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Published Fortnightly by the Students of 



F. W. PICKAED, '94, . Managing Editor. 

F. J. LIBBY, '94, Assistant Managing Bditok. 

B. L. BRYANT, '95, Business Manager. 

J. E. DUNNIK6, . . . Pessioptimist. A. G. WILEY, '95, . . . Athletics. 

H. "W. THAYER, '95, . Rhyme and Reason. H. H. PIERCE, '96, . . . Personals. 

J. C. MINOT, '96, . . CoUegii Tabula. H. E. ANDREWS, '94, . College World. 

E. M. SIMPSON, '94, 





Index to Volume XXIII. 


Editorial Notes F. W. Pickard, Editor. 

1, 15, 29, 45, 65, 106, 121, 135, 165, 183, 199, 215, 231, 249, 266, 281. 
F. J. Libby, Assistant Editor, 151, 282. 

Pessioptimist J- E. Dunning, Editor. 

6, 21, 33, 47, 110, 127, 138, 165, 172, 189, 206, 223, 240, 256, 274, 289. 

COLLEGii Tabula J. C. Minot, Editor. 

7, 22, 35, 68, 102, 111, 128, 140, 157, 174, 190, 207, 224, 241, 257, 275, 290. 

Personal - H. H. Pierce, Editor. 

10, 26, 40, 63, 103, 116, 132, 147, 163, 179, 193, 208, 227, 244, 260, 277, 292. 

Athletics A. G. Wiley, Editor. 

37, 59, 131, 142, 160, 177. 
Assisted by F. W. Piclsard, 9, 24, 39, 114. 

College World H. E. Andrews, Editor. 

13, 27, 42, 119, 133, 149, 164, 196, 212, 229, 247, 261, 279, 295. 

Y. M. C. A G. C. DeMott, President Y. M. C. A. 

9, 26, 40, 146, 178. 
Assisted by F. J. Libby, 116, 162. 

Book Revieats B. L. Bryant, Editor. 

13, 42, 133, 148, 164, 195, 229. 

Assisted by Professor Files, 195. 

Assisted by Professor Lee, 294. 



Address of tlie President (Ivy Day) F. W. Dana 49 

After Five Tears J- E. Dunning 107 

Alpha Delta Plii Convention J. B. Roberts 46 

Alumni Association of New York Citv J. B. Roberts 203 

Alumni List H. H. Pierce 101 

Another Yell W. T. ball, Jr 66 

Applied Mathematics (Inter Nos) F. W. Pickard 272 

Appointments and Prizes 101 

Are Chapter-Houses Desirable ? W. W. Fogg 125 

Are We Overworked? F. W. Pickard 18 

Arrangement of the Library J. C. Minot 109 

At the Fair J- T. Shaw 201 

Athletic Exhibition A. G. Wiley 283 

Baccalaureate Sermon Pres. William DeWitt Hyde 67 

Bowdoin Abroad G. T. Ordway 232 

Bowdoin's Foot-Ball Record F. W. Pickard 123 

Bowdoin Song, A Edw. Stanwood 186 

Buo-le, The F. A. Frost 5 

Change, A A. G. Wiley 154 

Class-Day Exercises Compiled by F. W. Pickard 68 

Class-Day Oration H. C. Fabyan 68 

Class History (Class Day) B. F. Barker 74 

Class Prophecv (Class Day) M.S. Clifford 77 

Class Reunions .' H. H. Pierce 98 

College Commons J. T. Shaw 260 

College Versus Fraternity J. B. Roberts 167 

Commencement Dance, The H. E. Andrews 82 

Commencement Dinner and Speeches Compiled by F. W. Pickard 93 

Commencement Exercises Compiled by F. W. Pickard 91 

I N D E X.—{Contmuecl') 

Conservatism Prof. H. L. Chaoman 83 

Cripple Creeli Trail, The E. Bond ". 218 

Daring Ride, A C. W. Marston 233 

Deacon Titcomb G. T. Ordway 237, 253, 271 

Debating G. T. Ordway 219 

Delta Kappa Epsilon Convention R. H. Hinkley 138 

Devil's Invention, The C. W. Marston 286 

Do Societies at Bowdoin Need Chapter-Houses ? . .R. O. Small 125 

Entrance Examinations 101 

Extract from Rules of N. E. I. A. A Compiled by F. W. Pickard 19 

Few Pertinent Questions, A J. B. Roberts 188 

Fraternity Reunions 90 

Hare and Hound Club, A G. T. Ordway 163 

Here's Another i J. B. Roberts 267 

His Waterloo J. E. Dunning 32 

Hour's Experiment, An J. T. Shaw 220 

Idol's Secret, The J. T. Shaw ■■ 284 

In Memoriam 12 

In Memoriam 163 

In Memoriam 211 

In Memoriam 228 

In Memoriam 246 

In Memoriam 261 

In Memoriam 294 

Injured Innocence (Inter Nos) J. E. Dunning 255 

Intercollegiate Tournament F. W. Pickard 62 

Inter Nos... F. W. Pickard 204,239 

Ivy-Day Exercises Compiled by F. W. Pickard 47 

Ivy Hop H. E. Andrews 56 

Joint Debate, A H. B. Russ 189 

Junior Prize Declamation , 68 

Maine Historical Society 90 

Man Wanted by the World To-day, The (Ivy Day)P. H. Moore 47 

Medical School Graduation Compiled by F. W. Pickard 83 

Mirabeau and France!. A. A. Hussey 92 

My Treasure Find C. W. Marston 251 

On Pike's Peak E. Bond 187 

Opening Address (Class Day) F. M. Shaw 73 

Parting Address (Class Day) A. S. Haggett 80 

Phi Beta Kappa Meeting 90 

Physician and His Practice, The , E. C. Newcomb 88 

President Hyde's Annual Report Compiled by F. W. Pickard 20 

President's Reception 101 

Primer Exercise in Social Science (Inter Nos) ... .J. E. Dunning 222 

Pi-ize Awards 

Problem of Four Centuries, A C. W. Peabody 3 

Proposed Yells Compiled by F. W. Pickard 126 

Psi Upsilon Convention H. E. Andrews 32 

Psi Upsilon Reception H. E. Andrews 221 

Response of Boy Chemist (Ivy Day) R. P. Plaisted 53 

Response of Class Athlete (Ivy Day) W. P. Thompson .52 

Response of Class Solon (Ivy Day) H. L. Bagley 54 

Response of Class Sport (Ivy Day) F. J. Libby 52 

Response of Popular Man (Ivy Day) F. G. Farrington 55 

Response of Unknown Quantity (Ivy Day) G. A. Merrill 51 

Scientific Building, The J. C. Minot 31 

Shall it Continue? , ..G. B. Mayo 154 

Sketch, A T. C. Chapman 268 

Sparring Tournament A. G. Wiley 267 

Suggestion, A F. H. Swan ..137 

Tatters J. T. Shaw 236 

Theta Delta Chi Convention A. Chapman. 188 

Told by a Fisherman T. C. Chapman 170 

Trustees' and Overseers' Meeting J. C. Minot 90 

Wail from the West, A G. B. Chandler 216 

I N D E X.— ( Conthmed.} 

Walker Art Building, The J. C. Minot 167 

Was He a Coward? J. E. Dunning 17 

Washington Alumni Meeting J. C. Minot 203 

Why Not Have College Theatricals? 153 


Answered F. W. Pickard Ill 

At Play J. C. Minot 255 

Battle-Field Flowers J. C. Minot 7 

Bowdoin Beata J. B. Choate 186 

Bowdoin Days H. H. Pierce Ill 

Bowdoin Song, A J. C. Minot 223 

Broken Vase, The J. C. Minot 22 

Carved Name, The J. C. Minot 190 

Class-Day Poem C. W. Peabody 71 

Class Ode (Class Day) G. S. Chapin 82 

Delusive Thought, The H. E. Andrews 173 

Different F. W. Pickard 127 

Diver, The J. C. Minot 57 

Doom J. C. Minot 1 28 

Down by the Sea H. B. Russ , ..205 

Et Nunc et Semper H. W. Thayer 288 

Frequent Occurrence, A G. E. Carmichael 173 

Idyl H. W. Thayer 288 

Inseparable H. W. Thayer 156 

In Winter Skies H. W. Thayer 256 

Use, The J. C. Minot 289 

Ivy-Day Poem H. E. Andrews 48 

Ivy Ode E. M. Simpson 56 

Lament of a Junior Poet, The A. L. Churchill 222 

Memory, A H. W. Thayer 7 

Nightfall H. W. Thayer 156 

Ode to Our Visitors H. B. Russ 157 

On Arbor Day J. C. Minot 84 

On the Shore C. E. Michels 128 

Osculatory , A. L. Churchill 7 

Passing of Summer, The H. W. Thaver . .127 

Penelope H. W. Thayer 205 

Philoctetes in Lemnos H. H. Pierce 256 

Priceless Boon, The H. W. Thayer 139 

Purgatory H. W. Thayer 156 

Pursuit of the Ideal, The H. W. Thayer 21 

Reading-Room, The H. B. Russ 140 

Realism H. B. Russ 190 

Romance, A A. G. Wiley 240 

Rondeau G. T. Ordway 255 

Snow Fairy, The J. C. Minot 240 

Solitude H. W. Thayer 190 

Sonnet James McKeen, Esq 205 

Sphinx H. W. Thayer 240 

Spring Sunset, A C. E. Michels Si 

Strange H . W . Thayer 7 

Thought, A H. W. Thayer Ill 

Triumph of Spring, The J. C. Minot 289 

Unchanging Life, The H. W. Thayer 174 

Verses H. B. Russ 35 

Wonders of Modern Science Edw. Stanwood, Esq 139 


Vol. XXIII. 


No. 1. 





F. W. PiCKARD, '94, Managing Editor. 

F. J. LiBBY, '94, Assistant Managing Editor. 

B. L. Bryant, '95, Business Manager. 

H. E. Andrews, '94. A. G. Wiley, '95. 

E. M. Simpson, '94. J. C. Minot, '96. 

H. W. Thayer, '95. H. H. Pierce, '96. 

J. E. Dunning. 

Per annum, in advance $2.00. 

Single Copies, 15 Cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained atthe bookstores or on applica- 
tion to tlie Business Manager. 

Remittances should be made to the BusinessTHanager. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Rhyme and Ueason Department should be 
sent to Box 6, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should be sent to Box 140, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post-Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 


Vol. XXIII., No. 1.— April 26, 1893. 

Editorial Notes, 1 

A Problem of Four Centuries 3 

The Bugle, 5 

Prize Awards, 5 

The Pessioptimist, 6 

Rhyme and Reason: 

Strange 7 

A Memory, 7 

Battle-Field Flowers, . . . . ■ 7 

Osoulatory, 7 

OoLLEQii Tabula, 7 

Athletics 9 

Y. M. C.A 9 

Personal 10 

In Memoriam, 12 

Book Reviews 13 

College World, 13 

We assume the duties and respon- 
sibilities of the management of the twenty- 
third volume of the Orient with a full 
realization of the difficulties of our task. 
It will hot be our policy to make radical 
changes in either the form or contents of the 
paper, but we shall strive to strengthen the 
various existing departments, giving especial 
attention to the Local and Personal columns. 
Every endeaVor will be made to eliminate 
from the Orient all class and fraternity 
feeling, and to make the paper a true repre- 
sentative of the sentiment of the student 
body. Whether we shall succeed in main- 
taining the present high standard of the 
Orient must be determined later from the 
results of our work. We make but one 
promise — to do our best. 

IT IS with the greatest regret that we are 
forced to record the deatli of two of our 
number. J. Evarts Pearson, of the class of 
'96, died at his lionie in Brunswick, March 
31st, of typhoid fever. Although he had 
been a member of the college but a few 
months, his scholarly ability, sterling char- 
acter and kindly disposition had endeared 
him to all. By the death of George A. 
Evans of the Medical School, class of '94, 
the school loses one of its most esteemed 
members ; a man whose influence was often 


felt, and always for good. We feel that the 
resolutions adopted by the classes of these 
men are far more than mere outward expres- 
sions of sorrow. 

TTfHANKS to an energetic Board of Edit- 
-*■ ors, '94's Bugle arrived on the campus 
before the close of the winter term. At this 
late day anything in the line of a review 
is needless. The volume is attractive in 
appearance and contents, and has been well 
received by the college. In this connection 
it may not be amiss to call attention' to a 
brief article in another column, concerning 
the "slugs" so prominent in the last few 
Bugles. While our contributor puts the case 
rather strongly, we cannot help feeling that 
his objections are not wholly ill-founded. 

TlfHE letter of the committee selected by 
^ the Orient to award the prizes for the 
best contributions appears in ant)ther column. 
As was announced in the last number, the 
prize for the largest number of poems was 
divided between Russ, '95, and Minot, '96. 
The award for the best poem goes to Thayer, 
'95, a poem of Minot's, and another of 
Thayer's, having honorable mention. Dun- 
ning wins the prize for the best story, and 
T. C. Chapman, '94, takes second prize. 

TITHE success which the prize contest of last 
^ year had in increasing the quantity and 
quality of the contributions to the Orient 
has led us to offer the following prizes : 

¥ox the best story published in this 
volume of the Orient, Five Dollars. 

For the second best story, Three Dollars. 

For the largest number of poems pub- 
lished, Five Dollars. 

For the best poem published, Two Dol- 

The above prizes are open to all students 

of the college except the present Orient 

All contributions are subject to revision 
by the editors, and will be submitted to the 
judges, whose names will be announced later, 
only as they appear in print. 

Stories should not exceed 1,500 words in 
length, and poems of over forty lines cannot 
be used. 

Every article must be accompanied by the 
name of its author, which, however, will not 
be published. 

TN THIS number we present the entire '68 
■^ Prize Oration, and feel confident that it 
will be thought worthy of the prize it won. 
Its author, Mr. Peabody, has the enviable 
distinction of having won first prize in all 
of the three declamation contests in which 
he has participated. 

TITHE well-known lecturer on literary topics, 
^ Rev. John A. Bellows, of Portland, is 
conducting the Junior course in Practical 
Rhetoric. The Orient extends a hearty 
welcome to Mr. Bellows, and congratulates 
the class on securing so interesting an in- 

JHHE President of the College Y. M. C. A., 
A Mr. G. C. DeMott, will conduct the 
column devoted to that Association during 
the present Orient year. 

TITHE opening game of the base-ball season 
*- shows conclusively that our nine will be 
an important factor in the race for the pen- 
nant. At the same time we feel that great 
improvement must be made in some direc- 
tions before it can win the coveted honor. 
To claim that we are sure winners is to do an 
injustice to the college and to the players 
themselves, as it puts both in a false position 
at the outset. We can say, however, with- 


out exaggeration, that we believe that our 
chances of winning this year are good, and 
we confidently assert that we shall make any 
of the college league teams " hustle " to beat 
us. A great deal depends on the result of 
tlie first game with Bates next Saturday. 
We trust that every man who can do so will 
accompany the team, and do his best to cheer 
them on to victoiy. 

Not half enough men are ti'aining for the 
team which will represent us in the Inter- 
collegiate meet at Worcester, May 24th. 
Those who are practicing daily show con- 
stant improvement, and several are doing 
really excellent work, but many of the men 
who should be foremost seem careless and 
indifferent. If we wish to make a success 
of our first year's work in this line of sport 
it is imperative that every man do his best, 
whether that best is little or much. 

A Problem of Four Centuries. 

By Clarence \V. Peabobt. 

FROM the East the nations of the world have 
always drawn their riches. Egypt, Assyria, 
and Israel were greatest when commerce laid the, 
wealth of Asia at their feet. Rome was tempted 
from the rigor and shnplicity of her noblest days 
by a magnificence that was Oriental. 

When the scepter had fallen from Italy and 
Byzantium, and the followers of Mahomet had 
carried into the land of the Visigoths the entranc- 
ing legends of Bagdad, a spirit of unrest fell upon 
the Spanish nations ; the old Phcenician blood and 
the Gothic, mingled in mediieval Spain, burned 
with a desire to seek the unknown regions of the 
world and verify the fabulous stories of antiquity. 

The Peninsula echoed with the tales of travelers 
returning from the wondrous Eastern lands. 
Though the journey was long and perilous through 
desert and wilderness, yet further and further east 
the adventurers penetrated, and brought back 
strange stories of the Great Khan, whose opulent 
realm stretched to the uttermost limits of Asia and 
faced upon an ocean whose boundaries no man knew. 

And then there arose in Europe a dreamer who 

saw in his visions but one great ocean. Its eastern 
tides ebbed and flowed upon the well-known coast 
of France and Portugal ; its furthest waves dashed 
upon the golden strand of Tartary. Accredited 
with letters to the Oriental potentate, Columbus 
set forth to discover again that far-famed country. 
He bore the flag of Spain westward across the 
Atlantic, but failed to reach the territories of the 
Great Khan. 

From the time when Columbus first conceived 
his purpose until to-day it has been the problem of 
commerce to seek and open some western highway 
to the eshanstless riches of the East. 

We who know our country as a land of pleasant 
homes feel a pang of wounded pride in the thought 
that these noble headlands and wooded hill-sides 
were once looked upon as cruel barriers which 
stopped the progress of adventurous voyagers and 
kept them from the goal of their ambitions. The 
exploration of our coast was the fruitless search for 
some inlet whose distant shores, receding, should 
open into that fabulous ocean and point the way to 
the Antipodes. 

Baffled by continents, the sailors followed the 
coast to south and to north. At length Magellan, 
defying the threatening cliffs of Terra del Fuego, 
entered the Pacific Ocean, and achieved in that far 
southern latitude the passage which had been 
denied to commerce north of the Equator. But this 
long and dreary voyage to southern zones but par- 
tially solved the problem. 

A belief in the existence of a North-west Pas- 
sage haunted the dreams of many an adventurer of 
Europe. Martin Frobisher, with the flag of England 
at his mast-head steered his frail barque far into 
the snowy regions beyond Labrador, but saw ahead 
no pathway through the inexorable ice. For more 
than two hundred years this sphinx's riddle re- 
mained unsolved. In the early days of the present 
century a spirit of enterprise was awakeued which 
would not rest until it should be known whether 
the North-west Passage were a reality or a myth. 
Ship after ship dashed against the icebergs of the 
north, or was stranded in the sudden closing of 
narrow seas, whose frozen gates that had opened 
for a moment crashed together and sealed the trav- 
eler's doom. 

Failure succeeded failure, till at length, when 
the search for the lamented Franklin had redoubled 
the efforts of the northern explorers, a ship sailed 
from one ocean into the other and the North-west 
Passage was known to exist. But even before its 
discovery, commerce had renounced so dangerous a 


path. The riddle was solved, but the great 
Northern Sphinx was not content. She put her 
question anew to every voyager, and did he fail to 
answer, she crushed him in her icy grasp. 

In the centuries which had passed since the first 
explorer looked with wonder upon the strange, wild 
continent of America, there had been taking place 
changes which revolutionized the world and added 
a new interest to this problem of commerce. Not 
only was our Atlantic coast touched by the magic 
wand pf civilization, but the PaciUc country,— that 
worthless wilderness, shut off by the insurmount- 
able barrier of mountains, separated by a dreary 
stretch of desert from the busy ceuters of life and 
industry, that unknown aud unprized region, — had 
burst into a paradise. The very mouutains had 
revealed in their dark recesses alf the wonders of 
Aladin's cave; the deserts, springing into luxu- 
riance had reflected the setting sun from a golden 
harvest that might feed the world. The cry was 
Westward, ho ! The problem of commerce had 
taken on a twofold aspect, — a twofold solution was 
being gradually revealed. To the East was added 
a West no less rich, no less desirable, yet hardly 
more accessible to the fleets of the Atlantic. 

An overland route seemed at first to satisfy the 
longings of the commercial world. Great railways 
pushed across the plains and toiling up the mountain 
heights, bore the stream of population among the 
hills and valleys of the west. From the harbors of 
our Paeiflo coast, ships built in the forests of Oregon 
found a path across an unwearied ocean to the 
Eastern lands. 

One half of the problem was solved ; but expe- 
rience has proved that the products of the Pacific 
coast must seek cheaper conveyances than those 
which traverse mountain passes two miles in 
air. Water highways must be the chief routes of 

Far-seeing monarchs from the days of the Pba- 
roahs have aided transportation by the construction 
of canals. In our owu country the artificial water- 
ways, which have opened communication with the 
Great Inland Lakes, were the prime cause of mov- 
ing the center of our population to the Mississippi 
valley. Knowing what canals have done, the mer- 
chants of Europe and America have looked upon 
the map of the western hemisphere and discerned 
the possibility of cutting the sleuder thread of land 
which binds the two continents together. From 
time to time attempts have been made to execute 
this project. Two ways have seemed the most prac- 
ticable, the one through the narrow Isthmus of 

Panama; the other, longer but more favored, across 
the depression in the continental mountain chain, 
where the broad waters of Lake Nicaragua furnish 
an exhaustless reservoir and harborage sufficient 
for the fleets of the world. 

In 1869, Ferdinand de Lesseps, by completing 
the Suez Canal between the Red Sea and the Med- 
iterranean, achieved for himself a world-wide re- 
nown. What he had accomphshed for the India 
trade he now attempted for the greater commerce 
with China, Australia, and Japan, by severing the 
Isthmus of Panama. Arousing the enthusiasm of 
France with the hope of rivaling England by means 
of this new commercial highway, De Lesseps em- 
barked in an enterprise which, after struggling for 
years against adverse climate and topography and 
the hidden disease of political corruption, has fallen 
with a crash that shakes the very foundations of 
the French Republic, and involves in its ruin and 
drags into disgrace its aged leader. 

Let us pass from the pathetic downfall of this 
grand pioneer to the more pleasant consideration 
of that promised land to whose boundaries he led 
the forces of scientific progress. 

The opportunity is afforded our own country to 
control the gateway of the Pacific. The govern- 
ment of Nicaragua, distrustful of France, denied to 
De Lesseps and his associates the privilege of the 
favored route, and preferring to place it in safer 
hands, has granted to an American company a 
charter with most favorable terms. Aujerican skill 
and American perseverance are pushing the Nica- 
ragua Canal to its completion, and offer it as the 
fiual answer to this great question of four hundred 

And what will commerce gain by this canal? 
Look for a moment upon the western hemisphere. 
Trace the long and sinuous route from ports of 
Europe and our eastern coast to the western shore 
of North America, to Japan, China, and the islands 
of the Pacific. Think of the calms beneath a torrid 
sun, and of all the dangers that beset the voyage 
around the " Horn." Then look again. Banish 
the calms ; banish the perils of the southern seas. 
Halve the distance between the Pacific and the 
northern Atlantic ; bring San Francisco 10,000 miles 
nearer to New York ; and see what the Nicaragua 
Canal can do for commerce. 

Suez now takes the toll of a great traffic between 
Europe and the peninsulas of the Indian Ocean, but 
not of all. Situated as it is between calm inland 
seas, the benefits of this short route are denied to 
sailing vessels. Not so with Nicaragua. Uncon- 


fined by landlocked waters it can " welcome the 
coming, speed the parting guest." Every craft of 
whatever description, propelled by engines or wafted 
by the winds of heaven, can find an easy access to 
this ocean gateway. 

A greater stream of commerce is destined to flow 
through the Nicaragua Canal than through Suez. 
From vaster, wealthier regions it will come than 
even the vast and opulent Empire of India. It 
will come from the unlimited and undeveloped 
countries of the Pacific. 

The dream of Columbus, of Franklin, of De 
Lesseps will be realized in the consummation of 
what they strove for and failed to accomplish. A 
wiser Providence than they could comprehend 
checked the ambition of Spain, of England, and of 
France. To America He has entrusted the key 
which is to unlock the influite possibilities of the 

The Bugle. 

TT HAS been afSrmed often, and with some 
-^ truth, that the smaller colleges contain a 
rougher element than do the larger institu- 
tions; that there is less refinement and cult- 
ure in the smaller colleges, and that the 
sport is of a rougher order. 

Bowdoin is proud to say that she can no 
longer have hazing placed in the catalogue 
of her shortcomings, and that as she grows 
older the ruder element of fun grows less 
and less common. All of us desire to see 
our Alma Mater ranked among the first col- 
leges of the land, and we rejoice when any 
good fortune falls to her lot. Although the 
abolition of hazing, and like barbarities of a 
past generation, may rob us of some Sopho- 
moric amusement, yet a loyal son of the 
college cannot help feeling joyful over the 
fact that, by the elimination of these 
things, the college gains in prestige and 

One relic of barbarism yet remains, and 
while it does remain the above accusations 
hold true to the letter. I have reference to 
no Bugle in particular, but to all in general, 
for in each and every one, of late years at 
least, there is a spirit of bitter unkindness 

which works much to the book's disadvan- 
tage, when compared with similar publica- 
tions from other colleges. 

Without injuring the Bw/le in the least, 
many of the really unkind "slugs" could be 
left out, and the omission would not only 
raise the standard of the volume, but also in- 
crease its popularity. 

Unkind and brutal remarks about fellow- 
students do not enhance the value of the 
Bugle. They only serve to make the person 
meant miserable, if he is of a sensitive dis- 
position, and moreover can be of no gratifi- 
cation to the student body in general. They 
cause only momentary amusement and much 
after criticism. 

The writer has no fault to find with the 
way in which the Bugle has treated him, but 
merely offers this as a well-meant criticism 
on the fa,lse ideas which apparently have 
had such a strong hold on the Bugle editors 
of recent years. 

Prize Awards. 
Brunswick, Me., April 19, 1893. 

THE Committee requested by the Orient 
Board to award prizes for the best and sec- 
ond best story, and for the best poem, published 
in Volume XXII. of the Bowdoin Orient, 
reports as follows: The best story, "The 
Landing of the 'Pilgrim'," page 271; the 
second-best story, "A Visitor from a Century 
Hence," page 108; the best poem, "To-Mor- 
row," page 277, with honorable mention 
of "Beyond," page 250, and "Desolation," 
page 154. 

The members of the Committee warmly 
commend the enterprise shown by your man- 
agement in stimulating literary competition, 
and express their satisfaction at the number 
of poems and stories offered. They would 
especially approve much of the work done 
in the more difficult department of poetical 
composition. With cordial good wishes for 


the long-continued prosperity and success of 
the Orient, we remain, 

Very sincerely yours, 

Edward B. Mason, 
Wm. a. Houghton, 
Barrett Potter. 

>fpe |^e§§i0pfimi§1;. 

TT IS painful to the orderly mind to note 
-*■ the manner in which certain students use 
the college campus as a waste-basket and 
general dumping ground. Bowdoin has a 
beautiful campus which, when neatly kept, 
is a credit to the college, the town, and the 
state. Mr. Booker uses more than ordinary 
care in his endeavor to keep the grass in good 
condition, and with a little help from the 
students he might succeed. But a walk by 
the dormitories will reveal strewn on the 
grass beneath the windows a most unsightly 
array of waste-paper, old shoes, bottles 
(empty), soup-cans, and all the debris usu- 
ally found in a city "dump "; and this supply 
is renewed as fast as the stuff is removed. 
Have some pride in the physical beauty of 
your Alma Mater; in keeping her where she 
is, the best, the richest, and the most attrac- 
tive institution of learning which our state 
contains. Such a pride is pardonable ; yea, 
it is commendable. Let the friends and 
visitors to Bowdoin become impressed with 
the idea of a high spirit of co-operation be- 
tween students and faculty, in keeping the 
college clean within and without, and you 
have formulated a very important principle 
of future prosperity. 


In these days of hberal education and 
universal enlightenment one hears much 
about broad-mindedness as a prime factor in 

a successful career. And if this be true of 
life in the business world it is also true in 
the college world of which we form a part. 
Don't be narrow ; be broad, liberal-minded. 
This means, also, be unselfish. Learn to be 
blind to the minor fault, and observe only 
the good in a man. Like a man for what 
there is in him to attract you ; eliminate 
from view, so far as possible, all that is other- 
wise. Don't be too ready to say, " I don't 
like him." There are exceptions to all rules, 
but few men lack an attractive side, however 
obscure that may be. Then look for that 
side ; strive to bring it to light, and help him 
to develop it ; sacrifice your feelings a little 
and control your temper a great deal, and in 
many cases you will discover a good friend 
and profitable acquaintance in him who was 
before only a disagreeable bore. Your col- 
lege life will be pleasanter, your whole organ- 
ization will be strengthened. Don't be 

" narrow." 


The next one of Pessioptimist's " don'ts " 
is. Don't be a bore ! Don't get in the habit 
of calling on your neighbors when you know 
they are engaged in study. Don't, in &uy 
event, prolong your calls to a tiresome length. 
Make them short. Say what you have to 
sfiy in a social way pleasantly and cleanly, 
and say good-day even when you know you 
are wanted longer. Why? Because next 
week you will get a cordial reception, and 
they will listen for your knock with pleasure. 
The alarm clock will not "go off" every 
hour and the-lamp will not grow suggestively 


* * * * * 

The Senior division in Sociologj^ has not 
yet ceased laughing at the witty remark of 
one of its members. When asked which was 
the lowest class of society this man arose 
steadily to his feet, and looking the Prof. 
straight in the eye, said, " The Freshman 
class, sir ! " 


I^hgme ai?d I^eagorp. 


A mystery lurks within my brain, 
Puzzling — let no one doubt it. 
'Tis how a bard can sing of love 
And yet know naught about it. 

A Memory. 

It would not ever be the same 

Could I forget, 
A thrill to greet thy whispered name, 
An afterglow of quenchless flame, 
The faith that was ere unfaith came 

Would linger yet. 

Thy vision still would fill my thought, 

And pain beget. 
For gifts the fair hope-children brought. 
The house of love with yearning sought. 
The palace fairy hands had wrought 

Have dream-life yet. 

And mem'ries sweet of days long past 

Like torches set 
In night, would shine, and shadows cast 
Their long, dark fingers o'er the vast 
Untrodden way 'mid icy blast 

Of wild regret. 

Perhaps, when weary years are sped 

And eyes are wet 
With all the tears the fountain-head 
Could give — love's ashes cold and dead — 
When all the bitterness has fled, 

I shall forget. 

Battle-Field Flowers. 

(From the Frenah.) 

While we have carried on the war 
The sun has hastened on the spring, 
And flowers blonra where, time not far. 
The foemen made their death's strokes rinf 

Despite the dead that strew them o'er, 
Despite the awful nourishment, 
They bloom as pure as e'er before, 
And give as fresh and sweet a scent. 

How is the violet blue and sweet. 
How is the lily's whiteness good. 
How still and white the marguerite. 
When all the earth is filled with blood ? 

0, when the sap that makes them grow 
Is only blood that men have shed. 
How can they but, when opening, show 
A carmine stain or dash of red ? 


Foolish misses give their kisses 
Free and easy, day by day; 

Often wondering, often pondering 
As to why they single stay. 

Crafty misses keep their kisses 

Till they have upon their hand 
Love's outspoken diamond token 
■ In a solid golden band. 

Ledyard, ex-'95 and ex- 
'96, now a special at the 
Maine State College, called on his 
former classmates here last week. 

Dovvnes, '92, was gladly welcomed 
on his visit to the college last week. 
Cole, '88, was in town recently. 
Emory, '92, visited friends in college recently. 
Humphry, '90, was on the campus last week. 
W. W. Hubbard, '90, was on the campus recently. 
Anderson, '94, is back again after a brief illness. 
Wilbur, '94, is winning laurels as a pedagogue 
in Dresden. 

Moore, '95, who taught in Ellsworth during the 
winter, has returned. 

Ordway, '96, returned the first of the term after 
several weeks' sickness. 

Drew and Goding, both of '91, were here a few 
days during vacation. 

A. Chapman, '94, returned to college last week 
I after a month's illness at home. 


Shaw, '95, has accepted a position for the spring, 
as teacher, in Conway, N. H. 

W. W. Thomas, 2d, '94, who lost nearly all last 
term by sickness, has returned to college. 

Quite a number of the Seniors are availing 
themselves of this term's course in teachers' Latin. 

The smallest class in college at present is the 
one in Histology, which contains but three members. 

We regret to learn that B. L. Bryant, '95, is 
dangerously ill with typhoid fever, at his home in 
Lowell, Mass. 

A large number from the college attended the 
concert by Gilmore's Band, at the Town Hall, 
April 18th. 

Clough, '96, was called to his home in Kenue- 
bunkport last week by the sudden death of his 

Ackley, Fessenden, Libby, and Minot, all of '96, 
who were out during the winter term, are back 
again with their class. 

Quite a number from the college witnessed the 
Fast-Day game in Portland, and all were delighted 
by the showing of our team. 

J. H. Hastings, '91, visited old friends a day or 
two the first of the term while on his way to the 
Harvard Medical School. 

Seven Juniors are doing the spring's work in 
practical Astronomy, while in the two years past 
only two have been in this class. 

Simpson, '94, has accepted the position of prin- 
cipal of the Boothbay Harbor High School, and will 
not return to college until next fall. 

Payson, '93, acted as usher at a recent Portland 
wedding in which his cousin, Herbert Payson, and 
Miss Sally Brown were the principals. 

Professor Chapman has announced "Shake- 
speare, as a Man, Poet, and Dramatist," as the sub- 
ject in the contest for the Pray Literature prize. 

Several students have secured positions in 
various capacities at the Columbian Exposition 
which will keep them in Chicago several months. 

The local photographers are busy now with 
various class, delegation, and group pictures. Reed 
has contracted for the class pictures of the Seniors. 

A recent call for a meeting of the prohibitionists 
in college did not meet with a very enthusiastic 
response, from which several conclusions might, be 

Recently a precocious Sophomore, while eating 
soup composed of the harmless bivalves usually 
called clams, astonished his table companions by 
remarking that the clam was a " unipod." 

Brennan's Star Theatre Co. held the boards at 
Town Hall each night of the opening week of the 
term, and there was quite a ran by the students on 
the 10-cent seats. 

With the generous help of local advertisers, 
Manager Clifford has prepared tasty score cards, 
which will be offered for sale at all games played by 
the nine this spring. 

Quimby, '95, who has been doing scientific work • 
for the Columbian Exposition during the winter in 
Indian Territory, Arizonia, and California, returned 
to college last week. 

H. DeF. Smith, '91, was in town last week on 
his way to Rockland to begin his new work as 
principal of the city grammar school. His old 
position as sub-principal in the high school will be 
filled by Munson, Colby, '92. 

At a meeting of the Sophomore class, last week, 
W. S. A. Kimball was elected manager of the class 
rowing association, and G. L. Kimball and Jackson, 
directors. It is probable that the crew which will 
row against the Freshmen, later in the spring, will 
be made up of Denison, Stubbs, Mitchell, and Mead. 

The Freshman ball team have elected Merrill 
captain in place of Soule, who is still quite danger- 
ously ill. Quite a number of men are practicing 
and are showing up well. Manager Ordway has 
arranged games with the Colby Freshmen and 
several high school teams. 

Quite an interest was manifested in the second 
election for mayor in Portland, as both candidates 
have sons here, and the students from that city, 
who are voters, remained at home to do their duty 
at the polls. When the result was known Baxter, 
'94, received many congratulations upon his new 
hereditary honor. 

The Freshmen, after several conflicting decisions 
and extensive negotiations with the Juniors, have 
voted to buy the shell of the latter class and to put 
a crew into training. A. G. Hebb was elected 
manager, and J. H. Bates, captain. French, Baker,- 
Merriman, and Coburn are among the most promis- 
ing candidates now practicing on the river. 

The list of preliminary Commencement appoint- 
ments has been announced as follows, the list 
containing the first ten in rank for the course : 
Frank Russell Arnold, Weston Percival Chamber- 


lain, George Scott Chapin, Milton Sherburne Clif- 
ford, Arthur Sewall Haggett, Charles Heni-y 
Howard, Albert Savage Hutchinson, John Shepard 
May, John Higgins Pierce, and Charles Hale Savage. 
Professor Woodruff has made a new arrange- 
ment in Freshman Greek. Instead of keeping up 
the alphabetical division of the class this term, 
with the same work for both divisions as usual, the 
class is made up of two new divisions ; one, con- 
taining those who will continue the study of Greek 
next year, is at work upon Euripides's satyric 
drama, "The Cyclops," and Greek composition, and 
the other, consisting of those who drop the lan- 
guage at the end of this term, is taking New Tes- 
tament Greek. 

The '68 prize speaking occurred Thursday even- 
ing, March 30th. Following were the speakers and 
their subjects : 

The Uses o£ the Newspaper, M. S. Clifford. 

Mirabeau ami the Revolution, A. A. Hussey. 

The Uses of Astronomy, G. S. Chapin. 

Labor Organization, H. C. Fabyan. 

A Problem of Four Centuries, C. W. Peabody. 

Public and Parochial Schools, G. H. Howard. 

Chapin was absent through sickness. The judges 
were Dr. Gerrish, of Portland, Barrett Potter and 
Weston Thompson, of Brunswick. The prize was 
awarded to C. W. Peabody. 


Bowdoin opened the season at Portland, Fast 
Day, by a game with the Portland league nine. 
Owing to the illness of Allen, Flavin, a local player, 
caught for Bowdoin. The battery work of both 
teams was especially good. Farrington and Plaisted 
held the heavy-hitting Portlands down to four 
singles, a remarkable record. Savage and Hutch- 
inson carried off the fielding honors for Bowdoin. 
Over two thousand people saw the game. The 
score : 


A.B. R. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Deady, l.f i 1 1 1 1 

Madden, 2b., 5 1 1 3 3 

Mains, p., lb., .... 3 1 1 i 5 

Hayes, c.f., c, .... 3 1 5 2 

Burns, 3b., ..... 3 1 3 2 
Klobedanz, p., 2b., ..3000450 

Piatt, c, c.f 3 7 1 

Webster, p., r.f 4 1 1 1 3 2 

Parrott, p., r.f 3 2 2 

Totals 31 3 4 4 27 23 5 


A.E. B. E.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Fairbanks, 3b., .... 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 

Savage, lb 4 1 113 3 

Flavin, c, 4 2 2 9 

Hutchinson, s.s 3 3 

Hinkley, l.f 3 1 1 

Sykes, 2b 3 1 1 1 1 

Chapman, c.f 3 1 1 

Williams, r.f 4 

Farrington, p 2 5 

Plaisted, p., 2 5 1 

Totals, 30 2 7 7 24 17 2 

1 2 3 4 .5 7 8 9 
Portland, ....00110100 x— 3 
Bowdoin 01000000 1—2 

A return game at Brunswick was arranged for 
Saturday, but was prevented by bad weather. 

The showing made by the team in the Portland 
game was extremely gratifying. If the present 
good work is maintained, with some improvement 
in batting, we may expect the pennant. 


The management now intends to hold the Field- 
Day sports several weeks earlier than — say 
May 13 or 17 — in order to pick the men who will 
represent Bowdoin at the intercollegiate meet at 
Worcester, May 24th. It is to be regretted that 
more men are not in training for the various events, 
but those who are working are rapidly improving, 
and will surely break several Bowdoin records in 
the Field-Day contests. 

With this term the Bowdoin Y. M. C. A. begins 
a new year. It is worthy of notice also that with 
the close of last year the Association completed the 
first decade of its history. During these years it 
has been a recognized factor in the life of the col- 
lege, and though the work accomplished in this 
period may not have been entirely satisfactory, it 
certainly has proved the right of the Association 
to occupy a large place in the sympathy of Bow- 
doin men. 

The Y. M. C. A. here in college stands for a 
positive and important need, a need that ought to 
be plain to every man who desires to make the most 
of himself, the need of personal religious culture. 
No man who, along with his training in other 
branches, neglects to educate himself in this direc- 



tion, has completed that larger education which 
represents the broadest and fullest manhood. This 
was Phillips Brooks's great message to the world: 
the message that religion is not so much an assent 
to creeds as the development of a life. It is some- 
thing that may be added to the life of all men, and 
its addition makes their lives grand and beautiful. 
A man without rehgion is not complete; he stands 
like the statue of Galatea, wanting only one thing- 
life, the divine life. In this strange problem of 
our life we are so apt to leave God out, and this no 
man can do without hurt to himself. Look at men 
as we find them here in college or elsewhere. From 
among them who do we choose as representing the 
highest type of manhood? Perhaps, at first, we 
take the brightest scholar, and he for the time rep- 
resents the highest excellence attainable; we 
admire him and wish to become like him. Then 
there comes the thought that scholarship is not 
all of life; sometimes we see keenness of intel- 
lect and the most brilliant talents coupled with 
everything that is bad in human nature, and then 
we turn to look for some grander man than the mere 
scholar. Or again, in our desire for excellence, we 
may be led to the shrine where so many men of 
to-day are worshiping— Apollo's shrine— and we 
wonder if in finding the perfect human body we 
shall not have found our ideal man. But here also, 
though we may linger long in admiration, we are 
at last compelled to acknowledge that our great 
athlete, considered as merely beautiful in form and 
perfect in health, but barren of other and finer 
qualities, does not stand for the highest manhood; 
he approaches it but something is yet lacking. 

And then some day there comes a man who 
stands before us rich in the full possession and 
development of mind, body, and soul, and here 
our search for excellence ends. We feel that here 
indeed is the true completeness of life, here the 
largeness of manhood that makes life radiant and 
hopeful and brave. Here, then, is the " vision beau- 
tiful," here is fixed the goal that should be the object 
of all our endeavor. To combine in perfect pro- 
portion these three elements, intellectual, physical, 
and spiritual, is to produce one "upon whom every 
god does set his seal to give the world assurance 
of a man." It is in this spirit that the Y. M. C A. 
should be considered; it is not to be tolerated 
merely, but to be used as an institution for the 
purpose of educating and developing the largest and 
best men. 

Cornell offers a course in Russian language and 

"25 —Mr. William Wil- 
lard is painting the portrait 
of ex-United States Senator Hon. J. 
W. Bradbury for Memorial Hall. He 
has also painted the portraits of General 
0. 0. Howard, '50, ex-President Chamber- 
lain, '53, e.K-President Harris, and others. 

'36.— The Portland Transcript recently published . 
in the " Pillars of Portland " series, which it is con- 
ducting, an interesting sketch of "Hon. George F. 
ED:ery, Lawyer and Editor." " Born on Paris Hill 
in 1817, he fitted for college under Rev. Thomas T. 
Stone, now the oldest living graduate of the pollege, 
and entered at the age of fifteen. After graduation 
he studied law and entered into partnership with his 
father, Hon. Stephen Emery. In 1846 he removed 
to Portland and opened a law office. The next 
year he was largely instrumental in the election of 
his brother-in-law, Hannibal Hamlin to the Senate. 
From 1848 to 1876 he served as clerk of the U. S. 
Circuit Court. After resigning this position he 
became editor of the Boston Post, adhering to the 
sound money doctrine through all the greenback 
fever which prevailed so extensively in the later 
.seventies. In 1881, after his resignation of the 
Post editorship, he returned to Portland, where he 
now resides. Last year he received the degree of 
iLl.D. from Colby University, conferred, as be is 
accustomed humorously to say, in recognition of bis 
consistency as a life-long Democrat. He is particu- 
larly ready and happy as an after-dinner speaker, 
and also has written occasional graceful poems that 
betray a strong natural poetic tendency." 

'37.— Hon. L. D. M. Swett and Mrs. Swett are on 
their way borne from Egypt, via Ceylon, India, and 
Japan. On their return they will have completed 
the circuit of the world, as they sailed originally 
from New York to Italy. 

'43. —The class of '43 will celebrate the 50th an- 
niversary of their graduation at Brunswick during 
Commencement week in June next. Hon. William 
Dummer Northend of Salem, Mass., Hon. George 
C. Swallow of Helena, Montana, Hon. George P. 
Waldron of Pierre, South Dakota, William A. Good- 
win of Portland, Hon. William R. Porter of Cam- 
bridge, Mass., and Charles M. Cumston of Mon- 



mouth are among the surviving members of this 

'44. — Charles W. Larrabee, Esq., of Bath, has 
been nominated by President Cleveland as Collector 
of the Port of Bath. 

'50. — Prof. Charles C. Everett, of Harvard, has 
an article on Phillips Brooks in the Harvard Grad- 
uates' Magaeinc for April. 

'60. — The Portland Transcript, in a recent issue, 
thus characterizes Hon. Joseph W. Symonds : "In 
brief. Judge Symonds is not only a representative 
lawyer and typical judge, but presents the highest 
example among us of refined literary culture. His 
occasional addresses excel in aptness, amplitude of 
illustration, felicity of reference, and all the pro- 
prieties of the occasion. When the Judge rises to 
speak, all present are confident that he will say the 
right thing in the right way. He is unlike many 
fluent speakers in that he is never extravagant in 
language or confused in thought. He is always self- 
poised and self-contained, and never weakens his 
eulogy of a person or cause by over statement and 
exaggerated epithets. Judge Symonds has been an 
overseer of the college for many years. His oration 
before the alumni in 1878 will long be remembered 
as one of the most eloquent ever delivered at Com- 

'60. — On the evening of Friday, April 14th, Col. 
A. W. Bradbury gave an informal talk before the 
Portland Fraternity upon " Columbus and the Co- 
lumbian Year." 

'60. — Judge Putnam made the merchants' club 
of Boston smile at their dinner on Thursday night, 
April 6th. Hon. T. N. Hart, the postmaster, was 
president of the evening. "Judge Putnam was 
announced as being present, but at his request 
President Hart said he would not be called upon to 
speak. He invited the company to drink to the 
health of the Judge. Judge Putnam could but rise 
and replied : 'I prepared a speech, but in company 
with the resignation of the postmaster of Boston it 
got lost.' " 

'60. — The famous gun of the Boxer was delivered 
to Gen. C. P. Mattocks, in Portland, Monday. It 
will be on exhibition in the Maine building at the 
World's Fair. 

'61. — Mr. Edward Stanwood, of the Youth's Com- 
panion, delivered the opening lecture in the course 
planned by the Massachusetts Society for Promot- 
ing Good Citizenship. His subject was, " The News- 
paper and Our Young People." 

'61. — Judge Emery, who presides in Penobscot 
County, this term, has inaugurated a reform in the 

opening of court, which will save the county sev- 
eral hundred dollars. He ordered the jurors sum- 
moned for Thursday instead of the first day of the 
term, so as to get business started and have some- 
thing for them to do when they arrive. Usually the 
court does not get at a case for the consideration of 
the jury during the first two days. 

Medical, '61.— Dr. T. C. McLellan, of Bucksport, 
died recently. 

Medical, '66. — The Lewiston Journal, of Satur- 
day, April 22d, publishes an interesting sketch of 
Dr. Alonzo Boothby, of Boston. 

'70.— Hon. John B. Redman has taken a second 
trip to Boston to plead for a pardon for Eugene B. 
Treworgy, who is serving a term of imprisonment 
in Massachusetts. Treworgy is a native of Surry, 
and many persons have signed petitions asking for 
his pardon. 

'72.— Hon. Herbert M. Heath, of Augusta, will 
deliver the address at Calais, on Memorial Day, at 
•the unveiling of the new soldiers' monument. 

'73. — The vacancy which existed in the Supreme 
Court of Maine, caused by the death of the late 
Judge Virgin, has been filled, and well filled by the 
appointment of Hon. Andrew P. Wiswell to the 
place. In making the nomination Governor Cleaves 
fittingly recognized the dignity and great impor- 
tance of the position and the worth of the man 
whom he designated to fill it. He paid a high com- 
pliment to the legal acquirements of Mr. Wiswell 
and the judicial qualities of his mind and heart. 
Judge Wiswell was born a lawyer. His father 
before him, Hon. Arno Wiswell, was one of the 
most prominent and well-read lawyers in the State, 
while his uncles, Hon. John A. Peters and the late 
Geo. S. Peters, were eminent for their legal lore 
and acumen. Andrew P. Wiswell was born in 
Ellsworth, in 1852, and has always resided there. 
He graduated from Bowdoin College in the class of 
'73, and soon after was admitted to -the bar. He 
was judge of the Ellsworth Municipal Court from 
1878 to 1881, and National Bank Examiner for 
Maine from 1883 till the time of his resignation in 
1886. He was a delegate to the National Republi- 
can Convention in 1884, and presided over the ex- 
citing Maine Republican State Convention of 1888 
at Portland, with great ability. He was elected 
to the Legislature in 1887 and re-elected in 1888 
and 1890, serving as chairman of the judiciary com- 
mittee on the part of the House, and during his last 
term as Speaker. He proved a vigorous debater 
and an ideal presiding officer. He was one of the 



leading candidates for Congress in the contest in 
the Third Maine District last summer. 

72. — Lieutenant Peary was ia New York about 
the middle of the month to make final arrange- 
ments about his next Greenland trip. 

'83— Rev. Edward F. Wheeler, formerly of North 
Wilbraham, Mass., has recently been settled over 
the Church of the Redeemer (Congregationalist) at 
St. Louis, Missouri. 

'84. — The engagement of John A. Waterman to 
Miss Emma C. Shirley, of Portland, is announced. 
Mr. Waterman has recently, moved from Brunswick 
to Gorham, where he has taken his father's law 
office. He has recently been elected cashier of the 
Gorham National Bank. 

'80. — Levi Turner, Jr., Esq., has accepted an 
invitation to deliver the Memorial Day address be- 
fore the Weld Sargent G. A. R. Post of Boothbay 

Medical, '90. — In the recent playing of Mikado 
in Portland, by an amateur company. Dr. Harry G. 
Nickerson took the part of Nanki-Poo. He was 
very successful, and won great applause from the 

'92. — Mr. William B. Kenniston, principal of the 
Cornish High School, is thus spoken of in the re- 
port of the Supervisor of Schools: "Mr. Kenniston 
has the many qualities necessary to make a success- 
ful teacher. He is always interested in his school, 
making eiScacious plans for the improvement of the 

'92. — Columbia College has awarded a Univer- 
sity Fellowship in Social Science to Mr. Henry 
Crosby Emery of Ellsworth. The emoluments are 
free tuition and $.500 per year. 

Alpha Delta Phi Hall, March 31, 1893. 

In the death of J. Evarts Pearson, class of '96, 
this society has sustained an irreparable loss. His 
marked ability, his genial disposition, and his con- 
scientious devotion to right had secured for him the 
respect of all with whom he was associated, and 
had particularly endeared him to us with whom 
association had been so close and intimate. It is 
especially sad for one whose promise was so bright 
to be stricken down, but his example should be an 
inspiration to us who remain. Young as he was, in 
this he had served a very useful end. Therefore, be it 

Besolved, In token of our respect and love, the 

lodge room and badge of the society be draped in 
mourning for the space of thirty days ; 

Besolved, That our deepest sympathy be tend- 
ered the parents and friends of the bereaved, and 
that a copy of these resolutions be sent to them 
and to the Orient. 

Chas. H. Savage, 
Joseph H. Robeets, 
Eaele H. Ltpord, 

Committee for the Fraternity. 

Whereas, We, the members of the class of '96 
of Bowdoin College, have been caused in the provi- 
dence of God, to mourn the death of our highly 
esteemed classmate, J. Evarts Pearson, 

Besolved, That while reverently acknowledging 
the infinite wisdom of God, we deeply regret the 
removal of a classmate from our midst whose 
Christian virtues and manly qualities endeared him 
to all who knew him ; 

Besolved, That we extend to his family our 
heartfelt sympathy in the loss of one whose career 
had opened so brightly ; 

Besolved, That a copy of these resolutions be 
sent to the family of the deceased, and to the 
Brunswick Telegraph and Botvdoin Orient for 

E. H. Ltpoed, 
J. B. Thompson, 
C. A. Knight, 

F. B. Smith, 


i At a meeting of the class of '94, of the Medical 
School of Maine, the following resolutions were 
adopted : 

Whereas, We have been called upon to mourn 
the death of our esteemed classmate, George A. 
Evans, be it 

Besolved, That in his death the class loses one 
of its brightest members; 

Besolved, That his life was such that all might 
profitably pattern by it, and that his death will be 
sincerely mourned by all who knew him ; 

Besolved, That a copy of these resolutions be 
sent to the family of the deceased. 

Arthur S. Gilson, 
Walter J. Watson, 
James M. Bodwell, 

Committee for the Class. 



Book l^eview§. 

(Sheldon's American History. Teacher's Man- 
ual.) By Mary Sheldon Barnes, Assistant Professor 
oi'Modern History in Leland Stanford ; formerly Pro- 
fessor of History at Wellesley. D. C. Heath & Co., 
Boston.) The distinction of this book is that 
Columbus, Washington, Boone, and other makers 
of America have been its chief authors, the editors 
having thrown in only such connections and made 
such omissions as were necessary to make a short 
and continuous narrative. The book is extracted 
from the very sources of history, and forms in itself 
a small collection of these sources. It is divided 
into seven groups of lessons, each group dealing 
with one of the large aspects of our history. 
Intended, as it is, for a teacher's manual, it is an 
excellent book for those whose work is to instruct 
beginners in history. The good points of these 
studies are, that they deal with historic records and 
use these sources as the means of genuine study, 
beside demanding of the pupil independent thought 
and expression, instead of merely repeating the 
words of others. The book is neatly bound and 
of a handy size. Price 60 cents. 

(The Down East Master's First School. By 
Edward A. Rand, author of " Bark Cabin on Kear- 
sarge," "Tent in the Notch," "After the Freshet," 
etc. Boston: D. Lothrop Company.) 

This excellent and interesting story, written by^ 
a graduate of Bowdoin College, is the narrative of 
a Bowdoin student's experiences while teaching his 
first school "Down East," and of his life after- 
ward, which was influenced and partly governed by 
the associations formed there. The book will be 
exceedingly interesting to all college students, and 
especially to Bowdoin men. The author's style, as 
all know who have read any of his works, is easy, 
flowing, and very interesting. The chapters which 
describe " The Last Day," " Leave-taking," " The 
Grand Confederate Charge," are very fine. The 
closing chapter, " In the Hospital," where the young 
girl who had loved the hero when he was her 
teacher, finds him and nurses him back to health, is 
the fitting close to a good book and one well worth 
the reading. 

(Le Barhier de Seville, edited by Spiers. D. C. 
Heath & Co., Boston.) 

This handy little volume is a worthy number of 
Heath's Modern Language Series. The text is 

prefaced by an admirable sketch of Beaumarchais 
as a man and as a writer, and the notes are all that 
could be desired. 




If a planet meet a planet 
Coming thro' the sky, 

Need a planet change a planet 
In velocity ? 

If a planet meet a planet 

In conical gyration, 
Need a planet cause a planet 

Any perturbation ? 

The annual contest of the Colorado State Ora- 
torical Association was held February 17th, at 
Trinity M. E. Church, Denver. Denver University, 
Colorado College (Colorado Springs), and the Uni- 
versity of Colorado (Boulder) were represented. 
Mr. Frank W. Woods, of Colorado College, was 
awarded the first prize, and will represent the State 
at the Inter-State contest to be held at Columbus, 
Ohio. Colorado College furnished the state orator 
last year, also. 

Some interesting facts of Harvard life sixty years 
ago appear in the " Harvard Reminiscences" of the 
late Dr. Peabody. Each student was called on in 
every recitation, popular prejudice forbade all con- 
ferring with professors either before or after recita- 
tion, and Saturday afternoons in Boston were cut 
short by required presence at evening prayers. 

The Harvard- Yale debate will come off on May 
2d. The question is: "Resolved, That the time has 
now come when the policy of protection should be 
abandoned by the United States." 

Princeton has had nineteen new buildings added 
to her campus in the past twenty -five years. 

This year's Hasty Pudding play is entitled 
"Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, or the Sport, the 



Spook, and the Spinster." Words, music, and 
scenery are all the work of members of the club. 

An oratorical contest is to be held in Chicago, 
on June 30th, at which seventy-five colleges will be 

A bicycle club is being organized at Wellesley. 

The Cornell Daily Sun says : "If the winner of 
the Harvard-Yale boat race next summer refuses to 
row Cornell, Cornell will claim the championship of 
America, and endeavor to arrange an international 
match with the winner of the Oxford-Cambridge 

The Harvard and Columbia chess clubs are to 
play for the intercollegiate challenge chess cup. 

The list of inconsistencies, 
It seems, is never done. 
Now wliy should colors be called " fast " 
Whene'er they never run ? 

— Lehigh Burr. 

The vacation trip of the Harvard nine resulted 
in one victory, two defeats, and two ties. 

The twenty-one universities of Germany num- 
bers 27,602 students at the present moment, Berlin 
heading the list with 4,876. About a third of the 
total number are medical students. 

There are two Christian Endeavor societies in 
the Rangoon College Baptist Church, in Rangoon, 
Burma, one organized in the Burmese language and 
the other in the Karan. 

The following is a list of the ten largest univer- 
sities in the United States, with the membership 

of each : University of Michigan, 2,800; Harvard 
University, 2,500; Northwestern University, 2,000; 
Yale University, 1,969; Cornell University, 1,576; 
University of Wisconsin, 1,300; University of the 
City of New York, 1,200; Massachusetts Institute 
of Technology, 1,100; Princeton University, 1,061; 
DePauw University, 1,050. 


" Zat's not my name ! " Each morn I meet 
A little maiden trim and neat. 

From dainty hood, brown curls that stray, 
Large eyes, and cute nose retrousse, 
A charming maid, demure, petite. 

Her name I know not, and I greet 
With ancient names quite obsolete, 
That she with pretty pout may say, 
" Zat's not my name ! " 

" Jemima, Arabella sweet. 
Dear Sophronisba, I entreat 

Your favor; — Jane Belinda, pray 
Accept the greeting of the day." 
Again her smiling lips repeat, 
" Zat's not my name ! " 

—Trinity Tablet. 

Subscriptions are being collected for the Phillips 
Brooks house at Harvard. The purpose of the 
building is, principally, to furnish a home for the 
religious societies of the college, a practice room 
for the college choir, besides two large halls for 
general meetings. 

Laurie Bliss, of Yale, has been engaged by the 
Olympic Club of San Francisco to coach the foot- 
ball eleven this year. 


565 Congress St., - PORTLAND, ME. 



F'OFL arnEJ iPiiPEi. 



Vol. XXIII. 


No. 2. 





F. "W. PicKARD, '94, Managing Editor. 

F. J. LiBBY, '94, Assistant Managing Editor. 

B. L. Bryant, '95, Business Manager. 

H. E. Andrews, '94. A. G. Wiley, '95. 

B. M. Simpson, '94. j. c. Minot, '96. 

H. W. Thayer, '95. H. H. Pierce, '9fi. 

J. E. Dunning. 

Per annum, in advance. 
Single Copies, 

15 Cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained atthe bookstores or on applica. 
tion to tlie Business Manager. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Manager. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Rhyme and Ueason Department should be 
sent to Box 6, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should be sent to Box UO, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered lU the Post-Offloe at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 


Vol. XXiri., No. 2.— May 10, 189.3. 

Editorial Notes 15 

Was He a Coward ? 17 

Are we Overworked ? 18 

Extract from Constitution and Kules of N. E. I. A. A. 19 

President Hyde's Annual Report 20 

The Pessioptimist 21 

Rhyme and Reason: 

The Pursuit of the Ideal 21 

The Broken Vase, 22 

CoLLEGii Tabula, 22 

Athletics, 24 

Y. M. C. A . 26 

Personal, 26 

College World 27 

Spring has come ! The budding 
trees, the crowded tennis-courts, and the 
arrival at, the Orient sanctum of the first 
installment of spring poetry, sufficiently an- 
nounce its advent. Mr. Booker and his 
assistants have been busy assisting nature in 
the work of beautifying the campus, and the 
good results of this co-partnership are appar- 
ent in the improved condition of the paths 
and grass plots and the removal of the 
unsightly ash heaps near the various ends. 
Whether this improved condition of things 
is permanent or onl}'^ temporary depends 
upon us. Last year a severe criticism of the 
appearance of the college grounds, which 
appeared in one of the daily papers, caused 
considerable comment and was instrumental 
in rousing both Faculty and students to the 
necessity of a decided reform. Nature (and 
Mr. Booker) is doing her best for us. Let 
us do our part as well as we can. 

IT IS officially announced that Professor 
Wells will accept the chair of Sociology 
at Dartmouth, entering upon his duties there 
next September. During his three years' 
stay at Bowdoin,tProfessor Wells has gained 
the respect and esteem of the undergraduates, 
and his departure for his new field of work 
will be looked upon as a personal loss by 
students as well as Faculty. His interest 



in his subjects and his readiness to aid any 
who show themselves desirous of doing 
private work in his branches of study have 
been of inestimable assistance to many men. 
Bowdoin's loss will be Dartmouth's gain. 

Professor William MacDonald, who now 
occupies the chair of History and Political 
Economy in Worcester Polytechnic Institute, 
has been recommended to the Boards by the 
Committee on Vacancies. Professor Mac- 
Donald is 30 years of age, a graduate of 
Harvard, and before receiving his position 
at Worcester was dean of a department in a 
western university. He has recently visited 
the college and expresses himself as very 
much pleased with the outlook in his depart- 
ment and with the college as a whole. Both 
intellectually and socially Professor Mac- 
Donald would undoubtedly prove a valuable 
acquisition to Bowdoin's Faculty should he 
come here next fall. 

0WING to the serious sickness of our 
business manager, Mr. Bryant, mistakes 
in mailing the Orient may be more frequent 
this term than usual. We trust that any 
one who does not receive his paper regularly 
will notify us without delay. All subscrib- 
ers who are in arrears will confer a favor by 
remitting the amount due without further 

" \kT^^ three, lost none," is our enviable 
**■ record in the college league. One- 
third of the games have been played, and 
our nine has so far proved invincible. But 
we must not congratulate ourselves too soon. 
Our opponents are plucky, and no game is 
won until the last man is out. Before this 
number of the Orient appears the most 
important game of the season will have been 
played. If we are the winners, we ought 
surely to take the championship ; if we lose, 
we are still on equal terms with our rivals, 
who are beginning to realize that, if they 

are to defeat us, they must play good ball. 
The Orient unites with the graduates and 
undergraduates in wishing the team success. 

ToACK of available space prevents us from 
^ giving the entire constitution and rules 
of the New England Intercollegiate Athletic 
Association. In another column, however, 
will be found a few extracts which, we be- 
lieve, will be of interest. Before the next 
number of the Orient appears the team 
which will represent the college at the 
games of this Association will have left for 
the meet. The contests at Worcester will 
be far different from those in which our 
men have been accustomed to participate. 
Their opponents will represent the cream of 
the New England colleges — men who have 
had more experience and better training 
than have ours. Hence it will be nothing 
to be wondered at if Bowdoin scores few or 
no points. 

But the number of points to our credit 
is a secondary matter. To win we must 
have experience and confidence. Our rep- 
resentatives must become accustomed to the 
atmosphere of a meet, and must learn to 
accurately gauge their own strength. A 
/ defeat now may mean a victory next year. 
Above all, let every man realize that he is 
not working for an individual record, or 
posing for the benefit of the audience, but 
is sent by the college to reijresent the college, 
and that Bowdoin men all over the country 
look to him to sustain Bowdoin's reputation, 
not necessarily by winning, but by doing 
his best — by deserving to win. 

TT7HE outlook for the tennis season is very 
-■' bright. The college tournament ojjens 
with a good number of entries, and more 
than the usual amount of interest is mani- 
fested in the matches. The intercollegiate 
tournament in Portland will open May 30th, 
on the new courts of the Portland Athletic 



Club, which have been generously placed at 
our disposal, free of charge, by the executive 
committee of the club. Last year Bowdoin 
captured two of the three prize cups. This 
year it seems probable that all three will 
adorn the new Art Building. All of Bow- 
doin's last j^ear representatives are still in 
college, and several other players are pre- 
pared to make them work hard to retain 
their places. The management has decided 
to purchase a college cup, to remain the 
property of the college, the champion in 
singles having his name engraved on it each 
year. Our collection of trophies and cups 
is none too large and the prospect of sev- 
eral additions this year will be greeted with 

Was He a Coward ? 
uriEAR JOHN," the letter said, "you and 
'-^ I must be very honest with each other 
to-night, for I have a thing of great impor- 
tance to us both to say to you. You remem- 
ber, John, that almost exactly a year ago 
you told me of your love for me, and asked 
me to be your wife. We had grown up from 
babyhood together, you and I, and I had had 
no thought for any one else, and it seemed the 
most natural thing in the world that I 
should love you and be yours always. And 
John, on that night in the garden when I 
told you I loved you, I meant it; and I mean 
it now. But it has lately come to me to see 
that my past and present love was not what 
you asked for; not the affection which a 
woman ought to give her husband. And 
oh, John, I am so sorry, but in the past six 
months I have learned what it is to love, and 
that is why I write you to-day. You will 
understand, dear, that I am always your 
friend; that you will always be to me my 
best friend, my only brother. Don't blame 
Henry, it is not his fault, if fault there is. 
He did nothing till he saw that I was his 
instead of — any one else's. 

" We are to be married in May, and shall 
live at home. Don't let this hurt you, John 
dear, it is all for the best, and I couldn't 
come to you with a false love in my heart. 
Forgive me and Henry. It had to be. Don't 
let it trouble you, but be happy for my sake, 
for your own sake. Please tell me you don't 
think hard of me. Good bye. 

Ever your sincere friend, 

Helen M. Amoey." 

He laj^ the letter down slowly. " That 
night in the garden," would he ever forget 
it? Ah, how beautiful she was that night. 
Her face would haunt him till his dying day. 

"Don't let it hurt you try and be 

happy." He laughed bitterly. As if he could 
ever be happy again. Happiness must be to 
him hereafter an unknown word. 

"Ever your sincere friend." What a 
depth of mockery and utter hopelessness 
those words contained. He who was to have 
lived in wedded love by her side was now 
relegated to a place in that unmeaning list 
of "sincere friends." That was the worst 
stab of all. 

How close and hot it was in his rooms ! 
His head felt heavy, and his eyes smarted 
painfully. He arose and looked out of his 
daintily curtained window down on to the 
avenue where all was hurrying, metropolitan 
activity. What did that tiresome mob know 
of sorrow and trouble? They had never 
known and loved and lost his Nellie. And 
then, quick as light, the thought struck him 
that she was his no longer, and for a mo- 
ment he thought he was going to lose his 
senses, so terrible was his mental suffering. 

The busy street scene tired him and he 
turned wearily away from the window and 
sat again at his desk. For a long time he 
sat, rigid and immovable as marble, staring 
blankly into space. The big clock in the 
corner chimed the half-hour twice ere he 
raised his head. Then his appearance had 
changed. His face was pale and stern, and. 



showed unmistakable evidences of a battle 
fought and won within his heart of hearts. 
But his whole presence, his every movement, 
betokened a man with a purpose, and that 
set and unalterable as the mightiest mount- 
ain of the universe. He evidently had a 
task to perform, and that was to be done as 
quietly, and rapidly, and neatly, as possible. 

First he unlocked and opened a drawer 
in his desk, and took therefrom a heavy 
"Colt's" revolver of the army pattern, into 
one chamber of which he coolly inserted the 
regulation 44-caliber cartridge. This done, 
he placed the weapon before him on the 
desk, and taking pen and paper, commenced 
to write. It was to her, and this was what 
he read when he lay down his pen: 

"I love you. I always have, and so long 
as I am sensible of time, I always will love 
you. It is not for me to blame any one. 
From my heart I wish you perfect joy. Try 
and forget that I ever lived. Good-bye. 

John Hakwood." 

After re-reading hastily he folded this 
note, addressed it in his bold, steady hand, 
and placed it in a conspicuous position on 
his desk. But one more thing remained to 
be done. He took from his pocket a little 
leather case and lay it before him, but for a 
long time did not move to open it. 

Finally, however, he took it up gently, 
and taking from it the photograph, gazed at 
it long and earnestly. The big clock in the 
corner ticked on solemnly minute after min- 
ute, and still he sat there, the picture held 
tight in both hands as if to hold that from 
being taken away too, and his ej^es riveted 
on the sweet face so near his own. 

At length he moved a little, sighed deeply, 
and then pressing the picture very gently to 
his lips, threw it suddenly into the open coal 
fire that glowed and winked in the gather- 
ing twilight, where it vanished in brilliant 
, It was growing dark now. He looked 

once more from the window. Lights were 
beginning to flash out up and down the 
avenue; night was coming on apace. But 
it was naught to him, and he turned again 
to the room. Just one glance about him at 
its comfortable, almost luxurious, bachelor 
air. Then he stepped quickly to his desk. 
The revolver lay as he had placed it. He 
took it up, cocked it with steady hand, care- 
ful to see that its one loaded chamber was in 

position for firing, raised it slowly and as 

the deadened echo ceased ringing, the big 
clock ticked soberly on. 

Are We Overworked? 

POW many men in Bowdoin College study 
six hours a day? The schedule of the 
average student shows sixteen hours of reci- 
tation a week. A fair estimate, omitting 
lecture courses, for which little or no prep- 
aration is necessary, would be twelve hours 
actual recitation each week. A man of ordi- 
nary ability is supposed to spend two hours 
in preparing for each recitation hour, or from 
four to six hours a day, which, added to 
class-room work, gives a total of six to eight 
hours. But this represents what a man 
should do, rather than what the great 
majority actually does. One Junior states 
that no term since he has entered college, 
with a single exception, has he averaged 
over two hours a day of real " plugging," 
and several terms a single hour has been 
sufficient. Moreover, his rank has never 
fallen below second class in any study. A 
Sophomore claims that so far his college 
course has at no time been as difficult as 
was his course in the fitting school. 

On the other hand there are doubtless 
men in every class who constantly give from 
four to eight Iiours a day to their work, and 
who often spend an entire afternoon ou a 
single lesson. But the number of the latter 
class is few. Yet it is acknowledged that 
" Eight hours for work, eight hours for play, 



and eight hours for sleep," is a fair rule. 
The writer does not believe that of our stu- 
dents one-fourth give eight hours a day to 
his college work. 

Whose is the fault and what is the 
remedy? Our curriculum demands as many 
hours a week as that of any similar institu- 
tion ; our professors are surely not lacking 
in either ability or desire to aid and push 
their classes as much as can profitably be 
done. The fault must be in the men them- 
selves, and its correction must depend on 

Nevertheless much can be done by the 
Faculty. Attractive voluntary causes, such 
organizations as this year's German Club, 
and possibly a class of scholarships to which 
only those above a certain rank are eligible, 
would all be influential in checking the 
tendency to idleness which is certainly far 
too prevalent at the present time. 

Extracts from Constitution and 
Rules of the N. E. I. A. A. 

MEMBERSHIP in this association shall be lim- 
ited to New England colleges in good standing. 
Any contestant who enters his name for an 
event or events and does not appear in snch event, 
shall be fined one dollar, provided he does not send 
valid excuse to the chairman of the executive com- 
mittee before the Field Meeting. Each college 
association shall be responsible for the fines incurred 
by its members. 

An annual Field Meeting shall take place on the 
Wednesday before the last Saturday in May, at such 
place as the association shall decide at the pre- 
vious convention. The order of events shall be as 
follows : 

Track Events. 

lOO-yards dash, trial heats. 

Half-mile run. 

120-yards hurdle, trial heats. 

440-yards dash, trial heats. 

lOO-yards dash, final heat. 

Mile run. _ 

120-yards hurdle, final heat. 

Two-mile bicycle race. 

220-yards dash, trial heats. 

Mile walk. 

220-yards hurdle, final heat. 

Two-mile run. 

220-yards dash, final heat. 

Field Events. ^ 

Pole vault. 

Putting 16-pound shot. 
Running high jump. 
Throwing 16-pound hammer. 
Running broad jump. 

The cup shall be awarded to that college of the 
New England Intercollegiate Athletic Association 
which shall be champion from one Field Meeting to 
the next. 

That college shall be champion which shall win 
a plurality of points. 

Points shall be counted as follows : For first 
place, five points; for second place, three points; 
and for third place, one point. 

Fifty dollars (.$50) shall be appropriated annu- 
ally for the purchase of a banner to be presented to 
the champion college. 

Gold, silver, and bronze medals shall be awarded 
respectively to winners of first, second, and third 

A special record medal of gold shall be presented 
to any contestant who shall lower any New England 
Intercollegiate Athletic Association record. 


The height of the bar at starting and at each 
successive elevation shall be determined by the 
measurers. Three tries allowed at each height. 
Each competitor shall make one attempt in the 
order of his name on the programme. Displacing 
the bar counts as a try. 


The shot shall be a metal sphere weighing 
sixteen pounds. It shall be put from the shoulder 
with one hand, and during the attempt it shall not 
pass behind nor below the shoulder. It shall be 
put from a circle seven feet in diameter, two feet of 
whose circumference shall be a toe board four 
inches in height. Foul puts, which shall not be 
measured, are as follows : 

1. Letting go of the shot in an attempt. 

2. Touching the ground outside the circle with 
any portion of the body while the shot is in hand. 

3. Touching the ground forward of the front 
half of the circle with any portion of the body before 
the put is measured. Each competitor shall be 
allowed three puts, and the best three men in the 
first trial shall be allowed three more puts. Each 
competitor shall be credited with the best of all his 
puts. The measurement of the put shall be from 



the nearest edge of the first mark made by the shot 
to the point of the circumference of the circle 
nearest such mark. 


The hammer head shall be a metal sphere 
weighing sixteen pounds. The handle shall be of 
wood, and the combined length of the head and 
handle shall be four feet. The hammer shall be 
thrown from a circle seven feet in diameter. Foul 
throws, which shall not be measured but shall 
count as throws, are as follows : 

1. Letting go of the hammer in an attempt. 

2. Lifting from the ground the foot nearest the 
circumference of the circle, while the hammer is in 

3. Touching the ground outside the circle with 
any portion of the body, while the hammer is in 

4. Touching the ground forward of the front 
half of the circle with any portion of the body before 
the throw is measured. Each competitor shall be 
allowed three throws, and the best three men in the 
first trial shall be allowed three more throws. Each 
competitor shall be credited with the best of all bis 
throws. The measurement of the throw shall be 
from the nearest edge of the first mark made by 
the head of the hammer to the point of the circum- 
ference of the circle nearest such mark. 

President Hyde's Annual Report. 

Through the kindness of President Hyde we are 
able to quote in advance some of his remarks and 
recommendations. After referring to the loss the 
college will sustain owing to the departure of Pro- 
fessor Wells, and mentioning the qualifications and 
experience of his successor, he says : 

" The centenary of the college will be celebrated 
during Commencement week in 1894. The com- 
mittee appointed to prepare the programme for this 
celebration have secured Hon. Melville W. Fuller, 
of the class of 1854, Chief Justice of the United 
States, as the orator." 

All the will cases in which the college is inter- 
ested are progressing favorably, and there seems to 
be little doubt but that the college will secure all it 
is entitled to. The amount given and bequeathed 
to the college last year aggregated three-fourths of 
a million. 

The Fayerweather bequest has been appro- 
priated entirely to strengthening the weak points 

and inadequate equipment in work which was 
already established, and which without this aid we 
should have been compelled to carry on under 
cramped conditions and at a great disadvantage. 
One-half of the Garcelon bequest goes to the Medi- 
cal School. Much will be devoted to scholarships. 
The income from that bequest available for gen- 
eral college purposes will not exceed $8,000. 

Special endowments are needed for the library, 
and for the establishment of professorships of his- 
tory, of political and social science, and of geology 
and mineralogy. 

The need of a college dining hall and reading 
room are commented on, the estimated cost of such 
a structure as would be needed being about $10,000. 

Mr. Files will resume charge of the German de- 
partment next fall, and it is certain that additional 
advanced courses in French and German will then 
be offered. 

"The outlook for the college was never brighter 
than it is to-day. With our new gymnasium and 
observatory, our new art building and our new 
science building; with the dormitories remodeled 
as Maine Hall has been and the others will be at 
the earliest opportunity; with the new dining hall 
we hope to have, and the new recitation rooms 
which we shall fit up in Adams and Massachusetts 
Halls, adapted to the special needs of the depart- 
ments which are to occupy them ; with Memorial 
Hall at last provided with worthy tablets in memory 
of the graduates and students who served their 
country faithfully in its time of peril, and with the 
old chapel forever the same in its beauty and sub- 
limity; with a body of students gratefully appre- 
ciative of what the college is doing for them; with 
a young, vigorous, and harmonious Faculty perma- 
nently identified with the interests of the institu- 
tion, and with a body of alumni loyally devoted to 
its welfare, Bowdoin College will enter upon the 
second century of its existence with a material 
equipment, an educational policy, and a moral sup- 
port which will be a fitting crown to the achieve- 
ments of the past, and an inspiring incentive to 
the labor of the future." 

Princeton will send another scientific expedition 
West this summer to find fossil remains of prehis- 
toric animals. 

Tn the World's Fair exhibit of the University of 
the City of New York is the original telegraph battery 
and instrument used by Morse. There is also the 
first photograph ever taken of a human face. 



TITHE opening of the World's Columbian 
-*■ Exposition at Chicago, on the first day 
of this month, and the exercises connected 
therewith, have aroused a feeling of pride 
and enthusiam, and eagerness to behold it, 
in the hearts of all patriotic Americans. 
College men in particular will find much in 
the great spectacle- to interest and instruct. 
We have spent several years in the acquisi- 
tion of knowledge; a knowledge that ought 
to place us on a fair footing in the world, 
and in close touch with its intelligent peo- 
ple. But we have as yet only got the theory 
of it all. We may have dealt most wisely 
with the great public questions of the day; 
we may have studied deep into the problems 
of political economy, ethics, or social science, 
but so far as an application of these princi- 
ples to real human living goes, we have as 
yet done nothing. Therefore if we can by 
any possibility visit the great Fair, and see 
there the great mass of humanity from the 
planet's four corners, exhibiting the genus 
homo in all his multitudinous phases, we 
shall have in very truth the chance of a life- 
time, to throw away which will be an 
irreparable loss. 

* * * * * 
The terrific noise made by the "wood- 
ing-up" of certain collections of individuals 
evidently new to civilization, is a most pleas- 
ant addition to the daily recitations. Their 
fellow-students can but be entertained by 
the graceful antics of these demonstrative 
persons, while the professors regard it as the 
highest possible compliment to be paid to 
them, and are transported with delight at 
each new thunderous outburst. Visitors to 
the college halls are also most favorably 
impressed, and Bowdoin students will no 
doubt gain a reputation unsurpassed by any- 
other institution of the State. It is stated 

on good authority that the custom is now 
beginning to die out of the kindergartens 
and reform schools where it originated. 

There are certain students of Bowdoin 
College who evidently are possessed with a 
large and clearly-defined idea that the insti- 
tution and its adjuncts were endowed, built, 
and are now conducted for their especial 
benefit. This class of persons numbers 
among its members those who daily filch 
from the reading-room all the choice jour- 
nalistic bits, for private perusal. These stu- 
dents are no doubt too delicately organized 
to mingle with the common herd, and must 
needs gather up all the most desirable news- 
papers and magazines and retire with them 
to a more refined and literary atmosphere 
than the reading-room affords; but if they 
do not speedily consider that all men are 
endowed with certain inalienable rights, 
they will, in the words of Cicero, "Heah 
sumfin drap." 

I^bgme ar?d I^eagor;). 

The Pursuit of the Ideal. 

Far, far, 'noath southern skies he roved, 

Beside that classic titleless sea, 

O'er mountain tops that gods once loved 

And chose their cloud-wrapped home to be. 

And Athens's far-famed height he sought, 

Still crowned with monuments divine, 

Where mem'ries of an art that taught 

The men of old to quaft' the wine 

Of comeliness, in fadeless beauty shine. 

He roamed beneath the silvery sheen 

Of moonlight's robe, where echoes still 

In sporting, to the seven-hilled queen 

Repeat the gladiator's shrill 

Death-cry. And he was borne along 

The paths that thread the fair sea's bride. 

And listened to the mellow song 

Of boatmen, by the river side. 

Where summer's glow and cloudless skies abide. 



From viue-clad hills he watched the soft, 

Calm flow — the Fatherland's own stream. 

'Mid crumbling walls he wandered oft, 

Where castles fall in monld'ring dream. 

He gazed upon cathedral spire, 

Its grace, its form, and sought to hold 

Within his grasp the stained fire 

Which turned the pavement into gold. 

And decked the vestments rare with gems untold. 

The glittering domes allured his eye, 

The minarets of Eastern lands. 

And palms and columns lifted high. 

Where waters run 'midst burning sands, 

And erst the hand of man has raised 

Stupendous piles, that Litany might 

Be proud to claim. And oft he praised 

The faultless traceries, the light 

And graceful fashion of the prayer-tower's flight. 

He saw the beauteous, the best 

That man has wrought, the wide world round. 

Seeking in vain a longed-for rest. 

Till here at last his heart has found 

A spot to end his weary ways 

In this beauty contemplation, 

For now he loves to sit and gaze 

In unbounded admiration 

At the matchless Brunswick railroad station. 

The Broken Vase. 

The vase, where died this sweet vervain. 
Received to-day a little blow ; 
So slight the crack no trace is seen, 
Tet dripping, dripping, down below 
Flows soft but steady, hour by hour. 
The water placed with kindly thought 
To furnish life-sap to the flower. 
The vase is broken ; touch it not. 

Thus, oftentimes, a loved one's hand 
In touching breaks a human heart ; 
And all alone, unseen, unknown, 
Down through a fissure fine will start 
The drops of life-blood, day by day; 
And human eyes see not a drop, 
And know not why life does not stay. 
The heart is broken : toneh it not. 

Cornell has received $.50,000 for the erection of 
a new building for the use of the Sibley College of 
Mechanical Engineering. 

The Sophomores, realiz- 
ing that they will very 
soon be Juniors, have elected their 
Bugle editors as follows: W. S. A. 
Kimball, a A *; Allen L. Churchill, 
•f T; Allen Quimby, A K E; H. E. 
Holmes, z 'P; Frank H. Mead, e A X; Harry B. 
Russ, A T; and N. G. Jackson. 

MacDonald, '9J, visited town last week. 

Treasurer Young recently made a visit to 

Plumstead, '96, is teaching, and will not return 
this term. 

Quite a number of sub-Freshmen have been on 
the campus recently. 

Christie, '95, returned to college after taking a 
three weeks' vacation. 

Wiley, '95, and Hebb, '96, are confined to their 
rooms by the measles. 

Little, '89, now practicing law in Augusta, 
visited college recently. 

Dr. C. E. Adams, '35, now located at Ann Arbor, 
Mich., was in town last week. 

Pendleton, '90, was here Saturday, on a com- 
bined pleasure and business trip. 

Professor Smith of Yale, formerly of Bowdoin, 
visited old friends here last week. 

Dewey, '95, was called home for several days 
last week as witness in a law-suit. 

The A T fraternity is negotiating for the pur- 
chase of a tennis court on the campus. 

Bass, '96, will leave college about the first of 
June and go to Chicago for the summer. 

Andrews, '96, has recovered from his serious 
illness and will be back at college this week. 

Arbor Day has been appointed for Friday, May 
12th, and will as usual be a holiday for the college. 

" Esmeralda," presented by local talent and fol- 
lowed by a ball, attracted many students April 28th. 

President Hyde delivered an interesting address 
on "The Old and New Christianity," in chapel, 



In a practice game on the Plats, last Friday 
afternoon, the Brunswick High School nine beat the 
'96 team 12 to 9. 

Bryant, '95, has passed the crisis of his fever 
and is now considered out of danger, but will not 
return until next fall. 

Kyes, '96, goes to Chicago in a few days, where 
he has a good position for four months in the 
electrical department. 

Professor Lee went to New York last week to 
meet Mrs. Lee, who is just returning from a ten 
months' trip to Europe. 

The Freshman Debating Society has held its 
last meeting of the year, and will not resume active 
work again until next fall. 

The Freshman Greek class is required to hand 
in a theme ou "The Ancient and Modern Theater 
Compared," before June 1st. 

Many firms, by circular and postal, are now 
informing the students how they can easily make an 
honest dollar during the comiug vacation. 

Parker, '91, now athletic instructor at Brown, 
stopped off here an afternoon last week and coached 
the boys a little in their field-day training. 

The Freshman cre'w is receiving a serious set- 
back in its training, as Captain Bates has been 
compelled by illness to go home for a time. 

The Portland Advertiser of May 6th contained 
anotlier article in the interesting series by Baxter, 
'94, concerning his experiences among the Indians 
last summer. 

H. E. Andrews having resigned the position of 
second manager of the Base-Ball Association, a 
special meeting was called and W. W. Thomas, 2d, 
'94, was elected. 

0. W. Turner, '90, who graduated from the 
Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia on May 
2d, passed through town lately. Dr. Turner will 
settle in Augusta. 

Allen, '94, was sick at home for a short time, and 
fears were entertained that he could not resume his 
position behind the bat this season. Bates will 
testify that he has recovered. 

Bagley and Sheaff, '94, are the only students of 
the college who have explored the mysteries of 
Freemasonry. The order has quite a number of 
members in the Medical School. 

Professor Williaua McDonald, of Worcester Poly- 
technic Institute, who will succeed Professor Wells, 
on the latter's removal to Dartmouth next fall, 
spent several days here last week. 

As the. result of a recent Sophomore class meet- 
ing local showers have been quite prevalent of late, 
and some of the Freshmen are getting good train- 
ing in quick starting and sprinting. 

A pleasant change in the Senior Chemistry 
course is made by hour lectures delivered each 
Monday by Professor Robinson upon practical sub- 
jects suggested by members of the class. 

The Sophomore banquet will be held in Lewis- 
ton or Auburn May 26th. Most of the members of 
the class will remain there to witness the game 
between Bowdoin and Colby the next day. 

Julia Ward Howe of Boston and her daughter, 
Mrs. Laura Eichards of Gardiner, who is also a 
well-known authoress, visited the college last week. 
They were the guests of Professor Robinson while 
in town. 

It was recently announced in chapel by Presi- 
dent Hyde that all the legal contests concerning 
bequests recently made to Bowdoin, over which 
there was any dispute, have been decided in favor 
of the college. 

A walk to Harpswell to hear a sermon by Rev. 
Elijah Kellogg, one of Bowdoin's most famous 
alumni, is a delightful Sunday trip which several 
parties of students have taken and many more are 
planning to take. 

The second Sophomore themes of the term will 
be due May 19th. The following subjects are given : 
"Proper Use of the College Library," "Socialism 
in the United States," and "Who will Succeed 
Tennyson as Poet Laureate? " 

The first Sophomore themes of the term were 
due May .5th. The following subjects were given : 
"Admission to College by Certificate"; "Use and 
Abuse of the Pension System"; and "The Moral 
Elements of George Eliot's Adam Bede." 

"That's right; leave your horse behind; this is 
not a live-stock steamer ! " remarked Dr. Whittier 
to a member of the Freshman crew as the latter, 
on entering the shell, handed a certain valuable 
portion of his library to a friend on the slip. 

An able article from the pen of President Hyde 
on the observance of Fast-Day, appeared in a late 
number of the Congregalionalist. The manner of 
observance this year at the Brunswick Congrega- 
tional church was described and commended. 

Professor Woodruff was in Boston last week 
as the Bowdoin delegate to the Commission of 
New England Colleges ou Entrance Examinations. 
A prominent subject discussed was the substitution 



in the entrance requirements of more Attic Greek 
in place of Homer. 

Complete files of the Boston Advertiser for over 
thirty years ha^e been presented to the library by 
W. W. Dodge, Esq., of Cambridge, Mass. The 
gift is a valuable one, as it makes accessible a com- 
plete record of current events in the past few 
decades not otherwise in the hands of those using 
the library. The donor is the son of John C. 
Dodge, '34, an active life-long friend of Bowdoin 
and ex-Presideut of the Board of Overseers. Mr. 
Dodge has also recently presented the college with 
valuable fossils found by him near Vineyard Haven, 

Since '94 "packed the jury" numerous jokes 
have been appearing on the campus and in the 
Bugle regarding that august body. We quote a few 
lines from the WesJeyan Argus in regard to the 
jury system : "Members of such an organization are 
bound to become exceedingly unpopular, as is the 
case at Bowdoin. They cannot fail to be accused 
of injustice and become objects of dislike, or on the 
contrary it may result that no one will take such an 
odious position, and the election may go for men 
notoriously iuefQcieut." The above is respectfully 
submitted to '95's Bugle editors as a foundation for 
new slugs. 



Tvfts, 24; Bowdoin, 10. 

Bowdoin was badly beaten by Tufts on the Delta, 
Wednesday, the 26th. The game was rather unin- 
teresting and characterized by heavy batting and 
poor fielding. The score : 


A.B. E. B.H. T.E. P.O. A. E. 

Foss, 2b., 6 6 3 4 1 1 

Corridan, s.s 6 4 4 6 2 2 

Paynes, l.f 5 2 2 3 1 

Martin, lb., 2 2 3 10 

Clayton, c.f 5 2 1 1 2 

Mallet, c, 5 2 5 4 

Johnston, 3b., .... 5 2 1 2 2 2 3 

Pierce, p ..6 

Stroud, c.f., 5 4 2 2 4 1 1 

Totals 49 24 15 21 27 9 5 


A.B. R. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Fairbanks, 3b 4 1 1 1 1 2 3 

Savage, lb .4 1 1 1 9 00 

Hinkley, l.f., .... 5 1 2 2 3 2 

Hutchinson, s.s., ... 3 1 1 3 2 

Sykes, 2b 4 2 1 1 1 01 

Williams, r.f., .... 3 1 1 2 1 

Chapman, c.f., .... 5 2 2 2 1 1 

Allen, c, 5 2 3 10 2 

Farriugton, p., .... 1 1 1 

Plaisted, p., 2 

Totals 36 10 10 12 27 7 10 

Innings, ..123456789 

Tufts 10 0204152 0—24 

Bowdoin, ...82000000 0—10 

Bowdoin, 24; Bates, 6. 
Over a hundred men accompanied the team on 
their first trip, and saw Bates defeated in the first 
game of the college league. Bowdoin was first at 
the bat, and aided by Hofi'man's error made two 
runs, Bates securing one in her half of the inning. 
The second inning added three to Bowdoin's score. 
Bates drew a blank. From this time until the end 
of the game Bates played listlessly and succeeded 
in piling up fifteen errors. After the fifth, Mildram 
concluded that he had had enough, and gave way 
to Berryman, whose delivery exactly suited our men, 
two home runs and several singles being made off 
him in the first inning he pitched. Plaisted's fine 
work was one of the most noticeable features of the 
game. He struck out eleven men, and only three 
hits were made by Bates in the nine innings. Pair- 
banks vindicated his right to the head of the batting 
list, and Savage, Williams, and Chapman hit the 
ball hard and often. The score: 


A.B. B. B.H. T.E. P.O. A. E. 

Fairbanks, 3b., r.f., ..653722 

Savage, lb. 5 4 3 5 8 1 

Hinkley, l.f 6 2 1 1 1 

Hutchinson, s.s 5 2 12 2 

Allen, c 7 1 1 1 10 4 1 

Sykes, 2b., . . ■ . . 6 2 1 1 5 3 1 

Williams, r.f., .... 6 3 2 5 

Chapman, c.f 5 3 3 3 1 

Plaisted, p., .... 6 2 4 

Totals, .... 52 24 14 23 27 15 6 


A.B. R. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Wakefield, 3b., r.f., ..2311154 

Campbell, c. f 5 1 1 4 1 

Hoffman, 2b., .... 4 2 1 4 2 1 

Pennell, lb., . . . • 3 10 1 

Braokett, r.f., .... 3 1 

Douglass, S.3., .... 4 2 3 2 

Pulsifer, l.f 4 10 2 

Gerrish.c, 1 7 

Mildram, p., .... 2 2 2 1 

Berryman, p., .... 2 3 

Totals, .... 30 6 3 6 27 12 15 



Bowdoin, ...33504801 1—24 
Bates, ....10112010 0— G 
Base on balls— Plaisted, 11; Mildram,S; Berryman, 2. 
Struck out— By Plaisted, 11; Mildram, 2; Berryinan, 3. 
Stolen bases— Bowdoin, 13; Bates, 15. Two-base hits— 
Fairbanks, Savage. Home runs— Fairbanks, Williams, 
Hoffman. Umpire — Kelley. 

Bowdoin, 10; Colby, 1. 
May 4th, on the home grounds, Bowdoin strength- 
ened her claim to the pennant by winning from 
Colby by the above score. For Bowdoin, Plaisted 
pitched a peculiar game, giving eleven bases on 
balls, but proving an enigma whenever a hit was 
needed to bring in a Colby run. His catch of a 
hot line ball, in the sixth, and the resulting double 
play was one of the features of the game. Allen 
caught and threw to bases finely, and Chapman 
covered his territory well. Williams, Sykes, and 
Hutchinson did the heaviest batting for Bowdoin. 
For Colby, Whitman showed excellent control, and 
fielded his position well. Purinton, in right field, 
made several good catches. The score : 


A.B. R. E.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Fairbanks, 3b., .... 4 1 3 2 2 

Savage, lb., 3 1 1 110 1 

Hinkley, l.f., 5 1 1 1 1 

Williams, r.f., .... 4 2 1 2 1 

Allen, 0., 4 2 5 3 1 

Sykes, 2b., 1 1 1 3 2 4 

Chapman, c.f., .... 3 1 1 3 

Hutchinson, s.s., ... 3 1 2 3 1 3 1 

Plaisted, p., 3 1 1 1 2 2 

Totals, 30 10 8 12 27 15 5 


A.B. R. E.H. T.E. P.O. A. E. 

Hall, lb 3 12 2 

Hoxie, 2b., 3 2 2 2 1 

Latlip, l.f., .4 1 1 2 

Lombard, c.f., .... 4 2 

Purinton, r.f., .... 3 1 4 

CofSn, c, 3 2 

Nichols, 3b 3 1 1 

Jackson, s.s 40 1 1 1 4 1 

Whitman, p 2 1 6 

Totals, 29 1 4 4 24 13 5 

Bowdoin, ....00001270 x— 10 

Colby, 00000000 1—1 

Two-base hits — Williams, Hutchinson. Three-base hit — 
Sykes. Stolen bases— Fairbanks, Hinkley, Allen, Hoxie 
2, Coffin. Double inlays— Plaisted and Savage, Whitman 
and Hall. Sacrifice hits — Allen, Sykes 2, Chapman, Plais- 
ted, Hall, Purinton. Base on balls — by Plaisted — Hall, 
Hoxie 2, Latlip, Lombard, Purinton, Coffin 2, Nichols, 

Whitman 2; by Whitman — Savage 2, Sykes, Hutchinson. 
Hit by pitched ball — Fairbanks, Williams, Nichols. 
Struck out— by Plaisted — Latlip, Lombard, Purinton, 
Coffin, Jackson; by Whitman — Chapman. Passed balls- 
Allen 2, Coffin. Wild pitches— Plaisted 2, Whitman. 
Time— 2 h. Umpire— S. J. Kelley. 

Bowdoin, 15; M. S. C, 2. 
Disagreeable weather hindered the first game 
with M. S. C, and made good fielding difficult. 
Parrington pitched a strong game, had fair control 
and good speed, striking out seven men. Fair- 
banks, Williams, and Sykes led the batting, and 
Hinkley in left field covered his position finely. 
M. S. C.'s only runs were scored in the sixth on a 
wild throw. For M. S. C. Dehaseth did the best 
all-round work. The score : 


A.B. R. E.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Fairbanks, 3b., .... 5 2 4 6 3 1 2 

Savage, lb 3 2 2 2 6 1 

Hinkley, l.f., .... 6 1 2 2 5 

Williams, r.f.; .... 4 3 3 7 1 

Allen, c 5 1 1 1 6 4 

Sykes, 2b 5 2 3 4 3 

Chapman, c.f 4 1 1 2 1 

Hutchinson, s.s., ... 4 2 1 1 2 1 

Farrington, p 3 1 2 

Totals, 39 15 17 25 27 8 3 

M. S. C. 

A.B. R. E.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Durham, l.f., C.f., . ..4000200 

Palmer, 3b 5 2 2 2 1 1 

Bicker, c.f., r.f., ... 4 1 2 

Hayes, r.f., p., .... 3 1 2 2 3 1 

Smith, S.S., 4 1 1 2 2 

Frost, p., l.f 3 5 1 

Dehaseth, c 3 1 2 3 2 

Farrell, 2b 3 3 1 3 

Gilbert, lb 4 5 1 


Innings, . 
M. S. C, . . 

33 2 6 7 24 9 7 

3 4 5 G 7 8 9 
i 9 1 1 2 1 —15 

Earned runs — Bowdoin, fi. Two-base hits— Williams, 
Sykes, Chapman, Dehasetli. Three-base hits — Fairbanks, 
Williams. Stolen bases — Fairbanks, Savage 2, Hinkley, 
Farrington. Sacrifice hits — Savage, Williams, Allen, Chap- 
man. First base on balls — by Farrington— Durham, 
Ricker, Hayes 2, Dehaseth, Farrell; by Hayes — Savage 2, 
Williams, Farrington 2. Struck out — Durham 3, Palmer, 
Smith, Frost, Gilbert, Farrington. Double play— Hutch- 
inson. Hit by pitched ball — Fairbanks. Time— 2 hours. 
Umpire— Dunn, of Lewiston. 

Standing of the League. 

Played. Won. Lost. 

Per cent. 

Bowdoin, 3 

Bates, 3 

Colby, 3 

M. S. C, 3 


1 666 

2 333 

3 000 



The annual President's Convention of the Col- 
lege T. M. C. Associations of New England and Can- 
ada was held at Harvard, April 20-23. The 
convention metThursdayevening, at Holden Chapel, 
and was duly organized. About fifty delegates, 
representing thirty-five colleges, wore present. 
There were three daily sessions, presided over by 
J. R. Mott, General Secretary of the International 
College Association. Prof. Drummond of Scot- 
land, Dr. Horton of London, and Dr. Alexander 
McKensie of Cambridge, were among the distin- 
guished speakers who addressed the convention. 

The chief business of this convention was an 
examination of the work being accomplished in the 
various colleges, and discussion as to the best 
methods for making the association a more potent 
factor in college hfe. 

The committee who has charge of issuing the 
Association Handbook, that proved so popular last 
fall, are already at work on the new handbook for 
next year. 

Attention is called to the change in the time of 
the Sunday afternoon meeting at the Y. M. C. A. 
rooms. The meeting will be held this term at 4.15, 
before chapel instead of after. 

Services will be held, during the term, at the 
Hillside School-house by members of the associa- 
tion who have volunteered to take charge of that 

'25. — Commodore Bridge's 
reminiscences of his class- 
mate, Nathaniel Hawthorne, are out. 
They were student friends at Bow- 
doin, and their intimacy was continued till 
Hawthorne's death, hence these recollec- 
tions are full of genuine personality. Much the 
larger portion of tlie book pertains to Hawthorne 
before he reached fame, and it begins with the first 
meeting between him and Bridge. It so happened 

that in the summer of 1821 the coach in which 
Hawthorne made his first journey to Bowdoin con- 
tained also as passengers Franklin Pierce and 
Jonathan Cilley — as distiuguished a company of 
sub-Freshmen as probably ever rode in a Maine 

'33. — The Portland Transcript in a recent issue 
publishes an interesting sketch of Hon. George F. 
Talbot, president of the Fraternity Club of that city. 
From it we take the following: "Mr. Talbot, a 
lawyer by profession, has been retired from active 
practice for several years, but as the president of 
the leading literary society of the city, for the past 
sixteen years, his extensive and varied information 
has been constantly of influence in the weekly dis- 
cussions of these distinguished Portlanders. He is 
singularly well equipped for the position and 
always has something pertinent to say that seems 
to throw a new light upon the question under dis- 
cussion. Mr. Talbot's entire career has been char- 
acterized by the strictest integrity in public and 
private life. Striiiing incidents of his unswerving 
honesty have come to the writer's knowledge, but 
we forbear from details for obvious reasons. 
Though so many years prominent in the pohtics of the 
country as a Republican, it was the agitation 
preceding and during the war that drew him 
from the ranks of the Democratic party, to the 
foundation principles of which he has always 
adhered and does to-day. Mr. Talbot bears his 
age well. He looks in better health and no older 
than he did ten years ago. He is of a literary 
temperament, an able writer, courteous in his inter- 
course with others, and it is uunecessary to add that 
his manners are those of a gentleman and a scholar.', 

'33.— The Maine Historical Society paid its re- 
spects to Dr. Fordyce Barker, the great New York 
surgeon, at its spring meeting in Portland, his for- 
mer classmate, Hon. Geoi-ge P. Talbot, reading 
reminiscences. He said that probably the class in 
Bowdoin, second in importance to '25, was that which 
contained Gov. Andrew and Dr. Fordyce Barker — 
the class of '33. Barker as a student was a baud- 
some, winning fellow, with a beautiful tenor voice. 
In 1836 he was appointed professor of obstetrics at 
Bowdoin, but retained the position but a short 
time. In 1850 the «hair of obstetrics was offered 
to him in the New York Medical College, which he 
retained till 1857. That was the beginning of his 
distinguished career in the metropolis, which was 
a succession of triumphs that gave him a world- 
wide reputation. 



'40.— Samuel Lane Youug, M.D., died at South 
Portlaud, April 9tb, aged 80 years 3 months. 

'44.— The death of Joshua Sears Palmer occurred 
at his residence on Grove Street, Portland, on April 
25th, after an illness of about three weeks. Mt. 
Palmer was born in Kennebunk in November, 1824, 
and fitted for college in his native town. After 
graduation he was engaged first in the dry goods 
business, then in insurance with Jeremiah Dow and 
Henry Ward, and afterward with Sterling Dow and 
Horace Anderson. For two years he was city 
treasurer of Portland, and acted in the same 
capacity during several years for the Portland 
Glass Company. Mr. Palmer was a life-long Dem- 
ocrat, serving in the Portland common council and 
board of aldermen. Under President Cleveland's 
first administration he served as postmaster of 
Portland. In all the varied relations of life he 
bore a manly part. Gifted by nature with ability of 
a high order, to which a hberal education added its 
broadening culture, he was ever an attractive and 
strong personality in all circles— social, mercantile, 
ofBcial, and political. Faithful, honest, and capable 
in his differing vocations, genial and prepossess- 
ing in his bearing and personal appearance, Mr. 
Palmer's death is a source of heartfelt sorrow 
to his relatives and friends, and a marked loss to 
the city of which he had been for so many years an 
honored resident. 

'50. — Senator William P. Frye spoke before the 
Philadelphia Manufacturers' Club Monday evening, 
April 17th, on "Reconstruction of the American 
Merchant Marine." On May 2d he delivered a 
eulogy upon the late James G. Blaine before a large 
audience in Music Hall, Boston. The eulogy was a 
flue effort and the audience was kept in perfect 
sympathy with the speaker throughout. 

'53. — At a recent meeting of the Penobscot 
County Bar, Hon. Henry Clay Goodenow presented 
a series of resoUitious upon the late Nathan L. 

'57.— Gen. Thomas H. Hubbard, of New york, 
has given twenty thousand dollars to Hallowell, his 
native place, to found a free public library. 

'58. — General Francis Fessenden has retucned 
from an extended trip in the South, in the course of 
which he took occasion to revisit several of the 
battle-fields on which he was engaged during the 
civil war. 

'.59. — Edward M. Rand, Esq., who has served as 
a commissioner of the United States Circuit Court 
iu Portland since his appointment of the 22d March, 

1866, has tendered his resignation and it has been 
accepted by Judge Webb. 

'60. — Hon. Thomas B. Reed has returned to 
Portland from Washington to spend the summer. 

'65.— The Lewiston Journal of May 6th pub- 
lishes a good sketch of Stephen W. Harmon, Esq., 
of Boston, together with a portrait of him. The 
sketch tells in an entertaining way some incidents 
of Mr. Harmon's school life and struggle for college, 
his admission to the bar and opening an ofiice in 
Boston, together with several of the more celebrated 
cases in which he has been engaged. It is the 
story of a very successful life. 

'68. — Hon. Nicholas Fessenden, Maine's Secre- 
tary of State, is soon to go to Chicago with the 
Governor to represent the State at the Columbian 

'80. — In the recent bowling tournament of the 
Portland Athletic Club Mr. G. S. Payson won the 
championship and was presented with a beautiful 
pin by the club. 

'89, Medical. — Dr. Harry M. Nickerson has 
resigned the presidency of the Haydn Association 
of Portland. 

'90. — P. C. Humphrey has recently entered the 
Medical School of Maine. 

'91. — F. E. Dennett will graduate from the 
Washington (D. C.) Law School this summer. 

A new boat-house, 90x35 feet, is being built at 
Lake Whitney, for the Yale navy. 

The Rowing Committee of the University of 
Pennsylvania have started a movement to procure 
a launch for the 'Varsity crew. 

The Faculty of Syracuse University has granted 
the petition of the Seniors to abolish the system 
of commencement orations, and to substitute an 
address by some eminent man. The Faculties of the 
University of Minnesota and of Oberlin have voted 
the same change. 



" From the deep to the great deep he goes." 

— The Passing of Arthur. 

Rifting the moonlight mist, 

"White sail and spar 
Signals the pilot ship 

Nearing the bar. 

Clear call and morning star, 

Mystical guides, 
Over the foamless flood, 

Out with the tides. 

Over the harbor bar. 

Into the light, 
Pilot and poet soul 

Pass vifith the night. 

— Kent's Hill Breeze. 

William and Mary's College is to receive $9.5,000 
from Congress for damage done to its buildings by 
the Federal Army during the war. 

The University of Paris, with 9,215 students, is 
the largest in the world. 

President Low, of Columbia, has given $5,000 to 
the Brooks Memorial fund at Harvard. 

Professor John Fisk will dehvcr the opening 
address at the first University Extension Summer 
Meeting, to be opened in Philadelphia, July 5th, 
under the auspices of the American Society for the 
Extension of University Teaching. 

It is said that ex-President Harrison will be 
asked to accept the pi'esidency of the University of 
Indiana. The chair of constitutional law at the 
Leland Stanford, Jr., University, has also been 
offered him. 

So to the theatre she won't go! 
Hence, vain repining! 

Two dollars in — there are clouds, you know. 
With a silver lining. — Trinity Tablet. 

Another version : 

" Mary had a little lamb 

And the little lambkin died. 
His wool was made into Plymouth 
Rock Pants 
And now walks by Mary's side." 

— Melrose High School Life. 
General Walker, president of the Massachusetts 
Institute of Technology, has been elected a mem- 
ber of the Academy of Moral and Political Science 
in Paris. 

An expert mathematician has calculated that 
the amount of energy spent in an average game of 
foot-ball is sufficient to break up twenty acres of 
the heaviest soil known in the country. 

Kentucky University has forbidden all college 
sports on account of the alleged gambling connected 
with them. 

The University of Pensylvania is raising money 
to erect a Y. M. C. A. building, to cost $150,000. 

Chicago University has abolished the examina- 
tion system. 

The College of South Carolina is soon to be 
closed for lack of students. 

Some time this month Cornell will test the first 
eight-oared shell constructed of aluminum. 

Senior vacation has been abolished at the Uni- 
versity of Wisconsin. 


565 Congress St., - PORTLAND, ME. 




Vol. XXIII. 


No. 3. 





F. W. PiCKARD, '94, Managing Editor. 

F. J. LiBBY, '94, Assistant Managing Editor. 

B. L. Bryant, '95, Business Manager. 

H. B. Andrews, '94. A. G. Wiley, '95. 

E. M. Simpson, '94. J. C. Minot, '9G. 

H. W. Thayer, '95. H. H. Pierce, '9fi. 

J. E. Dunning. 

Per annum, in advance. 
Single Copies, 

. $2.00. 
15 Cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained atthe bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Manager. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Manager. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should lie directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as wellastlie signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Rhyme and lleason Department should be 
sent to Box 6, Brunswicli, Me. 

Personal items should be sent to Box UO, Brunswicl£,Me. 

Entered at the Post-Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 

Vol. XXIII., No. 3.— May 24, 1893. 

Editorial Notes 29 

The Scientific Building, 31 

Psi Upsilon Convention 32 

His Waterloo 32 

The Pessioptimist 33 

Rhyme and Reason: 

A Spring Sunset .34 

On Arbor Day 34 

Act I.— Act II., 35 

CoLLEGii Tabula 35 

Athletics, 37 

Y. M. C. A 40 

Personal, 40 

Book Reviews 42 

College World, 42 

Half the pleasures and enjoyments 
of the college year are found in the last six 
weeks of the spring term. The hard grind 
of the long winter is over, out-of-door sports 
are constantly in progress, class-room exer- 
cises and the work preparatory to them are 
purposely lightened, and it often seems as if 
the summer recess had already commenced. 
In sharp contrast to the dulness of the winter 
is the quick succession of events of college 
interest. One day a ball game, the next a 
tennis match, training and practicing for 
athletic contests daily going on ; some- 
thing every day, until Ivy week with its 
peculiar attractions is close at hand. P^or 
two or three days an uninterrupted round of 
pleasure, when suddenly examination week 
looms up ahead, but speedily gives way to 
the whirl and gaiety of Commencement. 
The term after it is past seems like a dream 
rather than a reality. 

But the mention of Ivy Day with its 
long-awaited Hop at once calls our attention 
to the decrease in social events dui'ing the 
last three years. . It is certainly true, and it 
is equally to be regretted, that opportunities 
of enjoying social intercourse with Bruns- 
wick people are so limited. Indeed, during 
the winter just passed only two dances of 
any importance were given by the students, 
and one of these was open to only a small 



proportion of the under-graduates. Whether 
the fault, if fault there be, lies with the stu 
dents or whether this decadence is due to 
lack of interest among society people in the 
town, we do not presume to say. But cer- 
tainly the social training which a man receives 
from his college course should be second only 
to intellectual culture. A man's position and 
success after graduation often depends upon 
his social attaiiunents as much as upon his 
knowledge of books. One step in the right 
direction is certainly in our power to take — 
attending the Monday evening receptions of 
the Faculty. Those who are in the liabit of 
spending a few hours each week at the homes 
of the Professors feel that thej^ derive a great 
amount of good as well as much pleasure 
from these weekly calls. 

ypHE date of the next issue of the Orient 
"»■ would naturally be June 7th, two days 
before Ivy Day, but as we intend to give a 
full report of the Ivy and Field-Day exer- 
cises, we shall postpone the date of publica- 
tion one week. Those who desire extra 
copies of the lyy number should make their 
wants known at once. 

TT7HE tendency to substitute for the Com- 
^ mencement parts an oration by some 
celebrated man has become very noticeable, 
and in a large number of the colleges Com- 
mencement Day is thus observed. The change 
is, to be sure, not without its advantages. 
Doubtless more valuable information is im- 
parted than the graduates could give. Cer- 
tainly it saves a great deal of work and 
worry at a time of year when work and 
worry are extremely distasteful, and pos- 
sibly it tends to diminish the struggle for 
rank, by removing one of its chief rewards. 
But on the other hand, in the historic Com- 
mencement Day which our predecessors have 
handed down to us, there is a charm of asso- 
ciation that appeals to us all. As we listen 

to the speakers we think of the generations 
that have done as they are doing. The great 
names on our alumni roll come to our minds. 
The age and greatness of our college are 
realized more vividly than before. 

Then, too, there is at present a unity 
about the whole Commencement week which 
a change could but destroy. One event 
follows after another with a certain appro- 
priateness, nay, inevitableness, which carries 
us along with it. It has completeness; all 
departments of the college, all phases of 
college life, are represented in the varied 
exercises of that time. 

But besides all this there is a person- 
ality, — a personal interest in the Commence- 
ment speaking. Parents are interested in it, 
as showing what their sons can do ; alumni 
are interested, for they like to compare it 
with their own ; others, whether connected 
with the college or not, are interested in it, 
for they consider it indicative of the work 
the college is doing, as well as of the mental 
calibre of the graduating class ; and it has 
come to form, as it were, a rallying point, a 
time when all who care for old Bowdoin, 
renew their allegiance to her. Visitors to 
English universities say that an indescribable 
charm perpetually lingers there, coming from 
tl:(e halo of age surrounding everything con- 
nected with them. We Americans have few 
enough historic customs and relics, and we 
should not part with one of them without 
just cause. 

TT7HE committee which will judge the arti- 
-'- cles published in the Orient in compe- 
tition for the prizes offered a few weeks ago 
will be composed of the following gentlemen : 
Rev. E. B. Mason, Rev. E. C. Guild, and 
Barrett Potter, Esq. 

The Harvard Hasty Pudding Club realized over 
a thousand dollars at its performance of " Hamlet," 
iu New York, April 27th. 



The Scientific Building. 
O'INCE the last Orient appeared, active 
^ preparations have been made upon tlie 
campus for the erection of another magnifi- 
cent structure which will be an ornament 
and honor to old Bowdoin in every sense of 
the words. The new scientific building, 
as is well known, is the gift of Edward F. 
Searles of New York, and is to be erected as 
a memorial building to his late wife. The 
contract for building has been awarded to 
Woodbury, Leighton & Co. of Boston, wlio 
are constructing the new Boston Public 
Library, and work will be pushed forward as 
fast as possible, that it may be dedicated at 
the centenary of the college in June, 1894. 
The generous donor has instructed the pro- 
fessors in charge to have it made perfect in 
every department for its work, and the cost 
will be about 1150,000 instead of 160,000, as 
was originally planned. 

The location on tlie campus could not be 
better, and the front will be in a line with 
that of the Walker Art Building. It will 
be built of Perth-Ambo}' bricks in archi- 
tecture of the Elizabethan pattern, the 
structure forming three sides of a quadrangle. 
It will be three stories high with a spacious 
basement, and each wing will be about as 
large as one of the dormitories. Its extreme 
front length will be 172 feet and its depth of 
wing 107 feet. In the front of the center will 
be a tower which will contain a large college 
clock, — ^an improvement to the campus that 
all will appreciate. 

The chemical and physical departments 
will each occupy half of the first and second 
floors and the biological department the 
whole of the third floor. Each department 
will be entirely separate, with separate 
entrances. For chemistry there will be three 
laboratories for students and one for the pro- 
fessor and his assistants, all fitted com- 
pletely with the most modern apparatus, 
tables of white English tiles, and hoods for 

the safe handling of poisonous chemicals. 
This department has also a lecture room with 
a seating capacity of 117. The physical 
department will occupy the first two floors of 
the south half of the building, and will be 
equipped throughout in the most modern 
manner. The biological department on the 
third floor will occupy a general laboratory 
63 X 33 feet, a physiological laboratory 40 x 40 
feet, and a lecture room which will seat 75. 
All departments have dark rooms for photo- 
graphic work. The basement is perfect in 
its arrangement and will contain rooms for 
gas analysis and assaying, an alcohol vault, 
an aquarium, a magnetic room, free from all 
iron, and a constant-temperature room. 

The heating, ventilating, and plumbing 
will be special features of the building and 
will cost fully $20,000. The Smith Heating 
and Ventilating Company, of Boston, have 
charge of this part of the work. There will 
be a constant circulation of air through every 
room, caused b}' fans run by electricity. The 
building will be lighted by electricity and 
piped for gas. Henry Vaughn, of Boston, 
is the architect. Professor Robinson has 
visited the leading colleges of the country 
and examined their scientific buildings, and 
says that the Searles Scientific Building will 
be in every respect the ideal structure for 
its purpose. 

Such, in brief, is a general idea of this 
new addition to Bowdoin's treasures of which 
every alumnus and student is so proud. 
With such a building so perfectly adapted 
to its purpose, and with the present efficient 
and popular men at the head of each scien- 
tific department, the increased facilities for 
scientific study cannot but add much to the 
growth and fame of the college. 

Only a small fraction of one per cent, of the 
voters of the United States are college educated 
men, yet they hold fifty-eight per cent, of the 
highest ofQces. 



Psi Upsilon Convention. 

TITHE Sixtieth Annual Convention of the 
''■ Psi Upsilon Fraternity was held with 
the Zeta Chapter at Dartmouth College, on 
the 17th, 18th, and 19th of May. The dele- 
gates and alumni were informally and cor- 
dially welcomed at the hall of the Zeta on 
Wednesday evening. The following day and 
the morning of Fridaj' were devoted to busi- 
ness sessions. Among the most important 
questions were those relating to the estab- 
lishment of chapters in the Massachusetts 
Institute of Technology, Dickinson College, 
and the University of Chicago. It was 
resolved that no charter be granted to Phi 
Beta Epsilon in M. I. T., or to the local so- 
ciety at Dickinson, and that the same com- 
mittee which had served before continue its 
duties in regard to the Chicago question. 
Under new business it was resolved to estab- 
lish more alumni associations in various parts 
of the couutr}', and, further, an application 
for a charter from the University of Wiscon- 
sin was considered. 

The literary exercises were held in the 
Gymnasium on Thursday evening, and were 
memorably successful, in spite of the fact 
that the Hon. W. E. Barrett,. Zeta, '80, who 
was to preside, was forced to be absent. His 
place was most acceptably filled by Professor 
R. B. Richardson. Prayer was offered by 
Rev. L. P. Leeds, D.D., Zeta, '43, and the 
oration was delivered by Hon. Halsey J. 
Boardman, Zeta, '58, who spoke of integrity 
and enthusiasm as the important factors in a 
life of usefulness and honor. The poem was 
delivered by Richard Hovy, Zeta, '85, whom 
Prof. Richardson inti'oduced as that young 
American who has the brightest prospects 
and best promise. Blaisdell's Orchestra, of 
Concord, furnished very delightful music, 
and a fine solo was given by Mrs. Dr. Galvin 
of Boston. After the exercises a reception 
was held at the house of Prof. A. S. Hardy, 
of the Dartmouth Faculty. 

On Friday afternoon the convention left 
in a body for Springfield, where the banquet 
was held at Hotel Glendower. About eighty 
Psi U's were present, but in spite of the small 
number the occasion was a great and satis- 
factory success. Judge A. W. Teney was 
president of the dinner, and among the speak- 
ers were ex-Gov. Alexander Rice of Boston, 
Rev. G. R. Van de Water of New York, Prof. 
Hardy, and Mr. H. P. Field. Much regret 
was felt that Hon. J. R. Hanley, Hon. W. H. 
Haile, and Charles Dudley Warner were un- 
able to be present, but such regret was in 
great measure soothed by the repetition, by 
request, of Mr. Hovy's poem. 

The Kappa was represented by G. S. 
Machan, G. W. McArthur, '93 ; H. E. An- 
drews, F. W. Glover, and W. M. Ingraham, 
'94. The next convention is to be held at 

His Waterloo. 

YOUNG Sam Bleecker was mad. He was 
not angry ; he was mad, with the good 
old Yankee accent and interpretation of that 
word. And he had good reason to be in 
such a state of mind, at least so he told him- 
self as he paced down the avenue on that 
beautiful May morning. Any one would 
lose his temper on such a provocation, which 
in Sam's case was this: 

He had become deeply smitten with the 
beautiful Miss Da Costa, the one, you know, 
who created such a furore at the last Patri- 
archs', and who is worth a cool ten million if 
a cent. WelV Sam lost his heart (" poor 
devil" they called him at the club), and was 
now endeavoring by hook or crook to win 
his lady's affection and present her in return 
with the noble Bleecker crest, a big name, 
and — a broken bank account. 

He had apparently progressed finely in 
his suit, and had several times been on the 
point of facing his fate, but the object of his 
regard had deftly eluded him and had left 



him in a state of tremulously delicious doubt, 
from which he bravely rallied for a new 
attack, and back into which she drove him 
again and again. 

So poor Sammy was desperate. "She is 
sure of me," he thought, "and is playing 
with me awhile before she drops me. That's 
why she flirted so outrageously with Dick 
Webster last night. By Jove ! The way 
she looked at him made me just about crazy. 
No, Fm not jealous either," savagely to him- 
self, "but I can't be expected to stand this 
infernal torture, and what's more, I won't." 

Sammie was warming up, and was getting 
madder every second. He looked almost 
handsome, his head and shoulders thrown 
back, his eyes glowing, cheeks flushed, and 
his stick grasped tightly in his neatly gloved 
hand. He was a swell, was Sammie, from 
the tips of his russet shoes to the crown of 
his well-set tile, and he had always deemed 
it bad form to exhibit emotion ; but had he 
known what an effect his inward rage had 
on his outer appearance he would have been 
astonished, for young Sam Bleecker, in spite 
of drawl and chrysanthemum and dudish 
apparel, looked now as never before in his 
twenty-five years of life, viz., like a man. 

And still he strode on down the avenue. 
Yes, she had treated him badly; had encour- 
aged him and then held him off at arm's 
length to dangle like a maimed fly. He 
would cut her, yes, if he should meet her 
now he wonld cut her dead. Of course that 
would hurt her, and, happy thought, she 
would repent, and send for him and would 
offer him lierself, ten millions and all, as a 
peace offering, and he, — well, he didn't 
know that he cared much about her any how. 
She had money and he needed it, but then 
there were other girls and more money, and 
so on the whole he would cut her and — . 
But what in the name of all the beautiful 
was that vision of loveliness tripping toward 
him with smiling eyes? Sammy looked. 

"Great Scott," he said, under his breath, 
" It's she ! " Yes, he would cut her dead now; 
he wonld look right over her head down the 

One step more: "Good afternoon, Mr. 

"Ah, — er — . Good afternoon, Miss Emily. 
I've an errand up-street, and will accompany 
you as far as the corner." 

TITHE beginning of work on the foundation 
■»■ for the new Bowdoin Scientific Building 
marks another long stride in the direction of 
pre-eminence over all our sister institutions, 
both in the State and in New England. It 
is with a feeling of intense satisfaction that 
we learn that in planning the new construction 
the question of utilityhas overruled that of ex- 
pense, and that when completed the Bowdoin 
Scientific Building will be known as the 
most complete and best equipped in the 
country. Bowdoin men will be justly proud 
of the building — which, by tlie way, will be 
handsome and attractive both within and 
without — proud because it will not only rep- 
resent a high degree of institutional pros- 
perity and progression, but will stand a 
fitting monument to the wise, far-sighted 
generosity of Maine's noble sons and daugh- 

A certain event in the late history of the 
Brunswick police court has caused many 
expressions of regret in regard to the some- 
what strained relations between townspeople 
and students. The Okient does not propose 
to stand by a man who has committed a crim- 
inal act, simply because he is a student, and 
for exactly the same reason does not recog- 
nize the right of any one to punish a man 
simply because he is a student. If a man is 



guilty on the evidence, he should be punished, 
but in the interest of common justice, no 
one can sanction the action of a magistrate 
who, setting aside both the clearest evidence 
and the opinion of able legal counsel, auto- 
cratically assumes unwarranted powers, 
and sentences the prisoner on purely per- 
sonal grounds, and with no bit of testimony 
whatsoever on which to base conviction. 
* * * * * 

It is with a feeling of shame that the 
Pessioptimist finds it necessary to censure 
the conduct of certain students in the Sun- 
day morning church service. Such lounging, 
yawning, and stage-whispering might be 
expected in the gallery of a third-rate 
theater, but are sadly out of place in a house 
of divine worship. We may not be heartily 
in sympathy with the creed of the church in 
which we sit; we may not have the slightest 
interest in the words of the speaker on the 
platform, but we can very easily obey one 
of the fundamental laws of society, and 
respect the feelings and the rights of others. 
Verbum' sap. 

It seems to be a natural proclivity of col- 
lege pedestrians to plant their boot-heels on 
the well-kept corners of the various gfass- 
plots about the campus, and thus destroy a 
piece of landscape construction which, intact, 
serves to give the whole place an air of care- 
ful supervision and well-groomed neatness. 
This carelessness is particularly noticeable 
about the halls and Chapel, where the jani- 
tor's crew has just spent considerable labor 
in building up and rounding off the broken- 
down banking. Just think about this a bit, 
and see if it won't pay to step around, even 
if you do waste a few extra seconds in so 

I^hgme aipd ^eagor^. 

A Spring Sunset. 

I was watching, one night, the sparkling liftht 

Of the suu's last gilded rays, 
As they floated away, like fairies at play. 

Through cloud and ethereal haze. 

Flashing and glancing as ripples were dancing 
On the ever-changing face of the tide, 

While the blue waters, strolling, inward came rollint; 
Till they flowed on the beach at my side. 

And reflected afar, by a radiant bar 

Of cloud, like a streamer of gold, 
When his own bright face in its downward pace 

I now could no longer behold. 

And mellowed and tinged and folded and fringed 

With rays of the limpid light. 
Was the curtain soft that the vespers dropped 

O'er the dusky realm of the night. 

While the after-glow sank steady and slow, 

Yet changing and wavering too. 
Till naught but a speck in Helios' track, 

It melted away into blue. 

Yale has a new boat-house on the shore of Lake 
Whitney. It is 90x40 feet and contains room for 
four eight-oared shells. 

On Arbor Day. 

Some years ago, one Arbor day, 

I placed beside the garden wall 

A fair young maple, straight and tall; 

With boyish glee I placed it there 

And firmly set its roots with care; 

And in the youth-hope of that May, 

I hoped that in the years to be 

It would become as grand a tree 

As could be found along the way, 

Or in the forest's depths hard by 

Where, to my dreaming boyish eye. 

The cloud-tipped monarchs brushed the sky. 

And half in hope, and half in fear — 

So sweet the lovetime of that May, — 

I named my tree the name most dear 

To my young heart upon that day ; 

And vowed that while that tree should grow. 

Through scores and scores of years to be, 

That name should be, as it was now, 

The dearest of all names to me. 



The years have passed, another May 
Gives us another Arbor Day. 
Long are the leagues that sever me 
From where I planted that young tree. 
And yet I know the genial sun 
Brings forth upon each spreading bough, 
When stern, cold Winter's race is run, 
The swelling buds of spring-time now. 

The tree lives on, 'tis Nature's way, 
And yet within my heart I fear 
Its name is not more sweet to me 
Than other names that oft I hear ; 
For often early loves grow cold, 
And later loves supplant the old ; 
And yet I can but sigh to-day 
That this, alas, is Nature's way. 

Act 1. 

A Freshman walking down below. 
Two floors above, some H2O. 
The Freshman and the water met. 
Exit Freshie, somewhat wet. 

Act II. 

A jury meeting, quiet, calm, 
The Sophomores feel some alarm, 
And soon we note a vacant chair. 
Its occupant has decided to leave college 
on account of ill-health. 

The crews have suffered 
several set-backs in their 
training for the race, but their courage 
is still good. The recent rains have 
made the river very high and swift, 
and driftwood has been plenty. 
Mitchell, of the Sophomore crew, has been incapac- 
itated from rowing, and Dewey has been rowing in 
his place. Captain Bates, of the '96 crew, was sick at 
home for over a week, and Newbegin made up the 
four. French is also unable to row at preseut. 
Captain Carleton visited Dartmouth last week. 

Ridley, '90, was on the campus a short time ago. 

Reed has taken some good pictures of the ball 
team . 

Meserve, '88, has been spending a few days in 

Wiley, '95, is sick with the measles at his home 
in Bethel. 

Leightou, '96, has been at home, in Augusta, for 
over a week. 

Williamson, '88, called on his friends on the 
campus last week. 

Woodbury, '95, is sick with the measles at his 
home in Castine. 

Pendleton, '90, spent several days with friends 
in college last week. 

French, '96, is a victim to the prevaling epi- 
demic of measles. 

The Juniors will go on an all-day trip after min- 
erals this week. 

Staples, '89, now practicing law in Bath, was at 
the college recently. 

Blanchard, '90, came from Lewiston to witness 
the last Bates game. 

H. F. Harding, '51, of East Machias, spent a 
day on the campus last week. 

Bryant, '95, was gladly welcomed back last 
week after his severe illness. 

The Intercollegiate Tennis Tournament will 
open next Tuesday in Portland. 

May-flower parties of various sizes have been very 
common the past week or two. 

Christie, '95, has been confined to his room for 
tw(j weeks with the measles. 

Plumstead, '96, returned last week after an 
absence of nearly two months. 

Tuesday, May 30th, being Memorial Day, will be 
observed as a holiday in the college. 

Farrington, '94, has been quite sick at his home 
in Augusta, with inflammation of the bowels. 

Under Marshal Stevens the Juniors are daily 
practicing marching in preparation for Ivy Day. 

The Portland High School team were defeated 
by the Brunswick High School nine, 11 to 3, on the 
Delta, Saturday. 

The class in practical rhetoric report much en- 
enjoyment and progress in the work as conducted 
by Dr. Bellows. 



Professor Wells went to Hanover, N. H., last 
week to look over his new field of labor at Dart- 

Mr. Tolruan was on the campus recently. He is 
rapidly improving in health, and will resume 
his duties in the fall. 

Professor Chapman was in Bangor last week to 
attend a meeting of the trustees of Bangor Theo- 
logical Seminary. 

Soule, '96, is reported to be so far recovered 
from his recent serious sickness as to be able to go 
out for a short time. 

The Freshmen have finished Plane Trigonom- 
etry and will spend the remaimder of the time upon 
Spherical Trigonometry. 

Arbor Day was not observed on the campus 
except in the usual holiday manner. A large num- 
ber of students went home. 

Richard Golden, in Maine's favorite play, "Old 
Jed Prouty," attracted a large number at Town 
Hall last Thursday evening. 

Several parties of Knights of Pythias, attending 
the annual meeting of the Grand Lodge in town, 
visited the campus last week. 

On May 12th, the ground plan of the Scientific 
Building was marked out by the surveyors, and on 
May 16th, ground was broken. 

Before June 10th the Freshmen are required to 
hand in to Professor Houghton a theme on "The 
Last Twenty Tears of Cicero's Life." 

The A K E fraternity has had some fine group 
photographs taken, one on the steps of South Apple- 
ton and one on the North Chapel steps. 

President Hyde delivered an interesting talk in 
chapel. May J4th, upon the natural punishment 
which «oraes of necessity from failure to do the 

The Junior prize speakers have been announced 
as follows: Andrews, Baxter, T. C. Chapman, Dana, 
Libby, DeMott, Merrill, Moore, Plaisted, and Whit- 

Practicing rowing in the single shells has not 
been a success this term. One Junior and one 
Freshman who have tried it experienced cold baths 
in the Androscoggin. 

Professor Houghton and family moved last week 
from Page Street to the new college residence on 
Main Street, next to the house occupied by Professor 
Woodruff. The Latin classes had adjourns Sat- 

The many rainy days of late have made 
chapel cuts unusually frequent, as the dark morn- 
ings render it almost impossible for many late-study- 
ing students to get up in time. 

Plans for the coming summer vacation are now 
in order, and some have a great many. " Snaps " at 
summer resorts are being eagerly gathered in, and 
quite a number have an eye on the World's Fair. 

The proposed game with Boston University, 
May 13th, was prevented by rain. The Boston 
boys came down, and after spending rather a dreary 
day at the Tontine, returned home on the afternoon 

The third and last Sophomore themes of the 
term will be due June 2d. The following subjects 
are announced : " Mr. Gladstone and Irish Home 
Rule"; "College Athletics"; "Realism in Mr. 
Howells's Novels." 

Machan, '93, was delegate from Kappa Chapter 
to the annual national ■f T Convention, held last 
week with the Dartmouth Chapter at Hanover, 
N. H. McArthur, '93, and Andrews and Glover, 
'94, also attended the convention. 

The Androscoggin is said to have been higher 
here last week than any resident could remember 
of its having been before, and a walk to the bridge 
to view the falls has been a part of the daily pro- 
gramme of almost every student. 

The Bath Independent announces the engage- 
ment of Baxter, '94, and Miss Kate Mussenden, a 
popular and accomplished society young lady of the 
shipping city. The Orient joins Mr. Baxter's 
hosts of friends in wishing him happiness. 

Even the Sophomores could forgive the Fresh- 
men for bell-ringing and cheering when they re- 
turned at midnight from their sweeping victory 
over the Colby Freshmen. The Colby boys will 
play a return game later in the season. 

Ou account of the rain last week the two exhibi- 
tion games, with Colby and M. C. I., and the league 
game with M. S. C, which the nine was to have 
played, were all canceled, and instead of four 
games but one was played, the league game with 

The advent of a quack doctor with a free show 
attachment made a breeze of excitement iu town on 
the evening of Arbor Day, as a result of which there 
were adjourns in most classes the next morning 
that a legal, roaring farce, by a dignified wearer of 
the ermine, might be witnessed by the students. 



At a recent meeting of tlie Bowdoin Republican 
CUib the following officers were elected for the 
ensuing year: President, Elias Thomas, '94; Vice- 
Presidents, F. W. Pickard, '94, and C. M. Leighton, 
'94; Recoi'ding Secretary, R. H. Baxter, '94; Corre- 
sponding Secretary, J. H. Roberts, '95. 

Mr. Booker and his corps of assistants have 
been slowly but surely going through the usual 
process of campus cleaning, and have things nearly 
in summer trim once more. The grading around 
the chapel has been repaired, and last week, by a 
supreme effort, even the much-loved winter ash 
heaps were carted off. 

It was something of a joke on those two mem- 
bers of the ball team who went to Bangor last 
Wednesday afternoon, expecting the team would fol- 
low them the next day, and upon reaching that 
city received a telegram from Manager Clifford, 
saying that no game would be played until the 
Waterville game Saturday. 

Now is the time that the toast-masters, poets, 
orators, and speakers in each of the classes are get- 
ting in their work in preparation for certain events 
to occur later in the term. The Senior supper will 
be held as usual at the Tontine ; the '95 banquet iu 
Lewiston, May 26th, and the '96 banquet in Port- 
land, when the class escapes from the woes and 
dangers of Freshman life. 

That the editor of the Kennebec Journal knows 
well how it is with Bowdoin boys and Bath girls the 
following clipping shows: " One would infer from 
some statements in the newspapers recently that 
the Bath boys don't want it believed for an instant 
that they feel aggrieved because the Bowdoin Col- 
lege boys come down and are entertained by the 
Bath girls. This attitude on the part of the young 
men is scarcely creditable. In fact, such indiffer- 
ence seems inexcusable. There aren't any bright- 
eyed young women in all this wide world whose 
bewitching ways are better calculated to excite 
jealousy than are the charms of the young ladies of 
Bath. The Bath boys shouldn't overlook their 

The Faculty of the University of Pennsylvania 
has adopted a rule excusing from a part of the 
English Composition work of Junior and Senior 
year those who have been chosen to an editorial 
position on a periodical of the university. 

An effort is being made to introduce military 
drill in Leland Stanford, Jr., University. 


Boiodoin, 21; Bates, 3. 

The largest audience of the season saw Bowdoin 
win the second Bates game, May' 11th. Plaisted 
was at his best, and from the tirst it was simply a 
question of how many runs Bowdoin would score. 
The visitors went out iu one, two, three order for 
several innings, but Bowdoin, in the first, scored 
six runs on clean, hard hits, and added another 
score in the second. 

In the seventh inning Bates succeeded in scoring 
her first runs, and added one jn her half of the 
ninth. Mildram was an easy mark, and seemed to 
have no confidence in himself. Hinkley, Fairbanks, 
and Hutchinson led the batting for Bowdoin, while 
Wakefield was the only Bates man able to fathom 
Plaisted's delivery. In the field Bowdoin played a 
steady, though not a brilliant game. Brackett, at 
short, put up a strong game for Bates. The score : 


B.H. T.B. P.O. 

Fairbanks, 3b., .... 5 

Savage, lb 4 4 2 .5 11 1 

Hinkley, l.f., 5 :j 4 8 1 

Williams, r.t, s.s., .. 4 1 1 .3 1 

Sykes, 2b 4 2 2 3 3 5 1 

Allen, c 4 2 2 4 li 

Farrington, r.f., ... 2 

Chapman, c.f. 6 1 2 2 

Hutchinson, s.s., c, . . 5 3 3 3 4 1 

Plaisted, p., 5 


44 21 21 32 27 10 4 


B.H. T.B. P.O. 

Wakefield, 3b., .... 5 2 2 2 2 2 

Campbell, c.f 4 1 1 1 1 

Hoffman, c, 4 6 2 

Pennell, lb., 3 1 8 

Brackett, s.s 3 1 3 4 1 

Genish, r.f 3 1 1 1 2 

Douglass, 2b 3 1 1 

Pulsifer, l.f., 2 1 1 

Mildram, p., 4 1 1 1 2 

Totals ,32 3 5 


24 10 


Bowdoin 61014630 x— 21 

Bates, 00000020 1-3 

Earned runs— Bowdoin, 10. Two-base hits — Savage, 
Williams, Sykes, and Plaisted. Three-base hits — Hinkley 
2, Williams, Allen. Sacrifice hits — Fairbanks, Savage, 
Williams 2, Sykes, Douglass, Pulsifer. Stolen bases — 



Fairbanks 2, Hinkley 2, Sykes 2, Chapman, Hutchinson, 
Plaisted, Pennell, Douglass, Pulsifer. Double play — 
Sykes and Savase. Base on balls — Savage, Hinkley, 
Sykes, Pennell, Brackett, GerMsh. Hit by pitched ball— 
Pulsifer. Struck out— by Plaisted, Campbell, Hoffman 2, 
Pennell 2, Douglass, Pulsifer; by Mildram— Farrington 2, 
Sykes, Hutchinson. Passed ball— Allen. Wild pitches— 
Mildram 2. First base on errors — Bowdoin 5, Bates 2. 
Time — 2h. 15m. Umpire— S. J. Kelley, Lewiston. 

Bowdoin, '96, 23; Colby, '96, 6. 
Friday, May ]2tli, the Pi'eshman team celebrated 
Arbor Day by defeating the Colby Freishnien to the 
tune of 23 to 6. The feature of the game was the 
pitching of Williams, who struck out thirteen men. 
Swan caught a good game, aud Willard covered 
his position well. Warren, Willard, aud Coburn 
led the batting. Hutchinson, of the Bowdoin team, 
and Puriugton, of the Colby uine, served as umpires. 
The score : 


Willard. lb 613. 3 0280 

Williams, p 5 3 110 3 2 2 

Warren, c.f 64440100 

Dana, s.s 64221111 

Bailey, l.f 02110210 

Smith, 2b 61230002 

Swan, c 6 2 2 2 1 13 5 

Merrill, r.f 5 3 000100 


. 51 23 

18 19 2 12 27 10 




A.B. K. 

B.H. T.E. S.H. S.B. P.O. A. 


Hansoom, 2b., s.s., ..200001306 
Kimball, 3b., ....310001231 

Cofiin, 2b 30 000100 

Tooker, l.f 410001201 

Thompson, lb., ...410001710 
Purinton, c, .... 3 1 1 2 1 1 6 2 3 
Trueworthy, r.f., ..410000001 

Foster, p., 3b 311102123 

Burton, s.s. , p., ...3 01102131 
Collins, c.f 401100102 

Totals, .... 32 6 4 5 1 9 24 11 18 

Earned runs— Colby, 1; Bowdoin, 1. Two-base hit — 
Purinton. Double play — Kimball and Hanscom. Bases 
on called balls— by Foster, 2; Williams, 5. Struck out — 
by Foster, 5; Burton, 1; Williams, 13. Passed balls— 
Purinton, 1; Swan, 1. Wild pitches— Williams, 3. Time 
of game— 2h. 20m. Umpires— Hutchinson and Purinton. 

Colby, 9; Bowdoin, 2. 

Last Saturday, Bowdoin lost her first league game 

to Colby by the above score. Whitman pitched a 

strong game for Colby, giving no bases on balls, 

striking out seven men, aud fielding and batting 

well. The game was lost in the second inning, 

when Colby made seven runs on five hits and, a 

couple of unfortunate errors. Bowdoin did not 

score until the sixth, when she put one run to her 

credit, auother being added in the ninth. Lombard, 

Williams, and Latlip led the batting. The score: 


A.B. R. B.H. T.B. S.H. P.O. A. E. 

Hall, lb., .... 5 3 13 1 

Hoxie, 2b 50 110120 

Latlip, l.f., ....4 1 2 3 1 1 
Purinton, r.f., ..51220200 
Coffin, c, ....4 1 8 2 

Jackson, s.s 51110031 

Lombard, c.f., ..51330100 

Nichols, 3b 51110142 

Whitman, p., ..41220050 



Fairbanks, 3b., . . 5 

Savage, lb 4 

Hinkley, l.f. ... 4 

Williams, r.f., s.s., . 4 

Sykes, 2b 4 

Allen, c, r.f., . . 4 

Chaijman, c.f., . . 4 

Hutchinson, s.s., C, 4 

Plaisted, p., ... 4 

9 12 



R. B.H. T.B. 

Totals, ... 37 2 6 9 5 27 10 7 


Colby, . . 1 7 
Bowdoin, . 

10 0—9 
10 1—2 

Earned runs— Colby, 4. Two-base hits— Latlip, Allen. 
Three-base hit— Williams. Stolen bases — Hall 2, Purinton, 
Nichols, Savage, Sykes, Chapman, Hutchinson 2, Plaisted. 
Passed balls — Allen, Hutchinson. First on balls — 
Hall, Latlip, Coffin, Whitman. First base on errors — 
Colby 1; Bowdoin, 4. Struck out — Latlip, Lombard, 
Savage, Hinkley, Sykes, Allen 3, Plaisted. Umpire — 
Kelly, of Lewiston. Time — 2h. 30m. 

Standing of the College League. 

Played. Won. Lost. Percent, won. 

Bowdoin, ..5...4...1... .800 
/Colby, ...4. ..2. ..2. 
Bates, ...4. ..2. ..2. 
M. S. C 3 ... ... 3 . 


Boiodoin, '96, 17; Westbrook Seminary, 3. 
On the 20th the Freshmen played the Westbrook 
Seminary team, on the Portland grounds, and 
defeated them by the following score. The features 
of the game were the batting of Dana, all-round 
playing of Willard, and a double play by Greenlaw 
and Emery. The score: 

BOWDOIN, '96. 

A.B. R. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. K. 

Coburn, p. 6 3 1 3 1 

Warren, c.f. 5 3 2 2 2 

Willard, lb., 6 2 2 2 13 

Bailey, l.f 6 3 3 3 

Dana, s.s. 6 2 3 4 3 1 1 

Swan, c, 6 1 5 1 2 

Dane, 3b. 5 2 2 2 

Smith, 2b 6 2 1 1 3 1 

Merrill, r.f., 5 1 2 2 1 1 

Totals 50 17 13 14 27 11 




A.B. R. E.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Emery, 2b., 4 1 1 1 2 2 1 

Peterson, l.f., .... 3 1 

Robinson, s.s. 4 3 3 1 

Greenlaw, 3b., .... 4 1 1 2 3 2 5 

Haskell, c.f 4 1 01 

Neal, c, 4 1 1 4 2 4 

Noyes, p 4 2 1 2 

Kimball, lb., 4 13 4 

Lord, r.f., 4 1 

Totals, ... 35 3 3 4 27 11 18 


1234. 5 0789 
Bowdoin, 'fl6, ..40000280 3—17 
Westbrooks, ...00021000 0—3 

Two-base hits— Greenlaw, Dana. Passed balls — Neal, 
3; Swan, 2. Wild pitches— Noyes, 2; Coburn, 1. Bases 
on balls— Peterson, Warren, Meri-ill. Hit by pitched ball 
— Lord, Smith, Bailey. Sacrifice hits — Warren, Dane. 
Stolen bases — Emery, Peterson, Neal, Kimball, Coburn 2, 
Warren 2, Willard, Bailey 2, Dana, Dane, Smith. Struck 
out — Peterson, Robinson, Greenlaw, Haskell, Lord, Mer- 
rill. Double play- Greenlaw and Emery. Time of game 
— lh.45m. Umpires— Libby, Bowdoin; Robinson, Shaw's 
Business College. 

The College ToiiTDament is fast ueariiig comple- 
tion. Owing to unfavorable weather it has taken 
more time than was expected, but the interest iu 
the matches has been well sustained, and the tour- 
nament shows conclusively that there is plenty of 
good tennis material in college. At the date of this 
writing the finals and semi-final rounds have not 
been played, but appearances point to Dana, '94, as 
the probable winner in singles. We give below the 
scores of the matches : 


Preliminary Round. 

Winner. Loser. Score. 

Fahyan, '93. Libby, '94. 6-2, 7-5 

Bucknam, '93. W. Kimball, '95. 6-2, 6-3 

First Round. 

Fabyan. Bucknam. 

Leighton, '95. Merritt, '94. ' 6-3, 6-4 

Fogg, '90. Buss, '95. 6-0, 6-3 

Lord, '95. Knowlton, '95. 6-1, 6-0 

Hinkley, '94. Eastman, '96. 6-3, 6-3 

Pierce, '93. Briggs, '94. Default 

Dana, '94. W. Haskell, '95. 6-0, 6-1 

Dane, '96. Whitcomb, '94. 6-2, 6-1 

Barker, '93. Bryant, '94. 6-1, 6-3 

Dana, '96. Lord, '94. 6-0, 6-2 

French, '95. Oakes, '96. 6-1, 6-0 

Emery, '93. Webber, '95. 6-2, 6-3 

Pickard, '94. Frost, '96. 6-0, 6-1 

Foster, '96. Chamberlain, '93. 6-2, 6-3 

Payson, '93. Stetson, '95. Default 

Jones, '93. Littlefield, '94. 6-1, 6-2 

Second Round. 


6-3, 6-1 



6-4, 1-6, 6-0 



6-1, 6-0 

Dana, '94. 



Dana, '90. 


6-2, 3-6, 6-3 



6-4, 1-6, 6-0 



6-2, 6-1 



Third Bound. 

7-5, 7-5 



3-6, 6-4, 6-1 

Dana, '96. 


6-3, 6-4 



10-8, 10-8 

Preliminary Romid. 

Winners. Losers. Score. 

Pierce and Pickard. Foster and Coburn. 6-0, 6-0 

Dane and Leighton. Emery and Knowlton. 6-0, 6-3 

Payson and Dana. Libby and Kimball. (i-3, 6-1 

Fabyan and Bucknam. French and Webber. Default 

Bryant and Littlefield. Merritt and Frost. 6^,6-0 

First Round. 
Pierce and Pickard. Dane and Leighton. 6-1, 6-3 

Payson and Dana. Fabyan and Bucknam. 6-3, 6-3 

Bryant and Littlefield. Dana and Fogg. 2-6, 6^, 11-9 
Jones and Lord. Hussey and Partner. Default 


Tuesday, Captain Carleton and his team left for 
Worcester, Mass., to take part in the annual field- 
day of the New England Intercollegiate Athletic 
Association. Following are the entries made by 
the college: Carleton, '93, quarter-mile run and 
hammer throw; Jones, '93, JOO-yards dash and 
broad jump; E. Thomas, '94, mile walk; Doherty, 
'9.5, 220 and lOO-yards dashes; Kimball, '95, ham- 
mer throw and putting shot; Soule, '9.5, mile run; 
Jackson, '95, mile walk; French, '95, broad jump 
and half-mile run; Knqwlton, '95, half-mile run; 
Bates, '96, putting shot; Brown, '90, 220 and 100- 
yards dashes. The members of the team have been 
doing very creditable practice work, and while it is 
not probable, since it is the first year of the college 
in the association, that many points will be won, 
yet a fair showing will doubtless be made. The 
usual field-day of the college will be held later in 
the term, probably June 10th, the idea of having it 
before the Worcester meet having been given up. 
When it does occur it is likely that several Bowdoin 
records will be broken, as has already been the case 
in practice. There is no danger this year that the 
annual field-day will be given up through lack of 
interest as was done last year. 




Next Sunday, the 28th, Rev. J. S. WilliamsoD, 
of Augusta, will preach in Memorial Hall at 7.30 
P.M. Professor Chapman and others will assist in 
the service. The chapel choir will furnish music. 
This is a special service for students and towns- 
people, and a large attendance is expected. 

A number of Bowdoin men are planning to 
attend the Students' Conference, to be held at 
Northfleld, Mass., July 1-12 inclusive. The Con- 
ference this year promises to be equal to any that 
have preceded it. The speakers who have already 
been secured to address the students are as follows: 
Professor Henry Drummond, of Glasgow, Scotland; 
Professor Van Dyde, of New York; Professor 
,Beach, Gen. Breokenridge, of Kentucky; Professor 
Perns, of Princeton ; Doctors Tyler and Fauuce, 
and Mr. Moody. C. S. Stagg, of the University of 
Chicago, will, as usual, have charge of the athletics. 
Professor Woodruff gave a very interesting lect- 
ure Sunday afternoon, at the Y. M. C. A. rooms, on 
the " Life and Work of Bishop Harrington." 

The membership of our college Association num- 
bers one hundred and eleven. This includes both 
active and associate members. 

The "Bowdoin Handbook," issued gratuitously 
by the Association, and containing valuable infor- 
mation for new students, will be ready for distribu- 
tion by Commencement. Copies may be had by 
applying to G. A. Merrill, '94. 

'26. — Isaac McLellau, one 
of the favorite poets of 
Maine, was eighty-seven years old 
' on Sunday, May 21 st, and his friends 
celebrated the anniversary of his birth, at 
Greenpoint, L. I., N. Y. He was born at 
Portland in 1806, and is a member of the famous 
Scotch-Irish family of McLellan. 

'40. — Samuel Lane Young was born of old New 
England stock, in Lanesville, a village of Glouces- 
ter, Mass, on the third day of January, 1813. He 

studied at Atkinson Academy, New Hampshire, and 
was a graduate of Bowdoin College in the class of 
1840, and of the Harvard Medical School, class of 
1853, having taught school in the meanwhile. He 
practiced medicine in Lanesville and Marblehead, 
and was resident physician of the State Almshouse 
at Bridgewater, Mass. The latter part of his life 
he lived at South Portland, where he died. 

Possessing moral courage, humanity, love of 
justice, and public spirit, he eariy joined the few 
despised enthusiasts who, under the lead of William 
Lloyd Garrison and Wendell Phillips, formed the 
Peace party, the Abolition party, and later the 
Woman Suffragists, while he became a most active 
supporter of the young Republican party in its efforts 
to check African slavery. He also allied himself with 
the transcendentalists who gathered about Ralph 
Waldo Emerson and Bronsou Alcott, and was a fol- 
lower of Theodore Parker in his belief: " The letter 
killeth, the spirit giveth life." He thus came to 
know and to feel the inspiring influence of most 
of the leading spirits of the New England of a past 
generation. He not only was proud to entertain in 
his home the hated abolition orator, but he gave 
secret shelter to the hunted black man. He could 
reproduce from his retentive memory a minute and 
varied panorama of our national history during 
this century. He disliked secret societies because 
he was averse to the caste spirit as well as to forms 
and symbols. As a physician he was opposed to 
the habitual use of tobacco, and he was a friend to 
temperance generally. Healthy and contented, he 
passed a long and happy life. He leaves a widow 
and one Aaaghter.— Portland Press. 

'44.— At a meeting of the Oxford Bar, on Tues- 
day, May 9th, the following resolutions were adopted 
regarding Judge W. W. Virgin : 

Whereas, Death has again loosed the silver cord and 
summoned from our fraternity a brother, reminding us 
that lite, though full of years, is hut the entrance to the 
great hereafter ; therefore 

Resolved, That by the decease of brother William Wirt 
Virgin we have lost a kind and sympathetic friend, a 
genial companion, a wortliy brother, and a generous and 
large-hearted man. We sincerely mourn his loss, and 
extend our sympathy to his family and friends. 

Resolved, That the secretary be directed to forward a 
copy of these resolutions to the bereaved family of the 
deceased, as an expression of our sincere grief at their 

Resolved, That these resolutions be presented to the 
Court for its concurrence and entry upon its records. 

'46.— On May 16th, the Cumberland Supreme 
Court held a session, at which memorial addresses 
were made upon Judge J. A. Waterman, by S. C. 

bowdoin orient. 


Strout, Esq., Judge Symonds, Hon. F. M. Ray, and 
Judge Walker. Judge Symonds spoke of Judge 
Waterman's college life as follows : "He was a grad- 
uate of Bowdoin College, in the class of 1846, and 
it is a striking illustration of the part Bowdoin has 
played in the legal history of Maine, not to speak 
of other fields than the law, and of the number 
of her graduates who have won distinction at 
the Bar in other States than Maine, that among 
his classmates were Jairus Ware Perry, the author 
of the work upon trusts; Josiah Pierce, Jr., who 
began practice in Portland, but has lived 
abroad, acquiring an honorable fame by other than 
professional paths; William Whitney Rice, the 
distinguished citizen and public mau of Worcester, 
Mass.; Charles Augustus Spofford and Thomas 
Hammond Talbot; and if we were to include all 
who were contemporary with Mr. Waterman during 
any period of his college course, the Ust would 
contain the names of Joseph Dane, Samuel Jame- 
son Anderson, Henry Knight Bradbury, the three 
brothers Deane, David Robinson Hastings, Charles 
Weston Larrabee, George Freeman Noyes, Willliam 
Wirt Virgin, Alvah Black, Moses Morrill Butler, 
Thomas Amory DeBlois Fessenden, John Munroe 
Groodwin, Ralph Waldo Johnson, William Colburn 
Marshall, Charles Benjamin Merrill, Frederick Pox, 
Dexter Arnold Hawkins, Samuel Fisher Humphrey, 
Albert Harris Ware, and Joseph Williamson." 

'50.— In response to an invitation from leading 
citizens. Senator William P. Frye repeated his 
eulogy on James G. Blaine, at City Hall, Lewiston, 
Friday evening, May 19th. 

'50. — Gen. 0. 0. Howard was present at the 
recent gathering of Union and Confederate veterans 
in Philadelphia at the banquet of the Union 
League Club. He afterward visited Gettysburg, in 
company with Generals Longstreet, Alexander, 
Mahone, Sickles, C. H. Howard, Gregg, and a large 
company of other ex-soldiers. 

'50. — At the annual meeting of the Maine Com- 
mandery of the Loyal Legion, Rev. John Smith 
Sewall was elected Chaplain of the Commandery 
for 1893. 

'51.— Charles W. Roberts has been elected 
Chancellor of the Maine Commandery of the Loyal 

'57.— N. A. Robbins, of Maine, of the sixth 
auditor's office in the Treasury Department at 
Washington, has tendered his resignation. 

'58.— One of the most attractive volumes of 
verse issued this year is a collection of translations 

from the Italian poet, Carducci, by Rev. Prank 
Sewall. The volume also contains two introductory 
essays on the part taken by the author in modern 
Italian literature. 

'60. — Hon. Lemuel G. Downes, of the Governor's 
Council, was a member of the Maine party to the 
World's Fair which went out recently on a special 
train. Mr. Downes wasaccompaniedby his daughter. 

'60.— Hon. Thomas B. Reed has presented the 
sura of twenty-five dollars to a hook and ladder 
company at West Kennebunk who were struggling 
to set themselves up in the fire-engine business 
without the aid of the town. 

'61.— General Thomas W. Hyde, of Bath, is a 
member of the Subscription Committee of the Blaine 
Memorial Association, whose purpose is to raise 
funds for erecting a monument to Mr. Blaine at 

At the recent annual dinner of the Loyal 
Legion of Maine, General Hyde read a paper of great 
interest, entitled "An Experience at Antietam." 

'61.— Edwin Emery, Esq., of Ne^ Bedford, 
Mass., has in preparation a full and elaborate 
history of the town of Sandford, Me., of which he 
is a native. 

'62.— Principal Frank A. Hill, of the Cambridge 
English High School, has received an offer from the 
supervisor of the Boston Public Schools, which he 
has now under consideration and may accept. The 
city of Boston is to establish a manual training 
school, and Mr. Hill is offered the position of head- 
master or superintendent. It is to be known as the 
Mechanic Arts High School, and the building is to 
be located on the Back Bay. It is understood that 
Mr. Hill's salary will be $3,800. Mr. Hill went to 
Cambridge from Chelsea about seven years ago, 
and has achieved much success in building up the 
English High School in that place. 

Medical, '67.— The Leivist07i Journal, of Satur- 
day, May 13th, gives a very good portrait of Dr. 
F. C. Thayer, of Waterville, Surgeon-General on 
the staff of the Governor, whom he accompanies 
to the World's Columbian Exposition. 

'73.— Dr. D. A. Robinson is a member of the 
Maine party to the World's Pair at Chicago. 

'76.— Bion Wilson, Esq., whose father, Hon. 
Edward Wilson, was a member of the Democratic 
National Committee for Maine, and who himself 
was formerly deputy surveyor of the port of Port- 
land under Cleveland's first administration, has 
just been appointed bank examiner for Maine. 

'76.— Mr. Arlo Bates, who has been invited to 
send collections of his published works to seven 



different exhibits at the World's Fair, writes 
pointedly in the Book Buyer thns : " Who wants to 
see anybody's books at such a place? The mana- 
gers of the different exhibits would do better to 
have a row of boards painted and lettered with the 
names of whatever works they choose, and they 
will have precisely what they desire a,t less expense 
to themselves and to the authors. As for the public, 
it will never be the wiser." 

^77. — Mr. William Perry, a member of the Essex 
Bar, practicing at Salem, Mass., has been appointed 
clerk of the First Essex District Court in Salem. He 
is a son of the late Jairus Ware Perry, '46, a noted 
lawyer and writer on jurisprudence. Mr. Perry 
has served in the Salem common council and is now 
a member of the board of registrars of voters. 

'81.— Rev. Carroll E. Harding, son of Rev. H. F. 
Harding, of East Machias, has lately been settled 
over a large and prosperous Episcopal society at 
Baltimore, Md. 

'90. — Charles Lyman Hutchinson, of Portland, 
has been admitted to the Cumberland County Bar. 

'92. — L. K. Lee is teaching a term of school at 

Book ^^vi^\fJ%. 

(Histoire D'un Paysan, par Erchmann-Chatrian, 
edited with notes by W. S. Lyon, M.A. D. C Heath 
& Co., Boston.) This interesting little story is a 
description of what the peasants suffered, about 
the time of the French Revolution. It is not diffi- 
cult, and its notes, which contain mucli that is 
interesting and instructive in regard to French 
history, make it an excellent book for the class- 

(Le Cure de Tours. Balzac. D. C. Heath & Co., 
Boston.) This carefully edited edition, published 
at popular prices, contains few if any better volumes 
than this. Balzac is well known as the best repre- 
sentative of the French realistic school, and to say 
that a story is his is sufficient praise. 

(Old English Ballads, selected and edited by 
Prof. F. B. Grummere.) This valuable work is now 
in press and will soon be placed on sale. Messrs. 
Ginn & Co. will see to it that its typographical ap- 
■ pearance is up to the standard of the literary work. 

(Standard Dictionary. Funk & Wagnalls Co.) 
When the Century Dictionary appeared, many 

thought that the highest attainable perfection had 
been reached, but already a work is under way 
which will surpass it in many points. The Stand- 
ard Dictionary intends to be the standard. Com- 
bining many new features with the best of the old, 
it is at once brief and exhaustive. Over two 
hundred specialists, besides a host of correspond- 
ents, have been hard at work for mouths at this 
gigantic task, which is now approaching completion. 
(Die Erkcbung Europas gegen Napoleon I. H. 
vou Sybel. Ginn & Co.) This essay, which is now 
in press, is intended especially for students in their 
second year of German. The annotation is limited 
to the real needs of the student, and it aims to 
encourage rapid reading rather than the study of 
minute grammatical points. 

It is very probable the Pennsylvanian will be 
issued as a daily hereafter. 

One hundred and two members of the House of 
Representatives are college graduates. 

Williams College is arranging for an expedition 
to Labrador during the summer vacation. 

A $1,000 silver cup will be the prize competed 
for at the international athletic contests in Chicago 
August 11th and 12th. 

The Cornell University Glee and Banjo clubs 
have returned from a tour of 4,000 miles. They 
gave concerts in Toledo, Milwaukee, Chicago, St. 
Paul, St. Louis and other places. 

The Harvard Camera Club has completed a set 
of one hundred and twenty views of the different 
buildings connected with the university. 

Heads of great men all remind us 
If we choose the proper way, 
"We can get up in the morning 
With a head as big as they. 




Camp Randall, at Maclisou, has been purchased 
by the Wisconsin Legislature. It will be fitted up 
as a drill ground and athletic field for the Univer- 
sity of Wisconsin. 

A Zulu belle is really like 

A proijhet, for, you see, 
She doesn't have much on 'er 

In her own country. — Cynic. 

The Scientific Beview, a new bi-weekly magazine, 
will be published at Cornell in July. 

The students at Brown have appealed to the 
alumni aud to Rhode Islanders in general to raise 
the $1,000,000 considered necessary to tide the 
college over its present financial crisis. 

Williams College is to celebrate her one hun- 
dredth anniversary the coming fall. 

The University of Chicago has decided to open 
its dormitories for the accommodation of the edu- 
cational public during the World's Fair. Many 
institutions are planning to make the university 
their headquarters. 

The Ohio Senate has passed a bill making hazing 
and branding misdemeanors; the former punishable 
by a fine of from $100 to $300, and from six months 
to two years' imprisonment, and for the latter a 
term in the penitentiary. 

The Chicago Navy is having a four-mile course 
constructed off Chicago in Lake Michigan. It is 
fur use in the intended international regatta this 

A collection of college songs has recently been 
made at Williams; 

The Amherst Senate recently voted to abolish 
compulsory attendance at chapel. The only dis- 
senting vote was cast by President Gates, who 
straightway vetoed the senate's action. 

A national college song book will be published 
in Chicago this summer. 

The University of Missouri has received an 
appropriation of $250,000 from the State Legisla- 

A dormitory building is to be erected at the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania to cost $125,000. 

This year, owing to the popularity of debating, 
one hundred aud fifty Tale Sophomores have elected 
elocution. Last year it was elected by less than 

Harvard University has three hundred and eight 
more students than last year, and forty-one more 
professors. Tale has one hundred and eighty-five 
more students and twenty-nine more professors. 

A new gymnasium will be built at Andover as 
soon as the necessary money can be collected. 


Her great dark eyes upon me shone, 
As on the stairs we sat alone. 
So swift her glances played their part 
And took possession of my heart, 
That straightway I was all undone. 

I aslced her in a tender tone 
To marry me and be my own. 
She laughed — I noticed with a start 
Her great dark eyes. 

A dread fear chilled me to the bone, 
I grew as cold as any stone, 
For glass and some optician's art 
Had made one eye which came apart ! 
And so that night they captured none ; 
Her great dark eyes. 

— Williams Weekly. 

$2,600 has been given to Cornell to purchase a 
launch for the use of the coach and crews. 

Lehigh has recently changed her college yell. 

The sum of all the salaries of college professors 
is annually $80,000,000. 

For the first time in the history of Tale, courses 
in physical culture will be offered next year. 

During the past year Dartmouth has received 
$800,000 from legacies. 

In addition to Soule Hall, which is now building, 
Exeter is to have another dormitory, 1.50 x 38 feet, 
and three stories high. 

" Breathes there a man with soul so dead. 
Who never (to himself) hath said," 
As he stubbed his toe against the bed; — 

— The Radiator. 

Two hundred and fifty men of Cornell have sub- 
scribed their names to a pledge to form an organiza- 
tion for the suppression of fraud in the college 

The students of Ann Arbor have been denied 
the right to vote. They elected their own men to 
run the town, consequently the State Legislature 
sat on them. 

Dr. Andrew J. White, Tale, '46, has announced 
that he intends to present Tale with a new dormi- 
tory, 190 feet long aud four stories high, with a 
central pavilion of an additional story. 


Her lips were uplifted. 

She leaned on his breast; 
Her head touched the button. 

And he did the rest. 

— Williams Weekly. 



Harvard, Haverford, and the University of Penn- 
sylvania compose the only intercollegiate cricket 
association in the United States. 

Harvard and Pennsylvania have just completed 
arrangements for two foot-ball games to be played 
on Thanksgiving Day; one this year, at Cambridge, 
and the other in 1894, at Philadelphia. 

The sum of $2,500 has been placed at the dis- 
posal of the President of Columbia, to enable a 
number of meritorious students of that college to 
visit the World's Fair at Chifcago, vpbo without some 
assistance, would be unable to meet the expense. 

Since 1887 Harvard Scientific School has in- 
creased from 14 to 181 in attendance. 

At its annual commencement in June, Johns 
Hopkins University will for the first time bestow a 
degree on a woman. 

Minnesota University will have an address by 
some distinguished speaker, instead of the usual 
orations at commencement time. 


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Vol. XXIII. 


No. 4. 





F. W. PicKARD, '94, Managing Editor. 

F. J. LiEBY, '94, Assistant Managing Editor. 

B. L. Bryant, '95, Business Manager. 

H. E. Andrews, '94. A. G. Wiley, '95. 

E. M. Simpson, '94. J. C. Minot, '96. 

H. W. Thayer, '95. H. H. Pierce, '9B. 

J. E. Dunning. 

Per annum, in advance, $2.00. 

Single Copies 15 Cents. 

Extra copies can be obt.iined at the bookstores or ou applica- 
tion to the Business RIauager. 

Ilemittances slioulU be made to the Business Manager. Com 
inunlcations iu regard to all other matters should he directed to 
tlie Mauagiug Editor. 

.Students, Professors, and Alumni arc invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Rhyme and Ueason Department should be 
sent to Box 6, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should be sent to Box 140, Brunswick, Me. 

Biitered at the Post-Offlce at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 

Vol. XXIII., No. 4.— June 14, 1893. 

Editorial Notes 4g 

Alpha Delta Phi Convention, 4f; 

The Pessioptimist, ^f 

Ivy Day : 

Oration, ^y 

Poem, 4g 

Presentations and Responses, 40 

Ivy Ode, gp 

I^y Hop gg 

Rhyme and Reason; 

Inseparable gy 

The Diver, g.^ 

CoLLEGii Tabula, gg 

Athletics, gg 

Personal go 

Ivy Day, with its literary exercises, 
its impressive chapel service, and its brilliant 
hop, is over. Comment and praise is entirely 
unnecessary. There vs^as a harmony, a spirit 
of universal good-fellowship, that made the 
occasion especially noticeable and attractive. 
Throughout the week the weather was per- 
fect, and the throngs of visitors could not 
help being charmed by the appearance of 
the college and campus. 'Ninety-four is 
certainly to be congratulated on the success 
of her Ivy Day. 

TT IS not often that the end of the college 
-*■ league season finds two rival nines tied 
for the championship, but the unexpected 
has happened, and Bates after beginning the 
season by losing two out of the first four 
games played, has won in her turn five 
straight games. The decisive game is of 
great importance, for Bowdoin's record in 
base-ball is not above reproach, and to lose 
the pennant, after leading in the race from 
start to finish, would be not onl}' a disap- 
pointment to the students and alumni, but a 
positive injury to the athletic reputation of 
the college. The game will have been 
played before this Orient appears, and we 
sincerely hope it will have resulted in a 



0UR representatives in the Intercollegiate 
Tennis Tournament, held in Portland, 
two weeks ago, " came, saw, and conquered." 
But the cups were not captured without a 
struggle, for although the championship in 
singles was easily won, the matches for 
the championship in doubles and for second 
place in singles were hard fought, and in both 
of these events Bowdoin's chances seemed 
at times decidedly poor. As we predicted a 
few weeks since, Bowdoin will hold all 
three of the cups this year, but we wish to 
emphasize one thing — we will tiot win all 
three next j^ear unless our men train longer 
and work harder than they have done. 
Nearly half of the men from the other col- 
leges are in the lower classes and will have 
several years more in which to compete. 
Moreover, this year they have played well 
enough to make our men strain every nerve 
to win. It will take hard work and plenty 
of it to repeat this year's record next June. 

WE SINCERELY hope that the Faculty 
will make arrangements with Mr. Bel- 
lows for a lecture course next year. Those 
of the Junior Class who have been fortunate 
enough to listen to him this term unite in 
saying that he has made a na;turally uninter- 
esting course both attractive and instructive. 

TITHE next number of the Orient will 
-'■ contain a full report of the events of 
Commencement week, including the Bacca- 
laureate sermon, the Class Day parts, and 
the various other literary and social exer- 
cises of the week. Owing to the alderraanic 
proportions of the issue extra copies, as in 
former years, will be furnished at 25 cents 
each, and may be obtained of any member 
of the Editorial Board. 

Leland Stanford is to have a club-house on the 
campus for bachelor professors. 

Alpha Delta Phi Convention. 
TrfHE sixty-first annual convention of the 
-'• Alpha Delta Phi fraternity was held in 
New York City, May 11th and 12th, under 
the auspices of the Executive Council. The 
convention was opened Thursday morning. 
May 11th, by Secretary Robert S. Rudd in 
the absence of President Clarence A. Seward, 
at Masonic Temple, corner Sixth Avenue 
and Twenty-third Street. Routine and cus- 
tomary business was transacted till nearly 
one o'clock, when a recess was taken until 
the afternoon session at two o'clock. 

In the evening a reception was given by 
the Alpha Delta Phi Club, at their club- 
house, for the visiting delegates, at which 
were present many of the well-known mem- 
bers of the fraternity who live in and 
around New York. The reception lasted 
until a late hour, and with talk and songs 
of Alpha Delta Phi, accompanied by a fine 
supper, an evening of pleasant and fraternal 
enjoyment was spent by guests and hosts. 

Friday morning the regular business ses- 
sion was opened by President Seward in the 
chair. In the afternoon the delegates were 
the guests of the Columbia Chapter, which 
chartered a yacht and took the visitors for a 
/ sail up the Hudson and a trip to the foreign 
war ships stationed in North River. 

Friday evening over two liundred Alpha 
Delts assembled at Delmonico's for tlie 
annual banquet. President Seward acted as 
toast-master. The Rev. E. Winchester Don- 
ald, D.D., the successor of Phillips Brooks 
at Trinity Church, Boston, responded to the 
toast, "Alpha Delta Phi "; Joseph H. Choate 
to " High Thinking and Plain Living." Mr. 
Choate paid tribute to the eminent men who 
had belonged to the Harvard Chapter, whose 
lives had been a living exemplification of 
high thinking and plain living^James Rus- 
sell Lowell, Edward Everett Hale, James C. 
Carter, Phillips Brooks, and George William 
Curtis. The other toasts and speakers were 



as follows: "The Commonwealth," Gen. 
Thomas Ewing; "Songs of Alpha Delta 
Phi," Hamilton W. Mabie ; "The American 
University," Professor Benjamin J. Wheeler; 
"The Coming Man," Bartow S. Weeks. 
Among the prominent Alpha Deltas there 
were Ellis H. Roberts, Everett P. Wheeler, 
Rev. Dr. Matson, J. Sloat Fassett, Horatio 
W. Twombly, Benjamin W. Woodward, Nel- 
son S. Spencer, L. H. Nutting, George D. 
Peet, Judge Cowing, and many others. 

At an early hour the following morning 
the banqueters sang the parting song, and 
a most enjoyable convention was ended. 
Delegates were present from all the chapters. 
The next convention will be held at Cleve- 
land, Ohio. Philip M. Shaw, '93, and Joseph 
H. Roberts, '95, were the delegates from the 
Bowdoin Chapter. 

^fpe ^e§§iopfimi§t. 

T„ET us ask ourselves the question, "What 
'-*■ have we really got from our four years' 
course at Bowdoin College?" Have we spent 
as much time as we ought in the stud}' of 
things which it is well to know? Have we 
preserved toward a fellow-student that gen- 
erous large-heartedness that is necessary to 
develop our social natures? There are hosts 
of questions such as these which we might 
ask, but we can strike at the root of it all 
when we really try and find just how much 
we have derived from our college course. 
Are we quicker mentally ; are we better 
fitted to meet the uncharitable world; have 
we clearer ideas of our duties in life socially 
and morally ; have we higher ideals of 
human living, that are yet not too high; all 
these things may we consider, and with what 


* * * * * 

The three lower classes will return to 
college next fall, refreshed, brightened, and 

ready for renewed work. The one hundred 
and fifty men composing these classes will, 
during the summer, see many things which, 
to an observing eye, will be full of life and 
interest. Why not take notice of some of 
these incidents of life on sea and shore, on 
hill and plain, in city and the field, and then 
tell your fellows about them next winter? 
Not half the good writers in any class con- 
tribute to the Orient, and there is any 
amount of room for improvement along this 
line. Don't hesitate because you can't write 
a novel; the editor wouldn't accept it if you 
could ; but just do a little thinking, keep your 

eyes wide open, and don't be afraid to 

tell us all about it. 

Ivy ®ay. 

1T7HE programme of the literary exercises 
*■ of the Junior class, held in Upper Memo- 
rial Hall last Friday, was as follows : 


Prayer. A. U. Ogilvie. 

Oration. P. H. Moore. 


Poem. H. E. Andrews. 

By President F. W. Dana. 
An Unknown Quantity — Encyclopsedia. 

G. A. Merrill. 
Our In-door Athlete— Broadsword. 

W. P. Thompson. 
Class Sport— Diamond Stud. F. J. Libby. 

Boy Chemist;— Lamb. R. P. Plaisted. 

Class Solon— Hat. H. L. Bagley. 

Popular Man- Wooden Spoon. F. G. Farrington. 

By Philip H. Mooke. 
As Mr. Moore's oration was extempora- 
neous we present only a brief extract : 

In every age the world has had its peculiar 
wants; it has ottered to men its special opportuni- 



ties and crowued with lionor and success those who 
have recognized these wants and opportunities and 
thrown thenaseh'es into its services. . . . To this 
law the Niueteentli Century is no exception. Every- 
where the world is advertising its demands of uien. 
. . . To supply in any true measure any one of 
these is not simply to survive among the flttesti to 
win fame and achieve success, but it is to do far 
better and greater service than this— it is to last- 
ingly contribute to the world's wealth and progress. 
And this leads me to the subject which I wish to 
present to you this afternoon, viz.: "The Man 
Wanted by the World To-Day. " ... His 
physical strength, his mental power, and the com- 
mon virtues essential to any life — these must be 
omitted here. Time will permit rae to mention 
only some special characteristics wanted in men at 

the present hour The first of these is 

a mind capable of appreciation ; a man v?bose eyes 
are open, whose nerves are sensitive, whose heart 
truly throbs; one who understands that he lives in 
the nineteenth century and not in the first, and that 
this century is full of problems awaiting his aid in 
their solution. . . . This man is asked to toil 
not for self alone, but, seeing where he can multiply 
his power for good in other lives, give head, hands, 
and heart to their service. . . . The world to 
this man is not a place where he can get so much 
out of it, but a place where he can put so much 
into it. . . . He holds him.self as a steward who 
uses his goods for the good of others 

A second quality wanting in men to-day is a 
genuine spirit of independence. . . . Independ- 
ence strong enough to resist the Shylock greed / 
for gain so common to Americans in this day; inde- 
pendence from the degrading creed and influence 
of materialism; independence from fashions and 
notions whose only claims are "popularity"; inde- 
pendence from that foe of morality and religion — 

A third virtue, no less uncommon than necessary, 
wanted by the world to-day is absolute loyalty to 
truth. Truthful speaking in society ; perpendicular 
honesty in business and in politics ; and disinter- 
ested researcb in science and in religion, that seeks 
only to know and proclaim the truth. . . . 
Finally, the world wants optimists. Those who 
believe that right is mightier than wrong; that 
man is rising and not falling, and that Heaven will 
be larger and fuller than Hades. . . . And this 
faith is not a fancy. Every page of history proves 
that the world is more humane, civilized, intelligent, 
and religious to-day than it ever was before. . . . 

To be a true optimist is to strengthen every good, 
to impart fidelity and patience to those about us, 
and to inspire those who come after us with broader 
views, deeper resolutions, and higher hopes. . . . 
To make our college training conduce to these ends 
and fit us for this service of the world is to draw to 
our aid the power of Eternal Right, and to receive 
the benediction of all humanity. 


If we could stay the steady course of time, 
Sweet memory, looking back when yeai's are o'er, 
Perhaps would bid the hour to cease its chime 
On this, the Ivy Day of 'Ninety-four. 

We sing, 'tis true, the pleasure of these years. 
While we enjoy them, — 'tis our constant theme ; 
Yet memory exalts her view, and clears 
From petty circumstance her happy dream. 

And so will she with partial gaze behold 
The crowning of these years in this array 
Of cap and gown, — the worthiest to be told, 
The consummation, in this Ivy Day. 

But, calling fancy from life's climbed hill 
Whence nobler glimpses of life's lowland are. 
And whence alone this day may seem ideal 
To us, freed from its present, seen from far, 

T' the moment we return to seek the view 

Of all who come so kindly here to-day ; 

What seems this college life, then, friends, to you? 

"An easy ideal life," will you not say? 

Your pardon if complacency too great 
Appears an egoism in our questioning; 
You toss us gratulations on our state. 
And often 'tis for further ones we sing 

The pleasure of these 3'ears ; because each knows 
His life is thought ideal ; so we prize 
Beyond the truth this fancy sphere, and pose 
As that we seem to be in others' eyes. 

There conies, unceasing with the ce.aseless round 
Of transient years, a band of college-bound 
Young men, — of different purpose, different mind, 
But with a common eager hope, — to find 
The chosen Alma Mater will afford 
The joys to which anticipation soared, — 
The joys which mark, as prophecies declare, 
The pleasantest four yeai's of life ! How fair 
The outlook is ! How every commonplace 



Of college and of campus dons a grace 

Unvvontetl to the glad sub-Freshman "s glance! 

All's tinged with but a drop of his romance. 

Some singing students down a path may stroll — 

The temporary envy of his soul, 

His fancyings the call of friend to friend 

Mysteriously deeper meaning lend. 

Impatiently he longs to realize 

The joys of this proverbial paradise ; 

Much profit — and much jjleasure he foresees, — 

The very tasks agreeable to one's ease, 

And if, perchance, there comes a harder one. 

More earnest efl'ort, and 'tis quickly done ; 

And if some honor worth a struggle seems, 

Why, honors come so easily in dreams. 

So throng, unceasing with the ceaseless round 

Of years, to scenes ideal, the college-bound. 

Life is life, and life is not ideal ; 

Strife is strife, and strife and life are real ; 

The elements of happy lot and life 

May mingle, yet there enters some small strife ; 

Small trouble to a more unfortunate — 

To him who suflers it, it seems as great. 

The ucean-pilot wintry storms a^jpall. 

The harbor helmsman dreads a summer squall. 

A man may conquer selfishness — may be 

No egoist; since personality 

And j^lace he cannot give or sell or loan, 

His thoughtful deep concern is for his own. 

So Nature fixes; he may meditate 

To better if he can, not change his state. 

Think not, then, 'tis undue complaint we bring 

In saying college life is not a thing 

Of ideal and perpetual joy, nor smile 

If we disclaim the "ego" and the while 

Yet drag our ills before the public eye. 

Within our own self circles, sympathy 

E.vtorting, seem to run around as thou. 

New England's own great seer, has said. For now 

When comes our turn to say, in serious wise 

A word of truth, perhaps, to moralize 

(As custom bids us do on Ivy Day) 

In whatsoever meager humble way. 

Lest, seeking fact, to fallacy we roam. 

We choose for safety's sake to stay near home, 

And if we find a trite and homely truth. 

Its precept not alone this passing youth 

Will benefit, but worthily will be 

As genuine for all humanity. 

A sphere of dreams, and then a world of fact ; 

A love of leisure, and a need to act; 

They meet and clash in every life. In ours 

More loudly clash they, for the fuller powers 

Of will aue not developed, and the mind 

Of youth to idleness is most inclined ; 

The strength of system steadily pursued 

Is not yet granted us against the mood. 

And still the purpose of our being here 

Is surely not to teach us that a sjihere 

Of dreams, or love of leisure life's course rules ! 

For fact and action, rather, are the schools 

To form and fashion youth in. Dreams and rest. 

The luxuries of life, are only blest. 

When, pure rewards, they respite industry ; 

And that, and that alone life's law must be. 

The use of visionary man is slight; 

The weight of idle man is feather-light ; 

But he who works, not dreams in idleness. 

Has weight and use, and finally success. 

What various men seek varying precepts out! 
The orators some lofty lesson shout ; 
The mighty poets eloquently show 
So different ways in which 'twere best to go ; 
Philosophers deduce their guiding laws ; 
A hundred times a year the preacher draws 
A single truth from greater truth; forthwith 
The humbler poets worthy precepts give; 
Great seers rebuke and re-direet an age ; 
Wise novelists with maxim fill their page ; 
In noble lives are many models found; 
And teachings everywhere ; there is no bound. 
And youth must choose from this infinity! 
Not what he'll choose, nor how, consider we. 
But this : Let him in choosing not forget 
The simplest truest truth of all ; that yet 
While men seek happiness, or meet with strife, 
Work is the law, 'The sober law of life.' 

F. W. DANA. 

Ladies and Gentlemen: 

It is my pleasant duty, or rather privilege, to 
extend to you all a very cordial welcome to these 
exercises. We congratulate ourselves upon the 
honor of your presence and ask you to enter heartily 
with us into all the exercises which shall constitute 
the present joyous occasiou, the celebration of our 
Ivy Day. 

Most of you are far too familiar with the signifi- 
cance of Junior Ivy Day for me to attempt any un- 
folding of its nature. Suffice it to say, then, that 
to-day is a high-licensed occasion, upon which we 
shall do away with all false modesty and speak 
proudly, nay, perhaps egotistically, of our class 



achievements and individual acquirements. These 
latter, however, I shall leave solely for those whose 
eminent fitness to dwell upon '94's marked and 
fated idiosyncrasies render it dangerous ground for 
me to tread upon. 

A few words, however, respecting the class 
itself, of which we are all justly proud to be mem- 
bers, may not be wholly out of place from me. It 
requires very little eflbrt of mind for us to view in 
retrospection the three stages of our history. The 
crowded events of our college career come sweep- 
ing in upon us and our minds are full of pleasant 

In the foreground of this fleeting panorama, we 
behold the green pastures of Freshman year stretch- 
ing peacefully before us in the verdancy of spring- 
time. As one of my classmates has most aptly ex- 
pressed it, "Physically, we were just budding into 
manhood (and handsome manhood, too), but men- 
tally we wei-e full-blown, and speedily took up our 
position as sole owners and proprietors of Bowdoin 
College, which position is now indisputably held by 
the class of '96." We found Brunswick, during 
that year at least, the dampest spot in all Christen- 

At the beginning of our Sophomore year, having 
learned the full value of a similar experience, we 
endeavored to hold regular evening classes for the 
higher education and instruction of Freshmen, until 
our esteemed Faculty, recognizing our noble en- 
deavor, relieved us of our arduous duties, and, con- 
jointly with our parents, henceforth nominally 
superintended this important branch of instruction. 
The sanguinary conflicts of this same period of our 
history dwindled into hopeless insigniflcance by rea- 
son of our indubitable supremacy in nearly all 
branches of athletics. Foot-ball, base-ball, rope- 
pull, and boat race successively furnished easy hon- 
ors for our athletes. And, as a proof that we are 
still maintaining our prestige, the class of '94 can 
claim the unwonted distinction of having furnished 
six of the nine men upon our victorious ball nine. 

But I must not pass over this period of worldly 
sapience without mentioning one event that is des- 
tined to be a matter of history, at least in the 
minds of '94. Time-honored horn-concert very 
nearly received her death-blow, as, indeed, but 
narrowly escaped being the case with several mem- 
bers of our class. It taught us far more potently 
than the fell conflict of the French Revolution, or 
even our own period of constitutional development, 
phat "in union there is strength," that in spirit 

there should be oneness, although in this particu- 
lar case there actually came near being one-less. 

And so, thus unified, we have passed on to this 
year, and in particular, this day, upon which we 
realize in fullest measure the dignity of our college 
existence, the fulness and richness of the ties that 
here bind us. In vain have we searched diligently 
in every crack and crevice for that proverbial 
"Junior ease." Like many another of '93's tender 
flowerets, it drooped and faded ere we reached it, 
as our Faculty, shrewdly guessing, I suppose, our 
increased intellectual capacity, crowded three 
terms' work of English history into two. Junior 
dignity also has had a severe struggle in resting its 
mantle upon several members of our class, but we 
trust will sit quietly through the exercises this 

But I must not longer deter you from that por- 
tion of the exercises to which you are all looking for- 
ward. It is my only regret that time forbids my 
bringing before you several members of our class 
whose cultivated idiosyncrasies and noble achieve- 
ments have made them pre-eminent among us. I 
have particularly in mind one who is an author, a 
genealogist, an anthropologist, and all-round scien- 
tist, whom we did not dare to let loose upon the 
present occasion. 

And so, in closing, I will simply say to you that 
as we shall look back upon to-day in after life, we 
shall find our highest pleasure in those ties which 
bind us now inseparably, ever indissolubly to- 
gether in our love for '94 and old Bowdoin. 

In accordance with custom I have now to make 
a few appropriate presentations. 

The President: 

Not since the days of Freshman year, when, as 
a class, we dwelt in the realms of mathematics and 
went through the daily routine of confessing our ignor- 
ance to each other and our instructor, has the 
thought of an unknown quantity or at least the 
consideration of such entered for a moment our 
minds. From that year to this we have been 
slowly recovering from the dire abstractions and 
mental aberrations into which our beloved profes- 
sor would feign have led us each and all. Although 
no resulting fatalities have yet been reported, we 
feel that the actual presence of an "unknown quan- 
tity" among us demands a public solution to-day in 
order to absolve the class from any future liabili- 
ties. The present low state of our treasury is the 
cause of our haste in the matter. I will be per- 



fectly frank with you and state that I have actually 
forgotten whether x or y should come flfst in the 
order of solution, and will, therefore, resort to an 
old and satisfactory custom of mine— that of asking 
some one else to "do it for me." 

Mr. Merrill, in looking over this book of general 
information, I found that it was full of mostly un- 
knoicn quantities. With the good-will of the class 
I present it to you, trusting that you will find at 
least companionship iu its pages and hoping above 
all that you may so cover yourselves with glory 
upon the present occasion as to merit the enlist- 
ment of your fair name amid its heroes. 

Mr, President, Fellow-Classmates : 

It is difficult for me to express the great pleasure 
and deep gratitude I feel in accepting this title and 
token of your esteem. I consider it an honor for 
two reasons; first, because, as I hope to make plain 
to you, the title implies many noble qualities; 
second, because it is always customary for one in 
my position to accept everything the class ofl'ers 
with thanks and due appreciation. 

Doubtless you all know the meaning of this 
obscure term, " unknown quantity." You have 
probably become acquainted with several of them 
in the course of your mathematical studies. From 
my own experience, gained through long hours with 
Analytics and Calculus, I infer you were very fond 
of them; that the slight labor required to discover 
their true meaning was as nothing— nay, gladly 
endured, if it was at last crowned with success. I 
have not, on my own authority, assumed this noble 
title; ah, no, it would have been base presumption, 
but I occupy such a high position in the regard of 
'94 that they have voluntarily conferred this great 
and lasting honor upon me. 

I would not, however, claim the exclusive honor 
of being the only unknown quantity in the class; for, 
since the first letters of the alphabet cannot possibly 
represent all the members beside myself, there must 
be at least two or three others who may rightfully 
lay claim to this dignified and honored title. I 
have no doubt those members are known to the 
class, but, by thus being singled out, I may be 
considered to have won the distinction of the 
" Great Unknown." 

It has always seemed to me that the presence 
of several unknown quantities in a class would 
prevent mental stagnation in those who are subject 
to that malady, by keeping a problem always 
before their eyes, and by thus arousing their 
sluggish minds to attempt its solutioa. 

But there is one thing that troubles me in my 
own case. You know how disappointing it is, after 
a long and tedious process of combining equations, 
to find, after you have eliminated your unknown 
quantity, that its value is only zero. The arduous 
labor you are obliged to perform leads you to attach 
considerable value to this mysterious object. Now, 
from a sense of inward weakness, I warn you that 
I may prove as disappointing as any unknoven 
quantity you ever dealt with. It would be sad 
indeed — I assure you I should feel it as keenly as 
any one — if my value should turn out to be zero, or, 
what is far worse, a negative quantity. 

Perhaps, however, I am not an algebraical x, y, 
or z. I have interpreted to you only the mathe- 
matical signification of my title, but unknown 
quantities exist in many departments of science. 
It may be that I am an unknown species of organic 
mineral, a substance vvhich I will admit can hardly 
be conceived and would be contrary to all known 
laws; but, then, I am unknown, and, may be, 
inconceivable. I may even turn out to be the 
"missing link" so often spoken of in connection 
with the doctrine of evolution. 

Although an unknown quantity, of whatever 
species, is apt to be shunned by some ordinary 
people— I refer to those who did not take Sophomore 
mathematics— yet a certain chosen few are always 
eager to find its value. Therefore I may have the 
consolation that, although studiously avoided by 
many, I shall have the companionship of the cream, 
so to speak, of the class of '94. 

But why do I thus harangue you? My own 
value and character are so uncertain, even to 
myself, that, for aught I know, I may belong to an 
entirely different race from any of my hearers, and 
no word of mine may have been comprehended by 
them. Granted that I am a human being, it may 
be that I have risen far above my fellows and have 
become a philosopher whose thoughts are so deep 
and whose style is so intricate that all ordinary 
people must forever remain in doubt as to their 
meaning. Yes, now I think of it, this must be the 
true explanation of '94's remarkable phenomenon, 
for often, yes, very often, this vagueness of speech 
has been noticed by my instructors when I at- 
tempted to explain the most simple matter. I have 
no doubt they have said to themselves: "What 
does this fellow mean ? This strange answer will 
bear thinking about"; and they deliberately put 
down in a book before them a small round spot to 
remind them of my answer to be considered at some 
future time, 



Like some undiscovered planet, whose existence 
seems to be assured by the perturbations it pro- 
duces upon other worlds, I wander among my 
fellows, known only by a few general impressions 
which seem to indicate that I am a human being 
like themselves but give them no clue to my real 

There Is much that is pleasant in this exclusive- 
ness, but I would not remain so forever. You ask 
me to place my name iu this book, but how can I 
when I am such an enigma to myself and others'? 
No, I feel that I shall need your help. I have no 
doubt the class will place a laurel upon the head 
of him who shall have the consummate skill to expel 
the mist that envelops me and expose to the world 
n]y true value. Then shall my name be enrolled in 
these fair pages, and future geuerations will reap 
the benefit of another problem solved. 

The President: 

Prima-donna successes have frequently turned 
the heads of people and seta whole populace wild 
with enthusiasm ; but certainly no less phenomenal 
has been the success of our iu-door athlete, the 
pride of '94. So devoted is he to his hobby that he 
has been the private in-door pupil of Prof, Whittier 
the entire present term. Those who do not know 
his athletic prowess call him a "put-ty " man, but 
one has only to feel his well-developed muscles in 
order to realize the inappropriateness of any such 
title. One important factor in his almost perfect 
system of training is the regularity of his slumberi 
even though frequently it carries him through a whole 
niorEing's recitation. The constancy of his late-hour 
astronomical observation furnishes some excuse for 
the latter. 

Mr. Thompson— the class presents you with this 
broadsword, as symbolic of a memorable day in 
the gym when you kept Professor Whittier practic- 
ing the retreat step for fully half an hour in a vain 
endeavor to resist your most merciless onslaught. 

Mr. President and Gentlemen of 'Ninety-Four : 

"I have an exposition of sleep come upon me." 
I do not wish to oast any slurs upon the gentlemen 
who have preceded me, but nevertheless, "I have 
an exposition of sleep come upon me." This may 
seem rather singular, perhaps, since I am under 
medical treatment for the affliction. I have given 
homeopathy a chance. I am a great believer in the 
homeopathic treatment. SimiUa Shmlibus Cu- 
rantur, which applied to the particular, means non- 

activity is cured by non-activity, although a perfect 
cure has not yet been eifected. I earnestly hope 
that I shall soon rival my supeilor, the senior mem- 
ber of the fraternity of Non-activity and Anti- Whit- 
ism, whose extreme laziness prevented him from 
amusing you here this afternoon. You call me an 
athlete, Mr. President, and you do well to call me 
an athlete. I am in a condition to strangle a 
Hercules with my little finger. In fact, Dr. Whittier 
tells me I am iu a condition and a half. 

Fellow-classmates, I have a confession to make. 
Freshman year I was called to Bath. I am heartily 
ashamed of it, not of Bath but of walking. 

After inquiring of the class what he had intended 
to say next, Mr. Thompson extemporized the remain- 
der of his speech, vi^hich we are thus forced to omit. 

The President: 

There are two kinds of sports, athletic and indi- 
vidual. I have dwelt at some length upon the 
glory of the former and am now about to pi'esent 
you with our gem in the latter. You will be sur- 
prised when you see him, for he wears a wreath of 
inuoceney about his smiling countenance that is 
very deluding, very deceitful. I can only say to 
you who think you know him, beware ! Be not 
deceived by his childish prattle, his gentle manners, 
his seeming guilelessness. The duplicity of his 
nature is a marvel. His reckless expenditure of 
money the past three months can find no expression 
in words. To my personal knowledge, he has spent 
during that same brief interval over eight hundred 
dollars— on the '94 Bugle. It is also rumored about 
college that his discouraging work upon the latter 
was the cause of his downfall, his late-hour revels. 
If this be true, and we do not doubt it, he has the 
heartfelt sympathy of his associate editors, the 
similarity of whose experience I will not narrate to 
you, for fear of getting personal. 

Mr. Libby — your fellow-classmates have pur- 
chased for rae to present you with, this- beautiful 
gem of purest ray serene, hardness 10, cleavage 
octahedral, lustre adamantine, and price not to be 
mentioned. May its dazzling beauty serve as a 
lamp to your feet along the checkered highway of 
your sport-hood, and remind you even in your hap- 
piestmomeuts, of your former classmates at Bowdoin. 

Mr. President: 

It is said that Lord Byron awoke one delightful 
morning to find himself famous. Well, that was 
pleasant for Byron ; 1 can heartily sympathize with 



him uow, for here am I, awakened rather suddenly 
this afternoon to find myself exalted to the most 
lofty pinnacle, indeed to the very top of the highest 
weather-cock on the great temple of fame. This, 
Mr. President, is, as Shakespeare says in his ex- 
ecrable English, " rather a dizzy vantage ground 
for one so young as me." I am almost overcome by 
the honor. Indeed, I feel somewhat as one of our 
classmates must have felt when singled out recently 
by the down-town policeman as the one who should 
be arrested. Doubtless, he thought himself more 
highly honored than be deserved; but he said to 
himself, " Nevertheless, if I am so great a ring- 
leader, and hold such a prominent place in Officer 
Coombs's Rogues' Gallery, why, I will humbly yield 
myself to their despotic ministrations and pray to 
be preserved from undue pride." So with me. For 
I say, as said our friend Satan, when be was 
wrought up, or rather cast down, one day, "To 
reign is worth ambition, though in Hell ; better to 
reign in Hell than serve in Heaven." It is not as 
if I were the only one upon this memorable stage 
to-day whom the staid old godfather of tbe college 
from his position yonder on the wall frowns upon_ 
It is not owing to a mere eccentricity or defect on 
my part that I am called forward here before you 
all. There would be nothing worthy of public con- 
gratulation in that; rather, cause for private sym- 

But, Mr. President, you have summoned me to 
receive this diamond trophy as proof of my success 
in a race in which all these about us have had a 
part and have been outrun by me. I, then, am 
chief And chief in what ? In that proud combi- 
nation of miscellaneous excellence bound up in the 
most satisfactory and highly suggestive word, sport. 
The class sport ! In ray young pride I compare my- 
self to Washington. He, too, was a leader. " First 
in war, first in peace, first in tbe hearts of his 
countrymen," says history concerning him. Gen- 
eral, statesman, president, the father of our puis- 
sant country, a very fountain of courage and a star 
of hope. When all others were in the gloomy 
depths of despair, tbe ideal personification of 
patience and of devotion to a noble principle, in 
short, as Mr. Micawber would say, "the biggest 
amphibian in the pool at that time." As such do we 
know him. Well do we call him great. But, Mr. 
President, such is the height to whiclu you have 
exalted me. 

I am just on a level with George; in fact we — 
his ghost and I— arc astride the very same weather- 
vane. For, as you well know, with all other great 

qualities, he was a true sport. Cream-colored 
coach, six matched horses, new clothes, two-dollar 
necktie (I don't know how often), knee breeches, 
silver buckles, any quantity of servants, and 
"nigger" slaves — such were the things to which his 
heart turned when the whole nation was at his feet. 
So humbly he makes room for me at his side. Does 
not that dignify my calling? Robespierre's dapper 
little ghost— snuff-bos and all — is with us too ; and 
if there were time I might enumerate many other 
names which you would recognize. But, take my 
word for it, I am in good company. So there you 
may leave me; and, with your kind permission, I 
will return to discuss the present fashion in straw 
hats with George's stately old ghost. 

The President: 

The old saying that "children will play with 
matches" has again been unmistakably demon- 
strated. Our boy chemist, with his two able assist- 
ants, Messrs. Hinkley and Allen, has tried every 
known experiment in the chemical world, and to the 
surprise and satisfaction of Professor Robinson has 
left the building still standing and a few panes of 
glass still intact. No one, of course, was ever 
known to accuse our esteemed instructor of even 
the slightest partiality, but certain it is that during 
our course in Junior chemistry he believed discre- 
tion by far the better part of valor, and devoted 
his attention very largely to those at a distauce 
from our fiendish boy chemist. On condition that 
he has left his chemicals behind him to-day, we 
give him free license to any impassioned outburst 
of eloquence. For thus we shall afford him ample 
opportunity to display the explosive tendency of 
his nature with less danger to his neighbors. 

Mr. Plaisted — The class presents you with this 
object of sacrifice to be slain upon the altar of your 
chemical ignorance, as a thank-offering that it still 
exists, unbroken in membership. 

Mr. President and Classmates: 

I receive this little token, symbolical as it is ot 
my gentle and frolicsome disposition, with conflict- 
ing emotions, and as I look into the innocent face 
of this diminutive disciple of Mary and think of the 
motive which actuated tbe gift, I cannot but feel 
thankful that I have lived to see this happy day. 
I say this with seriousness, for there wei-e moraents 
while we were delving in the mysteries of chemistry 
when we expected momentarily that we were all to 



be sacrificed upou the altar of scieuce. Those 
were stirring times, my classmates, and not soon to 
be forgotten. Will you soon forget the day when 
we were all so near to falling a victim to the chlorine 
habit and going to a place much worse than Keeley? 
Did the Angel of Death leave for an instant the 
corner of that diabolical concocter of mixtures, 
" Henuy " for short — and you will recollect that I 
sat within " swiping" distance of him ? 

Yes, my comrades, you may call me the "pre- 
server of the people," a second Cicero, and decorate 
me with innocent lambkins, for I sat between you 
and Death. 

And yet the tragic was sometimes interspersed 
with the ridiculous. Well do I remember the day 
that our early morning tennis flend in a momentary 
fit of uncontrollable avarice seized upon a silver 
shekel which had just been used in an experiment 
in which the blow-pipe and Buusen burner had 
figured quite extensively. The blue flame of the 
burner was put to shame by the atmosphere in his 
immediate vicinity. Many were the brilliant results 
obtained by our " Portland's most distinguished 
son." One bright morning in early March he aston- 
ished us by exclaiming that he had discovered that 
love was a volatile precipitate, marriage being a 
solution in which it quickly dissolved. We did not 
then appreciate his fervor ! But I digress. 

Who knows how many Pattis and Campaninis 
received their start along the road to fame within 
the confines of the laboratory walls on account of 
those short moments spent in song? With '94 that 
happy Bohemian life will end. Our successors will 
enjoy the advantages of a chemist's paradise, but 
stuccoing the walls with filter papers and listening 
to the cracked test tubes disintegrating themselves 
against the doors will forever be a thing of the past. 
It were better so. Mr. President, I shall cherish 
this little model of a bilaterally symmetrical, 
defunct organism, morphilogically striated, above 
all my wooly possessions. If I were younger I 
would play with it myself. As it is I shall carefully 
preserve it for my posteinty. 

The President: 

To know anything at all in these days of enlight- 
enment, one has to really know so much that de- 
spair and utter hopelessness frequently supplant 
the attainment of actual knowledge. The class of 
'94, however, has within its narrow circle one 
whose Solonic wisdom has safely guided our frail bark 
through the dangerous shoals of our course here, 
and to whom we owe a debt of gratitude that no 

words of mine can even feebly embody. His tan- 
gled method, in class meetings, of proving truth by 
the disproof of error, led us always to the conclu- 
sion that he had actually proved error by the dis- 
proof of truth, against which conclusion we could 
find no available argument because of the volubil- 
ity and scope of his utterance. His mind is full of 
illogical abstractions and one has only to get him 
started in order to be entertained, if not edified, by 
an exhaustless discourse upon any known or un- 
known subject, whether of history, fiction, philoso- 
phy or science. 

His voice is generally soft and melodious, but 
owing to his unusual preparations for the present 
occasion, we cannot vouch for its condition to-day. 
I will ask him to speak to you. 

Mr. Bagley— in grateful appreciation of the ser- 
vices rendered, the class presents you with this 
spacious canopy, trusting that it will prove of suf- 
ficient amplitude to contain all past and future mis- 
conceptions on your part. 


Mr. President and Fellow-Classmates : 

Everyman sees a time during his short existence 
when he is unable to express the emotions of joy 
which throb within his soul. 

I am at present enjoying a few of those blissful 
moments. For to have my greatness recognized, 
at this early age, by the world is a pleasure which 
I have never dared to hope for. 

It is especially gratifying, Mr. President, to be 
called a Solon, for no man of antiquity was so highly 
esteemed by his countrymen as this old Athenian. 
Not only was he beloved in one country, but the 
world at large honored and admired him ; so much 
so, Mr. President, that when he passed away, leav- 
ing behind the good effects of a work which only a 
man of rare intelligence and wide sympathies could 
have accomplished, the universal heart beat its 
silent tribute of sympathy for the grief-stricken 

Indeed, Mr. President, to be recognized as the 
legal heir to this man's greatness showers so much 
honor upon me that I almost feel it my duty to 
follow the example set by some of our worthy 
classmates, and bargain for a wife to share the 

But, Mr. President, Solon was no greater among 
the Athenians than I am among my classmates; 
and all my greatness is due to my scholarship. 
Perhaps this assertion will need a little explanation 



to tbose who may have been looking over the list of 
prizes and not seen my name connected with any of 
them. Explanations are not very difQcult for me, 
however, for I have been accnstomed to explain 
satisfactorily, at the end of every term, how it was 
possible for me to have third-class standing and 
still lead the class. 

The mathematical prize, which, like Pear's soap, 
is a thing of beauty and a joy forever, was easily 
within my reach; but when I saw a worthy class- 
mate stretching his mental capacity to its utmost 
limit, and knowing that if I were out of the way he 
would be an easy winner, my generous nature was 
stirred within me, and I readily consented to forfeit 
ray pleasure to satisfy his ambitions. 

But there was one prize upon which I set my 
heart. In Greek I was especially fine, and nearly 
all my spare moments were spent in perusing Greek 
text— mostly the Greek Testament. After the 
examinations were over I was informed that two of 
us were tied for first place. Knowing well that I 
was by far the better scholar, I immediately entered 
a vigorous protest. After going over the rank very 
carefully, our worthy professor found that, quite 
often in ranking me for a perfect recitation, he had 
by accident placed the 1 on the wrong side of the 0- 

My protest was sustained, and the prize was to 
be mine; but, alas, not miue so easily. My oppo- 
nent also asked for an examination of his rank, and 
as the professor was too busy to comply with his 
request he gave the rank to the illustrious janitor. 
Brother Booker, as usual, got his average of repairs 
too high and I lost the prize. 

In Latin I suffered a much greater injustice, for 
our instructor had often neglected to put down 
any 1 at all, leaving only a very large as a reward 
for my efforts. In spite of this I am sure he was 
delighted with my translation of the " De Sen- 
ectute," for he asked me after I had taken the exami- 
nation if I wouldn't kindly translate the book to 
him again. Solon, Sr., was an orator. So am I, 
and my masterpiece was when I presented the janitor 
with the bell tongue. 

This famous presentation speech deserves a 
place on the brightest page of oratory. So closely 
did I hold my hearers that I think every one could 
repeat the speech word for word. 

Of course, Mr. President, a great man must 
become popular before he is acknowledged great. 
I know not from what source I derive my popularity, 
unless it was from ray generous nature. This gen- 
erosity has been shown quite plainly this year in 
my connection with the college bookstore. Seeing 

what enormous profits were made from the extor- 
tionate prices which the students were compelled 
to pay for their books and other supplies, I bought 
the controlling interest of this establishment, and 
hired the College Jury to mark all goods 20 per 
cent, below cost. 

Mr. President, I could relate an infinite number 
of things which have led to ray greatness, but time 
will not permit. However, in the near future, I 
expect to publish my autobiography, which I expect 
will have a larger sale than General Butler's. 

The President : 

Before the planting of the Ivy, but one more 
presentation remains to be made, which differs 
from those that have preceded it in that the ele- 
ment of jest, which has characterized all thus far, 
is wholly eliminated in this, which I make in entire 
sincerity. The office of popular man is the highest 
honor which it lies in our power to bestow. In 
nearly every organized body there is generally a 
single individual who holds first rank without a 
rival. Such has been conspicuously true in the 
class of '94. From the very childhood of our 
course, there has been constant with us one whose 
manly qualities and sterling character have made 
him foremost among us. Naturally a scholar and 
an athlete, by the rare combination of those per- 
sonal qualities which make a man popular with his 
fellows, by his retiring modesty, and an unselfish 
devotion to every class and college interest, he can 
now claim the proud distinction of being the popular 
man of the class of '94. I need hardly speak his 
name to you. 

Mr. Farrington — with the good-will of the class, 
please accept this highest emblem of our esteem and 


3Ir. President and Fellovi-Classmates : 

To-day, the brightest and best day in the history 
of 'Ninety-four, you have called on me as your pop- 
ular man, and have asked me to respond. You 
have given me this wooden spoon as a token of 
the good feeling that exists between us. By 
this gift, which is in itself but an outward sign 
of popularity, you have made me feel that there 
must have been the inward impulse of friendship 
to prompt it. 

You have all heard the responses of the popular 
men of previous Ivy days. They have told you 
that the significant wooden spoon would be prized 
highest above all things, and 1 can only repeat the 



old story. May the feeling never change, but may 
the remaining terms of college life oBly bind closer ties of friendship that this wooden spoon 

My cla!3smates, I thank you for the honor of 
being your choice as popular man. To me it is 
more than a passing feeling of gratitude and pleas- 
ure with which I receive this gift at your hands. 
It is something that will go through life with a man 
and make him the better for it. The fact that a 
man has friends and power should not elevate him 
into a little sphere all by himself, but should bring 
him into closer contact with the ofttimes friendless 
humanity about him. 

College friendships are apt to be of short dura- 
tion, but in the years after we have left old Bow- 
doin this wooden spoon will remind me of the old 
college friendships and pleasures, and keep them 
ever fresh and bright. 

Yes, it is only a plain wooden spoon, but some- 
thing that coming years will surround with many 
pleasant associations and memories of the days 
that have gone. It will tell me of the many vic- 
tories and few defeats of old 'Ninety-four; of the 
countless experiences through which we as a class 
have gone, and last, but not least, it will keep 
burning those flames of affection that have been 
kindled between us during our college course. 

My classmates, may the God of friendships 
smile on this our class and may she keep it a united where all men are popular and one not more 
so than another. 

At the conclusion of the exercises in the 
hall the class marched to the south-eastern 
corner of Memorial, where their ivy was 
planted, and sang the ode written by Mr. 


Air: " My comrades, ichen I'm no more drinking." 
Dear classmates, close together thronging 

To plant an ivy here to-day. 
With thoughts of all to each belonging. 

As o'er the past onr fancies stray. 
The morrow calls us with its gladness. 

The future points the onward track ; 
Yet would it were not wholly madness 

To wish the clock hands might turn back. 

Three years of jolly life at college 

Have drawn the knots of friendship fast ; 

Let this our ivy-vine acknowledge 
The ties that bind us to the past. 

Its leaves ask not of us to listen 

To idle whisperings of regret ; 
But ne'er, while dews upon theai glisten. 

Shall we the dear old class forget. 

So will these branches, upward creeping. 

Be fed from mem'ry's richest soil, 
Uutil, yon arches overleaping. 

They wreathe old echoes in their coil. 
Then, when these walls give back the glory 

Of classmates loyal to the core. 
They'll linger longest on the story 

They tell of Bowdoin 'Ninety-four. 

The Senior's Last Chapel followed imme- 
diately and was witnessed by as many as 
could be accommodated in the chapel. The 
services were as beautiful and injpressive as 

Ivy Hop, 

'ATINETY-FOUR followed the usual Ivy 
J ^ custom of Bowdoin by holding its Ivy 
Hop in the Town Hall at nine o'clock and 
by securing the valuable services of the 
Salem Cadet Band. Following custom, hoM'- 
ever, did not interfere with a marked indi- 
vidualit}' of success. The friends of the 
college from the town, and the friends of the 
college a!]d class from out of town, emphati- 
cally and sincerely assured the class that its 
social effort had met with unqualified pros- 
perity, was highly creditable to the college 
and a most delightful occasion to themselves. 
The guests were received in a corner of the 
hall which had been made attractive with 
decoration and comfortable with easy-chairs, 
by the patronesses, Mrs. Hyde, Mrs. Young, 
Mrs. Mitchell, Mrs. Johnson, Mrs. Moody, 
Mrs. Robinson, Mrs. Lee, Mrs. Hutchins, 
Mrs. Houghton, Mrs. Wells, and Mrs. Wood- 
ruff. The number of the guests was grati- 
fyingly large ; in fact, no college party for 
some years past has had so large an attend- 
ance, and in its profusion of charming young 
ladies in fetching gowns, the hop was at least 
equal to preceding ones if it did not surpass 
them, which we are inclined to say it did. 



The orders were neat and tasteful, and Rob- 
inson's supper was thoroughly satisfactory. 
The following was the programme : 
I. Overture — La Savoyards. 

< a. Gavotte— The Queen's Favorite. 
~' I b. Cradle Song. 
3. American Fantasia— North and South 


1. Waltz— Symposis. 

2. Lanciers — Wang. 

3. Schottische — What Cheer. 

4. Waltz— Sphinx. 
a. Polka — Nadjy. 

6. Quadrille— La Cirque. 

7. Waltz— Espana. 

8. Schottische— Life on the Congo. 

9. Waltz— 1492. 


10. Waltz— Ma Belle Adoree. 

11. Portland Fancy — Rustic. 

12. Tbree Dances from Gondoliers. 

13. Schottische — Light as a Feather. 

14. Deaux Temps — Washington Post. 
1.5. Schottische— Good-bye, My Houey. 

16. Polka — Castauets. 

17. Waltz— Dream on the Ocean. 

Among those from, out of town were: 
Mr. and Mrs. Elias Thomas, Miss Helen 
Thomas, Mrs. R. H. Hinkley, Mrs. Alice 
Hinkley, Mr. and Mrs. J. P. Baxter, Mrs. 
Clinton Baxter, Mary Fletcher, Miss 
Florence Carpenter, Miss Edith Anderson, 
Miss Henrietta Dana, Dr. W. L. Dana, Miss 
Susie Cram, Miss Julia Noyes, Miss Sherry, 
Miss Swett, Miss Knight, of Portland; Mrs. 
Thomi>son, Mrs. Dennig, Mrs. Barker, Mrs. 
John Patten, Miss Catharine Patten, Miss 
Cynthia Worth, Miss Whitmore, Miss Ethel 
Hyde, Miss Small, Miss Mu.ssenden, Miss 
Higgins, of Bath; Mr. and Mi's. Burdett, 
of Brookline; Miss Varnum, of New York; 
Miss Farrington, of Augusta; Miss Chandler, 
of Bangor; Miss Brysom, of St. Louis; Mr. 
George Packard, '91, of Boston ; Mr. E. B. 
Young, '92, Harvard Medical School. 


The opening rose-bud wooes the sunshine lying 
In loving warmth about its perfumed head ; 
But one beside it fades, till withering, dying. 
Its loveliness is fled. 

While dew is sparkling and all life rejoices 
To hear the da.wn-bells pealing clear and strong. 
In undertone, like far faint shadow voices, 
There steals the even-song. 

And oft while joyous summer winds are blowing, 
There comes unwarned a wintry chilling breath. 
So life's gay robe with priceless jewels glowing 
Is wrought with thread of Death. 

The University of Leipzic is worth nearly 
$20,000,000. Harvard, wbich heads the list iu this 
country, has nearly $10,000,000. 

The Diver. 

(From the French of Latonestre.) 

As when the sailor bold into the ocean's bed 

Lets down his heavy bell 'mid waves hard pressed 

His quivering diving-beh, into the awful heart 
Of old and silent gulfs, all motionless and dead. 

So. wben the poet pale, who downward, down, has 

And reaches all at once the far depths of the heart, 
There in that dread abyss strange races upward 

And with their strange abodes before his eyes are 


Beneath the twining mass of livid sea-weed there. 
And empty skulls of men and whitened masts all 

The slimy reptiles round about him creep and stray ; 

But each spurns with his foot the common mass 

And while his search sublime is checked not by delay. 
Takes up the gleaming pearl and brings it to the 


The cost of the World's Columbian Exposition 
exceeds $.32,500,000, against $8,300,000 the cost 
of the Paris exposition of 1889. 

The Harvard Alumni Association of New York 
City has purchased ground on West 44th Street 
and will erect a handsome club-house. 

Six of this year's Andover nine will enter Yale 
next fall. 


A worthy addition to tlie 
notable list of Bowdoin ath- 
letes whose work while in college has 
secured them fine positions as instructors 
in other colleges, is Carleton, '93, who 
has been elected gymnasium instructor 
at Dartmouth. That college is to establish compul- 
sory gynin.asium work for the two lower classes, 
and Bowdoin's popular athlete will have charge of 
this department. 

Bass, '9G, has gone to Chicago. 
Professor Chapman was in Bangor nearly all last 

Mr. George 0. Robinson, '49, spent several days 
in town last week. 

Senior banquets of the various fraternities have 
been in order recently. 

Moore, '94, will preach at the Saco Congrega- 
tional Church this summer. 

Professors Moody and Hutchinson have been away 
for several days on a fishing excursion. 

McKinnou, '94, occupied the pulpit of the Con- 
gregational church at Winslow last Sunday. 

Soule, '96, after his long illness with typhoid 
fever, was able to visit the college last week. 

President Hyde announced in chapel recently 
that Appleton Hall would not be repaired for 
another year. 

The first prizes in English Composition have been 
awarded to Peabody and Barker, and the second to 
Fabyan and Howard. 

Jones, '93, was one of the speakers at an Alpha 
Delta Phi banquet, held at Worcester, on the eve- 
ning of the Athletic Meet. 

The Seniors made a change from the old custom 
of holding the class supper in Brunswick, and had 
their farewell banquet in Augusta, on the evening of 
June 8th. 

Frost, '94, Boyd, '95, and Eastman, '96, were 
among the victims of the recent measles epidemic, 
which has now included nearly all in college who 
have not passed thi-ough the stage before. 

Gen. T. H. Hubbard, Rev. E. B. Webb, Hon. E. 
B. Nealley, N. E. Spear, and O. C. Stevens, consti- 
tuting the Visiting Committee of the college, were 
in session here Wednesday and Thursday of last week. 

Through the kindness of Oliver Crocker Stevens 
the college has been presented with the Miss Vir- 
ginia Dox collection of Indian and Mexican relics. 
The collection is a very valuable one, and will be 
placed in the Walker Art Building. 

The closing meeting of the year of the German 
Club was recently held in the room of Chamberlain, 
'93. Refreshments were served, and at the close 
of a pleasant evening Professor Farnsworth was pre- 
sented with a valuable set of German works. 

The Sophomore symposium at Lewiston, May 
26th, was a highly successful and enjoj'able affair. 
Over thirty attended, and all remained in the city 
to see Bowdoin defeat Colby the next day. The 
literary programme reflected much credit on those 
having the various parts, toasts, and presentations. 

The annual Senior ball game occurred Wednes- 
day morning. May 31st, and as usual was an occa- 
sion for unadulterated fun from start to finish. With 
the exception of catchers the best ball players of the 
class were excluded, and consequently errors were 
many and the batting light. Captain Haggett's 
nine, the Rough Element, defeated Captain Barkers 
team, the Iveeley Cures, by the score of 19 to 10. 
Among the features were the pitching of the two 
captains, the' sliding of Haggett, the batting of P. 
Shaw, the fielding of Bucknam, against whose good 
playing repeated kicks were made, the first base work 
of Owen, the errors of Jenks, and the umpiring of 
Professor Farnsworth. 

Among the officers of the third annual meeting of 
the Maine Interscholastic Athletic Association, 
held in Augusta, last Saturday, were Dr. Whittier, 
Carleton, '93, Ross and E. Thomas, '94, and Minot, 
'96. Quite a number of other students attended. 
It was a most successful field day, with a large 
crowd, exciting events, and good management in 
all departments. About half the .schools in the 
association were represented with teams, and the 
fight for the champioDship was hot between Bruns- 
wick and Bangor high schools, the latter finally 
winning with 35 points to Brunswick's 34. Cony 
High School, of Augusta, was next with 14 points, 
Gardiner won 7 points, and Waterville 1. Dunning 
of Brunswick, who won five firsts, did the best indi- 
vidual work. Nine records of the a.ssociation were 
broken during the afternoon, nearly all the new 
records being very creditable ones. 



The Walker Art Building is now uearing com- 
pletion, and several important details in the cou- 
struction of tbe building were made public upon the 
recent visit of the Misses Walker to the college. 
Large bronze statues of Demosthenes and Sophocles 
are to be placed in tbe two large niches on the 
front ; and three busts, one being that of Homer, 
in the circular niches. In the four semi-circular 
spaces, each of which is 24x13 feet, under the 
dome of Sculpture Hall, are to be placed four 
paintings on canvas completely covering each 
space, executed for tbe Misses Walker by four of 
tbe most famous living American artists, Elibu 
Vedder, Abbott Thayer, LaFarge, and another 
equally as illustrious. These grand embellishments 
will cost a vei-y large sum of money, and the 
remarkable generosity of these ladies will be 
appreciated more than ever by every friend of 



Bates, 24; Bowdoin, 13. 

On May 24th Bowdoin played, at W.aterville, 

the third game in the series with Bates, and lost the 

game as badly as the first two had been easily won. 

The high wind caused many errors, but the game 

was very loosely played all around, and the batting 

was heavy. Every Bowdoin player made errors, 

and the team seemed to go to pieces for the first and 

only time in the league season. The score : 


A.E. R. E.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Wakefielrt, 3b 7 4 3 4 1 1 

Campbell, l.f., o.f., ..6533211 

Hoffman, c T, 4 3 3 5 3 1 

Pennell, p., lb 6 3 4 9 14 2 

Brackett, s.s 5 1 1 3 1 

Gerri3h,c.f.,r.f 6 3 4 4 10 1 

Douglass, 2b 4 2 1 1 3 2 2 

Pulsifer, lb., l.f., ... 4 2 1 1 3 

Mildram, p., 3 

Harden, r.f., 1 

Totals, 4T 24 19 25 27 12 8 


A.E. R. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Fairbanks, ob 5 3 1 1 3 

Savage, lb 4 3 2 6 7 1 

Hinkley, l.£., .... 5 1 3 4 1 2 

Williams, s.s., p 4 2 2 5 4 1 1 

Sykes, 2b., 3 1 2 3 1 

Allen, r.f., s.s 3 1 2 2 

Chapman, c.f., .... 5 1 4 

Hutchinson, c, .... 4 2 2 3 8 1 1 

Plaisted, p., 4 9 

Leigbton, r.f., .... 1 1 2 

Totals .38 13 9 18 24 9 17 



2 3 4 5 6 




, . 

. 10 

6 2 1 


X— 24 


. 2 

10 2 




Base on balls — by Plaisted, 1; Williams, 3; Pennell, 
4; Mildram, 2. Struck out — by Plaisted, 3; Williams, 5; 
Pennell, 3; Mildram, 3. Two-base hits — Campbell, 
Wakefield, Hinkley, Hutchinson. Three-base hits— Pen- 
nell, Savage 2. Home runs — Pennell, Williams. Passed 
balls— Hoffman, Hutchinson. Wild pitch— Williams, 2. 
Umpire— Kelley. Time — 2h. 50m. 

Bowdoin, 9; Colby, 4. 
On May 27th, Bowdoin and Colby met at Lewiston 
for the third time of tbe season, and Bowdoin won 
after an exciting and hotly-played contest. It was 
a wonderful contrast to the preceding game, and 
sharp fielding, timely batting, and good base run- 
ning characterized Bowdoin's playing. Leighton's 
home run was a feature of the game. Plaisted 
pitched a great game and was finely supported. 
Over a hundred Bowdoin students cheered the team 
on to victory. . The score : 



Savage, 3b., 5 

Hinkley, l.f., 5 

Williams, lb., .... 5 
Hutchinson, s.s., ... 3 

Sykes, 2b., -4 

Allen, c, 4 

Chapman, c.f 4 

Plaisted, p 3 

Leigbton, r.f., .... 3 

R. B.H. T.B. P.O. 

Totals, 36 9 


A.E. R. 

Hall, lb., 5 

Hoxie, 2b., 4 

Latlip, l.f 4 

Purington, r.f., .... 4 

CofSn, c 4 

Jackson, s.s., 3 

Lombard, c.f., .... 4 

Nichols, 3b., 4 

Whitman, p., .... 4 

12 17 27 13 


Totals 36 4 9 10 24 13 4 

1234 5 6 789 
Bowdoin, .000020 6 1 x— 9 
Colby, ..00001003 0—4 
Earned runs — Bowdoin, 5. Two-base hits— Hinkley, 
Hutchinson, Hall. Homerun- Leigbton. Stolen bases — 
Savage 2, Sykes, Hall, Jackson 2. First base on balls— by 
Plaisted— Purington, Jackson; by Whitman— Hutchin- 
son, Leigbton. First base on errors — Bowdoin, 4; Colby, 
3. Struck out— by Plaisted— Hall, Latlip, Coffin 2, Jack- 
son; by Whitman— Williams, Leigbton. Passed balls- 
Coffin, 2. Hit by pitched ball— Plaisted, Latlip. Time— 
2h. 20m. Umpire— S. J. Kelley. 



Bowdoin, 9 ; PhilliiJS Exeter, S. 
Bowdoin beat Exeter, Memorial Day, on the home 
grounds of the latter team, after the most exciting 
game of the season there. Captain Hutchinson's men 
did splendid team work, and their batting was 
timely. Plaisted was as usual a puzzle to his oppo- 
nents. Williams, Hinkley, and Sykes did the best 
work in the field. Powers and Johnson did the best 
work for Exeter. The score : 


A.B. K. B.n. T.E. P.O. A. E. 

Savage, 3b 4 1 1 1 3 1 

Hinkley, l.f 5 2 2 3 1 

Williams, lb i 1 1 3 11 1 

Hutchinson, s.s., ... 3 2 1 2 2 3 

Sykes, 2b 2 2 3 2 

Allen, c, 4 2 2 5 G 2 3 

Chapman, c.f 4 11 1 

Leighton, r.f 4 1 

Plaisted, p., 4 1 1 1 1 5 2 

Totals 34 9 9 15 27 13 11 


E.H. T.B. P.O. 

Hall, 2b., 4 1 1 2 2 1 1 

Eichards, lb., .... 4 11 1 

Seymour, l.f 4 3 1.2 1 

Powers, c 5 4 f> 9 1 

Johnson, p., 50 1 1 114 

Scannell, c.f., ....5 2 

McGrath, 3b., .... 3 1 3 1 

Quimby, s.s 3 1 2 

Campbell, r.f 4 

Totals, 37 

11 24 21 3 

Exeter, . 


12 3 4 5 6 

1 1 


8 9 

Two-base bits — Powers 2, Allen, Hale, Hutchinson, 
Seyuionr. Three-base hits — Williams, Allen. Stolen 
bases — Bowdoin, 6; Exeter, 4. First base on balls — by 
Plaisted, 5; by Johnson, 4. First base on errors — Bow- 
doin, 3; Exeter, 7. Struck out — by Plaisted, 4; by John- 
son, 9. Passed balls — Allen, 2. Wild pitches — Johnson, 
2. Umpires— Creamer and Barker. 

Bou'dom, 30 ; M. S. C, S. 
Bowdoin won her second easy victory over Maine 
State College at Bangor, Thursday, June 1st, by the 
above score. Tlie Bangor papers said the batting of 
the Bowdoin boys was the hardest ever seen in that 
city. Fairbanks, Chapman, Savage, Hutchinson, 
and Plaisted did the best batting, the first two getting 
home runs. M. S. C. got five runs in the first 
inning and then were no longer in the game, 
although doing; g-ood batting-. The score : 


A.B. R. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Fairbanks, r.f 6 5 5 10 2 

Savage, 3b., 4 4 6 3 1 

Hinkley, l.f 7 2 3 3 1 

Williams, lb 7 3 2 2 9 1 1 

Hutchinson, s.s., ... 5 3 3 7 2 7 1 

Sykes, 2b R 4 3 3 1 2 2 

Allen, c 5 4 2 2 9 5 

Chapman, c. f 5 2 3 7 

Plaisted, p C 3 4 6 2 2 

Totals 53 30 29 46 27 11 6 

M. S. C. 

A.B. R. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. K. 

Durham, c.f 4 1 2 2 4 1 1 

Palmer, l.f 5 1 1 

Eicker, s. s., ..... 5 2 3 4 1 3 2 

Hayes, r.f., 5 2 3 5 1 2 

Ledyard, 3b., p 5 1 1 1 2 1 2 

Frost, p., 3b 5 1 2 2 1 1 

DeHaseth, c 5 1 1 1 4 1 1 

Farrell, 2b., 3 2 4 4 1 1 

French, lb 4 2 2 5 

Totals, .... 41 8 15 20 23 9 9 

Earnedruns— Bowdoin, 11; M.S. C.,3. Two-base hits — 
Savage 2, Hutchinson 2, Chapman, Eicker, Hayes 2. 
Three-base hits — Fairbanks, Hutchinson, Plaisted, Far- 
rell. Home runs— Fairbanks, Chapman. Stolen bases— 
Bowdoin, 9; M. S. C, 2. Double plays— Allen and Sav- 
age, Durham and French. Base on balls — Fairbanks, 
Savage, Hutchinson 2, Allen, Chapman, Sykes, Durham 
2, Palmer, Farrell. Struck out— by Plaisted, 10. Passed 
balls — DeHaseth. Time of game — 2 hours 15 minutes. 
Umpire — Casey. 

Bowdoin Wins from M. S. C, by Forfeit. 

Bowdoin and M. S. C. were to have played again 
in Bangor Saturday, but the latter team was evi- 
dently not anxious for another crushing defeat and 
forfeited the game to Bowdoin. This concluded the 
sclieduled league series of nine games, Bowdoin 
having won seven and lost two. 

M. C. L, 8; Bowdoin. 5. 

Friday, June 2d, the Maine Central Institute and 
Pittsfield boys maintained their fine bail record and 
avenged their defeat of last season by defeating 
Bowdoin 8 to 5. Both teams did good work in the 
field, and the fine work of Williams and Burrell in 
the box prevented heavy hitting. It was a good 
game throughout. The score : 
M. C. I. 

A.B. R. iB. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Ferguson 4 3 2 2 5 2 1 

Burrell 4 1 2 2 2 4 

Graves 4 1 1 2 2 2 

Pennell 4 1 2 2 

Bowman, 4 1 2 

Giles, 2 1 1 1 2 1 1 

Friend ..4 2 2 2 1 1 

Waldron 3 1 10 

Bean 4 2 

Totals, .... 33 8 9 10 27 11 5 




A.B. R. 1b. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Fairbanks, lb 4 1 1 1 9 2 

Savage, 3b. 3 1 1 2 1 

Hiiikley, l.f 4 1 1 1 

Williams, p 4 1 1 12 1 

Hutchinson, s.s., ... 4 1 i 1 

Sykes, 2b. 3 1 

Allen, c 3 8 tJ 

Chapman, o.f. 4 3 4 1 

Leighton, r.l., .... 3 1 1 

Totals 32 5 Ci 7 24 21 5 


M. C. I., .2 4 1 1 0—8 
Bowdoin, .00001400 0—5 
Stolen bases — Savage, Hinkley, Sykes 2, Fairbanks, 
Ferguson, Burrell, Friend. hits — Chapman, 
Pennell. Wild pitches — by Williams, 2. Struck out — by 
Burrell, 3; by Williams, 9. Pas.sed balls — Bowman,!; Allen, 
1. Time of game— 1 hour45 minutes. Umpire— Purington. 

Batting Averages of the Ball Team. 

At Bat. Base Hits. Totals. 

Savage, 34 • .471 .735 

Hutchinson 33 .424 .63t) 

Fairbanks 36 .417 .722 

Williams 38 .395 .789 

Hinkley 43 .395 .535 

Chapman 36 .333 .472 

Sykes 33 .333 .455 

Plaisted 31 .258 .355 

Allen 3B .107 .278 

Leighton 4 .250 1.000 

Farriugton 5 .000 .000 

The above averages may not be ab.solutely cor- 
rect, as they are taken from the published scores and 
not from the official score, but they give a good idea 
of the heavy batting done by this year's team. 

The Sophomore-Freshman race came oif Thurs- 
day, June 8th. The day was as tine as could be 
asked for, and just enough breeze was stirring in the 
morning to make it comfortable. The race was 
scheduled to take place at nine o'clock, and after the 
usual delay the crews came out of the boat-house 
and pulled down the river, which by this time was 
very smooth, scarcely a ripple stirring its surface. 
In pulling down to the starting place a bolt broke on 
one of the outriggers of the Sophomore's shell. The 
crews came back to the boat-house and after some 
trouble and delay the bolt was replaced by another. 
The race was started a few minutes jjast eleven. 
The Freshmen had taken about twelve strokes when 
Stone tore his left shoe from its I'astenings. He 
pushed it back and kept on as well as he could 
under the circumstances. The Freshmen led until 

near the linish. ' The Sophomores were steadily 
gaining on them, when Baker called for the spurt. 
Stone, in trying to spurt, pulled the shoe completely 
from its fastenings and of course went over back- 
wards, capsizing the boat. The Sophomores pulled 
in, winning a race which would have been very 
close and exciting had the accident not happened. 
Both crews pulled well and the result would have 
been very doubtful if Stone, who was one of the best 
men in the Freshman boat, had not been handi- 


The Annual Field Meet of the Athletic Associa- 
tion was held Thursday afternoon, and was the most 
successful ever seen here. The grounds in Topsham 
were in tine condition, and live records were broken. 

This IMeet shows that Bowdoin has plenty of 
material for track athletics, if we only had a suitable 
place to train. All Bowdoin men hope to see a 
running track here soon, a thing we must have 
if we expect to compete with other colleges 
on even terms. The class of '95 won with sixty-three 
points. '96 finished with thirty-five; the Seniors 
with thirty-two; and '94 with live. 

The following men started in the trial heats of 
the Hundred-Yards Dash: Knowlton, '95, Carleton, 
'93, Bucknam, '93, French, '95, Brown, '96, Chapman, 
'94, Jones, '93, Fairbanks, '95, Lovejoy, '95, Lord, '95, 
Dohcrty, '95. Jones, '93, won, with French second 
and Carleton third. Time — 11 seconds. 

The following men started in the Half-Mile Run : 
Knowlton, '95, Leighton, '95, Lord, '95, Soule, '95. 
Lord took first place, Soule second, and KnowUon 
third. Time— 2.121. 

Ordway, '96, Jones, '93, Brown, '96, Doherty, '95, 
Oakes, '96, Lord, '95, ran the 120-Yards Hurdle. 
Jones won in 19 seconds, with Doherty second and 
Oakes third. 

In the Bicycle Race, Lyford, '96, Ordway, '96, 
Roberts, '95, and Coburn, '96, contested. Coburn 
rode the two miles in 7.24 ; Ordway, second ; Roberts, 

Carleton, '93, French, '95, Doherty, '95, Bates, '96, 
started in the 440-yards Dash. Carleton won in 55J 
seconds ; Doherty, '95, second ; Bates, '96, third. 
Mile Run. 

Burbank, '96, Webber, '95, Hicks, '95, and Soule, 
'95, ran in the Mile Run. Soule won; Webber, sec- 
ond; Burbank, third. Time — 5.43i. 

220-Yards Hurdle. 
The following men started : French, '96, Brown, 
'96, Doherty, '95, Oakes, '96. First, Brown; second, 
Dolierty ; third, French. Time — 59 seconds. 



Pole Vaclt. 
Bucknam, '93, Fairbanks, '95, Bates, '96, contested. 
Bates won, vaulting 8 feet 1 inch. Fairbanks and 
Bucknam were tied for second place. 
220-Yakds Dash. 
Carleton, '93, Brown, '96, Chapman, '9i, Jones, 
'93, Fairbanks, '95, started. Carleton, first; Fair- 
banks, second ; Jones, third. Time — 244 seconds. 

Mile Walk. 
Jackson, '95, Minot, '96, E. Thomas, '94, started. 
Thomas, first; Jackson, second; Minot, third. 
Time— 8.58.i. 

Two-Mile Eun. 
Knowlton, '95, Soule, '95, Burbank, '96. Soule 
won in 10 minutes 65i seconds, breaking the record 
by 23 seconds. Knowlton was second, with Burbank 

Putting Shot. 

French, '95, Fairbanks, '95, Kimball, '95, Bates, 
'96. Kimball, first; Bales, second; Fairbanks, 
third. Record 33 feet 3 inches. 

Running High Jump. 

Bucknam, '93, French, '95, Warren, '96, Jones, 
'93, Smith, '96, French, '96, Kimball, '95, Bates, '96. 
Bales and Smith lied for first place. They tossed 
for the medal, Bates winning it. French was third. 
Record, 5 feet 3 inches. 

Throwing Hammer. 

Carleton, '93, French, '95, Kimball, '95, Bates, 
'96, Coburn, '96. Kimball, first; Carleton, second ; 
Bates, third. Record, 89 feet, breaking the record 
by 13 feet. 

KuNNiNG Broad Jump. 

Bucknam, '93, French, '95, Warren, '96, Jones, 
'93, Lord, 95, Kimball, '95. Jones, first; Kimball, 
second; French, third. Record, 19 feet 9i inches. 

Result by Classes. 

'93 32 Points. 

'94, 5 

'95, 63 

'96, 35 

As was generally expected the college tourna- 
ment resulted in Dana, '94, winning the singles, 
and Payson, '93, and Dana, '94, the doubles. 
The finals in singles were between Dana, '96, and 
Dana, '94, but although the former played a steady 
game he at no time had any chance of winning. 
Pierce, '93, succeeded in taking second place in sin- 
gles, and Pierce and Pickard won second place in 


The second annual tournament of the Maine 
Intercollegiate Tennis Association was held in Port- 
land May 30-31, June 1-2, each college having its full 
number of representatives. In the first round of 
singles Pierce of Bowdoin succeeded in defeating 
Perkins of Colby after the latter led him 5-3 in the 
decisive set. Dana defeated his man without great 


Dana (Bowdoin) defeated Stimson (Colby). 

Haywood (M. S. C.) defeated Joiner (Bates). 

Pierce (Bowdoin) defeated Perkins (Colby). 

Wakefield (Bates) defeated Gibbs (M. S. C). 
In the second round Dana defeated Haywood, 6-0, 

6-1, and Pierce after a long up-hill fight won from 
his Bates opponent. 


Dana defeated Haywood. 

Pierce defeated Wakefield. 

The finals between Pierce and Dana went to the 
latter in three straight sets. Pierce put up a strong 
game and in the third set Dana had great difficulty 
in winning. Score, 6-1, 6-3, 10-8. 

The play in doubles was on the whole more even 
than in singles. To the surprise of every one 
Wakefield and Pettigrew of Bates, won from Dana 
and Payson in two straight sets, neither of the Bow- 
doin men playing their usual game. 


Pierce and Pickard (Bowdoin) defeated Stimson and Mil- 

lett (Colby). 
Wakefield and Pettigrew (Bates) defeated Payson and 

Dana (Bowdoin). 
Perkins and Conuers (Colby) defeated Murray and Smith 

(M. S. C). 
Bootliby and Hilton (Bates) defeated Haywood and Gibbs 

(M. S. C). 
After some close playing Boothby and Hilton de- 
feated Perkins and Conners. Pierce and Pickard 
took the first set from Wakefield and Pettigrew 
easily, but lost the second. In the third, with the 
score 5-3 against them, the Bowdoin men rallied and 
won the set and the match, 7-5. 

The finals between Boothby and Hilton of Bates 
and Pierce and Pickard of Bowdoin, who held the 
chamifionship last year, were remarkable for their 
great length and for the remarkable rally made by 
the Bowdoin men after the match was apparently 
lost, rather than for the brilliancy of the play, which 
throughout was rather slow. Bates won the first set 
6-4, and took the second by the same score. In the 
third set the Bates men could have v7on the match 
by getting a single point but lost it, and with it the 
match, as the Bowdoin men took the set 9-7, and the 
two succeeding sets 10-8, 10-8. 



Pierce succeeded in defeating Haywood and 
Stinson in the contests for second place in singles, 
thus winning the third cup for Bowdoin. 

With their usual generosity Messrs. Partridge & 
Co., Wright & Ditson, and Owen, Moore & Co. pre- 
sented fine racquets to the Association for use as indi- 
vidual prizes. 

Throughout the tournament the weather was per- 
fect and large crowds of people, including many 
ladies, were almost constantly in attendance. The 
tournament was under the management of F. W. 
Pickard, '94. 

N. E. I. A. A. FIELD DAY. 
Our record at Worcester, and the result of the 
various events of the meet are so well known that we 
give no synopsis of them. Suffice it to say that 
while we did not score, we by no means made a 
showing of which to be ashamed. Several of our 
men in the field events took fourth place, and in the 
dashes our representatives several times just missed 
a place in the final heats. That we shall send a 
stronger team next year goes without saying ; that 
we shall score seems equally certain. Indeed, the 
records made last week at the annual field day meet 
would have given us second place in one event, and 
several of the running records could have been 
greatly bettered if the winners had been hard pressed. 

'25.— William Hale, Esq., 
'one of the two surviving 
members of the famous class of '25, 
died at Dover, N. H., Friday, June 2d. 
He was born at Dover, December 10. 1804, 
the son of Hon William Hale, an early 
member of Congress from New Hampshire, and 
fitted for Bowdoin at Phillips Exeter Academy, 
entering college at the age of sixteen. After 
graduation he entered into the employment of S. 
and W. Hale, general merchants and ship-builders, 
and finally succeeded to their extensive business, 
confining himself to the hardware and agricultural 
portion of it. He was engaged in a great variety of 
enterprises, originating and largely promoting the 
building of the Cocheco Railroad. He not only 
secured large subscriptions to the stock of this pojii- 

pany, but was himself the largest stockholder, sink- 
ing considerable money in the enterprise before its 
completion. He was one of the early projectors of 
steam navigation upon Lake Winnipiseogee. He 
represented the town of Dover in the New Hampshire 
Legislature, and was well known as one of tlie best 
of town moderators, serving as such for many years. 
At the time of his death he was president of the 
Dover and Winnipiseogee Railroad. He retained 
his mental and physical faculties in a remarkable 
degree up to within a few days of his decease. He 
was an enterprising man of business, a good citizen, 
zealous for the growth and prosperity of his native 
town, cordial in his manner, courteous in speech and 
action, a cultivated gentleman of the old school, full 
of pride in the distinguished family of which he was 
a member, and of the name which he had inherited 
from a long line of ancestry. 

The death of Mr. Hale leaves the nine oldest 
classes of which any members survive in a remark- 
able position, as there is but one living member of 
each, beginning with the class of 1820, from which 
class and through the following there is no break 
in the roll of living alumni. Of the class of 1820 
is Rev. Thomas T. Stone, D.D., the oldest living 
alumnus of the college ; 1821, Isaac W. Wheelwright, 
Esq. ; 1822, Charles E. Barret, Esq. ; 1823, Richard 
W. Dummer, Esq. ; 1824, Frederick W. Burke, Esq. ; 
1825, Hon. James W. Bradbury, LL.D. ; lS2tl, Isaac 
McLellan, the poet; 1827, ex-Senator Felch ; 1828, 
Rev. Sanford A. Kingsbury, D.D. The list begins 
and ends with a doctor of divinity, and contains two 
ex-Senators of the United States. 

'35. — Henry V. Poor, Esq., has published a work 
upon Protection, entitled, "The Tariff: Its Bearing 
upon the Industries and Politics of the United States." 

'42. — Rev. Charles Morris Blake, U. S. A., died at 
San Francisco, June 3d. He was born at Brewer, in 
December, 1819. Upon receiving his degree he went 
to Philadelphia, attending lectures in the Jefferson 
Medical College. He also studied theology there 
under the distinguished Rev. Albert Barnes, and in 
1845 was licensed to preach. In 1849 he went out 
to California, by way of Mexico, and was at the 
mines for six months after the discovery of gold. 
For a year he was editor of the Pacific News, the 
second newspaper established in San Francisco. In 
1852 he established a collegiate school for boys in 
Benicia, which has grown into the St. Augustine Col- 
lege. For three years from 1854 he was pastor and 
teacher among the Scotch miners in the coal-fields 
of Chile. In 1857 he returned to Pennsylvania, and 
preached in the central part of that State for several 
years, having been ordained at Valparaiso in 1855. 



At the opening of the war he was commissioned chap- 
lain in the U. S. army, a position which he lield for 
many years. He was also engaged in raising regi- 
ments of colored infantry nnder President Lincoln's 
orders. Before Charleston, S. C, he received a 
severe wound. Since the war he served as hospital 
chaplain at Chattanooga, and was for several years 
stationed at Camp Grant, in Arizona. His last years 
were spent at San Francisco. His deatli was due to 
pneumonia, and came about very suddenly. 

'44. —The class of 1844 will hold a reunion and 
dinner in Portland during commencement week. 
Two members of the class have died since last com- 
mencement — Judge William Wirt Virgin and Joshua 
Sears Palmer, both of Portland. 

'50. — General Oliver (.). Howard delivered the 
Memorial Day oration at New Bedford, Mass., and 
held the enthusiastic attention of the largest crowd 
ever assembled in the opera house in that city. 

'75. — Edwin Herbert Hall, Ph.D., has been re- 
elected Assistant Professor of Physics at Harvard 
College for five years from September 1, 1893. 

'89. — William M. Emery, city editor of the New 
Bedford Evening Journal, is reporting the Borden 
murder trial for his paper, and is also acting as the 
trial correspondent for the Boston News. A Massa- 
chusetts press notice says of Mr. Emery in this con- 
nection : " He is well known to the people of this 
city, and has no equal in this section of the state in 
work of this sort." 

'92.— H. W. Kimball, of Andover Theological 
Seminary, has received an appointment from the 
Maine Missionary Society, and will supply the pulpit 
of the Congregational church at Standish.anil Sebiigo 
the coming summer vacation. 

'92. — J. D. Merriman, of Bethel, has gone upon 
a four weeks' trip to Chicago to " see the World's 




Satisfaction Guaranteed. 

Room No. 95 Main St., - BKUNSWICK, ME. 


: : Tonsorial Parlor, : : 

South Side of Post-Office. 

F^oi=L t:e3:e! p^'if'E]. 


l/T\POf\TE.RiS ^ 




Dealers in Fine Carriages and Sleighs, 

Surreys, Phaetons, Spring Wagons of all ilescrijitions. Livery, 

Sale, and Boarding Stable connected witli Tontine 

Hotel. Hacks for weddings, parties, 

and receptions. 

145 MAIN ST., 




496 1-2 Congress Street, Portland, IVIe. 


Special Prices to Bowdoin Boys. 



Vol. XXIII. 


No. 5. 





F. W. PiCKARD, '94, Managing Editor. 

F. J. LiBBT, '94, Assistant Managing Editor. 

B. L. Bryant, '95, Business Manager. 

H. E. Andrews, '94. A. G. Wiley, '95. 

E. M. Simpson, '94. J. C. Minot, '9fi. 

H. AV. Thayer, '95. H. H. Pierce, '90. 

J. E. Dunning. 

Per annum, in advance $2.00. 

Single Copies, 15 Cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained atthe bookstores or on applica- 
tion to tlie Business Manager. 

Remittances sliould be made to the Business Manager. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should lie directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Rhyme and Reason Department should be 
sent to Box (i, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should be sent to Box 140, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post-Offlce at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 

Vol. XXIII., No. 5.— June 28, 1893. 

Editorial Notes C'l 

Another Yell fid 

Commencement Exercises: 

Abstract of Baccalaureate Sermon by President Hyde.. . (>7 

.Junior Prize Declamation f;S 

Class Day i;S 

( >ration 08 

Poem 71 

Under tlie Thorndike Oak 73 

Openinj; Adilress 73 

Class History 74 

Class Prophecy 77 

Parting Address 80 

Smoking the Pipe of Peace 82 

Class Ode 83 

Cheering the Halls 83 

Commencement Dance 82 

Medical School Graduation S3 

Phi Beta Ivappa (10 

Maine Historical .Society 00 

Fraternity Reunions 00 

Commencement Concert 00 

Trustees and Overseers 00 

Commencement Exercises 01 

Commencement Dinner 0:i 

Class Iteunions OS 

l^rcsidcnt's Reception 101 

Entrance Examinations 101 

Appointments and Prizes 101 

Alumni JjiHt 101 

COLLEGii Ta hula . 102 

Personal los 

A quiet Commencement week is not 
always ' indicative of either a lack of in- 
terest on the part of the graduates or of lack 
of attractiveness in the college itself. The 
week just passed was, on the whole, less 
eventful than any Commencement for several 
years; the number of graduates who were 
present was unusually small, and the literary 
exercises were rather thinlj^ attended. That 
it should so happen is not to be wondered at. 
The graduating class was small. Other events 
of general interest were going on at the same 
time. Moreover the fact that next year the 
college celebrates its centennial led many of 
the classes, whose reunions would have been 
held this year, to postpone them until 1894. 
Naturally many alumni, who live at a distance 
from Brunswick and who cannot often attend, 
preferred to wait until next year when they 
can be sure of meeting hundreds of graduates 
whom they could see at no other time. 

The weather, with the exception of one 
day, was warm and pleasant. The various 
literary and social meetings were a success, 
and all present seemed to enjoy themselves. 
That the Commencement Dance was held in 
the Town Hall and not on the Campus was a 
disappointment to many, as the night was 
perfect, and those present the year before 
had vivid recollections of the beautiful 
appearance the grounds presented when 



illuminated by a myriad of lanterns and dec- 
orated by an endless profusion of bunting. 

0UR readei'S will find, we are sure, much 
to interest them in this issue of the 
Orient. We publish the Class Day parts, 
Professor Chapman's Address, Mr. New- 
comb's Oration, and the Goodwin Commence- 
ment Prize Oration in full, and give copious 
extracts from many of the Commencement 
dinner speeches, beside a more or less ex- 
tended account of the other exercises of the 
week. It is needless to say that this entails 
great additional labor and expense. The 
Orient is not wealthy. It is not even well 
to do. It depends largely upon graduate 
subscriptions and, if the truth must be told, 
is not as well supported by the alumni as it 
should be, either in the way of subscriptions 
or contributions to its columns. We trust 
that this state of things is only temporary, 
but we can say from three years of experience 
that it has existed for that length of time, 
and we fear will continue much longer 
unless some of our alumni show some 
active interest. The Orient may not rival 
the Forum, the Cosmopolitan, Harper's, Puck, 
or even the Sunday newspaper in their 
chosen lines, but it is the representative of 
the active undergraduate life of the college, 
and as such, and only as such, is worthy of 
support from graduates and undergraduates 

TTfllOSE desiring extra copies of this 
-*■ number (and we hope they will be 
many) can obtain them during the summer 
months from Byron Stevens, Brunswick, Me. 
The price is 25 cents. 

TTTHE college base-ball season ends in a 
^ most unsatisfactory manner, thanks to 
the refusal of the Bates management to play 
off the tie between Bowdoin and that insti- 
tution. Although our manager, Mr. Clifford, 

has repeatedly offered to play, and has exerted 
every endeavor to arrange a game, Bates has 
steadily refused to come to an agreement, 
and has not even had the manliness to for- 
mally forfeit the game to Bowdoin, though 
by not accepting our offers she has virtually 
done so. 

Bates offers no explanation of her un- 
willingness to play, but if the general 
impression is correct, the true reason is that 
she is afraid of defeat. It would seem that 
honorable defeat should be preferred to 
cowardly evasion. Bates has put herself in 
an unenviable position. 

Another Yell. 

SoMERViLLB, Mass., June 10, 1893. 

To the Editors of the Bowdoin Orient : 

I HAVE read with great interest the arti- 
cles on the "Yell Question," which have 
appeared in the Orient, and I sincerely hope 
that you will continue to push the matter 
until Bowdoin has a yell at once creditable 
to the college and to him who evolved it 
from his brain. The need of abetter college 
yell than the present substitute for one is 
perfectly obvious; yet in my time we did 
not even have class yells ; and 'Ninety de- 
serves great credit for introducing her excel- 
lent 3'ell, setting an example which has been 
followed by succeeding classes. 

A good college yell is a positive necessity 
from the time college opens in the fall till 
it closes at Commencement. Nothing en- 
courages a nine, or eleven, or any other 
team like a rousing cheer from its support- 
ers. Though we had no good yell in my 
time, our fellows were not unaware of the 
stimulating effect of one, as shown, for in- 
stance, at a game of ball between the Bow- 
doins and the Portland League team, when 
the score was rapidly rolling up against the 
collegians, and it looked as if they would 
"go to pieces," a classmate of mine (after- 



ward president of the Y. M. C. A.), almost 
beside himself with grief, turned to those 
about him and said, with an appealing 
sob, "Let's (hie) spell '■Bowdoin,' boys!" 
What would he not have given for a good 
cheer ? 

A good college yell is the crying need of 
Bowdoin. She has as fine a body of students 
as any college in the world, and they are 
constantly increasing in numbers and excel- 
lence; she has a president who is the glory 
and pride of undergraduates and alumni 
alike; a faculty of young, able, progressive 
men, thoroughly in harmony with the stu- 
dents; a most admirable system of student 
self-government, devised by the well-beloved 
Professor Smith; a library which may well 
serve as a model ; a bright, progressive, 
unshackled Orient — and why should she not 
have a yell? If the students would show as 
much ingenuity in devising a yell for the 
college that they do in burlesquing Bates' 
rattling cheer, she would not long want for 

Of all (the few) that have appeared, by 
far the best, in my opinion, is 

" Seventeen - ninety - four, 
Bowdoin - Bowdoin, 

which is, indeed, far from being a bad yell, 
especially as Bowdoin's centennial comes 
next year; yet 

" Rah-rah-rah ! Rah-rab-rah! Bowdoin! Bowdoin! 
Orient! Bugle! Brunswick! Bowdoin! " 

has its merits, too. 

I was at once pleased and disappointed 
with the article, " Half- Way There," — pleased 
with its pungent and readable style, and dis- 
appointed that the writer left the question 
just where he found it. Lest my own com- 
munication be open to the latter criti- 
cism, I will offer a yell, which, however far 
it may be from being the ideal one, may, 
in view of the recent great prosperity of 

the college, be considered better than none 
at all: 

"Rah-rah, Rah-rah. On the Gain ! 
Bowdoin! Bowdoin! Brunswick, Maine! " 

Hoping we shall have a good yell by 
next fall, I remain. 

Yours truly, 

W. T. Hall, Jr., '88. 

Abstract of Baccalaureate Ser- 
mon by President Hyde. 

But when he came to himself he said, I will arise and 
go to my father. — Luke xv: 17, IS. 

There are three stages in the spiritual life of 
man : world-cousciousness, self-consciousness, and 
God-consciousness. As in nature we have first the 
blade, then the ear, after that the full corn in the 
ear; so in the spiritual life we have first childlike 
absorption in the sensations that come streaming in 
from the outside world ; then the self-centered 
ambition of the youth eager to subject all things to 
his own impetuous and imperious will ; after that 
the devotion of this matured power of self-assertion 
to the service of that higher will of whom both the 
order of nature and the ideal of man are the revela- 
tion and expression. 

The transition from innocent absorption in the 
world as it is to the self-centered ambition which 
strives to make a world exactly to our private 
liking, whether it is viewed in the race or the indi- 
vidual, is rightly regarded as a temporary fall. 

After the fall comes pain, after the feasting 
comes hunger, after the wandering comes home- 
sickness, after sin come remorse and penitence. 
Seeking to find ourselves in outward things we lind 
only our incompleteness. We cannot be satisfied 
with the husks that so perfectly satisfy the swiue. 
" Man's unhappiness comes of his greatness." 

The half truth of pessimism is this contrast 
between the infinity of the soul and the flnitude of 
all outward things ; and the escape from it is to be 
found in the union of the infinite longing of the 
heart of man with the infinite fullness of the life of 
God. We can find permanent satisfaction in noth- 
ing short of the recognition that the outward world 
of matter and the inward ideal of the mind are 



expressions of the one Infinite Spirit, whose thoughts 
we can thinlj after him, and whose will we can 
adopt as our own end and aim. We come to our- 
selves only in so far as we arise and go to our 
Father. The unconscious innocence of childhood 
and the self-seeking ambition of youth are stages 
in the development of the mature character. They 
have their temporary use; but they exist to be 
transcended. They should remain only as subordi- 
nated and incorporated elements in a generous 
and unselfish service of objective and social ends. 
Unless we put away the childish things of mere 
passive innocence and idle curiosity, we remain 
forever weak and frivolous and useless. Unless we 
likewise put away the youthful things of self-cen- 
tered ambition and desire for fame and wealth and 
place and power, we remain forever dwarfed and 
stunted, and our work becomes shallow, superficial, 
and pretentious. At this transition point in your 
lives may you all have wisdom and grace to rise 
above mere self-indulgence and mere self-assertion 
to that high devotion to social and universal ends 
which in these modern days is what we all under- 
stand to be the practical expression of the true 
religious life. May you so realize the incomplete- 
ness of the finite that you may seek the Infinite. 
May you so come to yourselves that you may arise 
and go to your Father. 

Junior Prize Declamation. 

'n LARGE audience assembled in Upper 
/ -*■ Memorial Hall, Monday evening, to hear 
the Junior Prize Speaking. There were 
eight contestants, several of whom did 
noticeably well. The first prize was awarded 
to George A. Merrill ; the second to Harry 
E. Andrews. The programme was as fol- 

The Great Canon. — Hugo. F. J. Libby, Richmond. 
Death of Sidney Carton. — Dickens. 

R. P. Plaisted, Augusta. 
Mohammed. — Meredith. 

B. B. Whitcomb, Ellsworth. 
The Death Bridge of the Tay.— Carleton. 

G. A. Merrill, Pownal. 
Joan of Arc— De Quiucy. F. W. Dana, Portland. 
Beginnings of Revolution.— Everett. 

R. H. Ba.Kter, Portland. 
The Teacher the Hope of America. — Ells. 

T. C. Chapman, Springfield, Mass. 

Napoleon Bonaparte. — Phillips. 

H. E. Andrews, Kennebuuk. 

The judges were Professor Wells, Pro- 
fessor Little, and J. L. Doolittle, '88. 

The committee in charge was composed 
of H. E. Andrews, R. P. Plaisted, and G. A. 

Class Day. 

Officees of '93. 

President, C. H. Savage. 

Marshal, E. H. Carleton. 

Committee : J. S. May, A. R. Jenks, and J. W. 

The exercises of the morning were held 
in Upper Memorial before a fair-sized au- 
dience who were deeply interested in the 
parts. The class, led by their marshal, 
marched in to the music of the Salem Cadet 
Band and took their assigned seats on the 
platform. President Charles H. Savage in- 
troduced the speakers. After the opening 
prayer by Charles H. Howard, Mr. H. C. 
Fabyan delivered the following oration : 

Class-Day Oration. 

By H. C. Fabyan. 

Mr. President, Fellow- Classmatas, Ladies and Gentlemen: 
This is an age of independence. The surest way 
to strike a responsive chord in an American heart 
is to relate the story of some soul or nation strug- 
gling to free itself from the bondage of slavery. We 
look with admiration at the independence and self- 
reliauce of Cresar, of Napoleon, of Washington — 
those shining lights of history. What true Ameri- 
can does not lend a sympathizing ear to the tale 
of the Swiss struggle for freedom and the noble 
self-sacrifice of William Tell ? What patriotic citi- 
zen does not even now rejoice in the thought that 
our forefathers offered up their lives to make a 
nation free and independent, and that our fathers 
willingly imperiled the life and happiness of this 
nation to free an enslaved race ? 

There are times and places for recreation and 
pleasure; there are times and places for the partic- 
ular work of life ; but patriotism— true patriotism- 
knows no time nor place. Like true charity, it is 
always with ns. Wherever in our country man 



becomes degraded or oppressed, it is the patriot's 
duty to lift him up and protect him. 

I purpose this morning to call attention to that 
class of people which constitutes, by far, the greater 
part of our population —the laborers — and especially 
to the attitude assumed by the organized working- 
men against their independent fellow-workmen. By 
independent or individual workmen I mean simply 
those men who work satisfied and giving satisfac- 
tion to their employers without the aid of organiza- 
tion. In order, however, to obtain a clearer view 
of this situation and of its injustice, it is well to 
notice first and briefly the condition of Labor in its 
greater struggle against Capital. 

A glance at the necrology of this country will 
confirm the assertion that during the past fifteen 
years more men possessed of great private fortunes 
have passed away than during the hundred years 
immediately preceding. The significance of this 
fact can hardly be overlooked by the mass of 
thoughtful men. Notwithstanding that the work- 
man is often assured that, in some essential condi- 
tions, be is now superior even to the English kings 
of two centuries ago, this great increase in the 
private fortunes of to-day is certainly greater than 
the proportionate advance made by the laboring 
classes. That the laboring men are realizing, more 
and more, this disproportionate improvement in 
their financial standing, is evinced by the great 
increase, within the last few years, in the number 
and magnitude of organized strikes and boycotts, 
their weapons of offense and of defense. 

In recent times the death of a njillionaire seems 
to refresh the memory of the average workingman 
with his own comparative condition, and serves to 
create in the minds of the great laboring classes a 
dissatisfaction and disturbance, as great, perhaps, 
and as general as that disturbance which the 
mythical Euceladus, buried beneath unquiet ^Etna, 
is said to have caused in ancient Sicily. 

The struggle of Labor against Capital is historic. 
It may also be said to be prehistoric. It had grown 
old long before Columbus, on his tempestuous 
voyage across the Atlantic, first saw, through the 
gathering darkness, the moving lights on San Sal- 
vador; long even before Christianity had begun to 
shed its humanizing influence throughout the civil- 
ized world ; and an attempt to trace out the various 
pliases which it has assumed, or to show the work- 
ings of the almost countless schemes which have 
been proposed and tested for its solution, would be 
unavailing. With advancing civilization, and con- 
tinual improvements in machinery, the difficulties 

of the problem have likewise increased, and from 
its present stern and stubborn aspect, the shadows 
of an approaching millennium are faint indeed. 
A fundamental law and principle of adjustment for 
this disastrous conflict have been sought for by the 
greatest intellects in historical times. Draco and 
Solon, Plato and Aristotle realized the great social 
and economic loss caused by this struggle, but they 
also realized the difficulties of bringing it to a 
peaceful close by accomplishing the task of making 
all men equal. They saw, as we see to-day, that 
the process is only effected by evolution. This 
evolution from slavery to the present condition of 
the laboring man in the English-speaking world, is 
one of the most important changes in the history of 
mankind. While, however, it has taken countless 
ages in its progression, its present state is still far 
from ideal. The laboring men of England and 
America have arrived only at a condition in which 
they can wage a more disastrous war against the 
capitalists, and can obtain to a greater degree the 
fulfillment of their demands. 

While the public mind has been absorbed in 
watching the progress of this struggle, another 
difficulty, inconspicuous for many years from its 
comparative harmlessness, has been gradually ma- 
turing, until it is now no longer possible to ignore 
its existence. When that great statesman, Thomas 
Jefferson, whose name the American people will 
always revere, uttered in the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence that famous sentence that all men are 
created equal and endowed by their Creator with 
the unalienable rights of life, liberty, and the pur- 
suit of happiness, the laboring men blessed him as 
their friend and protector against the power and 
oppression of capital. It was only reasonable that 
they rejoiced at this recognition of their freedom. 
Soon after, for their own protection against capital, 
labor unions began to be organized in various parts 
of the country. These, demanding equal rights for 
all, were for many years loosely organized, but the 
various unions, becoming improved and perfected, * 
gradually united into a few and became formidable 
weapons in the hands of their leaders. To-day it 
is well known that there do not exist in the United 
States organizations more powerful to accomplish 
both good and harm than the foremost labor unions. 

The right of the working man to organize is 
unquestionable, and that employer is plainly in the 
wrong who attempts to prevent any such union 
among his workmen. If capital organizes to accom- 
plish its purposes, if it locks up its goods for its own 
future profits, it would be eminently unfair to deny 



to labor an equal right. That Crojsus who to-day 
considers it insolent and presumptuous in his ser- 
vant to propose conditions to him, displays but 
little real knowledge of the atiairs of men. 

These organizations have done much to advance 
the condition of the laborer in this country. They 
have obtained for him many rights for which he 
might otherwise have sought in vain. 

No one will deny to these unions praise and 
sympathy, in so far as they have sought for justice 
from their employers; but, when they attempt to 
dictate to the individual workman outside their 
ranks; when, regardless of his own desires, they 
compel him to work when, where, and for what 
prices they themselves decide, or to starve; when, 
by threats of a disastrous strike, they compel the 
employer to discharge his non-union men, for the 
mere reason that they are non-union men, and to 
replace them by others (perhaps inferior in skill) 
from their own ranks; when they thus take away 
from the individual workingmen those sacred 
" rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happi-," they can no longer expect to retain that 
public sympathy which brought them into power. 
They overstep the line of justice no less than do 
their hereditary opponents. In their wild scramble 
to thwart the aims of capital they take no note of 
the sacrifice among the laborers themselves. They 
think nothing of the destruction of a hundred labor- 
ers, if only the so-called " rights of labor" can be 
sustained against a single employer. If these unions 
only can obtain justice from capital, it matters not 
what may be the cost of that justice to the inde- 
pendent workingmau. 

Five centuries ago, when the Black Death had 
decimated the laborers of England, when workmen 
were few and labor was therefore in great demand, 
the parliament of Edward III. decreed that the 
workingman should not receive more than his usual 
price for his labor. It is with righteous iudignation 
that the labor unions of to day look back on that 
• government as tyrannical and oppressive. Yet how 
much in the management of these same unions do 
parallels of that tyranny exist? The workmen of 
five centuries ago were not more absolutely con- 
trolled by the English government than are great 
numbers of individual laborers controlled to-day by 
mismanaged labor organizations. 

When such unions, founded upon the principles 
of liberty and the equality of all men, drive out of 
employment large numbers of faithful, contented, 
but unorganized workingmen ; when, by the aid of 
the boycott and the strike, they prevent employers 

throughout the commercial world from giving 
employment to these men thus driven out; when 
hundreds and thousands of deserving laborers are 
ruined by the misguided action of these unions, it 
is clear to every honest, thoughtful supporter of 
Labor that it is fleeing from one evil only to rush 
into another; that in its blind and furious attacks 
against Capital, it is perverting its own aims. 

These champions of labor, these scheming lead- 
ers who are foremost in urging the committal of 
such unjust acts, are no true friends of labor; and 
unions sanctioning such injustice must find, to their 
cost, that public opinion which brought them into 
being, can destroy them as well. They appealed, 
for their organization against capital, to public 
sympathy, and it responded heartily. But now 
they in turn, by their injustice to the individual 
workingmen, are proving no less false to their trust 
than capital itself has so often proved. 

We here in America know the force of public 
opinion. We are a progressive society, and in such 
society public opinion reigns supreme. Here no 
president would expect to govern, no statesman to 
succeed, no politician to live (politically), without 
keeping his hand continually upon the pulse of 
public sentiment. Nor can any great reform be 
expected to prosper which cannot attract the sup- 
port of public opinion. In his famous contest with 
Douglas, President Lincoln spoke not without mean- 
ing when he said: "With public oijinion on its 
side, everything succeeds; with public sentiment 
against it, nothing succeeds." Public opinion united 
the thirteen weak and antagonistic colonies in the 
bonds of national sisterhood ; public sympathy 
joined together the states of the North for the sup- 
pression of slavery in the South ; public sentiment 
condemns the criminal and frees the innocent, 
places commerce and finances in hopeless uncer- 
tainty and in prosperous security, roots out the evil 
whether it be in business, in politics, or in religion, 
and replaces it by the good. This sentiment is, to 
be sure, slow in action, but by no means to be mis- 
taken ; slow, oftentimes, to be disseminated, but 
none the less sure of its hold upon the public mind. 

As the neighboring river, with its power to turn 
thousands of looms and spindles, is not formed from 
one great spring, but, rising in a tiny stream near 
Mt. Washington's lofty height, it attains its force 
by the constant accumulations of small streams 
along its valley,— so public opinion is not formed by 
the single speech of some great statesman, but by 
the constant and repeated utterances of the many. 
Every endeavor to make known the condition of 



tueu, of fellow-citizens, deserving of the rigbt, yet 
siififering wrong; desiring freedom and independ- 
ence, yet oppressed and tyrannized over by their 
fellow- workmen, — every such endeavor aids in 
forming this public sentiment. 

To-day the non-union workingmen are appeal- 
ing to public sympiithy for justice and protection 
against oppressive labor unions, and gradually heed 
is being given to this appeal. Already the highest 
tribunal in the country has pronounced against 
such injustice, — and it would be wrong to impute to 
the American people that they would knowingly 
suffer such a destruction of the liberties of the weak 
to be sustained by their sympathy. Not yet have 
been forgotten those Jeffersouian principles which 
form the very key-stone of our constitutional 
structure. As surely as that sympathy which has 
been extended to these organized laborers has been 
misused, so surely will it, in due time, be with- 
drawn ; and its withdrawal is the removal of the 
prop by which these unions are sustained. 

After auotlier selection by the baud, 
which was heartily encored, Mr. Peabody 
read the class poem with his usual felicity 
of expression. 

Class-Day Poem. 

By Clarence W. Peabody. 

Time's record is but brief. The items read 
To-day " books closed; into the world is freed 
Some certain number." Time records no name 
As yet, nor ever will record till fame 
And honor to their equal ranks have come, 
And for the world's rewards have chosen some. 
To-day, schooled in the wisdom of the past, 
Into the present they go forth to east 
Their lines into the future's unknown deojj. 
Hope, joy, and strength, and bold ambition keep 
External watch within the young man's heart. 
Distrust and fear must ever stand apart. 
And yet impatient youth does not refuse 
To heed the words of wisdom, or to use 
Such counsel as it finds to build more high 
The fabric it is raising toward the sky. 

When he, our country's laureate uncrowned. 
He whose great name has sanctified this ground. 
Raised in yon church his noble hymn to age, 
He honored youth upon the self-same page, 
And from his wisdom ofi'ered for a guide 
The old, old verse that Britomartis spied 

Upon the enchanter's door. We, too, may heed 
The poet's sage advice; we, too, may road 
Into our souls this motto grand and old — 
' Be bold, be bold, and everywhere be bold. 
Be not too bold, yet better the excess 
Than the defect ; better the more than less." 
But boldness is the soldier's word ; the shout 
Of battle and the angry waves that flout 
The fragile bark, the dreary jjolar waste, 
The Congo's pathless swamp, where must be faced 
The poisoned arrow of an unseen foe. 
These call for boldness ; what have we to show 
Like these P What need of boldness have we here 
Amid the promise of a calm career ? 
Yet trust the words of wisdom, for in all 
The peaceful paths we follow there is call 
For men who do and dare. To these alone 
The hidden wonders of the world are shown. 

The time for choosing our life-work is come. 
The famed arena of the law to some 
Holds out attraction; from the student life 
Of quiet they go forth into the strife 
Of business, to defend the rights of men. 
The lawyer should be bold and fearless when 
He fights for justice, bold to place the right 
Above old customs and old laws, which slight 
The manifold requirements of new 
Conditions, new relations ; should be true 
To those who trust him with aftairs of slate, 
By boldly guarding them against the fate 
Of their too hasty judgments, even though 
His own ambition suffers overthrow. 
The lawyer should be bold, but not too bold ; 
Attempt new laws, respect, revere the old. 

Death is a foe that seldom meets his meed ; 

Who fights with death must needs be bold indeed. 

You who go forth to heal the ills of man, 

Your work is not completed when you scan 

The pages of the past. This age is yours. 

The patient work of science from the doors 

Of charlatans at last has stricken down 

The emblems of your noble trade ; the frown 

Of superstitions ages was on those 

Who wrought the change ; who boldly dared expose 

The hollow farce of customary cure. 

To sift away the false and save the pure. 

The end is not yet come ; be bold to say 

That no disease henceforth shall hold its sway 

Over the destinies of man ; be bold 

To prove your bold assertion and unfold 

Before the scofling world the fruits of deep 

Research. Let hidden truths no longer sleep. 



And you, O mild physician of tlie soul, 
Has boldness place upon your parchment roll, 
Where figure meekness, faith, and hope and love? 
It lias, indeed, a place, though not above 
The rest. Be meek and faithful, but proclaim. 
With fearless tongue, the Master in whose name 
You act. Be bold to sift the truth from old 
Mistake and error ; but be not too bold, — 
Destroy not ancient landmarks, for they trace 
The boundaries of our faith. Yet boldly place 
The chisel to the stone, and cut away 
The rust which hides it from the light of day. 
Fear not the wrath of synods nor their bann ; 
Hold with your brothers if with truth you can ; 
But if from their communion you are hurled. 
Like Athanasius, stand against the world. 

O man of science, dreaming even now 
Of forces still unchained, and planning how 
This element and that may be compelled 
Into man's service. Wondering we have held 
Your predecessors' work before our eyes. 
The kite that Franklin iiew in stormy skies. 
And Newton's apple-fall, which served to find 
Another secret of the Eternal Mind, 
These and the other little things which fall 
Before the eyes of earnest men, are all 
That science builds upon, save boldness; — this 
The law of nature fashions ; and thoy miss 
Its deep import who lack in boldness. You 
To this our motto, scientist, be true. 
In nature's chaos pathways boldly blaze ; 
Cut back the hedges of the ancient ways. 
Be ever bold. In nature there still lie 
Deep secrets unrevealed to human eye. 

To you whose busy pen records each day 
The progress of the world, what need to say 
To you the poet's motto ; 'tis your own. 
In this sign have you conquered. You have shown 
What wonders may be wrought by boldness, how 
To boldness earth's deep secrets all must bow. 
By boldness you have unearthed crimes, explored 
Dark continents, ruled nations; and the sword 
Rusts on the wall. The editorial pen 
Of boldness is the symbol to all men. 

And if from busy life the pen depart 

To seek its inspiration from the heart. 

You, too, O writer, may be bold to throw 

Your soul into the work and to let go 

The fetters of conventionality. 

Discard confining rules ; be boldly free 

To tell your story as you read it in 

Your heart, nor count what praises it may win. 

The business world calls some ; the thousand cares 
And interests, the prizes that it bears, 
The unknown possibility ; the chance 
Of rise, the chance of fall, all these enhance 
It in their eyes. Be bold and do not fear 
The outcome. Boldness wins the prizes here 
If backed by worth and merit. Let the tide, 
The human tide, not pass you by, but ride 
Upon the foremost wave that's onward rolled. 
Have wisdom, worth, and knowledge ; then be bold. 

O teacher, you of all men love the peace 
And quiet of secluded life, where cease 
The echoes of the world's discordant din ; 
Yet you have work to do and bold^work in 
The midst of life. Our fathers boldly reared 
The school to guard their liberties, and feared 
No danger to the nation while it stood. 
Foe to all evil, guardian of good. 
You tried and earnest scholars, in whose care 
Is placed this dearest charge, well may you bear 
Our soldier word and to its voice attend. 
Yours is a soldier's duty to defend 
Our foremost bulwark from insidious foes 
Who mine beneath its loft}' towers, and those 
More valiant, who are storming at the gate 
With weapons forged of ignorance and hate. 
Be bold, be bold, and everywhere be bold 
The precious roll of learning to unfold. 
That all may share its blessing; and if one 
Shall dare to say you nay, then let him shun 
The fate of those who raise a traitor's hand 
Against the flag which floats above our land, — 
The flag that guards each school-house, and in turn 
Is guarded by the loyal hearts, who learn 
(If, teacher, thou dost boldly teach), of thee 
How best they may preserve their liberty. 

Under the Thokndike Oak. 

The larogramine for the afternoon exer- 
cises was as follows : 


Opening Address. F. M. Shaw. 


Class History. B. F. Barker. 


Class Prophecy. M. S. Cliftbrd. 


Parting Address. A. S. Maggett. 

After the class had marched to their 
seats to the music of the band, and the speak- 
ers of the afternoon had taken their places 



upon the platform, Mr. Shaw delivered the 
Opening Address. 

Opening Address. 

By p. M. Shaw. 

As I staud here to-day to deliver the opening 
address of the last exercises which, as a class, we 
shall ever conduct, every thought, as it is rudely 
tossed from my mind, seems to throw back, in 
reproachful murmur, like the echo from a distant 
hill-side, the word sadness; sadness, because I 
realize how little there now remains of these four 
happy and fruitful years, and that, ere another 
week has come, our college days will exist only in 
our memory — the sweetest and, perhaps, the dear- 
est reminiscences of our whole lives. 

Still the knowledge that these bright years will 
ever be with us in memory, and that, however 
stormy and adverse our after life may be, there will 
always remain this oasis to cheer and make us 
forget our hardships in the pleasant recollections of 
our youth. These very thoughts seem to give a 
certain touch to our sadness, making it, as one of 
the most illustrious of Bowdoin's graduates has 
said ; 

" A sadness which is not akin to pain, 

But resembles sorrow only as the mist resembles rain." 

There is a certain satisfaction in beholding our 
class — the class of '93— associated with the names 
of those who have gone before and who have long 
since felt the same dignity and pride as we, about 
to withdraw from these halls, to leave forever these 
buildings, suggesting a hundred little incidents — 
beacons of our course,— to bid a grateful adieu to 
this campus, beautified by Nature's kindly hand, 
and honored by yonder graceful spires, and, finally, 
to part with our name of fellow-students in order 
that we may assume the broader and, doubtless, 
more responsible name of fellow-citizens. 

What a pleasure there is in looking back over 
our college course. How quickly our first year 
flitted by, with its trials and victories, its sports 
and studies. And how eagerly we threw aside the 
yoke which held us as Freshmen, and flew to our 
banquet to assume the dignity and airs of full- 
fledged Sophs. But Sophomore and Junior years 
speed on, thinning out our ranks, but still binding 
us to one another more firmly than ever, and, while 
other classes are wont to contend and wrangle 
among themselves for this and that office, we have 
never broken our bonds of friendship, and, as each 
class election has come and gone, realize, with 

greater force than ever, how proud we ought to be 
of this special characteristic. Senior year has left 
us impressed with the deep siguiflcance of these 
four years. 

As we are about to step out into the world, 
perhaps it would be of interest to reflect upon the 
advantages which a college course offers one, and to 
see if they are of a practical nature. We hear, 
nowadays, much talk about the self-made man, 
meaning one who has won marked success in a few 
very narrow lines. He often clamors over his good 
fortune, and is proud to point to the fact that with 
scarcely any education and with his own energy 
and shrewdness he has attained an honored and 
respected position, while many, with a college or 
university training, are still toiling far beneath him. 
Such examples, so attractive to the mass of people, 
leads one into the belief that study, beyond a certain 
point, is of no practical value and should be confined 
to the few. 

Now no reflections should be cast upon the self- 
made man ; for surely his energy, enterprise, and 
perseverance are worthy of the highest praise. What 
I wish to show is that his success is due to three 
conspiring agencies, and that only one of these 
does credit to the individual figure. These agencies 
are, first, his native and inherited endowments; 
secondly, opportunities for the exercise of these 
natural abilities — opportunities which have pre- 
sented themselves to him through no effort on his 
part,— and thirdly, the only one in which credit 
can be bestowed upon him is the use which he 
makes of those natural capacities and opportunities. 

If these are the elements that constitute the 
self-made man— or better, the fortunate, energetic 
man, for, strictly speaking, no one can possibly be 
self-made — why cannot they be applied to all 
spheres of life, and what can be more beneficial 
than an institution which will strengthen one's 
natural endowments and train the mind, enabling 
one to take the highest advantage of whatever 
course in life he may choose to pursue. 

How often one meets a person who stoutly 
maintains that a college education disqualifies, or, 
at all events, does not appreciably fit man for a 
practical life, declaring that it is only in the various 
phases of manufacturing, industrial, and mercan- 
tile pursuits that this indispensable characteristic 
of life exists. With this assertion the question 
very naturally arises why is it, then, that a mercan- 
tile life always succeeds in turning out year after 
year its full share of failures. Surely there must 
be a discrepancy somewhere ; fur you see unprac- 



tical men in business as well as in the professions, 
in fact, in all the walks of life, and I think tlie 
fault lies in the misooucoptiou of the i^hrase of prac- 
tical life. It ought to signify all the activity which 
bring man into worthy relations with one an 
other. It is as wide as humanity, and enters into 
all pursuits that bear upon the moral and intel- 
lectual as well as the physical and material inter- 
ests of mankind. 

A college aims to develop a man's self-making 
powers, which include the control of one's self, of 
one's faculties, and the ability of mastering and of 
guiding them with undaunted and intelligent energy 
to whatever his work, ambition, or the demands of 
life may summon him. And then the college in order 
to give the student a training of his whole being, 
a good foundation on which to build in the future, 
seeks to include within its scope the literature of 
all ages, of all nations, and of all subjects, for it is 
the expression of the best and noblest lives, and 
the most profound and wisest thoughts. Nor is 
the study of lives and works the only benefits 
derived from college. The intercourse of students 
with one another is an education in itself. It helps 
to strengthen the student, it broadens his mind, 
tempers his wits, enables him to more accurately 
estimate his own ability, and to form noble ])]aiis 
and purposes. 

It is not true, as was perhaps the case of yore, 
that he is not iu touch with the outside world. He 
is, as it were, upon a high hill where he can view the 
battle of life below and he does not gaze upon it, as 
many suppose, with indifference, but knowing that 
he is soon to take part in the strife, his young 
blood tingles with ambition, and he is always 
peering hither and thither eager to find the place 
allotted to him, the one that will offer him the 
noblest life, and in which he will be of greatest 
service to his fellow-beings. 

A college education develops the altruistic 
spirit which, as has been said, regards everything 
human as of itself. It deepens and intensifies a 
student's sense of justice ; its sets constantly before 
him the noblest ideals of personal and social life ; 
it brings him into close and sympathetic relations 
with almost every subject and problem, enlisting 
him in all moves of social and religious importance. 
Therefore, is it to be wondered at, that we, as 
members now, and presently to be enrolled as 
graduates of such a worthy and useful institution, 
should feel a thrill of pride and deep gratitude 
towards our Alma Mater who has bestowed upon 
us so many benefits. And we hasten to extend a 

hearty and grateful welcome to you all assembled 
this day to listen to these exercises of the Com- 
mencement week of the class of 1893. 

Mr. B. F. Barker then read the Class 
History, its many hits and allusions calling 
forth frequent applause and laughter. 

Class History. 

Bt B. F. Barker. 

It is not a favorable time to write history, 
almost directly after the events to be recorded have 
taken place. Space should be left for the various 
incidents to receive a thin coating of years over 
their surfaces, when they can be looked at through 
the light haze of time, and with their defacements 
and rough corners concealed, a fairer and more im- 
partial account of them can be rendered. Only 
four years ago did the class of '9:5 start to make its 
history and to-day its pages are held up to your 
eyes. But, notwithstanding the fact that we are 
dealing with contemporary events, the writer has 
tried to give a fair and impartial account of our 
course at old Bowdoin, showing our acts in their 
own light, and as free as possible from false colors. 

On the seventeenth day of September, Anno 
Domini one thousand eight hundred and eighty- 
nine, there appeared on the Bowdoin's campus the 
annual fall stock of green goods, in the form of the 
class of '93. The weather bureau did not intend 
that we should receive too cordial a reception and 
clouds hung over the campus all day, a circum- 
stance that was a sure sign that water would soon 
fall, so the knowing ones jjrophesied. The next 
day and the days following were bright and clear, 
but nevertheless were marked by sudden and un- 
expected downfalls of condensed aqueous vapor, 
which apparently fell from the open sky, but on 
closer examination it was seen that an open win- 
dow and a water pail were behind them. We got 
through our first few days much as other Freshmen 
have done and the first week of our course ended 
by our victory over the Sophomores in base-ball by 
a score of 31 to 10. 

By the end of this first week our class num- 
bered forty-five men, and we congratulated our- 
selves on the fact that we were to belong to one of 
the largest classes then iu college. Our numbers 
gradually fell off, however, and if you look in the 
last edition of the Bugle you will see under the list 
of former members of '93, almost as many as are 
now in the class. 'Ninety-three always hashad the 
reputation of containing some exceedingly fine 



scholars, and when on the roll are found the names 
of men, who, by their great brilliancy, have been 
able to complete their college course in from one to 
seven terms, it only strengthens the assertion. 

There entered college with us one individual 
whom no '93 men will ever forget so long as a mem- 
ory of Freshman year remains, but who will always 
stand out boldly as a landmark whenever the Ger- 
man nation or the French language is mentioned. 
I speak of John Ernst Matzke, Doctor of Philoso- 
phy, Professor of the French Language and Litera- 
ture. The members of '93 saw that this man was 
even fresher and less acquainted with college cus- 
toms than were they themselves. The class as a 
whole, being imbued with a spirit of philanthropy 
and charity, sought to correct the ways of this 
young Dutchman and tried to make him under- 
stand how men, who had left the primary school 
some years behind, expected to be treated. But 
we only half succeeded. He did not appreciate the 
lessons and precepts that we sought to inculcate 
into his mind, and when the ranks for the fall 
term's work in French went home Matzke's revenge 
was clearly and plainly seen. It is perhaps hardly 
fair to talk about a man behind his back, but the 
history of '93 would be far from complete without 
at least a mention of this personage who was such 
a central figure in many of the episodes of Fresh- 
man year. We are the only class left in college 
that has so much as a memory of him remaining, 
and with our departure let his name pass from the 
lips of Bowdoin men. 

Among the greatest bugbears of a Freshman 
are his first exams. The first one of importance is 
usually in Mathematics, just before the Thanks- 
giving recess. About a week before the date of the 
exam the Professor announces in a voice which, to 
the trembling Freshman, who is not thoroughly 
acquainted with his indeterminate equations, ap- 
pears to sound his death knell, "The examination 
in this subject will be held next Friday at 8.30." 
There is a pause, and from the grave-yard aspect 
that creeps over every one's face you imagine that 
the next words will be, "When you will be hanged 
by the neck until dead." And it is true that when 
some of us left our seats after that first exam we 
had indeed been slain. 

There was one man in our class who was in the 
habit of holding post-mortems, i.e., of asking the 
other fellows how they answered this and that 
question, after every exam. His friends became so 
tired of this that they decided to give him a lesson. 
One day after a final exam in Latin Mr. X rushed 

into the club at dinner time and at once asked Mr. 
Y — " What did you call the 10th, ablative of cause 
or specification ? " There was dead silence for a 
moment, when Mr. Y arose and said, "Mr. X, the 
examination in Latin closed at 1L30. It is now 
twenty minutes of one. Sarah, I'll have some rare 
roast beef with vegetables." 

On Field Day of Freshman year we accomplished 
a feat that was without precedent in the history of 
the college. '93 won the class boat race. It was 
an unexpected victory to the most of us, for a 
Freshman victory on the water had never before 
been heard of; but after the first shock of surprise 
had passed, preparations for a proper celebration 
were begun. The crew was royally banqueted at 
the Tontine, and the semi- tough element had a 
chance to become used to the flavor of the mild 
Havana before the occasion of the bigger banquet 
in Portland a few weeks later. It was our Fresh- 
man supper in Portland that marked the downfall 
of three of our prominent Y. M. C. A. men, through 
their mistake in imbibing freely in Roman punch, 
which they innocently took to be ice-cream that 
bad been some time out of the freezer. 

After the long vacation we came back freed 
from the bonds of Freshman year and put on the 
red paint of the Sophomores. At no time during 
the college course does one feel so high, mighty, 
and important as he does at the beginning of Soph- 
omore year. There is a younger class to be care- 
fully brought up, and the Sophomore feels it his 
duty to act as the stern parent. This feeling lasted 
with us until Thursday night, and then came our 
horn concert. We succeeded in making the circuit 
of the dormitories three times, but it was only 
accomplished by cutting ropes and breaking down 
barriers at every step, so arranged as to hold us 
long enough for eggs of uncertain age to be dropped 
and scrambled on our shoulders, and washed off 
again with water tossed down in flour bags from 
the fourth story windows. A Sophomore loses 
much of his dignity after this affair, and regards 
the upperclassmen as in league with the Freshmen 
and on the same level with them. The athletes of 
the class were so exhausted by the work of the 
previous evening that we failed to win the foot-ball 
rush from the Freshmen on Friday, which caused 
Jenks to quote a long passage from the New Testa- 
ment, revised to order. The next day things were 
running smoothly again, and wc won the ball game 
from '94, 11 to 9. 

We found the Freshmen very willing and ready 
to provide us with light refreshments after the toil 



and labor of the day was over, and also to entertain 
us with dancing and song ; and frequently we par- 
took of their hospitality. But the good things of 
the world cannot last always, and one morning we 
received a cordial invitation to attend an afternoon 
tea at the home of the President. That little meet- 
ing ended our watchful care over the Freshmen, 
and we handed them over to the tender mercies of 
the Faculty and the Jury. 

Our athletic feats of Sophomore year ended in a 
satisfactory manner by our winning the class cup 
on Field Day and by our crew for the second time 
winning first place in the class races. 

At the beginning of Junior year our numbers 
had been reduced to 34, notwithstanding the addi- 
tion of two new men the previous year, Arnold and 

With Junior year came the course in Chemistry, 
and our class, like all its predecessors, had its full 
share of accidents in the laboratory. One day 
Chamberlain was generating hydrogen, when the 
apparatus suddenly exploded, at the same time 
igniting a large box of sulphur which had been 
placed near by. Weston was stunned for a moment, 
and as the blue flames of the sulphur came up 
around him, he evidently thought he had gone to 
that bourne from which no traveler return, for 
he was heard to remark as he caught a glimpse of 
his classmates through the fumes, " Well, it's a hot 
place, but I guess my friends are all here." It was 
during one of the quizzes in this same course that 
Lambert informed the Professor that the presence 
of a large amount of carbonic acid gas in the air. 
was apt to make it very impressive. 

There are only a few members of '93 that have 
noticeable hobbies, still there are two or three who 
spend nearly all their leisure moments on one thing. 
Gerry Haggett has won a great reputation as a 
clog dancer and imitator of farm dialect. He has 
also been of invaluable assistance to the professors 
in keeping order in the class-room. The favorite 
pursuit of Clifford and McArthur has been to keep 
as far as possible from the portals of the muscle 
factory, otherwise known as the gymnasium. Jesse 
White Lambert will alwaj's be noted for his puns, 
and in a measure they explain the decreased size of 
our class. Bucknam used to be in the habit of 
going into a half-hour's trance every other day, but 
now he goes to Bath instead, in company with sev- 
eral other devotees at the shrine of the shipping 

When it became time to put on our Senior 
dignity our numbers had been reduced to 32, 

although one new member, Mr. McCann, had cast his 
lot among us, and now, as we are here together for 
the last few days of our college life, we number 31, 
Ridley having been the last man to leave. 

The statistics of the class are as follows : 

Number at entrance, 45 ; number at graduation, 
31. Combined age of the class is 696 years; aver- 
age age is 22 years 1 month. The oldest member 
is MoCann, 29 years ; the youngest Barker, 20 years 
7 months. Combined height of the class is 177 feet 
6 inches ; average height is 5 feet 8 inches. Tallest 
man. Shay, 6 feet ; shortest, F. M. Shaw, 5 feet 4 

The total weight of the class is 4,626 pounds ; 
average weight, 149 pounds. Heaviest man, McCann, 
209 pounds; lightest, Arnold, 115 pounds. 

Of the studies taken during the course, five men 
prefer Psychology, four Political Science, four Biol- 
ogy, three Chemistry, three English Literature, 
German, Greek, Philosophy, Physics, two each, 
Geology, French, History, and Sociology, one each. 

Intended occupation : law 9, business 6, medi- 
cine 4, teaching 4, theology 2, electrical engineering, 
physical instruction, journalism, 1 each; 3 are 

Religious preference: Congregationalist 15, 
Unitarian 3, Universalist, Baptist, Episcopalian, 
Heathen, 2 each ; 5 have no preference. 

Politics: Republican 24, Democrat 5, Independ- 
ent 2. 

Two men are engaged, one is unable to tell 

whether he is or not. Emery knows the most girls. 

Twenty-one of the class smoke. Six of these 

buy their own tobacco, the rest rely on their friends. 

Our college days are near their end. All the 
writer can wish is that our relations with the world 
may be as pleasant as they have been with each 
other and with the college as a whole. Our class 
meetings have always been noted for their harmony 
and lack of society feeling, a thing of which any 
class may be proud to boast. There are scores of 
little incidents that have happened during our 
college course that cannot be mentioued here, but 
will be sacredly cherished by the individuals that 
have taken part in them, and in the days to come, 
when we sit in our easy-chairs with half closed eyes, 
and let our thoughts wander back to our former 
life, by no means the least delightful of the memo- 
ries that will come up around us will be those of 
old Bowdoin and the class of '93. 

Mr. Clifford's bright prophecies were next 
in order. His clear tones added much to the 



pleasure of the audience, who seemed to 
enjoy the "points" of the speaker as much 
as (lid the students themselves. 

Class Prophecy. 

By Milton S. Clifford. 

Poets are born, not made; prophets are made, 
not born. Otherwise I fear I should not have had 
the pleasure this afternoon of revealing to you the 
future of the class of '93. 

It is a sad history, that of the prophet; it is a 
history of degeneration, of retrogression ; of prog- 
ress ever backward; sad I might say as my won- 
drous career as an indoor athlete. We look for 
such utterances as came from the divine lips of an 
Elijah and hear only the flippant prognostications 
of a weather prophet, a base-ball prophet, or a 
class prophet. What a fall has there been, my 
countrymen. We can say as the wise Bacon said 
of the men who cared not for truth, "Formerly 
these honored seers were philosophers, now they 
arc discoursing wits." 

Oh, that Bacon was wise; altogether too wise, 
we thought, for our overworked Sophoraoric brains. 
Surely no term more fittingly describes the weather 
wiseacre or the know-it-all base-ball oracle than 
discoursing wit. It is their unbridled, unwarranted 
and injudicious predictions that have brought upon 
the soothsayer the ill-repute which now attaches 
itself to his office. Every opportunity was given 
the base-ball enthusiast of prophetic tendencies 
this spring to prove himself worthy the honor, re- 
spect, and reverence of bis associates; — but alas! — 
he has shown his utter incompetency to cope with 
such questions. According to his wild and incoher- 
ent mutterings there was to be at this time a 
certain tri-colored flag swaying gently in the breezes 
which waft themselves across the college delta. 
But the pennant that we longed for has not come. 

The weather prophet is entirely beneath my 
notice, and I will not detain you with a recital of 
his short-comings and untrustworthiness, already 
too familiar. 

But class prophets differ from the preceding in 
that they have a mission to perform, — if not a mis- 
sion at least a duty. That duty is to occupy as 
ranch of the valuable time of an audience on class- 
day as that audience will stand without rising in 
their wrath and the boiling sun and ordering him 
to desist. He is supposed to be funny, but often- 
times his attempts to be funny are funnier than the 
fun itself. 

However the class prophet has a great advantage 
over all other prognosticators wherever, whatever, 
or whoever they may be. Ho is never believed. 
Say what he will, be it with the wisdom of a Solo- 
mon or the e.\travagance of a Baron Munchausen, 
his words weigh lightly indeed upon the consci- 
ences of those whose futures be is thus laying open 
to the inspection of the world. 

But this is the age of Yankee energy, hurry, 
and rush, and I will not delay longer with the ex- 
planation of the duties of this ofBce which an indulgent 
class has bestowed upon me. So, with the char- 
acteristic alacrity and rapidity of the age let us 
move forward in time to the year 1908, just fifteen 
years after the graduation of the class from old 

It was in 1908 that I determined to set forth 
upon a journey, and I set about to find a means of 
conveyance which would be at once comfortable 
and rapid. There had been wonderful improve- 
ments in the past ten years in the manufacture of 
air ships, and it was a craft of this description that 
I procured to carry me to strange lands but famil- 
iar faces, for I was the guest of my old class- 
mates of Bowdoin College. (I might mention the 
fact here that I was very unfortunate in my pur- 
chase, for within ten days afterward the price of 
air ships fell nearly a half) 

It was on June 20, 1908, that the gentle breezes 
of heaven withdrew my craft with myself ensconced 
therein, away from the whirl of this mundane exist- 
ence into the ethereal heights above. I was dashing 
along at a tremendous rate of speed, when, chanc- 
ing to point ray spy-glass at a certain little hamlet 
below, I was amazed to discover an object which 
had every appearance of familiarity. I was curious 
and began to descend. 

A near approach revealed the unmistakable 
ruddy cheek and benign smile of Gerry Haggett, 
the jocular genius of the class of '93. But, oh, 
fellow-classmates, how changed ! It is Gerry no 
longer, and perhaps it would be well to pause here 
for a few moments of silent weeping. He has 
grown a full beard, and with its growth has van- 
ished forever that facial accomplishment which 
made him so envied by us all. But he is genial 
and jovial yet, and spoke with the utmost fervor of 
his college days and that ever-memorable Senior 
class supper. He is Professor of Latin at a female 
seminary, and was spending his vacation at his old 
home in Newcastle where I saw him. I was intro- 
' duced to his wife, and had the doubtful pleasure of 



trotting one of his young hopefuls on my knee for 
a half hour or more. 

I was rather surprised to hear that Charlie 
Howard was pastor of the Congregational church 
in the town, and had been there for several years. 
Charlie seemed to be meeting with as good success 
chinning his congregation as he did the faculty 
when he was in college. 

The next day, as I was continuing my aerial flight, 
I suddenly felt a deep sense of oppression steal over 
me as if I was approaching an atmosphere not in the 
least agreeable to ray constitution. I looked for 
the cause and there, stretched forth to my inquiring 
gaze, was the good old town of Brunswick, and it 
was that intellectual atmosphere of Bowdoiii Col- 
lege which had so strangely affected me. 

I landed safely and wandered up and down the 
familiar walks. I was just approaching the scene of 
many of ray happiest youthful hours, the gyrana- 
sium, when I heard a tremendous roar and could 
see a gigantic form bearing down upon me at the 
rate of a mile a minute. But I quieted my palpi- 
tating heart when I discovered that it was that 
essence of the milk of human kindness, Elraer 
Carleton, Professor of Physical Culture in Bowdoin 
College, but " Crazy" as ever. When I had recovered 
suflioiently from the effects of his overwhelmingly 
rauscular embrace, and had very tenderly re- 
adjusted my aching digits, together we strolled over 
to the college library where Carleton told me our 
old friend and classmate, Arnold, a Benedict now in 
fact as well as name, was librarian. 

It was long past the prescribed hour for his. 
coming, yet I wondered not at his non-appearance 
when I remerabered his wonted college custom of 
always being behind hand. But it was not long 
before I heard those soft and dulcet tones flowing 
from his lips with the melody and rhythm which were 
once such a source of delight to classmates and 
professors alike. As secretary of the alumni asso- 
ciation he had heard from many of the members of 
'93, aud I gleaned considerable information from 
him regarding them. 

John Shepard May went into the hazardous old 
Chinese enterprise of manufacturing gun powder, 
and at last accounts had not made the acquaint- 
ance of St. Peter and his assistants. He has 
become such a powerful citizen in the community 
in which he lives that he has discarded his old name, 
May, aud has assuraed the imperfect, though pos- 
sibly more euphonious surname to his own ears, 

George Shay, and, by the way, let me remark 

that this is not that wonderful "One Horse Shay" 
which school-girls and school-boys have ridden and 
broken down since time first began, but a live, ani- 
mate, struggling, toiling son of Adam; — Shay, to be 
brief, first devoted his college education to teaching 
the young idea to shoot, but trouble came into the 
school, and when it came to a question of leaving 
or himself being "shot" into the frigidity of a mid- 
winter snow-drift, he decided that a quiet law 
practice was more conducive to health and mor- 

Jones married while yet the blush of youth was 
upon his cheek, and we might with truth remark, 
upon his nose also. He lives in a quiet village of 
sparse population, but large burial facilities, where 
he has a large and constantly increasing medical 

McCann, the adopted son of the class, put be- 
hind him all the good things of this world, and bid 
farewell to every pleasurable allurement to become 
a missionary to the South Sea Islands. For years 
nothing was heard of his whereabouts after that 
bright spring morning when he was left friendless 
and alone amid a band of hungry looking, battle- 
scarred, and paint-bedaubed savages, whose very 
mouths appeared to water at the glorious feast 
seemingly in store. But recently news has been 
received telling of his miraculous escape and subse- 
quent power among them. Every inhabitant upon 
the island has been Christianized and educated, 
but nowhere in the whole realm can be found a be- 
liever in evolution. 

Fabyan and Peabody are lawyers and have an 
ofBce in Washington, where they hobnob with the 
President, senators, and representatives as only 
true lobyists can. 

Jesse Lambert, the sprinter, punster, jester, and 
joker of '93, edits the funny column on one of the 
metropolitan papers and staxtds faJcile prinkeps, or 
as it was when I went to school, facile princeps, in 
his profession. The physicians of the city arc 
troubled greatly with the obesity patients who 
have laughed and grown fat on Jesse's jokes. 
Jesse himself, they say, is growing more aud 
more to resemble Bill Nye in facial expression and 
anatomical proportions. 

Herbert Owen, familiarly known to his class- 
mates as Gnp, by his superior gallantry with the 
female sex, had the good fortune to become the 
chosen suitor of a dashing and wealthy young 
widow. The multitude of servants about the 
estate enable him to maintain an existence with 
almost no effort ou his part, which is a very satis- 



factory arrangement to this never over-assiduous 
young gentleman. 

It was with feelings of anxiety that I asked the 
good Professor Arnold concerning the guileless 
Lilliputian of our class, Freddie Shaw. He was so 
open, so frank, so unused to the dishonesty and 
corruption of the world about him that I feared 
lest some evil genius might have stolen into that 
innocent mind and drawn the ex-coxswain from 
the narrow path of duty. Not so, said the pro- 
fessor, and I wept tears of joy. Freddie has sud- 
denly become wealthy through a recent medical 
discovery. It is a patent medicine warranted to 
lengthen the most chronic case of diminutive 
stature within three weeks. Freddie took one 
bottle and grew two feet. He now receives an an- 
nuity of $10,000 for the use of his photograph 
before and after taking. I looked rather incredu- 
lously at Arnold when he told me, but he assured 
me that he had spoken with veracity and corrobo- 
rated his statement by showing me one of the pho- 

He who bore the lofty, though empty title of 
" Duke" during his college years, on his graduation 
assumed the name of his baptismal day, Augustus 
Alphonso Hussey. He became a veterinary surgeon 
and piscatorial enthusiast. Arnold started to tell 
me one of the ex-Duke's fish stories, but before he 
had finished the first sentence I had bade him an 
affectionate farewell and was off. 

The next day I boarded my strange craft and 
before long had reached a pretty New England city 
where I had heard that Hutchinson had settled and 
was enjoying a law practice of great " renumeration " 
(if I may be allowed to thus pronounce the word). 
I sought his office, but found there only a notice 
saying, "Out of Town." I made some inquiries 
as to his probable whereabouts and was told that I 
would probably find him at the ball game. Thither 
I wended my way and sure enough there he was, 
waving his hat and shouting at the top of his voice 
for the winning side. When his enthusiasm had 
somewhat subsided, and I deemed it safe to approach 
the ex-Bowdoin captain, I was received with the 
most cordial greetings and together we walked to 
his office. 

On the way I chanced to glance across the street 
and my curiosity was aroused by a very fashionably 
dressed young man who had a decidedly familiar 
look about him. " Can you tell me, Hutch," I said, 
" who that stylish looking gentleman with the tall 
hat and cigarette may be?" " Why," said my com- 
panion, "don't you recognize him? that is Cricket 

Wilder, and he is one of the most expert electri- 
cians in the city. He has but recently taken up 
submarine electrical work and told me yesterday 
that he was getting to feel quite at home in the 

We stopped a few moments to speak with Payson, 
who is engaged in a very extensive banking business, 
and then continued down the street, where Dr. 
George S. Machan's ofQce is located. I could not 
resist the temptation to call upon him. The good 
doctor had grown quite corpulent, and his fat 
cheeks bore a smile of pride as, turning to a young 
man diligently poring over a musty old text-book, 
he said : "This is Charles Parker, the class protege, 
who is studying medicine with me." The young 
man was very thankful for his education and extolled 
the generosity of the class of '93 to the very skies. 

After we had left the office and had regained the 
sidewalk, on glancing across the street I was greatly 
attracted by the appearance of a spectacled indi- 
vidual, ambling along at a rate of speed that would 
make one think that the evil one himself was close 
upon his heels. It proved to be none other than the 
illustrious astronomer, George Scott Chapin, making 
his usual double-quick time for nowhere in partic- 
ular. I stopped long enough with George to step 
into a neighboring refreshment saloon and drink a 
glass of ginger ale, but could not remain to hear 
his pet theory of the connection between sun spots 
and freckles. 

Early the next morning I bade farewell to Hutch, 
and continued my aerial quest after members of '93. 
I finally landed in New York, and had scarcely 
touched my feet upon terra firma when I was 
startled by hearing my name pronounced by a soft, 
mellow voice, and looked up, expecting to see some 
lady standing at my side, until I saw two blueish 
eyes peering at me through a mass of scraggly 
whiskers, and I knew that bearded ladies were not 
proud to show themselves on the street. A second 
glance and I recognized the familiar Goodell. He is 
a French professor now, and wears his beard a la 
Matzke, although I did not learn whether he had 
adopted the two " Zewo" system or not. 

His old room-mate, Bucknam, whom everybody 
expected would settle in a small city about nine 
miles from Brunswick, is novf the owner of a large 
Western stock farm, where he has miles and miles 
of free open air in which to disseminate the odor 
of those 1.5 cent cigars which he always persisted 
in smoking in college. 

I passed the great dry goods house of Baldwin 
& Co., and as the day was extremely warm I felt 



that my call would have been far more satisfactory 
if the great firm had mingled a few wet goods in 
with the dry. 

While in the office I picked up a morning paper 
and was filled with some surprise to read the an- 
nouncement: ''For Congress. B. P. Barker." The 
honored historian of the class of '93 first studied 
medicine, but his political aspirations and oratori- 
cal power, which had already began to show itself 
in the closing hours of his college life, proved un- 
surmoun table barriers to the successful practice of 
his profession, and he chose the uncertain life of a 
politician. It is needless to say that, as the district 
was overwhelmingly Democratic, Barker is now one 
of the oratorical lights of the house. 

John Pierce has reached the pinnacle of his 
ambition and has become one of the leading mem- 
bers of New York's judiciary. I visited the distin- 
guished Judge's elegant mansion where he intro- 
duced me to his charming wife, and proudly dis- 
played the accomplishments of his two jute-haired 

I had the good fortune to meet another very 
distinguished classmate who was visiting at Judge 
Pierce's home, in the person of Alley R. Jenks, 
President of the Bangor & Aroostook Railroad, 
which hauls butter, eggs, and potatoes from Houl- 
ton to Bangor. Alley did not have the appearance 
of being a year older than when the official organ 
of the place of his nativity printed the little para- 
graph : " Is it possible that our Alley will graduate 
in Juno?" Alley told me of Mc Arthur's career 
since he left the classic shades and benign influence 
of old Bowdoin. It was a pathetic tale and I ask 
your leniency, should there be a semi-quave or two 
in my voice, as I tell it to you. Mac became a 
crank, a fanatic on the subject of woman's rights. 
He was sincere in his belief and it was useless for 
his friends to attempt to dissuade him from his 
purpose. To better identify himself with his 
cause he had the moral courage but unsound sense 
of adopting the garb of the fair sex, a tendency, by 
the way, which was noticeable even in his college 
days, and now poor George, grown effeminate, 
gentle, and sweet, is wasting his latent manly 
energy upon a sex, which always has been, and 
always will be, able to take care of itself. 

I heard that my old friend and companion in 
Bugle misery, Weston P. Chamberlain, lived not 
many miles from New York, and the next morning 
I steered my course toward his dwelling place. He 
received me with outstretched arms, and it was with 
the utmost difficulty that I calmed my agitation 

while he fell on my neck and wept tears of pure joy, 
for I paid him fifty cents on an old Bugle debt, which 
he had long since given up collecting. He is the 
shepherd of a little flock of devout parishioner, to 
whom, each Sunday, he reads tediously long ab- 
stracts from biblical literature, a habit which he 
acquired in the days of his youth. 

Chamberlain told me that Dr. H. S. Emery had 
recently settled in the village and had succeeded in 
establishing himself into the good graces of its 
inhabitants. There are prospects that a Bowdoin 
undertaker may decide to make his future residence 
there and enjoy with Chamberlain the fruits of 
Emery's labor. 

I greatly desired to take a trip into the West 
and visit Charley Savage, who has earned a splen- 
did reputation as a lawyer, and is meeting with 
flattering political success. 

I was weary with my extensive traveling and 
decided to start immediately on my homeward trip. 
I was just entering my frail craft when I was 
attracted by a bill poster across the street, who was 
billing the town for the play which was to be pre- 
sented at the town hall that night. I wondered at 
the title of the piece, "The Crust of Humanity," 
but my wonder vras changed to amazement when I 
read that P. Shaw would appear as the crust. The 
various pi-ess notices I read of the brilliant young 
actor speak in the highest terms of the natural- 
ness with which he assumes his part. 

But I could remain no longer amid these strange 
scenes — I had seen or heard of every member of 
Bowdoin College, who, on that memorial Thursday 
in June, 1893, received the reward of his four years' 
course in the old church on the hill, and felt that 
my task was done. 

And now kind friends and classmates, who have 
so patiently listened to these prophetic words, one 
truthful sentence I wish to speak in closing, and 
say as Byron said : " The best of prophets of the 
future is the Past." 

Last on the programme came the eloquent 
Parting Address of Mr. Haggett. 

Parting Address. 

By a. S. Haggett. 
I rise to perform by far the saddest part of to- 
day's exercises. In a very short time we shall be 
enrolled among the alumni of Bowdoin College, and 
I assure you this thought comes to us with deep and 
solemn import. The past four years have doubtless 



been the happiest and best we shall ever spend. 
During that time, which has sped by so quickly 
with its varied scenes and pleasant experiences, 
our pathways have run along side by side, directed 
toward the same end and attended with the same 
vicissitudes. As the members of a great family, we 
have been constantly in each other's society, and 
united by the closest ties of friendship. In all that 
we have passed through as a class we have clung 
together as one man with mutual interest and 
mutual support. Nothing has occurred to mar the 
harmony that has ever existed between us in our 
relations one with another. 

This place, too, has become endeared to us by 
many precious memories — this campus and these 
buildings which are now so familiar to us. In the 
class-room we have come in contact with the pro- 
fessors, whom we have learned to love, and we feel 
that their kind and earnest words have exerted a 
wholesome influence upon our lives, and have been 
largely instrumental in making the rough road to 
knowledge seem bright and cheerful. 

Surely " our lines have fallen in pleasant places." 
Here in this cultured intellectual atmosphere, which 
has been breathed by so many illustrious sons of 
old Bowdoin, who have proudly carried her banner 
amid the turmoil of the busy world, — here amid 
these classic halls that seem to inspire us to our 
highest and noblest efforts, we have spent the 
formative period of our youth, and, we trust, laid 
the foundations of character which will enable us 
to be useful members of society, true to ourselves, 
and worthy of the institution whose name we bear. 
We deeply realize the importance that attaches to 
the plastic period of life when we are most suscep- 
table to influences, and habits of thought and action 
are formed which are to be the guiding principle 
for the future. We feel we made no mistake when 
we placed the shaping of our characters in the 
hands of an architect of such eminent repute as 
our Alma Mater. She herself possesses a character 
of which we may well be proud, and if we have 
imbibed the elements of that character, which we 
may reflect in after life, we have received the best 
possible preparation for whatever we may under- 

It is the distinctive mark of an institution of 
liberal education that it produces men well-rounded 
and fully developed in every capacity. The value 
of an education lies not so much in the facts labo- 
riously gleaned from day to day, as in the syste- 
matic and harmonious exercise of the mental facul- 
ties directed toward the realization of one's broadest 

and fullest attainments. Such a training is vast in 
its resources. It is the only adequate one for 
the intelligent solution of the inevitable problems 
of practical life. It affords the ability to take a 
broad and many-sided view of things, to transcend 
the particular in the light of the general, which is 
an almost indispensable accessory to wise and con- 
sistent action. As an able writer puts it : " Every 
man who has passed through a collegiate course is 
to be for life a different man in some very important 
particulars from what he would have been with only 
a common education. His mind will have received 
elevation and expansion ; his talents, of whatever 
class or grade, a discipline and strengthening which 
he would have experienced in no other way." 

We think it not egotistic on our part to say that 
this institution has imparted to us something of 
this expansive development. We feel that she has 
given us an admirable equipment for the vast un- 
tried future that lies before us. As we go out from 
this place to take upon ourselves the duties of active 
life, we realize that great responsibilities rest upon 
us — doubly great because we are college men. Now, 
more than ever before, this great nation, with its 
complex industrial organization, with its manifold 
social problems to be solved, with its rapid strides 
in material prosperity, is appealing to college men 
who are destined by virtue of their training to be- 
come loaders in society, controllers of opinion, and 
holders of public and private trusts. In view of 
the great danger that threatens our country in the 
mass of ignorant voters, the swelling tide of immi- 
gration, and the community life of poverty and vice 
in the great cities, American citizenship involves 
grave obligations and possibilities in the hands of 
liberally educated men. On every hand people seem 
to point to them as likely to exert a mighty influ- 
ence in the near future; as fitted to play an im- 
portant part in the promotion of the welfare of this 
nation ; as destined to be largely instrumental in 
shaping the coming history of these United States; 
as being the men upon whom will devolve the task 
of overthrowing the dictates of ignorance, and 
establishing the reign of intelligence, loyalty, and 

Under these circumstances we almost tremble 
to lay claim to a liberal education. But nevertheless 
this is what Bowdoin College professes to have 
given us, and we trust that profession is not vain. 
We can only try to prove ourselves worthy of this 
priceless gift. As we stand to-day on the threshold 
that is to divide us from each other and these dear 
associations, and are about to take our transition 



into a larger sphere of responsibility, we bid a fond 
and reluctant farewell to these happy scenes around 
which so many precious memories cluster. We 
leave behind a path that has been radiant with sun- 
shine and easy to tread. Before us lies an uncer- 
tain journey in which we know not what awaits us. 
If hereafter we achieve anything that may reflect 
credit upon ourselves and the institution whose fos- 
tering care has watched over our youth, we shall 
feel that her efforts have not been in vain, and the 
debt we owe her has been in a measure repaid. 

And now, beloved Ahna Mater, as we bid fare- 
well to thee, may the influence of these surround- 
ings and the memory of these years we have spent 
here go with us to inspire us. May the knowledge 
that we have drank from the same fountain of truth 
whence drank Longfellow and Hawthorne, and the 
long line of thy famous sons, ever cheer us on to 
our noblest endeavors, and by and by, when our 
life-work on earth is ended, may the record of each 
one of us be found worthy of ourselves and of thee. 
Farewell, dear old Bowdoin and '93. 

Smoking the Pipe of Peace. 

Immediately after the close of the literary 
exercises the class forrned a circle and, sitting 
on the grass, passed around the pipe for the 
traditional whiffs. Anxious mammas in the 
surrounding crowd may have had a faint 
suspicion that their sons showed undue 
familiarity with the implement and its uses, 
but, be that as it may, the circuit of the pipe 
was accomplished and the class joined in sing- 
ing the class ode, written by G. S. Chapiu. 

Class Ode. 

Air — "Fair Harvard." 
To the calm, happy life of our dear college home; 

To the many iirm friends, true and tried. 
We bid our farewell, in the wide world to roam. 

Through life's tumult, no more side by side. 
Though years may have passed, ere we meet here 

Ever bright will thy memory be ; 
We will love thee for aye, and thy glory maintain 

With devotion to thee, 'Ninety-three. 

Old Bowdoin, who long with thy fostering care 

Hast taught us in all to be true. 
On ourselves to rely and misfortunes to bear 

With the right kept forever in view. 

With loyalty strong, with love deep and warm. 
We will honor and cherish thy name ; 

By our actions and lives, in the world's endless 
We will strive e'er to add to thy fame. 

Cheeking the Halls. 

With the band at their iiead, the class 
marched to the various buildings and halls, 
giving three hearty cheers for each. After 
a rousing cheer for " Old Bowdoin " and the 
'93 class yell, the procession disbanded. 

Commencement Dance. 

Tuesday evening, 'Ninety-three held its 
last dance in the Town Hall, instead of on 
the green. Although the heat was rather 
too great for comfortable dancing, and an 
unusuallj' small number of people were 
present, the affair was enjoyable and a suc- 
cess. The Salem Cadet Band furnished the 
music, and Robinson, of Portland, the supper. 
The following was the order: 

1. Waltz. 

2. Lanciers. 

3. Waltz. 

4. Polka. 

5. Schottische. 

6. Galop. 

7. Waltz. 

8. Schottische. 


9. Waltz. 

10. Portland Fancy. 

n. Waltz. 

12. Schottische. 

13. Waltz. 

14. Plain Quadrille. 

15. Waltz. 

The patronesses were : Mrs. Hyde, Mrs. 
Young, Mrs. Houghton, Mrs. Mitchell, and 
Mrs. Johnson. Among those present from 
out of town were: Miss Sewall, of Bath; 
Misses Fabyan, Merry, and Merrill, of Port- 
land; Mrs. Jenks, Misses Hussey, and Page, 
of Houlton; Miss Chandler, of Boston; 
Miss Lillian Blackmore, of Augusta; L. J. 



Bodge, '89; C. S. Hutchinson, '90, of Port- 
land; W. R. Hunt, '90, Harvard Divinity 
School; H. L. Chapman, '91; C. S. Wright, 
'91, Harvard Law School ; F. J. Siuionton, 
Jr., '91, and H. DeF. Smith, '91, of Rockland; 
C. H. Hastings, '91 ; H. C. Emery, '92, Har- 
vard Post-Graduate School ; R. F. Bartlett, 
'92, F. J. C. Little, '89, Augusta. 

Medical School Graduation. 

The Commencement exercises of the class 
of '93, Maine Medical School, drew a large 
and interested audience to Memorial Hall, at 
9 A.M., Wednesday. The programme was as 

Prayer. Rev. E. C. Guikl, of Brunswick. 

Address. Prof. H. L. Chapman, of Bowdoin College. 

Oration — "The Physician and His Practice." 

E. C. Newconib. 


Presentation of Diplomas. 

President W. DeW. Hyde. 

By the courtesy of Professor Chapman 
we are enabled to present his address in full. 

By Prof. Henky Leland Chapman. 
Ill one of his characteristic chapters of the book 
whieh he called Past and Present, Mr. Carlyle re- 
marks that " there is a noble conservatism as well as 
an ignoble." The observation is a luminous one, 
and yet it plays so unpretentious a part in the rhe- 
torical coruscation of the chapter in which it occurs, 
that it seems worth while to take it out of its sur- 
roundings, and to let it shine before us for a few 
moments in its single brightness. There is the more 
excuse, perhaps, for doing this because there is, in 
these days, so mueh of intellectual activity and 
speculation, because invention is so busy and ma- 
terial progress so breathless, because there are so 
many influences that invite to reconstruction of theory 
iind innovation in practice, that we are apt to become 
foolishly impatient of the idea, and even of the 
name of conservatism. To some it seems to carry 

with it an imputation of narrowness, or sluggish- 
ness, or obstinacy, or, at the very least, of a lack of 
sympathy with the generous aspirations of the age. 
There are not a few impulsive spirits who give the 
impression that they would as soon be exhibited to 
their fellow-beings in the reminiscent posture and 
aroma of an Egyptian mummy, as to walk about 
among them with a simulated air of animation, which 
is, in their judgment, about all tliat conservatism 
can lay claim to. But this is clearly an extreme view 
of the matter. It may, indeed, be defended on the 
ground of personal taste, for personal tastes are 
adraiUed to be beyond the sphere of argument. So 
far, however, as it rests upon an intellectual misap- 
prehension, it is capable of being corrected. 

It is taking one step toward such a correction to 
point out that the essential character of conservatism 
has been in a measure, obscured by the things which 
have been selected to stand in antithesis to it. Anti- 
thetic exposition, whether it be truthful or mislead- 
ing, has, at all events, the merit of being vivid. We 
get, or we think we get, a better observation of thino-s 
in opposition than in conjunction. When the unc- 
tuous Mr. Chadband set himself, in the spirit of love, 
to expound the inmost nature of Truth, he proceeded, 
with instinctive and practiced art, to inquire if it 
was decex)tion, or suppression, or reservation, and the 
sensation caused among his hearers by the mention 
of these hideous contrasts, showed that the method 
was, for his immediate purpose, an etiective one, 
even if it did not carry the orator or his listeners 
very far into the mysteries of his theme. Now what 
Mr. Chadband did with deliberate art, other men are 
doing every day with more or less of unconscious- 
ness. It is iu this way that conservatism has lost 
some measure of popular favor, through the terms 
that have been employed in opposition or contrast 
to it. 

It is used very often, for example, as the anti- 
thesis of liberality ; and because men instinctively 
attach a generous and attractive meaning to liber- 
ality, they are apt to conceive a correspondingly 
low opinion of conservatism. To be liberal is, 
without doubt, to be candid, considerate, magnani- 
mous, and intellectually hospitable, and all men 
would fain possess these qualities. If, therefore, to 
be conservative is to lack these shining traits of 
character, as seems to be implied by the opposition 
of the terms, we cannot wonder that men resent the 
imputation of conservatism, and even liold it in 

But it is worth considering if it is not a mistake 
to set these two things in opposition to one another. 
To do so may gratify the combative instinct in our 



nature, which is a sort of war-horse smelling the 
battle afar off and saying "Ha, ha!" among the 
trumpets, but it is doubtless a truer, even if a tamer, 
view of the matter to regard them as complementary 
and allied tendencies. Mr. Emerson is probably 
right when he says that " it may safely be alHrmed 
of these two metaphysical antagonists, that each is a 
good half, but an impossible whole." If this be so 
we shall do better to think of them as two wings of 
an extended army, bent to achieve a common aim, 
rather than as hostile forces scowling and charging 
upon each other. And if they be the two wings of 
an army they must be actuated by one impulse ; they 
must partake in one general movement ; they must 
owe a common allegiance ; they must be arrayed 
under a single flag, even though, at certain crises 
in the conflict, they face different quarters of the 
horizon, and are disposed and ordered to withstand 
diilerent methods of attack. 

But one thing that stands in the way of this har- 
monizing conception of the two principles, is the 
fact that the names by which they are designated 
have been adopted as the names, also, of hostile 
parties in politics and religion. 

In England, the two parlies which are so bitterly 
antagonistic to each other in aims and methods, that 
they make our stirring political campaigns seem, by 
comparison, like the decorous debates of a peace 
convention, — these two parties are called the Conscrv- 
ative and the Liberal. In our own country, at least 
two great religious denominations are distracted and 
torn by warring factions which are known as the 
Liberals and Conservatives. Accustomed as we are, 
therefore, to the suggestion of hostility in the use of 
these words, it is difficult for us to dissociate the idea 
of hostility from the things themselves. It is only 
by a distinct and conscious effort of the mind that we 
can attain to that truer and broader view which 
looks upon each as a good half, but an impossible 
whole. It certainly will not help us to the attain- 
ment of that broader view to advertise ourselves 
ostentatiously as conservatives or liberals, and then 
to proceed, in the spirit and in the heat of partisan- 
ship, to belabor those whom we conceive to be of 
the adverse party. It will be wiser to display 
Falstaif's better part of valor, and to exhibit our dis- 
cretion in trying to discover what it is that makes 
conservatism and liberality each a good half, that 
so, by joining them together, we may construct a 
possible and potent whole. 

Let us notice then, in the first place, that conserva- 
tism applies itself to the maintenance of established 
principles, — principles, that is, that have at some 

time received the suffrages of men, and been adopted 
in their convictions. It is not concerned, and cannot 
be, with theories that are still in controversy, unless 
the proi)osed theory challenges an accepted princi- 
ple. Upon the utterance of that challenge conserva- 
tism springs to the defense of the old principle, or 
creed, or law. It defies the challenging innovation, 
and refuses to surrender the strong-hold entrenched 
in the wisdom and faith and practice of successive 
generations. It says: "This which I defend is a 
pillar of society, or religion, or government, and 
must not be thrown down. It has grown out of the 
experience of the past, and upon it depend the 
interests of the present and the future. To be feeble 
or timorous in its defense is, for me, to be false to 
conviction and to duty." 

Now we must not allow our minds to be confused 
in the present inquiry by any speculation as to where 
truth is likely to be found in this controversy, 
whether with the innovator or with the conservative. 
However our sympathies are enlisted, with the one 
or witli the other, we are well assured that, in the 
end. Truth will prevail without regard to our pre- 
possessions. As Milton nobly says, "Though all 
the winds of doctrine were let loose to play upon the 
earth, so Truth be in the field we do injuriously . . . 
to misdoubt her strength. Let her and Falsehood 
grapple; who ever knew Truth put to the worse in 
a free and open encounter. Her confuting is the best 
and surest suppressing. . . For who knows not that 
Truth is strong, next to the Almighty." 

The important point in our present inquiry, there- 
fore, is not to determine, nor even to discuss, whether 
the conservative or the innovator has the surer in- 
sight and apprehension of truth. Sometimes, doubt- 
less, it will be the one, and sometimes the other, for 
the question is a new one every time it rises, and 
must be newly decided in each particular case. The 
essential fact to observe, in estimating the value of 
conservatism, is that it honors and defends what 
Burke calls "the early-received and long-continued 
sense of mankind." It ascribes a weight amounting 
to authority to opinions which have become imbedded 
in the convictions and institutions of society. It i"ec- 
ognizes and proclaims the fact that wisdom is not 
a discovery, like the power of steam, or the law of 
gravitation, but partly a divine gift, and partly a 
growth, like love, or justice, or benevolence; that 
it is distinct from knowledge, and may exist in a 
quite developed state where there is comparatively 
little formal knowledge, so that we may receive it 
as a gift far inferior to our own in scientific attain- 
ment. It welcomes knowledge, indeed, but not as a 



pretender to the throne of wisdom. It would say, 
with Tennyson : 

" Wlio loves not knowledge ? Who shall rail 
Against her beauty? May she mix 
With men and prosper ! Who shall fix 
Her pillars? Let her work prevail. 

" But on her forehead sits a fire : 

She sets her forward countenance 
And leaps into the future chance, 
Submitting all things to desire. 

" Half-grown as yet, a child, and vain- 
She cannot fight the fear of death. 
What is she, cut from love and faith. 
But some wild Pallas from the brain 

"Of Demons? fiery-hot to burst 

All barriers in her onward race 
For power. Let her know her place; 
She is the second, not the first. 

" A higher hand must make her mild. 
If all be not in vain; and guide 
Her footsteps, moving side by side 
With wisdom, like the younger child." 

In this attitude and doctrine of conservatism it 
will be noticed, I think, that there is nothing incon- 
sistent with liberality of spirit or of conduct. It 
assumes that in the garnered and winnowed experi- 
ence of men there must be much that is of permanent 
value ; that so far as the thought and wisdom of the 
ages have cryslallized into definite forms of belief, 
or have expressed themselves in the foundation prin- 
ciples of institutions and forms of government, these 
principles ai'e wortlu' to be conserved. But the 
intelligent maintenance of essential doctrine, and the 
conservation of principle, do not forbid but necessi- 
tate I'requent readjustment, in form and application, 
to the changing conditions of society and life. To 
refuse to make or to accept such readjustments is 
what Carlyle calls an ignoble conservatism, and what 
may with even greater exactness be called bigotry. 
It is not conservatism, but it is the excess or abuse 
of the conservative tendency. To cling, blindly and 
doggedly, to the accidents of a principle when they 
are altogether out of harmony witli the conditions to 
whicli alone the principle can be applied, is destruc- 
tive of the principle itself, and not conservative. 
It makes that injurious or inoperative which was 
intended to be beneficent, and therefore defeats the 
very end aimed at. 

True conservatism is like a mighty tree that sends 
its roots ever wider and deeper through the earth, to 
draw strength and nourishment from the mould of 
an unmeasured past, and at the same time feels in 

every sensitive twig the fresh breath of each return- 
ing spring, and answers to it as promptly as the little 
daisy at its foot, with tender buds that presently 
unfold themselves to the sunlight, and clothe its 
spreading branches with a new beauty that is born 
equally of the past and the present. Or, it is like a 
ship that fastens itself by its anchor to the solid earth 
beneath the waves, and is kept thereby from drifting 
upon the rocks, while yet it swings and tosses in 
security upon the heaving surface of the sea, yielding 
to every throb and movement of its restless bosom, 
sliding gracefully and safely into the trough that 
threatens to engulf it, and leaning fearlessly and 
even fondly to the billows that roll in upon it to lift 
it to their gleaming crests. 

And so I proceed to say, in the next place, that 
not only does conservatism apply itself to the main- 
tenance of established principles, but it recognizes 
and cherishes the fact that, in the changing and 
unquiet conditions of life, there are some things that 
are fixed and unchangeable. While it assents, with- 
out complaint or regret, to the removal of (hose 
things that are shaken, as of things that are made, it 
steadies itself in the conviction that those things 
which cannot be shaken will remain. There is no 
doubt that many people are misled by the startling 
discoveries of science and the reversal of ancient 
beliefs, and the bold assertions of speculation, into 
thinking that nothing remains certain and immova- 
ble ; that not only may a pleiad be lost from the 
heavens, but even the pole star may wander from 
his place. In this distraction of spirit they fail to 
find content and happiness in their daily round of 
duty, or a secure footing for their faith in respect to 
abstract truth. They feel the doubt and unrest and 
dissatisfaction of Faust, who had explored philos- 
opliy, and law, and medicine, and divinity, studying 
with ardent and laborious zeal, to find himself at last 
a very fool, cursed with useless learning, and no 
wiser than at first ; for ten years leading his pupils' 
creed, and, by dexterous words, easily moulding 
their opinions as he chose, to feel himself, at last, 
that nothing could be known. 

The illusions of the mental sight are as common 
as those of the physical sight, and far more unfortu- 
nate. When we are tossed up and down in doubt 
and bewilderment, we are apt to think that the great 
orbs of law, and duty, and providence, are dancing 
wildly in the firmament. It is in this unhappy frame 
that a noble conservatism corrects our vision, and 
helps us to understand that it is we, and not the 
foundations of the universe, that are perturbed ; so 
that we are able to receive and appreciate the truth 



which our own Longfellow has set forth, in a figure 
that glows with philosophy as well as fancy. 

" Like unto ships far off at sea, 
Outward or homeward bound, are we. 
Before, behind, and all around. 
Floats and swings tlie horizon's bound. 
Seems at its distant rim to rise 
And climb tlie crystal wall of tlie skies. 
And then again to turn and sinls, 
As if we could slide from its outer brink. 
Ah ! it is not tlie sea. 
It is not the sea that sinks and shelves. 
But ourselves 
That rock and rise 
With endless and uneasy motion. 
Now touching the very skies, 
Now sinking into the deptlis of the ocean. 
Ah ! if our souls but poise and swing 
Like the compass in its brazen ring. 
Ever level and ever true ' 

To the toil and the task we have to do, 
We shall sail securely, and .safely reach 
The Fortunate Isles, on whose shining beach 
The siglits we see, and the sounds we hear. 
Will be those of joy and not of fear." 

To what has been already said I wish to add one 
thing further, uamely, that conservatism is the con- 
dition of all true progress. It holds the secure 
middle ground between bigotry on the one hand, and 
radicalism on the other. Nothing in the way of sub- 
stantial progress is to be expected from either of the 
two extremes; the one narrour, timid, and intolerant 
of change ; the other bold, erratic, and intolerant of 
fixedness. But conservatism, because it returns 
always to first principles, and seeks to maintain their 
vitality and value by adjusting them to the new 
instances and aspects of life, is the soul of progress. 

In religion, progress can be secured only by a 
continual return to the first princijDles of Christianity. 
Social progress depends upon a constant recurrence 
to the first principles of kindness and courtesy and 
honor. Progress in education demands that the first 
principles of discipline and self-development be 
kept constantly in view. Progress in the state is 
accomplished by perfecting its institutions according 
to the spirit of their founders. 

Conservatism, therefore, climbs toward the sum- 
mit of an ideal perfection as by a spiral stair, so that 
while the direction and the effort change continually, 
the principles of progress is maintained about the 
same center, and towards the same end. Radi- 
calism, aiming at the same ideal, makes a sheer 
upward leap from the ground, and comes in disas- 
trous collision with the law of gravitation. Bigotry 
seems to fancy that it is already on the summit, and 
stays where it is in hopeless self-delusion. 

Bacon, whose usual prudence does not fail him 
when he writes " of Innovations" in his Essays, says 
that ' ' a frovvard retention of custom is as turbulent a 
thing as an innovation ; and they that reverence too 

much old times are but a scorn to the new 

It is well to beware that it be the reformation that 
draweth on the change, and not the desire of change 
that pretendeth the reibrmation ; and that the novelty, 
though it be not rejected, yet be held for a suspect ; 
and, as the Scripture saith, ' That we make a stand 
upon the ancieni way, and then look about us, and 
discover what is the straight and right way, and so to 
walk in it.'" 

I commend this subject to you, gentlemen of the 
graduating class, as one that has definite and impor- 
tant I'elations to the professional life upon which you 
are about to enter. So beneficent and sacred is the 
profession to which you have dedicated yourselves 
that one feels at liberty only to recognize its noble- 
ness, not to commend it. As far back as we can 
look into the mists of antiquity we see the gratitude 
and reverence, sometimes mingled with awe, which 
have been laid ungrudgingly at the feet of those who 
have ministered to the ills of life. The revered 
priest, the mysterious medicine-man, the skillful 
leech, the wise physician,. — by whatever names the 
members of the healing Jjrotherhood have been 
known, they have been alike enthroned in the respect 
and affection of mankind. Into this rich inheritance 
of universal reverence and regard you enter to-day, 
with the congratulations and good wishes of your 
friends, of your teachers, and of this venerable insti- 
tution. It is in your power, by a faithful use of 
opportunity and by conscientious discharge of duty, 
to increase the inheritance which has fallen to you 
from unknown and unnumbered predecessors. 
But in order to do this, apart from coveting earnestly 
the priceless gifts of manhood, you must cultivate 
both the principles of thought and action of which 
we have been thinking, each of which is a good and 
necessary half. It would seem at first thought, per- 
haps, as if there were little encouragement to con- 
servatism in medical practice. So many and so 
radical have been the changes both in theory and in 
practice ; so dissimilar and opposed are the phases 
through which it has passed within its written 
history ; so brilliant are the results that have been 
wrought by reformed methods within the memory of 
all of us ; that it would seem as if the attitude of 
the physician must always be that of welcoming the 
neiv, and not of clinging to the old. But there is 
another asjjoct of the case, as important, if not as 
striking as this. The profession of medicine has 
made its shining progress, and won its multiplying 



triumphs, because it is conservative. It does not 
drift will) tlie tide, nor does it oouiinit itself to the 
fickle fancies of the winds, but binds itself, as by a 

cable, to the 

" northern star, 
Of whose true-iixed and resting quality 
There is no fellow in the firmament." 

Its modifications of theory, its changes and even 
reversals of practice, are not only consistent with 
the fundamental principles of the profession, but are 
inseparable from them, — the principles, that is, which 
it is the part of a noble conservatism stoutly to 
maintain. And, that I may not seem to be speaking 
in a vague and thoughtless way, I will refer to two 
or three of them. 

First among them in point of essential dignity 
and permanence is this, — that the profession is 
bound to employ every possible agency for the alle- 
viation of human suffering, and for the saving of 
human life. To lose sight of this obligation, or to 
ignore it, is to fail of apprehending the genius and 
glory of the profession ; to deny it, in subservience 
to some dogma of practice, or in deference to popular 
prejudice, is to be either bigoted or cowardly. To 
discern the fundamental character of this principle, 
and with fearless and open mind to honor and defend 
it, is genuine and worthy conservatism. It is recog- 
nizing, truly and steadily, the end for which the 
profession exists, and insisting that that end shall be 
kept always in view, and shall not be sacrificed to 
fancy, or fashion, or custom, or the fear of novelty. 

In the sister profession of the ministy it is bigotry 
to insist upon human definitions and scholastic expo- 
sitions of doctrines, when thereby the vital aspects 
of truth are obscured, and the spiritual interests of 
men are imperilled ; but it is the noble conservatism 
of which Carlyle speaks, to cling tenaciously to the 
essential doctrines of the divine justice and love, 
of sin and redemption, of faith and righteousness 
and immortality, which are revealed to us both in 
the Scriptures and in our enlightened consciousness. 

It is conservatism, that is, to maintain unflinch- 
ingly that for which the ministry is ordained, and it 
is bigotry to insist upon the partial, and accidental, 
and temporary statements and definitions of it. 
So in the profession of medicine, it is conservatism 
to hold fearlessly to the doctrine, the original and 
permanent doctrine of the profession, that the life is 
not only more than meat, but that it is more than the 
•maLma riiediai, more than the canons of practice, 
more than the valued results of past study and ex- 
periment; and it is bigotry to exalt these to the 
place of supreme and controlling importance. 

It is conservatism, therefore, that makes liberality 

and reform not only possible, but inevitable. Inno- 
vation follows conservatism as if it were its shadow ; 
or, to repeat the words of Emerson, " each is a good 
half but an impossible whole." The wonderful and 
beneficent progress of the healing art, with its new 
methods and its deepening hold upon the respect of 
society, has been made because its wisest practi- 
tioners have been, consciously or instinctively, con- 
servative of the fundamental principle that they are 
ordained to relieve suffering and to save life ; and 
because they have been true to their ordination re- 
gardless of suspicion or reproach, giving themselves 
to the practice of their art with equal caution and 
boldness, with equal deference to the wisdom of the 
past and hospitality to the indications of the present. 

I cannot, in charity to you, or in consideration of 
the minutes already exhausted, do more than men- 
tion two other principles of which the practitioner of 
medicine must be rigidly conservative. The first is 
that the profession rests upon a scientific basis. It 
has no place for the charms, and nmmmeries, and 
philtres of superstition ; it rejects, in all its canons 
and practices, the guesses, and pretentions and pan- 
aceas of quackery ; it refuses credence or fellowship 
to the speculative and dogmatic theories that would 
lift assumption to the plane of law. And because it 
does this, it welcomes, with eager and liberal candor, 
the results of patient observation and induction, and 
is alert to transmute the discoveries of science into 
the gifts of healing. 

And the remaining principle is that the profes- 
sion has no secrets. It holds its ancient treasures 
and its newest acquisitions, alike, as a trust for suf- 
fering humanity. Whatever it discovers it publishes, 
and scorns the paltry profit that might be won from 
exclusive use. Other callings and professions may 
commit the error, of which Bacon speaks, of mistak- 
ing the end of knowledge, " as if there were sought 
in knowledge a couch, whereupon to rest a searching 
and restless spirit; or a terrace, for a wandering 
and variable mind to walk up and down with a fair 
prospect; or a tower of state, for a proud mind to 
raise itself upon; or a fort or commanding ground 
for strife or contention ; or a shop for profit 
and sale ; "' but it is a shining distinction of the pro- 
fession to which you will belong, that it gains and 
holds its knowledge "as a rich store-house for the 
glory of the Creator and the relief of man's estate." 

To be inflexibly loyal to these first principles of 
your profession is to have that noble conservatism of 
which Carlyle writes ; a conservatism that will make 
your professional life honored and useful, and will 
win for you the gratitude and love of your patients, 
and the respect and pride of your Alma Mater. 


Mr. E. C. Newcoinb, of the graduating 
class, then delivered the following oration : 

By E. C. Newcomb. 

I am little versed in metapliysical speculations, 
or in public speaking, and after listening to the 
brilliant and eloquent address so pregnant with 
wisdom to which we have been treated, I more 
fully and painfully feel, than ever before, my lack of 
training in the art of oratory. Our work during the 
past three yeai's has not been such as would tend to 
develop a latent talent for public speaking — even if 
possessed — and when little is given little can be 

The physician when he enters upon his profes- 
sional career, has many things to take into consider- 
ation, which will have great bearing on his future 
usefulness and prosperity. In selecting a location 
he must inform himself as to the habits and customs 
of the people with whom he will have to associate, 
and compare his ideas and habits of life with theirs. 
After selecting his location he must next turn his 
attention to the location of his oflice. It should be 
on a prominent street, easy of access, and comfortable 
in all its appointments. A display of instruments 
or sijeoimens is not called for, and may injure rather 
than aid him, by keeping those of a nervous temper- 
ament away, and causing the loss of patients that 
would be desirable and profitable. He should be 
courteous to all classes of patients, but he need not 
be on familiar terms with the coarse and ignorant, 
for by so doing be will surely lose the patronage of 
the higher class of patients, which every physician 
is anxious to secure. 

He should avoid companionship with quacks and 
irregulars, as it will detract, both from him and 
rational medicine, which he represents, and give 
continuance to delusions and pretenders. He should 
shun this and every other alliance, which would con- 
found them with him before the world. If asked to 
consult with them, he should refuse politely and 
firmly, and if, by any chance he should meet one 
who had been called to one of his patients without 
his knowledge, then he should either drop the case 
or demand and secure the dismissal of said irregular. 

If called to a case of emergency in which life is 
involved, and finds on his arrival that an irregular 
or quack is in attendance, and is pursuing the 
proper course and treatment, he should sanction it 
but have no formal consultation. 

The selection of friends and associates may mean 
success or it may mean failure. The physician 

should be especially careful in the selection of his 
friends and associates. Unfortunate acquaintances 
have been the downfall of many a promising young 
physician, therefore, he should select his associates 
with great care, and should not let his oflice be the 
lounging-place, or smoking-room, for those who 
have nothing to do but to pass away the time in any 
way, so long as it is not in honest labor, or trying 
to do something to benefit mankind. 

The physician is a public character, and should 
be an earnest, sober, studious man, with refined 
tastes and temperate habits ; a man socially, men- 
tally, and morally worthy of tlie esteem of the whole 
public, from highest to lowest. 

The physician who adopts a high standard in all 
his relations, has the power of casting an influence 
over those around him that no other position can 
gain. A kind word, a word of advice or encourage- 
ment given in the proper time, may change the 
whole after life of some poor wayfarer, and give to 
the world a useful man instead of a discouraged, 
downfallen wreck. 

In fact every habit, speech, action, and circum- 
stance will have its influence either for good or for 
evil. He should array himself on the side of moral- 
ity, virtue, and honesty, and never make his religion 
or irreligion a stepping-stone to practice. The pliy- 
sician who joins a church, or religious society simply 
for the practice it will bring him, when his honest 
convictions are exactly opposite, will so manage his 
patients as to keep them under his care as long as it 
is possible, and charge them exorbitant fees for 
services that they would have been better without. 

He should banish everything that comes between 
him and legitimate work, and gain practice, by 
showing all parties that he is a physician of merit, — 
one who uses his best efforts for the jioor as well as 
the rich, the low as well as the high. 

This will do more to establish a good practice 
and secure true friends, and in the end pay better 
than attending solely to some particular sect or re- 
ligious creed, or resorting to low scheming. 

While it is perfectly fair and proper to seek rep- 
utation by all legitimate means, and to embrace 
every fair opportunity to make known his attain- 
ments, he should avoid all intriguing and sensa- 
tional scheming to obtain practice. Trying to putt' 
himself, his cases, his operations, or his skill by 
driving at break-neck speed through the streets, 
as though he had no time to drive at an ordinary 
rate, or telling some local gossip of marvelous 
cures, or skillful operations which he has performed 
will not aid, but rather hinder the establishing of a 
good solid practice. 



In medicine, reputation comes easily and goes 
easily. Accident or trickery may bring one into 
notice, but they cannot sustain him, and he is finally 
estimated at his true worth. There are two kinds 
of reputation which a physician may acquire : A 
popular one with his patients, and a higher profes- 
sional one with his brethren. These are based on 
entirely different grounds. A few with lofty am- 
bition struggle earnestly for the latter, while the 
mass are striving for the former chiefly because, 
being altogether practical, it requires less skill, 
talent, and study to acquire, and also because it is 
more profitable. 

Many such avoid all great, scientific labors and 
controversies, and, having little or no public life, 
remain shut up within themselves moving about 
quietly and almost unobserved, except by those whom 
they attend, consequently a knowledge of their skill 
is confined to the narrow circle of their private prac- 
tice, and the degree of their skill and experience 
always remains somewhat unknown and mysterious. 
Without one or the other variety of reputation no 
physician can reap the honors or rewards which are 
the objects of his ambitions, whether that be the ac- 
quisition of money, the desire for usefulness, or the 
love of fame. He should strive to acquire both 

The physician is made in college but he is tried 
in the world. His personality and deportment in 
the presence of his patients, will have more to do 
with his success than any or all of the complicated 
definitions or descriptions which he has had to learn, 
in order to successfully pass his examinations. 

If his manners and conversation are such as to 
win and conciliate, rather than repel children, it will 
put many a dollar into his pocket that might have 
gone to some irregular, who deisends on his skill 
in attracting people toward him, ratlier than his skill 
in the use of medicine. The chief event of the sick 
person's day is the physician's visit, and he should 
let no ordinary engagement interfere with his punctu- 
ality in making it. He must study to acquire an 
agreeable manner when in the presence of his 
patients. He should try and make himself popular 
with his patients; not by the funny and in some 
cases shady stories that certain physicians resort to, 
but by his gentlemanly conduct and strict attention 
to the wants and needs of his patients. 

Disease, pain, and death are parts of the plan of 
creation. Disease is ever afflicting those around us, 
while death is in our midst. Fear of the former and 
dread of the latter are parts of human nature. And 
these (fear and dread) cause mankind to employ 
physicians. The reliance of humanity on the physi- 

cian, skilled to heal wounds, and to cure disease, 
brings him in contact with all classes and under all 
conditiotis. He is intrusted with secrets that would 
be confided to no other person, and is an honorary 
member and guardian of every family that he is 
called on to attend. He will wield a strong influence 
over husbands, wives, children, and servants, and must 
lay down laws governing matters of life and death 
that in many cases will be obeyed implicitly, and 
his knowledge, skill, and attention will be many 
and many a one's last earthly hope. 

Thus we see that no other men under heaven can 
do as much good as the honest, upright, conscien- 
tious physician. 

Citizens of Brunswick and visiting friends, we 
appreciate your attendance at the graduating exer- 
cises of our class, showing by your presence that 
you have an interest in our welfare and success. 

To the citizens I extend the heart-felt thanks of 
the class of '93, for the many acts of kindness which 
you have shown us during the three years we have 
been among you. And we can assure those who are 
to follow us that they will receive nothing but 
encouragement and kindness at your hands. 

To the president and members of the faculty, we 
realize to a certain extent the great responsibility 
which rests with you in keeping this school up to the 
high standard which it now bears, and in the future, 
when asked from what school we graduated, we can 
answer proudly, "From the Medical School of 
Maine." A school equalled by few and surpassed 
by none. For your thorough instruction and for 
your kindness to us as students, I extend the grati- 
tude of my class. 

Classmates, we to-day, by these exercises, com- 
plete the epoch in our medical career, which marks 
the beginning of our professional life and the 
assumption of resi^onsibilities, the gravity of which 
we at the present time can know nothing. 

To my mind these cares and responsibilities are 
best met by him who, with brain unclouded by 
excesses, with a keen sense for morality and love for 
his work, has given himself to earnest preparation 
for the exacting duties of our grand and noble pro- 
fession. And yet the present is but the dawn of our 
student life. By careful and persistent study of the 
vast and varied field of medical literature, profiting 
by the knowledge and experience of others, and 
especially by the thorough instruction which we 
have received from our most excellent instructors, 
and with strict regard for our duties as physicians, 
may we hope to attain success. 

We have assembled together for the last time as 
students of the "Medical School of Maine," and as 



we go to our different fields of practice, may that 
feeling of good will go with each and every one 
that has ever existed during our student life. 

Before presenting the diplomas, President 
Hyde announced that the four leading men 
of the class were Thomas H. Ayer, A.M., 
Eben J. Marston, Ambrose H. Weeks, and 
Gilman Davis. 

The members of the class number twenty- 
three, as follows: 

Herbert liosea Allen, Thomas Herbert Ayer, A. 
M., Felix Barrett, Thurlow Weed Briraijion, Seth 
Davis Chellis, Gilman Davis, William Chase Farley, 
Henry Elmer Fernald, Pearl Tenney Haskell, Daniel 
Stevens Latham, Loring Sawyer Lombard, Ralph 
Hemingway Marsh, B. S., Eben .Jordan Marston, 
Louis Arthur Merritt, Edgar Colson Newcomb, 
Charles Cushman Pierce, Leland Howard Poor, 
Frank Leslie Redman, Moses Victor Safford, B.L., 
Robert Milford Small, Charles Leslie Sweetsir, 
George Averill Tolman, A.B., Ambrose Herbert 

The class officers are: 

President, Ambrose Herbert Weeks ; Vice-Presi- 
dent, George Averill Tolman ; Seci'etary, Daniel 
Stevens Latham ; Treasurer, Eben Jordan Marston ; 
Orator, Edgar Colson Newcomb ; Marshal, Pearl 
Tenney Haskell ; Executive Committee, Thomas 
Herbert Ayer, Louis Arthur Merritt, Seth Davis 
Chellis, Charles Leslie Sweetsir, William Chase 

Phi Beta Kappa. 

Phi Beta Kappa held its annual meeting, 
as usual, Wednesday, in Adams Hall. The 
officers elected are the same as last year: 
President, Hon. Henry Ingalls, '41; "Vice- 
President, Professor Henry L. Chapman, '66; 
Secretary and Treasurer, Professor Franklin 
C. Robinson, '73 ; Literary Committee, Pro- 
fessor G. T. Little, '77, Mr. Galen C. Moses, 
'56, Rev. E. C. Cummings, '53, Mr. Henry 
S. Webster, '67, Hon. Herbert M. Heath, '72. 

The following members from '93 were 
admitted : 

G. S. Chapin, F. R. Arnold, W. P. Chamberlain, 
M. S. Clifford, A. S. Haggett, C. H. Howard, A. S. 

Hutchinson, G. S. Maehan, J. S. May, J. H. Pierce, 
C. H. Savage. 

Maine Historical Society. 

The Maine Historical Society held its 
annual meeting Wednesday afternoon. Thir- 
teen new members were admitted. The 
most notable event of the meeting was the 
offer of the old Longfellow house in Portland 
to be used by the society as a society home, 
the gift to take effect at the death of the 
present owner. 

The offer is peculiarly appropriate and 
gratifying on account of the historic memo- 
ries connected with the house. It was the 
first brick house to be built in Portland. 
More than that, it was occupied by Long- 
fellow during all his youth, although not the 
scene of his birth. Its situation is valuable, 
being in the heart of the city, immediately 
adjoining the Preble House. 

Fraternity Reunions. 
The annual reunions and banquets of 
the various fraternities, which took place 
Wednesday evening, after the concert, were 
well attended and greatly enjoyed by those 
participating. Theta Delta Chi had the 
pleasure of listening to an eloquent oration 
by Llewellyn Barton, '84. Hon. H!erbert 
M. Heath delivered an oration before the 
Zeta Psi Fraternity, and E. C. Plummer, of 
Bath, read a poem. 

Commencement Concert. 
The Lotus Glee Club, of Boston, assisted 
by Miss Gertrude Edmands and the Salem 
Cadet Orchestra, gave a delightful concert, 
Wednesday, before a large and brilliant 
audience who were hearty and generous in 
their applause. The solos were pleasingly 
rendered, and the singing of the Glee Club 
was remarkably good. 

Trustees and Overseers. 
Business meetings of the Boards of Trus- 
tees and Overseers were held Wednesday 



and Thursday. Much routine business was 
transacted and not a little of special impor- 
tance came before these bodies. The meet- 
ings were well attended by the members, 
and much satisfaction was expressed by all 
at the annual report of President Hyde and 
the general condition of the affairs of the 

It was voted that the Finance Committee 
consist of Hon. J. W. Bradbury, Hon. W. L. 
Putnam, Galen C. Moses, and John L. Crosby. 

The degree of A.B., out of course, was 
conferred upon Joel Bean, Jr., and Frank 
Durgin, both of '92. 

Voted that the tuition of six students, 
instead of four, as heretofore, be remitted 
for service in the college library. 

The degree, out of course, was conferred 
upon Charles Henry Wardwell, '85, and 
Franklin Eugene Permani, '83. 

Thornton Academy, Saco, was constituted 
a fitting school for the college upon the usual 

Professor William McDonald, of Wor- 
cester Polytechnic Institute, was elected 
professor of History and Political Economy, 
and Albert W. Tolman, now instructor in 
Rhetoric and Elocution, was elected assistant 
professor in those branches. 

It was voted that the President, Gen. 
J. L. Chamberlain, Hon. W. L. Putnam, 
Hon. J. W. Symonds, Rev. J. B. Sewall, 
W. E. Spear, Gen. J. M. Brown, Prof. H. L. 
Chapman, and Dr. Alfred Mitchell be ap- 
pointed a committee to provide for the 
college centenary with full powers. 

The order of exercises for the centennial 
is: Wednesday forenoon. Commencement 
exercises of the academical and medical 
departments; afternoon, local college cele- 
bration ; evening, reception by the presi- 
dent and general illumination of the college 
buildings and grounds; Thursday, oration, 
poem, banquet, and speeches, the banquet 
and speeches to be held in a tent. 

The honorary degree of Master of Arts 
was conferred on W. W. Pendergast, of St. 
Anthony Park, Minn. 

The degree of Master of Arts pro merito 
was conferred on Ralph Hudson Hunt, '91, 
Harry F. Linscott and A. M. Merriman, '92. 

The degree of Doctor of Divinity was 
conferred on Rev. George A. Gordon, of 

Rev. E. C. Smyth was invited to deliver 
an address on the religious history of the 
college, on the Sunday before the ensuing 

The degree of Bachelor of Arts was 
conferred on thirty-one members of the Class 
of '93. 

Hon. Enoch Foster, '64, of Bethel; Hon. 
F. A. Wilson, '54, of Bangor; and George 
C. Purington, '78, of Farmington, were 
elected to fill vacancies on the Board of 

Commencement Exercises. 

Thursdaj' morning, at 10.30, the usual 
procession, headed by the band and graduat- 
ing class, formed in front of the chapel under 
the direction of the marshal, Mr. Geo. C. 
Purington, '78, and marched to the church, 
where the programme was as follows: 


The Practical Value of Astronomy ; with Latin 

George Scott Chapin, Auburndale, Mass. 
Heredity as a Social Factor. 

Clarence Webster Peabody, Portland. 
Bimetallism, Its Advantages and Defects. 

*Albert Savage Hutchinson, Auburn. 
Public and Parochial Schools. 

Charles Henry Howard, South Paris. 


The Function of Geniuses in the Progress of Civili- 
zation. Arthur Sewall Haggett, Newcastle. 
The Housing of the City Poor. 

Weston Percival Chamberlain, Bristol. 
The New and the Old in Education. 

Frank Russell Arnold, Braintree, Mass. 



Mirabeau and France. 

Augustus Alphonso Hussey, Houlton. 
The Russian Extradition Treaty. 

*John Shepard May, Boston, Mass. 
Individualism in the Social and Political Spheres. 

John Higgins Pierce, Portland. 





* Excused. 

The Goodwin Prize for the best written 
and spol^en oration was awarded to A. A. 
Hussey, whose oration follows : 

By a. A. Hussey. 

The history of the French Revolution of 1789 
records events whose influence has been immeas- 
urable in promoting the moral, intellectual, and 
political enlightenment which this age enjoys. It 
came at a period in the history of France when a 
reformation was impossible, at a period when a 
radical revolution, alone, could redeem her institu- 
tions from the depth of corruption and impotency to 
which the tyranny of a long line of Bourbon kings had 
reduced them. Feudalism, long since, had breathed 
its last. The body lay entombed beneath the rubbish 
of a thousand battle-fields, but its influence still 
lingered. The mind of France was wrapt in the 
deadening folds of the superstition and ignorance 
which it had fostered. Chilled by its icy touch, the 
spirit of progress lay torpid. The tribune and press, 
bound hand and foot, groveled before the throne of 
despotism. And liberty of conscience and independ- 
ence of thought and action were only cherished 
dreams in the minds that were soon to give to them 
the form and substance of reality. 

A century and a half had passed since England, 
safe from interference in her watery fastness, had 
flung down the gauntlet to the Past and entered the 
lists against the "Divine Right" of kings. Scarcely 
thirteen years before, the American colonies had 
asserted the principal that Nature and Nature's God 
enjoin upon no jjeople to acknowledge man as master. 

These movements were fraught with the deepest 
consequence to France. The stirring spectacle of a 
nation struggling for liberty touched in the hearts of 
the French people a chord long unused. The spirit 
of resistance, which had been dormant during years 

of oppression, now awoke. And how terrible the 
awakening ! On the most blood-stained pages of 
history there is no parallel to the tragedy enacted in 
Paris during the last decade of the eighteenth century. 
As an exhibition of barbarity, of crime, of all the evil 
passions of a nation morally and politically diseased, 
the Reign of Terror stands without a peer. It was 
the crisis of a disease with which France had long 
been sufl'ering, and, violent, as it was, was but a 
faint expression of the abuse that had engendered it. 

The misrule of centuries had reduced the French 
people to the most abject misery. Taxed to their 
last farthing, to defray the expenses of wars, waged 
to gratify the ambition of an unscrupulous king, 
corrupted by the influence of the most .shamelessly 
dissolute court of all Europe, trodden down by an 
insolent, oppressive nobility, their rights invaded, 
their hearths desecrated, they inevitably must turn 
at last against their oppressors. The sufifering 
which they endured could not help producing those 
reactions, those passions, those crimes, that shook the 
very foundations of society and arrested, for the 
moment, the tide of human progress. 

The Revolution was violent, indeed, and bloody — 
fearful, the storm of passion that swept over France, 
leaving in ruins behind it the structures that cent- 
uries had built, overthrowing in its mad course 
every vestige of monarchy and established order, 
and doing violence to the most sacred sentiments and 
associations of the human heart; but by its very 
awfulness it has taught mankind a lesson that will 
never be forgotten. The violence and bloodshed 
amid which it was consummated have tended only to 
impress the more deeply upon the minds of men 
the principles which it embodied. 

The France of to-day little resembles the France 
of a century ago. Monarchy, with its arrogant 
assumption of power from God, lies buried beneath 
the ruins of its own short-sighted policies. The 
unjust and obnoxious privileges of the nobility have 
been wrested from them. The tribune and the press are 
free. And thought, unfettered by the influence of the 
Roman Catholic Church, plumes itself to high and 
noble flights. 

That France has escaped moral, intellectual, and 
political decay and death, that she has not been over- 
taken by the dark fate of unfortunate Spain, is the 
direct result of the Revolution. 

And yet, though France owes to this movement 
so much, the remains of the man whose intellect fost- 
ered it in the days of its weakness, whose hand 
guided its tender infancy along its rough, uncertain 
path, whose genius gave it the impetus that was to 
bear it on unchecked to its goal, lie unhonored and 



uncared for, among the bleaching bones of common 

iMisunderstood, hated, calumniated by his con- 
ten)porai-ies, IMirabeau has received far more unjust 
treatment at the hands of posterity . The censoriousness 
of ignorant, incompetent critics has robbed one of 
the greatest statesmen of France of the esteem and 
admiration of his countrymen, and magnified his 
defects of character until he seems to be the embodi- 
ment of corruption, anarchy, and sedition parading 
in the garb of patriotism. 

IMirabeau's character, vast, irregular, incompre- 
hensible, a strange admixture of the noblest virtues 
and the basest vices, is unique in history. The soul 
of Ihe Revolution, he embodied all the passion, all 
the vvildness, all the extravagance of that extrava- 
gant, wild, and passionate time. All the qualities 
of a Revolutionary leader were his in a rare degree. 
A stormy, turbulent spirit, a strong unbending will, 
tenacity of purpose that overleapt every obstacle, an 
intellect, clear and profound, eloquence, that in its 
impassioned flight and fiery burst, resembles the 
oratory that once quelled the mutinous spirit, or 
roused the dying patriotism of Rome, combine to 
make his the most potent character of that period. 

From the 4th of May, 1789, when he first took his 
place in the Assembly at Versailles, an unknown 
man, until the ith of April, 1791, when his dead 
body was borne through the streets of Paris amid the 
tears of a whole nation, he was the central figure of 
the Revolution. His presence filled the whole As- 
sembly. His was the will of the whole people. 
With every movement he was identified. He ap- 
proached every question of reform, of war, of finance, 
and before the magic of his transcending genius van- 
ished obstacles insurmountable to a lesser mind. 

With the clear eye of a politician, he foresaw the 
anarchy toward which France was drifting, and he 
exerted the whole energy of his indomitable will to 
save her from her impending fate. But the task was 
beyond the power of human hands. 

Repi'oach and ignominy are the reward of his 
labor. The Mausoleum of the French kings, where 
they had laid his body, had scarcely become accus- 
tomed to the presence of this strange intruder, when 
envy and malice raised their cowardly heads to 
malign the memory of the dead statesman. And 
Paris, ever prompt to believe evil of the absent, at 
the first suspicion of disloyalty, deserted Mirabeau. 
The very men, who, one short week before, had fol- 
lowed his bier with tears in their eyes, now went by 
night and tore his body from its resting place and 
cast it out to rot among the bodies of beheaded 

Not content with heaping insults upon his dead 
body, the calumniators of Mirabeau dragged all his 
petty vices and defects of character into the glaring 
light of criticism. To the ill-concealed delight of 
envious mediocrity, they discovered that the leader 
of the Revolution was immoral. And the France of 
Louis XVI., the France of the Reign of Terror, the 
France of Napoleon, has dared to reproach him with 
being immoral. 

Virtuous France, ofl'ended at the immorality of 
the man whose genius had smoothed the way for re- 
form, whose presence in the Assembly had given 
that body the power and the courage to redress the 
crying wrongs of the nation, affixed to his name all 
the vile adjectives of a language rich in vituperative 
epithets, and consigned it with its load of obloquy to 
the roll of anarchy and traitors. 

But though France has never appreciated Mira- 
beau, tliough censoriousness and envy have dragged 
his name in the dust, he will live in history as the 
greatest statesman of the Revolution. When the 
bitter invectives that envy prompted shall be foi'- 
gotten, and men shall see clearly what he did for 
France and for the world, he will take, among the 
men for whose lives the world is richer, the place 
that he deserves. 

Commencement Dinner. 

At the conclusion of the exercises in the 
church the procession re-formed and pro- 
ceeded to the gymnasium, where Robinson, 
of Portland, had a profusion of good things 
in readiness. The viands occupied the 
attention of every one for an liour or more, 
wlien President Hyde called upon Professor 
Chapman to lead the assemblage in singing 
the grand old college hymn, all remaining 
standing during the singing. President 
Hyde then spoke substantially as follovi's: 

Gentlemen of the Alumni, — The long-desired 
prosperity has at last come to Bowdoin College. 
While there are still weak points in our equipment, 
and while we are far from adequately endowed as 
the report of the Finance Committee, drawn by the 
venerable chairman, Hon. James Ware Bradbur}', 
conclusively shows, still there are indications on 
every side that the period of hai'dship and pinching 
poverty is at an end. We shall have to do no more 
begging. We still have urgent and pressing needs, 
but there is every reason to believe that these needs 
will be pi-omptly met. Our hope is founded on the 



numerous loyal sons and generous friends, all over 
the land, who are so largely represented here to-day. 

We have all the students that we can conveni- 
ently take care of. We have no ambition to be large 
in numbers. This year we have admitted over fifty 
on the final examination, and twenty on the prelim- 
inary examination. On the preliminary and final 
together we have rejected fifteen applicants. We 
are slowly changing the character of our entrance 
examinations, maliing them slightly more difficult, 
and aiming to test power rather than particular 
accomplishments. To raise the quality rather than 
the quantity of scholarship is novr our aim. 

The college is under great obligation to tlie able 
and busy men who give so generously of their time 
and strength to the conduct of its afi'airs. I cannot 
express the deep sense of gratitude I feel every year 
to these gentlemen who postpone their courts, neg- 
lect their business, and give their days and nights to 
deliberation concerning the welfare of this college. 
As a result, there is no institution whose afi'airs are 
more wisely and conservatively managed. Not a 
dollar of invested funds has been lost within the 
past twenty years. No appeals from faculty or 
president can induce the boards to depart a hair's 
breadth from their rigid rule never to appropriate 
more than the estimated income for the year. Every 
year I asli for a great many things that I cannot have. 
Yet I am glad that I do not get them, if running in 
debt is the only way in which they can be had. 

We have had a year of quiet and substantial 
worli. We have seen the beautiful Art Build- 
ing gradually rise before our eyes, its beauty 
heightened by the addition of the granite terrace on 
three sides. Later we have seen the foundation of 
the Searles Science Building begun. When com- 
pleted, as they will be before another Commencement, 
these buildings will have no superior in their 
respective lines in the United States. 

Plans have been made and a committee appointed 
to provide for a proper observance of the centenary 
of the college in June, 1894. Every ettbrt will be 
made to render this one of the grandest celebrations 
that has ever been witnessed in the State. The 
acceptance by Chief-Justice Fuller of our invitation 
to deliver the oration is in itself sufficient to insure 
a memorable occasion. And the committee, of which 
General Chamberlain is chairman, will spare no 
pains to bring the other exercises up to the high 
level which the occasion demands. 

The President: 

"When two institutions are so closely 

related as are the college and the State, the connection 

should never be forgotten, and accordingly I will 
call upon Judge Savage of Auburn, who, though a 
graduate of Dartmouth, shows his interest in Bow- 
doin College by sending his son here to be educated, 
to respond for the State." 

Judge Savage said: 

It is usually customary when called upon to 
speak on a particular topic to talk on everything 
else except that topic. I am asked to speak for the 
State and shall probably prove no exception to the 
rule. In speaking here before the alumni of Bow- 
doin College, I am somewhat embarrassed by the 
fact that this institution is not my Alma Mater, but 
I am, at least, an adopted son of Bowdoin. And 
I am proud of the fact, that among all the colleges 
of our land there is none supoi-ior to Bowdoin. She 
is a college which has demonstrated her right to be 
by the character of the alumni she has sent out. 
The glittering names which adorn her catalogue, 
are surpassed by no names in the records of any 
other institution in our country. They have graced 
the highest courts in the land ; as lawyers, as teach- 
ers, as physicians, as business men, the sons of Bow- 
doin illustrate the old motto of Maine, "I lead." 
The relation of this college to the State is not a 
legal one, nor has there been a financial connection 
between the two, since the college has never received 
any aid of this sort from the State, but, neverthe- 
less, there is a relation existing between them of 
the closest character. It is the duty of the State to 
foster those doing the work for young men that is 
done by Bowdoin. And, on the other hand, I hope 
that more and more those sent out by this insti- 
tution will remain in their native State. Maine 
has done more than her part in supplying the strong 
men for other parts of the country. Her sons should 
stay at home. They should make Maine what she 
might become, the leader of the States. You are the 
sons of Bowdoin. I think I never saw so good look- 
ing a body of sons. Mr. President, you said your 
institution was small. And so it is. But in all the 
galaxy there is no star whose light comes more 
sweetly, or purely, or brightly than that which 
comes from Bowdoin College. 

President Hyde tlieii introduced Hon. 
William L. Putnam to speak for the Board 
of Trustees. We regret that we are unable 
to give his full speech which was replete 
with bright remarks as well as earnest feeling. 
As I considered what I should say this afternoon it 
seemed to me that the Commencement programme 



was a good place to look for a topic. There I looked, 
and tlie first subject was concerning the practical use 
of astronomy. This, however, helped me but little, 
as the acquaintance I made with the heavens in my 
college days was so slight that the only practical use 
I made of the stars was to guide me from a ramble 
in Topsham to No. 1 Appleton Hall. 

The next subject concerned heredity, but after 
Mr. Peabody's masterly oration I hesitate to speak 
upon this. Just now it would appear that the most 
noticeable thing we have inherited is a very large 
aijpetite. It is to be observed that this is a very 
conservative dinner, and one that will not be likely 
to leave as a result a pain in the front of our backs. 
Bimetallism might be discussed, for here every gold 
dollar is worth a silver dollar, and every silver 
dollar is worth a gold dollar. 

The fourth subject on the programme concerned 
the public and parochial school, and presents a very 
broad topic, and one of importance to every person 
in the land. Bowdoin, as it were, is the parochial 
school of the leading religious sect of the State. 
To bring up and develoij our public schools we need 
the rivalry of parochial and denominational schools. 
By a clause in tlie constitution Bowdoin cannot receive 
aid from the State, and thus its independence is 
assured. In the early history of Maine's statehood 
the question of aid was agitated, and aid would have 
been given if the college would give up its inde- 
Ijendence and come under the political influence of 
the State. But the bribe was spurned, and to-day 
Bowdoin is free and independent and does its duty 
by every man. 

But I was introduced as the one who should 
respond for the trustees of Bowdoin. My remarks 
are like the letter of the college boy. He wrote a 
long letter to his father, and covered many pages 
without saying much, and then in the postscript put 
the jjith of the whole thing thus: "Please send me 
a little money." 

In behalf of the trustees I can say that they try 
to do their duty to the college. They rejoice in the 
report given by the President, and they hope that the 
college will ever have for its motto that noble word 
of its immortal poet, "Excelsior." 

Hon. Charles F. Libby, of Portland, was 
then called upon to represent the Board of 
Overseers. Mr. Libby said: 

I must confess to some enbarrassment at being 
detained from the train in order to speak for .the 
overseers at this dinner. None should represent 
Bowdoin unprepared, or without chosen words. In 
the presence of this assembly of the intelligence and 

vigor of Maine I am unprepared to represent the 
dignity and learning of the board of overseers. 
But I will follow my text and speak as an overseer. 
The overseers are, as President Hyde says, a body 
appointed to disagree, but I find they are quite 
disposed to agree. With the trustees we have had 
few deferences, with the academical faculty, none. 
The report of the President shows the present con- 
dition of the college. This year there have been no 
great gifts as there were last, but there have been 
great results from those gifts, as the condition of the 
campus shows, and the pride of Bowdoin is being 
gratified. I have tried to sit on the platform and 
look dignified, fellow-alumni, but I cannot. As I 
look over these young men, I share your pride in the 
quality of our graduates, a quality well known in 
my profession. The grade of the character and 
intellect of Bowdoin's sons is acknowledged to be 
high. These young men will take the places of 
those who have won fame for Bowdoin. Let them 
compete with those who have won success in the 
past. As men the alumni feel an affection and pride 
for Bowdoin. There is for me a satisfaction each 
year to come back and renew my youth by contact 
with young men filled with enthusiasm and strength 
for the fight of life. As we .gather round the board 
let us renew our allegiance to Bowdoin and hope to 
emulate the lives and deeds of those who have gone 

President Hyde : 

Judge Putnam's remark about the postscript of 
the son's letter to his father, reminds me of the fact 
that there is a building away there on the campus 
which is the pith of the whole college, — that is the 
treasurer's office. Gentlemen, I am glad to present to 
you to-day the treasurer of the college, Mr. Stephen 
J. Young, and I am sure you will all be glad to 
listen to him. 

Mr. Young : 

Brethren of the Alumni, — When the President 
spoke to me about addressing this assemblage I 
tried to convince him that the audience would not 
be particularly desirous of heariug me, for I never 
yet met with any one who wanted to hear from a 

" I pass like night from land to land, 
I have strange power of speech. 
The moment that his face I see, 
I know the man that must hear me. 
To him my tale I teach." 

1 can assure you that this is not the average con- 
dition of a treasurer of any institution, but it resem- 



bles more that of the man in the Testament who 
canied the bag and was supposed to be inclined to 
keep a large proportion of its contents. (In taking 
out my wallet, I do not mean to indicate that you 
must take out yours, but it happens that I have my 
notes therein.) I Iiave a balance sheet to present 
you to-day, the first balance sheet, not to show what 
I have done in my office but merely to illustrate the 
material prosperity of the college. When I assumed 
charge in 187-1, the total assets of the college, includ- 
ing invested funds, grounds, buildings, etc., was 
$277,365; the present year its assets are $778,360, 
this sum not including the buildings which are now 
being erected through the muniflcenc-e of friends, at a 
cost of about $300,000. So that the wealth of Ihe 
college is a little in advance of a million dollars. 
The productive funds are $401,645, in addition, we 
have for special purposes, prizes, etc., about $63,000, 
and a scholarship fund of about$08,000. Nevertheless 
this is a very small sum in comparison with what we 
need. Colleges spend money as rapidly as they can 
obtain it, and their wants are ever increasing. In 
1874 our income was $30,000, next year it will be 

But this advance in material prosperity is by no 
means the full measure of accomplishment. We have 
a faculty as good as that of any in the United States, 
and I have an opportunity for making unprejudiced 
observations, not now being a member of that bodj'. 
I have the greatest faith in the small college, it has 
its functions as well as the larger institution ; col- 
leges of moderate size, where students meet in close 
connection with the professors ; where individual 
predilections are observed and noted, these h.ave 
important functions and I should be very sorry to 
see the small college disappear. 

I am sure that the fathers whose sons go forth 
from this institution cannot say, like the Israelites of 
old, " We have put so much money in the fire and 
behold, here comes this calf." 

I have been in a position to hear the most flat- 
tering commendation of Bowdoin College, its mission 
and worth. I do not ask j'ou to give your money 
merely, not every one has money to give, but every 
one has influence, and you can through your influ- 
ence for the college (and more is often accomplished 
by those who have brains than money). 

In response to the President's request 
Father Seleinger, of the Brunswick Catliolic 
Church, siDoke pleasinglj'- of the college; its 
influence, its liberality, and its broadness, 
especially under the present administration. 

"I can vouch," he said, "for tiie interest of 
those students of my faith, in their chosen 
Alma Mater." 

President Hyde : 

You are nearly all alumni here. I will call upon 
Mr. James McKean, of New York, to speak for the 

James IMcKean said that he rose for the purpose of 
saying that he could make no speech. He would, 
however, give himself the opportunity to supplement 
the splendid address made yesterday on "Conserva- 
tism." lie heard a lady who was opposed to the 
spread of liberalism say, "Modern liberality has 
deprived sin of all its pleasure." And now he would 
take the liberty to ask President Hyde to permit 
Mr. William P. Drew, '53, to respond in his place for 
the Alumni of Bowdoin College. 

Mr. Drew responded in a witty, yet ear- 
nest speech, eliciting frequent hearty ap- 
plause. He called attention to the good 
work tlie college is doing, and praised the 
present efficient management. 

Et. Rev. J. S. Spaulding, Bishop of Col- 
orado, another member of the class of '53, 
was the next speaker. He said: 

I wish the duty that falls on me to-day might be 
discharged by my illustrious classmate, Chief Jus- 
tice Fuller, whom I expected to be here. I am in- 
deed glad to be here to-day and meet nine of the 
fifteen surviving members of the class of '53, at this, 
our fortieth anniversary, and also to meet the large 
body of alumni present. It is very pleasant to be 
here again after over twenty years of absence from 
these scenes. I came because it was my duty, and a 
duty I could not but discharge. As I come to this 
campus, and see these beautiful new buildings, and 
the many changes, my mind wanders back over all 
these years, and I see once more the venerable men 
who guided us in our course. " There were giants 
in those days." Tlie President was Leonard Woods, 
Jr., one of the greatest college presidents this land 
ever had. We cannot express how much we feel in- 
debted to him for what we have become in life. 
Tender memories we have also, of the other mem- 
bers of the iaculty. Bowdoin College has been 
spoken of as a Christian college and I wish to em- 
phasize that feature of it as I knew it. Though not 
obtrusive, its Christian influence has been mighty in 
our lives. One time, in our Freshman year, a reci- 
tation room was somehow filled during the night 



with new mown hay, as a result of which no recita- 
tion was held the next morning. For some reason 
they thought I was concerned in it, and I was asked 
to call on Professor Upham. Never will I forget the 
kind Christian talk that noble man gave me. That 
same year my chum, Adams here, now the venerable 
Dr. Adams, was the college bell-ringer, and per- 
formed one of the most risky and hazardous feats I 
ever knew. Sophomores pulled down the bell-rope 
one night, but in some way, having been once a 
sailor, he olimed to the top of that lofty tower, and 
to Ihe unconcealed chagrin of the rope thieves, the 
peal of the bell called them to morning chapel as 
usual. He was the only man I knew who steadily 
refused to take part in class cuts, and yet had the 
highest respect of all. 

The power of the Christian influence around us 
was great, and helped us. Now the boys of those 
old days are scattered far and wide, thousands of 
miles apart, many have gone from us forever ; but 
we, the living, wherever we are, endeavor to main- 
lain and carry forward the principles and precepts 
of our college. In tlie great and growing state of 
Colorado, we meet with difficulties you do not have 
here. I hope Bowdoin will always reject the tend- 
ency towards co-education ; not because men should 
have a higher education, but because the sexes are 
so totally different, because women can never be 
made men, and their education should be carried on 

Dear Alma Mater, fair and free, 

Honoring ourselves, we honor tliee, 

As royal sons thy glory share, 

Tliy royal robes are ours to wear. 

Let thy pure light our lives inspire 

Our hearts enkindle with thy fire, 

From all our wanderings let thy reign 

Our scattered ranks draw back again. 

And let thy benediction fall 

On this, thy own sweet Festival! 

As veteran Knights, in days of yore. 
Through the long years thy banners bore, 
May their successors onward bare 
The trust committed to their care. 
May patriot valor from the field 
With equal honor hold thy shield, 
And on thy front in beauty twine 
Athena's crown, Peucinia's pine! 

Hon. Charles U. Bell spoke for the Class 
of '63 as follows: 

Mr. President and Fellow Alumni, — I feel un- 
worthy to speak for a class that graduated thirty 
years ago, but I will tell you a story that may throw 
some light on my position. A woman came into the 

office of a friend of mine some time ago, and wished 
him to manage a suit for a divorce from her husband. 
The ground which she assigned for the action, was, 
that he was absolutely uninteresting. The connec- 
tion of this will be seen later. In these days we are 
turning history into myths, and correcting errors. I 
wish to attack one here. I think I can upset the cal- 
endar. It cannot be thirty years since I graduated. 
The fact that I am in the third generation of men re- 
ceiving degrees from the college, shows that I must be 
toward the last of the list. When the march by 
order of classes was taken up, too, I found that '63 
came in towards the rear of the line. When I look 
upon the faces of my seven surviving classmates 
they are young and vigorous. There must be some 
mistake in the figures. It cannot be thirty years since, 
I will say one thing more. Of late years I am im- 
pressed with the duty of citizens to sustain and in- 
crease the strength of American sentiment and devo- 
tion to ojir historical institutions. At our meeting 
here let us unite in common feelings of patriotism, 
that great influence in keeping this country happy, 
free, and united. 

The President next introduced the rep- 
resentative of the class of '68, Rev. G. M. 
Bodge, who spoke as follows : 

Mr. President, — I am very proud to represent the 
class of '68. There is one thing I can say about 
my class, that they are in a vigorous state of health, 
wonderfully so ; the philosopher Billings has re- 
marked that the best thing possible to be said about 
some people is that they are healthy, but I can assure 
you that this is not all that can be said about the 
class of '68. There are not many of us here. I 
presume many of you have heard the story of the 
old Methodist minister who had preached in many 
circuits, and had many wives who had died in one 
place or another, on being asked if the last wife 
was to be buried with the others, remarked that the 
" heft of his wives was buried over in Shirley," the 
" Heft of '68 " is not here. I have but a word to say, 
only to mention the glory of the past. As we look 
back upon those days the men of old seem to us of 
larger mould. Some one has said that the men of 
former days become as myths to us, but I am sure 
that Professor Smyth is not a myth, and he has left an 
enduring monument behind him. 

However long a line of illustrious men have been 
graduated, whatever the glory of the past, we can 
be always sure that Bowdoin is ever growing, not in 
wealth alone, that would be a poor story, but the 
men who are instructors here to-day are worthy suc- 
cessors of those of former days. One of the strong- 



est reasons we have for confidence in Bowdoin's 
future is that we have such a man at its head, one 
who possesses that rarest of gifts, — common sense. 
He stands more and more in the fore-front of thought 
throughout our land, in deep abstruse reasoning, 
in popular, readable, understandable, subjects that 
touch us all heart to heart. I am confident that we 
have no better indication of Bowdoin's continued 
prosperity than his guidance. 

Dr. Robinson, '73, was the next called 
upon. He said: 

I should feel deeply embarrassed at tlius being 
called on to addressed you, if it were not in the line 
of my profession to take life easily. My classmates 
have done well in life. Indeed, several of them are 
now judges on the bench "dispensing with justice." 
They are all modest men, but I — came from Bangor. 
Ur. Robinson spoke earnestly of the loyalty due the 
old college, and of the true spirit of interest and 
constant effort for her which should animate every 

Mr. Geoi'ge C. Purington, principal of 
the Farmington Normal School, and a newly 
elected member of the Board of Overseers, 
spoke for the class of '78. He said: 

Modesty is the characteristic of the class of 78. 
In fact there used to be but one man in it who would 
make good recitations, the rest were all so retiring 
and modest. It is hardly lime yet for my class to 
indulge in reminiscences, but I have one little story 
to show the present college boys how much we did 
to make the ranking system more lenient. One fel- 
low, X, never had time to write out his Greek prose, 
spending most of his time at the station. He would 
copy from Z's paper, or even read from it in recita- 
tion. One time the worthy professor noticed this, 
and asked him about it. "Oh, we were pressed for 
time," said X, " and worked out our sentences to- 
gether." "In that case," remarked the professor, 
"I will divide the rank between you, and give you 
each half rank." 

The membei'S of 78 are still young men, and now, 
at the fifteenth anniversary of our graduation, we are 
still facing the East, but our shadows are extending 
less far toward the West. We want to express con- 
stantly our appreciation of our debt to Bowdoin. We 
can never repay her for what she has done for us, but 
we hope we shall never be found lacking in devotion 
and loyalty to our Ahna Mater. 

Mr. John E. Dinsmore spoke briefly for 
'83. He said: 

I had the pleasure last year of being across 
the water, and there I realized more than ever 
my love and appreciation for the United States, for 
Maine in the United States, for Bowdoin College in 
Maine. In Athens I received the annual catalogue 
through the kindness of Professor Little, and felt 
great interest in the progress of the college, in build- 
ings and men. In the changes in the Faculty since 
our day, '83 has now a representative in Professor 

W. W. Woodman, '88, was the last speaker 
and responded for his class in a few well- 
chosen words. 

Class Reunions. 

Class or '43. 

The class of '43 celebrated its fiftieth anniver- 
sary on Thursday, June 22d, by a diuner at the 
Falmouth Hotel iu Portland, and eight members of 
this famous class were present. The dinner was 
served in the small dining-room of the hotel, which 
was very prettily decorated for the occasion. The 
floral ornaments of the tables wore handsome and 
iu excellent taste. The menu was carefully selected 
and fully appreciated. The evening was pleasantly 
passed in reminiscences of an informal character. 

The following members of the class were pres- 
ent: Dr. A. H. Bnrbauk, Monmouth; Hon. W. 
Dummer Northend, Salem; C. M. Cumston, Yar- 
mouth; William A. Goodwin, Portland; J. M. 
Hagar, Richmond; Hon. W. R. Porter, Boston; 
G. F. Sargent, Boston; Dr. L. W. Johnson, Bristol. 

Out of forty-eight members of the class at grad- 
uation, twenty-three now remain alive. 

Class or '53. 
The class of '53, always so remarkable for class 
spirit and loyalty, held its reunion at the Tontine 
in Brunswick, Wednesday of Commencement week 
at 9 o'clock. Judge Henry C. Goodenow of Bangor, 
the class secretary, had succeeded in getting infor- 
mation of the proposed reunion to fourteen of the 
fifteen surviving members of the class, and nine of 
this number were present, some in spite of many 
difficulties. Bishop Spauldiug had come across the 
continent from Denver, and Dr. Foss had not been 
in Brunswick for forty years, ever since his gradua- 



tion. Chief Justice Fuller was prevented at the 
last momeut from being present. 

The following members were on hand : Bishop 
John Franklin Spaulding, D.D., Denver; Judge 
Henry Clay Goodenow, Bangor ; Rev. Jonathan 
Edwards Adams, D.D., Bangor; William Palcy 
Drew, Philadelphia; Rev. Ephraim C. Cummings, 
Portland; John Leland Crosby, Bangor ; Thaddeus 
R. Simonton, Camden; David Marks Place, Chel- 
sea; Stephen Foss, M.D., Brooklyn. 

The evening was passed pleasantly in recalling 
college days and incidents. The pretty programme 
contained two odes, several appropriate quotations 
in Latin and English, a list of the class, living and 
deceased, with residences, and the following poem 
by Mr. Crosby of Bangor : 

If I were a poet (as Epliraim said) 

I would sing you a song (which no poet refuses), 

But alas! there is no such a thing in my head, 

Nor am I related at all to the Muses. 

Yet brothers, no one of you, more than myself. 

Delights at this banquet Apician to meet you; 

And long may it be ere I'm laid on the shelf. 

And lose opportunity gladly to greet you. 

'T is bard to believe when X see these young fellows. 

That forty full j-ears have gone by since we parted. 

And if we accept what the almanacs tell us 

We must have been awfully young when we started. 

Why look in the glass (or perhaps in the glasses!) 

See Adams, God bless him, the bright-eyed D.D.; 

It only befalls to the luckiest classes 

To show their religion iu such men as he. 

Here is Eph., well we know him, his cherry complexion 

Lights up this whole room full of jolly old boys. 

In his den up in Park Street in tracing connection 

'Twixt "Religion and Nature " his hours lie employs. 

And bore right beside him another, no older. 

With his bright flashing humor and welcome so true. 

An athlete who knows to strike straight from the slioulder. 

The eloquent, hearty, delightful young Drew. 

Not far down the seat which we formerly sat in 

Was one who now writes on his .sign D.D.S., 

Employing bis leisure reviewing bis Latin, 

An angel of mercy to dental distress. 

With awe I approach him now clad in the ermine. 

But still he must stand it, along with the rest; 

Escaped from the problems which jurists determine 

He's young as the youngest and good as the best! 

And seeing he's " Chief " we will give him two verses, 

Not by bira is John Chinaman forced from our shores. 

Nor will we condemn him with Puritan curses 

That for one Sunday only be opened the doors. 

If one of our number old age can be nearing. 

He must be the earliest " Judge " in the clan. 

Mature at his birth, with a title endearing. 

We always revere him, " the little old man." 

Now next comes Wood Langdon, none like on this planet, 

(An artist in whitewash in days long gone by!) 

A friend as enduring as mountains of granite — 

The mountains which pierce with their summits the sky. 

Wo is me for McArthur! he " wanted " to greet us, 

"A fellow of infinite jest" — also thrifty; 

At forty, he writes us, he really can't meet us. 

But promises, Sartin, to come when we're fifty! 

And here is the gallant, perennial David, 

Who never was known to surrender or run, 

We will love him while loving the country he saved, 

And be sure to keep out of the range of his gun. 

As for Thad., the discourser ou " wine and its evils," 

Who will shortly be "out" (can't the Chief keep 

him "in ?"), 
Just capturing bravely those free-trading devils. 
He returns with his booty of contraband tin. 
Dear John, he's so fine in liis surplice and band. 
How dare I approach this Eight Reverend Bishop, 
As he scatters the bread of life wide o'er the land. 
Does he mind the baked beans he and Downes used to 

dish up ? 
Ah! here's Billy Todd, our beloved physician. 
He is all but a Yankee— just over the bay. 
Should the viands to-night put us out of condition 
His prescription should right us — and nothing to pay! 
Nor win we forget in this happy reunion 
The boys who are absent, hut only in flesh; 
Their spirits with ours shall this night hold communion, 
And hearts in response shall these moments refresh. 
There is Jim, down in Texas, the loyal old boy, 
Whose heart is enlarged with a grandfather's joy, 
And William, the parson; his words, said or sung. 
Recall the "good Scotchman" "who must be caught 

And Kidder, the prelate, "established " in faith, 
Nathaniel, the guileless, whose love is no wraith, 
And last, yet the first, I will name in a word, 
Our Tucker, his holy craft that of our Lord ! 
Perhaps it's not fair, in this rattling verse. 
That one, even one of our crowd should be spared, 
His history, eventless, if asked to rehearse. 
He responds (as to " Ferox " of old) " unprepared." 
Yet never more grateful and happy man felt. 
Although of some .sorrows he truly might tell. 
Sincerely he signs himself (not with the belt) 
Your classmate and true hearted comrade, "John L." 
And now, brothers dear, as we draw to a close. 
Let us tenderly think of the boys that are gone. 
As our memory calls them, what one of us knows. 
But they hover round us, yes every one ? 
How we mourned these dear comrades who loved us so 

From the boys who were blighted in youth's early flower. 
To the men who toiled longer, in battle who fell, 
To those who, appointed to sorrow's dark hour, 
Uncomplaining, and faithful, and loving, and true, 
Surrendered their trust to the Father above; 
Yes. they all are beside us, our numbers not few. 
And we grasped hand in band iu our limitless love ! 

Class of '6'S. 

Altbough it is thirty years since this class gradu- 
ated, eight members came together at the Tontine, 



Wednesday evening, for the reunion. Their names 
will be found in the list of alumni present at Com- 
mencement. Mr. Isaiah Trufant gave a history of 
the class, and the members present indulged in 
many pleasant recollections of thirty years ago. 
The length of time since graduating from college is, 
as Mr. Bell said, one of those things which does not 
measure the same both ways, looking forward it 
is thirty years, looking backward, only yesterday. 

Class of '67. 

Wednesday afternoon '67 held its reunion in the 
Gymnasium. Although it is an off year for this 
class, its twenty-sixth anniversary, seven members 
were present and all had a delightful time. The 
following was the list of those present : George T. 
Sewall, Stanley A. Plummer, Winfield Scott Hutch- 
inson, Judge Henry S. Webster, J. W. MacDonald, 
George P. Davenport, Isaac S. Curtis, M.D. 

Through the kindness of W. S. Hutchinson, Esq., 
the class secretary, we are able to give the poem, 
which was written by Judge Webster. 

The Thoughts of Youth. 
(Class Reunion — 1893). 

Once more with rhymes I greet your patient ears; 
And as I scan the vista of the years, 
Not nnremembered they who wore the bays — 
Or tried to wear them — in our college days. 
Another Chapman followed him of old, 
And Newman charmed us with his lyre of gold; 
To Sumner's strains we lent a willing ear; 
McClintock's Muse was caustic and severe; 
And like a trumpet soaring to the sky 
Was Bodge's peal of glory and Phi Chi. 

Oh, for the sijirit of those vanished days, 
"Wlien such as these we learned to love and praise! 
Oh, for the fren/.y of that long-lost time. 
To fill with ferver my reluctant rhyme! 
Oh, for that age of transport and desire 
When thoughts are armed men, and words are fire! 
When youth thinks lightly of the lot it owns. 
Rich in the empire of unconquered zones. 

For one brief moment may I not essay 
To yield myself to Memory's magic sway, 
Desert awhile the beaten paths of truth. 
And think once more the vagrant thoughts of youth ? 

It is Horace who tells us in honey-sweet numbers 
How Time, never ceasing, speeds on in his flight; 

Yet he paints not his swiftness in blacks or in numbers. 
But bids us pursue him with hearts gay and light. 

There is dew on the flowers — let us smell their sweet savor. 
There is rapture on lips — let us taste of their bloom. 

Every moment of pleasure or joyous endeavor 
Will twine a bright thread into Memory's loom. 

We are dust, we are shade, when the Fates shall assign us 
Our place in the ranks of the dumb and the dead : 

So we journey with mirtli toward the kingdom of Minos 
And scatter with roses the paths that we tread. 

But perhaps you will tell me the sentiment's pagan, 
Unmeet save for mention with jesting and jeers; 

That such follies and fancies are dead as old Dagon, 
And dry with the dust of the loug-vanished years. 

What ! Did laughter depart with tlie gods and the graces ? 

Was there failure of frolic or death of desire 
AVlieu the piping of Pan ceased in perilous places, 

And the flames of the Vestals were left to expire ? 

Would you proffer me, then, a religion ascetic? 

Would you make me a quaffer at Marah's dark rill ? 
And persuade me its brine is Jehovah's emetic 

To cast from my bosom some burdens of ill ? 

You may hold to your creed and your practice so moral: 
I spurn not your faith and I scorn not your fears; 

For our lives are too short for disputing and quarrel, 
Too short, too, for meanings and groanings and tears. 

Since we press toward a day which shall claim us as 
Of realms that to doubt and to darkness belong, 
Who shall say whether you with your prayers and your 
Are wiser, or I with my laughter and song. 

Class of '68. 

Eight members of the class of '68 met in Port- 
land on Wednesday, at the house of Dr. C. A. Ring, 
to celebrate their twenty-fifth anniversary, and 
passed the time informally in recalling pleasant 
stories of class doings. In the afternoon several 
members of the class took an enjoyable trip down 
Casco Bay. A list of those present will be found 
in another column. Rev. George M. Bodge spoke 
for the class at the Commencement Dinner. 

Class of '78. 

The class of '78 held their reunion on the Ken- 
nebec River, on Friday following Commencement, 
which, in spite of the rain, was a n:ost enjoyable 
affair. By invitation of their classmate. Hartley C. 
Baxter, of Brunswick, they took a trip from Bath 
to Gardiner and back in his beautiful steam yacht 
Papoose. Their host served an elegant dinner on 

The following members of the class were present : 
Clarence A. Baker, M.D., Portland; Hartley C. 
Baxter, Brunswick; John F. Hall, editor and pro- 
prietor Atlantic Times, Democrat, and Dailif Union, 
Atlantic City, N. J. ; Geo. C. Purington, Principal 
State Normal School, Farraington ; Barrett Potter, 



Esq., Brunswick; William E. Sargent, Principal 
Hebron Academy; Edwin F. Stetson, M.D., Dama- 
riscotta; Goo. C. Purington, Ji-., Class Boy. 

Class of '83. 
On acconnt of the greater convenience of next 
year and the desire of members of the class to bo 
present then, '83 decided to put off its reunion 
until the centenuial of the college. Mr. John I. 
Dinsmore spoke for the class at the dinner. 

Class of '88. 
Professor Tolmau, the class secretary and the 
resident member of '88 was unable to arrange a re- 
union of the class, or be present at Commencement 
himself, on account of bis illness. His classmates 
therefore decided to hold their celebration next 

Class of '90. 

zMthough '00 had a number of men present they 
decided to put off their reunion until next year. 

President's Reception. 

President Hyde's annual reception to the 
alumni and fi'iends of the college attracted a 
large and brilliant gathering to Memorial 
Hall, Thursday evening, in spite of the un- 
favorable weather. The occasion was a thor- 
oughly enjoyable one. 

During the evening refreshments were 
served by Robinson, of Portland. 

Entrance Examinations. 
Friday morning some fifteen anb-Fresh- 
nien took their examinations in Massa- 
chusetts Hall. Up to date some eighty 
have taken the entrance examinations, of 
whom about sixfy-five have passed. About 
twenty more have taken preliminary exam- 
inations. The outlook for a good-sized class 
is very favorable, as quite a number more 
will take examinations in the fall. 

Appointments and Prizes. 

Following is a list of the honorary Com- 
mencement appointments of '93, based ujjon 
each man's work for the course: 

Salutatory Oration. — George Scott Chapin, Au- 
burndale, Mass. 

Enrjlifih Orations. — Frank Russell Arnold, Brain- 

tree, Mass. ; Weston Percival Chamberlain, Bristol ; 
Arthur Sewall Haggett, Newcastle ; Charles Henry 
Howard, South Paris; Albert Savage Hutchinson, 
Auburn ; John Higgins Pierce, Portland. 

Philosophical Disquisitions. — Milton Sherburne 
Clififord, Bangor; George Stover Maehan, Argenta, 
111.; John Shepard May, Augusta; Charles Hale 
Savage, Auburn. 

Literary Disquisitions. — Sanford Oscar Baldwin, 
Topsbam ; Byron Fuller Barker, Bath ; Charles Cal- 
vin Bucknam, Eastport ; Harry Clifton Fabyan, Port- 
land ; Reginald Rusden Goodell, Cumberland Mills; 
Augustus Alphonso Hussey, Houlton ; Alley Rea 
Jenks, Houlton; Jesse White Lambert, Wiseasset; 
Herbert Lindsay McCann, South Norridgewock ; 
Herbert Augustine Owen, Buxton Center; Richard 
Conant Payson, Portland ; Clarence Webster Peabody, 
Portland; George Wilder Shay, Albion. 

Disquisitions. — Elmer Howard Carleton, Dresden ; 
Harry Smith Emery, Buxton Center ; Albert Marshall 
Jones, Gorham ; Frederick Milton Shaw, Gorham ; 
Philip Morton Shaw, Gorham. 

Discussions. — George Wood McArthur, Biddeford ; 
Henry Merrill Wilder, Brownville. 

Following is a list of the prizes and awards 
announced during the spring term: 

Ooodivin Prize — Augustus Alphonso Hussey. 

English Gompo.ntion — Clarence Webster Peabody, 
Byron Fuller Barker, first prizes; Harry Clifton 
Fabyan, Charles Henry Howard, second prizes. 

Pray English Prize — Arthur Sewall Haggelt. 

Broion Pme.?— Clarence Webster Peabody, first 
prize; George Scott Chapin, second prize. 

Junior Declamation — George Anthony Merrill, first 
prize; Harry Edwin Andrews, second prize. 

Sewall Latin Prize — Louis Clinton Hatch ; honor- 
able mention, Gorham Henry Wood. 

Sewall Greek Prize — Harvey Waterman Thayer ; 
honorable mention, Gorham Henry Wood. 

Smyth Mathematical Prize — Harlan Page Small. 

Goodwin French Prize — Charles Mayberry Brown. 

Broion Memorial Scholarships — '93, Clarence 
Webster Peabody ; '94, Frank Herbert Kniglit ; '95, 
George D. Foster; '96, Henry Hill Pierce. 

Alumni List. 
Owing to the difficulty of ascertaining 
the names of all present Commencement 
week, the following list is probably somewhat 

Ex-Senator James Ware Bi-adbury, ''2.5; B. E. 
Potter, Henry Ingalls, '41 ; Duramer Norlhend, 



James M. Hagar, '43; G. M. Adams, '44; Rev. E. 
B. Webb, W. \V. Rice, '46 ; John Dinsmore, H. E. 
Eastman, Guilford S. Newcomb, '48; Wm. P. Fi-ye, 
'50; Ex-President Joshua L. Chamberhiin, Lewis 
Pierce, '.52 ; Bishop John F. Spaiilding, Judge Heni-y 
Clay Goodenow, Rev. J. E. Adams, D.D., Stephen 
Foss, M.U., Rev. Ephraim Cummings, David M. 
Place, T. R. Simonton, John L. Crosby, Wm. P. 
Drew, '53 ; Wm. L. Putnam, B. P. Snow, '55 ; E. B. 
Palmer, Galen C. Moses, '56 ; Henry Newbegin, 
James C. Strout, S. Clifford Belcher, C. L. Nichols, 

B. B. Kingsbury, '57; F. M. Drew, Col. E. B. 
Nealley, '58; Judge Joseph W. Symonds, Gen. 
John Marshall Brown, F. G. Clifford, E. A. Harlow, 
'60 ; C. F. Hunt, Judge L. A. Emery, Edwar 
Stanwood, George B. Kenniston, '61; J. E. Pierce, 
F. O. Thayer, '62; Isaiah Trufant, A. R. G. Smith, 
T. M. Giveen, Charles U. Bell, George A. Emery, 
Henry Kimball, Cyrus B. Varney, A. B. Dearborn, 
'63; Charles F. Libby, James McKean, '64; Joseph 
A. Locke, Charles Fish, '65; C. K. Hinkley, '66; 
J. W. MacDonald, Stanley Plummer, Henry S. 
Webster, Curtis, Davenport, George T. Sewal 
Winfield S. Hutchinson, '67; C. A. Ring, M.D., 
L. W. Rundlett, J. A. Hinkley, C. G. Holyoke, G. 
M. Bodge, T. F. Emery, W. F. Shepard, '68; Judge 
John B. Redman, E. C. Woodward, '70; Herbert 
Harris, Rev. J. L. Richards, Hon. Herbert M. Heath, 
'72; D. A. Robinson, M.D., Clarke, Cram, F. A. 
Wilson, Hendricks, A. F. Richardson, '73; T. W. 
Hawthorne, H. H. Emery, William H. Moulton, 
Augustus F. Moulton, '74; S. C. Whitmore, '75; 
Oliver Crocker Stevens, J. A. Morrell, O. C. Stearns, 

C. H. Clark, '76; C. E. Cobb, G. L. Thompson, 
H. V. Stackpole, '77; G. C. Purington, Barrett 
Potter, Samuel E. Smith, C. A. Baker, J. F. Hall, 
'78; O. D. Castner, Thos. Scott, S. S. Stearns, '79; 
Perkins, A. H. Holmes, John Scott, '80; H. S. 
Payson, Wm. King, E. E. Briry, '81; A. F. Belcher, 
J. F. Libby, '82 ; Dr. Gibson, Corliss, H. E. Colo, 
C. C. Hutchinson, J. D. Lenman, J. B. Reed, John 
I. Dinsmore, '83; F. P. Knight, L. Barton, W. K. 
Hilton, Jr., '84; F. N. Whittier, Eugene Thomas, 
Eben W. Freeman, A. W. Rogers, '85; George M. 
Norris, Levi Turner, Jr., W. "V. Wentworth, A. R. 
Butler, G. S. Berry, Jr., '86; Dr. F. C. Moulton, E. 
C. Plummer, M. L. Kimball, F. D. Dearth, Little, 
Kimball, W. L. Gahan, Clarence B. Burleigh, J. V. 
Lane, Arthur W. Merrill, Perkins, '87 ; A. L. Tolman, 
Meserve, Marston, Ayer, R. S. Thomes, W. W. 
Woodman, J. L. Doolittle, '88 ; G. L. Rogers, Little, 
George Thwing, L. J. Bodge, F. L. Staples, '89; 
Charles Lyman Hutchinson, Walter R. Hunt, O. B. 
Humphrey, Blanchard, Weeks, Victor V. Thompson, 

Weeks, Alexander, A. V. Smith, Ridley, Spinney, 
W. T. Dunn, George E. Tolman, M.D., Thomas C. 
Spillane, '90; Charles Sias Wright, B. D. Ridlon, 
Fred J. Simonton, E. C. Drew, R. W. Hunt, H. S. 
Chapman, Hastings, Porter, Algenon S. Dyer, Mal- 
lett, H. DeF. Smith, F. M. Tukey, G. C. Mahoney, 
Harry Cutts, Minot, '91; H. C. Emery, Leon F. 
Fobes, Charles S. Rich, Roy F. Bartlett, Earl B. 
Wood, Pennell, Wilson, Hull, Sumner, Gummer, 
Merriman, Abbott, C. A. Hodgkins, '92. 

The class of '96 celebrated 
^ its exit from Freshman life and 

^ its enti'ance into Sophomoric glories 
June 16th, by the usual banquet in Port- 
land. A special car was provided on 
the 4.30 r.M. train, and after a little 
excitement at the station the start was made. The 
crowd formed in line at the Union Station and marched 
up to the Preble House. At the Longfellow monu- 
ment a circle was forujcd and with uncovered heads 
the boys cheered the great poet, the class, and col- 
lege. Songs and cheers enlivened the whole line of 
march. Canes and colors were at once purchased, 
and until 9 o'clock the time was spent in looking 
around the city. At that hour a descent was made 
upon the dining room, where an elaborate banquet 
was served to which, for two hours, the appetites of 
the new Sophomores did ample justice. After the 
banquet the following literary programme was car- 
ried out under the dii'ection of Toast-Master Sterling 
Fessenden ; 

"Bowdoin," .... Homer E. Blodgett. 

" 'Ninety-Six," J. Clair Minot. 

" Prof. Johnson," . . . Francis O. Peaks. 
" Athletics," .'.... Geo. T. Ordway. 
" 'Ninety-Seven," .... Harry H. Pierce. 
Opening Address, . . . Robert Newbegin. 

Ode Words by J. Clair Miuot. 

History, Philip Dana. 

Poem, H. W. Owen, Jr. 

Oration Harry Oakes. 

Prophecy J. W. Haskell. 

Ode Words by Harry H. Pierce. 

The parts were all carefully prepared and reflected 
much credit on the various speakers. The festivities 



were kept up until an early hour, and then the re- 
mainder of the night was spent at the hotel, and the 
return to Brunswick made the next forenoon. It 
was a most successful and enjoyable occasion 
throughout, and one '9G will not soon forget. F. H. 
Swan, J. H. Libby, and W. Robinson formed the 
efficient committee of arrangements. 

Wardwell, '85, passed through town last week. 

The alumni ball game was omitted this year, 
the old ball-tossers not feeling equal to the occasion. 

Perkins, '80, spent Commencement week in town, 
his sixteenth consecutive appearance at the annual 

Reed took some good pictures of the Junior class, 
after the Ivy exercises. He also snapped the Seniors 
after their Class-Day exercises. ' 

Ex-U. S. Senator James VV. Bradbury, of Augusta, 
the sole surviving member of the immortal class of 
'25, attended Commencement as usual, and it was a 
remarkable and impressive sight to see this gray- 
haired old statesman, over 90 years of age, march 
with uncovered head among the alumni before the 
ranks of the new graduates. 

" The Bates team are gentlemen and ball players ; 
the M. S. C. team are gentlemen ; the Bowdoin team 
are ball players"; says the Oolby Echo. The temp- 
tation to complete the characterization of the four 
teams of the league by adding the Colby team are 
neither gentlemen nor ball players is almost irresist- 
ible, but we refrain. 

Rev. Edward Bearaan Palmer, D.D., '56, of Bos- 
ton, is the holder of a remarkable record which has 
doubtless never been equaled in the history of Bow- 
doin, and perhaps is without parallel elsewhere. 
Last week he attended his 38th consecutive Com- 
mencement of Bowdoin. He is now in the flush of 
active manhood, and expects to attend at least a 
score more of Commencements here. 

Gradually but surely the standard of admission 
to Bowdoin is being raised and quite a large number 
of candidates were refused admission this year. Be- 
tween 50 and 60 passed on the final examination 
papers sent away to different schools, and between 
20 and 30 the preliminaries. Also many were here 
to be examined Commencement week. 'Ninety-seven 
promises to be a large and fine class. 

The three cups won by Bowdoin in the Intercol- 
legiate Tennis Tournament have been received from 
the engraver, and are now in the library. The new 
cup purchased this year by the College Association 
has also been received and placed in the library. 
Tills latter cup will remain the property of the col- 

lege, the winner of the college tournament each year 
having his name engraved upon it. Dana, '94, heads 
the lists. 

We have received from Mr. J. L. Harrison, of 
Albany, N. Y., his neat little volume entitled "Cap 
and Gown," made up of selections from the various 
college periodicals, several of them from the Orient. 
The book should be in every college man's library. 
From D. C. Heath we have received " La Mere 
Michel et son Chat," the latest volume in their French 
series. It is uniform in appearance and price with 
the others of the series, and contains beside the text, 
ample notes and a concise vocabulary. 

When Jewett's train reached here from the east, 
Wednesday afternoon, the graduating class was gath- 
ered at the Depot to receive Charles A. Parker of 
Good Will Home, Fairfield, whom '93 has undertaken 
to send through Bowdoin. Charlie is a fine looking 
lad of 13 years, and he fully appreciates the great 
favor that has been done to him. He is an orphan 
from Medford, Mass., and has always had a great 
desire to receive an education, but when his mother 
died and left him alone in the world, a year ago, he 
about abandoned the idea. A kind lady got him into 
Good Will Home. Soon after the Senior class at 
Bowdoin asked Mr. Hinkley to designate one of his 
boys for them to educate, and young Parker was 
selected. In two years he expects to enter Bowdoin. 
The students paid him a good deal of attention on 
Thursday and at night escorted him to the train on 
his return to Good Will. 

'34. — The college has re- 
cently received from its 
author, the Rev. Henry Theodore 
Cheever, D.D., a copy of his recent 
work entitled, "Bible Eschatology, Its 
Relation to the Current Presbyterian Stand- 
ards and the Basal Principles that must Underlie 
Revision." Worcester. F. S. Blanchard and Com- 
pany, 1893. An admirable portrait of the author 
forms a frontispiece to the volume. 

'37. — News has recently come to the college of 
the death of Rev. Ebenezer Stockbridge, which took 
place July 6, 1892. He was born in Freeport, Octo- 



ber 15, 1807, the son of Micah and Mary (Pinkham) 
Stockbridge, and fitted for college in district schools 
and later at Readtield Academy. After graduation 
he taught school for a few months each at Falmouth, 
Me., in New Hanipshii'e, and in Connecticut. In 
1838 ho went to Georgia, where he remained twelve 
years, teaching school in various places. He was 
hampered in his work by sectional prejudice, not 
infrequently causing him considerable annoyance. 
During his teaching he studied law, medicine, and 
theology extensively, his object being the last. In 
1850 he was called to the presidency of what was 
called Holston College, in Tennessee, and held the 
position five years, meanwhile continuing his study 
of Hebrew and theology. In 1857 he preached a 
circuit in Virginia, having been licensed to preach 
in 1831, ordained deacon in the Methodist Episcopal 
Church in 184G, and elder in 1850. Since 1868 he 
taughtin the common schools of Green County, Tenn., 
until 1887, when ho removed to Texas. During the 
War of the Rebellion he maintained his allegiance 
to the Union, and in consequence he and his family 
suffered many troubles, and he was once thrown into 
prison at Richmond. He married, first, Sarah 
Fellows, in 1842, at Jackson, Ga. After her death 
he married Mary Caroline Goodwin, of Green 
County, Tenn., by whom he had three sons and 
three daughters. Up to the time of his death he 
retained his mental powers to a remarkable degree, 
reading several languages with great versatility. 

'42. — Rev. George Gannett, D.D., of Boston, died 
at Englewood, 111., on Sunday, June 11th. He was 
born at East Bridgewater in 1819. His family moved, 
in 1820, to Belfast, where he fitted for college, re- 

ceiving a Phi Beta Kappa election at graduation. 
He has also had the degree of A.M. from Bowdoin. 
Immediately after graduation he was principal of the 
academy at Stafford, N. H., but, after two years, 
entered Bangor Theological Seminary, where he 
graduated in 1847. He was soon settled over the 
Congregational Church at Boothbay Plarbor, but was 
compelled to resign in the middle of a most success- 
ful pastorate there, on account of ill health. In 1850 
he opened a private school for young ladies at 
Arlington, and seven years later, removing to Boston, 
he founded the famous Gannett Institute, the first 
school to enter upon collegiate work for women. 
Dr. Gannett has here had several thousand women 
under his tuition, and the institute still maintains its 
high rank. In 1864 Dr. Gannett was chosen one of 
the examining committee of Harvard, serving seven 
years. In 1887 he received the degree of D.D. from 
Middlebury College. He was the author of a large 
number of educational and other magazine articles, 
beside Tuany lectures and essays. In 1847 he married 
Mary Jane Shaw, of Wolfeborough, N. H., and, after 
her death, in 1876, married Georgiana Buttervvorth, 
of Warren, Mass. 

'53. — The class of '53 has recently presented the 
library with a set of Chamber's Encyclopedia, in ten 
volumes, and a copy of Rodolfo Lauciani's Ancient 
Rome, as "a loving remembrance of the class." 

'91. — E. H. Newbegin, who has for some time 
been studying law, has just been admitted to the bar 
in Ohio. He is the first man of his class to enter 
upon a professional career. 

'93. — George S. Machan is to be assistant in Bi- 
ology next year. During the coming summer he 
will occupy the Bowdoin table at Wood's Holl, Mass. 


F'oi^L TiaiE] :f=ii=>ei. 



Dealers in Fine Carriages and Sleighs, 

Sm'vey.s, rimctons, Spring Wngons of all dcscriiition.i. Livery, 

S.ilc, and Boarding Stable connected with Tontine 

Hotel. Hacks for wedtlings, parties, 

and receptions. 

145 MAIN ST., 




Vol. XXIII. 

No. 6. 





F. W. PiCKARD, '94, Managing Editor. 

F. J. LiBEY, '9i, Assistant Managing Editor. 

B. L. Bryant, '95, Business Manager. 

H. E. Andrews, '94. A. G. Wiley, '95. 

E. M. Simpson, '94. J. C. Minot, '96. 

H. W. Thayer, '95. H. H. Pierce, '9fi. 

J. E. Dunning. 

Per annum, in advance. 
Single Copies, 

. $2.00. 
15 Cents. 

Kxtra copies can be obtained a ttiie bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Manager. 

Remittances should he made to the Business Manager. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should he directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumui are invited to contribute 
literary articles, persouals, and items. ' Contributions must be 
accompanieil by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Khyme and Ueason Departmeut should be 
sent to Box 6, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should be sentto Box UO, Brunswick, Me. 

Bntered at the Post-Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 


Vol. XXIII., No. 6.— October 4, 1893. 

Editorial Notes, 105 

After Five Years lOT 

Arrangement o£ tlie Library, 109 

The Pessioptimist, 110 

Rhyme and Reason: 

Answered Ill 

A Thought, Ill 

Bowdoin Days, Ill 

CoLLEGii Tabula Ill 

Athletics, 114 

y. M. C. A., 116 

Personal 116 

College World 119 

The Orient extends its heartiest greet- 
ings to all of its old friends, and an equally 
heart}' welcome to the incoming Freshman 
class. The, new college term finds more names 
enrolled on the catalogue than for many 
years. The class of '93, small though it was 
in numbers, exerted a strong influence in 
many ways — an influence which will be more 
appreciated, now that it is removed. More- 
over, on the diamond, on the river, on the 
foot-ball field, and on the track, familiar 
faces, long associated with victoiy, will be 

Upon '94 devolves the task of guiding 
the policy of the undergraduates. The 
strong college and class feeling which three 
years of college life have developed in the 
class are guarantees that their duties will be 
properly and consistently fulfilled. 

The class of '95 enters upon their Junior 
year strong in numbers, strong in allegiance 
to class, and thoroughly in harmony with 
the spirit of the college. 'Ninety-five is an 
athletic class, and upon them Bowdoin will 
depend largely this year, as she did last, for 
material for foot-ball and track athletic teams, 
and '95 will undoubtedly respond to the call. 

Sophomore year is a trying period in the 
history of a class, and never more so than 
when the spirit of old Phi Chi is frowned 
upon by Faculty and upper classes alike, to 



make no mention of that terror to evil doers 
— the Jury. But we are sure that '96 will 
bow gracefully to the inevitable and still 
keep the animal spirits of the Freshmen 
within bounds, even if unable to brush off 
their greenness by personal contact. 

The Freshman class gives promise of 
taking a prominent part in our college life 
when familiarity with the new surroundings 
and conditions into which they have come 
shall have smoothed down the rough edges, 
and made them an integral part of the under- 
graduate body. Perchance they may rather 
dislike the process, but when they, in their 
turn, emerge into Sophomore year, they will 
more readily perceive that even the disagre- 
able things incident upon Freshman life are 
not without their beneficial effect. 

We wish to particularly impress upon 
'97 that the sentiment of the students is 
strongly opposed to hazing in its objectiona- 
ble forms, and that it is for this reason that 
they have escaped so lightly. But they are 
Freshmen, nevertheless, and Freshmen they 
will remain to the end of the year. It is 
incumbent on them to accept their position 
with good grace and not endeavor to usurp 
Senior dignity and power before they have 
graduated from required mathematics. ■ 

It is to be hoped that the athletic element 
in '97 will be an aid to the college teams, 
and to that end we request every Freshman 
who can play, or wishes to pla}^ foot-ball to 
try his hand. Even if there is little or no 
chance to secure a position on the first 
eleven, it is none the less a clear duty of all 
to play regularly, and by so doing not only 
aid the team in its practice, but become pre- 
pared for better work and, it may well be, a 
position on the team at some future time. 

continue the paper is received. The Orient 
needs and should receive the hearty and 
consistent support of every member of the 
college, and a subscription is the least that 
one should expect to do toward making it 
what it is intended to be — a representative 
college publication. 

We still have a number of copies of the 
Commencement number, which will be sup- 
plied at 25 cents each to any who may apply 
for them. 

FOLLOWING the general custom we send 
this number of the Orient to every 
member of the Freshman class and will 
continue to do so unless a request to dis- 

TT7HE spirit of foot-ball is rampant in the 
^ land. College, high school, and academy 
have alike succumbed to its all-conquering 

Our own season has now fairly com- 
menced. Saturday's game at Exeter fur- 
nishes us with the first criterion of our team. 
On the whole we think the outlook for a 
successful season is a favorable one, even 
though at this writing it seems unlikely that 
we shall equal the fine record of last year. 

So far this year the lack of team work 
has been painfully apparent ; the backs have 
not run well together and the line men have 
not got into the play as they should. Of 
course the absence of four of last year's men 
from the line makes a great deal of differ- 
ence, yet the men now playing are capable 
of better work, and we confidently expect a 
marked improvement in the next two weeks. 

The large number of men out for practice 
each day is an extremely encouraging sign. 
Foot-ball enthusiasm was never at a higher 
point than now, and with a team in each of 
the three other colleges of the state, the 
game should make great advancement in 

We hope that the enthusiasm of the col- 
lege will manifest itself in the shape of a 
liberal subscription. Foot-ball costs money, 
and considerable money at that. But if every 
man will give something, no matter how 
small a sum, provided it be as much as he 



can afford to subscribe, Bowdoin can support 
her team as it deserves to be supported. 

The management should see that as many 
games as possible are played in Brunswick. 
Few really good teams have ever appeared 
here, and it is but fair to those who con- 
tribute to the support of the team that they 
be enabled to see a fair share of the games. 
We are glad to note that games with Harvard, 
Brown, Amherst, and Tufts are under con- 
sideration, for it is only by meeting teams 
whose strength is approximately equal to 
ours, or even, as in the case of Harvard, 
decidedly greater, that progress can be made. 

The appearance of Colby, Bates, and M. 
S. C. in the foot-ball arena does those col- 
leges credit. Bowdoin is readj^ to meet 
them, and hopes to show that her prowess 
on the foot-ball field is fully equal if not 
superior to her ability on the diamond. 

JPHE Y. M. C. A. issued its annual hand- 
^ book just at the close of the summer 
term, and a very neat and liandy pocket 
companion it is. Copies may be had free of 
charge upon application to G. A. Merrill, 
'94, chairman of the committee. 

l^ATHER more than the usual number of 
-*■ \ changes have taken place in the Faculty 
this year. Professor William MacDonald 
comes to us from Worcester Polytechnic 
Institute to the chair of History and Polit- 
ical Economy. He has already won the 
good opinion of his classes and will undoubt- 
edly prove a valuable addition to the 

Professor Files, who has been studying 
in Germany the past two j'ears, and who 
recently received the degree of Ph.D., 
cum laude, from the University of Leipzig, 
assumes charge of the German department. 

The continued illness of Mr. Tolman, 
Assistant Professor of English Literature, 
necessitates his absence for another year. 

His position will be filled by Mr. W. B. 
Mitchell, '90, who has been engaged in 
teaching since his graduation, and has made 
a specialty of Rhetoric and English. Mr. 
G. S. Machan, '93, will succeed Mr. Hunt as 
assistant in Biology. 

TV7E WISH to remind the college in gen- 
^^ eral, and '97 in particular, that members 
of all classes will be eligible to election on 
the Orient Board at the end of the winter 
term. The columns of the Okient are 
always open to any articles on topics of 
college interests, and purely literary matter 
in the form of stories, sketches, or contribu- 
tions to "Rhyme and Reason " will be gladly 

For the benefit of the Freshmen we 
reprint the list of prizes offered last term : 

For the best story published in this vol- 
ume of the Orient, five dollars. 

For the second best story, three dollars. 

For the largest number of poems pub- 
lished, five dollars. 

For the best poem published, two dollars. 

The above prizes are open to the competi- 
tion of all students of the college except 
the present Orient editors. All contribu- 
tions are subject to revision by the editors, 
and will be submitted to the judges only as 
they appear in print. Stories should not 
exceed 1,500 words in length, and poems 
should not exceed forty lines. 

After Five Years. 
a /TOOD afternoon," he said, as she came 
^ into the pretty little drawing-room 
that looked out on the avenue. "I'm only 
in town for the day, and, as we are ordered 
away again directly, I thought I must call 
and see you, if only for a moment or two." 
How sweet she was as she stood there 
just inside the door, the light of mingled 
surprise and gladness flowing up in her soft 



blue eyes, and just the faintest wave of rosy 
color tinging her dainty cheeks. He thought 
she looked more beautiful than ever before, 
and as she greeted him with warm words, 
and extended her hand almost timidly, he 
felt that she was all the world to him. 

He had sailed away on the quarter-deck 
of one of Uncle Sam's smart cruisers just 
five years ago to-day, and every minute of 
those five years, in calm and storm, afloat 
and ashore, the sweet face that was now so 
near him had haunted his vision, and when 
he read the orders that sent the " Columbian " 
home for repairs, his heart had beat hard as 
he thought of meeting her again. And 
just a week ago she had read in the Herald, 
"Arrived, June 15th, U. S. S. Columbian, 
from the Mediterranean," and she knew that, 
barring accidents (for she had not heard 
from him during his absence), a certain tall 
lieutenant, handsome, gay, and athletic, 
would soon be ashore, and then — would he 
come to her? She feared so; feared so be- 
cause — but wait! 

And so at last he had met her. At last 
he could see her face to face, and could 
watch the sparkle of her eyes, and could 
listen to the sound of her voice. How 
inexpressibly happy it made him! His 
messmates in the wardroom had said that 
he was sober and quiet and not much at 
conversation, but now, under the inspiration 
of her presence, he talked as never before, 
telling her fascinating stories of his life 
afloat, and of the beautiful things of Italy 
and the Great Sea. She was content to 
listen, and he was more than satisfied to be 
able to talk to her thus, and watch her smile, 
and hear her light laughter as he made some 
boyish sally of wit. He would talk common- 
place now, he thought, and then, after tea 
(of course she would bid him stay as of old), 
in the quiet dimness of the summer twilight 
he would tell her of his long-kept love, and 
would take her to his heart, his own. He 

had no doubt of his success, for when he 
went away every one had said that she was 
nearly heart-broken, and that if he had had 
eyes in his head he would have seen it and 
claimed her then and there. But he had 
been a bit timid and wanted time to think 
it over, and as the "Columbian" was to be 
absent only "six months," why — he would 

But the months had lengthened into 
years, and he had almost despaired of seeing 
her again, and now that he was back in her 
sight once more, he felt that her heart must 
throb in tune with his own, and that with 
her, as with him, time had but strengthened 
the bond between them. 

He had been talking joyously and inces- 
santly for an hour, and she had only listened, 
answering here and there in monosyllables. 
So now, fearing that she would wear}', and 
longing to know if he had been missed, he 
asked her to tell him about her own life of 
the past five years, and she paled a little, he 
thought, as she began to speak, and her 
voice trembled curiously. He noted this 
with beating pulses, thinking that she was 
much moved at their meeting, and that it 
argued well for his success in the attack on 
her heart's citadel. 

She told him that she had lived quietly 
at home looking after her house, and then, 
hesitating aud coloring painfully, was about 
to give utterance to something that seemed 
to trouble her, when there was a quick step 
on the floor of the hall outside; a deep, 
gentle voice calling softly, "Nell," and then, 
as the portiere was thrown nervously back, 
he saw a tall form filling the doorway, while 
she was saying, "Lieutenant Stone, my 

Miss Julia Stevenson, daughter of Vice-President ' 
Stevenson, is a member of the entering Freshman 
class at Wellesley college. Miss Stevenson's younger 
sister is attending the Dana Hall Preparatory School 
in Wellesley. 



Arrangement of the Library. 

TTThE Bowdoiu College Library grants the privi- 
A lege, a rare one in case of collections of fifty 
thousand volumes, of unrestricted access to the 
shelves. This circumstance leads most borrowers 
to select books without the aid of an attendant, 
and renders a knowledge of the arrangement of 
the library of great importance to all. 

The entrance room on the north side of the 
Chapel contains the charging desk, at which a 
signed receipt must be left for each volume taken 
from the building; the "New Books" shelves, 
where recent accessions are temporarily placed and 
a list of them posted each month; the "Selected 
Books" shelves, where volumes relating to particu- 
lar subjects, or reserved for special classes, are kept. 
The room is also intended to serve as an inquiry 
and conversation room so that, as far as practica- 
ble, silence may be observed in the other rooms. 

By the door on the west the North Wing is 
reached through the small apartment known as the 
Study Koom. The first case at the end of this 
wing is devoted to books on philosophy in which 
the class numbers range from 100 to 199. For 
instance, 170 is the class number for ethics. Pres- 
ident Hyde's Practical Ethics is marked 170: H99, 
and placed with a score or two of other works on 
that subject in its numerical order in this case. 
Works on logic, numbered 160, precede ; and those 
on ancient philosophy, numbered 180, follow. 

As a rule, each book in the library has a class 
number of three or more figures and a book number, 
consisting of the initial of the author's name and 
two figures. The latter device results in an alpha- 
■ betical arrangement by authors in each class. When 
the class number consists of more than three 
figures, all save the first three are regarded as a 
decimal in the arrangement of classes: e.g., }70.9 
follows 170 and precedes 171 ; 822.3.3 precedes 823. 

Books on religion, bearing numbers 200-299 
inclusive, occupy the next three and a half cases. 
The large division known as sociology comes next. 
This includes statistics, 310-319; political science, 
320-329; political ecouomy, ,330-339; law and 
constitutional history, 340-349; administration, 
350-359; education, 370-379; commerce, 380-389; 
manners and customs, 390-399. The extensive 
collection of Congressional documents, numbering 
nearly three thousand volumes, belongs to this 
division, but has a special class number, U.S., and 
is arranged chronologically on the high shelves in 
the South Wing. The remainder of the North 

Wing is given up to science. This begins in the 
eighth case with the Smyth Mathematical Library, 
the gift of Henry J. Furber, of the class of 1861. 
Several sets of scientific periodicals, numbered 505, 
are placed in the Study Room adjacent. The cases 
on the upper floor of this room are occupied by the 
division of useful arts, numbered 600 to 699, and by 
rarely-used works of reference; those on the lower 
floor by the division of fine arts, 700 to 789. Books 
on games and athletic sports, 790 to 799, are also 
located here. 

From the entrance room the visitor enters by 
the door to the east, Banister Hall, the main room 
of the library, which contains the card catalogue, 
the current periodicals, the works of reference, and 
all books on history. The arrangement of this 
large division begins on the west side with the 
volumes numbered 900 to 909, which treat of 
history in general. Near the entrance door are 
books on geography (910) and archiBology (913). 
The north and a portion of the east side are occu- 
pied by works of travel and description, arranged 
by countries; for instance, travels in England are 
marked 914.2; description of New England, 917.4. 
The rapidly-growing class of biography occupies 
the central portion of the east side. These books 
have a special class number, B, and are arranged 
alphabetically by subjects. A life of Burr is 
marked B: B941, one of Darwin, B : D253. As a 
convenience to students of history and literature, 
lives of rulers are placed with the history of their 
respective nations, and lives of literary men with 
their writings: e. g., a life of Ale.^ander is marked 
938.1 and is placed with histories of Greece, and a 
life of Tennyson will be found in 821.81, the class 
number for his poems. The remainder of the room 
is occupied by works on the history of difl'erent 
countries, English history (942) is in the south- 
east corner. United States history (973) in the west 
central portion, while New England local history 
and the extensive collection on Maine are arranged 
in the west galleries. 

The librarian's office, corresponding in size and 
position with the entrance room, is on the south 
side of the building. Here assistance and instruc- 
tion in the use of the library is freely given, the 
librarian being especially at the disposal of inquirers 
from two to four o'clock each afternoon save Satur- 
day. Here, also, are arranged the writings of the 
alumni and many college records and publications. 

The South Wing is entered from the librarian's 
office, and contains, beginning with the shelves at 
the left, the classes of rhetoric (808), American 



literature (810-818), English literature (820-828), 
German and French (830-849), Italian and Spanish 
(850-869), Latin and Greek (870-889), philology 
(400-499), and 4,700 volumes of periodicals indexed 
in "Poole." These much-used sets of magazines 
are arranged alphabetically by titles in nine cases, 
the arrangement starting from the west. A list of 
them is posted for reference on the table near the 
radiator in the center, where are kept the various 
index volumes. English drama (822) begins the 
line of books on the north side, and Scandinavian 
literature (839) closes it at the east end. 

In each literature, 'books are arranged by 
groups, viz., poetry, drama, fiction, essays, oratory, 
satire, miscellany. These groups are chronologi- 
cally subdivided and prominent authors given a 
special number. This permits of the keeping 
together of all books relatiug to a distinguished 
writer. For instance, Longfellow's number is 
811.34; biographies of him are marked 811.34: Bl, 
B2, etc.; complete sets of his works with notes, 
811.34: Jl, J2, etc., while other letters are assigned 
to his separately published books: e. g., "Outre 
Mer," 811.34: PI. 

It is not necessary, however, to master the 
scheme of classification in order to find a book of 
which the class mark is known. If one remembers 
merely that class marks beginning with the letters 
M or B or the number 9 are in Banister Hall, those 
with 8 and 4 in the South Wing, and all others in 
the North Wing, ordinary care in noting the shelf 
labels will lead him to the volume sought. 

"QACK from sea-shore or World's Fair, 
■■-' down from farm and town and a host of 
homes that form parts of many common- 
wealths, have come the aggregation of mor- 
tals' forming the student-body of Bowdoin 
College. To every one the Pessioptimist 
extends greeting. To the upper-classmen, 
with hopes of profitable study in the pleas- 
ant courses of Junior and Senior years; to 
the Sophomores, with congratulations on the 
attainment of the much-coveted position of 
the censors of '97; and to the Freshmen, 
with the hope that their life at Bowdoin will 

be as happy as a college man's existence 
ought to be, and with the hearty assurance 
that failure to walk in the paths of the 
righteous will call forth quarts of red-hued 
ink from this well-worn pen. 

* * * * 
Is the old-fashioned feeling of boyish 

enthusiasm, once so pleasantly characteristic 
of college men, dying out? 

Look at this, Bowdoin men, and see if 
such is the case. Don't be afraid to let your 
animal spirits find vent in some of the good 
old college glees or popular melodies which 
only college men can sing in the ringing, 
vigorous style that starts one's heart a-beat- 
ing in sympathy with every note. Don't be 
afraid to let class, society, or college cheer 
roll out at every proper opportunity ; don't 
get in the way of thinking that you will be 
any the less manly and dignified by letting 
in a bit of sentiment once in a while. 

The class of 1894 stands out prominently 
amongst those of recent years as helping to 
keep alive the well-nigh dead spirit of 
college song, and its hearty, wholesome cho- 
ruses ring out daily on the campus and 
delta. Stoical indifference to enthusiasm 
and sentiment may be all right, but such 
feelings should be relegated to the attic, 
along with other useless articles, when the 
college man leaves home for his Alma Mater. 

* * *■ « 

What am I, in so far as my relations to 
my college course is concerned? Am I a 
hearer of the truth or a seeker after it? Am 
I content to listen to the exposition of cer- 
tain principles by the professor, or am I eager 
to take his suggestions as a clue and, with 
the vast resources of the world of books at 
my disposal, follow out our conjoined thought 
to the end of logical conclusion and profit- 
able information? Am I willing to allow my 
ideas to be confined within the bounds of the 
daily assigned lessons, or am I giving play 



to the thoughts of my brain and deducting 
great principles of life and action from what, 
with a little perseverance, I may read be- 
tween the printed lines? How about this; 
am I a "listener" or a "seeker"? 


" Thon beauteous star of brightest gleam, 

Thou lily of fairest hue, 

How shall I woo thee, precious one?" 
" By proxy," auswered Sue. 

A Thought. 

The purple mouutains darker turn. 

And purple cloud-lands downward beud. 

Our blinded sight cannot discern — 

We live where earth and heaven blend. 

In Eden meadows year by year 
We roam, but weary human eyes 

Are dim, and fail to find how near 
They are— our world and Paradise. 

Bowdoin Days. 

When student life is past in gliding days or years, 

And lingering feet must leave the dear old halls, 

May mem'ry fond abiding with our college home, 

Take sunshine from its grim old walls; 

Still in our recollection the campus changeless be. 

Yet green as once in happy by-gone days, 

And Bowdoin, young forever 'neath the arching 

Receive from faithful hearts her wonted praise. 

The graceful chapel gray, with ivy climbing o'er, 
Still shall upward point with tap'ring towers twain, 
The organ's music pealing thro' the lofty nave 
Shall swell its sacred notes of old again. 
Massachusetts, mem'ry-hallowed, time-stained and 

Shall hold the loyal homage of her sons. 
And Memorial's roll of honor, blazoned on her walls, 
Have worth more lasting far than stone or bronze. 

Each year unto her feet a priceless treasure brings. 
Fair youthful minds with purpose strong. 

Her hundred years of crowded life are numbered 

With statesman praise, with soldiers' deeds, with 

Old Bowdoin, fondly still, where'er thy sons may 

Shall hearts look back upon thy classic halls; 
For sunny hours are those that glide with winged 

Beneath the elms, within thy dear old walls. 

Among the Bowdoin 
students who were at the 
World's Fair during vacation were 
the following: Andrews, Bliss, Baxter, 
Plaisted, Libby, McKinnon, Pickard, 
W. W. Thomas, E.Thomas, Ingraham, 
Whitcomb;'94; French, Fairbanks, Hatch, Roberts, 
Foster, Mitchell, Wiley, '9.5; Bass, Eastman, Kyes, 
Dana, Newbegin, Warren, Pierce, Stone, '96. 

Parker, '95, has left college. 

Moore, '90, was at the college last week. 

Kenoisou and Mann, '92, were back recently. 

Oakes, '96, will not return to college this year. 

Simpson, '94, is engaged in teaching this term. 

Gummer, '92, is se#i] on the campus occasion- 

Webber, '9,5, presides over the reading-room this 

F. M. Drew, '91, visited old friends in the college 

Downs, '92, called on friends on the campus 
last week. 

Ridley, formerly of '93, will probably join '94 in 
the winter term. 

Carleton, '93, is playing fullback on the Dart- 
mouth eleven. 

An unusually large number of Sophomores have 
elected mathematics. 

Ralph W. Crosmau, of South Framingham, 
Mass., has joined '96. 



Dr. Whittier is using a new kind of anttiropo- 
metric chart this year. 

Merrill, '96, is in a bank at Farmington, but will 
be back later in the term. 

Stearns, '90, now a lawyer at Lovell, Me., called 
on old friends early in the term. 

Hastings, '91, now of Johns Hopkins, spent the 
opening weeks of the term here. 

C. A. Brown, '96, has left his class, and entered 
the Sophomore class in Harvard. 

Rumors are in the air that the immortal Kermis 
will be repeated at Bath, this winter. 

French, '96, will not return this term, but will 
probably be back later in the year. 

Coach Doring and Professor Whittier accom- 
panied the team on their Exeter trip. 

Machan, '93, is back as assistant in biology. He 
has entered upon a course at the Medical School. 

Every one of the forty-seven members of '94 is 
back, or will be back, for the work of Senior year. 

Haines, Koehan, and White, '97, are new men 
who have been doing good work in the Chapel Choir. 

Elbridge Bond, of Taylorville, 111., is a new 
special in college, most of his studies being with '96. 

Machan, the new assistant in Biology, has joined 
the Faculty Tennis Club, of which he is an active 

Hussey and McArthur, '93, were among the 
recent graduates who visited college at the opening 
of the term. 

All but seven of the Senior class have elected 
English Literature, and all but twelve elect Polit- 
ical Science. 

President Hyde has announced in chapel that 
new recitation rooms will be fitted up at once in 
Adams Hall. 

Quite a large party of students went on the 
excursion to Farmington and Rangeley, Saturday, 
September 30th. 

Owing to the abundance of Freshmen and the 
scarcity of rooms, the majority of '97 are domiciled 
in private houses. 

The Topsham Fair will be held October 10th, 
11th, and 12th. Triangle is being trained for a 
fast exhibition mile. 

Wiley, '95, who has been employed in the Depart- 
ment of Awards at Chicago this summer, returned 
to college last Saturday. 

'Ninety-five loses a star scholar and popular 

member in G. H. Wood, who will go into business 
with his father in Bangor. 

Several graduates were mistaken for Freshmen 
during the early days and nights of the term by 
the enterprising Sophomores. 

Driving sharp bargains with Freshmen in sec- 
ond-hand books and furniture has been a favorite 
pastime with upper-classmen lately. 

Haggett, '93, was here Sunday, September 24th, 
on bis way to Baltimore, where he will take a 
course at Johns Hopkins University. 

One afternoon last week thirty-six men assem- 
bled on the delta for foot-ball practice, the largest 
number in the history of the game at Bowdoin. 

Professors Johnson and Robinson have recently 
returned from a visit to the World's Fair. Several 
other professors were in Chicago during the summer. 

There was the usual gauntlet of sophomoric 
canes, and the usual stern command, "Hats off, 
Freshie ! " after the first chapel exercise of the term. 

Linscott, '92, and Smith, '90, were on the campus 
last week. Both will return to Chicago University. 
Smith has just received his degree of A.M., here. 

Moore, '94, preached most successfully in the 
Saco Congregational Church all summer. He will 
probably occupy its pulpit permanently after 

This is the time when the far-famed beautiful 
campus of old Bowdoin is the most glorious of the 
year, as the October sunshine falls on the many- 
tinted leaves. 

All will be glad to know that an improved sys- 
tem of ventilation, in connection with that of the 
Searles Scientific Building, will be introduced into 
Memorial Hall. 

The assistants in the Library for this year have 
been appointed. They are Currier, Flagg, and 
Merrill, '94; Thayer, '95 ; Swan and Thompson, 
'96; Vining, '97. 

The various class officers will this year have 
entire control of the matter of church and chapel 
absences, relieving the registrar of one of his 
heaviest duties. 

During the summer the capacity of the library 
has been enlarged by 7,000 volumes. The principal 
entrance now is at the north side door, over which 
a portico has been erected. 

Professor George T. Piles, who is in charge of 
the German department, after a two years' absence 
in Europe, recently received the degree of Ph.D., 
cum laude, at Leipsic University. 



One of the latest changes made in the courses 
of study is the extension of the course in French, 
so that now the student is able to follow the study 
of this language four years in college if he desires. 

Talking over the wonders of the World's Pair 
and the Midway Plaisance has been a favorite 
occupation with students. Much regret has been 
expressed that the Bowdoin exhibit was not more 

The Boston Herald of last Sunday states that 
Colby's team hopes to lower Bowdoiii's colors this 
fall. The same issue gives the score of Colby's first 
game— Portland High School, 0; Colby, 0. Have 
their hopes vanished ? 

Professors Chapman, Robinson, Johnson, Wood- 
ruff, Little, and Moody were at the World's Fair 
during the summer. President Hyde goes this 
week for a two-weeks' trip. He is to deliver an 
address before the World's Evangelical Alliance. 

Some changes have been made in the regulations 
of the college, and a new edition of the hand-book 
of rules is now in print. Those who desire to see 
the changes made will find an amended copy of 
the regulations on the Librarian's desk. 

The rubbish and refuse around the Walker Art 
Building is nearly all cleared away, and the beauty 
and grandeur of this noble structure and its sur- 
roundings are becoming more apparent than ever. 
Everything will be ready, outside and in, for the 
dedication next June. 

"Where can I find Prof Woodruff?" asked a 
'97 man on the opening day, of a group of loungers. 
"His headquarters are always in the Gymnasium," 
promptly answered one, and all kept their faces 
straight while the Freshman hurried over to the 
Gym., and hunted high and low for the Greek pro- 

The '97 pea-nut drunk was not a brilliant success 
from the Freshman point of view. At the sugges- 
tion of upper-classmen a small party attempted to 
celebrate the occasion, on Wednesday night of the 
first week, at a late hour. The Sophomores, in a 
body, were waiting in ambush, and when the jug 
was broken on the chapel steps there ensued a 
scene of consternation and devastation and rout 
which defies description. 

For some years the time-honored horn concert 
has been going out of favor, and indications are not 
a few that the one celebrated on Thursday night of 
the opening week, by '96, will be the last. The 
occasion has lost all of its early significance, and 

has become an out-and-out "scrapping" match 
between the Sophomores and the two upper classes, 
with all the odds against the Sophomores. This 
year the procession started out earlier than usual, 
but with the aid of the hose and the other usual 
accessories it was broken up when about a two- 
thirds circuit of the halls had been made. 

The first themes of the term are due Wednes- 
day, October -Ith. The following subjects are given 
out: Juniors— "The Free Coinage of Silver,'' 
"Should Attendance on College Religious Exercises 
be Compulsory?" and "The Essentials of a Good 
Newspaper." Sophomores—" A Trip to the World's 
Fair," "Do the Societies of Bowdoin Need Chapter 
Houses?" and "George Eliot's 'Silas Marner.'" 

Old Phi Chi, or at least its ghost, made merry 
on the early nights of the term, and a large pro- 
portion of '97 were honored with calls. Pleasing 
and varied entertainment was furnished on the 
various occasions. The dangerous old-time hazing 
spirit is now safely dead at Bowdoin, but the new- 
fledged Sophomores each year have to enjoy a little 
funny business, which the Freshman, if he is wise, 
will enjoy also. This year the upper-classmeu 
were unusually coltish in participating in the fun. 
Of the 87 young men who passed the entrance 
examinations this year, the following are now mem- 
bers of the Freshman class. There are 66 now here, 
and the list may be lengthened. It is an unusually 
large class, and promises well in all departments 
of college work. Those who are now pledged to 
the various fraternities are indicated in the list: 

S. 0. Andros, -J-. T., Gardiner. 

G. S. Bean, A.T., Saco. 

C. L. Blake, Yarmouth. 

E. L. Bodge, e. A. X., North Bridgton. 

F. D. Booker, Brunswick. 
Brett, A. A. *., Auburn. 

M. S. Coggan, Z. *., 
R. H. Clark, 
J. Condon, A. T., 

A. P. Cook, t. T., 
P. W. Davis, i. T., 

E. C. Davis, A. A. *., 

F. H. Dole, 

C. B. Eastman, A. A. *., 

D. W. Elliot, A. A.*., 

B. J. Fitz, e. A. X., 
J. H. B. Fogg, 

H. E. Griffin, *. Y., 
R. S. Hagar, A. A. *., 

Maiden, Mass. 


Berlin Falls, N. H. 







North Bridgton. 






0. L. Hanlon, A. T., 

Berlin Falls, N. H. 

J. G. Haines, A. K. E., 

Patterson, N. Y. 

A. S. Harriman, 


A. V. Hatch, 


H. M. Heald, A. K.E., 


J. L. Hewett, 


John Home, A. T., 

Berlin Falls, N. H. 

C. H. Holmes, A. K. e.. 


K. L. Hull, e. A. X., 


T. C. Koohan, e. A. X., 


F. G. Kneeland, e. A. x., 


C. B. Lamb, 


D. C. Linscott, 


H. D. Lord, A. A. *., 


D. B. McMillan, 


W. C. Merrill, A. K. E., 


J. H. Morse, 0. A. X., 


Frederic Parker, A. T., 

Sherman's Mills. 

0. E. Pease, 


E. F. Pratt, 


E. G. Pratt, *. Y., 


C. W. Procter, . 

North Windham. 

W. A. Purnell, A. T., 


R. S. Randall, 


E. B. Remick, z. -J-., 

West Trenton. 

H. B. Rhines, 


J. E. Rhodes, 


J. P. Russell, A. K. E., 


H. H. Sawyer, 


C. S. Sevvall, A. K. B., 


N. C. Shorden, 


P. A. Stearnes, 0. A. X., 

Lovell Center. 

J. M. Shute, 


F. J. Small, *. Y., 

Old Town. 

D. D. Spear, 


A. Strickland, A. k. e.. 


R. W. Smith, 

Turner Center. 

J. S. Stetson, 


E. K. Tapley, A. Y., 



Frank Thompson,, 


H. W. Varrell, A. K. E., 


E. B. Vining, 


H. S. Warren, -f. Y., 


W. F. White, A. A.$., 


E. Williams, 


D. L. Wormwood, 



The new Yerkes telescope, belonging to the 
University of Chicago, has attracted much attention 
in the Manufactures and Liberal Arts Building at 
the Fair. 


The annual Sophomore foot-ball rush came off 
Friday morning as usual. Newbegin secured the 
ball in the Chapel, but soon lost it, and it was slowly 
forced toward Appleton, Libby holding it the greater 
part of the time. Good work by Bates, aided by sev- 
eral upper-classmen, took the ball to South Appleton, 
but it was soon rushed to the other end of the 
building. Thence it was rapidly driven toward 
the pines and soon reached the open space between 
Maine and Winthrop, where there was a long 
struggle. Finally the crowd moved toward Apple- 
ton again, where, after a lively scrimmage, the ball 
was thrown through an open window to Swan, who 
reached his room with the trophy. 

Throughout the rush Seniors and Juniors were 
in the thickest of the flght, and at times it seemed 
more like a college than a class rush. The time 
was unusually long— 1 hour and 25 minutes. 


The foot-ball game Friday afternoon was 
marked by the usual amount of interference and 
fouls by the upper-classmen, and the usual kick- 
ing and delays on the part of the Sophomores, 
who appeared in all the glory of their war-paint 
about three o'clock, to find the Freshmen in compla- 
cent possession of the mound in the center of the 
field, and guarding two banners contributed by 
some enterpi'ising Juniors. After the Freshmen 
had been induced to rise it was suddenly discovered 
that no one had procured a ball. When this omis- 
sion was remedied Referee Bagley called the game. 

The Freshmen started out well, and after ten 
minutes' play, forced the ball to '95's goal, only to 
be called to the center of the field on account of a 
foul. This was soon repeated, after which '97 
seemed to lose courage and was slowly but steadily 
forced back until Ordway succeeded in kicking the 
ball over the line. It was immediately sent back, 
but Fessenden and Bates took it over again and 
carried it from the field. '97 did not turn out in 
force, but many of her men did good work. 


Sixty-five Freshmen on one end of a rope and 

only forty Sophomores on the other end made the 

tug-o'-war, Saturday, rather devoid of interest as a 

contest, though the futile attempts of '97 to pull out 



the hydrant and various trees, to which the Soph- 
omores attached the rope, caused considerable 
amusement for the crowd. After numerous fouls 
'97 succeeded in securing three pulls, to one for '96. 
Bagley, '94, umpired acceptably, "roasting" both 
sides with delightful impartiality. 
Sophomores, 7; Freshmen, 2. 

The closing event of the ever-eventful first 
week of the term was the Sophomore-Freshman 
ball game on the Delta, Saturday afternoon. The 
usual large crowd was present, and coachers were 
numerous. It was a remarkably pretty and close- 
fought game, all things considered, and was one of 
the best class games for years. 

The '96 boys kept up their good ball record, 
made by defeating '95 in their Freshman game and 
also the several teams they met last spring; while 
the stiff fight put up by the '97 boys, without prac- 
tice together, shows that the class has some fine 
ball material. Until the seventh inning neither 
side could claim the game, the score being 2 to 2, 
but a bunching of their hits, aided by several 
errors, gave the Sophomores five runs. Neither 
side scored again. 

For '96 the best work was done by Coborn at 
the bat and in the field, and by Soule, Dana, and 
Swan in the field. Williams pitched a star game. 
For '97 the features were the work of Sawyer and 
Haines in the points, of White at the bat and in 
center field, of Bodge on first, and of McMillan on 
third. It was a very interesting game to watch, 
and shows that there is plenty of new material for 
the 'Varsity next spring. The score in detail tells 
the story of the game, which was short and full of 
snap on both sides. 


A.B. R. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Cobom, 2b 3 3 3 3 3 3 

Warren, c.l. 4 1 1 

Willard, lb 3 1 1 2 9 1 

Williams, p 4 1 1 3 1 5 

Soule, 3b., 4 4 1 

Dana, s.s., 4 2 1 

Swau, c 3 1 (i 1 

Dane, r.f 4 1 2 

Bailey, l.f 3 1 1 

Totals, 32 7 7 10 27 11 1 


A.B. R. B.H. T.B. P.O A. E. 

Haines, c, 2 7 1 

Warren, 2b 4 2 2 2 

BodKB, lb 4 1 1 fi 

McMillan, 3b 4 1 1 1 2 1 

Hull, l.f 4 

Sawyer, p 4 3 2 1 

Hanlon, s.s 3 1 1 l 

White, c.f 2 1 1 2 3 

Randall, r.f 3 1 1 1 

Totals 30 2 3 424 8 5 


Sopbomores, ...101000, 5 x— 7 
Freshmen, ....00200000 0—2 
Struck out— by Williams, 6; by Sawyer, 6. Bases on 
balls— by Williams, 3; by Sawyer, 2. Three-base hit — 
Williams. Two-base hits — Willard, White. Sacrifice 
hit — Willard. Left on bases — Sophomores, 4; Freshmen, 
4. Time of game— Ih. 30m. Umpire— Fairbanks, '95. 
Scorer— Minot, '96. 


About twenty-five men are at present practicing 
daily, and much new and promising material is 
being developed. The loss of Chapman, '94, at end, 
will, however, seriously cripple the team, and it now 
seems probable that neither Quimby nor Stevens 
will play through the season. Should these three 
men retire it is hard to see where substitutes 
capable of filling their places could be found. 

Dewey, '9.5, will doubtless fill his old position at 
center. Thomas, '94, and Stone, '96, are the most 
promising candidates for guards, though the light- 
ness of the former and the inexperience of the 
latter are against them. Stevens, '94, and Kimball, 
'95, will be the tackles unless Stevens should not 
play. Unless Chapman and Quimby play, Ross, 
'94, Hicks, and Mitchell, '95, will probably cover 
the ends. Captain Fairbanks, Sykes, Stubbs, and 
Bates will play behind the line, and several other 
men, among them Knowlton, Mitchell, '95, and 
Buck, '94, will be tried during the season. 

Games have been arranged as follows : 

October 4th, Andover, at Andover. 

October 11th, Harvard, at Cambridge. 

October 14th, Colby, at Brunswick. 

October 21st, B. A. A., at Boston. 

Another game with Colby, and games with 
Brown, Tufts, Bates, and M. S. C. will probably be 
played, several of them in Brunswick. 

Bowdoin, 10; Exeter, 0. 
The opening game of the foot-ball season was 
played with Exeter, September 30th. Last year, 
Bowdoin won by a score of 26 to 4, but, considering 
the inexperience of several of our men, this year's 
score of 10 to is, ou the whole, encouraging. The 
teams lined up as follows: 

Bowdoin. P. E. A. 


Left End. 

f Ambercrombie. 
1 Hurley. 


Left Tackle. 

( Holmes, 
j Malone. 


Left Guard. 






Right End. 

( Stack. 
\ Doe. 


Right Tackle. 



Right Guard. 





Stubbs. ■ 


i Leahy. 
< Harris. 
( McLane. 






Score — Bowdoin, 10. Touchdowns — Fairbanks, 2. 
Goal from touchdown — Fairbanks. Umpire— Mr. Doring. 
Referee— Mr. Jackson. Time— 40m. 

Bowdoiu had the ball and made four yards on 
the V. Bucking the center repeatedly moved the 
ball steadily down the field, where the ball was lost 
on downs not far from the line. Exeter failed to 
advance the requisite five yards, and Bowdoin soon 
had the ball over the line, Fairbanks scoring the 
touchdown, but failing to kick the goal. After five 
minutes' play, Fairbanks, by a brilliant run of sixty 
yards, scored Bowdoin's second touchdown and 
made the goal. Score: Bowdoiu, 10; Exeter, 0. 
The remainder of the half was indecisive. 

Exeter started with the ball in the second half, 
and carried it to Bowdoin's ten-yard line, where it 
remained for several minutes, both teams playing a 
stubborn game and winning and losing the ball on 
downs. Finally, Bowdoin rushed the ball into 
Exeter's territory, only to lose it and be in turn 
forced back. Throughout this half, the playing 
was very even and neither side scored, though 
twice Exeter was dangerously near our line. 

For Exeter, Bias and Doe put up a strong game. 
Fairbanks made most of the long runs for Bowdoin, 
and scored both touchdowns. Bowdoin's team work 
was weak, and the interference was at times decid- 
edly ragged. Confusion of signals also caused one 
or two losses, though there was but little fumbling. 

Once more it is with bright anticipations that 
the Association enters on its year's work. All 
present indications point to a prosperous year. In 
the first place we had two men at the great North- 
field Conference this summer, who have come back 
full of ideas and enthusiasm. Then, too, our annual 
reception last week was a marked success. About 
a hundred were present, including a large number 
from the Freshman class, and many of the members 
of the Faculty. Each of the latter made a short 
speech, pithy and impressive, commending the work 
of the Association to all and giving cogent reasons 
why all should have a part in it. Their hearty 
encouragement, as expressed in their brief remarks, 
added needed vigor to the enthusiasm of the mem- 
bers, which was further strengthened by the visit of 
Mr. Boots, the College Secretary of the International 
Committee. He held a Cabinet Meeting, consisting 

of the officers and chairmen of committees soon after 
his arrival, and on Thursday gave a talk on the 
work in other colleges before a good audience in the 
Y. M. C. A. rooms. But this is not all that we have 
had to arouse us. Friday, Saturday, and Sunday, 
the Annual State Convention was held in Auburn, 
and about twenty-five delegates were present from 
Bowdoin. On Saturday evening the College Session 
came off, in which addresses were delivered by 
L. H. Roots and L. Wilber Messer, and reports 
made by delegates from the Maine colleges. Here en- 
thusiasm could but be obtained and a determination 
to do the best we can is prevalent throughout the 
Association. A large addition to the membership 
is expected from the Freshman class in place of the 
two or three that graduated last year. The organ- 
ization is good. The best of feeling prevails. The 
standing of the Association in college is high- 
Altogether the prospects of a useful year are 
unusually bright. 

'3I,Medical.— Dr. Hora- 
tio Nelson Page, the well- 
known physician of Chelsea, Mass., 
died of heart trouble, early Saturday 
morning, September 16th, at the home of 
his daughter, Mrs. C. E. Reed, in Milwau- 
kee, Wis., at the advanced age of 87 years 
and 3 months. He was one of the earliest 
graduates of the Medical School. He was born at 
Fryeburg, June 10, 1806, and practiced in Brewer 
before his removal to Chelsea. Two children sur- 
vive him. 

'35, Medical.— Joseph H. North, formerly a well- 
known West Waterville physician, died at Atlantic 
City, N. J., recently, at the age of 82 years. He 
was born in Clinton, and practiced his profession in 
Belgrade for some years. A wife and seven chil- 
dren survive his death, which was the first break 
in the family. 

'41.— George A. Thomas, of Portland, gave a 
reception on September 22d, in honor of the birth- 
day of his guest, Parker Pillsbury. The house was 
prettily decorated with flowers and a fine collation 
was served. 



'42.— Rev. Dr. Hosea H. Smith, of Atlanta, Ga., 
accompanied his son, Secretary Holie Smith, of the 
Interior Department, on the annual inspection trip, 
in July last, to the Indian tribes. Dr. Smith, in his 
journey and at Washington, D. C, saw quite a 
number of Bowdoin graduates and expressed a 
strong desire that he might be able to attend the 
Bowdoin centennial, in company with his son. 

'44. — In the Supreme Court at Portland, August 
10th, a memorial service in honor of Judge Wm. 
Wirt Virgin was held, at which Chief Justice Peters 
and Judge Joseph W. Symonds, '60, were among 
the speakers. 

»47. —Walter Bingham Alden, son of Hon. Hiram 
0. Alden, died in Belfast, his native town, on Sep- 
tember 9th. He was born April 4, 1827. In 1849 
he was admitted to the Waldo County bar, and 
practiced law in company with J. G. Dickerson, 
and later with W. G. Crosby until 1853, when he 
removed to New York, continuing iu his profes- 
sion there and in Boston for several years._ Later 
he returned to Belfast, where he has resided many 
years at the home of his sister, Miss Emily Alden, 
on Court Street. Mr. Alden was a great reader, 
a ready talker, and one of the best informed men in 
the State, but was an invalid for many years, and 
his bodilyinflrmities caused him to withdraw from 
active life. 

'48. — Professor Thomas Hill Rich, of Lewiston, 
died suddenly in that city, July fith. He was boru 
in Bangor in September, 1822, the son of Hosea 
Rich, M.D., of that place, a man eminent in his 
profession. After graduation, Prof. Rich entered 
Bangor Theological School, graduating in 1852. 
He was at once made assistant in Hebrew at the 
Bangor Seminary, but afterwards taught in the 
Eastern Maine Conference Seminary at Bucksport, 
and at the Portland High School. Returning to 
Bangor, he was for six years assistant in Hebrew 
at the seminary there. In 1872 he was called to 
the Hebrew professorship at the Cobb Divinity 
School at Lewiston, and had been in continuous 
service there for twenty-one years. He was en- 
thusiastic and indefatigable as a Hebrew scholar, 
and earnest and successful as a teacher; having 
published various translations from the scriptures 
with exhaustive expositions of the text. He was a 
member of the American Oriental Society, of the 
Society of Biblical Literature and Exegesis, and of 
the Maine Historical Society. 

'49.— Dr. Z. B. Adams, of Framingham, Mass., 
who enjoys a very high reputation as a medical 
practitioner and writer, was, though a pronounced 

Republican, one of the four physicians selected by 
Governor Russell to represent the State at the great 
Pan-American Medical Congress in Washington, in 

'52. — Ex-President J. L. Chamberlain spent a 
portion of the summer iu cruising along the Maine 
coast in his yacht. 

'54. — The class of '54 has issued a circular, under 
date of July 29th, containing a list of the class, liv- 
ing and dead, a reminder of the fortieth anniver- 
sary of its graduation, and the following notice of 
the late Charles F. Todd, a member of the class : 
"Charles Frederick Todd, of St. Stephen, New 
Brunswick, died at his home on the thirteenth inst., 
aged 57 years. His last illness was long and pain- 
ful. Our late brother was born at St. Stephen in 
the year 1834, and received his preparation for 
college in part at North Yarmouth Academy in this 
State. He married Miss Anna M. Porter, of St. 
Stephen, on the fifth day of August, A. D. 1855, 
and she now survives him, as do several children, 
all of whom had the privilege of being with their 
father at the close of his life. Brother Todd is 
remembered by his classmates as a Christian gen- 
tleman during bis student life, and after graduation 
his work in life was within the same noble lines. 
Married the year after graduation, he at once 
entered actively upon a business career as a manu- 
facturer of lumber, owner of timber lands, farmer, 
and stock raiser at the Nortb, and had also an ex- 
tensive property at St. James City, on the Gulf of 
Mexico, in the State of Florida. The wealth which 
his intelligent labors gave him he expended freely 
for the development of the country and for the 
moral and intellectual advancement of his fellow- 
men. Brother Todd's record is a precious legacy 
to his family and friends." 

'.58. — The success of the splendid celebration in 
Washington, September 18th, on the occasion of 
celebrating the centennial of the laying of the 
corner-stone of the capitol, was due in a very large 
degree to General Ellis Spear-, who is held in high 
esteem as one of the foremost citizens in our na- 
tional capital. 

'65.— Hon. J. A. Locke was admitted to the 
chapter of the Royal Order of Scotland for the 
United States, at its meeting in Chicago, on Mon- 
day, September 18th. 

'68 and '89.— Ex-Attorney-General Orville D. 
Baker, of Augusta, and Frank L. Staples, of Bath, 
have formed a law partnership, with an office in 



72.— Judge A. P. Wiswell is holding a term of 
court at Alfred. 

73.— The Class of 73 celebrated the twentieth 
anniversary of its graduation, Thursday evening, 
June 22d, from 8.30 to 12.30. Caterer Robinson, of 
Portland, served an elegant supper in Room 20, 
Maine Hall, and the following sat down to it: 
N. D. A. Clark, E. J. Cram, J. L. Elder, J. F. Elliot, 

F. A. Floyd, P. W. Hawthorne, A. E. Herrick, 

G. E. Hughes, A. F. Moulton, D. A. Robinson, 
F. C. Robinson, D. W. Snow, F. S. Waterhouse, 
F. A. Wilson. The evening was passed in pleasant 
recollection of college days, and was much enjoyed 
by all. Twenty years had whitened and removed 
the hair from many heads, but in feelings all were 
as young as ever. It was voted to have another 
reunion nest year in connection with the celebra- 
tion of the college centennial. The following is the 
list of living members, and their places of resi- 
dence, and occupation: L. F. Berry, Ottumwa, 
Iowa, clergyman; A. J. Boardman, Minneapolis, 
Minn., broker; J. M. Boothby, Dubuque, Iowa, phy- 
sician ; H.W. Chapman, Lakeport, Cal., clergyman; 
N. D. A. Clark, Lynn, Mass., lawyer; E. J. Cram, 
Biddeford, Me., Judge of Municipal Court; A. L. 
Crocker, Minneapolis, Minn., steam engineering; 

B. T. Deeriug, Paris, France, physician; J. L. 
Elder, Deering, Me., lawyer and judge; J.F.Elliot, 
Hyde Park, Mass., teacher; F. A. Floyd, Brewer, Me., 
lawyer; R. E. Gould, Biddeford, Me., superintendent 
public schools; F. M. Hatch, Honoluki, Sandwich 
Islands, lawyer; Frank W. Hawthorne, Jackson- 
ville, Fla., editor; A. E. Herrick, Bethel, Me., law- 
yer; H. B. Hill, Augusta, Me., physician; G. E. 
Hughes, Bath, Me., lawyer: A. G. Ladd, Great 
Falls, Mont., physician; J. N. Lowell, Haverhill, 
Mass, clergyman; A. F. Moulton, Portland, Me., 
lawyer ; G. S. Mower, Newberry, S. C, lawyer ; 
W. G. Reed, HoUiston, Mass., physician; A. F. 
Richardson, Castine, Me., principal Castine Normal 
School; D. A. Robinson, Bangor, Me., physician; 
F. C. Robinson, Brunswick, Me., professor Chem- 
istry, Bowdoin College; C. C. Sampson, Tilton, N. 
H., clergyman ; D. W. Snow, Portland, Me., lawyer: 

C. M. Walker, San Francisco, Cal., teacher; F. S. 
Waterhouse, Portland, Me., lawyer; P. E. Whitney, 
Oakland, Cal., lawyer; F. A. Wilson, Andover, 
Mass., clergyman; A. P. Wiswell, Ellsworth, Me., 
Judge Supreme Court of Maine. 

75._WilliamE. Hatch, superintendentof schools 
at New Bedford, Mass., met with a sad bereave- 
ment August 3d, at Niagara Falls. With his wife 
knd two step-daughters he was driving across the 

New York Central Railroad track, when the car- 
riage was struck by a train and the occupants were 
thrown out, Mrs. Hatch being killed almost instantly, 
and the others severely injured. The party was on 
a return trip from the World's Fair at the time. 

76.— Arlo Bates, whose appointment to the 
professorship of English Literature at the Massa- 
chusetts Institute of Technology was recently an- 
nounced, has resigned the editorship of the Boston 

'83.— J. I. Dinsmore, who has recently returned 
from studying in Greece, is now principal of Lincoln 

'85. — John A. Waterman and Miss Emma C. 
Shirley were married in Portland, July 29th. They 
will make their home in Gorham, Me. 

'89.— Lincoln J. Bodge and Miss Josephine F. 
King were married at South Paris, July 18th. 

'89. — Frank L. Staples, of Bath, has been ap- 
pointed one of the commissioners of the Richmond 
Savings Bank. 

'91.— S. H. Erskine is teaching, Rutland (Vt.), 

'91.— F. W. Dudley is teaching in Hollis, N. H. 

'91. — E. H. Newbegin, of Defiance, 0., who 
was admitted to the bar last spring, will enter the 
Episcopal Theological School at Cambridge, Mass., 
this fall. 

'92. — U. W. Poore is teaching in a family school 
at Concord, Mass. 

'92.— Wm. B. Kenniston is coming to the Bow- 
doin Medical School this winter. 

'93.— F. R. Arnold is teaching in Soutbbridge, 

'93, _S. 0. Baldwin is in business in Boston. 

'93. — B. F. Barker will enter the Bowdoin Medi- 
cal School this year. 

'93.— Charles C. Bucknam is studying law with 
Judge Cleaves, Portland. 

'93. — Elmer H. Carleton is physical director at 

'93, _W. P. Chamberlain has entered Harvard 
Medical School. 

'93._George S. Chapin is at his home in Auburn- 
dale, Mass. 

'93.— M. S. Clifford is assistant editor of the 
Bangor Commercial. 

'93.— H. C. Fabyan is studying law with Symonds, 
Cook & Snow, Portland. 



'93. — H. S. Emery is at his home iu Buxton. 

'93.— R. R. Goodell is about to go to France for 
study of the French language. 

'93. — A. S. Haggett has entered on a four years' 
course in Greek, Latin, and Sanscrit, at Johns 

'93. — C. H. Howard has entered Andover Theo- 
logical Seminary. 

'93. — A. A. Hussey has entered Columbia Medi- 
cal School. 

'93. — A. S. Hutchinson is teaching in Pough- 
keepsie, N. Y. 

'93. — Alley R. Jenks is studying law in Wilson's 
ofBce iu Houlton. 

'93. — A. M. Jones is principal of the Cornish 
High School. 

'93. —J. W. Lambert is principal of an interme- 
diate school in Bath. 

'93.— G. W. McArthur is now at the World's 
Fair. On his return he will be at his home in Bid- 

'93.— Herbert L. McCann has been preaching at 
Pittston and South Gardiner this summer, and now 
returns to Bangnr Theological Semiuary to com- 
plete his course. 

'93. — George S. Machan has been at Wood's Moll 
this summer and is to be assistant in Biology tliis 

'93. — John Shepard May is at his home in 
Augusta. He is to go into the shoe business with 
his father and brother. 

'93. — B. A. Owen is receiving clerk for McDon- 
ald & Co., Water Street, Chicago, 111. 

'93.— Richard C. Payson is at his home in 

'93.— Clarence W. Peabody is studying law with 
his father in Portland. 

'93. — J. H. Pierce has entered the Harvard Law 

'93.— Charles H. Savage is reading law with his 
father in Auburn.- 

'93. — Fred M. Shaw is teaching at White Rock. 

'93.— Philip M. Shaw is at his home in Gorham. 

'93. — George W. Shay is teaching in Patten 

'93. — Henry M. Wilder is taking a course in 
electrical engineering at Maine State College. 

►ollege \©opId. 

Engraved on his cuffs 

Were the Furies and Fates, 

And a delicate map of tlie Dorian states, 

And they found in liis palms, which were hollow, 

What is frequent in palms, — that is, dates. 

— Unlversitij . 
Cornell University will celebrate its twenty-fifth 
anniversary this month. 

There are 430 colleges in the United States with 
122,523 students. 

The members of Greek-letter fraternities in the 
colleges number 77,000. 

The University of Hliuois opened on the 11th of 
September with an increase of over two hundred in 

Last year the United States spent $155,000,000 
for education, while Great Britain spent $35,000,000, 
and France only $25,000,000. 

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Vol. XXIII. 


No. 7. 





F. W. PiCKARD, '94, Managing Editor. 

F. J. LiBBY, '94, Assistant Managing Editor. 

B. L. Bryant, '95, Business Manager. 

H. E. Andrews, '94. A. G. Wiley, '95. 

E. M. Simpson, '94. J. C. Minot, '96. 

H. W. Thayer, '95. H. H. Pierce, '96. 

J. E. Dunning. 

Per annum, in advance. 
Single Copies, 

. $2.00. 
15 Cents. 

E.xtra copies can be obtained at the ijooli.stores or ou applica- 
tion to the Business Manager. 

Remittances should be made to the BusinessManager. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to coritribuie 
literary articles, persouals, aud items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Rhyme and Reason Department should be 
sent to Box 6, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should be sent to Box 140, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post-OfBce at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 


Vol. XXIII., No. 7.— October 18, 1893. 

Editorial Notes, 121 

Bowdoin's Foot-Ball Record 123 

Do the Societies at Bowdoin Need Chapter-Houses ? 125 

Are Chapter-Houses Desirable '? 125 

Proposed Yells, - ... 126 

The Pessioptimist, 127 

Rhyme and Reason: 

Different, 127 

The Passing of Summer, 127 

Gloom 128 

On the Shore, 128 

Collegii Tabula 128 

Athletics, 131 

Personal 132 

Book Reviews 133 

College World 133 

It was our pleasure a few days ago 
to escort about the campus a gentleman 
who graduated from Bowdoin in the early 
seventies, and who had not visited the 
college since the summer of 'eighty-nine. 
Those of us who have spent several years 
in Brunswick, and who have seen the com- 
pletion of the Observatory, the renovation 
of Maine Hall, the erecting of the Walker 
Art Building, the beginnings of the Searles 
Building, and the numerous minor changes 
constantly being made in the campus apd 
buildings, can have but little idea of the 
effect of the whole series of improvements 
on one who views them all at once for the 
first time. Our friend chatted pleasantly 
of the college as it was in his day, but 
for all his happy humor we could not but 
feel glad that our good fortune brought us 
to Bowdoin in the days of her added pros- 

IN VIEW of the present dilapidated appear- 
ance of the reading-room, the annual edi- 
torial scoring the students in general, and 
the manager of the delinquent institution in 
particular, seems about due. It may be put- 
ting it too strongly to say that the condition 
of affairs is worse than eve'r before, but it is 
certainly far worse than it should be. The 
"swiping" element seems to have full con 



trol, and illustrated papers which are placed 
on file in the morning are sure to be missing 
by noon. Harper's Weekhj, one of the most 
popular of the papers taken, we have been 
able to find exactly once this term, and Puck 
and Judge seldom survive more than a day. 
We say nothing of the discomfort and 
lack of arrangement of the reading-room 
itself, as that is a minor evil compared to the 
annoyance of searching for papers that have 
been unceremoniously carried off, and of find- 
ing the few that are left in such a mutilated 
condition that before commencing an article 
one must assure himself that the latter part 
is not missing. We trust that a decided 
improvement is close at hand. 

FRATERNITY houses are one of the few 
distinctive features of college life which 
are not found at Bowdoin. Thus far the 
various chapters have not been compelled to 
erect* or lease houses simply because no 
fraternity cared to initiate the custom, which 
naturally would entail a large outlay. Two 
brief articles appear in this number in 
regard to the desirability of cha[)ter-houses, 
one writer expressing himself as opposed to 
their introduction, the other qualifiedly in 
favor. The question is a live one. Every 
fraternity represented here looks forward to 
the day when it shall own its own house, 
and all realize that as soon as the ice is 
broken by one society others are bound to 
follow the example. Later in the term we 
shall have more to say on this subject, and 
now merely suggest that if any of our 
readers have decided ideas on the matter we 
should be glad to hear from them, especially 
if the ideas are in any degree novel. 

college as it is to-day with the Bowdoin of 
ten years ago makes her growth in buildings, 
funds, and students very apparent. The mere 
statement of the numbers in the various 
classes well merits attention. The following 
figures are taken from the catalogues of 
1883-4 and 1893-4 : 

18S3-4. 1893-4. 

Academical Faculty, 13 17 

Seniors, 2,5 47 

Juniors, 2f) .52 

Sophomores, 22 51 

Freshmen, 34 66 

Special students, 1 4 

Total, 108 220 

Medical students, .94 97 

Total, 202 317 

From the above it will be seen that ten years 
has witnessed an increase of over one hun- 
dred per cent, in the academical department, 
while the Medical School has more than held 
its own. 

0LD Bowdoin's steady growth during the 
past few years has gladdened the hearts 
of her alumni, her faculty, and her num- 
berless friends alike. A comparison of the 

FOOT-BALL has come to Bowdoin to 
stay. As the athletic feature of the fall 
term it is without a rival and will remain 
so. But before we can improve sufficiently 
to cope with the larger colleges on even 
terms, we must make a considerable improve- 
ment. The game cannot be learned in a 
3'ear, and a green man, even carefully 
coached, is proverbially unreliable. Now, 
Bowdoin has had very few years' experience, 
but she showed conclusively last year that 
she has made good use of her limited oppor- 

Nothing will help along the cause like 
class games. Once let the classes take hold 
of the matter and double the number of 
men now at work will appear for practice, 
and more or less future 'Varsity men may 
be developed. At least, the games would 
be interesting and exciting. 

But the number of men brought out who 
would subsequently make the first or second 
eleven is merely one of the advantages to be 



looked at. One great trouble is that the 
Freshman candidates know nothing of the 
game, and to obviate this difficulty involves 
introducing the game into the high schools 
and academies of the State. If, by means of 
class games, double the number of men now- 
playing acquire a practical knowledge of the 
game, so that when they (as many of them 
will) are teaching they can organize and 
systematically coach a school team, the de- 
sired end will be attained and Bowdoin will 
have the chief obstacle to her foot-ball suc- 
cess effectually removed. 

The question of winning or losing should 
not be considered. It is an honor to win, 
but it is no disgrace to lose. If a man plays 
well he gets due credit for it, whether he be 
on the winning or losing side. 

TITHE foot-ball management has been suc- 
-*■ cessful in its attempt to secure Mr. 
Henry H. Ragan, the well-known lecturer, 
for Thursday evening. Mr. Ragan's ability 
as a lecturer is too well known in Brunswick 
to need comment from us. We trust that 
every man in college will attend, and we 
can assure all that they will not regret 
it. The subscriptions to foot-ball this year 
are not what they should be, and the finan- 
cial result of this lecture may determine 
whether two games or three will be played 
in Brunswick this fall. 

Bowdoin's Foot-Ball Record. 

TITHE fall of 1889 saw Bowdoin's first sj's- 
"*■ tematic attempt at foot-ball. Early in 
the fall term a mass-meeting of the students 
was held in Memorial, officers were elected, 
and a subscription paper circulated. Two 
weeks after, the team met Tufts's experienced 
eleven, at Portland, and played a strong, 
plucky game, losing 8 to 4. Both of Tufts's 
touchdowns were scored in the first ten 

minutes, after which time Bowdoin's play 
steadily improved until W. Hilton, '91, scored 
a touchdown in the latter part of the half. 
During the second half neither side scored, 
though Bowdoin had the ball on Tufts's ten- 
yard line when time was called. Haskell 
captained the team. November 2d, a game 
was played on the delta with the Boston 
Latin School eleven, who were easily defeated, 
44 to 0. Mackie, now guard on the Harvard 
eleven, did the best work for the Boston 
boys. On the following Saturday, Bates 
sent down a team of which Garcelon, now 
one of Harvard's crack sprinters and hurd- 
lers, was the star. The game was a veritable 
picnic for Bowdoin, and a score of 62 points 
was easily run up. Packard, E. Hilton, and 
Downes did the best work for our men. 
This closed the season, as a snow-storm pre- 
vented a game on Thanksgiving Day with 

Summary of the Season. 

Games Won. Points Won. 

Bowdoiu, .... 2 110 

Opponents, .... 1 8 

Emerson Hilton, '91, was elected captain 
of the team the succeeding year. The season 
was opened auspiciously by the admission of 
Bowdoin to the New England Intercollegiate 
Foot-Ball Association. A game with the 
West Roxburys, on October 15th, resulted 
in an easy victory for Bowdoin, 44-6. On 
October 25th, we met Harvard and were 
defeated 54-0, putting up a game that was 
creditable to college and team. Indeed it 
was current talk in Cambridge that physically 
the Bowdoin eleven was decidedly superior. 
At one time in the game, Bowdoin had the 
ball on Harvard's five-yard line, but lost it 
there through inability of the line to hold 
their men. 

The league games were disastrous. Dart- 
mouth defeated us, 42-0, and Williams re- 
peated the dose in an even worse way, 50-0. 
Bowdoin showed no team play and did not 
tackle sharply. The Amherst game was for- 



felted, as Manager Bangs did not have suffi- 
cient funds at his disposal to make another 
trip, but Tech., in turn, forfeited to us, thus 
giving Bowdoin fourth place, as Tech. did 
not win a game. 

Shortly after the close of the league 
season, a game was played with a picked 
team, mostly made up of Boston players, 
which Bowdoin won, 30-10. The final game 
was the closest and, in some respects, the 
best of the year. The Andover team was 
our opponent, and was defeated, 12-0. In 
the second half neither side scored. 


Games Won. Points Won. 

3 86 

3 162 


The season of 1891 opened gloomily. We 
were dropped from the league, we had lost 
many of our best players, and there seemed 
to be but little first-class foot-ball material 
in college. Bartlett, '92, was elected captain, 
and Young, '92, manager. The opening game 
with Exeter we lost, 24-10, Fairbanks and 
Stacey carrying off the honors for Bowdoin, 
but hopes of a winning team were revived 
by the defeat of Brown at Portland, the 
next Saturday, 22-18, after an intensely 
exciting game. But we were not allowed to 
exult long over our victory as, October 24th, 
Brown beat us, 18-0, at Providence. The 
game with Harvard, October 28th, was a 
revelation of poor playing and accidents. 
Harvard easily ran up a score of 78, and only 
once did Bowdoin have a possible chance to 
score. Carleton alone seemed to be able to 
make gains, though in the second half our 
rush line played pluckily. The last game 
was played with Tufts, and for a second 
time the Massachusetts men were victors, 
this time by a score of 18 to 16. Haskell 
and Chapman put up a beautiful game for 
Bowdoin, and Carleton and Bartlett excelled 
behind the line. There was plenty of slug- 

ging throughout and the contest was excit- 
ing in the extreme. The lead kept alternat- 
ing, but with the score 16-12 in our favor, 
and only twelve minutes to play, it seemed 
like a victory; but, four minutes before time 
was called, Tufts pushed the ball over the 
line and Bowdoin's season had ended in a 


Games Won. Points Won. 

BowdoiD, .... 1 48 

Opponents, .... 4 156 

After the season of the regular team was 
finished, class games were suggested and 
two games were played. '92 and '93 played 
in a heavy rain storm, November 11th, and, 
after a fierce struggle, Carleton succeeded 
in taking the ball over twice, tieing the 
score, 16-16. The game between '94 and 
'95 also resulted in a tie, although Chapman, 
Ross, and Stevens, '94's best men, were 
unable to jilay. Hinkley, Fairbanks, and 
Kimball did the most brilliant work. 

The grand lecord made by our last year's 
eleven is still fresh in all our minds. Exeter, 
on October 1st, proved easy victims for the 
team, 26-4. A game with Westbrook Sem- 
inary resulted in a score of 56-0 in our 
favor. Colby sent her team to Brunswick, 
October 15th, only to return defeated, 56-0, 
and West Roxbury was unable to score 
while Bowdoin was piling up 38 points. 

On October 22d, Bowdoin added another 
to her list of victories, defeating Andover, 
36-0, and on October 25th met the B. A. A. 
team in Boston in a tie game, 10-10, a sub- 
stantial victory for our men and one ap- 
proached by few college teams during the 

The second game with Colby resulted 
24-4 in our favor after thirty minutes' play. 
The final game of the season, played at Prov- 
idence with Brown University, was won by 
our team, 8-0, after a stubborn contest, a 



fitting end to Bowdoiu's most successful 
foot-ball season. 


Games Won. Points Won. Tie Games. 
Bowdoin, . . 7 252 1 

Opponents, . . 18 1 

Do the Societies at Bowdoin 
Need Cliapter-Houses? 

MY IDEAL of a chapter-house is a build- 
ing where the members of the society 
owning it may find rooming accommodations, 
meals, and the other requisites which go 
with a four-years' course in college; where 
the society may have a hall ; and where the 
alumni of the fraternity may stay if visiting 
the college. Such a house would be very 
convenient, and, to the society member, 
much more homelike than the present nnan- 
ner of living. But is such accommodation 
needed at Bowdoin ? 

At the present time the members of the 
different societies occupy rooms furnished 
by the college. The several societies, are 
more or less settled in the different " ends " 
of the college dormitories, but their men are 
not all able to get rooms where the majority 
of the fraternity is, and consequently are 
scattered through the other "ends." For 
the sake of being together at meal time, 
each society has boarding quarters where 
board is obtained on the club system by the 
members. The alumni are welcomed to 
whatever accommodations their societ}' fur- 
nishes its members. 

Situated thus, all the men in the college 
are associated with each other much more 
than they would be if each society had 
its chapter house; and the chance of nour- 
ishing society prejudices is much less than it 
could be with the separation from the other 
men which such houses would bring. The 
benefit derived from social chat at table is 
as great under the present system as it would 
be in a chapter-house dining-hall. 

In summing up these three features of 
the question, the accommodation to be fur- 
nished the visiting alumni is the only one 
that would be improved materially by chapter- 

So far, I have considered only the advan- 
tages which chapter-houses would be to the 
society men. There is another side. The 
bulk of the money which passes from the 
student to the college is for rent of the 
rooms. Non-society men constitute but a 
small proportion of the students here. If 
all the others were settled in the chapter- 
houses of their respective fraternities there 
would be no need of all the dormitory room 
that we have, and a very considerable part 
of the cash receipts of the college would go 
into other hands. 

When I consider that Bowdoin's men are 
not the richest class of college students, and 
that the alumni would have to bear, in a 
great measure, the expense of building the 
chapter-houses; when I bear in mind the 
fact that one of the greatest benefits derived 
from an education in a small college is the 
advantage of being on familiar terms with 
half, or even two-thirds, of all its students, 
I do not believe that Bowdoin needs chapter, 
houses. Society feeling runs high enough 
now; we do not want anything that will 
increase it. For Harvard or Yale, society 
chapter-houses are all right ; for Bowdoin 
they should be thought of only together with 
a Freshman class of two hundred men. 

Are Cliapter- Houses Desirable? 
""TVO WE need chapter-houses at Bow. 
■L' doin?" has been many times asked 
and much discussed. While at first there 
would seem to be but one answer, yet upon 
closer examination it appears that there are 
to this, as to all questions, two sides. At 
first thought every society man would say 
emphatically that it would be better if each 



of the different fraternities had a chapter- 
house; and there is much to uphold this 

It is natural for bodies of men closely 
united to wish to be by themselves, safe 
from the intrusion of outsiders, and this 
applies well to the Greek-letter fraternities. 
To be sure, each society has come to feel that 
it has almost an exclusive right to some one 
of the "ends" of the college dormitories, and 
most of the members of that society are 
grouped together in that "end." But this 
is not wholly the case, and while each 
society intends to hold and occupy all the 
rooms in its "end," accidents will happen, 
and men of otlier societies, or non-society 
men, will get in. This makes it vm pleasant 
in a certain measure for all concerned. 

All men and all societies do not wish, 
nor are they satisfied with, the same degree 
of comfort. Now if each society lived in its 
own chapter-house it could build and fit up 
the house according to its own means and 
desires, while in college dormitories every 
man must take things about as he finds 
them, and in those buildings which have not 
been remodeled the rooms can hardly be 
called comfortable during the cold months 
of the year. Again, in the unrepaired "ends '.' 
there are none of the conveniences, such as 
water and steam heat, while in a chapter- 
house these things could be regulated by the 
desires of the occupants. 

On the other hand, there is less respon- 
sibility and bother about living in the dor- 
mitories. If a window is broken, a door 
smashed, or the plastering shaken down, 
there is no one responsible for it, but each 
member of the college pays his share towards 
repairing the damage. 

If each society lived by itself in a chajDter- 
house the tendency would be for the men to 
associate more exclusively than now with the 
members of their own society, and this 
might be a detriment to college spirit. 

Besides, when each society had removed to 
its own house the non-society men would 
feel rather alone and deserted. So it seems 
really to be a question whether it would be 
better for each society to have a chapter- 
house; with the weight of evidence perhaps 
a little on the side of the answer " Yes." 

Proposed Yells. 

WE GIVE below a few yells which have 
been proposed in response to oft-re- 
peated requests for a college yell : 


B-o-w-d-o-i-n, Rah, Rah, Rah, 
B-o-w-d-o-i-n, Rah, Rah, Rah, 
B-o-w-d-o-i-n, Rah, Rah, Rah. 


Brachy Ko Acks, 
Ko rah, Ko rah, 
Bowdoin, Bowdoin, 
Rah, Rah, Rah. 


Bowdoin, Bowdoin, Bowdoin, 
Bowdoin, Bowdoin, Bowdoin, 
Bowdoin, Bowdoin, Bowdoin. 


Rah, Rah, Rah, 

Rah, Rah, Rah, 

Rah, Rah, Rah, 



Hoop 'er up. Hoop 'er up, 
Hoop 'er up to date, 
Hoop 'er up for Bowdoin, 
In the Pine Tree State. 

Ha! Ha!! Hah!!! Bowdoin! 

Rah — rah — rah ! ' Rah — rah — rah ! 

Bowdoin! Bowdoin! 

Orient ! Bugle ! Brunswick ! Bowdoin ! 

Tik-tol. Tik-tol. 

A — yin waw, 

Bowdoin — Bowdoin, 

Rah, Rah, Rah! 



'§^0 ^e§§ioptimi§t. 

WILL the coming winter be a "social" 
one is the question already beginning 
to agitate the minds of those students who 
enjoy the delights of reception and dance, 
and the company of the fair maids of Bruns- 
wick and the adjacent municipalities. Last 
winter was one of almost absolute quiet in 
so far as social events were concerned, and 
while everybody bewailed the lack of life, 
and talked about the happy times when such 
and such a class was in college, that was 
about as far as the thing went and the stu- 
dents and the F. M. of B., etc., above men- 
tioned, kept to their dens in Quaker-like 
sobriety, while the orchestras and ice-cream 
men went broke and swore sapphire streaks 
in sheer despair. Now nobody wants to see 
a repetition of that awful state, and it is to 
be hoped that the Thanksgiving recess will 
see plenty of "sassiety" events on the list of 
probabilities, and that the Pessioptimist may 
have a chance at last to wear the 29-cent 
red neck-scarf that has wasted its double- 
forte redness in a bottom bureau drawer for 
simple lack of opportunity to be sprung. 
* * * « 

Thinking people of Maine and New Eng- 
land watch with interest the progress of 
the various institutions of learning within 
their borders, and are quick to note any 
change of course or policy on the part of 
students or faculty. They are enabled to do 
this through the medium of the daily and 
weekly newspapers, which now reach every 
home as regularly as does the sunlight. 
It is probable that many Bowdoin men are 
on the correspondent list of various New 
England journals, and that they are expected 
to " send in " all matters of interest pertain- 
ing to the college life. Well, let them be 
sure they do it. They have a duty to per- 

form to the college as well as to the manag- 
ing editor. Keep Bowdoin in the papers, 
let the people know that we are alive, the 
best college in the State, with a course of 
study that is far ahead of many so-called 
"universities"; tell them about our new 
buildings, and the foot-ball work, and the 
new courses; give them all they'll stand, 
keep the pot a-boiling — -and watch the result. 

The Passing of Summer. 

Pair Summer lingers in the woodlands, 
And bathes the heights in ruddy glow. 
Far on the suuny, piercing summits, 
She S'tandeth wavering, loath to go. 

With tender eyes and tearful longing 
She sees the paths where once she strayed, 
And now with clear, sad voice is calling 
The winds with which her childhood played. 

But they are dead and heed no longer 
The loving voice which for them grieves ; 
Her ears but catch a plaintive music, 
The melody of falling leaves. 

She sees the vordui-e withering, dying, 
That found its being in her smile. 
The trees that blossomed 'neath her fingers 
Are slumb'ring for a little wbile. 

The birds have, diiys ago, fled southward, 
Their nests deserted, lonely hang. 
Still keeping in their dainty weaving 
The mem'ry of the songs they sang. 

She folds her mantle close about her 
As chilling northern breezes blow, 
And whispers, as she glances backward, 
" The world is dying, I will go." 


'Twixt Bartlett pears and bridal pairs 
The difference soon is seen. 
The latter kind, time out of mind, 
Are softest when they're green. 





Midnight gloom ; 
In dismal tomb 
Freshmen stand, 
Their hearts quaking 
And knees shaking ; 
Death at hand ! 

Twilight gloom 
In Senior room ; 
Comes command : 
" For such raising 
Of cain, hazing, 
Flee the land ! " 


Evening gloom 

In Sophomore's room ; 

Hazers stand 

Their trunks packing 

And brains racking; 

Home at hand ! 

On the Shore. 

I stand and list to the water's roar. 

Or watch the flakes of foam 

That float, the splashing waves before, 

And with each ripple come ; 

And as I gaze I can but feel 

A hidden power that makes me thrill ; 

While listening, I seem to hear, 

Half wasted ere they reach ray ear, 

Whispers from the ages gone. 

For, long as time is known to be, 

This same resistless tide 

Has rolled and tossed, as now we see, 

Along each nation's side; 

Has seen great cities rise and fiill. 

And heard the ancient .spearman's call ; 

Has flowed when mighty deeds were done 

And swelled when victories were won. 

And ebbed when heroes died. 

And still again I bend my ear 

To the heaving waters cold, 

To see, indeed, if I may hear 

The tales they would unfold. 

And still there comes that endless moan. 

The fretting of the waves alone, 

That glances through the angry chime. 

Like echoes down the gulf of time 

From the immortal deeds of old. 

L. W. S., in a recent issue 
of the Portland Argus, takes 
the standpoint of the Bowdoin student 
and makes a vigorous appeal to the 
Maine Central management for a new 
station at Brunswick. His pen is never 
gently used, and in this article he brings up some 
novel and convincing arguments. Every Bowdoin 
man will heartily second his plea for a new station. 

Thompson, '94, is on a trip to the World's Fair. 

Webber has snapped some good groups of the 
foot-ball men. 

All the eating clubs are situated at the same 
places as last year with the exception of the e a x 
Club, which is now on Cleveland Street. 

French, '95, is teaching at Norway. He will 
return in two or three weeks. 

President Hyde started Saturday, October 7th, 
for a two weeks' trip to Chicago. 

Isn't it about time for '96 and '97 to commence 
practice for their foot-ball game ? 

Several of '94's star geologists have been journey- 
ing to the Topsham quarries recently. 

The annual catalogue is now in the hands of the 
printer and will be out in a few weeks. 

There was the usual wholesale cut on the Satur- 
day morning after the society initiations. 

The Seniors are preparing abstracts of Berkeley, 
Locke and Descartes for President Hyde. 

A box filled with Bowdoin boys was a feature of 
the recent presentation of " The Fencing Master " 
at Lewiston. 

Dana, '94, who has been suff'ering from a badly 
injured foot, came back last week, still being 
obliged to use a cane. 

Ex-President General J. L. Chamberlain, who 
was on the campus last week, is the most distin- 
guished of recent visitors. 

Hinkley, '94, is on a three weeks' trip to Minne- 
apolis, where he represents Theta Chapter at the 
annual national convention of the A. K. E. fraternity. 

'Ninety-three is greatly missed on the tennis 
courts, and for the most part quantity rather than 



quality seems to be the rule in the tennis line 
this fall. 

It was rather rough on the Bowdoin Junior 
who, during a Saturday night visit to Lewiston and 
Auburn, was arrested on the suspicion of being an 

The campus trees are now well divested of their 
foliage, and the annual harvest and cremation of 
the leaves by Professor Booker and his assistants is 
under way. 

Eastman, '96, entertained a party of Portland 
friends very pleasantly last Saturday. A Portland 
caterer was on hand and in all respects it was a 
delightful social affair. 

Frequent extemporaneous composition work by 
the Sophomores in connection with the study of 
Rhetoric is an innovation with most pleasing results, 
made by Mr. Mitchell. 

The enthusiasm in tennis is unusually high for 
the fall season, and nearly every day the courts are 
well occupied. It is thought that '97 will develop 
some experts in this line. 

The Sophomore French division, which includes 
nearly the whole class, is at work upon Fontaine's 
"Les Prosateurs Fran§ais du xix' Si6cle," and is 
doing considerable outside reading. 

Professor Chapman was away most of last week 
in attendance upon the American Board of Foreign 
Missions. His place in conducting the chapel exer- 
cises was ably filled by Professor McDonald. 

Bryant, '94, has been elected leader of the Banjo 
and Guitar Club. The outlook for this organization 
is good, as there is a large number of able candi- 
dates, and the necessary enthusiasm is not lacking. 

Treasurer Young intends to start for Europe 
soon with his family, and his informal reception 
last Friday evening was the opening social event of 
the season. Quite a number of the students were 
honored with invitations. 

About a dozen Bowdoin men saw Colby defeat 
the Portland High School team in Portland last 
Saturday. The score, 4-2, shows that the light 
school team played good foot-ball. Their first game 
with Colby resulted in a tie, 0-0. 

A new Bowdoin pin has appeared. This time it 
is of the pennant style. There seems to be a 
demand in college for either a new pin or for more 
of the old kind, as the supply seems to have given 
out. The suggestion of a white pennant with gold 
letters is a good one. 

The Thanksgiving recess is quite far ahead, 
but the Freshmen are already setting the wheels of 
their brains to work to grind out a good yell for 
permanent use during their course. They are in 
search of something rattling and racy, and con- 
taining a good rhyme for 'ninety-seven. 

At the annual meeting of the Democratic club 
last week the following oflScers were elected for the 
ensuing year: President, Bagley, '94; Vice-Presi- 
dent, G. L. Kimball, '95; Secretary, Holmes, '95; 
Treasurer, Bates, '96; Executive Committee, Bag- 
ley, '94; Holmes, '95; Haskell, '95; Dewey, '95; 
and Pierce, '96. 

The second themes of the term are due to-day. 
The following subjects were given out: Juniors: 
The Labor Troubles at Auburn. Should French be 
Required in the Examinations for Bowdoin? Thack- 
eray's "Henry Esmond." Sophomores: A New Eng- 
land Fair. Should the College Library be Open on 
Sunday? Mrs. Browning's " Aurora Leigh." 

Much unfavorable comment has been made on 
the unsportsmanlike conduct of the Bates team 
in refusing to play here, after their manager had 
arranged a game for October 11th, and after the 
advertising and other preparations had been made 
for it. The doughty athletes of Bates refused to 
play, so the announcement was made because they 
were afraid the Bowdoin boys would be rough and 
hurt them. 

The *. T. initiation was held Friday night, Octo- 
ber 6th, a week before that of the other five fraterni- 
ties. The following men from '97 were taken in : S 
0. Andros, Gardiner; A. P. Cook, Portland; P. W 
Davis, Portland; E. G. Pratt, Belfast; F. J. Small 
Old Town; and H. S. Warren, Bangor. The fol 
lowing alumni were present: Professor Houghton 
Yale, '72 ; Thomas Leigh, Jr., '85 ; E. W. Freeman 
'85; G. T. Files, '89; Ralph Hunt, '91; Ernest 
Young, '92; R. W. Mann, '92; G. S. Machan, '93 
H. C. Fabyau, '93 ; and C. W. Peabody, '93. 

" Home, Sweet Home,", was one of several sug- 
gestive airs recently sung for a few days by the 
Sophomore class. At one time it seemed probable 
that thirteen Sophomoric trunks would be packed 
at the suggestion of the President and Jury. 
The occasion of the disturbance was some ob- 
jection by the powers that be to the manner 
in which '96 was looking after the welfare of 
'97. The Freshmen themselves seemed to reahze 
that all things were for their own good, as 



was shown by their refusal to vote to deprive next 
year's Freshmen of the same beneficial treatment. 
At last the troubles subsided, and a truce was 
declared. The Sophomores are still here, but are a 
little more negligent of their traditional duties as 
regards Freshmen than they were for the first two 
or three weeks. 

The famous Topsbam Fair came off Tuesday, 
Wednesday, and Thursday of last week, and was 
as ever one of the great occasions of the term. The 
college was well represented on the first two days, 
bat on Thursday afternoon Bowdoiu turned out en 
masse and took possession of the whole fair, run- 
ning it with a high degree of success. Cuts were 
kindly given in the various recitations of the after- 
noon. Triangle, much advertised and talked 
about as the leading attraction, failed to appear on 
the track, much to the disappointment of the 
expectant Freshman, and also of the upper-class- 
men with whom this well-known trotter had been 
a great favorite before the race. It is said Triangle 
did not trot this year because he was not pi-operly 
prepared for the race, Professor Moody having to 
devote so much of his time to his unusually large 
classes in Sophomore and Freshman mathematics. 
It is announced that another year this favorite old 
campaigner will be sent to lower his mark. 

Following is a list of the alumni and visitors 
present at the various fraternity initiations last 
Friday night: A A <i>, Ex-President Chamberlain, 
'52; Rev. Mr. Guild, Harvard, '53; Dr. Gerrish, 
'66; Professor Robinson, '73; Professor Purrington, 
'78; Chamberlain, '81; Professor Hutchinson, '83; 
Morse, '90; Ridley, '90; Gummer, '92; Baldwin, 
'93; Ridley, '93; and Burnham, ex-'90. A K E, Dr. 
Whittier, '85 ; Williamson, '88; Rogers, '89; Cum- 
mings, '90, and the following members of the Colby 
chapter : Harthorn, L'Amereus, and Whitman, '94 ; 
Bearce and Hansen, '95, and Hanscomb, Hubbard, 
and Paddelford, '96. z -t, Wentworth, '86 ; Rideout, 
'89; Bean, '92; and McLellan and Hardy of Colby, 
e A X, Cole, '83; Card, '88; Hill, '88; Little, '89; 
Mitchell, '90; Ridlon, '91; Hodgdoa,'92; Hull, '92; 
Bucknam, '93; Howard, '93; and Peterson, Tufts, 
'92. AT, Professor Anthony, a Brown graduate; 
and the following men from the Colby chapter: 
Merrill, Tuthill, Welch, Metcalf, and Getchell. 

Last Friday night the goat was abroad and it 
was an occasion that will live long in the memories 
of a large part of the Freshman class. On that 
night the following new men were initiated into the 
mysteries of the various societies: A. a. *. — George 

Brett, Auburn; E. C. Davis, Auburn; C. B. East- 
man, Westbrook; D. W. Elliot, Brunswick; R. S. 
Hager, Richmond; H. D. Lord, Biddeford; E. B. 
Vining. Auburn, and W. F. White, Lewiston, all 
from '97. A. K. E.— C. A. Flagg, Boston, '94 ; L. C. 
Hatch, Bangor, '95; and J. G. Haines, Paterson, 
N. J.; H. M. Heald, Buckfield; C. H. Holmes, 
Brewer; W. C. Merrill, Portland; H. B. Rhines, Wis- 
casset; J. P. Russell, Rockland; C. S. Sowall, Wis- 
casset; J. M. Shute, Ellsworth; A. H. Strickland, 
Houlton, and H. W. Varrell, Wells, all from '97. 
Z.-f.— M. S. Coggan, Maiden, Mass.; E. B. Remick, 
West Trenton, and Frank Thompson, Bristol, all 
from '97. 6. A. X.— E. L. Bodge, North Bridgton ; 
B. J. Fitz, North Bridgton; R. L. Hull, Woodfords; 
T. S. Koehan, Westbrook; F. G. Kneeland, Lovell; 
J. H. Morse, Bath; D. B. McMillan, Freeport, and 
F. A. Stearnes, Lovell Center, all from '97. A. T. — 
J. Condon, Berlin Falls, N. H. ; G. S. Bean, Saco; 
0. L. Hanlon, Berlin Falls, N. H. ; John Home, 
Berlin Falls, N. H. ; Frederick Parker, Sherman's 
Mills, and E. K. Tapley, Saco, all from '97. Nearly 
thirty of the Freshmen are not members of any 

Professor Little is sending put his annual report 
as Librarian. From it we learn that the number 
of volumes now in the library, inclusive of 3,600 
books belonging to the Medical School, is 51,119. 
The accessions for the past twelve months have 
been 2,152. Of these, 1,178 were purchased at an 
average cost of $1.53, 130 were obtained by binding 
periodicals, 49 by exchange of duplicates, and 795 
were presented by various donors. Professor Little 
has held his pi'esent position for ten years, and the 
following statements speak eloquently of his efficient 
service. In 1883 the college library proper num- 
bered 20,000 volumes; the libraries of the Atheneean 
and Peucinian Societies and of the Medical School, 
together estimated at 17,000, but reduced by the 
withdrawal of duplicates from the former, and a 
recount of the latter, made the total number of 
books available a little over 35,000. To-day there 
are upwards of 51,000. The average annual increase 
for these intervening years is five times that of the 
preceding ten years. The funds, the income of 
which is to be used for the purchase of books, were 
then $4,500; they are now $18, .500. Instead of 
fourteen hours, the librai-y is now open sixty hours 
a week. The number of books circulated is five 
times as great, while the use of the library as a 
literary workshop has grown up almost entirely 
since that date. 





A7idover, 16; Bowdoin, 0. 
The Phillips-Andover foot-ball eleven defeated 
Bowdoin on the Andover campus, October 4th, by 
a score of 16 to 0. Bowdoin started with the ball 
and by good rushing carried it to Andover's 30-yard 
line, where it was lost on downs. Andover then 
carried the ball up the field about fifteen yards, but 
soon lost it. Bowdoin's interference was very weak 
and her backs made no good gains. Andover soon 
had the ball again and seemed to have no trouble 
in pushing the ball steadily toward Bowdoin's goal. 
She scored twice before time was called, kicking the 
second, but missing the first goal. In the second 
half Andover carried the ball within two yards of 
Bowdoin's goal. After the third down they tried to 
force it over the line. A Bowdoin player tackled 
the back and shouted "held," but the umpire did 
not hear him and the ball was forced over. The 
features of the first half were the bucking of Branch 
of Andover, a rush around the riglit end of forty 
yards by Manning, and the tackling of Fairbanks. 
In the second, Letton's rush through Bowdoin's line 
and Manning's rushes around left end, stopping 
Bowdoin's kicking twice, were the best plays. The 
teams lined up as follows : 

Andovek. Bowdoin. 

Greenway. Left End. Hicks. 

Gould. Left Tackle. Stevens. 

Murray. Left Guard. Stone. 

Pierson. Center. Dewey. 

Holt. Right Guard. Thomas. 

Rogers. Right Tackle. Kimball. 

Hayen. Eight End. . Ross. 

Glynn. Quarterback. Fairbanks. 

T^:^'-\ Halfbacks. {K»-»o- 

Letton. Fullback. Bates. 

Score — Andover, 16; Bowdoin, 0. Touchdowns — Man- 
ning, 2; Letton. Goals from touchdowns — Letton, 2. Um- 
pire — Durand. Referee— Jones. 

Second Eleven, 34; Lewiston High School, 0. 
TheLewiston High School foot-ball eleven played 
with Bowdoin's second eleven, Wednesday after- 
noon, at Lewiston, and were evidently no match for 
them. Bowdoin opened the game with a flying 
wedge, which was not a marked success. They 
soon made a brilliant rush, however, and carried 
the ball within fifteen yards of L. H. S. goal, but 
there lost the ball on a fumble. The High School 
team made a gain by Murphy's rush, but soon lost 

the ball. Bowdoin had little trouble in scoring. 

Lewiston came very near scoring in the first half. 

Merrill wedged through the line and gained a 

few yards, then Stanley made a good run, gaining 

twenty-five yards and carrying the ball within a 

yard of Bowdoin's goal, but there lost it on a 

fumble. Bodge made a brilliant run, carrying the 

ball almost the whole length of the field. After this 

Bowdoin had the game all her own way. The 

features of the game were the brilliant rush of 

Stanley and the playing of Bodge and McMillan. 

The game ended with a score of 34 to 0. Leighton 

kicked every goal but one. The teams lined up as 

follows : 

L. H. S. Bowdoin. 

Putnam. Left End. Coggan. 

Brown. Left Tackle. Plumstead. 

Talbot. Left Guard. Rhines. 

Waits. Center. Eastman. 

Bowers. Right Guard. Jackson. 

Green. Right Tackle. Newbegin. 

Grant. Right End. Libby. 

McCarthy. ' Quarterback. Leighton. 

'^"^P^y I Halfbacks I Bodge. 

Stanley j Halfbacks. j ^^^%j. 

Murphy. Fullback. Buck. 

Ridley was referee, and Stevens umpire. 

The foot-ball practice is decidedly ragged. The 
backs are fumbling badly and the line men are slow 
in getting into the play. Captain Fairbanks, who is 
now laid off by an injury received in practice, has 
been striving to instill life into the team, but 
the task seems a hard one. To make matters 
worse, two or three of the men are shirking 
come out late to the practice, occasionally do 
not come out at all, and apparently rely on their 
past reputation to carry them through the sea- 
son. The ends are getting very little practice, 
as the second eleven depends entirely on center 
plays. Individually, the men, with one or two 
exceptions, do not seem to improve greatly. The 
tackles, Stevens and Kimball, are strong and active, 
but are not breaking through quickly enough to 
tackle the backs sharply. Stone, at guard, plays 
too high. Deuison and Dewey are playing their 
usual game. The ends do not get enough practice 
to keep them in form and several times have been 
caught napping. The frequent changes behind the 
line cause more or less confusion. On the whole, 
the backs are perhaps playing rather better than a 
week ago. The interference is improving, but is 
not up to that of last year. The second eleven 
shows more life than the first, and is "being ably 



managed by Captain Buck. Their game at Lewis- 
ton was sharp and the mgn sliowed up very well. In 
their games against the first eleven, Baker and 
Bodge are showing themselves improving men, and 
Newbegin is playing a steady and at times a brill- 
iant game. Thomas and Wilbur also get into the 
game well and keep their opponents hard at work. 

The games now arranged for are as follows: 
October 18th, Colby, at Brunswick. 

October 21st, B. A. A., at Boston. 

October 28th, Colby, at Waterville. 

Games with Tufts and at least one other strong 
team will also be arranged to be played in Bruns- 
wick during November. 

The game scheduled for October 11th, with 
Harvard, was canceled by Bowdoin, owing to the 
physical condition of some of the team. The Colby 
game, advertised for October J4th, will be played 
on the 18th. 

Bates decided not to venture a game with our 
men, October 11th, and it now appears doubtful if 
we meet them during the season. 

Exeter made arrangements with us for a game 
on the delta, last Saturday, but were unable to 

The Portland High School team has been doing 
good work this season. It is hoped that a game 
with them will be arranged for the second eleven. 

'40. — The friends and 
neighbors of Rev. Elijah 
Kellogg united on September 26th in 
giving him a reception at the house 
of Mr. William Alexander in Harpswell. 
A singular interest was imparted to the 
occasion by many gifts from the children and 
grandchildren of dearly loved but departed friends. 
'51. — Philip H. Brown, Esq., who has been seri- 
ously ill, is now improving rapidly. 

'60.— On the night of October 11th, Ex-Speaker 
Reed addressed a crowd of many thousand people 
at Cincinnati, 0., in aid j^f the campaign of 
McKinley for Governor. He made a telling speech 
in his best vein, and great enthusiasm was mani- 

fested. The current number of McClure's Magazine 
contains an entertaining article on Thomas B. Reed, 
from the pen of Mr. Robert Porter. The short 
account of his college life is particularly interesting 
to Bowdoin men. The article contains pictures of 
Mr. Reed's Portland home, his study, and a number 
of portraits of himself. His Bowdoin class picture 
is especially noticeable. 

'61. — The board of trade of New London, Conn., 
is anxious to induce Gen. Thomas W. Hyde to 
remove his iron works to that place. The Bath 
people hope that the General will decide to remain 
there. General Hyde is now in Washington, D. C, 
attending the bidding on the three l,30()-ton gun- 
boats, which are to be built for the government. 

'62.— Gen. Charles P. Mattocks, World's Fair 
Commissioner from Maine, has arrived in Portland 
and reports that the pomological and agricultural 
exhibits of Maine have attained a highly gratifying 
volume. The attendance of Maine people at the 
exposition is increasing rapidly, Gen. Mattocks says. 

'68. — Rev. George M. Bodge, of Leominster, 
Mass., painted a very pretty picture of early New 
England life at the meeting of the New England 
Historical and Geneological Society in Boston, 
Wednesday, October 11th. The topic of his paper 
was: "A Representative New England Church in 
its Genesis and Growth." 

'69. — Oscar Scott Williams died at his home in 
Dedham, Mass., October Uth, of Bright's disease. 
He was born in Durham, July 2, 1844, and, since 
graduation, has devoted himself to teaching. He 
was ■ principal of the Presque Isle Academy, 
taught in Auburn, and in 1872 went to Haverhill. 
Here he was sub-master in the high school, and 
then became principal of a grammar school. He 
has since been superintendent of schools in Nashua 
and Dedham. He enjoyed great respect in the 
community in which he lived. He had a wife and 
four sons. 

'75 — Professor Edwin H. Hall, of Harvard, has 
an article in the October number of the Educational 
Beview on "Grammar School Physics." 

'76.— By far the most elaborate class history yet 
issued is the new book of 182 large pages which '76 
has just brought out. The committee on publica- 
tion were A. T. Parker, class secretary and treas- 
urer, F. V. Wright, E. H. Kimball, George Parsons, 
chairman of the literary committee, W. A. Robin- 
son, 0. C. Stevens, G. F. Pratt, and Bion Wilson. 
The book contains sketches of the college, its 
officers. President Chamberlain, the course of study, 
etc., and interesting class history, full of anecdotes, 



a complete biograpby of oiicli member of the class, 
an account of meetings since graduation, class 
literary work, ninsici;iiis, iind slatistics. It appears 
that 60 men entered the ciiUege, 4 died, 55 began 
work, 43 graduated. 'I'lie avoi'agc age of the class 
at graduation was 224 years. They came from 5 
states, 7 married Brunswick young ladies, and 
they are now scattered over 14 states and Australia. 
18 of the class are in business, 9 are teaching, 
3 engineers, 2 editors, 1 chemist, II lawyers, 3 min- 
isters, 2 physicians, 1 mariner, and 1 has no business. 
The book has good pictures of the college buildings, 
athletic teams, class, etc. On the whole it is a 
splendid book, and a great credit to its compiler. 

'81. — The marriage of Dr. H. L. Johnson, of 
Augusta, and Miss Emma Hammond, of Fairfield, 
occurred at Augusta, Thursday, October 5th. 

'84. — John A. Waterman, Esq., of Gorham, was 
married at Portland, August 2d, to Miss Emma 
C. Shirley of that city. 

'89. — The engagement is announced of Fremont 
J. C. Little to Miss Lillian Blackman of Augusta. 
Mr. Little is one of the most prominent of Augusta's 
younger lawyeis. The Orient extends congratu- 

'90.— Dr. George A. Tolman, who graduated at 
the Medical School in June, has gone to Columbia 
to continue his studies. 

'92. — Samuel L. Parclier is engaged in teacliing 
this fall. 

'93. — George Wood McArthur is to take an 
extensive tour thi'ough the South and West during 
the coming winter. 

Book I^eviewg. 

(Apperception. By Dr. Carl Lange. Heath & Co.) 
This "Monograph on Psychology and Pedagogy "is 
translated from the German, and presented to the 
American teacher by the members of the Herbart 
club. Every effort to further the progress of teach- 
ing along scientific lines should be heartily wel- 
comed by all. The children should be studied, 
they should not be treated like so many "jugs" 
sent to be filled with words and ideas transmitted 
directly from the teacher, but their young minds 
should early be trained to do their own thinking. 
The duty of the teacher is to stir up their thoughts 
to the greatest activity and keep them centered 
upon the matter in hand. Too often is the schoo. 

life made an outward mechanical enforcement of 
disconnected facts, taken in unwillingly and 
forgotten quickly. That the child must see for 
himself, should be forced upon the mind of every 
teacher, and for bringing about this end this 
volume has taken an advanced step in the right 

(La Prise de la Bastille par J. Michelet. Edited 
by Jules Luquiens, Ph.D. Ginn & Co.) A short 
selection in French prose with notes for school use. 

(History and Literature in Grammar Grade. 
Heath & Co.) A paper read before the Department 
of Superintendence at Brooklyn, by J. H. Phillips, 

(Collar's Shorter Eysenbach. Mrs. Clara S. Cur- 
tis. Ginn & Co.) There are now in this country 
a rapidly increasing number of German students 
who can give but a year or two to the language. 
This increase has made a demand for a book, short 
and concise in its methods and contents. To 
supply this want the above work has been issued. 
The aim and method of Eysenbach has been kept, 
but the less essential pai'ts eliminated. 

Professor Turner, of Edinburgh, receives $20,000 
salary, which is the largest remuneration of any 
college professor in the world. 

Wellesley College secured $5,000 by the will of 
Mrs. Hannah B. Goodwin, to found a scholarship 
and for painting of "A Russian Village in Winter," 
by Schwartz. The money will found the " Good- 
win " scholarship. 

The Faculty of Wesleyan University at Middle- 
town, Conn., has voted to give the students a voice 
in the college government. 

During President Dwight's seven years of admin- 
istration, Yale has received $4,000,000 in gifts. 

Leiaud Stanford University is the heaviest en- 
dowed educational institution in the United States. 
Columbia College stands second. 



Over her lover she pleadingly leaned, 

And he promised for her dear sake, 
As he lay in the hammock and saw her tears, 

Not another drop to take. 

With a thrill of joy the fair girl sprang 

To his side, with a loving look. 
The vow was broken— likewise the rope. 

For another drop he took. 

— Brwnonian. 

The only college in Scotland for the education 
of women is Queen Margaret College, founded in 
1883. The buildings are the gift of Mrs. Elder. 

Twenty-two men entered Yale, '97, from Audover 
without conditions. 

The college library at Dartmouth is open to 
students on Sunday afternoons. 

The Lelaud Stanford, Jr., University has an 
enrollment of about 800. 

The problem of how to put a stop to gambling 
and betting at university games is under discussion 
by the faculty Of Yale. 

Last spring a prize of $.50 was offered for the 
best Princeton song. " Princeton Day," with words 
by a member of '92 and music by a member of '95, 
won the prize. 

The University of Michigan graduated the 
largest class ever sent from an American college 
this year. It numbered 731, 32 more than the class 
of '92. 

The library collected at Goettingen, by the 
deceased orientalist Lagarde, has been bought for 
the University of the City of New York. This is a 
valuable library containing a large number of rare 

Women have taken two of the three special 
fellowships offered by the Chicago University this 
year. Cora A. Stewart, a Vassar girl, has become 
a fellow in history; Alice F. Pratt, of the Chicago 
University, has become a fellow in English litera- 
ture. — Ex. 

A new rule has been adopted by the athletic 
association of De Pauw University. It declares that 
a member of any athletic team using improper 
language, or conducting himself in a manner unbe- 
coming a gentleman in public, or playing under an 
assumed name, shall forfeit membership on the 

Old Dartmouth has a new "Prex," a new 
lectureship, and large plans for new buildings; 
new water-works, new professorships, and new 

ideas generally. Dartmouth's face is set to the 
future. — Dartmouth. 

D. C. Wells, professor of sociology, comes to Dart- 
mouth fiiim Bowdoin. He is a graduate of Yale in 
the class of '83, and his election to the chair of 
sociology was the result of a close investigation by 
President Tucker, himself a high authority on 
this suljject. Professor Wells was very highly 
thought of at Bowdoin, and his departure was 
deeply regretted. — Dartmouth. 

A school of journalism is to be established at the 
University of Pennsylvania. 


£ES £. I 

f^o:e\ tx3:e! :pi:f>e3. 



Vol. XXIII. 


No. 8. 





F. W. PiCKARD, '9i, Managing Editor. 

F. J. LiBBY, '94, Assistant Managing Editor. 

B. L. Bryant, '95, Business Manager. 

H. E. Andrews, '94. A. G. Wiley, '95. 

E. M. Simpson, '94. J. C. Minot, '96. 

H. W. Thayer, '95. H. H. Pierce, '96. 

J. E. Dunning. 

Per annum, in advance, 
Single Copies, 

. $2.00. 
15 Cents. 

E.>:ti'a copies can beobtfilned atthebookstoresor on applica- 
tion to tlie Business Manager. 

Itemittances should be made to the Business Manager. Com- 
niuuications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanieil by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Rhyme and lleason Department should be 
sent to Box 6, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should be sent to Box 140, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post -Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail JVIatter. 
Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston, Maine. 


Vol. XXIII., No. 8.— November 1, 1893. 

Editorial Notes, 135 

A Suggestion 137 

Delta Kappa Epsilon Convention, 138 

The Pessioptimist, 1.38 

Rhyme and Reason: 

The Priceless Boon 139 

Wonkers of Modern Science, 139 

The Reading-Room 140 

CoLLEGii Tabula, 140 

Athletics, 142 

Y. M. C. A., 146 

Personal, 147 

Book Reviews, 148 

College World, 149 

The attachment of Bowdoin's alumni 
to their Alma Mater is well known to all of 
us, and we all look forward to the day when 
we too shall be in a position to praise her 
past and aid her in her future work. But 
in the meantime, while we are still under- 
graduates, are we fully mindful of what we 
owe to the college? To define the exact 
relations which the institution and students 
should bear to each other is well-nigh impos- 
sible, but one or two principles seem to 
stand out with sufficient clearness. First of 
all we owe the college our warm-hearted alle- 
giance and our constant and hearty support. 
These are general terms, but they should 
apply in each particular instance. A college 
rule should be respected because it is a 
college rule. A new departure should be 
thoroughly and cheerfully tried before it is 
condemned, and all senseless mistreatment 
of college property should be done away 
with once for all. 

Our zeal for the good name of Bowdoin 
and an anxiety to have her stand high in the 
public esteem should be fervent and constant. 
We should lose no opportunity of sounding 
her praises and of denj'ing any misleading 
report which may be current concerning her. 
Above all we should be careful to do noth- 
ing which, if made public, could work her 



One other subject merits our attention. 
Every man owes to Bowdoin College his best 
sustained effort in the recitation room and 
the athletic field alike. No man who can be 
one of the best scholars of his class has a 
right to rank among the lowest. A man 
who can play ball, foot-ball, or tennis, who 
can row, run, or jump, has, under ordinary 
circumstances, no right to neglect these gifts. 
If it is in our power to reflect credit on our 
college in any way, we are injuring her if we 
do not exert ourselves to the utmost. 

NO ONE of all the living alumni of Bowdoin 
is nearer or dearer to the undergraduate 
heart than Rev. Elijah Kellogg, '40. Most 
of us were thrilled in boyhood b}' his stories 
of earlj' frontier life, and many of us learned 
of Bowdoin and Brunswick from his writ- 
ings when the dawn of our own college 
life was still far in the future. His sincere, 
unpretentious, self-sacrificing life has served 
to endear him still more to us all. Yet we 
venture to assert that not half of us have 
ever seen his face or heard his voice. Can- 
not some arrangement be made by which he 
can preach in the college church some 
Sabbath, or at least, address us in the chapel? 

'UT LAST there is a prospect of having a 
I *- well-arranged and well-kept Reading- 
Room. At meetings held last week officers 
were elected and a committee appointed to 
supervise the changes proposed, and if noth- 
ing hinders, the present week will see a great 
improvement made. It is hardly necessary 
to say that these changes will be of no value 
whatever if the students do not treat the 
Reading-Room as they should and co-operate 
with the management in making the improve- 
ment a permanent one. 

FOR the work of the foot-ball team during 
the two weeks just passed we have noth- 
ing but praise. They have been pla5'ing a 

steady, careful game, and the effect of their 
great improvement is clearly shown by the 
scores made by them in the four games 
played since the last issue of the Orient. 
The continued absence of two of the best 
men on the team is of course felt, but the 
eleven and the college have just reason for 
pride in the record made by the team thus 
far this season. The defensive work of the 
line in the last four games has been remark- 
able when the weight of their opponents is 
taken into account, and the backs, though 
not yet striking the line with sufficient 
momentum, are running lower and improv- 
ing in their blocking and interference. The 
kicking alone is poor. The games thus far 
have necessitated little punting, but the way 
the easiest chances for kicking goals were 
missed last Saturday was exasperating in the 

We hope before the season is over to see 
our team pitted against college teams of their 
own strength. Games with Amherst, Will- 
iams, Wesleyan, Trinity or Tufts would be 
welcomed equally by team and college. As 
far as the financial condition of the associa- 
tion is concerned we feel confident that the 
students will respond to an additional appeal 
for funds if good games are assured. 

WE COMMEND the article entitled "A 
Suggestion " to the earnest attention 
of all. The writer has stated the case exactly 
as it is, and the few lines he quotes from 
preceding volumes of the Orient show 
clearly what style of verse would be espe- 
cialljr acceptable to the editors. There is 
no lack of talent among us, but there is a 
decided lack of effort. 

The Faculty of the Boston TJuiversity have 
voted to permit work on the college paper to count 
as work in the regular course, allowing seven hours 
per week to the managing editor and two to each of 
his assistants. 



A Suggestion. 

0NE of the most pleasing and popular 
features of our many college publications 
is the so-called poetry which they contain. 
Some editors devote a page to rhyme, others 
lengthen out a column here and there with 
a witty stanza, and lighten the labor of the 
compiler of locals by inserting in his space 
a well-turned parody or rondeau. 

The recent publication of "Cap and 
Gown," a charming collection of character- 
istic college verse, again brings to mind the 
fact that our own representative in the 
literary arena lacks decidedly this class of 
literature. In this book, page after page is 
filled with selections from the publications 
of colleges standing not so high as our own. 
Five stanzas from an old Orient represent 
the talent of Bowdoin. Is this because 
among us there are none with ability to 
write verse worthy of such a publication ? 
I fancy not. It is simply due to a lack of 
spirit. Want of time has nothing to do 
with it. 

" Tempus fug it ! said the Roman. 
Yes, alas, 'tis fleeting on; 
Ever coming, 
Ever going, 
Life is short, and soon 'tis gone. 

But as I think of next vacation, 
Poring o'er these lessons huge, 

Ever harder. 

Ever longer, 
All I say is, ' Lot her fuge ! ' " 

Regardless of class every man should be 
willing to do what he can. Even the Fresh- 
man need not be afraid to attempt airy 
flights. Witness the following from one 
soon after his admission to college: 
" I illustrate my manly upper lip 
Each blessed time when shaving. 
For every gash from the razor's slip 
Is a steel cut or engraving." 

If you do not wish to have your identity 
known, send your production through the 
mail, but do not waste your sweetness by 

keeping it to yourself. There is an urgent 
need of poetry, but do not take this as a 
general invitation to fill the Orient sanctum 
with long epics and touching effusions about 
Bowdoin's classic halls, the majestic chapel 
towers and the gently murmuring pines. 
Forbear to expatiate on the unrivaled 
charms of the fair maids of Brunswick and 
Bath, and, if you must indulge in a joke, 
keep up to the reputable New England 
standard by remembering that — 

"A German joke is devoid of point, 
An English joke is neat ; 
A Yankee joke is often told, 
But it has a peculiar 
Faculty of arriving at its 
Destination with the 
Contemporaneous advent 
Of both of its feet." 

Bright, short poems are wanted, not of 
the nature of grinds (save them for the 
Bugle'), but pointed and vivacious. Half 
of the charm of the verse is in knowing that 
it is original. Do not hesitate to express 
thought in a new light. 

" How doth the little downy Fresh 
Improve each shining hour? 
He plugs his dry old lexicon. 
With gloomy visage sour. 

Meanwhile the more experienced Soph 

Enjoys his cards and pipe. 
He learns his Greek from Harper's text. 

His intellect is ripe." 

Many of the students, while in the fitting 
school, were connected with the school paper. 
Some took active parts as editors, while 
many others were regular contributors. 
Why drop out of such work as soon as you 
enter college? We have a paper worthy of 
the hearty support of every student, and its 
continued success largely depends upon the 
individual work of the students. The 
Orient board is not a machine to manufact- 
ure so much reading matter every fortnight; 
its function is rather to sift the material 
presented to it, and give to the students only 



that which will interest the majority. 
Hence, all ought to see that the editors have 
abundant material from which to select the 
best; they will be found to be lenient critics. 
"2-night 2 the beautiful $uSie'$ I'll go," 

Young folomon $kinflint Said, 
"And u$e every Sophistry that I may know 
To induce the young heire$$ to wed." 

He begged the fair maid hi$ hand 2 Xcept 
(There's alwayS a way when a will). 
And 1 her con$ent, when in Pater Stepped, 
And inStantly V-toed the Bill." 

Delta Kappa Epsilon Convention. 

yiTHE forty-seventh annual convention of 
^ the Delta Kappa Epsilon Fraternity met 
in Minneapolis on Thursday, October the 
11th, and remained in session throughout 
the week. 

A reception was tendered the delegates 
on Wednesday evening, at the the parlors of 
the West Hotel. Thursday morning the 
convention met in secret session. On the 
afternoon of that day the delegates enjoyed 
a buckboard ride, followed by a reception 
given in honor of the visitors, by the young 
ladies of the Alpha Phi Chapter of the Uni- 
versity of Minnesota. A ball in the evening 
ended Thursday's festivities. The secret 
session continued all day Friday. The 
petition to revive the Delta Delta Chapter 
of Chicago University was granted, while 
petitions for charters from Northwestern 
University and several smaller institutions 
were refused. The banquet on Friday even- 
ing ended in a delightful way the regular 
duties of the convention. 

The University of Chicago cleared about $40,000 
this summer by rentiug its dormitories to the 
World's Fair visitors. 

Over $80,000 has been subscribed for the 
Phillips Brooks memorial at Harvard. 

Lehigh University intends to build a laboratory 
that will have no equal in the college world. The 
cost is estimated at about $200,000. 

POW many Bowdoin students are in the 
habit of reading the daily newspapers 
of the state or country with a view to an 
intelligent knowledge of the world and its 
affairs? The Pessioptimist fears not many. 
Too many men pick up a newspaper list- 
lessly, gaze languidly at the news columns, 
read a bit of sensational stuff here and there, 
peruse eagerly the " Personal " or " Table 
Talk " departments, and, ignoring the edito- 
rial page entirely, lay down the sheet with 
the sage remark that " there's nothing in 
the paper this morning." Charles A. Dana, 
editor-in-chief of the JVetv York Sun, in a 
recent address to Cornell students, said : 
" The young man who takes a newspaper 
and turns to its political page has good intel- 
lectual symptoms. If he turns to read a love 
story first you cannot make a good newspaper 
man of him," and he might have added, or 
anything else either. 

* * * * 
Such a study of the political page of any 
great representative journal is one of the 
best educators within reach of the men of 
• this century. To the business man it gives 
a practical knowledge of the state of affairs 
in his community ; to the college man it is one 
of the best of helps in the study of Political 
Science, perhaps one of the essential parts of 
a man's education. Few students realize the 
need and the benefit of a course of study in 
Political Science such as Bowdoin College 
gives ; it may be years before they will see 
the necessity for a thorough knowledge of 
the conditions, organization, and methods of 
American government, but the time will 
come when probably 'tis late to' mend. A 
more or less close acquaintance with the 
history and principles of the American con- 
stitution, and an up-to-date knowledge of 
our national politics, is absolutely neces- 



sary in the molding of a well-balanced mind 
and the making of a truly good and useful 

With the Art Building nearing comple- 
tion, the splendid new Scientific Building 
well under process of construction, a foot-ball 
team with a shining record, a course of study 
and a board of instructors that place her far 
in advance of all other Maine colleges, Bow- 
doin has certainly well-founded cause for 
self-congratulation at this auspicious opening 
of a new year. The large Freshman class 
which, notwithstanding fear of compulsory 
bathing and required mathematics, came to 
our doors this fall, is itself sufficient proof 
that Bowdoin College is the coming college 
of the state, and the quality of men, and the 
general sentiment expressed in many waj-s, 
shows a growing feeling of favor toward 
small but high-grade schools by the good 
people of the Pine Tree State. 

The advantage of the small college over 
its greater sister institutions is apparent in 
several ways. In the larger schools, where 
a single class numbers more than three hun- 
dred, there cannot be the warm class feeling, 
the fraternal sentiment, the delightful sensa- 
tion of "knowing everybody " that is a char- 
acteristic of small institutions. Then, too, 
in the great universities an, in any way, inti- 
mate acquaintance vi^ith one's instructors is 
simply impossible, and thus one of the most 
valuable advantages of the smaller school is 
entirely wanting. There is altogether too 
much nonsense in many colleges in the matter 
known as " chinning the Professor," and the 
sooner this dies out and leaves an earnest 
student free to establish friendly and helpful 
relation with the instructors, the better for 
all concerned. The professors are eager to 
help, and will complain only at the lack of 
the begging. 

The Priceless Boon. 

In ancient days, the olden legends say, 

A wizard wandered, withered, bent, and gray. 

Deep versed was he in every cunning part 

And skilled in knowledge of the chemist's art. 

One day, with footsteps weak in age. 

He sought the dwelling of a Grecian sage. 

He bore a golden phial in his hand, 

And elapsed about it clung a shining band, 

And thereon words, in curious letters spelled. 

That told the wine of memory it held. 

'I bring thee here," he said, "a priceless store, 
For he who quaffs of this, forevermore 
Shall hold the mem'ry of the past secure. 
Its joys, its triumphs, shall alway endure, 
And learning's prize shall linger at thy feet. 
Thy mind shall never fail its tasks to meet 
Till death shall come." "Ah, no," the sage replied, 

"Oh, take it far from me, I fain would hide 
The bygone years, their pain and wild regret. 
I need thy power to teach me to forget." 

Wonders of Modern Science. 

0, have you heard 
If you triturate with hydro-carbon gas, chopped flue, 
A drop or so of H2O dissolved in brine, 
And draw it fiom the crucible with hand-made twine 

It emerges as electric light? 

That 'tis true may be averred. 

And do you know 
That when Peary was in northern lands, I don't 

know where. 
He found a castle wholly built of frozen air, 
With hydrogen for atmosphere, and winding stair 
Constructed out of spectrum lines? 
I'm assured that this is so. 

Then I'll tell you 
Of late investigation in regard to heat ; 
Although a mode of motion, it is good to eat; 
In fact, for quick digestion it cannot he beat; 

For 'tis vital force applied ad rem. 

You may bet that it is true. 

With my own eyes 
I've seen forty Muybridge photographs of moving 



Some interstellar ether, say in weight, one pound, 
The outside of infinity, by quaternions found, 

And the fourth dimension of a point. 

I deny that these are lies. 

The savant knows 
How to write the monkey's language to divert the 

He persuades the good bacteria to eat the bad; 
He paints his blinds with chlorophyl, — a modern 

And grafts an ass's bones on man. 
Who can say the savant Uowsf 

He hopes erelong 
To remove to the Chicago Fair the Arctic pole ; 
To melt a dozen asteroids to fill the hole ; 
To fathom all the mysteries of mind and soul; 

And abolish heaven and hell for aye. 

So I'm told; I may be wrong. 

The Reading-Room. 

An evil place, 

A dire disgrace, 

A shameful home of sin. 

Let him beware 

Who will but dare 

To even enter in. 

It cannot stay 

In such a way ; 

We cannot keep it so. 

'T will never mend, 

And in the end 

Perhaps 't had better go. 

A mass-meeting of the 
college was held in Memorial 
last week, and much enthusiasm was 
aroused on the foot-ball question. 
Quite a large sum of money was raised 
in addition to that already pledged, 
many voluntarily increasing their subscriptions. 
The question of entering a league with the other 
Maine colleges was discussed, and it seemed to be 

the unanimous sentiment that such a step would be 
of no benefit to the college, but would on the con- 
trary be of harm, as it would bring the team 
constantly in contact with much weaker teams and 
would prevent it from meeting so often those strong 
teams out of the State, by whom Bowdoin is now 
regarded as a dangerous rival. 

Jackson, '95, is teaching in Wiscasset. 

Lewis Pierce, '52, was on the campus last week. 

Bass, '96, was obliged by illness to go home last 

A. H. Davis, '60, of Portland, visited the college 
last week. 

Soule, '96, started last week on a trip to the 
World's Fair. 

Bates, '96, umpired the Colby-Hebron Academy 
game at Waterville, October 21st. 

Merrill, '96, has returned to college. He has 
been working in a Farmington bank. 

Merriman, '96, is teaching in Harpswell. It is 
doubtful if he returns to college this year. 

The students appreciate the railroad time-tables 
placed in the various ends by the Maine Central. 

Hon. L. A. Emery, '61, of Ellsworth, visited the 
college last week. He was on his way to Rangeley. 

E. T. Little, '87, now of Phcenix, Arizona, was 
the guest of his uncle. Professor Little, last week. 

Hugo's "Bug Jargal" is the first book on the list 
given the Sophomore French class, for outside 

Pendleton, '90, was at the college last week. 
He has changed houses, and now represents Wright 
& Ditson. 

Blodgett and Small, '96, were two of the speakers 
at the Colby AY initiation banquet at Skowhegan, 
Friday night. 

Allen, Bagley, and Wilbur, '94, and Peakes, '96, 
attended the Z t initiation and banquet at Colby, 
Friday night. 

The e A X fraternity had its annual "set up" 
by the Freshman delegation, at the station restau- 
rant Friday night. 

P. E. Barber, of Bath, is a new special in col- 
lege. He has been a member of '96, Worcester 
Polytechnic Institute. 

November 30th is the date set for the National 
Thanksgiving, and towards this date many a stu- 
dent's eyes gaze longingly. 

The Bowdoin Faculty was invited to attend a 



reception given by President Harris, of the Maine 
State College, last Friday evening. 

Professor Lee delivered a lecture, "In the Straits 
of Magellan," at Augusta, October 3lst, before the 
Kennebec Natural History Society. 

Rev. J. L. Jenkins, of Portland, preached the 
annual sermon before the college Y. M. C. A., in 
the Congregational church, Sunday. 

On account of duties at the Art Building, Pro- 
fessor Johnson gave the Sophomore and Freshman 
French classes several adjourns, last week. 

Ridley, '94, and Ordway, '96, acted as referee 
and umpire in a recent foot-ball game at Augusta, 
between Cony High School and Kent's Hill Seminary. 

There were a large number of visitors in chapel 
Sunday. A quartette composed of Lord, Clough, 
Dana, and Willard, furnished exceptionally good 

Frost, '94, Bates, Keyes, Marston, and Minot, '96, 
and Haines, Strickland, and Varrell, '97, attended 
the A K E initiation of the Colby Chapter, Octo- 
ber 20th. 

Quite a number of Bates students accompanied 
their team here Saturday. They seemed much dis- 
appointed that their eleven could make no better 
showing against the lighter Bowdoin boys. 

The Sophomore prize speakers are announced 
this week, the members of the class having banded 
in their lists last week. The speaking will occur 
in upper Memorial on the evening of December 21st. 

The terrace around the Walker Art Building 
remained beautiful and green after all the other 
foliage of the campus was brown and dead, and 
set off the magnificent structure to fine advantage. 

Currier, '94, Is agent for a new college pin. It 
is a silver pennant, the upper third being white, the 
central third black with "Bowdoin '' in white letter, 
and the lower third white. It is pretty and tasty, 
and will cost a little over a dollar. 

The Freshmen have material enough for a strong 
eleven, and intend to get in some good work before 
they meet the Sophomores in the annual class game. 
They have elected McMillan captain and Hagar 
manager, and expect to play several games with 
outside teams. 

It is probable that French and German clubs 
will be formed the coming winter. Much good iu 
conversational powers and iu the general knowl- 
edge of the language has been gained in these clubs 

in past winters, and their existence should never be 
allowed to die out. 

Henry H. Ragan, the famous lecturer, delivered 
his illustrated lecture on the Columbian Exposition 
at Town Hall, October 19th. It was under the 
auspices of the Foot-Ball Association and there was 
a good attendance. The lecture was highly enter- 
taining and instructive. 

The question of adding French to the require- 
ments of admission to the Maine colleges is being 
agitated now. Professor Marquart, of Colby, and 
Professor Angell, of Bates, were in conference here 
Friday night with Professor Hyde and the Bowdoin 
modern language professors. 

Now that the walls of the Searles Scientific 
Building are above the first story the progress is 
more rapid, and it is most interesting to watch this 
noble structure take shape. It is thought the 
building will be roofed in before snow falls, and 
that it will be all ready for dedication at the 
appointed time. 

Shaw, '95, spent several days recently in coach- 
ing the new Thornton Academy eleven. The 
Biddeford papers spoke highly of his work, and 
said that while he was not the typical foot-ball 
giant he wore long hair and a sweater and knew all 
the points of the game. The victory of the team 
in its first game showed the good results of his work. 

Ordway, '96, has been elected captain and man- 
ager of his class eleven, and as usual proves an 
adept in both positions. Several games have been 
played and more arranged. This activity of a 
class team is of untold benefit to the standing of 
the college in the sport, and though '96 is not pre- 
eminently a foot-ball class its spirit in going into 
the game is to be commended most highly. 

The third themes of the term are due to-day. 
The following subjects wore given out: Juniors- 
Is Too Much Power Given to the Minority in the 
United States Senate? What Relations Should 
Exist Between a College and its Fitting Schools? 
Novels as a Power in Reform Movements. Sopho- 
mores— Should the Geary Chinese Act be Repealed? 
How Can We Have a Suitable Reading-Room? 
Hawthorne's "Scarlet Letter." 

There is a good prospect of a dancing school 
the coming winter. Many of the students now 
ignorant of the terpsichorean art would fain become 
its masters. Partners would not be lacking among 
the Brunswick maidens, and weekly assemblies 
would furnish a bright social oasis in the dreary 



desert of college routine. Past winters have wit- 
nessed high success in this line, and it is to be 
hoped the coming winter will prove the best of all. 

The joke is on an eminent member of the fac- 
ulty who watched through the whole of Saturday's 
foot-ball game under the impression that it was the 
Technology team which was lined up against the 
Bowdoin boys. The true state of things never 
dawned upon him even when the game was over, 
and the next day he said to a student that the easy 
manner in which our team defeated the strong 
Technology eleven was a great surprise and pleas- 
ure to him. 

In a few days the Walker Art Building will be 
practically completed. With the finishing of the 
floor in Sculpture Hall but little will remain to be 
done. The Misses Walker and Mr. Gale, the archi- 
tect, were here last week, also Elihu Vedder, of 
Rome, the artist who is working upon one of the 
four immense oil paintings which will decorate the 
great dome of the rotunda. These paintings will 
not be put in place till spring. All the collection 
of paintings and drawings in the library building 
were removed Thursday, October 26th, to be put in 
place in the galleries at once. 

It is expected that the foot-ball season will close 
with a series of class games just before the Thanks- 
giving recess. It is planned for the Seniors and 
Juniors to play, then the Sophomores and Fresh- 
men, and then the two winners to play for the 
championship of the college. 'Varsity players are 
to be excluded from the class teams. Each class 
has good men, and, as class feeling runs high, such 
a series of games would surely be close and excit- 
ing. The Sophomores and Freshmen have good 
teams in training, and the former has played several 
games with outside teams, and has more arranged. 

The great university extension movement is 
being helped forward in Maine by the progressive 
Bowdoin faculty. The college offers the following 
courses of six lectures each, during the coming 
season: Homer, by Professor F. E. Woodruff; 
Roman Literature, Professor William A. Houghton; 
Biology, Professor L. A. Lee ; Chemistry, Professor 
F. C. Robinson; Our National Government, Profes- 
sor William MacDonald. Two courses of extension 
lectures are already arranged in this State. Pro- 
fessor Lee, of Bowdoin, will give a course on Biology 
in Augusta, and Professor Matthews, of Colby, one 
on the French Revolution, in Skowhegan. 

In chapel, Sunday afternoon. President Hyde 
spoke very forcibly and clearly upon the duties and 

obligations of the student body in a Christian 
college. He said it was the duty of the faculty 
in such a college to keep the moral standing of 
the students high, by pleasant means if possible, 
if not, by harsher methods. Bowdoin's success 
depends on the high degree of manhood attained 
by the students here; and for the sake of the 
college, if for no higher reason, every student should 
take it upon himself to see that the rights of others 
are respected, that he is a true gentleman at all 
times and in all places, and that the public good 
is never sacrificed to his private pleasures. It was 
an earnest address, delivered from the heart, and 
appealed strongly to all who heard it. 

The most sport that the jolly old Bowdoin 
campus has seen recently was caused by three 
calves, whose innocent and unsuspecting natures 
led them to wander from their customary haunts 
into its sacred precints. After a long chase by a 
crowd of students they were captured, and formed 
the centre-pieces of several kodak groups. Then 
they were incarcerated in the rooms of some Fresh- 
men who happened to be out. They were soon dis- 
covered and speedily ejected, and as it was 
recitation time they were taken into the Freshman 
Greek recitatiou. Here they remained for two 
hours, and were so well behaved that the instructor 
said he would only ask the class to conduct itself 
as well as its visitors did. Not until the next day 
did the owner succeed in getting all the wandering 
trio safely at home. It is thought they will not 
soon forget their college course. 


Bowdoin, 42; Colby, 4. 

The game was called at 3 o'clock. Colby started 
the ball with a V, but made no gain. A minute 
after, Robinson slipped out around our right end 
and, to the surprise of all, scored a touchdown for 
Colby, but failed to kick the goal. Time, two 

Bowdoin went at it with a vim. Their V took 
them fifteen yards into Colby territory. Kimball 
made a pretty rush ; Sykes followed his example, 
and Quimby made a touchdown four minutes after 
the first rush. Sykes kicked a goal. Chapman, 
being injured, was relieved by Hicks. Colby lost 
five yards on her V. Kimball made a fine tackle. 
Colby was forced to kick, making twenty-five yards, 



but lost the ball. Stubbs carried the ball back 
twenty yards. Mitchell secured the touchdown 
six minutes from Colby's start. No goal. 

Colby's ten-yard loss on the V was regained by 
Eobinson's punt, losing the ball to Bowdoin. Stubbs 
made a pretty dash of half the field, and a moment 
after, Quimby added four more to the fast-increasing 
score, Sykes failing to kick a goal. 

Eight yards was Colby's loss on their next V, 
supplemented by the disablement of their captain, 
Robinson. Bowdoin obtained the ball on downs. 
Mitchell made a long run, and Quimby another 
touchdown. Sykes kicked a goal. 

Another ten yards was lost by Colby, and, soon 
after, the ball on downs. Mitchell made a touch- 
down ; Sykes, a goal. 

Colby braced on her V, and gained five yards 
before time was called. Score, 26-4. 

In the last half, the ball got a good start towards 
Colby's goal. It was carried along by Stubbs, 
Mitchell taking it over the line. No goal. 

Colby soon lost the ball and Quimby took it 
behind the goal. Colby attempted to punt, failed, 
4nd lost the ball. Mitchell took it from the center 
almost to the line, Stubbs making the final touch- 
down, and Sykes the goal. 

Colby made no gain on her V. Stone being 
hurt, Thomas took his place. Colby tried a goal 
from the field, which resulted in their return to 
center. Bowdoin had the ball at Colby's ten-yard 
line when time was called. 

The game, though one-sided, did not lose its 
interest, but was lively throughout. The backs 
were occasionally slow in starting, but ran pluckily 
and made long gains. Kimball played the best 
game in the line, breaking Colby's V in fine shape 
and making numerous good tackles. 

The men lined up as follows: 











Mitchell, j 
Stubbs. ( 


Left End. 

Left Tackle. 

Left Guard. 


Right End. 

Eight Tackle. 
Right Guard. 










( Jordan. 

< Turner. 

( Putnam, 
j Robinson. 
I Jordan. 

Touchdowns— Quimby, 3; Mitchell, 2; Stubbs, 2; Rob- 
inson, 1. Goals— Sykes, 3. Referee — Parsons, Colby. 
Umpire — Ridley, Bowdoin. 

Bowdoin vs. B. A. A. 

The Bowdoin team and Boston Athletics met on 
the South End grounds, Saturday, October 21st. 
Last year's strong team played a tie game with 
B. A. A., and this year, with a team whose average 
weight was only 160 pounds, Bowdoin held the 
strong rush line of their opponents well, compelling 
them to lose the ball on four downs in the first half. 
The result of this game is certainly encouraging. 
The team played with a snap, not at all like the 
first games of the season. 

B. A. A. had the ball. MeNear made 12 yards 
on the wedge. After a fumble and three downs 
Anthony made eight yards. McNear made a pretty 
run from the 40-yard line, scoring a touchdown and 
kicking the goal. Quimby was pushed down the 
field for 12 yards in the wedge. Mitchell and 
Stubbs each made short gains and Quimby was 
sent over the line for a touchdown. Sykes failed to 
kick the goal. Score: B, A. A., 6; Bowdoin, 4. 
McNear made eight yards. Batchelder and Anthony 
made good gains, but McNear lost ground, Sykes 
breaking through and tackling. McNear punted 
for 2,'5 yards and B. A. A. soon had the ball again 
on four downs. On the third down, B. A. A. failed 
to gain the necessary two yards. Mitchell went 
through the line for 10 yards, and Quimby made a 
good gain. B. A. A. got the ball on a foul, and 
Anthony made a fine run from the 25-yard line. 
McNear kicked the goal. Score: B. A. A., 12; 
Bowdoin, 4. 

Bowdoin opened the second half with a V, but 
soon lost the ball on a fumble. McNear made 25 
yards, and, after good rushing by the backs, went 
over the line for a touchdown. He punted out to 
Waters, but failed to kick the goal. Bowdoin got 
five yards, B. A. A.'s center getting off side. The 
ball was pushed down the field and Quimby made 
a touchdown. Sykes again failed to kick goal. 
Score: B. A. A., 16; Bowdoin, 8. B. A. A. had 
the ball in the center of the field when time was 
called. For Bowdoin, the tackling of Sykes and 
good work of Quimby and Mitchell behind the 
line were the best features. The rush line held 
their heavy opponents well. Anthony and McNear 
did the best work for B. A. A. Tukey and J. 
Hastings, '91, played tackle and center respectively 
on the B. A. A. team. The teams lined up as 

B. A. A. Bowdoin. 

Blanohard. Left End. Hicks. 

Tukey. Left Tackle. Stevens. 

Left Guard. 


( Coring 
f Stone. 



Hastings. I 

Whitman. ) 



Kipp. j 

Fay. i 






Right End. 
Right Tackle. 

Right Guard. 







( Mitchell. 

1 Stubbs. 


-E. W. Beals. 

Umpire— Professor Whittier. Referee- 
Time— 30-minute halves. 

Second Eleven, 54; L. H. S. , 0. 
The LewistoQ High School team came to Bruns- 
wick, Saturday, OctoberSlst, and played two twenty- 
luiuute halves with Bowdoiu's second eleven. The 
Bowdoin team was somewhat crippled by the loss 
of Bodge, Baker, Libby, Coggan, and Newbegin, 
yet they played a very good game. The High 
School boys had rather a light team, especially 
behind the line; still they bucked the center for 
several short gains during the last half. MacMillan 
played the best game for Bowdoin, making several 
long runs around the right end and tackling well. 
Lewiston played a plucky game, but had no oppor- 
tunity to score. The teams lined up as follows: 
L. H. S. Bowdoin. 

Putnam. Left End. Cook. 

Brown. Left Tackle. Plumstead. 

Talbot. Left Guard. Merrill. 

Waite. Center. Eastman. 

Bowers. Right Guard. Rhines. 

Greene. Right Tackle. j Mgad™^" 

Grant. Right End. Wiley. 

McCarthy. Quarterback. Leighton. 

fZtli Halfbacks. { S^'- ,,„. 

Murphy. Fullback. Buck. 

Referee— Ridley. Umpire — Toothaker. 

Bowdoin, 36; Boston University , 0. 

Quite a crowd gathered on the delta, Wednesday, 
October 25th, to see Bowdoin and Boston University 
play. The game was fairly good throughout. Bow- 
doin's interference was very good at times. The 
excitement ran high in the last half, when B. U. 
got the ball to Bowdoin's five-yard line and lost it 
on downs, just as time was called. 

B. TJ. started in with the usual wedge, but made 
little gain. The ball was then snapped back and 
fumbled, B. U. losing three yards. Failing to make 
the necessary 8 yards, Sherman punted. Bowdoin 
now made short gains through the line until the 
ball was within five yards of B. U.'s goal, where it 
was lost. B. U. could not gain against Bowdoin's 
line, and Sherman again punted for 15 yards. 

Sykes passed the ball to Mitchell, who took it 
around the left end for a good gain. Bowdoin rushed 
the ball steadily towards the goal, and Mitchell was 
pushed over for a touchdown. Ross failed to kick 
the goal. 

B. U. gained nothing on the V. House took the 
ball around left end for five yards, but the Bowdoin 
line played low and stopped the rushes, B. U. 
losing the ball on downs. Mitchell, Stubbs, and 
Quimby rushed the ball to the 20-yard line, and 
Sykes scored a touchdown around right end. Ross 
failed to kick goal. Score, 8-0. 

B. U. gained four yards on the V, but lost the 
ball on a fumble. The Bowdoin baclis made steady 
gains through the lines, and, after Bowdoin was 
given five yards for off-side play, Quimby made a 
touchdown, Ross kicking the goal, making the 
score 14-0. 

B. U. gained eight yards on the wedge, but soon 
lost the ball on downs. Bowdoin then carried the 
ball down the field, and Stubbs took it over the 
line. Sykes punted out to Quimby, but Ross failed 
on the goal. Score, 18-0. 

B. U. formed the wedge and Sherman took the 
ball straight. through the line for ten yards. They 
could not buck Bowdoin's line hard enough, how- 
ever, and lost the ball on downs. Stubbs made a 
good run of 15 yards around the end. The ball was 
fumbled and Kimball fell on it, but Bowdoin soon 
lost it on downs. 

B. U. made no gains and fumbled badly, Bow- 
doin getting the ball. On the third down, with 
eight yards to gain, Bowdoin's left tackle, Stevens, 
made a fine run around right end for 20 yards, 
rolling over and over toward the goal after he was 
pulled down. Quimby carried the ball over the 
line, and Ross kicked the goal. Score, 24-0. Time 
was called just before the teams lined up in the 
middle of the field. 

Bowdoin gained eight yards on the V, and 
rushed the ball towards B. U.'s goal in a lively 
manner, Sykes making another touchdown. Ross 
kicked the goal and made the score 30-0. 

Bowdoin soon got the ball again, but could not 
seem to make good gains, losing it on the fourth 
down. The teams now seemed more evenly matched, 
and B. U. lost the ball on downs. The backs put 
more life into their work, and Quimby scored 
another touchdown. Goal. Score, 36-0. 

B. U- now played sharp and hard, carrying the 
ball to the five-yard line. Bowdoin's line was again 
too much for them, however, and the ball was lost 
on downs just as time was called. The features of 



tbe game were the work of Stevens and Kimball in 
the line, and the tackling of Sykes and Stubbs 
behind it. Boston's fullback, Sherman, also made 
some fine runs and seemed to be the surest tackle on 
the field. The Bowdoin backs made good gains, but 
ran high and did not strike the line hard. Dewey 
retired after the first half, and Thomas took his 
place. Stevens was also slightly hurt near the 
close of the game. The teams : 
Bowdoin. Boston University. 

Hicks. Left End. Roman. 

Stevens. Left Tackle. Holmes. 

Stone. Left Guard. Dyer. 

Dennison. Center. Cutts. 

Ross. Right End. Sanborn. 

Kimball. Right Tackle. Rogers. 

Right Guard. Hanscom. 



Stubbs. ) 
Mitchell. J 
Quimby. Fullback. 

Referee — Reed. Umpire — Ridley, 

J Evans. 
I House. 

Bangor High School, 10; Bowdoin, '96, 4. 

The Sopbomore team went to Bangor last 
Wednesday and were defeated by a close score, 
thanks to the efforts of the referee, who gave 
Bangor the ball whenever there seemed to be any 
danger of Bowdoin's scoring. 

Bangor High School have always had a good 
foot-ball team, and this year's eleven seems to be 
no exception. The Sophomore team were nearly 
equal in weight to the Bangor men, but did not 
succeed in scoring until the very last of the game, 
when the superior work of the backs told. The 
summary : 

Bangor High School. Bowdoin. 

Palmer. Left End. Libbey. 

Veazie. Left Tackle. Plumstead. 

Hickson. Left Guard. Eastman. 

Gilman. Center. Minot. 

Howard. Right Guard. Coburn. 

Lord. Right Tackle. Newbegin. 

Durgin. Right End. Smith. 

ftron'-} Halfback. | B-^le^; 

Seavey. Quarterback. Ordway. 

C. Sawyer. Fullback. Bates. 

Score— Bangor High School, 10; Bowdoin, 4. Touch- 
downs— Stetson, 2; Ordway. Goals for touchdown — How- 
ard. Time — 50 minutes. 

Sophomores, 12; M. S. C, 10. 

The Sophomore team retrieved their defeat at 

Bangor by beating the Maine State College eleven 

the next day, October 26th, in a hotly contested 

game. The Bowdoin team put lots of snap into 


Left End. 

Left Tackle. 

their work, and made almost all their gains through 
the line. The Orouo eleven ran their backs around 
the ends most of the time, as they could not make 
any gains against the line, although it was lighter 
than their own. '96 bucked the line for all their 
gains, as it was too muddy and slippery to make 
good runs around the ends. Each side made two 
touchdowns. The features of the game were the 
work of Baker and Bailey. The former, especially, 
made some good gains through the line and tackled 
well. The game was played on the Orono Driving 
Park, and a large and enthusiastic crowd was 
present. Bowdoin students were surprised when 
news came that '96 had beaten a college team, 
after having been defeated the day before at 
Bangor. The summary : 

Bowdoin, '96. M. S. C. 

r Farrell. 
I Duncan, 
f Libby. 
I Farnham. 

Eastman. " Left Guard. Delotte. 

Minot. Center. Cole. 

Coburn. Right Guard. Murphy. 

Newbegin. Right Tackle. Murphy. 

Smith. Right End. Rogers. 

Capt. Ordway. Quarterback. Bird. 

Baker. Right Halfback. Haywood. 

Bailey. Left Halfback. Deerham. 

Bates. Fullback. Capt. Urann. 

Referee — Fairbanks. Time — 50 minutes. 

Final score— 12-10. 

Bowdoin, 34; Bates, 0. 

The Bates College foot-ball aggregation came 
down Saturday, October 28th. A game had been 
arranged with Technology, but they decided not to 
come, so the management sent for the Bates eleven. 
They brought down a heavy team and played a 
plucky game throughout. Bowdoin was weakened 
by the loss of Chapman, Fairbanks, and Stevens. 
Dewey was also unable to play until the last half. 

Bowdoin started with the ball in the mud at the 
center of the field. They rushed it rapidly towards 
the goal, and Stubbs made a touchdown in about 
two minutes. Ross missed the goal. 

Bates started with the flying wedge, making a 
good gain. They soon fumbled the ball and Ross 
was down on it. Stubbs got a good run around 
right end, and, after short gains by each of the 
backs, Mitchell carried the ball over for a touch- 
down. Ross kicked the goal, making the score 10-0. 

Bates tried the flying wedge again but made no 
gain. On the third down Brackett punted ; Stubbs 
took the ball around the end for 25 yards, and soon 
Mitchell was seen dodging around the other end 



for 15 yards. Stubbs made a toucbdown. No goal. 
Score, 14-0. 

Bates could not gain tbc necessary five yards, and 
Brackott punted again. Mitchell made a good run 
of J5 yards around the end and the ball was pushed 
steadily up the field, Stubbs carrying it over for a 
touchdown. No goal. Score, 18-0. 

After Bates had started with the usual V, Hicks 
got the ball in a scrimmage and ran half the length 
of the field for a touchdown. No goal. Score, 22-0. 

Bates made a big gain with the wedge, the 
halfback going around the end for 25 yards. Bow- 
doin's line held hard, however, and soon got the 
ball on downs. The ball was pushed up the field 
slowly, and Stubbs got another good run of 30 
yards. Quimby scored the touchdown. Sykes 
kicked goal. Score, 28-0. 

Bowdoin soon had the ball again on downs and 
the backs rushed it fast and hard up the field, 
Quimby getting the touchdown. No goal. Score, 

Bates lost on the V, and Kimball got the ball on 
a punt straight into the line, just as time was called. 

Bates could gain nothing against Bowdoin's line 
and lost the ball on downs. Stubbs went around 
the end for 45 yards. Knowlton failed to kick 
goal. Score, 36-0. 

Bates was soon forced to punt again. Sykes 
got the ball, but after a few rushes the referee gave 
it to Bates. They immediately lost it on downs. 
Stubbs went around the end again for 20 yards and 
Quimby got another touchdown. The goal was 
kicked, making the score 42-0. 

Bates tried the flying wedge again and this time 
successfully, making 20 yards, but the ball was 
Bowdoiu's on downs, and after a few sharp rushes 
Knowlton touched it down behind the line. Goal 
was kicked and the score was 48-0. 

Bates made a short gain with the flying wedge 
and were given five yards for off side play. Bow- 
doin's line was too strong for them and the ball was 
lost on downs. Stubbs made the best run of the 
game, carrying the ball 55 yards around the right 
end. Knowlton kicked the goal. Score, 54-0. 

Bowdoin got the ball again on a fumble and 
rushed it within four yards of the goal, when time 
was called. 

The features of the game were the playing of 
Stubbs, Kimball, and Hicks. Cutts played a star 
game for Bates. It was quite clearly shown in this 
game that the first eleven ought to practice some- 
body an hour a day kicking goals. Twelve points 

were lost by failures, all of which were 

easy chances. 

The teams lined 

up as follows: 




Right End. 



Right Tackle. 

0. Hanscom 

Thomas, j 
Dewey. ( 

Right Guard. 





Stone. j 
Thomas, j 

Left Guard. 



Left Tackle. 

E. Hanscom 


Left End. 





Mitchell. ] 
Knowlton. > 
Stubbs. ) 


j Douglass 
j Small. 




Referee— Crockett. Umpire— Ridley. 

Time— 50m. 

The first in a series of meetings under the 
auspices of the Association was held Sunday even- 
ing, October 22d, in the Congregational church. 
The speaker of the evening was the Kev. Robert 
Hume of India. Mr. Hume has been engaged in 
missionary work in India for nineteen years, and in 
his lecture gave an interesting account of the moral 
and educational progress that has been going on 
during his residence in that country. Presidebt 
Hyde and Professor Houghton assisted in the 
service. Arrangements are being made for similar 
meetings to be held once every month during the 
college year. Prominent speakers will be secured, 
the college choir will furnish music, and it is 
earnestly, hoped that these services may be well 
attended both by students and townspeople. 

The annual sermon before the Bowdoin Y. M. 
C. A. was preached Sunday, October 29th, by Dr. 
J. L. Jenkins of Portland. 

There are a few remaining copies of the Hand- 
book that may be had by any who have not yet 
received them. Apply to G. A. Merrill, '94. 

A feature of the Association work, which for a 
number of years has been allowed to lag, is now 
being renewed with considerable interest. This is 
the weekly Bible class. Several of these classes 
for the informal study of the Bible have been 
formed this term in the different dormitories, and 
an invitation is extended to all men in college to 
join. The classes meet on Tuesday evenings at 
seven o'clock and last an hour. 



w-V>'', , j^ 

ills. George T. Ladd, 
'wife of Professor Ladd, of 
Yale University, died of pneumonia, 
' at New Haven, Conn., October 19th. Pro- 
fessor Ladd filled the chair of Mental and 
Moral Philosophy at Bowrtoin from 1879 
until 1881. 

'25.— Senator James Ware Bradbury, of Augusta, 
has gone upon a trip to the World's Fair at Chicago. 
Very few men of Mr. Bradbury's age would think of 
entering upon such a journey, but the Senator 
travels considerably and seems to derive benefit 
from it. 

'46.— Dr. John S. H. Fogg, of Boston, the well- 
known physician, died on Monday, October 16th. 
He was a native of Eliot, Me., and, after graduating 
from college, went through the Harvard Medical 
School, graduating in 1850. He served in the 
Massachusetts House of Eepresentatives in the year 
1855, and was, also, for many years a member of the 
school board of Boston. He was a member of the 
Massachusetts Genealogical Society, a corresponding 
member of the Maine Historical Society, and widely 
known, also, by members of other state historical 
societies as an expert in our colonial history and an 
authority upon the early period of our United States 
government. He was particularly famous as an 
autographist, however, and his judgment in all 
matters concerning the genuineness and value of 
autographs was unerring. The most remarkable 
instance of his skill, perhaps, was manifested in the 
case of the famous Lefliugwell collection, which 
possessed, among other remarkable features, a fine 
set of autographs of the signers of the Declaration of 
Independence. The legatees were about to sell the 
entire collection for $5,000 at a private sale, when 
Dr. Fogg's attention was called to the matter. In 
accordance with his suggestion the sale was made 
at an auction in Bostou, for which he himself made 
out the whole catalogue, with the result that the 
collection brought a total of $50,000. The Doctor 
leaves behind him a choice collection of his own, 
which he spent many years in gathering. For more 
than twenty years he had suffered from paraplegic 
paralysis, being unable, during all that period, to 

place one foot before the other. But throughout 
his affliction ho had preserved .an unfailing bright- 
ness of mind and patience in suffering which were 
truly wonderful. He has always been an enthusi- 
astic Bowdoin man. He leaves a widow, daughter 
of Dr. Joseph H. Clinch, formerly rector of St. 
Matthew's, South Boston, and one son by a former 
marriage, W. J. G. Fogg, M.D., of South Boston. 

'51. — Philip Henry Bi-own, Esq., eldest son of 
the late Hon. J. B. Brown, and head of the banking 
house of J. B. Brown & Sons, died at his residence 
in Portland, on Wednesday, October 25th. Mr. 
Brown had been ill for some time, but was improv- 
ing and was expected to recover, so that the news 
of his death was a great shock. Mr. Brown was 
born in Portland, October 16, 1831, and fitted for 
college at Portland Academy. After graduation 
ho entered into partnership with his father as man- 
aging agents of the Portland Sugar Company, 
continuing in this capacity until 1870, when the 
banking house was founded. Upon the death of 
his father, some years ago, he became the head of 
the house, and has remained so ever since. In 
connection with his business, Mr. Brown was inter- 
ested in many concerns. He was a director in the 
First National Bank of Portland, vice-president of 
the Atlantic & St. Lawrence Railroad, director of 
the Portland Savings Bank, Portland Trust Com- 
pany, and Portland Safe Deposit Company. He 
was also treasurer of the Maine Historical Society, 
a trustee of the Brown estate and of the Portland 
Public Library. He was the founder of the Brown 
prizes in extemporaneous composition at Bowdoin. 
A man of high literary taste, he never entered into 
the political field. He was an excellent French 
scholar, a patron of art, having a large English and 
French library and fine collection of paintings at 
his home. He made several European trips, writing 
interesting accounts of his journeys in foreign lands. 
In 1854, Mr. Brown married Fanny Clifford, 
daughter of the late Justice Clifford, of the United 
States Supreme Court, who survives him. They have 
sis children living, three sons and three daughters. 
His son, Philip Greeley Brown, was of Bowdoin, '77. 

'52. — Ex-President J. L. Chamberlain, having 
let his Brunswick house for the winter, has gone 
back to his business in New York City. 

'58.— Col. Franklin M. Drew has recently been 
elected treasurer of Bates College. 

'60. — At the third annual dinner of the Eepub- 
lican Club of Massachusetts, in Music Hall, Boston, 
October 25th, Thomas B. Reed was the principal 



speaker of the evening. When he came forward to 
address the gathering, the applause with which he 
was received lasted fully ten minutes and was, 
perhaps, the most enthusiastic ever heard in Boston. 

'61.— Rev. Edwin Smith is pastor of the Congre- 
gational church at Bedford, near Boston, Mass. 

'77.— E. M. Cousins has resigned the pastorate 
of the Warren Congregational Church, Westbrook, 
where he has been for several years. He has 
declined recent calls to Hopkinton and North 
Andover, Mass., and will occupy the position of 
field secretary of the Maine Missionary Society, a 
recently created ofSce, involving the presentation 
of the society's work to the churches of the State. 

'78. — Mr. Hartley C. Baxter has sold his yacht, 
Pappoose, to the Herreshoffs. He is to have them 
build him a new yacht, to be completed April 1st, 
with the following dimensions: length, 110 feet; 
beam, 13 feet 8 inches; with triple expansion 
engine, capable of steaming fourteen and one-half 
miles an hour. 

'78.— Barrett Potter, Esq., of Brunswick, went to 
the World's Fair, in Chicago, on Saturday, October 
21st, in the the party which left Lewiston on that 

'80. — Henry A. Wing is managing editor of the 
Lewiston Daily Sun, established a few months ago. 

'80. — A. M. Edwards has been chosen chief clerk 
of the Liberal Arts Department at the World's Fair. 
He has lately been so unfortunate as to lose his 
valuable law library by fire. 

'84. — Professor Z. W. Kemp, who has lately 
been Professor of Latin in Tabor Academy, has 
been elected Professor of Latin and Greek in the 
French Protestant College of Springfield, Mass. 

'85. — 0. R. Cook has been elected principal of 
the Braintree, Mass., High School. 

'88. — G. H. Larrabee is principal of Bridgton 

'89. — Sidney G. Stacy, who has graduated from 
Johns Hopkins University, will fill the chair of Lan- 
guages at Grinnell College, Iowa. 

'91. — Thomas S. Burr is teaching Old Town 
High School and has been showing his scholars 
something about foot-ball. 

'91.— Emerson Hilton played on Boston Athletic 
Association against Amherst, Saturday, the 28th. 

'91. — G. A. Porter has resigned his position as 
assistant cashier of the First National Bank of 

'91.— Frank M. Tukey and John Hastings have 
been playing on the Boston Athletic Association 

foot-ball team this year, and participated in the 
Bowdoin game. 

'92. — Frederic G. Swett, of Bangor, has been 
engaged in coaching' the Bangor High .School eleven 
this fall. 

'93. — Richard C. Payson, of Portland, has been 
giving the Portland High School eleven some points 
on foot- ball this fall. 

'93.— Milton S. Clifford, associate editor of the 
Bangor Commercial, has been nominated a justice 
of the peace by Governor Cleaves. 

'93.— E. H. Carleton, who has been coaching the 
Dartmouth second eleven, played fullback on Dart- 
mouth against Harvard and Yale. 

Ex-'93.— Lucian Stacy has been playing a rattling 
game as halfback on West Point this year. 

Book I^eviewg. 

(Classic Myths in English Literature, edited by 
C. M. Gayley. Ginn & Co.) We take pleasure in 
recommending this book to our readers. Much 
which is beautiful and imaginative in our literature 
is founded upon ancient myths and traditions. For 
this reason some of our best poetical works are 
beyond the understanding of the average reader, 
because of tlioir unfamiliarity with literary allusions. 
The author has brought together in this volume 
not only the best myths of the Greeks and Romans, 
but also of the Germans and Norsemen, which have 
acclimated themselves in English-speaking lands- 
The way in which these traditions are illustrated 
by familiar English and American poems is both 
pleasing and instructive. The poems selected not 
only furnish a beautiful translation of the original 
classics, but are gems in themselves. In these valu- 
able parts of the work the author was greatly 
assisted by Rev. E.G. Guild's " Bibliography of Greek 
Mythology in English Poetry of the Nineteenth 
Century." Almost every page contains illustrations, 
and the maps and commentaries make it a useful 
and valuable book for every man's library. 

(Brigitta, by Bertholcl Auerbach, edited by J. 
Howard Gore, Ph. D. Ginn & Co.) This story, 
because of its simplicity of construction, is especially 
fitted for sight reading or regular work in a less 
advanced class. Some of the descriptive parts of the 
work have been omitted for sake of brevity. The 
notes at the bottom of the page are of great assist- 
ance to the student. 



(The Beginner's Greek Composition, by Collar 
and Daniell. Ginn & Co.) The work of this book 
is based upon tlic first book of the Anabasis. The 
sentences are simple but continuous, furnishing an 
excellent preparation for translating into Greek 
connected narrative. 

Scraps of paper — 

How they scatter. 
'Twas a thought, 

P.ut then, no matter, 
Kow 'tis gone. 

Scraps of paper^ 

There's relief 
lu the rending, 

. Seldom grief, 
When they're torn. 

Scraps of paper 

In the basket — 
There's a reason — 
(Do not ask it), 
AVliy they're torn.— Yale Courant, 
An effort is being made by friends of E. T. 
McLaughlin, professor iu English at Yale, who died 
last summer, to establish a menaorial fund of $1,000, 
the income of which will be used as a Freshman 
prize in English composition. Any surplus will be 
used for a memorial window or tablet to Professor 

At Bowdoin College there is an agreement 
between the faculty and fraternities, that all initia- 
tions shall occur upon tlic same night. A cut is 
granted the morning following tho initiation. We 
think this would work well at Colby. — Colby Echo. 
Tradition has brought about the simultaneous 
initiation system ; the agreement doesn't exist. 
We assure the Colby Echo that we are dependent 
for "adjourns" upon the indulgence of professors, 
or, sometimes, upon strategem. We think with tho 
Echo that the scheme would work well, and wish it 
were established here. 





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only in my practice, but in my own in- 
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Beware of Substitutes and Imitations. 

Mention Orient when Patronizing Our Advertisers. 


Vol. XXIII. 


No. 9. 





F. W. PiCKABD, '94, ManagiDg Editor. 

F. J. LiBEY, '94, Assistant Managing Editor. 

B. L. Bryant, '95, Business Manager. 

H. E. Andrews, '94. A. G. Wiley, '95. 

E. M. Simpson, '94. J. C. Minot, '96. 

H. "W. Thayer, '95. H. H. Pierce, '96. 

J. E. Dunning. 

Per annum, in advance. 
Single Copies, 

. $2.00. 
15 Cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained atthe bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Manager. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Manager. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Bhyme and Keason Department should be 
sent to Box 6, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should be sent to Box 140, Brunswick, Me. 

Eutered at the Post-OBce at Brunswick as Second-Class Mai I Matter. 

Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston, Maine. 


Vol. XXIII., No. 9.— November 15, 1893. 

Editorial Notes, 151 

Wiiy Not Have (College Theatricals ? 153 

A Hare and Hound Club, 153 

Shall it Continue ? I54. 

A Change, 151. 

The Pessioptimist, 155 

Rhyme and Reason: 

Night-Fall 156 

Purgatory 156 

Ode to Our Visitors, I57 

CoLLEGii Tabula, 157 

Athletics, 360 

Y. M. U. A '. '. ! 162 

Personal, 162 

In Memoriam, 163 

Book Reviews, 164 

College World 164 

The way that the foot-ball games 
are sometimes reported for tlie papers is too 
bad to pass without comment. For a man 
who knows nothing about foot-ball to attempt 
either criticism or praise of a game, or, indeed, 
to say anything about it, is to make a dan- 
gerous leap in the dark. He will make a 
bad business of it in nine cases out of ten. 
Only one that has made a careful study of 
the game and that, too, a practical study, is 
really competent to write up one of our 
games for the papers. Even then one is 
none too sure that he will give credit always 
where credit is due. Before sending in an 
account of a game a discussion of it with 
some one who took part in it would not be 
bad for some of our reporters, judging by 
the trash we sometimes find under the head- 
ing "Bowdoin College Foot-Ball." We want 
the college kept in the papers. It is not 
mentioned frequently enough now. But we 
want to be represented to the public in a way 
that shall do us credit, not work us harm. 

TT7HE repairing of the Reading-Room is now 
■■■ an accomplished fact. Sloping stands, 
such as are used in any well-appointed room 
of the sort, have been placed along the walls 
and down the middle of the room, and the 
papers are fastened upon them. New electric 



lights have been put in, or soon will be, 
enough to illumine all corners and make 
the papers readable wherever located. And 
at last all things will be running smoothly 
in that abode of mischief. In renovating 
Maine Hall the authorities went on the 
principle that, if they only fixed it up well 
enough, the students would have the requi- 
site amount of pride to keep it in good 
order. The results show that their con- 
fidence was not misplaced. In repairing the 
Reading-Room the same general principle 
was acted on by the committee and, we hope, 
with the same success. We have always 
been saying that, if the room was made 
decent, we would keep it so. So let those 
whose electric lights burn out buy new ones 
for a while. There will then be no occasion 
for abstracting the papers, and all will go 
well. The remainder of this term will be a 
crisis in the history of this hitherto unfort- 
unate institution. If we do not start out 
right, its case is hopeless. If we all take an 
interest in it, however, we have a chance 
to make the Reading-Room of value to us. 
It is simply a question of abstaining from 
"swiping," and that ought not to be hard. 
Let us try it, any way, remembering that the 
fate of the Bowdoiu College Reading-Room 
depends on our success. 

TITHE enthusiasm for foot-ball seems to 
-■■ occupy the attention ,of the student- 
body completely this fall to the exclusion of 
all other interests. At the beginning of the 
term the Orient made some amazingly lib- 
eral offers of prizes for stories and poems. 
As yet the responses have been few. There 
must be some embryonic story-writers in 
college and there must be more poets than 
have mounted Pegasus as yet. Under the 
inspiration of our prize offer do let the fancj' 
run riot for an afternoon and send us the 
result. We can't promise to publish it, but 

if our stock of matter be long as depleted as 
it is at present, the chances are that we shall. 

T>OWDOIN is growing so rapidly now, so 


many men are annually inscribing their 

names upon her rolls, that there is coming to 
be a wide diversity of interests here that 
must be recognized. All do not care for 
foot-ball or tennis or base-ball. All do not 
play the banjo or sing divinely or write 
poetry. There are a hundred men in college 
that have no taste for any of these things. 
It is to such that the two suggestions on the 
following page are offered. We would not 
deprive foot-ball of any of its devotees nor 
the Glee and Banjo Club of any of its faithful 
members. But we would like to see some of 
this unused talent enlisted in a cause that 
should draw out its latent enthusiasm. The 
college spirit would certainly profit by it. 
The college would be advertised. The surer 
a young man was of finding his own peculiar 
interests represented liere, the more would 
he want to come in preference to going else- 
where. There are undoubtedly men in Bow- 
doin to whom each of these two articles will 
appeal. We hope they will take action in 
accordance with the suggestions. 

TN CONNECTION with foot-ball this week, 
•*• there are a number of points to be spoken 
of. Of course, the college was delighted 
and fully satisfied with the score of the 
Tufts game. Our team showed us its ability 
to play good foot-ball, and completely out- 
played its opponents. 

But, as an incidental result of the game, 
our old failing in athletics — undue self-con- 
fidence among the members of the team — 
has unmistakably appeared. Last week, 
many of the plaj^ers were missing at the 
nightly practice, many of them have gone 
out of training, and there is a general lack 
of enthusiasm for work that will bring us 



disaster before tlie season is over, unless 
checked soon. Even the second eleven and 
the very class teams are losing some of the 
zest with which they practiced at first, and 
the 'Varsit}' eleven has, once or twice, had 
no team to line up against. Possibly they 
can do without practice, but it does not 
seem best to try the experiment now, with 
hard games coming in the near future. 

Another thing suggested by the work of 
last week is the folly of playing games with 
the other Maine colleges, except to fill dates 
here in Brunswick. Saturday, the team 
played in Waterville. The crowd of "yag- 
gers" was continually on the field, interfering 
with the men and making things generally 
unpleasant. Certainly our scores show that we 
are not in the same class with them. So why 
not, hereafter, let them come to us if thev 
wish to play; at least, until they can make 
us work to win ? We should save what 
money we have to play against Dartmouth or 
Brown or one of the Massachusetts colleges. 

But when we have a good game here in 
Brunswick it is the duty of every college 
man, who has a quarter, in his pocket or can 
borrow one, to attend it, and thus support 
and show an interest in the work of his team. 
During some of the recent games, the Medical 
Building and North Winthrop offered to 
many irresistible facilities of witnessing the 
playing, while a few Freshmen coolly slid 
under the canvas. Still others had not even 
this interest, and played tennis or worked 
while our prestige in foot-ball was being 
decided. The college spirit in this direction 
needs a little cultivation. 

Why Not Have College Theat- 

TN EVERY college town except Brunswick, 
■*• college theatricals are the social feature 
of the winter season. They are really looked 
forward to by the people of those towns as 

the great event of the year. Why could they 
not be inaugurated here ? Such an under- 
taking could not fail of being successful. 
The complaint is made concerning the Ath- 
letic Association by the townsfolk that it lacks 
originality and that there is not enough 
variety in the performances from year to 
year. This is unavoidable in the Exhibition, 
but of theatricals no such complaint could 
be made. 

Either by the formation of a Dramatic 
Club or as an undertaking of the student- 
body as a whole the thing might be accom- 
plished. Let some popular and energetic 
members of the upper classes take charge, 
select a play, and pick from the men avail- 
able such as would be suitable for the parts. 
Should there be need of feminine aid, no one 
can doubt the willingness of the Brunswick 
ladies to respond. But such would probably 
be unnecessary. 

The financial object could, of course, be 
athletics or anj- other deserving college need. 

With theatricals in the winter, the Ath- 
letic Exhibition in the early spring, and the 
minstrel show — which should be forthcom- 
ing this year — in June, the social relations 
between the students and town would be 
enlivened and strengthened. 

A Hare and Hound Club. 

NOW as the foot-ball season is almost over, 
there comes the query, what shall we 
do these clear, cool afternoons? 

How can this be better answered than by 
immediately forming a Hare and Hound 
Club ? What more invigorating sport is there 
than running a few miles across country with 
a score of fellows in the brisk, biting air? 

There are a large number of fellows in 
college who do not go into foot-ball, but who 
would jump at the chance to join a cross- 
country club. In such an organization one 
would get all the advantages derived from 



foot-ball, without receiving the hard knocks 
and bruises incident to playing that game. 
One strong point in its favor is the train- 
ing which it would give to aspirants to the 
college athletic team. The sharp runs would 
get them into condition, so that when the 
winter terra opened, the men who had been 
active members of the club would be broken 
in, ready for hard training in the gymnasium. 
Therefore let us immediately form a Hare 
and Hound Club, and enjoy to the fullest 
these beautiful November days. 

Shall it Continue? 
C^TILL the pastime of breaking windows 
}^ with the foot-ball goes merrily on. Such 
wanton and utterly foolish destruction de- 
serves to be called nothing short of vandalism. 
As a body of students we are speedily 
approaching that condition which formerly 
existed here, when there was a member of 
the faculty in each "end" to prevent the 
useless destruction of college property. We 
are rapidly bringing up our average of 
repairs, certainl}'. Is not a single request to 
consider the public good sufficient to deter- 
mine our action in this matter, or must we 
go on until cold weather stops us? 

A Change. 

NO, CHESTER, I cannot be your wife." 
The words were spoken by a tall, grace- 
ful girl, just budding into womanhood. She 
was standing with one hand resting on the 
arm of a large, old-fashioned chair, and the 
light from the chandelier shaded the delicate, 
Grecian face and shone upon the wavy blonde 
hair, making a beautiful picture indeed. The 
words were spoken in a gentle tone, as if 
the speaker were somewhat reluctant to 
wound the feelings of the young man oppo- 
site ; yet she went on inexorably : " The 
man I marry need not be rich, but he must 
be talented and must have done some noble 

The young fellow turned from her and, 
taking his hat from the rack, left the house. 
He walked as if in a dream. This unexpected 
refusal from a girl whom he had every reason 
to suppose had loved him was almost too 
much to bear. Chester Johnson was young, 
only twenty, but, having inherited great 
wealth from his father and being gifted with 
those finer sensibilities which make a man 
popular with the best women, he had sup- 
posed that this girl whom he had loved would 
surely accept him. He went to his elegant 
room, threw off his clothing, scattering it in 
all four corners, and retired. In the morn- 
ing, when he awoke, the words of the girl 
rang in his ears : " The man I marry need 
not be rich, but he must be talented and 
must have done some noble deed." "I will 
win that girl yet ! " he ejaculated, as he 
sprang from his luxurious bed. It was now 
the last of August, and the middle of Septem- 
ber found him entering Yale College. His 
friends were somewhat surprised at the step 
he had taken, and for a time it was the talk 
of his associates in the city. He entered into 
the spirit of college life with all the zeal pos- 
sible, and won honors both in scholarship 
and in athletics, which were coming at that 
time to be recognized more and more as part 
of a man's education. His career at Yale 
was a very successful one, and he came to be 
popular with his professors and classmates 
alike, the former admiring his brilliant 
talents, the latter his proficiency in athletics. 
He thoroughly enjoyed the associations and 
good times of his college course ; yet he 
kept in mind the purpose for which he came. 
Having a taste for the German language he 
resolved to study abroad in one of the large 
German universities. After being graduated 
with high honors from Yale, therefore, he 
crossed the ocean and began his work 
among the students of the University of 
Leipsic. We need not follow him dui'ing 
his course there. It was an uneventful one, 



not unlike that of all American students 
who go to Germany to finish that education 
which was started and put upon a firm basis 
in a New England college. 

Chester resolved to return home and teach 
the language which he had come to love 
second only to his own. During the trip 
across the ocean he became quite well 
acquainted with an elderly couple. They 
had with them a little child and seemed 
greatly attached to the pretty bit of 
humanity. Elsie was a handsome and a 
spoiled child, always having done precisely 
as she pleased. Chester also became much 
attached to the little one, and would sit and 
tell her stories for hours. 

When the steamer reached New York and 
was slowly steaming up to her dock, the little 
child was standing on a seat with her hands 
on the railing, watching the crowd which 
is usually collected to see a steamer land. 
It had been stormy the night before and the 
waves were rather boisterous. The steamer 
struck the dock a little harder than the 
captain had meant that she should. A child's 
scream rent the air, and every one turned 
just in time to see Elsie's childish form sink 
in the foaming water of tlie dock. Quick as 
a flash a tall, lithe form sprang from the stern 
and struck right beside the place where the 
little girl sank. Chester Johnson seized the 
child with his right hand and struck out 
towards a fishing boat that, while passing 
near, had seen tlie catastrophe and had 
turned to his relief. Soon the strong man 
and the little child were on board the steamer 
again, and the little one was kissed and wept 
over until the father suggested that she be 
taken below and dressed in dry clothing. 
Then, turning to the young man, he said: 
"What can I ever do to repay you, sir, for 
your noble deed?" Chester told him that 
it was nothing more than any one would 
have done, but the old gentleman, not willing 
to let the acquaintance drop, insisted that he 
should come to his house on the following 

evening. Accordingly Chester went, and 
during the evening he related the whole of 
his story to his elderly friend. "Why, 
my dear sir," the old man said, " That 
young lady lives next door now, and I am 
very sure that, if 3'ou should call to see her, 
you would not need any one to identify you." 
Chester sprang from his chair with a glad 
light in his eyes. He went to her house and 
rang the bell. There came to the door a 
tall, graceful woman, with the same Grecian 
face and blonde hair that he had seen years 
ago. " Edith ! " " Oh, Chester ! " 

Let us leave them here, he having accom- 
plished his aim, and she, as she heard his 
tale, realizing the wondrous change. 

yiTHERE are many colleges in this country 
-*- which have weekly or bi-weekly papers 
published by the students thereof. There 
are comparatively few where the value of 
such a paper is realized, as ma}' be easily seen 
by a casual review of some of them. That a 
bright, well-edited, representative journal is 
a source of much benefit and enjoyment is a 
well-attested fact; that those qualities can 
be infused into its pages by a board of editors 
of say a half score of members, and by them 
alone, is doubtful. The college paper in its 
ideal form is not the work of the editors 
whose names one may read in glorious array 
at the head of each issue. It is the work of 
the student body, collected and edited by the 
editors, and in this way alone is representa- 
tive of that body and the institution itself. 

That ten men can deliberately construct 
every two weeks a periodical that, besides 
being up to the required standard of literary 
merit will be thoroughlj' representative of a 
body of two hundred other men, is a physical 
impossibility, and has never been known to 
occur. Too many readers of college papers 



have the idea that the annual payment of the 
subscription, and a fortnightly grumbling at 
the faults of the sheet, constitute strong sup- 
port on their part, and rest easily in the 
knowledge of duty well done. As to the con- 
tribution of original matter which might be 
of use and interest to many readers, nothing 
is done, even in the cases of men with much 
ability, and the editors are left to supply as 
best they can the demand for a bright and 
representative paper. 

These remarks have, of course, nothing to 
do with Bowdoin College. But in many 
small colleges the constant complaint of the 
editors is that while everybody pays his sub- 
scription promptly, there is no original copy 
sent to the manager for perusal and possible 
publication, a general feeling of coldness and 
apathy seeming to pervade all in regard to 
the journal they ought to support. So the 
board of editors must sit down and grind out 
matter which, when put in the mouths of the 
students, to the surprise of everybody often 
"falls flat" and proves weak and ineffective. 

A Harvard graduate writing to the Neiv 
York Sun deplores the way in wliich, as he 
says, that institution has been " dragged 
into politics" by President Eliot, and in no 
unmistakable terms expresses his opinion on 
the subject. If such is the case the writer 
has just cause for complaint. A college as 
an institution of learning where the princi- 
ples of an education are taught is no place 
for partisan bias or unfair exposition of those 
principles. After reading the article in the 
Su?i, Bowdoin students can but feel proud 
to know that such a sentiment is not allowed 
to creep into our faculty, and that our 
instructors, though men of thought and 
action in political and party affairs, do in no 
way conduct their classes other than as fair 
and impartial men. 


Pale Night came stealing o'er the mountains, 

Fair Night, that stills the throbbing breast, 

That leadeth feet in paths of dreamland 

And giveth to the weary rest. 

And guardeth all with tender eyes— 

The stars that fill the glowing skies. 

Her flowing locks were dark, dim shadows, 
Her face was wreathed in silvery clouds, 
And soft, with cool, caressiog fingers. 
She folded Day in dusky shrouds, 
And called the dew, a loving tear, 
To fall upon his star-strewn bier. 

And low empillowed on her bosom 

She wooed the poor earth-child to sleep, 

Unheeding vehether in the morning 

He would awake to smile or weep. 

Dear Night, who calms the world in peace ; 

Blest Night, who giveth pain's release. 


(From the French of Coppde.) 

I had a dream— that I was dead. 

A dread voice spake : " Thy soul make moan, 

For it, to fateful sorrow wed, 

Shall live again, till it atone. 

' When northern winds blow wild in some 
Autumnal wood with cruel cry, 
A restless, wandering bird become." 

'I thank thee, then to her I fly." 

' Nay, then. Become a lonely tree, 
And, leaf-clothed, in the shivering blast 
Endure them wrenched and torn from thee." 

'I yet o'er her a shield may cast." 

' Then, heart so full of earthly love, 
A bruised and rolling pebble be 
Ground 'neath the carriage wheels above." 

' But yet, her foot may tread on me." 

' Rash one ! " — at last the dread voice tore 
All comfort from this heart of mine- 

'Be thou a living man once more. 
But feel her love no longer thine." 



Ode to Our Visitors. 

guests, dear children of the bovine race, 
Ye came and blessed us in this dreary place 
And gave us sunshine for a little space. 

Sweet joy and mirthfulness ye gladly brought. 
We gamboled with you, tho' as yet untaught 
In calfish ways, and pleasure came unsought. 

Ah! would I Horace were your rustic praise 
To sing, and may you yet thro' fleeting days 
Beguile our hearts with sportive, artless ways. 

The Bugle editors are 
keeping quiet all this time, but 
they are getting in some great work 
on the sly, and gathering a mass of 
material for their publication. They 
intend to have it beat all previous rec- 
ords. Churchill is managing editor, and W. S. A. 
Kimball, business editor. 

Williamson, '88, was in town recently. 
Kelly, '91, called on friends in college recently. 
The edition of '94 Bugles is nearly disposed of. 
Jackson, '95, will prohably not return to college. 
The annual college catalogue will be out this 

Lynam, '89, has been a recent visitor to the 

Games with Brown and Dartmouth are being 

The English Literature class is beginning upon 
Chaucer this week. 

Tennis retains its hold, though the courts are 
hardened by the frost. 

Dreka has sent some very pretty calendars 
to the various societies. 

The Juniors made their advent in the chemical 
laboratory last Thursday. 

Professor McDonald gave the Seniors an adjourn 
Monday in Political Science. 

Several Colby and Bates men were here to wit- 
ness the Bowdoin-Tufts game. 

Owen, '89, now sub-master of Thornton Academy, 
witnessed the Bowdoin-Tufts game. 

Col. Robert G. Ingersoll will deliver a lecture in 
the City Hall, Lewiston, November 21st. 

A fortune-teller down town has been collecting 
a little odd change from some of the boys. 

Every Sunday large numbers of visitors are on 
the campus to admire the new buildings. 

Mrs. W. H. McDonald, wife of Professor McDon- 
ald, has formed a literature class in Augusta. 

Emphatic measures have been taken to dis- 
courage reading or studying in church or chapel. 

Ordway has been elected juryman from '96 in 
place of Merriman, who will not return this year. 

The annual harvest of the campus leaves is 
being very slowly, though steadily, pushed forward. 

The clear nights of last week afiforded the 
Astronomy class delightful opportunities for star- 

Badger, '95, who has been teaching in North 
Anson the past year, will return to college Novem- 
ber 25th. 

The Senior Metallurgy Division have made 
arrangements for a visit to the Rolling Mills in 

"Columba," by Prosper Merimee, is the second 
hook in the course of outside reading for the 

Quite a large number are planning to teach this 
winter, and some will go out before the end of the 
present term. 

The Simpson House, so full of tender recollec- 
tions to many Bowdoin men, was burned to the 
ground last week. 

Professor MacDonald entertained sevei'al of the 
leading members of the Political Science class at 
lunch, last week. 

Bliss, '94, was obliged by illess to go home last 
week. During his absence, Clough, '96, presided 
at the chapel organ. 

The attempt made last week to elect a base-ball 
captain for the ensuing year resulted in a tie 
between Plaisted and Allen. 

A very large and elaborate atlas of the world, 
published by Rand & McNally, is one of the recent 
popular additions to the library. 



Quite a party of students accompanied the '1)7 
class eleven to Augusta, last week, to witness their 
victory over tbe Colby Freshmen. 

Treasurer Young's family sailed for Europe, last 
week. He went to Boston to see them off, aud, 
during the winter, will follow them. 

Merrill, '96, has left college, and it is doubtful if 
he will return this year. He is in the Franklin 
County Savings Bank at Farmington. 

Under the coaching of Shaw, '95, the Thornton 
Academy team was again victorious over Biddeford 
High School last Wednesday in foot-ball. 

In the management of the library, the year is 
regarded as beginning June 1st, and, in the half 
now nearly ended, 977 books have been added. 

President Hyde and Professor Houghton were 
in Boston last week as the Bowdoin delegates to 
the convention of New" England college presidents. 

Some dormitory regulations, imported from a 
military school, were posted in the ends last week, 
and caused much consternation among the Freshmen. 

The laborious work of measuring the Freshmen 
is nearly completed, and they may now be seen, 
note-book in hand, going through the daily routine 
in the Gym. 

The A A $ fraternity, in a body, enjoyed a hay- 
rack ride, last Thursday evening. They took 
supper at the Gurnet House, and had a most 
pleasant time. 

The Cleaveland cabinet is open for public use 
every Saturday afternoon from two till five. Admis- 
sion may be obtained at other times by applying to 
the curator, Briggs. 

Roberts, '95, treated the members of his frater- 
nity to an elaborate "set up" at Given's, last week. 
The occasion was the election of his father as state 
comptroller of New York. 

Already the following perplexing question is 
puzzling the minds of many : What will the college 
class be called that graduates in 1900? Will it be 
designated as the class of '00 1 

Pickard, '94, is having trouble with his eyes, 
and has been obliged to give up all college work 
for several weeks. His place as managing editor of 
the Okient is filled by Libby, '94. 

The Bowdoin College Republican Club received 
an invitation to participate in the rally in Portland 
Saturday night. Unfortunately the telegram was 
received too late to admit of action on it. 

The Freshmen have not yet selected their 

officers, colors, or yell, but hope to get around to 
them all soon. Fogg is acting president of the 
class, and Hagar, secretary and treasurer. 

Professor Lee is to deliver a series of lectures 
in Augusta upon "The Science of Biology." The 
following dates have been arranged : November 
10th and 20th, December 4th and 18th, January 
8th and 22d. 

Currier and Ross, '94, are doing quite a lively 
trade in the college pin business. Their rival pins, 
are both of the pennant style, but are much unlike 
in appearance. Both are pretty and tasty, nuii 
both are proving popular. 

Much interest was manifested in the recent 
elections throughout the country, and the political 
feeling of the college was well shown by the joyous 
manner in which the news of the overwhelming 
Republican victory was received. 

Work on the immense Searles Scientific Building 
is being rushed, and the walls are now all up to the 
third aud last story. The crew of stone workmen 
was largely increased last week. With good 
weather the tenth of December will see it roofed in. 

News has been received that John S. Tucker, 
of West Upton, Mass., who has recently died, has 
made Bowdoin one of his residuary legatees. It is 
thought the college will receive about $500. Mr. 
Tucker was of the class of '.53, but was obliged by 
poverty to leave college. 

The '96 turkey supper came off most success- 
fully last Wednesday, at .3.30 a.m. Nearly the 
whole class participated, though a few were unable 
to release themselves from the chains of Somnus 
until the cheers and songs of their classmates, 
marching around the campus, aroused them. 

All the rubbish, refuse building material, fences, 
etc., have been removed from around the Walker Art 
Building, and the work of grading to the level of 
the surrounding campus is well along. In the next 
Orient will be given a detailed history of this 
structure and a full description of the building and 

Around the sides of the reading-room and 
along its center have been put sloping racks, upon 
which the files of papers are to be kept. It is 
trusted that this new arrangement, with improved 
morals on the part of the students, will make the 
room much more of a credit to the college than 

A little excitement broke up the monotony about 
the Art Building recently, when a small bonfire 



kindled the grass in the vicinity and the whole force 
of worliraen there was required to put it out. Aud 
not uutil one of the faculty appeared with a pail of 
water aud a broom did the fire succumb to their 
heroic efforts. 

Two weeks more to Thanksgiving. Governor 
Cleaves has confirmed the proclamation of the 
President, and November 30th is the day. As 
usual there will be adjourns for the rest of that 
week, and nearly all the students will go home. On 
account of this the next Orient will appear a day 
or two earlier. 

Several parties have driven or walked to Harps- 
well, on recent Snndays, to hear that veteran 
alumnus. Rev. Elijah Kellogg, of whom Bowdoin is 
so proud. It is a delightful trip, and all who go 
feel more than repaid. An effort is being made 
to have Mr. Kellogg speak here in the church or 
chapel some Sunday. 

There was much interest in last Saturday's 
Portland-Bangorgame, and quite a party of students 
went in to Portland to witness it. Portland won, 
4 to 0, after a hard game. These teams are doubt- 
less the best among the Maine fitting schools, and 
the return game at Bangor next Saturday will be 
watched with much interest. 

Professor and Mrs. Woodruff entertained the 
Sophomore Greek division, last Tuesday evening, 
in a most delightful manner. President and Mrs. 
Hyde, Professor and Mrs. Houghton, and Professor 
Files were present. The Greek division has just 
finished the Alcestis of Euripides, and will next 
take up Iphigenia in Tauris by the same author. 

The fourth and last themes of the term are due 
Friday, November 17th. The following subjects 
were given out : Juniors — Should Railroads be 
Owned and Controlled by the Government? What 
Qualities are Essential to Success in Journalism f 
Who is the First American Novelist of To-day ? 
Sophomores— The Andover House ; a Story of New 
England Country Life. George Eliot's "Daniel 

The Sophomore prize speakers have been an- 
nounced as follows : C. E. Baker, Alna ; J. H. 
Bates, West Sumner; H. 0. Clough, Kennebuuk- 
port ; H. W. Coburn, Weld; Howard Gilpatric, 
Biddeford ; C. A. Knight, Brunswick ; Preston 
Kyes, North Jay ; J. C. Minot, Belgrade ; G. T. 
Ordway, Boston ; R. 0. Small, Berlin Falls, N. H. ; 
A. P. Ward, Freeport. The speaking will occur 
December 2lst. 

Mr. Doring, who has been coaching the foot-ball 
boys since the season opened, finished his duties 
aud went home, November 1st. Being an old 
Dartmouth player himself and understanding the 
game thoroughly, he proved an excellent coach and 
improved the eleven, especially the line men, in a 
very marked manner. He was a genial gentleman 
and made himself popular with all. 

Rev. Archibald Foster, D.D., of Boston, spoke 
to the students in the chapel Sunday afternoon. 
Mr. Foster is the national superintendent of the 
American Sunday-School Union. He drew some 
very interesting and instructive lessons from the 
life of Francis Parkman, commending especially his 
perseverance, thoroughness, and purpose as a his- 
torian. The singing of the chapel quartette — Lord, 
Peaks, Dana, and Willard — was especially fine. 

General Chamberlain is chairman, and Professor 
Chapman, secretary, of the committee in charge of 
the centennial anniversary of the college, next 
June. They announce that Chief Justice Fuller, 
'53, will deliver the oration ; Arlo Bates, '76, the 
poem ; and that James McKeeu, '64, will preside at 
the dinner. It is undecided whether the exercises 
will be in a large tent or temporary structure on 
the south end of the campus, or in the Town Hall. 

Following the time-honored, but rather repre- 
hensible custom, the Sophomores got in a hard 
night's work on Halloween, aud it was not difficult 
to see the results on the next morning. The deco- 
rations and festoonings of the campus were elaborate 
and artistic. The familiar tones of the chapel bell 
were missed, and it was only after the most stren- 
uous efforts in twenty years, so the genial aud 
patient Mr. Booker admitted, that he was able to 
gain an entrance to the chapel. The Freshmen 
also left traces of patient toil that night. The 
usual sequel followed the events of Halloween. 

As the foot-ball season draws to a close the 
interest in the class game increases. The Sopho- 
mores and Freshmen will meet in the long looked- 
for struggle next Saturday afternoon on the delta. 
Both teams have had good practice and have 
won victories over outside teams, and a close and 
hard-fought game may be looked for. The Seniors 
and Juniors do not seem to get their teams at work, 
and it is very doubtful if there is a game between 
elevens representing these two classes. This is to 
be regretted, as a series of class games would 
be much more interesting and more beneficial to the 
foot-ball interests of the college than the one 
Sophomore-Freshman game. 




Sowdoin, 46; Portland High School, 0. 
The Poithiud High School team played a picked 
eleven on the delta, Wednesday, November 1st. 
The Bowdoiu team did not play the game that was 
expected of it, and the Portland boys tackled so 
well that Bowdoin did not succeed in biickiug the 
line to very great advantage. The tackling of 
Sinkinson, Dana, and Fuller was the best feature 
of the game. Bowdoin's individual playing was 
fairly good, but the team work was at times very 
ragged. Stubbs made some fine runs around the 
right end. The teams lined up as follows: 
Bowdoin. P. H. S. 

Foster. Right End. Fuller. 

Kimball. Right Tackle. Hawkes. 

Right Guard. 

Dewey. / 
Merrill. ( 


Left End. 

j Dow. 
I Baxter. 

Dennison. Center. Roberts. 

Wilbur. Left Guard. Dyer. 

Hicks. Left Tackle. Gould. 

f Sinkinson. 
I Dana. 
( Crocker. 
( Buxton. 

Stubbs. j Halfbackq ( Sullivan. 

Buck. ( Halfbacks. j ganborne. 

Quimby. Fullback. j |™,„,. 

Referee— Ridley. Umpire — Home. Time— 20 and 10 

Bowdoin Sophomores, 40 ; Thornton Academy, 0. 

'96 heat Thornton Academy at Saco Driving Park, 
on the afternoon of November 1st. The game was 
very interesting from start to finish and held the 
attention of a good crowd of spectators. The Bow- 
doin team easily outclassed the Academy eleven, 
both in weight and knowledge of the game. Bailey, 
Baker, and Warren, each made several good gains. 
Warren kicked six goals out of seven chances. 
The teams: 

T. A. Bowdoin. 

Pingree. Left End. Libby. 

Barrows. Left Tackle. Plumstead. 

Deering. Left Guard. Eastman. 

Preble. Center. Minot. 

Milliken. Right Guard. Coburn. 

Kimball. Right Tackle. Newbegin. 

Hodgdon. Right End. Smith. 

Mclntire. Quarterback. Ordway. 

Berry. Left Halfback. Bailey. 

Wakefield. Right Halfback. Baker. 

Fairfield. Fullback. Warren. 

Referee— Bates. Umpire — Goodale. 

Bowdoin, 14 ; Tufts, 4. 

It was rather rainy and disagreeable on the 
afternoon of November 4th; still, quite a large 
crowd assembled to see the best game of foot-ball 
ever played in Brunswick. The game was intensely 
exciting throughout, and the police and directors 
had to spend most of their time in keeping the 
crowd off the field. Mitchell broke away in a 
scrimmage in the first half and would have easily 
scored a touchdown if he had not slipped in the 
mud. The work of the backs was especially good, 
and Chapman's work at left end was up to his high 
standard of last year, although he has not practiced 
at all this season. Tufts started with the ball 
and gained five yards on the first rush. After a 
few short gains through the line the ball was Bow- 
doin's on downs. The backs went against Tufts's 
solid line hard and low, but could not make the 
requisite gain, and the ball went to Tufts on downs. 
They gained ten yards between end and tackle and 
ten more around the left end. Then, by hard rush- 
ing, the fullback put the ball down within three 
yards of Bowdoin's goal. Here Bowdoin showed 
some of the strongest defensive work she has ever 
done, and Tufts was unable to put the ball over the 
line. The Bowdoin backs now did some good rush- 
ing and carried the ball to the middle of the field, 
where it was lost on a fumble. Bowdoin soon got 
it back, however, on a fumble by one of the Tufts 
backs, and Mitchell took it around the left end for 
twenty yards amidst the cheers of the students. 
Quimby now struck the line hard and was rushed 
over for a touchdown. Sykes failed to kick the goal. 
Tufts gained ten yards on the V, but could not 
make good gains, and Bowdoin got the ball on a 
fumble. Bowdoin rushed it hard and fast towards 
the grand stand, but after it was over the line 
somebody fumbled and a Tufts man got it. Tufts's 
backs did some good work and carried the ball to 
the middle of the field, but here the fullback was 
forced to punt and Mitchell got the ball. Quimby 
in turn was forced to punt just before time was 
called. Bowdoiu started the second half in a lively 
manner, gaining six yards on the V, and steadily 
pushed the ball within three yards of the line, when 
Stubbs touched it down behind the posts. Sykes 
kicked the goal. Score: 10-0. 

Tufts played her hardest now, and her backs 
rushed the ball fast towards the goal. Craig made 
the touchdown. The ball was carried out for a 
kick, but was touched down before the fullback was 
ready, and Sykes, running out, stopped the kick. 
Score: 10-4. 



Bowdoin gained twelve yards on the V, and 
Mitchell took the ball around the left end for twenty 
yards. Stubhs was pushed over for a touchdown. 
No goal. Score: 14-4. 

Chaproan, having injured his ankle, retired, and 
Hicks took his place. Tufts immediately tried 
sending the ball around his end, but it was not a 
very easy thing to do, and they very soon lost the 
ball on downs. Stubbs went around the end for 
fifteen yards. Kimball bucked the line for ten 
yards' gain, and Quimby followed his example for 
ten more. Bowdoin had the ball on the fifteen- 
yard line when time was called. 

The line played hard and held their men well. 
The backs ran together better than they have 
before this year, and the tackling of Sykes was one 
of the best features of the game. His low, sure 
tackles stopped Tufts from scoring when they had 
the ball so near the goal in the first half. The teams : 




Right End. 



Right Tackle. 



Right Guard. 






Left Guard. 



Left Tackle. 


Chapman. ( 
Hicks. ) 

Left End. 





Mitchell. / 
Stubbs. j 


j Craig. 
1 Smith. 




Referee— Frank. 

Umpire — Ridley. 

The umpire and 

referee exchanged places in the last half. 

Bowdoin, '97,18; Colby, '97, 4. 

The Freshmen are keeping pace with the other 
college teams, and easily defeated Colby on the 
Augusta grounds, November 8th. The teams were 
quite well matched, but Bowdoin's backs were 
too swift for the Colby men. MacMillan and White 
both made touchdowns from the fifty-yard line. 
The backs put up a good game but were a little 
weak in interference. Chapman did all the work 
for Colby. Bowdoin scored only one touchdown in 
the last half. The summary : 

Bowdoin. Colby. 

Left End. Manson. 

Left Tackle. Pierce. 

Left Guard. Taylor. 

Center. Baker. 

Right Guard. Chapman. 

Bight Tackle. Dunton. 

Right End. 







Stearns. / 

Purnell. ( 






Home. ) 
White. \ 
Bodge. I 


f Sturtevant. 
1 Putnam. 


Referee and Umpire — Stetson and Watkins. Time — 
45 minutes. 

Bowdoin, 40 ; Colby, 0. 

A large crowd assembled at Waterville to see 
Bowdoin beat Colby on the afternoon of November 
11th. The crowd got in the way and frequently 
surged right around the teams, making it impossible 
for Bowdoin to play good foot-ball. The players 
started to leave the field on this account in the last 
half but were persuaded to return. Colby students 
did not create the trouble, but their sympathizers 
in the city. Colby had the ball on the start, and 
steadily pushed it, by mass plays, through the line, 
up to Bowdoin's five-yard line, but Bowdoin got in 
her best defensive work, and Colby lost the ball on 
downs. Bowdoin's backs now, and throughout the 
game, played well and seldom lost possession of the 
ball. Colby played a good game, however, and 
Bowdoin had some difficulty in making good gains 
through the line. The interference was very good, 
and Bowdoin went around the ends to great advan- 
tage in the last half. Captain Robinson was hurt 
and retired at the end of the first half Jordan did 
the best work for Colby. The summary : 
Bowdoin. Colby. 

frTderi I^e^E-^^- { g^tyi 

Chapman. Left Tackle. Stevens. 

Ford. Left Guard. Stone. 

Gray. Center. Dennison. 

Hamilton. Right Guard. | Thomas. 


Right Tackle. 
Right End. 

( Bates. 
( Dewey. 






Putnam. 1 



Touchdowns — Mitchell, 5; Quimby, 2. Umpire— Dr. 
Whittier. Referee — Foster. Time — 70 minutes. Sykes 
kicked 6 goals. 




I Stubbs. 


Joseph Pulitzer has given $100,000 to Columbia 

An inter-class whist tournament is talked of at 

Columbia College has 600 graduate students — 
the largest number in attendance at any college in 
the United States. 




There has been frequent reference of late to a 
change made in the requirement for admission into 
the Bowdoin Young Men's Christian Association. A 
word in explanation of this change seems necessary. 
In the constitution of the association there is a 
clause which says that "the active membership of 
the Association shall consist of men, either students 
or members of the faculty of this institution, who 
are members in good standing in an Evangelical 

Now for some time it has been the opinion of 
many, both in and outside of the Association, that 
this test for admission was not the one best suited 
to a society that aims to accomplish what the Asso- 
ciation is aiming at, viz., to touch with religious 
impulses the whole life of the college. 

The Association does not assume for itself any 
churchly functions whatsoever; it does not claim to 
take the place of the church. Any college associa- 
tion must, in a true sense, have an exclusive and 
independent life of its own. It is exclusive in that 
all its method and work must be adapted to a world 
and a life which is altogether unlike any other world 
or life. Therefore to apply the same intellectual 
standards in college that are applied by the church 
outside, is obviously to demand what the Associa- 
tion has no right to demand. Another reason why 
this church membership clause needed to be 
abolished lay in the fact that only a very small 
minority of the men who come to Bowdoin are 
church members at all. There is neither time nor 
space to discuss the reason for this condition of 
things; that might reflect back upon the churches 
of the state, and lead to a question of church polity. 
But that the fact remains is proved by a census of 
the last graduating class, which showed only four 
men out of thirty-three to be church members ; and 
this percentage, moreover, does not vary greatly 
with the classes in college at present. Now, what- 
ever the reason of this, the Association had simply 
to deal with the fact. Men who had as much right 
to the full privileges of the Association as those 
who happened to be members of a church were, by 
the constitution, refused those privileges. That 
this refusal to admit some men to full membership 
worked harm, no one acquainted with the facts will 
deny. Because, therefore, of these reasons and the 
often expressed sentiment against this test for 
admission, the Association has voted to adopt 

another. A committee for the revision of the Con- 
stitution was appointed and Its report accepted. In 
place of the church membership requirement, the 
following was adopted : "The membership of the 
Association shall consist of men, either students or 
members of the faculty of this college, who believe 
in one God, the Father Almighty, and in one Lord 
Jesus Christ, and in the Holy Spirit, the giver of 
life." This new requirement seems to possess con- 
spicuous advantages over the old. It is simple; one 
cannot easily understand how it could be more so. 
It does not enter into definition at all, leaving the 
interpretation to the individual himself. On the 
other hand it removes the pernicious distinction 
between "active" and "associate" members, and, 
so far as work for the Association is concerned, 
calls for the generous co-operation of all alike. 
This change, in a word, is merely an attempt to 
simplify and render more genuine the methods of 
the Association. 

'36.— Ex-Governor Gar- 
celon, of LewistoD, has had 
a seveie ill turn lately. He was 
taken Monday night with a chill, but said 
nothing about it until Tuesday morning, 
when four doctors were summoned to 
attend him. Wednesday he was up and dressed. 
"If it were any other man than Dr. Garcelon," 
said an attending physician, "I should say that 
he was a sick man, but I fully expect the doctor 
down town to-morrow." 

'48. — Dr. Charles S. D. Fessenden, who has been 
so long connected with the United States Marine 
Hospital at Louisville, Ky., has been transferred to 
Mobile, Ala. 

Ex-'.53.— On Tuesday, November 7th, the will of 
the late John S. .Tucker, of Milton, Mass., was 
probated at Worcester. Fifteen hundred dollars 
is given to relatives, and the remainder of the 
estate divided equally among the following: Eev. 
Webster Woodbury of Milford, Thomas Pilling of 
Westboro, or their heirs; Milford Congregational 
Church, American Board of Foreign Missions, 
American Congregational Union, Congregational 



Sunday-School Publishing Society, New West Edu- 
cational Commission, American Home Missionary 
Society, American Missionary Association, Milford 
Y. M. C. A., Milford Women's Auxiliary to Y. M. 
C. A., Milford W. C. T. U., Milford Y. W. C. T. U., 
Milford Congregational Y. P. S. C. E., Post 22, 
Gr. A. R., Woman's Relief Corps, 72, Massachusetts 
State Central Prohibitory Committee, and Bowdoiu 
College. The estate is worth about $12,000. 

'56. — Hon. William L. Putnam has been elected 
president of the Maine General Hospital, at Port- 
land, for the ensuing year. 

'59. — The wife and daughters of Hon. Stephen 
J. Young have sailed for Europe. They will pass 
the winter in Dresden, Saxony, where Mr. Young 
proposes to join them later. 

'60. — Emperor William of Germany has sent 
Hon. William W. Thomas, Jr., Minister of the 
United States to Norway and Sweden, a copy of 
Max Koner's portrait of His Majesty, which hangs 
in the national gallery in Berlin. The portrait 
bears the autograph "Wilhelm, Imperator Rex." 
The gift was sent to Mr. Thomas through Count 
Von Groeben, an attache of the German legation 
at Stockholm. Emperor William took a great fancy 
to Mr. Thomas, with whom His Majesty went elk 
hunting at Hunneberg in September. At a recent 
audience given by the Emperor to Hon. Theo. 
Runyan, American ambassador here. His Majesty 
told him he greatly liked Mr. Tliomas. 

'70.— On October 20th, the scholars of the Shore 
Road school-house, at Ellswoith, raised a handsome 
American flag in the presence of a large audience. 
Hon. John B. Redman, of that city, delivered an 
interesting speech on the occasion. 

76.— Mr. C. H. Clark, principal of Sanborn 
Academy, Kingston, N. H., has in preparation a 
general treatise on the microscope and methods of 
microscopic manipulation, intended for use as a 
text-book in high schools and academies. 

77.— Dr. Edwin J. Pratt married, October 17, 
1893, Susanne, daughter of Mr. George M. 
Wheeler, of Short Hills, New Jersey. 

'77.— Philip Greeley Brown, of Portland, has 
been appointed a trustee of the J. B. Brown estate 
in place of his father, Philip Henry Brown, deceased. 

'78.— Samuel Emerson Smith, of Thomaston, 
has gone to California for the winter. 

'87. — Craig C. Choate has recently moved to 
Portland, where he is connected with the zinc works 
which his brother has established in that place. 

'88. — Ass't-Professor Albert W. Tolman, who is 
on a year's leave of absence, on account of ill health, 
has sailed on a three-masted schooner for the West 
Indies. He will remain four mouths. 

'89.— The firm of Mason & Merrill, bankers, has 
recently been organized in Portland, to succeed 
Fred E. Richards & Co. Mr. Merrill has been a 
member of the firm of Fred E. Richards & Co. for 
three years. 

'89.— Dr. Frank Lynam, who is now living at 
home at Bar Harbor, Me., is to settle in Duluth, 
Minn., for the practice of his profession. 

'90. — Walter Irving Weeks was married on Octo- 
ber 19, 1893, to Miss Susie Caroline Bailey, at 
Boston, Mass. 

'90.— Medical, '.93.— Dr. E. A. McCullough of 
Bangor, will settle in the practice of his profession 
in Baltimore, Md. 

'93. — Harry C. Fabyan is to teach in Boothbay 
Harbor, Me., the coming winter. 

'93.— (Jeorge Wood McArthur, of Biddeford, has 
entered the employ of the Pepperell Mill, of which 
his father is agent, and will learn the mill business 
from the cotton house to the cloth halls. 


Alpha Delta Phi Hall, November 3, 1893. 
Whereas, God, in His infinite mercy, hath deemed 
it vA'ise to take from us Brother Philip Henry 
Brown, of the class of '51 ; therefore, be it 

liesolved. That we, the members of the Bowdoin 
Chapter of Alpha Delta Phi, hear with heartfelt 
sorrow of the death of our brother; 

Resolved, That by his death the Chapter loses 
an honored member, of whom it was justly proud; 
Resolved, That the sincere and heartfelt sympa- 
thy of the Chapter be extended to the family of the 
deceased ; 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be 
sent to the bereaved family, and be published in 
the Bowdoin Oiuent. 

F. J. LiBBY, '94. 

J. G. W. Knowlton, '95. 

H. W. COBUEN, '96. 



So0k I^eview§. 

D. C. Heath & Co., Boston, bave in press for 
iDimcdiate issue the first four boolss of Goethe's 
Bichtung unci Wahrheit, edited for them, with intro- 
duction, notes, and index, by Professor C. A. 
Buchheim, editor of the Clarendon Press Series of 
German Classics. This edition is especially adapted 
for pupils preparing for entrance to colleges, offer- 
ing the advanced requirement in German, but also 
has in view the numerous colleges that devote a 
portion of their time to the reading of Goethe's 

The World of Matter, a guide to the study of 
Chemistry and Mineralogy, by Harlan H. Ballard, 
President of the Agassiz Association, is the title of 
a timely volume just issued by D. C. Heath & Co., 
Boston. The book is adapted to the general reader 
for use as a text-book or as a guide to the teacher 
in giving object lesson. It has the remarkable 
quality of arresting attention and awakening inter- 
est on the very first page, where it presents in a 
fascinating way a study of a "Piece of Ice." The 
interest thus aroused increases ns the student is 
led on by easy steps from what he knows to what 
he learns. The book is purely inductive, being a 
guide to the actual handling of the objects named. 

( French Prose. Edited by Jules Luquiers, Ph.D. 
Ginn & Co.) This volume is not intended for a 
strictly scientiSo reader, but its aim is simply to 
provide material suitable for imparting the habit of 
careful reading, and, in a measure, the vocabulary 
of scientific literature. The nature of its contents, 
perhaps, can best be shown by the subjects of the 
chapters: Histoire du Telescope ; Comment Arri vera 
la Fin du Monde; Le Travail de I'Homme; La Mer 
des Sargasses; Physiologie de I'Osseau; L'Eclair- 
age de Paris ; Le Eole de la Foret. The notes are 
copious and interesting. 

©ollege \J90pId. 

An annual prize of $60 is to be given, at Dart- 
mouth, to the member of the athletic team standing 
highest in studies. 

The President of the University of Wisconsin 
has offered three prizes for the best three college 
songs written by a student of the University. 

Who builds de railroads and canals, 

But furriners? 
Who helps across de street de gals, 

But furriners? 
Who in de caucus has de say, 
Who does de votin' 'lection day 
And who discovered XT. S. A., 

But furriners? 

— Brunonian. 

Smith College is about to publish a paper 
which is to be unique in the college world, from 
the fact that it will contain no advertisements. 

A philosophical club has been organized at 
Princeton. Philosophical, religious and sociological 
problems will be discussed, with the co-operatiou 
of some of the professors. 

The enrollment at Yale has reached 2,000 this 
year, as against 1,967 last year. 

Tbree meteors were photographed at the Yale 
observatory on the 9th and lOth of August. This 
was one of the few successful attempts ever made 
to determine meteor paths by photography. 



ino:E=L TiaiE] F'lZREI. 



Vol. XXIII. 


No. 10. 




F. W. PiCKARD, '94, Managing Editor. 

F. J. LiBBT, '94, Assistant Managing Editor. 

B. L. Bryant, '95, Business Manager. 

H. B. Andrews, '94. A. G. Wiley, '95. 

E. M. Simpson, '94. J. C. Minot, '96. 

H. W. Thater, '95. H. H. Pierce, '96. 

J. E. Dunning. 

Per annum, in advance. 
Single Copies, 

15 Cents. 

Extra copies can lie obtained at tlie bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Manager. 

Remittances sliould be made to the Business Manager. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should lie directefl to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions rnust be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Conti-ibutions for Rhyme and Beason Department should be 
sent to Box 0, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should be sent to Box UO, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post -Office at Brunswick as Second-ClassMail Matter. 
Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston, Maine. 


Vol. XXIII., No. 10.— November 29, 1893. 

Editorial Notes, j^gg 

College Versus Fraternity jgj 

The Walker Art Building, jgY 

"Told by a Fisherman," 170 

The Pessioptimist, j72 

Rhtme and Reason: 

The Delusive Thought, I73 

A Frequent Occurrence, I73 

The Unchanging Life, I74 

CoLLEGii Tabula, j74 

Athletics, ]77 

Y. M. C. A ■ ... 178 

Personal J7g 

The catalogue for the ptesent college 
year has been received and contains the usual 
amount of information in regard to the col- 
lege and its work. The summary shows a 
corps of twenty-nine instructors, of whom 
seventeen are in the academical department, 
and a total of 316 students, 97 of them in 
the medical school. The course of study 
shows several changes, mainly in authors 
read and text-books studied rather than in 
subjects taken. The number of volumes in 
the library is given as 48,000, and brief 
descriptions are given of the Searles Science 
Building and the Walker Art Building as 
well as the usual lists of scholarships, prizes, 
and awards. Copies of the catalogue may 
be had upon application to the librarian. 

nTHE game with Colby, November 12th, 
A proved to be the concluding game of the 
'Varsity foot-ball season, as the condition of 
the exchequer prevented another Massa- 
chusetts trip, and a game with Brown was 
not favored by some of the players. It is 
rather difficult to decide whether the season 
should be called a successful one or not. 
Nine games were played, of which two were 
lost and seven won ; six times Bowdoin kept 
her opponents from scoring and only once 
was she unable to score a substantial number 



of points. The summary of the season's 
work given elsewhere shows that our team 
ran up a total score of 250 as opposed to 36, 
for their competitors. 

On the other hand, the strength of the 
teams against which we have been matched 
should be taken into consideration. The first 
two games were with Exeter and Andover, 
the former of which we won and the latter we 
lost. Both of these games were hard fought, 
but our team was in poor form and they 
were essentially practice gan}es and, as such, 
shoulcl not have the same importance in the 
summing up of the season's work as games 
pla3'ed after the final make-up of the team 
had been decided on and the men trained 
for their respective positions. Of the remain- 
ing seven games only two were against strong 
elevens. The B. A. A. game showed con- 
clusively that our team was capable of steady, 
consistent work, and the Tufts game empha- 
sized this; but it is on these games alone that 
our outside reputation for this year must 
rest, as all the other games were with 
the weaker elevens of Boston University, 
Colby, Bates, and the Portland High School. 

It is greatly to be regretted that games 
with Amherst, Williams, Trinity, and Wes- 
leyan could not have been arranged. These 
teams were all approximately our equals in 
strength, on paper at least, and games with 
any or all of them would have been full of 
interest, and would have been of great bene- 
fit to the team itself. 

The money question has always to be 
faced. Throughout the season the manage- 
ment has been hampered, not to say crip- 
pled, by lack of the funds necessary to induce 
good teams to play here. The subscriptions 
were not what they should have been and the 
attendance on games has not been large. 

The outlook for next j'ear is promising. 
Four of the regular team will graduate with 
'94, beside one or two substitutes, but men 
capable of filling nearly all these places are 

already in sight, and several promising men 
now playing on fitting-school teams will 
enter Bowdoin next fall. 

"OOVVDOIN'S system of compulsory gym- 
■*-' nasium work has become widely known 
for its efficiency and thoroughness, and has 
been extensively copied by other institu- 
tions. But the mere mention of "gym work" 
calls forth a half-stifled wail from most of 
us, followed too often, we fear, by a silent 
resolve to spend the Thanksgiving recess in 
devising excuses for absence from the class 
work. Yet we all know that the drill is 
beneficial and that four hours a week could 
not be more profitably spent. Moreover, 
every one has, hidden within him, a personal 
pride in his jjhysical possibilities, a desire to 
excel in his favorite exercise, and the addi- 
tional incentive of improved health and 
physique. It seems that the word "compul- 
sory" is the one bar to the enjoyment of 
gymnasium exercise, a bar, however, that 
cannot lightly be thrown down, for the 
system must be universal if it is to be 
thoroughly successful, and must be com- 
pulsory to be universal. 

IITHE widespread publication of the suspen- 
■•■ sion of the entire Sophomore class at 
Bates and the probable suspension of the 
Maine State College Sophomores because of 
a brutal case of hazing, lets us note more 
clearly than usual the great advancement an 
institution makes when it succeeds in abol- 
ishing this curse of former 5'ears. " The good 
old times " of ducking bees and hazing par- 
ties have left Bowdoin forever, the spirit of 
Phi Chi has departed, and the Freshman 
is free. 

The trustees of the University of Pennsylvania 
will endeavor to secure some twenty-five acres near 
the college for a park and botanical garden, and 
as a site for a $500,000 museum building. 



College Versus Fraternity. 

IT IS a most unfortunate thing to be com. 
pelled to confess that of late the fraternitj^ 
feeling in college has seemed to predominate 
over the genuine college spirit. It is true 
that this feeling has been manifested a great 
deal recently in college and class affairs and 
that never before has it been so strongly 
marked. Such a policy cannot but react on 
the college and do a great amount of harm. 
If we allow this element to creep in, it must 
be to the injury of the various college inter- 
ests in athletics, literature, and class. 

It is important that we weed this evil out 
as soon as possible and let the welfare of our 
Alma Mater be above everything else. Why 
can we not for once and all bury these mean, 
petty society strifes and buckle down shoul- 
der to shoulder, working for the best that 
there is in old Bowdoin ? 

Surely the founders of the various frater- 
nities never dreamed of such things as "com- 
bines." When the societies were established 
they were intended to bring out the purest, 
brightest, and best part of a student and not 
to develop the instincts of a " Tammany 
Hall " politician and schemer. One root of 
the evil lies in the waj^ the upper-classmen 
advise the under -classmen to act in class 
meetings. They tell them how imjDortant it 
is that their society should gain possession 
of certain offices and that they should bend 
every nerve to come out triumphant, even 
though the rest of the class is frozen out. It 
is this which has kept up the rivalry in the 
classes and extended the evil to college 
affairs and made itself felt in more direc- 
tions than can be enumerated. 

Why cannot the upper-classmen start out 
in a new line and discountenance the per- 
nicious practice of putting the Freshmen up 
to "pea-nut politics." 

The class of '93, when in college, was 
noted for the fair manner in which it con- 
ducted its class elections, never letting 

society interests get above those of class and 

'Ninety-five, too, has started on the right 
track by the action taken in a recent meet- 
ing which was called for the purpose of elect- 
ing class officers. 

Previous to this the usual combines had 
been formed, the offensive and the defensive, 
but a strong feeling fortunately prevailed at 
the last moment to do away with the custom- 
ary wire-pulling and have the men elected 
by the class and not by certain cliques. A 
committee made up of one from each society 
and one from the non-fraternity men was 
selected to discuss and nominate men best 
fitted for the various positions and to report 
earl}^ in the winter term. In addition, each 
man was to have a vote in the election, 
whether he could be present or not, thus 
doing away with the springing of an election 
upon an opposite faction which might be 
weaker in numbers at some time during the 

What we do should be done well, especially 
as the eyes of outsiders are being turned on 
us more and liiore now that our Centennial is 
so Jiear, and we should prove our loyalty to 
Bowdoin by making the spirit of progress 
and advancement our constant key-note. 

The Walker Art Building. 
TT7HAT magnificent structure, the Walker 
^ Art Building, of which Bowdoin and all 
her friends are so proud, is now practically 
completed. A few minor interior touches, 
the addition of a few casts and paintings, 
and all will be leady for the formal dedica- 
ton which will take place next June. Some 
two years ago the Misses Walker of Waltham, 
Mass., signified their desire to present Bow- 
doin with an art building, as a memorial of 
their uncle, the late Theophilus Wheeler 
Walker, and in June, 1892, the corner-stone 
was laid. 

The total cost of the structure cannot be 



given, as no announcement has been made 
by the donors. Money has not been con- 
sidered, and every generous and lavish out- 
lay has been made to construct a perfect 
building of its kind. The most skilled archi- 
tecture and most competent contractors 
have erected upon the Bowdoin campus a 
building with v^hich comparison cannot be 
made, because it is entirely distinct from 
anything possessed by any other American 
educational institution. It stands entirely 
alone in construction and use, and will be 
an important factor in the spreading of 
Bowdoin's fame. Judges who ought to 
know something of the matter place their 
lowest estimates of the cost at |150,000. 

It is situated on the west side of the 
rectangle and faces Appleton Hall, from 
which it is somewhat over a hundred and fifty 
yards distant. It was the plan to have the 
building serve not only as a receptacle for 
works of art, but to be an enduring work 
of art itself, and marvelously have these 
plans been carried out. Perhaps the im- 
pression of quiet dignity and simple grandeur 
are the first to strike the observer. 

The building is rectangular, being 100 
feet long by 73 wide. The height from 
grade line to cornice is 33 feet, and to the 
great copper dome, which surmounts the 
central portion, is 53 feet. Around the 
building on three sides is a terrace 18 feet 
wide, with a pavement of brick, laid herring- 
bone style. This is bordered by a terrace 
wall of Freeport granite, three feet ten 
inches above the grade, and two feet four 
inches in thickness. This terrace and wall 
give the jewel a magnificent setting, which 
is aided by the background of trees. The 
color effect, produced by the cold bluish- 
gray of the granite contrasting with the 
warm tints of the Indiana limestone, and the 
dark brick composing the building, is very 
marked. There is also a gain in- the effect 

of breadth. From the terrace wall the ground 
is graded to the surrounding campus. 

The foundations of the building are of 
Freeport granite. ludiana limestone was 
used for the central portion of the facade, 
the pedestals, the columns, the steps, the 
quoins, the architraves, the tablets, the cor- 
nice, and all trimmings, while the rest of the 
walls are of dark brick. Broad steps, flanked 
by huge rectangular pedestals, lead up to the 
entrance which consists of a loggia, before 
which, supporting the walls above, are six 
carved Ionic columns. In circular niches 
over the main entrance, and on each side of 
the central arch, are placed the busts of the 
Homer of Naples, the Hermes of Praxiteles, 
and the bearded Dionysus. Large niches 
also are located at the ends of the loggia for 
placing statuary. 

A few yards to either side of the entrance 
steps are large pedestals and niches as yet 
unoccupied. On one side will be placed a 
heroic bronze cast of Demosthenes, and on 
the other a similar cast of Sophocles. These 
figures are now being cast at Naples, at the 
same foundry which reproduced for the 
Columbian Exposition the many ancient art 
objects from Herculaneum and Pompeii, 
now at Naples. High in the front wall over 
the niches these will fill, are two large tablets 
containing, in chronological order, the names 
of the world's greatest sculptors, artists, 
and architects. Following are the names 
there engraved: Phidias, Myron, Polykletos, 
Iktinos, Kallikrates, Praxiteles, Skopas, 
Apelles, Cimabue, Giotto, Ghiberti, Dona- 
tello, Luca Delia Robbia, Brunelleschi, 
Bramanti, Michael Angelo, Leonardo Da 
Vinci, San Gallo, Tiziano, Raffaell, Albrecht 
Diirer, Giorgione, Correggio, Tintoretto, Pal- 
ladio, Rubens, Vandyke, Claude Lorrain, 
Rembrandt, Muiillo. No American or Eng- 
lish names are on these tablets, but on the 
west side are similar tablets as yet unen- 



graved. On a large tablet in the center of 
the west side is cut the following inscription: 


Thbophili Wheeler Walkek. 

Faciundum Cueavekunt Maeia Sophia 

Walkee et Heneietta Saeah Walkee. 


The north and south walls are bare, and the 
west too, except for the three large tablets 
spoken of. There is not a window in the 
walls, except a row of small grated ones 
along the south, west, and north base lines. 

Passing up the broad steps and across 
the loggia, we open an immense door of oak, 
four inches thick, and stand in Sculpture 
Hall, which is 29x42 feet, and occupies the 
central portion of the building. Here will 
be placed the casts now in the library, and 
the many more casts and originals which it 
is hoped the college will own soon. The 
floor is of stone and brick laid in pattern. 
Light comes from the top of the dome, fifty 
feet overhead. The four tympana under 
the dome, each twenty-six feet in width, are 
to be filled with four paintings, symbolizing 
the artistic achievements of Athens, Rome, 
Florence, and Venice. These are now being 
painted by the following artists: Messrs. 
John LaFarge, Elihu Vedder, Abbot Thayer, 
and Kenyon Cox. An immense bronze lan- 
tern-like chandelier hangs by a massive iron 
chain from the dome. 

To the right of this central hall is the 
Bowdoin Gallery, 25x50 feet. Here is the 
gem of the artistic possession of the college, 
the old and valuable collection of paintings 
and drawings by old and modern masters, 
left the college in 1811, by Hon. James 
Bowdoin. It contains about one hundred 
paintings and one hundred and fifty draw- 
ings, all original, collected by him while 
abroad. Light comes from a great sky-light 
overhead. To the left of Sculpture Hall is 
the Boyd Gallery, corresponding to the Bow- 

doin Gallery. Here is the collection given 
the college by the late Col. George W. Boyd, 
and all other paintings owned by the college, 
except those of distinctly college interest, 
which will be kept in upper Memorial. 

In the Boyd Gallery will be placed a very 
valuable collection of Japanese art objects, 
loaned by their owner. Professor Houghton. 
At the rear of Sculpture Hall is the Sophia 
Walker Gallery, 20x40 feet. This will be 
filled with paintings by the Misses Walker, 
but they have made no announcement, yet, 
of their selections. All these galleries are 
finished throughout in oak, with walls and 
ceilings of plaster. 

From Sculpture Hall we reach the base- 
ment, which is lofty and well lighted, and 
finished in ash. Here is a large lecture room 
fitted up with movable seats and mahogany 
desks. There is also a large screen for use 
with the lantern. It is to be hoped that in 
the near future a course of lectures on the 
history of art may be given here each year, 
so that Bowdoin graduates may have a better 
general knowledge on this great subject than 
most have now. It is not the idea to make 
Bowdoin an art school, but it is an advantage 
to all to know one kind of art work from 
another, and to be able to appreciate all 
kinds. Aside from the pleasure and inspira- 
tion given by this beautiful building and its 
contents, such a course of lectures would be 
a privilege sure to be appreciated by all. It 
is not improbable that this may soon come. 
It is the duty of the college by way of 
appreciation of this great gift to extend as 
much as possible the collection of photo- 
graphs and casts, and to emphasize the edu- 
cational benefit of the building. 

In the basement is also the private oflice 
of the curator. Prof. Henry Johnson, who is 
intensely interested in art subjects, and who 
has been consulted much by the Misses 
Walker during the construction of the build- 
ing. Near by is the room for the very val- 



uable Assyrian slabs which have been in the 
library some thirty years. The students' 
rooms, boiler-room, coal cellar, etc., occupy 
the rest of the basement. The building is 
entirely fire-proof, lighted throughout by 
electricity, heated by indirect steam, and pro- 
vided with a thorough system of ventilation. 
Such is a brief and general idea of the 
magnificent Walker Art Building, which 
will stand so long in perpetuation of the 
generosity of its donors. Well may Bow- 
doin be proud of it. It will be dedicated next 
June, when Hon. William D. Northend will 
present it to the college in behalf of the 
Misses Walker ; Hon. William L. Putnam 
will receive it for the college; and Hon. 
Martin Brimmer, of Boston, will deliver the 

"Told by a Fisherman." 
'D' FURIOUS storm was raging outside. 
1 1 "The heaviest gale we've had for years," 
was my host's comment, and the tall, gray- 
bearded fisherman who had called in to spend 
the evening nodded his assent. The wind 
was whistling loudly around the little cot- 
tage in which we were seated. Now and 
then the whole building seemed to rock 
under the attack when an unusually fierce 
gust assailed it. The weird spirits of the 
storm had marshaled all their forces of wind 
and snow and hail, and were clamoring for 
admission at door and window. 

Sometimes it seemed as if the house 
would be picked up bodily or rolled over 
and over down the hills to the sea. And 
the sea was not far distant in any direction. 

Before sunset, from the vantage ground 
of a hill near by, I had looked away over 
the water to the west and north and seen 
the surf dashing against many a rocky isle, 
and sending into the air clouds of spray, 
which almost rivaled the low-hung mists 
that everywhere bounded my view. Away 
to the southward, also, I could hear the 

mighty unceasing roar of the waves dashing 
against the cliffs and rolling the boulders 
over the rocky bottom. The whole southern 
shore was thundering its defiance to tremen- 
dous onslaughts of the waters of the Atlantic. 
To the east and west of the island the waves 
swept by toward the mainland to the north, 
and with unabated fury hurled their white- 
capped ranks against everything in their 

The snow had begun to fall just as night 
was coming on. Then a fog-bell on a neigh- 
boring island added its dismal tones to the 
roar of the tempest and the "rote" of the 
waves on the shore. At intervals of the 
storm, or when the wind shifted for a 
moment, the unearthly noise made by a 
whistling-buoy far off to the westward could 
be heard. 

All these sounds seemed very remote to 
us, now that we were gathered around the 
kitchen fire. Only by careful listening could 
we distinguish them plainly. But we pre- 
ferred to listen to the more cheerful murmur 
of the fire, and to think of the warmth and 
comfort within rather than of the cold and 
dreariness without. 

For some time no one had spoken. Some- 
thing of the wild spirit of the outer air 
seemed to have entered and taken control of 
our thoughts. The old fisherman looked 
dreamily at the little man on the other side 
of the fire. 

" This is something like one night that 
you and I spent out at the Rock, Tom," he 
said finally. 

Our host, who had been addressed as 
Tom, smoked on in silence. Yet he must 
have heard the comment, for he shuddered 
when it was uttered. The wind and storm 
seemed to have called up some memory 
which he felt far more intensely than did 
his older friend. 

I looked from one to the other. The old 
man still held in his hand the pipe which he 



had removed when he first spoke. He 
noticed my look of inquiry, and at a glance 
from Tom, went on to tell of that night of 
peril which both had called to mind under 
the influence of the storm. 

I listened dreamily. My imagination, 
rather than the sense of hearing, kept pace 
with the story. I do not remember surely a 
word that he said. A landsman can not use 
rightly the language of an old salt, perhaps, 
yet the impressions that I received from his 
narrative were so vivid that it ought to be 
easy to interpret its spirit, if not to repro- 
duce exactly the words that were used. 

"That was fifteen years ago," he began. 
"Everybody on the island was engaged in 
catching fish or lobsters then as now. I 
was in partnership with Tom's uncle, the old 
gentleman who once owned this house. 
Tom had come here from somewhere on the 
mainland to spend the summer, and when 
we went out to haul the traps he always 
went with us. He was as green as could be 
about handling a boat at first, but soon 
learned to sail our craft pretty well. 

" On the day that we went to the Rock the 
tide turned at about noon and we were out 
on the grounds ready to begin work. The 
tide runs so fast around these islands that 
the buoys that mark the traps are often 
drawn under the water and can not be 
found. That is why we always get out on 
the slack of the tide. 

"We were out beyond the island when 
the storm came up. Every other boat had 
already rounded the point on its way back 
to the harbor. At first we tried to follow 
their example, with Tom managing the boat. 
But it was too much for a new man, and in 
a moment more we would have been swamped 
by the waves that broke over us. The old 
gentleman took the helm and we tried to 
carry out his orders. Our only hope was to 
keep the bow to the waves and in some way 
outride the gale. 

"The snow soon began to fall and all 
view of the land was blotted out. The wind 
increased in fury. We knew nothing about 
our position or the direction we were going. 
Out on the open sea, in an undecked boat, 
our chances for life were few. The spray 
penetrated our clothing and froze. The 
snow clinging to the dampened surfaces 
coated everything with an armor of ice. 
Tom clung to the forward mast and gave the 
orders for steering, while the old gentleman 
and I tried to manage the rudder and sails. 
We could hardly see or hear one another. 
Yet for hours we kept afloat, hoping in vain 
for a lull in the storm. 

" The tempest increased in fury rather 
than diminished. Benumbed with the cold 
and thoroughly exhausted, we seemed to 
be only keeping up a struggle in which 
Death must finally win. When darkness 
came, we hardly noticed it. The wind had 
not ceased an instant. The spray was flying 
as thick as ever. The storm clouds had not 
been lifted for a single moment. 

"I was vaguely wondering what it meant 
to die when I saw Tom make a gesture with 
his hand. The salt spray had entered his 
throat and lungs so much that speech was all 
but impossible. 

"That gesture indicated the beginning of 
the end of our adventure. Aroused by it I 
looked and listened intently. Blinking 
through the mists I could just make out the 
light on the Rock. We were being swept 
onward with terrible speed. Already I could 
distinguish the long white line of breakers. 
In a moment or two more we would have 
struck, but just then the wind veered around 
suddenly, just as an enormous wave lifted our 
craft high in the air and dashed it down 
again as if in wanton sport. The last fierce 
gust had torn away every rag of sail that 
was left, and though we had avoided instant 
death, our fate seemed only deferred for a 



moment, for no power on earth could now 
keep the boat above water. 

"But at this moment I caught sight of a 
lantern on the shore of the Rock. I gave a 
loud cry for help, though I thought that we 
must be swept away out of reach before any 
help could come. I had hardly shouted, 
however, when a rope fell across the boat. 
Instinctively I caught it up. More quickly 
than I can tell it, the old man and I were 
made fast to it, just as another wave hurled 
the boat away from us, leaving us struggling 
in the water. I had not thought, when I 
caught the rope, of the heavy breakers 
through which we must be drawn to safety. 
Luckily we were partly sheltered by a reef 
that broke the force of the waves somewhat, 
and at last, battered and bruised, and all but 
dead, the life guards drew us ashore. 

"I had not thought of Tom on leaving the 
boat. There had been no chance to reach or 
help him. Yet when we were drawn from 
the surf he was there too. 

"I don't know how he got there, and when 
he came to consciousness late in the morning, 
he could not tell either. How the rope had 
become looped about his body, how he had 
chanced to reach it at all, no one could explain. 
" He remeinbered the light, the breakers, 
the last fierce gust of wind, and that was all. 

" With the pitching of the boat his hold on 
the mast had given way, and he must have 
been rolled into the sea and swept away 
by the mad rush of waves. I will let you 
theorize as to the chances that decided that 
he should live and not die. I have finished 
that part of the story. 

" We were at the Rock for only a short 
time, for on the first fair day we were 
anxious to get home again. The folks here 
tliought we had risen from the dead." 
"We had." 

It was the little man that spoke now. 
His lips had scarcely parted, and as I 
turned to him, I wondered if I had reallj' 

heard his voice. Yet I thought I knew all 
he meant. Those quiet words, with the 
intense expression of his face, called up in 
my mind a vision of that night of storm and 
wreck more vivid than any that the older 
man's narrative had suggested. 

As my host rose to replenish the fire, the 
same fixed expression was on his face. As 
the stove door swung open, a more cheerful 
glow was cast into the dark background of 
the room. The old fisherman's pipe had gone 
out long since. Now he tapped with it 
lightly on the hearth and meditatively 
tucked it away in his pocket, rising to go 
at the same moment. 

" You remember that time in a little dif- 
ferent way from what I do, Tom," he said. 
" Yes, I do." The answer came slowly, very 

The visitor had now picked up his lantern 
and lighted it. With a cheery nod to me, 
and a good-night to my host, he opened the 
door. A gust of snow swept in by him. 
Then there was a vision of a grizzled old 
man bowing to the blast. In a moment the 
door had closed behind him. 

Tom was still smoking. His face showed 
that he was also still thinking of the adven- 
ture of which his friend had spoken. Every 
day that he had left the little harbor of the 
island in sail-boat or dory, he had risked his life. 
It was by that risk that he earned his daily 
bread. We can grow accustomed to some 
dangers, but a boy's first hand-to-hand 
struggle with death is not easily forgotten. 

IT IS now generally understood that several 
members of the Yale faculty have become 
disgusted with the foot-ball administration 
there of the past few years, and will use 
their influence in the direction of certain 
radical reforms in that system. They hold 



that foot-ball entirely overbalances even a 
reasonable interest in legitimate college 
courses, and say that, if possible, Yale men 
will no longer be allowed to play that game 
outside the grounds at New York, Spring- 
field, and New Haven. As these members 
are prominent on the faculty board, it is 
expected that next season will see a great 
change in the policy of Yale, at the least, if 
not of several other leading colleges and 


* * * * 

Whatever the right or otherwise of this 
proposed action of the Yale instructors, it is 
evident that such a sentiment is not in the 
wrong direction. It is evident that foot-ball, 
as a game, is approaching the limit of its use- 
fulness, and that, like all other good and use- 
ful things in this world, must soon be rigidly 
regulated and carefully guarded from danger 
of excess. When fifty or seventy-five men, 
out of a single college, devote the greater 
part of the working day to any kind of sport, 
be it foot-ball, rowing, shooting, bicycling, 
or what not, it will be not many weeks before 
you will have three or four score of athletes, 
or crack shots, or record breakers, whose fame 
in any of those lines may be widespread, but 
whose examination papers will be the despair 
of the instructor, and whose guesses' in the 
recitation room will utterly lack any of the 
crack-shot tendency. 

**--** * 

And so it is probable that the sentiment 
above noted is the signal for the dawn of a 
reign of common-sense over the world of 
college sport, which, even in its imperfec- 
tions, is a most necessary adjunct of a really 
liberal education. Hail the college and the 
world of books ! Hail foot-ball and the world 
of sport ! All hail the broad and noble policy 
that unites physical strength and mental 
vigor in the perfect man ! 


The author of a certain text-book, now 
in use at Bowdoin College, has placed in 

that book, half hid behind the line of the 
pervading thought, words of extraordinary 
interest to college students, as well as to 
those now preparing to be such. To the 
members of the Senior class the words are 
doubtless familiar; to other students, they 
cannot fail to be of interest, and should be 
considered with thoughtful care. 

The author says that outside their own 
particular line of business, men absorb no 
new ideas after they are twenty-five years of 
age, and declares that after that they cannot 
get anything new, that 'ithe jjower of assim- 
ilation is gone." Then in words fraught with 
a world of thought, he says, " It would prob- 
ably lead to a more earnest temper on the 
part of .college students if they had less 
belief in their unlimited future potentiali- 
ties, and could be brought to realize that 
whatever physics and political economy and 
philosophy they are now acquiring will have 
to serve them to the end." Wise words 
those; perhaps a bit confined, but surely 
worthy of thought. 

The Delusive Thought. 

Tired of the stale, stale epithet, the old, old turns, 
The ordioary thought of would-be sparkling lines, 
I came, one day, upon a really happy bit 
All move of freshness and the subtle word that 

And to the roused euthusiasm of my soul 
There came, elate, imperious to be expressed. 
What seemed a thought as fresh aud fine, but when 

'twas writ 
'Twas stale and old and ordinary, like the rest. 

A Frequent Occurrence. 

"Non paratus" dixit Preshie 
Cum a sad aud doleful look. 

"Omne rectum" Prof, respoudit, 
Scripsit nihil in his book. 



The Unchanging Life. 

The sun is set ou ancient Greece, 
Her beauty and lier pride lie low, 
Thro' ruined shrine and crumbling arch 
The vagrant winds of evening blow. 
Dark shadows lie in sculptured hall, 
The ghosts of beauteous years long past, 
And pillars lonely, tottering stand. 
Dim memories of a temple vast. 

But still for me o'er sacred hills 
There streameth yet eternal day, 
And cloudless skies are bent above. 
And holy fountains ceaseless play. 
I drink into my longing eyes 
The fadeless light from storied page, 
And thrill to find myself e'en now 
A dweller of that golden age. 

I wander, spirit-like, in lands 
Where olive gardens scent the breeze ; 
Where mellow, plaintive voices steal 
The murmur of the ^Egean seas. 
The stars look down upon that deep 
And fill its waves with gems untold ; 
But to mine eyes are mirrored there 
The faces of the gods of old. 

So still for me on vine-clad heights 
The shepherd pipes anto his sheep, 
And vintage feasters, mad with joy. 
Their rustic revels wildly keep. 
The hand of Time has wrought its change, 
And years roll on than time more fleet. 
And yet our hearts may find a path 
Of romance for our wandering feet. 

Out of 124 leading American colleges the high- 
est president's salary is $10,000, the lowest $620, 
the average $3,000; and the highest salary paid 
any professor is $5,500, the lowest $540, and the 
average $2,015. 

Cornell University has been given two fine libra- 
ries, one of 1,000 volumes on the German philoso- 
pher Kant, and the other of 500 volumes on Spinoza. 

Dartmouth's Dramatic Club will present the 
English comedy, "The Rivals," during the first 
of this season. 

Two annuals will be published by the Seniors of 
the University of Michigan, one by the fraternity 
men and the other by the non-fraternity men. 

Some time before January 
1st the Dartmouth undergrad- 
uates will publish a substantial volume 
devoted entirely to Dartmouth's ath- 
letic record. It will include a history 
of each department of college sport, 
biographical sketches of some of her more promi- 
nent athletes past and present, and some forty 
odd photo-engravings of Dartmouth athletes taken 
during or shortly after their college course. The 
price of the book, which seems to be an assured 
success, is one dollar. 

Parker, '97, has gone out teaching. 

Pratt, '97, will teach in Jay this winter. 

Hutchinson, '90, was on the campus last week. 

Gilpatric, '96, was called home by illness last 

Bodge, '97, was obliged by illness to go home 
last week. 

Rhines, '97, will teach in South Bristol this 

Bucknam, '93, is seen once in a while on the 

Parcher, '92, visited friends at the college 

Sewell, '97, will begin soon a long term of school 
in Wiscasset. 

Morelean, '95, who has been out teaching, is hack 
in college again. 

French, '96, is teaching in Norway. His return 
this year is uncertain. 

The annual catalogues appeared and were dis- 
tributed last week. 

W. G. Perry, Jr., Brown '91, has been the guest 
of friends on the campus. 

Andrews, '96, was called home last week by the 
serious illness of his mother. 

Russell, '97, went out last week to begin an eight 
weeks school in East Friendship. 

Professor Hutchinson took a series of pictures of 
the 'Varsity and '96 elevens recently. 



Mitchell, '95, was in Portland last week, coach- 
ing the Portland High School eleven. 

The uncertain character of coal fires becomes 
more marked as the cold weather comes on. 

Two Greek lessons a day was the lot of the 
Freshmen during Professor Houghton's absence last 

Curtis, ex-'96, who was dropped at the begin- 
ning of the Freshman year, is now a member of 
Colby, '96. 

The Seniors have finished the text-book in 
Geology, and have of late been listening to lectures 
by Professor Lee on pre-historic man. 

There will be six weddings in Brunswick before 
Christmas. Smash goes the old saw about Bruns- 
wick's old maids \—Leu'iston Journal. 

The Neiv York Herald claims with a kind of 
fiendish satisfaction that five deaths in this country 
have resulted this fall from injuries received in 

The rest of this week Bowdoin will be practi- 
cally deserted, as nearly all the students will go 
home to eat their turkey. A few, however, will 
probably remain. 

The first snow storm of the season arrived 
November 15th, but it could not cool the ardor of 
the Sophomore eleven, which during its progress 
defeated the Augusta boys 44 to 0. 

E. Thomas, Glover, Ross, Chapman, Whitcomb, 
'94, Fairbanks, Hicks, Stetson, '95, Ordway, '96, 
were among the Bowdoin men who took in the 
Yale-Harvard game last Saturday. 

After Thanksgiving, begins gymnasium work, to 
go on without ceasing till spring. Besides the 
regular work and class drills, the foot-ball and 
base-ball squads will work all winter. 

The relentless jury has even taken away the one 
remaining solace that remained to the bloodthirsty 
Sophomores, and they are no longer allowed to line 
up and command " Hats off, Freshie ! " 

A party of over a dozen went to Lewiston on the 
evening of November 21st to hear Colonel Robert 
IngersoU lecture on "Liberty of Man, Woman, and 
Child." They were much interested in the lecture 
of the great agnostic. 

At the annual meeting of the College Boating 
Association the following officers were elected : 
President, P. H. Mead, '95; Vice-President, A. L. 
Dennison, '95; Secretary, J. C. Miuot, '96; Com- 
modore, S. P. Buck, '94. 

The class of '94 has voted to have no clearing- 
out sale of Bugles at a reduced price, and whoever 
desires a copy of this valuable volume must pay a 
good round dollar for it, and pay it quickly, too, as 
the stock is almost gone. 

At the suggestion of some upper-classmen the 
Freshmen decided it would not be the proper thing 
to have their foot-ball picture taken on the Art 
Building steps and so they took a hasty and uncer- 
emonious flight to the gym. steps. 

Volumes in the library which are very interest- 
ing to look over and which are much used are the 
class albums. The following classes hnve albums 
there containing all their members' photographs : 
'54, '59, '60, '61, and from '82 to '93 inclusive. 

The examiners for the three special fitting 
schools of Bowdoin for 1894 are announced as 
follows: Fryeburg Academy, Prof W. A. Hough- 
ton; Washington Academy, Prof. William MacDon- 
ald; Thornton Academy, Prof. W. A. Moody. 

Fairbanks, '95, was in Bangor several days week 
before last, and the results of his work were seen 
in the victory won by the high school boys of that 
city over the Portlands at foot-ball, 12 to 4. This 
made a victory for each team for the high school 
championship of Maine. 

Bliss, '94, Christie, Doherty, Quimby and Stubbs, 
'95, and Kyes, Marston, and Warren, '96, have 
formed a private dancing class, and with the aid of 
some Brunswick young ladies are making vigorous 
attempts, among other things, to master the terp- 
sichorean art. Professor Wilson of Lewiston is the 

The following changes in the make-up of the 
jury are noticed: Blair, '95, takes the place of 
Ingraham, representing -f r ; Webber, '95, takes the 
place of Buck, '94, representing the non-society 
men ; Ordway, '96, takes the place of Merriman, 
'96, representing the class, and Vining, '97, is the 
new man elected by his class. 

By the way, those who ought to know say that 
the splendid building now in process of construc- 
tion is the Science Building and not the Scientific 
■Building, and respectfully ask that the first appella- 
tion be always used in speaking of it. We do not 
speak of the gymnastic building or the observing 
building or the artistic building, and no more 
should we speak of a scientific building. Hereafter 
let us be more careful to designate it properly in 
speaking or writing about it. 

The class of '95 has been stirred up in a political 



way lately. The question of officers for Junior year 
has been agitated and after a stormy meeting it was 
voted to hold the election on the third Wednesday 
of next term. It was decided that a committee 
should be appointed, representing all societies, 
which should present lists of two or more candi- 
dates for each offlce, at least a week before the 
election, and that every member of the class, 
whether present or absent, should have a vote. 

For a week the merry music of the stone-cutters' 
tools was not heard on the campus. It was the 
case of a strike — a real strike — and that too by men 
getting four dollars and over per day. The cause 
was that they had to wait a few hours longer than 
they wanted to for their pay, and all of them, about 
twenty-flve, returned to their homes in Massachus- 
etts. The strike caused some inconvenience to the 
contractors, but last Monday a score of new cutters 
went to work, and again the Ohio freestone is ready 
as fast as it is wanted. 

At a meeting of the college base-ball association 
the following officers were elected for the ensuing 
year: President, H. A. Eoss, '94; Vice-President, 
L. S. Dewey, '95 ; Secretary and Treasurer, A. P. 
Ward, '96 ; First Director and Manager, W. W. 
Thomas, '94; Second Director and Scorer, H. E. 
Holmes, '95; Third Director, J. S. French, '95; 
Fourth Director, H. W. Coburn, '96 ; Fifth Director, 
A. P. Cook, '97. There was a long and exciting 
debate as to whether Hutchinson, '93, and Savage, 
'93, members of last year's team, should be allowed 
to vote for next season's captain, who, by some 
oversight, was not elected at the close of last season 
as he should have been. It was at last voted, 69 to 
68, that the next captain should be elected by the 
members of last year's team now in college. 

A popular Bowdoin professor, who is much inter- 
ested in the welfare and improvement of the college, 
suggests that a pressing need of the institution is a 
landscape gardener. He pleads for a better and 
more regular system of campus paths. There 
should be a main entrance with an arched gate- 
way, and he thinks the proper place for this to be 
on the north side near the residence of Professor 
Lee, and from this a broad central path should 
lead south between Massachusetts and Memorial, 
straight across the campus, striking the street not 
far from Professor Little's house. This path and 
the present one leading from the chapel out to Main 
Street should be the ones from which all others 
should lead. The present criss-cross system should 
be improved, and there should be fewer paths whose 

only object is to reach some door by the shortest 
way. The beauty, symmetry, and general appear- 
ance of the grounds should be carefully considered. 
The present principal path leading south from the 
door of Massachusetts is in no sense a central one. 
The completion of the new art and science buildings 
will render a large number of new paths necessary 
around them, and now seems to be the time to start 
a movement for a better path system on the campus. 

The following statements relative to the celebra- 
tion of the coming centennial of the college are 
made public and will be of interest to all : The 
governing boards have appointed as a general com- 
mittee of arrangements the following gentlemen : 
General Joshua L. Chamberlain, chairman ; Presi- 
dent William DeW. Hyde, Hon. William L. Putnam, 
Hon. Stephen J. Young, Professor Jotham B. Sewall, 
Hon. Joseph W. Symonds, William E. Spear, Esq., 
Dr. Alfred Mitchell, General John M. Brown, and 
Professor Henry L. Chapman, secretary. Due notice 
will be given to the alumni and the public of 
the detailed programme, but the following partial 
announcement is authorized at the present time. 
Sunday, June 24th. An address, on the religious 
history of the college, will be given by Professor 
Egbert Coffln Smyth, D.D., class of 1848. The 
public graduation exercises of the academical and 
medical departments, with the conferring of degrees, 
will be held on Wednesday forenoon, instead of 
Thursday as usual. On the evening of Wednesday 
there will be a reception by the President of the 
college and an illumination of the campus. Thurs- 
day, June 28th. Centennial Day. The oration will 
be given by Chief Justice Melville Weston Fuller, 
LL.D., class of 1853, and the poem by Professor 
Arlo Bates, class of 1876. James McKeen, Esq., 
class of 1864, President of the Alumni Association, 
will preside at the dinner, which will be served to 
the alumni and invited guests at the close of the 
public literary exercises. 

It was with much pleasure that the students 
heard it announced that Rev. Elijah Kellogg would 
speak before them Sunday, November 19th. This 
eloquent old alumnus, of whom Bowdoin is so proud, 
is very popular with the college boys. As children 
they read his Elm Island and Whispering Pine 
series, the latter dealing with life at Bowdoin long 
ago, and his famous " Spartacus to the Gladiators " 
and " Regulus to the Carthaginians " have been 
more familiar than any other declamations. He 
has not spoken here for several years, but many 
students have heard him by riding or walking on a 



Sunday down to his quaint old church in Harpswell, 
ten or twelve miles away. The college turned out 
in a body to hear him, many remaining over Sunday 
for the purpose, and a large number of Brunswick 
people came, so that upper Memorial was filled to 
overflowing. President Hyde, in introducing the 
speaker, voiced the universal sentiment when he 
said: "It was a sad day for the children of Israel 
when a king rose o'er them who knew not Joseph. 
In like manner it will be a sad day for Bowdoin 
College when its students cannot recall the name 
of Elijah Kellogg." He took his text from the 
eighth Psalm — " For thou hast made him a little 
lower than the angels," and from this preached an 
able sermon, eloquent, comprehensive, and inspir- 
ing. None of his old-time brilliancy as a word- 
painter and orator has deserted him, and his 
address, especially the closing sentences, was well 
worthy of Elijah Kellogg. He is a little man, active 
in movement, with clean-shaven face, and bears 
lightly in thought, speech, and action his fourscore 
years. Many of the students improved the chance 
to meet him personally after the service. The 
singing of the college quartette was a feature as 

Sophomores, 40; Coney High School, 0. 
The foot-ball team from Augusta came to Bruns- 
wick and played a game with the Sophomores in a 
driving snow squall, Wednesday, November 15th. 
The ground was muddy to begin with and became 
very slippery after the damp snow had fallen for a 
few minutes. The High School team was somewhat 
lighter than the Sophomores and did not know the 
ground as well, nevertheless they stopped the 
rushes and compelled '96 to lose the ball on downs 
several times, especially during the first half. The 
players were completely covered with mud and the 
storm made it decidedly unpleasant for the specta- 
tors. Baker played the best game. The Sopho- 
mores played a good game throughout, considering 
the weather and the slippery ground, making 
several good gains around the ends and repeatedly 
bucking the line to advantage. The backs all 
played well and Warren made himself a reputation 
for kicking goals with a wet ball. The teams lined 
up as follows: 

Bowdoin, '96. C. H. S. 

Smith. Right End. May. 

Newbegiu. Rigiit Tackle. Wallman. 


Bailey, j 
Baiter. J 

Eight Guard. 

Left Guard. 
Left Tackle. 

Left End. 



j Clark. 

i Savage. 






( Chase. 

I Webber. 

Maher, Capt. 

Referee — Ross. Umpire — Knowlton. 

Sophomores, 40 ; Freshm,en, 6, 
The annual Sophomore-Freshman game, which 
is coming to be looked forward to, as are all the 
contests which take place between the two lower 
classes, with a good deal of interest by the students 
in general, took place Saturday, November 18th. 
The usual large crowd was present and excitement 
ran high, especially when the Freshmen rushed the 
ball anywhere near the goal. The Sophs were 
heavier than the Freshmen and with their two 
years' experience played a very much better game. 
The Freshmen were rather unsteady in the first 
half, but played very well in the last, although 
there was almost no interference at all, the backs 
runningall alone with the ball. '96's interference, on 
the other hand, was very good and they repeatedly 
made long gains with a wedge around the right 
end. The Freshmen found the weak spot in the 
opposing line in the last half and made some very 
good rushes. McMillan played the star game for 
the Freshmen. His tackling was good, and he 
made some fine runs with the ball. Home also put 
up a very good game, making several good gains 
and tackling well. Randall played a fair game at 
quarter, considering the fact that he had practiced 
only a few times before the game, while Stearns, at 
right end, played the best game in the hne. He 
seldom missed his man, and got into the offensive 
play in good shape. Merrill and Rhines also played 
well, the former, especially, making some good 
holes when his signal was given. The Sophomore 
backs all played well. Bailey, Baker, and Soule 
made several fine runs, and Warren struck the line 
hard and low every time. The Sophomores seemed 
to have hard luck in getting injured. 

They started the game with the ball in the center 
of the field. The Freshmen failed to get down low 
and stop the rushes, and '96 pushed the ball toward 
the goal posts, and Baker was sent over for a touch- 
down. Warren kicked' the goal. The Freshmen 
lost on their wedge, and failed to make the neces- 
sary gain, losing the ball on downs. After several 
good gains Baker was sent over for another touch- 



down. Warren kicked the goal, making the score 

McMillan gained ten yards on the V, but the 
ball was soon lost on a fumble. '9(i in turn fumbled 
and McMillan got the ball again but soon lost it. 
The Sophs rushed it steadily up the field, Bailey 
making some fine runs, and Baker got touchdown. 
No goal. Score: 16-0. 

'Ninety-seven could not make good gains against 
the heavy line and sure tackling of her opponents, 
and '96 had the ball again on downs. After a few 
good rushes Warren was sent over for a touchdown, 
and goal was kicked. Score: 22-0. 

McMillan ran out of the V and carried the ball 
thirty yards around the right end, but '96 held hard 
and soon had the ball again. Bailey was sent 
around the right end for forty yards, '96 fumbled 
and McMillan got the ball. On the second rush. 
Home took the ball between end and tackle for 
twenty-five yards. The Sophomores bad the ball 
on their thirty-yard line when time was called. 
The Freshmen now found the weak spot in '96's 
line and carried the ball to the fifteen-yard line, 
but could not keep it up, and '96 had the ball on 
downs. Soule was sent around the right end, com- 
pletely surrounded by blockers, for forty yards, and 
Warren was sent over for a touchdown. Goal, 28-0. 

The Freshmen made good gains. Home going 
around the end for twenty yards, but were com- 
pelled to lose the ball on the ten-yard line. '96 
rushed the ball down the field in a lively manner, 
and Baker scored again. Goal was kicked. 
Score: 34-0. 

'Ninety-seven lost the ball on downs again. 
'96 made some good gains but fumbled the ball in a 
scrimmage, and McMillan, picking it up, took it 
seventy-five yards towards the goal. McMillan 
carried the ball over the line on the second rush, 
and Coggan kicked the goal, making the score 34-6. 
After a few gains, Soule was sent around the end, 
in the V again, forty-five yards for a touchdown. 
Ordway punted out and Warren kicked the goal. 
Score : 40-6. 

McMillan punted and the Sophomores had the 
ball in the middle of the field when time was called. 
Ross was referee, and Dewey, umpire. Twenty- 
flve-minute halves were played. The teams : 


Coburn. ) 
Willard. f 
Plumstead. 1 
Coburn. j 


Right End. 
Right Taclvle. 


Right Guard. 


Left Guard. 


Left Tackle. 


Libby. Left End. Coggan. 

Ordway. Quarterback. Randall. 

Bailey. ) , „ 

Soule. V Halfbacks. d I'l 

Baker. ) ( Purnell. 

Warren. Fullback. McMillan. 

Summary of the season's work: 

Bowdoin, 10 Exeter, 0. 

Bowdoin, Andover, 16. 

Bowdoin, 42 Colby, 0. 

Bowdoin, 8 B. A. A., 16. 

Bowdoin, 36 Boston University, 0. 

Bowdoin, 54 Bates, 0. 

Bowdoin, 46 P. H. S., 0. 

Bowdoin, 40 Colby, 0. 

Bowdoin, 14 Tufts, 4. 

Games played 9 

Games won 7 

Games lost 2 

Points won, 250 

Points lost, 36 

Second Eleven. 

Bowdoin, 34 Lewiston High School, 0. 

Bowdoin, 54 Lewiston High School, 0. 

Games won, 2 

Points won, 88 


Bowdoin, 4 Bangor High School, 10. 

Bowdoin, 12 M. S. C, 10. 

Bowdoin, 40 Thornton Academy, 0. 

Bowdoin, 40 Coney High School, 0. 

Bowdoin, '96, 40 Bowdoin, '97, 6. 

Games won i 

Games lost, 1 

Points won 136 

Points lost 26 


Bowdoin, '9T, 18 Colby, '97, 4. 

Bowdoin, '97, 6 Bowdoin, '96, 40. 

Games won, 1 

Games lost 1 

Points won, 24 

Points lost, 44 

Give free and bold play to those instincts of the 
heart which believe that the Creator must care for 
the creatures he has made, and that the only real 
effective care for them must be that which takes 
each of them into His love, and knowing it sepa- 
rately, surrounds it with His separate sympathy. 
There is not one life which the Life-giver ever loses 
out of his sight; not one which sins so that he casts 
it away; not one which is not so near to Him that 
whatever touches it, touches Him with sorrow or 
with joy. — Phillips Brooks. 

I have seen almost all the beautiful things God 
has made; I have enjoyed almost every pleasure 
that he has planned for man; and yet, as I look 
back, I see, standing out above all the life that has 
gone, four or five short experiences when the love 
of God reflected itself in some poor imitation, some 



small act of love of mine, and these seem to be the 
things which alone of all one's life abide. Every- 
thing else in all our lives is transitory. Every other 
good is visionary. But the acts of love which no 
man knows about, or can never know about, they 
never fail. — Prof. Henet Drummond. 

Where, then, is our God? You say, He is every- 
where ; then show me anywhere that you have met 
Him. You declare Him everlasting; then tell me 
any moment that He has been with you. You 
believe Him ready to succor them that are tempted, 
and to lift those that are bowed down; then in 
what passionate hour did you subside into His calm 
grace; in what sorrow lose yourself in His "more 
exceeding" joy? These are the lasting questions 
by which we may learn whether we too have raised 
our altar to an "unknown God" and pay the wor- 
ship of the blind; or whether we commune with 
Him "in whom we live, and move, and have our 
— J. Maetineau. 

Mrs. Sarah Van Vechten 
'Brown, whose husband. Pro- 
fessor Samuel Gilman Brown, occu- 
pied the chair of Mental and Moral Philos- 
ophy at Bowdoin from 1883 to 1885, died 
at Norwich, Conn., October 15th, in the 
seventy-fifth year of her age. She was a daughter 
of the Reverend Jacob Van Vechten, many years 
pastor of the Dutch Reformed Church of Schenec- 
tady, and inherited the talents of a line of ancestors 
honored in the liberal professions. 

'18. — Mrs. Elizabeth Oakes Smith, who died, at 
an advanced age, in Hollywood, North Carolina, 
last Wednesday, was born in North Yarmouth, 
August 12, 1806, her maiden name being Prince. 
She married Seba Smith, who was for a time the 
editor of the Eastern Argus, and who, under the 
pen name of " Major Jack Downing," wrote a series 
of humorous and satirical letters which attained 
celebrity. Mrs. Smith was a poet of considerable 
power, and one of her poems, "The Sinless Child," 
attracted the attention of Edgar A. Poe, who com- 
plimented it highly in an article published in a 

leading magazine of that day. Seba Smith died 
in 1868. 

'25.— The Leiviston Journal of Saturday, No- 
vember nth, published a large portrait of ex- 
Senator James Ware Bradbury, of Augusta. 

'37. — There has recently been issued a pamphlet 
under the title: "George Washington Cleaveland, 
December 21, 1815, May 22, 1893. Pastor of the 
First Presbyterian Church of Harbour Creek, Penn., 
1849-1893. A Biographical Sketch together with 
his Last Sermon." Rev. G. W. Cleaveland was 
born at Salem, Mass., the fourth of the six children 
of John Cleaveland and Rebecca Woodbury. He 
was seventh in descent from Moses Cleaveland, of 
Ipswich, Eng., and Woburn, Mass. He fitted for 
college at Dummer Academy, Byfield, of which his 
relative, Dr. Nehemiah Cleaveland, was preceptor. 
After serving as assistant preceptor for a short 
time, he entered Bowdoin, where another kinsman, 
Parker Cleaveland, was professor of Mineralogy, as 
a Sophomore. On graduation, he entered Andover 
Theological Seminary, and, after a break of one 
year in teaching, graduated here in 1841. After 
supplying the pulpit of the First Parish of Marble- 
head for some time, he entered upon the home 
missionary field, going west in 1842. In 1843 he 
was ordained in the Congregational church of 
Orleans, Mass., and, on the same day, was married to 
Keziah Sparrow Doan, youngest daughter of Cap- 
tain Seth Doan, of that town. He now went to 
Waterford, Penn., for sis years, and, in 1849, was 
installed at the church in Harbour Creek in that 
state, in which pastorate he remained throughout 
his life. His wife and five children,— four sons and a 
daughter, — survive him. The biographical sketch 
says of him : " The record of his long and faithful 
ministry over the church at Harbour Creek will 
never be written on earth. If he were guiding the 
pen that draws up this sketch he would erase any 
words of praise for himself that might be written, 
and ascribe all praise to Him from whom comes 
every good and perfect gift. His trials and his joys 
were those of an obscure pastor of a small country 
church. His parish, though circumscribed, was 
widened by each passing decade of his ministry 
For example, during his long pastorate, he minis- 
tered to five generations of one of the most influen- 
tial families connected with the history of the town. 

'38. — A large portrait of ex-Governor Alonzo 
Garcelon appears in the Lewiston Journal of No- 
vember llth, which also announces that he is one 
of the spryest and busiest of Maine's medical 



'41.— Rev. C. D. Herbert died at his home at 
Hebron, N. Y., ou October 13th. In April last he 
resigned, on account of ill health, his pastorate of 
the Presbyterian church of Hebron, which had 
continued most harmoniously for almost seven years. 
He was then much prostrated from an attack of the 
grippe and continued to decline, slowly but steadily, 
to the peaceful and painless end. He was born at 
Ellsworth, Me., September 18, 1818, the youngest 
son of Hon. George Herbert, a famous lawyer of 
that city. After graduation, he took a three-years' 
course of study at the Bangor Theological Seminary, 
taking his degree in 1844. Immediately afterwards 
he was ordained and went as a home missionary to 
the West. A few years later he was installed in the 
Congregational church at West Newbury, Mass., 
previous to which time he had married the wife 
who now survives him. He leaves two sons, George 
Herbert, Esq., of St. Paul, and Rev. C. E. Herbert, of 
Galway, N. T. His entire life has been most faith- 
fully devoted to the service of Christ, and every 
church to which he has ministered has been built 
up and strengthened thereby. At West Newbury, 
where he was pastor for fifteen years, a memorial 
service was held October 22d. The burial was at 
Mt. Auburn, Mass., October 17th. 

'48. — Rev. William C. Pond, of San Francisco, 
has been spending a two-months' vacation revisit- 
ing familiar scenes in the East, and passed through 
Brunswick last week. 

'50. — Under the title of " A Christian Hero," the 
Christian Mirror, for October 7th, publishes a 
sketch of General Oliver Otis Howard from the 
pen of Llewellyn Deane, Esq., of Washington, D. C. 
He shows General Howard as ahero sans peur et sans 
reproche, who was in the forefront of twenty-six great 
battles and many lesser ones, and in many dangers 
besides, always displaying splendid heroism under the 
most trying circumstances. The article ends in these 
words: "Macaulay says that no one is a hero to 
his valet, and that other adage says 'Familiarity 
breeds contempt,' but I do not believe any of that 
sort of remark applies to General Howard, for the 
better and longer we know him we feel more fully con- 
vinced that he is of the stuff that moral, religious, 
and military heros are made." 

'50. — On Thursday, November 16th, at the 
Parker House, Boston, a complimentary dinner was 
given to Senator William Pierce Prye by the Blaine 
eulogy committee of the Boston city government. 
One of the happiest features was the presentation 
to Mr. Frye of a life-size, three-quarters length 
crayon portrait of Mr. Blaine. 

'53.— Hon. T. R. Simonton, of Camden, has re- 
signed his office as special agent of the United 
States Treasury Department. He was collector of 
the port of Camden from 1861 to 1880, special 
inspector of customs from 1881 to 1883, and was 
appointed special agent, February 21, 1890. He 
was stationed first at Portland, then at New York, 
and the last two and one-half years at Boston. 

'57. — Mr. Henry Newbegin, one of the overseers 
of the college, is making a brief eastern trip, and 
was in Brunswick last Thursday. 

'57. — James C. Strout, who occupies an impor- 
tant position in the Congressional Library at Wash- 
ington, D. C, has, as librarian of the Assembly's 
Presbyterian Church during the past twenty-five 
years, been the efficient means of collecting a mag- 
nificent Sunday-school library of some 4,500 vol- 
umes. It is the largest, most perfect, complete 
and valuable library of the kind in this if not in 
any country. 

'60. — On Tuesday, November 21st, Rev. C. F. 
Penney, D.D., left Augusta to take up his duties as 
pastor of the Court Street Free Baptist Church in 
Auburn. Dr. Penney was installed pastor of the 
Free Baptist church in Augusta, thirty-one years 
ago, and has been its pastor twenty-seven years. 
He was very popular in his Augusta church and 
will be much missed there. 

'60.— At Portland, on Saturday, November 11th, 
City Hall was packed with a crowd which was 
desirous of hearing Hon. T. B. Reed speak on the 
recent elections. Mr. Reed was received with an 
enthusiasm which was never, perhaps, surpassed 
in Maine. 

'67.— Judge Henry S. Webster has in press a 
history of the famous Maine Commandery, No. 1, 
K. T., of which he has long been an enthusiastic 
and prominent member, having passed through all 
the chairs up to and including that of Eminent 
Commander. It is a labor of love, and the author 
has produced a work worthy of the subject. Maine 
Commandery was first organized in Portland in 
1806, was chartered in 1821, and was moved to 
Gardiner in 1854. For a number of years it was 
the only Templar organization in Maine. Its history 
is of great interest to the general public, as well as 
to the Masonic fraternity. 

'68. — Dr. Frederic H. Gerrish entertained the 
Fraternity Club, of Portland, on Monday, November 
6th, at the Sherwood in that city. After the reading 
of a paper, dinner was served. 

'73. — F. M. Hatch, Esq., of Honolulu, is Vice- 
President of the Hawaiian Provisional Government. 



73. —On Wedaesday, November22d, Hon. Augus- 
tus F. Moulton addressed the Law Students' Club, 
of Portland, in the Supreme Court room, on the 
subject of "Negligence." 

77.— Dr. Frederick Henry Dillingham, of New 
York, assistant sanitary superintendent of that 
city, and Miss Helen Alexander Ganson, of the 
same place, were married on Wednesday evening, 
November 15th, at Christ Church, Boulevard and 
Seventy-First Street. After the ceremony there 
was a reception at the home of the bride's step- 
father and mother. Dr. and Mrs. Samuel L. Benson, 
47 West Thirty-Third Street. 

'90.— Dr. G. A. Tolman, of Portland, returned 
home, Saturday, from New York, where he has 
been attending lectures in the different hospitals. 
He has not yet fully decided where ho will locate 

'92. — J. F. Hodgdon has accepted a position on 
a daily newspaper published at Los Angeles, Cal., 
and has already started for the Pacific slope. 

'93. — Clarence W. Peabody took part in a mock 
trial in the Portland Law Students' Club, on 
Wednesday, November 22d. 

'93. — Kichard C. Payson has spent this ftall in 
traveling in the West. He was at the A. k. e. 
convention in Minneapolis. 









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Vol. XXIII. 

No. 11. 





F. W. PiCKARD, '94, Managing Editor. 

F. J. LiBBY, '9-1, Assistant Managing Editor. 

B. L. Bryant, '95, Business Manager. 

H. E. Andrews, '94. A. G. Wiley, '95. 

E. M. Simpson, '94. J. C. Minot, '96. 

H. W. Thayer, '95. H. H. Pierce, '9fi. 

J. E. Dunning. 

Per annum, in advance. 
Single Copies, 

. $2.00. 
15 Cents- 
Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Manager. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Manager. Com- 
municationsin regard to all other matters should becfirecterl to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions tor Rhyme and Reason Department should he 
sent to Box 0, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should be sent to Box 140, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post-Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 

Printed at the Journal Office, LewistoD, Maine. 


Vol. XXIII., No. 11.— December 20, 1893. 

Editorial Notes, .... 
A Bowdoin Song, .... 

On Pike's Pealc 

A Few Pertinent Questions, 
Tlieta Delta Chi Convention, 

A Joint Deljate, 

The Pessioptimist, . . . 
Rhyme and Reason: 

The Carved Name, . . . 



CoLLEGii Tabula, .... 


Book Reviews, 

College World 





" Bowdoiii Beata," the new Bowdoin 
song by Mr. I. B. Choate, '62, which is 
first given to the public through our columns, 
will be heartily welcomed by every Bowdoin 
man. The song speaks for itself and needs 
no commendatoiy words from us. We echo 
Mr. Stanwood's wish that suitable music for 
it be soon composed, and suggest that the 
College Glee Club incorporate it in their 
repertoire at once, that the college may hear it 
sung. There is not enough singing among 
us, it is seldom that one hears the old tunes 
sung by more than a half dozen at a time, 
but it is possible that this timely gift from 
Mr. Choate will inaugurate a new era of 
song among us. Whether it serves this pur- 
pose or not the Orient voices the unanimous 
sentiment of the college in extending a 
hearty welcome to the song and sincere 
thanks to its author. 

IN ESTIMATING the necessary expenses of 
a college course the item of " board" easily 
ranks first in amount. The price of board 
in Brunswick at present varies from three 
to four and a half dollars a week, few paying 
more than the latter sum. Three dollars 
and seventy-five cents would probably be a 
fair average for the college. When this is 
multiplied by the thirty-seven weeks of term 



time the total sum appears formidable com- 
pared with the modest seventy-five dollars 
for tuition and thirty dollars for room rent. 

The foregoing wail was called forth by 
the simultaneous appearance before the writer 
of a board bill, dated 1893, for four weeks at 
four dollars a week, and a bill dated 1845 for 
twelve weeks at ninety-seven cents a week. 

Personal acquaintance with the payer 
of the latter bill compels us to say that, 
unless his appetite has increased enormously 
since graduation, he was fully able to do 
justice to the viands set before him. We are 
forced to conclude that the food served in 
Brunswick fifty years ago was very cheap, 
either in price or qualit3^ 

Will not some old graduate furnish us a 
sample bill of fare of the good old times? 

TITHE newspapers have spread broadcast 
•^ the fact of the suspension of two members 
of the Sophomore class until next April, 
together with such particulars and comments 
as the information and imagination of the 
various correspondents supplied. While the 
Orient regrets that the action of the Faculty 
was necessary, it is forced to admit its justice. 
Nevertheless, it agrees with the common 
sentiment of the college in thinking that 
the sentence was out of proportion to the 
offense, and trusts that the Faculty will see 
fit to allow the suspended men to return 
during the winter term. 

TTTHE rather petty manifestations of frater- 
■*■ nity feeling which were noticeable in the 
election of the captains of the ball and foot- 
ball teams jDlace the fraternities in a very 
unfavorable light. We have no fault to find 
with the result of either election, but it seems 
a pity that a matter so vital to the best inter- 
ests of the college should be made the occa- 
sion of schemes and combines. We lay no 
more blame on one society than on another, 
for the difference between them is in degree 

and not in kind. Such being the case, noth- 
ing but unanimous action of the societies 
represented here can eliminate the evil. Pos- 
sibly if nothing is done the increase in the 
size of classes will eventually solve the prob- 
lem by throwing the control of elections into 
the hands of non-society men. The evil is 
obvious and the remedy equally so, but the 
practicability of its application can be settled 
only by a firm effort on the part of all inter- 
ested in the welfare of the college. The 
difficulties are great, but the end is surely 
worth striving for. 

^UT last, after many years of waiting, an- 
/ *■ other pennant will testify to Bowdoin's 
prowess in base-ball. At the meeting of the 
representatives of the colleges, held in Water- 
ville last Saturday, the championship pennant 
was formally voted to us. It also seems 
probable that the difficulty in regard to the 
eligibility of Medical students will be settled 
satisfactorily in the near future. 

0NE of our contributors, whose article will 
be found in another column, discusses, 
briefly, the advantages of establishing a 
training table in the spring for the base-ball 
and track-athletic teams, and the necessity 
of an athletic field, proposing to obtain the 
money for the latter from the alumni of the 

Now, if some wealthy, large-hearted alum- 
nus should offer the necessary amount, the 
Orient would be the first to rejoice and to 
thank the generous donor. But we can only 
discourage the idea of an appeal to the alumni 
for contributions. The time is not long passed 
when Commencement week was a season of 
mingled terror and pleasure to the alumni 
present, because of the constant demands 
upon their purses. We have, within a year, 
heard a graduate of the 'sixties say that, to 
him, the most pleasing sign of Bowdoin's 
prosperity was that he could now revisit 



Brunswick, call on the professors and look 
over the college without the feeling that 
every third man had a subscription paper 
concealed on his person. 

We need better facilities for training our 
men, but we believe that in the course of 
four or five years the increase in the size of 
classes will allow more ample expenditures 
for athletic necessities, and that meanwhile 
faithful training and well-considered use of 
the facilities now at our command will win 
us a higher place in the athletic world than 
we now occupy. 

NO ONE realizes more clearly than the 
editorial board that the Orient is not 
what it might be made. But while the aver- 
age student probably blames the editors, the 
editors agree in laj'ing the blame largely, if 
not entirely, upon the student body. 

" For men may come, and men may go, 
But I go on forever," 
Sang Tennyson's brook. 

" New classes come, old classes go, 
But the Orient's dull as ever," 

Seems to be the college version of the lines, 
occasionally varied, perchance, by the wail, 
when the paper is a day late, 

" The seasons come, the seasons go, 
But the Orient comes never — 
Well— hardly ever." 

Now, seriously, what is the trouble and 
at whose door shall it be laid ? Here are one 
or two facts. From April 25, 1893," until 
December 1, 1893, a period of over seven 
months, the managing editor received exactly 
five stories in response to numerous requests 
and a liberal prize offered for the best story 
published. Of these, three were unavailable 
either for their lack of plot or poor wording. 
One was rewritten by one of the editors and 
inserted, and one was published exactly as it 
was written. Both of the stories used were 
personally solicited by the editors. In the 

" Rhyme and Reason " department the record 
is slightly better, but nevertheless the editor 
in cliarge has been obliged to write one-half 
of all the poems which have appeared. 

Is it any wonder that the Orient is not 
perfection ? 

Does the college expect that ten men can 
produce a paper the size of the Orient once 
in two weeks, which shall contain all the 
news, surpass Puck and Life in humor, and 
rival the literary magazines in the workman- 
ship of its leading articles ? 

We are not finding fault because fault 
has been found with us. On the contrary, 
both students and alumni have treated the 
editors with uniform courtesy, have over- 
looked our numerous sins of omission and 
commission, and have frequently sent us a 
greatly appreciated word of commendation. 
But we do think that the attention of the 
college should be called to the condition of 
affairs, in the hope that more frequent con- 
tributions will lead to better work on the 
part of all concerned. 

A Bowdoin Song. 

To the Editors of the Bowdoin Orient: 

I HAVE a piece of college news to commu- 
nicate which I think will be pleasing to 
every undergraduate, and hardly less so to 
the alumni. While there has been much 
discussion upon the subject of a college 
cheer, little has been said in regard to the 
want of a college song. Few colleges, indeed, 
have a good song; but the influence of a 
distinctive lied, of something which is the 
exclusive property of a college, which all its 
sons sing whenever their hearts are stirred 
by love of their Alma Mater, — -the influence 
of such a song is powerful beyond that of 
almost anything else. Even " Fair Harvard," 
words set to a twice-cribbed melody, has 
become so fully apjaropriated by Bowdoin's 
mother college that it is now an expression. 



and almost the highest expression, of the 
love of its sons for the great institution. 

I have, then, to announce that a devoted 
son of Bowdoin has written a song which, 
in its motive and in its execution, is worthy 
to be accepted as the college song. It is an 
admirable mixture of sentiment and humor. 
It has no tra-la-la nonsense nor is it too dig- 
nified and reminiscent. The idea of the song 
is presented in the first stanza and is car- 
ried out admirably through all the following 
verses. But I have said enough to intro- 
duce this song, by Mr. Isaac Bassett Choate, 
of the class of 1862, and present it to the 
readers of the Orient. I may add that 
these words have been set to original music 
and the song will first be sung in public at 
the Boston alumni dinner this winter, unless 
soifle other alumni association anticipates us. 
I am sorry to say that, while the music is 
"singable," it does not have the inspiring 
movement that a good college song should 
have, but if the words themselves are as 
inspiring to others as it seems to me they 
will be, there will be a Bowdoin composer 
who will give them a fitting setting. 

Edward Stanwood. 

Brookline, Mass., 29 November, 1893. 



Haec inea siint ornamenta. 

Here's to the studious life, 

To Bowdoio's tender caresses; 

And here's to the joy in the strife 
On the field of our later successes. 

Chorus : 

Pledge then the man and the boy, 

Pledge work ages cannot destroy, 

Pledge boy and man 

Of the Bowdoin clan, 

Their Alma Mater's joy. 

Here's to the boy full of glee, 

To the prankish leader of revels; 
And here's to the solemn D.D. 

Who has faced dowu a legion of devils. 

Here's to the candidates dumb 

In the presence of awful professors ; 
And here's to the same when they come 
As Cleaveland's and Packard's successors. 

Here's to the sensitive lad, 

With a heart and a conscience tender ; 
And here's to the doctor, right glad 
Relief from anguish to render. 

Here's to the awkward and raw, 

To the unlicked cub of the college ; 

And here's to the learned in the law, 
The wonder of all for his knowledge. 

Here's to the stammering youth, 

With his dreaded and dread declamation ; 

And here's to the champion of Truth, 

On whose words wait the ears of the nation. 

Here's to the suitor of Fame 

Whose silence was broken in measure; 
And here's to a Longfellow's name 

Which Bowdoin holds fast as a treasure. 

Here's to the fancy just plumed 

With the graces of style and of diction ; 

And here's to the Hawthorne that bloomed 
In the magical garden of fiction. 

Here's to our comrades in games, 

Our rivals in manly endeavor; 
And here's to that long roll of names 

Which Death has made glorious for ever. 

Chorus : 

Pledge then the man and the boy, 
Pledge work ages cannot destroy, 

Pledge Bowdoin's sons. 

Eight loyal ones, 
Their Alma Mater's joy. 

Hollister, sub-catcher on last year's University 
of Pennsylvania nine, has been elected captain of 
the team for 1893-4. 

The system of student self-government intro- 
duced at Cornell last June has been approved almost 
without exception. 



On Pike's Peak. 

"TVTHAT do you say to taking a coast 
*■*■ down the Peak to-morrow?" asked 
Ernest Browne of his classmate, Jack Craw- 

Both were sitting on the piazza of the 
Iron Springs Hotel, Manitou, enjoying the 
evening view of Pike's Peak. They were 
Sophomores taking their vacation among the 
mountains of Colorado. 

"It will be just the thing," answered his 
friend, heartily. " We can beat the ' Cog- 
wheel ' back." 

Early the next morning saw them on the 
train with their bicycles, bound for the Peak. 
After reaching the summit and spending 
several hours in strolling about, they prepared 
for the ride down. Giving their overcoats 
to friends on the train they jumped on their 
wheels and were off. The first mile was done 
quietly, both riding slowly. The road twisted 
and turned about the mountain and often 
passed the edge of a high cliff. The moun- 
tain air was intoxicating and both men's 
cheeks were red with excitement. 

"Let's take a spurt," suggested Jack. 
" We had better not try it," said his more 
careful friend, " the turns are too short." 
But before the words were said Jack was 
spinning swiftly away. Ernest eased up on 
his brake, for he did not want to be left 
behind. He was able to keep within sight 
of his friend, but his shouts for him to stop 
were wasted. Jack either did not, or would 
not, hear him. Ernest was soon left far behind, 
his chum sweeping on recklessly. He gave 
a last shout of warning and listened for a 
repl3^ After a few minutes a frightened cry, 
followed by a distant rattle of stones, came 
back to him. He hurried on and soon came 
upon Jack's bicycle. He threw himself to 
the ground and looked down into the can- 
yon. Thirty feet below was his friend, caught 
by his coat to a projecting rock. 

" Jack, Jack, old fellow ! " he called. 

"Quick, let down something to me," 
answered his friend. 

What could he let down to him ? His 
own clothing was so light that it would not 
make a rope that would reach that far. 
There was only one thing to do. He must 
go to the Half-Way House for a rope. Hastily 
saying a word of encouragement to Jack, he 
started. He hardly used the brake at all, 
but rode his fastest. He was wet with per- 
spiration, not from the exercise, but from a 
terrible fear that his friend could not hold out 
until he returned from the house. When he 
had got the rope, the loafers about the place 
started up to help him. His anxiety for his 
friend spurred him on, and he soon left them 
far behind. The strain of the minutes used 
in going and coming was terrible. Several 
times he imagined his friend's fastening to 
the rock breaking and Jack falling the two 
thousand feet to the bottom of the canj'on. 
He reached the ledge and looked over. 

"Thank heaven." Jack was still safe. 
Hurriedly letting the rope down, he called 
to him to take hold. Before his friend's 
weight was heavy on the rope the men from 
the house took it from his hands. 

It was a strange party that boarded the 
train at the Half- Way House an hour later. 
Two pale young men and two bicycles, one 
of them bent and broken, were put on by 
the stragglers of the place. 

At the hotel that evening, the negro 
waiter, as he brought in their supper, noticed 
their haggard looks and thought them ill. 

" De air on de Peak am too much for con- 
sumptionists," he muttered, little dreaming 
of the experience through which they had 

The fund for a Harvard, building in memory of 
Phillips Brooks closes at $77,000. 

The Yale recitation periods have beeu changed 
from one hour to iifty minutes. 



A Few Pertinent Questions. 
TTTIME and time again has the question of 
■•■ a training table been talked of and as 
many times has it fallen into a profound 
slumber, but never has it been discussed act- 
ively enough to arouse any real enthusiasm 
on the subject. 

Every one in college believes that a train- 
ing table would be of inestimable benefit, 
but, alas, there has never been enough energy 
exerted to inquire into the matter and find 
out whether it is possible for Bowdoin to 
have one or not. 

At other colleges the benefits of a train- 
ing table have been clearly shown by the 
strides which athletics have taken there. 

Why should it not be so with us ? 

One objection to a training table has been 
raised here, namely, that it would take the 
various men under training away from their 
respective clubs. 

It is a pity that we could not disregard 
our mere personal comforts at such a time 
when the college good is at stake. 

We have suffered defeat year after year, 
not because we did not have the right sort 
of material, but merely for the reason that 
the same erroneous tactics have been handed 
down from generation to generation, bringing 
about their inevitable results. 

If the base-ball men ate together and 
thus came into closer contact than they do 
now, would there not be more sympathy, 
enthusiasm, and hard work on the part of the 
team? And would not this likewise result 
if the foot-ball team and the track athletes 
pursued the same course ? 

If we expect to do anything in the inter- 
collegiate meet next spring and wish to 
achieve victory in base-ball, we must certainly 
follow a much more rigorous and systematic 
course of training than was pursued last 

Another question which has been laid on 
the shelf several times is that of an athletic 

Here there are almost insurmountable 
difficulties to be overcome, but the fact stares 
us in the face that we must have a track of 
some kind before long. The only question 
is, how are we to obtain it? 

The cost of such a field and track is cer- 
tainly too much for the undergraduates to 
meet unaided, and it is only through gradu- 
ate and outside means that we can hope to 
secure so valuable an addition to the college. 

At the centennial next year the subject 
should be brought before the alumni and the 
great need of such a track here at Bowdoin 
clearly shown. 

Surely these are questions which ought 
to warrant the Athletic Association in call- 
ing a meeting and having them discussed. 

A committee should be appointed to 
make investigations concerning a training 
table and an athletic field, and it should be 
the duty of this committee to correspond 
freely with other colleges on the subject. 

If it is found necessary let us send some 
one on a brief tour to gather all the data 

Theta Delta Clii Convention. 

TTTHE fifty-seventh annual convention of the 
A Theta Delta Chi fraternity met in New 
York City, November 28th and 29th. The 
convention was called to order Tuesday 
morning in the parlors of Hotel Marlborough 
by President Benedict of the Grand Lodge. 
Delegates were present from all of the 
twenty-two charges of the fraternity. Among 
the important matters considered was the 
petition for a charter from the University of 
Wisconsin. It was recommended that the 
charter be granted. 

Tuesday evening a theatre party was 
formed and the delegates attended Abbey 



Theatre, where Henry Irving was playing 
"The Merchant of Venice." On Wednesday 
afternoon, after the routine work had been 
finished, the following of6cers were elected 
for the ensuing year : President, A. G. Ben- 
edict; Secretary, W. L. Sawtelle; Treasurer, 
B. F. Mansfield. 

In the evening a banquet was held at the 
Marlborough and plates laid for about one 
hundred and thirty. Mr. J. T. Carey of New 
York acted as toast-master ; Rev. Lewis 
Halsey, D.D., delivered the poem, and Prof. 
E. W. Huffent, the oration. 

A Joint Debate. 

DURING the past term, there has been 
considerable said concerning a college 
debating society; and there are, as it seems, 
many here who would enjoy such an institu- 
tion greatly and would take an active part 
in making it a success. But there is some- 
thing that we may add to the plan of an 
ordinary debating club which would increase 
the interest and prove a decided benefit. 
That is a joint debate with Colby. It is 
highly probable that our sister college would 
willingly enter into such a contest with us 
if we should take the initiative. It would 
be a good thing for the college, as the noto- 
riety and reputation gained by the course 
of Harvard and Yale in this matter shows. 
It could not help being beneficial to the 
students in more ways than one, and the 
intercollegiate character of the contest would 
alone be enough to ensure interest. Why 
can we not try it ? 

Eleven of the General Fellowships of Chicago 
University have been won by women. 

John D. Rockefeller has recently made a condi- 
tional gift of $500,000 toward the general fund for 
the University of Chicago. 

Minor Booth, an eccentric citizen of Munroe, 
Conn., has bequeathed to Yale several large quar- 
ries for geological purposes. 

WHILE all will wish to congratulate Yale 
University on the receipt of the sum of 
170,000 wherewith to found a chair of English 
Literature, it is more than probable that 
Bowdoin students will get quite a different 
suggestion, and a more selfish one. Standing 
now on the optimistic end of himself the 
writer is glad to state in a half-dozen sylla- 
bles, that Bowdoin has a department of 
English Literature of which all of us may 
well be proud. The course is admirably 
arranged and should be considered as one of 
the indispensables in the curriculum. One 
of the leading scholars of this country has 
lately said that to a man desiring an easy 
flow of thought and word a study of Milton 
and Shakespeare are essential and invaluable, 
and we may be sure that in the latter case, 
at least, Bowdoin can oEev a course excelled 
by verj'^ few contemporaries and surpassed 
by none. 

And speaking of the study of Shakes- 
peare, the Pessioptimist believes that he may 
be allowed to quote the following words of 
Mr. Charles A. Dana of the Netv York Sun, 
himself an ardent student of that author, and 
a noted thinker of the day. He says that 
from such a study "Things that are better 
than pleasure, more valuable than profit, they 
might thus secure. The soul will be illumi- 
nated, the intellect broadened, the spiritual 
nature exalted, the affections refined, the 
life dignified, the whole of the cherishable 
powers of manhood or womanhood inspired 
and augmented." These are the words of one 
who knows. Is not such an influence worthy 
of attainment ? 

1^ 'J^ * 31c- ^ 

Those were wise words uttered by Presi- 
dent Hyde before the Senior class, the other 
day, when he spoke of the advantage to be 



derived from a study of practical politics. 
And in view of those remai-ks, the Pessiop- 
timist ventures once more to speak on this 
point. Too many men look on what they 
term "politics" as a matter of interest to a 
few, in which ballots and candidates and 
wire-pullers are mixed inextricably with 
torch-light processions and enthusiastic, if 
unrighteous, inebriation. One often hears 
from a young man the remark, " Oh, well, 
that's politics, and I don't care for that," and 
that is likely to be followed up with a synop- 
sis of the latest "society " novel, or a careful 
review of " Town Topics " or the " Fireside 
Companion." Don't be afraid to study poli- 
tics. Don't be willing to be the " reflector 
of newspaper editorials." Study your science 
and your language and your philosophy, if 
you will, but don't neglect the study of his- 
torical and practical politics, on which is 
founded your countr3'''s life, and to whose 
development you owe the happiness and 
comfort of your daily existence. 

I^hgme arpd I^eagorp. 

The Carved Name. 

Only a name on the closet door, 
Carved fifty years ago or more ; 
But it meets to-day the searching eye 
Of a gray old stranger, lingering by 
His college home of yore. 

Plainly he reads the rough-carved line ; 
Nothing artistic makes it fine; 
'Tis only one of a hundred there. 
Engraved on the battered door with care 
By youths in the dead past time. 

Plainly he reads, but he cannot say 
What makes his heart throb so to-day ; 
And his youug guide wonders with surprise 
What causes the tears in the old man's eyes. 
And his sigh as he turns away. 


A little deed forsooth it seemed. 

Who could have guessed or would have dreamed 

Of how it ended? 
The fticts, in truth, are sad to tell, 
The faculty just gave them— well. 

They arc suspended. 


IFrom the French of Coppie.] 
I know a dread and sore-polluted shrine 
Where once a priest in stormy days of yore 
Sought death by his own hand, and thus its door 
Is ever closed to worshipers divine. 

No cross the altar sauctiQes, the Hue 

Of swinging censers perfume sheds no moi-e. 

But there thro' mouldering arch thedead leaves pour 

And faithful tapers there no longer shine. 

My conscience is that holy place defiled ; 
Remorse glides o'er its stones in leapiugs wild. 
For doubt, with sister pride, has wrought my fall. 
Self-willed and weak, I feel grief's piercing blade 
About my heart, bereft of that sweet shade, 
The outstretched baud of Christ, which blesses all. 

Among the most popular 
books in the library are Elijah 
Kellogg's stories for boys, and it is 
very seldom that any of these lie long 
upon the shelves. His recent visit and 
sermon here seems to have increased 
the interest in them, aud they are more in demand 
than ever. 

Davis, '97, is teaching in Wells. 
Swan, '96, is teaching in Windham. 
McCann, '93, visited the college last week. 
L. K. Lee, '92, was on the campus last week. 
Professor MacDonald lectured in Searsport last 



Merriman, '92, was on the campus last week. 

Goodell, '93, visited friends in college last week. 

Quite a number have been on the sick list 

Chapman, '91, now in New York, was in town 

Jones, '93, was calling on friends here Friday and 

Map-making has been a favorite occupation with 
the Juniors lately. 

Quite a number of sub-Freshmen have been on 
the campus lately. 

The foot-ball eleven was photographed by Reed 
& Webber last week. 

Pendleton, '90, was here last week as represent- 
ative of Wright & Ditson. 

Hebb, '96, has gone to Virginia, where he will 
canvass during the winter. 

W. W. Thomas, '94, came back last week after 
several weeks' illness at home. 

Anderson, '94, who has been out sick for some 
time, returned to work last week. 

Strickland, '97, was obliged, by throat trouble, 
to go home soon after Thanksgiving. 

Cold weather and storms caused a suspension of 
work on the Science Building last week. 

Plumsted, '96, was able to go home the day 
before Thanksgiving, and has not returned. 

Lord, '94, has been kept by sickness for some 
time from his duties as leader of the chapel choir. 

Professor Johnson granted his French classes 
several adjourns last week on account of outside 

Robinson, '87, now principal of Washington 
Academy, was in town recently and visited friends 
in college. • 

Upper Memorial has echoed with the eloquence 
of the rehearsing Sophomore prize-speakers every 
day for two or three weeks. 

The college is still much in doubt as to the 
nature of the '97 yell, in spite of the fact that 
Thanksgiving has come and gone. 

An unusually large number remained in college 
over the Thanksgiving recess. There were about 
fifty in chapel on the following Monday morning. 

It is given out on authority that the faculty and 
jury will not push the matter relative to the singing 
of the chapelchoir Monday morning, December Uth. 

President Hyde preached at the Pine Street 
Congregational Church, Lewistou, December 10th, 
and gave the Sunday-school a short talk at the 
opening exercises. 

At last the disputed question of the base-ball 
captaincy is settled. At a meeting of the members 
of last year's team, now in college, held December 
7th, Sykes, '94, was elected to the position. 

Simpson, '94, who has been teaching at Boothbay 
Harbor for nearly a year, returned to college last 
week. He will soon have his back work all squared 
up, and be ready to graduate with his class. 

The Banjo and Guitar Club will be made up as 
follows : First banjos, Bryant, '94 (leader), Baxter, 
'94, Coburn, '96, and Russ, '95; second banjos, 
Bailey, '96, and Ward, '96 ; guitars. Bliss, '94, and 
Shaw, '95. 

The near approach of the holiday vacation of two 
weeks makes the boys anxious to get home. Exam- 
ination week drags slowly with only one examina- 
tion a day, though many are very grateful for the 
spare time. 

The mysterious disappearance of a two-gallon 
jug of cider from the team of Professor Colby, of 
the chair of Kerosene Distribution and Cider Supply, 
caused considerable amusement around North Ap- 
pleton, last week. 

Though a marked change for the better has been 
noticeable in the conduct of those using the reading- 
room since its recent improvements, yet all the old 
spirit has not been killed out, and there are a few 
who have yet to learn how to behave decently in a 
public place. 

The Cumberland County Teachers' Annual Con- 
vention was held at the Brunswick High School 
building last Friday and Saturday, and quite a 
number of students attended. Addresses by Pro- 
fessor Robinson and Professor Chapman were the 
features of the sessions of Friday afternoon and 

During the winter term Rev. Mr. Guild, of the 
Unitarian church, will deliver a series of lectures 
upon American literature, under the auspices of the 
college. There will probably be seven in the series, 
and they will be delivered in lower Memorial. They 
will be open to all the students, and will offer an 
opportunity which few will want to miss. 

The room in the library formerly known as the 
Sophia Walker Art Gallery is not long to remain 
unoccupied, now that its contents are removed to 



tbe Art Building. Hereafter it will be of special 
interest to the alumni, as here will be kept the class 
albums and pictures, books written by the alumni, 
autograph letters of famous graduates, and other 
articles of value and interest. 

Rev. W. C. Pond, '48, was on the campus a few 
weeks since, looking over the much-changed scenes 
of his college days. He visited his old room, 8 
A. H., and read on the inside of the closet door his 
name, where he had written it nearly half a century 
ago. Nearly all college rooms have registers like 
this, but few have them so complete and systemat- 
ically kept. Here, neatly arranged in order, are 
the autographs of all who have occupied the room, 
about seventy in number, since Appleton Hall was 
built. Every name can be plainly read, and it is a 
most interesting list to look over. 

The attractiveness of the Brunswick girls has 
been apereunial theme forcollege song and story and 
productive of no end of romance. But the fact that 
a loose pig gave chase to a couple of the Brunswick 
damsels on Thanksgiving Day isn't so romantic, 
and not pleasant for the college youth to contem- 
plate. The chronicler saith that the animal seemed 
attracted by the colors which the girls wore, blue 
and green. It's safe to assume that hereafter the 
college boy will fight shy of the girls in blue and 
green and the "yagger" will be left in undisputed 
possession thereof. — Kennebec Journal. 

Something in an artistic line has just appeared 
which will be of much interest to students and 
alumni. It is aBowdoin centennial calendar designed 
by Miss M. A. L. Burton of Boston. Pictures' of 
President McKeen, Hon. James Bowdoin, and Pres- 
ident Hyde are arranged across the top. Lower 
down are faithful sketches of the Walker Art Build- 
ing, the chapel, and Thorndike oak, and in a wreath 
around the whole are the names of some of the 
famous sons of Bowdoin, Longfellow, Hawthorne, 
Pierce, Cheever, Abbot, Kellogg, Howard, Cham- 
berlain, Fuller, Cilley, Reed, and others. Itissome- 
thing every student will want in his room, and it 
makes a very pretty gift for the holidays. 

Required gymnasium work began December 
1 1th, the Juniors and Freshmen coming in the fore- 
noon and the Seniors and Sophomores in the after- 
noon. It is probable that a new schedule will be 
arranged for the winter term. Each class has its 
usual drill, and the foot-ball and base-ball squads 
are getting to work. There was never more and 
better athletic material in college than now, and 
the winter's work promises to be an interesting and 

profitable one. Already the spring exhibition is 
flitting before the eyes of many. Dr. Whittier will 
be assisted in the gymnasium by Ross, '94, Machan, 
'93, Kimball, Dewey and Foster, '75, Bates, '96, 
and others. 

How many students have ever been through the 
Cleaveland Cabinet? Certainly not all, and far less 
than would be expected by those who know the 
value of the extensive collection in upper Massa- 
chusetts. Seldom, except when they have visitors 
whom they wish to show the sights, do the students, 
especially the under-classmen, visit the Cabinet, and 
then they, as well as their company, are amazed 
and delighted at the wonders of the numberless 
interesting and strange things to be seen there. 
This collection is one of the things of which Bow- 
doin has the most reason to be proud ; and it is a 
liberal education in itself to spend a few days in- 
specting the contents of the large hall and galleries. 
No student, no matter what course he is taking, 
can afford to miss any of his chances to visit the 
Cleaveland Cabinet of Natural History. 

President Hyde, Professor Moody, and Professor 
MacDonald, as a committee on the part of the 
faculty, have been making plans as to remodeling 
the first floor of Adams Hall before another colle- 
giate year begins. The departments now there will 
take up a more commodious and elaborate abode in 
the Searles Science Building, and the departments 
of Mathematics and History will move in. For each 
there will be built a large lecture-room well lighted 
and adapted to its purpose in every way. These 
two halls, with two smaller rooms at the west end, 
will occupy the entire floor. The west entrance and 
stairway will be done away with, and the only 
entrance will be the present one on the campus side. 
Lower Memorial will be used as a room for meet- 
ings and lectures, but no more as a mathematical 
room after this year.* It is uncertain whether or 
not the modern language rooms will be changed 
from Winthrop Hall. 

The Boston Journal of Education, last week, 
gave a fine picture of President Hyde and the fol- 
lowing appreciative mention: "We know of no 
more useful man in this country than Dr. William 
DeWitt Hyde, president of Bowdoin College. Into 
the time-honored rural college he has brought new 
life. His personality is a potent factor in the entire 
community. To each of the faculty he is a peculiar 
element of strength ; to every young man he is all 
that Garfield described Mark Hopkins as being; to 
the State of Maine he is a great moral, religious, 



and intellectual leader; in the college councils of 
the land he is a wise counselor; in national educa- 
tional oifcles his voice is as often heard as that of 
any other college man, and in authorship he has 
already won an honorable position. One of the 
youngest of the fraternity, coming to the work from 
a New York pastorate, he has made himself a leader 
among leaders in scholastic circles." 

Following is the programme of the Sophomore 
prize speaking to be held in Upper Memorial, 
Thursday evening, December 21st : 
Speech on Federal Election Law. — Spooner. 

Preston Kyes, North Jay. 
Retributive Justice. — Corwln. 

Charles Arnold Knight, Brunswick. 
Marc Antony's Address. — Shakespeare. 

Howard Gilpatric, Biddeford. 
Eulogy on LaFayette. — Everett. 

John Clair Minot, Belgrade. 
Scene at the Great Natural Bridge. — Burritt. 

Herbert Otis Clough, Kennebunkport. 
The Unknown Speaker. 

Alfred Perley Ward, Preeport. 
How Salvator Won. — Wilson. 

John Harold Bates, West Sumner. 
Catiline's Defiance. — Croly. 

Henry Wheeler Coburn, Weld. 
How Conrad Held the Bridge.— Pyle. 

Charles Winslow Marston, Hallowell. 
Death of Arnold. — Lippard. 

Robert Orange Small, Berlin Mills, N. H. 
The Last Leaf. — Holmes. 

George Theodore Ordway, Boston. 
What America Has Done for the World. — Verplanck. 

Clarence Edgar Baker, Alna. 

The committee of arrangements is made up of 
Minot, Knight, and Small. 

At a meeting of the base-ball managers of the 
four colleges constituting the league, held in Water- 
ville, last Saturday, Bowdoin was awarded the 
championship for 1893. A new constitution was 
drawn up, which will have to be ratified by each 
college before being adopted. Under the wording 
of this proposed constitution, Medical students will 
be eligible to the team. Bowdoin was represented 
by Manager Thomas, '94, and Captain Sykes, '94. 
The schedule for 1894 is as follows : 

May 2, 
May 2, 
May 5, 
May 8, 
May 9, 
May 9, 
May 12, 
May 12, 
May 18, 
May 19, 

Bowdoin vs. Bates, . . at Brunswick. 
Colby vs. M. S. C, . . at Waterville. 
Colby vs. Bowdoin, ... at Lewiston. 
Bowdoin vs. M. S. C, . at Brunswick. 
Bowdoin vs. Colby, . . at Waterville. 
Bates vs. M. S. C, ... at Lewiston. 
Bowdoin vs. Bates, ... at Lewiston. 
Colby vs. M. S. C, . . . at Bangor. 
Bates vs. M. S. C, ... at Bangor. 
Bates vs. Colby, ... at Waterville. 

May 22, . 

. . Bowdoin vs. M. S. C, 

. . at Bangor 

May 23, . 

. . Bowdoin vs. M. S. C, 

. at Waterville 

May 26, . 

. . Bowdoin vs. Colby, . 

. at Brunswick 

May 30, . 

. . Bates vs. Colby, . . 

. at Brunswick 

June 2, . 

. . Bowdoin vs. Bates, . 

. at Waterville 

June 6, . 

. . Bowdoin vs. Colby, . 

. . at Lewiston 

June 8, . 

. . Bates vs. M. S. C, . 

at Waterville 

June 9, . 

. . Colby vs. M. S. C, . 

at Waterville 

43.— The death of George 
Payson, one of the oldest 
and most distinguished members of 
the Chicago bar, brother of Edward, 
class of '32, and third son of the cele- 
brated Dr. Edward Payson of Portland, 
who died about 1829, occurred at his home in 
Chicago on December 1st. Mr. Payson was seventy 
years of age and had spent enough of his life in 
Chicago to be reckoned as one of the city's pioneers. 
Nervous prostration, with serious complications 
which old age could not stand, was the cause of his 
death. Mr. Payson had been ill since last June and 
unable to attend to business. In September he 
went to Cahfornia in the hope of benefiting his 
health, but was obliged to return home in the latter 
part of October without any change for the better. 
He leaves a widow, one son and a daughter. The 
latter are George S. Payson, an attorney, and 
Margaret, a young lady who recently completed her 
schooling. Mr. Payson was born in Portland, May 
26, 1824, and fitted for college at Portland Academy. 
About 1850, when the California gold excitement 
was at its height, he, with two brothers, went 
thither round Cape Horn. A few years later, after 
his return, he wrote their experience in "Golden 
Dreams and Leaden Realities." Later he published 
a novel called " Totemwell," a tale of New England 
country life. In 1856 he came to Chicago and begun 
the practice of his profession, continuing with 
unvarying success. In 1857 Mr. Payson returned 
to Maine and married Miss Margaret Codman, 
daughter of Randolph A. L. Codman, one of the 
greatest lawyers of the Pine Tree State. In 1874 
he took up the branch of patent law and confined 
himself almost entirely to cases of that character. 
It was then that he became general counsel for the 



Western Railroad Association, wiiich position he 
held up to the time of his death, combining with 
its duties during latter years those of treasurer of 
the association. 

'44.— General Samuel J. Anderson and family 
have gone to Boston. After the holidays they will 
go South for the winter. 

'46.— From Dr. Myles Standish, '75, we have 
received the following notice of Dr. Fogg, whose 
death was noticed In our last issue : " John S. H. 
Fogg of South Boston, Mass., recently deceased, 
was a charter member of Theta Chapter of Delta 
Kappa Epsilon. He was graduated M.D., Harvard 
University, 1850, and has lived in Boston since that 
date. He was a member of the school board of 
Boston in 1854, and again in 1868-1874; a member 
of the Massachusetts House of Representatives in 
1855. He was twice ra^trried ; first, to Sarah Frances 
Gordon of South Berwick, Me., and second, to Mary 
Griselda Clinch of Boston, Mass. Dr. Fogg was 
confined to his room for many years before his 
decease, and while there became one of the best 
authorities upon autographs in the country. He 
contributed many valuable papers to the New Eng- 
land Genealogical Register and possessed a collec- 
tion of autographs valued at $25,000. Dr. Fogg's 
collection of autographs has been left to his wife 
during her life, afterward to the Maine Historical 
Society. It contains autographs of all British rulers 
since Henry VII., all Presidents, Vice-Presidents, 
signers of the Declaration of Independence, and 
many otlier groups, and is one of the finest collec- 
tions in the country. Various accounts of it have 
appeared recently in the daily papers. 

'50. — Gen. O. O. Howard, commander of the 
eastern division of the United States Army, spoke 
at the unveiling of the Nathan Hale statue in New 
York on Evacuation Day. 

'52.— At the meeting of the Maine Commandery 
of the Loyal Legion, held in Portland on Wednes- 
day, December 6th, Gen. Joshua L. Chamberlain 
delivered an interesting paper on " The White Oak 
Road, March 31st, 1865." 

'54.— Lieutenant-Colonel H. Clay Wood has 
recently been promoted to a colonelcy in the Adju- 
tant General's Department, U. S. Army. 

'57.— Charles W. Pickard, of Portland, has re- 
cently presented the library with fifty volumes of 
unbound periodicals and fifty of current literature. 
'58. — Hon. Edward Bovvdoin Nealley, of Bangor, 
recently gave a dinner to Senator Eugene Hale in 
that city. 

'60.— Gen. John Marshall Brown is president of 
the corporation of P. H. & S. M. Brown which has 
just been organized in Portland. 

'60.— Hon. Thomas B. Reed was present at the 
dinner of the Home Market Club in Boston on 
November 22d. He and Major McKinley were the 
club's guests on the occasion. 

'61. — Hon. L. A. Emery is holding a term of 
court in Aroostook County. 

'64, Medical.— Dr. John A. Larrabee, of Louis- 
ville, Ky., Professor of Obstetrics and Diseases of 
Children in the Hospital College of Medicine, was 
elected President of that institution in June last. 
Dr. Larrabee is one of the most prominent and best- 
known specialists in diseases of children in the 
South and West. 

'65.— J. F. Dudley, vice-president of the Etna 
Insurance Company of Hartford, Conn., has given 
a good turkey Thanksgiving dinner to the boys of 
Good Will Farm. 

'73.— The annexationists at Hawaii held a mass- 
meeting November 28th. There were probably 1,000 
persons present at the meeting. F. M. Hatch, vice- 
president of the Provisional Government, presided 
and appealed to Congress against the Executive. 
He held that Secretary Gresham does not know 
international law. He claimed the Provisional Gov- 
ernment never submitted Its right to the United 
States. Frank M. Hatch is mentioned as likely to 
be appointed minister of foreign affairs under the 
provisional government if a bill is passed for sepa- 
ration of the offices of president of the provisional 
government and the minister of foreign affairs. He 
is a native of Portsmouth, N. H., about 42 years of 
age. Soon after graduation he went to Honolulu 
to continue his law studies in the oflSce of his 
uncle, the late Chief Justice Harris. He has 
been prominent as a legal adviser and annexation- 
ist. His father, the late Albert R. Hatch, was one 
of the prosperous lawyers and politicians of New 

'73.— Judge Wiswell opened a term of court in 
Somerset County on the 19th. 

'73. — Hon. George S, Mower has recently been 
elected to the South Carolina State Senate. He is 
practicing law in Newberry, S. C. 

»78.— Philip Greeley Brown is treasurer of the 
corporation of P. M. & J. M. Brown, of Portland, 

'85.— Alfred W. Rogers, for the past three years 
superintending principal of Greenport Union School, 
Greenport, L. I., is now principal of the high 
school in Millbury, Mass. 



'90. — Dr. George A. Tolman will begin the prac- 
tice of medicine at Dover, N. H., and has left for 
that city. 

'91. — Charles S. F. Lincoln graduates from the 
Hospital College of Medicine of Louisville, Ky., in 
June, 1894. 

Book I^eviewg. 

("Die Erhebmig Europasgegan Napoleon I.," von 
Heinrich von Syhel. Edited by A. B. Nichols. 
Ginn & Co., Boston, 1893.) 

The editor of the present volume could scarce 
have selected more useful and, at the same tiuie, 
more Instructive material for class work than 
that here presented. Three lectures delivered by 
Professor Sybel at the University of Munich and 
dealing with the critical period of European history 
between 1789 and 1815, furnish the subject matter. 
The aim of the book is, as the editor says in his 
preface, to encourage the student to intelligent, 
rapid reading rather than to careful study of the 
text. To this end, copious notes have been added, 
explanatory of the more important historical allu- 

Both in subject matter and in treatment the 
book is admirably adapted to advanced work in 

(Laboratory Guide in General Chemistry, by 
George Willard Benton, A.M. D. C. Heath & Co.) 
In this compact volume, work is laid out for a 
twenty weeks' course; instruction is given for the 
successful performance of over one hundred and 
fifty experiments, in general inorganic chemistry. 
That the great principles may be developed and 
results understood the statements and experiments 
are made as plain and as simple as possible. Blank 
pages are inserted where the student can supple- 
ment the work with facts of his own observations. 

(VergiVs JSneid, Eighth Book, edited by John 
Tetlow, D.Sc. Ginu & Co.) To the average student 
of the classics the books beyond the Sixth of the 
iEneid are unfamiliar, notwithstanding the fact 
that the last six differ widely in character from 
those of the first, the former being a narrative of 
war and conquest, like the Iliad, the latter, a story 
of adventure comparing well with the Odyssey. A 
better idea of the whole work can be obtained by 
an occasional excursion into the field of the later 

books, and great relief afforded the teacher who is 
compelled to go over the same ground each year. 

Professor Charles Eliot Norton of Harvard Uni- 
versity, has for some time been at work with Miss 
Kate Stephens, on a compilation of English 
prose and poetry for young folks. This compilation 
is now ready, and is soon to be published by D. C. 
Heath & Co., Boston, under the title of " The 
Heart of Oak Books." 

D. C. Heath & Co., Boston, have in press for 
immediate issue an edition of Soheffel's Ekkehard, 
edited by Professor Carla Wenckeback of Wellesley 

This unique and famous work of German litera- 
ture is exceedingly valuable for class purposes and 
for private reading, alike for its highly interesting 
narrative and for the faithful picture it presents of 
certain phases of German life and history in the 
middle ages. As the complete work is rather long for 
ordinary courses, and contains, besides, digressions 
of minor interest and unconnected with the narra- 
tive, the editor has reduced its length considerably, 
thereby putting the work into convenient limits, 
while preserving essentially the whole. 

The publishing house of Miles & Thompson is 
about to issue a work entitled " Ornaments in Music, 
— Described and Illustrated," from the pen of the 
well-known Boston musician, Mr. Harry P. Pay. 

Bearing the impress of a strong personality, the 
book presents and illustrates theories and opinions 
in a way which will be taken practical advantage of 
by students and lovers of music who think. 

Its general appearance is attractive and dainty, 
and creditable to both author and publishers. 

college \}©opId. 

An Adage. 
A certain ancient saying's true 

When a man has loved and won. 
For when a kiss unites the two, 
"Two heads are better than one." 

— Brunonian. 
Amherst College holds class prayer-meetings. 
The authorities of the Kentucky University 
have put a stop to sports on account of the gam- 
bling they occasioned. 

Chicago University professors are deprived of 
the title, and henceforth are "Mr." 

The late Francis Parkman, the historian, left 
his entire library to Harvard. 



Won the Pot. 

That little hand! 
I hold It firm in mine 
And scan its outlines fine. 

My eyes expand, 
And grow with love intense and strong: 
I gaze upon it fond and long, 

That little hand! 

That little hand! 
It is so smooth, so pure and white. 
And covered o'er with diamonds quite, 

In beauty grand. 
Oh, how I love it! See me press 
It to my lips in fond caress. 

That little hand! 

That little hand! 
There are no others fair as you! 
I lay you down, and gladly, too, 

With manner bland. 
It was a diamond flush and straight! 
Soon may I hold its charming mate! 

That little hand! — Columbia Spectator. 

Harvard has established a meteorological office 
on top of the volcano of Arequipa, Peru, 19,000 feet 
above sea level. 

Columbia College offers free tuition for the course 
to the Freshman passing the best entrance exami- 
nation. This tuition is equivalent to $680 in money. 

In England, one man in 5,000 attends college; 
in Scotland one in 615; in Germany one in 213; in 
the United States one in 2,000. 

It is reported that Chicago University is tending 
towards a strictly graduate school such as will rival 
the highest universities of Europe. 

Greek is no longer required for admission into 

Winged Riches. 

I would I were the dainty hat 

Perched lightly on my lady's brow; 
For then I know that I'd be worth 
A darn site more than I am now. 

— Lehigh Burr, 
Thirty young women have applied for admission 
to Yale's post-graduate department. Eight of them 
are from Smith. 

Trinity's most recent gifts amount to $70,000. 
Union College will celebrate its centennial in 

Absences are not reported at the University of 
Chicago until the end of the year. A student having 
more than thirty is required to take one extra course 
for the next year. 

The rule requiring church attendance has been 
dispensed with at Adelbert. 

Miss Bertha Lomme, who has recently taken the 
degree of electrical engineer at the Ohio State Uni- 
versity, is said to be the first woman in the world 
to receive this degree. Mr. Edison says women are 
especially fitted for electrical work on account of 
their delicacy of touch. 

She Smiles. 
She smiles I 

The parting clouds of heavenly blue. 
Which let the mellow sunlight through. 
Reveal a far less lovely light 
Than her sweet smile, so true, so bright. 

She laughs ! 

The silvery tone of bell or chime, 
The skylark's hymn in summer time, 
Not half so sweetly greet my ear 
As her light laugh, so full, so clear. 

— Trinity Tablet. 

Foot-ball in every form has been prohibited by 
the University at Heidelberg, Germany. They draw 
the line at dueling, and will allow nothing more 

Hazing is unpopular in Ohio. The State Senate 
has provided penalties ranging from a $100 fine to 
a term in the penitentiary for the difierent phases of 
this misdemeanor. 

Two hundred and sixty graduate students are 
enrolled at Johns Hopkins. 

Joseph Pulitzer has contributed $100,000 toward 
the Columbia College building fund of $2,000,000, 
in order to assist capable and ambitious poor boys 
to obtain a college education. 

President Harper, of the University of Chicago, 
gives the average salary of college presidents as 
$3,047, of college professors $2,015, and of in- 
structors as $1,470. 

The University of California has two blind 
students taking regular work, and one has distin- 
guished himself as a thinker and speaker. 

The sum of $55,000 has been collected by Ameri- 
can ladies for the furtherance of the higher medical 
education of women in Johns Hopkins. 

At the commencement of Roanoke College the 
valedictorian was a full-blooded Indian of the Choc- 
taw nation. S. J. Homer was his name. 

The subscriptions for the new Dental School at 
Harvard amount to $16,000. 

The University of Michigan has enrolled two 
Chinese women as students. 

Cornell is endeavoring to form a debating league 
with Columbia, Pennsylvania, and University of 
Michigan . 



Girard College has an endowment of $12,500,000. 

The late Mrs. Ellen Battell Eldridge has left 
$59,000 to Yale in three bequests. The first, of 
$20,000, will be devoted to the Battell professorship 
of music; the second, of $25,000, will go toward 
founding two graduate scholarships or fellowships 
to be named in memory of the donor ; and the third, 
of $15,000, will be added to the university library 

A Decision. 

As a maid so nice, 
With step precise 
T ripped o'er the ice, 
She slipped: her care in vain. 
And at the fall, 
With usual gall, 
The school-boys call 
" Third down; two feet to gain." 

— Brunonian. 

Three of the books on Political Economy of 
Prof R. T. Ely, of the University of Wisconsin, 
have been translated into Japanese. 

Professor Charles Eliot Norton of Harvard will 
be the Trumbull^ lecturer on poetry at Johns Hop- 
kins this winter. 

The Phorraio of Terence is being rehearsed by 
the Classical Clubs of Harvard for presentation at 
the Sanders theatre. 

There is considerable agitation at Tufts regard- 
ing the postponing of fratoi'nity initiations until the 
Sophomore year of the candidate. 

A Deceptive Missive. 
When the mail brought this letter for me 

My joy I could hardly restrain, 
For I thought it was written by Maud, 
In her usual light, airy vein. 

I opened the seal but, alas, 

The contents weren't what I supposed. 
Yet I'll own they were airy and light, 

'Twas my gas-bill I found there inclosed. 

—Trinity Tablet. 

Of the .3,000 students enrolled at the University 
of Berlin, 800 are Americans. 

The University of Michigan has a fraternity 
which admits both sexes to its membership. 

Illinois University, having acquired the flsh ex- 
hibit which attracted so much attention at the 
World's Pair, is building an aquarium. 

The traditional "college fence" at Yale, which 
was removed to give place to Vanderbilt Hall, is to 
be rebuilt, at the request of the undergraduates. 

The students in Iowa College have subscribed 
$10,000 for a Y. M. C. A. building. 

The Legislature of Wisconsin has appropriated 
$85,000 for athletic grounds and buildings for the 
State University. 

The Yale commons has a seating capacity of 420. 

The State University of Nebraska has an enroll- 
ment of 1500 students this fall. 

A little miss, 
A little kiss, 
A little bliss, 
It's ended. 
A little jaw, 
A little law, 
And lo, the bonds are rended. 

— Fish Herald 

A new psychological review will make its appear- 
ance this year under the editorial care of Professors 
Baldwin of Princeton and Cattell of Columbia. 

Bates College contemplates erecting a $150,000 
lierary as a memorial to the late James G-. Blaine. 
He was one of the trustees. 

Professor Goodwin of Columbia has offered to 
assume the entire debt of the Athletic Union of that 
institution, amounting to $2,500. 

F^oFL TX3:E] F'II='E3. 





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Descriptive pamphlet free on application to 
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Beware of Substitutes and Imitations. 

Mention Orient when Patroniizing Our Advertisers. 


Vol. XXIII. 


No. 12. 





F. W. PiCKAKD, '94, Managing Editor. 

F. J. LiBBY, '94, Assistant Managing Editor. 

B. L. Bryant, '95, Business Manager. 

H. E. Andrews, '94. A. G. Wiley, '95. 

E. M. Simpson, '94. J. C. Minot, '96. 

H. "VV. Thayer, '95. H. H. Pierce, '96. 

J. E. Dunning. 

Per annum, in advance. 
Single Copies, 

. $2.00. 
15 Cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Manager. 

Uemittances should be made to the Business Manager. Cora- 
nuinicationsin regard to all other matters should beairectert to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribuie 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanicrl by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Rhyme and Reason Department should be 
sent to Box 0, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should be sent to Box 140, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post-OiEce at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 

Printed at the Journal OfiBce, Lewiston, Maine. 


Vol. XXIII., No. 12.— January 24, 1894. 

Editorial Notes 199 

At the Fair, 201 

Alumni Association of New Yoris; City 203 

Washington Alumni Meeting, 20.3 

Inter Nos, 204 

Khyme and Reason: 

Sonnet 205 

Down by the Sea 205 

Penelope 205 

The Pessioptimist 206 

Collegii Tabula, 207 

Personal, 208 

In Memoriam, 211 

College World, 2X2 

The Orient seldom speaks editorially 
of the secret fraternities existing in Bowdoin 
save in the most general way. The rivalry 
between them makes the subject a delicate 
one, and the diiSculty is increased by the 
cry of "partisanship" that is sure to arise 
if an individual fraternity is named or 
indicated. Then, too, it is almost inevi- 
table that any criticism, in however fair and 
sincere spirit it may be made, be taken as a 
slur on the society mentioned, or as an 
attempt to belittle it or bring it into disre- 
pute. Therefore, before touching on this 
half-forbidden theme we wish to say frankly 
and truthfully that we have no wish to cast 
the least reflection on any fraternity, nor are 
we seeking, in the remotest degree, to praise 
and magnify any society at the expense of 
any others. We simply wish to express the 
honest opinion of many graduates and 
under-graduates in regard to the conditions 
of fraternity life in Bowdoin, with especial 
reference to what we may term "College 

There must in the nature of things be 
constant rivalry between six fraternities, all 
pursuing similar ends and essentially the 
same in spirit and purpose. It might be 
allowable to ask what these aims are, and 
whether the acquiring of offices for members 



is the chief end of fraternity life, but pass- 
ing over this we will consider briefly the 
threatening evil from a purely materialistic 
standpoint. Look at the facts as though 
you were a disinterested party. What 
college election of the last two years can 
you mention in which some if not all the 
candidates were elected on purely " party " 
lines, the "parties" consisting of the mem- 
bers of some two or more fraternities whose 
imagined common interests held them 
together? How many men elected to the 
management of the various departments of 
our athletic work can say that they were 
elected purely for their capabilities and with- 
out the aid of a "combine"? How numer- 
ous are the cases we all recall in which a 
nominee has withdrawn from an office to 
which he aspired and which he could have 
filled with honor, because of society press- 
ure, his resignation leaving the place open 
to a less desirable man, simply because the 
former's fraternity desired another office 
which they deemed of more importance. 
The recent elections of base-ball and foot-ball 
captains are cases in point. One may not 
find fault with the selection made in either 
case, but the hard feeling engendered has 
not yet subsided. 

The injury done the athletic interests of 
the college is apparent. The feeling of 
indifference which characterizes winter 
training among us is the direct result of 
these fraternity strifes and the antagonisms 
aroused by them. One man will not train 
because he considers himself defeated for 
the captaincy by unfair means, another 
because he recalls some slighting remark 
of his victorious opponents, while a third 
bluntly declares that nothing can make him 
train under the supervision of a member of 
such and such a society. One party is 
always dissatisfied and maintains a constantly 
critical attitude. Harmony is all essential 
whenever combined effort is required, and in 

a hard-fought match the inharmonious nine 
or eleven must always go to the wall. 

We have said nothing of this evil as it 
appears in class elections. Among forty 
men who have been constantly together for 
two or three years, fraternity feeling, how- 
ever strong, would seem powerless to occa- 
sion bitter disputes and questionable schemes 
to obtain the ascendency. And yet it does. 
When two or three delegations deliberately 
form a plan to secure every office in the gift 
of the class, it is time to call a halt. But 
this has been done, or at least attempted, 
and more than once. If even class pride is 
not proof against the foe, what can avail ? 

A graduate, himself an ardent fraternity 
man, and now prominent in his profession, 
writes: "As far as the athletic interests of 
the old college are concerned I regard the 
fraternities as the chief obstacles to cham- 
pionship teams. It would be better for 
Bowdoin's athletics if every chapter were 
extinct." We are not prepared to fully 
endorse this view, for we regard the trouble 
as one due to fraternity ambition, crystal- 
lized by the custom of succeeding years, 
and not as an evil co-existent with fraternity 

A practical opportunity of deciding 
whether society feeling is supreme over class 
and college loyalty will occur in the 
approaching class and athletic elections. 
We do not expect a revolution in senti- 
ment. Most good things are of slow growth . 
But we hope and believe that a more patri- 
otic and liberal sentiment will eventually 
prevail. Let every one remember that 
although he is a fraternity man he is first of 
all a Bowdoin man. 

'U MOMENTARY hesitancy on the part of 
/ -*■ the editor as to whether a certain article 
should be finally domiciled in the Orient or 
in the waste-basket, resulted in the resolu- 
tion to establish a new department, which 



appears in this number under the title of 
" Inter Nos." We shall endeavor in this 
department to introduce a somewhat new 
element into the Orient, a series of articles 
lighter in treatment than the average effu- 
sion. We do not vouch for their literary 
excellence, or for their merit as would-be 
"funny " sketches. We do, however, believe 
that the sombre succession of "Hints on 
Chapel Etiquette," "Suggestions," and "Odes 
to the Chapel Towers," should be relieved 
by an attempt at something less funereal. 
The permanence of the arrangement will 
depend upon the support the column receives, 
both in the comment of the students and 
contributions from them. 

T)OWDOIN'S graduates are scattered 
-^ throughout the length and breadth of 
the land, and the college needs no better 
advertisement. Honorable positions fall to 
their lot in the West as in the East. The 
brilliancy of the little group of Bowdoin 
alumni residing in Washington has often 
been commented upon, and the other large 
cities have no reason to be ashamed of the 
Bowdoin men in their midst. 

We give elsewhere a brief account of the 
recent meetings of the Washington and New 
York Alumni Associations, and in the Rhyme 
and Reason column, by the kindness of Mr. 
James McKeen, President of the Bowdoin 
Alumni Association, present a sonnet read 
by him at the New York meeting. 

TITHE subject of a college whist tournament 
"»■ was broached last winter, but so late in 
the term that the scheme was deemed imprac- 
ticable. The game has many devotees and 
a contest would be of general interest. We 
suggest that steps be taken at once by those 
interested to bring about a tournament, 
either between representatives of the frater- 
nities and non-society men, or open to all 

pairs who care to compete. There are plenty 
of men ready to play, and all that is needed 
is some one to set the ball in motion. 

At the Fair. 

CHICAGO, with its lofty buildings and 
smoking chimneys, was basking in the 
sunlight of one of August's hottest days. 
The crowd, stretching through the gates of 
the Fair Grounds, in and around the differ- 
ent buildings, and through the many streets 
and ways, walked listlessly along, rarely stop- 
ping to study any of the marvelous exhibits 
spread out before it. All wore an air of 
weariness. Even the guards lost their hab- 
itual air of stolid indifference and sought the 
shade of. trees or buildings; and the chair- 
men were less clamorous for a passenger than 
usual. The men were noticed to gather in 
the German gardens, while the women, under 
wide-spread parasols, strolled leisurely along 
or seated themselves in the shade and waited 
for their escorts to rejoin them. 

One young man in particular, leaning ou 
his cane under the shade of a friendly tree, 
and looking reflectively at the tips of his 
shoes, presented au especially thoughtful 
appearance, accounted for by the fact of his 
approaching departure after a stay of only 
two weeks. He couldn't really see why 
people should wear themselves out in the 
attempt to see things that weren't so very 
interesting after all. He had ridden on the 
Ferris wheel, and visited state and national 
buildings and buildings of all sorts, which 
contained a great deal of what might interest 
a man much more hlase with the sights of 
the world than Harry Harwood believed 
himself to be. 

But then he must be somewhat pardoned 
when one takes into consideration that 
barely two months had elapsed since he had 
graduated from a university with honors ; 
and, moreover, that he was tired and warm. 



He had tramped all day, passing rapidly from 
one object to another, and from building to 
building, until his head whirled with the 
multitude of things he had seen, and he 
longed to get away from it all, back to the 
sea-side and his yacht. 

As he was thinking seriously of return- 
ing to his lodgings and packing his things in 
readiness for the early morning train, it 
occurred to him that he had omitted to look 
up that picture of J'orrester's, an artist 
friend of his, which he had promised cer- 
tainly to do. So, in pursuance of this idea 
he turned his steps towards the art building. 
To be sure he felt no real interest or curi- 
osity in regard to the picture itself, but he 
decided to hunt it up, just to please his 
friend and carry out his promise. Obtaining 
a catalogue of art exhibits he ran over the 
list rapidly. At sight of the familiar name 
of his friend he remembered that Forrester 
was also coming to the fair with his family, 
and would probably be there in a very few 
days. And he thought how disappointed his 
friend would be when he found that he had 
gone away. 

But he decided it would be better for 
Forrester if he wasn't there, for he was so 
tired with sight-seeing that he would only be 
a bore to him, and he could explain it all 
when they met at the sea-side. Soon he 
approached a part of the galler}' entirely 
deserted, save for a few stragglers here and 
there. Consulting his catalogue again and 
referring to the numbers of the pictures, he 
came at length to the object of his search. 
He first got a comfortable seat in good light, 
and then turned to study the picture. 

His first glance drew from him an excla- 
mation of surprise and admiration : " Whew ! 
Frank has fairly surpassed himself here." 
And then followed a long contemplative 
study of the picture before him. It portrayed 
a scene in early summer. A background of 
trees with freshly-tinted leaves, here and 

there relieved by a blossoming cherry-tree, 
and above all a perfect spring sky dotted 
with fleecy clouds, showed the artist a 
devoted lover and admirable imitator of 
nature. But in the foreground, and what 
claimed all the notice and admiration of the 
observer, was a slight girlish figure, half 
turned toward one, and reaching upward for 
a cluster of apple-blossoms. The head in 
perfectly natural pose, with its finely-propor- 
tioned features and dark lustrous eyes, would 
have furnished a fascinating study for any 
lover of the beautiful. 

Harwood, gazing delightedly at this rep- 
resentation of grace and beauty, forgot that 
he was tired and worn out with sight-seeing, 
and did not even think of the statement he 
had made only a little while previous, that 
he had seen all there was worth seeing at the 
fair. But instead, settling back comfortably 
in his chair, he gave himself up to dreamy 
fancies and musings of his absent friend. 

"What is there," he thought, "in that 
face that reminds me of Frank ? It can't be 
the nose — nor the chin — nor yet the mouth, 
because Frank is making an attempt at a 
moustache "; and he laughed softly to himself. 
"But — yes,, it must be the eyes, although 
there aren't many women blessed with such 
beautiful ones as dear old Frank possesses. 
I guess he must have taken those from a 
mirror. How strange it would seem if one met 
in real life the original of such a picture." 

" Well, I should like to see Frank before 
I go away, but I suppose I will have to wait 
till he is through with the fair, and gets 
back to New York. How he will enjoy 
looking through these galleries, and I should 
like to share the pleasure with him, if I 
weren't so tired of it all." 

Just at this point a rustling at one side 
attracted his attention and disturbed his 
thoughts. A trifle irritated at having his 
meditations interrupted he turned to look at 
the intruder. But even as he looked at the 



face of a young lady, attentively studying a 
portrait which had caught her fancy, he 
thought himself gazing on the picture before 
him. The resemblance at the first hurried 
glance was startling. Amazed, he turned 
to look at the picture again, and then back 
to the living face. The likeness was too real 
to be a mere fancied similarity of features or 
expression; it must be the very face his 
friend had sketched. 

As he noted how truly his friend had 
copied every detail of feature and appearance 
of the face before him, and was dimly specu- 
lating who she might be, he felt a hand upon 
his shoulder, and heard a familiar voice say- 
ing: "Harry, old man, how are you?" 

Turning, he grasped his friend's hand, 
and was about to ask him the question with 
which his mind was full, when, to his great 
surprise, he saw the young lady advancing 
toward them, and heard Forrester saying: 
" I believe you have not met my sister, 
Harry." After the introduction she asked : 
"How long do you remain in Chicago, Mr. 

"I have not yet decided," he answered, 
" a week or two at the least, and I hope that 
you and Frank will allow me the pleasure of 
accompanying you in your sight-seeing. 
Perhaps I might be of some aid as a guide." 

Alumni Association of New York 

TITHE annual meeting and banquet of the 
-*■ Bowdoin Alumni Association of New 
York City and vicinity was held at the Hoff- 
man House, Wednesday evening, January 
10, 1894. The following ofScers were elected 
for the ensuing year: 

President, Wm. A. Abbott; Vice-Presi- 
dents, Gen. J. L. Chamberlain, John Goode- 
now, Wm. J. Curtis, Dr. F. W. Ring, F. R. 
Upton ; Corresponding Secretary, Lincoln 
A. Rogers; Secretary' and Treasurer, Dr. F. 

H.Dillingham; Executive Committee, A. F. 
Libby, Charles L. Clarke, H. W. Grindal, 
Dr. W. O. Plimpton, George E. Moulton, P. 
P. Simmons, E. H. Cook, G. F. Harriman. 

Appropriate resolutions on the death of ♦ 
Judge Granville P. Hawes, '60, were drawn 
up. One of the most pleasing incidents of 
the evening was the receiving of a poem 
written for the occasion, entitled " An Imag- 
inary Visit to Old Bowdoin," from Isaac 
McLellan, class of '26, and the oldest living 
alumnus in New York. Mr. McLellan was a 
classmate of John S. C. Abbott and a per- 
sonal friend of Longfellow, Hawthorne, Cil- 
ley. Bridge, and Bradbury. After a most 
pleasant evening the banqueters finally and 
reluctantly adjourned. 

Among those present were President 
Hyde, Dr. G. F. Jackson, '50, Hon. J. H. 
Goodenow, '52, Thomas H. Hubbard and E. 
B. Merrill, '57, Wm. A. Abbott, '58, Geo. E. 
Moulton, 62, James McKeen, '64, Dr. F. W. 
Ring, '69, James A. Roberts, '70, Charles L. 
Clarke, Wm. J. Curtis, Geo. F. Harriman, 
and Parker P. Simmons, '75, Dr. Frederic 
H. Dillingham, '77, H. W. Grindal, '80, W. 
H. Hubbard, '90, H. E. Cutts and H. S. Chap- 
man, '91, and Roberts, '95. 

Wasliington Alumni iVIeeting. 

ypnURSDAY evening, January 11th, the 
■*■ Washington (D. C.) Association of Bow- 
doin Alumni held its annual meeting and 
dinner, and as usual it proved one of the 
notable occasions of the Washington winter. 
This association is not a large one, but as 
one speaker aptly said: "If old Bowdoin had 
no more to show for her hundred years of 
work than the little group of men around 
that table, she yet might well feel repaid for 
the time, the mone}% and the effort she has 

There were less than thirty sons of Bow- 
doin present, and of this number one was a 



Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, two 
Senators, one Representative, a major-gen- 
eral of the army in command of a depart- 
ment, two others who have the title of 
^ general, and a number of others who are 
equally successful in other lines of life that 
have not given them so much public promi- 
nence. There was present a member of the 
President's cabinet, who, though not a son 
of Bowdoin, ranks as one of her grandsons, 
as his father took his degree at the old 
Maine college under the whispering pines. 

The dinner was presided over by Chief 
Justice Fuller, the president of the Washing- 
ton Alumni Association. Prior to the ban- 
quet a brief business session was held, and 
officers elected for the ensuing year as fol- 
lows: Chief Justice Fuller, President; Sen- 
ator William P. Frye and Llewellyn Deane, 
Vice-Presidents ; Stephen D. Fessenden, 
Treasurer; Professor J. W. Chickering, Cor- 
responding Secretary; Mr. James C. Strout, 
Recording Secretary, and Executive Commit- 
tee, Gen. Ellis Spear, chairman; Mr. W. H. 
Owen, Mr. F. E. Dennett, J. N. Whitney, 
and H. L. Prince. 

Shortly after seven o'clock dinner was an- 
nounced and the guests left the parlor where 
they had gathered informally and entered 
one of the large dining-rooms, where the 
table was arranged in the shape of the letter 
T. Chief Justice Fuller occupied the seat of 
honor at the center of the head table. At 
his right sat President William DeW. Hyde. 
At his left was Secretary Hoke Smith, whose 
father, Mr. H. H. Smitli, had sent a letter of 
regret at his inability to be present at this 
celebration of his fellow-alumni. The others 
who were present were Dr. J. E. Rankin, 
President of Howard University, Senator 
Frye, Senator Washburn, ex-Speaker Thomas 
B. Reed, Maj.-Gen. O. O. Howard, S. I. Kim- 
ball, Amos Allen, Llewellyn Deane, F. E. 
Dennett, F. O. Fish, S. S. Gardner, C. S. 
Noyes, Col. William H. Owen, Benjamin W. 

Pond, Howard L. Prince, Woodbury Pulsi- 
fer. Rev. Frank Sewall, Gen. Fred D. Sewall, 
Gen. Ellis Spear, James C. Strout, L. D. M. 
Sweat, Chas. H. Verrill, Henry D. Whitcomb, 
J. N. Whitney, and Dr. D. P. Wolhaupter. 
Mr. Dean acted as toast-master, and read 
several letters of regret from absent mem- 
bers. Gen. Spear read an eloquent eulogy 
on Commodore Horatio Bridge, '25, a mem- 
ber of the association who has died within 
the j'ear. The leading after-dinner speakers 
were President Hyde, Secretary Smith, Gen. 
Howard, Senator Frye, Hon. T. B. Reed, 
Senator Washburn, Dr. Rankin, and ex-Con- 
gressman Sweat, all of whose efforts were 
well worthy the speakers and full of loving 
and eulogistic words for old Bowdoin. 

" E's a devil an' a ostrich an' a orphan child in one." 

NO MEN are perfect, therefore college men 
are not perfect. The deduction is simple, 
true, and (to some of us at least) pleasing, 
for is not a flavor of wickedness generally 
attractive? In some cases the flavor may 
become too strong, but the true golden mean 
is often found and in it we delight. Take 
any example of such a college man you 
may know of. You scoff at his learning, 
joke about his follies, scold him for his 
heedlessness, but you like him. You know 
his time is not all well spent, that he may be 
"A-wasting Christian kisses on a 'eathen idol's foot," 
but still you welcome his approach and 
secretly regret his departure. " He is differ- 
ent," you say, "I don't approve of him, 
but, somehow, I like to have him around." 
You read in the mormng newspaper 
of some new scrajDe. "Ridiculous!" you 
exclaim and then, when you see the repro- 
bate, proceed to laugh with Irim instead of 



giving him the good advice you had decided 

These same newspapers, you will notice, 
always present his worse side. They do 
not hesitate to call him hard names. But 
you pass lightly over his foibles. Say to 
yourself, if you will, that 

'"E's all 'ot sand and ginger when alive, 

An' 'e's generally shammin' when 'e's dead," 
And, again quoting Kipling, sorrowfully 
admit that 

" 'E's a injia-rubber idiot on the spree." 
But you always remember that his heart 
is in the right place, that his word is as good 
(or better) than his bond ; and that his code 
of ethics involves the concealment of his 
merits and the flaunting exhibition of his 

No one can blame you for liking him. 
There is a gleam of mystery about his stu- 
dent life and associates, a touch of reckless- 
ness in his talk, an odd combination of 
manliness and boyishism in his demeanor, 
which combine to interest you. He is 
brightness personified. He flippantly con- 
trives to tell you that he is head over ears 
in debt and the next moment asks you to 
acceptacostlygift, or, with equal nonchalence, 
requests a loan of ten dollars. He is start- 
ling; he is unique; but he is undeniabl}' 

And if the popular idea of a college as 
a place 

" Where there aren't no Ten Commandments, 
And a man can raise a thirst" 
does occasionally come into your head, get 
rid of it as soon as you can. It's wrong. 

A dramatic society has been organized at Brown 
called the Hammer and Tongs society. Members 
are elected only from students who have been in 
the university at least two years, although any stu- 
dent may take part in the productions of the society. 
The society expects to produce a play shortly. 
Positions on the cast will be given through com- 


[Read by James McKeen.Esq., at the New York Alumni Dinner.] 

No wooded slopes of Helicon allure 

The youth who tread the breezy pine-clad plain 

Of Brunswick. But the babbling brooks as pure 

As Grecian founts, where heavenly muses reign, 

Wend seaward. And the river plunges there 

And finds Nirvana in the absorbing tide. 

Echoing the greater thundering roar from where 

The rocky islands stem the billows wide, 

Islands as fair as those where Sappho sang. 

No mediseval minster with its towers. 

But heavenward-pointing granite spires, whence 

The college curfew in those days of ours 
When art was short and boyish hopes were strong. 
And merry voices chorused Bowdoin's ways. 

Down by the Sea. 

{An Old Story in New Words.) 
Down by the sea in summer-time, 
Where dash the rolling waves sublime, 
Alone there walked a maiden fair, 
With rosy cheeks and nut-brown hair. 

From out the city came, one day, 
A joyous youth, that self-same way, 
And walked, with happy heart and free. 
Upon the beach, beside the sea. 

Down by the sea in summer-time, 
Where dash the rolling waves sublime, 
Upon the cliffs, across the sand, 
A maid and youth walked hand in hand. 


I see her sitting in the morning sun 
That makes a halo of her golden hair, 
And lights with longing fires the eyes so fair. 

Grown dim with watching for the lingering one. 

The sails are gleaming on the shining sea, 
The roving waves are laughing at her feet, 
And far away she hears, so faint and sweet, 

The rowers singing in their morning glee. 

The sea-birds wheel and circle o'er the tide 

With swift and mighty wings their distant flight. 
And yet no message bring they from the height 

That folds the wanderer from his loved one's side. 



Her hands are weary and her heart is sad. 
She weaves in vain the fated web that seems 
A burial shroud to her, and longing dreams 

Of him whose face alone could make her glad. 

Far in the spring-time of the earth, apart 
She stands, cloud-wrapped in mythic mists, 

and yet 
Through all the years the world cannot forget 

The loving sorrows of one faithful heart. 

WE HAVE heard a good deal of late 
concerning the augmented finances of 
Bowdoin College, and it seems a fit time to 
propose that a small portion of these funds 
be set aside for the purpose of providing 
proper modes of heating for the various 
recitation rooms on the campus. During the 
winter term the chapel is never more than 
partially warmed, while the students who 
have recitations during the first hour or two 
of the morning frequently find gloves and 
ulsters necessary in the rooms in Memorial 
Hall. To men suffering from colds and the 
peculiar disease now termed winter cholera, 
such a state of things is something more 
serious than disagreeable, and the evil should 
be remedied at once. 


There are certain conditions under which 
mortal man seems justified in having thoughts 
not sweet concerning his rightful superiors. 
Such are those lately imposed on several 
members of the Junior history class, as a 
result of their last term's work. In the first 
place the conditions were a surprise, as they 
struck men who were supposed to be capable 
of doing meritorious work. It also appears 
from that latter fact, as well as from the 
method of "making up" allowed by the 
instructor, that the conditions were not given 
so much on account of really low rank as on 
the ground that the students marked were 

not doing their full amoitnt of work, and 
that it would be a great scheme to drop 
some hot shot among their parents and 
friends in the hope of thus forcing a reforma- 

At any rate the conditions went home, 
and the students got the benefit of them, 
aud are now spending hours of reverent con- 
templation of the ranking system that puts 
"conditioned" on a man's bill as a pleasant 
surprise to one's "governor," and a gentle 

spur to one's own mental powers. 
* * * * * 

While all of us are proud of the prospect 
of a new Science Building, we are watching 
with anxious eyes the progress of work, or 
rather the lack of it, on the structure. To 
be sure, cold weather and delays in receiving 
materials, have cost several weeks of idle- 
ness, but to the casual observer there have 
been many opportunities for work that might 
have been improved to the advantage of 
both contractors and college. It doesn't 
look well to complain of a gift, but the 
blame for the delays, if any exists, is, we 
surmise, to be laid at the door of the con- 
tractors, not the donors. 


The first fruits of the moral rights policy 
recently propounded by joint action of the 
jury and the faculty are beginning to appear. 
Not so very many hours ago I stood on the 
edge of a most interesting "scrap" between 
three Freshmen and one doughty Sopho- 
more. The scene was one of the ends, the 
weapon was Androscoggin, 1894, all of which 
was very well. The point to the whole affair 
was that the Sophomore was unarmed, and 
was getting ducked by the youthful Fresh- 
men in a manner that would have caused 
the braves of '91 to become petrified with 
amazement aud despair. Verily these are 
the days of reformation and higher civiliza- 
tion. Fortunate is the Freshman, who now 
has not only a just Providence but the jury 
on his side. 



Work ou the Science 
Building is being pushed for- 
ward as rapidly as possible, consid- 
eringthe unusualseverity of the winter. 
On many days it is impossible to work 
at all, but on all days when weather 
permitted, a crew of men have been kept steadily 
at work. 

Christie, '95, is teaching in St. Albans. 

A. Hersey, '92, was in town last week. 

Parclier, '92, called on friends here recently. 

Haskell, '95, is teaching in West Cumberland. 

McArthur, '93, was here the first of the term. 

The Junior assemblies have not yet materialized. 

Spillane, '90, was on the campus a short time 

Buckuam, '93, visited Brunswick and Bath last 

Fessenden and Ward, '96, are at their homes 
this term. 

Moore, '95, is teaching in a commercial school 
iu Ellsworth. 

The new course in Constitutional Law is proving 
quite popular. 

Hardy, M. I. T., '96, visited friends here several 
days last week. 

Russell, '97, is back after teaching a successful 
term in Friendship. 

Warren, '97, was called home recently by the 
death of a relative. 

The Sophomores are having lectures on Physics 
instead of studying a text-book. 

The present lovely moon and flue sleighing have 
been improved by many students. 

Barker, '93, was in town last Saturday. He will 
enter the Medical School in February. 

The Seniors are preparing papers on " The 
Cynics and Cyrenaics," for President Hyde. 

It is strange (?) how everybody tries to keep on 
the right side of the omnipotent Bugle editors. 

Strickland, '97, is compelled by ill-health to 
remain at home this term. He will be back in the 

Professor Johnson has given the Sophomores 
the alternative of reading Hugo's " Les Miserables" 
in place of the other outside reading iu French. 

Thursday will be observed as the day of prayer 
for colleges, and no recitations will be held on that 
day. Rev. Mr. Folsom, of Bath, will deliver the 
sermon in the chapel at 10 a.m. 

The Juniors elect Ivy-day and other class officers 
Wednesday, January 24th. A committee has re- 
ported several nominations for each offlce, and con- 
siderable interest has been manifested. 

The college quartette has been rehearsing lately 
for the winter campaign. On March 5thMt appears 
at Wiscasset, and it is negotiating for dates at 
Dover, Guilford, and several other places. Lord, 
'94, Peakes, '96, Willard, '96, and Dana, '94, compose 
the quartette. 

The '68 prize speakers were announced at the 
close of last term. Following are the six: Harry 
Edwin Andrews, Kennebuuk; Trelawney Claren- 
dale Chapman, Springfield, Mass. ; Fred Joseph 
Libby, Richmond; George Anthony Merrill, Pow- 
nal ; Frederick William Pickard, Portland, and 
Edgar Myrick Simpson, North Newcastle. 

Alumni reunions are claiming considerable atten- 
tion from President Hyde this month. Previous 
to this week he has attended the meetings of the 
old Bowdoin boys in New York and Washington, 
and this week he attends those in Boston and Port- 
land. Professor Chapman was also one of the 
speakers in Boston. 

One of the latest organizations of which Bow- 
doin boasts, is a Snow-Shoe Club. It had a most 
auspicious beginning, and the members expect 
much enjoyment ou their snow-shoes during the 
winter. The following officers have been elected : 
President, Sykes, '94 ; Leader, Stubbs, '95 ; Secre- 
tary and Treasurer, Pierce, '96; Whipper-in, War- 
ren, '96. 

Gymnasium work began this term, Monday, 
January I5th. The different classes have their 
class work as follows: Freshmen, 11.30 a.m.; 
Sophomores, 3 P.M. ; Juniors, 4 p.m. ; and Seniors, 
5 p.m. Under Captain Sykes the base -ball men 
are getting down to work that will tell. An unusu- 
ally large number, about 30, are taking base-ball 
training. Some have already begun work for next 
spring's field and track events. 



The President of Bowdoin College has set his 
face against hazing, and seems to have discovered 
an effectual remedy. With every Freshman's term 
bill there comes an agreement to abstain from haz- 
ing and a note to the Freshman's father stating that 
the son must sign the agreement or give up all 
hopes of matriculation. It is to the credit of the 
college to say that there has been no violent hazing 
for years, and President Hyde's efforts to eradicate 
it bid fair to be successful. — Kennebec Journal. 

A delay has been caused in the regular opening 
of the Art Building to the public by several impor- 
tant changes in the Sophia Walker gallery. Soon, 
though the exact date cannot be given, the building 
will be open several hours each day. Bates, '96, 
and Haines, '97, have been appointed attendants in 
charge, and one or the other will be there whenever 
it is open. In the near future a series of lectures 
on art and its history will be delivered in the 
lecture-room by Professor Johnson, giving an oppor- 
tunity that will be gladly seized by all who can 

From the Washington Star, which devoted over 
two columns to the recent meeting of the Bowdoin 
alumni in that city, the Orient clips the following 
extract from the report of the able after-dinner 
speech of President Hyde : 

Ten years ago the finances of the college 
were in a very unsatisfactory condition ; now they 
are entirely satisfactory. The buildings were put 
down then as worth $144,000 ; now they are 
worth $450,000. We have finer dormitories and 
an observatory, a building for sciences, labora- 
tories, and an art building that will compare 
favorably with the best. Buildings and money, 
however, are not everything. The course of study 
is the most important, and this has been materially 
improved. Instead of scattered courses we now 
have continuous courses, so that a man may pursue 
the same study consistently for two years. We have 
grown from 108 to 219 students. We will not try 
to become a university, the community from which 
we draw our students is too small, but we are satis- 
fled to remain a college, and are turning out some 
of the very best men who go to other universities 
to pursue advanced courses. We are not going in 
for co-education, not because we do not believe in 
the education of women, but because with three 
colleges in Maine for women, it remains the prov- 
ince of Bowdoin to educate young men. Three 
things a college must be able to do. First, it must 
give a severe and rigid discipline and drop out men 
so that the quality and not the quantity of the 
classes shall be maintained. At Bowdoin we are 
willing to drop a tenth of the class for this purpose. 
Second, it must give him a reason for his work and 
make him interested in what he is doing. This is 
the object of the elective system, a system which 

has been greatly misunderstood. Third, it must 
get a man to interest himself in the study for its 
own sake. These three things are what Bowdoin 
is standing for so successfully. Morally, the men of 
Bowdoin are of a superior class, and it would be 
hard to find a community more respectable and 
free from vices. Through the agency of the college 
jury, the men govern themselves better than the 
faculty could do. In eight years only four men 
have been severely disciplined by the college. All 
other cases have been dealt with by the jury. Mor- 
ally, socially, and intellectually, the college is in a 
most satisfactory condition, and is doing a good 
and creditable work. We have every reason to be 
thankful and hopeful that we shall continue to send 
out men equipped for any sphere of life. 

'22.— Charles E. Barrett, 
Esq., who was the only sur- 
viving member of his class and one 
of the very oldest living graduates of 
the college, died at his home in Portland on 
the evening of the 4th inst. His death was 
due to the troubles incident to old age. He had been 
failing for some weeks. He was born in Northfleld, 
Mass., January 6, 1804, and would therefore have 
been ninety years of age if he had lived two days 
longer. He entered Bowdoin, where his elder brother. 
Dr. John Barrett, had come the year before, at 
the age of 14, and was a classmate of Prof. Joseph 
Hale Abbott, Senator Bell of New Hampshire, Chief 
Justice Appleton of the Maine Supreme Court, Prof. 
Smyth, Prof. Storer of Harvard, and other men 
prominent in their communities. After graduation 
Mr. Barrett studied law with Woodbury Storer, and 
was admitted to the Cumberland bar in 1825. At 
the time of his death he was probably the oldest 
living member of this bar. He never practiced his 
profession extensively, preferring a life of business. 
One of the first positions of trust that Mr. Barrett 
held was that of treasurer of the Cumberland & 
Oxford Canal Company. In 1845 he was active in 
the movement which resulted in the building of the 
Atlantic & St. Lawrence railroad. He was one 
of the original corporators and was its treasurer 
when it was leased to the Grand Trunk. Mr. Bar- 
rett retained this position, under the name of 
accountant, up to 1888. In the monied institutions 



of Portland be has been prominent, serving for ten 
years as President of the Canal Bank. He was also 
President of tbe Bank of Portland. He had some 
connection with tbe Savings Institution. He had 
been President of tbe Portland Common Council, 
and served three years as alderman. In 1826 be 
married Eliza Mary Baker, daughter of Joseph 
Baker, a Portland merchant. They had five chil- 
dren, of whom three are now living in Portland : 
Franklin E., George P., and a daughter. 

'33.— Deborah, wife of Rev. John Pike, D. D., 
died at her home in Rowley, Mass., on the afternoon 
of December 30, 1893, at the age of nearly eighty 
years. She was the daughter of the late Colonel 
Adams of Newbury, Mass. 

'36.— At a meeting of the Maine Historical Soci- 
ety, in Portland, on December 7, 1893, George F. 
Emery, Esq., read a paper entitled "A Red-Letter 

'37._The death of Rev. John Orr Fiske, D.D., 
pastor of the Winter Street Congregational Church, a 
member of the board of trustees of the college, and 
for some years past its vice-president, occurred at 
the very close of the old year of 1893. Dr. Fiske's 
good work in his community and his wide influence 
throughout the state have been the result of a long 
and faithful ministry of more than half a century, 
during which he preached no less than 1,404 ser- 
mons and made 20,000 personal calls. A back- 
ground of extended and faithful service like this 
gives added weight to what he said not long before 
his death : " I have loved to preach, have loved the 
pastoral work, have loved the whole work of the 
ministry, and my only regret in reviewing my life 
is that I have not fulfilled the work of preaching 
the word of the everlasting gospel of our Lord and 
Saviour Jesus Christ more faithfully." Dr. Fiske 
was born in Bangor, July 13, 1819. After grad- 
uation he entered Bangor Theological Seminary, 
graduating in 1842. His ministry has been in Bath, 
Me. He took the degree A.M. in course from the 
college and received that of D.D. in 1868. He 
retired from active service ten years ago. His 
death was due to emphysema of thirty years 
standing, aggravated by an attack of grippe. 

'38.— The death of Edward Webb, Esq., one of 
the best known lawyers of St. Paul, Minn., occurred 
in that city on the afternoon of November 5, 1893. 
He was born in Newcastle, Maine, November l.'S, 
1814, and was therefore within two weekS of four- 
score years of age. After his graduation he went 
south and taught school for two years in Louisburg, 
Mason Co., Ken. He then moved to Washington, 

in the same state, teaching for some years and 
afterwards pursuing the study of law there, and 
tutoring in Greek, Latin, and French at the same 
time. Having been admitted to the bar he was 
obliged, for a time, to give up the idea of practicing 
on account of ill health. After a period of travel 
he spent some years in farming at Washington, Ky. 
In 1857 he went to St. Paul and opened a law office, 
being largely interested in real estate also. He was 
one of the oldest members of the St. Paul bar. 
Mr. Webb married while living in Washington, Ky., 
and a son and daughter survive him. 

'48. — Dr. Edward Watts Morton, of Kennebunk, 
died of meningitis, at his late residence in that town, 
on the evening of Wednesday, the 10th inst. He 
was born in Kennebunk, August 30, 1828, and fitted 
for college in the schools of that town. After grad- 
uation he studied medicine with Dr. Jefferds, of 
Kennebunkport, and in 18.56 graduated from the 
Hahnemann Medical School (Homeopathic) of Phila- 
delphia, and settled in his native place, in the prac- 
tice of his profession. In addition to an extensive 
practice, he filled many positions of trust and 
responsibility, being at same time selectman and 
member of superintending school committee, and 
at the time of his death was town treasurer, presi- 
dent of Ocean National Bank, and secretary and 
treasurer of Hope Cemetery Corporation. He was 
very prominently connected with the secret 
orders of the town. January 1, 1857, he married 
Olive, daughter of Capt. Ivory Lord, who died in 
August, 1884. Three children were born to them, 
of whom only one survives, Louisa D., wife of Dr. 
F. M. Ross. In May, 1886, he married Luella, 
daughter of Henry Jordan. She died a few days 
before her husband. They leave three sons to sur- 
vive them. A local paper says : "Dr. Morton's genial 
nature and frankness, his aversion to deceit and 
meanness, his unswerving fidelity in his friendships, 
and kind words for every man in whatsoever walk of 
life, made him beloved throughout his life, and his 
death will be deeply felt by the whole community." 

'50. — Gen. 0. 0. Howard will, on November 8th 
of this year, be sixty-four years of age, and, on that 
day, will go on the retired list of the United States 
Army. General Howard is perhaps the most famous 
survivor of the great Civil War, and his achievements 
reflect great glory on the state and college. May 
he live many years to enjoy the laurels he has so 
nobly and modestly won. 

'53. — Rev. William Carruthers has recently 
resigned the position of city missionary of New 
Bedford, Mass. 



'53. — Rev. E. C. Cummings read a paper on 
"The Mission at St. Sauveur," before the December 
meeting of the Maine Historical Society. 

'54._Colonel H. Clay Wood, U. S. A., now 
stationed at New Yorli City, has been promoted to 
full rank as colonel, a position he has held for some 
time past by brevet. He has also recently had 
conferred upon him the " medal of honor," for 
distinguished gallantry at the battle of Wilson's 
Creek. This medal is of bronze, in the form of a 
five-pointed star, and is the only military decoration 
conferred by the United States. It corresponds to 
the Victoria cross in England, the iron cross in 
Germany, the cross of the Legion of Honor in 
France, and the cross of St. George in Russia. It 
is made from cannon captured in battle. Colonel 
Wood is a native of Winthrop, and has been an 
officer in the army for thirty-seven years, having 
filled every grade from that of second lieutenant to 
his present rank. For many years he has been con- 
nected with the office of the adjutant-general, and 
is considered one of the most accomplished officers 
of that department. 

'58, Medical.— News has been received of the 
death of John O'Connell, M.D., which occurred on 
the 5th of December, 1893, at his home in Boston, 
Mass. Since graduation he has been settled in that 
city in the practice of his profession. 

'60.— Hon. A. W. Bradbury, of Portland, made 
an address at the dedication of the new high school 
building in that city. It was in this school that 
Mr. Bradbury fitted for college. 

'60. — Ex-Judge Granville Parker Hawes died 
suddenly on the morning of December 29, 1893, at 
his home on Forty-Sixth Street, in New York City, 
after a day's confinement to the house with a cold, 
from which developed intestinal troubles. Death 
was caused hy angina pectoris. Judge Hawes was 
born at Corinth, Me., July 4, 3838. After grad- 
uation, he studied law at Columbia, until the out- 
break of the civil war. He entered the 128th N. Y. 
Volunteers as 1st Lieutenant, serving also on the 
staff of Major-General William H. Emery, who 
commanded the Nineteenth Army Corps. After 
his return he was, for a time. Professor of Rhetoric 
and English Literature in the State College of Mary- 
land, but soon resumed the practice of his profes- 
sion in New York City. He was very successful, 
and in 1879 was nominated for Judge of the Marine 
Court. He was elected after an exciting contest, 
being the only Republican who achieved success on 
the entire city and county tickets. Judge Hawes 
wrote a great deal for periodicals and law journals, 

and was the author of a work on assignments. He 
was for many years a director of the Union League 
Club, and at one time its secretary. He was a 
founder of the A. K. E. club, a member of the New 
England Society, Loyal Legion, University Club, 
Lawyer's Club, and Bar Association. In 1870 he 
married Euphemia A. Vose, of New York, and she 
with two sons, survive him. 

'60. — Hon. T. B. Reed presented the minority 
report on the Wilson tariff bill in the House of Rep- 
resentatives, December 21, 1893. 

'60. — Judge Joseph W. Symonds made an address 
at the opening of the new high school building in 
Portland, January 15th. 

'62. — At the last monthly meeting of the Maine 
Historical Society, Rev. Henry O. Thayer read a 
paper entitled, "Some Further Notes Concerning 
Port Richmond." 

'64. — Hon. Charles F. Libby spoke at the high 
school dedication in Portland, January 15, 1894. 

'66. — Professor H. L. Chapman addressed the 
teachers' convention, held in Brunswick, December 
15, 1893. 

'68.— Hon. John S. Derby, of Alfred, Me., has 
received the appointment of consul to Halifax, N. S., 
under the Cleveland administration. 

'69. — Clarence Hale, Esq., made an address in 
Portland, on January 15th, before the Portland high 

'70. — Col. D. S. Alexander, late United States 
district attorney for Northern New York, was mar- 
ried, on December 30, 1893, at Buffalo, N. Y., to 
Mrs. Anne Bliss, a prominent society lady, and 
president of the board of managers of the Newsboys' 
Home in that city. Immediately after the ceremony 
the couple left for a wedding tour to Egypt. 

'71.— Rev. E. S. Staokpole, who has been doing 
evangelistic work since his return from a five years' 
absence in Italy, is conducting evangelistic services 
in Auburn. 

'72.— Marcellus Coggan, Esq., formerly editor 
of this paper, was a candidate, on an independent 
ticket, for Mayor of Maiden at the recent municipal 

'73.— Augustus F. Moulton, Esq., made a speech 
at the recent celebration >f Jackson's birthday, in 
City Hall, Portland. 

'73.— Professor F. C. Robinson addressed the 
teachers' convention, held in Brunswick, December 
15, 1893. • 

Ex-'74.— Rev. James R. Day, D.D., LL.D., of 
New York City, was unanimously elected Chancellor 
of Syracuse University on November 15th. 



76.— The Boston Journal has recently published 
a long account of Professor Arlo Bates's literary life. 

'89.— Rev. Charles F. Hersey has recently 
accepted the position of city missionary in New 
Bedford, Mass. 

'89.— Married, in Brunswick, December I2th, 
Dr. Prank Lynam, of Boston, and Miss Bertha 
Knowlton, of Brunswick. Dr. Lynam is to settle in 
Duluth, Minn. 

'90.— George B. Chandler, recently iu charge of 
the Nashville, Tenu., ofBce of Ginn & Co., has been 
transferred to Minneapolis, Minn., as Northwestern 
agent. Office address, 706 Boston Block. 

'91. — The sad news of the sudden death of 
George H. Packard, at Boston, January 10, 189-1, 
was a great shock to his many friends among the 
under-graduates and alumni. The cause of the 
death was appendicitis. An operation had been 
performed, but the case became complicated with 
peritonitis, and death ensued. Mr. Packard was 
about twenty-four years of age and the youngest 
son of the late E. F. Packard of Auburn, where he 
fitted for college. While in college he was promi- 
nent in athletics, was captain of the base-ball team, 
and one of the most popular men in college. 
He was a member of the Alpha Delta Phi fraternity. 
Since graduation he lived in Boston, having gone 
into partnership with the Raymond Grocery Store 
in that city. The funeral took place at Boston, on 
Friday, January 12th. 

'91.— Born at Exeter, September 24, 1893, to 
Mr. and Mrs. H. C. Jackson, a daughter (Ethel). 

'92. — F. G. Sweet has completed his second year 
as coach of the foot-ball team of the University of 
the South, Sewanee, Tenn., with great success. 

'92. — Charles S. Rich, of Andover Seminary, 
preached at the Second Parish Church in Portland, 
Sunday, January 7, 1894. 

'93.— A. M. Jones attended the teachers' conven- 
tion in Brunswick, December 15, 1893. He is teach- 
ing in Cornish, Maine. 

The new chemical laboratory at Amherst has 
just been completed. 

There are one hundred and sixty candidates for 
places on Harvard's track team. 

Thirty students were suspended from Cornell at 
the end of the fall term on account of failures. 

The smallest university in the world is in Africa, 
with five students and twelve instructors. 

There are graduates from forty-three colleges at 
the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. 


Hall of Alpha Delta Phi. 

Whereas, In his divine wisdom, an all-merciful 
God has seen fit to remove from our midst, our 
much-beloved brother, George Harris Packard, of 
the class of '91, whose manly virtues and generous 
zeal in the college and fraternity have left an 
abiding memory in the hearts of all ; 

Resolved, That, while humbly bowing to the 
decree of our Heavenly Father, we do recognize 
our great loss in the death of this brother; 

Resolved, That the sincere and heartfelt sympathy 
of the Fraternity be extended to the bereaved 
family, and that a copy of these resolutions be sent 
to the family of the deceased and iuserted in the 
BowDOiN Orient. 

Emeey H. Stkes, 

Joseph T. Shaw, 
George T. Oedwat, 

Committee for the Chapter. 

Hall of the Kappa, Psi Upsilon, 
January 12, 1894. 

Whereas, It has pleased our Almighty Father to 
remove from us our beloved and esteemed brother, 
Edward Watts Morton, M.D., of the class of '48; 
therefore, be it 

Resolved, That the Psi Upsilon Fraternity meets 
with a great loss iu being separated from one vfho 
was pre-eminent for his high character, integrity, 
and ability ; 

Resolved, That our most heartfelt sympathy be 
extended to the family of the deceased ; 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be 
sent to the bereaved family and be published in the 
BowDOiN Oeient. 

William M. Ingeaham, 

Allen L. Chuechill, 
Henet Hill Pieece, 

Committee for the Chapter. 

The Bowdoin Alumni Association of New York 
records with sorrow its testimonial of regret for the 
death of Hon. Granville P. Hawes and of respect 
for his memory. 

Judge Hawes was one of the founders who, in 
December, 1869, first met to organize the Association. 



He took a prominent part in framing its constitu- 
tion and by-laws, was its first secretary, was one of 
ttie orators on the occasion of its first annual reunion 
in New York, and has since held high ofiQce in the 
Association. His death has made the latest breach 
in its membership. As au educator, as a writer, 
as a soldier in the war for the preservation of the 
Union, as a lawyer, as a judge, as a citizen, active 
in advocating reforms, he has done the state good 
service. In many and varied stations he has shown 
marked ability, and has honored the college which 
this Association cherishes as Alma Mater. 

The Association tenders to his wife and family 
its expression of bereavement in his loss; its appre- 
ciation of his distinguished merit ; its sympathy 
for their affliction. 

P. H. Dillingham, Secretary/. 

New York, January 10, 1894. 

Only forty-five per cent, of Vassar graduates 
ever marry. 

As a result of the intercollegiate chess tourna- 
ment Columbia stands first, Harvard second, Yale 
third, and Princeton last. 

At the University of Wisconsin a rank of 85 per 
cent, in daily or term work exempts a student from 

We had a dream the other night 

When everything was still; 
AVe dreamt that each subscriher came 
Eight up and paid his bill.— £;c.. 

The Legislature of Wisconsin has appropriated 
$85,000 for athletic grounds and buildings for the 
State University. 

The classes in social Pathology at Leland Stan- 
ford University, spent some days in studying crimi- 
nal life in San Francisco. Among other places they 
visited the jails and house of correction. 

Michigan University has the largest number of 
living alumni in the United States. Yale ranks 

The government spends $30,000 a year to 
educate the two thousand pupils in the schools of 

The Amherst senate lately expelled ten students 
for raiding a restaurant oo their return from a foot- 
ball game. 

David Starr Jordan, of Stanford University, 
receives the largest salary paid to any college presi- 
dent in the United States. 

The students of Chicago University have formed 
a "Students' Express Co.," incorporated under the 
state law with a capital stock of $10,000. 

Two men have been expelled by the students of 
Vanderbilt University for cheating in examinations. 

"The Tufts Song Book" is to take the place of 
the regular annual published by the Junior class. 

Law of Love. 
No formal contract is required, 
No attestation is desired, 
No witty lawyer need be hired 
To plead in equity. 

If only love their hearts has stirred 
And each that love has felt or heard. 
They may without a single word 
Commit embracery. 

— University Chronicle. 

A yacht club has been organized at Harvard. 
The club is to take an annual cruise lasting from a 
week to ten days. 

Since co-education was adopted at Bates College, 
the number of ladies has so increased that they out- 
number the men in the Freshman class. 

The main building of the University of South 
Dakota was destroyed by fire recently, but for all 
that not a single recitation was missed.— Adelbert. 

The universities and colleges of this country 
have $8,635,385 worth of scientific apparatus and 
appliances ; their grounds and buildings are worth 
$64,259,344, and they have $74,070,415 in produc- 
tive funds. 

No college in all England publishes a college 
paper. This is another illustration of the superior 
energy of America. About 200 colleges publish 
periodical journals. 

The faculty of Cornell University has decided 
upon a series of radical changes. After this term 
there will be no more examinations held at the end 
of each term. The student's knowledge will be 
decided by the character of his daily recitations 
and by short examinations during the term. 



A new museum of fine arts at Harvard, to be 
known as the Fogg Museum, will shortly be erected. 
Its frontage and depth will be 115 feet. The build- 
ing will be of Indiana limestone, and only two 

stories high. 

[Suggested by the words of Mr. Herrou.] 
A vision came to one who loved mankind 
Of that true Justice, perfect and supreme, 
Perceived by poets in some swift, sweet dream; 
Unpictured, nor by metered bond confined. 

Not her who weighs a tortured soul, to find 
If right or customed virtue turn the beam. 
And sees not, love-like, what she may redeem, 

But stands with mocking scales, unmoved and blind. 

For Justice, rathej, has a thousand eyes. 
To see in man gleams of a light above; 
And has a heart which human needs control, 
Else Justice never truly judged the soul. 
A healing for the weary nations lies 
In perfect Justice, whom men know as Love. 

— Unit. 

A new literary magazine has been established 
at the Chicago University, entitled the Calumet. 
Three students have started it, and expect to draw 
contributions not only from the university, but from 
the men of letters in the whole West. 

In the future every Freshman at Yale will be 
requested to fill out circulars answering certain 
questions in regard to his athletic record and quali- 
fications. In this way the managers hope to draw 
out each year the class of undeveloped athletes. 
A Freshman's Lament. 
[With due apologies to Mr. Tennyson.] 

Flunk! Flunk! Flunk! 

To the foot of my class each day! 

I would that my tongue could utter 

The things that I wish to say. 

Alas! for the foolish prep, 
That he longs to the college to come! 
Oh! well for the Senior proud. 
That his A.B. is well-nigh won! 

And the stately prof's go on 

Their dreadful exams to make, 

But for a peep at the vanished books 

From which their questions they take! 

Flunk! Flunk! Flunk! 

To the foot of my class. Oh dear! 

The rules and forms of the books that are gone 

I can never recall, I fear. — Silver and Gold. 

Brown's track-athletic team went into training 
November 1 3th, with thirty men. Dartmouth, with 
sixty men, is also training. When will Bowdoiu's 
team begin to work ? 

Trials of a Business Manager. 
An undertaker's " ad " he sought, 

Alas, the fates forbade. 
For the undertaker, smiling, said 

He'd take it out in trade. 

— Trinity Tablet. 

The attendance at chapel at Columbia is volun- 
tary and is increasing steadily. 

The following is the question to be debated by 
rival literary societies at the University of Wiscon- 
sin : " Would the national ownership and opera- 
tion of the railroads in the United States be pref- 
erable to ownership and operation by private 
corporations? It being conceded, first, that the 
change can be made constitutionally and legally^ 
and at a cost not to exceed $6,000,000,000, which 
is assumed to be just and reasonable compensation ; 
second, that all government railroad officials and 
employes shall be appointed and promoted upon a 
basis of business eflScienoy only. (This concession 
to be construed as restricting neither the form nor 
the modes of appointment of the central adminis- 
tration authority.)" 


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Vol. XXIII. 


No. 13. 

b:owdoin orient. 




F. W. PiCKARD, '94, Managing Editor. 

F. J. LiBBY, '94, Assistant Managing Editor. 

B. L. Bryant, '95, Business Manager. 

H. E. Andrews, '94. A. G. Wiley, '95. 

B. M. Simpson, '94. J. C. Minot, '96. 

H. "W. Thayer, '95. H. H. Pierce, '96. 

J. E. Dunning. 

Per annum, in advance, 
Single Copies, 

. $2.00. 
15 Cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Manager. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Miinager. Com- 
munication sin regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribuie 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer'.s name, as well as the signature which 
be wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Rhyme and Ueason Department should be 
sent to Box 0, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should be sent to BoxUO, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at tlie Post-Office at Braoswick as Secoad-Class Mail Matter. 
Printed at thejournal Office, Lewiston, Maine. 


Vol. XXIII., No. 13.— February 7, 1894. 

Editorial Notes, 215 

A Wail From the West 216 

The Cripple Creek Trail, 218 

Debating 219 

An Hour's Experiment, . ■ 220 

Psi Upsilon Reception, 221 

Inter Nos: 

Primer Exercise in Social Science 222 

Rhyme and Reason: 

The Lament of a Junior Poet 222 

A Bowdoin Song 223 

The Pessioptimist, 223 

CoLLEGii Tabula 224 

Personal, 227 

In Memoriam, 228 

Book Reviews, 229 

College World, 229 


In mail}' respects last year's Athletic 
Exhibition was not a brilliant success. The 
absence of some of the best performers of pre- 
ceding years, and the disinclination to practice 
until the exhibition was close at hand, com- 
bined to make the event rather less attract- 
ive than usual. The financial result was 
worse, for the net receipts from the three 
performances were less than they have been 
for one. That we must have an Athletic 
Exhibition this year seems a foregone con- 
clusion, but the advisability of giving it out- 
side of Brunswick, on the present plan at 
least, is open to question. Our experience 
in Portland has been unsatisfactory. More- 
over, this year, the Portland Athletic Club 
are planning a similar entertainment which 
would alone be enough to wreck our pros- 
pects of financial success in Portland. Pos- 
sibly the Bath trip might be repeated with 
a fair chance of profit. 

The chief obstacle to making money out- 
side of Brunswick lies in the large sum nec- 
essary for railroad fare for the seventy-five 
men participating. Now we believe that 
nearly as attractive entertainment could be 
given by less than half the number of per- 
formers. If only the "prize" class squad 
were taken, the exhibition would be little 
marred and the expenses greatly reduced. 

Again, there is no reason why, if this is 



done, an entertainment should not pay in 
Lewiston or Augusta. Both places seldom 
see anything of the sort and both are within 
easy reach of Brunswick. One element 
which, in "tug-o'-war" days, served as a 
great attraction, was the annual contest with 
Bates, Colby or the Medical School. Any 
genuine competition is interesting and 
draws the crowd. If we should go to Lew- 
iston why not arrange a series of wrestling 
matches or sparring contests with Bates men, 
or let our prize squad compete with theirs? 
We believe that a series of exhibitions, 
under careful management and with proper 
regard to the features which please the pub- 
lie and draw the dollars, could be made a 
popular and financial success. 

TPHE Junior class is to be commended for 
^ its enterprise in attempting a series of 
assemblies after the discouraging results of 
the last few years. With energetic man- 
agers and hearty co-operation on the part of 
those who attend, we see no reason why a 
number of pleasant evenings should not be 

It may not be out of place to mention 
here that those among us who seem to pride 
themselves on their lack of acquaintance 
with Brunswick people and Brunswick so-^ 
ciety, would do well to read the "Wail from 
the West," in another column, and see if 
there is not a bit of a moral for them con- 
tained therein. The writer, if he were here 
to-day, would find that a considerable 
change had taken place since his graduation. 
As regards the relations of the students to 
one another, and their general bearing in 
public and private, a decided change for the 
better is evident. But in respect to social 
connection with the town, the opposite is 
true. Several causes have been suggested, 
all having, doubtless, some force, but the ex- 
planation does not justify the fact. 

The proposed assemblies may serve as a 
stepping-stone to other social events. If so, 
their value will be far more than doubled. 

A Wail From the West. 

TTTHE writer appears in the unwelcome r81e 
■^ of a growler. If you are thin-skinned, 
perhaps it were mutually advantageous that 
we part company at this point. If, how- 
ever, you persist, please to recall that you 
have been fairly warned. 

Bowdoin undergraduates have been so 
long accustomed to hearing sounded the 
praises of the old institution at commence- 
ment dinners and divers other like assem- 
blies, that there has gradually grown up a 
faith in her infallibility, almost religious. 
This is well. It is, in itself, an educational 
force — loyalty to associations and institu- 
tions. However, as one comes in contact 
with men and affairs in different parts of 
the country he discovers defects which, 
from the very nature of the case, could not 
have been apparent to him at the time of his 
undergraduate membership. 

The fault of which I propose to speak is 
one which must look for its correction to 
the student body. In speaking of it, I shall 
call a spade a spade. To be blunt, our un- 
dergraduates are ill-mannered; ill-mannered 
at the club tables, ill-mannered on the cam- 
pus, ill-mannered at the intercollegiate con- 
tests, and, in society, awkward and unsoph- 
isticated. This applied to my day, which 
was a by no means remote one, and, if the 
Puritan conservatism of the college has not 
lost its force, conditions cannot have mate- 
rially changed. The fact that this applies 
with equal directness to other colleges, does 
not exonerate Bowdoin. 

Society is willing to wink at certain col- 
lege extravagances, but it has a right to 
require students to be gentlemen. This 
social leniency leads the average undergrad- 



uate to arrogate to himself a certain superi- 
ority to conventionalities, and he feels licensed 
to commit barbarisms of manner that would 
not be tolerated by decent folk anywhere 
in the outside world. This is manifested in 
such puerile diversions as passing questionable 
jests, rallying visiting teams and shouting at 
strangers upon the campus. (I once saw two 
young ladies, sisters of a student, frightened 
from the grounds by an ill-mannered outcry 
from the room of a student). In society, 
those whose homes are in cities or large towns, 
should have acquired some ease and self- 
possession. This suffers during their stu- 
dent days. The country boy enters college 
unsophisticated, and so he passes out. Not 
infrequently the most boisterous, from some 
faculty for bright raillery or from some ab- 
surd mannerism of speech joined with better 
qualities, will become among the most pop- 
ular in his class. Thus it sometimes happens 
that a premium is put upon oddity or rough- 

This, apparently, works all right in col- 
lege. But let him get out in the world 
among mature gentlemen and fine-grained 
ladies, and he will find himself avoided for 
some reason which he may not comprehend. 
Rough country boys form a large percent- 
age of our successful men to be sure. But 
pray do not confuse post hoc with propter 
lioc. They are successful not because of 
their roughness, but because a rigorous rural 
training ingrains certain traits of character 
which make for manhood. Their lack of 
polish is a blemish, and society will so ac- 
count it. They are accepted not because of 
their awkwardness, but in spite of it. 

How to reform club and campus etiquette 
is not entirely self-evident. There is, how- 
ever, a method of cultivating ease of man- 
ner, which, while it ought not to require 
pointing out, needs, at least, to be empha- 
sized. It is calling at the homes of the 
members of the faculty. I know it is "harp- 

ing on a mouldered string " to recall your 
attention to this possibility. You have tried 
it. You felt ill-at-ease. You could think 
of nothing to say and wore a sickly smile. 
Like "Lemuel Barker," you said, "Well, I 
guess I'd better go," and were glad to get 
out. Granted. That is conclusive proof 
that you should make society a new elect- 
ive. You should keep at it until this is 

I am very sorry to learn that the hops 
at the Town Hall have fallen into decay. 
They are not the best social training; for a 
man may acquire a certain ball-room bra- 
vado and yet be a perfect stick in the draw- 
ing-room. Yet, they are good in their way. 
Perhaps the faculty and their wives should 
patronize and dignify them. Again, stu- 
dents should call upon the Brunswick girls. 
(Here permit me to offer a personal apology. 
During my management of the Orient I 
took a malicious delight in printing certain 
doggerel effusions designed to criticise Bruns- 
wick society. They were alleged to be 
funny, but bore internal evidence of being 
"not guilty." That action is prima facie 
proof that I lacked just that sense of per- 
sonal courtesy for which I am now pleading. 
I have seen a bit of our national character. 
East, South and West, since being gradu- 
ated, and I want to tell you that the purest, 
finest-grained, most sterling elements of 
American society are to be found in the 
Puritan villages of old New England, of 
which Brunswick is a type. It had then, 
and doubtless has now, some refined, cult- 
ured young ladies whom some of us untu- 
tored countrymen should esteem it a privi- 
lege to meet and an honor to have known.) 
Call on these ladies. Push yourself. "Keep 
a' hammerin'," as Gen. Grant did. 

I believe there is not a student so poor 
that he can afford to be without one tailor- 
made suit. A well-dressed man is confident 
and appears at a better advantage. At all 



events, there is no rhyme nor reason in liis 
going about the campus with coat collar 
turned up in summer, necktie askew, and 
shoes unpolished. It marks him as a " chump," 
and, in so far, the ynark is a true one. Society 
is a part of life. Those who sneer at it are 
the ones who cannot get into it. It is just 
as much a part of life as the ornamental por- 
tions of those new buildings which, we are all 
glad to learn, are going up, are a part of the 
architecture. If you teach, it will help you 
in the town where you are located. If you 
are a doctor, it will give you ease in your 
patients' homes, and bring you more of them 
to visit. If you are a lawj'er, it will bring 
you clients. The veriest boor has a vague 
respect for that indefinable something in a 
man's manner which stamps him as a gen- 

The student is in a formative state. So- 
cial polish cannot be acquired in after life. 
I do not expect any marked reform to follow 
these remarks. Since reading the last part 
of the preface to John Fiske's Civil Govern- 
ment, I have given that notion up. Reforms 
come by the " culminative efforts " of indi- 
viduals. If any one, except the proof-reader, 
the compositor, and the managing editor, 
have taken pains to read this through, I ani 
much obliged, and hope that he will take a 
hint before the world gives him a kick. 

The Cripple Creek Trail. 

TITHE Cripple Creek stage-coach stood be- 
^ side the depot at Boulder, Sam Denton, 
the grizzled old driver, had not yet left the 
bar of the Red Eagle Hotel, across the street, 
where he was taking his last drink before 
beginning the thirty-mile drive to the mines. 
Sam had distinguished passengers booked 
for this trip, and he accordingly treated him- 
self liberally to every variety of hot drink 
that the bar-tender of the Red Eagle could 

Two directors of the Shepherd Maid were 
going out for their annual examination of 
the mine. The pay-master had come to Boul- 
der for currency with which to pay the min- 
ers' monthly wages. He was a strong, wiry 
young man, nervously pacing the length of 
the bar and repeatedly refusing the drinks 
proposed by the directoi's. The party was 
completed by two miners, who were return- 
ing from an extended spree at Leadville. 

Pay-master Ben Lakin stopped in his un- 
easy walk and addressed Denton. "Sam, 
you must not fail us this time. If Black 
Charlie gets this money that I am taking 
out, you lose your job. Can you keep the 
horses in a run if he attempts to hold us 
up?" "T will do my best," answered Sam, 
"but who will drive if I am plugged hj 
Charlie's men?" "I will ride outside with 
you — there I can get a better shot at them, 
and will be by you to manage the horses if 

"Do you expect the highwaymen to way- 
lay us?" asked Mr. Tobin, one of the direct- 
ors. " It will be strange if they don't," re- 
plied Lakin, "you know how regularly they 
tax the Shepherd Maid. Last month as Jim 
Stone was bringing out the cash Charlie 
attacked them and Jim was shot." Mr. 
Tobin carefully examined a pair of derrin- 
gers. "Haven't you a gun?" asked Lakin, 
noticing the action. "No, but these will 
do." Lakin said nothing; but when they 
were starting he came out with an armful of 
Winchesters. Giving one to each of the 
directors and two to the miners, he climbed 
up beside Denton with the rest. 

From Boulder the trail winds over the 
mountains to Cripple Creek, which lies be- 
tween two ranges. For twenty miles it leads 
up Williams Canyon. Bitter Creek, a spark- 
ling mountain stream, tumbles over huge 
boulders, chattering as it hurries down to 
the valley. Devil's Slide stands at the head 
of the canyon. It is an immense rock trough 



worn out of the solid granite. Its lower end 
rests on the bed of Bitter Creek, and its 
upiDer, on the ledge over which the trail 
leads. Hanging Rock reaches down over 
the road, only leaving room for a single team 
to pass between it and the Slide. At this 
point Black Charlie usually attacked the 

When Sam took the reins at Boulder it 
was five o'clock. It was dusk when they 
passed the lower end of Devil's Slide. La- 
kin's plan was to rush past Hanging Rock 
at a gallop. Accordingly, when they came 
within one hundred yards of it, he gave the 
word to Sain, who touched one of the lead- 
ers with his whip. At pistol-shot distance 
from the Rock, Black Charlie's voice was 
heard. "Stop! Sam Denton, or you are a 
dead man." Sam's answer was a cruel cut 
at the near leader. The next moment Lakin 
felt a sharp sting in his side ; but he reached 
down and picked up the lines which Sam 
had dropped. Holding his rifle in his free 
hand he sent back a shot. A second volley 
from the highwaymen brought down one of 
the lead horses. Lakin felt that all was lost, 
for the fallen horse had become entangled 
with the wheelers. While Lakin returned 
the second volley, one of the miners left the 
coach and cut the dead horse loose, giving 
him a push that rolled him out of the way 
over the cliff. The next moment the miner 
fell. Lakin urged his horses on and they 
passed the Rock. But behind it waited a 
detachment of Charlie's band on horseback. 
Yelling at the horses, Lakin opened fire at 
them. The groan from in.side the coach that 
followed the shots from the bandits, told 
him that another of his company was hurt. 
The horsemen rode beside the coach and 
one of them had his Winchester against 
Lakiu's body when a shot from inside the 
coach brought the robber down. Another 
volley from the coach caused the robbers to 
fall back. Lakin forced his team into a run 
and soon reached Cripple Creek. 

On reckoning up their loss, Denton and 
the miner who left the coach were found to 
be dead. Lakin's wounds were serious, in 
fact, they nearly proved fatal. But he aftei'- 
ward had the satisfaction of knowing that 
the highwaymen had received so thorough a 
whipping, Black Charlie himself being killed, 
that they did not recover sufficientlj^ to still 
be the terror of the Cripple Creek stage trail. 


NOW February is here and we have en- 
tered upon the routine of the proverbially 
dullest term of the college year, let us think 
a bit about what we are going to do aside 
from our prescribed work. 

The last term has been a successful one 
in man}' ways, but in none more than in 
athletics. Foot-ball has been well supported 
and the team has attained a worthy record. 

With the present term there comes that 
work which is so interesting to some, the 
gymnasium work. Base-ball and class ath- 
letic squads have been formed and good work 
is being done. The Juniors will, we hope, give 
a series of assemblies which will help also to 
pass away the time, but cannot we give our 
time to something outside of athletics and 
social pleasures? 

While we applaud the victories of Yale 
on the athletic field, we cannot but admire 
the brainy men who defend Harvard in the 
debates between the two colleges. Bow- 
doin, in former days, was a strong opponent 
in debate. Is she now? If not, why not? 

Last year the Freshmen formed a Debat- 
ing Society and received benefit from it, but 
this year the spirit which actuated them 
then seems dead, and as yet no steps have 
been taken toward re-establishing the society. 
Several of the upper-classmen have spoken 
about getting up a College Debating Club, 
such as was here a dozen years ago, but no 
one has essayed to take the first step toward 
forming it. 



The athletic exhibition presents an op- 
portunity to each class of winning a prize 
for excellence in squad drill. Why should 
there not be a chance offered to the same 
classes of winning in college debate this 
term ? 

Why cannot each class form a Debating 
Society and elect its best three men to rep- 
resent it in the debates? After this is done, 
three dates having been fixed for the debates, 
the two upper classes should be pitted 
against each other, and the two lower classes 
in the same way; and then let the two win- 
ners meet. The judges could be chosen 
from the faculty. 

There are many of us who intend to 
study law ultimately, and this would afford 
us excellent practice. 

There is no doubt that all these debates 
would be well attended as they would be 
innovations and would serve to excite class 

If this plan does not seem to be the 
right one, think up another, and suggest it 
through the medium of the Orient. 

An Hour's Experiment. 
'"URE the actions of a man under theinflu- 
/ -^ ence of liquor governed by direct con- 
trol of will, by dictate of memory, as through 
habit, or are they the carrying out of mere 
vagaries as thoughts work in a dream?" 
asked Tom Harris. We were all sitting at 
luncheon at our club. No one answered at 
first, for Tom is one of those fellows who 
periodically comes out with some queer no- 
tion like the one he had just advanced, usually 
followed by a long discourse or lecture. We 
had got used to his ways and wanted to 
avoid the sequel to his question if possible, 
so we started to change the subject, but he 
interrupted us. "Now," he said, "you fel- 
lows very well know that you haven't got 
the least thing to do this afternoon which 

will be of benefit to your fellow-beings, and 
why not try to answer this question for the 
good of science? There are just three of us 
and we might each take the side of the ques- 
tion that he favors, and when we see a man 
in that afore-mentioned deplorable condi- 
tion we will all follow him and note his do- 
ings, to see on what pj^schological point his 
actions are based." We couldn't exactly 
see how science would be benefited, but we 
thought it might be a good way to pass our 
otherwise unemployed time, and so agreed 
to Tom's proposition. 

" Well," said Tom, " I think that a drunken 
man, if not dead drunk, has control of his 
will, although I admit his brain may be some- 
what clouded; but, yet, I assert that he does 
nothing without the action of his will. What 
do you fellows think about it?" Harry 
Danvers winked at me and said, "How ab- 
surd, Tom, of course he acts altogether 
through habit. Every one of his actions has 
been gone through by him at some previous 
time, and when he is under the influence of 
liquor he conducts himself in different cir- 
cumstances by the dictation of memory." 

As there was only one side of the ques- 
tion left unchampioned, I declared that a 
drunken man acted entirely as if in a dream. 
"That's well," and Tom smiled. "Now for 
the man": 

We posted Tom in the window to watch 
for a suitable subject and turned our atten- 
tion to finishing dinner. 

We had just lighted our cigars and set- 
tled back for a comfortable smoke when 
Tom called from the window, "Come on, you 
fellows, here we are." 

Rather reluctantly we donned our over- 
coats and followed him down stairs. As we 
emerged on the sidewalk Tom's "jag" was 
just abreast of the door. We all fell in be- 
hind him, note-books in hand, and watched 
for points. He seemed to be in a very happy 
mood, his head and elbows were raised, and 



a beam of impurturbable jo}'- lighted up his 
face, while he walked as though he was 
treading on air. I called the fellows' atten- 
tion to this and said that he had never, prob- 
ably, soared from earth at any previous time 
in his life, so memory couldn't be controlling 
his action, nor would he be likely to attempt 
to float in space with any shoes except- 
ing, perhaps. Mercury's ; therefore, I asserted 
that he was acting as if in a dream. They 
yielded to the weight of my argument and I 
put down one for vagaries. 

Soon we saw a baby carriage pushed 
by a nurse girl who was looking in every 
direction, save straight ahead, bearing right 
down upon our subject. We looked for a 
collision and I was just going to score a sec- 
ond time for the somnambulistic theory when 
" our jag " carefully engineered his way around 
the carriage, at the same time making a des- 
perate but futile attempt to take off his hat. 
Harry claimed one for force of habit at this 
manoeuvre. Tom's theory was beginning 
to appear utterly without foundation when 
suddenly, without warning, the victim of 
science stopped in the midst of his eccentric 
career, and, with many gestures, commenced 
to sing one of the latest street songs. Tom, 
observing that we could not very well expect 
a man to dream that or habitually to sing in 
just that manner, therefore claimed that it 
was through the action of will, clouded 
though it might be; and Ave reluctantly 
granted him his point. 

We were even then, and things began 
to be interesting. Our "study" who had 
heretofore been in blissful ignorance of the 
benefit he was to science, now became aware 
of our presence, so we fell back a little 
to give him undisturbed scope for action. 
In picking our way among the crowd he got 
out of our sight, but soon we came up to him 
standing in front of a tobacco store and 
evidently in conversation with the typical 
modern Indian. As we got within hearing 

distance we heard him say, "Shay, young 
feller, give's a shigar." Not receiving any 
answer, he repeated the demand. The con- 
tinued silence on the part of the dummy 
enraged him, and, without another word, he 
struck it in the face and started to run; but 
he hadn't proceeded more than ten feet be- 
fore he landed in the open ai-ms of a police- 
man, and, with a sigh, we started back for 
the club with that important question of 
science still unanswered. 

Psi Upsilon Reception. 

TITHE fifth annual reception of the Kappa 
^ Chapter o| Psi Upsilon was given in 
Memorial Hall on Friday evening, February 
2d. Mrs. Hyde, Mrs. Johnson, Mrs. Mitchell, 
Mrs. Robinson, Mrs. Lee, and Mrs. Little, 
who were the patronesses, received the 
guests on the left of the hall. Dancing be- 
gan about half-past nine. The following 
was the order: 

Waltz. Toreador. 

Schottische. Darkies' Pastime. 

Lancers. Robin Hood. 

Waltz. Espana. 

Polka. Gussie. 

Two Step. Boston Post. 

Waltz. Obespale. 


Waltz. Sweet Dream. 

Schottische. Picanuiniiies' Picnic. 

Two Step. High School Cadets. 

Waltz. 1492. 

Portland Fancy. Fine Old Times. 

Schottische. Hayseed Club. 

Waltz. Aiif Wiedersehn. 

Supper was served at intermission by 
Murray of Waterville. Among those pres- 
ent from out of town were: Mrs. Thomas 
W. Hyde, Mrs. Thompson, Miss Ethel Hyde, 
Miss Kate Mussenden, Miss Catharine Pat- 
ten, Mr. John Hyde, Mr. Edward Hyde, and 
Mr. Frederick Drake, of Bath; Mrs. Little- 
field, Miss Mary Fogler, and Miss Elizabeth 
Gay, of Rockland; Mrs. D. W. Thompson of 



Santa Barbara, Cal.; Mr. and Mrs. W. H. 
Anderson, Mrs. Folger, Mrs. W. W. Mans- 
field, Miss Mary Anderson, Miss Marguerita 
Davis, Miss Ethel Pierce, Miss Quita Folger, 
Miss Florence McMullan, Miss Belle Brown, 
Miss Elizabeth C. Allen, Miss Julia Noyes 
and Mr. Benj. Webster, Jr., of Portland; Mr. 

E. B. Young, Mr. G. B. Sears, and Mr. E. 
B. Burpee, of Boston ; Mr. George Downes 
of Calais. The committee of arrangements 
was : H. E. Andrews, '94; F. W. Blair, '95; 

F. B. Smith, '96, and H. S. Warren, '97. 

Primer Exercise in Social Science. 

( With Apologies to Bill Nye and H. Spencer.) 

Question. Ah! What have we here? 

Answer. A woman. 

Q. Is it, that is, is she a young woman? 

A. Yes, that is, she is not old. 

Q. What is her age ? 

A. Well, that's not certain ; j'ou see she 
is not exactly certain herself. Once she 
came near forming an engagement to marry, 
and was then in the Stone Age. 

Q. How perfectly rock}'! Is she in 

A. Not precisely. But she belongs to 
the Pythian Sisterhood, and has lately bought 
an entrance to a Retreat for Antiquated 

Q. Then she is not married? 
Not extensively. 
Then she has no children of course; 








No, but she has a Sunday-school 

What is her favorite Golden Text? 
"All men are liars." 
Does she believe that? 
At times, yes. 

Q. Then her experience with men must 
be wide? 

A. Yes. About four years wide by 
thirty-five long. 

Q. Has she never had a suitor? 

A. Dozens! But they didn't suitor. 

Q. Why not? 

A. Well, she says (this on the q. t. you 
know), she says that beer and bills (unpaid) 
took the place of brains and bravery to too 
great an extent. Besides, she says, none of 
them had a reach of more than 30 inches, 
while she could never get below 32 without 
getting a red nose. 

Q. Is she named? 

A. She is. 

Q. What is she named? 

A. She is named College Widow. 

I^hyme ai^d I^ea^orp. 

The Lament of a Junior Poet. 

I have gift for making verse, 

Both sacred and profane, 
And never hesitate to malse it known ; 

But now this very genius 

Gives me reason to complain, 
I thinl£ that it can readily be shown. 

When first I mounted Pegasus 
('Twas in my Freshman year), 
Of matter for my muse I had no lack ; 
But; lo, into my poet's soul 
There comes a dreadful fear, 
For now good poet lore is very slack. 

I've sung the "Pines," "The Chapel 
" The Memories of the Past," 
And "Falling Leaves" have washed my 
sleeping lyre, 
And worthy "Old Alumni Dear" 
Have held me hard and fast 
While in their praise awoke my smoul- 
dering fire. 



But now I sit in black despair, 

My pen is still and cold; 
I can't evolve a solitary thing. 

If a poet isn't furnished 

With a subject for his mould 
You really can't expect that he can sing. 

A Bowdoin Song. 

{Air: Marching Through Georgia.) 

Here's a song to Bowdoin, boys, 

For Bowdoin boys to sing, 

Until the loved old halls and groves 

Shall back their echoes fling; 

Sing it so the Past shall hear 

And all the Future ring; 

For Bowdoin's marching on in glory. 


Hurrah, hurrah, she's the apple of our eye; 

Hurrah, hurrah, her fame shall never die; 

She has the speed to keep the lead, and 

outstrip those who vie, 
For Bowdoin's marching on in glory. 

A hundred years ago or more, 

On the pine tree forest green. 

They founded here our college, boys. 

The fairest to be seen, 

And named as her first president 

That noble man McKeen; 

And Bowdoin began to march in glory. 

In every land and clime, my boys, 

You'll find a Bowdoin son ; 

And on the scrolls of fame you'll read 

The mighty deeds they've done, 

Which have for our loved college, boys. 

Immortal honor won ; 

For Bowdoin's marching on in glory. 

And all the world admits, my boys. 

We are in the lead to-day. 

In all that makes a college great. 

And in intellectual fray; 

And as for sports, why, 'tis well known 

That we have our own way ; 

For Bowdoin's marching on in glory. 

President Andrews of Brown University, Provi- 
dence, R. I., has refused the position of Chancellor 
of Chicago University and the head professorship 
of the Department of Philosophy at a salary of 
$10,000 a year, with six months' leave of absence. 

TITHE very latest phase in the construction 
■^ of the two magnificent buildings that 
will adorn the westerly side of the campus, 
is the complaint by certain good people of 
Brunswick that their hitherto unobstructed 
view of the green field and the little boys 
at play, is spoiled, and the Pessioptimist 
hereby calls the attention of the trustees to 
this most vital point. What a selfish, un- 
christian idea was that, to place a great 
yellow building right in the way of the fas- 
cinated gaze of honest citizens outside the 
college fence ! What more insulting than 
the situation of the ugly Art Building, with 
its most uninteresting back turned town- 
ward ! It's like a rear view of a Boston belle 
in evening dress. Touching complaints, 
these, and worthy of attention. Too much 
moved are we to reply more than this: Look 
on page 189^ in the Hon. Buck McGooley's 
"History of U. S.," where you will read how 
a man named Fulton once built a steamboat, 
and how the people wouldn't let him run it 
on their Hudson river, because it would 
scare all the fish away, to say nothing of the 
poor defenceless cattle on the banks. Oh, 
progress, what havoc is caused by thy ruth- 
less advancifications ! 


All well-regulated municipalities now 
have well-enforced ordinances for the pro- 
vision of fire-escapes on all buildings of any 
considerable size within their limits. Great 
hotels never provide a room without placing 
therein the hook and long cord so familiar 
to metropolitan visitors, and those in charge 
of other structures where large numbers of 
people lodge, are exceedingly careful to fur- 
nish these simple but effective means of 
escape from the flames. Bowdoin is a long 
way behind in this matter, and steps ought 
to be taken immediately to place in every 



room in the dormitories, above the first floor, 
rope of sufficient length to reach the ground, 
and of size to render descent a matter of 
little difficulty. This seems like an attempt 
to scare up a bugaboo, but we never miss 
the water till the pipe bursts, and the Pessi- 
optimist doesn't want to have to say "I told 
you so," by the side of a pile of ashes. Pro- 
vide fire-escapes ! Buildings are high, stairs 
are narrow and dry as tinder. Give us fire- 
escapes ! 

The Pessioptimist learns from indisputa- 
ble authority that his remarks in the last 
issue of the Orient, relating to the con- 
ditions lately imposed on eight members of 
the Junior history division, contradicted the 
facts in the case, and gave an unjust impres- 
sion of the instructor and the marking. In 
so far, therefore, as it was implied that the 
conditions were hardly fair, the Pessioptimist 
is glad to acknowledge his mistake, and to 
hasten to correct what he believes to be a 
general opinion concerning them. There is 
no doubt that the conditions were given 
according to the rank on the book, and eight 
men received them because eight men did 
not attain to the rank of five. Of this we 
may be sure, however unpleasant it may be 
to the eight thus mentioned. But this fact 
has nothing whatever to do with our previous 
remarks on the system under which such 
rank was given, and the Pessioptimist holds 
to his opinion, and believes that he expresses 
the sentiment of not a few, when he says 
that the ranking system that will allow eight 
conditions like those noted is inadequate 
and incapable, when used conscientiously, 
of ascertaining the real standard of the stu- 
dent in the course. There is not the slight- 
est doubt that the conditions were imposed 
with strict impartiality; there is serious 
doubt of the wisdom and future popularity 
of the ranking system that allows such 
unprecedented marking to be given. 

By the way, how about that minstrel 
show? Shall Bowdoin have one next spring? 
These affairs used to be a great feature of 
the college year, and were successful, both 
financially and from the standpoint of mere 
amusement. There are good voices and plenty 
of funny men in college this year, and the 
right man in the manager's office and hearty 
co-operation on the part of a couple of dozen 
students would give us a show that would 
do credit to a Primrose or a Dockstader. 

The mysterious rites of 
matriculation were performed 
upon the Freshmen by President Hyde 
last Thursday. Quite a number of 
upper - classmen also improved the 
opportunity to sign the big book, and 
become in reality members of the college. Not a 
few, however, are still unmatriculated. 

The term of the Medical School opens Feb. 8th. 
Eastman, '96, has been out sick for over a week. 
Rhodes, '97, has been at home some time, sick. 
W. W. Thomas, '94, has been quite ill in Port- 

President Hyde addressed the Y. M. C. A., Sun- 
day afternoon. 

Robinson, '96, was obliged, by illness, to go 
home last week. 

Baker, '96, is back with his class after teaching 
a snccessful term. 

A French conversation club is in an embryotic 
state of organization. 

Croswell, '91, now principal of Wilton Academy, 
was here a few days ago. 

Some talk of a Sophomore banquet this term is 
heard among the '96 boys. 

The illness of Prof Hutchins has given the 
Physics class several adjourns. 

The * T national convention will be held here 
with Kappa chapter next spring. 



Leigbton, '96, has been out a week sick. 

Clark, '84, called on friends in college last week. 

Merrill, '87, was on the campus a short time ago. 

The '68 prize speaking comes April 5th this 

Ke}'es, '96, was obliged, by a severe cold, to go 
home last week. 

Several students are said to be active members 
of Bath card parties, this winter. 

P. E. Barbour, of Bath, who was here as a spe- 
cial last fall, is not back this term. 

The college quartette went to Bowdoinham Jan- 
uary 28th to sing at a funeral there. 

Heald, '97, has dropped out of his class and will 
enter the Medical School this term. 

Whist is having quite a boom among those who 
are able to find spare moments for it. 

Kuight, '96, is to be made a member of Alpha 
Delta Phi at a special initiation this week. 

Swan, '96, who has been teaching in Windham, 
has been very sick, but is reported better now. 

The absence of Dr. Whittier gave the students 
a three days' cut in regular "gym" work recently. 

Newcastle and Wiscasset are among the places 
to be visited by the college quartette during March. 

The Snow-Shoe Club had its first run as a club 
January 31st. Eleven members enjoyed a trip of 
about six miles. 

The Junior German Division is reading Schiller's 
"Wilhelm Tell," with a modern novel, "Brigitta," 
for sight reading. 

It is not a thing of safety or pleasure to travel 
the present campus paths after dark, or, for that 
matter, in daylight. 

The Freshmen are agitating the question of 
class and banquet officers, and the air is charged 
with political electricity. 

Russell, '97, has closed his term of school in 
Friendship, and is now finishing out a term for a 
friend who had to give up his school. 

The Sophomores have elected Bates, athletic 
captain, and will keep their field and track athletes 
steadily at work during the winter. 

The introductory lecture at the opening of the 
Medical School will be delivered February 8th, at 
3 P.M., by Professor John F. Thompson, M.D. 

The mathematical experts are already reckon- 
ing up what proportion of winter is gone, and how 

long it is before Bowdoin's campus will don its 
spring apparel — mud. 

This week President Whitman makes a tour of 
the Washington and Aroostook County schools, 
looking after material for the class of '9S.—CoWif 
Cor. of Lewiston Journal. 

Thursday, January 2.5th, was observed as the day 
of prayer for colleges. Rev. Mr. Folsora, of Bath, 
preached an able sermon in the chapel at 10.30 a.m. 
There was a good attendance. 

The Sophomore French Division is reading " La 
Mare an Diable" and " La Petite Fadette," both by 
George Sand, for outside reading. Sight reading 
in a modern French play is tried once a week. 

The roof of the Science Building is now all on. 
The completion of the central tower over the main 
entrance, which will contain the clock, will leave 
but little more to be done to the exterior of the 
immense structure. 

At a meeting of the Athletic Association, Satur- 
day, G. L. Kimball, '95, was elected captain of the 
field and track-athletic team. Lyford, '96, and 
McMillan, '97, were appointed to fill vacancies 
among the directors of the navy. 

Perhaps some do not recall that the new name 
of Radcliffe College, now applied to Harvard An- 
nex, is the one by which Bowdoin has been known 
by thousands of readers. It was applied to Bowdoin 
by Elijah Kellogg in his popular stories. 

Hicks, '95, and Coggan, '97, now preside over 
the destinies of the College store. The Oeient 
wishes the new firm success. It is understood the 
former proprietors are sure of a good income the 
rest of their lives— if they can collect their bills. 

The first Junior assembly is announced for next 
Wednesday night, February 14th. Apply to any of 
the following for tickets or information: Quimby, 
Mitchell, Hicks, Roberts, or Stetson. It is unde- 
cided whether it will be held in the court room or 
in the town hall. 

The prospect of a College Glee Club is not so 
bright as it might be, and class glee clubs seem to 
be coming into style. The Juniors and Sophomores 
have made good steps toward such organizations 
and have been doing some active rehearsing. Both 
classes contain some fine musical material. 

Those who are informed on such matters say 
that the class of '98 promises to be by far the largest 
in the history of Bowdoin. Unusually large num- 
bers are coming from the various fitting schools. 



cities, aud towns, from which the supply is com- 
monly drawn, and many from unaccustomed sources. 
Quite a number are known to be coming from out 
of the state. 

The subjects of the first themes of the term 
were as follows : Juniors — The Income Tax Bill, 
The Problem of tlie Unemployed, and Has the 
Novel or the Drama exerted the more influence 
upon English Literature? Sophomores— Should the 
United States Ee-instate the Hawaiian Queen? Uni- 
versity Extension, aud The Moral Significance of 
" Elsie Venner." 

The second themes of the term are due Feb. 9th, 
aud the following subjects are given out : Juniors — 
Ancient and Modern Methods of Physical Culture. 
Does Labor-Saving Machinery Drive Labor Out of 
Employment? and Compare Talraage and Brooks 
as Preachers. Sophomores — Is Profit-Sharing a So- 
hition of the Labor Problem? The Evils of Prize 
Fighting, and Scott's •" Kenilworth." 

At a recent mass-meeting of the college the fol- 
lowing oflicers of the Athletic Association were 
elected: President, T. V. Doherty, '95; Vice-Pres- 
ident, H. 0. Clough, '96; Secretary and Treasurer, 
G. B. Mayo, '95; First Director, J. W. Crawford, 
'95; Second Director, F. B. Smith, '9(i ; Third 
Director, Robert Newbegin, '96; Fourth Director, 
J. G. Haines, '97; Fifth Director, F. A. Thompson, 

Since the last issue of the Oeient, the Alumni 
Associations of Boston and Portland have held their 
annual meetings and discussed the condition of the 
college aud the viands set before them. Owing to 
lack of space wo can give no detailed account of 
the meetings. Suffice it to say that there was a 
good attendance at both gatherings and the usual 
interest and enthusiasm was manifest. The Boston 
Association Includes over 200 alumni. 

Bovedoin was well represented at the big Bath 
fire of Sunday morning, January 28th. The alarm 
came just before church time, and it is said many 
absences from divine service that day will be ex- 
cused with the words, "Out of town !" Some secured 
transportation to the Shipping City on the special 
trains on the ground they were special firemen, and 
many went in teams. All reported an exciting 
time aud many adventures. There was a report 
at one time that a Bowdoin Senior had a narrow 
escape from the burning hotel, leaving behind part 
of his worldly possessions. 

The class of '95 has elected the following officers 

to serve during Junior year: President, J. B. 
Roberts, Buffalo, N. Y.; Vice-President, S. R. Sav- 
age, Augusta; Secretary and Treasurer, W. P. 
Haskell, Westbrook; Marshal, J. S. French, Nor- 
way; Chaplain, E. R. Woodbury, Castine; Orator, 
G. B. Mayo, Smethport, Penn.; Poet, A. L. Chur- 
chill, Houlton ; Odist, J. T. Shaw, Gorham ; Cura- 
tor, H. B. Russ, Freeport; Committee of Arrange- 
ments, W. S. A. Kimball, Portland, L. F. Soule, 
Phillips, and A. Mitchell, Jr., Brunswick. 

A highly interesting miscellaneous entertain- 
ment was furnished for the crowd before the regular 
business of the athletic meeting, Saturday. An 
orator (?) of doubtful intelligence, but of undoubted 
Democratic tendencies, whom somebody had induced 
to come in from the street, delivered a long and 
ringing address on the glories of a "Democratic 
Democracy"; denounced the " hypocripism " of 
Republicanism ; said the high tariff laws of Maine 
were responsible for the hard times, and made a 
plea for free rum. The closing part of his pro- 
gramme was of a terpsichorean and musical nature. 

The popular opinion in college seems to be that 
Bowdoin was near the centre of greatest activity in 
the recent terrible blizzard. The college was liter- 
ally snowed under. No attempt was made to keep 
paths open, and the drifts were full of struggling 
students. Members of the Snow-Shoe Club were 
greatly envied mortals, and more than one of the 
faculty came to recitations on snow-shoes. The 
terminus ladies did not dare to face the elements, 
aud the students took compulsory lessons in cham- 
ber work. Meals were cut by many who generally 
devote their attention in this line to chapel and 
recitations. All recitations were as usual except 
that the Freshmen dared not risk their delicate 
constitutions in the afternoon storm, so cut Greek, 
and the Seniors secured an adjourn in English 

The students of French at Stanford have organ- 
ized to give a French comedy. 

Ex-President Harrison will go to the Stanford 
University early in March. Instead of lecturing 
upon international law, as was primarily intended, 
he will devote the entire course to an original dis- 
course upon constitutional law, based upon the 
development of the constitutions of the original 
thirteen colonies. The time and manner of deliv- 
ering the course of lectures has not been definitely 



'47. — Rev. C. H. 
Wheeler, D.D., the founder 
and first president of Euphrates Col- 
lege, located at Harpoot, Turkey, has 
recently resigned, owing to age and poor 
health. The college has a corps of five 
American and twenty-six native professors and 
teachers. There are about 600 students in attend- 
ance in all departments. The last graduating class 
in the academical department numbered seventeen. 

'50. — At the ninth annual dinner of the Psi 
Upsilon Association of Washington and vicinity, in 
that city on January 8th, Senator William P. Prye 
was re-elected president of the association for the 
ensuing year. The following Bowdoin men were 
at the dinner: Llewellyn Deane, '49; Hon. Wm. P. 
Frye, '50; Rev. Wm. S. Southgate, '51; Col. J. H. 
Gilman, '54; Hon. S. I. Kimball, '55; H. L. Piper, 
'63; A. D. Willard, '63; Hon. J. B. Cotton, '65, and 
R. L. Packard, '68. 

'51. — At a meeting of the directors of the Port- 
land & Ogdensburg Railway in Portland, on Jan- 
uary 29th, an appropriate set of resolutions was 
adopted concerning the death of the late Philip 
Henry Brown, Esq., of that city, a member of the 
board of directors. 

'60. — Gen. John Marshall Brown was present at 
the meeting of the Episcopal Club in Boston on 
January 24th. 

'60.— Judge Joseph W. Symonds is one of the 
ablest and hardest working lawyers in New Eng- 
land, yet is always wiUing to give freely of his time 
and ability to matters outside his profession. He 
recently delivered a lecture before the Portland 
Law Students' Club upon " The Police Powers of 
the States." On January 30th he addressed the 
Rhode Island Historical Society upon "The Silent 
Changes of Laws and Institutions." On the even- 
ing of January 20th, he gave a reception to Judge 
W. P. Whitehouse, of Augusta, and his wife, at 
his residence on Pine Street in Portland. 

'62.— At the last meeting of the Massachusetts 
State Board of Education, Prank Alpine Hill, prin- 
cipal of the Boston Mechanic Arts High School, 
was elected to succeed J. W. Dickinson, secretary 

of the board, who recently resigned. Mr. Hill 
was born at Biddeford, Me., iUj' 184L After 
graduation from Bowdoin College he became 
principal of the Biddeford High School. This pcsi- 
tion he held for two years, when he took a similar 
position at Milford, Mass., whore he served for five 
years. He was then called to the head of the Chel- 
sea High School. Here he remained for some years 
till induced to accept the principalship of the Cam- 
bridge English High School, from which he went to 
the Boston Mechanic Arts High School. He 
studied law with Hon. John M. Goodwin in his 
early years at Biddeford, but never engaged in 
the practice of law. He has been an occasional 
contributor to the public press and has been heard 
as a lecturer on scientific subjects. 

'64. — Dr. Charles Jewett, for many years lecturer 
in the Long Island Medical School, and practicing 
physician in Brooklyn, N. Y., is in the first rank of 
specialists in obstetrics. 

'66.— Dr.E. H. Cook, of Flushing, Long Ish^nd, 
is sick with the grippe, at the home of his sister, Mrs. 
0. G. Douglass, of Wood Street, Lewiston. He 
came east to make a visit and was taken sick. 

'67. — At a recent meeting of the Maine Press 
Association at Portland, Hon. Henry S. Webster, of 
Gardiner, read the poem of the occasion, in which 
occurred the following lines: 

Land that art set like a gem in the sea, 

Hawaii ! 
What is tlie voice coming hither from thee, 

Hawaii ! 
Down with the tyrant! I hear the bold cry, 
Cleaving the cloud-drifts that darken thy sky. 
Faint not, despair not, for succor is nigh; 
Hold to thy purpose and thou shaft be free, v 


Here dwell my people, the mighty, the brave, 

Theirs is the power to help and to save, 

They too have felt the oppressor's fell blight, 
They too have groped to the day from the night. 
See how they stand in their manhood and might, 
Strong with the gifts which thine agonies crave, 

Hawaii ! 

Think not their ears will be deaf to thy cry, 

Fear not they'll leave thee to weep and die, 

Cowards may falter and cravens may fail. 
Truth is immortal and right will prevail, 
Light out of darkness and blessing from bale 
Surely shall spring as the ages go by, 

Hawaii ! 



Kingdoms must orumWe and despots must fall, 

Monarchs must drink o£ the wormwood and gall, 

Hawaii ! 
Man shall not languish in terror and tine, 
For by a right and a sanction divine 
I shall hear rule o'er the palm and the pine. 
Freedom be known as the birthright of all. 

'68.— Hou. Orville D. Baker, of Augusta, has 
formally announced to his friends his decision to be 
a candidate for the Republican nomination for mem- 
ber of Congress from his district. 

'69.— Hou. John S. Derby is U. S. consul at St. 
John, N. B., not Halifax, as stated in our hist issue. 

'72 — Hon. George M. Seiders, of Portland, ably 
conducted the defense in the recent Prawda mur- 
der trial in that city. 

'74. — W. M. Paysou, Esq., has been nominated a 
Justice of the Peace and Quorum by Gof. Cleaves. 

'77. — The Orient has to announce the very sad 
news of the death of Helen Ganson, vfife of Dr. F. 
H. Dillingham, which occurred at 636 Lexington 
Avenue, New York City, on January 20th. It was 
but very recently that we announced Dr. Dilling- 
ham's marriage, which took place on Nov. 15, 1893. 
The cause of Mrs. Dillingham's death was grippe. 

'78. — H. C. Baxter, of Portland, has perfected a 
corn canning machine which was tested at his 
Westminster, Vt., factory last season and proved so 
successful as to warrant bis exhibition of it at the 
annual session of the Corn Canners' Association, to 
be hold at St. Louis, February 24th. By its use 
three cans can be packed at once. 

'84. — Dr. P. S. Lindsey and family have, re- 
moved from Norridgewock, Me., to Santa Monica, 
Cal., where they will reside for the present. 

'87.— Edward B. Burpee, of Boston, is one of the 
ablest among the younger members of the Massa- 
chusetts bar. He has been writing extensively for 
the stage recently. 

'87. — Mr. E. C. Plummer, of Bath, recently made 
an invention by which a water-motor should utilize 
both the impact and the pressure of the water com- 
bined, whereas the ordinary motor only uses the 
impact or reaction water. On presenting his draw- 
ings at Washington it was found that some other 
genius had made almost precisely the same inven- 
tion, and presented it a short time before Mr. 
Plummei' presented his. 

'89. — Bernard C. Carroll is engaged in the prac- 
tice of law at Stockton, Cal. 

'89. — News has just come east of the death of 
George W. Hayes, who went to Colorado in the 
hopes of regaining his health. 


Hall of Theta, ? 
Delta Kappa Epsilon. ^ 

Whereas, It has pleased our Almighty Father 
to remove from scenes of earth our beloved and 
esteemed brother, John S. H. Fogg, of the class of 
'46, a charter member of our chapter, 

Besnivcd, That our chapter and fraternity have 
met with a great loss in one who was so active in 
their early history, and who, for half a century, has 
so well exemplified their principles and honored 
their name ; 

liesolved, That the sincere sympathy of our 
chapter be extended to the bereaved family, and 
that a copy of these resolutions be sent to them 
and be inserted in the Bo"WDOiJ>f Orient. 
Charles A. Flagg, 
Louis C. Hatch, 
J. Clair Minot, 

Committee for the Chapter. 

Hall of Theta, } 
Delta Kappa Epsilon. \ 

Whereas, In His divine wisdom, God has called 
from our midst our loved and honored brother, 
Hon. Granville P. Hawes, of the class of '60, whose 
zeal and interest in our fraternity have played so 
important a part in his life. 

Resolved, That while we humbly bow to the de- 
cree of the all-merciful Father, we do recognize 
our great loss in this brother whose noble virtues 
of private life and whose signal ability and integ- 
rity in the performance of high public duties have 
reflected so much lustre on the name of Delta 
Kappa Epsilon; 

Resolved, That the sincere sympathy of our 
chapter be extended to the bereaved family, and 
that a copy of these resolutions be sent to them 
and be inserted in the Bowdoin Orient. 

Charles A. Flagg, 

Louis C. Hatch, 

J. Clair Minot, 

Committee for the Chapter. 



Book I^eview§. 

(Within College Walls, by Charles Franklin 
Thwing. Baker & Taylor Co., New York.) 

For fifteen years President Thwing lias been 
writing constantly upon college subjects; his first 
work having borne the title of American Colleges. 
His position as president of Adelbert College and 
his close connection with student life, has made 
him a special authority upon subjects of this kind. 
In this work he gives the result of his observations 
and experiences among colleges and college men. 
He discusses in a liberal manner those questions 
which come to every student and parent concern- 
ing college work and welfare, such as : " The Good 
of Being in College," " The College Forming Char- 
acter," "College Fitting for Business," "Pre-emi- 
nence of the College Graduate," etc. The work is 
well written and sots forth, in a forcible manner, 
the advantages of a college education. He says: 
"Into one group gather ten thousand infants and 
send no one to college; one person out of that great 
gathering will attain, through some work, a certain 
fame. Into another group gather forty college men 
on the day of their graduation, and out of these 
forty one will attain recognition." The book is 
well worth the reading. 

(In Green and VA'hite. Xmas Sketches from the 
Dartmouth Literary Monthly, edited by Edwin 
Osgood Grover, '94.) It is not often that we can 
welcome to our column a work which is the em- 
bodiment of pure college talent. /We are very glad 
to receive this little volume, not alone for the 
literary merit which it possesses, but also because 
it is the beginning of a work which, if pushed for- 
ward, will be a great incentive to literary work 
among colleges. We compliment the "Lit." on 
having so much talent from which to draw, and 
Mr. Osgood for his taste in making his selections. 

@©IIege \J9©pId. 

Latest law in Physics. — The deportment of a 
pupil varies directly as the distance from the profes- 
sor's desk. — Ex. 

Beloit has received two carloads of Greek statu- 
ary from the World's Fair. 

Prussia has just erected at Charlottenburg the 
finest technical institution in the world, at a cost 
of four millions. 

Of the twenty-nine mayors of Boston, thirteen 
have been graduates of Harvard. 

The Junior class at Stanford will publish an an- 
nual to be called "The Stanford Quad." 
She's my sandwich, 

I'm her ham, 
She's my Lillie, 
I'm her Sam. 
Soon I'll annex her, 

You may bet, 
Little Hawaii 
Will be my pet. — Ex, 

At the University of Wisconsin ice-boating on 
Lake Menona is a popular pastime. 

Professor Jameson is constructing a gigantic 
kite by means of which he expects to send up a 
camera and take some views of Iowa City. 


« TAILOR, «• 


Room over A. Ridley & Sons' Grocery 


F'OP^L OTHE] i^^ir^j^::. 








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only in my practice, but in my own in- 
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exhaustion or overwork it gives renewed 
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Descriptive pamphlet free on application to 
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Beware of Substitutes and Imitations. 

Mention Orient when Patronizing Our Advertisers. 


Vol. XXIII. 


No. 14. 





F. W. PiCKARD, '94, Managing Editor. 

F. J. LiBBT, '94, Assistant Managing Editor. 

B. L. Bryant, '95, Business Manager. 

H. E. Andrews, '94. A. G. Wilet, '95. 

E. M. Simpson, '94. J. C. Minot, '96. 

H. W. Thater, '95. H. H. Pierce, '9fi. 

J. E. Dunning. 

Per annum, in advance. 
Single Copies, 

15 Cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Kusiness Manager. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Manager. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Managing Editor. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Rhyme and Reason Department should be 
sent to Box 0, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should be sent to Box 140, Brunswick, Me. 

Eotered at the Post-Office at BruDs\rick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 

Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston, Maine. 


Vol. XXIII., No. 14.— February 21, 1894. 

Editorial Notes 231 

Bowdoin Abroad 232 

A Daring Ride, 233 

"Tatters," 2.35 

" Deacon " Titcomb, 237 

Inter Nos 239 

Rhyme and Reason: 

A Romance, 240 

The Snow Fairy 240 

Sphinx 240 

The Pessioptimist, 240 

Collegii Tabula 240 

Personal 244 

In Memoriam, 24B 

College "World, 247 

genuine sadness was 
cast over Bowdoin last Friday by the news 
of the death of Roy Fairfield Bartlett, '92, 
at his home in Caribou. The present two 
upper classes were in college while he was 
here, and the shock of his death comes like 
a personal blow to every member of them, 
and it almost seems as if an active mem- 
ber of the college had been suddenly taken 
from our midst. Mr. Bartlett was a prom- 
inent leader in scholarship and athletics, and 
was one of the most universally popular men 
the college has had for many years. Not 
his ability, however, so much as his honest, 
open, noble character, won the hearts of all. 
He was an ideal specimen of manly young 
manhood, true to his friends and high prin- 
ciples, energetic and upright in all he under- 
took. His life, cut off early though it was, 
can teach all of us helpful lessons. Tiie 
Orient, representing the college his presence 
honored, and on which his works and charac- 
ter have left a lasting impress, pays its 
tribute to his memory, and extends its 
sincere sympathy to the bereaved faniilj^. 

""OOETRY is as contagious as measles," 
■^ says Oliver Wendell Holmes in "Over 
the Teacups," but either poetry in its acute 
form has not ventured among us this winter, 
or else its vaunted power of communicating 



itself to all whose system is prepared for its 
attack has deserted it. For certain it is 
that poetical contributions to the Orient 
have seldom been so few and of so uncertain 
a quality. The prize of five dollars offered 
by the Orient to the contributor of the 
greatest number of poems, and the prize of 
three dollars to the writer of the best poem, 
will be awarded at the end of this term. 
Apparently the judges will have an easy 
task in deciding upon the recipient of the 
latter, and certain it is that the shorter 
methods of algebra and integral calculus 
will not be needed to figure the number of 
poems contributed by even the most prolific 
of our under-graduate wooers of the Muse. 

WE ARE glad to note the signal improve- 
ment in the conduct of the class 
elections held this term. Objectionable 
features were almost entirely eliminated and 
the best of feeling apparently prevailed. 
The example of '94 in appointing a repre- 
sentative committee which was instructed 
to report a ticket to be voted upon as a 
whole, each nomination being agreed to by 
every individual on the committee, cannot 
be too highly commended. 

IN SPITE of frequent moral editorials on 
the brutality of hazing and the rise of 
civilization in Bowdoin College, as illustrated 
in the decline of Sophomoric spirit and 
success, the editors feel, deep down in the 
bottom of their hearts, a vague dissatisfac- 
tion at the new rSgime. Theoretically it is 
eminently right and proper that the Fresh- 
man should be considered the equal of the 
Sophomore, and treated accordingly, but 
practically the old-time impulse to seize the 
nearest water-pail and use it in the good 
old-fashioned way is often with us, for we 
cannot yet quite grasp the new idea that the 
Freshman is to be treated better than he 

deserves. We say "better than he deserves" 
advisedly, for the incipient braves of '97 
seem to have a strange faculty for brashness 
both in public and private. The faculty and 
jury have chilled the ardor of Sophomoric 
interference and the Freshmen seem to infer 
that the earth, with various neighboring 
planets, is therefore their own individual 
property, to be used as they see fit. Possi- 
bly it is, but the upper-classmen have not 
yet been advised of the fact, and we imagine 
that with the advent of warmer weather 
they may be inclined to dispute the claim. 
Meanwhile we would counsel the Fresh- 
men to wear their laurels modestly, and not 
be deluded into believing that their own 
estimate of themselves is entirely correct. 

n CONTRIBUTOR to this issue requests 
/ ■'■ that the managing editor of the Orient 
call a meeting of the newsjjaper correspon- 
dents of the college with a view to the 
establishment of some definite organization, 
designed to secure a more extended system 
of reports from the college, especially in the 
papers outside the state. The idea has often 
been broached and is entirely commendable, 
for no harm could result from it, while some 
advantage might be gained. If such a meet- 
ing is to be held, however, let it be called at 
once and by those directly interested, not by 
the editor of the Orient. 

Bowdoin Abroad. 
O^EVERAL times, through the columns of 
Y-J the Orient, writers have lamented the 
fact that Bowdoin men as correspondents 
for newspapers outside of the State do not 
do their duty, and this is due to mere indo- 
lence, for newspapers nowadays are anxious 
to obtain college news, if written in a bright, 
breezy style. Is it not disappointing when, 
on taking up an issue, we read how Amherst 
or Dartmouth is working at base-ball and 
athletics, and search the paper as we may, 



no news about Bowdoin's progress is to be 
found? Is it not a trifle embarrassing to 
the members of our athletic teams, when 
off on trips they are asked: "Where is 
Bowdoin ?" 

Take another instance of our supineness. 
When the fall football record of the various 
colleges was summarized in one of the maga- 
zines devoted to college interests, the only 
place where we could find Bowdoin's name 
was the mention of our defeat by Andover. 

Colleges that beat us are very ready to 
give to the press full accounts of the games. 
If they consider us foemen enough to be 
proud of their victories, surely we have 
pride enough to give good, reliable accounts 
of ours. To the alumni is due some consid- 
eration. If we live only for ourselves, and 
in so doing rail against the graduates for not 
helping the college more, surely we are act- 
ing in a censurable manner. Our alumni 
are devoted to the college and wish to do all 
in their power to help it. But if they read 
nothing about it in the papers, not even in 
the Sunday editions, their interest naturally 
becomes weakened. How much more would 
they contribute to our funds if they often 
saw our upward progress reported ! It vrould 
increase their pride and revive their interest, 
and we would be the gainers. 

If we should go to them asking for sub- 
scriptions for an athletic field or cinder 
track, they would ask us: "What do .you 
need one for? We have seen no mention of 
your making yourselves prominent in that 
line, and until we see that advancement we 
do not feel like giving our money where 
it is not certain to be advantageously 

Now, this spring our base-ball nine is 
going to meet teams from the most promi- 
nent New England colleges, and people out- 
side of the state will take the pains to look 
for the accounts of the games ; thus it is 
imperative to our reputation that the contests 

are well reported in the great dailies. If we 
do this well, we are advancing. But we 
should not forget that there are magazines 
and periodicals devoted to college interests, 
and we must be represented in these also. 

There has never been a concentrated 
effort made at Bowdoin to keep her progress 
and interests before the public, and with the 
surprising growth of the college is coming a 
new regime, and a press club should be one 
of the important innovations. This could 
easily be formed. Let the editor-in-chief of 
the Orient call a meeting of all those who 
are representatives of any paper or magazine. 
Then draw up a constitution and elect suita- 
ble officers. This club, in case of a scandal 
in college, would hold the key-note of the 
situation as regarded the reading public. It 
would insure that persons interested in col- 
leges would have plenty of opportunity to 
keep posted on Bowdoin. It would stimu- 
late more care and enthusiasm among our 
reporters, and would keep them up to their 
duty. This is a need we have long felt, and 
it should be supplied before spring. 

A Daring Ride. 

IN THE early fall of 1882 I was touring 
awheel in the north of England. The 
weather had been fine and I was enjoying 
to the utmost a rambler's life. All day I 
spun over smooth roads, between fragrant 
hedges and through a varied scene of mount- 
ain, mead, and lake. At night I found some 
rustic inn where "mine host" would enter- 
tain such a rare traveler with bounteous 
table and countless stories of country lore. 
One day, in wheeling through a dreary 
waste of fen and heath, I»came upon a 
rather broad and brawling stream, whose 
banks were spanned by an ancient bridge, 
serving both for passenger and railroad. It 
was a sort of two-storied affair, the track 
running over the roof of what might be 
called the bridge proper. The boarding on 



the sides was warped and colored a soft and 
sheeny gray by wind and rain and sun. 

Your first thought was of its frailty ; for, 
perched upon piers a hundred feet in height 
and with signs of decay everywhere, except 
in one broad band that was bright with 
newness, there seemingly could be nothing 
more easy than for a train to crash through 
the roof to the river beneath. And then I 
thought that perhaps that was what the new 
part meant; perhaps some train did fall 

That night I passed in an inn but a mile 
from the bridge, whose landlord was more 
than commonly garrulous. Seated before a 
blazing fire of logs, he rambled on about 
anything and everything, and I was almost 
nodding, when he asked me if I had seen the 
bridge that was burned last summer. 

I answered, " Yes, or at least one that 
looked as if it might have been burned." 

"Yes, yes; your machine reminds me of 
a story about that bridge. Would you like 
to hear it?" 


"Well, one dark and rainy night — 'twas 
the 23d of August, a year ago yesterdaj' — 
we were wakened at midnight by a man who 
said that the bridge was on fire. We rushed 
to the river and saw the bridge just bursting 
into flames. The fiery tongues were lapping 
around the eaves and shooting up between 
the railroad ties. Glowing brands, which 
were once big timbers, began to fall into the 
river, and soon, with a roar, the whole sjjan 
went down, leaving only one big timber. 

" We shuddered to think of the train 
that soon would try to cross the bridge. 
Such was the tgrrent beneath that you could 
not cross it, and the nearest bridge was too 
far away to be of any service. There was 
no man who could or would dare to cross 
that slender timber that, though weakened 
by the fire, still stretched between pier and 
and pier. 

"Standing in the midst of us was a young 
fellow who had come to my inn that day. 
He was touring awheel as you are, and, for 
the excitement's sake, had ridden down to 
the bridge. 

"All at once we saw him tie a wet hand- 
kerchief around his face, and, to our eager 
questioning, he answered: 'I am going to 
cross that timber on my bicycle.' We told 
him it was madness to try it; he would meet 
his death. 'My mother and my sister were 
to meet me here, and are coming on that 
train. Make way!' 

" He pushed his wheel up the track to 
the bridge, where he mounted and rode 
quickly toward that gap filled with seething 
flames. The machine and its rider stood out 
in bold relief, lighted up by the blaze of the 
bridge. Several times the flames flared up 
around him, red minions of destruction, 
angry that any one should try to warn their 
coming prey. 

"You know that the Mussulman's road to 
heaven is a lengthy sword-blade stretched 
over their hell, and that he who will gain 
future bliss must walk that blade. Well, it 
was a feat of similar character that this rider 
essayed. The timber was near enough a 
knife blade and the hissing flame supplied a 
very good mundane hell. 

"When he reached the middle of the 
timber we saw it bend; we heard it crash. 
It swayed — it fell — and the daring rider fell 
with it. Down, down, it hustled, and we 
heard its hiss of hellish joy as it struck the 
water. The flames were dying out, and from 
a little distance you would have thought the 
bridge unharmed. 

"All hope was gone. We could but wait 
to see the train, with its freight of humanity, 
crash through the bridge to a fearful destruc- 
tion. Women fainted, and many a burly 
man closed his eyes with horror as we heard 
the whistle of the coming train away in the 
distance, for we all knew that the road 



turned a sharp curve just beyond the bank 
of the river. The engineer would not see 
his danger until he was upon it. 

"Nearer came the train. We could hear 
the rumble of the wheels and the puff of 
exhausting steam. It seemed an age before 
we saw the head-light glide around the 
curve — and then two long, reverberating 
whistles. ' Down brakes ! ' shrieked out upon 
the air. Like some monster, tugging hard 
against its chain, the train struggled on, 
slowly but surely yielding to its master, 
with shriek on shriek from its brakes. 

" Within a dozen feel of the broken span 
the engine came to a standstill; then slowly 
backed to a place of greater safety." 

" Who stopped the train ? " 

"The bicycle rider. He had fallen upon 
the floor of the lower bridge, and, though 
bruised and shaken, had found strength to 
run up the track and signal the train. So 
much had he risked for his mother and his 

I thanked "mine host" for his story and 
retired to my room. All night I dreamed of 
burning bridges and daring riders, and the 
next morning I went back and saw the 
bridge again. That bridge, with its span so 
bright and its story of daring, somehow 
stays in my mind. 

TPATTERS was a singular individual. 
^ Strange and various were the traits that 
chance or fortune had mixed together to be 
molded into a character. He was undenia- 
bly lazy. When Fortune smiled upon him 
and gave him a crust for dinner and a 
straw-bed for a resting-place, he would bask 
in the warmth of her sunshine and — loaf. 
But when the reverse happened and he was 
without money and saw no prospect of food 
or shelter, he would search around for some 
odd job, obtain enough money to supply his 
wants for the present day, and return to his 

accustomed place on the wharves, where he 
delighted to sit in the sunshine and watch 
the steamers plying to and fro and the mer- 
chant vessels discharging their cargoes or 
loading, preparatory to a long voyage. 

His was a most wretched appearance; 
such an one as people in higher stations 
are satisfied to have designated by a name, 
preferring to forego the minute description ; 
let it suffice to say that the state of his 
personal condition won him his name among 
his associates, a name he had carried so long 
that I doubt if he would have replied to 
any other. 

Whenever, in his day-dreams Tatters 
thought of his childhood, so vague were his 
recollections that it seemed to him much 
like trying to look across the bay or out to 
sea when a fog was setting in. He dimly 
remembered a crowded tenement-room, dirty 
and littered with stuff that made it serve for 
both a kitchen and sleeping-room. His 
brothers and sisters were numerous, how 
many they were or where they had gone, 
Tatters had not the least idea. A man whom 
he supposed, on reflection, must have been 
his father, used to come staggering into the 
room, his clothes reeking with the fumes 
of tobacco and vile whiskey; cross when 
drunk, but uglier when not intoxicated, 
which latter condition was very rare indeed. 
But this person never disturbed Tatters' 
thoughts. He regarded him simply as an 
incident relating to earlier life. 

There was, however, one face of his 
childhood that haunted him with its expres- 
sion of hopeless misery and utter sadness. 
It was that of his mother. Whenever he 
thought of her his eyes would grow misty, 
he would feel a choking in his throat, 
and he would be surprised by a curse on his 
lips for the drunken brute who, for some 
reason he had never clearly defined, seemed 
to him to have been the cause of all that 
misery and wretchedness. 



On the whole these moments of reflection 
were rare to Tatters. The thoughts that 
oftener occurred to him were of a light and 
flitting character, and seemed to come merely 
of their own accord, as half-dreaming he sat 
on the edge of the wharf, dangling his feet, 
and watched the swirling water below, or 
lay curled up by the outer wall of a store- 
house. Among all his faults, Tatters had 
one redeeming characteristic, as if nature 
had inadvertently placed a flawless gem 
amidst worthless clay. He was never known 
to steal or beg. His companions attributed 
the latter quality to pride ; the fact of the 
former was so entirely beyond their compre- 
hension that they never thought to define 
its cause. 

If you had asked Tatters why he did not 
beg, as a great many of his associates did, 
he would not have known how to answer 
3'ou. He had never troubled himself to 
define why begging was so abhorrent to him. 
But it was different in regard to stealing. 
For once, long ago, after his mother had 
died, and they had all left the tenement, 
each to shift for himself, he had gone a 
whole day without food, and as night was 
drawing near he walked along the street 
desolate and hungry. Presently, in his aim- 
less walk, he saw a baker's cart draw up to 
the sidewalk, while the boj"^ driving it stopped 
the horse and went into a neighboring store. 
Tatters' hunger assailed him with additional 
force as he saw the tempting loaves of bread 
and cake in the cart, and with few scruples 
he decided to have one. 

As it often happens when one is contem- 
plating an action that for good or evil will 
cast its shadow over the remainder of one's 
life, the simple remembrance of one who 
had been held dear, occurs and checks the 
first intention; so it was with Tatters, for 
this was the first time he had ever felt a 
desire to steal. As he was about to seize a 
loaf and convey it to the inside of his coat, 

he thought of his mother and remembered 
that she had always told him never to steal, 
and his recollections of his mother's life 
were so enshrouded with sadness that he 
held sacred every wish or command she had 
uttered. So, now, Tatters crept off into a 
dark alley to seek a resting-place, the pangs 
of hunger seeming to give way to the feel- 
ings of sorrow conjured up by his sad 
thoughts. Often, of a morning, when Tat- 
ters, penniless, started out in search, the boys 
in the neighborhood used to jeer at him, but 
in the evening, when he returned with a few 
pennies in his pocket and a loaf of bread 
under his arm, he never failed to share his 
last crust with any hungry urchin clamoring 
around him. 

One morning Tatters had wandered far 
up-town. It had been snowing the night 
before and he had been forced to leave his 
usual shelter, on account of the cold and the 
drifting snow, and being driven from other 
places of refuge he sought, he had been com- 
pelled to walk nearly the whole night to 
keep warm. Besides this he was very hun- 
gry, not having had even a crust for his 
supper the night before. When morning 
came he tried to get work shoveling snow 
off the sidewalks and crossings, but all his 
petitions for work were refused, and police- 
men noticing his wretched-looking appear- 
ance ordered him to move on. 

So he staggered on, weak and sick with 
exposure and lack of food, not heeding nor 
caring whither he went. In the afternoon, 
as he sat on a curbstone shivering with 
the cold, he felt that his condition was 
getting desperate and that he would have to 
do something in the way of obtaining food 
or starve. Soon he heard footsteps approach- 
ing, and, looking up, saw a well-dressed gen- 
tleman coming toward him. Staggering to 
his feet Tatters spoke to him, "Sir, will yer 
please " — he was about to say give a poor 
fallow something to eat, but then he realized 



that he was actually begging and, instead, 
added, "Tell me what time it is?" The man 
answered him with a look of disdain and 
pushed him roughly aside. Poor Tatters, sick 
at heart, leaned against a tree and could not 
restrain tears from flowing down his cheeks, 
thin and drawn with hunger and suffering. 
It is doubtful how long he would have re- 
mained there and what he would have done 
had not an accident and his own generous 
nature decided for him. 

Hearing cries in the street before him, he 
glanced up and saw a little child sprawling on 
the ice in the middle of the street, seemingly 
unable to rise, while a cab, driving at a furi- 
ous pace, was almost upon her. The driver 
was apparently drunk and did not heed the 
cries of a lady and servant girl, on the side- 
walk, running toward the child. 

As fast as his weakened limbs would 
allow him, Tatters ran towards the child, 
caught her in his arms, and started to carry 
her to the sidewalk. But he slipped and 
fell forward. With a quick effort he pushed 
the child out of the way just as the front 
wheel of the cab laid him bleeding and 
insensible on the pavement. 

Late that night a little group gathered 
around Tatters, lying unconscious on a cot 
in the operating ward of the hospital. The 
attending physician answered gravely to the 
oft-repeated questions of a lady, and shook 
his head sadly. 

Finally, Tatters regained consciousness, 
and, with a rallying effort, opened his eyes 
and moved slightly on his pillow. The lady, 
who had been kneeling beside the cot, quickly 
seized his hand, exclaiming brokenly: "You 
were so kind — I am so sorry — " Tatters 
looked at her with a wan smile on his face, 
and faintly answered: "I was never no good, 
mum, but I'm glad I didn't beg" — and then 
sank quietly to sleep. 

"Deacon" Tltcomb. 

IF there had not been one disfiguring trait 
in Deacon Titcomb's character, the proba- 
bilities are that his fellow-townsmen would 
have done themselves incalculable injury by 
breaking that law of the Tablets which for- 
bids hero-worship. The one prominent and 
forbidding excrescence upon the fair, open 
face of his mental being, offered the loop-hole 
of escape to his would-be adorers. The Dea- 
con was obstinate; not chronically so, but 
more prominently than pleasantly. 

The gossips (beguiled emissaries of the 
Tempter) declared in one voice, and with a 
simultaneous wag of heads, grown gray and 
bald in wise prognostication, that it was 
more than a pity to see so noble a character 
warped and twisted by one small vice. 

The Deacon's obstinacy, like that of the 
quadruped whose distinguishing features lie 
in its amplitude of ears and dexterity of 
hinder feet, was held within bounds on ordi- 
nary occasions, but became unduly promi- 
nent when least expected. " Missis Titcomb 
was the only woman who knew how to take 
him," again and again affirmed Miss Winter, 
a spinster of uncertain age, and the nods of 
approval from her chosen intimates con- 
firmed the truth of her reiterated remark. 
Yet to a stranger not acquainted with the 
intricacies of his character, the Deacon, genial, 
and beaming with a wealth of brightness on 
his rosy face, seemed the least liable to have 
such a slur cast upon him. Strangers are 
proverbially poor observers, however; the 
exterior dazzles or disgusts them, and until 
their eyes grow accustomed to the light, or 
their disgust is softened by new discovery, 
their criticisms amount to but little. 

He was a goodlj' object, however, to both 
friend and stranger, this Deacon Titcomb, as 
slowly and calmly he walked to and from 
his office, through the quiet streets of Woods- 
field. Erect as those warriors in embryo 



that West Point so carefully nurtures for 
the delectation of the "gentle savage," ruddy 
and seasoned by years of pure air and con- 
stant labor, the Deacon would have gained 
favorable comment in the busiest street of 
the most active city. 

Mrs. Titcomb, the wife, whose intelli- 
gence and gentle persuasive power was so 
highly commended by that select assembly 
of observers, the tea-circle, had given up her 
task years before, and slept peacefully under 
the trees in the old cemetery. Here, on the 
quiet Sabbath afternoons, with the voices of 
the children, through the open windows of 
the church, coming sweetly and caressingly 
to his listening ear, the Deacon brought the 
flowers that she had loved and trained, and 
laid them tenderly and reverently on her 
grave. Then, as slowly and as sadly would he 
return, and, in the room that once her being 
had beautified, think deeply of her. The 
servants, when he pondered thus, would 
walk noiselessly and say to one another, 
with tremulous voice, for they, too, had loved 
her, " He's with his wife." And so indeed 
he was. 

His pastor had remonstrated with hira on 
his neglect of the Sabbath-school, but his 
reply had so touched him that the conversa- 
tion was never renewed. "I feel as if no 
other day were good enough for me to show 
my love for her," he had answered with 
quivering lip; and the good pastor, with a 
firm hand-pressure, had taken his leave. 

So it came about that the widows (and 
Woodsfield appeared to be their Mecca, so 
many were there) sighed afar and threw 
their pickets into other fields to reconnoitre 
for vantage ground. 

Of all the men in Woodsfield, none re- 
spected the Deacon more than the proprietor 
(owner is so intensely commonplace) of the 
one hostelry that the old and prosaic town 
barely allowed to live. Strangers, seated on 
the broad piazza, seeing the Deacon pass by, 

were impressed by his appearance, apparently 
so incongruous with his surroundings, and 
were wont to ask his name. In return, they 
received the story of his life, from his enthu- 
siastic admirer, "mine host." 

Seated in his wide-armed chair, his pipe 
held loosely in his hand, the blue rings of 
smoke curling lazily toward the ceiling, the 
landlord would tell the story with many ex- 
pressive winks and frowns. 

"You saw, sir, that the Deacon looked 
pleasant and warm-hearted as he went by; 
well, so he is, but there ain't many men that 
have had the same trials as he has had. He 
was born here, and all his forefathers too, 
for the matter of that. I went to school 
with him. Even then he had an awful 
determined nature. Seems only yesterday, 
too, sir. After he got through with our 
school, he took first place in an academy — 
his father sent him to college. You'd have 
thought that he would have come back, high- 
strung and proud? Yes? but he didn't. He 
was just the same as before, only his chin 
was set rather firmer, and he said things 
more determined-like. He settled right down 
here among us. Well," and here the worthy 
host would pause and pufT energetically at 
his pipe, "he kept company with Mary 
Oliver, the most likely girl in Woodsfield. 
No!" reflectively, as if conjuring up a pict- 
ure of the lass of other days, "she weren't 
pretty, but gentle and winning, with great 
eyes, that looked as appealing as a lamb's. 
Of course she married him, he was so hand- 
some and grand, unlike any of us, and they 
seemed made for one another. They had 
one daughter who looked like her mother, 
only she had the Deacon's grit. Things went 
on, and it was the happiest family in Woods- 
field until the Deacon's wife got sick and 
died. I never saw a man that felt as the 
Deacon did. He moped and sighed, and 
some of us used to see a great tear on his 
cheek sometimes. Cowardly? Soft-hearted? 



Not a bit of it, sir. He'd do anything if he 
were put to it. Jdon't blame him. Most of 
us felt like crying, when she lay white and 
still in the coffin. She looked so peaceful." 
Could it have been the recollection of that 
dreary day that made the landlord talk a trifle 
thicker than usual ? " Then the daughter, she 
was Mary too, grew up. I tell you the Dea- 
con set some store by her; he kinder spoiled 
her, but perhaps it was the mother's care 
she wanted. When she grew up to about 
eighteen there was an artist came here. He 
was a slick, glib-tongued fellow. Mary fell 
in love with him. What freaks women 
do take ! The Deacon would have nothing 
to do with him, didn't like the looks of the 
cuss, and ordered him away from the house. 
I was up there that day, seeing about ray 
lease, and Mary went by the door. She 
looked as if she had been crying, but just as 
spunky as could be. 'She's got your spunk. 
Deacon,' says I. He snapped me up. ' Go 
on with the lease,' said he, savagely. Well, 
before any of us thought anything about it, 
away she went with that artist critter and 
got married to him. Then the Deacon took 
her picture out of his album and would have 
burnt it, but her old nurse begged it away 
from him. No one knows where she is. The 
Deacon walks just the same, but I've always 
thought he grieved over it to himself. He's 
one of the best men that ever lived, religious 
too, but he's powerful set," and the landlord 
would rise and go to his side-room, leaving 
the guest thinking of the wisdom of the 
Egyptians, in having their skeletons ever 
with them. 

[To be continued.] 

Ir^fep If o§. 

The Harvard faculty has announced the names of 
70 members of the Senior class for commencement 
parts. Twenty per cent, are members of athletic 

At Exeter it has been decided by vote of the 
faculty that the manager in any of the school ath- 
letics must give the faculty a bond of $250 before 
he can enter upon his duties. 

JTTHREE or four years since one of Bow- 
■'' doin's bright scholars who had a pen- 
chant for writing verse, was down on the 
programme of a literary meeting for an 
original poem. The young man's Muse was 
more facile under the touch of Venus than 
of Mars, and the production which he decided 
to deliver rather disagreed with the practical 
turn of the presiding officer to whom it was 
shown. Wishing, perhaps, to prepare the 
audience, and willing to compromise his dig- 
nity by the suggestion of a pun, the presi- 
dent introduced the writer briefly but point- 
edly: "Mr. Blank," he said, "will now read 
an original erotic poem, with the accent on 
the rot.^^ 

'D'MONG the college "yarns" we have 
/I heard recently,the following story, related 
of the president of a New York institution, 
seems worthy of repetition. The end of the 
college dormitory enclosed one side of the 
worthy professor's garden, which contained 
an orchard that was his constant pride. 
Fortunately for the safety of his crop there 
were no windows facing the garden on the 
two lower floors, but nevertheless consider- 
able fruit was spirited away, greatly to the 
mystification of the professor, who deter- 
mined to investigate. Armed with a "bull's- 
eye" he laid in wait at the garden's end, 
one crisp October night, and was rewarded 
by the sight of a huge basket descending 
from the third story, containing an enterpris- 
ing youth in search of prize fruit. Allowing 
him to disappear in the orchard's classic shades, 
though with a twinge as he thought of the 
havoc to be wrought among his favorite 
trees, the president stepped into the basket 
and pulled the cord. The signal was heeded 
and strong arms, impelled by the desire for 
the luscious treat awaiting them, soon 



brought him to the window, which was open 
to receive him. With a chuckle of glee he 
drew the slide of his lantern, and casting the 
glare on the astonished faces before him, 
ejaculated, "Well, gentlemen, I have caught 
3'^ou." " Not a word. Professor," said a quick- 
witted fellow, drawing his knife, and glancing 
significantly at the rope, "or down you go." 
The president decided upon the regulation 
mode of descent, and the annals of the year 
do not record that any students were disci- 
plined for indulging in forbidden fruit. 

A Romance. 

'Twas on the ice, 

And iu a trice 

A broken strap was mended. 

A step is heard, 
An earnest word. 
Her dainty hand's extended. 

A diaroond ring, 
A little thing, 
But one romance is ended. 

The Snow Fairy, 

Beneath the stars of the winter night. 
Across the sleeping world, in flight, 
A fair snow fairy met my sight. 

She paused above the northern land, 
And raised aloft her crystal wand. 
In graceful token of command ; 

' fall," she cried, " fall, ye snow. 
And blow, ye bitter north winds, blow. 
Heap high the drifts o'er all below ! 

' Heap high, heap high, ye snows, I call; 
Above the flowers and brooks and all; 
'Tis for the world's own good ye fall ! 

'Heap high, ye snows, make pure and fair 
The world all dark and gloomy there ; 
Give flowers and brooks a sleep from care ! 

' Heap high, and cover deep from view 
All evil things the old world knew; 
From out the old world make a new ! 

' And would that every soul might know 
A cleansing weight of pure white snow. 
Till heaven's spring-time breezes blow." 


Silent, mysterious, it stands 

In thirsty wastes, 'neath bowing skies, 

And winds have blown the desert sands 

For ages in its stony eyes. 

The secret of long buried years 

Its sealed lips relentless hold. 

The wanderer bends to them, yet hears 

No whisper from the days of old. 

A fairer face there is to me. 
Fair shining eyes with mirth aglow. 
Yet deep, unfathomed as the sea. 
The world were mine could I but know 
The meaning of that hidden smile. 
Which Alls my heart with vague unrest, 
And hopes of which I dream the while 
Light longing fires within my breast. 

rIE recent action of the Amherst College 
senate in setting itself squarely against 
the faculty in a matter of discipline is of 
interest to students, as well as to members 
of the governing boards of other institutions. 
The controversy leads us to see correctly 
the relation of the two bodies, and will, in 
its conclusion, establish a useful precedent 
for future cases of a similar character. That 
relation needs to be plainly understood by 
all of us. The faculty is the ultimate gov- 
erning body; theirs is the sovereign power 
under which students place themselves by 
matriculation. The college senate or jury, 
or whatever it may be termed, holds place 
only by privilege from the faculty, and when 
its decisions or opinions are unfair or unwise, 
to the latter goes the case without question, 
for consideration. College juries are useful 
organizations, and the feeling of independ- 
ence and self-government which they foster 
is, under ordinary circumstances, valuable ; 



but they must realize their responsibility 
to the faculty, and must keep always in sight 
the fact that their power is of the negative 
sort, and is, with undeniable propriety, liable 
to be ignored when exceeded without warrant. 
* * * * « 

Probably the "most unkindest cut of 
all " the college history occurred when the 
Freshmen sent a delegate to their Professor 
of Greek a few days since and informed him 
that he needn't trouble to leave the house, 
as the class, like great Csesar, would not go 
to-day. To be sure the day was far from 
balmy, the breezy blizzard blew in booming 
billows round the ragged corners, and soaked 
the Freshman's tile from off his studious 
head. But the blizzard "died quick"; the 
angry clouds drew back in confused defeat; 
the bitter breezes bowed obeisance; they had 
met the Freshmen "gall," — and, as ever, gall 

iH ^ ^ ^ ^ 

About once in a half-dozen years, so runs 
the chronicle, some individual from out back 
comes in on the draught, and settles on these 
preinises to let his glory shine about for a 
term of from one to four years according 
to — well, say circumstances. He is gener- 
ally of a quality of clay vastl}'- superior 
to that of those about him, and he rules 
supreme, like a Plymouth Rock rooster in a 
bantam harem, and has the favor of the gods. 
The men he ignores, the ladies he regards 
with more favor, as he realizes his irresis- 
tible irresistibility, and gives them the 
benefit of his presence. The ceremony of 
introduction he regards as an unnecessary 
formality, and he addresses unknown fair 
ones with all assurance, his fame having long 
preceded him and won their hearts before 
sight won their eyes. Sometimes he asks 
compellingly the name of the fair lady, but 
except when he needs to make some social 
memorandum, even this is dispensed with. 

He is, in short (oh, Micawber!), a most 
remarkable specimen of an unwinged verte- 
brate, and we bow in awe before him. He 
ought to go to Arizona, where the latest rule 
of etiquette says that "no gentleman will 
shoot to kill in the presence of ladies." 


The action of Bates College 
in refusing to sign the consti- 
tution drawn up by the managers of 
the ball nines of the four Maine col- 
leges at a recent meeting, does much 
to ruin the prospects of a Maine league 
next spring. The other colleges are perfectly will- 
ing that the Medical students should be admitted 
to all the athletic privileges of Bowdoin, which is 
the main point in dispute; but Bates will not agree, 
and unless there is harmony and unanimity, it is 
very doubtful if there is a league. League or no 
league, however, Bowdoin will not cease to insist on 
her point, as the college has far higher and broader 
athletic aims and interests than merely the pleas- 
ure of crossing bats with the Bates lads. In foot- 
ball, rowing, tenuis, and field and track athletics 
Bowdoin has been and is far ahead of her sister 
Maine colleges, and there is no reason why she 
should not keep the lead she has gained in base-ball 
also. She can have all the dates she wants with 
Massachusetts teams, and there is every prospect 
of an exciting season for the Bowdoin nine, whether 
there is a Maine league or not. It is hoped, how- 
ever, Bates will see the folly of her objections and 
agree with the other three colleges, and at the same 
time settle her internal quarrels. 

Bodge, '97, went home sick last week. 

R. W. Mann, '92, was in town recently. 

Brown, '96, had to go home last week on account 
of sickness. 

Pierce, '96, has been at home, in Portland, sick 
for a week. 

President Hyde was confined to the house a 
few days last week. 



Koiglit, '96, has been made a member of Alpha 
Delpha Phi. 

The Freshmen are working on Bender's Roman 
Literature once a weeli. 

" The Sultan's Favorite " drew quite a number 
at Town Hall last week. 

It is about time for the Freshmen to issue their 
challenge for the spring boat race. 

Prof. Lee has recently lectured in Bethel and 
Gorham, N. H., and in Castine, Me. 

Electricity is that branch of physics now receiv- 
ing the attention of the Sophomores. 

Washington's Birthday, February 22d, will be 
observed as usual as a holiday in the college. 

Strickland, '97, is quite sick at his home in Houl- 
ton, and it is doubtful if he returns to college. 

Something in the line of a premature Senior 
vacation was in order nearly every day last week. 

The Freshmen are nearly through with solid 
geometry, and will next take up plane trigonometry. 

The Seniors have elected Thompson and the 
Sophomores Bates as leaders of their squads for the 

Dewey, '95, Leightou, '96, and Holmes, '97, play 
the piano in the gymnasium for their respective 
class drills. 

Fairbanks, '95, went to Caribou last week as the 
delegate of A K E, to attend the funeral of E. F. 
Bartlett, '92. 

The students of Appleton Hall have, to a man, 
signed a strong petition that the hall be remodeled 
the coming summer. 

Professor Hutchins lectured in Augusta, recently, 
before the Kennebec County National History and 
Antiquarian Society. 

Gymnasium assemblies are of frequent occurrence 
among the dancing students, who seem to get much 
pleasure out of them. 

Plumstead, '96, is back after teaching a success- 
ful term in Wiscasset. He is still a little lame from 
the effects of last fall's injury. 

The Sophomore Greek division has finished the 
Iphigenia in Tauris, by Euripedes, and are now on 
the Philoctotes, by Sophocles. 

Now is the time that anxious glances are cast 
into the coal closet, and close calculations made as 
to the time when it will be empty. 

Quite a party of students went to Portland last 
week to witness the presentation of "Injured Inno- 
cents," by the Portland Athletic Club. 

" Chronique du Rfegne de Charles ix," by Pros- 
per Merrimee, is the third book of the term on the 
list of outside reading for the Sophomores. 

Rev. G. C. DeMott, '94, who has preached at the 
Richmond Congregational church for a year and a 
half, has given up his duties there and will give his 
undivided time to his college work till graduation. 

Tht Juniors think that the second law of Logic, 
which says that "nothing can be and not be at the 
same time" is in the wrong, since they find that 
they can be in certain recitations and yet are not 
there at the same time. 

It was a Bowdoin Sophomore who made an 
evening call in Bath, and who was dazed when the 
next issue of the Independent appeared, to find the 
fact chronicled in four distinct and separate items 
in different parts of the paper. 

Book agents have swarmed on the campus this 
fall and winter and their victims are numbered by 
the score. The installment plan of payment is the 
favorite method. Many fine sets of the standard 
American and foreign authors have been disposed of. 

The first of the series of Junior assemblies was 
held in the court room last Wednesday evening, 
and it was, in all respects, a most delightful occa- 
sion. Twenty-four couples participated. The pa- 
tronesses were Mrs. Woodruff, Mrs. Hutchins, and 
Mrs. Mitchell. The music was furnished by Wilson 
of Lewiston. 

Monday afternoon, February 12th, everybody 
made a visit to the Art Building. The occasion 
was the arrival of the bronze casts of Sophocles and 
Demosthenes from Naples, Italy. They were at 
once placed in the large niches on the front. They 
are of heroic size, and add much to the general 
appearance of the noble structure. The building 
will be open regularly very soon. 

All who go into the library now notice a welcome 
change, a handsome large clock having been placed 
on the wall over the door leading from the reg- 
istering room into Banister Hall. It is a clock with 
an interesting history. It was presented to the 
college by Mrs. Sarah Bowdoin, the wife of Hon. 
James Bowdoin, the first benefactor of the college, 
and for many years did faithful service in the old 
wooden chapel. Of late it has had a dusty repose 
in the library, but now new works have been put in 
and the case polished up, so that it looks as bright 
and ready for service as it did in its youth, nearly a 
century ago. 

The open course of lectures on American Liter- 
ature now being delivered in Memorial Hall offers a 



rare opportunity, wbich it is pleasant to notice that 
very few of tlae students are missing. Kev. E. C 
Guild, the Brunswick Unitariau clergyman, is a 
profound scholar, and has a most attractive way of 
expressing himself. The course gives all a chance 
to strengthen much a place often regarded as weak 
in a college education. The lectures come each 
Tuesday eveniug at 8 o'clock, and are to be seven in 
number. The following authors are treated: Irving, 
Bryant, Longfellow, Lowell, Emerson, Hawthorne, 
and Thoreau. Quite a number of town people are 
attending the course. 

The third themes of the term are due February 
26th and the following subjects are given out: Jun- 
iors — Should Hours of Labor in Manufacturing In- 
dustries be shortened? Some Characteristics of 
New Englanders. Blackmore's " Lorna Doone." 
Sophomores— Should the Federal Elections Law 
be Eepealed? A New England Town Meeting, and 
the Character of Dickens's " Uriah Heep." 

The 74th session of the Medical School opened 
Thursday, February 8th. Lower Memorial was 
crowded with students and their friends at the open- 
ing introductory lecture, which was delivered by 
Prof. John F. Thompson, M.D., of Portland, on 
the problem of " The Preliminary Education of the 
American Medical Student." President Hyde and 
the medical faculty occupied the platform. There 
were fifty-eight medical students present, and the 
whole number in attendance this term will probably 
be rather above the average number of one hundred. 
Among those entering on the medical course are 
Baldwin and Barker, both Bowdoin, '93,'Kenniston, 
'92, and Blanchard, '90. President Hyde says there 
are several new departures to be made in the 
school, about which he is not yet ready to speak. 

Last June the board of overseers authorized the 
publication of a new general catalogue, and Pro- 
fessor Little has been steadily working on it of late. 
The last general catalogue appeared in 1889, a,nd 
this will be thoroughly revised, and additions made 
up to date. The new volume will be prefaced by a 
historical sketch of Bowdoin, of one hundred pages, 
written by Professor Little, which will be illustrated 
with pictures of the college buildings, past and 
present. In addition to the list of graduates, their 
residence, occupation, etc., the volume will also 
contain a list of all those who have attended, but 
who have never graduated. There will be about 
three hundred pages in all, and the book will be 
published by the middle of May. The price of the 

catalogue will be one dollar, and it will be a most 
valuable addition to Bowdoin literature. 

Last week the class of '94 held its election of 
officers for Senior year and the election was one of 
the fairest and most satisfactory that has been held 
in the college for years. An entirely new method 
was adopted, which ought to be considered at future 
class elections. The ticket was the unanimous 
choice of a committee representing all the elements 
of the class. Following is the list: President, E. 
H.Sykes; Vice-President, F. H. Knight; Treasurer, 
R. H. Baxter; Orator, G. A. Merrill; Poet, H. E. 
Andrews; Chaplain, Norman McKinnon; opening 
address, F. W. Dana; historian, F. W. Pickard; 
prophet, R. H. Hinkley, Jr. ; odist, H. E. Bryant; 
statistician, R. P. Plaisted; marshal, H. A. Ross; 
parting address, P. G. Farrington; toast-master, H. 
C. Wilbur; committee of arrangements, W. P. 
Thompson, E. Thomas, Jr., and C. E. Merritt; com- 
mittee on pictures, C. M. Leighton. 

The Freshmen have elected the following class 
and banquet officers. There was much interest in 
the election, but there were none of those combines 
that have unfortunately been so common in college 
of late, and everything was pleasant and satisfac- 
tory. The Freshmen have made a good beginning 
in class elections and it is to be hoped they will keep 
up their good record. President, A. S. Harriman 
Vice-Presidents, J. H. B. Fogg and R. W. Smith 
Secretary, F. G. Kneeland; Treasurer, J. S. Shute 
Toast-master, E. G. Pratt; Orator, M. S. Coggan 
Poet, H. M. Varrell; Prophet, J. E. Rhodes; open 
ing adddress, G. S. Bean ; history, T. C. Koehan : 
committee of arrangements, W. A. Purnell, J. H, 
Morse, and S. 0. Andros; committee on odes, C. H 
Holmes, D. D. Spear, and E. B. Remick; commit- 
tee on class cups and colors, H. S. Warren, T. C. 
Koehan, and E. C. Vining. E. L. Bodge was 
elected to represent the class on the general athletic 

Gymnasium work is going merrily on each after- 
noon, and the building, up stairs and down, pre- 
sents a most lively appearance during working 
hours. Captain Sykes is keeping his men hard at 
work every day, batting, throwing, running, etc., 
and the battery men are getting into fine form. 
The whole squad goes through a stiff dumb-bell 
drill each day. A piano has been moved into the 
gymnasium, and each class goes through its drill to 
music, resulting in much better work. Soon the 
squads from each class will be picked out for drill 



at the exhibition, and then will begin the annual 
struggle for the cup. Besides the regular drills, 
boxing, wrestling, starting, hurdling, jumping, div- 
ing, and tumbling receive attention each day. There 
is unusual interest in boxing; and several stars have 
been developed. It is proposed that an informal 
tournament be held, and that the winners in the 
three classes, heavy, middle, and light weights, 
take part in the exhibition. Dewey, '95, has charge 
of the pyramid squad and is getting his men well 
at work. Heads for the various other departments 
of the exhibition work have also been appointed. 
Ross, '94, is in charge of the boxing and wrestling; 
Foster, '95, of the work on the bars and rings; 
Bates, '96, of the pole-vaulting and diving; Smith, 
'96, of the jumping; and Lord, '94, of the tumbling. 
J. W. Crawford, '95, represented Bowdoin at the 
recent eighth annual meeting of the New England 
Intercollegiate Athletic Association held in Boston. 
Among other business was the admission of Massa- 
chusetts Institute of Technology to the Association, 
and the choice of Worcester Oval and May 23d as the 
place and time of the next field-day meeting. There 
were seventeen delegates present, representing nine 
New England colleges, as follows: Amherst, Bow- 
doin, Brown, Dartmouth, Trinity, Wesleyan, Will- 
iams, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, and Massa- 
chusetts Institute of Technology. The University 
of Vermont did not send delegates. The following 
officers were all unanimously elected for the ensuing 
year: President, W. M. Ames, Dartmouth; first 
Vice-President, E. W. Davenport, Worcester; 
second Vice-President, C. D. Broughton, Trinity ; 
Secretary, S. H. Hanford, Amherst; Treasurer, 
Benjamin Hurd, Jr., Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology; Executive Committee, W. M. Ames, 
ex officio; S. H. Hanford, Amherst; J. W. Craw- 
fordj Bowdoin; R. C. Taft, Jr., Brown; A. G. 
Bugbee, Dartmouth ; C. D. Broughton, Trinity ; 
W. W. Peck, Wesleyan; R. H. Jeffrey, Williams; 
F. W. Parks, Worcester, and Benjamin Hurd, Jr., 

Brown will celebrate her one hundredth anni- 
versary in June. 

Yale has dropped arithmetic from the list of re- 

The Andover base-ball team is to make an East- 
ern trip. 

Only eight speakers are to appear on the com- 
mencement stage at Dartmouth hereafter. ' The 
Latin salutatory has been abolished. 

17.— Miss Annie E. John- 
son, principal of Bradford 
for nineteen years, died in 
Bradford, Mass., January 9, 1894. 

Her father, class of 1817, was an honored 

clergyman in this state. 
'20.— Rev. Thomas T. Stone, D.D., of Rock Bot- 
tom, Mass., the oldest living Bowdoin graduate, 
who has been seventy years in the ministry, re- 
cently celebrated his ninety-third birthday and 
received a large number of congratulations. 

'35. — The Brunswick Telegraph for February 
15th, announces, in its editorial columns, the retire- 
ment of its veteran editor, A. G. Tenney. His 
remarkable editorial career has extended over 
nearly fifty-eight years, nearly thirty-seven of which' 
have been spent in Brunswick on the Telegraph. 
From all parts of the state come notices of this 
change in management accompanied by expressions 
of universal regret. Mr. Tenney and the Bruns- 
wick Telegraph have for so long been identified that 
his hand in it will be very much missed. We quote 
the following from the Kennebec Journal of Febru- 
ary 5th, printed before the announcement of Editor 
Tenney's retirement: "The sudden illness of 
Editor TQnney, of the Brunswick Telegraph, made 
a greater impression on the community than does 
the sickness of most good editors. The Telegraph 
was suspended for four issues and comes out Feb- 
ruary 1st in miniature as the Brunswick Tele- 
graph, Jr. We impatiently await the Telegraph, 
senior. Old friends are good enough for us. 

Medical, '36.— Dr. Moore Russell Fletcher, of 
Cambridge, Mass., died at his home, on Mt. Auburn 
Street in that city, on Friday, February 9th, and 
was buried from his late home the following 
Wednesday afternoon. Rev. Dr. L. A. Banks con- 
ducted the service. Dr. Fletcher was born in 
Campton, N. H., January 17, 1811, and studied 
medicine at Harvard in addition to his course at 
Bowdoin. After graduation he settled in St. 
Andrews, N. B., where he married Miss Ann 
Catherine AUenshaw, daughter of Hon. James 
Alleushaw, who owned extensive tracts of New 
Brunswick timber land. There he managed 
eighteen saw mills, and it was at this time that he 



begau experimenting in the maliing of paper pulp 
from wood fibre. In ISSO he removed to Cam- 
bridge, and for ten years devoted himself to the 
practice of his profession. After that he occupied 
himself principally in pushing Liis inventions, which 
were very numerous and remarkable. He secured 
no less than seventy-five patents from the govern- 
ment for inventions, including a process for making 
wood pulp, a truss for the cure of hernia, an 
improved steam engine, a revolver, and numerous 
other contrivances of more or less ingenious design; 
but his skill as a business man did not prove equal 
to his ingenuity as an inventor. In 1883 he pub- 
lished a popular medical treatise, entitled "Tbe 
Home Doctor," which met with a considerable sale. 
Dr. Fletcher left a widow and one son, Mr. John 
M. Fletcher of Boston. 

'49. — Mr. Joseph Williamson is the author of a 
new and complete "Bibliography of Maine," from 
the earliert period to 1891, published by the Maine 
Historical Society by subscription only. The work 
is a valuable one, and will be the standard for years 
to come. 

'54. — A recent number of the Lewiston Journal 
gives a very good picture of Senator William Drew 
Washburn of Minnesota, together with a long inter- 
view concerning his youth in Maine. Of his college 
days Senator Washburn says: "There were thirty- 
six in my class, among whom were Frank A. Wilson 
of Bangor and James R. Osgood, afterwards well 
known in the firm of Ticknor & Osgood, publishers, 
Boston. William L. Symonds of Portland was also 
a class-mate of mine, and a most promising young 
fellow, but he died soon after leaving college, and 
Charles P. Chandler went into the war as colonel 
of a Massachusetts regiment. Senator Prye grad- 
uated the year I entered and Chief Justice Fuller 
was in the class ahead of me, while Judge Putnam 
of Portland followed a year behind." 

'56.— Galen C. Moses of Bath is a director in the 
company of the newly-completed Portland & Rum- 
ford Falls Railway. 

'57. — The munificent gift of Gen. Thomas H. 
Hubbard of New York City to Hallowell has materi- 
alized in a handsome addition to the library, cost- 
ing with its equipments $12,000. At the dedication, 
March 15th, Professor Charles F. Richardson of 
Dartmouth, who gained his foundation in literature 
from the old Social Library, will deliver an address 
on the mission of the public library; a poem by 
Mattie Baker Dunn of Waterville, and other 
hterary exercises, will make the occasion a memo- 
rable one. 

'60.— Edwin Berger Shertzer of St. Louis, Mo., 
died in that city recently of pneumonia. He was 
born in Annville, Penn., December 25, 1834, and 
bas been for many years a successful lawyer in St. 
Louis. After graduation at college he was, for a 
short time, an instructor in the Seminary, Wilton, 
Me. In 1861 he studied law at St. Paul, Minn., and 
was admitted to the bar in that city in that year. 
From 1861 to 1863 he practiced his profession in 
St. Paul. Then for three years he acted as clerk 
to Major S. P. Adams. In 1866 he removed to St. 
Louis. In college he was a member of Psi Upsilon 
and Phi Beta Kappa. 

'60. — At the Bowdoin Free Baptist conference 
held at Lisbon, Me., on February 14th and 15th, a 
prayer and conference meeting was conducted by 
Rev. Dr. Charles Fox Penney of Lewiston. 

'60.— Hon. Joseph Law Symonds addressed the 
gathering at Rumford Falls, February 10th, on the 
occasion of the completion of the Portland & 
Rumford Falls Railway. 

'62.— Gen. C. P. Mattocks, one of Maine's World's 
Fair directors, is trying to induce Portland people 
to advance the money necessary for bringing the 
Maine building at Chicago to Portland and setting 
it up there again. It will cost $7,000 to bring it to 
that city and rebuild it there. 

'64.— Charles F. Libby has been elected presi- 
dent of the Maine Bar Association for the coming- 

'66. — Professor Henry Leland Chapman recently 
gave a Shakespearean reading in Camden, under the 
auspices of the Monday Reading Club of that place. 

'68.— Orville D. Baker, of Augusta, is a vice- 
president of the Maine Bar Association. 

'69.— Clarence Hale, Esq., of Portland, spoke at 
the dinner given February 10th, at Rumford Falls, 
in honor of the completion of the new road to that 

'54. — F. A. Wilson, Esq., of Bangor, was elected 
a vice-president of the Maine Bar Association at 
the recent annual meeting held in Portland. 

'77.— On February 12th, the birthday of Abra- 
ham Lincoln, the Lincoln Club, of Portland, gave a 
large and very successful dinner in their rooms in 
that city. Carroll W. Morrill, president of the 
club, presided with his usual grace and eloquence, 
and to him very largely was due the extreme 
smoothness and success of the dinner. 

'81.— Hon. D. J. McGilliouddy, of Lewiston, 
presided over the recent meeting at Rumford 
Falls station on the occasion of the opening of the 
Portland & Rumford Falls Railway. 



'85. — H. L. Lunt is now in his second year as 
supervising principal of the schools of Ontario, 
Cal, and is naeetiug with splendid success in his 
chosen profession. He has had interesting meet- 
ings with fellow-teachers and discussions of public 
school questions recently. 

'87. — Mr. Austin Gary, of East Machias, passed 
through here recently. Mr. Gary was one of 
Professor Lee's party from Bowdoin College in the 
expedition to Labrador in the summer of 1891. 
He is at present employed on the Forestry Depart- 
ment of the Agricultural Bureau at Washington, 
and is engaged in the exploration of the lumber 
woods in northern Maine, in order to ascertain 
the comparative growth of the different varieties of 
forest trees of this section, says the Houlton Times. 

'87. — A. G. Shorey has recently taken charge of 
the Brunswick Telegraph, so lately given up by 
A. G. Tenney, '35. It is pleasant to have a Bow- 
doin man still at the head of the Telegraph staff, 
and we wish every success to Mr. Shorey, whose 
previous experience in newspaper work is extensive. 
He has been connected with the Bridgton Neivs, of 
which his father, Maj. H. A. Shorey, is editor, and 
the Bath Times. 

'89. — The Orient has to chronicle the very sad 
death of George William Hayes of Lewiston, whose 
severe illness we announced in our last number. 
He had recovered from a very severe hemorrhage 
and was seemingly better, when a sudden change 
occurred, resulting in his death on January 3lst. 
Mr. Hayes was born at Lewiston on October 22, 1867, 
and, after graduation, did considerable work in the 
West as a journalist, at the same time pursuing his 
law studies. ' He gained an admission to the bar, 
but his health began to fail and his life during the last 
months was but a struggle to regain this. In col- 
lege he showed great promise. He was a member 
of the Glee Glub and Alpha Delta Phi fraternity. 
At the funeral, which took place at the house of his 
father, William Hayes, Esq., of Lewiston, Rev. 
George M. Howe of the Pine Street Gongregation- 
alist Ghurch officiated. There were many floral 
tributes, including a beautiful bank of roses from 
the class of '89. Among the bearers were Professor 
George T. Files, F. L. Staples of Augusta, and W. 
P. F. Robie of Gorham, all of '89. 

'91— Thomas C. Spillane, Esq., of Lewiston, has 
received an invitation to deliver the Memorial Day 
address at Waldoboro. 

'92.— Roy Fairfield Bartlett, whose sudden death 
is noticed editorially in this number, was born in 

Garibou, Aroostook Gounty, Maine, October 26, 
1869, and was, therefore, about twenty-four years 
and four months old. He fitted for college at the 
Garibou High School, and entered Bowdoin in the 
fall of '88. He was a member of a k b, and roomed 
throughout his course in South Appleton. He pos- 
sessed a remarkable faculty for making friends, 
and was universally liked for his genial, compan- 
ionable qualities and his manly virtues. There was 
no more popular student in college, and that he 
should be elected the popular man of his class 
Junior year was a foregone conclusion. Everybody 
liked him, and the news of his death was a severe 
shock to the members of '93 and '94, who knew him 
during his course here. In scholarship he was one 
of the leaders of '92, being one of the provisional 
commencement appointments, and being elected a 
member of * B K. In athletics he was also a leader, 
and his record in this line is still fresh in the minds 
of the student body. He was a member of his class 
crew, and in his Senior year was the captain and 
inspiration of the 'Varsity foot-ball eleven. Since 
graduation he has been studying law in Garibou, 
and would soon have been admitted to the bar 
where his ability, determination, and noble charac- 
ter would have won him a high position. A short 
time ago he was taken with la grippe, resulting in 
typhoid fever, from which he died Thursday, Feb- 
ruary 15, 1894. Last June, at commencement time, 
he was back to see his old friends, full of life, ambi- 
tion and hope, and it is hard to realize that this 
noble and promising young life has now ended. 

'93. — Alley R. Jenks is very critically ill at his 
home in Houlton, Me. 


Hall of Theta, ? 
Delta Kappa Epsilon. \ 

Whereas, Our Heavenly Father has removed 
from our midst our beloved brother, Roy Fairfield 
Bartlett, of the class of '92, whose manly virtues in 
all things and whose unselfish zeal in college affairs 
have left an abiding memory with all who knew 
him ; 

Resolved, That the Delta Kappa Epsilon fra- 
ternity, of which he was so worthy and active a 
member, has suffered a great loss in the sudden 
cutting ofl' of his noble and promising young life ; 



Resolved, That our sincere sympathy be ex- 
tended to the bereaved family, and that a copy of 
these resolutions be published in the Bowdoin 

W. W. Thomas, 
Louis C. Hatch, 
J. Clair Minot, 

Committee for the Chapter. 

Hall of Alpha Delta Phi. 
Whereas, In His divine wisdom an all-merciful 
Father has been pleased to remove from our midst 
our much beloved and esteemed brother, George 
William Hayes, of the class of '89, therefore be it 

Resolved, That the Alpha Delta Phi fratei'nity 
meets vrith a great loss in having removed from its 
membership this brother; 

Resolved, That the sincere sympathy of the 
fraternity be extended to the bereaved family and 
that a copy of these resolutions be inserted in the 
Bowdoin Orient. 

Geo. C. DbMott, 
Chas. E. D. Lorb, 
Geo. M. Brett, 

Committee for the Chapter. 

Hall of the Kappa Psi Upsilon. 
Whereas, It hath seemed good to our Almighty 
Father in His infinite providence to remove from us 
our beloved brother, Edwin Berger Shertzer, of the 
class of '60, a faithful and loyal member of our 

Resolved, That while we humbly bow to the all- 
wise decrees of an ever-merciful Father, we do 
recognize our great loss in the death of this, our 

Resolved, That the sincere and heart-felt sympa- 
thy of our chapter be extended to those who are 
bei'eaved by this loss, and that a copy of these reso- 
lutions be sent to them and be inserted in the 
Bowdoin Orient. 

William M. Ingraham, 
Allen L. Churchill, 
Henry H. Pierce, 

Committee for the Chapter. 

Princeton leads in the amount of money spent 
for religious purposes. — Brown Daily Herald. 

The University of Chicago conferred its first 
degree of Ph.D. upon a Jajmnese student. 

A week of "exam" 

Is a horrible grind. 
With stuffing and cram, 
A week of "exam" 
Is nothing but sliam. 

The intelligent find. 
A week of "exam" 
Is a horrible grind. 

— Unit. 
A Philosophical Club has been formed at Brown. 
The students at Brown will produce an operetta, 
"Priscilla, " the proceeds going to the support of 

Professor Henry Drummond has been called to 
the Presidency of McGill University, Montreal, Can- 

At St. John's College, all the lectures in Philos- 
ophy are given in Latin and examinations are car- 
ried on in that language. 

Columbia's endowment, amounting to $9,000,000, 
is second only to Girard College, while Harvard 
comes third with $8,000,000. 


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Vol. XXIII. 


No. 15. 





F. W. PiCKARD, '94, Managing Editor. 

F. J. LiBBY, '94, Assistant Managing Editor. 

B. L. Bryant, '95, Business Manager. 

H. E. Andrews, '94. A. G. Wiley, '95. 

E. M. Simpson, '94. J. C. Minot, '96. 

H. W. Thayer, '95. H. H. Pierce, '9fi. 

J. E. Dunning. 

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Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston, Maine. 


Vol. XXIII., No. 15.— March 7, 1894. 

Editorial Notes, 249 

College Commons 250 

My Treasure Find 251 

" Deacon " Titcomb (continued), 253 

Inter Nos: 

Injured Innocence— a Pastel in Ink, 255 

Ehyme and Reason: 

Rondeau, 255 

AfPlay, 255 

In Winter Skies, 256 

Philoctetesin Lemnos, 256 

The Pessioptimist 256 

CoLLEGii Tabula 257 

Personal, 260 

In Memoriam, 261 

College World 261 

A petition was recently sent to the 
Governing Boards of the college asking for a 
complete renovation of Appleton Hall the 
coming summer and the abolishment of the 
present system of drainage. This petition 
was signed by every student rooming in that 
building, and expresses accurately and forc- 
ibly the unanimous sentiment of its signers. 
It is a noticeable fact that there is, and for 
some years has been, more sickness in 
Appleton Hall than in all the rest of the 
college combined. The records of the 
Faculty will show, we have no doubt, that 
more excuses for sickness have been granted 
to stud