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THE 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Published Fortnightly by the Students of 



BOWDOIN COLLEGE, 



EDITORIAL BOARD. 

E. A. PUGSLEY, '92, Managing Editor. 

J. C. HULL, '92, Assistant Managing Editor. 

H. C. FABYAN, '93, Business Editor. 

M. S. CLIFFORD, '93, Local Editor. F. AT. PICKARD, '93, Athletic Editor. 

H. "e.' ANDREV^S '94 I ^^V'^'' «'"^ Reason. J. B. F. HODGDON, '92, Personal Editor. 

H. W. KIMBALL, '92, | clulg^^iYo^i^i^ F. V. GUMMER, '92, General Editor. 



BOWDOIN COLLEGE. 

BRUNSWICK, MAINE. 
1891-92. 



/'^f^3 



Index to Volume XXI. 



EDITOR! A L DEPAR TMENTS. 

Editorial Notes E. A. Pugsley, Editor. 

1-3, 15-17, 31-33, 47-48, 65-69, 123, 135-137, 147-149, 161-163, 177-179, 195-196, 211-213, 
223-225, 287-240, 261-252, 265-267, 279-282. 

J. C. Hull, Assistant Editor, 16-17, 31, 122-124, 148. 

Rhyme and Reason C. W. Peabody, Editor. 

New Alclietny, 7 ; Somebody, 20 ; Beau-Not, 20 ; A Day Dream, 36 ; The Same Old Tliread- 
bare Tlieme, 36 ; A Sonnet, 127 ; Fisii Stories, 127 ; Unoiironicled, 141 ; From Legend to 
Dream, 154; Wiietlier, 154; Point Tupelo, 169; The Scholastic, 169; Two Questions, 
203 ; A Lost Harp, 208 ; The Snow Slide. 217 ; The Good Gray Poet, 291. 
H. E. Andrews, Assistant Editor. Ocean's Lessons, 7 ; Usage versus Rhyme, 20 ; Spring 
Term, 37; The Song of the Oil Can, 116; A Tale of Love, 127; Autumn Thoughts on 
Summer Girls, 141 ; Solved, 154 ; Green Fields for the Muse, 169 ; Humanity the Apple 
and the Fall, 169 ; A Defense, 188 ; A Wail, 217 ; The First Assembly, 231 ; Inconsistency, 
246; A Translation, 260; The Reason, 260 ; Of Course, 273 ; An Appeal, 290. 
H.W.Kimball. The Society Girl, 7; My Star, 21; Almost, 37 ; Waiting for Katie, 116; 

With Burns, 154 , True to Thy Best, 188 ; A Toast Love, 245. 
W. P. Chamberlain. Junior Ease, 188; The Old Year, 203 ; The Pines, 203; Hard Luck, 

280; Which? 260. 
J. T. Shaw. A Mystic Figure, 246 ; Honors Easy, 260 ; The Reason Why, 260. 
W. B. Kenniston. Capital Punishment, 169; The Breakers, 188. 

C. E. Michels. May, 36; Evening after a Snow-Storm, 217. 
E. M. Simpson. The Coming Back to Bowdoin, 127. 

H. C. Emery. A Fragment, 203. 

D. B. Kidlon. Gold, 188. 

Prof. W. C. Lawton, Neue Friilingsnacht, 273. 
An Alumnus. To an Ambitious Dullard, 230. 

COLLBGii Tabula M.S. Clifford, Editor. 

8, 21, 37, 60, 116, 128, 142, 154, 169, 189, 201, 218, 231, 246, 261, 274, 291. 

Athletics F. W. Pickard, Editor. 

10, 23, 39, 61, 117, 129, 144, 156, 171, 190, 

Y. M. C. A J. P. Cilley. 11,25,42. 

J. D. Merriman. 118, 130. 144, 172, 191, 206, 220, 233, 262, 275. 

Personals J. B. F. Hodgdon, Editor. 

12, 26, 43, 63, 118, 131, 145, 158, 173, 192, 206, 220, 231, 248,263, 276, 292. 
B. L. Bryant, 248. 

College World H. W. Kimball, Editor. 

18, 29, 45, 120, 134, 145, 159, 174, 193, 208, 221, 286, 249, 264, 277, 293. 



INDEX (Continued). 
MISCELLANEOUS. 

PROSE. 

Alpha Delta Phi Fraternity H. S. Chapman 34 

Alumni Game 101 

Alumni Meeting 102 

Alumni News Notes An Ex-Editor of the Orient 179 

Are Our Naturalization Laws Sufficiently Stringent? E. A. Pugsley 244 

Athletic Exhibition E. A. Pugsley 283 

Baccalaureate Sermon President Hyde 71 

Bowdoin's Buildings W. P. Chamberlain 197 

Bowdoin's Yell J. P. Cilley 6 

Bowdoin's Niglit From Washinglon Evening Star 256 

Bowdoin Sixty-Five Years Ago I. Packard, '31 282 

Bugle, The F. J. Libby 254 

Career of William E. Gladstone, The F. Durgin 152 

Cheering the Halls 95 

Class Day Oration A. K. Newman 79 

Class History. S. H. Erskine 86 

Class Prophecy C. S. F. Lincoln 89 

Class Reunions 113 

Class of 1817 From a Portland Paper of 1867 215 

College Library W. E. Currier 181 

Commencement Exercises Compiled by E. A. Pugsley 71 

Commencement Concert 101 

Commencement Exercises 102 

Commencement Dinner 103 

Communication G. V. S. Michael 36 

Dance on the Green 95 

Debating Club, The B. L. Bryant 216 

Dinner to the Labrador Expedition, A E. P. Baxter 180 

Doings of the Past at Bowdoin B. L. Bryant 225 

Electives ' 59 

Examinations for Admission 115 

Field Day J. D. Merriraan : 19 

Fire Escapes 124 

Foot-Ball Advertising J. B. F. Hodgdon. 153 

Fraternity Reunions 101 

Freeing of Ethel, The B, F. Barker 287 

How to Dispose of the Ashes M. S. Clifford 140 

How One Misfortune Prevented Another F. M. Shaw 241 

In Memoriam 28 

In Memoriam 134 

In Memoriam 169 

In Memoi'iam 230 

Intercollegiate Magazine, An B. L. Bryant 267 

Ivy Day Exercises Compiled by E. A. Pugsley ^ . 48 

Ivy Oration E. A. Pugsley 49 

Jack Randolph's Sister R. R. Goodell 182 

Judge Symonds' Speech 285 

Junior Prize Declamation 78 

Keeper's Story, The F. M. Shaw 228 

Labrador Expedition, The E. A. Pugsley 137 

Labrador Expedition, continued. The E. A. Pugsley 150 

Labrador Expedition, continued. The E. A. Pugsley 167 

Labrador Expedition, concluded, The E. A. Pugsley 186 

Legend from the Pines, A T. C. Chapman 183 

Little Girl in the Gray Ulster, The B. F. Barker 266 

Marvel, A T. C. Chapman, Jr 269 

Meeting of the Board of Overseers and Trustees 99 

Meeting of Maine Historical Society 100 

M. I, A. A... J.C. Hull 181 

National University Extension Conference, A Bulletin No. 5 of the U. E. Society .202 

New England Association of Zeta Psi, The VV. P. Chamberlain 229 

New England Theta Delta Chi J. B. F. Hodgdon 5 

'Ninetv-Four's Dinner 70 



INDEX {Continued). 

'Ninety-Four's Horn Concert F. V. Guinmer 127 

Northtiekl H. W. Kimball 125 

Opening Addi-ess O. C. Scales 8i 

Oration — The Medical Profession Chancey Adams 96 

Parlez-vous Fran^ais? F. V. Gummer 126 

Parting Address E. N. Goding 9^ 

Phi Beta Kappa 99 

Philosopber and the Merchant ; or, Ghosts Refuted, The. H. F. Linscott 164 

President Dvvight of Yale on Prof. Smith From President's Report 84 

President's Reception 113 

President Hyde on Our Ethical Resources From Christian Leader 253 

Prize Essay, Circular of American Protective Tariff League 216 

Proposed E.xhibit of Maine's Minerals at the World's Fair, A. W. S. Bayley 287 

Psi Upsilon Convention, The C. \V. Peabody 18 

Psi Upsilon Reception H. C. Emery '. . .253 

Recognition for University Extension Students. Bulletin of U. S. Society . 229 

Relation of the Greek-Letter Society to the College, The. W : P. Chamberlain 163 

Reminiscences of the Thirties W. P. Chamberlain 226 

Response of the Pious Man H. R. Smith 54 

Response of Class Tourist J. B. F. Hodgdon 56 

Response of the Freak CM. Pennell 67 

Response of Popular Man , . . R. F. Bartlett 68 

School Lyceum, A 149 

Smoking I'ipe of Peace 94 

Some Reminiscences of College Life Isaac McLellan 3 

Suggestion, A 124 

Sunday Library J. B. F. Hodgdon 163 

Tennis F. W. Pickard 213 

Theme System, The H. C. Emery 197 

To the Alumni Dr. F. H. Gerrish 17 

Tribute, A From Christian Mirror 245 

University Extension Magazine, The U. E. S. Bulletin Ko 5 267 

Vital Need of University Extension, The Secretary of U. E. Society 271 

Why Not Our Own? B. L. Bryant 241 

y. M. C. A. and the College, The B. L. Bryant 226 

Young Lady's Account of a Vacation Experience, A. R. R. Goodell 200 

Zeta Psi Convention W. P. Chamberlain 214 

POETRT. 

Class Day Poem W. G. Mallet 82 

Class Ode L. A. Burleigh 95 

Ivy Poem F. V. Gummer 52 

Ivy Ode , W. 0. Hersey 69 

Rhyme, A George A. Thomas, Class of '41 272 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Vol. XXI. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, APRIL 29, 1891. 



No. 1. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 

PUBLISHED EVEKT AI.TBKNATE WEDNESDAY DUKINQ 
THE COLLEGIATE YEAR BY THE STUDENTS OF 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE. 

EDITORIAL BOARD. 

E. A. PuGSLBY, '92, Managing Editor. 

J. C. Hull, '92, Assistant Managing Editor. 

H. C. Fabyan, '93, Business Manager. 

F. V. Plummer, '92. M. S. Clifford, '93. 

J. B. P. HoDGDON, '92. C. W. Peabody, '93. 

H. W. Kimball, '92. H. E. Andrews, '94. 

P. W. PiCKARD, '94. 

Per annum, in advance $2.00. 

Single Copies, 15 Cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to tlie Business Editor. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Rhyme and Reason Department should be 
sent to Box 951, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post-Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 

CONTENTS. 

Vol. XXI., No. 1.— April 29, 1891. 

Editorial Notes 1 

Miscellaneous : 
■ Some Reminiscences of College Life. Isaac 

McLellan 3 

New England Theta Delta Chi, 5 

Bowdoin's Tell. An Alumus 6 

Rhyme and Reason; 

The New Alchemy, 7 

Ocean's Lesson, 7 

The Society Girl, 7 

CoLLEGii Tabula, 8 

Athletics, 10 

Y. M. C. A., 11 

Personal, 12 

College World 13 




issue the twentieth 
volume of the Orient was completed, and 
those having it in charge retired. It is with 
some liesitation that we accept the editorship 
thus vacated. The position carries with itself 
a responsibility second to no other that can 
fall to the lot of a college undergraduate. We 
shall make no promises at the outset, but we 
are willing to take hold of the work bare- 
handed and to press it with whatever energy 
we may possess. A college paper should 
deal with the questions and problems of 
college life. Upon its expressions concerning 
such matters its success or failure largely 
depends. In treating of such of these subjects 
as are of a local nature we hope to be plain- 
spoken without giving offense, and capable of 
receiving criticism without feeling aggrieved. 
We shall endeavor to discuss intercollegiate 
matters with liberality and fairness, at the 
same time supporting firmly the interests of 
the institution which the sheet represents. 
No radical changes will be made in the 
appearance of the publication, the belief being 
that its friends had rather receive it from us 
as they know it, and that it is best to give 
permanence to some elements of its make-up 
which heretofore have been subject to changes. 
The matter within will be distributed for the 
present along the lines already laid down, 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



new features being added whenever there 
seems to be reason or necessity for their 
introduction. 

The standard set for us by previous edito- 
rial boards is of a high order. We shall 
doubtless fail to attain to it, nevertheless we 
shall seek to maintain something of tlie 
excellence of the past. Let the failures 
attending our efforts be ascribed to our lim- 
ited qualifications rather than to want of 
attention. 



NOW that the campus has had its an- 
nual spring clearing up more pride should 
be taken by us all in keeping it decent and in 
order. During the past winter there has 
been too much carelessness in the matter of 
cleanliness about the dormitories. Frequently 
people waiting for a train take a stroll along 
the campus walks, and it is needless to saj' 
that piles of coal ashes and paper dumped 
out of the windows do not impress them 
favorably. Moreover, friends of the college 
who are willing to aid it are prevented from 
so doing by this inattention to the precautions 
for health and to the common decencies of 
life. They think, and think rightly, that an 
old dormitory is just as good as a new one 
for some of the uses to which we put the 
ones we now have. There ought to be, and 
must be, an end to some of the practices now 
prevalent if we are ever to obtain anything 
better. 

TTONDAY before the opening of the term 
J^-^ Tuesday was truly a spring-time day. It 
had just enough warmth of sun, aroma of 
swelling vegetation, haziness of sky, flush of 
landscape, and music of returning birds to 
make it delightful to loiter about the campus 
or along the river, breathing in great draughts 
of the invigorating air, and feeling the balmy 
atmosphere to press all about one's self like 
the soft folds of a downy garment. Every- 
thing seemed to be coming to life again, and 



especially so to those who had spent the days 
of the vacation within the dingy dormitories 
of the old college, for the forms and faces 
of old friends began to reappear early in the 
day. As one pushed up the window and 
watched the men coming in from the trains, 
along by old Massachusetts, or across by 
Memorial, with elastic step and cheery greet- 
ing, grip in one hand and the extra article 
that the trunk could not accommodate in the 
other, he could not fail to mark how in keep- 
ing with the season everything seemed to be. 
Yes, it was a glorious day with an inspiring 
sight, a harbinger we can but believe, of a 
teim full of pleasure and profit for us all. 



IN ANOTHER column a communication 
from one of the alumni will be found bear- 
ing upon the subject of a college yell. Every, 
man should give this article a careful consid- 
eration, and the yell proposed should be tested 
by the students in mass, at the first opportu- 
nity. This is a matter that has been agitated 
once or twice before, and nearly every mem- 
ber of the college feels that we should have 
a distinctive college cry; yet no one here at 
the college seems to be willing to undertake 
to produce one. If we are to have anything 
of the kind at all, we certainly ought to have 
it before the league games begin. If the one 
suggested should not, upon trial, prove satis- 
factory, another can be formulated that will. 
There is sufficient ability connected with the 
college to bring out a first-class yell, if that 
ability can once be aroused. We shall 
endeavor to prod it into activity. I 



WE ARE not yet able to state with any 
degree of accuracy the comparative 
merits of the base-ball team for the coming 
season, and shall not be able to do so until 
the Colby men have met the Portlands, which 
they are soon to do. For the benefit of the 
alumni we will state that there will be two 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



dual college leagues this year, as has been 
previously intimated; Bowdoin and Colby 
forming one and Bates and Maine State the 
other. Our team, therefore, will meet only 
the men from Waterville in league contests. 
The members of the Bowdoin team practiced 
daily in the gymnasium during the latter part 
of the winter and have kept it up on the 
delta since the present terra opened. They 
have played two games with the New 
England League team of Portland, in which 
they worked together better than is the 
custom in a Bowdoin team. There is less 
talk among the students concerning the team 
as a winner, and tliis it is believed is having 
a good effect upon the men. If as good work 
is done throughout the season as was done on 
Fast Day, increasing as it should during the 
progress of the season, then there is a possi- 
bility that at tiie end of the same we may 
have a majority of the league games to our 
credit. 



n'MONG the miscellaneous articles in this 
I *■ issue is a ver}- interesting communication 
from the venerable lawyer, editor, and author, 
I.saac McLellan, of Springs, Long Island, en- 
titled " Some Reminiscences of College Life." 
It seems almost impossible to believe that, as 
we read it, through its lines a man is speaking 
to us that links us by his person to the very 
individuals of those renowned classes of the 
"'twenties." Yet thus it is. In the succeed- 
ing issues we hope to publish more just such 
articles. Hon. James W. Bradbury, of the 
class of '25, has already promised to furnish 
something of this nature soon. 



TITHE alumni need not wait for personal 
-*■ letters inviting them to contribute matter 
for the Orient. We would gladly address 
each one on the subject and shall do so as far 
as is possible ; but there is not time for very 
extensive work in this direction. In the 
meantime let each alumnus send a.ny article 



which will add life to these pages or engage 
the attention of his brother graduates with 
interest and advantage. 



TT7HERE are one or two errors in Dr. Stone's 
^ article in a recent number of the Orient 
which should be corrected. Dr. Stone says 
Jacob Abbott died in Farmington, iVIe., rather 
than in Boston, as the Orient made him say. 
He also states with reference to his own place 
of birth as follows : " For my own birth- 
place, except that in the earlier years of this 
century Maine was a district of Massachusetts, 
Waterford had no other connection with that 
ancient State. I rejoice too much in my 
relation to Maine to have it thought that I 
was born anywhere else. For Maine and 
Bowdoin College I shall never cease to feel a 
filial affection." 



i§©eIIarpeoa§. 



Some Reminiscences of College 
Life. 

I^LEASANT it is to one, after a long period 
■'' of travel, to pause at some elevated spot 
for rest and refreshment, and to cast a retro- 
spective glance over scenes through which 
the day's journey has led. Far as eye can 
reach, even to the horizon's edge, he can trace 
out the scene, outspread like a map before 
him, and view each charming spot that he 
has visited. To his mind's eye are revealed 
tile starting point of Hfe, the streams of 
youth, the village school-house, the more 
pretentious academy, the college halls, and 
the groups of college friends and classmates. 
He can read their names and faces distinctly, 
for they are photographed in memory. The 
recollections are pleasing, yet saddened, for 
the theatric display is ended, the play is 
concluded, the actors have finished their 
performance, and have retired from view, 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



and the curtain drops — the audience disperses. 

Long since have departed this life the 
beloved professors, tutors, and presidents of 
those daj's, and of the group of thirty-one 
graduates in 1826, who received their 
diplomas at the hand of President Allen, 
"per ductaritate nichi commiosa" the present 
writer is the sole survivor ; yet those dear 
teachers survive in my memory, never to 
fade away, such as Allen, Cleveland, Packard, 
Upham, Newman, and Smythe. Some of 
them were very dear to me, especially Pro- 
fessor Newman, in whose household we passed 
our Freshman year, and Packard, with whom 
we exchanged letters for many years after 
our college separation. 

Of my own class, many of them, in after 
life, distinguished^ themselves as lawyers, 
doctors, and teachers, and at least two of 
them, Boyd and Sawyer, became chief 
justices in two of the states. 

In our day, Longfellow and Hawthorne, 
both so greatly celebrated, were members of 
the class that preceded our own. With the 
latter we had but little acquaintance, as he 
was a shy, reserved student, mingling only 
with his particular clique, who boarded 
together at Mr. Dunning's, ever walking 
together, talking together. This party con- 
sisted of Jonathan Cilley, Member of Con- 
gress (killed in a duel), Franklin Pierce 
(President of the United States), W. P. Fes- 
senden (United States Senate), John P. Hale 
(United States Senate), Nathaniel Hawthorne, 
Horace Bridge, and others. Our own small 
club boarded near them at Mrs. Growse's, 
consisting of Henry Longfellow, S. S. Pren- 
tiss, William Appleton, L. F. Apthorp, and 
W. T. Billiard of my class, and as we were 
all members of the " Pencinian Society," 
and the Dunning party were " Athenseans," 
we had but Httle mutual intercourse. Haw- 
thorne was remarkably quiet and diffident, 
always having a downcast, meditative look, 
as if lost in thought. We do not think I 



that he applied himself closely to college 
studies, but was an industrious general 
reader. He iaad no great ambition for 
college honors, held no high rank in his 
class, where Little, Longfellow, and Cheever 
held the highest places, and I think he had 
no part assigned him at Commencement. 
When he gained, subsequently, such great 
reputation as a novelist, it was rather a 
surprise to those who knew him but slightly ; 
but his intimate friends, such as Pierce, 
Bridge, Cilley, and others, probably recog- 
nized his rare qualities better. A few years i 
later when we met him in a Boston law-office ' 
of a mutual friend, we failed to recognize 
him at first, and were introduced to him -as 
" Mr. Hawthorne." We looked for a moment 
at his impassive features, and deep, dark eyes, 
before vve knew him as our old college ac- 
quaintance, Nathaniel " Hathorne." He had 
changed his name, and was no longer plain 
" Old Hath." We were both then writing 
largely for S. G. Goodrich, a Boston pub- 
lisher, and there he first made his literary 
career. I 

Our intimacy with Longfellow commenced ' 
early in college days, and was continued to 
the end of his life, with frequent meetings at 
Cambridge and Boston, and occasional cor- 
respondence. Our last letter from him was 
from his death-bed, a few lines dictated to 
one of his daughters. In our college-day 
rambles he seemed to riot in the exuberance 
of young life, delighting in the freshness and 
fragrance and various voices of woods and 
waters, and absorbing all their teachings and 
monitions, and so receiving from them an 
influence in his innermost heart that should 
bear blossom and fruitage with maturity of 
later years. In tliose later years, when he 
occupied the professor's chair at Harvard, it 
was a great pleasure to us to look into that 
kindly, genial face, to talk over old days, and 
compare notes as to living or dead of the 
past ; and as we gazed on those older features 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



and the ample silvery beard, whitened by the 
winter of life, we could still recall the expres- 
sion of the young, blight face crowned with 
fair brown locks, and liglitened up by the 
beaming, gentle eyes. We sometimes passed 
the hours with him seated on. tlie platform 
raised on a tree by liis piazza, while his pretty 
group of children played and rejoiced below. 
It was a fair scene, with the grand old 
Craigie mansion of Washington beside us, 
and the old trees casting, like benedictions, 
their shadows around us, the fair River 
Charles winding through the green meadows, 
the woods of Mount Auburn reposing in the 
distance; and now there, beneath the monu- 
mental shaft, his sacred dust is laid ! 

Late in his college life Longfellow began 
to publish his earliest verses in Bryant's 
United States Literary Gazette, and to this 
excellent journal his classmate, Fred Walker, 
and myself contributed several of our virgin 
attempts at verse. After his visit to Europe 
he took charge of the professorship at Bow- 
doin, where his brother professors were all 
men distinguished as authors — such were 
President Allen, Professors Cleveland, New- 
man, Packard, Smythe, and Upham. While 
still a Bowdoin professor, he visited Boston 
during a winter vacation, and passed some 
time at the residence of the writer in Boston, 
and during the late evenings he would sit by 
our fireside and read to us his manuscript of 
" Outr^ M^r," which he produced from his 
valise, and for which he hoped to find a 
purchaser and publisher. We were greatly 
charmed with the work, and endeavored to 
find a publisher for it, but with no success; 
but subsequently, on his visit to New York, 
he disposed of it. The book was soon suc- 
ceeded by his " Psalms of Life," " Hiawatha," 
and " Evangeline," which placed the author 
in the front rank of American poets. 

Among my classmates, my most intimate 
friend was the late Sergeant S. Prentiss, who 
in later years distinguished himself as the 



leading orator and lawyer of the Southwest. 
He was, in youth, an ardent sportsman, and 
often joined with us, with gun on shoulder, 
seeking the wild pigeons in Brunswick pine 
woods, or shooting the wild fowl of the ba3's. 
Still another friend and classmate was the 
late B. B. Thatcher, author of " Indian Biog- 
raphy." After he had completed his law 
studies in Maine, he came to Boston in 
search of employment, and called on me for 
assistance in this work. I was then associ- 
ated with the Boston Crazette and also the 
Daily Pati-iot, and I cheerfully transferred 
this former position to friend Thatcher. He 
showed himself to be such an able writer 
that he secured the position of chief editor of 
the daily Mercantile Journal, which place he 
held to the day of his death in July, 1880. 
Among my other intimate friends were the 
brothers J. S. C. Abbot and G. D. Abbot, 
the latter being my chum in the Junior year. 
I enjoyed my college life to the utmost, and 
have ever since felt the greatest interest in 
the growth and welfare of the good old 
institution. jg^^c MoLellan. 



New England Theta Delta Chi. 

TTTHE dining room at Young's Hotel in 
-^ Boston, on the evening of April 3d, was 
the scene of great festivity. On this evening 
the New England Association of Theta Delta 
Chi held its eighth annual reunion and ban- 
quet. At about seven o'clock sixty-five loyal 
Theta Deltas^ from our New England colleges 
marched into the dining hall and took their 
places about the tables, and after prayer by 
J. W. Spencer, of Boston University, all fell 
to and attacked the delicious viands for which 
this house is so famous. Mirth and Jollity 
were favorite guests and did their part in the 
evening's entertainment. After all had tested 
to their utmost capacity the good things set 
before them. President Seth P. Smith, Dart- 
mouth, '82, introduced the toastmaster, B. D. 



6 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Ridlon, Bowdoin, '91, who carried his diffi- 
cult part to the perfect satisfaction of all. 
The orator of the evening, Hon. William E. 
Hogan, of Bath, an alumnus of the Omicron 
Deuteron charge, spoke in a very pleasing 
manner of his college courtae and said many 
things which doubtless benefited all present. 
Mr. Hopkins, also of Omicron Deuteron, the 
poet of the occasion, was fully equal to 
his task and had an excellent production. 
The following toasts were responded to : 
Theta Delta Chi, Clay W. Holmes, President 
of the Grand Lodge; Absent Members, G. H. 
Spencer of Lambda, Boston University ; The 
Press, by J. W. Luce, Lambda; Kappa, by M. 
M. Johnson of Tufts ; Zeta, by Mr. Gardiner of 
Brown ; Lambda, by F. W. Adams of Bos- 
ton University; Omicron Deuteron, by Mr. 
Plumber of Dartmouth; Mu Deuteron, by 
Mr. Hitchcock of Amherst; Theta Deuteron, 
by G. B. Hawley of Massachusetts Institute 
of Technology ; Theta Delta Chi Girls, by 
M. L. Kimball, Eta, '87. The toast to the 
Omega charge was drunk in silence. 

Bowdoin was represented by W. W. Cur- 
tis, '82 ; H. E. Cole, '83 ; L Home, '86 ; M. 
L. Kimball, '87 ; G. F. Freeman, '90 ; C. H. 
Hastings, E. H. Newbegin, P. C. Newbegin, 

F. E. Parker, G. A. Porter, B. D. Ridlon, C. 
E. Riley, C. S. Wright, '91 ; J. F. Hodgdon, 
'92; F. R. Arnold and B. F. Barker, '93. 

At the business meeting the following 
officers were elected for the ensuing year: 
President, Seth P. Smith ; Vice-Presidents, 
Rev. Elmer H. Capen, D.D., President Tufts 
College, Hon. Augustus S. Miller, President 
M. C. Pernald of Maine State College, Hon. 
Nathan Dixon ; Directors, F. L. Hayes of 
Dartmouth, J. B. Grice of Tufts, F. Durgin of 
Bowdoin, T. S. Thomas of Boston Universitj'-, 

G. S. Stewart of Amherst, H. S. Gardner of 
Brown, G. F. Dana of Technology. 

At an early hour in the morning the com- 
pany dispersed until the next annual meeting 
in April, 1892. 



Bowdoin's Yell. 

TPO ONE unaccustomed to the glamour that 
-*- comes from use, the following defects 
were apparent when hearing, for the first 
time, the yell given over the tug-of-war at 
the last athletic exhibition: 

First. — The painful absence of originality 
in the yell. 

Second. — Its lack of sonorous qualities. 
In fact the yell sounded better from half a 
dozen voices on the college grounds than 
from the two hundred in the hall. 

Third. — The letters employed are not given 
their phonetic sounds; that while the 3'ell "gets 
there," it airives lame and flat on its back. 

, To illustrate: Suppose you yell L, O, G, 
U, E, and then say Log. You are dazed for 
a moment, and the small boy from the pri- 
mary school helps you up and leads you home, 
and frankly tells you you do not know your 
"biz." Many, admitting the above, demand 
what are you going to do about it? Now 
then, imagine two hundred voices on 

'Rah., 'rah, Wah ! 'Rah, 'rah, 'rah ! Bowdoin ! 

Boivdoin ! 

Orient, Bugle, Brunswick, Bowdoin! 

you have a yell in which is : 

First. — Every word a Bowdoin word with 
a Bowdoin flavor. There 's your college. 
There's your town. There's your Bugle, 
waking yearly echoes in every class. There's 
your "Down East," with the promise and 
hope of its rising sons. 

Second. — It contains a series of robust 
ringing Bs, that are stalwart and strong, and 
appropriate to Bowdoin. 

Third. — The proper names used descrip- 
tively have a crescendo effect that leads to 
repetitions with added force of throat and 
voice, till it shakes the rafters and the walls 
of Brunswick's largest hall. 

"The proof of the pudding is in its eating." 
So this suggested yell should be digested by 
actual trial and use before it is discarded as 
without merit. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



^^gme ai?cd ^eagon. 



The New Alchemy. 

What alchemist old, 

SearchiDg for gold, 
Toils alone in this dusky cell ? 

Does his restless sprite, 

In its wandering flight, 
Come back to its ancient haunts to dwell? 

His weary eye, 

Glassy and dry, 
Looks intent o'er the crucible's glare, 

Fearing to lose, 

As the metals fuse. 
The ghmpse of the gold that is hidden there. 

No alchemist old, 

SearchiDg for gold. 
Bends intent by this ruddy light. 

No enthusiast pale, 

Who is fated to fail, 
After labor that marks not day or night. 

A moment's rest, 

His hopes are blessed ; 
He sees with the eagle sight of youth. 

New figures appear, 

Now dim and now clear. 
For he trusts in the chemist's proven truth. 

New shades efface 

The dull and base. 
Is alchemy still in the arts of men 1 

The forms that unfold 

Are not of gold. 
But pictures drawn by a golden pen. 

Mountain and sea. 

Cottage and tree, 
A face that is dear,— perhaps of you. 

Now which is the best, 

The riddle guessed. 
The alchemy old or the alchemy new? 



Ocean's Lesson. 

Where through pines the wind roams sighing; 

When the dusky day is dying. 

And on sands, far stretched out-lying. 

Glints the sun's last golden glow. 
There would I sink into sleeping, 
While old Ocean near is keeping 
Ceaseless crooning, ever creeping 

Up and down the sands below. 



And, the summer night advancing. 
To this lullaby entrancing. 
Slumber's softest power enhancing, 

There would I sleep sweetly on. 
Wrapped in purest earthly pleasures. 
Soothed by earth's most soothing measures, 
Blessed with earth's most priceless treasures. 

Would I slumber till the dawn. 

When Aurora, shyly peeping, 
Then, more boldly, upward leaping. 
All the east in light is steeping. 

And the world seems glad to live ; 
Still, — aye, always!— dear old Ocean, 
By his constant, constant motion. 
Teaches that to toil, devotion 

We must now and ever give. 



The Society Girl. 

A flutter of ribbons and laces. 

An odor of perfumed hair ; 
Rich shoulders half hidden in roses, 

And a smiling face most fair; 
And the touch of her hand allures you, 

The glances of eyes enthrall. 
As, to dreamy, passionate music, 

You glide down the lighted hall. 

She can flirt, and can dance, and be bright. 

And talk of the fads of the day; 
Aud the winsome smile that she gives you 

Will charm in a wonderful way. 
Her figure is lithesome and graceful, 

And soft is her fair white hand; 
And you wonder what she was made for, 

This doll whom you can't understand. 

For where is the soul in the laughter, 

The heart 'neath the bosom that beats, 
A love for humanity's sufferings. 

The poverty, sin of the streets? 
For the woes of the world she has pity. 

Her pity ! The cheapest of gifts ! 
But where is the sincere compassion 

That proffers the hand, and uplifts ? 

She's only a maiden of fashion ; 

A butterfly pretty, that 's all ; 
Enslaved in a bondage of pleasure. 

And held in society's thrall. 
Now, but a plaything — oh that she might 

Ennobling impulses impart ! 
She'll give us a glimpse of her bosom. 

But, oh for a glimpse of her heart ! 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 




Burleigh, '91, is again at college, 
after passing last term as stenographer 
at the Legislature. 
Burnham, '94, has left college. 
Burpee, '87, recently visited the college. 
Card, '88, made the college a visit lately. 
Briggs, '94, is confined to his room by measles. 
Burleigh, '87, made a visit to his Alma Mater 
recently. 

W. W. Hubbard, '90, was at the college last 
week. 

W. W. Poore, '91, is training the youthful idea 
at Pembroke. 

Professor Robinson made a short visit to Boston 
last week. 

E. C. Plummer, '88, spent Sunday, the 19th, at 
the college. 

Hinkley, '94, while playing ball in Portland, had 
his thumb broken in two places. 

Chapman, '91, has been reporting the conference 
for the Lewiston Journal. 

May, '93, has been appointed monitor to keep a 
record of the choir attendance. 

Dr. Mason, at the College Church, delivered a 
very interesting sermon on Past Day. 

Charles Hawes, '76, agent of the East Tennessee 
Land Company, was here a few days ago. 

Gilmore's Band attracted a number of the stu- 
dents to Portland, last Saturday. 

Professor Lee delivered an illustrated lecture on 
" Patagonia" at Cumberland Mills, April 21st. 

A special initiation was held by the Alpha Delta 
Phis last Friday, at which Boss, '94, was taken in. 

Professor Chapman was at Parmington, April 
18th, where he delivered a lecture on " Macbeth." 

The Sophomores are engaged in reading 
" Colomba," by Merimee, in French this term. 

Professor Hutchins visited Colby a few days ago, 
where he was the guest of Professor W. A. Rogers. 



A small quantity of the sporting element 
attended " Ship Ahoy " at Lewiston last Thursday 
evening. 

Baldwin and Machan are to talje the College 
Book Store next year and will room in South 
Winthrop. 

The A. A. <i>. society has changed its boarding 
place, and now meals at Mrs. Kaler's on Paige 
Street. 

J. B. Pendleton, '90, representiilg H. Partridge 
& Co., was here last week, and measured the ball 
team for suits. 

The candy vender has been rather less frequent 
of late, but there is never rest for the weary. The 
May-flower fiend is now having his turn. 

The Juniors held a meeting last Thursday and 
made some arrangements for Field and Ivy Days, 
which they appointed for June 4th and 5th. 

Carleton, '93, is confined to his room by an attack 
of the measles. Hardy, '91, has just undergone an 
encounter with this troublesome malady. 

Hardy and Jarvis have declared war on their 
debtors, and hereafter spot cash and barter will be 
all which will satisfy this firm. 

Brunswick, for the past week, has been besieged 
with Methodists, who are attending the conference 
here. A great many of them have paid visits to 
the college. 

The Seniors are now taking Quantitative Analy- 
sis in Chemistry, and are keeping an eye open for 
some of those counterfeit coins which so bother 
Uncle Sam's officials. 

Over one hundred new singing books have been 
purchased for the chapel. The old books have done 
excellent service, but like all good things must give 
way to something better. 

The class albums for the Seniors have arrived 
and are being delivered by Mahoney. The books 
were purchased of J. G. Roberts & Co., of Boston, 
and are gotten up very handsomely. 

The appearance of the observatory has been 
greatly improved by the grading which has been 
done about it. Astronomy with such an observatory 
as is now here cannot fail to be a most interesting 
and profitable study. 

The new study of Junior year, Practical 
Rhetoric, is proving very popular under Mr. 
Tolman. The exercises consi.st of extemporaneous 
writing and speaking, and in addition one theme a 
week is required. Part of the class have ta.ken 
a course of reading instead of the speaking. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Rev. Charles H. Paine, Secretary of the Board of 
Education of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and 
formerly President of Ohio Wesleyan College, made 
some very interesting remarks in chapel, last 
Sunday. 

Bowdoin seems to contain all styles and sizes of 
men. It was rumored about a few days ago that a 
Leper was within its precincts, but a marvelous 
cure has been wrought, and the outcast is again 
threading his way in the mazes of society. 

What a marked effect upon a gallant youth a 
pleasant spring Sunday has. Last Sabbath saw 
countless new spring suits brought to the light of 
day, while talking pants make low outcries from 
every corner of the campus. 

The following are the provisional appointments 
at Bowdoin for the next Commencement : Messrs. 
J. P. Cilley, Jr., H. E. Cutts, J. K. Home, Jr., E. 
G. Loring, H. D. Smith, T. R. Croswell, A. S. Dyer, 
F. 0. Fish, H. Nelson, G. S. Wright. 

The first themes of the term for the Sophomores 
are due April 29tb. The subjects are as follows : 
1 — Was the Action of the Citizens of New Orleans 
Justifiable'? 2 — Should a College News Bureau be 
Established ? 3— Down the River in a Shell. 

The last assembly was held last Saturday even- 
ing. Next Friday the May German occurs, and 
Bowdoin will be without dances until Ivy, unless 
some kind-hearted gentleman has the courage to 
arrange an "Annie Rooney," or "McGinty,"or a 
" Down on the Farm " hop. 

The Seniors will have no fear of forgetting how 
to write. In Sociology each man must hand in a 
lengthy theme, while in Political Economy Profes- 
sor Wells has made the same exaction. President 
Hyde also wants a half- hour paper, and a list of 
about twenty subjects has been given out. 

The Boston Comedy Company had a large 
house at the Town Hall, Tuesday evening, the 
21st. It is one of the best productions seen here 
for some time. Some of the fellows seemed to be 
greatly interested in the company, and several 
attended the performances in Bath and Lisbon 
Falls. 

An inmate of South Maine has discovered a novel 
way of paying his debts. Last fall he invested in 
a large quantity of coal, which of course "Pa" 
paid for. The young gentleman's finances being 
in rather a precarious condition, he recently bor- 
rowed a small sum of money from his neighbor. 
Now the neighbor is out of coal and has consented 



this commodity. " Pa " will 
his sou a larger stove or else 



to take his pay in 
either have to buy 
limit bis coal bill. 

The Town Hall was packed Fast Day evening, 
when the newly organized "Law and Order League" 
held a mass meeting. President Hyde is president 
of the organization, and presided at the meeting. 
Professor Robinson was one of the speakers, devot- 
ing himself principally to speaking of the harm- 
ful ingredients which compose most beverages. 
Law and order certainly opened its career most 
auspiciously. 

Professor Booker with his vassals has been 
engaged for the past few weeks in beautifying the 
appearance of the campus. A number of the pines 
back of the observatory have fallen prey to the axe 
of the wily woodsman, while the underbrush has 
been well cleaned out. Even Longfellow himself 
would have to look twice before he would recognize 
those poetic pines of yore. 

A few evenings ago a venerable and awe- 
inspiring Senior, of South Appleton, was wearily 
grinding out his next day's lessons by the light of 
a rather sorrowful looking lamp. As the student 
read on, his ideas of Ethics and Political Economy 
grew dimmer and dimmer, until at last sweet sleep 
made him forget the awful dangers of the morrow. 
The poor, over-worked lamp, thus left to itself, 
began to enjoy the slight respite thus given. It 
first commenced to flicker and then to blaze higher 
and smoke. It breathed out its scented perfume 
into the air, sending with it a cloud of sparks. 
Little by little the tiny particles nestled themselves 
snugly on books, tables, and whatever presented a 
safe resting-place, until the whole room was 
shrouded iu this mourning garb. Finally the 
sleeper awoke, and cast his bewildered look over 
his domain. It was some time before he recovered 
his scattered wits sufficiently to understand his 
plight. The poor fellow has been reveling in the 
bath tub for the past week, and is beginning to 
feel quite like himself again. 



It is reported that the heir of John Jacob Astor's 
immense fortune, William Waldorf, has promised to 
give $1,000,000 to endow a negro university at 
Oklahoma. 

The President of the Indiana State Univer- 
sity, D. S. Jordan, has been given the presidency 
of Stanford University, at a salary of $10,000 a 
year. — University Magazine. 



10 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



fll{hle{iG%. 



BASE-BALL. 

Portland, 7; Bowdoin, 6. 

On Fast Day, April 16tb, our team made its first 
public appearance for the season in a game with the 
Portland team of the New England League, before 
an audience of nearly 3,000 people. 

In the first inning Bowdoin scored three runs on 
bases on balls, errors, and two base hits. The 
second and third innings netted one run each, when 
the run-getting for Bowdoin ceased, with the excep- 
tion of one in the eighth. 

The Portlands were unable to score until the 
fifth, when they secured one run, but added two to 
their score in the seventh on two bases on balls and 
Daly's two-base hit. The eighth inning also saw 
two Portland men cross the plate, neither run being 
earned. In the ninth, fielding errors gave Portland 
the tieing run, the score standing 6 to 6 at the end 
of the inning, making a tenth necessary. With one 
man out, O'Brien came to the bat and scored the 
winning run by daring base-running. 

For Bowdoin, Packard, Spring, and Newman 
batted the Portland pitchers freely, while Packard 
and Allen fielded finely. 

Daley led the Portlands at the bat and O'Brien 
gave such satisfaction in his general work that he 
was engaged for the season by the Portland man- 
agement. The score follows : 

PORTLAND. 

A.B. R. B.H. T.E. P.O. A. E. 

Willis, c.f i 2 1 1 3 1 1 

McLaughlin, s.s 3000221 

Daly, l.f., 5 2 3 1 

Keay, 2b., 5 1 1 2 2 3 

Phalen, lb., 5 1 1 1 9 

McGovern, r.f., 4 1 2 

O'Brien, 3b 4 2 1 21 6 

"Webster, c., ....... 1 

Shine, c 4 1 2 2 

McDermott, p., 

Collins, p., 4 1 1 8 2 5 

Totals, 89 7 7 9 30 15 10 

BOWDOIN. 

A.B. K. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Packard, 2b. 4 2 2 3 2 6 

Fish, c, 4 2 2 1 

Hutchinson, s.s 5111020 

Downes, p., 1 1 3 

Newman, l.f. 5 1 1 1 1 1 

Allen, r.f., 5 2 2 

Spring, 3b., 5 2 2 1 4 

Savage, lb 5 1 114 1 

Hilton, c.f., 5 1 1 1 2 

Plaisted, p 1 3 1 

Totals, 40 6 8 9 30 18 2 



Innings, ..123456789 10 
Portland, ...000010221 1-7 
Bowdoin, ...311000010 0—6 

Earned runs — Bowdoin, 1. Two-base hits — Daly, O'Brien, 
Packard. First base on balls — Portland, 6; Bowdoin, 4. 
Hit by pitched ball— O'Brien, Shine. First base on 
errors — Portland, 11; Bowdoin, 9. Struck out— McLaugh- 
lin (2), Keay (2), McGovern, Packard, Hutchinson, Allen, 
Spring, Hilton (2). Wild pitches— Plaisted. Passed 
balls— Fish, 3; Allen. Left on bases — Portland, 6; Bow- 
doin, 1. Time — 2 hours 20 minutes. Umpire — Brown of 
Deering. 

Portland, S; Bowdoin, 2. 

On April I8th the second game with the Port- 
laud team was played on the delta. Though not as 
closely contested as the first, it was well worth 
seeing, as both sides batted freely and few bad 
errors were made. 

In the first inning, after the Bowdoins had been 
easily retired, their opponents scored a run through 
an excusable mufi' of a fly ball by Newman, after a 
hard run. 

Careless base running lost Bowdoin's only oppor- 
tunity to score in the second, and the boys were also 
unsuccessful in the third, when the Portlands scored 
their second run. 

Id the fifth a single by Tukey, an error, a passed 
ball, and a sacrifice hit by Savage brought in a run. 
In their half the Portlands were unable to add to 
their score, though they hit the ball freely, Allen ' 
making a beautiful catch of a hard fly close to the 
canvas. 

With two men out in the sixth, Downes made a 
two-base hit to left field, but was unable to reach 
home. By a combination of hits and sacrifices, 
aided by an error, the Portlands crossed the plate 
four times. 

In the seventh, Tukey, after gaining first on an 
error, reached third on a wild pitch, and scored on 
Allen's hit. Free batting gave the Portlands another 
run, but a double play by Downes, Hilton, and 
Savage put an end to their scoring. 

In the remaining two innings neither side scored. 
Downes injured a finger in stopping a swift ball, and 
retired, Spring taking his place for the remainder of 
the game. 

The fine work of Downes was noticeable both at 
the bat and in the field, while Fish and Spring made 
several good catches of difiScult fouls. The score : 

PORTLAND. 

A.B. R. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Willis, p 2 1 2 8 1 

McLaughlin, s.s., 4000121 

Daly, l.f., 3 3 2 2 

Keay, 2b 4 2 2 3 5 4 

Phalen, lb 4111911 

McGovern, r.f., 4 2 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



11 



O'Brien, .3b., 4 2 1 1 

Webster, c 3 1115 10 

Collins, c.f., 301310 1 

Totals, 31 8 7 10 27 7 5 

BOWDOIN. 

A.B. R. B.H. T.E. P.O. A. E. 

Hilton, 2b., 5 5 2 1 

Fish, 4 1 1 3 1 

Hutchinson, s.s 4000242 

Downes, p., 4 3 4 6 

Newman, l.f., 3 2 

Tukey, c.f 4 2 1 1 1 

Allen, r.f., 3011100 

Spring, 3b., 4 2 1 

Savage, lb., 4 1 110 

Totals, 35 2 7 8 24 16 5 

Innings, ...123456789 
Portland, ....10100420 x— 8 
Bowdoin, ....00001010 0—2 

Earned runs — Portland, 3. Two-base hits — Keay, 
Downes. Three-base hit— Collins. Double plays— Hutch- 
inson and Savage; Downs, Hilton, and Savage. Passed 
ball— Webster. Wild pitch— Willis. Struck out— by 
Downes, 4; by Willis, 5. Time — 1 hour 45 minutes. Um- 
pire — Ward (Medical School). 

TENNIS. 

During the past two weeks all the courts about 
the campus have beeu put in condition. Most of 
them seem to be almost constantly in use. 

The erection of the Observatory necessitated the 
sacrifice of both the Theta Delta Chi courts, but 
two new ones have been built near the Observatory, 
which promise to be among thabest in college. 

Although Harvard and Yale are said to devote 
more attention to tennis than any other colleges, 
Bowdoin has nearly twice as many courts as either 
of these in proportion to the number of students. 




It has been customary to give Association mat- 
ters scant attention during the spring term, pre- 
sumably because of the feeling that the numerous 
out-of-door attractions preclude much religious 
interest. On the same grounds that led a rowing 
man to remark that he could do more studying in 
a shorter time, daring the rowing season than at 
any other, it seems that if our Christianity is 
of the right sort, we also should be able to niake 
our religious interests more intense, though for a 
shorter time in meetings, Bible classes, and the like; 
and in a different way, perhaps, at all times during 
this term than in either of the other two. An 
effort will be made to develop this kind of interest. 



in getting a good delegation for Northfleld, and in 
awakening some enthusiasm for our proposed city 
mission work; and also to turn some of it into pre- 
paring a hand-book for use next fall, that will stand 
well with similar productionsfrom other colleges, and 
in getting the men, who come into office the first of 
May, into good working condition, as regards the 
scope and theory of their duties. If this is faithfully 
done, the meetings will indicate the interest created 
by becoming themselves brighter and more earnest 
than the average spring-term meetings of the Asso- 
ciation in past years, and this periodical slowing 
up of the Association's pulse in a measure will be 
avoided. 

A deputation was arranged to go out during the 
vacation, but was prevented by the failure of 
Bucksport Seminary to answer the letters sent to 
it. The next deputation goes to the Maine Central 
Institute at Pittsfleld, Sunday, May 3d. 

It is very encouraging to the College Associa- 
tions of the State to learn that Mr. Shelton, the 
new State Secretary, is thoroughly interested in 
college work, that the State Committee has 
appointed a sub-committee to take charge of it, 
and that the colleges now bid fair to be even more 
closely linked in association work than they are 
in athletics. In a short time an energetic man can 
get the half-dozen such associations in the State 
into habits of close, continuous, and helpful 
intercommunication. In this connection it should 
be stated that we hope to get a visit from Bates, 
and one from Colby, during the term, both to fur- 
nish interesting material for the visitors who 
attend, and to plan together concerning next 
term's "campaign." 

The visit to Bath, which was arranged for April 
I7th, had to be postponed. As it is proposed to 
send ten good men down to help the Association in 
that place, the visit will probably be one of profit 
to both parties and should not be given up. The 
meetings at the "Landing," which the Neighbor- 
hood Work Committee has conducted have been 
very successful. It is suggested that we hold them 
hereafter at the poor-house, as one of the village 
churches has begun weekly meetings at the former 

place. 

Our delegate to the Deputation Conference at 

Springfield, April 3d-6th, has returned with a lot 

of good ideas on association work, which are the 

product of the experience of the International College 

Secretaries brought down to date; and at the first 

meeting for the term of the executive and other 

committees, he showed very clearly how much we 



12 



BOWDOm ORIENT. 



have to learn from other associations, and from the 
secretaries who are continually studying college- 
association work, about the best methods, best 
plans, and true scope of a college Y. M. C. A. 

If every one of the committee-men will get the 
enthusiasm of that conference by proxy from 
Machan, the Bowdoin Association will soon take 
its rightfully place in college, and among college 
associations in general. 




'40.— Bowdoin claims 
the honor of having grad- 
uated the oldest settled Congrega- 
tional minister in New Hampshire, 

Rev. Dr. Edward Robie of Grreenfleld, N. 

H., who has held bis present pastorate 
since 18.')2— a period of thirty-juine years. Dr. Robie 
was bom in Gorham, Me., in April, 1821. He grad- 
uated from Andover Theological Seminary in 1843 
and studied the three following years in Germany. 
On his return from abroad he was elected teacher 
of Ancient and Modern Languages in the seminary 
in his native town, and from 1848 to 1851 was assis- 
tant teacher of Hebrew in the Andover Theological 
Seminary. In 1876 the title of D.D. was conferred 
upon him by Dartmouth College. Articles from his 
pen have frequently appeared in the BibKotheca 
Sacra. A brother in the ministry says of him : 
" His character is of the most gentle and lovely 
type, a St. John among the brethren, by whom he 
is universally reverenced and beloved. He is au- 
thority in all matters of sacred learning, and yet 
never assumes the place of teacher among us in 
our associational meetings. Settled in a quiet agri- 
cultural village for nearly a quarter of a century, 
he has done what few ministers under like circum- 
stances could have done, kept up his studies of the 
original scriptures as well as of the German and 
French languages; and while the most modest of 
men, has constantly exerted an elevating, scholarly 
influence all through his association, making us all 
love learning the more that it is conjoined with so 
much sweetness and spirituality of character." 

'41.— Rev. George F. Magoun, D.D., has re- 
cently resigned his position as professor in Iowa 



College to devote his time to literature. Dr. Ma- 
goun, after graduation at Bowdoin, took a course in 
Theology at Andover and at Yale Divinity School, 
and served for a short time as resident licentiate at 
Andover. He began his services in the ministry 
at Shullsburg, Wis., and has preached since 1848, 
three years at Galena, 111., five years in Davenport, 
Iowa, and four years in Lyons, Iowa. In 186.5 he 
entered upon his duties as president of Iowa Col- 
lege and Professor of Moral and Mental Science. In 
1867 Amherst College conferred upon him the 
degree of D.D. During bis active life, both in the 
pulpit and professor's chair, he has published 
numerous articles, sermons, addresses, and lectures 
in prominent reviews and periodicals, both in our 
own country and in London. He has always been 
a very active man in both religious and literary 
movements, and we may, now that he has decided 
to devote his time to literature, expect to be highly 
entertained and benefited by the productions of 
his pen. 

'47. — Col. Charles B. Merrill died at his resi- 
dence in Portland, Sunday morning, April 5th. He 
was born in Portland in April, 1827. After gradu- 
ation he studied law for a short time in Portland in 
the office of Messrs. Howard & Shepley (Mr. Shep- 
ley was in Bowdoin in the class of '37), and gradu- 
ated from the Dane Law School, Harvard, in 1849. 
He then opened an office in Portland, where he 
practiced his profession till 1862, at which time he 
entered the army and was soon commissioned lieu- 
tenant-colonel of the 17th Maine Regiment. In the 
service of his country he had a highly honorable 
record. He was always at his post, among the 
foremost in the charge, and was complimented for 
"valuable services" at Chancellorsville. He was 
in the campaign of the Army of the Potomac under 
General Grant. After the war he again practiced 
law in Portland until he lost his library by fire. He 
then engaged in manufacturing, being one of the 
corporators of the Westbrook Britannia Company, 
with which corporation he was connected until he 
retired from business about ten years ago. Mr. 
Merrill has held many responsible positions in 
Portland, and has been president of the board of 
managers of the Soldier's Orphan Asylum in Bath, 
and commander of the military order, the Loyal 
Legion. In 1856 he married Abba Isabella Little, 
the daughter of Hon. Josiah S. Little, who led his 
class in 1825. 

'63. — Rev. Addison Blanchard is pastor of the 
Second Congregational Church in Denver, Col. His 
church numbers three hundred members. Mr. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



13 



Blancbard, after graduation, for a few months 
taught Greek and Latin in the Oneida Seminary, 
New York. He took a course of theology at 
Oberlln, Ohio, and at Audover, Mass., graduating 
from the latter place in 1868. He has been pastor 
in Congregational churches at South Bridgton, 
Westbrook, and St. John, New Brunswick, and 
at his present residence. From 1877 to 1880 he 
was general missionary for the State, a special 
service under the Maine Missionary Society. He 
served two years in the war as a private in a New 
York regiment, and afterwards as second lieutenant 
of the twenty-first United States colored troops. 

'63. — R. H. Gilmore is a prominent lawyer in 
Denver, Col. Mr. Gilmore is a highly respected 
citizen of that city, and is very active in religious 
ch'cles. 

'66.— Rev. George W. Kelley has been called to 
the pastorate of the First Congregational Church 
of Cape Elizabeth. 

'69. — Dr. Albert Woodside, who has practiced 
his profession at Tenant's Harbor for seventeen 
years, is about to remove to Rockland. 

'74.— Mr. Frank K. Wheeler died of peritonitis, 
at his home in Kennebunkport, April 14th, after a 
week's illness. Mr. Wheeler was a native of Ken- 
nebunkport, being born there November 23, 1854. 
He taught for a few years after graduation in Wells 
and Kennebunkport. He has been quite promi- 
nent in journalism, having been editor of the 
Boston Post, Merrimack Falls Journal, at Frank- 
lin Falls, N. H., and the Baity Leader, at Bloom- 
ington. 111. On the latter he served till his health 
failed him in 1883, when he returned to his home 
in Kennebunkport, where he served as postmaster 
under President Cleveland. During his life he 
occupied many responsible offlces of public trust. 
He was a man whom everybody liked, and his 
death will be mourned for a long time. 

'85. — Howard L. Lunt is principal of a large 
public school at Tacoma, Washington. 

'88.— J. H. Maxwell has just commenced his 
duties as principal of the Berwick High School. 



Two of Bowdoin's aforetime professors have 
become editors: D. C. Heath & Co. are soon to 
publish an " Introduction to Modern French Lyrics," 
edited by Professor B. L. Bo wen, and Victor Hugo's 
"Hernani," edited by John E. Matzke. We shall 
watch for this work with interest, as it probably is 
the fruit of the study of the play with his class when 
he was at Bowdoin. 




L'ENVOI. 

" Go, pretty Kose, and to her tell 
All I would say, could I but see 
The slender form I know so well, 

The roguish eyes that laughed at me. 

" And when your fragrance fills the room, 
Tell her of all I hope and fear. 
With every breath of sweet perfume, 
Whisper my greetings in her ear. 

" But, Roses, stay, there is one tiling 

You must not mention. Don't forget! 
(For it might be embarrassing) 

And that is— you're not paid for yet ! " 

— Tale Record. 

Yale will establish an annex as soon as funds are 
provided.— iS.r. 

The classes at Cornell have adopted the mortar- 
board hat, with a distinctive button for each class. 

Ten per cent, of Cornell's graduates last year 
were ladies, and they carried off sixty per cent, of 
the honors. 

Japan has a base-ball nine composed of Yale, 
Harvard, Princeton, Columbia, and University of 
Virginia men. 

The Northwestern University tug-of-war team 
comes back from its Eastern trip as champion of the 
United States. 

One of the students at the Kansas State Univer- 
sity is a barber, and is making his way through 
school by working at his trade on Saturdays. 

It is reported that the young ladies of the uni- 
versity propose to organize a base-ball nine this 
season. We wish them success.— TF^/scowsm Aegis. 

Foot-ball has been forbidden at the Carlisle 
Indian School, as being a "fiendish sport and a relic 
of barbarism." 

Professor W. R. Harper of Yale, president-elect 
of Chicago University, hopes to open that Uni- 
versity October 1, 1892, with $10,000,000 in cash 
in hand, to be followed very soon by another 
$10,000,000. 



14 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Resolutions signed by 1,360 members of the 
University of Cambridge protest against any move- 
ment toward the admission of women to member- 
ship and degrees in the University. 

Hamilton has formed a Press Club, composed of 
the correspondents for the different papers. Moral : 
" Bowdoiu, go thou and do likewise," and boom old 
Bowdoin every time, every opportunity. Who starts 
her? 

The following item has been making the roimds 
of the college press : " The average girl at Welles- 
ley is five feet two inches high and weighs just one 
hundred and nineteen pounds." Who now will say 
that the higher education for women is not a failure. 
Five feet two inches ! What of the nest gen- 
eration * 

SONNET FOUND CUT ON A POST OF THE CAMPUS 
FENCE. 

No pomp of painted glass, O Mother Dear, 
Frets the clear sunlight on thy simple walls, 
No gray-beard legends creep about thy halls. 
Time sets but lightly his sign-manual here. 
Few sons of thine are lauded far and near, 
Dear Alma Mater ! pale the aureole falls 
About thy head ; Fame's thrilling bugle-calls 
Come to thee faint as from another sphere. 
Yet honor fails thee not, the falling snow 
Builds shrines and columns of its marble white, 
The summer wind yields thee its frankincense. 
Thy cloisters green the birds' sweet praises know, 
And 1, thy humble child, unskilled to write, 
Cut my rude verse in thy decrepit fence. 

— The Inlander. 

It is an interesting fact that of the 345 colleges 
and universities reporting to the National Bureau 
of Education at Washington, 204 are co-educational. 
The same thing may be said of 38 out of 48 schools 
of science endowed by national land grant. Women 
at present constitute 55 per cent, of the undergrad- 
uates in this country. 

Here's to the success of our poets ! One feels 
pride in seeing so much of Bowdoin's verse copied 
by other college papers. In this respect she stands 
second to none, except, of course. Brown, with her 
famous verse. Honor to the college, to the paper, 
and to one's self is the result of this interest in 
poetry here at Bowdoin. 

In looking over such exchanges as the Yale 
Courant, the Amherst Lit., and the Williams 
Monthly, one is struck by the large number of 
bright, witty, and pleasing stories ; not deep in plot 
nor rich iu description, yet they exactly fill the need 
of a college paper. Society, social customs and 



relations, and incidents of a college man's experi- 
ence are the themes. Such skits are just what \i 
needed to brighten the Okient and give a pleasing 
diversion. 

Mr. Stagg is reported to have accepted an offei 
from President Harper, of Chicago University, tc 
become director of the physical department of the 
new university. 

The Seniors of Lafayette use Drummond's " Nat- 
ural Law in the Spiritual World" as a text-book 
this term. 

The Hamptonia is a remarkably well-editedl 
paper for an academy, but we notice in it that same 1 
fault, the bane of college journalism, heavy literary 
articles. There is an interesting article entitled 
"A Landscape," by E. A. Pugsley, '84, in which we 
recognize the hand of our editor-in-chief, whom we 
find ever loyal to his old fitting-school. 

MERELY AN EXCHANGE. 

She has lost her good name, 

Far better, 'tis said, 

The victim were dead, 
Yet to me she's the same; 
Her I never shall blame 
For the loss of good name — 

She took mine instead. 

— Cornell Era. 

The Inlander, Ann Arbor's new literary monthly, 
looks bashful yet winsome in its simple dress of 
black and white. We shall look for its monthly 
visits with expectancy, sure of the pleasure it will 
bring. One thing, however, is noticeable, whereas 
a large proportion of its contributions are from the 
lady students, yet they are unrepresented on the 
editorial board. Social equality is a fact there as 
regards education ; why not as regards journalism ? 

It is with hesitation that the Literary Editor 
begins his task, withal a pleasant one. The object 
of this department is twofold. First: It furnishes 
the students with an account of the literature, 
athletics, and general news of the college world. 
Secondly: It is a critic of other college journalism, 
criticising the faults and praising the excellences. 
This twofold object will be our purpose, and to 
make the whole more pleasing and readable we 
shall intersperse any poetry, unique or bright, that 
may come to hand. We realize that through this 
column, to a great degree, the college student must 
keep iu touch with the rest of the college life of 
America ; and we shall try to the best of our ability 
that it be a reflection of the sentiment and pro- 
gressiveness of American institutions. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Vol. XXI. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, MAY 13, 1891. 



No. 2. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 

PUBLISHED EVEKT ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY DURING 
THE COLLEGIATE TEAR BY THE STUDENTS OF 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE. 

EDITORIAL BOARD, 

E. A. PuGSLEY, '92, Managing Editor. 

J. C. Hull, '92, Assistant Managing Editor. 

H. C. Faeyan, '9.3, Business Manager. 

F. V. GuMMER, '92. M. S. Clifford, '93. 

J. B. F. HoDGDON, '92. C. W. Peaeody, '93. 

H. W. Kimball, '92. H. E. Andrews, '9i. 

F. W. PiCKARD, '91. 

Per annum, in advance $2.00. 

Single Copies, 15 Cents. 

Extra copies can be obtiiineil at the Ijookstorcs or on ayplica- 
tioii to the Business Editor. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, anil Alumni arc invited to contribute 
literary articles, irersonals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Khyme and IJeason Department should be 
sent to Box 951, Brunswick, Me. 



Entered at the Post-Oflice at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 

CONTENTS. 

Vol. XXI., No. 2.— May 13, 1891. 

Editorial Notes, 15 

Miscellaneous: 

To the Alumni. Frederic Henry Gerrish. ... 17 

Field Day 19 

Rhyme and Reason: 

Somebody, 20 

A Beau-Not 20 

Usage versus Rhyme 20 

My Star 21 

CoLLEGii Tabula, 21 

Athletics, 23 

Y. M. C. A., 25 

Personal, 26 

In Memoriam, 28 

College World, 29 




There has been some talk of changing 
the location of the chapel organ, and it 
really seems that steps should be taken which 
will enable those of the professors and 
students who take part in the singing to keep 
in better time with the choir. As the organ 
and choir are now situated there is not that . 
blending of voices which makes good singing, 
and naturally there cannot be, for the element 
of time seems to be the source of the eon- 
fusion. By reason of the structure of the 
chapel much of the difficulty in securing 
unity of sound is unavoidable, still, by 
placing the organ on the floor of the build- 
ing some of it possibly might be overcome. 
If au}' change is to be made, would it not be 
best to place the organ and choir directly 
back of the speaker's desk? Such a change 
could be made with very little cost and 
without marring in the least the beauty of 
the chapel. Indeed, by having the organ 
the central object in sight as one stands in 
the doorway, tlie view from that point would 
be still finer than it now is. That part of 
the platform on which the desk now stands 
might be extended to the front as far as the 
lower step, leaving steps on each side, thus 
giving more room if any is required ; and the 
space for the organ and choir might be railed 
in, thereby adding to the pleasing effect of 



16 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



the change. The gallery where the organ is 
now placed could, if this change were made, 
be fitted with seats for use on public days 
and at times when many visitors are present. 
When all these things are taken into consid- 
eration, it can hardly be said that such an 
arrangement would not be of real advantage. 
Has any one an opinion to express concerning 
the matter ? 



TSN'T it about time that a second nine was 
-*■ organized, if our ball team is to have the 
necessary daily practice? It seems to us 
that this is a thing which ought to have 
been done some time ago. Now with the 
league season already opened, our men must 
go to work in earnest if they are to capture 
that pennant. Not many athletic victories 
are gained vvitliout a good deal of hard work. 
We may be wrong, but we do not consider 
the practice which the nine now receive 
of much value in teaching them how to play 
ball. Each man of the infield knows just 
when the ball is coming to him, and all he 
has to do is to pick it up and throw it to the 
first baseman. This may look pretty well to 
the observer, but it has not much practical 
value in the way of ball playing. It is, to 
be sure, the only kind of practice Bowdoin 
nines have had for some years, and we think 
we are safe in maintaining that its impracti- 
cability has been demonstrated time and time 
again. Other colleges have two nines in 
active training throughout the whole season, 
and if these teams are chosen at an early 
date there is no reason why they should not 
be quite evenly matched. With a second 
nine in existence a regular game could be 
played every daj'- ; and the only way to learn 
to play ball is by playing the game. Then 
again, there would be just twice as many 
men from whom to choose a team to repie- 
sent the college in a contest on the diamond. 
As it is now, we have only ten or eleven of 
our ball players in training. What if two or 



three of these men, from some cause or other, 
should be unable to play at a time when a 
good deal depended upon the result of one 
game ? And another thing ! Why is it that 
the boys can't get out on the field at half 
past three just as well as at half past 
four? Then there would be ample time for 
plajing a regular nine-inning game. 

In these few remarks we hope that we 
have not said anything that might tend to 
discourage the nine ; that was not our 
purpose. We believe that we have this 
season a stronger team than Bowdoin has 
had for many years ; and it is for this reason 
that we think the men should be given as 
good a training as possible. 1 

Before this number of the Orient 
appears, the first of the league games will 
have been played ; and whether we win or 
lose, the fact remains the same, that a second 
nine should be immediately organized. 



w 



E WANT to remark right here that 
communications from every man in col- 
lege, whatever his rank, class, color, or pre- 
vious condition of servitude, are expected and 
desired. It will be necessary, of course, to 
decide what of these are good Orient arti- 
cles and suitable for publication, and what 
are not; but in so doing we shall endeavor 
to be liberal. 

The best selection may not always be 
made, and many articles may appear which 
will not come up to the college ideal of what 
should be, while some others whose writers 
may deem them exceedingly worthy may not 
appear at all. In such an event as the last 
mentioned, remember that the present men 
of the Orient have had the same experience 
and have survived, also that they are full of 
sympathy for those disappointed. 

Articles on such subjects as " The Evolu- 
tion of the Conscience," or " Unutterabilitj^ 
of the Wonderful," or the " Divinity of the 
Divine " will not be expected. Such articles 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



17 



are all riglit in their places, but there is not 
room for them in the Orient. They would, 
without doubt, make fine reading for the 
leisure hours of the future life, and should 
be mailed for the Elysian fields direct rather 
than by way of the Orient office. 

Get together an article concerning some 
practical matter of our common life and in- 
terest, or hand in a well written article in 
the line of fiction. Such contributions will 
be gladly received and will be very likely to 
see the light in the columns of the Orient. 



TITHE "Swiper" has developed into an ani- 
^ mal that has no longer a right of existence 
among us. When one cannot leave his book 
or his clothing long enough to go out to the 
ball field for a few minutes without having it 
gathered in by some one of the above class of 
individuals it is time to raise a protest and to 
have one or two of the offenders "fired." 
A man when he comes in from playing in any 
of the sports does not like to find his books 
or shoes missing, if he has failed to lock them 
up, and he is not going to much longer either. 



WE HASTEN to crave pardon, if pardon 
there can be, for two gross errors in the 
last issue. In the list of editors the name 
F. V. Plummer should have read F. V. 
Gummer, and the Latin in the article by Mr. 
McLellan should have read per auctoritate 
mihi commissa. 



WE FEEL that we ought to say a word 
or two concerning the excellent work 
of our boat crew. Here is a department of 
athletics in which the men train faithfully 
and systematically. To go down to the river 
and row six or seven miles every day cannot 
be considered other than hard work ; and yet 
this is what our boating men have been 
doing since the beginning of this term. 
Training of this sort is the kind which tells 



in an athletic contest. And now with the 
crew performing its duty so efficiently, there 
is only one thing left for the students to do. 
Go down to the river occasionally and see 
for yourselves what the eight is doing ; your 
presence there will give the boys encourage- 
ment, and will show that you are interested 
in their work. 



WE HAVE an article from F. H. Gerrish, 
M.D., of Portland, in this issue, which 
will be of interest to every son of Bowdoin. 



i§©eIIarpeoa§. 



To the Alumni. 

[A communication from the President of the General Asso- 
ciation of the Alumni.] 

1. It is due the alumni that they should 
be informed of the reasons which have actuated 
their officers in not complying this year with 
the rules relating to the nomination of Over- 
seers. Last year 374 votes were received. 
Of these Oliver C. Stevens, '76, of Boston, 
had 118; Enoch Foster, '64, Bethel, 117; 
Henry Ingalls, '41, Wiscasset, 90 ; and James 
P. Baxter, honorary graduate, Portland, '49. 
Accordingly Mr. Stevens's name was pre- 
sented to the Board of Overseers. As there 
was but one place to be filled, and the rule 
adopted long ago by the Overseers conceded 
to the alumni the nomination annually to 
one-half only of the vacancies, the Board 
claimed that the alumni had no rights in the 
premises, holding it as naught that, when on 
previous occasions an odd number of vacan- 
cies had existed, the advantage of the un- 
equal division had never been given to the 
alumni. The Overseers, however, did have 
the grace to allow the name of Mr. Stevens 
to be placed upon the list of candidates, thus 
putting it upon a footing with the two nomina- 
tions already made by members of the Board. 

In support of Mr. Stevens it was stated 



18 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



that he was an enthusiastic friend of the col- 
lege, had already displayed his devotion in 
a substantial manner, would make an active 
and valuable member of the Board, and had 
received a plurality in the largest vote ever 
cast on such au occasion by the alumni. All 
of these qualifications were admitted ; but it 
was alleged that the supply of Congrega- 
tional ministers on the Board was running 
short, and that, consequently, the opportunity 
to increase the number must be embraced. 
Therefore, the candidate of the alumni was 
defeated, though several ballots were re- 
quired to accomplish the result. 

In these circumstances it seemed clear that 
it was inexpedient to subject the association 
this year to the expense and its members to 
the trouble of another vote, and also manifestly 
unfair to the gentlemen who received the 
suffrages of the alumni in 1890. The officers 
of the association will present the name of 
Mr. Stevens this year, and, should there be 
as many as three vacancies in the Board, 
the name of Judge Foster, also. If there is 
only one vacancy, the right to a direct nom- 
ination to it will be claimed. 

2. As it has been determined by the 
Board of Overseers that a change in the 
charter of the college cannot be effected, and 
that, consequently, the alumni cannot obtain 
a legal right to elect Overseers, I propose 
that, at the meeting of the association on 
Commencement day, the Overseers be peti- 
tioned to enlarge the concession previously 
granted, and invite the alumni to name can- 
didates for all vacancies hereafter occurring. 
This course woidd give the alumni what has 
been sought so long — the choice of the Over- 
seers. The method pursued by the alumni 
in making nominations is careful, and as 
likely to secure good results as that in use 
by the Overseers themselves. The adoption 
of this plan would arouse a livelier interest 
in the college among loyal graduates, and 
tend to placate those who are in any degree 



disaffected. I earnestly hope that the alumni 
will take pains immediately to express their 
views on this important proposition. The 
Orient is the most suitable, as well as a 
very willing channel of communication. 

3. At the coming Commencement the 
triennial election of officers of the association 
will be held. I respectfully decline to be 
considered a candidate for the position with 
which I have been twice honored by the 
entirely unsolicited suffrages of my friends, 
whose kindness I very fully appreciate. It 
seems to me desirable that open nominations 
for the office should be made in the next 
number of the Oeient. During my last 
term it has been suggested repeatedly that 
the chief officer of the alumni should preside 
at Commencement dinner, as is the custom 
in some prominent colleges. Feeling my 
incapacity for such a task, I have made suc- 
cessful endeavors to prevent the formal 
introduction of this proposition at our meet- 
ings. But there is certainly something to be 
said in favor of the plan ; and it would be 
well for the alumni, in making nominations 
for the presidency, to bear in mind the possi- 
bility of its adoption in the near future. 

Frederic Henry Gerrish. 
Portland, May 9, 1891. 



Psi Upsilon Convention. 
TITHE fifty-eighth annual convention of the 
'*' Psi Upsilon Fraternity was held with the 
Gamma Chapter at Amherst, May 7th and 
8th. The Kappa sent E. N. Goding and C. 
S. F. Lincoln, '91; E. B. Young, '92; C. 
W. Peabody, '93; H. E. Andrews and W. 
M. Ingraham, '94. The following is the 
general programme : 

Wednesday, May 6th, evening. — Informal 
reception to the delegates and alumni of 
the Fraternity at the Chapter House. 

Thursday, May 7th, 10 A.M. — Private 
business meeting in the court-room of the 



BOWDOIN ORIENT, 



19 



Town Hall; 1 p.m., private business meeting; 
3 P.M., public literary exercises in the Town 
Hall ; 5.45 p.m., special train from North- 
ampton ; 6 P.M., reception and dance at the 
college gymnasium; 10.30 P.M., special train 
to Northampton. 

Friday, May 8th, 10 A M. — Private busi- 
ness meeting ; 8.30 p.m., base-ball game, 
Stagg's team vs. Amherst ; 5.85 p.m., sjiecial 
train to Springfield ; 8 P.M , banquet of the 
Fraternity at Hotel Glendower, Springfield. 

H. L. Bridgeman, Gamma, '66, presided 
at the business meetings. The vice-presi- 
dents of the convention were: Benj. H. 
Bayliss, Delta, '65, for the council; H. R. 
Field, Gamma, '80, for the alumni; T. H. 
Robertson, Theta; A. H. Brown, Delta; J. 
L. Bunce, Beta; R. W. Taft, Sigma; F. H. 
Hitchcock. Gamma ; R. B. Watson, Lambda; 
F. E. Barnard, Zeta ; E. N. Goding, Kappa ; 
J. G. Ciarif, Xi ; L. S. Bayliss, Xi ; C. S. 
Fox, Upsiion; W. H. Ives, Pi; H. J. Hatch, 
Phi ; R. S. Saltus, Beta Beta: 0. M. Leoser, 
Gamma; G. G. Ross, Tau ; R. S. Smitli, Jr., 
Gamma ; C. McK. Leoser, Jr., Eta ; F. S. 
Pundy, Pi. 

The new Tau Chapter of tlie University 
of Pennsylvania was represented at the con- 
vention for the fii'st time. The feature of 
tiie literary exercises, Thursday afternoon, 
was an able and eloquent oiation on " Evo- 
lution and Revolution," by President Andrew 
D. White of Cornell University, Beta, '53. 
M. F. Dickinson, Esq., of Boston, Gamma, '62, 
presided. 

The banquet at Grave's Hall, Springfield, 
under the management of Hotel Glendower, 
was one of the largest in tiie history of the 
Fraternity. Over one iiundred and fifty 
were present. Hon. Geo. B. Loring, Gamma, 
ex-Minister to Portugal, presided, and Hon. 
Robert L. Belknap, Lambda, '69, was tiie 
toast-master of the evening. Among the 
speakers were Lieut.-Gov. W. H. Haile, Zeta, 
'56 ; Speaker W. E. Barrett, Zeta, '80 ; Rev. 



R. C. Smith, Gamma, '82; President G. E. 
Reed, of Dickinson College, Xi, '69; M. F. Dick- 
inson, Jr., Gamma, '62 ; ex-Mayor Maynard of 
Springfield, Zeta, '67 : R. H. Bayliss, Psi, '65 ; 
H. L. Bridgeman, Gamma, '66, and others. 
Telegrams of congratulation were exchanged 
with the Alpha Delta Phi Convention in 
session in Baltimore ; also received from the 
Psi Upsiion alumni clubs at Chicago and 
Honolulu. 

The next convention is to be held with 
the Lambda Chapter, Columbia College. 



Field Day. 

IT IS evident in some of the athletics here 
at Bowdoin that, even if the men who 
engage in them recognize the necessity of 
training, they do not live up to the principle 
involved in the fact that the contest is won 
or lost before the field is reached. If a man 
of ordinary backbone has had sufficient 
tiaining he is pretty sure to win. This is 
decidedly true in base-ball and foot-ball, but 
not more true there than in field-day events. 
Besides the advantages to the man himself in 
training, if two or more well-prepared men 
enter an event, that event will be full of 
interest, an element in the make-up of our 
field sports, which has of late been sadly 
lacking. 

For the past few years there has been a 
small number of men who have done com- 
paratively faitiiful work at training. But 
they have been so few that they could not 
change the whole character of the day. The 
directors are powerless to do it. Just as 
prosperity in a college cannot come from 
trustees alone, or from students alone, 
but fi-om their united interests, so it is with 
regard to our field day. If a united effort 
was put forth it could be made one of the 
pleasanlest occasions of the college year. 
The way this must be done, and the only way 
it can be done, is for each man who has the 



20 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



ability to jump out of his inertia or run away 
from his indiiference to train that talent and 
go into the event for which he is best fitted, 
determined to do the best he can. 

It has usually been the custom for most 
of the college men to go and watch the 
contestants with disgust, and return to berate 
everybody but themselves for such a poor 
field day. They were expecting entertain- 
ment. But with the students themselves as 
spectators, whence were to come the enter- 
tainers? The old maxim will apply here 
exceedingly well: "If you want a thing done 
well do it yourself," or, at least, help. Can 
we imagine those representatives of ancient 
culture returning from the Olympian plain, 
regretting twenty-five cents which they had 
spent to see the games? Surely not. Prob- 
ably their only regret was that they could 
not take an active part in what tliey so 
willingly supported in every way they could. 
But some will say, we are already sup- 
porting too many lines of athletics, and why 
spread ourselves out any more. They do not 
stop to think that, in supporting these sports, 
we are not spreading ourselves out more. It 
is just the traiuing most needed by many of 
our base-ball and foot-ball men, and every 
hour put upon training for sprinting or jump- 
ing by them will show itself in their in- 
creased efficiency in base running or on the 
foot-ball field. Any man who trains faith- 
fully for field day will get out of it more 
than he puts in, but no man should go into 
it who has not trained for the event in which 
he enters. 

Let us wake up to the fact that we have 
some deplorable records and that they can be 
made better just as well as not. The directors 
have decided to refrain from the promiscuous 
distribution of medals which has hitherto 
been the custom, and while the first and 
second in each event are to receive some 
fitting souvenir of their victory, to give good 
medals or cups to those breaking Bowdoin 
records. 



— ♦ — 
Somebody. 

Is she pretty ? That is something 
That I thought of course you knew. 

But you ask me what 's the color 
Of her eyes— dark brown or blue "? 

Drops her hair in golden ringlets, 
Is it auburn, browu, or black? 

Only one thing will I answer, 

Beauty's charm she doth not lack. 

But mere beauty matters little. 

If it act not well its part. 
And from every 'smiling feature 

Faithfully reflect the heart. 

My ideal in dreams unfolded 

Would be one with heart and mind, 

Beauty, too, perhaps included. 
All in harmony combined. 

Then you think perhaps she's wanting 1 

Think she fails of my ideal ? 
Nay, the vision, still before me. 

Takes a body, living, real. 

She is still my only model, 

Wheresoe'er my thoughts may range. 
Should she change, you ask, what happens? 

Why, then my ideal would change. 



A Beau-Not. 

Robin Hood made a bow of yew; 
Swift and straight the arrows flew 

To the mark. 
Cupid made a beau of you. 
Just to mash a girl or two 

In the park. 

Love knows, as well as Robin, how 
To bend his bow with this beau's bow 

(Excuse the pun). 
And shoot with steady aim and sure, 
And notch the shaft that's shot before. 

I've seen it done. 

Usage versus Rhyme. 

A youth arrays him in his best; 
He longs his sweetheart to entrance ; 
He sheaths himself in fancy waistcoat, 
And stylish looks in his new trousers. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



21 



The maiden turns her thoughts no less 
To garb; nor does she think it shocking 
To slightly elevate her gown (or frock), 
And thus display her new silk hosen. 



My Star. 

Brightly it glows in the blue sky above me, 
Reaching out ever to touch and to love me, 

Enshi'iniug my life in the light of its beam. 
Star of my spirit ! ennoble me ever ! 
Stir me to duty, and to life's endeavor ! 

Enfold me around in thy fair shining gleam ! 

Mystic thy radiance! weird thy wild motion. 
As twinkling in heaven, reflected in ocean, 

Thou shinest forever the star of my life. 
Thou wilt watch over to guard and protect mo. 
Thou wilt watch over to guide and direct me, 

Through dangers, and perils, 'mid tumult 
and strife. 

Shine on, oh star ! thy vigil keeping 

O'er my life's fate and destiny. 
Shine on ! thy mystic influence breathing 

Now and forever over me. 
Shine on, oh star! nor end thy watching 

Till life on eai'th shall cease to be. 




F. 

visit. 



Dr. E. E. Holt, of Port- 
land, delivered a very in- 
teresting lecture on "The Eye," April 
28th, in Lower Memorial. 

McArthur, '93, has been confined to 
his room with illness. 
Allen, '90, has been making the college a 



Mitchell, '90, recently made a visit to the college. 

Payson, '93, is at his home in Portland, fast in 
the clutches of that troublesome malady, measles. 

Gurney, '92, is marshaling his troops together in 
Memorial, practicing for the march on Ivy Day. 

Wilder, '93, and Ross, '94, have succumbed to 
the measles. 



The Seniors and Juniors begin Lucian in Greek, 
next week. 

Rev. J. E. Adams, '53, of Bangor, was a visitor 
at the college recently. 

T. S. Burr, '91, has been at his home in Bangor, 
for the past week. 

Bliss, '94, has been acting as organist during 
Gummer's absence. 

Merrill, '94, was taken in by the Theta Delta 
Chi Society at a special initiation last Friday. 

The Reading- Room Association will hold a meet- 
ing the twenty-third of this month, when new 
oflScers will be elected. 

W. M. Hilton, '91, and Whitney, '93, were par- 
ticipants in an athletic exhibition given by Professor 
F. H. Dodge in Bangor last Wednesday. 

The delegates from Bowdoin to the Psi Upsilou 
Convention at Springfield were : Lincoln and God- 
ing, '91; Young, '92; Peabody,'93; and Andrews, '94. 

The Alpha Delta Phi fraternity is holding its 
convention at Baltimore, Md., and Chapman, '91, 
and Gummer, '92, have gone from Bowdoin to 
attend it. 

Two '94 men, Nichols and Haskell, will succeed 
Hardy and Jarvis at the College Bookstore, occu- 
pying the room in North Maine now used for that 
purpose. 

There is quite a general request that Mr. 
Booker should saw his wood shorter. A number of 
its users find some difficulty in using it in their 
stoves now. Sawed another time and it will do. 

Evidently the class of '94 does not like to attend 
divine wonship on the hill as well as they ought. 
Last Sunday but nine men were to be seen in the 
Freshman seats in church. 

The next Sophomore themes are due May 15th, 
and the following are the subjects: " What Qualities 
Should a Good Political Speech have?"; "An Hour 
on a Tennis Court " ; " ' The Spy ' of James Fenni- 
more Cooper." 

The Seniors are undergoing the annual struggle 
with the camera. Matzke seems to be a prime 
favorite, as almost every man has put in an order 
for his picture. Perhaps distance lends enchant- 
ment to the view. 

Once more the saddening strains of " Auld Lang 
Syne" creep forth daily from the chapel, where the 
Seniors are preparing for their last chapel. The 
happy day cannot come too soon for some of the 
less devout. 



22 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



President Hyde gave his annual reception to the 
Seniors, April 30th. During the evening refresh- 
ments were served and a few college songs were 
indulged in. It was a most enjoyable occasion and 
will be long remembered by those present. 

It is understood that Bowdoin is to part with 
another of its Professors, Ernest l^Iondell Pease, 
who has received a call from Lelaud Stanford Uni- 
versity of California. Mr. Pease has occupied the 
chair of Wiukley Professor of Latin here since 1886. 

May, '93, now claims that he is not the choir 
monitor, but has only been playing a joke on the 
gullible singers. A '94 man, who gave the " bluff" 
monitor a quarter to mark him present for three 
weeks, has been "setting up" his friends for the 
past week. 

Bowdoin students are to figure quite conspicu- 
ously in amateur theatricals at the Town Hall next 
Thursday. Mann, '92, and Andrews, '94, are to be 
in "A Box of Monkeys," while Lincoln, '91, and 
Lazell, '92, will display their histrionic talents in 
the farce, " Betsey Baker." 

Anglers seem to be quite numerous at Bowdoin. 
Almost every cloudy day finds a company starting 
oft' in quest of the "speckled beauty." In general 
the successful men are few. A good catch was 
made, however, by Professor Wells and Fred Drew, 
a few days ago. 

A notice on the bulletin-board calls the attention 
of the Bowdoin bicyclists to their fast riding on the 
streets of Brunswick. It intimates that if this is' 
not stopped, bicycling in this town will be a back 
number. It looks as if Bowdoin's fast men will 
have to take a slower pace. 

The Seniors who are aspiring to Commencement 
orations are hard at work on their articles, which 
are due May 15th. The competitors for the Pray 
English Prize, are also required to be ready on the 
same day. Those who are working for the English 
Composition prize will be given until May 19th. 

The editors of the Bugle completed their labors 
some time ago, and have made their wills. The 
book is due, about May 20th. The publishers are 
pushing the work forward with all their energies. 
The books are now being bound. None, however, 
will appear in Brunswick until all are finished. Then 
"ho, every one that thirsteth after knowledge!" 

At a recent Sunday service in the chapel Presi- 
dent Hyde gave his opinion on the ways in which 
the college annual is carried on. His idea is for 
the Junior class to publish a book which could be 



sold for twenty-five cents, instead of investing so 
much money as is required at present. The Presi- 
dent also gave some good advice to the " swipers " 
of laboratory apparatus. 

The Junior assemblies are a thing of the past. 
The course has been most successful, though not 
largely attended, and the evenings have passed 
most delightfully to the participants. The culmi- 
nation of the whole was the May german, which 
occurred May 1st. Gilbert's orchestra, of Portland, 
furnished music for a delightful order of dances, 
after which came the german, led by Mann, '92. 

There is a marked falling off in reading in 
the spring among the students. For the month of 
April the total number of books taken from the 
library was 737, an average of 30 a day. The larg- 
est number taken out in one day was 68, on April 
14th. In January a total of 1,134 books left the 
library, averaging 42 a day. For April, last year, 
690 were taken out. 

The Seniors have adopted a new scheme in re- 
gard to the last chapel on Ivy Day. Instead of 
allowing the crowd to rush in promiscuously as 
heretofore, this year tickets are to be issued, and 
a' certain number distributed to each member of 
the class. After the ticketed individuals are seated, 
others will be allowed to enter and take the re- 
maining (?) seats. 

There is a fellow in South Appleton who for the 
past few weeks has been dodging every man or 
shadow that has crossed his path. The cause was 
his fear of catching the measles. He has now dis- 
covered that this miserable existence was all in 
vain, for be has been informed that way •back in the 
dark ages he underwent the siege which exempts 
a man from further danger. With elastic step he 
now treads the paths once so shunned, and seems 
to have taken a new lease of hfe. 

Recently, vphile some workmen were exca- 
vating for the foundation of the new mill of the 
Cabot Manufacturing Company, two skeletons were 
unearthed. They were brought to Professor Lee, 
who has madequite a thorough examination of them. 
His opinion is that one is the skeleton of a woman, 
probably an Indian. The bones are very long, the 
thigh bone being two inches longer than usual, 
showing that the person must have been of gigantic 
stature. The place from which these relics of 
by-gone days were taken is the site of Fort George, 
which was built in the early part of the last 
century. 

Bowdoin's minstrels are a sure thing, and June 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



23 



4th, Field Day, has been decided on as the date of 
the presentation. The " artists " have already begun 
preparations for the ordeal under the direction of 
Mr. Eliot C. Mitchell, of Portland. The end-men 
have been selected as follows: bones, Hunt, '91, 
Gateley, '92, Clifford, '93; tainbos, Hastings, '91, 
Whitney, '93, Bean, '92. These worthy individuals 
are now scouring every corner of the campus for 
stray jokes to spring on the unsuspecting. The 
managers have in mind a number of pleasing 
specialties, which cannot fail to make a first-class 
show. 

Quite a number of radical changes have been 
made in the curriculum for next year. In the 
History course, one hour a week will be devoted to 
Historical Bibliography. For the third term of 
Junior year Astronomy has been substituted for 
Physics. The Seniors will have but one required 
study ; Geology, for the first term. History of Philos- 
ophy, for the second, and Political Economy for the 
third, being elective. No opportunity is given for 
German Elective Senior year. The students are 
required to hand in their lists of electives for next 
year to President Hyde before June 1st. 

For some time the sidewalk which surrounds 
E. Nip's store has been not only an eye-sore but an 
inconvenience to the people who were obliged to 
make use of it. A few nights ago a number of 
students of rather a philanthropic turn determined 
to rid the world of this nuisance. Accordingly, the 
venerable work of art was torn from its aged 
resting-place, and piece by piece was conveyed to 
the campus. Here a few matches and a large 
quantity of kerosene soon made the mass one vast 
blaze. The chapel bell tolled mournfully as the 
relic was sent to its last rest, and after the deed 
was done the requiem was sung and the sad rites 
were over. 



J^[hle{ies,. 



Foot-ball candidates at Cornell, Yale, Harvard, 
and Princeton are in daily training. 

The number of infant, small and insignificant 
colleges staggering under the burden of the name 
"University" is truly amusing. We have re- 
ceived lately two papers, one from the University 
of Colorado, the other from the University of Deseret, 
both papers that, perhaps, might compare favorably 
with those issued by high schools here in the East. 
We do not condemn the papers, they are prob- 
ably very good, considering the number of students 
in the institutions from which they come, but pre- 
tending to be published by Universities they imme- 
diately become absurd and amusing. 



Presumpscots, 11; Bowdoin, 6. 

Oh May 6th the Presumpscots made their first 
appearance here for the season in a game noticeable 
for the heavy batting of both sides. 

In the first, after the Bowdoins had easily been 
retired, the Presumpscots succeeded in scoring 
three runs on two hits, one a three-bagger, and a 
couple of bad throws. 

In the second, however, Bowdoin took sweet 
revenge. Downes secured first on an error, Tukey 
hit to left for three bases, sending Downes home, 
and Chapman duplicated Tukey's hit, bringing in 
Tukey, but was himself put out at the home plate. 
Spring made the circuit of the bases on errors, 
bringing in the fourth run. Packard and Allen 
were out at first. 

In the third the Presumpscots scored one run, 
aided by a poor throw to first. 

In the fourth, after Spring had scored a run for 
Bowdoin, the Presumpscots came to the bat and by 
clean, hard batting, sent five men across the plate. 
Score— Presumpscots, 9 ; Bowdoin, 5. 

A three- base hit by Downes and a single by 
Tukey gave Bowdoin another run in the fifth. In 
their half the visitors scored twice on two hits, a 
man hit by a pitched ball, and an error. At this 
point Spring went into the box for Bowdoin, Downes 
taking third base. Neither side scored in the sixth. 

Bowdoin went to the bat in the seventh with five 
runs needed to tie the score. Tukey hit for two 
bases. Savage reached first on an error, Chapman 
was hit by a pitched ball, and the bases were full. 
With one man out, Packard came to the bat and 
made a tremendous hit to left centre for a home 
run, sending three men in ahead of him. At this 
point the Presumpscot pitcher was batted almost at 
will, and when the smoke cleared away Bowdoin 
had placed seven runs to her credit. Score— Bow- 
doin, 13; Presumpscots, II. 

At this stage of the game the Presumpscots were 
obliged to leave the field to catch their train, much 
to the disappointment of the crowd. Consequently 
the score reverted to even innings, leaving it 11-6 
in favor of the Presumpscots. 

On the field every man played a strong game, 
and showed once for all that a Bowdoin team can 
play an uphill game. The batting of Tukey and 
Packard, and a double play by Downes, Fish, and 
Savage, with three men on bases, deserve special 
mention. 



24 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



The Presumpscots played a strong game, both 
at the bat and in the field, and gave the impression 
of being one of the most gentlemanly lot of players 
who have appeared here. 

The score follows : 

PRESUMPSCOTS. 

K. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Harmon, ..1 3 3 2 1 

Batchelder, 3 4 6 2 2 1 

Morton, 3 1 1 9 

Leighton, 2 1 

Gilman, 1 1 2 1 2 3 

J. Bennett, i 

P. Bennett, 1 1 2 1 4 4 

Elkins 2 2 5 1 

West, 1 1 

Totals, 11 13 17 21 14 8 

BOWDOIN. 

R. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Packard, 2b., 2 5 1 ] 

Allen, r.f 1 1 2 

Pish, c., 5 2 2 

Hutchinson, s.s., 1 1 2 1 1 

Downes, p., 3b., 2 3 4 6 1 

Tukey, c.f., 1 4 7 2 

Savage, lb., 1 1 1 4 

Chapman, 1.1., 1 3 1 

Spring, 3b., p., 2 1 1 2 3 1 

Totals, 6 14 23 18 13 G 

Innings 123456 

Presumpscots, 30152 0—11 

Bowdoins 040110—6 

Colby, 21; Bowdoin, 8. 

The first game of the season with Colby has been 
played, and, as is usually the case in the first game, 
Colby won. 

Despite the disagreeable weather about twenty 
of the students accompanied the team. In the pre- 
liminary practice the Bowdoins appeared to much 
better advantage than did their opponents, but all 
hope of winning the game was quickly dispelled. 
Colby was first at the bat. The first two men were 
hit by pitched balls. Two stolen bases, a sacrificei 
a hit, and an error let in two runs. 

Packard and Allen both reached first on balls, 
stole second and third, and scored on Fish's single. 

The second inning was disastrous. Aided by 
several errors Colby scored five unearned runs on 
three hits, while Bowdoin was easily put out. From 
this time on the game was of little interest and a 
detailed account would only be a long record of 
errors, with few redeeming features. Downes had 
an off day and hit five men with pitched balls, 
beside making several fielding errors. Indeed, the 
whole team played as though thoroughly disheart- 
ened, while the Colbys put up a strong game, both 



in the field and at the bat. Whitman, '94, was in 
the box for Colby and pitched a fair game, fielding 
his position well, but was rather wild, giving many 
bases on balls. Bonney also did good work in the 
field, and Parsons led his side at the bat. 

For Bowdoin Packard played without an error 
at second, and Fish by his fine stops saved Downes 
several wild pitches. Packard and Spring excelled 
at the bat. 

The base hit and error columns in the following 
score tell the story: 

BOWDOIN. 

A.B. R. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Packard, 2b., 4 1 3 3 3 3 1 

Allen, r.f 4 1 1 1 1 

Downes, p., 5 1 11 2 

Fish, c, 5 1 1 9 2 3 

Tukey, c.f 3 1 

Hutchinson, s.s 5211034 

W. M. Hilton, l.f 5100001 

Savage, lb., ....... 2 1 11 

Spring, 3b., ..' 3 12 4 2 1 

Totals, 36 8 8 10 25 20 13 

COLBY. 

A.B. R. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Parsons, c 4 4 3 3 4 5 2 

Kalloch, r.f., 62 000 12 

Foster, l.f 7 2 3 3 

Bonney, lb 4 4 1 3~ 12 

Lombard, s.s 6 2 2 2 2 2 1 

Hoxie, 2b 5 3 3 2 1 

Latlip, 3b 6 1 3 3 4 1 

Hall, c.f., 6 1 2 2 2 

Whitman, p., 6 2 1 1 7 

Totals, 50 21 15 17 27 18 6 

Innings, 123456789 

Colby, 250342 2-3 0—21 

Bowdoin, 200201210—8 

Earned runs— Colby, 2; Bowdoin, 1. Three-base hits- 
Spring, Bonney. Stolen bases — Parsons (7), Kalloch, 
Foster, Bonney (2), Lombard, Latlip, Hall, Whitman, 
Packard (2), Allen (3), Tukey, Hutchinson (2), Hilton. 
First base on balls— Parsons (2), Packard, Allen, Tukey, 
Savage (2), Spring. Struck out — Foster, Latlip, Hall, 
Whitman (2), Allen, Downs (2), Hilton, Spring. Passed 
balls— Parsons, 3; Fish, 3. Wild pitches — Whitman, 
Downs. Hit by pitched ball— Parsons, Kalloch, Bonney 
(2), Hoxie. Time — 2 hours 50 minutes. Umpire — William 
Pushor. Kalloch out for running oat of line. Foster out. 
Parsons interfering with fielder. 

BOATING. 
The 'Varsity crew are now rowing twice a day 
and are fast getting into form. Though the posi- 
tion of one or two men may be changed later, the 
crew will now row substantially as follows : Parker, 
stroke and captain; Hastings, seven; Turner, six ; 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



25 



Haskell, five; Jackson, four; Allard, three; Poor, 
two; Carleton, one; Nichols, substitute. 

At present there seems to be little doubt but 
that a race with Harvard will be arranged to be 
rowed on the Charles in June. The Athletics of 
Boston are desirous of another race, and if Bowdoin 
rows Harvard she will undoubtedly give the Athlet- 
ics a race during the same week. 

The C'umberlands of Portland are also anxious 
to try oonclusious with our crew, and if satisfactory 
arrangements can be made a race will be arranged 
for the last of May or first of June, at Sebago Lake. 

The Sophomore crew will be made up as follows : 
Stacy, stroke; Shay, three; May, two; Ridley, one. 

The Freshmen have purchased the old 'Varsity 
four-oar shell and will put the following crew on the 
river: Ross, captain ; Horsman, Parrington, Buck. 

TENNIS. 

In the Alpha Delta Phi tournament the first 
three rounds in singles have been .played. Packard 
is looked upon as the probable winner. The open- 
ing matches of the Psi Upsilon tournament in 
doubles showed that it will be a close contest. 

The Theta Delta Chi tournament has also 
opened, and indeed all the courts on the campus 
are almost constantly occupied. 

A meeting will doubtless be called this week to 
arrange a college tournament for both singles and 
doubles. Such a one could not fail to be inter- 
esting, as the best of our players are so evenly 
matched that no one could predict with any degree 
of accuracy the probable winners. 




The officers for the following year have been 
elected as follows: President, J. D. Merriman ; Vice- 
President, Howard ; Corresponding Secretary, Ma- 
chan; Recording Secretary, Libby; Treasurer, 
Lord. 

Merriman was Corresponding Secretary, and 
attended the Deputation Worker's Conference last 
year at Albany. He has attended one or two New 
England college conferences and state conventions, 
and is thoroughly acquainted with the modern 
organization of the College Y. M. C. A. 

Howard was the Recording Secretary last year, 
and introduced the system of keeping records on 
blanks prepared for the purpose. Machan was one 
of the Maine delegates to the Deputation Worker's 



Conference, lately held at Springfield, and is conse- 
quently well equipped for Corresponding Secre- 
tary's work. 

The meeting that closed the association year 
was given to the Seniors, and nearly all who are 
Christians were present, and spoke of the pleasure 
and benefit their connection with the association 
had been to them. 

Some of the points made should be noted. For 
instance, those who have consented to address the 
Sunday afternoon meetings every other week, will, 
in a measure, be rewarded by one remark made, 
"that the informal practical talks we have had from 
our professors and others have done me more good 
than all the sermons I have heard." Another said 
in substance, "the influence of the steady following 
of Christ's example by the men in the association, 
had done more than anything else to induce him to 
acknowledge Christ." All emphasized the value of 
uniting one's self with the association at once upon 
entering college, of making one's self a positive 
factor in it, and not remaining merely a "sleeping 
pasture." 

The necessity of uniting with a church in town, 
and thus making a church home during the course, 
which has been referred to by President Hyde 
several times, was mentioned by one who had felt 
the loss of not doing it. 

The general sentiment of the meeting might be 
summed up in the conviction that true Christian 
life in college should express itself in some way 
through the association. 

The fourth deputation sent from the colleges 
went to Maine Central Institute, Saturday, May 2d. 
They were met at the station by members of the 
Young People's Christian Society and directed to 
their places of entertainment. The first meeting 
was Saturday evening which was especially in- 
tended for members of the Christian Society. Sev- 
eral of the teachers, including Professor Drake, 
the Principal, were present at this meeting, as at 
those which followed. After a short song and 
prayer service, the Y. M. C. A., its plan and pur- 
poses, were discussed in a somewhat informal man- 
ner, and its committee work explained. The next 
day a special meeting was held at three o'clock and 
the delegates took charge of the regular Sunday 
evening iirayer-meeting. Although it was not 
thought advisable to start an Association this 
spring, yet they decided to form their committees 
after the plan of the college Y. M. C. A., prepara- 
tory to starting one in the fall. 



26 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



An invitation lias been received from Bath to 
send down as large a delegation as possible to meet 
tbat association and its friends in a social way. The 
eomnnittee in charge hope to get at least forty to go, 
and will soon fix the date. The affair promises to 
be very enjoyable, and, as half fare on the railroads 
makes its cost very small, a larger number will 
probably accept the invitation. 

The association singers have been practicing 
somewhat for the meetings, and an improvement in 
the singing has been very noticeable. As a result 
fifty new books have been ordered, the old ones 
being about exhausted of the available hymns, and 
new life will soon be put into that portion of the 
meetings. 

Sunday, May 24th, the State Secretary, Mr. 
K. H. Shelton, will address the association, and 
something very interesting may be expected. Mr. 
Shelton has made a very good impression wherever 
he has spoken, and is an enthusiastic, wide-awake 
association worker. He is a thorough believer in 
the Intercollegiate Y. M. C. A., and his stay in the 
State will cause that department of association 
Work to boom, as well as that in towns and 
districts. 




'41. — In connection with 
' the article in the personal 
I column of the last Oeient about Rev. 
Gr. F. Magoun, D.D., the following, 
taken from the Unit, published at Iowa 
College, will be of interest to our readers : 
Dr. Magoun's seventieth birthday came with March 
29th, which was very pleasantly celebrated by a family 
reunion. The birthday came on the Sabbath, and upon 
the afternoon of that day the family and a circle of favored 
friends gathered for religious service and to hear from the 
Doctor a discourse on the " Compensations of Old Age," 
and why seventy years of life had made him more and 
more a hopeful man. Iowa College congratulates her first 
president very heartily upon the undiminished vigor with 
which he passes the threescore years and ten, and wishes 
for him many more of useful life. 

The following poem, written on his seventieth 
birthday, will also, no doubt, be very pleasant to all 
our readers : 



THE WATCH OF THE OPTIMIST. 

Psalm 130:6. 
Never on midnight breaks midnoon, 
Slow moves the order opportune, 
Fair morning cannot come too soon. 

Or ere the world in light doth swim, 

A blush foreruns the twilight dim 

That glimmers round the earth's dark rim. 

We clamor for full radiance wide 
To flood th' horizon with its tide; 
God's laws of sequence still abide. 

Aloft some faint foregleams do show 
The mounting of the underglow; 
Red bars of splendor burn below. 

Late spreads the sun's supremest sway; 
Our eyes grow wonted to the ray 
Progressive up to perfect day. 



Ho! watcher for God's coming light! 
What first shall greet thy straining sight 
Is never truth full-orbed and bright, 
Enthroned in mind's meridian height. 

Some glimpse of wisdom's struggling gleam 
Will best thy vision faint beseem, — 
Some flash from thought's half-hidden beam; 
No glory bursts with sudden stream. 

The right is long emasculate, 
Love's beauty blent with hateful hate. 
Good comes not sole and separate. 
All wisest voices bid thee wait. 

— "Our faith is poor and weak and thin." 
The plaint is old — hath ever been — 
But richer systems struggle in 
As souls grow large their wealth to win. 

Our tardiest blessings costliest be 
Time's fruit mature. Eternity, 
High-heaped with Christ's dear legacy. 
Alone suffices you and me. 

Dr. G. F. Magoun. 
March 29, 1891— Seventieth birthday. 

—The Unit. 

Dr. Magoun has appointments for the summer 
at the National Temperance Convention, Saratoga, 
at the semi-centennial of his class at Bowdoin, at 
the International Congregational Council, London, 
England, and at a reunion of the sons and daughters 
of the Pilgrims, at old Plymouth. — The Unit. 

'43. — We have received a report of the mines of 
the State of Montana from G. C. Swallow, M.E., 
LL.D., State Inspector of Mines, from Helena, 
Montana. It is a very neat pamphlet and throughout 
displays the remarkable aptitude of Dr. Swallow for 
this special business. Dr. Swallow, since graduation 
from Bowdoin, has led a very active life. In 1849 
he was a member of the State Board of Education 



I 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



27 



for Penobscot County. In 1850 he was elected to 
the Professorship of Geology and Chemistry in tlie 
University of Missouri, and in 1853 was appoiuted 
State Geologist for the same State, which position 
ho held till 1861. From 1861 to 1865 he was State 
Geologist for Kansas. He e.xplored the mines of 
Montana in 1867, and at this time entered into the 
mining business and was superintendent of the 
Highland Gold Company. He built a quartz mill 
and worked the mines in 1868-69, when he was 
recalled to the University of Missouri to take the 
professorship of Natural History, being also elected 
Dean of the Agricultural College. In 1872 he 
was elected Professor of Botany, Comparative 
Anatomy, and Physiology in the Medical School 
of Missouri, which position ho held till 1882. For a 
few years since then he has been editor of the 
Helena Journal, published at Helena, Montana, and 
now holds the position of State Inspector of Mines 
in Montana. Professor A. G. Ramsey, Director of 
the Geological Survey of Great Britain, in an 
address in America, said: "I will say that the 
names of Dana and Hall and Hitchcock and 
Rogers and Siliiman and Swallow, and your other 
scientific men, are as familiar in our mouths as 
household words. We study their books on geology 
and their descriptive paleontology, and we consider 
them equal to the highest authorities on the other 
side of the Atlantic." 

'59. — Sunday, May 3d, Rev. Dr. Mason made an 
appeal to the church for aid for the Central Turkey 
College in Aiutab, Turkey. Dr. Mason said, in the 
course of his talk : " The later history of the insti- 
tution is full of interest for members of this congre- 
gation and friends of Bowdoin College. He who is 
now president was graduated from Bowdoin in the 
class of '59, as one of its first scholars and best men. 
Dr. Americus Fuller. Two years before, in 1857, he 
united with the chnrch and was dismissed to Bangor 
in 1860. After leaving the seminary he was pastor 
at Hallowed and then went West. From the West 
he turned to the far East and became a missionary, 
filling now one of the most important posts in that 
laud as president of the Central College." Dr. 
Fuller has been at Aiutab for several years, and 
under his administration the college had been having 
an era of prosperity until December, 1890, when 
fire visited them and entirely ruined the buildings. 
However, in these narrow straits, with Dr. Fuller 
at the head of the institution, they are still at work, 
and the glorious work of teaching the poor mortals, 
in a laud where Christianity and education were, 
before the estabhshment of this school, almost 



unknown, is still proceeding, though under great 
difiSculties. Dr. Fuller is surely doing a remarkable 
work and a Christian work, and it is to be hoped 
that he will soon obtain the necessary aid to again 
equip this institution for the saving of souls and 
bringing them to the fold. 

'64. — Hon. Enoch Foster of Bethel will deliver 
the address on Memorial Day at Freeport. 

'65. — Hon. Joseph A. Locke was in Brunswick a 
short time ago, attending a meeting of the trustees 
of Maine Wesleyan Seminary. 

'72.— George W. Whi taker, one of the founders 
of the Orient and at present editor and proprietor 
of the Netv England Farmer, published at Boston, 
was elected president of the Suburban Press Asso- 
ciation at a recent meeting in Boston. Mr. Whit- 
aker has also been editor and proprietor of the 
Southbridge Journal, Southbridge, Mass. 

'72. — Dr. William C. Shannon, Assistant Surgeon, 
U. S. A., is now on duty with the Intercontinental 
Railway Commission in Central America. 

'73.— Col. Edwin J. Cram, the newly appoiuted 
successor of the unsavory Judge Hamilton of the 
Biddeford Municipal Court, of which he himself has 
been recorder, is a thorough gentleman, a close stu- 
dent, and a man of unquestionable character. He 
is forty-four years of age, a graduate of Bowdoin 
College, and a member of the Cumberland County 
bar. He read law in the office of Strout, Gage & 
Strout, Portland, and has been practicing his pro- 
fession at Biddeford seven years. 

'75.— Professor G. C. Purinton, principal of 
the Normal School at Farmington, has recently 
received an offer of a desirable position in a pub- 
lishing house in a neighboring city at a salary of 
$3,000 per year, which he refused, preferring to 
remain in his present chosen profession. This is 
the kind of men that Maine can not well afford 
to lose. 

'75. — The Boston Sunday Herald has an inter- 
esting account of athletics at St. Paul's School at 
Concord, N. H., and pays a high tribute to Professor 
L. C. Dole, who has charge of athletics there. 

'77.— Mr. Samuel A. Melcher is principal of the 
High School at Northbridge, Mass., and superin- 
tendent of the schools in the town. In an account 
of the erection of and completion of the new school- 
house in that place the Brunstvick Telegraph says : 
" Mr. Melcher has been connected with the school 
for many years, and maintains an enviable reputa- 
tion as instructor and superintendent." 

77. — Among the portraits sent to the Royal 
Academy Exhibition, which the Neio York Herald 



28 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



thinks entitled to honorable mention, is a " View 
Near Braintree," by Curtis A. Perry, Bowdoin, 77. 

'77. — Dr. William Stephenson, Assistant Surgeon, 
U. S. A., is now stationed at Colurabus^^Barracks, 
Columbus, Ohio. 

77. — Major Phineas H. Ingalls, Brigade In- 
spector, Connecticut National Guard, was born in 
Gorham, Maine, April 18, 18r)6, and received his 
education at the public schools in Portland, Maine, 
and at Bowdoin. Following graduation from col- 
lege he studied medicine and graduated from the 
College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York 
City, in March, 1880, and received an appointment 
in the Women's Hospital of New York, serving 
there as House Surgeon till November, 1881. He 
removed to Connecticut in March, 1882, and began 
the practice of medicine in Hartford, where he now 
resides, and in addition to his private practice is 
one of the visiting physicians to the Hartford Hos- 
pital. His military career began in Bowdoin Col- 
lege, where military instruction was then a part of 
the college curriculum, under the charge of Major 
G. P. Sanger (now Assistant Inspector-General, 
U. S. A.), who was detailed by the United States 
government for that purpose. He joined the First 
Regiment, Connecticut National Guard, August 17, 
1883, as assistant surgeon; was promoted captain 
and adjutant, December 23, 1884. Resigned and 
was discharged January 22, 1890, and was appointed 
major and brigade inspector on the staff of General 
Watson, May 12, 1890, which position he now holds. 

Ex-'78.— John F. Hall was chosen a member of 
the board of education at Atlantic City, N. J., 
April 7, 1891. 

'80.— Emery W. Bartlett is on the editorial staff 
of the Boston Herald. 

'85.— Eugene Thomas, Esq., is practicing law in 
Fort Payne, Alabama. After graduation in 1885 
Mr. Thomas read law in Portland, Me., one year 
with Drummond & Drummond, then took a two 
years' course in one in the Boston University Law 
School and was admitted to the Suffolk Bar, Boston, 
Mass., in 1887. He practiced his profession in 
Boston till July, 1889, when he removed to Fort 
Payne, where he is at present. Mr. Thomas says : 
" I am reminded each time when I read any account 
containing names of Bowdoin students that I am 
getting to be an old alumnus. None of the boys 
who were students when I was there are now to be 
found in or about the old college grounds, except 
Moody, Whittier, and Parker. All the rest have 
left and are fighting the battle of life to procure the 
dollar, consequently when I return to the old col- 



lege I feel like a stranger, not, however, in a strange 
land, for every tree and hall and walk on the old 
campus are as fresh in my mind as when I left 
there. Many changes have come about since I 
graduated. Professor Avery, one of the most pro- 
found scholars that ever graced a professor's chair 
in Bowdoin, has passed to the Great Unknown 
beyond this world. Professor Smith has also left 
Bowdoin to identify himself with the interests of 
another college. We who have always seen those 
faces there, miss them on our return." 

'87. — Harry B. Austin, of Farmington, was at 
the station a few days ago greeting old friends. 

'87.— L. B. Varney is principal of a school in 
Newark, N. J., where young men are fitted for 
college and scientific schools. 

'87.— Arthur W. Merrill has entered into the 
co-partnership of Fred E. Richards & Co., for the 
purpose of continuing the private banking and 
brokerage business heretofore carried on by Fred 
E. Richards, at 98 Exchange Street, Portland. 

'87. — C. B. Burleigh, editor of the Kennebec 
Journal, Augusta, Me., recently delivered a lecture 
on "Journalism" before the faculty and students of 
the New Hampton (N. H.) Institution. 

'87 and '89.— On Monday, April 20th, Fermer 
Pushor, '87, and Albert E. Neal, '89, having passed 
a satisfactory examination, both orally and in 
writing, were admitted to the bar of this State. 



IN MEMORIAM. 

Hall of Lambda, Zeta Psi, ? 
May 1,1891. \ 
Whereas, Almighty God has removed from our 
midst our dearly beloved and highly esteemed 
brother, Frank K. Wheeler, of the Class of '74, 
be it 

Resolved, That the fraternity with sincere 
sorrow recognize in his death the loss of a brother 
of superior intellectual attainments and of high 
moral character ; 

Resolved, That the heartfelt sympathy of the 
society be extended to his bereaved family ; 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be 
sent to the family of the deceased and to the Bow- 
doin Orient for publication. 

A. T. Brown, 
H. R. Gurnet, 
W. F. Allen, 

Committee. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



29 




FINLAND LOVE SONG. 

Far off in the north the bright liglits glow, 
Darting tlieir gleaming o'er deserts of snow, 

Swift as their flashes my reindeer go, 
Swift to my waiting love. 

Around me there whistles the bold winter blast, 
The lights fade away, the clouds thicken fast, 

Bnt soon I'll be there, all peril safe past. 
At the side of my waiting love. 

Theheiaho! reindeer; heiaho, twinkling feet. 
Yet quicker, yet faster; be swift, be fleet ! 

That soon in sweet rapture my own shall meet 
The lips of my waiting love. 

— Wesley an Argus' 

A large proportion of college verse is senti- 
mental in its nature. One uncouversant with the 
environment of college life might think the students 
a company of love sick youth. Yet this tendency 
is hut natural. Man is hut human, youth is impres- 
sible, and the spirit of companionship, of friendship 
and of love, fraught with all the fervor and exuber- 
ance of young manhood, runs riot in our veins. 

A student's room, an open window with the cool 
and balmy breezes of spring floating in and gently 
whispering through the budding maples and dark 
swaying . pines, the shadows of evening slowly 
gathering, a few far stars beckoning sympathet- 
ically above, and the large full moon just beaming 
from the rim of some flecked and fleecy cloud, 
dry books aud difficult problems are forgotten 
amidst such surroundings. Memory goes back to 
nights like this, perhaps in the past summer, and 
the student thinks of some sea-side or mountain 
flirtation, and instinctively again he sees her waving 
hair, her flashing eyes and winsome smile. What 
more natural than that, enthroned in such a poetic 
realm, in the dreamy halls of the imagination and 
of memory, he should burst forth into sentimental 
poetry, the typical college verse ? Nothing ! 



A QUARTER OF EIGHT. 

"My daughter," and his voice was stern, 
" You must set this matter right: 
What time did that Sophomore leave the 
house 
Who sent in his card last night? " 

" His work was pressing, father, dear, 

And his love for it is great ; 

He took his leave and went his way 

Before a quarter of eight." 

Then a twinkle came in her bright blue eye. 
And her dimples deeper grew, 
" 'Tis surely no sin to tell him that. 
For a quarter of eight is two." 

— The Columbian. 

England with ninety-four universities, has 2,723 
more professors, and 51,814 more students than the 
three hundred and sixty universities of the United 
States. 

The college papers of central New York have 
formed a press association. One of the many 
objects for so doing is to secure advertisements of 
distant firms in all of the papers belonging to the 
association. 

Gallant lover (of the U. S. A.) — "I would adore 
you, sweetheart, were it only for your colors." "My 
colors?" "Yes, for the red of your hps, the white 
of your brow, and the blue of your eyes." "Then 
these shall be the flag of our union." 

A student has been suspended from Monmouth 
College for passing a note during chapel exercises. 

It is claimed that there were more colleges in 
proportion to the population in 1800 than there are 
at the present time. 

The Adelhert makes the statement that two of 
the members of its board have been dropped for 
impiulencc and refusal to do assigned work. Such 
a condition of affairs savors more of an infant de- 
partment than of a college where the students are 
men. Perhaps it was necessary ; but we can only 
offer our pity to an institution where impudence of 
one member toward another necessitates that one 
be expelled from an editorial board. 

The percentage of non-Christian students to 
Christian students in the United States is as one is 
to ten. 

She— "Are the examinations at Yale hard?'' 
He — "Yes; they are so hard that you can't cut 
them." 

President Gates, of Amherst, is the bowling 
champion of the college. His highest record is 278 
out of 300. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 




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We are alw.ays prepared to show in every department a LARGE 

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Mention Orient when Patronizing Our Advertisers. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Vol. XXI. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, MAY 27, 1891. 



No. 3. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 

PUBLISHED EVERT ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY DURING 
THE COLLEGIATE YEAR BY THE STUDENTS OF 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE. 

EDITORIAL BOARD. 

E. A. PuGSLEY, '92, Managing Editor. 

J. C. Hull, '92, Assistant Managing Editor. 

H. C. Fabyan, '93, Business Manager. 

F. V. GUMMER, '92. M. S. Clifford, '93. 

J. B. F. Hodgdon, '92. C. W. Pbabody, '93. 

H. W. Kimball, '92. H. E. Andrews, '9i. 

F. "W. Pickard, '94. 



■^3aE^a^.;a:a = 



Per annum, in advance. 
Single Copies, 



$2.00. 
15 Cents. 



Extra copies can be obt.iined at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Editor. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni arc Invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Rhyme and Reason Department should be 
sent to Box 951, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal notes should be sent to Box 9.50, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post-Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 

CONTENTS. 
Vol. XXI., No. 3.— May 27, 1891. 

Editorial Notes, 31 

Miscellaneous : 

President Dwiglit of Yale on Professor Smitli, . . 34 

Alpha Delta Phi Fraternity 34 

Communication. George V. S. Michaelis. ... 34 

Rhyme and Reason: 

The Same Old Threadbare Theme, 36 

A Day Dream, 36 

May, 36 

Spring Term, 37 

Almost 37 

CoLLEGii Tabula 37 

Athletics, 39 

Y. M. C. A 42 

Personal, 43 

College World 45 




College sougs are not often enough 
heard among us. That is, we as a body 
of students do not get together and join in 
singing those good old songs so dear to the 
heart of every college graduate. In former 
years, so we are told, the boys were in the 
habit of assembling in the early evening and 
causing the walls of old Bowdoin to sound 
and resound with the strains of familiar songs. 
Why do we allow this custom to be forgotten? 
Whatever is by itself a distinct characteristic 
of college life ought to be carefully looked 
after and maintained, provided that its results 
are for the better, rather than for the worse. 
Harmless college customs, like that of sing- 
ing college songs in common, are important 
factors in keeping up our enthusiasm, or, what 
is often called, our college spirit. With these 
few remarks we would suggest that the custom 
be revived, and that on pleasant evenings we 
come together for a half hour or so after 
supper and let the staid old college town be 
awakened once again by the echoes of our 
song. 



TT IS pleasant to note that at last some at- 
■^ tention is being given to the trees on the 
campus in the matter of thinning and pruning. 
The good work should go on, and in addition 
to careful pruning the fertilizers should here- 



32 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



after be placed where the roots of the trees 
can reach them. The present method of heap- 
ing up the matter designed to furnish food 
for the tree about its trunk, should cause 
every man of intelligence to blush for the 
dense ignorance or carelessness which such a 
proceeding displays. The proper thing to do 
is to fertilize the soil for fifteen or twenty feet 
around the tree trunk, in fact, the whole 
campus should be well fertilized. We have a 
chance to make a very fine campus with a 
very little outlay of money. The ground 
should be plowed, fertilized, and graded. A 
small section could be treated thus each year, 
and after the completion of the grading, the 
fertilizing material could be applied without 
further disturbance of the soil. A tree would 
then thrive anywhere about the college grounds 
and very soon there would be a symmetry 
about them which they do not now possess. 
When the grounds have been put in such a 
condition as to harmonize with them, statues 
of Longfellow, Hawthorne, Pierce, Andrew, 
and Howard should be located here and there 
so that a stranger might know that the col- 
lege cherishes the memory of those sons who 
have made her famous among American insti- 
tutions of learning. Not until our grounds 
are in a condition to set off such works of art 
to advantage, are we likely to receive them. 
When, however, things are in readiness they 
will doubtless be forthcoming. 



PROF. PEASE is to teach the Latin no 
longer at Bowdoin, having accepted the 
call to Stamford University in California. 
His departure will create a vacancy here 
which it will be hard to fill. Professor Pease 
came to Bowdoin in 1886, from Smith College, 
Mass., and has taught the Latin here since 
that date. He is one of the most industrious 
and progressive men in his department in the 
country and will be a valuable man to the 
university which has secured his services. It 
is a shame that we are compelled to part with 



the members of our Faculty as soon as they 
have acquired teaching power and extended 
reputation, simply because we cannot remu- 
nerate them properly for their services. 
These continuous losses are becoming too 
frequent. Last year it was Professor Smith, 
this year it is Professor Pease, and next year 
we may have to give up another. This must 
be prevented if the college is to maintain its 
reputation and extend its influence. 



TQ'MONG the miscellaneous articles we have 
/ -*■ a notice of Prof. Charles H. Smith, who 
went from Bowdoin to Yale last j'ear. The 
notice is taken from the Report of the Presi- 
dent of Yale University for the year ending 
December 31, 1890. 



WE PUBLISH in this issue an article 
from the Secretary of the Kennebec 
Athletic Association, announced to appear 
in a previous issue. In the communication 
a strong plea is made for the greater stimu- 
lation of athletics in the high schools and 
academies. This is certainly a matter worthy 
of consideration. 



IN THIS issue we are able to make some 
defiuite announcements with reference to 
the college navy. The Bowdoin eight is at 
last to row a race with the University Crew 
of Harvard. The affair is to take place on 
May 29tl), on the Charles River. It has long 
been the desire of Bowdoin men that such a 
race might be obtained, and now that what 
has so long been hoped for is to be a reality, 
the degree of satisfaction throughout the 
college is such as has not been felt before for 
many a day. In addition to the race with 
Harvard two others have been considered and 
still another is deemed possible. Of the first 
two of these, one is a proposed race with the 
Crew of the Boston Athletic Association, on 
the Charles River, and the other a trial with 
the Crew of Columbia College on the Thames, 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



at New London. This last mentioned race 
has already been agreed upon, and so may be 
regarded as sure to occur, provided the funds 
can be raised to meet the expenses. The 
question of finance, however, we do not think 
is likely to affect any of the prospective races 
in a serious manner, though it must be looked 
squarely in the face and be fully attended to. 
The students have already subscribed quite 
liberally for boating, but still there are some 
who possibly can do more. The alumni did 
well for the navy last year and it is hoped 
that they may be able to aid us with a gen- 
erous sum at this time. As yet, however, 
contributions from this source have been re- 
ceived in a limited degree. The expense of 
boating this year will not be quite as large as 
that of the last, to be sure, but still there 
will be an expense, and no one should reduce 
his subscription from that of last year too 
extensively. Money spent in behalf of the 
boat crew is in reality money spent in bring- 
ing the college to public notice. The races 
are advertisements, so to speak, and for this 
reason, if for no other, they are worthy of 
consideration and support. If the alumni 
can do as well proportionately as they did last 
year, all will be well. Can we not all, both un- 
dergraduates and alumni, forego many of the 
trivial pleasures for which we expend money 
daily and turn the amounts thus saved into the 
treasury of the Boating Association in order 
that we may have the greater and more last- 
ing pleasure of seeing our crew in one race 
at least, and possibly two, at New London, 
in addition to the assured one with 
Harvard and the prospective one with the 
Boston Athletic Association at Cambridge? 
We have said possibly two at New London. 
The reason for such a statement is that the 
Cornell crew will be there at. the same time 
that our crew will be there to row the race 
with Columbia, and as Cornell has alread}^ 
made overtures for a race, possibly one can 
be arranged to take place the next day after 



the race with Columbia. If a race is rowed 
with the Boston Athletic Association Crew, 
it will take place the next day after the race 
with Harvard, or better, perhaps, on the fol- 
lowing Monday. By the above arrangements 
it will be seen that the expenses of the races 
will be reduced to a minimum. Give of your 
substance for the good of the cause. So 
much for the races and finance, now a few 
words with reference to the men who are to 
represent us. The crew is a rugged one and 
has been doing some systematic training. It 
has had the benefit of Mr. Plaisted's coaching 
every day since the river became suitable for 
rowing, and has steadily improved. The 
men ought to make a good race with any 
crew, — a race such as no one need feel 
ashamed of, and we believe they can. The 
age, weight, and height of the men are as 
follows: 



Bow, Carleton, '93, 

2. Poore, '92, 

3. Allard, '93, 

4. Jackson, '91, 

5. Haskell, M. S., 

6. Turner, M. S., 

7. Hastings, '91, 
Stroke, Parker, '91, 
Shaw, '93, coxswain. 



Age. Height. Weight. 

22 5.10 175 

21 5.10 176 
28 5.8 163 
27 6.1 190 

23 5.11 184 
23 5.104 184 
23 5.10 188 

22 5.114 190 

110 



Average age, 23 years 6 months. 
Average height, 5 feet lOJ inches. 
Average weight, 180i pounds. 

It is at once seen from an inspection of the 
above figures that if the texture of the muscle 
is of the right quality, and the training is 
correct, then the Bowdoin boat ought to be 
well up in the stiffest kind of a race, we shall 
soon see if this is to be so. 



The Unit, published at Iowa College, is one of 
the best exchanges which we receive. Though 
published in the West, it compares most favorably 
with any paper published here in the East. In a 
recent editorial some very plain words are said 
concerning the raising of the standard of the insti- 
tution, making it what it is in name, a college, and 
one in the fullest sense of the word. 



34 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



i§©0llai^eoa§. 



President Dwight of Yale on 
Professor Smith. 

[Taken from President's Report.] 

TITHE Department of History also has been 
■*- strengthened by the appointment of 
Professor Charles H. Smith as Professor of 
American History. Professor Smith's term 
of service began with the opening of the 
present academic year. He had for a con- 
siderable period been a Professor of History 
in Bowdoin College, and had occupied in that 
institution an important and influential posi- 
tion. As a graduate of our own college of 
the class of 1865, and in consequence of hav- 
ing filled the office of Tutor here from 1867 
to 1869, he had long been familiar with our 
University life. He returns to it with the 
added experience of an honorable service for 
a number of years in another collegiate 
institution. 



Alpha Delta Phi Fraternity. 
TITHE Fifty-Ninth Annual Convention of the 
-^ Alpha Delta Phi Fraternity was held with 
the Johns Hopkins Chapter in Baltimore, 
May 7th and 8th. Wednesday evening, pre- 
vious to the meeting of the Convention, the 
visiting delegates were given a reception in 
the Chapter House on Franklin Street, which 
was entirely informal and enjoyable. Thursday 
morning the business sessions opened in Lever- 
ing Hall, the Y. M. C. A. Hall of the Univer- 
sity, and continued through the afternoon 
and Friday morning. Hon. Clarence A. Sew- 
ard was re-elected President of the Fraternity. 
Thursday evening the public exercises of 
the convention were held in the Lyceum 
Theatre, where addresses were delivered by 
President Seward, Hon. Ellis H. Roberts of 
New York, and Rev. Dr. Bartlett of Wash- 
ington. At the conclusion of these exercises, 
which were highly interesting, a reception 



and ball was tendered to the visiting delegates 
in Lehmann's Hall. An enjoyable order of 
sixteen dances was carried out to splendid 
music, and the hospitality and attractiveness 
of the Baltimore ladies were amply indicated. 
The next afternoon, after the adjournment of 
the business session, the convention proceeded 
in barges to the base-ball grounds, where 
the Baltimores and Louisvilles played an in- 
teresting game. In the evening occurred the 
annual convention banquet, which was held 
in Lehmann's Hall, and the festivities lasted 
from seven till two or three in the morning. 
Interesting after-dinner speeches were made 
by President Seward, Mr. Roberts, Professor 
Smith of Columbia, Talcott Williams, and 
others. The delegates remained after the 
conclusion of the speeches, and the exercises 
were closed by the function of the Sigma Tau 
Rho, or "inner circle" of Alpha Delta Phi. 
A pleasant feature of the convention was 
the interchange of greetings with the Psi 
Upsilon Convention in session at Amherst. 
The convention voted to adopt the lily of the 
valley as the floral emblem of the fraternity. 



Communication. 

To the Editors of the Orient: 

DEAR SIRS, — Your reputation as leaders 
in all worthy reforms has led me to ask 
your help and assistance in the following mat- 
ter. I most firmly believe that if we can 
receive the co-operation of Bowdoin and the 
others, we will raise the athletic standard of 
our colleges far above its present status. 

Every true alumnus of "old Bowdoin" 
and our other Maine colleges would like to 
see them take a yet prouder and higher stand 
among the American fraternity. At the pres- 
ent time their great need is more men, not 
more money, as is commonly supposed. For 
if you have the men, the money is bound to 
come. The converse of this, however, is not 
true, as Columbia has proved. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



35 



The experience of Yale, Princeton, Am- 
herst, and others shows that clean and 
successful athletics is the very best way to 
draw good and scholarly men. For the man 
interested in such matters will go where the 
best record is, while the scholar will go where 
he thinks he will receive not only good 
mental training, but also physical culture. 

At the same time Harvard's recent vic- 
tories show that to be successful a college 
must arouse an athletic spirit and enthusiasm 
among its preparatory schools ; and what is 
more important, must have its men come to 
it already trained. At our colleges you find 
any amount of spirit, but you are greatly 
handicapped by having to give your men not 
only the preliminary training but the very 
best interest in athletics. To remedy this we 
must go to the schools that prepare men for 
tiie colleges and arouse there the proper feel- 
ing and also arouse sufficient interest that 
your men may come to you already trained. 
How shall this be done? 

Let us first see what our training schools 
are. President Hyde, as good an authority 
as can be found, has said that the principal 
support of our Maine colleges comes from the 
high schools. Then we must reach them. 
How shall we? 

Harvard graduates eventually brought 
victory to their Alma Mater by putting up 
interscholastic foot-ball and athletic cups. 
This is the most effective and least expensive 
way. However there is one objection. 

Harvard's "feeders" are gathered, to a 
large extent, within a comparatively small 
area and are very large and wealthy ; the 
exact reverse of this is true of our colleges. 
The high schools could not stand the expense 
of exchanging games. 

This throws out base-ball and foot-ball 
contests and obliges us to have the athletic 
contest at some central point and have it 
come off but once a year. Where shall we 
have it? At first thought we would desig- 



nate Brunswick or Waterville, but in careful 
and more mature consideration we are forced 
to say, Augusta. For Portland is too far off 
for the majority and would therefore greatly 
increase the cost to the schools. The same 
objection is true of Bangor. 

Waterville, Brunswick, and Lewiston 
would be objected to on the ground of being 
under the influence of the resident college. 
The annual meeting would be styled a " side- 
show" and it would not receive the united 
support of the principals throughout the 
State, for college feeling would arise. Au- 
gusta is most centrally located, being but a 
few miles from the center of population, as 
determined by Major Michaelis, the expert of 
the committee on the removal of the State 
Capital to Portland, in 1889. Half-fare rates 
could be secured so that it could be easily 
and cheaply reached by all. It has a fine 
park and a good hall so that there would be 
a good chance for the contests. Great in- 
terest would be taken. It would be an inde- 
pendent and neutral location and at the same 
time would be within easy reach of any 
college's influence. 

Besides this we are organizing the Ken- 
nebec Athletic Association at Augusta, which 
will be an excellent body to take charge of 
and supervise the contests, taking a similar 
position with that of the Boston Athletic 
Association in the Interscholastic Meeting 
recently held in Boston. The incorporators 
of the Kennebec Athletic Association are : 
Orville D. Baker, Bowdoin ; Treby Johnson, 
Harvard ; John F. Hill, Walker Gwynne, 
Oxford ; James S. Williamson, Edinburgh 
High, and Bangor Theological ; Byron Boyd, 
Colby ; E. C. Farrington, Percy W. Brooks, 
Bowdoin ; and George V. S. Michaelis, Cony 
High. 

Among those who have signified a wish to 
be members, are : Bowdoin — Melvin S. Hol- 
way, Anson M. Goddard, C. B. Burleigh, 
John V. Lane, Frank L. Staples, L. A. Bur- 



36 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



leigh, and many others ; Colby — W. P. 
Whitehouse, L. C. Cornish, and others; 
Bates — John H. Parsons ; Amherst — C. A. 
Brick, A. W. Brooks, and others : Harvard — 


Over each is spread, like cream, 

Spicy sameness that I call 
Just the same old threadbare theme : — 

Love? Yes, love indeed, that's all. 


W. S. Choate, J. H. Bridge, S. C. iManley, 
R. T. Whitehouse, and others; also a large 
number of Cony High School boys. From 
this it will be seen that it is largely an inter- 
collegiate movement. 

Now what we want is, that every Bow- 
doin, or other Maine college, man interested 
in the welfare of his Alma Mater, will come 
forward and give something for this purpose. 
The Kennebec Athletic Association will prob- 
ably hold an inter-scholastic meeting in the 
late spring. If two hundred and fifty dol- 
lars ($250.00) could be raised for a challenge 
cup to be held for a year by the school mak- 
ing the largest number of points at the annual 


A Day Dream. 

In the forest there, hidden away. 

There's many a secret unknown ; 
But to me they're as plain as the day. 

They are seen by the poets alone. 
Full many a time I have walked 

Where the eyes of mere mortals wei-e blind 
I have seen the air sprites, — I have talked 

With the voices that fly on the wind. 

An elf I saw sitting alone 

In the shade of a century's tree. 
And I heard him sigh and moan 

For the ages that used to be 
When he danced with his elfin band 

In the shadow twixt day and day ; 
But now to a nameless land 

All have fluttered and flown away. 

Then he rose with a cry of despair. 

And waving a last farewell. 
No longer I saw him there ; 

Where he vanished I never could tell. 
But the leaves rustled down from the tree. 

And the dank wind breathed in my face, 
And I knew 'twas my fortune to see 

The last of the fairy race. 

So may often a favored sage 


to the school which has won it the most times 
it would make this annual meeting perma- 
nent, and would make the contests more 
interesting as the general interest grew. 
Send all such sums to the undersigned at 
Augusta. 

GeOEGE V. S. MiCHAELIS, 

Sec'ypro tern Ken. Ath. Asso. 


— • 

The Same Old Threadbare 
Theme. 

Just the same old threadbare theme :— 


Who sits among volumes old, 
Or mid ruins that totter with age. 

Delves alone in the dust and the mold. 
When the mortals around him are blind 

And in ignorance doubt that he sees. 
Glimpses catch of the past, — treasures find 

Like my fancy, my dream if you please. 


Love? Yes, love indeed, that's all. 
Poems on it by the ream. 
Market value doesn't fall. 

Facts and figures quite appall. 

Much that's common, so 'twould seem, — 
There's a pretty girl in all. 

Just the same old threadbare theme. 

Moonlight ride, or love-sick dream, 
Summer hop, or winter ball ; 


May. 

Oh ! beautiful month of May, 

My heart leaps up with a bound 
From depths of joy profound. 

As even thy name I say ! 

Where of late the north wind blew, 
The tempest is now at rest. 
The robin is building his nest, 

And life is beginning anew. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



37 



While the sky is balmy and fair, 

The grass on the hills is springing. 
The songs of the birds are ringing 

Sweet strains on the evening air. 

The bud on the apple bough, 

Its color all but displaying. 

While the branches are gracefully sway- 
ing 
Will soon be a blossom now. 

As result of the earlier showers, 
The willow already is growing. 
The breezes, even, are blowing. 

Sweet with the perfume of flowers. 

With thy charming delightful day. 
In incense wafted along. 
Wreathed with a garland of song, 

Oh ! beautiful month of May ! 



Spring Term. 

Spring term's a time in college life 

By all anticipated, 
Whose charms are glowingly foretold, 

Hence, — eagerly awaited ; 

A time when minds of students run 
In somewhat sportive channels; 

When ten strikes are forgotten quite 
In thoughts of tennis flannels ; 

A time when Freshmen's funds depart 

To buy a tennis racquet 
(Since dealers' terms are " Instant Cash : 

We otherwise might lack it") ; 

A time wherein, on slight excuse. 

There's revelry nocturnal. 
With bonfires, chapel bell, and horns. 

Combined with yells infernal ; 

A time when the bold camera fiend, 

That great immortalizer, 
A maiden seen, prays that he won't 

Too previously surprise her ; 

A time when unto college, throngs 

Of relatives admiring 
Flock to behold his struggles who 

For honors is aspiring ; 

A happy time ! an ideal time ! 

Were not the question whether 
About two-thirds of it is spoiled 

By most curse-worthy weather. 



Almost. 

On the broad breast of the ocean I'm drifting, 
Just as the evening is kissing the day. 
Over my head the soft clouds as they're rifting 
Welcome the crescents' fair silvery ray. 

Through the calm water its clear beams are glowing, 
Reaching the crystalline halls far below. 
Through the dim vistas fair maidens are going. 
Singing their weird songs in tones soft and low. 

On the bright moonbeams a maiden ascending. 
Offers a vision bewitching to see. 
Over her figure the deep waves are bending, 
Out from the foam her hand reaches to me. 

I hasten to clasp it — our fingers are touching. 
The thrill of her spirit entrances me now. 
A fragment of seaweed I'm eagerly clutching — 
Storm-clouds are massing — rain falls on my brow. 

Fiercely the waves roll in billows of whiteness. 
Mournfully howls the wind over the sea. 
Gone is the vision of beauty and brightness. 
Only remembrance is left unto me. 




>o>^%*'- 




A favorite song on the 
streets now is "How Dry 
I Am." 

t^ W. W. Thomas, 2d, '94, has been 

at home sick for the past week. 

Dunn, '90, recently paid a visit to his Alma Mater. 

Morse, '90, visited the college a few days ago. 

Dearth, '87, made a short visit to the college 
lately. 

Card and Shorey, '88, were at the college last 
Saturday. 

Haskell, '94, has just returned to college after a 
short illness. 

Staples, '89, and Rideout, '89, were visitors at 
the college recently. 

Randall, '92, has returned from Washburn, where 
he has been engaged in teaching. 



38 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



W. W. Wingate, lately a special, spent last Sun- 
day with his friends at the college. 

C. Q. Cole, '82, principal of the Bath High School, 
was a visitor at Bowdoin, May 13th. 

Abbott, '92, is at his home in Farmington, where 
he was called by the illness of his father. 

Lazell, '92, has been appointed monitor to keep 
account of the choir attendance in chapel. 

The Seniors have ordered all their Class-Day 
programmes from Dreka, of i'hiladelphia. 

Professor Chapman is to lecture before the Theo- 
logical Seminary Rhetorical Society, at Bangor, 
June 22d. 

The Seniors have decided upon June 6th as the 
day of their class supper. It will be held at the 
Tontine, as usual. 

A quartette consisting of Lord, Pennell, Dana, 
and Lazell is to furnish music for the Seniors' last 
chapel on Ivy Day. 

The Senior examinations are to come June 1st, 
2d, 3d, and "the place thereof shall know them no 
more" until Commencement. 

One of the Bowdoin professors remarked the other 
day as he looked upon the empty seats of the cutters, 
"This is rather a deciduous class." 

Professor Robinson recently made a trip to Augusta 
and obtained samples for analysis of the river water, 
supplied to the city, by the Augusta Water Company. 

The Orient board has voted to send a delegate 
to the meeting of the New England Intercollegiate 
Press Association, May 27th. Hull, '92, has been 
selected as the representative. 

Almost all the shade trees about the campus have 
been trimmed lately. The general improvements 
which have been going on this spring have added 
greatly to the beauty of the campus. 

Mann, Andrews, Lincoln, and Lazell acquitted 
themselves most gloriously at the amateur theatricals. 
May 14th. The entertainment was for the benefit of 
the boys' choir of the Episcopal Church. 

There is a faster in the Biological Laboratory which 
easily discounts Doctor Tanner. It is a turtle, and 
he was fed the other day for the first time for a year. 
He appears healthy and lively in spite of his long 
fast. 

The last Sophomore theme subjects for the term 
are as follows: "A Description of a Ball Game" ; 
"The Advantages of Keeping a Diary" ; "TheLabor 
Troubles in Pennsylvania." All themes are due 
May 27th. 



Prof. — "Why is it that the teeth of savages are 
so white?" Student (who has rather a suspicious 
looking protuberance on the left side' of his cheek) 
— "Don't know." Prof. — "Do you suppose it is 
because they do not chew tobacco?" 

A great many of the students are making arrange- 
ments to go out canvassing this summer. It might 
be well for those who have that intention to practice 
the hundred yards dash, and make other sundry 
preparations for the ordeal. 

The farce, "Jack's Corner," which was recently 
presented at the Congregationalist vestry is to be 
repeated at Freeport soon. E. H. Newbegin, '91, 
will again assume the title rdle, and the rest of the 
oast will be the same as before. 

Professor Hutchins delivered a well-attended lect- 
ure last Wednesday evening on "Photography." 
The lecture gave many practical hints to amateurs, 
and was thoroughly appreciated by the many Bowdoin 
men who are now snap shooting. 

A number of the students went to Bath last Satur- 
day night and witnessed the performance of "Old 
Jed Prouty." After the play many of them had the 
pleasure of witnessing quite a scrap between the star 
and some of the Bath sluggers. 

Professor Robinson has a novel way of giving an 
examination. Every day he gives out a practical 
question in Chemistry, which the student is supposed 
to look up and report on the next day. Deads are a 
most unfrequent occurrence by this method. 

Mr. Crawford will have an excellent array of 
talent here for the Commencement Concert. Miss 
Alice Wentworth, of Boston, has been engaged as 
soprano. For a tenor soloist Mr. Crawford is trying 
to secure Campanini, the wonderful Italian singer. 

And now it is the Freshman who has got into hot 
water. A number of that persuasion were summoned 
before the President recently for alleged maltreat- 
ment of one of the recitation rooms. It is understood i 
that quite a sum will be required to cover the damage. J 

The papers which are being read in Political " 
Economy and Sociology are proving most entertain- 
ing and instructive. Once in a while some weird 
idea is sprung, or some conclusive syllogism read, 
which rather varies the programme and keeps up 
[he interest. 

Howard, '93, is to teach the Grammar School at 
Pembroke this spring, taking the place of W. W. 
Poor, '91, who has been promoted to the principal- 
ship of the High School. Russell, '89, who has had 
charge of the school, has been obliged to resigU'On 
account of ill health. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



39 



The minstrel show still continues to thrive under 
Mr. Mitchell's direction. A number of rehearsals 
have already been held at the Town Hall, and every- 
thing is moving on in the best possible manner for 
success. June 4th will surely be a gala day for 
Bowdoin burnt cork artists. 

Twenty-three Seniors assembled in Memorial 
Hall last Thursday afternoon to compete for the ex- 
temporaneous composition prize. Ten subjects were 
given out, four of which were discarded. From the 
remaining six the subject drawn was "The New 
Orleans Massacre and the Action of the Grand Jury." 

It is here at last — 92's Bugle. It came some time 
in the night, and was smuggled to the campus. The 
Bugle is considered by everybody as one of the best 
annuals ever gotten out at Bowdoin, and the class 
of '92 may well feel gratified with the publication. 
The work was done by the Lakeside Press of Portland, 
and is surely a credit to the printers. 

Bowdoin was well represented at the Civil Service 
examination at Portland, last Wednesday. Fish and 
Riley, '91, took the patent office examinations, Jarvis, 
'91, the general department, and Dennett, '90, the 
marine service. Uncle Sam can find no better men 
to help him carry on the affairs of the nation than 
those at the Brunswick institution of learning. 

The election of reading-room officers for the en- 
suing year occurred last Saturday. The following is 
the choice : President, Linscott, '92 ; Manager, Jones, 
'93 ; Directors, Lee, '92, Stacy, '92, Plaisted, '94. There 
are now thirty-six regular papers taken by the asso- 
ciation, three of them, Public Opinion, the Bangor 
Commercial, and tlie Springfield Eepublican, having 
been added during the year. 

Bowdoin boasts of one Freshman who suffers from 
an abnormal appetite. It is actually painful to see 
him eat. A few days ago he went to Lewiston and 
stopped at one of the leading hotels. When he of 
the appetite began to rattle off his order, the pretty 
waitress began to grow alarmed. As the unrelent- 
ing fellow continued, the poor girl actually was 
obliged to ask for a pencil and paper to record the 
order. " Well," said the '94 man, "in order to save 
the trouble of writing it down, just bi'ing in the whole 
bill of fare." 

Professor Lee went to Rockland last week to make 
additional arrangements for the Labrador expedition. 
The vessel which has been chartered is the Julia A. 
Decker. It is said that she is a finely appointed 
craft, and is well fitted for the use to which the Bow- 
doin scientists will put her this summer. All those 
who intend to be a part of the expedition are looking 



forward to a grand time and lots of glory this summer. 
The affair is attracting quite an amount of attention 
outside the college, and the applications to accompany 
Professor Lee have been very numerous. 

There was a fire Wednesday night after the Bow- 
doin victory over Colby. The result was that Bruns- 
wick has one photograph studio less. The fire was 
under good headway when the bells began to ring. 
When the tire laddies with their trucks came upon the 
scene, they found a goodly sized aggregation on 
hand to witness them "play the hose." And they 
did play the hose, and they wet almost every one 
within a radius of fifty feet, whether he had on his 
best clothes or not. But at last the iiames gave 
way to the fierce attacks made upon them by the 
Brunswick fire department. The morning sun of 
Thursday looked down upon a mere mass of charred 
embers, all that remained of the once familiar 
building. 

Bowdoin boasts of a most fastidious class of Fresh- 
men, but the king among them has been found. 
The particular member of '94 in question is an in- 
habitant of the city of Bath, and made up his mind 
last Sunday to visit his paternal mansion. Accord- 
ingly he wended his way to the station, but, — unlucky 
moment, — he happened to glance at his trousers and 
discovered that they were not creased just right, or 
something of the sort. The discovery weighed so 
upon him that he determined to go to his room and 
change them. He did it, and in the meantime the 
train came and went. Here was a predicament, 
nine miles from home and only his two legs to get 
him there. But the brave Freshman started on his 
weary waj', and during the course of time reached 
the haven of rest. He is now fully determined to 
dispose of all his trousers except one pair. 



BASE-BALL. 

Bowdoin, 23; Oolby, 6. 

Wednesday, May 13th, the Bowdoin and Colby 
teams crossed bats for the second time, and sweet 
revenge did the Bowdoins take for their defeat of 
Saturday. Spring was in the box for Bowdoin and 
pitched the best game seen here this season, only 
four hits being made off' him in the first eight 
innings. The Bowdoins hit the ball as they pleased 
and soon batted Whitman out of the box, while 
Barnes, his successor, could do little better. 

Bowdoin placed six runs to her credit in the first 



40 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



inning, and from that time to tiie end of the game 
the result was never in doubt, for in only three 
innings did slie fail to score. On the other hand 
Foster was the only one who fathomed Spring's 
delivery, and until the ninth inning Colby only 
scored two runs, but then added four more on a 
lucky bunching of hits and an error. The eighth 
inning witnessed one of the most contemptible tricks 
ever seen in a ball game on the Delta. Hilton was 
on third base, and started for home on Savage's 
grounder, which was fielded to Parsons at the home 
plate. Parsons, at the time, was standing several 
feet from the base and dropped the ball just as 
Hilton slid directly at his feet. Parsons fell on him 
and deliberately held him down, at the same time 
motioning to the pitcher to get the ball and put 
Hilton out. At this instant, however, Fish dropped, 
apparently from the clouds, on Parsons' neck, and 
compelled him to release Hilton, who scored. 

For Bowdoiu Downes made a neat double play 
unassisted, and Packard, Fish, and Hilton showed 
up well in the field, while Hilton, Tukey, and 
Hutchinson led the batting. Hall carried off 
the fielding honors of the day for Colby, making a 
phenomenal one-hand catch of a fly ball in deep 
center field. The score : 

BOWDOIN. 

A.E. R. E.H.T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Packard, 2b 6 1 2 3 4 3 

Fish.c 7 2 11 i 3 1 

Downes, lb 5 4 1 114 1 

Allen, 3b., ........5 4 2 2 2 2 2 

Tukey, c.f., . 6 3 4 5 

Hutchinson, s.s 7445011 

Hilton, l.f., 7 3 4 g 2 1 

Savage, r.f 5 1 1 

Spring, p., 5 2 1 1 7 1 

Totals 53 23 19 24 27 18 6 

COLBY. 

A.E. E. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Parsons, c, 3 2 6 2 

Kallooh, r.f., 5 1 1 1 2 1 1 

Foster, l.f., 5 3 4 4 3 

Bonney, lb 4 1 1 1 6 2 

Lombard, s.s., 5 1 3 2 

Hoxie, 2b., 3 1 3 1 

Latlip, 3b., 3 1 1 1 2 

Hall, c.f 3 1 1 1 5 2 

Whitman, p., 1 1 

Barnes, p., 3 1 1 1 1 5 

Totals 35 6 8 9 27 17 11 

Innings, 123456789 

Bowdoin, ...... 62505014 0-23 

Colby, 10010000 4—6 

Earned runs— Bowdoin, 7. Two-base hits— Packard, 
Tukey, Hutchinson, Foster. Three-base hit— Hilton. 



Stolenbases— Bowdoin, 5; Colby, 2. Double-play — Downes 
Bases on Balls— Packard, Downes 2, Allen 2, Tukey, Savl 
age. Spring, Parsons, Bonney, Latlip. Hit by pitched, 
ball— Parsons, Hoxie. Passed balls— Parsons, 1; Fish, 1. 
Wild pitches— Spring, 2; Whitman, Barnes, 2. Time of 
game — 2 hours 30 minutes. Umpire — Pushor. 

Bowdoin, 13; Lewiston, 6. 
Thursday, May 14th, Bowdoin defeated the 
Lewistons in an interesting game. Plaisted pitched 
for Bowdoin, and until the last inning the Lewistons 
could do nothing with his delivery. Bowdoin played 
well in the field and hit the ball hard and often, 
while the Lewistons put up a very ragged fielding 
game. At the end of the eighth inning the score was 
13 to 6 in favor of Bowdoin. In the first of the ninth, 
after Lewiston had made five runs, the Bowdoins 
were compelled to leave to catch the train, the score 
reverting to the eighth. 

Innings 12 3 456789 

Bowdoin 31006300 x— 13 

Lewiston 20001030 x— 6 

Base-hits— Bowdoin, 12; Lewiston, 4. Errors — Bowdoin, 
4; Lewiston, 17. Earned runs— Bowdoin, 1. Two-base, 
hits— Tukey, H. Lezotte. First base on errors — Bowdoin, 
15; Lewiston, 3. Lefton bases — Bowdoin, 10; Lewiston, 6. 

Bowdoin, 16; Presumpscot, 1. 
May 20th the team defeated the Presumpscots on 
their home grounds in one of the strongest ^ames a 
Bowdoin team ever played. Only one error was 
made by our team and their batting was terrific, 
sixteen hits including a double, a triple, and a home 
run. Plaisted was in the box for Bowdoin and 
pitched a flne game, allowing the Presumpscots 
only five hits. The game was close and exciting up 
to the fifth inning, where the Bowdoins commenced 
to hit the ball hard, and from that time on the 
Presumpscots were not in it. The batting of 
Packard, who for the second time this year made a 
home run with three men on bases, was the featui-e 
of the game. Considering the amount of work 
they had to do, the Presumpscots played a good 
fielding game. The score follows : 

BOWDOIN. 

A.B. E. B.H. T.B.S.H. P.O. A. E. 

Packard, 2b, 54371240 

Hilton, l.f., 52220100 

Tukey, c.f., 52241210 

Hutchinson, s.s., ....60001210 

Chapman, lb 5 1222600 

Allen, 3b 51220201 

Savage, r.f., 42110100 

Dunning, c, 5 2 2 2 9 3 

Plaisted, p., 4 2 2 2 1 2 10 

Totals 44 16 16 22 6 27 19 1 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



41 



PEESUMPSCOTS 

• A.E. R.3.H. T.B.S.H. P.O. A. E. 

Harmon, c.f. 40000220 

Batchelder, 2b 40120122 

Morton, lb 31110900 

Leighton, p 30111070 

Oilman, 3b 40000321 

Brunei], J., l.f., ....40000300 

Brunell, F., s.s., ....402 3 0122 

Elkins, c, ...... .30000812 

West, r.f., 30000000 

Totals, 32 1 5 7 1 27 10 7 

Innings 123456789 

Bowdoin, 20004160 3—16 

Presumpscots 10000000 0—1 

Double plays— Tukey and Allen. Two-base hits— Pack- 
ard, Batcbelder, F. Brunell. Three-base hit— Tukey. 
Home run — Packard. Bases on balls — Off Leighton, 5; 
oflf Plaisted, 2. Struck out — by Leighton, 5; by Plaisted, 10. 
Time — 1 hour and 45 minutes. Umpire— Clark. 

Bowdoin, 9 ; Colby, 8. 

And still we win. Saturday, May 23d, the Colby 
team made its second appearance of the season in 
Brunswick, and as before returned defeated. 
The game opened badly for Bowdoin, for Colby 
scored three runs on two singles, bases on balls, and 
an error, but after Plaisted struck the side out in the 
second the crowd breathed more freely. Bowdoin 
was unable to score until the third, when three 
unearned runs were scored, Colby scoring one. 

In the fourth Bowdoin added one to her score, 
thanks to a muff of Parsons at the home plate. 
Colby was shut out. 

The fifth inning proved Colby's Waterloo. 
Packard reached first on an error, and by a fine 
slide took second. With one man out Hilton hit 
to center for two bags, Packard scoring. Tukey 
hit safely and stole second, when a fortunate hit of 
Downes brought in both him and Hilton. Allen 
sacrificed, and Hutchinson brought in Downes, 
Savage ilied out to Hall. Score: Bowdoin, 7; 
Colby, 4. 

The next two innings each yielded one run for 
Bowdoin, but fortunate bunching of hits gave the 
Colbys two runs in the sixth, and an unfortunate 
throw by Fish gave them an equal number in the 
seventh. 

In the eighth Packard beat the ball to first and 
by two beautiful slides reached third, but was 
caught at home plate. Colby also failed to score. 

After Bowdoin had been retired in the ninth, 
Colby came to the bat with one run needed to tie 
and two to win. Kalloch was out at first. Foster 
hit safely and was advanced to third by Bonney's 
two-base hit to right field. 



Lombard knocked a slow grounder which was 
thrown to home plate, Foster being forced out by 
Bonney. Instead of leaving the^ diamond, Foster 
interfered with fielding the ball, and Bonney was 
declared out for it by the umpire. 

Plaisted pitched a strong game for Bowdoin, but 
was at times rather wild and gave several bases on 
balls which proved costly. 

Savage made a beautiful catch of a difficult fly in 
right field, and Tukey made several good throws 
from center. The batting of Hilton and Downes 
was hard and timely, while Packard distinguished 
himself by some wonderful slides to second and 
third. 

For Colby Foster, Hall, and Whitman fielded 
their positions well, but the shortstop evidently had 
an oft" day, making several errors which proved 
exceedingly costly. The score follows : 

BOWDOIN. 

A.B. R. B.H. T.B. S.H. P.O. A. E. 

Packard, 2b 52110120 

Fish, c, 5 2 11 5 2 

Hilton, l.f 51250100 

Tukey, c.f., 51110010 

Downes, lb., 52240710 

Allen, 3b 51001501 

Hutchinson, s.s. 50000031 

Savage, r.f, 3 1 1 1 1 

Plaisted, p. 4 1 11 1 

Totals, 42 9 7 12 3 *26 23 5 

COLBY. 

A.B. R. B.H. T.B. S.H. P.O. A. E. 

Parsons, c, 3 3 1 1 1 1 

Kalloch, r.f 32000000 

Foster, l.f., 50330401 

Bonney, lb 4 2 3 4 14 1 

Lombard, s.s 50110147 

Hoxie, 2b. 41000231 

Hall, c.f., 4 4 1 

Latlip, 3b., 30 000001 

Whitman, p., 4 110 15 

Totals, 35 8 9 10 27 14 11 

* Bonney out, Foster interfering. 

Innings 123456789 

Bowdoins 002141100—9 

Colbys, 30100220 0—8 

Earned runs — Bowdoins, 3; Colbys, 1. Two-base hits- 
Hilton, Bonney. Three-base hits — Hilton, Downes. 
Stolen bases-Packard (3), Fish, Tukey, Parsons (5) 
Kalloch (2), Foster, Lombard, Hall. First base on 
balls— Savage, Parsons (2), Kalloch (2), Bonney, Latlip, 
Struck out— Kallock (2), Foster, Hoxie (2), Hall (2), 
Latlip, Whitman (3). Double play— Hoxie, Bonney, and 
Parsons. Passed ball— Fish. Wild pitches— Plaisted, 
Whitman. Time, 2 h. 15 m. Umpire — William Pushor 
of Pittsfield. 



42 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



I 



Percentages of the Nine up to Date. 

PER CENT. OF BASE HITS. 

Packard 400 Hutchinson, . . . .277 

Spring 375 Allen 214 

Tukey, 357 Downes 200 

Hilton 353 Fish 117 

Savage 100 



FIELDING PERCENTAGE. 



.850 
.800 

.692 
.666 



Tukey 1.000 Fish, . . 

Savage 1.000 Hilton, 

Packard 941 Allen, . . 

Downes, 903 Spring, 

Hutchinson 538 



FIELD ATHLETICS. 

Following is a list of the events to be contested 
Field Day: 100-yards dash; 220-yards dash; 440- 
yards dash; J-mile run; 1-mile run; 2-mile run; 
hurdle race ; knapsack race ; three-legged race ; 
standing and running broad jump ; standing and 
running high jump; throwiug hammer; putting 
shot; throwing base-ball; hop, skip, and jump; 
pole vault; mile walk; bicycle race. The usual 
rules will govern the contests. 

Many of the college records are far lower than 
they should be. Last year only one, the 2-mile run, 
was broken, but this year at least two ought to be 
bettered. 

Are we to have a college tennis tournament this 
spring? 



'.B.fl. 



For some time we have felt the need of new 
singing books for the Association room. Not 
because the tunes in the old books are less beautiful 
than they used to be, but because they had become so 
familiar that interest in the singing had almost 
died out. The old hymns into which there should 
have been put so much life and spirit were dragged 
along in the most painful manner, many of them 
reminding one of funeral chants. Now that the new 
books, Gospel Hymns No. 5, have been secured, 
care should be taken to get out of the old ruts. 
If each man who attends the meetings, whether 
his singing ability is great or small, will unite his 
efforts with those of the others, there is no reason 
why we should not have good singing. 

The interest which our Association has taken this 
winter and spring in the Intercollegiate Deputation 
Work will warrant a slight reference to the report 
made at the International Convention two weeks 
ago. The Deputation plan was inaugurated last 



year, and through the efforts of the Maine College 
Associations Hebron, Bridgton, and Fryeburg Acade- 
mies, Kent's Hill Seminary, and Maine Central Insti- 
tute have been visited with very encouraging results. 
Mr. Mott said before the convention "that wherever 
faithfully undertaken, the plan has been of decided 
practical value. It has resulted in a more thorough 
cultivation of the college field, it reacts helpfully on 
he associations to which the men belong, and has 
led a number of men to devote themselves wholly to 
association work." 

Many times we do not appreciate an opportunity 
until it is out of reach, and perhaps not at all. This 
seems to be the case in the past in regard to North- 
field. Each year efforts have been made to get up a 
delegation to attend the Summer School. Last year 
money was appropriated to pay a part of the 
expenses of five or six delegates who intended to 
go. They were going, but all except one haye not 
arrived there yet. Evidently they did not fully 
appreciate what the school means. The conference 
will be held this year from June 27th to July 9th, 
and is expected to be one of the best ever held. At 
least six men ought to go from Bowdoin and find 
out what a good time Mr. Moody can get up, not 
only for Christian training, but also for recreation and 
social enjoyment. 

The following are the chairmen of committees for 
the coming year : Membership Committee, Emery ; 
Religious Meetings, Poore; Finance, Haggett; 
Bible Study, Kimball ; Missionary, Lee ; Neighbor- 
hood, W. O. Hersey; Fall Campaign, Linscott. 



It is reported on good authority that $. A. e. 
exists sub rosa at Princeton. 

At Boston University the Faculty have voted to 
allow work on the college paper, the University 
Beacon, to count as hours in the course, allowing 
four hours per week to the managing editor, and 
two hours per week to each of the assistants. 

At Harvard also the editors on the college papers 
are allowed to count time spent in editorial work as 
equivalent to two hours per week of recitation. 
This appears foolish and unnecessary ; at least it 
would be so here at Bowdoin. A position on the 
Orient in almost every case means simply, that the 
student spends a part of the time which he formerly 
idled away, in literary pursuits. Time enough, and 
more than enough can be found by all if they only 
utilize the odd moments, and extra work of any kind 
is valuable, because while it does not detract from 
the regular studies, yet it gives occupation for hours 
which otherwise would be wasted. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



43 





'36.— Rev. David B. 
1 Sewall will deliver a Me- 

I modal Day address in South Berwick. 

'36. — Ex-Governor Garcelon, who has 
been attending the meetings of the American 
Medical Society at Washington, has returned home 
and is again oif for a trip to Chicago. 

'39. — The Kent's Hill correspondent of the Eastern 
Argus has the following concerning a graduate of 
Bowdoin : " Dr. Allen moved his family to Kenne- 
bunk last week. We are sorry to lose him and his 
family. Kent's Hill Seminary owes as much to the 
Allen family as to any other family. Dr. Allen has 
labored long and faithfully for this school and his 
ripe scholarship and sterling character has wrought 
for us a work not soon to be forgotten." 

'41 and '46. — Ex-Governor Robie, '41, and Hon. 
John A. Waterman, '46, will be the Memorial Day 
orators in Gorham. 

'44._Dr. Wm. Meigs of Quiet Dell Clarksburg, 
West Virginia, who died February 27th, last, was a 
native of Vassalboro, where he was born in 1816. 
He was a graduate of Bowdoin College, 1814, and 
later of the Maine Medical School, and for many 
years served on board a sea vessel as physician and 
surgeon. Later in life he gave up the practice of 
medicine and engaged in the profession of teaching, 
standing at the head among the public educators of 
the middle states. He was a man of firm integrity, 
and esteemed as a gentleman and a scholar by all 
who knew him. 

Medical, '46.— Dr. C. H. Barker, an aged citizen 
of Wayne, died Tuesday, May 18th, from heart 
trouble. Saturday morning he was taken suddenly 
ill and fell to the floor, remaining unconscious 
several hours. He has been a practitioner in the 
town many years. He was a native of Cornish. 

'47. — Exercises were held before the Supreme 
Judicial Court, at Portland, Tuesday, May 12th, in 
memory of Colonel C. B. Merrill. 

'50.— Professor C. C. Everett, of Harvard Univer- 
sity, formerly of Brunswick, was one of the speakers 
at the Browning Club, at a recent meeting. 

'52.— We are sorry to hear of the illness of Gen- 
eral Joshua L. Chamberlain. This sickness was 



caused by wounds received in the war. For the past 
three months General Chamberlain has been unable 
to attend to any business having been kept at his 
home during all this time. He is now getting better 
but is still so far from recovery that he has been 
obliged to cancel his engagement to deliver the 
Memorial Day address in New York. 

'58._Gen. J. P. Cilley is to deliver the Memorial 
address at St. Albans. 

'59.— Dr. Alfred Mitchell, of Brunswick, at a 
recent meeting of Loyal Legion, at Portland, was 
re-elected one of the executive committee of that 
order. 

'61. — Judge L. A. Emery was in town a few days 
ago. 

'61. — Among the class reunions of Bowdoin Col- 
lege Commencement, June 25th, will be that of the 
class of 1861, which will celebrate the thirtieth anni- 
versary of graduation. Edward Stanwood, Esq., 
editor of the YoulKs Comjxmion, is secretary of the 
class, and has just issued his quinquennial card, 
giving names and addresses of the thirty-five sur- 
vivors of the class, which numbered fifty-one mem- 
bers at graduation. The class will meet at Falmouth 
Hotel, in Portland, June 24th, and dine at 5 p.m. 
On the 25th the class will reunite on the old campus 
at Bowdoin and be present at Commencement dinner. 
It may be of interest to the readers of the Orient 
to know the present occupations of the surviving 
members of this class : 

Charles C. Atkins is on the United States Fish 
Commission and resides in Bucksport, Me. 

James B. Cochrane, M.D., is a physician in 
Dover, Me. 

Rev. W. R. Cross is Congregational minister in 
Foxcroft, Me. 

Frank L. Dingley is editor of the Lewiston (Me.) 
Journal. 

W. Winslow Eaton is a physician in Danvers, 
Mass. 

Edwin Emery is in the insurance business in New 
Bedford, Mass. 

Judge L. A. Emery is a lawyer in Ellsworth, Me., 
and a Judge of the Supreme Court. 

Loring Farr is a lawyer in Augusta, Me. 
M. C. Fernald is President of Maine State College 
at Orono. 

Major S. M. Finger is superintendent of public 
institutions in Raleigh, N. C. 

Henry J. Furber is a lawyer in Chicago, 111. 
Benjamin S. Grant is a lawyer in Boston, Mass. 
Judge G. M. Hicks is a lawyer in Rockland. 
F. O. L. Hobson is a manufacturer in Oakland, 
California. 



44 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Charles O. Hunt, M.D., is superintendent of the 
Maine General Hospital in Portland and a"professor 
in the Maine Medical School. 

General Tliomas W. Hyde is a manufacturer in 
Bath/Me. 

Rev. A. H. Johnson is a Congregational minister 
at Clarendon Hills, Mass., and resides at Roslindale, 
Mass. 

George B. Kenniston is a lawyer at Boothbay 
Harbor, Me. 

Hon. E. P. Loring is comptroller of county 
accounts, Boston, Mass. 

Augustus F. Lufkin is a farmer at East Orring- 
ton. Me. 

General S. H. Manning is at present in Levviston. 
We have been unable to ascertain his present occu- 
pation. 

A. S. Packard is a professor in Brown University, 
Providence, R. I. 

Rev. A. D. F. Palmer is a Baptist clei'gyman in 
Plaistow, N. H. 

George L. Pierce, M.D., is a physician in New 
York. 

L. F. Purington is a teacher in Richmond, Me. 

Hon. F. M. Ray is a lawyer in Portland, Me. 

R. A. Rideout is a teacher in Everett, Mass. 

Judge C. B. Rounds is a lawyer in Calais, Me. 

Edward Simonton is a lawyer in St. Paul, Minn. 

Rev. Edwin Smith is Congregational pastor in 
Bedford, Mass. 

H. S. B. Smith is a physician in Middleboro, 
Mass. 

Edward Stanwood is on the editorial staff of the 
ToutKs Companion, Boston, Mass. His residence is 
Brookline, Mass. 

Prof. Geo. E. Stubbs, M.D., is a physician in 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

John W. Thorp, M.D., is a physician in Oxford, 
N. Y. 

G. M. Thurlow is a manufacturer in Boston, 
Mass. 

S. D. Waterman is a teacher in Berkeley, Cal. 

Ex-'66. — Rev. George Lewis will deliver the 
Memorial Day address in South Berwick. 

'62. — Dr. F. N. Huston, of Rockland, died at his 
home. May 7th, after a short illness. Dr. Huston 
was born in Damariscotta, in October, 1839. After 
graduating from Bowdoin he entered the army as 
second lieutenant of the Twenty-First Maine Regi- 
ment, and by his bravery and loyalty to his country 
was soon promoted to first lieutenant and afterwards 
to captain, in which capacity he acted at the siege of 
Port Hudson, La. After the war he studied medicine. 



attended the Maine Medical School, from which he 
graduated M.D., in 1873, and settled at Rockland. 
He was a very able man and well known throughout 
the State. 

Medical, '66. — Among the speakers to be at the 
annual meeting of the Maine Homeopathists to be 
held at Portland, June 2d, is Dr. D. S. Richards. 
His subject is "Obstetrics." 

'71. — At the last annual meeting of the Western 
Somerset County Teachers' Association, held May 
2d and 3d, Mr. Augustine Simmons, of North 
Anson, delivered an address on "Language." The 
Leu'iston Journal says of this : "It was the most 
interesting and instructive discussion of the meeting. 
Many new ideas were suggested and much enthu- 
siasm was evinced on the part of the speaker, on the 
importance of a better drill in language." 

'73. — Dr. D. A. Robinson, of Bangor, has been 
engaged to deliver the Memorial address at Oldtown. 

'75. — At the above mentioned meeting of the 
Western Somerset County Teachers' Association Prof. 
G. C. Purinton, of the State Normal School, gave an 
address on " Words" before a large audience. About 
the same time Professor Purinton delivered a very 
interesting and instructive lecture to the graduating 
class of Anson Academy. 

'80. — A. M. Edwards, formerly superintendent of 
schools in Lewiston, has accepted a similar position 
in Pittsfield, Mass., at a salary of $2,000. After 
leaving Lewiston Mr. Edwards was for a very short 
time superintendent of schools in Falmouth, Mass. 
This city was very loath to part with him and offered 
to increase his salary if he would remain. But 
Pittsfield being a larger place and offering more ex- 
tended opportunities, Mr. Edwards accepted the 
position there. "As Pittsfield is one of the most 
delightful cities in Massachusetts, and has eighty-six 
teachers and thirty-four hundred pupils, Mr. Edwards 
not only gains a pleasant place of residence by the 
change, but also adds something to the laurels of his 
Alma Mater by the acceptance of an offer which was 
a tribute to his undoubted ability as an educator." 

Medical, '81.— The many friends of Dr. W. B. 
Hopkins, who graduated from the Maine Medical 
School in 1881, and whose father, Joseph B. Hopkins, 
lives in Topsham, will be pleased to hear that he is 
meeting with success at Cumberland, Wis., where 
he has established a hospital. — Telegraph. 

'82. — M. F. Corson is teaching in Andover, Me. 

'83. — The Kappa Chapter of Psi Upsilon has re- 
ceived "Mirabeau and the French Constitution in the 
years 1789 and 1790," by Fred M. Fling, it being the 
dissertation presented by him last year to the 
Philosophical Faculty of the University of Leipzig 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



45 



for the degree of Doctor. It was published at 
Ithaca, N. Y., where Mr. Fling resides as an 
instructor ia the historical department of Cornell 
University. 

'85. — L. C. Folsom is at present in business as 
a publisher in Boston, at 196 Summer Street. 

'85. — Rev. John C. Hall has resigned his pastorate 
in Hudson, Mass., to accept a call to the Congrega- 
tional church in Sutton, at a salary of $1,000 and a 
parsonage. 

Medical, '85.— Dr. Daniel P. Driscoll, of Sidney^ 
was elected Vice-President of the Kennebec County 
Medical Association at a recent meeting of that body. 

'85. — Albert Webb Donnell has accepted a posi- 
tion on the editorial staff of the Worcester Daily S'py. 
This paper, established in 1770, is one of the oldest 
published in the United States. 

'89. — Mervin A. Rice has sold his fine Burgess 
yacht Monhegan to parties in New York. 

'89. — Fred C. Russell, on account of ill health, 
has been obliged to resign his position as Principal 
of the Pembroke High School. His place is taken 
by W. W. Poore, '91. 




THE OLD STORY. 
Just a ripple,— see it lightly, gently break 
Where the row-boat leaves a shining wake, 

"Where the moonbeams bright 

Shed a softened light 
On two lovers on the bosom of the lake. 

Just a word,— but it makes the future bright. 
And in memory will linger long this night 

When in accents new 

Love's own message true 
Bids two hearts in links of loving trust unite. 

Just a moment, — but the past forever gone, 
Points to happiness in life's bright golden dawn, 

While the fair young bride 

By her lover's side 
O'er the rippling silvery lake floats gently on. 

— The Brunonian. 



The effects of co-education are very cleai'ly shown 
by the following clipjiings taken from various 
papers : 

To help the boys who frequently go about inquiring 
upon what evening the girls have callers, we append this 
routine: Callers are received from to 7.30 p.m., by girls 
whose last names begin with A, B, C, D, E, F, G, on 
Monday; H, I, J, K, L, M, N, on Wednesday, and so 
forth throughout the alphabet. 

Dr. Bashford's remarks, made at the opening of the 
term, in which he urged upon the young ladies and 
gentlemen the necessity of using more discretion about 
walking together on the streets for pleasure, should be 
heeded by every socially inclined student during the 
coming months. — Ohio Wesleijan. 

Dr. Stetson, President of Des Moines (co-educational) 
has announced that students who fall in love with each 
other during the term are violating one of the college 
rules and are liable to severe discipline. — The Delphic. 

If these difficulties ai'e customary, it seems as 
though the success of co-education must, at least, be 
considered doubtful. 

In another paper, after announcing the elopement 
of a couple of students, the editors go on to say that 
the president of the university is authorized to 
solemnize marriages, and that he requests all 
students having any such intentions to come to him 
rather than go out of town. Evidently Cupid is no 
respecter of places, and is as mischievous amid the 
supposed studiousness of college halls as anywhere. 

A COLLEGE MAN. 
" Are you a college man ? " she said, 

The Freshman laughed for joy, 
"That's what they call me here at Brown ; 
At home I'm but a boy." 

— The Brunonian. 

DIFFERENT. 

HER NOTE. 

" O Jack, you are cruel, I hate you, — there now ! 
Oh how could you write you enjoyed our last row ! " 

HIS NOTE. 

" My dear, what's tiie matter ? I'm sure I don't know. 
Pray, is it a sin to enjoy our last row ? " 

The Faculty at Brown proposes to change the 
academic year from three terms to two. It also 
proposes to abolish the Senior vacation in the early 
summer, on the ground that the example of idle 
Seniors is pernicious to the rest of the college. 

The Cornell Senior class selected Robert G-. 
IngersoU to deliver the annual address before the 
Law School, but the Faculty have vetoed the choice. 

Among fifty-one men in scholarship divisions at 
Bowdoin, twenty-one are leading athletic men, 
eighteen are those doing some athletic work, and 
twelve are those doing no athletic work. — Ex. 



46 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



The Freshman class at Princeton has put itself 
on record against hazing, and has voted to give a 
banquet to the incoming class next fall. 

We beg leave to present the latest, and we hope 
the last, spasm of the spring poet, taken, by the 
way, from a University paper. It is so unique and 
touching it surely cannot fail to reach every one and 
cause emotion in every heart. 

SPRING. 
Oh, thou blest season of the year. 

More blessed for the joys you bring; 
All things grow into beauty. 

At thy approach, O beautiful Spring. 

The student as he toils at his studies 

And strives to accomplish some thing 
Will work a great deal better, 
At thy arrival, O beautiful Spring. 

Some of the Colby Faculty who have an interest 
in the national game and particularly the success of 
the Colby nine, have offered a prize of ten dollars to 
the member of the ball team making the most runs 
this year. 

THE HIGH SCHOOL GIRL. 

FIKST YEAR. 

An up-to-a-trick young girl, 
A dreadfully quick youug girl, 

A foolish, a pretty, 

A terrible witty, 
A full-of-old-nick young girl. 

SECOND YEAR. 

A thinfcs-she-is-fair young girl, 
A frizz-up-her-hair young girl, 

A pert and a frisky, 

A too-very risky, 
A " what-shall-I-wear ? " young girl. 

THIRD YEAR. 

An awfully cool young girl, 
A break-every-rule young girl, 

A too-old-to-flirt, 

A tie-back-her-skirt, 
A queen-of-the-school young girl. 

Within a circle of 100 miles in South Carolina 
are four schools and colleges, one having 300 pupils, 
another having 400, another 650, and another 900, 
all engaged in fitting colored people for teaching 
and other professional pursuits. 

They had a quarrel and she sent 

His letters back next day. 
His ring and all his presents went 

To him without delay. 

" Pray send my kisses back to me," 

He wrote, " Could you forget them ? " 
She answered speedily that he 

Must come himself and get them. 



Three hundred and twenty students at Wellesley 
have petitioned the managers of the 1893 World's 
Fair to close the fair on Sundays. 

The Rejected Manuscript Club is the name of a 
vigorous and pushing literary club at Williams. It 
has been in existence nearly two years. 

Mrs. J. B. Lippincott has given $10,000 to found 
an alcove of recent American and English literature 
in the library of the University of Pennsylvania. 



W. ALLEN, 

—w^ 

Druggist and Apothecary, 

Brunswick, Maine. 




For a Perfect Fitting Pair 

Spectacles or Eye Glasses 



When in Portland, visit 



E. S. PENDEXTER, 



561 Congress Street, 

PORTLAND, ME. 



Oculists' Prescriptions Promptly 
and Accurately Filled. 



Corner Main and Centre Streets, 

BRUNSWICK, ME. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Vol. XXI. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE-, JUNE 10, 1891. 



No. 4. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 

PUBLISHED EVERY ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY DURING 
THE COLLEGIATE YEAR BY THE STUDENTS OF 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE. 

EDITORIAL BOARD. 

E. A. PuGSLEY, '92, Managing Editor. 

J. C. Hull, '92, Assistant Managing Editor. 

H. C. Fabyan, '9.'!, Business Manager. 

F. V. GuMMEB, '92. M. S. Clifford, '93. 

J. B. F. HoDGDON, '92. C. W. Peaeody, '93. 

H. W. Kimball, '92. H. E. Andrews, '94. 

F. W. PiCKARD, '94. 

Per annum, in advance, $2.00. 

Single Copies, 15 Cents. 

Extra copies can bo obtained at the book.5tores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Editor. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Com. 
munications in regard to all other matters should he directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary arlicles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Rhyme and Reason Department should be 
sent to Box 951, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal notes should be sent to Box 950, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Po3t-Otfice at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 

CONTENTS. 

Vol. XXI., No. 4.— June 10, 1891. 

Editorial Notes, 47 

Ivy Day 48 

Oration, 49 

Poem, 52 

Presentations and Responses, 53 

Ivy Ode, 59 

Miscellany: 

Electives 59 

Collegii Tabula, 60 

Athletics, 61 

Pbrsonal 63 




Owing to press of matters during 
Field Day and Ivy Day, we have delayed this 
issue of the Orient till a later day in the 
week than the one on which it regularly 
appears. 

TVrE HAVE not yet mentioned tlie fact 
■*^ that '92's Bugle is out, yet such is the 
fact and has been for several days. The book 
is selling first-rate, and is receiving much 
favorable comment. Nearly 150 copies of it 
have already been sold to students outside of 
the class of '92. This fact is one of the very 
best indications of the quality of the publi- 
cation. The work is bound in crimson and 
white, the class and college colors. It con- 
tains 191 pages, 169 of which are filled with 
biography, history, poetry, narration, together 
with apt quotations, choice selections, statis- 
tics, news, etc., etc., etc. The book also con- 
tains several full-page pictures of groups of 
athletes and athletic teams, together with 
many other pictures of varying interest and 
significance. The volume measures seven by 
eleven inches, and is, therefore, in size and 
shape much like '90's publication. Altogether, 
it is a book which is sure to arouse interest 
and give pleasure to any one who may look 
it through or peruse its pages. The price of 
the book is $1.00. 



48 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



WE HAVE filled much of the space of this 
number of the ORIENT with the Ivy-Day 
parts thus excluding nearly everything else. 
We have done this thinking it not only the 
best thing to do as a matter of interest to the 
majoritj- of the readers of the paper, but also 
as a matter of record. Quite frequently it 
happens that one wishes to know later on in 
his course the character of the parts of Ivy 
Day. By having the parts themselves in his 
Orient, one is immediately able to gratify 
his wish if he has preserved his paper. 



Ivg ®ag. 



IT HAS been thought best by the Faculty, 
who we believe have the true interests 
of the college at heart, that each man 
should make his choice of electives for 
the next year, at the present time. The 
reason for this is that very likely some new 
instructors will have to be secured for the 
coming year, and by knowing just what ones 
will be needed, those having the matter in 
charge will be enabled to act intelligently and 
save expense to the college. By pursuing 
this policy we shall get strong men in tiie 
places where we need them and weaker ones 
in places where they will answer the purpose 
just as well. Besides this the new arrange- 
.ment will cause men to look ahead, take more 
time, and consider the v/hole subject of elec- 
tives better than they otheiwise would. The 
policy seems to have good grounds for its 
adoption and will doubtless give satisfaction 
to all. In another column we print lists of 
the men taking the various electives. 



President Andrews of Brown University 
has introduced a new scheme for marking 
the Senior class in Psychology. The class is 
to choose eight or ten men, who will mark 
every recitation during the term. This mark- 
ing will be averaged, and the averages thus 
obtained will be the marks of the class for 
the year. 



FRIDAY, June 5th, the day appointed for 
the Ivy exercises of the class of '92, 
dawned fair and bright and continued so 
from morn till eve, a thing not often recorded 
in Bowdoin annals. It is needless to say 
that the heart of every Junior was filled with 
gladness at the sight, for long had each one 
waited for this day, when his friends should 
be about him and his sweetheart before him, 
all the time hoping that it might be just such 
a day as it really was. The pleasures of the 
day begun with a ball game in the forenoon, 
between the Dover (N. H.) club and the 
college team. Although the college nine did 
not succeed in keeping very close to their 
opponents in the score, still there was just 
enough interest in the game to tone every 
one up for the festivities later on. The 
exercises in Memorial Hall were set for 3 
o'clock P.M., and as that hour drew near 
the hall was rapidly filled with a fine 
audience. At the appointed time the Juniors 
in cap and gown, with Mr. H. R. Gurney as 
marshal, came in in the usual manner, making 
a fine appearance as they moved up the 
central aisle. The exercises, consisting of a 
prayer, oration, poem, and five presentations 
and responses, were opened without delay, 
and, judging from the expressions of approval, 
were thoroughly enjoyed by friends and citi- 
zens alike. The following named men were 
the recipients of the tokens of regard from 
the class. Mr. H. R. Smith as the Pious 
Man of the class, received the class bible 
('92's Bugle}. Mr. H. F. Linscott, as the 
Class Runt, received a bean pole, very tall 
and finely decorated. Mr. J. F. Hodgdon, as 
the Tourist of the class, received a valise, 
ample enough for all purposes. Mr. 0. M. 
Pennell, as the Freak of the class, received a 
bird-cage ; and Mr. R. F. Bartlett, the Popu- 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



49 



lar Man (and this in reality) received the 
wooden spoon. At the close of the exer- 
cises the class marched out of the hall and 
gathered around the spot where the ivy was 
to be planted, on the eastern side of Memo- 
rial. The proceedings here were brief but 
impressive. The Curator was first presented 
with the tiowel by the President of the 
class. The vine was then placed in the soil, 
and after the singing of the Ivy Ode the 
Curatoi', succeeded by each member of the 
class, placed his trowelful of earth about its 
roots. With this done and the Ivy Hop in 
the evening over, the class of '92 closed out 
the red-letter day in its calendar in a way 
which must be remembeied with pleasure by 
every member of it. 



Immediately after the Junior exercises, 
the Seniors' last chapel took place. It was 
the same old, simple, beautiful proceeding 
that has been witnessed so many times before, 
but which, with all its sameness, appears to 
gain in freshness, interest, and meaning with 
each year. After the reading of the scrip- 
tures, a hymn by a selected quartet and an 
earnest prayer by the President, the class of 
'91 formed in the aisle and as the swelling 
notes of " Auld Lang Syne " rose on the air, 
all felt that another class had touched the 
goal, that they had reached the highest point 
on the chapel aisle which any class may 
reach, and that they were now, in a few 
minutes, moving back again out of the chapel, 
over the seventy feet of floor which it had 
taken four years to pass in the upward 
course, out of college into the busy, thronging 
crowds of active men. The other classes, 
according to custom, met them at the door, 
and the Seniors, passing between the lines, 
stopped at the end and gave three cheers for 
the classes left behind. The class never 
showed better in all its history than on this 



occasion, nearly all of its members being 
present and taking part. 

Below we print the Ivy-Day parts in 
the order of their occurrence, with such 
explanations and references in regard to the 
responses as in the absence of the President's 
remarks seem necessary in order that the 
point of application in each case may clearly 
appear. We should be glad to publish the 
remarks of the President, Mr. H. C. Emery, 
but are unable to do so as they were of an 
extemporaneous nature. In the place of the 
remarks themselves, however, we will say 
that they were in entire harmony with the 
occasion and a crgdit to the gentleman 
making them, being in each instance right to 
the point, well flavored with humor, and of 
just the right length to gather the attention 
of the audience and throw it upon each of 
the men whom he addressed. 

ORATION — OUGHT WE TO HAVE A 

NATIONAL UNIVERSITY? 

By E. A. PuGSLEY. 

With the ah-eady large expenditure of public 
money for the support of education, together with 
a continually increasing number of princely gifts 
by wealthy men for the same purpose, it may seem 
to be almost an impropriety to urge upon the public 
notice the necessity for a national university. But 
the necessity nevertheless exists, as is shown by the 
requirements of the various phases of our national 
development. 

It must be plain to the most casual observer that, 
while the common schools lead up to the colleges, and 
the smaller colleges in some degree, lead up to the 
larger ones, yet our educational system is imperfect 
and devoid of symmetry. It has many strong 
and healthy members, but no culminating point 
worthy of itself. It has no strong, well-balanced, 
shapely head. No one of our present institutions of 
learning can be called an authority on matters of public 
instruction, or national in its bearings upon the 
culture of the people, and we may also add no one 
of them ever can become so with the present methods 
of their formation and endowment; firstly, for the 
reason that so rapid is the growth of the country, 
and so accustomed are men to distribute their wealth 



50 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



among them, that the one standing in the first place 
to-day may be compelled to stand in the second 
place to-nioiTOW, and secondly, for the reason that 
an agreement upon some one of their number as a 
standard, and therefore national in its character, to 
which all the others shall look as being their superior 
and their guide, is forever precluded by the jealous 
care with which each one of these venerable estab- 
lishments guards its dignity and reputation. 

But here arises the question : Is this superior or 
head needed? Are not the colleges of the country 
sending out just as good men as could be sent out from 
a national university, or, in fact, as good as can be 
sent out from any school any wliere ; and if they are, 
why have a great national school for the s-dke of 
mere symmetry ? 

No one will attempt to deny the excellence of 
the work which the colleges have done in the past, 
or of that which, under proper conditions, they are 
litely to do in the future, nor is it easy to overestimate 
their influence at all times on the daily life of the 
people. They are adorned with galaxies of names, 
many of which are among the most illustrious in the 
world : they have been the homes of the religion and 
morality of our ancestors for more than two hundred 
years : they have been the anchors which have held 
within proper bounds the tremendous energies let 
loose by the freedom of the country : they have 
been the mints which have coined the thought 
bullion of the American Continent into serviceable 
ideas, which, circulating from mind to mind, have 
enriched every dweller in the land. They are all 
these at the present hour. They must still continue to 
exist. But, while they may be all these things, they 
have no right to a faulty or unnatural existence. It 
is in order that they may still survive as instruments 
of usefulness that they should all find a superior in 
some institution, founded and controlled by the 
national government, which shall be to them a legit- 
imate head. 

A thorough and complete plan of mental training 
comprises, according to those best fitted to judge, 
three grades of schools — the fitting schools, the 
colleges, and the universities. The first two of these 
we already have, but the third is almost wholly lack- 
ing. This lack is giving rise to certain tendencies in 
the colleges which are wrong. In order, therefore, 
that the colleges may continue to fulfill their proper 
function in our social system, these tendencies must 
be checked, and they can be checked only by 
completely removing their causes. These causes 
are a demand for things which the colleges cannot 
readily furnish, and the great rivalry among them 
as to which shall have the longest curriculum, the 



greatest number of students, and the strongest 
corps of professors. 

In attempting to meet this demand, and because 
of the rivalry among themselves, the colleges are 
gravitating away from the men of common opportu- 
nities and abilities, and leaving them to a lower 
grade of citizenship, and to a narrower field of 
usefulness. Yet these men are the very ones who are 
doing the great mass of the business of the country, 
at the present time, and who, above all others, need 
the training which these institutions can give. 

The colleges have been raising their requirements 
year after year just as though each generation of 
men possessed an increment of intellectual power 
beyond that of its predecessor, and this process has 
been going on so long that now, at their entrance 
examinations, men are expected to know much more 
than the candidates for admission fifty years ago. 
This, of course, means either that the young men of 
lo-day are abler than those of fifty years ago, or else 
that the age of admission has increased. This last 
state of aff'airs is the fact. If now this process of 
raising requirements is to be kept up we shall soon 
see men just finishing their preparation for college 
when they hear the call to enter heaven ; or it may be 
that the fitting will have to be finished in the future 
world. Realizing this fact the president of the oldest 
and largest educational establishment in the country 
has already urged a shortening of the college course, 
in order that students may get into active life earlier 
than they can now do. 

The matter of raising requirements, however, 
would not be so pernicious as it now is if the shutting- 
out process stopped at the colleges. It does not do this. 
The higher requirements in the colleges necessitates the 
raising of the grades in the common schools, and here is 
where the greatest evil is found. The boy of mediocre 
ability or slow development is forced to pursue a 
course of study beyond his power or else he is com- 
pelled to lose caste by falling back into a lower class, 
or else as a final resort he is compelled to leave the 
school entirely ; and this last is just the thing he does. 
Such a result can find no justification and is diamet- 
rically opposed to the true interests of our political 
system. 

As a result of this weeding-out process, as it is 
called, but more properly of this harnessing of the 
public schools to the colleges, and letting the facul- 
ties of these institutions, without any unity of action 
or any responsibility to any government, arrange 
schemes of study at will and set the intellectual pace 
at which the youth of the nation must travel, the 
brilliant lads get most of the training, while the dull 
ones get little or none at all. The rapidity with 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



51 



which classes dwindle as they go up the grades of 
the public schools, is an unimpeachable testimony to 
this fact. 

Now, the opposite of all this should be the result 
sought for as far as is possible. The brilliant lads 
will grow up into useful and intelligent citizens with- 
out much aid, but those with only a limited mental en- 
dowment must be carefully and patiently trained, and 
the courses of study in the schools must be set with 
them as one of the chief considerations if they are 
ever to arrive at an adequate knowledge of their duties 
to the nation and to themselves. They should be held 
in the schools as long as possible, with nothing to 
humiliate them or make them afraid. By our present 
methods we are educating extremes in men rather 
than means, and in consequence are turning out too 
many citizens whose reasonings are on a par with 
those of the ordinary striker or of the New Orleans 
grand juryman. 

It is evident that this condition of affairs ought to 
be corrected, and many men are coming to believe 
that the third part of the theoretical system must be 
had in order that this may be done. A great national 
university, confining its work to the upper branches 
and furnishing ample opportunities for original in- 
vestigation and research and calling to itself the 
ablest scientists, linguists, lawyers, and physicians 
to use all of its advantages without expense, would 
make a most admirable third or ultimate department. 
Such an institution would relieve the colleges of 
many of their difficulties by taking away some of the 
higher subjects in their courses and thus allowing 
them to be less exacting in the fitting schools. As a 
result the whole educational system would spring out 
into a more natural and healthy condition, become 
stronger, and take on a national aspect. The rivalry 
among the colleges would then largely cease of itself 
or could be easily legislated out of existence, for 
their courses would naturally end where the national 
courses would begin. The colleges could then teach 
the subjects left to them far better than they are now 
taught, and their degrees would then be worth some- 
thing and mean something definite. 

But the effect that a national university would have 
upon our school system in furnishing relief is not the 
only reason why it should be established. A founda- 
tion of this kind would be a center where men sur- 
rounded with all possible advantages would be en- 
couraged to do work solely for the advancement of 
knowledge itself, and the connection of the school 
with the state would give to that work and to the 
men who do it, character, strength, and dignity 
abroad. We, in the estimation of the world, 



are strong as to warriors, statesmen, and financiers, 
but we ai'e not so considered as to scholars. We 
have no great authoritative names of our own 
production like those of Newton, Harvey, Leverrier, 
and Pasteur, connected with our intellectual 
achievements. Yet we must have such men as 
these before we can truly claim to be an enlight- 
ened people and hence worthy of leadership on the 
Western Continent. A national university could and 
would give such men to us. That we do not now 
possess them is not the fault of the American intel- 
lect. We cannot secure them by sending persons to 
Europe for instruction. Such men come back to us 
with too much that is not of us. These men may 
indeed win reputation and authority after having 
returned and late in life while dwelling in their own 
land, but that reputation and authority are always 
instantly ascribed to foreign influence because of 
what was learned abroad, and the men themselves 
are marked as foreigners to the extent of their rep- 
utation and authority. The only true way to get these 
men is to rear an institution in our own land which 
shall surpass those in every other; then the hundreds 
of our brightest students now going out of the 
country every year for educational advantages will 
remain at home, develop into scientists and linguists 
of the highest type on our own soil and give to the 
nation a scholarship purely American. 

To continue one step further — and there are many 
that might be taken — beyond the fact that we should 
have this school as a corrective for our educational 
system, and beyond the fact that we should have it to 
train up and give character to our scholars, there lies 
another potent reason for its formation. We have an 
obligation to perform to the system of government 
which we have instituted and which has been copied 
far and wide. This obligation is to see that that 
form of government is preserved wherever it has 
been established. In order to do this we should fur- 
nish an opportunity to all the students of the Western 
World to study in some country having the same 
political system as their own, and this opportunity 
should be as comprehensive as any in the world. At 
present we are the only nation able to furnish such an 
opportunity. If thousands of students shall continue 
to cross to Europe every year for instruction, and 
they will certainly do so if they do not find things 
to their liking at home, it will not be many years 
before the seeds of European society will be 
thoroughly sown among us, and a growth of foreign 
manners and customs will be springing up upon us 
and choking out the simplicity, manliness, and 
independence of our daily lives. 



52 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



We are at present cultivating closer relations 
with the republics of the South by the establishment 
of steamship lines, canals, and railroad systems, 
hoping that all parties may be benefited thereby. 
And this is well. But shall we neglect to establish 
that one other thing which shall be not only of ines- 
timable advantage to ourselves, but which may in 
time become the very basis of national amity in the 
Western World, and which shall enable steamships 
and railroad trains to bear to and fro not only the 
various articles of merchandise, the interchange of 
which may increase the material gains of the people 
engaged, but also thousands of men, who, coming to 
our institutions and learning in them, shall return and 
spread the true principles of liberty, union, equality 
and happiness through all the southern latitudes ? 

IVY POEM. 
By F. V. GuMMER. 
Once Socrates, returning from an absence long 
At Potidsea, where fought the warriors fierce and 

strong. 
Gave little heed to questions of the eager throng ; 

His thought was not of slaughtered men, of warfare 

grim. 
But of a care of deeper import yet to him, 
As anxiously he aslied, "The young men, what of 

them ? " 

The young men, helpful, hopeful, eager, quick to 

try. 

The young men, where the hopes of nations lie. 
For when the sources fail, the flowing stream runs 
dry. 

And down the ages still that question plainly rings. 
It speaks to patriot hearts, to emperors and kings ; 
It claims reply from each of us and this we bring. 

Our Ivy Day is partial answer to the sage, 
Proving a class that represents those of the age 
Who have a line to write in History's thrilling page. 

We hear the tramp of valiant legions gone before us. 
About to die, they turn, salute us and assure us 
That life is real. Their guardian spirits hover 
o'er us. 

And to the ever-lengthening host we're drawing 

nigh, 
About to live, to conquer, not to vainly die ; 
Victuri Saluiamus is our battle cry. 



Twas that sad season of the aging year 

When Summer's gorgeous robes are cast away 



And spurned beneath the feet like wedding gear 
Of bride deserted after one short day ; 

When chilling blasts from leaden skies presage 
Grim Winter's reign, the Northman's heritage, 

When the low coursing sun too quickly spans 
Our world to herald day in other lands ; 

That through a city's crowded thoroughfare 

A maiden wandered far at eventide. 
Scarce knowing that her slender form was there. 

The people jostled her from side to side. 

Her tattered clothing of the humblest kind 
Was ill prepared to shelter from the wind, 

That rudely plucked with frequent, spiteful blast. 
At all opposing, as it hurried past. 

But on her face of lily purity 

There dwelt by suffering stamped expression 
rare, 
And in the depths of modest, soulful eye 

A holy light as moved the lips in prayer. 

An orphan music girl, whose plaintive air 

Oft checked the hastening footstep, and anon 

Caused hearts to pity and to feel that there 
Was in her life no cause for shame or scorn. 

But sympathy, though felt, was never spoken. 

Indifferent Wealth but tossed some paltry coin 
And hurried on. Oh, cold world, for some token 

Of loving hearts, that kindred mortals join! 

This day, although she'd sung her choicest song, 
Unheeded rose and fell the cadence sweet. 

So wandered she the thoroughfare along. 
Now echoing less to tread of busy feet. 

Until at length, where mansions tall gave place 
To homes of humbler sort, where by the way 

Green grasses grew and Nature's visible face 
Made glad the hearts of ail beneath her sway. 

The maiden sank exhausted, where by chance 
A moss-grown marble block discarded lay. 

Half hid from sight, that had escaped the glance 
Of eye that might the angel there portray. 

And dark despair came down upon that one. 
Blinding the soul to beauteous paths of right. 

In deep distress she cried aloud ; her moan 
Went forth upon the silent air of night : 

"Oh senseless stone! thou'rt not more cold than 
heart 
Of man. Shall I, despised one, have no part 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



53 



Of happiness ? The wicked drink more deep 
Than I of pleasure, and a better harvest reap. 

" Virtue has no reward ; why longer shun 
Evil companions and their ways, that run 
Through shady vales." Thus was she sorely tried 
When slumber came with its resistless tide. 

The moon sailed toilsome through the billowy cloud 
That veiled the sky, save here and there 'twas 
I'lven 
To let some twinkling star gleam through Night's 
shroud. 
As if God's beacon light to guide to heaven. 

And o'er that sleeping form a vision bright 

Appeared : She stood before diverging ways. 

Her choice was made, away from truth and right, 
When, looking up, she met the sorrowing gaze 

Of eyes that knew and read her inmost thought. 

She saw hands beckoning her toward the straight 
And narrow way, with diiBculties fraught; 

She changed her course before it was too late. 

The glorious dawn came on: each glimmering ray 
Of dancing, rosy light, reflected back 

From myriad gems that thickly scattered lay 
On every bended blade, a glittering track. 

'Twas then an artist and an artisan 

Passed by the maiden on her couch of stone ; 

Swiftly throughout the mind of one there ran 
Visions of beauty in the rock alone. 

The other saw the face that, all too well. 

Reposing there, matched the marble white. 

And silently, unseen, the hot tears fell. 

As thought he of tlie chilling autumn night. 

The maid awoke, and, startled, all amaze, 

The form of the proud sculptor met her gaze. 

The curling lip, the doubting, scornful eye 

Made the dread tempter of last night draw nigh. 

But next she saw the workman's kindly look, 
The moistened eye of one who ne'er forsook 

The outcast and unfortunate ; the grief 

Of that poor bleeding heart then found relief. 

The sculptor had the marble block removed 
To where its hidden beauty might be proved ; 

The laborer's home, where many children played. 
Opened its doors to the poor, friendless maid. 



Yet one scene more : A dense and surging throng 
Are met to honor him who stands among 

The masters of his art; whose thoughts sublime 
And magic touch have fashioned for all time 

A beauteous stature, that long years had slept. 

Wrapped in the veil of Nature, who hides with 
care 

Her choicest gifts to all mankind, except 

To him who toils and delves with patience rare. 

And now, as part of public dedication. 

Sweet music's tones ring out upon the air. 

A radiant queen of song, 'mid acclamation, 
Comes forth to charm with purling melody. 

She sings divinely from the heart, the living 
Form of beauty 'side the lifeless stone. 

Breathing her soul through limpid notes and giving 
Fresh inspiration to the sin-sick one. 

And this, the work by other agents wrought 
Than artist's subtle mind or chiselled art — 

There sits, with throbbing breast, though heeded not. 
The humble man whose sympathetic heart. 

When graceful statue and the songstress sweet 
Where crude material, not yet awoke 

To higher destinies, placed wandering feet 

On stepping stones to heights of fame and broke 

The tempter's power. His name may not be known 
'Mong men, but his the praise for good seed 
sown. 

By using gift possessed by all, he wrought 
A nobler work than classic art e'er sought. 

The chisel brought the angel from the stone, 
A beauteous thing for eyes to look upon ; 

The falling tear from kindly human heart 
Awoke a soul. Which was the better part? 

After the oration and poein and a selec- 
tion by the band, the President called atten- 
tion to the fact that while all the members of 
the class were very distinguished, still there 
were a few of the number a little more con- 
spicuous than the others by reason of their 
marked characteristics and peculiar attain- 
ments, and that to these certain articles would 
be presented as testimonials of the high 
esteem in which they were held by the other 
members of the class, The Pious Man of the 



54 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



class, Mr. H. R. Smith, was then called up 
and in appropriate words was presented with 
the class bible (^'92's Bugle). Mr. Smith 
responded as follows : 

Ye do well, Mr. President, and Fellow-class- 
mates, to call me pious who have received my piety 
from all the three, sources of which that gigantic 
mind of Shakespeare ever conceived. Well may ye 
call me pious whose every line of male ancestry, 
traced back even for ten generations, has been com- 
posed either of lawyers or ministers, titles which are 
the very symbols of Godliness, of all divine virtues. 

Well may ye ascribe to me this supreme quality, 
to me whose parental teaching and training, often 
too'ether with the ever eflBcient aid of the animating 
shingle, has ever from my infancy tended to imbue 
my soul and impress my mind with respect and love 
for all that is good, moral, and divine. 

Rightly do ye allow me this deserved title, me 
who has ever striven to tread the path of righteous- 
ness and purity, to attain to ideal piety. 

Mr. President, the fact that my whole life's labor 
has been one constant struggle to render my piety 
unequaled makes me deserving of boundless praise. 
But, Fellow-classmates, the way you have come by 
yours entitles you to no glory, but rather confers 
upon me additional honor ; for it is I alone who have 
thrust it upon you, much against your will. 

Mr. President, and Fellow-classmates, three long 
years have I labored amongst you, three long years 
has it taken me to raise you from your once degen- 
erate and almost savage state to this position in 
which 1 now behold you, to this physical, mental, and 
moral condition in which you ai'e able to recognize 
and appreciate my unsurjiassable goodness, my 
incorruptible virtues. 

Only too vividly must you recollect the condition 
in which I found you, how zealously and vigorously 
I set to work to rescue you from the slums of vice in 
which you were already so deeply imbedded and 
into which you were so fast sinking, how gladly 1 
struggled to turn you back from the path of disgrace 
in which you had already well-nigh lost your way, 
and how carefully I led you in the pathway of virtue. 
You can call to mind only with thankfulness, though 
perhaps with rivalous envy, the arduous labors, the 
fatherly and ever fostering care I have bestowed 
upon you during these long and tedious years. 

Well, Mr. President and Fellow-classmates, even 
at this late day may you recognize my worth and 
attempt to reward my past labors and loving pro- 
tection. 

But, Fellow-classmates, perhaps I ought not to 
censure you so severely for your tardiness in showing 



your commendation of my past life, for those upon 
whom we look as almost ideals of mental develop- 
ment have, even to this day, failed to perceive 
my upright intentions, ray love for mankind. 

At the beginning of my Freshman year, I was 
invited to become an associate member, as their 
agent called it, of the Young Men's Christian Associ- 
ation, an organization somewhat peculiar to this 
institution. Anxious to make my college course of 
the greatest usefulness toward the regeneration of 
my fellow-students and eager to acquire piety from 
every possible source, I very gladly accepted. But 
soon I found that I was paying the same price for a 
seat in the back row of the gallery that the chosen 
few were paying for a reserve seat in the bald-headed 
row ; in short, that, like .aDsop's goose, I was invited 
to a feast of which I was in no sense a partaker. 
Therefore I made up my mind to sever at once my 
connections with this peculiar body and henceforth 
to expend my labors upon the outcasts of society, 
feeling that it would be far safer for me to be judged 
by my labors than by the company I kept. 

From that time on. Fellow-classmates, I have 
ever striven to redeem you from your sad and 
wretched condition, to bring you out of darkness into 
the light of day, though often sadly at the expense 
of my literary duties. 

Now it was about that time that my rank began 
to decrease, which it has continued to do ever since, 
until at present I am ranked only by those pro- 
fessors who are sufficiently versed in higher mathe- 
matics to have a lucid conception of minus quantities. 
At first I was seriously tempted to regard my 
withdrawal from the Y. M. C. A. as the cause of my 
almost incredible unjjopularity with the Faculty. 
But, of course, no practical and profound reasoner 
could for any length of time cherish such an idea. 
I spent many an hour in deep thought and lost many 
a night's sleep in trying to discover the reason of 
my continual down-hill course. But, alas! there 
appeared on earth a supernatural power in the person 
of one of.our promising young ideas, who demon- 
strated beyond dispute that in accordance with the 
laws of nature, space has no affinity for rank. The 
problem was then easily solved. 

I had been so solicitous for your good that I had 
thoughtlessly injured my own interests. I had taken 
up my post for parish and slum work in the back 
part of the recitation room, for that is always 
regarded by tlie Faculty as the place most in need of 
special government. But, as I have since learned, 
it is a time-honored regulation, peculiar to this 
college, that each row of seats has its particular 
rank, varied somewhat by the number and simplicity 
of the questions propounded by student to professor. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



55 



My instructors had evidently judged me by the seat 
I occupied, have mistaken my arduous and sincere 
struggle to reform you poor unfortunates, for an 
attempt to slight my literary duties, and to shun the 
malignant atmosphere of the chinners' realm. 

Mr. President and Fellow-classmates, I repeat it, 
that ye do well to present me even with this insignifi- 
cant reward, me whose lips have never been 
polluted by any oath, other than the most righteous 
and divine, whose mind has never yet been dimmed 
by an impious thought. 

Mr. President, I called this book insignificant, 
but that epithet can be applied only to its size, for it 
is indisputably (he grandest literary production of 
this nineteenth century. No token, Mr. President, 
could have excited within me greater appi'eoiation, 
for this book presents vividly to my mind what your 
tongues can never express in language. Being 
historical as well as doctrinal and philosophical, it 
brings up in my mind fond recollections of the 
happy days we have spent together. But, alas ! 
does it present to my mind's eye vivid images of 
your midnight revels ? Just as I have so often beheld 
you, some immovably clustered around a table, 
packing a Jack-pot with your watches, your rings, 
your neckties, and in fact everything you possessed, 
except your honor, seeing a pair of aces when in 
fact you only had one, and imaging numerous other 
such visionary phenomena j others of you lying pros- 
trate in the corners of the room, mourning over the 
loss of your last ten dollars, and pitifully imploring 
Bacchus to drown the sorrows he had so mercilessly 
thrust upon you. 

And, Fellow-classmates, it will ever be to me a 
source of great gratification tliat I have never for- 
saken you in those times of need, until I have lain 
you quietly away in the soothing embrace of 
Somnus. 

By the teachings contained herein, Mr. President, 
shall I justify all my future undertakings and 
actions? And liow fortunate for me that I have 
received this divine aid to ligliten the burdens of the 
remainder of iny college course. 

I shall be excused from attending morning 
chapel, because I am told within these covers that he 
who shall attend divine worship with an empty 
stomach shall be called a fool and a suicide, and shall 
be cut ofl' from all respectable society. My absence 
from church will be justified, for this book charges 
me to beware of hypocrites on the Sabbath, and to 
employ every available means to avoid their com- 
pany. It will relieve me of the tedious burdens of 
gymnasium work, for it tells me that athletes must 
be born, not made, and that to work against nature 



is to commit an unpardonable sin, and that he who 
so sinneth shall suffer eternal punishment. 

By following its instructions shall I be allowed to 
gratify all appetites and to seek all pleasures ? for 
one passage reads thus : " A strong beer, a stinging 
tobacco, a maiden smartly dressed, these are the 
very things that suit piety best." 

Mr. President and Fellow-classmates, to me this 
book will ever be not only a memento of the arduous 
and tedious labors I have bestowed upon you, but 
also a symbol of your present moral and religious 
status. To future generations it will be a monument 
to one who devoted his whole life to the redemption 
of his fellow-beings from their degradation and 
wickedness. 

At the close of Mr. Smith's remarks, the 
President, alluding to the tendency of all 
things to be represented at times by diminu- 
tive specimens, presented the class Runt with 
a bean pole. Mr. H. F. Linscott (6 feet 3 
inches tall) in reply to the President's 
remarks, said : 

I come before you to-day, after a long and fruitless 
search. I have pored over the archives of this in- 
stitution, delved into every nook and corner of our 
library, handled volume after volume musty with old 
age, but, as yet, I have been unable to find a single 
instance of a class honoring in so signal a manner 
as I am honored to-day, the smallest of its members. 
Many a lime have tlie musical abilities of some 
person so appealed to the sentiments of a class as to 
call for some token of approbation. Time and time 
again have classes sung the praises of their "toughs," 
their " pluggers," and even of their "giants," but, 
as yet, no person has possessed a stature so diminu- 
tive as to demand recognition. Accordingly, Mr. 
President, I am as profoundly grateful for the honor, 
whicli you have conferred upon me, as I am proud 
of the distinction of being the first person in the 
history of the college, slighted in so remarkable a 
degree by Nature as to merit the appellation the 
" Class Runt." 

Doubtless it was the intention of our common 
Maker that I should be at least as tall as the average 
mortal, but, through some inadvertence on the part of 
the Creator, I stand before you to-day, as you see, 
blighted, dwarfed, nipped in the bud, so to speak, 
by the biting frosts of a hard and relentless Fate. 
But, sir, I have long since become reconciled to my 
lot, and have determined to hold in serene contempt 
all who attempt to be funny at the expense of my 
stature. I have become inured to all slighting 



56 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



remarks, and the person who attempts to console me 
for my misfortune is by no means a philanthropist 
in my sight. No longer do I pay the slightest at- 
tention to questions regarding the meteorological 
conditions in the immediate vicinity of my head. For 
my part I am satisfied with the weather as I find it. 
One circumstance, only, mars the complacency with 
which I view my lot in life. Professor Moody has 
told us that capacity varies as the. cube of the length. 
To be sure I never penetrated very far into his 
abstruse science. At best, I always handled mathe- 
matics with gloved hands and stood at a respectful 
distance from the dread monster. To mj' mind, 
however, the words of our good Professor have but 
oue signification. I have always taken capacity to 
mean the capabilities of an individual in the gas- 
tronomic line. O! that I might be taller! If I 
were twice my present height I could eat nine 
times as much. This sorrow, however, is not 
entirely unalloyed with pleasure ; I have never seen 
the proposition demonstrated. It has never been my 
lotto behold a person, be he short or tall, who could 
eat more than I can. Again, if the proposition is 
true, and if I were taller, I should be compelled to 
leave college or take a lien on some United States 
Sub-treasury to satisfy the demands of my landlord. 
Some person, I know not who, is responsible for the 
statement that quality rather than quantity should be 
the aim of every person. With extreme satisfaction 
I apply this to myself. Quantitatively, as you see, 
I am a failure. Qualitatively, I may be a success. 
As I am wofuUy deficient in tlie one, I must be richly 
endowed with the other. 

This token, which I have received at your hands 
is, to say the least, extremely significant. I do not 
mean, of course, that its proportions are in any 
measure identical with my own. If I were as tall 
as this innocent sapling I should be proud indeed. 
O! Bean Pole, emblematic of a height to which I 
can never attain, however fondly I may hope to do 
so. How Nature has smiled upon you ! We were 
once small together, but you have towered high 
above me. While I am doomed forever to move 
about in the shadow of the larger world around me, 
you bask in the gentle sunshine of Nature's kindly 
smiles, in the pui-e clear air of the realms above us. 
How I envy you ! With what awe, what reverence 
do I behold your magnificent proportions! Don't 
you pity me? Do not hold me in contempt! 'Tis 
not my fault that I am not as tall as you. How 
proudly you stand, high above us all and entirely 
oblivious of the cares and annoyances of life in the 
world below. 



" As some tall cliff that rears its awful form, 
Swells from the vale and midway leaves the storm, 
Though round its breast the rolling clouds are spread. 
Eternal sunshine settles on its head." 
In the moulding of this great world of modern 
times, in the fashioning of the civilization of to-day, 
many a hand has added here and there a touch to 
make the perfect whole. In this great piece of 
statuary with all its delicate tracery and fineness 
of detail, we do not fail to find the chisel marks of 
many a man of diminutive stature. Soon our class 
will pass from out these walls to fight the battle of 
life and to contribute their efforts to this stupendous 
work. As small men have occasionally, in the past, 
left their mark upon the shining marble, the Runt 
of '92 may, somewhere, find a place among his 
fellows. In this assurance he is consoled for his 
misfortune. 

The class Tourist, Mr. J. F. Hodgdon, 
was the next man to receive attention. Upon 
receiving a large, well-lettered valise from 
the President, accompanied with words of 
suggestion and advice, Mr. Hodgdon 
responded thus: 

Mr. President, Classmates : 

This is exactly what I need. I will not weary 
you by telling of my great surprise at having been 
presented with such an elegant, valuable, and appro- 
priate token of the respect with which you view my 
many wonderful and extended tours. For to tell 
the honest truth no such surprise is felt. I knew the 
moment I entered the hall this afternoon and saw 
the list of presentations, that that little word tourist 
was a synonym for the name of a great and wonderful 
traveler, Andrew Jackson Hodgdon. For who else 
in this class could aspire to that title of distinction ? 
What other member of the class has so many times 
as I crossed Topsham bridge ? Not one. Even our 
pedestrians, Jim, David, and " Jocus," who per- 
performed such a remarkable feat last fall in 
walking to Portland, in such an incredibly short 
time, can not begin to equal me as a tourist. I 
have always made it a point to follow our athletic 
teams to victory or defeat, whether in Maine, New 
Hampshire, or Massachusetts, and I have always 
returned a few days later than the rest of the 
crowd, than even Jack Hersey. This time is 
always spent in travel. It was simply the voice of a 
parent which helped me to withstand the temptation 
of a journey to Ithaca last spring. If the Bridgton 
News is a truth-loving journal, at least one Poore 
classmate can sympathize with me. I have said I 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



57 



am not surprised, but, Mr. President, pardon my 
long delay in presenting my heartfelt thanks and ex- 
pressing my supreme gratitude. What a handsome 
gift this is ! I can not find words sufficient to thank 
you for this beautiful souvenir and very useful 
tourist's companion. I feel even more grateful than 
otherwise because I am positive that you, in presenting 
me with this token of the respect in which you hold a 
person who has traveled so much as I have, and over 
such a broad territory, were actuated by no feelings 
of "partiality nor hypocrisy." 

This receptacle of traveling articles is, I suppose, 
intended for my use in numerous tours about the 
world and for such a purpose it shall be used. How- 
ever, no common, every-day articles shall ever fiqd 
their way inside of this beautiful present of yours. 
I shall keep it to carry a few extraordinary curiosi- 
ties which I shall pick up from time to time on vari- 
ous portions of the globe. 

During the remainder of my tour through college 
I shall devote a great share of my time to collecting 
such wonderful curiosities as can be found nowhere 
but in Brunswick and on Bowdoin's campus. These 
are the most worthy to occupy a place within the 
capacious depths of this fine bag which I now hold 
in my hand. For literary curiosities there are none 
like 9rs Bugle, the Sunday Herald containing a re- 
port of " The Most Disgraceful Trick Ever Seen on 
a Ball Field," some of those themes Joe Bean hands 
in to Mr. Tolman, and a collection of Y. M. C. A. 
cuss words. For my art gallery I would select such 
masterpieces as " Riley Collecting Foot-Ball Sub- 
scriptions," "John Hull, the Day the Bugle Ap- 
peared," " Chapin's Majestic Tread Across the Cam- 
pus," " The Chapel Choir," with Pennell's divine 
form and Lazell's angelic face in the foreground, 
"Art Gallery of '92's Bugle, and many other such 
wonderful works of art as could never be found in 
any other part of the world. 

But I see that my rambling talk is proving so 
intensely interesting that I fear if I do not imme- 
diately stop the peregrinations of my vocal organs, 
which you will perceive are almost as remark- 
able tourists as I am, that we shall none of us 
be able to attend the Ivy Hop this evening, so I will 
again thank you for this memento of the day, and 
start once more on my travels. 

Ml'. Hodgdon having finished, the Presi- 
dent then proceeded, amid mtich merriment, 
to describe a freak, and ended by presenting 
a bird cage to Mr. C. M. Pennell as the freak 
of the class. Mr. Pennell spoke in reply as 
follows : 



Mr. President and Classmates: 

Why you should choose me as the recipient of 
this suggestive gift is beyond my comprehension. 
However, since it is so decreed by the class, I accept 
it with thanks. But inasmuch as I am somewhat 
familiar with the peculiarities and tendencies of my 
classmates, I am of the opinion that others of our 
number are much more deserving than I of a token 
of this kind, which is supposed to represent a freak. 
We have several among us whose names have become 
famous in college, owing to their possessing in an 
almost excessive degree certain propensities which 
lead them to commit deeds that are wholly unpre- 
meditated. A fellow not naturally whimsical drifts 
so easily into eccentric notions, that he is totally un- 
conscious whither he is being borne, until he iinds 
that he has come into a condition which will prove 
the cause of many a freakish act on his part. 

Now, we have here among us a tali, stalwart 
fellow, a favorite with every one, who, only a 
few months ago in this quiet little town, created 
sucli a sensation in social circles, that the 
good people of the place, even until this late 
day, continue to comment upon it, yet such was 
our good-will towards him we were somewhat 
loth to criticise him too severely, and perhaps 
it would have been of no use had we done so. And 
in justice to him I feel that I ought to say that we as 
a class appreciate to the utmost his frankness, when 
he comes into one of our dignified class meetings, 
a few days subsequent to the event mentioned, and 
in the course of his I'emarks confesses that "we are 
just at present on the best of tei-ms with the town's 
people, and that such a spirit ought to be cherished." 
Open-heartedness of this kind is rare, and ought cer- 
tainly to be rewarded, as I sincerely hope it will be 
in due season. 

Mr. President, it seems to me that a cage like 
this, which is the home of the bird, with much more 
appropriateness might have been given to this class- 
mate of ours, seeing that he has so strong a hold 
upon his bird. 

Numerous other instances as typical as this one 
cited might be mentioned, consequently I confess my 
utter inability to understand why I have been chosen 
to receive this token, unless I have earned it through 
my persistent and untiring efforts in promoting the 
highly-cherished custom of class cuts. Ah this, per- 
haps, may be the key to the secret ! If I am to receive 
the gift for this reason, no one will for a moment deny 
that I truly merit it. You will every one, upon a 
moment's reflection, recall appreciatingly with how 
much earnestness and persistency I have labored for 
the interest of the class cut that is so popular in col- 



58 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



lege, especially among the students. Perhaps as a 
rule they enjoy it full more than the professoi's. 

All people are well aware of the fact that almost 
every one, whatever his station in life, is fond of dis- 
tinction. Grant was famous as a military leader; 
Shaliespeare won renown by means of his literary 
productions that have become classic ; the name of 
Cromwell will ever be illustrious owing to the exer- 
cise of his political abilities in a period of anarchy. 
I have not won renown by generalship, by my writ- 
ings, nor by my political abilities, but apparently 
have secured it by my display of tact in conducting 
a class cut. Wliy should I not become immortalized 
by this means? How could' I attain to higher 
honors ? 

In regard to the accomplishment of my worl?; in 
this line, Mr. President, perhaps I ought to say that 
I have not been entirely unaided. I wish, especially, 
to extend my thanks to our distinguished comedian 
from Portland, whom we all appreciate — but why do 
I enumerate my assistants? They are already well 
known to the class. This disposition ofminetocutting 
recitations began to be developed when I was quite 
young. Years ago, when a boy, attending a district 
school in one of the less conspicuous towns not far 
distant, much to the annoyance of my teachers, I fre- 
quently exercised this propensity, and was almost 
invariably rewarded with the privilege of standing 
in the floor for an hour at a time, back to the school, 
to repent of my error and to form good resolutions 
for the future, which, sad to relate, were seldom kept. 
After coming to college I was deprived of this kind 
of reward, but have, as a somewhat desirable substi- 
tute, the praise and appreciation of my class. 

In returning to so emblematic a gift, let me say 
by way of advice to those about me, although to 
some the words may fall like seed sown on stony 
ground, always secure first your cage, as I have 
done, then capture your bird as soon as possible. 
But how long, oh gentlemen, shall 1 abuse your 
patience? Not much longer, I assure you. I merely 
wish once more to thank you for this testimonial of 
your appreciation. It will ever be a token dear to 
me, an'd shall occupy a prominent place among my 
treasures obtained at Bowdoin. It is a souvenir 
which, owing to its associations, will call to mind one 
of the most pleasant and memorable days of my 
college life at Bowdoin, the Ivy Day of the class of 
'92. 

Following Mr. Peniiell's response, the 
Popular Man of the class was announced as 
Mr. R. F. Bartlett. That gentleman received 



the wooden spoon amid great applause and 

said : 

Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen: 

No language at my command can express the 
pleasure that this little token of esteem gives me. 
Many, indeed, have stood here before, grateful for a 
similar gift, and have been able to give utterance to 
their feelings in eloquent terms, but no one, I am 
sure, has ever felt towards his class a deeper grati- 
tude than now animates me. 

And yet the recipient of this spoon must certainly 
hold a very flattering opinion of himself to believe that 
this gift was made to him as the most popular man 
of his class. I, at least, derive sufiicient pleasure 
from considering it as indicating merely that I hold 
a place in the affections of the members of '92. Nor 
is this pleasure insignificant. To feel Ihat one is in the 
midst of friends adds an inexpressible charm to life 
anywhere, but perhaps more particularly to the brief 
period that we pass liere under the protection of 
these old college walls, which, though they may 
appear battered and dreary to the stranger, are for 
us bright with the recollection of many golden 
hours — golden both on account of the pleasure and 
the profit they have brought. And yet, classmates, 
these happy days will soon be gone. In one more 
short year we also shall be preparing to take our 
departure from these halls and to pursue our various 
paths of life as fate may dictate. But wherever we 
may be scattered, we shall still be bound to each 
other and to our Alma Mater by the bonds of friend- 
ship and love, of which this spoon has come to be the 
symbol. 

Would that it were customary for every jjopular 
man of the class to receive here a similar souvenir 
of the high esteem in which he is held by his com- 
panions, but time does not permit it, nor has custom 
established the rule. My classmates have, therefore, 
conferred upon me the honor of acting as their repre- 
sentative and of receiving this gift that should 
come from all to all. Classmates, I appreciate your 
generosity. I feel that this is the highest honor that 
you have in your power to give. The enjoyment of 
it is also greater because such an event was unlocked 
for and due to no effort of mine, but entirely to your 
own good-will. 

Once more, then, in closing, classmates, I thank 
you for this spoon and the affection that it signifies. 
I shall always remember your kindness, and shall 
ever guard and cherish your gift as a memento of 
the happiest event of my college course. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



59 



IVY ODE. 

Bt W. O. Herset. 

Air: " The Days When I loas Young." 

Once again we meet to plant, by these walls so white 
and bare, 
This fair token of the friendships we have made. 
And we'll gather round the spot, while we plant with 
tender care. 
This, our Ivy, which we trust will never fade ; 
And as classmates bound by ties, which each year 
become more strong, 
May this emblem be our guide through earth's 
dark ways ; 
Let the bonds be ever firm, and life's tendrils hold us 
long, 
To the memory of our by-gone college days. 

Oft we've roamed this campus o'er, in the days when 
life was gay. 
Till the place is now endeared to every one. 
And it makes the heart grow sad, on this pleasant 
Ivy Day, 
As again to us these recollections come ; 
But when college days are o'er, and our path of life 
divides. 
As the branches of the vine we plant to-day, 
May they ever upward tend, keeping green while 
life abides, 
Though our Master give to us a stony way. 



?i§0ellarpg. 

Electives. 

Seniors. 

History of Philosophy. — R. F. Bartlett, Bean, 
Cothren, Uovvnes, Durgin, Emery, Fobes, Gateley, 
Gummer, Hull, Kimball, Lazell, Lee, Linscott, 
Mclntyre, J. D. Merriman, Nichols, Osborne, 
Pennell, Poore, Fugsley, Randall, Rich, Smith, Stacy, 
Wilson, Wood, A. L. Hersey. 

English Literature. — P. Bartlett, R. F. Bartlett, 
Bean, Cothren, Downes, Durgin, Emery, Fobes, 
Gateley, Gummer, Gurney, Hodgdon, Hull, Kennis- 
ton, Kimball, Lazell, Lee, Linscott, Mclntyre, Poore, 
Randall, Rich, Smith, Wilson, Wood, Young (last 
two terms), Pennell (last two terms). 

Political Economy. — R. F. Bartlett, Bean, 
Cothren, Downes, Durgin, Emery, Fobes, Gateley, 
Gummer, Hodgdon, Hull, Kimball, Lazell, Lee, 
Linscott, Mclntyre, J. D. Merriman, . Nichols, 



Osborne, Pennell, Poore, Pugsley, Randall, Rich, 
Smith, Stacy, Wilson, Wood, A. L. Hersey. 

Sociology. — R. F. Bartlett, Bean, Cothren, Downes, 
Durgin, Emery, Fobes, Gateley, Gummer, Gurney, 
VV. O. Horsey, Hodgdon, Hull, Kimball, Lazell, 
Lee, Mann, Mclntyre, A. M. Merriman, J. D. Mer- 
riman, Nichols, Osborne, Parcher, Poore, Pugsley, 
Randall, Rich, Smith, Stacy, Swett, Wilson, Wood, 
Young, A. L. Hersey. 

Political Science. — (First term) R. F. Bartlett, 
Bean, Cothren, Downes, Durgin, Emery, Fobes, 
Gateley, Gummer, Gurney, Hull, Hodgdon, Kim- 
ball, Lazell, Lee, Linscott, Mann, Mclntyre, J. D. 
Merriman, Osborne, Pennell, Poore, Pugsley, Ran 
dall. Rich, Smith, Stacy, Swett, Wilson, Wood, 
Young, A. L. Hersey. 

Mineralogy and Chemistry. — P. Bartlett, R. F. 
Bartlett (Ext. Chemistry), Gurney, W. O. Hersey, 
Hodgdon, Kenniston (Chemistry), Mann (Chem- 
istry), A. M. Merriman, J. D. Merriman, Nichols, 
Osborne, Pennell, Parcher, Pugsley, Stacy, Swett, 
A. L. Hersey. 

Geotoj///.— (First term) R. F. Bartlett, Bean, 
Cothren, Downes, Durgin, Emery, Gateley, 
Gummer, W. O. Hersey, Hull, Kenniston, Kimball, 
Lazell, Lee, Mann, Mclntyre, A. M. Merriman, J. 
D. Merriman, Nichols, Osborne, Parcher, Pennell, 
Poore, Pugslej', Randall, Rich, Smith, Stacy, Wilson, 
Wood, Young, A. L. Hersey. 

Histology. — (First term) W. O. Hersey, Kennis- 
ton, Mann, A. M. Merriman, Parcher, Swett, 
Young. 

Astronomy. — Fobes, Nichols. 

Latin and Crreek. — P. Bartlett, Linscott, Wood 
(Greek ext.). 

Juniors. 

History. — Arnold, Baker, Baldwin, Bucknam, 
Carleton, Chamberlain, Fabyan, Haggett, Howard, 
Hussey, Hutchinson, Jenks, Jones, Lambert, May 
(ext.), Payson, Peabody, MoArthur, Pierce, Ridley, 
Savage, F. M. Shaw, P. M. Shaw, L. Stacy, Whit- 
ney, Cliiford. 

German. — Arnold, Baker, Barker, Bucknam, 
Chamberlain, Chapin, Fabyan, Goodell, Howard, 
Hutchinson, Lambert, May, Owen, Peabody, Savage, 
F. M. Shaw, P. M. Shaw, Shay, L. Stacy, ('two 
terms). Wilder, Machan. 

Biology. — Arnold (ext.), Baldwin, Barker, Carle- 
ton, Goodell, Hussey, Jenks, Jones, Machan, 
McArthur (third term). May, Owen, Payson, Pierce, 
Ridley, Shay, Whitney, L. Stacy (third term), Clif- 
ford. 

Physics. — Chapin, McArthur (two terms), 
Wilder. 



' 



60 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Latin and Greek. — Haggett. 

Sophomores. 

Latin. — First and second terms: Allen. Ander- 
son, Baxter, Bliss, Butler, A. Chapman, Currier, 
Dana, Farrington, Flagg (one term). Flood, Glover, 
Haskell, Hinkley, Knight, Leighton, Levensaler, 
Littlefleld, Nichols, Pickard, Plaisted, Simpson, 
Spinney, Stevens, Sykes, E. Thomas, W. 
Thomas, Wilbur; Third term: Allen, Anderson, 
Baxter, Bliss, Butler, Flood, Knight, Littlefleld, 
Pickai-d, Plaisted, Simpson, Wilbur. 

Greek. — First and second terms : Andrews, Bliss, 
Buck, Butler, Currier, Farrington, Flagg (second 
term). Flood, Horsman, Knight, Lord, Merrill, 
Sykes, Wilbur; Third term: Bliss, Buck, Butler, 
Farrington, Flagg, Flood, Horsman, Lord, Sykes. 

Mathematics. — Three terms : Bagley, Briggs, 
Bryant, Flagg, Libby, Merrill, Michels, Ross, Simp- 
son, Thompson (two terms). 

French. — Two terms: Allen, Anderson, Bagley, 
Baxter, Briggs, Bryant, Buck, A. Chapman, Dana, 
Glover, Haskell, Hinkley, Horsman, Leighton, 
Levensaler, Libby, Littlefleld, Lord, Michels, 
Nichols, Pickard, Plaisted, Ross, Spinney, Stevens, 
E. Thomas, W. W. Thomas, Thompson; Third 
term: A. Chapman, Glover, Haskell, Leighton, 
Levensaler, Pickard, Spinney, Stevens, E. Thomas, 
Thompson. 

Botany. — Anderson, Andrews, Bagley, Baxter, 
Briggs, Bryant, Buck, Currier, Dana, Farrington, 
Haskell, Hinkley, Horsman, Knight, Leighton, 
Libby, Littlefleld, Merrill, Ross, Spinney, Stevens, 
W. W. Thomas. 

English Literature. — Allen, Andrews, A. Chap- 
man, Currier, Dana, Glover, Hinkley, Levensaler, 
Lord, Nichols, Plaisted, Sykes, E. Thomas, W. 
Thomas, Thompson, Wilbur. 



The President's house was thronged with callers 
the first of last week, when the students were 
handing in their lists of electives for the next year. 
Probably in the near future one of the requirements 
for entrance will be to give a list of all the studies 
which one expects to take for the course. 



For First-Class Furniture of 
Every Description, go to tine New 
Furniture Store of Plummer & 
Rogers. See Advertisement in 
this issue. 




^f^m^ 



^ 



Smith, 78, was among 

the visitors at the college 

last week. 

Payson and McArthur, '93, . have 

joined their class, after being out for 

some time on account of illness. 

Powers, ex-'91, spent the past week at the college. 

Professor Lee went to Boston last Monday, to 
make arrangements for the coming Labrador 
expedition. 

H. Clay, "dear," was on the campus last Sunday, 
the first visit for sometime. He was well received 
by the boys. 

Professor Robinson gave a very pleasant reception 
Monday evening, June 1st, to the members of the 
Senior chemistry division. 

The rooms iu South Maine occupied by Emery 
and Lazell, and Mann and Young, have been con- 
nected, making it very convenient. 

The engagement is announced of R. W. Mann 
and Miss Young. Both parties are receiving the 
congratulations of their host of friends. 

Baldwin, '93, and Gurney, '92, are soon to leave 
for Boston, where they have been engaged by a 
publishing house for the summer months. 

Whitcomb, '93, has been spending the past week 
at the college. He has fully recovered from his 
long illness, and hopes to be able to join '94 next 
tail. 

Professor Hutchins left last week for Washington, 
D.C., where he is engaged in some scientific work. 
His absence relieves the Sophomores of one 
examination. 

The fortunate Seniors, who will deliver orations 
on Commencement Day on account of their ability in 
writing, are Chapman and E. H. Newbegin. They 
will take the places of Wright and Loring. 

The prize winners from the Senior class have 
been announced and are as follows : English Com- 
position — first, Dyer and Chapman ; second, Burleigh 
and Smith ; Pray English — Dyer ; Brown Extem- 
poraneous Composition — first, Chapman ; second. 
Dyer. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



61 



The Juniors got an adjourn under rather peculiar 
circumstances the other day. The recitation had 
scarcely commenced when it was announced that the 
Professor's child was lost. Of course the Professor 
was obliged to hunt up the little one, and the boys 
took a vacation. 

The Senior class supper took place at the Tontine 
last Saturday evening. The evening passed very 
pleasantly with songs and viands, the menu being 
a very elaborate one. The Seniors are proud of the 
custom which they instituted of having no punch at 
the supper. Smith acted as toast-master. 

Nothing seems to be too good for the Freshman 
this year. Last Sunday in chapel one was discovered 
calmly occupying one of the professor's seats. The 
Freshman can do almost anything this year with 
impunity, but when it comes to aspiring to a 
professorship something ought to be done. Where's 
? 

The Medics seem to be causing some excitement 
just now. Smith was recently the victim of a joke 
whereby he lost his moustache. He did not enjoy 
the proceedings remarkably well, and it is understood 
that lie will try to getdamages. Again on Saturday, 
a lively scuffle took place, in which a Medic seemed 
to be the center of attraction. . 

Matters have reachedsuch a stage in South Maine 
that it is not safe to leave anything there unless 
under lock and key. A Freshman, who rooms in 
that end, has hit upon a scheme whereby he is saving 
considerable. Heretofore he has furnished oil for 
nearly the whole end, but he now keeps it locked in 
his trunk, and the "swipers" are obliged to look 
elsewhere. 

After the class supper, Saturday evening, the 
Seniors had quite an amount of excitement with the 
Brunswick policemen. The "cops" seemed deter- 
mined that the boys should not sing, while the boys 
were very anxious to display their talents. The 
excitement reached its heiglit at the edge of the 
campus, and at times it seemed as if '91 might lose 
one or two of her men. Matters finally became 
quiet with no harm done on either side. 



fi{hle{m.. 



The University of Michigan Glee Club recently 
netted $4,500 at a single engagement in Detroit. 



The king of Siam will soon send six youths from 
his kingdom to Pennsylvania to be educated. They 
are all to become physicians. The young men are 
chosen from the poorer classes, and the expenses of 
their tuition, about $5000 a year each, is to be borne 
by the Siamese government. 



BOATING. 

Thursday, Maj' 28th, the Bowdoin crew rowed 
their first race of the season against the Crescent Club 
of Boston. The course was on the Charles, IJ 
miles straight away. The Boston men won the toss 
and chose the course nearest the Cambridge side. 
The Crescents caught the water first, but Bowdoin 
rowing forty to the minute soon took the lead, which 
at the half-way point, amounted to over two lengths. 
From this point Bowdoin took matters easily and 
though the Crescents twice spurted kept' this lead to 
the finish, rowing in splendid form with plenty of 
reserve power. 

The Bowdoin sympathizers viewed the race from 
a tug chartered for the purpose. The officials in 
charge of the race were : Referee, E. B. Burpee, '87 ; 
Judge for Crescents, J. J.Marshall ; Judge for Bow- 
doin, J. P. Cilley. The make-up of the crews was 
as follows : 

BOWDOINS. 

Height 
Name. Weight. Age. ft. in. 

Bow. Carleton 175 22 5 10 

No. 2. Poore, 168 21 5 10 

No. 3. Allard 167 28 5 08 

No. 4. Jackson, 190 27 6 01 

No. 5. Haskell, 184 23 5 11 

No. 6. Turner 184 23 5 lOj 

No. 7. Hastings, 183 23 5 10 

Stroke. Capt. Parker 187 22 5 llj 

Cox. Shaw, 100 21 5 07 

Average. . 179 23i S lOJ 

CRESCENTS. 

Bow. Hugh Flanigan, 140 

No. 2. Pete Fleming 148 

No. 3. Al. Dowling 145 

No. 4. Frank Giblin, 150 

No. 5. W. G. Irwin, 155 

No. 6. J. F. Qulnn, 155 

No. 7. Bob Dyar 158 

Stroke. J. H. Sloane, 160 

Cox. J. P. Fox, 134 

Average, 150 

Official time— Bowdoins, . . . 10 minutes 35 seconds. 
Crescents, ... 10 " 45 " 

Since the last issue of the Orient, the long 
talked of Harvard race has taken place with a 
result which was only to be expected, considering 
the crew against which we were pitted. 

On the day of the race in question, much interest 
in Boston and vicinity was manifested, while at 
Harvard a feeling of uncertainty everywhere pre- 



62 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



vailed. They had seen our race with the Crescents, 
and they knew that they must work to win. At the 
appointed hour, a lai'ge gathering of both the 
students and alumni of Bowdoin assembled at the 
Union Boat Club, expecting thei'e to embark upon 
the tug which was to take them over the course. 
Owing, however, to some unaccountable mistake, 
the tug failed to put in an appearance, and thus our 
crew lacked encouragement throughout the race. 

The start was made promptly at 4.15, and both 
crews took the water together, Harvard gaining 
slightly. As we neared the Harvard Bridge, Bow- 
doin led by half a length. At this stage of the race. 
Harvard got into Bovvdoin's water and a foul came 
near being the result. From this point onward. 
Harvard gradually pulled away, Bowdoin all the 
while pulliQg strongly but not so well together as 
at the first. As they passed the Harvard Bridge, 
a mighty cheer went up for Harvard, which had the 
effect of a tonic on their favorite crew. Harvard 
crossed the line two lengths ahead of Bowdoin, time 
ten minutes and thirty-six seconds. Bowdoin crossed 
the line at a rapid gait, but eight seconds later. 

Bovvdoin's showing in this race was in every way 
creditable, even though we did not perhaps row in 
what we know was our best form. But we must 
remember that a race with Harvard and a practice 
spin are two entirely different things, and that the 
same form in both cannot be expected. Harvard 
not only has twelve hundred men against Bowdoin's 
two hundred to pick from, but has every possible 
facility for the training of a crew, which we in 
Bowdoin lack. Taking all this into considei'ation, 
both students and alumni have no reason to feel 
chagrined at our defeat. 

BASE-BALL. 

Botodoin, 12; Colby, 7. 
Wednesday, June 3d, the team easily won their 
thii-d straight game from Colby. Plaisted pitched 
for Bowdoin and was very eifective, only three of the 
Colby batsmen hitting him safely. Whitman left 
the box in the sixth inning, and Parsons was substi- 
tuted, but allowed Bowdoin five hits in one inning. 
Packard at second base had the unusual number of 
eleven chances, and accepted nine of them, while 
Downes and Allen excelled at the bat. Parsons and 
Lombard led Colby at the bat. The game was 
played at Waterville. The score : 

BOWDOIN. 

A.B. K. E.H. P.O. A. E. 

Packard, 2b., 6 2 1 5 4 2 

Hilton, 1.1., 6*1 2 1 

Tukey, c.f., 5 1 1 

Downes, lb., 5 2 3 11 1 



Allen, 3b 5 1 3 2 

Hutchinson, S.S., ..... 5 1 1 1 2 1 

Fish, c, 5 2 8 1 2 

Savage, r. f., 1 3 1 1 1 

Plaisted, p 5 

Totals 43 12 12 27 10 6 

COLBY. 

A.B. K. B.H. P.O. A. E. 

Parsons, c. p., 4 3 3 3 1 

Kalloch, r. 1., 5 2 2 

Foster, 1. f, 4 2 1 1 

Bonney, lb., 4 12 1 

Lombard, c. 1., 4 1 2 2 1 2 

Hoxie, 2b 3 2 3 

Whitman, p 2 

Latlip, 3b 3 4 5 

Hall, s. s 4 1 1 3 1 

Reynolds, c, 2 1 1 

Totals 35 7 6 24 16 8 

Innings, 123456789 

Bowdoin, 11013600 0—12 

Colby, 10011112 0-7 

Colby, 14; Bowdoin, 4. 
Saturday, June 6th, the Bowdoins were easily 
defeated by Colby on the home grounds. In the first 
inning Colby scored from unearned runs, and in the 
second added three to her score on errors and bad 
decisions of the umpire. From this time to the end 
Colby had the game well in hand. One score was 
added in the fourth, and the seventh saw six Colby 
men cross the plate. Bowdoin scored only in the 
third and fifth innings, in each of which two runs 
were placed to her credit. Whitman was very 
effective, and kept Bowdoin's hits well scattered, 
and received good support. Plaisted also pitched 
a good game, but his support was weak, and the 
umpire, a Colby substitute, handicapped him badly. 
Foster made several good running catches of fly balls 
in left field, and Whitman a phenomenal stop of a 
hot grounder from Packard's bat. Score as follows : 
COLBY. 

A.B. E. B.H. T.H. P.O. A. E. 

Parsons, o 3 3 2 2 4 3 1 

Kalloch, r. f., . . . . 4 3 1 

Foster, 1. f 5 2 3 4 5 

Bonney, lb 4 1 10 

Lombard, c. f., . . . . 5 2 3 3 1 1 

Hoxie, 2b 4 4 1 

Whitman, p., .... 4 1 1 1 4 

Latlip, 3b., 4 1 1 1 2 2 1 

Hall, s. s. 4 1 1 4 2 

Totals 37 14 10 11 27 14 6 

BOWDOIN. 

A.B. R. B.H. T.H. P.O. A. E. 

Packard, 2b., .... 5 2 1 1 3 2 1 

Hilton, l.f 4 2 1 1 

Tukey, o.f 4 3 5 3 

Downes, lb., 3 9 1 2 

Allen, .3b 4 1 3 3 

Hutchinson, s. s 4 1 1 3 1 

Fish, c 4 1 1 7 2 

Savage, r. f 4 1 

Plaisted, p., 4 1 1 6 1 

Totals 36 4 8 10 24 17 8 



i 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



63 



Innings 123456789 

Colbys 43010060 x— 14 

Bowdoins, 00202000 0—4 

FIELD DAY. 

SOPHOMORE-FRESHMAN RACE. 

Though owing to the muddy ti-ack the Field Day- 
events had to be postponed, the race between the 
Soplioraore and Freshman crews came off Thursday, 
June 4th, at 2.30 p.m. The course was one mile 
.straight away, ending at the boat-house, where were 
a large number of spectators. 

Both crews made a good start, but the Freshmen 
gradually forged ahead, and at the end of the first 
quarter mile had gained a length. This lead they 
gradually increased and at the half mile seemed sure 
winners, when, tlirough poor steering, the shell ran 
into the bushes on the Island and before open water 
was reached the Sophomores had gained the lead. 
At a hundred yards from the finish, '93 led by about 
a length, but '94 made a plucky spurt and crossed 
the line only a half lengtli behind. 

The Sophomores rowed a long, steady stroke and 
kept in almost perfect form. The Freshmen put 
plenty of power into their strokes, but lost through 
poor steering. The crews were made up as follows : 

'93.— Ridley, bow; May, 2; Shay, 3; Stacy, 
stroke. 

'94. — Buck, bow ; Farrington, 2; Horseman, 3; 
Ross, stroke. 

Saturday; June-itK-,' the Field Day events post- 
poned from Thursday took place at 9 a.m., on 
Topsham Fair Grounds. 

While the attendance was not large and the num- 
ber of contestants small, two of the college records 
were broken, both by members of '93. Ridley broke 
the record for throwing the base-ball with a throw of 
352 feet 8 inches, and Bucknam, in the running 
broad jump, cleared 18 feet 8 inches, G inches more 
than the old record. Jones, '93, also jumped well 
over the record and took second place. Following 
are the starters, winners, and records : 

One-lrandred-yards dash — E. F. Bartlett, Jones, Buck- 
nam, Machan, Lord. Bartlett, 1st; Jones, 2d. Record, 
14 seconds. 

Throwing hammer — Parker, Osborne, C. Stacy, Lord. 
Lord, 1st; Parker, 2d. Record, 03 feet G inches. 

Mile run — Parker, J. D. Merriman, Nichols. Merri- 
man, 1st; Parker, 2d. Record, 5 minutes 17 seconds. 

Pole vault — P. C. Newbegin, Merriman, Bucknam. 
Bucknam, 1st; Newbegin, 2d. Record, 8 feet 6 inches. 

Putting shot — Parker, C. Stacy, Ridley, Stevens, 
Lord. Parker, 1st; Ridley, 2d. Record, 31 feet 5 inches. 

Standing broad jump — Ridley, Chapman, Nichols. 
Ridley, 1st; Chapman, 2d. Record, 8 feet 9J inches. 



Running broad jump — A. L. Hersey, Ridley, Jones. 
Bucknam, Machan, Chapman. Bucknam, 1st; Joues,2d. 
Record, 18 feet 8 inches. 

Throwing base-ball — C. Stacy, Ridley, Stevens, Lord. 
Ridley, 1st; Lord, 2d. Record, 352 feet 8 inches. 

Half-mile run — Ridley, Chapman, Lord. Lord, 1st; 
Chapman, 2d. Record, 2 minntes 28 seconds. 

Hop, step, and jump— Ridley, Bucknam, Lord. Buck- 
nam, 1st; Lord, 2d. Record, 38 feet 2 inches. 

Running high jump — Hersey, Jones, Machan. Jones, 
1st: Hersey, 2d. Record, 4 feet 7 inches. 

Bicycle race — Foss, Haggett, Littlefield. Foss, 1st, on 
foul. 

The best class record was made by '93, with '94, second. 

Best individual record — Lord, '94, with eleven points. 




'32.— Albert Gallatin Dole died 
June 1st, at his residence in Manchester, 
N. H. Mr. Dole was born in Alna, Me., in 
September, 1808. After graduation he 
married Miss Rebecca Cobb Ford, the daughter of 
Elisha J. Ford, M.D., of Alna, and followed farm life 
for about fourteen years. During this time he filled 
various town offices in such a way as to win" the 
greatest confidence and respect. In 1847 he moved 
to Augusta and was quite prominent in the business 
circles of that city. He was for some time mayor of 
Augusta, and held many other responsible positions 
in the city government. In the banking business he 
always showed himself faithful in the discharge of 
his duties and a man of the utmost integrity. "His 
life has been one of varied activity. He has taken 
an intei-est in whatever concerns the public welfare 
of education and morals ; has always cherished the 
associations of college life, maintaining frequent 
correspondence with his classmates, and familiar 
beyond any other member with their course of life." 
For a few years past, since he retired from business, 
he has been living in Manchester, N. H., in which 
city his son and daughter reside with their families. 
'37. — Dr. Fordyce Barker of New York, one of 
the most noted and skillful physicians in the United 
States, died at his home Saturday, May 30th. Two 
days before his death he was out attending patients, 
and during his short illness many of those under Ms 
care called at his ofiice. Doctor Barker was born in 



64 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Wilton, in May, 1818. After graduation he studied 
medicine with his father. Dr. John Barljer, and later 
with Dr. Henry I. Bowditch and Dr. Charles Stedman 
of Boston, attending medical lectures in Boston and 
at Maine Medical College, from which he was gradu- 
ated in 1841, and settled in Norwich, Conn. In 1843 
he went abroad, and studied medicine in Edinburgh 
and Paris, at which latter place he received the title 
of M.D. In 1846 he was elected to the position of 
lecturer of obstetrics and diseases of women in the 
Medical School of this college, which position he held 
till 1860 when he was elected to the same depart- 
ment in New York Medical School. In 1860 he 
accepted a similar position in the Bellevue Hospital 
College. At the time of his death, or up to within a 
short period before that time, Doctor Barker was 
consulting physician to Bellevue Hospital, the 
Nursery, and Childs' Hospital, St. Elizabeth's 
Hospital, the Cancer Hospital, and surgeon to the 
Woman's Hospital. He was a member of many 
medical associations, notably '.he New York Academy 
of Medicine, of which he was President from 1878 to 
1884, the New York Country Medical Society, the 
New York Obstetrical Society, York Pathologi- 
cal Society, the New York Medical and Surgical 
Society, the Medical Society of the State of New 
York, of which he was formerly President, and the 
American Gynaacological Society, of which he was 
the first President, in 1876. He was also honorary 
fellow of the Royal Medical Society of Athens, and 
a member of the obstetrical societies of Edinburgh, 
London, Philadelphia, and Louisville, and of the 
Philadelphia College of Physicians. He contributed 
to medical literature many lectures and papers, and 
was the author of a work on puerperal diseases, 
which was published in 1874, and was translated 
into Italian, French, German, and Spanish. He was 
also the author of a treatise on seasickness. 

'40. — Rev. Elijah Kellogg, the author of those 
famous declamations, " Pericles to the People," and 
" Spartacus to the Gladiators," says he wrote them to 
overwhelm a critic, when he was in Andover Semi- 
nary. The young men had to deliver original decla- 
mations and then hear them criticised. Says Parson 
Kellogg: "The critic was rather severe on one of 
my friends and I resolved to get even with him. So 
I wrote ' Pericles to the People.' I aimed the invec- 
tive wholly at the critic. He couldn't stand it and 
hid his face in his hands. Everybody noticed it, and 
when I finished, not a word of criticism did he oifer. 
Well, the next year I didn't want to be criticised so I 
wrote ' Spartacus to the Gladiators.' When I finished 
the professor asked the critic for his remarks, but he 
had been so absorbed in the piece that he had for- 



gotten all about taking notes. A young man from 
one of the New England colleges heard the declama- 
tion, and afterward came way down here to Harps- 
well after it. Epes Sargent was one of the judges, 
and he liked the piece so well that he asked me to let 
him have it for his reader. That is how ' Spartacus 
to the Gladiators' came before the public." — Lewis- 
ton Journal. 

'41 and '62. — The Kennebec Journal, in speaking 
of the Maine Commissioners to the World's Fair, 
says: "It's needless to say that even a casual ob- 
server, seeing the commissionei-s together, would 
immediately regard them as representative men and 
women of the State. General Charles P. Mattocks, 
the executive commissioner, is a native of Danville, 
Vt., and graduated from Bowdoin College in the 
class of '62. He immediately after entered the army 
as first lieutenant of the Seventeenth Maine. His 
war record was a most brilliant one. He was made 
brigadier-genei'al in 1865. Returning to Portland he 
entered upon the profession of law, with which pro- 
fession he has since been identified, having also 
large business interests. He is an active republican 
and was a member of the Maine House in 1883-84- 
85-86. Hon. Henry Ingalls of Wiscasset, commis- 
sioner at large for the United States, is one of the 
leading democrats in the State. He was educated 
at Bowdoin College and is a lawyer by profession. 
He was a member of the Maine House of Representa- 
tives in 1880, and was a member of the State House 
Commission in charge of enlarging the capitol." 

'76. — This class holds a reunion banquet at the 
Falmouth, in Portland, June 25th. There have been 
few changes in the class since the general catalogue 
was issued. J. M. Hill is principal of the High 
School in Hyde Park, Mass. E. H. Kimball is a 
merchant in Bath, Me. C. A. Perry is a Congrega- 
tional minister in Boston, Mass. W. A. Robinson is 
master in one of the Boston schools. W. H. G. 
Rowe is a manufacturer in New York. Bion Wilson 
is a publisher in Portland, connected with the Lake- 
side Press. Aside from this list there have been no 
changes. 



^54a>:Ei\5ii^^f4if^c.TUREFy 







( 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 

COMMENCEMENT NUMBER. 



Vol. XXI. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, JUNE 24, 1891. 



No. 5. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 

PUBLISHED EVERT ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY DURING 
THE COLLEGIATE TEAR BY THE STUDENTS OF 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE. 

EDITORIAL BOARD. 

E. A. PuGSLET, '92, Managing Editor. 
J. 0. Hull, '92, Assistant Managing Editor. 

H. C. Fabyan, '93, Business Manager. 
F. V. GUMMER, '92. M. S. Cllfford, '93. 

J. B. F. Hodgdon, '92. C. W. Peabody, '93. 

H. W. Kimball, '92. H. B. Andrews, '94. 

F. "W. PiCKARD, '94. 

Per annum, in advance, $2.00 

Single Copies, 15 Cents. 

Extra copies can be obtaiued at tlie bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Editor. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Com- 
munications in re;jard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Conti'ibutions (or Rhyme and lleasou Department should be 
sent to Box 951, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal notes sliould be sent to Box 930, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post-Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 
CONTENTS.— Vol. XXI., No. 5.— June 24, 1891. 

Editorial 65 

Misoellanv: 

'Ninety-Four's Dinner 70 

Commencement Exercises : 

Baccalaureate Sermon 71 

Junior Prize Declamation 7S 

Class Day [79 

Exercises in Memorial 79 

Oration [79 

Poem '. §.2 

Exercises Under the Old Oak, 84 

Opening Address, §4 

Class History 86 

Class Prophecy, .... i S9 

Parting Address, .* 94 

Smoking the Pipe ol Peace, '. ! '. 94 

Singing the Ode, 95 

Class-Day Ode '. .' 95 

Cheering the Halls, ! ! ! 95 

Dance on the Green, Town Hall ! ! '. .95 

Medical Graduation, ! ! 96 

Oration ! * 96 

Phi Beta Kappa ! ! ! 99 

Meeting of the Board ot Overseers and Trustees, .' .' .' 99 

Meeting of the Maine Historical Society 100 

Alumni Game, 101 

Commencement Concert *'.'.'. 101 

Fraternity Reunions ".!'.'. 101 

Alumni Meeting ! ! .* 102 

Commencement Exercises \ ' 10^ 

Commencement Dinner and Speeches ". '. ' ](i3 

President's Reception, ' ' 113 

Class Reunions ■.113 

Examinations for Admission, 

Ehyme and Reason, 'lie 

CoLLEGii Tabula, 116 

Athletics, '117 

T.M. c. A ; ! : : 118 

Personal 118 

College World, '.'.'.'. '.vm 




issue of the Orient is devoted 
largely to Commencement matters. In it will 
be found the baccalaureate sermon in full, an 
account of the Junior j^rize declamation, the 
class-day parts in full, an account of the 
medical graduation with the parting address 
to the class, notes on Phi Beta Kappa, the 
alumni game. Commencement concert, frater- 
nity reunions, alumni meeting, class reunions, 
etc., etc.; also an account of the Commence- 
ment exercises and Commencement dinner, 
together with several of the after-dinner 
speeches in full, and copious extracts from 
the others, as far as we are able to get them ; 
also notes on the President's reception and 
the incoming class. 

It gives us pleasure to furnish so much 
that may be of interest to the alumni and 
friends of the college who were not able to 
be present during the Commencement season. 
To give so full an account as we have done 
has caused us to go to a much larger expense 
than usual, and the issue itself will be far 
from paying for itself. Yet, as the custom 
of issuing a large Commencement number 
has been established, it seems necessary that 
it should be followed at this time. It is 
hoped that the entire edition may be sold, 
otherwise the custom of publishing so heavy 



66 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



a number must cease. The price of extra 
copies of the present number post-paid is 
twenty-five cents each ; they can be had by 
addressing Thomas H. Nichols, Brunswick, 
Maine. 



TJ7HE Goodwin Commencement jarize was 
-*■ awarded to Mr. A. S. Dyer. We have 
not published Mr. Dyer's article in this issue 
of the OEiEKT-as it can readily be found in 
that of April 1, 1891. The article is entitled 
"The Influence of Science upon Religion," 
and is the same that took the '68 prize. 



COMMENCEMENT week is truly the most 
enjoyable season of all the college year. 
The campus is then dressed in its richest 
green and the air is of the right temperature 
to make it delightful to lie in the shade of the 
trees or to loiter about among them. Exam- 
inations are then over and one is filled with 
that cheerfulness due to the vivid realization 
that a step onward has been taken. At this 
season common-place objects and places have 
a new and increased interest, and one finds 
much more enjoyment in showing his friends 
' about than ever before. There is enough 
variety to the programme to prevent mo- 
notony, and the large number of alumni from 
the venerable and distinguished men of the 
classes of fifty and sixty years ago to the 
young and vigorous ones just returned after 
an absence of but a year or two, meeting and 
greeting one another in that hearty informal 
way so peculiar and characteristic of the 
college man, adds a charm that is always absent 
on any other occasion. All this being true 
certainly every undergraduate ought to lay 
his plans better than he now does for remain- 
ing and participating in these festivities. 
Commencement furnishes about the only op- 
portunity that the undergraduate ever has of 
feeling the real influence and power of the 
institution to which he belongs, for it is then 



that he sees the men together who represent 
it in the various fields of activity, and it is 
then that he receives inspiration, if he ever 
does, to step out into the world and make 
himself a part of the force that rules the state 
and society. 



MR. GEORGE T. FILES of the class of 
'89, who has been a tutor at Bowdoin 
for the past year, has been elected to be in- 
structor in German for three years, with 
leave of absence for two years to study in 
Europe. Mr. Files will immediately leave 
for Berlin. This certainly speaks well for 
the college's appreciation of the merits of 
her own graduates. 



TT MAY be of interest to state here that 
-^ the prospects are brightening in all de- 
partments of our athletics. The Base-Ball 
Association is on a solid basis. The Navy 
has enough subscriptions due to meet its obli- 
gations, which are not at all large. The Poot- 
Ball Association can see its way clear to pay 
a large share of its indebtedness without tax- 
ation, and the Athletic Association has a bal- 
ance in the treasury. This is indeed pleasing. 
Now let every man when he comes back next 
fall pay every cent he owes to any association 
on the first day of his appearance on the 
campus. It can be done with a very little 
calculation. If it is done we shall be free 
from debt in everything but foot-ball, and 
shall be carrying a light load there, we shall 
also know right where to begin and just what 
to do in laying out the fall games. We must 
never get into deep water financially again, 
even if we have to cut out some of our sports 
to prevent it 



IN THE last issue before the long vacation, 
we have thought it best to speak of the 
base-ball situation. The season did not end 
so satisfactorily as it appeared at one time 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



67 



that it would, and in the opinion of many, as 
is usual, Bowdoin is the party that is entirely 
to be blamed that it did not. It further 
seems to be the opinion that Bowdoin has no 
right to anj' explanation or voice of protest in 
the matter whatever. This being the fact, 
and the season having been for some time 
closed, it may seem to be out of place to 
enter upon a review of the situation here, yet 
we deem such a review necessary in order 
that Bowdoin men may have a clearer under- 
standing of the matter themselves, even if 
what is here said has no effect upon opinion 
elsewhere. The facts in the case, so far as 
we have been able to get at them — and we 
have had prettj- good opportunities for so 
doing — are as follows : At the beginning of 
the season a schedule of six games was to be 
arranged to be played by Bowdoin and 
Colby, and an agreement was signed whereby 
all games between the clubs were to be 
played under the national rules. 

Matters progressed well enough till June 
6th, when the games stood 3 to 1 in favor of 
Bowdoin. On that date Colby won a game on 
Bowdoin's grounds, which did not then, and 
does not now, appear to have been played in 
accordance with the rules agreed upon. At 
this game, Bowdoin having failed, tii rough 
no intention on her part, to secure the regu- 
lar umpire, Colby claimed the right to clioose 
tlie umpire, and as a result tiie tenth man of 
the Colby team, in uniform, umpired the 
game. Bowdoin denied that tliis was in 
accord with the rules agreed upon and pro- 
tested the game before it was played, and 
after it was over handed in a formal written 
protest. Colby would not recognize this 
protest and both parties sent to N. E. Young, 
the president of the National League, for a 
decision on the point at issue. In the mean- 
time, the remaining game of the series was 
played at Waterviile, and with all Waterville 
and all the base-ball spirit of Maine to cheer 
them on, Colby won by one score in an eleven 

2 



innings contest, in which Bowdoin played 
up hill from start to finish, and never lost her 
head, or her courage, or her heart. This 
made the games stand 3 to 3, counting the 
protested game for Colb}'. 

On the date of this last game the Bowdoin 
manager told the Colby manager he would 
play a deciding game provided that the 
decision by Mr. Young was against Bowdoin. 
Later in the day the Bowdoin manager left 
a note at the room of the Colby manager, 
stating, in effect, the same thing, and still 
later, in the evening, the two men met and 
again the Bowdoin manager made his quali- 
fied statement to the Colby manager. There 
was also a willingness expressed by Mr. Drew, 
of Bowdoin, to meet Mr. Chipman, of Colby, 
at Lewiston, on June 12th, to arrange for the 
deciding game, provided, as before, that 
Bowdoin's protest was not sustained. This 
meeting did not take place. Mr. Drew had 
already received notice from Mr. Young, of 
the National League, saying that the game 
should be played over again on Bowdoin's 
grounds. Later in the day, on which the 
managers were to meet in Lewiston, Mr. 
Chipman, of Colby, came to Bowdoin, and 
Mr. Drew, in company with him, drew up a 
new statement of the case, though Mr. 
Chipman refused to be bound by the decision 
in case it was in favor of Bowdoin, and sent 
it to Mr. Young for decision again. The 
reply was as before, that the game should be 
played over again. Mr. Drew notified Colby 
and asked that the game be played over 
again, June 18th. Colby replied that she 
would positively not play the game over 
again. Upon this Mr. Drew sent word to 
the Colby maiiager that the Bowdoins would 
not meet the Colbys in a deciding game, for 
there could be no such a game arranged until 
the protested game was played again. 

It is said that Bowdoin showed no man- 
hood in not refusing to play the game at 
Lewiston. We see no reason for such a 



68 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



statement. We refuse to pass over a decision 
in our favor, and let Colby rim the games to 
suit herself. The question is asked why we 
submitted to an umpire from the Colby team. 
It was because a large company were present 
who had payed admission, and the game 
could be had on no other condition. Under 
these circumstances it was thought best to 
play under protest. 

But why ask Bowdoin to answer for 
everything? Why not inquire what reason 
Colby had for putting in one of her own 
men on that occasion instead of some 
one not connected with either college, or 
why did she so strenuously refuse to play 
that game over again if she had the best 
team ? We won half of the scheduled games 
in a better way than Colby won what she 
claims as hers. We did not play the game at 
Lewiston, because, in so doing, we should 
have yielded a point in the face and eyes of 
a decision in our favor. In closing, we ought 
to say a word as to the finances of the asso- 
ciation. The management started in with 
a debt left them from last year. They in- 
creased it by purchasing the canvas to fence 
the grounds. All this has been paid up, 
and there are enough subscriptions due to 
meet the few remaining bills. We are glad 
to note this fact, and Mr. Drew is to be 
congratulated for it. In one respect, at 
least, we have been indisputably successful. 
To the deciding game at Lewiston, which 
it is claimed was forfeited, we do not 
attach any importance whatever. Partial 
arrangements may have been made for it on 
the part of Bowdoin, but they were only 
partial, and in making them, the point had 
not been yielded that the protested game 
should be played over again. When our 
management saw clearly' that Colby would 
never play the protested game, it was decided 
to cancel the proposed game at Lewiston, and 
a telegram was sent to Colby to that effect. 



JlfHE expedition to Labrador, composed of 
^ men connected writh this college, and 
under the supervision of Professor Lee, also 
of Bowdoin, is attracting a great deal of 
attention throughout New England, and is 
likely to bring great credit to the college. 
It is a very rare thing that a few men from a 
single college undertake to carry out such an 
enterprise single handed. The affair shows 
that if we have not got as much money or as 
many students as some other colleges, still 
we have got as much of the true " get there " 
spirit in whatever is of real value. 

The objects of the expedition are to 
collect ornithological, botanical, and geolog- 
ical specimens on the land, to explore the 
interior, and settle some points with reference 
to Grand River, to learn more of the life and 
physique of the natives, to ascertain some- 
thing of the character of the sea bottom in 
that locality, and to obtain specimens of its 
animal and vegetable life. If any of these 
things can be approximately done it will tend 
greatly to clear up the general haziness which 
now envelopes that section of America, and 
will be glory enough for the expedition. 
Much more than this will, doubtless, be accom- 
plished. The company is well supplied with 
instruments, boats, and apparatus, for its 
work, the apparatus for dredging being 
furnished by the United States Fish 
Commission. 

The vessel in which the party will sail is 
the Julia A. Decker. It is well fitted for the 
business in hand, is well provisioned, is com- 
manded by an experienced captain, and 
manned by a skilled crew. The company 
going comprises the following persons: Prof- 
L. A. Lee, Parker, '86 ; Carey, '87 ; Cole, '88; 
Eice, '89 ; Hunt, W. R. Smith, '90 ; Cilley, J. 
Hastings, Hunt, Lincoln, P. C.Newbegin, Sim- 
onton, '91 ; Rich and Young, '92 ; and Bagley 
and Baxter, '94; Carey, Lincoln, Bagley, and 
Baxter will form the company to explore the 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



69 



Grand River, and the remainder of the party 
will do scientific work aboard the vessel and 
along the coast. 



TITHE minstrel show, given on Field-Day 
A evening, which we failed to notice in the 
last issue, was a complete success in every 
way, and every member of the committee 
having it in charge, and every man taking 
part in it should receive the hearty congrat- 
ulations of every man in college. Every one 
of the participants did himself proud, so to 
speak. The music, by Grimmer, was of the 
first quality, and that by the college men was 
in line with it. John Pierce proved to be an 
interlocutor right from Interlocutorville, and 
the rattling of the bones by Clifford, Hunt, 
and Gatley, and the beating of the tambos by 
Hastings, Bean, and Whitney, were worthy 
of the darkest of darkies from the southern- 
most of southern plantations. The chorus 
balanced the parts of the individuals in a 
decidedly pleasing manner, and was certainly 
composed of first-class material. The jokes 
were original, and just as bright, witty, and 
pointed as one could wish to hear, the Bruns- 
wick cops being hit hard and often. 

Dana rendered his difficult selection in a 
most acceptable manner, and John Hastings 
soared heavenward on his " White Wings 
(now pair)." Murphy, of the Medical School, 
had a selection full of inteiest, and he exe- 
cuted it in a manner worthy of a professional. 
Galley's yodling was good enough to secure 
him a position with a first-class troop if he 
wanted one, and his sayings were truly 
" Bonapartean." " In Absence " was given by 
a quartette composed of Burleigh, Dana, 
Murphy, and Lazell, in a way that made 
every man who did not hear it regret his 
own absence deeply. Lazell sung " Love's 
Golden Dream" right royally, and Clifford, 
-,well, he was clear "out of sight." " The Bow- 
doin Swells " was one of the most amusing 
and pleasing features of the entertainment. 



Hilton and Hubbard did some good work, 
such as one rarely sees even at an exhibition 
by the best of troops, and Butler and Lord 
showed themselves to be rising stars. The 
banjo solo, by Rich, was a fine embellish- 
ment of the occasion, and Pierce and Whitney 
shook the clogs like veterans. 

The Fall Meet of the Bowdoin Athletic 
Association was an exemplification of the 
annual athletic exhibition in some respects, 
and brought down the house, the rope pull 
and high diving being laughable in the 
extreme. 

The applause throughout was long and 
loud, and the performers were called 
back time after time. Yes, the thing 
was a success from the charring of the cork 
in the beginning, to the "Come Again" at 
the end. Mr. E. C. Mitchell, of Portland, 
had charge of the affair, and he certainly is 
entitled to great praise and credit for the 
manner in which he did the business. 

The success of the affair has, we hope, 
established the custom of having an annual 
minstrel show on the evening of Field Day 
for the benefit of our athletics. If we are to 
continue to carry on all the sports in which we 
are now engaged, certainly they must receive 
aid from some source outside of themselves, 
and we can think of nothing that can be 
made that source more readily than the 
minstrel show or something of that nature. 
An annual event of this kind would distrib- 
ute the labors and honors of keeping the 
college before the public notice. It would 
give those who are not athletes, but good 
singers and good actors, an opportunity to 
put forth their energies for the advancement 
of college interests, and at the same time to 
win some honor for themselves. 

There would of course be a great deal of 
labor in getting up such a show annually, but 
then a great deal of work is annually done in 
getting up the athletic exhibition, and in pre- 
paring for the boat races, and the ball con- 



70 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



tests, and all this work is done by the men of 
an athletic turn. In fact they are now about 
the only men among the undergraduates who 
are doing anything for the reputation of the 
college. It is certainly nothing more than 
fair that those of us who are not athletes 
should do something in this direction, and 
if possible aid in paying the expenses of the 
crew and teams when they go into contests 

in other states. 

The show, we are pleased to say with 

all our greenness at the business, netted fifty- 
four dollars for the foot-ball treasury. Next 
year we can make it a hundred if we try, 
and the next still more. Keep the ball a-roU- 
ing! A program me of the exercises will be 
found in the Collegii Tabula. 



i§0ellai^g. 



'Ninety-Four's Dinner. 
TT7HE annual custom of observing tlie 
-^ emancipation from Freshmanship was 
duly celebrated by the class of 'Ninety-four, 
at the Falmouth Hotel, Portland, on Friday 
night, June 9th. After a preliminary skir- 
mish at the station, the ex-Freshmeu departed 
in car number '94 for the scene of festivities, 
and, during the trip, the haunted and anxious 
look upon the faces of those who doubted 
very much the propriety of their presence 
there, owing to the extreme severity of 
Professor Moody's examination, was chased 
away, and sublime liappiness and content 
took its place. At Portland, Ingraham and 
Burnham, former members of the class, 
resumed their places in its ranks as it wended 
its way toward the hotel. About ten o'clock 
twenty-nine 'Ninety-four men sat down to 
the following delicious and well-served 

dinner: 

Little Neck Clams. 

Mock Turtle (clear), Club Style. 

Cucumbers. Tomatoes. 



Boiled Salmon, Egg Sauce. 
Parisienne Potatoes. New Peas. 

Spring Lamb, Mint Sauce. 

Maslied Potatoes. New String Beans. 

Sweet Breads, with French Peas. 

Charlotte Kusse. 

Grouse, with Jelly. Quail, on Toast. 

Strawberry Ice-Cream. 

Cake. Fruit. 

Coffee. Cigars. 

When dinner had been enjoyed to the 
fullest extent, Mr. Wilbur introduced Mr. 
T. C. Chapman, the toast-master of the 
dinner; and Mr. Chapman in turn called 
upon Mr. Bagley for the opening address, 
who delivered it in a bright and entertaining 
way. The toast-master, after a few words of 
welcome and of pleasure at being with 
'Ninety-four once more after his somewhat 
prolonged absence from its midst, then pro- 
posed the toast of the "Faculty," to which 
Mr. Knight responded in such a manner as to 
conclusively prove that, as a whole, our 
Faculty is a body of great wisdom and ability 
in spite of his analysis of them individually, 
wherein one was "omniscient, omnipresent, 
omnipotent, — the terror of the li'reshmen." 
Mr. Chapman then spoke of the interest felt 
in a "Scarred Old Battle-Field," which brought 
forth Mr. Ddna's excellent response to the 
toast, the "Campus," in which 'Ninety-Four's 
foot-ball and rope-pull victories were com- 
memorated. Mr. Farrington, in response to 
the toast, " The Gym," spoke of the folly 
of attempting to gain a sound mind with- 
out a sound body; of the advantages 'Ninety- 
four had already derived from Gym work ; 
of the far greater advantages she might derive 
in the future by steady, conscientious appli- 
cation to this branch of college training; 
and especially of the evident athletic material 
in the class. Mr. Butler excited great mirth 
and levity in his response to the toast, " Upper- 
classmen," by a story which surelj' showed 
that the " beers were on " a certain 'Ninety- 
three man, notwithstanding the fact that 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



71 



they had apparently been on a member of 
'Niiiet3'-four, and caused profound satisfaction 
to be expressed by the sentiment that, with 
the departure of 'Ninet3'-one, the dignity 
of upperclassmen would, of necessity, fall on 
'Ninety-four. The subject of "Girls," not 
only of Brunswick'sfair ones, but of "sisters" 
and "cousins" at home, was treated in an 
inimitable way by Mr. Libby, who, by his 
droll discourse, kept all present in a constant 
chuckle. Mr. Chapman expressed his regrets 
that no one of the class had considered him- 
self able to respond to the toast, "Perennial 
Freshmen," — perhaps because each and every 
one was bound to " climb up higher," and 
requested Mr. Burnham to undertake the 
task, which Mr. Burnham did amidst applause 
so terrific that it showed that " though gone 
he was not forgotten," and also that lie was 
tiie most popular speaker of the evening. 
He confessed his inability to perform the task 
put upon him, but made some very pleasant 
remarks on, " How Fall Term, Sophomore 
Year, Should be Opened." 

The toasts were now completed, and the 
exercises were continued according to the 
printed order of the programmes. 

An Ode by Mr. Andrews, air, "Auld 
Lang Syne " was then sung, and was fol- 
lowed by a ringing 'Ninety-four yell. Mr. 
Nichol's oration, delivered in a straightfor- 
ward, yet graceful manner, characterized by 
practical thoughts of " Formation of the 
Character," and full of good advice, certainly 
deserved, in no wise, the apology which he 
made for it. At its close, 'Ninety-four stood 
up and sang Mr. Haskell's Ode, air, " Co-ca- 
che-lunk." 

The only drawback to the whole enjoy- 
ment of the exercises was the absence of 
Mr. Michels, the Class Poet, who had been 
detained at the last moment, and thus the 
omission of the Poem was unavoidable. 

"'Ninety-four's bright History," the record 
of her successes and victories, was glowingly 



recounted by Mr. Plaisted, and clearly demon 
strated that the past was sufficiently brilliant 
to insure the fulfillment of Mr. Pickard's 
bright dreams in regard to 'Ninety-four's 
eternal happiness. In these days, an original 
prophet is almost an impossibility, but not 
quite so, as Mr. Pickard proved ; for he, in 
harmony with the spirit of the age, turned 
his thoughts toward the future state, and, 
after a trip to Heaven and the lower regions, 
returned with the gratifying intelligence 
that almost all the 'Ninety-four men were 
angels. 

In spite of " complaints at the office," 
" Phi Chi " was vociferously shouted, the 
class yell given again and again, and then, 
ushered out by good-byes and farewell hand- 
shakings, the reality of 'Ninety-four's first 
class dinner became a thing of the past; but 
the memory of it, as the pleasantest event of 
Freshman year, will always remain. 



Gnpnraeneeprperpt ^xeF©i|,eii. 



Baccalaureate Sermon 

By Eev. William DeWitt Hyde, D.D., Pkesident of 
BowDoiN College, 

Delivered before the Class of '91, at the Congregational 
Church, Bninswiclc, Me. 



Truth and Love.— 7/. John Hi. 

Conceited pedants and stupid ecclesiastics liave 
always been busy in getting up coniiicts between 
scholarship and Christianity. In one age it was 
about the motions of the heavenly bodies ; in 
another, about the age and structure of the earth. A 
generation ago it was the origin of species and the 
descent of man. To-day it is the date and authorship 
of certain books of the Bible. 

It is high time to have the spheres of scholarship 
and Christianity defined, that preachers and pro- 
fessors may know their proper place and mind their 
own business. 

The business of the scholar is the pursuit of truth. 
He is to state the facts as he finds them, and to form 
his theories to explain them without regard to 
traditional dogmas, or assembly votes ; without 
interference from courts, civil or ecclesiastical, and 



72 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



without iutimidation of mobs, clerical or lay. To do 
more than this, the scholar's duty is to be a charlatan 
and a demagogue ; to do less is to be a coward and 
a deserter. And the man or set of men who try to 
force the scholar to do more or less than this write 
themselves down as destitute of apjireciation of the 
scholar's vocation, and incompetent to pass judgment 
on his results. Truth is the object of scholarship, 
and by fidelity to that the scholar must be judged. 

Christianity is love to God and love to one's 
fellow-men. This is the supreme spiritual grace, 
and by this Christian character is to be tested. To 
keep these two together, without encroachment or 
conflict, has been for centuries the unsolved problem 
of Christian education. From the first, Christianity 
has been tempted to subordinate scholarship to her 
own ends. PMlosophia theologim ancilla was the 
scholastic doctrine. In one sense this is just and 
right. Scholarly work should be subordinated to the 
Christian spirit and motive. But in this sense the 
scholar is no more subordinate to Christianity than 
the manufacturer or the merchant. There is, how- 
ever, another sense in which Christianity may try to 
subordinate scholarship to itself. Christianity may 
set up a body of doctrine, and tlien call in scholar- 
ship to prove, illustrate, and propagate that doctrine, 
with the express understanding that it is just that 
doctrine, no more, no less, no other, that the scholar 
shall discover and proclaim as true. If this is the 
interpretation of the relationship, then it makes of 
scholarship not the free and willing servant of the 
Christian spirit, as every pursuit ought to be, but it 
reduces scholarship to the position of a fettered 
and ignoble slave. 

Against the attempt to force scholarship into this 
degraded attitude, it is our duty, in the interest of 
both pure Christianity and sound scholarship, most 
earnestly and "indignantly to protest. We must 
demand that scholarship shall have in relation to 
Christianity a position, not of servitude, but of 
freedom. Like Abraham, we must not rest satisfied 
with the assured offspring of the bondwoman, but 
must remember that to the child of the free wife the 
promise is held out. I admit that in our day it 
requires faith equal almost to that of Abraham to 
trust the Christian cause to a free and unfettered 
scholarship, and to lay our dearest hopes and most 
sacred convictions upon the altar of critical inquiry. 
But there never was a time when man could come to 
the living God except by the way of a faith that is 
ready to risk all for the sake of truth and righteous- 
ness. And often it is not until we have bound our 
child upon tlie altar, and stretched forth our hand 
and taken the knife to slay him, that we hear 



the voice from heaven, and find the tangled 
ram, and learn to call the spot Jehovali-jireh, and 
gain therefrom renewed assurance of the universal 
presence and providence of God. 

We must give up the attemjjt to keep our flock in. 
the pasture by tying pokes around their necks, and 
blinders over their eyes. We must rely solely on 
the superiority of the pasturage we oft'er. We must 
seek not the cowardly subjection of a constrained 
scholarship by a Christianity that distrusts its power 
to win scholarship by fair and open presentation of 
its claims, but the consenting union of a self- 
respecting scholarship with a courageous Chris- 
tianity, if scholarship and Christianity, hand in 
hand, are to lead the march of the modern mind. 

The scholar is the man whose ideas are clear and 
distinct. The untrained mind receives into itself 
indiscriminately and confusedly the heap of impres- 
sions and convictions which sensation and tradition 
dump at its door. The contents of such a mind are 
in the condition which Ovid ascribes to chaos. 

" Rudis indigestaque moles. 
Quaque fuit tellus, illic et poutus et aer: 
Sic eratinstabilis tellus, innabilis unda, 
Lucis egens aer: nulli sua forma manebat 
Obstabatque aliis aliud, quia corpore in uno 
Frigida pugnabant calidis, humentia siccis, 
Mollia cum durls, sine pondere, habentia pondus." 

Such a crude, undifferentiated mass of unsubstan- 
tiated assertion and exploded theory and unsifted 
rumor ; such a medley of premises you can not rely 
upon, processes you cannot verify, conclusions you 
can not prove; such an unstable equilibrium of 
opposing tendencies ; such an incongruous conglom- 
eration of contradictions ; such an unreconciled 
juxtaposition of truth and falsehood, fact and fiction, 
history and fable, prose and poetry, science and 
superstition is the mind of man before the spirit of 
scholarship has breathed upon the dark and formless 
waste. To reconcile this strife, to reduce this, chaos 
to a cosmos, to assort and classify its elements, is the 
mission of the scholar. 

In its most fundamental aspect, scholarship 
reduces all propositions to four classes, according to 
the proportion of truth they seem to contain. The 
first class consists of propositions expressing what we 
know. The things that we ai-e absolutely sure of; 
things that we have verified in our own individual 
experience ; things that we cannot deny without 
bringing upon ourselves utter intellectual confusion ; 
these things alone the scholar puts into this first class 
of things known. Of these things that we know, the 
axioms of mathematics are a secular example. The 
need of our hearts for an unchanging and worthy 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



73 



object of trust and devotion is an example frotn the 
religious sphere. 

The second class includes propositions express- 
ing things believed. Reason in the race is not 
less reliable, and is vastly more rich in acqui- 
sition than the reason of the individual can be. 
It is only an infinitesimal fraction of accepted 
truth that the individual can verify imme- 
diately for himself. For the great mass of his 
information he must rely on the concensus of com- 
petent witnesses and investigators. Whatever does 
not contradict his individual experience, and is 
attested by the testimony of the vast majority of 
qualified experts is worthy of belief. The rules of 
grammar, the laws of science, the institutions of 
society are accepted for the most part by all of us on 
the authority of those who are conversant with such 
matters. In religion, the doctrine that Jesus Christ 
is worthy and able to satisfy the soul's need of a 
supreme object of trust and devotion is worthy of 
belief on precisely the same grounds. For the 
testimony of the thousands and tens of thousands of 
those whose spiritual experience of his way and truth 
and life constitute them competent experts on that 
point is almost unanimous in its attestation of 
Christ's power to uplift and renew the life of those 
who trust Him. Things thus believed are just as 
reliable a basis of action as things known. If we 
were to wait, either in things secular or religious, to 
subject every working hypothesis that we receive 
from the great world of thought and action to the 
process of individual verification before acting upon 
it, we should remain forever within the confines of 
the nursery. In science, in religion, in practical 
affairs, these working hypotheses are perfectly 
reliable, and he who professes to distrust them on 
intellectual grounds is as absurd as a man who 
should refuse to eat food until he had tested its effect 
upon his own system ; or refuse to go into the water 
until he had learned to swim. In every sphere 
where we are called upon to act, .such confidence in 
the conclusions of the race must precede, and 
individual verification must follow, the first steps 
we take. If after adequate individual experience 
the verification does not come, then it may be allow- 
able to pause, but not before. When the conclusions 
of the race contradict adequate individual experience, 
then the individual is justified in attempting to revise 
those conclusions. But the mere absence of indi- 
vidual experience, the inability of the individual, in 
advance of experience, to verify for himself those 
conclusions, aifects not in the least degree their 
theoretical credibility, and ought not to delay for an 
instant the performance of any duty to which those 



conclusions point. We can bow humbly and 
reverently before the authority of universal reason 
expressed in the unanimous consensus of the 
competent, without abrogating one whit of the 
independence and ultimate sovereignty which, as 
children of that same reason, rightfully belongs to 
us. We can and must believe more than it is 
possible for us as individuals to verify and know. 

The third class of propositions in the scholar's 
mind is that of things doubtful. Matters on which 
there is no clear agreement between authorities, and ' 
in which we ourselves have not the qualifications 
of an expert, belong to this class. An example of 
this from the secular sphere is the precise point 
at which the advantages of a protective tarilf which 
unquestionably accrue to a nation, viewed solely as 
composed of manufacturers, begin to be more than 
counterbalanced by the equally obvious disadvan- 
tages the tariff brings upon a nation, viewed solely 
as composed of consumers. As to where that limit 
of beneficial protection comes, there is no agreement 
among economists and statesmen, and you and I 
have not sufficient knowledge of the infinite details 
of the problem to decide certainly for ourselves. 
We have our oijinions and are doubtless pretty 
decided in them ; but if we are honest and candid, 
we must confess that it is not much more than an 
opinion after all. 

In Biblical criticism, the question whether the 
earlier historical books of the Old Testament 
are a miraculously produced and miraculously 
preserved contemporaneous account of a largely 
miraculous history ; or whether they are the product 
of a much later age, in which the spiritual tend- 
encies of preceding generations, and the spiritual 
insights of living leaders are given a pseudo- 
historical setting, in perfect accord with well- 
recognized ancient and oriental literary custom, in 
order to enhance their popular impressiveness ; or 
just where between these two extremes the truth 
may lie ; is a question which every scholar to-day 
must leave entirely open, until, after a fair and 
unprejudiced examination of the arguments on both 
sides, he has reached a conclusion which is as clear 
and candid as his idea of Rome under the kings, 
or the Greeks at the siege of Troy. The scholar 
must see to it that things which are doubtful are set 
down in the doubtful class, and not foisted up by 
extraneous considerations into the class of things 
believed or known. 

The fourth class is that of things denied. 
Examples of this in secular things are the universal 
efficacy of bleeding in medical treatment ; the mer- 
cantile system in political economy; the prolonged, 



71 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



enforced stillness of young children in education. 
In religion they are the notion that the world was 
made in six literal days, the doctrine of infant 
damnation, the literal interpretation of such books 
as Job and Jonah. These things both lack the 
support of those most competent to judge, and they 
contradict whatever is sane and sure in our own 
thinking, and sound and wholesome in our 
own feeling. Hence every person worthy of the 
name of scholar to-day throws these things into the 
waste-basket of things absolutely denied. 

Let me resume in a brief definition the charac- 
teristics of each class. Knowledge is truth held on 
the evidence of individual verification. Belief is 
truth accepted on the authority of its apparent 
congruity with our partial experience, and the 
approximate unanimity of those whose wider 
experience renders them experts. Doubt is our 
attitude towards propositions whose congruity with 
our individual experience is not obvious, and con- 
cerning which experts are more or less evenly 
divided. Denial is our rejection of propositions that 
are abhorrent to our private judgment and have 
little or no support from competent authorities. 

The scholar is the man who keeps these four 
classes of propositions distinct from each other in 
his mind. He sifts everything that comes to him, 
giving over the chaff to the winds of denial ; sub- 
jecting uncertainties to the winnowing of doubt ; 
preserving the grains of truth in the store-house of 
belief; and converting the accumulated products of 
belief by personal verification into coin for the 
treasury of knowledge. This process he must do 
with absolute freedom and sincerity. He cannot 
pledge himself in advance to this or that conclusion. 
To do so would be not merely the death, but the 
degredation of scholarship — a thing far worse than 
death. He must be less afraid of the name of heretic 
than of the shame of believing in a lie. Better is it 
not to think at all, than to think in lines laid down 
for one in advance. Laughing to order is not more 
hollow, being happy to order is not more impossible, 
loving to order is not more repugnant, than is 
thinking to order base and cowardly and con- 
temptible. 

The guidance of a wider reason, thought in- 
deed welcomes, and the acceptance of such 
guidance is, as we have seen, the basis of belief. 
But constraint, compulsion, interference, — that is a 
very diiferent thing, and the scholarly mind will 
have none of it. Scholarship is a jealous mistress. 
She will follow the intimations of reason truthfully 
and gladly to the ends of the earth. Say to her 
" Come, for in due time you will see for yourself 



that this is true," and she will trust her life and 
fortune in your hands. Say to her, " Go, or some- 
thing dreadful will happen to you," and she says, 
politely, but firmly, " No, I thank you." 

Scholarship builds straight roads, and where the 
compass points, there the road must go, though it be 
through the very heart of oapitol or temple, 
Scholarship is not radically individualistic. It does 
not refuse the guidance of the stars in the firmament 
of human thought and experience ; but neither is it 
blindly subservient. It does not place implicit con- 
fidence in every guide-post tradition has set up ; and 
if the directions of the guide-post are accompanied 
by bribes and rewards for following their advice, or 
threats and penalties for rejecting it, then scholar- 
ship is especially wary of them. To her open- 
minded truthfulness, all this superfluity of oath and 
asseveration seems to come of evil and to argue 
insincerity. The scholar, then, is the one who, keeping 
these four classes of propositions clear and distinct, 
sets himself with utmost energy and with entire 
honesty, and with perfect freedom, to arrange the 
several facts of the subjects which he studies in the 
classes to which they properly belong ; and one's 
rank as a scholar is proportioned exactly to the 
diligence, the efficiency, and the sincerity with 
which he works at this, the scholar's task. 

If, then, we are agreed that the scholar is one 
who discriminates clearly and distinctly the measure 
of truth contained in propositions, we may tui'n now 
to ask, what is the mai-k of the Christian? 

The Christian is one who clearly and distinctly 
chooses the Christlike in his conduct, and repudiates 
and repents all else. As the unscholarly man 
permits a confused mass of contradictions to lie side 
by side, undiscriminated, in his mind, so the 
unchristianized man sufl'ers a chaos of conflicting 
motives to possess an alternating and unregulated 
sovereignty over his will. The noble and the 
iarnoble, the arenerous and the mean, the kind and 
the cruel, the gentje and the harsh, the sympathetic 
and the indifferent, take turns in prompting his tongue 
and guiding his hands. He has moments of regret 
and remorse, but no clear-cut line of conscientious 
self-determination runs down between these two 
classes of motives, placing the real man in the unity 
of will and afi'ection clearly on the one side or the 
other. The Christian takes the Christ whom the 
gospels portray, and whose spiritual supremacy, as 
we have seen, falls easily within the class of things 
credible, and makes Him the center and test of 
motive to be cherished and conduct to be approved ; 
and all that contradicts and opposes this Christ- 
like spirit he repudiates and repents. Such a person 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



75 



is a Christian. Do you aslj, " How do you linow ? " 
I reply, Clirist recognizes and accepts liitn. 
Imagine sucli a person coming to tlie iiisloric Jesus 
and saying: " I linovv tliat I need a spiritual master 
and friend. I believe you are worthy to be that 
master and friend I need. I will try my best to keep 
your commandments, follow your example and do 
your will. I will take every opportunity to learn 
more of you ; and every time that I realize that I dis- 
obey you, or come short of what you- would have me 
be, or forget that I am yours, I will come to you and 
confess it all and try again. I must tell you that I 
have my doubts about a good many things that your 
followers have believed, and some of these things 
my reason compels me utterly and absolutely to 
deny as false. With this knowledge of my need, 
with this belief in you as worthy and able to satisfy 
this need, with this purpose of entire devotion, with 
these doubts and denials about sundry incidental 
matters, just as I am I come to you. Will you take 
me to be your follower and disciple and friend?" 
Think you that the Jesus of the gospels would 
hesitate an instant to receive one coming in this 
way, or would greet him with a cross-examination 
into the fine points included in his doubts and 
denials? The Christ of papal Rome, of protestant 
Geneva, of Puritan New England, the Christ of 
ecclesiastical councils, and denominational news- 
papers and church committees might be guilty of 
such a blunder; but the Jesus of Nazareth and 
Bethany and Jerusalem, the Jesus who spoke on the 
Galilean mount, and taught by the Samarian well, 
and proclaimed glad tidings on the shores of 
Gennesaret, and dined at the publican's house in 
Jericho, and bore witness to the truth in Pilate's 
judgment hall, — never. To all such His word is 
— "Come; and him that cometh to me I will on no 
grounds cast out; least of all on grounds of 
intellectual honesty." 

The Christianity of Christ is an afl'air, primarily, 
supremely, and ultimately, of conduct and character, 
and any speculative views of truth, any theoretic 
construction of the universe, which does not militate 
against the Christian ideal of character and conduct 
is consistent with the fullest spiritual fellowship with 
Christ, the most regular standing in his real church. 

Of course there is an intellectual basis for every- 
thing. One can not be an astronomer unless he 
believes there are stars. One can not be an 
electrician unless he recognizes electricity. One 
can not be an architect unless he recognizes certain 
laws governing the arrangement of materials. One 
can not be an economist unless he accepts certain 



facts and forces concerning the production and 
distribution of wealth. In like manner one can not 
be a Christian unless he believes that there is a law 
of love, embodied in the life and death and teaching 
and example of Christ, which has a right to govern 
human conduct. If one feels compelled in fidelity 
to truth to deny that there is any such spiritual 
principle in the universe, any Father in Heaven; 
and to deny that Christ presents this higher life to 
men, and if he conforms his life logically to that 
denial, then he is not and cannot be a Christian. 
But the reason even then is not ultimately that his 
views in themselves are false ; the reason for his 
exclusion from the fold is that the life which 
logically issues from such convictions is at variance 
with the Christian life. Now there are a great many 
things which have been commonly supposed to 
belong to the Christian system, which scholarship 
may call in question ; and undoubtedly there are 
some articles in the commonly accepted creed of 
current Christianity, which sooner or later scholarship 
will completely and conclusively disprove. But the 
men and women are very, very rare whom a fair 
and candid examination of the constitution of the 
world and the character of Christ will compel to 
deny that there is any ideal and eternal standard of 
right conduct at the heart of things, and to disbelieve 
that the life and spirit of Jesus is founded on that 
eternal righteousness, and is expressive of that 
divine goodness and grace. If any man, in 
the earnest and honest pursuit of truth, is carried 
beyond the acceptance of these fundamental truths, 
and if he permits his conduct to become the logical 
expi'ession of this chaotic creed, then Christianity 
becomes for him impossible. 

If, however, our doubt is compelled to stop short 
of denying all righteous rule to the universe, if our 
denial is compelled to pause and pay reverent 
tribute to the supreme loveliness and authority 
of the personal character of Jesus, if in all candor 
and honesty we are forced to recognize that the 
spirit of Christ is worthy to be enthroned in that 
place of supreme practical guidance and inspiration 
which is reserved for God alone, then there is no 
possible speculative conclusion to which we can 
come which in the slightest degree militates against 
the fullest, freest, devoutest Christianity. If this 
fundamental faith in the holy will of God the 
Father, the ethical supremacy of Christ his son, 
and the regenerating and sanctifying presence of the 
Christian spirit in the hearts and lives of men be 
present, and if it calls forth the hearty response of 
an entire affection and devotion, and produces the 



76 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



fruits of a blameless and helpful life, then the 
Christianity of Christ is there in all the fullness of 
its spiritual essence. 

You will ask, however, Is there not a systematic 
science of theology, and are not its doctrines of great 
importance? Certainly there is such a science, and 
its teaching is of great importance. But one's 
Christianity does not depend upon correct views on 
these things. On the scriptures, on miracles, on the 
rationale of salvation, on the significance of the 
sufferings of Christ, on the conditions of the future 
life, right opinion is important; and yet the widest 
differences of opinion are consistent with equal 
worth of Christian character. 

Darwin and Agassiz held views diametrically 
opposed on such fundamental matters as the prin- 
ciple of classification, and the origin and limits of 
variation. Yet they both were ardent and devoted 
students and lovers of nature, and you cannot deny 
to either one a place in the first rank of naturalists ; 
and we should think ourselves extremely fortunate 
to sit at the feet of either one in any department of 
natural history. Professor Whitney and Max 
Miiller are by no means agreed on all questions of 
philology. Yet neither one is likely to lose his 
university position or forfeit his standing as a master 
of the science of language on that account. In like 
manner, differences of theological opinion on all 
points save the very fundamentals I have indicated, 
are consistent with the equal claim of the differing 
brothers to Christlikeness of spirit and life. For 
whoever has the spirit and mind of Christ, and like 
Him is devoted to the doing of the Father's will, 
has the sole and all-sufiicient credential of Christian- 
ity. For as the pursuit of truth is the mark of 
scholarship, so devotion to Christ is the essence of 
Christianity. 

If we have sufiiciently discriminated scholarship 
and Christianity, it will be an easy task to determine 
their relations to each other, and to see whether 
there be any antagonism or opposition between them. 

Scholarship is open-minded devotion to truth. 
The opposite of scholarship is blind and perverse 
assent in what is known or suspected to be false. 
Between truth and falsehood, between the spirit of 
inquiry and the spirit of bigotry, between bold 
freedom of discussion and the timid constraint of 
special pleading, there is irreconcilable hostility. 
The incompatability of light with dai'kness is not 
more fundamental and insuperable than is that 
between scholarship and this narrow, cowardly, 
specious intellectual procedure. But this narrow- 
ness and unfairness and timidity of mind is not 



Christianity. Christianity is the life of God in our 
hearts, loyalty to Christ, love of our fellow-men. 

And this Christian love is not so insecurely 
grounded that it must build a scaffolding of credulity 
to stand upon. Truth and love are not opposed. 
They are twin sisters, daughters of the Most High 
God; and scholarship is the pursuit of one, and 
Christianity is devotion to the other. No antagonism 
is possible between that uncompi-omising fidelity to 
truth which is the mark of the scholar, and that 
loving devotion to the glory of God and the good of 
man, which is the characteristic of the Christian. 

But, you will ask, have not these two tendencies 
been arrayed against each other, and are there not 
multitudes of unscholarly Christians and unchristian 
scholars in the world to-day? Alas, I must confess 
that there is the appearance of such an antagonism, 
and were it not a crying evil in the world to-day 
you might have been spared this lengthy demonstra- 
tion of the essential oneness of the two tendencies. 

And yet this opposition is not real. Where it 
exists it is a sign either that the scholarship never 
has gone deeper than the shallow vanity of possess- 
ing certain intellectual accomplishments, or else 
that the Christianity has never advanced beyond the 
hollow conceit of entertaining a few correct theolog- 
ical opinions. It is a sign that each, instead of 
minding its own business, is meddling with the 
business of the other. 

The business of scholarship is the pursuit and 
discrimination of truth, and here it has the right to 
be supreme. But when scholarship undertakes to 
furnish the motive power of human conduct, she is 
as much out of her sphei'e as the compass would be 
if it should try to propel a steamship by burning 
itself in the furnace. The compass is supreme on 
the question of directing the course, but it becomes 
ridiculous when it sets itself up as a rival to the 
coal, as a means of generating propelling power. 
When the scholar assumes that because he is a 
scholar therefore whatever motive happens to be 
propelling his life is good enough and powerful 
enough to make the voyage of life a complete 
success, then and then only his perversion of the 
sphere and function of scholarship comes in conflict 
with the essential sphere and mission of Christianity. 

In like manner the spirit of Christ is supreme 
within the sphere of spiritual motive and inspiration. 
Within this sphere it rightfully resents the slightest 
intrusion of rivalry or opposition. It demands of 
the scholar that all his powers and attainments 
shall be zealously, fearlessly, and lovingly devoted 
to the promotion of the common good, regardless of 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



77 



personal consequences. But the Christian spirit as 
such, standing by itself alone, is as incompetent to 
determine the course thought shall take, or the con- 
clusions it shall reach on controverted questions, as 
the coal in tlie furnace is incompetent to give direc- 
tion to the course of the ship and guide it to its 
destined poit. And the man or set of men, who, 
simply because they are Christians, loudly proclaim 
for themselves and prescribe for others conclusions 
on questions of biology, geology. Biblical criticism, 
or metaphysical theolog}', are as ridiculous and out 
of place as a heap of coal in the place of the 
compass, or a crowd of stokers attempting to 
manage the wheel. Bear this in mind, when you see 
a scholar who is in aggressive antagonism with the 
Christian spirit, be sure that his scholarship is 
a scholarship of the heart and not of the head; 
in other words, that it is no scholarship at all. 
And on the other hand, when you see a Christian 
who is opposed to the conclusions and the method of 
scholarship, be sure that his Christianity is a 
Christianity of the head and not of the heart; in 
other words, that it is not Christianity at all. When 
you get these two together, a scholar with this 
proudheart-soholarship, and a Christian with this 
coldhead-Christianity, then and then only the 
conflict between scholarship and Christianity 
becomes furious and irrepressible. 

Either scholarship or Christianity, heartily cher- 
ished and faithfully followed, is an incentive to the 
other, and requires it as its complement. Follow 
the scholar's vocation and it leads your thought up 
through boundless stellar spaces, and down into 
fathomless depths of the infinitesimal ; and everj'- 
where laws of wondrous harmony and forms of 
surpassing beauty come forth to greet the inquiring 
mind. The scholar goes back to the earliest dawn 
of history and watches man 

" Move upward, working out the beast. 
And let the ape and tiger die," 

and through the process he sees an increasing 
purpose run. 

He is ever liearing the voices of departed seers 
and singers, speaking words of wisdom, reciting 
deeds of daring, portraying the mighty passions of 
death-defying souls, and finds in the literature and 
life of man the expression of a thought and love 
akin to his own, yet infinitely grander and purer. 
Let a man accustom his thoughts to dwell in these 
high and holy i-egions, and think you his heart will 
be content to live cramped and confined within the 
petty limits of his individual environment, to feed 
on the crumbs of domestic detail and social gossip, 
borrowing 



" Of all the thousaad nothings of the hour 
Their stupefying power? " 

For a little while this may answer, but the con- 
tradiction is soon forced back upon our minds. 

"Ah, yes, aud they benumb us at our call ! 
Yet still, from time to time, vague and forlorn. 
From the soul's subterranean depth upborne. 
As from an infinitely distant land, 
Come airs, and floating echoes, and convey 
A melancholy into all our day." 

The sad lucidity of soul wliich finds utterance in the 
plaintive strains of all the modern poetry of doubt is the 
protest of the heart, refusing to iDe comforted so long 
as its affections are denied the right to claim as their 
own those infinite and eternal habitations in which 
the scholar's thoughts abide. Unless some relation 
of afiection and devotion is possible toward all that 
scholarship makes clear and beautiful, then that 
which is so beautiful and inviting to the mind is but 
a hideous mockery to the heart ; and the scholar is 
left more homesick and lonely with every advance in 
a science that presents no point of personal contact 
and communion between its Infinite Author and the 
heart of its interpreter. Because the mind and 
heart of man refuse to be divorced, therefore it must 
ever be that true advance in the scholarly pursuits 
will beget within the heart a yearning to lay hold 
on the goodness and love of that Infinite and Eternal 
God, of whose thoughts and purposes all our 
knowledge is the reproduction. 

As scholarship faithfully followed presses ques- 
tions which point toward Christianity as their 
solution, so in turn Christianity, devoutly accepted, 
sends back to scholai'ship new facts for formulation. 

Let the love of God and the life of Christ possess 
the soul of man and these seeds of the Christian 
faith can not long abide alone or remain unfruitful. 
They will sprout and bud and blossom in due time 
into a theology of their own. Let me, in closing, by 
way of prophecy, pluck from this vine a few flowers 
which I trust erelong will bloom in all your hearts. 

This life of simple devotion to the personal 
Christ as Master and Friend, will not tell you 
definitely about the authors and the dates of compo- 
sition of tlie books of the Bible; nor will it of itself 
draw for you the line between chronology and alle- 
gory, fact and fable, poetry and prose. It will, 
however, lead you to esteem as supremely precious 
the literature which describes the spiritual charac- 
teristics of the race from which this dearest and best 
Friend came, which faithfully narrates the words of 
truth He spoke and the deeds of love He performed, 
and tells the story of all the pain and shame he 
suffered, and the peace and power he infused into 



78 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



the hearts of as many as received him. And this new 
and real appreciation of the unique spiritual fresh- 
ness and inspiration of these writings will demand 
of your scholarship some class-name which shall 
adequately mark otf these matchless narratives and 
letters from all the other literature in the world, and 
in casting about for words to express your apprecia- 
tion and conviction, you will hardly tind belter 
terms than the old words " inspired" and " holy. " 

This personal relation to Christ will not tell you 
whether this, that, or the other occuiTcnce related in 
these scriptures is to be regarded as supernatural ; 
or whether the tendrils of spiritualizing interpreta- 
tion have so entwined themselves about some trunk 
of natural phenomenon that in process of time the 
foundation of natural fact has been quite obscured 
by the rich foliage of spiritual meaning. And yet it 
will demand of scholarship that it leave in its theory 
of the universe a place for such well-attested signs 
and wonders as are inseparable from reliable narra- 
tives, and which are in perfect accord and keeping 
with the unique power you feel sure this transcend- 
ent personality must have had over the minds, wills, 
and even the bodies of those on whom his sympathy 
and affection was bestowed. 

This life hid with Christ in God will not initiate 
you into all the mysteries in the doctrine of the 
Trinity. But it will make it increasingly clear to 
you that the idea of God that is hinted to your eye 
by the beneficence of nature, and whispered in your 
ear by the authority of conscience, is in essence one 
with the spirit and life that were made visible and 
real in the person of the historic Christ, and that 
these two are one. And increasing intercourse with 
Christian people will gradually bring you to the 
glad consciousness that the Spirit which is Divine, 
and was in Christ, is not far off in space and time, 
but that he dwells here in the world to-day, the 
Inspirer and Sanctifierof multitudes of human hearts. 

This new life of itself will not make us experts 
in psychology. But it will demand that psychology 
shall have a place in its account of mental 
phenomenon for the unquestioned fact that by 
humble and penitent renunciation of the life of the 
flesh and trustful and loving surrender to the life of 
the Spirit, a man has power to pass from a state of 
discord and death to a state of life and peace ; and 
that by continued deepening reception of the new 
Spirit, he can grow steadily in the graces and gifts 
of the spiritual life. 

This following of Christ will not give you cut and 
dried theories of atonement ; but it will make clear to 
you that this new life of love could only have come 
to the world in and through one in whom the selfish 



world-principle was crucified ; one who could not be 
diverted from his pathway of loving devotion to the 
glory of God and the good of man by the worst that 
human selfishness and hate could compel him to 
endure. This you will understand, and you will 
also see that you can enter His kingdom and be His 
disciple only as you walk the same straight and 
narrow way of self-sacrifice and self-devotion. 

This childlike obedience to Christ will not solve 
all the riddles of human destiny. But that sin is 
infinitely and eternally contemptible and miserable; 
that righteousness is forever and ever glorious and 
fair ; and that the difference between the two is 
immutable and everlasting ; these things your spirit- 
ual experience will declare with no uncertain sound. 

Thus out of the roots of a simple devotion to 
Christ as Lord and Master there will spring forth all 
the essential elements of a theology at once intel- 
lectually clear and spiritually profound. 

Members of the graduating class : The crowning 
wish of the college for you all is that truth and love 
may be united in your minds and hearts. Fearlessly 
devote your minds to the scholarly pursuit of truth 
and yield your hearts as unreservedly to Christ. 
Let your ideas be clear-cut as the diamond ; your 
logic keen as steel, your conclusions free as purest 
gold from dross of error or alloy of superstition. 
Then let the light of Christian love shine upon these 
clear-cut thoughts, let the electric cirrrent of 
Christian consecration dVive these keen-edged tools 
to their appointed work ; let the white-heat of 
Christian enthusiasm put your scholarly conclusions 
to the test of practical work in the real world. So 
shall the beauty, the strength, the service of your 
lives demonstrate to the world that as light is to the 
jewel, as power is to the tool, as fire is to the metal, 
so is the faith and hope and love of the Christiansto 
the facts and formulas and laws of the scholar. 
Thus may there be fulfilled in you that prophetic 
benediction of which my text is the concluding 
words: Grace, mercy, and peace shall be with us, 
from God the Father, and from Jesus Christ, the Son 
of the Father, in truth and love. 



Junior Prize Declamation. 

0N MONDAY evening, June 22cl, a large 
audience gathered in Memorial Hall to 
listen to the Junior Prize Declamations. 
The contestants were closer together than 
usual. The preparation of the parts was 
thorough and of a high order, and the general 
interest in the exercise lasted from the 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



79 



beginning to the end, despite the absence of 
music, which, by the way, is coming to 
characterize our prize contests, more and 
more, especially when the list of contestants 
is not long. The followingis the programme: 
Burning of the Capitol. . . Bulwer-Lytton . 

Henry C. Emery, Ellsworth. 

Demosthenes Choate. 

Charles S. Rich, Portland. 

Parrhasius and the Captive. . . . Willis. 

Theodore S. Lazell, Rockland. 

Greek Revolution Clay. 

Frank Durgin, Cornish. 

Mary Stuart Bell. 

Daniel Mclntyre, Dover, N. H. 

Joan of Arc DeQuincey. 

James D. Merriman, Litchfield. 

New England Town. .... Long. 

Fred V. Gummer, Brunswick. 

Character of Pitt Grattan. 

John C. Hull, Woodfords. 

AWARDING OF PRIZES. 

The judges were Rev. Frank C. Haddock, 
Weston Thompson, Esq., and Barrett Potter, 
Esq. The first prize was awarded to Cliarles 
S. Rich, and the second to Frank Durgin. 



Class Day. 

OFFICERS. 

President, G. A. Porter. 

iMarshal F. M. Tukey. 

Committee, . . E. Hilton, G. H. Packard, 

P. C. Newbegiu. 

Exercises in Memorial. 
On Tuesday at 10 o'clock a great company 
assembled in Memorial Hall to hear the first 
part of the Class-Day programme. Tlie class 
made its usual fine appearance as it passed up 
the aisle to its seats on the platform. H. C. 
Jackson, of the class, offered an earnest 
prayer ; the Orator, Mr. A. K. Newman of 
East Wilton, was then introduced, who spoke 

as follows : 

Oration, 
the catholic church. 

Bt a. K. Newman. 
Never was there an institution more worthy of 
our unprejudiced consideration than the Roman Cath- 



olic Church. Other institutions have come into being, 
have exercised their influence over a limited territory, 
for a limited pei'iod, and then have passed away. 
The Catholic Church arose young and vigorous when 
the Roman Empire was sinking gradually into decay, 
and from that day to this she has been one of the 
most potent factors in shaping the destinies of 
nations and of men. Throughout the Middle Ages 
her power was at its height. Kings bowed before 
her commanding presence, and the people gave to 
her unquestioning obedience. But in the sixteenth 
century the most enlightened nations of Europe had 
grown out of their minority, and reached that state 
of civilization when they would no longer be led and 
commanded. The Reformation followed. The I'e- 
formers made a stand for freedom of thought. They 
would no longer believe in the infallibility of any 
man or council, or remain longer under the tyranny 
of the priesthood. 

Now we, as we stand upon the vantage ground 
of the nineteenth century, and look back upon the 
bigotry, ignorance, and superstition of the Middle 
Ages and then compare it with the intelligence and 
freedom of thought of later times, are prone to think 
that the Catholic Church, instead of having been 
an aid to humanity has done much to retard its prog- 
ress. And as we look about us to-day and see her 
not crushed by the Reformation, but still possessing 
the faith and devotion of many nations and of people 
in every country ; as we see her still exercising her 
old prerogatives ; and as we see her followers upon 
the whole to be the most superstitious and ignorant, 
we are prone to think that she is now retarding 
progress, and that she is a menace to the freedom of 
thought of the nineteenth century. But the more we 
look at her history, and the influence she is exerting 
to-day, the more clearly do we see that she has per- 
formed a great and noble mission, and that she is 
still a great benefit to the human race. 

In the early days of Christianity Christian society 
was o-overned in accordance with republican 
forms. There was no distinction between the clergy 
and the laity. Men in the consciousness of a com- 
mon faith came togetlier for the sake of worship and 
mutual aid. But as Christianity became the religion 
of the Roman Empire, gradually the need of a closer 
union and a stronger government made itself felt, 
until in the fifth century, the Catholic Church emerged 
as the governing power of the Christian world. Her 
constitution was naturally modeled after that of th& 
Empire under which she arose. She was entirely free 
and independent from those whom she governed. 
She exercised in religious matters as arbitrary an 
authority, as ever an European monarch did in polit- 



80 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



ical. From the highest authority down through an 
unbroken gradation of power she transmitted her 
edicts and bound the whole Christian society into one 
organized and harmonious body. 

And now Rome, who had protected her and who 
had been so long powerful and victorious, was as- 
sailed and overcome. Those places made so famous 
by the presence of her soldiers, statesmen, and 
scholars ; those edifices which rose towards heaven 
as an eternal witness of her greatness, her liberty, 
and her government, — all were trampled under the 
feetof a ruthless, barbarous hoard. Every extended 
idea, every bond of union was destroj'ed. Only 
remnants of the old civilization stood for a short 
period in an isolated and local condition. The 
country was the scene of war, devastation, and 
misery. The barbarians had thrown down the old 
institutions and they had not replaced them with any- 
thing new. 

At this time of disorder and ignorance, the 
Catholic church commenced to play an important 
part in the history of the world. That an institution 
like this, possessing unity, strength, independence, 
and having for its field the guidance of the human 
intellect, should have great power, was inevitable. 
Rome had perished, but she had given to the church 
her system, and this mighty organization was to 
conquer more nations, and accomplish more for the 
human race, than did ever the Eternal City. 

When by the fall of the Western Empire the 
church was brought into contact with the rude people 
from the north, her first impulse was to save herself, 
to convert them. Many forms and ceremonies were 
introduced. She appealed to their imaginations. 
She filled them with awe and admiration. It was 
not so much the divine life of Christ, his teachings, 
in other words, Christianity itself which attracted 
them, as it was her splendor, mysticism, great 
promises, and pretensions. When a more simple 
form of w^orship would have perished, this form 
rapidly grew in strength from day to day. 
First, those who had overrun the Empire were 
converted and then gradually all the people of 
Western Europe. But she did not stop by making 
them nominally Christians. Churches and monas- 
teries were established in great numbers among 
them, and soon they became imbued with her doct- 
rines and with the truths of Christianity. 

Thus did the church win to herself those people 
whose descendants were to form the most powerful 
nations of Europe, and this was perhaps as great a 
work as she ever accomplished. If she had not 
existed, if the Christian society had not been organ- 
ized, if the truths of Christianity had not been em- 



bodied in a unified and powerful institution, and that 
institution one adapted to the people with whom it 
then came in contact, Christianity, instead of becom- 
ing the religion of the conquerors, would have been 
trampled under foot. 

We will now notice the beneficial influence which 
the church exerted, throughout the Middle Ages, 
over the political, social, and intellectual condition 
of those uncultivated people who became her strong- 
est supporters and most devoted followers. 

First, we will notice her beneficial influence over 
their political condition. 

It was most advantageous for these people to be 
united under one religious institution. Love for indi- 
vidual liberty was their chief characteristic. The 
inhabitants of one district made war upon those of the 
next. Such a thing as a national government was 
impossible. But as the church united these men into 
one body the old local and tribal distinctions and 
prejudices commenced to decline, and they began to 
see that there were broader interests than those which 
they had recognized before. Thus it became easier 
for them to be united politically. But even after ex- 
tensive governments had been formed, her influence 
was still beneficial. She helped to unify the people, 
to make them see that they had common interests, and 
often did she take their part against an unjust and 
despotic ruler. She also furnished those men who 
were best able to guide tlie ship of state, for the 
clergy wei-e the only educated class, and men were 
not pre-eminent in her order, because they were 
of noble birth, but because they had shown them- 
selves to be the superiors of their race. The church 
in those ages was the only democratic institution. 
She alone made it possible for a man of great ability, 
but of humble birth, to rise to that position which he 
merited. And we can never forget what the world 
owes to those ecclesiastics and statesmen like Dun- 
stan and Stephen Langton. 

Thus did the church unify and benefit each nation, 
and become also the only common bond between 
them. She helped to soften that feeling of contempt 
and hatred which is always felt in its earlj' stages of 
development by one nation towards another ; and she 
was the only power which could have united them all 
against that Asiatic people who, inspired by a false 
religion, was threatening their very existence. 

We will next notice her beneficial influence over 
the social condition of the people. 

It was not the least thing, in an age when the 
mighty ruled and tyrannized over the weak, that 
there should be a powerful institution which stood 
for right and justice. The church was a protection 
to the people. She restrained the rulers of the land 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



81 



from violence, and within her precincts did the op- 
pressed and suffering of all ranks find protection 
and aid. By her democratic spirit she helped to 
break down the exclusive barriers between classes ; 
and we cannot help seeing how much our free in- 
stitutions are due to this fact. The church did not 
appreciate the whole truth of Christianity, but her 
doctrines and precepts were immeasurably better 
than any that had been before. In an age of 
flagrant wickedness she raised up men whose sanctity 
excites our deepest reverence. She inculcated 
a better life among the people, and was the 
chief agent in freeing the slaves and serfs. She 
gave a new sanctity to marriage, and raised woman 
from a position of dependence and practical servi- 
tude to her true position as an equal and helpmate 
of man. 

Finally, to see the beneficial influence which 
the church exerted over the intellectual condi- 
tion of men we have only to look at the writ- 
ings of the Dark Ages. All literature was then 
permeated with theology. Theology was considered 
the chief science, and the others were pursued mainly 
because they supplemented and aided it. Hence, 
some have supposed that in those ages the church 
hindered the advancement of knowledge by making 
it all-subservient to lierown ends. How different are 
the facts ! The states were unable to do anything 
for the mental welfare of their people. The church 
had many schools, and later, universities. It is true 
that most of them were fountled for the education of 
the clergy, and that very little was done for the 
direct enlightenment of the masses. Thus naturally 
the aim of education was theological, allliough the 
sciences and ancient literature were pursued. But 
it was not a slight thing that there should be 
one educated class even if the education of 
that class had a tendency to be partial and 
one-sided. The clergy, by their personal contact 
with the people and by their discourses, did 
much to raise the general intelligence ; and from the 
quiet and security of the monasteries, there began to 
issue a literature. Thus did the church keep alive 
during those Dark Ages the sacred fire of learning, 
which without her would have entirely died out. 
Surely, the questions which she most agitated 
were trivial and had too little connection with the 
pressing wants of humanity, but by exercising the 
minds of men, she brought them out of darkness and 
to that stage where it was possible for them to ac- 
complish great results. 

Thus did the Catholic Church do much to bring 
those peoples who are now most powerful out of 
ignorance and chaos to a comparatively high state of 



political, social, and Intellectual development. The 
Middle Ages were not a period of the least importance, 
a dreary blank in history, as many are inclined to 
regard them ; but they comprise a time when a newer 
and higher civilization, although aided by the relics 
of the old, was being built up on a new foundation. 
Although the influence of the church was in the 
main beneficial, I do not wish to convey the idea 
that it was always so. Often were her interferences 
In political matters injurious, often she did not 
respect the liberties of those whom she governed, 
and often she tried to compel belief and to insure 
her own supremacy by persecution. Her preten- 
sions to infallibility and her denial of the right of 
the exercise of the individual reason also did much 
harm . 

But, only those will rave against the narrow and 
persecuting spirit of the church in past ages, who 
do not stop to consider that an institution is the effect 
of public opinion, as well as the cause of it. The in- 
stitution is the thought realized, objectified. In it 
one can read the character of those who maintain it. 
If the people are bigoted, ignorant, and supersti- 
tious, these characteristics will be found embodied in 
their organizations. It would have been impossible 
for a liberal church to have existed in the Middle 
Ages. Bigotry and superstition were the necessary 
attributes of the church of those days. But the fun- 
damental parts of her system, those which make her 
the Catholic Church, are the ones which have been 
most criticised, and here is where the greatest mis- 
take with reference to her has been made. She has 
been considered by many as the Devil's masterpiece, 
as an institution admirably fitted by her separation 
from the people, and by her claims to infallibility to 
keep people in ignorance and superstition. Such 
criticisms and views are wrong, for an institution 
which may be useless or detrimental in one age may 
be the greatest blessing in another. 

We believe that a republican form of government, 
a government of the people, by the people, and for 
the people, is the best form ever devised by man. 
And so it is for us. We are capable of ruling our- 
selves, of looking out for our own interests, and any 
power placed over us and separated from us, would 
lessen our freedom and hinder our advancement. 
But there are other stages of civilization where such 
a form of government is impossible, and where a 
monarchical form, with all its faults and abuses, is 
the most beneficial, and, in fact, the only one 
that can exist. At a certain stage, if men are to 
progress, they must have a political power above 
them to unify and control them, although this power 
may often be tyrannical and unjust. And the same 



82 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



is true as to their religious government. A church 
must be suited to its environment. People in a low 
state of civilization are no more able to solve the 
deeper mysteries of life and to govern themselves 
religiously than they are to govern themselves polit- 
ically. At a certain stage a religion of authority 
and a priesthood is inevitable and beneficial. 

The Catholic Church was adapted to the people 
during the Middle Ages, and consequently it ac- 
complished much good. But, close to the beginning 
of the modern era, a new learning commenced to 
arise. Men's minds were quickened to a higher 
activity. They would no longer be ruled arbitrarily, 
but demanded a share in their own government. 
The state became democratic, and it was also neces- 
sary for the government of the church to change. 
The time had gone by when she might be the in- 
fallible authority to all people. Men now demanded 
the right to judge for themselves in religious matters. 

Reformation accomplished much by freeing at 
once the foremost people of the earth from an in- 
stitution which they had outgrown, and which now 
would have retarded their progress. But nations 
and men do not all make the same advancement 
at the same time, and there were many to whom the 
Catholic Church in the time of the Reformation was 
still suited and who still clung to her. And, as welook 
about us to-day we see that this church is stilll a 
benefit to humanity, as it was in the Middle Ages. 
Through the windows of her churches and cathedrals, 
darkened by the purple robes of martyrs and of 
saints, the light streams in upon a multitude of 
people whom no other power could bring into the 
presence of their Maker. 

Protestantism aids those who are ))rosperous and 
surrounded by all the gifts of nature, but Catholic- 
ism comes more often to those who are in poverty 
and degradation. It lightens their cares and gives 
them hope for the futui'e. It brings them into the 
presence of a power which is above them and which 
binds them to a higher and more moral way of living. 
And it will be a long time before the Catholic Church 
will outgrow her usefulness. As Macaulay wrote : 
"She saw the commencement of all the governments, 
and of all the ecclesiastical establishments that now 
exist in this world, and we feel no assurance that 
she is not destined to see the end of them all. She 
was great and respected before the Saxon had set 
foot on Britain ; before the Frank had passed the 
Rhine; when Grecian eloquence still flourished at 
Antioch ; when idols were still worshiped in the 
temple of Mecca. And she may still exist in un- 
diminished vigor when some traveler from New 



Zealand shall, in the midst of a vast solitude, take 
his stand on a broken arch of London Bridge to 
sketch the ruins of St. Paul's." 

At the conclusion of the Oration, the band 
gave one of its fine selections. Mr. Mallett 
then delivered the Class-Day poem. 

Class -Day Poem. 

By W. G. Mallett. 
The vision that controls the artist's mind. 
And guides his cunning hand to execute 
His wondrous art, speaks ever more of youth. 
Its rounded outline and expectant hope, 
Promise of future things, the pregnant germ 
Whose near awakening doth sure project 
New hope and vigor into life's embattling host 
Inspires the artist's sonl. Whether it be 
From block of Parian marble that 'tis shaped 
Or high Pentelicus her tributes gives, 
A form divine comes forth that ne'er is old. 
Immortal youth ! The soul's most ardent wish 
Expressed in ancient art when Gods stood forth 
Or, when the painter's soul breathed forth an Angelus, 
Or modern sculptor with his moulded bronze 
Makes Liberty the ideal of the world. 
And minds less noble seek the charmed fount 
To drink the antidote of sickening age. 

And youth is beautiful. 
'Tis free from care and Life is buoyant then ; 
And yet that self-same freedom is not felt ; 
And buoyancy alone were naught at all. 
Except comparison had given it age. 
The stream that's ruffled by the passing breeze 
May please the eye, but ocean's ceaseless roll 
Awakes the soul to grander thoughts by far 
With its throbbing pulse that seems to feel. 
Age reaches down through hope, reward, desire. 
And touches youth and gives it all its 
Charm by aspiration and ambition's power. 

I. 

'Twas summer time. The soft warm breath of June 
Gave to each passing breeze a gracious rich perfume. 
Meadow, wood, and glen all said the season's time 
With nodding grasses, waving leaves, or brooklet's 
soothing charm. 

11. 

A silver stream, that 'Iween its widening banks did 

glide 
From forest-nurtured fount to greet the ocean's tide. 
Paused in its onward course e'er its last leap it took 
To be the great sea's part, no more a little brook. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



83 



A pleasant spot it was beneath the strong tree's shade, 
Girt round with mossy banlis a clear deep pool was 

made ; 
And in its richest depths a pictui-e floated fair, 
Which told that streamlet's lite, the forces acting 

there. 

IV. 

The banks all pebbles strewn reflected from below. 
The banks whose ribboned sides had guided its 

ceaseless flow. 
The trees, the clouds, the sun whose shade and rain 

and light 
Had given the brook its birth or guarded its tender 

life, 

V. 

Were all remembered there in affectionate farewell, 
To influences felt, in words it could no.t tell. 
The picture had a background of richest azure blue 
Caught from the infinite depths above by the quiet 
depths below. 

VI. 

And life is but a stream with current rushing on 
To join the mighty deep, to us the Great Unknown. 
Unconsciously the brook glides down to meet the sea ; 
Wb're consciously moving upward into eteruitj". 

VII. 

Each has its small beginning in half obscurity; 
Each moves resistlessly on into immensity. 
To lose itself perchance in something to be done ; 
To flnd itself anon the victory nobly won. 

VIII. 

Life has its pauses. Some spots along its way 
Seem charmed to stillness, or, being brought to bay. 
By what to next o'erleap, it basks in present bliss. 
Reflects upon the past with thoughtful happiness. 

IX. 

And so we rest to-day, part of our life course run. 
The preparation past, the work scarce yet begun. 
We've roved 'mid changing scenes, 'mid influences 

sweet. 
We gladly give to all the gratitude that's meet. 

X. 

And they were pleasant ways, though upward we have 

trod. 
And our feet have sometimes slipped, or diflicult the 

road 
As onward we have toiled to gain some fairer height, 
Which owned a wider view for our ambitious sight. 

XI. 

The past is pleasant, nay, I should not say the past, 
'Tis an ungrateful word and I am loth to cast 



So much of ingratitude e'en as the smallest tithe 
Upon the well-used moulds that fashioned our plastic 
lives. 

XII. 

Nothing of act is past. Time only has its tense. 
Whatever has been, is, for fear of consequence 
Or anxious soul to fence, we'd teach ourselves to say 
" What's done is done." The future naught to pay. 

xni. 
Yesterday lives to-day. To-day will ever be ; 
Unnoticed perhaps by us, yet in our destiny 
Our acts are crystal drops, reflecting God's pure light, 
Or dark and opaque from motive base upon a sea of 
white. 

XIV. 

Think ye the tiny dew-drop that yesterday graced 

some blade 
Was given, a glittering gem, in morning's sun to 

fade ? 
Ask of the lengthened stalk whence its new life it 

drew. 
Its life to-day is a changed form of that sparkling 

drop of dew. 

XV. 

In state or power to do, we are what we have done. 
Then call not past what's in us wrought, changed 

perhaps in form. 
Nor slight what first was used but now lies far below 
The ascending heights above toward which we aim 

to go. 

XVI. 

We pause a moment thus to gaze reflectively. 
One barrier more to pass, and then the open sea. 
Of action deep and wide. Already 'neath our feet 
We feel its pulsing motion and hear its surges beat. 

XVII. 

The cooling breezes blow from off its restless tide, 
And fins to flame the energy that longs to put aside 
The intervening veil, the lingering skirts of Time, 
KnA prove- the untried strength, not sufler it to pine. 

XVIII. 

O youth impetuous! O spirit brave and true ! 
Thou hast defeat to meet, and victories '11 crown thee, 

too. 
But in thy purpose bold tliou hast the magic key 
That opens all before you and leads to victory. 

XIX. 

Ay, so the picture said on the bosom of the brook. 
Below the tree and bank, and farther than eye could 

look. 
Into the sileni depths, was the blue of a summer sky 
Wide-stretching and inttnite, emblem of Deity. 



84 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



So in the river of life God's hand, though in mystery. 
Beneath, around, above the voyager's security, 
Gives courage and purpose firm, and the way of 

life has shown 
To be down the valley of Time from out His very 

Throne. 

XXI. 

Class of '91. 'Tis given another's art 

To speak the farewell words which lie in every heart. 

The long-sought goal is reached, we stoop to take the 

prize. 
Most fair it seemed, at first, when viewed with 

distant eyes. 

XXII. 

But now whate'er its worth we take it with regret. 
We've learned to love the way wherein our courses 

met. 
True, learning's path's a maze, yet paved with pebbles 

bright. 
And shines the way from ignorance to wisdom's 

glittering height. 

XXIII. 

We plucked the roses sweet that decked the mountain 

side. 
And gathered the sparkling gems to labor ne'er 

denied. 
Now on this summer's day, best time of all the year. 
We part, and leave behind the friends and scenes so 

dear. 

XXIV. 
But memories crowd us round to cheer, and sadden, 

too. 
The brightest summer's sky is oft cloud-flecked ere 

noon. 
Her radiance yields anon, and shadows hover o'er 
The bright landscape of morn to darken evermore. 

XXV. 

Two classmates are not here ; their task was sooner 

done. 
What should we say of them who so their life course 

run. 
That youth had 'complished all? 'Tis naught that 

can be said. 
For God's own benediction has rested on their heads. 

Exercises Undee the Old Oak. 
The exercises under the oak passed off in 
a very satisfactory manner. The venerable 
tree, with his numerous younger companions 
near by, rejoicing in their thick vesture of 
new green leaves, and hung about with lan- 



terns, flags, and bunting, aroused the sense of 
the beautiful in every soul, and the benignant 
rays of the sun, streaming through the foliage 
of the campus, sent a thrill of gladness 
through every heart. At 3 o'clock p.m., the 
class again gathered near Memorial, and, 
accompanied by the Salem Cadet Band, 
marched out to the oak, where great num- 
bers were assembled to hear and see the final 
exercises and ceremonies of the day. An 
opening address, class history, class prophecy, 
and parting address constituted the literary 
pi-ogramme. We, give them all in full below. 

Opening Addeess. 

Bt Otto C. Scales. 
Felloiv- Classmates : 

Ladies and Gentlemen, — When we look forward 
and try to anticipate the future, we generally re- 
gard it as the time when our hopes and ambitions 
will be fulfilled. Four years ago the class of '91 
first stepped as Freshmen on this campus. To-day 
our college course is almost completed. The rapid 
strides of Father Time have quickly compassed our 
course and have brought us to the threshold of a 
wider, and it is to be hoped, to a more useful career. 
We are assembled here to-day to celebrate, for the 
last time before leaving college, our victories and 
our successes, which we as classmates have experi- 
enced together ; and to look forward with the hope- 
fulness of youth to the mysteries of the future. 

Some famous poet has said of friendship : 

"It enhances every joy, 
Mitigates every pain." 

This we can truly say, has been our experience. 
We have had many occasions to congratulate one 
another on our class achievements, and we have 
also had opportunities for sharing each other's 
pains. Especially do I remember one examination 
during Junior year in which we did so. On the 
whole, we have had a happy and fortunate career. 
Two electivea, however, might be mentioned, which 
did not aid us in conforming to this rule — " Max- 
well's Theory of Electricity," and the so-called 
"Slaughter of Hernani." These may fittingly be 
called the Scylla and Charybdis of our course, and 
fortunate indeed were those who steered clear of 
both of them. 

It is with feelings of mingled pain and pleasure 
that I stand here to-day to deliver this opening ad- 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



.85 



dress of the last exercises, which as a college class, 
we shall ever conduct. Painful, because I realize 
that these happy aud fruitful college days can never 
be repeated in our lives. Pleasurable, because it 
gives me a feeling of pride to see our class, the class 
of '91, about to step forth from these halls, after 
four years of studious retirement, take a lingering 
look at yonder beautiful stone edifice sacred to the 
memory of patriotic men, cast a farewell glance at 
this broad and beloved campus, bid adieu to these 
graceful spires, and dissolve these class ties, in 
order to unite with that more important life for 
which we have here been preparing ourselves. 

Just at this time when so many young men and 
women are passing through college doors and are 
entering the world of action, the question naturally 
arises: Wby this extensive patronage of our col- 
leges? Why do young men and women think they 
furnish the best preparation for active life? The 
answer is neither hard to find nor difficult to com- 
prehend. It is because long experience has shown 
that the American college is bettor fitted for turn- 
ing out efficient and valuable citizens than any 
other educational institution ever devised by man. 

Traces of education are to be found in the dim 
ages of antiquity, where the light of history almost 
fails to cast its illuminating rays. The Egyptians, 
Persians, Hebrews, in fact every nation which de- 
veloped a literature also produced an educational 
system adapted to its civilization. China possessed 
public schools aud universities centuries before a 
single European nation had emerged from barbar- 
ism. The Jews from very early times took great 
pains with the instruction of their youth, and there 
is an ancient Hebrew legend which says: "Adam 
was the first schoolmaster, Enoch his assistant, 
and Noah his successor." It is probable, however, 
that most modern pedagogues do not realize that 
they are following the footsteps of men so illustrious. 
The Greek and Roman systems were far in advance 
of any of the preceding. They gave ample op- 
portunity for individual investigation and thought, 
and we have their immensely valuable literature as 
a result. Modern education began with the revival 
of letters in the fourteenth century. But the true 
object to be aimed at, that of developing the 
faculties, was not recognized until two or three 
hundred years ago. 

Our colleges are the offspring of the English col- 
legiate system in the universities of the sixteenth 
and seventeenth centuries. Their introduction into 
America has been accompanied by unparalleled 
progress and the widespread diffusion of general 



intelligence. Their object is to develop the three 
sides of man's nature — the moral, intellectual, and 
spiritual ; to give him that grounding in character, 
and control of his faculties, which increase his use- 
fulness in whatever occupation he may be engaged. 
They were the precursors of our excellent common 
school system which could never have come into 
existence and cannot be effectively maintained 
without their influence. To them is ultimately duo 
that general intelligence of the people of the United 
States, which makes our republican form of 
government a success. 

Since mental training has produced such bene- 
ficial results to the people as a whole, it must 
necessarily follow that it is also of great advantage 
to the individual. Man is the product of two 
factors, heredity aud environment. The great 
value of the college is due to the excellence of the 
environment which it furnishes at one of the most 
important crises of human life. At the usual age 
of entering college, that period is passed when the 
moral teaching of the home has its greatest effect 
upon the character. An opportunity to put in 
force the principles adopted is now required. The 
higher mental faculties have reached the stage of 
their fastest development and need food for their 
exercise. At this period also the greatest benefit 
can be derived from intimate association with 
kindred spirits. For such conditions as these the 
college furnishes almost every advantage that can 
be reasonably demanded. 

In later years, on reviewing his younger days, 
Daniel Webster came to the conclusion that the 
greatest benefit he had derived from his college 
course was the ability to do hard mental work. It is 
not the little knowledge gained during four years 
of study which makes the time thus spent bring 
forth such fruitful results, but it is the increased 
power and adaptability of the intellect. For this 
reason the college curriculum contains many studies 
of a disciplinary rather than of a practical nature. 

There is a trite saying, and old sayings always 
have a basis of fact, which says, "You send 
your child to the schoolmaster, but 'tis the school- 
boys who educate him." It is highly probable that 
almost as much real education is derived from 
intimate association with students as from the 
instructor. At least, it is a very valuable supple- 
ment. The conversation of young men, connected 
so intimately in their efforts for self-improvement, 
cannot fail to inspire much valuable thought, and 
to imbue learning with more radiant hues, to give 
her an added charm, and to make her treasures all 



86 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



the more sought. The self-educated man is without 
these inspiring aids, the loss of which can never 
be repaired. 

A penetrating insight into the mysteries of 
human nature is a valuable possession for any one. 
Man has to deal with man, as well as with books, 
and the majority of us far more with the former 
than with the latter. College life, with its great 
sociability, intense fervor, and open-heartedness, 
furnishes the best possible opportunity to observe 
the inward workings of the human soul, and teaches 
valuable lessons of life-long importance. The inti- 
mate contact with other beings works a marvelous 
change in the character. It has been compared to 
the polishing of pebbles. The corners are broken 
off, and the rough surfaces are made smooth — the 
individual is given a more even and rounded nature. 
V The student enters college a youth. He leaves 

it a man. Not a man who has experienced only 
one very narrow phase of life, but one who has 
received the stimuli from many intense and vivid 
interests. He goes out into the world with his 
faculties developed and under better control, and 
with a larger fund of useful information than he 
could possibly have attained in any other way. 
His mental horizon is broadened, and he is much 
less liable to entertain ideas that are narrow and 
distorted. In short, be is in every way better fitted 
to be a successful and useful man. The relatively 
great number of important positions, held by college 
graduates, plainly shows how beneficial are the 
results of such training. Since these men are 
better prepared to understand the problems and 
conditions of life, they have an increased responsi- 
bility placed upon them which it is criminal for 
them to neglect. 

For quite a number of years it has been custom- 
ary, in our large cities, for the better educated men 
to refrain from exerting their rightful influence in 
the administration of municipal affairs. The result 
is the degrading dishonesty and corruption in many 
of our city governments. These men do not suffi- 
ciently realize that by their indifforeuce they are 
entailing much hardship and misery upon their 
own children, and upon future generations. 

We are proud of our Revolutionary forefathers, 
for their noble and far-sighted policy in sacrificing 
so freely their blood and treasure for benefits which 
would accrue almost entirely to future generations. 
Many of the most noble and iufluential spirits of 
those times were men whose liberal education had 
eminently fitted them for the most useful service to 
their country, and they freely came forward to her 



aid. The same patriotic spirit ought to inspire the 
zeal of every college alumnus to take an active 
interest in the improvement and progress of society, 
municipal, state, and national. 

The History, by Mr. Erskine^ was pre- 
pared in that gentleman's usual straight- 
forward and interesting manner, and received 
marked attention throughout. 

Class History. 

By S. H. Erskine. 

The historian who attempts to write of contem- 
porary persons and events, always works at a dis- 
advantage. If he gives an authentic record he must 
inevitably incur the censure of some. The truth is 
not always most flattering and acceptable, but the 
true historian must be faithful to facts regardless of 
praise or blame. His own feelings and prejudices 
must also be overcome. These are very likely to 
color the glasses through which he looks so that he 
sees things in a false light. The present writer has 
endeavored, so far as possible, to eliminate the " per- 
sonal equation " and to give a true, ungaruished 
sketch of the class of '91, during its four years of 
college life. The history of acollege class, like that 
of an individual or a nation, has its dark as well as 
its bright pages, and that of '91 is no exception. But 
as we look back over the four short years that we 
have spent at Old Bowdoin, we find only enough of 
shadow to make the sunshine appear more glorious. 

lu the autumn of 1887 there entered these clas- 
sic shades the largest class of Freshmen since that 
of 1877. Sixty men answered the roll-call, the most 
of them coming from the hills and vales of the old 
Pine Tree State. Massachusetts furnished but 
one, but that one has proved a host in himself. The 
tongue is mightier than the sword, and the immor- 
tal Brown has shown himself master of the former 
weapon. In his verbal conflicts with the Professors 
he has never been defeated, although his opponent 
has often postponed the tournament to a more con- 
venient time. Two men came to us from the shadow 
of the White Mountains. One of these was Home, 
who has done such excellent work on the class aud 
'varsity crews, and who has remained immovable as 
fate while Colby and Bates have writhed frantically 
on the cleats. The other was Riley, who has proved 
himself invaluable to the Professors by giving them 
gratuitous information on all difficult subjects. 
From the distant State of Ohio came the "boy 
athlete," and "Venus," his no less celebrated com- 
panion. For all the others Maine was responsible, 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



87 



and she bas no reason to be ashamed of her delega- 
tion. The historian may say this without egotism, 
as be did not join the chxss until the summer term. 
Our time is too limited to give the personal charac- 
teristics of each member of the class, but perhaps 
some may be brought out in this history. 

The usually fickle Maine skies wore their bright- 
est smiles to welcome '91 to Bowdoin's campus. 
Nature's radiant face was emblematic of our 
success in the athletic contests. In foot-ball, base- 
ball, and rope-pull the despised Freshies were 
easy winners. Almost total strangers to each other, 
they met on the Delta, '90's well-organized team, 
and gained a complete victory. Since then, we have 
always been well represented on the 'varsity team. 
In a recent publication we notice a rather slighting 
allusion to the above fact. After speaking of Bow- 
doin's position in the league last season, it goes on 
to say : " But yet it remains unquestioned that a 
majority of the players were '91 men, and in that 
she well may bo proud." Yes, and she certainly is 
proud. If the other classes had furnished as many 
and as good men, the pennant would now be stirred 
by Brunswick's balmy air. During the entire 
course we have had a man behind the bat who is 
surpassed by no amateur catcher in the State. Our 
second-base man needs no words of praise. Other 
positions have been filled by '91 men who have made 
good records. We have taken an active part in all 
athletic sports, and have won our share, at least, of 
the honors. But we did not start to write a pan- 
egyric, and we should not be equal to the task. 

The sky of Freshman year contained a few 
clouds, and some of them were pretty well saturated 
with moisture. But '91 has no complaint to make in 
that direction, as she has always maintained that 
frequent showers are conducive to the Freshman's 
welfare. Of our peanut drunk no reliable record 
has been kept. 

During the winter term the class contended with 
her mortal foe, Thucydides. In this conflict the 
majority of the class became expert horsemen 
although some preferred the more laborious but 
safer mode of warfare. A few members of the class 
attended dancing school. The fair maidens who 
kindly consented to care for them said they were 
the best partners in tbeir thirty years' experience. 
Of course this is strictly confidential, as it might 
wound the feelings of some of Bowdoin's distin- 
guished alumni. When spring began once more to 
clothe the campus in its garment of green the 
showers, which had ceased with the approach of 



winter, again gently descended, but they proved to 
be more wind than rain. 

In the summer term we met with our first seri- 
ous defeat. 'Ninety's crew crossed the line ahead 
of us, while Parker quoted a few passages of New 
Testament Greek which he had learned from Pro- 
fessor Woodruff. The change from Freshman 
restraint to Sophomoric liberty was marked by the 
most enjoyable event of the course, the class sup- 
per. When we gathered around the board at the 
Falmouth, there were but few vacant chairs. Leary 
had left us to accept an appointment at West Point, 
and Cleaves had been enrolled in that invisible 
army in whose ranks are so many of the young and 
talented. Fifty-eight of the original numbers still 
remained, and the writer of this sketch had been 
kindly received into the sacred circle. 

At the beginning of Sophomore year we. were 
re-inforced by two more men. Bangs decided to 
take a special course in this institution after gradu- 
ating from the University on the Kennebec, and 
Newman came from Mr. Bates's Fitting School on 
the Androscoggin. It would be an almost endless 
task to enumerate our victories during the year. 
For information on the subject please examine the 
prize cups in the Library, which you will find tastily 
adorned with the blue and orange. No '91 man will 
forget his Sophomore year so long as anything ter- 
restrial moves him. The water descended and the 
floods came and beat upon Freshman brashness, and 
great was the collapse thereof. \Te tried faithfully, 
and we believe successfully, to perform our duty 
toward the child placed under our paternal care. 
Like all philanthropists we met with some opposi- 
tion. Those whom we wished to benefit regarded 
us at first almost as enemies. The medicine that is 
most beneficial in its effects is usually extremely dis- 
tasteful. Even Earl Wood felt it his duty to resist 
after a few doses had been administered, but we 
kept in mind that old proverb, " Spare the rod and 
spoil the child," or its equivalent, " Spare the water 
and spoil the Freshman," and acted accordingly. 
Tbe valiant Pugsley was compelled to exclaim, 
" Can't do a thing, Durg !" when the latter implor- 
ingly besought his aid. It was our object to develop 
them not only physically but morally. For the for- 
mer we found dancing, singing, sparring, etc., very 
effective. We trained a generous spirit by teaching 
them to give freely to the hungry. Our method of 
discipline has almost entirely fallen into disuse, and 
it is probably better so. But as we look upon the 
perennial verdancy of '94 we could almost wish that 



88 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



a slight trace of it still lingered in these classic halls. 
We feel proud of its effects on '92, and let me add, 
in all seriousness, the best of feeliug now exists be- 
tween the Senior and Junior classes. 

When we entered upon the duties of Junior 3'ear, 
the class numbered but fifty-six. Early in Sopho- 
more year, Powers was obliged to leave college on 
account of trouble with his eyes. He was quite 
young but his good-nature and ready wit made him 
a favorite with all. Allard found it necessary to 
stay out for a while, but has now returned and in- 
tends to join the class of '93. He has been pulling 
a strong oar this spring on the 'varsity crew. Brag- 
don was offered some advantages at Wesleyan, which 
induced him to enter that institution. Heald, who 
used to favor us with tri-weekly visits, is now a 
member of Dartmouth. It was in the winter of this 
year that Death again visited our ranks and took 
away a true man, noble and tender-hearted, one who, 
had he lived, would have been an honor to class, the 
college, and state, Henry P. Godfrey. Money which 
he saved during his short life for philanthropic pur- 
poses has founded the Godfrey Fund in our college 
for the care and attendance of sick students. When 
the class returned to college in the fall they ex- 
pected to find the remainder of their course strewn 
with roses. But alas, Junior ease proved a delusion 
and a snare. It was far from being a " scknap." 
The year will be ever memorable in history as that 
in which occurred the French Reign of Terror under 
Professor Matzke. Who of those actively engaged 
will ever forget those scenes ! Missiles flying, tor- 
pedoes bursting, the populace applauding, and 
above all the tumult the commanding voice of the 
Professor exclaiming, "I mean earnest!" The 
havoc on both sides was fearful, but on account of 
the Professor's advantage of position, he was more 
effective. But we do not wish to open old wounds. 
Let the dead past bury its deads, and let us forget 
and forgive. Junior year passed with its successes 
and failures, its joys and its sorrows. During the 
year another man had cast his lot with the class, 
while four others had left it. Sargent's "perfect 
man " returned to college from Oakland where he 
had been teaching. He was formerly a member of 
'89, but decided that the honor of graduating with 
the class of '91 was ample inducement for staying 
out two years. Kempton, who intended to enter 
the ministry, developed a talent for working paste- 
board and ivory, and was advised to seek a larger 
field. Rounds decided to become a veterinary sur- 
geon, and did not consider it profitable to finish his 
college course. Our well-known tragedian, Thomp- 



son, had much trouble with his eyes, and was com- 
pelled to give up study for a time at least. Bert 
Field left us to accept a clerkship at Washington. 
Our loss is to be '92's gain, as he intends to join that 
class next fall. Bert is a fine fellow and will be an 
honor to the class with which he graduates. 

As we approach the line which separates us from 
active life, we find only fifty-two men in the ranks. 
As Eye was the cause of Adam's expulsion from 
Paradise, so has one of Eve's daughters been the 
means of enticing W. W. Poor from these peaceful 
shades out into the busy world. He has the sincere 
sympathy of the entire class, and especially of 
Parker. 

The statistics of the class are as follows : Total 
age, ],193 years 5 months; average age, 22 years 9 
months; nearest average age, J.M. Hastings ; oldest 
man, Jackson, 28 years 9 months; youngest, Chap- 
man, 20 years. Total weight, 8,069 pounds ; aver- 
age, 155J ; nearest average weight, Mahoney ; heav- 
iest man, Tukey, J96; lightest, Noyes, 120 pounds. 
Total height, 292 feet 11 inches; average, 5 feet 7} 
inches; nearest average, Mimsey ; tallest men, Jack- 
son, Erskine, 6 feet 14 inches; shortest, Noyes, 5 
feet 2i inches. Politics — republican, 37; democrat, 
II; independent, 1; prohibitionist, 1; Farmer's Al- 
liance, I ; undecided, I — .52. Religions preference — 
Congregationalist, 25; Unitarian, 7; Episcopal, 4; 
Baptist, 2 ; Presbyterian, 2; Free Baptist, 1; Uni- 
versalist, 2; Catholic, I; undecided, 7; heathen, 1. 
Engaged, 5 ; not at present engaged, 1 ; partly en- 
gaged, 1 ; want to be, 6 ; more than engaged, 2. 
Future occupations — Medicine, 1.5; law, 11; teach- 
ing, 10; ministry, 7; business, 3; journalism, 2; 
engineering, 2 ; dentistry, 1 ; chemistry,!. 

We have tried to briefly indicate the changes 
that have taken place in the class and to recall a 
few of the events in its history. There are thou- 
sands of little incidents that make up college life 
which are interesting only to those intimately con- 
cerned. They are placed in the storehouse of mem- 
ory, to be examined with pleasure in after years. 
'91 has taken an active part in the social life of the 
town, and the relations between town and college 
have been of the pleasantest character. We shall 
carry with us mauy pleasant memories of Bruns- 
wick and its people. It has usually been the cus- 
tom for the historian to speak eloquent words in 
praise of Bowdoiu and her Faculty ; but the repu- 
tation of this time-honored institution and its 
teachers is too well-established to need words of 
praise from us. In a few days we shall leave the 
kindly care of our Alma Mater, some of us to 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



89 



enter active life and others to pursue their profes- 
sional studies in other institutions. What lies before 
us, whether success or failure, disappointment or 
the realization of our hopes, we know not. It is 
the privilege of our prophet to lift the veil of the 
future and reveal to us some of its secrets. We can 
only hope that the future of our class may be as 
pleasant and successful as its past has been. Pour 
years spent amid these scenes, hallowed by Long- 
fellow, Hawthorne, and the other illustrious sons of 
Bowdoin, cannot fail to produce its effects upon our 
characters and lives. As we have been united as a 
class, so let us continue bound together by the pur- 
pose to make the world better by our living in it, 
and to be worthy of Old Bowdoin and the Class of 
'Ninety-one. 

The Class Prophecy, abounding in fact and 
fancy, wit and wisdom, came next. 

Class Prophecy. 

By C. S. F. Lincoln. 

In these days of progress and reform in which it 
is our good fortune to live, when new and greater 
spheres of usefulness an; open to men, and all the 
professional callings have a higher and better sig- 
nification, the professional prophet alone has fallen 
into disrepute. To be sure it is because of the fraud 
and deception which he practices, the heritage of a 
long line of honorable or dishonorable predecessors, 
but even the hard-working, conscientious prophet, 
who by cai'oful study and observation tries to antici- 
pate the vagaries of those most changeable of 
elements, which collectively we call weather, does 
not escape from the ban of public opinion, if by 
chance he makes a mistake or prophesies un- 
favorably. 

The amateur prophet is quite another person. 
He is elected because of some real or supposed 
fitness for the position. Inspiration he has none, 
save a knowledge of his subjects and a lively and 
vivid imagination. He is actuated by no desire for 
gain or honor, but his highest ambition is to present 
his little forecast of the future in a way most enter- 
taining to his auditors. If he fails, he, too, meets his 
reward at the hands, or rather the tongues of an 
unsympathizing public, who fail to realize the 
enormity of the task imposed upon him. With the 
awful reward of fiiilure hanging over him, and with 
an overpowering sense of his own inability to do 
justice to so grand a theme, the prophet begins in his 
simple, ungarnished style, to discuss the latent 
possibilities and the glorious probabilities of 
the class of '91. He has resorted to none of the 



various subterfuges used by those of his calling, 
by invoking the aid of spirits either ethereal 
or material, nor by seeking to divine the future in a 
dream, by taking a moonlight excursion up the Styx 
to the Elysian Fields via Avernus, nor yet by 
founding a beautiful city in the midst of a fertile 
valley, far from the haunts of men, into which the 
class of '91 are gathered from the four corners of the 
earth to live in peace and prosperity, after the 
Bellamyte plan, for the remainder of their days. 
May no such selfish life, even if such were within 
the range of possibility, be the lot of '91. 

Scattered through the length and breadth of our 
country, whose welfare should be our dearest thought, 
because with its prosperity is linked that of humanity, 
is the class of '91 working always for the good of 
their fellow-men and the honor of old Bowdoin. 

It was the Monday of Commencement week, 
June, 191G, and the usual number of towns-people 
and students were on the platform of the magnificent 
new station waiting for the afternoon trains. A 
little apart from the throng stood three old grad- 
uates. They were evidently well known, for many 
of the towns-people stopped to speak with them. 
One was tall, slightl}' round-shouldered, and wore 
glasses. His sandy hair and beard were quite gray, 
but he had that quickness of speech and glance 
which mark the successful journalist. The other 
two were shorter. One had that rotundity of figure 
and general well-kept expression of a man who has 
accomplished something. The third was a small 
man with rather an over-worked appearance. His 
closely trimmed Van Dyke was iron gray, and his 
thin hair, forming a halo from ear to ear, round the 
back of his head, was of the saiue complexion. Just 
then an old man with a red moustache went by, and 
seeing the group stopped. "Well, how you boys 
have changed ! I never should have known you. 
Well, Mr. Despeaux, are you still on deck ? I hope 
you'll be oflf duty Wednesday night, when we have 
our class supper, so you won't try to run us in as you 
did twenty-five years ago." " No, Mr. Chapman, I 
have learned a thing or two since then. I don't know 
it all now." With that confession the exponent of 
power mov^d on. Two undergraduates then came 
up, and one of them stopped to speak with the 
journalist, and then rejoined his companion who 
remarked, "Chatty, who are the two old fellows 
with your father?" "Professor Fish, of Cornell, 
the electrician, and Dr. Lincoln," while the two old 
fellows were saying, "Chatty, we congratulate you 
on your hopeful ; looks like the old man only better 
looking. Does he follow in his father's illustrious 
footsteps?" 



90 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



"Did you say Bert Ridlon was coming on this 
train? " said Professor Fish. " Where is he now? " 
" He is Professor of Histology in the Rush Medical 
College, Chicago." " Has he changed much ? " Just 
then the train came in and the trio watched the 
people get off. "There he is. Let's hail him." 
"Hullo, Rid! Where ai'e you going?" The gen- 
tleman addressed looked around, and with the 
exclamation, "By Jove, it's Chatty!" he was with 
us. "Well, how does the world use you, fellows? 
You don't change much, etc.," as we walked toward 
the campus. Rid had changed just as one would 
expect. He was stout and smooth, the very person- 
ification of a city doctor. 

Wednesday evening came, and as the boys began 
to gather in one of the private parlors of the Tontine 
(also new), it was fun to see them look round at each 
other to see how time had dealt with the different 
ones, and the mutual joy of recognition when one of 
the boys saw a classmate for the first time in ten or 
fifteen years, or perhaps since graduation. We 
may have looked it, but we didn't feel any older than 
the night of that Senior supper twenty-five yeai's 
before. And then amid laughter and dear old 
Bowdoin songs and the good old class yell, we sat 
down to the supper. Then our opulent ship- 
builder and coal magnate from Phippsburg, old 
" Minot," as Matzke used to call him, took account of 
stock, and twenty-five loyal '91 men came to time. 
To say that we did not do justice to the supper would 
be an injustice to the capacity of '91. But when we 
had finished and the cigars were lighted. Judge 
Cilley, of the Superior Court of Maine, opened the 
fun with a few remarks, and called upon Sargent's 
Perfect Man, Dr. Jackson, to continue. Dr. Jackson 
blushed modestly at the complimentary introduction, 
and said that he could only say that he had been 
unvaryingly successful in moulding the form of the 
American youth, for the last twenty-tliree years, on 
his own plan, and also had three very promising 
specimens of his own to show. At the applause 
which greeted this announcement. Jack subsided 
rather broken up. 

Dr. F. Drew didn't have much to say, except that 
time had been gracious to him, and with the exception 
that his hair was conspicuous by its absence, he had 
changed very little in looks. His life as a city 
physician had been uneventful, but he was pleased 
to report that he had a future Bowdoin man in his 
family. At this point the Golden Sands, who were 
seated together, made such a demonstration over some 
aside remark of Spide Coding's, that Judge Cilley 
had to wait until quiet had befen restored before he 
could call on Rev. John Home, of Rapid City, South 



Dakota, who made a few remarks in his usual florid 
style, in which was mingled much of the vernacular 
of the no longer wild, but still wooly west. John 
told the following tale of woe : "About a year ago I 
met on the street a man from a neighboring county, 
who said, 'Parson, I want to see ye. Day before 
yesterday there was one of them political raunchers 
round our way, and spoke in interest of some new 
party. I guess they wuz fur reorganizing things, fur 
I never hecred such a feller to kick in all my life. 
Why, Parson, I do believe he would kick agin the 
forces of natur itself if he thought he could get 
anything by it. After he had abused the local and 
state government as long as he wanted to, to show 
our appreciation of his endeavors, we gave a hemp 
party in his honor, and he kicked to the end. Just 
before we swung him oft' we asked him what he wuz 
going to du when he got there, and he sez : ' ' Well, 
if 1 can't do anything more here I can give the devil 
points so he can make it hot for you when you get 
along. Send for John Home, of Rapid City, to lay 
me away. I used to know him.' Classmates, I 
gave Brown a good send-off, and I hope his shade 
was satisfied in death, for once at least." Here Dr. 
Ridlon remarked that if rigor mortis had not set in 
Brownie would undoubtedly be kicking yet, and was 
promptly sat upon for levity. A toast to Brownie's 
memory was drunk in silence, also in water. R. H. 
Hunt, Professor of Biology in the University of 
Kansas, was next called upon, and for fifteen minutes 
continued to edify the crowd in his characteristic 
style, and when he had finished we were all 
exhausted, with laughter. He is the same old 
Ke. Wilben, who used to play tennis with E. God 
and Sirae, and can talk as fast and say as little as 
he could then. When Hunter had relapsed, some 
one called for a song, and the Golden Sands imme- 
diately started up "Nine Beer Bottles," but it brought 
to mind so vividly Brown in Prex'S recitation room, 
that the crowd broke dovvn and started up " Phi Chi." 
At the close of the grand old hymn D. Mud Bangs, 
Esq., the legal light of tlie Kennebec Valley Bar, 
and also a rich land owner, and president of the 
society for the propagation of honor and virtue at 
Colby, which have been sadly needed ever since our 
day, was called upon. He spoke with much fervor 
and enthusiasm of his love for Bowdoin and '91. In 
reference to his work, he said that the chief mission- 
aries in the field, H. D. F. Smith, Professor of Latin 
and Greek, and Rev. Alec McDonald, of the Congre- 
gational Board, had been doing a great work in 
shedding into their darkened souls the light of 
liberality and square dealing. A collection was 
immediately taken up for the work, and three dollars 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



91 



and twenty-nine cents realized, while the Golden 
Sands Quartette chanted "How Dry I Am." 

Mr. Burleigh, city editor of the Kennebec 
Journal, was then called upon, and spoke as 
follows: "Your Honor and Classmates, — The 
manner of m3- life is known to you all. It may be 
uneventful, but it is never slow. About six months 
ago I took a much-needed rest and went South. On 
my way through the mountain region of Tennessee 
I came upon one of those played-out boom towns 
which I had read of, Woodfords by name. Being 
detained by an accident down the line I asked an 
inhabitant where the place got its name. He replied 
that it was founded by a northern speculator by the 
name of E. C. Drew, but that that gentleman had 
gone off with the cash and his present whereabouts 
were unknown. Our leading citizen now is Mr. 
Burr, editor of the Tangle Foot, or, the only paper 
published at the convenience of the editor. Mr. 
Burr was oontined to the liouse just then from 
wounds received during a slight political misunder- 
standing at a recent election. I called on Tom and 
we had a fine talk over old times and Ihe boys, and 
that evening I went on." 

"We will now hear from another limb of the 
law," said Judge Cilley, and I call upon Emerson 
Hilton, of Damariscotta. ,Jake received the usual 
cordial welcome he deserved, and remarked : " West 
doesn't feel much like talking, so I will speak for us 
both." " Thanks, but I can still do my own talking,'' 
said West. "As you doubtless know," Jake con- 
tinued, "West and I practice in our ancestral abode, 
and between us both we manage to keep business 
lively. When he has a patient very ill he calls me 
in to make his will, and when it is broken, and I 
generally fix it so the family will break it, no pun 
intended, I get at least one side of the business, and 
if things get very exciting, there is apt to be a fight, 
and some one is injured, and that makes business 
good for West." When the applause at this novel 
scheme of business enterprise had subsided. Dr. J. 
M. Hastings, of Bangor, vi^as called upon, and enter- 
tained the crowd, in his inimitable way, telling many 
stories of the boys. He said Cliff Mahoney was a 
dentist in Teheran, and was doing a magnificent 
business and was very popular, having the patron- 
age of the Sliah and court circles. He still remains 
an American citizen for the protection of the thing, 
though he has mari'ied a sister of the Minister of 
War, and in other respects is a Persian of the 
Persians. Alger Dyer is pastor of a leading Uni- 
tarian Church in St. Louis, and was in Europe on a 
vacation, which would obviously prevent his being 
with us. His boon companion and room-mate, 



Newman, was a lawyer in Idaho, and under the 
impression that he was prominent enough, ran for 
Congress in his district, and was snowed under so far 
that he had to take a change and rest to recover from 
the shock to his self esteem. 

Peleg Jordan, known in civil life as I. C. Jordan, 
Esq., a leading lawyer in Salt Lake City, was called 
to the floor. Peleg was looking well and pros- 
perous, and said that time and fortune had been kind 
to him. He said that Angus McDonald was having 
great success as a pastor among the Indians, and he 
frequently saw Tom Croswell, who was president of 
a young ladies' college in Ogden, and was very 
popular with his pupils. 

The class secretary then arose and I'ead the 
following touching report: " Henry E. Cutts, Ph.D., 
chemist, in charge of the Government Experiment 
Station at Newport, was at work on a new explosive 
which he was perfecting, when, owing to the 
instability of the compound. Dr. Cutts was suddenly 
called away. After the shock to those in the inmie- 
diate vicinity had subsided, they looked around for 
the talented young scientist, but there was not even 
enough left of him for a cannibal to hash on toast. 
Two days later an ear was found on the lawn of a 
villa two miles distant, which was identified as 
having formerly been intimately associated with Dr. 
Cutts's person. It was accorded a full naval funeral 
and sent to Portland, Me., for interment. Bowdoin 
Orient and Maine papers please copy." The class 
thereupon adopted handsome resolutions to be 
inserted in the class report. He also reported that 
our talented sanitary engineer, P. C. Newbegin, met 
with a very sad, but not necessarily fatal accident 
recently, while engaged in constructing a system of 
sewerage at New Harbor, Tehn. He had been 
working very hard and was even thiner than usual. 
He had crawled into the main to examine a piece of 
work, when some one inadvertently turned on the 
water. P. C. was carried about three-fourths of a 
mile and landed in the river, where he was rescued 
more dead than alive. It is said that Mr. Newbegin 
owes his life to his extreme emaciation at the time. 
A letter was then read from our illustrious Congress- 
man from Ohio, E. H. Newbegin, who sent many 
regrets at not being able to be with us in the flesh. 

" About three months ago," said Dr. Lincoln, " I 
was in Washington and thought I would go up to 
the House. My chief object in going was to see 
Venus, whom I had not seen for fifteen years, and 
out of curiosity I went up into the visitors' gallery to 
see if I could pick him out on the floor. After I had 
been thei'e for some little time, they closed the session 
for the day, and a member arose from the demo- 



92 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



cratio side, whom I did not at first sight recognize, 
and said, 'Mr. Speaker, I move we adjourn.' That 
voice was unmistakable, and in a few minutes I was 
with Venus, and we had a very enjoyable time 
talking about the boys, and he gave me lots of 
points for the banquet. He said that Poor, not being 
successful in teaching, and determined not to waste 
his talents, was having a great run as the boneless 
man, or human snake, in the best known dime museum 
in Chicago, and was drawing a fine salary. Porter 
was cutting a dash in the Now York Produce Exchange 
and was rising rapidly as a broker. Charles Edward 
Riley started his career as a clerk in the patent office, 
but in three months he had so mastered the whole 
patent system that the head of the office was afraid 
of being superseded for incompetency, and so re- 
quested Riley to resign. After this Riley went into 
the civil engineer's office on the Canadian Pacific 
Railroad, where he now is. He has risen to the 
position of assistant chief engineer, and as a mathe- 
matician can do anything that was ever seen. You 
see he is the same old Riley as when he used to give 
Buck points. Freshman year." 

Dr. G. H. Packard, of New York City, and his 
insepai'able companion and partner, Dr. F. J. 
Simonton, were then called upon, but as they were 
not given to speaking they were very brief and to the 
point. Dr. Tukey then responded to the call of his 
name. He said that like those who had preceded 
him he had not much to say, except that he was a 
'91 man first, last, and all the time. He then read a 
letter, which ran as follows : 

Dear Tuke, — Sorry not to be with you on Wednesday 
eve next and see the boys. I trust you will have a 
great time. Our college does not close until next week, 
and I can't possibly leave. I am much disappointed, for 
I hoped to see the boys and also to get one more whack 
at the Brunswick police force. 
As ever in '91, 

S. H. Brskine, alias Sam Skein, 
Professor of Mental and Moral Philosophy , 

Wabash College, Indiana. 
P. S. — Regards to all the boys. 

Mr. Chapman, managing editor of the BoHon 
Transcript was then called upon. He kept us in a 
continual roar of laughter, and started in with the 
remark that he was singularly blessed, being the 
youngest of the class and also the first to obtain the 
class cup. He had many stories to tell of the boys. 
When on a vacation in a Western city, some two 
years ago, he was attracted by a crowd surrounding 
a patent medicine man, and he drew near to listen, 
and beneath the red beard and moustache he detected 
a familiar face. It was none other than he of the 
ambrosial locks, the divine, god-like, much-enduring. 



matter-of-fact, know-it-all, I-told-you-so Foss, 
Blondy. 

Foss said by way of explanation that vpith his 
colossal nerve that business payed belter than can- 
vassing, and was less dangerous. He told a very 
thrilling story of a narrow escape he had some months 
previously. He said he was in a small town in 
Missouri, and, contrary to his usual custom, went to 
church. A very small man arose in the pulpit and 
yelled enough for a man four times as large. Foss 
said he remarked that the preacher could make noise 
enough for a man of his size. The next minute he 
said he was outside of the church, and was being 
dragged round by the hair. A revolver was placed 
under my nose, and a man's voice said, "Did you 
mean to make that pun?" Foss said he didn't see the 
joke, and the stranger said, "Young fellow, that is 
parson Henry Noyes." Foss said he apologized, 
went round to the parson's and took dinner, and the 
band played " Old Lang Syne." 

Chatty continued: "I pick up a good deal of 
information about the boys from the papers. The 
other day in a Western exchange I saw a very inter- 
esting advertisement of a matrimonial agency, and 
at the end it said, 'Address, in confidence, Fred E. 
Parker, Kansas City, Mo.,' and about two years ago 
I noticed in the paper an account of the marriage of 
Rebeka, youngest daughter of Israel lemstein, to 
Henry W. Jarvis, of the firm of Solomon & Jarvis, 
one price clothiers, Cincinnati, Ohio. The article 
went on to say that the groom was one of the most 
enterprising business men in the city, and a recent 
convert to Judaism." 

A hatchet-faced individual now arose and gazed 
over the throng with that well known hawk-like 
expi-ession, while the Golden Sands, under the lead 
of Professor Hunt, yelled " 'Rah, 'Rah, 'Rah, Spider ! " 
"Your Honor, and Gentlemen of '91 : You all know 
me by this time, and my goings out and my comings 
in among you. As you know, I settled in the West, 
I settled in the arid region of Arizona, so I might 
get used to heat and drought, before 1 should be 
called hence. But, gentlemen, the dryness is all 
external. [Applause from the Golden Sands.] As a 
legal light I have been a success. Look at that nose. 
[More applause.] And I have alSo gone into politics, 
a good place for a man of my stamp to work off 
some of his superfluous vocabulary. I have only 
been shot at fifteen times in twenty years. Either 
because of my wasted anatomy, or quickness of 
returning fire, I have so far escaped serious injury. 
I am now a floating arsenal [a voice, "floating tank, 
you mean ".] Tank you, I appreciate the point." 
And Spider resumed his seat. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



9.: 



Judge Cilley remarked, when the applause had 
subsided: " As we have enough respect for law to 
stand that, suppose we have another dose of medi- 
cine. Dr. Wright, you have the floor." The Doctor 
arose in all the majesty of his 22.5 lbs. avoirdupois, 
and, thanking the .Judge for his kind introduction, 
remarked that he was a specialist in mental diseases ; 
he knew just how to relieve over-taxed brains, and 
that in many cases in his asylum it was often a great 
benefit for the patients to just look at him, he had 
such a soporific effect upon them. The crowd howled 
and the Doctor continued : "I had a case come in the 
other day. The man had been a teacher, and it was 
the worst ease of swelled head I have ever seen in 
ray twenty years of practice. I didn't recognize the 
man, but when I looked at his card I saw the name 
E. G. Loring. I was shocked. Though Loring is 
quite rational at times he is not safe to trust at large. 
But that reminds me of a story Dudley told me. By 
the way, Dud is principal of a big school for boys 
in Indianapolis, I think. He called on me a little 
while ago and told nie about Hardy and Charles 
Hastings. They both went missionary to the center 
of Patagonia, or, as it now is, Argentine Republic. 
Well, the first thing Charles did was to get up an 
eight, which beat everything south of the tropic of 
Capricorn, and on the strength of that he was elected 
president of the National University and has been a 
great success as an educator. Hardy is settled over 
the largest Protestant church in the country." Dr. 
Wright then subsided, having had the desired effect 
upon the crowd. 

Judge Cilley remarked: "We have all often 
heard of the scales of Justice, but we are glad to 
know that they exist not alone in name. To-night 
they are about to swing in our direction. I call 
upon Otto C. Scales, Judge of Probate in Santa Fe, 
New Mexico." Otto said in response that his reasons 
for going West were about the same as Coding's, 
and that his revenue from the law was very satis- 
factory. John Hastings then asked him if his 
position as a private advertisement of the Plymouth 
Rock Pants Company was paying him anything now. 
Otto denied the insinuation and continued: About a 
year ago a comfortable looking Roman Catholic 
Prelate came up to me on the street, shook hands 
and asked me if I knew him. . I said he had the 
advantage of me. Then said His Reverence: "I am 
Father John Francis Kelley, formerly of Miiine, but 
recently appointed Vicar General of this Diocese, x 
saw your name in the directory and thought you 
must be the man I knew." I asked Kell where he 
got his shape, which so changed him, and he said, 



"Oh, you know men of the cloth acquire it very 
soon if tliey don't work too hard." 

The Right Honorable Secretary then read the 
following letters : 

Dallas, Texas, May .31, 1916. 

Dear Minot, — Sorry I cannot be with you at the 
reunion, but time and distance prevent. Business is 
rushing and the cotton crop is looking finely. Regards to 
all the boys. Yours in the bond of '91. 

W. G. Mallett. 

The other read as follows : 

"WiSCASSETT, Me. 
Mr Dear Minot, — I am extremely sorry not to be 
able to come up, but I have a very sick patient and can't 
possibly leave. I had a letter from Tibbetts the other day. 
He was practicing ainong the Chinese and Italians, and 
was having gratifying success in diminishing the popula- 
tion. Not that I mean to say he was killing them off, but 
when he was sent for the patient had ample time to die 
before he arrived, and if they were shrewd they generally 
improved their opportunity. Regards to all. As ever. 
Your classmate, B. P. Munset. 

After the secretary had finished and we had voted 
to have a little informal reunion on our thirty-fifth 
anniversary, we all sat round and talked over old 
times and told stories, when suddenly a man of about 
fifty came slowly into the room and stood looking at 
the throng. He looked tired and old and we all 
thought he must have made a mistake in the room, 
for no one seemed to know him. Finally he said in 
a moderate way, " Is this the class of '91's supper? " 
We all looked harder than ever, and suddenly Jake 
Hilton cried out, " Boys, it's H. Nelson." How we 
yelled and immediately began to congratulate H. on 
getting round as soon as he did. B3' degrees we got 
the story of his life. Having a great taste for mathe- 
matics, he began his career as a civil engineer. He 
only laid out one town, but he did it so beautifully 
that the town never recovered. After that crushing 
experience he turned his attention to astronomy and 
now devotes his time to calculating the return of 
long period comets. As there is no immediate 
danger of their returning before he predicts them, 
he has been a howling success in the business. 
When Henry had gone the rounds and been wel- 
comed in good shape, the night was far spent. So 
after a verse of " We won't go home till morning," 
and "There are no flies on us," with the good old 
combination yell for Bowdoin and '91, we parted to 
meet at our thirty-fifth. 

The parting address to a class at gradua- 
tion is one of the most impressive things in 
college life. The audience listened in deep 
silence while Mr. Goding was speaking. 



94 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Parting Address. 

By E. N. Goding. 
Mr. President, Classmates of '91: 

The time has now come to perform the most 
solemn, the saddest part of the whole college course 
— to say farewell. 

When we entered college, four years ago, we 
were for the most part strangers one to another. 
Since then we have been most intimately associated 
in every department of activity. We have lived to- 
.gether; our rooms have been side by side; every 
succeeding fall we have been welcomed back to the 
old campus, our home, a world by itself, distinct 
from its surroundings; we have worked together; 
our studies have been in the same lines. Our hopes 
and aspirations have sprung from the same source 
and striven toward the same end. Wherever 
representation of the class has been required, we 
have .stood shoulder to shoulder, as one man, to 
maintain its honor and dignity; whenever col- 
lege interests have been at stake, the class has 
entered heartily with all its might to achieve glory 
and renown for Old Bowdoin. When victorious we 
have cheered together in exultation; when van- 
quished, our sorrow has been heartfelt. We have 
always united in the observance of the college cus- 
toms, those institutions which seem to outsiders to 
be meaningless and worthless, sometimes even crude 
and beneath an enlightened civilization, but which 
have a real value which, when analyzed and picked 
out, is found to be second to no part of a college 
course. 

In our association as a class we have come to 
know each other, and that, too, in a most peculiar 
and thorough manner. The most fundamental fact 
of a college coarse is the general sifting and leveling 
which a student goes through, not so much as to 
one's studies, for the rank-books might be searched 
through time and eternity without ever disclosing 
one iota on which to found an opinion as to the 
ability, the worth, the true nature of a man, as at 
the hands of one's classmates, his outside self, his 
conscience as it were, and a conscience, too, which 
never is blunted and which is as true as steel. 

The most uncompromisingly critical set of men 
to be found is a body of college students. The 
learned effort of the greatest orator is discussed and 
criticised by them just as frankly and unreservedly 
as is the conduct of a member of the ball nine. It 
is not my purpose to say anything of the value that 
such a planing-down, such a rounding of corners, 
such a habit of being taken at one's true value, has 



for the development of character and the making 
of a whole individual man. It is my purpose to 
remind you how, by a long period of extremely in- 
timate association we have become bound together 
by ties so closely that we can never forget them. 

Now the time has come when these associations 
must to a large extent be broken up. We have 
performed our last exercises in the class-room where 
we have learned to respect aud love the Professors 
of this college, who by their kind advice and un- 
tiring efforts have made the rough road of learning 
pleasant and profitable. We shall soon sever our 
connection with this college whose campus with its 
beautiful trees and pleasant walks wiir always be 
remembered, whose halls, some endeared by rever- 
ence and admiration, others by the presence in them 
of the old room with all its pleasant associations 
and happy memories, can never be forgotten. 

We must now cease our association as a class. 
We are going out to enter upon life with all its di- 
versity of cares and interests. Probably this is the 
last time the class as a whole will ever be together. 
We shall have reunions ; but the ranks will never 
be full again ; some kept away by the cares of bus- 
iness, others removed by death, will here and there 
leave gaps. As a class of this college our career 
will soon be ended ; our work in the future will be 
that of Alumni of Bowdoin College. May we re- 
member that wherever we are there is the college ; 
that whatever the college is in the world, must be 
determined by her alumni. 

Old Bowdoin : Our Alma Mater, we love thee. 
We owe thee a debt we never can repay for thy kind 
and fostering care ; for thy tender, watchful nour- 
ishing, for thy pleasant, loving memories. May no 
son of thine of '91 ever dim the lustre of thy fair 
name, but when we come back may we come bring- 
ing laurel to crown thy brow and sheaves of golden 
grain for thy honor and thy glory. Farewell ! 

Smoking the Pipe of Peace. 
One of the most pleasing features of Class 
Day is the smoking of the pipe of peace. 
The parting address being ended the mem- 
bers of the class seated themselves on the 
grass beside the platform holding the audience 
and the ceremony began. The president of 
the class, Mr. Porter, immediately produced 
the ponderous pipe, profusely decorated with 
the class colors. Mr. Goding, the gentleman 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



95 



who had given the parting address, took the 
emblem of harmony and good-will, and, hav- 
ing filled it" in a manner which aroused no 
suspicions as to his total lack of experience 
in such matters, applied the torch and started 
the draught. Slowly, accompanied by words 
of wisdom, exhortation, and advice, the queller 
of discord took its journey from man to man 
around the circle, in the main those knowing 
the art wearing solemn looks, and appearing 
sliglitly shocked at the deed, and those -unac- 
quainted with it making earnest efforts to 
perform the act in a business-like way. We 
would give' pen portraits of the men as they 
helped on the conflrigration of the weed, but 
space does not permit. The coughing, chok- 
ing, and wheezing which attended the affair 
must certainly have had the true ring of inno- 
cence to the ears of the best girl and anxious 
mamma, and must have carried conviction to 
them that he at least had withstood the 
temptations of college life. When each man 
had participated in the ceremony, Mr. Goding 
exhausted the remainder of the pipe's con- 
tents, and one more exercise of '91 had 
become history. The smoke was a great 
success. 

Singing the Ode. 

After smoking the pipe of peace the 

class arose and sung the ode, an incident 

long to be remembered by every member of 

the class. 

Class-Day Ode. 

By L. a. Burleigh. 

A.TB.— Soldier's Farewell. 
My boys, four years of union 
In brotherly communion 
Have shown us, at this hour, 
A single word's sad power. 
Farewell ! Farewell ! Old 'Ninety-one ! 
Farewell ! Farewell ! Dear 'Ninety-one ! 

These precious hours are fleeting. 

Each loyal heart is beating 

For Bowdoin, foster mother. 

The peer of any other. 

Farewell! Farewell! Old 'Ninety-one! 

Farewell ! Farewell ! Dear 'Ninety-one ! 



Farewell ! Our voices blending 
Show where our thoughts are trending. 
Farewell ! E'en now at vesper 
The murmuring pines soft whisper 
Farewell! Farewell! Old 'Ninety-one! 
Farewell! Farewell! Dear 'Ninety-one ! 

Cheering the Halls. 

After singing the ode, the class lined up 
for the march to the halls to give them the 
final cheer. Often had their yell shaken the 
beams and rafters of the old edifices in the 
days gone by, when the class was young and 
there were few to heed or care for their 
attempts on silence, but now the time for the 
last great shout had come and all flocked 
forth to see and hear. Beginning at Apple- 
ton and ending at Memorial, the procession 
visited each building and gave it a rousing 
three. In front of Memorial, according to 
time-honored precedent, each man of the 
class shook the hand of every other, and the 
afternoon exercises were over. 

Cheering the halls on Class Day is a 
custom quite prevalent at American colleges. 
It is one full of interest and sentiment and 
well worth preserving. The custom might, 
however, be made a little more pleasing than 
it now is, if a short address were made by 
the Marshal, or some member of the class, 
to each building before the cheer is given. 
This would not be out of harmony with the 
rest of the proceeding, and would give to the 
same a little more dignity and impressiveness. 

Dance on the Gkeen, Town Hall. 
It was hoped that the dance might take 
place on the green, and, indeed, it might had 
not the chilliness and dampness, due to the 
rain of the previous day, caused many to 
think, and rightly, too, that it had better be 
held under cover. In consequence it took 
place in the Town Hall. The programme 
was opened about 8 o'clock, by a band con- 
cert. About 9 o'clock a large company had 
assembled. The scene was indeed a brilliant 



96 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



one. There were scores of fair women, 
attired in rare and elegant costumes, and 
scores of brave men to attend them. As the 
strains of the grand march filled the hall 
many couples formed on for it and later partic- 
ipated in the dancing. Themusicby the Salem 
Cadet Band was of the Salem Cadet quality, 
which is praise enough. Robinson of Port- 
land was caterer, and his work was first-class. 
The list of dances contained eighteen num- 
bers, and each one was thoroughly enjoyed. 
Every one felt as he left the hall that the 
affair had been a complete success and a 
fitting end to the day's festivities. 

Order of Dakoes. 

1. Waltz. 

2. Schottische. 

3. Quadrille. 

4. Polka. 

5. Galop. 

6. Schottische. 

7. Portland Fancy. 
.s. Waltz. 

9. Polka. 

INTERMISSION. 

10. Schottische. 

11. Lanciers. 

12. Polka. 

13. Schottische. 

14. Quadrille. 
1.5. Waltz. 

16. Polka. 

17. Saratoga Lanciers. 

18. Galop. 

Floor Manager : E. Hilton. 

Aids: G. H. Packard, P. C. Newbegin, F. J. 
Sinionton, Jr., F. O. Fish. 

Medical Graduation. 
The graduating exercises of the Maine 
Medical School were held in Memorial Hall, 
Wednesday morning of Commencement week. 
The address by Hon. J. E. Moore, of Rock- 
land, treating of the microbes of society, was 
one of the finest heard here on such an 
occasion, for a long time. It held tiie closest 
attention of all, from beginning to end, and 
dealt with some of our social evils in a forci- 



ble and sensible manner. It closed with some 
excellent advice to the members of the out- 
going class. Following is the programme and 
oration : 

MUSIC. — PRAYER. 

Address. Hon. Joseph E. IMoore, Rockland, Me. 

MUSIC. 

Oration — Parting Address. Chancey Adams. 

MUSIC. 

Presentation of Diplomas. President Hyde. 

MUSIC. 

The ofScers of the class of '91 were: 
President, Arthur Azbra Shaw ; Vice-President, 
Charles Herbert Fish ; Secretary, Harry Snow Par- 
sons ; Treasurer, Charles Burleigh ; Orator, Chancey 
Adams, A.B. ; Marshal, Frank Irving Brown, A.M. ; 
Executive Committee, Arthur Wayland Langley, 
John Ziba Shedd, Daniel Clement Dennett. 

The members of the class of '91 are : 
Chancey Adams, A.M., North Anson ; Burt 
Andrews, M.D., Augusta; William Herbert Brad- 
ford, A.B., Lewiston ; Frank Irving Brown, A.M., 
Bethel ; Charles Burleigh, Portland ; Herbert Knight 
Colbath, Farmington, N. H. ; Harris Obadiah Curtis, 
Richmond : Benjamin Glazier Willey Cushman, 
A.M., West Sumner; Samuel Wilbert Davis, Farm- 
ington, N. H. ; Daniel Clement Dennett, Portland ; 
Charles Herbert Fish, Chester, N. H. ; John Smith 
Fogg, M.D., Biddeford; George Augustus Gregory, 
Shelburne, N. S. ; Howard Clinton Hanson, Buxton 
Center ; Edward Howard Hawley, Bath ; Harry 
Waldo Kimball, Pawtucket, R. I. ; Willis Hazen 
Kimball, North Bridgton ; Arthur Wayland Langley, 
Acton; George Franklin Libby, Portland; Frank 
Henry McLaughlin, Newburg ; Joseph Harvey Mur- 
phy, Andover, N. B. ; John Clement Parker, A.B., 
Lebanon ; Harry Snow Parsons, Brunswick ; Herbert 
Harmon Puringlon, South Limington; Arthur Azbra 
Shaw, Etna ; John Ziba Shedd, Fryeburg ; Willey 
Edgar Sincock, Caribou ; Clement Colfax Whitcomb, 
Simpson's Corner. 

The Medical Peofession. 

By Chancey Adams. 

lu the dark obliviou of the past still rests the 
beginning of medical science. 

Not till the very early Greek civilization does 
history first come to our aid in establishing the 
existence of fin organized profession and a system 
of treatment. We find at this time the medical 
world enveloped in a veil of superstition which not 
only extended its influence throughout the laity, 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



97 



but for a loug time formed the basis of all profes- 
sional atteution. Instead of experimental research 
and reasoning from effect to cause, magic with its 
kindred allies became the established method of 
treatment. 

But gradually down through the ages, keeping 
pace with all other moral and physical movements, 
the medical profession came, throwing off, here and 
there, under the influence of more energetic, 
enlightened, and inquiring minds, the garments 
of myth and mystery, and taking on the more sub- 
stantial and enduring ones of empiricism and 
theory. 

Then came the more advanced teachings of 
Hippocrates and Galen, under the impulse of which 
the rapidly growing tendency of medical thought 
was directed into the deeper channels of study and 
research, and medicine became a science. Empiri- 
cism and theory, hitherto the ultimata, thus became 
the primary and accessory steps toward the higher 
attainment. 

Purely upon the basis of scientific investigation 
is the school of modern medicine established and 
the rapid advancement which has characterized so 
brilliantly the past century, brings with it the satis- 
fying conviction that this is the only true under- 
lying principle of medicine. At no time like the 
present have medical men been so thoroughly 
imbued with their work upon purely scientific 
principles and so conscientious in their endeavors 
to benefit the world and elevate the cause. To do 
all this has become contagious, and the epidemic 
is world-wide. This state of renewed activity is 
chiefly due to the microscope, by whose powerful 
objectives and infinite adjustments the new and 
limitless field of bacteriology is being rapidly 
developed. Step by step this priceless instrument 
is revealing the true nature of disease, the direct 
result of which is a complete renovation of all the 
departments of medicine. 

To the physician who enters upon his duties 
with a full appreciation of the scope of modern 
science and its demands upon him, are presented 
opportunities for mental and moral development 
beyond those of any other profession. His line of 
work, study, and thought, if actively engaged in, 
will inevitably bring him within the field of the 
philanthropist, the scientist, the philosopher, and 
the moralist; in fact into the very atmosphere of 
every other department of learning. All along the 
line, from the sick chamber of the poorest and 
humblest of the race to the halls of a national 



medical congress, are open to him possibilities of 
the highest recognition. 

He may confine his attention to general medi- 
cine, in which event the daily routine of diagnosis 
and treatment with its requisite amount of study 
and reasoning, the constant association with human 
suffering, the adaptation to all kinds of circum- 
stances, the gravity of emergencies, and the vast 
unuameable variety of conditions which he will 
inevitably encounter, give him a diversity of 
training that is unsurpassed, and a field of resources 
from which every corner of his intellect may be 
abundantly filled. 

Or he may confine himself to some specialty, in 
the pursuit of any one of which his efforts will be 
attended with the most gratifying and profitable 
results. In fact it is in this special work that med- 
ical science of to-day is receiving its most efQcient 
impulse, all blending to form that grand whole, that 
marks each decade of growth. It has already been 
most wisely remarked "that the state of medicine 
is an index to the civilization of an age or country." 
History repeats itself from era to era in verifying 
these words At all times is its ameliorating influ- 
ence felt, not only in sickness and death but in 
health and prosperity, in the community, the state, 
and the nation. By its complete organization, it 
represents in its entirety, a vast power for good and 
the advancement of science; in its constituent parts 
it displays a conscientiousness and self-sacrificing 
spirit, at all times prepared to answer to the whims 
and necessities of an afflicted people. 

Like every other important movement, medicine 
has to meet on all sides oppositions and difficulties 
of various degrees and kinds. Superstition, mod- 
ified to be sure, still in many modern ways, exer- 
cises its old-time influence over the public mind. 
Both high and low cling with an inborn tenacity to 
the idea of mystery and subtlety, long since made 
obsolete by the advancing strides of science. 
While one person stimulates his imagination with 
a 1-2000 sugar trituration of some inert substance, 
another seeks relief behind the glaring red wrapper 
of one of Uncle Sam's many nostrums. 

Thus the advance of quackery is made easy. It 
finds its victims in all classes of society and proves 
a powerful obstacle to the progress of medicine in 
not only its unholy practices but in constantly 
poisoning the public against the scientific methods 
of the regular school. 

As a result the profession does not meet with 
that amount of sympathy and co-operation that it 



98 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



has reason to expect from an intelligent and truth- 
seeking people ; and which is at all commensurate 
to the benefits constantly received. All this is illus- 
trated in the difficulties yearly met with in securing 
material for the dissecting room; in the prejudices 
encountered at the bedside and the operating table; 
and in the failure to recognize true ability and give 
to it its just reward. 

It is not in wrong doing that the public is called 
upon for protection and aid ; but to more fully edu- 
cate itself upon the difficulties and necessities of 
the profession and by its sentiment and legislation 
prove a more efficient ally in raising the standard 
of medicine, and by so doing force into obscurity 
those pirates who now possess equal rights with all. 
Surely it is not selfish to seek protection in a matter 
so closely involving the best interests of the people. 

But in this matter the public is not alone at 
fault. As in every organization, there is to be 
found a varying proportion of willfully ignorant and 
unscrupulous men who are daily building monu- 
ments that throw dark shadows of discredit upon 
the otherwise brilliant structures of medicine. To 
the former class belong those who entered upon the 
study as upon a trade, thinking they had learned it 
fully when they had satisfied the conditions of the 
curriculum and the date upon the parchment that 
gave them standing in the profession, marked the 
most important period of their lives — the acme of 
their achievements. In the second class are those 
who seek to find under the protecting influence of a 
diploma more favorable opportunities to satisfy 
their sordid tastes and purely mercenary motives. 

To come to a full understanding of the force and 
bearing of the various obstacles, both objective and 
subjective, that impede the progress of medicine, is 
a most important duty of the profession, collectively 
and individually. 

It is in the capacity of an educator that increased 
attention should be directed. The profession 
should institute a higher moral and mental criterion 
by more forcibly discountenancing fraud and estab- 
lishing to a greater degree the unpopularity of 
ignorance and inertia within its own confines. The 
world should be more thoroughly instructed in the 
nature and causes of disease processes ; be made to 
feel more keenly the necessity of both private and 
public hygiene; and have constantly laid before it 
the latest known means and methods of prophylac- 
tic treatment. 

When the public comes to fully appreciate, as it 
inevitably will under the more perfect establish- 
ment of such a regimen, the unselfish efforts put 



forth in its behalf, supported by the highest degree 
of learning and skill, the barriers that now impede 
the progress of medicine, will melt away like magic 
and thfere will become established, instead of two, 
one vast harmonious body of workers under the 
guidance of the medical profession. 

Judging from the present and immediate past, 
in contrast with its earlier history, the future 
of medicine presents a most flattering outlook. 
Never before were its attractions so pleasing ; never 
its possibilities so alluring. In spite of the vast 
progress already made the field bi'oadens as it 
brightens, ever enticing, yet never yielding in full 
measure, the depth of its resources. 

Medicine is far from being a fixed science. In 
the light of the ever-changing circumstances, that 
influence the conditions of all organized matter, 
set forms and systems are to be avoided, as they 
narrow the range and limit the advance of scientific 
investigation. 

Theory, if entertained with the view of bending 
to its conformity all unexplained phenomena, is 
deleterious in the extreme ; but theory in the absence 
of truth, as the best-known method of procedure, 
deserves the most careful investigation until 
thoroughly displaced by well-established fact. 

Let us eliminate, then, from the crumbling 
edifices of the past, only that which is good, upon 
which the superstructures of advanced science may 
go, being established during an endless cycle of 
years. 

President Hyde and Faculty : Once more the 
Medical School of Maine is about to usher into 
professional life its yearly oftering of graduates, 
and, after the usual custom, you are now about to 
perform your last duty to this class. 

I am sure it will be more gratifying to you than 
the choicest selection of words upon this occasion 
to behold the class of '"91," by its future success, 
reflecting upon your teaching the marked credit 
that is now due. But, after enjoying the full benefits 
of your able instruction during the past three years, 
it is not only fitting, but we deem it a great pleasure 
to express our satisfaction and appreciation. 

You have taught us, by your thoroughness and 
zeal, not only the fundamental principles of 
medicine but the great lesson of life. Industry and 
application. And, as we pursue the more practical 
course, now awaiting us, both the wisdom of your 
training and the influence of your personalities 
will bo constant and potent factors in the shaping 
of our future careers. 

We trust our future will not be disappointing. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



99 



but that we may fulfill eveu more than your highest 
expectation, and by so doing add strength to the 
profession and do honor to the institution, which, j 
to-day, gives birth to the most important era of our 
lives. 

We thank you for all the benefits that have 
come through the medium of this school, and for 
the many favors that have from time to time fallen 
from your hands, unsoHcited. 

Classmates, — To-day, for the first time, we 
stand at the portal of medicine. Behind us are 
all those conditions and surroundings that have 
made most pleasant and profitable the days of our 
student-life. Before us there opens a broad future, 
rich in resources and possibilities, yet fraught with 
dangers and uncertainties that threaten the suc- 
cessful termination of the most carefully laid plans 
and brilliant prospects. We should be fully 
impressed, therefore, with the double significance 
of this occasion, which represents not only the 
evening of our medical course, but the morning of 
a life of usefulness, presenting to us no limits, 
excepting those circumstances over which no man 
has control. 

The new duties and responsibilities that await 
our. attention, already invite us on to increased 
thought and action. Let us not overlook the fact, 
then, that we are still, and always should be 
students, if we hope to figure with any degree of 
prominence in the grejit drama of human woe and 
suffering, bearing constantly in mind that each 
advance step should be but the foundation of one 
still higher, rather than the milestone, which only 
signifies where retrogression began. Let us press 
boldly forward in this noble calling, feeling amply 
assured that by persistent and conscientious effort 
success will be ours. 

Phi Beta Kappa. 
The annual meeting of the Phi Beta 
Kappa Fraternity was held Wednesday 
morning at 11 o'clocl^. A large delegation 
from the class of '91 was elected to member- 
ship. The names of those tiuis honoied are 
here presented: 

Henry Eastman Cutts, Portland ; Jonathan Prince 
Cilley, Jr., Rockland ; Thomas Rich Cros well, Farm- 
ington Falls ; Algernon Sidney Dyer, Bar Mills ; 
Fred Ober Fish, Brunswick; Charles Harris Hast- 
ings, Bethel ; John Roberts Home, Jr., Berlin, N. H. ; 
Everett Gray Loring, Yarmouth; Henry Nelson, 
Alna; Harry DeForest Smith, Gardiner; Charles 



Sias Wright, Portland; Henry Smith Chapman, 
Brunswick ; Fred Winburn Dudley, Harrison ; Sam- 
uel Hodgman Erskine, Alna ; Ralph Hudson Hunt, 
Bangor; Charles Vincent Minott, Jr., Phippsburg; 
Edward Henry Newbegin, Deiiance, Ohio ; Parker 
Cleaveland Newbegin, Defiance, Ohio; Charles Ed- 
ward Riley, North Conway, N. H. 

Henry Newbegin, Esq., '57, of Defiance, 
Ohio, was also elected a member. A com- 
mittee was appointed to consider the matter 
of having a Phi Beta Kappa dinner at 
Commencement. Officers were elected as 
follows : 

President, D. C. Linscott, Esq., '54; Vice-Presi- 
dent, Henry Ingalls, '41 ; Secretary and Treasurer, 
Prof. F. C. Robinson, '73; Literary Committee, Prof. 
George T. Little, '77, Galen 0. Moses, '56, Charles 
Fish, '65, Orville D. Baker, Esq., '68, Rev. E. C. 
Cummings, '53. 

Meeting op the Board of Ovekseees u^ 
AND Tkustees. 
The Board of Overseers and Trustees 
transacted the following business at the 
meeting, Wednesday : 

Voted, That Bowdoin College gratefully appreci- 
ates the liberal bequest of one hundred thousand dollars 
by Daniel B. Fayervveather, of New York, and will 
ever hold in honor the memory of that philanthropic 
benefactor who devoted a fortune of millions, the 
fruit of honest industry, to the cause of education for 
the benefit of his fellow-men. 

Voted, That the treasurer of Bowdoin College is 
authorized to receive the bequest made to it by 
Daniel B. Fayerweather, and to execute under seal 
of the corporation, and to deliver, on behalf of the 
college, such formal receipts or instruments as may 
be required by the executors of the Fayerweather 
will and approved by counsel of the college. 

Voted, That the Degree of Doctor of Medicine be 
conferred on the following gentlemen recommended 
by the Faculty of Bowdoin : 

Chancey Adams, Burt Andrews, William Herbert 
Bradford, Frank Irving Brown, Charles Burleigh, 
Herbert Knight Colbath, Benjamin Glazier Wiley 
Cushman, Harris Obediah Curtis, Samuel Wilbert 
Davis, Daniel Clement Dennett, Charles Herbert Fish, 
John Smith Fogg, George Augustus Gregory, 
Howard Clinton Hanson, Edward Howard Hawley, 
Harry Waldo Kimball, Willis Hazen Kimball, 
Arthur Wayland Langley, George Franklin Libby, 



100 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



-Frank Henry McLaughlin, Joseph Harvey Murphy, 
John Clement Parker, Harry Snow Parsons, Herbert 
Harmon Purington, Arthur Azbra Shaw, John Ziba 
Shedd, WlUey Edgar Sincook, Clement Colfax 
Whitcomb. 

Voted, That the Degree of Bachelor of Arts be 
conferred on Percy Freeman Marston, of the class 
of '88. 

Voted, That the librarian may employ an assistant 
whose salary shall be $300 a year. 

Voted, That the treasurer be authorized to pay 
the expenses of any member of the Faculty who 
shall be delegated by a vote thereof to attend any 
meeting, at which, in their judgment, it is important 
to have the college represented, provided that the 
aggregate of such payments shall not exceed $100 
a year. 

Voted, That the Degree of A.M. be conferred on 
all graduates of three years' standing who shall 
fulfill the requirements for that degree which were in 
force previous to the last Commencement, and who 
shall apply therefor before the Commencement of 
1892. 

Voted, That $300 be appropriated as a guaranty 
fund to pay whatever deficit may arise in connection 
with the university extension lectures, by members 
of the Faculty of the college ; provided that all 
receipts from these lectures shall be paid into the 
college treasury, and that each member of the Faculty 
so lecturing shall receive a compensation of $100 
for a coui'se of five lectures, and that no such course 
of lectures shall be given without the approval of 
the President. 

Voted, That there be appointed a joint committee 
of the two Boards to take into consideration the best 
means of extending the relations of the college with 
fitting schools in this State, with power to enter into 
arrangements with such schools as they may approve. 

The appropriation for instruction and incidental 
expenses for the college year of 1891 and 1892 is 
$40,275. 

Voted, That Charles Dennison Smith, M.D., be 
elected Professor of Physiology in the Medical 
School for three years. 

Voted, That John A. Peters, of Bangor, be chosen 
a trustee. 

Voted, That William Lawton be elected Professor 
of Latin for three years. 

Voted, That George T. Files be elected Instructor 
in Modern Languages for three years, with leave of 
absence to study in Europe. 

Voted, That the Degree of Bachelor of Arts be 
conferred on the members of the graduating class. 



Voted, That the Degree of Master of Arts, in 
cour.se, be conferred on : Thomas H. Ayer, W. H. 
Bradford, Horatio S. Card, James L. Doolittle, 
Richard W. Goding, George A. Ingalls, John A. 
Maxwell, Marsena P. Smithwiok, William W. 
Woodman, Ernest S. Bartlett, George P. Brow, ' 
Dennis M. Cole, Alvin C. Dresser, William T. Hall, 
George H. Larrabee, Albert W. Meserve, Albert W. 
Tolman. Out of course, on: James Donovan, John 
W. Nichols, Franklin P. Knight, Austin Carey, 
Leander B. Varney, Edward B. Burpee, Alfred 
Hitchcock, Herbert L. Allen, Howard L. Lunt, 
Elliot B. Torry, Charles H. Verrill, Edward C. 
Plummer. 

Voted, That the Honorary Degree of Doctor of 
Science be conferred on Sumner Increase Kimball. 

The Boards were notified of a gift to the college of 
$25,000 by the late Cyrus Woodman of Massachusetts. 

Meeting op Maine Histokical Society. 

There was a full attendance at the anntial 
meeting of the Maine Historical Society, 
Wednesday morning, in Massachusetts Hall. 
The following officers were elected: 

President, James P. Baxter ; Vice-President, Rufus 
K. Sewall ; Treasurer, Philip H. Brown ; Corre- 
sponding Secretary and Biographer, Joseph William- 
son ; Recording Secretary, Librarian and Cabinet 
Keeper, Henry W. Bryant ; Standing Committee, 
William H. Lapham of Augusta, Joseph Williamson 
of Belfast, Henry S. Burrage of Portland, Henry L. 
Chapman of Brunswick, James W. Bradbury of 
Augusta, John Marshall Brown of Portland, and 
Edward P. Burnside of Saco. 

The following were elected new members 
of the association : 

S. Clifford Belcher, Farmington ; George P. Bar- 
rett, Portland ; George A. Emery, Saco ; Charles S. 
Fobes, Portland ; Enoch Foster, Bethel ; Benjamin 
N. Goodale, Saco ; Clarence Hall, Portland ; William 
C. Hatch, West Mills ; Shailer Mathews, Waterville ; 
Joseph E. Moore, Thomaston ; Augustus F. Moulton, 
Portland ; Daniel E. Owen, Saco ; Samuel T. Pickard, 
Portland ; Frederick Robie, Gorham ; Edward Wood- 
man, Portland. 

Corresponding members were elected as 
follows : 

John L. Cutler of Georgia, Frederick M. Warren 
of Maryland, and Samuel A. Drake of Massachusetts. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



101 



H. O. Thayer, C. E. Nash, and J. L. Doug- 
lass were appointed a committee, with full 
power to arrange for a field day at the mouth 
of the Kennebec. 

Alumni Game. 
The alumni game was played on the 
delta, Wednesday afternoon. It provoked 
moie laughter than excitement. The alumni 
got together a fine team, who played a good 
game, while on the other hand, many of the 
regular players being absent, the undergrad- 
uates were represented by a nine composed 
of men who had played little or none this 
season. The alumni lead handsomely from 
the start, and were so elated at the close that 
it was thought they might challenge the 
Colbys. The score at the close was : Alumni, 
11 ; Undergraduates, 6. Gary and Moulton 
were the battery for the alumni, and W. M. Hil- 
ton and J. Hastings for the Undergraduates. 







Commencement Concert. 
There was a very full attendance at the 
Commencement Concert, Wednesday night. 
The audience was an exceptionally fine one, 
both as regards dress and intellect, and the 
performers seemed to appreciate the fact 
fully. There probably never was any better 
singing in the hall. The following is the 
programme : 

Marche Russe. Tavan. 

Overture — "Les Mousquetaires." Varney. 

Orchestra. 
Aria from "Don Pasquale." Donizetti. 

Miss Wentvvorth. 
Cavatina — "Salve-Dimora." Faust by Gounod. 

Signer Campanini. 
Dance of the Goblins. Keclier-Loraine. 

Descriptive. — Near twelve o'cloclf, midnight; the 
night-birds, owls, crickets, etc., etc., are lieard; 
the steeple clocli strilies the hour; the goblins 
assemble at the old church-yard ; they begin to 
dance until they are suddenly frightened away by the 
watchman's pistol, but return and dance livelier than 
before, more particularly a young goblin; the whistle 
of a passing steamboat on the river near by is heard ; 
when the dance is at its height, a second pistol-shot 



scares them all away ; the hurried music and weird 
effects describe them scattering in all directions. 

Orchestra. 

Solo for Cornet—" Blue Bells." Cox. 

Mr. J. W. Butler. 



Songs 



5 " Twas April." 
J"Eti" 



Nevin. 
Goyard . 



Embarquez Vous." 

Miss Wentworth. 
Solo for Clarinet. Selected. 

Mr. N. R. Amelotte. 
Teomanza — "II Fior," Carmen. Bizet. 

Signer Campanini. 
" Lime Kiln Club Soiree." Launendeau. 

Orchestra. 
Duet — " Parigi o Care," from La Traviata. Verdi. 

Signer Campanini and Miss Wentworth. 

Overture — "Opera Comique." Biesig. 

Orchestra. 

The music by the Salem Cadet Orchestra 
was fine. Miss Wentworth more than met 
expectations, although these were high. Her 
voice is remarkably sweet, and she has a 
fine stage presence. She received an encore 
after each number. Signer Campanini was 
greeted with tumulturous applause, and was 
called for after each number until he appeared 
and sung an encore. The last of these 
was a verse of " Sweetheart, Good-bye," 
which set the audience almost wild. The 
duet by Campanini and Miss Wentworth was 
something the like of which will not be heard 
again at Brunswick for a long time. The 
concert was pronouuced the best ever given 
in Brunswick. It was a success financially. 

Fraternity Reunions. 
After the concert the Fraternity reunions 
were held at the various halls. The greet- 
ings here were hearty, and the tables groaned 
with the weight of plentiful supplies. The 
banqueting and toasting, the recounting of 
reminiscences, and the speculating on the 
prospects of the future, occupied all very 
pleasantly until a late hour. There were 
many alumni present, and this added great 
interest to the gatherings. These reunions 
probably furnish the best opportunity of form- 
ing acquaintances with the old and distin- 



102 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



guished alumni that the undergraduates can 
have; they are therefore profitable as well as 
enjoyable. 

Alumni Meeting. 
!/ The first matter of consequence Thursday 

morning was the meeting of the alumni. 
This was held in the Chemical Lecture Room 
at 9 A.M. The officers elected were Presi- 
dent, James McKeeii, of New York, class of 
'64 ; Vice-President, Sylvester B. Carter, 
Newbiiryport, Mass., class of '66; Secretary 
and Treasurer, Prof. George T. Little, Bruns- 
wick, class of '77 ; Executive Committee, 
Alfred Mitchell, M.D., '59, Arthur T. Parker, 
'76, William H. Moulton, '74. 

The Alumni Association nominated Oliver 
C. Stevens, '76, of Boston, to fill the vacancy 
in the Board of Overseers, and that gentleman 
will be recommended to the board by the 
association. 

Commencement Exeecises. 
\J Thursday, that historic day on which so 

many of the sons of Bowdoin have crossed 
the college threshold to become men of 
affairs, came forth clear and cool. At an 
early hour the crowds began to gather, and at 
10 o'clock a large company was present, in- 
cluding Governor Burleigh and members of 
his Staff, ex-Senator Bradbury, Senator Frye, 
Gen. Joshua L. Chamberlain, Judge Emery, 
Speaker Wiswell of the Maine House, and 
many others of distinguished ability and note. 
A few minutes later the procession was 
formed in the usual way in front of the 
chapel, the band playing " Phi Chi," as the 
members of the classes were getting into posi- 
tion. The usual line of march, straight out 
to the street, thence to the church, was taken, 
the graduating class in caps and gowns, act- 
ing as an escort to the procession. More than 
two hundred alumni were in line. Governor 
Burleigh and members of his staff having the 
places of honor. 

The programme of the exercises at the 



church was well executed and reflected credit 
upon the class. It was as follows: 

EXERCISES FOE THE DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF 

ARTS. 

MUSIC. — PRAYER . — MUSIC 

Talleyrand — with Latin Salutatory. 

Henry Eastman Cutts, Portland. 
Church Reform. 

*John Roberts Home, Jr., Berlin, N. H. 
Hamilton and Jefferson. 

Henry Smith Chapman, Brunswick. 
The Basis of American City Government. 

Jonathan Prince Cilley, Jr., Rockland. 

MUSIC 

The Martyrdom of Socrates. 

Harry DeForest Smith, Gardiner. 
The Modern Tendency of Religion . 

Algernon Sidney Dyer, Bar Mills. 
The American Patent System. 

Fred Ober Fish, Brunswick. 

MUSIC. 

The Foreign Element in New England. 

Henry Nelson, Alna. 
The Political Function of the Educated Man. 

Thomas Rich Croswell, Farmington Falls. 
A Step Beyond Puritanism. 

Edward Henry Newbegin, Defiance, Ohio. 

MUSIC 

Conferring of Degrees. 
Prayer. 

Benediction. 

*Excu8ed. 

Below are the honorary appointments for 
the class of 1891 : 

SALUTATORY. 

Henry Eastman Cutts, Portland. 

ENGLISH ORATIONS. 

Jonathan Prince Cilley, Jr., Rockland. 
Thomas Rich Croswell, Farmington Falls. 

Algernon Sidney Dyer, Bar Mills. 

Fred Ober Fish, Brunswick. 

Charles Harris Hastings, Bethel. 

John Roberts Home, Jr., Berlin, N. H. 

Everett Gray Loring, Yarmouth. 

Henry Nelson, Alna. 

Harry DeForest Smith, Gardiner. 

Charles Sias Wright, Portland. 

PHILOSOPHICAL DISQUISITIONS. 
Henry Smith Chapman, Brunswick. 

Fred Winburn Dudley, Harrison. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



103 



Samuel Hodgman Erskine, 
Ralph Hudson Hunt, 
Charles Vincent Minott, Jr., 
Edward Henry New begin, 
Parker Cleaveland Newbegin, 
Charles Edward Rilej", 



Alna. 
Bangor. 
Phippsburg. 
Defiance, Ohio. 
Defiance, Ohio. 
North Conway, N. H. 



LITERARY DISQUISITIONS. 

Arthur Taylor Brown, Peabody, Mass. 

Lewis Albert Burleigh, Augusta. 

Fred Drew, Alfred. 

Edward Nathan Coding, Alfred. 
Owen Eaton Hardy, West Farmington. 

Ivory Chandler Jordan, Auburn. 

Charles Stuart Fessenden Lincoln, Brunswick. 

Wilbert Grant Mallett, Topshaui. 

Alexander Peter McDonald, Bath. 

Fred Eugene Parker, Deering. 

Gould Alexander Porter, Strong. 

Bertrand Dean Ridlon, Portland. 

Fred James Simonton, Jr., Rockland. 

DISQUISITIONS. 

Thomas Stone Burr, Bangor. 

John Mason Hastings, Bangor. 

Henry Chester Jackson, Wiscasset. 

Henry Whiting Jarvis, Auburn. 

John Francis Kelley, Biddeford. 

George Clifton Mahoney, Alna. 

Angus Martin McDonald, Bath. 

Elden Philip Munsey, Wiscasset. 

Albert Kansas Newman, East Wilton. 

Henry Herbert Noyes, South Freeport. 

George Harris Packard, Boston, Mass. 

Otto Clifford Scales, Wilton. 

Thomas Henry Tibbetts, Woolwich. 

Frank Martain Tukey, Newcastle. 

DISCUSSIONS. 

Dennis Milliken Bangs, Waterville. 

Emerson Hilton, Damariscotta. 

Weston Morton Hilton, Damariscotta. 

Honors in Latin — Algernon Sidney Dyer, Ralph 
Hudson Hunt, Harry DeForest Smith. 

Honors in French — Algernon Sidney Dyer, 
Everett Gray Loring, Charles Sias Wright. 

Commencement Dinnek. 
The Commencement dinner was one of 
the best and most enjoyable had for a long 
time. Over three hundred plates were laid, 
and every seat was taken. The dinner took 
place in the Gymnasium, and was prepared 
by Robinson, of Portland. The arrangements 



were excellent, and the service complete. 
The dinner was a feast, not only satisfactory 
to the palate but also to the eye, the sentiment, 
and the intellect as well. 

There were seated at the chief table 
with President Hyde, ex-Senator Bradbury, 
ex-Governor Robie, Rev. Di-. Dike, Rev. Dr. 
Webb, and several of the other distinguished 
alumni. Governor Burleigh, Senator Frye, 
and General Chamberlain, were unable to be 
present at the dinner. The menu is here 
presented : 



Ham. 



Turkey. 



Boiled. 
Tongue. 
Roast. 

Entrees. 



Corned Beef. 

Chicken. 
Lobster Salad. 



Salmon, Mayonnaise. 

Chicken Patties. 

Plain Lobster. Lobster Patties. 

Vegetables. 

Mashed Potatoes. Green Peas. String Beans. 

Cucumbers. Radishes. Lettuce. 

Relishes. 

Apricots. Currant Jelly. Cheese. 

Spanish Olives. Horse Radish. 

Beet and Cucumber Pickles. 

Tomato and Walnut Ketchups. 
English Mixed Pickles. French Mustard. 

Halford and Worcestershire Sauces. 

Pastry. 

Apple Pie. Lemon Pie. 

Gooseberry Pie. Washington Pie. 

Dessert. 

Lemon, Vanilla, and Strawbei-ry Ice-Cream. 

Lady Fingers. Tea Biscuit. Macaroons. 

Pound Cake. Citron Cake. 

Currant Cake. Sponge Cake. Apples. 

Bananas. Water-melon. Raisins. Figs. 
Almonds. English Walnuts 

Pecan Nuts. Strawberries and Cream. 

Tea. Coffee. 

When the dinner had been discussed to 
the satisfaction of every one, and the whole 
company, led by George A. Thomas, '41, had 
joined in singing the ancient hymn 
"Let children hear the mighty deeds 
Which God performed of old," 

President Hyde arose and said : 



104 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Gentlemen of the Alumni, — It is a great pleas- 
ure on this peculiarly auspicious day to extend to 
you all the hearty welconae of your generous Alma 
Mater. To be sure, she is a thrifty, as well as a 
generous mother, and she has charged you for your 
dinner to-day, anywhere from one to sixty years in 
advance upon your term bills, where you could not 
escape the payment. [Laughter and applause.] 
We feel that the year which has just come to a close 
has been one of uninterrupted prosperity. We grad- 
uate to-day a class which has been exceeded in 
numbers only once in the entire history of the col- 
lege. [Applause.] When you remember that that 
one larger class was the class of '60, the class of 
Speaker Reed [applause], there arises at once the 
question whether every one of the fifty-flve mem- 
bers enrolled in that class were actually present in 
the class-room, participating in the exercises. 
[Laughter and applause.] However, it has not been 
our policy to make special efforts to induce men to 
come here, but rather to take such care of them 
after they have come, that they will remain, satisfied, 
and go away loyal sous of the college. This we 
believe that we are accomplishing. I believe that 
every reasonable request that has been made since 
the members of the graduating class have been here, 
has been considered and granted. I know that we 
have enlarged, at their suggestion and request, our 
instruction in elocution, in rhetoric, in physics, in 
astronomy, in history, in sociology, in order to meet 
what they deemed to be a reasonable demand to 
make upon the college. I have no hesitation in say- 
ing here in the presence of them all — if there is any 
one who wishes to deny it he can — that I believe 
every one of them goes away entirely satisfied with 
what the college has endeavored to do for him. 
[Applause.] 

Not only in the matter of instruction do we en- 
deavor to meet reasonable wants of the students, but 
we entrust more and more all matters of govern- 
ment to their common sense. During the year that 
has passed^and I may say by the way that the 
class which graduates is a rather lively one [laugh- 
ter and applause], and if they make as much stir iu 
the world as they made in the early portion of their 
college course they will be heard from soon— there 
has not been occasion for a single case of discipline 
for disturbance or disorder here, which the 
students have not of their own accord and 
of their own motion, promptly and eiiectually 
dealt with. Neither President nor Faculty has 
taken the initiative in any act of disoipliqe what- 
ever, throughout the year, 



We have many things for which we wish 
at this time to give thanks. In the first place, 
for the observatory, which is now completed with 
the exception of a larger telescope, which we 
hope some good friend of the college will soon 
provide for us, we wish to express our thanks 
to Mr. James A. Taylor of Fairbury, Illinois, and to 
various generous members among the alumni who 
have made possible for us this addition to our 
means of instruction. We also wish to give thanks 
for the note for five thousand dollars which has re- 
cently been given to the treasurer by a grandson of 
Edward Little of Auburn, in order to increase the 
endowment of English Literature and Rhetoric. 
[Applause.] The Fayerweather bequest of one hun- 
dred thousand dollars [applause] has been assured 
to us by an arrangement entered into between the 
representatives of the college and the representa- 
tives of the estate so that it is as sure to come to us 
as any human event can be. At this Commence- 
ment we have also received a bequest long ago 
designed for us by an honored son of this college, 
whom I well remember as being present here five years 
ago, and who was always devoted to the interests 
of the college and present at its meetings, Mr. Cyrus 
Woodman of Cambridge. He has placed at the dis- 
posal of the college, under certain conditions which 
have been accepted, the sum of twenty-five thou- 
sand dollars. For all these we wish to express 
our deep sense of gratitude. [Applause.] 

The course of study, and in great part the 
personelle of the Faculty, will continue next year 
as it has been during this year. Mr. Files, a tutor 
who has had marked success in instruction in 
the languages this year [applause], has been 
appointed instructor in modern languages in this 
college for three years, with two years' leave of 
absence, which two years he expects to spend in 
Germany, fitting himself for the department of Ger- 
man [applause], so that on his return and there- 
after it is the hope of the college to place a pro- 
fessor in each of those important departaients, 
French and German. 

We appreciate the honor that is conferred upon 
the college by the leading universities of the land, 
in that whenever they find themselves in need 
of re-enforcements, they look to Bowdoin. We 
should prefer them to take some other method 
of showing their appreciation of the work done 
here, but we can not have things in all respects 
as we would. It is with reluctance that we part 
with Professor Pease, but I am happy to an- 
nounce that in bis place the Boards have elected a 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



105 



man who, although of a somewhat different type of 
scholarship, is one, all things considered, fully his 
equal in all demands that we shall make upon hira. 
They have elected a man who has had fifteen years 
of successful experience in the leading preparatory 
schools of Massachusetts ; a man who has had 
experience in dealing with classical studies in a 
college course; a man who has made a name for 
himself in classical literature and stands among the 
first translators and interpreters of the master- 
pieces of classics in America to-day; a man who is 
associated and connected with the leading classical 
scholars of the land, so that there is not a classi- 
cal scholar in this country who will not recognize 
and approve of his election as soon as they hear of 
it; a man who brings to us breadth of scholarship, 
thoroughness of training, and with it all, abroad and 
hearty appreciation of the beauty of language and 
literature, and who will inspire the students with a 
love for the old authors. William C. Lawtou, who 
graduated from Harvard in the class of 73, who 
has traveled and studied and been connected with 
the Delphi fund, who is now the Secretary of the 
American Institute of Archaeology, is the man 
whom the Boards have elected to take the chair of 
the Winkley Professorship of Latin in this college. 

I believe that the election of Mr. Lawton is sig- 
nificant beyond the mere influence of this particular 
chair in this particular college. I believe it marks 
the beginning of the tide which is bound to turn and 
entirely transform and elevate the tone of classical 
scholarship in this country. Too long the classics 
have been given over to narrow specialists and 
pedants enveloped in the student's gown and capped 
with a degree; men who have looked into the fine 
and technical points of philology rather than entered 
into the broad and generous interests and sympa- 
thies and light and spirit of the ancient world. 

The college has also authorized its professors to 
enter, in a quiet and modest way, into the work of 
university extension. The proposition is that the 
professors shall give short courses of lectures, in the 
neighboring cities of our State, upon the subjects 
in which they are giving instruction. It is believed 
that the contact between the professors of the college 
and the people of our State will be beneficial to 
bothalike, that it will awaken interest in literary 
pursuits, and render the instructors more practical 
in their teaching, and that it will enable them to 
interest and hold audiences by the merits of what 
is said rather than by the force of position which 
accompanies exercises in the class-room. 

To sum up, then, I believe we can honestly say 



that in purity of student life, in friendhness of re- 
lation between teachers and students, in the pohcy 
of the Boards, in the intellectual life of the insti- 
tution, the college stands to-day fully abreast of the 
times and inline with the spirit of the past. 

The President then called upon ex-Gov- 
ernor Eobie, as the first speaker to respond for 
the class of '41. The Governor, as he arose, was 
greeted with a round of applause. He spoke 
as follows : 

Mr. President and Graduates of Bowdoin Col- 
lege, — It is a great honor and a high privilege to have 
this opportunity to speak for the class of 1841. I 
desire to be brief, and I desire that all the facts and 
names that I may utter shall be correct. I have in 
a very hasty manner prepared myself for this occa- 
sion. I wish the honor and the privilege had 
devolved upon some other member of my class. I 
ask your indulgence, therefore, for a few moments, 
at least, while I give to you some names, some acts, 
and some doings of the class of 1841. 

I am requested by the surviving members of the 
class of '41 to convey to the distinguished presideut, 
faculty, and graduates of Bowdoin College our 
kind greetings and cordial salutations. Words 
feebly represent the offerings of our hearts to our 
Alma Mater on the semi-coutennial anniversary of 
our graduation day. This is an event which but 
once in a life-time can summon a college class 
together. It is certainly a momentous and grand 
occasion, and brings with it many pleasant as well as 
some sad memories. The class of '41, on its day of 
graduation, numbered thirty-six members. The 
youngest was eighteen years of age, the oldest was 
over thirty years. Each one appeared to be in good 
health, and full of faith and promise for future influ- 
ence, and with the usual expectancy of length of years. 
But the experience of all college classes shows that 
life is short, and even youth has to submit to that 
irrevocable law of Providence, which summons one 
after another, at well-measured intervals, to the 
realities of a future life. The class of '41 has been 
no exception to the inflexible rule of repeated loss 
by death. Within six months after our graduation, 
William Cochran Nichols of New Castle, the youngest 
and a much beloved member of the class, received 
his summons to depart, leaving behind an exoellef5t 
character and scholarship, and attainments not 
surpassed by any of his classmates. It is a remark- 
able coincidence, and in keeping with the mysterious 
ways of Providence tliat we should have with us 



106 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



to-day, for he promised to be here, the oldest mem- 
ber of our class, twelve years older thau the 
lamented Nichols would have been, if he had 
lived. His paternal and kind appearance more 
than fifty years ago gave to him the appellation of 
"Pater Omnium," and he was thus formally baptized, 
and recognized by our fraternal band. I refer to 
the Rev. Joseph Garland, an orthodox Congrega- 
tional minister of long, faithful, and successful, 
experience in Christian work. Of the thirty-six 
members of our class, twenty-one are dead, and 
fifteen are living. Here, then, are tears for the 
dead, and lofty cheers for the living. 

I do noinjustice to the living, when I say that the 
great destroyer of the human race, in his appointed 
work, has selected for an ottering the brightest and 
most promising of our class. I would be glad to 
speak of each one separately, but this is not a 
proper occasion. Several of the deceased members, 
like Rev. Francis D. Ladd of Philadelphia, Prof. 
Henry E. Peck of Oberlin University, Rev. Daniel 
F. Potter of Brunswick, Hon. Amroy Holbrook of 
the State of Oregon, Samuel H. Blanchard, M.D., 
of Yarmouth, Hon. Arno Wiswell of Ellsworth, 
and Judge Washington Gilbert of Bath, were 
learned, conspicuous, and influential in their several 
professions; while others in the more humble walks 
of life, like Hon. Daniel T. Richardson of Baldwin, 
Franklin Partridge of Bath, Oliver Hinkley of St. 
George, discharged every obligation of life and 
many public duties with honor and fidelity. Of 
our living members, we are proud of Rev. George 
F. Magoun, D.D., President of Iowa College, Hon. 
Henry W. Lowell, a wealthy resident of California, 
Hon. Henry Ingalls of Wiscasset, and Rev. Benj. 
F. Parsons of New Hampshire. Others are deserv- 
ing of meritorious mention, and we cannot forget 
our genial classmate, George A. Thomas, who en- 
tertained us so hospitably at his home in Portland, 
last evening. Eleven of our number are, or have 
been, ministers of the gospel, and have filled 
responsible fields of labor. 

We had a good class, conservative, and not 
impulsive, but true and loyal to themselves, 
to the college, and to the State. If we have 
not worked out any of the great problems of 
genius in art or science, so as to be well known in 
the wide world, it has, perhaps, been for the want 
of opportunities or suitable surroundings. The 
past fifty years form a period wonderful in its develop- 
ments. The progress in the sciences is marvelous. 
The great revolutions in religious, educational, 
business, and social life, are wonderful, and more 



particularly the historic and political experience 
of this great republic has never been so important 
or thrilling as during the past five decades of its 
history. The heated discussion on slavery during 
the fifth and sixth decades of this century, immedi- 
ately following the year of the graduation of the 
class of '41, is remembered with intense interest 
by older men, and read and considered with profound 
thought by the younger generation. It terminated 
in the great war for the Union, and the death and 
extinction of human slavery in this great nation. 
Bowdoin College was on the right side in that 
struggle, for it had for leading and conspicuous states- 
men, men like William Pitt Fessenden, and John 
Albion Andrew; and patriots and generals like 
Generals Joshua L. Chamberlain and 0. 0. Howard, 
Generals Francis and James D. Fessenden, 
Lieutenant Samuel Fessenden, General John 
Marshal Brown, General Thomas W. Hyde, 
General Charles Mattock, and Colonel Charles 
B. Merrill ; and there were hosts of others of 
its worthy and distinguished men in the councils 
of tbe State and Nation, and two hundred and 
forty-nine sons of Bowdoin were on the battle- 
fields of the Republic. The past fifty years has 
wrought out many changes in the college. The 
college faculty of fifty years ago are all gone, 
President Woods, Professors Cleaveland, Newman, 
Smythe, Packard, Upham, and Goodwin, each had 
an individuality, and personal peculiarities, for 
which they were distinguished. They were all men 
of learning and distinction, and what they did for 
the college during their connection with this 
institution is written upon the best and brightest 
page of its history. 

After fifty long years of service since the happy 
day of our graduation, marching together in sun- 
light and shade on the world's great battle-field, 
four of the graduating class of '41 are here to-day. 
Henry T. Cumraings, M.D., of Portland, Frederick 
Robie of Gorham, Benjamin F. Parsons of Derry, 
N. H., and George A. Thomas, Esq., of Portland, 
come joyfully back to our Alma Mater, bringing 
the golden sheaves of all our class with us, and we 
deposit the same reverently, but modestly, upon its 
sacred altar. George W. Brown, Esq., of St. Louis, 
William B. Dean, Esq., of Boston, Prof. Edward 
Howe of New York, Rev. Charles D. Herbert of 
New York, William H. Lowell, Esq., of California, 
and Rev. George P. Magoun, D.D., of Iowa, are 
unable to be present on account of pressing busi- 
ness engagements. Charles Davis, Esq., of Bangor, 
Barrett E. Potter, Esq., of Augusta, Hon. Henry 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



107 



Ingalls of Wiscasset, and Kev. Richard B. Thurston 
of Connecticut, are absent on account of ill-health. 
The historj' of our class seems to form an important 
link in the great chain which connects the present 
with the past, and our relationship with the college 
class of '91 is peculiar and interesting, for when 
the graduating class of to-day is called together in 
1941 to celebrate its semi-centennial anniversary, 
the class of 1841 will be long forgotten, and only 
remembered as a part of the college chain of classes 
which will then have no living representative- 
Your history will be welded to ours in close com- 
munion — you are now all looking forward, a minority 
will then be looking backward. In the words of 
another, "being about to die we salute you," and 
earnestly desire that your career may be successful 
and honorable to yourself, and thus add much 
renown to the history of your Alma Mater. And, 
now, nearer the bank of the great river, whose 
rushing waters we distinctly hear, I lea.ve my class- 
mates to the kind protection of an over-ruling 
Provideuce, and may we continue during the few 
remaining days of our lives, before we pass over, to 
be true to God and ourselves, loyal to our Alma 
Mater, and mindful of the varied interests of our 
State and the great Americau Republic. 

President Hyde : 

Sometimes wo have committed the mistake of 
putting the younger men off until the end of the 
meeting. In order to do equal justice to all, I am 
about to call upon one of the rising young men of 
the State. Governor Robie wished to confine himself 
to representing his class and to leave to others the 
wider relations of public life, and the distinguished 
representative of the bench, Hon. L. A. Emery, 
who is with us to-day, has insisted upon performing 
the duties of judge rather than of advocate, which we 
reluctantly have permitted him to do. So I shall call 
next, to speak for the State, upou one of our young 
graduates, who by the fidelity and ability and success 
with which he has discharged the office of Speaker 
of the Maine House of Representatives [applause], 
has won a prominent place in the first ranks of the 
public men of the State. I will call upon the Hon. 
A. P. Wiswell of the class of 73. [Applause.] 

Speaker Wistvell ; 

' Mr. President and Brother Graduates, — I can 
hardly express my embarrassment in being called 
upon at this particular time. I will admit that 
I was notified that as a member of the class of 
73 I was to be called upon. Now, some eighteen 
years ago, when the class of 73 first appeared at 

5 



the boards of a Commencement dinner, except, per- 
haps those members who, by claiming to belong to 
the press had smuggled themselves in be&re [laugh- 
ter], we all cherished the hope that we should at 
I all times and upon all occasions be heard from. But 
speaking as I do now for the class, I am sure I can 
say that our feelings have changed in that respect, 
at least, we are not particular upon all occasions to 
be called upon or to be heard from. But, sir, I appre- 
ciate and recognize the fact that upon this day, at 
least, your authority extends over and applies to 
every graduate as well as to every undergraduate, 
and that no alumnus has the moral right to refuse 
to obey your command. The significant thing which 
impressed itself upon me this morning as the line 
was formed for the march to the church, was this : 
I had supposed, inasmuch as there were eighteen 
classes below mine, that I and the members of my 
class would upon that occasion have quite a respect- 
able position in the ranks; but I found to my sur- 
prise that a large proportion of the procession was 
in advance of us, and a very small proportion in 
our rear. Now it seems to me that we can draw 
from this fact the conclusion that the older gradu- 
ates take more interest in Commencement exercises, 
perhaps, or at least that their interest is revived to 
a greater extent than is that of the members of the 
younger classes. This certainly seems to me to be 
a good omen. It is certainly natural to expect just 
such a result, for although during the first few years 
after graduation, old associations may annually bring 
us back again to the college, yet a little later on we 
are all deeply immersed in the occupations and 
struggles of life, seeking position and competence 
for the decline of life and are forced to give old as- 
sociations and friend.ships less consideration, and to 
make our visits to the campus less and less frequent; 
while on the other hand, our older alumni, having in 
a measure finished their labors and retired in some 
degree from the active pursuits of life, are free to 
return often to the scenes of their earlier years and 
enjoy the festivities of the anniversary season. All 
this goes to show that although for a while our in- 
terest in Old Bowdoiu may perhaps be obscured by 
the necessity of devoting ourselves to the duties of 
life, yet after a time the desire to come back to these 
familiar scenes, to walk again under these trees, to 
see the buildings which have made such an 
impression upon our minds as never to be forgotten, 
and more than all this, sir, to meet again the friends 
of many years ago, returns to us once more in all 
its force; and so graduates again after a series of 
years, turn their faces to these familiar places. 



108 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



It seems to me that the college can be congratu- 
lated upon what is to some extent, if I understand 
it, a new departure, that is, in adopting as rapidly 
as practicable up to a certain limit, the elective sys- 
tem. It has always seemed to me that any young 
man who possesses the necessary ability and has 
received sufficient training to enable him to pass the 
preliminary examinations, if they are sufficiently 
rigid, ought to be able, to a certain extent at least, 
to choose those studies for which he has some inter- 
est and which, while they may not, perhaps, tend in 
the slightest degree to prepare him for his after life 
in any particular profession, will still allow him, in 
some things in which he has taken an interest, to 
become a profound student and enable him to lay 
the basis of a finished scholarship. [Applause.] 

Now, Mr. President, you have said that I 
am called upon to speak in regard to public 
matters. Of course this means in regard to public 
matters as related to the college. Let me say that 
the Legislature of Maine, with which I have been 
connected for a few years past, has always taken a 
great interest in our educational institutions. It 
became apparent two years ago, I think, that in cer- 
tain cases an injustice was being done by allowing 
an educational or charitable institution to own real 
estate and to escape competition with other real 
estate owners by not being obliged to pay taxes ; 
and it was urged upon the Legislature of two years 
ago that real estate, at least, belonging to institu- 
tions of the above mentioned character, should be 
taxed in the same way and to the same extent as 
is the real estate of individuals or of other corpora- 
tions. To prevent the injustice complained of this 
scheme was devised, which at the same time that 
it protected the colleges and the charitable institu- 
tions, also protected the other real estate owners 
from unfavorable competition. It was provided that 
colleges and other institutions of such a nature 
should pay a real estate tax but should be re-im- 
bursed by the State. Again, sir, when during this 
last winter it became known that the bequests which 
were being made to this college would make it 
necessary to increase the power of the college to hold 
property, as soon as the condition of things was 
presented to the members of the Maine Legislature, 
they at once and without any hesitation increased 
the limit so that this college, under the provisions 
of the amended law, can hold property to any ex- 
tent. [Applause.] In consequence of this generous 
treatment of the college at the hands of the State 
Legislature, Mr. President, no person henceforth 
need feel any fear that h^ s over-burdening or over- 



taxing the capacities of the college by making dona- 
tions to it of any kind. Let me in conclusion, sir, 
only say that the three members of the class of 73 
who are sitting here— and I believe we are a quorum 
— have all commenced to make arrangements 
whereby two years hence, when we shall have been 
out from these halls for a fifth of a century, we may 
all be seen here and also heard. [Applause.] 

President Hyde : 

I will next call upon a gentleman who stands 
related to the college in a great variety of ways. He 
is himself a graduate, has been for several years a 
prominent pastor of the Congregational church in 
Boston and is now a member of our Board of 
Trustees. I will call upon the Rev. Dr. Webb, who 
will also speak for the class of '46. [Applause.] 

Dr. Webb: 

Mr. President, —I accept your in vitation to address 
this assembly, and desire to very heartily endorse the 
congratulations which have been extended to 
yourself and to the members of the Faculty, 
and also to express my joy in these signs of 
progress and prosperity which I see here, of 
which this gymnasium in which we are assembled 
is certainly one. I regard it as a very important 
addition to the college, and as a sign of that fuller 
and larger idea which belongs to college life. At 
the same time, I must confess that my mind runs 
back a good ways — you will think so when you have 
been out of college forty-five years, perhaps— and 
there are two or three pretty sober things that I 
want to say, and yet they needn't be altogether 
sober. One thing about which I want to say a word 
is the restoration of that Commencement which I 
used to enjoy. The Commencement now is notjust 
what it used to be. A story is told of a young man 
who was the son of a dissipated father, which in- 
troduces very well, perhaps, the thought which I 
want to express. The young man had been con- 
verted and taken up by the Methodist charge and 
educated. He had been hoensed as an exhorter, at 
the end of his course, furnished with a horse and 
wagon, and put on his itineracy. This young man 
thought it would be a very pleasant thing, if at the 
end of his first day's travel, he could stop at his 
own father's house. So he drove at such a pace as 
to bring up at his father's front door, just before 
sunset. His father came out in his usual balmy 
mood, as we sometimes say, "seas over," and ac- 
costed his son, inquiring about his health and future 
prospects. The son iuformed biui that be was now 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



109 



started ou his work as a minister of the Gospel. 
His father said to him : 

" An' what does ze [hie] Meth'dis' church give 
you, my son [hie J, for preachin' ze Gospel?" 

" Father, they furnish me with this horse and 
wagon, they pay my expenses, and they give to me 
three hundred dollars." 

He looked the team over very carefully and said 
to his son : 

"My son [hicj, is zat ze bes' horse ze Meth'dis' 
church can give you?" 

"Yes, father, that is a very good horse. That 
is a better horse than the Master rode into Jerusa- 
lem on." 

He walked round the horse, looked him all over 
carefully, eyed the spavins, noted the spread foreleg, 
glanced critically at the ring-bone above his hoof, 
laid his arm in between his ribs, put his hand into 
the great hollows over his eyes, opened his mouth — 
teeth all gone. 

"My son," said he, "a bezzer horse zan ze [hie] 
Mazzer rode into Jerus'lem on ? Zat's ze very same 
horse!" [Laughter and applause.] 

Now, ray friends, it is not the very same horse 
that I want to bring back, not the horse having the 
spread foreleg, but the one having the foot that 
paws in the ground. It is the horse whose nostril 
snuflfs the battle afar off, whose neck is clothed with 
thunder, that is to say, my horse is that old Com- 
mencement, which I knew when I was younger and 
the horse was younger. 

The Doctor then described the long and 
grand procession, brought up by the grad- 
uating class, which was a feature of the Com- 
mencement day of his time, while the band 
played at the door with drum and fife and 
blaring trumpet, making a great noise as they 
went in. 

Then the house was packed full, and every 
one remained until we had finished all the 
programme, so often a good deal longer than 
the programme that we had this morning. Now 
there are two or three things about the exercises 
to-day that I want to commend most heartily. 
I like to see the young men there with 
their Oxford caps and gowns. I like to see the 
marching up the aisle — all those little forms please 
me. I was glad to see the Governor and his Staff 
there. I wish they could have stayed all day long 
with us. The speaking pleased me— yet not exactly 



— though the speaking was very good. It seemed 
to me and a friend of mine that the writing was 
excellent, that we seldom heard better English, any- 
where, than we did this morning. I don't know 
whether the speakers were impressed by the pres- 
ence of us old gray heads, but it seemed to me that 
there was a little unnatural repression about the 
young men, that they might have had a little more 
energy in their delivery, and a little more fire in 
their hearts or their blood. 

Now, as soon as the first piece of music sounds, 
it is customary for some of my brethren, of the trus- 
tees on the one side or of the overseers on the other, 
to begin to get up and drift out. It may well be that 
this has its effect on the speakers. It is no easy mat- 
ter to speak to empty benclies. Now I should like to 
see a reform in this particular, and I would suggest 
that if the gentlemen on the platform are so very 
thirsty that they can't contain themselves [laughter], 
that there might be a basket brought near the door, 
Id which could be concealed such nourishment as 
would be necessary [laughter], and they could then 
possibly remain through the exercises. 1 would sug- 
gest that the three lower classes band together among 
themselves and agree that they will sit through that 
two hours and a half or three hours at every Com- 
mencement, with the understanding that the Fresh- 
man class of next year shall follow on. If this were 
done the seats would always be well filled by the 
three undergraduate classes of the college at every 
Commencement. I think this much is due to the 
Seniors, and I think it is due to the young gentlemen 
themselves, and that such an arrangement would add 
very much to the interest of the Commencement. I 
cannot preach to empty benches, and I won't. That 
is my suggestion in regard to the matter. By making 
the change mentioned the quality of Commencement, 
instead of being insipid, as it has been in some cases 
because there is nobody present, might become again 
in some respects what it used to be. I think it might. 
I trust that the President will be successful in 
the future, not only in getting the ex-Governors, but 
also the Governor and his Staff to be present on 
occasions like this, and that they will be able to make 
a day of it. I think they might afford to give the 
oldest college in the State a day. 

There is another statement of a serious 
nature which I wish to make, and then I 
have said all I have to say. I owe a great 
deal to this college, more than I can tell. We all 
carry throughout our lives a debt of gratitude to it, 
although we may be doing at all times what we can 
for it. Now there is to be a meeting, a large meeting 



110 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



of students, about this time, from all the colleges in 
this land, and from colleges in other lands, intercol- 
legiate and international, at Northfleld, and I am 
greatly interested in that meeting; and as I look upon 
these fresh young faces, these aspiring young men 
who have just finished their college course, my 
thoughts have run away towards it, and I would sug- 
gest that this meeting furnishes an excellent oppoi'- 
tunity for some of these young men to pay in part 
their debt to the college. When I at my mother's 
knee read the beautiful story out of the Bible, one of 
the first things that I learned was this : that the 
things of the world, the resources of learning, the 
wealth of mind, are to be laid atihe feet of the Man 
of Nazareth who died for us on Calvary. When I 
came to this college with a mother's benediction and 
by a mother's love, I continued that thought here. 
Here Smythe and Upham and Packard not only im- 
pressed anew that thought upon my mind, but they 
illuminated it for me. Since that day my own studies 
and my own observations have strengthened the con- 
viction in my mind, which I think can never be 
shaken, that those simple truths which I learned from 
the open Bible are being realized to-day. Now, these 
students at Northfield — two hundred students of col- 
leges in this land, two hundred of them — have said 
to the churches and to the missionary boards : " We 
are ready to be sent on foreign missions, wherever 
you please to send us ;" and these two hundred stu- 
dents are pressed up by six thousand students 
behind them, as the first rays of the morning 
are pressed up by the sun that is coming behind the 
horizon. Here is the ideal field for our young men. 
We certainly owe a debt of gratitude to the good 
physicians who have stood by us when we were 
almost at death's door, and we look with great 
respect upon the keen and patient lawyers and the 
thrifty merchants of the land, but after all, the ideal 
man you have in the Man of Nazareth, and the ideal 
society you have in the Church of Christ. I have 
only to say in conclusion, that it is my prayer and 
will be while I live, that the sons of Bowdoin may 
not be found wanting when they are called to the ten 
thousand, the twenty thousand, who are to carry this 
blessed Gospel, with all the fruits of our Christian 
civilization, to the ends of the earth. 

James McKeeii, Esq., the newly elected 
president of the alumni, was next introduced. 
In introducing him President Hyde said : 

No college to-da}' is so thoroughly governed by 
its alurani as Bowdoin. On the board of trustees 
there are eleven alumni to two who are not; and 
of forty-three overseers forty are alumni. If the 



alumni were not having their own way with this 
majority, the distinguished alumnus of 1861, the 
ex-Speaker of the National House, could teach them 
how to make their majority very effective. [Laughter 
and applause.] 

Mr. McKeen said in the administration of his 
office he could not do more than follow the example 
of the retiring president. Dr. F. H. Gerrish. 
[Applause.] Mr. McKeen continued with a great 
deal of appropriate sense and wit. 

Galen C. Moses, Esq., of Bath, next responded 
wittily for the class of '56. 

President Hyde then introduced Dr. Charles D. 
Smith, of Portland, as an alumnus of Colby, who had 
lately been received into the Bowdoin family as 
Professor in the Medical School. Dr. Smith was 
received very cordially. He said he had always 
felt a warm interest in Bowdoin. He did not consider 
Bowdoin and Colby rivals, but as working together 
at a common task. Under its present management 
Colby was making great strides both in material 
prosperity and otherwise. He thought Bowdoin had 
one feature at least that might be copied profitably 
by Colby, indeed he knew that the management of 
Colby were contemplating such a step. He referred 
to the establishment of a department of biology and 
histology, studies of especial value to those intending 
to enter the medical profession. 
President Hyde: 

The class of '61 always comes to these reunions in 
full force. There is one member of that class whom, 
it is said, while in college, the professors could never 
get at to recite, and so, in order to make up for 
that, every chance that I have had since my con- 
nection with the college, I have taken the opportu- 
nity to call upon him, and I will do so now, and call 
upon the Hon. E. P. Loring of '61. [Applause.] 

Iio7i. E. p. Loring : 

Mr. President and Brethren of the Alumni, — You 
do well to start out by saying that you propose 
to call upon the young men and then introduce 
one who has been out at least thirty years. Mr. 
President, I have been admonished that the seats are 
a little hard. I know the graduating class are 
anxious to get out and find somebody to help them 
translate their diplomas [laughter and applause], 
and there are certainly a few puelki; waiting round 
the corner, so I will be brief. I pledge you to be 
brief — I haven't prepared anj'thing. The class of '61 
was fortunate befoi'e most classes in being the class 
of '61. [Laughter.] Glory clusters around the 
name '61, as you all know. You say you are turning 
out a class of fifty-two to-day, a class larger than any 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Ill 



other except only the class of '60, but I think you 
should revise your figures, Mr. President. The cata- 
logue isn't right with reference to the class of '61. 
Certain ones of the class graduated a little prema- 
turely [laughter], but they got their diplomas, I 
think, afterwards, for some distinguished services 
which entitled them to some consideration, and they 
are therefore properly members of the class of '61. 
That would bring my class up, I think, next to the 
largest class, the class of '60. At our reunion in 
Portland, last evening, of thirty-five survivors, 
twenty-two were there. Twenty of us are here 
to-day, and have been around this table. We met 
under some embarrassments in Portland. We did 
not remember that the laws of Maine had recently 
been furnished with teeth. I think that hereafter we 
shall have to get leave to hold our meetings outside 
the limits of the State. The class of '76 met in the 
same hotel in Portland and has not been out sixty 
years, as you will see by applying your pencils. Of 
course they sent us their compliments, reading some- 
thing like this : 

" 'Seventy-six sends greetings, and it is more blessed to 
give than to receive. Extremely dry. 

[Signed] " So-and-So." 

We have an ingenious secretary, and he promptly 
formulated a response somewhat as follows : 

" 'Sixty-one responds to the class o£ '76. 'Sixty-one was 
dry, but is not. Yours truly, 

" 'Sixty-One." 

[Laughter and applause.] We bring, Mr. Presi- 
dent, a loyal spirit to-day toward Bowdoin College. 
Some evidences are stronger than others of what we 
have done and what we have had to do, and 1 can 
say for one thing that the class of '61 has furnished 
six students to the college. One member has sent 
two, who have graduated. If any other class has 
done better, let it rise and signify it. These six 
students are here to-day. We would have sent more 
sons to Bowdoin, but owing to circumstances beyond 
our control, we have sometimes had daughters. The 
class of '61 is intensely loyal to the college, and we 
congratulate you, sir, that nothing has been said 
to-day, or not very much, in regard to the old tradi- 
tions of the college. We all love Longfellow and 
Hawthorne, and George Evans and Pitt Fessenden 
and Frank Pierce, but to-day we seem to hear some- 
thing about what the college is to-day, and I con- 
gratulate the alumni that the college is on a sure 
footing. We may talk familiarly with the President 
when we get him out to Boston, and I don't know 
but that I might be excused for a little familiarity 
here to-day. We were a little careful in our first 
inspection of this Harvard annex. [Laughter and 



applause.] The President of Bowdoin College 
suited the alumni, and in his selection I believe no 
mistake has been made. [Great applause.] That's 
right. There's nothinglike enthusiasm. [Applause.] 
Now let us let traditions alone and go forward to the 
things that are. The President has already taken 
his place as one of the educators of the country. He 
is heai'd of outside of Brunswick and outside of 
Maine. [Applause.] I congratulate the alumni and 
the college upon some new things that we have seen, 
here that we didn't use to see. I went around the 
yard, this morning, and came to the place where 
Professors Smythe and Packard used to live. I 
came from Colby to take my examinations for a 
Junior, and Professor Smythe passed me all right for 
a Freshman. [Laughter and applause.] You didn't 
wait to hear the whole of it. I was conditioned at 
that. I told the professor that he must be laboring 
under a misapprehension, for I was applying for 
admission to the Junior class. [Laughter.] He 
pulled up his coat a little and said that was a differ- 
ent matter. I was noting this morning the work of 
his hand — that beautiful building which he erected 
almost himself — Memorial Hall. 

Mr. Loring referred to the new observa- 
tory, to the gymnasium, and to boating and 
Ivy Day, and said : 

Mr. President, I hope athletics in Bowdoin 
College will not be slighted. I was one of the base- 
ball cranks when I was in college. As you say, I used 
to " cut," and go down back of Professor Upham's 
barn, and play base-ball. When I came in, the 
next day, to make up my lesson, in the kindliness 
of his heart he would say: "Where were you, 
Loring? " I would tell him where I was, and, with- 
out asking any questions with regard to the lesson, 
he would say: " Have you heard from your mother 
lately?" and mai-k me ten. [Applause.] 

Mr. Loring continued in this happy strain 
of wit and sound sense, and at the conclusion 
of his remarks was given a great round of 
applause. 

President Hyde: 

I will now call upon a representative of the class 
which graduated twenty-five years ago. The repre- 
sentative of the class of '66 is also the Senior member 
of our Faculty. I know we shall all be glad to listen 
to Professor Henry L. Chapman. [Great applause — 
an ovation.] 

Professor Chapman neatly turned the 



112 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



great reception to himself, speaking as 
follows : 

Mr. President and Brethren of the Alumni, — 
It is exceedingly gratifying and reassuring to have 
the name of the class of '66 received so cordially. 
[Applause.] It is of course no more than the class 
deserves, but those of us that have been out of college 
for twenty-five years, have had occasion frequently 
to find that appreciation does not always accompany 
desert, and so it is reassuring to have this class thus 
cordially received. Indeed, we read in the Scripture 
that there was a new king arose up once in Egypt 
who did not know Joseph, notwithstanding all that 
Joseph had done for the welfare of the Egyptians ; 
and it would hardly be surprising, therefore, if the 
older and the later generations of Bowdoin students 
did not thoroughly understand the distinguished 
merits of the class of '66. But I am glad that this 
indication of your good-will and cordial feeling for 
the class relieves me from the necessity of entering 
at any length upon its merits. I think I can say, as 
a distinguished gentleman has said before me in 
reference to the State of Massachusetts: "I shall 
enter upon no encomium " upon the class of '66. " She 
needs none. Here she is. Behold her and judge for 
yourselves." Bradstreet and Lawrence and Drum- 
mond and Davis and Beards! ey and Webster and 
Hinckley and Gerrish, and I was about to say, and 
here tliey will remain forever. But there is no 
provision for replenishing these tables, Mr. Presi- 
dent, and so you cannot expect that pleasure. The 
class of '66 was peculiarly fortunate in some 
respects — many respects. It had the advantage of 
extreme precocity on the part of some of its members. 
If you turn to the history of Bowdoin College, that 
incomparable record of the lives of the graduates of 
this institution, you will find, under the class of '66, 
the statement: "George William Kelley was born 
in Portland, November, 1844. He entered at once 
upon a course of theological study in Bangor." 
[Laughter.] Now I think, Mr. President, that it 
will be difficult to parallel that case. The one that 
it most nearly resembles is to be found also in that 
same record of the graduates of Bowdoin College. 
Under the class of '53 it is said that " Ephraim 
Chamberlain Cummings was born in Albany, in 
1825. His first year was spent in teaching in the 
Academy at Bucksport." [Laughter.] Now, so 
far as the precocity is concerned in these two cases, 
they are about on a par, but I think you will agree 
that the level of aspiration was greater in the 
member of the class of '66. I do not wish to say 
auytliing derogatory to the Academy at Bucksport, 



but I think that the entrance upon a course of 
theological study at Bangor does represent a higher 
level of aspiration than teaching in the Academy at 
Bucksport for the first year. Well, we had the 
advantage, as I say, of this precocity and of the 
other good qualities that accompanied it. 

As I look back over our college course, there are 
two or three things that come up to ray mind that I 
think the class of '66 may be credited with, even in 
later times. Bacon, in one of his essays, lays it 
down as a fact that we are to study the past history 
of things that have become abused. Some of you 
remember that. [Laughter and applause.] I think 
in the light of that very vi^ise maxim I may venture 
to remind you of the fact that it was some of the 
enterprising spirits in the class of '66 who established 
that organization which has since been celebrated as 
Phi Chi. [Great applause.] The fact that it has 
become abused since, that it has deteriorated from 
its high standing at the outset, need not prevent us 
here from recognizing the fact that it originated with 
the class of '66. It was a harmless organization in 
its infancy, but later on became a formidable one. 
But the class of '66 was not responsible for that. In 
our Senior year the class originated that custom to 
which our friend. Colonel Loring, has just referred, 
under the general statement of an "Ivy Day, or 
something or other of that sort." Evidently he is a 
fossil, and is not up with the times. He is not 
keeping up with the procession, [vy Day is the 
great day for undergraduates of Bowdoin College. 
It has been for years. It was started by the class of 
'66. [Applause.] And then the influence of the 
theological course, upon which our friend and 
brother, Kelley, entered when he was still youthful, 
exhibited itself at the close of our college course, in 
the disposition to show our loyalty and love to the col- 
lege by leaving some memorial of the college, and so 
one of the panels in the chapel was filled by the class 
as a perpetual memorial of the ;iflfection that we held 
at graduation for the dear old college. 

As we look over our college life to-day, the reminis- 
cences that come up to us are touched with some of the 
glory that was imparted to thera by some of the names 
that have been mentioned here this afternoon. The 
kindly, the patient, the forbearing Dr. Woods, courtly 
and elegant in his scholarship ; the rugged, ardent, 
impetuous, warm-hearted Smythe, whom every one 
of us loved; Packard, with his beautiful, elegant 
manners and his thorough Christian spirit; and 
Upham, with his humility, but also with his tenacity 
of purpose — these all taught us. We look back to them 
with love and reverence, and feel for them great 
affection and gratitude. But I think, on behalf of the 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



113 



class of '66, we can bring also the assurance of our 
sympathy and of our cordial support to those who 
represent the present administration of the college. 
Whoever bears aloft the banner of Bowdoin College, 
may be sure that the class of '66 will rally round it. 
For if there is any one thing that has characterized 
the class of '66 from the time it entered Bowdoin 
College up to the present day, I believe it is the 
fact that it is imbued with the Bowdoin spirit. We 
believe in Bowdoin College to-day and in the graduates 
that are leaving to-day, from the Chief Justice of 
the United States down through the whole ranks. 
[Applause.] 

And now, Mr. President and gentlemen, 
the time is passing. What are we here for? 
I think that question has been put under very 
different circumstances. We are net here for a 
degree. We have got nearly all the degrees that we 
deserve, and some of us, I am compelled to say, 
have got more than we deserve. We are not here 
for a degree, but we are here to testify to our love 
for each other and for the old college. We are here 
for the clasp of the hand that revives the charm 
unforgotten of old college lives, for the kindly bene- 
diction of our Alma Mater upon us once more. 

God bless our mother. Sitting here among the trees 
May she still gather her children in peace round her knees. 
Our hearts to each other are hound, and to tbee. 
In thy pine-shaded seat between river and sea. 

[Applause.] 

Mr. Tascus Atwood was then called upon 
to respond for the class of '76. Mr. Atwood 
replied briefly, yet in a very happy manner. 

The President then called upon Mr. 
Charles Haggerty, State Senator of Massa- 
chusetts, who responded for the class of '81. 
Mr. Haggerty said his class was out in 
force for the da}-, twenty strong. He said 
his class had eighteen lawyers, thirteen 
doctors, four ministers, and several other 
professional men. They were scattered 
through ten different states, but wherever 
they were they were shouting for Bowdoin. 
There were two other Bowdoin men besides 
himself in the Massachusetts Senate. 

The youngest man to be called on was 
Levi Turner, Jr., Esq., of the class of '86, 
who in the short time he has been out of 
college has been a member of the legislature, 
and is now superintendent of schools in Rock- 



land. President Hyde said it was unusual to 
call upon a member of a class so recently 
graduated. Mr. Turner showed that the 
young alumni are of as good stuff as the old 
ones, and made an excellent speech. He 
thought young men in Bowdoin received an 
admirable education. The only improve- 
ment in the course he thought of would be 
more attention to preparing students to be 
able to speak well in public. 

President'.s Reception. 
The President's reception was a brilliant 
affair, and a fitting termination to so success- 
ful a Commencement season. President and 
Mrs. Hyde, aided by the members of the 
Faculty and their ladies, received the great 
company in upper Memoiial. There could be 
no more fitting place for such a reception. 
From the walls above, the painted features of 
the illustrious benefactors, instructors, and 
graduates of the college looked down upon 
tlie happy throng, and from the brazen tab- 
lets round about gleamed forth the long roll 
of the names of its sons, who twenty-five 
3'ears ago faced the iron hail to save the 
nation's life. There were many distinguished 
people in the gathering, and many pleasant 
congratulations given and received. Ice- 
cream and cake were served during the even- 
ing, and amid the merry greetings and bits of 
conversation the moments flew rapidly by. 
Before one could be aware of it, the hour for 
departure had arrived, and as the way home- 
ward was taken, all testified to the pleasure 
experienced and to the successful termination 
of the college year. 

Class Reunions. 
The class leunions have been quite ni;- 
merous this year. Brief accounts are here 
given of all that have come to our notice. 

Class of '41. 
The class of '41 met on the evening of 
June 24th, with George A. Thomas, Esq., at 



114 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



his residence in Portland, and had a most 
pleasant reunion. There were thirty-six 
graduates in the class, sixteen of whom are 
now living. Plates were set at the banquet 
table for eight, Edward H. Thomas, of the 
class of '31, being the honored guest of the 
class graduating ten years later. Hon. 
George F. Emery, of the class of '39, and 
Samuel Trask, of the class of '42, were also 
guests. The table looked very beautiful. At 
each plate was a wax candle of various colors, 
in silver candlesticks upwards of 100 years 
old. In the center of the table was the class 
cake, with 1841-1891 moulded in the frost 
work, the base being entwined by a wreath 
of the good old green box. Ferns were 
gracefully trailed about and there was taste- 
ful arrangement of fragrant red roses. Beside 
each plate was a pretty card artistically hand- 
decorated by a member of the family. The 
names were: Frederick Robie, Gorham; 
William B. Dean, Bangor; Joseph Garland, 
Fryeburg; Charles D. Herbert, Hebron, N. 
Y.; Henry T. Cummings, M.D., Portland; 
George A. Thomas, Portland; Rev. Benja- 
min F. Parsons, Derry, N. H. ; Edward H. 
Thomas, Portland. While the class were at 
table there were charming strains from the 
music room from the zither, under the skilled 
manipulation of Madame Zimmerman, with 
guitar accompaniment by another lady. 

Later there was a meeting at which let- 
ters were read from George W. Brown, Esq., 
St. Louis, Mis.; Charles Davis, Esq., Bangor; 
Edward Howe, Jr., New York; Henry In- 
galls, Esq., Wiscasset ; William H. Lowell, 
Virginia City, Nevada; Rev. George P. 
Magoun, Grinell, Iowa; Barrett E. Potter, 
Esq., Augusta; and Rev. Richard B. Thurs- 
ton, Round Hill, Conn. Ex-Governor Robie 
presented a paper concerning the history of 
the class. The happy occasion closed with 
more music and singing of "Auld Lang Syne." 



Class of '44. 
The class of '44 had their annual reunion 
and dinner at the Falmouth Hotel, Portland, 
Friday afternoon, June 26th. Only five 
members were present: Gen. S. J. Anderson, 
Hon. J. S. Palmer, Gen. H. G. Herrick, 
Charles W. Larrabee, Esq., and Rev. Dr. 
George M. Adams. Of the forty-nine mem- 
bers of this class at time of graduation, 
twenty are now living. 

Class of '56. 

The class of '56 was entertained in Port- 
land on June 24th, by Mr. Prentiss Loring. 
The following members of the class were 
present : Rev. Rowland B. Howard, Boston ; 
James C. Strout, '57, Washington, D. C. ; 
S. H. Hathawaj', Islington ; Rev. Henry 
Farrar, Gilead ; Rev. Thomas S. Robie, 
Truro, Mass. ; Dr. George A. Wheeler^ 
Castine; Prentiss Loring, Portland; Judge 
Enos T. Luce, Waltham ; Thomas Leavitt, 
Exeter; Hon. G. C. Yeaton, South Berwick; 
Prof. J. Y. Stanton, Lewiston; Rev. Edwin 
P. Parker, Hartford, Conn. ; W. L. Melcher, 
Laconia, N. H.; Rev. Edwin B. Palmer, 
Winchester, Mass.; Galen C. Moses, Bath. 

In the morning the class were driven out 
in Fairfield's barge to Mr. Loring's handsome 
residence on the Cape Shore. On arrival 
there a lunch was served and the gentlemen 
were shown about the fine grounds. At 2 
o'clock in the afternoon the party returned 
and dined at the Preble House. 

Class of '61. 
The class of '61 celebrated its thirtieth 
anniversary on Wednesday evening, June 24, 
by a banquet at the Falmouth Hotel, Port- 
land. There are thirty-five survivors of the 
class, of whom twenty-four were present at 
the banquet, as follows: J. B. Cochrane^ 
M.D., Dover, Me.; Frank L. Dingley, 
Auburn, Me.; W. Winslow Eaton, M.D., 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



115 



Danvers, Mass.; Edwin Emery, New Bed- 
ford, Mass.; Hon. L. A. Emery, Ellsworth, 
Me.; Benjamin S. Grant, Boston, Mass.; 
Judge G. M. Hicks, Rockland, Me. ; Charles 
O. Hunt, M.D., Maine General Hospital, 
Portland, Me.; Gen. Thomas W. Hyde, 
Bath, Me. ; George B. Kenniston, Boothbay 
Harbor, Me.; Hon. E. P. Loring, Boston, 
Mass.; A. N. Lufkin, East Orrington, Me.; 
Gen. S. H. Manning, Wilmington, N. C. ; 
Hon. F. M. Ray, Portland, Me. ; R. A. Ride- 
out, Everett, Mass. ; Judge C. B. Rounds, 
Calais, Me. ; Edward Simonton, St. Paul, 
Minn. ; Rev. Edwin Smith, Bedford, Mass. ; 
H. S. B. Smith, M.D., Middleboro, Mass. ; 
Edward Stanwood, Brookline, Mass.; Prof. 
George E. Stubb, M.D., Philadelphia, Pa.; 
G. M. Thurlovv, Boston, Mass. 

After the banquet, four hours were 
devoted to a revival of the college days of 
1857-61. Hon. E. P. Loring, of Boston, pre- 
sided and kept " the boys " in a roar with his 
well-put reminiscences of the days at old 
Bowdoin. 

Class of '66. 

The twenty-fifth anniversary of the class 
of '66 was celebi-ated June 26th, by a dinner 
at the residence of Dr. Charles E. Webster, 
of Portland. Among those present were 
Professor Beardsley, of Swarthmore College, 
Pennsylvania ; Charles A. Boardman, of New 
York; Sylvester B. Carter, of Newburyport, 
Mass. ; Prof. Henry L. Chapman, of Bow- 
doin College ; Dr. Frederic Henry Gerrish, 
of Portland; David N. Bradstreet; Benjamin 
H. Davis, of Foxcroft; Charles K. Hinkley, 
of Gorham ; Hiram B. Lawrence, of Holyoke, 
Mass.; Russell D. Woodman, of Portland. 

We are unable to give the particulars 
concerning this reunion. 

Class of '76. 
The class of '76 held its reunion at the 
Falmouth Hotel, Portland, June 24th. It 
was represented by the following named gen- 



tlemen, they being about one-third of the sur- 
viving members of the class: A. Sanford, 
E. H. Kimball, J. E. Sewall, D. W. Brook- 
house, A. E. Rogers, W. H. G. Rowe, A. J. 
Parker, F. M. Stinson, T. Atwood, H. E. 
Hall, B. Wilson, F. R. Kimball, J. M. Hill, 
C. Sargent, J. A. Morrill, W. A. Robinson, H. 
Sturgiss, W. G. Waitt, C. S. Taylor, F. V. 
Wright. The reunion was an informal occa- 
sion, the dinner which was served at 6.30 
o'clock being its chief feature as far as is 
known. 

Classes of '81 and '86. 
The class of '81 held their reunion and 
supper at the Falmouth Hotel, Portland, 
Thursday evening, June 25th. The follow- 
ing named members were present: Charles 
Haggerty, Southbridge, Mass. ; J. O. P. 
Wheelwright, Minneapolis, Minn.; F. H. 
Little, Portland; F. A. Fisher, Lowell, Mass. ; 
J. W. Manson, Pittsfield; James Donovan, 
Great Falls, Montana ; J. W. Nichols, M.D., 
Farmington ; A. D. Gray, Philadelphia ; W. 
M. Brown, Bangor; Alfred Hitchcock, M.D., 
Farmington ; J. E. Walker, M.D., Thomaston ; 
R. H. Greene, M.D., New York; O. M. 
Shaw, Boston ; F. B. Merrill, Madison ; F. 
E. Smith, Boston ; H. S. Payson, Portland. 
We understand there was a reunion of the 
class of '86, but have no definite information 
concerning it. We are unable to speak of 
the reunions of these classes as we wish. 

Class of '88. 
The class of '88 held its reunion at the 
Tontine Hotel, Brunswick, Friday evening, 
June 26th. A large number of the class 
were present and all reported an exceedingly 
enjoyable gathering. 

Examinations for Admission. 
On Fridaj', the regular examinations for 
admission occurred, some eight or ten candi- 
dates presenting themselves for the test. 
The total number taking the examinations at 



116 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



various places thus far is less than that of 
last year, but there is a probability that 
fewer have failed to pass, so that we shall 
look for a good-sized Freshman class when 
the college opens in September. The recent 
action taken by the trustees with reference 
to fitting schools, is a step in the right direc- 
tion. What the college needs is three or 
four first-class fitting schools, which can be 
relied upon to furnish the nucleus of each 
year's class. There would then be less 
uncertainty in this respect and a strong prob- 
ability that we should get more men. 



The Song of the Oil Can. 

In a dark and dusty closet, 

Hidden from the beams of day, 
'Midst debris and dirt disgusting 

Ever I'm constrained to stay. 
But when darliuess is approaching, 

When day's beams have fled away, 
Then to mankind I am useful. 

My part then comes into play. 

Now my song is one full mournful. 

For, unlike humanity. 
When I 'm full I 'm much sought after. 

Then I 'm pleasant company. 
Sometimes, getting rash, my owner 

To the grocer's carries me ; 
Brings me back with gladness, thinking 

He '11 have light enough to see. 

But his treacherous companions. 

Plotting dreadful theft and deep. 
When he 's gone come hastening to me, 

All his labor's profits reap, 
Rush with me to their apartments 

For their lamps my vitals keep ; 
Empty they return and leave me 

In my wonted debris heap. 

Now my song is one full mournful ; 

Maledictions I must hear 
On the heads of my abductors, 

Rather grating on one's ear. 
My song 's mournful, for 't is sadness 

Still to feel that when I 'm near 
I shall cause strifes, wranglings, quarrels. 

And hard feeling, to appear. 



Waiting for Katie. 

I 'm waiting, Katie dear, for you, 

Here where the soft winds blow, 
Beneath the apple-blossom'd trees 

Where nodding daisies grow. 
The birds are singing sweet love songs; 

Each calleth to his mate. 
At eventide I wait for thee. 

My love, ray bonny Kate. 

Amid the waving fields of grain 

I see the path you come. 
And, just beyond the pine-clad hill, 

Your moss-thatched cottage home. 
My eager heart beats longingly 

To hear the garden gate. 
For then I know I'll see thee soon ; 

My love, my bonny Kate. 

In merry song, thy welcome voice 

Comes stealing o'er the lea ; 
And now your hands are clasped in mine, 

And I am close to thee. 
We '11 stroll together through the fields, 

For joyous is my fate ; 
'T is that I know thou art my own, 

My love, my bonny Kate. 




f'^^ 



J. B. Pendleton, '90, 
spent a few days last week 
at the college. 

A number of the students enjoyed a 
very pleasant ride to Simpson's Point 
last week. 

Durgin, '92, entertained a number of his friends 
last week by a card party given at his room in North 
Appleton. 

Various men have been made happy during the 
past two weeks. Perhaps the happiest are those 
to whom prizes have fallen. They are as follows: 
Smythe Mathematical, Ohapin ; Sewall Greek and 
Sewall Latin, Haggett; Junior German, Fobes ; 
Freshman French, Simpson. 

After a most successful year, Mr. G. T. Files has 
obtained a leave of absence for two years from the 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



117 



college, and will busy himself during that time with 
study in Germany. Mr. Files has made himself 
deservedly popular at the college, and it is with great 
satisfaction that it is learned that he is to return and 
fill the chair of the German language and literature. 

Bowdoin's graduating class will have at least two 
men in Europe next summer. Packard and Bangs 
intend to cross the water and imbibe in the quaint 
Dutch customs. The latter intends to study law 
during his stay in Germany. 

A very fine portrait of William Pitt Fessenden 
has been presented to Bowdoin by Mr. Hartley C. 
Baxter and Charles S. F. Lincoln. The portrait has 
been placed in Memorial Hall on the pilaster next to 
that of President Pierce and Nathaniel Hawthorne. 

The '93 B'urjle editors have been elected and are 
as follows: Alpha Delta Phi, E. T. Ridley; Delta 
Kappa Epsilon, M. S. Clifford; Zeta Psi, W. P. 
Chamberlain ; Psi Upsilon, C. W. Peabody ; Theta 
Delta Chi, B. F. Barker ; non-secret society, G. W. 
Shay. M. S. Clifford was elected managing editor, 
andG. W. Shay business editor. 

Several changes have been made in the memorial 
tablets in Memorial Hall. The slabs have been 
i-efinished and their appearance is much finer than 
before. All were sent to New York, where one or 
two slight errors were corrected and two names 
added. The names added were Rev. Edward 
N. Pomroy, class of '56, lieutenant of the 81st United 
States Colored Troops, and James F. Chane}', class 
of '71, who served in the 4th Maine Battery. 

Bowdoin will have quite a colony at Harvard 
next fall from the class of '91. The following intend 
to enter the various departments of that institution : 
Burleigh, Burr, F. Drew, Dyer, Goding, J. M. 
Hastings, E. Hilton, W. M. Hilton, Ridlon, Scales, 
Tukey, Wright. Chapman intends to enter the 
School of Journalism at Columbia, while Smith will 
probably cast his lot at Johns Hopkins. Lincoln 
intends to study medicine at Louisville, Ky., and 
Mahoney will devote himself to dentistry at New 
York. 

We print the programme of the minstrel show, 
omitted in the last issue : The Bowdoin Minstrels, 
under the direction of Mr. Elliot C. Mitchell, of 
Portland, Thursday evening, June 4, 1891 : 

Interlocutor. — J. H. Pierce. 

Bones.— M. S. Clifford, R. H. Hunt, T. H. Gately. 
Tambos. — J. M. Hastings, Joel Bean, Jr., F. P. 
Whitney. 

Chorus. — A. T. Brown, H. S. Chapman, G, C. Malioney, 



H. E. Gurney, E. W. Mann, C. S. Eich, J. S. May, F. W. 
Dana, J. H. Murphy, L. A. Burleigh, C. S. F. Lincoln, 
F. M. Tukey, T. S. Lazell, C. M. Peunell, B. B. Young, 
E. H. Butler, A. J. Lord, T. J. Ward. 

Committee.— J. M. Hastings, T. S. Lazell, H. S. Chap- 
man, F. P. Whitney, F. W. Dana. 



Pakt I. 
Selection. Prof. 

Overture and Opening Chorus. 
" Out on the Deep." 
"White Wings" (New Pair). 
" Sleep Well, Sweet Angel." 
" Yodling Solo." 
" In Absence." 
" A High Old Time." 
" Love's Golden Dream." 



Grimmer's Orchestra. 

Bowdoin Minstrels. 

F. W. Dana. 

J. M. Hastings. 

J. H. Murphy. 

T. H. Gatley. 

Quartette. 

M. S. Clifford. 

T. S. Lazell. 



The Bowdoin Swells. — Part II. 
Tumbling. Hilton and Hubbard, Butler and Lord. 

Banjo Solo. C. S. Eich. 

Clog Dancing. Whitney and Pierce. 

To conclude with tlie Fall Meet of the B. A. Association. 



/fthleties. 



BASE-BALL. 

Colby, 12; Bowdoin, 11. 

The most exciting championship game of the 
season was played at Waterville, Wednesday, June 
10th. Plaisted started in to pitch for Bowdoin, but 
was hit hard and often and in the fifth retired in favor 
of Hilton, who pitched the game out. Whitman 
again occupied the box for Colby and was hit hard, 
Bowdoin making sixteen hits. 

In the first four innings Colby scored nine runs on 
free hitting, aided by one or two errors, while only 
two Bowdoin men crossed the plate. Colby did not 
score again until the eighth, which yielded her two 
runs, while Bowdoin scored one in the seventh and 
five in the eighth. Bowdoin came to the bat in the 
ninth, with three runs needed to tie, and by hard 
batting secured them. The tenth inning passed with- 
out either side scoring, but in the eleventh, Colby 
made a run. Bowdoin in her half, batted hard, but 
unluckily, and the game was lost, 12 to 11. 

The feature of the game was the terrific batting 
of Hilton, who made four hits with a total of eight. 
Fish, Savage, Parsons, and Bonney also did good 
work at the bat. In the field Packard accepted eight 
chances at second without an error, and the outfield 
caught several difiicult flies. The score : 



118 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



COLBY. 



Parsons, c, 
Kalloch, r.f., 
Foster, l.f., 
Bonuey, lb., 
Lombard, c.f., 
Hoxie, 2b., 
Whitman, p., 
Latlip, 3b., 
Hall, S.S., . 



A.E. 

. 6 
5 

, 7 
, 5 

5 
. 3 
, 5 
, 4 

5 



T.B S.H. P.O. 



1 
1 

5 
14 
2 
6 

4 




Totals, 



Packard, 2b., . 
Hilton, I.I., p., 
Tukey, c.f,, . 
Downes, lb., . 
Allen, 3b., . . 
Fish, c, . . . 
Hutchinson, s.s 
Savage, r.f., 
Plaisted, p.. 
Chapman, l.f.. 



45 12 13 19 



33 20 10 



BOWDOIN. 



B. T.B S.H. P.O. A. E. 



Totals, 

Innings, 
Colbys, . . 
Bowdoins, 



50 11 16 



33 22 



123456789 10 11 
1422000200 1—12 
0200001530 0—11 



Earned runs— Colby, 3; Bowdoin, 5. Two-base hits— 
ParsonSj Foster, Bonney, Packard, Hilton (2), Allen. 
Three-base hits— Parsons, Hilton. Stolen Bases— Parsons 
(3), Hoxie, Latlip, Packard (2), Hilton (5), Tukey (2), Fish, 
Hutchinson. First base on balls— Colby, 6; BoWdoin, 7. 
Passed balls— Fish, Parsons. Wild pitch— Whitman. 
Hit by pitched ball— Parsons, Kalloch (2), Whitman, 
Latlip. Time— 3 hours. Umpire — Pusher. 

The Bovvdoin-Colby League game, protested by 
Bowdoin on the ground that Colby had no right to 
put in one of their uniformed substitutes as umpire, 
was referred to Mr. Young of the National League 
for decision, and he at once telegraphed that it must 
be played over. Colby, however, refused to abide 
by his decision, and claimed that the seventh and 
decisive game should be played at Lewiston, Satur- 
day, June 13th. Bowdoin naturally refused to do so 
until the protested game was played over, and so 
awaited the Colby team at Brunswick. Thus no 
game was played, and as Colby will not recede from 
the position she has taken, the pennant will this 
year be given to neither. The greatest praise is due 
each and every member of the nine for the good 
work done in both the practice and league games. 
Both old and new men have done well at the bat and 
in the field, and though the loss of Packard, Hilton, 
Fish, and Tukey will be greatly felt, the prospects 



for a good team next spring are excellent. While 
this year we have not won the pennant, we have the 
satisfaction of feeling that we have made the best 
showing for several years, and that had Colby not 
gone back on her agreement, the pennant would now 
be ours. 



'. ©. /f . 



The members of the Y. M. C. A. have succeeded 
in raising the sum of one hundred dollars for city 
mission work. Owing to some unforeseen circum- 
stances, it has been impossible to secure a representa- 
tive in that work from Bowdoin, this summer. In 
consequence, the money now raised will be kept 
until next year, when it is hoped that Bowdoin will 
have two men in the work. 

Bowdoin is to be represented at the Northfield 
Summer School for Christian Workers by three dele- 
gates, Mr. L. K. hee and Mr. Harry Kimball of the 
class of '92, and Mr. George Machan of '93. The 
school opens Saturday, June 27th, and closes 
Wednesday, July .sth. The principal speakers will be 
Rev. John Smith, of Edinburgh, Scotland ; Prof. W. 
W. Moore, of Union Theological Seminary, Virginia, 
one of the most scholarly and eloquent men of the 
South; Prof. W. G. Moorehead, D.D., of Xenia, O. ; 
Prof. William R. Harper, lately elected to the presi- 
dency of the new university at Chicago ; Prof. R. E. 
Thompson, of the University of Pennsylvania; Prof. 
D. B. Towner, and D. L. Moody. 




'20.— Rev. Thomas Treadwell Stone, 
D.D., the oldest living graduate of Bowdoin 
College (class of 1820), is now in his 
ninety-first year, and on a recent Sunday 

preached, without notes and with much power, 

in the Unitarian church at Bolton, Mass., where he 

was formerly settled. 

'25. — Hon. James W. Bradbury, of Augusta, 

Wednesday, 10th, reached his eighty-sixth birthday. 

He was born in Parsonfield, June 10, 1805, and was 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



119 



graduated from Bowdoin College in the class of 
1825. Mr. Bradbury retains his mental and physical 
powers to a remarkable degree, and all his friends 
will congratulate him that his health and strength 
have been so long preserved. 

'37. — The following, taken from the London 
correspondence of the New York Tribune, shows the 
great esteem in which one of Bowdoin's graduates 
is held in England, and, in fact, in all Europe as 
well as in America: "There are many persons in 
this country, both English and Americans, who were 
grieved to hear of Dr. Fordyce Barker's death. One 
of the two chief organs of his own profession, the 
British Medical Journal says of him: 'The an- 
nouncement of the death of Dr. Fordyce Barker will 
have caused widespread and keen regret. To say 
that America has lost one of her most illustrious 
physicians and distinguished citizens is to express 
but very imperfectly the extent of the calamity. 
His position as a man honored and beloved in 
England and throughout Europe was altogether ex- 
ceptional. For many years he was a regular visitor 
to our shores. At the annual meetings of our associa- 
tion he was often present, and always welcome. 
This feeling found cordial expression in the titular 
honors showered upon him by our societies, colleges, 
and universities. His book on "Puerperal Fever" 
charms by its style, whilst it instructs by the richness 
of its experience and the soundness of its reasoning.' 
That expresses none too strongly the feeling general 
among the professional and personal friends of 
Doctor Barker. Few Americans had more friends 
abroad. No American physician had for so long a 
period stood so high in European estimation or done 
greater honor to his own country." 

'48. — Prof. E. C. Smythe, a Brunswick boy, 
preached the sermon to the graduating class of 
Andover Theological Seminary, last Sunday, from 
U. Timothy, ii :l'j. It dealt with current theological 
questions, and is the first utterance of Professor 
Smythe of this nature for some time. Much sympathy 
was expressed for Professor Briggs, and the recent 
attack upon him in the Presbyterian assembly was 
likened to the assault upon Charles Sumner in the 
United States Senate. — Brunswick Telegraph. 

'77. — Mr. Samuel A. Melcher, superintendent of 
schools in Northbridge, Mass., and principal of the 
high school in the same town, has just been elected 
Presidentof the Worcester County (Mass.) Teachers' 
Association. 

'77. — The Boston Sunday Globe of June 7th, has 
the following concerning Lieut. R. E. Peary, who 
has just started on his exploring expedition : ' ' Lieut. 



R. E. Peary of the navy, who has gone North with 
the determination to penetrate farther into the frozen 
regions than any other man ever did, is a young man 
from Maine, only 34 or 35 years old, and a graduate 
of Bowdoin. The whim of some recent ancestor 
substituted an a for an r in his family name, but 
down in Brunswick, Portland, and Cape Elizabeth, 
he is well remembered as "Bert Perry." He loves 
the woods and hates the city, and his bent has always 
been to roam in out-of-way places, studying the 
birds and the plants there to be found." 

'84. — The New Bedford Evening Journal of 
June 13th, has a very interesting history of Tabor 
Academy, at Marion, Mass., in which Mr. Z. W. 
Kemp is assistant. The Journal says: "Z.Willis 
Kemp, Principal Howland's right-hand man, is a 
native of Otislield, Maine, where he was born April 
12, 1857. Receiving his early education in the schools 
of his native town and at Bridgton Academy, Mr. 
Kemp entered Bowdoin College, and graduated in 
1884. He was sub-master at the Bridgton Academy, 
and also taught at the high school in Norway, Me., 
for a year. Then he was engaged as principal of 
the Fairhaven High School, where he remained four 
years, leaving in September, 1889, to take up his 
present position. Mr. Kemp, in college, was a 
member of Theta Delta Chi, and is connected with 
the Odd Fellows. He is a married man, and had 
the honor of receiving the silver cup awarded by his 
college class to the first baby born to a classmate. 
He is a deacon in the Congregational church, and 
superintendent of the Sunday School." The Journal 
says further, in speaking of the principal and Mr. 
Kemp : " These two teachers are well and favorably 
known in New Bedford, as well as in Marion. 
Among the students they are deservedly poj^ular, 
for, in addition to being excellent instructors, they 
exemplify muscular Christianity in a way to command 
the admiration of the young. They are perfectly at 
home on the ball field, and are members of the nine 
which represents the academy on the diamond this 
year." 

'89. — W. M. Emery contributed to the New Bed- 
ford Evenhig Journal of May 30th, Memorial Day, 
a vei-y interesting and well-written article entitled, 
" Thoughts the Day Suggests." 



The Tree Day number of the Wellesley Prelude 
gives a very interesting account of a ceremony 
which, 1 think, is original with that college. The 
poems and songs are especially pretty and "catchy," 
and the Muse surely must have one of her favorite 
temples upon the shores of Lake Waban, 



120 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 




THE MARK OF THE ROSE. 
I opened the book before me — 

Between its leaves there lay 
A rose, all withered and dried and dead, 

Whose fragrance had passed away. 

The rose was brown and dull. 

But I saw a faint red stain, 
For the page was marked with the rose's blood 

On the spot where it long had lain. 

And now the book of my life 

Lies open before my eyes ; 
There, too, I find a treasured rose, 

And crowding fancies rise. 

And this rose may fade and die. 

And its perfume vanish away, 

But its mark on the pages of my heart 

Shall last forever and aye. 

— Yale Lit. 

The various exchanges show a seeming anxiety 
for the summer vacation to appear upon the scene. 
Numerous editorials come to hand, giving advice as 
to how the summer should be spent, and already 
several Commencement numbers, with their custom- 
ary ebatch of dry orations, have been consigned to 
the depths of the waste-basket. A few exchanges 
have, however, been of real interest, among them 
the Harvard Monlhly. To be sure its principal story 
borders on the sensational, and, towards the end 
reads like a French novel, but it makes very good 
reading on a hot afternoon when it is impossible to 
" plug," and when a little stimulus to make life 
bearable is extremely welcome. 

The Rose Technic is a new publication, but we 
welcome it heartily, for the first number is especially 
well gotten up. Twenty pages for the publication 
of a small institute is not bad. We would offer one 
suggestion only. The success of a paper depends 
largely on the interest which the student body takes 
in it by contributing to it themselves. Get the 
students to contribute willingly and success is 
assured, 



The Yale Record usually contains one or two 
good jokes in each number, while the Yale Courant 
is always sure to be "first-class," and its cover is — 
well — the prettiest and neatest that ever graces our 
table. 

But we must say adieu to all for a seaspn, for in a 
few days the college halls will be deserted iind the 
editor's chair will be vacant. 

But vacation soon passes, the long summer days 
quickly flee, summer romances will soon be but a 
remembrance, and college life will commence 
again — for many of us 'twill be the last time. 

Till then, adieu, but be sure and all call round in 
the autumn, and thus brighten the hours of college 
life. 



3)C5^Q^:tR5^y^=AHJfACTURtRtJ 




G 






EO. STACKPOLE, Proprietor, 



TONTINE HOTEL, 

BKUNSWICK, ME. 
Serve Dinners Suinlay from 1 to 3.30. 



BRADFORD, GONANT & GO., 

Furaltme, Garpets, aim Drapenes, 

199 and 201 Lisbon Street, 



LEWISTON, 



MAINE. 



We are always prepared to show in every department a LARGE 

ASSORTMENT. Terms Cash, or Installment Plan. Call 

or write for prices before placing your orders. 

WE ARK ^EADQDAETEBS, 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Vol. XXI. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, SEPTEMBER 30, 1891. 



No. 6. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 

PUBLISHED EVERY ALTERNATE WEDNESDAT DURING 
THE COLLEGIATE TEAR BY THE STUDENTS OF 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE. 

EDITORIAL BOARD, 

E. A. PuGSLEY, '92, Managing Editor. 
J. C. Hull, '92, Assistant Managing Editor. 

H. C. Faeyan, '93, Business Manager. 
F. V. GuMMER, '92. M. S. Clifford, '93. 

J. B. F. HoDGDON, '92. C. W. Peabody, '93. 

H. 'W. Kimball, '92. H. E. Andrews, '91. 

P. W. .PiCKARD, '94. 

Per annum, in advance $2.00. 

Single Copies, 15 Cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Editor. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanieil by winter's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Rhyme and Reason Department should be 
sent to Box 951, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal notes should be sent to Box 950, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post-Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 
CONTENTS. 

Vol. XXI., No. 6.— September 30, 1891. 

Editorial Notes, 121 

Miscellaneous : 

Fire Escapes, 124 

A Suggestion, 124 

Parlez-vous Fran9ais ? 125 

Northfield, 125 

'Ninety-four Horn Concert, 127 

Rhyme and Reason : 

A Tale of Love 127 

A Sonnet 127 

Fish Stories 127 

The Coming Back to Bowdoin 127 

Collegii Tabula, 128 

Athletics 129 

Y. M. C. A 130 

Personal, 131 

In Memoriam, 134 

College "World, 134 




ytM^ 



B^ 



It is with a feeling of pleasure mingled 
with that of duty that, after the rest of 
-the long summer vacation, we again resume 
our editorial work. The Orient is glad to 
greet all of its old acquaintances and extends 
a most cordial welcome to its newly-made 
friends as we trust — the class of '95. It 
is indeed gratifying to see so many cross- 
ing the threshold of old Bowdoin at this 
time ; and especially so, since at the last 
Commencement we lost one of the larg- 
est classes the college has ever seen. Al- 
though the familiar faces of '91 are no longer 
seen among us, and though for a time we 
shall sorely miss our friends of that class, 
yet we are glad to think that the loss, numer- 
ically at least, will be made good by the 
present Freshman class. 

Now a word of advice to the members of '95 ; 
for we who have been here three years can 
look back upon our college course, and, seeing 
wherein we have failed, can tell others of the 
chances which we ourselves might have had. 
First of all, remember that you are here for an 
education, but do not think for a moment that 
this is to be found in your studies alone. 
The college affords you the use of one of the 
best libraries in the country, and probably 
many of you in aftei'-life will not have access 
to one half as good. Others have gone forth 



122 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



from these halls and regretted in vain the 
little time which they had spent in reading 
while in college. Profit by their experience. 
Begin right away to form an acquaintance- 
ship with the various departments of our 
library, and if continued for the next few 
3'^ears you will have done much towards gain- 
ing a most liberal education. This is advice 
•in but one direction, but we can not help 
considering it as the most important to be 
given ; and we think that manj' of the upper 
classes might take it to heart and profit by it. 



TT IS strange how much time and anxious 
■^ thought certain members of every class 
will spend in trying to trump up some ex- 
cuse for " cutting " recitations. This is « 
especially noticeable at the beginning of 
the fall term, and is then less to be wondered 
at, since there are so many events taking 
place which tend to divert the mind from 
study. Nevertheless, much of the "cutting" 
which is done at this time and throughout 
the whole college year is entirely unnecessary 
and an injustice to student and professor 
alike. It is an injustice to the student because 
it deprives him of an opportunity for gaining 
information — the end and aim of college life. 
It is an injustice to the professor, inasmuch 
as he goes to the recitation room prepared 
and expecting to meet his class, only to learn, 
after ten or fifteen minutes of tedious waiting, 
that the class is not coming in. Of course there 
are times when a class " cut," if not absolutely 
necessary, is at least very expedient. Even 
on an occasion of that sort it would be no 
more than just to notify the professor, at the 
same time giving him the reason why the 
"cut" was deemed necessary. If this is 
done, and if the occasion is such as demands 
an adjournment from recitation, we think we 
can safely guarantee the professor perfectly 
willing to grant it. Such, at least, has been 
our experience. Look at college life from a 



business point of view, and then ask whether 
or no j^ou are acting wisely in refusing to 
improve every opportunity for learning. Con- 
sider an education as a commodity to be bought 
or sold. Recollect that you are paying for 
the opportunity of gaining knowledge, and 
that whether such opportunities are improved 
or allowed to slip by unnoticed the cost to you 
is yet the same. In the practical business 
world we would never tliink of paying for 
something we do not receive. Why should 
it be otherwise here in college ? 



WHAT is known to Bowdoin students as 
the Sophomoric Horn Concert appears to 
be speedily degenerating into a series of free 
fights between the Sophomores and some of 
the upperclassmen. If these so-called con- 
certs are to continue for the next few years 
with the same increase of roughness which 
has marked the past three or four, it would 
be better that the custom be given up en- 
tirely than that any one of the participants 
or onlookers should suffer serious injury, 
as came very near being the case at the last 
revival of the custom. Such scenes as oc- 
curred at that time were not at all in accord 
with that spirit of harmony which ought 
to exist between the different classes of the 
same college. The present Sophomore class 
have suffered disgrace in allowing themselves 
to become so exasperated as to resort to the 
use of clubs. The only way to avoid a simi- 
lar recurrence in the future is for the next 
Sophomore class to refrain from carrying 
clubs or bludgeons when they participate in 
the next annual horn concert. A man in the 
heat of passion is not always able to restrain 
himself, as was exemplified a short time since. 
While nothing very serious resulted from 
this occasion, the class of '94 is to be held 
responsible for whatever injury was inflicted, 
for they themselves furnished the very weap- 
ons by means of which one or two suffered 
temporary pain. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



123 



IN THESE days when physical development 
occupies so prominent and deserving a 
place in the higher education and training of 
men, as the year opens at the various educa- 
tional institutions throughout the country, 
one of the first questions that come up for 
consideration is that pertaining to foot-ball. 
With those colleges that have not yet entered 
into the sport, the question is: Shall they do 
so? And with those that have, the question 
is : Shall they continue to maintain an eleven? 
There can be but one answer to the question 
in either form, in any progressive college; 
foot-ball must have a place among the college 
sports. The reason for this is that it is a 
sport which is well calculated to arouse the 
perceptions, correct the judgment, exercise 
the muscles, and test the courage of a man, 
and, when properly understood and carried 
on, is the source of no more real injury than 
base-ball or rowing, and that it is, further- 
more, a sport better fitted for the autumn 
months than any other that we have. 

But how large a place it shall be allowed 
to occupy in college life is a debatable ques- 
tion, and should be determined by the time 
which can be given to it without detriment 
to the chief end of the college course, the 
chances of playing teams from other colleges, 
and, above all, by the cost which must be 
incurred to support it. It is this question of 
finance which has really inspired this article. 

At the close of the last season it is well 
remembered that the treasury of the Foot- 
Ball Association was in an unsatisfactory 
condition. Since that time, however, the 
obligations of the Association have been 
steadily decreasing, and we are now able to 
announce that the indebtedness, less the cash 
in the treasury, is about one hundred and ten 
dollars. This indebtedness should be paid 
immediately, if possible, and the Management 
are taking measures to do so. 

It is the design of the Management to put 
in a course of five illustrated lectures by Mr. 



H. H. Ragan, and the arrangements for so 
doing are now about completed. The lect- 
ures will consist of numerous and fine illus- 
trations of places of note with interesting 
explanations and accounts of the same. Mr. 
Ragan has been engaged for the Stockbridge 
course in Portland, which is a sufficient guar- 
antee of the quality of the entertainment to 
be offered. The first lecture will be free, 
and will occur on or about the 6th of October. 
Seats for the remaining four will then be put 
on sale. 

This course of lectures should be attended 
by every man in college in order that the 
attempt to put the Association on a sound basis 
may be a success. Senior, Junior, Sopho- 
more, Freshman, see to it that you are there, 
every one. Like Csesar at the battle with 
the Nervii, the Management have taken a 
shield and gone into the contest. It would 
imitate Csesar further and call upon each of 
you by name, if there were time, but there 
is not. Let each one see to it that one is 
there and it must follow that all will then be 
there. The lectures will be given in the 
Town- Hall, and the price of admission will 
be reasonable. 



n^S THE time approaches for the election of 
f*- a base-ball manager it seems fitting that 
the students should look about them and see 
who, in their judgment, appears best fitted for 
the position. Let us have a man who be- 
lieves in the efficacy of having two nines in 
practice during the ball season ; who believes 
in having more than one man ready to play 
in each of the more important positions on 
the field. And above all let us choose a man 
who knows the value of money and has a 
practical, business-like head. Why would it 
not be a good idea to call a meeting and have 
candidates nominated for the position, then, 
at a week later have the election take place. 
This would give all sufficient time to con- 
sider the merits or faults of the respective 



124 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



candidates and would, we think, be of much 
value in choosing the right man. 



WE SEND this number of the Orient 
to every member of the college whether 
hitherto subscribers or not. The Okient is 
a college publication, issued by the college, 
and in the interest of the college, and as such 
deserves tlie support of every Bowdoin 
graduate and undergraduate. Besides, it is 
the only accessible channel through which 
the views of one may be communicated to 
the rest of the college. If at any time one 
has suggestions to offer in regard to the va- 
rious affairs of college interest, the Orient 
can always be relied upon to present all such 
suggestions to the notice of its readers in an 
impartial manner. Unless notified to the 
contrary we shall continue to send the paper 
to all who receive this number ; and we 
sincerely hope that there will be very few 
such notifications. 



i§©eIla!peoa§. 



Fire Escapes. 
TITHE college authorities are, as is well 
-*■ known, continually striving to act for 
the best interest of the students, collectively 
and individually, and needed improvements 
are constantly being made on the campus and 
in the various buildings. Yet, are these same 
authorities aware that, in neglecting one of 
the most important of needed improvements, 
they are violating one of the most stringent 
laws of civilization, in endangering human 
lives? We have on the campus three dormi. 
tories, four-story buildings, with eight rooms 
on each floor, and on no one of these do we 
find the slightest sign of a fire escape. These 
buildings are so constructed that no one 
rooming in them has more than one door 
through which he may leave tlie building. 



During the cold weather in winter there are, 
in each dormitory, no less than thirty stoves 
all running fires and two or three lamps find 
places in each room. Such are the various 
circumstances that even a slight accident to 
stove or lamp may mean the burning of a 
building. Then without any method of es- 
cape from the fire, what are our lives worth ? 
The absence of fire escapes is an injustice to 
the occupants of the buildings and to their 
relatives and friends, an injustice for which 
the college authorities are to be blamed. We 
are also doing ourselves an injustice bj' con- 
senting to remain occupants of a building 
into which at any time we may go never to 
come out again except as ashes. 

Probably, and we sincerely hope such is 
the case, this negligence is but an oversight 
on the part of those wlio should attend to 
such matters. If so, there is hope that after 
this geutle reminder we may soon be able to 
seek our rest at night feeling safe in the fact 
that our building is well equipped with some 
mode of exit in case we should, during our 
hours of sleep and quiet, be awakened by 
that most blood-curdling yell, "Fire!" and 
find ourselves dangerously near cremation. 



A Suggestion. 
'Q'LTHOUGH a large majority of college 
1^ graduates engage in teaching for more or 
less time immediately after graduation, few, 
if any, have much knowledge of the science 
of teaching and are obliged to learn wisdom 
by an experience gained at their first pupils' 
loss. 

While this must always in a measure be 
true, much might be done by the colleges to 
turn out men better fitted for teaching. In 
the large universities chairs of pedagogy 
might be established, and in the smaller col- 
leges the same result could be accomplished 
by a course of lectures on the science and 
most approved methods of teaching. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



125 



For instance here at Bowdoin during the 
winter term on one evening of each week 
each member of the Faculty might in turn 
give a lecture on the value, importance, and 
above all, the best and latest methods of teach- 
ing his special department. In this way the 
methods of teaching all the main subjects 
that are studied in high schools and acade- 
mies would be taken up in turn and illus- 
trated, and under improved teaching the 
whole tone of the high schools would be 
raised. 

These lectures would be of unquestionable 
advantage to all the students, especially the 
class for which they were designed, and would 
show that Bowdoin was in the foremost ranks 
in educational matters. 



Pariez-vous Frangais ? 

IT IS the custom at certain boarding-schools 
and seminaries to set apart one meal of 
the day at which French or German is spoken 
exclusively. Private families go still farther 
and, besides discarding their mother-tongue 
at one or all of their meals, are attended by 
servants whose native speech is that in which 
their employers wish to become proficient. 

Our opportunities at Bowdoin for conver- 
sational French or German ai-e necessarilj' 
limited. Why would it not be a good plan 
for the students to take the matter into their 
own hands and speak French at breakfast, 
dinner", or supper at their respective boarding- 
clubs? Considerable inconvenience would 
necessarily arise in the beginning, but this 
would soon wear away as more and more 
proficiency was acquired. Much healthy 
merriment could not fail to accompany the 
practice, and we doubt if any person's diges- 
tive apparatus would be impaired if an 
English-French lexicon did hold sway for a 
short time at first. There are few fellows 
who would not readily learn a few foreign 
words and phrases each day rather than go 



hungry. There are some who could more 
easily remember the most involved sentences 
and constructions than keep silent for any 
length of time. We would like to see the 
experiment tried at the clubs. 



'F>AH! 'rah! 'r 
■'' \ Amherst ! 'V 



Northfield. 

rah ! Yale ! 'rah ! 'rah ! 'rah I 
Wesley an ! Williams ! — these 
were the shouts that greeted us as we stepped 
into the crowd of college students at Miller's 
Falls, and soon over fifty of ns were ascend- 
ing the beautiful valley of the Connecticut. 
As we wound along the bank of the river, 
some one shouted, " There's Northfield ! " and 
we saw on the pine-clad hills of the opposite 
shore, the graceful turrets and quaintly 
mosaic walls of Northfield Seminary rising 
above the tree tops. Soon we were seated in 
the large dining-room of Marquand Hall, at a 
dinner rich with the pure food of the neigh- 
boring farms. 

With such a pleasing introduction we 
entered upon our twelve days' stay. Much 
has been written about Northfield, about the 
inspiration leceived, about the men one 
comes in contact with, about the uplift of 
soul and spirit imparted. 

This is all true, but the soul-impressions 
received cannot be expressed in words. All 
that one can tell is there, and infinitely more. 

Last summer over 380 students, represent- 
ing 78 diiferent colleges, were present. North 
and South, East and West met each other. 
" Wah-hoo-wah ! wah-hoo-wah ! we are the 
boys from Virginia ! "' was the yell often 
heard in the evening after the meetings 
were over. In spite of the Exclusion Bill, 
several Chinese were there, and over twenty 
Japanese students were present. 

England and Scotland sent a delegation 
of nearly thirty, and from one hall, at least, 
the cross of England waved side by side with 
the stars and stripes. 



126 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Amid all this it was easy to become ac- 
quainted, and many pleasant friendships were 
formed. This contact with so many college 
men all eager and earnest in Christian work — 
men, leaders in their colleges, athletes, schol- 
ars, all tended to make one realize that great 
truth, " Christianity appeals to thinking men." 

The different college yells were heard 
night after night from the various halls and 
tents. Bowdoin was not to be outdone, so 
we three from Bowdoin, reinforced by a Colby 
man, got under our window in the evening 
darkness and gave our yell, " 'Rah, 'rah, 'rah ! 
'Rah, 'rah, 'rah ! Bowdoin, Bowdoin, 'rah, 'rah, 
'rah ! " Several told us that we must have a 
large delegation present from the noise we 
made, and when informed that three consti- 
tuted our all — the Colby man we left out of 
account — were very much astonished. 

Fourth of July there was a very fine 
Field-Day, first place being closelj^ contested 
by Amherst and Yale. Williams, champion 
hurdle racer of the world, gave a fine exhibi- 
tion of running, as did Ewing, the college 
athlete of Amherst. In the evening the col- 
lege men shouted and sang, the large hall 
being finely decorated by the young ladies of 
the village. 

Perhaps one of the greatest benefits that 
one gains at Northfield is direct contact with 
the personality of a man like Moody. In- 
formal, bluff, almost rough at times, his spirit, 
the spirit of a true, earnest, jolly Christian is 
contagious. Bubbling over with fun and 
jokes, his earnestness and sincerity influences 
all. 

The convention, however, was far more 
than a pleasant time; it was a place of work, 
of thought, and, above all, of prayer. There 
were about eight hours of meetings per day, 
leaving out extras, which kept one quite 
busy. And these meetings generated 
thoughts ; nothing was more common than 
to see a group of students discussing some 
address they had just heard. 



Over the fun and over the thoughts was 
a spirit of prayer. Each delegation held 
their evening prayer-meetings after the work 
of the day was ended. 

The speakers were men thorough!}' in 
touch with college life, and knew how to 
impart that which would be of especial value 
to students. Men like Mott, Speer, and 
White, who are tliemselves college men, were 
especially interesting as understanding them- 
sglves the needs and aims of college associa- 
tions. Not the least important were the 
missionary meetings on Round Top. These 
were held in the open air just after supper. 
The strength and growth of the movement 
cannot be better emphasized than by saying 
that nearly half the students at Northfield 
were pledged foreign missionaries. 

One thing especially impressed one as he 
listened to the addresses and speeches. The 
thoughts were not new, we knew them nearly 
all, but the form in which they were put, the 
language which was used, completely trans- 
formed them, thrilling them with newness 
and impressiveness. 

One returns from this gathering with a 
deep sense of the true inwardness of Chris- 
tian life, of its possibilities for noble living, for 
pleasure, for friends, for revealing and open- 
ing up all the depths and heights of one's 
best and noblest nature. It is the best way 
one can spend twelve days of his summer. 
It is a whole year of common living. 

Let ns hope and work that Bowdoin 
next year may be represented by twenty or 
thirty men, and then we will not have to call 
on Colby for help when we wish to shout for 
" old Bowdoin " our beloved Alma Mater. 



D. C. Heath & Co. have sent us a little pamphlet 
which will be of especial value to those of the Senior 
class who have elected Political Science. It is a 
comparative view of the governments of England, 
France, Germany, and the United States. It is in- 
tended to aid the student of Wilson's State, and 
makes a splendid hand-book in connection with it. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



127 



'Ninety-Four Horn Concert. 
TN ACCORDANCE with the observance 
■*• of time-honored custom came '94's Horn 
Concert, Thursday night. After considerable 
delay, occasioned by taking action in regard 
to an extenHed class " cut," and the proper 
disposal of any unlucky Freshman who 
should be found out of his bed, the solid 
phalanx of musicians proceeded to go the 
rounds. 

A large and demonstrative audience was 
present, and from the first the Sophomores 
were recipients of many tokens of apprecia- 
tion. They may have expected an occasional 
spray of water, and in this they were by no 
means disappointed. Perhaps, as thev ad- 
vanced, they did not seriously object to a few 
bags of molasses. At any rate they came; 
but it is safe to say that they were not pre- 
pared to withstand the pressure of the 
Pejepscot Water Company, which was brougiit 
to bear upon them as they passed in front of 
the chapel. A general stampede resulted, 
but not before every member of the band 
was thoroughly drenched. Several attempts 
at reorganization were made, but were ren- 
dered futile by the exasperating long reach 
of that jet of water. The ardor of '94 was 
cooled ; their horn concert was not a success ; 
and the members of '95, standing promiscu- 
ously about the campus, looked on unmolested. 



A Tale of Love. 

There was a young man of Ky., 
Who in love was very unly; 

His sweetheart went off, 

Exceedingly wroth, 
And left her former dear dy. 

When he found she had gone to Nev., 
And his eyes could no longer reg., 

His frantic endeavor 

To forget her forever 
Made him love her only the har. 



A Sonnet. 

listless Muse awake ! what poison draught 
Or witches' potion, brewed amid the source 
Of mountain mist, with soft but deadly force 
Has numbed thy seuse and robbed thee of thy craft ? 
What though the springs are dry where once thou 

quaffed ; 
Not every stream has withered in its course, 
But calmer glides, with murmurs not so hoarse. 
Though summer wiuds their blasting breath may 

waft 
O'er dusty plains and stubble meadows sere, 
Far in yon valley's heart a fountain lies, 
Whose crystal depths the summer sun defies. 
Awake ! Muse, awake ! though earth be drear, 
Awake I for truth and love are ever near, — 
Deep in the poet's heart there seek thy prize. 



Fish Stories. 

From out the realms of Neolithic Man, 
Where sports the Eskimo and Polar bear, 
The traveler home returning to his clan 
Tells yarns that oft a fishy aspect wear ; 
While on the Campus see the gilded youth 
Who leads the guileless Freshman by the hand^ 
And deigns ofttimes to stretch elastic truth, 
To make his fishing stories sound more grand. 



The Coming Back to Bowdoin. 

September's sunshine interweaves 
Its mellow light among the leaves 
Which cast their shadow o'er the eaves 

Of old Maine Hall; 
While here and there boughs tipped with red 
Show finger-marks where time has sped — 
Vacation's over ; summer's dead — 

W'e're back at college. 

We're back at college ! Mystic phrase, 
Such mem'ries thou hast power to raise, 
As brighten e'en the darkest days, 

At Fancy's call. 
Then 'tis, to each one, comes the thought 
That, though an education's sought, 
Our richest treasures were not bought 

With classic knowledge. 

And so, to-day, above our work, 
That honest manhood does not shirk, 
We place the sympathies that lurk 
In friendship rare. 



128 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



The sympathies these days bequeath, 
The recollections that we wreathe 
Round Bowdoia, when, her elms beneath, 
We're back at college. 

For we are back — yes, back to feel 
The warm hand-grasp of comrades leal. 
Whose smiles of welcoming can heal 

A world of care, 
And, heart to heart, there things outweigh 
All vexing troubles of the day, 
Till I, on ray part, gladly say, 
" We're back at college." 




f%» 




Spring, '98, has left college. 
Robie, '89, visited the col- 
lege last week. 

Mahoney, '91, spent a few days at 
the college last week. 

Two of '94's men, In graham and 
Butler, will not return to college this fall. 
Merrill, '87, visited the college Sunday. 
Turner, Pendleton, Cummings, and Ridley, '90, 
made a visit to their Alma Mater last week. 

Jenks, '93, spent his summer vacation on the sur- 
veying party of the Bangor and Aroostook Railroad. 
Whitcomb, formerly a member of '93, who was 
obliged to leave college last year on account of sick- 
ness, has joined '9i's forces. 

H. T. Field, formerly of '91, who spent last year 
in the Census Department at Washington, has re- 
turned to college and will graduate with '92. 

P. Bartlett, '92, has, for the summer season, been 
Railway Mail Agent on the Y. H. & B. R. R., be- 
tween Portsmouth, N. H., and York Beach, Me. 

W. W. Thomas, Jr., '94, met with a very severe 
accident at his home in Portland, recently, but is 
now improving and expects to join his class soon. 

The lazy man seems every year to be catered to 
more and more. The latest thing done to his advan- 
tage is the printing of the schedule of studies so that 
he is not obliged to copy them. 

The department of German this year is under the 



charge of Mr. Charles M. B. Wheeler, a graduate of 
Harvard in '86. The new instructor will doubtless 
be very cordially received at Bowdoin. 

One of the queer sights at the opening of the 
term was one of the Freshmen trying to pump water 
out of a hydrant. He found the combination at last 
and has one thing less to learn in the world. 

Dr. Whittier, who with Dr. C. E. Adams, '85, made 
a tour of Europe, this summer, has returned with 
glowing accounts of athletics across the water. The 
tourists saw many tournaments and races during 
their stay abroad. 

Dora Wiley and her splendid company were at 
the Town Hall, last Thursday, and presented her 
bright new comic opera, "Vera." The presentation 
was an excellent one, and the play was thoroughly 
enjoyed by those who attended. 

During the summer vacation the arrangements 
were completed for the introduction of electric lights 
into the different dormitories. The new venture has 
been gladly received and everybody is anxious to 
see everything in running order. The men are still 
at work wiring the different "ends," and it is ex- 
pected the glare of the inoandescents will soon be 
seen in the halls. 

An innovation which has been received with 
great rejoicing is the opening of the library even- 
ings. The introduction of electric lights has made 
this plan, which has so long been agitated, feasible, 
and, on last Tuesday evening, the scheme was 
carried into execution. The handsome new tables, 
which have been so nicely arranged in the library, 
make the place look very attractive and the new 
move of the college officials is sure to prove very 
popular. Bowdoin seems to be taking rapid strides 
lately toward having every convenience which is 
needful to a college. 

The usual batch of verdancy and brashness has 
been making its appearance on the campus in install- 
ments for the past week, and those horrid, naughty 
Sophomores have been trying to make life miserable 
for the unfoi'tunates. The very first morning that the 
young innocents went into chapel they showed a 
tendency to respect old college customs by remaining 
standing during the devotional exercises. But it 
was not their fault that they did not sit down, for the 
principal reason for their standing seemed to be be- 
cause they did not wish to dabble their pantaloons in 
the molasses, which had been extensively sprinkled 
on the seats. As far as can be learned, but one 
victim carried away any of the product of the sugar 
cane on his raiment. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



129 



The President evidently intends to bring up the 
class of '95 in the way it should go. At least indica- 
tions seem to point that way. Thursday they were 
awed by a summons from the lips of President Hyde 
to appear personally before him in one of the recita- 
tion rooms. The young men were told that they 
were not to cut a recitation during the weelj, on the 
penalty of ending their college experience very 
shortly, being told that they were following no prec- 
edent in cutting. The result of the interview was 
that the new men have been the most faithful attend- 
ants on recitations ever since. The Freshmen were 
very much enraged, however, and one of the more 
diminutive moved that a committee be appointed to 
wait on the President and entreat him to allow them 
to cut, but although the spirit was there the courage 
was lacking and the President received no call. 

About ten o'clock, Thursday night, a terrible din, 
evidently caused by horns, made manifest that '94's 
horn concert had commenced, and the uppercl ass- 
men girded themselves for action. The bloody 
Sophs, marched on bravely for a short distance, but 
soon trouble commenced and their movements were 
retarded. Ever and anon some unfortunate one 
would be kidnapped from his companions, causing 
them considerable trouble to return him to the ranks. 
When they came to the west side of Appleton a sur- 
prise greeted the horn blowers in the shape of a 
good-sized stream of water from the hydrant, which 
made sad havoc in the ranks. After many scrim- 
mages the concert was finally at an end, save as it 
lingered in the memory of those vpho bear mementoes 
of the occasion in the shape of swelled heads and 
black eyes. 

The entering class this year is as follows : B. L. Bry- 
ant, Bethel ; A. A. Badger, Farmington ; F. W. Blair, 
Boothbay Harbor ; E. T. Boyd, Bangor ; J. G-. Burn- 
ham, Biddeford; C. S. Christie, St. Albans; A. L. 
Churchill, Houlton ; J. W. Crawford, Brunswick; 
A. L. Deunison, Wilton; L. S. Dewey, Cooper; 
Thomas Doherty, Houlton ; H. J. Dudley, Pem- 
broke ; H. L. Fairbanks, Bangor ; F. L. Fessenden, 
Bridgton ; J. A. Ford, Bowdoinham ; G. H. Foster, 
Portland; J. S. French, Norway; E. E. P. Goodwin, 
Waterford ; W. F. Haskell, Saccarappa; L. C. 
Hatch, Bangor; H. E. Holmes, Lewiston; F. G. 
Jackson, Wiscasset; G. L. Kimball, South Water- 
ford ; W. S. Kimball, Portland ; J. G. W. Knowlton, 
Bath; O. J. Ledyard, Bath; W. E. Leighton, Deer- 
ing; C. E. V. Lord, Biddeford; F. H. Mead, Bridg- 
ton ; Alfred Mitchell, Brunswick ; Hoyt Moore, Ells- 
worth ; A. W. Morelen, Broad Cove ; R. T. Parker, 
Lebanon; S. E. Pope, Gardiner; J. H. Richardson, 



Brunswick; S. H. Roberts, Buffalo, N. Y. ; W. R. 
Robinson, Kennebunk; H. B. Russ, Freeport; S. R. 
Savage, Augusta ; J. T. Shaw, Gorham ; G. E. 
Simpson, Newcastle ; F. O. Small, Madrid; H. P. 
Small, Biddeford; P. D. Smith, Waterbury, Ct. ; 
L. P. Soule, Phillips; A. H. Stetson, Bath; P. D. 
Stubbs, Strong; H. W. Thayer, Limington; H. B. 
Ward, Freeport; G. C. Webber, Auburn; A. G. 
Wiley, Bethel; G. H. Wood, Bangor; E. R. Wood- 
bury, Deering. 



fime{ies>. 



BASE-BALL. 
Sophomores, 26; Freshmen, 0. 

Such was the final outcome of the class con- 
test on the delta, Saturday, the J9th. The game 
from the start would have been utterly devoid of 
interest had it not been for the incessant (?) gitying 
of the Freshmen on the part of the Sophomores, a 
by no means unusual occurrence. The day was 
perfect and the attendance large. Owing to delay 
on the part of the Freshmen, both in putting in au 
appearance and in suitably preparing the delta, 
the game, which was scheduled for 2.30, was not 
called until 3. 

If we must judge from the exhibition then 
witnessed the Freshman class does not bring into 
college as great au abundance of base- ball talent 
as we had hoped for. They showed up poorly in 
the field, with but one or two exceptions, and as 
for solving the equations of Plaisted they simply 
couldn't do it. He held them completely at bis 
mercy and kept them guessing throughout at his 
parabolic shoots and his delivery. Undoubtedly 
the coaching of the Sophomores materially assisted 
in rattling the Freshmen, who nevertheless played 
a plucky game. 

Fairbanks was evidently their king and easily 
carried oft' all the honors. Leighton also played an 
excellent game, cutting off two men at the plate 
from left field. The Sophomores played a steady, 
careful game, Plaisted and Allen being especially 
fine, being also well supported in the field. Led- 
yard proved an easy mark and the trade-mark was 
pounded hard and often. French was substituted 
in the fifth and gave nine men bases on balls. 
Farrington touched him up for a pretty three- 
bagger with three men on bases. Sykes made a 
phenomenal pick-up in the fourth. Savage, '93, 



130 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



umpired impartially and gave general satisfaction. 
The following is the score in detail : 

SOPHOMORES. 

A.B. R. B.H. T.B. S.H. P.O. A. E. 

Allen, c 3 i 1 2 1 6 1 1 

Plaisted, p., ...3 3 2 2 7 
Hinkley, 2b., ... 4 2 2 i 1 

Sykes, s.s 533 60211 

Whitcomb, r.f., ..5 2 1 1 00 

Dana, 3b 3 i 3 5 1 

Parrington, l.f., .43250100 
Chapman, lb, ..32110400 
Anderson, c.f., ..53341100 

Totals, . . 35 26 18 30 2 15 10 2 

FRESHMEN. 

A.B. R. B.H T.B S.H. P.O. A. E- 

Kimball, s.s.,' ..20000110 
Pope, c.f., ....3 1 
Kobinson, 3b., ..30110014 
Mead, r.f., ....2 1 1 
Fairbanks, c, ..10000411 

French, lb 20110612 

Leighton, l.f., ..20120121 
Wiley, 2b., ...20000310 
Ledyard, p., ... 1 5 1 

Totals, . . 18 3 4 15 13 11 

Innings 12345 

Sophomores 2824 10—26 

Freshmen 0000 0—0 

Bases on called balls— Allen (2), Plaisted (2), Dana (2), 
Farrington, Chapman (2), Kimball, Fairbanks, Ledyard. 
Hit by pitched ball — Hinckley. Two-base hits — Allen, 
Hinckley (2), Sykes (3), Dana (2), Anderson, Leighton' 
Three-base hits— Farrington. 



SOPHOMORE FOOT-BALL RUSH. 
After the usual amount of yelling for the ball the 
rush was finally started at the close of Chapel, Fri- 
day morning, and, while short, proved close and 
exciting. The ball was first carried down in front 
of the chapel, and for the first ten minutes remained 
almost stationary, but at length the crowd broke 
away and the ball was carried down to South Apple- 
ton by the good rushing of Lord, Dana, and Hinckley. 
Passing around the end of the building, it was carried 
by a series of short rushes entirely round the build- 
ing, when Buck, by a brilliant rush, carried it nearly 
to North Maine, into which building it was at one 
time thrown, but not allowed to remain. After a 
few short rushes Lord rushed round the end of the 
crowd with the ball, but was stopped in front of the 
chapel, the ball rolling down the path toward North 
Appleton, where Pickard succeeded in rushing it 
into his room, winning the trophy. The time of the 
rush was only thirty minutes. 



SOPHOMORE-FRESHMAN FOOT-BALL. 

Friday p.m., the annual foot-ball game between 
the two lower classes was played on the campus, 
with Linsoott, '92, as referee, and Carleton and Bald- 
win, '93, as judges. 

The Sophomores, in the usual garb of this occa- 
sion, marched to the field singing Phi Chi to a tin-pan 
accompaniment, and the two classes soon lined up 
for the struggle. '95 showed up well and presented 
a strong rush line, but in the first few rushes could 
do little against the Sophs., who rapidly carried the 
ball toward the Freshman goal. There was the usual 
interference by the upperclassmen, and, after several 
fouls, by a well-directed kick and good rushing by 
Fairbanks the Freshmen took the ball nearly back 
to the starting point. The '95 men played with little 
confidence and gradually lost ground until the 
ball was within thirty yards of their goal, when, 
after the ball was put in play, it was rushed down 
the field by the Sophs., and sent over the line by a 
fine kick by Hinckley. 

At this point a fowl was claimed by the Freshmen 
and allowed by the referee, but meanwhile '94 had 
borne off the ball in triumph and were celebrating 
their victory with the usual amount of noise and 
enthusiasm. The referee finally awarded the game 
to '95. The Freshman team showed many strong 
men, but they lacked experience and did not use 
their strength to advantage, so that at no time in the 
game did they get the ball in the Sophomore's terri- 
tory. Although the game was given '95 by the 
referee it was virtually a victory for '94. 




As we get back from vacation and enter again 
upon college life with its privileges and duties, the 
greatest interest is centered upon the Freshman 
class. There is a great desire to know whether 
there is any foot-ball, base-ball, or boating material 
in the class and underneath all to know what sort 
of men have come to spend four years of their lives 
here. The first week with its Sophomore-Freshman 
contests affords an excellent opportunity for ascer- 
taining the athletic ability of the incoming class, 
but a better chance of seeing and getting ac- 
quainted with the members was afforded by the 
reception given by the Association to the new men, 
Thursday evening. Between thirty and forty mem - 
bers of the incoming class were present, who, 
together with the members of the Association, were 
very pleasantly entertained for a couple of hours by 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



131 



the membership committee. Short addresses were 
made by Dr. Mason and several members of the 
Faculty. These, with singing, occupied the greater 
part of the evening. Fruit was then passed around 
and a half-hour was very pleasantly spent in social 
intercourse. 

The Association has been fortunate in securing 
Rev. J. S. Williamson, of Augusta, to deliver the 
annual sermon. It will be preached in the Congre- 
gational church, October llth. 

There seems to be a large number of active 
Christian men in '95. We hope that they will not 
disappoint us, and that there will be no hesitation 
on their part in identifying themselves with the 
Association, and taking hold of work with it. The 
beginning of the term is the easiest and best time 
to do this. 

The delegates who went to Northfleld, last 
summer, have returned full of the zeal which the 
atmosphere of such a place and contact with so 
many other men cannot help producing. Twelve 
days of close intimacy with men like Mott, Moody, 
and Speer, have enabled them to acquire the best 
methods of carrying on Y. M. C. A. work. It was 
one of the most successful meetings that has ever 
been held, over 350 men being present, represent- 
ing 78 colleges. They were very fortunate in 
having fine weather during nearly all the time of 
the convention. To feel the spirit which animates 
those who returned to Bowdoin, one must feel that 
it is a liberal education in Christ-life and Christ- 
work to attend the meetings. 




'22.— Dr. David H. Storer, Professor 
of Obstetrics in the Harvard Medical School, 
died September 10th, aged 87 years. Dr. 
Storer was born in Portland in 1804. After gradua- 
tion from Bowdoin he studied medicine with Dr. 
John C. Warren, of Portland, and settled in Boston, 
where, conquering seemingly impossible difficulties, 
he soon occupied an eminent position among the med- 
ical fraternity of that city. In 1887 he founded the 



Tremont Street School of Medical Instruction, which 
has had an exceedingly useful and honorable career. 
In 1854 he was elected to the professorship of obstet- 
rics and medical jurisprudence in Harvard Medical 
School, and was also elected dean of the Faculty. 
However busy he has been amid the toils and cares 
of his profession, he has found time for other studies, 
and has published many scientific papers. " In 1837 
the Massachusetts Commissioners, who had charge 
of the botanical and zoological survey of the state, 
assigned to Dr. Storer the departments of zoology 
and herpetology. His report was made in 1839, and 
is mentioned by Dr. DeKay in his 'Zoology of the 
State of New York' as an invaluable and masterly 
document." Dr. Storer's death leaves but one sur- 
viving member of the class of '22 — Charles E. 
Barrett, Esq., of Portland. 

'36. — The Orient extends congratulations to Mr. 
and Mrs. George F. Emery upon completing their 
fiftieth year of a very happy married life, and 
sincerely hopes that their remaining years of life 
may be as pleasant. 

'37.— Rev. Dr. John C. Stockbridge. We had the 
pleasure of meeting this gentleman this (Wednesday) 
morning on his way to Bath to visit his old class- 
mate. Rev. Dr. Fiske, both of the class '37, Bowdoin, 
and both present at the entertainment given to the 
class by Dr. Fordyce Barker, of New York, at the 
fiftieth anniversary of graduation, in 1887. Dr. 
Stockbridge is a well-preserved gentleman at the 
age of 73, and has just closed a thirty j'ears' connec- 
tion with Brown University. The Doctor reminded 
the writer that we were both members of the old 
Pandean Band. — Brunswick Telegraph. 

'40. — Rev. John B. L. Soule died in Chicago a 
short time since. We have been unable to ascertain 
the exact date of his death, but it was probably about 
the 10th of this month. Mr. Soule was born in 
Freeport in April, 1815. He was fitted for college at 
Phillips Exeter Academy, under the distinguished 
Dr. Abbot, who was principal at that time, and was 
graduated from there in 1834, and from Bowdoin 
College in 1840. For two years after graduation he 
was principal of an academy in Hampton, N. H., 
after which, for two years, he had charge of the 
Bucksport High School in Bucksport, Me., at the 
same time studying law with Messrs. Bell & Tuck, 
at Exeter, N. H., and Judge Emmons, at Hallowell, 
Me. However, he never practiced that profession. 
In 1846. he removed to Terre Haute, Ind., and opened 
a classical school for boys. For this work he was 
admirably fitted, and for the six years in which he 
continued this work was eminently successful. Dur- 
ing this period he aided in drafting the first legis- 



132 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



lative bill enacting the free school system in that 
state, and was also licensed by the Crawfordsville 
Presbytery to preach the gospel. After retiring from 
the school he was for two or three years the success- 
ful editor of the Daily Express of that city, in fact 
so successful that he received similar offers in other 
places. He, however,decIined all these. Hewaspastor 
successively of the Presbyterian Church in Plymouth, 
Ind., Congregational church in Wisconsin, and a 
church in Cransville, Ind., after which, from 1865 to 
1876, he was professor in Blackburn University. In 

1878 he took charge of a select family school for 
boys, mainly classical, in Highland Park, 111., near 
Chicago. Mr. Soule has frequently contributed to 
the public press outside of his editorial duties, and 
in 1880 or 1881 published a volume of poems. In 

1879 he received the degree of Ph.D. from the Col- 
lege for Women, in Chicago, and in ls80 the degree 
of D.D. from Blackburn University. Mr. Soule had 
been twice married. In 1840 he married Miss Mary 
L. Stevens, of Hallowell, Me., who died in 1848 at 
Terre Haute, Ind., and in 1849 he married Miss 
Caroline Gookings, of Terre Haute. 

'46. — A well known, honored, and useful citizen 
of Chicago, Edwin Lee Brown, died July 21st, and 
was buried at Graceland Cemetery. The live- 
stock shippers of the country have known something 
of the active interest Mr. Brown has taken for years 
in the improvement of cattle cars, and in securing 
regulations from the railway companies to prevent 
cruelty to stock en route to market. Mr. Brown 
made generous use of his ample fortune in pro- 
moting the objects of the American Humane Asso- 
ciation of which he was president. Prizes were 
offered for the best inventions and improvements in 
cattle cars. Mr. Brown also spent much time in 
giving lectures and addresses in aid of tliis cause. 
From a sketch of his life which appeared in the 
Chicago Daily News we quote as follows : 

"Mr. Brown was born in Milo, Maine, March 4, 
1827. At fourteen he entered Bowdoin College and 
after his graduation studied law and architecture, 
practicing the latter profession in Boston for more 
than ten years. More than a quarter of a century 
ago he came to Chicago, and here he made a fortune 
in the manufacture of sidewalk lights, the company 
of which he was president being the largest concern 
of the kind in the world. He was also president 
and owner of the Western Sand Blast Company, 
president of the Western Seed Co., and president and 
principal stockholder in the gas company at Evans- 
ton, where he resided for many years, having a beau- 
tiful place of ten acres on the shore of Lake Michigan 
in the southern part of the village. He was the first 



president of the Illinois Humane Society, and was a 
director and active member of that organization up 
to the time of his death. He was also one of the 
seven honorary members of the Massachusetts Society 
for the prevention of cruelty to animals. He was 
the first president of the American Humane Associa- 
tion, a position to which he was repeatedly elected. 
A few years ago he spent six months in Europe 
attending the humane convention and making him- 
self familiar with the work across the water. He 
devoted much of his time to the service of the cause 
in the lecture field, gratuitously delivering a score 
of lectures on the subject of cruelty to animals in 
various cities. He originally was chosen by Presi- 
dent Shortall to represent the Illinois Humane 
Society at the annual meeting of the National 
Association. As a leading worker in the good cause 
of prevention of cruelty to animals Mr. Brown was 
known in every state of the Union and in Europe. 
It was he who took the lead in the work of organ- 
izing the Bands of Mercy among the Sunday-School 
children of the land, and through his aid 70,000 boys 
and girls were made auxiliaries of the National 
Humane Association and an interest in that noble 
society roused in them. Mr. Brown has been active 
in promotion of measures of public improvement, 
such as the Inter-State Exposition, the extension of 
street railways and the like. At one time he was 
president of the Citizens' Association, though he has 
usually kept aloof from politics. Mr. Brown leaves 
a wife, three sons, and a married daughter." — Chicago 
Farm, Field, and Stockman. 

'57. — Rev. G. C. Waterman has recently been 
called to the pastorate of the Greenwich Street Free 
Baptist Church, at Providence, R. I., and has ac- 
cepted. 

'60, '57, '58. — At the annual reunion of the First 
Maine Cavalry Association the exercises, held in 
Music Hall, were presided over by Dr. George Cary, 
'60. The opening address of welcome was given by 
Hon. L. S. Sti'ickland, '57, while a very pleasing 
address was delivered by Gen. J. P. Cilley, '58, the 
treasurer of the association. 

'81. — Mr. Frank Eugene Smith and Miss Annie 
Millett Hatch were united in marriage September 
8th, in the Unitarian church at Augusta, by Rev. F. 
S. Thacher, Bowdoin, '66, of Santa Barbara, Cal., 
brother-in-law of the bride. After the reception Mr. 
and Mrs. Smith left on the Pullman train for an 
extended wedding tour. On their return they will 
reside in Boston. Mr. Smith was born in Augusta, 
May 6, 1860, and passed his school days in that city. 
He was graduated from Bowdoin College with high 
honors, and has since been connected with the 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



133 



Maverick Bank in Boston, where he is held in the 
highest esteem for his sterling business qualities, as 
well as his personal worth. Miss Hatch was born in 
Skowhegan, but most of her life has been spent in 
Augusta. She was at boarding school one year, and 
spent two years in European travel. As a child, she 
won all hearts by her bright, sunshiny ways, and as 
a woman she has endeared herself to all — to those 
who have been swift to do her bidding, as well as 
those who have been in high places. 

'81. — Professor Rogers, of Providence, R. I., 
with his family, spent the summer in Houlton, 

'85. — Dr. Nehemiah B. Ford was married Septem- 
ber 9th, to Miss Eleanor Soule Myer. The ceremony 
took place at the Second Presbyterian church of 
Auburn, N. Y. 

'87. — Mortimer H. Boutelle was married to Miss 
Alice Thorn Sessions on September 16th, at St. 
Paul's church, Minneapolis, Minn. 

'87. — O. D. Sewall preached in Netawaka, Kan., 
lor the summer. 

'87. — Fermor Pushor was in town, a few days 
since, on his way to Seattle, Wash., where he pro- 
poses to open a law ottice. 

'88. — P. F. Marston has moved his wife and class 
cup baby to Andover, Mass., where he expects to 
pursue a course of study at the theological seminary. 

'89 — C, F. Hersey is supplying the pulpit of a 
'Congregational church at Burlington, Mass. 

'89. — E. R. Stearns preached in Upton, Me., for 
the summer. 

'89.— F. C. Russell is superintendent of schools in 
Kockland, Me. 

'89. — James L. Doherty was admitted to the bar 
at the September term of court. 

'91.— Bangs is studying law at the University of 
Berlin, Germany. 

Brown enters Yale Law School at the opening of 
the term. 

Burleigh. Cilley, Goding, Jordan, Newman, Scales, 
and Simonton will enter Harvard Law School, while 
F. Drew, J. M. Hastings, W. M. Hilton, Tukey, and 
Wright enter the Medical Department of the same 
■University, and Dyer and Newbert, the Harvard 
Divinity School . 

Burr is Principal of Patten Academy, Patten, 
Me. ; Crosswell, Principal Wilton Academy, Wilton, 
Me. ; Dudley, Principal Kennebunk High School, 
Kennebunk, Me. ; Erskine, Principal Limington 
Academy, Limington, Me. ; Loring, Mattanawcook 
Academy, Lincoln, Me. ; Kelley, Lebanon (Me.) 
High School ; Poor, High School, Pembroke, Me. ; 
Smith, Grammar School, Rockland, Me. ; Tibbetts, 
High School, Greenville, Me. 



Chapman has a position on the Commercial 
Advertiser in New York City. 

Cutts is assistant in Chemistry at Bowdoin Col- 
lege, while Hunt will probably be assistant in Biology 
here and study medicine at Bowdoin Medical 
School. 

E. C. Drew is studying law in Minneapolis, Minn. 

Fish is assistant in the chemical laboratory of 
Stillwell & Gladding in New York City. 

Foss has an excellent position as principal of an 
academy in California. 

Hardy, Horue, A. P. McDonald, A. M. McDonald, 
and Noyes are studying at Andover Theological 
Seminary. 

C. H. Hastings is taking a course in history and 
political science at Johns Hopkins University. 

E. Hilton is studying law with his father in 
Damariscotta. 

Jackson is assistant instructor in the gymnasium 
at Phillips Andover Academy, and Parker is gymna- 
sium instructor in Brown University, Providence, 
R. I. 

Jarvis is to study law for a short time in Denver, 
Col. 

Lincoln is to study at the Hospital College of 
Medicine, Louisville, Ky. 

Mahoney will enter Maine Medical School at the 
opening of the terra. 

Mallett is teaching languages at Farmington 
Normal School. 

Minott is with his father in the ship-building 
business at Phippsburg, Me. 

Munsey is Principal of the high school at Booth- 
bay Harbor. 

E. H. New^begin is studying law with his father 
in Defiance, O. 

Packard is going into business somewhere in 
Dakota. 

Ridlon will study medicine with Dr. Toplitf, of 
Deering, and later enter the Maine Medical School. 

Riley is Professor of Mathematics and Physics in 
Drury College, SpringBeld, Mo. 

Of P. C. Newbegin, Porter, and Nelson we can't 
say what they will do. Newbegin and Porter have 
been on the Labrador expedition, making it im- 
possible for us to obtain any information concernino' 
them. 



The Faculty of the University of Wisconsin have 
inaugurated a radical innovation in college govern- 
ment by the abolition of examinations and all excuses 
for absences, except when the class standing is 
below 85 per cent., or the absences more than 10 
per cent. 



134 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



IN MEMORIAM. 
Hall of Eta, Theta Delta Chi. 
Whereas, It has been the will of an Almighty 
and Far-Seeing Providence to remove from our 
midst our dearly beloved and highly esteemed 
brother, Wellington Rolvin Cross, of the class of '61, 
be it 

Resolved, That, v^hile humbly bowing to the will 
of our Heavenly Father, we do recognize our great 
loss in the death of this brother; 

Sesolved, That the heartfelt sympathy of the fra- 
ternity be extended to his bereaved family ; 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be sent 
to the family of the deceased ; to the Shield and 
BOWDOIN Orient for publication. 

John C. Hull, '92, 
Charles H. Howard, '93, 
Frank H. Knight, '94, 

Committee for the Charge. 
Brunswick, Me., September 26, 1891. 



The secretary of the class, Edward Stanwood 
editor of the Youth's Comiianion, says: " The ranks 
of '61 are invaded again ; and one is taken from us 
whom we loved for his loyalty to the class, honored 
for his high talents, and respected for the purity of 
his life and devotion to the cause of his Master. May 
we all leave behind us as sweet a memory as that 
of our Brother Cross." 



ollege \BopId. 



Old college days return with especial pleasure, 
as one tips back in his study chair, puts his feet upon 
the desk, and peruses some interesting exchange. 
The real pleasure of college life becomes then a 
realistic fact. One may have spent many a joyous 
summer day and indulged in many an evening stroll, 
but yet he feels that better than them all is college 
life, college friendships, and the delights of a college 
room ; and so we all welcome the opening of the fall 
term with all the associations that it brings. 

We have gathered up a few stray notes of college 
affairs from amid the remnants of last term. 

Oberlin is talking of changing its Field-Day to a 
Greek "Olympiad." The proposition is to dress the 
hei-alds in Greek costumes, call the events by Greek 



names, introduce the hurling of the javelin, an ora- 
tion by the president, crowning the visitors witb 
crowns of leaves, and the singing of college songs^ 
by the multitude. 

MAGIC. 
There's magic in a kiss 

When stolen from you ! 
All I know is this: 
There's magic in a kiss, 
A world of thrilling "bliss — 

And heart-aches, too! 
Ah ! there's magic in a kiss 
"When stolen from you! — Ex. 

The roof of the new Yale gymnasium is to be- 
entirely of glass. It will be the second largest roof 
of the kind in the country. — Ex. 



^D[E5^C4>:ET\5fc/*^>UfAC.TURLRJ 




G 






EO. STACKPOLE, Proprietor, 

TONTINE HOTEL, 



BBUNSWICK, ME.. 

Serve Dinners Sunday from 1 to 2.30. 

BRADFORD, GDNANT & GO,, 

FumitDiG, Carpets, am Draperies, 

199 arrd 201 Lisbon Street, 
LEWISTON, : = = MAINE. 

We are always prepared to show in every department a LARGE: 

ASSORTMENT. Terms Cash, or Installment Plan. Call 

or write for prices before placing your orders. 

WE ARE HEADQUARTERS. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Vol. XXI. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, OCTOBER 14, 1891. 



No. 7. 



BOWDOIN O E, I E N T. 

PUBLISHED EVERT ALTERNATE "WEDNESBAT DDBING 
THE COLLEGIATE TEAR BT THE STUDENTS OF 

BO^A'DOIN COLLEGE. 



EDITORIAL BOARD. 

E. A. PuGSLET, '92, Managing Editor. 

J. C. Hull, '92, Assistant Managing Editor. 

H. C. Faetan, '93, Business Manager, 

F. V. GuMMER, '92. M. S. Clifi-ord, '93. 

J. B. F. HODGDON, '92. C. W. Peabodt, '93- 

H. W. Kimball, '92. H. E. Andrews, '94. 

F. "W. Pickaed, '94. 



$2.00. 
15 Cents. 



Per annum, in advance. 

Single Copies, 

Extra copies can be obt.iineil at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Editor. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Rhyme and Reason Department should be 
sent to Box 951, Brunswicis, Me. ~ 

Personal notes should be sent to Box 950, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post-OBBce at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 
CONTENTS. 



Vol. XXI., No. 7.— October 14, 1891. 

Editorial Notes 1.35 

Miscellaneous: 

The Labrador Expedition, 137 

How to Dispose of the Ashes, 140 

Rhyme and Reason : 

Autumn Thoughts on Summer Girls, 141 

Unchronioled 141 

Collegii Tabula, 142 

Athletics, 144 

Y. M. C. A 144 

Personal, 145 

College World, 145 




.^-^c 



The articles by L. W. S., which have 
recently appeared in the Eastern Argus, 
concerning Bowdoin College and her Faculty 
and students, are regarded by people who are 
accustomed to visit the college as of very 
little account. It is the opinion of people in 
general, that the Argus should be above pub- 
lishing articles of such a character. We have 
no intention of replying to the articles in 
detail. It is sufficient to say that there are 
others besides, who have seen other col- 
leges and know that Bowdoin College com- 
pares favorably with them. Furthermore, 
the students are as well and neatly dressed, 
and as well behaved as other people any- 
where. They are neither dudes nor louts, 
but respectable men from the farms, villages, 
and cities of Maine. If any one has doubts 
concerning the above statements, he had bet- 
ter make a visit to the college, and make ob- 
servations for himself, instead of relying on 
the statements of L. W. S., in the Argus. 



0UR new professor and new tutor are 
making first-class beginnings and cre- 
ating excellent impressions. It gives us great 
pleasure to note this fact, for it is a sure indi- 
cation of continued prosperity for the college. 
The above being true, it is certainly the duty 
of every student to give to the new members 
of the Faculty his ablest support, thereby 



136 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



showing his appreciation of the wise choice of 
instructors which has been made, and also 
that he is able to distinguish between a trulj'- 
able and liberal instructor and one that is not. 
To do this at all times may be difficult, for 
many acts which may seem to be expressions 
of dislike, but which in reality are merely the 
expressions of exultation common to men 
everywhere on taking a step forward, are very 
likely to be misunderstood. Nevertheless, an 
attempt in the right direction should be 
made. It will not be here attempted to 
specify in detail what acts should be 
avoided ; however, there is one which comes 
to mind as being something that might well 
be dispensed with. It is the excessive music 
at the Sophomore recitations before Tutor 
Wheeler. 'Ninetj'-four is like all Sophomore 
classes in general, full of life and its expres- 
sion. With all this, however, we believe 
it to be an honorable, high-minded class, 
straightforward at heart and animated with 
good intentions. All this we are glad to see 
and believe ; nevertheless the custom of be- 
ginning each recitation with a few verses of 
the "old hymn " cannot be commended. Mr. 
Wheeler is, in the language of the college, a 
" white man," so the college believe. Think 
it over, boys, and see if you don't come to 
the same conclusion, and furthermore, come 
to the conclusion that it would be better to 
let the singing go. 



TT WILL be remembered that Mr. S. R. 

^ Jackson, 2d, while out of health last 
spring, was a welcomed frequenter of the 
gymnasium and a popular participant in many 
of the exercises there for the benefit which 
they afforded. At some time near the close 
of last term his locker was opened and a 
valuable pair of foils taken therefrom. Mr. 
Jackson would be very much pleased if these 
should be returned, and so would Instructor 
Whittier and the student body. Continued 
ill health has compelled Mr. Jackson to dis- 
pose of his shoe business, much to the regret 



of all present and former students. That he 
may soon regain complete health and strength 
is the earnest desire of his friends everywhere. 

"TTOR several unavoidable circumstances we 
*- have had to defer the publication of this 
issue of the Orient for one week. We have 
dated it for the usual time, however, as that 
is the date that would be looked for in 
running over the files. 



TITHE foot-ball situation has undergone a 
-*■ change since the last issue of the Orient. 
Bowdoin is no longer a member of the East- 
ern Inter-Collegiate League. The reason for 
this is that Stevens Institute, on retiring from 
the league last year, had a provision in the 
arrangement, admitting Bowdoin in her place ; 
whereby she could return to the league again 
this year, to the exclusion of Bowdoin, pro- 
vided two voles were cast in favor of her re- 
admission. She was able to obtain these votes 
at the meeting of the managers in Boston, last 
week, and so Bowdoin ceased to be a member 
of the league. But this will not prevent our 
continuing the sport. In fact, we can con- 
tinue the game at much less expense than 
if we were in the league, and play games with 
first-class teams at that. Several games have 
already been played and several others have 
been arranged, including one with Harvard. 
Such others will be arranged as the finances 
of the association will warrant. 



TT [S to be hoped that the good relations, 
-^ which have been so prevalent among the 
classes for the last two or three years, and 
which have constantly grown stronger, may 
continue. It should be borne in mind by every 
one, thai; these relations have been estab- 
lished and maintained only by the conces- 
sions which have been made by the three upper 
classes. The new men coming to us this fall 
should understand this thoroughly, and be 
prepared to yield something for the common 
good. They should feel that while they have . 
rights that others must respect, others have 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



137 



rights which they themselves must respect. 
It should be borne in mind that when the 
old customs passed away by which the Sopho- 
more was accustomed to compel obedience to 
his sway, no privilege was established in 
accordance with which the Freshman should 
appropriate an undue share of the campus, or 
render the dormitories uninhabitable by his 
music; nor was he supposed to be on the 
corner and view exullingly the Sophomore, 
whose powers of retaliation liave been justly 
removed. The understanding at the base of 
our pleasant relations is, that, while the Sopho- 
more must give up Ills old practices, the 
Freshman instead of instituting new ones, 
must meet the concessions, which have been 
made with concessions of his own. This is 
what is wanted. It is what is expected, and 
is all that is necessary to the continuance of 
the pleasant relationship, with one another, 
now subsisting. With these conditions com- 
plied with, the Sophomore breaking the regu- 
lations can and will be quickly dealt with. 



i§©eIIa!^eoa§. 



The Labrador Expedition. 

TT IS here intended to give a brief history 
-^ of the exploring expedition to Labrador, 
as planned and executed by Pi-ofessor Lee. 
To some of the readers of the Orient this 
article may appear old, but to those located 
in distant parts of the country, and for whose 
benefit it is inserted, it may have consid- 
erable interest. For information concerning 
the plan and composition of the expedition, 
the article on the subject in the Commence- 
ment Orient can be consulted. 

The expedition left Rockland, Me., June 
27th, and proceeded with two minor stops to 
Halifax, where additional provisions and 
water were taken on board, and the final 
arrangements made for the start northward. 
At Halifax the members of the party were 



handsomely entertained by Mr. Frye, United 
States Consul at that port. 

The start northward from Halifax was 
made on July 3d. The route chosen lead 
through the Strait of Canso across the Gulf 
of St. Lawrence and through the Strait of 
Belle Isle. A stop of a day and a half was 
made at port Hawksbury, where the LTnited 
Stales Consul received the party kindly. In 
crossing the Gulf a storm came on and 
many of the party were attacked with sea 
sickness, but nothing of vital consequence 
occurred either to ship or passengers. The 
Strait of Belle Isle was reached and the coast 
of Labrador sighted on the 11th of July. 

The first stop after reaching the Strait of 
Belle Isle was made at Red Bay, and here the 
first work of the expedition begun. The 
rocks, flora, and old sea beaches of the sec- 
tion were carefully examined, and many fine 
specimens collected. No dredging was done 
at this point, the object being to use the 
dredges farther to the north, where hitherto 
but little has been known of the sea bottom. 
After a staj'^ of two days at Red Bay the 
party continued on through the Strait to 
Chateau Bay, a harbor in the strait, where a 
Stop of four days was made. Here as at Red 
Bay the vegetable life and rock formation 
were carefulh^ examined, and the results 
noted. The rock along tlie coast was here 
found to be of the basaltic columnar character, 
so plainly to be seen in the Giant's Cause- 
way on the coast of Ireland, and in Fingal's 
Cave ill island of Staffa, and in some places it 
was found to take on much of the stateliness 
and grandeur to be observed in those stu- 
pendous works of nature. 

At this place Dr. Parker, of the expedi- 
tion, had an opportunity to do a great amount 
of work in the medical line, and he did it 
well. It appears that men of the medical 
profession are very rare in the places visited, 
and that rheumatism and la grippe are very 
prevalent there. One of the party says it 



138 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



was an exceedingly interesting spectacle to 
see an old man who had long been afflicted 
with rheumatism dance about after his treat- 
ment by the Doctor. From Chateau Bay 
the party proceeded to Battle Harbor, a 
Scotch settlement, where an extensive fishing 
company is established, the fish consisting 
chiefly of cod and salmon, being shipped to 
Europe. 

Mr. Smith, the agent of the company, did 
all in his power to make the stay of the 
expedition at this place pleasant. The com- 
pany's boats were put at the disposal of the 
part}', entertainment provided, and every 
care and attention bestowed that could in 
any way aid or please the visitors. For Mr. 
Smith and liis estimable family, certainly, the 
kindest feelings of all connected witli the col- 
lege are entertained, because of this royal 
welcome to the explorers. 

In passing the strait many icebergs were 
seen and their peculiarities noted, some of 
them appeared to be very nicely balanced, so 
nicely, in fact, that a vollej' of rifle balls 
from the party into them would cansethem to 
change their positions considerably. It was 
the privilege of the party to see several of 
these great ice masses break up. The name 
of the place, Battle Harbor, arises from the 
fact that years ago the Esquimaux and Mount- 
aineer Indians fought one of their fiercest 
battles here. 

At this place a careful examination of the 
trees, flowers, grasses, rocks, etc., were made 
and specimens of all were preserved. The 
trout fishing was here most excellent, as 
might also be said of Red Bay. At Fox 
Island, near by, the party saw the Esquimaux 
for the first time. From Bat;tle Harbor the 
expedition sailed direct to Rigolette, and 
arrived at that point July 23d, the object 
being to get the men who were to explore 
Grand River, started on their journey up the 
same as soon as possible. 

At Rigolette the Bryant party were over- 
taken, and in sailing up Melville Lake to 



the mouth of tiie river proper, the Bowdoin 
party gained a lead, which enabled them to 
become the discoverers of Grand Falls. Mel- 
ville Lake, or more properly the estuary of 
Giand River, is a body of water about 
ninety miles long and eighteen wide, into 
which flow four large rivers. At Rigolette 
the party came in contact with a post of the 
Hudson Bay Company, it l)eing the first they 
had come upon. 

The Grand River party, consisting of Mr. 
Gary, Mr. Cole, Mr. Smith, and Mr. Young, 
were left at the head of Melville Lake, as it is 
called, to make their journey to the falls 
while the remainder of the party sailed back 
to the sea and coasted farther north. At 
Northwest Rivei', a point on Melville Lake, 
Professor Li^e was able to make a full collec- 
tion of the implements of the Mountaineer 
Indians, and to take many measurements of 
them. They are a race of Indians of pow- 
erful build, and very cunning. There was 
but one imperfect or deformed man seen 
among them. They are a race somewhat 
civilized and dress after the fashion of the 
white men of the section, being supplied with 
woolen clothing by the Hudson Bay Com- 
pany. They are deadly enemies of the 
Esquimaux, and usually defeat them in battle. 
There is a beach at Esquimaux Island where 
one of these famous battles was fought a long 
time ago, and here the members of the expedi- 
tion discovered a large burying-ground of the 
Esquimaux, where many skeletons were found. 
The bodies were not interred but placed on 
the surface of the ground and then covered 
with flat stones placed on others laid around ! 
the bodies. 

On July 31st the expedition headed for 
CuUingley's Cove. At this point dredging 
was begun and carried on for two days with 
very satisfactory results. A deep-sea lobster 
was here taken, together witli many other 
specimens of deep-sea life new to the coast. 

At Indian Harbor, on Hamilton Inlet, 
which connects Melville Lake with the sea, a 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



139 



complete Esquimau skeleton was secured, 
and many shell heaps were examined, which 
yielded a good collection of implements. 
Webec Harbor was the next point at which the 
party stopped, and this is spoken of as the 
most dreary place which the company visited. 
Here the company were detained four or five 
days by heavy weather. During this time 
considerable work was done in examining the 
characteristics of the rocks and animal and 
vegetable life of the place. From Webec 
Harbor the course was direct to Hopedale, 
where the expedition arrived on August 
1 0th. At this place there is a large Mora- 
vian missionary station and a company of 
300 Esquimaux, and at this point the part}' 
had the best opportunity, perhaps, of observ- 
ing this race. Mr. Kaestner, the head of the 
station, received the explorers very kindly, 
although the party had no letters of recom- 
mendation whatever, and aided Professor Lee 
and the members of the expedition in every 
way possible. The missionaries at Hopedale 
could receive no warmer welcome anywhere 
on the earth than at Bowdoin College for their 
many kindnesses to Professor Lee and 
his party. Through the instrumentality of 
these missionaries, or, perhaps, we ought to 
say directly from them. Professor Lee was 
able to secure a very valuable collection of 
carvings in ivory done by the natives. These 
carvings, representing the various animals 
and the Esquimaux themselves, are very rare 
and are not made by the natives to any ex- 
tent at the present time. They are excellent 
specimens of primitive art, and will form a 
valuable collection for the new art building 
which we are soon to have. In the kitchen 
middens of tlie Esquimaux, near Hopedale, 
many interesting and valuable discoveries 
were made and many implements were taken 
thereform which will aid greatly -in determin- 
ing the ancient mode of life of this race. 
While with the missionaries the party heard 
a sermon delivered in the Esquimaux lan- 



guage and learned that many of our best 
books are translated into the same. 

At this point, August 17th, the expedition 
turned back. On the homeward passage but 
one new point was touched. This was Cape 
Ailak, where many observations were made and 
some articles of value secured, among which 
was an Esquimau kayak. Another call was 
made at Rigolette on the way back, for the 
purpose of taking on board the Grand River 
party. The experience of this part of the 
expedition was thrilling in the extreme. 

The men left to go up the river had not 
all arrived at Rigolette wiien the vessel 
returned for them. Mr. Gary, Mr. Cole, Mr. 
Smith, and Mr. Young, when left at the head 
of Melville Bay on July 26th, had wasted no 
time in getting away, but had had more to 
contend with than had been anticipated. 
These men, well provisioned and armed, fitted 
out with two good boats made expressly for 
the purpose, and carrying what scientific in- 
struments were deemed necessary, begun the 
journey up the Grand River on the day 
on which they left the vessel, and proceeded 
about thi'ee miles to a point on Goose Bay 
where they encamped. On the next day 25 
miles were covered without accident, the party 
passing the shoals at the river mouth. On the 
next day but eight miles were made, since a 
carry requiring much time had to be made 
around the first falls of the river. The party 
made 25 miles on the next day, rowing and 
tracking up the Porcupine Rapids and through 
a series of small lakes. On the following day 
sixteen miles were passed taking the men up 
the stream througii Gull Island Lake as far 
as the middle of Gull Lake Rapids. The 
advance was continued on the next day, and 
although much difficulty was experienced in 
passing the upper part of Gull Lake Rapids, 
nine miles were added to the distance be- 
tween the party and the sea. The current 
at Gull Lake Rapids was found to be very 
swift and a carry was necessary. 



140 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



The party made good camps every night 
and thus passed the periods of rest much 
more comfortably than they otherwise could 
have done. Upon arriving at the spot where 
the camp was to be made two of the men 
would prepare the brush for the beds, pitch 
the tent, and the other two would prepare 
wood for the camp and the cook's fire. Mr. 
Gary acted throughout the journey as cook, 
when cooking was to be done. All things 
went well with the party until the 1st of 
August. On this day a serious accident 
occurred which came near preventing any 
further advance. While tracking on Horseshoe 
Rapids the boat used by Gary and Smith cap- 
sized, emptying its load into the river, and Mr. 
Gary came very near being carried down the 
stream, he saving himself only by grasping 
the line as he was being swept by. By this 
accident it was found that one-fourth of the 
provisions had been lost, together with many 
of the cooking utensils, axes, etc., and much 
of the ammunition. The scientific instru- 
ments were also ruined, or rendered nearly 
useless by the mishap. This accident changed 
the aspect of affairs and the plans of the 
company considerably. But after a consid- 
eration of the matter it was decided to keep 
on with the entire party. During the follow- 
ing five days sixty -six miles were made, there 
being several carries, some rowing, and much 
tracking. On August 6th the company 
emerged into Lake Waminikapo, and here 
the party indulged in a cheerful consideration 
of the fact that the worst part of the journey 
was over, for the Minnepi River and rapids 
had been passed, and the course v^as now 
believed to be much smoother and the falls 
to be not far distant. One day was used in 
going the length of the lake, a distance of 
forty miles. At the head of the lake the 
party encamped for the night. At this point 
it became evident that the party must divide. 
The provisions were giving out, and Mr. 
Young was suffering severely from a badly 



swollen ha'nd and arm, which had been badly 
jammed. It was therefore decided that Mr. 
Smith and Mr. Young should return, and that 
Mr. Gary and Mr. Gole should continue on 
up the river and find the falls, if possible. 

(To be continued.) 



How to Dispose of the Ashes. 
'CTS THE coal-fire again becomes a neces- 
/-*■ sity, one's thoughts naturally revert to 
the disposal of the ashes. Heretofore they 
have been piled promiscuously in front of the 
different buildings, but with the improve- 
ments already inaugurated at Bowdoin, it 
would seem that some disposition might be 
made of this unsightly mass other than tiie 
usual one. 

The scheme which seems most feasible is 
to have placed on tlie different floors of each 
end, a box into which the waste products of 
the stove might be thrown. At the end of a 
week or two weeks these might be hauled 
away and dumped, thus doing away entirely 
with the odoriferous, filthy pile, which usually 
collects in front of the dormitories. 

The boxes might be fastened in such a 
way that they could not be removed, except 
by the proper authorities, and would thus be 
safe from all attacks of belligerent students. 
The expense of such an improvement would 
be very slight, and it would seem that the 
matter should receive proper attention, when 
not only the health of the students, but the 
beauty of the grounds are very materially 
connected with it. 



Leland Stanford Junior University claims tlie 
honor of being the first college to publish a paper at 
the very beginning of its existence. Considering 
under what auspices the university has been founded, 
one sees very little of worth in the claim. 

The strife for first place among American col- 
leges in point of attendance lies between Harvard 
and the Michigan University. The latter leads with 
a registration of 2,435, against 2,27(5 for Harvard. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



141 



— • — 

Autumn Thoughts on Summer 
Girls. 

As I'm lazily reflecting 

On last summer's giddy whirl, 

My thoughts dwell, all else rejecting. 
On last summer's giddy girl. 



First there comes a dainty vision 
Of a charming college maid, 

Nice, and full of pert precision — 
There my liomage liad I paid ; 

Had my fine wiles but succeeded. 
Schemes to ascertain her name, 

When presented I'd not heeded 

What it was, or whence she came. 

How her name so strange, I told her. 

Could be spelled much puzzled me. 
From her coolness, growing colder, 
" J-o-n-e-s," said she. 

Disgusted, fleeing far away, 
I chanced to meet another maid. 
At whose feet my heart was laid ; 
But for hop, or stroll, or ride. 
This fair one was, like the tide, 

Later, later, every day. 



Another still I met, and she 
Was fair as summer gii'l can be. 
(Now, this is saying a great deal. 
For summer girls aim to appeal 
To hearts of men by many a grace 
Of figure posed, and studied face.) 
This maiden was so sweetly rare. 
To win her was my dearest care. 

(For I thought 

She was not 

Of the usual sort.) 

Rambling chats, piazza talks. 
Moonlight strolls, and morning walks. 
Then swell turn-outs, tandems, teams, 
Inland drives by winding streams. 
Knick-knacks, flowers, and bon-bons sweet; 
Financial proofs of love complete. 



But when at last I tried to pop, 
She vanished, so I had to stop. 

(And I thought 

She was not 

Of the use-you-well sort.) 

Now, I'm lazily reflected 

On last summer's giddy whirl, 

I, before hand, have rejected 

Each, next summer's giddy girl. 



Unchronicled. 

With never a poet to write its story. 

An old, old clock in the corner stands ; 

And all the record it ever had 

Was written in time with its own thin hands. 

But a record in time is hard to decipher; 

You may search for the writing, — 'tis gone 
I fear. 
For ink must grow thin that is drawn from the 
pen. 
As it dozes along in its eightieth year. 

Never tragedy glared on this faded dial. 
No wondrous adventure was ever its fate. 

But life and death and such common things. 
That it matters but little I should relate. 

Wlien its life-time labor at last is over. 

And its span of years stretch to " one, two 
aught," 

('Tis ever so at the death of man,) 

Its annals then will be eagerly sought. 

I've watched it faithfully tick the hours. 

And I'll wait not till then lest I be not there 

To tell how, so long as its heart beat on. 
Of life-work it patiently bore its share. 

I pause, and above, on the unseen record, 
The clock hand has finished another page. 

It tells, perhaps, how one only friend 

Has written, with love, of its green old age. 



Beginning with this year, two prizes of $60 and 
$-10, respectively, are offered at Harvard to the two 
Sophomoi'cs or Juniors who shall have pursued the 
most profitable course of reading during the year, 
due regard being given to health. The judges are 
to be the president, the professor of English litera- 
ture, and the librarians. 



142 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 




S^'^*^ 




G. C. Webber 
monitor for '95. 



acts as 



Rogers, '89, recently visited the 
college. 

Bean, '92, is wielding the birch at 
Dennysville. 

S. H. Fogg, '89, was a visitor at the college last 
week. 

H. De F. Smith, '91, was a recent visitor at the 
college. 

The latest addition to the Freshman class is E. S. 
Lovejoy, of Augusta. 

Plaisted and Allen, '94, acted as battery for the 
Madison nine recently. 

Melody is dealt out in the chapel this year by a 
quartette, which is made up as follows: Lord, '94; 
Pennell, '92; May, '93; and Lazell, '92. 

The library force, this year, is composed of Cur- 
rier, Merrill, Flagg, '94, and Arnold, '93. 

Wilder, McArther, and Chapin form the trio which 
is taking Junior physics this year. 

Rev. J. S. Williamson, of Augusta, preached at 
the Congregational church last Sunday. 

It was a case of mistaken identity and every- 
body in the Biological division laughed, even Jenks 
himself. 

The students attended well the production of 
"Hands Across the Sea" at the Town Hall, Wednes- 
day. 

The Bowdoin quartette composed of Lord, Pen- 
nell, Dana, and Lazell, go to Portland, Thursday, 
October 22d, where they sing at the Y. M. C. A. Fair. 

Carleton and McArther, '93, acted as referee and 
umpire, respectively, at the Brunswick and Cony 
High School foot-ball game at Augusta last Saturday. 

Burpee, '87, Dunn, Spillane, Tolman, Sears, 
Webb, and Hutchinson, '90, were at the college last 
Friday to attend the initiations. 

The Topsham Fair is again upon us, and once 
more the inevitable Triangle allures the Freshmen to 
the races. The usual number of students attended 
and took in those wonderful sights which can only be 
seen at a county fair. 



The speculation is now on the question, "Where 
will our water supply come from in the winter?" 
Some say make the split a little stronger audit won't 
freeze. 

The Junior class in astronomy christened the new 
observatory last Monday, when Professor Hutchins 
pointed out the wonders of the sun as seen through 
the telescope. 

Bucknam, '93, French, Wiley, '95, and Stone, 
special, acted as judges at an athletic meeting at 
Norway last Saturday. Professor Whittier officiated 
as referee. 

Some of the Juniors have been wondering for 
some time to whom they are indebted for a very 
palatable box of grapes, which' they found on the 
stairs of the medical building recently. 

At last the delinquent in handing in themes is to 
receive his just deserts in the way of a punishment. 
For each and every oflfense he shall be deemed 
guilty of, he is obliged to write one extra theme. 

The latest innovation is the introduction of boots, 
shoes, and rubbers in the stock of Nichols and Haskell. 
It will not be long before some enterprising student 
will start a soda fountain and open an ice-cream 
parlor. 

"Turkey supper." Voices large and voices small, 
but all belonging to '94, announced, in the "wee 
sma' hours " of Mouday night, that the Sophomores 
had devoured a Thanksgiving bird. In the morning 
five or more baskets of leavings were gathered up in 
front of the chapel. 

The subjects for the themes due October 7, were 
as follows : Juniors — A Vacation Experience, Ath- 
letic Professorships for College Graduates, The 
Farmers' Alliance as a Political Factor ; Sopho- 
mores — The View from the Electric Light Station, 
Bowdoin's Athletic Outlook, a Hunting or Fishing 
Trip. 

The subjects for the themes due October 21st are 
as follows : Juniors — The English Naval Demon- 
stration at Metleyne, Advantages to the College of the 
Labrador Expedition, James Russell Lowell's " Bige- 
lovv Papers." Sophomores — The Recent Criticism 
of Bowdoin's Campus, Qualities Needed by a Success- 
ful Foot-ball Player, Describe your Favorite Charac- 
ter in Fiction. 

The college jury has been organized as follows : 
Linscott, '92, foreman ; Howard, '93, secretary ; Lom- 
bard, '94; Badger, '95; Wood, '92; T. C. Chapman, 
'94; Nichols, '94; Smith, '92 ; Rich, '92 ; Randall, 
'92. They are now ready to weigh the belligerent 
Sophomore in the scales of Justice with the utmost 
impartiality. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



143 



There was a time this fall when it was scarcely 
safe for any member of the college to venture outside 
the ends, for be he Senior or Freshman, he was quite 
liable to have the wrath of a pail of water descend 
upon his head. A Junior, of South Appleton, was 
particularly unfortunate one day, receiving the con- 
tents of two pails. The Sophomores are now more 
circumspect in their water throwing. 

A graduate of the college now returning scarcely 
recognizes where he is when he visits the different 
ends in the evening. The thorough system of incandes- 
cents which has been inaugurated here makes the 
halls one blaze of light from floor to attic. As yet 
the lights have not been put into the rooms, but the 
workmen are soon to accomplish this part of the job, 
and the " midnight oil " will soon be only a ti'adition, 
and counted with the stories of Longfellow's and 
•Hawthorne's day. 

The college reading-room is now a model of con- 
venience. It has this summer had a thorough treat- 
ment under Mr. Booker's trained crew of painters 
and paper-hangers, while the recent addition of 
electric lights add the finishing touch to its equip- 
ment. The papers have all been re-arr:inged, the 
dailies, weeklies, and illustrated weeklies being hung 
in different sections of the room. This is one of the 
most frequented places in college, and Bowdoin takes 
just pride in the improvement which has been made 
there. 

One of the interesting results of the Bowdoin- 
Labrador Expedition is a correspondence which has 
been begun between a '92 man of the party and a 
blushing Eskimau maid of Hopedale. The young 
lady addresses the recipient of the letter in the most 
endearing of terms, and tells how lonesome the place 
has been since the light of his sunny smile has de- 
parted from her wigwam. What admiiei-s the other 
members of the party gained in the Polar i-egions is 
yet to be learned, but a suit for breach of promise from 
some of those disappointed lasses would not be an 
altogether unexpected thing. 

Quite a party of theatrical enthusiasts went to 
Lewiston, recently, to witness the performance of the 
Soudan. In the party was a fair-haired Sophomore, 
who gained considerable distinction by appearing 
alone on the stage. It was between the acts, and 
after a fierce battle, during which one of the turbans 
of the soldiers had rolled in front of the curtains and 
near the foot-lights. The '94 man desired to take 
the trophy to himself, and stepping boldly from the 
box in which he had been sitting, waltzed across the 
stage amid the plaudits of the audience, and bore 
away in triumph the object of his desires. 



The tickets for the free lecture in the Ragan 
course went like "hot cakes," and of course the 
Town Hall was crowded. Everybody present ex- 
pressed themselves as greatly delighted with the 
lecturer and his lecture, and fully attested to their 
sincerity by the liberal maner in which they pur- 
chased tickets for the course. The lecture last Satur- 
day evening on " A Trip to Alaska" was a rare treat, 
and the wonders of that unexplored possession of the 
United States, were spoken of in a very entertaining 
manner by Mr. Ragan. That the course will be a 
success is an assured fact, and no doubt the depleted 
treasury of the Foot-Ball Association will assume a 
more healthy state. 

The neglect of respecting the old adage, "Look 
I before you leap," was plainly the cause of quite a 
I commotion in the reading-room recently. A Senior 
entered the room and gazed about for a comfortable 
chair in which to disporthiraself, while reading prob- 
ably one of L. W. S.'s articles in the Argus. 
Whether it was the article that was the cause or not 
is unknown, but true it is, that no sooner had he 
seated himself than a fearful crash announced that the 
force of gravity had been too strong to be overcome by 
so frail an object as a chair. Companions in misery 
are always acceptable and the Senior repaired the 
chair as best he could, awaiting the result. Soon a 
learned member of the Faculty entered, and selecting 
a paper advanced toward the ci'ippled chair. He 
viewed it with his mathematical eye, and all being 
seemingly secure, slowly lovvered himself into tiie 
seat. It is not known whether the professor had time 
to make observations on the laws of falling bodies or 
not, but he must have come to some conclusion as to 
how hard falling bodies strike the ground. 

The different societies held their initiations, Fri- 
day, October 9th. The initiates were as follows: 
Alpha Delta Phi — A. A. Badger, Farmington ; W. 
S. Kimball, Portland; J. G. W. Knowlton, Bath; C. 
E. V. Lord, Biddeford ; J. H. Roberts, Buffalo, N. 
Y. ; J. T. Shaw, Gorham ; F. O. Small, Madrid ; 
H. P. Small, Biddeford. Psi Upsilon — A. L. 
Churchill, Houlton ; Alfred Mitchell, Jr., Bruns- 
wick; R. T. Parker, Lebanon; W. R. Robinson, 
Kennebunk. Delta Kappa Epsilon — E. T. Boyd, 
Bangor; L. S. Dewey, Cooper; Thomas Doherty, 
Houlton ; H. L. Fairbanks, Bangor ; Hoyt Moore, 
Ellsworth; P. D. Stubbs, Strong; G. H. Wood, 
Bangor; C. S. Christie, St. Albans. Zeta Psi — 
G. U. Foster, Portland ; H. E. Holmes, Lewiston ; 
S. E. Pope, Gardiner; G. E. Simpson, New- 
castle; P. D. Smith, Waterbury, Conn. Theta 
Delta Chi — B. L. Bryant, Bethel ; H. J. Dud- 



144 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



ley, Pembroke ; F. L. Fessenden, Bridgton ; G. S. 
Kimball, South Waterford ; W. E. Leighton, Deer- 
ing; F. H. Mead, Brighton; A. H. Stetson, Bath; A. 
H. Wiley, Bethel; E. R. Woodbury, Deering; J. S. 
French, Norway; H. W. Thayer, Limington. 



« 

FOOT-BALL. 

The regular annual meeting of the foot-ball league 
occurred Wednesday, October 7th, at Boston. At 
this meeting Bowdoin was represented by E. B. 
Young, '92. After a long discussion the league voted 
to admit Stevens Institute into the league, and as 
five members was deemed too large a number, Bow- 
doin was dropped ostensibly on account of her poor 
showing last year and the distance from the other 
colleges. While some such event was not unlooked 
for by the management, the news created consider- 
able surprise among the students as well as much 
unfavorable criticism of the other members of the 
league. 

The daily practice taken by the men is leaving a 
noticeable effect upon their play, and the new men 
are fast getting accustomed to the game. The arrival 
and coaching of M. S. Haskell, who will assist in 
training the team, has also had a good effect on the 
men. The team will probably be chosen from the 
following: Bartlett, Cothren, Stacy, Swelt, Wilson, 
'92; Carleton, Payson, Ridley, Shay, '93; Ross, 
Stevens, Chapman, Thomas, Hinckley, '94; Fair- 
banks, Stone, Dewey, Kimball, Badger, '9.5. 

The first match of the season will be played 
against Exeter Academy at Exeter, October 14th. 
As Exeter recently allowed Harvard only seventeen 
points in a game, our team will have plenty of work 
if they win. Games have been arranged with Brown 
University and Harvard to be played October 17th 
and 24th, respectively. The first will be played at 
Portland, the latter at Cambridge. Games with 
Manual Training School, of Cambridge, Boston 
Athletic Association, and Tufts may also be arranged. 



The library of Williams College is now kept open 
from two until five every Sunday afternoon. This is 
a most excellent plan as it gives the student an 
opportunity to do good substantial reading at a time 
when they have the most leisure. The library at the 
University of Michigan is kept open on Sunday after- 
noons. 



'. @.^. 



The State Convention of the Young Men's Christian 
Associations is to meet in Bangor, October 29th to 
November 1st. The exercises will be held in the 
new building of the Bangor Association, and a cor- 
dial invitation has been received for the Bowdoin 
Association to send as many men as possible. The 
Convention is something which every one should be 
interested in, for it ofi'ers the opportunity for talking 
over the methods of work with the representatives 
of other colleges, and getting suggestions and help 
from the work that they are doing. All of Saturday 
afternoon and a part of Saturday evening will be 
given up to the college work. Cannot we have a 
large delegation go from Bowdoin, one, each man 
of whom shall be prepared, on his return, to give to 
the Association as much as possible of what the Con- 
vention was to him ? 

There have been some enquiries made concerning 
a class in Bible Study, and we take this opportunity 
of stating that there is to be such a class, similar to 
the one last year. It will be conducted by President 
Hyde. There was much interest manifested last 
year, and all who attended felt doubly repaid for the 
time expended in so doing. We know that there are 
many things to take one's attention, but when we 
stop to think how little time we give to the study of 
the Bible, compared with that put upon other books, 
we shall decide that none of our time will be more 
profitably spent than the one hour a week given to 
the Bible class, and the preparation for it. There 
are none of us who know too much about the Bible. 

But, just as it is in any other study, so it is in this. 
It is important to be present at all the meetings to get 
the full benefit of the class. While any one will get 
much out of the fragments which would be gathered 
from attendance now and then, yet it will be nothing- 
compared with what might be derived from regular 
attendance. We drop this word now so that all may 
be prepared to make the most of the opportunity 
which is given them. 

There is a criticism which can very justly be 
made in regard to the Association meetings, and one 
which can be met only in one way. Evidently there 
are too many of those who ought to be active, who go 
to the meetings expecting to learn about the subject 
after getting there. It is all very well to be willing 
to learn, but in such a place where all are working 
for the same object — we should also be willing to 
give the benefit of our thought on the topic to others. 
But that is impossible unless we have thoughts about 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



145 



the topic. It would take but very little time to make 
some preparation. If it can be done in no other way 
it might be done by making the subject of the next 
meeting our Bible reading for some one day. This 
would add immensely to the interest in the meeting. 




'53.— Hon. Melville W. Fuller, U. S. 
Chief Justice, was at Harvard's last Com- 
mencement, given the title of LL.D. by 
that institution. 
'54. — Franklin A. Wilson, Esq., of Bangor, has 
been elected a director of the Bangor Second National 
Bank, to fill the position caused by the death of the 
late Hon. Hannibal Hamlin. Mr. Wilson has, by 
his integrity and uprightness as a prominent lawyer 
of Bangor, fully demonstrated his aptitude for this 
position. 

'73. — A. E. Herrick is the senior partner of the 
law firm of Herrick & Park of Bethel, Maine. 

'76. — J. A. Roberts is book-keeper for C. B. 
Cummings & Sons, wholesale grain and lumber 
dealers in Norway, Maine. 

'77. — E. A. Scribner has removed from Elizabeth- 
poi-t, N. J., to Boonville, N. J., in which place he 
will continue his manufacturing business. 

'85. — Frank I. Brown, Medical School, '91, is 
assistant surgeon in the Maine General Hospital in 
Portland. 

'86. — Levi Turner has recently been blest with an 
addition to his family. It is a daughter. 

'88. — H. C. Hill has recently given up his situa- 
tion at the Rockingham House, Portsmouth, N. H., 
and is at his home in Portland, being treated for his 
eyes by Dr. Holt. 

'89. — The evening school opened Monday even- 
ing. Mr. F. J. C. Little is the principal. Mr. Lit- 
tle is at present studying law in the office of Heath 
& Tuell, is a graduate of Bowdoin College, and has 
had considerable experience in teaching. In Mr. 
Little a good instructor has been secured for prin- 
cipal. — Kennebec Journal, Oct. 7,1891. 

'89.— Married in North Conway, N. H., Sept. 29, 
by Rev. R. Henry Davis, Thomas S. Crocker, Esq., 
of Paris, Maine, and Miss Rosa L. Pratt, of Boston. 



'89. — James L. Doherty will soon open a law 
office in either Oldtovvn or Bangor. 

'89. — Wallace S. Elden has resumed his course of 
study at Johns Hopkins. 

'89. — John M. Phelan is in the Transportation 
Office of James Mathews, 22 State Street, New York 

City. 

'89. — G. L. Rogers has recently been admitted to 
the bar, and leaves this week for Tacoma, Washing- 
ton, where he is to practice his profession. 

'90. — Aretas E. Stearns is studying law at Nor- 
way, Maine, with his uncle, S. S. Stearns, Bowdoin, 

'79. 

'91. — At the Franklin County Teachers' Conven- 
tion held in Farmington, October 1st, 2d, and 3d, a 
very interesting paper on " Literature in Our Public 
Schools " was presented by T. R. Croswell, principal 
of Wilton Academy. At the business meeting of the 
association W. G. Mallett, of the Farmington Nor- 
mal School, was elected a member of the executive 
committee. 

'91. — L. A. Burleigh, who is studying law at 
Harvard, has been chosen one of the first tenors on 
the Harvard Glee Club. 




THE WAYWARD MUSE. 
I wish I hadn't a Muse, oh, dear! 

It's the most proToking thing. 
For she's always taking the very worst times 

For trying to make me sing. 

She keeps me awake in the dead of night 

To scratch some bit of a rhyme. 
And then in a spite, she'll desert me quite 

For several weeks at a time. 

And when the editor wants a line 

It's just as bad or worse. 
And I shrug my shoulders and have to decline 

For want of a Muse and a verse. 

So I wish I hadn't a Muse, I say, 

It's the most provoking thing. 
She's always here when I want her away, 

And away when I want to sing. 

— Williams Weekly. 



146 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



The Palo Alto, in reality, is hardly anything but 
an account of the opening exercises, the address of 
the founder, and of its new president. It contains 
none of the features common to college journals in 
general. However, it has our best wishes that it 
will soon become a full-fledged, lusty-grown young- 
ster among college journals. 

A SISTER TO ME. 
" Sweet maiden, ere I knew you, 

I loved you long," I cried. 
" I'll be a sister to you," 

This cruel maid replied. 

I saw my chance and kissed her 
Full many times — " My sister 

Cannot object," I whisper; 
And now she is my bride. 

Another delinquent has at last found us. The 
Trinity Tablet, which for the past few months has 
absented itself, at last has re-appeared. It is a fine, 
large magazine, with broad margins and the best of 
paper, altogether it makes a very neat and attractive 
appearance. 

HOW JOVE WON JUNO. 
" Fair ' ox-eyed ' Juno, be my wife, 

Says Jove in mystic story ; 
" We'll live a happy and godly life 
On Elysian heights of glory ! " 

" Ah Jove, you're jovial," laughed she, 
" But why for me be crazy ? " 

" Because you're the flower of heaven " cried he, 
"You're a little ox-eyed daisy ! " 

— Brunonlan. 

What is the news in the colleges? 

Well 

The present entering class at the medical school 
is the last which will have the option of taking a 
three years' course. All subsequent classes must 
take the four years' course. — Harvard Crimson. 

Three-fourths of the national colleges founded in 
the last twenty years are south of the Mason and 
Dixon line. — Ex. 

The college exchanges are full of atheletic news. 
Foot-ball, tennis, base-ball, etc., fill page after page; 
but poor Bowdoin, with no tennis tournament, no 
full base-ball club, and out of the New England 
League, seems literally "out of sight." And 
amid all this, we can not help feeling that Bovv- 
doin's sphere in athletics is here in Maine. Her 
great efforts should be to make her base-ball team 
triumphant in Maine ; she should endeavor to build 
up a Maine Inter-Collegate Foot-Ball League, also a 
State Tennis Tournament and a Field-Day. In this 
way she would make herself felt where it is of great- 



est importance she should, that is, in the place and 
State from which she draws her students. If tri- 
umphant here then it will be time to send them into 
other states to win her glory and renown ; then she — 
but our pen has run almost away. Let us return to 
the beaten path. 

The newly inaugurated policy of the Yale Glee 
and Banjo Clubs provides that in the future the pro- 
ceeds of the club's concerts — after a reserve fund for 
the club's use has been set aside — shall be expended 
for the benefit of needy students — $500 being set 
aside annually for this jsurpose. All the profits be- 
yond this will be invested in a general relief fund. 
When this fund reaches $5,000, the interest will be 
expended on some worthy object connected with the 
university under the direction of the Glee Club 
officers and two members of the faculty. 

It is stated that eighty per cent, of all men who 
have been editors of college papers have followed 
journalism as a profession. 

Two hundred and four of the three hundred and 
sixty-live colleges in the United States are co-educa- 
tional. 

The Italian government has ordered English to 
be added to the courses of all the colleges. 

Princeton Seniors will wear the cap and gown 
throughout the year. 

At Olivet, students are not allowed to enter any 
field-day sport unless their scholarship average is 80 
per cent. 

The Stanford University at Palo Alto, Cal., was 
opened on October 1st, with appropriate ceremonies. 

Last year Harvard's class orator was a negro, 
this year, a Japanese. 

The Yale eleven promises to be a winning one 
this season. Harvard's outlook is not so good as 
last year, and Princeton's is much worse. 

THE SECRET OF SUCCESS. 
" How doth the little busy bee 
Improve each shining hour; 
And gather honey all the day 
From every opening flower ? " 

It's largely done by industry, 

By hustling round the earth, 
And working everything that's green 
For all the thing is worth.— i?.i;. 

Not very many of the exchanges have arrived, 
but many ai-e on the road, we suppose, and will soon 
appear, bidding us a hearty welcome. The Cadet 
has thrown aside its flowery paraphernalia of last 
year and now appears in sombre black, very much 
moi-e becoming and far more appropriate for a col- 
lege paper. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, OCTOBER 28, 1891. No. 8. 



Vol. XXI. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 

PUBLISHED EVERT ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY DURING 
THE COLLEGIATE TEAR BT THE STUDENTS OF 

BOWDOIN COLLEGK. 

EDITORIAL BOARD. 

E. A. PuGSLET, '92, Managing Editor. 
J. C. Hull, '92, Assistant Managing Editor. 

H. C. Fabtan, '93, :^usiness Manager. 
F. V. GuMMER, '92. M:. S. Clifford, '93- 

J. B. F. HoDGDON, '92. C. W. Peabodt, '93. 

H. W. Kimball, '92. H. E. Andrews, '94. 

F. W. PiCKARD, '94. 

Per annum, in adt^auce, $2.00' 

Single Copies, 15 Cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Editor. 

Ilemittances should be made to the Business Editor. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contiibutions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature whicli 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Rhyme and Ueason Department should be 
sent to Box 951, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal notes should be sent to Box 950, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post-Offlce at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 
CONTENTS. 

Vol. XXI., No. 8.— October 28, 1891. 

Editorial Notes 147 

Miscellaneous : 

A School Lyceum, 149 

The Labrador Expedition (Continued), .... 150 

The Career of Wm. E. Gladstone, 152 

Sunday Library 153 

Foot-Ball Advertising, 153 

Ehtme and Reason : 

From Legend to Dream, 154 

With Burns, I54 

Solved , 154 

AVhether, I54 

CoLLEGii Tabula, 154 

Athletics, . '. 156 

Personal, 158 

In Memoriam, I59 

College World, 159 




It is hoped that there will be more con- 
tributors to the Orient, among the students, 
during the remainder of tlie year than there 
have been during that which has elapsed. 
Thus far scarcely au article has been received 
from any of the students outside of the 
Board of Editors. If this condition of affairs 
should continue it will be a difficult matter 
to select men for positions on the paper next 
year. If any one is looking for a place among 
the editors of the next volume, now is an 
excellent time to send in some of the matter 
on which claims to an election ma}^ be based. 
We should like to have articles from Juniors, 
Sophomores, and Freshmen alike. Take hold 
of any of the subjects of college-life, and give 
your views concerning them. There are 
enough and to spare of such subjects, and 
each man is thinking a little differently on 
every one of them. Let us have a free and 
logical interchange of ideas with one another 
concerning these, with the Orient as the 
medium of exchange, thereby elevating the 
plane of college thought, and rendering the 
columns of the Orient fresher and more 
readable to its many friends outside the col- 
lege. This appeal for more contiibutions 
should not be lightly dismissed by the stu- 
dent-body. It is not made in behalf of the 
editors, but rather in behalf of the col- 



148 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



lege and its interests. These interests will 
prosper according as all connected with the 
college sustain them, as well with their pens 
as with their voices and muscles. 



0UR Personal editor promised in a circu- 
lar sent to many of the alumni, last 
spring, to make that department one of the 
important features of the Orient, and asked 
the graduates of the college to assist him in 
that undertaking. For a few months those 
appealed to seemed to take a lively interest 
in their column, and contributions were fre- 
quent. At present that interest seems to 
have died out, and the contributions have 
become less and less frequent, so that it is 
almost impossible to keep up the column as 
it should be. The person having charge o£ 
this department considers himself not only an 
editor but more especially an agent of the 
alumni, and tiys to work for their interest by 
keeping them informed concerning the where- 
abouts and the business of their former col- 
lege-mates. We would suggest tliat the 
alumni consider the personal column tlieir 
special property, and we would be ver}^ glad 
to receive from them any items of interest, 
which they may happen to possess con- 
cerning any alumnus of the college. The 
more such items we receive the more 
interesting the department will become. 
The co-opeiatiou of our alumni is necessary 
to make this department what it sliould be. 
As a special favor to the personal editor we 
would request that all communications for 
the column be addressed to Post-Office Box 
950, Brunswick, Me. 



'U WRITER in the miscellaneous column 
I ^ advocates a more thorough advertising of 
our foot-ball games, which take place in 
Portland. We believe that the last game was 
pretty well advertised, but still the company 
present was small. We have come to the 
conclusion that hereafter our games had better 



be played at Brunswick. We should make just 
as much out of the games, all things consid- 
ered, and the students would be much better 
pleased if they could see the games without 
the added expense of going to Portland. 
What is the opinion of the men of the college 
on this point? 



0WING to a series of mishaps at the print- 
er's office the last issue of the Orient 
was greatly delayed. We hope to be for- 
given for the non-appearance of the paper on 
the date when it should have been sent out. 



TyjE GIVE, in the miscellaneous articles, 
■*^ a communication concerning the open- 
ing of the library on Sundays. Has any one 
else anything to say on the subject ? The col- 
umns of the Orient are open to all parties 
for tlie discussion of the subject. 



"TkOES it pay to teach while in college ? 
'^ This is a question which we have of late 
been considering with some interest, and we 
have come to the conclusion that it does not. 
By this we mean that the money obtained 
from teaching a term of school does not 
recompense the student for the loss he sus- 
tains by being obliged to absent himself from 
his college studies. The man who comes to 
college and is compelled to be out one-third 
of his time — as he must if he teaches a term 
of school each year — loses, in our opinion, 
fully ('.^I'-half the benefits of an entire and 
unbroken course. Without doubt this " half 
a course," if we may be allowed to so style 
it, is far better than none at all ; but inas- 
much as a four years' work in college comes 
to a man but once in a life-time, does the stu- 
dent, we would ask, do justice to himself in not 
enjoying tlie full benefits of what he is here 
for, and for what he must pa3', whether pres- 
ent the whole time or only a part of it ? 

ft is often said that he who intends to 
teach after graduation ought to gain some 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



149 



experience by so doing while in college. 
Experience, of course, amounts to a great 
deal in securing a school; but, as a rule, who 
makes the better teacher, the man with the 
experience or the man with the knowledge ? 
Knowledge without experience is one thing, 
but experience without knowledge quite an- 
other. What does it avail one to know how 
to teach, if he does not know ^ohat to teach? 
In these few remarks we have not meant 
to say anything which might ten4 to dis- 
courage one from striving for a college edu- 
cation. Come to college at any rate ; teach 
if you must, but if in any way you can get 
along without it, do so by all means. 



ypHAT there is chance for improvement in 
A our so-called club system of obtaining 
board, no one will deny. It seems stiange 
and hardly to be accredited that the cost of 
table-board in Brunswick should be any more 
than in either of the other college towns of our 
State; yet so it is. In those towns the stu- 
dents obtain board for nearly a dollar a week 
less than it costs us ; and from what we have 
seen and heard, we cannot but believe that 
they fare fully as well as we. This difference 
in the cost of living is quite an item in one's 
yearly expenses, and to the prospective stu- 
dent of little means is often a decisive factor 
in determining •which of the Maine colleges 
he will enter. If it be born in inind that the 
additidiial expense of obtaining an education 
at Bowdoin over what it costs to go through 
Colby or Bates is due to this difference in 
the price of board, it will readily be seen how 
important it is that our club system should 
be thorouglily overhauled and the defect 
remedied if possible. One important ele- 
ment, causing tiie price of board here to be 
highei' than elsewhere, is that prices of pro- 
visions seem to be higher in Brunswick than in 
Lewiston or Waterville. We can see no reason 
why this should be ; yet, since such is the case, 
the only way out of the difficulty is to let the 



stewards of the different clubs combine and 
purcliase all supplies in Portland. We are 
certain that beneficent results would follow. 

But what we tiiink wonld be the best 
plan of all, provided that we had a suitable 
building, would be a system similar to the 
Memorial Hall system, of Harvard. Then 
all the buying of supplies would be left in ihe 
hands of some single peison — one who had, 
perhaps, had experience in acting in the same 
capacit}' for some hotel. 

This whole question is a subject which 
will well repay investigation and the Orient 
will be glad to hear the views of the stu- 
dents in regard to the matter. 



?i|,©eIIar^eoGi§. 



A School Lyceum. 

MANY will be interested in a new step 
which The Youth's Companion has taken. 
The piiper proposes to revive as an institution 
the old debating society, which used to be so 
great a force in making men intelligent citi- 
zens, and in developing broad national leaders. 

The plan proposed is an organization of 
national reach, called the Lyceum League of 
America. It is to "consist of a system of 
local lyceums, or clubs, connected with each 
otiier through a newly created lyceum de- 
partment in The Youth's Companion. The 
lyceum department grants all charters, and 
accepts the care of the movement. With 
each charter it furnishes free an equipment, 
consisting of " Cusliing's Manual," secretary's 
book, and other needful helps. It suggests 
topics for discussion, and gives aid in their 
study. 

An important part of this aid is a care- 
fully chosen list of books on American prob- 
lems, which it places within the reach of 
clubs. Among the books are Bryce's " Amer- 
ican Commonwealth," Fiske's "Civil Gov- 
ernment," the " American Statesman " series, 



150 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Professor Ely's books, etc. There are also 
books for younger readers. 

The aim of this undertaking is to train 
young men to vote intelligently on the great 
problems of American life, and to impress 
them with the duties of citizenship. The 
work is to be above all paitisanship. It is to 
be American in the broadest sense. It aims 
to give practical direction to the patriotic 
entlmsiasm which the general school-flag move- 
ment has awakened — a movement inaugu- 
rated by the same paper. Incidental benefit 
will be pailiamentaiy training and learning 
how to think on one's feet. 

This plwn has been in process of elabora- 
tion for more than a year, we are informed. 
It has already the endorsement of leading 
educators as a practical and timely scheme, 
for which there is room in every school where 
there are boys or young men. 



The Labrador Expedition. 

(Continued.) 

0N THE day the men separated at the head 
of Lake Waminipago, the advancing party 
went ahead twenty miles, and encamped 
while the two men returning made good prog- 
ress down the stream, being provisioned for 
six days and having one of the boats. 

Not finding any indications of the falls 
near their place of encampment, although 
this was close to the locality where they 
were said to be, Messrs. Carj' and Cole were 
confronted with a new question. How far 
were they from the falls, and had they still 
sufficient supplies and strength to reach them ? 
Nothing daunted, however, by the unknown 
distance to the falls and the possible failure 
of supplies, they pushed on twenty-five miles 
further during the next day. At the end of 
this day's journey it was found that no further 
advance could be made in the boat, as the cur- 
rent had become too strong to be overcome with 
the oars. Encamping for the night, on the next 



morning the boats and extra provisions were 
cached, and with six days' supplies in packs, 
and urged on by the fact that the current of 
the river ever grew swifter, the two men 
started out to locate the falls, if this were 
possible. The tramp thus begun was to test J 
the metal of tlie men to the utmost, for it ■ 
really ended only when the last weary mile 
was completed, and the two men found them- 
selves once more at the mouth of the river. 
As they took tlieir way onward up the river 
they soon found it necessary to ascend to tlie 
plateau, through which the river was found 
to have worn a deep channel. On this 
plateau to the north an elevation was ob- 
served, and towards it the course was 
directed. The summit being reached a fine 
view of the country was obtained, and a large 
lake noticed far to the north from which it 
was thouglit the river flowed. Nearer a chain 
of ponds were seen, but no trace of the falls. 
The elevation was named Mt. Hyde, in honor 
of Bowdoin's President, and the men urged 
on by the black flies, which were found even 
here in myriads, descended and sought the 
river bank where they encamped. 

On the succeeding day the course of the 
river was followed to its upper fork. The main 
river here takes a sharp turn from the north- 
east to the northwest as one goes up the 
stream, and after a few miles passes into a 
deep gorge whose precipitous walls are from 
600 to 800 feet high. This gorge gave 
courage to the men, for it was an indication 
that the falls were near, and that they were 
not far from the end of the upward course. 
The men journeyed on and encamped that 
night awaj' from the river for the first time. ■ 
The men knew that the next day would be the 
last on which an advance coidd be made as pro- 
visions were running low, and strength and 
clothing were giving out. In the morning 
the search was begun again with vigor and 
determination. On the way to a hill seen in | 
the distance a I'oar was noticed, differing 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



151 



from that made by rapids. As the men 
went on it became more distinct, but still did 
not indicate a very near approach to its 
locality by the explorers. At length the 
men turned their course to the bank of the 
river, and in a short time came out upon it. 
Then it was discovered that they were at the 
water level, and that the falls must be below 
them. On looking down the stream they 
were seen smoking about a mile below. The 
weary men moved rapidly down the bank and 
at 11.45 A.M., August 12th, the Grand Falls 
were first seen by white men. 

The remainder of the day and the fore- 
noon of the next were spent in examining, 
surveying, and photographing the falls, and 
in exploring the river for four or five miles 
above them. It was found that the river 
descends rapidly for several miles above the 
falls, rushing along with great velocity until 
it reaches them, when it plunges down into a 
deep gorge, falling about two hundred feet 
perpendiculaily. The river then turning 
from a southerl}' to an easterly direction, 
passes along the gorge for about twenty-five 
miles, as was later discovered, until it emerges 
at tlie point where the men left the river's 
bank, and climbed to the plateau, on the 
upward journey. The walls of the gorge 
were later found to rise so abruptly from the 
water that, with one or two exceptions, it was 
impossible to get down to the water's edge 
througliout the length of the passage. At 
the lower end of the gorge these walls were 
determined to be from 600 to 800 feet high. 
The rock through which the channel extends 
was found to be the Archean, thus rendering 
it one of the most notable illustrations of 
water erosion in the world. 

At noon, on the next day after the discov- 
eiy, the height and width of the falls having 
been carefully noted, the latter being found 
to be about fifty yards, though the width of 
the river just above the falls is five times that 
distance, the explorers started on the return, 



following the course of the river, and making 
surveys at intervals. Late in the afternoon 
of the next day, as the travelers approached 
the place where the boat and provisions had 
been left, a smoke was observed. Hastening 
as fast as possible, on arriving at the spot 
it was found that fire had reached and con- 
sumed the boat and nearly all the provisions. 
The position of the men at this point was 
certainl3' not veiy pleasant for them to con- 
template, being as they were a long distance 
from any point where they had left supplies, 
and three hundred miles from the mouth of 
the river. But nothing in their diaries in- 
dicates that they lost their courage or 
their heads for a moment. Growing stronger 
as the difficulties of their position increased, 
they at once set about gathering up what of 
the provisions remained. These consisted of 
three quarts of mixed meal, burnt flour, and 
burnt rice, some tea, one can of dried tongue, 
and one can of baked beans. These pro- 
visions, together with one quart of rice 
brought back from the falls, constituted their 
store of food for the march, which must 
now be made to the next station, where sup- 
plies hiid been left one hundred and fifty 
miles away. The men also collected and 
packed up the remains of the ammunition, 
and other useful things, providing for all 
emergencies as far as possible. Fitted out 
with the above mentioned provisions, 
twentj'-five cartridges, three dozen matches, 
blankets, and a few other articles in their 
packs on the return from the falls, and armed 
with a revolver Mr. Gary and Mr. Cole im- 
mediately started down the river, covering 
six miles before encamping for the night. 
On the next day the journey was resumed, 
and while the provisions with which they 
started out were carefully husbanded, still 
several trout being caught two good meals 
were eaten. These two meals were the last 
full ones that were eaten for a week. 
(To be continued.) 



152 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



The Career of Wm. E. Gladstone. 

'D'T THE age of eighty-one, an age long 
1^ before which most men are glad to retire 
from busy life and to seek the repose befit- 
ting declining years, William Ewart Glad- 
stone is the most vigorous, hard working, in- 
tellectually active man in Europe. From the 
time of his entry into parliament, in 1832, 
down to the present day, his untiring indus- 
try, his tenacious perseverance, his wonderful 
endurance, and inclination for work, have 
won for him a fame which is the emulation 
of the human race. 

Although Mr. Gladstone is not a self- 
made raan, yet he never abused his good fort- 
une — being favored as he was with wealthy 
parentage — nor allowed his means to stimu- 
late the idea that through liches he would 
rise to fame and renown. 

To detail the life of a man like Mr. Glad- 
stone would require volumes; to touch briefly 
the most striking features of his noble and 
useful life is our mission. 

Graduating at Oxford with the highest 
honors, he at once entered into the active 
duties of life, and for more than half a cent- 
ury he has been deeply immersed in public 
affairs, and to-day is, by all odds, the most 
eminent and conspicuous of English statesmen. 
He began life "astern and unbending Tory"; 
he will end it as an advanced radical, zealous 
in reform, and earnestly striving to hasten 
the day when the downtrodden and oppressed 
people of Ireland shall have become a happy, 
growing, and prosperous nation. The doct- 
rine that he has so often preached and incul- 
cated, "that the concession of self-govern- 
ment is not the way to sap or impair, but the 
way to strengthen and consolidate unity," 
must and will be realized. 

As a statesman he is, without doubt, the 
greatest financier, the staunchest adherent 
to broad reforms, the most indefatigable ad- 
ministrator, the most skillful party leader, 



and the most effective and impressive debater 
in England. 

But Mr. Gladstone's genius is not con- 
fined to the political field in which he has 
gained such marked distinction and illus- 
trious renown. He is an author, and his 
productions are written with such force and 
precision, and such versatilitj^ of genius, that 
had he never entered the political field he 
would have won high rank in English litera- 
ture. Not only do we read Shakespeare, but 
we study it. So deep and profound are his 
ideas that mere reading does not disclose to 
us the finer shades of meaning which are 
revealed only by careful study. This is 
equally true of Gladstone. His recent con- 
tributions to the North American Review 
seemed, to a superficial reader, dull and un- 
interesting, while study shows them to be 
replete with meaning. Learned in the classics, 
being a great admirer of Homer, profoundly 
interested in theology, sympathetic with the 
great scientific and intellectual movements of 
the day, his resources of language and 
thought seem inexhaustible. 

His deep love and profound admira- 
tion for gospel truth well illustrate the 
stronger and nobler elements of his nature. 
To advance the Christian religion, to spread 
abroad the true doctrine of the Christ, to have 
men "learn the luxury of doing good," is his 
highest ambition. Gladstone's great personal 
influence is derived not more from his re- 
markable intellectual endowments, and his 
surprisingly various talents than from bis high 
sense of right and justice, and his sincerity 
in the cause he espouses. 

As a philanthropist, his home rule bill 
places him among the greatest benefactors 
the world has ever known, for there is some- 
thing intensely humane in the philanthropy 
which will drive the wolf from the door of 
more than five million people. 

Mr. Gladstone is worthy of the admira- 
tion of mankind for his wonderful mental 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



153 



capacities, and his lemaikable achievements; 
of their reverence, for his pure sincerity ; 
and of their love and affection, for his noble 
moral character, and his championship of the 
cause of liberty and'progress. 



Sunday Library. 
'D' GREAT innovation has been made this 
I*- year in lighting the libi-ary and opening 
it a few hours in the evening. This cannot 
fail to be very beneficial, as it is well patron- 
ized evenings. However, would it not be a 
good idea to carry the innovation fuither, 
and give the students a chance to read in the 
libraiy an hour or two on Sunday? Man}' 
of the students have allied themselves with 
the Christian organizations, both in the college 
and the town, and are taking great interest 
in Christian work. Such persons, we feel 
sure, would greatly appreciate a more ex- 
tended opportunity to prosecute their studies 
in this line during the Sunday afternoon 
hours before chapel. Those who take part 
in the meetings of the Y. M. C. A. would 
doubtless enjoy the privilege of more ex- 
tended study upon the topic of the day than 
it is possible to obtain from a few books 
which they may have in their rooms. This 
study will, of course, lend more vim and 
interest to the meeting, and draw in more of 
the non-Christian poj)ulation of the college, 
and would, in this way, contriliute much 
to our moral and spiritual welfare. The 
same may be said of those who ai'e connected 
with the Young People's Societies in the 
town. 

Aside from the religious influence and 
benefit thus obtained there are several stu- 
dents who would, if possible, go into the 
library Sunday for a few hours of quiet 
reading instead of, as too many of us do 
now, sitting in close rooms full of tobacco 
smoke, thinking of tlie interminable length and 
weariness of Sunday. The privilege of an 



hour or two in the library during the Sunday 
afternoons of the coming winter could not 
fail to be beneficial, and would be highly 
appreciated by us all. 



Foot -Ball Advertising. 

TTUCH surprise was expressed at the game 
J^-*- with Brown in Portland that there was 
no larger crowd present. It is not such a 
•wonderfuil}' surprising thing when we con- 
sider that, in Maine, foot-ball is a compara- 
tively new game and needs to be brought be- 
fore the public more in the daily pajjers before 
we can draw such large crowds in Portland 
as we wish. Each game should be thoroughl}'' 
advertised by posters in all public places and 
on the horse-cars. Again, the game should 
be tiioroughly advertised in tlie daily papers 
at least three or four days beforehand, and 
on the morning of the game short articles 
concerning the players of eacii team should 
find their way into the cit}^ papers. Many 
of us seem to think that money spent in 
advertising is simply so much thrown away. 
What a mistaken idea! If a merchant has 
a stock of goods for sale, how can he sell 
them without informing the public that he 
lias such a stock ? Likewise, how can we 
draw a crowd to a foot-ball game in Poitland 
without making them cognizant of the fact 
that tlrere is to be a foot-ball game ? The 
crowd at the last game was half students, 
so that the game brought us very little more 
than it would in Brunswick. 

In the opinion of the writer, judicious 
advertising will draw such a crowd to the 
Portland grounds that games there may be 
made profitable, and a lack of such advertising 
will make our Portland games a losing in- 
vestment. Every cent invested for this pur- 
pose will multiply the profits of the game. 
Advertise ! Let us advertise our goods and 
we shall find a ready sale. 



154 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



— • — 
From Legend to Dream. 

Clear, clear burns my fire of birchwood to-night, 
Clear, clear, as Time takes his upward flight; 
Though outside the tempest rages. 
By my fire 'tis comfort indeed. 
Turning slowly these mythical pages. 
The legends of heroes to read. 

Slow, slow sinks the flame-breathing embers to sleep ; 
Slow, slow the clock hand toils up the steep. 
Till a shadow my legend enhances, 

A mist o'er the printed signs ; 
And I multiply wonderful fancies, 
Reading between the lines. 

Late, late, while the flame flickers faintly away ; 
Late, late, till midnight heralds day ; 
Then into a dreamland gliding, 
I reck not of earthly things. 
And sleep falls folding and hiding 
My page in its dream-colored wings. 



With Burns. 

I dream of Burn's bright Scottish lasses, 
Their sparkling eyes of bonny blue. 
Of moonlit strolls o'er brae and heather. 
With many a trusted friend and true. 

I hear the joyous voices rising 
From 'round their ingle's cheery flame. 
And sounds of merry laughter telling 
The frolic of some rural game. 

I hear svveet songs of nature breathing 
Amid a life of poverty and care. 
And bursts of noble feeling showing 
The truest heart of manhood there. 

And so, if I'm despondent, doubting, 
Whate'er I do, where'er I turn, 
I find the cheeriest comfort waiting 
Within the hearty songs of Burns. 



Solved. 

Sour ci'itics may slander old Bowdoin's fair fame ; 

That herein she leads we maintain : 
Years ago her wild Sophomores discovered a thing 

Which men are now seeking again, 
And that is the art of producing at will, 

Artificially, much-needed rain. 



Whether. 

Whether we sit in our easy-chair. 

And think what a pleasure it is to roam, 

Or whether we travel in distant lands. 

And wistfully turn back our thoughts toward home ; 

Whether we join in the mazy dance. 

And think of some maiden of rustic air. 

Or whether with her we are chatting, the while 

Whom to take to the ball is our mind's dearest care ; 

Whether o'erweighed with the toils of the day. 
We eagerly yearn for night's rest and repose. 
Or whether at night we roll over and dream 
Of the labors of day, of its cares and it woes ; 

Whether in youth, with the tinder of hope. 
For the boon of the future we anxiously burn, 
Or whether in age, with the fading of hair. 
We mournfully wish that our youth would return ; 

Or whether a thousand such follies as these, — 
We're never content on the present to look. 
But having one atom of pleasure our own, 
We drop it to snatch at its shade in the brook. 




5f^Ui 




s^'^t^ 



Sykes, '94, has returned 
to college. 
Gately, '92, has resumed his studies 
at college. 

J. B. Pendleton, '90, has been mak- 
ing a visit at the college recently. 
Stacy, '93, is now out teaching, but is expected to 
return to college in November. 

W. W. Thomas, '94, and McArthur, '93, accom- 
panied the foot-ball team to Providence last Saturday. 
A. L. Hersey, '92, now spends his spare moments 
in exercising a gallant steed, which he keeps at one 
of the down town stables. 

The college church is receiving an extension 
which has long been contemplated. The improve- 
ments are to cost about $5,000. 

Payson, '93, who was injured at Exeter in the 
foot-ball game, is fast improving, but will probably 
not be able to return for some time. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



155 



The Grange Fair at Bath is now the attraction 
which allures the Bowdoin gallant. 

A question which '93 will have to agitate soon, 
is : " Shall we have a dancing school ? " 

The Bowdoin quai'tette, composed nf Lord, Pen- 
nell, Dana, and Lazell delighted Portland people at 
the Y. M. C. A. Fair held there last Thursday. 

Improvement follows improvement thick and fast 
at the college now. The latest one to be chronicled is 
the building of new stands upon which the "split" 
barrels are placed. 

Rev. Robert Thompson, of the European Turkey 
mission, preached at the Congregationalist church 
last Sabbath, in the afternoon delivering an address 
at the college chapel exercises. 

Lazell, Parcher, '92, Jenks, and Hussey, '93, 
made a journey to Bath recently, going via the 
Androscoggin in canoes. They bring back the 
report that the Shipping City is a most delightful 
place to visit. 

Recent discoveries have been made showing that 
Professor Hutchins is of the opinion that those who 
wish to indulge themselves with chewing tobacco 
will find the air outside his recitation room much 
more congenial. 

Professor Lee proposes soon to prepare slides for 
his lantern for the purposes of the class-room. By 
their aid he will be enabled to explain to his classes 
to better advantage the difficulties which beset a 
biological course. 

Professor Robinson delivered a lecture on " Health 
in the School" before the Cumberland County Educa- 
tional Society at Gorham, Wednesday, October 28th, 
and also spoke Tuesday before the State Board of 
Health in Portland. 

At a meeting of the Bowdoin Boating Association 
held Wednesday, October 21st, the following officers 
were elected : Commodore, Nichols, '92 ; vice-commo- 
dore, Carleton, '93; secretary, Bagley, '9-4; treasurer, 
Professor Moody; directors, J. D. Merriraan, '92, 
Machan, '93, Dana, '94. 

One cannot fail on a visit to North Maine to be 
struck by the artistic frescoing and painting with 
which the walls of the hallway are adorned. The 
artists were evidently not Michael Angelos or 
Raphaels, but, nevertheless, the paintings will doubt- 
less serve their purpose. 

The career of wantonness of the Sophs, came to 
an abrupt end last week, when those supposed to be 
the more enthusiastic in the cause of suppressing the 
insuppressible Freshman, were summoned to an 
interview with the President. The result of the 



meeting was that the upholders of Sophomore dignity 
made solemn promises to uphold it no longer, so that 
the college is now bathed in the sunshine of peace. 

A number of the Maine papers have been circu- 
lating the report that another Bowdoin Labrador 
expedition was already being planned for next year. 
The papers seem to be better acquainted with the 
facts than anybody else, for nothing is known of 
such a movement at the college. 

Professor G. T. Little at the meeting of the Associa- 
tion of American Librarians at San Francisco, recently, 
was chosen secretary. Professor Little is thoroughly 
acquainted with all that pertains to libraries and his 
knowledge is displayed most strikingly in his con- 
venient arrangement of our own library. 

The subjects for the themes due November 4th 
are as follows : Juniors — The Life Work of Parnell, 
Artificial Rain Making, Benefits Derived from Open- 
ing the Library Evenings ; Sophomores — Influence 
of Letter Writing on Literary Style, Does a Student's 
Standing Indicate his Ability? The Benefits of Foreign 
Travel. 

Not only is this an age of reform in college, but 
one of examinations. Last Saturday the Sophomores 
were treated to a thorough test of what they knew in 
Rhetoric ; on Monday the Juniors displayed their 
knowledge of Chemistry, and, on Tuesday, the Sen- 
iors were examined in Psychology, and the Juniors 
in Biology. 

Professor Lee is very busy at present preparing 
for his lecture on Labrador. He has already decided 
on several dates and places at which he is to deliver 
it, and they are as foWows : Bath, November 6; 
Danvers, Mass., November 10; Bangor, January 11. 
Brunswick is to be favored with the lecture in the 
near future. 

It has always been supposed that the painting of 
Gen, Knox, which is in Memorial Hall, a present 
from his daughter, Mrs. Thatcher, was an original 
by Stuart. It has recently been discovered, however, 
that it is merely a copy, although an excellent one, 
and that the original is owned by the city of Boston, 
and is now in Faneuil Hall. 

Cider time is always gladly welcomed at Bow- 
doin. That delightful period in the year has now 
arrived, and almost daily a goodly quantity of the 
fermented apple juice finds its way into the dift'erent 
rooms. The man who is the fortunate possessor of 
a jug of the delicious beverage is sure to have plenty 
of callers until the bottom of the receptacle is seen. 

Professor Lawton has been confined to his home 
for some time with typhoid fever. The professor, 
since his stay at Bowdoin, has made himself very 



156 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



popular with his classes, and it is with regret that 
they hear of his illness, [t is sincerely to be hoped 
that he may speedily recover. At present extra 
lessons in other studies are being given to tlie mem- 
bers of his classes. 

The Topsham Fair was as much a success as ever. 
Triangle, contrary to expectation, did not trot. It 
is said that one Freshman was so sanguine in his 
suppositions that the great animal would be on the 
track, with Professor Moody guarding the reins, that, 
on a refusal at the Treasurer's office, of the ticket to 
which he supposed he was entitled, he went to the 
Fiir officials and demanded one. It has not been dis- 
covered whether he was successful or not. 

An inmate in North Maine recently thought that 
he would take time by the forelock and put himself 
in training lor the field-day exercises next spring. 
He accordingly procured the heavy shot, and finding 
no better place to amuse himself, began to throw 
it against the wall of the hallway. As might 
naturally be expected, the partition was not strong 
enough lo withstand the mighty onslaughts of the 
sixteen pound shot and its muscular thrower. With 
a crash the iron ball went through, and when the athe- 
lete began his searches after it, his surprise can be 
I'eadily imagined when he found the missing article 
in his own closet. Unwittingly, he had been batter- 
ing down the walls of his own room, and thereby 
the beers were "scored" upon him. 

The Ragan lectures, given for the benefit of the 
Foot-Ball Association, are proving very popular. On 
the evening of October 17th the lecture was on 
"Ramblings in Rome," an8 the audience was thor- 
oughly delighted with the beautiful views of the 
Eternal Citj', and the vivid descriptions which Mr. 
Ragan gave. Last Saturday evening he lectured on 
"The Yosemite and the Yellowstone," and a rare 
treat was given those who attended. The lecturer 
described, in a most entertaining manner, the won- 
ders of these regions, and aided by his handsome 
views, made his audience thoroughly acquainted with 
this marvelous country. Mr. Ragan has gained hosts 
of admirers in Brunswick, and many will regret when 
the pleasant course of lectures comes to an end. 

The long looked-for cast of the Marble Faun, the 
original of which, by Praxiteles, is in the Capitoline 
Museum at Rome, has arrived. The cast is a present 
to the college from the class of '81, and the work 
has been done under the supervision of the famous 
sculptor Franklin Simmons. The one which has 
arrived at Bovvdoin is not, however, the work of this 
sculptor, for on the passage from Italy the original 
was broken. The new cast is, however, an excel- 



lent one, and will be a great addition to those which 
already beautify the library. The class of '81 is 
surely to be congratulated for their wisdom in the 
selection of a gift, for no better monument to the 
illustrious son of Bowdoin, Nathaniel Hawthorne, 
could have been reared than this reminder of his 
great work. 



0me{ie&. 



FOOT-BALL. 

Exeter, 24; Bowdoin, 10. 

Wednesday, October Hth, the team played its 
first game of the season against the Exeter eleven, 
and considering the number of new men on the 
team, made a creditable showing. In the first half 
Exeter scored two touchdowns, both of which White- 
head converted into goals. Bowdoin was unable to 
score. 

The second half showed considerable improve- 
ment in Bowdoin's play, she secured two touchdowns, 
one of them by an excellent criss-cross play by 
which twenty-five yards were gained. Hinckley and 
Carleton secured the touchdowns, from one of which 
Carleton kicked a goal. For Bowdoin the general 
play of Fairbanks and Stacy was excellent, while 
Thomas, Mayo, and Whitehead did the best work 
for Exeter. 

Exeter. Position. Bowdoin. 

Linscott. Lett End. Cothren. 

Mayo. 
Squires. 



Mcintosh. 

Coyne. 

Haladan. 

Conly. 

Ramsey. 

Booth, j 
Thomas, j 

Whitehead. 



Left Tackle. 

Left Guard. 

Center. 

Right Guard. 

Right Tackle. 

Right Eud. 
Quarter Back. 

Half Backs. 

Full Back. 



Bartlett. 

Stone. 

Dewey. 
( Stevens. 
jShay. 

Haskell. 

Ross. 

Fairbanks. 
( Pay sou. 
< Stacy. 
( Hinckley. 

Carleton . 



Bowdoin, 22 ; Brown, 18. 

Saturday, October 17th, Bowdoin defeated Bi-own 
by the above score on the Portland grounds, before 
an audience of several hundred persons. 

Brown had the ball and gained 25 yards on a V. 
Hinckley tackled well and Brown lost the ball, but 
soon regained it, and E. Casey made the first touch- 
down for Brown. No goal. Bowdoin's V yielded 
20 yards, and Stacy's run round the end 15 yards. 
After hot work on the 25 yard line Hinckley was 
pushed over the line for a touchdown, from which 
Carleton kicked a goal. Brown steadily advanced 
the ball to Bowdoin's goal, and scored another touch- 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



157 



down, from which a goal was kicked. Brown again 
rushed the ball down the field, and by repeatedly 
bucking the centre scored another touchdown. No 
goal. Time was then called. Score: Brown, 14; 
Bowdoin, 6. 

In the second half Fairbanks letired and Swelt 
took his position. Bowdoin made steady gains by 
good work of the backs, and scored a touchdown 
from which Carleton kicked a goal. With the ball 
on Bovvdoin's 25 yard line, Ridley carried the ball 
clear from the crowd and scored a touchdown, aided 
by the fine blocking of the backs. Goal kicked. 
Score: Bowdoin, 18; Brown, 14. Brown's V was 
broken by Chapman, and Bowdoin took the ball on 
Brown's kick for 15 yards. Stacy's good run round 
the end gained 10 yards, and Carleton was pushed 
over for Bowdoin's last touchdown. No goal. 
Brown's V and good rushing through the line gave 
Brown her last touchdown, and time was called with 
the ball near the center of the field. Bowdoin, 22; 
Brown, 18. 

Bowdoin's offensive game was very strong, and 
all the backs did good work. The defensive game, 
however, was not strong. The men in the line were 
slow in breaking through, and nearly every time 
Brown bucked the line a gain of two or three yards 
was the result. Chapman, at end, made several 
good tackles, -and Haskell seemed to handle his man 
easily. Fairbanks played a brilliant game, as did 
the other backs. Carleton's kicking virtually won 
the game, as both sides scored an equal number of 
touchdowns. For Brown, I. Casey and Chamberlain 
played well, and all the backs did good work. 
Drawbridge kicked poorly. 

The elevens lined up as follows : 

Bowdoin. Position. Brown. 

Chapman. _Left_End. ' E.Casey. 

Adams. 
Ellis. 
J. Casey. 
Filmnr. 
Chamberlain. 
Drawbridge. 
Quarter Back. Hill. 

Half Backs. ( Straight. 

1 Estes. 
Full Back. Lindley. 

MacArthur, Bowdoin, '93, was umpire ; Aldrich 
of Brown, referee. 

Brown, 18; Bowdoin, 0. 

Saturday, October 24th, Bowdoin played a return 
game with Brown at Providence, and was defeated 
by the above score. 

Brown had the ball and took ten yards on a V. 
By short rushes they forced the ball down the field, 
but lost it on a fumble. For twenty-five minutes 



Bartlett. 
Stone. 
Dewey. ^ 
Haskell. 
Ridley. 
Ross. 

Fairbanks. I 
Sweet. ( 

Stacy. ) 

Hinckley. ( 
Carleton. 



Left Tackle. 
Left Guard. 

Center. 

Right Guard. 

Right Tackle. 

Riaht End. 



the playing was very even and neither side could 
score. But just before time was called Tenny was 
pushed over the line and scored a touchdown for 
Brown from which a goal was kicked. Score, 6-0 
for Brown. 

The first twenty minutes of the second half saw 
good play by both sides, but Lindsey finally got the 
ball and by a long run scored another touchdown, 
from which Drawbridsfe kicked a goal. The ball 
had been in play hardly a minute before Estes got 
the ball from the man he tackled and scored Brown's 
third and last touchdown, which Drawbridge con- 
verted into a goal. Score: Brown, 18; Bowdoin, 0. 

For Brown, Estes, Lindsey, and Tenney did good 
work, and Drawbridge kicked well. Carleton did 
the best work for Bowdoin. 

Brown won by superior team work, and steady 
playing. Bowdoin's rush line held better than in 
previous games, but the backs had an off day, and 
several bad fumbles were made. The elevens lined 
up as follows : 

Bowdoin. Position. Brown, 

Drawbridge. 
Chamberlain. 
Fulmer. 
J. Casey. 
Ellis. 
Ricliards. 
E. Casey. 

[ Quarter Back. 

Half Backs. 

Full Back. Lindsey. 

Score: Brown, 18; Bowdoin, 0. Touchdowns — Tenney, 
Estes, Lindsey. Goals from Touchdowns — Drawbridge, 3. 
Umpire, Mendenhall. Referees, Sears and McArlhur. 

The members of the team speak very highly of 
their treatment at Brown. It is hoped that Bowdoin 
may have an opportunity to reciprocate the favors 
received in the near future. Why not have some 
annual games, races, etc., with the university at 
Providence? 



Boss. 

Ridley. 

Shay. 

Dewey. 

Stone. 

Bartlett. 

lothren. 

Fairbanks 

Swett. 

Stacy. I 

Hinckley. ( 

Carleton. 



Right End. 
Right Tackle. 
Right Guard. 

Center. 

Left Guard. 

Left Tackle. 

Left End. 



Hill. 

I Estes. 
i Tenney. 



A new regulation at Wellesley is that all who 
incur conditions will be required to withdraw from 
all outside duties, whether of society, club, class, 
committee or publication. 

The trustees of Columbia are discussing the 
removal of the college from its present site. The 
institution has grown so much under President Low 
that its quarters are not spacious enough, and on 
account of the taking up of all the lots in the vicinity, 
the college has no room to spread out. They may 
move out of the city, and it is possible that grounds 
will be secured large enough to have campus dor- 
mitories and athletic grounds together. 



158 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 




'20. — The PorUand Evening Ex- 
Xiress of October 23d, says : "The old- 
est living graduate of Bowdoin College is 
Rev. Thomas Treadwell Stone, of Bolton, 
Mass., who graduated in the class of 1820. He 
was bora in Waterford, Maine, February 9, 1801, 
and is nearly 91 years of age." Our readers will 
remember that within a few months we have been 
treated in this column to an article from his pen. He 
is a perfectly loyal alumnus, deeply interested in 
everything pertaining to the college. 

'49. — George E. B. Jackson died at his home in 
Portland, on Monday, October 19th. Mr. Jackson was 
born in Portland in August, 1829. After graduation in 
1849, he taught for a short time in Cape Elizabeth, Me., 
and North Andover, Mass., after which he studied 
law in the office of Fessenden & Deblois in Port- 
land and was admitted to the Cumberland County 
bar in 1852. He then practiced his profession in 
Bath for about a year, after which he removed 
to Portland. In 1865 he was elected treasurer of 
the Portland Rolling Mills, which position he held 
till 1878, when he resigned to accept the presidency 
of the Maine Central Railroad, which office he 
held for a number of years. He has since been 
pi'esident of the Eastern Railroad for about a 
year. He was at the time of his death president of 
the Portland Savings Bank and a director of the 
Maine General Hospital. Of late years he has been 
practicing law. He was one of the pillars of the 
Episcopal church of Maine. He leaves a widow and 
three children. He was a man of much ability, 
honored by all, and a most genial gentleman of the 
old school. 

Medical, '53. — James R. Lunt, of Portland, who 
graduated from the Medical School of Maine in 1853, 
died at his home in that city, Sunday, aged 61 years. 
For several years after graduation he practiced at 
St. Johnsbury, Vt., moving to Portland forty years 
ago and opening an apothecary store. He was a 
solid business man and a most j^leasant gentleman 
socially. He leaves a widow and two sons. 

Brunswich Telegraph. 



'66. — In speaking of the Yale athletic team, the 
Yale News says : "The team this year will be under 
a most competent instructor, Mr. W. C. Dole, who 
will have charge of the men during the entire college 
year, from to-morrow until after the inter-collegiate 
games next June. The work will be carried on 
systematically during the whole year." Mr. Dole is 
a former Brunswick boy, and for four years was 
instructor in physical culture at Bowdoin. He fre- 
quently visits here, passing several weeks here last 
summer. 

'75, '84, '85, and '91.— The Sunday Globe recently 
had a column article with portrait of Dr. D. A. 
Sargent, Bowdoin, '75, director of the Hemenway 
Gymnasium, at Harvard College. The article was 
highly complimentary, and the beauty of it all is, 
that it was well deserved. The writer's knowledge 
of the doctor as an advocate of athletic training 
extends back to his boyhood, and he has always 
been an enthusiast. By the way, with Dr. Sargent at 
Harvard, Dr. Whittier at Bowdoin, Dr. Adams at 
Ann Arbor, H. C. Jackson at Phillips Exeter, and 
F. E. Parker at Brown, what is the matter with 
Bovvdoin's ability to send out instructoi'S in athletics? 

Brunsiuick Telegraph. 

'86. — Levi Turner, Jr., is in Portland in the lavv 
office of Charles F. Libby on Exchange Street. 

'89. — On Tuesday evening, October 6th, at Hotel 
Willows, in Farmington, a complimentary dinner 
was given George L. Rogers, who has left that place 
to begin the practice of law in Tacoma, Washington. 
The menu was very elegant and extensive, the 
tables were beautiful with fruit and flowers.- Among 
those who enjoyed the feast with Mr. Rogers were 
Prof. D. M. Cole, Bowdoin, '88, A. F. Belcher, Esq., 
Bowdoin, '82, and several others from Farmington 
and Augusta. After dinner, which was enjoyed until 
a late hour, with many good wishes for the health 
and prosperity of Mr. Rogers, good-night was said. 

'91. — Fred E. Parker was in Portland at the game 
with Brown, accompanying that team as its coach. 

'91. — Lewis A. Burleigh of the Harvard Medical 
School has been chosen one of the tenors of the 
Harvard Glee Club. 



Four hundred and forty students have been ad- 
mitted to the Leland Stanford University, and over 
1,100 applications for admission have been made. 

The best endowed college in this country is Co- 
lumbia, with $8,000,000. Harvard is second with a 
fund of $7,000,000.— ^x. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



159 



IN WEMORIAM. 
Hall of the Kappa, Psi Upsilon Ffaternity, 
October 23, 1891 
TI7(e?'e«(.s, In his wisdom, tlie All-Merciful Creator 
has removed to a position of greater usefulness, our 
dear and respected brother George Edwin Bartol 
Jackson, of the class of 1849 ; 

Besolved, That, while bowing to the divine decree, 
we express our heartfelt sorrow in the loss of our 
friend and brother, and our deep sense of obligation 
for the many kindnesses which we owe to his gen- 
erous life ; 

Itesolved, That our sympathy be extended to his 
bereaved family, and that these resolutions be spread 
upon the records of the Chapter, and published in 
the BowDOiN Orient. 

Clarence W. Peabodv, 
PIarry C. Fabvan, 
Harry E. Andrews, 
Committee for the Kn]ipa Chapter. 




Somebody. 

Over the firelight bends a face 

Tender and full of meaning; 
A girlish form of winsome grace 

Over a banjo leaning. 
What are the words tliat she murmurs low 

As the breeze in summer sings '? 
"What are lier thoughts as lier fingers go 

Over the pulsing strings ? 

The fire burns dim in tlie big, dark room, 

Scarce on her ringlets glistening; 
Little she knows that in the gloom 

Somebody else is listening. 
Somebody's foot-fall stops the sound 

Of the banjo's tuneful pearl: 
Somebody's arm is pressed around 

The waist of the blushing girl. 



Somebody's lips are pressed to hers. 

Somebody's eyes are glistening; 
Nobody hears what he avers. 

Nobody else is listening. 
Lower the fire burns in tlie grate — 

The flickering fiame just gleaming 
There in the dusk of the evening late 

On a youth and maiden dreaming. 

— Yassar Lit. 

Among the recent exchanges received is the 
Deeving High School Brechia, a paper which brings 
with it many recollections of old school days, rich in 
joy and fun and pleasure, but as we remember them, 
not in study. As we turn its pages how vividly 
return the old school-room and its associations. We 
almost seem living over those days again. Once 
more we are passing notes behind the teacher's back, 
stealing the girls' hat-pins, or perhaps carefully 
causing our seat to squeak, and squeak, and squeak, 
with an unreasoning maliciousness. How well we 
can recall that cold winter night when from the 
school lyceum, for the first time we walked home 
with some girl schoolmate. We can feel again those 
wild heart-beats, when with trembling voice we 
asked that question, so simple, yet of so -great im- 
port : "May I see you home to-night?" 

These seem foolish now — yes, perhaps — but yet, 
while one reads Whittier's " The School-house," or 
Steadman's "The Doorstep," he feels it is not all 
foolishness. It is part of life, our pleasantest mem- 
ories, and perhaps — do I hear a sigh — well, perhaps. 

But I feel myself turn back to my right position 
again. I must be critical. Well, the paper is, 
truthfully, among the best of the high school ex- 
changes which we receive. Of course there is a 
great deal of crudeness in it ; but every here and 
there are bright thoughts, quaint sayings, which 
show the possibilities in the editors. 

The exchange column is an exceedingly well 
selected set of clippings, and the alumni notes are 
very full and interesting. We give the best wishes 
to our early Alma Mater in all her literary ventures. 
May she prosper, grow, and wax strong. 

Feom Traumbilder. 

Ah ! know you still that old weird song, 
That thrilled you through so fierce and long, 

And with your sad heart strove ? 
Angels call it joy supernal, 
Devils call it woe infernal, 

Mortals call it love. — Heine. 

In the Portfolio from the Colorado State University, 
there is an article entitled "A Story of Two Col- 
legians." It gives an account of the college career 
of Arthur Cumnock of Harvard, and of Frederick 
Brokaw of Princeton. It is so good, showing as it 



160 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



does the possibilities of a college course to one who 
determines to make it of worth and value, that we 
have placed it in the library and would advise all to 
read it. The story is a vivid exposition of how a 
man can make himself honored and beloved while in 
college, if he will but use manly and right means. 
It is well worth a few minutes. 

Afteuwards. 
The ringing laugh of a joyous heart, and the glance of a 

smiling eye. 
The womanly grace of a piquant face in the rollicking 

days gone by — 

The conscious shyness of word and glance, and the thrill 
of the hand's caress; 

The tender hush, the rising blush, and the timidly whis- 
pered " Yes "— 

The swift, blight gleam of the wedding ring, the tenderly, 

fearful bliss 
Of the upturned face in its shimmering lace, and tlie 

breath of the marriage kiss- 
Through all the eternal grim parade of days and nights 

that pass. 
Will these matter to thee, thou soul set free, thou dust 

down under the grass ? 

— Nassau Lit. 

The following taken from the Cornell Era may be 
of news to our readers : 

The Princeton and Bowdoin foot-ball teams are 
in a weak condition this year as many of their 
strongest members have not returned to college. 
Only two men who played regularly with the Bow- 
doin team are left. 

Contentment. 

A girl to love, a pipe to smoke. 

Enough to eat and drink; 
A friend with whom to crack a joke, 

And one to make me think; 
A book or two of simple prose, 

A thousand more of rhyme; 
No matter then how fast Time goes, 

I take no heed of Time. 

The University of Leipsic will admit women this 
year for the first time. Six women will be enrolled 
among the students, and four of these are Am- 
ericans. — Ex. 

" Fair ox-eyed Juno, be my wife," 

Says Jove in mystic story; 
" We'll live a happy and godly life 

On Elysian heights of glory! " 

"Ah Jove, you're jovial," laughed she, 

" But why for me be crazy ? " 
" Because you're the flower of heaven," cried he, 

" You'r a little ox-eyed daisy! " 

— Brunonian. 



Prof in Logic discussing terms: — "Does man 
promptly embrace woman?" — Ex. 

Professor Wilder, of Cornell, is urging the Cor- 
nell Faculty to forbid that college entering into inter- 
collegiate athletics for a period of three years. 

Doubting Hearts. 

HE. 

Within the shadow a drooping face. 

Crowned by a wealth of flowers and lace, 

Dark brown eyes under white lids pressed. 

And fingers that love to be caressed. 

A throat that glistens 'neath priceless pearls. 

Rose in the rosebud garden of girls. 

I dream of her nightly, gay coquette. 

And wonder if I've half won her yet? 

Or if she would look as sweet and fair 

To some other man who by chance was there. 

SHE. 

Within the shadow, the lights turned down. 

Far from the noise of the restless town. 

While eyes of the boldest, deepest blue 

Seem to be looking me through and through; 

A strong hand clasping about my own 

With a touch that straight to my heart has flown. 

Do I love him? Yes, and always will; 

My heart responds to his own heart's thrill, 

But he looks as tenderly, I suppose, 

In the eyes of every girl he knows. 



OUR / '-'^ ^°^^ Society Badge will be 
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Tobacco and Cigars a Specialty. 
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Magazines, Music, etc., Bound in a Neat and Durable Mannei'. 
Ruling and Blank Book Work of Every Description doue to order- 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Vol. XXI. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, NOVEMBER 11, 1891. 



No. 9. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 

PUBLISHED EVERT ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY DURING 
THE COLLEGIATE YEAR BY THE STUDENTS OF 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE. 

EDITORIAL BOARD. 

E. A. PuGSLEY, '92, Managing Editor. 

J. C. Hull, '92, Assistant Managing Editor. 

H. C. Fabyan, '9.S, Business Manager. 

F. V. GuMMER, '92. M. S. Clifford, '93. 

J. B. F. HoDGDON, '92. C. W. Peaeody, '93. 

H. W. Kimball, '92. H. E. Andrews, '94. 

F. W. PiCKARD, '94. 

Per annum, in advance, $2.00. 

Single Copies, 15 Cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica' 
tion to the Business Editor. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters shoidd be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Coutributions for l^hyme and Ueason Department should be 
sent to Box 951, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal notes should be sent to Box 960, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post-Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 
CONTENTS. 

Vol. XXI., No. 9.— November 11, 1891. 

* 
Editorial Notes 161 

Miscellaneous : 

The Relation of the Greek Letter Society to tlie 

College 103 

The Philosopher and the Merchant; or, Ghosts 

Refuted 164 

The Labrador Expedition (continued) 167 

Rhyme and Reason : 

Point Tupelo 169 

Green Fields for the Muse, 169 

The Scholastic, 169 

Humanity, the Apple, and the Fall, 169 

Capital Punishment, 169 

Collegii Tabula, 169 

Athletics 171 

Y. M. C. A 172 

Personal, 173 

College World, 174 




During the past week it has frequently 
been suggested that the several classes con- 
test for the championship in foot-ball, and 
the interest manifested in the matter has been 
and is now greater, it is believed, than at any 
other time since the introduction of the game 
of foot-ball at Bowdoin. 

The idea of liaving annual class contests 
in this department of athletics is certainly a 
good one and should find embodiment in 
immediate action. 

As a first or chief reason for having class 
championship contests there is the fact that, 
with class pride enlisted in support of the 
game, more men would be found playing foot- 
ball than now take part in the game, and as a re- 
sult more men would be getting that vigorous, 
healthy development which it is, or should be, 
the first object of college athletics to secure. 
It is not here contended that a series of 
games of the kind mentioned would instantly 
put every man now standing by watching the 
play into a uniform and out on the field. 
But certainly, with more men playing foot- 
ball each afternoon, more would follow on 
until the few should become the many, until 
the foot-ball man should become the rule 
rather than the exception, and, most impor- 
tant of all, until the thorough knowledge of 
the game on the part of every one should 



162 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



drive out much of the foolish and ignorant 
criticism now prevalent among us concerning 
this sport. 

As a second argument for their institution, 
these class games would bring oat, harden up, 
and keep in readiness for use a strong reserve 
of players which could be depended upon to 
supply material for the college team in the 
emergencies arising during the league season, 
and without which it is useless to think to con- 
tend in games with other colleges successfully. 
As matters now stand, we can put a good 
eleven in the field at the start, but we have 
nothing vs'ith which to relieve or strengthen it 
as the season advances. As a consequence of 
this, one set of men must play all the games 
scheduled, having no time to recuperate in 
case this is necessary. It is not to be won- 
dered at, then, that the team shows weaker 
as the season passes, especially when the 
strongest opponents are met in the last part 
of the season. 

In addition to all this, the increased num- 
ber of men knowing and practicing the game 
would be likely to include many of those 
devoting a part of their time during the 
course to teaching, and these men could, 
therefore, if called upon — and they will be 
called upon ^ teach the rudiments of the 
game in the schools under their charge. In 
this way the influence of the college could be 
greatly extended throughout the State, and 
shortly the fitting-schools would be sending 
into the various Maine colleges some good 
foot-ball men. Bowdoin would then, perhaps, 
cease to be the only Maine college playing 
the game. 

WE ARE able to announce that the Ragan 
lectures have been a success, in every 
waj', and that the treasury of the Foot-Ball 
Association will be replenished with a snug 
little sum from this source. 

Mr. Ragan has given us a rare treat in 
his illustrated lectures, every one of which 



was worth more than the price of admission. 
He has also dealt liberally with the Associa- 
tion under whose auspices the course was 
given. May success attend liiin everj'where. 

Such a course of lectures will, we. believe, 
teach pupils in the public schools more history, 
or, at any rate, he the means of their learning 
and retaining more, than they would otherwise 
learn in the schools during an entire term. 

But, to come back to the subject of finance, 
now that we have made a gain, let the good 
work go on. Let every subscription be paid as 
soon as possible, so that the entire in(lel)tedness 
of the Foot-Ball Association may be paid at 
once. If the subscriptions now outstanding 
are promptly paid in, this, we -believe, can be 
done. ' We .shall then be free to take hold of 
boating and base-ball affairs. 



'US AN exercise in Psj^chology, recentlj^ 
/ ■*■ the members of the class were requested 
to fonnnlate a story, concerning some spectral 
appearance, such as many superstitious per- 
sons are accustomed to relate, and then to 
refute the statement of the story successfully 
by a process of reasoning and in terms that 
could be easily understood by a,ny one unac- 
quainted with the science of Psychology. 
One of the productions in answer to this 
request, which has come to our notice, is so 
novel in its arrangement and so good in its 
reasoning that we have thought perhaps 
others as well as ourselves would be pleased 
to read it, and so have inserted it among the 
miscellaneous articles of this issue. This, 
however, has been done not without many 
doubts as to the true value of the article on 
the part of its author, who never thought of 
its appearing in print when it was written. 
It is a question whether any one could reason 
a believer in spirits and goblins out of his 
erroneous conclusions any better than Phil- 
osophus has done. If any one thinks he can 
do better let him trj^ it and hand us the 
results of his labors. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



163 



'D' FEW days ago it was suggested by an 
I ^ alumnus that the students of the college 
should attend the games of the Maine Inter- 
scholastic League as much as possible. Tliis 
idea seems to be a good one and well worthy 
of attention. By an attendance of college 
men on the games between the various high 
school and academj' teams, much encourage- 
ment and many points of play could and 
would be given to the participants in them. 
This would soon laise tiie standard of these 
contests to a very high degree of excellence. 



TV7E HAVE recently received t 
*^ volume of the Benson series, 



the first 
entitled 

the "Smugglers of Chestnut," by C. B. 
Burleigh, now editor of the Kennebec Journal 
and a former managing editor of the Orient. 
It was our intention to review the work in 
this issue of the Orient, but pressure of 
college work has compelled us to forego that 
careful reading necessary for sucii a proceed- 
ing. We will here say, however, that from 
what we have seen and read of the book we 
are much pleased with it. It shall receive a 
careful review in our next issue. 



JPHE lines on the "Wayward Muse," in 
-*- the College World of our issue of October 
14th, clipped from the Williams Weekly, and 
accredited to that sheet, have since been 
accredited by the Weekly to the Oberlin 
Review. We therefore would here note their 
true origin and asciibe them to the Review, 
ever desiring to give credit where credit is due. 



At Iowa Wesleyan University a man must have 
become a Sophomore and maintained an average 
marlc of 8.6 in his studies before he is eligible to 
membership to a fraternity ; and in many Western 
and Southern institutions if a fraternity man fails to 
come up to the requirements of the college the 
Faculty appeal to his fraternity for (heir action in the 
matter. 

Yale University will put $150,000 or $200,000 of 
its big bequest from the Fayerweather estate into a 
new building for the Sheffield Scientific School. 



i§©eIIarpeoQ§. 



The Relation of the Greek-Letter 
Society to the College. 

TT HAS often been and still is in some places 
-*■ a debatable question whether secret societies 
are to the advaiUage or disadvantage of col- 
leges, and whether their existence should 
be sanctioned by college faculties. At the 
present time the majority of colleges seem to 
be in favor of the establishment of chapters 
of the various Greek-letter fraternities within 
their several jurisdictions, although many of 
these institutions have until recently refused 
permission for their formation. While on the 
contrary several strong schools still stand out 
against them, notably Princeton, Oberlin, and 
Bates. 

Now what are the reasons for excluding 
or opposing the Greek-letter societies? The 
reason assigned by many (and perhaps in 
some cases justly), is that secret societies 
develop a certain narrowness among the stu- 
dents, because their intercourse and interests 
are centered more in their society chapter 
than in the college in general. In several 
instances faculties and trustees have opposed 
secret societies, looking at them from a moral 
point of view, and fearing that the very fact 
of secrecy has been introduced to shield mis- 
conduct and disobedience to college rules. 
The first of these arguments seems fanciful 
and the second is thoroughly disproved by 
the fact that clergj'men, professors, and other 
citizens of high standing still maintain rela- 
tions with their college societies, and often 
visit them. 

The third and most weighty objection to 
the fraternities yet advanced is the oppor- 
tunity which is afforded by them for sectional 
partiality and society jealousy to cause detri- 
ment in matters of general college interest, 
and to become disturbing elements in college 



164 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



poritics. But in answer to this objection it 
can be said that, throughout most of our 
Eastern colleges, an inclination is now mani- 
fest to refrain from " combines " in class 
politics and matters of general college inter- 
est. Instead of being selfish organizations, 
opposed to college spirit, they unite as earnest 
workers in furthering the interests of the 
institutions on whose existence they depend. 

As stronger offsets than those already 
mentioned to the above theories which are 
held by those opposed to the Greek societies, 
there may be found several solid arguments in 
favor of their continued existence. Any slight 
narrowness which they may produce is more 
than counterbalanced by the fraternal love 
engendered on account of the closer bonds 
of intimacy. The life in the chapter house 
or in the society " end," which takes its place 
here, leads to an hourly intercourse which 
smooths over class feeling, and by introduc- 
ing some of the conditions of home, as a rule 
so lacking in college life, produces brothers 
in the noblest sense of the word. 

Alumni, on coming back to their Alma 
Mater, instead of meeting an occasional class- 
mate aS their only acquaintance, are welcomed 
by men whom they immediately recognize as 
friends by the gleam of the badge or the 
pressure of the hand. Wherever one goes 
the society badge forms an ever-ready letter 
of introduction. 

Not the least important result of the 
Greek society is the annual convention. 
This, like conventions in all other organiza- 
tions, helps to broaden the minds of delegates. 
Although most of the business of the conven- 
tion is of strictly society importance, yet the 
interchange of ideas never fails to be of ad- 
vantage to each institution represented. 

Anti-fraternity laws were formerly passed 
by the trustees and faculties of many col- 
leges, but these on being carried to the supreme 
courts of several states were declared uncon- 
stitutional. Even if lawful- the enforcement 



of such laws would tend to foster deception 
among the students in maintaining secret 
societies unknown to the faculty. Looking 
at the question fairly, it does not seem as if 
one could deny that the Greek fraternities 
are an advantage socially, intellectually, and 
morally to our colleges and deserve to hold 
the place which they have made for themselves. 



The Philosopher and the Mer- 
chant; or, Ghosts Refuted. 



Characters : 
Philosophus, Nauta Pkimus, 
Mercatok, Na0ta Secdndus. 

Scene : 
A Small Town Near the Coast of Maine. 



Mercator. Just arrived, my good friend, 
or are you long from the country? 

Philosophus. Tolerably long. And you — 
I was looking for you at the village and 
wondering that I did not find you there. 

Mer. I was not there. 

Phil. Where, then? 

Mer. On my way down to the harbor I 
saw a great crowd collected about two rough- 
looking men, who were talking with great 
earnestness. The company was evidently 
much interested, and accordingly I joined 
them. 

Phil. What was the topic of conversa- 
tion ? 

Mer. Ghosts. 

Phil. Ha ! ha ! Were the two men relat- i 
ing an experience of their own ? 1 

Mer. Yes, and a most remarkable one. 1 

Phil. Would you object to telling me 
their story ? 

Mer. Certainly not, my good friend. It 
is substantially as follows: The two rough- | 
looking men were sailors. The evening before, 
they had shipped " before the mast " in the 
barque Sevonter, of this port. The crew col- 
lected in the " forecastle " after supper and 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



165 



spent the evening in telling stories and smok- 
ing. As they were about to "turn in" for 
the night the mate came forward and ordered 
these two men to go aloft and overhaul some 
of the tackle on tiie mainmast. They had 
reached the mast-head, and were about to do 
wliat was ordered, when they saw the figure 
of a man standing on the main yard-arm and 
beckoning to them to go back. As is natural, 
they were greatly terrified, and going below, 
packed their bags and left the vessel. 

Phil. And do you believe this story? 

Me7\ Certainly. Do you not ? 

Phil. By no means. Such trash should 
not be accepted by a man of your intelli- 
gence. 

Mer. But the men seemed greatly in 
earnest and appeared to be speaking the 
truth. 

Phil. I do not question the truth of 
their statements. Without doubt they firmly 
believe that such a vision appeared to them. 
Are they still in town ? 

Mer. Yes. Here they come now. 

Phil. Let us question them a little regard- 
ing this strange experience. Do you agree? 

Mer. Certainly. But you cannot change 
my opinion. 

[They walk up to the two sailors.] 

Phil. My friend has been relating your 
wonderful expeiience of last night. 

Nauta I. It was mighty queer, and we 
are glad to be rid of that old hulk. 

Phil. You are very sure that you saw this 
figure on the yard-arm ? 

Nau. I. As sure as I be that I am standin' 
here. It war all white an' I could see right 
through it. The sight near took me off my 
pins, an' if I hadn't grabbed the riggin' I'd 
have fell below. 

Phil. And are you equally positive ? 

Nauta II. Yes, I "see" the same thing, 
an' anyone might 'ave sawed it if they had 
been there. 

Phil. How did you spend the evening ? 



Nau. I. A tellin' yarns in the "fo'c'sel." 

Phil. What did you talk about? 

Nau. I. Ghosts an' such like. 

Phil. Anything else? 

Nau. II. Yes, yarns about the vessel. 

Phil. Tell me one of them. 

Nau. II. Wall, they said as a men had 
fell from alof off'n the main yard-arm in a 
gale o' wind an' was never seen ag'in. 

Phil. Anything else ? 

Nau. I. Yes, tlie}^ said that the ghost of a 
man killed on shipboard always hung about 
the vessel an' haunted it. 

Phil. It must have been a strange experi- 
ence. But let us be going, my dear Mercator. 

[They walk on.] 

Mer. I hope you are convinced now. 

Phil. I am not. In fact, I am more 
impressed with the fact that they were mis- 
taken. 

Mer. I do not see how. 

Phil. You noticed, they said that the 
evening was spent in telling stories. 

Mer. Yes. 

Phil. And ghost stories, too. 

Bier. Yes. 

Phil. Did you ever hear ghost stories in 
the evening? 

Mer. Certainly. 

Phil. Did they not have a marked effect 
on you ? 

Mer. Yes, my mind was full of ghosts. 
I did not dare to look into a dark corner of 
the room, and, if I went out doors, I fancied 
everything to be a ghost, even trees, posts, 
and such common things. 

Phil. But you knew these were not 
ghosts ? 

3Ier. Certainly. I can distinguish a real 
ghost when I see one. 

Phil. Have you ever seen a real ghost? 

Mer. Yes, lots of times. 

Phil. And you have also mistaken trees 
and posts for ghosts ? 

Mer. Yes. 



166 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Phil. Do you think that you can always 
tell a real ghost from a fictitious one? Can 
you not be mistaken ? 

Mer. Well, I suppose I might make a 
mistake. 

Pliil. Do you not see that these men 
miglit have had theii' minds full of ghosts, 
and seeing a part of the sail flapping in the 
wind, have connected it with the story of the 
lost sailor, and so assumed that it was his 
spirit? 

Mer. Yes, I admit that they might be 
mistaken. When, however, I see a ghost, 
there is nothing to fashion it out of, no tree 
or post, and I remember that these men said 
that it was on the end of the yard, where 
there were no ropes or sails. 

Phil. Then j'oii admit that many people 
see ghosts because they form a wrong idea of 
a common object, while their minds are full 
of ghosts? 

Mer. Yes, but 1 am not of that kind. I 
see real ghosts and so did these men. 

Phil. Well, my good friend, we will sup- 
pose that there was no object which they 
might take for a ghost. You admit that, after 
telling ghost stories, the mind is tremendously 
excited and all the ideas are extremely vivid 
and life-like ? 

Mer. Yes, I have noticed that. 

Phil. Do 3'ou not think that these ideas 
may become so very vivid tliat one may see a 
ghost when there is none tiiere and nothing 
to give the idea of one ? 

Mer. I cannot see it. If a thing does not 
exist, how can it be seen ? 

Phil. In the ordinary process of thinking, 
we pass from one thouglit to another asso- 
ciated with it. Do we not? 

Mer. Yes, certainly. 

Phil. But when we think of ghosts, as 
you admit, there is great excitement in the 
mind. All our ideas are about ghosts, and 
there is no relief by passing to other tlioughts. 
Well now, if we keep piling up thoughts on 



others already very vivid, do you not see 
that, unless something occurs to lead us to 
other ideas, these thoughts of ghosts will be 
heajDed up, until they become so life-like that 
we have a vision of a ghost? 
Mer. It is difficult to see. 
Phil. Suppose a pail with a hole in its 
bottom be suspended so that it will tip over 
if it is filled. Now pour water into it. As 
long as more escapes than runs in, the pail 
will remain upright. If we close the hole, 
however, it will soon tip over, or if we make 
the stream larger than the hole can carry off 
the same thing will happen. Now, in the 
case of your mind, you niust know that you 
are constantly thinking, and that tlie thoughts 
are ever changing and passing away. As 
long as this keeps up, the mind is in its ordi- 
nary condition. Now you must admit that 
strange things can happen in the mind, jnst 
as in other things. Do you admit this? 
Mer. I certainly do. 

Phil. Well, if we stop the thoughts from 
running away, or if a tremendous amount of 
thouglit pours in, as you say there is after 
hearing ghost stories, how can j'ou deny that 
the mind will be upset and something strange 
happen ? 

Mer. It is hard to see, but I cannot deny it. 

Phil. If anything out of the usual course 

happens, what is more natural in this case 

than to see the ghost, with which the mind is 

filled ? 

Mer. Nothing, to be sure. I think I see 
that this is possible. The two men were so 
filled v/ith ghost stories that nothing else 
could take away their attention, and some- 
thing unnatural must follow, as in the case 
of the pail. Their nearness to the point 
from which the seaman fell was " the straw 
that broke the camel's back." What could 
follow but the sight of a ghost? I under- 
stand at last. 

Phil. Then you realize that the mind 
obeys regular laws, exactly as other things do? 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



167 



Mer. I do and I am glad to learn it. 
Whether the sailors saw anything (ir not, 
they certainly did not see the ghost. I am 
happy to be rid of this notion about ghosts. 
I think that you have saved me many an 
hour's sleep. 

Phil. Farewell, my good friend Mercator, 
and may you ponder well what I have told 
you. 

The Labrador Expedition. 

(Contiuued.) 

OS THEY returned, the men followed 
/-^ the river quite closely, and, soon after 
the tramp was begun, made a raft from 
logs, binding them together with roots, which 
it was hoped would be a great help in 
descending the stream. But the raft proved 
of nn use as it would not bear up the men 
and baggage. Somewhat disappointed in 
this first attempt to make the river sei've 
them, the men again pushed along on foot, 
sliootiug wluit game they could and replenish- 
ing their scanty stock of provisions with a 
fish taken now and then as opportunity of- 
fered. The game in the region of the river 
was very limited in quantity, and the ammu- 
nition for shooting the same more limited still. 
The men camped early each day and prepared 
their sleeping quarters very carefully, thus 
saving their powers of endurance as much as 
possible. It is probable that to this careful 
provision for rest and sleep tlie men owe 
their success in reaching civilization again. 
Shortly after the tramp was commenced, the 
shoes of the men gave out and much time 
had to be given to repairing them. Many 
and ingenious were the plans resorted to in 
order that the feet might not become entirely 
bare and at the mercy of the rocky way. As 
a final, resort, Cole was compelled to make 
coverings for his feet from the lining of his 
pack, having already used for this purpose 
everything available, including his coat 



sleeves. These lasted until the vessel was 
i-eached, though badl}' worn. 

On Wednesday, the 19th of August, an- 
other raft was constructed, which was a suc- 
cess as regards floating ability, though perhaps 
not so much so, regarded as a model of 
Maine ship-building, and this enabled the 
men to reach ].iake Waminikapo without 
much walking, though they were in the 
water frequently and received several pretty 
thorough soakings. Previous to embarking, 
about two quarts of cranberries were gath- 
ered and added to the stock of food. The 
construction of the rafts was very laborious 
and told heavily on the strength of the men. 
At the lake this second raft had to be aban- 
doned, as advancement by means of it without 
the aid of a current was found to be too slow. 
The wearisome march, therefore, was again 
taken up. Three days were required to reach 
the foot of the lake. But one fish was taken 
during this time. In the rapid water at the 
foot of the lake a few trout were caught, and 
a short distance further down a few pieces of 
meat were found, which were supposed to 
have been left by hunters or possibly by 
the Bryant party. At supper on this day, 
August 22d, the men "feasted," as they say, 
on three squirrels. On the next day a bear's 
heart and liver were found, and this addition 
to their supplies assured the tiavelers of the 
necessary food to enable them to reach the 
point where supplies had been left. 

On the afternoon of the 23d, another raft 
was made, and the two tired explorers floated 
down the river to the longed-for point of the 
cache. At this cache a note was found say- 
ing that Smith and Young, the men who were 
obliged to return at Lake Waminikapo, had 
passed that point in good health and on time. 
On the 25th the raft was again in motion, 
and, in a heavy rain, the Mininipi Rapids 
were reached, the raft and men coming near 
being carried down the same, contrary to the 
will of the men. After another tramp of 



168 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



thirty miles, on the 27th, a new raft was con- 
structed, which took the party down the Por- 
cupine Rapids, and landed them forty miles 
below the point of departure that morning. 
On the next day they passed the first falls on 
the river and were again in the region of 
civilization. The men, howevei', were com- 
pelled to encamp several miles above the 
house of a trapper which they had hoped to 
reach. The rain was falling fast and the 
night was passed as best it might be by men 
in their condition. On the next day, using an 
old raft to cross the wide river between them- 
selves and the house, the exploiers arrived at 
the wished-for habitation about 3 o'clock in 
the afternoon. The owner of the house, Mr. 
Joseph Michelin, received the men kindly 
and gave them every accommodation that his 
habitation afforded. On the next day Mr. 
Michelin took the travelers by boat to the 
station of the Hudson Bay Company at 
North West liver, where they were hospitably 
entertained by Mr. McLaren, tlie chief of the 
station. At this point a boat was secured, 
and two days later, on the 1st of September, 
the discoverers of Grand Falls reached the 
vessel waiting for tliem at Rigolette. 

To say that the journey down tlie river was 
an extremely arduous f)erforrnancB is stating it 
mildly. From the time they left their boat 
and provisions on the advance up the river 
until their arrival at its mouth again, seven- 
teen days later, Mr. Gary and Mr. Cole were 
steadily on the move, hurrying along to civili- 
zation again as fast as possible. During the 
seventeen days above mentioned, the distance 
passed over was more than 300 miles, above 
225 of which were accomplished on foot, 
with scanty supplies, tattered clothing, and 
scarcely any covering for the feet. In addi- 
tion to the long walk which tlie explorers 
were compelled to make, five rafts were of 
necessity constructed by them, the building 
of each of which required a great expendi- 
ture of energy and came near exhausting the 



men entirely. Indeed, Messrs. Gary and Cole 
regard the construction of the rafts as the 
most laborious and tiresome of anything ex- 
perienced by themselves during their travels. 

Beyond all this and perhaps worse to be 
endured than anything else were the irritating 
bites of the black flies, which surrounded the 
men in clouds, day after day. So intense was 
the torture inflicted by these insects that the 
travelers were obliged to forego bathing the 
face and hands, as the freshened surfaces only 
served to invite the more vigorous attacks of 
these pests. 

From these things it is very evident that 
the tramp down the river was a matter filled 
with difQculties and privations, which few 
would care to undergo. 

Mr. Smith and Mr. Young, the men who 
started on the return before the falls had 
been discovered, arrived at North West river 
in five days after starting, without accident 
or failure of -supplies, having met the Bryant 
party on the way. When Messrs. Cary and 
Cole reached the vessel at Rigolette the shout 
that went up for Bowdoin and her two 
hardy sons, who had returned successful, is 
described as simply tremendous. It is need- 
less to say that the reception of the men as 
they came on board will linger in the memory 
of every man who participated in it until lie 
shall cease to exist. The men, after arraying 
themselves in presentable garments and par- 
taking of the ship's stores of food, gave a 
full account of tlieir adventures to their eager 
companions. 

(To be continued.) 



It is said that Oxford University has expressed its 
willingness to send an eight-oared crew to Chicago 
for the World's Fair, provided it can be assured that 
American college crews will be there to compete. 

Yale, Johns Hopkins, University of Michigan and 
Cornell, are the only American Universities possess- 
ing a Christian Association building. Dartmouth has 
one neai'ly completed. 

Northwestern University will have in the neigh- 
borhood of 2,300 students the coming session. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



169 



I^hgme ar^d I^ea^orp. 



Point Tupelo. 

'Tvvas down an enchanted pathway, 

In a college of beautiful fame. 
If I knew not the risk I was running, 

Was I, then, a stranger, to blame? 

The sunshine was kissing the shadow. 
Lake Waban was kissing the land ; 

And the maiden who walked there beside me — 
What a thrill in the touch of her hand ! 

We stood looking out on the waters, 

We talked — was it science and books? 

I know not what witchery lurked there. 
Concealed in this maiden's looks. 

Some terrible fate was impending, 
I felt from the hint that she gave ; 

A spell in the shadowy branches, 
A spell in the whispering wave. 

I escaped, some divinity aiding. 

But who knows what my fate will be, when 
Once more I shall visit this college, 

And be tempted to risk it again. 



Green Fields for tine Muse. 

Oh Muse, where art thou ? Art thou gone? 

The Muse is worn and weary ; 
There's naught for her to dwell upon 

Within this world so dreary. 

There's naught that's tresh ! There's naught that's 
new. 

My Muse is quite exhausted! 
With her I seek an interview, 

Ah! she has fled disgusted. 

Still do I seek for something new. 

Ha! Brilliant inspiration ! 
My theme is fresh as morning dew ; 

" Freshmen " — its explanation. 



The Scholastic, 

With a hopeless fuddle of nebulosity 

Clouding his brain, 
And a mixlicuni muddle of ism and osity. 

Twisting his vane 
A little askew of the every-day plane, 



He sits recompiling the wisdom of ages, 

The poor useless drone. 
So it goes with some filing, some stretching of 
pages. 

As a foot-ball is thrown. 
He kicks off some dust but leave there his own. 



Humanity, the Apple, and the 
Fall. 

In October, in November, 
Even in the bleak December, 
Student throngs, thirst-recognizing. 
Prohibition quite despi.~ing, 
(Prohibition! They deride her!) 
Sally forth in search of cider. 



Capital Punishment. 

'■ My prisoner for life," 

Cried the newly made bride 

As she kissed her young lord 
Who sat by her side. 

"No! No! You're mistaken, 
My dear one," said he, 

"It's capital punishment 
Surely for me." 




.f^U 




& /^-^f* 



Osborne, '92, has returned 
to college. 
President Hyde preached at Welles- 
ley College, Sunday, November 1st. 

Ship Ahoy is to be presented in the 
Town Hall, December 5th. 
D. E. Owen, '89, made a visit to the college last 
Saturday. 

Littlefield, '94, has returned to college after being 
detained at his home for a short time by illness. 

Professor Lawton has sufficiently recovered from 
his illness to be able to attend to his recitations. 

The Sanitary InsjJeclor devotes almost its entire 
September number to the report of Professor F. C. 
Robinson, the Maine delegate to the Hygienic Con- 
gress at London, August 10-17th. 



170 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



The Sophomores in French have finished De 
Vigny's "La Canne de Jonc" and have begun his 
"Le Cachet Rouge." 

The Seniors have been puzzling their brains for 
some time, endeavoring to fabricate some sort of 
a ghost story for psychological uses. 

Professor Robinson spoke before the Knox County 
Educational Association at its meeting in Thomaston 
last Friday. 

President Hyde was one of the speakers at the 
meeting of Maine evangelical ministers, at Water- 
ville, last week. 

W. O. Hersey, '92, was elected G. W. P. at the 
meeting of the Grand Division, Sons of Temperance, 
at West Gray, October 29th. 

President Hyde and Professor Wells attended the 
meeting of New England college presidents at New 
Haven, Conn., last week. 

Rupert H. Baxter, '94, will deliver an illustrated 
lecture on Labrador in the Young Men's Christian 
Association Course on the evening of November 
12lh. 

McArthur, '93, and Glover, '94, officiated as 
referee and umpire at the foot-ball game between 
the Brunswick and Rockland High School elevens at 
Rockland, last Saturday. 

Monday evening, November 2d, the Junior astron- 
omy class wended its way to Professor Hutchins's 
house, where the wonders of Jupiter were displayed 
through the Professor's telescope. 

How popular Bath is when the Grange Fair is in 
session. The Bowdoin colony that established itself 
there during the nights of the great show thoroughly 
demonstrated the fact that the place possesses more 
than an ordinary charm. 

President Hyde was the speaker of the evening at 
the opening meeting of the Portland Congregational 
Club, for the season at the Preble House, last Mon- 
day evening. His theme was " The Equipment of a 
College." 

Professor Robinson has been engaged by Rev. J. 
S. Williamson, pastor of the Congregational Church 
at Augusta, for a series of five lectures on "Chem- 
istry." Experiments will be performed before the 
audience, illustrating the different points taken up. 

Not only are the members of the Junior class 
storing themselves with knowledge of chemistry from 
the laboratory work, but innumerable other stray 
bits of learning are being garnered. One man has 
just found out that the gas is to be turned off, and not 
blown out as he formerly supposed. 



Professor Lee will lecture in Kotzschmar Hall, 
November 12th, under the auspices of the Portland 
Camera Club. He will give the history of the recent 
Bowdoin Labrador expedition, and his lecture will 
be finely illustrated with the stereopticon. 

Mr. Henry E. Duncan, of Bath, has been engaged 
as instructor of the college quartette. Under his 
able instruction the quartette will doubtless quickly 
ascend the scale of fame and gain many admirers 
from the concerts which they propose to give. 

The New England Magazine for December will be 
particularly interesting to Bowdoin men. It will 
contain an illustrated article by Professor Little, on 
" Brunswick and Bowdoin College," and in addition 
to this, Rupert H. Baxter has prepared an article 
entitled "Terra Corterealia," which is an historical 
treatise on Labrador. 

North Appleton is the headquarters of a new 
society which bids fair to be very popular. It has 
the rather mystical name of Rho Eta, and its purpose, 
as the public is informed, is "hilarity and other 
agricultural pursuits." The membership as yet is 
not very extensive, but the society is to be recruited 
by the addition of two new members next week. 

A bust of Cyrus Hamlin has been received by the 
college. It is a present from Hon. W. W. Thomas, 
of the class of '61. Mr. Hamlin made a request 
that it might be placed in the Cleaveland Cabinet, 
where the result of this great genius, in the shape of 
the first steam engine in Maine, is placed. The bust 
has been disposed of in compliance to the request. 

Professor Lee delivered his first lecture on Lab- 
rador in Columbian Hall at Bath, November 6th. 
The professor was greeted by a large audience, 
which he thoroughly delighted by his descriptions of 
the land which has become so familiar to Bowdoin 
students since the visit of the now famous scien- 
tific expedition. Professor Hutchins very materially 
assisted Professor Lee by manipulating the stereop- 
ticon. 

The last lecture by Mr. H. H. Ragan was given 
Saturday, November 7th. His subject was "Glimpses 
of Scotland," and the brilliant manner in which he 
treated it made a very pleasant impression on his 
audience. That the lectures have been popular has 
been shown by the increased attendance at each suc- 
ceeding night. It is very seldom that Brunswick 
has such a sterling attraction, and the way in which 
it has been received shows the appreciation that the 
people have for a good thing. 

The following are the subjects for the last themes 
of the term : Juniors — Lessons Taught by the Elec- 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



171 



tions of November 3d ; Should State Money Be Used 
to Support Sectarian Schools ? Are Dickens's American 
Characters Justly Drawn? Sophomores— The Jury 
System in College Government; Does Brunswick 
Need a New Railroad Station? Anthony Trollope's 
Methods of Work. Themes are due on or before 
Wednesday, November 18th. 

President Hyde's afternoon talk in chapel last 
Sunday was of a very entertaining nature. He spoke 
of the new project which was brought forward by the 
New England college presidents at the meeting in 
New Haven last week. They propose that in the 
grammar schools scholars should begin to learn 
of the principles of algebra, geometry, and other 
branches now reserved for higher education, doing 
away with much of the routine and almost useless 
work which is now done in lower schools. President 
Hyde said that like all great reforms this would come 
slow, and he hoped tliat Bowdoin students when they 
went out into the world would lend their aid and 
support to the cause. 

The following appointments for the Sophomore 
prize speaking have been made : H. E. Andrews, 
Kennebunk ; R. H. Baxter, Portland ; T. C. Chap- 
man, Springfield, Mass.; F. W. Dana, Portland; F. 
G. Farrington, Augusta; F. J. Libby, Richmond; A. 
J. Lord, Ellsworth; G. A. Merrill, Pownal ; C. E. 
Michels, Brunswick; J. A. Nichols, Casco; E. M. 
Simpson, Newcastle; B. B. Whitcomb, Ellsworth. 
The speaking comes the last Thursday of the fall 
term. 

North Maine seems to be inhabited by any number 
of men whose strategy and cunning bids fair to win 
them many laurels when their college course is over. 
The latest example of their craftiness is, perhaps, 
the culmination of all previous efforts. It has long 
been a favorite trick there, when any kerosene is 
left outside a door, for some individual other than 
the owner to appropriate it. Thus was a wily '93 
man made a victim. He treasured thoughts of re- 
venge in his mind for some time, and when it became 
necessary to replenish his supply of oil, he left his can 
outside his door filled to overflowing with pure, cold 
water. The "swiper" saw his opportunity and the 
supposed prize was borne triumphantly to his own 
room, and poured into his own can. Night came 
and the newly-filled lamp must be lit. The match 
was applied. A splutter and then all was darkness 
again. Duped, outwitted — the "swiper" tore his 
hair in rage, and has spent all his spare moments 
since in cleaning out his oil can. 

Halloween always marks a bright spot in the 
career of a Bowdoin Sophomore. This year was no 



exception to the rule. By dint of much work and 
any amount of ingenuitv, the '94 men succeeded in 
removing the all-important function of the chapel 
bell, the tongue, not the ringer as one might suppose. 
Not content with this, the chapel was thoroughly 
bolted and barred, and left, as they thought, safe 
from the intrusion of the vigilant professor of land- 
scape gardening. But disappointment was their lot, 
for at chapel time, Sunday afternoon, a faint, gauzy, 
metallic sound from the tower told the wondering 
throng below that the male heir to the janitorship 
was above, and a furtive peep inside the door revealed 
him perched snugly in the dizzy heights, wielding 
with measured stroke a huge hammer. But the 
tongue has found its resting place again. With a 
magnanimity hitherto unheard of, on the night of the 
Wednesday following, '94 marched in solemn array to 
the domicile of Mr. Booker, and presented him the 
much-needed sound producer. The aged Nestor 
replied most fittingly after the presentation, and peace 
once more reigns supreme. 



fi^eiies,. 



FOOT-BALL. 

Harvard, 79; Bowdoin, 0. 

Wednesday, October 28th, Bowdoin played Harv- 
ard on Jarvis Field, Cambridge, with the above 
result. 

Bowdoin's game in tlie first half was terribly 
weak. Bowdoin started the play, but Harvard soon 
got the ball on downs. Fearing and Lake carried 
the ball down the field, and Trafford scored a touch- 
down and goal. In the center of the field Bowdoin 
made a good stand, but after several downs the 
Harvard rushers broke through the line and got the 
ball. From this time until the end of the half Harv- 
ard had little trouble in scoring, and ran her score 
up to 67. 

The second half showed great improvement in 
Bowdoin's play. The line held together better, and 
by repeated bucking the center where Harvard was 
weak, good gains were made, though at no time was 
the ball within 10 yards of Harvard's goal. During 
this half Harvard scored only 22 points, and was 
obliged to work hard to secure them. Final score : 
Harvard, 79; Bowdoin, 0. 

Throughout the game the Harvard rushers held 
unfairly and played off-side, yet Bowdoin's game in 
the first half was much poorer than it sLiould have 



172 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



been. Accidents wave frequent, and Hinckley, Stev- 
ens, and FairbanlvS, were all obliged to retire early 
in the game, and several of tlie others were more or 
less hurt. 

For Harvard, Newell played the strongest game 
in the line, and the work of all the backs was excel- 
lent. Trafford punted frequently and well, and made 
one goal from the field. 

During the second half Bowdoin's rush line played 
a plucky game. Carleton and Sweet excelled behind 
the line and made the most of Bowdoin's gains. 

The teams lined up as follows : 

Positio7i. 

Left Enil. 

Left Tackle. 

Left Guard. 

Center. 
Right Guard. 
Right Tackle. 

Right End. 
Quarter Back. 

Half Backs. 
Full Back. 
Score: Harvard, 79; Bowdoin.O. 
(8), Trafford (.3), Fearing (1), Newell (1), Emmons (I). 
Goals— Trafford (9). Goals from Field -Trafford (1). 

Umpire — Perry, Harvard Law School. Referee — Morse, 
Harvard Law School. 



Harvard. 
Bond. 
Emmons. 
Vail. 

Shea (Bangs). 
Highlands. 
Newell. 
Hallowell. 
Cobb. 
Lake. 
Fearing. 
Trafford. 



( 



Bowdoln. 

Cotliren. 

Bartlett. 

Stone. 

Dewey. 

Shav. 

Ridley. 

Chapman. 

Fairbanks. 
I Stacy. 

I Swett (Emery). 

Carleton. 

Touchd own s — Lake 



Tufts, 18; Boiodoin, 16. 

Saturday, October 31st, Bowdoin played the clos- 
est game of the season, against Tufts, on the Portland 
grounds. Bowdoin had the ball and made six yards 
on a V, but lost the ball on a fumble. Tufts forced 
the play and advanced the ball steadily down the 
field, scoring their first touchdown in five minutes. 
No goal. 

With the ball on the twenty-five yard line, Stacy 
and Carleton made good rushes through the center, 
and Bartlett went around the end for twenty yards. 
Off-side play by Tufts on the ten yard line gave 
Bowdoin five yards, and Bartlett was pushed over 
the line and scored. Carleton kicked the goal. 

Tufts took eight yards on a V, only to lose 
the ball on a fumble. Carleton kicked for thirty yards. 
Chapman tackled beautifully and Tufts dropped 
the ball, Bartlett securing it. Carleton kicked 
again, and it was Tufts' ball on the thirty yard line. 
By short rushes through the center Tufts forced the 
ball over the line. No goal. 

Carleton broke through Tufts' line for twenty 
yards, and good rushing by all the Bowdoin backs 
caiTied the ball rapidly down the field. Carleton 
made the touchdovpn and kicked a pretty goal. Time 
was called with the ball in the center of the field. 

After the ten-minutes rest Tufts forced the play, 
and scored after a few minutes of hot work. No goal. 



Carleton made another good run, Bartlett made 
good gains, and the ball was soon on Tufts' twenty 
yard line. Ridley was disqualified by the umpire, 
and Shay was subsliluted. Emery, who had taken 
Stacy's place at half-back was sent through the 
center for five yards, and Carleton soon scored Bow- 
doin's last touchdown. The trial for goal failed. 
Score: Bowdoin, 16; Tufts, 12. 

Tufts succeeded in rushing the ball to within fif- 
teen yards of Bowdoin's goal where they fumbled, 
Bowdoin getting the ball which the umpire returned 
to Tufts claiming that there had been a foul in the 
line. Tufts soon pushed the ball over for a touch- 
down from wJiich Ward succeeded in kicking a goal. 
Score : Tufts, 18 ; Bowdoin, 16. 

With four minutes to play, Bowdoin carried the 
ball down the field to Tufts' twenty-yard line, where 
time was called. 

Although Tufts' line was the heavier, Bowdoin 
held it well and Haskell and Chapman seemed to 
have little difficulty in breaking through. Bartlett 
played an excellent game at half, and Carleton as 
usual, could always be relied on for a good gain. 
Dovvnes appeared for the first time this season and 
played a good game. Chapman, Cothren, and all the 
backs did good tackling. 

For Tufts, Foss and Ward played a strong game, 
though the latter was off on his kicking. 

The elevens : 



Tufts. 


Position. 


Bowdoin. 


Dunham. 


Right End. 


Chapman 


Russ. 


Right Tackle. 


( Ridley, 
j Shay. 


Lambert. 


Right Guard. 


Haskell. 


Lane. 


CJenter. 


Dewey. 


Robinson. 


Left Guard. 


Stone. 


Mallette. 


Left Tackle. 


Downes. 


Stroud. 


Left End. 


Cothren. 


Clark. 


Quarter Back. 


Swett. 


Aldrich. 
Foss. 


Half Backs. 


( Bartlett. 
< Stacy. 
( Emery. 


Ward. 


FuU Back. 


Carleton. 


Referee— 


Fairbanks, of Bowdoin. 


Umpire— Edmunds 


of Tufts. 








The twenty-fifth annual convention of the Young 
Men's Christian Association of Maine closed Novem- 
ber 1st. It was so full of helpful suggestions that in 
the limited space which we have it would be hard to 
tell which was the more worthy of mention. Stirring 
addresses were delivered by Rev. M. S. Huges of 
Portland, Rev. H. E. Foss of Bangor, H. M. Moore 
of Boston, and J. L. Gordon, the General Secretary 
of the Boston Association. Mr. F. A. Kellar of Yale 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



173 



University presided at the college session, Saturday 
afternoon. 

The reports of the past year in the various col- 
leges were, of course, listened to with a great deal 
of interest. They showed that Bowdoin has the most 
complete oi'ganization of any college Association in 
the State, yet she seems not to be accomplishing 
much more than the others. Can we not well ask 
ourselves the question why this is? Are we each 
one doing all that we can in the line of work which 
the Association ha? marked out for us. If we are a 
chairmanof acomniittee, ora memberof any commit- 
tee, is it not possible for us in some way to make that 
committee more effective? An engine without fuel 
is of no use, even more useless, because cumbersome, 
is a committee which does not do its work. If every 
man would do that which he has an opportunity of 
doing, or one-half of it, it would revolutionize things 
and we should see our organization accomplishing 
results far exceeding what it is now. 

The Week of Prayer as appointed by the Inter- 
national Committee is that of November 8-14th. The 
reports of the week last year were very encouraging, 
not only from points in the United States but from places 
all over Europe. Mr. Fosssaidin his address the other 
evening, "The important question with which we 
have to deal is not a question of politics, it is how we 
can aid and encourage Christian work; and that 
question seems to be working itself out, in the col- 
leges, at least, by better organization and more earnest 
endeavor." Special meetings will be held during 
this Week of Prayer and we hope that many will try 
and attend. 




'25. — The Lewiston Journal, of Sat- 
urday, November 7th, publishes a very 
interesting, and somewhat amusing, account 
of the boyhood and youth of Nathaniel Hawthorne. 
The Journal cites some instances of Mr. Hawthorne's 
college course which may be new to many. 

'37.— Rev. G. W. Field, D.D., has recently re- 
signed the pastorate of the Third Parish Congrega- 
tional Church, Bangor, after a long period of labor 
there. 

'55. — Hon. William L. Putnam was, Tuesday 



evening, November 2d, elected to the Board of Trus- 
tees of the Maine Eye and Ear Infirmary in Portland, 
and on Wednesday, November 3d, was elected Presi- 
dent of the Maine General Hospital. 

'55-'60-'74. — At the annual meeting of the Maine 
General Hospital, held in Portland, Tuesday, Novem- 
ber 3d, W. L. Putnam, Bowdoin, '55, was elected 
President. Sydney W. Thaxter, '60, and William 
H. Moulton, '74, were elected to the Board of Directors. 

'64. — C. F. Libby has recently been elected to 
the Board of Directors of the Maine Eye and Ear 
Infirmary. 

'67-72. — At the meeting of the stockholders of 
the Kennebec Central Railroad, held in Gardiner, 
Monday, November 2d, Weston Lewis, Bowdoin, '74, 
was elected President, and H. S. Webster, '67, clerk. 

'73.— The fall meeting of the Waldo County Teach- 
ers' Association, held at Searsmont, October 23d and 
24th, was one of its most successful meetings. The 
presence of Professor A. F. Richardson added much 
to the interest of the occasion. — Leivislon Journal. 
In the evening Professor Richardson of the Castile 
Normal School gave a very able and interesting 
address on "The Nineteenth Century of Progress." 

7,5. —Saturday evening, October 31st, Mr. E. S. 
Osgood, City Editor of the Porlland Argus gave a 
very interesting and instructive address on "Edgar 
Allan Poe and His Works " before the Young Men's 
Democratic Club, of Portland, Maine. 

'80. — We are very sorry to hear of the critical 
illness from typhoid fever of Walter L. Dane, of 
Kennebunk, and join with his many friends in wish- 
ing him a speedy recovery. 

'84. — At the meeting of the Cumberland County 
Teachers' Association, held in Gorham, October 27th, 
28th, Llewellyn Barton, principal of North Bridgton 
Academy, presented an excellent paper on teaching 
mathematics. The Lewiston Journal says : " Mr. Bar- 
ton is a bright man, with good ideas and a power of 
putting them into terse and forcible English. His 
paper and the discussion following it were the bright 
spots in the afternoon. 

'88. — The Cumberland County Teachers' Associa- 
tion, at their recent meeting in Gorham, elected G. H. 
Larrabee, principal of the Pownal Institute, President, 
and W. W. Woodman, principal of the Gorham High 
School, Seci'etary and Treasurer. 

'89.— =Frank L. Staples was admitted to the Kenne- 
bec County Bar on Wednesday, October 21st, and has 
entered the Harvard Law School for further study. 
He passed exceptionally fine examinations and the 
presiding judge took occasion to pay him a high but 
well-deserved compliment. He was also heartily con- 
gratulated at the close by every member of the bar 
present. 



174 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 




Influence. 

I wonder if ever a wave ebbs out but it breaks on a dis- 
tant shore, 

Or falls any tears 
But the faces of years 
Are stained through the Evermore ? 

I wonder if ever a day is born or an evening to twilight 
steals, 

But they leave a mark 
Thro' th^gathering dark 
In the print of their golden wheels ? 

I wonder if ever a word is said or even a song is sung, 
But their souls live on 
When their sounds are gone 
In the Palace of Silence hung? 

I wonder if ever a life is lived but its being gives sweet to 
some. 

But its hands touch still. 

And its dream-voice will 

Speak after its lips are dumb ? 

And so may it be, thou forgotten one, when the cup of thy 
life is filled, 

That the world drink up 
From the shattered cup 
Whatever and all that is spilled. 

— Southern Collegian. 

In looking over the last number of the Bruno- 
nian, I noticed a li.st of nearly an hundred men 
who were taking honor courses in that institution. 
Here only two or three each year attempt any 
such thing, and as a result the very pleasantest 
as well as the most protitable work is neglected. 
The Brunonian truly says: "It has taken some 
time for it to be generally learned that the very 
cream of a study comes in the honor reading. 
Often a subject that seems rather dull in the 
elementary course presented in the curriculum, de- 
velops into one of remarkable interest when pursued 
a little further in the advanced work. Then there is 
the advantage of constantly coming into close con- 
tact with the professors or instructors. In the honor 
courses of some studies this amounts to nothing less 
than private tuition, tlie advantages of which are too 



well known to need emphasis," This is true — every 
word of it, and if we only realized it, I am sure many 
more of the students would take honor courses than 
now do. Many ought to shape their work this year 
so that they may be prepared next year to reap the best 
advantages possible, and that by an honor course in 
some branch in which they are especially interested. 

I have a weight upon my mind, 

I overheard him say, 
" That's good," she said, " t'will keep the wind 
From blowing it away." 

The following from the College Rambler contains 
a great deal of truth: "We have been studying 
lately the various and multiple theories of poetry 
which have vexed the brains of the cultured since 
prehistoric ages. We have talked learnedly and long 
about Dante and Milton and Byron and the rest of 
the inspired madmen — and then in our leisure mo- 
ments we have cooled off our enthusiasm over the 
high motive and purpose of poetry by reading the 
doggerel in our Eastern exchanges. If poetry is a 
composition in metrical language this doggerel is 
poetry. That seems to be about the only claim that 
it can hold to such honor. It is a wonder to us why 
so little poetry of worth is produced by the college 
men of the nation. Here among the men from whose 
ranks the greater majority of the next generation of 
poets will come one can scarcely find a glinting even 
of the most mediocre of talent. It is strange but true. 
It has reached such a pass, indeed, that the poetic 
form has come to be considered the proper vehicle 
for perpetrating puns in college papers." We only 
have to read the average college verse to see the 
evident truth of this. College verse is indeed de- 
generate. It argues weak, sentimental minds rather 
than sturdy, manly, thoughtful ones. Have college 
men come to see only the low wit, the cheap pun, or 
the anemic sentimentality of life, and not its possi- 
bilities, its grandeurs, its beauties, and its virtues? 
Surely college verse would point that way. Let us 
trust that the indications are wrong, however. 
An Age. 

The south wind warms the branches bare 
Of the old tree, leafless and brown, 

And, cheered by the sunlight's kindly care, 
He fears not Winter's frown. 

The old head white with tVie storms of life. 

But cheered by his children's care. 
Rests safe 'mid worldly trouble and strife, 

Nor dreads Death's cold despair. 

— Xassau Lit. 

It is customary at Yale for the various preparatory 

school clubs to supply their respective schools with 

the college papers, and thus boom the university. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



175 



We have received a copy of the Oeographical 
Mngazwc for November, which gives a very interest- 
incr account of our Labrador expedition, so even at 
this late day, Bowdoin is being spread abroad as 
the college that made those grand discoveries. 

The Western man who runs an "oration factory" 
is said to have done a $1,000 business with Cornell 
last ye.ar — Ex. 

According to the Wellesley Prelude a condition in 
that college "is generally regarded as an over- 
whelming disgrace." 

Zeta Psi is building a new chapter house at Cor- 
nell. 

There are 83 men in the college chapel choir at 
Princeton. 

Life-sized panels of athletes are being placed in 
the front of the new Yale gymnasium. — Ex. 

Walter Camp, Yale's authority on foot-ball, is 
writing an illustrated book, " American Foot-ball." 

There is a bureau of employment at Yale, which 
secures work for students who are working their way 
through college. 

White Violets. 

How easily your heart forgets, 

AVhat once could thrill it through and through! 
My tribute of white violets, 

All sweet and wet with morning dew, 
Meant more than other flowers, 
As I meant more than other men, 

My heart of hearts to you. 

And yet, to-night, you send them back. 

Crushed close within your letter's fold; 
Do withered leaves and brittle stems. 
And tiny, scentless hearts of gold, 
Bereft of sunshine and of dew, 
Mean less than nothing unto you ? 
How easily your heart forgets 
My violet of violets. 

— Southern Collegian. 

The University of Pennsylvania has regularly 
organized yelling squads. 

There are at present 200 college papers in the 
United States. — Ex. 

Seniors at Princeton will wear cap and gown 
throughout the year. 

Here is a question for you to ask your friend. We 
will use a figure each time. "If I say that my 
brother took me — a party, how shall I spell the (2) ? 
If I say he took my mother — , how shall I spell that 
(2) ? If now I say he took my — sisters, how shall I 
spell that (2) ? Supposing these to be right, I now 
wish to say I have written three (2's), how shall I 
spell this last word?" 

The following incident has come to us, illustra- 
tive of the exclusiveness of some of our young lady 



colleges : It seems a certain youth took it into his 
head to visit a particular friend of his in such an 
institution, situated on one of the spokes in Massachu- 
setts not more than fifteen miles from the Hub. A 
concert in the chapel was on the programme of the 
day, and the diifideot youth was soon seated by the 
fair student's side in one of the best seats, in bright 
anticipation of the coming treat of undergraduate 
harmony. But stern fate had something far differ- 
ent in store for him. One of the professoresses, who 
was watching with eagle eye the insurging flood of 
beauty and wisdom, beheld this maiden and her 
swain. It occurred to her discriminating mind that 
more room might be obtained by removing the 
youthful gallant, so marching up to him she, figura- 
tively speaking, seized him by the ear and, in spite 
of the damsel's imploring look, directed his aspiring 
steps into the cold and cheerless world. Pensive 
and heart-broken, he lingered beneath the windows 
and listened to the faint strains of melody, which, 
pouring through the colored panes with the varie- 
gated light, floated lightly up to heaven to mingle 
with the music of the spheres. 

Brown University has fallen in line in admitting 

co-education. 

Phew ! 

It was dark in the hall, 

And I thought it was Sue! 
They're equally tall — 
It was dark in the hall— 
But I knew by her squall 

That I'd gone and kissed Prue! 
Alas! It was dark in the hall, 

And I thought it was Sue! 

What 's the matter with Leland Stanford, Jr. ? 

In the last six years 389 students of the Prussian 
public schools have committed suicide on account of 
failure in examinations. 

The students of Wellesley will hereafter have 
access to the library on Sunday afternoons. 

The Faculty of Wooster University has prohibited 
intercollegiate contests. 



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A most excellent and agreeable tonic and appetizer. It nourishes 
and invigorates the tired brain and body, imparts renewed 
energy and vitality, and enlivens the functions. 
Dr. Ephraim Bateman, Cedarville, N. J., says : 

'■'■ I have used it for several years, not only in my practice, but in my 
own iiidivi lu;il case, and consider it under all circumstances one of the best 
nerve tonics ttiat we possess. For mental exhaustion or overwork it gives 
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Descriptive pamphlet free. 

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Beware of Substitutes and Imitations. 

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label. All others are spurious. Never sold in bulk. 



WHITEHOUSE BROS., 

DEALERS IN 

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Tobacco and Cigars a Specialty. 
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Magazines, Music, etc.. Bound in a Neat and Durable Manner, 
liuling and Blank Book Work of Every Description done to order. 



Mention Orient when Patronizing Our Advertisers. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Vol. XXI. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, NOVEMBER 25, 1891. 



No. 10. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 

PUBLISHED EVERY ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY DURING 
THE COLLEGIATE YEAR BT THE STUDENTS OF 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE. 



EDITORIAL BOARD. 

E. A. PuGSLEY, '92, Managing Editor. 

J. C. Hull, '92, Assistant Managing Editor. 

H. C. Paeyan, '93, Business Manager. 

F. V. GuMMER, '92. M. S. Clifford, '93- 

J. B. F. HoDGDON, '92. C. W. Peabody, '93. 

H. W. Kimball, '92. H. E. Andrews, '94. 

F. W. PiCKABD, '94. 



Per annum 
Single Copies 



in advance. 



$2.00. 
15 Cents. 



Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the IJusliiese Editor. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Com- 
munications in re^jard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Rhyme and Reason Department should be 
sent to Box 951, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal notes should be sent to Box 950, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post-OIBce at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 



CONTENTS. 



Vol. XXI., No. 10.— November 25, 1891. 

Editorial Notes, 177 

Miscellaneous ; 

Alumni News Notes 179 

A Dinner to the Labrador Expedition, .... 180 

College Library, 181 

M.I. A. A 181 

Jaclc Eaudolph's Sister 182 

A Legend from tlie Pines 183 

Labrador Expedition (concluded), 186 

Khymb and Reason : 

The Breakers 188 

Gold 188 

A Defense 188 

Junior Ease 188 

True to Thy Best 188 

Collegii Tabula 189 

Athletics, 190 

Y. M. C. A 191 

Personal, 192 

Pqlleqe World, , , 193 




We have not made a special attempt 
to make this issue of the Geient a Thanks- 
giving number, yet still the endeavor has 
been to give to it a little more variety and 
fullness than usual, hoping thus to contribute 
something, if possible, to the great number 
of good things of the good old Puritan 
festival. If we have succeeded in doing this, 
even in the least degree, then not in vain has 
the hour of retiring been slightly delayed 
while making up the number. 



BY THE time this issue of the Okibnt is 
in the hands of its readers. Thanksgiving 
day will be upon us — that day when gener- 
ous charity scatters most abundantly her good 
things, that the orphan may eat his fill of the 
luxuries of the king; that day which calls 
together again the scattered members of fam- 
ilies to renew the bonds of kinship and to eat 
of the fruits of the season, and bless the 
Giver of it all. Surely the day is worthy of 
its national celebration. It had its origin in 
the hearts of that same sturdy band of our 
ancestry who gave to us our social, civil, edu- 
cational, and religious institutions, and should 
be known and celebrated as widely as those 
institutions extend. Let the day then be 
celebrated wherever the flag of the nation 
waves and as long as the nation shall exist or 
be held in remembrance. 



178 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



IT MAY not be generally known that the 
little town of Plymouth, N. H., where the 
famous trial of Frank Almy for the murder 
of Miss Warden was recently held, has any- 
thing connected with it of interest to Bow- 
doin men, yet such is the case. It was at 
this place and in the Pemigewasset House, 
the hotel that sheltered so many of those 
attendant on the trial, that Nathaniel Haw- 
thorne died. He was on his way to the 
White Mountains, or the "Crystal Hills," as 
he so beautifully called them, in search of 
health and strength, in company with his 
friend, ex-President Franklin Pierce, when 
stopping there for the night, he passed away. 



TJTHIS year the recitations are to begin on 
'■' Monday after the Thanksgiving recess, 
instead of on Tuesday, as heretofore. It is 
needless to sa}' that this arrangement does 
not meet with the approval of the greater 
portion of the student-body, since it requires 
that the men return on Saturday, instead of 
on Monday, thus shortening the recess two 
days. The reason for this change we do not 
know, but we are inclined to think that the 
new arrangement is due in a measure to the 
fact that many students have fallen into the 
habit of delaying tlieir return until Thursday, 
when they should be back on Monday, thus 
causing delays in closing up the advance 
work of the terra and in beginning the 
reviews. If the cause has been divined 
aright, then we are ourselves to blame in 
part, at least, and should not complain too 
bitterly. Certainly if we cannot fix a limit 
and abide by it there are others who will. 
In fact, it seems that right here there is 
another illustration of a certain tendency that 
is abroad among us. That tendency is to 
avoid meeting the obligations of college life 
squarely and honorably, thus acquiring that 
discipline which should mark the college man 
and forming the habit of doing things at the 
time when and in the manner that they 



should be done. The result of all this is that 
we are simply cultivating instead of weeding 
out that spirit which swipes whatever it 
desires, throws filth out of the windows, 
renders onr reading-room a disgrace to the 
college, causes our athletic teams to be second 
or third rate, and renders such articles as 
those of L. W. S. more full of truth than of 
poetry. Are we going to take matters in 
hand and deal properly with them, or are we 
not? If we are, then let us make the best of 
the present situation and see to it that here- 
after we perform our part of the contract in 
maintaining the character, dignity, and regu- 
lations of a college which grants to its stu- 
dents more freedom than any other in the 
country. When there are reasonable grounds 
for complaint then it will be time to complain, 
and the Orient will speak as loudly in that 
complaint as any one. 



TyTR. TOLMAN, the tutor in Rhetoric, is 
J'^-*- preparing sketches of all of Bowdoin's 
Presidents, to be illustrated with their pict- 
ures, for the "National Encyclopsedia," a 
work soon to be published. It would seem 
from this that the old college is still held in 
high honor and that her reputation is to be 
still further extended. 



'D'i^IONG the miscellaneous articles of this 
/ ^ issue one will be found concerning the 
library by one of the library officials. Breth- 
ren, read it, reflect upon it, and profit by it. 



TlfHERE is one more important thing to be 
■*- said concerning foot-ball. The collectors 
will make calls for subscriptions due the asso- 
ciation immediately after the Thanksgiving 
recess. The management are attempting to 
score the touchdown and kick the goal which 
shall pay all the indebtedness of the associa- 
tion. The ball is now well down the field, in 
fact, on Horace Partridge & Co.'s 30-yard 
line. But a goal from the field will not win. 
Come back prepared to help take the ball over. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



179 



TN THIS issue we have an article from a 
-■■ former editor of the Orient, which we 
have read with much pleasure and advantage 
to ourselves, for it offers some valuable sug- 
gestions concerning a very perplexing subject. 
It is desired tliat the article may be read by 
evei'y subscriber of the Orient, and that its 
suggestions relating to the furnishing of 
information may be heeded. 



I 



i^eellar^eoGig. 



Alumni News Notes. 

To the Editors of the Orient: 

WAS glad to see in a recent Orient an 
editorial, calling attention to the impor- 
tance of maintaining an interesting depart- 
ment of alumni news in the paper. Having 
first entered upon the work by which I have 
since earned my livelihood— that of handling 
the blue pencil, scissors, and paste pot, — as 
an Orient editor something like a dozen 
years ago, I trust I may be paidoned if, 
unsolicited, I venture to offer an opinion and a 
suggestion or two on this interesling theme. 
Probably every board of editors that the 
paper has ever had has been well aware that 
the one thing needful to keep the graduates 
interested in the Orient is abundance of 
news concerning Bowdoin men. Neverthe- 
less the personal column does not to-day, and 
never has, come up to the ideal standard. I 
mean no reflection on the present board of 
editors ; they are doing quite as well as tlieir 
predecessors have done. But the fact remains, 
that, to those readers who most vtdue the 
paper for its information concerning the 
alumni — and they, I venture to say, include 
nine-tenths if not all of its graduate sub- 
scribers, — the Orient is not what it should be. 
With twice as many personals in each issue 
the alumni list of subscribers would be 
doubled ; with three and four times as many, 



the same class of patrons would increase in 
numbers proportionately. It is "business" 
to give this sort of news. But, like the most 
important rule in the fiimous recipe for cook- 
ing a rabbit, " first catch your rabbit," the 
essential prerequisite for the publication of a 
news item is securing the information on 
which the item is to be based. 

How shall the Orient editors get the 
news which their alumni readers want? Here 
are a few suggestions, given for what they 
are worth. First. — Let every editor work 
with the determination of making the per- 
sonal column a leading feature of the paper. 
In my day that department was entrusted to 
one man, and he got little help. Such a 
policy is a poor one. Every editor should 
make himself as familiar with the General 
Catalogue (or what years iigo was called the 
" Triennial " ) as with any college text-book, 
and as much more so as possible. He should 
be able to recognize the name of a Bowdoin 
man wherever it appeared. Then in his read- 
ing of the daily newspapers he could pick up 
and preserve many an interesting bit of 
alumni gossip. If there be a "personal" 
editor all the rest of the board should strive 
to assist him. 

Second. — -Interest the undergraduates in 
the department. Almost every man in col- 
lege has friends who were Bowdoin men of 
former j'ears. Most students have more or 
less correspondence with older alumni. Let 
them be taught that every bit of information 
concerning graduates is valuable, and that it 
is their duty to give it to the Orient. Work 
the fi'aternities for news. Each of them has 
a secretary and some, if not all, keep bio- 
graphical records of alumni members. No 
society secret will be betrayed by furnishing 
the interesting poi'tions of these records for 
publication. 

Third, and most important. — Encourage 
graduates to contribute news of themselves 
and their classmates. Each alumnus should 



180 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



consider himself in duty bound to notify the 
Oeient when he changes his post-office 
address or business ; when he gets married ; 
when his famil3' is increased ; when lie wins 
honors in politics or prizes in any other lot- 
tery ; in short, whenever there is news about 
himself he should tell it. Why, two " old 
grads " will meet after a separation of a 
year or two, and in a few minutes' conversa- 
tion they will mention enough items of inter- 
est, concerning themselves and classmates, 
to fill a page of the Orient. Yet, the chances 
are that neither has ever thought of supply- 
ing even a paragraph for the college journal, 
and mayhap they have allowed themselves to 
be dropped from the subscription list, alleg- 
ing that " the paper hardly' ever mentions any- 
body whom I knew when in college." 

The Orient has always been an able, 
representative journal of its class ; still, it is 
susceptible of improvement. Let it become 
a permanent register of the doings of the 
alumni, and its influence and popularity, as 
well as its prosperity, will be largely increased. 
An ex-Editor op the Orient. 
Boston, November 11, 1891. 



A Dinner to the Labrador 
Expedition. 

TITHE spacious dining hall of the Preble, in 
-*■ Portland, was the scene of a brilliant and 
enjoyable occasion on the evening of tiie 14th 
instant, and the evening was one that will 
long be remembered by the members of the 
Bowdoin Scientific Expedition, who were on 
this evening the guests of the alumni of 
Portland. 

At half past seven o'clock dinner was an- 
nounced, and to the explorers were accorded 
places of honor. President Emery, '36, of 
the Alumni Association, occupied the head of 
the table. On his right sat Professor Lee, 
while on his left was Hon. George F. Talbot, 
'37. Nearly every member of the Alumni 



Association was present, while the following 
is the list of names of the expedition party 
seated at the table : Professor Lee ; Gary, '87 ; 
Gole, '88; Rice, '89; Hunt, '90; Cilley, Hast- 
ings, Hunt, Porter, Simonton, '91; Rich and 
Young, '92; Baxter, '94, and Spear, ex-'94. 

Following the dinner, speeches were in 
order, and Professor Lee was the first speaker 
introduced. The Professor prefaced his ad- 
dress with a few fitting remarks of apprecia- 
tion and thanks to the alumni for their hos- 
pitality, and following these brief remarks he 
gave a concise and comprehensive account of 
the purposes, plans, and results of the work 
of the Labrador Expeditioii, which have been 
made so familiar by the press throughout the 
country. Professor Lee's address was listened 
to with much interest, and he was highly 
complimented on the results of the undertak- 
ing. Gai-y, '87, who with Cole, '88, made the 
hazardous trip to the Grand Falls of the 
Hamilton River, was next called upon, and 
made a few interesting remarks concerning 
the Grand River expedition, which has ren- 
dered the name of Bowdoin so illustrious. 
Mr. Gary said: 

You have asked me to speak for the Grand Rivor 
party. I should hardly represent them fairly if I 
did not testify to the willingness and courage which 
each of the men with me exhibited. We had many 
things to do, but tirst among them was the necessity 
of reaching the great falls of which such confused 
accounts had been given. 

We started at the mouth of a great, swift river, 
with our destination at an unknown distance. Then 
we were given but thirty days to make our trip, and 
when we at last got the word to go and headed our 
boats into the current, we knew that we were entering 
on a contest that called for all there was in us. 

It was a racing spirit with which we begun our 
work. Through the long pull that followed there 
was in the whole crew no failing of steady willing- 
ness and good courage. We who kept on to the end 
were rewarded by the glory of discovery and the 
grandeur that suri'ounded us. 

I also wish to testify to the willingness with which 
those who turned back sacrificed their wishes to the 
good of the expedition. 

Let me, in conclusion, say a word about the exjie- 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



181 



dition in the most general way. The interior of 
Labrador is the least known of any portion of the 
globe, so inaccessible that no two maps agree in its 
geography. But little is known of its geography or 
its inhabitants. 

Last summer's expedition has made known that 
the Grand River penetrates nearly to the geographical 
center of the peninsula. That fact and the relation 
of the river to the other great rivers of the country 
mark it as a great road into the interior. I think we 
may believe that last summer's work has furnished 
the stimulus and paved the way in all directions for 
the thorough and systematic exploration of the 
country. 

Mr. Gary was followed by Rice, '89, who 
gave a detailed account of the Labrador 
coast, its resources, etc. Cilley, '91, was the 
last speaker. Cilley rendered a high tribute 
to Professor Lee, and in the course of his ad- 
dress said: "To the untiring efforts of the 
Professor the success of the Bowdoin Expe- 
dition is due. It was he who planned the 
expedition and bore all its burdens. To him 
let ail praise be accorded." Hon. George F. 
Talbot, '37, closed the addiesses by a brief 
speech, in which he spoke in the highest 
terms of the work of Professor Lee in this 
unexplored corner of our continent. 

The members of the expedition enlivened 
the occasion by singing some of the college 
songs, which had been so well rehearsed dur- 
ing the northern voyage. It was at a late 
hour that the party separated, each bearing 
away the pleasantest recollections of the 
evening which had been so enjoyably passed. 



College Library. 

IT MAY not be generally known by the 
college students that this j^ear the library 
rules are to be strictly enforced. Such being 
the case, would it not be a good plan for 
every student, and all other persons in the 
habit of taking books from the college library, 
to carefully read and obseive all rules per- 
taining to books loaned? Ignorance of the 
rules will be no excuse for any one, hereafter, 
when fines are demanded for overdue books. 



or for more volumes taken out than the 
limited number. Three books out at a titpe 
is allowable each, if so desired, to be kept 
out one month and renewed at the expiration 
of that time, if not, in the meantime, reserved 
for another person. When the library is 
open all day and a part of the night there 
seems to be no good reason for allowing more 
than three books to be taken out by anybody 
at one time. 

The most important rules, and those 
transgressed most frequently, should be indel- 
ibly impressed on the memory. The rule 
relating to the signing for books is quite 
generally understood, but some of the new 
men either do nr.t comprehend the signing 
process, or forget sometimes to jot down the 
book taken out. It is kindly suggested that 
the whole list of rules be carefully read by such. 

One great improvement recently made in 
our library is most gladly welcomed by all, 
and that is the addition of electric lights and 
the consequent opening of the library even- 
ings, thus giving all tlie students more time 
for free access to the current magazines, 
reference, and reserved books. This proceed- 
ing, of course, necessitates the prohibition of 
removing any of the above-mentioned books 
from the library at any time, so that anybody 
who wishes may have the use of such books, 
whenever the library is open. 

This prohibition is one that ought to be 
honorably observed by every student, and it 
is hoped that it may be; otherwise very 
little good can come from the recent changes. 



M. I. A. A. 

'HN EDITORIAL in a recent number of 
/■'' the Colhy Eclio suggests that a Maine 
Intercollegiate Athletic Association be formed, 
and that an annual field-day be held at some 
central place, like Augusta for instance. 
This is a plan of which Bowdoin most heart- 
ily approves, and one which she will readily 
do her part towards accomplishing. 



182 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



For several years back the Obient has 
repeatedly proposed such a movement, and 
last year the directors of our athletic asso- 
ciation made advances to both Colby and 
Bates in regard to completing such an organ- 
ization, but for some reason or other the pi'O- 
posed association did nut materialize. But 
now that Colby has declared herself in favor 
of having an annual field-day open to the 
members of the fonr colleges in this State, it 
only remains for Bates and M. S. C. to give 
their cooperation towards forming (and main- 
taining) this intercollegiate athletic associa- 
tion, and then it will soon be a thing of reality. 

It is to be hoped that these colleges will 
not be slow in signifying their approval of the 
scheme, so that steps may be immediately taken 
for holding the first meet somewhere about the 
first of next June. In order that this field-day 
may be a successful one in all respects, dele- 
gates should be selected by each of the four 
colleges — an equal number from eacli — who 
should meet early in the winter and decide 
upon the time and place of holding the 
annual meet, the list of events, and whatever 
else may be necessarj' for the successful issue 
of the plan. By this arrangement the par- 
ticipators would have ample time for the 
careful training which must be undergone b}' 
him who hopes to win in any well-contested 
athletic event. 

The preparatory schools of Maine have 
already formed an association of this sort ; 
ought we to be behind in furthering any 
movement which tends to increase interest in 
college athletics? 

Jack Randolph's Sister. 

jnOM LORING and I had always been 
■*- friends ; yes, almost brothers, I may say, 
since our first term at boarding-school, where 
we met for the first time as Freshmen in a 
large class. Unlike many friendships ours 
flourished and continued through all the 
trials and pleasures of fitting school, so that 



our Junior year at Harvard — at the period of 
which I am about to write — saw us still as 
good friends as when, six years before, we 
began our preliminary work together. 

Tom was a handsome, wide-awake fellow, 
a good scholar, and in every way a man whom 
people like to know, and, during our Sopho- 
more year had been quite a prominent figure 
in society, both in Cambridge and Boston, 
wiiere he was a general favorite. 

One day, late in the fall, a few weeks 
before the Christmas vacation, Tom and I 
happened to go into Jack Randolph's rooms, 
which were just opposite ours, and found 
Jack reading a letter, wiiich, after a few 
remarks, he said was from his sister, adding: 
"She just sent me a photograph of herself; 
how do you like it?" holding up for our 
inspection the picture of a very pretty young 
lady. After we had given our opinions. Jack 
said: "Now, boys, I want you both to go 
down to W. with me for the Christmas vaca- 
tion ; my father and mother are away, and 
Helen and my brother, Henry, from boarding- 
school, will be alone, and I fancy we can have 
a good time." Of course we accepted at 
once, and, two weeks later, the term being 
finished, we started for W. 

At the station we were met by a smart 
coachman, who had a sleigh waiting for us, 
and in a few minutes we were driven up an 
avenue to a fine old stone house, adorned 
with piazzas and bay-windows, and disclos- 
ing, through its brilliantly-lighted windows, 
glimpses of the luxurious interior. On enter- 
ing we went immediately to our rooms to 
dress for dinner, and Jack, who came into my 
room a few minutes later, said that Helen, his 
sister, had a terrible cold, could hardly speak 
out loud in fact, but would come down for 
a little while after dinner. 

I will say of Tom that he " prinked " that 
evening, for, after I was rea.dy and waiting, he 
was fully ten minutes fixing his hair and tie. 
At last we went down, and after dinner was 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



183 



over and we were standing around the library 
talking, a rustle of sills made us glance 
toward the door as Miss Randolph came in. 
I remember she was dressed in some dark 
color, and, although she was very pretty and 
graceful, I could not help thinking that the 
picture Jack had shown us flattered her very 
much, for her hair was cut nearly as short as 
Jack's, and her moutli was decidedly large. 
Still she was very charming, and as she sat 
down by the fire, with a screen to protect her 
eyes from the hght, Tom and [ both decided 
mentally that she was a very agreeable young 
lady. She certainly had a terrible cold, for 
she could hardly speak above a whisper. 

Tom, as usual, immediately devoted him- 
self to her, and when, a little later. Jack 
asked us to have a game of billiards up 
stairs, Tom declined and said he should try 
and entertain Miss Randolph. As Jack and 
I left the room, Jack dropped into a chair in 
the hall and laughed till the tears ran down 
his cheeks, but would not tell me the reason. 

The next day .lack arianged a drive for 
us after breakfast, but when he and I came 
down we found Helen and Tom ensconced 
in a corner of the library, while Tom read 
aloud from a book of poems, and we could 
not persuade them to go with us. As we got 
into the sleigh to drive away they came out 
on the piazza to see us off, and Helen threw 
a snow-ball in a way that made me open my 
eyes, but, on reflection, I concluded it was 
because she had been so much with her 
brothers. At the same time it seemed to me 
that her hands were rather large for such a 
delicate girl. These thoughts, however, soon 
passed from my mind in the enjoyment of 
the ride. 

Two hours later, as we drove up to the 
door, a sleigh was seen approaching from the 
other end of the avenue, and Jack, with a 
shout of laughter, cried: "Come quick and 
see the fan ! " We hastily entered the library, 
where, near the grate, sat Helen and Tom in 



a most confidential attitude. The book of 
poems had fallen, forgotten, to the floor. 

As we entered the room, the hall door 
opened again, and a voice was heard calling : 
" Boys, where are you ? " Then the librarj' 
door opened and the real Helen came in, 
while the young lady with Tom, who was no 
other than Jack's younger brother in Helen's 
clothes, rose from his chair and said, in his 
natural voice, as he walked in his usual 
gait to the door : " Good-bye, boys." 

Poor Tom ! We could never get much 
either from him or from Henry, the false 
Helen, but he did not soon hear the last of it. 



A Legend from the Pines. 

WHAT witchery there sometimes is in a 
moonlight stroll through the forests, 
when all the dainty elves of the woodland 
are holding their revels and strive to bring 
into subjection to them all who venture 
among their retreats! What enjoyment it is 
to rest a moment by some rippling brook and 
to listen to its silvery music, while every tree 
and shrub and fern draws visibly nearer, as 
if to share our pleasure ! All the sounds 
of the forest add their enchantments, and 
the mind comes into such harmony with 
the mysterious forces around it, that the rust- 
ling leaves, as they whisper to one another, 
makes us also to understand their voices. 
The wind sings softly to the air of evening, 
or sports with the moonbeams, which glide 
down through the tree-tops and people the 
dells with shadowy nymphs, while every ray 
of starlight conveys to earth some faint echo 
of the sublime music of the spheres. 

We have now passed, let us imagine, far 
from the sounds of our commonplace life and 
are approaching the scene of our greatest 
enchantment. Here let us rest and see what 
romance of the past these lofty pines are tell- 
ing. We take our seat upon the slope of a deep 
ravine, around which the tall evergreens press 



184 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



close together to shut out the scene from pro- 
fane eyes. The n3'mphs of the woodland 
and the naiads of the fountain down below 
us, who were holding carnival here in the 
open space, break off as we approach and 
vanish to the deeper shadows till all is quiet 
again. Tiie Queen of Night, who was just 
now urging on the revelers, calml}' gazes 
down through an opening in the trees and 
rebukes us as intruders. We shrink back into 
the shade and patiently wait and listen to 
see if the music will not begin again. 

The little stream from the fountain first 
takes up its song as it hurries away, showing 
crystal clear in the moonlight. Then the 
whole chorus strikes up the music so rudely 
interrupted. We are no longer aliens since 
the elves have woven their spells around us 
and made us one with them. We sit and drink 
in sights and sounds such as mortal never 
before witnessed. But now a voice from 
above hushes all to silence again, and the 
loftiest of the pines begins to speak. We are 
vi'holly enchanted, as there falls upon our ears 
the epic of the woodland which this nympli 
of the pine is repeating. 

He tells of ages long past. No axe of 
steel had then disturbed the echoes, nor had 
any ruthless hand sought to rob the forest of 
its monarchs. But other men then peopled 
these retreats — men who loved Nature as 
Nature's children. Now they have passed 
from memory, since the oldest of the trees 
has scarcely seen them. The tree-sprite tells 
of their ancient glory ; of their chivalric spirit 
that could not endure a wrong unavenged ; 
of their manly courage, their skill in war and 
in the chase. 

Then he seems to glance down at tlie 
fountain as he begins to recite the story of 
how it first broke fortii ages ago. There was 
one dusky warrior, he says, who was stronger 
than all his fellows, one who led them in 
battle, and brought back from the chase 
richer spoils than they. But when, through 



the envj^ of those who ruled his people, he 
was disgraced, he went to a distant nation 
where no whisper of his fall might ever follow 
him. He was there, also, their noblest war- 
rior, yet when the report of his pi'owess 
among his new-found friends penetrated to 
his old home, and with sneering words was 
discussed by the young braves around the 
camp-fire of their chief, among all that cen- 
sured or spoke of vengeance there was still 
one, who sitting in silence in the shadow of 
her father's wigwam, heard all the charges 
and yet believed in the innocence of the friend 
. of her childhood. 

Years passed and the banished warrior 
was overcome with the desire to see again his 
native forests, even though his life should be 
forfeited therebj^. And soon, with only one 
chosen companion, he journeyed through for- 
est and open, by the great sea, and over wide 
rivers, until he stood one night upon the bank 
of a stream where every foot of ground was 
burdened with memories of all the pleasures 
of his life as well as of its bitterest moments. 
Here he hesitated, and then, as if impelled by 
some invisible power, moved on. He scarcely 
knew wh}^ he had come thus far, but once 
among familiar scenes he felt as if some one 
were waiting — always waiting for him — and 
so he advanced. 

Yet his coming was noted by jealous eyes, 
and again, at the home of the chief, was he 
reviled, and again only one there dared even 
to think of him as innocent. But there were 
to be deeds worse than revilings, for, when 
the moon rose higher, stealing silently away, 
unobserved, save by one anxious watcher, 
went the chief's sons, armed as if for the 
chase. Their prey was to be their former 
friend, whom they now feigned to scoi'n as 
renegade from his tribe. 

The cruel arrow did its work only too 
well, and their young victim, though mortally 
wounded, still, with the aid of his companion, 
gained again the depths of the forest, and, 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



185 



eluding their enemies, they came down this 
very ravine. Not a sound announced their 
approach; no twig snapped or leaf rustled 
beneath tlieir tread, and so gently was each 
branch pushed aside that a bird resting on it 
would not liave been awakened. Stealing 
down the slope, they stopped at its foot, and 
the warrior, whose face, as it showed in the 
moonlight, never lost its stern calm, sank 
down among the ferns and grasses. His 
heart was fast losing its crimson flood, so 
deeply liad pierced the savage flint. And 
there, so near the homes he loved, slain by 
those who were nearest to the one that still 
believed in him, the hero died, with only a 
stranger to watch the soul struggle upward 
to meet the Great Spiiit in whom it trusted. 

The stranger, more faithful than life-long 
friends, still stood by him, and, as he stooped 
to find that the heart throbbed no longer, he 
was startled by a slight sound above him. 
He listened intently a moment, then, raising 
the lifeless body of the warrior, lie bore it 
swiftly and silently away. 

Scarcely had he gone from sight, when an 
Indian maiden stepped down into the moon- 
light. Her face was as passionless as that of 
the dead brave, yet her slender form, made 
to bend like the willows, was rigid as an oak. 
She turned her restless gaze in every direc- 
tion, and at last looked down to the spot 
where the grasses were pressed to the earth, 
and appeared to be stained a darker color 
than they were wont to be. As she stooped 
to pick up a broken arrow close by her 
feet the leaves of a low shrub, moist with 
blood still warm, touched her cheek. She 
clutched the pitiless shaft, and, trembling, 
marked more closely the stains upon the 
leaves. The arrow she recognized. She 
knew it had been made in her father's home. 
She knew, also, that it had drunk the blood 
of one dearer to her than even her home, 
and, as her face was raised to the light, it 
showed oidy pity for the dead. Then her 



glance rested again on the arrow, and the 
stains upon it caused her to shudder, while 
her features became stern and hard. The 
shaft fell to the ground, as her hands were 
clasped convulsively above her upturned face. 
Her lips moved as if in prayer. 

She called down the curse of Heaven on 
those who had done this deed. She prayed 
for vengeance, though it should cost her own 
life. What cared she now. It was right to 
avenge the innocent and the friendless. A 
tear glistened in her eyes that had never 
wept before, so strong was this child of the 
forest. But even now she would not weep 
long, and, struggling to keep back all the 
pain and the pent-up passion of her nature, 
she shrunk back into the shadows, and in a 
moment was gone. 

When she came again to this spot, great 
clouds had passed over, and, with gentle 
rain, had bathed every leaf and grass-blade, 
so that no stain was left, and, where the 
warrior had passed away, this spring came 
bubbling forth as if intent on washing away 
evevy trace of the blood that had been poured 
out there. The storm had passed from the 
face of the sky, and, when she glanced into 
the crystal depths of the fountain, it smiled at 
her, and her prayer for vengeance had fled. 

She accepted this pure flood as something 
sent by the Great Spirit to teach her, and the 
clouds which overshadowed her life began to 
drift away, as the storm had passed from the 
sky. Yet she often came to look into the 
fountain and dream of what it said to her, 
and sometimes she glanced away to where, in 
the distance, glistened the river, under whose 
changing current her hero had been laid to 
rest, that no rash brave might dishonor the 
bod}^ which had contained so noble a spirit, 
or claim a trophy from so renowned a warrior. 



Syracuse University has tlie finest college build- 
ing in America. It cost $700,000, and was tlie gift 
of one man. 



186 



BOWDOIN ORIENT, 



The Labrador Expedition. 

( Concluded.) 

0N THE next day after the arrival of the 
men from the falls, the expedition set 
sail from Rigolette to make the passage home- 
ward. On the return but few stops were 
made, as the chief objects of the cruise had 
been accomplished. On the ai rival of the 
party at Hazel Hill, on the Strait of Canso, a 
station of the Atlantic Cable Company, and 
the first point made where immediate com- 
munication with the outside world could be 
had, the explorers were very cordially re- 
ceived by Mr. Dickenson, the agent of the 
company. This gentleman seeking in all 
ways at his command to honor his visitors, 
and to make their short stay at the station an 
event ever to be recalled by them with much 
gratification. 

From Hazel Hill the course was shaped for 
Halfax where, in consequence of information 
telegraphed ahead bj' Mr. Dickenson, a royal 
reception was given the party by the people 
of the city, the Premier of the Province and 
the humble citizen alike participating. En- 
tertainments were given by those high in 
social and political rank, in honor of the mem- 
bers of the expedition, and many pleasing 
privileges were extended to them by officials, 
clubs, and distinguished citizerjs. In all tiiis 
United States Consul Frye was ever busy 
looking after the interests and pleasures of 
the compaiiy, thereby proving again and again 
his high sense of the duties which he feels to 
appertain to his ofSce. 

After three days thus spent in enjoying 
the hospitalities of Halifax, the explorers 
again took to the ship, and set forth on the last 
stage of the homeward run. The Bay of 
Fundy, with its heavy swells and delaying 
fogs, was soon crossed, and on the twenty- 
third of September the entire party, with the 
exception of two who had come from Halifax 
by rail, in the best of health and spirits, 
arrived at Rockland, the port from which 



they had sailed in June, amid the welcoming 
shouts of tlie citizens, and to the intense 
delight of their relatives and friends. 

Concerning the results of the expedition 
it can be said that, when summed up, they 
count for more than one would at first 
suppose. A brief statement in regard to 
them is here given. 

One of the leading objects of the expedi- 
tion was to make a thorough examination of the 
shell heaps or kitchen middens of the north, 
for the purpose of establishing, if possible, 
the origin of some of the things found in the 
old shell heaps of Maine. It has long been 
thought that these latter contain evidences 
that the Esquimaux once inhabited the coast 
of Maine, and we have now secured material 
by means of which it will be possible to 
determine in a large degree whether this is 
true or not. Very many dredgings were 
made, and the things brought up throw con- 
siderable light on some subjects, which have 
been heretofore but little understood. It 
has been found that the living shells along 
the coast of Labrador are of the same species 
as those found fossiliferous in the clays of 
southwestern Maine. If it shall be shown 
from the similarity of implements, and other 
tilings found in the shell heaps of Maine and 
Labrador, that the Esquimaux did at one 
time live as far south as the coast of Maine, 
this, with the fact of the likeness of the living, 
and fossiliferous shells above mentioned, will 
furnish a strong reason for believing that the 
climate of New England was once much 
colder than it is now, and on the hypothesis 
that this great degree of cold was due to a 
greater elevation of the land above the sea level 
than we now have, will be seen to be strong 
evidence in support of the theory' of the ele- 
vation, and subsidence of the earth's crust at 
various epochs. 

The specimens of the animal life of the 
sea and land, which have been brought back, 
are full of interest, the number being several 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



187 



thousand. These will be useful for examina- 
tion and comparison not only in the Natural 
Histor}' department at Bowdoin but, the 
duplicates being distributed, will also be of 
value to like departments in other colleges as 
well. In ornithology also good work was 
done, a very full collection of the birds of the 
regions visited being made. 

In botanical work the expedition was very 
successful. Numerous fine specimens of the 
plant life of the country being secured. In 
several instances these specimens are of plants 
not known to exist in Labradoi' heretofore. 

In mineralogy the collections made are 
extensive, but no extensive deposits, however, 
of any of the valuable minerals or ores were 
found, this being due possibly to the lack of 
extended exploration in the interior of the 
country. 

The art specimens, which have been men- 
tioned before, are such as it is believed can 
be found in no other cabinet in the country, 
and the measurements taken of the Esqui- 
maux and mountaineer Indians, together 
with what was learned of their habits and 
customs, will certainly make a respectable 
contribution to anthropology. 

The discoveries pertaining to Grand River 
are of considerable importance, practically, 
in that they show the stream to be one of the 
great rivers leading to the interior of the great 
country to the north. They are also of much 
geological importance, since they settle some 
points as to the age of the continent in that 
region. 

Photography played an important part 
in the work of the expedition, a negative of 
nearly everything noteworthy being taken. 
The result is that hundreds of fine pictures 
have been brought back, illustrating the 
country, its people, and their modes of life. 

Accurate and systematic thermometric 
and barometric readings were taken, and the 
depth and temperature of the water were 



carefully noted at frequent intervals along 
the course of the cruise. 

The region was found to be very sparsely 
populated, the lack of medical attendance 
and tlie rigors of the climate permitting only 
the fittest to survive. The means of com- 
munication between the countiy and the rest 
of the world was observed to be very limited. 
As an illustration of this fact, at one of the 
ports entered by the expedition a steamer 
had just arrived bringing the people their 
Christmas cards, mailed to them seven or 
eight months before. Good harbors were 
found all along the coast, and comparatively 
good weather was experienced throughout 
the cruise. Mosquitoes were found in great 
numbers all along the coast, and it was nec- 
essary to wear netting over the head and 
thick gloves on the hands to do work on the 
land with any comfort. The expedition went 
north to latitude 57° 35' before being com- 
pelled to turn back, and were absent from 
Rockland 88 days. Taken all in all, therefore, 
it is at once seen that the results are worth all 
the efforts put forth to secure them, and 
equal to what was expected at the outset. 

The work of the expedition was divided 
up and put in charge of certain members of 
the company. Of course at the head, and 
superintending all, was our eminent Professor 
Leslie A. Lee. Dr. John C. Parker had 
charge of the work in Botany, the Geological 
department was under the supervision of Mi-. 
Austin Gary, and Mr. Spear looked after the 
department of Archaeology. Mr. R. H. Hunt 
had the oversight of the deep-sea dredging, 
and the surface dredging was in the hands of 
Mr. C. S. Rich; Mr. W. R. Smith had charge 
of the soundings, thermometric and barom- 
etric readings, etc., and Mr. J. M. Hastings 
managed the department of Taxidermy ; Mr. 
J. P. Cilley served as treasurer of the expedi- 
tion, and in the absence of Mr. Smith super- 
vised his department. In closing this sketch 



188 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



it may not be out of place to mention the 
sources o£ our infoimation. Most of it has 
been derived )<ersonally from the members of 
the expedition, being verified, in some in- 
stances, from their articles prepared for the 
press. Copious notes were also obtained in 
the beginning from Professor Lee himself. 
If there are any errors or omissions in the 
article, and it is pi'obable that there maj^ 
be some, we shall be pleased to correct them 
at the suggestion of any one discovering 
them. 


A Defense. 

The Mighty Masters labored long 

To perfect their exquisite song ; 

Their Muse to loftiest grandeur soared, 

Or mines of golden thought explored. 

And how can we, with sickly Muse, 

Or none, and little time, infuse 

Into our college papers aught, 

Save jingling rhyme and merry thought? 

But scorn awaits the youth's "Grand Style," 

While humble puns provoke a smile. 


Junior Ease. 


j^hyme arpd I^eagorp. 


In his brain is molecular valance, mingled with test 

tubes and beads, 
And oxidized nicely in Latin roots and William the 


The Breakers. 

I am on a barren island, 

Bleak and lonely in the sea. 

And the breakers on the ledges 
Tell a tale that's sad to me. 

Tell that man is only mortal, 

While the sea roars on for aye. 
Say the ledges last forever. 


the Red King's deeds, 

Themes of every description, with fragments of cat 
and frog. 

Azimuth, nadir, and zenith, with stars of the magni- 
tudes odd. 

Kinetic forces and voltage mixed up with syntax in 
Dutch, 

Yet when the examination comes this compound don't 
count very much. 


But the works of man must die. 

And they seem to laugh with pleasure, 
. As they climb the rooky shore. 

Seem to say with spirit boastful, 
"This we do forever more." 

Yes, they mock me and defy me. 
Tossing high their spray like rain, 

Then recede with merry jesting. 
Only to return again. 

But the saddest thought they bring me. 
These huge breakers on the rocks. 

Is that I, alas ! was careless. 
And I now have no dry socks. 


True to Thy Best. 

If man were but true to the best that is in him. 
And would lift into being his spirit divine, 

Throvv oft" the wide world with its shackles of thrall- 
do m. 
And say to his ideal "Yes thou shalt be mine ;" 

If man would but list to the promptings of conscience 
And live, as he knows, from day unto day. 

Then life would be happy and joyous and gladsome. 
The songs of his spirit — one jubilant lay. 

All doubt, discontent, and all sorrow would vanish. 

And man unto man each a brother would be. 
The visions of prophets, the hopes of all ages. 


Gold. 

There's a charm in sweet music, when gently flowing. 
That wraps our dull souls in its magical fold; 

But no note e're so sweet o'er summer lute flowing, 
Compares with the clink of the bright yellow gold. 

No ear e're so dull but its sweet cadence treasures ; 

No classical taste ere finds fault with its strain. 
It thrills every heart with its rhythmical measures. 

And all the world rings with its clinking refrain. 


Enthroned in existence at last we should see. 


The foot-ball team of the Manhattan Athletic Club 
has been practicing for some time at night, with the 
aid of electric lights. 

The Czar has sent to the Stanford University in 
California a magnificent collection of rare minerals, 
valued at $35,000. There are more than eight 
hundred specimens in the collection. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



189 



^^^^^"^ 








Rice, '89, Hunt, '90, Oil- 
ley and Simonton, '91, were 
visitors at the college recently. 

Car}', '87, and Cole, '88, made the 
college a visit recently. 

A boating meeting was held Novem- 
ber 11th, and Bagley, '94, was elected treasurer of 
the Navy. 

Ledyard, '95, has left college. 
Jackson, '95, is teaching in VViscasset. 
Plaisted, '94, is at home on account of illness. 
Staples, '89, was a visitor at the college last week. 

Stacy, '93, made a short visit to the college last 
week. 

Baldwin, '93, has been in Boston on a short busi- 
ness trip. 

Professor Wells preached at Auburn, Sunday, 
November 8th. 

Professor Lawton read his translation of Antigone 
in Lower JVlemorial, November 13th. 

Has anybody noticed Jesse's whiskers? Hardly 
enough for the wind to blow through. 

Mr. T. F. Seward, of New York, spoke at the 
morning chapel exercises, November 10th. 

W. O. Hersey, '92, and Bucknam, '93, are attend- 
ing the Theta Delta Chi Convention, in New York. 

The Freshmen are receiving their charts, and are 
spending their spare time in looking up the deficien- 
cies in their development. 

Mr. A. W. Tolnian acted as best man at the 
wedding of J. Williamson, Jr., '88, at Augusta last 
Thursday. 

Professor Purington and a number of young 
ladies from the Farraington Normal School visited 
the college last Friday. 

The Bowdoin quai-tette, assisted by Rich and Gate- 
ley, '92, gave a very sucessful concert at Bovvdoin- 
ham, last Thursday evening. 

President Hyde's talk in chapel, last Sunday, was 
on the evils of using tobacco. He cited many reasons 
for abstinence from its use, giving the injurious 
effects of the pernicious habit of cigarette smoking. 



Instructor Wheeler has been ill for a few days 
with a fever. It is to be sincerely hoped that he will 
soon be able to attend his classes. 

About 2,000 catalogues are distributed annually 
by the college. This makes an immense mou nt of 
work for the library force, who attend to the matter. 

Mr. Sewall, of New York, President Hyde, and 
Professor Wells, conducted a mass-meeting at the 
Congregational church, last Sunday evening. 

It is the intention of Mr. Wheeler, the German 
instructor to form a class of those who wish to read 
German outside the regular work. The text-book is 
to be Schiller's Roeber. 

Professor Little is preparing to exchange some 
of the duplicate geological reports and periodicals 
which the library contains with the University of 
Syracuse. About one hundred numbers will be 
sent. 

"Eat and run " is what the Faculty has decided for 
the students to do at the Thanksgiving recess this 
year. The time has been shortened by one day, so 
that everybody will be expected on hand Monday 
morning prepared for work. 

W. B. Kenniston celebrated his attaining man's 
estate by an elegant spread in his room last Saturday 
evening. The " quartette " rendered several touch- 
ing selections, and helped to make Billie's entrance 
to manhood an auspicious one. 

Professor Hutchins gave a very interesting lecture 
to the Junior astronomy class last Wednesday even- 
ing. Alter showing views of an astronomical nature, 
a number of the photographs of Washington, D.C., 
whicli the professor took this summer, were given. 

The Athletic Committee has been organized as 
follows : Alumni Representative, J. A. Waterman, 
Jr., '85; President, E. U. Curtis, '82; Faculty, Prof. 
Moody; Treasurer, Dr. Whittier; Seniors, R. F. 
Bartlett, Swett; Juniors, Payson, Ridley; Sopho- 
more, Farrington. 

Professor Lee gave his lecture on Labrador in 
Bangor, last Mondaj' evening. On December 8th 
the lecture is to be given in the Town Hall for the 
benefit of the Foot-Ball Association. It will be the 
first chance that Brunswick has had to hear the account 
of the trip, and a large audience is a surety. 

Some bold, brash boys made a tour of the college 
ends one night last week, and screwed up the door 
of nearly every Sophomore There was gnashing of 
teeth in the morning, and many exits were made 
from windows. One of those who attempted this 



190 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



method lost his balance and made tTie distance to the 
ground in remarkably quick time. 

At a recent class meeting the Juniors voted to 
have a dancing school, and Jones, Goodell, and 
Buckiiam were appointed a committee of arrange- 
ments. The prospects now are that the project will 
be nipped in the bud on account of lack of patronage. 
It seems too bad to let the custom go, but it looks as 
if it must. 

Professor Lee delivered his Labrador lecture in 
Portland, November 12th, under the auspices of the 
Camera Club. On the same evening Baxter, '94, 
delivered a lecture on the same subject at the Port- 
land Y. M. C. A. Hall. The Portland Press the next 
morning had excellent cuts of both lecturers, and the 
account which the paper contained gave many com- 
pliments to the speakers. 

The Freshmen have elected the following officers : 
President, Lovejoy ; Vice-President, Savage ; Secre- 
tary and Treasurer, Badger ; Poet, Churchill ; His- 
torian, French ; Orator, G. L. Kimball ; Opening Ad- 
dress, Doherty ; Toast-Master, Fairbanks; Prophet, 
Christie; Committee of Arrangements, Leighton, 
Foster, W. S. Kimball ; Odists, Fessenden, Hatch, 
Shaw. 

A Senior has been puzzled for some time past as 
to the cause of his receiving such an immense number 
of religious papers as have recently been pouring 
into his mail-box. He began to wonder who had 
undertaken the task of reformation. Finally the 
cause leaked out, and the reformers were discovered. 
It seems that one of his neighbors in South Maine 
sent an answer to an advertisement, giving the vic- 
tim's name as the one to whom the papers should be 
sent. The result is religious literature enough for 
the whole population of the end. 

The annual catalogue of Bowdoin College which 
has just been issued, shows a total attendance of 272, 
a slight increase over that of the previous year, di- 
vided as follows : Medical students 99, Seniors 40, 
Juniors 34, Sophomores 42, Freshmen 53, specials 4. 
Among the changes in the course of study may be 
noted the increase of one in the number of electives 
to be chosen by the Seniors, and the insertion of a 
new course of bibliography offered the Juniors in 
connection with English history. Announcement is 
made that to meet the wants of those who desire 
direction in home study, the college is prepared to 
give in neighboring cities courses of five lectures 
each on the university extension plan on any of 
(he following subjects : English litei-ature. Biblical 
criticism, Greek tragedj', Biology, Chemistry and 
Sociology. 



FOOT-BALL. 

Ninety-Two, 16; Ninety-Three, 16. 

Wednesday, November 11th, the first game in the 
class contests between '92 and '9.3 was played. Not- 
withstanding the heavy rain which fell throughout the 
game both sides played a strong, steady, offensive 
game, though both teams were rather weak in defen- 
sive work. 

The game was delayed by considerable discussion 
as to whether Stone, a special, should be allowed to 
play with '93. It was decided in the negative, but as 
'93 had no substitutes on the field, '92 allowed Stone 
to play rather than have '93 forfeit to them. 

After five minutes' hot work Wilson secured the 
first touchdown for '92, from which Dovvnes kicked a 
goal. '93 in turn steadily gained ground, and by 
good work of the backs Carleton scored a touchdown 
and kicked a goal. Score, 6 to 6. 

By good dodging and running Mann scored 
another touchdown for '92, but Carleton again tied 
the score by a series of short, hard rushes. Just 
before time was called Mann placed another touch- 
down to '92's credit. Goal. Score: '92, 16; '93, 10. 

In the beginning of the second half, Carleton, who 
seemed to break through '92's line almost at will, 
again carried the ball over '92's line and kicked the 
goal. Score, 16 to 16. Shortly after, the game was 
called on account of darkness, with the ball on '93's 
ten-yard line. 

For the Seniors Mann did the best work, making 
many long runs and breaking through the line well. 
Carleton played half the game for the Juniors and 
the other backs gave him good assistance. Stone 
played the best game in .the line. The elevens : 

Seniors. Position. Juniors. 

Cothren. Left end. Savage. 

Downes. Left Tackle. May. 

Osborne. Left Guard. Stone. 

Poor. Centre. Shay. 

Nichols. Right Guard. Baldwin. 

Young. Eight Tackle. Ridley. 

Stacy. Right End. Jones. 

Swett. Quarter-back. Hucknam. 

Wilson, j -p ,. , , j Hutchinson, 

Mann, j Malt-DacKs. j Emery. 

Bartlett. Full-back. Carleton. 

Ninety-Four, 8; Ninety-Five, 8. 
Saturday, November 14th, the championship 
game between '94 and '95 was played on the delta. 
The Freshman team were much heavier than their 
opponents, and were generally looked upon as 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



191 



winners, as '94 was weakened by the absence of 
Stevens, Ross, and Chapman. 

The Sophs had the ball, and took ten yards on a 
V, and in eight minutes ibrced the Freshmen to 
make a safety touchdown. Score: '94, 2; '95, 0. 
After play was resumed the Freshmen carried the 
ball down the field by good rushing, and, after six 
minutes' play, Kimball broke through the line and 
scored a touchdown, and, a moment after, Fairbanks 
secured another (?) but failed to kick a goal. Time 
was called with the ball near the center of the fields 
Score : 8-2, in favor of '95. 

In the beginning of the second half, Horseman 
injured his knee and was obliged to retire, Bagley 
taking his place. After ten minutes' hot work in the 
center of the field, long rushes by Hinckley round 
the end, aided by good blocking off, gave '94 a 
touchdown. Goal. Score: '94,8; '95,8. Time was 
called with the ball on '94's 15-yard line. 

For '94, Hinckley and Sykes made good gains, 
while Plaisted and Farrington did good work in the 
line. Lord and Dewey, at guard, were evenly 
matched, and both the center men played a steady 
game. Fairbanks did most of the work for '95, and 
made some pretty rushes. Kimball and Dewey did 
the best work in the line, the former breaking through 
well and making several good gains with the ball. 

The teams lined up as follows : 



'94. 




Position. 


'95. 


Plaisted. 




Eight End. 


Stubbs. 


Farrington. 




Right Tackle. 


Kimball. 


Lord. 




Eight Guard. 


Badger. 


Thomas. 




Center. 


Dennisou. 


Horseman (Bagley). 


Left Guard. 


Dewey. 


Wilbur. 




Left Tackle. 


Soule. 


Dana. 




Left End. 


French. 


Allen. 




Quarter Back. 


Leighton. 


Hinckley, ( 
Sykes. ) 




Half Backs. 


Fairbanks, 
Mead. 


Anderson. 




Full Back. 


Mitchell. 


Time — 20-minute halves. Umpire- 


-Cothren, '92. Ref- 


eree, Carleton, 


'93. 







The game with Tufts, at Portland, an account of 
which was given in the last number of the Orient, 
closed the season for the Bowdoin eleven. While 
the team has won few victories, it has nothing to be 
ashamed of in its season's record. Few of the men 
had played before this year, yet we contended on 
even terms with experienced elevens from Brown 
and Tufts. 

Of the men who have played regularly as the 
team this year we shall lose four by graduation 
before next season's work begins. Bartlett, Cothren, 
Swett, and Stacy are all good players, and their loss 



will be felt, but, with the balance of the team and 
substitutes remaining, and the incoming class to 
draw from, we ought to be in better condition next 
fall than we were this year. Foot-ball at Bowdoin 
is steadily growing in popularity, and the class 
contests now in progress will help much in training 
the men and in giving them a knowledge of the 
game. 

The team has been especially fortunate this year 
in its management. The duties devolving upon a 
manager are by no means light, and Mr. Young 
should receive due credit for the manner in which he 
has performed them. 

Financially the Foot-Ball Association is in much 
better condition than at this time last year. Indeed, 
everything seems to point to a successful season in 
1892. 



'. m.fi. 



" Know thy work and do it," was Carlyle's defini- 
tion of the essence of Christianity. While we may 
not wish to accept this motto as all-inclusive of the 
principles which Christ gave to the world, yet every 
Christian man might well include all of it in his 
creed. That we neither can know our work too well 
nor do it too well, applies exactly to the work of the 
Young Men's Christian Association. 

We all are ready to acknowledge that there is 
work enough for every member to do, and that the 
organism of the Association is the best means we 
have in college of doing it; but when we come to 
action, are we not apt to place a great many things, 
yes, almost everything which we have to do, ahead 
of this work? It is surprising what a microscopi- 
cally small excuse is sufficient to wipe out all respon- 
sibility for something which we should have done but 
did not do. Indeed, if it should be pi'esented to us 
from any other side we should never recognize it as 
applicable to the case in hand. 

But why should a Christian man trouble himself 
about the work in college ? First, it is a duty which 
he owes to the college just as much as he would owe 
it to any community in which he might live. The 
college demands of everyone his best endeavor in 
this direction as well as in every other. If those who 
profess to be Christians will not try to maintain a 
high standard of Christian life in college, who will 
do it ? No one else can do the work which it is the 
duty of the students themselves to perform. 

Second, we owe it to ourselves to speak plainly, 
and say that if a man should say right out in so many 



192 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



words, that lie had dropped all responsibility for 
four years when he entered college, that man had 
better be out of college than in it. No one believes 
there is a man in college who would make the above 
statement orally, yet actions, speaking louder than 
words, are on the part of some of us declaring this very 
thing. Why then can not a man commence to do 
Christian work here? If the answer to this question 
is because he is busy here, the answer to it later on 
will be because he is busier after getting out of col- 
lege than ever before. li' the answer is because he 
don't know how here, it will be because he don't know 
how after graduation. And so it goes througliout the 
whole category of reasons. The fact is there never 
will be a better opportunity to throw one's self 
into practical Christian work, than -the Association 
in college offers. 

The class in Bible study met for the first time, 
November 10th. The work, as then outlined by 
President Hyde, will be a critical study of the 
Epistle to the Galatians, comparing it with the other 
writings of Paul. A general outline of the work 
for each week will be given the week before by the 
President, so that all may follow the work with as 
much study as they please. The study of the book 
will be interesting, not only because it is one of the 
most pithy of Paul's epistles, but also from its being 
the cause of Luther's revolt from Rome, and thus 
the primal cause of the Reformation. 

The Neighborhood Word Committee have made 
arrangements to assist the jieople of Hillside in 
their meetings. They have no preaching there, but 
manage to maintain a Sabbath school and a meeting 
Sunday afternoon. Last year, whenever the weather 
permitted, two or more of the men from the college 
would go out and help in the meeting in whatever 
way they could. The Hillside people were very 
glad to have such assistance, and the same plan will 
be carried out this year. Such work is not only a 
help to the people, but to those who go. It offers a 
grand opportunity of seeing the disadvantages under 
which a large proportion of the people of this 
country are, as far as church privileges are concerned, 
and every one, if a chance is afforded them, should 
improve the opportunity of aiding in this work. 



At the new Chicago University the entire year is 
divided up into quarters of two terms of six weeks 
each. The student chooses which two terms he will 
take for vacation. 

There is only two fonts of Sanskrit type in the 
United States, one of which was secured by Professor 
Whitney, and is now in the office of the Yale Uni- 
versity printer. 




[One of the complaints fre- 
' queutl} made iu regard to our 
Pel SOD il Depiitment is lliat too many of tlie 
notes are clippings from otlicr papers, and thus 
are old and devoid of their original interest by the 
time they reacli our readers. Tet how can this evil, 
for we are aware of our short-comings, be remeded? 
We have frequently requested the assistance of the alumni in 
making the column more readable and interesting, but little 
assistance is received. To be sure there are some who, from 
time to time, send items which are of considerable value and 
assistance. To such we would extend our hearty thanks, and 
once more ask others to follow suit. Please address Personal 
Editor, P. O. Box 950, Brunswick, Maine.] 

'40. — The parishoners of Rev. Elijah Kellogg 
showed their appreciation and affection for their 
beloved pastor in a very pleasant and informal man- 
ner, by giving a donation party to his honor, Thurs- 
day, November 12th, at the residence of Mr. Wil- 
liam Alexander of Harpswell. 

'46. — Rev. Dr. E. B. Webb, recently pastor of the 
Shawmut Congregational Church in Boston, Mass., 
and formerly a pastor of the First Congregational 
Church of Augusta, is enjoying a winter's rest in 
California. 

'74, '79, Medical '83 and Medical '89.— The physi- 
cians of York County met in Saco, Wednesday, 
November 11th, and organized the York County Med- 
ical Society. Among the officers elected were pres- 
ident, C. M. Sleeper, Medical '83, of South Berwick ; 
vice-presidents, W. T. Goodale, '74, of Saco, and J. 
K. P. Rogers, Medical '89, of San ford ; censor, G. 
W. Bourne, '79, of Ivennebunk. 

'7.5. — Rev. George C. Cressey, of Salem, Mass., 
has an article in the current number of the Post- 
graduate and Woosler Quarterli/ on "Mental Evolu- 
tion in Relation to the Doctrine of Irnmortality." 

'77. — John E. Chapman is on the" editorial staff of 
the YoidKs Companion, Boston. 

'79. — A literary club has been organized at Nor- 
way, Me. Frank Kimball is its president. 

'79. — Heber D. Bowker is a dealer in clothing and 
gentlemen's furnishing goods at Milford, Mass. 

'80.— Ed. C. Burbank, of the Boston Journal, has 
a daughter a few weeks old. 

'80.— George L. Weil, of North Andover, Mass., 
has lately been appointed a municipal court justice. 
He still has his law office in Boston. 

'80. — Dr. A. D. Holmes is practicing his profession 
in Hyde Park, Mass. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



193 



'81. — Dr. Carleton Sawyer is practicing his pro- 
fession in North Conway, N. H. 

'81. — L. B. Lane is principal of the High School 
in Falmouth, Mass., having recently removed from 
Iowa, where he has resided nearly all the time since 
graduation. 

'82. — Jesse F. Libby is the law partner of General 
A. S. Twitchell at Gorham, N. H., and one of the 
busiest professional men in that growing town. 

'83. — J. W. Knapp is now employed in the 5o.s- 
ton Journal office, stereotyping department. 

'85. — W. R. Butler has lately become principal of 
the High School in Waltham, Mass. 

'86. — George S. Berry, Jr., has recently passed a 
rigid three days' school examination in Boston, that 
places him on the list of teachers that are pronounced 
competent to take the position of principal in any of 
the schools in Massachusetts. 

'88. — The residence of Governor Burleigh was 
tilled with a very happy company on the evening of 
Thursday, November 19th. The occasion was the 
marriage of Miss Vallie Burleigh to Mr. Joseph 
Williamson, Jr., a prominent journalist of Belfast. 
The ceremony was performed by Rev. George VV. 
Field, Bovvdoin, '37, of Bangor, assisted by Rev. J. 
S. Williamson of Augusta. Among the bridal party 
was Mr. A. W. Tolman, Bovvdoin, '88, a classmate 
of the groom, and Lewis A. Burleigh, Bowdoin, '91, 
the bride's brother. The Orient extends the heart- 
iest congratulations and best wishes to the happy 
couple. 

'88.— "The Smugglers of Chestnut." Mr. Clar- 
ence B. Burleigh, editor of the Kennebec Journal, 
has written a juvenile work under this title, 
which has just been published by E. E. Knowles 
& Co., of Augusta. The work is finely bound in 
ornamental cloth, is printed in beautiful clear type 
on a iirst-class quality of paper, and is superbly illus- 
trated by that well-known and popular artist, L. J. 
Bridgman, of Boston. The scene is in Aroostook 
County, the tone is pure, and the style lucid. There 
is not an objectional word in the book. The dia- 
logues are vivacious and the characters are all life- 
like. Mr. Burleigh has scored a success, and we are 
pleased to note it is to be followed by others. 

— Brunswick Telegraph . 

'89. — F. L. Staples is about to open a law office 
at Bath, Me. 

'91. — Lewis A. Burleigh passed through Bruns- 
wick last Wednesday to attend the wedding of his 
sister. Miss "Vallie Burleigh, to Mr. Joseph William- 
son, Bowdoin, '88. 

The college catalogue for 1891-92 has appeared, 
and to our readers the following facts may be of 



of Modern Languages ; 
'77, Librarian; W. A. 
lessor of Mathematics ; 
Professor of Physics ; ¥ 



interest: Among the Bowdoin graduates on the 
Academical Faculty we have Professor H. L. Chap- 
man, D.D., '66, Edward Little Professor of Rhetoric, 
Oratory, and English Literature; F. C. Robinson, 
A.M., '73, Professor of Chemi.stry and Mineralogy, 
and Josiah Little Professor of Natural Science ; 
Henry Johnson, Ph.D., 74, Longfellow Professor 
George T. Little, A.M., 
Moody, A.M., '82, Pro- 
C. C. Hutchins, A.M., '83, 
N. Whiltier, A.M., M.D., 
'85, Director of Gymnasium, and Lectureron Hygiene ; 
A. W. Tolman, A.M., '88, Instructor in Rhetoric and 
Elocution; G. T. Files, A.B., '89, Instructor in Ger- 
man; H. E. Cutts, A.B.,'91, Assistant in Chemistry; 
R. H. Hunt, A.B., '91, Assistant in Biology. On 
the Medical Faculty, in addition to those already 
mentioned, we have Alfred Mitchell, A.M., M.D., 
'59, Professor of Obstetrics and Diseases of Women 
and Children; Frederick H. Gerrish, A.M., M.D., 
'66, Professor of Analoniy ; C. O. Hunt, A.M., M.D., 
'61, Professor of Materia Medica and Therapeutics; 
Hon. L. A. Emery, A.M., '61, Professor of Medi- 
cal Jurisprudence ; Charles D. Smith, A.M., M.D., 
'79,* Professor of Physiology; E. T. Nealey, M.D., 
'83,* Demonstrator of Histology, and Addison S. 
Thayer, M.D.,'86.* 
* Medical Department. 




O wad some power the giftie gie us, 
To see oursels as others see us. — Burns. 

The Bowdoin Orient furnishes us an almost per- 
fect specimen of the typical American college paper. 
The editorials are healthy and bright, of the sort that 
brace a man up and impress him with the responsi- 
bility, which is his as a student at Bowdoin. The 
miscellaneous column is very interesting, and con- 
tains many suggestions which might well be con- 
sidered by other colleges. We lay aside the neat 
paper with a sense of having been reading an un- 
usually well-balanced and readable periodical. — Uni- 
versity Beacon. 



194 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



It is pleasant to read as often as we do, favorable 
comments on the Orient, and in comparison with 
other college papers, I thinlc that it can be honestly 
said that it occupies no inferior place ; and yet there 
are many possibilities of maliing it still better within 
easy reach. If only the students in general would 
take a greater interest, not compelling the editors to 
do the greater part of the work, but furnishing them 
a suificient mass of material to select from, the 
Orient could easily be made among the very best. 
One good thing, once in a while, from many is much 
better than a dozen mediocre things from the same 
person. With a very little eifort the Orient could 
be made to stand among the acknowledged leaders 
in college journalism. And thus we would help old 
Bowdoin and ourselves besides. 

A Warning. 

In little bits she broke her heart, 

And, thoughtlessly, with lavish hand 

To every youth she tossed a part 

Throughout Columbia's boundless land. 

But with the fleeting years there came 

A man of means, fair looks, unwed; 

" To you I'll give my wealth, and name. 

And heart— and ask but yours," he said. 

The fragments of her heart she tried 
To find in wildest baste— poor maid! 

But though she hunted far and wide, 
The bits were lost— she could not trade. 

— Harvard Advocate. 

I often think how much changed the college-life 
now must be from that of fifty years ago. Then days 
of quiet study, hours of meditation, talks and rambles 
with soul-bound friends, then four years of rigid 
mental discipline, and after that — out into the world. 
But now foot-ball, base-ball, journalism, lecture 
courses, balls, hops, germans, almost every phase of 
hurrying life. The college man finds hard work to 
get time to study, the rigid discipline is, to a great 
degree, lacking. Our friends — we don't have time to 
make real friends, ones to whom we can unburden 
our hearts, pour out our half-formed thoughts, our 
half-born ideas. Does it not seem as though we 
tried to live the life of the world, in the time when 
we should be 071?^ preparing to live it? Time can 
tell. The men of to-morrow equal to the men of yes- 
terday, schooled as they were under so different a 
system. 

Freshman Year — "Comedy of Errors." Sopho- 
more Ybar — "Much Ado About Nothing." Junior 
Year— " As You Like It." Senior Year— " All's 
Well that Ends Well."— £x. 

Wesleyan students have raised by subscription 
$1,823 for the support of the foot-ball team. 



The Poet. 

Since the old world was young, and Homer's song 

Filled the dim ages with the sweep and blow 

Of poetry, men have not ceased to know 

The power divine that makes the poet strong 

To conquer the world's might of sin and wrong: 

Still women weep, and strong men's voices grow 

Full of a feeling they are loth to show, 

"When some great poet stirs the listening throng. 

We drag our way along life's crowded street. 

On every side the old, unlovely things; 

The pulse of lite beats on at fever heat, 

The hot, close city air around us clings. 

When lo, we stop to rest our weary feet. 

For by the way a poet stands and sings. 

— Vassar Miscellany . 

One of my friends is rooming in a house whose 
only other occupant is a lady about sixty, whose mind 
is not of the strongest. The other evening about 
eight o'clock this dialogue was heard from the bottom 

of the stairs: "Mr. ?" "Yes." "Are you 

there?" "Yes." "What did you say?" "I am 

in, Mrs. ." " What? Did you say you were 

in or out?" Convulsive laughter from above. 

Tantalizing. 
Her rosy cheeks are pressed to mine. 

Her gleaming hair lies on my shoulder. 
Her arms are clasped about my neck. 

And yet my arms do not enfold her. 

Her throbbing heart beats loud and fast, 
Her wistful eyes are gently pleading. 

Her blushing lips are pursed to kiss. 
And yet my lips are all unheeding. 

I coldly loose her clinging arms, 

And roughly from my side I shove her. 

It's amateur theatricals. 

And I must play the tyrant lover. 

— Bruuonian. 

The company which have bought the water priv- 
ilege on the Kennebec are to raise the level of the 
dam six feet or more. This will set the water back 
so that good boating will be possible clear to fair- 
field. Thus it would seem that Colby might have 
the very finest facilities for a crew. , It will come 
soon, boys. — Colhy Echo. 

OUR / ^^ ^°^^^ Society Badge will be 
I Mailed to You through your 

RtVl j Chapter upon Application. 



PRICE 
LIST 

Manufacturers of Finest Plain and Jeweled Society Badges. 
DETROIT, MICH. 



Wright, Kay & Co. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, DECEMBER 16, 1891. No. 11. 



Vol. XXI. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 

PUBLISHED EVERT ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY DURING 
THE COLLEGIATE TEAR BT THE STUDENTS OF 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE. 



EDITORIAL BOARD. 

E. A. PuGSLET, '92, Managing Editor. 

J. C. Hull, '92, Assistant Managing Editor. 

H. C. Fabtan, '9.3, Business Manager. 

F. V. GuMMER, '92. M. S. Clifford, '93. 

J. B. F. HoDGDON, '92. C. W. Peabodt, '93. 

H. W. Kimball, '92. H. E. Andrews, '94. 

F. W. PiCKARD, '94. 



Per annum, in advance, 
Single Copies, 



. $2.00. 
15 Cents. 



Extra copies cnn be obtained at tlie bookstores or on .ipplie.n- 
tion to tlie Business Editor. 

Remittances sliould be made to tlie Business Editor. Com- 
munications in regard to all otlicr matters slioidd be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribnic 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Rhyme and Ueason Department should be 
sent to Box 9.51, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal notes should be sent to Box 950, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post-Oifice at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 
CONTENTS. 



Vol. XXI., No. 11.— December 16, 1891. 

Editorial Notes 195 

Miscellaneous: 

Tlie Theme System 197 

Bovvdoin's Buildings, 197 

A Young Lady's Account of a Vacation Expe- 
rience, 200 

A National University Extension Conference, . 202 
Rhyme and Reason : 

A Fragment, 203 

The Old Year 203 

"The Pines," 203 

Two Questions, 203 

A Lost Harp 203 

CoLLEQii Tabula, 204 

Y. M. C. A., 206 

Personal, 206 

College World, 208 




In answer to a few inquiries tiuring 
the past week concerning this issue of the 
Orient, it may be well to say here that the 
Thanksgiving interval between numbers con- 
sists of three weeks instead of the usual tvi'o. 
This 3'ear such an interval brings it about so 
tliat we have to furnish but one issue after 
the Tliaiiksgiving recess, this number making 
the sixth and last that is due this term. A 
olance at the volumes of the last two or 

o 

three years will make matters plain. 



WHILE pursuing his course should a man 
take upon himself any extra work for 
the good which any such work may be to his 
college or to his fellow-students? This is a 
question which confronts most of us at one 
time or another during the four years of a 
college career and certain it is that it is 
answered in different ways by different indi- 
viduals. It is answered differently by the 
parent than by the student descended from 
him, and it is answered differently by different 
men in the same college. To some of these 
last mentioned it may and doubtless does 
seem that the curriculum presents an amount 
of work sufficient for the ordinary man and 
that participating in extraneous affairs is a 
detriment to the doing of this work properly. 
It is further urged by these that this work, 
properly done, will be of great value in after 



196 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



life. To others, however, the matter appears 
different. There is, as all will acknowledge, 
always clinging to one, no matter what his 
business or profession, certain half-duties, 
half-responsibilities, as we may term them, 
wliich must be attended to if one is to get on 
in the world. If now these half-duties and 
half-responsibilities are neglected, then one's 
highest usefulness is impaired, notwithstand- 
ing the greater proficiency gained in regular 
work, for he is not trained to deal with a very 
important phase of common life. If, on the 
other hand, these matters are properly met 
and worked out, then the one so meeting them 
and working them out becomes ao much the 
better fitted for the conditions and positions 
with which he will have to do later on. Time 
thus devoted to college interests, to keeping 
matters up on a level with what is found in 
other colleges, is not wasted. It is really 
time spent in training for future events which 
are of an eminently' practical nature, for it is 
time devoted to doing those extra things in 
college life which find their counterparts in 
life after college days are over. This may 
not appear true to-day, but it will appear to 
be so when, as a teacher in the midst of his 
labors, one is called upon to fuinish an 
address for a convention, or, as a minister, he 
is asked to give an extra sermon, or, as a busy 
lawyer, he is compelled to plead an extra 
case. 

But by giving time and attention to 
matters beyond those regularly considered, 
there is something more to be gained than a 
mere ability to do additional work readily. 
There is an ability acquired to gauge one's self 
and thus to know what things to undertake 
and what to leave alone. Such a power is 
certainly of great advantage to any man — we 
believe it to be of far greater advantage to 
him than to be able to read one or two extra 
Greek or Latin authors, or to be able to solve 
a few more problems in mathematics — for it 
saves him from overstepping himself and 



getting into positions from which he must 
sooner or later retreat. 

In addition to the above reasons why a 
man should do something outside of his reg- 
ular college work, there is the obligation 
which connection with a college imposes. 
This obligation, moral in its nature, requires 
that one should uphold the interests of his 
college as best he may. If connection with a 
college is an honor to a man, then certainly 
there is some responsibility incurred, for 
there is no position of importance and worth 
having which does not carry with it a cor- 
responding duty. It is for all these reasons 
that college men, everywhere we believe, are 
engaged to a greater or less degree in mat- 
ters which have very little to do witii book 
lore, but much to do with affairs that give 
training for the more practical work which 
must be done. 



IN A recent number attention was called to 
the fact that those seeking Orient honors 
should be sending ill their contributions. Since 
that time several communications have been 
received, some of which have been published, 
and some of which have not. It has been 
stated once or twice before this that articles 
upon certain subjects were not desired. Do 
not send in articles upon subjects concerning 
which one in his youth dreams and possibly 
weeps over more or less, nor upon those funda- 
mental truths of life which are known of all 
men, and which form the basis of their daily 
action. Articles upon such subjects as these 
may be well written, or " good " as they are 
usually termed, but a good article is not 
always a good Okient article. This fact is 
one which each aspirant for a position on the 
next editorial staff should bear in mind. 
What we want for the Orient is something 
so new, so crisp, and entertaining, that its 
reading will tend to refresh and clarify as it 
were the mind of the student weighted and 
muddled with the daily grinding over Greek, 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



197 



Latin, Mathematics, or Psycholog3% Have 
this in mind llien wheu writing, and if when 
your article is completed and you have cooled 
from the effects of its composition, you feel 
that the production is not up to the standard, 
tear it up and write it over again. Do not 
think that you can write an article of the 
desired quality in five minutes or five hours. 
Five days is not any too much time to devote 
to the matter, if one has it to spare. Above 
all things else articles must beai the stamp of 
originality. 

The Theme System. 
TITO WRITE an article on any existing 
-^ college regulation is to write what no 
student will read and what the member of 
the Faculty, under whose branch it comes, 
will not heed. Not because any member of 
the Faculty is "sot," but because the Faculty 
undoubtedly know their own business better 
than any student and have considered the 
subject before it ever entered what the 
student calls his mind. However, President 
Hyde has set the custom and we will follow 
suit and " have our say." 

What is the matter with our theme sys- 
tem ? The Professor answers very perti- 
nently, " The system is all right. What is 
the matter with the themes." Undoubtedly 
he would be right in maintaining that lazi- 
ness and lack of interest are what makes the 
average theme such a poor piece of work, 
and it is equally true that whatever course 
he might adopt, the standard of the last 
quarter would be little changed. There are 
some, however, who might do much better 
work if they were not crowded. The object 
of themes is not to cultivate a literary style, 
but to learn how to express ideas clearly and 
simply. This looks as if four three-page 
themes would be the best possible exercise, 
but any article in Junior or Senior studies, 
or any article written after leaving college 
must be of greater length, and will probably 



allow of more than two weeks' work. Why 
not, then, give the practice in regular 
themes ? Would it teach prolixity to have 
one ten-page theme rather than four three- 
page ones ? We think not, in most cases. 
Suppose four themes a year, of from ten to 
twenty pages, were required. The amount 
of writing would be about the same, but 
nine weeks would elapse between every two 
themes and a chance would be given to those 
who are willing to work, to do themselves 
justice in both ideas and style. To be sure, 
some would shirk till the last week and pass 
in two pages of thought, diluted into ten 
pages of language, — or rather, of words; but 
do fellows gain anything by being slipshod 
twelve times a year rather than four? On 
the other hand, man}' who now are unwilling 
to do their best, would exert themselves on 
an interesting subject, for which they were 
allowed two months' thought and reading. 

In this case,he-who-corrects-themes would 
have a much better chance to help and 
advise without using any more time than at 
present, when, every two weeks, he has 
seventy-five themes come tumbling about his 
ears. If some students would be more bene- 
fited by the present system, why not make 
it optional, or why not have the Sophomores 
keep on in this way and give the Juniors a 
chance at more advanced writing? 



Bowdoin's Buildings. 

TITHE first step toward founding a college in 
A Maine was taken in 1788, when the Cum- 
berland Association of Ministers and the 
Court of Sessions for the county, petitioned 
the General Court of Massachusetts for the 
establishment of a college in Cumberland 
County. For the next four years no deci- 
sive action was taken, though great efforts 
were made by the friends of the project, but 
in 1792 a bill was passed to establish a college 
in the District of Maine, to be called Bow- 
doin, the name being selected as one of the 



198 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



most famous of which Massachusetts could 
boast. Owing to disputes as to the most 
desirable location for the new institution, the 
final enactment of the bill was delayed 
several years. Brunswick, as a compromise, 
was at last chosen as the site, and the bill of 
incorporation was signed bv Samuel Adams 
on June 24, 1794, a date which should be 
held in grateful memory by every graduate 
of " Old Bowdoin." This date of incorpor- 
ation, places Bowdoin among the oldest of 
American colleges, only sixteen of the 
great number in our land being its senior. 
Immediately after the charter was granted, 
Hon. James Bowdoin gave the college money 
and land to the estimated value of $6,800. 
Massachusetts also granted five townships 
in what was then the wilds of Maine, but 
the best land had already been taken, 
and much difficulty was experienced in real- 
izing cash from them without a sacrifice. 
On account of this and other financial diffi- 
culties, four years passed before the actual 
founding of the college. 

In 1798 arrangements were coinpleted for 
the first building, which was to be of brick, 
fifty feet long, forty feet wide, and three 
stoiies high. But the work on this build- 
ing proceeded very slowly because of the 
lack of funds, so slowly indeed that the 
unfinished walls stood for several years 
the subject of many a joking remark, 
aud the basis of many a prophecy 
which has luckily not been fulfilled. This 
hall, called Massachusetts, was completed in 
1802, the upper stories being fitted up 
for dormitories, while the lower floor 
was devoted to chapel and recitation 
rooms. At the same time a wooden 
house was being built for the president, but 
not being completed when the college first 
opened, President McKeen, with his family, 
lived for some time in Massachusetts Hall, 
there being plenty of spare room, as the first 
class numbered only eight. The students 



were summoned to recitations and chapel by 
the rapping of the president's cane on the 
stair case, and for some years the recitations 
were held in the students' rooms, in turn, 
each one bringing with him his chair. 

In 1821 the Maine Medical School was 
founded, and this, too, was sheltered within 
the walls of Massachusetts. In 1873, by a 
gift of Peleg W. Chandler, the old hall was 
remodeled. The roof of the building was 
raised several feet aud the two upper stories 
were thrown into one, giving a beautiful and 
spacious apartment, used to contain the col- 
lections belonging to the college, and named 
the Cleaveland Cabinet in honor of the famous 
professor. At the same time the porch was 
raised one story, giving a better entrance 
to the upper part. The Laboratory below 
is preserved as Professor Cleaveland left it 
with its broad fire-place and crane. 

In 1807 Maine Hall, the second large 
building, was completed, being intended only 
for dormitories. In 1821 it was burned, but 
the walls remaining intact it was refitted in- 
side. In 1836 it was a second time swept by 
the flames and wholly rebuilt on a somewhat 
different plan with much better accommo- 
dations. 

In 1822 it was found that the number of 
students warranted the erection of another 
dormitory, and this was called Winthrop. 
The north end was burned during the sixties, 
and was fitted in much better shape after 
remaining unoccupied for several years. 

During the early years of the college 
the students were accustomed to board at 
private families, but in 1810 the faculty, for 
economy, abolished this system and obliged 
all the students to board at a commons hall 
at Nichols Inn. In 1828 a large two-story 
brick building for a dining hall was put up, 
which still stands nearly opposite the medical 
building on Bath Street, being now used for a 
workshop by the janitor. This experiment 
of common board was disliked by the stu- 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



199 






dents, and like all such attempts in American 
colleges ultimatel}^ proved a failure. The 
commons hall was in 1861 remodeled and 
used for a gymnasium. In 1873 it was con- 
verted into a chemical laboratory and the 
gymnasium apparatus removed to the un- 
finished Memorial Hall. 

By 1840 the college had increased so 
much in size that a need was felt for another 
dormitory. This last hall was built on the 
same plan as the other two and was named 
Appleton, in memory of the second of our 
college presidents. It was completed in 1844 
and first occupied in the fall of 1845. 

There had been from an early date a two- 
story wooden chajjel with a belfry rising at 
one end, from which had often pealed the 
summons calling the unfortunate collegians 
to the six o'clock chapel. The upper story 
of this structure was used for a library and 
store room for the college apparatus. In 
1844 quite a sum of money was obtained 
from the James Bowdoin estate, and this 
furnished the means for supplying a pressing 
need, which had been felt for a long time, — 
that of a new chapel. A plan in the Roman- 
esque style was furnished by a noted archi- 
tect of New York, Mr. Upjohn. The gray 
granite for the walls was quarried in Bruns- 
wick, a few miles from the village, and in 
July, 1845, the corner-stone was laid with 
imposing masonic ceremonies. The chapel 
was in process of construction for ten years, 
the stone work being done by masons from 
New York. 

King Chapel was dedicated on June 7, 
1855, and being built in a long time it can 
be justly said to have been built for a long- 
time. The main hall is considered one of 
the finest in the country. The black-walnut 
paneling was done by Messrs. Melcher of 
this town, the walls were frescoed by several 
German artists, and nine of the twelve 
panels on the walls were filled later by the 
gifts of Mr. Walker, Mrs. President Sparks 



of Cambridge, Nathan Cummings of Port- 
land (1817), Mrs. Wm. Perry of Brunswick, 
by friends in Brunswick in memory of Dr. 
John D. Lincoln, by the class of 1866, Hon. 
Bellamy Storer, Mr. Harry J. Furber (1859), 
and b}^ the class of 1881. 

As has been said, the Maine Medical 
School, being established in 1821, found 
shelter in Massachusetts Hall. This arrange- 
ment was intended at the time to be only 
temporary, but because of lack of funds no 
change could be made for forty years. About 
1860 Mr. Seth Adams, of Boston, generously 
gave a fund for the erection of a suitable 
medical building. Adams Hall, named in 
honor of the donor and furnishing every con- 
venience for the study and illustration of 
science, was completed in 1862 and dedicated 
with ajjpropriate ceremonies. It was through 
the removal of the Medical School to its ' 
new quarters that chance was given for the 
remodeling of Massachusetts Hall. 

Many Bowdoin boys enlisted during the 
war, and in 1865 at Commencement a meet- 
ing was called to see what action could be 
taken towards founding a fitting memorial 
for those who had lost or risked their lives 
to save the Union. It was finally agreed 
that a memorial should be erected in the 
form of a building, as busts, portraits, and 
inscriptions could be preserved in it and the 
college was besides in need of recitation 
rooms and a hall for exhibitions. Plans in 
the French Gothic style were submitted by 
S. B. Backus, of New York, and accepted at (^»^ 

ComTiiencement, 1868. Subscriptions had, in 
the mean time, been raised among the alumni, 
and work was commenced at once. The 
walls were completed at a cost of 147,027.53, 
but here funds failed and the building re- 
mained unfinished for more than ten years, 
being used part of the time for a gymnasium. 
Of the above sum all was raised by the 
alumni except #6,500, which was assumed by 



the college. 



Mrs. Stone, widow of the late 



200 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Daniel P. Stone, of Maiden, Mass., pledged 
the amount necessary to finish the interior, 
which was completed in 1882, the whole cost 
of the building being $83,000. The dedication 
took place in the upper hall on the aftei'noon 
of Wednesday, July 13th, of the same year. 

When first the need of a gymnasium was 
felt the old Commons Hall was remodeled 
and opened for use in September of 1860. 
In 1878 the apparatus was transferred to 
Memorial Hall. This was the time of the 
hated military drill, which was required in 
addition to the other regular exercise, and 
we learn from the B^igle of 1875 that work 
went on " in a desultory, aimless kind of way 
by the upperclassmen who have been through 
the mill, and in a surprisingly energetic man- 
ner by the Freshmen who haven't," which 
shows that the boys of fifteen years ago 
regarded "gym work" in much the same 
light as we do. In 1881 Memorial Hall being 
too near completion to be used longer for a 
gymnasium, a canvass for money was made 
among the alumni later than 1870, those 
before having contributed heavily to the 
Memorial P'uud. Nothing definite was ac- 
complished till 1884, when Dr. Sargent 
(1875) generously offered to equip a gymna- 
sium with his most approved apparatus if 
the alumni would furnish the buildinsr. In 
two years 112,000 was raised, and suitable 
plans having been furnished by Boston arch- 
itects, the contract was given to James Phil- 
brook, of Lisbon Falls. Work was begun in 
September, 1885, and in March of the follow- 
ing year our present beautiful and useful 
gymnasium was completed and named in 
honor of Dr. Sargent. 

We now come to the last of our college 
buildings, the Observatory, which, although 
being the smallest, is substantially built and 
well adapted to fulfill the purposes for which 
it was desired. For this building we are 
indebted to Mr. John J. Taylor, of Fairbury, 
111., a native of Brunswick, who gave $1,000, 



and to certain residents of Portland and 
vicinity, whose subsequent subscriptions 
amounted to several thousand dollars. The 
telescope has a six-inch lens, made by Wray, 
of London, and the transit imported espe- 
cially for the observatory, is a first-class 
instrument of Swiss manufacture. The funds 
for these and the rest of the apparatus were 
furnished by the Boston alumni. 

Thus the resources of the college have 
grown since its foundation. Our Chapel, 
graceful without, beautiful within, and fur- 
nishing ample library rooms, can never grow 
old. The massive Memorial Hall gives the 
impression of solidity and strength, and con- 
tains Bowdoin's grateful tribute to her brave 
warriors. Massachusetts Hall, by its age, 
calls to mind the struggles of the original 
founders of the institution, and contains a 
collection which, for its size, cannot be 
rivaled. The Gymnasium is a model of 
beauty and convenience, while the Observa- 
tory supplies a need long felt in the college. 
Our three dormitories may be plain in exter- 
nal appearance but they contain cozy, well 
furnished rooms, with ample and comfortable 
accommodations, and have sheltered hun- 
dreds of men of whom any college might 
feel justly proud. 



A Young Lady's Account of a 
Vacation Experience. 

A STORY. 

DURING the year following the Civil War 
the country was overrun by tramps and 
vagabonds of every description ; and rob- 
beries and acts of violence were common 
from South to North. All this was of course 
very natural, since the country, thrown into 
commotion by the storm, had not then 
regained its former condition of prosperity 
and respect for law and order. At the time 
of which I write my cousin, a girl of seven- 
teen, and myself were spending our summer 
vacation with my uncle in his country house 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



201 



on the Hudson. Our school year had been 
an unusually hard one and we had thoroughly 
enjoyed ourselves after its completion until 
we had the experience I am about to relate. 

The house, one of those comfortable old 
structures with broad piazzas and wide halls, 
was surrounded by trees and stood some 
three hundred feet from the road. It was 
reached from the highway by a long, winding 
avenue bordered by a thick hedge, and so 
completely was the building hidden that 
once outside the grounds one would hardly 
suspect its existence. The household during 
the summer mentioned consisted of my uncle 
and aunt, my cousin and myself, with the 
cook, parlor-maid, coachman, and a new man 
lately hired to help in the garden and orchard. 

My uncle's business that summer often 
called him to New York, a distance of sixteen 
miles, so we were not surprised one morning 
to learn that important work required his 
presence in the city and that my aunt pro- 
posed to accomjjany him thither. Of course 
Kate and I were not afraid to be alone one 
night, for the new man would sleep in the 
house in the absence of the coachman. About 
one o'clock in the afternoon, after giving us 
all sorts of advice and warnings, v»rhich, after 
the manner of girls of our age, we received 
as a matter of course, though without an idea 
that we needed them, my uncle and aunt set 
out for the city. After they had gone, my 
cousin and myself went about our usual pur- 
suits. I well remember what an unpleasant 
day it was. The morning had been bright 
and clear, but about noon it had commenced 
to grow cloudy, and by night-fall it had 
begun to rain, a slow, drizzly rain with just 
enough wind to make the branches swish and 
wave. But we did not mind the weather, 
and after supper sat down in the brilliantly 
lighted dining-room before the open fire, 
to read and talk. These occupations lan- 
guished, however, and at last we went out to 
find Bridget and Ann for the sake of com- 



pany. Bridget had gone to bed with the 
toothache, but Ann was still up and went 
back with us. From her we learned that 
Jerry, the ne\v gardener, had gone away with 
a strange man about supper time and had 
not yet come back. As a sort of natural 
consequence of the bad weather and our 
unjDrotected condition Ann's conversation 
took the direction of robberies, murders, and 
ghosts ; and although these stories savored 
strongly of the New York sensational papers, 
which Ann ardently admired, yet they suc- 
ceeded in making us decidedly nervous. 
Among the many unpleasant tales which she 
narrated she gave a particularly blood-curd- 
ling account of a woman who awoke one 
night to find two masked men in her room, 
one of whom came and stood by her bed with 
a pistol in his hand, while the other, carrying 
a dark lantern, having searched for her money 
and not having found it, tied her, cut off her 
tongue, put out her eyes, and finally cut off 
one of lier fingers to obtain a valuable ring 
which she wore. This graphic tale nearly 
upset me, and when a branch from a tree 
near the window swished against it I 
screamed aloud. 

Shortly after this Ann went out and we 
began to prepare for bed. While we were 
locking up the silver from the table and side- 
board, I was sure I heard a step on the walk 
outside, and a few minutes later we both 
heard a rustling in the bushes near the 
window and the step again. Hastily locking 
the door of the china-closet we blew out the 
lights and hurried up to my aunt's room 
directly above,, where, after locking both 
doors and barricading them with all the 
heavy articles in the room we held a whis- 
pered consultation cm what to do. If we 
could only call Jerry ! Then we both re- 
membered what Ann had said about the 
strange man, and it came over us that Jerry 
was in league with him, and that thej^ had 
planned to rob the house, having noted the 



202 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



amount of silver and our powerlessness to 
defend it. The fact that we were in my 
aunt's room did not tend to make us feel 
more secure, for uncle's safe, containing, as 
we knew, money and jewelry, was there and 
the robbers would probably ransack the 
house thoroughly. 

Such a long night ! Would morning 
never come ? The wind sighing through the 
trees prevented us from hearing distinctly, 
though several times we thought we detected 
steps on the gravel walk, and once, looking 
cautiously from one of the windows, we saw 
something moving in the shrubbery near the 

house. 

At last it began to grow light. But not 
till the sun was up and we heard Ann rattling 
around in the kitchen did we dare to remove 
our barricade and go out. Rushing to the 
kitchen we told Ann about our fright, and 
then, armed with tongs, butcher knife, and 
broom, advanced in a body toward the dining- 
room. There to our great surprise not a 
thing was found disturbed, the silver was 
all as we had left it, and looking from 
the window we saw Jerry, who accounted 
for his absence bj^ telling us that he had been 
out to stay with his brother who had lately 
moved into the neighborhood with his 
family. The tracks near the window were 
still to be seen in the damp soil and were, 
I am ashamed to tell it, those of one of the 
horses that had broken out of the pasture 
and was still feeding in the garden. 



A National University Extension 
Conference. 

rE American Society for the Extension 
of University Teaching is to hold a 
National Conference on University Exten- 
sion, at Philadelphia, on the evening of 
December 29th, the morning, afternoon, and 
evening of December 30th, and the morning 
of December 31st. The preliminary an- 
nouncement has already called forth wide and 



cordial response. Many prominent men have 
signified their desire to be present. Among 
them are : President Gilman, of Johns Hop- 
kins University; President Stahr, of Franklin 
and Marshall College ; President Burleson, 
of Texas ; President Patton, of Princeton ; 
Superintendent E. W. Jones, of St. Charles, 
Mo.; U.S. Commissioner of Education, Hon. 
William T. Harris; President Webster, of 
Union College; Superintendent Wildes, of 
Fort Dodge, la.; and President Harper,'of 
Chicago. 

Mr. Michael E. Sadler, secretary of Oxford 
University Extension, will present the salient 
features of the English movement. Some 
of the topics to be discussed at this meeting 
are: "The Function and Method of the 
Class in University Extension " ; " The 
Object and Method of Paper Work"; 
"The Composition of Local Committees"; 
" Methods of Financial Support " ; " Quali- 
ties and Duties of the University Extension 
Lecturer"; "Forms of Organization of Uni- 
versity Extension Work " ; " Certificates for 
Work Done in Extension Courses " ; " Lib- 
eral vs. Technical Subjects of Instruction." 
One entire session will be devoted to reports 
of the experiences of University Extension 
organizers throughout the LTnited States and 
Canada. The conference bids fair to be one 
of the largest, most representative gather- 
ings of college men ever held in the interests 
of University Extension. 

Reduced railway fares and hotel accom- 
modations will be offered. For full informa- 
tion in regard to the subject, address Mr. 
George Henderson, 1602 Chestnut Street, 
Philadelphia. — From Bulletin iVb. 5 of Uni- 
versity Extension Society. 



The Sheffield Scientific School has recently se- 
cured from London a machine which performs the 
most intricate mathematical calculations. On along 
problem the saving of time is very great, and the 
result is absolutely accurate. — Ex. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



203 



A Fragment. 

[Note.— What an age is this of ours ! No sooner is a copy of 
Aristotle's " Politics " found in an old ijalimpsest in England, 
than there turns tip in Maine a fragment of Chaucer ! The fol- 
lowing has come into the hands of the Orient editors, and is 
now published tor the first time. It was found on what was 
known as " theme paper," a thing seldom used nowadays. It is 
evidently part of the Prologue, and goes far towards explaining 
the question of number. The " Preestesthre," which has caused 
the trouble is undoubtedly an interpolation, which has no mean, 
ing, for this Professour and Doctour of Divinitee (he seems to 
have been boih) makes up the total " nyne and twenty.] 

There was withe us, and of our compaignye, 
A Professour, withe alwayes open ye, 
And Doctour too, but not of Physik he. 
Rather a Doctour of Divinitee. 
And he was large and of ful stoute port. 
In a colleege, and by no chaunce ne sort. 
But by abilitee he found his place. 
And taughte ther a ful unworthy classe. 
And to the poure scholers he was dere. 
For gracious was he and of kindly chere. 
Curteys he was and eek ful swete of speche. 
But, sothe, he flunked many a poure wrecche. 
Who ne had rede his lessoun out a-fore, 
For whan oon shirked, it wounded him ful sore. 
His dignitee was bothe of wordes and mien. 
His cote was blake, his liuene whyte and fine. 
He reuled alle withoute partialitee 
And eek withoute hypocrisye, I see. 
A chapman was he, but I may nat wyse 
What was the nature of his marchaundyse. 
But if he selled what man named " deads," 
The marchaundyse that eehe scholer dredes. 
A knout, that heighte examen, he wolde use 
Ones in eche terme, or more if that he chuse. 
This was y-made of foure and twenty partes. 
That highten " questions." Oh the sore smartes, 
That these wolde bringen ! Than wolde the classe 
crye, 
"Oh, maister, we are poure, have thou mercye ! 
Pitye, we crye, and swete corapacioun ! 
Ne speke that drede worde ' condicioun! ' " 



The Old Year. 



The year is drawing quickly to its close, 
With the short wintry days and early snows. 
Which wrap beneath their chilling veil of white 
The earth, where every growth is seen in blight. 

The Year is waning. As it breaths its last. 
It shows some visions of the golden past, 



As memories of long dormant boyhood ties. 
Come to an aged man that doing lies, 
And seeing thus some well-remembered place. 
Dies with a peaceful smile upon his face. 

A few days longer and this year will be 

A page of history, while we shall see 

The new year ushered in with joyous rite. 

The dawn of hope succeeding after night, 

A star of promise rising in the sky 

With possibilites for all to try. 

Shall we look back and mourn the faults we showed. 

As if no future bright before us glowed? 

No ! Let us work, still striving to the last 

To make the future better than the past. 



"The Pines." 

Sombre pines, so dark and high. 
Outlined against the ashen sky, 
Over what are you mourning loud 
As you lash the air with your tops so proud? 
Do you sorrow over the long lost past 
Which into the distance has flown so fast 
When Bowdoin was young but 'neath thy shade 
The lonely Hawthorne dreamed and strayed? 

Cheerful pines, so fragrant and green. 
Rising toward the vault serene. 
Over what do you whisper low 
When the sun sets the western clouds aglow? 
Are you murmuring over the famous days 
The glory of which still 'round us stays. 
When Bowdoin was young but at thy feet 
A Longfellow sung his lays so sweet ? 



Two Questions. 

" What is the heart ? " asked my heart of me ; 

And long did the puzzle lay 
Enwrapped in the darkness of mystery. 

Till love brought the answer one day. 

" What is the soul ? " asked my soul of me ; 

And still is the riddle unread. 
Till what time from its clay the spirit shall flee. 

And mortals shall whisper "dead." 



A Lost Harp. 



A harp, and all of its strings sang love ; 

Its pulses beat with that strange sweet song. 
And echoed these pathways of earth along. 

Till they needed its strains in the court above. 



204 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



That heart which pulsed to each beat of my heart, 
Why was it smothered and snatched away ? 
Mine own beats on till the death of day. 

But only in sorrow alone and apart. 

In that nameless song of a million tones. 
In the purest chord there was wanting one. 
So they took her, the dearest beneath the sun ; 

And my heart-strings strike but a chord of moans. 

Do I dare hope they '11 send for me, too, some time ? 

'Tis bold, but wilh love we are bold to deam ; 

And I know that if love is that heavenly theme. 
Our souls must be wed and forever chime. 

When the swell of that harmony, holy, divine 
Shall rise like a cloud to the throne above. 
Two tones shall ring clear in that anthem of love, 

And no one shall ask which is hers, which is mine. 




^^"^^ 



Dearth, '87, was in town 
last week. 
Shay, '93, is teaching in Harpswell. 

Erskine, '91, visited the college last 
week. 

Munsey, '91, made a visit to the college this week. 
Tutor Hunt spent his Thanksgiving recess in 
Boston. 

A number of the students attended the Universa- 
list Fair at Bath, recently. 

Lord, '94, sang a solo in chapel last Sunday, 
rendering it in a most pleasing manner. 

Professor Johnson has charge of the Sophomore 
German, and Professor Lawton the Junior, during 
the illness of Instructor Wheeler. 

The '68 prize speakers have been announced as 
follows: E. B. Wood, P. Bartlett, H. 0. Emery, H. 
F. Linscott, E. A. Pugsley, C. S. Rich. 

The Revietv of Reviews is now received regularly 
in the library and is a most valuable addition to the 
already lengthy list of periodicals found there. 

Mr. B. (in history) — "And did he leave his 
money when he died?" Prof — "He certainly did 
not take it with him." [Applause from the rear seats.] 



President Hyde was at Brown University, Friday, 
November 27th, when the new gymnasium was 
opened. The President's address was a very inter- 
esting one. * 

Professor Lee left Wednesday for Biddeford where 
he delivered his Labrador lecture. On Thursday he 
spoke in Portland. Mr. Hunt accompanied him and 
manipulated the stereopticon. 

A complete set of the out-of-print edition of 
Thomas Hobb's works have been placed in the 
library. The work is in sixteen volumes and is a 
great acquisition to the philosophical shelves. 

Quite a number of the students remained at the 
college during the Thanksgiving recess, and although 
the festive turkey may have been lacking, they never- 
theless found plenty of means for entertainment. 

Ninety-three's dancing-school is but a fast vanish- 
ing dream. In other words the material in the shape 
of participants did not materialize, and consequently 
the matter was allowed to drop. 

The examinations this term have brought out 
some rather queer things in the shape of transla- 
tions. A Sophomore translated the German sentence, 
"Was Essen Sie am liebsten zun Fruhstiick?", 
" What! Are you in love with Fruhstuck? " 

Nichols and Haskell have disposed of their stock 
in trade to Lombard and Crawford who will continue 
to serve the public at the old stand. Nichols is to 
go out teaching and Haskell is at present at home 
confined by illness. 

An innovation at the college is the posting daily 
of the weather reports in the vestibule of the library. 
These reports will be very popular in the spring 
when the base-ball season opens and the pleasant 
days are in demand. 

On Saturday, November 28th, President Hyde 
delivered an address in Boston before the meeting 
of the Massachusetts High and Classical School 
Association. His talk was on "The Resources in 
Ethics," and the subject was treated in the most 
scholarly manner. 

The Bowdoin Glee Club, with the assistance of 
Rich and Gateley, gave a concert at Boothbay, 
Wednesday, December 9th. This splendid array of 
talent, which represents Bowdoin at these concerts, 
ought surely to entertain an audience most royally. 
It is to be hoped that Brunswick will see them. 

Professor Robinson has been engaged to give a 
course of lectures in Portland, on "Chemistry," on 
the university extension plan. It looks as if this 
new project would be very popular in the Maine 
cities after it is thoroughly understood. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



205 



For the first time probably in its history the 
chapel was lighted last Sunday at the afternoon 
services. Lamps have been placed on either side of 
the organ, and the improvement, so long needed, 
will be greatly apjjreciated. 

Professor Lee gave his Labrador lecture in 
the Town Hall, Friday, December 11th, for the benefit 
of the Foot-Ball Association. It has been the great 
desire of the students and towns-people to hear the 
story of the summer trip, and a large audience was 
present. 

The December New England Maga-Ane contains 
a delightfully written article on " Brunswick and 
Bowdoin College" by Charles Lewis Slattery. It is 
replete with interesting anecdotes of college lile and 
the artistic illustrations make it a number which will 
be widely sought by Brunswick and Bowdoin men. 

Field, '92, Kenniston, '92, Blair, '94, and Parker, 
'94, took a long and weary tramp to Harpswell last 
Sunday to hear Rev. Elijah Kellogg preach. Un- 
fortunately, owing to the illness of his wife, the rev- 
erend gentleman was unable to officiate, much to 
the disappointment of the expectant students. 

A large invoice of chemicals has arrived at the 
laboratory. They were all imported from Germany, 
where Professor Robinson has always been accus- 
tomed to purchase his supplies. Being for scientific 
purposes there is no duty on them, and the Germans 
are said to make much purer chemicals than can be 
pi'ocured in this country. 

Instructor Wheeler is convalescing slowly from 
his recent illness. He is able to be out of doors, but 
has not so far recovered as to take his classes again. 
He left last Tuesday for his home in Leominster, 
Mass., and it is sincerely to be hoped that another 
term will see him with his classes again. 

One barrel of water has to serve now where two 
formerly gave the supply. The advent of cold 
weather has put the college officials to their wits' 
end to discover some solution to the problem of a 
supply of wholesome water. The present arrange- 
ment is to have it procurable at certain hours from 
the tank behind the chapel. 

Two farces were given at the Town Hall, 
Tuesday, December 8th. One, "A Happy Pair," in 
which Andrews, '94, and Miss Carpenter, portrayed 
the characters, and another, "Checkmate," in which 
the characters were assumed by Pierce, '93, Andrews, 
'94, Thompson, '94,Miss Mitchell and Miss Carpen- 
ter. All the participants showed marked talent in 
histrionic art, and the audience were very enthu- 
siastic in praise of the good work done by the 
amateurs. 



President Hyde, in chapel, last Sunday, took up 
the subject of athletics for colleges. He told how 
important this branch was now becoming in all the 
institutions of the country, and mentioned many 
benefits which are the result. He was very enthu- 
siastic over the excellent system which Bowdoin has 
adopted, and said that several colleges have followed 
almost in the same lines. 

The new plan which has been adopted in the Latin 
department will no doubt prove very effective and 
popular. The idea is, in addition to taking the mere 
translation, to obtain a thorough knowledge of the 
times in which the author wrote, and to study the liter- 
ature of the period. In the study of Cicero's Letters the 
Sophomores are required to write an essay on the 
"Political Actions of Cicero and the Great Crisis of 
his Time." 

The launching of the cruiser " Machias," at Bath, 
Tuesday, December 8th, caused a great exodus to that 
city from the college. Who knows but what, among the 
number that saw the majestic sweep of the iron-clad 
monster into the ocean, one among ihera may not blaze 
forth, as did that student of famous times, Lono-- 
fellow, and bring before the world words as famous 
as the thrilling, " She starts, she moves, she seems 
to feel the thrill of life along her keel?" 

"Ship Ahoy," at the Town Hall last Saturday, 
drew a large audience, which was thoroughly 
delighted with the opera. It is seldom that such an 
attraction finds its way to Brunswick, and everybody 
made the most of the opportunity. The local 
topical verse was, of course, one of the things in 
which all were interested. The honor and the five 
dollar note fell upon Kenniston, '92, who made a hit 
upon the station. 

Gymnasium work has begun once more. Last 
Monday the usual aggregation of athletic would-bes 
appeared on the floor ready to take up the task of 
perfecting their manly bodies. A separate squad, 
under Carleton, '93, has gone into training for foot- 
ball and boating, while each class has its own base- 
ball squad. The usual routine work will be enliv- 
ened as last year by the introduction of wrostlino- 
and boxing. Dr. Whittier is very painstaking in 
his gymnasium work, and has made what was for- 
merly almost a " grind " a pleasant recreation. 

Professor F. C. Robinson gets this notice, bub- 
bling over with enthusiasm, from the Bath Times: 
"Professor F. C. Robinson is a brilliant chemist, a 
favorite Bowdoin professor, and, above all things, a 
mighty good fellow, as every Bowdoin student will 
swear to anywhere. The latest achievement told of 
him is that on his way home from the London 



206 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Hygienic Congress, in the steamer Nevada, he com- 
posed a poem and read it to the passengers and 
crew, who were frightened half to deatli at an 
approaching storm. It soothed their spii'its, pre- 
vented a panic, and the professor received the thanlis 
of the officers and owners. What won't a Bowdoin 
man do in a tight place ? " 



'M.fi. 



The state secretary has laid out the deputation 
work for the coming winter on a somewhat different 
plan from that of last year. It will be remembered 
that last winter and spring visits were made by 
representatives from Bates, Colby, and Bowdoin to 
some half-dozen of the leading fitting schools of the 
State, with very satisfactory results. This year it 
has been decided to do as much as possible towards 
building up strong centers from which to work, 
rather than to extend the work among the fitting 
schools more than it is at present. The plan is to 
have deputations,' accompanied, wherever possible 
and needful, by the state secretary, make at least 
two visits during the year to each of the several 
colleges in the State. There is no association that 
cannot get some helpful suggestion or some new life 
from others. That is the main point in favor of the 
intercollegiate work ; and we hope to profit abun- 
dantly from this branch of the work, not only on 
account of what we can get from visitors here, but 
also from our work outside. 

One of the most interesting meetings of the term 
was that just before Thanksgiving. The topic, 
" Our Temptations," was interesting in itself, but that 
alone would not have made the meeting any different 
from others. The meeting was interesting because 
the leader had thoroughly prepared himself to lead 
the meeting and not let it drift. In many cases just 
this thing is the difference between a good and a 
poor meeting. We too often hear the leader say, 
"Now I will leave the meeting in your hands." 
What is he in the position of leader for, if he is not 
to direct, to guide, and as much as possible to make 
the meeting helpful to every man in the room P If a 
man has not prepared himself to do all this, and 
arranged with others to help him, then it is a ques- 
tion whether he should attempt to lead at all. 




wedding 



There is nothing like intercollegiate associations. 
An attempt is being made for a chess union between 
Yale, Harvard, Princeton, and Columbia. 



'35.— On the 7th of Sep- 
tember, 1891, Mr. and Mrs. 
■y V. Poor, of Brookline, Mass., 

■ated at "Merrill House," An- 
., the fiftieth anniversary of their 

Mr. Poor was born in Andover 
seventy-eight years ago ; and Mrs. Poor — Mary 
W. Pierce, youngest daughter of Rev. Dr. Pierce, 
of Brookline, Mass., — was born in Brookline seventy 
years ago. Of Mr. Poor's family only one brother, 
now in the State of Kansas, Mr. Elbridge Poor, is 
living. Of Mrs. Poor's, one brother and two sisters 
survive. Mr. and Mrs. Poor after their marriage 
lived seven years in Bangor, Me. In 1849 they 
removed to the city of New York, and in 1865 to 
Brookline, Mass., which has since been their home. 
Some years ago Mr. Poor purchased the estate in 
Andover upon which his grandfather, Ezekiel Mer- 
rill, settled in 1789, preceding other settlers by two 
years. In 1791 Mr. Merrill built a large house, the 
first in the town. This house, which occupies a 
beautiful and commanding position, has been fitted 
"up by Mr. Poor for a summer home. The recent 
occasion, at which numerous relatives and friends 
living in Andover were present, was a very happy 
one. The Orient is glad to note that Mr. and Mrs. 
Poor are in excellent health, and we extend our 
heartiest congratulations. 

'37. — A recent meeting of the Maine Historical 
Society was of great interest to the alumni and 
students of Bowdoin College because of the high 
tribute paid to Dr. Fordyce Barker of the class of '37. 
The following is from a report published in the 
Portland Pi-ess : The first paper of the evening was a 
tribute to the memory of Dr. Fordyce Barker, of 
New York. Dr. Barker was a native of Wilton, 
Franklin County, having been born in 1818. He 
graduated from Bowdoin in the class of 1837, and 
from the medical school in 1841. He first established 
himself at Norwich, Ct., until 1844, when he went to 
Paris for the purpose of obtaining a medical degree 
in France. He resumed practice in 1845 in Norwich. 
Since 1860 he lived in New York City. He was a 
member of the staff of Bellevue Hospital thirty-five 
years, closing his career only with his death. He 
was one of the attending physicians upon President 
Garfield after he was shot by Guiteau. He is buried 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



207 



at Norwich, Ct., with his father. Hon. G. F. Talbot 
stated that Dr. Barker was a classmate of his. In 
college he was rather 3'ouno;, although older than 
the speaker. Dr. Barker showed no signs ot the 
eminence which he afterwards attained. Neither Dr. 
Barker nor Governor Andrew, the two most famous 
members of the class, were especially noted for 
studiousness. Dr. Barker was well known in his 
college days, as in after life, for his affability and 
amiability. These, with his great tact, social talents, 
and imposing personal appearance made liim famous. 
By devoting himself to certain branches of medical 
science he attained his great fame and influence as a 
physician. 

'38. — Dr. G. S. Palmer died at his residence in 
Washington, D. C, Tuesday, December 8th. Dr. 
Palmer was born in Gardiner, IVle., June 14, 1813, 
and was graduated from Bowdoin in 1848. Imme- 
diately after graduation he took charge of the Gardiner 
Lyceum which was through him changed into a 
High School. While teaching he began the study of 
medicine, pursuing a course in Philadelphia at the 
Jefferson Medical College and at Maine Medical 
School, graduating at the latter place in 1841. In 
1842 he began the pi-actice of his profession in 
Gardiner. He was for one year editor and publisher 
of the Gardiner Ledger, in the meantime continuing 
his extensive practice. At the breaking out of the 
war he was commissioned assistant surgeon of 
volunteers, was promoted surgeon, and upon exami- 
nation was advanced brigade surgeon, and afterwards 
became surgeon of U. S. Volunteers with rank of 
major. He had charge of the Lincoln Hospital at 
Washington, and for a year at the close of the war he 
was in charge of the St. John's College Hospital at 
Annapolis. In 1865, having received an honorable 
discharge with rank of brevet lieutenant-colonel, he 
returned to his professional practice in Gardiner, and 
represented that city two years in ihe legislature in 
addition to filling other public offices. In 1869 at 
the request of Gen. Howard, Dr. Palmer took the 
Chair of Physiology and Hygiene in the Medical 
Department of Howard University. He was for 
many years Dean of the University Faculty and sur- 
geon in charge of the Freedman's Hospital. He 
leaves a wife and son to whom the Orient extends 
sincere sympathy. 

'40. — The Orient is deeply grieved to be obliged 
to announce the recent death of Mrs. Hannah P. 
Kellogg, the wife of one of our most loyal alumni, 
Rev. Elijah Kellogg of Harpswell. 

'44. — Lewis Alden Estes died at his home in 
Westfield, Ind., November 10, 1891. Mr. Estes 
was born in South Durham, Me., in December, 1815, 



and at an early age identified himself with the 
Society of Friends, of which society he remained 
a member until the time of his death. He was 
graduated from Bowdoin in 1844, and for about three 
years taught in this State and in 1847 went to Indiana. 
Soon afterwards he married Wiss Martha Hoag and 
they both taught for a number of years in Indiana 
and Ohio, he being for some time President of Wil- 
mington College in Ohio, an institution carried on 
under the auspices of the Friends. In 1874 he re- 
tired from teaching and went into business, being at 
the time of his death President of the Westfield 
National Bank. His first wife died in 1876, and 
some time afterwards he married Miss Hester Brown, 
who rendered his life most comfortable and happy 
until her death, one year before his own. He leaves 
two sons. Prof. Ludovic Estes of North Dakota, and 
Rowland Estes of Westfield. 

'53. — At a recent meeting of the Maine Historical 
Society, Rev. E. 0. Cummings, of Portland, was 
elected to the publishing committee of the Maine 
Historical Society's quarterly publications. 

'83. — Mr. Herbert Allen, principal of the High 
School at Dalton, Mass., and Miss Annie Bradbury 
of that place, were married on November 24th. 
They will reside at Dalton. 

'62. — A typical American of handsome presence 
and genial bearing, and a true Christian, beloved by 
thousands of people in the city, is Rev. Daniel Win- 
gate Waldron, better known as the city missionary. 
His efforts to improve the condition of the peoj^le 
of humble life, and particularly has he been 
successful in Christianizing the celestials of the city, 
many of whom through Mr. Waldron's exertions 
having been taught to read and write our language, 
and to worship in our churches and Sunday schools. 
As showing the high respect in which Mr. Waldron 
is held in the community, it is only necessary to say 
that he has been honored by being chosen chaplain 
of the house of representatives annually since 1879, 
and in 1880 he preached the annual sermon before 
the executive and legislative departments of the 
government in January. Rev. D. W. Waldron is 
the son of Daniel Waldron, and was born in Augusta, 
Me., November 11, 1840, and received his early edu- 
cation in that city. He entered Bowdoin College in 
1868 and graduated in the class of 1862. Afterward 
he studied theology for two years at the Bangor 
Theological Seminary and one year at Andover, 
graduating from the Theological School at the latter 
place in 1866. He was ordained and installed as a 
Congregational minister .at East Weymouth, April 3, 
1867, from which pastorate he was dismissed May 
14, 1871, to become acting pastor of the Maverick 



208 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Congregational Church, East Boston, which position 
he held until December, 1872, when he was appointed 
clerical missionary of the City Missionary Society of 
Boston. He has continued in the work of this society 
to the present time, visiting the poor, preaching in 
chapels, and presenting the claims of city missions 
to the churches. He has established the "Easter 
Card Mission," the "Fresh Air Fund," the "Thanks- 
giving Dinner Charity," and the "Christmas Letter 
and Card Mission." It is an inspiration to see the 
reverened gentleman on the occasion of the annual 
Chinese Sunday schools, when his great presence is 
the center of a gathering of American lady tutors 
and Chinese men who have been taught by them. 
All look with confidence and love on this earnest 
man, and the interest he takes in them is shown in a 
thousand ways. Indeed, no better man could have 
been chosen to the hard and delicate position of city 
missionary. — Boston Daily News. 

'66. — Rev. George T. Packard, who was one of 
the editors of the New Webster's International 
Dictionary, and, later, connected with the Century 
Dictionary, is now a member of the editorial staff of 
Worcester's Dictionary. 

'67. — Melvin F. Arey has charge of the depart- 
ment of Natural Science in the State Normal School 
at Cedar Falls, la. 

'83.— Frederic H. Files, M.D., of the Zeta Psi 
Fraternity, is a member of a Pan-Hellenic Club re- 
cently formed in Sioux Falls, South Dakota. 

Medical '83. — Dr. John Henry Keating died at his 
father's residence, Mr. Patrick Keating's, in Port- 
land, December 10th, of consumption. Dr. Keating 
was a rising young physician, who displayed great 
promise. He was a graduate of the Portland High 
School and a graduate of Holy Cross College. He 
then took up the study of medicine and graduated at 
the Bowdoin Medical School in 1883. He took a 
special course at Bellevue Hospital in New York. 
Upon receiving his degree he went to Woodstock, 
N. B., where he began practice. Later he removed 
to Rockland, and for four years he was in Biddeford, 
where he was a member of the school committee. 
Ill health necessitated his relinquishing his medical 
practice and he traveled in the West with the hope 
that he might regain his health. He lived in Denver 
for some time and then came home. Besides his 
father and mother, two brothers, Messrs. James and 
Thomas, and three sisters, Misses Mary, Nellie, and 
Agnes, survive him, and they have the sympathy of 
all in their bereavement. The deceased was 32 years 
of age. 

'88. — Llewellyn Barton, A.M., principal of Bridg- 
ton Academy, has prepared an excellent work en- 



titled "Algebraic Review." Teachers will find it a 
work of great value in conducting reviews. It 
already has the endorsement of several prominent 
educators. 

'89. — Oscar L. Rideout is now a member of the 
firm of Chase and Son & Co., Mechanical and 
Hydraulical Engineers, 57 and 59 Kennebec Street, 
Portland, Me. 

Ex-'90.— The tablets for Frank M. Gates and W. 
J. Harris, who died in Africa, have been, shipped to 
Freetown, going from Augusta by express to New 
York and then by vessel. 

'90. — George B. Chandler, a former managing 
editor of the Orient, and at present principal of 
Franklin High School, Franklin, Mass., was in town 
a few hours a short time ago. 

'90. — H. E. Alexander spent Sunday at the col- 
lege. 

'91. — Everett J. Loring, principal of Mattanaw- 
cook Academy, Lincoln, Me., is enjoying a long 
vacation at his home in this town. 

'91. — Fred W. Dudley, principal of the Kenne- 
bunk (Maine) High School, closed his first term last 
week, and made a few days' visit at the college the 
first of this week. Mr. Dudley is the fourth Bowdoin 
man who has had charge of this school since 1886. 




The editor sat in his sanctum, 

Letting his lessons rip; 
Racking his brain for an item 

And stealing all he could clip. 

The editor sat in his class-room 

Aa if getting over a drunk; 
His phiz was clouded with awful gloom. 
For he made a total flunk. 

The editor sat in his sanctum 

And hit himself in the eye, 
And swore he'd enough of the business; 

He would quit the paper or die. 



Ex. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



209 



The Exchange Column of college papers has 
changed greatly during the last year or two. In- 
stead of merely recording the exchanges, with some 
dry stereotyped criticism upon them, it has become 
the reaini of the editor alone. In it his interest and 
half-dreamy thought struts supreme. Hardly a 
college paper contains the old style department. 
The whim of the editor, the drift of his thought, tlie 
status of his mind determines the column. If some 
editorial pleases him he clips it and perhaps, com- 
ments on it; if any poem takes his fancy, he inserts 
it. Any thoughts that he may have, here he may 
thrust upon the world. Quaint incidents, reminiscent 
memories, often original rhymes all are mingled in 
this column. Such is the College World of the aver- 
age paper. Is it a success? If not, why, gentle- 
men, walk up and try it yourselves. The College 
World as a department of the college paper is in a 
state of change. Its status is not settled as yet, and 
all papers are making experiments regarding it. 
Increase of Knowledge. 

When Chaucer was of tender age, 
Men knew him only as a "paf;e"; 
But now the modern scholars look 
And find they know him like a book. 

— Brunonian. 

A friend of mine has discovered a use for the 
planchette, which puts all its occult powers far into 
the shade. He has been for quite a while in love 
with a girl, but he is of an exceedingly bashful dis- 
position, and as he sadly said to me one day, " didn't 
think he should ever get courage to propose." The 
other day, however, he came to me with a joyful 
look in his face. " Well, old man," I said, " I know 
I can congratulate you now." "Yes," he said "but 
let me tell you how it happened. The other evening 
I called on her just as I have been doing right along 
you know. Well instead of our usual talk and 
gossip she brought out a planchette, and began to 
ask it questions, telling me to put my fingers on it. 
You know how they work? We asked it most every 
thing, got all kind of answers, till at last she said, 
' Oh, I know, I'll ask it whom you are going to marry.' 
Perhaps my lingers trembled, but any way, the 
planchette traced out .slowly, hesitatingly Y-O-U. I 
looked up and-and-well-its some time next Decem- 
ber, old boy. And all on account of the planchette. 
God bless it! " 

At the Nebraska University, Chancellor Canfield 
suspended chapel exercises so as not to conflict with 
a "cane rush." 

The Universily Extension is at hand. The 
articles are excellent as usual. Especially noticeable 
is the one on " The Lowell Institute in Boston." 



The students at Rochester Universitj' have donned 
mortar-boards ; the tassels of the Seniors are black ; 
of the Juniors, purple; of the Sophomores, crimson; 
and of the Freshmen, green. 

The Rose and Sunflower. 

A rose and sunflower in a garden grew, 
" O," sighed the rose, and wept a tear of dew, 
"How nice it is to be so grand and tall 
That you can look beyond the garden wall." 

The listening sunflower lower bent his head 
And smiling at the pretty rose, he said, 
" Believe me, I have looked, and tell you true 
That naught beyond is half so fair as you." 

■^Inlander. 

Dartmouth has just established a chair of 
elocution. 

It has always been the wish of those interested in 
literature at Bowdoin, that she were able, like most 
other colleges, to support a monthly magazine, as 
well as a college newspaper. The attempt to combine 
the newspaper and the literary magazine under one 
cover must always prove unsatisfactory. Probably 
the other colleges in Maine have often wished the 
same thing ; but each has felt that it was not large 
enough to attempt the undertaking. But could not 
the four Maine colleges combine, and together publish 
a monthly literary magazine, at the same time making 
their present papers strictly newsy and light in 
character? Could not the four colleges together 
support one first-class magazine ? It seems so. One 
like the Amherst Lit. or Harvard Monthly for in- 
stance. The method of choosing editors, etc., could 
easily be arranged. We throw this out merely as a 
thought, cherishing anything that draws Maine 
colleges together and is at the same time an advan- 
tage to each. We should be glad to hear what the 
other college papers have to say about it. The need 
of a distinctly literary magazine is evident to all, 
whatever may be the means of its realization. 

The Usurpation of Power. 

When first I took her out to ride, 
She sat contented by my side, 
Admiring forest, hill, or grove 
And chatting gaily while I drove. 

A year went by. We were engaged, 
And then it was our spooning raged. 
We took to lonely drives again, 
I held one hand, she held one rein. 

Another year and we were wed, 
Our honey-moon was quickly speed. 
And now one ribbon she disdains, 
And calmly drives with both the reins. 

— Brunonian. 



210 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



From the list of graduates last year at Yale it is 
seen that 51 are studying law, 8 medicine, 7 theol- 
ogy, 21 are teaching, 5 are engaged in newspaper 
work, 10 are taking post-graduate courses, and 63 
are in business. This includes the entire class with 
the exception of a few whose occupations are un- 
known. 

The glee club at Rutgers has discarded dress 
suits, and will hereafter at its concerts appear in 
gowns and mortar-board caps, English student 
fashion. 

A member of the Junior class at Columbia has 
translated into Hebrew the Declaration of Independ- 
ence and published it in book form. 

The Senate of the University of Cambridge has 
decided that Greek shall be necessary for a degree. 

There are representatives from 15 different 
countries at Yale this year. 

The University of Michigan will erect a Grecian 
Temple as her contribution to the World's Fair at 
Chicago. 

Among the members of the Freshman class is 
Thomas E. Besolow, a native African chief. He was 
born in Beindoo, Upper Guinea, and his tribe is one 
of the three divisions of the Goolah nation. 

— Williani's Weekly. 



If you want knowledge, you must toil for it; if' 
food, you must toil for it; and if pleasure you must 
toil for it. Toil is law. Pleasure comes through 
toil, and not by self-indulgence and indolence. When 
one gets to love work, his life is a happy one. — Ruskin. '■ 

There are in the United States twenty-eight na- ! 
tional Greek letter fraternities among the male stu- 
dents. There are 638 colleges represented, and there 
is a membership of 92,279. They own and occupy 
sixty-four chapter houses. 

Senator Quay is quoted as saying that most of the 
political kickers are found among college graduates. 

The average expense of the Yale class of '91 was 
$1,000 yearly. 

OUR / ^^ ^°^'' Society Badge will be 
i Mailed to You through your 

new j Chapter upon Application. 

LIST ( Wright, Kay & Co^ 

Manufacturers of Finest Plain and Jeweled Society Badges. 
DETROIT, MICH. 



STUDENTS, ATTENTION! 



TONSORIAL PARLOR^^^BATH-ROOM 

Nezvly and Completely Furnished. 

George O. Hubbmrd 



I 



HAS JUST OPENED AT 



128 Main Street (Formerly Occupied by C. H. Powers) 

One of the Finest Tonaorial Parlors in the State. It is newly and elaborately furnished, and has in 

connection with it a first-class 

BATH-ROOM. ^ 



MR. F. C. WRITTEN the Well-Known Barber is with him. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Vol. XXI. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, JANUARY 20, 1892. 



No. 12. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 

PUBLISHED EVERT ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY DURING 
THE COLLEOIATE TEAR BY THE STUDENTS OF 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE. 



EDITORIAL BOARD. 

E. A. PuGSLET, '92, Managing Editor. 

J. C. Hull, '92, Assistant Managing Editor. 

H. 0. Faetan, '9.3, Business Manager. 

F. V. GuMMEB, '92. M. S. Glifpord, '93. 

J. B. F. HoDGDON, '92. C. W. Peabodt, '93. 

H. W. Kimball, '92. H. E. Andrews, '9i. 

F. "W. Pickard, '94. 



Per annum, in advance. 
Single Copies, 



$2.00. 
15 Cents. 



Extra copies can be obtained a^ the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Editor. 

Remittances shonld be made to the Business Editor. Coni- 
niuuications in regard to all other matters shonld be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by wa-iter'a name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Rhyme and Reason Department shoulti be 
sent to Bo.x 951, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal notes should be sent to Box 950, Brunswick, Me. 

- Entered at the Post-OfQce at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 



CONTENTS. 



YOL. XXI., No. 12.— January 20, 1892. 

Editorial Notes, 211 

Miscellaneous : 

Tennis, 213 

Zeta Psi Convention 214 

The Class of 1817, 215 

Tlie Debating Club, 216 

Prize Essay, 216 

Rhyme and Reason : 

The Snow-Slide 217 

Evening After a Snow-Storm, 217 

A Wail 217 

CoLLEQii Tabula 218 

Y. M. C. A., . 220 

Personal, 220 

College World " 221 




>-^ 



It is safe to say that no term ever 
opened at Bowdoin more auspiciously than 
the present one has done. On the first 
morning at cliapel the President announced 
that by the will of Mrs. Garcelon, wife of the 
late Dr. Garcelon of Oakland, Cal., and sister 
of the late Dr. Merritt of the same place, the 
college would receive four hundred thousand 
dollars, and on the second morning he further 
announced that by the distribution of the 
fund raised for colleges in memory of the 
late Mr. Parker of Massachusetts by his 
heirs, the college would receive over eleven 
hundred dollars as its share. 

These bequests will put the college on a 
much stronger financial basis than it has ever 
been before, and will enable its work to be 
carried forward with a much greater degree 
of ease and certaintjr. 

Hitherto work has been done at Bowdoin 
such as is done at the smaller New England 
colleges with a much smaller endowment 
than most of these institutions possess. Now, 
however, it will be possible for our college 
to compete with them with our financial 
handicap greatly reduced. There seems to 
be no reason why the college will not receive 
all the money left it by Mrs. Garcelon. It is 
stated on excellent authority that the pro- 
visions of the will are entirely satisfactory 
to the relatives of the deceased, newspaper 



212 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



rumors to the cootraiy notwithstaiidiiig. The 
probability that the instrument will be con- 
tested is therefore reduced to a minimum, 
and the money is assured to us as far as any- 
thing in the course of human events and 
transactions can be assured. 

Of the income from this four hundred 
thousand five per cent, must be added to the 
principal yearly, one-half of the remainder 
must then be used in the interests of the 
academical department of the college and the 
other half in the interests of the medical 
department. Only the income can be ex- 
pended. 

Mrs. Garcelon, Dr. Garcelon, and Dr. 
Merritt, from whose estate it is said the 
money originally came, were all natives of 
Maine, and have many relatives and friends 
living in and near Brunswick. That they 
all should so kindly remember the college 
shows that, while dwelling in a city far 
removed, the bonds which united them to 
the state of their nativity had not been 
completely sundered. Dr. Garcelon was 
a graduate of the Medical School and Dr. 
Merritt a graduate of both the college and 
medical school. 

Mr. Parker, in whose memoiy the fund 
for colleges was raised by his heirs, had often 
while living expressed a desire to give a 
portion of his wealth to the various colleges 
of the country, but died without having done 
as he had thought to do. It was in accord- 
ance with his often expressed desire that the 
fund from which the eleven hundred comes 
was raised. The action of the heirs of Mr. 
Parker in raising this fund certainly shows 
a high degree of respect for the deceased, 
reflects credit upon themselves, and stands 
out in marked contrast to the action usually 
taken in such cases. 



college by the Fayerweather will has been 
paid and that the remainder will be in the 
hands of the college treasurer by the end of 
February. By this it would seem that not 
only is Bowdoiii fortunate in having money 
willed to her, but that she is also highly 
favored in receiving the same promptly, 
without losses or ill-will. 



HILE discussing the finan(j5a] condition 
---■* of the college it may be of interest to 
state that a part of the money left to the 



w 



IT HAS been suggested in the columns of 
some of our exchanges and also in the 
college notes of one or two of the Boston 
dailies that Tufts, Brfiwn, and Bowdoin 
should form a foot-ball league for next 
season. . The scheme seems to be looked 
upon with favor by nearly every Bowdoin 
man. This being the case, would it not be 
well to find out just what the other colleges 
think about the matter. Tufts has already 
given some consideration to the subject, we 
believe, and doubtless such an arrangement 
has received some thought at Brown. 

There is not much doubt but that the 
games of such a league would be very 
evenly contested and therefore much more 
interesting than many of the one-sided con- 
tests which take place every season. 

That Bowdoin can prosper financially in 
such a league with proper management is 
proved by the result of this year, for there 
have been games with Tufts and Brown 
this year, and, leaving out of the account 
the debt of last year, the association has 
more than paid its expenses, and this, too, 
with a considerably less amount of sub- 
scriptions from students and alumni than 
ever before. In the light of these facts it 
would not be unreasonable to give the matter 
of forming such a league as has been pro- 
posed a careful consideration at the least. 

While speaking of foot-ball it may be 
well to state that, with the collection of a 
few more subscriptions which it is hoped 
can be paid soon, the officers of the asso- 
ciation will be able to render their account 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



213 



of the work of the season just closed. It 
is thought that ever3^ obligation of the 
association can be paid. We shall soon 
see whether this is to be true. The Orient 
will publish the accounts of the treasurer 
of the association if the management wish 
this to be done. 



TpITTLE or nothing has hitherto been said 
■L^ in the Orient concerning the new art 
building, although the fact that we are to 
have one has frequently been mentioned in 
the dail}' and weekly papers of Maine. This 
seeming lack of attention to the matter has 
been due to the fact that the friends who are 
to furnish the means for the erection of the 
building have desired and still desire that 
very little may be said upon the subject until 
the plans are coaipleted and everything is in 
readiness for the work of construction. 

It will be within bounds, however, to say 
at tliis time, especially for the benefit of 
those of the alumni and friends of the college 
living at a distance, that the building is an 
assured thing, that it will be a very worthy 
addition to those which now grace the 
campus, and that it will very likely stand on 
the side of the quadrangle opposite that upon 
which Memorial Hall is located. 

No details can now be given, as such as 
would be of interest cannot be obtained at 
present. Work upon the foundation will 
very likely be commenced early in the 
coming spring. 

To know this much with reference to the 
structure is sufficient to satisfy for the time 
being those interested in the college, whether 
graduates, undergraduates, or friends. 



TTTHERE is a vigorous stand that should 
^ be taken by those in authority. There 
should be an absolute prohibition of throwing 
filth from the dormitory windows. The prac- 
tice can be stopped if the proper remedy is 
applied. When a man knows that as goes 



his waste material out of the window so goes 
he out of college, he will be exceedingly 
thoughtful and have exceedingly good com- 
mand over himself, and he will not be so until 
he feels the horrors of the above-mentioned 
doom hanging over him. La grippe and 
typhus are too prevalent for the permission 
of garbage around the halls. 



i§©eIIar^e0Gi§. 



Tennis. 

DURING the past four years tennis has 
made great progress in Maine, and no- 
where is the fact more apparent than in the 
colleges. Five years ago there was not a 
man in any of the Maine colleges who could 
play even a fairly correct game. Now, while 
there are no great players in the colleges, 
there are several who are able to play a cred- 
itable game even when matched against the 
" crack " players of Massachusetts and New 
York. 

At Bowdoin no game is so universally 
popular as tennis. We are fortunate in 
having the best courts in the State, and 
although there are ten of them on the college 
grounds they are almost always crowded 
during the spring and fall terms. 

As has been said, there are many good 
players now in college; men who have really 
studied the game, who play "with their 
heads," men who have often competed in 
tournaments, and who can, in many instances, 
show handsome prizes as the results of their 
well-earned victories. 

Yet for two years there has been no col- 
lege tournament. Not only that, but the 
few society tournaments that have been 
attempted have almost without exception 
proved failures from one cause or another. 
As any one who has had experience in 
tournament plaj'ing can testify, no amount 
of practice can give a player the confidence 



214 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



and "nerve" to struggle successfully through 
a series of match games. One learns more 
of the game from a defeat b}- a more skilled 
opponent tlian he does from a dozen prac- 
tice sets. 

All, I think, will admit that a tournament 
is a desirable thing. Why then should we 
not have one? Granting that we should, 
would it not be a good plan, advantageous 
to all concerned, to invite the other Maine 
colleges to unite with us? 

A Maine Intercollegiate Tennis Tourna- 
ment has often been spoken of, and always, 
so far as the writer knows, with favorable 
comment. The chief objection urged against 
any new athletic scheme is its cost, but in 
the present case it could have but little 
weight, as the whole cost could be defrayed 
by an assessment of twenty-five or fifty cents 
on all members of the Tennis Association. 
If such an Intercollegiate Association is to 
be formed this year, steps looking toward 
such an end should be taken at once, as it 
might be advisable to hold the tournament 
during the spring term. 

This subject is worthy of our earnest 
attention. A union tournament of the State 
colleges for the college championship of the 
State would have a good influence in many 
ways. It would not only make every man 
who enters a better player, but it would 
make the game even more popular than it 
now is throughout the State. Under the 
present condition of things a man has no 
incentive to practice regularly and to study 
the fine points of the game tinless he lives in 
one of the few cities where annual tourneys 
are held. Let there be a contest between 
his own Alma Mater and the other colleges 
and he will feel much more disposed to 
devote his spare moments to perfecting his 
play and really mastering the game. 

The writer has talked with several of the 
college players, all of whom have agreed with 
him that such a union of the different colleges 



is not onl}' to be desired, but even necessar}* 
to the best interests of the game. Of course 
opinions vary as to the details of the plan. 
One desires that the tournament be held in 
the spring, while another thinks fall the 
better time. One thinks the number of 
entries from each college should be unlim- 
ited, another that the number should be 
restricted; but all agree in saying that they 
will support any fair plan which brings about 
an annual contest between the colleges. 

A i>rominent Bates player assures the 
writer that sentiment at Bates is strongly in 
favor of an Intercollegiate Association, and 
that any movement toward an agreement 
between the colleges will be met half way 
by their association. Colby has also been 
reported as in favor of such a plan, whether 
truly or not I do not know. 

Our prospect of winning first place in 
such a contest should of course have nothing 
to do with our consideration of the subject. 
Still it is not out of place to say that with 
the number of good players we have our 
chaiice is a good one, and even if defeated 
the first year we ought to atone for it in 
subsequent years. 

One word more. Think it over by your- 
self! Talk it over with others! Finally, if 
you consider the scheme feasible and are 
willing to give it your aid, do not hesitate to 
let your opinion be known. 



Zeta Psi Convention. 

TT7HE forty-sixth annual convention of the 
'■' Zeta Psi Fraternity was held on Thurs- 
day and Friday, January 7th and 8th, in 
Philadelphia, under the auspices of the Sigma 
Chapter at the University of Pennsylvania, 
and the Philadelphia Alumni Association. 
The convention was largely attended by 
Zetes from all parts of the country, and 
proved one of the most successful ever hild 
by the Fraternity, both in the business trans- 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



215 



acted and in the entertainment provided b}'' 
the receiving bodies. The headquarters were 
at the Colonnade Hotel which was crowded 
by the visitors, and the Grand Chapter held 
its secret sessions in a large hall situated in 
the hotel. 

The first day was spent in receiving the 
delegates and in the business sessions of the 
convention, which were attended by fifty- 
five delegates, representing each of the 
twenty-one chapters, and by many other 
alumni and undergraduate members. Among 
the business transacted was the granting of 
a charter for a new chapter to be founded at 
Leland Stanford, Jr., University in Cali- 
fornia. In the evening the visiting members 
attended a complimentary theatre party, 
given by the Sigma Chapter at the Empire 
Theatre. On returning to the hotel a splen- 
did collation was served to the party, which 
was heartily enjoyed by all, and was followed 
by singing and story-telling which lasted 
till a late hour. 

The business of the convention was con- 
tinued on Friday, and completed in the 
afternoon by the election of the (xi'and 
Chapter officers for the ensuing year, William 
Piatt Pepper, of the Sigma, being chosen to 
the honor of president of the Fraternity. 

At 8 P.M., Friday, January 8th, more than 
a hundred Zetes collected at Hotel Bellevue 
and took their seats for the annual banquet 
around the beautifully decorated tables. After 
en joying a well-selected menu, responses to the 
following toasts, abounding in wit and ex- 
pressing the sentiment of the Fraternity 
were listened to : 

Zeta Psi Fraternity, Francis Lawton. 

Patriarchs, Austen G. Fox. 

" The Grand Chapter," a Fraternity Poem, 

Read by Joseph G. Lamb. 
Fratres Nobilissimi, Alfred G. Baker. 

College Life in America, Dr. William Piatt Pepper. 
Old Times in Zeta Psi, Hon. Andrew Kirkpatrick. 

^These toasts were succeeded by several 



enthusiastic speeches by other noted brothers, 
and at last in the "wee sma' hours" the 
revelers dispersed and the convention was 
at an end. 



The Class of 18 17. 

TITHE following clipping, taken evidently 
^ from a Portland paper of September, 
1867, may be of interest to our readers: 

A Semi-Centennial Class Meeting. — A corre- 
spondent at Brunswick, Maine, sends us the following 
account of a very interesting meeting of the class of 
1817 of Bowdoin College: 

Bowdoin has been deeply interested in the recent 
meeting of the four surviving members of the class 
of 1817. The possibility of celebrating the fiftieth 
anniversary of graduation, September 4th, has been a 
cherished fancy, but scarcely a hope of it has been 
entertained, as one of the number was a resident of 
St. Louis, Mo. Unexpected circumstances, however, 
having led him to visit his native city, Portland, the 
meeting was promptly arranged, and these class- 
mates, who separated fifty years ago, met face to face 
at the railway station in this town on Tuesday after- 
noon — Nathan Cummings, Esq., of Portland ; James 
McKeen, M.D., Topsham ; Joseph Moody, Esq., 
Cambridge, Mass., and John Widgery, Esq., of St. 
Louis. After an hour or two spent together at the 
residence of Dr. McKeen in Topsham, they took seats 
in his carriage and visited the college to take a look 
at the grounds, which one of the party had not seen 
for forty-seven years. For him scarcely a familiar 
object, besides old Massachusetts Hall and the dial 
post in front of it, remains. The unpainted chapel 
of wood with pediment and pillars fronting the west 
entrance of the yard and its plain benches of pine, 
forum and desk, the president's house and garden, 
and Maine Hall of that period with more architectural 
pretension than any of the present halls, no longer 
remind one of the college of that day. The college 
yard, then a barren plain with none but balm of 
gileads to shade its borders, now, doubled in extent, 
shows a verdant carpet studded with maple and elm, 
surrounded with a thrifty hedge and skirted on three 
sides with a belt of thick-set shrubbery. Instead of 
one dormitory the visitors saw three, — a spacious 
chapel of granite with its beautiful prayer-room and 
libraries and picture gallery, the fine medical hall 
with commodious lecture, librai'y, and cabinet rooms ; 
the town quadrupled in size, adorned with a park 
and trees, and its streets shaded with trees, of which 



216. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



in 1817 there were scarcely half a dozen in the whole 
village. The St. Louis visitor saw scarcely anything 
to remind him of the village of his college days. 

The four classmates spent what was left of 
Tuesday and Wednesday, their anniversary proper, 
together, visited the public rooms of the college, 
called on the president and several of the professors, 
had a reception Wednesday evening, at the house of 
their host, of members of the college faculties and 
their families, and of old friends and children of old 
friends, prolonging their talks and reminiscences 
into the small hours of the night. Much interest was 
manifested in this occasion by the community around. 
The toll-gatherer on the bridge connecting Brunswick 
and Topsham refused toll of "Dr. McKeen's class- 
mates." For us, who looked on, it was a delightful 
scene, and for the four classmates, as they declared, 
the happiest day of their lives. 



The Debating Club. 

IT IS much to be regretted that the de- 
bating society, which for so long a time 
held such an important place in the college 
■world should be allowed to die out for lack 
of support. This organization has been kept 
up for a long time, coming into existence 
almost at the same time with the college 
itself. That it has done much good cannot 
be denied, and that great benefit can yet be 
gotten out of such a society, by those who 
are willing to put their shoulder to the wheel 
and give it a start again, is at least very 
probable. For at no other time has it been 
more imperative that the college student 
should possess that ease and freedom of 
speech, which is now denied to most of us, 
but which can be obtained, in a measure, by 
long practice. Many of us are intending to 
enter the law or ministry, and are, while pre- 
paring to enter the law school or seminary, 
neglecting the very thing which is essential 
to both professions, and without which, al- 
though well qualified in every other respect, 
we shall be obliged to go feeless and without 
even the proverbial button in the contribu- 
tion box. 

While recently talking with a graduate 



from one of our larger institutions, he was 
led to say that from no other branch of 
the college course did he receive so much 
benefit as from the debating club with which 
he was connected. That debate is popular 
throughout the schools and colleges of the 
land can be seen bj' the immense strides of 
the Lyceum League established last October. 
It now contains over one thousand five hun_- 
dred clubs, with a membership of more than 
twenty thousand, and hundreds of new appli- 
cations for charters weekly. These clubs are 
founded on nearly the same principle as the 
old lyceums, differing only in that it is an 
organized national league, in order to be- 
come a branch of which it is necessary to 
obtain a charter from its headquarters in 
Boston. There is no reason why Bowdoin 
should he behindhand in this movement, 
although, to be sure, we are given the credit 
of being a little slow down here in Maine — a 
name, perhaps, we may in some ways de- 
serve. But a debating club has flourished 
here formerly with the greatest success, and 
it is not only for the interest of the college, 
but also for the advantage of every student 
connected with it that such a society should 
again be organized and set in motion. 



Prize Essay. 
I iirHE following circular has been received 



^r fror 



im the American Protective Tariff 

League : 

New York, December 10, 1891. 

The American Protective Tariff League offers to 
the undergraduate students of Senior classes of col- 
leges and universities in the United States a series 
of prizes for approved essays on "Has the New 
Tariff Law Proved Beneficial ? " 

Competing essays not to exceed eight thousand 
words, signed by some other than tlie writer's name, 
to be sent to the office of The League, No. 23 West 
Twenty-third Street, New York City, on or before 
IVIay 1, 1892, accompanied by the name and home 
address of the writer and certificate of standing, 
signed by some officer of the college to which he 
belongs, in a separate sealed envelope (not to be 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



217 



opened until the successful essays have been deter- 
mined), marked by a word or symbol corresponding 
with the signature to the essay. 

It is desired, but not required, that manuscripts 
be type-written. Awards will be made July 1, 1892, 
as follows: For the best essay, $150 ; for the second 
best, $100; for the third best, $.50; and for other 
essays deemed especially meritorious, the Silver 
Medal of the League will be awarded, with honorable 
mention of the authors in a public notice of the 
awards. 

The League reserves the right to publish, at its 
own expense, any of the essays for which prizes may 
be awarded. 

The names of judges will be announced hereafter. 
Respectfully, etc., 

Cornelius N. Bliss, President. 
Henry M. Hoyt, General Secretary. 



I^hgme arpd I^eagorp. 



The Snow-Slide. 

High on the roof's precipitous side 
The shining snow-drift clings, 

And down upon the earth-low plains 
His haughty glances flings. 

He sits in glory till the sun 

Has climbed his lengthening way. 

And on the doomed and fated snow 
Pours down his fiercest i-ay. 

A moment brighter gleams the drift 

And hurls his scorn below, 
Then tumbles, crashing from his throne 

To merge in common snow. 

This fable's like we see in men. 

Who, raised to power, scorn 
The crowd ; but when the sun shines forth 

Fall headlong, crushed forlorn. 



Evening After a Snow-Storm. 

'Tis a beautiful eve, and the queen of night 
Floods the scene with her silver light. 
That each tiny crystal, in its turn. 
Reflects with beauty half its own. 



The fields that were so bare and brown, 
All nature seemed to wear a frown : 
The hills and meadows, high and low. 
Are whitened with new-fallen snow. 

Every pine's wide-spreading crest 
Is now with spotless mantle dressed ; 
While each swaying branch and bough 
Is trimmed with a glistening line of snow. 

Across the sky, the milky way 
Stretches its white galaxy ; 
A mingled mass of worlds, that lie 
Too distant for the human eye. 

There is no wind on plain or hill. 
There is no sound, but all is still ; 
Each star is shining at its best. 
And half the world has gone to rest. 



A Wail. 

Oh, Paradise! Oh, Paradise! 

And is it even so 

That thou art gone, and we must drink 

The hydrant's nasty flow? 

Therein foul Typhus lurks, 

(Oh, malady accurst ! ) 

And with malignant smii'ks. 

He waits to do his worst. 

Oh, Paradise ! Oh, Paradise! 
Who doth not crave for thee ? 
But winter's frosts have frozen fast 
Thy bosom, pure and free. 
We know not what to do ; 
We cannot e'er go dry ; 
If we drink hydrant "goo," 
We must crawl oft' and die. 



A feature of the new Sage School of Philosophy 
at Cornell is a professorship of the History and Phi- 
losophy of Religion and Christian Ethics, the first of 
the kind in America. Professor Tyler will trace the 
origin of religious tendencies in man ; and, though 
not denying the theory of evolution, will consider 
prehistoric man as the son of God, since he had in 
him the potentiality of all that he has become since. 



According to an exchange, the girls of Smith 
College have formed a Hare and Hounds Club. The 
young women, dressed in gymnasium suits, had a 
cross-country run a few weeks ago, in which they 
covered over seven miles. 



218 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 







Professor Carl Braun, of 
Bangor, will speak before 
the students of Bates College on the 
subject of Natural History, and it is 
thought that he may deliver a course 
of lectures at Bowdoin. 

Burpee, '87, was in town recently. 
Doherly, '95, is teaching at Limerick. 
Bagley, '94, is teaching at Columbia Falls. 
Glover, 94, is sick at his home in Rockland. 
Nelson, '91, spent last Sunday at the college. 
Pendleton, '90, was a recent visitor at the college. 
Flood, '94, is wielding the birch at Ellsworth 
Falls. 

C. H. Hastings, '91, made a visit, this week, to 
his Alma Mater. 

W. W. Thomas, '94, spent his vacation in Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

Dana has charge of the Sophomore base-ball 
squad at present. 

Hubbard and Hunt, '90, were at the college the 
first of the term. 

Bliss, '94, has been engaged as organist, taking 
the place of Gummer, '92. 

Stacy, '93, and Kuowlton, '95, took the examina- 
tions for West Point, at Lewiston. 

Professor Chapman gave a very pleasing address 
at the afternoon chapel exercises last Sunday. 

Flagg and Horseman, '94, are away from college, 
engaged in teaching the young idea how to shoot. 

Pi-ofessor Little has been confined to his home by 
illness, but is now able to attend to his library duties. 

Tutor Hunt spent part of his Christmas vacation 
on a trip to the wilds of Maine about Katahdin Iron 
Works. 

President Hyde was elected president of the 
School-masters' Club that was formed at Portland, 
Friday. 

Professor L. A. Lee read a paper, Wednesday, 
before the American Society of Natural History, at 
Philadelphia. 



The Athletic Committee held a meeting last Mon- 
day, at which considerable important business was 
transacted. 

Dr. W. L. Dana, of Portland, is to be the Demon- 
strator in Anatomy at the Medical School this year, 
in place of Dr. Thayer. 

Pay son, '93, has returned to college after a long- 
siege with a sprained ankle, the result of the Exeter- 
Bowdoin foot-ball game. 

Dr. Whittier has been engaged as Instructor of 
Physical Culture in the Portland schools, making his 
visits there on Saturdays. 

The Bowdoin Glee Club will go to Dover soon, 
where they sing at an entertainment given by the 
High School of that town. 

One of the bright and shining lights of the Fresh- 
man class gave recently as a definition of a gendarme, 
a cross between a soldier and a policeman. 

Mr. Louis C. Hatch, of the class of '95, gave a 
little "spread" in his room on the evening of Janu- 
ary 6th, in honor of the anniversai-y of the birthday 
of his room-mate, Boyd. 

Jones, Goodell, and Buoknam have arranged a 
dance to be given next Saturday. This will be the 
first gaiety which Bowdoin has had for some time, 
and will doubtless prove very enjoyable. 

At a meeting of the Maine Pedagogical Society, 
in Portland, Friday evening, January 1st, Professor 
F. N. Whittier of Bowdoin College read a very 
interesting paper upon physical training. 

With the hot Frankfort man, the candy boys, and 
the kerosene vender, Bowdoin students seem to be in 
a fair way to procure the necessaries of life without 
wandering far from the college's classic shades. 

It is understood that Whitney, '93, will noti-eturn 
to college. His leaving is to be sincerely regretted, 
as aside from his other pleasing qualities he was a 
fine athlete and one whose place will be hard to fill. 
' Plaisted, '94, who has been ill at his home in 
Augusta, is considerably improved, but as yet he is 
unable to return to college. He has some thoughts 
of going South for the winter, but would continue 
his studies and join '94 again next year. 

The sale of the reading-room papers drew quite 
a congregation to South Maine last Saturday. The 
bidding was quite lively, and the rashness of some 
of the bidders at times was the cause of much con- 
cern, lest they ruin their financial standing. 

The second annual reunion and dinner of the 
Bowdoin Alumni of Boston and vicinity took place 
at Young's Hotel, Wednesday evening, January 13th. 
Hon. W. W. Rice, of Worcester, President of the 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



219 



Association, presided. President Hyde and Pro- 
fessors Chapman and Lee took part in the exercises. 

Professor H. L. Chapman was one of the speak- 
ers at the Convention of University Extension at 
Philadelphia last week, speaking for the cause in 
Maine. The professor told how the movement 
was progressing in Maine, and his remarks were 
of a very interesting nature. 

At the quarterly meeting of Stale Board of Health 
at Augusta, Monday, December 28th, Professor Robin- 
son, of Brunswick, was delegated to represent the 
board at Washington on national legislation, in which 
the board is interested. On application of Farmington 
Normal School, the professor will visit that school 
to examine the sanitary arrangements and talk to the ■ 
pupils. 

Professor Lawton is making himself very popular 
by the hard work which he is doing for the college. 
He now proposes to give a series of readings from 
different Latin authors, and his scholarly translations 
will make them of great value to those who are 
interested in the subject. 'J'he first reading was 
given last Tuesday evening, in Lower Memorial, the 
professor taking for his work the third book of the 
iEneid. 

Professor Lee has been very busy during the 
vacation delivering his illustrated lecture on " A Sum- 
mer in Labrador." He has recently been lecturing 
in the Maine towns, including Belfast, Searsport, and 
Gardiner, and meeting with excellent success on 
each occasion. The professor now proposes to make 
a tour of the Provinces, and no doubt the people 
of the Dominion would welcome very kindly a lecture 
upon a subject which is not far removed from their 
own doors. 

The subjects for the iirst themes of the term are 
as follows : Juniors. 1 — Probable Republican and 
Democratic Nominees in the coming Presidential 
Election. 2. — Advantages and Disadvantages of Co- 
education. 3. — Write a short story. Those who 
take the third subject may, if they desire, write the 
story in chapters and continue it throughout the term. 
Hophomores. 1. — What Attitude Should the Govern- 
ment Assume Toward Chili ? 2. — Should Gymnasium 
Work be Compulsory or Optional? 3.— A Winter 
Day in Brunswick. During the remainder of the year 
members of the class are requested to hand in a 
plan with each theme. Themes are due on or before 
Wednesday, January 20th. 

Gymnasium work has started in with a rush, and 
quite an amount of enthusiasm is shown among the 
students. The boating and foot-ball men have been 
placed in one squad of which Carleton, '93, will have 



charge. Poor, '91, is putting the Freshmen through 
the intricacies of club swinging. The base-ball men 
have not as yet begun systematic training, but will 
soon begin to lit themselves for the spring campaign. 
The incandescent lights which have been placed in 
the gym are a very decided improvement over the 
arcs, and many very complimentary remarks are 
heard concerning the change. The winter bids fair 
to be a very prosperous one for Bowdoin athletics. 

The " mayor ofCaribou" recently arrived at dinner, 
late. When asked the cause he replied that he had 
been at Bowdoin nearly four yeai's and knew abso- 
lutely nothing about the arrangement of the library, 
and that he had spent the forenoon in trying to glean 
some knowledge of it. And then he asked: "You 
have to know the name of the author in order to look 
up the book in the card catalogue, don't you ? " This 
question was answered in the negative. "What,'' 
said he in surprise, "is it a double catalogue right 
through? Well, that's pretty slick. But what's that 
big black catalogue for ?" He was told that that was 
published some time before the war, and was hardly 
a safe guide with which to find books now. " Is that 
so ?" said he, in a most dejected tone. " Why, I 've 
been studying it the whole forenoon." And then the 
atmosphere suddenly assumed a tint most bluish, 
and the band was heard to play "My Country, 'Tis 
of Thee," in its softest strains. 

The Sophomore Prize Declamation was held in 
Memorial Hall, Thursday evening, December 17th. 
The first prize was given to Merrill, the second to 
Dana. The programme was as follows : 

The Burial-March of Dundee. — Aytoiin. 

Harry E. Andrews, Kenuebnnk. 
The New South.— Grady. 

Edgar M. Simpson, North Newcastle. 
Eulogy on Lafayette. — Everett. 

Trelawney C. Chapman, Jr., Springfield, Mass. 
The Eislng of 1776.— Read. 

Clarence E. Michels, Brunswick. 
Speech on Southern Slavery. — Phillips. 

Francis W. Dana, Portland. 
The March of Mind.— Bard. 

Frank G. Farrington, Augusta. 
Sheridan's Ride. — Read. 

Bennie B. Whitcomh, Ellsworth. 
On the Condition of India. — Sheridan. 

Fred J. Libby, Richmond. 
King Robert of Sicily.— Longfellow. 

George A. Merrill, Pownal. 
An Incident in the Life of Wendell Phillips. — Wells. 

Rupert H. Baxter, Portland. 
Extract from Speech. — Emmet. 

Albert J. Lord, Ellsworth. 
Socrates's Defense. — Plato. * James A. Nichols, Casco. 

♦Excused. 



220 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



. ff . ©._/!. 



There seems to be an increased interest in Bible 
study in many associations. This is notably the case 
in some of the Western states, especially Missouri 
and Illinois, and where these Bible classes are the 
most vigorous the Christian work is progressing 
most rapidly. Indeed, the Christian without the 
Bible and the study of it is like the engine without 
fuel. Nothing short of a miracle will keep him at 
work a great while. If this is so, then why not 
make use of that inspiring book ? Perhaps we shall 
never have as good an opportunity of studying it as 
we have now in our general class in Bible study. 
Besides that, more work could profitably be put into 
the Bible Training Classes so as to make them pow- 
erful factors in our own lives, and of more positive 
influence in college. 

Professor Wells addressed the association Sunday 
afternoon, January 17th, on the subject " Strength 
in the Young Man." He said that physical and in- 
tellectual as well as spiritual strength was necessary 
for the realization of a man's greatest possibilities 
in the Christian life. These attributes he illustrated 
by the life of Count Von Moltke as it has been shown 
to the public by the recent publication of letters and 
manuscripts. The address made one feel that how- 
ever much he was doing to develop a rounded 
character, there was a chance for him to do much 
more, and to do it now rather than at some time in the 
future. 

A very pleasant feature of the meeting was the 
prompt and spirited singing, which was led by the 
college quartette. 




;i '31. — On Friday, 1st, was 
observed the 79th birthday 
! of Edward H. Thomas, of Portland, a 
graduate of Bowdoin, class of 1831. The 
anniversary was held at the hospitable and 
well-known mansion of the Thomas family 
on Danforth Street, and was largely attended by the 
friends of the family, among those present being 
many musical people, quite a concert being given in 



the evening. The Argus says: "Mr. Edward H. 
Thomas, despite his advanced age, is passionately 
fond of music, and last evening he favored the com- 
pany with selections on his favorite instrument, the 
flute. A pretty feature of the decorations consisted 
of flowers entwined about his portrait in the music 
room with the dates 1813-1892 worked in evergreen. 
All that loving hearts and hands could do to make the 
79th anniversary one of memorable pleasure was 
done by Miss Charlotte Thomas and other members 
of the family." We have known Edward H. Thomas 
for years, and a more equable man in disposition, 
more generous in his judgments of his fellow-men, 
and more disposed to take his part in all that contrib- 
utes to the pleasures of social life, we never knew. 
Always a welcome guest in the Thomas family, we 
have passed some of the happiest hours of life 
there. — Brunswick Telegraph. 

'34. — It is the painful duly of the personal editor 
of the Orient to again chronicle the death of one 
from the ranks of Bowdoln's older alumni. This 
time it is one of the oldest and most prominent of 
Boston's physicians. Dr. James C. Ayer, of the 
class of 1834, who died in Boston, December 31st. 
Dr. Ayer was boi-n in Newfield, Me., October 4, 1815. 
For the first two years after graduation from Bow- 
doin he taught in the academies at Wakefield, N. H., 
and at Limerick, Me. In 1836 he began the study 
of medicine with Dr. L. I. Ham, of Newfield, and 
attended the medical schools at Hanover, N. H., and 
Brunswick, where he received the degree of M.D. 
in 1839. He practiced his profession at Lebanon for 
a few years, after which he removed to Sandwich, 
Mass. In 1846, on the death of his brother. Dr. 
Joseph C. Ayer, '32, he removed to Boston, where 
he soon built up an extensive and successful practice. 
He became in 1840 a member of the Massachusetts 
Medical Society. Besides his private services. Dr. 
Ayer was a physician connected with the Discharged 
Soldiers' Home during a part of the war, and a 
trustee of the Lying-in Hospital for the most of the 
time since its organization. He has also published 
several medical essays and addresses. 

'36. — Rev. David Sewall is supplying the Con- 
gregational pulpit of Alton, N. H., and makes his 
home in South Berwick, Maine. The following is 
from the South Berwick items in the Biddeford 
Weekly Journal of January 15th. Rev. David Sewall 
and wife had been married fifty years the 6th instant. 
The celebration of the event was entirely private as 
they did not allow their friends to know of it until it 
was past. We think a couple hardly appreciates 
their rare blessing who do not even allow their 
friends to congratulate them upon the fiftieth anni- 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



221 



versary of their marriage. This would have been a 
specially delightful privilege in the case of Mr. and 
Mrs. Sewall who have the highest esteem of the 
whole community. 

'37. — Death has entered once more the class of 
'37 and carried away one of its beloved members. 
Dr. Moses Erastus Sweat, of Parsonsfield, died at his 
home, January 1, 1892, at the age of 76. Dr. 
Sweat was born in Parsonsfield, January 12, 1816, 
and in 1833 entered Bowdoin, and graduated in 
1837. Immediately after graduation he began the 
study of medicine with his father, Dr. Moses Sweat, 
and attending the Maine Medical School received 
the degree of M.D. in 1840, and in the same year 
removed to Limington, where he practiced his pro- 
fession till 1862, in which year he removed to Par- 
sonsfield to take up his father's practice in that place, 
where he remained till his death, highly esteemed 
as a man and greatly trusted as a physician. 

'43. — It is sad to think that the alumni depart- 
ment is becoming so largely given over to obituary. 
Hon. Joseph Titcomb, an honored and respected 
citizen of Kennebunk, died at his home in that place, 
December 26, 1891. Mr. Titcomb was born in 
Kennebunk in 1822, and graduated from Bowdoin 
College in 1843. Immediately after graduation he 
began the study of law with Hon. E. E. Bourne, of 
his native place, but did not long pursue that pro- 
fession. He instead entered into mercantile pur- 
suits and shipbuilding, in both of which he has been 
eminently successful. He has several times been 
a member of the State Legislature, and has more 
than once been tendered the nomination for governor 
of the State. He has been intimately connected with 
the banks of Kennebunk, having been president of 
both the national and savings banks of that place, 
and he has also been bank commissioner. Since 
1868 he has been a member of the board of trustees 
of Bowdoin, and in 1878-74 was college treasurer. 

'46. — Prof. Joseph C. Pickard has been obliged to 
remove from Beloit, Wis., on account of his wife's 
health, and is now residing with his son, Dr. W. S. 
Pickard, of Burlingame, Kansas. 

'62. — The American Board of Commissioners for 
Foreign Missions has lost, we hope only for a short 
time, one ofits most earnest and faithful workers. Rev. 
J. Edwin Pierce, who under the auspices of the 
A. B. C. F. M. has been occupying a missionary post 
at Bardezag, Turkey, has been obliged, on account 
of his wife's health, to resign his position, and will 
make his home in Monmouth for the present. 

'86. — Mr. Irving W. Home has been appointed 
principal of the high school at Quincy, Mass. 

'86. — F. L. Smith has been elected sub-master of 



the Chelsea (Mass.) High School with a salary of 
$1,700 and a prospect of an increase to $2,000. 

'89. — Lincoln J. Bodge is a member of the new 
law firm of Stryker & Bodge in Minneapolis, Minn. 

'90.— George B. Chandler has left the Franklin 
(Mass.) High School to accept the position of prin- 
cipal of the Milford (Mass.) High School at a salary 
of $1,500 with prospects of $1,700. 

'91. — H. T. Jackson has left his position as director 
of the Phillips Exeter Gymnasium to accept a 
similar position at Trinity. 




The Mehky-Tiiocght. 

'Twas a happy little maiden, 

Eyes with cunniug fraught, 
Wlio, one dinner, with me tried to 

Break a "merry-thought." 

"Which of us will live the longer?" 
So she whispered low; 
Soon the fateful lot determined 
Who was first to go. 

Presently there came another 

Wish-bone by her way ; 
And she asked me: " Who '11 the sooner 

See the wedding day?" 

But she paused — tlien with her sister 

Pulled it; for she knew 
That the bone could not be broken 

Equally in two. 

—Ex. 

During the last few weeks, I have heard from 
several of the more recent alumni, and also have 
had the opportunity of talking with several. In 
them all one thing has impressed me — the enthusi- 
asm shown in their especial lines of work, and in 
life generally, so in contrast with the deep, sad tones 
of pessimism so recently heard in some of the Re- 
views. And I thought: "Yes, Bowdoin does this. 
She sends her classes out into the world with a sense 
of the possibilities in life, sends them out eager to 
work and to win. She realizes for them the divinity 



222 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



in humanity, and thrusts out the selfishness and dis- 
content. Her graduates thus go out, not into a cold, 
bitter, uncongenial world, but with zeal into the 
opportunities that the world offers, for upbuilding 
themselves and uplifting others. They say, with 
Mrs. Browning : 

' The blue of heaven is larger than the cloud,' 
and they live in the blue.'''' 

That day is best wherein we give 

A thought to otliers' sorrows; 
Forgetting self, we learn to live; 
And blessings born of kindly deeds 

Make golden our to-morrows. 

A while ago I chanced into a business meeting 
of a church not far from here. The question of 
calling a young man to the pastorate was before 
them. After some talk and more silence, the ques- 
tion of the candidate's orthodoxy was raised. The 
leader said: "There is no question about that; you 
noticed that he was not strong-looking." This 
seemed to be satisfactory evidence. After a few min- 
utes an old weather-beaten, wind-furrowed farmer 
arose. " That's just the trouble," he said. "He 
don't seem strong. He has n't got a chest like this," 
and therewith he drew in his breath, shut his fists, 
and began to pound his breast very vigorously. 
" He won't do no way. He can't stand much holler- 
ing. We want good preaching. He can't stand 
I'aising children." "Yes, but he isn't married," 
some one said. Then the question of whether that 
was an objection was raised. "I think we will refer 
that to the unmarried ladies," the leader said. " Miss 
Libby, what is your opinion?" The ladies seemed 
to think that his single state would be no objection. 
But they decided to hear him another Sunday and 
look him over a little more. I pitied the man. 

That the college man is fickle 

I scarcely can gainsay; 
I know by deep experience 

That his love lasts but a day. 

When I was but a Freshman, 

I remember how I'd sit 
And think for hours o'er my love, 

My darling Anna Lyt. 

I remember I adored her, 

And brooded thereupon ; 
But now she is forgotten, 

I love my Polly Con. 

— Smiles. 

The Harvard-Yale Union debate has called out 

numerous editorials in the college papers. All 

vibrate to one melancholy strain ; all lament the 

lack of interest for debate in colleges, and demand 

action. Bowdoin, within the last few years, has 



reiterated the same thing ; but to no purpose. The 
fact is, the phases of college life have wonderfully 
multiplied within fifty years. No student can take 
in all, and those which appear least desirable to the 
students in general go to the wall. So it has been 
largely with public debate. The question merely is, 
have students made a bad choice, have they let go 
that which they should have kept? The doctrine of 
psychology, that we must deliberately murder some 
desirable things, has been carried out. Debate has 
been murdered for the sake of other things. Is the 
murder justifiable ? 

Twenty-five years ago the first college in this 
country was opened to women, and it is stated there 
are to-day 40,000 women studying in the various col- 
legiate institutions. 

The Brown Daily Herald has made its first ap- 
pearance. There are now six daily papers published 
by colleges in this country. 

Wellesley College has an endowment of $2,.500,- 
000; Bryn Mawr of $1,000,000 ; Vassar of $1,200,- 
000, and Smith of $400,000. 

I met her on the street, 

Her hair was red. 
Perhaps of auburn hue 

I should have said. 
I looked for the white horse, 

He was not there, 
Concluded that the girl * 

Had dyed her hair. 

At Williams, the class of 1826 graduated twenty- 
eight men, twenty-three of whom became ministers 
of the gospel. 

The youngest college president in the country is 
F. A. Turner, of Lincoln University, in Nebraska. 
He is twenty-nine years old, and is now filling his 
position for the third year. 

It used to be the custom at the University of Ox- 
ford for upperclassraen to skin the chins of Fresh- 
men, and to make them drink a certain vile broth 
prepared for the occasion. 



OUR / ^^ ^°''"' Society Badge will be 
I Mailed to You through your 

ntW 1 Chapter upon Application. 



PRICE 
LIST 

Manufacturers of Finest Plain and Jeweled Society Badges. 
DETROIT, MICH. 



Wright, Kay & Co. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Vol. XXI. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, FEBRUARY 3, 1892. 



No. 13. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 

PUBLISHED EVERY ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY DURING 
THE COLLEGIATE YEAR BY THE STUDENTS OF 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE. 



EDITORIAL BOARD. 

E. A. PuGSLEY, '92, Managing Editor. 

J. C. Hull, '92, Assistant Managing Editor. 

H. C. Fabyan, '93, Business Manager. 



F. V. GuMMER, '92. M. S. 


Clippord, '93. 


J. B. F. HoDGDON, '92. C. W 


Peabodt, '93. 


H. W. Kimball, '92. H. E. 


Andrews, '94. 


P. W. PiCKARD, '94. 




TB3RU.^S : 




Per annum, in advance. 


. $2.00. 


Single Copies, 


15 Cents. 



Extra copies can be obtained attlie boolcstores or on applica- 
Liun to the Business Editor. 

Remittances sliould be made to the Uusiness Editor. Com- 
nuinications iu regard to all ottier matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni arc invited to contribnie 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appende<l. 

Contributions for lihyme and Reason Department should be 
sent to Box 951, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal notes should be sent to Box 9.50, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post-OfBoe at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 

CONTENTS. 

Vol. XXI., No. 13.— February 3, 1893. 

Editorial Notes 323 

Miscellaneous : 

Doings of the Past at Bowdoin, 225 

The Y. M. C. A. and the College 22(j 

Reminiscences of the Thirties 22G 

The Keeper's Story, 228 

The New England Association of Zeta Psi, . . 229 

Recognition of University Extension Students, . 229 

In Memoriam, 230 

Rhyme and Reason : 

Hard Luck, 230 

To an Ambitious Dullard, 230 

The First Assembly, 231 

CoLLEGii Tabula, 231 

Y. M. C. A., 233 

Personal 234 

College World, 236 




have any entertaiiiinentsfor 
the benefit of athletics this winter? If we 
are is it not about time that we were about 
the business ? There sliould be one enter- 
tainment for the benefit of base-ball before 
the athletic exhibition, and another at some 
time next term for the benefit of foot-ball. 
Let us have them, by all means, and thus 
raise a part of tJie money which these sports 
will require during the coming season. The 
plan has worked well during the past year, 
and there is no reason why it will not do so 
again this year. Where is the man who will 
come forward and push tlie matter through ? 

As to what the nature of the affair shall 
be it is not difficult to decide. Something 
of a dramatic or of a musical character will 
be sure of success. Two entertainments, as 
is here proposed, would, with the athletic 
exhibition, make a first rate series of amuse- 
ments for the college year. 

It seems that for the first of such a series, 
for the present at least, a play of some kind 
would be best. This play or drama, as a 
rule, should be written by an undergraduate 
of the college. There is not much doubt 
but that such a play, if carefully prepared, 
would be well patronized by students and 
citizens of the town alike. Why not make 
an attempt in this direction? We havQ 



224 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



among us some very good story writers, and 
there is no reason why there should not be 
good writers of plays as well. Here is an 
opportunity for some one to make his repu- 
tation. Let him come forward and make it. 

In an entertainment, such as is here 
suggested, the drama may not be the only 
thing given. The play might be supple- 
mented with two or three literary parts, 
thus giving variety to the affair. 

At the present late date it is well known 
that there is scarcely time for all that has 
been suggested. Yet a part can be accom- 
plished. A good play can be selected and 
well rendered if an attempt is made in 
earnest; and this, with a few selections from 
the Glee Club and one or two literary parts, 
will make an entertainment which will com- 
mand the attendance of all. It is plainly 
seen by all that what has been suggested can 
be done and that it should be done. Shall it 
be done or shall it not? Gentlemen, 3'ou 
who are doing nothing in athletics or in any- 
thing else except your regular class-room 
work, but who are able to take this matter 
up and carry it through to success, will be 
held responsible if the matter is not con- 
sidered and dealt with as it should be. 



WHILE speaking of preparing and enact- 
ing dramatic composition, the thought 
was suggested, Why not have a dramatic 
club at Bowdoin? This would be a new 
departure and one full of interest to man}'', 
without doubt. Such an organization would 
bring the men of the various societies together 
in a way that would give them a much better 
knowledge of the literary abilities of one 
another than they now possess. There would 
be a great advantage in having such a society 
or club in college if a part of our annual 
expenses for sports should be paid by the 
presentation of dramas, etc., to the public at 
large, for it would train up a body of writers 
and artists which could be drawn upon as 
occasion demanded. 



There are dramatic clubs at several of 
the New England colleges, and they seem to 
prosper. It certainly would do no harm to 
try the experiment at Bowdoin. We are in 
an era of progression, and now is the time to 
make innovations and reforms, resting assured 
that what is worthy in any of them will stand 
the tests of time and be of value to those who 
are to be the undergraduates of the future. 

There seems good reason to suppose that 
such an organization would live among us if 
it were properly instituted, for there is noth- 
ing that the student is more interested in 
than in furnishing entertainment for others. 
The costs of instituting and maintaining such 
a club need not be great, and certainly could 
be met without going into the pocket for the 
wherewithal to keep the thing going. 

The aim of such a club should be to 
develop writers as well as actors. And right 
here is the field of its greatest usefulness. 
In running over any article prepared by the 
average writer, one is struck with the flatness 
of that part of his composition wherein an 
attempt is made to give the conversation of 
individuals. Now practice in writing plays 
would, since the great body of such matter 
is of a conversational nature, enable writers 
to discover the cause of the flatness men- 
tioned and lead them to avoid the same. 
Possibly this defect in writing might be over- 
come in some other way than by writing and 
criticising plays through the influence of a 
dramatic club, but certain it is that the 
dramatic club could be made of great ad- 
vantage in elevating the general tone of a 
certain kind of composition. There are 
several good reasons, then, why a dramatic 
club may properly find a place among us. 



TpIBERALISM is certainly one of the most 
•L^ striking features of college management 
at the present hour, and its good effects are 
visible on every hand. If there is one thing- 
more than another which impresses one with 
the belief that the Stanford University 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



226 



and the University of Chicago are to be 
institutions of power, it is the freedom with 
which the faculties of these schools are being 
chosen. Creed seems here truly to be as it 
should be, of very little consequence. It is 
certainly pleasing to note the manner in 
which Unitarians, Baptists, Presbyterians, 
and Congregationalists are coming together 
and working for the good of humanity in all 
our colleges. The progress of the present 
age is often spoken of as marvelous, but it 
is not so marvelous after all when men whom 
denominationalism would have compelled, in 
times gone by, to pull against each other, 
forever negativing each other rather than 
doubling the positive power of each, are seen 
all using their energies in the same direction, 
andtreating the theories and accomplishments 
of one another with due respect and consid- 
eration. 



T V 7E RECENTLY received a catalogue of 
■*^ Leland Stanford, Jr., University, of 
California, in which institution Prof. E. M. 
Pease, formerly of Bowdoin, has charge of 
the Latin Language and Literature. It cer- 
tainly appears from a perusal of the publi- 
cation that this new school of the far West 
is to take the lead in the section where it is 
located, and be to the Pacific coast what 
Yale, Harvard, and Johns Hopkins are to 
the Atlantic. That Prof. Pease holds the 
Latin chair in such an institution is a ereat 
honor to himself and a credit to the Faculty 
from which he was chosen. 



Haverford College has a students' telegraph com- 
pany, which not only connects the various parts of 
Barclay Hall more closely together, but which also 
brings news and messages of interest to those stu- 
dents who have rooms at Woodside Cottage, which 
is at some little distance from the other college 
buildings. 



The Senate of Cambridge University, by a vote 
of 525 to 185, has rejected the proposition to dispense 
with the study of Greek. 



i§©eIIar^eoa§. 



Doings of the Past at Bowdoin. 

TITHE time is now drawing near when we 
-*■ shall celebrate the hundredth year in 
the history of Bowdoin. A century has 
passed, the beginning of which was filled 
with the many drawbacks and discourage- 
ments which surround the infancy of a newin- 
stitution, hampered by lack of means and with 
its reputation yet in the future. But slowly 
and steadil}' it has advanced, obstacle after 
obstacle has been met and overcome, winning 
friends on every side. Now, approaching its 
centennialyear, it is surrounded by prosperity, 
with willing sons and supporters on every side. 
What could be more interesting to her friends 
than some well-written history of the past 
years? Not a history as the word naturally 
conveys to our mind, a dry, musty affair, 
filled with nothing but dates and jaw-twisting 
names, but some attractive-looking, finely- 
composed work of some four or five hundred 
pages, containing the progress of the institu- 
tion from 1794 to 1894, what it was then, 
and what it is now. Such a history should 
touch upon the situation of the college, its 
financial standing, work accomplished, build- 
ings, government, athletics, and other mat- 
ters of interest. It should be well illustrated 
throughout, with views of the college and 
surrounding country. If the latter part were 
given to reminiscences and anecdotes con- 
tributed by the alumni, it would make it 
doubly interesting. 

The college now has no work of this nature. 
The history published in 1882 by Professors 
Cleaveland and Packard is intended only as a 
biographical chronicle of the overseers, in- 
structors, and graduates of the institution, the 
first part containing a brief history of its foun- 
dation. This work, although valuable in itself, 
is but little used except as a book of reference, 



226 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



and is accessible to but comparatively few, and 
thus another work is much needed. The 
advantage of such a sketch would be two- 
fold: First, as an advertisement for the col- 
lege. Hundreds would read a book of this 
kind, were it full of life and interest, where 
one containing nothing but statistical facts, 
no matter how concisely gotten up, would be 
passed by untouched, or receive but a hasty 
perusal. Secondly, it would awaken a new 
interest among the alumni. Almost every 
member in whom there is yet a smouldering 
love for his Alma Mater would wish to 
possess a copy, and in reading of the familiar 
scenes and events, would be awakened to new 
zeal and loyalty to the college ; and perhaps 
it would create a desire in him to aid her 
now who did so much for him in the pleasant 
and profitable years spent within her halls. 



The Y. M. C. A. and the College. 

'D'T ALL times during the history of the 
/■^ college there has been some religious 
organization connected with it. The one 
most widely known, especially among the 
older graduates, is the Praying Circle. While 
talking with one of the class of '63, quite 
recently, he spoke with a great deal of 
enthusiasm about these meetings; how the 
boys used to meet around in each other's 
rooms and hold services. This was kept up 
for over sixty years until replaced by the 
Y. M. C. A. in 1883. 

In Bowdoin, as in every other institution 
of its kind, the religious society holds a place 
in her history, and that a prominent one, and 
its influence she could ill afford to lose. Not 
only is it productive of good work and influ- 
ence in the college itself, but its presence 
and activity tends to elevate the morality 
and high standing of the institution in the 
world at large. By this means earnest and 
thoughtful Christian students are drawn 
towards the college, and as a result a higher 



class of intellectual patronage is obtained. 
A young man enters college in quest of 
truth, in the various sciences offered by the 
college curriculum, but in his search after it 
he should not dwarf nor lay aside for the 
time those principles which are founded on 
the Source of all Truth. In the religious 
society these principles find utterance. It 
broadens out his life, and causes him, to a 
certain extent, to lose sight of his own selfish 
aspirations, and to live more for his fellows 
and his college. Here society and class 
feeling are for the time laid aside, and a 
tendency to unite the students into one body, 
instead of separate factions, each with its 
own end in view exists. Considering the 
important position which the Y. M. C. A. 
holds in the college, it should receive the 
cordial support of every loyal student, 
instead of being made the subject of so 
much light jesting, as is so often the case. 



Reminiscences of the Thirties. 

IN THIS age the idea is very prevalent 
among young men that they are far supe- 
rior to the boys of sixty yeai's ago, but it is 
rarely that we find this view supported by 
older people. In general, old men speak in 
a disparaging tone of the youths of the 
present generation, and tell how much 
smarter and more respectful young men were 
in the days of their own boyhood. There 
is, however, one Bowdoin alumnus, and he 
must rank among the oldest living graduates 
of the college — who, contrary to the usual 
practice, declares that the manners and 
morals of the present generation of college 
boys are better than those of sixty years ago. 
Whatever may be the merits of the case, 
he can tell many pleasant stories connected 
with the early days of our college, among 
which are the following, which, perhaps, are 
not generally known among us, and may 
prove of interest. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



227 



Even ill those early times the practice of 
having class sappers was in vogue, and 
accordingly the class of 183- celebrated the 
beginning of its Sophomore year with a 
banquet, served at Stinchfield's Tavern, 
which was located nearly opposite the present 
Tontine Hotel. This was before the days of 
prohibition, and so wine flowed freely at the 
table, and some of the more boisterous spirits 
also introduced brandy, which was partaken 
of freely. At a late hour the men left the 
tavern (history does not relate how many 
were left under the table) and adjourned to 
the college, doubtless kept in silence by fear 
of the Brunswick j}oli<:e force. Once on the 
campus this restraint was removed and much 
hilarity jDrevailed, during which glass was 
broken and other damage done. 

Through the efforts of one of the class 
nearly all were aroused in time to attend 
chapel the next morning, but the facult}' 
were aware of the proceedings and a vote of 
admonition was recorded against the class. 
The admonition was to be given by a 
famous member of the faculty who was idol- 
ized by the whole college, and who was not 
in sympathy with the harsh methods of dis- 
cipline so much resorted to at that time. 
When the class was assembled for the admo- 
nition, in the chemical lecture-room, and 
were expecting a severe reprimand, the pro- 
fessor, to the surprise of all, delivered a 
beautiful lecture on morals and ended with 
the words "Aud the class will now consider 
itself admonished." 

About this same time a Freshman, who 
has since been president of a famous college 
in the Old World, was subjected to the cus- 
tomary washing process beneath the pump, 
formerly near Maine Hall, and which not 
long ago gave place to the more convenient 
hydrant. The faculty finding out the offen- 
ders summoned them to appear, but, on their 
failure to do so, search was made for a con- 
stable to bring them. After some delay a 



constable from Topsham consented reluct- 
antly to undertake the task. Approaching 
North Maine he found the door securely bar- 
ricaded, while sundry articles of an unpleas- 
ant nature descended on his head. At last 
an entrance was gained, but to his surprise, 
not a student was to be found. He was not 
aware of the easy path over the roof, by 
which the boys had reached the south end 
and disappeared. The matter was afterwards 
settled in a more peaceable manner. 

Later in the fall a small but plucky mem- 
ber of the lower class was taken from his 
bed and treated to a bath under the same 
pump, on a cold November night. When 
his captors had pumped as long as they 
wished they told the Freshman to get up 
and go to his room. He arose as bidden, 
but to the surprise of all, struck with all his 
strength between the eyes of one of those 
standing near, and with the remark "I'll 
know you to-morrow," started for his room. 

Before our present chapel was built there 
was an old wooden structure which served 
for morning and evening prayers and con- 
tained the college and society libraries in 
the upper story. This building was an eye- 
sore to the students, who were wishing for 
a new stone one, and probably the presence 
of the libraries alone prevented it from 
being burned. There was a window back 
of the pulpit, and on stormy nights in winter 
the glass in this was often broken, so that 
when the president came to conduct the 
morning chapel, which was held as soon as 
it was light enough to see, he was obliged 
to turn his cloak up over his head to protect 
himself from the drifting snow while reading 
and praying. Several years earlier than the 
time of which this is written, on the night 
before Fast-day, the boys had removed the 
chapel-bell, and, carrying it to the Topsham 
bridge, then a wooden affair above the site 
of the present one, had thrown it over and 
broken it on the rocks below. The anniver- 



228 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



sary of this memorable evient was for many 
years after celebrated by a bonfire on the 
campus. 

In 183- the faculty issued a decree that 
no bonfire should be lighted that year, and 
that the custom must be abolished. This 
was known about town, and there was much 
curiosity to see what effect it would have on 
the students. In spite of the decree the 
boys obtained a tar barrel and firmly lashed 
it on the top of one of the tallest pines, in 
readiness for the appointed night. Fast-day 
was near at hand, and on the night before 
there was held one of a series of protracted 
meetings at the "church on the hill." In 
spite of this fact one of the leading professors, 
whose duty ought, perhaps, to have been 
within the church walls, was out on watch 
and was quietly walking among the pines. 
Another person was also on watch, and, as 
the professor passed, climbed to the tar 
barrel and, after applying a match to the 
kindlings, was on the ground and out of 
sight before the professor was any the wiser. 
The bright flames rose high above the tree 
tops and, showing plainly over the town, 
told that the students had again cele- 
brated the anniversary, and when, at last, 
the lashings burned off, the flaming barrel 
fell, amid a shower of sparks, ending the 
most successful bonfire since the establish- 
ment of the custom. 



The Keeper's Story. 

0N THE northern shores of Prince Ed- 
ward's Island, about half a league dis- 
tant from St. Peter's Bay, is a ragged cape, 
extending its arm into the sea, and then 
turning abruptly, forming a hook-shaped 
prominence, upon which is situated the deep- 
toned bell of St. Andrews. About a rod 
from this bell, surrounded by a scanty 
growth of firs, is a little grave and its half 
leaning stone, now overgrown with moss 
and wandering ivy, with the rudely chiseled 
epitaph, "Nancy." So desolate and drear 



did this little grave appear to me that I 
ventured to ask the keeper of the bell what 
sad history might this Nancy have had to 
have wished so secluded a resting place. 

The kindly old man, inviting me into his 
humble cottage and urging upon me a seat, 
related the following short but touching tale: 

Many years ago, before the coming of 
the lobster and blue-fish factories, there lived 
in this little hamlet a man with three child- 
ren, two boys and a daughter, Nancy, a 
bright-eyed little girl of twelve summers. 
The mother had died at the birth of her 
daughter. But Nancy's life had been full of 
happiness until her father and brothers were 
forced to go to the Banks to procure food 
and sustenance. 

Nancy believed , this summer to be the 
longest of her whole life, and waited anx- 
iously for the fall which would bring with it 
the return of those dearest to her. The day 
on which she expected her father's little 
schooner dawned bright and clear, but soon 
clouding up gave evidence of a coming 
storm. As the day progressed the wind 
arose, lashing into white-caps the big waves 
rolling over the bar. Many times Nancy 
looked out over the dark and angry waters 
for the hoped-for sail. But night came on, 
bringing nothing but an increase of the 
mournful and foreboding wind. 

As Nancy was sitting lonely by her fire- 
side, suddenly a thought came into her mind 
that perhaps her father was, even now, off the 
shore but unable to enter the harbor because 
there were no lights to guide him. Why, then, 
could she not make a big fire at the end of 
the cape, which he could easily see and 
steer by? 

Instantly seizing her shawl and hat, she 
ran to the highest point on the cape, and, 
with the fuel which was kept in a little shed 
near by, soon kindled a brisk fire. Here, 
through the whole of that dark, cold night, 
the brave little girl stayed guarding the fire 
continually, until gray dawn began to ap- 



I 



BOWDOIN ORIENT, 



229 



proacb, when, utterly exhausted, she fell near 
the d3ang embers of the fire. 

But her labors were well spent, for her 
father, far out at sea, driven along before the 
gale, had quite given up hope of ever reach- 
ing the shore, when he saw over the water 
the faint light of the fire, and putting about 
cautiously steered for it. The beacon aided 
him to clear the bar, and in another half- 
hour the little vessel rode safely at anchor. 

The father and sons could hardly wait 
for morning before venturing on shore. 
When, however, there was sufficient light, 
they pushed off from the schooner, and, 
quickly rowing to the pier, hastened to the 
cottage. But finding no Nancy there, they 
instinctively hurried to the shed, and there 
by the fire, covered only by her thin shawl, 
was their little girl. They quickly snatched 
up the cold form and carried it to the 
cottage. Hut, alas! Nancy had not the 
strength to sustain her life during the fever 
which followed, and after one short week of 
[>atient suffering, on a bright, warm, autumn 
day the brave little child passed away, and 
was buried as siie had requested " by the 
(ire which saved my dear father and broth- 
ers' lives," where the murmuring of the tides 
and the shrill cries of the sea-birds never 
cease. 



The New England Association of 
Zeta Psi. 

ypHE annual reunion and banquet of the 
■*- New England Alumni Association of 
Zeta Psi was held in Boston at the Parker 
House, February 5th, and proved one of the 
most successful and enjoyable in the history 
of the organization. 

After a reception fi-om four to five p.m. 
the business meeting of the association was 
called to order by its president. Col. Henry 
Walker. After hearing the report of the 
previous meeting the officers for the ensuing 
year were elected, Edgar O. Achqrn, Bow- 
doin, '81, being chosen president, and Hon. 



Marcellus Coggan, '72, one of the vice-pres- 
idents. At 6 P.M. the party adjourned to the 
dining room, where a splendid banquet was 
served to the brothers, which was followed by 
speeches and poems intermingled with selec- 
tions by a fine quartette from the Epsilon 
Chapter at Brown. At a late hour, after 
singing the farewell ode, the party broke up 
feeling the bonds of fraternal love renewed 
and strengthened by so successful a reunion. 
There were in all about one hundred 
Zetas present, Bowdoin being represented 
by the following : George L. Chandler, '68 ; 
Hon. Marcellus Coggan, '72 ; Sewall Chand- 
ler, '74 ; George M. Whitaker, '72 ; Dr. A. 
H. Whitmore, '74; Frederick B. Osgood, 
'75 ; Seth L. Larrabee, '75 ; Horace E. Hen- 
derson, '79; Dr. J. W. Achorn, '79; Chas 
Haggerty, '81 ; Edgar O. Achorn, '81 ; W 
K. Hilton, Jr., '84; Elmer E. Rideout, '86 
Dr. C. F. Moulton, '87 ; O. R. Smith, '89 
A. V. Smith, '90; V. V. Thompson, '90; F 
M. Tukey, '91 ; H. R. Smith, '02 ; and W. P 
Chambei'lain, '93. 



Recognition for University Exten- 
sion Students. 

117HE American Society for the Extension 
■*■ of University Teaching has prepared a 
series of certificates, by which to express its 
recognition of the work done by the students 
in its courses. Six departments of study 
have been organized, and the certificates are 
of five grades. 

1. The Record-Book Certificate attests 
the fact that the holder has attended an 
Extension course of six lectures, has been 
present in the classes, and passed the final 
examination. It is to be signed by the 
lecturer, and, if desired, recorded in the 
Society's register. 

2. The Primary or Unit Certificate rep- 
resents twelve lectures, since it is expected 
that the Unit Course will soon be one of 
twelve lectures rather than of six as at pres- 
ent. The Primary Certificate will be the 



230 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



first engraved certificate, and will be ob- 
tained after due examination, conditioned 
on attendance upon the required lectures. 

3. The Subject Certificate is given upon 
the satisfactory completion of two courses 
of twelve lectures each, both courses being 
upon the same general subject; that is, the 
same department of study. 

4. The Group Certificate corresponds 
generally to the work of a college year. The 
college curriculum requires the student to 
take up four distinct subjects each year, and 
to pursue them until he has gained a real 
insight into the nature of each one. The 
requirements of a Group Certificate are sim- 
ilar. It is given to a student who has gained 
four Subject Certificates — no two in the same 
department — and who has also passed a 
special examination held by the Society, and 
covering certain additional collateral reading, 
as well as the work done for the lecturer. 

.5. The Diploma. This is granted to any 
one who has gained three Group Certificates. 

It is not necessary that all the study 
requisite to secure a certificate or diploma 
should be done at the same place. One 
lecture course may be taken at one center, 
and another at anothei', perhaps in a different 
town or city. It is believed that the leading 
colleges and universities will recognize the 
educational importance of the Group Certifi- 
cate and Diploma, by extending to their 
holders certain privileges in the way of study 
and recognition. 



In Memoriam. 

Hall of Kappa — Psi Upsilon Fraternity, 
January 30, 1892. 

Whereas, In accordance with His wisdom the all- 
merciful Father has removed from our midst our 
dear and respected brother Rowland Bailey Howard, 
of the class of 1856 ; 

Resolved, That while bowing to the divine decree, 
we express our sorrow at the loss of one so eminently 



useful, and extend our heartfelt sympathy to his 
bereaved family ; 

Resolved, That these resolutions be placed among 
the records of the chapter, and be published in the 
BowDOiN Orient. 

Leon M. Fobes, 
Harry C. Fabyan, 
Harry A. Andrews, 

Committee for the Kappa. 



Hard Luck. 

He was a Senior learned. 
An athlete, too, he said ; 
She was a summer maiden 
Whom chance to him had led. 
They had talked and walked together, 
And had driven, rowed, and danced. 
While he wished to pop the question 
At which many a man has blanched. 
Stopping loath. 

In the hammock they were sitting 
On the last night of vacation, 
When her hand touched his, and quickly 
He was filled with strange elation. 
" Will you be my own, my darling?" 
Thus at last the words he spoke, 
But the sounds had scarce been uttered 
When the hammock fastening — broke, 
Dropping both ! 



To an Ambitious Dullard. 

If you are lazy, dull, and mean. 
And every thought is trivial ; 

If all your predilections lean 
Towards a life convivial ; 

There is an easy, pleasant plan 

For shirking all utility, 
And gaining honor as a man 

Of wonderful ability. 

If you my proposition scout, 

As utter incongruity, — 
('• Good estimation for a lout 

Of absolute fatuity?") 

The simpler explanation note 

Of paradox so puzzling ; 
'Tis only this ; Yourself devote 

To alcoholic guzzling. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



231 



Keep in a constant state of soak, 

With fits of sheer dead-drunkenness. 
Your course will soon remarks provoke 
About your prospects' shrunkenness ; 

And folks will say, " Oh, deary me ! 

How perfectly deplorable 
This very shocking wreck to see 

Of talents so adorable ! 

"Each blessed night he spends in drink. 
And makes a horrid din till late ; 

But, if he'd sign the pledge, I think 
You'd see his genius scintillate. 

"These other men are very well, 
They're sober, quiet, dutiful ; 
And then, besides, the truth to tell, 
Their coffers are of booty full. 

"But sober him, and not a man. 

In other or in this city. 
Could equal him ; he'd pass the van 

Like streak of electricity." 

And so I say again ('tis true. 

Although it seems satirical) 
Become a sot ! 'Twill publish you 

A downright, brainy miracle ! " 



The First Assembly. 

(8 o'clock.) 
The time has come ; I must go forth. 

In spite of feeling " trembly," 
And stumble thro' the mazes 

Of my very first assembly. 

(8.."0 O'CLOCK.) 
I've got a dance with lots of girls, 

But think I made a blunder 
Because I didn't think to place 

My name those dances under. 

(8.35 O'CLOCK.) 
What are those people staring at? 

What makes them look at me so? 
Oh! How I wish I didn't bob. 

And didn't bump her knees so ! 

(11 O'CLOCK.) 

I'm glad I made that blunder, for 
I found one dance a plenty ; 

And I've made but one enemy 

Where I might have made twenty. 







Professor Chapman, is de- 
ivering a course of lectures 
at Rockland. 
P. C. Newbegin, '91, was a recent 
visitor to his Alma Mater. 

Noyes, '91, of Andover Theological 
Seminary, visited the college last week. 

Carroll, '89, visited the college last Sunday. 

Ledyard, ex-'9o, recently visited the college. 

Professor Wells preached at Auburn last Sunday. 

Croswell, '91, made a visit to the college recently. 

Professor Wells preached at the Unitarian church 
Sunday, January 24th. 

President Hyde occupied the pulpit of the college 
church Sunday, January 24th. 

Lazell, '92, rendered a verj' pleasing solo at the 
Sunday chapel exercises January 24th. 

It is said that there are thieves in our midst, and 
that private detectives are on their path. 

Shay, '93, has resumed his studies at college after 
a very successful term of school at Harpswell. 

The class squad leaders elected this year are : 
Juniors, Bucknam ; Sophomores, Ross ; Freshmen, 
Foster. 

Professor Lawton gave a parlor reading at the 
Episcopal rectory last Tuesday evening. His subject 
was "The Homeric Girl." 

It now looks as if Bowdoin, Colb}', and Bates 
will be the contestants for the Maine college base- 
ball championship next s^Dring. 

One of the college enthusiasts in photography is 
Payson, '93. He has recently made a number of 
lantern slides, which are remarkably fine specimens. 

The atmosphere of number 9 Maine Hall seems to 
be remarkably well suited to the raising of whiskers, 
from the luxuriant growths which adorn the faces of 
its inmates. 

Dr. Whittier's services as instructor in school 
gymnastics are in constant demand. In addition to 
the Portland schools h 
instruction at Deering. 



232 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Mr. A. W. Tolman went to Fryeburg last Thurs- 
day, where he delivered a lecture in the Fryeburg 
Academy Course upon the subject, " Russia and 
England in Central Asia." 

The course of assemblies whicli Goodell, Jones, 
and Bucknam have arranged are proving very pop- 
ular. At the first one, held January 16th, about 
seventeen couples participated. 

Professor Lee has been upon quite an extended 
lecture tour recently, his route including Houlton, 
Woodstock, St. Stephens, and Ellsworth. Tutor 
Hunt accompanied him to the latter place. 

Professor A. S. Packard's recent book on the 
Labrador coast contains an appendix which will be 
very interesting to Bowdoin men. It is devoted en- 
tirely to the college expedition of last summer, and 
gives a full account of the voyage and researches. 

Thursday, January 28th, was observed as the day 
of prayer for colleges. Rev. A. W. Anthony, of the 
Cobb Divinity School, was to have delivered the 
sermon at the college church but was unable to be 
present, and Rev. Mr. Dunnells, of Bath, occupied 
the pulpit. 

Hutchinson, '93, has been elected captain of the 
base-ball team, and has begun his duties by putting 
the men through a course of hard training. Manager 
Merriman has been in correspondence with Oliver 
Burns, the well-known Portland player, and he will 
probably be engaged to coach the team next spring. 

The Base-Ball Association has elected the follow- 
ing oiHcers : President, T. S. Lazelle, '92; Vice- 
President, A. R. Jenks, '93 ; Secretary and Treas- 
urer, E.M.Simpson. '94; Directors, J. D. Merriman, 
'92, M. S. Clifford, '93, C. C. Bueknara, '93, F. W. 
Dana, '94, E. H. Sykes, '94 ; Scorer, M. S. Clifford. 

The subjects for the themes due February 3d are 
as follows: Juniors. — The Lottery Fight in Louisi- 
ana; What is Bowdoin's Most Urgent Need? Dis- 
cuss One of Emerson's Essays. Sophomores. — The 
Famine in Russia; Should a Modern Language be 
Substituted for Greek in Our Requirements for ad- 
mission? Coleridge's "Ancient Mariner." 

The Juniors have elected the following class 
officers : President, C. C. Bucknam ; Vice-President, 
W. P. Chamberlin ; Secretary and Treasurer, G. S. 
Chapin; Marshal, J. H. Pierce; Chaplain, C. H. 
Howard; Orator, G. W. Shay; Poet, C. W. Pea- 
body ; Odist, M. S. Clifford ; Curator, J. W. Lambert ; 
Committee, S. O. Baldwin, R. R. Goodell, G. S. 
Machan. 

The Athletic Association has elected the follow- 
ing officers: President, R. C. Payson, '93; Vice- 



Presidents, Lucian Stacy, '93, F. G. Farrington, '94; 
Secretary and Treasurer, H. E. Andrews, '94, Di- 
rectors, G. S. Machan, '93, A. J. Lord, '94; C. C. 
Bucknam, '93, H. A. Ross, '94, G. H. D. Foster, '95. 
The report of the directors showed the association 
to be in excellent financial condition. 

The third themes of the term are due on or before 
Wednesday, February 17th. The subjects ai-e as 
follows: Juniors: 1. — In What Way are Trusts a 
Menace to Our Government ? 2. — Value of a Col- 
lege Education to a Newspaper Man ; 3. — The Char- 
acter of Oliver Cromwell. Sophomores: 1. — Maine's 
Ice Industry; 2. — How Can One Train Himself to 
Speak Extemporaneously ? 3. — Scott's "Rob Roy." 

South Appleton has been getting quite a reputa- 
tion lately as a sporting End. There was a time 
when nearly every afternoon witnessed a most bloody 
and thrilling prize tight in some one of the rooms. 
The contestants were the aggregation of candy 
venders and general utility youths who have been so 
numerous since Whisker fell from the path of 
honesty and retired from active college work. 

Hinkley, '94, met with quite a serious accident 
while training with the base-ball squad in the " gym " 
recently. When batting he attempted to dodge a swift 
in shoot, but was unable to escape, the ball striking 
him fairly on the temple, rendering him unconscious. 
He was seized with convulsions, but soon recovered 
sufficiently to be able to be removed to his room. 
He is now at his home in Portland and is rapidly 
convalescing. 

There is some doubt as to Bowdoin having an 
eight-oared crew next spring. The Boating Associa- 
tion at a meeting recently voted to cast its influence 
for the class crews, the lack of material and the 
great expense of an eight being brought forward as 
a reason for not supporting one this season. The 
squad which is training daily in the gymnasium 
under Poor, '92, seems to contain plenty of material 
for an eight of considerable strength. 

Bowdoin's gifts seem to be coming thick and fast. 
Recently a letter was received by the treasurer, 
containing a check for $1,100 as a donation to the 
college. The gift comes from the heirs of Richard 
W. Shapleigh, of Brookline, Mass., who died intes- 
tate. They, believing that if a will had been made 
bequests would have been made to certain institu- 
tions, are disposing of parts of the estate as they 
suppose its former owner designed, and thus Bow- 
doin receives a portion of the fund. 

It is generally supposed that when a man has 
reached the sublime height of Senior year in college 
he knows nearly everything that is really worth 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



233 



knowing. Some exceptions are sometimes met with, 
liowever. A few days ago the Senior division in 
Sociology were having a discussion on the subject of 
trees, and incidentally the acorn was mentioned as 
an article of food among the savage races. " Well, 
what kind of trees do acorns grow on any way?" 
asked one of the aforesaid division, and on being 
told that the oak had the proud distinction, felt that 
his college course had not been all in vain. 

The Bovvdoin alumni of New York held their 
annual banquet at the Hoflinan House, Wednesday 
evening, January 6th. Hon. S. J. Young and Pro- 
fessors Lee and Chapman were present. The fol- 
lowing officers were elected: President, B. B. 
Foster, '65: Vice-Presidents, J. L. Chamberlain, '52, 
Wm. A. Abbott, '56, W. J. Curtis, '75, C. A. 
Boardman, '66, G. P. Hawes, '60; Corresponding 
Secretary, Parker P. Simmons, '75; Secretary, Dr. 
F. H. Dillingliam, '77; Executive Committee, A. F- 
Libby, Charles L. Clark, Dr. F. W. Ring, George E. 
Moulton, F. R. Upton, E. H. Cooke, and B. A. 
Easton. 

On Friday evening, January 15th, the Bowdoin 
Alumni Association of Oxford County and vicinity 
was organized at Norway. The officers are as 
follows: President, S. S. Stearns; Secretary and 
Treasurer, J. A. Roberts; Executive Committee, F. 
V. Norcross, A. E. Herriok, N. F. Fogg. The 
evening was pleasantly spent in speechmaking. 
The following were present: Rev. F. V. Norcross, 
'65; Dr. C. A. Stevens, '69; Professor F. C. Robin- 
son, '73; A. E. Merrick, Esq., '73; S. S. Stearns, 
Esq., '79; Frank Kimball, '79; J. A. Roberts, Esq., 
'77; F. O. Purington, Esq., '80; J. F. Libby, Esq., 
'82; S. L. Fogg, '89; F. P. Morse, '90; A. E. 
Stearns, '90. The next meeting will be held at 
Bethel. 

Bowdoin College alumni, to the number of 75 or 
more, held their annual reunion at Young's Hotel, 
Boston, Wednesday evening, January 13th. At the 
business meeting these officers were elected : Presi- 
dent, Hon. E. P. Loring, '61; Vice-President, Hon. 
D. C. Linscott, '5-i; Secretary, Arthur T. Parker, 
'76; Assistant Secretary, Edi,win U. Curtis, '82 ; 
Executive Committee, Col. Henry Stone, '52; Pro- 
fessor Frank A. Hill, '62; Professor George L. 
Chandler, '68; Dr. D. 0. S. Lowell, '74; Professor 
W. E. Hatcli, '75; F. V. Wright, ' '76 ; W. W. 
Fowle, '81. Hon. W. W. Rice, of Worcester, president 
of the association, presided at the banquet. He con- 
gratulated President Hyde on his efficient administra- 
tion of college affairs. President Hyde, in responding, 
spoke of the excellent financial standing of the col- 



lege, thanks to the recent bequest of $400,000 from 
Mrs. Garcelon of California. He urged the need of 
a science building and a new dormitory, and spoke 
of the importance of suitably endowing a fitting 
school to the college. Other speakers were Professor 
Chapman, of Bowdoin ; Professor Egbert C. Smyth, 
'48, of Andover Theological Seminary ; J. P. Cilley, 
Jr., '91; Hon. E. P. Loring; Oliver C. Stevens; 
ex-Mayor Coggan, of Maiden, Mass. ; Hon. T. R. 
Simonton. Hon. William L. Putnam was expected 
as a guest, but he was not present. 



'. B.ft. 



The Day of Prayer for colleges is always a good 
time for the student to lay aside college books for a 
short period and think of the significauce of the day 
and in what relation he stands to it. At such a 
time one should inquire whether there is any- 
thing in common between his thoughts and pui-poses 
and the thought and purpose of those who, back in 
1823, conceived the idea of setting apart a day 
in which to pray for college men ? 

The address in the forenoon, by Rev. A. F. Dun- 
nells of Bath, was well suited to turn one's thoughts 
in the right direction. His subject was "Christian 
Life as a Source of Mental Power." 

The Bowdoin men who are in Andover sent down 
one of their number, Mr. Noyes of the class of '91, 
to help in the association meetings. A short prayer- 
meeting was held at 9.46 in the morning. Then in 
the evening the regular meeting was addressed by 
Mr. Noyes. 

An extract from the letter received may be of 
interest: "At the seminary here we will meet for 
prayer in behalf of Bowdoin between 9.00 and 10.00 
o'clock A.M., and Prof. Smith will meet with us. I 
remember how solemnly we observed the day two 
years ago when Godfrey died and we followed the 
remains from the chapel to the station. May God 
bless the Bovvdoin Y. M. C. A. abundantly is the 
prayer of all Bowdoin men." 

The Deputation work has been spoken of before. 
The State Secretary, with Mr. W. B. Tuthill, of 
Colby, had arranged to visit Bowdoin, January 30th 
and 31st, and arrangements had been made that Mr. 
Shelton should address a meeting Saturday evening, 
but on account of sickness he was unable to come. 
However, Mr. Tuthill was here and gave an earnest 
and interesting address on the " Volunteer Missionary 
Movement." A little awakening on the subject of 



234 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



missions was what was needed here, and Mr. Tuthill 
being a volunteer himself is just the one to present 
the matter. Leaving everything else out of consid- 
eration there is something in the idea of the foreign 
mission work that draws more life and energy and 
self-sacrifioe out of a man than anything else, and 
those who have pledged themselves to go, if needed, 
show it. 

Notice has been received from the headquarters 
of the International Committee that the customary 
New England Convention will not be held this year 
in order that the colleges may concentrate all their 
powers on sending large delegations to Northfield 
next July. Without doubt Northfield is one of the 
best places for getting inspiration and enthusiasm 
for Christian work that can be found. Last year 
Bowdoin was represented by three men. This year 
we ought to send twice as many. Surely, unless it is 
an absolute impossibility, any one ought to jump at 
the opportunity of going. Is there any reason wliy 
we cannot send a large delegation ? 




'25.— On the floor of 
the Senate, Washington, 
I January 13th, was a sprightly old 
gentleman, short in stature and with 
bushy gray hair, who was holding a sort of 
reception among the members. He was 
Hon. James W. Bradbury, of Maine, who was a 
member of the Senate in 1847-53. Senator Cockrell, 
of Missouri, introduced him to many of the Demo- 
cratic senators, and afterwards Mr. Morrill, the 
father of the Senate, came across the chamber, and 
he and Mr. Bradbury had quite a long chat. Hon. 
Mr. Bradbury is well known here, an honored 
graduate of Bowdoin, 1825. — Brunswick Telegraph. 
'36. — Rev. David B. Sewall has been obliged, on 
account of sickness, to discontinue for a short time 
his preaching services at the Congregational church 
at Acton, N. H. 

'55 and '53. — An incident of the Hon. W. L. Put- 
nam's college life at Bowdoin illustrates the peculiari- 
ties of the student code of honor. He was a member 
of a society that held its meetings in a stray building 
reached by passing through sundry back lanes and 



over cross lots and fences ; all the furnishings of the 
place had been stolen, the lamp having been taken 
from a church. Despite this fact, when one of the 
members was subject to the suspicion of having 
stolen a book from a fellow-student, he was tried by 
the society and '-convicted and evicted," young Put- 
nam having been chosen to conduct the case. When 
Putnam's class graduated and the society of grad- 
uates, which selects for membership only the best 
men in each graduating class, held a meeting for the 
purpose of such selection, Putnam, though at the 
head of his class, was black-balled, at the instigation 
of the father of the student whom he had been instru- 
mental in ejecting from the college society, because 
of the stealing of the book. When the result of the 
ballot was made known a little man jumped upon a 
stool, because he was too short to gain attention 
otherwise, and declared that if such injustice was 
done to his friend Putnam, he would be present at 
every meeting of the society and prevent any future 
growth by black-balling every new name that was 
proposed, and he kept his word to such good purpose 
that finally Mr. Putnam was elected a member. The 
little man afterward became Chief Justice Fuller. 

— Leiviston Journal. 
'55. — The Providence Bar Club observed its tenth 
anniversary at the Narragansett Hotel in that city, Sat- 
urday evening, January 30th, by tendering a com- 
plimentary dinner to honorable William L. Putnam. 
As Rhode Island is included in the judicial district 
assigned him, this dinner was in the nature of a wel- 
come on the part of the local bar. The affair proved 
to be one of the pleasantest and jolliest in the history 
of the organization. Forty-two gentlemen sat down 
to the tables. President Nicholas Van Slyck pre- 
sided, and opened the post-prandial exercises with a 
cordial welcome to their guest of the evening, 
promising the hearty support of the Rhode Island 
bar. Judge Putnam's response made a most pleasing 
impression. His remarks were entirely informal 
"for," said he, "my appointment not having been 
confirmed as yet, I am a sort of a nondescript, being 
neither a judge nor a practicing attorney, and for 
that reason I shall speak in an informal way." He 
continued in a speech brimming with good-natured 
observations upon the new position he had been 
called upon to occupy, and sat down amid much ap- 
plause. Hon. George M. Carpenter, Judge of the 
United States Circuit Court, followed with an ex- 
tended and comprehensive address, reviewing the 
history of the club, and making some valuable sug- 
gestions as to the future. The next and last speaker 
was ex-Chief Justice Durfee. His address was in 
quite a poetic vein. — Portland Press. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



235 



'56. — It is our sad duty this week to chronicle the 
death of one of Bowdoin's most widely known and 
universally beloved graduates, Rev. Rowland B. 
Howard, who died in Rome, January 2oth. Mr. 
Howard was born in Leeds, Me., October 17, 1834, 
and graduated from Bovvdoin in 1856. The first year 
after graduation he studied law in Albany, N. Y. 
However, he gave up that profession and decided to 
enter the ministry, and entered the Bangor Theolog- 
ical Seminary, from which institution he graduated 
in 1860. Since leaving Bangor he has occupied 
the Congregational pulpits in Farmington, Me., ten 
years; Princeton, 111., five years ; East Orange, N.J. , 
four years; Rockport, Mass., six years, besides 
supplying the pulpit at Harpswell, Me., a short time. 
In 187.5 he became associate editor of the Advance, 
which position he held until l.'^82. In 1884 he was 
elected secretary of the American Peace Society, 
which position also required of him the editorship of 
the Advocalc of Peacr. The CongrcfiationaUst says 
of him: "Last fall he left this country to visit the 
Universal Peace Congress, which was held in Rome, 
November 9-l(i. There he labored strenuously, pro- 
moting the success of that remarkable gathering. 
After its adjournment he was compelled to take to 
his bed. Far away from home he was blessed in 
having the care and love of American Christians, 
among others Dr. W. A. Duncan of the S. S. and 
Publishing Society, who fortunately chanced to be in 
the city." 

The, Christian Mirror says: "The tidings of the 
death of our friend and brother on Monday last, 
which was received by cablegram on Tuesday, will 
carry unfeigned sorrow to many hearts. As a native 
of Maine he was well known and greatly esteemed 
in our State as a Congregational pastor, having 
served in that capacity in Harpswell and Farmington, 
and also having preached in many of the pulpits in 
the State before entering upon a wider sphere." ■ Also 
in speaking of his work in Rome in the fall the same 
paper says : "During the entire session he devoted 
his whole energy to making the Congress a success, 
speaking several times, and laboring in other ways 
for its welfare." .... Mr. Howard leaves a 
widow and five children, who, amid their grief, have 
the comfort of knowing that he was tenderly cared 
for by American friends. The cause of Christ has 
lost a valiant worker and faitliful servant." 

'61. — Professor W. A. Packard, of Princeton 
College, has been taking a vacation on account of 
ill health, and has been visiting relatives in Bath, 
lie spent the day in Brunswick among old acquaint- 
ances a short time ago. 

'61. — It is gratifying to the college to see her 



graduates honored among men, and it is especially 
gratifying to see them highly honored, both at home 
and abroad. The latest instance which has come to 
our notice is the election of Prof. A. S. Packard, of 
Brown University, a member of the Imperial Society 
of Natural History and Anthropology at Moscow. 
The Brunonian says, "His Russian diploma is a 
curiosity." 

'77. — Professor Allen E. Rogers, of the Maine 
State College, was in town a few days ago. During 
the past winter Professor Rogers has been lecturing 
throughout the State on various subjects and putting 
in excellent service for his college at the same time. 
The alumni of the college have abundant faith in 
Professor Rogers, and feel that his counsels will do 
much toward checking the falling off of attendance 
at that institution. 

'83. — News has recently been received at Augusta 
of tlie death of Mr. Howard R. Goodwin at Santa 
Barbara, Cal. Mr. Goodwin was born in Augusta 
in November, 1863. He fitted for college at Phillips 
Exeter Academy and was graduated from Bowdoin 
in 1883, less than twenty years of age, with an envi- 
able record for thorough scholauihip. After gradu- 
ation he spent about a year in foreign travel. Then 
returning to his home in Augusta he entered on the 
study of law in the office of Baker, Baker & Cornish, 
of that city, also taking a course in the Harvard Law 
School, from which institution he w.as graduated in 

1886. He was admitted to the Maine Bar in October, 

1887, and at once removed to Tacoma, Washington, 
where he entered upon the practice of law. In No- 
vember, 1888, he married Miss EttaRamsdell, of that 
town, the daughter of Mr. H. M. Ramsdell, Blaine's 
biographer. His wife and one child survive him to 
mourn his loss. 

'84. — Joseph Torrey, Jr., formerly Professor of 
Chemistry at Iowa College, Grinnell, Iowa, has been 
recently appointed instructor of Chemistry at Harvard 
University. 

'86. — C. VV. Tuttle is setting out a large fruit 
orchard of over fifty acres in California. 

Medical, '86.— Dr. W. L. Dana, Maine Medical 
School, '86, has been elected demon.strator in that 
institution, to succeed Dr. A. S. Thayer, '86. 

'89. — W. S. Elden, of Johns Hopkins University, 
has recently been awarded, by that institution, the 
prize of $200 for scholarship in Latin. 

'91. — P. C. Newbegin and H. H. Noyes visited 
the college recently. Mr. Newbegin is pursuing a 
course of study at Massachusetts Institute of Tech- 
nology, and Mr. Noyes is at the Andover Theological 
Seminary. 

Ex-'91. — F. E. Bragdon, who left here at the end 



236 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



of his Sophomore yeai', graduated at Wesleyan last 
June, and spent his summer vacation at his home in 
Kennebunk. He is now principal of the Cutler 
(Me.) High School. 




Prob. Phil. 

A miss is as good as a mile; 
A kiss twice as good as a smile. 

Not to miss any kiss, 

But to kiss every miss, 
Will turn miles 

luto smiles. 
And smiles into kisses 

■ From misses. 
For the maiden who'll smile 
Is a miss worth the while 
Of your walking a mile. 

But the damsel you kiss 

Is worth two of the miss 
Who's only as good as a mile. 

— Trinity Tablet. 

How can one best make a part of himself, that 
which he learns and hears during his college 
course ? Not by mere memorizing, grinding it .into 
the tissues of his brain — no, then it is only in him, 
not a part of him. The constant entrance into one's 
mind of new thoughts is apt to produce vagueness. 
One about half thinks them out, or else they soon 
fade and disappear, pressed out by new ideas coming 
in. True, it is hard to sit down and think them out 
for one's self, and thus tix them firmly in the mind. 
But it is much easier to put them on paper, and in 
doing this he shapes them in his own thought, making 
them a part of himself; so all writing aids in an 
especial way the assimilation of new ideas. But 
even if we do this we only see our own one-sided 
view of the question. Dialectics, conversation, 
arguing — not for its sake alone, but for the getting at 
the truth, — is the best way by which we can make 
our own the various new thoughts which every day 
of study brings to us. A lesson talked over is a 
lesson doubly learned. You are far more the master 



of the question which you have turned over and 
examined with some of your fellows. This is the 
way to make our minds a well-ordered system and 
not a "blooming, buzzing confusion." Milton has 
truly said : "Where there is much desire to learn, 
there of necessity will be much arguing, much 
writing, many opinions." 

OuK Torn. 

To his she lifts up her great eager eyes, 
As he, dear little chappie, sweetly tries 
To soften tlie great blow, as he denies 

Her heart's wild plea; " I canuot, howe'er, sue you; " 
Then, as she doth up from her knees arise: 
"Your friendship, though. Miss Bloomer, I much prize, 
I never can be yours by nearer ties. 

But I will truly he a brother to you! " 

— Red and Blue. 

A short story in the last Hai'per^s, "Fin de Siecle," 
emphasizes very cleverly the prevalence of slang, as 
well as bringing out some of the other peculiar char- 
acteristics of our age. I remember hearing an evan- 
gelist last summer. He had wonderfully affected his 
audience. The house was perfectly still. He seemed 
to have reached and touched the hearts of his hearers ; 
but when he ended one of his most convincing argu- 
ments with these words, " You can hang your hat on 
that peg and look at it for a while," somehow the 
solemnity was gone. Or as I heard another minister 
recently say, "And the Lord said to Lot, ' Get thee up 
out of the city,' and Lot skipped." Slang is verily^-so 
expressive ; but yet there is an appropriateness in its 
use, and there are times when it sounds decidedly out 
of place. 

Stuck on Each Other. 

The scene was in a billiard room. 

And I was there to view it. 
The halls rolled close together and^ 

" They kissed, I saw them do it." 

— Bnmonian. 

Baptist educational institutions are the most heav- 
ily endowed of any religious denomination, having 
about $12,000,000 in colleges and universities. 

OUR / ^^ "^^^^ Society Badge will be 
I Mailed to You through your 

HtW j Chapter upon Application. 



PRICE 
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Manufacturers of Finest Plain and Jeweled!Society Badges. 
DETROIT, MICH. 



Wright, Kay & Co. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Vol. XXI. BRUNSWICK, MAINE, FEBRUARY 17, 1892. No. 14. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 

PUBLISHED EVERY ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY DURING 
THE COLLEGIATE YEAR BY THE STUDENTS OF 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE. 



EDITORIAL BOARD. 

E. A. PuGSLEY, '92, Managing Editor. 

J. C. Hull, '92, Assistant Managing Editor. 

H. C. Faeyan, '9.S, Business Manager. 

P. V. Summer, '92. M. S. Clifford, '93. 

J. B. F. Hodgdon, '92. C. W. Peabody, '93. 

H. W. Kimball, '92. H. E. Andrews, '94. 

F. W. Pickabd, '94. 



TBRJS^S : 




Per annum, in advance. 


. $2.00 


Single Copies, 


15 Cents 



Extra copies can be obtained at the boolvstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Editor. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Editor. Com- 
nunncations in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing: Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni arc inTited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Rhyme and Reason Dep.irtment should be 
sent to Box 951, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal notes should be sent to Box 950, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post-OCBce at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 

CONTENTS. 

Vol. XXI., No. 14.— February 17, 1892. 

Editorial Notes, ' . . . . 237 

Miscellaneous : 

Why Not Our Own ? 241 

How One Misfortune Prevented Another, . . . 241 
Are Our Naturalization Laws SufiSciently 

Stringent? . 244 

A Tribute 245 

Rhyme and Reason : 

A Toast-Love 243 

Inconsistency, 246 

Mystic Figure, 246 

Collegii Tabula 246 

Personal, 248 

College World, 249 




The question of the abolition of the 
Senior vacation, which lias recently been up 
for consideration, has been acted upon by the 
Faculty and the Seniors. It has been settled 
that the present Senior class shall have it 
but that it shall be abolished thereafter, the 
Seniois thenceforth finishing their work only 
with the end of the sprinp; term. It was 
desired that the change might be made at 
the present time, and there were some good 
reasons for it, without a question. There 
were also some good I'casons against it, so 
many thought, though they were not at all 
radical in so thinking. There is probably 
no one in the present Senior class who would 
have been against the change if it had been 
proposed a little earlier. It is the opinion 
of the class that the change is a wise one 
and in the interest of the college. 

It is pleasant to note the fact that there 
was such a degree of harmony in adjusting 
the matter. Here is an old custom going, 
and hardly a man in college saying that it is 
against his wishes that it should go. When 
things are settled as this matter has been 
settled, it shows that the student and pro- 
fessor are at vs'ork along the same line, and 
that their relations are of the best. 

It has been mentioned as an objection to 
the abolition of the vacation that it would 



238 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



do away with the Seniors' Last Chapel, the 
most beautiful and impressive thing of the 
whole college course. There is no reason 
for such being the result. Let the Last 
Chapel take place just as it always has, and 
let it mean just what it always has. Let 
compulsory chapel for Seniors stop then. 
The men, if they stay at college will be very 
likely to attend chapel, just as many who 
now stay at the college through the interval 
attend. There need be no fear that with 
this slight liberty any serious consequences 
will follow. 

The chief reason for abolishing the vaca- 
tion is that the spring term is of little or no 
value to the Senior as matters now stand. 
The term is short any way, and is always 
broken, and the studies that are taken up are 
of such a character that they can be scarcely 
more than looked at in the time which can 
now be secured for them. With additional 
time which the vacation will give for these 
studies — and they are as useful as any that 
are taken, — they can be finished up in a far 
better way than they now are, and one will 
feel that he has not spent his money and his 
time during the last term of his college 
career in vain. 

It has been urged that the vacation should 
be had in order that a man may have time 
to finish up back work and wind up his col- 
lege affairs. This is the strongest argument 
advanced in support of the present condi- 
tion of things, and certainly it has something 
of reason in it. It is true that there are 
men each year who have been' out teaching 
who may need the time for extra work, 
but such ones are few, and can, with a knowl- 
edge of the fact that thei'e is to be no vaca- 
tion, so arrange as to meet the difficulty very 
well. In considering the question, the same 
principle must be applied as is applied in 
government anywhere, namely, the greatest 
good to the greatest number. There is no 
doubt but that there will be found a safe 



way for the teaching student out of the 
difficulty by those in control. Surely no 
man can say that he has not now all the 
privileges he can ask for while making up, 
and that he is not treated fairly by professors 
upon work made up. Every one feels that 
he is treated fairly in such matters, and it is 
this feeling that has facilitated the change. 

Sometimes it is said that the course is 
being made harder each year, and that soon 
one will not be able to survive a four-years' 
course. Such an objection does not apply 
in the case under discussion. There is be 
more time taken for the same extent of work. 
The work will be expected to be better done, 
but not any better than the extra tim^will 
enable it to be accomplished. The work 
will really be made easier by the having of 
more time to digest the subjects taken up. 

We are living in a progressive age, and 
one learns this fact no better anywhere than 
at Bowdoin College. It is the privilege and 
the duty of each man to catch this spirit, 
for it is the spirit that pervades the world 
beyond the college hall into which he is mov- 
ing, and the spirit that will enable him to 
take and hold his position in that world. 



T V7HAT is the use of going into the class 
■*^ drill at the athletic exhibition? says 
some one. Our class cannot win, and it will 
be a disgrace to lose. Well, what is the use 
of doing anything, anyway. What is the 
use of being in college, of having a college, 
or of existing at all. Why not give up the 
ghost and find a place in Hades immediately. 
Now for any class to hesitate about contest- 
ing for the class prize, and thus doing its 
share to make the exhibition a success is to 
throw the wetest kind of a blanket upon 
the whole affair. It is to smother, in part, 
the widest and best known entertainment 
that the student body gives. 

It will not do for any class to refuse to < 
contest simply because it may feel that it 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



239 



cannot win. Such action will be the turning 
point in the success and reputation of the 
annual exhibition, which is a genuine pleas- 
ure to every one, far and near, to witness, 
and which is widening the influence of the 
college every day. 

If classes begin to give up the drills how 
long will it be before individuals will be 
saying: Well, I am not going to take part 
this year, for there are others that can and 
will surpass all that I can do. The spirit 
that refuses to take hold of anything because 
one cannot be first in it, is not the spirit 
that has built up our splendid indoor ath- 
letics, or, in fact, done anything else. It is 
rather the spirit that takes hold of things 
regardless of criticisms, and does then just as 
well as it can. Such a spirit has hitherto 
prevailed in every class and individual with 
reference to the spring athletic exhibition. 
It must still continue to exist or the standard 
will be lowered. 

There are men enough in every class 
from whom to choose a respectable squad, to 
say the least, and this should be done. The 
captains of the classes are doing their best, 
but the members of the classes in some in- 
stances are not giving them their best sup- 
port. This should not be. Do not say class 
drills are an old story ; I was in it last year ; 
I will give m}^ place to some one else this 
year; and do not say I have had no expe- 
rience in such matters, therefor I cannot 
go in, but "hear ye the battle cry," and the 
forward call of the captain of your class. 



JUST now, when so many are inquiring 
what profession will jon take, a few 
thoughts occur to us as to the requirements 
in the various professions, and especially do 
these thoughts arise concerning the profes- 
sion of the law. Now what are the chief 
requirements for success in the law? 

It is easy to propound the question, but, 
to the man who has had no experience, there 



is little that suggests itself which he can say 
in answer and, yet, every one who contem- 
plates entering the legal profession should 
ask himself the above question, and seek to 
answer it, and then should compare his find- 
ings with a careful estimate of his own 
abilities. 

Without doubt the first requisite for 
success in law, as in any thing else, is a 
strong liking for the work one must do in 
the profession; for, if one does not have this, 
the unforeseen difficulties will discourage 
him, his efforts will be half-hearted, and he 
will come to rue the day on which he en- 
rolled himself as a disciple of Blackstone. 

Honesty, we believe, should rank as a 
first qualification for the practice of law, as 
with anything else. With honesty, the 
power of doing systematic hard work should 
certainly be coupled. Ability to apply one's 
self is also all-important, for this conduces 
to promptness, and promptness begets confi- 
dence on the part of a client. This ability 
to labor continuously and earnestly is also a 
prime requisite in obtaining a thorough 
knowledge of the fundamental principles of 
law, without which no one can hope to 
succeed in a large degree. 

A man to succeed in law must, further- 
more, have the faculty of drawing work to 
himself. In other words, he must be an 
agreeable man to do business with. Much 
surely depends upon the possession of this 
power. 

Brain power is certainly another exceed- 
ingly important qualification, but work power 
can and certainly does in many instances 
take its place, for first-class brain power is 
not the thing required in a majority of law 
cases. If, however, a man is to stand in the 
front rank of the profession, then brain 
power is of the very first importance. But 
it is not necessary that a man should stand 
in the first rank of the profession in order to 
be successful. 



240 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Without a fair knowledge of human 
nature it certainly seems that a man need 
not think to progress far on the road to 
eminence in the profession, especially in 
some departments of it. A lawyer probably 
has to deal with the shrewd side of human 
nature more than any other character ; and 
unless he understands his client, his witness, 
and his opponent, he will scarcely combine 
the elements of his case in a way which will 
secure a favorable result. 

Oratory seems to be of less importance 
in a lawyer now tlian formerly. Certainly 
no man should enter the profession with 
only the ability to talk. If he has other 
qualifications, this one, of course, then be- 
comes a very serviceable instrument in win- 
ning success, but otherwise it is of little use. 

To sum up, then, it seems that a strong 
liking for the work of the profession, honesty, 
power of application, faculty of drawing 
business to one's self, bjain power, knowl- 
edge of human nature, and an ability to 
speak well are the leading requisites for 
success in the profession of the law. Who 
among us, that are thinking of entering the 
profession, has made the analysis which 
reveals himself to himself in the proper 
liffht. There is room for a discussion of the 
chances and requirements of the various 
professions in the columns of the Orient. 
Contribute your ideas. 



IN THESE days when manifestations of 
patriotism are exciting some attention, 
would it not be a good idea to raise a 
flag above Memorial Hall? The structure 
is one dedicated to the sons of the college 
who served in the army for the preservation 
of the Union, and such an act would there- 
fore be very fitting. Every educational 
institution ought, in company with its teach- 
ings, to stimulate the patriotic sentiments of 
its students. This can be done in no better 
way than by exhibiting the national flag from 



some one of its buildings daily, during the 
school year. This would, of course, require 
a little extra labor, but there is nothing good 
for anything which does not, and the effect 
secured would be of the best. We complain 
of the little respect shown our flag by 
foreigners among us. If we wish them to 
respect it more, we must respect it more 
ourselves. We must put the flag where they 
will often see it and observe our own regard 
and affection for it. Why not have a flag, 
with Generals Howard, and Chamberlain, and 
others of the noted sons of the college here 
to grace the occasion of its raising? Next 
Memorial Day would be an excellent time 
for doing the thing just as it should be done. 
Let us honor the emblem of our unity, secu- 
rity, and prosperity in these days when we 
are being blessed with the royal benefactors 
which the freedom and extended oppor- 
tunities of the nation have produced. 



IT IS certainly pleasing to know that there 
is to be a tug-'o-war contest at the exhi- 
bition this year. At one time, when Colby 
declined the invitation to pull, it looked as 
though the interesting and exciting event 
must be given up. At the present time a 
team from the medical school is in training 
which will make the team from the academ- 
ical department work if they hold their own 
against them. There will be but one of the 
winning team of last year on this year's 
team, hence it will be necessary for much 
tliorough training to be done to secure the 
efliciency of the team of last j'ear. The 
men in training are working faithfully, how- 
ever, and a good contest may be expected. 



TT IS learned that there is to be better aid 
-»' given by the President and Professors to 
those wishing to secure positions to teach 
next year than has ever been given before 
by them. In fact a teachers' agency on a 
small scale is to be run by them. There is no 



I 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



241 



doubt but that the plan will save to members 
of the graduating class round sums of hard 
cash. It is said, however, that it will be 
best to register with some agency iu Boston 
or New York in order that a position may be 
assured, as positions cannot be guaranteed. 
The interest taken in the matter by those 
having it in charge is certainlj^ worthy of 
appreciation. 



i§©eIIar5)eo(:i§. 



Why Not Our Own? 
OS President Hyde said in chapel, it is 
/ -*■ very pleasing and instructive to listen 
to an eulogy on a noble character, and the 
useful lessons which can be drawn from a 
life, by one who has known the man person- 
ally. But more especially do we feel our 
pulses quicken and an added interest when 
we have, in some waj', a common interest 
with the man porti-ayed, no matter how 
slight it imiy be. 

Bowdoin has many useful and trusty sons, 
at wliom she can justly point a finger of 
pride; men who hold the highest positions 
of honor, obtained by their own unceaseless 
energy and by popular consent. Others less 
ambitious than their fellows, and therefore 
less widely known to the world at large, are 
leading lives fully as noble, and are actuated 
by motives and purposes worthy of as great 
admiration, as tliose influencing the career of 
the more popular. Yet their lives are but 
little known outside of the small sphere 
which unconsciously they have built up about 
themselves. 

As one by one these men pass away, all 
that the student of to-day knows about their 
lives is gleaned from a short item in some 
newspaper, which perhaps gives the date of 
the man's birth and death and that he received 
his college education at Bowdoin, and per- 



haps the reporter in a generous mood may 
add that he was an honored and respected 
citizen. And the thought comes, would it 
not be a pleasing and fitting thing, as from 
time to time comes the opportunity, for the 
President to give us a short chapel talk on 
the career of such a man as the late Rev. 
Roland B. Howard, '56. It could not fail of 
being instructive, and it certainly would be 
highly appropriate, that the name of such a 
man should be remembered here at his Alma 
Mater. 



How One Misfortune Prevented 

Another. 

I. 

TITHE waters sparkled merrily in the warm 

■*' sunshine. Along the beach huge breakers 

came rolling in, one over another, for all the 

world like living monsters at play. Even 

the birds, from the great gulls to the little 

sand-peeps, were overflowing with happiness 

as tliey now skimmed over the crests of the 

waves or dashed into the clear blue water 

for some unwary fisli. 

All Bridgedale was in a state of bustle 
and excitement, for the pretty schooner 
Catharine was to set sail that day on her 
maiden voyage under the command of Carl 
Normand, a stalwart youth of twenty-five 
years. Crowds were gathered on the piers 
to bid a fond farewell to the little vessel and 
her crew. As the schooner, swinging round, 
caught the breeze she gracefullj' tossed her 
head to those on shore and then sped on her 
way, carried along by the brisk northwest 
wind. 

Carl, beginning to realize that at last his 
dreams were fulfilled — for this was his first 
experience as captain, — felt a thrill of joy 
steal over him, and he forgot that he was 
leaving behind his parents, and particularly 
one person, Marion Lodge, to whom not long 
ago he had confessed his love, and who was 



242 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



even now walking slowly along the beach, 
sad because her lover did not come to bid 
her adieu, as he had promised. 

The Catharine continued on her course 
for two days, favored with a fresh breeze, 
and comparatively smooth water. But, on 
the third, the wind, suddenly veering round, 
began to blow in fitful gusts from the south- 
east. The sun sunk that night behind dark 
banks of clouds, which had been rolling up 
during the whole afternoon. Yet the captain 
and his crew feared nothing, for they placed 
perfect confidence in their stout little craft. 
With two men at the wheel she flew over the 
billows like a race-horse, now plunging her 
nose into the seething waters, and again 
scattering the spray on the crest of a wave. 
Gray dawn at length appeared, and with it 
a drizzling rain, made tenfold more disagree- 
able by the sharp-cutting wind. One by one 
came down the great white sails, until the 
little schooner, with closely reefed main- 
sail and jib, could hardly hold up against 
the ever-increasing storm, — a storm which, 
soon changing to a tempest, angrily snatched 
away the remaining sails and compelled 
the helpless craft to turn about and scud 
before the wind at the rate of many knots 
an hoar. 

Great petrels, the hermits of the sea, 
flew past, seeking shelter in the cliffs of the 
far-off shore. Once a huge bark loomed up 
on their right, but again faded away in the 
deep gloom of the coming night, like the 
phantom ship in the " Ancient Mariner." 

Many times the boisterous waves swept 
over the deck, carrying away spars, rigging, 
and, alas ! three