 
Fruitless had been the morning race, 
For lying calm in death's embrace, 
His aged brother he beheld. 
By cold and great exposure quelled. 
• Too late, too late," the monarch cried, 
' O, would that I, too, might have died. 
But all must taste the bitter cup. 
And of its disappointments sup." 

The king for many weeks was sad. 
His courtiers thought him almost mad. 



Ovando at the court remained, 
And by his faithful manner'gained 
The confidence of liing and maid. 
Until, one day, a summons bade. 
That he should to the king repair, 
And bring with him the princess fair. 
As he was told, Ovando did, 
He found the king as he was bid. 
"Long have I sought," the ruler said, 
" One whom the princess well might wed. 
And now upon you I bestow, 
My daughter and my realm also." 

Annual Meeting of the Eastern 

Foot-Ball League. 
'HT SPRINGFIELD, at Hotel Warwick, 
/ ■*■ February 6th, the following delegates 
from the members of the league iiiet and held 
the annual meeting. Amherst was repre- 
sented by Captain Crocker, and Messrs. 
Lewis and Morse ; Technology, by Captain 
Kaler, Manager Williams, and Merrill ; Bow- 
doin, by J. P. Cilley, Jr.; Dartmouth, by 
Captain Bakeman, and Gould ; Williams, by 
Captain Brown and Manager Childs. 

The officers elected for the following year 
are as follows : President, O. B. Brown, of 
Williams ; Vice-President, G. H. Lewis, of 
Amherst; Secretary, C. H. Gould, of Dart- 
mouth; Treasurer, H. M. Williams, of 
Massachusetts Institute Technology. 

The championship pennant for the season 
of 1890 was formally voted to Williams, and 
an assessment of 15.00 on each member of 
the league was voted, that the treasurer 
might have money enough to procure it 

The constitution was amended that 
hereafter disputes between members of the 
league as to financial settlement in cases of 
forfeited games, should be referred to the 
convention, and only in case of failure to 
carry out its decision as to what shall con- 
stitute the satisfactory financial settlement, 
shall membership in the league be lost. 

It was also voted that the secretary have 

notice given in the leading papers of Boston 
and Springfield of the date of the next meet- 
ing, at least two weeks before it comes off, 
that colleges wishing to have delegates pres- 
ent may know when and where to send them. 
The convention adjourned after an unusu- 
ally brief session, and most of the delegates 
left for their respective colleges the same 

Psi Upsilon Reception. 
TITHE second annual reception of the Kappa 
^ Chapter of Psi Upsilon was held in Memo- 
rial Hall, Friday evening, February 6th, and 
was the most successful affair of the kind 
ever given here. 

The hall was very simply decorated. 
Palms and ferns were placed around the 
front of the stage behind which PuUen's 
Orchestra was stationed. The ante-rooms 
on either side were prettily arranged for 
tete-d-tete rooms, and on the platforms above 
were placed easy chairs for those who might 
wish to overlook the dancers. A large Psi 
Upsilon pin was suspended just under the 
bust of Longfellow. 

The Patronesses, Mrs. Young, Mrs. Mitch- 
ell, Mrs. Robinson, Mrs. Lee, Mrs. Johnson, 
and Mrs. Hutchins, i-eceived at the head of 
the hall. 

Dancing was begun at nine and continued 
until two. During the intermission Robin- 
son, of Portland, served a delicious lunch in 
the lower hall. 

Many friends of the Chapter throtighout 
the State were present, among whom were 
Hon. and Mrs. A. P. Wiswell of Ellsworth, 
Hon. and Mrs. F. H. Powers of Houlton, 
Mrs. and Miss Carpenter, Mr. and Mrs. 
Stevens, Miss Stevens, Miss Edwards, Miss 
Merrill of Portland, Mrs. and Miss Hyde, 
and Mr. Ned Hyde of Bath, the Misses Webb 
of Kennebunk, Miss Downes of Calais, Miss 
McArthur of Biddeford, and Miss Abbott of 
East Douglass, Mass. 



The committee of arrangements, Messrs. 
Simonton, Mann, Hussey, and Andrews, 
deserve much credit for their successful 

Rl2yme ansl Reason. 


In Athens, once upon a time 
As the ancient legend goes. 

The Grecian damsels banged their hair 
And furnished strings for bows. 

But now, alas, we sigh to think 
What changes time can bring. 

For Brunswick damsels bang their hair 
To get beaux on the string. 

Innocents Abroad. 

He wandered home, 

'Twas three o'clock 

Or later, when he reached his house. 

And now with di'ead 

And softened tread. 

He sought to pacify his spouse. 

He'd played the sharp. 

And worked a game 

Of poker, on a verdant jay. 

He'd scooped him in. 

Likewise his tin. 

And pocketed his hard earned pay. 

! Where have you been ? " 

The question sharp 

Came from his spouse, the sheets between. 
' My dear," said he, 
' I've only been 

A gambling on the village green." 

Senior's Refrain. 

" The world owes me a living." 
"Perhaps my friend, and yet 

'Tis one thing to assert the claim. 
Another quite to scoop the debt." 

Reasons Without Rhyme. 

Guardian of Chapel Attendance — "Mr. Cutter, 
you have twenty-five unexcused absences. What 
can you say for yourself? " 

Mr. Cutter — " Well, those eight consecutive 

absences I was out of town. Monday, Wednesday, 
Thursday, and Saturday I was absent on account of 
sickness. Saturday and Monday, out of town. 
Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, and Saturday, sick- 
ness. Sunday and Monday, out of town. Wed — " 

G. of C. A.^" It seems to me, Mr. C, that youi 
health is rather delicate, and that your presence in 
town is not considered exactly a necessity." 

Mr. Cutter — " Yes, I find the sudden climatic 
changes rather wearing on my constitution, and as I 
h.ave relatives in Portland, Lewiston, Auburn, Bath, 
Bowdoinham, Gai-diner, Augusta, Waterville, and 
Topsham, wliom father has cautioned me not to 
neglect, I like to drop in on them occasionally and 
spend the night." 

G. of C. A. — " Very well, consider yourself 

In my heart, a sileut chamber. 
No one dwells there, 
No one enters. 
From the walls, the busy spiders drop and spin their 
webs of gauze, 
Watch and weave iu vain endeavor, 
Weak and dying fall forever; 
While the gray dust sifts and settles all along the 
barren floors. 

Once, it was the .scene of splendor, 
Light and gladness, 
Joy and glory, 
There my princess dwelt in beauty never seen on 
earth before, 
And the candles by the fire 
Leapt and quivered with desire, 
Joyed that she should look upon them, longed to feel 
her presence more. 

By the ancient, carven portal. 
Hangs the key now, 
Rusted, broken; 
And across the bare gaunt windows, stretch the cur- 
tains, old and thin. 
Time has dimmed, and moths have eaten, 
Winter storms have tossed and beaten; 
In my chamber silence, darkness; sunshine may not 
enter in. 

— Harvard Advocate. 

Sic transit glofia mti7idi,vfe were fain to exclaim 
when we picked up the last Orient, and saw the 
damage done to our excruciatingly witty comment 
on the Bates Student by a typographical error : the 
word merit being substituted for nuit. 

There is a cartoon in the last Columbia Spectator 



which attracted our attention. It is entitled " What 
Might be a Popular Method oF Training," and repre- 
sents a youth in a gym. suit, tilted back in his chair 
smoking a festive cigarette, while near by, in a pail 
of ice, some " Mumm's Extra" is temptingly repos- 
ing. If any one cares to look at it he will find it in 
the Reading-Room. Dear exchanges, don't for a 
moment understand us as meaning to intimate that a 
Bowdoin athlete would train in such a way. Far 
from it. The thing simply struck us as a hugely 
good joke, that's all. 

The North Carolina University Magazine is very 
well gotten up and the articles are well written, but 
except from the title and a few notes in the back of it 
one would never suspect that it was a college maga- 
zine. In the last issue there is not a single article 
that has any relation to college life. In the table of 
contents are such as : "A Sketch of the Life of Gov. 
Thomas Bragg," "The Negro Must Remain in the 
South," "Grandfather's Tales of North Carolina 
History," etc. 

We learn from the last Brunonian that the board 
of editors of the Liber (Brown's annual) have de- 
cided to allow no old cuts to appear this year, and 
have notified all societies, wishing to be represented, 
to provide new ones. 

Lynam, '89, now in the Harvard 
Medical School, recently made the col- 
lege a visit. 

Partridge, ex-'93, is attending the Medical School. 
Fabyan, '93, acts as correspondent for the New 
York Times this year. 

Several '91 men have recently undergone sieges 
with the mumps. 

Gurney, '92, has returned to college from Friend- 
ship, where he has been teaching. 

Gumnier, '92, has resumed his position as organist, 
having returned from teaching. 

Fish, '91, is acting as assistant secretary in the 
Medical School. 

Dana Foster, Colby, '91, visit