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Published Fortnightly by the Students of 



C. W. PEABODY, '93, Managing Editor. 

H. C. FABYAN, '93, Assistant Managing Editor. 

B. L. BRYANT '95, Business Manager. 

»t o ™ T W r-r.r.T-. .oq \ Peixioptimist, F. W. PICKARD, '94, \ ro n eaU Tabula 

M. S. CLIFFORD, '93, J Colleg % Wo rld. F. J. LIBBY, '94, \^ouegu laouia. 

H. E. ANDREWS, '94, Rhyme and Reason. W. P. CHAMBERLAIN, '93, Athletics. 

R. R. GOODELL, '93, Personals. F. M. SHAW, '93, Miscellany. 

B. L. BRYANT, '95, Book Revieios. 




Index to Volume XXII. 


Editorial Notes C. W. Peabody, Editor. 

1, 17, 3:3, 47, 67, 105, 119, 133, 147, 161, 177, 193, 209, 223, 239, 255, 269. 

H. C. Fabyan, Assistant Editor. 

Pessioptimist M. S. Clifford, Editor. 

152, 168, 184, 199, 214, 230, 249, 262, 276. 

Collegii Tabula F. W. Pickard, F. J. Libby, Editors. 

9, 26, 40, 60, 99, 111, 126, 140, 154, 170, 186, 201, 216, 232, 250, 264, 278. 

Athletics W. P. Chamberlain, Editor. 

11,27,42,62,99, 113. 

Assisted by J. T. Shaw, 128, 141, 172, 188. 

Assisted by J. C. Minot, 156. 

Y. M. C. A C. H. Howard, President T. M. C. A. 

13, 29, 43, 115, 129, 144, 157, 173, 203, 218, 234, 252, 265. 

F. J. Libby, 188. 

Personal B. L. Bryant, Editor. 

13, 30, 43, 64, 101, 116. 

R. R. Goodell, Editor, 130, 144, 158, 173, 189, 204, 218, 235, 252, 266, 280. 

Assisted by J. B. F. Hodgdon and Editors. 

College World M. S. Clifford, Editor. 

15, 32, 46, 66, 117, 131, 145, 159, 174, 190, 206, 221, 236, 253, 267, 282. 

Book Reviews B. L. Bryant, Editor. 

205, 220, 236, 253, 267, 282. 

Assisted by Professor Farnswortb, 236. 

Assisted by J. S. French, 282. 



Addition to the Art Building H. C. Fabyan 165 

Address of the President (Ivy Day) C. C. Bucknam 54 

Allegory, An W. E. Currier 166 

Alumni Dinner 90 

Alumni Meeting — 88 

Athletic Exhibition, The H. C. Fabyan 274 

Baccalaureate Sermon Rev. William DeWitt Hyde, D.D 69 

Best Yet, The A Granddaughter of Bowdoin 274 

Bowdoin Alumni Association of New York ] 99 

Bowdoin Alumni of Oxford County, The 190 

Class Day Exercises ?3 

Class Day Oration J. C. Hull 73 

Class Prophecy T. H. Gately - - -80 

Closing Address H. F. Linscott 83 

Commencement Exercises Compiled by C. W. Peabody 69 

Commencement Exercises 89 

Communication to the Freshman Team A. Quimby I 50 

Dance on the Green 85 

Delta Kappa Epsilon Convention R. R. Goodell 182 

Delta Upsilou H. L. McCaun 138 

Distiller's Daughter, The A. G. Wiley 258 

Extract from a Paper By Llewellyn Deane 244 

Freshman Banquet, The G. H. D. Foster 68 

Fugitive, The A. G. Wiley 226 

Glimpses of Bowdoin's Past E. M. Simpson 151 

Grandson of Bowdoin, A 260 

INDEX .— ( Continued.) 

Half Way There An Alumnus 261 

History of the Class of '92 B. F. Nichols 78 

Hobbyism H. C. Fabyan 125 

How Far Does Rank in College Indicate Ability ?.. .E. M. Simpson 246 

InMemoriam J. M. W. Moody 103 

In Memoriam C. E. Riley -65 

In Memoriam J- A. Waterman 281 

InMemoriam -C 0. Wells 266 

It Meets our Approval ~7o 

Iuterfraternity Whist Tournament, An F. H. Swan 214 

Ivy Day ^0 

Ivy-Day Oration— Dangers of Immigration G. W. Shay 5U 

Jack... A.G.Wiley 211 

Junior Prize Declamation -To 

Landing of the "Pilgrim," The. J. E. Dunning 271 

Like the Street Car An Alumnus 213 

Maine Historical Society 88 

Medical School Graduation 85 

Medical School Oration E. J. McDonough 85 

Meetings of the Boards 88 

Meeting of the N. E. I. P. A C. W. Peabody 49 

Minstrel Show, The F. W. Pickard 48 

My Castle in Spain T. C. Chapman 123 

Old Harvard Rules James McKeen 179 

Only a Slight Break 18 

Opening Address. C. S. Rich 77 

Our Public Schools B. L. Bryant 34 

Peary Expedition, The P. F. Stevens 122 

Phi Beta Kappa -88 

Portland Alumni Meeting 257 

Psi Upsilon Convention ' R. W. Mann 5 

Psi Upsilon Reception, The H. E. Andrews 225 

Psychological Qualities of a Good Speech, The .. Williams Lit 168 

Race for Life, A R- R- Goodell 23 

Response of Class Giant F. M. Shaw 58 

Response of Gymnast W. P. Chamberlain 55 

Response of Obstinate Man B. F. Barker 59 

Response of Phunny Man J. W. Lambert 56 

Response of Popular Man E. H. Carleton 59 

Saved by Old Boreas J- T. Shaw 3 

Searles Scientific Building C. W. Peabody 150 

'Sixty-eight Prize Oration H. F. Linscott 6 

Sketch, A J- E. Dunning 247 

Snow-Shoe Club, A G. T. Ordway 197 

Some Reminiscences of Bowdoin College Life .. .Isaac McLellan, '26 20 

Straits of Magellan (Professor Lee's- Lecture) Washington Star 4 

Strange Sorrow, A A. G. Wiley 243 

Suggestion for Bowdoin Yell C. S. F. Lincoln, '91 257 

Surprise, A G. S. Machan 36 

That Better Bugle E. M. Simpson 257 

Theta Delta Chi Annual Convention F. W. Pickard 183 

Told in the Starboard Watch J. E. Dunning 135 

Tom's Story , J- E. Dunning 227 

To the Yell Correspondent 245 

Traitor to Peacock, A C. W. Peabody 163 

Twenty-Fifth Annual Meeting of the Boston Alumni, Boston Herald 212 

"Up". H. W. Kimball, '92 183 

Visitor "from Century Hence, A T. C. Chapman 108 

Walker Art Building— Laying the Corner-Stoue 98 

Wanderer at Christmas, The J- E. Dunning 195 

Washington Alumni's Annual Dinner L. Deane,. '49 241 

What We Saw in the Mountains A. G. Wiley 27~ 

Word About the Advertising, A C. H. Howard 198 

Yell Still in the Air, The An Alumnus 241 

Yell Question, The An Alumnus 230 

Yell Question, The N. G. Jackson 258 

ZetaPsi Convention W. P. Chamberlain 197 

INDEX .— ( Continued.') 


Afterwards C. W. Peabody , 154 

Ambiguous F. M. Shaw 60 

Andrew Preston Peabody H. H. Pierce 263 

Beside the Summer Sea J. C. Minot 126 

Beyond — H. W. Thayer 250 

Bowdoin Men H. B. Russ 170 

Chapel Bell, The H. B. Russ 186 

Chapel Doves. The J. C. Minot 153 

Class-Day Poem W. B. Kenniston 75 

Class Ode W. 0. Hersey 84 

Common Query, A A. L. Churchill 215 

Could I Not Find Thee There? H. W. Thayer 263 

Daphue Changed into a Laurel R. R. Goodell 9 

Dead Leader, The H. W. Thayer 170 

Death Watch, The J. C. Minot 139 

Desolation J. C. Minot *. 154 

Different H. E. Andrews 277 

Disappointment A. L. Churchill 216 

Do Nothing Rashly M. S. Clifford 250 

Finite Versus Infinite H. H. Pierce 250 

From Our Point of View H. E. Andrews 139 

Historical Perspective H. E. Andrews 277 

In Chicago H. E. Andrews 186 

In the Spring Time H. E. Andrews 125 

Ivy-Day Poem — Columbus at Palos C. W. Peabody 52 

Ivy Ode .M. S. Clifford 60 

John G. Whittier J. C. Minot Ill 

Junior Reviews H. E. Andrews 186 

Legend, A H. E. Andrews 8 

Lines for the 25th Anniversary of the Class of '67. .H. S. Webster, '67 97 

Memories of Summer H. B. Russ ' 263 

Meteoric M.S. Clifford 154 

Mistaken Identity M. S. Clifford 186 

My Banjo H. B. Russ 263 

My Guest H. W. Thayer 232 

Nervous Man's Complaint, The H. E. Andrews 126 

Nightfall H. H. Pierce 216 

No Test for Bravery H. E. Andrews 249 

November Woe, A H. E. Andrews 169 

Ode XX., Book I., Horace H. H. Pierce 277 

Ode XXXVIII., Book I., Horace H. H. Pierce 277 

Old House, The H. H. Pierce 200 

Pace, The H. H. Pierce 250 

Perhaps H. E. Andrews 186 

Reason, The H. E. Andrews 139 

Regrets H. E. Andrews 110 

Resignation H. E. Andrews 110 

Reverie at Night Fall, A H. E. Andrews 25 

River, The H. B. Russ 231 

Sea Shells J. C. Minot 185 

Song of the Sailors, The J. C. Minot 170 

Summer Shower, A H. B. Russ 39 

Tennyson H. E. Andrews 139 

To an Air Castle H. E. Andrews 8 

To a Real Disturber of the Public Peace H. E. Andrews 25 

To Her H. W. Kimball, '92 9 

To-morrow H. W. Thayer 277 

Too Cold a Day - H. E. Andrews 200 

Usual Way, The J. T. Shaw 26 

Verses on the Opening of a New Term H. B. Russ 125 

Vision of Life, A A. G. Wiley 200 

We All Know Her A. L. Churchill 215 

What Puzzled Her A. L. Churchill 216 

When Thou Art Near H. W. Thayer 232 

Whispering Pines, The H. B. Russ 39 

Witnesses J. C. Minot 185 

Woodland Echo, A H. W. Thayer 215 


Vol. XXII. 


No. 1. 





C. W. Peabody, '93, Managing Editor. 

H. C. Pabyan, '93, Assistant Managing Editor. 

R. R. Goodell, '93, Business Manager. 

W. P. Chamberlain, '93. H. E. Andrews, '94. 

M. S. Clifford, '93. F. J. Libby, '94. 

F. M. Shaw, '93. F. W. Pickard, '94. 

B. L. Bryant, '95. 

Per annum, in advance, ..... $2.00. 
Single Copies, 15 Cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Manager. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Manager. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature whicli 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions lor Rhyme and Reason Department should be 
sent to Box 1100, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should be sent to Box 997, Brunswick, Me. . 

Entered at the Post-Officeat BvuDswickas Second-Class Mail Matter. 

Vol. XXII., No. 1.— April 27, 1892. 

Editorial Notes 1 

Saved by Old Boreas 3 

The Straits of Magellan, 4 

Psi Upsilon Convention 5 

The Common School System the Hope of the 

Republic, 6 

Rhyme and Reason : 

A Legend, 8 

To an Air Castle, 8 

To Her, '. 9 

Daphne Changed into a Laurel, 9 

Collegii Tabula, 9 

Athletics, 11 

Y. M. C A 13 

Personal 13 

College World, 15 

The Orient has attained its majority. 
With the issue of this number it enters upon 
its twenty-second year. Hence there devolves 
upon us who have assumed its management 
increased responsibility. Not only should it 
continue to voice the sentiments of the stu- 
dents of Bowdoin College, but it should feel 
that its age entitles it to authority; and as 
year by year it becomes more firmly estab- 
lished as an element of college life, it is more 
and more bound to weigh and deliberate its 

Aside from its editorial columns the scope 
of the Orient's work is threefold. It is the 
organ of the alumni and of the students. 
It should contain everything of interest to 
Bowdoin men, whether of the Corporation, 
the Faculty, the graduates, or the under- 
graduates. Accordingly, as in the past, the 
two news departments, "Personal," de- 
voted to alumni items, and " Collegii Tab- 
ula" for the Faculty and students, will 
be continued, and the columns will be thrown 
open freely to all communications of college 
interest. By diligence and care in issuing 
the paper promptly it cannot fail to be of 
value to all who care for Bowdoin and Bow- 
doin men. 

The third role which the Orient has to 
play is that of a literary periodical. If it had 
at its command the literary ability of the 


students of this college it need not in any 
respect partake of the nature of an amateur 
paper. Since it cannot command, it must 
appeal. If it receives the support due it for 
the sake of the college which it represents, if 
a rivalry in good work can be aroused among 
the students, if every man will do what he 
can, we are confident that a surprise will 
await our readers, and that they will say, not 
"this is good for a college paper," but "this 
is excellent in itself," and watch with interest 
for the succeeding numbers. 

Our intentions are good, as have been 
those of every preceding editorial board. If 
you will help us we believe we can make this 
Oriental year a success. 

TN ORDER to stimulate an interest in writ- 
*■ ing, the Orient offers the following prizes : 

For the best story published in this volume 
of the Orient, Five Dollars. 

For the second best story, Three Dollars. 

For the greatest number of poems pub- 
lished, Five Dollars. 

For the best short poem published, Two 

These prizes are open to all students of 
Bowdoin College except the present Orient 

The judges will be Rev. Dr. Mason, Pro- 
fessor Lawton, and Barrett Potter, Esq. 

The editors reserve the right to decline 
any article which they deem unsuitable for 
publication. They cannot insure the publica- 
tion of any story more than 1,500 words long 
nor of any poem of more than 50 lines. 

Manuscripts are subject to revision by 
the editors before publication, and the judges 
will see the articles only as they appear in 
print, therefore misunderstanding will be 
avoided by careful preparation. 

Every article must be accompanied by 
the name of the author, which, however, will 
not be published. 

Do not put off writing till next winter 
term, or some of the articles will be crowded 

T)Y AN error in the last number, Mr. Bry- 
-*-' ant's name was written H. E. Bryant. 
It is B. L. Bryant, '95, who has charge of the 
Orient's Personal column. If the alumni 
and students will supply him with any facts 
which they may know of in regard to Bow- 
doin graduates, they will oblige not only the 
editors but the readers of the paper. 

TT7HE Y. M. C. A. column will be conducted 
-1 by Mr. C. H. Howard, President of the 
Association, who may thus be considered an 
editor ex officio. 

WE PUBLISH in this issue the complete 
text of the winning part in the '68 
Prize Speaking contest. Mr. Linscott seems 
to have said the right thing in the right way. 
He strikes a chord which interests us all. 

In this connection, is not the '68 speaking 
encroaching a little upon Commencement? 
We must not be understood as adversely 
criticising any of the disquisitions which 
were recently delivered in Memorial Hall 
when we say that they were too long. A cer- 
tain limit of time is set, and yet nearly every 
man seems to feel that if he keeps within 
that limit his chances are lost. He is too 
ambitious. He starts out on too grand a 
scale. The result is that the strain of build- 
ing up and then committing so long an ora- 
tion in the latter part of the hard winter 
term is too severe, and one or two of the 
contestants 'are sure to give it up. Why 
cannot the speaking be limited strictly to a 
short period similar to that usually occupied 
by a declamation ? Then the tax would be laid 
on the man's ingenuity and ability instead of 
his physical strength. It takes just as good 
a man to write a short speech as to write a 


long one, — perhaps a little better. Certainly 
Lincoln's Gettysburg address was as good as 
a ream of Congressional Globes on the silver 

ONDER the supervision of the architect, 
Mr. McKim, the site for the new Art 
Building has been staked out to the south of 
the central path, near Main Street, and facing 
Appleton Hall. 

The building will be the largest on the 
campus, with the exception of the chapel, 
the dimensions being 87x100 feet. We shall 
give a more detailed description in a later 
issue, but the following is in brief the plan 
of the building: It is to be of the Italian 
Renaissance style, brick with trimmings 
of Indiana limestone. The height of the 
building will be 35 feet, and it will be 
surmounted by a low dome similar to 
that of the Parthenon at Rome. This will 
light the central apartment, which is to be 
devoted to sculpture. The two wings will each 
contain a room for paintings. In the bay at 
the rear, towards the street, is to be another 
room, known as the Sophia Walker room. In 
front there will be a portico fronting a 
broad platform, six feet high, to which 
will be an ascent by steps. This will be 
a noticeable feature of the building. It is 
designed after the Villa Medici at Rome. 

WE WERE sorry to learn that the news- 
paper version of Judge Symonds's 
speech, which the Oeient published in the 
last number, contained some inaccuracies. 
The speech as printed was excellent, but it 
would surety have been much better if it had 
been exactly as Judge Symonds delivered it. 

DEWARE of the small boy. Not but what 
-*-' a good many of the small boys who 
haunt the ends are perfectly honest, but the 
unclassified specimen with observing eyes 

and large pockets is likely to prove a delu- 
sion and a snare. Every generation of stu- 
dents has to learn this from experience. 
There is no need of giving the kids a free 
pass to all the rooms in college. Let them 
keep their distance till they are wanted. 

Saved by Old Boreas. 

TITHE evening was fast turning to night, as 
-*- the train, on which I was a passenger, 

pulled into the little station of C , and 

came to a stop. Awaking from a revery and 
realizing that I had reached my journey's 
end, I stepped out upon the platform of the 
station, and giving my baggage checks to an 
eager hackman, sauntered toward the one 
hotel in the little town. 

C is a pleasant little place on the 

west coast of Florida. I had come hither to 
spend the earl}' fall before returning to my 
college. As I walked along the shore of the 
harbor I saw lights beginning to appear in 
the farm-houses on the opposite side of the 
bay, and looking out on the water I dis- 
cerned, out about a mile and a half, a 
long sand-bar, dimly seen in the moonlight. 
Noticing that the tide was out, I thought 
what a pleasant place it would be to row out 
to, and decided to hire a boat for that pur- 
pose in the morning. 

Arriving at the hotel, I ate a hearty sup- 
per, retiring soon after. When I awoke the 
next morning I found the day was cloudless 
and quite warm. Looking out of my window 
I perceived the little sand-island lying tempt- 
ingly near the shore. After eating my break- 
fast I hastened to the beach, and hiring a dory 
rowed quickly toward the island. In a few 
minutes I came abreast of it. It was about 
two hundred feet long, and extended exactly 
north and south. It was also higher at each 
end than at the center, and there were a few 
rocks at the southern extremity. 

Drawing my boat upon the northern end, 


which was nearest, I walked toward the 
rocks, and obtaining as comfortable a seat 
as possible, I was soon watching the light 
clouds fleeting past. Soothed by the soft 
wind I soon fell asleep. 

I was awakened by a dash of water in my 
face. Thinking it must be beginning to rain 
I lazily opened my eyes. But I saw no 
clouds, only blue sky. Again the water 
splashed in my face. This time I leaped to 
my feet and looked around me. I was stand- 
ing on a rock barely ten feet across, and not 
three feet above the level of the sea ! In 
my surprise I stood spell-bound for a moment, 
not realizing my danger. Another wave 
rolling up dashed the spray at my feet. 

Glancing about I saw in what a desperate 
situation I was placed. Oh how deeply I 
regretted my inability to swim, as I saw 
my boat safely resting where I had drawn 
it up, and that the water had now com- 
pletely covered the stretch of sand between 
me and it. A strong wind was blowing 
from the north. Might it not blow the 
boat within my reach when the fast-rising 
tide had set it afloat? Turning towards the 
shore I waved my hat and shouted, trying 
in futile attempt to send my voice a mile 
and a half. Another wave rolls on, covering 
the rock completely. I almost sink in de- 
spair. With the water up to my knees, and 
retaining my hold with difficulty, I see my 
boat afloat and drifting toward me. But 
would it come in time? It is within twenty 
five yards ! That last wave reached to my 
waist almost sweeping me from the rock. 
And now the dory is within fifteen yards, 
twenty feet, ten feet. I see a monstrous 
wave approaching. Which will reach me 

When the boat is within six feet I give a 
desperate leap and catch the gunwale firmly 
with both hands just as the billow sweeps 
over me. I hold on with the strength' of 
despair, and after the wave has passed man- 

age to draw rSyself over the side, falling 
exhausted in the bottom of the boat. After 
lying a few minutes, I recovered my strength 
and, seizing the oars which had luckily re- 
mained in the boat, rowed rapidly toward 
the shore. 

I remained in the hotel the rest of that day, 
and afterward, whenever I wanted to row, I 
always ascertained the condition of the tide. 

The Straits of Magellan. 

Professor Lee's Lecture. 
TITHE Washington Star of April 2d contains 
*■ an interesting account of Professor Lee's 
lecture at the National Museum. The fol- 
lowing is an extract : 

Several hundred people gathered in the lecture 
hall of the National Museum last night to take a 
trip to Terra del Fuego and the Straits of Magellan. 
It was a personally conducted tour by Professor 
Leslie Lee, who, with the aid of a stereopticou, 
some photographic views, and a ready flow of 
descriptive language, transported the audience to 
the Antipodes. It was a delightful trip. There 
was no seasickness, no chill pamperos encountered 
off the coast of Patagonia, and the unpleasant odor 
of seal oil and red clay which Professor Lee said 
attends the person of the Terra del Fuegan was not 
perceptible to any annoying degree. 

Professor Lee was eminently qualified to con- 
duct the tour, as he made it in the Albatross, the 
fish commission's steamer, some time ago. All the 
explanations which he made to an interested and 
appreciative audience last night, therefore, were the 
results of actual experiences. 

Then follows a brief abstract of the lect- 
ure, at the end of which is an interesting 
paragraph which shows the Professor's labors 
for the advancement of civilization : 

Prof. Lee presented several views of the inhabi- 
tants of Terra del Fuego, charming creatures, with 
their thin, attenuated limbs and portly stomachs. 
These beauties allow their hair to grow long and 
hang down straight. Then they plaster it with 
seal oil and red clay, which hardens and makes a 
complete waterproof covering for their heads. The 
natives possess the faculty of imitatiDg a sound, and 
Professor Lee undertook to teach them a song. He 


succeeded so well that when he departed from their 
midst a group stood upon the shore and serenaded 
him with " Father, Dear Father, Come Home With 
Me Now." 

Psi Upsilon Convention. 
TITHE fifty-ninth annual convention of the 
-*■ Psi Upsilon Fraternity was held in New 
York City, April 6th, 7th, and 8th, under the 
auspices of the Lambda Chapter of Columbia 
College, and was largely attended by repre- 
sentatives from the leading universities and 
colleges of the country. The Kappa sent 
R. W. Mann, L. M. Fobes, and H. C. Fabyan. 
On the evening of April 6th a reception was 
tendered the visiting delegates by the Psi 
Upsilon Club of New York, at its Club 
House where about three hundred Psi U 
men were welcomed by the members of 
the club and of the Lambda Chapter. 

Thursdaj' morning at 10 o'clock the 
business meetings of the Fraternity occurred, 
continuing through that day and the day fol- 
lowing, at which petitions for chapters from 
Johns Hopkins University, the Boston Insti- 
tute of Technology, Dickinson College, and 
the new University of Chicago were consid- 
ered and refused. 

In addition to this and other important 
business matters it was decided by the con- 
vention to issue a Fraternity annual and to 
erect in the city of New York a new Club 
House for the use of all resident and visiting 
Psi U men. 

The public literary exercises of the Fra- 
ternity were held Thursday evening, April 
7th, at the new Carnegie Music Hall, before 
a large and brilliant audience well worthy of 
the efforts put forth by the speakers of the 

Shortly before eight o'clock the delegates 
formed in line in order of the foundation of 
their respective chapters, and to the inspiring 
strains of "Tannhauser," from the orches- 
tra, stationed behinds the palms and 
greenery with which the stage was banked, 

proceeded down the aisles to the seats re- 
served for them, headed by the grand mar- 
shal, Mr. Waldron Williams, A, '85. 

Soon after eight o'clock the exercises 
commenced, of which the following is the 

Overture — Tannhauser. — Wagner. 

Grand March — A'ida. — Verdi. 

Prayer. Rev. Morgan Dix, S.T.D., D.C.L. 

Address. Robert Lenox Belknap, A.M. 

Fraternity Song. Glee Club. 

Waltz—" Pazman." — Strauss. 

Poem. ' John Kendrick Bangs, Ph.B. 


" Cavaleria Rusticana." — Mascagni. 

Oration. Rev. Martin R. Vincent, S.T.D. 

Fraternity Song. Glee Club. 

March— "La Reine de Saba."— Gounod. 

The most brilliant affair of the whole 
convention was the banquet, held in the con- 
cert Hall of the Madison Square Garden, on 
the evening of April 8th, at which the praises 
of old Psi U were rehearsed in song and 

At the head of the hall and banked by 
mosses of ferns and lilies, behind which the 
orchestra was concealed, sat the speakers of 
the evening : Dr. William H. Draper, Chan- 
cey M. Depew, F. W. Hinricks, Rev. Charles 
H. Parkhurst, William A. Kingsley, and Dr. 
Williard Parker. 

The speeches of the evening were hailed 
with great enthusiasm and were interspersed 
with the various chapter yells and Fraternity 
songs, all of which added greatly to the 
interest of the scene on the part of the fair 
occupants of the boxes above. After every 
chapter had pledged every other chapter with 
the "garnet and gold" until long into the 
night, the banquet hall gradually became 
deserted, and the festivities of the fifty-ninth 
convention of old Psi Li had come to an end. 

In a German University a student's matricula- 
tion card shields him from arrest, admits him at 
half price to the theatres and takes him free to art 


The Common School System the 
Hope of the Republic. 

By Harry F. Linscott. 
JTj[HE fourth of March, 1797, was a memorable 
A day to our nation, marking, as it did, the close 
of the public life and services of the first great 
character in American history. For, on that day, 
George Washington, after commanding for more 
than twenty years the respect and confidence of 
his fellow-citizens, the admiration of the whole 
civilized world, yielded to other hands the care of 
the nation which had been the foremost object of 
his thought and solicitude, the object to which he 
had devoted his noblest efforts, the consummate 
genius and indomitable energy of his magnificent 

But before he laid aside the robe of state and 
sought rest and relaxation he gave to his people 
a last political will and testament, the priceless 
legacy of wise counsel and advice — his Farewell 
Address. That loving outburst of a noble heart; 
that affectionate exhortation to national unity and 
fraternal good-will has ever been considered as one 
of the grandest achievements of a surpassing 
genius. Within its pages are found declarations of 
policy that are as true to-day as they were a 
ceutury ago. In one statement in particular, 
however, there is embodied a principle which is 
especially applicable to our political and social 
status at the present day. The words of Washing- 
ton are as follows: "Promote, then, as an object 
of primary importance, institutions for the diffusion 
of knowledge. When the structure of a government 
gives greater force to public opinion it is imperative 
that public opinion be enlightened." 

Nearly one hundred years have passed since the 
tears of the American people fell upon the grave 
of the "Father of his Country" as his body was 
lowered into the narrow precincts of its last long 
home beneath the willows of Mt. Vernon. Within 
those hundred years his people have been guided 
by those words and have not failed to recognize the 
supreme importance of education and its intimate 
relation, to their welfare. Public opinion has, 
indeed, been enlightened in this land, and to that 
fact we may ascribe, in large measure, the perpe- 
tuity of our free institutions. As long as the 
sanctity of American citizenship was kept inviolable; 
as long as the homogeneous nature of our people 
was preserved, so long did succeeding generations 

come into the full inheritance of their fathers with 
minds properly trained and filled with an adequate 
conception of their duties and privileges. 

Now, however, a tremendous burden has been cast 
upon our common school system. From two distinct 
sources there has been thrown upon the body-politic 
a mass of adventitious material which must be 
entirely remodeled to fit new conditions and greater 
responsibilities. On the one hand, for more than 
fifty years the nations of the world have been 
allowed, yea, invited, to spew out upon this fair 
land their refuse population, and to taint our society 
with the foul products of centuries of oppression 
and misrule. A ceaseless tide of immigration has 
been setting toward our shores, and a loose system 
of naturalization has supplemented this evil by 
admitting multitudes of aliens to full participation 
in public affairs. 

Thirty years ago the men of the North and the 
South left their occupations in civil life and donned, 
the one the blue, the other the gray, for a death 
struggle such as has seldom been known in history. 
Under the oaks of the North and the cypress of the 
South they bade adieu to home and friends and 
marched away to the conflict that sowed the South- 
land with graves, and brought sorrow to many a 
home from the St. Lawrence to the Gulf. When, 
at last, the men of the Northwest had hewed their 
way along the Mississippi by the sword; when 
Sherman had swept, with irresistible might, through 
the bowels of the Confederacy, and, with Grant, 
had rounded up the hunt in the trenches about 
Petersburg, more than four million human beiugs 
had been admitted to the brotherhood of American 

By thus investing with the full rights of citizens 
so many aliens and emancipated slaves we are 
throwiug a fearful weight into the scale which 
before seemed as heavily loaded as our institutions 
could bear. As a result, in ten thousand homes, 
the children are trained in the language and spirit 
of a European monarchy and then, at a tender age, 
are turned out into the world with no equipment 
for life save a scanty knowledge of the vernacular 
of the streets, ignorant of the history and institutions 
of the laud in which they dwell, and absolutely 
devoid of any conception of the meaning and 
responsibilities of American citizenship. 

There is, moreover, nothing in the history of 
universal suffrage, as vitiated by popular ignorance, 
that can give us confidence in the future of our 
republic. Turn to the vivid delineations upon the 
pages of history and behold the sovereign city of 


antiquity struggling from one tyranny to another, 
through proscriptions, confiscations, and the blood 
of citizens. Mighty Rome never had an intel- 
ligent, much less an educated, populace. The 
magnificent fabric of that empire trembled and fell 
in ruins, overwhelmed by the organized depravity 
and legalized corruption of its institutions, the 
inevitable consequences of a debased citizenship. 

Universal suffrage, in this country, exists inevit- 
ably and immovably. Every man of twenty-one 
years has, and will have, a vote, and, while — to 
their shame — many men of culture remain away 
from the polls, there is not one of the ignorant, 
irresponsible citizens who is not lured, bribed, or 
threatened into casting his vote once or oftener. 
As long as we have a great majority of voters who 
are utterly incapable of exercising the right of 
suffrage, but are mere multipliers of the votes of 
political intriguers and demagogues, a body that 
can be wielded by a single, central, yet ubiquitous 
will, and can incline the balance of power as that 
will may dictate, our republic is in danger, a cloud 
hangs over us, and our only hope is that it may be 
dissipated before it bursts upon the land. 

It is hardly reasonable to expect that all ex- 
traneous affiliations will be banished from aliens of 
the first generation, or that the negroes will lose, at 
once, their igu irant, superstitious character. Adult 
Germans, who settle among us, will, in all proba- 
bility, never be anything but German Americans. 
We must, -however, tender to their children no 
facilities for perpetuating the hybridism. We want 
no mongrels in the second generation. 

Our safety, then, should be sought in the educa- 
tion of the children, and that education must be in 
the public schools and through the agency of the 
English language. No other system can provide 
for the training of the entire body of the fast rising 
generation. No other method can so fuse hetero- 
geneous elements of coudition, sect, nationality, and 
color, that they shall become one people with a 
common interest in the country as their own, and 
in its institutions as their joint trust. There is, in 
a word, but a single instrumentality adequate to 
combine all the good forces of the state into one 
cosmic unit, to compress and crush all chaotic forces, 
and that active principle is embodied in the public 

Educational institutions maintained by charity, 
sectarian schools, and the Parochial system of the 
Catholics suffice, in an eminent degree, to diffuse 
knowledge. Their efficiency, however, is seriously 
impaired by the fact that the scope of their work 

is confined to such narrow limits. On the other 
hand, the common school system is not ordained to 
prepare the individual, primarily, to buy and sell and 
get gain, to appear properly in reputable society, 
to be free from ignorance. The reason for its being 
lies deeper. It is to perpetuate and purify citizen- 

Schools sustained by charity would be spurned 
by those, who most need them, and would deepen 
and indurate caste spirit, create a distinct aris- 
tocracy and makeplebeianism and pauperism hered- 
itary. Sectarian schools leave out of their charge 
the unfortunately growing multitude owned by no 
sect and intensify both religious and political par- 
tisanship by the fuel, with each feeds the other's 

Educational institutions maintained at the public 
expense tend to soften social contrasts, to modify 
sectarian prejudices, and to tone down the bitter- 
ness fostered between those of different nationalities. 
Moreover, this common school education will im- 
plant, in the heterogeneous elements of the rising 
generation a vivid conception of the fact, that they 
are bound together by the tie of brotherhood com- 
mon to all the human family, that they are amenable 
to the laws of society, and above all, that they are 

It is, therefore, imperative that the public char- 
acter, the true Americanizing function of the school 
system be zealously guarded. Let us first elimi- 
nate from the nursery of the nation all distinctions 
and schisms, remove every opportunity for widen- 
ing the divergences now existing, which tend to 
destroy the oneness of the civil life and the 
national consciousness, and finally, bring all 
elements of the rising generation, black and 
white, Protestant and Catholic, native born and 
alien, in touch with one another, on an equal foot- 
ing, in a school, the whole genius of whose disci- 
pline shall be devoted to strengthening civil alle- 
giance and to giving a mighty impulse to the warm 
flow of American patriotism. 

Within the next twelve months the people of 
the United States will fittingly commemorate a 
most important event in their history, and will honor 
the memory of that intrepid sailor, the discoverer of 
American. Then this country will welcome to its 
shores the representatives of every member of the 
brotherhood of nations, and will receive from them 
sincere congratulations for the material prosperity 
of the land. To the thoughtful mind of the patri- 
otic citizen, however, this festal year must appeal 
with a deep meaning and cannot fail to awaken in 


his inmost thoughts a grave apprehension. What 
shall our next centennial be ? Shall our posterity 
have one in any sense worthy of jubilant celebra- 
tion ? This anniversary of the new birth of America 
into the domain of civilization presents no more 
momentous theme. 

The only authoritative exposition of the duty 
of the American people in this exigency is em- 
bodied in those wise words uttered by Washing- 
ton a century ago. Education is the chief defense 
of nations. The common schools are the fathers 
and mothers of the republic that shall be. A 
corps of teachers in every township, a school- 
house at every cross-road are better agents for 
maintaining national honor and security at home 
and abroad, than the fierce hand of war or the 
peaceful ordinances of legislative assemblies. If 
public opinion is not enlightened in this land, the 
inevitable consequences will be a vitiated, debased 
suffrage, religions and sectional enmities, and 
finally revolution, anarchy, ruin. 

On the other hand a common school system free 
from distinctions of color, nationality, and sect will 
ensure to the nation a contented people, devoted to 
the interests of their country and indissolubly 
united in shielding the fair name of American citi- 
zenship from reproach and dishonor. 

Heaven grant that those, who shall, a century 
hence, stand where we do now, may cherish for us, 
as restorers and preservers of this state, such 
honor and gratitude as is now rendered to those 
who laid its foundations a century ago. May com- 
ing generations behold a united, a homogeneous 
nation, forever dedicated to the principle that 
legitimate freedom is the portion of the scholar and 
the mature citizen, the love of liberty and love of 
letters being joint expressions of the results of our 
educational processes, affections joined together^ 
because it is for the good of the individual and of 
that greater, grander personality, the nation. 

" Oh, Jack ! " the maiden eager cried, 

" I'm learning billiard-law, 
For pa has just been teaching me 

The ' follow,' ' English,' ' draw.' " 
" Dost know what ' kissing ' is '? " I asked, 

In accents calm and slow, 
And heard the blushing maid reply, 
" Well — not in billiards, no ! " 

Of the 332 members of the present United States 
House of Representatives, 106 are college graduates. 

I^byme ar?d I^eef§>oi?, 

A Legend. 

Bowdoin Man- 
Invitation — 
" Charmed I'm sure — " 

" In vacation." 
He arrives — 

"How appalling! 
Left behind 

Cards for calling — " 
Only four 

Now remaining. 
Stoic he— 

Not complaining. 
Sallies forth — 

Four calls made, he 
Still must call 

On many a lady. 
Level head — 

Deep reflection — 
Calls again — 

Makes collection — 
Same four cards 

Ke-obtaineth — 
So on till 

No call reruaiueth. 

To an Air Castle. 

Thou child of my own fancy, 
Thou dream of coming days, 
Thou hope-illumined vision, 
That boldest my fond gaze, — 

Why art thou a creation 
Created but to die,— 
A thing to be left lifeless 
By grim Reality? 

Anticipation's kinsman, 
Yet far more frail, and fraught 
With far more desolation 
When thou art come to naught, 

Since I do know thy nature 
Why should I worship thee ? 
Why should I let thee linger 
In willing fantasy ? 


Because of thy rare beauty 
From thy soft, sweet sway ; 
Because I love thy presence 
As flowers love the day ; 

Because thou art so lofty, 
So pure, and so ideal ! 
Alas ! Thou art too lovely ! 
Not so appears the real. 

But I cannot dismiss thee 
So joyous dost thou seem, 
Though thou art so deceitful, 
Thou bright and winning dream ! 

Aye ! Constantly returning 
Art thou and thine to Youth ! 
Thou com'st, and Reason uever 
Stands face to face with Truth. 

To Her. 

Some memories linger with a perfume sweet 

Within my soul, and shed a softened light 

O'er rugged ways, and doubtings put to flight. 

My love, my deepest memory, thee I greet 

For in thee purely earth and heaven meet 

Linked by thy own heart's love ; and sparkling 

Thy sunny nature turns earth's darkest night 
To pulsing life and joy. And so complete 
My pleasure is, when thy blessed memory rests 
In me. Peace to my troubled soul thou art, 
And faith for all that's best in human life. 
High and full aims thou plautest in my breast 
Courage and truth thou settest in my heart, 
Thou bidst me firm-souled face life's murmuring 


Daphne Changed into a Laurel 

Daphne, so the poets say, 
On a lovely summer's day, 
With great Apollo flirted. 
But he like many another swain, 
Thought that flirting was in vain, 
And his true love asserted. 

He hoped she'd be his lawful wife, 
And hand in hand with him through life, 
Would wander through Elysium ; 
But this for Daphne has no charm, 
She, fearing he may do her harm, 
Flies, laughing in derision ! 
But he with wonder in his face, 
Quickly starting on the race, 
Vowed he would overtake her ; 

And if she said she would not spouse, 
The god whose love she had aroused 
He certainly would make her ?' 
Now Daphne hurries o'er the stones, 
(The wonder is she breaks no bones) 
Apollo close beside her ; 
Telling his love with panting breath, 
And saying he should grieve to death, 
If she did not look kinder ! 

But Daphne quickly onward flies, 
The god in vain to catch her tries, 
Until they both grow weary ; 
When just as they have reached a brook, 
And in her face he tries to look 
Calling her his "deary ! " 

She cries aloud, unto the wave, 
" Oh ! Father dear! in pity save, " 
Have mercy I implore thee ; 
For in thee I put my trust, 
For you to save me is but just ! 
Oh ! Save me ! Father, save me ! " 

Then the spirit of the wave, 
One look unto the goddess gave, 
And then her wish was granted ; 
Now leaves and bark her form adorn, 
And by the river side that morn, 
A laurel tree was planted. 

The sale of the Reading- 
Room papers occurred last 
Wednesday afternoon and furnished 
more amusement than cash. The Bos- 
ton Journal, as usual, was the most 
fortunate of the dailies. The Bangor 
papers, from some unaccountable reason, were not 
in it. Judge was the leader among the weeklies. 
Baker, '93, has left college. 
The college quartet will give a concert in Norway 

Flood, '94, who was teaching last term, has 
returned to college. 

Barton, '84, principal of Bridgton Academy, 
spent several days in town last week. 



Hersey, '92, will remain at home a portion of 
the term owing to the serious illness of his father. 

Nichols, '94, who has been teaching during the 
winter at Pembroke, will remain out most of the 
spring term. 

The tennis courts have once more resumed their 
alluring power, and loafing about them is again the 
order of the day. 

The Junior German division is reading Goethe's 
"Hermann and Dorothea": the Sophomores, 
" Hoher als die Kirche." 

Haskell, '94, who left college early in the winter 
term on account of sickness, expects to return next 
fall and go on with his class. 

Lynam, '89, who rowed last year on the Harvard 
'Varsity crew, visited the campus recently. Pen- 
dleton, '90, was also in town last week. 

The wayward mortals who conscientiously cut 
gym. work during the winter term received their 
due reward in the form of conditions in "hygiene.'; 

Stacy, '93, has successfully passed his entrance 
examinations to West Point and enters next June. 
Of seven who took the examinations only two were 

The Freshmen have decided to put a crew on 
the river and have elected B. L. Bryaut manager. 
A committee has also been appointed to negotiate 
for a shell. 

The early spring allowed the delta to be put in 
condition for practice several days earlier than 
usual. It has been well rolled and is already in 
first-class playing condition. 

Having chapel a half hour earlier than last term 
is slowly realized by some. One of the professors 
appeared on the campus with a notice to be posted 
just as the students were issuing from chapel. 

The provisional list of Commencement parts was 
announced as usual at the close of the winter terra. 
Emery, Fobes, Hull, Linscott, R. Bartlett, P. Bart- 
lett, Nichols, Kimball, Pennell, and Wood are the 
fortunate men. 

How about that Junior who in an account of a 
railroad accident written for the Rhetoric class told 
about a conductor's being taken from the river 
three days after the catastrophe with a red-hot stove 
clasped in his arms ? 

One of the Freshmen was desirous of learning 
how long a vacation we should have Fast-Day. 
He evidently was looking back to the not far distant 

day when his teacher in Bath used to give the 
scholars Friday after a holiday Thursday. 

The board of editors for '94's Bugle is made up 
as follows: Andrews, *T; Stevens, e A X; Dana, 
A K E; Libby, A A 4> ; Simpson, z *; Bryant, non- 
society. At their first meeting Andrews was elected 
managing editor, aud Libby, business manager. 

An invitation to the College Athletic Association 
to send representatives to the open field-day of the 
Athletic Club of the Schuylkill Navy was received 
last week. Representatives of nearly all the prom- 
inent eastern colleges will participate in the con- 

It has been officially announced that hencefor- 
ward more attention is to be devoted to the appear- 
ance of the campus. The annual spring cleaning is 
well under way, and several minor improvements 
have been • made in the dormitories in the way of 
new doors, etc. 

Professor Lee's elective course in Botany seems 
to be very popular. Over half of the Sophomore 
class are searching the campus for stray blossoms. 
It is rumored, however, that one of '94's bright and 
shining lights was unable when asked to name any 
plant which bore flowers. 

It is currently reported that a '92 man, a mem- 
ber of last year's 'Varsity crew, discovered lately 
that rowing a single shell is not his forte. His 
involuntary bath, however, resulted in nothing 
worse than a loss of temper. Fortunately for Senior 
pride there were few witnesses to the accident. 

The first Sophomore themes of the term are 
due April 27th. The subjects are : 1, "Bowdoin's 
Past"; 2, "What Kind of Support Does the Col- 
lege Owe its Athletic Teams?"; 3, "Aytoun's 
' Lays of the Scottish Cavaliers.' " The required 
work in Practical Rhetoric takes the place of Junior 
themes this term. 

The Intercollegiate Tennis Tournament will be 
held in Portland, June 7th and following days. 
Each college will be represented by two men in 
singles and two teams in doubles. The college 
tournament will be held about two weeks previous 
and will determine what men will represent Bowdoin 
in the Intercollegiate. Nearly all the courts have 
been put in condition and the players are fast 
getting into form. 

The '68 Prize Speaking came off March 31st of 
last term. The attendance was large and was fully 
justified by the orations that were presented. H. F. 
Linscott won the prize with the subject, "The 



Common School System the Hope of the Republic." 
The programme was as follows : "Russia's Advance 
into Central Asia," C. S. Rich ; " Essential Elements 
of Christianity," E. B. Wood; "Some Aspects of 
American Journalism," P. Bartlett ; " The Common 
School System the Hope of the Republic," H. P. 
Linscott; "Should Young Men Go Into Politics?'' 
H. C. Emery; "The Pension Question," E. A. 
Pugsley. Bartlett and Pngsley were excused. 


Bowdoin, 4; Freeport, 0. 

On Saturday, April 16th, our team opened the 
base-ball season at Brunswick by winning a victory 
from the Freeports in a well-played and interesting 
game. Two runs by Burns and one each by Fair- 
banks and French raised the score to four, while 
the Freeports were unable to score at all, owing to 
the sharp and almost errorless game of their 

On the Freeport team L. Patterson pitched, 
doing excellent work, and A. Lezotte ably sup- 
ported him behind the bat. Lezotte also lead the 
batting list of his side, getting the only three-base 
hit made on either side. 

French pitched for the Bowdoins during the first 
four innings, striking out seven men, and then was 
succeeded in the bos by Downes. Burns, the trainer 
of the Bowdoin team, caught throughout the game. 
Allen, Farrington, and Savage, three of the strongest 
men on the regular team, did not play in this game. 

In the outfield and infield Bowdoin played a 
strong game but showed weakness at the bat. 
The team contains fewer sure and heavy hitters 
than last year, but by careful and steady training 
much improvement can be made in this direction 
before the opening of the league season. The al- 
most total absence of errors in our play in this 
game is a very favorable sign. The score is as 
follows : 


A.B. R. B.H. T.B. S.H. P.O. A. E. 

Burns, c 3 2 2 2 11 2 1 

Downes, lb., p., ....40110350 

Fairbanks, 3b 41001100 

Hinkley, l.f 30000010 

Sykes. s.s., 3 1 

Hutchinson, 2d 30110300 

Chapman, c.f., 30000100 

Anderson, r.f., 30110000 

French, p., lb., ....31110280 

Total, 29 4 6 b' 1 21 17 1 


A.B. R. B.H. T.B.S.H. P.O. A. E. 

L. Patterson, p., .... 3 1 1 1 10 

W. Fogg, lb. 3 0000802 

Lezotte, c, 3 2 4 4 2 

E. Fogg, 2b., 3 0110220 

Rogers, r.f. 00000000 

E. Soule, 3b., 30110011 

Dennison.c.f 30000101 

Todd, r.f., 2b., 30120211 

W. Patterson, l.f 20000200 

B. Soule, s.s 20000101 

Total 25 6 9 21 16 6 


12 3 4 5 6 7 
Bowdoins 1 3 0—4 

Earned runs — Bowdoins, 1. Two-base hit — Todd. 
Three-base hit — Lezotte. Stolen bases— Burns, 2; Hink- 
ley. First base on balls— Burns. Struck out— Downes 
2; Fairbanks; Hutchinson; L. Patterson, 2; W. Fogg, 2; 
Lezotte; E. Fogg, 2; Dennison; Todd; W. Patterson, 2; 
B. Soule. Time— lh. 15m. Umpires— Dana and Coffin. 

Bowdoins, 29 ; Presumpscots, 13. 

On Fast-Day, April 21st, the second game of 
the season was played on the delta against the 
Presumpscots, and resulted in an easy victory for 
the Bowdoins. The game was rather a loose one 
and was characterized by heavy batting on both 

Bowdoin came first to the bat, and Allen led off 
with a three-base hit. Other heavy hitting followed, 
and before three men were out seven runs had been 
scored. In the last half of the inning the Presump- 
scots, by poor playing on the part of their opponents, 
got three men across the plate. Score : Bowdoins, 
7 ; Presumpscots, 3. 

In the second inning Hiukley made one run, 
while the Presumpscots made four, thus tying the 

In the third Bowdoin scored two, and in the 
second half prevented the visiting team from mak- 
ing a run. Burns, the coacher, took the place of 
French in the box. Score: Bowdoin, 9; Presump- 
scots, 7. 

Bodge succeeded Webb as pitcher in the fourth 
inning, and neither side scored. 

On coming to the bat again the Bowdoin men 
did some good batting and, aided by the loose play- 
ing of the opposing team, made eight runs. The 
Presumpscots failed to get a man to first base. 
Score: Bowdoins, 17; Presumpscots, 7. 

Bowdoin did not score in the sixth, and the 
Presumpscots sent in three men. In the seventh 
the home team made one run while the visitors 



were unable to find the ball and retired without a 
score. Score: Bowdoins, 18; Presumpscots, 10. 

In the eighth inuing, with two men on bases, 
Fairbanks knocked the ball far out into the pines 
and made a home run, thus bringing in three men. 
These, with a run by Anderson, raised the score of 
the Bowdoins to 22. On the Presumpscots, Morton 
made a three-bagger and came in on a base hit by 
Clark, making their score 11. 

The Presumpscots were evidently tired and in 
the last inning the Bowdoins easily made seven 
runs. Iu the second half Bowdoin played a listless 
game and allowed the Presumpscots to get in two 
runs. Bowdoins, 29 ; Presumpscots, 13. The score 
follows : 


A.B. R. B.H. T.E. P.O. A. E. 

Allen, c. 8 4 4 8 8 2 1 

Savage, lb., 34139 10 

Fairbanks, 3b., 8547124 

Hinkley, 1.1 8 2 4 6 

Hutchinson, 2b 7222220 

Sykes, s.s , 7 2 3 1 3 

Chapman, c.f., 7322310 

Anderson, r.f 7 4 3 4 1 

French, p. 1 1 1 2 3 

Burns, p., 6 2 2 3 9 

Totals, 62 29 23 37 27 21 8 


A.B. R. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Webb, 6 3 2 2 1 4 1 

Burnell 6 4 3 4 2 1 

Morton, 4 4 4 7 9 2 

Clark 6 1 2 2 3 2 

West, 4 1 1 

Elkins 4 1 1 7 2 

Swan 5 1 1 2 1 

Gilnian 5 1 1 2 5 3 

Bodge, 4 1 2 4 4 

Totals, 44 13 14 18 27 15 17 

Time — 2 hours 45 minutes. 
Umpires — Downes and Hanscomb. 

Wilson of Bates, Smith of Colby, and Machan of 
Bowdoin, representatives of the Athletic Associa- 
tions of their respective colleges, held a meeting Sat- 
urday, April 16th, to make arrangements for an In- 
tercollegiate Field-Day. Choice was made for loca- 
tion and the first came to Bates, the second to 
Bowdoin, and the third to Colby, so the meet this 
year will be at Lewiston. The date decided on 
was June 10th. To gain first place in any event 
will count five, second place two, and third place 

one. It was decided that in any event there must 
be at least five to enter and three to start. Each 
team is to pay its own traveling expenses, and the 
net proceeds or losses are to be borne by the three 
colleges equally. The prize will be a cup, to cost 
$50, and which shall be competed for each year. 

The list of contests includes 100 yards dash, 
220 yards dash, 440 yards dash, two miles run, one 
mile run, one mile walk, ruuning broad jump, 
standing broad jump, running high jump, stand- 
ing high jump, pole vault, putting shot, fifteen 
pounds, throwing hammer 16 pounds, 120 yards 
hurdle race, 10 hurdles three feet six inches high, 
220 yards hurdle race, 10 hurdles two feet six 
inches. Thus will be a possible 120 points to win. 

The idea of an Intercollegiate Field-Day is one 
which cannot fail to recommend itself to every one 
who is at all interested. in athletics and the reputa- 
tion of his college. For the past few years all in- 
terest in field sports at Bowdoin seems to have 
been dormant if not dead, and our "Annual Field- 
Day" was a mere mockery. No training of any 
value was doue and, therefore, our records are far 
below those of other colleges. Now we have got 
something to stimulate the athletic spirit. There- 
fore let every man who is able enter some of the 
events aud do systematic training for the con- 
test. If we go into an Intercollegiate Athletic 
Association we do not wish to be left behind. The 
captains for the various events are as follows : 

Dashes, Roy Bartlett. 

Runs, Lazell. 

High and Broad Jumps, Cothren. 

Pole-Vault, Bucknam. 

Putting Shot, . P. T. Haskell. 

Throwing Hammer, P. T. Haskell. 

Mile Walk, Linscott. 

Hurdle Races Machan. 

Every man who enters is expected to train regu- 
larly every day. All who wish to enter any event 
should apply to the captain of that event at once 
and go into training. 

On account of the lack of material and expense 
the college voted at a meeting last term not to sup- 
port an eight-oared crew this year but to cast its 
influence in favor of class crews. The Sophomores 
and Freshmen each have crews on the river which 
are rowing daily, and give promise of an exciting 
race in June. The crews are made up as follows : 

Stroke, Stevens. 

No. 3, . • T. C. Chapman. 

No. 2, . . . E. Thomas. 

Bow Buck. 




Stroke Dewey. 

No. 3 G. L. Kimball. 

No. 2, Dermison. 

Bow Bryant. 

We have now entered upon the pleasantest term 
of the year, and the beautiful days tempt us to 
spend the most of our time in the open air. By so 
doing we are liable to neglect our work and leave 
undone many things that should be attended to. 
Perhaps the T. M. C. A. suffers fully as much as 
any branch of college work during the spring term. 
We have come to look upon the winter months as 
the ones in which we can accomplish the most in 
our Christian work, and are inclined to let the Y. 
M. C. A. take care of itself during the spring. 

We could learn a good lesson on this point from 
our athletic teams. When the playing season is 
over they do not lay aside all thoughts of the work 
until another season opens. On the contrary, they 
immediately begin to plan for the future and, dur- 
ing the winter months put themselves through a 
systematic course of training so as to be fitted to 
go on to the field and do good work as soon as the 
playing season opens. Undoubtedly it is many 
times a grind to go through the required training in 
the " Gym," yet they do it for the good of the 
team and the college, knowing that success will not 
come to the team by the regular and faithful work 
of two or three men while the others are laying 
idle. So in our Y. M. C. A. work we may not see 
much fruit brought forth during the present term; 
yet it is only by keeping steadily at work that we 
can hope to keep up an interest in our meetings, 
and be prepared to receive the blessing when God 
sees fit to bestow it upon us. 

In the winter the average attendance in com- 
parison with the number of our active members 
was not so large as it should have been. Now, 
during the present terra, let us, at least, keep the 
attendance as high as it was in the winter, and, if 
possible, increase it. Let each active member con- 
sider it his duty to be present at every meeting of 
the Association, and to bring with him as many 
others as he can induce to come. If every one will 
do this the interest can be maintained and the As- 
sociation will become a greater power for good in 
the college than it is at the present time. 

The following are the chairmen of committees 
for the coming year: Membership Committee, 
Machan; Religious Meetings, Flood; Finance, 
Woodbury; Intercollegiate Relations, Lord; Mis- 
sionary, Libby; Bible Study, Merrill; Neighbor- 
hood Work, Bliss; Handbook, Machan. 

'35. — The Lewiston Jour- 
nal of April 14, contained 
cut of Hon. Josiah Crosby, and an 
extended account of his public career, 
of which the following is an extract : 

Hou. Josiah Crosby, of Dexter, the famous East- 
ern Maiue lawyer, has one eccentricity to which 
much of his surprising physical vigor is undoubt- 
edly due. Every morning in summer and fall he 
arises at daybreak and dashes a pailful or so of cold 
water upon his body, going into the outer air for the 
bath. In the winter when the snow is deep he dis- 
penses with water and leaps into a snow-drift. 
This shivery custom has been practiced by him all 
through his life. 

In the court room he is a power. He has the rep- 
utation of being able to drag testimony out of wit- 
nesses in an astonishing manner, leaving the most 
stubborn subject in a state of complete emptiness, 
puzzled, mortified, enraged but helpless. In the 
warmth of cross-examination or iu the climax of de- 
bate, his voice, high-pitched and shrill, pierces the 
perception of the witnesses and jurymen as effect- 
ually as do his incisive arguments. 

In politics Mr. Crosby has been prominent. He 
was a Whig until the Republican party came into 
existeuce, and remained an earnest adherent to that 
party until 1881 when he joined the Democratic 

In 1857, 1863, and 1865 he was a member of the 
House of Representatives of Maine. In 1867-68 he 
was a member of the Senate from Penobscot County, 
and was President of the Senate in 1868. During 
his legislative career he made many telling speeches. 

He has traveled much, having visited Great 
Britain and France in 1887, with much delight. 
He has long been council for the Dexter & Newport 



Railroad Company and a director of the First Na- 
tional Bank. Although he has always been indus- 
trious he naively says that ho has not been so in- 
dustrious as to endanger his life, as so many men, 
especially Yankees, have. 

'44. — George Simeon Woodward died in Leaven- 
worth, Kansas, April 1st. He was born in Gardi- 
ner, October, 1819. On leaving school he taught in 
West Chester, Pa., four years, meanwhile pursuing 
theological study under the direction of Rev. Dr. 
John Crurell of the Presbyterian church. He 
received license to preach in 1847, from the presby- 
tery of Philadelphia, and in 1849 ordination from 
the presbytery of Missouri, and was settled in the 
ministry in Parkville, Mo., where he remained 
fourteen years. From 1863 to 1868 he was pastor 
of the First Presbyterian Church, Leavenworth, 
Kan. An affection of the throat compelled him to 
suspend pulpit labor and to engage in the insur- 
ance business, which he has pursued, preaching 
occasionally as his infirmity permitted, to the time 
of his death. He has published a number of 
sermons and addresses. He was married twice and 
two children survive him. 

'50. — An exchange says: "Gen. 0. 0. Howard is 
not the bird to be caught with chaff. He says a 
decided 'No' to the third party's invitation to be 
its presidential candidate." 

'55. —The United States Circuit Court of Appeals 
came in in Boston, April 13th, with Justices Putnam, 
Colt, and Nelson on the bench. This was Judge 
Putnam's first appearance on the bench. The case 
was that of A. P. Potter vs. Receiver Beal, of the 
Maverick Bank. 

'60.— We have had histories of Sweden, aud we 
are all familiar with the poet Longfellow's descrip- 
tion, published half a century ago, of the manners 
and customs of the Swedish peasants in a single 
province. What we have lacked was a minute and 
comprehensive account of the country and its people 
as they are now. This want is now made good in 
a quarto volume of more than seven hundred pages, 
entitled "Sweden and the Swedes," by William 
Widgery Thomas, Jr. What one wishes, of course, 
to learn about a book of this kind is whether the 
author has had adequate opportunities of observa- 
tion, and whether he was qualified to avail himself 
of them by education, a sound judgment, and 
unremitting industry. It is satisfactory to find 
these conditions answered in the case of Mr. 
Thomas. It is uo w thirty years since he first set foot 
in Sweden, having been sent as Consul to Gothen- 
burg, by President Lincoln. Subsequently he con- 

ducted a colony of Swedes over the ocean and 
founded a settlement, known as New Sweden, in 
the forests of Northern Maine. His relations to 
this colony led him to make frequent visits to the 
Scandinavian peninsula, and to employ his leisure 
in the study of the Swedish language and literature. 
He was made Minister to Sweden and Norway by 
President Arthur, and is now holding the same 
office, by the appointment of President Harrison. 
He tells us— and this volume is full of proofs of the 
assertion— that during his many and long sojourns 
in Sweden he always carried a note-book in his 
pocket and jotted down on the spot whatever struck 
him as novel and characteristic. In the revision 
and correction of his manuscript he has been 
assisted by his father-in-law, a member of the 
upper house of the Swedish Riksdag, and by a 
number of Swedish scholars and statisticians. We 
may add that of the innumerable illustrations which 
enrich the work, many are reproductions of Scandi- 
navian landscapes, buildings, and conspicuous per- 
sons. Taken together, the book should be wel- 
comed as supplying much needed information con- 
cerning a country from which we are annually 
drawing a large and important element of our 
population. — New York Sun. 

'60.— Hon. Thomas B. Reed has been making 
campaign speeches in Vermont and Massachusetts. 
Previous to that he spoke in Rhode Island, and 
undoubtedly contributed to the Republican success 
in that State. 

'61.— Gen. T. W. Hyde has begun the publi- 
cation of a story, entitled " A Maine Regiment," 
in the Bath Independent. This story begins with 
the days that preceded Sumter, traces the whole 
conflict, and the part that Maine soldiers took in it 
until peace found the nation reunited. It is a vivid 
narrative, graphic with personal experiences as 
entertaining as valuable. 

'64. — Hon. Charles F. Libby will undoubtedly 
represent this district at the Republican National 
Convention at Minneapolis. The other candidate, 
Ex-Governor Robie, '41, has withdrawn. 

'69. — Clarence Hale was admitted to practice at 
the bar of the United States Circuit Court of 
Appeals in Boston, April 13th. 

74. — Thomas C. Simpson recently resigned the 
Collectorship of the Port of Newburyport. 

'79. — Heber D. Bowker, of Milford, Mass., was 
married April 5th to Miss Mary Grow, daughter of 
Mr. and Mrs. L. Grow of that town. The service 
was performed by Rev. E. W. Whitney. They are 



at home cm Tuesdays and Fridays, at No. 20 South 
Main Street, Milford. 

'89.— George Thwinghas opend a law office SOS- 
SOB Sykes Block, Minneapolis, Minn. 

'90. — Fred J. Allen will be head clerk of the 
Wentworth, of Newcastle, N. H., this summer. 

'90. — G. B. Littlefleld has been appointed prin- 
cipal of the Old Orchard High School. 

'91.— Cilley and Goding, of the Harvard Law 
School contemplate a European bicycle tour this 

'83. — John Edward Dinsmore expects to spend 
the nest year in the American School at Athens. 
Mrs. Dinsmore will accompany him. They sail 
July 14th, in the State Line steamer, State of Ne- 
braska for Glasgow, stopping a month at London, 
and six weeks in Berlin. Mr. Dinsmore is now 
principal of Fryeburg Academy. 

'83. — Dr. Edward W. Chase made a flying visit 
to Brunswick at the first of the term. He has 
started on a trip to Europe. 


Beneath the tum-tum tree they sat. 

He squeezed her hand, she smashed his hat, — 

They scrapped — 

I saw them do it. 

(One stanza more completes the rhyme.) 
I snapped the Kodak just in time. 
I clapped — 
They heard me do it. 

— Williams Weekly. 
" I don't mind doing away with the editorial 
'we,''' said Editor Cutting, "but when a fellow 
comes into the office with a club and tries to abolish 
the editorial eye, it is a very different matter."— Ex. 
The largest salary paid to any college Presi- 
dent is that received by President Jordan of Leland 
Stanford. The amount paid is $15,000. 

The cost of the Brown gymnasium, which was 
recently opened, was $67,500. 

OUR / 0f Your Societ y Bad S e wil1 be 

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All kinds of Copying and Type-writing Neatly 
and Promptly Executed. 


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than the price charged for the ordinary trade Cigarettes, will 
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Dr. Ephraim Bateman, Cedarville, N. J., says : 

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Magazines, Music, etc., Bound in a Neat and Durable Manner. 
Ruling and Blank Book Work of Every Description done to order. 

Mention Orient when Patronizing Our Advertisers. 


Vol. XXII. 


No. 2. 





0. W. Peabody, '93, Managing Editor. 

H. C. Pabyan, '93, Assistant Managing Editor. 

R. R. Goodell, '93, Business Manager. 

"W. P. Chamberlain, '93. H. E. Andrews, '94. 

M. S. Clifford, '93. F. J. Libby, '94. 

P. M. Shaw, '93. F. W. Pickard, '94. 

B. L. Bryant, '95. 

Per annum, in advance, 
Single Copies, 

. $2.00. 
15 Cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica. 
tion to the Business Manager. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Manager. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Rhyme and Reason Department should be 
sent to Box 1100, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should be sent to Box 997, Bruuswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post-Offlce at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 


Vol. XXII., No. 2.— May 11, 1892. 

Editorial Notes 17 

Some Reminiscences of Bowdoin College Life More 

than Sixty Years Ago, 20 

A Race for Life 23 

Rhyme and Reason : 

To a Real Disturber of Public Peace 25 

A Reverie at Night-Fall, 25 

The Usual Way, 26 

Collegii Tabula, 26 

Athletics .27 

Y. M. C. A 29 

Personal 30 

College World, qo 

The formation of leagues is one of 
the modern phases of our social system. 
Whether they are for the advancement of 
some reform or for the mutual assistance 
rendered to individual members, they have 
never failed to be a power. The colleges of 
America, from the energy of their members 
and the similarity of their tastes and pur- 
poses, offer one of the most fruitful grounds 
for the planting of these leagues and associa- 
tions; and it is needless to speak of the 
influence which the united energies of college 
students have had upon the outside world, 
whether in athletics, Y. M. C. A. work, or 
journalism. The latest project is the pro- 
posed formation of a league of College 
Republican Clubs. This movement of organ- 
ized Republicanism in the colleges is not to 
be slighted. It is in fact hailed with joy by 
the Republican newspapers. The organs of 
the opposite party, however, are at first 
inclined to scoff at it, insinuating that it is a 
scheme started by the Republican bosses for 
their own aggrandizement, and moreover, 
that it is out of place as a college institution. 
These assertions are unfounded. The organ- 
ization is the offspring of college enterprise 
and the legitimate result of college spirit, 
with possibly a slight protest against the 
Democratic instruction which the faculties 
of the American colleges are giving. 



The Republican Club of the University 
of Michigan was the originator of the idea, 
and the other colleges of the country have 
responded with the greatest enthusiasm to 
the invitation sent out by this club. Bow- 
doin fell into line with the others, and the 
Bowdoin Republican Club already embraces 
a majority of the students of the college, i 
Nowhere is there a more fitting place for 
political instruction and political enthusiasm 
than in the colleges of this country. It is 
the college man who is to be the future 
leader in directing the course of govern- 
ment, and he cannot begin too early to study 
the principles of the great parties between 
which he must make his choice. Although 
the Republicans have taken the initiative in 
this college movement, having the advantage 
of greater numbers on their side, it is very 
probable that the Democratic party Mali 
marshal its forces in opposition, and form 
clubs in those colleges at least where its 
numbers will permit. We hope that a Dem- 
ocratic Club may be formed at Bowdoin. 
The two clubs could then hold joint discus- 
sions, and all the advantages of the old 
Bowdoin Debating Club, with the necessary 
addition of some vitality, would be renewed. 

TITHE latest returns indicate that the Inter- 
-*■ collegiate Field-Day is not to be. Last 
year the Bowdoin management attempted to 
institute such a meeting between the colleges 
of the State, but without success, as neither 
Colby nor Bates felt strong enough to enter 
at that time. During the present season 
Colby, Bates, and Bowdoin formed an asso- 
ciation for the purpose of holding an Inter- 
collegiate Field-Day. Since then both Colby 
and Bates have reconsidered and withdrawn, 
unless Bowdoin will consent to enter her 
academical department alone, barring out the 
Medical School. As Bowdoin has emphati- 
cally decided not to do this, the prospects 

of a State Intercollegiate Field-Day, for this 
season at least, are few. 

We find nothing unnatural or unexpected 
in the course which Bates and Colby have 
pursued, for, probably, looking at the matter 
from their point of view, Bowdoin seems 
ungenerous in being unwilling to make this 
concession, and by so doing put herself on a 
nearer level numerically with the smaller 
colleges, as she has done from custom in the 
base-ball league. Considered from the stand- 
point of the students of Bowdoin College, 
there are two reasons why we should not 
accede to the demand for limiting our num- 
bers. In the first place the records made on 
such a Field-Day would stand as the work of 
the college, and it does not pay to make any 
concession by which the work will be made 
less effective. The second reason is that the 
feeling now prevalent in college demands 
closer relations between the collegiate depart- 
ments than have heretofore existed. The 
Medical School has worked with the academ- 
ical department in boating, in foot-ball, and 
in several other enterprises during the last 
few years, and it will pay to keep up the 
friendly relations which this union of pur- 
pose has produced. To do this it is especially 
advisable not to establish in any new associ- 
ation the precedent of barring out the Med- 
ical School, which, by intercollegiate custom, 
is entitled to representation as a department 
of the college. 

TT7HE collapse of the Intercollegiate Associ- 
■1 ation is likely to dampen the enthusiasm 
of men who were preparing to enter the 
Field-Day events. It should not be allowed 
to do so. It makes but little difference, after 
all, whether the sports are held together or 
at the several colleges. The records are 
absolute, so that, in most of the events at 
any rate, a ready comparison may be made 
of the work of the three colleges. Bowdoin 
should not be content with leading the 



athletic records of the Maine colleges, but 
should prepare to take her position among 
the other colleges of the country. Field 
sports have been sadly neglected here, and 
the records which have borne away prizes at 
some of our local Field-Days have been 
simply ridiculous. This has been due not to 
lack of good men, but to want of interest 
and to unwarrantable neglect of training. 
We hope that an effort will be made this 
season to make Bowdoin's records what they 
should be. If greater interest is taken and 
more conscientious work done in practice, 
Bowdoin may be able to enter the New 
England Intercollegiate Association in a few 
years. Our records must be lowered first, 
and we have got some men who can do it if 
they will try. 

WE HAVE often thought that one or two 
turf courts somewhere on the campus 
would be a valuable addition to our tennis 
real estate. Where, as in this vicinity, clay- 
rolled courts are so universally used, players 
are likely to forget the advantages of the 
lawn or grass court which is so common in 
Massachusetts and other states. Undoubt. 
edly when one has become accustomed to 
the hard court he is disinclined to make the 
change to one of a softer and more uneven 
surface. Yet it seems as though a majority 
of tennis players would be willing to over- 
look a few inconveniences, rather than to be 
denied absolutely the privileges of the game 
for a month or two every year. Until the 
frost is out of the ground in the spring, and 
as soon as it appears in the fall, the clay 
courts are useless and tennis is practically 
given up on the campus. For at least two 
months of good tennis weather last fall and 
winter the courts on the campus took on the 
consistency of putty, and defied every kind 
of foot gear except a spiked shoe. In De- 
cember and January the students' racquets 
hung idle on the walls, while their owners 

disconsolately watched the Faculty playing 
tennis on President Hyde's lawn court. 
There is not a rain during the tennis season 
but leaves a puddle on half of the clay courts, 
making them unfit for use until long after 
the rest of the campus is dry. The soil, it is 
true, is not the best for the making of grass 
courts, but, if this difficulty can be overcome, 
we suggest that the Tennis Association lay 
out a few courts of this sort, and take care 
of them for a rainy day. 

THE incident of April 30th, or rather of 
May 1st, though unfortunate in itself, 
has been productive of good results. The 
Faculty and the selectmen of the town have 
come to an understanding, and hereafter the 
same rights will be accorded to the students 
in celebrating their victories as are granted 
to political organizations, the firemen, or 
anybody else. It would seem as though 
these rights might have gone unquestioned, 
and this would probably have been the case 
had not the officers of the town been seek- 
ing an opportunity to exhibit their authority. 
The position of a police officer in a college 
town is undoubtedly a trying one. The 
officer must possess tact, patience, and self- 
control. When he is entirely lacking in 
these qualities, and morever, places personal 
prejudices before the welfare of the com- 
munity, it is unfortunate for the town whose 
laws he is expected to enforce. The officers 
in the present case made a serious mistake 
in singling out for vengeance the most peace- 
able and law-abiding students in the college. 
The sympathy of the reputable citizens of 
the town, which is with the students in any 
event, was made still more strongly so by 
this evidence of injustice. Now that the 
students are sure that the sentiment of the 
towns-people is with them, we hope that they 
will return the obligation by respecting the 
peace and order of the town. If they are 
considerate in this particular the officers will 



undoubtedly be instructed to keep within 
bounds, and there will be little danger of 
their again " stretching india-rubber law " 
beyond the limits of public opinion. 

WE WISH to congratulate Colby Univer- 
sity upon the selection of Rev. Beniah 
L. Whitman as its President. A personal 
acquaintance with Rev. Mr. Whitman, as a 
member of his congregation during the two 
years of his pastorate life, enables us to testify 
to his character as a man and his ability as a 
scholar. Few preachers possess so great 
personal magnetism and carry such conviction 
with their words. All this power Mr. Whit- 
man has, and will throw heart and soul into 
his new work, for a young man himself he has 
always shown greatest interest in colleges 
and the work of young men. In him the 
pulpit has lost one of the ablest preachers in 
the country, and we are sure the cause of 
education has gained a leader who from the 
first will stand in the front rank. 

Some Reminiscences of Bowdoin 

College Life More than Sixty 

Years Ago. 

Editor Alumni Department — Bowdoin Orient : 

TTS YOU wish to receive from the alumni 
/•*■ some "items of interest" concerning 
past college days, it gives me pleasure to 
send you a brief sketch of our personal ex- 
periences, in those long-past years of dear 
Alma Mater; and I love at this remote 
period to read the names and friendships of 
teachers and college-mates, so dear to us 
then, so proudly cherished by us now. 

During the lapse of so many years since 
1826, my bodily health, thanks to a kind 
Providence and a sound constitution, has 
been ever good, and I am not a little sur- 
prised that of the robust 31 members of my 
class of '26, that I am the sole survivor; and 

that of the class of '25 but three only remain 
alive, as I am so informed by my friend, 
Horace Bridge, of that distinguished class. 
Mr. Bridge is now living at Athens, Penn., 
in the enjoyment of fairly good health. 

I sincerely liked and respected the Pro- 
fessors of those days, more especially Pro- 
fessors Packard and Newman. With the 
former I kept up a constant correspondence, 
ending only with the time of his lamented 
death. In my Freshman year I boarded 
with Prof. Newman, together with my chums, 
Wm. Appleton, J. T. Gilman, Alfred Mason, 
Fred Mellen, and Mark Newman. I re- 
member that in those days our little party 
was wont to amuse itself by chopping down 
the tall pine trees, in rear of the house, 
for the sake of seeing them fall with a crash 
to earth ; but we hastily dropped the axe 
when told that the owner of the woods was 
highly indignant, and threatened us with 
prosecution, though he forgivingly failed to 

I always had a liking for President Allen, 
yet he was not popular with the classes, but 
for no sufficient reason, so far as I could see. 
It was usual for the President to invite the 
graduating class to participate in an evening 
levee at his house ; but in our case not more 
than half of the class accepted his invita- 
tion. It was my custom on each Saturday 
noon to call at his study and ask permission 
to visit Bath on that day, promising to re- 
turn on Monday morning. He always, for 
four years, asked me the same question, viz. : 
" Have you any friends there ? " My reply 
was ever the same: "Yes, sir, I have an 
uncle there, Gen. James McLellan, and I go 
at his request." The President's consent was 
ever the same : " Yes, you may go." 

Professors Cleaveland, Upham, and 
Smyth also were well liked by the classes, 
and deservedly so. We were all greatly in- 
terested in Mr. Cleaveland's lectures and ex- 
periments. At one time he treated us to- 



some galvanic and electricity experiments, 
but with no successful results. He desired 
the whole class to join hands, so that the 
current should pass through the whole num- 
ber, but some of our class rather disliked 
the probable sensation, so they would ever 
withdraw their hand, and the circuit was not 
complete, and the good professor failed to 
shock us all. 

For some years a chosen club among us 
boarded together at good old Ma'am Grouses, 
where we were well entertained. The 
members consisted of Appleton, Apthorp, H. 
W. Longfellow, S. S. Prentiss, Williard, my- 
self, and others. At the next house (Mr. 
Browning's) another coterie boarded, con- 
sisting of Frank Pierce, J. P. Hale, Cilley, 
Hawthorne, Bridge, Sawyer, and others. They 
were all political and social friends, and 
belonged chiefly to the Athenaean Society; 
our own clique being Peucinians. We all, 
however, tramped together in friendly con- 
verse to our respective hotels, well satisfied 
with the rather plain fare. Hawthorne (old 
Hath) ever moved with a reserved, down- 
cast look, saying but little. 

In those days the Caluvian Society held 
monthly meetings, but the members were 
but few and but small interest taken in the 
subject of Natural History. The meetings 
were held during my Junior and Senior 
years, in my own room (an upper corner 
room occupied solely by myself). I was its 
custodian, having charge of the one cabinet 
and a few other curiosities. After several 
years, when I re-visited Brunswick to deliver 
a poem before the Phi Beta Kappa Society, 
I was surprised and pleased, on entering the 
two rooms of that Society, to behold such a 
fine museum collected, the growth of such 
meagre beginnings. 

In our Freshman year several of our 
class formed a small secret social club, named 
the " Spontcroi." It met together, without 
fail, on every Saturday night for four years, 

and usually at my own room. It consisted 
of eight members, viz. : Apthorp, Prentiss, 
Lord, Abbot, Paine, Hilliard, and myself. 
We were very quiet in our meetings, never 
raising tutor or proctor. Each one in turn 
acted as President, and it was his duty to 
propose some subject for extemporaneous dis- 
cussion, in which all members participated. 
After its decision one member was required 
to read an essay, written for the occasion. 
And then the members collected around the 
wood-fire hearth, after enjoying the modest 
little banquet prepared by the President. 
Then pipes and cigars were smoked and con- 
verse and song engaged in. The singing 
consisted of college melodies, such as " Auld 
Lang Syne," " Away With Melancholy," 
"Three Blind Mice," " O, Landlady, have 
you good wine to-night?" etc. Our min- 
strelsy, if not very good, was sung in our 
very best manner, and in a low key, so as 
not to disturb neighbors or summon the 
tutor police. I do not think that the exist- 
ence of our club was at all known through- 
out college. At the close of our college 
life it was voted to have a public performance 
at Commencement time, with oration and 
poem. Apthorp was selected for the speech 
and myself for the ode, but the exhibition 
failed to take place. I have since been sur- 
prised that Sergeant Prentiss did not then 
distinguish himself as a debater, as he did in 
later life. 

After graduating, I corresponded with 
several members of that club, but chiefly 
with Prentiss, Appleton, and Apthorp. The 
two latter died early in life, within three 
3'ears after leaving college. Prentiss died in 
1850. He wrote me often from Cincinnati, 
Vicksburg, and New Orleans, at which latter 
place he died. He gave me pressing invita- 
tions to visit him at that city, where he so 
distinguished himself as a leading lawyer 
and orator. My classmate, B. B. Thacher, 
distinguished himself as editor of the Boston 



Daily Journal; but his health failed him and 
he died in 1840. After finishing his law 
studies in Maine he came to Boston in search 
of some employment. I then gave him my 
position as editor of the Evening Gazette, as 
I was at that time also sub-editor of the 
Boston Daily Patriot. Russwurm, of my class 
(a mulatto), was a native of Hayti, and was 
ever kindly treated by the class, with no 
prejudice of color. He edited a paper in 
this country, and then emigrated to Liberia, 
of which he became the governor, and died 
there in the year 1861. Two of my class 
(Boyd and Sawyer) in later life were 
appointed Chief Justices of the Supreme 
Courts of Mississippi and New Hampshire. 

I think that the college faculty were very 
mild in their punishments for misdemeanors, 
by suspension or rustication. Two such 
instances occur to me, viz., the explosion of 
a bomb in one of the college entries, which 
caused great panic with but little damage ; 
and the smashing of a tutor's windows during 
his absence from his room. It was a hungry 
custom in those days to have " roast-chicken 
feasts " in the rooms, and so hen-roosts and 
sweet-corn patches suffered much from such 
raids. These secret banquets were for- 
bidden by the faculty, but I do not think 
that the fancy cooks ever were known or 

In those days we took but little interest 
in athletic exercises, so we had no boat, 
cricket, or base-ball clubs, though we were 
active in foot-ball struggles. At one time a 
military company was organized, with Frank 
Pierce as captain, but the soldiers were 
armed only with pine wood staffs instead of 
muskets. A rival burlesque company was 
also formed, whose harmless weapons were 
sticks from the wood pile. But very little 
martial spirit prevailed, and the troops were 
soon disbanded. 

In those days I had much experience with 
fish-rod and gun, my associates in sport being 

usually S. S. Prentiss and Stephen Long- 
fellow. His brother, H. W. Longfellow, was 
devoted to his studies and the Muses, and 
cared nothing for field sports. The game 
consisted of wild pigeons, which swarmed in 
the pine woods, and bay-snipe that we found 
at Maquoit and Middle Bay. Prentiss, though 
quite lame, would ever walk with me to 
those resorts, where in a small skiff we rowed 
for hours in pursuit of wild fowl. 

With H. W. Longfellow I was quite 
intimate in college, as well as in later years 
at Cambridge. At that place (in the old 
Craigie house) I used often to visit him, and 
in the platform of a tree by the door we 
passed many hours in recalling college scenes 
and friends. While he was still a Bowdoin 
professor he passed a portion of his winter 
vacation with me at my father's house in 
Boston. At that time he read to me at night 
the manuscripts of his " Outre-Mer," his first 
book. I was greatly pleased with it, and 
sought to find a purchaser for it among the 
city publishers, but without success. He 
subsequently disposed of it to the Harpers 
in New York, naming to me the sum he 
received for it. I so greatly admired his 
earlier pieces, written during college life, 
that I was prompted to follow his lead and 
try my own hand at verse ; so I published 
several pieces in that leading journal, the 
U. S. Literary Gazette, then edited by Mr. 
Carter in Boston, and later by William C. 
Bryant, who transferred it to New York, 
wliere it finally was discontinued. 

I do not think that Longfellow enjoyed 
good health during the latter years of his 
life. From one of his letters to me I make 
this brief extract : 

" Cambridge, February 4. I am now attacked 
by influenza and neuralgia, which make me look 
and feel like Laocoon witb bis serpents. Tour out- 
door lite preserves you from such uncomfortable 
visitors, at least I hope so; I could wish a better 
wish. Neuralgia derauges my correspondence and 
throws everything into confusion. So while I am 



here busy with the making and reading of books, 
you are enjoying the sports of the field." 

I met Hawthorne in Boston, when we were 
both contributing to the late S. G. Goodrich's 
numerous publications, such as the "Legend- 
ary," "Token," "Historical Encyclopedia," 
etc. Mr. Goodrich was his first publisher. 

The last note I received from Longfellow, 
only two or three weeks before his death, 
was dictated by him to his elder daughter ; 
and during the last da} r and evening I passed 
with him, we received a visit from his friend 
Ralph Emerson, and our conversation was 
greatly enlivened by the remarks of the 
poet's lovely and intelligent wife. I then 
hoped that his friend and neighbor, James 
R. Lowell, would drop in, but he did not 
make his appearance. 

I published with Allen & Ticknor, of 
Boston, three volumes of verse, viz.: "Fall 
of the Indian," "The Year," and "Mount 
Auburn." In writing the latter volume I 
received some valuable help from Long- 
fellow, who suggested many topics for the 
book. That great cemetery was not far dis- 
tant from bis home, and he seemed to be 
familiar with the place ; and now his precious 
remains are laid there in rest. 

While living near New York I published 
still another volume of verse in 1889, styled 
"Rod and Gun," consisting chiefly of poems 
published in sportsmen's journals. I sent a 
cop}' of it to the Orient and hope it was 
duly received. 

I still continue to contribute occasional 
pieces to the sportsman's journals, but I sup- 
pose I must before long be compelled, b} 7 
want of breath, to drop the pen. I still feel 
very great interest in Bowdoin College, my 
dear Alma Mater, and love to read of its 
prosperity, as semi-monthly set forth in the 
pages of the Orient. I think that all of the 
alumni are in duty bound to contribute to 
its columns and patronize its issues. 

Springs, L. L IsAAC McLellan. 

A Race for Life. 
TN 18 — , after leaving college, I went West 

-*■ to the little town of B to work as 

assistant assayer in the office of my uncle, 
who was at that time the principal owner in 
the Little Giant Silver mine, which, although 
recently opened, was one of the most valu- 
able in the State and panned out enormous 
quantities of silver. 

Fresh as I was from college the place had 
all the charms of novelty. The village itself 
was a straggling community of perhaps 
twenty houses, a bank, store, and post-office, 
together with a number of streets rudely 
marked out and designated by shingle signs 
nailed on the trees, giving it its claim to the 
title of city, for such was the common way 
of speaking of the place. Situated as it was 
on the side of the mountain, there was a fine 
view over the surrounding country, while in 
the valley hundreds of feet below, the river 
running through the landscape like a silver 
ribbon, increased the beauty of the scene, all 
unhampered as it was by man's handiwork. 

The Little Giant mine was located on 
the other side of the mountain about fifteen 
miles distant, and was reached by a road 
which wound over the crest and down across 
the other side ; there was also a bridle-path 
which lead directly to the mine through a 
deep ravine, — a path that, although wide and 
smooth, in many places was too narrow for a 
team of any description, though passable as 
I soon learned for a bicycle. 

The place had been settled about a year, 
and, although there was a semblance of justice, 
the laws were not strictly enforced either in 
the town or at the mine, and I was speedily 
made acqtiainted with the facts, both from 
report and observation, that the people as a 
class were hard characters, and that deeds 
of violence were of common occurrence. 

One morning in the early autumn my 
uncle came into the office and calling me 
aside asked me if I was willing to carry the 



money for paying the men over to the mine, 
Wilkins, the paymaster, being laid up with 
rheumatism. I was of course agreeable to 
the proposition, although as I started for the 
house to change my clothes and get my 
bicycle I felt a little nervous at the idea of 
carrying ten thousand dollars for fifteen 
miles through such a region. However I 
did not say anything of my fears to my uncle 
as he helped strap the knapsack full of money 
on my shoulders and handed me a revolver 
and belt of cartridges. 

It was a perfect morning in September. 
Not a cloud was visible and the air was cool 
and refreshing as I started down the ravine. 
The trees which grew thickly on either side 
were beginning to change and were gorgeous 
with their autumnal colors, while the golden- 
rod and frost flower, scattered here and 
there, made up an idyllic scene to me, so 
lately come from pavements and city blocks. 
Now and then the sun would break through 
the overspreading branches, tinting the path 
and rising walls of the pass so as to give 
them a peculiar sleepy appearance. A 
drowsy silence seemed to be over everything. 
No sound broke the stillness, and a strange 
feeling of depression stole gradually over 
me though I tried vainly to shake it off. 

I had gone about five miles when, in 
crossing a particularly rough place I heard a 
crack, and on dismounting found that one of 
the springs in the saddle of my bicycle had 
broken, and a good hour was lost in splicing 
it up with a piece of wood, aided by my 
handkerchief and the straps from the pocket 
on the wheel. After finishing it I went 
down a little path to a spring, leaving the 
bicycle by the road; while drinking I heard 
a horse gallop by and rushed out with the 
vain hope of seeing who it was, for none of 
the men from the mine had, to my knowl- 
edge, been in town, and it could not be any 
one from the office, for had it been possible 
for one of them to go I should not have 

been sent with the money. Musing a little 
and somewhat nervous, I started on and 
soon had covered half the distance to the 
mine and was on the top of the mountain 
with the roughest part of the road before me, 
although it was a gradual descent to the 

Here I dismounted again for a few 
minutes to enjoy the view and fix the spring 
of the saddle which had become loosened 
in the ride up. As I was getting ready to 
mount I felt for my revolver, it was gone ! 
probably having fallen from my pocket when 
I stooped to drink at the spring. I am not a 
coward or even of a nervous temperament, 
but a sort of dullness crept over me as I 
realized what my position was in a region 
that had for its inhabitants cut-throats and 
escaped convicts! The galloping horse came 
again to my mind and it was with dread that 
I mounted and started slowly down the 
mountain side. The road here was quite 
narrow and very rough, made so by the 
fallen branches and pieces of rock, and some 
care was necessary to find room for the 

I had just reached the worst place in 
the road and was approaching a curve when 
directly in front of me by the side of the 
path I saw a horse, saddled and panting as 
if just left. Instinctively letting go of the 
brake and putting all my strength into the 
pedals I rounded the curve and saw in the 
middle of the way a big, burly fellow whom 
I instantly knew, in spite of the black mask, 
as "Big Pete," one of the most lawless men 
employed at the mine; a revolver gleamed 
in his hand and a bullet whizzed past my 
head as I shot by hiin, for so silently and 
swiftly had I come up that he seemed un- 
aware of my presence till I passed him in a 
place where he could have easily stopped the 
bicycle by a log or his own huge frame had 
he been ready for me. With an oath he 
sprang to his horse and then began literally 



a race for life, for " Pete " was not a man 
to shrink from an undertaking as I well 
knew from report. 

On, on, down the mountain we went, I 
with a slight advantage in the curved road, 
which prevented the bullets from reaching 
me, and from the very roughness of the way, 
over which a horse could not go at full speed. 
Down, down. Would I win or "Pete?" 
Four miles were gone and soon we would 
come to a long, open stretch of rather sandy 
road. To my horror I felt the saddle spring 
begin to loosen again from the rapid jolt- 

Rouses no such keen displeasure 
As that echo of parade. 

Freshman's play. 

Weeks, mere weeks, of whistling, humming, 

Make us weary of the first ; 
Tears ago that nervous drumming 

Made our souls for vengeance thirst. 

Is the Freshman quite, quite senseless? 

Can he never cease that thrum ? 
Will he torture us, defenseless? 

Has he brains where sense may come ? 
There's the rub. 

ing. My breath came in quick gasps ; my 
legs seemed powerless. The open path was 
reached and I was nearly half way over it 
when a savage oath and a bullet singing 
through the air made me look ahead along 
the road, and there riding rapidly toward me 
were the overseer of the mine and another 
man, both well armed, and attracted out, as 
I afterward learned, by the shots which 
"Pete" had fired during our mad ride. 
Crying " Look out for the money," I fell in 
a faint for the first time in my life. 

The story is soon finished. " Pete " was 
not taken, though a strong party started at 
once in pursuit, and after a week at the 
mine, where I found many honest hearts 

despite the rough exterior, I returned to B 

but little the worse for my " race for life." 

A Reverie at Night-Fall. 

Dreaming of what might have beeD, 

I sit silently, but in 

My soul a dull voice of regret 

Doth mumble still. Oh ! To forget 

The day that's done and its dismay 

That bears my happiness away ! 

Yet why should I regret? Indeed, 

Mine is the common lot. No need 

To moan and sorrow o'er disgrace 

That some time saddeDS every face. 

My turn in time was sure to come. 

But oh ! 'Twas so hard to be dumb ; 

To stand with power of thought all gone ; 

To have no gleam, of knowledge born, 

Illuminate my intellect 

And this th' inevitable effect 

Of momentary negligence. 

'Twas just, perhaps, and yet a sense 

Of some injustice lingers still 

My cup of misery to fill. 

'Twas just, perhaps, that I should pay 

To a Real Disturber of Public 

Bygone weeks of wayward wailing 
Show to us this curious thing : — 

Nature's laws are not unfailing ; 
Chestnuts flourish in the spring. 
Boomdere ! 

Yet this strain of marching measure, 
Ripened once, but now decayed, 

The penalty of letting stray 
My mind from that one point obscure 
In laziness and weak detour. 
But more unjust, than just, methinks, 
To be pulled up on missing links ! 
Especially when all except 
That single point I well had kept 
In memory, and could have slain 
My questioner in terms so plain ! 
Unjust indeed ! No one knows all 
Or has all facts at beck and call. 
Responses may be slow or brisk ; 
And we must ever run the risk. 
The ten-strike still by luck is led ; 
'Tis Fate ordains the ghastly dead. 



The Usual Way. 

A man once came to college 

Filled with sense (?) profound. 

When Freshman year he entered 
His ten-strikes knew no bound. 

He fell in love the next year; 

I'm sure it was misfit, 
For cruelly was he jilted, 

Jilted by Anna Lyt. 

He suffered worse as Junior, 
For hard as he might strive, 

His once abundant ten-strikes 
Soon sank to average five. 

But as a careful Senior 

He struggled hard and won. 

His work was now rewarded, 
He captured Polly Con. 

Following the example 
of most of the leading 
colleges of the country the Republi- 
cans of the college held a meeting 
April 26th and unanimously voted to 
form a college Republican club, and 
appointed Pugsley, '92, Emery, '92, and Rich, '92, as 
a committee to draw up a constitution. At a later 
meeting this constitution was adopted. About a 
hundred students have been enrolled as members. 

Michaels, '94, is out teaching. 

Hersey, '92, has returned to college. 

F. J. Allen, '90, visited the campus recently. 

E. D. Freeman, '88, paid the college a brief visit 
last week. 

Thompson and Leigh ton, '94, are at home on 
account of sickness. 

Newbert, one of last year's specials, spent a day 
on the campus recently. 

Professor Rogers of Maine State College, Bow- 
doin, 77, visited town last week. 

Dewey, '95, has gone out teaching, and will be 
greatly missed by the Freshman Crew. 

The A A 4> and 8 A X tennis tournaments were 
started last week and are now well under way. 

Professor Lee has been confined to the house 
nearly two weeks by a severe attack of rheumatism. 

The Bowdoin Minstrels will appear in Portland 
the 18th of the present month at the Elks's benefit. 

The Junior Mineralogy division have been en- 
joying several adjourns lately given as an oppor- 
tunity to hunt for specimens. 

The Alpha Delta Phi boarding club has followed 
Mrs. Kaler from Page Street to a larger and more 
commodious house on Pleasant Street. 

Fishing trips seem to be quite propular this 
spring, notwithstanding the fact that the anglers 
usually arrive home with empty baskets. 

Plaisted, '94, will return to college in a few 
weeks. It is hoped that he will be able to take 
part in the last ball games of the season. 

Mitchell, '90, principal of the Freeport High 
School, was in town lately with a number of his 
graduating class, including several prospective '96 

Chandler, '90, ex-editor of the Okient, was seen 
about the college recently, and his new Mackintosh 
has been seen still more recently adorning the 
manly form of one of '92's athletes. 

The subjects for the second Sophomore themes 
of the term are: (1) Bowdoin's Present, (2) Is the 
Chinese Exclusion Bill Justifiable ? (3) What Gives 
Hawthorne's Stories Their Peculiar Charm ? 

Work on the new Art Building will begin at 
once and be vigorously pushed. The site chosen is 
near the main path of the campus nearly opposite 
Appleton Hall, and the plans show that the building 
will be a great addition to the campus. 

The Living Whist at Bath, in which Lazell, '92, 
P. Shaw, '93, Dana, '94, Roberts and Knowlton, '95, 
participated, proved a great success. Quite a large 
number of the boys attended and all pronounced 
the evening well spent. Why not try it in Bruns- 

The Sophomore crew is now rowing as follows : 
Buck (captain), bow; Thomas, 2; T. C. Chapman, 
3; Stevens, stroke. They are fast improving their 
stroke. The Freshmen have lost Dewey and 
Mitchell from their crew, which will probably pull 
as follows: Bryant, bow; Kimball, 2; Dennison, 3 ; 
Mead, stroke. 



Bowdoin will have another minstrel show. 
Nearly all of last year's favorites will take part, 
and the rehearsals already held promise a first- 
class entertainment. 

Unfortunately for the best interests of field 
athletics in the State, Bates and Colby have seen 
fit to object to Bowdoin's reasonable demand that 
the Bowdoin Medical School men be admitted to 
the contests among the other Bowdoin representa- 
tives. Consequently 1892, at least, will see no 
intercollegiate field-day, as Bowdoin can certainly 
not be expected to waive a right which is almost 
universally recognized. 

Owing to the unwarranted interference of the 
night watchmen the reception given the victorious 
ball team on their return from Waterville was not 
as extensive and satisfactory as mauy wished. The 
town authorities, however, were clearly shown that 
the arrests made by the officers were uncalled for, 
and, thanks to the prompt action of President Hyde, 
an arrangement has been made by which the col- 
lege can celebrate its athletic victories in a suitable 
manner aud a due amount of noise without danger 
of interference. 

The College Tennis Tournament will begin Mon- 
day, May 16th, and will be open to all members of 
the college. The committee desire a large number 
of entries in both singles and doubles, and specially 
request that those desiring to enter will hand in 
their names at once to R. C. Payson, '93. Prizes 
will be awarded to the winners of the first and 
second place in singles, and first place in doubles. 
It is proposed to play off the finals for the college 
championship on Memorial Day, May 30th. Nearly 
all the college courts are in constant use, and judg- 
ing from the increased interest in the game the 
tournament should be very successful. It should 
be remembered that the winners in this tourney 
will represent the college at the intercollegiate 
tourney to be held at Portland, June 7th. 

The greatest universities of the world rank, in 
numbers, as follows : Paris with 9,215 students, 
Vienna with 6,220, Berlin with 5,527, Calcutta with 
5,257, London with 5,013, Naples with 4,328, Edin- 
burgh with 3,623, Munich with 3,541, Buda-Pesth 
with 3,533, Athens with 3,500, Moscow with 2,473, 
Leipsic with 3.457, and Madrid with 3,182. 

At the death of Senator Stanford, Stanford Uni- 
versity will receive $20,000,000. 



Portland, 9; Bowdoin, 8. 

On Wednesday, April 27th, Bowdoin met the 
Portlands for the first time this season, and was 
defeated after playing a plucky, up-hill game. 

In the first inning the Portlands piled up six 
runs to their credit, while our team was unable to 
score. At their second chance at the bat the Port- 
land players made only one run, while Bowdoin, as 
in the first, retired without a score. 

Reversing the tables in the third, the home team 
prevented the Portlands from scoring, and at their 
turn sent five men across the home plate. The 
remainder of the game was much more closely played, 
our team winning three scores, and the Portlands 
two, which left the visiting team one run ahead. 

After the first inning Bowdoin played a much 
stronger game than the opposing team. The best 
batting for our team was done by Sykes and Pair- 
banks and in the eighth, Fairbanks made a pretty 
double play. French pitched a very good game, 
although wild at times. The score is as follows : 


A.E. K. B.H. T.E. S.H. P.O. A. E. 

Webster 3 1 1 13 1 

O. Burns, 52120400 

Flavin, 51240310 

C. Burns, 32000002 

Heber, 32000131 

Andrews, 3 1240110 

Dunn, 4 

May, 4 1 4 

Kelley, 2011009 

Totals 33 9 7 12 26 14 4 


A.B. R. B.H. T.E. S.H. P.O. A. E. 

Savage 31110701 

Fairbanks 41230331 

Hinkley 51110113 

Hutchinson, 52220 10 10 

Sykes, 5 1 1 3 2 1 

Anderson 50123000 

Chapman 51220002 

Jones 3 1 2 2 

French, 4 111 

Totals, 40 8 12 16 3 24 16 8 

Innings, ....123456789 
Portlands, ....61011000 x— 9 
Bowdoins, ....00500002 1—8 



Bowdoin, 20; Colby, 16. 

On Saturday, April 30th, Bowdoiu played herfirst 
game in the league series at Waterville and came 
off victorious in a closely contested struggle. 
The feature of the game was the heavy batting, the 
number of long hits being due partly to the heavy 
northern wind which blew down the diamond. 
The interest in the game never flagged, since first 
one side would have the lead and then by a long 
hit or a costly error the tables would be unexpectedly 

On the batting of Hutchinson, Downes, and 
Jones was particularly strong. Allen pitched a 
good game throughout. On the Colbys, Bonney 
and Latlip showed up best on batting. The score : 


A.B. R. B.H. T.B. S.H. P.O. A. E. 

Hall, l.f 63230201 

Kallock, r.f 642 3 0000 

Bonney, lb 73340 801 

Latlip, 3b 63360412 

Hoxie, 2b 42120511 

Reynolds, c 62110810 

Jackson, s. s 6 115 

Nash, c.f., 61231002 

Purinton, p., 61230140 

Totals 53 19 16 25 2 *29 12 7 

* Winning run made with two out. 


A.B. R. B.H. T.B. S.H. P.O. A. E. 

Allen, p., 73461120 

Savage, lb., 622219 02 

Fairbanks, 3b 62241333 

Hinkley, 2b., 62120121 

Hutchinson, c 6 4 4 8 9 3 1 

Downes, r.f., 43330000 

Sykes, s.s., 7 1 1 23 4 4 

Jones, l.f., 53130210 

Chapman, c.f., .... 71240200 

Totals, ... 54 20 20 35 5 30 15 11 


123456789 10 
Colbys, ..10002 6 015 4—19 
Bowdoins, .0401412 12 5—20 
Earned runs — Bowdoins, 3; Colbys, 3. Two-base hits — 
Hinkley, Hutchinson (2), Chapman (2), Hall, Kallock, 
Bonney, Latlip, Hoxie, Nash, Purinton. Three-base 
hits — Allen, Fairbanks, Hutchinson, Jones, Latlip. Stolen 
bases — Allen (3), Fairbanks, Hinkley (3), Hutchinson, 
Downes (2), Jones (2), Hall (2), Kallock (2), Hoxie (2), 
Reynolds (3). Base on balls — Savage, Fairbanks, Hinkley, 
Hutchinson, Downes (3), Jones (2), Latlip, Hoxie, Jack- 
son, Nash. Hit by pitched ball — Hall, Kallock, Hoxie, 
Reynolds. Struck out— Savage, Hinkley (2), Jones (3), 
Chapman, Hall, Kallock, Bonney, Reynolds, Jackson, 
Nash, Purinton. Passed balls — Hutchinson (5), Reynolds 
(3). Wild pitches— Purinton (3), Allen (1). Time— 3 hours 
20 minutes. Umpire — Pushor. 

Bates, 15; Bowdoin, 10. 

The first game of the season between Bates and 
Bowdoin was played here, Wednesday, May 4th, and 
resulted in an easy victory for Bates. 

The Bates men made five runs in the first 
inning, and five more in the third, due to the poor 
pitching of French who forced in several runs by 
bases on balls. After the third, Jones took the 
place of French in the box and our team played a 
good up-hill game, but was unable to make up for 
the heavy gain of Bates in the first and third. On 
the Bates team Mildram pitched till the eighth 
inning when Pennell took bis place. The score : 

Hoffman, 2b., 
Wilson, c.f., p., 
Putnam, l.f., . 
Pennell, lb., . 
Wakefield, 3b., 
Pulsifer, s.s., . 
Campbell, r.f., 
Emery, c, . . 
Mildram, p., . 

A.B. R. B.H. T.B. S.H. P.O. 

3 110 3 


Totals, ... 35 15 12 16 2 *26 18 
* Chapman hit by batted ball. 


Allen, c, 
Savage, lb., 
Fairbanks, 3b 
Hinkley, l.f., 
Hutchinson, 2b., 
Downes, r.f., 
Sykes, s.s., 
Chapman, c.f 
Jones, p., 
French, p., 



















. 40 10 14 18 6 24 17 



Bates, . . 

5 4 




Earned runs — Bates, 2; Bowdoins, 2. Two-base hits — 
Campbell, Hutchinson, Chapman. Three-base hit— Hutch- 
inson. Home run— Putnam. Stolen bases — Hoffman (2), 
Pennell, Campbell (2), Emery (3), Mildram, Allen, Savage, 
Fairbanks, Hinkley, Downes (2), Sykes. Base on balls- 
Hoffman (3), Wakefield (2), Campbell (2), Emery (3), 
Savage (2), Fairbanks, Hinkley, Sykes. Struck out — 
Putnam, Hinkley (2), Hutchinson. Passed balls — Emery 
(2), Allen. Wild pitches— Jones (2). Time— 2h. 15m. 
Umpire— Scannell of Lewiston. 

Bates, 25; Bowdoin, 10. 
On Saturday, May 7th, Bates defeated our team 
at Lewiston even more severely than on Wednesday. 
Jones was weak in the box and in the eighth 



was succeeded by Allen, while Hutchinson took 
Allen's place behind the bat. Downes or "Balboa" 
made a phenomenal catch in right field, and good 
catches were also made by Sykes and Chapman. 
On the Bates team the batting of Pulsifer was re- 
markable and their general play excellent. 

A large number of the boys went up to Lewis- 
ton to see the game. Most of them returned before 
the end of the game, bearing news by no means 
pleasant to those who remained at home. The 
score is as follows : 


A.E. K. B.H. T.E. P.O. A. E. 

Hoffman, 2b 2 4 1 1 5 

Wilson, c.f., . . . . ■ 4 2 1 1 1 

Putnam, l.f. 6 2 2 2 1 1 

Pennell, lb 5 4 1 1 6 1 1 

Wakefield, 3b 4 4 1 2 3 2 1 

Pulsifer, s.s 6 4 5 13 1 1 1 

Campbell, r.f 6 2 2 2 

Emery, c, 4 1 1 1 9 6 

Mildram, p. 5 2 1 1 1 1 1 

Totals 42 25 14 23 27 11 5 


A.E. R. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Allen, c 6 2 4 1 

Savage, lb. 2 2 8 2 2 

Fairbanks, 3b 4 1 1 1 4 1 1 

Downes, r.f 4 3 5 1 1 

Hutchinson, 2b., c., . . 5 1 1 1 2 1 

Hinkley, l.f., 2b 4 1 1 1 2 1 

Chapman, c.f., .... 5 1 1 

Jones, p., l.f., .... 4 1 5 3 

Sykes, s.s., 3 2 2 2 2 6 

Totals 33 10 


9 24 15 15 


6 x— 25 
1 0—10 

Earned runs — Bates, 6; Bowdoins, 1. Two-base hits — 
Wakefield, Pulsifer (2). 'Three-base hit— Downes. Home 
runs — Pulsifer (2). Sacrifice hits— Emery, Mildram, Savage 
(2). Stolen bases — Hoffman (4), Wilson, Pennell (2), 
Campbell (3), Allen, Hinkley. First base on balls— by 
Mildram, 9; by Jones, 9; by Allen, 2. Left on bases- 
Bates, 3; Bowdoins, 7. First base on errors — Bates, 8; 
Bowdoins, 2; Struck out — Putnam, Wakefield (2), Pulsifer, 
Campbell (2), Fairbanks, Downes, Hutchinson (4), Jones 
(2). Double plays — Wakefield and Pennell; Allen, Hink- 
ley, and Fairbanks. Passed balls — Emery, 6; Allen, 2; 
Hutchinson, 1. Wild pitches— Jones, 4. Hit by pitched 
ball — Mildram, Hinkley, Savage. Time— 2h. 40m. Um- 
pire — J. M. Scannell 

The New England tennis championship tourna- 
ment will be held at the grounds of the New Haven 
Lawn Club, June 13th. 

Libby attended the Eastern Deputation Confer- 
ence, held at Dartmouth College, April 14-17, as 
one of the delegates from Maine. He returned with 
a lot of good ideas on association work, and at the 
meeting on Thursday, April 21st, gave an interest- 
ing account of the principal subjects that were 
discussed at the conference. 

One of the points on which considerable stress 
was laid, and which has been spoken of in our 
meetings, seems to be of sufficient importance to be 
mentioned again. It was in regard to the impor- 
tance of systematic Bible study as an aid to asso- 
ciation work. It is one of the principal sources, if 
not the principal one, from which we derive the 
spiritual power, which is so indispensable to the 
successful accomplishment of Christian work. While 
we have no Bible classes this term it is possible 
for each one to devote at least fifteen or twenty 
minutes each day to the study of God's word. 
Although it might seem as if very little could be 
accomplished in so short a time, we think that 
whoever will devote even so little time as fifteen 
minutes a day to the faithful study of the Bible, 
will find, at the end of the term, that he has derived 
much personal benefit from it; and we feel sure 
that our meetings will also show the effects of it, 
and we shall be better prepared to carry on a 
vigorous and aggressive "campaign" next fall. 

The first of a series of deputation meetings was 
held with the Bates College Association, Saturday 
and Sunday, April 23d and 24th. Colby was repre- 
sented by W. B. Tuthill, and Bowdoin by P. J. 
Libby. State Secretary Shelton was also present. 
This meeting is to be followed by similar meetings 
at Colby and Bowdoin, and the several fitting 
schools of the State. The College Associations will 
doubtless be strengthened by these meetings ; and 
it is the aim of the deputations visiting the fitting 
schools to increase the interest in Christian work 
there, and to prepare the Christian men coming 
from these schools to the colleges to at once take 
hold of Christian work. 

The remarkable success of the Northfield Sum- 
mer School for the past six years has led to the 
establishment of a similar gathering which has been 
held for two years at Lake Geneva, Wisconsin, and 



to the inauguration the present year of a similar 
school, to be held at Knoxville, Tenn. 

At Northfleld, which is especially accessible to 
students of the eastern colleges, we are assured of 
such speakers as Rev. Dr. Bristol, of Chicago ; 
Rev. Wilton Merle Smith, Rev. A. F. Schauffler, and 
Anthony Comstock, of New York ; Rev. H. Clay 
Trumbull, of Philadelphia; Rev. A. J. Gordon, of 
Boston ; President Gates, of Amherst ; Major Whit- 
tle, and others. Mr. McConaughy and Mr. R. E. 
Speer, as instructors in Bible-classes, will need no 
introduction to college students. Those who recall 
the rise of the Student Volunteer Movement will 
recognize the name of Mr. John Foreman as one of 
the foremost of its early promoters. His presence 
in this country makes it possible to secure him for 
this gathering. 

A name still more familiar is that of L. D. 
Wishard, the first college secretary, who has lately 
returned from a four-years' tour abroad, and who 
will be at each of the three gatherings to relate 
much that will be of interest concerning student 
movements in other countries. 

It is doubtful if a stronger programme was ever 
presented at such a conference, and it should 
attract an unusually large number, not only of those 
who have attended in the past, but of many to 
whom it may be a most interesting and profitable 
experience. It should be seriously considered by 
many a student in the forming of plans for the first 
weeks of the vacation. 

'26. — There is elsewhere 
in this issue an interesting 
article by Isaac McLellan, the only 
survivor of the class of '26. This 
gentleman has kept up an unflagging 
interest in the welfare of his college, and 
has always been among the first to heed her calls 
for aid. Notwithstanding his eighty-six years of 
faithful service he is one of the most active among 
the alumni, and what is more, one who can always 
be depended upon to do his part. 

'27. — The statue of John P. Hale, which Senator 
Chandler is to present to the State of New Hamp- 

shire, is being executed by Muller, of Munich, and is 
expected to arrive in Concord in May. It will be 
located in the State House Park, and it is probable 
that the unveiling ceremonies will occur in June. 
It is a fitting tribute that a truly great man should 
have erected to his memory some material sign of 
the love and esteem of his countrymen. Although 
this statesman is still a living power in the hearts 
of those who for so many years have associated 
with him in the highest places of his country's trust, 
and saw the firmness with which he withstood oppo- 
sition, standing at times almost alone for the right ; 
yet it is a beautiful thiug that those who come after 
should see some outward token of gratitude from 
those whom he has served so well. 

'37, '50, '61. — Bowdoin was well represented at 
the Republican Convention at Bangor. The meet- 
ing was opened with prayer by Rev. John S. Sewell 
of the Bangor Theological Seminary, '50. Gen. 
Thomas W. Hyde of Bath, '61, was chosen presi- 
dential elector, and John L. Cutter, '37, delegate at 

'44, M. S. of M. — Ivory Brooks, M.D., was born 
June 13, 1816, at Waterborough. He received his 
education at the common schools, and attended for 
a short time the academies at Alfred and Strafford, 
N. H., began his medical studies with Dr. C. F. 
Elliot of Somersworth. N. H., and attended four 
courses of lectures at the Medical School of Maine, 
where he received his degree. He immediately 
settled in Springvale, where he continued to reside 
until his death, April 24th, of Bright's disease. 
For nearly half a century he was an active physi- 
cian and highly respected citizen of his adopted 
town, for over half a century of the time holding 
the commission of trial'justice. He was married in 
1861, but his wife died before him. They leave one 

'48, M. S. of M.— Jabez Woodman Murray, M.D., 
was born at Lewiston, December 22, 1823. He 
received his early education at Lewiston Falls 
Academy, studied medicine with Dr. Alonzo Gar- 
celon (Bowdoin, '36), attended three courses of 
lectures at the Maine Medical School, from which 
he received his degree. He settled at Madrid, 
where he continued iu successful practice for twenty- 
five years, after spending several months in the 
hospitals of London, Paris, and other foreign cities. 
He resided for three years in his native city. In 
U374 he removed with his family to Minneapolis, 
where he continued in active practice until his 
death, April 19th. Dr. Murray was a prominent 
Mason and Knight Templar, a member of the Maine 



and Miunesota Medical Association, and president 
of the Hennepin County Medical Society. Of his 
standing in his profession a fellow practitioner 
writes as follows : " Dr. Murray was looked upon as 
the ablest man in all departments of medicine we 
ever had in Minneapolis. His judgment was far 
superior to that of any other man in the profession 
in this city. He was a student, always reading and 
always experimenting. He kept well up to the 
great progress which the profession has made in the 
last fifteen or twenty years. No man could have 
been more faithful than he to his patients, to his 
family, and to his friends. At the same time he 
was a man of kindly and charitable impulses, who 
was always ready to say a kind and encouraging 
word or do a charitable act." His wife and two 
children survive him. 

'49. _The Orient extends its sympathy to Mr. 
Llewellyn Deane, who it seems is suffering under 
more than his share of misfortunes. His wife died 
in the latter part of March. On April 21st the res- 
idence at Kensington, near Washington, to which 
Mr. Deane had moved not more than a year ago, 
was destroyed by fire, the family narrowly escaping. 
Mr. Deane, who was just convalescing from a 
severe illness, was badly burned on the arms and 
had to be carried to the Providence Hospital. 

'54, and others. — Among the officers of the Frye- 
burg Academy Alumni Association of Residents in 
Boston and Vicinity, recently elected, are : Henry 
Hyde Smith, '54, one of the vice-presidents, and 
Rev. F. A. Wilson, 73, C. A. Page, 70, and W. W. 
Towle, '81, of the executive committee. 

'54, M. S. of M. — George Montgomery, a well- 
known New England physician, died in New York, 
March 17th. He was born in Strafford, N. H., in 1834, 
graduated from the Medical School of Maiue in his 
20th year, studied medicine and began practice in 
his native State. During the Civil War he served 
as surgeon with a company of New Hampshire 
volunteers. In 1873 he removed to Newburyport, 
Mass., where he continued in practice until eight 
weeks ago when enfeebled by over-work he came to 
visit his daughter in New York. 

'61. — Prof. A. S. Packard has an interesting and 
instructive article in the Popular Science Monthly 
for May, on " Why We Should Teach Geology." 

'6fi. — George F. Holmes, Esq., for many years 
one of the most prominent members of Cumberland 
Bar, died Sunday evening, March 6th. He was 
born at Oxford, Me., November 5, 1844, and was 
therefore in his forty-eighth year. His early life 
was passed at the family homestead at Oxford. 

Soon after graduation he went to Portland and 
entered the law office of Shepley & Strout as a stu- 
dent. He was admitted to the bar in 1869, and 
entered at once into practice. He was for many 
years in partnership with A. A. Strout, Esq., 71, and 
later with F. C. Paysou, 76. He was married in 
1875, and his widow and one child, a daughter, 
survive him. Because of lack of information we 
have to apologize for the tardy appearance of the 

'68.— Dr. Charles O. Whitman, Professor in the 
department of Biology at Clark University, has re- 
signed to accept a position in the new university of 

'68.— Rev. George M. Bodge has resigned the 
pastorate of the Unitarian church at East Boston 
to accept a call to Leominster, Mass. 

71.— From an interesting letter received from 
Prof. E. F. Davis we take the liberty to publish the 
following. And right here perhaps it would be well 
to say that it is desired to make this department a 
personal one, as its name signifies, and we should 
be glad to receive more personal letters. Professor 
Davis thus speaks of his work : " I am doing noth- 
ing extraordinary, but endeavoring to do ordinary 
things in the best way I can. Our institution 
(Penn. State College) is young and prosperous. 
The legislature of the State has within the last 
decade made large appropriations, thus enabling 
the college to erect needed buildings, furnish appli- 
ances, and otherwise enlarge its work. We received 
$150,000 about a year ago and shall probably get 
as much more next winter. The number of stu- 
dents increases yearly. Our last Freshman class 
numbered about sixty at entering. The teaching 
force is necessarily increased each year. I have 
charge of the work of the English Department, 
teaching Rhetoric, Oratory, Old English, and En- 
glish Literature. English Philology forms a very 
important feature. In addition to regular daily 
duties, I take my turn with the local preachers in 
supplying the college pulpit on Sundays." 

72.— Ex-Mayor Marcellus Coggan, of Maiden, 
was one of the counsel for defense in the famous 
trial at East Cambridge, Mass., of Trefethen and 
Smith, charged with murdering Tena Davis, 
formerly of Bethel, Me. 

'89. — John R. Clark is connected with a big 
publishing house in Minneapolis. 

The first college paper was published at Dart- 
mouth in 1800, and is said to have been edited by 
Daniel Webster. — Bema. 



They met at a party ; 

' Twas love at first sight. 
The two were made one 

In just a fortnight. 

Repenting at leisure 

As wiser it grew, 
In just half a year 

The one was made two. 

That two are made one 

By division, ' tis true. 
But how by division 

Can one be made two ? 

— Williams Weekly. 

Congregationalism bas Yale, Unitarianism has 
Harvard, Presbyterianism bas Princeton, Colum- 
bia is Episcopalian, and the Chicago University is 

W. D. Rockefeller has given another $1,000,000 
for the endowment fund of Chicago University. 
This increases his gifts to the university to $2,600,- 
000, the largest amount of money ever given by 
one person to an American educational movement. 
President Andrews, of Brown, has been called to a 
professorship, but will probably decline. The uni- 
versity will open with no less than half a million 
volumes in its library. 

Of al! the wonders of my life 

The greatest wonder this is, 
How Cupid a good shot can be, 
Yet make so many Mrs. 

— Ex. 

The Phi Beta Kappa key may not wind any 
watch but there is a certain charm about it after 
all. — Brunonian. 

" The professors are wrong," said the student at college, 

" In giving me marks that are low. 
For, with Huxley, I think that the height of all knowledge 
Is in the three words ' I don't know ! ' " 

— Trinity Tablet. 

Harvard's shell for the June race will be twenty 
pounds lighter than any previous boat built for the 

Harvard, Yale, Princeton, and Columbia will 
hold a chess tournament during Christmas week of 
1892, for a $400 cap, contributed by the alumni of 
the colleges. 


Said he, " your lips look just delicious," . 

And she, in sweet, blushing confusion, 
Made answer both wise and capricious, 

" Pray draw no such hasty conclusion." 

— Williams Weekly. 

The daily practice of the base-ball and athletic 
teams, the rehearsals of the glee, banjo, mandolin, 
and operatic clubs, the appearance of the college 
publications, and, incidentally, the holding of a few 
recitations, remind us that school is keeping again. 

There was a young man from Lenore, 
Who wished his sad life were o'er ; 
So he joined an eleven 
And went straight to heaven ; 
And bucked through St. P. at the door. 

Statistics show that, in 1850, 75 per cent, of the 
students in the colleges and universities of this 
country were farmer's sons, while in 1890 there 
were only 3 per cent. 

A base-ball cage is to be erected at the Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania. The alumni have pledged 
two-thirds of the funds and the college one-third. 

The gymnasium at Brown is open every evening 
to enable men to train for the coming exhibition. 

OUR / 0f Your Societ y Bac| g e wi " be 

I Mailed to You through your 

HtW J Chapter upon Application. 


Wright, Kay & Co. 

Manufacturers of Finest Plain and Jeweled Society Badges. 



565 Congress St., - PORTLAND, ME. 


Vol. XXII. 


No. 3. 





C. W. Peabody, '93, Managing Editor. 

H. C. Fabyan, '93, Assistant Managing Editor. 

R. E. Goodell, '93, Business Manager. 

W. P. Chamberlain, '93. H. E. Andrews, '91. 

M. S. Clifford, '93. F. J. Libby, '94. 

F. M. Shaw, '93. F. W. Pickard, '94. 

B. L. Bryant, '95. 

Per annum, in advance, 
Single Copies, 

15 Cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Manager. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Manager. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Rhyme and Reason Department should be 
sent to Box 1100, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should be sent to Box 997, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post -Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 

Vol. XXII., No. 3.— May 25, 1892. 

Editorial Notes, 33 

Our Public Schools, 34 

A Surprise, 36 

Rhyme and Reason : 

The Whispering Pines, 39 

A Summer Shower, 39 

Collegii Tabula, 40 

Athletics, 42 

Y. M. C. A., 43 

Personal 43 

College World, 46 

It is possible even in three years' time 
to note the progress of class and college sen- 
timent toward civilization. The spirit of 
lawlessness seems to have been one of the 
traditions of university life, originating in 
times when society acquiesced in it, and 
retaining its hold among the students long 
after it was eradicated from societ} 7 . Bow- 
doin was not one of the first colleges to 
modernize its social sj'stem, but the silent 
and steady change which has been taking 
place within the last few years has certainly 
placed it well toward the front in the race. 
The means by which this improvement has 
been brought about were gradual. The 
President has realized that it takes a gener- 
ation to establish any reform ; but as a col- 
lege generation is only four years in length, 
the task was not so hopeless as might be 
thought. In the matter of hazing, perhaps 
the greatest results have been brought about. 
There is now at least one class in college 
which has absolutely no practical knowledge 
of hazing. It remains to be seen whether 
that class will attempt to revive any of the 
old conditions which it knows from report 
to have existed. This is unlikely, as any 
movement in that direction is even now 
considered childish. The destruction of 
property is another evil which is fast disap- 
pearing. A few years ago the demolition of 



recitation rooms was not an uncommon 
occurrence. We do not wish to predict that 
such an event will never occur again, but it 
certainly could not now happen with the 
consent of a whole class. There are still 
individuals who have not outgrown their 
childishness and who love to smash things 
and to set fires, but nothing of any conse- 
quence can be done against the sentiment 
of the students, and that sentiment is for 
assisting in the improvement of the college, 
both in its social and in its material interests. 

TITHE tennis plaj^ers and other thirsty 
-*■ mortals are missing the Paradise Spring 
water which they had last fall. Are we not 
going to indulge in this luxury again? 
Though, as a sanitary precaution, it may not 
be so urgently demanded as it was in the 
fall, yet it is certainly better than the 
hydrant water, and it would be appreciated 
by the students. While money is being 
appropriated for improving the buildings, 
would it not be worth while to make some 
arrangement for a permanent supply of 
spring water on the campus? Although the 
Water Company may furnish good water 
most of the time, we know that it cannot be 
depended on in a dry season, and it is then 
that there is the greatest necessity for pure 
water. If the college had a supply of its 
own, a great deal of sickness in the fall and 
winter could be prevented. 

TPHE whisperer is causing a good deal of 
•^ unnecessary annoyance in the library. 
While there is no prominent notice, " Con- 
versation Prohibited, "posted on the walls, any 
more than there are, " Keep Off the Grass," 
signs about the campus, it is expected that 
every man will show some regard for the 
general welfare. We hope, however, that it 
is only ignorance of the common etiquette 
of public reading-rooms that leads some of 

the students to persist in carrying on ex- 
tended conversations in the library when 
others are trying to read. 

Our Public Schools. 

TITHE man who takes upon himself to bring 
-1 to light a public defect undertakes a 
task as thankless as it is penniless. But as 
long as we shirk the duty, so long will the 
defect remain concealed and unremedied. If 
you tell the intellectual citizen of this State 
that our public schools are standing to-day 
where those of Massachusetts stood twenty 
years ago, you reveal to him an unpleasant 
fact, but a fact nevertheless. 

That, in this age of steam, electricity, and 
modern improvement, when we are eager to 
seize upon every invention to aid physical 
labor and bring about external improvement, 
the children of the public schools, wherein 
the great majority of pupils receive their 
only mental training, which is to fit them to 
become intelligent voters and citizens of the 
State, that these children should be per- 
mitted to plod along under the same clumsy 
methods of instruction as their fathers before 
them, when other methods much better have 
been in successful use in other states, shows 
that the farmer or business man directs his 
thoughts more to the soil mellowed by the 
new harrow, or the fabric made more beau- 
tiful by the improved loom, than to the edu- 
cation of his children. In most of the smaller 
towns of the State the child learns his A, 
B, C's in precisely the same manner as his 
grandfather did before him, perhaps under 
the instruction of the elderly sister, cousin, 
or aunt of the school agent, as the old dis- 
trict system is still in vogue in one-third of 
the towns. Here also he may be able to 
work out the catch problems, and sums that 
never would come up in practical life, yet if 
you give him a sheet of paper and tell him 
to make out a bill of merchandise, or write 



a Holmes' note, he would be entirely at loss 
how to proceed. Such a man goes into busi- 
ness. A problem comes up in his transactions; 
if he can remember what rule it comes under, 
all good and well, if not he turns back to 
the doggerel volume of his youth and seeks 
to place it somewhere among those principles, 
which, parrot-like, he learned and succeeded 
in remembering long enough to do the few 
examples which came under it, with no 
thought of its having any connection with 
practical life. In the same manner a scholar 
is able to parse correctly every word in a 
sentence, but make half a dozen grammatical 
errors in his own speech in so doing. 

In the larger towns and cities of the 
State the word method of reading is coming 
into use and is having great success, as it is 
only natural for the child to read in the same 
way he is taught to speak, by the use of 
words instead of letters. But Massachu- 
setts is now ready to take a step higher, and 
in some of her schools the pupil is now 
taught by sentences instead of words. In 
one of the schools of Boston I had the good 
fortune to listen Uj a class in mental arith- 
metic, composed of boys and girls from ten 
to thirteen years of age, and what was my 
surprise when Prof. Clapp gave out to them 
examples, not only in interest involving 
months and days, but in square and cube 
root of two places of figures, and almost in- 
stantaneously up would go the hands and the 
answer be given, almost invariably correct, 
before I could write down the figures on 
paper. Such a feat is truly wonderful to 
one who has set his standard by the town 
schools in this State, and shows only the more 
clearly what we have yet to accomplish to 
give the children of Maine an equal footing 
with those of our sister State. 

But some one says that our systems are 
improving; to be sure, but with fatal slowness. 
That the towns are not yet ready to adopt 
new methods has been well illustrated by 

what happened in a town of some two thou- 
sand inhabitants a short time ago. A gen- 
tleman was elected to the board of super- 
visors who had always lived in a city, where 
the instruction and modes of teaching were 
on a more elevated scale. He gave his time 
to remodeling the schools, introducing a new 
system of text-books, and was preparing, to 
a certain extent, to grade the schools as far 
as possible, and thus give each scholar an 
equal opportunity, and.the teacher more time 
to devote to the different subjects. As it 
now is every scholar wishes to begin just 
where he left off the term before, no matter 
whether he knows anything or not about 
what he has been over; thus the teacher is 
confronted in a school of twenty pupils, with 
as many classes, and but little progress can 
be made. But, notwithstanding the efforts 
of this gentleman, he was almost entirely 
without the support of the citizens. At the 
next annual meeting, at the instigation of a 
man well known and holding a high position 
in the State, he was put out of office and his 
methods overthrown. This prominent man 
prefaced his remarks by, " What is good 
enough for me is good enough for my chil- 
dren." But every day he shows that what 
was good enough for his ancestors he himself 
could not be content with. He would make 
a very wry face if he was forced to fare as 
the hardy woodsman less than a century ago. 
His grace would find the saddle and coach a 
sorry contrast to the easy carriage and soft 
cushions of the palace car which he enjoys 
to-day. Preaching is one thing, practice 
quite another. Never in the great advance 
of civilization was the truth more clearly 
demonstrated, that what the fathers and 
mothers of twenty or thirty years ago found 
adequate for all their needs will not do for 
their child to-day. A state of progress like 
the State of Maine should nourish well the 
main root of all intellectual advancement, 
instead of letting it struggle along by itself 



choked by the last year's neglected weeds, if 
it wishes to enjoy the results of a fruitful 

Another great drawback to the advance- 
ment of the schools is the lack of sufficient 
funds to pay experienced teachers. Most of 
the towns raise just money enough to barely 
cover the law, and consider it money wasted, 
and cry the great burden of taxation if a few 
hundred dollars is asked for to defray the 
expenses of a free high school. A certain 
town in the State, which is but a fair sample 
of many others, cheerfully voted to tax them- 
selves, without a murmur, for eight thou- 
sand dollars at one time and three thousand 
at another towards building factories to start 
in a new business men with plenty of money 
of their own, but when eight hundred dol- 
lars were asked for the support of a free high 
school to educate their own children, imme- 
diately the cry of taxes was raised, which 
mounted up so rapidly that it was creditably 
reported, and believed by some in the oppo- 
sition, that a man's poll tax would be raised 
from two to four dollars. Before any im- 
portant changes can be made in the school 
system the people must be aroused to the 
fact that there is need of change. No one 
can realize this more fully than the student 
who enters college from one of these small 
towns and tries to compete w r ith fellow- 
students who have had the advantage of the 
best city schools. Thus no one can be better 
fitted to undertake the task of waking up 
the citizens to the fact that, if they wish their 
children to hold equal positions of honor and 
intellectual ability with those of sister states, 
they must at least grant to them equal op- 

A Surprise. 

TTTVERY morning as I went to school in a 
*-*■ small but thriving city in Illinois, my 
eyes were sure to fall upon a large, gilt- 
lettered sign, "Bennett & Potter, Bankers," 

which, as it glittered in the morning sunlight, 
suggested something of the wealth of gold 
and silver deposited within. 

"Bennett & Potter" had quite a different 
meaning to me as I became acquainted with 
the firm. The Bennett and Potter families 
were always on the most intimate terms. 
The partnership seemed to include the house- 
holds as well as the genial gentlemen at their 
heads. Bennett and Potter had been in 
business together for twenty years, and the 
bond of friendship between the families had 
grown stronger with each succeeding year. 

Mr. Bennett, the senior member of the 
firm, was the father of two children. The 
son, Harry, was about two years older than 
his sister May. Mr. Potter had but one 
child, Frank, who was nearly the same age 
as his friend, Harry Bennett. These three 
were together almost constantly from child- 
hood. They went to the same school and 
were always in the same classes, and a more 
congenial company would have been hard 
to find. 

At about the age of nineteen, the two 
sons, having graduated at the high school, 
decided, with the consent of their parents, to 
try their fortunes in the far West. They 
were both houest and industrious, and en- 
joyed the full confidence of their relatives 
and friends. 

After much consultation and planning, 
the fathers considered it the best thing the 
boys could do. They had themselves started 
in business on their own account when quite 
young, and knew from experience that the 
best possible training for a young man was 
to let him shift for himself. 

They were to go to Colorado and start a 
cattle ranch on their own account. The 
mothers reluctantly gave their consent; so 
with two thousand dollars each, and the good 
advice of their fathers and the tears and 
blessings of their mothers, they left their 
comfortable and almost luxurious homes to 



brave the dangers and endure the hardships 
of frontier life. 

The new firm of Bennett & Potter were 
soon located in one of the best counties in 
the new State of Colorado, many hundred 
miles from their old home. The minds of 
the two young men were so thoroughly taken 
up with the new situation, however, that 
they did not think of being homesick. Both 
inherited many of the excellent business 
qualities of the elder firm, among which were 
grit, energy, good judgment, and determina- 
tion to succeed. 

They selected a large tract of beautiful 
rolling prairie land, which they bought of 
the government at a dollar and a quarter an 
acre, and proceeded to stock it at once with 
yearling steers, and to build a sod-house for 
themselves and a stable for their ponies. 

After the novelt}' of the situation wore 
off, the parents received many homesick let- 
ters from the young cowboys, as Harry's 
sister called them. She, too, received her 
share of the correspondence from her "broth- 
ers," for Frank was almost as -much of a 
brother to her as Harry, though some of 
Frank's letters could hardly be construed 
as letters to a sister. 

Three, years passed before either of the 
boys thought seriously of returning to their 
old home for a visit. It was impossible for 
both to leave at the same time, for their herd 
had now increased so greatly as to require 
the entire attention of at least one of the 
owners and the two cowboys whom they had 
hired. Times were good and the boys were 
on the sure road to wealth. 

At last Harry said he could stand it no 
longer; he must see his mother and sister. 
So it was arranged that he should take five 
carloads of cattle to the Chicago market, 
and return by way of his old home for a 
visit of one week. 

Arrived in Chicago, Harry, remembering 
the taunt of his sister about being a cowboy, 

and remembering, also, that he held a very 
respectable place in society at home, dis- 
carded his high boots and broad-brimmed 
hat for a more genteel-looking costume. 
His "roughing it" had not had any serious 
effects upon his formerly polished manners, 
and he would have been taken for anything 
but a cowboy in his new outfit. 

Harry's visit, home was a great surprise, 
as no one knew of his coming. Like most 
young men at his age he had changed much 
in appearance; so much, indeed, that few of 
his old frieuds knew him at first. His visit 
home seemed very short, as it was necessary 
for him to return to the ranch in a few days. 
His stories of frontier life were very inter- 
esting and many of his adventures truly 
exciting. It would probably be four or five 
years, he said, before he could come home 
again, as it would be Frank's turn next. 

Two years passed after Harry's first visit 
home, and Frank's parents began to look 
for a visit from their son. The letters from 
the boys were more than satisfactory to the 
elder Bennett and Potter, who were highly 
pleased with the remarkable success of their 
two sons. The two old gentlemen looked 
forward to the time when the sons would 
come home to stay and take charge of the 
bank. Mr. Potter felt sure that Frank 
meant to come home unannounced in order 
to surprise them, and often talked about it. 

About sunset one evening, as Mr. Bennett 
was sitting on the broad piazza in front of 
his house, quietly smoking a cigar and 
thinking over the transactions of the day, a 
young man, neatly dressed and with a rather 
handsome face, stepped up the street briskly, 
opened the gate, and advanced to m^et Mr. 
Bennett. He was tall, dark, and well formed, 
wore a black moustache, and carried himself 
with much ease. 

"Good evening, Mr. Bennett,"_ said he 
as he drew near, while a suppressed smile 
played about the corners of his mouth. 



Mr. Bennett arose slowly, fixing his keen 
eyes upon the young man inquiringly. 

" I thought I should surprise you," said 
the young man, laughing. Is it possible 
that you have forgotten Frank Potter?" 

"Well, well!" exclaimed Mr. Bennett. 
"You did surprise me indeed, Frank. How 
glad I am to see j r ou ! I didn't expect to 
find you quite so tall, nor, if you will allow 
me to say it, quite so good looking; but I 
think I can recognize your features now 
very well. That moustache has changed 
your looks wonderfully." 

They sat down after the greetings usual 
on such occasions and Frank explained that 
he had come home the night before by way 
of Chicago; that he had spent the day at 
home; that he had cautioned his father not 
to tell Mr. Bennett about his return, so that 
he might surprise him ; and that he had 
brought a friend with him from the West, 
whose home was in New Hampshire, and 
who was in the cattle business on a neigh- 
boring ranch. 

While they were talking, Miss May 
Bennett came out of the house. Frank 
immediately sprang to his feet to greet her. 
She was surprised, of course, at his unex- 
pected greeting, but thought at once of her 
old friend. 

"Well, Frank!" she exclaimed, "Why 
didn't you let us know you were coming 
home ? We feared you would not come this 
summer. How you have changed ! I can 
scarcely realize that this is Frank Potter." 

She was proud of her "brother," as she 
called him, as he stood by her side. He 
seemed to be equally proud of her, but 
wincecj a little when she called him brother. 

The trio then passed into the house, the 
lamps were lighted, and they began to talk 
over Frank's long experience in the West, 
and about what had happened at home since 
he had gone. Then the conversation turned 
upon their old school-days, Frank said that 

since he had gone away from the old scenes, 
he had recalled each event of his school-days 
a thousand times, and one would have thought 
as much from the vividness with which he 
related them and recalled the names of his 
old schoolmates. 

They talked until quite late ; so late, in 
fact, that Mr. Bennett persuaded Frank to 
stay all night, promising to take him home 
in the carriage in the morning. Before retir- 
ing, Frank made arrangements with Miss 
Bennett to go on a drive into the country 
with him and his mother the next day. 

The next morning, as Mr. Bennett and 
Frank were driving toward Mr. Potter's 
residence, they met Mrs. Potter driving in a 
phaeton in the opposite direction. Frank 
tipped his hat politely as he bade his mother 
good morning. She bowed and smiled 
pleasantly as she drove by. Frank said his 
mother was on her way to get May for their 
drive into the country. 

On reaching the street upon which the 
bank was situated, Frank said he must see 
his friend for a few moments on important 
business, as his friend was intending to leave 
on the next train for his Eastern home, and 
asked Mr. Bennett to wait for him. He 
stepped into an office near by where his 
friend met him. They talked together for 
several minutes; then Frank came out and, 
excusing himself for having delayed him 
so long, told Mr. Bennett that his friend 
insisted on the immediate settlement of an 
account which he had with him for twenty- 
five thousand dollars on a cattle deal, and 
that he, not expecting to be called upon to 
pay it at once, had ordered the draft, in 
payment for the cattle sold a few days 
before, to be sent to Harry ; thereupon Mr. 
Bennett at once volunteered a loan of the 
amount until Frank could hear from his 

They then drove to the bank, where Mr. 
Bennett gave Frank the money, taking his 



note for the amount. Frank thanked him 
heartily and asked him to wait at the bank 
until he should deliver the money to the 
man, when he would return and they would 
proceed to Mr. Potter's, where his mother 
and May were probably waiting for him. 

Mr. Potter had not j'et come down to 
the bank that morning, so Mr. Bennett had 
plenty to do while waiting for Frank. He 
waited an hour, but Frank did not appear. 
Two hours passed and still he did not come. 
Mr. Bennett thought it very strange, but 
supposed that Frank had met some of his 
old friends and could not get away. At last 
Mr. Potter came in, from whom Mr. Bennett 
learned, to his great surprise and bewilder- 
ment, that Frank had not been at home at 
all. Mr. Bennett telegraphed to Harry 
immediately, asking where Frank was, and 
soon received the reply that Frank was on 
the ranch with him. Then Mr. Bennett 
realized fully that he was the victim of one 
of the boldest confidence games ever at- 

Detectives were at once put on the track 
of the 3'oung man who played the part of 
the banker's son so well, but no trace of him 
was ever discovered. It is still a great 
mystery how the sharper obtained such 
minute details of the life and history of 
Frank Potter, as to play the part without 
awakening the least suspicion in the minds 
of the rich banker and his daughter. 

Oberlin College has received a sum of over 
$90,000, which it attributes to its steadfastness 
in adhering to an unpopular cause in the ante- 
bellum days. The gift comes from the estate of 
Mr. Spooner, of Boston, now deceased, a strong 
abolitionist, who once wrote a vigorous anti-slavery 
article, which was quoted and made much of at 
Oberlin and the college was made his residuary 

Tufts is to admit women hereafter according to 
the vote of the trustees recently. 

The Whispering Pines. 

Manifold the charms of Bowdoin: — 

Still old students love to tell 

Of the green and shady campus 

That they used to know so well ; 

Of their room ; their dearest comrade, 

Round whose heart theirs still entwines ; 

And the joyful, fragrant blessings 

Of the dear, old, whispering Pines. 

When the breeze sweeps thro' their branches 

When the heat is far and wide ; 

When the suu shines in his glory, 

And the world is scorched outside ; 

Then to students, toiling, puzzling 

Over Greek in hard-wrought lines, 

Like some sweet and soothing music, 

Comes the whispering of the Pines. 

May their music ne'er be silenced — 
Still the breezes with them play, 
Still be wafting drowsy murmurs 
Thro' the long, sunshiny day. 
Let the pomp of innovation 
Open unto us new shrines; 
May we never cease to worship 
Bowdoin's dear, old, whispering Pines. 

A Summer Shower. 

A window open up on high ; 

A blue and cloudless summer sky; 

A Freshman slowly strolling by ; 

That's all. 

A dark cloud, high above him lowers ; 
Then, one of those most sudden showers, 
Not wholly caused by natural powers, 
Begins to fall. 

The air around, a little blue ; 

A Freshraau nettled, ''just a few "; 

But nothing that at all is new, 

" Quick curtain call. 

Harvard has a larger Republican club than any 
other college in the country. The University of 
Michigan is second. 



At last work on the new 
Art Building has begun in 
earnest. The work of excavating is 
going on rapidly and gives one a good 
idea of the real size of the building, 
which will cover more ground than 
almost any building on the campus. 

Card, '38, was in town last week. 

Jackson, '91, was in chapel recently. 

Professor Lee's illness still continues. 

Emerson Hilton, '91, was in Brunswick last 

The barges are in great demand these warm 
spring days. 

Colby and Stone have left college for the remain- 
der of the year. 

"Bill" Goding, '88, spent last Sunday and Mon- 
day in Brunswick. 

Thompson, '94, who has been quite seriously ill, 
has returned to college. 

The first hand-organ of the season ventured on 
the campus the other day. 

W. 0. Hersey, '92, has again beeu called home 
by the illness of his father. 

Kimball, '92, who has been at home nursing a 
sprained ankle for a week, has returned. 

Leighton, '94, who has been at home for a month 
on account of sickness, has returned to college. 

Pendleton and Spillane, '90, have both paid 
brief visits to the campus within the last two 

Owing to the trouble with his eyes Professor 
Wells was compelled to discontinue his recitations 
for several days. 

Owen, Moore & Co., of Portland, have offered 
one of their best Bowdoin Racquets as one of the 
prizes for the college tournament. 

Lombard, '94, has been out teaching the past 
month, and has been supplying the pulpit of the 
West Harpswell church for several Sundays. 

Rideout and Staples, '89, were in town and took 
in the ball game, May 14th. Mitchell, '90, also came 
from home to see the contest. 

A good-sized blaze in the college woods, back 
of the President's bouse, caused quite an excite- 
ment recently. But little damage was done. 

The question "Who Stole the Rooster" will be 
argued in the Town Hall, May 24th, and a lively 
time is anticipated. Several of the boys take part. 

The Freshman crew is taking daily practice on 
the river and making considerable improvement in 
their stroke. The absence of Dewey, however, is 

still felt. 

The work of improving the campus still goes 
on. The trees are being trimmed and several 
unsightly clumps of shrubs and bushes have been 
cut down. 

A game was announced between the Pioneers, of 
Lewiston, and the college team for May J lth, but 
owing to the unfavorable weather the game could 
not be played. 

Stevens, '94, who has been stroking the Soph- 
omore crew, has been quite ill for nearly two weeks. 
If he finds himself unable to row it will seriously 
cripple the crew. 

Mr. J. A. Barclay, of Bridgeport, Ct., made a 
brief address in the chapel, Sunday afternoon, May 
15th. Senator Poor, of Sebago, and Jackson, '91, 
were also present. 

The College Quartet went to Farmington, May 
20th, and took part in the high school entertain- 
ment at that place. They report a successful enter- 
tainment and a pleasant time. 

Owing to lack of support the proposed May 
German was given up, and an assembly substituted 
last Thursday evening, which was greatly enjoyed 
by the few couples in attendance. 

The subjects for the Sophomore themes, due 
May 25th, are: (1) Bowdoin's Future, (2) Do We 
Need New Athletic Grounds for Our Field-Day 
Sports? (3) Summer Reading. 

It is reported that the Freshmen recently thought 
it their duty to block up one of the recitation rooms. 
As usual, however, Mr. Booker came out ahead in 
the race with over an hour to spare. 

Brunswick rarely has such a musical treat as 
that afforded by Gilmore on last Thursday. The 
soloists were all of exceptional merit, and the band 
itself fully sustained its high reputation. 



The second game with Bates, played at Lewiston, 
May 7th, was witnessed by a large delegation from 
the college. Several men also went to Lewiston to 
attend the Bates-Colby game, May 18th. 

Professor Little and Miss Lane have gone to 
Washington on a two-weeks visit. During their 
absence the library will be closed between twelve 
and one, and between five and seven. They are 
attending the meetings of the American Library 

Almost a dozen Colby men accompanied their 
team to the game here, May 14th, but their enthu- 
siasm had little chance to vent itself. Manager 
Little, of Bates, brought down his whole team to 
see the game, the result of which did not seem to 
be especially pleasing to them. 

The Bowdoin Minstrels, under Mr. Mitchell's 
able training, are doing even better work than last 
year. Last Wednesday evening they took part with 
other talent in the '-'Elks' Benefit" in Portland, and 
scored a complete success. Young and (lately, '92, 
and Clifford, '93, were the soloists. The jokes were 
clever and well received by the large audience. 

The committee in charge of the arrangements 
for the annual Field-Day have made a canvass of 
the college, and find so little enthusiasm manifested 
that they have decided it impracticable to hold con- 
tests which would be any credit to the college. 
Consequently the chances are that this year at least 
a ball game with some crack team will take the 
place of the customary field sports. 

The college tennis tournament opeued Monday, 
May 16th, with forty entries in the doubles, and 
sixteen in the singles, and is rapidly drawing to a 
close. Dana, '94, is looked upon as the probable 
winner in the singles, and Payson and Dana in the 
doubles. Bates, Colby, and Maine State College 
are all holding tournaments to decide what men 
shall represent them at the intercollegiate meet in 
Portland, June 7th. 

At a regular meeting of the College Republi- 
can Club, May 12th, the following officers were 
elected: President, R. C. Payson, '93; first Vice- 
President, F. S. Wight, M. S. ; second Vice-Presi- 
dent, S. 0. Baldwin, '93; Corresponding Secretary, 
H. C. Fabyan, '93; Secretary and Treasurer, C. W. 
Peabody, '93. It was voted to send E. A. Pugsley, 
'92, as delegate to the National Convention of col- 
lege Republican clubs, held at Ann Arbor, Mich., 
May 17th. The club now numbers considerably 
over one hundred members, and the list is still 

A Portland architect was here last week exam- 
ining Maine Hall with a view to making estimates of 
the cost of renovating it. Should the expense not 
be too great, this dormitory will be thoroughly 
modernized during the summer vacation. New 
wood-work, steam-heat, and water will be among the 
improvements introduced, and only the walls will be 
left as they are at present. Should the cost be too 
much to do all this during the present year, it will 
at any rate be done as soon as possible; and the 
same work will be undertaken in the other dormi- 
tories indue time. 

President Hyde's work on ethics is completed 
and is now in press. It is entitled "Practical 
Ethics." Henry Holt is the publisher, from whose 
recent catalogue the following is quoted: 

" This book defines ethics as the science of conduct and 
the art. of life. Life consists of relations between an active 
organized being and the world outside, including other 
organized beings. Conduct deals with outside objects— 
in wresting subsistence from the furrow; weaviDg clothing 
in the loom; fighting for institutions on the field of battle; 
defending them in the forum, and vindicating them in the 
courts. Each chapter takes up one of these objects — 
material or immaterial, which are fundamental to life and 
conduct — such as food, dress, work, property, time, space, 
nature, art, animals, fellow-men, family, society, self, and 
God. The duty corresponding to each object is shown to 
be that relation between self and the object which realizes 
the fullest development of the self, and regards the proper 
use and worth of the object. 

" Virtue is the habit or quality of mind and heart, re- 
sulting from doing duty. The reward of virtue is that 
complete and harmonious self-development to which duty 
points and which virtue maintains. The reward of each 
virtue is paid primarily in terms of the particular object 
toward which that particular virtue is exercised. 
The rewards of virtues which deal with things are health, 
wealth, and outward prosperity. Virtues which deal with 
ideal objects have their reward in increased capacities, 
elevated tastes, and intensified sensibilities. Virtues 
toward our fellow-men are rewarded in enlargement of 
social sympathy and deepened tenderness of feeling. The 
virtues of family, society, and the state have their reward 
in the sense of participation in great and glorious aims. 

" Then returning in each case to the object from which 
the chapter starts, the downward course is traced through 
temptation to its corresponding vice, and from vice to its 
specific and inevitable penalty. 

" The theory which underlies the book is nowhere ab- 
stractly stated, but is imbedded in its structure. The 
proof offered is not metaphysical deduction from first prin- 
ples, but simply the presentation in a rational and intelli- 
gible order of the concrete facts and consequences of con- 
duct. The aim is practical throughout. Duties and 
virtues are commended, not by exhortation , but by showing 
the place they occupy and the part they play in a coherent 
system of truth and a symmetrical development of char- 
acter. Religion is presented as the consummation, rather 
than the foundation, of ethics; and the brief sketch in the 



concluding chapter is confined to those hroad outlines 
which, with more or less explicitness, are common to Jew 
and Christian, Catholic and Protestant, Orthodox and 

Iu the game Saturday, May 14th, with the 
Colbys, Bowdoin showed herself to be still in the 
race. From the start sbe took the lead and easily 
held it throughout the game. Farrington's pitching 
was very effective. The features of the game were 
Hinkley's and Hutchinson's batting, the double 
play by Fairbanks, Hutchinson,, and Savage, 
and the work of the battery. 

The score is as follows : 

Bowdoin, 20; Colby, S. 

B.H. T.B. P.O. A. 

Allen, c, 4 

Savage, lb 2 

Fairbanks, 3b., .... 6 

Downes, r.f 6 

Hutchinson, s.s., ... 5 

Hinkley, 1.1, 5 

Jones, l.f., 

Chapman, c.f., .... 5 

Sykes, 2b., 5 

Farrington, p., .... 5 


43 20 11 14 27 


A.B. R. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. 

Hall, 3b., 4 1 1 1 1 1 

Kalloch, r.f 3 2 1 

Bonney, lb., 4 1 13 

Latlip, l.f., 5 

Hoxie, 2b., 4 

Reynolds, c, 5 

Lombard, c.f 4 

Jackson, s.s., .... 4 

Purington, p., .... 2 










Totals, 38 

10 24 15 15 


12 3 4 5 6' 

Bowdoin 3 3 16 2 3: 

Colby 020002: 

Earned runs — Bowdoin, 4. Two-base hits- 

1 —20 

1 0—8 


Hoxie, Reynolds. Three-base hit— Hutchinson.. Sacrifice 
hits — Savage, Fairbanks (2), Downes, Hutchinson, Hink- 
ley, Sykes (2), Bonney, Reynolds. Stolen bases — Allen 
(2), SaVage (3), Downes, Hutchinson (2), Hinkley, Chap- 
man, Farrington, Kalloch (2), Bonney, Latlip, Hoxie (2). 
First base on balls — Allen (2), Savage (4), Hall, Kalloch 
(2), Lombard, Jackson. Umpire — Stephen Kelley, of Lew- 
iston. Time— 2 hours. 

Under its efficient management the tennis tour- 
nament is progressing rapidly and successfully, 
although interrupted by several rainy days. Con- 
siderable enthusiasm is manifested by the students 
and some of the sets have been very interesting. 
It is expected that the finals will be very close and 
there is much speculation as to the probable winners. 
The scores up to date are as follows: 







W. P. A. Kimball. 

W. W. Thomas. 6-3 


J. S. Shaw. 


















P. Shaw. 



A. J. Lord. 

W. F. Haskell. 6-1 



G. Wood. 







R. Bartlett. 





W. E. Leighton. 


For't'd to Leig 

liton . 



Forfeited to Stetson. 


F. Shaw. 

Forfeited to Haggett. 









P. Bartlett. 

T. Nichols. 




H. C. Emery. 

E. Wood. 

Forfeited to Emery. 










W. S. A. Kimball. 6-2 


W. E. Leighton. 

A. J. Lord. 

For't'd to Leig 







J. Shaw. 





H. C. Emery. 











Dana. 1 

E. Wood, j 



Payson. ( 

G. Wood, j 

Mann. j 
H. C. Emery, j 

Lee. ) 
T. Nichols, j 



Yale's new gymnasium will be finished about 
June. Much of the iuterior is wainscotted with 
Italian marble. There are two rowing tanks 50 
by 27 feet and 7 feet deep, with a swimming tank 
of the same dimensions, three bath-rooms, massage 
rooms, coolingrooms, lounging rooms, and about 1000 

Colby, through the gifts of the young people in 
the churches of her denomination, expects soon the 
establishment of a chair for the special study of the 



Among the different sources of spiritual power 
mentioned by the leader of the meeting on Thurs- 
day evening, May 12th, was that of consecration. 
Consecration is one of the things that we must have 
if we are to carry on effective Christian work. We 
are sometimes inclined to ask why it is necessary 
to reconsecrate ourselves so many times to the serv- 
ice of Him whom we have already pledged ourselves 
to love and obey ? One of the reasons why it is nec- 
essary for every Christian to daily renew his alle- 
giance to Christ, is that we walk by faith and not 
by sight. The things of this world have a tendency 
to make us forget and neglect eternal things. 
Especially is this true in college life. So it is very 
important that we should take our bearings occa- 
sionally, and see where we are and what progress 
we are making in the Christian life. If we do not 
do this we are liable to become lost and bewildered 
in the mists and storms of worldliness, and very 
likely stranded on the rocks of destruction. The 
vessel at sea may be driven out of her course during 
a storm. After the storm the first duty of the 
captain is to find out where he is and head his ves- 
sel in the right direction. As Christians we shall 
doubtless encounter severe storms while here in 
college. There will be times when all our energies 
will be called in question for the exigences of the 
occasion. We may or may not hold on our way in 
those extremities, but whether we do or not, we 
certainly w^int to know it. 

If we have remained firm, and have not been 
driven out of the proper course, let us thank God 
and. press forward; but if we have in any way de- 
viated from the right course, we ought to find out 
where we are aud get headed in the right direction 

By daily reconsecrating ourselves to Christ we 
shall each day know just where we are and shall be 
in the place where we can do the most to promote 
the Christian work that we are trying to do here. 

Libby represented Bowdoin at the deputation 
meeting held at Colby, May 14th and 15th. He re- 
ports interesting meetings. No more deputation 
meetings will be held this term, but the work will 
be taken up again at the beginning of the fall term. 
The first meeting will probably be held at Bowdoin. 

An exchange says that a woman has entered 
the Freshman class at the University of Michigan, 
whose two sons are members of the same class. 

'27.— Hon. Alpheus Pelch, 
Ex-Governor of Michigan, 
was recently " written up " in the 
Chicago Herald, and gives the re- 
porter some interesting reminiscences of 
days in Washington when he was United 
States Senator. He is now 88 years of age, a good 
Democrat, and a warm Cleveland man. " As for 
Mr. Blaine," he says, "he was killed in the late 
Chilian war." 

'40.— L. F. E. Jarvis, Esq., is now residing at 
Newark, Alameda County, California. 

'43. — Hon. William Dummer Northend received 
a complimentary notice in the Boston Globe of the 
15th, which concludes: "Mr. Northend is now one of 
the oldest members of the Essex bar, and is revered 
and honored as president of the Bar Association of 
that county. He is still in active practice, but 
finds time to devote to literary labors, and is at 
present engaged upon a work, which, when com- 
pleted, will be a valuable and interesting contribu- 
tion to the early colonial history of Massachusetts. 
Besides presenting much new material never before 
published, Mr. Northend treats many matters con- 
cerning the early settlers from a legal standpoint, 
which throws an entirely new light upon their 
doings and motives." 

'49. — At the opening of the Supreme Court of 
Cumberland County, Hon. Josiah H. Drummond 
presented the following resolution : Resolved, That 
by the death of George E. B. Jackson the bar has 
lost an able, learned, and conscientious member; 
the church of which he was a member, a strong 
pillar of support ; the many public institutions 
with which he was connected, a sagacious, ener- 
getic, and self-sacrificing friend, and the State one 
of its best citizens. Mr. Drummond then pre- 
sented an extended biographical sketch of Mr. 
Jackson, tracing his life from his entrance into col- 
lege when but 16 years of age to the day of his 
death, October 19, 1891. Regarding Mr. Jackson's 
character, Mr. Drummond said : Bro. Jackson 
was a public spirited man in the highest sense of 
the term. Much of his time during his whole life 
was given for the public good. He early became a 
member of the Episcopal church and always took 



a deep interest in its affairs. As a warden of the 
local church, and as a member of the Standing Com- 
mittee of the Diocese of Maine for nearly 40 years, his 
business methods were of essential service ; and as 
his daily life accorded with his professions, no lay- 
man in the State possessed the confidence of the 
denomination to a greater degree or was more in- 
fluential in the councils of the church. Mr. Drurn- 
rnond reviewed with a good deal of minuteness the 
work of Mr. Jackson as President of the Maine 
Central Railroad, where his own personal experience 
gave him the right to speak, dwelling upon his 
achievement in securing the passage of a law which 
should be a just solution of the question of railroad 
taxation. Passing to the general habits and char- 
acter of the man, he noted his indefatigable, con- 
tinuous, and even industry. He worked diligently 
during the hours allotted to work and then stopped. 
He did not crowd the work of the two days into 
one, nor spread the work of one over two. He was 
not a rapid and fitful worker, but his steady and 
continuous application often produced greater re- 
sults than were achieved by those of quicker mental 
and physical action. His standard of the character 
and conduct of the true lawyer was a very high 
one. There were no bounds to his contempt for 
trickery and quackery of whatever kind. He was 
guided in the practice of his profession by the same 
rules which governed him in his personal relations. 
It has been well said of him that "he lived as he 
preached"; that he had the courage of his convic- 
tions and never hesitated, when duty called, to ex- 
press them fully and forcibly, but at the same time, 
quietly and unobtrusively ; and that " his life was 
an ornament to his profession, and a credit to man- 

'54. — The death in London of James Ripley Os- 
good, the eminent publisher, was announced May 
19th. " Mr. Osgood was born in Pryeburg, Febru- 
ary 22, 1836, and was graduated from Bowdoin 
College in 1854. Afterward he began the study of 
law with Shepley & Dana of Portland, but relin- 
quished that profession and removed to Boston, 
there associating with Tickuor & Co., publishers, 
and with their successors for some years. In 1871 
he established the firm of James R. Osgood & Co., 
his partners being two sons of Wm. D. Tickuor. 
Mr. Osgood also became largely interested in the 
Heliotype Printing Company. On one occasion he 
was asked by the college historian to answer the 
query upon a circular ' If you have published, and 
what?' He promptly replied, ' Nothing but other 
people's books, and a great many of them.' In 

1885 Mr. Osgood retired from the book trade, the 
sons of Wm. D. Ticknor continuing the business. 
He went to England in the following year to repre- 
sent Harper & Brothers, and this move led to the 
establishment of the firm of Osgood, Mcllvaine & 
Co., which did a thriving business from the start. 
Mr. Osgood was of fine appearance, and his abilities 
were of a high order. Charles Dickens said he was 
the ' most lovable American he had ever met.' In 
its obituary notice of him the Boston Journal truth- 
fully said: 'Mr. Osgood's identification with Ameri- 
can literature is so conspicuous and so honorable 
that his name is literally a household word in all 
portions of the world where the English language 
is read or spoken.' " 

'60.— The Leiviston Journal published the fol- 
lowing with a cut of Mr. Baker : " Forty-four 
years of age, Hon. Orville D. Baker, of Augusta, still 
clings to the old homestead on Wiuthrop Street, 
where he was born and which has always been his 
home. Few professional men in the State are as 
liberally educated as Mr. Baker. His earlier edu- 
cation was acquired in the Augusta public schools, 
preparing for college at the high school which was 
then under the tuition of Frank A. Watuerhouse, 
now principal of the English High School in Bos- 
ton. Mr. Baker graduated at 'Old Bowdoin' in 
the class of 1860, immediately reading a course of 
international and constitutional law, occupying six 
months in the office of his father, Hon. Joseph 
Baker. A trip of a year and a half to Europe for 
both work and recreation followed, during which 
the young man visited England and all the princi- 
pal places on the continent, acquiring a vast amount 
of information, which only a tour abroad could give, 
besides applying himself to the study of govern- 
ment and the languages, for which he had an ex- 
cellent opportunity. Returning home he spent a 
year with his law studies in his father's office, com- 
pleting his legal educatiou at Harvard Law School, 
mastering the two years' course in the space of one 
year. While at the school he was offered the posi- 
tion of instructor in the French and German lan- 
guages by President Eliot, but declined it, as he 
also did the tender of a professorship in a Southern 
university, his love for the noble profession of the 
law not permitting an acceptance. His next step 
was to enter into practice in his father's office as a 
member of the firm, and although the senior mem- 
ber died several years ago, Mr. Baker is still found 
at his desk in the old rooms, his partner being- 
Leslie C. Cornish, Esq. Mr. Baker's success as an 
attorney is not questioned and to-day he is the peer 



of any lawyer at the bar of this State. Unlike 
many yonng men wbo receive the most liberal edu- 
cation that money can give, he improved his oppor- 
tunities, toiled and dug, until he has won the prizes 
of the profession." 

'65. — W. H. H. Andrews, although not a gradu- 
ate of the college, deserves mention in this depart- 
ment. He was born at Pleasant Ridge, May 10, 
1839. He fitted for college at Lewiston, and en- 
tered Bowdoin in 1861, where he remained one year. 
He then enlisted in the Army of the Rebellion and 
remained until the close of the war. He then 
studied law in the office of Charles Levi Woodbury, 
of Boston, and was admitted to the Suffolk Bar, 1868. 
Entering immediately upon the practice of bis pro- 
fession in that city, where he remained until his 
death, April 19th. In addition to his law practice, 
he was, at one time, treasurer and business manager 
of the Boston Post. 

'66.— Hou. A. A. Strout presented the following- 
resolution to the Cumberland Bar: "That, by the 
death of our brother, George Freeland Holmes, this 
bar has lost a learned, able, industrious, and ac- 
complished lawyer who during many years of prac- 
tice at this bar commanded the respect and regard 
of his brethren and who did faithful, honorable, and 
memorable service for the profession of the law. 
That the members of this bar remember with affec- 
tion and pride the earnestness of his purpose, the 
devotion of his life to his profession, his fidelity to 
every interest entrusted to him, his unfailing in- 
dustry, sound learning, and close, accurate, and 
thorough mental training." Hon. Clarence Hale 
spoke chiefly of Mr. Holmes as he knew him at 
college. Mr. Holmes was a senior when Mr. Hale 
entered college. He was a member of the famous 
class of 1866, and the fact that Mr. Holmes was 
not disparaged by comparison with the best men of 
that class is, of itself, a ground of eulogy. Mr. 
Hale said : " When I think of him my memory 
always dwells on those early years of his professional 
life, before the long struggle began against the un- 
relenting progress of a fatal malady. They were 
the distinctive years of his life, years of close ap- 
plication, exacting labor, high attainment, and of 
full promise. It was during those years that he won 
his way to the respect and admiration of the bar and 
of the bench. Those who knew him best, saw in him 
many of the highest traits of the lawyer. He had 
none of the vanity that is easily content with a 
slight proficiency in law. He aimed at the highest 
excellence ; in the earnestness of his purpose, and 
with his efficient industry, he did not hesitate to 

give all the labor of the day and the vigils of the 
night to his work. He bad the highest apprecia- 
tion of the standard which a lawyer should place 
before himself. No man had a closer conception of 
what the ideal lawyer is and what he is for. Not 
only in his distinctive law work, but in his reading 
and study in those years to which I refer, be showed 
the thoughtful and philosophic mind, struggling to 
grasp and realize the ideals of his life. It is with 
the deepest sadness that we think of his long com- 
bat with that insidious and mortal disease which 
prostrated his body and dimmed his mental vision. 
As we pay our tribute of respect and affection to 
his memory, let us hope that this long ordeal had 
its uses in some way which we shall known in the 
great hereafter." 

'69. — At a meeting of the trustees of Westbrook 
Seminary, Thursday, Rev. Harrison S. Whitman of 
Bowdoinham was unanimously elected president of 
the seminary, to enter upon his duties at the next 
commencement. Mr. Whitman is a graduate of 
Bowdoin College, class of 1869, and graduated from 
Tufts Divinity School in 1877. He was settled over 
the parish at Dexter, and afterward at Augusta, 
and is, at present, the secretary of the Universalist 

'74. — Hon. Herbert M. Heath, of Augusta, will 
deliver the oration before the Zeta Psi Fraternity 
the coming commencement. 

'75. — Col. George F. McQuillan, class of '75, was 
admitted to the Supreme Court of the United States 
in Washington, D. C, April 25th ult., on motion of 
Senator Hoar, of Massachusetts. 

'89.^Born April 17th, to the wife of Lory 
Prentiss, a daughter. 

'89. — Born April 21st, to the wife of Fred Free- 
man, a daughter (eight pounds). 

'89.— James L. Doherty has been elected Presi- 
dent of the Toung Men's Democratic Club, recently 
organized in Old Town. 

'89. — M. A. Rice is traveling in Europe. He 
will return in June. 

'89. — Secretary Emery is making arrangements 
for '89's reunion in June. It will be a glorious oc- 
casion, such as '89 is famous for. 

'89. — Crocker is visiting Florida. 

'91. — E. G. Irving has finished his school at 
Mattanawcook Academy in Lincoln, and is now 
teaching at Harpswell. 

By order of the Italian government, English is 
to be added to the curriculum of the colleges in that 



(From the German.) 
I know of a maiden, 

A lovable child. 
So joyous, so cheerful, 
No wind is more mild. 

Her eyes are so light blue, 

Her cheeks are so round, 
Her brow is snow-white and 

With blonde hair is crowned. 

And she, such a noble 

Young spirit assumes, 
In her there's a flower 
Of virtue that blooms. 

And yet this fair maiden, 

This angel divine, 
A terrible fault has, — 

She will not be mine. 

— Brunonian. 

Mr. Timothy Hopkins has made provision for 
the endowment and maintenance of the seaside 
laboratory at Pacific Grove, recently established 
under the auspices of the Leland Stanford Junior 
University. It is intended to make this a place for 
original investigation of the habits, life history, 
structure, and development of marine animals and 
plants, and to carry on work here similar to that 
which has made the aquarium at Naples known all 
over the world. 


" Now do your best," they told him, 

"To the voice of duty, hark, 
If you but work you cannot help 
But succeed, and make your mark." 

But when he went to college, 
About in life to embark, 
Although 'twas he did the labor, 
'Twas the Prof, who made his mark! 

— Williams Weekly. 

The publication of the College Man, a college 
paper published in New Haven, Conn., has been 

suspended because of inadequate financial support. 
The University of Pennsylvania has just re- 
ceived a donation of $100,000 from General I. J. 
Wistar for the erection of a new biological and 
anatomical museum, also a yearly endowment of 
$:i0,000 for its maintenance, the institute to be 
known as the Wistar Institute of Anatomy, to be 
built in perpetuatiou of the name of Dr. Caspar 
Wistar, the founder of the present biological col- 
lection. The new Hygiene building at the Univer- 
sity of Pennsylvania was dedicated on Washington's 



Bold Jack regaining a lost treasure, 

And seeing no alternative, 
From pressing need, and not for pleasure, 

Did in the icy waters dive. 

And when we begged that he confide 

To us the cause of this bold entrance, 
And what he lost; he then replied, 

That he had merely lost, — his balance. 

— Brunonian. 
The ability to maintain a creditable standing in 
scholarship, and at the same time to manage col- 
lege base-ball interests, or carry an entertainment 
involving hundreds of dollars through to a success- 
ful issue, is one result of a modern college course. 

— Ex. 
A year ago Columbia College abolished compul- 
sory attendance at the morning religious services. 
A recent number of the Columbia Spectator says 
that although the attendance is considerably less, 
those who do attend manifest more interest in the 

OUR / 0f Your Societ y Bad £ e wi " be 

I ■ Mailed to You through your 
NLW J Chapter upon Application. 


Manufacturers of Finest Plain and Jeweled Society Badges. 

Wright, Kay & Co. 




565 Congress St., - PORTLAND, ME. 



Vol. XXII. 


No. 4. 





C. "W. Peabody, '93, Managing Editor. 

H. C. Fabyan, '93, Assistant Managing Editor. 

R. E. Goodell, '93, Business Manager. 

\V. P. Chamberlain, '93. H. E. Andrews, '94. 

M. S. Clifford, '93. F. J. Libby, '94. 

F. M. Shaw, '93. F. W. Pickard, '94. 

B. L. Bryant, '95. 

Per annum, in advance, $2.00. 

Single Copies, 15 Cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Manager. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Manager. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing' Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Rhyme and Reason Department should be 
sent to Box 1100, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should be sent to Box 0SJ7, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post-OEfice at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 

Vol. XXII., No. 4.— June 8, 1892. 

Editorial Notes 47 

The Minstrel Show 48 

Meeting of the N. E. I. P. A., 49 

Ivy Day, 50 

Oration, 50 

Poem 52 

Presentations and Responses , 54 

Ivy Ode 60 

Rhyme and Reason : 

Ambiguous, 60 

Collegii Tabula, 60 

Athletics 62 

Personal, 64 

In Memoriam, 65 

College World, 60 

The computation for determining 
the salntatorian this year has revealed a 
condition of things which is, perhaps, without 
a parallel in college history. The honor of 
leading the class in scholarship is divided 
between four men, the averages of whose 
marks for the four years are found to be 
exactly the same to the hundredth place 
in decimal fractions. As it has never been 
the custom to carry the figuring further than 
tenths, it was thought to be unreasonable to 
carry it further than hundredths in the 
present case, since, in all probability, the 
figures beyond that limit would have no 
significance. Accordinglj' all four will go 
into the catalogue as salutatorians, and one 
of their number has been chosen by lot to 
deliver the part. 

The coincidence is the more interesting 
because the tastes and inclinations of the four 
men have led them to pursue, as far as pos- 
sible, different courses of study. Mr. Emery, 
whose tastes are predominantly literary, has 
found his greatest pleasure in the English 
course. Mr. Fobes has been a disciple of 
science. Mr. Linscott has devoted himself, 
first and last, to the languages, and Mr. 
Wood's inclinations have led him into phi- 
losophy, so that each of the four salutato- 



rians, aside from participating in the leader- 
ship of the class, has the honor of being 
first in that branch of study which is most 
congenial to him. 

TTS THIS number of Orient appears, the 
/-*- Intercollegiate Tennis Tournament will 
be in progress in Portland. A great deal of 
interest has been taken in this at Bowdoin, 
and some strong players have been sent into 
the contest. The struggle is probably be- 
tween Bates and Bowdoin in this as well as 
in base-ball. Colby, being used to grass 
courts, will probably not be in condition to 
make a very hard fight this year. We are 
not good at guessing, but we rather expect 
one, at least, of the first prizes. 

TirHERE remains only one more game to be 
*■ played in the Base-Ball League, unless 
the protest of last Saturday is decided in 
our favor. As the record now stands, Bates 
has won seven games, Bowdoin won four and 
lost three, Colby lost eight, with one to be 
played between Bates and Bowdoin. This 
gives Bates the championship, with a chance 
of winning every game played. Bates has 
always been strong in base-ball, and her 
team this year is certainly a model one. 
Bates has been fortunate, moreover, in sus- 
taining during the season no injury which 
disabled her team. Bowdoin and Colby 
have both been unfortunate in this respect. 
Had our team been, at the first of the 
season, in as good condition as at present, 
Bates would have had a hard struggle for 
first place. At present the two nines are 
very evenly matched. We have no criticism 
to make against our nine. The nine is all 
right. It is when we look for the tenth man 
that the trouble comes. President Hyde 
very truly says we cannot win at base-ball 
until we become a ball playing college. We 
have got to have class nines, trained system- 

atically through the winter, and, instead of 
the unscientific class games now played, 
there should be interest enough aroused to 
have contests in good earnest that will show 
the ability of the men, and keep them in 
proper condition to fill the place of any man 
on the Varsity nine who becomes disabled. 
If this could be done there would be no 
such state of affairs as there was at the first 
of this season, when our pitcher was disabled 
and no one was in training to fill his place. 

TTT HE next number of the Orient will be 
*- dated the Wednesday after Commence- 
ment, and will contain a report of the 
exercises of Commencement week. As this 
account will enlarge the number to three or 
four times its usual size, the other depart- 
ments will have to be shortened considerably. 
Students who wish the Commencement num- 
ber forwarded will please hand their address 
to the business manager. The price of extra 
copies of the Commencement number will 
be 25 cents apiece. All who wish for extra 
copies of that or of the Ivy number should 
apply, as soon as possible, to the business 

The Minstrel Show. 

THE Bowdoin Minstrels made their second 
appearance, at the Town Hall, on the 
evening of Field-Day, June 2d, and scored 
another success. Clifford, Young, and Craw- 
ford manipulated the bones, while Gately, 
Bean, and Fobes took charge of the tambos. 
Pierce again served as interlocutor. The 
first part passed off finely, the solo parts 
were well taken, the chorus work was good, 
and the jokes, if not all new, were well 
received by the large audience. Gately 's 
yodeling, as usual, brought down the house. 
Dyer, who was to have been one of the 
tambos, was obliged to be absent, but Fobes 
filled his position very acceptably. 



In the second part the Lime Kiln Band 
was a novelty, and made a decided hit. 
Clifford was the star of the evening, and 
his clever acting and, above all, his topical 
song, " We do not know just why," completely 
captivated the audience. The entertainment 
closed with a short farce, introducing several 
songs and choruses. The programme was as 


Part I. 
Overture. Orchestra. 

Introduction. The Company. 

Opening Chorus— We come! We come! 

The Company. 
Put on Yer Rohes. Mr. Clifford. 

Gay Huzzar. Mr. Lazell. 

Bonn' ter Shine. Mr. Youug. 

Creole Love Song. Mr. Thompson. 

Put on de Golden Crown. Mr. Gately. 

Annie Laurie. Bowdoiu Quartette. 

Part II. 
Clog. Messrs. Bean and Fobes. 

Selection. Banjo Club. 

Lime Kiln Band. The Company. 

Selection. Orchestra. 

Five Minutes with Mr. Clifford. 

Part III. 

An Evening with the Chicken Stealers, introducing 
Sing Glory to My Soul and Auld Lang Syne. 

Meeting of the N. E. I. P. A. 

TTS OFFICIAL organ of the Association, 
/•*■ the Orient publishes the secretary's 
report of the annual meeting : 

The N. E. I. P. A. held its regular annual meet- 
ing at the .Hotel Glendower, Springfield, Mass., 
May 25, 1892. Delegates were present from the 
following papers : Wellesley Prelude (2), Trinity- 
Tablet (3), Brunouian (1), Brown Magazine (1), 
Wesleyan Argus (1), University Cynic, Vermont 
(2), Bowdoin Orient (1), Dartmouth Lit. (2), 
Williams Lit. (I), Amherst Student (6), Mt. Hol- 
yoke (3), Amherst Lit. (I). 

Officers elected for the coming year were : Pres- 
ident, Brunonian; First Vice-President, Dartmouth 
Lit.; Second Vice-President, Amherst Student; 
Third Vice-President, Trinity Tablet; Recording 
Secretary, Mt. Holyoke; Corresponding Secretary 

and Treasurer, W. P. I. ; Executive Committee, 
Amherst Lit. (chairman), Wesleyan Argus, Dart- 
mouth, Wellesley Prelude, Brown Daily. 

The Association passed a vote of thanks to the 
Amherst Student for its hospitality. The report of 
the treasurer was read and accepted. A committee 
of three was appointed to consider the advisability of 
sending specimens of New England college journal- 
ism to the Chicago Fair, and to report to the 
executive committee who should act on their 
suggestions. The committee was: Brown Maga- 
zine, Trinity Tablet, and Wellesley Prelude. 
A committee of three was appointed to consider 
the advisability of an intercollegiate oratorical 
contest and to report to the executive committee, 
who should act on their suggestions. The com- 
mittee was: Trinity Tablet, University Cynic, and 
Mt. Holyoke. 

It was voted that the president make out a 
list of the toasts and send them to the papers 
selected, as soon after the meeting as convenient. 

The Association suggested that the correspond- 
ing secretary inform the various papers of the 
meeting a good while in advance, and request that 
an answer be sent at least a week before the 
meeting. The Bowdoin Orient was selected as 
the official organ of the Association. 

The Mount Holyoke, 

Recording Secretary. 

The following is a list of the delegates 
present from the different papers. The list 
was made partly from memory and may 
contain some inaccuracies and omissions. 

From Dartmouth Lit., W. C. Belknap, C. 
W. McKay; from Trinity Tablet, C. A. 
Home, C. Johnson, W. F. Collins; from 
University Cynic, R. A. Stewart, Lyman 
Allen ; Wellesley Prelude, Misses Holbrook 
and Davidson; Brunonian, A. E. Thomas; 
Brown Magazine, H. A. Richards, Jr. ; Wil- 
liams Lit., A. Oliver; Amherst Lit., F. D. 
Blodgett; Amherst Student, M. Hiscox, 
A. J. Goddard, G. H. Backus, L. E. Smith, 
J. H. Ranson, E. A. Crockett; Bowdoin 
Orient, C. W. Peabody ; The Mt. Holyoke, 
Misses Mott, McNulty, and Snell; Wesleyan 
Argus, A. H. Thornclike. 

When the business meeting had adjourned 
seats were taken in the banquet hall and a 



sumptuous repast of seven courses was 
served. Then Mr. Hiscox, of the Amherst 
Student, called on Miss Davidson, of the 
Wellesley Prelude, W. F. Collins, of the 
Trinity Tablet, Miss A. L. Snell, of the 
Mount Holyoke, W. C. Belknap, of the Dart- 
mouth Lit., Arthur Oliver, of Williams Lit., 
and A. E. Thomas, of the Brunonian, to 
respond to toasts. 

As is the custom, the next annual meet- 
ing of the Association will be held at 
Springfield, next spring, on the day of 
the Intercollegiate Athletic Meet. 

Ivy ©ay. 

TITHE Ivy-Day exercises of the Junior class 
-*- occurred Friday afternoon, in Memorial 
Hall, with the following programme: 


Prayer. C. H. Howard. 



G. W. Shay 



C. W. Peabody 

By President C. C. Bucknam. 
Gymnast— Mattress. W. P. Chamberlain. 

Phunnymau— Book of Jokes. J. W. Lambert. 

Plugger— Lamp. ? 

Class Giant— Cane. P. M. Shaw. 

Obstinate Man— Likeness. B. F. Barker. 

Popular Man— Wooden Spoon. E. H. Carleton. 

We print the oration, poem, and the 
presentation speeches in full. 


By George W. Shay. 
Nineteen hundred years ago, when Rome's star 
was rising in all its glory, the barbarians from the 
East began to find homes within her borders. The 
Emperor Augustus welcomed them ; for in their 
approach he saw no danger. But when they had 

surpassed the Romans in number and had usurped 
the high positions in the land, the vigorous char- 
acter of that majestic nation weakened ; and its 
decline, division, and ruin followed in succession. 

To-day, in America, we have a parallel case. 
Our country, whose marvelous progress is exciting 
the wonder of the world, is iuvaded by hosts of 
Eastern paupers and criminals that flock to its 
shores to parasite upon its wealth. This foreign 
element is a hydra-headed monster of vice and 
crime, preying upon the vitals of the nation. 

It is estimated that the foreign-born residents of 
the United States number more than ten million, or 
about one-sixth of the whole population. Statistics 
show that the total number of immigrants from 
1881 to 1890, inclusive, was very nearly five and 
one-fourth millions, which was over fifty per cent, 
of the entire immigration from the close of the Rev- 
olutionary War to 1881. Is not this an alarming- 
influx of people, who, for the most part, have no 
love for our country and uo knowledge of its laws? 
At this rate, will not the pure current of our own 
people soon be swallowed up in the turbid flood of 
alien races? 

From a report recently issued by the State 
Department, we learn that the immigration of the 
races who have built up the republic is declining, 
while that of races who differ from them widely in 
language and blood is rapidly increasing. The 
number of arrivals from Great Britain and Ireland, 
Germany, Sweden, France, and Holland is annually 
receding. On the other hand, the tide of immigra- 
tion from Bohemia, Hungary, Russia, aud Italy is 
continually growing stronger ; aud still more deplor- 
able is the movement of low classes from the far 
East — Syria and Armenia. French Canadians are 
pouring into New England at a rate that bids fair 
to depopulate the Province of Quebec iu a very few 

Notwithstanding the fact that the Chinese have 
been theoretically barred out, for the last ten years, 
by an act of Congress, sixty thousand of them 
during that time have entered the Golden Gate at 
San Francisco alone. A majority of these, doubtless, 
have taken a fraudulent advantage of the generous 
terms of the law, which, it will be remembered, admits 
travelers and persons who have business interests 
already establishedin this country. But these sixty 
thousand are not all. The hordes thatthrongto Cana- 
dian ports and theuce stealthily make their way 
across our boundary it is impossible to enumerate. 

It has been said of this exclusion bill that it will 
sever our friendly relations with China, and prevent 



American missionaries from proclaiming the Gospel 
of Christ to that benighted empire. But there are 
two views of the subject. Is not the darkness 
which these half-civilized people are bringing into 
our land, far in excess of all the light that we can 
cause to shine upon theirs? Let those who have 
read of the horrors of their opium dens answer. 
The commerce between the United States and 
China is so inconsiderable that even if it should 
cease the loss would not be serious to the former. 
The Chiuaman not only belongs to an inferior race, 
but, in consequence of his wretched manner of 
living, he is able to work for so small a recompense 
as to render it impossible for Americans to compete 
with him. Nor is this all. By the immoral influ- 
ence of habits peculiar to his people, he is daily 
plunging the worst grade of our society lower in 
the depths of degradation. Then, let the Mongo- 
lian remain at his Oriental home, even if foreign 
missionaries are thereby compelled to devote their 
energies to the welfare of other countries. 

According to the eleventh census nearly three- 
fifths of the paupers supported in almshouses and 
more than one-third of the inmates of the state- 
prisons and penitentiaries in the United States are 
of foreign birth. This is indisputable evidence as 
to the general character of our foreign immigrants. 
It is reported that many ex-convicts and paupers 
are assisted to leave England and Germany for the 
United States by benevolent societies. This, it may 
be presumed, is done for the joint benefit of the 
person receiving aid and his country. It is true 
that the law provides that convicts and persons in- 
capable of self-support shall be sent back ; but 
when the convict crosses the ocean he leaves bis 
prison garb behind, and his indigent brother usually 
manages to conceal his poverty until he has safely 
landed. Thus it is difficult to enforce this regulation. 

The whole world is familiar with the tragedy at 
New Orleans, at which place a mob composed of 
leading citizens broke open the jail and deliberately 
killed eleven Italians who were confined there. The 
chief of police had been foully murdered, and the 
prisoners were charged with the crime, but two of 
them were never brought to trial, and the jury 
failed to convict the others. The people of New 
Orleans thought that the accused men belonged to 
the Mafia, a murderous secret society, which they 
believed had either bribed or frightened the jury 
into rendering a verdict contrary to the evidence. 
It was also the prevailing belief that this lawless 
society was about to inaugurate a reign of terror 
and attempt to obtain control of the city govern- 

ment. These conditions instigated an act of vindi- 
cative lawlessness which must ever be a blot on our 
civilization. The atrocities of the Molly Maguires 
in Pennsylvania and the fiendish work of the 
Anarchists at Chicago are a part of history. Yet 
the spirit which has raised up these seditious organ- 
izations did not originate in this enlightened re- 
public, but it has been fostered for centuries by the 
repressive governments of European monarchies. 

Frequent additions of illiterate immigrants from 
various countries, to our population, must have a 
depressing effect upon public sentiment, as well as 
greatly increase the cost of maintaining the public 
schools. Prison records show that a very large 
proportion of criminals are uneducated. All will 
agree that the safety of a nation depends upon the 
intelligence and culture of its people. Walt Whit- 
man says that what the States need most as roots 
for a distinctly American literature are patriotism, 
nationality, and harmony. Now, it is impossible 
for them to possess any of these three qualities, in 
a perfect degree, while they are trying to assimilate 
a promiscuous mulitude of foreign rabble. Ger- 
many will continue to outrank America in education 
just so long as she is allowed to unload her ignorant 
masses upon our soil. 

Foreign accessions to the laboring classes have 
caused a marked decliue in wages. Why do our 
large cities contain so many young men who handle 
a yard stick at four dollars a week, and so many 
young lady clerks who receive a salary that is barely 
sufficieut to provide the necessaries of life? Why 
do they not obtain more lucrative employment in 
the mills and factories which abound throughout 
this land of industry? It is partly because a con- 
siderable number of the youth of this generation 
are ambitious to fit themselves for useful business 
lives, and in order to do this they must make a 
humble begiuniug; but it is chiefly because the out- 
casts of other nations have flooded the country and 
taken the places of its citizens in the field of re- 
munerative labor. A glance at the past will prove 
the latter statement. Twenty years ago the cotton 
factories of this country were operated almost en- 
tirely by our own people; to-day but few native 
Americans are to be found within their walls. A 
low class of foreigners have rendered these estab- 
lishments iucongenial to most self-respecting people. 
Both mills and stores have become overcrowded 
and the price paid for help has in consequence been 

Nearly all of these aliens do not hesitate to be- 
come naturalized as soon as possible after their 



arrival, and are ill content to wait the required five 
years for the rights of citizenship. They eagerly 
accept the privilege of voting, which the incon- 
sistent laws of many states extend to them as soon 
as they become residents. This would truly be a 
commendable spirit, if it were actuated by the right 
principles. But the average foreigner does not seek 
the franchise in order that he may be enabled to 
cast his ballot for the promotion of good govern- 
ment; he seeks this privilege as a means of obtain- 
ing office in the community, or money for his 
purchasable vote. The corrupt condition of politics 
in our large cities proves this assertion. 

Unrestricted immigration does not threaten with 
personal hardship educated Americans, who earn a 
livelihood by intellectual labor; for the more numer- 
ous are the ignorant, the more clergymen and 
teachers will be needed to instruct them, and the 
more turbulent they are the more physicians will 
be required to mend their broken heads and the 
more lawyers to keep them out of jail. But unre- 
stricted immigration does threaten the future of 
those institutions of society which have been estab- 
lished and fostered by America's most cultured 
citizens. It has a tendency to Europeanize the 
country. Only a few years have elapsed since the 
Germans demanded to have their children taught 
in their own language in the public schools of 
Chicago ; and they have at other times shown a dis- 
position to preserve a distinct nationality. 

The assertion might he truthfully made that, 
if the Aborigines had kept our forefathers from 
their territory, we should not now be enjoying the 
advantages of this fair land. In that case, however, 
the Indian race would not have been driven to the 
verge of annihilation. The coming of our ances- 
tors, though beneficial to themselves, was fatal to 
the red men. Some philanthropists urge that our 
country should be a home for the poor and an 
asylum for the oppressed of all nations. But the 
degradation of one nation for the advancement of 
others is not philanthropy. History teaches that 
the indiscriminate mingling of races, different in 
temperament never makes a great nation. 

There is evidently a strong popular feeling that 
the present immigration laws are insufficient. 
There is, however, such a wide difference of opinion 
that no changes have as yet been proposed which 
are universally satisfactory. Many reformers agree 
that there should be an educational test which 
would require of all immigrants over fifteen years of 
age the ability to write their own language. This 
would certainly restrict the most objectional ele- 
ment though not entirely exclude it. Another rea- 

sonable proposition is to refuse the right of suffrage 
to persons who are unable to read English. Other 
nations cannot take offense if they are forbiddeu to 
dump their rubbish in this country; for we should 
be establishing no precedent. The Russian Jew is 
met at the boundary of Austria and not permitted 
to cross unless he is en route to the United States ; 
and Germany is preparing to guard against his 
advance in a similar manner. 

It might be inferred that, if immigration men- 
aced the prosperity of the republic, shrewd states- 
men would certainly be more active in checking it. 
But this conclusion does not necessarily follow. 
The statesman of to-day seems to have adopted 
the principal, that no law shall be placed upon the 
statute book until public sentiment demands it. 
Congressmen may know that legislation is needed, 
but they will hesitate to enact it until the popular 
mind is ready to receive it. This matter has not 
yet been agitated enough. When the people der 
mand that the dregs of humanity from all quarters 
of the globe shall no longer be admitted at our 
ports, then their representatives will, doubtless, 
comply with their wishes. 

The benefit which the country has received 
from the more industrious of its foreign-horn citi- 
zens is well deserving of our recognition. Many of 
them have rendered thousands of barren acres pro- 
ductive and dotted the broad prairies of the West 
with their happy homes. Let us not forget that 
Alexander Hamilton, who stood at Washington's 
right hand when he founded the republic, Louis 
Agassiz, whose name is one of the most brilliant 
in science, and Franz Sigel, who fought for his 
adopted country with distinguished bravery and 
skill, all were foreign-born. But these men came 
to this country during its more primitive days ; it 
has developed since their times and can now pro- 
duce its own statesmen, scholars, and soldiers. 
Our nation may be regarded as a great social body 
of which the morality of its people is the heart, 
public sentiment the mind, capital the pulse, and 
labor the life blood. Now, if it continues to receive 
into its system the degraded masses of other lands, 
the heart will be hardened, the mind weakened, 
the pulse stagnated and the vital current rendered 



By Clarence W. Peabody. 
An age of centenaries this of ours. 

Each year the plodding world turns back again 
A hundred or four hundred years, to pride 
Itself on some event that happened then. 



Not many years ago our nation donned 

Its festal dress, and joyfully and gay, 
Just as a child to whom the sense is new, 

Prepared to celebrate its natal day. 
But two years hence our college will rejoice, 

And bless that hour way back in '94, 
When old Sam Adams, patriot and sage, 

By one bold stroke of pen, accomplished more 
For peaceful arts than e'er he did for war; 

For then by him was Bowdoiu's charter signed, 
Which raised a mighty beacon that should lead 

To fame and glory many a master mind. 
This year of eighteen hundred ninety-two 

We of the western world will consecrate 
To one who lived four hundred years ago, 

And by his deed stands high among the great. 
That Genoan seaman who, with purpose fixed, 

Stood staunch against the age's bate and prido, 
And daring what no man had dared to think, 

At last was victor, though the fates defied. 

The world in which we dwell but that side sees 

Which shines the brightest ; and 'tis better so. 
From history's variegated page it gleans 

But those events which blessed fruits can show. 
Yet, wbeu some mighty undertaking fails, 

One man may suffer and the pain is o'er ; 
The world, which loses most, may drop one tear, 

But then forgets, and thiuks of it no more. 
And if success is won, it praises not 

Him who succeeds,— it praises the success; 
The hour of victory, not the mouths and years 

Of sleepless toil, the pain, the bitterness 
From hope deferred and purpose trodden down. 

"These may have been," we say, "but let them 
They call to mind the tears and heart-blood shed. 

The time is for rejoicing, not for woe." 
But though that bright October day when first 

The Genoan's anchor grasped this western 
Though that day crowned with palms the victor's 

The strife was ended, victory won before. 
There is, somewhere encircled by the year, 

An uuknown anniversary, we know. 
When was that hour of supreme success ? 

Perhaps to-day, four hundred years ago. 

It is at Palos by the sea, and through 

The Andalusian sky so soft and blue, 

The sun that shines on Spain's most glorious year 

Spreads generous benedictions far and near. 

With blessed warmth and nourishment it fills 

Luxuriant vineyards on the neighboring hills; 

But nearer, on the gables of the town, 

With fierce and unrelenting heat pours down. 

Along the sea-front is a cooler air; 

In from the west it rolls, and everywhere 

The ships that ride within the little bay 

Rise on each coming swell, and fall, and sway 

Forward and back, and every wave breaks here 

Upon the old foundations of the pier. 

Many upon the ships and on the shore 

Are toiling hard with rope and sail and oar; 

And some prepare for voyages ; only one 

Is stauding idle, by whom must be done 

The greatest task of all, and who must dare 

The longest voyage, yet knows not how or where. 

He stands alone, in thought, an old man — nay, 

Start not surprised, for old he is and gray. 

Not years have bent his frame, but toil and care; 

And fierce relentless scorn has bleached his hair : 

All seem to shun him, — see, when he essays 

To speak among the people, every phrase 

In hoarse and angry murmuring is drowned. 

Some jeer, some threaten, not a one is found 

To listen, or to further his commands. 

And so, without a follower he stands, 

The admiral of a visionary fleet, 

The viceroy of an unknown land;— his feet 

Wearied with fruitless wandering, his hair 

Whitened by what is very near despair.— 

Weary of vainly urging his behest, 

Aside upon the shore be walks for rest. 

Beyond the long low point the ocean lies. 

He knows it, yet 'tis hidden from his eyes. 

Such is his future, unrevealed though near. 

Behind him in the city he can hear 

Hoarse, distant, murmuring, — thus does his past 

Still echo in his ear, — reproaches cast 

Upon him, laughs of scorn, and finally, 

More feared because of his authority, 

Reproach is changed to threat, and laugh to 

All this he hears behind him in the town. 
He lives again his life. From court to court 
He wanders, wheresoe'er there is report 
Of enterprises great on land or sea. 
Still rankles in his heart the treachery 
Of Portugal ; and then the learned fools 
Of Salamanca,— learned in convent schools, 
Who searched the Holy Fathers, and there fouud 
His doctrine of the Universe unsound. — 
These he remembers, and that weary train 
Which, years and years, followed the court of Spain 



Among Granada's mountains. He was there. 
A suitor, penniless and worn with care. 
And then Granada fell, — from western shore 
To eastern, the proud Moslem ruled no more. 
Columbus saw Boabdil, conquered, kneel 
Before the Christian sovereigns of Castile 
And Aragon. This was the suitor's chance. 
Again he met the sovereign's gracious glance, 
Again besought, and was successful, for 
The Queen rejoiced to end the tedious war ; 
And, high exalted with religious zeal, 
The holy spirit of crusade could feel. 
At last was his commission sealed and signed. 
With joyful step he left the court behind, 
And came to Palos, where by the command 
Of Isabella, Queen, and Ferdinand, 
A proclamation in the square was read, 
Which to the magistrates of Palos said: 
'For Christopher Columbus, Admiral, 
Viceroy of lands and waters which he shall 
Discover, furnish forth and man with crews 
In ten days' time two caravels, to use 
As he may wish,"— and so on to the end. 
Such was the royal word, but who would send 
His ship to sure destruction, who set sail 
Upon a voyage so mad, so sure to fail ? 
And failure, that meant death. Not one was 

Among the murmuring people gathered round. 
The ten long days have quickly sped away. 
Ah yes, indeed, the tenth was yesterday, 
June 2d, and to-day he'd hoped to sail. 
The greatest disappointment is to fail 
When hope, long striving, seems at length to rise 
And lay a finger on the fleeting prize. 
And when relaxed is all the energy 
Which bears a man through his adversity, 
And toil seems at an end — and then to know 
That all is lost, —this is the hardest blow. 
So, on that day in June, Columbus felt. 
He saw his hopes, his fondest wishes melt, 
Vanish away, untangible as air. 
Then came upon the old man standing there 
The fell temptation of oblivion ; 
That fierce desire— it comes to every one 
On whom an unrelenting fate has closed 
The portal of success, to staud opposed 
No longer to the world, to move aside, 
And never more to struggle with the tide. 
The Admiral held within his trembling hand 
The Queen's commission. What availed its grand 
And empty titles ? They were dreams, no more. 
He stood upon the solitary shore. 

A moment, he could dash it in the sea, 

Renounce his vain delusion, and be free ; 

Or, stay ! Should he resist and strive again 

Alone, unaided, with the hate of men, 

To what result — despair and death, or — yes, 

One lingering gleam of hope, perhaps success. 

Fate spoke. He did resist. He did succeed, 

And from the realm of fable freed 

A world; and one poor Genoan seaman's name 

You read emblazoned on the page of fame. 

There is one motto in the world, " Succeed." 

One only. All the others do but lead 

To this. This watchward follow. When despair 

Is conquering, high aloft this ensign bear, 

As great Columbus did some time, we know, 

Perhaps to-day, four hundred years ago. 

Ladies and Gentlemen : 

Every college has certain established customs, 
some special events, which are dear to the hearts of 
its students and friends. Our own college has such 
customs, and we meet here this afternoon to cele- 
brate the happiest, best one of all — our Ivy Day. 

It is with great pleasure that we see so many of 
our friends gathered here, and we receive your 
presence as a testimony of your friendship and good- 
will toward Old Bowcloin. We extend to you all 
a hearty welcome and hope that you will so enter 
into the spirit of our exercises that you may take 
away with you very pleasant recollections of our 
college, and of the class of '93. 

When we entered Bowdoiu, in the fall of '89, we 
uumberedabout forty-five. Since then variouscauses 
have rendered necessary the departure of so many of 
our classmates that we now have the honor of being 
the smallest class in college. Size, however, is no 
standard by which to judge us, for what we lack in 
quantity we fully make up in quality. The cus- 
tomary standard by which the classes in a college 
are rated, is their ability in athletics. One would 
hardly expect our small band to accomplish very 
much in this line, yet '93 stands among the fore- 
most in the different college sports. We have 
entered all, and in all we have achieved success. On 
the diamond we have been beaten but once in the 
past three years; we have furnished our share of 
men for all the Varsity teams; and upon the 
river our crew has gained for us an honor never 
held by any other class of Bowdoin College, — the 
honor of winning both the Freshman and Sopho- 



more boat races. '91 boasted of the number of men 
they placed on the Varsity crew, yet the most impor- 
tant position on that crew was filled by a '93 man. 
Of what avail would have been their mighty mus- 
cles had it not been for the coolness and skill of 
our worthy coxswain? There is also in the college 
library a silver cup which has borne, for the past 
year, the "Orange aud Black," indicative of our 
victory at the last Field-Day. 

The secret of our successes is unity. Firm and 
strong are the ties of friendship which have bound 
us together. Our class has been second only to our 
college, and ever has our watchword been "for 
Bowdoin and '93." 

As we pause here at the end of our Junior year, 
aud let our minds wander back over our college life, 
the memories of the days which are past crowd 
upon us with startling clearness. What a season of 
new and strange experiences was that part of our 
course, which may truly be called the childhood of 
a college life, — the Freshman year ! Many and 
varied were the lessons learned in those days of our 
innocence and inexperience, and, although our vig- 
orous teachers occasionally dampened our ardor 
and enthusiasm, their ever watchful care and disci- 
pline brought us safely through those childhood clays, 
and we passed into our youth able and willing to 
aid in the management and instruction of a new 
class of infants. Our youth was uneventful. The 
time was partly spent in the performance of our duty 
to our younger brother, gently restraining his 
impetuosity, and mildly chastising his childish 
follies; and partly in the continuance of our work 
which prepared us for the dignity and seriousness 
of the manhood of our course — the Junior year. 
This year is rapidly nearing its end. The prime 
of our college life is over. In a few short months 
another class will take our place and we will pass 
into the old age of our college course. 

A feeling of sadness steals over us as we realize 
that soon this happy life will end, that the ties 
which have bound us so firmly together for the past 
three years will be sundered, and we be separated 
aud scattered, perhaps never to met together 
again. Yet whatever may be our positions in life, 
wherever our duties may call us, always will there 
remain in our hearts the love for the dear old col- 
lege aud the friendship for our classmates of '93. 

We close our exercises to-day with the customary 
planting of the Ivy. Before doing so it is my duty 
to distribute a few appropriate gifts among my 
classmates, rewarding those who, as specialists, 
have brought renown upon themselves and the class. 

The President: 

Bowdoin being such an athletic college and '93 
such a class of athletes, I have naturally deemed it 
my duty to recognize here to-day the ability of one 
of our most brilliant stars. True, he is but one of a 
constellation, yet he is a star of the first magnitude. 
I have called him a gymnast, but that represents 
only one of the "many branches of athletics in which 
he shines. If you had seen him during the winter 
term, as he whiled away in the gymnasium those 
pleasant hours which we all so much enjoyed, grace- 
fully performing his difficult feats upon the bar and 
on the mats; if you had seen him exerting his 
herculean strength in his wrestling bouts with our 
gymnasium instructor, aud handling the "mits" 
with ease and grace to the discomfiture of his 
fellow-classmates, you would surely join us in echo- 
ing his praises here to-day. Mr. Chamberlain, I 
feel a pleasure in presenting to you this small token 
of our appreciation of your merit aud ability. 

Mr. Chamberlain said: 

Mr. President and Members of '93, Ladies and Gentlemen : 
As I look upon this mattress, so emblematic of 
the gymnast and athlete, many thoughts, connected 
with our three years in college, crowd through my 
mind. I remember especially when, after our 
Freshman dinner in Portland, a similar mattress 
was presented to our classmate, "Gerry," who was 
honored with the title "Class Tumbler." How 
little did I expect at that time to bear to-day the 
still more exalted appellation of "Class Gymnast." 
But the fact that I have been able to attain to 
this high position is a proof of the advantage to be 
derived from steady and systematic training. In 
every department of life, physical, mental, and 
moral, training and discipline are the two factors 
necessary to assure success, and knowing this 
principle I have applied myself diligently to 
becoming perfect in body. To all who frequent the 
gymnasium the spectacle of me is familiar as I dis- 
port myself on the mats, Whirl on the bar, or 
swing high in air on the trapeze; and even when not 
in sight the splashing in the direction of the bath-tubs 
will always betray my whereabouts. My attendance 
in the gymnasium has ever been such as often to call 
forth comment from the Faculty, and even Pro- 
fessor Whittier himself has frequently mentioned 
to me my regularity— in "cutting." 

Unfortunately for this audience the gown of the 
Junior hides my rounded and swelling muscles, else 
you might see before you a form like to that of the 



Grecian Hercules. Constant training has made me 
thus and reduced me to my present size and weight, 
which, by the way, all my wonderful gastronomical 
feats are unable to change. But, sad to relate, the 
band of athletes at Bowdoin is small and constantly 
decreasing. We have lost many during my connec- 
tion with the college, and when last year Jackson, the 
perfect man of '91, left us I involuntarily exclaimed' 
" Another of us is gone !" 

And now I hope that the listeners will pardon a 
slight digression which will illustrate the strength 
of my athletic craze. 

Last summer I made a visit on an uncle of 
mine, who lived in a small rural village, not 
far from my own municipality. One day, 
as usual, I was boasting before the family of 
my gymnastic feats, how much I had lifted, how 
high I had jumped, and how swiftly I had run. 
Suddenly my uncle looked up and said that ashisback 
was lame with the rheumatism it would be a great 
favor to him and good training for me if, during my 
visit, I would saw and split the winter's supply of wood. 
I waited to hear no more. Hastening to my room 
I packed up my belongings, left the society of 
my uncle's family, and, like the Arab, silently stole 

But to return to more sober narrative. Pew 
among you will appreciate the honor of being chosen 
"Gymnast" from such a distinguished class as 
'Ninety-three. 'Ninety-three entered Bowdoin as a 
small band, and after losing many men has become 
the smallest class in college. Yet few classes can 
boast of having achieved greater or more lasting 
athletic renown! No class is better represented in 
the Annual Athletic Exhibition. Once have we 
gained the best record at Field-Day. Both of our 
ball games have been won by us, and better than 
that cannot be done. And finally we have held 
for two years the Championship of the Andros- 
coggin, an honor of which no other class in the 
history of the college can boast. 

Yes, 'Ninety-three has run a good race and 
deserves well the credit given her. In the great rec- 
ord of the classes read at the last Day, we shall hear 
rolled forth four familiar names, 'Ninety-five famed 
for its brashness, 'Ninety-four for its horn concert, 
'Ninety-two for its reforms, and, greatest of all, 
'Ninety-three, renowned for its athletic victories. 

The President: 

Our Phunuy Man ! Dear friends, you cauuot 
imagine what painful recollections this epithet 
brings to us; recollections of the mauy, many times 

we have had to suffer in silence the jokes and puns 
of our would-be humorist. His jokes are wonderful. 
Hours have been spent in the vain attempt to dis- 
cover in them some hidden point. His puns are the 
most marvelous distortions of the English language 
ever invented by human brain. His ready tongue 
is no respecter of persons or circumstances. He 
has been known to make the remark, while sitting 
in a barber's chair, that he thought he could razor 
beard. I am happy to say he escaped without 
serious injury. Perhaps he will favor us this after- 
noon with a few of his intellectual gems. 

Mr. Lambert, please accept from your class this 
book. May it replenish your stock of jokes and 
furnish you with an outfit sufficient to carry you 
through the remainder of your course. 

Mr. Lambert said : 

Mr. President, Fellow-classmates : 

It is with the most profound and sincere thanks 
that I receive this gift, realizing that it is a token of 
your appreciation of my natural as well as of my 
acquired ability, and, as I receive this little souvenir, 
my mind goes back to the time when first I set foot 
upon the campus, which, like myself, possessed a 
great amount of verdency. How little did I then 
think, that beneath my coat of greenness there 
lay such mighty powers ready to spring into life and 
activity ! How little 1 thought that in less than 
three years I should reach this point, the very 
pinnacle of my ambition ! But so it is. And now, 
ladies and gentlemen, allow me to give to you a 
brief account of my mode of procedure in the at- 
tainment of this glorious preminence. When I en- 
tered upon my duties here in '89 I did so with a 
determination to ascertain what were my natural 
talents; and, after learning this, I resolved not to 
bury the one I possessed but to improve upon it 
as best I could. This I did, aud, as a result of my 
first exercise, there was not a member of '92 that 
dared moisten my golden locks more than once ; 
for, no sooner had the contents of a water-pail 
been allowed to pursue its solitary way toward me, 
than I concentrated my powers upon the principal 
actor and made him feel my superiority to such an 
extent that instead of yelling out " water freshie," 
in au exultant tone he would ejaculate the very 
same words (as it seemed from the sound) iu a tone 
of deepest surprise and admiration. 

The frosts of winter soon put a stop to the duck- 
ing business, however, and even the smallest of us 
could roam over the campus at will, but after the 


warm days of spring came, and hill and dale had 
put on its summer garb of green, representatives 
from the upper classes, lead by a small botanical 
specimen of '92, resolved to quell my ardent spirit 
by leaving me behind in a sprinting contest; con- 
sequently, they prevailed upon me to enter the race 
with them. I entered, and at the end of the first 
heat we were one abreast, your humble servant 
taking the lead ; again we tried it, the same result, 
yet once again we sped over the course, "freshie" 
was ahead; thereupon the aforesaid botanical spec- 
imen of '92, thinking it to be in keeping with the 
time for him to leave, plead with me earnestly to 
race once more with one of his superiors ; and, at 
last, being much besought, I accepted. We took 
our places; and, at the word " go," we went; with 
streaming faces we went; with bulging eyes we 
went; and with determination we went ; but I went 
faster than he did, and the race was mine. But 
this was not all, for '92 (and I say this with the 
utmost respect for that class of honored men), I 
repeat, '92, thinking this athletic demonstration too 
good to be hidden from the public eye, gave a hint 
of it in their little diary that came out soon after, 
and through some misjudgment the point of the 
joke therein contained was directed toward me. '92 
can see a joke, but she can't see which end the 
point is on. 

Well, time wore on and almost before I was 
aware of it my first year was gone and I had en- 
tered upon the wild, reckless life of a Soph., which 
(as you well know) is equaled only by that of a 
western cow-boy ; but I did not celebrate my own 
good fortune by exercising my power over those 
whose experience in college life had just began to 
germinate, until the class games came off; and 
then I felt it my duty to do all I could for '93, but, 
in the wild confusion of the foot-ball game, my work 
was not very effective; in fact, ladies and gentle- 
men, I never was very much of a "kicker." At the 
base-ball game, however, I was a "rattler," and, 
though I can hardly believe it myself, it was reported 
that the victory of '93 was due, in a great measure, if 
not wholly, to my brilliant coaching and my power 
of rattling the Freshman at the bat so that he 
could not tell a base hit from a foul ; and still I did 
not even attempt to make him believe them to be 
synonymous terms. 

Soon the Sophomore year was a memory of the 
misty past, and I entered my Junior year with the 
determination to show my classmates here, at least, 
how completely I had mastered the science of 
punnology ; so I began with the greatest and in a 

short time I had entered upon the task of convincing 
the least; but he soon had his Phil, and I left 
the two brothers together to gather what they could 
from my reasoning. Since that time I have been the 
acknowledged punster of the college and have been 
offered a " belt " several times, but I declined with 
thanks, simply because I did not have the face to 
accept it, although I was very much impressed with 
the striking attitude the would-be rewarder assumed 
when he informed me of bis intentions. But time will 
not allow me to dwell longer upon my "punnological" 
acquirements ; yet allow me in closing to say, fellow- 
classmates, that, although I have, with apparent 
ease, gained this sublime height, in reality, it has 
not been without work, wakefulness, and worry- 
ment, but still I feel amply rewarded for it all, inas- 
much as I have reached the top of the ladder. T 
assure you, moreover, that the success with which 
I am now crowned has not been due entirely to anat- 
ural talent, but to diligeut cultivation, and develop- 
ment of that which we all possess. You can climb this 
ladder of fame as successfully as I have done ; but 
you cannot gain the top by a sudden leap; you 
must toil upward step by step; and the secret of 
the final victory lies in not failing to get a round 
every day. 

The heights by great men reached and kept 

Were not attained by sudden flight, 
But they, while their companions slept, 

Were toiling upward in the night. 

The President : 

Owing to the nearness of the final examinations 
our class plugger was unable to appear before you 
this afternoon, so we shall have to excuse him. 

It would have been exceedingly difficult to 
choose any one intellectual giant to represent us 
here to-day. We are all giants mentally. For 
proof of this fact we refer you to Professors 
Hutchins and Moody, who have been astonished 
so often at our remarkable achievements in the 
class-room. We have, however, a man eminently 
fitted, physically, to bear the honor of class 
giant. His gigantic form, the pride and admiration 
of his friends, is a well known feature of our campus. 
His immense size, however, is often an inconven- 
ience to him. It is, indeed, embarrassing to have 
the shoe dealer say that the only thing he has that 
will fit is a shoe box. 

While traveling, our friend is often taken for a 
circus giant, and it is not an uncommon sight to see 
him followed by a crowd of youngsters, staring at 
him with all their might. 



Knowing that, in his old age, he will find diffi- 
culty in moviug such a huge structure, I have pro- 
cured for him this cane which, with careful use, 
will serve him long and faithfully. 

Mr. Shaw, I present this to you, hoping that it 
will prove a strong support in your days of feebleness. 


Mr. Shaw said : 

my long-sought-after ally ! my rescuer, my 
fort, my invaluable need ! Had I but found thee in 
my earlier afflictions I would have long since been 
traversing the broad avenues to prosperity, and 
never would pride have been changed to humilia- 
tion and humiliation to painful submission ! Yet, I 
say, these and a thousand other grievances would I 
have gladly endured, could I have only known 
that in the end my labors would have been thus 

In order that you may all understand, and par- 
ticipate in my exuberant emotions, I will make 
known to you the relations which exist between 
myself and this massive cane. 

When quite young, and then of rather diminu- 
tive stature, I foolishly sought the realms of an old 
prophetess, where were expounded to me the impor- 
tant events of my future. Among other thiugs I 
was told that I should be of most uncommon size. 
I assure you that I was very highly elated at this 
good news. It needed only my boyhood fancies to 
supply the rest. I was, at once, the giant, the 
warrior, and the statesman. As I gradually began 
to assume the form and proportions of my ideal, I 
strove that my actions also might conform with his. 
Yet, however stately I carried myself, however like 
Hercules did I strive to appear, no one seemed to 
appreciate me. No one admired my size ; no one 
reverenced me. For a while I sought in vain the 
reasons for this neglect. But 'tis rare that a dili- 
gent seeker never finds, and I was no exception to 
the rule ; for one day, while intently studying an 
old portrait of a giant, and wondering what it was 
that made him so imposing, my eyes for an instant 
rested upon his massive club, and behold ! I had 
won. 'Twas the club which he had and the cane 
which I lacked. 

The next thing was for me to find the cane. 
But hunt as I might, nothing would suit me; noth- 
ing was large enough ; nothing was of fine enough 
quality; and I must confess that I was too modest 
to order one made. Therefore I was compelled to 
do the next best thing; I procured an enor- 

mous umbrella, with which I paraded the streets 
for over two years; in fact, until the second 
week of my life in Brunswick, when, alas-! a rainy 
day and "per order of janitor" robbed me of my 
treasure. Strange as it may seem, my whole Soph- 
omore year passed by, and still no cane. 

During this present year my heart gave one great 
bound, for I thought I saw my chance, but again I 
was fooled, and, as well as the Freshmen, was forced 
for a while to mourn my loss, which loss, I fear, 
would have continued indefinitely had not my 
class, through their worthy president, kindly pre- 
sented me with this beautiful cane. 

Thus they have not only brought to a close all 
the doubts and confusions, which existed in regard 
to my lawful and dignified position above mankind, 
but they have also added another to their untar- 
nished list of famous deeds. For what other class 
has even had the honorable duty of paying homage 
to such a giant? Indeed, at the Ivy exercises of a 
year ago, the class which has always boasted of its 
superiority in stature, could find within its numbers 
no person worthy to receive such an honor as you 
have conferred upon me. And they were com- 
pelled to bestow the distinction for eminence of 
physical proportion, with the appropriate insignia, 
upon one so slighted by nature as to merit the 
appellation— class runt. But you all will acknowl- 
edge that he and I are hardly comparable. Indeed, 
as this cane is pre-eminently above all others, thus 
am I to the squalid pigmies of former classes. 

But do not think, classmates, that, in my 
happiness, I feel no deep gratitude towards you, 
who have, this afternoon, thus honored me. Nay, 
rather believe me when I say that my joy is only 
an ever-flowing spring of thankfulness which will 
continue to gush forth until the last remembrances 
of you all are lost in oblivion. 

The President: 

It is strange what curious freaks of nature we 
sometimes meet. We have such an anomaly in our 
class. I have called it an obstinate man. The 
more common term would be a " chronic kicker." 
You naturally ask what kind of a thing that is. 
Did you ever know a person who would refuse to 
eat his dinner if he thought you wished him to ? 
That is the kind of "kicker" we possess. His 
greatest delight is in being obstinate, in opposing 
the wishes of others. I truly believo that he would 
become frantic with disappointment should he think 
he was pleasing somebody. 

Mr. Barker, there are other kickers in the world 



besides yourself. I have been able to find one here 
in Brunswick and to-day I present to you his like- 
ness. May it be a constant reminder that if you 
persist in your obstinacy you will meet in life many 
kindred spirits as able and willing to kick as your- 

Mr. Barker replied : 

Mr. President : 

Words cannot and will not express the great 
pleasure that I feel in receiving from your hands 
this beautiful work of art. I do not know why you 
wish to bestow upon me this relic of the old masters, 
but I suppose you wish in return for it a flowery 
speech, replete with simile, metaphor, and allegory, 
one that will hold the undivided attention of the 
audience, and one that will reflect back upon you a 
bit of its glory, for having had the wisdom and 
foresight to bring such an illustrious classmate of 
yours before these people assembled. 

But, Mr. President, you forget. I am obstinate. 
I shall do nothing of the kind. You give me this 
with the evident expectation that I shall put on it 
a little tag with these words: "Presented by the 
President of the Class of '93," and donate it to the 
new art building as a memorial to you. But no, — 
I shall neither do this nor, as I said before, shall I 
give you a discourse on obstinacy, either in its 
collective or distributive, relative or absolute, ab- 
stract or concrete sense. You should expect nothing 
of the sort if you are to hold me up before this 
audience as an obstinate man. Mr. President, we 
must live up to the standard that other people set 
for us. 

I am very glad not to please you with a speech. 
It is against my nature to assist in any way 
the plans of others, so I shall simply withdraw, 
sincerely hoping that, in doing so, I am acting just 
contrary to your wishes. 

The President : 

The last presentation I make in all sincerity. 
The recipient has well deserved the popularity he 
has won. He has worked faithfully and unselfishly 
for his college and his class, and his devotion, 
combined with his always jolly disposition and his 
many other personal qualities, have made him a 
favorite with all who know him. 

Many times has he sacrificed his own interests 
for the interest of Bowdoin ; always has he been a 
true friend of his classmates and fellow-students. 
I need not praise him more. You all know whom 

I mean, — the scholar, the gentleman, the athlete of 
Bowdoin, the popular man of '93. 

Mr. Carleton, I present this spoon to you with 
the heartiest wishes of your class. Please accept 
it as a token of their esteem. 

Mr. Carleton said: 

Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen : 

The statement is frequently made that a man 
without friends has little to live for. From the 
conception of what we term the enjoyments that 
make up this life, such a statement is undoubtedly 
true. For what pleasure in life can there be for 
a man who cannot count among his acquaintances 
one friend. 

Classmates, I thank you for this mark of affec- 
tion that you have bestowed upon me. Would that 
it were in my power to express in words the appre- 
ciation I have of your kindness in thus conferring 
upon me this honor, which, if not the greatest, is 
at least the most agreeable and pleasing that 
you have in your power to grant. For cer- 
tainly the knowledge that one is popular among his 
fellows is pleasing, not only in college life, but in 
life anywhere. 

Evidently to consider one's self the most popular 
man in his class, as the presentation of this spoon 
signifies, one must hold a most exalted opinion of 
himself. I, at any rate, consider it as showing that 
I hold a place in the good- will and affection of the 
members of '93, and I am .content with this, since, 
in itself, it is no small honor. In the past there has 
always been more or less rivalry between members 
of classes, but we can truthfully say of '93 that 
from its first organization it has been entirely free 
from this evil. Because the class is distinguished 
by its unanimity of opinion, by the smoothness of its 
elections, and by the general good feeling that has 
prevailed so far throughout the course, it brings 
out all the more clearly that there must be more 
than one popular man in the class. It shows plainly 
that each one has the good-will of his fellows. 

In the face of such facts as these, to take for 
granted that there is only one popular man in the 
class, would be presumptuous. Therefore, in 
accordance with custom, my classmates have 
appointed me to act as their representative, and to 
receive this gift as a token of the good-fellowship 
that exists between us. 

Again, classmates, let me express my gratitude 
for this spoon, the bestowal of which was due to 



do effort of mine, but -wholly to your kindness. 
This event I will ever remember as the pleasantest 
of my college course, and your gift, which I have 
been deemed worthy to keep in trust for all the 
others, I will ever guard and cherish. 

After the presentations, the class marched 
out and planted the ivy by the western wall 
of Memorial, singing the following ode, the 
words of which are by Mr. Clifford : 


Air: " Old Friends and Old Times." 
By these gray walls, reared in memory, 
We plant the Ivy. of 'Ninety-three. 
Thoughts hover o'er of days that are gone, 
Days bright with mem'ries of friendships won. 
Ever in concord our path has lain, 
Ne'er darkened o'er with sadness or pain. 

In harmony, ever to be, 

We worship thee, dear 'Ninety-three. 

These days of gladness soon ebb away ; 
But, back in fancy, thoughts oft will stray. 
Ties that have bound us e'er will be strong, 
Linked by the joys which to college belong. 
Firm as the ivy clingeth on high, 
Fondly our friendships will cling, ne'er to die. 

In harmony, ever to be, 

We worship thee, dear 'Ninety-three. 

With this, the exercises closed. They 
were followed by the Seniors' Last Chapel, 
which was witnessed' by as many people as 
could find room in the chapel. 

In the evening the Ivy Hop occurred in 
Town Hall and, as usual, was a brilliant 

I^hyme ar?d I^eai,©^, 


I wrote a song once in my prime 
To make folks laugh, I wrote it. 

I wasted all my leisure time 

Trying to find words that would rhyme. 
I was bound I wouldn't quote it. 

I boomed along on bird and gird 
On lay and play and way, sir, 
But I stuck on one great lovely word, 

The grandest I had ever heard, 
I couldn't make that fay sir. 

I searched the realms of poetry, 

No poet e'er had used it. 
I called on Teunysou, and he, 
Great Scott ! if you could only see 

How that good man abused it. 

I was mad : I hunted one whole night 

Until I struck on Unctious. 
'Twas just the thing, ft fitted right. 
I laughed to think I'd been so bright. 

The word was " Superflumbunctious! ' 

Literary friends were summoned 

When the song was quite completed. 
They came in crowds with merry din, 
Each face wore an expectant grin, 
They came to hear it repeated. 

The whole thing melted them to tears, 

('Twas queer as I could make it) 
And so to me it still appears, 
Seen through the mists of many years, 
And yet they didn't take it. 

As usual Memorial Day 
was rainy and disagreea- 
ble. There were no special services 
held at the college, though in the town 
the day was observed in the usual 

Turner, '90, paid us a visit recently. 
Prof. Little has returned from Washington. 
Hanscomb, the special, has left us for the year. 
The masons have begun their work at the Art 

This warm weather brings out the spring suits 
in great profusion. 

Dr. Mason preached the sermon to the G. A. E., 
a week ago Sunday. 

The Pray English Prize of fifty dollars has been 
awarded to H. C. Emery. 



Both Colby and Bates expect to put foot-ball 
teams in the field this fall. 

Prof. Lee has recovered from his rheumatism 
sufficiently to hear recitations. 

Prof. Moody for the second time in two years 
gave the Sophomores au adjourn the other day. 

It seemed odd for the annual boat race to pass 
off without the usual Pield-Day following it. 

First place in the 0. A. X. Tennis Tournament 
was won by Pickard, '94, who defeated Bucknam in 
the finals. 

Pendleton, '90, Minot, Packard, Hastings, and 
P. C. Newbegin, '91 , passed a part of last week at 
the college. 

The Young Meu's Christian Association is getting 
up a band-book which will be of great service to 
the next year's Freshmen. 

Sheriff Despeaux, says Dame Rumor, paid a visit 
to one of the dormitories lately. As yet, however, 
no Sophomores are missing. 

May 25th the Brunswick High School nine de- 
feated the college second nine, 22 to 12, in a fairly 
well played game on the delta. 

Among those present at the Ivy-Day exercises 
were Carroll, '88, Royal, '90, P. C. Newbegin, Simon- 
ton, Chas. Hastings, and Packard, '91. 

Considerable interest has been taken in the col- 
lege tennis tournament; at some of the sets there 
were fifty or more of the students present. 

The Senior Chemistry Division took tea with 
Prof. Robinson, and the Sophomore Greek Division 
passed an enjoyable evening at Prof. Woodruffs 

The usual number of Sub-Freshman were in 
town Field and Ivy days. '96 will be a large class 
if the number of applicants for the June examina- 
tions is a criterion. 

Before the next number of the Orient appears 
'93's Bugle will probably have made its debut. Mean- 
while the editors are packing up their belongings 
preparatory to flight. 

The Senior Class Supper, June 1st, was a most 
enjoyable occasion. Supper, speeches, stories, and 
jokes all were good, and the whole affair was most 
successful. Andrews was caterer and served a fine 
repast. Lazell, Wood, and R. Bartlett were the 

During the past week a phrenologist has been 
interpreting the boys' bumps for them, and it has 
been a very amusing and favorite pastime to get a 

crowd of students together and let one of the 
number "have his head examined" for the benefit 
of the rest. 

The Senior ball game showed that '92 has about 
the usual amount of base-ball talent among those of 
members who do not make a practice of playing its 
national game. The game should be considered 
a decided success, as no one was seriously injured 
and the game was called after less than three hours' 

The mock trial to decide "Who Stole the 
Rooster?" was held in the Town Hall, May 24th. 
Lord, '94, posed as the culprit, and Jones and P. 
Shaw, '93, were on the jury, as were also Professor 
Hutchins and Mr. Wheeler. The whole trial proved 
amusing, and many good hits were made by the 

Dana, '94, and Payson, '93, represent Bowdoins 
in singles in the Intercollegiate Tennis at Port- 
land this week, Dana and Payson, and Pierce and 
Pickard are the teams in doubles. Howard and 
Sturgis will be among Bates' representatives. Play 
in the tournament begins Tuesday afternoon, and 
the finals will probably be played on Friday. 

The prizes for excellence in English Composi- 
tion, open to all members of the Senior class, have 
been awarded as follows : Firsts, Leon M. Fobes, 
Henry C. Emery ; seconds, Earl B. Wood, Harry 
F. Linscott. Emery also secured first place in the 
contest for the Brown Composition Prizes for 
Extemporaneous Composition. E. B. Wood was 
awarded the second prize. 

The large number of men who have accompanied 
the ball team on its two Lewiston trips was a grat 
ifying sign of the interest the college takes in its 
team. The nine have played good ball and have 
nothing iu their record thus far to be ashamed of. 
The college owes them their support, and it is only 
right that as many men as possible should go with 
them to their games away from home. 

Commencemeut Appointments of 1892 are: 
Orations — P. Bartlett, Fobes, Emery, Hull, Kimball, 
Linscott, Wood; Philosophical Disquisitions— R. F. 
Bartlett, Field, G-urney, Nichols, Pennell, Rich, 
Wathen ; Literary Disquisitions— Abbott, Gummer, 
Kenniston, Lazell, A. M. Merriman, J. D. Merri- 
man, Poore, Young; Disquisitions — Bean, Downes, 
Durgin, Mann, Smith, Stacy, Parcher, Swett, Wil- 
son ; Discussions — Cothren, Hodgdon ; Commence- 
ment Speakers— Percy Bartlett, Fobes, Emery, Hull, 
Kimball, Linscott, Wood, and one of the following 
three to be determined by lot — R. F. Bartlett, Nichols, 



Pennell; also on merit of written part presented, 
Gummer and Rich ; Salutatorian — oDe of the fol- 
lowing four to be determined by lot — Emery, Fobes, 
Linscott, Wood. The speaker, selected by lot, is 
Nichols. The salutatorian, selected by lot, is Wood. 

/?t¥ e ti®s- 

Bowdoin, IS; Colby, 17. 

A league game was played at Waterville with 
Colby, May 25th. 

Farrington pitched an excellent game except in 
the fifth inning, when it looked for a few minutes as 
though Colby would have everything her own way. 
The Bowdoins recovered, however, in time to save 
the game. 

The score : 


A.E. R. E.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Allen, c, 6 1 4 2 

Savage, lb 5 3 1 3 12 

Fairbanks, 3b., .... 6 1 2 4 2 2 

Downes, r.f., 6 1 2 4 1 1 1 

Hutchinson, s.s., ... 3 3 2 2 2 3 2 

Hinkley, Li., 4 3 1 1 2 1 

Chapman, c.f 4 2 1 1 1 

Sykes,2b 1 3 3 3 

Farrington, p 5 1 2 2 1 2 2 

Totals, 40 18 11 17 26* 14 7 


A.B. R. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Hall, c.f., 6 2 2 2 1 1 

Kalloch, r.f., 4 3 3 3 1 

Bonney, lb., G 10 1 

Latlip, l.f 3 3 1 1 1 

Hoxie, 2b., 3 3 1 1 2 2 

Reynolds, c, 3 2 1 1 6 i 3 

Lombard, 3b 1 1 1 1 

Barnes, p 1 1 1 1 1 1 

Whitman, p 1 

Jackson, s.s., .... 3 2 1 1 1 2 2 

Purinton, 3b., p., ... 5 1 2 2 1 

Totals 36 17 9 9t 25 9 12 


Bowdoin, ....07213201 2—18 
Colby 4 111 1 0—17 

*Reynolds out, running out of line. 

twinning run made with two out. 

Bowdoin, 5; M. C. I., 4. 
The game with the Maine Central Institute at 
Pittsfleld, Thursday, May 26th, resulted in a victory 
for Bowdoin. Ten innings, however, were necessary 

to decide the game, which was one of the most inter- 
esting and pleasing exhibitions of ball playing that 
we have witnessed this season. The following is the 
score by innings : 

123456789 10 
M. C. I., . . . 2 1 1 0—4 
Bowdoin, ...200100100 1—5 

Bowdoins, 31 ; Pine Trees, 13. 
In a rather loosely played game Bowdoin defeated 
the Pine Trees (Kent's Hill) at Augusta, on Satur- 
day, May 28th. Only eight innings were played. 
Score : 

Innings 123456789 

Pine Trees, 32110411 x— 13 

Bowdoins 28631443 x— 31 

Bowdoin, 9 ; Pioneers, S. 

On Monday, May 30th, the Pioneers of Lewiston 
were defeated on the Delta. The game was a hard 
fought one, and characterized by the general excel- 
lence of the playing of both teams. Score by in- 
nings : 

Innings, 123456789 

Pioneers, 11220020 0—8 

Bowdoin, 02100402 x— 9 

Boiodoin, 14 ; Colby, 9. 
Wednesday, June 1st, Bowdoin played her last 
league game of the season with Colby. Bowdoin 
led up to the eighth inning, when Colby brought 
in seven runs, but at their turn at the bat the home 
team, too, sent seven men across the plate, thus again 
o-aining the lead. Downs kept up the record he has 
won this year for heavy batting, and, together with 
Hutchinson, did some excellent work with the 
"stick." Farrington pitched au excellent game. 
The following is the score in detail : 

A.B. R. IB. T.B. S.H. P.O. A. E. 

Allen, c 5 1 10 

Savage, lb. 2 4 1 1 10 

Fairbanks, 3b 42112021 

Downes, r. f 3 2 2 3 

Hutchinson, s.s., ....5023135 3 

Hinkley, 1. f 5 1 1 1 2 

Chapman, c. f., .... 5 2 1 1 

Sykes, 2b., 51000221 

Farrington, p., ....41110000 

Totals 38 14 9 11 3 27 9 5 


A.B. R. lB.T.B. S.H. P.O. A. E. 

Hall, c 51251211 

Reynolds, 3b., 30000302 

Bonney, lb., 5 1 1 1 110 1 

Latlip, l.f., 51000300 

Hoxie, 2b 41110222 

Purington, s. s., p 4 1 2 5 

Totman, c. f., 5 2 110 2 11 

Barnes, r. f 4 1 1 1 

Nichols, p., s. s 4 1 2 3 1 1 

Totals, 39 9 7 11 3 24 12 7 




Innings 123456789 

Bowdoin, 20200217 x— 14 

Colby, 002000070—9 

Umpire, Kelley. 

Bowdoin, 14 ; Boston University, 2. 
Bowdoin's seventh consecutive victory was won 
on the Delta, last Thursday, over the Boston Uni- 
versity team. This exhibition game took the place 
of the regular annual Field-Day meet, at Topsham, 
but was nearly as listless and uninteresting as some 
of the recent Field-Day exhibitions have been. The 
home team was more than a match for the visitors, 
who were outplayed from the start. Downes pitched 
a very effective game, and seems to be getting back 
his old-time speed. A brilliant double play was 
made by Hutchinson, Sykes, and Savage. Only seven 
innings were played. The score : 

Innings 12 8 4 5 6 7 

Boston University, 2000000—2 

Bowdoin 24122 3 x— 14 

Umpire, Dana. 

Bates, S ; Bowdoin, 4. — Game Protested. 

On Saturday, June 4th, Bowdoin played at Lewis- 
ton its third game with Bates, and was defeated by 
one score. The last inning was played under pro- 
test, because of a decision of Umpire Kelley. The 
game was the most exciting of the league series this 
season, and was witnessed by about one hundred 
Bowdoin boys who encouraged the team by their 
college yells, and tried with horns and shouts to 
drown out the no less uproarous Bates students. 

In the first inning Bowdoin was unable to score, 
while for the Bates Putnam hit a ball which went 
over the canvas and brought him home. In the 
second Bowdoin got three runs, and in the third 
Bates made four. Score : Bowdoin, 8 ; Bates, 5. 

After the third the game was played very closely, 
neither team making a score till the ninth, when 
Fairbanks got a hit and scored on a single by 
Downes. Then, with Hutchinson's liner near second 
base, came the decision of the umpire which caused 
the protest. The features of the game were the 
catches of Chapman and Hinkley, and the excellent 
pitching of Farrington. This game will give the 
championship for this year to Bates, if the protest is 
decided against us. The score : 

A.B. R. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Hoffman, 2b 3 1 2 2 

Wilson, 3b 4 1 2 2 1 3 3 

Putnam, 1. 1, .... 3 1 1 4 5 

Pennell, lb 4 1 1 1 9 1 

Pulsifer, s. s., . . . . 4 2 3 1 

Wakefield, e. f., ... 4 1 1 1 

Brackett, r. f 4 

Emery, c., 3 7 1 

Mildram, p 3 1 1 1 

Totals 32 5 6 9 27 8 6 


A.B. R. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Allen, c 3 2 2 1 

Savage, lb., 4 14 

Fairbanks, 3b., .... 4 1 1 1 4 1 

Downes, r. f 3 1 1 1 1 

Hutchinson, s. s 4 1 3 

Hinkley, 1. f., .... 4 1 2 

Sykes, 2b. 3 3 2 

Chapman, c. f., . . . . 3 1 1 1 4 

Farrington, p., .... 3 1 

Totals, .... 31 4 3 3 24 12 5 
Innings, ....123456789 

Bates, 10400000 x— 5 

Bowdoins, ...,03000000 1—4 
Earned runs— Bates, 1; Bowdoin, 1. Home run — Put- 
nam. Sacrifice hits — Brackett, Savage, Farrington, Sykes. 
Stolen bases — Wilson, Pennell, Wakefield, Fairbanks (2), 
Hutchinson. First base on errors — Bates, 3; Bowdoin, 3; 
Left on bases — Bates, 5; Bowdoin, 2; First base on balls- 
Hoffman, Putnam, Allen, Downes. Struck out — Wilson, 
Mildram (2), Hinkley, Sykes. Double play — Hoffman 
and Pennell. Passed balls — Emery, 2. Wild pitch — 
Farrington. Time of game — 1 hour 35 minutes. Um- 
pire— S. J. Kelly. 

The class race on the river came off last Thurs- 
day forenoon, after the usual delay in starting. The 
Sophomores had the advantage of a well trained and 
somewhat experienced crew, which, combined with 
the Freshmen's poor steering, easily won the race 
for them. At the finish there was six lengths of 
clear water between the crews. 'Ninety-five kept 
out in the middle of the river during most of the 
course, while 'Ninety-four, by hugging the shore, 
had far less current to row against. Mr. R. H. 
Hunt was the starter. 

The tennis tournament has been finished, although 
somewhat delayed by stormy weather. The winners 
are Dana, in singles, and Dana and Payson in 
doubles, who will represent Bowdoin in the Inter- 
collegiate Tennis Tournament, in Portland, June 
7th, 8th, and 9th. The scores are as follows : 


Winners. Score. 

Downes. Leighton. 6-1 5-6 6-3 

Littlefield. Haggett. 6-0 6-1 

Buoknam. Hinkley. 0-6 6-5 7-5 

Pierce. P. Bartlett. 6-1 6-5 

Mann. B. Bartlett. 6-1 1-6 6-4 

Payson. Fobes. Forfeited to Payson. 


Payson. Fabyan. 6-5 6-2 

Pierce. Mann. 6-0 6-1 

Littlefield. Bucknam. 6-3 6-1 

Dana. Downes. 6-2 6-0 



Pay son. 

R. Bartlett. 
P. Bartlett. 
Hussey. | 
Fabyan. J 
Bryant. ] 
Littlefield. J 
Pierce. ) 
Pickard. J 
Fairbanks. ] 
Hinkley. J 

Downes. i 
Dana. ) 
Paysou. J 
Mann. I 
Emery. ) 

Dana. ) 
Pay son. j 





Payson . 


7-5 10-8 0-6 

Fobes. I 
Jenks. j 

Clifford. I w , 

Thomas, j * ' 

Young. ) 
Durgin. J 
Jones. ) 
Bucknam. j 
Baxter. J ^ 


R. Bartlett. ) 
P. Bartlett. } 
Hussey. j 
Fabyan. j 
Bryant. ( „ 
Littlefield. j * 


( Fabyan 


' Fairbanks. 

Forfeited to K- 
Forfeited to [««£*,_ 


Mann. ) 
Emery. ] 



40.— Isaiah Dole, of 
Keene, N. EL, who died 
recently, was a native of Bloomfield, 
Me. In 1840 he graduated from Bow- 
doin College and entered upon the profes- 
sion of a teacher. Mr. Dole was principal of 
Bluehill and St. Stephen's (N. B.) Academies, and 
was an instructor at the Female Seminary at Gor- 
ham. In 1879 he became counected with the Lasell 
Seminary at Auburndale, Mass., his special depart- 
ment being Latin and Greek. 

'42. — "Editor Alumni Department — My Dear 
Sir: Your circular of April gave me pleasure. In 
1838-9 I had the honor to be junior editor of the 

Bowdoin Portfolio, with B. A. G. Fuller as senior, 
in which I reviewed Irving's "Astoria and the 
Great Northwest." to which Rev. E. and Mary 
(Richardson) Walker, kinsfolk of my family, had 
gone "over the plains" from Maine, as missiona- 
ries, that year. In my Junior year " The Hispano- 
American Republics" was the theme I chose for an 
essay. My uncle, Capt. Seth Rogers, of Boston, in 
the good ship Andes, had made three successive 
and successful voyages "around the Horn" to trade 
with California, from 1820 to 1830, and had brought 
home hides and tallow, and valuable peltries of the 
seal, otter, etc., and endless curios for my delecta- 
tion, and had told me sitting in his lap no end of 
stories of the vaqueros and people of this coast. 
And in President Washington's days, Major Tim- 
othy Blake, paymaster in the Army of the Revolu- 
tion, had been sent to Canton as United States 
Consul-General, and had filled our heads with the 
marvels of Marco Polo and Cathay. I mention 
these things to show my co-alumni how it is that I 
am here to-day and why I have since 1849 taken so 
deep and personal an interest in all matters on the 
Pacific coast, on which, for most of forty-three 
years, I have resided. My children and grandchil- 
dren are now living here, and the graves of my 
dear wife and babes are on these beautiful slopes, 
kissed by the sunshine and breezes of heaven. In 
my retirement from active service as chaplain U. S. 
Army, I give much of my time to medical work 
among the poor. Nest year it is my hope to visit 
the East. How I wish that I could go this year to 
meet the survivors of my class of '42 at the com- 
mencement on this our fiftieth anniversary ! We 
have an Association of Bowdoin Alumni here, num- 
bering some twenty-five or more, over which my 
honored kinsman, the Hon. W. L. Blake, presides. 
The Merritt estate in Oakland, across the bay, 
awaits distribution, when our Alma Mater is, I 
believe, to receive a generous share. But I must 
close. With best wishes and cordial salutations to 
all of Bowdoin's sons, I shall remain ever, 
Sincerely yours, 

Chaeles Moeeis Blake. 

'55. — Hon. Wm. L. Putnam delivered an address 
in Portland, Memorial Day. 

'63, M. S. of M.— Dr. Edward Paul Roche, of 
Bath, died Wednesday evening, aged 55 years. He 
was a graduate of the Maine Medical School. He 
was born in Boston and was assistant-surgeou in 
the 35th Massachusetts regiment. He has practiced 
in Bath thirty years, and was inventor of the Roche 
chafing iron for carriages. He leaves a widow. 



'86.— Levi Turner, Jr., Esq., of this city, lias 
accepted an invitation to deliver the alumni oration 
at the Maine Central Institute, Pittsfleld, where he 
was prepared for college. He will also deliver an 
address before the Theta Delta Chi Fraternity of 
Bowdoin College some time during Commencement 
week. — Portland Press. 

"67.— Mr. E. C. Plummer, editor of the Bath 
Independent, will sail from New York for Antwerp, 
Wednesday, June 1st, for a trip through France, 
Prussia, and the British kingdom. He will he 
accompanied to Paris by Mrs. Plummer, where she 
will remain to continue her work in painting. 

'90.— Cards have been received announcing the 
marriage of Fred John Allen to Miss Ida Lavitt. 
The ceremony is to take place in the Congregational 
church, Alfred, Me., Wednesday, June 8th. At 
home Friday evening, June 17th. The Orient 
sends congratulations to its former Business 

'90. — The Orient is pained to announce the 
death of John M. W. Moody, a former member of 
its editorial staff. He died of consumption, June 2d. 
The funeral was at Auburn, Saturday. 

'91. — In our last issue the name E. G. Irving- 
should read E. G. Loring. 

'91. — It is our sad duty to announce the sudden 
death of Prof. Charles E. Riley, who went out from 
us but one short year ago, a man full of the health, 
strength, and ambitions of early manhood. A per- 
sonal friend to the greater part of the students now 
in college, beloved and respected by all, his death 
has cast a deep shade of sadness over the place he 
loved so well. Charles Edward Riley was born at 
North Conway, N. H., September, 1867. He grad- 
uated from this college with distinction, and last 
September was called to the chair of Mathematics 
and Physics in Drury College, Missouri. Of the 
short year's work he has been permitted to perform 
since he left us, no one is better able to tell us than 
a fellow professor with whom ho labored. "He 
came fresh from his studies, ardent, joyous, enter- 
ing into the life of our students as no professor ever 
had done before. In the class-room he was faithful 
and efficient ; modest in his views of his own attain- 
ments, ambitious for the advance of his department. 
He will long be remembered here for his untiring 
efforts in putting athletic interests onto a good foun- 
dation ; he had worked unsparingly for the boys, 
perhaps beyond even his abundant strength. His 
disease was insidious and misleading ; the best 
medical authority in the city pronounced him as 
entirely convalescing on Friday p.m., on Friday night 

he quickly sank into weakness and unconsciousness, 
and probably without a moment's expectation he 
found himself on Saturday morning in the presence 
of the Saviour whom he had loyally and manfully 
served. He loved home, and he loved Bowdoin; 
only a few days ago I smiled to myself at his un- 
conscious expression, 'Our College,' referring not 
to our Drury but his Alma Mater. In closing let 
me testify again to Prof. Riley's manly, Christian 
life; he was such a man as we could all love, and 
his memory will help us all." A memorial window 
will be placed in the new stone chapel by the stu- 
dents and faculty of Drury. 

'91. — Henry C. Jackson, Physical Instructor at 
Exeter, will give a summer course at the Exeter 

Hall of Eta, Theta Delta Chi. 
Whereas, It hath pleased God, in His infinite 
goodness and love, to call home our beloved brother 
Charles Edward Riley, class of '91, of Bowdoin Col- 
lege, and, 

Whereas, By his death our fraternity has lost a 
most zealous brother, and Bowdoin College a most 
promising son, and the church a most devoted 
servant, be it 

Resolved, That while submitting to the decree 
of the Almighty Father, we as a brotherhood mourn 
his loss, and extend our heartfelt sympathy to those 
who have lost in him a true son and brother; 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be 
sent to the family of the deceased, to the Bowdoin 
Orient, the Shield, and to the several charges of 
Theta Delta Chi Fraternity. 

Howard W. Poor, '92, 
C. C. Bucknam, '93, 
Pliny F. Stevens, '94, 

For the Charge. 

American colleges have been represented in the 
office of President of the United States as follows : 
William and Mary, three; Harvard, two; Prince- 
ton, Bowdoin, Williams, Union, Dixon, Hampden, 
Sydney, Kenyon, Uuiversity of North Carolina, 
West Point, and Miami, one each. 

Ground has been broken at Audoverfor a $1,500 
athletic building. 


The old-fashioned form of Commencement is 
gradually growing in disfavor. Johns Hopkins, 
Columbia, and the University of Michigan have 
done away with Commencement; and Harvard 
finds it harder every year to obtain speakers from 
the students, in so little esteem is the custom held. 
On the other hand the old custom of wearing cap 
and gown is becoming more popular. The Senior 
class of Harvard, Yale, Princeton, Amherst, Will- 
iams, and Dartmouth have adopted the mortar- 
board and gown, and several other universities are 
agitating the same. The Unit s&ys: "The three 
greatest things in college at present are cap and 
gown, uuiversity extension, and foot-ball." 

To-day I donned my Oxford cap and gown 
But fearful lest I've put them on too soon, 
My classic phiz is clouded with a frown: 
Good heavens ! what if I should flunk in June. 

— Williams Weekly. 


"We know that when the college man 

Is plugging for exams., 

He's working "like a beaver" 

By the number of his " damns ! " — Cynic. 
Twenty-four Commencement appointments in 
Harvard's Senior class were made to college athletes 
The class orator is a Japanese. 

The faculty of Leland Stanford has demanded 
the -resignation of the editors of the college monthly 
magazine, the Palo Alto, owing to certain articles 
published in it. 

Gin a body meet a body — 

Each one's throat is dry. 
Gin one body mix some toddy, 

T'other bring some rye. 

Soon each fellow feels quite mellow, 

Spirits running high ; 
Morning comes — those jolly bums 

Hold their heads and sigh. 

— University Cynic. 

The authorities at the new Chicago University 
have adopted four quarters, each consisting of two 
six-weeks terms, as their college year. A student 
may choose any two terms of the college year for 
his vacation. 


" What were you doing last night ? " I said. 

" 'Twas naughty to do thus. 
A black coat sleeve on a white background 

Is quite conspicuous." 

He stammered and blushed, but finally said 

In a half defiant tone, 
" What matters it all to you, anyway ? 

I was only holding my own." 

— Brunonian. 

Lord Salisbury, Chancellor of the University of 
Oxford, has appointed the Historian Froude to the 
chair made vacant by the death af the late Prof. 

" Man wants but little here below ; " 

That cannot be denied, 
But woman wants the earth, you know, 
Then isn't satisfied. 

— Cynic. 

Princeton is to have a new dormitory. It is to 
cost $80,000 and will contain 77 rooms. The site is 
that of the present gymnasium. 

Admission examinations for Harvard will be 
held in 25 places this year, Milwaukee and Loudon 
being assigned for the first time. 

The new dormitory at the University of Penn- 
sylvania, to cost $125,000, will be the largest col- 
lege dormitory in the United States. 

OUR / 0f Your Societ y Bac| s e wi " be 

I Mailed to You through your 
NtW J Chapter upon Application. 


Manufacturers of Finest Plain and Jeweled Society Badges. 

Wright, Kay & Co- 



565 Congress St., - PORTLAND, ME. 



Vol. XXII. 


No. 5. 





C. W. Peabody, '93, Managing Editor. 

H. C. Fabyan, '93, Assistant Managing Editor. 

R. R. Goodell, '93, Business Manager. 

W. P. Chamberlain, '93. H. E. Andrews, '94. 

M. S. Clifford, '93. F. J. Libby, '94. 

F. M. Shaw, '93. F. W. Pickard, '94. 

B. L. Bryant, '95. 

Per annum, in advance, 
Single Copies, 

. $2.00. 
15 Cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Manager. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Manager. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, aud Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Rhyme and Reason Department should be 
ent to Box 1100, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should be sent to Box 097, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post-Office at Br 

r ickas Second-Class Mail Matter. 

Vol. XXII., No. 5.— June 29, 1892. 

Editorial Notes 

The Freshman Banquet 

Commencement Exercises : 

Baccalaureate Sermon 

Junior Prize Declamation 

Class-Day Exercises 



Exercises Under the Old Oak 

Opening Address 

Class History 

Class Prophecy 

Closing Address 

Smoking the Pipe of Peace 

Class Ode 

Cheering the Halls 

Dance on the Green 

Medical School Graduation 


Phi Beta Kappa 

Maine Historical Society 

Alumni Oration 

Commencement Concert 

Fraternity Reunions 

Alumni Meeting 

Meetings of the Boards of Trustees and Overseers 

Commencement Exercises 

Alumni Dinner 

Dines for the Twenty-lifth Anniversary of the Class of '67 

The Walker Art Collection.— Laving of the Corner-Stone.. 

Collegii Tabula 


Intercollegiate Tournament 


In Memoriam 

The results of the Intercollegiate 
Tennis Tournament in Portland should cer- 
tainly be satisfactory to Bowdoin men. 
In a contest of four colleges Bowdoin 
secured the first prize in doubles and the 
second prize in singles. Two handsome cups 
were brought to Brunswick as trophies of 
the victory. The cups were won by different 
men, thus proving our strength in numbers. 
As a matter of fact we had five or six players 
who would have made a creditable showing 
in the tournament. There is no reason why 
next year we may not be just as strong. 
The prize winners will still be in college, 
and the impulse which the Tennis League has 
given to the game, will, undoubtedly, bear 
fruit in the production of rivals, who, instead 
of playing tennis for amusement, as hereto- 
fore, will begin to play it for a purpose. 
We believe the Tennis League has come to 
stay. The great success which it met with 
this year has gone far towards making it one 
of the most popular of the Intercollegiate 
Associations. We wish it long life. Bow- 
doin, at least, will exert all its influence in 
making the tournament a permanent event. 

TITHE '98 Bugle has appeared, and is the 
*■ usual combination of seriousness and 
fun. Among the pictures which it contains 



may be mentioned that of the Phi Beta Kappa 
men of last year, which makes an especially 
fine group. There is a good picture of the 
Labrador explorers at the head of the article 
on the expedition. The humorous portions 
of the volume consist chiefly of "grinds" 
on various harmless individuals, which must 
be read to be appreciated. The press-work 
is especially neat. The book was published 
by the Lakeside Press and Photograph En- 
graving Company of Portland. 

T9 7HEN, a little more than a year ago, the 
** experiment of omitting the music at a 
prize declamation was tried there were some 
misgivings as to the reception which such an 
innovation would have. It was claimed by 
some that the music was all that attracted 
the greater part of the audience, and that 
without it no one could be induced to attend 
the speaking. The experiment, however, has 
been tried and proved a success. There 
seems to be no difficulty in filling the hall, in 
spite of Jitoriny weather and a rival circus. 
A more appreciative audience than formerly 
attends the exercises, and these are shortened 
to a more reasonable length than in previous 
years, when the students insisted upon 
encoring the orchestra several times to get 
their money's worth. 

Y17HIS number of the Orient will find its 
■*• readers among the mountains or on the 
sea-shore, and will remind them of college 
life, which they have forgotten for a time, in 
the first deep plunge into vacation. To 
some this college life is already a dream of 
the past. These we hope to welcome back 
when the time comes round again to renew 
old associations and friendships. Some go 
but for a brief respite from their studies. To 
these we wish a pleasant vacation and good 
luck till we meet again. 

TTTHE price of the Commencement num- 
*- ber of the Orient is twenty-five cents. 
This number will be sent post-paid to any 
address on receipt of the price. Order of 
Byron Stevens, Brunswick, during the sum- 

The Freshman Banquet. 

0N Wednesday, the fifteenth day of June, 
that much-talked-of and long-anticipated 
day, took place the banquet which marked 
the end of '95's first year in Bowdoin Col- 
lege. After the customary amount of "yagg- 
ing" and "guying" and one or two little 
squabbles between the new Sophomores and 
those Upperclassmen who were assembled at 
the station to see them off, the train started 
and the pleasurable trip commenced. 

At the Union Station in Portland, after 
giving the college and class yells, the party 
formed and marched up Congress Street to 
the air of Phi Chi, sung with a force and 
fluency which indicated considerable prac- 
tice during the past year. As theyproceeded 
the silver tips of the new and handsome 
class canes flashed in the sunlight. At the 
Longfellow monument a halt was made, and 
the Bowdoin and '95 yells given in honor of 
that illustrious graduate of the college who 
is there commemorated. Again the line of 
march was taken up to the accompaniment 
of Phi Chi, and, when the yells had once 
more been given upon the arrival at the 
Falmouth, the throats of all were grateful 
for the chance to rest. 

At about 9 o'clock the banquet was 
served. The fare was plentiful and of 
excellent quality; but those only who had 
saved themselves from the start, or whose 
staying powers had been developed by long 
training, were able to do perfect justice to 
the spread and come in strong at the finish. 

Next in order after the cigars, which 
were handled by some as if they were rattle- 
snakes, and to others seemed about as deadly, 



came the literary exercises, the most enjoya- 
ble part of the evening's programme. Mr. 
Fairbanks filled the difficult post of toast- 
master in an easy manner. The first toast, 
Bowdoin, was responded to by Mr. Hatch. 
His effort was very brilliant and witty, and 
was highly appreciated by all. The toast 
on athletics, by Mr. Mitchell, showed his 
great interest in, and thorough acquaintance 
with out-of-door sports. Mr. Stubbs held 
the interest of all in his reply to " Our Class." 
The reply to "Our Girls," by Mr. Stetson, 
gave evidence of his great knowledge and 
appreciation of the subject. Mr. Lord showed 
that originality was possible in a toast on 
"The Faculty." "Our Future," a question 
most full of interest, was ably discussed by 
Mr. Holmes. The extemporaneous toasts 
were very witty and well received, and their 
good points were all the more appreciated in 
view of the fact that they were given on the 
spur of the moment, and not laboriously 
wrought out for the occasion. 

Mr. Doherty's opening address was a 
forcible, well written, and well delivered 
speech. After this address all joined in 
singing an ode written by Mr. Thayer. The 
"History," by Mr. French, although the 
story of but a single year, was still a very 
interesting chronicle of that year. Then the 
ringing class yell was given with emphasis, 
then as always when given by '95, drowning 
all other sounds. Mr. George L. Kimball, 
the orator, pleased his hearers by the elo- 
quence of his earnest and ornate words. 
After an ode, followed by the class yell, Mr. 
Churchill rendered in a graceful manner his 
pleasing poem. Owing to an unforeseen 
absence of the prophet, it became necessary 
to call on Mr. Webber, for an extempora- 
neous prophecy. Happily he was - equal to 
the occasion, and added very much to the 
general enjoyment by his words, full of wit 
and abounding in good hits. The evening's 
exercises closed with Phi Chi. 


On the whole the time was passed in a 
very delightful manner, and with a keenness 
of enjoyment which is felt only on like occa- 
sions. One innovation of the class especially 
worthy of mention was the carrying of the 
class canes ; another, the Bowdoin yell before 
Longfellow's monument. 

^©rarr-jeraeenrper-jt ^xep©i|,e§. 

Baccalaureate Sermon 

By Rev. William DeWitt Hyde, D.D., President of 

Bowdoin College, 

Delivered before the Class of '92, at the Congrer/at tonal 

Church, Brunswick, Me. 

And as he was walking in the temple, there come to him the 
chief priests, anil the scribes, and the elders; and they said unto 
him, By what authority doest thou these things? Or who gave 
thee this authority to do these things? And Jesus said unto 
them, I will ask of you one question, and answer me and I will 
tell you by what authority I do these things.— Mark 1], 27-29. 

It is a maxim of the military art, that the 
army which remains within its intrenchmeuts is 
beaten. The Christian church has been remaining 
too much within the intrenchmeuts of a feeble, and 
often a false Apologetics. Against those defenses 
the world has been hurling volley after volley 
of the most puzzling and perplexing questions. 
Physical science and historical criticism in particu- 
lar have dropped some very destructive bombs into 
the camp : and made some fatal breaches in the 
ancient ramparts. The attempt to answer these 
questions by the kind of special pleading that was 
current in the evidences of Christianity fifty years 
ago, is as futile as the attempt to protect one's self 
against modern artillery by Roman shields or Med- 
iaeval armor. The time for hiding behind such 
phrases as the infallibility of Scripture and the 
inscrutability of the supernatural has gone. Unless 
Christianity is prepared to draw up her forces on 
the open field of free inquiry and candid investiga- 
tion, the day of her destruction is at hand. Unless 
she can prove herself as capable of askiug bold and 
searching questions as she has been of giving timid 
and evasive answers, she can not expect to get a 
hearing from the modern mind. 

The scribes of to-day are putting with great 
earnestness to the church the same old question 
which the scribes of ancient Israel put to its Founder. 



" By what authority doest thou these thing? or who 
gave thee this authority to do these things? " It is 
vain to repeat the old story of an infallible pope, 
or an infallible Bible, or an infallible church, or. an 
infallible creed, or an infallible tradition, or an 
infallible Christian consciousness. The hiding of 
one's head in the dust of tradition, or the clouds of 
mysticism, or the sands of ecclesiasticism is only a 
timid and temporary postponement of the fatal 
hour. It is high time for the church to take the 
aggressive and courageous attitude of its Pounder, 
and like him ask a few questions of its own. "And 
Jesus said unto them, ' I will ask of you one question, 
and answer me.'" 1 am well aware that there are 
many unsolved questions lying in your minds. 
Some of them I have tried to answer before now. 
Some of them I frankly admit are fatal to tradi- 
tional ways of looking at religious things. As you 
know I fully believe that there is a way of stating 
religious truth, which either answers them, or lifts 
one to a plane on which it matters little whether 
they are answered in one way or the other. If I 
have not convinced you of this before now, it 
would be useless to attempt it here to-day. So I 
shall follow the example of our Lord, and put to 
you this single question, "What ideal do you pro- 
pose to take with you as the guide of life?" If you 
think this question out thoughtfully, and answer it 
squarely, it may throw some light on the very 
questions you are wont to ask about the authority 
of Christianity. 

Some ideal you must have. It is impossible for 
a rational person to be without some standard of 
attainment; some measure of well-being; some 
criterion by reference to which you know when you 
are well off. This standard, this measure, this 
criterion is your ideal. 

The ideal must be a social one. It must have 
reference to the things, persons, interests, and insti- 
tions which constitute society. The idea of a great- 
ness or a goodness apart from the concrete life of 
the world is as unsubstantial an air-castle as ever 
was reared by boyish imagination or maiden fancy. 
The member of the United States Senate who told 
us a while ago that morality in public life is au 
iridescent dream, and that the decalogue has no 
place in politics, thereby demonstrated his unfitness 
for public station, and as Mr. Roosevelt happily 
remarked, he has been "relegated to the obscurity 
he is so fitted to adorn." If anything, however,' 
his conception of morality was wider of the mark 
than his conception of public life. If he had said: 
That morality which is not wrought out in the 

concrete relations of social and public life is an 
iridescent dream, and the decalogue has no appli- 
cation apart from the real world of men aud things, 
he would have stated an important truth. As 
Goethe and Carlyle tell us, Here or nowhere is our 
America. Our ideal has to do with facts and forces, 
with men and women, with interests and institu- 
tions, or else it is not an ideal but a dream. 

If, then, we must have au ideal, and that ideal 
must be determined with reference to our social 
environment, what shall it be? In the last analysis, 
it must be oue of two opposites. Your ideal may 
be active devotion to objective ends ; or it may be 
passive appropriation of subjective satisfactions. 
Between these two lies your only choice. Lot 
us draw in outline the features of these opposite 

The one ideal presents the world as full of 
beauty, truth, and worth. It adores that beauty ; 
obeys that truth ; worships that worth. The per- 
son who holds such an ideal, being himself a person, 
aud yet recognizing a worth outside him greater 
than his own, tacitly assumes an infinite personality 
as the Author and Sustainer of the world. For in 
the very attitude of adoration, reverence, and 
worship, ho implies that he is in the presence of a 
Being greater aud higher than himself. Aud noth- 
ing less than a person can be greater than our own 
personality. Such objective idealism has no mean- 
ing if there be no God. The moment you recog- 
nize an eud as higher and worthier than yourself, 
your feet stand on holy ground. And when you 
recognize an end worthy of the devotion of all 
men, an ideal for humanity itself, then you aro 
admitted to the very presence of God himself. 

On the other hand the man who owns no ideal 
save the satisfaction of his private appetites and 
ambitions, by this attitude practically says, There 
is in this worid nothing higher and better than my 
individual self. The interests and institutions of 
society to such an one present themselves, not as 
ends to be served, but as means to be used. Things 
and self, these constitute his world. By his prac- 
tical attitude he denies the existence of anything 
spiritual outside himself, and what wonder that he 
succeeds in bringing forward arguments to justify 
the faith he has practically adopted in advance. 
What wonder, too, that with nothing spiritual 
outside him and above him to feed upon, to adore 
and to revere, his own spiritual nature dies out 
within. The soul that treats the world as so much 
dead matter to serve his selfish ends, soou finds 
itself dragged down to the low dead level of the 



things with which it is employed. Treat the world 
as merely material, and it materializes you. Try to 
make it serve you and it makes you its slave. Ee- 
gard it as a thing to be looked down on and 
despised, and before you know it you have yourself 
become degraded and despicable. 

Perhaps all this seems vague and abstract. 
Let me then translate these ideals into more definite 
and concrete terms, and arrange them in parallel 
columns. Name any sphere you please of this 
actual life of ours: — all the difference between truth 
and falsehood ; blessedness and wretchedness ; 
glory and shame ; heaven and hell with reference 
to it depends on whether you approach it with the 
one or the other of these opposite ideals. 

One studies in order to know and declare the 
truth ; the other to get rank while in college, and 
reputation afterwards. One enters political life to 
serve his country; the other to get himself elected 
to some big office or other. One marries to have a 
wife; the other because he loves a woman. One 
goes into business to support himself and his family, 
and earn an honest living; the other because he 
wants to get rich. All this, however, is to you 
familiar ground. Having stated the case I am now 
ready to take your suffrage. 

If I were now to ask all who prefer the ideal of 
devotion to objective ends to hold up your hands, I 
suppose every hand would be raised. I do not 
think, even for the sake of showing your independ- 
ence, a single advocate of the lower ideal could be 

Is our discussion then ended 1 and is there noth- 
ing left for me to do but to congratulate you upon 
the wisdom of your preference? alas! the problem 
is not solved so easily. Heaven is not entered by a 
preference. Our balloting has only just begun. 
On the next vote there will be a real division. As 
a matter of sentimental preference y"ou all hold up 
your hands for the nobler ideal. This time we 
must vote by the Australian system, or some other 
which will show, not what we would like to have 
other people think of us; not what we would like 
to think of ourselves, but what we really are. I 
ask this time, not how many prefer the higher ideal, 
but how many choose it. How many have set your 
heart upon it? How many are ready to put that 
first every time, and wealth, reputation, position, 
friends, and every other thing that by any possi- 
bility could conflict with it second ? I never yet 
saw a company of forty men which the putting of 
that question would not divide into two parts. It 
is not for me to say into which of these two parts 

any individual falls. Let our voting be as secret 
as you please. I will ask of you this one question. 
Answer it each one unto himself, and unto God. 

To those who have voted in the negative on this 
last question I have nothing more to say, except to 
urge upon you a reconsideration. If you persist 
in that attitude, I cannot say that I wish you well, 
for that would be useless. I can only hope that the 
inevitable penalties which such a state involves 
may fall as lightly as a kind Providence will permit. 

To those who have voted in the affirmative, 
that is as I trust to the great majority, I must put 
my question once again, before I can feel sure that 
the cause of the nobler ideal may be henceforth 
safely intrusted to your hands. Heaven, as I said, 
is not entered by a preference. Neither is it entered 
by a single choice. It is a long journey, long as life, 
and much of the way lies through sloughs of 
despond, and over hills of difficulty. Not only 
must you choose the ideal : you must choose the 
means to its maintenance. Listen to a word of 
warning, not from priest or poet, but from the clear 
eool pages of Mill's familiar Utilitarianism : " Many 
who begin with a youthful enthusiasm for every- 
thing noble, as they advauce in years sink into 
indolence and selfishness. Capacity for the nobler 
feelings is in most natures a very tender plant, 
easily killed, not only by hostile influences, but by 
mere want of sustenance; and in the majority of 
young persons it speedily dies away if the occupa- 
tions to which their position in life has devoted 
them, and the society into which it has thrown them, 
are not favorable to keeping that higher capacity 
in exercise. Men lose their high aspirations as 
they lose their intellectual tastes, because they 
have not time or opportunity for indulging them ; 
and they adict themselves to inferior pleasures, not 
because they deliberately prefer them, but because 
they are either the only ones to which they have 
access, or the only ones they are any longer capable 
of enjoying." 

If you will remain to the end faithful to this 
high ideal, three conditions are essential. First : 
You must not leave this ideal vaguely floating before 
your mind in the dim haze of abstraction. You 
must make it definite, clear-cut, positive, personal. 

Second : You must not leave its influence over 
you to depend on chance or environment. You must 
have systematic times, places, aud methods for its 

Third: You must not try to develop this ideal 
all by yourself, in the snug little corner of your 
private heart. You must share your enthusiasm 



for it with, others, and draw from their fellowship 
the inspiration and support you need. Only on 
these three conditions can you escape that fate of 
which Mill so clearly warns you. 

Where will you find this concrete, personal ideal ? 
Scattered fragments of it are found to be sure in 
every noble life. Partial reflections of it may be 
detected in all pure hearts. Where will you find 
the ideal in its completeness and totality, in its 
perfect purity and highest power? The world has 
agreed to find that ideal in its concrete, historical, 
and personal manifestation in Jesus the Christ. 
Can you do better? Can you find a record of life 
more completely responsive to the loftiest motives ? 
History contains nothing more simple, more serene, 
more sublime, more godlike. Can you imagine a 
higher character ? Can you conceive of possible 
improvements upon the character of Jesus, by the 
addition of which his spirit would be perfected and 
enriched? Speculation has failed to construct an ideal 
which transcends that which was realized in him. 

And on the second point, can you find exercises 
more suited to keep this ideal alive within you than 
those which he recommended, the meditation upon 
the Word of God, and communion with his spirit 
in thoughtful self-surrender, day by day? Are not 
the Bible and prayer the very best devices you 
could hit upon if you were to set out simply to dis- 
cover means by which to keep this ideal constantly 
and vividly before your minds? 

And for fellowship, where will you go for that 
organized, world-wide fellowship in the devotion to 
this highest spiritual ideal, if uot to that Institution 
which he founded, and which embraces the vast 
multitude of those who have strenuously resolved 
that this ideal shall not fado away from before 
their e3'es, nor vanish from the world? Is not the 
Christian church the very institution which every 
man must claim as his spiritual home, who is in 
earnest about the divine ideal, and seeks for fellow- 
ship in its service? 

Tou perceive my question is coming around to a 
point which makes it in some sense an answer to 
yours. Tou ask me what is the authority of Chris- 
tianity? and instead of citing the testimony of the 
fathers, and giving you the arguments of the doc- 
tors, I have tried to show you that its authority lies 
in the fact that it is the answer to the deepest ques- 
tion of your own hearts and lives. 

In conclusion then let me put my question in its 
final form. Are you willing to take now and hence- 
forth as your ideal unselfish, fearless service of 
whatever there is in this world of truth and right- 

eousness and love ? And in order that that service 
may be real and effective, will you take as your Lord 
and Master him in whom alone that ideal is per- 
fectly revealed; habitually receive his words into 
your minds, and systematically give back to him the 
devotion of your hearts ; and unite openly and 
publicly with the great body of those who are 
striving to realize this ideal in their own lives, and 
in the life of humanity? 

This is the parting question the college has to 
ask of you. In proportion to the thoroughness and 
fullness of your answer will be the usefulness and 
blessedness of your future lives. 

Members of the graduating class : — For four 
years the college has held before you the ideal of 
disinterested devotion to the truth. By conscious 
acceptance, and perhaps still more by unconscious 
absorbtion, you have in greater or less measure 
made that ideal your own. That, however, is but 
one-half of the scholarly ideal. As Phillips Brooks 
said of the minister, we may say of the scholar, 
"It is his mission to stand between the truth and 
men, and by his speech and life bring truth and men 
together." This human social side of the ideal it is 
impossible for the college to impress upon you. 
She can commend it to you : but its actual adoption 
rests with you alone. Unless you do thus add to 
your love of truth an equal love for men, your 
learning will after all remain a barren and unfruitful 
thing. Cardinal Manning once remarked to Henry 
George, " My love of Christ makes me love men,'' 
to which Mr. George replied, "And my love of men 
makes me love Christ." We all understand that 
there is no true love of God, that is not also love of 
man. The world is beginning to discover that deep 
love of man leads inevitably to love of God. So is 
it with knowledge. Setout to help men in any way 
you please, and you are compelled to study the 
laws and conditions of human well-being. Much of 
the best scholarship the world has seen has sprung 
from this eager desire to find out the truths that 
men have needed to make their lives complete. On 
the other hand, if you really love the truth, if you 
see its beauty and feel its joy, you cannot help 
desiring that others shall see and feel it too. To 
serve the truth by bringing men to its appreciation : 
and to serve men by the application of truth to 
human life : these are the two aspects of the schol- 
arly ideal. And the perfect and harmonious union 
of these two elements is to be found only in earnest 
devotion to him who is at once the source of all 
truth and beauty, and the Father of every human 




As you now pass out from the immediate influ- 
ence of the ideal which the college represents, may 
you all come under the closer and more conscious 
influence of the Christ, who is at once the reflec- 
tion of God's glory, and the perfection of human- 
ity's ideal. Whether you recognize it or not, this 
college is through and through in the deepest 
. sense of the words a Christian college. Whatever 
has heen host and noblest in its influence over you 
during these past years, came ultimately from 
Christ. Henceforth you shall drink no more at this 
particular stream. Ton are commended to the 
fountain whence this institution draws its spiritual 
life; to the common source whence all noble insti- 
tutions and all earnest men find inexhaustible sup- 
plies of inspiration in their endeavors after the 
ideal life. 

Junior Prize Declamation. 

1T7HE Prize Declamation of the Junior class 
■^ was held in Memorial Hall, Monday 
evening, June 20th, and was very successful ; 
the equal excellence of the parts making 
it difficult for the judges to render their 

The following is the programme : 

The Battle of Bunker Hill Cozzens. 

Milton Sherburne Clifford. 

Irish Aliens Shiel. 

Harry Clifton Fabyan. 

Carton's Self-Sacriflce Dickens. 

Weston Percival Chamberlain. 

Character of Napoleon Bonaparte. . . Phillips. 

Sanford Oscar Baldwin. 

Death of Charles IX Moore. 

Alley Rea Jenks. 

The Pall of Jericho Osborne. 

Clarence Webster Peabody. 

Character of Abraham Lincoln. . . . Holland. 

Augustus Alphonso Hussey. 

Death-bed of Arnold Leppard. 

Charles Henry Howard. 

The judges were Hon. John B. Redman, 
John A. Waterman, Jr., Esq., and Mr. Henry 
C. Hill. The first prize was awarded to 
Clarence W. Peabody; the second, to San- 
ford O. Baldwin. 

Class-Day Exercises. 


President, H. R. Gurney. 

Marshal, R. W. Mann. 

Committee : T. S. Lazell, R. F. Bartlett, E. B. 

The forenoon exercises were held in Me- 
morial Hall at 10 o'clock. The class marched 
in to the music of the Salem Cadet Band and 
took seats on the platform. After prayer 
had been offered by W. S. Randall, the Pres- 
ident introduced the Orator, J. C. Hull. The 
following is Mr. Hull's oration, an address 
full of earnest purpose : 


the teacher— his responsibilities and 
his rewards. 

By John C. Hull. 
Every man owes a debt to society. The wealthier 
he is, the higher the position he occupies, the greater 
his iufluence, or the more liberal his education, the 
more he owes to the world about him. How shall 
this debt be paid ? The answer to this question 
depends entirely upon the nature of the obligation 
incurred. If, through the aid of society, you have 
amassed wealth beyond your need, see that your 
fortune is put to such a use that humanity may be 
the better off for your having possessed it. If, on 
the other hand, you have been elevated to a position 
of power and influence, whether in the affairs of 
public or private life, you are under stringent obli- 
gations to see that your power tends to promote the 
best interests of those about you. As it is with 
wealth and power and influence, so is it with educa- 
tion. Society would never have given us the oppor- 
tunity of acquiring au education unless she had 
expected to reap the fruit thereof. She demands 
from each according to his ability. The college 
graduate of the present day may, or may not, have 
wealth and power ; but he is indebted to the world 
for an education vastly superior to that received by 
the majority of people. Why has he been given 
this advantage, if it is not that he may be of some 
assistance in raising the educational standard of 
our nation. Freely he has received; freely let him 

To the young man who desires that his work in 
life shall be of service to his fellow-creatures and to 



humanity in general, no profession cau present such 
varied inducements as to pedagogy. No man in this 
country to-day occupies a position, so responsible, 
so replete with opportunities for doing good as the 
American teacher. Upon him, as upon no one else, 
rests the future welfare of our nation. He it is to 
whom you entrust your boys and girls at a time 
when the development of their character is just 
beginning ; and to him belongs the question whether 
they shall grow up imbued with a desire for truth 
and knowledge, or sball pass through life with that 
superficial embellishment of learning to which an 
ignorant world too often attributes the name 

Whatever may be the native tendencies of the 
iniud, they will never be developed without the 
influences of education. The acorn remains an 
acorn still, until the rain and the warmth and light 
of the sun quicken it into life. What the sun and 
rain are to the acorn, education is to the human 
soul. It does not create, but it unfolds, expands, 
and beautifies. 

To be a teacher in the highest sense of the word 
is to stand in the highest and best place that God 
has created for man. To form a human soul to 
virtue and to enrich it with knowledge is an office 
inferior only to the creating power. To befriend 
the friendless, to soothe the sorrows of the neglected 
and erring, to instill instruction into the minds of 
the ignorant— this is the teacher's duty ; and in so 
doing he is imitating the example of him who was 
the friend of " publicans and sinners." 

In most operations the eye of the world is placed 
upon results. Go to a manufacturing town and you 
see wealth in its great factories; you hear the 
sound of dollars in its noisy water-wheels; and as 
the bales of rich goods pass by, you are astonished 
at the contrivances of human ingenuity and in- 
dustry. Pass into these same factories and you 
will find men engaged in apparently dull and tedious 
processes, processes which to your eye bear no rela- 
tion whatsoever to the results you have just seen 
with so much astonishment. So in education. The 
results and effects of the teacher's labors are never 
or rarely seen in connection with himself. By the 
time the mind he has helped to form has got into 
busy life and is taking an active part in the opera- 
tions of the world, his share of the credit is quite 
forgotten ; or the voice that would speak it is quite 
unheeded amid the "brazen throated trumpets" 
and the noise of indiscriminate praise. 

Tet notwithstanding the way the world regards 
him, the teacher is not unsupported by a sense of 

the importance of his vocation. The neat, small 
school-house cannot compare with the large, noisy 
factory in size and bustle; the tender, delicate 
mechanism of the human soul cannot be seen so 
obviously as the ponderous wheels and hammers of 
the mill ; but while the latter turns out goods and 
products, which at best answer but a temporary 
use, and finally perish and are forgotten, the little 
modest school-house turns out minds which move 
the great machinery of society, produce or quell 
revolutions, free or enslave a country, commit great 
crimes or deeds of heroic virtue. Here are formed 
the poets, the sage, the orator; one to charm the 
world with his verses, another to enlighten it with 
his wisdom, and the last to move multitudes as the 
winds bend with resistless force the stately trees of 
the forest. 

Call not, then, the occupation of the teacher 
dull and uninteresting while he may look at such 
results. Pity him not because he is not amassing 
wealth or gaining the newspaper notoriety of the 
politician ; because his name is not associated with 
the construction of railroads and canals, or the 
negotiation of public loans. He is in truth asso- 
ciated with all these ; and may claim at least a 
New England cousinship with those who received 
from him, though years ago, the impulse and disci- 
pline by which they have become so conspicuous in 
the service of their country. 

One of the heaviest burdens which the cause of 
American education is to-day laboring under is to 
be found in the fact that so many of our teachers 
are engaged in their occupation merely temporarily. 
Under such conditions is it a thing to be wondered 
at that they are not very enthusiastic in their work, 
have no lasting interest, and do not, or, as is more 
often the case, care not, to recognize the extent of 
their influence 1 ? 

But to the teacher who looks at his work with 
the eye of a philosopher, who observes its moral 
aspects, who sees how intimately connected is edu- 
cation with the happiness of the individual and the 
welfare of society, what an unbounded field for the 
exercise of his highest intellectual and moral 
powers ! If he hesitates to euter the field, it should 
not be because he fears that his transcendent 
powers will be enfeebled by the employment. His 
fear ought to arise from a view of the greatness of 
the work and a sense of his own inability. He 
hesitates to incur so great responsibilities. He per- 
ceives that, if any occupation in life has dignity 
and importance attached to it, it is this one. If 
his profession is an important one, who heals the 



diseases which flesh is heir to, much more is his 
who can prevent them. If his profession is im- 
portant who redresses the injuries of the injured 
and pleads the cause of the oppressed, much more 
is his who shall aid in forming the character of the 
community, so that injury and oppression shall not 
exist. If his is a station of responsibility, who is 
placed upon the " watch towers of Zion " to preach 
repentance to the people and to call back the sinful 
and the erring to the path of rectitude, is his less 
whose duty it is to guard the child from the stains 
of earth and to prevent his feet from ever going 
astray ? 

The sculptor, after long years of patient devo- 
tion to his art, commences a work which he hopes 
will crown his brow with unfading laurel. In the 
chambers of his imagination he forms an ideal 
which he undertakes to present to the world. He 
takes the marble from the quarry. Day by day he 
plies the instruments of his art. Gradually the mass 
assumes form and beauty, until after many years of 
toil the ideals which existed in his mind becomes 
real, the statue stands forth for the admiration. of 
the world, and the name of the sculptor is engraved 
forever on the rolls of fame. Is his a work of less 
dignity, who fashions and forms the mind, than his 
who chisels out the marble representative ? The 
marble will crumble to dust, but the teacher's work 
will remain eternal. The impressions which he 
leaves upon the mind time can never efface. 

If he be true to himself, to the world, and to 
his occupation, the teacher will receive as his re- 
ward that which is of more value than silver or 
gold— the satisfaction of having spent his life iu 
the noblest work of God: and when at last his 
earthly task is o'er and he appears before the throne 
of Him who rules the world, let him be content, if 
he hears the words : " Well done, good and faithful 

After another selection from the band 
Mr. Kenniston delivered the following beau- 
tiful and imaginative poem : 

Class-Day Poem. 

By William B. Kenniston. 
1 stept upon the campus, 
The night was dark and still, 
Save the river's distant rumble, 
The cricket's siDging shrill. 

I paced each well-known pathway 
Beside the quiet halls, 

And thought of many pleasant hours 
We've spent within their walls. 

Each spot, each nook and corner, 
That we four years have known, 
I visited that quiet night 
And said good-bye alone. 

The tennis courts beyond the path, 
Where many games were played, 
And where, when through with playing 
We've rested 'neath the shade ; 

The diamond across the way, 
The grand stand, bare and still, 
The graceful elms beside the road, 
The church upon the hill, 

The Thorndike Oak's huge branches, 
The sun dials, gray and old, 
I left each one reluctantly, 
Each one some story told. 

Faint drawn against the darkness 
I saw the dim outlines, 
Fantastic in the distance, 
Of the ancient whispering pines. 

I walked beneath their branches 
And breathed the fragrance rare 
Which from their trembling needles 
Filled all the midnight air. 

A gentle wind had risen 

From off the restless sea, 

And the swaying branches seemed 

To chant in melody. 

We, standing here, 

Year after year, 
Upon the campus green, 

Sing soft and low, 

When breezes blow, 
Of many a changing scene. 

In winter's gales 

We tell wierd tales 
Of Boreas's deeds of might. 

How from the North 

He hurries forth 
And crashes through the night. 

In early spring 
Quaint songs we sing, 
In sweet, low monotone, 



While through the trees 
A balmy breeze 
From Southern isles is blown. 

In summer time, 

With mellow chime, 
Beneath the pale, pale moon, 

We sing sad lays 

Of college days 
That end, alas, too soon. 

I listened quite enchanted 
To hear the old pine trees 
Singing in the summer night 
So softly in the breeze. 

But soon the light breeze lessened, 
And then, in tones still lower, 
Each pine in whispers said good-night, 
And all was still once more. 

I rested 'neath an ancient pine, 
'Twas graceful, straight, and tall, 
The mightiest of all the pines, 
The oldest of them all. 

Long time had this pine stood there, 
Had seen our college here 
When cradled in the wilderness, 
Had watched it grow each year. 

It stood there straight and silent, 
Like some good sentinel, 
Who watches while his comrades sleep 
And does his duty well. 

And soon another zephyr, 
More lightly than before, 
Sprang up with fairy footsteps 
From off some southern shore. 

The pines did not awaken, 

So lightly it went by, 

Save to shake their needles noiselessly, 

Or murmur a low sigh. 

But the tree 'neath which I rested 
Alone began to tell 
A mystic tale of other days 
Which it remembered well : — 

Long ere the woodman's ringing stroke 
The silence of the forest broke, 
We pine trees stood here, murmuring low 
On summer eves, while to and fro 

Our slender branches gently swung, 
In rhythm to the songs we sung. 

We are but few and yet we stand, 

The relics of a mighty band 

Of noble trees that long ago 

Have bowed them to the woodman's blow. 

Where once they stood the white man's care 

Has builded towns and cities fair. 

Beneath our shade the graceful deer 
Once hid themselves, alert with fear 
Of Indian hunter's fatal bow, 
That sought to slay some timid doe, 
Or cropped the grass and flowers sweet 
That grew so thickly at our feet. 

At night the wolf among us strayed, 
While in our branches squirrels played 
Throughout the day, and singing birds ■ 
Built nests and told with Nature's words 
The grandeur of that forest vast 
That long since vanished in the past. 

Where sunbeams fell the trees between, 
There forest flowers could be seen, 
The mayfiower and the violet blue. 
Rare ferns and mosses thickly grew-' 
Within the shade and with their green 
Made carpet fitting for a queen. 

Upon the river's bank there stood, 
Half-hidden in the shadowy wood, 
An Indian village. Camp-fires bright 
Filled all the place with mellow light, 
When evening drew her curtains down 
And sought to hide the little town. 

Ere darkness filled the forest vast, 
The Indian warriors, hurrying fast, 
Through many a silent glade and dell, 
Returned to camp and there would tell 
Around the embers' ruddy glow. 
Quaint stories of the long ago. 

Ah ! brave those warriors, famed afar 
For deeds of strength in cruel war. 
They were the best of all their race, 
But now there scarcely is a trace 
That such a people lived and died 
Upon the Androscoggin's side. 

The white man came and far and near 
Was sounded through the forest here 
The cries of war ; and many a fight 



Was fought beneath the shadowy light 
Of swinging pines whose mournful strain 
Was oft the death dirge of the, slain. 

Long raged the strife and when 'twas done 
The Indian toward the setting sun, 
A wanderer, sadly turned his face. 
In his old haunts another race, 
Stronger than he, now made their home, 
While he forever more must roam. 

Then scattered through the forest wide, 

On sunny slope and riverside, 

The settler's quaint log-house was seen, 

Low, crude, and rough, of humble mein, 

But cheery with the ruddy light 

Of crackling logs on winter's night. 

From dawn till dark the settler's stroke 
Throughout the wood the echoes woke, 
And one by one the tall pine trees 
Were felled and then the summer breeze 
That rose each evening from the sea, 
Across the plains swept mournfully. 

A hundred summers came and went, 
Where once there stood the Indian's tent. 
Within the forest's glimmering sheen, 
A quaint New England town was seen, 
Old Brunswick, whose historic name 
Is loved by all who know her fame. 

Her quiet streets and stately air 
Marked her a spot beyond compare, 
In which a college should be placed, 
And so old Bowdoin now has graced 
The hill for many and many a year, 
And prospered and grown famous here. 

And while we pines stand here to guard 
Misfortune from the college yard, 
Still will she prosper and her name 
Still grow with years, while to her fame 
Her sons each year will add their part 
Of deeds renowned in every art. 

The old pine tree stopped singing. 
I turned and saw the sun 
Had tinted all the east with red. 
The June day had begun. 

Exercises Under the Old Oak. 

A bright sky favored the afternoon's ex- 
ercises which were held according to custom 
under the old Thorndike Oak. The audience 

seated on the platform, which had been 
erected before the tree, had no difficulty in 
hearing all the parts, for they were all well 
delivered. The exercises commenced with 
the Opening Address by Charles S. Rich. 

Opening Address. 

By Charles S. Rich. 

Ladies and Gentlemen : 

We pause beneath this oak to-day, at the end of 
our college course, to muse on the dear past and 
forecast the unknown future, reluctant to leave be- 
hind these quiet scenes and pleasant associations, 
yet eager to know the world without, whose busy 
hum has but faintly echoed in our retreat like the 
sound of the sea in a shell. 

Would that our esteemed seer might discern on 
the scroll unrolled before his prophetic vision some- 
thing worthy of the exertion, watchfulness, and 
patient devotion of frieuds, relatives, and instruc- 
tors, who have always had our best interests at 
heart. It may not be the good fortune of the class 
of '92 to contribute to the honor roll of Bowdoin 
one siugle name that will stand out conspicuously 
among our numerous contemporaries. Yet our 
college life will not have been in vain. The genius 
is the exception. Rare indeed have been the Long- 
fellows and Hawthornes and Cheevers in any college. 
But the brilliant lights that line the dim past are but 
the index of a mighty force that is ever flowing from 
educational centers into the world — a force none 
the less active and effective though silent and un- 
seen. It is not by the amount of knowledge we 
may have at command to-day that the value of our 
college course is to be judged, but rather by those 
ideals and impulses we have absorbed and carry 
away all unaware. The most we can hope for is 
that the resistance we must from time to time en- 
counter in future life will cause this silent force 
flowing in the undercurrents of our consciousness 
to flash into light for a guide to ourselves and our 

It would be interesting and instructive on this 
public day to recall the brilliant history of our col- 
lege and view iu that pictured retrospect those 
noble sons of Bowdoin whose great personality still 
lives in the soul of our nation ; poets, scholars, states- 
men, soldiers, we have them all. But time prevents. 
Enough for me to bid you share with us the pride 
we feel in the honorable record of our college and 
our joy in its increased prosperity. The first 
century of its existence is drawing to a close. The 




glass must soon be inverted and the crystal grains 
with all their treasured reflections of the past 
poured out again to inspire generations yet un- 

It is gratifying, indeed, to feel that the humble, 
patient work of a hundred years has been approved. 
How else can we interpret the munificent gifts that 
have blessed our Alma Mater and crowned her in 
her age as with a garland of youth ? With doubled 
resources and renewed vigor she faces the future to 
do better what she has done so well before. For 
her obligations to humanity are increased and 
society has a right to demand that they be fulfilled. 
More and more it is coming to be realized that the 
college is not merely the passive recipient of the 
privileged few, but an aggressive missionary in 
society, a guide and servant to the community 
around it. This is the principle at the base of the 
University Extension Movement, which promises 
so much for the advancement of popular education 
and the elevation of our national life. In this time 
of such abundant material prosperity the great service 
of our colleges and universities is too often obscured 
in the popular mind by an erroneous conception of 
scholarly life remote from practical things. But, in 
fact, it would be difficult to name in our history as 
a nation an important move of thought or life in 
which the college aud university were not important 
factors. Their influence is at work in business, in 
politics, in family, church, and state. On this four 
hundredth anniversary of the discovery of America 
we are worthy of cougratulation as a nation on 
nothing more than the ever increasing attention 
paid to the development of our spiritual energies. 
Our institutions of the higher education may be in- 
ferior to those in some foreign countries, they may 
lack in system, there may be weakness in their 
multiplicity aud sectarian zeal, but they have been 
the main stay of our Republic and the crowning 
glory of our land. While we have been prone to 
lose ourselves in the wantonness of prosperity the 
college and university have been foremost to guard 
us against those insiduous evils, so often bringing 
on states and individuals a curse which no sacrifice 
of precious jewels to envious gods can ever avert. 

The past few years have been remarkable for 
the large bequests made to educational and kindred 
institutions. Surely this ought to brighten the 
darkest aspect of eur national life to the minds of 
those who apprehend nothing but evil from the 
amassing of such enormous fortunes. For it is, on 
the part of those who give, a just recognition of 
their debt to society for all the goods they enjoy, 

and of the source whence is drawn the spiritual 
energy of our nation, without which all material 
worth is vain. 

So to-day we bid you share with us our joy in 
the increased prosperity of Bowdoin, recognizing 
it not only as the reward of a noble work and life, 
but also as the substantial expression of a wise 
beneficence among our people, which augurs well 
for the future of our nation. 

After an interlude by the Salem Cadet 
Band Mr. Nichols read the History. 
A.D. 2000. 

A History of the College Course op 
Bowdoin's Class of '92. 

By B. F Nichols. 

The year 2000 A.D. is remarkable for the large 
number of productions bearing upon life in the 
nineteenth century ; I propose to add to that num- 
ber a history of the class of '92 of Bowdoin College 
during the year spent in the college. In writing 
this history so long a time after the class lived, I 
have a certain advantage over historians of the 
same period. Just as a fine picture must be viewed 
from a distance in order to give the best effect, 
in like manner the beauty and grandeur -of the 
class of '92 was not so apparent to the contempora- 
ries of the class as to us of this remote period. 

In the ninety-fifth year from the founding of the 
college, in the fourth year of the reign of Guilielmus 
DeWitt Hyde, in the ninth month, and on the 
eighteenth day of the month, Behold ! there 
appeared at Bowdoin a wonder. Forty-five youths, 
brave and gentle, came and here made their abode. 
They came for wisdom, and, swearing their fealty 
to the college, they became the class of '92. 

Now it chanced, as those youths were gathered 
in a shady nook, that the trees looked upon them 
aud saw that they were exceeding fresh and 
rosy, and they saw also that their own verdure was 
far surpassed by the freshness of these strange lads. 
So, adorning themselves in most beautiful hues, 
they tried, if by any means they might surpass in 
brilliancy; but in this, as in verdancy, they were 
surpassed by the class of '92. When this, after 
many days became apparent to the monarchs of 
the forest, lifting up their wailing voices they 
lamented long and loud ; then throwing aside their 
regal robes they bowed their heads in proud sub- 

The learning of these youths was very great, 
and there was among them a mighty Prophet, and 



he was also Young. One day upon the rostrum the 
Prophet lifted up his voice and spake to the youths 
about him : Behold, we shall learn, we shall learn at 
last that great mystery, the effect of percolatiug 
water on protoplasm. And they learned it. Now 
it chanced, as they were increasing their knowledge 
in this direction, that the report suddenly spread 
abroad o'er the land that Wood had become water- 
logged. When the maidens heard this, with looks 
of consternation, they arose in haste, hied them to 
the nearest Jewshop, and with their shining sheckels 
got unto themselves waterproof waist-protectors. 

In those days there were mighty giants in the 
laud, called Sophomores. These men spake and 
said unto the class of '92, " Hearken unto us O 
Freshie. Thou shalt neither feast nor swallow 
savory morsel, but on hash shalt thou live and from 
the Profs, shalt thou take thy deads for making 
hash of horse." Thus they spake. But these brave 
lads said, one to another, " Not so." And one 
night they feasted long and sang aloud in the room 
that was called after the Faculty. 

Now the second year that this class was at Bow- 
doiu, these youths grew and waxed strong and 
became giants like unto those that were before 
them and they also were called Sophomores. Yet 
they did not abuse the young and ignorant boys 
that came to walk, this year for the first time, in the 
paths of learning. Bat whatever of violence the 
young ones suffered could, with justice, be charged 
to former Sophomores. Now this year there was 
one in the college who did not appreciate the 
attempt of these giants to teach him wisdom's ways. 
His name was Matzke, and he slew those most 
active in his improvement, and many others he 
maimed and crippled with ruthless hand. 

For four years this band of youths dwelt in the 
college, and for those four years the history of the 
college is the history of the class of '92. Any loss 
that one sustained was the equal sorrow of the 
other, and any success of either was a cause for 
common rejoicing. 

There are many legends of this class, and it is 
still told in the land how great was their learning 
and how wise their answers to the many hard 
questions asked of them. One wise man wished to 
know what made the ice of glaciers blue ? He 
asked and Charles Rich told him. " It's cause they 
are so cold." Again, the wisest man in the college 
one day became lost in an intellectual fog and 
called out as he sat behind his desk of ash, " What 
is it that gives reality to this table here before 
me ? " The answer most remarkable, was, " the 

something that is back of it." Many other tales 
there are of these men, how, when a certain Swett 
wished to escape the fumes of sulphur in the 
Lab., the wiseman in Chemistry said to him, 
" You might just as well get used to it now." And 
then I might tell of the mighty man, Poor, how he 
endeavored to instruct fourscore maidens in the art 
of Chemistry. Or I might tell again of Swett, how, 
his reputation for noise gained him much rank. 
For Freshman year, when vociferous trousers raised 
tremendous din the Prof, who never looked up, 
thought " It must be Swett reciting, and scored 
other fellows ten strikes to Freddy." It is said that 
the hardest question asked of the class was this, 
"Your class didn't bury athletics did it? " Answered 
in the negative." 

Some of you will not believe these stories and 
would question their authenticity, yet there has 
been discovered one original document which can- 
not be doubted. This I will read : 

During the first year there left the class for 
various causes the following men : Cole, Hodgkins, 
Perkins, Palmer. At the end of the first year two 
more men left the class, Thompson, who went to 
Amherst, and Shay, who came back the next year 
in the class of '93. When the class became Sopho- 
more, Abbot joined them, and at the beginning of 
their third year Wathen and Mace joined them. 
Mace came from Bates College, and only lived two 
short months after going to Bowdoin. Wathen was 
a graduate of Bangor Theological Seminary. At 
the close of their third year Mclntire left to go to 
Andover, and at the beginning of their last year 
H. T. Field, one who was a Sophomore, when the 
class of '92 first came, joined them, thus passing one 
year in good company. 

The average age when they left college was 23 
years 6 months, just the age of G. Downes. Oldest 
man, Pugsley, age 34 years 5 months ; youngest, 
Emery, age 19 years 6 months. Average height, 
5 feet 9.8 inches ; nearest average height, a large 
number 5 feet 10 inches. Tallest man, Linscott, 
whose height is 6 feet 3 inches. Shortest, Parcher, 
height, 5 feet 4^4 inches. Average weight, 148.4 
pounds ; nearest average weight, C. Stacy, weigh- 
ing 148 pounds. Heaviest man, Downes, weighing 
180 pounds, and lightest, Gately, weighing 126 

There were in the class twenty-five Republi- 
cans, seven Independents, four Democrats, one un- 
decided, and one non-citizen. 

I will close with the closing remarks of Pugsley. 
He was speaking of the class of '92, and he closed 



bis remarks with the following burst of eloquence: 
"Ladies and gentlemen, this is the class of '92 and 
you can just bet your boots we are a cultured 

The next part was the Prophecy of Mr. 
T. H. Gately which was received with great 
applause by those whose acquaintance with 
the class made them appreciate the hits. 

Class Prophecy. 

By T. H. Gately. 

It is needless for me to state that, in being- 
elected to fill any position of trust or honor, a man 
must bring forward conclusive evidence that he is 
eminently qualified to fulfill its duties, or else there 
must be other reasons which have a determining 
influence on tne-minds of those selecting him. Now 
in being chosen to act in the capacity of prophet 
for the class of '92, 1 am quite positive that it was 
due to no marked ability on my part, but the class 
probably realized that I always took a lively interest 
in its welfare; and so great was their faith in my 
endeavors that they used to allow me to determine 
their rank after they had made certain kinds of 
recitations. Although, as the Commencement parts 
will show, the Faculty failed to sanction the figures 
aud estimates that I had drawn up, yet the class 
deemed it advisable to permit me to turn the wheel 
of their fortunes. As a basis for my work, I have 
been aided only by a four years' acquaintance 
with my classmates, and at the outset I had a 
keen sensibility of the difficulties of the task set 
before me. 

So, with your kind indulgence, I will endeavor 
to relate to you a few facts and anecdotes concern- 
ing our renowned class, which I gleaned from the 
alumni record in the year 1902. 

Charles S. Rich took up the legal profession and 
located in the city of his nativity. But failing to 
achieve any remarkable success in this line, and 
taking as a partner his old room-mate and boon 
companion, Leon M. Pobes, he settled down in the 
business of his father, which was that of an under- 
taker. I say an undertaker, not entirely in the 
economic sense of the term, but also in the seuse 
of one who pays everybody's debts, and gives them 
a tombstone as a receipt in full of all demands. 
They are doing a nice " quiet" business, and when 
not otherwise engaged, they have been seen trying 
to bury the " dead of the night." 

Samuel B. Abbott is an instructor in elocution 
at Fryeburg Academy. If you are desirous of 

learning what proficiency Sam has acquired in this 
department, I advise you to make a visit to his 
school aud hear how he would render the selection 
beginning with the words: "Around the rugged 
rock the ragged rascal ran." Sam, for some reason 
or other, has grown wonderfully corpulent, and is 
the father of a promising progeny. 

Percy Bartlett, otherwise called P. Whisker from 
the silky beard he sported Freshman year in defiance 
of the Sophomores, took a post-graduate course in 
Latin at Harvard, and now fills the Wiukley chair 
in his Alma Mater. 

Eoy Bartlett is a successful lawyer in Brunswick. 
He takes an active interest iu college athletics, and 
at every horn coucert he joins the baud of "yag- 
gers " and takes the same delight in clubbing the 
Sophomores as he did while in college. 

Downes may be fouud at his paternal abode in 
Calais, Maine. His iconoclastic voice can be heard 
at frequent intervals singing that famous ballad, 
" There is No Place Like Home." " Crippy," as he 
was familiarly called, says that he will try to keep 
on good terms with his father at least. 

Joel Bean, known as Booth, Barrett, the great 
"bluffer," trickster, and dissembler, is a well-to-do 
lawyer in Augusta, Me. Besides this he is the 
instructor in plain and ornamental penmanship in 
the Cony High School. That he is supereminently 
fitted for the latter position I need only refer you to 
the Bowdoiu Faculty or any of the long list of 
female correspendents that he has, or, at least, says 
he has. He is a consummate crank on the mar- 
riage question, and were we to acquiesce in his 
views on the subject, 1 think we would all be verit- 
able Mormons. 

He hasn't given up his admiration for theatrical 
life, and still wears his hair in that peculiar style 
which you may behold on him to-day. 

Harry Emery pursued the even tenor of his way 
and ascended the ladder of fame step by step, until 
he bids fair to reach the pinnacle of his ambition in 
the office of Chief Justice of the United States. In 
fact, his whole career has been connected with 
" bars," aud he has been both before aud behind 

Bert Field is said to be in Washington, busily 
engaged with Sam Parcher in working up a rapid 
transit system. I know that you are all glad to 
hear that Parcher has found something that he can 
and is willing to do. 

Fred Gummer bought a larger-sized hat when 
President Hyde told the Philosophy class that he 
would prefer a farmer to a city student, and conse- 



quently Fred has stuck to his farm in Brunswick. 
Take a ride down about three miles toward the 
coast, and there you will find him strenuously at 
work sawing wood or performing some other of the 
various duties that a farm life calls forth. He has 
put a great many inventions on the market, and he 
told me recently that he was considering the advis- 
ability of shoeing geese in cold weather. Guminer 
is my authority for the statement that Harry Kim- 
ball was the pastor of a large congregation in 
Albany, N. Y. 

I feel as if I owe the class an apology in speaking 
of the next gentleman, but nevertheless he would 
feel slighted if I did not bring to your notice an 
account of his marvelous career. I need hardly 
mention him, for he is none other than Howard 
Wellington Poore, better known as the Major, Sen- 
ator, the mighty Poore, the stalwart Poore, and the 
illustrious son of the senator from Sebago. Major is 
a generous fellow, but nevertheless he is the biggest 
bump of conceit that ever struck Bowdoin College. 
While in college he used to strut around with that 
commanding air, and he never once thought that 
he was creating the impression in the minds of 
others that he bore a striking resemblance to the 
little boy who didu't know enough to ache when be 
was in pain. He said that he would have delivered 
a Commencement part, only ho didn't wish to have 
the Faculty to appear at a disadvantage. He gave 
a public instruction to some young ladies in the 
gymnasium one day, and immediately after leaving 
college he applied for that position in Vassar, but 
his shape was against him. In 1898 he ran for the 
legislature in his father's district, but his name was 
against bim. At present he is a Commissioner of 
Tides for Sebago Lake, and devotes his leisure hours 
on the invention of a machine for bleaching ice. 

"Honest" John Hull and W. 0. Horsey, who 
was seriously handicapped in his college course by 
the illness of his father, are both successful teachers, 
the one in the high school of the newly-chartered 
city of Deering and the other in a similar school at 
Springfield, Mass. 

Herbert Guruey took a course in Johns Hopkins 
after graduating, and is now the Professor in the 
English Literature and Language at the University 
of Chicago. He is the same genial fellow that he 
was in college, and he is eagerly looking forward to 
the day when he will send a fair-haired boy to 
Bowdoin. Aside from his regular department in the 
university, he is actively interested in political 
science, and has delivered a number of lectures on 
the "sweating" system. 

A. M. Merriman, or B. F. Merriman, if you 
please, entered the Maine Medical School and is 
now practicing in his native town, with his resi- 
dence, by way of convenience, in close proximity to 
a grave-yard. He has become perfectly bald and 
nothing remains to identify the Merriman of old, 
save his peculiar gait. 

J. D. Merrymau, notwithstanding the roasts he 
used to receive at the hands of Prof. Wells, com- 
pleted his course at the Andover Seminary, and 
after much deliberation, accepted a call to a 
Methodist church in Dayton, Ohio. Jim went to 
California, one summer, and while on the train he 
said that he married fifteen couples at the rate of 
eight "knots" an hour. This was all well enough, 
but afterwards I heard that he went to Washington 
and bad the consummate "crust" — please pardon 
the expression — to demand a patent on a car- 

Jim said that Lee originally intended to go into 
the "stove" business in Brunswick, but obstacles 
appearing in his way he, too, entered the ministry, 
and " Pinky " may now be found in the Baptist 
church in Rockland. 

Charles M. Pennell says that he kuows a good 
thing when he sees it, and consequently he married 
the position he secured in the Topsham High 
School. He is the same old Penn. and bandies his 
" cribs" and manipulates the scroll to as good ad- 
vantage as he did while in college. He has had serious 
trouble with rheumatism since he graduated and so 
much so that his physical appearance strikingly 
resembles a bow knot. 

Roland Mann, better known as " Roly," and 
" The Count," alias "The Fashion Plate," entered 
Bowdoin young, graduated young, and married 
Young. He studied medicine, and in the meantime 
wrote a work on "The Rules of Social Etiquette." 
I came across a copy of the book, and from its many 
pages I clipped the following remark : " A young 
man in visiting his affianced should take with him 
affection in his heart, perfection in his manners, 
and confectionery in his pockets." No doubt, the 
Count never deviated from this path, as his social 
career and success will prove, but being of a mag- 
nanimous nature he tried to inculcate these princi- 
ples into the minds of Frankie Cothren, T. S. 
Lazell, Billy Kenniston, and Frank Durgin. 

In Cothren's case Roly was quite successful, and 
notwithstanding the fact that Frankie made but 
two visits into society, on the whole he created a 
favorable impression, and now Cothren may be 
found in the "upper ten" society of Brooklyn, 



where he is assisting his father in the legal pro- 

As for Lazell, he was wanting in affection and 
failing thereby, began the practice of medicine in 
Rockland. When not visiting his patients Theo 
may be found in his study, vainly endeavoring to 
make a device for rounding out flat notes. 

In the case of Billy Kennistou, " the boy poet," 
he failed as regards the Count's second injunction, 
namely, that of perfection in his manners, and ho is 
still unable to see the point of the joke that caused 
his doom in society. Nevertheless Hilly still strives 
to be a lady-killer, and at present is on the local 
staff of the Squirrel Island Squid. 

The last of Mann's pupils is Frank Durgin, 
otherwise called "Tim." The fashion plate did all 
it could for Durg, but whether he possessed petri- 
faction of the heart, or putrifaction of his confec- 
tionery, I am unable to state, but suffice it to say, 
his social reputation sank into the illimitable depths 
of oblivion. After graduating, Durg was tendered 
the position as instructor in Mathematics in the 
Portland School for the Deaf and Dumb on the 
recommendation of Professor Moody, but he de- 
clined with thanks and now is a criminal lawyer in 

Clinton Stacy holds forth as a teacher in Lira- 
ington Academy. Clin still has that easily aroused 
temper, but he has never been known to harm any- 
body on account of it. 

The countless friends of E. A. Pugsley will, no 
doubt, be pleased to hear that he had an eventful 
career after leaving Brunswick. He became 
Professor of Mathematics in Dartmouth College, 
and also was actively engaged in political affairs. 
Pug always had the happy faculty of being able to 
speak on any topic, and this, together with his fine 
command of language, made him a model man on 
the stump. He was nominated by the Republicans 
to represent his district in the National House of 
Representatives, but he was overwhelmingly de- 
feated. When asked what he was going to do 
about it, he replied, " Can't do a thing, gentlemen." 

Harry Linscott, alias " Scot," has charge of the 
Greek department in the university of his native 
home. He grew tired of his surroundings in 
Thomastou and went to Chicago, where he took 
great interest in the World's Fair. He married 
one of the fair ones of his own city, and although 
much shorter, she can proudly boast of being able 
to fill as much shoe leather as can her husband. 

Wood and Wathen both became ministers and 
their views on religion are about the same. They 

are strongly set against the doctrine of a future 
punishment, and their peculiar opinions on this 
subject are interesting only as an exhibition of their 
mental vagaries on the thought that is in them. 
Two more liberal divines can nowhere be found, aud 
it is the prophet's sincere wish that they will re- 
ceive sufficient torment here on earth to insure an 
unconditional suspension of their case hereafter, 
] should there be a future punishment. They are 
both located in Nashville, Tenn. 

Osborne taught for a while after leaving college, 
and then went into business in New York, where, 
after developing a suitable front, he was elected to 
the board of aldermen. This sufficiently explains 
the rest of his career. 

Harold Robinson Smith is one of the leading 
members of the Kennebec Bar. He has given up 
swearing himself, but business principles seem to 
dictate that he should encourage it in others. He 
defended a murderer once, and after talking to the 
jury for six hours, Hal, as cool and undaunted as 
ever, remarked, " Gentlemen, I have done." The 
jury was out fifteen minutes and brought in a 
verdict to hang the lawyer and discharge the pris- 
oner, aud it was only Smith's diminutive stature 
that saved his neck. Along with Ned Wilson, he 
has developed into a staunch temperance reformer. 
So strong are they in their convictions on this 
subject that they have been known to flatly refuse 
the offer of an umbrella on a stormy day because 
there was a "stick " in it. 

Randall teaches Physics in Hebron Academy, 
and also preaches occasionally. 

Fred Swett would have become a great man if 
talk could do it, but, unfortunately for him, it 
availed him little, so he hied himself to his uncle 
in the West, where he hopes to become the pos- 
sessor of a great fortune at his uncle's death. He 
says that the land out there is so poor that it is 
impossible to i - aise a disturbance on it. 

Ernest Young, with all the great resources he 
had, became a renowned physician and his home 
was in Washington, D. C. ; but one day he awoke 
and forgot that he was in existence aud at last 
accounts he hadn't come out of it. Before he went 
into this stupor he wrote to a friend that Tom 
Nichols was employed in the United States Govern- 
ment Survey. 

The two remaining members of the class, 
namely, Jack Hodgdou and Jack Hersey, have the 
honor, like Shakespeare, of being inscrutable 
forces which no philosophy can explain. Hodgdon, 
after seeing the whole of the world, settled down 



as the editor of the Biddeford Journal. But Her- 
sey's whereabouts are unknown. He was traced 
once to Boothbay Harbor, where he tried to play 
his favorite game of Copenhagen. Then he was 
seen again, trying to catch up with his shadow, 
which by the way had grown considerably larger, 
owing to the persistent use of Murdock's Liquid 
Food. In closing, all I can say of the gentleman is 
to repeat the proverb which has it that in the 
presence of human stupidity even the gods stand 

Ladies and Gentlemen : I fear that I have made 
an imposition on your time and patience, but if I 
have brought before you some of the peculiarities 
of our celebrated class, I have accomplished my 

Then followed the eloquent Parting 
Address of Mr. Linscott. 

Closing Address. 

By Haert F. Linscott. 
Another year in the marvolously rapid flight of 
time has rolled over old Bowdoin and once more a 
class has assembled on this spot so replete with 
precious memories, so rich in the full import of its 
history and associations, to bid farewell to these 
familiar scenes aud to render the last sad tribute of 
affection to Alma Mater and to those indissoluble 
bonds which have been created and ever strength- 
ened by four years of intimate association. Many 
times in the past classes have stood within the 
shadow of these walls for this purpose, aud now we, 
too, are grouped together here for the last time, it 
may be, to give concrete association to our devotion 
to college and class, our zealous attachment to 
these well-remembered scenes. The past comes 
before us to-day full of pleasant recollections and 
suggestions of the many happy hours which we 
have spent together. Every reverse and disap- 
pointment, all the toil, all bitterness which for the 
moment has cast a shadow over our lives, all are 
forgotten in the tender thoughts of this day. For 
four years this class has maintained the most 
exemplary standards, the loftiest ideals of unity 
and fraternal good-will, until in the fullness of time 
it has assembled on this its natal clay to round out 
to full measure the period of its college life, and to 
complete, in the view of all men, the duties devolv- 
ing upon us as an organized and constituent mem- 
ber of the institution. This culminating point in 
our active progress as a class is a time fit for con- 
gratulation, for mature deliberation, and for sincere 

and heartfelt regrets. This day, to which we have 
looked forward with such fond anticipation, may 
well bring to us a profound satisfaction, together 
with a conception of that important fact that a 
portion of our life's work has been completed and 
that we have passed with credit to ourselves through 
the period of preparation for the duties and respon- 
sibilities with which we must contend in the future. 
We are profoundly grateful for these instrumentali- 
ties, these slow accumulations of centuries by which 
our scholarly character has been perfected. As 
students we cannot trace the influences which have 
been drawing out our powers and touching them 
to finest issues. Men of genius of other days have 
left their impress ; great teachers of the past have 
instructed us ; we have been growing in the shadow 
of illustrious names. For these contributions of 
great scholars to the present generation, for these 
secret though potent factors, which have refined 
aud ripened our powers, we are sincerely thankful, 
and in that we have lived and worked in such a 
source of influences, we congratulate ourselves. 

On the other hand, this festal day must appeal 
to the members of the class with a deep meaning, 
and cannot fail to awaken in their inmost thoughts 
grave and serious reflections. For four years we 
have been together here in the full vigor of early man- 
hood, with complete capacity for the enjoyment of 
all the blessings of life while free from the cares and 
annoyances of active life. The future now looms 
before us a boundless void. To-day we stand upon 
the threshold ; to-morrow we step out upon the 
broad platform of scholarly influence. On the one 
hand this class lays aside the pleasant duties toward 
the college. On the other hand we assume the 
obligations, the responsibilities which devolve upon 
us in our relations to the nation and to our fellow- 
men. We have made our election between the 
sphere of scholarly activity and the life of laymen. 
By so doing, however, a lasting obligation has been 
imposed upon us to exercise our mature powers to 
the improvement of political and social conditions 
here and now, and to give-an account of our gift of 
reason to the unifying of the civil life and the 
national consciousness of the land in which we 
dwell. May every member of the class of '92 rise 
above a merely selfish view of life and devote him- 
self unreservedly to the task of cherishing and 
implanting in a great people the seeds of virtue and 
public civility. 

In the midst of these thoughts, standing here 
between the past, sunlit aud illumined by a thou- 
sand precious memories, aud the future, which 



stretches away before us, a vast, illimitable void, we 
are recalled to the full significance of this moment. 
We must now cease our associations as a class. 
Our intimate personal relations must soon be sun- 
dered, but their impress on our characters can 
never be destroyed. It is a well established fact 
that persons of different creeds, conditions, and 
nationalities in the same school or college form 
memories of good will and good fellowship, which 
time can never efface. We have all seen, we have 
many of us felt this influence. The relationship of 
classmate is indeed not one of the nearest, but 
many closer bonds are more easily broken. In the 
great future, in the midst of the turmoil and strife 
of active life, this fellowship and fraternal good- 
will of the class of '92 shall be a guiding, a restrain- 
ing influence on our lives. 

Old Bowdoin, today we bid farewell to thee. 
We owe thee a debt of gratitude which can never be 
repaid. For thy fostering care, thy tender memo- 
ries, we have in our hearts a regard most tender 
and affectionate. As our life here has been pleas- 
ant, our regret at parting is most sincere, most 
heartfelt. But, classmates, in a higher and yet a 
nobler sense we cannot express by words alone our 
regard for the college or the sadness which comes 
irresistibly at thoughts of severing associations so 
dear to us. Throughout the years to come, the sole 
criterion of our love for Alma Mater shall be the 
firm and resolute spirit in which we devote our- 
selves to the establishment and perpetuation of the 
principles which have been inculcated within us 
here; the energy and consistency which shall 
characterize us in our relations to the nation and to 
our fellow-men. Our regard for one another can 
only be measured by the manner in which the 
smouldering fires of love and esteem are kept alive 
in the midst of the conflicting interests of the 
world. And now in parting let us go forth with a 
vivid conception of the fact that we have a duty to 
the college, the nation, and to our fellow-men ; with 
a determination to so live and act in our capacity as 
citizens that we shall have and display a common 
interest in the country as our own, and in its insti- 
tutions as our joint trust; with a resolute purpose 
to consecrate our superior accomplishments in the 
spirit of generous devotion to the welfare of society 
and to the perpetration of its essential principles of 
truth, freedom, and progress, and above all with a 
firm conviction that by so doing and living our 
regard for Alma Mater and our esteem for one 
another shall ever grow stronger and more cordial, 

until in the fullness of time our life's work shall be 

Smoking the Pipe op Peach. 

The class then seated themselves in a 
circle on the grass and Mr. Lazell lighted 
the class pipe, nursing it fondly until the 
fragrant fumes of his favorite tobacco 
wreathed themselves about his head. The 
pipe of peace was then passed around the 
circle and each member of the class took a 
whiff. Some took more, and a few inexperi- 
enced ones were half strangled after a brave 
endeavor to appear proficient in the art. 

When this ceremony was ended the class 
stood in a compact group and with voices 
cleared by the recent inhalation, sang the 
beautiful ode which was written by Mr. 
Hersey. The following are the words : 

Class Ode. 

By W. O. Hersey. 
Air—" Swinging 'neath the Old Apple Tree." 
Now the shades descending, with the twilight blend- 
Call us here together, classmates so long; 
Time is swiftly passing, thoughts within are massing, 

As we join our sad parting song. 
Farewell ! classmates, oft we've wandered, 

Sporting 'neath the pines by the thick-shaded 
halls ; 
Farewell ! classmates, let our voices 
Echo round the old college walls. 

College days are fleeting, saddened hearts are beat- 
Soon we must be parted, elsewhere to roam ; 
Friendship's ties may perish, yet we'll always cherish, 

Mem'ries of our dear college home. 
Farewell ! Bowdoin, may we ever 

Honor bring to thee as thy sons brave and true ; 
Farewell ! Bowdoin, thou hast given 

Blessings to our dear Ninety-Two. 

Cheering the Halls. 

Forming in line again and led by the 

band, the class marched around the campus 

cheering the Halls, and finally pausing in 

front of Memorial, the class and college yells 



were heartily given, and with a hand shake 
all around the class dispersed. 

The Dance on the Green 
For the last few years the weather or a 
faint heart has driven this dance to the 
shelter of Memorial or the Town Hall, and 
we have not had the privilege of seeing the 
campus decorated with lanterns for an out 
of door dance. There could not have been 
a more perfect day, for such a celebration, 
than last Tuesday. It was warm and calm 
in the evening. Five hundred Japanese 
lanterns were hung in festoons about the 
dance floor and across the paths leading to 
it, lighting up the floor, and the decorations 
which had been put up for the afternoon. 
The campus presented a truly holiday ap- 
pearance. The band concert began at 8 p.m. 
and the dancing at 9. A large crowd wit- 
nessed the dance. Twice the number of 
seats would hardly have been too many for 
the spectators. The floor, too, was some- 
what small for the large number that partic- 
ipated in the dance, for the beautiful weather 
had brought out many more than the com- 
mittee had expected. 

An enjoyable order of dances was in- 
dulged in, and, at the intermission, supper 
was served by Robinson, in Lower Memorial 
Hall. The dancers then adjourned to 
Memorial Hall and the remainder of the 
programme was carried out there, everybody 
voting that the Dance on the Green had 
been a great success. 

Medical School Graduation. 

The graduation of the class of '92, Med- 
ical School of Maine, occurred Wednesday, 
at 9 a.m. The following is the order of 

exercises : 



Rev. Charles F. Allen, D.D. 
Hon. Orville D. Baker. 

Oration — Parting Address. 

Edward Joseph McDonough, A.B. 
Presentation of Diplomas. President Hyde. 


Mr. Baker's eloquent address was a treat 
to the audience, as all who heard his oration 
of four years ago expected. 

Mr. McDonough, the orator of the class, 
then spoke earnestly and eloquently of the 
best way to attain success in his profession. 


By Edward J. McDonough. 

During the past few months, as day by day we 
drew nearer to our graduation, the more our thoughts 
have turned towards the future which lies awaiting 
us, and the more seriously have we pondered on the 
object which must bear us on in life, and how suc- 
cess may be best attained. We are to pass from the 
lecture room of the student into the ranks of our 
profession, ready to undergo the trials, ready to 
sustain the burdens which we shall meet. Thus far 
the foundation has been laid by other hands and it 
remains for us to raise the superstructure. Build it 
as grandly as we may, but let each column stand as 
firm as the base from which it springs. Better our 
handiwork heaps up some pile, rough and rugged 
though it be, whose walls can bear the winter's 
storm, than that it rears a glittering 2^alace whose 
shining spires and minarets topple in the summer's 
breeze. To fashion aright, to lift each stone in place 
can only be done by following out the plans drawn 
by our master builders here. 

Though the routine work of student days is over, 
though note-books for the time are cast aside, the 
real life study but begins. True, in a measure, we 
are no longer students ; no longer will we grasp 
ideas with a student's understanding, but with a 
mind broadened by experience and researches of our 
own. But in every other respect we must still re- 
main the same, still plodding on, still following out 
the pursuit of science here begun. In early practice, 
before patients have begun to jostle each other, in 
their frantic efforts to reach our office, no day should 
go by without seeing some little added to our stock 
of knowledge. Then is the time to cultivate a habit; 
then is the time to lay away, in well arranged order, 
facts, from which in future we may draw ; hoarding 
up a store of information which will stand us in the 
moment of emergency, when our every resource is 



strained to the test. The best medical literature 
should be sought and carefully treasured. He who is 
satisfied to rest content with what he has gleaned in his 
three years 1 course, will some day awaken from hisRip 
Van Winkle reverie to find new forms standing 
where he thought the old should be. In this pro- 
gressive age, as the book of yesterday is old to-day, 
so the work of to-day must make place for that of 
the morrow. No matter where chance may place 
a man, he should have within his reach the journals 
of his profession, with which he may keep apace 
with the theories and practices of its leaders, that 
he may utilize every fresh idea ; not radically grasp- 
ing it by way of experiment but following, proof by 
proof, how it displaces what at one time seemed in- 
fallible, taking as his word the advice so well ex- 
pressed by Pope : 

" Be not the first by whom the new are tried 
Nor yet the last to lay the old aside." 

Another opportunity, which, when presented, no 
one should miss, is that of gaining admission to 
active societies. I mean, not as presiding officer of 
some grange or charter member of a village de- 
baling club. These are all good in their way and 
afford amusement; but let them be subservient 
to those which have for their aim medical lore. Not 
only is the chance presented of interchanging views 
with men who know as much, or rather more than 
he, but the double advantage is gained of forming a 
closer acquaintance with his brother practitioners. A 
companionship most fitting is here established and 
in the future must lead to good results. We hear of 
the ethics of the profession, and how a man must act 
towards and in the interests of bis patients; but 
how often is the point of conduct towards each 
other missed! That men are doctors, and live within 
ten miles of each other, should be no reason for 
the existence of a state of continual warfare. That 
by his hard work a man is overstepping us, should 
not arouse the desire to drag him down ; rat her it should 
be a stimulus to urge us on in our endeavors to over- 
take and pass him on the way. Let the rivalry be 
an open one, having at heart the advancement of the 
profession. The existence of such a state of things 
is not an Utopian idea, calling for a return of the 
Golden Age, but one that can be carried out, even in 
this our own bustling time. As we find in nearly 
every rank of life, men like conditioned, banded to- 
gether for the sake of establishing and cherishing a 
fraternal spirit, so surely in the medical world a like 
union should exist between each man and his 

After the consideration of what a man owes him- 
self and his colleagues, he must carefully view those 

duties which he owes his patients. He must recog- 
nize the relations existing and endeavor to fully 
sustain them. He is entrusted with their inmost 
thoughts and secrets. Morally he is bound to guard 
them as he would his own life. How often would a 
remark dropped unwittingly, add not only to the 
discomfit, but unhappiness of him, whose confidence 
has been won and thus abused. The office should 
be a sanctum, about which a veil is drawn to shield 
the sacred treasures placed within. When once the 
curtain has been rent and the interior thrown open to 
the vulgar gaze, then the guardian has failed in his 
trust. The intercourse with the patient should be 
frank and true. 'Tis only the charlatan who resorts 
to subterfuges to cover his ignorance and crime. 
The physician arrogates to himself none of the 
attributes of the Divinity. To create, to restore life 
to the dead are beyond his power. He applies his 
skill in helping nature. In watching the life as it trem- 
bles in its struggle to shake off some cruel foe, 
cheering it on and sustaining it in its encounter, 
and if in the strife he keeps the savage jaws from 
closing on some vital spot, therein he does his part 
and is able to bear his champion, drooping though 
it be, a victor from the conflict. The closer a physi- 
cian puts himself in touch with his patients the 
sooner he disabuses their minds of the idea that he 
is shrouded in some occult science whose rights out- 
rival the mysteries of the ancient Druids, the sooner 
will he establish himself in that position where his 
efforts will receive the intelligent co-operation so 
necessary in the sick room. 

Besides this he should carry with him to the bed- 
side a feeling of sympathy and encouragement, 
not looking upon the application of his skill as a 
machinist would upon the repairing of a shattered 
engine. His coming should be viewed as the ray 
of sunshine which peeps in at some prison window, 
calling the criminal from his broodings to the con- 
templation of pleasanter memories. The man who 
will not seek to do this, and still has a desire to dip 
into medicine would do well to confine his efforts to 
weighing drugs, and measuring nostrums, where 
his work may happily be crowned with success. 
Where the one will unnerve the patient, stir up un- 
rest in the heart of the anxious mother or wife, the 
other will soothe the sick man and fill the troubled 
minds with gratitude and consolation. And where 
cold, calculating skill alone may fail, skill tempered 
with moderation may bring about an almost unhoped- 
for result. 

And now with our duties lying before us, gather- 
ing about for the last time before we start in their 
fulfillment, I am reminded of the story one of our 



poets sings in his Idyls of the king. He tells how in 
the ancient times King Arthur founded his Round 
Table. How about him he gathered his wisest men 
and counseled for the good of his nation. He sought 
to raise his people from their fallen state, and place 
them high among the kingdoms of the world. From 
all the land he summoned to his court the youth 
both high and low. He would stimulate them to 
deeds of chivalry and honor, and by their example 
teach the rest. To each was assigned some task, to 
show his skill, to prove his worth. No glittering 
array, no idle boast sufficed. It was necessary to 
assert by deed not word his claim to stand as cham- 
pion of the Round Table. 

Having passed the ordeal, having gained the 
coveted spurs and belt, he was sent in quest of the 
Golden Grail, that having seen he might return and 
claim a seat beside his august king. To-day we see 
the legend taking form. King Arthur and his table 
gird us round, and we are standing, waiting to don 
our armor and start upon the quest. Three years 
ago we came, entering the lists, willing to undergo 
the trials, with the hope of some day being enrolled 
as humble followers of a mighty band. Three years 
have you toiled with us, leading where no paths 
seemed to lie, lighting us when all seemed dark, 
sustaining us when lagging on the way. Yours was 
the task to train our every action for the destined 
end, to tit us for our future mission in the world. 
This you have done and now you send us forth upon 
our conquest, armed and instructed by your untiring 
zeal. Comrades, let us go forth as Arthur's knights 
rode on to seek the one great object of their lives. 
Scattered as their various courses lay, so may our 
different paths diverge, but as one common cause 
was theirs, so let ours be. From the very onset 
difficulties arose to stay their strange pursuit. Foe- 
men beset them, unknown lands threatened destruc- 
tion. One by one they fell from their purpose, 
weary in body, doubting in mind, till of all that 
dazzling cavalcade one alone remained, remember- 
ing his pledge to see the Grail or never more 
return. So shall enemies beset us in our march. 
Disease and plague shall thwart our different plans. 
Though our encounters seem in vain, let us hope on, 
never hesitating, never swerving from our duty, 
always keeping in sight the motto of our grand 
calling, " Do good." Suffering will meet us on 
every hand, and be it in the palace or the hut, there 
should we go. The same care, the same watchful- 
ness we give the one we must not grudge the other. 
When motives other than the love of our profession 
actuate, then, like the laggard knights, we will fail, 
one by one, in gaining the cherished end. Setting 

aside the temptations which may lure us from it, let 
us keep onward, helping each other in his struggle 
for success. Not the success ringing with empty 
honors, but that which awaits the man who by his 
faithful work sees others 1 griefs dispelled, sees 
others' lives grow bright. When we behold the 
kindly smile which lights the face of misery at our 
every turn, then may we think that we have seen 
the Golden Grail. Then, and then only may we 
come to claim the prize from Arthur's hand. And 
instead of one Sir Galahad appearing, weary with 
toil, may we all, all return to seek the place in 
Arthur's council. 

Before presenting the diplomas, Presi- 
dent Hyde spoke of recent endowments 
which the Medical School was to share 
jointly with the Academic Department. He 
said that the new Scientific building, which 
had just been given to Bowdoin, would fur- 
nish a chemical laboratory for the Medical 
students as well as those of the Academic 

The President announced that the four 
highest ranks were attained by Edward 
Joseph McDonough, A.B., James Otis Lin- 
coln, Frederick Henry Eames, A.B., and 
Charles Francis Nutter. 

The following are the members of the 
class, which is one of the largest which the 
Medical School has ever graduated : 

Justin Darius Ames, Brunswick, Me. ; Charles 
Howard Bangs, Limerick, Me. ; James Prentiss 
Blake, Harrison, Me. ; Luther Grow Bunker, Tren- 
ton, Me. ; John William Connellan, Portland, Me. ; 
David Benjamin Crediford, Shapleigh, Me. ; Russell 
Herbert Croxford, A.B., East Dixmont, Me. ; Fred- 
erick Henry Eames, A.B., Manchester, N. H. ; 
Salustiano Fanduiz, A.B., San Domingo, W. I.; 
Roland Sumner Gove, Limington, Me. ; Charles 
Franklin Hamlin, Otisfield, Me. ; Fremont Lincpln 
Hogan, Bath, Me. ; Samuel Edmund Knight, Stock- 
ton, Cal.; James Otis Lincoln, Bath, Me.; Edward 
Joseph McDonough, A.B., Portland, Me.; Charles 
Francis Nutter, Rochester, N. H. ; Charles Ara 
Palmer, Bath, Me. ; Isaac Park Park, Stockton 
Springs, Me. ; Sylvanus Cobb Pierpont, Waldoboro, 
Me. ; Daniel Arthur Plett, A.B., D.V.S., Coaticook, 
Quebec, Can.; Herbert Winslow Robinson, South 
Windham, Me. ; Owen Percy Smith, Cornish, Me. ; 
Clarence Augustus Stetson, Groveland, Mass.; 


Eugene Leslie Stevens, A.B., North Troy, Me.; 
James Stephen Sullivan, Portland, Me. ; Albie 
Warren Sylvester, Etna, Me. 

The class officers are : 

President, Herbert Winslovv Robinson ; Vice- 
President, James Prentiss Blake ; Secretary, David 
Benjamin Crediford ; Treasurer, Roland Sumner 
Gove; Orator, Edward Joseph McDonough, A.B. ; 
Marshal, Albie Warren Sylvester ; Executive Com- 
mittee, John William Connellan, Salustiano Fan- 
duiz, A.B., Charles Francis Nutter, Sylvanus Cobb 
Pierpont, Clarence Augustus Stetson. 

The Salem Cadet Band furnished the 
music and again gave their well-known 

Phi Beta Kappa. 

The annual meeting of the Phi Beta 
Kappa was held in Adams Hall, Wednesday, 
at 11 A.M. The following officers for the 
coming year were elected : 

President, Hon. Henry Ingalls, '41; Vice-Presi- 
dent, Prof. Henry L. Chapman, '66 ; Secretary and 
Treasurer, Prof. Franklin C. Robinson, 73; Literary 
Committee, Prof. G. T. Little, 77, Mr. Galen C. 
Moses, '56, Rev. E. C. Cummings, '53, Mr. Henry S. 
Webster, '67, Hon. Herbert M. Heath, 72. 

Members from '92 : 

H. C. Emery, L. M. Fobes, H. F. Linscott, E. B. 
Wood, H. W. Kimball, J. C. Hull, P. Bartlelt, R. F. 
Bartlett, T. F. Nichols, C. M. Pennell, H. R. Gurney, 
J. M. Wathen, C. S. Rich, H. T. Field. 

Maine Historical Society. 

The annual meeting of the Maine His- 
torical Society was held Wednesday fore- 
noon, in Massachusetts Hall. The chief 
business transacted was a vote to move the 
collections of the society from their present 
room in the Baxter Building, Portland, to 
Baxter Hall. 

Alumni Oration. 

The oration before the alumni, Wednes- 
day afternoon, was by Rev. Henry T. 
Cheever, and was on the "Life, Cha^cter, and 

Work of George B. Cheever." A large and 
appreciative audience listened to the elo- 
quent oration on one of Bowdoin's greatest 

Commencement Concert. 

In the evening a large crowd attended 
the concert in Town Hall. Myron Whitney 
and his quartette were the chief attractions. 
The concert was one of the best ever given 

Fraternity Reunions. 

After the Commencement Concert the 
various society halls opened their doors to 
the alumni. An enjoyable evening was 
passed in each of the halls which brought to 
the memory of the graduates many an inci- 
dent of their college course in connection 
with their Fraternities. 

The Alpha Delta Phi celebrated its 
fiftieth anniversary. Frank L. Staples, '89, 
delivered an oration. Hon. Levi Turner, 
Jr., was the orator for Theta Delta Xi. 

Alumni Meeting. 

The Alumni Association held its annual 
meeting in Adams Hall, Thursday morning. 
The following committee on the nomination 
of overseers was elected : Llewellyn Deane, 
Washington, D. C. ; Arthur P. Parker, Bos- 
ton ; Dr. George H. Cummings, Portland. 
The following were elected a committee to 
award the Pray English prize: Prof. C. C. 
Everett, Frank A. Hill, Isaac B. Choate of 
Cambridge. It was voted to hold the next 
meeting of the association in Memorial Hall. 

Meetings oe the Boards of Trustees 
and Overseers. 

Tuesday afternoon a letter from Gen. 
Hubbard was read to the Boards, announc- 
ing the gift of a scientific building to the 
college by Mr. Edward F. Searles. The 


building is to cost approximately 160,000. 
At the meeting of the Boards, Wednesday 
forenoon, the following resolution was passed 
in regard to the donation : 

Resolved, That the profound gratitude of Bow- 
doin College and its alumni is due to Edward S. 
Searles for his most generous donation of a building 
for the scientific departments of the college, offered 
in the letter of General Thomas H. Hubbard and 
accepted by the concurrent vote of the Boards. The 
building shall be designated and perpetually known 
as the Mary F. S. Searles Scientific Laboratory of 
Bowdoin College. 

Hon. John L. Crosby, Oliver C. Stevens, 
and John H. Goodenow, are on the commit- 
tee to co-operate with Mr. Searles in the 
erection of the building. 

Ten thousand dollars was voted for the 
improvement of the dormitories. Two dwell- 
ing houses were authorized to be erected for 
professors. Prof. Henry Johnson was elected 
curator of the art collection. Gen. Cham- 
berlain and Judge Putnam were appointed 
a committee to make arrangements for the 
centenary celebration. It was voted to 
admit candidates to college on certificates 
from approved schools. 

Prof. Lawton's resignation from the Latin 
chair was accepted. John F. Thompson, 
M.D., was elected Lecturer on Diseases of 
Women. Willis B. Moulton, M.D., was 
elected Clinical Instructor for one year of 
Diseases of the Eye and Ear. Arthur R. 
Moulton, M.D., was elected instructor in 
Mental Diseases. 

Thursday, Hon. Charles F. Libby was 
elected President of the Overseers. Hon. 
Henry Ingalls was elected an overseer, to fill 
the vacancy caused by the death of George 
E. B. Jackson. It was voted to employ a 
competent sanitary engineer to lay out a 
proper system of sewerage for the college 
buildings. The finance committee was 
requested to take into consideration the 
expediency of erecting a central heating 

Commencement Exercises. 
At 10.30 Thursday forenoon the proces- 
sion formed in front of the chapel and, 
headed by the band, proceeded by the central 
path and down the street to the church. 
Here the Commencementexercises were held. 
The following is the programme: 


V* Four members of the class, Messrs. Emery, Fobes, Linscott, 
and Wood, were by rank, equally entitled to the Salutatory; 
among these it fell to Mr. Wood by lot. 

The Revelation of God ; with Latin Salutatory. 

Earl Boynton Wood, Bangor. 
Restriction of Immigration. 

*Roy Fairfield Bartlett, Caribou. 
Loyalty to Principle, the True Element of Reform. 

John Carpenter Hull, Woodfords. 
Russian Advance into Central Asia. 

Charles Selwyn Rich, Portland. 


Should Young Men go into Politics ? 

Henry Crosby Emery, Ellsworth. 
The Christ in Histoiw. 

Harry Woods Kimball, Woodfords. 
The Electric Railway. 

Leon Melcher Fobes, Portland. 
Some Aspects of American Journalism. 

Percy Bartlett, Ellsworth. 


Preservation of the New England Town. 

Fred Vincent Gummer, Brunswick. 
Qualifications Essential to Success. 

*Charles Melvin Pennell, North Harpswell. 
Conservative and Radical. 

Thomas Flint Nichols, Brunswick. 
The Spirit of American Scholarship. 

Harry Farrar Linscott, Chicago, 111. 





* Excused. 

Below are the honorary appointments for 
the Class of '92: 


Henry Crosby Emery, 
Leon Melcher Fobes, 
Harry Farrar Linscott, 
Earl Boynton Wood, 



Chicago, 111. 





Percy Bartlett, 
John Carpenter Hull, 
Harry Woods Kimball, 



Roy Fairfield Bartlett, 
Herbert Toby Field, 
Herbert Reed Gurney, 
Thomas Flint Nichols, 
Charles Melvin Pennell, 
Charles Sehvyn Rich, 
John Moss Wathen, 



Whitman, Mass. 


North Harps well. 


Fredericton, N. B. 


Samuel Belcher Abbott, 
Thomas Henry Gately, Jr., 
Fred Vincent Gummer, 
Will Osmar Hersey, 
William Beaman Kenniston, 
Theodore Studley Lazell, 
Alfred Mitchell Merriman, 
James David Merriman, 
Howard Wellington Poore, 
Everett Alberton Pugsley, 
Winfield Scott Randall, 
Ernest Boyen young, 


Joel Bean, Jr., 
George Downes, 
Frank Durgin, 
Lyman Kingman Lee, 
Roland William Mann, 
Ervine Dewey Osborne, 
Samuel Leon Parcher, 
Harold Robinson Smith, 
Clinton Stacy, 
Frederick George Sweet, 
Edward Haven Wilson, 

Frank Howard Cothren, 
John Fernald Hodgdon, 

Honors in French — Leon Melcher Fobes. 

Honors in Latin — Percy Bartlett, Fred Vincent 
Gummer, Earl Boynton Wood. 

Honors in English Literature — Harry Woods Kim- 

The degree of Master of Arts was con- 
ferred on the following : 

Stephen Melville Eaton, '55 ; Emerson L. Adams ; 
Lincoln J. Bodge, John R. Clark, Wallace S. Elden, 





Boothbay Harbor. 


North Harps well. 


South Bridgton. 

Rochester, N. H. 

West Harpswell. 


Presque Isle. 







North Whitefield. 

Kezar Falls. 



Brooklyn, N. Y. 
South Berwick. 

William M. Emery, George T. Files, Sanford L. 
Fogg, Frederick W. Freeman, Wilbur D. Gilpatrick, 
George W. Hayes, Charles F. Hersey, Fremont J. 
C. Little, Ferdinand J. Libby, Frank Lynatn, Earle 
A. Merrill, Albert E. Neal, Daniel E. Owen, John 
M. Phelan, Mervyn A. Rice, Oscar L. Rideout, George 
L. Rogers, Fred C. Russell, Orrin R. Smith, Frank 
L. Staples, George Thwing, Oliver P. Watts, Verdeil 
O. White, '89; James W. McDonald, '67 ; Phillip G. 
Brown, Albert Somes, 77; Warren F. Bickford, '72; 
Herbert E. Cole, '83; Frank K. Linscotl, Howard L. 
Shaw, Joseph Williamson, Jr., '88. Albion Dwight 
Gray, and Henry Eastman Cutts, '92, were given the 
degree of Master of Arts pro merito. 

The degree of Bachelor of Arts was con- 
ferred on John Franklin Hall, '78, and Wal- 
ton Willis Poor, '91. 

The honorary degree of Doctor of Divin- 
ity was conferred on Rev. Henry T. Cheever, 
of Worcester, Mass. 

The Goodwin Commencement prize for 
the best written part was awarded to Charles 
S. Rich, of Portland. 

Alumni Dinner. 

After the Commencement exercises the 
procession was formed in front of the church, 
and lead by President McKeen of the alumni 
it marched to the Gymnasium, where the 
dinner was served by Robinson the caterer. 
Blessing was asked by Rev. Egbert C. 
Smythe. After the dinner President Hyde 
called upon Mr. Thomas, of the class of '41, 
to line off the old college hymn. When 
this had been sung, President Hyde spoke 
as follows : 

Gentlemen of the Alumni, — It is a pleasure to 
welcome you back to the old college at all times, 
but never were we more glad to welcome you, and, 
I am sure never were you more glad to come, than 
to this Commencement. There are represented here 
to-day sixty-seven years. The gentleman who was 
sitting at my left, and who has but just left us (Ex- 
Senator Bradbury), only a few moments ago told me 
that his first acquaintance with Bowdoin College was 
seventy years ago this very Commencement season, 
when he came up the street — there was no station to 
come to then — and entered the church and heard Judge 
Appleton delivering his Commencement oration. We 



have here also, I am happy to say, a large number 
of the younger alumni, and we shall hear from their 

When the college was selecting the site of the 
new observatory we found a row of neat and 
comely grave-stones. We did not know what it 
might mean. We hesitated to disturb the bones 
that might lie under them. Each of these grave- 
stones bore the inscription : "Anna." It was diffi- 
cult for us to comprehend who this person might be. 
We thought, enshrined as she was in the affections of 
so many successive classes, that she must have been 
some college widow of days gone by [Laughter], 
but when a knowing alumnus suggested that "Anna" 
was a pet name for analytical geometry, we went on 
without scruple and disturbed her tomb, and now 
you see the observatory upon the site. As you come 
back to the old college, many memories that are 
enshrined in your affections will find no counterpart 
upon the campus, and yet I believe that for every old 
custom and old institution that you miss you will find 
a new, if not a better, custom and institution has 
taken its place. We have the old, rounded, symmet- 
rical classical education, and at the same time we 
try to impart it by modern methods. We have the 
same loyalty, and religion, and Christianity which 
characterized the early days of the college, and yet 
we endeavor to teach these things with due regard, 
and in fair adjustment to the conclusions of modern 
scientific and critical inquiry. We have the old 
academic freedom that you all enjoyed, and yet we 
strive to restrain the overflowing animal spirits that 
crop out in Sophomore year, within the limits of 
gentlemanly behavior. 

We have many things to be thankful for. This, 
indeed, has in that respect been a leap year in the 
history of the college. Each term has been marked 
with a new benefaction. As we. came back in 
the fall term to begin our work, we were greeted 
by the announcement of the Walker Art Build- 
ing. [Applause.] That building, whose founda- 
tion you see already in process of erection, is a 
building which bids fair to be the finest in the State, 
and will have no superior for its purposes any- 
where. That building was a prime object of Mr. 
Walker, and has been a cherished purpose in the 
plans of his nieces. They have traveled in foreign 
countries, have studied the architecture of such 
buildings there, and have selected the best architects 
they could secure in this country. Together they 
have planned a building which, as your committee 
were agreed, when they saw the finished plans and 
sketch, will be itself a work of art, and will be 
worthy to receive the gifts of portraits and statuary 

which may come to it for generations to come. It is 
a noble monument by devoted nieces to a noble man. 
When we came back to the winter term, the first of 
January, our hearts were encouraged by news from 
California of the Garcelon bequest. The treasurer at 
once, after consulting with the legal members of the 
Boards here, went to California and informed him- 
self accurately and minutely concerning all the legal 
questions, and the status of all the investments, 
securities, and real estate held there, and selected 
lawyers who carefully looked after our interests in 
every way. The Boards met at once and ratified 
the plans which were proposed there, and to-day we 
are able to say that the case is in just that condition 
in which every friend of the college wishes it to be. 

Coming to the spring term, we felt that these 
large additions in the way of beautifying the 
campus and of making possible improvements in 
the course of instruction, at length warranted us in 
presenting to the public and to our friends a claim 
which we had long felt, but had not thought it wise 
to press until perhaps more urgent matters were 
attended to. We felt that the maintenance of the 
teaching force and the increase of the teaching fund 
was necessary. But as these things seemed to be 
not far distant, we consulted together, the heads 
of the scientific departments made reports, and 
on the tenth day of June we presented to the 
visiting committee of the college our feeling of the 
urgent need of a scientific building. That was on 
the tenth of this month. On the seventeenth it was 
given to the public, and some good friends of the 
college have called me to account for stating too 
publicly the urgent needs of the institution, feeling 
that students might be deterred from coming to an 
institution that was in such sad lack of the necessities 
for scientific training. However, that was given to 
the public on the seventeenth day of June, and on 
the twenty-first, the chairman of the visiting commit- 
tee, to whom the statement was first made, came to 
us and announced that he was authorized to offer to 
the college from Mr. Edward F. Searles $60,000, more 
or less, for the purpose in question. Of the way in 
which this building fits into our work and meets our 
needs, a member of the Faculty will speak later. I 
wish only to say that this gift is especially gratifying 
because of its evidence that the gifts we have received 
are not discouraging others. Some one has said that 
the needs of an institution of learning increase as 
the square of its resources. Certainly its capacity 
for usefulness increases with the square of its 
resources. Every new gift is multiplied by all the 
gifts that have gone before. It is a noble thing to 



give money to an institution to save it from bank- 
ruptcy when it is just struggling along for mere 
existence. Bowdoin College has been grateful for 
many such gifts. But men who are looking for 
places to invest their money in educational work, if 
they are wise, as such men are apt to be, will see 
that the more an institution has, the more it can do 
with what is given to it. Bowdoin College no longer 
appeals for the necessities of giving some kind of an 
education to men. That is insured already. This 
college will never be closed for lack of funds. We 
trust that our friends will see to it that now that it is 
insured that we shall be a college, it shall be as 
good a college of its kind as can be found anywhere 
in the world. 

The only change in the permanent corps of 
instruction this year is occasioned by the resigna- 
tion of the Professor in Latin. That was com- 
municated in private to us something like a 
month ago. From that time to this we have been 
busy investigating and inquiring at every centre 
where promising teachers of that language could be 
found. Many candidates have been considered, and 
for one reason or another rejected. One man among 
the number developed greater strength the more his 
history and record were investigated. This gentle- 
man has so conducted himself in the past that from 
all our numerous sources of inquiry not one unfavor- 
able word has come. Professor W. A. Houghton 
was graduated from Phillips Andover Academy in 
1869, and from Yale in 1873. For two years after 
graduation he was principal of the preparatory 
department of Olivet College and instructor in Latin 
in the college. He was tutor in Latin at Yale for a 
year. At the end of that time he went to teach the 
English language and literature in the Imperial 
University at Tokio, Japan. This position, which he 
was called to for three years he occupied for five 
years, and then, returning home, spent a year in 
Germany in the study of Latin, at the University of 
Berlin. He was then called to the chair of Latin in 
the University of the City of New York, but for 
family reasons found it impracticable to accept that 
position. He accepted a position as Professor of the 
English language and literature. After the Profes- 
sor of Latin became infirm, the instruction in Latin 
was practically handed over to him, and for the last 
three years he has taught all the undergraduate and 
graduate work in that institution. There are, as I 
have said, personal family reasons, which in no way 
reflect upon him, which render it unpleasant for him 
to remain in that institution. He had already 
resigned, and we consider ourselves extremely fort- 
unate in securing to our Latin chair a man who has 

had fifteen or more years of successful experience in 
teaching — in Latin more especially who has had the 
advantage of studying in one of the best universities 
in Germany, and has also taken his degree in Yale 
University in this subject. We feel that he will 
bring to us a successful experience, and a gentle- 
manly and courteous temperament and manner, 
which will make him beloved by Faculty and stu- 
dents here. 

We feel that there is no reason now why the 
progress of this college should not be sure and 
steady. We draw our students from the farms and 
villages — from the towns and cities of the good old 
State of Maine, and no stronger, sturdier, more 
upright young men can be found than those who 
come to us from year to year. We have a Faculty, 
young, enthusiastic, devoted, earnestly identi- 
fied with the interests of the college and with the 
interests of the young men who come here to study. 
The lack of buildings has been our great defect, but 
these munificent gilts which have come to us within 
the year, place us on an equal footing in that respect, 
with any institution of our size. One department 
remains to be strengthened and developed. Our 
library has a magnificent equipment of valuable 
books, handed down from the past. It is ably 
administered to-day. The maximum of usefulness 
and efficiency is secured there now at a minimum of 
cost, and it only remains for that library to be 
endowed with $50,000 or $100,000, to make it one 
of the most useful and efficient members of the 
college. And we believe that this stream of bene- 
faction which has been turned toward us, will very 
soon divert itself in that direction and make good 
that last of our urgent and pressing needs at the 
present time. [Applause.] We hope, of course, 
before long, to increase our teaching force. There 
are departments which need to be specialized and 
developed. The scientific professors have more 
ground to cover than is wise to require of them. The 
branch of Sociology should be separated from that 
of History. Elocution and Rhetoric should receive 
more recognition, and I am hajspy to say that there 
is some provision in sight for the accomplishment of 
that end. But these things will come in the natural 
growth of the college. The Garcelon bequest, and 
the express wishes of the donors, will make it pos- 
sible for us to enable worthy students of slender 
means to complete their course without being obliged 
to go out to teach during the winter. But you do 
not wish to hear from me. You wish to hear from 
each other, and from those who represent the 
governing boards of the college. 

The President then called upon Gen. 



Thomas H. Hubbard of '57, chairman of the 
Trustees, who was given a most enthusiastic 
reception, as he arose to speak. 

General Hubbard : 

Mr. President, and Brother Graduates, — The ap- 
plause is quite disproportionate to the merits of the 
recipient. I take it, it is elicited not by the recipient, 
but by the pleasant and cordial remarks of our Presi- 
dent. I am asked to speak for the Board of Trustees. 
When one speaks of a trustee, the mind immediately 
reverts to the trust behind it, as every trustee implies 
a trust. It is a hazardous, and somewhat odious 
thing for any man now to speak in favor of trusts 
[Laughter.] We have recently announced the new 
doctrine, or the old revived doctrine, that public 
office is a public trust. I observe also that each of 
the leading political parties has incorporated in its 
platform a denunciation of trusts, and in addressing 
you I am not quite sure that the strictures applied in 
those platforms do not reach the board which I now 
am asked to represent. The Board of Trustees has 
not, however, been terrified by these denunciations, 
nor has it been terrified by the surveillance and 
supervision of that other Board of forty-five young 
gentlemen whose duty it is to watch the Trustees 
and see that they perform their duty in the proper way. 
In fact, it is by the cordial co-operation of those 
Boar ds and the cordial co-operation of the Faculty 
of instruction with both Boards, that the three to- 
gether are able to carry out the purpose prescribed 
in the charter of the college, which says that (nam- 
ing the parties) are made a corporation for the pur- 
pose of instructing youth. In the few words that 1 
have to say, I wish to emphasize the importance of 
that prerogative, and of that duty. 

I know it is thought that college education is not 
always a practical education. But what can be more 
practical than the question of education when viewed 
in the light in which we view it, and when given in the 
way that this college Faculty gives it? I think it 
should be iterated and reiterated that the important 
thing is education. That is a trite saying. I mean 
in this sense : the important thing is education, be- 
cause nearly all the ills of human life would be 
ameliorated, if the whole race were a race of edu- 
cated men. I am sure the addresses we have heard 
to-day from the graduating class, the subjects chosen, 
the method of treatment, the scope of thought which 
is indicated by the addresses, show that the men 
educated here are practical men, who are going out 
in life to do the work which others, perhaps, have 
failed to do. It is difficult, in fact impossible, to correct 
abuses and to remove vices by attacking the matured 

vice or matured abuse. Each man is interested 
according to his own hobby in enlisting all the young 
men in some special reform, but if the attention of 
all the young men could be turned to the subject of 
education, that would be the most efficient method of 
administering charities, and the best way to correct 
abuses. Attacking matured vice is very much like 
cutting off the top of witcli grass; cut oft' the top, 
and it only seems to encourage the root. There is 
no way in which to get rid of it except by rooting 
it out. So with matured vice and evil. Unless you 
begin at the bottom and send out men who are free 
from thoughts of vice — with high purpose, with 
good intelligence, with correct ideas, — there is no 
such thing as eradicating vice. The supply must 
always come from the bottom, and the way to cut oft* 
the supply is to give proper education to the young 
men, as this college, I am sure, is doing. 

We often speak, and hear others speak, of the 
great prospects of this country. It is a favorite 
subject of American oratory. Speakers say: " Con- 
sider the great advances of the country in the last 
twenty, thirty, or fifty years. Consider what we shall 
be fifty years hence." That is a subject for thought, 
but it always suggests this thought: that a country 
amounts to just as much as the men in it amount to. 
I do not care for the progress in wealth, I do not 
care for the progress in scientific developments, 
provided the country that has them, is to be occupied 
by a set of wicked or vicious men. No matter what 
the advances of the country in wealth, no matter 
what its growth, it is just what the men in it make it, 
and the only way to fill it up with good men is to 
have men properly educated, and by that I mean 
educated all around, as I think the boys here are 
being educated. Gentlemen, I thank you. [Ap- 

President Hyde : 

There is one gentleman present who has ad- 
ministered public office as a public trust with such em- 
inentsuccess that he has been promoted from the office 
of President of the State Senate to the Presidency 
of that Board which superintends and overlooks the 
Board of Trustees — Hon. Charles F. Libby, the 
newly elected President of the Board of Overseers. 

Mr. Libby : 

Mr. President, and Gentlemen of the Alumni, — 
I regret to say that I have returned from a recent 
trip to Minneapolis in such a disabled condition that 
I am not able adequately to voice the sentiments of 
joy and gladness with which every loyal son of 
Bowdoin must contemplate the present condition and 
future prospects of our Alma Mater. We receive 



these benefactions which have poured in upon us, 
during the past year, with grateful hearts as a not 
undeserved tribute to the spirit and teaching of this 
college, whose history is written in the lives of its 
graduates. The usefulness of a college is not 
measured by the number of its graduates, but by 
the ability of its sons, and, measured by that standard, 
Bowdoin College has never stood, and, I believe 
never will, in the second ranks. Times have 
changed, however, since nearly a century ago this 
institution of learning was planted in the sparsely 
settled district of Maine. Education does not mean 
now what it meant then. The practical equipment 
for a busy life now takes in much that was substan- 
tially unknown twenty-five years ago. The horizon 
has been extended, and institutions must respond to 
the wants of each generation, or lose their hold and 
influence. I am happy to state that Bowdoin never 
was so well equipped for the work as to-day. Never, 
I believe, has the enthusiasm, earnestness, and sin- 
cei'ity of those whe have her interests in charge, 
whether as Faculty or governing Boards, been so 
directed to one end, and that is to give to the young 
men, who come within her walls, the best training 
and the best education, that we know how to give, 
to fit them well and nobly to fulfill their part in life. 
What every college needs is the loyal support of her 
alumni, and that, I feel sure, Bowdoin College will 
have. [Applause.] 

The President then read a letter of re- 
gret from Governor Burleigh. 

The next speaker was James McKeen, 
Esq., of New York, President of the Alumni 
Association. He said : 

Mr. President, — I observe here so many of our 
alumni who are better able to speak for themselves 
than I am to speak for them, that I am admonished 
to be brief. I have little more to say, sir, officially, 
than to tender you, upon behalf of the alumni, our 
gratitude and congratulations upon your successful 
administration of the college during the years of 
your presidency. [Great applause.] At that famous 
anniversary of the college which commemorated the 
fiftieth graduation of the class of '25, one somewhat 
cynical son of Bowdoin, tired of the entirety of 
praises, suggested that it was time to endow a 
professorship here of diffidence. In fact, he went 
so far as to express the opinion that if possible it 
would be a happy thing to have all the members of 
that class speedily promoted to the starry regions of 
the asterisks in the triennial. I can by no means 
subscribe to that sentiment. It gives me the greatest 

joy that we can still salute living some members of 
that famous class. [The speaker then alluded to 
Senator Bradbury and Horatio Bridge, members of 
the class of '25, adding that he did not think we 
needed to endow a professorship of diffidence.] We 
came here to shout for Bowdoin College. I believe 
in it. [Applause.] Mr. President, you possibly 
remember the boy who on his entrance examination 
here was asked to render the Latin proverb: " De 
mortuis nil nisi bonum." He presently stammered 
out this translation: "There is nothing left of dead 
men but bones." [Laughter.] I never entirely sub- 
scribed to that Latin motto, much less to the trans- 
lation, but I do thoroughly believe in praise on the 
part of the alumni on these occasions, not only of 
the illustrious dead, but of the active men who are 
working for the college. I had the pleasure a year 
ago of standing on the dock at Brooklyn when that 
little whaling propeller carried away an Arctic 
explorer, accompanied by his heroic wife, [great 
applause] and I am happy to testify that the last 
words on the lips of Lieutenant Peary were his Alma 
Mater's name. [Applause.] I have great faith 
that just as last year the banner of Bowdoin College 
was carried to the almost forgotten recesses of Lab- 
rador, [applause] so in this coming fall will it float 
on the loftiest and most northern of "Greeland's icy 
mountains." [The speaker added that while it was 
well to boast of our achievements, we must bear in 
mind that those achievements were not always in 
times of prosperity and fair weather, and that quiet 
work was a most important factor in our success. 
In closing, he indorsed this sentiment of the lordly 
laureate : " To him that works, and knows he works, 
the golden year is always at the door."] 

Rev. William L. Hyde, of the class of 
'42, was next called upon, and spoke as 
follows : 

Mr. President, and Brethren of the Alumni, — It is 
a matter of extreme gratification that I am permitted 
to come here, as I suppose, to celebrate the silver 
wedding of the class of '42 ; but I am here, and find 
myself, in the language of the old song, "Like one 
who treads alone " not " some banquet hall deserted,'" 
for this is too lively a scene altogether, but treads 
alone where '42 ought to be, and instead of a silver 
wedding, I am like an old bachelor wandering about 
here, knowing hardly any one. But I have never 
accosted one of these bright young men on the 
campus but to be met with a smile and a cheerful 
word and full information of whatever 1 desired to 
ask, and to be surrounded with so much young life 
quickens the feelings of an old man like myself and 



makes me rejoice that while we are passing off, the 
college is still giving forth to the country and to the 
world so much of fresh knowledge and power every 

The class of '42 was a small class, the last which 
entered under the administration of President Allen. 
My class graduated 29, all of whom but 10 have 
passed away, and of some of those 10 nothing is 
known. The college is in a prosperous condition. 
I was delighted with the appearance of the young 
men on the stage this morning, both in the themes 
treated and the manner of their treatment, and the 
manly declamation of the class. In regard to the 
prosperity of the college, I must attribute it very 
largely to the marked precocity of your President, if 
I have been rightly informed. I read in the June 
Forum, with great interest, the presentation the 
President has made there of the religions condition 
of the country towns in Maine as affected by our 
extremely sectarian Christianity. I was delighted 
with the article, and turned over to the back part 
where a little account is given of the various writers. 
There I found his name and place of birth, and it 
said, " Born 1858 ; graduated at Harvard 1859 
[great laughter] ; at Andover 1861." [Laughter.] 
1 do not wonder that the college is prosperous. I 
only wonder that it has not sprung up a university 
at once. It reminds me of a story that they tell 
about Chautauqua, near which I live. A friend asked 
a gentleman what he thought of Chautauqua. =•" Oh, 
it is a great institution — big university, I tell you. 
My son Sam is ten years old, and he has been there 
four weeks, and has got an M.D. already. And 
here is little Tommy only six years old, and he has 
come out in four weeks with an LL.D." [Laughter.] 
Now, that, as you will see, is a result of that pre- 
cocious university, as they call it there. As I said 
before, I only wonder that a university has not 
sprung up at once from such great precocity as is 
recorded of our President, and you know figures 
won't lie. [Applause.] 

Lincoln J. Bodge, of the class of '89, was 
called upon and said: 

Mr. President, and Gentlemen of the Alumni,— It 
is with peculiar pleasure that I am permitted to 
represent one of the younger classes of good old 
Bowdoin. I think I can give you assurance that the 
later classes of Bowdoin College have fully sustained 
the standards that have been set by former classes. 
Only two or three weeks ago, in that great con- 
vention hall in Minneapolis, a name was heralded 
in that vast concourse, the name of a son of Bow- 
doin. It was the name of Thomas B. Reed. [Ap- 

plause.] He was so popular with the delegates 
there that his name was mentioned in connection 
with the Vice-Presidency of the United States. 
We are to be congratulated upon the financial con- 
dition of the college. [Mr. Bodge spoke highly of 
President Hyde's administration and thought that the 
puplication of various articles from his able pen in 
the leading magazines, was a good thing for the 
college. It gives the name of Bowdoin to the world. 
He spoke in praise of the graduating class, with 
whose members he has some acquaintance.] 

Professor Franklin C. Robinson was the 
next speaker who, as President Hyde said 
in his introductory remarks, "has served the 
college for twenty years." Professor Robin- 
son was obliged to wait • several moments 
before the spontaneous and hearty burst of 
applause subsided. And then Mr. Cobb of 
'77 was heard to cry: "He's a good man, 
boys. Give him another ! " and a further 
storm of applause followed. Professor Rob- 
inson said : 

Gentlemen,— I wish you had kept on a little 
longer, for I was only intending to occupy a very 
few minutes, and you would have helped me out by 
using up some of the time. I know very well what 
you are pleased at, and you certainly are no more 
pleased than I am that the outlook for the scientific 
department is as good as it is. This is an easy topic 
to speak upon, a topic that I have been wanting to 
speak upon for a good many years. [Applause.] 
The experience that I have been through during 
these last days has been one so unique in my history 
that it has almost deprived me of what little intel- 
lect that I ever had. I can hardly realize it now, this 
bequest. It seemed as though it were a huge joke, 
and the reality of it did not impress itself upon my 
miud at the time, but I am gradually coming into it 
now. I think I must have presented a curious 
spectacle as I piloted Mr. Searles around the grounds 
and showed him what we had, and, gently as I could, 
told him what we wanted. I did not know then that 
he was really committed to help us, but I was simply 
told to show him round and see that he was well 
attended to [laughter] and I tried to do it. I think 
I must have presented quite a spectacle as I followed 
him around, a little in the rear, because it seemed to 
me as though I must keep my eye on him, for fear 
he would get away. [Laughter.] Friends thought 
that it must be some classmate or intimate friend 
whom I was showing round so carefully to the 



neglect of everything else, but I assured them that 
it was really a man whom I never had seen before. 
I could not tell them then who he was. I felt, I have 
no doubt, a good deal as a colored man felt who was 
seen to rush violently into the water to rescue a 
drowning boy. After he had recovered him, a 
stranger upon the bank said, " A son of yours, I 
suppose?" "Oh, no." " A son of some relative?" 
"No; no relation of mine." " What on earth were 
you so excited about?" "Why, we were going 
fishing, and he has got all the bait in his breeches 
pocket." [Laughter.] But of course, gentlemen, 
apart from the feeling of pleasure and buoyancy 
which we all have, there is associated with this gift 
the feeling of great responsibility as to how we shall 
deal with it, how make it minister to the growth of 
this college which we all are so interested in. 

T know something more about the hard times that 
this college has seen, and which have been referred 
to to-day, than simply having heard of them here at 
Commencement dinner. I have been " in it," so to 
speak. I have seen the difficulty of getting things 
that were absolutely needed, and I have rejoiced 
more than I can tell you at our growing prosperity 
and increased resources. This scientific work, that 
is and ever has been associated with the college, we 
wish to see progress. Perhaps some of the older 
graduates wonder why it is that more facilities are 
needed in scientific instruction than used to be 
needed. The courses could be given years ago with 
very different facilities from what we seem to need 
now. But there is a great difference between the 
demand for scientific instruction now from what there 
used to be. Science used to be a sort of plaything 
as connected with an educational course. It was 
not so vitally connected with the course of instruc- 
tion as it is now. Those things have changed not 
only in college, but in the world. There is no 
department of learning which an alumnus of the col- 
lege enters but what is closely connected not simply 
with a theoretical science, but an actual science, and 
science must be handled ; it must be worked out in 
the laboratorj 7 ; and we have been wanting the oppor- 
tunity to give just that kind of instruction. As to 
what will be done with the building, and the courses, 
I shall not speak hear. I should rather wait and 
see what we can do. By the fruits we shall be 
judged. I recognize clearly that mere facilities 
and laboratories will not do the business. We must 
teach men not simply to handle things, but to think 
in relation to them. [Applause.] 

Rev. Edward A. Rand of the class of 

Mr. President, and Gentlemen of the Alumni, — I 

have the pleasure and the honor of representing the 
class of '57, the then largest class that had graduated, 
numbering 50. Coming back to-day it is very grat- 
ifying indeed to find that we are much younger men 
than we are taken to be when off the college grounds. 
At home, perhaps some of us may hear, " There goes 
an old man." But here we are only thirty-five years 
old. When I came to college, a Senior seemed to be 
a wonderful being. It was a case of the prairies 
looking up to the mountains. But when we came to 
be Seniors, the mountains came down to the prairies. 
Since our graduation, however, we feel that the 
prairies have been going up to the mountain tops. 
[The speaker referred in stirring language to some of 
Bowdoin's illustrious graduates: General Chamber- 
lain, identified with the victory at Appomattox; 
General Hubbard ; Rev. Egbert C. Smythe, identified 
with that brave and successful struggle for a larger 
outlook for New England theology.] I congratu- 
late you on the success of the exercises of this day, 
for you, I know, have pushed forward the boys and 
helped them to make the good record that they have 
this day. The exercises were marked by natural- 
ness of manner, ease of composition, and force of 
thought. Reference has been made to the young 
man going into politics. Let him go, even if it 
upsets the old town government. There is enthusi- 
asm in the young blood. I need not say, turn it in 
the right channels. It is to betaken for granted it is 
there — only keep it there. A drummer boy was 
brought to Napoleon, and the great general told him 
to drum this and that signal and finally ordered him 
to beat the signal for retreat. Not a drumstick was 
lifted. He did not know how to beat the signal for 
retreat. When you have once taken a good position 
never turn from it, never retreat. [Applause.] 

M. S. Holway, Esq., responded for the 
class of '82, referring to the cordial interest 
and sympathy of his class in the welfare of 
Bowdoin, and dwelling somewhat upon the 
relations of the younger to the older alumni. 

Rev. John T. McGrath was called upon 
to respond for '62. He indulged in 
reminiscences of members of the Facultj' in 
the past, and said that he rejoiced in the 
bequests of the last year. He added this 
word of admonition, however : 

Some institutions cannot stand prosperity. Bow- 
doin may do as well in her days of prosperity as 
she has done in her days of adversity, and I believe 
it will be so. Bowdoin College has always been 
characterized by a certain modesty, indicative, not of 



weakness, but of strength and power. I see and 
feel it to-day. God will be with us, and we may well 
believe that Bowdoin College will do her best work 
in the years that are to come. 

Hon. Stanley Plummer, postmaster of the 
United States Senate, responded for '67. 
His days of college life were spent during 
the stirring times of the Civil War. In 
reference to his class he said : 

We present no exceptionally brilliant and dis- 
tinguished career to shed lustre upon the college. 
But without exception their lives have been honorable 
and useful : useful in the affairs of municipalities 
and states ; useful in the administration of the law 
against crimes, and the distribution of estates; use- 
ful in the wise control and management of the trust 
funds of savings banks, and the capital and deposits 
of banks of discount ; useful in civil engineering, in 
building railroads, in enlightened farming, and 
especially useful in that noble profession to which 
more of the class have devoted themselves than to 
any other, the profession of teaching. No life has 
been a failure. 

In closing, Mr. Plummer said: 
That Bowdoin may go on in the future, as in the 
past, improving, progressing, broadening, and fully 
meeting the reasonable wants and requirements of the 
young men of Maine who are seeking a higher edu- 
cation, so that not one of them can have a decent 
excuse to go beyond the confines of the State for the 
purpose, is the earnest hope of the class of 'G7. 
[ Applause.] 

The President introduced Hon. Herbert 
M. Heath, of '72, as one who for twenty years 
has been identified with the practical politi- 
cal life of his State. Mr. Heath made a 
graceful speech, sajdng among other things : 
We believe in the brilliant President of this col- 
lege. [Applause.] We believe, too, in his new 
methods, and his new ideas, only asking him not to 
take away too many of the old landmarks and old 
customs, because reform is not necessarily destruc- 

Rev. E. M. Cousins, of '77, was the last 
speaker. In the course of his remarks he 
said : 

As we have watched the course of our Presi- 
dent, one thought has suggested itself to me, and 
that is, our President has a happy faculty of asking 

for things, and getting them. First was the need of 
a gymnasium. We see the results to-day. Next 
was the need of a larger endowment, and somehow 
that immense endowment has come to us from the 
Pacific coast. Then it was an art building where 
our collections might be suitably displayed, and it is 
now in process of erection. The next thought, put 
before us only last week in the President's report, 
was for a scientific building, and almost while he 
was speaking the answer came, and we rejoice in the 
funds for it to-day. 

The speaker then adverted to the needs 
of our preparatory schools, and of the college 
library, paying a well-deserved tribute to the 
work of Prof. Little in the latter department, 
the allusion calling forth a hearty round of 

I would give a word of advice in closing, and that 
is, that our President is to keep on asking, and ask 
for large things still for our beloved Alma Mater. 

Late in the afternoon the alumni left the 
Gymnasium, to meet again in Memorial 
Hall, that evening, at President Hyde's 
reception. This reception was an enjoyable 
affair, at least as much so as was possible in 
this time of leave takings. 

Lines for the Twenty-fifth Anniver- 
By Henry Sewall AYebster. 
If I could read my title clear 

To poet's name and fame and art, 
Could captivate the critic's ear, 
Or, better, win a people's heart, 

What glad melodic strains Pd raise 
To speed the happy hours along, 

And give to each his meed of praise, 
And unto all a feast of song. 

But o'er my cradle bent no Muse 

My plastic spirit to inspire, 
Or in my nascent powers infuse 

A spark of her celestial fire. 

So though my oyster-fancy ope, 

I find therein no rhythmic pearl ; 

I can not vie with placid Pope, 

Or Swinburne's swift and sweepy swirl, 



And Byron's rage and Bryant's calm, 
And Arnold's fair and flawless gem, 

And Herbert's music sweet as balm — 
I rise not to the heights of them, 

Or him who soars above the reach 

Of common mortals, vague and dim, 

The mystagogue of shadowy speech, 
Prince-Regent of the Nephelim. 

A humble constant toiler I 

Amid the marts of busy men, 
Content if through my care-wrapped sky 

Some sunlight filter now and then. 

But who so poor he not enjoys 

Some boons from Fortune's lavish store, 
Who to maintain an equipoise 

Oft gives where she withheld before. 

For she not all her gifts imparts 

To titled heads and jeweled hands ; 

Some blessings fell to lowly hearts, 
And desert soil has golden sands. 

'Tis thus, denied the poet's thought, 

Some prosy truths I chance to know, — 

That wealth and fame and power are nought 
Beside the warmth of friendship's glow ; 

That prouder far than those who wear 

The conqueror's crown, the poet's bays, 

Are they who with old comrades share 
The memories of departed days ; 

That more in worth than coin untold, 

Sweeter than draughts of costliest wine, 

Is the true chink of friendship's gold, 
The fruitage of love's nectar-vine. 

From type to type the figure runs, 

Yet leaves how much still unexpressed ; 

As candle's light portrays the sun's, 

So words, the thoughts that thrill the breast. 

Yet, brothers, for my offering take 
This shadow of affection's worth, 

And from your heart's glad fullness make 
A fitting affluence of its dearth. 

And this, our mother, whom this day 
We hallow with these memories dear, 

Shall we depart before we say 
How much we honor and revere ? 

Of all the varied scenes which yet 
Our travel or our toil confines, 

What brightness like her coronet. 

What music like her murmuring pines 

Her signet may we ever wear 

And ever bow before her throne, 
While our true hearts allegiance bear 
To learning's sovereign and our own. 
Portland, June 22, 1892. 

The Walker Art Collection. — Laying- 
of the corner-stone. 

The corner-stone of the Walker Art 
Building was laid Monday, June 27th. The 
ceremony took place on the college campus 
at 4 o'clock. Prayer was offered by Pro- 
fessor Chapman, the corner-stone was put 
in place by Miss Walker, and President 
Hyde and Professor Lawton made brief 

In the box placed in the corner-stone 
the Misses Walker enclosed copies of letters 
with reference to the Sophia Walker Gallery 
and the Walker Art Building, a photograph 
of Peabody Square, Salem, Mass., in 1828, 
and a silver plate, bearing the appropriate 
inscription: "The Walker Art Building, 
designed by Messrs. McKim, Meade, and 
White, the corner-stone of which was laid 
June 27, 1892, was erected and presented 
to Bowdoin College by Mary Sophia and 
Harriet Sarah Walker in memory of their 
uncle, Theophilus Wheeler Walker, of 
Waltham, Mass." Along with these the 
college placed a copy of the Boston Adver- 
tiser of June 27, 1892, a copy of the Leiviston 
Journal of June 23, 1892, the college cata- 
logue, the '93 Bugle, the president's report, 
the Commencement programme, addresses at 
the inauguration of President Hyde, the 
Bowdoin Orient, "The Bowdoin Collec- 
tion of Paintings and Drawings," a catalogue 
of the drawings, and a catalogue of the 



Carleton L. Brownson, 
Yale, '87, pleasantly re- 
membered at Bowdoin as tutor in 
Greek during the winter term, 1889, 
has just been chosen a tutor in Greek 
and Latin at Yale. 

The classes of '62, '63, '67, and '82 had reunions 
last week. 

Perkins, '80, has not missed a Commencement 
since his graduation. 

The class of '89 had a reunion banquet in Sar- 
gent Gymnasium, Wednesday evening. 

The alumni receptions at the various fraternity 
halls Wednesday evening were well attended and 
greatly enjoyed. 

Numerous expressions of regret that the "eight" 
had been given up were heard from the alumni Com- 
mencement w-eek. 

Baxter, '94, will spend the summer in the Indian 
Territory, where he has accepted a position on the 
Ethnological staff of the World's Fair. 

Prof. Wells missed the stories of Commencement, 
but on his return from Rangeley will probably have 
some even larger ones to inflict on his friends. 

The failure of the Tontine Hotel proprietor made 
it very difficult and troublesome to find board last 
week. It proved a bonanza for the restaurants, how- 

The Smyth Mathematical Prize was awarded to 
Simpson, '94, Libby receiving honorable mention. 
The Latin Prize was also awarded to Simpson and 
the Greek to Farrington, '94. 

The electives for next year have been changed in 
one respect, Junior Rhetoric for spring term having 
been made an elective, and American History sub- 
stituted for it among required studies. 

About fifty men have passed the entrance exami- 
nations this spring and '96 bids fair to enter about 
the same number of men as '95. An unusually large 
proportion of tlie applicants passed without condi- 

There was the usual rush for seats at the Com- 
mencement dinner among undergraduates this year, 
and many an ingenious plea for admission was in- 
vented for the occasion. Only a few of the patient 
waiters were rewarded. 

'92 were fortunate in having pleasant weather for 
their class-day exercises. Three evenings out of 
the four there was rain, but '92's lucky star did not 
desert them, and the one pleasant evening was that 
of the "Dance on the Green." 

The resignation of Prof. Lawton from the Latin 
chair was officially announced last week. During 
his short stay with us he showed that he was an 
earnest worker and able scholar. He will be missed 
in many ways. His successor comes highly recom- 
mended and will be heartily welcomed next fall. 

An account of the Intercollegiate Tennis Tourna- 
ment at Portland is given in another column. The 
championship cup in doubles, won by Pierce and 
Pickard, and the second prize cup in singles, won by 
Dana, are in the engraver's hands and will be placed 
in the library before college opens in the fall. 

The timely announcement that Mr. Searles, of 
New York had made the college an offer of a $60,000 
scientific building gave an added enthusiasm to the 
exercises of Commencement week and made a fitting 
close to a year memorable in the history of the 
college for its munificent benefactions. 

The occupants of Maine Hall are hunting for stor- 
age room for their goods, since they have to remove 
everything from their rooms on account of the com- 
ing renovation of that Hall. They will probably 
room outside during the first three weeks of next 
term, as the summer vacation is rather short for the 
extensive repairs and improvements which will be 

The base-ball season of 1892 showed more con- 
clusively than ever how much the college needs a 
good "yell." With two months of leisure before us 
there is no reason why a dozen different yells 
should not be ready to select from when college 
opens in the fall. Next fall we are going to have 
the best fool-ball team that ever represented old 
Bowdoin, and those of us who cannot play want to 
be able to cheer on the boys in good shape, at least. 
Think of it, every one! 


Bowdoin, 13; Bates, 8. 
At Brunswick, on Saturday, June 11th, Bowdoin 
met Bates for the fourth time and was victorious. 
The game was the most spirited one of the season 
and exhibited good playing by both teams. The 
features of the game were the batting by Downes, 
Allen's throws to bases, and Fairbanks' unassisted 
double play. 



If the protest for the game of June 4th is decided 
against Bowdoin, Bates will get the pennant. Yet, 
whatever the decision, Bowdoin can have the satis- 
faction of knowing that she has had a good team in 
the field this year, that it has been well managed, 
and that, but for the accidents attending the players 
at the beginning of the season, she would certainly 
have come out at the head of the League. The score : 


A.E. K. E. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Allen, c. 6 1 1 1 2 3 2 

Savage, lb 4 3 1 1 8 1 

Fairbanks, 3b. 4433542 

Downes, r.f., 4 2 3 4 1 

Hutchinson, s.s., 5 22 2 5 2 1 

Hinkley, l.f., 5 1 2 2 

Sykes, 2b 5 2 2 3 3 1 

Chapman, o.f., 3 1 1 

Farrington, p., 5 2 

. . 41 13 

13 15 27 14 




Hoffman, 2b., 3 10036 1 

Wilson, 3b., p., 5 1 1 1 4 1 

Putnam, l.f., lb., 5125511 

Pennell, lb., 4 2 3 6 7 

Pulsifer, s.s., 4 1 3 5 5 3 3 

Wakefield, c.f., 2b., .... 4 2 

Bracket!, r.f., 5 1 1 1 2 

Emery, c 4 1 2 2 2 2 1 

Mildram, p., c.f 4 1 0.0 1 

Little, c.f., 1 


39 8 12 20 24 17 10 

Innings, 12 3 456789 

Bowdoius, 34030030 0—13 

Bates, 000132110—8 

Earned runs— Bowdoins, 4. Two-base hits — Downes, 
Hinkley, Pennell (3). Three-base bit— Pulsifer. Home 
run — Putnam. Sacrifice hits — Farrington, Hoffman, Put- 
nam. Stolen bases — Savage, Fairbanks (3), Hutchinson, 
Hinkley, Chapman, Pennell, Pulsifer, Emery (3). First 
base on balls — Savage (2), Fairbanks (2), Chapman, Hoff- 
man (2), Pulsifer, Wakefield, Emery. First base on 
errors — Bowdoins, 5; Bates, 2. Left on bases — Bowdoins, 
10; Bates, 7. Struck out— Hinkley, Downes, Pennell, 
Wakefield. Double play— Fairbanks. Wild pitches— 
Mildram, 1; Farrington, 1; Hit by pitched ball— Downes, 
Chapman. Time — 2 hours 15 minutes. Umpire— Kelly 
of Lewiston. 


The first tournament of the Intercollegiate Tennis 
Association, formed last winter, was held in Portland, 
on the grounds of the Portland Tennis Club, June 
7th, 8th, 9th, and 10th. The colleges were repre- 
sented as follows: Bates — Singles, Howard, '92, 
Sturges, '93. Doubles, Howard and Sturges, Petti- 

grew, '95, and Pulsifer, '95. Bowdoin — Singles, 
Dana, '94, Payson, '93. Doubles, Dana and Payson, 
Pierce, '93, and Pickard, 94. Colby — Singles, Per- 
kins, '93, Connors, '93. Doubles, Perkins and Fall, 
'92, Connors and Andrews, '92. Maine State Col- 
lege—Singles, Randlette, '92, Clark, '92. Doubles, 
Randlette and Gibbs, '92, Fernald, '92, and Holden, 
'92. The drawings in singles were : Dana vs. Clark, 
Randlette vs. Connors, Payson vs. Howard, Sturges 
vs. Perkins. Dana defeated Clark easily and Con- 
nors was outclassed by his opponent. Sturges and 
Perkins were more evenly matched, but the Colby 
man won. The only good tennis of the round 
was seen in the match between Payson and 
Howard. Howard took the first set 6-1, but in the 
second set Payson played in much better form and 
won the set, the only one which Howard lost in sin- 
gles during the tournament. The third set went to 

The semi-final matches were played Wednesday 
morning, between Dana and Perkins, and Howard 
and Randlette. Dana again proved too fast for his 
opponent and won, although his play was not as 
steady as usual. Randlette made a plucky fight 
against his man, but could not take a set. The finals 
between Dana and Howard showed by far the best 
tennis of the week's play. Both men were in good 
form, but there was a noticeable difference in their 
styles of play. Howard employed a peculiar body- 
stroke which he used with great accuracy and effect. 
Dana did not use as much pace in his game, but 
depended more on placing from the net. Howard 
won the match and championship in three straight 
sets, but throughout the match the play was much 
evener than the result would indicate. Howard's 
placing on the side lines was remarkably fine, but at 
the net Dana outplayed him. As a whole the match 
was one of the best ever played in the State. Score, 
C-4, 6-4, 6-3. 

The doubles opened Thursday morning, as fol- 
lows : Dana and Payson vs. Perkins and Fall ; How- 
ard and Sturges vs. Fernald and Holden; Pierce and 
Pickard vs. Pettigrew and Pulsifer; Andrews and 
Connors vs. Randlette and Gibbs. 

The matches in doubles were as a whole marked 
by more even playing than the singles. Perkins and 
Fall made a good fight against Payson and Dana, 
but were finally beaten. Howard and Sturges de- 
feated their Maine State College opponents rather 
easily, and Pierce and Pickard had but little difficulty 
in winning from Pettigrew and Pulsifer. The match 
between Andrews and Connors, and Randlette and 
Gibbs, was the most interesting of the series, and 
three sets were required to decide it. The M. S. C. 



men finally pulled out winners. The semi-final 
matches proved close and exciting. 

The first was the match between Randlette and 
Gibbs, and Pierce and Pickard, which as far as score 
was concerned was the closest of the tournament. 
The Bowdoin team took the first set easily, but lost 
the second. The decisive set was long and close 
and every point was closely contested. Pierce and 
Pickard at last succeeded in capturing the deci- 
sive game and the set, 9-7. The other semi-final 
match, that between Dana and Payson, and Howard 
and Sturges, furnished the great surprise of the tour- 
nament as the Bowdoin team were looked upon as 
almost sure winners. Howard and Sturges started 
in with a rush and by hard driving and sharp work 
at the net won the first set. Dana and Payson showed 
much better form in the second set and won handily. 
In the third set the Bates men secured a lead of 
three games, but Dana and Payson by a fine rally 
tied the score only to lose the two succeeding games 
and match. Throughout the match Howard and his 
partner played a strong steady game, while their 
opponents did not play up to their usual form. Brill- 
iant plays abounded, but the Bowdoin boys could 
not put speed enough in their strokes to win. 

The finals between Pierce and Pickard, and How- 
ard and Sturges, were played Friday afternoon. The 
Bowdoin men started in by playing a careful, steady 
game, and by good headwork took the first set, 6-4, 
without much difficulty. The second set, although 
won by Bowdoin by a larger score, was harder fought 
and in every way an improvement over the first set. 
In the third set the Bates pair were apparently dis- 
couraged and lost, 6-3. 

Throughout the tournament there was a good 
attendance, and every good stroke was greeted with 
liberal applause. The Portland Club generously 
placed their grounds at the disposal of the associa- 
tion, free from all expense. The tournament was 
under the management of Payson, '93, President of 
the association, to whom much of the credit of its 
success is due. 

Taken as a whole the tournament was a great 
success, not merely from the fact that Bowdoin won 
one championship, and took second place in the 
other, but chiefly from the smoothness with which it 
passed off, the good feeling displayed by the contest- 
ants, and the amount of interest and enthusiasm 
awakened in those colleges which hitherto have paid 
comparatively little attention to the game. 

As has been already noted in these columns, the 
association purchased two cups to be competed for 
annually until won by the same college three years. 
A generous Boston graduate of Maine State College 

presented another cup fur the second prize in singles, 
to be awarded on the same terms as the others. It 
is hoped that his example will be followed by others. 

'44. — The Bowdoin class of 
1844 had their annual din- 
ner, Friday, at the Falmouth Hotel. 
There were present: General S. J. 
Anderson, Portland ; Winthrop Tappan, 
Washington, D. C, ; H. G. Herrick, Law- 
rence; Dr. George M.Adams, Boston; Dr. Joseph 
Garland, Gloucester. The class originally numbered 
forty-nine. There are sixteen now living, three 
having died the past year. 

'56. — At a recent meeting of the Maine Medical 
Association in Portland, Dr. Alfred Mitchell, of 
Brunswick, was unanimously elected President for 
the ensuing year. 

'58.— Brig.-Gen. J. P. Cilley, of Rockland, Me., 
keeps alive the interest of the veterans of the famous 
1st Maine Cavalry by the quarterly issue of the 
Bugle, containing matters of historic value to the 
regiment and items of personal interest to all of its 

'62. — The 30th anniversary of this class was cel- 
ebrated at the Falmouth, in Portland, Wednesday 
evening, June 22d. Of the forty who graduated 
thirty-four survive. Those present Wednesday, were : 
William E. Donnell, New York ; Frank A. Hill, Cam- 
bridge, Mass. ; Rev. Henry O.Thayer, Limington ; 
General Isaac W. Starbird, M.D., Boston; Henry H. 
Hunt, M.D., Portland; Rev. John E. Pierce, Mon- 
mouth ; Manasseh Smith, Deering; Rev. Charles H. 
Pope, Kennebunkport ; Marcus Wight, Lowell; 
Gen. Charles P. Mattocks, Portland. 

'67. — This class held a reunion at the Falmouth 
Hotel, Portland, Wednesday evening, thus cele- 
brating its 25th anniversary. There were seven 
members of the class present, as follows : I. S. 
Curtis, Brunswick ; George P. Davenport, Bath ; 
Winfield S. Hutchinson, Boston ; J. W. Macdonald, 
Stoneham, Mass. ; Stanley Plummer, Washington, 
D. C. ; George T. Sewall, Oldtown; Henry S. Web- 
ster, Gardiner. The class graduated twenty-four, of 
whom seventeen survive. Hon. Henry S. Webster 



read a poeru before the class. This will be found in 
another column. 

'72. — Fourteen members of this class met at the 
Falmouth Hotel, Portland, Wednesday evening, to 
celebrate its 20th anniversary. Hon. George M. 
Seiders was elected president, Dr. Cummings, 
re-elected secretary, and Dr. Mitchell was elected 
toast-master. The following were present : A. V. 
Ackley, Peaks Island; Rev. W. F. Bickford, Isling- 
ton, Mass. ; Hon. Marcellus Coggan, Maiden, Mass. ; 
G. H. Cummings, M.D., Portland; S. L. Gross, 
Esq., New York City; H. Harris, Machias ; Hon. H. 
M. Heath, Augusta; Weston Lewis, Esq., Gardiner; 
F. A. Mitchell, M.D., Bridgton ; Rev. I. Richards, 
Deer Isle; Hon. George M. Seiders, Portland; F. 
W. Spaulding, M.D., Epping, N. H. ; Rev. C. C. 
Sampson, Tilton, N. H. ; George M. Whitaker, 

'87. — Mr. Francis Loring Talbot was married to 
Miss Mary Edna Pettegrew at East Machias on June 

'87. — Oliver D. Sewall graduated from Andover 
Theological Seminary, June 16th, and was one of the 
speakers, his subject being "The Ethical in Re- 
ligion." He will engage in missionary work in 

'88. — Harry C. Hill has accepted a very fine 
position in the publishing house of Ginn & Company, 
ISJew York. 

'88. — Dennis M. Cole has resigned his position 
as instructor at Farmington Normal School, to accept 
the professorship in the Scientific Department at the 
Westfield (Mass.) High School. 

'89. — The class of '89 held their triennial reunion 
in the Sargent Gymnasium, Wednesday evening. 
Of the original class of forty, twenty-two members 
were present, thus making a very creditable show- 
ing. The following were present: E. L. Adams, 
Lewiston ; L.J. Bodge, Minneapolis; B. C. Carroll, 
Lewiston ; J. R. Clark, New Portland; \V. S. Elden, 
Waterville; W. M. Emery, New Bedford, Mass. ; C. 
H. Fogg, Houlton; S. L. Fogg, South Paris; F. J. 
Libby, Boston ; F. J. C. Little, Augusta; A. E. Neal, 
Portland; D. E. Owen, Saco ; J. N. Phelan, New 
York City; L. Prentiss, Newark, N. J. ; O. L. Ride- 
out, Portland ; W. P. F. Robie, Gorham ; G. L. 
Rogers, Farmington; F. C. Russell, Rockland; O. 
R. Smith, Middleboro, Mass. ; F. L. Staples, Bath ; 
E. R. Stearns, New Vineyard ; O. P. Watts, Thomas- 
ton. Mr. G. L. Rogers, the president, acted as toast- 
master, and the programme of the evening was very 
pleasing to all present. Letters of regret were read 
from absent members. The class cup was awarded 
to Ralph Jordan Hill, infant son of F. H. Hill, of 

Cape Elizabeth. Committees were appointed to 
send resolutions of condolence to Prof. Chapman 
with regard to his recent bereavement, and congrat- 
ulations to H. C. Jackson, of Exeter, N. H., on his 
marriage, which occurred Thursday. The class 
voted to meet again in 1891, at its fifth anniversary. 

Class of '89. 
Triennial address report of class secretary: 

E. L. Adams, agent Provident Life and Trust Co., 

L. J. Bodge, lawyer, Minneapolis. 

B. C. Carroll, studying law, Lewiston. 

J. R. Clark, in business. Home address, New 

T. S. Crocker, lawyer. Home address, Paris, 
Me. Is married. 

J. L. Doherty, lawyer, Oldtown. 

W. S. Elden, student Johns Hopkins University, 

W. M. Emery, city editor Evening Journal, New 
Bedford, Mass. 

G. T. Files, tutor Bowdoin College. Studying at 
Leipzig, Germany. 

C. H. Fogg, in hardware business, Houlton. 
S. L. Fogg, studying law, South Paris. 

F. VV. Freeman, principal high school, Alfred. 
Is married. 

W. D. Gilpatric, teacher, Kennebunkport. 
C. H. Harriman, teacher. Home address, Frye- 

G. W. Hayes, deputy county clerk, probate de- 
partment, San Jose, Cal. 

C. F. Hersey, graduated from Andover Theologi- 
cal Seminary, June 16th, and will preach at Burling- 
ton, Mass., at present. 

F. H. Hill, studying law, Cape Elizabeth. Is 
married and father of class baby. 

F. J. Libby, teacher. Present residence, Boston. 

F. J. C. Little, lawyer, Augusta. 

F. Lynam, medical student, Harvard University, 
member of 'Varsity crew. 

E. A. Merrill, electrician with Edison Co., head- 
quarters at Chicago. Has been studying at Cornell 
the past winter. 

C. L. Mitchell, teacher. Home address, Free- 

A. E. Neal, lawyer, Portland. 

D. E. Owen, sub-master, Thornton Academy, 

J. M. Phelan, actuarial department, Mutual Life 
Insurance Co., New York City. 

L. Prentiss, physical director, Newark Academy, 
Newark, N. J. Is married, 



M. A. Rice, lawyer, Rockland. Traveling in 

O. L. Rideout, member of firm of Chase & Co., 
mechanical and hydraulical engineers, Portland. 

W. P. F. Robie, farmer, Gorham. Is married. 

G. L. Rogers, lawyer, Farmington, Maine. 

F. C. Russell, superintendent of schools, Rock- 
land. Is married. 

F. M. Russell, bank teller, Boston. 

E. B. Smith, Deputy U. S. Marshal, Portland. 

O. R. Smith, genls 1 furnishing business, Middle- 
boro, Mass. Is married. 

S. G. Stacy, student Johns Hopkins University, 

F. L. Staples, lawyer, Bath. 

E. R. Stearns, graduated from Andover Theolog- 
ical Seminary, June 16th, and will engage in mis- 
sionary work at New Vineyard, Maine. 

G. Thwing, lawyer, Minneapolis. 

O. P. Watts, teacher, Thomaston, Me. 
V. O. White, medical student, Harvard Univer- 
sity. Graduated the past week. 

Ex-Members of '89. 

F. W. Adams, banker, Bangor. Is married. 

H. C. Jackson, graduated at Bowdoin, '91, 
instructor in physiology and gymnastics, Phillips 
Exeter Academy. Will conduct a summer school 
there. Was married to Miss Ellen Mower Bates, of 
Oakland, June 23d. 

E. V. Manson, agent, Somerset Railway, Madi- 
son, Me. 

A. W. Preston, graduated at Amherst, '89. Has 
been teaching at Sharon, Conn., but will teach next 
year at the Polytechnic Institute, Brooklyn. 

E. N. Shirley, graduated at Dartmouth, '90. 

F. A. Wilson, graduated at Williams, '89. 

'92 Special. — The engagement of Mr. Paul I. 
Andrews to Miss Susie Thompson, of Kennebunk, is 

Alpha Delta Phi Hall, Brunswick, June 3d. 

Whereas, God in His infinite wisdom has seen fit 
to take from us our beloved brother, John M. W. 
Moody, class of 1890, be it hereby 

Besolvecl, That we, the Bowdoin Chapter of Alpha 
Delta Phi, express our deep sympathy to his bereaved 
family in their great affliction, and be it further 

Besolvecl, That we, in appreciation of his noble 

character and loyal devotion to the Fraternity, send 
copies of these resolutions to the chapters of the 
Fraternity and that they be inserted in the Orient. 
J. D. Merriman, 

For the Bowdoin Chapter. 

OUR / 0f Your Societ y Bac| g e wi|1 be 

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Vol. XXII. 

No. 6. 





C. "W. Peaeody, '93, Managing Editor. 

H. C. Fabyan, '93, Assistant Managing Editor. 

R. R. Goodell, '93, Business Manager. 

W. P. Chamberlain, '93. H. E. Andrews, '94. 

M. S. Clifford, '93. F. J. Libby, '94. 

F. M. Shaw, '93. F. W. Pickard, '94. 

B. L. Bryant, '95. 

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Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
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Remittances should be made to the Business Manager. Com- 
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the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
lie wishes to have appended. 

Contributions lor Rhyme and Reason Department should be 
sent to Box 1100, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should be sent to Box 007, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post-Officeat Brunswick as Sro 1-Cl:iss Mail Matter. 

Vol. XXII., No. 6.— September 28, 1892. 

Editorial Notes, 105 

A Visitor from Century Hence, 108 

Rhyme and Reason: 

Regrets, 110 

Resignation 110 

John G. Whittier Ill 

Collegii Tabula Ill 

Athletics, 113 

Y. M. C A 115 

Personal, 116 

College World, 117 

■f 7 &^* 

The opening of the fall term finds 
Bowdoin suddenly launched into a new era 
of prosperity. During the summer the 
work has been pushed on the two new 
buildings. The massive beauty of the 
Walker Art Building is already apparent 
under the hands of the skillful builders, and 
the thoroughness of the work from founda- 
tion to dome is the admiration of every one. 
It is without doubt the finest building in 
the State. The renovation of Maine Hall is 
making it to all purposes a new building. 
Nothing but the outside walls remain to 
indicate that it existed previous to the year 
1892. The recitation rooms, reading-room, 
and the Orient office have been removed, 
thus making seven additional rooms for stu- 
dents. The hall has been piped for steam in 
all the rooms, water has been brought into the 
building, and sinks and closets placed on every 
floor, and a perfect system of sewage insti- 
tuted. The hall is wired throughout for elec- 
tricity. Add hard wood finish, large, square 
windows, and spacious bed-rooms, and nothing 
is wanting to make Maine Hall equal to the 
best college dormitory in the country. The 
other dormitories will be renovated in the same 
manner, one each summer. During the 
summer vacation the science Professors have 
visited all of the eastern colleges and made 
careful examinations of the various scientific 



buildings preparatory to "beating them," as 
Mr. Searles has ordered. The plans for the 
new Searles Scientific Building are now 
being drawn by Henry Vaughan, of Boston, 
in accordance with the suggestions of these 
Professors. The intention is, if possible, to 
beo-in this fall on the foundations and go to 
work " for business next spring, in order 
that the building may be ready for '94 some 
time during their Senior year. The build- 
ing will be situated on the opposite side of 
the center path from the Walker Building. 
It will be three stories in height, and will 
probably consist of a main building and two 
wings. One-half of the first and second 
floors will be occupied by the department of 
Chemistry and the other half by the depart- 
ment of Physics, while Professor Lee will 
preside over the entire third floor. These 
spacious quarters will afford ample room for 
laboratories, lecture rooms, museums, store- 
houses, a greenhouse, and in fact everything 
which could be needed in the most thorough 
courses in Chemistry, Physics, and Biology. 
The building will be of brick, fire-proof, and 
expense will not be spared to make it the 
best building of its kind in the country. 

UTHE new impulse of the college has been 
A followed even thus early by increased 
classes. The Freshmen enter with one of the 
largest classes in the history of the college and 
each of the other classes have received addi- 
tions this term. In the Junior class especially 
there is a large addition. Five or six gradu- 
ates of the Bangor Theological Seminary 
enter this class as regular students. The 
Orient voices the sentiment of the college 
in extending a hearty welcome to these new 
comers, of whatever class, joined with the 
hope that they will immediately identify 
themselves with all the interests of the col- 
lege and let our people be their people, and 
our college their college. 

FOR the benefit of those who were not 
here last spring we re-print the offer 
which appeared in the first number of the 
present volume: 

In order to stimulate an interest in writ- 
ing, the Orient offers the following prizes: 
For the best story published in this 
volume of the Orient, Five Dollars. 

For the second best story, Three Dollars. 
For the greatest number of poems pub- 
lished, Five Dollars. 

For the best short poem published, Two 

These prizes are open to all students of 
Bowdoin College except the present Orient 

The editors reserve the right to decline 
any contribution which they deem unsuitable 
for publication. They cannot insure the 
publication of any story more than 1,500 
words long nor of any poem of more than 
50 lines. 

The name of the author of every contri- 
bution must be known by the editor, but 
will not be printed with the article. 

The judges will see the competitive 
articles only in print and will not know their 

ACCORDING to custom, this number of 
/A the Orient will be sent to every man 
who enters Bowdoin this fall. The paper 
will continue to be sent unless otherwise 
ordered. We hope that this arrangement 
will be satisfactory. It is taken for granted 
that every man will do his share toward sup- 
porting the college institutions. Foot-ball 
and base-ball, and the other enterprises which 
the students of the college from time to time 
undertake, each come in for their part of the 
general support, without which they cannot 
exist. Of all these none is more worthy of 
your aid than the college paper ; none gives 
greater returns for the money invested in 
it; none is of so universal interest both to 



student and to alumnus. We ask not only 
that the Orient be supported financially by 
every man in college, but that every man do 
what he can toward making it the mirror of 
the sentiments of the student-body, and the 
true representative of the literary ability of 
the college. Just as the foot-ball team can 
attain to its highest perfection only when 
every man who can play foot-ball is willing 
to do what he can, so the Orient is depend- 
ent on the united energies of all those whose 
tastes and ability lie in the direction of liter- 
ary work. Let every man who can write, 
of whatever class he may be, take hold and 
help to make the Orient readable and inter- 
esting. If any one has an opinion to ex- 
press in regard to college matters, any criti- 
cism of methods, or suggestion of improve- 
ment, the Orient is the best medium 
through which to make it known. We hope 
that many will avail themselves of this op- 
portunity and give the students the benefit 
of their ideas. 

TJ LITTLE book known as the "Students' 
I *■ Hand-Book" has been published by the 
Bowdoin Y. M. C. A. It contains, in addi- 
tion to some good advice to the Freshmen, 
a general directory, encyclopedia, and history 
of the college. It will be found a very val- 
uable book of reference, especially to those 
entering Bowdoin this fall. It is free to all. 

T1FHE business manager of the '93 Bugle 
-*• claims to have a few copies of that 
masterpiece of bookmaking still in his pos- 
session. It is true that a copy of this work 
will be found under the corner-stone of the 
Art Building, but we strongly advise all 
lovers of wisdom, especial^ the members of 
the Freshman class not to wait until that 
copy is made accessible to the public, but to 
secure one for themselves at the earliest 
opportunity, and drink deep from the fount- 

ain of knowledge. Machan & Bagley sell 
them at $1.00 a copy. 

DLTRING the summer two changes have 
occurred on the Faculty. Prof. W. A. 
Houghton has accepted the Winkley Profes- 
sorship of Latin to fill the vacancy left by 
the resignation of Prof. Lawton. Prof. 
Houghton is a graduate of Yale in '73. He 
has been a tutor of Latin at Olivet College 
and at Yale. He has occupied the chair of 
the English language and literature at the 
Imperial University of Tokio, Japan, and 
later the same chair at the University of 
New York. He has also conducted the Latin 
instruction of the latter university for 
several years during the disability of the 
Latin Professor. He received his Latin 
preparation at Berlin, Germany. 

The other change in the Faculty is the 
temporary filling of the German chair by 
Prof. Farnsworth, in place of Mr. Wheeler, 
who was here last year. Prof. Farnsworth, 
it is presumed, will remain until Mr. Files 
returns from Europe to fill the German chair 
permanently. We are glad to observe that 
both Prof. Houghton and Prof. Farnsworth 
enjoy the full confidence of their classes, 
and have made themselves popular with the 
students by their straightforward and hon- 
orable dealings with them. We wish them 
the best of success. 

TITHE Arctic explorer,Lieut. Robert E.Peary, 
A U. S. N., has returned safely from his 
long sojourn in northern Greenland. Lieut. 
Peary was a graduate of this college in the 
class of 1877. In our next issue we shall 
give to our readers an account of the work 
which this son of Bowdoin accomplished in 
the region of eternal snow. 

Charles E. Courtney has been engaged to coach 
the Cornell crew from September, 1892, to July, 1893. 



A Visitor from Century Hence. 

TTFHE evening was fast slipping away. 
A Weary with hard study, I had pushed 
my books back on the desk and had begun 
in a dreamy, listless fashion, to look over the 
news in the Daily Fabricator, which my 
room-mate had placed near me when he had 
left the room an hour before. All was quiet 
throughout the building. I was seated com- 
fortably in an easy chair drawn up before 
the open fire, when I heard a light knock at 
the door. 

" Come in ! " I called out. Then, seeming 
to forget that a visitor had come, I remained 
sitting without even turning around, and 
allowed my thoughts to run on as before the 
interruption. In a moment, however, I 
became aware that some one was looking 
over my shoulder at the paper in my hands. 
Then a low chuckle aroused me, and I 
glanced up to see a hand pointing past me 
to the columns of the Fabricator. I turned 
quickly to see who the possessor of the hand 
might be. What met my eyes was a droll 
combination of youth and age, done up in a 
well-shaped bundle to be sure, but with each 
element showing its outlines through the 

Yet, though the age and intellectual ca- 
pacity of the person near me were doubtful, 
his physical being was most admirable. 
Every limb and muscle seemed of perfect 
proportion and development. One swift 
glance was enough to see that Nature had 
bestowed upon at least one individual a per- 
fect figure, unless, indeed, a cynical tendency 
in the observer led him to attribute the per- 
fection to the tailor's art instead. The face, 
however, with which the tailor certainly had 
nothing to do, was far less tolerant of a hasty 

Starting up, I greeted my visitor as well 
as I could in my surprise. Though my 
tongue could frame no question, my eyes 

must have been full of inquhy, for his first 
words were : 

"No, we have never met before. In 
fact, very few of my countrymen ever 
visit your people." 

"You are from abroad, then?" I managed 
to say. 

"Oh, I am not exactly a foreigner," he 
answered, "only I do not belong to your 
time. I am from Century Hence, and when 
away from my own time, I am called by that 

Then he picked up the newspaper which 
had fallen to the floor and looked at it 

"I knew what that was, the moment I 
saw it," he remarked gravely. 

" Do you not have newspapers when at 
home?" I asked. 

"O, yes, but not of this kind. I have 
never seen but one like this and I keep that 
in my office as a relic of past ages." 

" Perhaps you are an editor yourself," I 

He began to laugh much like a boy 
caught in some roguish act, then thrust his 
hands into his pockets, and, whistling softly, 
walked away across the room. When he 
returned, he wore the sedate, dignified air of 
a man of great responsibilities. 

"Yes, I am what you would call an edi- 
tor," he said. " My paper, however, is not at 
all like the one you have here. Let us see : 
this sheet has eight pages or fifty-six col- 
ums. Over half of this space is filled with 
advertisements; next, in the space they fill, 
are the paragraphs of political advice or 
criticism, of scandal and crime, and of sport, 
all placed under prominent head-lines. The 
remaining columns are taken up by encyclo- 
pedia and other scissored knowledge, stray 
items and puffs for people around town, 
accidents, and brief notes of biography, his- 
tory, or science. Well, that is not bad after 
all. Those editors must have shown won- 



derful enterprise in getting together so much 
and putting it into form for printing, with 
the slow methods they had to follow. But 
as for advertisements, my regular editions 
never contain any. Just notice this paper." 

Here he drew from his pocket a large 
sheet, everywhere punctured with characters 
that might be Hebrew, Chinese, or plain 
English, according to where one began to 
read and the direction he took in reading. 
Then he went on to say with true editorial 
pride : 

"This paper has an enormous circulation 
in every country. You never imagined any- 
thing like it, I am sure. Still I employ no 
compositors, for every piece of type is set 
by telephone. We always represent a sound 
by the same character, so that when a sylla- 
ble is spoken into the telephone it comes out 
at the other end all set up. You see our 
letters differ from yours very much, or this 
would not be possible. Then the electric 
current is so gauged that head-lines and 
important items are given in their proper 
type, and when a column is set up, it is 
ready for the press without the delay of 
proof-reading, since the telephone machine 
never makes a mistake. 

"Our manner of printing is also different 
from yours. Our paper is punctured instead 
of just receiving- the impression of the type. 
By this means we are able to bring out fif- 
teen to twenty copies at one time. We issue 
an entirely new edition of one million copies 
three times each day, and get them around 
to our subscribers in a few minutes after 
leaving the press. Our telephone advan- 
tages make it possible to have the same edi- 
tion in all the great commercial centers from 
which it can be distributed to all points, by 
the fast-air lines, and by pneumatic-tube ex- 
presses. To read our sheet easily one has 
only to place it over any dark substance to 
make the characters show up clearly. With 
our immense facilities for getting and send- 

ing out news, and the use of a universally 
understood alphabet, we have about reached 
perfection in newspaper work. 

"Yet there is still another advantage in 
the type which we use, and that is its re- 
versible meaning. For example, if you are a 
Democrat read one side of the paper. If you 
wish to get the Republican view turn the sheet 
over and read the other side. Or, if you read 
that you are accused of falsehood, or of po- 
litical ambition, be under no apprehensions, 
for on the other side you will surely find a 
complete and specific denial of all charges. 
In this way both sides of every question are 
presented, a high average of truth is attained, 
and no one is hurt. In fact, the habit of 
finding fault with editors is entirely out of 

"But how have you managed to reach 
such perfection ? " I asked. 

" Oh, there is a great discovery connected 
with that," he answered. 

"In your time every one was obliged 
either to collect his knowledge from original 
sources, or to absorb and have drilled into 
his head what others had brought together 
and classified. So far as the individual was 
concerned you had no ready-made learning. 

"On the other hand, my father who was 
an editor and a learned man, bequeathed to 
me his knowledge when he died, in common 
with his other possessions. By the new dis- 
covery, all the skill and wisdom that had 
been collected in the nervous cells of his 
system was transferred to my brain. Hav- 
ing, then, all my ancestor's wisdom beside 
what I had developed, I was able at the age 
of fourteen to take charge of a newspaper 
sending out three million copies daily. 

"This system of knowledge transfer was 
first sought out by one of your contempo- 
raries, I understand, while he was a Senior 
at college. He had studied carefully the 
science of the human mind, and being one 
day thrown in contact with a certain Fresh- 



man who possessed all the knowledge the 
world holds (except on one important point), 
he resolved to make an original experiment. 
He conceived the idea of robbing his ac- 
quaintance of his learning to such an extent 
that the fellow might, under favorable cir- 
cumstances, find it possible to receive some 
slight addition to his store. With this 
laudable purpose in mind, he proceeded." 

At just this moment I became conscious 
that my room-mate had returned and was 
laughing at me from his chair on the other 
side of the fire. I also caught a glimpse of 
something very like a tennis ball rolling 
away across the floor, while a slight pain in 
the forehead showed where some missile had 
struck me. 

" Are you really awake ? " were the first 
words that greeted me. " I am glad you 
are, for I was afraid, from the expression of 
your face, that something terrible was the 
matter," and there came another burst of 
laughter. I rose, rubbed my eyes and looked 
around for my visitor from Century Hence. 
But he had fled. 


Old Bowdoin once more greets her sons, 

From holiday returning, 
To take again a winding course 

Along the paths of learning. 

Her sons in turn their Mater greet 

With reverence and duty, 
But with surprise and wond'ring awe, 

So changed her quiet beauty, 

Her look serene, that tranquil air 
Which age gives to a Mater, — 

The dear, old soul in her old age 
To modern things doth cater ! 

All gone her calm indifference 
To luxury and fashion, 

And that she may he a la mode 
Is now her ruling passion. 

■ Old Bowdoin !" Ah, no longer so ! 

The epithet 's used wrongly, 
And Modern Bowdoiu takes the place 

Of what we loved so strongly. 

Her Sons of Now, we mark the change, 
And give it joyful greeting, 

For Youth is not conservative, 

And Youth's regrets are fleeting. 

But days will come when deep regrets 
Will fill our hearts with sadness, — 

Regrets for things which formed a part 
Of life, when life was gladness ; 

As even now the Sons of Then 
Are sad to see this changing 

Which takes away their landmarks and 
Brings sorrowful estranging. 

The easy, careless, pleasant life 

In batter'd dormitories 
Is going surely, — there remain 

But memories and stories 

Of days that were, of customs old, 
Of Bowdoin's Middle Ages ; 

In Bowdoiu's history they are 
The early-finished pages. 

Ah, well ! Such things must always be ! 

The times are still progressing ! 
Let's sigh that it is so, and then 

Esteem it all a blessing. 


Few students know 

This tale of woe, 
And all must be informed 

Of what befell 

Our sign so swell 
When Maine Hall first was stormed. 

The Orient Room 

Met fearful doom 
At the Besiegers' hands, — 

Before those swine 

That pearl, our sign, 
Was powerless ; those bands 



Of cruel men 

Took that sign then, 
And in wild sport and jest 

They nailed it in 

The mortar-bin 
Away from careful quest. 

! every trace 
Of its fair grace 

Is gone ; 'tis thrust aside ; 
And we must be 
Resigned, we see, 

Tho' we are mortified. 

John G. Whittier. 

O hush in thy toil, my nation ; 

A leader is taken from thee ; 

Now sink upon bended knee, 
And silently pour lamentation, 
As fitting the grand one, whose station 

Henceforth ever empty must be. 

Thank God for the life that is ended; 

No grander New England has known ; 

He stood far above us, alone; 
'Twas the spirit of Christ that descended, 
And all virtues of Heaven that blended, 

In giving that character tone. 

How tenderly each word was spoken, 

That the great bard of Freedom has said ; 
How modestly bowed he his head, 

When he saw the rent shackles, that token 

Of slavery, sundered and broken. 

And now the sweet warrior is dead. 

How he sang of New England ever; 

No bard has e'er loved it so well ; 

None like him its story could tell. 
Like the course of his own pretty river, 
His memory sweeps on forever, 

In the land where he labored and fell. 

In the harvest month of September 

The reaper has garnered the grain, 

Long ripened and bent on the plain. 

But how sweet it is to remember 

That the glow of an extinguished ember 

Will brighten and shine forth again. 

O mourn for him, mourn for a brother, 
Ye millions loved by him for years; 
And, Freedom, from whom he drove 

Shower honors, New England, his mother, 
For never shall ye have another 

More worthy thy love and thy tears. 

Henry Newbegin, '57, of 
Defiance, Ohio, one of the 
board of overseers, passed several days 
in Brunswick recently. 

A. M. Merriman, '92, has been ap- 
pointed assistant in Chemistry. 
Wood, '92, visited Brunswick on his way to Har- 

■ Kelly, '91, spent several days at the college re- 

Flagg, '94, has been employed in the library all 

Nichols, '92, has been practicing with the foot- 
ball candidates. 

Kimball, '87, and Coding, '91, were among our 
recent visitors. 

Professor Smith has been passing his vacation 
in Brunswick. 

Frost, formerly of '93, has returned to college 
as a member of '94. 

The Freshmen improvised a very good yell for 
the foot-ball game. 

Badger, '95, is to take charge of the Physical 
Laboratory this year. 

The working force iu the library remains nearly 
the same as last year. 

Quimby, an Andover man, and Mayo, a '95 man 
at Hobart, have entered '95. 

Axtell, formerly of '94, who has been out teach- 
ing for a year, has joined '95. 

Many of our minstrels attended Cleveland's 
show the other night to get some " points." 

Mitchell, '90, F. Drew, '91, Bean, Young, and 
Mann, '92, have visited the college this term. 

Professor Smith, of Yale, has been in at some of 
his old recitations duriug the past two weeks. 



MeCann, of Bangor Theological Seminary, and 
formerly of Colby, has joined the Seniors.- 

Hubbard, '90, Emery, '92, and Wathen, '92, 
stopped at Brunswick, Monday afternoon on their 
way to Harvard. 

Dennett, '90, Home, Coding, Tukey, and A. M. 
McDonald, '91, have been seen on the campus at 
various times. 

The dates for the Topsham Fair are October 
12-14. It is reported that Triangle will attempt to 
lower his record. 

Norman Call, '69, visited the campus recently. 
Minot and Home, '91, also paid the college brief 
visits last week. 

The foot-ball management has already arranged 
dates with Exeter, Andover, and Colby. Bates 
has decided not to put a team into the field this 

The river water has, as is usual at this season 
of the year, become intolerable, and water from 
Paradise Spring has been put on the campus for 
drinking purposes. 

The vacancies occurring in the Faculty this year 
have been filled, the Latin chair being now occupied 
by Professor Houghton and the German by Pro- 
fessor Farnsworth. 

The Freshmen have appointed a captain to select 
a foot-ball eleven from their class, and will doubt- 
less soon have a team on the field. They are setting 
the other classes a good example. 

Two of our fitting schools, Washington Academy 
and Fryeburg Academy, celebrated their centen- 
nial this summer. President Hyde attended the 
exercises and delivered orations. 

In the State Championship Tennis Tournament 
in Portland, a few weeks ago, Hinkley, '94, and 
partner won the championship in doubles. Pickard, 
'94 , captured second place in singles. 

A new reading-room has been fitted up in South 
Winthrop, much after the style of the old one; 
while two rooms in North Winthrop have been 
transformed into a recitation room for Modern Lan- 

Professor Houghton, who was elected to the 
Winkley Professorship of Latin to succeed Professor 
Lawton, has already won the good-will of his class 
and has matters running smoothly in his depart- 
ment. Prof. Houghton was a Psi U. at Yale. 

Mr. Wheeler who had charge of the German 
department last year has been replaced by Mr. 

Farnsworth, who is fast proving himself a popular 
instructor. The Junior division is reading Minna 
von Bamhelm with Nathan der Weise for private 

The firm of Baldwin & Machan has dissolved, 
the senior partner having retired with a fortune. 
Machan & Bagley now accept checks for books, 
sporting goods, etc., at number 19 Winthrop Hall, 
sign of the golden "boss." Call round and inspect 
their goods. 

Hon.Hosea M. Knowlton of New Bedford, Mass., 
the district attorney, who is prosecuting the Borden 
murder case at Fall River, is a brother-in-law of 
Professor Lee's wife and is well known in Bruns- 
wick. His son graduated from the Brunswick High 
School last June. 

4\ x. is dead. For several years successive 
Sophomore classes have vainly endeavored to re- 
vive the old $. X. spirit, but each year the revival 
has grown fainter until now a few spasmodic strug- 
gles are the only indications of life. The " Grand 
Old Hymn," however, still survives. 

'94 has been increased by six men from Bangor 
Theological Seminary, — McKinnon, Smiley, Ogilvie, 
DeMott, Moore, and Sheaff ; also by Merritt, from 
Colby, '94, and Frost of Bowdoin, '93. Boardman 
and Ingraham will take special courses, most of 
their studies, however, being with the Juniors. 

It is unfortunate for the athletic interests of the 
college that so few ball games are played in the 
fall. There is no reason why " scrub " teams should 
not be organized either by each "end" or each 
fraternity. Even if the playing were not all first- 
class, new men would be sure to be brought out, 
and all would be sure of a good time as well as 
good practice. 

The class foot-ball games last fall created an 
immense amount of interest in all the classes, and 
had they occurred earlier in the season would have 
furnished valuable teams to oppose the 'Varsity. 
Foot-ball is more popular and is played by more 
men than ever before. Why not organize class 
teams and play a series for the championship of the 
college ? 

Although the class of '95 in attempting their 
Horn Concert had less to contend against than did 
'94, they were compelled to break up as were their 
predecessors after completing one round of the 
buildings. A moister, more bedraggled and dis- 
consolate crowd than were the Sophomores after 
the upperclassmen had finished the entertainment 
provided by them would be hard to find. 



The subjects for the second themes of the term 
are as follows: Juniors: 1— Partisanship in Pol- 
itics : Its Good and Its Bad Features. 2— What 
Things Tend to Increase College Spirit? 3— The 
Influence of a Good Newspaper. Sophomores: 1 — 
The Cholera Epidemic. 2— Do We Need Another 
Dormitory? 3— De Quincey's "Confessions of an I 
English Opium-Eater." Themes are due on or ! 
before Wednesday, October J 2th. 

The carpenters at work on Maine Hall are, as is 
their custom, making haste very slowly, and the 
building will not be ready for occupancy until the 
middle of October. The reading-room and all the 
recitation rooms have been removed, and the whole 
hall is now devoted to rooms for the students. The 
improvements expected have all been made, and 
things will be remarkably convenient and the gen- 
eral appearance of the hall much improved. 

The first themes of the year are due September 
28th. Subjects as follows : Juniors: .1— Results of 
the Peary Expedition to Greenland. 2— Who were 
to Blame at Homestead ; The Company or the 
Strikers? 3— The Literary Career of George William 
Curtis. Sophomores: 1— The New Art Building. 
2— The State Election. 3— John G- Whittier as a 
Poet. The Freshmen will also have several themes 
to write this year, the subjects being selected from 
the works read by them in the Latin, Greek, and 
French classes. 

Following is a list of the members of '96, with 
their residences. Several other men are entitled to 
enter, but so far have not put in an appearance. 

Samuel Ackley, Washington Academy. 

T. D. Bailey, Bangor. 

C. E. Baker, Sheepscot Bridge. 

W. S. Bass, 

J. H. Bates, 

H. K. Blodgett, Boston University. 

F. E. Bradbury, 

• Wilton. 
West Sumner. 

C. M. Brown, 
C. A. Brown, Jr., 
J. E. Burbank, 
J. L. Burnham. 
H. O. Clough, 
H. W. Coburn, 
C. Ij. Curtis, 
Philip Dana, 
F. S. Dane, 

E. M. Davis, 

F. H. Dole, 
Chase Eastman, 
Stirling Fessenden, 
W. W. Fogg, 

J. W. Foster, 
A. A. French, 

North Freeman. 



West Freeman. 









Fort Fairfield. 


Pittsfield, N. H. 


B. F. Frisbie, 
J. E. Frost, 
J. Gilpatrick, 
J. N. Haskell, 

A. G. Hebb, 

C. A. Knight, 
Preston Keyes, 
J. O. Ledyard, 
R. W. Leighton, 
J. H. Libby, 
Earl Lyford, 

C. W. Marston, 
C. P. Merrill, 
J. C. Minot, 
W. S. Mitchell, 
Robert Newbegin, 
Henry Oakes, 
G. T. Ordway, 
H. W. Owen, 
F. C. Peaks, 
J. E. Pearson, 
H. H. Pierce, 
R. T. Plumstead, 
Wallace Robinson, 
H. L. Rowe, 
R. O. Small, 
F. B. Smith, 
M. P. Smith, 
R. E. Soule, 
C. T. Stone, 
F. H. Swan, 
J. B. Thompson, 

B. G. Willard, 
W. Williams, 
A. P. Ward, 

North Bridgton. 









Fort Fairfield. 


North Harpswell. 




Defiance, Ohio. 


Boston, Mass. 





Wise asset. 

' Portland. 

South Waterlord. 

Berlin Mills, N. H. 











On Friday morning, at the close of chapel exer- 
cises, the familiar old cry of " Foot-Ball-11-11 " is raised 
for the third and last time this year, and as it dies 
away the two upper classes, for a few seconds, hold 
in the mass of Sophomores and Freshmen struggling 
to find an exit through the chapel door. Then out 
they come with a mad rush, and the first thing the 
spectators see is a form dashing toward Maine Hall. 
This proves to be Simpson, who has the ball con- 
cealed under his coat, and almost succeeds in 
reaching his end, North Maine, and winning the 
prize, when he is stopped by some stragglers who 
are walking toward the chapel. 

With a rush the rest of the Sophomores are 
upon him, pushing and crowding around the ball, 
which somebody holds in the centre. This struggle 
goes on for several minutes in front of Maine Hall, 



the position of the crowd changing only a few feet, 
till suddenly Knowlton makes a brilliant dash, bears 
the ball triumphantly to his room, in South Win- 
throp, and Ninety- five's foot-ball rush is at an end. 
The rush lasted only ten minutes, and, although 
arousing much interest, was lacking in exciting 
dashes, and was much shorter than the rushes of 
previous years. 

By three o'clock, Friday afternoon, the crowd 
of alumni, upperclassmen, "yaggers," and small 
boys, which dotted the campus near the new Art 
Building, seemed to make clear by their expectant 
looks and excited talk that some event of great 
interest to the community was about to take place. 
And verily such was the case; for it was the day of 
the great annual foot-ball contest between the 
Sophomores and Freshmen of Bowdoin. 

Gradually the Freshmen appeared, clothed in 
various costumes, which raoged from the athletic 
suit to the iess pretentious dress of a farmer. They 
grouped themselves picturesquely on the mother 
earth around the sun dial and waited. 

At 3.25 the sounds of Phi Chi were heard in the 
distance, and soon the Sophomores appeared, bear- 
ing a banner, beating a tin pan, and showing the 
customary variety of dress and a warning dis- 
play of "blud." After the usual struggle the 
Freshmen were forced to rise and the two teams 
lined up. 

The Sophomores opened the game in a lively 
manner, and in the first rush carried the ball well 
down toward the Freshmen's goal, where it was 
fouled. Then the game-continued with like fortune 
for each side for several minutes, while the alumni 
and upperclassmen mingled in the mele, hoping 
once more to "get a kick at the ball." Soon, how- 
ever, the luck changed and the Freshmen kicked 
the ball over to South Appleton, and, with another 
rush, gained a little beyond the starting place. In 
spite of this advantage the Freshmen played with 
less confidence than their opponents, and soon lost 
their gain and were slowly driven back toward 
their goal, till at last Fairbanks succeeded in forcing 
the ball across the path and winning the victory 
for '95. 

The game was interesting throughout and 
showed that '96 has some heavy men who ought to 
make good material for the 'Varsity eleven. The 
time was forty minutes, much shorter than usual. 
The referee was McArthur, '93, and the judges, 
Plaisted, '94, for the Sophomores, and Bagley, '94, 
for the Freshmen. 


Saturday morning, after the usual delay in 
getting a rope, the two lower classes prepared for the 
annual rope pull. There were the usual number of 
false starts, in which desperate attempts were made 
to pull over the hydrant and uproot the campus 
trees. Finally a fair pull was started and the 
Freshmen easily won, after which they ran trium- 
phantly over the campus and cut the rope in two, 
thinking the victory won. But they were brought 
back with the fragments of the rope, and a second 
pull was made, in which the Freshmen showed 
excellent form, pulling easily the Sophomores and 
many of the upperclassmen, who assisted them, and 
winning the required two pulls out of three. 
McArthur acted as judge. 

'Ninety- Six, '11; 'Ninety-Five, 9. 

Saturday afternoon wituessed the annual Sopho- 
more-Freshman ball game, which concludes the 
week of fall sports. The day was a perfect one 
for base-ball, and the two teams showed up in good 
season, so that the game was actually called on 
time, an unusual occurrence in these inter-class 
contests. The game lacked the usual feature of 
fantastically dressed Sophs, and was attended with 
less " chinning" than ordinarily. Indeed, Captain 
Fairbanks, by a vigorous and forcible harangue suc- 
ceeded in bringing a part of his comrades to the 
rescue, but the greater number preferred to " sit in 
shade." The game was closely contested, and of con- 
siderable interest throughout, but does not seem to 
show that '96 has any great abundance of base-ball 
talent, when one considers the weakness of the team 
against which they were matched. French pitched 
for the Sophomores, for two innings, when he re- 
tired to second, and Fairbanks, pitched the remain- 
der of the game, with Wiley behind the bat. Only 
seven innings were played. Plaisted acted as um- 
pire. Tho score is as follows : 


A.E. K. E.H. S.H. P.O. A. E. 

Coburn, lb., 5 1 3 7 3 

Williams, p 5 1 1 11 

Willard, 1.1, 4 1 1 

Smith, 2b., 4 2 1 2 1 4 

Soule, o 3 2 7 3 

Merrill, r.f., 2 1 1 1 

Libby, c.f 4 1 1 1 

Ledyard, 3b., 3 1 1 4 1 

Eyes, s.s., 2 2 1 1 1 j> 

32 11 9 1 21 19 8 




A.E. K. B.H. S.H. P.O. A. E. 

Fairbanks, c, p., .... 4 1 1 8 

Leighton, s.s., 3 2 1 2 2 2 

Quimby, 3b 3 3 1 

Kimball, G., lb, .... 1 2 7 

Wiley, 2b., c 4 2 5 1 

Mayo, r.f., c.f., 4 1 1 

Kimball, W. S., l.f 4 2 10 10 

Doherty, c.f., r.f 4 1 

French, p., 2b., ....2210120 

29 9 5 21 14 4 

By innings, 1234567 

'Ninety-Six, 1 2 2 3 3—11 

'Ninety-Five 2 3 1 1 2—9 


Over twenty-five men are training for the foot- 
ball team on the delta every afternoon, and much 
interest is shown in the sport this fall. The men 
are under the instruction of Dr. Whittier, who has 
been playing at Harvard this summer, and Capt. 
Carleton, and although the players average lighter 
than in former seasons still they give promise of 
doing skillful and efficient work. The make-up of 
the first eleven has not yet been definitely decided 
on, but probably will be in a few days. Most of 
the old players are seen on the field and in addi- 
tion there are quite a number of new men at 
practice, some of whom have had considerable 
experience in the game. Captain Carleton expects 
soon to secure the services of a coach for the team. 

The proposed league, composed of Brown, 
Tufts, and Bowdoin, which was looked forward 
to last spring with so much interest here, did 
not materialize, and the foundation of a Maine 
College Foot-Ball League was equally unsuccessful. 
Still we shall have an interesting series of games 
this fall, and it is hoped that several of them may 
be played at Brunswick. Thus far Manager Bald- 
win has arranged for the following games: 

October 1st, 
October loth, 
October 22d, 




at Exeter. 

at Brunswick. 

at Andover. 

Bowdoin's numerous tennis courts are in un- 
usually fine condition this fall and are enlivened 
with players at nearly all hours of the day. We 
have lost none of our crack players, so that our 
prospects in the Maine Intercollegiate Tennis As- 
sociation next spring seem particularly bright. The 
Freshman class has brought in the usual number 
of players and would-be players, but whether it 
contains any men of marked tennis ability, remains 
yet to be seen. 

The outlook for our Association this year is fully 
as bright and, indeed, a little brighter thau in pre- 
vious years. Although no one went from here to 
Northfield this summer, yet the interest in association 
work appears quite as strong as it was last fall, and 
the members seem willing to work for the good of 
the cause. Then, too, our hand-book places us in a 
better light before the college and especially the 
Freshman class. It shows that we are interested in 
them and will try our best to help them, a fact 
which is borne out by the reception which is tend- 
ered them in the Y. M. C. A. room on the first 
Thursday of the college year. This reception met 
with its usual success this year. Fully half the 
incoming class was present, as well as a good 
number of the other classes and some of the Faculty. 
A very pleasant social time was enjoyed. Appro- 
priate remarks were made by President Hyde, Pro- 
fessors Woodruff and Wells, and fruit was served. 
Thus we are on a good footing and should do good 
work the coming year. 

But although our interest may be strong and our 
desires good, our knowledge of the best association 
methods is comparatively limited. We need to 
come in touch with other associations and with suc- 
cessful Christian workers, and to get ideas from 
them. This fortunately is made possible for us in 
the convention which is to be held this fall at 
Augusta, October 6-9. We should have present 
there every man who can by any sacrifice possibly 
go. Nothing should take precedence of this duty 
which we owe to our association and ourselves. 
Especially should a goodly number of the Freshmen 
attend. It will give them an insight into the broad- 
ness of the association movement and into the 
methods by which the work is done, and introduce 
to them some of the most prominent leaders in New 
England. R. M. Armstrong, State Secretary of 
Massachusetts and Rhode Island; J. L. Gordon, 
General Secretary at Boston ; S. A. Taggart of New 
York, Secretary of the International Committee, 
and many other interesting speakers will be present. 
In fact we all need to go, that we may work 
during the coming year intelligently and to the best 
advantage in our Master's service. 

Ex-President Andrew D. White, of Cornell, a 
Yale graduate of '53, has been appointed Minister 
Plenipotentiary to Russia. 



'27. — In August there was 

dedicated at Concord, N.H., a statue 

of John P. Hale, the anti-slavery 

statesman. The statue was a present to 

the State by Senator Chandler. 

'57. — Dr. Thomas F. Moses was chosen vice- 
president of the American Medical Association at 
its recent meeting at Detroit, where he delivered 
an address. 

'58.— Portland, Me., September 5th. Judge 
Nathan B. Cleaves died at 1 1.30 a.m., Monday, at the 
Falmouth Hotel, of acute Bright's disease, after two 
weeks of sickness, at the age of 57 years 9 months. 
Nathan Cleaves was the son of Thomas and Sophia 
Cleaves of Bridgton, and was bor-n January 3, 1835. 
He prepared for college at Portland Academy, and 
graduated at Bowdoin College. He read law with 
the well-known firm of Howard & Strout of Port- 
land, and was admitted to the Cumberland bar in 
April, 1861. He commenced practice in Bowdoin- 
ham, but removed to Portland in 1862 and formed 
a law partnership with Hon. L. D. Sweat, then 
member of Congress. This relation continued until 
July, 1864, when he entered into partnership with 
the late Judge Howard, which firm was terminated 
by Howard's death in 1877. He married, May 10, 
1865, Caroline, the accomplished daughter of Judge 
Howard, who died in Augusta in 1875. He was 
elected city solicitor of Portland in 1869. Was a 
member of the State legislature from Portland in 
1871 and 1875, and Judge of Probate for Cumber- 
land County from 1876-80. He was candidate for 
Congress against Keed in 1884, and was surveyor 
of the port in 1885. 

'60. — Hon. Thomas B. Reed was re-elected to 
Congress from the first district of Maine. 

'61.— George B. Kenniston was elected Judge of 
Probate in Lincoln County. 

'62. — Isaac B. Choate has a poem entitled " The 
Merchant of Newburyport," in a recent number of 
the Boston Commonwealth. 

'74. — Henry K. White, late principal of Lincoln 
Academy, Newcastle, is now principal of Bangor 
High School. 

'75.— George F. McQuillan was Democratic can- 
didate for Judge of Probate in this county. 

76. — Arlo Bates delivered a poem at the Wash- 
ington Academy centennial this summer. 

'77. — Lieut. Peary, the Arctic explorer, arrived 
safely home in Philadelphia last week. 

'79. — Charles F. Johnson, Democratic candidate 
for Governor, was defeated in the State election. 
He succeeded in reducing the Republican plurality 
by several thousand votes. 

'80.— William T. Call was married to Miss Eleauor 
Margaret McCartie, June 29th, in New York City. 

'80. — Henry A. Wing is president of the Young 
Men's Democratic Club of Bangor. 

'81.— Died in San Francisco, Mrs. Margaret, wife 
of Mr. Albert L. Joyce. To Mr. Joyce the Orient 
gives its sincerest sympathy. 

'83. — Edward W. Chase holds the position of 
Assistant Professor of Obstetrics in the Medical 
College at Omaha. 

'85. — Married, August 17th, Howard L. Lunt to 
Miss Ella Gardiner, at Los Angeles, Cal. 

'86. — George S. Berry is principal of Limerick* 

'89.— Clarence L. Mitchell has become principal 
of the high school at Wareham, Mass. 

'89. — William M. Emery, city editor of the New 
Bedford, Mass., Evening Journal, represented his 
paper as special correspondent at the recent famous 
Borden murder hearing at Fall River, and wrote 
for his paper daily for seven days between three 
and four columns of testimony, etc. 

'90. — Victor V. Thompson is principal of Rock- 
land High School. 

'90. — Thomas S. Spillane was elected state rep- 
resentative from Lewiston. 

'91.— Samuel H. Erskine has been teaching Lim- 
erick Academy, and from a hundred applicants has 
been chosen principal of Lincoln Academy. He 
married Amy E. Albee in July. 

'91. — Mahoney is principal of Bridge Academy, 

'91.— Burr remains at Patten, principal of the 
High School. 

'91. — A. T. Brown will resume his studies at the 
Yale Law School. 

'92.— W. O. Hersey has charge of the High School 
at Bridgton. 

'92.— Poore has a position in Worcester Acad- 
emy, Worcester, Mass. 

'92. — Durgin is going to take a law course at 
Boston University. 



'92.— Wood enters the Harvard Divinity School 
this fall. 

'92.— R. F. Bartlett is studying law with Judge 
L. C. Stearns of Caribou. 

'92.— Percy Bartlett is teaching school in the 
northern part of Vermont. 

'92. — G-nmruer is teaching at Livermore Falls. 

'92. — Emery is taking a course in Political Sci- 
ence and Philosophy at Harvard. 

'92.— Young will enter Harvard Medical School 
this fall. 

'92. — Mann is to go into a banking house in New 
York City. 

'92.— Kimball has been lecturing on the drama 
this summer before the Chautauquans. He enters 
Andover Theological Seminary this fall. 

'92.— Hull is principal of Fryeburg Academy. 

'92.— J. D. Merrimau is principal of Gould 
Academy, Bethel. 

'92. — Smith is studying law in Augusta. 

'92. — Lee is principal of Corinna Institute. 

'92.— Rich has entered the Andover Theological 

'92. — Gurney has accepted a fine position as 
teacher of English Literature at Riverside, New 

'92. — Bean enters Boston University Law School 
this fall. 

'92.— Linscott is taking a post-graduate course 
at Chicago University. 

'92. — Watheu is studying Philosophy at Harvard. 

'92. — Cothren is studying law with his father in 

'92. — Kenniston is principal of Cornish High 

'92. — A. M. Merriman takes Cutts's place as 
Assistant in Chemistry at Bowdoin. 

'92. — Lazell has gone into business with his 
brother in Roanoke, Virginia. 

'92.— Downes is studying law with his father in 

'92. — Nichols has gone to Clark University to 
study mathematics. 

'92. — Pennell is in business with his brother in 

Harry A. Garfield, oldest son of the late Presi- 
dent Garfield, and a recent graduate of Williams, 
has an appointment to a professorship in the new 
law school of Western Reserve University at Cleve- 
land, Ohio. He is regarded as a lawyer and tacher 
of great promise. 

Says the Brown Daily Herald: "President 
Andrews' announcement in chapel yesterday morn- 
ing that regular seats would not be assigned Seniors 
and Juniors practically means that attendance for 
these students hereafter will be entirely optional. 
The size of the incoming class and the limited room 
in the chapel render this step necessary." Like 
words would have a very sweet sound to the ears 
of some of the Seniors and Juniors at Bowdoin. 

College publications are beginning to gather 
very slowly on the exchange table. It is a great 
pleasure to once more look over the reflections from 
the minds of other colleges. The exchange column 
of a college periodical can be made one of the most 
profitable departments of the paper. There can 
be gathered in tangible form the wit and the wisdom 
of the college world. There might be found dis- 
cussions of college questions by some of the brightest 
and most thoughtful minds of the youth of the 
country. A careful selection of the most interest- 
ing matters in college circles goes far more to make 
an exchange column interesting than mere com- 
ments on the qualities, good or bad, of the papers 
which reach the exchange editor. 

Getting on : He — " Well, how are you progress- 
ing in your French?" "She — "All right till I 
attempt to think in French ; then I have to ask 
some one else what I mean." — Boston Beacon. 

At the University of California the Faculty evi- 
dently have many duties to perform which would 
seem strangely out of place at Bowdoin. For 
instance, one of the Sophomores, during a lull in a 
scrimmage with the Freshman, was seized by the 
collar and ordered off the grounds by a Professor. 
The student refused rather rudely, and suspension 
is the result. 

Harvard offers 295 elective courses this year. 

Yale is to have a new telescope. It is now 
being built by Clark at Cambridge, and will cost 
$50,000. The glass is to be twenty-eight inches 
and will be one of the best ever constructed. 



Dickinson has a twenty-eight-year-old professor 
who is one of the fifteen or twenty scholars in the 
world who are able to decipher Assyrian inscrip- 
tions. His name is Kobert W. Rogers, Ph.D. 

Rev. William H. Whittington, who died at Jack- 
son, Mich., August 31st, was at the time of his 
death the oldest living Harvard graduate. He was 
graduated in the class of '21, being a classmate of 

Brown University has opened its doors to the fair 
sex and with pleasing results, if the following from 
the Broivn Herald voices the sentiments of the 
student body. That paper says: "The present 
attitude of Brown University toward young ladies 
finds favor with all, including young ladies. It is 
time for all leading colleges to take down the 
boards from across their ' ladies' entrance.' " 

OUR / 0f Your Societ y Bad s e wi " be 

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Vol. XXII. 


No. 7. 





C. W. Peabody, '93, Managing Editor. 

H. C. Fabyan, '93, Assistant Managing Editor. 

B. L. Bryant, '95, Business Manager. 

W. P. Chamberlain, '93. F. M. Shaw, '93. 

M. S. Clifford, '93. H. E. Andrews, '94. 

R. R. Good ell, '93. F. J. Libby, '94. 

F. W. Pickard, '94. 

Per annum, in advance, 
Single Copies, 

. $2.00. 
15 Cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Manager. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Manager. Com. 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Rhyme and Reason Department should be 
sent to Box 1100, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should be seDt to Box 4, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post -Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 

Vol. XXII., No. 7.— October 12, 1892. 

Editorial Notes, 119 

The Peary Expedition, 122 

My " Castle in Spain," 123 

Hobbyisin, 125 

Rhyme and Reason: 

Verses on the Opening of a New Term, .... 125 

In the Spring-time, 125 

The Nervous Man's Complaint, 126 

Beside the Summer Sea, 126 

Collegii Tabula, 126 

Athletics 128 

' Y. M. C. A., 129 

Personal, 130 

College World, 131 

The recent initiations of the Greek 
letter fraternities naturally turn our thoughts 
toward the social relations which these 
societies hold in college and the conditions 
of which they are a part. The Orient is 
not at present inclined to acquiesce in the 
sentiments expressed a few years ago in these 
columns that the Greek letter fraternity is 
a failure. On the contrary, we have the 
greatest confidence in the use of such an 
institution, and believe that, so far as we 
can judge of its workings at Bowdoin, it is 
of immense value to the students individu- 
ally and collectively. While from a merely 
literary point of view, no doubt the larger 
and more public societies which existed in 
the earlier history of the college were often 
more useful, by bringing their work before 
a larger and less partial audience, yet, in a 
social aspect, there has been no organization 
which could compare with the secret society ; 
and it is in their social aspect that these fra- 
ternities attain their greatest usefulness and 
exert their widest influence. It is probably, 
all things considered, the most necessary 
part of their work in college. 

While we wish to be understood as a firm 
believer in the Greek letter fraternities, we 
must grant that there are faults in the system 
as it exists here at the present time. These 



faults are some of them more apparent to 
the outsider than to those who are more in- 
timately acquainted with the conditions in 
college. For instance it is a surprise to 
many people, including some of our older 
alumni, that the Freshmen are so quickly 
divided up among the five fraternities. They 
see as all careful observers must see that 
there is a falseness and unreality in the ap- 
parently firm friendships that spring up like 
mushrooms in the first day or two of the 
fall term. Not only this, but as every 
society confidently asserts that it is seeking 
for the best men and most congenial com- 
panions from the incoming class, they realize 
that it is impossible to find these until many 
months of college life have put to the test 
the characters of the new collegians, and 
brought out their latent qualities. It is 
apparent that in the first few weeks before 
initiation it is impossible to give of any 
Freshman a definition that will hold good 
four years from now. If such is the case, 
how is it possible for any societ}', under the 
present regime, to hold true to the especial 
character which it arrogates to itself. It 
cannot be done. 

With small classes and large societies the 
present condition must be recognized as a 
fact necessary for self-preservation. There 
seem to be only two possible remedies. 
The first would be a mutual agreement be- 
tween the several chapters to postpone the 
" fishing season " till later in the college 
year. This could only be accomplished 
when all the societies had come to recognize 
the disadvantages of the present system, and 
even then its success would depend upon 
circumstances, the nature of which could be 
determined only by putting them to the 
actual test. The other possible remedy is 
one which may come in the natural course 
of events. If the classes continue to in- 
crease in numbers, and the societies continue 
to take in the same average number as here- 

tofore, both of which facts will probably be 
the case, the necessity of hasty choice of 
men will be diminished in proportion to the 
increase of the reservoir from which the 
supply is drawn. 

We believe that the present fraternities 
are sufficient in number to take care of all 
the desirable men in college, even should the 
classes permanently average sixty or sixty- 
five men. That the fraternities do not do so, 
even at the present time, is undeniable. This 
is largely due, as we have tried to show, to 
the unstable and hasty method of fishing. If, 
therefore, a new fraternity should get a foot- 
hold in Bowdoin, thus complicating the situ- 
ation, and weakening the other societies, the 
old societies would partly have themselves 
to blame for the condition which made pos- 
sible such a result. 

R. GOODELL having resigned the Busi- 
ness Management of the Orient, Mr. 
B. L. Bryant has been elected to fill that 
position, and all business correspondence 
should be directed to him. Mr. Goodell will 
have charge of the Personal Department. 

TT7HE foot-ball season has opened auspi- 
•^ ciously, and everything points to an 
interesting series of games. Bowdoin is in 
no league this fall and therefore foot-ball ex- 
citement will probably not run high enough 
to hurt anybody, and yet the interest taken 
in the game is shown by the large subscrip- 
tion already obtained, privately and without 
resort to the usual camp-meeting methods. 
While of course there was some disappoint- 
ment in the college because the foot-ball 
management was unable to arrange a league 
either with the State colleges or with some 
of the smaller New England colleges, yet 
there is, or at any rate was before the Exeter 
game, a suspicion that the team was not so 
strong as that of last year, and this effected 
somewhat to reconcile everyone with the 



situation. The team is, however, doing 
much better than was expected. The ulti- 
mate hope, of course, is to some time be estab- 
lished firmly in a permanent league. This 
may not come for several years, but probably 
will eventually. The college is every year 
growing better able financially to support a 
league team, and a better understanding of 
the game throughout the State, and espe- 
cially among those schools from which we 
draw our men, is bound to be of advantage 
to us in furnishing a greater number of ex- 
perienced players from which to choose a 
team. A small college, however, will always 
be dependent to a large degree .upon the 
fluctuation of foot-ball material incident to 
a limited number of players, and Bowcloin 
should do everything possible to overcome 
this difficulty. We might profitably take 
advantage of the example set by' Andover 
and Exeter, who always have teams that 
rank among those of the small colleges. It 
is because, as some one has said, they not 
only talk foot-ball, but they eat, drink, and 
breathe foot-ball. Not only does the regular 
team keep to work but the class teams are 
just as wide awake and enthusiastic as if the 
honor of the school depended on each of 
them. If we want to play foot-ball, whether 
as members of a league or as a free lance in 
the field, we must do likewise. A heavy 
team like the one we had in the fall of 1890 
may be due to luck, but a skillful team de- 
pends on the enthusiastic and hearty en- 
deavor of the whole college. 

ORE we going to have any class foot-ball 
I*- games this fall? The Freshmen are 
showing the proper spirit and have got their 
team in training. The other classes should 
not let the Freshmen get ahead of them in 
this matter. If '96 happens to challenge 
any of the other classes, what will be the 
result. Training counts a good deal, and 

they are gettinginto shape. The Sophomores 
are evidently preparing to enter the arena, 
but the trouble with them and the other 
classes, too, seems to be the lack of foot-ball 
suits. Everybody remembers the interest 
taken in the class games last fall. There 
was not much training for them to be sure, 
but there would have been if it had been 
thought of earlier in the season. Here is 
ample time for training and men enough, 
unprofessional men enough to furnish a team 
for every class. Now let every class provide 
their men with suits, and not wait till 
the Association is through with theirs. 
Let us have class games and find out who 
can play foot-ball. Who knows but what 
there are some phenomenal players who have 
not made their appearance on the delta yet ? 
Bring out these "village Hampdens" just 
as the Orient is trying to draw out the 
" mute inglorious Miltons." Nobody can 
say what a college is good for till it is shown 
what every man is worth. 

WE ARE glad to see a vigorous Demo- 
cratic Club in the field. It takes two 
to make a quarrel, and the Republican Club 
has been getting lazy for want of some one 
to quarrel with. The campaign will now 
probably be pushed with vigor, and if the 
two beasts do not succeed in goring each 
other to death, they will undoubtedly tear 
down a few fences at any rate, which is the 
main thing after all. We hope that a joint 
debate may be arranged between the clubs, 
thus reviving in a practical way the old 
Bowdoin Debating Club. No doubt each 
club will hold a mass meeting of its own, 
and endeavor in every way to make things 
lively before election. Meanwhile, that the 
new club may become firmly established, let all 
good Democrats show their colors, and rally 
to the support of Mrs. Cleveland and Baby 



PROF. HOUGHTON has accepted Prof. 
•^ Lawton's place as one of the judges for 
awarding the Orient prizes. 

TTT HE Orient is at present without a fixed 
*■ habitation but is "boarding round." This 
necessitates a considerable inconvenience to 
the editors, but, as it seems unavoidable 
under the present circumstances, they are 
trying to take the matter stoically, hoping, 
however, that in the bright da3 r s to come the 
college will provide some dwelling place for 
the college paper. For the present sub- 
scribers must excuse our inability to furnish 
any back numbers, as all our files are stored 
awav under the care of Mr. Booker. 

J1[HE Editorial Board for Volume XXI. 
•*■ desires to square itself with its publish- 
ers, to whom there is still a balance due. 
Several of the graduate, and a few of the 
undergraduate subscribers have not yet 
paid their subscriptions. The Commence- 
ment issue was a costly number, but when 
all remaining subscriptions are paid the 
entire cost of publication can be canceled. 
A prompt settlement by those who have not 
paid for the last volume will confer a favor 
upon its Editorial Board. Address P. O. 
Box 951. 

The Peary Expedition. 

IT WAS with much rejoicing that Lieut. 
Robert E. Peary and his little band of 
explorers were welcomed back to Phila- 
delphia. Since the party left New York, 
June 7, 1891, in the small whaling steamer 
Kite, the interest of the people in the suc- 
cess of their undertaking has never waned 
or swerved from its original intensity. The 
magnitude of his venture and the originality 
of his methods of procedure excited in scien- 
tific circles the profoundest interest. Now, 
his safe return, the complete accomplishment 

of all his plans, the remarkable success of 
the expedition, place him among the foremost 
of Arctic explorers. 

The expedition was begun under unfavor- 
able circumstances, as the voyage northward 
was very stormy, and while passing through 
Baffin Bay many icebergs were encountered, 
and it was with the greatest difficulty that 
the Kite was able to proceed. Nor was this 
all. While the steamer was working its way 
through the ice, by a sudden turning of the 
tiller, Lieut. Peary was so unfortunate as to 
have his leg broken. But this did not dis- 
courage him. He showed his admirable sand 
in not faltering in his purpose. 

They landed at a point north of Whale 
Sound. Here they erected a small house 
which they had brought with them. This 
was a building twelve by twenty feet, having 
double walls, with an air space between sur- 
rounded by an outer wall composed of turf, 
stone, and snow. Within this Lieut. Peary 
was confined until he regained the use of his 
fractured limb. It was his intention to obtain 
a sufficient supply of game to last during the 
winter, and also to make a thorough exami- 
nation of the surrounding country, especially 
the inland ice over which the expedition was 
to traverse. Then in the spring a party of 
four or five were to start out, leaving the 
remainder at the camp and establish depots 
along the line. Finally the two strongest 
were to leave the last supply station and 
push on and endeavor to determine the 
northern coast of Greenland. 

The nature of this journey was well un- 
derstood by Peary, as he had in 1886 made 
a tour of exploration on the inland ice. 
Since the unbroken surface of the inland ice 
is well adapted to the use of sledges, profit- 
ing by his experience in 1886, he had sledges 
built on a very much improved plan. The 
tendency of the times in everything is towards 
lightness, compactness, and effectiveness, 
and the conquest of the inland ice calls for 



all of the requisites in their highest perfec- 
tion. Franklin's retreating men dragged 
a boat on a sledge weighing as much as the 
boat. The sledges used by Peary were very 
lightly and skillfully constructed out of 
wood, thongs, and ivory. Attached to the 
rear was a wheel consisting of six sections, 
one revolution covering six feet. As each 
section touched the ground the boat was 
automatically recorded on a reel of paper. 
By this means the distance traveled was ac- 
curately determined. The real start may 
properly be said to have commenced May 
15th over the ice cap at an elevation of 4,000 
feet. He progressed so rapidly that in nine 
days he was at the edge of the great Hum- 
boldt Glacier, and on the last day of the 
month he arrived at Betermann fjord, on the 
northern coast, near by which lies the soli- 
tary grave of Captain Hall. After reach- 
ing the 82d parallel, his course was de- 
flected in an easterly and southerly direc- 
tion by the lay of the land, until on 
July 4th he reached Independence Bay, 
so named in honor of the clay. On July 9th 
they commenced their return, both men and 
dogs being thoroughly exhausted. For 
twenty-eight days they struggled through 
the soft snow, being wrapped in the snow- 
clouds of the interim- plateau, at an altitude 
of 8,000 feet. Then descending from the 
Humboldt Glacier, they finally, August 6th, 
reached McCormick Bay. Imagine the feel- 
ings of that exhausted band of explorers 
when they came in contact with the rescuers. 
How hearty their hand shaking must have 
been. It is no wonder that a cheer burst 
unconsciously from the rescuers when they 
found the rescued safe. It is highly grati- 
fying to find that an expedition of this kind 
can be carried through as it was planned. 
With very moderate financial support, the 
exploring part}' has seemingly accomplished 
practically all that was laid out, with no loss 
of life except through accident to which all 

Alpine climbers are exposed. Heretofore 
expeditions have narrowly escaped ship- 
wreck, or have been on the verge of starva- 
tion. Our hero, Lieut. Peary, besides prac- 
tically proving Greenland to be an island, 
has shown us that Arctic explorations can be 
made with comparative safety and comfort. 
He has, in fact, demonstrated the way which 
all future explorations must follow, if they 
would obtain success. As some one has well 
said, " A new era of Arctic explorations has 
been ushered in." This has been accomplished 
by the untiring energy and indomitable will 
of a Bowdoin graduate. 

My "Castle in Spain." 

T HAVE never yet visited my castle in 
*■ Spain. Its lofty turrets and massive walls 
never greeted my sight. And yet my face 
often turns from the sunset to where, far 
over the sea, lie my fair dominions. I do 
not know now what skies are arched above 
them nor what valleys lie beneath. Who 
my vassals are or what they are doing, no 
one has ever told me; still, at evening a 
whisper sometimes comes from that strange 
distant land, or, as I stand in the deepen- 
ing twilight, I hear a distant chime which I 
like to think comes from my castle bells, 
ringing their farewell to the day. Then 
voices come floating on the air as if borne 
to me on the sunbeams which not long before 
bade my Eastern possessions a tender good- 
night. From them I learn of a lovely village 
within sound of my chapel bells. On its 
pleasant streets glad voices blend as the 
people meet at evening to talk of their pres- 
ent joys or future hopes. Now and then I 
catch a hint of broad piazzas and lighted 
rooms, where the gaily dressed youth of that 
Southern clime assemble, and where man's 
imagination is stimulated to music and poetry 
by beauty as fresh and fair as a ray of morn- 
ing sunlight. The swarthy cheek and manly 



frame, the radiance of gentle girlish faces, 
whose dark eyes glow warm and tender like 
the sunny slopes of the South, these some- 
how have part in my castle in Spain. 

And I know that if I were in that village 
street at mid-day, I could look above it on 
the heights my chateau itself. If I were 
there I would look long at each spire or 
tower that rises over battlement and bastion, 
and perhaps find everything more splendid 
than I have ever imagined. Then, when I 
had drunk in all its beauty and grandeur, I 
would go up through the great arch of the 
gateway. There some vassal or retainer 
would meet me bringing the keys of the 
castle. He would, doubtless, be surprised 
that I had not come before. I could not 
have known, he would say, how clear was 
the air around those heights, nor how fair 
was the country they looked down upon. 

Then he would lead me through walks 
where Art and Nature vie in their endeavor 
to produce only what is pure and beautiful. 
From smoothly paved courts, bordered with 
stately columns and musical with fountains, 
we would pass under graceful arches to the 
gardens which burden the breezes with the 
perfume of their flowers. And, just before 
the palace, we would come to the most 
splendid fountain of all. For in that place, 
half-veiled in a cloud of rainbow-haunted 
spray, rises a marble group of most exquisite 
sculpture, standing in the midst of a wide 
grassy lawn like a priceless pearl set in 

Then from the palace windows we would 
look out over the castle walls to the distant 
snow-capped mountains which would every- 
where bound our view. In the east, rising 
above the hills and valleys that lie between, 
are the lofty peaks which the sun first kisses 
with his morning beams, ere he awakes the 
happy towns and hamlets of the plain. 
Around them is stretched a soft veil of mist, 
above which their glistening tops tower to 
the light again, 

As our gaze would wander from peak to 
peak of the horizon, everywhere the soft 
deep tones of the sky would meet and blend 
with the white and gray of the summits, 
those in turn giving way to the darker shades 
of the slopes, till the smiling green of the 
plain looked up from below. 

Far away gleams a broad river, on whose 
shimmering current the wealth of the world is 
brought to the cities along the banks. Nearer 
fountains flash in the sunlight ; merry brooks 
laugh with the trees that overshadow them, 
or, grown more quiet, mirror the sky and 
give back to the foliage above its own 
reflection made more beautiful as in a 

And in a dream the glories above, below, 
and within my castle would seem most real. 
No magician's wand could add to my en- 
chantment as I looked upon them. Even 
were eyes closed to the distant landscape 
and to the beauties within my walls, still the 
odor of flowers borne up by gentle breezes, 
and the soft music of fountains have a gift 
of sorcery all their own. 

So, looking and listening, and idly dream- 
ing, I would wait until the sun began to sink 
below the mountains in the west. I would 
watch the deep blue of the sky fading slowly 
away, and everywhere giving place to a 
soft red that makes the heavens burn with 
its glow. Then that, too, would leave the 
eastern sky only to deepen and strengthen 
the colors in the west where the sun is sink- 
ing in a flood of molten gold beneath the 
crimson canopy of the upper air. A few 
moments more and the purple and gold, and 
red around and above the snow-capped peaks 
would all vanish, and I would see the cold 
gray of the after-twilight coming on. 

A little later when Night has cast her 
star-gemmed mantle over all that land, I 
am looking at the same sun setting on 
the western world, where I am but the 
humblest of retainers and not lord of a 
" Castle in Spain." 




TCVERY man has his hobby. Whether he 
*-* be a lawyer busied with a large practice, 
a physician at the head of his profession, a 
minister in a varied and exacting parish, or 
a mechanic working from early morning 
until late at night, yet each one has some- 
thing aside from what is strictly necessary 
to his business, to which he willingly devotes 
his spare time and energy. 

To one man the broad and fertile fields 
of electricity offer abundant resources of 
interest and pleasure ; another finds the pro- 
gressive science of amateur photography a 
most fascinating study; still another delights 
in the collection of mineralogical or botani- 
cal specimens : and so all men are drawn, 
either by nature or the desire of profit, to 
some hobby, so-called. 

My hobby is the collection of books. 
This desire to accumulate books, had before 
I entered college scarcely made itself known 
to me. But however little I may have de- 
veloped otherwise, either mentally or physi- 
cally, I have, in this respect, developed won- 
derfully. Still my collection is barely a 
beginning as yet. I have scarcely the foun- 
dations of a model library. But it is exactly 
this which is the secret of a hobby's fascina- 
tion — the difficulties attendant on its attain- 
ment or completion. If any science or art 
could be wholly and quickly mastered, or 
any collection easil}' and completely made, 
all its attractiveness would disappear. It is 
the innate feeling of satisfaction which every 
man feels at surpassing all others in some 
branch, which has fostered hobbyism from 
remotest times. 

Twenty-five thousand dollars have been collected 
toward building the " Harvard House" in New York 
City. " Harvard House" will be a general club for 
Harvard men, and the entire expenditure on ground 
and building will be over $70,000. 

Verses on the Opening of a New 

O'er all the old familiar paths 

Again we walk together, 
Again commence the busy year 

Tn hazy autumn weather. 

We meet our last year's friends again, 
And talk o'er all our pleasures, 

Tor doings of the summer-time 
Are closely hoarded treasures. 

We visit each familiar place, 

Renew our old relations, 
Pick up again the broken thread 

Of former occupations. 

And so begins our college year. 

Bright days of summer ranging, 
Vacation's changeful, resting days, — 

For hours of work exchanging. 

And as we close another year 
Of mingled toil and pleasure, 

may we reckon up our gains 
In a still larger measure. 

In the Spring-time. 

My Muse is a Muse of the spring-time, 
And these are the days of the fall, 

So sad, so dark, and so gloomy 
They do not inspire her at all. 

Oh ! then let her be gay and joyous, 
And though out of season she sing, 

Let her utter the praises of spring-time 
And the pleasures that come in the spring. 

'Tis the time of zephyrs and violets, 
Whose odors are borne on the breeze ; 

'Tis the time of arbutus and verdure 
On trees, and smooth sunny leas ; 

'Tis the time when the birds sweetly warble, 
And their music floats forth on the air. 

'Tis the time when man's heart is gladest, 
When his mind is freest from care. 



'Tis the time of all Nature's rejoicing 
'Neath the jovial rays of the sun, 

'Tis the time that is eagerly longed for,— 
The time when Maine Hall shall be done. 

The Nervous Man's Complaint. 

In the stillness of the night, 
Trembling on the sleepy sight, 
Dance the full moon's glorious beams, 
As I lie so near to dreams. 

Suddenly I'm wide awake, — 
All the walls about me quake ! 
Can it be the storm's wild roar? 
'Tis the sonorous Soph next door. 

Silence soon resumes her reign ; 
Soon I'm near to dreams again ; 
Soon I start up from my bed 
To curse that banjo overhead. 

Finally the Fiend subsides. 

I will sleep, whate'er betides. 

Vain resolve ! There's worse in store,— 

My room-mate's regular, rasping snore. 

" Nature's sweet refresher," you 
So-called "balmy sleep," go to! 
Every hour some wild alarm ; 
Sleep at college has no balm, 

Or calm, — 

Or charm. 

Beside the Summer Sea. 

Beside the summer sea 

The skies are always fair; 
Life moves without a care ; 
And love is everywhere, 

Beside the summer sea. 

Beside the summer sea 

The bay wears Heaven's blue ; 

The friends we meet are true ; 

Old pleasures all seem new, 
Beside the summer sea. 

Beside the summer sea 

Old hearts are young again ; 
No chance is there for pain ; 
Love only thinks of gain, 

Beside the summer sea. 

Beside the summer sea 

The moon is wondrous bright; 
While all the stars of night 
Shed sweeter, tenderer light, 
Beside the summer sea. 

Beside the summer sea 
Time hurries on too fast, 
And buries in the past 
The sweets we would have last, 

Beside the summer sea. 

Tukey, '91, stopped in 
Brunswick recently on his 
way to Boston. 

Dudley and Mead, '94, are teaching 
at Pembroke. 

Stone, special, who played guard on 
last year's foot-ball team has returned to college 
and will undoubtedly fill his old position on the 

Haskell, formerly of '94, will enter '95. 
Webber, '95, arrived on the campus last week. 
Dana, '94, has returned from his vacation trip. 
Charles Hastings, '91, was seen in town recently. 

Lovejoy, '95, and Dewey, '95, have returned to 

Thomas H. Eaton, '69, was in chapel last 

Mr. Files is in London writing his thesis for the 
degree of Ph.D. 

Keller, of Yale, '92, addressed the Y. M. C. A. 
a week ago Sunday. 

Colby, who was here last year as a special, has 
come back for another year. 

The college catalogue for 1892-3 will probably 
appear about November first. 

Fabyan, '93, has returned from the White Moun- 
tains, where he has been spending the summer. 

The concrete dome on the Art Building is nearly 
finished. The rest of the walls are pretty well up. 



R. W. Mann, '92, was seen in Brunswick, Sunday. 

Judge John B. Redman was in chapel, Sunday. 
He was the guest of Professor Johnson. 

Hunt, '91, will serve as Assistant in Biology 
another year and continue his course in the Medical 

Nichols, '94, has returned after an absence of 
nearly a year. He will probably finish his course 
with '95. 

Hutchinson '93, who has been spending the 
summer at Poland Springs, rejoined bis class last 

The Faculty gave adjourns last Saturday, and 
a good many of the boys went home to make up 
their sleep. 

The cups won by the Bowdoin men in the inter- 
collegiate tournament last spring have been placed 
in the library. 

Brown, '96, who was unfortunate enough to injure 
his shoulder at foot-ball practice, will return to 
college shortly. 

Professor Little had a squad of Freshmen in the 
library recently, instructing them in the mystic lore 
of how to find a book. 

The foot-ball team is receiving blackboard 
demonstrations of the game. Capt. Carletou 
manipulates the chalk. 

Baldwin, '93, W. W. Thomas, Ross, '94, Board- 
man, and Stone accompanied the team to Exeter. 
Ross officiated as referee. 

President Hyde preached the sermon at the 
ordination of five graduates of Andover Theological 
Seminary at Farmington recently. 

The Faculty has sent a letter of congratulation to 
Lieutenant Peary, 77, on the successful accom- 
plishment of his exploring expedition. 

The foot-ball subscription list is remarkably full 
this year. It is a good sign as showing the increas- 
ing interest in this sport in the college. 

Prof, in German : " If Hans means John, what 
does Hanschen mean?" A bright Soul(e) among 
the Sophomores, suddenly inspired: "Johnson." 

The Sophomore French division is reading " Le 
Cid." The men are rejoicing over two unexpected 
adjourns, caused by the faulty draught of the 
omnipotent stove. 

Professor Robinson is the Junior class officer 
this year. Several signs have already been removed 
and pictures " turned toward the wall " in anticipa- 
tion of an early visit. 

Brown, '96, on account of his recent injury, 
tendered his resignation to the class as captain of 
the '96 foot-ball eleven. Smith was elected captain 
in his stead. 

At the first meeting of the Fraternity Club of 
Portland, held at the residence of Judge Putnam, 
'55, President Hyde read a paper on "The Church 
of the Future." 

The workmen still linger fondly round old 
Maine Hall. The wood-work has been oiled, and 
they have begun to oil the bricks, thus making the 
outside more presentable. 

Goodell, the Business Manager of the Orient, 
has resigned his position, and B. L. Bryant, '95, 
has been elected to take his place, Goodell taking 
the Personal Editorship. 

At a meeting of the Foot-Ball Association in 
Lower Memorial last Thursday, Bagiey, '94, was 
elected to fill the vacancy caused by Dana's resig- 
nation as second director. 

Says a recent alumnus : " I think the tribute to 
the beloved Whittier, published in a recent issue of 
the Orient, a credit to the Orient and its college. 
It speaks from the heart and is true." 

On account of the large size of the division 
taking Junior Biology, it has been divided for labo- 
ratory work into two parts, which take turns in 
remaining for the two hours' manipulation of the 

C. S. F. Lincoln, '91, returned to Brunswick, 
Sunday. He and Cilley, '91, have just returned 
from Germany. Charles says he hasn't had the 
cholera yet, but was run in as a cholera suspect on 
the Austrian frontier. 

The foot-ball team, on their return from Exeter, 
found a large crowd awaiting them. The surplus 
enthusiasm was expended in various yells and a 
huge bonfire in front of the chapel. Despeaux 
was not beard from. 

Linscott, '92, visited the campus recently. Hast- 
ings, '91, has also been spending a few days in 
Brunswick on his way to Johns Hopkins University, 
where he is taking a post-graduate course in History 
and Political Science. 

Howard of '93, Bliss, Briggs, Flood, DeMott, 
Smiley, Lord, Libby, and Merritt of '94, Badger, 
Boyd, Churchill, Bryant, and Woodbury of '95, and 
Bates, Clough, and Gilpatick of '96, attended the 
Y. M. C. A. Convention at Augusta. 

The Jury met a couple of weeks ago and or- 
ganized with Machan as foreman, and Chapin, A K E, 



Secretary ; the other members are Leigh ton, eax, 
Allen, Z *, Ingraham, * T, Wilbur, '94, Buck, uudev, 
Hicks, '95, Small, AA$,aud Bates, '96. They decided 
to suspend any man who shall hereafter interfere 
with the Freshmen. 

Constant additions are being made to the library 
both through gifts and by purchase. Among the 
larger gifts recently received, two are worthy of 
especial mention. The family of Rev. Calvin Chap- 
man, of Keunebunkport, have presented fifty valu- 
able volumes on Theology to the college, and Rev. 
E. H. Downing, D.D., of Davenport, Iowa, is the 
donor of a choice selection of works relating to the 
Episcopal church and its doctrines. 

The following alumni and visitors were present 
at the various fraternity initiations last Friday 
evening: A A <i>, Prof. Robinson, Prof. Moody; 
Thomas, '85; Spinney, '89; Packard, '91. 4KB, 
Burleigh, '87; Lane, '87; Cummings, '90; Smith, '91; 
Hanson, Colby, '95; Bearce, Colby, '95; Lamprey, 
Colby, '94. Z % Plummer, '87; Staples, '89; Thomp- 
son, Tolraan, Dunn, Spillane, '90; Erskiue, '91. 9A 
X, Ridlon, '91 ; Hodgdou, '92; Steinis, Brown, '90; 
Pattison, Tufts, '92. * T, Prof. Houghton, Giveen, 
'63; Dr. Ford, '85; Tolman, '88; Dr. Parker, '88; 
Allen, '90; Hunt, '91. 

All students who believed in the principles of 
the Democratic party were requested to meet last 
Thursday in Lower Memorial Hall to organize a 
Democratic Club. Between thirty and forty an- 
swered this call, and enthusiastically agreed to form 
such an organization. Mr. Bagley called the 
meeting to order, and a temporary organization was 
effected, composed of Bagley, Chairman, and In- 
graham, Secretary. A committee consisting of 
Plaisted, Clifford, and Stevens, was appointed to 
draw up a constitution and- call a future meeting 
for permanent organization. After listening to 
ringing speeches by Iugraham, Simpson, and 
Plaisted, the meeting adjourned with hearty cheers 
for Mr. and Mrs. Cleveland, and Miss Ruth. 

The foot-ball management reports that the 
annual subscription amounts to fully as much as 
was expected, and that they hope to collect the 
greater part of it at once. The expected trainer 
has not yet arrived, and there seems to be some 
doubt as to whether one will be obtained. Professor 
Whittier's untiring efforts in behalf of the team are 
having a marked effect, and Carleton's ability both 
as a player and captain are of course beyond dis- 
pute ; still, if the Association is financially able to 
get a coach, even for only a week or two, the team 

could not fail to be benefited thereby. The team 
will be composed of good material, and it seems 
only right that everything should be done to give 
them the best possible training. 

The subjects for the third themes of the terra 
are as follows: Juniors: 1. Bribery in Elections. 
2. What Advantage Do Open-Air Sports Have Over 
Gymnasium Work ? 3. The Death of Lord Tenny- 
son. Sophomores : J. The Significance of Colum- 
bus Day. 2. The Delta on a Fall Afternoon. 3. In 
What Ways Does a Good College Paper Benefit its 
College? Themes are due on or before Wednes- 
day, October 20th. 

Following is a list of the men initiated by the 
different fraternities last Friday: A A #, George C. 
DeMott, '94; J. S. Buniham, H. W. Coburn, R. W. 
Leighton, Earl H. Lyford, G. T. Ordway, J. E. 
Pearson, '90. A K E. A. Quiinby, '95; W. S. Ba ss 
T. D. Bailey, J. H. Bates, Chase Eastman, Preston 
Keyes, C. W. Marston, C. P. Merrill, J. C. Minot, 

E. R. Warren, e A x, Philip Dana, W. W. Fogg, 
A. A. French, C. M. Brown, A. G. Hebb, Robert 
Newbegin, R. E. Soule, C. T. Stone, z *, W. W. 
Robinson, Bert S. Willard, J. N. Haskell, F. C. 
Peaks, Henry Oakes. T -i, Charles A. Brown, Jr., 

F. C. Dane, Stirling Fessenden, J. H. Libby, H. W. 
Owen, Jr., H. H. Pierce, Fred B. Smith, J. B. 
Thompson, Walter M. Williams. 




Oct. 12— Boston English High School, at Brunswick. 

" 15— Colby, Brunswick. 

" 21 — West Roxbury Athletic, . . . Brunswick. 

" 22 — Andover Andover. 

" 26' — Boston Athletic, Boston. 

" 29— Tufts Brunswick. 

Nov. 5 — Colby, Waterville, 

or some other team, .... Brunswick. 

" 9— Tufts Boston. 

" 10— Boston University, Boston. 

" 11 or 12 Brown University Providence. 

Bowdoin, 26; Phillips Exeter, 4. 

On Saturday, October 1st, Bowdoin's foot-ball 
team played at Exeter its first game for the season 
and won a substantial victory, easily beating Exeter 
by a score of 26 to 4, and avenging its defeat of 
last fall. 



In the first half the Bowdoins scored 14 points 
on touchdowns by Stevens, Sykes, and Carleton, 
Carleton also kicking one goal. In the second half 
the Exeter men played a better game and, by hard 
rushes, Thomas, Exeter's captain, scored a single 
touchdown. Then came Bowdoin's turn again, and 
touchdowns were scored by Payson and Carleton, 
the latter kicking two goals. Then Thomas, by a 
long rush, carried the ball to within 10 yards 
of Bowdoin's goal, but was unable to make a 
touchdown. The score: 


Right End. 

Right Tackle. 

Right Guard. 


Left Guard. 

Left Taelde. 

Left End. 
Quarter Back 

Kimball, G. L 
Thomas, E. 



Half Hacks. 


Van Lengen. 
Smith, H. A. 
( Kent. 

< Thomas. 

( Gage. 

1 Connor. 

Touchdowns — Stev- 

Cavleton. Full Back. 

Score— Bowdoin, 26 ; Exeter, i 
ens, Carleton (2), Thomas, Sykes, Payson. Goals from 
Touchdowns — Carleton (3). Umpire— Ross, '94, Bowdoin 
College. Referee — Dr. Dixi Crosby. 

The playing of our team was excellent through- 
out, and showed that the eleven was made up of 
good material. From the results of this first game 
it is safe to predict that our record in foot-ball this 
year will be one to bring credit to the college. 
The work of the team seems to be appreciated by 
the college in general, as the Foot-Ball Association 
is receiving much better financial support than in 
years past. 

A careful estimate has been made of the expense 
necessary for playing the rest of the games which 
have been arranged, and it is believed that we shall 
come out square if every man pays his subscription. 
This should be attended to as soon as possible. 

'Ninety-five, 36; Brunswick High School, 10. 

This game was played on the delta, October 8th. 
After a good deal of unnecessary delay, owing to 
the inability to find men, a picked eleven from '95 
lined up against the Brunswick High School. 

'95 had the ball and formed a V. The ball was 
passed to Fairbanks, who, at the first rush scored 
a touchdown, from which a goal was kicked. The 
first half was twenty minutes, in which '95 scored 
twenty, while the Brunswicks were only able to 
get four. The next half added sixteen more to 
95's score and six to Brunswicks. For '95 the 
backs did good work, and Furbish and Dunning 

did excellent work for the Brunswicks. 
36-10. The teams lined up as follows: 



Brunswick High School. 









Left End. 
Left Tackle. 
Left Guard. 

Right Guard. 
Right Tackle. 

Right End. 
Quarter Back. 

Half Backs. 








J Dunning. 

/ Furbish. 


Full Back. 
Ross, '94, was referee, and Plaisted, '9<f, was 


Mr. F. A. Keller, Yale, '92, Traveling Secretary 
of the Students' Volunteer Movement for the pres- 
ent college year, spent Saturday and Sunday, Octo- 
ber 1st and 2d, with our Association. This was 
Mr. Keller's first visit of the season. From Bowdoin 
he went to New Brunswick, then he visits the col- 
leges of Canada, and on his return through Maine 
visits the other colleges of our State. He will spend 
the remainder of the college year in work amoug 
the colleges of the eastern part of the United States. 
His purpose in these visitations is to strengthen the 
volunteer bands already existing and to form new 
bands where none now exist. Two meetings were 
held while Mr. Keller was with us,— one Saturday 
evening and one immediately after chapel, Sunday 
afternoon. Mr. Keller is an earnest Christian, and 
being himself a volunteer for the foreign field, he 
feels the needs of the cause and presents these 
needs in a forcible and impressive manner. Al- 
though we have no volunteers here, and none were 
led, through Mr. Keller's influence, to pledge them- 
selves to go as missionaries to foreign lands, yet we 
feel that his visit has helped the Association by 
increasing our interest in missionary work as well 
as in leading us to do better work in our own Asso- 

Before this number of the Orient reaches its 
readers the State Convention will be a thing of the 
past. We are planning to send seventeen or 
eighteen men to Augusta to attend its meetings, 
and hope to greatly increase our knowledge of the 
best methods of Association work and to receive 
much spiritual good from the coming in- contact 
with earnest Christian men. 



'34.— Dr. Henry Grafton 
Clark, one of Boston's oldest and 
mostesteemed physicians, died Friday 
at Hyde Park. He was born in Arundel, 
now known as Kennebunkport, Me., May 
14, 18l4, and graduated at the Medical School of 
Maine in 1834. The same year he began practice 
in Boston, and continued until about two years 
ago. He was a very successful physician, and his 
ability was recognized by the city, which he 
served for twenty years as city physician. He 
also served in the Massachusetts General Hospital 
for twenty-five years, being contemporaneous with 
Drs. Warren, Bigelow, Cabot, and Bowditch. During 
the cholera epidemics of 1848-49 he had charge 
of the hospital where they were treated. He pub- 
lished a book on cholera and on yellow fever, and 
in the Boston Journal recently an interesting inter- 
view with him, describing the cholera past and 
present, was published. He was the first physician 
to define the difference between ship fever and 
yellow fever. 

'38. — Rev. Samuel Longfellow, the brother of 
the poet, died at the Maine General Hospital, 
October 3d. He was for some time a member of 
this college, but a non-graduate, going from here 
to Harvard. 

'68. — The marriage is announced of John A. 
Hinkley to Miss Minnie Tolford, a graduate of 
Wellesley. The marriage takes place Tuesday, 
October 11th. The bride and groom are both 
residents of Gorham, Me. 

70. — Alonzo G. Whitman has been appointed 
Professor of Biology in Chicago University. 

75. — Dr. Myles Standish has been appointed In- 
structor in Ophthalmology in the Harvard Medical 

77.— On September 26, 1892, Frank Hobert Har- 
graves married Miss Nellie Maria Lord, of West 
Buxton, Maine. Mr. and Mrs. Hargraves will live 
in West Buxton, where Mr. Hargraves has for sev- 
eral years been connected with the Saco River 
Woolen Company. 

'80. — The following is taken from a notice of 
A. M. Edwards in a Pittsfield paper : " In consid- 

ering the record of this latest year added to the 
history of our public schools, we desire to congrat- 
ulate the pupils, the teachers, and all citizens on 
having at the head of the school a real superin- 
tendent. Ayres M. Edwards has had one year in 
which to show his capabilities, and has acquitted 
himself most satisfactorily. He found the public 
schools running in an unsystematic and shiftless 
sort of a way, and quietly set to work to bring 
about the reform which he saw was so greatly 
needed. He has established a system and a stand- 
ard in the training school, under which none but 
thoroughly competent teachers can be graduated. 
Superintendent Edwards has raised the standard of 
scholarship as well as that of teaching, and the 
influence of his good work will long be felt. He has 
proven himself just the man for the place, and 
Pittsfield is to be congratulated that he is to con- 
tinue the position he fills so well." 

'85.— The ordination of Mr. F. W. Davis to the 
ministry, took place at Cumberland Centre last 
Friday afternoon. The sermon was by Professor 
Chapman of Bowdoin College. The installation 
services were in the evening with a sermon by Pro- 
fessor Sewall of Bangor Theological Seminary. 

'85. — Dr. Ford is assistant demonstrator of 
Histology in Boston University. 

'88. — A. C. Dresser has resigned his position as 
superintendent of schools in Rockland to accept 
the principalship of Bridgton Academy. 

'89.— M. L. Kimball has returned to his old home 
at Norway, Maine. 

'90. — Thomas S. Spillane was admitted to the 
bar of the Androscoggin S. J. Court, Saturday. He 
will occupy the former Savage & Oakes office in 
Savings Bank Block, Lewiston. 

'90. — George B. Chandler has resigned his posi- 
tion of head master of the Milford (Mass.) High 
School, to accept a position with the publishing 
house of Ginn & Co. He will have charge of a 
part of the high school work of New York State. 
His city address is 70 Fifth Avenue. 

'90.— Gilbert B. Littlefleld is editor of the Bid- 
deford Standard. 

'90. — W. E. Cummings is practicing medicine in 

'90.— O. W. Turner is at the Jefferson Medical 
College, Philadelphia, Pa. 

'92. — Parcher is teaching school at Biddeford 

'92.— C. L. Stacey is principal of the Princeton 
(Me.) High School. 



'91.— Lincoln and Cilley have just arrived home 
from Europe. They have heen hicycling on the 
continent all summer, and report a fine vacation. 
From a recent letter of Fes Lincoln's to one of the 
students, after brushing off the cholera bacilla (the 
letter is dated Dresden, September 9th), we make 
the following extract : " From Flushing, Holland, 
we went to Bruges, Belgium, a quaint, interesting 
old city. It was the first really old-time looking 
city we were in, although all the Dutch towns are 
old enough, and quaint in their way; and we 
enjoyed prowling round the little narrow streets. 
We have since seen a much fiuer specimen of a 
mediaeval town in Neuremberg. From Bruges we 
rode to Antwerp, where we were delayed for four 
days, as Jno. was laid up with a lame ankle. The 
gallery in Antwerp is fine, but as a city there is 
not much to see there. From Antwerp, as the Bel- 
gian roads were very bad, in the western part at 
least, we took the train to Landau in the province 
Liege, and from there had good roads. We rode to 
Achen, and from there to Coin, and the'n right up 
the Rhine to Coblenz, where we made a side trip 
up the "blue Mosel" to Trier, where are very inter- 
esting Roman ruins. From Coblenz we rode up 
the Rhine to Bingen, crossed the river to see the 
magnificent German National Monument which 
stands on a hill high above the river, and rode to 
Wiesbaden, and then back to Mainz. Carr and 
Arnold met us at Coblenz and staid with us some 
time, but they both had hired French wheels, and 
they did not work well at all, so they finally had to 
leave us. From Mainz we rode to Frankfort-on- 
the-Main, and from there over a fine old Roman 
road to Damstadt, and from there to Worms, 
thence to Heidelberg, then through Carlsruhe to 
Freiberg and up through the Schwarzwald to Titi 
See and St. Blasieu, and down the Alpthal to the 
Rhein, and along that to Basel, where we entered 
Switzerland. We made a tour of three weeks and 
covered a pile of territory. From Basel we rode 
to Bern, from Bern to Morat, and took boat for 
Neufchatel; rode to Lausanne and took boat to 
Geneva. We sent our wheels to Marhgrey and 
went up to Chamounix by train and stage, walked 
over two glaciers, Bossou and Mere de Glace; 
climbed two small mountains for the fine views, 
and then walked over the Col de Balin to Martigny 
in the Rhone valley. Went up the St. Bernard 
Pass and spent the night at the Hospice, and came 
back next day. Rode up the Rhone valley to Visp, 
left the wheels and tramped up to Zermatt. Spent 
the night on the Riffelberg, and climbed up the 

Gomergrat at three in the morning, and saw the 
sun rise from that point, the grandest sight I 
ever saw or ever expect to, in this world at least. 
You will get all this with affecting details when I 
get home. From Visp we had an almost continued 
coast of twenty-two miles, a pleasant part of the 
trip, and brought up at Altdorf, the town of William 
Tell, Esq., near the beautiful Lake Uri, a part of 
the Vierwaldstatte See. We rode the length of 
Lake Uri, nine miles, over the Axenstrasse, cele- 
brated for its beautiful views. From Brunnen took 
boat to Lucerne. Made a side trip to Interlaken 
and surrounding territory, and then rode through 
to Zurich and Constance, and came back into the 
good old Deuchland. Rode to Munich, via Ulm 
and Augsberg, thence to Neuremberg, and then 
here (Dresden). 

'92. — E. D. Osborne isprincipal of Conway(Mass.) 
High School. 

Knox College now has the youngest college pres- 
ident in the United States. 

Hark! Hark! They're on a lark. 
Collegians have come to town, 
Some with bags, and some with " jags," 
But none in cap and gown. 

— Brunonian. 

Amherst is to have new laboratories to cost 
$100,000. The building is to be delivered by the 
contractors on or before August 1, 1893. 

The course in the Harvard Medical School has 
been extended from three to four years, the change 
to go into effect this fall. 

After June, 1893, no one will be admitted to 
Harvard Law School without examinations. 

Yale has received over $2,000,000 in gifts and 
bequests during the past year. 

President John, of DePauw University, has the 
following to say to those entering college: "You 



must breathe tbe vivifying atmosphere of college 
if you would expaud in intellectual life. After all, 
the case rests with you. The professor is nothing 
to you unless you are something to him. Books 
will do nothing for you if you do not give to them 
in turn. Laboratories will be no better than your 
father's barns, if you are imprisoned within thera 
as the horse is tied to his stall." 

What a "razzle-dazzle" send-off some of the 
college papers give the opening of the college year. 
For instance, the local editor of the Delphic rids 
himself of his exuberance thusly : 


Rip! zah! rah! zoo! 

I'm an old one, who are you? 

New faces, perturbed, bashful. 

Old one anxious, eager, ! ! ! 's. 

" Have you seen the new profs? " 

"Such beautiful mustaches they have! " 

The Harvard Crimson urges the members of 
the two lower classes to start a reform at that 
university by ignoring the annual rush. It truth- 
fully says: " A rush consists of a childish hand-to- 
hand conflict between two sets of men, raising 
uproar and confusion for above an hour, disturbing 
the peace and attracting to the yard a crowd of 
muckers and loafers. " This same agitation is 
going on in many colleges as reformatory ideas 
are springing up. At Bowdoin the only " free 
fight," for that is what these cane rushes really 
are, is her horn concert, and the enthusiasm which 
was displayed this year in that discordant celebra- 
tion, goes to show that such things are on the 
wane at Bowdoin. 


Ere the merry foot-ball season, 

We are told of half-backs tall, 
And of mighty guards and tackles, 

Who will enter in the fall. 
And when spring-time with its verdure 

Gladdens all the landscape rouud, 
We are told that wondrous pitchers 

On our diamond will be found. 

Oh, it meets us on the campus, 

It is with us in the field, 
Unto it when in the class-room 

Recitations oft must yield. 
From it there is no escaping, 

To no refuge can we fly, 
For it is always with us, 

Is the omnipresent college lie. 

— Lehigh Burr. 

Ground has been broken at Hanover on the new 
athletic field presented to Dartmouth College by 
the alumni. 

By mutual agreement between all the faculty 
and officers of the University of Chicago now on 
hand, the uniform appellation of " Mr." has been 
adopted in mutual intercourse, thus doing away 
with all doubts and mistakes as to the proper title 
of any man connected with the institution. This is 
rather a socialistic idea for the new university to 
start in with. 


No money or pains have been spared in the 
selection and manufacture of 




It is the 


that can be made at any price. 

A combination of choicest Turkish, Perique, Virginia, 
and Havana. 



565 Congress St., - PORTLAND, ME. 

OUR / 0f Your Societ y Bac| g e wi| i be 

( Mailed to You through your 
NtW J Chapter upon Application. 


Manufacturers of Finest Plain and Jeweled Society Badges 

Wright, Kay & Co. 


Vol. XXII. 


No. 8. 





C. "W. Peabody, '93, Managing Editor. 

H. C. Fabyan, '93, Assistant Managing Editor. 

B. L. Bryant, '95, Business Manager. 

W. P. Chamberlain, '93. F. M. Shaw, '93. 

M. S. Clifford, '93. H. E. Andrews, '94. 

R. R. Goodell, '93. F. J. Libby, '94. 

F. W. Pickard, '94. 

Per annum, in advance, 
Single Copies, 

. $2.00. 
15 Cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applies, 
tion to the Business Manager. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Manager. Com. 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Rhyme and Reason Department should be 
sent to Box 1100, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should be sent to Box i, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post -Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 


Vol. XXII., No. 8.— October 26, 1892. 

Editorial Notes, 133 

Told in the Starboard Watch .135 

Delta Upsilon 138 

Rhyme and Reason: 

The Reason, 139 

From Our Point of View, 139 

Tennyson 139 

The Death-Watch, 139 

Collegii Tabula, 140 

Athletics 141 

Y. M. C. A., 144 

Personal 144 

College World 145 

^\V-Vf > % 

On October 21st the whole country 
kept holiday to celebrate the four hundredth 
anniversary of the coming of Columbus. 
Orators and poets glorified his name and 
apostrophized the magnitude of his work. 
The Church claims him as a religious en- 
thusiast, eager to bear the cross into new 
regions of the world and to spread the gospel 
among peoples unknown. The patriotism of 
the countries of his birth and his adoption, 
as well as of those which occupy the lands 
of his discovery hail him as a great inter- 
national hero, the forerunner of empire, the 
progenitor, though unawares, of liberty. 

Stronger than the claims of Religion 
and of Patriotism upon the memorj' of the 
great navigator is the claim of Education. 
Columbus was one of the leaders of that 
sublime awakening of thought in Europe 
known as the Renaissance. From the thrall- 
dom of impotent speculation and of super- 
stition, which bound -the scholars of the 
Middle Ages he was one of the first to break 
away. He set the example of doing and 
daring which thenceforth were to be the 
ruling principles of scientific investigation 
that should revolutionize the learning and, 
through the learning, the civilization of the 

It was therefore eminently fitting that 



the schools of the country should lead in the 
celebration of this anniversary. Let religion 
be promoted by remembrance of the faith 
which led the daring sailor through untold 
hardships to the accomplishment of his pur- 
pose. Let patriotism be awakened by 
thoughts of the glorious country that he has 
given to us. But above all let his life-work 
be remembered as the spirit and the sym- 
bolism of modern learning which has to do 
not so much with the search among the 
crumbling ruins of antiquity as with the 
crossing of unknown seas and the discovery 
of new worlds. 

TTBOUT two weeks ago Mr. Crocker, a 
J *■ former Amherst captain, came to coach 
our eleven. A marked improvement was 
almost immediately noticed. The greatest 
gain probably has been made in blocking, 
something in which we have always been 
weak. The improvement was first observed 
in the Colby game, when not much strength 
was wasted in going through the line because 
such enormous gains could be made round 
the ends, the runner being guarded in the 
most artistic manner. 

However much we may deplore the neces- 
sity for salaried trainers in college athletics, 
it is nevertheless certain that no college 
which pretends to put a team of any kind 
in the field can do without a coacher; and, 
since the best coachers command high pay, it 
is usually necessary to pay for the training 
of the team, or put up with inferior and 
desultory coaching, which no college that 
expects to make a show in athletics can afford 
to do. 

A writer in the Harvard Graduates' Mag- 
azine, commenting upon the loss of athletic 
prestige at Harvard, clearly shows that what 
the university has lacked for its teams is 
coachers who would devote their entire time 
to the service ; in other words the right men 
under sufficient salaries to provide for a more 

thorough and systematic instruction. What 
Mr. Camp has done for Yale perhaps Mr. 
Cumnock could accomplish for Harvard, but 
it can be expected only when he makes a 
like specialty of the work, — when he be- 
comes practically professor of foot-ball at 

If Bowdoin is to take a permanent stand 
in foot-ball among the colleges of her rank, 
it seems almost imperative that some stable 
arrangement should be made by which a 
coacher of known ability can commence work 
with the team in the beginning of the fall 
term. If the trainer could be engaged the 
season before, or better still, if a more per- 
manent contract could be made by which he 
could be depended upon from year to year, 
much delay and uncertainty would be pre- 
vented, and the results would be worth the 

TT IS said that there is some hope of a 
*■ Senior Vacation this year in case the 
Junior class consents to change the date of 
Ivy Day to make the time of the two "vaca- 
tions identical. This it would seem is the 
only solution of the difficulty, since the Fac- 
ulty evidently intend to crowd the maximum 
of work into every term. It is in effect a 
shortening of the vacation \>y about a week. 
The Juniors will probablysee it for their inter- 
est to make this change, and by modifying the 
existing order of things preserve for them- 
selves and other classes the time-honored 
Senior Vacation. 

TIJHE recent establishment at Bowdoin of 
•^ a chapter of the semi-secret fraternity 
Delta Upsilon makes our list of Greek-letter 
societies six. An attempt was made in 1857 
to found a chapter of D. U. here, but with 
poor success. The chapter never took in 
but twenty-four men. These were from four 
classes. It expired in 1862, either on account 
of the war, as our contributor suggests, or, 



as is more probable since it seems to have 
ceased increasing before the war commenced, 
it never gained a sufficient foothold in the 
college to stand up against the other societies. 
Even in its short existence, however, there 
were names on its roll that any society might 
have been proud of. The outlook for the 
new chapter is certainly more encouraging 
than that of its progenitor, as judged by its 
early fate. Although we do not believe in 
the wisdom of starting a new chapter here, 
yet, with men of energy and ability, it will 
probably be able to continue its organization 
if the college increases every year and no new 
factor enters into the problem. As a large 
proportion of the chapter consists of men 
who have just entered college it is impossi- 
ble as yet to predict much concerning its 
strength. There is some doubt,, moreover, 
whether it has the field to itself. If another 
baby makes its appearance this year we 
rather expect to see a struggle for existence, 
as there is hardly enough milk in the bottle 
for two. 

We hope the older fraternities will give 
the new comer a fair show. The D. U.'s 
intend to meet others on the footing of 
gentlemen and should receive a like gentle- 
manly consideration. The Freshmen have 
already done the right thing in giving the 
new chapter the compliment of Class Presi- 
dent. The other classes should see that it 
is given a just share of the honors. If it is 
really going to exist here among us let it be 
one of us. 

TN LOOKING over the foot-ball news of 
-■■ the country we keep running across fa- 
miliar names. The name of Hastings ap- 
pears as left guard on Brown. As we 
understand that Bob is taking a post-grad- 
uate course at Brown, we take it for granted 
that his researches are of an athletic nature. 
Our friends will find him the same invincible 

in the line as he was on Bowdoin's firstfoot- 
ball team. 

Harvard always had a fancy for Tukey, 
'91, so upon seeing his name on the list of 
Harvard's first eleven, as left tackle, we 
cannot suppose otherwise than that "Tuke," 
notwithstanding his hesitation, has consented 
to run over from the Medical School occa- 
sionally to help the boys out. 

That is not all. Noticing that West 
Point had a team in the field, we looked 
to see if our old classmate Stacy was true 
to his calling, for, though he has been a 
military man only a few months, he was a 
foot-ball player always. We were not sur- 
prised to see his name. He is playing 
Right End for Uncle Sam. We can imagine 
him in the thickest of the fray, always in 
the vicinity of the ball, and can almost hear 
again the familiar "daown," which, about here, 
used to be synonymous with "first down for 
Bowdoin." Truly our strong men are in 

Told in the Starboard Watch. 

1T7HE sun has dropped hazily beneath the 
-*• horizon, leaving behind him a glow of 
rich, red and gold that betokens a pleasant 
day to-morrow; over there in the east a 
timid flush of light shows where the lovely 
Night Queen is delaying, ere she comes forth to 
hold court over this little sphere ; the stars 
come into sight, one by one, as if responding 
to some celestial roll-call ; and over the sea 
has fallen that gentle, and almost awful, 
serenity of grandeur which follows a fair 
sunset. As we, my friend and myself, stand 
on the quarter-deck of the big ice-laden 
schooner, watching, with thoughtful eyes, 
the sublime picture, and noting the regular 
rise and fall of our jib-boom, as we glide over 
the swelling bosom of the Atlantic, no sound, 
save the harsh creaking of blocks and the 
moan of the wind through the taut cordage, 



breaks upon the silence of Nature. For a 
few moments even the strident voice of the 
first officer, who is getting the vessel into 
shape for the night, is strangely softened, 
and the 'fore-the-mast hands do their duties 
with but little of their ringing sea-song and 
wonted joviality. 

Suddenly, however, a commotion arises 
forward, and, in a moment, a stalwart son of 
Norway comes swinging aft to take his " trick " 
at the wheel. He takes his place and repeats 
the series of growls uttered by his prede- 
cessors, which proves to be our course on 
this tack (south-east by east, one-half east), 
and, in another second, "eight bells" is 
ringing out from the big bell at the main- 
mast foot. We landsmen consult our time- 
pieces as the starboard watch comes noisily 
on deck, and find that, as they would say in 
Boston, it is 8 o'clock p.m. 

With a cordial "Good-night, gentlemen," 
the captain goes below to his cabin to seek 
his well-earned repose. The first officer 
comes aft, takes a look aloft, cast another 
astern, glances sharply at the compass in the 
glowing binnacle, mutters something about 
the wind, and greeting us nervously as we 
sit on the house, smoking, goes hurriedly 
forward to have "that blankety, blank, 
blank, spanker tops'l set straight." 

With his departure my friend and I fall 
to dreaming, and our thoughts stray back- 
ward to our old school and college friends. 
And we wonder where they all are, and 
what they are doing; if Jack X. is married 
yet; whether or not Tom J. still teaches a 
country school and wears his hose the year 
round like a through train, " without change"; 
or if "the Count" is rolling in wealth and 
children ; and if Fred is yet mayor of the 
Windy City. 

Thus we muse till my companion says 
abruptly: "You remember Billy Moody. 
Did I ever tell you of his life at the M- 

University ? No ? Well, get a fresh Garcia 
and I'll tell vou about him now." 

With a fragrant weed we curl down in 
the lea of the after house, and my friend 
proceeds with his narrative. 

" Although Billy Moody was not in your 
class, Tom, you, of course remember him. 
You recall how magnificently he took many 
a 'dead' in the class-room, and how splen- 
didly his athletic form showed up in the 
' gym.' Billy was not a smart scholar, but 
his brain was one of the brightest, and his 
heart the truest of the many good men sent 
forth from our Alma Mater. 

"When Billy was in his Senior year, and 
was gayly toying with the mysteries of 
Psychology and ' Poly Con,' he was in the 
very prime of his muscular development. 
He looked an Apollo Belvedere in the flesh; 
and he was as good and true and as gentle 
and brave as he was strong and agile. Billy 
did not neglect his studies, but his brain was 
intensely active, and, like all men of a highly 
nervous temperament, he hated to be bound 
by the narrow limits of a book cover. So 
he did considerable ' sliding ' in his class 
work, while his general knowledge on many 
subjects was broad and valuable. 

"Billy was not a 'ladies' man,' and he 
did not seek the company of femininity in 
general, but in his Junior year he became 
fatally, yes, fatally, in love with Miss Isabel 
Whittredge, whom you well remember as 
the belle of our little college town. 

" But, although Billy was handsome, and 
could be a brilliant conversationalist when 
he chose, Miss Whittredge did not fancy him, 
and, in fact, on several occasions openly 
snubbed him. This was torture to a man of 
his disposition, but, notwithstanding a galling 
sense of defeat and humiliation, he struggled 
blindly on. 

"Thus things went on for a year, Billy 
doing his best to win his lady's regard, and 
getting horribly snubbed therefor. At last 
a climax was reached. He and I were one 
day strolling through a sylvan 'lovers' lane,' 
a place much frequented by towns-people 



and students, when, as we were seated on a 
log by the roadside, breathing great draughts 
of the spicy aroma of the pines, we heard 
voices near at hand. We were seated a few 
feet from the pathway, where we could 
plainly see the passers-by but could not, in 
turn, be readily noted by them. 

"We sat still, therefore, and, in a mo- 
ment, Miss Whittredge and a lady friend 
came sauntering slowly by, engaged in earn- 
est conversation. 

"Billy's big hand gripped my arm hard, 
and we sat silently aud listened till they had 
passed out of hearing. Miss Whittredge 
was talking in unguarded tones in evident 
reply to some remark made by her friend. 

'"Well, I don't care,' she was saying, 
'some men make me tired. There's that Mr. 
Moody, for instance. He is absplutely good 
for nothing but feats of strength. A mere 
magnificent brute. All muscle and no brain. 
I declare, I fairly despise such creatures.' 

"I was completely paralyzed, and dared 
not look at Billy. Finally I felt his grasp 
loosen, and, turning, I looked into a face 
that I shall never forget, so full was it of 
agony and reproach and utter hopelessness. 

"'Let's go, Tom,' he said in a moment, 
and, as we walked slowly homeward, he 
spoke not a word. When we had reached 
the seclusion of our room at the college 
'end' I would have burst forth with a 
tempest of invective against the thoughtless 
woman, but Billy stopped me. 

'"Not a word, my boy,' said he, very 
gently but very firmly. ' It's hard, but I mean 
to show her that my strength is good for 
something, and give the lie to her words. 
Oh, my God, Tom ! 'a magnificent brute';'" 
and then he bowed his handsome head on 
the table top and there I left him. 

"It was Wednesday of the week preced- 
ing Commencement, just a month from the 
time of our unhappy eavesdropping episode 

in the woods. On this Wednesday after- 
noon, just as Miss Isabel Whittredge stepped 
into her brougham at her house on Gay 
Street, on her way up town, Billy Moody 
left No. 10 South Smith Hall on his way 
down town. 

" The brougham, with its fair occupant, 
drew slowly along till it reached the point 
where the tracks of the M. N. & O. R. R. 
cross the street. You remember the place ; 
the short deep cut, and the sharp curve at 
the end of it. Well the brougham had just 
gotten fairly on to the tracks when down went 
the road gate with a bang, preventing the 
forward passage of the vehicle, while at the 
same instant the 6.15 express whistled in, 
just east of the curve. 

" The gate you remember is controlled 
from the signal tower one hundred yards 
away down the track, and the signal man 
with his other duties did not notice the en- 
trapped carriage. But Billy, just coming 
over the hill, had seen it and dashed to the 

"The coachman turned his horses half 
round and lashed them furiously, thinking 
to thus return the way he came, when crash ! 
The rear wheels of the brougham had stuck 
fast in the track grooves, and the sudden 
furious spring of the horses had broken the 
forward axle in two, thus clearing the front 
wheels and seat from the track, but leaving 
the body of the affair stuck fast in the path 
of the on-coming train. 

" The coachman was dragged down the 
road by the infuriated animals. Few people 
were on the quiet old street and only Billy 
dashing madly on saw the danger. 

" Miss Whittredge struggled wildly to 
get a door open, but in vain. In tipping, 
the whole carriage had been so strained and 
wrenched that both doors and windows held 

" The express rolled on. The engineer 
whistled and made every endeavor to stop 



the heavy coaches; but the distance was too 
short and the train slid swiftly and merci- 
lessly over the slippery rails. 

"And now where was Billy? Ah, never 
fear for him. With tremendous leapshe gained 
the track, took in the situation instantly, and 
stopping for naught stepped directlj' in front 
of the approaching express and bent low by 
the brougham. One mighty effort, such as 
only he out of all his fellows could have 
called forth, and with one heave of those 
sinewy arms the brougham was sent rolling 
from the track bearing within Miss Whitt- 
redge, fainting and bruised, but saved from 
a fearful death. 

" But alas for that brave heart that so 
nobly rescued her. In that tremendous 
throw he lost his balance and fell on his 
knees. When half turning to rise, and dazed 
by the uproar of it all, the pilot of the loco- 
motive struck out the life from that manly 
body, and laid him lifeless on the bank full 
ten rods away. 

" There we found him a few seconds later. 
Not a cut or scratch on him. Only an ugly 
black mark on the right temple to show how 
he met his death. 

" Ahem ! how the fog fills one's eyes and 
throat, Tom. Well, we took him up tenderly 
and only I knew that in his death he was 
happiest, and only I could account for the 
emtroubled look which the dear dead face 

" I never saw Miss Whittredge again. 
Two years ago she was still single and " — 
"Eight bells, sir," repeats the man at the 
wheel, and again, ding-ding, ding-ding, ding- 
ding, ding-ding, peals out the big voice at 
the main-mast. 

My friend ceases speaking. After a pause 
of some minutes he says, "Come, let's turn 
in, it's twelve o'clock," and therewith de- 
scends to his state-room. I look above. The 
glow in the west has gone ; the silver moon 
now hangs high overhead ; the breeze is 

freshening, and out astern rolls a wake of 
phosphorescent flame marking our passage 
over the crystal wave-world. And as I look 
musingly at these gifts of the Creator to 
man, my heart dwells on those sweet lines 
of the poet, 

" The bravest are the tenderest, 
The loving are the daring." 

A slight bustle forward ; the starboard 
watch is going below. The second officer 
gives me a cheery " Good-morning, Sir," as 
he steps to the quarter-deck, and taking the 
hint, I, too, go down for my " watch below." 

Delta Upsilon. 

TTFHE fifty-eighth annual convention of the 
■^ Delta Upsilon Fraternity, held with the 
Colby Chapter, at Waterville, Me., October 
12th, 13th, and 14th, afforded a grand oppor- 
tunity to secure a charter for a Bowdoin 
chapter. A splendid programme was carried 
out in Waterville, participated in by distin- 
guished D. U. men, among whom were Pres- 
idents E. Benjamin Andrews, of Brown, 
and Beniah L. Whitman, of Colby. 

The Convention rejected Swathmore, 
advised Chicago University to wait a year, 
and received Bowdoin into fellowship. The 
Bowdoin Chapter died grandly in 1861, 
when she gave her gallant sons to the war 
of 1861-5. 

Among the alumni of the old chapter 
we have the Hon. E. P. Loring, president of 
the Boston Bowdoin Alumni Association, 
who strongly recommended the Convention 
to restore the Bowdoin charter. 

The Convention adjourned from Water- 
ville via Lewiston and Poland Springs to the 
Falmouth House, Portland, on Friday even- 
ing, October 14th, where 125 Delta Upsilon 
men came together for an excellent time. 

The Bowdoin men were initiated early 
in the evening, and later the Falmouth served 
one of her best banquets. 



Delegates and graduates from the fol- 
lowing colleges and universities participated: 
Williams, Union, Hamilton, Amherst, Adel- 
bert, Colby, Bowdoin, Rochester, Middle- 
bury, Rutgers, Brown, Colgate, New York, 
Cornell, Marietta, Syracuse, Northwestern, 
Michigan, Harvard, Wisconsin, Lafayette, 
Columbia, Lehigh, Tufts, De Pauw, Minne- 
sota, Technology. 

Maine's greeting to the Fraternity was 
given in a choice speech by the Hon. E. F. 
Webb, Colby, '60. Other entertaining 
speakers responded to toasts, and all 
regretted the absence of U. S. Attorney- 
General W. H. H. Miller, Harvard, '61, in 
response to "The Statesman of To-morrow." 

The Bowdoin initiates were : H. E. 
Bryant, Charlie E. Merritt, James E. Lom- 
bard, A. U. Ogilvie, George C. Littlefield, 
'94; A. G. Axtell, II. B. Russ,"95; H. R. 
Blodgett, Robert O. Small, J. Edwin Frost, 
Howard Gilpatric, O. Perley Ward, Her- 
bert O. Clough, Ernest M. Davis, Samuel 
Ackley, '96. H. L. McCann, '93, is a member 
of the Colby Chapter. 

Delta Upsilon is founded upon Dikia 
Upotheka; strives for mutual benefit for 
her members, fraternal and harmonious good- 
fellowship for all. 

The Reason. 

Heavy eyelids, 

Looks disgusted, 
Lots of students 

Broke and busted; 
" Deads " abounding, 

Prof.'s astonished, 
" Tbink some men must 

Be admonished ;" 
Nightly crowds in 

Shipping city, 
" Kirmess," — that tells 

Why this ditty. 

From Our Point of View. 

If, when Columbus sailed the seas, 

He'd moved a trifle faster, 
More grateful, on our bended knees, 

We'd reverenced the great master. 

As 'twas his slowness made the fete 

In honor of him tardy; 
On Friday we did celebrate, 

While Thursday was our hard day. 


Beyond the bare, brown, distant fields 
The autumn sun sinks to his rest; 
His brilliant glories stain the west, 

Then fade, and day to darkness yields. 

On withered life and withered leaf 

The gaze has rested through the day; 
Now idle tears are wiped away, 

At sunset comes a deeper grief. 

So slowly sank the mighty light 

That on men's hearts its radiance shed; 

The light that quickened life is dead, 
And on men's hearts there steals a night. 

The Death-Watch. 

In an old and stately mansion 

There's a chamber large and low, 
Where I slept, and played and studied, 

Many, many years ago. 
And as children often wonder 

When something is not understood, 
Much I marveled at a sound, 

Never ceasing, in the wood, 
Where ticking, ticking, through it all, 
I heard the death-watch in the wall. 

Children born within that room. 

As the hurrying years have fled, 
Have ever heard the mystic sound. 

In each low wall and overhead. 
And when the still and sheeted form 

Lay on the curtain'd white bed there, 
And all else was hushed and silent, 

Save a mourner's sob or prayer, 
Still ticking, ticking, through it all, 
Was heard the death-watch in the wall. 

In each house there is a chamber, 
Be that mansion mean or fair, 



Where that ceaseless sound is heard. 

By each one who enters there 
In the day or in the night-time. 

Be earth's changes what they will, 
While on earth still human life is, 

Mortal ear must hear alway, 
Sounding its warning tick through all, 
The solemn death-watch in the wall. 

On the morning of 
Columbus Day, Professor 
Wells delivered an interesting address 
on Columbus in the chapel. There 
was no general observance of the day 
in the college, but all the classes were 
given adjourns and many took advantage of this 
opportunity to visit out of town. 
Stacy, '92, was in town last week. 
Jenks, '93, has returned to college. 
Colby, special, has returned to college. 
Brown, '96, returned to college last Wednesday. 
Croswell, '91, made the college a short visit last 

Mahoney, '9J , was among those present at the 
Bowdoin-West Roxbury game. 

The Orient extends its sympathy to McCaun, 
'93, whose father died October 19th. 

A verdant Freshman was recently heard to in- 
quire if the "Congo" was the African church. 

The Sophomore French division have finished 
"Le Cid," and are now reading Corneille's "Le 

President Hyde has a paper in the Educational 
Review for October, outlining a logical organization 
of American education. 

Flagg, '94, has been elected Bugle editor by the 
non-society men, to take the place of Bryant, who 
has joined the A T Fraternity. 

So many of the students went home, Friday, to 
stay over Sunday, that nearly all the classes re- 
ceived adjourns Saturday forenoon. 

Brown, '96, who was obliged to be absent from 
the regular initiation, was initiated into the Psi 
Opsilon Fraternity, last Friday night. 

Professor Hutchins recently gave the Juniors an 
opportunity to study the sun through the large tel- 
escope, in place of the regular recitation. 

The John Thomas Opera Company gave the 
"Village Doctor " in the Town Hall last week. A 
large delegation from the college attended. 

Hastings, '90, is playing guard on the Brown 
University foot-ball team, and Tukey, '91, is one of 
the promising candidates for the Harvard eleven. 

Flagg, '94, has left college temporarily to take 
charge of a school in Princeton. He will return 
during the winter term. Thayer, '95, fills his place 
in the library. 

Professor Chapman delivered an address, Colum- 
bus Day, before the Maine Historical Society in 
Portland. President Whitman, of Colby, was also 
among the speakers. 

The foot-ball game, scheduled between the 
Boston English High School team and the Bowdoin 
eleven, was declared off owing to the failure of the 
Boston team to appear. 

Not content with soaking unwary Freshmen, one 
of ninety-five's leaders recently succeeded in duck- 
ing a couple of upperclassmen. The experiment 
did not prove a success. 

The foot-ball management were fortunate enough 
to secure the services of Mr. Crocker, an old Amherst 
player, as coach, and under his training a decided 
improvement in the work of the team is already 

Work on the exterior of the Art building is 
progressing rapidly, and before the snow flies the 
out-of-door work will doubtless be completed. The 
improvements in Maine Hall are also nearing com- 

The Colby team was accompanied by quite a 
number of Colby undergraduates, many of them 
A T men, who were returning from the initiation 
of the new Bowdoin Chapter, held in Portland, the 
evening before. 

One of the Orient editors was recently detected 
wearing a hat belonging to a member of the Faculty. 
It seems the fit was so good that the Professor had 
to make out a strong argument before the journalist 
could be convinced of his mistake. 

Nearly all the foot-ball games of the season are 
to be played at home and no better chance of 



trying all new yells which may be proposed could be 
had. If you can think of any don't be backward 
about proposing them and having them tried. 

The Freshman foot-ball team is practicing regu- 
larly and is showing considerable improvement. 
The date for the Sophomore-Freshman game should 
be fixed upon at once. It should also be decided 
without delay whether or not 'Varsity men shall 
play on class teams. 

The Faculty, at a recent meeting, reconsidered 
their decision to do away with the accustomed 
Senior Vacation, and finally decided to allow the 
Seniors the usual two weeks, provided the Junior 
class agrees to have its Ivy and Field-Day exercises 
during that time. 

The Stockbridge course of entertainments in 
Portland opens this week. The list of attractions 
is unusually attractive and include such talent as 
Paderewski, New York Symphony, and several 
operas. The Maine Central Railroad offers half 
fare to all holding tickets. 

The foot-ball season is here, but a good college 
yell has not yet put in its appearance. This sub- 
ject has been mentioned so often by the Orient 
that we hesitate to speak of it again. It seems 
strange that out of two hundred men not one has 
the ability or interest to propose a new yell. 

The architect of the new Scientific building was 
in town last week and looked over the proposed 
site of the building. A preliminary draft of the plans 
has been received. It provides for a structure 
of brick and stone, three stories in height, and cov- 
ering more ground than any building on the campus 
with the exception of the library. 

The usual number of Freshmen called at the 
library week before last for grand stand tickets for 
Topsham Fair. Much to their disappointment Tri- 
angle did not trot owing, doubtless, to the absence 
of Professor Moody from town. The Freshmen 
did not even have the consolation of adjourns, but 
in place of mathematics were obliged to substitute 
additional work in French. 

At a meeting of the College Democratic Club, 
held last Wednesday evening, the report of the 
Committee on Constitution and By-Laws was 
accepted. The following officers were elected : 
President, W. H. Ingraham ; Vice-President, Bag- 
ley and Plaisted, '94 ; Secretary, Clifford, '93 ; 
Treasurer, Doherty, '95. Executive Committee 
Officers, Stevens, Simpson, and Libby, '94. Speeches 
were made by Ingraham and Haskell, '95. 

Considering the lateness of the season the ten- 
nis courts the past two weeks have been well filled. 
While the Freshmen apparently have no crack 
players there are several men in the class, who, 
with proper training, ought to make valuable men. 
Colby already has men in active training for next 
season's tournament and expects to make a better 
showing than she did this. Pettigrew, '95, won the 
championship at Bates this fall, but, unless he 
improves greatly, will not be dangerous to our men 
next spring. 

If a foot-ball game could be arranged with Dart- 
mouth, Amherst, or Williams, it would awaken more 
interest in the students than" any number of games 
against second-rate teams can possibly do. We 
have this year as strong an eleven as any of these 
colleges with the exception of Amherst, and would 
stand a good chance of wiping out some old scores. 
As far as the financial aspect is concerned, the 
undergraduates would willingly raise a good-sized 
sum if the game could be played in Brunswick. 

It will be remembered that the Maine Interschol- 
astic Athletic Association held its first field-day 
here last spring, and that the contest for first place 
lay between the Brunswick High School and Bridg- 
ton Academy. In the Interscholastic games between 
Norway, Bridgton, Hebron, and Gould Academies, 
held week before last, Bridgton had to be content 
with fourth place, Hebron taking the lead easily. 
Professor Whittier was referee, Bucknara, '9-"5, 
French, '95, and Wiley, '95, served as judges. 
French and Smith, '96, were also in attendance. 


Bowdoin, 56; Westbrook Seminary and 2d Eleven, 0. 

Wednesday afternoon, October 12th, a game was 
advertised between Bowdoin and the English High 
School of Boston, on the home grounds, but for 
some reason the Boston men were not able to come 
and so the eleven from Westbrook Seminary was 
sent for. 

At three o'clock the respective elevens lined up, 
Bowdoin having the lower goal and ball. They 
started with the customary V. Payson took the 
ball twenty yards. Then Carleton made a good gain, 
and Payson again having the ball took it over for a 
touchdown. Time one and one-half minutes. 
Carleton kicked a goal. 6-0. W. S. after gaining 



at first lost the ball and Fairbanks got a touchdown 
from beyond the center of the field. No goal. 
Time five minntes. 10-0. When Bowdoin next 
obtained the ball, Kimball was given the ball and 
after advancing ten or fifteen yards, he passed it to 
Carleton who got a touchdown and goal. 16-0. At 
this point Bryant and Hebb, both of Bowdoin, were 
substituted on the W. S. as right tackle and left 

W. S. started with a V, and by good rushes 
brought the ball to Bowdoiu's twenty yard line, the 
farthest they got in the game. Here Bowdoin held 
tbem, and Fairbanks taking the ball made the best 
run of the game and scored a touchdown. Goal. 

Soon Fairbanks got another touchdown from 
which a goal was kicked. Score, 28-0. 

W. S. was forced to punt, and Carleton, catching 
the ball, made a touchdown and goal. 34-0. 

After W. S. lost the ball it was passed to Sykes 
who made a fine rush of forty yards. 

Carleton followed it up with another of twenty 
yards, and Payson got a touchdown. Goal. 40-0. 

Time was called with the ball on Bowdoius' 
twenty-five-yard line. 

In the next half, Crocker, the Bowdoin's coach, 
and Stuhbs, of Bowdoin, were substituted as half- 
backs on the W. S., and May on Bowdoin, as left 

Buck took Payson's place. 

W. S. gained fifteen yards by the V, but after- 
ward fumbled the ball and Ridley getting it ran 
fifteen yards. Tben after rushes in turn by Fair- 
banks, Stevens, Carleton, Buck, and Stevens, Carle- 
ton got a touchdown. Five minutes. Goal. 46-0. 

Here was the work of the coach and the men 
substituted noticeable, but the first eleven was too 
much for them. 

After Bowdoin obtained the ball Carleton took 
it thirty yards, and Buck fifteen, and then the ball 
was lost on downs, but it was regained before W. S. 
got far and Carleton got a touchdown and goal. 

W. S. gained fifteen yards by the V but lost the 
ball on the downs. And Carleton took it for rushes 
of forty and twenty yards, and Buck got a touch- 
down. No goal. 56-0. 

Time was called after W. S. had advanced the 
ball a little by the V. 
The teams lined up as follows: 

Bowdoin. Westbrook Seminary and 2d Eleven. 

Qnimby, Left End. Stanchfield, May. 

Stevens, Lett Tackle. Hallet. 

Bates, Left Guard. Huston, Hebb. 

Dennison, Center. Coombs. 

Stone, Right Guard. Lord. 

Kimball, Right Tackle. Morgan, Bryant. 

Ridley, Right End. Willard. 

Fairbanks, Quarter Back. Ricker. 

Sykes, j r. H .. B k J Robinson, Emery. 

Payson, Buck, } 1. ±la11 BacKS - j Merrill, Crocker. 

Carleton, Full Back. Emery, Stubbs. 

Referees — Crocker, Payson. Umpire — Ross. Touch- 
downs— Payson (2), Fairbanks (3), Carleton (4), Buck (1). 

Bowdoin, 56; Colby, O. 

At 2.40 p.m., Saturday, October 15th, Bowdoin 
lined up against Colby. Bowdoin had the ball and 
the upper goal. The customary V was formed and 
Carleton rushed forty yards. Carleton again made 
a gain and Buck scored a touchdown. Time, 1 
minute. Carleton kicked the goal. Score, 6 to 0. 
Colby then bad the ball and made five yards by the 
V and then lost the ball on downs. Carleton took 
the ball for fifteen yards and Buck got another 
touchdown. Time, 5 minutes. Goal. 12-0. 

Colby started again with the ball but was forced 
to punt. The ball was caught by Sykes and carried 
over the line. Goal. 18-0. 

Colby lost the ball on downs, and when Bowdoin 
had it there was a bad fumble made somewhere. 
But Carleton soon got a tonchdowD from the center 
of the field. No goal. Score, 22-0. Colby was 
held well, and was forced to punt. Quimby caught 
the ball and made a fine rush, and Carleton scored 
a touchdown and goal. 28-0. 

Colby again started with the V and gained five 
yards. Robinson added five yards more, but Bow- 
doin held them and they were forced to punt. 
Carleton caught the ball but was able to gain only 
five yards. Then Stevens took the ball 15 yards. 
Stubbs, 20 yards, then "a rush by Kimball, and a 
criss-cross by which Sykes gained 15 yards, and 
Carleton got a touchdown. Goal. 34-0. 

Robinson gained 25 yards with the V, but Bow- 
doin held them for four downs, and then by rushes, 
by Buck and Kimball, carried the ball into Colby's 
ground. Time was called with the ball on Colby's 
30 yard line in Colby's possession. 

Moore, Colby's coach, was disabled in the first 
half, and Bearce was substituted. When Colby 
lined up in the second half they got 10 yards 
by the V, but were held and forced to punt. 
Buck caught the ball and rushed 15 yards. In 
tackling Buck, Colby got the ball. 

At this point Purrington was disabled and 
Lynch substituted. Colby was held, and Robinson 
punted. Carleton caught the ball and by good 
dodging, and blocking off by the backs, ran 35 



yards. Then Carleton gained 10 yards more and 
Buck got a touchdown. 40-0 

Colby gained 5 yards with the V but was again 
forced to punt. Buck caught the ball, but was 
unable to gain. Then after rushes, by Carleton and 
Buck, Stubbs scored a touchdown from below the 
center of the field. Goal. 46-0. 

By good tackling by Sykes, Colby lost 4 yards, 
when she again started with the V, and punted. 
Carleton catching the ball ran 15 yards, and Stubbs 
followed with a touchdown. Carleton kicked the 
goal. 52-0. 

This time Colby gained 3 yards by the V, but 
was held and punted. Carleton caught the ball 
and ran 10 yards. Then Bowdoin made a bad fum- 
ble and Colby got the ball. In tackling, Buck was 
injured and Mitchell was substituted. Colby 
couldn't gain and again resorted to punting. 
Carleton captured the ball but made no gain. 
Mitchell then ran round the left end for 30 yards, 
but Jordan, by a brilliant tackle, brought bim to 
the ground. Carleton then scored a touchdown. 
Score, 56-0. 

Colby made gain of 23 yards by the V, but was 
held, and when time was called the ball was on 
Bowdoin's 25 yard line. Time, 15 minutes. The 
teams lined up as follows : 








Sykes, Quarter Back. Purrington, Lynch. 

Buck Mitchell, } r. H lf B k p. f Hopkins. 

Stubbs, SI- 1. ( Hanson. 

Carleton, Full Back. Robinson, Captain. 

Score, 56-0. Touchdowns, Buck (3), Sykes (1), Carle- 
ton (4), Stubbs (2). Umpire, Ross, '94. Referee, Crocker. 

Bowdoin, 38; West Roxbury, O. 

The Bowdoin eleven defeated the West Roxburys 
here Friday afternoon, 38 to 0, in a very interesting 
game. The Bowdoin men showed great strength in 
their plays, and the Roxburys were unable to do 
much against them. 

Bowdoin's regular first -eleven played the first 
half, but in the second a number of second eleven 
men were put in and showed up finely. The West 
Roxburys got the ball uncomfortably near Bow- 
doin's goal toward the last part of the game, but as 
soon as they lost tho ball were hurried out of that 

Left End. 


Left Tackle. 


Left Guard. 

Morse, Bearce. 



Right Guard. 


Right Tackle. 


Right End. 



Both teams tackled well, but Bowdoin was supe- 
rior in blocking off. 

Dewey made a very pretty play in the first half, 
jumping over the heads of the leaders of the Rox- 
bury V and tackling the man with the ball. Carle- 
ton, Chapman, Fairbanks, Stevens, Quimby, and 
Stubbs played the best game for Bowdoin, and 
Spauldiug, Nichols, and Codmeu for the Roxburys. 
The teams lined up as follows : 

Bowdoin, Positions. West Roxbury, 

Chapman, J Right End Robinson. 

Kimball, Right Tackle. j ^f^od. 

Stone, Right Guard. Sheppard. 

SelnTson. j Center - Ma ^- 

Bates, Left Guard. Seaver. 

Stevens, Left Tackle. j wood*' 

grTantl'} L eft End. 

Fairbanks,/ Quarter Backs. 

Payson, / 

Ridley, J Half Barks f Spaulding., | uaiiBacJts. ] Nichols. 

Mitchell, j 

Fa^Ck'sJ Full Backs. Codmen. 

Score — Bowdoin, 38. Touchdowns — Payson, Fairbanks, 
Stevens (3), Ridley, Stubbs. Goals — Carleton, 5. Um- 
pire—Waters. Referee — Crocker. 

Bowdoin, 36; Andover, O. 

On Saturday, October 22d, Bowdoin added 
another game to her list of victories by beating 
Andover by a score of 36 to 0. Bowdoin played a 
strong game throughout, showing good team work 
at every point. The rushes of Carleton and Fair- 
banks, and the tackling of Quimby, were particu- 
larly noticeable. 

In the first half Bowdoin had the ball and heavy 
gains were made around Andover's ends, a touch- 
down being scored in three minutes. After this the 
Bowdoin team continued to make frequent touch- 
downs, until at the end of the first half it had run 
its score up to 26, while Andover had been unable 
to score at all. 

In the last half Andover put much more spirit 
into its play, but could not prevent Bowdoin from 
adding ten to the score. The summary is as follows : 





Left End. 

Chad well. 


Left Tackle. 


Bates (Thomas), 

Left Guard. 


Dewey (Dennison), 




Right Guard. 



Right Tackle. 




Ridley, j 
Pay son, j 

Right End. 
Quarter Back. 

Half Backs. 

Full Back. 


A. Bliss. 
1 Jones. 
I J. Bliss. 

Score — Bowdoin,36; Andover.O. Touchdowns — Carle- 
ton (3), Fairbanks (2), Sikes, Stevens. Goals from touch- 
downs — CarletoD (4). Umpire — W. L. Thompson. Ref- 
eree — A. C. Crocker. Time — 1 hour. 

The twenty-sixth Annual Convention of the Y. 
M. C. A. of Maine, held at Augusta, October 6-9, 
was one of the most enjoyable and profitable ses- 
sions ever held. Besides the Curistiau workers of 
our own State, there were also present Mr. S. A. 
Taggart, of New York, of the International Com- 
mittee; Mr. J. L. Gordon, General Secretary of the 
Boston Association, and Mr. H. L. Gale, of Worces- 
ter, Mass. 

The reports gave the present number of associa- 
tions in the State as twenty-one, of which fifteen are 
in towns or cities, and six in colleges and seminaries. 
The college associations were represented by the 
following number of delegates: Bowdoin, 16; 
Colby, 9; Bates, 8; Maine State College, 2. 

The reports of the work for the past year in the 
various colleges were read at the college session on 
Saturday afternoon. From these reports it was 
seen that Bowdoin had a larger number of men in 
college, raised more money for carrying on the 
work, had more committees, and seemed to have a 
better organization generally than the other college 
associations, yet we do not seem to be accomplish- 
ing any more than the others. Should we not ask 
ourselves why this is? Is each man doing all that 
he can in the line of work which the Association 
has marked out for him ? If we hold an office, or 
are a member of any committee, is it not possible 
for us to make that office or that committee more 
effective ? If every man would do that which he has 
an opportunity of doing we should see our organiza- 
tion accomplishing results far exceeding what it is 
now. There is work enough for all to do, and each 
one has a work that no one else can do for him; so 
if only a few take hold of the work much must 
necessarily remain undone. 

Prof. A. W. Anthony, of Bates College, will de- 
liver the annual sermon before the Association, 
Sunday, October 30th, at the hour of the regular 

morning service. Seats will be reserved in the 
body of the church, and it is hoped that they will 
be well filled with students. All are cordially in- 
vited to meet at the Y. M. C. A. room, and pro- 
ceed to the church in a body. 


Some idea of the great field there is in India for 
association work may be obtained from the fact 
that in the college department alone there are 
490,000 students to be reached, and the need of the 
work is evident when it is stated that the number 
of Christian students is only one in twenty. 

The work in India is growing rapidly. During 
the past year two associations ceased to exist, and 
twelve new organizations were added to the list, 
a net gain of ten. There are now forty-five associa- 
tions in India. 

'40.— Elijah Kellogg has so far re- 
covered from his recent accident as to 
walk out. 

'60.— In speaking of Hon. T. B. Read's speech 
on "The Progress of Hamanity," in Tremont Tem- 
ple, the Boston Herald says: "His lecture turned 
out to be very powerful, and, in passages, a very 
eloquent appeal from the 'great man' theory of 
history to the view of human progress as having 
been determined by the collective power and intel- 
ligence of the people as a whole. It was an un- 
equivocal apothesis of democracy in human insti- 
tutions, and Mr. Read so well satisfied the curiosity 
of his audience on this subject that he held their 
closest attention for nearly two hours." 

'62. — Isaac B. Choate has an article entitled 
"Columbus and His Friends," in a recent number 
of the Neiv England Magazine. 

'66.-F. H. Gerrish, A.M., M.D., will address 
the M. C. M. Association at their Triennial Festival. 

'68. — Charles O. Whitman has been appointed 
Professor of Biology in Chicago University, instead 
of A. G. Whitman, of 70, as was lately stated. 



'68.— Wednesday, October 12th, Mr. John A. 
Hinckley married Mary E. Tolford. The ceremony 
was performed at the First Congregational Church 
of Gorham, by Rev. L. W. Reynolds. The ushers 
were Dr. C. H. Ridlon, Bowdoin, '86, of Gorham; 
Mr. W. M. Muller, of Arlington, Mass. ; Mr. F. W. 
Davis, Bowdoin, '85; and Mr. Henry Hinkley, 
Bowdoin, '94. 

72. — Dr. William Rice Smart, of Camden, who 
died suddenly on Wednesday last, was a graduate 
of Bowdoin in the class of 1872, and the only son 
of the late Hon. Ephraim K. Smart of that town, 
long a distinguished member of the Democratic 
party and who was a Representative in Congress 
two terms from the Waldo district. 

'75.— William A. Deering, A.M., is principal of 
the seminary, Clifton Springs, N. Y. 

'75. — Wilson Nevens is instructor in sciences at 
the seminary, Clifton Springs, N. Y. 

'78. — Alfred E. Burton is Professor of Topo- 
graphical Engineering in the Massachusetts Insti- 
tute of Technology. , 

'83. — J. E. Dinsmore, A.M., has resigned his 
position as principal of Fryeburg Academy. 

'85. — F. W. Alexander is principal of the East 
Providence (R. I.) High School. 

'85.— Levi Turner, Jr., Esq., of Portland, has 
been invited by the National Republican Committee 
to speak in the states of New York, New Jersey, 
and Connecticut. 

Medical School, '85.— C. E. Wilson, M.D., who 
has been seriously ill, is considered out of danger. 

'89. — At the Somerset County Conference of Con- 
gregational churches, held at Norridgewock, October 
18th, the sermon was preached by E. R. Stearns. 

'89. — F. W. Freeman is principal of the high 
school at Brewer, Me. 

'89.— Married, Wednesday, October 12, 1892, 
Charles Francis Hersey and Sarah Dow. 

'90. — Greeley has a position with Ginn & Co., 

'90. — H. H. Hastings is teaching in Pawtucket 
and taking a post-graduate course at Brown Uni- 

'91. — F. W. Dudley is in the drug business at 
Harrison, Me. 

Medical School, '91.— Dr. Fred Stiles, of Wal- 
tham, Mass., married October 12th, Miss Helen 
Clay of Wesbrook, Me. 

'92. — Mr. Clinton Stacy has resigned his school 
in Princeton, Me., to accept a position as principal 
of the Smithport (Penn.) High School. 

'92.— Theodore S. Lazelle has accepted a position 
as Treasurer of the Academy of Music, r in"Roauoke, 
Va. It is his first venture in the theatrical business, 
but those who know his ability have no fear but 
that he will take a front rank as a ticket seller. 

'92.— Randall has entered the Andover Theologi- 
cal Seminary. 

Spain has ten universities; Italy has seventeen; 
Germany has twenty-one; Great Britain has eleven ; 
Russia has eight; the'United States of America has 
three hundred and sixty. What is the matter with 
the United States?— Ex. 

Cornell is the Mecca of college fraternities; thir- 
ty-three Greek-letter societies have chapters there. 

The average expenses of the students at Yale 
last year were: Freshmen, $786.96; Sophomores, 
§831.34; Juniors, $883.11; Seniors, $919.70. The 
largest expensejeported was $2,908.— Ex. 

The University of Berlin offers the students 
their choice of 716 lectures. 

At Harvard, arrangements have been made to 
allow students to complete the course necessary for 
the degree of A.B. in three years, and in the fourth 
year to accomplish the work necessary to secure 
the degree of A.M. 

Foot-ball in every form has .been prohibited by 
the University of Heidelberg, Germany. They 
draw the line at dueling, and will permit nothing- 
more dangerous. — Ex. 

The annual foot- ball game between Andover and 
Exeter will be played this year on November 12th, 
at Andover. 

Prof, in Psychology— " What is love?" Chem. 
Student—" Love is a volatile precipitate, and mar- 
riage a solvent in which it quickly dissolves."— Ex. 

A Japanese student describes Harvard in a let- 
ter home thus: "A very large building where the 
boys play foot-ball, and on wet days read books." 

— Ex. 




Faustina hath the fairest face, 
Faustina hath a winsome grace; 

How can I help but love her ? 
Philistia hath a bank account 
In her own name; the figures mount 

So high, I ought to love her. 

Faustina hath the deepest eyes, 
Her soul insphered in them lies; 

How can Ihelp but love her. 
Philistia owns New Haven stock, 
I've heard it called a " handsome block," 

I think I ought to love her. 

Faustina hath the brightest mind, 
She never said a word unkind; 

How can I help but love her ? 
Philistia owns a mortgage bond, — 
Security I'm told is " sound." 

I'll make believe to love her. 

— Trinity Tablet. 

The University of Pennsylvania now rauks fourth 
in point of numbers, having 1,750 students. Har- 
vard, Michigan, and Tale outnumber it. 

The following is clipped from the catalogue of 
the University of Missouri in regard to the dress of 
the young women in that institution: "A walking 
suit of black cloth with black trimmings. During 
the first mouth of the first semester and the last 
month of the second semester, a white basque or 
waist may be worn instead of a black one. The 
hat must be black, but its shape and material 
are left at discretion, except that ornamental trim- 
mings, such as flowers and feathers, are forbidden. 

The rule of the faculty, authorized by the board of 
curators, prescribing this uniform, is enforced by a 
penalty of ten demerits for each day's violation 
of it." 

John H. Findley, a graduate of Knox College in 
'87, has recently been honored by being elected 
president of that institution. He is the youngest 
college president in the United States. 

Oh, Jack, I've met the loveliest girl, 

I'm smitten for good, I fear, 
She's the face of an angel and — Figure, 
you ask ? 
Well Jack, that's $10,000 a year. 


According to D. C. Oilman, of Hopkins Univer- 
sity, a liberal education is summed up in the fol- 

1. Concentration or ability to hold the mind 
exclusively and persistently to one subject. 

2. Distribution or power to arrange and classify 
the known facts. 

3. Retention or power to hold facts. 

4. Expression or power to tell what we know. 

5. Power of judgment or making sharp discrim- 
inations between that which is true and that which 
is false, that which is good and that which is bad, 
that which is temporary, that which is accidental, 
and that which is essential. 

The students of Leland Stanford Junior Uni- 
versity have begun the publication of a college 
paper, the Daily Palo Alio. 



565 Congress St., - PORTLAND, ME. 


No money or pains have been spared in the 
selection and manufacture of 


It is the 


that can be made at any price. 

A combination of choicest Turkish, Perique, Virginia, 
and Havana. 



Vol. XXII. 

No. 9. 





C. W. Peabodt, '93, Managing Editor. 

H. C. Fabtan, '93, Assistant Managing Editor. 

B. L. Bryant, '95, Business Manager. 

W. P. Chamberlain, '93. F. M. Shaw, '93. 

M. S. Clifford, '93. H. E. Andrews, '94. 

R. R. Goodell, '93. F. J. Libbt, '94. 

F. W. Pickard, '94. 

Per annum, in advance $2.00. 

Single Copies, 15 Cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained atthe bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Manager. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Manager. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Rhyme and Reason Department should be 
sent to Box 1100, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should be sent to Box 4, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post. Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 


Vol. XXII. , No. 9.— November 9, 1892. 

Editorial Notes, 147 

Communication to the Freshman Team, 150 

Searles Scientific Building 150 

Glimpses of Bowdoin's Past 151 

The Pessioptimist 152 

Rhyme and Reason: 

The Chapel Doves, 153 

Desolation 154 

Afterwards, 154 

Meteoric, 154 

Collegii Tabula, 154 

Athletics 156 

Y. M. C. A 157 

Personal 158 

College World, 159 

number of the Orient 
we present a new department to our read- 
ers. " The Pessioptimist " explains himself, 
and will continue to explain himself and 
those of his fellow-beings with whom he 
comes in contact, their faults and their 
virtues. He may come as a lean, complain- 
ing, fault finding cynic, or he may come as 
a jovial and fun-loving boon companion ; but 
in whatever character he comes he is wholly 
irresponsible and must be treated with the 
utmost consideration. We expect that his 
sayings will be a treat to all our readers, and 
venture to say that the pages of the Orient 
will learn to open of their own accord to 
" The Pessioptimist." 

TTTHE purpose of a college library building 
-^ is admitted to be at the present time not 
only to house books belonging to the college, 
but to offer facilities to students for the use 
of these books. The Bowdoin library build- 
ing is lacking in both of these requirements. 
The capacity of the present building with 
its present arrangement is not equal to the 
books now owned by the college. The num- 
ber of volumes is 50,000. Those which are 
more closely related to the Medical depart- 
ment are kept in Adams Hall, and the astro- 
nomical and mathematical books are in the 



Observatory. In all about 4,000 volumes 
are kept outside of the library building. 
With an annual growth of 2,000 volumes, 
which is the present rate of increase, the 
proportion of the collection that must be 
stored at a considerable distance from the 
library proper will within five years become 
so great as to seriously affect the usefulness 
of both. 

It is possible, of course, by laying out a 
sufficient sum of money to increase the 
storing capacity of the library to a consider- 
able extent. By an expenditure of $12,000, 
the present building may be so changed as 
to afford accommodation for a library twice 
the size of the present. This might be done 
iu the following manner: An iron floor 
could be laid in each wing, as of course no 
improvement would be contemplated which 
did not at the same time furnish some pro- 
tection against fire. Iron stacks could be 
placed on this floor, and would admit of 
being very close together. At Harvard only 
thirty inches is left between them. Above 
the first series of stacks, a glass floor could 
be built and upon this more iron stacks 
erected. Thus 50,000 might be stored in 
each wing. But these changes would merely 
convert it into a store-house. The aisles 
between the book stacks would be so nar- 
row that it would be impossible to continue 
the library on the present plan of allowing 
the students free access to all the books. 
The requirements of the case would necessi- 
tate the employment of boys to deliver the 
books to students in the large hall, and thus 
would be taken away the crowning feature 
of our library system, the freedom which 
enables each student to become acquainted 
personally with literature of the various 
branches of learning as it is ranged on the 
shelves of the library. Bowdoin men would 
be sorry to give up this privilege which 
makes their library more useful to them than 
many larger libraries would be if stored 
away out of reach. 

No change which could be made in the 
present building would provide those con- 
veniences for use and administration which 
in these days may even be called necessities 
in a true college library building. These 
necessities are : 

1st. — A suitable room or rooms for study. 
Nowadays students in certain branches must 
do their work in close connection with books 
of reference. There is at present no such 
accommodation in the Bowdoin library. 
Banister Hall, it is true, is used as a reading- 
room, but it has not that freedom from inter- 
ruption and noise which is essential for ap- 
plication to study. 

2d. — A suitable room for periodicals and 
newspapers to be open a larger number of 
hours than the library proper, but to be 
under the supervision of the college authori- 
ties rather than the student bocty. Every 
one will admit that the newspaper reading- 
room ought to be run in connection with the 
library. It can never reach its greatest use- 
fulness until such an arrangement is possible. 

3d. — Suitable rooms for cataloguing, for 
unpacking books, including a suitable office 
for the librarian. The present quarters are 
entirely inadequate for the work incident 
upon a large and increasing collection of 

4th. — Rooms for Seminary or advanced 
classes. As the college grows larger, the 
opportunity for special work becomes greater, 
and as the laboratory work in science is 
about to be provided for so munificently, the 
lack of facilities for analogous work in the 
literary, historical, and philosophical de- 
partments will be more and more appreciated. 

In summary, the present building is ut- 
terly inadequate as a safe and convenient 
store-house for the large and increasing 
library. No outlay of money upon it could 
make it adequate for the work demanded of 
a college library of the present day. 

The new Scientific Building will place 
Bowdoin in the foremost rank of colleges as 



regards facilities for scientific instruction. 
It remains for some unknown benefactor, by 
the presentation of a modern library build- 
ing and the endowment of the library, that 
true university, to reinstate Bowdoin in that 
proud position in letters which she once held, 
and from which she has been deposed by the 
greater wealth of other institutions. 

TV7ITH the failure of the Tufts foot-ball 
** team to keep its agreement with Bow- 
doin for a game here, the foot-ball season has 
hardly been a success so far as Brunswick is 
concerned. Nothing but practice games 
have been played at home, and the few games 
left on our calendar, like all the others of 
importance, call for a journey to the center 
of population. Besides the disappointment 
at missing a game which promised to be close 
and exciting, it is natural that Bowdoin men 
should feel a little indignant at their treat- 
ment by Tufts, who canceled the Bowdoin 
game at the last minute for an opportunity 
to play the Yale second eleven. The stand- 
ard of honor which will permit a college for 
such a reason to go back on its word when 
another college has been to the labor and 
expense of advertising and arranging for a 
foot-ball game, — such a standard of honor 
we are glad to say is not that b}' which Bow- 
doin men are accustomed to regulate their 
conduct. We trust that the foot-ball man- 
agement will profit by this occurrence, and 
be careful in the future to have dealings only 
with those colleges whose promises can be de- 
pended on. It is to be regretted that the 
home game could not have been arranged 
with Brown instead of Tufts. 

TTTHE recent action of the Amherst Faculty 
■*■ in issuing a partisan manifesto with the 
avowed intention of influencing the votes of 
the students has not only received the 

severest censure by the press of the country, 
but seems also to have stirred up the spirit 
of opposition among the students of that 
college to such a degree that it may be safely 
predicted that its effect upon Amherst men 
at any rate will be far different from what 
was expected. We are fortunate at Bowdoin 
in having a Faculty which does not attempt 
to take advantage of the position in which 
it is to exert unfair influence in any matter 
over the minds of the students. As indi- 
viduals, the political views of many of them 
are well lyiown, but any concerted action 
like that of the Amherst professors, whether 
really or apparently in the name of the col- 
lege, would be considered a serious breach 
of their authority. Even as individuals they 
are careful to use their influence rather as 
citizens than as professors. This is shown 
by the refusal of several of them to act as 
chairmen of the political meetings recently 
held under the auspices of the student clubs. 

TITHE Faculty has promised to furnish the 
-*- reading-room in a more generous manner. 
When the room takes on a palatial appear- 
ance and the stove ceases to yawn lazily, and 
gets down to work for the winter, it is hoped 
that a like reformation may be seen in a few 
contingent matters. After what President 
Hyde has said it is probable that the room 
and its furniture will receive considerate 
treatment; but, as the papers are the most 
necessary part of the reading-room, an im- 
provement in the treatment of these would 
result in advantage to all concerned. All 
the students in college find when their term 
bills are received that they have to pay a 
certain amount for the maintenance of the 
reading-room, yet a very small minority of 
the students monopolize the papers. When 
a man looks into the room and finds the 
papers he wished to read gone, he does not 
usually investigate further but lets the matter 
drop. It does not follow because no loud 



complaint is made that the removal of them 
is not considered an offense against the stu- 
dents. The cold weather is a very shallow 
excuse for anybody to take the papers to 
their own rooms. The intention of the bor- 
rowers may be good, but a daily paper, which 
is useful to its readers for only one day, is 
very likely to be a back number before it 
sees the reading-room again. We hope that 
the management will look a little sharper 
after the papers, and, since it is impossible 
for one man to keep a constant care over 
them, we must urge the lovers of knowledge 
to be more considerate of the rights of all. 

IN THESE days of trusts and combines 
why could not Bowdoin men make some 
co-operative arrangement for attending the 
World's Fair at Chicago, providing, of 
course, that there is a sufficient number 
going to make it an object? Au excursion 
directly after Commencement to the exposi- 
tion would be enjoyed by all who could 
afford to go, and ought to draw a crowd. 
If the scheme seems practicable, the Ouiunt 
would like to hear, or rather see, some sug- 
gestions on the subject. 

1TTO THOSE who, like the poet, are seeking 
-*■ "for some retreat deep in yonder shining 
Orient," we would suggest that the best 
policy for them to pursue is to get into the 
good graces of the editors, both by contrib- 
uting articles for publication, and by assist- 
ing in the labors of the various departments- 
Any such work is extremely likely to have 
influence with the editors, as human nature 
is much the same in journalism as it is in 

A triple foot-ball league will be formed next year 
by Boston University, Amherst Agricultural Col- 
lege, and the Worcester Polytechnic Institute. 

Communication to the Freshman 

IS '96 going to disband her foot-ball team, 
when her prospects were so good ? Last 
week she had a game arranged with Cony 
High School, but owing to the lack of in- 
terest taken in the game of late and because 
her men have not come out to practice much, 
she canceled the game. It is getting late in 
the season now, and the 'Varsity will prob- 
ably not play much after the close of this 
week. After her work is accomplished, the 
class-games should be played as soon as pos- 
sible. Perhaps '95 is a little stronger than 
'96, and some of her men will have the ben- 
efit of the training received on the 'Varsity, 
but this fact should not in the least discour- 
age '96. The Freshmen have several very 
good players, and all they lack is practice ; 
there is no reason why they should not give 
the Sophomores a good rub, if they would 
only brace up and take some interest in the 
game. The Freshmen won a praiseworthy 
victory in base-ball, why should they not do 
the same thing in foot-ball? Therefore let 
'96 take courage, and work hard that she 
may have a team in trim for the class-games. 

Searles Scientific Building. 

TJENRY V AUG HAN, the architect, has 
J *■ presented for consideration plans for the 
Searles Scientific Building. While these 
have not yet been finally decided upon, there 
is little doubt but what, if they are sanc- 
tioned by the donor, they will be adopted, 
as they fill the widest requirements. 

The plans, as presented, provide for a 
brick building of three stories, English Uni- 
versity style, front 170 feet, greatest depth 
104 feet, height 65 feet, with a spire 20 feet 
higher; a court in rear between the wings 
55 feet square ; a boiler room in the rear with 
a drive way around it, 



The building will face toward the east 
with rear toward Main Street. It will have 
three entrances in front. That to- the north 
of the center will lead to the department of 
chemistry occupying the first two floors of 
that half of the buildiirg. That to the south 
of the middle entrance will lead to the de- 
partment of physics. The main entrance 
will lead to the biology department which is 
to occupy the whole of the third floor. The 
three departments will be practically sepa- 
rated from each other. 

On the first floor there will be two labo- 
ratories for chemistry and two for physics. 
There will also be private rooms for the pro- 

On the second floor will be lecture halls, 
chemical and physical, for one hundred stu- 
dents each, private research rooms, small 
lecture rooms for about forty students, a 
chemical cabinet and biological museum, 
water and organic analysis rooms, and an 
optical room. 

On the third floor will be a general labora- 
tory for biology and a general laboratory for 
physiology, a library and chart room, private 
research rooms, a conservatory, and a lecture 
room. The north wing will not go above 
this floor. All the departments will have 
dark rooms for photographic work. In the 
basement, there is to be a constant-tempera- 
ture room built with a double wall. 

The windows, which are quite numerous, 
will be four by nine feet, and will give ample 
light for the most careful work. The plans 
are drawn in accordance with the suggestions 
of Professors Robinson, Lee, and Hutchins, 
who, during the past summer have been 
making a careful, study of the scientific 
buildings in the country, and by profiting by 
the merits and demerits of all, it is believed 
that Mr. Searles's gift will have the distinc- 
tion of being the best practical scientific 
building in the country. 

Glimpses of Bowdoin's Past. 

yinil.S little college in the town of Bruns- 
-^ wick, " way down east," as the saying 
goes, has had upon the whole a quiet and 
unassuming past. It is a typical New Eng- 
land institution. Beginning its existence in 
the early part of the century, it at first occu- 
pied no more space than that afforded under 
the roof of the small brick building now 
used as the treasurer's office and known as 
Massachusetts Hall. There the few students, 
scarcely a score in number, lodged and 
had their recitations. As the years passed 
on, however, the college grew slowly but 
steadily ; and soon the annual Commence- 
ment exercises became a source of consider- 
able attraction to the people of the neighbor- 
ing townships. Thus the graduation of one 
class after another added successive mile- 
stones to the onward course. Bowdoin grad- 
uates began to command respect among their 
fellow-men. Here, a governor, or a congress- 
man, there a writer of repute, was checked 
off upon the college lists. 

Meantime, life in the dormitories and 
recitation rooms passed smoothly and pleas- 
antly enough. To be sure, if tradition can 
be credited, the tranquility of events was 
more than once broken in upon by "yagger 
wars," a species of strife waged against the 
rising generation of the near vicinity. Then, 
for a few weeks, there would be countless 
unsavory missiles hurled back and forth, and 
no little excitement aroused on either side. 
Woe to the unlucky student caught after 
dark, meanwhile, within the sacred precincts 
of " down-town " ; and equally liable to mis- 
haps, the stray town's fellows rash enough 
to venture inside the limits of the college 

But such a condition of affairs was usu- 
ally of short duration, and was considered 
in itself more as a diversion from the regular 
routine of happenings than otherwise. Va- 



rious other means were also devised to secure 
the same end. 

Many, indeed, were the depredations com- 
mitted under cover of darkness upon the 
property of the shopkeepers of the place ; 
and if a sign was missing in the early morn- 
ing from its accustomed position, the owner 
could generally make a shrewd guess as to 
the direction of its disappearance. At any 
rate, the faculty of the college rarely dis- 
puted a claim of the sort for payment; and 
the items were duly divided among the stu- 
dent-body, and paid under the head of gen- 
eral expenses. It is related, too, that, upon 
one occasion along in the forties, the whole 
stock of firewood intended to feed the flames 
of the old-fashioned fire-places which were 
then in use throughout the college halls was 
suddenly discovered ablaze, and was largely 
consumed on the spot. This last, however, 
was too much for the officials in charge, and 
the perpetrator was hunted out and punished. 
Fuel was too valuable an article in the college 
economy to be lost. 

But such pranks of an evening, carried 
out in a spirit of fun, did not seriously inter- 
fere with the more sober employments of the 
study hours which they served to enliven. 
In hundreds of prosperous homes throughout 
New England, the doings of the old, fun- 
loving days at Brunswick are fondly recalled 
and listened to with eager interest. Many 
a successful business or professional man of 
to-day looks back with a smile of humor 
upon the midnight plans laid and carried out 
in conjunction with his classmates at Bow- 
doin. Even learned and dignified judges on 
the bench unbend to tell the story of some 
mischievous exploit or college joke. 

Many of these tales are only traditional 
at best. Besides, they are ever prone to 
lodge themselves in the dim and dusty cor- 
ners of college dormitories; and, doubtless, 
would hardly bear the full light of day. 
Certain it is, that the college has grown 

and prospered all these years. It has seemed 
to draw in, as it were, from the very air that 
sweeps down over the stern New England 
hills, a rugged straightforwardness of pur- 
pose that has often stood it in good stead. 
With no pretence at outward display, it has 
sent forth from its foot-worn threshold men 
expecting to meet, and ready to meet, the 
hardships of an actual struggle with the 
world. Its graduates, as I have said before, 
occupy positions of responsibility and trust, 
the highest in the power of their fellow- 
citizens to grant. Its record during the 
century so soon to close has been one of 
entire honor and credit to itself. Surely, 
looking backward over the past and then 
forward to the new era of prosperity already 
begun, Bowdoin may fairly claim to have 
won, and, better still, to have deserved, no 
small measure of success. 

cUf^e ^e§§ioptimi§t. 

^JTHE Pessioptimist greets the readers of 
*■ the Orient this week for the first time. 
He has coined a name which is thought 
will explain the objects of the column which 
it is his fortune to have in charge. As a 
pessimist he will attack anybody and every- 
body about college, whom he deems worthy 
of having his eyes blacked with editorial 
ink. As an optimist he will give due praise 
and encouragement to all reforms and good 
deeds. He will endeavor to invade neither 
the province of the editorial or local column, 
but will attempt to fill the gap left between 
the two. It is with this idea in view that he 

undertakes the work. 


The chapel bell had rather an unpoetical 
metallic sound during several days of the 
past week, and the sagacious Sophomore 
chuckled to himself whenever he heard the 



cow-bell-like sound eminating from the heights 
of the tower. Other places about the campus 
also showed evidence of vandalism. But 
what was the good of it all? Were the par- 
ticipants repaid for their toil? Not by any 
means. Every bit of fun must be paid for. 
There is nothing accomplished, no joke 
played. There is simply a destruction or 
mutilation of college property, and why? 
Just because the class before you did the 
same thing. The era of prosperity and 
progress at Bowdoin must also be one of 
reform, and the Pessioptimist hopes there 
will be one in the treatment of college prop- 
erty . 

* * * * * 

I don't suppose it was ever thought by 
the architect of the chapel that the steam 
pipes, running under the seats would ever 
be utilized for any purpose other than 'the 
heating of the building. And such would 
be the natural supposition; but some of 
the restless and irreligious attendants at 
divine worship treat them as if their only 
use was to regulate the length of the prayer. 
But such a use lowers the dignity both of 
the pipes and their users, and is not the 
least in keeping with the sanctity of the 
place. At the utmost, morning chapel ex- 
ercises are not over ten or fifteen minutes 
in length, and this short space of time can 
afford the impatient ample opportunities for 
lessons in patience. 

tK- % % % J£ 

Speaking about chapel exercises reminds 
the Pessioptimist of a time-honored custom 
which some of the Freshmen are ruthlessly 
breaking. In times past it has been custom- 
ary for those honored by positions in the 
college choir to remain in the vestibule 
until their respective classes came along, 
but this year has seen some exceptions to 
the rule, and it is not an uncommon sight to 
see the Seniors marching through the chapel 
doorway, led by some member of the Fresh- 

man class. The upperclassmen don't ask 
much of the Freshmen, but they would like 
to be shown a spark of respect at times. A 
word to the wise is sufficient. 

* * * * * 

The Pessioptimist rejoices in one thing, 
and that is the spirit of healthy political 
rivalry at Bowdoin. While other colleges 
have been undergoing serious warfare, the 
utmost good feeling has prevailed here 
between all parties. Bowdoin turns out 
strong political leaders, however, and the 
non-partisan attitude in the college does not 
seem to follow her graduates in after life. 

* * * * * 

Have you walked over the college paths 
about noontime some of these November 
days? The Pessioptimist has to his sorrow. 
He was obliged, in addition to the weight 
of his own pedal extremities, to labor along 
with a small-sized farm clinging, with the 
tenacity of an irate bull-dog, to his number 
elevens. This is the time of year that de- 
monstrates the utter uselessness of ashes for 
paths. The ground is frozen solid on these 
frosty nights, to bo converted into a mass of 
paste by the noonda} r sun. Gravel is no un- 
known material in this region, and a slight 
use of it by the path builders of the college 
would add greatly to the comfort and con- 
venience of the traveling public. 

I^hyme ^ r^ea§or?, 

The Chapel Doves. 

Up in the sky-tipped tower, 
Close by the chapel bell, 

Is found the airy bower 

Where we in safety dwell. 

A part of Bowdoin, we; 

We love our College here ; 
And few those students be 

Whom we have cause to fear. 



Above the campus trees, 

And far up id the blue, 
We flit upon the breeze, 

And all beneath us view. 

Vast volumes could we tell 

Of things we hear and see, 
While perched beside the bell, 

Or flying light and free. 

What sights we just have seen 

Within our lofty tower, 
On mystic Halloween, 

At midnight's solemn hour ! 

But close within our breast 

We keep all secrets well; 
And students ne'er lose rest 

Lest we their tales should tell. 

When angels from above, 

A message downward bring, 

Or blessing, through the love 
Of Him, creatiou's king, 

They take a dove's fair form ; 

And thus, by instinct, man 
Is slow to offer harm 

To us, though oft he can. 

And so, at chapel hour, 

How know ye but the prayer 

Is answered from the tower, 
Where we flit in the air? 

And e'er in shine or storm, 

And e'er by night or day, 
With nothing to alarm, 

Around our home we stay. 

And through all time to come, 
While Bowdoin still shall be, 

May doves still in our home 
As happy dwell as we. 


More dreary scene may I ne'er know : 
The sea of gray; of gray the sky; 
No sign of life to meet the eye, 
Save far in air a single crow, 
That flaps along and looks below 
To where the barren Cockles lie — 
Those lonely reefs — and hurries by. 
No sound is there for ear to know, 
Save when each wave with sluggish swell 

Makes float out on the gloomy air, 
The fog-bell's mournful, solemn knell. 

And wreck-wood from a ship once fair 
That failed to hear or heed that bell, 

Lies rotting on the lone reef there. 


'Tis ended ! the flare of the torches 
Gives way to the light of the moon, 

And the gay political button 

Is sewed on the gray pantaloon. 


When in the class-room 

'Twas his woe 

To study of the liter, 

To learn how all the tables go, 

The length of the Freuch meter. 

But when he makes a call, though brief, 
Love's thoughts are so much sweeter, 
He often finds a greater grief 
In "pa" and the gas meter. 

The Thanksgiving re- 
cess will begin Wednesday 
noon, November 23d, and continuo the 
remainder of the week. 

Levensaler, '94, who has been de- 
tained by a serious illness, has returned 
to college. 

Stone, '96, is at home with typhoid fever. 
Minot, '91, spent several days in town recently. 
Mead, '95, who has been teaching at Pembroke, 
has rejoined his class. 

The Bowdoin College Catalogue will be out 
about the 21st of November. 

Professor Lee delivered a lecture on Labrador, 
at West Dresden, November 1st. 

A good performance of " Hands Across the Sea" 
was given at the Town Hall, October 27th. 



November 2d brought the first snow-storm of 
the season and a generous amount at that. 

The Junior History Division are preparing 
papers on assigned subjects for Professor Wells. 

Various newspapers have announced that our 
Faculty contains eight Republicans and five Dem- 

President Hyde gave a talk in chapel a week 
ago Sunday on the general topic of " Independence 
in Politics." 

South Maine Hall was opened for occupancy, 
October 25th; North Maine will probably be ready 
this week or next. 

The Class of '94 has voted to postpone Ivy Day 
one week, thus bringing it in the first week of 
Senior vacation. 

Machan, who represented '93 on tbe College 
Jury, has resigned, and Arnold has been elected to 
fill the position. 

Owing to the absence of Professor Robinson, 
both Seniors and Juniors received a couple of 
adjourns last week. 

Rev. Mr. Penn, D.D., of High Street Church, 
Portland, occupied the pulpit of the Congregational 
church last Sunday, in exchange with Dr. Mason. 

W. W. Thomas and Plaisted, '94, accompanied 
the foot-ball team on their last Massachusetts trip, 
and, with the team, witnessed the Harvard-Chicago 

President Hyde will have another Bible class 
this winter in lower Memorial. Those who remem- 
ber how interesting these talks were last year will 
doubtless attend again. 

One of the Juniors in Biology the other day de- 
clared that certain plants grew on flower pots and 
in observatories. This sounds like one of the bright 
sayings in the children's columns. 

The Freshmen's chairman of committee on a yell 
requests the Orient to use its columns in his behalf. 
So will some one please send a cheer, appropriate 
to '96, to box 1053 as soon as convenient. 

The first of the Shakespeare readings, by Miss 
McCobb, of Portland, was greatly enjoyed by those 
in attendance last Thursday evening. Two other 
readings will follow, November J Oth and 17th. 

A bust of the late Dr. Isaac Lincoln, who was 
for over sixty years a member of the Board of Over- 
seers of Bowdoin College, has recently been pre- 
sented to the library by his grandson, C. S. F. 
Lincoln, '91. 

The tickets for the Ragan course of lectures, 
given under the auspices of the College Foot-Ball 
Association, have had a good sale. The first 
lecture, October 31st, was enjoyed by a large 

The Freshman foot-ball team has been practic- 
ing quite steadily the last two weeks and is fast 
learning the game. If it is decided that 'Varsity 
men are not eligible to class teams, '96 should make 
a good showing. 

We are glad to announce that at last Bowdoin 
has a college pin. Hitherto, when we have met 
students of other colleges during vacations, and 
have seen their elegant pins, we have vainly wished 
that we had one. 

The Sophomores have elected the men for the 
prize speaking at tbe close of the term. Bryant, 
Churchill, Doherty, French, Holmes, Jackson, G. 
S. Kimball, Moore, Parker, Stetson, Webber, and 
Wood are the fortunate" ones. 

The prices of rooms in Maine Hall will be as 
follows: those that were $30, will now be $66; those 
that were $40, will now be $84; those that were 
$50, will now be $102 ; those that were $60, will 
now be $1 14. These prices, of course, include the 
cost of heating. 

Caspar W. Whitney, in Harper's Weekly of 
October 29th, speaks in high terms of Stacy's (ex- 
'93) foot-ball playing. He is now playing end on 
the West Point team, and making an enviable 
reputation as one of the finest tacklcrs West Point 
has ever had. 

Tbe regular monthly meeting of the College 
Jury was held November 1st. The resignation of 
Machan, '93, as foreman was accepted, and Leigh- 
ton, '94, was elected to fill the vacancy. Other 
details of the meeting will doubtless appear upon 
tbe Sophomore's term bills. 

In the Psychology class, Wednesday morning, 
President Hyde spoke in the highest terms of Mr. 
Baker's speech. He considers it, from a psycho- 
logical standpoint, the best speech which he knows 
of, made in this campaign anywhere in the country, 
and ventures the assertion that no better one will 
be made before election. 

A man with a two-headed calf was around one 
day last week exhibiting it. Some one stole the box 
containing it, while he was gone for a moment from 
his charge, and the poor fellow waudered around for 
some time disconsolate. But at last it was returned 



to him, and, as a reward, he showed the monstrosity 
to those around free. 

Professor Hutehins, assisted by Professor Lee, 
last Thursday evening gave the Juniors an interest- 
ing lecture on ancient and modern astronomy, illus- 
trated by numerous views of instruments, old and 
new, telescopic objects, famous observatories, etc. 
After the lecture several beautiful views of the 
scenery about Raugeley were exhibited. 

Janitor Booker has had considerable experience 
in getting into the chapel, and the elaborate prep- 
arations to keep him out, made by '95, Halloween, 
were utterly futile. The bell, to be sure, did not 
ring very loud, but the chapel was nevertheless 
open at the customary time. Although considerable 
good paiut was wasted, but little real damage was 
done, and that, says the Jury, '95 will pay for. 

The Kirmess, in aid of the Public Library, 
proved a great success and drew large crowds to 
Bath every evening. Bowdoin was well represented 
in the audience, high water mark being reached on 
Saturday night, when over sixty students were 
present. Bucknam, Hussey, Chamberlain, '93, 
Thompson, '94, Owen, Willard, '96, took part in the 
dancing. The entertainment was novel, the cos- 
tumes unusually good, and the dancing excellent. 

The subjects for the last themes of the term are 
as follows : Juniors: 1 — The Theatre of To-Day: 
Has it Any Value as an Educator? 2 — Opportunities 
of Character Study Afforded by College Life. 3 — 
The Sonnets of Shakespeare. Sophomore: 1 — 
A Walk in the Pines. 2 — What Parts of a News- 
paper Does it Pay to Read ? 3 — Our Present Rank- 
ing System. No themes will be required of the 
Juniors during the spring term. 

The Bowdoiu College Democratic Club held its 
rally last Wednesday evening in the .Town Hall. 
About forty of the members, accompanied by the 
band, marched to the Brunswick Democratic club- 
rooms, where they were joined by that club in full 
force, and together they proceeded to the hall. 
Although the night was stormy, a large audience 
was present. The speakers were introduced by 
Iugraham, the president of the club. They were 
Mr. Johnson of Waterville, Mr. M. P. Prank of 
Portland, and Mr. A. P. Moulton, also of Portland. 
One of the pleasant features was the enthusiastic 
cheering, which was led by Bagley, '94. 

The first political mass meeting ever held in 
Maine by a college club occurred November 1st, in 
the Town Hall, under the auspices of the College 
Republican Club. After a brief band concert in 

front of Memorial, about 125 students marched to 
the hall, where seats were reserved for them. The 
speaker of the evening, Hon. Orville D. Baker, of 
Augusta, a Bowdoin graduate, was introduced by 
President Paysou, and held the close attention of 
the large audience for full two hours. His able and 
eloquent speech was often interrupted by applause. 
Several new "yells" were "sprung" by the stu- 
dents, and afforded a pleasing variation from the 
usual clapping and stamping. 



Bowdoin, 10; B. A. A., 10. 

The only game this season in which the Bowdoin 
team has met an eleven which seemed in any way 
its equrtl was played Tuesday, October 25, at the 
South End Grounds in Boston. The teams were 
very evenly matched both in weight and skill, and 
the play on both sides was characterized by sharp 
and brilliant work. 

During the first fifteen minutes of the game, the 
ball see-sawed up and down the field till Captain 
Carleton made a dash through the line and scored 
a touchdown, but failed to kick a goal. For the 
remainder of the half the ball was kept near the 
center of the field. 

In the second half Ridley replaced Sykes at 
right half back. After six minutes of hard work 
the B. A. A. team made a touchdown, but were un- 
able to kick a goal. Then Bowdoin once more had 
the advantage and after ten minutes Payson carried 
the ball over the line and Carleton kicked a goal. 
Score, 10-4, in favor of Bowdoin. 

Soon Bachelder scored another touchdown for 
B. A. A. and kicked an easy goal, thus tying the 
score. During the remaining ten minutes neither 
side were able to score ; but, when time was called 
Bowdoin had forced their opponents to their fifteen 
yard line and had a good chance of scoring. 

The teams lined up as follows : 

Bowdoin. B. A. A. 

( Thayer, 

( Noyes. 








Left End. 


Left Tackle. 


Left Guard. 




Eight Guard. 


Right Tackle 


Eight End. 







Payson, 1 
Sykes, > 
Ridley, ) 

Carleton, Full-back. Batcbelder. 

Score— Bowdoin, 10; B. A. A., 10. Touchdowns- 
Peters, Batcbelder, Carleton, and Payson. Goals from 
touchdowns — Batcbelder and Carleton. Referee — Mr. H. 
S. Cornish. Umpire— Mr. H. C. Crocker. 

'Ninety-five, 66; Cony High School, 6. 

On account of the injuries and illness of quite a 
number of its members the Freshman eleven was 
unable to play the game it had arranged for Novem- 
ber 5th with the Cony High School team of Augusta, 
and in their place the '95 class team went to play 
the Augusta boys last Friday. 

Against the experienced Bowdoin men the light 
Cony players, although plucky and well versed in 
the game, had no chance of victory. '95 had the 
ball at the start; the V was formed, and in less 
than ten seconds Fairbanks bad a touchdown. 

The game was a series of long rushes and runs 
by the '95 backs. When the Cony team had the 
ball it was too light to use the V with effect, and 
depended on its quickness, generally gaining but 
little and losing the ball on downs. At the begin- 
ning of the second half W. Chase, by brilliant dodg- 
ing and a long dash, secured a touchdown for Cony, 
from which Capt. Whitten kicked a goal. It was 
the prettiest individual play of the game. 

The first 1 half was of 25 minutes. Score : '95, 
40; Cony, 0. The last half was 20 minutes, the 
final score being 66-6. 

Stetson, '95, was umpire, and Miuot, '96, referee. 
Following is the make-up of the two teams : 
Bowdoin, '95. Position. Cony High School. 

Quimby, Left End. F. Chase. 

Hicks, Left Tackle. Hamblen. 

Dewey, Left Guard. Pettingill. 

Dennison, Center. Woodbridge. 

Jackson, Right Guard. Hanson. 

Kimball, Right Tackle. Webber. 

Bryant, Right End. Valentine. 

Fairbanks, Quarter-back. Bascomb. 

Mitchell, 1 jt alf h „ pk „ I W. Chase, 

Knowlton, J Halt-backs. j Holmes. 

Stubbs, Full-back. Whitten. 

Bowdoin, 22; Colby, 4. 

Saturday, Bowdoin lined up against Colby for 
the second time this season at Waterville. 

The game was called at 3 o'clock. Bowdoin 
made her first touchdown in five minutes by work 
through the center. Then Colby scored by center 
work and a long run by Perkins. During the 
remainder of the half Bowdoin added three more 
touchdowns to the score. 

In the beginning of the second half Bowdoin 
scored a touchdown. When the ball was brought 
to the center, Colby forced it to Bowdoin's 15-yard 
line and considerably to one side of the goal posts. 
From here Robinson tried for a goal. The referee 
decided it was a punt and refused to allow it. 
Colby, thinking they were used unfairly, left the 
field. Time, 10 minutes. 

The teams lined up as follows : 
Bowdoin. Position. Colby. 

Chapman, Right End. Jordan. 

Kimball, Right Tackle. McLellan. 

Stone, Right Guard. Waters. 

Dewey, Center. Gray. 

Thomas, Left Guard. Riggs. 

Ridley, Left Tackle. Stimpson. 

Quimby, Left End. Hopkins. 

Sykes, Quarter-back. Purington. 

Stubbs, | i=r„if v..!. ( Watson, 

Mitchell,! Half-backs. J Perkins. 

Fairbanks, Full-back. Robinson. 

Score— Bowdoin, 22; Colby, 4. Touchdowns — Fair- 
banks (4), Mitchell, Robinson. Goal from touchdowns — 
Fairbanks. Umpire — Salisbury, Colby. Referee — Ross, 
'94, Bowdoin. Time— 30 minutes. 

Some inquiries have been made concerning a 
class in Bible Study, and we take this opportunity 
of stating that there will be such a class, conducted 
by President Hyde, similar to those of the past few 
years. Much interest has been manifested in pre- 
vious years, and we think that all who attend will 
feel doubly repaid for the time expended in so 
doing. The class will be held on Tuesday evening 
of each week. It is expected that the first meeting 
will be on the second Tuesday of November. The 
class is open to all members of the college. If you 
come to the first meeting we feel sure you will 
continue your attendance throughout the course. 

The average attendance at our meetings this 
term has been larger than it was last year. The 
last few meetings, however, were rather below the 
average in size. It is true, there were outside at- 
tractions which tended to call us away. Are these 
outside attractions of sufficient importance to justify 
us in leaving our meetings ? This is a question we 
all ought to consider seriously. Our attendance 
should surely be equal to our number of active 
members. In fact, however, it is not as large. Of 
course there are times when it is impossible for us 
to be present, but they are not many. We often 



say that there is nothing we can do that will 
advance the Christian work in the college. There 
is probably no one who has not some talent which 
he could improve. But, granting that we have no 
talent for active work, there is one thing we can do, 
and that is to attend the meetings. It will require 
the expenditure of less than one hour a week, and 
there are hardly any of us who do not waste more 
than that amount of time each day. If we are 
active members of the association and not regular 
attendants at its meetings, let us consider it our 
duty to be there;— a duty we owe to the associa- 
tion, to ourselves as Christians, and above all to 
our God. 

The Neighborhood Work Committee, as has 
been the custom in the past, will assist the people 
of Hillside in their meetings during the present 
year. Several of our men made the first visit of 
the term, Sunday, October 23d. They have no 
preaching there, but maintain a Sunday-School and 
a meeting Sunday afternoon. The Hillside people 
seem to be very glad of our assistance ; and the 
work is not only a help to them but also to those 
who go. 

The annual sermon before the Y. M. C\ A. was 
delivered by Prof. A. W. Anthony, of Bates Col- 
lege, at the Congregational Church, Sunday, Octo- 
ber 30th. His masterly treatment of the text 
found in Matt, v., 17, " Think not that I am come 
to destroy the law, or the prophets : I am not 
come to destroy, but to fulfill," was listened to with 
closest attention. We trust that the members of 
the Association will act in accordance with the 
manv valuable suggestions which were expressed. 

'37. -Hon. George F. 

Talbot read a paper on 

'The Character of Columbus" in 
Portland, October 21, 1892. 

'41.— Hon. Frederick Robie gave au 
address in Augusta on Columbus Day. 

'48. — Mr. G. S. Newcomb recently spent an 
afternoon in examining the library and college 

'49.— Judge Joseph Williamson, of Belfast, has 
nearly completed and ready for press the bibliog- 
raphy of Maine, a work on which he has been 
engaged for a long time, and on which he has 
bestowed a great amount of labor. 

'57.— Rev. D. S. Hibbard, of East Sumner, was 
one of the speakers at the Oxford Congregational 
Conference, held at Andover, October 18th and 19th. 
Among the other speakers were F. V. Norcross, '55, 
and Henry Farrar, '56. 

'60. — Ex-Speaker Reed spoke at Freeport, 111., 
October 29th, and his visit was the occasion for a 
big demonstration by the Republicans of that county. 

'60.— Col. A. W. Bradbury is spoken of as a 
candidate for City Solicitor, Portland, Maine. 

'61.— The following is taken from the Lewiston 
Journal concerning Gen. Hyde, one of the Presiden- 
tial Electors of Maine: "Thomas W. Hyde was born 
at Florence, Italy, in 1841, his parents both being 
natives of Bath, where he has lived since his infancy. 
He got his early training and education there and 
then went to Bowdoin College, from which he 
graduated in the class of 1861, and later from the 
Chicago University. At the time of his graduation 
from college the great civil war was raging, and in 
August of 1861 be went to the front as Ma.ior of the 
Seventh Maine Volunteers, at the age of twenty 
years. He served with his regiment through the 
war, having some very thrilling experiences. Less 
than ten years ago Gen. Hyde was awarded an ele- 
gant medal by Congress for his acts of exceptional 
bravery during the war. Gen. Hyde is a very inter- 
esting speaker and has delivered a number of ad- 
dresses on his war experiences. When the army 
was mustered out he came back to Bath with the 
rank of brigadier-general of volunteers. Gen. 
Hyde is a Republican in political principle and a 
strong one, too. He was president of the Maine 
Senate in 1876-77, and mayor of Bath in 1878-79, 
serving in both positions in an acceptable manner. 
He has also been a member of the Board of Visitors to 
West Point, aud one of the managers of the Soldiers' 
Home aud of the Naval and Military Orphans' Asy- 
lum in Bath. In his business career Gen. Hyde has 
been unusually successful, due to his superb pluck, 
tact, enterprise and perseverance, to which one 
obstacle after another has succumbed. At the close 
of the war, after he returned to Bath, he leased the 
Bath Iron Foundry, now known as the northern 
division of the Bath Iron Works, it then being in 
its infancy and employing but seven men. He now 
employs upward of 700 men." 



'62. — One of Maine's best soldiers and highly 
honored sons has lately been nominated as candi- 
date for Adjutant-General of Maine. Gen. Charles 
P. Mattocks, Executive Commissioner of the Maine 
Board of World's Fair Managers, was born in 
Danville, Vt., October 11, 1840, and removed to 
Maine at the age of 10 years. Gen. Mattocks fitted 
for college at Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass., 
graduated at Bowdoin College in 1862, and at the 
Harvard Law School in 1867. Immediately after 
graduating at Bowdoin he was appointed First 
Lieutenant in the Seventh Maine Infantry Volun- 
teers, and served in the Army of the Potomac until 
Lee's surrender, having been engaged in every 
battle of that army occurring after his entry into 
service, except during nine months while he was a 
prisoner. Gen. Mattocks began the practice of law 
in 1867, and has practiced in this State and United 
States Courts, including the Supreme Court of the 
United States. He has served as County Attorney, 
and as a member of the State Legislature. As a 
business organizer Gen. Mattocks has few superiors, 
having a ready grasp of large affairs, and prompt 
decided methods of administration. 

'66. — Professor Chapman delivered an address 
on "The Columbiad," in Portland, October 21, 

'68. — Hon. Orville D. Baker, of Augusta, ad- 
dressed the Republicans of Brunswick in an admir- 
able speech November 1st. Mr. Baker is now 
speaking in New York on the political questious of 
the day. 

'69. — Rev. Horatio Stebbens, of San Francisco, 
delivered the opening sermon before the Ministers' 
Institute in Newton, Mass., a short time ago. 

'70. — D. S Alexander, United States Attorney 
for Northern New York, is making an active canvass 
of Western New York for President Harrison. 

'73. — Hon. A. F. Moulton spoke in Town Hall, 
November 2, 1892. 

'74. —Charles F. Kimball has been elected Presi- 
dent of the National Carriage Makers' Association. 

'77.— Professor G. T. Little has forwarded the 
Auburn Public Library a set of Cornhill Magazines. 
The gift is much appreciated by the trustees of the 

'79. — C. F. Johnson spoke in Town Hall, Novem- 
ber 2d. 

Medical School, '83.-Dr. H. F. Twitchell has 
given up his practice in Freeport and will settle in 

'87. — Charles J. Goodwin, Ph.D., has recovered 

from his illness and has resigned his professorship 
of Greek at Cornell College, Mt. Vernon, Iowa, to 
accept a position at Wesleyan University, Middle- 
town, Conn. 

'88.— D. M. Cole is principal of Westfield (Mass.) 
High School. 

'88.— E. S. Bartlett has a position in the Pension 
Office, Washington, D. C. 

'89. — C. L. Mitchell is principal of the High 
School, Wareham, Mass. 

Medical School, '89. — Dr. Charles P. Small has 
disposed of his practice in Waterville and gone to 

'89. — G. L. Rogers has been elected County 

'91. — W. G. Mallett has accepted a position in 
Farmington Normal School in place of D. M. Cole, 
'88, resigned. 

'91. — B. D. Ridlon is sick with slow fever. 

Here's some advice that the editor of the Trinity 
Tablet offers to its Sophomores: "Discipline the 
Freshmen thoroughly, with never a thought that 
you were 'fresh' last year. Fight on in supreme 
contempt of the regulations, take your punishment 
like little men, and by and by you, too, can sit in the 
' seat of the scornful,' and cast satirical reflections 
upon under-class rivalry." 

No cruelty to animals 

Is of such atrocious sort 
As teasing that poor quadruped 
Known as the Piano-Forte. 

— Brunonian. 

The New York Tribune, Sun, and Times have 
111 college men on their staffs. 

The University of Pennsylvania has decided to 
found a " traveling scholarship in architecture," 
yielding an annual income of $1,000, which will 



enable the holder to travel through Europe and 
study the best methods of architecture. 

My trembling knees did much belie 
The artful firmness in my face, 
As I, all trembling, rang the bell, 
To ask her stern papa for Grace! 

— Williams Weekly. 

First Senior (after a long session of tennis with 
one of the co-eds.) — "There, we've finished our 
tournament." Second Senior — "How did it come 
out?" First Senior — " 0, it ended in a tie." Sec- 
ond Senior (with emotion)— " The deuce it did! 
Old man, you're in luck. Accept my congratu- 
lations." — Bates Student. 


" The world knows nothing of its greatest men." 
I say this to myself, and am consoled 

To think that's why I'm far from mortal ken, 
On the list of hidden geniuses enrolled." 

— Columbia Spectator. 

Paris University, the largest in the world, has 
9,215 students; Vienna is second, having 6,220 stu- 
dents, and Berlin third. 

Harvard has made application for 7,000 square 
feet for its intended exhibit at the World's Fair. 

Old gold has been adopted as the college color 
at the University of Chicago. 

President Seth Low, of Columbia College, used 
city police to prevent Sophomores interfering with 

Freshmen when assembled for entrance examina- 
tion. His purpose is to break up the rushing and 
less manly forms of hazing. 

First came the spotless full dress shirt, 

Then four-in-hand, by chance, 
Soon " gallusses " were quite the rage, 

And it will next be — ? ? ! ! — Cynic. 

The total membership of Greek-letter societies 
in the American colleges is estimated at 77,000. 

One-half of the West Point Cadets are obliged 
to wear glasses, it is said. This state of affairs is 
largely due to the fact that the barracks are lighted 
by electricity instead of gas. The Board of Visitors 
has asked Congress to appropriate $25,000 to 
remedy this. 

Both President Harrison and Mr. Whitelaw 
Reid hold the diplomas of Miami University, one of 
the "small colleges." It is situated at Oxford, 
Ohio. Secretary Noble is another of its alumni. 
Mr. Cleveland never attended college. Mr. Steven- 
son graduated from Center College, Ky. 

The Leland Stanford University, at Palo Alto, 
has a campus containing about 70,000 acres, with a 
drive w T ay 17 miles long. 

The number of actively Christian men at Bow 
doin is 37, at Bates 39, at Colby 56. 

It is a noticeable fact that the 94 Universities of 
Europe have 1723 more professors, and 41,814 more 
students than the 360 Universities of the United 



565 Congress St., - PORTLAND, ME. 


No money or pains have been spared in the 
selection and manufacture of 


It is the 


that can be made at any price. 

A combination of choicest Turkish, Perique, Virginia, 
and Havana. 



Vol. XXII. 


No. 10. 





C. W. Peabody, '93, Managing Editor. 

H. C. Fabyan, '93, Assistant Managing Editor. 

B. L. Bryant, '95, Business Manager. 

W. P. Chamberlain, '93. F. M. Shaw, '93. 

M. S. Clifford, '93. H. E. Andrews, '94. 

R. R. Goodell, '93. F. J. Libby, '94. 

F. W. Pickard, '94. 

Per annum, in advance, $2.00 

Single Copies, 15 Cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Manager. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Manager. Com" 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Rhyme and Reason Department should be 
sent to Box 1100, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should be sent to Box 4, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post-Offlce at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 


Vol. XXII., No. 10.— November 23, 1892. 

Editorial Notes, 161 

A Traitor to Peacock 163 

Addition to the Art Building, 165 

An Allegory 166 

The Psychological Qualities of a Good Speech, . . 168 

The Pessioptimist 168 

Rhyme and Reason: 

A November Woe, 169 

The Dead Leader 170 

Bowdoin Men 170 

The Song of the Sailors, 170 

Collegii Tabula, 170 

Athletics, 172 

Y. M. C. A., 173 

Personal 173 

College World, 174 

The old New England festival of 
Thanksgiving bids us home again to share 
the turkey and the pumpkin pie. Thanks- 
giving Day, from its origin in the wilderness 
of Plymouth has spread through the whole 
country, following the Yankee everywhere. 
It has become a national festival; but though 
the soil of other regions may yield richer 
fruits, it is the hard-earned harvest of New 
England still, and the wild game of the New 
England woods that seem to furnish forth 
the board with the most plentiful abundance, 
and to evoke the truest and most heartfelt 

The real Thanksgiving Da}' is the offspring 
of Puritan New England. The Pilgrims had 
been at Plymouth only ten months when 
their governor appointed the first Thanks- 
giving feast. Ten months of hardship and 
poverty they had been, but the harvest of 
Indian corn was gathered and the forests 
were full of game. The colonists joined with 
the Indians in a week of festivity, rejoicing 
in the abundance which had followed want. 

Thanksgiving days among the colonists 
were at first of no regular occurrence and 
were not held at any constant season of the 
year, but toward the latter part of the seven- 
teenth century they gradually grew into an 
annual festival, following the harvest. 

In the Thanksgiving of to-day our festival 



is symbolic of wider blessings than of the 
harvest alone. The prosperity of our country 
is a reason for the thankfulness of all its 
citizens. We of Bowdoin have cause to 
rejoice in the prosperity of the college. 
Every man has some blessing of his own to 
be thankful for. Certainly we have greater 
cause for rejoicing than the Pilgrim Fathers 
when they thanked God for their meager 
harvest of Indian corn. 

TITHE national election is past and gone, 
A and the result is satisfactory to the 
majority of people in the country. At Bow- 
doin the campaign was brief and not very 
noisy. For a few days politics were allowed 
to take precedence, and then everybody 
settled down again to the quiet pursuit of 
learning, with the calm assurance that "the 
tariff is a tax." 

THE new catalogue will be published 
before this number of the Orient is 
issued. It indicates a total membership of 
297, the largest in the history of the col- 
lege. Of these, 197 are in the academic 
department, divided as follows : Seniors, 32 ; 
Juniors, 47; Sophomores, 53 ; Freshmen, 58; 
Special Students, 7. 

The course of study remains nearly the 
same, but with this change : In Junior year, 
third term, American History is required, 
and practical Rhetoric becomes an elective. 

For the purpose of promoting advanced 
work in Biology the college has secured the 
privileges of a table in the Marine Biological 
Laboratory at Wood's Holl, Mass., of which 
Dr. C. O. Whitman, of the class of 1869, is 
director. Each student or graduate who has 
shown marked proficiency in biological work 
will be given this opportunity for study 
during the summer months. 

The catalogue shows an increase of three 

in the Medical Facultjr. Albert Roscoe 
Moulton, M.D., who comes from the Medical 
School in Philadelphia, will be Lecturer on 
Mental Diseases. John Franklin Thompson, 
A.M., M.D., Lecturer on Diseases of Women, 
and Willis Bryant Moulton, M.D., Clinical 
Instructor in Diseases of Eye and Ear. The 
three new men on the Academic Faculty are 
Prof. W. A. Houghton in the Latin chair, 
Mr. F. T. Farnsworth, Instructor in German, 
and Mr. A. M. Merriman, Assistant in Chem- 

BOWDOIN has a well-deserved reputation 
of granting to her students more freedom 
and more privileges than any other college 
of her class in the country. In late years, as 
a rule, this liberty has not been misused, but, 
on the contrary, has gained for the college 
authorities the increased respect of the stu- 
dent body. 

It is very seldom that we would complain 
of having too many privileges, but such at 
present seems to be the case. The liberty of 
carrying on animated discussions in Banister 
Hall, of reading aloud, while others are 
trying, during the lulls in the conversation, 
to grasp the ideas set forth in the current 
numbers of the magazines, — this liberty, we 
feel sure, the students as a body wish with- 
drawn. It is not an easy or a pleasant task 
to fathom the intricacies of the constitution 
while persons at the further end of the room 
keep up a running conversation ; and when 
one's attention is frequently interrupted by 
the loudly uttered ejaculations of some one 
near him. 

Perhaps those who make use of this priv- 
ilege might reply that if one desires quiet, 
he should take the books to his room ; but 
this is neither possible with the reserved 
books nor practicable with the magazines. 
Limited conversation in the wings is not so 
objectionable, but in Banister Hall it would 
obviously be better for the majority of stu- 



dents if conversation in all its forms were 

0UR foot-ball season ends this year rather 
earlier than usual. Considerable satis- 
faction is to be taken in the record of our 
eleven this fall. It has not lost a game. It is 
a matter of regret that a team so strong as 
ours undoubtedly is should not have had the 
opportunity of meeting Dartmouth, Amherst, 
or Williams. Then, with a game or two lost, 
we should probably still have had a record to 
be proud of. The team has not had a fair 
chance to show what it was good for. One 
consolation remains. We can assert with 
some plausibility and with no danger of being 
confronted with proofs to the contrary, that 
we have this fall one of the strongest foot- 
ball teams in New England. 

IVJE GO to press this week a day early 
** on account of the Thanksgiving recess. 
It is therefore impossible to give in this 
number an account of any event which hap- 
pened after Friday, November 18th. 

TT7HE Thanksgiving recess occupies the 
-*■ best part of a week. Accordingly it is 
customary to leave three weeks between the 
numbers of the Ojjibnt at this time. Num- 
ber 11 will be dated December 14. 

PRESIDENT HYDE'S statement in chapel 
•"■ last Friday, that there were more appli- 
cations for scholarships this year than there 
were students in college six years ago, was 
surprising and at the same time encouraging. 
It is an evidence of the prosperity of the 
college in the number of its students. His 
further remarks, however, that the increase 
in scholarships had by no means kept pace 
with this prosperity shows another phase of 
the question. He intimated that with the 
present high rate of increase in numbers as 

compared with the increase in scholarships, 
if these conditions continue, a new basis of 
granting scholarships will probably have to 
be adopted. The new method suggested, 
was that of competitive scholarships. This 
seems to be the only solution of the question, 
and yet it is to be much regretted. How 
often it is the case that those, most worthy 
of scholarships, do not lead the class and 
that on the contrary, those who stand high 
in the class have ample means and would 
seek only the honor of securing the prize. 

A Traitor to Peacock. 

JIM VINING sataloneinhisroom. Before 
him, outspread on the carpet, his news- 
paper had fallen carelessly, with the quaint 
proclamation of the New England governor 
uppermost. " Whereas it hath been custom- 
ary since our fathers' time to set apart each 
year a day on which to render thanks to the 
beneficent Giver of all things for the multi- 
tude of his blessings, — " and so on, counseling 
every one to gather with his family on the 
last Thursday of the month, to unite with 
them in thanksgiving and prayer. 

Jim had just this moment made up his 
mind not to go home. A letter from Eva 
Wellington was the cause. He had looked 
forward to this brief recess with his imagi- 
nation full of her, of the pleasure of her 
companj'-, the walks, the rides, perhaps skat- 
ing at Smith's pond if the cold weather 
lasted. And now she said she was going away 
for a Thanksgiving visit. Pinevale was too 
quiet and sleepy a place to spend a vacation 
in. Yet she knew he was coming home, and 
she had not seen him for three months. 

Jim thought it over in gloomy silence. 
He tried to imagine some cause for the cool- 
ness which he realized had been growing up 
between them. 

Had he ever, by word or syllable, an- 
swered her roughly when she laughed at 



Walden, — at Walden, his college that he took 
so much pride in? The fault, if anywhere, 
seemed all on her part. Nothing could have 
been more trying to his patience than the 
way in which she continually held up before 
him the merits of Peacock University, 
Warden's bitter rival. How she doted on 
peacock blue, and as for terra-cotta, Walden's 
color, Jim knew she despised it. The most 
tantalizing of all was when she called atten- 
tion to Walden's foot-ball record. For three 
years had Peacock University waved the 
blue triumphantly at the great champion- 
ship game on Thanksgiving Day, and Jim 
bit his lip when he thought of the pater- 
nal mandate which prevented him from 
doing what he might do for the honor of old 

Jim Vining was in a gloomy mood. He 
wrote a hasty letter home, stating that his 
studies demanded so much time that he 
thought it advisable to remain at the college 
during the Thanksgiving vacation. It was 
in good faith, too, for he had determined not 
to follow the eleven to Yorkfield, anticipat- 
ing that the result of the game would not 
be a pleasant one to Walden men. 

Some one knocked at Jim's door. It was 
the foot-ball captain. 

"Billings has gone home, Jim, his father 
is sick," he said. 

" That settles it," replied Jim, " not a 
man to take his place, is there ? " 

" Jim you must play half-back Thursday, 
there is nobody else," said the captain. 

" But you know — " 

" Yes, I know your father objects, but it 
is an emergency. It is you or no game. 
Waklen depends on it. If the game goes 
by default, it is the end of our foot-ball. 
Weston is ready to fill our place if we drop 
out of the league. You know that as well 
as I do." 

" One more point for Eva," thought Jim 
Vining, and he determined that whatever 

were the consequences, Walden should play 
the game. 

The grand-stand at Yorkfield presented a 
gay and beautiful picture on Thanksgiving 
Day. At one end, the fair admirers of 
Walden College sat displaying the terra-cotta 
of their favorite. At the other end the patron 
goddesses of Peacock University waved the 
rich blue in anticipation of victory. 

"Peacock is certain to win, is it not?" 
asked a fair young girl who carried on her 
parasol a long streamer of blue ribbon. 

" Pretty sure of it," replied her escort. 
" Walden never could play foot-ball. She 
will probably drop out of the league next 
year. Besides, her team is disabled, I under- 
stand. The best half-back could not come, 
and a new player, Williams, is going to be 
put on. I am glad to see you are so thoroughly 
with us, Miss Wellington." 

The game had begun and the excitement 
with it. Nothing could restrain the enthu- 
siasm of the wearers of the blue when Pea- 
cock carried the ball across the line for the 
first touchdown. 

One only among the crowd of ladies 
upon the Peacock stand seemed to waver in 
her enthusiasm. Eva Wellington had waved 
her handkerchief and parasol as the Univer- 
sity team marched proudly upon the field. 
She had joined in the general demonstration 
when Peacock had gained ten yards with the 
V, but after that she had grown pale and sat 
leaning forward with eyes fixed upon one 
man behind the Walden line, who seemed 
to be omnipresent. 

" Who is this Williams," began to be 
whispered about, as the crowd watched him, 
now with the ball, now the first to tackle, 
through the line, around the end, everywhere 
until the Walden men seemed to take courage, 
and imbibe the spirit and strength of their 

Eva, with a pale face, leaned forward 
grasping the railing in front of her. 




The game was closer than 'peacock men 
had anticipated, but the} 7 drew ia long breath 
of relief when word was passed along that the 
referee's watch indicated but three minutes 
more, and Peacock was winning 10 to 6. 

Walden had the ball, but seemed to dash 
itself in vain against the solid wall of its 
opponent, near the middle of the field. 

The Peacock stand was growing more 
and more excited. Victory was certain. 
The blue ribbons fluttered in the air like 
poplar leaves in September. 

Suddenly out of the struggling crowd in 
the field rushed a man wearing the terra- 
cotta uniform of Walden. His head was 
bent forward, his muscles set for the dash. 
He carried the ball under his arm. 

A Peacock man tackled, but Walden's 
captain sacrificed himself and rolled with the 
tackier on the ground. 

Onward rushed the runner with two 
Peacock men close at his heels. 

"It is that Williams," whispered the 
crowd on the stand. 

" It's Jim Vining," said the Walden men 
along the ropes. 

Onward dashed the runner, forced to a 
diagonal course, directly toward the stand. 

The Peacock allies had suddenly grown 
quiet. The blue ribbons ceased to flutter. 
The fair patronesses kept silence. 

All but one. One little lady on the front 
seat stood up, and, waving her handkerchief 
over the railing, forgot the blue ribbon she 
wore and shouted in her excitement, " Run 
Jim ! run ! Turn to the right ! " 

Jim ran. He seemed to gain new strength. 
He turned sharply and curving to the right 
kept within bounds. 

A Peacock tackier had his hand upon his 
shoulder. He was shaken off. Again he 
seized him and leaped upon his back. Jim 
staggered under the load. A few more steps 
forward, and he fell across the line and rolled 
toward the goal posts. 

A mighty shout went up from the Walden 
men. The score was tied, and Jack Wells 
could never miss so easy a goal. 

" A sprained ankle," said the doctor, as 
the crowd gathered round the prostrate 
victor. " He ought to have care immediately; 
must not go on the train to-night." 

"A lady says take Mr. Vining, I mean 
Mr. Williams, to Mrs. Wellington's on Bridge 
Street," announced a bystander. 

So Grandmother Wellington had another 
Thanksgiving visitor. She had learned to 
like the manly fellow in her summer visits to 
Pinevale, and her warm heart received him 
with tender sympathy. 

The next day as Jim laj r stretched out on 
the lounge in the sunny front room, Eva 
entered bringing the morning's paper. 

" You wicked boy," she said, " to disobey 
jour parents. You see what came of it. If 
you did it for fame, that's all the fame you 
got with your makebelieve name," and she 
tossed him the paper. 

Jim read of the phenomenal playing of 
the unknown Williams, who won the cham- 
pionship for Walden. 

" That's all the fame you got by it," re- 
peated Eva. 

But Jim did not do it for fame. He 
looked up at the smiling girl. She wore a 
bit of terra-cotta ribbon in her button-hole. 

Addition to the Art Building. 
TTRCHITECTURAL i mprovemei , t8 on the 

/ *■ campus are still increasing. The latest 
is the proposed addition to the Walker Art 
Building, although the building itself is not 
completed yet. In order that the structure 
may have a more finished and elegant exterior 
the donors have decided to place a stone and 
brick terrace around the two sides and front. 
This terrace will extend from the base of 
the building proper for a width of over fifteen 
feet, and will terminate in a parapet wall two 



feet high. The surrounding campus will rise 
slightly toward the wall, but when it reaches 
the wall, will be about five feet lower than 
its top. 

The foundations of this wall will extend 
eight feet below the ground level. The wall 
itself will be over 300 feet long and built of 
cut stone. Only one flight of steps will lead 
up to the terrace from the campus, and these, 
directly in front of the main entrance, will 
be nearly forty feet in width and about six 
feet in height. The upper flight of steps, 
leading from the terrace to the portico, will 
be laid this fall, and work on this addition 
will be pushed as far as possible before winter. 
The exact figures on the addition are not 
known yet, but the estimated cost will be 
about $10,000. 

An Allegory. 

'^1 IF WAS long past the hour of midnight, 
-*■ according to the reckoning by the moon, 
which, from its lofty height in the sky, shed 
a mellow light over all terrestrial objects, 
when I found myself walking abroad along 
a well-trodden path, which I recognized as 
unmistakably leading to the Walker Art 
Building on Bowdoiu's fair campus. Ad- 
vancing a little farther in my wanderings, I 
felt that I was being irresistibly led on by 
some other influence than my own will, 
toward the entrance of the new structure. 
On either side of me I noticed huge blocks 
of stone, cut and chiseled, ready to be used 
as constructing material on the morrow and 
following days. 

Directly past these objects, which threw 
clear-cut shadows across my path, I pursued 
my course straight on toward the plank walk, 
which gave entrance to the edifice. High 
above my head I could perceive a long arm 
stretching out from the summit of the un- 
completed building, which I readily called 
to mind as the ponderous steam-crane, so 

clearly visible by daylight, as it towered far 
above everything else in its immediate neigh- 
borhood. Passiug on through the door-way, 
guarded by enormous pillars, I considered 
not which way to turn, but still guided by 
that unknown force, which I felt, but had 
not strength enough to resist, I walked di- 
rectly on over the same loosely-laid boards that 
I had once before traversed during the day- 
time. I could not look down, neither to the 
right nor left, for my eyes were riveted on 
an object drawing speedily nigh unto me. 

Suddenly I halted and waited for a nearer 
approach of the figure, for now I could per- 
ceive that it had an upright appearance as of 
a person walking, and was clothed in a white 
raiment. Had I cherished a belief in ghosts, 
I might well have shuddered and then pre- 
cipitously fled, but having no faith in ap- 
paritions or anything of the sort, I remained 
rigidly silent and expectant. Aroused from 
this apathy, into which I had fallen, by the 
creaking boards on which I stood, I opened 
my mouth and boldly addressed the white- 
robed figure, saying, " May I ask who you 
are, and wiry you are here ? " Then the vis- 
itor answered encouragingly: "Certainly, 
why not? I am called Idle Curiosity, some- 
times Laziness, and I always like to assist 
people to a further acquaintance, whenever 
they cherish any sentiments regarding me, 
and I try to meet them half-way. When 
you crossed the threshold yonder, you en- 
tered upon what is commonly known as 
Life's Career. Already I perceive you are 
here with no idle purpose in view, therefore 
I will leave you." 

Meditating on what these words implied, 
I started forward in the darkness toward the 
adjoining room, but had not proceeded far 
before I became conscious of an apparition 
still in my pathway. Supposing it to be my 
recent acquaintance I was seized with a 
desire to escape all further communication, 
and passed speedily by. I had even com- 



menced to ascend the ladder, which led to 
the loftier apartments of the building, when 
I imagined I felt a light touch on my shoulder, 
and a voice saying : " My name is Persever- 
ance, and I always take notice of those who 
attempt to mount higher, for that clearly 
proves that such persons are numbered among 
my followers. Always persevere and you 
will surely succeed." With this parting ad- 
monition the object disappeared from view 
and I continued my way upward, while I 
thought within myself, this is truly a co- 
incidence, for all who persevere are sure to 
mount upward in their career. 

■ When I had attained the summit of the 
ladder I had no sooner looked around me 
than I became conscious of a white-robed 
stranger sitting serenely on the very edge of 
the unfinished wall. Presuming such quietude 
was only the result of sleep, I gradually ap- 
proached nearer for a closer inspection. Dis- 
turbed by my approach, the figure raised its 
bowed head and stared at me. 

"I know you," I said, "j'ou are Advent- 
uresomeness. I have often heard of you but 
was never allured by your charms." "You 
are that one," I continued, "who tempts 
people in their upward progress to such risks 
for the attainment of material things, as, 
when deliberating, they know full well they 
ought not to incur." "I will have nothing 
to do with you," I muttered. Greatly vexed 
at this apparently uncalled-for vehemence on 
my part, the figure remained silent and 

Moving on I was obliged to climb another 
ladder in order to reach the highest part of 
the structure ; still I was directed by some 
unseen power to reach that certain inde- 
finable something that I was after. Having 
ascended to the top of the building I rested 
a moment and then, with that true instinct 
which enables a somnambulist to walk un- 
harmed in the midst of threatening dangers, 
I seemed to myself to still continue walking 

slowly along the narrow and insecure planks, 
which I inferred were the embodiments of 
Jealousy, which a man often evokes from his 
personal enemies, and the others, Adverse 
Circumstances and Scorn, which forever 
attend a person striving to "press onward 
and upward." 

Another figure now presented itself before 
me and, upon questioning, I discovered it to 
be Fame, otherwise known as Notoriety. 
Applying this personification to a person's 
progressive state in life, I saw that a rising 
man, after safely surviving the attacks of 
opponents and living down, as it were, petty 
jealousies and enmities, is always sure to 
attain either fame or notoriety, by the man- 
ner in which he succeeds in passing through 
perilous stages in his career. The next 
stranger I encountered was a bright and 
shining figure standing erect on the very 
tip-top of the dome. Still musing, I asked 
myself, is not this true to life ? After acquir- 
ing fame or notoriety, do not we prosper 
according to whether we attain fame in its 
purest sense, or notoriety in its truest sense? 

Now as I gazed intently on the glowing 
object before me, I perceived a' shadowy 
figure retreating from my vicinity. Draw- 
ing nigh unto the shining one, I asked her 
who she was. Quickly the answer came, " I 
am Success and the evil one departing is 
Failure." " You are the lovely one I seek," 
I cried out, and with that I attempted to 
embrace her, but suddenly the figure disap- 
peared and I saw in my dream only the black 
opening in the dome into which I was about 
to plunge head-foremost. With a jump I 
endeavored to recover myself, and at the 
same moment I heard a voice saying, "not 
yet." " Not yet, what," I asked myself, now 
thoroughly awake. As I lay quietly think- 
ing a moment of my dream, for dream it had 
surely been, and interpreting the last re- 
sponse "not yet" still ringing in my ears, I 
said to myself, applying the words as an 



utterance of the personifications met with in 
my dream, " that not yet means that I have 
not yet attained the purpose of my life. 
Success has come not yet." 

The Psychological Qualities of a 
Good Speech. 

IN THE " Chat " column of the Williams 
Literary Monthly for October appears the 
following narrative in regard to one of our 
alumni, who is just as dear to two generations 
of Bowdoin men as he is to his fishermen 
parishioners : 

The faculty of adapting one's self to the thoughts 
and conditions of others is a precious possession, 
whether born of nature or art. Not long ago Chat 
attended service at a little church on a sequestered 
island. The audience consisted of half a dozen 
summer cottagers and about fifty fisher-people as 
densely ignorant as any human beings within the 
pale of civilization. " Big attendance to-day," Chat 
observed to a grizzled fisherman. " Yaas," drawled 
the salt; "ye see, lie alius gives us suthin' stirrin'," 
pointing to a little old man in black just entering 
the door. He it was who had been secured to fill 
the pulpit that day, in the absence of the regular 
pastor. " Two to one that chap can't preach," said 
a summer youth on the rear seat; " and what if he 
could? These old salts wouldn't kuow a good 
preacher if they heard one. Oh, hum!" and he 
settled back for a snooze. As the preacher entered, 
he took off a large, old-fashioned derby, thrust well 
down over his ears. His clothes were wrinkled and 
of an antique cut, his face was brown and furrowed 
and his form bent, as if with much pulling of sheets 
and oars. From the opening word of his discourse 
he addressed himself directly and solely to the 
fisher-people, using no illustration that was not 
drawn from things more or less familiar to them, 
though his sermon abounded in allusions. Now it 
was the wreck of a brig on the rocks of Maine, aud 
now a rescue off the coast of England, from a burn- 
ing ship with shotted guns. His eyes sparkled as 
he saw the rude fisher-folk upturning their faces 
eagerly to him, clenching their hard fists and moving 
uneasily in their seats in the effort to control their 
pent-up feelings, as he unrolled to them the pano- 
rama of scenes and events of the sea. Indescribable 
was the effect when he concluded thus, while his 

eye seemed to catch the fire of his spirit and his 
voice grew marvelously strong and clear: "I see 
the ship of Zion. There she rides! A hurricane 
howls through her rigging and rattles the ice of the 
spray upon her shrouds. She leaps, reels, and 
plunges; her masts quiver; her ratlines creak ; her 
timbers groan. I see her colors stream, untattered, 
in the gale ; I hear the song of the crew upon her 
deck — yea, above the thunder of waters, the name 
of Him who walked the billow and stilled the storm ! 
She breasts the billow, she rides the gale; and not 
a blast from the rolling cloud, not a wave from the 
rushing sea can snap those stays or timbers or drag 
those cables home ! " 

When church was over the summer youth before 
mentioned turned to Chat and asked, " Who was 
that old chap?" " That old chap?" echoed a 
bystander in reply, " why, that old chap is Elijah 
Kellogg. He wrote ' Spartacus to the G-ladiators' 
and ' Regulus to the Carthaginians' ! " 

TITHE Pessioptimist often wonders why so 
-*- few of his fellow-students inflict their 
presence on the various church sociables 
and informal affairs given in town. Don't 
we have time, or are we a set of unsociable, 
bear-like beings, hived up within the college 
walls to suck our own paws during the long 
winter evenings? Does college life make a 
man an unrelenting recluse, abhorrent of the 
society of the outside world? 

If yon feel that it does, gird on your 
armor of unabashed self-possession and put 
on your Sunday clothes, and embrace some 
of the opportunities offered for enjoying an 
evening in some other than that narrowing 
intellectual atmosphere which some of us 
are breathing altogether too much. 

Don't think you are growing broad by 
sunning yourself in the light of your own 
intellect. It's very apt not to be over 
brilliant. Go out into the world and let 
some one else cast a few luminous rays into 



the dark recesses of your brain, that you 
yourself are unable to illumine. 

* * * * * 

"Is 'wooding' a peculiarity of Bowdoin?" 
the Pessioptimist sometimes asks himself. 
Whether it is or not we are surely very 
proficient in the art, and there are very few 
who will not graduate with a summa cum laude 
in this branch of the college curriculum. 
But did you ever notice that perhaps the 
greatest adepts in this line are the Freshmen ? 
There seems to be nothing more to their 
gratification than to get rid of their exuber- 
ance of spirits thus. Perhaps it is because 
it is so new and strange a privilege, coming 
as they do from the restrictions of a fitting 
school. It takes considerable provocation 
to incite a Senior class to such activity. 

* * * * * 

Some of our professors are very tender 
hearted, and dislike exceedingly to hurt the 
feelings of anyone. The Pessioptimist heard 
a pretty good verification of this fact the 
other day. A very popular member of the 
Faculty met a certain Junior, who the night 
before had called at the professor's house, 
and, forgetful boy that he was, had left his 
umbrella, which he described as being brass- 
headed and having his name scratched on it 
with a pin. Imagine his surprise when, on 
meeting the man of letters next day, he was 
told that a gold-headed umbrella,- engraved 
with his initials, "B. — . — .," had been left 
the night before. The young man firmly 
believes that professors have very vivid imag- 
inations or are all alchemists. 

Does college life make a man lazy? The 
Pessioptimist gives it up, but he does know 
of some examples in college of the most 
unmitigated laziness, if rumor speaks aright. 
Why, it is said that one of our "grave and 
reverend" Seniors is so utterly worn out 
with the trials and tribulations of a day's 
existence on this mundane sphere that he is 

totally unable to remove his hat before going 
to bed. And it is moreover related of this 
individual that sleep so far overcomes him 
oftentimes that he is absolutely without 
strength to take off his clothes, but seeks his 
night's repose on the sofa in full dress. Let 
this man bear the palm until we hear of a 



There is mighty little satisfaction nowa- 
days in celebrating a peanut drunk or a 
turkey supper. No one seems to know or 
care when they come off. Somebody obtains 
a good sized "gobbler," has him cooked, and 
brings along a lot of " fixings," cranberry 
sauce, etc. That part of it is all very 
pleasant and the feast is doubtless a rare 
treat to some of the Sophomoric appetites; 
but when they leave the remains of the 
festivities in chapel for the Juniors to play 
patty-cake with it's not so agreeable, espe- 
cially if some of those patty-cakes happen 
to find lodgment on the back of your unsus- 
pecting neck. This is a new phase in the 
history of turkey suppers, and these post- 
prandial exercises could be done away with 
with very little reluctance on the part of 
the sufferers. 

I^byme ^d I^eagorp. 

A November Woe. 

Long is summer fled, 
Autumn, too, is sped, 
And I meditate 
On man's chaugeful fate. 

Life is full of change; 
Ah ! ; Tis passing strange ; 
Reasons who can give 
For this life we live? 

Some philosopher 
Reasons may aver, 
But they won't suit me, — 
We shall not agree. 



Mild vicissitude 
I will grant is good, 
But I muse with grief 
On the fallen leaf, 

On the dismal fall ; 
And the change I call 
Far too great to bear 
With a meek despair. 

But the bitterness 
Which I would express 
Has sufficient cause, 
One that pleasure gnaws, 

Eats my little joys, 
And my soul annoys ; 
Bitter though I be 
Who is not like me? 

Who's content and kind, 
Who has peace of miud, 
Doth not inly swear, 
In thick underwear? 

The Dead Leader. 

As oft at break of day the gladsome lark, 
Awakes with melody the slumbering earth, 
Nor dreams of care or grief, but high in air 
Rejoices in the power of his wings, 

So youth's glad days passed by. 

As from its source mid mountain glens and peaks, 
The mighty river, broadening as it flows, 
Sweeps onward, silent, irresistible, 
And in due time gains its appointed goal, 
So manhood honor brought. 

As gently, softly on a winter's night, 
The pure snow crystals of the upper air 
Leave their accustomed haunts and gladly go 
To finish their existence in another world, 
So passed his soul from earth. 

Bowdoin Men. 

I have seen a line extending 
From the East unto the West. 

I have noticed the close blending 
Of the poorest, and the best 

From the same small point, expanding 
To the North, and South, as well. 

Laurels from the high, demanding. 
All a tale of power tell. 

I have watched the baud increasing. 

Seen them onward, upward rise. 
Their march forward never ceasing, 

Ever, reaching toward the skies. 

And, you ask, who are these, working, 

Falling, but to rise again ; 
Never failing, never shirking ? 

And I answer, Bowdoin men. 

The Song of the Sailors. 

[From the French of Souvestre.] 

sing and drink with foaming glass; 

Oue day is left for pleasure yet; 
But change the wind— then, land, farewell; 

To-morrow morn our sails are set. 
The sky is clear; the breeze blows o'er; 

It is for us that shines the sun; 
Our song rings out along the shore, 

Fear not ! Fear not ! God guides us on. 

And when the waves from every shock, 

Are shattered at the vessel's side, 
Then far aloft the cabin boy 

Still sends his song across the tide. 
Despite the waves or tempests then, 

Despite the winds or gloom of night, 
Fear not! Fear not ! Brave sailor men, 

'Tis ever God who guides us right. 

Tutor Hunt, who was taken 
sick last week, has gone 
to his home in Bangor. 

The recital of "Julius Caesar" by 
Hannibal A. Williams in the court- 
room last week drew a large and select 
audience. We seem to be having a rare treat in 
Shakespeare recitals this term. 
Boardmau is at home sick. 
Dudley, '95, has returned to college. 
Meade, '95, has returned to college. 
North Maine Hall was opened November 12th. 
The Unitarians held their annual fair Tuesday 
afternoon and evening of last week. 



Gummer, '92, was seen on the campus the other 

Stevens, '94, who has been home ill, has re- 
turned, v 

Sousa's Marine Band is advertised in town for 
the 22d. 

Leighton, '94, spent Sunday recently with his 
parents. " 

The new college-pins are very pretty and 

President Hyde preached one Sunday recently 
in Wellesley. 

We are glad to learn that we are to have a Glee 
and Banjo Club. 

The recent snow-storms put an end to tennis 
playing for this year. 

Pierce, '96, was on the sick list last week, but 
has returned to college. 

The voters among the students got their attend- 
ance rank on election day. 

Badger, '95, has taken the High School at 
Anson for a four months' term. 

A few of the students attended the " Living 
Whist " in Lewiston the other night. 

Machan and Bagley have removed their store 
from North Winthrop to 19 North Maine. 

Owing to the poor patronage of the students, 
the Ragan course of lectures netted only $30.00. 

The Y. M. C. A. observed last week as the Week 
of Prayer by special meetings held every afternoon. 

McArthur, '93, and Hinkley and Pickard, '94, 
witnessed the Harvard-Tale foot-ball game, Sat- 

The A Y fraternity will be represented on the 
'94 Bugle, but has not yet selected a man for the 

The recent Shakespeare recitals have been well 
attended by the students, and have been most en- 
joyable occasions. 

Rev. Wm. P. Fisher, the former pastor of the 
Brunswick Congregational church, spoke in chapel a 
week ago Sunday. 

There will be a class in the Gym. this winter 
that will take a foot-ball drill, if there is to be no 
boating next spring. 

The circulation of the Library books for October, 
was 432; average per day, 17 ; greatest daily cir- 
culation, 32. 

One of the Juniors had rather an embarrassing 
moment when he mistook a Professor back-to for a 
student of the same name. 

The Freshmen received their charts, Thursday, 
from Professor Whittier, and are now eating, sleep- 
ing, and working strictly by rule. 

Payson, '93, and W. W. Thomas, '94, attended 
the A K E convention, which was held in Chat- 
tanooga, Tenn., two days of last week. 

The Gym. is becoming a popular resort once 
more. The compulsory work will begin, as usual, 
immediately after the Thanksgiving recess. 

Among those present at the teachers' convention 
held in town recently, were Prof. Purington, '78, 
Kimball, '87, Mitchell, '90, and Merriman, '92. 

Though the "Kirmess" is a thing of the past, 
its effects are to be seen in the frequent visits that 
certain students still pay to the "Shipping City." 

TheSophomores had their long-delayed " Turkey 
supper" a week ago Friday night, and, as usual, 
adorued the seats in chapel with the frag- 

President Hyde, in his Bible class Tuesday 
evenings, is taking up Theological doctrines and 
problems in a very interesting way. The attend- 
ance is quite large. 

There is some talk among the college authori- 
ties of having a collection of portraits, autographs, 
and other like memorials, of distinguished alumni 
of the college at the World's Fair. 

Professor Robinson took the Senior mineralogy 
class to Portland last Friday to study the various 
processes of iron manufacture in the rolling mills 
and the Portland Company's works. 

The A X convention met in Boston Wednesday, 
Thursday, and Friday of last week. The Eta 
Chapter was represented by Howard, Bucknam, 
Barker, '93, Pickard, '94, and Stetson, Bryant, and 
Leighton, '95. 

After the Bowdoin-Brown foot-ball game, a 
large part of the team stopped over on their way 
home to see the Exeter-Andover game at Andover ; 
Carleton, Payson, and Baldwin, '93, and E. Thomas, 
'94, went on to New York to witness the game be- 
tween Yale and the University of Pennsylvania. 

Professor Hutchins had the Juniors over at the 
Observatory Thursday evening, and showed them 
the comet which has lately made its appearance. 
He also pointed out the various constellations and 
principal stars, and then exhibited some fine draw- 
ings of celestial phenomena. 



The Brunswick and Topsham Democratic clubs 
advertised a torch-light procession for last Saturday 
evening-. Illuminations, fire-works, cannon, bon- 
fires, transparencies, and all other tokens of victory 
were among the " features," and, after the march, a 
grand spread. The College club was invited to act 
as escort. 

It really looks as if one at least of the class foot- 
ball games would come off this year, that between 
the Sophomores and Freshmen. There has been 
some discussion as to whether 'Varsity men should 
be allowed to play, since '95's team would be largely 
made up of such players. Finally the Freshmen in 
a class-meeting voted to play any way, and accord- 
ingly have begun work. It has not yet been decided 
when the game will take place. 

The celebrated Fayerweather will is being again 
contested, this time by the heirs of Mrs. Fayer- 
weather. This will in all probability not affect the 
special bequests to the colleges, even though it be 
successful, but only the gifts that have since been 
bestowed by the executors from their own share. 
Bowdoin has already received $80,000 of her 
part, and, while the remaining $20,000 may be 
delayed for some time, still it will doubtless ulti- 
mately come. 



Bowdoin, 8; Brown, 0. 

Friday, November 11th, Bowdoin lined up 
against Browu, on Lincoln Field, Providence, and 
succeeded in adding another game to her unbroken 
series of successes this season. The teams were well 
matched in size and weight, but Brown proved 
unable to keep up with the pace set by her oppo- 

In the first half Bowdoin played with much 
snap, Carleton and Fairbanks each scoring a touch- 
down, but Carleton failing to kick the desired goals. 
In the second half neither side was able to score. 
Brown played a sharper game than in the first and 
nearly succeeded in making a touchdown, when 
Bowdoin got the ball and soon carried it back to 
the center of the field. The playing of Capt. Carle- 
ton, Fairbanks, and Sykes, was particularly good, 

while Robinson showed up best on the opposing 
team. The men lined up as follows : 

Bowdoin, Position. Brown, 

Quimby. Eight End. j g™ge. 

Ridley. Right Tackle. Nott. 

Shay. Right Guard. Call. 

Dewey. Centre. Smith. 

Stone. Left Guard. Hastings. 

Kimball. Lett Tackle. J A 'j ^.• i ^ Sey ' 

Chapman. Left End. E.N.Casey. 

Fairbanks. Quarter-back. Matteson. 

I Straight, 
Half-backs. < Green, 

( Weeks. 
Carleton. Full-back. Robinson. 

Score— Bowdoin, 8; Brown, 0. Touchdowns— Carle- 
ton, Fairbanks. Umpire— Mr. Howland of Yale. Ref- 
eree—Mr. Ross of Bowdoin. 

Payson , 



The record which Bowdoin has made this year 
on the foot-ball field is one which cannot fail to 
excite enthusiasm among the undergraduates and 
alumni, and inspire respect among the other New 
England colleges. We started out with gloomy 
prospects, the team being light and to a great ex- 
tent inexperienced, but through the patient and 
persistent work of Capt. Carleton, the team has 
been put through a thorough system of training, 
which has shown its results very clearly. This 
demonstrates the good result of practice. It is 
coming to be seen more and more at Bowdoin, as it 
should be, that no man is so essential to athletics 
that his playing is a matter of course, whether he 
trains conscientiously or not. We hope this will be 
borne in mind by future captains in all the branches 
of athletics. 

One thing which will help Bowdoiu's foot-ball 
prospects in the future is the interest which is 
taken in the game throughout the schools of the 
State. This is the secret of the success of the 
Massachusetts colleges and cannot fail to be a ben- 
efit here. Another great help, and one which has 
often before been suggested by the Orient, would 
be the playing of class games after the 'Varsity 
season. This will bring out new and perhaps un- 
suspected material. We sincerely hope that this 
successful season of foot-ball at Bowdoin may be 
culminated by an interesting, and at the same time 
useful, series of class games. 

The summary of the games played by Bowdoin 
this season is as follows : 

October 1, Bowdoin, 26. Philips Exeter, i. 

October 12, Bowdoin, 56. Westbrook Seminary, 0. 



October 15, Bowdoin, 56. Colby, 0. 

October 21, Bowdoin, 38. West Roxbury, 0. 

October 22, Bowdoin, 36. Philips Andover, 0. 

October 25, Bowdoin, 10. Boston A. A., 10. 

November 5, Bowdoin, 22. Colby, 4. 

November 11, Bowdoin, 8. Brown, 0. 

In a recent paper we noticed the following letter 
from the corresponding secretary of a college asso- 
ciation : "We find our- college field somewhat 
limited this year. All the young men boarding at 
the dormitory and those living near the college are 
Christians. We are glad to be able to report a col- 
lege so thoroughly Christian. Of course there are 
quite a number of young men who live ' down 
town' attending the college whom the college asso- 
ciation cannot reach." This unexampled case is so 
rare as to emphasize the uniformity of the opposite 
state of affairs. That all the students should be so 
thoroughly Christian as to limit the field of the 
college association is a state not found outside the 
limits of a very few places. As we consider this 
report and compare the condition of that associa- 
tion with our own, we are inclined to be discouraged 
and feel that we are doing comparatively nothing. 
Instead of being discouraged, however, we should 
be stimulated to more earnest work, and strive to 
bring our association nearer to that ideal state. 
Although we have not seen the results we should 
like to have seen during the past year, yet we can- 
not think that our labor has been in vain. We are 
told that " one soweth and another reapeth," and 
though we may not reap the fruits of our sowiug, 
we may be preparing the way for others to reap a 
glorious harvest. 

The week .of prayer was observed by the asso- 
ciations of the country during the week beginning 
November 13th. The Bowdoin association, as has 
been the custom for the past few years, held meet- 
ings on each day of the week. The attendance was 
rather small, yet a spirit of earnestness has pre- 
vailed and we cannot help feeling that the members 
who have attended have become reconsecrated to 
Christ and prepared to do better work in His vine- 


During the past year the college associations 
have been increased by the establishment of fifty- 
five new associations. 

The sum of $375 has been raised for religious 
work at Amherst this term. 

At Central "University, Iowa, seventy-five per 
cent, of the young men are Christians. Of these, 
ninety per cent, are in the association. 

At Brown University three quartets of students 
have been organized to carry on a work similar to 
that done at Bowdoin under the direction of our 
Neighborhood Work Committee. 

The first college Young Men's Christian Associa- 
tion was organized in 1858, at Ann Arbor, with a 
membership of niue, five of whom are still living. 

'37. — The well-knowu 
Maine historian, Hon. R. K. 
Sewall, of Wiscasset, author of the 
Ancient Dominions of Maine," thinks 
that it has been demonstrated beyond a 
doubt that the foundation of the famous 
Damariscotta shell heaps was made by the North- 
men, as similar deposits are found by recent inves- 
tigations to exist in the " Kjokken middens" 
of Norway. Mr. Sewall has prepared a paper on 
this subject which he will read during the coming 
winter before the Maine Historical Society. 

73. — A. F. Richardson, of the Castine Normal 
School, was among the speakers at the West 
Oxford Teachers' Convention, Lowell, October 28th 
and 29th. 

'73.— Among the speakers at the meeting of the 
Maine Schoolmasters' Club, held at the Tontine Ho- 
tel, Brunswick, Me., November 12th, were: Prof. 
F. C. Robinson, '73, in response to the Toast, "The 
Freshman and his Fit," and H. K. White, '74, of 
the Bangor High School. Other Bowdoin men 
present were: A. F. Richardson, 73; B. P. Snow, 
'55; D. H. Dale, M. S.,'71; C. Fish, '65; A. W. 
Tolman, '88 ; Prof. H. L. Chapman, '66 ; G. C. Pur- 
ington, 78 ; W. B. Mitchell, '90 ; W. I. Weeks, '90 ; 
Prof. A. W. Moody, '82; Prof. Henry Johnson, 74. 

74. —Dr. F. A. Bickford, a graduate of the New 
York College of Physicians and Surgeons, who has 
been a surgeon in the United States army during 
the past ten years, has located in Old Town to prac- 
tice his profession. 



'76. — Tbis ship is in command of J. E. Sewall, 
ex-'76. The big Yankee sailing ship Susquehanna, 
arrived in New York, November J5th, after com- 
pleting her maiden Atlantic and Pacific passage. 
She made the triangular passage from New York to 
San Francisco, San Francisco to Liverpool, Liver- 
pool to Sandy Hook, a total of 39,000 miles, in 270 
running days, an average of 1444 miles per day. 

77. — Rev. E. M. Cousins, pastor of the Congre- 
gational church at Westbrook, Me., has been deliv- 
ering a course of lectures on "Home Influences." 
The course has been very popular and well attended. 

'78. — G. C. Purington was elected chairman of 
the executive committee of the Schoolmasters' Club, 
which met in Brunswick, November 12th. 

Medical School, '79.— Dr. C. D. Smith and a 
party of friends are at Old Stream, near Machias, 
this week, deer hunting. 

'83. — William A. Perkins is in the graduate 
school of Harvard University studying Mathematics 
and Physics. 

'84. — W. H. Cothren, formerly manager of the 
Edison Company, in Chicago, 111., has a position 
under the consolidated company in New York. 

'85.— The following card has been received: 
Mr. Eben Winthrop Freeman, Miss Nellie Grant 
Elliot, married Wednesday, November 16, 1892, 
Brunswick, Me. At homo Thursdays, after January 
1st, 2 Fessenden Street, Oakdale, Portland. 

'86. — I. W. Home is superintendent of schools in 
Braintree, Mass. Mr. Home has resigned his school 
at Quincy. 

'87. — Cards have been received announcing the 
marriage of William Lewis Gahan and Miss Louisa 
Merrill of Brunswick, Me. 

'87.— Merton Kimball and Miss Eva Cook were 
married November 15, 1892. Mr. and Mrs. Kimball 
will reside in Norway, Me. 

'88.— H. C. Hill is with Ginn & Co., Boston, 

'89.— F. Russell is with R. D. Green & Co., 42 
Lincoln Street, Boston, Mass. 

'89. — Earl Merrill is putting in an electric rail- 
road at Binghamptou, N. Y. 

'90. — George F. Freeman has resigned his school 
at Hyde Park and has entered the Harvard Medical 

'91. — Gould Porter spent November 14th in 

'92. — E. H. Wilson is in the law ofHce of Symonds, 
Snow & Cook, of Portland. 

'92. — L. K. Lee will teach this winter at White 
Rock, Me. 

'92. — F. V. Gammer has finished his school at 
Livermore Falls. Mr. Gummer's present address is 
Brunswick, Me. 

'92. — H. R. Gurney is recovering from typhoid 
fever, and will soon be able to take his position as 
instructor in English, at Poughkeepsie. 


" I used to cwease ray trousers, 
And I got quite used to that; 
But now, baw Jove," said Cholly, 
"I have to cwease my hat." — Yale Record. 

William Astor has promised $1,000,000 to found 
a negro university in Oklahoma. 

University of Pennsylvania is to have a new 
dormitory, costing $125,000. It will be the largest 
in the United States. 

Harvard was the first of the American colleges 
to open a graduate school. The first degree of 
Doctor was given in 1873. 

The University of Minnesota has adopted a plan 
of electing speakers for Commencement. There 
will be a series of oratorical contests during the 
Senior year, and the ten having the highest stand- 
ings in these represent the class on Commencement 

■woman's view. 

It takes a maid to help a man 
To execute his glorious plan; 
Columbus's dream had been in vain 
But for one woman's aid from Spain. 

— Mount Holyoke. 

Cornell is mentioned as a possible successor to 
Wesleyan in the Intercollegiate Foot-Ball League. 
The latter team is altogether too weak for the other 

Says the Brunonian: " Foot-ball at Brown is 
now at an important crisis. This season's work will 
either arouse lasting enthusiasm of such a nature as 



to advance the sport here greatly, or it will give the 
game a serious set-back of long duration. Now is 
the time to realize this fact and to accomplish the 
former of these two possibilities." 

Ann Arbor and Williams keep their libraries 
open on Sundays. 

Stagg has organized all the male members of the 
undergraduate department of the University of 
Chicago into foot-ball teams. 

Of the sixty-five thousand students in American 
universities and colleges four thousand are prepar- 
ing for the ministry. 

Tale has students from fifteen foreign countries. 


Would I call them sweet? Ah, no, 

They would laugh at me for my pains, 
Call them winning, witty, and wise, 

Or whatever else takes brains. 
Yet thou knowest they're sweet ? Ah, yes, 

But you're only a Freshie, my boy; 
In a few more years you'll confess 

Their sweetness is mostly alloy. 

— Unit. 

The Brunonian has the following to say with 
regard to college professors and politics: "The 
narrowness which condemns a college faculty to 
silence on political issues is utterly incongruous in 
our present age. Devotion to party need not imply 

contempt of your opponents. Nor should the mature 
conclusions of cultured men meet with aught but 
respectful treatment. The sneers of the press at 
professorial theories are childish and unjustifiable." 

In the University of Chicago one floor of the 
graduate dormitory contains representatives of 
Clark, Cornell, Bowdoin, Wesleyan, Rochester, and 
Colgate universities. 

It is reported that Cambridge Uuiversity, Eng- 
land, is crowded for want of funds. It practically 
has no endowment. It could not make a necessary 
addition to the library building of $1,500. The 
English papers are putting out strong appeals for 
its support. 


My dear, thy music-breathing lips 

Two red assassins are, 
For when King's English 'tween them slips 

'Tis murdered then and there. 

What though they tortured every word! 

I'd love thee none the less, 
If from them one sweet sound I heard, — 

Just one, a whispered " Yes." 

— Brunonian. 

Prof. A. A. Stagg, physical director at the Uni- 
versity of Chicago, is lecturing throughout the West 
on "The Modern Athlete." 



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Magazines, Music, etc., Bound iu a Neat and Durable Manner. 
Ruling and Blank Book Work of Every Description done to order. 

Mention Orient when Patronizing Our Advertisers. 


Vol. XXII. 


No. 11. 





C. W. Peabody, '93, Managing Editor. 

H. C. Fabyan, '93, Assistant Managing Editor. 

B. L. Bryant, '95, Business Manager. 

W. P. Chamberlain, '93. F. M. Shaw, '93. 

M. S. Clifford, '93. H. E. Andrews, '94. 

R. B. Goodell, '93. F. J. Libby, '94. 

F. W. Pickard, '94. 

. $2.00. 
15 Cents. 

Per annum, in advance, 

Single Copies, 

Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Manager. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Manager. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Rhyme and Reason Department should be 
sent to Box 1100, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should be sent to Box 4, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post-OBice at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 


Vol. XXII., No. 11.— December 14, 1892. 

Editorial Notes, .- . 

Old Harvard Rules, 

Only a Slight Break, 

Delta Kappa Epsilon Convention 

Theta Delta Chi Annual Convention 


The Pessioptimist 

Rhyme and Reason: 



Junior Reviews 

The Chapel Bell 


In Chicago, 

Mistaken Identity, 

Collegii Tabula, 


Y. M. C. A., 

Personal, 189 

College World, . .' 190 

There is sometimes seen in col- 
lege a tendency, apparently handed down 
from fitting-school ideals, which glories in 
getting the best of the Professor. "Sticking 
it into the Professor," is the technical name 
which it goes b} r . It consists principally in 
neglecting to master some branch of study 
supposed to be for the advantage of the 
student to know, and then, by concealing 
the true state of the case from the real 
or apparent knowledge of the Professor, ex- 
periencing the satisfaction of knowing the 
consequent detriment to the Professor and 
gain to the student. This tendency is more 
marked at some times than at others. Re- 
view and examination weeks are the periods 
most opportune for its widest spread. Some 
classes are more prone to it than others. In 
some an earnest spirit gets the better of this 
shirking habit. The conquest of one or the 
other of these tendencies marks the success 
or failure of the class. Whichever is upper- 
most in the institution determines whether 
it shall be a college or a play-house. It is 
possible for the Professor to exert a great 
influence for good or bad, but it depends on 
the united intelligence of the students to 
determine which spirit is to prevail, and the 
result is of greater importance than the cur- 
riculum to the standing of the college. 



TT7HERE has necessarily been some grum- 
-*■ bling at the high rents of rooms in 
Maine Hall. It certainly seems to an out- 
sider, on comparing these rents with rents 
of city offices, or even whole houses, that 
the price could be lowered considerably if 
the college funds are to be used solely for 
the advancement of education. If a reduc- 
tion is not possible without loss, it will 
hardly pay the college to make such expen- 
sive improvements on the other dormitories, 
unless a wealthier class of students is ex- 
pected in the future. 

COMPULSORY chapel, when considered 
with too much stress upon the " com- 
pulsory," has sometimes met with strong 
opposition from the students. The large 
attendance at chapel this term, larger than 
at any time for at least three years, and the 
general contentment seems to indicate that 
the oppressive tyranny of the system is 
mainly imaginary. 

TITHE small audience at the lecture given 
-*- recently under the auspices of the Y. M. 
C. A., suggests an inquiry as to what are the 
proper methods of advertising an event of 
that kind in college. It would probably be 
surprising, to anybody who has not consid- 
ered the question, how difficult it is to bring 
such an event to the attention of even so 
small and compact a body as the students. 
We venture to say, however, that not one- 
half of the students knew that there was to 
be an illustrated popular lecture on Africa, 
by an officer of Stanley's on the Congo, and 
that it was to be delivered in Memorial Hall, 
December 1st, at eight o'clock, admission 25 
cents. Fewer still of the town people knew 
anything about it. 

Press notices are of no value, as nobody 
reads them. Flaming placards are better, but 
personal solicitation of subscriptions, and 

that in the most thorough manner is, in the 
absence of a daily paper, the only reliable 
method of advertising a lecture. If the 
Y. M. C. A. is to give a series of lectures 
this winter, it must make up its mind to 
advertise thoroughly, and not repeat the 
mistake of the Foot-Ball Association by rely- 
ing upon spontaneous generation for the 
production of audiences. 

WE publish in this number an interesting 
contribution from President McKeen, 
of the Bowdoin Alumni Association. It 
would be very pleasing if more of our alumni 
should favor us with" contributions. 

WE WISH all our subscribers a Merry 
Christmas and a Happy New Year. We 
wish it thus early in order- that our greeting 
may include the joy which comes from the 
anticipation of pleasant times. 

O^EVERAL of the colleges seem to be hav- 
fJ ing trouble with their reading-rooms in 
one way or another. Brown, Williams, and 
Colby in particular have lately been com- 
plaining, through their publications, of sev- 
eral evils attendant upon the reading-room 
management. The universal trouble seems 
to be the "swiping" and mutilating of the 
papers by the students, and the neglect of 
the management. In the Williams Weekly, 
attention is called to the " extensive clipping 
of the papers, some of them being reduced 
to a mere collection of margins, as if they 
had served the purpose of exchanges for the 
Weekly board." The Brown Herald com- 
plains of the management and suggests 
" that notices be sent to the officers of their 
election, as some of them seem not to be 
informed of their honors." At Colby there 
is trouble all round. The practice of steal- 
ing the papers has become so common that 
the illustrated weeklies are never seen in the 
room, and the manager has given up the 



attempt to put these papers on file and keeps 
them himself. This gives the Echo a good 
opportunity to give both students and man- 
ager a thorough dressing down, and it even 
ventures to deny the divine right of the stu- 
dents to use the reading-room for a foot-ball 

The moral seems to be that college read- 
ing-rooms should be put more closely under 
the management of the college. One phase 
of the question which is troubling the read- 
ing-room management in some of the colleges 
is not experienced at Bowdoin. That is 
the matter of finance. At Bowdoin the 
reading-room subscription goes on the term 
bills and is paid as a matter of course by 
every student in college. At least in this 
matter, in which the college takes the respon- 
sibility, our reading-room is secure from 

IN THE Psychology class this term, Pres- 
ident Hyde has introduced the topical 
method of instruction. This consists of 
placing on the blackboard the several topics 
or divisions of the lesson next following ; 
and then giving an oral explanation or 
synopsis of the lesson, taking up the topics 
one by one. This gives a framework for the 
student and is of great value in facilitating 
the mastery of the lesson. The system 
seems to have worked to the satisfaction of 
all, at least in so intricate a study as Psy- 
chology. Whether it would not in some 
studies be demoralizing to the attention of 
the student is a question which cannot be 
answered until further experiments are made. 
President Hyde is an earnest supporter of the 
method, and intends to deliver several ad- 
dresses upon it before teachers' associations 
in the State. 

TTS SOON as the Christmas vacation is 
/ •*■ over the captains of the base-ball and 
foot-ball teams should be elected in order 
that there may be no delay in getting the 

men to work in the Gymnasium. The same 
may be said of the Sophomore and Fresh- 
man crews, and if there is any of a college 
crew, the question should be settled imme- 
diately at the beginning of the winter term. 

Old Harvard Rules. 

To the Editors of the Orient : 

O'OME recent observations of one of your 
pJ contributors on the subject of college 
customs and class etiquette suggest that the 
readers of the Orient may be interested in 
some of the provisions found in the old laws 
of Harvard College. As a member of the 
committee to revise the laws of Bowdoin, I 
have had occasion to look at some of the 
early statutes of other colleges as well as 
our own. 

By a rule enforced in Harvard College in 
1650, it was provided : " No scholar shall take 
tobacco, unless permitted by the President 
with the consent of their parents or guard- 
ians, and on good reason first given by a 
physician, and then in a sober and private 
manner." So late as 1722, the extravagance 
of Commencements was checked by an ordi- 
nance prohibiting students "from preparing 
or providing either plum cake, or roasted, 
boiled or baked meats or pies of any kind." 
And some years later action was taken by 
the overseers to prevent "going about to 
evade this law by plain cake." It is worth 
noting that Harvard College sought to pre- 
serve the English language undefiled by 
enacting a law, early in the seventeenth 
century, as follows: "The scholars shall 
never use their mother-tongue, except that 
in public exercises of oratory, or such like, 
they be called to make them in English." 
In 1674 it was enacted that those guilty of 
" blasphemous language be publicly whipped 
before all the scholars, and then expelled," 
the whipping to be preceded by a prayer by 
the President. Among the rules of etiquette 



was one not repealed until as late as 1797, as 
follows : " No freshman shall wear his hat in 
the college yard, unless it rains, hails or 
snows, provided he be on foot and have not 
both hands full; and no under-graduate 
shall wear his hat in the College yard when 
any of the Governors of the College are 
there ; and no bachelor shall wear his hat 
when the President is there. No freshman 
shall speak to a senior with his (that is, the 
freshman's) hat on, or have it on in the 
senior's chamber or in his own if a senior be 
there." This will probably explain why it 
was made so uncomfortable for Quakers in 
Massachusetts. It may be mentioned that 
throughoutthe Colonial period the " fagging" 
system prevailed in full force. Minute reg- 
ulations and college laws prescribe the duties 
in this matter of the college freshman. For 
example, " No freshman when sent on an 
errand shall tell who he is going for, unless 
he be asked; nor shall he be obliged to tell 
what he is going for unless he be asked by a 
Governor of the College." Some of those 
customs which it was thought necessary to 
restrict may be conjectured from the list of 
fines inflicted for their indulgence. One 
might be absent from prayers for two pence, 
or tardy for one penny ; whereas the offense 
of going to meeting before the bell rang was 
sixpence. (This is commended to the too- 
previous people of our own time). To play 
cards cost two and sixpence ; to swear pro- 
fanely cost two and sixpence : whereas a 
scholar could be drunk for one and sixpence; 
the same price it cost him to gratify his 
heavenly aspirations by "going upon the top 
of the College," or "keeping prohibited 

li( l uors -" James McKeen. 

Only a Slight Break. 
TTFHAT Jack Turner was a "star," no one 
*■ had ever denied. From his early days 
of knickerbockers and roundabouts when 
he had been the despair and delight of his 

handsome mamma, till when, while pursuing 

a course of study at C College he was 

the plague and pride of his father's heart, 
his career had been one of unmitigated 
deviltry, so far as that could exist in connec- 
tion with unflinching honesty and sterling 
integrity. From the disgusted " policeman " 
of the little college town, to the host of love- 
lorn maidens who looked romantic and sighed 
plaintively when Jack went by, all gazed on 
him with a sort of vexatious admiration 
which was none the less strong than it was 

Jack was a great heart-winner, and had 
flirted desperately with every girl in town 
ere he had been in college two years. 

But this toying with the fates seemed to 
produce no harmful effects on him mentally 
or physically, and when he returned in the 
fall of 1890 from an amorously spent season 
at Bar Harbor, he was fresh and ready to 
meet the champions of feminine charms in 
the tender tourney of what this handsome 
young scapegrace was pleased to call " love." 

As before they tried all their arts to .capt- 
ure the gay Senior, but as he himself said, 
" he weighed them every one, and every one 
he found wanting" so he cast about him for 
a new fishing ground. 

Now, instead of boarding with his club, 
Jack took his daily bread at the house of a 
pretty, young widow, who, being left alone 
in the world by the death of her husband 
(a noble fellow who had willingly given his 
life for a fellow-man), had taken a few stu- 
dent boarders to help to " make both ends 
meet," and to keep from falling into a habit 
of mournful depression over the memory of 
the departed. 

Mrs. Palmerston (the aforementioned 
widow) employed as her assistant a certain 
country lass, trim figured and rosy cheeked, 
bearing the euphonious name of Millicent 
Smith, and with eyes of blue, and hair of 
gold, such as would have captured many a 



masculine heart less susceptible than that of 
Mr. John Harvey Turner. 

When Jack became a member of Mrs. 
Pahnerston's family, just as he was begin- 
ning his Senior year in college, and had the 
dainty maid pass him his daily ration of 
corned beef and cabbage, his somewhat 
leathery heart gave an ominous jump that 
boded no future peace of mind until another 
conquest had been made. 

As the days went by Jack grew more and 
more enamored of the rural maid, and, after 
the manner of young men, firmly believed 
that unless his graduation should see his 
18 k. love token on her finger, life would 
ever thereafter be for him but a horrible, 
torturous void, etc., etc., ad libitum et ad 
nauseam. Accordingly he used all his wiles 
to win to him the object of his affection, but 
limited opportunity, and an unwonted and 
unaccountable diffidence when in her pres- 
ence sadly hindered his progress, and four 
dreary months of Maine winter, saw little 
more than a formal but pleasant acquaintance 
between the two. 

Meanwhile Jack was growing desperate. 
In order to get a chance to meet his inamo- 
rata he had to get into the house long before 
meal time, and this he did so diligently that 
his landlady, who had had experience with 
students before, wondered what made this 
easy-going young gentleman the very soul of 

At last affairs reached a climax. It was 
on a stormy March afternoon, and Jack had 
managed to arrive at the house a full hour 
before tea time. 

After some cautious reconnoitering he 
discovered " Millie " perched cozily on the 
sitting-room sofa reading the current number 
of Puck, her pretty lips parted in smiles at 
Mr. Oppar's best effusions, and a bewilder- 
ing display of dainty foot and thoroughly 
patrician ankle peeping out from beneath 
her tasty gown ; for you must understand 

that this same young lady, though country 
bred, had grace of form, and elegance of 
manner that would have fitted a Newport 
soiree or Fifth Avenue ball, which very idea 
was at that moment in Jack's somewhat 
muddled brain. 

They chatted lightly for some time and 
Jack tried to gently approach the tender 
subject, but Millie deftly parried each at- 
tempt to get on to this line of conversation, 
and for once he found himself baffled. 

At last just as the town bells rang five- 
thirty, he "made a break," as he afterwards 
told us, and made a fair confession of his 
state of mind, and would have followed it 
up in the manner usual to this kind of young 
people, when Millie, with a merry laugh, but 
with a look that set the young man's heart 
aflame, jumped lightly up, and ran into 
the dark parlor beyond to light the gas pre- 
paratory to the return of Mrs. Palmerston, 
who had spent the afternoon with a neighbor. 

Jack in his excitement had not heard the 
front door open and shut, and seeing Millie 
go into the dark room, and believing himself 
to be alone with her in the house, he made a 
dash for the dark door-way, bent on forcing 
the campaign to an issue on the spot. 

Just as he reached the door and stepped 
within, in the other end of the room he heard 
the long-drawn-out scratch of an " Orono 
Standard," and iu the dim light which it 
shed around a dark figure with arms upraised 
was endeavoring to turn on and light the 

"Now is my time," thought Jack, and 
bounding forward he clasped close the dark- 
robed figure and leaning affectionately over 
its shoulder was on the point of imprinting 
a very tender osculatory caress on its up- 
turned lips when, whiz-z-z ! went the gas, 
and in the flood of light Jack Turner looked 
down into the scared but pretty face of the 
plump widow. 

What his feelings were it is not my prov- 



ince to state. But certain it is that when 
he suddenly released the troubled lady from 
his embrace, and, turning, saw his sweet- 
heart struggling in vain to keep down a 
laugh, words came to his lips, and feelings 
swept over his heart that cannot consistently 
be described in these pages. 

"Well, Mr. Turner," said Mrs. Palmer- 
ston, with a tragedy-queen air of injured 
virtue, " what have you to say for yourself? " 
Poor Jack started sheepishly on an 
apology, broke down, made a fresh start, 
once more lost his head, and finally blurted 
out the whole story of his love for the pretty 
handmaiden ; how he had followed her into 
the parlor on the strength of that killing 
glance, and in short, the scamp argued so 
well, and so dexterously turned the blame 
upon Millie that Mrs. Palmerston could but 
forgive, while the girl who had in this neg- 
ative fashion been obliged to listen to his 
suit, told him blushingly and with a manner 
that tried to be haughty, that he was " very 
rude and ungentlemanly in his conduct, and 
that she should deem it a favor should he 
consent never to speak to her again." 

When, a moment later, the appeased widow 
left the room to doff her street garments, 
Jack did not find speech at all necessary, 
although the house-cat, who had taken refuge 
beneath the piano, told me confidentially 
that his, i. e. Jack's, lips were in active 
service for some minutes, and that he was 
aided and abetted by Miss Millie in a most 
shocking and unmaidenly manner. 

Well, they were married, of course, a year 
after Jack's graduation, and I lost sight of 
them for some time. 

The world is small, however, and just a 
week ago, as I was standing in the great 
Union Station at Sherreyville, on my way 
" down East," gazing absent-mindedly on the 
lively panorama of bustling humanity pass- 
ing before me, a hand was laid not too lightly 
on my arm, and turning, I stood face to face 

with Jack Turner himself. He was the same 
dear old fellow, a trifle older, perhaps, and if 
possible a trifle handsomer, as with beaming 
face and happy shining eyes he introduced 
me to his pretty wife, the one time table- 
girl, in whom I soon discovered such a pure 
heart, and gentle life, and withal thoroughly 
womanly character as the world could wish 
to see. 

Delta Kappa Epsilon Convention. 

TTTHE forty-sixth annual convention of the 
-*■ Delta Kappa Epsilon Fraternity met in 
Chattanooga, Tenn., Tuesday, Wednesday, 
and Thursday, November 15th, 16th, and 
17th. The convention was important, as it 
was the first one ever held south of Wash- 
ington, D. C, and the southern chapters 
were more fully represented than ever 

On Tuesday eve the delegates from the 
different chapters were tendered a reception 
by the Pan-Hellenic Association of Chatta- 
nooga at the house of the Mountain City 
Club, of which most of the Pan-Hellenic 
men are members. Wednesday forenoon 
was devoted to official business, and in the 
afternoon the entire convention went to the 
summit of Lookout Mountain, so well known 
to all from the famous battle fought there 
during the civil war. Six states are visible 
from the top, and the course of the Tennes- 
see river can be followed by the eye for 
many miles; the battle fields of Chicka- 
mauga and Missionary Ridge are also in 
sight. A photograph of the delegates and 
visitors was taken here on the steps of 
the inn. 

Wednesday night the public exercises 
were held. Among the speakers were Hon. 
A. H. Pettibone of 0, '56, who delivered 
the annual oration ; the Rev. Dr. Price, of 
Nashville, and the mayor of the city. 

Thursday afternoon was devoted to a 
fraternity session, and in the evening a ban- 



quet was served at the Read House. Here 
the delegates were entertained with genuine 
negro songs and plantation melodies by 
some of the old Fisk Jubilee Singers, who 
had been engaged for the occasion. 

The convention was one of the most suc- 
cessful held in the South since the war, and 
was a very enjoyable one. 

The delegates from 8, of Bowdoin, were 
R. C. Payson, '93, and W. W. Thomas, 2d, 

Theta Delta Chi Annual 
yPHE forty-sixth annual convention of 6 J A 
A was called to order in the -parlors of 
Young's Hotel, Boston, on the morning of 
November 16th, by President Holmes of the 
Grand Lodge. About sixty men were pres- 
ent at the opening meeting, which was 
devoted largely to routine work. In the 
evening the / Charge, of Harvard University, 
entertained the delegates at their new club- 

The meetings were continued during 
Wednesday and Thursday with an average 
attendance of almost one hundred, about 
half of them delegates. Petitions for 
charters were read from Leland Stanford Jr., 
University, Chicago University, Union Col- 
lege, Colby, and several smaller institutions, 
but were rejected. It was decided to hold 
the next convention in New York City. The 
following officers were elected for 1892-3 : 
President, A. G. Benedict, Clinton, N. Y. ; 
Secretary, E. M. Wilson, Cornell, '94 ; Treas- 
urer, Mr. Van Zandt, New York. 

The annual banquet, Thursday, was the 
crowning event of the convention. Nearly 
a hundred and fifty Theta Deltas sat down to 
the bountiful repast, representing every 
chapter from Minnesota, in the West, to 
Bowdoin, in the East. The speaking was of 
unusual excellence. Hon. Seth P. Smith, 
of Boston, acted as toastmaster ; Rev. 

Thomas M. Hodgdon, of Hartford, Conn., 
delivered the poem, and Rev. Henry C. 
McCook, D.D., of Philadelphia, the oration. 
The responses to the dozen toasts were 
hearty and witty and enthusiastically received, 
President Capen, of Tufts, making the speech 
of the evening. 

The Bowdoin Charge was represented by 
Webster, '81; Alexander, '85; Linscott, '88; 
Newbegin, Wright, Porter, '91 ; Barker, 
Bucknam, Haward, '93 ; Pickard, '94; Bry- 
ant, '95. 

TTN EDITOR'S life is a dreary desert, but 
/ A there is an occasional oasis, like the fol- 
lowing, from an ex-scissors editor: 

Andover, November 30, 1892. 

To the Editors of the Orient : 

As a companion of yours in the afflictions 
of an editor's life, I wish to give you a word 
of good cheer. Of course the Orient has 
a peculiar interest to me and I follow its ups 
and downs with interest. Let me congratu- 
late you that this year it has been " up," and 
is still traveling in the same direction. The 
last number was one of the best Orients I 
have ever seen edited. That story, "A 
Traitor to Peacock," was the bon mot of the 
whole. The writer ought to be proud. I 
did not see a better written story in any 
college paper last year. I feel that I do but 
express the feelings of all the Bowdoin boys 

A cheering word helps. Let me give you 
my heartiest wishes for continued success 
this year. You have commenced right nobly. 
Let me add an appreciative word for your 
new department also. 

Yours for old Bowdoin, 

Harry W. Kimball, '92. 

The University of Michigan has a Japanese Stu- 
dent Association with a membership of thirteen. 



T V 7ITH the closing days of the term comes 
** the usual stress of hard work, and the 
college dormitories for the past week have 
been veritable hives of busy students, per- 
forming the last sad rites of a collegiate term. 
Most of us are obliged to do considerable 
extra work at this time, the result of that 
procrastinating tendency so common to stu- 
dent life. 

Back work that should have long ago 
been made up is left until the "eleventh 
hour " and then requires all the energy and 
reserve force that the human brain is capable 
of in order to have our accounts balance on 
the professors' books. But it is all the con- 
sequence of that fatal habit of putting off, 
and putting off, until we come to the end of 
our listless existence and wake up to the 
realization that something must be done. A 
moderate amount of extra time devoted to 
wiping out old scores now and then through 
the term would transform the usual last days 
of mental suffering of many of us into a 
reasonably peaceful and unsolicitous time of 


* * * * * 

Speaking of habit reminds the Pessiopti- 
mist of a peculiar characteristic of a certain 
Senior's recitations, that is so marked as to 
be plainly noticeable to every one. The 
person in question has a great abhorrence of 
making any statement on his own authority 
and whenever called upon to recite the inev- 
itable beginning of his remarks is, " I think." 
It makes no difference whether these two 
little words are necessary or not, they are the 
never failing starting point of all the en- 
lightenment he gives the professor. 

The recitation room contains a perfect 
fund of examples of the power of habit, but 
of all sad states spare, O, spare us from the 
habitual " dead." 

Psychology teaches us to knit " the new 
onto the old," and the Pessioptimist heard a 
most practical illustration of this funda- 
mental principle from the lips of one of the 
professors the other day. The Geology class 
was discussing the different kinds of veins, 
and more particularly those formed by seg- 
regation, which the professor illustrated by 
likening their appearance in rock to " a faint 
blush on a maiden's cheek." Although few 
members of the division have seen such 
veins, what individual has existed so long in 
this age of leap years and maidenly bashful- 
ness that he has not beheld some charming 
example of the professor's illustration, and 
immediately the gloomy and lifeless rock 
took on a hue of beauty never conceived 
before being animated by this fitting simile? 

Are we going to have any dances this 
winter? The Pessioptimist cannot say. He 
can only indulge in the illusion of hope, and 
that hope is that a sufficient number of de- 
votees to Terpsichorean lore may be aroused 
to a degree of enthusiasm that will assure 
some social gatherings during the long 
months to come. 

A high social standing for a college is an 
object as much to be striven for as supremacy 
in athletics, or any other department. Ivy 
week and Commencement week are given 
over to just this thing. The college is visited 
by more strangers at these times than at any 
other, and the impression of the institution 
which they carry away with them is almost 
wholly of its social status. An athlete must 
train for his field-day events, for his base-ball 
and foot-ball games. Can we not say with 
equal truth that the society man must pre- 
pare himself for the occasions upon which he 
is to display those qualities of politeness, 
which, though inherent in some, are only 
attained after a long contact with the social 
world, by others ? 

In other words, if we are to have Strang- 



ers carry away favorable opinions of Bow- 
doin etiquette at Commencement and Ivy, 
we must give our dormant manners a little 
airing before those events take place. We 
must have dances during the winter. 

For the past few years the annual Junior 
assemblies have been little more than fail- 
ures, owing principally to lack of patronage. 
They have been in charge of a self-appointed 
committee, and the college at large has felt 
that it had no part in the management, con- 
sequently have taken little interest. 

The Pessioptimist sees no reason why it 
is not possible for a college organization to 
take the matter in hand, and arrange a course 
of assemblies which would do credit to the 
college. Every man who has the slightest 
interest in dancing and the social welfare of 
the college, ought to give the subject serious 
thought, for surely the prospects for dances 
this winter are meagre indeed unless some 
concerted movement is made toward reform 
in the methods of conducting them. 

* * % * * 

With the advent of cold weather comes 
the inevitable cold recitation-room, and not- 
withstanding that there is considerable im- 
provement over last year, there is still plenty 
of chance for better service. Even the tem- 
perature of the chapel a few sabbaths ago 
was so near the freezing point that one 
would have thought he had wandered into 
an extensive refrigerator, rather than an edi- 
fice for divine worship. There is not the 
slightest excuse for such a condition of 
affairs, and the college authorities will doubt- 
less take the proper measures to have no 

* * * * * 

When this number of the Orient reaches 
its college readers they will be in the midst 
of a furious struggle with valises, trunks, 
etc., in the vain attempt to take home with 
them about twice as much as can comfortably 
be stored in the ordinary traveling receptacle. 

But a limited time will elapse before we will 
find the college buildings assuming the qui- 
etude of a tropical desert, and its life will be 
scattered to every part of the State. 
Do you ever stop at the end of a term's 
work and ask of yourself, " How many new 
ideas have I acquired this term ? " Very 
few of us do. We drink in our knowledge 
day after day in such imperceptible doses 
that we seldom realize what we are intellect- 
ually gaining or how much we are mentally 
growing. It is all vague and uncertain. 
Why not make it more definite by giving 
ourselves a little catechising, and determine 
in some small measure how this mental 
structure of ours is progressing? We may 
discover some of our failings as have arch- 
itects, and put ourselves on the right road 
for improvement. 

I^byme ar?d I^eagoi?. 


Upon the shore I found a shell, 

A little shell, washed by the sea; 

I stooped aud took it tenderly, 
And lo ! it seemed to speak, and tell 
In low, sweet tones, like silver bell, 

A thousand mystic tales to me, 

Of things which in the ocean be, 
Par down below the billow's swell. 
And then it ceased ; and as before, 

Was but a shell within my hand; 
And of its tales I knew no more 

Than this: The shells upon the sand 
Contain a mighty mine of lore 

We do not, cannot, understand. 


From the French of Victor Hugo. 

I was alone beside the waves, there in the star-lit 

night ; 
No cloud was there in all the sky, no sail within my 

sight ; 



Yet more than things material did seem to meet 
my eye. 
And then the woods and mountains, and all the 

world around, 
Did seem to speak, and question, with whispering, 
murmuring sound, 
The waves that rock upon the deep, and stars 
that burn on high. 

And then the mighty countless host of all those 
stars of gold, 

With voices high and voices low in harmonies un- 
Spoke out, and lowered in reverence their gleam- 
ing crowns of fire ; 

And all the dashing waves of blue, which never 
pause or rest, 

Spoke out, and shook the shining foam from off 
their star-lit crest: 
"There is a God! Our maker, God, who doth 
all things inspire !" 

Junior Reviews. 

After Wordsworth. 
Hard work is too much with us: late and soon, 

Plugging and waiting we lay waste our powers ; 

Little there is of leisure that is ours,— 
We're given synopsis days ! Oh, grudged boon ! 
The parallax and orbit of the moon, 

That make us feel like howling at all hours, 

Are not ingathered mentally. He sours 
Who has such Junior ease; it's out of tune. 
I like it not. Great Scott ! I'd rather be 

A Freshman poring over tongues outworn. 
So might I, shunning this delusive lea, 

Have lessons that would make me less forlorn ; 
Have sight of first-class standing; — ah ! the sea 

Will drown old Triton, with his wreathed horn. 

The Chapel Bell. 

Long years have passed since I was hung 
In this dark nook, 'twixt earth and sky ; 
Where white- winged doves at evening fly, 

And build their nests and rear their young. 

Alone I've swung from beam to beam ; 

There, hung in silence in my place; 

Alone, but for the dove's fair race, 
And winds that round me whirl, and scream. 

For years to come, here will I ring 
For joy at midnight's witching hour. 

Or mayhap to my granite tower 
The morning's congregation bring. 

Strange things I've heard in times gone by. 

More have I heard, than I have seen. 

For, hid behind my close- shut screen 
I look nowhere, but up on high. 

So when you hear the chapel bell, 
And listen as I loudly ring, 
Think, how in solitude I swing, 

How changeless here, alone I dwell. 


Why should Christmas be called Xmas? 

That, indeed, my mind perplexes, 
Though perhaps this is the reason, — 

Then one needs a mass of X's. 

In Chicago. 

When we met it was love's May time ; 

When we married 'twas love's June ; 
But our love year had no Summer, 

Frosts and cold-snaps came so soon. 

Mistaken Identity. 

She looked so young, so pretty, so coy, 
Sweet lips, just the place to steal kisses. 

Vain delusion, false hope, transient joy, 
Her traveling bag bore the word " Mrs." 

Flagg, '94, who has been 
teaching in Princeton, re- 
turned to college before Thanksgiving. 
Owing to the illness of Professor 
Robinson the two upper classes had 
no recitations in Chemistry during the 
three days preceding Thanksgiving. 

Cilley, '91, paid the college a visit recently. 
W. B. Kenniston, '92, visited college lately. 
Merritt, '94, has been elected Bugle editor for 
the A x fraternity. 



Mallett, '91, visited us last week. 

Sewall, '87, was in town not long ago. 

Prof. Lee lectured in Castine, December 7th. 

Ackley, '96, will teach this winter in Easton, Me. 

A.L. Hersey, '92, was in Brunswick December 3d. 

F. H. Haskell, '95, has taken a school at Fal- 

C. M. Brown has taken a school in Freeport this 

Croswell, '91, spent a few hours on the campus 

Hull, '92, spent several days in Brunswick 

F. 0. Small, '95, will wield the birch in Lubec 
this winter. 

Tutor Hunt, who has been home ill with a fever, 
has returned. 

J. B. Pendleton, '90, spent December 3d and 4th 
in Brunswick. 

L. K. Lee, '92, spent a few days on the campus 
a short time ago. 

E. B. Young, '92, spent Thanksgiving with his 
parents in Brunswick. 

Horseman, '94, will be in charge of the Princeton 
High School this winter. 

The Cecilian Quartette gave a very good con- 
cert in the Pythian Hall last Friday evening. 

T. C. Chapman, '94, has taken a mission school 
on Long Island, Me., for a twelve weeks' term. 

Stone, '96, who is at his home in Bridgton seri- 
ously ill of typhoid fever, is not yet out of danger. 

The Freshmen had their examination in Algebra 
December 5th, with the usual number of " execu- 

Stone, special, was unfortunate enough to dislo- 
cate his shoulder while wrestling in the Gym. last 

Dudley, '95, and Meade, '95, have taken the 
high and grammar schools in Pembroke for au eight 
weeks' term. 

Prof. Lee gave an exhibition of about one hun- 
dred new stereopticon views in the Universalist 
Church, November 29th. 

The English History division has been listening 
to essays by its members upon various subjects con- 
nected with the term's work. 

One of the Juniors brightly declared recently 
that the " Light-year" was the time it took light to 
go a year. 

Hutchinson, '93, has a pet pigeon which he keeps 
in his room. He is at present instructing it to fly, 
as it will have to shift for itself soon. 

Among the amusing election bets was the wheel- 
barrow ride that Knowltou, '95, gave Dennison, '95, 
just before the Thanksgiving recess. 

A gradual evolution has been taking place in 
the audience at President Hyde's Bible classes. 
Time will show whether it is an example of "sur- 
vival of the fittest." 

Owing to the serious indisposition (delirium 
tremens) of the fireman, the inhabitants of Maine 
Hall were obliged to take turns in the basement for 
several days last week. 

The Junior German Division will read Prof. 
Johnson's edition of Schiller's Ballads next term. 
Weekly lectures on German Literature will also be 
one of the features of the course. 

Gymnasium work for the winter began Monday, 
December 5th. The hours of the various classes 
for last week were arranged in rather a complicated 
manner, but next term will be made more regular. 

December 7th the Universalist church of Free- 
port gave an entertainment, followed by a dance, 
which was largely attended. About a dozen from 
the college were present and report a pleasant time. 

Regular class work in the Gymnasium was begun 
December 5tb. As usual, the Seniors use the 
foils, the Juniors the single sticks, the Sopho- 
mores take the dumb-bell drill, and the Freshmen, 

Rev. Mr.- Seward, of Waterville, addressed the 
students in chapel a week ago Sunday. The 
address, which was very fine, was interrupted by a 
disgraceful pounding of the steam pipes on the part 
of one or two men. Where is the jury? 

The outside of the Art Building wants only the 
finishing touches of the stone cutter. The roof and 
dome have been plated with copper and the great 
derrick has been sawed down On the inside the 
work has been carried on at a corresponding pace, 
but a good winter's job and more still remains to be 
done yet. 

E. J. Glave, a companion of Stanley, gave a lect- 
ure upon "Africa" in Memorial Hall, Thursday 
evening, Dec. 1st, under the auspices of the Y. M. 
C. A. After speaking for about an hour in a most 
interesting way upon the various striking features 



of the " Dark Continent," he exhibited some stere- 
opticon views illustrating other points not brought 
out before. There was but a small house and the 
receipts scarcely paid expenses. 

The Bowdoin College Glee and Banjo Club will 
be made up as follows: Clifford, '93, and Clough, 
'96, first tenors; Lord, '94, and Peaks, '9G, second 
tenors; May, '93, and Daua, '94, first bassos; 
Thompson, '94, and Willard, '96, second bassos ; 
P. M. Shaw, '93, Baxter and Bryant, '94, Coburn, 
'96, and Dyer, of the Medical School, banjos; Bliss, 
'94, and J. T. Shaw, '95, guitars. George Duncan, 
of Portland, is instructing the singers. 

Prof. Wells has been trying a new method of 
conducting the reviews in his studies, which has 
not proved very popular. He has required each 
day a synopsis, written connectedly, covering all 
the principal points in the lesson. The Juniors, 
most of whom were spending from four to six hours 
on each exercise, handed iu a petition that the 
synopsis be omitted. The Professor explained that 
he did not wish more than two hours to be spent on 
the work of each day, and the Juniors were thus 

The time is approaching when it will be neces- 
sary for the Boating Association to decide whether 
Bowdoin shall be represented by an eight-oared 
crew next spring. The understanding last year was 
that boating should not be given up entirely, but 
postponed until the college should contain sufficient 
material for a first-class eight. Many believe that 
there is no reason why a crew should not be put on 
the river next spring, which would worthily repre- 
sent the college, and claim that if it is not done 
boating will be permanently withdrawn from the 
list of our athletic sports. With Carleton, Haskell, 
Dyer, Shay, Ridley, May, Stevens, Kimball, Dewey, 
Bates, and half a dozen others to choose from, it 
certainly seems that a good, fast crew could be 
chosen which, with proper training, would add to 
the already long list of Bowdoin's boating honors. 



'Ninety-Five, 74 ; 'Ninety-Six, 0. 
November 19th, '95 beat '96 in a very uninterest- 
ing game of foot-ball, 74-0. The halves were 25 
and 20 minutes. '95 played very strongly. The 
best individual work was done by Fairbanks, Hicks, 

and Quimby. For '96, Libby, French, and Davis, 
did excellent work. French was injured in the 
last half, and Baker was substituted. Carleton was 
referee and Baldwin was umpire. 
The teams lined up as follows : 





Right End. 



Right Tackle. 

Plums tead. 


Right Guard. 






Left Guard. 

f French, 
1 Curtis. 


Left Tackle. 



Left End. 





Mitchell, 1 
Stubbs. j 


( Merrill, 
j Pearson. 




At this season of the year reviews are in order. 
Doctors, lawyers, and business men draw up their 
accounts; clergymen consider and summarize the 
work of their church, and college men rejoice over 
the season's foot-ball record or estimate their prob- 
able chances in the exams. Let us follow the 
universal example and impartially review the work 
we have done during this, the first term in the col- 
lege year. 

In some ways the association has progressed 
materially. A hand-book has been gotten out for 
the first time. Committee meetings have been held 
quite generally, which certainly is a step forward. 
The Bible class has been better attended than ever 
before. Missionary books have been added to the 
library for the use of the missionary committee and 
others interested in foreign missions. The attend- 
ance during the week of prayer averaged higher 
than in previous years, and our representation at 
the convention was excellent. These are marks of 

But in some ways we are at a standstill, or even 
worse. In the first place, the average attendance 
at the meetings has not surpassed that of last year; 
for while the attendance Thursday evenings has 
increased, the Sunday afternoon addresses are not 
heard by so many as formerly. So here is a 
chance for improvement. Then, too, the interest 
iu the meetings has remained about at par, having 
fluctuated slightly only in convention time and then 
fallen back to its normal condition. The neighbor- 



hood work has been done about as usual. There 
has been but one missionary meeting during the 
term. The work for new students has lagged, and 
consequently our membership has decreased. And, 
finally, our finances are low. 

This, in brief, is our condition. It is on the 
whole better than it was last year at this time. 
Therefore, we have improved. But the improve- 
ment has not been so marked as it should have 
been, nor have we the standing in college nor the 
hold upon our fellow-students that we should have. 
With the committees lies the responsibility. Let us 
see if we cannot get a little more enthusiasm— we 
all know where it can be obtained — and the result 
will be what we desire. 

'36. — Ex-Governor Alonzo 
Garcelon may be seen any day driving 
on Lewistou streets a spirited young 
horse. The ex-governor is now 85 years 
old, but he handles the ribbons as skillfully 
as is possible for a much younger man. He has 
twenty-three young horses in his stable, and has 
not yet reached the age when the steady-going old 
Dobbin is necessary to his safety, and he knows a 
good horse when he sees one. 

'60. — The following is clipped from the Bart- 
mouth: "The lecture on 'The Progress of Human- 
ity,' which was given by Ex-Speaker Reed, in 
Bissell Hall, on the evening of the 14th, was 
listened to by a large and interested audience. 
The Maine congressman has a national reputation 
as a bright speaker, and in his consideration of this 
great subject he displayed his powers in a master- 
ful mauner. He discoursed mainly upon the steady 
movement of the people from the ignorance and 
weakness of the first ages to the extent and power of 
our present civilization, maintaining that the intrin- 
sic force of the people, and not the genius of lead- 
ers, has caused the advance. His idea was illus- 
trated by many historical references aptly made, 
and the period of many centuries was covered in a 
thoughtful and enjoyable manner." 

'62.— At the meeting of the Maine Historical 
Society held in Portland, Rev. Henry 0. Thayer had 
a very interesting paper on "The Ancient Set- 
tlement of Cork on the Kennebec." Among the 
speakers were Rev. E. C. Cummings, '53 ; Gen. John 
M. Brown, '60 ; Dr. Geo. A. Wheeler. '56, and Dr. 
A. K. P. Meserve, Medical School, '59. 

'77.— Lieut. R. E. Peary is contemplating another 
trip to the interior of Greenland. 

'80.— Henry A. Wing is the editor of a new 
Democratic newspaper soon to be published in Lew- 
iston, Me. 

'81.— Edgar O. Achorn, Esq., was born in New- 
castle, Lincoln County, Me., August 20, 1859. He 
was educated at Lincoln Academy and Bowdoin 
College. After two years of teaching Mr. Achorn 
took up the study of law at Boston University Law 
School, and was admitted to the bar in 1884. In 
1891 he became a member of the widely known 
firm of Child & Powers, of Boston, where his skill 
as an advocate has been very marked. In 1887, 
and again in 1889 and 1891, Mr. Achorn visited 
Europe, where he met and married the dis- 
tinguished singer, Sophie Zela. Mr. Achorn is 
prominently associated with many social organiza- 
tions. In politics he is a Republican, and has ap- 
peared on the stump in a number of campaigns, 
both in Maine and Massachusetts. He is secretary 
of the Scandinavian Republican League of Massa- 
chusetts, a body that bore a commendable part in 
the late campaign. His residence is in Brookline. 

'81. — W. W. Towle was elected Representative 
to the Legislature in the last election in Massachu- 

'81. — Daniel J. McGillicuddy spoke during the 
Presidential campaign just ended in Music Hall, 
Boston. Many Bowdoin men were among the large 
number of friends who surrounded him at the close 
of the meeting. 

'82. — Edwin Upton Curtis has been mentioned 
as a promising candidate for Mayor of Boston on 
the Republican ticket. 

'85.— J. P. Libby is practicing law in Boston. 

'87. — Married, November 23d, at First Congre- 
gational Church, Brunswick, Me., W. L. Gahan and 
Miss Louise Merrill. 

'87. — O. D. Sewall, who recently stopped in 
Brunswick, is one of those young men who are 
trying to raise to a higher standard the religious 
and educational motives of northern Maine. 

'88. — George A. Ingalls is engaged in the real 
estate business in Boston. 



'88. — R. W. Goding has been admitted to the 
bar and is practicing law in Boston. 

'88. — M. P. Smithwick is studying medicine at 
the Harvard Medical School. 

'88. — Frank K. Linscott passed a successful law 
examination, last June, and is now admitted to full 
practice in Massachusetts. He has settled in Bos- 
ton, and entered the law office of his father, D. C. 
Linscott, '54. 

'89. — A. E. Neal has opened a law office in Bos- 
ton where he intends to practice hereafter. 

'89.— Charles H. Fogg, of Houlton, and Miss 
Rosina H. Kidder were married December 7th. 

'89. — F. C. Russell has been elected as superin- 
tendent of schools in Rockland, Me. 

'90 and '91.— The Rockland High School Echo 
says : " Mr. Thompson, our handsome principal, is 
a red-hot Democrat ; while Mr. Smith, our society 
sub-master, is a true "blue" Republican. 

'91. — Gould Porter is assistant cashier of First 
National Bank in Farmington, Maine. 

and J. A. Roberts, 70, Norway. It was voted to 
hold the next meeting and banquet at the Alpine 
House, Gorham, N. H. 

The Bowdoin Alumni of Oxford County. 

A year ago the Bowdoin College Alumni of 
Oxford County and vicinity, met at Beal's Hotel, 
Norway, and formed an association. Thursday 
evening, December 8th, the Association held its 
second annual reunion and banquet at the Bethel 
House, Bethel, twenty of the alumni being present, 
and a most enjoyable and fraternal evening it was. 
At nine o'clock the company was ushered into the 
dining hall and sat down to tastefully arranged 
tables, where an excellent menu was served in a 
manner to do credit to Landlord Lovejoy. 

After the cigars were lighted, the meeting was 
called to order and in the absence of the president, 
Hon. Seward S. Stearns, 79, Hon. A E. Herrick, 
73, was chosen chairman of the evening. Judge 
Enoch Foster, '64, was toastmaster, and in a happy 
vein called upon gentlemen present to respond to 
various sentiments. The subject of the endowment 
of fitting schools by the college was discussed by 
Professor Sargent, of Hebron Academy, J. F. Libby, 
Esq., '82, Hon. A. E. Herrick, and others. The 
following officers for the ensuing year were chosen : 
President, Hon. Enoch Foster, '64 ; Secretary and 
Treasurer, Dr. F. A. Packard; Executive Commit- 
tee, J. F. Libby, '82; Dr. F. I. Brown, '85; J. A. 
Roberts, 70. Among others present were Dr. C. 
A. Stephens, '69, of Norway Lake, the popular 
writer; Dr. C. D. Hill, Medical School, '80, Bethel; 
Dr. Rounds, South Paris; Dr. French, '82, Norway; 


We played at cards one summer night 
My hands were good — hers very light 
" Let's trade," she said — said I " all right," 
She held my hands. 

"We played at love another day 
And this time luck was all my way 
I won because — Oh, must I say 

I held her hands. — Inlander. 

Michigan University has 2,962 students, 34 more 
than Harvard. 

Vassar has Republican and Democratic clubs, 
but no report has come out of a woman suffrage 
organization. — Unit. 

For the first time in the history of the college, 
Amherst has won the championship of the triangular 
foot-ball league. Last year it went to Williams. 

Billiards is a dangerous pastime at DePauw Uni- 
versity. Twenty-three students who " clicked the 
ivories " were recently expelled. 

Many men have wished for riches, 

While for power some hearts yearn ; 
Beauty many a mind bewitches, 
With wisdom numbers turn. 
But I do not ask for great things, 

A little boon my soul would please. 
It is only that my trousers, 
May not bag so at the knees. 

— Lehigh Burr. 
Tale University opens its doors to women only 
upon the condition that they are graduates of some 
reliable institution and can present documentary 
evidence of the same. This rule holds good also 
for men ; no man can take a strictly post-graduate 
course on any other condition. 



The chapter house just completed for Psi 
Upsilon at Wesleyan is said to be equal in point of 
architectural design and finish to any similar build- 
ing in the country. The total cost of house and 
grounds will be about $40,000. It will be formally 
dedicated next June. 

The World's Fair will need from 1,200 to 1,500 
guides, who are to be chosen from college students. 

A lass, alas, is often false ! 

Of faults the maid is made ; 
So waste no time about her waist — 
Though stayed, she is not staid. 

— Cynic. 
The oldest fraternity in the Uuited States is the 
Kappa Alpha (Northern), which was founded at 
Union in 1825. The oldest ladies' society was 
founded in 1867, at Monmouth, 111. The oldest 
local fraternity is the Iota Kappa Alpha, which was 
founded at Trinity in 1829. The fraternity system 
has grown and extended all over the country and 
become a part of the American colleges until we 
now have over fifty different fraternities. 

During the Christmas vacation a chess tourna- 
ment will be held in New York between representa- 
tives of Yale, Harvard, Columbia, and Priuceton. 
A handsome trophy cup, provided mainly through 
the efforts of a Yale graduate, will be given to the 

In cap and bells the jester once, 

Amused the laughing town, 

But now we see this pastime fall 

To those in cap and gown ! 

— Williams Weekly. 

There is a deficit of $36,000 in the finances of 
Cornell University. 

The University of Nebraska has abolished the 
names of Freshman, Sophomore, etc., and the only 
distinction will be in the case of the Freshman who 
will be known as in the first year of residence. 
All others will be accredited by the number of hours 
a week taken. 


Praises to sir Walter's weed 

Is the college poet's creed. 
Rings that upward roll and break in air, 
Pipes of polished wood and amber rare, 

Runs the college rhymer's rede. 

What do college maidens tell ? 

Where their happiest fancies dwell ? 
Paper parcels tied with silver string, 
Maker's name and seal. 'Tis this they sing 

Nothing but a caramel. 

— Trinity Tablet. 

New York State has brought suit against the 
Fayerweather will for taxes on colleges outside of 
the State, which include Yale and Princeton. 



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25 West 125th Street Magazines, Music, etc., Bound in a Neat and Durable Manner. 

NEW YORK CITY N Y Ruling and Blank Book Work of Every Description done to order. 

Mention Orient when Patronizing Our Advertisers. 


Vol. XXII. 


No. 12. 




C. W. Peabody, '93, Managing Editor. 
H. C. Fabyan, '93, Assistant Managing Editor. 
B. L. Bryant, '95, Business Manager. 
W. P. Chamberlain, '93. F. M. Shaw, '93. 

M. S. Clifford, '93. H. E. Andrews, '94. 

B. R. Goodell, '93. F. J. Libby, '94. 

F. W. Pickard, '94. 

Per annum, in advance, $2.00. 

Single Copies, 15 Cents. 

Extra copies can beobtained atthe bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Manager. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Manager. Com- 
munications iu regard to all other matters should he directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Rhyme and Reason Department should be 
sent to Box 1100, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should be sent to Box 4, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post -Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 


Vol. XXII., No. 12.— January 18, 1893. 

Editorial Notes, 193 

The Wanderer at Christinas, 195 

A Snow-Shoe Club 197 

Zeta Psi Convention, 197 

A Word About the Advertising 198 

Bowdoin Alumni Association of New York, . . . 199 

The Pessioptimist, 199 

Rhyme and Reason: 

Too Cold a Day, 200 

A Vision of Life, 200 

The Old House, 200 

Collegii Tabula 201 

Y. M. C. A 203 

Personal, 204 

Book Reviews, 205 

College World, 206 

in another column 
by a member of the Y. M. C. A. indicates that 
the efforts exerted by the association in ad- 
vertising the Glave lecture were such as 
deserved a bigger audience. The fact, how- 
ever, is not disputed that a large number of 
the students were ignorant of the character 
of the lecture. This state of things indicates, 
as we said before, the great difficulty of im- 
pressing even a few simple facts on the public 
mind. While it is certainly unjust to accuse 
the Y. M. C. A. of neglecting to advertise 
the lecture, and we have not intended to 
imply such an accusation, we wish to em- 
phasize our opinion that personal solicitation 
and the sale of tickets in advance is the only 
efficient method for drawing out a large au- 
dience here at college, and we are quite sure 
a better result would have followed a more 
extended canvass of the students. 

We trust that the Y. M. C. A. will not be 
deterred from giving its annual course of 
lectures this winter. In former years these 
have been of great interest and profit to the 
students. If such a course of lectures is 
contemplated, the Orient will be glad to do 
what it can to assist in advertising them. 

TT7HE musical phase of college life has been 
■*■ sadly undeveloped at Bowdoin during 
the last few years. Singing of college songs 



practically ceased with the departure of '91. 
Instrumental music died eveu earlier. The 
excellence which some colleges attain in both 
vocal and instrumental music does not, we 
are inclined to think, so much depend on the 
advent of distinguished musical geniuses as 
in the steady persistence of the glee clubs, 
banjo and guitar clubs, and other musical 
organizations, which act as an impetus to 
those interested in music, and not only dis- 
cover but produce talent. A musical organ- 
ization, if it has no faith in its own powers 
and no ambition to improve, will drag along 
a miserable existence and bring no credit to 
the college, but under enterprising manage- 
ment, and with a willingness for hard work 
its possibilities are unlimited. 

Both the Glee Club and the Banjo and 
Guitar Club have started out this year to 
raise the standard of musical skill. The 
great improvement of the singing in chapel 
this year indicates that there is excellent 
material in college for a glee club this season, 
and a year or two of concerted effort should 
produce excellent results. The Banjo and 
Guitar Club has not many players of expe- 
rience, to be sure, but it is organization and 
practice which is to make the experience. 
Each player has devoted himself to his play- 
ing regardless of the execrations of his neigh- 
bors, and in a few weeks the club will be in 
form for a tour of the State. 

We hope that all this sweetness will not 
be wasted in distant lands, but think that it 
is the desire of the students that they may 
have the opportunity of attending a concert 
by the Glee and Banjo and Guitar Clubs in 
Memorial Hall. 

H7HE report of the finances of the Athletic 
*- Association, which was given at the 
annual meeting, indicates a most successful 
management of the athletic exhibitions last 

winter. The proceeds were considerably 
larger than have ever before been realized 
by the association. 

No other treasurer's report was presented 
at the recent series of annual meetings of 
the several athletic associations, and we un- 
derstand that no other report has been sub- 
mitted to the auditor, although the constitu- 
tion provides that the finances of the several 
associations shall be audited at frequent 
stated intervals. 

The neglect to present reports of the 
financial standing of college associations is 
nothing new and we are sorry to say is noth- 
ing uncommon. Either from the fact that 
everybody's business is nobody's business, or 
from a totally unbusiness-like notion of mod- 
esty which prevents inquiry into the financial 
management of the associations, there is 
usually not much attention paid to these 
things by the students. This has been known 
to produce an easy going and neglectful con- 
dition of the financial accounts. The un- 
fortunate result of the foot-ball management 
of the season of 1890 is an emphatic re- 
minder of this truth. As a further example, 
it may be remembered that when the manage- 
ment of the following year had retrieved 
the misfortune to some extent, the financial 
report of this management was delayed till 
the end of the winter term, and then it was 
voted by the association to accept the report 
through the columns of the Orient when 
the accounts should have been completed. 
The report has never been given to the stu- 
dents either through the Orient or in any 
other manner. 

The new rigime of the General Athletic 
Committee has provided the several associa- 
tions with officers who enjoy the confidence 
of the college. We believe that they will 
not misunderstand this allusion to financial 
matters, and that they are preparing to finish 
their business in a business way. 



The Wanderer at Christmas. 
TT7HE Wanderer slowly opened his eyes, 
■^ shivering with cold as he did so. To be 

suddenly transported from balmy Italian 
retreats to the more commonplace shores of 
the Great American Republic would be a 
change even for a well-clad mortal, but to 
The Wanderer, flimsy spirit that he was, it was 
well-nigh unbearable. He had spent the 
months of October, November, and early 
December at Najalos, the famous Mediter- 
ranean resort, and had rested in the fond 
hope that he was to spend at least one winter 
in peace and quietness. But alas for his 
hopes ! Just as he had gotten snugly settled 
down he had felt the spell coming on him 
again, and when he regained his senses, found 
himself perched on a step-stone in a great 
city, the cold December winds blowing 
through and through him, as the hurly- 
burly crowd of mortals poured heedlessly 
by on business or pleasure bent. 

Of course they poured by heedlessly so 
far as The Wanderer was concerned, for he 
was only the spirit of a departed mortal (a 
story-writer 'tis said), doomed, for sundry 
and divers sins against a long-suffering 
public, to roam the world for ten ages, watch- 
ing the movements of the men about him 
and making yearly reports of what he saw 
to the First Devil of the Chancery. He was 
given his board, which, of course, was noth- 
ing, and his " milage," being transported 
instantaneously from place to place while in 
a state of insensibility. 

Well, as I started to say, The Wanderer 
slowly opened his eyes and gazed about him. 
The great streets seemed fairly alive with a 
mass of humanity. Men, women, children, 
even the dogs and poor over-laden car-horses, 
every living thingseemed on an excited move. 
The millionaire stood side-by-side with the 
beggar, the " I am blind " man peeped cau- 
tiously over the rims of his blue glasses and 
gave the Wall Street magnate a hearty dig in 

the ribs, in the vain hope of turning the flow 
of filthy lucre his way; dainty tailor-made 
gowns rubbed good-naturedly against the 
dingy silks from Bunganuck Corners; while 
the newsboy and the bootblack, excitedly 
calling their trade, sang shrill, ringing duets 
to the rumbling bass of the L-road train and 
passing street-car. 

At the crowded crossings stalwart police- 
men were piloting over timid pedestrians, 
while here and there along the curb-stone 
seedy individuals with cold-blue noses bore 
proudly aloft the advertising banners of 
enterprising merchants. From the shop 
windows streamed out a blaze of vari-colored 
light, and the first glance within made The 
Wanderer sigh as he thought of the forbidden 
heaven which they seemed to imitate. In- 
side the shops the jam and crowd seemed to 
be even worse than on the street. All were 
fired with a mad endeavor to get at the broad 
counters, on which was displayed a dazzling 
array of dainty articles of seemingly intri- 
cate workmanship and priceless value. 

The Wanderer gazed on all this, but not 
with surprise. Many and many a winter's 
day had he been in just the same situation ; 
often had he formed one of that swaying 
crowd, joyously jostling each other in the 
pleasure which humans get from touching 
elbows with fellow-beings, and experiencing 
the delightful electrical shock of contact 
with the world's people which one gets in 
the street alone, and in the American street 
above all others. 

The Wanderer looked, and said to him- 
self only one word, " Christmas-tide." Then 
he closed his eyes wearily, wishing that he 
might fly back to "sunny Italy" and once 
more rest in peace. A passing swell swung 
his cane right through the spirit's airy head, 
but he was too preoccupied with his thoughts 
to notice such a common occurrence as that, 
and never even winked. He was tired of 
the gay scene. He knew it all by heart. 



He — but now the spell comes on again ; once 
more he is carried and set down by invisible 

When this time The Wanderer opens his 
eyes he at first thinks himself back in his 
gentle Italian climate, but no, he is wrong. 
Ah ! now he sees. It is all so natural. He 
is in a large, high room ; on the hearth burns 
a cheery open fire, lighting up with dancing 
beams the rich furnishings on floor and wall. 
A little group is gathered in the farther 
corner about a tall white-robed object, which, 
presently unveiled, shows forth a glory of 
dazzling torch and virgin green and glitter- 
ing tinsel, the family Christmas tree. 

The gifts thereon being quickly dis- 
tributed, the family gathers about the open 
fire to listen to Grandpa's story. What a 
lovely picture they make! The aged sire, 
his white hair glowing in the flickering fire- 
light like a lambent halo about his head, sits 
thoughtfully in his eas} r chair, while all over 
and about him cling the youngsters of the 
family, impatiently awaiting the beginning. 
A little at one side stand the pretty mother 
and her manly husband, holding fast between 
them a fair youth and maiden, the pride of 
their lives, and looking with tears of joy on 
the happy home about them ; and The Wan- 
derer notes that both are silently praying to 
God in earnest thankfulness and supplication. 

Now the grandsire begins his tale. His 
voice is low and gentle, and his eyes look 
far away beyond his glowing hearth as he 
tells sweetly and simply the wonderful story 
of the Christ child. " The Wanderer listens 
now. Ah ! he has heard it so often before 
in the by-gone days. If he had but listened 
then what might not have been. But it is 
too late. And now again he feels the mystic 
spell coming over him. His chief realizes 
the importance of the season and is keeping 
him busy. 

Once again The Wanderer opens his eyes. 
How cold it is. Before everything was light 
and gayety ; here all is damp and dark and 
unclean. This scene is new to The Wan- 
derer. Never before has he seen such 
squalor and utter wretchedness. 

" This is another country," he says, but 
not so. As that blue painted wagon filled 
with blue coated men clangs noisily down 
the narrow street he reads on the side of it, 
"City of New York, No. 78," and knows 
that he has not gone far. What a change is 
this from the first scene ! Instead of gay 
shop windows and sparkling lights there is 
seen only dirty bar-rooms and filthy tene- 
ments, from whose steamy windows glimmer 
forth only the faintest bit of oil-blaze, and 
from whose doors comes the rough racket 
of vulgar carousing, and drunken by -play. 
Instead of gay gown and happy face the 
passers-by show shuffling step, and ragged 
garb, and smirchy, crime-lined feature. 

The Wanderer looks up to seek some- 
thing pure in the stars of Heaven ; but only 
the narrowest strip of God's blue can he 
see between the high and closely packed 
tenements. A child cries in a room over his 
head, but instead of gentle words and kind 
caress, knocks and curses greet the infant 

With a light bound The Wanderer gains 
the window ledge, and passes into the room, 
finding a little difficulty in getting through 
the dirt-encrusted glass. As he looks about 
he becomes almost satisfied with his hateful 
Purgatory, so horrid is the scene before him. 
At the back of the room lies what must be 
called a man, breathing heavily in a drunken 
stupor, and occasionally muttering an oath 
in unwitting reply to the screaming execra- 
tions of the woman who is cooking some 
ill-smelling mess at the rickety stove. She 
is a loathsome object. Short and stooping, 
her bloated red face, seamed with debauchery 
and dissipation, framed in a dirty neckerchief 



that, like her soul, was once white ; and an 
old and ragged dress hanging loosely about 
her, displaying a pair of unsteady feet encased 
in shoes without soles, — bah ! The Wanderer, 
emotionless spirit that he is, can bear to look 
no longer at her. But the child. The child 
crouches fearfully in a corner, weaping softly. 
She is clad as badly as the rest, and makes a 
fitting accompaniment to the air of general 
moral degradation which pervades the place. 
And must she grow to womanhood in such 
a home as this ; a place where the word 
"home " is a cruel mockery? At the risk of 
punishment for inattention The Wanderer 
gazes at her no more. No Christmas here. 
No happy hearts or warm fireside, or pretty 
love tokens, or gaily decked tree. Only 
utter misery, with no hope of salvation, no 
joy in life. 

As he turns to go the man rises unsteadily 
to his feet, and catching up a heavy shawl, 
which hangs on a nail in the. wall, would 
leave the room with it; but the woman flies 
at him and they struggle for the possession 
of the article. The Wanderer understands 
it all now. The man has no money. He 
must have drink. So he is about to place in 
pawn his wife's only warm garment, and thus 
get the paltry price of a few drinks. The 
Wanderer is almost excited and leaves the 
room, but ere he gains the street, with a 
rattling stagger the man fumbles down the 
narrow stairs, and followed by the curses of 
the creature he once called wife, hurries 
gleefully off with his prize. 

The Wanderer knows that his yearly 
work is done. He has seen the Alpha and 
Omega of life in the Great City. Oh, the 
touching contrast of the two homes he has 
just visited ! Thinking sadly of the earth, 
which men call beautiful, and of that coveted 
Heaven, which for many a long decade he 
must not see, he starts drearily back to the 
realms of the condemned and passes again 

through those gates whose guard is Remorse, 
and whose chains were forged in Eden 
by Neglected Opportunity and Unresisted 

A Snow-Shoe Club. 

WHAT is the matter with having a snow- 
shoe club in college ? There are plenty 
of fellows who would immediately join such 
a club were the opportunity presented to 
them. Are there not some energetic upper- 
classmen who will organize such a club and 
give the many fellows who wish to do so a 
chance to join ? 

To the initiated there is no end of pleasure 
in being an active member of an active club. 
Other colleges far less fortunate than we 
have their snow-shoe clubs. Why cannot 
old Bowdoin have one ? 

Zeta Psi Convention. 

TITHE forty-seventh annual convention of 
-^ the Zeta Psi Fraternity met on Decem- 
ber 28th and 29th in Boston, under the 
auspices of the New England Alumni Asso- 
ciation of Zeta Psi. The headquarters were 
at Parker's, where the delegates began to 
gather on Wednesday and were decorated 
with neat silver badges marked with the 
Greek initials of the fraternity and given by 
the New England Association as souvenirs of 
the occasion. 

At 10.30 the convention was called to 
order by the Phi Alpha, William Piatt 
Pepper, President of the University of Penn- 
sylvania. After a short prayer the business 
of the convention began and was continued 
during the afternoon session. Among other 
matters attended to was the re-establishment 
of the old Beta Chapter at the University 
of Virginia. Delegates were present from 
seventeen of the twenty-two chapters. 

Wednesday evening the Zetes went in a 
body to the Globe Theatre to see the inimit- 



able Hopper in "Wang." The delegates 
were seated together and made the theatre 
ring with applause and Zeta Psi yells. After 
the theatre party an excellent collation was 
served at Parker's and the rest of the even- 
ing was spent with conversation and frater- 
nity songs. 

The Thursdaj' session was spent in fra- 
ternity business and ended with the election 
of officers for the Grand Chapter, as follows : 
Phi Alpha — Col. Henry Walker, Boston; 
Alpha Phi Alpha— Judge R. T. Duke, Char- 
lottsville, Va. ; Sigma Alpha — W.A.Hoe, Jr., 
New York ; Alpha Sigma Alpha — John Eyer- 
man, Easton, Pa.; Gamma Alpha — Albert 
Buckman, New York ; Sigma Rho Alpha — 
Jules Notable, New York ; Delta Alpha — 
Edgar O. Achorn, Boston. 

At 7 p.m. 120 loyal Zetes assembled at 
Young's and sat down to the annual banquet. 
After the viands had disappeared Mr. Edgar 
O. Achorn arose and introduced the speakers 
of the evening, who spoke in witty and 
brilliant words of the glories of the old Zeta 
Psi in the past and prophesied even greater 
prosperity in the future. 

The toasts were as follows : 

Grand Chapter. 


The Bench. 

Tau Kappa Phi. 


Zetes at the South. 

Zetes at the North. 

Vive le Roi. 

Wm. Piatt Pepper. 

Hon. Charles J. Noyes. 

Hon. H. W. Bookstaver. 

Hon. John A. Miller. 

Prof. D. L. Maulsby. 

Hon. E. T. W. Duke. 

Seth L. Larrabee. 

Col. Henrv Walker. 

Owing to absence the places of Prof. 
Maulsby and Mr. Larrabee were filled by 
others. At a late hour the brothers adjourned 
in " most ancient order," with hearty con- 
gratulations to the New England Associ- 

Bowdoin was represented by the follow- 
ing : Geo. L. Chandler, '68 ; Dr. A. S. Whit- 
more, '75 ; Dr. F. P. Virgin, '75 ; Prof. Horace 
E. Henderson, '79 ; Dr. John W. Achorn, 
'79 ; Edgar O. Achorn, '81 ; Dr. F. C. Moul- 

ton, '87 ; Burton Smith, '89 ; F. M. Tukey, 
'91; W. P. Chamberlain, '93; J. W. Ander- 
son, '94; H. L. Bagley, '94. 

A Word About the Advertising. 

TITHE editorial in the last Orient in regard 
■*■ to the lecture of Mr. Glave might lead 
the readers of the paper to think that the 
advertising of the lecture was left to take 
care of itself. We do not think any misrep- 
resentation was intended by the writer. 
While we agree with him in thinking that 
the lecture was not sufficiently advertised 
(mainly owing to lack of time), yet we feel 
that a statement of a few facts will place the 
Y. M. C. A. in a better light before the 
Orient readers. 

Arrangements for the lecture were not 
made until Monday of the week in which it 
occurred. Bills were immediately printed 
and circulated in the town. Thirty 12x16 
pictures of Mr. Glave, on the margin of 
which were printed, in quite large letters, 
the place and date of the lecture, the price 
of admission, and the fact that Mr. Glave 
was an officer of Stanley, were placed in the 
windows of the stores. One of these pictures 
was on the chapel bulletin-board from Mon- 
day night till Friday morning. At the chapel 
exercises on Tuesday morning President 
Hyde announced the lecture, mentioning 
that Mr. Glave came to us highly recom- 
mended and prophesying that it would be 
one of the very best lectures of the season. 
Three of the "ends," and perhaps more, were 
canvassed. Members of the association also 
made a personal canvass of the town. In 
view of these facts it hardly seems possible 
that students, who could see or hear, could 
fail to know that the lecture was to be given. 
While the Y. M. C. A. was disappointed in 
the financial result of the lecture, we are 
glad that the lecture was worthy of better 



support, being pronounced by several resi- 
dents of Brunswick one of the best lectures 
ever given in town. 

Bowdoin Alumni Association of 

New York. 

TITHE Bowdoin Alumni Association of New 

^- York gave its twenty-third annual dinner 

at the Hoffman House, January 11, 1893. 

About twenty -five graduates were present. 
Previous to the dinner the annual election 
was held. The following officers were chosen : 
President, Wm. A. Abbott ; Vice-Presidents, 
Gen. Joshua L. Chamberlain, John Good- 
snow, W. J. Curtis, Dr. F. W. Ring, and 
F. R. Upton ; Corresponding Secretary, 
Lincoln A. Rogers ; Secretary and Treasurer, 
Dr. F. H. Dillingham; Executive Committee, 
A. F. Libby, Chas. L. Clarke, Dr. W. 0. 
Plimpton, Geo. E. Moulton, P. P. Simmons, 
E. H. Cook, and D. A. Easton. 

At the dinner Wm. A. Abbott presided. 
There were no set toasts, but informal 
speeches were made by nearly all who were 
present. A poem, written for the occasion 
by Isaac McLellan, the sole survivor of the 
class of '26, was read by the secretary, Dr. 

©i?e f§>e§§iop{imi§t. 

TPHIS is the time of year when flourishes 
-*■ the Shakespeare clubs, the psychical 
society, and this, that, or the other organi- 
zation devoted to delving into the dark 
and hidden recesses of the unknown. Ex- 
cept for a conscientious band of literary 
lights, ardent in their efforts to fathom the 
depths of Shakespearean mysteries, the Pes- 
sioptimist knows of no self-conducted body 
of searchers after knowledge in college. 
Why are there not more? 

The end and aim of a college existence is 

not merely to recite perfectly the lessons 
assigned from day to day. There must be 
some original research and thought for a 
man to broaden his views of perplexing ques- 
tions. To be sure we can read and can 
think, but it is also necessary for us to take 
some particular line for our thinking. Noth- 
ing can make us surer of our position regard- 
ing debatable subjects than to present our 
conclusions before a body of men who have 
given time and attention to the same subjects. 
* * * * * 
Rejoice and be exceeding glad, ye occu- 
pant of Maine Hall, for verily I say unto you, 
ye are in luck. No dashing out doors in the 
crisp, frigid air of a January morning for a 
pail of water, only to find the hydrant frozen 
so solidly that it would take a Hercules and 
all the king's oxen and all the king's men to 
start it running again. No coming back 
after Christmas vacation into a room whose 
temperature is so deplorably low that it takes 
nearly the whole winter term to coax it back 
to the condition in which it was left. But 
another year, and we shall all be enjoying the 
benefits of modern civilization. May heaven 
speed the time ! 

" It is as necessary to forget as to remem- 
ber," says some great man, whose name I 
have forgotten. That may all be very true, 
but some people in this world are rather apt 
to apply the rule in rather too many cases. 
It is all very pleasant to lend a man something 
which he deems very necessary to his present 
needs, receiving in return a faithful promise 
to return it with the utmost promptitude; but 
when the days and weeks slip by and nothing 
of the missing article is heard of the pleasure 
becomes almost painful. 

A number of tools have been lent by the 
men engaged in constructing the art building, 
the prompt returning of which would have 
saved any amount of annoyance to those to 
whom they belong. This is only one exam- 



pie of a negligence which is particularly 
prevalent about college. 

Some astounding facts are often brought 
to light in the recitation-room, and the most 
recent -example of the statement rather 
discounts anything the Pessioptimist has 
heard for some time. It was in logic, and 
the student had an idea that the following 
syllogism was false: 

All planets revolve in elliptical orbits. 
The earth is a planet. 
.-.The earth revolves in an elliptical orbit. 

The professor questioned the unscientific 
Junior, who, by the way, had just finished 
a course in astronomy, and elicited the fol- 
lowing information: The earth isn't a planet, 
does not revolve in an elliptical orbit, nor do 
any planets. The unhappy youth took his 
seat amid loud applause, secretly muttering 
curses upon Copernicus and the whole line 
of astronomical geniuses. 

"There are none so blind as those who 
will not see." Some people have an idea 
that because they do not believe or under- 
stand a thing it must necessarily be wrong. 
The Pessioptimist heard of an accusation of 
bigotry of a certain man who lives not so 
very many miles from Bowdoin College 
simply because his ideas were broad and 
because he would not stick to the old 
ruts of belief, the relics of by-gone days. 
A person making such a charge as this 
should look well to his own little self before 
circulating his opinions too freely upon the 
public. Let him ask himself a few questions 
and, in nine cases out of ten, the candid 
accuser will find that the bigotry lies far 
more with himself than the accused. 

There are seven college dailies in the United 
States, 1 tri-weekly, 2 semi-weekly, 55 bi-weekly, 
44 weekly, 288 monthly, with over 100 bi-monthly, 
quarterly, etc. 

f^hyme ar?d feasor?. 

Too Cold a Day. 

I can stand some coldish weather, 
But I'm no Antarctic hero. 

And can't staud the combination 
Of a Prof.'s and mercury's zero. 

A Vision of Life. 

Life 's that sweet beauty in the way, 
I found at morn one merry May. 
With happiness I walked the road, 
The whole wide world my heart's abode. 
The busy birds were chanting clear, 
In mossy lanes and orchards near ; 
The mountains stood in grand repose ; 
When lo ! there dawned this blushing rose. 

Life's that pure spirit that I met, 
When cold December's days were set ; 
I struggled in the evening shade 
'Gainst blasts of wickedness, afraid. 
I saw no track amid the snow, 
And where my path I did not know ; 

When like grand music came a voice 
Which made my fearful heart rejoice ; 
It led me to a beauteous plain 
Where I was full of joy again. 
It seemed another morn in May 
Had found me in the darkest way. 
And this is Life, whose vision fair 
Knows God and Heaven are everywhere. 

The Old House. 

Back from the busy street it stands, 

Under the dear old elms, 
And the city's bustle is on both hands, 
The noise and the jostle of toiling bauds, 

And the rattle that never ends. 
But the old house stands with its red brick walls 
And a quiet peace is in all its halls, 

As it seems to echo still 
The memory of the old, old days, 
Visions of stately old-fashioned ways, 

And the things of long ago. 

The knocker of bronze on the old oak door 
Could tell full many a tale 



Of fair women and gallant men of yore, 
Of children's voices now no more, 

As it bows a grave salute 
To the great rusted key in the ponderous lock, 
While the iron latch replies to the knock, 

Seemingly pondering yet 
Memories of the old, old days, 
Visions of prim, old-fashioned ways, 

And the things of long ago. 

The flower-pots on the window sill, 

So old and quaint and red, 
Hold quiet, old-fashioned flowers still, 
Fern and primrose the windows fill, 

And dainty mignonette, 
And a strange, sweet odor fills the room — 
Forgotten flowers, all in bloom, 

That whisper and murmur still 
The memories of the clear old days 
Till you seem encircled in a maze 

Of happenings long ago. 

In the broad and long oak-panelled hall, 

Toward the garden door at the end, 
Prim portraits look down from either wall, 
Breathing men and women all 

In the days of long ago. 
And the creaking stair beneath your tread, 
Still gracefully winding overhead, 

Repeats and echoes again 
Dainty steps of fair maidens of other days, 
And you feel yourself amid a haze 

Of faces of long ago. 

Old house with thy nameless, fathomless charm, 

Under the dear old elms 
So peaceful, so serenely calm, 
Oh, may the future stretch its arm 

Protectful o'er thy head, 
And still a restful haven seem 
Where one might ever sleep and dream 

Of days of long ago, 
Of women grand and maidens fair, 
Of dimpled cheeks and golden hair, 

And days of long ago. 

President Adams of the University of Wisconsin 
recently called a meeting, of the faculty and the 
students to form a boating association. A corpora- 
tion with a capital of $4,500 was formed and 
instructed to build a boat-house and to make 
arrangements to put a crew on the water. 


Portland has just insti- 
tuted a system of free 
evening schools. The three male 
teachers are all Bowdoin graduates — 
Barton, '84, Turner, '86, and Gately, 

F. A. Swan has joined '96. 

Spillane, '90, was in town last week. 

Jackson, '91, visited the college recently. 

Horsman, '94, is teaching in Princeton. 

Ledyard and Curtis, '96, have left college. 

The class in Bible study has begun again. 

Davis, '96, will not return to college this term. 

Swett, '92, spent several days in town last week. 

(luuimer, '92, is a frequent visitor to the campus. 

A new assistant has been added to the library 

Some of the students tried canvassing during 
the vacation. 

Stone, '96, who has been at home with typhoid 
fever, has returned to college. 

The picture of the foot-ball team, which was 
taken by Reed, is very good. 

Smith, '96, has left college and is attending one 
of the Portland business colleges. 

The number of Juniors who have assumed glasses 
is alarming. " History did it ! " 

The plans for the new scientific building have 
been submitted to the contractors. 

Elias Thomas, '94, has been spending the last 
fortnight with friends in Washington. 

Pierce, '96, has an interesting article on Bowdoin 
in the last number of P. R. S. Racquet. 

Badger, '95, who has been teaching at Anson, is 
spending a two weeks' vacation in college. 

Professor Robinson spent a few days recently in 
examining the scientific departments in Yale. 

Minot, '96, has accepted a position in Connecti- 
cut and will not return to college until next term. 

There was an auction down town last week, in 
which some of the students got very badly cheated. 



The A T Society have a club at Mrs. Stetson's 
this term, and have fitted up a society hall in the 
Rines Block. 

Prof. Wells gave a lecture in Alfred last Tuesday 
evening. In consequence he gave adjourns Tues- 
day and Wednesday. 

Owing to the absence of Professor Lee, Assist- 
ant Hunt has had charge of the Biological Depart- 
ment fur the last two weeks. 

The library was one of eighteen similar institu- 
tions which received an official copy of the octavo 
edition of the 1892 standard prayer-book of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church. 

The directors of the Base-Ball Association have 
re-elected Hutchinson, '93, as captain of the team 
for the coming year. Practice has begun, the squad 
having a dumb-bell drill at four o'clock. 

During the vacation Professor Houghton deliv- 
ered au interesting lecture at Bath on Japan, and 
Professor Wells read a paper before the Fraternity 
Club, of Portland, on " Man as a Social Product." 

The Gym. hours for this term are nearly the 
same as last winter. The Sophomores are at 11.30, 
the Freshmen at 3, the Juniors at 4, and the Seniors 
at 5. Machan, '93, assists in the instruction of the 

The unusual good skating on the river has 
been a source of much enjoyment. Several have 
made quite long trips on the ice, the most popular 
being that to Bath and return, a distance of nearly 
twenty miles. 

At the Meeting of the Maine Pedagogical 
Society, held in Lewiston two weeks ago, President 
Hyde read a paper on " The Topical Method in 
Teaching," and Professor Whittier gave an instruct- 
ive address on " Physical Training." President 
Whitman, of Colby, was also among the speakers. 
Orlando M. Lord was elected President of the 
Society for the coming year. 

It is reported that one of the Juniors will 
shortly publish a pamphlet on several new discov- 
eries in astronomy. Just what they are has been 
kept a secret, but it leaked out in the Logic recita- 
tion, last week, that he is prepared to prove that 
the earth is not a planet, that planets do not 
revolve in elliptical orbits, and that, therefore, the 
earth revolves in an ellipse. 

Rev. C. S. Waite, of Brunswick, has presented the 
library with a two years' subscription to "The New- 
World," one of the ablest and most progressive of 
the quarterlies started during the last few years. 

The current number contains an able article by 
Professor Egbert C. Smyth, on "Progressive Ortho- 
doxy." Professor Smyth, who graduated from 
Bowdoin in 1848, is now a professor in Andover 
Theological Seminary. 

During the winter term not an evening passes 
without its game of whist. Probably 50 per cent, 
of the men in college have some knowledge of the 
game, and the number of good players must be 
fairly large. Why not arrange a whist tournament 
for the latter part of the term, either between the 
fraternities or by entries as in tennis? It would 
certainly be interesting to those playing, would 
increase their knowledge of the game, and cost 

Entertainments are coming this winter thick 
and fast. Last Thursday " Our Boys " was played 
by a Portland company with a most distinguished 
cast of characters ; Friday, Johnson's Quintette 
Club, with Isabel Pengra as reader, gave a delightful 
entertainment in the Town Hall; and Saturday, 
Louis Cyr, the strong man, exhibited his muscular 
prowess. January 23d Paderewski will again be in 
Portland and doubtless will draw his usual crowd of 
the students. And still other companies are billed 
for the immediate future. 

The subjects for the first themes of the term, 
due January 18th, are as follows: Juniors: 1 — 
France and the Panama Canal. 2 — Shall the 
College Have an Eight Next Spring? 3 — A Rail- 
road Journey. Sophomores: 1 — Do We Need 
Better Roads? 2 — A Vacation Episode. 3- Long- 
fellow's Evangeline. In the future all theses written 
for other departments, and afterwards handed in 
as themes, must be cut down to suitable length. 
The Juniors will have the privilege this term of 
substituting a story of not less than sixteen 
hundred words for the customary four themes. 

Ata meeting of the Athletic Association, held Sat- 
urday, January 9th, the officers of the Base-Ball and 
Foot-Ball Associations for 1893 were held as follows: 
Base-ball — Clifford, '93, 1st Director and Manager; 
Andrews, '94, 2d Director and Scorer; Farrington, 
'94, Roberts, '95, and Dane, '96, Directors ; Jenks, 
'93, President ; Simpson, '94, Vice-President ; Do- 
herty, '95, Secretary aud Treasurer. Foot-ball — 
Sykes, '94, President; Stubbs, '95, Vice-President; 
G. Simpson, '95, Secretary and Treasurer; Bagley, 
'94, Manager; Stetson, '95, Knowlton, '95, French, 
'95, Brown, '96, Directors. 

The Sophomore Prize Declamation came off 
December 15th and was a very successful affair. 



The programme was as follows : " The Skele- 
ton's Story," by Wood; "Toussaint L'Ouverture," 
by Webber ; " The Honored Dead," by Jackson ; 
" Bunker Hill Oration," by French ; " Oration Over 
the Body of Senator Broderick," by Moore; "The 
Loss of the Arctic," by Stetson; "Speech at a 
Dinner to Mr. Pinlay," by Parker; "The Vision of 
War," by Doherty; "War," by Kimball; "The 
Black Horse and His Rider," by Bryant; "Extract 
from Speech," by Holmes ; " Edinburgh After Flod- 
den," by Churchill. Bryant won the first prize and 
Webber the second. 

A second meeting of the athletic associations 
was called January nth, and officers of the Boat- 
ing and General Athletic Associations were elected 
for 1893 as follows: Boating Association — Commo- 
dore, Shay, '93; President, Stevens, '94: Vice- 
President, E. Thomas, '94; Directors, Mitchell, 
'95, Dane, '96; Secretary and Treasurer, Professor 
Moody. General Athletic Association— Manager, 
Ross, '94; President, Lord, '94; Vice-Presidents, 
Lord, '95, Churchill, '95; Directors, A. Chapman, 
'94, Foster, '95; W. Haskell, '95, Smith, '96; Sec- 
retary and Treasurer, Doherty, '95. 

In the last issue of the Orient was given a 
review of the term's work of the Y. M. C. A. 
Though as a whole it compared very favorably with 
that of previous terms, yet there is still a chance 
for improvement. The question before us at the 
begiuning of this, the last term of the association 
year, is, Shall we do work enough to make this year 
the most prosperous and successful of any in the 
history of the association? It is the term which 
has always been regarded as the best of the year 
for our work. It is useless, however, to expect large 
results unless each one takes hold of the work in 
earnest and resolves to accomplish something him- 
self. Though the officers and chairmen of com- 
mittees are expected to exercise more care and 
thought than the other members, and attention to 
their duties is of the utmost importance, yet they 
cannot do the work alone. The few may be able to 
keep the association from taking backward steps, 
but if any real progress is to be made each one 
must feel a personal responsibility aud do his share 
of the work. 

We all know that our opportunities for Christian 

work are sufficient to give each member of the 
T. M. C. A. all he can do. Experience has shown 
that personal work is the most important factor in 
bringing men to Christ, and we cannot have too 
much of it among us. It is a branch of the work 
that cannot be carried on by committees, but must 
be accomplished by the members of the association 
doing hand to hand work among their fellow- 
students who are unsaved. During the present 
term let each one of us resolve, with God's help, to 
lead at least one soul to Christ. 

In the annual report of the intercollegiate move- 
ment of the Y. M. C. A. for the college year of 
1891-92 some encouraging facts are presented. 
During the year new associations have been formed 
in sixty-nine institutions. This constitutes the 
largest number ever organized in one year. The 
Holy Spirit has, through the college associations, 
led over 2,400 students to become followers of Jesus 

At the close of the report are presented problems 
of the work for the present year. Among them the 
following can profitably be considered by us here at 
Bowdoin : 

"Shall the work of the association continue to 
be done by less than one-third of the members? " 

" What is the explanation of the statement made 
by the representative workers from the colleges of 
one of the foremost association States that there are 
less than four habitual personal workers in each 
college association of that State ? " 

" Shall but one in four hundred of the Christian 
students enter the general secretaryship which is 
to-day calling so loudly for men of education and 
ability ? " 

" Shall only one-thirtieth of the Christian stu- 
dents devote their lives to work among twenty- 
seven-thirtieths of the population of the world?" 

And finally : 

" Have we sought first the kingdom of God ? " 

" Have we been workmen that need not to be 
ashamed ? " 

" Do we know the power of prayer ? " 

" Have we received the baptism of the Holy 
Spirit for service? " 

In the intercollegiate chess tournament Columbia 
won first place. Wilson of Harvard defeated Bum- 
stead of Yale in a short and decisive game, thus 
giving Harvard the second place. Yale came next 
and Princeton last. The best individual play was 
that of Hymes of Columbia and Ballou of Harvard. 



'31. — Mr. Edward H. Thomas, 
Bowdoin, 1831, celebrated his eighti- 
eth birthday, January 1st, in the old hos- 
pitable mansion, corner of Danforth and 
State Streets, Portland. A good many friends were 
present, and, as may have been anticipated, music 
under various forms entered largely into the observ- 
ance of the day. 

'43. — Eev. Henry S. Loring, for more than forty- 
five years a Congregational minister, died at Sid- 
ney, December 17, aged 73 years. He was grad- 
uated from Bowdoin College in 1843, and from the 
Bangor Theological Seminary iu 1846. He was 
ordained in 1850 and continued in the work of the 
ministry until forced to retire by failing health. 
During the period of his active ministry he was 
settled over several pastorates in various parts of 
the State, always sustaining himself as a preacher 
with credit to himself and the church to which he 
belonged. Wherever he was located Mr. Loring 
took a deep interest in all matters pertaining to 
education, often serving as a member of school 
committees, or as supervisor. His will provides for 
a bequest of $200 to Bowdoin College. 

'44. — Judge William Wirt Virgin is critically ill 
at his home in Portland. 

'44. — Horatio Gates Herrick, for twenty-seven 
years sheriff of Essex County, Massachusetts, has 
been tendered a complimentary dinner in recog- 
nition of his long and honorable service, by ex- 
Chief Justice Lincoln F. Brigham, and other mem- 
bers of the Essex bar. 

'55. — Hon. William L. Putnam, Judge of the 
U. S. Circuit Court, is mentioned for minister to 
the Court of St. James. 

'56. — Galen C. Moses, of Bath, has been elected 
one of the directors of the Maine Mile Track Asso- 

'58.— Judge Richard S. Tuthill, in a letter to the 
Chicago Tribune, speaks of the connection of a 
Bowdoin man, Alexander S. Bradley, with the 
famous Lake- Front litigation which has recently 
come to an end by the decision of the Supreme 
Court of the United States. The case was a 

very important one, as involving the question of 
state control over public lands beneath harbors. 
The opinion of the court, which was in favor of 
the city of Chicago and against the claims of 
the Illinois Central R. R., was given by Mr. Jus- 
tice Field. Chief Justice Fuller, '53, took no part 
in the hearing, having previously represented the 
city of Chicago in the same suit before a lower 
court. Judge Tuthill says of Mr. Bradley: "The 
public press has been liberal in the bestowal 
of credit to several of the lawyers concerned in be- 
half of the city and the public in the Lake-Front 
litigation now at an end. Without derogation to 
any of the eminent gentlemen whose names have 
been mentioned there is certainly one other whose 
services were, as it seems to me from a reading of 
the opinion of the court, beyond question preemi- 
nent ; in fact, invaluable. I allude to Alexander S. 
Bradley, Esq., of the Chicago bar. I had occasion 
while United States District Attorney, by direction 
of the Attorney-General, to examine into this 
whole Lake-Front question and made a full report 
(printed), and advised that the United States be- 
come a party to the suit just decided, and thus I 
became professionally interested in the case and 
have since kept track of it and followed the various 
steps taken and have become familiar with the dif- 
ferent arguments filed in the case. The decision is 
based upon the position first taken and elaborately 
and ably presented by Mr. Bradley in thirty-six (36) 
pages of his printed argument which was submitted 
in 1887; that the State's title to the soil under the 
navigable waters of Chicago Harbor was as a sov- 
ereign in trust for the public for the purposes of a 
public harbor, and that this title so held in trust 
could not be transferred by the Legislature to a 
private corporation, as was attempted by the act of 
1869. This was a, if not the, vital point, and is 
that upon which the Supreme Court decided against 
the railroad. The doctrine respecting it has been 
heretofore in an undeveloped state. Mr. Bradley 
from the first devoted his principal work and most 
of his argument to that point, having first procured 
an amendment of the pleadings averring the special 
nature of the State's title to the submerged soil of 
the harbor. The opinion of the court singularly 
coincides with Mr. Bradley's argument, as a com- 
parison of cited authorities, the arrangement and 
the language of the opinion clearly show. Further- 
more, the briefs of the counsel, which have been 
on the shelves of the Law institute for five years, 
appear to warrant the statement that Mr. Bradley 
alone cited the authorities and made the argument 



on that point. It has been my understanding that 
when the distinguished counsel (now chief Justice) 
who represented the city before Judges Harlan and 
Blodgett was retained, he was well satisfied to leave 
the formal presentation of the doctrine to Mr. Brad- 
ley, his long-time friend and fellow State and col- 
lege man, merely affirming it, as stated by Mr. 
Bradley to him, in his own arguments. 

'60.— Col. A. W. Bradbury was admitted to the 
bar of the United States Circuit Court in Boston, 
January 10th. 

'60. — Hon. Lemuel G-. Downs was re-elected 
member of the Governor's Council. 

72. — Geo. M. Sieders, Esq., has been appointed 
a member of the Judiciary Committee of the Maine 

'66.— Dr. Charles E. Webster died in December, 
after a brief illness. Dr. Webster was born Febru- 
ary 9, 1841, and was therefore nearly fifty-two years 
of age. He was a native of Portland, and got his 
early education in the schools of that city. He 
graduated from Bowdoin College in 1866. Three 
years later, in 1869, he graduated from the Medical 
School of Maine. He began practice in Portland, 
and has been located there ever since. He was a 
quiet, unassuming man, eminently successful in his 
profession and having a very large practice. He 
belonged to Beacon Lodge and Machigonne En- 
campment of Odd Fellows, and both the relief 
organizations. His wife, who survives him, is the 
youngest daughter of Hanson M. Hart, Esq. He 
also leaves one son. 

76. — In the recent Boston city election Alpheus 
Sanford was elected alderman in the eighth district 
by a plurality of 500 votes over his Democratic 
opponent. Mr. Sanford is a Republican, and has been 
a prominent worker in the party in Boston-. He is a 
native of North Attleboro', and was born July 5, 
1856. He received bis education in the Boston Latin 
School and Bowdoin College, graduating from the 
latter institution in the class of 1876. He has beeu 
a member of the Common Council, serving in that 
body in 1886. He served in the lower branch of 
the Legislature in 1888 and 1890, where he made 
an excellent record. He has been Secretary of the 
Republican City Committee for the last several 
years, and has done excellent work in that position. 

77.— Carroll W.Morrill, Esq., has been appointed 
a member of the Committee on Legal Affairs in the 
State House of Representatives. 

'81. — Mr. Llewellyn Barton will be a candidate 
for the position of State Assessor, made vacant by 

the resignation of Hon. B. F. Chadbourne. He has 
been prominent in the educational field, having 
been principal of Bridgton Academy for five years. 

'84. —Franklin P. Knight, Carrie S. Johnson, 
married, Saturday, December 31st, Woodfords, Me. 
At home, Mechanic Falls, Me. 

'89. — A very pleasant wedding took place at 
Rockland recently, when Mr. Mervyn A. Rice and 
Miss Ella Frances Dow were married at the Thorn- 
dike Hotel. Rev. W. M. Kimmell, pastor of the 
Universalist church, performed the ceremony in the 
presence of a few friends and relatives. Mr. and 
Mrs. Rice left for a two weeks' wedding trip. 
After their wedding trip they will return to Rock- 
land and will make their residence at the Thorn- 
dike. Mr. Rice has just beeu admitted to the Knox 
County Bar. 

'91. — J. P. C'illey, Jr., has lately made his debut 
as a lecturer. He spoke on Labrador, before the 
Piue Tree State Club of Cambridgeport. 

Book r^eviewg. 

(The Song of the Ancient People, by Edna Dean 
Proctor, with preface and notes by John Fiske, and 
commentary by F. H. Cushing. Illustrated with 
eleven aqua tints by Julian Scott. Houghton, 
Mifflin & Co.) It is interesting to us as a people to 
know that America, though called the New World, 
yet has within its borders not only well-defined 
proofs of the fact that a prehistoric race has existed, 
but also that there are now living among us in the 
great Southwest direct descendants of this people. 
The civilization of this race corresponds to that of 
the earlier Greek and other early European civiliza- 
tion, and in the same manner their religion is 
founded upon many beautiful myths aud supersti- 
tions jealously guarded and handed down by word 
of mouth. Miss Proctor in her poem clearly shows 
an ancient spirit and feeling fitting for the subject, 
and has brought herself into sympathy with the 
thought and lore of the primitive people. She 
touches lightly but pleasantly upon their simple 
myths and legends, making them the principal 
subject matter of the work. When Miss Proctor 
first wrote this poem it was entitled the "Ancient 
People." But the late poet Whittier, upon hearing 
it read, was so pleased that be insisted upon its 
being called the "Song of the Ancient People," 



" as we hear their voice and feel their heart-beat in 
every line." The preface by John Fiske is a fitting 
introduction to the work, giving what is known con- 
cerning the history of the Pueblo Indians and the 
more probable theories concerning their origin. His 
notes explain fully the allusions made in the text 
and also the aqua-tint illustrations. The commen- 
taries by P. H. Cushing show a perfect knowledge 
of the subject and set out more at length the tradi- 
tions of the people. The work throughout shows 
the touch of the master workman. Even the binding 
is characteristic, being in old-style rough leather 
with unfinished edge. 

(Prose Idyls. By John Albee. Boston and New 
York. Houghton, Mifflin & Co.) There has been 
and is now such a demand for short stories, sketches, 
and essays by the press that the reading public 
have had a chance to become experienced critics in 
that style of literature. So in order for any work 
of that kind to be a success it must be of the best, 
both in style and thought. Mr. Albee in writing 
his " Prose Idyls" seems to have undertaken a work 
not well suited to his style. His subjects and 
thoughts many of them are of the best, but they too 
often lose their force and beauty by the manner in 
which they are expressed. The outward appear- 
ance of the book is very attractive in its modest 
white and green binding, and it is evidently intended 
for a gift book. 

(La Chute. Victor Hugo. Edited by H. C. 0. 
Huss, Ph.D. Boston: D. C. Heath & Co. Price, 
30 cents.) This interesting selection is taken from 
Hugo's " Les Miserables," furnished with introduc- 
tion and notes. Bound in paper. 

At the Ball— On the Ball. 

The rusher was strong in his foot-hall strength 
But in dancing was not at all clever, 

He'd no cleats on his shoes to keep his feet firm 
But wax on the most slipp'ry leather. 

In the German he fell in an awkward way 
And ahout him his arms flew in vain. 

His partner quite calmly, remarked with a smile; 
" First down for the 'Varsity, two feet to (re)gain." 
— Williams Weekly. 

The sum of all the salaries of college professors 
in annually $80,000,000. 

President Harper declares that the University 
of Chicago will not have made its first step in his- 
tory until it has secured $10,000,000. 

There are 549 students at Brown University. 

The latest high school publication in Maine is 
the Oracle, published by the Bangor High School. 
It contains a number of interesting articles, and 
the Orient wishes it success. 

University of Pennsylvania has hired a profes- 
sional manager to look after its athletic teams. 

A $2,500 endowment to hire coachers for teams 
has been raised by the alumni of Northwestern. 


He took her out for an ice-cream treat, 

His pretty, blue-eyed Sal, 
But fainted when he read the sign, 

" Cream, ninety cents a gal." — Ex. 

Prank A. Hinkey, left end, will captain Yale 
next year. 

There are at present 600 students and 119 pro- 
fessors and tutors at the University of Chicago. 

At a recent meeting of the Y. M. C. A. at the 
University of Pennsylvania $1,600 was raised on 
the spot for a religious building. Since then about 
$5,000 has been raised. 

Taylor, first baseman on the Louisville league 
nine last year, has entered the Cornell law school. 

Prof. Albert Harkness, of Brown University, has 
resigned the professorship of Greek at that institu- 
tion. He has held the position for thirty-seven 

The Wellesley Shakespeare Society intends to 
build a club-house on the model of Shakespeare's 
house at Stratford-on-Avon. 

Wintry Joy. 

Now, the junior and the co-ed. 

O'er the snow they fly in haste. 
Close they press their curly heads 

While his arms entwine her waist. 

— Nebraskan. 

The question of putting a crew on the water 
this year is being discussed at Brown. 

The tickets for the joint debate between Harvard 
and Yale, to be held in Saunders Theatre, Wednes- 
day evening, January 18th, will be complimentary. 



Twenty-seven married men attend the Univer- 
sity of Wisconsin. 

The Princeton-Yale debate takes place on March 
15th. There will be three speakers from each col- 
lege, each one of these to speak twice, the speeches' 
to be ten and six minutes in length. 

Jno. D. Rockefeller made the Chicago University 
a Christmas present of one million dollars. This 
makes three million six hundred thousand dollars 
he has given and the total endowment of the Uni- 
versity, $6,500,000, including land and buildings. 

Connor, who played right tackle on the Exeter 
team, has been elected captain for next year. 

Dartmouth has received by the will of Dr. Butter- 
worth, '39, property worth $180,000 for the purpose 
of " founding and forever maintaining a professor- 
ship forgeneral instruction in archaeology, ethnology, 
and other kindred subjects, and for the erection of 
a building, to cost not less than $30,000, for a 
museum for these branches." 

Claude F. Wright of Loudon, England, who was 
for three years a pupil of the late lime. Blavatsky, 
is trying to form a theosophy club at Yale. He has 
instituted one at Harvard. 

One of the most princely gifts to the cause of 
education was that made by Philip D. Armour, of 
Chicago, who recently gave that city no less than 
three millions of dollars, including an elegant five- 

story building for a manual training school. It is 
expected that the school will open September 1, 
1893. Meanwhile everything possible will be done 
towards making it the greatest institute for manual 
training, science, and art in this country. 

One-third of the university students of Europe 
die prematurely from the effects of bad habits 
acquired in college ; one-third die prematurely from 
the effects of close confinement at their studies, and 
the other third govern Europe.— Ex. 

The Russian imperial government has granted 
$200,000 for a medical school for women, to be 
established in St. Petersburg. 

Two Chinese women have entered the medical 
department of the University of Michigan. 

The total membership of Greek letter societies 
in the American colleges is estimated at 77,000. 

Recitations at Oberlin are prefaced by prayer or 

Among the new courses introduced at Harvard 
this year is one on physical culture, of four years' 
duration. Its object is to give instruction to those 
students wishing to teach that subject, and partic- 
ularly as an introduction to the study of medicine. 

Alumnus — "Miss W., what is Psychology?" 
Miss W. — "Psychology is the scientific explanation 
of what every fool knows." — Ex. 



565 Congress St., - PORTLAND, ME. 






48 PRIZES. 3 of $100 each; 4 of !$oO ; 13 of $35 ; :*0 of «10. 

Poems not to exceed 34 lines, averaging 8 words. Competitors to remit 
$1.00 and receive a grosB of the new u Poet's " Pen and a combination Rub- 
beFPenholder. Write name and address on separate sheet. Send poems before Jan. l,'i>:s. Awards made by 
competent judges soon after. Circulars. The Esterbrook, Steel Feu Co., 36 John St., X. "V, 



Straight Gut r)o. 1 


Cigarette Smokers, who are willing to pay a little more 
than the price charged for the ordinary trade Cigarettes, will 
and THIS BRAND superior to all others. 

The Richmond Straight Cut No. 1 Cigarettes 

are made from the brightest, most delicately flavored and high- 
est cost Gold Leaf grown in Virginia. This is the Old and 
Original Brand of Straight Cut Cigarettes, and was brought 
out by us in the year 1875. 

BEWAKE OF IMITATIONS, and observe that the firm name as 
below is on every package. 

ALLEN & GINTER, Manufacturers, 


20 Per Cent. Discount from List Prices. 







Guns, Rifles, Revolvers, and Ammunition. 


Outfitter to Manhattan, New York, Xavieh Athletic 
Clues, Fordham, Stevens, Peinceton Colleges, 
and many others. 
Send for Catalogue. (Free. J 

William Wood, 

25 West 125th Street, 









Carriages furnished for Parties and Balls. 
Main Street, BRUNSWICK, ME. 


dispenser of 

Pure Drugs, Medicines, and Chemicals. 

Imported and Domestic Cigars, 


lee-Cream, Cake:, and Pastry. 
Wedding and Private Parties Supplied at Short Notice. 

No. 657 Congress St., PORTLAND. 


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South Side of Post-Office. 



Magazines, Music, etc., Bound in a Neat and Durable Manner. 
Ruling and Blank Book Work of Every Description done to order. 

Mention Orient when Patronizing Our Advertisers. 


Vol. XXII. 


No. 13. 





C. "W. Peabody, '93, Managing Editor. 

H. C. Fabyan, '93, Assistant Managing Editor. 

B. L. Bryant, '95, Business Manager. 

W. P. Chamberlain, '93. F. M. Shaw, '93. 

M. S. Clifford, '93. H. E. Andrews, '94. 

E. B. Goodell, '93. F. J. Libby, '94. 

F. W. Pickard, '94. 

Per annum, in advance, $2.00. 

Single Copies, 15 Cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained atthe bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Manager. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Manager. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Rhyme and Reason Department should be 
sent to Box 1100, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should be sent to Box 4, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post-Office at Brunswick as SecoDd-Class Mail Matter. 

Vol. XXII., No. 13.— February 1, 1893. 

Editorial Notes, 209 

Jack, 211 

The Twenty-Fifth Annual Meeting of the Boston 

Alumni 212 

Like the Street Car, 213 

An Inter-Fraternity "Whist Tournament, .... 214 

The Pessioptimist, 214 

Bhyme and Reason: 

A Common Query 215 

We All Know Her, 215 

A "Woodland Echo, 215 

Disappointment, 216 

"What Puzzled Her, • 216 

Nightfall, 216 

Collegii Tabula 216 

Y. M. C. A., 218 

Personal, 218 

Book Reviews, 220 

College World, 221 


ciation informs us that he is prepared to pre- 
sent his report, but is delaying because some 
of the students have failed to pay their sub- 
scriptions yet. It is very unfortunate that 
every year there remains upon the books of 
the athletic associations a more or less for- 
midable list of delinquents who, in a careless 
manner, have pledged certain amounts to the 
association and have not fulfilled their 
promises. The treasurers know that it is 
folly to count these pledges as assets until 
the money has been collected, and if they 
drag over into the next season they are good 
for nothing. It has sometimes been sug- 
gested that a published list of those who 
refuse to pay their promised subscriptions 
would facilitate matters. We do not know 
what may be the intentions of the several 
managements this year, but we would urge 
those students who have neglected to pay 
their subscriptions to either of the associa- 
tions to do so at once. They should be 
considered debts as binding in their nature 
as those contracted in any other way. 

TT IS not too early for every man who is 
■^ going to appear in the Athletic Exhibition 
to fall to work in earnest. Do not wait for 
the manager to urge and beg you to join in 
this work, but if you can do anything for the 



good of the cause consider it your duty to 
do it, and do not act as if you were conferring 
a favor upon the manager. The class drills 
should be attended to earlier than has been 
the custom in previous years. Every class 
should begin now to work for the cup, and 
by entering cheerfully into the contest make 
sure that this important feature of the exhi- 
bition will be a success. 

THE question of field athletics must soon 
come up. The attitude of the other col- 
leges in the State regarding an intercollegiate 
field day will probably be the same this year 
as last, namely, they will probably decline 
to join issue with us in general athletics 
unless we consent to abridge our numbers 
by barring out the Medical School. As for 
holding a field clay by ourself, with nothing 
further in view, experience has proved that 
not enough interest can be aroused to make 
even a creditable show of records. Where 
Bowdoin belongs is in the New England 
Association. We have been told by persons 
who are familiar with the question that if 
Bowdoin could enter this association she 
would immediately take a comparatively 
high position among the colleges represented. 
It is true that the experiment was tried a few 
years ago without much success. We should, 
however, like to see it tried again, and believe 
that with a few years of hard work Bowdoin 
would be among the leaders. It is true we 
are wanting in some of the facilities for out- 
of-door athletics, such as a running track for 
instance, but these things are more likely to 
come when it is seen that they are absolutely 
needed. The matter of the expense of be- 
longing to the New England Intercollegiate 
Athletic Association cannot be a very im- 
portant consideration. We can see but one 
serious objection to joining this association. 
That is the difference in climate which per- 
mits the more southern members of the asso- 
ciation to begin their out-of-door training 

several weeks ahead of us. But the more 
northern colleges cannot be much better off 
than we in this particular. We suppose 
other arguments might be brought for and 
against the proposition. At any rate it will 
pay to consider if it would not be better for 
Bowdoin to seek admission into the New 
England Intercollegiate Athletic Association 
rather than to fool with the small local col- 
leges another year. 

/10NTRIBUTORS should bear in mind 
^ that the election of a new Orient board 
takes place in a few weeks, and in electing 
new members the quality and quantity of 
the work done by contributors will be con- 

Competitors for the prizes are requested 
to have their work in before the first of 

TTTHE Day of Prayer for Colleges has been 
-*■ regarded by too large a proportion of the 
students as merely a precious opportunity 
for enjoying a holiday, with even less thought 
upon its significance than it is customary to 
bestow upon some of our more venerable 
but degenerating days of recreation. As 
Fast Day opens the base-ball season and 
Thanksgiving Day winds up the foot-ball 
season, it is fair to suppose that as a conse- 
quence of this indifference the college world 
of sport will eventually associate with this 
sacred day some all-important event of mind 
and muscle. 

Those, however, who give thought to the 
subject recognize the true meaning of the 
day. After such an object lesson as that of 
the services of last Thursday it becomes 
more apparent to them why the churches of 
the country should take so much interest in 
colleges. The influence which a college-bred 
man can exert in whatever community he is 
situated is being more and more clearly 
understood. As one of the speakers of last 



Thursday aptly illustrated, education is now 
not interpreted as a means of raising one 
above and aloof from his fellows, but of 
giving him a foothold from which he can 
exert an uplifting power upon the race. 
This will be better understood, both in col- 
lege and out of college, by studying such 
examples as that presented by the five young 
men who spoke to us of the work they have 
undertaken together and are so successfully 
accomplishing in the secluded towns of this 
state. The Day of Prayer for Colleges, if 
it is to engage the interest and sympathy of 
college students, is best observed in just the 
way it was observed here last Thursday. 


IT WAS a beautiful da}' in the summer of 
'69 that I embarked in the bark Annie, 
bound for China. The captain of this trim- 
looking craft was a very pleasant old man, 
and he possessed one of those even-tempered, 
sunny dispositions, which never fail to win 
the confidence as well as the hearty good-will 
and respect of a crew. After getting every- 
thing ready preparatory to the long voyage 
before us, we set sail, and soon I began to 
get acquainted with the rest of the crew, who 
were to be my companions and messmates. 

It did not require a great while for me to 
find out who would be likely to become my 
friends. There was Sandy McGrath, who 
was a Scotchman as his name implies, and 
Bill Glines, with whom I became fast friends. 
They were both rough men, Sandy being a 
big, good-natured man who had lived on the 
sea for sixteen years, and Bill being a tough 
and burly fellow, who was at times somewhat 
addicted to drink. 

We had considerable leisure time in which 
to get acquainted during the first week, the 
weather being fine and the winds favorable. 
On the third day out, however, our troubles 
commenced. The previous day in the fore- 

noon, one of the men found a stowaway and 
brought him before the captain, who was as 
kind to the boy as he could be under the 
circumstances. The life of a stowaway on 
board ship is not a very pleasant one gener- 
ally, and that of Jack, as he was called by 
all, was no exception to the rule. He was a 
slight, well-formed boy, who could go up the 
ratlines like a cat, and in a few days proved 
himself to be quicker than any man on the 
ship. He took a fancy to me from the very 
first and I soon learned all about him from 
his own lips. He had left home because he 
was abused by a drunken father. His own 
mother, he told me, was dead, and his step- 
mother did not seem to care for him. 
He had a photo of his own mother inside his 
Bible, neatly done up in his pack, and a 
handsome woman she must have been, judg- 
ing from her picture. Jack was a handsome 
young fellow himself, with dreamy blue eyes 
and light hair. He was very quiet and spoke 
to no one except me, unless he was first 
spoken to. I found him now and then read- 
ing the Bible, and once I caught him looking 
at his mother's picture and crying, — he was 
only a boy fourteen years old, but I tell you 
when I saw that boy looking at the picture 
and crying, it set me to thinking, and some- 
how a big lump rose in my throat as I 
thought of her who cared for me and brought 
me up in that distant New England town 
where I was born. After that I became the 
boy's fast friend. 

On the third day out the captain was 
taken sick with a sudden attack of fever, and 
notwithstanding the constant care and careful 
nursing of the ship's surgeon, he died. It 
was a sudden blow to all ; the ship was silent 
and the whole crew looked at each other in 
sadness. We buried the captain in the sea 
and then our troubles began in good earnest. 
The first mate, who had always seemed rather 
a surly, gruff man, soon showed us that we 
were going to have far from a pleasant voyage 



under his r.ule. He was domineering and 
ugly, and seemed to vent the most of his bad 
temper on the boy Jack. I stood up for him 
as much as I dared, but it did not do any 
good. He was kicked and cuffed from morn- 
ing till night, and yet no one heard a word 
of complaint from his lips. 

One day, when the wind was coming up 
strong and there was every indication of a 
storm, the mate was feeling especially ugly, 
being somewhat under the influence of drink. 
The foretop-gallant sail had to be furled, and 
he sent the boj r , with a kick, to do it. He 
ran up the lines faster than any of us could 
have done, but still the mate swore at him 
for being so slow. In trying to hurry he 
missed his footing and fell ; then we saw a 
slight form fly through the air, — a splash, 
and our stowaway was no more. We were 
flying along in front of the wind, and it 
would have been useless to have tried to get 
back, with a boat, where the lad struck the 
waves. We all felt badly except the mate, 
who did not seem to care. After he had 
stormed around a while he went below. 

Things went on quite smoothly during 
the remainder of the voyage until our return 
trip. We had nearly reached the place 
where the boy Jack went overboard, when 
another gale struck us, and we were ordered 
to get everything into shape. All the sails 
having been furled except the flying jib, the 
mate ordered one of the sailors aloft. He 
ran up a little way, but came down again 
quicker than he went up. The mate cursed 
him, but he refused to go up again. As 
he was a quick-motioned fellow and a good 
sailor the others were reluctant to try it, 
when they saw him fail. The mate then 
called for volunteers, and after a few moments 
Sandy McGrath stepped forward.' He was 
an old sailor, but the wind was blowing at a 
high rate, making the ascent rather risky for 
an old man. He did not get as far as the 
first man did, however, and came back with 

a white face, and I noticed that he was 
breathing hard. Then I stepped forward, 
resolved to go up any how, not understand- 
ing the reason why the others did not do it. 
I got about half way, when, upon looking 
up, I saw the boy Jack sitting on the yard 
and motioning for me to go back. He kept 
saying, " Don't come up — Don't come up," 
and when I saw the look in those eyes, I 
went down again in a hurry. When I came 
back, as the others had done, the mate cursed 
us all for a set of landlubbers. No one 
stirred or offered to furl that sail, however, 
and the mate swore he would do it himself. 
When he was half way up we saw him pause, 
and then we could all distinctly see the 
figure sitting on the yard, beckoning to the 
mate, and heard it saying, " Come up — Come 
up." The mate kept on, and when he 
reached the yard we saw him totter ; the 
next instant there was a splash, and the mate 
was gone. We were a silent and awe-struck 
crew, as we gazed upon the waves that closed 
over him. Whenever any of us spoke of 
that voyage in '69 afterward, he thought 
always of the boy Jack and the mysterious 
sight he saw during that memorable gale. 

The Twenty-Fifth Annual Meet- 
ing of the Boston Alumni. 
TITHE Boston Alumni Association held its 
A . twenty-fifth annual meeting and banquet 
at the Parker House, Wednesday, January 
25th. At the business meeting, held shortly 
after five o'clock, these officers were elected : 
President, E. P. Loring, '61 ; Vice-President, 
D. C. Linscott, '54 ; Secretary, A. T. Parker, 
'76; Assistant Secretary, E. U. Curtis, '82; 
Executive Committee, Henry Stone, '52, F.A. 
Hill, '62, G. L. Chandler, '68, D. O. S. Lowell, 
'74, W. E. Hatch, '75, F. V. Wright, '76, 
W. W. Towle, '82. 

Immediately after adjournment seats were 
taken around the banquet board. There 



were present as guests Professors H. L. Chap- 
man and F. C. Robinson of the Bowdoin 

It was the largest meeting of the alumni 
since the organization of the association, and 
among those present were a number whose 
locks were of snowy whiteness and whose 
forms were bent beneath the weight of many 
years. Among these were G. S. Newcomb, 
'48; George O. Robinson, '49; Henry Hyde 
Smith, '54; Henry Stone, '52; H. E. East- 
man, '48 ; D. C. Linscott, '54 ; W, W. Rice, 
'46; and Egbert C. Smith, '48. 

The after-dinner exercises were begun by 
the singing of " St. Martin's," after which 
the president addressed the alumni. He gave 
an historical sketch of Bowdoin. 

He was glad to announce that the college 
was never in a more prosperous condition. 
One of the best tests, he said, of the standing 
of a college is the number of men it sends 
out noted for their capacity and ability. In 
this regard Bowdoin stands almost without 
a competitor. 

Prof. Robinson, class of '73, of the scien- 
tific department, in responding to "The Col- 
lege," spoke of the new scientific building 
that the college has in prospect, which would 
be second to no similar structure in the 
country. Work will begin as soon as the 
plans are ready. This structure will be com- 
plete in all its details, and far superior to the 
scientific building at Yale and many of the 
larger colleges and universities. 

The art building is now finished, so far as 
the exterior is concerned, but no provision 
has been made for the furnishings and fittings, 
and the speaker threw out a stray hint that the 
alumni could keep this fact before their minds. 

While Prof. Robinson was speaking, Judge 
Putnam, '55, of the United States Circuit 
Court of Appeals, entered the room and was 
received with hearty and long-continued 
applause. He was escorted to the head of 
the table by Mr. W. W. Rice. 

Mr. Edward Stanwood, class of '61, well 
known to the literary world as one of the 
editors of the Youth? s Companion, was enthu- 
siastically received as he arose. He said: "If 
one wishes to see good all-round men, then 
look at Bowdoin graduates. Our college 
makes it a point to give her students such 
a training that when he goes out into the 
world as a man of letters, a lawyer, a doctor 
or the follower of any other profession, he 
is enabled to make his mark in the world." 

A letter was then read by the president 
from the oldest living alumuus, Thomas T. 
Stone, who was born in 1801 and graduated 
in the class of '20. He was at one time a 
well-known minister and had lectured in the 
Howell Institute. Other letters of regret 
were read from Cyrus A. Bartol and C. C. 

The speaking was continued by Mr. W. 
W. Rice, George R. Swasey, Esq., Prof. 
Chapman and others, and the exercises closed 
with the singing of college songs. 

Like the Street Car. 
"TTELLO, Prime!" said a young Har- 
J *■ vard graduate to a former classmate, 
who had entered a Brookline electric car 
just before him. " Haven't seen you for six 
months. How are you Jack? What are 
you doing? " 

" Nothing," replied Jack, sadly. "I can't 
find anybody who needs my talented help." 

"Well, now, I say that's odd. You, the 
first scholar in the class, can't find anything 
to do ! Why, I should have expected that 
you would have been bored to death refus- 
ing applications for your services." 

" No, Jim. I have come to the conclu- 
sion that a college class is a good deal like 
this street car when it starts up at the Tre- 
mont House. There are a good many more 
get honors than get offers." 



An Inter-Fraternity Whist Tourn- 
TT7HE dreary winter term, with its short days 
■*• and long evenings, is now well begun. 
The ever active brain of the student is taxed 
to its utmost to devise means by which to 
relieve the monotony of the hours from eight 
to eleven in the evening. Rare are the first- 
class entertainments which he finds it con- 
venient to attend. Skating, practically, is 
over. Society night is but one in seven. 
The inevitable for many seems to be several 
evenings of each week spent in the " end " 
with promise of a dull time. But not so. 
Up the stairs goes a stentorian voice, " Freshie, 
come down for a game of whist." And why 
not ? This is decidedly one of the best and 
most attractive of our few popular games. 
Of endless variety, ever new and ever inter- 
esting, affording ample opportunity for deep 
study and thought, it well merits the great 
popularity in which it is manifestly held 
throughout the rooms and at the clubs. It 
has been estimated that about one-half of the 
students understand the game to a greater 
or less extent, and among these are many 
fine players. 

What is needed is a well-arranged tourn- 
ament. As a means of promoting fellowship 
among the fraternities, this would be of no 
inconsiderable value. To increase still more 
the interest in the game itself, nothing could 
be better. Friendly competition always en- 
livens and augments the interest of an oc- 
casion. Other benefits to be derived from 
such an arrangement are apparent to all, and 
need not be reviewed here. Various plans 
for the tournament might, of course, be sug- 
gested, but the one which would seem to 
offer the most advantages, and which would, 
I believe, prove by far the most interesting 
is that of an inter-fraternity organization. 
From each society there should be chosen, 
either by vote or by competitive playing, two 
persons to represent its members; also the 

non-society men should choose two students 
to represent them in the tournament. A 
schedule should then be arranged, and each 
pair of players compete in turn, with all 
the others, the two being declared winners 
who have scored the highest per cent. 

All that is needed to make this tourna- 
ment an assured thing and a great success, 
is that a few Seniors or Juniors, who feel an 
interest in the game, should select a commit- 
tee to interview the various fraternities, and 
make the few necessary .arrangements. That 
much interest will be manifested among those 
who play the game, when the subject is once 
properly introduced by this committee, may 
be safely assumed. The affair should not 
be looked upon as an experiment from which 
disastrous results are to be exrjected, if 
everything does not work exactly as antici- 
pated. It is merely a question of whether or 
not it is desirable to create a greater interest 
in the game by immediately taking the in- 
itiatory step towards a tournament which 
will not only prove interesting to its partici- 
pants, but lead to a better game of whist for 
the future. 

PAVE you ever been obliged to do any- 
thing you didn't want to, when you 
were feeling rather less than half alive, and 
wished that the task which loomed up before 
you was miles and miles from your reach? 
Of course you have. Everybody has. That 
is the predicament of the Pessioptimist just 
at present, but he realizes how imposingly 
and unsympathetically his Nemesis, the Man- 
aging Editor, will frown upon him should he 
fail to grind out the usual amount of literary 
gems, grits his teeth, knits his brow, and with 
an unrelentless stab at the inkstand, sets 
about his task. 



The Pessioptimist had a chat with one of 
the members of the Senior class the other 
day. You know it is always pleasant to tell 
what you would do were you to do a thing 
over again. 

" I don't believe in specializing in col- 
lege," said the aforesaid Senior, who by the 
way has made a specialty of one study 
throughout his course. "I believe I could 
have gotten far more out of my course if I 
had made a different selection and taken 
studies of a more general nature." 

The Pessioptimist agrees with him per- 
fectly. To my mind college is the place to 
broaden the mind. The man when first he 
enters is not liable to be overburdened with 
ideas. The object of his course is to add 
new ones to those which he already pos- 
sesses, not to select one from his old stock 
and say : " I will go to work on this line. 
I know something about this and I don't 
about the other." And he never will if this 
is the way he reasons. The Pessioptimist's 
rule is: Broaden yourself while in college; 
specialize afterward. 


A chemically-inclined Senior undertook 
more of a job in the laboratory recently than 
he could carry out. He was attempting to 
obtain a solution of tin, and had worked long 
and faithfully without the faintest results. 
After he had labored for a sufficient length 
of time explanations were in order, and it 
was discovered that his mischievously-inclined 
neighbor had put a goodly dose of Brunswick 
sand into the test-tube upon which the victim 
of the joke had so assiduously been heating. 
* * * * * 

Bowdoin songs are conspicuous only by 
their absence. The only characteristic song 
that Bowdoin can lay claim to is " Phi Chi," 
and that has a place in other colleges. More- 
over, it is a "back number." " Phi Chi" is 
dead, or if not already dead is so near it that 

we only hear now and then of a spasmodic 
heart-beat. The yell question has been 
agitated to no purpose. The song question 
has not received so much attention, although 
no less deserving. Can't some brilliant genius 
find a way to solve both and make of Bow- 
doin 's rejuvenation one in outward appear- 
ances as well as inward fact. 

A Common Query. 

There is a simple question 
That fills me with chagrin, 

'Tis this interrogation : 

"When does your school begin?" 

We All Know Her. 

I know a maid as fair and sweet 

As any half-blown rose ; 
Her cheek would put a peach to shame, 

(Or any fruit that grows). 

Her teeth are pearls, her eyes are stars, 
Her chin divinely wrought. 

Her name? Ah no, you don't, my boy, 
I'm not so easy caught. 

You kuow as well as I this maid 
Whom I have painted here, 

Or else you've never felt the pang 
Of Baby Cupid's spear. 

A Woodland Echo. 

Within the forest's arms, asleep, 
I lay wbere shadow'd waters ran, 

And lost in mystic dreaming deep, 
I heard the woodland pipes of Pan. 

Then one by one, the nympbs, fair-haired, 
And twin'd with sunny garlands gay, 

Troop'd forth from unseen caves and shared 
Tbe burden of the Satyr's lay. 

And glist'ning bands of those who dwell 
Beneath tbe bosom of the stream, 

Stole out, o'ercome 'neatli music's spell, 
To add their voices to my dream. 



The rustling leaves, the waving fern, 
Half hid a Dryad or a Faun; 

While high in heaven the dim stars burn 
'Mid flush of rosy-fingered Dawn. 

The wandering huntress' mellow call 
Awoke the slumbering hills from rest, 

And foot-prints were, 'mid grasses tall, 
Where Venus' snow-white feet had 

The roaming Zephyr's, whispering low 
Of loving gods whose tender care 

Still shielded earth from pain and woe, 
With gentle murm'rings stirred the air. 

Thus Fancy's sparkling robe was flung 
O'er me in sylvan dreaming wild; 

The tuneful stars of morn were young, 
And mother earth was yet a child. 


Maiden modest, mild and gentle, 
Teeth of pearl, and lips of rose-bud; 
Form divine, and face bewitching; 
What's the song that you are singing, 
Wafted to me through the zephyrs? 
Surely 'tis the song of sirens, 
That of old wrought wreck and ruin. 
Sure, my heart will be a ruin 
If I listen to it longer. 

Ah ! I catch the mellow chorus, 
Dying softly as it echoes. 
Gods ! can 't be my ears hear rightly? 
These the words her sweet lips utter ? 
These that drive me to distraction ? 
'I'm the man that wrote Ta-ra-ra- Boom -de-ay. 

What Puzzled Her. 

To pass away a pleasant hour, 

Inclined to reminisce, 
I tried, with tales of college life, 

To please a winsome Miss. 
I told of many a frolic wild, 

Mad escapades galore; 
Of "grinds" put up on fellow-men, 

Of thirst for Freshman gore. 

To all my wild, soul-stirring tale 
She lent a charming ear, 

And as I finished, thus she spoke : 
"I wish you'd tell me, dear, 

Where are the teachers of your school, 
That you should laugh and play, 

And never of your lessons think, 
Through all the live-long day?" 


I floated on the tide at close of day — 

The ripples softly lapped the sandy shore, 
The quiet water held the listless oar, 
. The sunset crimson faded slow away. 
Now drowsy quiet falls upon the bay, 

And evening, thrusting twilight on before : 
A chill steals silently the pavement o'er 
Of darkling waters and of sea-sand gray, 
And, one by one, faint glimm'ring lamp- 
lights reach 
Their thin rays forth from huts upon the 
Warned by the lights I lift the lazy oar 
And pull, o'er waters black and ebbing 
In thoughtful silence to the further shore, 
To cheerful home and glowing fireside. 

Jones, P. Shaw, and 

F. M. Shaw, '93, and J. T. 

Shaw, '95, all went home ill last week. 

Dana, '94, had an acute attack of 

tonsilitis last week. 

Profs. Robinson, Chapman, Hough- 
ton, Farnsworth, Hutchins, and Lee, all gave one 
or more adjourns during the past fortnight. 
The Medical term begins to-morrow. 
Professor Chapman lectured at Farmington 
January 20th. 

Fairbanks, '95, has been elected captain of the 
foot-hall team for 1 893. 

President Hyde and Mrs. Hyde spent several 
days in Boston recently. 

Swan, '96, was taken into e A x at a special 
initiative two weeks ago. 

Professor Farnsworth's illness recently ave the 
Junior German division an "adjourn." 



Bliss, '94, went home, last Thursday, ill with 
the mumps. 

A A * has refitted its hall and duly celebrated 
that event on the third Friday of the term. 

The Junior German division has finished Schill- 
er's Ballads and is now reading William Tell. 

Burnham, '96, has taken a school in Biddeford, 
and began his pedagogical career last Monday. 

The A A $ Club has changed its boarding place 
from Mrs. Kaler's to Mrs. Eaton's on Noble Street. 

Professor and Mrs. Little gave an enjoyable 
party at their home January 20th. About a dozen 
students were present. , 

The Boston Alumni Association held a very 
pleasant reunion last week. Professors Chapman 
and Robinson were among the speakers. 

The Ammen Harbor Defense Ram will be 
launched at Bath, soon. Extra trains will be run 
and an immense crowd is expected. 

Professor Robinson has been at Chicago, the 
past few days, getting ideas for the scientific build- 
ing from that at the University of Chicago. 

Professors Wells and Houghton delivered lect- 
ures recently in the Phi Rho Course at Bath. Pro- 
fessor Houghton's lecture was illustrated by Pro- 
fessor Lee with his stereopticon. 

Paderewski's piano recitals drew very large 
houses during his Portland engagement. Nearly a 
hundred were present from Brunswick, a large pro- 
portion of them from the college. 

The College Quartette, consisting of Lord, 
Peaks, Dana, and Willard, has arranged for three 
concerts. January 31st they sing at Strong ; Feb- 
ruary J st, at Temple; February 2d, at New Vineyard. 

Owing to the absence of President Hyde Pro- 
fessor Chapman had charge of the chapel exercises 
Sunday, January 22d. He spoke on the topic, "Is 
Education a Failure?" and gave one of the most 
interesting and valuable talks of the year. 

The latest addition to the college associations 
and clubs comes in the shape of a German Club, 
meeting weekly. Only German is spoken, and the 
few meetings which have been held have been full 
of interest. Mr. Farnsworth is among the dozen 

Mr. Tolman, whose illness proves to be due 
largely to overwork, has decided to take a rest, 
as advised by his physician. He will spend the 
remainder of the term in the eastern part of the 

State, and hopes to be able to return to his college 
work during the spring term. 

The third themes of the term are due February 1st. 
Subjects are as follows: Juniors: 1— Ought Foreign 
Immigration to be Restricted for One Tear? 2 — 
Shall Bowdoin Enter the New England Intercolle- 
giate Athletic Association? 3— Benefits to be De- 
rived from the Study of Logic. Sophomore: 1— The 
Sunday Opening of the World's Fair. 2— A 
View of the Gymnasium During a Class Drill. 
3 — Bryant's Thanatopsis. 

The matter of joining the New England Inter- 
collegiate Athletic Association has begun to be 
talked of. Track athletics are not nearly so expen- 
sive as some other branches, yet are productive of 
fully as much glory to the successful college. 
Doubtless a meeting will soon be called to take 
action concerning this matter, since the represen- 
tatives of the college belonging to the association 
meet some time this month. 

The Banjo, Guitar, and Glee Club, assisted by 
T. H. Gately, Jr., '92, yodler, of Portland, will give 
a concert at Freeport, Wednesday evening, Febru- 
ary 8th. Tickets 35 cents. This will afford an 
excellent opportunity for any of the students who 
desire to hear them. Reduced rates have been ob- 
tained on Maine Central between Brunswick and 
Freeport, for those holding concert tickets. Tickets 
can be obtained of A. P. Ward, '96. 

The Glee and Banjo Club is organized as follows : 
Lord and Peaks, first tenor; Clifford and Clough, 
second tenor; Dana and May, first bass; Thomp- 
son and Willard, second bass ; P. M. Shaw, Baxter, 
Bryant, Coburn, M. S. Dyer, banjos; Bliss and 
J. T. Shaw, guitars. Lord is leader and Clifford 
business manager. The club will appear at Free- 
port, February 8th, and at Saco, February 15th. 
It will also probably give an entertainment in Bath 
in the near future. 

The work for the Athletic Exhibition has begun 
in earnest. In some departments matters do not 
look quite so hopeful as they might. We shall 
miss some of the men we had last year, but there 
is material enough in college to fill their places if 
there were sufficient enthusiasm to develop it. 
The leaders of the various squads are as follows : 
horizontal bar work, Foster; parallel bar work, 
Machan; tumbling, Bucknam; Pyramids, Machan ; 
and boxing and wrestling, A. Chapman. 

Last Thursday, being the Day of Prayer for 
Colleges, was observed as a holiday. In the morn- 
ing the celebrated " Andover Baud" spoke in Lower 



Memorial concerning their work in Franklin County. 
The band consists of two Bowdoin men, 0. D. 
Sewall, '87, and E. R. Stearns, '89, and three Will- 
iams men, J. C. Gregory, E. R. Smith, and W. W. 
Rainey. In au interesting way they described the 
different phases of the problem that they are trying 
to solve and the ways in which they are working. 
The college choir furnished music. 

Thursday, January 26th, being the day set apart 
for prayer for colleges, recitations were suspended 
and the day observed with appropriate exercises. 
It is a good time for us to consider the significance 
of the day and what it means to us as college stu- 
dents. We can profitably examine ourselves and 
ask if we are each doing our part towards extend- 
ing or even sustaining the Christian influence here 
at Bowdoin. 

In the morning the Y. M. C. A. held a short 
prayer and consecration meeting, at which an 
earnest, prayerful spirit prevailed. 

The forenoon exercises were a departure from 
the usual custom of having a single address. Instead 
we had the pleasure of listening to au account of 
the work that is being done in the towns of Franklin 
County by the Andover Band. The several addresses 
gave us a clearer view of the excellent opportunities 
for work all around us, and of the advantages and 
power of genuine and personal Christian fellowship. 

'44.— Judge William Wirt Virgin 
1 died at his residence in Portland, 
Monday morning, January 23d, at five 
minutes past twelve. His funeral took 
place at Congress Square Church, Wednesday after- 
noon at two o'clock. The services were conducted 
by Rev. Dr. Blanchard. All the remaining judges 
of the Maine Supreme Court acted as pall bearers. 
The funeral was attended by the Loyal Legion, the 
Grand Army, the Cumberland Bar Association, 

and representatives from the other bars of the 
State, from the Masonic bodies of the city, 
the Governor and Council, and a committee rep- 
resenting the Maine Senate and House of Rep- 

William Wirt Virgin was born at Rumford, 
September 18, 1823. He fitted for college at 
Bridgton and Bethel Academies, and graduated 
from Bowdoin College in 1844. Judge Virgin 
studied law with his father at Rumford, and 
was admitted to the bar in 1847. He began prac- 
tice in Norway, where he had his office until 1871. 
During the War of the Rebellion he took an active 
interest in the Union cause, and in 1862 he raised 
the 23d Maine Regiment, five companies from 
Oxford and five from Androscoggin County. This 
regiment he commanded through the nine mouths 
of its service, which was spent in the defense of 
Washington. He gained a high reputation for the 
discipline and efficiency of his command, although 
no very trying service fell to its lot. While practic- 
ing in Norway, Judge Virgin was three times elected 
county attorney of Oxford County, and was a 
member of the State Senate in 1865-66, the latter 
year as its President. The same year he was ap- 
pointed reporter of decisions, a position which he 
held until 1872, when he was appointed one of the 
judges of the State Supreme Court. He has been 
upon the bench almost constantly since that time, 
his last appointment having been made March, 30, 
1887, for the term of seven years. As a judge he 
has always been distinguished for a dignified and 
courteous deportment, and independence and im- 
partiality in his decisions. 

The Eastern Argus says of him : "Of William 
Wirt Virgin it can with truth be said that he was 
an upright judge. During the 21 years in which he 
sat upon the Supreme Bench of Maine he was 
continally giving proofs of his ripe legal knowledge, 
calm judgment, and unswerving love of justice. 
Outside of the court room he was one of the most 
affable of men, easy to approach, and always 
interested in the welfare of others. In the fullness 
of years and well-merited honors he has heard and 
answered the inevitable call, and passed to the 
higher life. The memory of him will be foudly 
cherished by the multitude of friends he loaves on 

'44.— The complimentary dinner to Hon. Horatio 
Gates Herrick, for twenty-seven consecutive years 
sheriff of Essex County, Mass., came off at Young's 
Hotel, Boston, Saturday night, January 21st. The 



dinner was tendered Mr. Herrick by the Essex Bar, 
and one hundred gentlemen, including many judges 
and ex-judges of the Massachusetts courts, were 
present. During the evening, the ex-sheriff was 
presented with a magnificent silver service. 

'64.— The Biddeford Standard says: "Judge 
Enoch Foster, who is presiding at the present term of 
Court, is said by his admirers to be one of the best 
presiding justices of the Supreme Court. He is 
quick in catching a point, well read aud energetic, 
and his intimate friends declare that a man with a 
kinder heart never lived. He comes into court with 
a smile and a 'Good morning' for the lawyers and 
court officials, and stops to chat a few minutes with 
these gentlemen. His black hair waves artistically 
over a broad forehead, and he does not look to be 
over forty years of age. He is a reserved and dig- 
nified judge and his opinions are not only sound in 
law but forcible in expression. His Honor is a 
terror to rum-sellers, and woe to the dealer who 
gets in his clutches, for he will be punished to the 
full extent of the law." 

'74.— Albion G. Bradstreet died in Phoenix, Ari- 
zona, on Tuesday, January 17th. Mr. Bradstreet 
was born in North Bridgton, January 30, 1852. 
After graduation in the class of 1874, from Bowdoin 
College, where he took high honors, especially in 
mathematics, he was for several years engaged in 
civil engineering in connection with the Maine Cen- 
tral and the Eastern Railroads. Leaving the em- 
ployment of these roads he became principal of the 
High School at Gardiner, remaining there a little 
over a year. He then began the study of law in 
Portland, in the office of Hon. J. H. Drummond, 
and subsequently took a two years' course at the 
Harvard Law School. He was admitted to the 
Cumberland Bar, and opened a law office in Portland, 
with a branch office at Bridgton. In 1879 he was 
elected a Representative to the legislature from 
Bridgton, and was re-elected in 1880. In 1881 he 
was appointed acting general manager aud chief 
engineer of the Tehauntepec Inter-Ocean Railroad 
Company, a large and important organization that 
was engaged in building a railroad in Mexico 
across the Isthmus of Tehauntepec. Mr. Bradstreet 
remained in Mexico about five years and during 
that time accumulated a handsome property chiefly 
by fortunate investments. Returning to this 
country he went into the banking business in New 
York City, also acting as agent for the sale in the 
United States of the famous Mexican beverage 
known as pulque. But failing health caused hkn 
to sell his interest in the bank and seek a change 

of climate. He had been living in Arizona over a 
year prior to his death. He leaves a widow, the 
daughter of Hon. D. C. Palmer, formerly post- 
master of Gardiner, and one child, Alice, about 
five years old. 

'77. — Lieutenant Peary, the Arctic explorer, 
saw bumble-bees as far north as latitude 81° 37' in 
Greenland, and stated that bluebottle flies were as 
common that far north as they are in Philadelphia 
around a butcher shop. The latitude mentioned is 
within about 580 miles of the North Pole. Lieuten- 
ant Peary has been giving a very successful series 
of lectures on his Greenland expedition. 

'85.— Rev. Frank W. Davis aud Miss Helen 
Webster were married Wednesday morning, Jan- 
uary 25th, at the home of the bride in Castine. 
They left at once for Cumberland, where Mr. Davis 
is settled as pastor of the Congregational church. 
Mr. Davis is a graduate of Bowdoin College and of 
Bangor Theological Seminary, and has been princi- 
pal of the high school at Gorbam, and later of that 
at Woodford's. 

'88.— Professor D. M. Cole has been giving illus- 
trated lectures on the Labrador expedition. 

'89.— Emerson L. Adams and Miss Effie C. Das- 
combe were married at Wilton, on the 30th of No- 
vember, 1892. 

'91.— The following appears in the Bangor Com- 
mercial of last Friday : " The marriage of Mr. 
Thomas S. Burr, of this city, and Miss Kate Patter- 
son Smith, of Patten, at the bride's home yester- 
day, is announced. Mr. Burr, who is a graduate of 
Bowdoin College, has been located in Patten some 
time as the principal of Patten Academy and has 
met with unusual success there, while the bride is 
a very bright and talented young lady, the daughter 
of Mrs. B. L. Smith, formerly of this city. No par- 
ticulars of the happy event have been received, but 
Mr. and Mrs Burr will receive any number of con- 
gratulations and best wishes from Bangor friends." 
The Orient extends congratulations to its former 


The following is a brief sketch of the Bowdoin 
graduates who are members of the present Maine 
Legislature : 


'72.-^George M. Seiders, senator from Cumber- 
land County, resides in Portland ; a Republican ; 
lawyer; age, 48; born in Union; educated at Lincoln 
Academy ; graduated from Bowdoin in 1872. He was 
principal of Greeley Institute, Cumberland, and of 



Waltham High School, Waltbam, Mass., and pro- 
fessor in Episcopal Academy of Connecticut, Ches- 
bre, Conn. He read lawwith Hon. Thomas B. Reed, 
'60. He was a member of the Maine Legislature in 
1878, and on judiciary committee. He was after- 
wards United States assistant counsel in Alabama 
court of claims. He was County Attorney for 
Cumberland two terms, 1885-7. 

'73. — Addison E. Herrick, senator from Oxford 
County, resides in Bethel; a Republican; lawyer; 
born in Greenwood; age, 45. He was educated at 
Gould Academy, Hebron Academy, and at Bowdoin, 
where he graduated in 1873. He studied law with 
Hon. Enoch Poster, of Bethel, and was admitted 
to the Oxford Bar in 1877. He practiced with Mr- 
Poster until the latter was appointed a judge of the 
Supreme Judicial Court. He is treasurer of the 
Betbel Savings Bank, and one of the trustees of 
Gould Academy. He is much interested in educa- 
tional matters. He represented bis district in the 
last Legislature. 

'77.— Carroll W. Morrill, representative from 
Portland, is a Republican; a lawyer; age, 39; 
born in Falmouth; fitted for college at Westbrook 
Seminary, and graduated from Bowdoin in the class 
of '77. He studied law in the office of Hon. M. P. 
Frank, in Portland; was admitted to the bar in 
1882, and has practiced in Portland. He is presi- 
dent of the Lincoln Club, one of the largest and 
most influential political organizations in the State. 
'77.— John A. Roberts, representative from 
Norway, is a Republican ; a farmer and book-keeper; 
age, 40; born in Gardiner; educated at Oxford 
Normal Institute, and Bowdoiu, where he graduated 
in 1877. He has been supervisor of schools and 
selectman. He read law with Hon. M. T. Ludden, 
of Lewiston. He was admitted to the bar in Oxford 
County and practiced a year and a half. He gave 
up the law and went into farming on account of his 
health. For the last two years he has been book- 
keeper for C. B. Cummings & Sons, Norway. 

'80.— John Scott, representative from Patten, is 
a Democrat; a lawyer; age, 41 ; born in Clifton; 
educated at Maine Central Institute and at Bow- 
doin, in the class of '80. He has held various town 
offices, and was a member of the Legislature in 

'82.— George C. Weeks, representative from 
Fairfield, is a Republican; a lawyer; age, 31; 
born in Fairfield, and educated at the High School, 
and Bowdoin College, class of '82. 

'90. — Thomas C. Spillane, representative from 
Lewiston, is a Democrat; a Catholic; lawyer; age, 
24 ; born in Lewiston ; educated in the public 
schools of that city, and graduated from Bowdoin 
in 1890. He studied law with Savage & Oakes, and 
was admitted to the Androscoggin County Bar in 
September, 1892. He is at present a member of 
the Common Council of Lewiston. He is one of the 
two youngest members of the Legislature. 

Book I^eview§. 

(Historic and Political Essays. By Henry Cabot 
Lodge. Boston and New York. Houghton, Mifflin 
& Co.) Mr. Lodge, more widely known as the author 
of the "Force Bill," has been for some time a promi- 
nent figure in politics. His abilities as a statesman 
have been recently recognized by his native State 
in making him one of her two representatives in 
the United States Senate. In his essays upon Wm. 
H. Seward, James Madison, and Gouverneur Mor- 
ris, he has made a faithful portrayal of their char- 
acter and public career. Upon " Patronage in 
Office" he traces the rise and development of the 
"Spoils System," and its attendant evils, and shows 
himself an ardent supporter of Civil Service Re- 
form. "The Distribution of Ability in the United 
States" has excited much comment, and has even 
been translated into the Japanese language. It 
contains tables classifying the prominent citizens of 
the United States according to occupation, birth- 
place, and race extradition. 

What he has to say upon "Parliamentary Ob- 
struction and Minorities," leave no chance for doubt 
as to what his opinion is upon those subjects, of 
which he is clearly the master. The last essay, 
"Party Allegiance," is of special interest to college 
men, as it was written especially for students. He 
states emphatically that every man should take an 
interest in politics and be an active member of that 
party, the principals of which correspond nearest 
with his own. 

(Promethius Unbound. By Shelley. Edited by 
Vida D. Scudder, M.A. Boston. Heath & Co. 65c.) 
This drama is but little read, even by lovers of 
Shelley, because of its difficulty. The introduction 
of this edition discusses the work at length, and 
the notes are made up for the most part of extracts 
from the best critics. Bound in cloth, for class use. 



(1! Arrabbiatia. Von Paul Heyse. Edited by 
Dr. Wilhelm Bernhardt. Boston. D. C. Heath & 
Co. 25c.) A neat paper edition for school use, 
with notes and German-English vocabulary. 

(Le Due cle Beaufort. Par Dumas. Edited by 
D. B. Kitchen, M.A. Boston. D. C. Heath & Co. 
30c.) School edition in paper, with notes. 

(La Mare au Biable. By Geo. Sand. Edited by 
P. C. de Sumichrast. Boston. D. C. Heath"& Co. 
30c.) One of the most successful works of this 
author. Paper bound for school use. 

In Base-Ball. 

" Will you drop Into my mitten ? " 

Said the fielder to the fly. 
"No I thank you," said the spheriod 

As he passed the fielder by. 

" My skin is very tender 

And your mitten's hard and tough, 

And though I fear you may object 

I think I'll use a muff."— Williams Weekly. 

The Vassar Miscellany says that forty per cent, 
of the alumnse manage to find husbands. 

The Brown Glee Club expects to go as far South 
as Florida on its Easter trip. 

The American school at Athens will soon resume 
excavations at the Herseum of Argos and Sparta. 

Last year the entire Junior class in the engi- 
neering department of the University of Virginia 
failed to pass their examinations. 

Clark, '95, has been elected captain of the Tufts 
College foot-ball team for the season of 1893. 

A $200,000 building will be erected for the use 
of the department of electrical engineering at 

Five hundred and twelve men receive free tui- 
tion every year at Cornell. 

The University of Chicago will publish from its 
own press three periodicals, on University Exten- 
sion, Economics, and Geology. 

Different Causes— Same Result. 

" ' Tis love that makes the world go 'round," 

These words we often hear ; 
But the same phenomenon is found 

In drinking wine with beer. — Tale Lit. 

John C. Clarkson, the well-known pitcher, will 
coach the Yale nine this year. 

Twelve men have been suspended from Brown 
for not being measured by the gymnasium author- 

At a meeting of the trustees of Dartmouth Col- 
lege it was unanimously voted to unite the Chand- 
ler School as a department with the academic. 

The Sigma Phi Chapter house at Williams Col- 
lege was recently destroyed by fire. It was valued 
at $35,000. 

The University of Oxford has appliances for 
printing one hundred and fifty languages. 

The presidents of the following colleges are 
graduates of Yale: Yale University, Johns Hop- 
kins University, Rutgers College, University of 
Minnesota, Pennsylvania State College, Beloit Col- 
lege, Atlanta University, Tulane University, South- 
ern University, and Doane College. 

The oldest college graduate in America is James 
Kitchens, of Philadelphia, who was in the class of 
1819 at University of Pennsylvania. 

Dartmouth has obtained the use of the New 
Hampshire building at the World's Fair for a spec- 
ified day, when a college reunion will be held. 

The College of the City of New York will soon 
move to another building which is to cost $750,000. 

In Vacation. 
He went to— well — a score-of balls, 

And multitudes of dances, 
At least full fifty lunches; 

And he fell in love (he fancies) 
With full five " buds " ! To this excess 

His weary frame attested; 
" Ah well," he sighed, " I now will have 
A whole term to get rested! " 

— Williams Weekly. 
Bethany College, West Virginia, has the peculiar 
custom of observing April 1st, All Fools' Day, as a 

The faculty at Princeton have decided to put 
men on their honor during examinations. There 
will be no supervision, each student simply, at the 
end of his paper, subscribing the following declara- 
tion: "I pledge my honor as a gentleman that, 
during this examination, I have neither given nor 
received assistance." 

Harvard won in the joint debate with Yale at 
Cambridge, January 18th. 



Wait for the Lost. 

"Umbrellas re-covered while you wait." 

In the window read the sign ; 
From all my friends who have borrowed them, 

O, pray, recover mine. — Brunonian. 

The college endowments of Massachusetts are 
said to amount to $10,650,000, and the value of 
college buildings and grounds is $5,013,000. 

The new Northwestern Methodist College at 
Albany, Mo., was burned Saturday. The loss is 
estimated at $45,000. It is thought to be the work 
of an incendiary. 

An electric clock has been put in the registrar's 
office at the University of Chicago which will auto- 
matically ring the bells throughout the building at 
the beginning and close of recitations. 

It is not at the close of their daily devotions, 
But at close of the " season's " gay follies and notions, 
That society maidens of thirty and ten, 
Look up sadly, and sighing, then whisper, "ah! men! " 
— Brunonian. 

The catalogue of Williams College has just 
appeared. It shows a total registration of 338 stu- 
dents at that institution. 

At its annual Commencement next June the 
Johns Hopkins University will bestow the first 
degree ever given to a woman by that institution. 

We have just marked do/\vu a very choice lot of Neckwear 
that jve have been selling for 50 Cents to 

29c. = 

This is a special lot and it cannot be duplicated for the money in 
Portland. The patterns are particularly pretty. 

The Atkinson 49c. Shirt. The Farrington 47c. Shirt. 

Outing Shirts, 25 Cents. 

Men's Underwear, 25c. Summer Shirts in Colors. 

Great Variety in 

Men's and Boys' Clothing and Furnishings 

At the Very Lowest Prices. 

The Atkinson Company 

Middle, Pearl, and Vine Streets, 


Isaac C. Atkinson, General Manager. 




Basement Snow's Block, Main Street. 



565 Congress St., - PORTLAND, ME. 






^■F I %M %M %M ■ bh SlVob"md recSvea grossof'tiie"new' f ''Poet , s " Fen and a combination Rub- 
ber Penholder. Write name and address on separate sbeet. Send poems before Jan. 1,'98> A-wardsmade by 
competent judges soon alter. Circulars. The Esterbrook Steel Pen Co., 36 John St., N. X. 


48 PRIZES. 2 of SlOO each; 4 of $50 ; 13 of $25 ; :fiO of «10. 

J'oi'ms not to exceed 34 lines, averaging" * words. Competitors to remit 

p "Prtot'n" Pnn nnii a nnmliiTiJitinn Itiih- 


Vol. XXII. 


No. 14. 





O. W. Peabody, '93, Managing Editor. 

H. C. Fabyan, '93, Assistant Managing Editor. 

B. L. Bryant, '95, Business Manager. 

W. P. Chamberlain, '93. F. M. Shaw, '93. 

M. S. Clifford, '93. H. E. Andrews, '94. 

R. R. Goodell, '93. F. J. Libby, '94. 

F. W. Pickard, '94. 

Per annum, in advance, 
Single Copies, . 

. $2.00. 
15 Cents. 

Extra copies can beobtained attbe bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Manager. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Manager. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishesto have appended. 

Contributions for Rhyme and Reason Department should be 
sent to Box 1100, Brunswick, We. 

Personal items should be sent to Box 4, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post-Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 


Vol. XXII., No. 14.— February 15,1893. 

Editorial Notes, 223 

The Psi Upsilon Reception, 225 

The Fugitive, 226 

Tom's Story, 227 

The Yell Question, 230 

The Pessioptimist, 230 

Rhyme and Reason: 

The River, 231 

When Thou Art Near 232 

My Guest 232 

Collegii Tabula, 232 

Y. M. C. A 234 

Personal, 235 

Book Reviews, 236 

College World, 236 

In another column one of our alumni 
takes from the table the venerable question 
of a college yell. The one of which he speaks 
was suggested last year and certainly has the 
merit of being original. A serious drawback 
to it is the difficulty of enunciation. A large 
proportion of the sounds being labial it is a 
question whether the carrying power of the 
yell would be at all commensurate with the 
strength put into it. The subject of a yell, 
however, ought to be agitated again. It has 
been very skillfully argued in j'ears past that 
we need a new one ; so instead of going over 
the argument again it would perhaps be 
better to proceed to business at once. If a 
number of yells are presented through the 
Orient the Athletic Association will doubt- 
less be willing to take some action on the 
matter later on. Who has another one? 

TTfHE question of the admission of Maine 
A State into the base-ball league comes up 
again, of course. The sentiment at Bow- 
doin is decidedly against it. We should be 
sorry to see any change in the satisfactory 
arrangement of last season. Colby, Bates, 
and Bowdoin, within easy distance of each 
other, can play with comparatively small 
expense and little trouble. With the addi- 
tion of Maine State College there becomes 
necessary, for Bowdoin at least, an increase 



of expenditure and inconvenience totally out 
of proportion to the benefit derived. This 
matter of expense is a very important con- 
sideration, especially now that we have joined 
the Athletic Association. Our neighbors 
who have recently gone into the foot-ball 
business will soon appreciate, if they do not 
already, that when a college is supporting 
several athletic enterprises it is not wise to 
drain the pocket-book for any one of them. 

T a meeting of the committee on the 
Scientific Building, held in Boston last 
week, the plans were submitted to Mr. 
Searles's attorney, General Hubbard, and 
approved by him to the fullest extent. That 
nothing will be spared for the sake of 
economy is indicated by the offer of tile 
floors for the chemical laboratories in place of 
the asphalt or hard wood floors which the 
committee had been considering. The great 
advantage of tiles in a chemical laboratory 
can be easily appreciated. No other scientific 
building in the country, however, has this 
kind of floor. Not only in details like this 
but in general it is confidently asserted that 
the Searles Building carries out the original 
intention of beating everything of the kind 
in the country. Now that the necessary 
arrangements are completed the plans will 
be immediately submitted to contractors for 

PRESIDENT HYDE is investigating the 
subject of a common dining-hall for the 
college. It is believed that the cost of board 
could be materially lessened by such an insti- 
tution under judicious management, and 
probably a large proportion of the students 
would prefer it to the present system of 
eating clubs and private boarding houses. 
A perfect club is the ideal way of boarding, 
but if the frequent changes of some of those 
in Brunswick signify anything it is evident 
that only one or two have come very near to 

this condition. Most of them would prob- 
ably succumb upon the establishment of a 
general college dining-hall. We do not think, 
however, that all of them would. 

TT7HESE alternate sloppy and slippery days 
-*- are " the times that try men's soles." 
In the process of a week or two some of the 
principal thoroughfares have been sparingly 
sprinkled with sand and ashes, but at the 
time of this writing several, including the 
via sacra, have not gone into mourning, but 
reflect the noon-day sun with a smile that is 
child-like and bland and at the same time 
exceedingly deceitful. Since the final desti- 
nation of the ashes seems to be on the college 
paths it might be well to make a more gen- 
erous use of it during the present month. 
It is much pleasanter to have it under foot 
in the winter than in the spring when the 
frost is coming out of the ground. 

IN THE account in the last number of the 
banquet of the Boston Alumni Association 
Professor Robinson is erroneously credited 
with speaking of the furnishings aud fittings 
of the Art Building. The error first occurred 
in the Boston Herald, from which we took in 
substance the account of the meeting. It 
was impossible to verify it at the time, as 
Professor Robinson was in Chicago. 

TPHE Okient is very sorry to learn of Mr. 
-^ Tol man's forced absence from his col- 
lege duties. It is the earnest wish of all 
that he may return next term with renewed 

TTT THE annual meeting in Boston, last 
/*■ Saturday, Bowdoin was admitted to the 
New England Intercollegiate Athletic Asso- 
ciation. Now we are in it, let us show them 
what Down East is good for. A large num- 



ber has already signified an intention to 
train. That is " the stuff." If they cannot 
all take prizes some of them can at least 
serve as running mates for the record break- 
ers. Two or three men are already spoken 
of as likely to hold up the honor of the col- 
lege. Everybody who is going into this 
must get about training at once, for Bowdoin 
has several years of back work to make up. 

TTFHERE seems to be a "tempest in a tea- 
*■ pot " in Freshman politics this year. 
Prior to the class election two factions were 
formed, one of which, under the experienced 
leadership of a couple of Augusta politicians, 
succeeded in grabbing all the literary parts.- 
This was just a little hoggish. Now the 
other faction says it " doesn't care, so now ! 
but it won't go to the old banquet," etc. 
It is strange, but Freshman honors seem now 
to be considered more important than those 
of any other year. It used to be the desire 
of everybody to let some one else officiate at 
the Freshman banquet and wait yourself for 
Ivy Day or Class Day ; but times have 
changed. What a blessing it is, however, to 
belong to a class where the societies are all 
friends, a class whose only disadvantage lies 
in its being so small that the offices go 
around twice. 

The Psi Upsilon Reception. 

TlfHE Kappa Chapter of Psi Upsilon gave 
*■ its fourth annual reception on Friday, 
February 10th, at Memorial Hall. The 
guests began to arrive about half-past eight 
o'clock, and shortly after nine were received 
in the upper hall by the patronnesses, Mrs. 
William DeWitt Hyde, Mrs. Franklin C. 
Robinson, Mrs. Alfred Mitchell, Mrs. Stephen 
I. Young, Mrs. Henry Johnson, and Mrs. 
William A. Houghton. As is customary at 
i the Psi Upsilon parties the rooms on either 

side of the stage were filled with comforta- 
ble seats for those who wished to "sit out" 
or rest, and a post of observation was estab- 
lished on the left of the stage. The orches- 
tra occupied the corresponding elevation on 
the right, as the stage itself was given up 
to tables for the orders, and during the 
reception rendered a selection or two by 
way of concert. Dancing began about 9.30, 
and the following was the order: 

1. Waltz, Danube Waves. 

2. Sohottische, . . . Push dem Clouds Away. 

3. Lauciers, Minstrel Dreams. 

4. Waltz, Songs. 

5. Polka, Assembly. 

6. Schottiscbe, . . . Dear Ones Far Away. 

7. Waltz, Toreador. 


8. Waltz, Wang. 

9. Schottiscbe, ...... Break of Day. 

10. Polka, Pr-Ca-Pia. 

11. Waltz, Psi U. Girls! 

12. Portland Fancy, Operatic Airs. 

13. Schottiscbe, Selected. 

14. Waltz, Auf Wiedersehn. 

At intermission all descended to the 
lower hall, where refreshments were served 
by Murray, of Water ville. After intermission 
dancing was resumed and kept up until nearly 
two o'clock, when the strains of "Auf Wied- 
ersehn " warned the company that the time for 
parting was at hand. Among those present 
from out of town were : Mrs. Thompson, 
Mrs. Patten, Miss Hyde, Miss Sewall, Miss 
Fletcher, Miss Worth, Mrs. John Patten, 
and Miss Higgins, of Bath ; Miss Long, Miss 
Johnson, and Miss Spear, of Portland ; Miss 
Locke, of Bradford ; Hon. J. B. Redman, 
of Ellsworth ; Messrs. Brooks, Mann, and 
Young, of Boston; Messrs. Warren and 
Pratt, of Fryeburg; Mr. Hutchinson, of 
Portland; Mr. Hill, of Bath; Mr. Drake, 
Eben W. Freeman, Esq., and wife, Mr. 
Downes, Mr. Simonton. 



The committee of arrangements was : A. 
A. Hussey, '93 ; H. E. Andrews, '94 ; F. W. 
Blair, '95, and F. B. Smith, '96. 

The Fugitive. 

TTWAY U p am011 g the wilds of Maine, near 
/ ■*■ the New Hampshire line, lies a remote 
clearing surrounded by forests, hills, and 
streams on every side. To the tourist's eye 
it is a wild and savage spot, and one is struck 
more by the grandeur than by the beauties 
of Nature in this secluded and lonely open- 
ing in the woods. It is situated on the south 
slope of one of Maine's rugged hills, and is 
carefully concealed, so carefully in fact that 
one is surprised when he comes out into this 
cleared place in the woods, and his first 
impression is that whoever settled here in 
the wilderness intentionally concealed his 
log cabin and clearing. Nor is he much mis- 
taken in his first conjecture, for it has turned 
out that this small hut and opening in the 
woods belonged to a fugitive negro slave 
who escaped from his master just before the 
beginning of the Great Civil War, — that war 
in which all slaves were freed and the Union 
was preserved. With this negro fugitive my 
story has to deal, and is simply a narrative of 
his adventures, — adventures in which was 
exhibited all the courage, and, moreover, all 
that indomitable will and energy which this 
black, curly-headed man seemed to possess. 
The sun was slowly setting over the 
mountainous, uncultivated regions, which are 
situated in the vicinity of the Roanoke, the 
James, and their tributaries in the state of 
Virginia. The sun going down behind these 
hills caused the shadows, lengthening along 
the fertile valleys, to chase each other over 
large plantations covered with immense fields 
of tobacco and cereals. This region, or rather 
the valleys between the parallel ridges, being 
well watered and yielding plentiful crops 
when properly tilled, is justly called the 
granary of the state. The shadows fell on 

the form of a tall, well-proportioned negro; 
a figure, in fact, that would have made a fit 
model for a sculptor, one in which that rare 
beauty of form, born of brute strength, was 
combined with a certain manliness and de- 
termination of expression seldom met with 
in the face of a negro. He was returning 
from his hard day's labor, and bore on his 
face a look of sorrow, showing that some- 
thing had gone wrong during the day. He 
went to his lonely cabin in the negro quarters 
and, lighting a half-burned candle, proceeded 
to read a few verses from a well-worn Bible, 
for this negro had early learned to read, hav- 
ing been brought up under a kind master. 
Massa Richard, had from the first conceived 
a liking for the intelligent black face of 
Charles, as he was familiarly called, and had 
been perhaps a trifle more kind to him than 
to his other slaves. 

The negro blew out his candle and threw 
himself at full length on the straw bed in 
the corner. " So Massa Richard is going to 
sell me," said he to himself, " I'd like to 
know what he's going to do it for," then he 
fell asleep and dreamed of better days when 
he was younger and had romped and played 
in the fields. 

Mr. Richards, the owner of the plantation, 
had become embarrassed in business and 
found himself obliged to part with some of 
his best slaves. That day a wealthy slave- 
trader had looked them over, and had 
picked out two or three, among whom was 
Charles, and this was the reason for the sor- 
rowful expression which had possessed his 
face the night before as he had gone home- 
ward in the glorious sunset. 

Charles arose and went to his work as 
usual, early, but was very silent and scarcely 
'spoke to those around him. He was deeply 
grieved to be compelled to leave the planta- 
tion where he was born, and which he had 
learned to love as his home. Soon after din- 
ner the trader came and took away Charles 



and the other negroes which he had 
bought. Mr. Richards was not anywhere in 
sight when Charles was led off, because it 
grieved him very much to part with his most 
intelligent slave, and he realized that, if he 
was present when the poor negro was taken 
away, he would exhibit his feelings too 

The slaves followed the trader, who rode 
toward his own small farm. Charles was 
put in a hut, with his companions, for the 
night. He tossed until midnight, unable 
to get a moment's sleep. Arising, without 
awakening the others, he glided out into the 
night. The stars were shining brightly, 
but there was no moon. The negro paced 
back and forth in front of the hut, his head 
bowed and his honest black face wrajjped in 
thought. Suddenly he raised his head, and, 
with a determined look, started at a rapid 
walk straight away from the place. He had 
determined to escape from this slave-trader, 
who would sell him in a few days, and he 
would probably be taken to a distant planta- 
tion and perhaps cruelly treated. The black 
man increased his pace, fully realizing the 
fact that he would be pursued in the morning, 
a pursuit, the end of which might mean 
terrible suffering for himself, if those trained 
hounds once caught him. About five o'clock 
in the morning he came to the James River. 
Instead of crossing, the negro started down 
stream, wading where the stream was shallow 
and swimming where it was deeper. His 
object in this was twofold : first, he wished 
to throw the hounds off the scent ; and, 
second, to reach a secluded spot in the woods 
where he might pass the day until the welcome 
darkness of the long night should enfold the 
whole land in shadow, when he could again 
pass on, he knew not where, only somewhere 
out of the reach of the man who had recently 
become his master. The slave-trader discov- 
ered his loss early on the following morning 
and immediately started his dogs on the trail. 

They followed the scent quite rapidly as far 
as the river, but there it ended. They went 
up and down the river, following the men, but 
could not find the trail. Then the trader, cross- 
ing with his clogs, went up and down the banks 
on that side. Meanwhile poor Charles was 
crouched in some bushes underneath a shelv- 
ing bank far down the river. At last the 
trader concluded that the negro had drowned 
himself and went back to his place. 

It would be a long story to relate all the 
adventures that befell the poor negro in his 
journey toward the North; suffice it to say 
that he reached Trenton, N. J., having begged 
all the food he ate at farm-houses on the way. 
He found employment there, his honest, 
manly face being a great help to him in secur- 
ing work. He soon got frightened, however, 
at some reports he heard about the return of 
negro fugitives to their masters, and, buying 
a ticket, set out immediately for the wilds of 
Maine. On arriving at a small village near the 
New Hampshire line he bought fire-arms and 
an axe and started for the woods. He cleared 
the little spot spoken of in the first of the 
story and lived a hermit's life, making occa- 
sional trips to the village to sell the products 
of the forest and his little clearing, and buy- 
ing the necessaries for his lonely life in the 
woods. He lived until long after the close 
of the war, and was found one day by some 
hunters, dead on the floor of his log cabin. 

Tom's Story. 

PIGGINS," calls out Mr. John Harvey 
Turner from the awning -covered 
quarter-deck of the yacht Augusta, of which 
he is sole owner and commander. 

No answer. 

"Higgins," he calls again, this time with 
just the least touch of asperity in his tone ; and 
this time he is successful, for somewhere up 
forward he hears an impatient exclamation, 
a rattling scramble of a body to its feet, and 



then at the door of the pilot-house stands a 
duck-clad figure with hand to cap, from 
whose tarry throat comes rolling out the 
conventional reply, "On duty, sir!" with 
unmistakable Hibernian accent and in a 
voice in which one hears mingled echoes of 
boatswain's pipe and roaring gale and ringing 
sea-song. For this same Higgins is a man- 
o'-war's man of the old school, a graduate 
of Uncle Sam's navy, who now holds the 
more lucrative and important position as 
sailing master of the steam yacht Augusta, 
of New York City. Higgins looks sleepy 
after his stolen nap, and his eyes blink 
curiously in the blazing sunlight of the July 
afternoon ; but, asleep or awake, he is still 
the " old salt," and now he pours forth the 
orders to his subordinates with such good 
judgment and so discreet a use of his exten- 
sive vocabulary of sailor profanity that, at 
eight bells in the afternoon watch, he presents 
himself at the door of the after-cabin, with 
"Yacht under weigh, sir," and awaits his 
orders for sailing. 

Mr. John Harvey Turner, of Turner, 
Nash & Turner, the New York brokers, is 
the same dear old fellow whom we knew at 
Colburn College as "Jack" when he was 
making ardent love to a certain lass who* 
we believe, is now Mrs. Turner. He and a 
party of four bachelor friends are making a 
flying trip to Bar Harbor and back, and now, 
just as they are leaving that gay resort on 
their return to the great metropolis, the 
entire party is gathered on the quarter-deck, 
prepared for a fine afternoon at sea. 

For a time the steamer plows along, 
without a word from one of the part} 7 . 
Even Jack, usually so bright and talkative, 
is strangely quiet, and the others seem to 
have caught his mood. Jack's thoughts are 
beginning to turn tenderly toward a certain 
little golden-haired woman in a big house in 
Fifth Avenue, when Tom Van Comte, who 
is the quiet man of the party, breaks the 

silence by suddenly knocking the ashes 
from his pipe and clearing his throat in a 
most suggestive manner. 

The hint is sufficient. The "boys" 
settle down lazily into their deck chairs, and, 
taking the cue from Jack's murmured "Well, 
Tom," the latter begins his yarn. 

"I don't know just why I tell you this. 
It is my life story. Some of you know it. I 
would tell it nowhere else. But to-day 
something happened that brought it all 
before my would-be-forgetful mind, and if 
you'll bear with me I'll tell it. 

"You, Judge, will remember that when 
in college I was engaged to be married to — 
a certain young lady of our college town. 
I was then preparing for work in my chosen 
profession, and had before me what seemed 
like a bright future. Our engagement was 
announced just before n^ graduation, and 
then came a week of happiness, Commence- 
ment, and — separation, for I had secured a 
good position in the city, and left in early 
July to take it. I thought I was deeply in 
love, and hated to tear myself away from 
what had been so sweet a four years' 
companionship with Jennie. 

"Ah, but she was lovely then! Tall, 
slim, a face of purest cast and transparent 
skin, crowned with a mass of dark, shining 
hair; and, as I told her once as she stood 
before me in a plain red gown, looking like 
nothing but a tender, dainty rosebud in her 
simple, yet regal, beauty. 

"She was tender, faithful, and constant; 
I was ardent, impulsive, and indiscreet. 
When I left finally for New York I thought 
that I loved her; I know that she loved me. 

" Well, it was the same old story. I got 
down to my work, and, in the exciting, 
restless life of a New York newspaper man, 
found myself slowly drawing away from my 
old friends aud associations, 'way down east. 

"At length another stage came. I met 
in mj r wanderings about town a pretty 



shop-girl, whose seeming child-like innocence 
and charming artlessness won from me my 
truant heart, and, to my shame be it said, 
Jennie was well-nigh forgotten. 

"For weeks I spent much of my spare 
time 'in the company of my new friend, and 
found that for one who had lived so long in 
the city, she was surprisingly ignorant of the 
ways of the world and the people therein. 
Did I love her? I don't know. I don't 
believe that I did. At least, I never dare to 
compare what was a passing passion with 
the trusting affection of Jennie Norton. 

"And thus I lived on. By heartless and 
self-deluding conceit in writing my letters 
I succeded in satisfying Jennie, and she 
knew naught of my sin. Time went on, and 
I drew slowly deeper and deeper into the 
toils of the siren whom I thought I loved. 

"One day the crash came. An incident, 
or rather an accident, in the police depart- 
ment of my paper showed to me in her true 
light the woman whom I had supposed a 
simple shop-girl and for whom I had broken 
my plighted troth. I was horrified, and 
swore never to see her again, but one day, 
the day before Christmas, I met her face to 
face in Madison Square, and could not 
escape. To make matters short let me say 
that she swore I should marry her, steeped 
in infamy as she was, and threatened suit for 
breach of promise if I refused to comply. 

"I knew not what to do. I would have 
died rather than have had my name coupled 
with that of such a creature either at altar 
or bar. Finally, to gain time, I asked her to 
step into a little Twenty-third Street restau- 
rant, and with a hard laugh and some coarse 
remark that cut me like a knife, she acqui- 
esced. She had thrown aside all her former 
pretence of being an artless girl, and stood 
forth shamelessly in her true colors ; and 
when I entered the restaurant door I looked 
about us anxiously, fearing to discover 
friends. Knowing the place well, and desir- 

ing to be hid from the public gaze, I led the 
way to a secluded alcove, well known to 
us both as the scene of many a pleasant 
tite-d-tete, where we could talk undisturbed. 
" I was going on confidently enough, believ- 
ing the coast clear, when as I turned the 
corner, there, the traces of long travel not 
yet removed, but chatting happily with her 
mother, sat Jennie, my betrothed. 

" For a minute I was completely stunned. 
I thought that I should faint, and felt dizzy 
and sick. They did not see me, and I might 
have escaped had not my companion become 
impatient and with a rough exclamation 
pushed me on, half dazed as I was, till I was 
close upon them. 

"Attracted by the stir Jennie turned, and 
with all her love shining up in her dear blue 
eyes, would have welcomed me as of old, 
when at the sight of my companion her cheek 
paled, and as she leaned heavily on the table 
for support, her voice trembled pitifully when 
she spoke to me in her gentle, timid, well- 
remembered tones. I was terribly embar- 
rassed and was stammering out some stilted 
phrases, when the woman at my elbow, leer- 
ing horribly at the two, cried out: "Hello, 
Tommy ! What 's this, some country pick-up 
of yours? " 

"I tried to shut her up, but she would not 
be stopped and rattled on till, with a look of 
awful reproach and sobbing lips, Jennie 
hurriedly left the alcove, followed by her 

"At first I was dazed with a flood of 
remorse, guilt, and shame. Then the taunts 
of the fiend before me turned my shame to 
furious rage. I forced her into a corner, and 
heaped fiery maledictions on her head. At 
this she only smiled. But when, foaming 
with anger, I pulled from my coat pocket a 
glittering six-shooter and threatened to kill 
her then and there, she crouched before me 
for the moment subdued, cowed like all her 
class at sight of a deadly weapon. 



" Now my anger commenced to subside, 
but realizing that I had her in my power I 
tore on, and with cocked weapon made as if 
to kill her on the spot. Then with an awful 
threat, I suddenly turned and left the place. 
I knew that for a time, at least, I was safe 
from her clutches, and blessed the night 
editor, by whose orders the revolver had 
been placed in my pocket. 

" What directly followed I do not know. 
An hour later I found myself in my rooms 
at The Hilsey ; I only knew that I had 
ruined Jennie's life and mine; that t had 
forfeited and lost the purest love that woman 
ever gave to man. 

"But no need to talk of this; you must 
understand it all. Why I did not kill the 
creature who led me astray I do not know ; 
neither can I tell why I did not take my 
own life in that awful spasm of horror and 
self-hate. But something kept me up. I sup- 
pose I had enough self-respect remaining to 
prevent further crime on my part. And 
then, as you know, I left New York and my 

"That was four years ago. I have not 
tried to forget, — in fact, I have loved to keep 
in mind those happy, trustful days, when all 
the world was Jennie and me, and nothing 
came between. 

"But, boys, that's not quite all. Have I 
seen her since ? Yes, she was at Kodick's 
yesterday. And I touched her hand and I 
looked into her eyes, and I think, yes, boys, 
I know, that she's never forgotten me. You 
think it is impossible. You say that my sin 
was too deep. But, ah, you don't know a 
woman's love in all its immeasurable power ! 

"And why do I leave? Why am I so 
ready to go out from the presence of my 
heart's desire ? Ah, boys," said Toiu, his 
strong face all aglow with his emotion, " as 
Jack knows, I am going back to my desk in 
the city; and when the first ray of spring 
sunlight woos from winter's icy clutch the 

tender buds, at the holy Easter-time, I 'm 
going back to the old Pine Vree State, and 
to — her." 

The Yell Question. 

NEVER, as long as the undergraduates of 
Bowdoin College have a reluctance to 
use the idiomatic words inseparably con- 
nected with her history, will they have a 
college yell worthy of the college. 

The Orient has been trying for over 
four years to induce some appropriate yell 
to appear above the horizon. 

The only yell thus appearing, rested its 
sonorous qualities and its appropriateness on 
words germane to college life and college 
atmosphere. Yet the half-formed Bowdoin 
boys objected to that yell because the word 
" Bugle " implied in some instances aii assess- 
ment and the fear of jags, and the word 
"Orient" a small body of editors. Such 
objections might well be regarded as dish- 
water, and about as acceptable to a healthy 

This fact should be recognized as stand- 
ing clear and distinct above the horizon : that 
Orient, Bugle, Brunswick, Bowdoin, are 
parts of a glorious whole, and as full of meat 
as a roast ox. 

IN ALMOST every issue of the Orient 
some enterprising individual has a plea of 
greater or less dimensions for some kind of a 
new organization. At one time it is a Press 
Club ; at another, a Snow-shoe Club, and so 
on, as various and numerous as the changes 
in the temperature of a Maine winter season. 
This is all very good and the writer no doubt 
is doing his fellow-students a service of no 
mean value. But the enthusiasm of these 
beneficent personages never seems to carry 
them beyond scribbling down their ideas and 



kindly passing the manuscript into the hands 
of the benign r residing genius of the college 
paper. As a general thing the movement 
ends after it has found its way into print, 
and the college is no better off than before, 
although the writer may feel rather more at 
ease from having freed his burdened mind of 
those troublesome ideas, the propagation of 
which seem to promise such advantage to 

But in reality this philanthropic indi- 
vidual has done only half his duty. If he is 
the chosen disciple for the expounding of the 
glad tidings of a newly-discovered thought, 
he ought to create himself the useful agent 
for the carrying out of what seems such a 
beneficial course. 

* * * * * 

No matter how necessary it is for a Bow- 
doin man to cut his recitation, a great fat 
and irrevocable zero goes down against his 
name. To be sure he has the privilege of 
making up the lesson, but the attendance 
rank is gone forever, unless perchance he 
remains away a week or is off on college 
business. In general Bowdoin students have 
little complaint to make of their treatment 
at the hands of the professors, but a little 
lee-way in the direction of attendance upon 
recitations would surely be received with 
good grace. 

The number of "cuts" allowed in some 
of the leading colleges is as follows : Yale, 
24 per year to Juniors and Seniors, to Sopho- 
mores and Freshmen, 18; Williams, 30; 
Dartmouth, 21. At Amherst and Wesleyan 
a student must be present at nine-tenths of 
the recitations. At Harvard, Ann Arbor, 
Cornell, and Johns Hopkins, the attendance 
is said to be optional. 

* * * * * 

The long winter term is a good time to 
get acquainted with your fellow-students. 
As a general rule there are very few purely 

social calls made by the students upon each 
other, except in the end where they room. 
To be sure there are times when we are hot 
at all anxious to receive, and don't feel the 
least bit social, especially after the caller 
has prolonged his stay into an afternoon or 
evening visit. Yet this happens only once 
in a while, and, in general, nothing is more 
pleasurable to the college man than a call 
from some of his friends. 

The Pessioptimist understands that the 
coming week will see the '94 Bugle placed 
in the printer's hands, and that ere many 
weeks shall have passed the college will be 
devouring its contents with those voracious 
appetites such as only a Bugle can awaken. 
The only wish the Pessioptimist has is that 
too many of those appetites will not be 
satisfied with looking over one book. It 
isn't exactly fair on the man who has to pay 
for it. Moreover, the Bugle is a college 
publication, and the very least that can be 
done toward its support is for every member 
of the institution to buy one. 

l^hgme <**?£ ^eagorp. 

The River. 

Flowing swiftly from the mountains, 
Rushing down its rocky way, 

Springing out of hill-side fountains, 
Rolls the river, night and day. 

Now its currents, boisterous, whirling, 
Now in peace, 'mid murmuring pines, 

Then through some dark passage swirling, 
Overhung by clinging vines. 

Always forward, hastening, rushing, 

Onward, onward to the sea, 
Over falls and rapids gushing, 

Ever mighty, ever free. 

Now the wheels of labor turning, 
Now the barques of trade it floats, 



And its woodland channel spurning, 
It is cleft by pleasure-boats. 

Mystic river, mighty river, 

What a tale your waves could tell, 
If the good and gracious Giver 

Should endow you with some spell ; 

Tales of bright and sunny dashes 
And of weird and gloomy shores, 

And the ghostly moonlight flashes 
O'er the barren, lonely moors. 

Would that you could tell such stories 
Of the sights upon your way, 

All the evils, all the glories, 
Ever changing, day by day. 

But your voice is not for speaking, 
Only murmurs, vague and low, 

And you do not, to our seeking, 
Tell us aught we wish to know. 

When Thou Art Near. 

When thou art near to me, day lingers long, 
And still gray twilight brings no shadow here, 
For fairy hours are crowned with joyous song 
When thou art near. 

O'er hills of toil the sun gleams bright and clear, 
The skies are fair, and all the gusty throng 
Of piercing winds, with voices lone and drear, 

Are hushed and still beneath thy scepter strong. 
So life grows sweet, and unawares, a dear 
And blessed peace steals o'er my heart erelong, 
When thou art near. 

My Guest. 

'A sorrow's crown of sorrow is remembering happier things." 

So sorrowful and wan, the face appears 

A deep, reflecting only sunless skies; 

And strands of midnight hair hang low o'er eyes 

Whose dusky depth seems wells of endless fears, 

The resting-place of care and haunting fears. 

Upon the pallid lips a trace there lies 

Of smiles long dead, that grief has turned to sighs, 

The hopeless longings for the vanished years. 

Out of the shadowy caverns of the past 
She glides, and seeks an entrance to my heart, 
Her presence dark'ning paths where sometimes 

Forgetfulness and peace, and gloom is cast 
O'er me, as sad I greet, while tear-drops start, 
The memory of a joy long fled away. 

Sanford B. Dole, now 
President of the Hawiian 
Islands under the new regime, is the 
son of a Bowdoin graduate, Daniel 
Dole, who entered Bowdoin in 1832 
and graduated in 1836, subsequently 
graduating from Bangor Theological Seminary, and 
going as a missionary to the Sandwich Islands. 

Dana, '94, is again at home on account of illness. 

Davis, '96, will not return to college until next 

Professor Lee delivered a lecture at Kennebunk, 
February 6th. 

Mitchell, '96, will be taken into A r at a special 
initiation, within a few weeks. 

The Junior A K E delegation had a group picture 
taken in Portland a few days ago. 

Pierce, '93, recently had his thumb put out of 
joint while sparring in the Gym. 

Kussell, '89, and Parcher, '92, are attending the 
Medical School. 

There is a rumor that the Bugle will appear this 
year before the end of the winter term. 

Perkins, '80, now County Attorney for York 
County, was in town last week. 

French and Haskell, '95, who have been out on 
account of sickness, have returned. 

Wiley, '95, is at home seriously ill, and Wood, 
'95, is also away ou account of sickness. 

Dennison, '95, is teaching at Naples and will not 
return to college until near the close of the term. 

A squad of foot-ball men, under the charge of 
Capt. Fairbanks, is taking daily practicein the Gym. 

Seventy-three have been admitted to the Medi- 
cal School up to this time, and others are coming 



Hereafter the captain of the ball team will be 
elected by the players immediately after the close 
of the season. 

Owing to the absence of Bliss, '94, Professor 
Woodruff officiated at the organ in church and 
chapel week before last. 

During the absence of Mr. Tolmau, President 
Hyde will take charge of the Sophomore and Pro- 
fessor Little of the Junior themes. 

Gibbs, '96, who will probably be one of Maine 
State College's representatives in this year's Tennis 
Tournament, visited the college last week. 

The Juniors had a photograph of the class taken 
last Thursday in front of the chapel. The picture 
will appear as frontispiece in the '94 Bugle. 

According to all accounts the Glee, Banjo, and 
Guitar Clubs, and their admirers that accompanied 
them, took the town of Preeport by storm last 

Notwithstanding the cold weather the launching 
of the Ammen Ram, Katahdin, at Bath, February 
4th, attracted an immense crowd from all parts of 
the State. About a hundred were present from the 

According to copy recently received by the 
Orient, Dana, '94, sings " first base" and Willard, 
'96, "second base" in the college quartette. The 
Orient would suggest that a capable short-stop 
be engaged immediately. 

The Junior Squad will drill in the Athletic Ex- 
hibition this year with broadswords instead of the 
customary single sticks. The other class drills will 
be as usual. Work on the pyramids, tumbling, etc., 
is steadily going on under the supervision of the 

'Ninety-four's base-ball team had their pictures 
taken recently for the Bugle. 

North Appleton boasts of quite an orchestra. 
A violin, several guitars and banjos, and a 'cello 
are included, and "Phi Chi" has been quite thor- 
oughly mastered. 

One of the professors in the midst of an earnest 
talk last week pushed his desk, heavily laden with 
books, off the platform. The expression of the 
learned man's face changed so suddenly from the 
sublime to the ridiculous that the class nearly went 
into fits with laughter. 

A Bowdoin College Orchestra has recently been 
organized by Ingraham. It is made up as follows : 
Ingraham and Crawford, first violins; Barker and 

Knowlton, second violins; Clifford, first cornet; 
Morelen, second cornet; Pierce, '93, flute; French, 
'95, bass viol; Andrews, '94, pianist. 

A prominent member of the Glee Club, in a fit 
of absent-mindedness, shined his boots with stove 
polish preparatory to going to Freeport, last week. 
A flue leaden lustre resulted. Upon discovering 
his mistake his howls of rage echoed through the 
end and broke the stillness of the Orient sanctum. 

The Junior election was held February 8th, and 
resulted as follows : President, Dana; Vice-Presi- 
dent, Flagg ; Secretary and Treasurer, Baxter. 
Ivy-Day Officers— Chaplain, Ogilvie; Poet, An- 
drews; Orator, Moore; Curator, Sheaff; Odist, 
Simpson; Marshal, Stevens; Committee of Arrange- 
ments, Thompson, W. Thomas, Sykes. 

Last Sunday, in Chapel, President Hyde spoke 
at some length on the present moral tone of the 
college. On the whole he thinks a decided improve- 
ment has been made during the last few years. 
Mention was also made of a change in the plans of 
the new Scientific Building, making it even larger 
and more convenient than before. 

Last Friday, Lieutenant Peary, of Arctic fame, 
Bowdoin, '77, delivered two lectures in Portland 
before immense audiences. Many of the professors 
and students improved the opportunity to hear the 
man who has done Bowdoin's name such honor, 
both as a government officer and as an explorer. 
It is understood that an attempt is being made to 
secure Lieutenant Peary for a lecture in Brunswick. 

The Freshman Class election was held Saturday 
and resulted as follows: President, Gilpatrick; 
Vice-President, Foster; Secretary and Treasurer, 
Clough; Toast-master, Fessenden ; Opening Ad- 
dress, Newbegin; Poet, Owen; History, Dana; 
Oration, Willard ; Prophecy, Haskell ; Committee 
of Arrangements, Swan, Libby, Robinson; Com- 
mittee on Odes, French, Baker, Plumstead. 

The subjects for the third themes of the term 
are as follows: Juniors: 1 — Should the United 
States Annex the Sandwich Islands? 2 — What 
Improvements Can be Made in the Bugle f 3 — 
The Influence of Phillips Brooks. Sophomores : 
1— The Political Career of James G. Blaine. 2 — 
The Advantages of Secret Societies. 3 — Tennyson's 
"Locksley Hall." 

The concerts recently given by the College Quar- 
tette, assisted by a reader, in Strong, Temple, and 
New Vineyard, proved that the quartette is capable 
of good work. Large audiences were present, and 



all the numbers were very favorably received. 
Last Wednesday evening the Glee Club, assisted 
by the Banjo and Guitar Club, gave a concert at 
Freeport which attracted a good audience. Several 
from the college were present. February 15th the 
clubs will play at Saco. 

Dr. I. T. Dana, of Portland, delivered the 
lecture at the opening of the Medical School, Feb- 
ruary 2d. The large audience completely filled 
Lower Memorial, and was rewarded by a scholarly 
and interesting paper on the essential characteristics 
of a good physician. Dr. Mitchell introduced the 
speaker, who had the closest attention of the 
audience throughout his address. Nearly all 
the Faculty of the college and Medical School were 

The Senior class election was held February 
1st, and resulted as follows : President, C. H. Sav- 
age ; Vice-President, H. A. Owen ; Secretary and 
Treasurer, F. R. Arnold ; Orator, H. C. Fabyan ; 
Poet, C. W. Peabody; Historian, B. D. Barker; 
Prophet, M. S. Clifford ; Toast-master, S. 0. Bald- 
win ; Opening Address, F. M. Shaw ; Closing Ad- 
dress, A. S. Haggett; Chaplain, C. H. Howard; 
Marshal, E. H. Carleton ; Odist, G. S. Chapin; 
Statistician, A. M. Jones ; Committee, J. S. May, 
A. K. Jenks, J. W. Lambert. 

It seems to be tacitly agreed that nothing shall 
be done, as a college, in boating this year, owing 
largely to the great expense and the difficulty in 
making satisfactory arrangements for races. There 
will, doubtless, be class races as usual, however, 
and these may suffice to keep up the boating spirit 
sufficiently to secure a crew for 1894. But if, as 
now seems likely, boating is to be permanently 
dropped from our list of sports, it would seem to be 
a wise plan to dispose of the shells as soon as 

Greatly to the satisfaction of a large majority 
of the college it has been decided to apply for ad- 
mission to the New England Intercollegiate Athletic 
Association, where annual Field-Day contests are 
held at Springfield, Mass., during the spring term. 
Our own Field Day has been steadily degenerating 
until year before last, when the climax was reached, 
some of the records being simply ridiculous. With 
proper training it seems probable that a good team 
can be picked to represent the college. A careful 
canvass shows that at least thirty men are ready to 
go into active training at once, and this number 
includes nearly all the promising men in college. 

Just as we go to press the news reaches us that 
Bowdoin has been admitted to the New England 
Intercollegiate Athletic Association, by a unanimous 
vote of the delegates present at the meeting. The 
following are the officers for 1893: President, F. W. 
Beekman, of Amherst ; Vice-Presidents, L. B. 
Bacon, of Williams, and H. A. Boss, of Bowdoin; 
Secretary, Harvard Grenlie, of Trinity; Treasurer, 
W. T. Dorrance, of Brown. Also an Executive 
Committee of nine members, one from each of the 
nine colleges: Amherst, Dartmouth, Williams. 
Brown, Worcester Polytechnic, University of Ver- 
mont, Trinity, and Wesleyan. The running broad 
and standing broad jumps and the tug-of-war were 
stricken from the list of competitions. The matter 
of selecting a place for this year's games was left 
to a committee. The championship is awarded to 
the college which scores the greatest number of 
points, first place counting five, second counting 
three, and third one point. As most of our men 
are unused to such competitions, the management 
expects to enter several of the most promising ones 
in the Harvard handicap contests iu May. Prior 
to this it is hoped that an indoor meet can be 
arranged to come off in the gymnasium some Satur- 
day or Wednesday afternoon, during the last of the 
term. These meets are common in nearly every 
college, and naturally are productive of great 

Doubtless all of us began the year by making 
good resolutions. As the first half of the college 
term is now a thing of the past, and we are 
just entering upon the last half of the term, it is 
a good time to examine ourselves and see if 
these resolutions have been kept, and if we are 
really better off and have done more good on 
account of making them. 

The making of good resolutions has advantages, 
but it also has its dangerous phase. To make a 
resolve is one thing, to keep it is quite another. 
They are usually made amid pleasant surroundings 
and under the most favorable influences. With no 
danger iu sight and no temptation near it is easy 
to resolve, but the test comes later on. To make 
them is a sort of wholesale process, but the keeping 
of them must be in a retail way. If we keep them 
we shall be stronger at the close of '93; if we do 
not, we shall be weaker. Nor can we hope to win 



in the struggle before us if we rely upon our own 
strength. If that had been found sufficient there 
would be no need for resolutions. If we find we 
have failed in many things, as all of us doubtless 
have, let us read the sixth chapter of Ephesians, 
and let there be a true consecration of the whole 
man, all our powers, our possessions— our all, and 
then we shall have the right spirit and the power 
to keep our resolutions. 

How to Enjoy the Prayer-Meeting. 

Attend regularly and punctually. 

Study the subject in advance. 

Come expecting a blessing. 

Bring a friend with you. 

Be one of the first to take part. 

Join heartily in the singing. 

Don't think about that engagement to-morrow. 

Listen always like hearing a will — to see how 
much there is for you. 

Finally, if you did enjoy the meeting, say so ; 
see its good points and speak of them, so will you see 
more and more to approve add enjoy increasingly. 

— Ex. 

'20. — The followiug note, in clear, 
legible hand, from Bowdoin's oldest 
living graduate, was read at the Boston 
alumni dinner, last month : 

Bolton, January 17, 1893. 
Dear Sir:— It would give me great pleasure to meet 
once more my younger brothers— sons of Bowdoin. But I 
am sorry to feel obliged to decline the invitation. It may 
be that at some future time I can be with them, although 
I can hardly hope lor the privilege. So again I hail them, 
and bid them my farewell. 

Respectfully yours, Thomas T. Stone. 

'25. — Last week, at Augusta, Hon. James W. 
Bradbury spoke on the death of Blaine. Speeches 
were also made by Hon. Orville D. Baker, '68 ; Hon. 
Herbert M. Heath, 72; Carrol W. Morrill, Esq., 77; 
Thomas C. Spillane, Esq., '90. The difference of 
sixty-six years, between the ages of the first and 

last speakers, Hon. J. W. Bradbury and T. C. Spil- 
lane, Esq., is not unworthy of notice. 

'55. — The Boston Home Journal pays its respects 
to Judge William L. Putnam in the following appreci- 
ative manner: "Last week saw the beginning and 
the end in the Potter cause celebre, and the public 
have taken great satisfaction in watching the course 
of Judge Putnam during the trial. His native 
strength and dignity of character shine, by con- 
trast, with some of the proceedings we have recently 
seen in the United States courts in Boston. With 
one hand he checked the improper and unprofes- 
sional questions of the district attorney, and with 
the other he restrains the defence from causing 
vexatious delays by the use of transparent subter- 
fuges. The appointment of Judge Putnam by 
President Harrison was acknowledged to be one of 
the best of even President Harrison's judicial ap- 
pointments, and the record made by the judge in 
his present position has only strengthened this 

'61.— Judge L. A. Emery, Professor of Medical 
Jurisprudence in the Medical School of Maine, has 
been elected the legal member of the Permanent 
Commission of the American Medico-Legal Society. 
The commission has only two members, one legal 
and one medical, the latter being Professor Victor 
C. Vaughan of Ann Arbor, Mich. Judge Emery 
has also been invited to read a paper at the Inter- 
national Medico-Legal Congress in Chicago next 

70.— William E. Spear, the Boston lawyer, who 
was appointed United States Commissioner to fill 
the vacancy caused by the death of H. L. Hallett, 
was recently qualified for his new office before 
Justice Putnam, of the class of '55, in the Circuit 

71.— On February 10th, Augustine Simmons, of 
North Anson, was admitted to practice in the 
United States courts. 

76.— Franklin C. Payson, Esq., of Portland, has 
recently formed a law partnership with H. R. Vir- 
gin, Esq., and H. M. Davis, Esq. Mr. Payson is 
President of the Portland Athletic Club, which, 
though but recently organized, has a membership 
of nearly five hundred of Portland's most influen- 
tial men. Among its members are several Bowdoin 

77. — Lieut. Robert E. Peary is meeting with 
great success in his lecturing tour. His lectures in 
Portland last week, as well as his famous team of 
Esquimaux dogs, with their driver from the far 



north, proved interesting and attractive to his 
large audiences. The college faculty has invited 
him to lecture in Brunswick, hut it is doubtful 
whether he can arrange to do so. 

The proceeds from his lectures are for another 
Arctic expedition, which he is planning to undertake. 

'87. — Mr. E. C. Plummer, of Bath, has great suc- 
cess in securing models of all kinds of vessels for 
the World's Fair, and is to superintend the collection 
in the Portland district. This is one of the most 
important districts in the State, containing the 
yards at Kennebunkport, where many of the famous 
old-timers were put up. Mr. Plummer expects to 
make this exhibit one of the most interesting of 
any Maine product, as it is one of the most impor- 
tant. It has been a very difficult thing to unearth 
many of these old, musty, worm-eaten articles 
stowed away in lumber sheds, with the present own- 
ers ignorant of their value. 

'89. — Mervyn Ap Rice, who was recently ad- 
mitted to the Knox County Bar, was last week nomi- 
nated for mayor of Rockland by the Democrats of 
that city. 

'89.— Albert E. Neal has formed a law partner- 
ship with L. H. Dyer, Esq., of Portland. 

'92.— L. K. Lee has just closed a very successful 
term at White Rock, Maine, where he has been 
teaching this winter. An exhibition by the school 
was given Thursday evening, consisting of a varied 
programme of dialogue, farce, and music, which was 
highly complimented by the local press. Mr. Lee 
will return in the spring to his position of principal 
of Corinna Union Academy. 

Book I^eview§. 

(Eichendorf's Aus dem Leben eines Taugenichts 
has recently been added to D. C. Heath & Co.'s 
excellent Modern Language series, edited, with 
introduction and notes, by Professor Carl Osthaus, 
of Indiana University.) 

This little book of 130 pp. seems well adapted 
to the purpose which led to its appearance in the 
series— to afford easy, light, and interesting narra- 
tive for use in college or high school, after the 
leading principles of the grammar shall have been 

Eichendorf's best and most widely-known pro- 
ductions are lyrical ; in fact, nearly all of his prose 
writings, novels, dramas, and works on literature 
suffer from certain defects resulting from his poetic 

turn of mind. From these defects, however, his 
Taugenichts is free, and presents to the reader in 
graceful and well-written prose the experiences of 
a young German who, having been driven from 
home by his father for laziness, manages to make 
his way to and from Italy, meeting with a variety 
of adventures en route, and, good for nothing though 
he really is, appears to come out all right at the end 
of the story. Successful, from one point of view, as 
the " dolce far mente" mode of life seems to be in 
his case, still young readers will hardly be tempted 
by reading this book to emulate his example. 

(Webster's Select Speeches. Edited by A. J. 
George. Boston: D. C. Heath & Co. Price $1.50.) 
The author has brought together in this volume a 
few of Webster's best speeches. It is his object to 
put these in a convenient form for school use. He 
has varied his selections by taking each one from a 
different field of the orator's genius. The edition 
includes the well-known "Reply to Hayne," "The 
Murder of Captain White," " The Bunker Hill Mon- 
ument," and others. The notes explain the purpose 
and attendant circumstances of each. Neatly bound 
in cloth. 

Andersen's Mdrchen. Selected and edited, with 
notes and vocabulary, by Professor 0. B. Super. 
D. C. Heath & Co. Price 90 cents.) This book is 
adapted for first reading, or for sight reading by 
those more advanced. The selections deal with 
matters of every-day life and are well suited in 
interest and vocabulary to conversation in class. 

(Loti's Peclieur d'Islande. Edited by Morich. 
D. C. Heath & Co. Price 30 cents. Paper bound. 

The receipts of the Athletic Association, at Har- 
vard, last year, were $12,115.16; the expenses, 

Connecticut has more college students in pro- 
portion to her population, than any other State in 
the Union. 



Ninety-five universities and colleges are repre- 
sented by their respective graduates in Yale. 

Lafayette, Steveus, Rutgers, and Lehigh, are to 
form a foot-ball league. 


The critics scorned to criticise, 
The editors to analyze, 
The poems I was wont to write ; 

And friends themselves showed no surprise 
That men could be so impolite. 

One man there was, however, who 
Possessed a most exalted view 

Of all I ever wrote or said, 
Of all the men I ever knew, 
He, only, had a level head. 

He was a man intelligent, 

Who from a better land was sent, 

A poet of a high degree 
Of fancy and of sentiment, 
A perfect genius, namely, Me. 

— Harvard Lampoon. 

That pipes have become very popular at Amherst 

is evinced by the fact that but sixteen out of one 

hundred and thirty-four men in the Freshman class 

are addicted to the cigarette habit. 

At Princeton no student will be allowed to bring 
a watch into the rooms at the coming examinations. 
Princeton College authorities have caused the 
arrest of two Freshmen on the charge of larceny — 
stealing sign-boards. The action of the grand jury 
is beiug awaited. 

Cornell University celebrates its twenty-fifth an- 
niversary next October. 

Each tone has a different color, 'tis said; 
A horn's tone, for instance, is " blew; " 
And all tones, when played by musicians, are 
But Yell-oh ! 's the Glee Club tone's hue. 


Forty-five men are training for the Dartmouth 
athletic team. 

There are forty-three candidates for the Cornell 

The University of Pennsylvania crew will use a 
tank this year. 

The fund started about six weeks ago for a 
quarter of a million dollars, in the hope of incorpo- 
rating the " Annex " as a department of Harvard 
University, has reached nearly $63,000. 

The late Judge L. Q. C. Lamar received the de- 
gree of L.L.D. at Harvard, on the celebration of 
the two-hundred and fiftieth anniversary. 

President Harper, of Chicago University, pro- 

poses to locate the great Terkes telescope at Lake 
Forest, a suburb of Chicago, provided the trustees 
of Lake Forest University will make that institu- 
tion a department of Chicago University. 

More than one- third of the students at Williams 
College are from New York. 

President Patton of Princeton, who has been 
absent about a year, will resume his regular duties 


" The professor's just steeped in learning," 

'Twas the Boston maid thus spoke. 
"Yes," answered the bright Junior, smiling, 
"He's a regular old soak." — Brunonian. 

It is said that women comprise 55 per cent, of 
the undergraduates of the country. 

Of the three hundred and twenty-two members 
of the House of Representatives, one hundred and 
six are college graduates. 

Instead of writing a short essay each week, the 
Sophomore class in English at Wesleyan will here- 
after be required to write a short novel, to be 
handed in at the mid-year examination. 

Professor A. S. Hardy, of Dartmouth, the dis- 
tinguished novelist and mathematician, has obtained 
leave of absence and will succeed Howells as editor 
of the Cosmopolitan. 

Thirteen universities have been suppressed by 
the Italian government. There still remain, how- 
ever, the old foundations of Padua, Bologna, Pavia, 
Pisa, and Rome; Naples, Genoa, and Palermo are 


No rose, I swear, 

E'er bloomed so fair 
As this one in the north wind bleak. 

Your open eyes 

Denote surprise, — 
The rose is on my lady's cheek. 

When snowflakes press 

Their chill caress, 
Its petals daintier shades will take; 

Perhaps if I 

The same should try 
I could yet fairer colors make. — Unit. 

A Southern Athletic Association has been formed 
by most of the leading colleges of the South. 

The managers of the "Yale Commons" eating 
club, founded last year, make a report showing 
that about five hundred students were provided for 
at the average cost of $3.96 per week. 

Vice-President-elect Stevenson is a graduate of 
Centre College of Kentucky. This college has 



graduated two vice-presidents, fourteen U. S. rep- 
resentatives, six U. S. senators, six governors of 
States, and one justice of the Supreme Court in the 
past fifty years. 

Some professors at Evanston recently attended 
a dancing party. A committee from a mass meet- 
ing of the students will demand an explanation. 

Although Chicago University has had millions 
donated for specific purposes, she is at present in 
need of money to pay running expenses. 

Professor Tucker, of Andover, has finally ac- 
cepted the presidency of Dartmouth. 

Harvard alumni intend to raise the sum of 
$300,000 for the erection and endowment of a 
building to be called the Phillips Brooks Home, and 
also to establish a fund for the voluntary services 
in Appleton Chapel. Professors Peabody, Paine, 
and Palmer will act as trustees of the fund. 

The number of students at the University of 
Michigan has doubled since 1884. 

Princeton Glee, Banjo, and Guitar Club made 
over $1,200 on their recent trip. 

Casper Whitney says, in Harper's Weekly, that 
Cornell is the leading college in aquatics in the 

The Law Department of the University of Mich- 
igan supports over twenty mock courts, besides a 
Supreme Court and a United States Senate. 

We have just marked down a very choice lot of Neckwear 
that we have been selling for 50 Cents to 


This is a special lot and it cannot be duplicated for the money in 
Portland. The patterns are particularly pretty. 

The Atkinson 49c. Shirt. The Farrington 47c. Shirt. 

Outing Shirts, 25 Cents. 

Men's Underwear, 25c. Summer Shirts in Colors. 

Great Variety in 

Men's and Boys' Clothing and Furnishings 

At the Very Lowest Prices. 

The Atkinson Company 

Middle, Pearl, and Vine Streets, 


Isaac C. Atkinson, General Manager. 



Basement Snow's Block, Main Street. 


565 Congress St., - PORTLAND, ME. 






%ST II II WW 4H I'KIZES. 2 of SIO© each; 4 of S5<» ; 13 of S25 ; :tO of SIO. 

jni I ■_ I'ocms not to exceed 31 luvni-int,' * ww.Ik Omiiictil..™ i<> mint 

Wl QL# ^# Vl «■ tfl.OO and receive a KrofM of tile new " I'oet.'B" 1'en and a combination Rllb- 
beFPenliolder. Write name and address on Henarale riiect. Sen.l poema before Jan. 1,'9«. A. wards made by 
competent judges soon after. Circulars. The Ester oroob Steel Pen Co., 86 John St., N. X. 


Vol. XXII. 


No. 15. 





C. W. Peaeodt, '93, Managing Editor. 

H. C. Fabtan, '93, Assistant Managing Editor. 

B. L. Bryant, '95, Business Manager. 

W. P. Chamberlain, '93. F. M. Shaw, '93. 

M. S. Clifford, '93. H. E. Andrews, '94. 

R. R. Goodell, '93. F. J. Libey, '94. 

F. W. Pickard, '94. 


Per annum, in advance, $2.00. 

Single Copies, 15 Cents.. 

Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Manager. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Manager. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
lie wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Rhyme and Reason Department should be 
sent to Box 1100, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should be sent to Box i, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post-Office at Brunswick as SecoDd-ClassJlail Mailer. 


Vol. XXII., No. 15.— March 1, 1893. 

Editorial Notes, 239 

The Yell Still in the Air, 241 

The "Washington Alumni Annual Dinner, . . . 241 

A Strange Sorrow, 243 

Extract from a Paper by Llewellyn Deane, Esq., 244 

To the " Tell " Correspondent 245 

How Far Does Rank at College Indicate Ability ? 246 

A Sketch 247 

The Pessioptimist, 249 

Rhyme and Reason: 

No Test for Bravery, 249 

Do Nothing Rashly, 250 

The Pace, 250 

Finite Versus Infinite, 250 

Beyond, 250 

Collegii Tabula, 250 

Y. M. C. A ^ ... 252 

Personal, 252 

Book Reviews, 253 

College World, 253 

Our whilom yell correspondent favors 
us with another communication in regard 
to the " Orient-Bugle-Brunswick-Bowdoin" 
yell. This time he indulges in a complete 
expose of editorial ignorance and pretension, 
not without some hope, evidently, of stirring 
up our wrath. But be calm, O editorial ink- 
pot, be calm ! Notwithstanding the weighty 
objections urged against our criticism, we . 
must confess that we still experience the 
same difficulty with the above yell that we 
remember of when we once tried to tell the 
school committee man that " the bold, bad 
boys broke bolts and bars." Though it may be 
mere prejudice, we still have a preference for 
yells that can be yelled with the mouth open. 

TF PROPHECIES were in order we might 
*■ predict that one of the next forward steps 
made by the students of Bowdoin would be 
the establishment of a literary monthly mag- 
azine. Nearly all of the leading colleges, 
especially in New England, now publish suc- 
cessful " Lits." Where these have been 
developed from the old bi-weeklies the result 
has been a division of the two departments, 
to the great improvement of each ; making 
a monthly magazine devoted chiefly to lit- 
erary work, but usually with an alumni 
department and a weekly paper devoted to 
local news and college items in general. 



Of course two queries occur to the reader 
immediately; first, whether it is possible to 
find financial support for a literary mag- 
azine ; second, whether literary work of 
sufficient merit can be obtained. In regard 
to the first query we will say that though it 
may not be the general rule, we know of 
cases where the literary monthly pays better 
than the weekly. It seems as if with an 
enterprising management and a first-class 
alumni department to assist in increasing 
the subscription list, a literary magazine 
could easily be made to pay expenses. As 
regards literary work we think that the 
Orient has succeeded in bringing out a few 
very creditable articles this year, and by no 
means have all of the good writers in college 
been heard from. Given men as good as 
there are at Bowdoin to-day and the experi- 
ence which a few years of literary work 
would afford, there is no doubt but we could 
issue a literary magazine that would rank 
among those published by the other colleges 
of our class. 

WE ARE indebted to Llewellyn Ueane, 
Esq., for the report of the Washing- 
ton alumni meeting and other favors. 

IT IS understood that arrangements are 
being made for a thorough advertising of 
the Athletic Exhibition in Portland. We 
cannot repeat too often that a free use of 
money for this purpose will be amply re- 
warded. Special attention should be paid 
to the newspapers. It is not wise to slight any 
of them as was done last year. Do not forget 
the Sunday papers. Many details are thought 
of when it is too late. One item which we 
do not think was sufficiently emphasized in 
the Portland advertising last year was the 
number of performers. The large num- 
ber actually appearing was commented on 
with some surprise at the time. 

BOWDOIN has always had among her 
sons in Washington, men who have 
stood with the nation's leaders. With the 
Chief Justice of the United States, the most 
prominent man in the Senate, the most 
prominent man in the House of Representa- 
tives, and many other honorable names, she 
lacks to-day not a whit of her former glory. Is 
there a small college in the country which 
can boast of a Washington alumni associa- 
tion more creditable to her fame, or one that 
takes a more active interest in the welfare of 
its Alma Mater? 

TITHE management of the Athletic Associa- 
*■ tion complains of a lack of faithfulness 
in training on the part of many who are to 
take part in the exhibition this month. Its 
desire to excite more interest in the event 
among the students, and hence to insure a 
more successful exhibition, is most reason- 
able and should be seconded by all who have 
at heart the interest of the college and her 
reputation in the line of athletic exhibitions. 
When the exhibit is repeated in Portland 
and Bath, as it will be this year, every Bow- 
doin man will be interested to have it a 
success, sustaining if not increasing the repu- 
tation of the college. Now the only sure 
way of doing this is for every man who 
desires to take part to train honestly and reg- 
ularly during the short time which remains 
before the exhibition ; and for all those who 
are not to participate to encourage and not 
discourage those who are. We have excel- 
lent material in college this year, and there 
is no reason why this winter's exhibition 
should not be first-class in every respect. 

WE PUBLISH in another column a some- 
what pithy reply from an anonymous 
correspondent to the article on the yell ques- 
tion which appeared in our last number. 
He suggests a yell which, if not the best 



possible, seems to fit the situation fairly well 
and is certainly worthy of consideration. At 
present the yell question is par excellence the 
question of the day. 

TT HAS been the custom for the Athletic 
*■ Association to give a hop each year at the 
close of the exhibition here in the town hall. 
Of course its object has been to increase the 
proceeds of the exhibition and at the same 
time to furnish entertainment for those vis- 
itors who are compelled to wait for the mid- 
night train. For the past two or three years, 
however, the students have been gradually 
" throwing cold water " upon this agreeable 
custom by rushing on to the floor without 
purchasing dance tickets. Last year this 
was carried to such an extent that a sufficient 
amount of money was not realized from the 
hop to pay for the extra music necessary. 
It is obvious that unless a change is made 
the regular hop will soon have to be discon- 
tinued altogether. If this pleasing feature 
is to be continued, let the students assist the 
management by making the small additional 
payment required of those who participate. 
A word to the wise should be sufficient. 

The Yell Still in the Air. 

TITHE editorial criticisms, in the last Oei- 
■»■ ent, of the only yell that has cracked its 
shell after four j'ears of incubation, are an 
advance over the previous objections, which 
were never urged in print and would have 
defeated themselves had they appeared in 
tangible form. 

These criticisms are in a certain sense 
very delicious. There is an air of scientific 
profundity worthy of the embriotic building 
soon to appear on the campus, and only 
equaled by the literary skill of tetering up 
on " the carrying power of the yell " and 
down on "the strength put into it." 

Do the editors propose to put themselves 

on record as implying that lingual or guttural 
letters are preferable to labials in calls de- 
signed to be heard afar or effectually? Do 
they ignore the fact that B is one of the 
most robust consonants in the alphabet? 
And when it comes to labial vowel sounds, 
do they claim that " Baa " will be heard 
further than "Bo"? The universal reach- 
ing hail is, Ho ! 

The Washington Alumni Annual 

Washington, February 15. 
TV7AY down in Maine, in the town of 
■" Brunswick, there is a famous old col- 
lege by the name of Bowdoin that has turned 
out some of the brightest and ablest public 
men from that part of the world. The col- 
lege has never been a large one, and the 
graduating classes do not average much 
above half a hundred, but the men when 
they leave show the results of close personal 
contact with their instructors in a polish and 
thoroughness as well as in an intense love 
and loyalty to their Alma Mater. When they 
get together to sing of the days gone by they 
do it with a vim and enthusiasm that makes 
them all boys again for the night. 

The Bowdoin Alumni Association of 
Washington is one of the most active and 
successful of all the graduate societies here, 
and numbers among its members many men 
who are well known in official, scientific, and 
business circles. Last night was Bowdoin 
night and was marked with a handsome 
banquet at the Cochran. Notwithstanding 
the fact that it came late in the season of 
alumni dinners it was one of the pleasantest 
of all this winter, and even the fact that it 
was run on good Maine prohibition principles 
could not dampen the ardor of the sons of 
Bowdoin or chill their enthusiasm. From 
the oldest member of the association down 
to the most recent graduate from the college, 



all were boys together last night, and it was 
not until a late hour that they thought of 
getting tired of singing college songs and 
talking over together the pleasures, the hopes 
and fears of the good old days spent at col- 
lege at Brunswick. 

Prior to the more important event of the 
evening a business meeting of the association 
was held in one of the large parlors-. Officers 
for the ensuing year were elected as follows : 
President, Mr. Chief Justice Melville W. 
Fuller, '53 ; Vice-Presidents, Senator William 
P. Frye, '50, and Llewellyn Deane, '49 ; 
Treasurer, Stephen D. Fessenden, '79 ; Corre- 
sponding Secretary, Prof. J. W. Chickering, 
'52 ; Recording Secretary, James C. Strout, 
'57 ; Executive Committee, Gen. Ellis Spear, 
'58; J. W. Whitney, '64; W. H. Owen, '51; 
H. L. Prince, '62 ; F. E. Dennett, '90, with 
the secretary and treasurer ex officio. 

Dinner was served in the big banquet 
room of the Cochran, and covers were spread 
for upward of forty guests. The evening 
was begun with a benediction pronounced 
by Rev. Dr. E. Whittlesey, formerly a pro- 
fessor at Bowdoin. Chief Justice Fuller, 
the president of the association, presided, and 
when the time for cigars and oratoiy had 
arrived he introduced Mr. Llewellyn Deane 
as the toast-master of the evening. Letters 
were read from President Gallaudett of the 
National Deaf Mute College, President Well- 
ing of the Columbian University, President 
Rankin of Howard University, President 
Hyde and Professor Little of Bowdoin. It 
was announced that the preliminary decision 
in the Merritt will matter in the San Fran- 
cisco court was decidedly in favor of the 

Happy and appropriate speeches were 
made by Senator Frye, Governor Dingley, 
Dr. Whittlesey, William P. Drew of Phila- 
delphia, Hon. I. N. Evans (Medical, 1851), 
formerly a representative in Congress, Wood- 
bury Pulsifer, James McKeen of New York, 

President of the Alumni Association, S. I. 
Kimball, H. L. Piper, E. F. Conant, F. D. 
Sewall, J. B. Cotton, and others. 

Those present were Chief Justice Fuller, 
Rev. E. Whittlesey, D.D., Governor Dingley, 
Winthrop Tappan, Col. W. H. Owen, William 
P. Drew of Philadelphia, Dr. D. L. Wolhaup- 
ter, Assistant Attorney-General John B. Cot- 
ton, Woodbury Pulsifer, Charles H. Verrill, 
Edgar F. Conant, Frank E. Dennett, Freder- 
ick D. Sewall, George A. Fairfield, Llewellyn 
Deane, Senator William P. Frye, John W. 
Butterfield, Rev. Frank Sewall, Charles Ches- 
ley, Prof. John W. Chickering, Sumner I. 
Kimball, Samuel S. Gardener, James C. 
Strout, Ellis Spear, Horace L. Piper, Joseph 
N. Whitney, Stanley Plummer, Stephen D. 
Fessenden, Dr. I. N. Evans of Hatboro, Pa., 
and James McKeen of New York City. 

One of the letters read at the Washing- 
ton dinner was the following from President 
Rankin : 

^ Howard University, 
\ Washington, D. C, February 14, 1893. 
L. Deane, Esq. 

My Very Bear Friend:— 1 did purpose to accept 
your kind invitation to be at the dinner of the Sons 
of Bowdoin to-night. There is none of our New- 
England colleges that I honor more than your 
Alma Mater. There have been among her gradu- 
ates an unusual number of men of the truest genius — 
notably in that class of 1825, in which were the 
household poet Longfellow, the magician Haw- 
thorne, and the Elijah of the anti-slavery reform, 
Rev. Dr. George B. Cheever, — a cluster sufficient in 
itself to kindle any college firmament to glory! 
I know, too, what Bowdoin has done in the public 
halls of the nation and in the very highest place of 
the nation; for, strangely enough, this same class 
of 1825 had also three men who became members 
of Congress and another who was in the United 
States Senate ; not to speak of Franklin Pierce of 
1824, who once sat where Benjamin Harrison now 
sits, and in the chair on which already falls the 
shadow of that coming event— Grover Cleveland, 
the man of destiny ! 

"I say, I purposed to come, to show my love for 
New England and New England men, and my 
appreciation of your courtesy. But my pressing 



duties prevent me at the last moment, and I 
send this instead of occupying the chair kindly 
allotted me. Very truly, 

J. E. Rankin. 

A Strange Sorrow. 

T ONG years ago, there dwelt in one of 
*-* New England's most thriving villages a 
family whose ancestors were of the stern 
Puritan stock, who came to this country in 
order that they might worship God as they 
chose. This family lived in one of those old- 
fashioned houses that form so interesting a 
feature of America's older towns, houses 
which were probably built after the plan of 
those in the Mother Country from which the 
Pilgrims came. 

The sun, which was slowly sinking be- 
hind the hills in the west, east its last rays 
through a latticed window, full upon the 
beautiful face of a young girl; a face in 
which that purity, innocence and intelligence 
were blended, which tells one so plainly of 
the grand character and noble thoughts 
within. She lay on a bed of snowy white- 
ness and her pallid cheeks were nearly of the 
same color as the soft pillow under her head. 
Her pulse and breathing, which were scared}' 
perceptible, told her father all too plainly 
that his daughter was dying. His face and 
head resembled very much the one on the 
pillow, except those gray hairs and deep fur- 
rowed lines, which told that the physician 
had grown old in the practice of his profes- 
sion, while the head on the pillow showed 
the loveliness and freshness of youth, for the 
young girl had been sick only a short time, 
and the ravages of disease had failed to leave 
that terrible deathly look which follows a 
long illness. The aged doctor bent nearer 
the white face on the pillow. The girl 
gasped once, and all was over. Her white and 
spotless soul had gone up with the waiting 
angel to the arms of her Master, just as the 
sun sank behind the hill in the west. Her 

life had been one full of innocence and 
purity. Providence seems to take such souls 
from among us first. Should we ask why is 
it so? It would be of no avail if we did; no 
one could answer us. If God in his infinite 
wisdom sees fit to take such from our midst, 
we must be reconciled, for He knows best 
what is for our own good. 

The father knelt beside the bed and wept 
like a child. He remained thus for a long 
time, his face covered with his hands. Near 
the bed on the opposite side stood a young 
man, who had just entered into the flush and 
strength of manhood. He held the hand of 
the young girl, as she was dying, and at that 
last gasp, he turned away his white and set 
face with a great sob of grief, which shook 
his whole frame. He walked from the room 
as if dazed, and left the aged father alone in 
his grief. Gerald Fielden was gifted with 
those finer feelings and tastes rarely seen in 
a man of his age. He and the young girl 
who had just died, were lovers and were to 
have been married in a month. The girl was 
an only child and had only her father left in 
the world, her mother having died when she 
was but five years old. Gerald went from 
the house to his own home, an elegant man- 
sion, a short distance from the one he had 
just left, proceeded to his own room, locked 
himself in and then threw himself on his bed, 
sobbing with those hard, dry sobs character- 
istic of a strong man in grief. 

Gerald was rich, talented, pleasant, and 
withal a fine young fellow, and had planned 
with his betrothed a life full of happiness 
and one which should do great good in the 
world, and it had been cut short by the death 
of her he loved with his whole heart. It 
was too hard; it seemed almost too hard to 
bear. He lived with his parents for two years 
after the death of his loved one, a sorrowful, 
morose man, never going into society and 
living in a world of books, brooding over his 
sorrow. At the end of that time he caught 



the gold fever and decided to go West and 
rough it, in order that he might forget his 
sorrow. He went to San Francisco and noth- 
ingjwas heard from him for years. He was 
living during this time the rough and dan- 
gerous life of a gold-digger, and seemed to be 
a reserved, melancholy man, never talking 
unless ashed some question. His com- 
panions would sometimes get him to talk by 
asking him some question on an important 
subject, which, as he was well educated, he 
could generally answer. He was fairly suc- 
cessful in his search for gold and soon be- 
came as hardened and wicked as some of the 
others, but still he could not forget that first 
great grief that had come into his life so 
many years before. He brooded over it so 
much that at last it began to prey on his 
health and he was obliged to leave his life 
here among the lawless gold-hunters. He 
traveled through the United States, think- 
ing that perhaps change of scene might do 
him good and cause him to forget his trouble. 
While in New York he was seized one morn- 
ing with a desire to go back to his New Eng- 
land home and see his native village. He 
started and soon arrived at the little depot, 
which had grown so familiar in his younger 
days. A strange feeling of satisfied longing 
came over him as he walked up the street on 
which he formerly lived. He went by the 
house where his father had lived. It was 
changed and occupied by strangers, and his 
heart was full as he journeyed on past the other 
house, where he had received that terrible 
blow which had marred his whole life. He 
turned his steps with a look of determination 
on his face — a face worn with sorrow and 
hardship, and walking toward the grave-yard, 
sought out a humble grave in a remote cor- 
ner, and throwing himself upon it, wept for 
a long time quietly. When he rose, there 
was a look of contentment on his manly face 
which it had not worn for many bitter years. 
People, especially the younger ones, wondered 

who this strange and sorrowful man was, 
who had come from no one knew where, to 
live in the village. A few of the older 
inhabitants knew him, after he had told 
them who he was, and by these he was 
warmly welcomed back again. He soon 
bought the house where his father had dwelt 
and lived there among his books to a good 
old age, becoming the delight of all the 
children, to whom he told wonderful stories 
of his adventures. He did a great deal of 
good with his money, building several 
schools and helping many a poor boy to rise 
in the world. He went quite often to visit 
the little mound in the grave-yard and would 
stay hours at a time. His life was a changed 
one after he settled in his old home and he 
became beloved by all who knew him, as a 
man of fine education and also of great and 
noble heart. No one could explain his stay- 
ing away so many years, although . many 
claimed that the terrible blow he received in 
his early manhood had weighed so heavily 
upon him that it had unsettled his mind for a 
time. It was truly a strange sorrow. At his 
death the whole town mourned and he 
received the highest honors at his funeral. 
By his request, he was buried beside her 
whom he had loved, in the little cemetery 
under the whispering pines. 

Extract from a Paper by Llew- 
ellyn Deane, Esq. 

WE TAKE the following statistics from 
a paper read by Llewellyn Deane, 
Esq., '49, at the Washington alumni dinner 
of last year, and which appears in a pamphlet 
report presented at the meeting, February 
17th : 

Bovvdoin has furnished no less than eighteen 
college presidents: 

Dartmouth— Lord, '09. 

Trinity and University of Pennsylvania— Good- 
win, '32. 

Hobart— Hale, '18. 



Pennsylvania Agricultural College and Girard — 
Allen,- '33. 

Middlebury— Hamlin, '34. 

Iowa State University — Pickard, '44. 

Griunell College — Magouu, '41. 

Hillsdale College— Mosher, '69. 

Maine State College — Allen, '39, and Fernald, '61. 

Urbana University— Sewall, '58, and Moses, '57. 

Western University — Wood, '37. 

Robert College— Hamlin, '34. 

Oahu College — Dole, '36, and Jones, '49. 

Armenia College — Wbeeler, '47. 

Aintab College— Fuller, '59. 

Bowdoin bas furnisbed, from ber graduates, at 
least one bundred professors to otber bona fide col- 
leges. Among tbese may be mentioned : 

Harvard — Storer, Longfellow, Abbot, * Everett, 
* Hall, * Sargent, * Torrey. 
Yale— * Harris, *Brastow. 
Brown—* Packard. 
Tufts— Drew. 

Boston University — Swasey. 
Wesleyan — Jobnston. 
Amberst — Abbot, H. B. Smith. 
Colby — Barnes, Wadswortb. 
Maine State— * Fernald, * Rogers. 
Middlebury— Hamlin. 
Uuiversity of Vermont— Smyth, Lincoln. 
Bates— Butler, *Howe, *Rich, *Hayes, *Stanton. 
Clarke University — * Whitman. 
Princeton — * Brackett, ^Packard. 
Colgate — * Buruham. 
University of Michigan — Felch. 
University of Minnesota — * Pattee. 
Uuiversity of Wisconsin— *Knowlton. 
University of Iowa — Pickard. 
Griunell College—* Magoun, Lane, Torrey. 
Perdu University — * Huston. 
Oberliu— Peck, * Currier. 
National Deaf Mute College— Chickering. 

*Now on the Faculty. 

The following have beeo " attracted " from the 
Bowdoin Faculty to other colleges : 
Harvard— Longfellow, Goodale. 
Tale — Harris, *Ladd, * Smith. 
Brown— Packard. 
Princeton — Brackett, Rock wood. 
Dartmouth — Packard, * Campbell. 
University of Virginia — * Wbeeler. 
Uuiversity of Indiana — *Matzke. 
University of Ohio — *Bowen. 
Uuiversity of Wisconsin— Chadbourne. 

Leland Stanford, Jr., University — * Pease. 

Andover Theological Seminary — Smyth, Stowe. 

Bangor Theological Seminary — Sewall. 

Union Theological Seminary — Hitchcock. 

I call your attention in the above list to the * ; 
this indicates the men who in the past ten years 
have been "attracted" from the Faculty of our 
college to other spheres of usefulness. 

To the "Yell" Correspondent. 

WHETHER the writer of the article on 
the "Yell Question," which appeared 
in the last number of the Orient, desired, b)- 
defending his yell, to excite an interest in 
the question among the students, or whether 
he conscientious^ wished to see that yell 
adopted, the article did not clearly indicate. 
If he had the former object in view, the gen- 
eral tone of his communication addressed to 
readers, whom he calls "half-formed Bow- 
doin boys " seems to have accomplished his 
desire to a certain extent. On the other 
hand, if he, who, we are to suppose, is a 
graduate of long standing — -wholly " formed," 
in fact, — if he really argued for the adoption 
of this yell, his argument was not wholly 

It is doubtful if the yell, "Orient, Bugle, 
Brunswick, Bowdoin," does possess the sono- 
rous qualities and the easily pronounced com- 
bination necessary to a first-class yell. But 
granting, for the sake of his argument that 
it does come up to the standard in this respect, 
let us look at the rest of his argument. He says 
that the students are reluctant to use "idio- 
matic words inseparably connected with her 
(Bowdoin's) history." What could be more 
idiomatic than the word " Bowdoin " itself, and 
does he think that a yell without it would be 
adopted? But he argues that inasmuch as 
this yell is " full of meat," by which he prob- 
ably means historical suggestion, it there- 
fore is suitable. Now it is obvious that, if his 
whole argument rests upon this point, the 
more "meat," the more historically suggestive 
words a yell contains, the better the yell. 



Why does he not, then, as must logically be 
done, make the yell as meaty as possible? 
Massachusetts Hall is certainly more impor- 
tant, historically, than the Orient, and King's 
Chapel than the Bugle. Why not make 
these substitutions in his yell? Even then 
the yell might be improved from his point 
of view by adding Memorial Hall, the dor- 
mitories, Parker Cleaveland's name, and we, 
perhaps, should not omit the only Adam 
Booker and the neighboring town of Bath. 

The absurdity of following out his line of 
argument and maintaining that a yell is good 
or bad according as it contains more or less 
" meat " (the sound of course being unim- 
paired) is clearly evident. Now if his last 
argument does not hold, and his first is 
doubtful, there does not seem to be much 
reason why the students should adopt his 

Returning to the question of selecting a 
yell different from the present college yell, it 
may be profitable to notice how other colleges 
in the country have settled the question. 
The general course seems to have been from 
complex to simple. Colleges which a few 
years ago had yells of various lengths, made 
up partly of words sometimes suggestive, 
but more frequently meaningless, are be- 
coming gradually settled down to what will 
probably be the universal college yell, viz., 
the "Rah "yell. It may be objected that it 
lacks originality, but what of that ? If a yell 
is good enough to gradually acquire a place 
among the leading colleges in the country 
it is good enough for Bowdoin. 

Therefore the following yell is offered as 
a solution of the problem. 




Dartmouth has a larger per cent, of alumni iu the 
Western States than any other Eastern university. 

How Far Does Rank at College 
Indicate Ability? 

IT IS the prevailing opinion among the 
students here at Bowdoin that a man's 
standing in his classes is in no way indica- 
tive of his ability ; and almost invariably a 
negative answer is returned to a question of 
the value of rank. Yet, upon looking the 
ground over with more care, a simple " no " 
will, I think, be found too hasty and far 
from being true. Moreover, it does seem 
that to make such a sweeping assertion is to 
do an injustice to those who have done their 
work well in the past — who are doing their 
work well now. 

To begin with, every graduate of Bow- 
doin on our present Faculty is a Phi Beta 
Kappa man ; and, although use is made of 
the roll of this society only because it hap- 
pens to offer a convenient list of class leaders, 
yet even here at the extreme limit of the 
system, rank more than holds its own. 

Among those, for example, who received 
Commencement parts and who were chosen 
to membership on the day of their gradua- 
tion are men like these : Longfellow, Pierce, 
Cheever, and Ezra Abbott; Melville W. 
Fuller, W. L. Putnam, Thomas B. Reed ; 
and still more recently, Orville D. Baker, 
Herbert M. Heath, and Arlo Bates. But to 
enumerate them all would be tedious. It is 
enough that one has only to search the col- 
lege records to be convinced that nearly all 
our famous alumni graduated well up in the 
forefront of their respective classes. 

In the face of this fact, the assertion that 
Commencement appointments go to "digs" 
and bookworms becomes weak and tame. 
There are, indeed, many exceptions that can 
be. taken on either hand. There is often a 
tendency among scholars to cling too closely 
to their books and to fail in that practical 
application of their knowledge which alone 
assures success ; and again, so long as ath- 
letics justly claim so much attention, there 



will be a reason for bright, active fellows 
neglecting their studies to a greater or less 
degree. Moreover, there are always some 
people who get credited with too much, 
others who receive less than they deserve. 
Still, with all these various exceptions, rank 
tells. It tells, that is to say, in the long run 
and in its general bearings. Real ability 
must, in the course of four years' study, force 
some recognition of its due. Aud, although 
there will now and then arise in after years 
a brilliant man who, contrary to the preceding 
statement, did not make much showing in 
his college life, yet surely the burden of 
proving the possession of talent rests with 
him who makes the claim. 

And finally, as regards those who are too 
indolent to keep the pace that is set for 
them, there seems to be no possible excuse. 
Ability, to the most of men at least, means 
work. And for just this reason a man's 
class standing, secured by his own efforts, 
is presumptive evidence of his ability, an 
evidence not infallible indeed, but never- 
theless an evidence that forms a basis for 
judgment as accurate as any fixed standard 
of mental, moral, or physical excellence ever 
can be expected to be. 

If 1 

A Sketch. 

HE Wanderer was engaged in performing 
a peculiar duty. Yes, it was a peculiar 
duty, for him, who had such utterly unreason- 
able and unheard of tasks to perform. For 
some reason, known only to himself, the Head 
Devil had wished to keep watch over a certain 
young man named John, and had assigned 
the work to the Wanderer. The latter knew 
nothing of the details of the job, and so, 
after having been transported in the usual 
instantaneous manner, from the Infernal 
^ Regions to Earth he was prepared for almost 
anything in his particular line of work. 

When he opened his eyes, as the spell 

left him, he found himself in a broad and 
busy street, up and down which was rushing 
such a crowd of drays and stages and pedes- 
trians, and what uot, as could be possible in 
but one place in the world, and that place 
the Wanderer knew was New York. 

"Fifth Avenue," he said to himself, for 
he knew this locality well, and its aristo- 
cratic atmosphere, and its exclusive, beware- 
the-dog air of gilded retirement and seclu- 
sion, were as familiar to him as were the 
sulphurous fumes that emanated from his 
spiritual home in Hades. 

It was evening. 

He stood just before a big brown house, 
which, with the softened beams that glim- 
mered forth from its warmly curtained win- 
dows and its air of cold and pompous dignity, 
seemed eminently fitted for a place on this 
swellest of the swell of earth's thoroughfares. 

But he had scarce time to look about him, 
for the sudden opening and slamming of the 
heavy door of the big house drew his atten- 
tion to the young man who had just come 
out so hastily, whom he at once knew to be 
his " subject. " 

Yes it was John. He stood on the lower 
step for a minute or so, pulling on his gloves 
with hands that trembled as if with great 
nervous excitement. An ominous black line 
between his eyes showed that his brows were 
frowning hard, and the corners of his usually 
firm mouth twitched suspiciously. 

He was more than ordinarily good look- 
ing, this young metropolite, tall, slim, and 
fair-haired; and his whole presence betok- 
ened much meutal force and moral nobility. 
As he started away from the house he had 
just left, he raised his head as if to look 
back, but suddenly recovering himself, with 
a half angry exclamation, he paced off down 
the avenue with an air of determination 
mingled with excitement, that caused the 
Wanderer to watch him with more than his 
usual amount of interest in humans and their 



Only at first John's pace was quick; 
before he had gone a bare three hundred 
yards he had come down to a dejected and 
listless saunter, hands deep in pockets, and 
head bent, utterly oblivious to the throng 
that surged by him, up and down the crowded 

The Wanderer looked at John with some- 
thing like pity. He understood it all, and in 
this very city had seen just such cases 

" Poor boy," said he to himself, " he has 
quarreled with her. He thought he was in 
the right at first, but now he begins to doubt, 
and repents his hasty words. But 'tis too 
late. His pride will kill him. Ah, yes ! 
The very same old story, I know it by heart." 
And from that moment the Wanderer was 
with John wherever he went. 

He saw him when for many a long mid- 
night hour he sat staring raptly at her 
picture — the only one he had not returned. 
The Wanderer knew John's feelings as he 
sat looking at the face, but did not attempt 
to analyze them. Once he peeped over the 
young man's shoulder and saw a face that 
made even him start with something which 
a soulless spirit ought not to possess. A face 
of purely patrician type ; clearly defined and 
delicate features ; eyes of deep, gentle blue ; 
a firm mouth with lines and curves to tempt 
St. Anthony himself; and all surmounted by 
a crown of lovely sun-gold hair which one 
longed to stroke with one's fingers — this was 
the face the Wanderer saw. 

And he was with John, too, when he 
would pace up and down his narrow rooms, 
his fists tightly clenched, and his face pale 
and set, and in his eyes an awful look of 
sorrow and self-reproach. And he heard the 
broken sentences that escaped the trembling 
lips, the sad overflow of a heart over-filled 
with grief. 

And the Wanderer was with John when 
in a distant city he met her face to face, and 
he saw how pride kept them from recognizing 

each other; and he heard the gasp that John 
could not withhold ; and he saw her cheek, 
when it paled like the setting moon at sun- 
rise. And he would have then and there 
reunited them in an unconscious bond, had 
not his mortal enemy, Pride, stepped quickly 
in between and broken the subtle thread of 

And the Wanderer was with John again 
when a long-eared acquaintance spoke of her 
to him at the Van White dinner ; and he saw 
how the poor boy's face hardened, and how 
manfully he fought his feelings down and 
contrived to make some politely conventional 

And he was very near to John in some of 
those sacredly terrible moments, when he 
feared that the young man would be so 
foolish and unmanly as to take his own life, 
and thus a coward fail his duty — his duty to 
his Maker and to himself. 

And when, after the sun had twice run 
his yeaiTy course, and John had, by steady 
work in his profession, partly erased the 
sorrow from his heart, then the Wanderer 
was with him once again, but ah, how differ- 
ent were things now ! This last time that 
the Wanderer saw John was when, just as 
the New Year came springing into life and 
all was quiet and peaceful, she came once 
more into his waiting arms, sorrowful, repent- 
ant, and loving. 

He saw the mutually chastened mood of 
the two young people as they poured out to 
each other the sorry tale of their sad quarrel ; 
he saw the humble and reverent spirit in 
which they renewed their well-nigh shattered 
vows, and he returned to his dismal abode 
strangely stirred by what he had seen. 

He had beheld chapter, by chapter and 
line by line the old, old tale of human affec- 
tion, that sweetest of earth stories; sweetest 
because it gives man a glimpse, though fleet- 
ing, of that Heaven of bliss and perfect joy 
in the dim Hereafter. 



»f?e ^e§§ioptimi§{. 

DISSERTATION on social etiquette 
is entirely beyond the prosaic grasp 
of the Pessioptimist, yet he feels called 
upon to expatiate somewhat upon an evil in 
the conduct of a few — let us hope a very 
few — of Bowdoin's hopefuls. The treatment 
accorded oftentimes to feminine visitors to 
our campus is not entirely in harmony with 
the spirit of an enlightened and educated com- 
munity, but rather savors of an ill-mannered 
and lawless set of beings, utterly devoid of 
any sense of the propriety of their acts. 

Was it so long ago that those charming 
mediasval days of chivalry existed that not 
one spark of their spirit remains to incite 
the youth of to-day to deeds of gallantry, 
or at least to pay proper respect to members 
of the fairer sex? Far from it. The cause 
of this disrespectful and indecorous treat- 
ment lies in simple thoughtlessness. In an 
unguarded moment we say and do many 
things which, had we but have allowed our- 
selves to think, would have been as disgusting 
and revolting to us as to those who hear or 
see them. 

Above all things let your conduct be 
civil and respectful toward the ladies who 
favor the college with their presence, and let 
it not be said that the students of Bowdoin 
College are a set of impolite and impudent 
slaves to thoughtlessness. 

5)5 * * * * 

Acquisitiveness is a characteristic of the 
human race, and, properly exercised, is a 
most beneficial endowment; yet possessed 
to an abnormal degree it oftentimes carries 
with it very disagreeable results. For in- 
stance the tendency of many individuals of 
the present age is to take unto themselves 
everything in the shape of a spoon, knife, or 
fork that is procurable without dangerous 

The Pessioptimist has heard of cases 
even in Brunswick where this unusual custom 
has been a serious inconvenience to those 
bereft of a certain portion of their silver 
ware.' Is it possible that in the near future 
after every party or social gathering the 
participants will be obliged to undergo a 
thorough search before being allowed to 
depart? This seems to be the only sure 
method of protection against the custom. 

* * * * * 

It has been a good many years since 
George Washington first saw the light of 
day. If in order to duly celebrate the 
event it is necessary for the elements to give 
us such a taste of polar weather as was their 
donation on February 22, 1893, it would be 
far preferable for the country to have been 


* * * * # 

This surely doesn't seem to be Bowdoin's 
"winter of her discontent." In fact the old 
college seems to be perfectly satisfied in 
keeping "the even tenor of her ways," and 
letting the outside world drift on as best it 
can. Not a college dance, not an entertain- 
ment, not a single diversion of any kind, as 
yet, to abstract the diligent searcher after 
knowledge from the serenity of the quiet 
atmosphere of his room. tempora ; 
mores! Ye shades of Epicurus and '91! 
Has the millennium of Bowdoin's existence 
at last arrived? 

I^hyme arpd I^eagoi?. 

No Test for Bravery. 

What if our country should call us 

To a bloody and death-bringing strife 1 

Would we cheerfully heed her summons, 
And willingly lay down our life ¥ 

We say so, — I think we would do it; 

And yet courage fails us all, 
When we see many hostile "Yaggers" 

With many a hostile snow-ball, 



Do Nothing Rashly. 

With the proper obscuration 
'Tis a pleasant occupation, 
If distressed by oscitation, 
To indulge in osculation. 
But to make the preparation 
For this charming delectation 
There must be deliberation, 
To prevent annihilation. 

The Pace. 

In many ways and manners, 

In almost every place, 
There is nothing that can really touch 

Training for a race; 
But for real demoralization 

And whirling of the brain, 
It can no wise hold a caudle 

To racing for a train. 
So, when one sees the hindmost car 

Go off upon a tear, 
For all his wit, you must admit, 

He cannot choose but swear. 

Finite Versus Infinite. 

There is a land of pure delight 

Where saints immortal reign, 
They have no use for plugging there, 

Or wearing out one's brain. 
Oh ! Never, within gates of pearl, 

You chin the Profs, in vain. 
But here, within our college town, 

In this little sphere mundane, 
The matters of this life are run 

On quite another plane, 
Aud the happiest people keep small shops 

And of the students gain 
A very pleasant little livelihood. 


Thro' the long years, as countless ages roll, 
The heart of man has ever blindly sought 
To fathom the beyond, and, dreaming, thought 
Of sunny lands, where speeds the fettered soul, 
When eyelids close, when breaks the golden bowl 
And life's fair blood is spilt. Time's unseeu hand 
Has dimmed the faith of old, and from the sand 
Has swept the footprints leading to that goal. 

But even yet, we know, when darkness yields 
To light, somewhere, there are Elysiau fields, 
And by their streams beneath their cloudless sky 
Our feet shall roam, 'mid voices of that sea 
Where storms come nevermore, and, sorrow-free, 
The far-off Islands of the Blessed lie. 


The snow-shoeing after 
the storm of Wednesday 
was a little worse than the walking, as 
some of the inexperienced in such 
found to their disgust. 
W. W. Thomas, '94, is still at home ill. 
Dana, '94, has been in Boston recently. 
Prof. Chapman preached in Gardiner recently. 
T. C. Chapman, '94, has returned from teaching. 
Instructor Tolmau was in town February 15th. 

Prof. Woodruff delivered a lecture at Bath on 
the 15th. 

French, '96, has been detained at home several 
days by illness. 

President Hyde's Bible class has been omitted 
the last two weeks. 

Baxter, '94, has been out of town a week on 
account of sickness. 

Farrington, '94, spent a few days at his (?) home 
in Augusta last week. 

Prof. Robinson lectured in Bangor during the 
first week of February. 

The Junior German Division is now reading 
Schiller's " Maria Stuart." 

The '94 delegation of * r have had a fine group 
picture taken at Webber's. 

Dennison, '95, has returned from teaching after 
a successful term at Naples. 

Prof. Chapman lectured at Bridgetou, February 
21st, on Tennyson's ''Princess." 

Dr. Mason delivered the address before the Col- 
lege Y. M. C. A. last Sunday. 

The Freshmen have elected Pearson as their 
class leader in the approaching exhibition. 



Instructor Tolmau is spending his time at 
Randall Camp near Katahdiu Iron Works. 

The annual meeting of the Intercollegiate Tennis 
Association will be held at Waterville next Saturday. 

Dudley and Mead, '95, who have been teaching 
at Pembroke since Thanksgiving, have returned to 

Ledyard, ex-'96, is now attending Maine State 
College and expects to secure a position on the ball 

■s- Professor Chapman gave an interesting talk in 
chapel, Sunday afternoon, on "Morality and Re- 

The Subscription Ball in Bath, last Thursday 
evening, attracted a considerable number of the 

The Athletic Exhibition will occur in Brunswick, 
March 17th; in Portland, March 21st, and probably 
in Bath soon afterward. 

Professor Houghton spoke on "Japan" in the 
Congregational church a week ago Sunday. His 
address was very much enjoyed. 

Clinics are being held at the Medical School on 
Thursdays and Saturdays. The Saturday clinics 
are devoted to cases requiring surgical aid. 

The Glee, Banjo and Guitar Clubs gave a very 
successful entertainment in Saco, February 15th. 
They wero highly praised by the local papers. 

Andrews and Thompson, '94, took part in the 
farce, "Popping the Question," given in the court 
room last Saturday evening by the Unitarian 

Many of the medical students are availing them- 
selves of the opportunity offered by Professor 
Whittier, and are undergoing a thorough physical 

The members of the Junior History division are 
listening to ten-minute speeches by different mem- 
bers of the class, on the men and events of the 
period they are studying. 

The concert by the Kneisel Quartette in Port- 
land, February 21st, attracted a good-sized au- 
dience. Professor Hutchins and wife and quite a 
number from the college were present. 

Klobedanze, pitcher on last year's Portland 
team, has been engaged to train the candidates 
for the nine. The men are taking daily practice in 
the Gym. under the direction of Capt. Hutchinson. 

At a meeting of the Athletic Association last 
Saturday, Carleton, '93, was elected captain of the 

athletic team which will represent Bowdoin at 
Springfield next June. Between twenty and thirty 
men will go into training at once. 

Among the books recently added to the library, 
is "Bells' Handbook of Athletic Sports," in three 
volumes. Judging by the number of calls for it 
the study of Athletics is popular enough to add to 
the list of elective studies. 

The Inter-scholastic Athletic Association, whose 
meet was held in Brunswick last year, holds its 
annual business meeting here next Saturday. Au- 
gusta, Brunswick, and Bangor are among the places 
proposed for this year's contests. 

Mr. George 0. Hubbard, who will be remembered 
as one of the leaders in the athletic exhibitions of 
the last four years, is now instructor of Physical 
Culture in the Northwestern Military Academy at 
Highland Park, about forty miles from Chicago. 

The celebration of Washington's birthday was 
but little observed, owing to the heavy storm. 
Many took the opportunity to leave town, and 
those who remained were inclined to envy them. 
Several succumbed to the storm and did not suc- 
ceed in reaching Brunswick for several days. 

The Portland papers state that either Carleton 
or Machan, '93, or Dyer, M. S., will probably be 
elected director of athletics by the new Portland 
Athletic Club at a salary of about $1,000. Payson 
and Peabody, '93, Pickard, '94, Foster, '95, Ingra- 
ham, special, and Dyer, M. S., are members of the 

The last themes of the term are due March 1st. 
Subjects are as follows: Juniors: 1— Do We Need 
a College Dining Hall? 2— The Country Church. 
3 — Gladstone's Literary Career. Sophomores: I — 
The District School. 2— Emerson's "Spiritual 
Laws." 3— What Should Determine the Choice of 
Elective Studies ? 

The Portland Republicans have nominated for 
mayor, Mr. J. P. Baxter, and the Democrats, the 
present incumbent, Mr. Ingraham. As both these 
gentlemen have sons in the college the Orient would 
suggest that a joint debate be arranged between 
them for the edification of the student body. 
Refreshments in Memorial. 

The usual number of circulars from Western 
firms, offering to supply anything in the shape of 
themes, orations, and commencement parts at prices 
varying from three to fifteen dollars, secrecy guar- 
anteed, are being received. X nere ar e members of 
last year's Sophomore Latin class who can offer 



theses of twenty-five hundred words and over at 
much lower figures. 

Work for the approaching Athletic Exhibition 
is going on steadily, but the absence of several 
of last year's "stars" is severely felt. Only two 
weeks remain for practice, and great improvement 
must be made if the exhibition is to be the success 
it has been in former years. If every man who can 
do so 'will take hold and work with a will, we shall 
score another success. It is especially important 
that the exhibition be attractive and draw good 
houses, both here and in Portland, since the receipts 
from it are depended upon to give the men training 
for the intercollegiate contests all necessary facilities. 


Throughout the year the financial affairs of the 
association have been in a bad condition. Thanks 
to the kind assistance of Faculty and students, we are 
able to report that asufficieut sum has been pledged 
to put the association in a sound financial condition. 
Quite a portion of the amount pledged has been 
paid, and if the remainder is collected, as no doubt 
it will be, we shall be enabled to close the year with 
no bills or pledges outstanding and with a small 
amount in the treasury. We got into the present 
difficulty by pledging certain amounts to State and 
International work before we knew where the 
money was to come from with which to pay the 
pledges. For the past two or three years we have 
received practically no returns for considerable 
amounts thus expended. Accordingly, at the last 
State Convention, we reduced our pledge for State 
work over one-half, and made the pledge that we 
did, with the understanding that it should be ex- 
pended in college work. Thus far, however, we 
have received no visit from the State Secretary or 
been otherwise aided as we expected to be. Unless 
something is expended in our behalf before the end 
of the year, will it be advisable to expend more 
money without receiving any benefit therefrom? 
Whatever we do in regard to this matter, one 
thing is certain, that we ought not to pledge any 
amount, or contract any debts, without first being 
absolutely certain as to where the money is to be 
obtained with which to pay them. At all events, 
let us see to it that our financial condition remains 

Until very recently the attendance at our Thurs- 

day evening meetings this year has been larger 
than for two or three years past. The attendance 
has begun to fall off, however. It is doubtless due 
to the increased amount of work which always 
devolvesupon usat the middle and latter part of the 
winter term. Many of us feel that we cannot afford 
tlie time required to attend the meetings. Before 
we settle down to this conclusion, let us give the 
matter serious thought, and ask ourselves if we 
cannot economize three-quarters of an hour in 
some way and so be able to be at the Thursday 
evening meeting. Every one should bear in mind 
the fact that in staying away from the meeting, he 
is not the only one affected, but that all the others 
are in a measure affected, as there is much less 
interest and enthusiasm manifested when only a 
few are present. 

'25. — Hon. James W. 
Bradbury, of Augusta, the 
venerable ex-senator, is seriously ill 
at his home. 
'53.- — Thaddeus R. Simouton has resigned 
his editorship of the Camden Herald to 
accept a government position. Mr. Simonton has 
been a member of both Senate and House of Repre- 
sentatives, and has also been deputy collector of 
customs at Rockland. 

'50. — Senator Frye is alert and tireless in his 
championship of American shipping. His bill, which 
has just passed the Senate, checks foreign forays 
into our immense coastwise commerce and balks one 
of the schemes of that unscrupulous concern, the 
Panama Railroad. — Ex. 

'52. —General Joshua L. Chamberlain is spoken 
of for president of the Maine State College at Orono. 
General Chamberlain is now in New York. 

'59. — Rev. Americus Fuller, D.D., president of 
the college in Aintab, Turkey, occupied the pulpit 
of the Second Parish Church, Portland, Me., 
February 20th. 

'66.— The Bath Times gives a very pleasiug 
account of Professor Chapman's lecture before the 
Fortnightly Club of Bath. Professor Chapman took 
for his subject "Emerson and his Essay on Friend- 



ship." Tuesday evening, February 21st, Professor 
Chapman lectured at Bridgeton Academy. Subject, 
Tennyson's "Princess." 

'71. — The Leioiston Saturday Journal has a most 
interesting letter from Rev. Everett S. Stackpole, of 
Lisbon, Me., who writes from Berlin University, 
Germany. In this letter Mr. Stackpole writes at 
some length on the customs and peculiar features of 
the University. 

'80. — The first number of the Lewiston Sun, edited 
by Henry A. Wing, formerly of the Bangor Commer- 
cial, made its appearance February 20th. 

'91.— G. C. Mahoney, R. H. Hunt, and B. D. 
Ricllon have returned to the Medical School. 

'92.— S. L. Parcher has entered the Bowdoin 
Medical School. 

'92.— Mr. C. L. Stacy, who is principal of the 
Smithport (Pa.) High School, had the misfortune to 
lose his school building by fire, January :51st. Mr. 
Stacy is now " boarding around " with his school in 
various unoccupied halls and vestries. The Orient, 
which is also " boarding around " while awaiting 
new permanent quarters, extends sympathy. 

Sook I^eview§. 

(The Diamond Neckldace, by Thomas Carlyle. 
Edited by W. F. Mozier. Boston and New York: 
Leach, Shewell & Sanborn.) Almost every pub- 
lishing house now has its series of small classics. 
These handy little editions have sprung into exist- 
ence to fill the increasing demand for better litera- 
ture in the schools. They also serve, as pleasant 
pocket companions to the student in leisure hours. 
The above publishers have added to their list this 
work of Carlyle. While " The Diamond Necklace " 
is not the best production of its author, it is an 
excellent one in which to study his different styles 
and peculiarities. The biographical sketch is com- 
pact, but sufficient to give a good idea of the 
author's life. The methods of study advised by the 
editor are suggestions found useful by the best of 
scholars. The notes are sufficiently copious to give 
a clear understanding of the text. Neatly bound in 

(Rousseau's Emile, abridged, translated, and 
annotated by William H. Payne, Ph.D., LL.D. New 
York: D. Appletou & Co.) Rousseau is of more 
interest to us as a historic character than as a dis- 
tinguished author. As a reformer he was adverse 

to all institutions of civilization and advocated a 
return to a state of nature. His "Emile" is edu- 
cational in its character. As he himself says in his 
introduction: "A collection of reflections without 
order and almost without connection. The first 
two lines are the keynote of his whole theory of 
education." "Tout est Men, sortant des mains de 
Vauteur des clwses; tout degeuere entre les mains de 
I'homme." He would do away with artificial and 
mechanical aids and make learning as far as pos- 
sible a process of personal investigation and pro- 
gressive with the age of the child. The translation 
is excellent. The introduction by the translator is 
of some length. It shows some of the peculiarities 
of Rousseau and gives a general outline of the 

(La Cigale cltez les Foumies, by Legoure and 
Labiche. Edited by W. H. Witherby, M.A., Bos- 
ton : D. C. Heath & Co.) The title of this play is 
plainly taken from the fable of La Fontaine. It is 
a pleasing little comedy of Paris life. 

(Extracts from Eutropius. Edited by J. B. 
Greenough, Boston : Ginn & Co.) This is one of 
a series of pamphlets for sight-reading in Latin. 
These are adapted for all grades of advancement in 
preparatory school and college. 

Heads of great men all remind us, 

If we choose the proper way, 
"We can get up iu the morning 
With a head as hig as they. 

— Spectator. 

An oratorial contest is to be held in Chicago on 
June 30th, at which 75 colleges will be represented. 

Duffy, of the Boston Base-Ball Club, is training 
the candidates for the Brown 'varsity nine. 

The total amount of gifts received at Cornell 
last year was $2,000,048. 

About 300 students are taking the course in 
journalism offered at the University of Chicago. 



Columbia College has 600 graduate students — 
the largest number of any one college in the United 

The Freshman class at Amherst has been sent a 
bill of $100 for damages done in Greenfield on the 
night of their class supper. 

At the University of Wisconsin the outline of the 
State has been adopted as the official design for a 
university pin. 

There are in the United States 0,500 women in 
colleges, and graduates of colleges, who are mem- 
bers of Greek letter fraternities 

One chair will do, on a pinch, for two, 

For love will find a way; 
But one kiss won't do, nor will a few, 
For love don't work that way. 

— Polytechnic. 

A proposition has been made to build a Blaine 
Memorial Library for Bates College. Mr. Blaine 
assisted in framing the charter of that institution 
and was one of its appreciative supporters. 

The growth of the University of Michigan has 
been so great that the needs of the university have 
outgrown all means of meeting them so that the 
Regents of the State have asked the legislature to 
increase the special tax for university purposes from 
one-twentieth to one-tenth of a mill. 

The youngest graduates from Harvard were 
Cotton Mather, who graduated at the age of 16, 
Paul Dudley, at the age of 14, and Rev. A. P. Pea- 
body, at 15. 

The Dartmouth Glee Club will accompany the 
base-ball nine on its spring trip and give concerts 
wherever the nine plays. 

During the present school year, Dartmouth has 
received gifts in property, bonds, and money 
amounting to $700,000. 

Captain Ives has ordered two paper shells for 
the Yale crew from Waters, of Troy, N. T. They 
are of the same pattern as the shell used last year. 
This action of Captain Ives was contrary to general 
expectation as it was thought that another cedar 
boat or an aluminum shell would be ordered. 

The ladies are requested not to read this clip- 
ping from the Grove City Collegian, but we wager 
ten to one that they all will : 

•praq igq no pireis oj pisq aqs jj 
A\ouamos }i jb %aS A\9U3f 9 A\ 
•p«9i A'p'eg.ire s,ans