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Full text of "Bowdoin Orient"

THE 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Published Fortnightly by the Students of 



BOWDOIN COLLEGE. 



EDITORIAL BOARD. 

J. C. MINOT, '96, Editor-in-Chief. 

C. W. MARSTON, '96, Assistant Editor-in-Chief. 

H. R. BLODGETT, '96, Business Manager. 

G. T. ORDWA.Y, '96, . . . Athletics. R. S. HAGAR, '97, .... Personals. 

H. H. PIERCE, '96, . . College World. T. L. MARBLE, '98, . . . Bowdoin Verse. 

H. GILPATRIC, '96, . . . Y. M. 0. A. P. P. BAXTER, '98, J CnlUmi Tabula 

C. C. SMITH, '98, } • • • LOUe n la0UM - 



BOWDOIN COLLEGE. 

BRUNSWICK, MAINE. 

1895-96. 



Index to Volume XXV. 



EDITORIAL DEPARTMENTS. 

Editorial Notes J. C. Minot, Editor. 

1, 19, 35, 51, 75, 117, 133, 149, 167, 183, 199, 213, 227, 243, 259, 273, 289. 

Collegii Tabula P. P. Baxter and C. C. Smith, Editors. 

10, 26, 41, 68, 113, 123, 140, 160, 175, 192, 207, 220, 235, 254, 265, 282, 299. 

Personal R. S. Hagar, Editor. 

16, 81, 48, 114, 128, 145, 164, 179, 196, 210, 223, 239, 257, 269, 285, 302. 

Athletics G. T. Ord way, Editor. 

13, 28, 43, 69, 126, 142, 162, 177, 195. 

College World H. H. Pierce, Editor. 

17, 33, 50, 73, 115, 131, 147, 165, 181, 197, 212, 226, 241, 258, 272, 287, 304. 

Y. M. C. A H. Gilpatric, Editor. 

15, 30, 47, 128, 144, 178, 209, 223, 238, 256, 284. 

Book Reviews J. C. Minot, Editor. 

31, 144, 181, 210, 241. 

MIS CELL A NE O US. 

PROSE. 

Address of Class President (Ivy Day) F. C. Peaks 59 

Agnostic and the Dogmatist, The (Goodwin Commencement Prize). R. T. Parker 102 

Alpha Delta Phi Convention J.B.Roberts 38 

Baccalaureate Sermon President Hyde 76 

Bold Move, A G. E. Carmichael 171 

Boston Alumni Meeting J. C. Minot 249 

Bowdoin's Proposed Athletic Field Dr. F. N. Whittier 3 

Cheering the Halls J. C. Minot 101 

Class-Day Exercises J. C. Minot 83 

Class-Day Oration F. O. Small 83 

Class History (Class Day) C. S. Christie 90 

Class Prophecy (Class Day) J. W. Crawford 92 

Class Reunions J. C. Minot 112 

Commencement Ball J. C. Minot 101 

Commencement Concert J. C Minot 112 

Commencement Dinner J. C. Minot. 104 

Commencement Exercises J. C. Minot 102 

Day with Nature, A B. S. Philoon 279 

Delta Kappa Epsilon Convention J. C. Minot 185 

Delta Upsilon Convention H. Gilpatric' 170 

Destruction of the Forests and What It Implies, The F. J. Small 261 

Double Fives G. E. Carmichael 202 

Eugene Field A. H. Nason 216 

Five Hundred Miles Awheel B. S. Philoon 263 

Francis W. Upham, LL.D Gen. J. L. Chamberlain 275 

Fraternity Reunions J. C. Minot 113 

Ghostly Hand, The F. E. Bradbury 24 

Glimpse of Florida, A F. R. Marsh 229 

Home of the Penobscot Indians, The F. J. Small 292 

Honorary Appointments J. C. Minot 110 

Ivv-Dav Exercises J. C. Minot 54 

Ivy Hop J. C. Minot 66 

In Memoriam 131 

In Memoriam 180 

In Memoriam 225 

In Memoriam 257 

In Memoriam .' 286 

In Memoriam , 304 



INDEX.— ( Continued.) 

Junior Prize Declamations . . . J. C. Minot 82 

Life in a Lumber Camp J. VV. Condon .172 

List of Alumni Present Commencement R. S. Hagar 112 

Lost Receipt, The F. E. Bradbury 39 

Manhood Makes the Man (Ivy-Day Oration) R. O. Small 54 

Medical Progress (Medical School Oration) J. E. Keating 107 

Medical School Graduation J. C. Minot 106 

Meeting of Boards of Overseers and Trustees J. C. Minot Ill 

Meeting of Boston Alumni J. C. Minot 170 

Meeting of Maine Historical Society J. C. Minot 110 

Meeting of Phi Beta Kappa J. C. Minot Ill 

Molly T. L. Marble 22 

' Mount Ktaadn F. J. Small 278 

Mutual Understanding, A C. G. Fogg 252 

New York Alumni of Bowdoin J. C. Minot. 215 

Obituary Resolutions An Alumnus 186 

Opening Address (Class Day) H. E. Holmes 88 

Parable of the Battle, The J. W. Condon 187 

Parting Address (Class Day) G. E. Simpson 100 

Peasants of Montmorency R. L. Marston 188 

Portland Alumni Meeting J. C. Minot 248 

President's Reception J. C. Minot 95 

Prizes and Awards J. C. Minot Ill 

Psi Upsilon Convention H. H. Pierce 38 

Psi Upsilon Reception H. H. Pierce 247 

Reine T. L. Marble 137 

Response of Backslider (Ivy Day) H. R. Blodgett 63 

Response of Charmer (Ivy Day) S. Fesseuden 64 

Response of Class Plugger (Ivy Day) G. T. Ordway 61 

Response of Fop (Ivy Day) R. M. Andrews 61 

Response of Interrogator (Ivy Day) A. G. Hebb ■ 62 

Response of Popular Man (Ivy Day) J. H. Bates 65 

Science Versus Nature T. D. Bailey 152 

Sketch of the Flora of South Africa, A Miss M. F. Farnham 295 

Smoking the Pipe of Peace J. C. Minot 101 

Social Problem. The ('68 Prize Oration) G. B. Mayo 6 

Some Advantages of a Country College P. P. Baxter 204 

Spirits or ? G. E. Carmichael 294 

Story of John Brown, The J. C. Minot 120 

Summer Experience, A G. E. Carmichael 136 

Summer Picture, A Miss Carmichael 138 

Summer School, The 5 

Theta Delta Chi Convention W. W. Fogg 202 

Trappists of the Mistassini, The R. L. Marston 231 

Washington Alumni Meeting J. C. Minot 250 

POETKY. 

After Reading Lucile J. C. Minot 10 

Angel and the Child, The J. C. Minot 9 

" April Fool " T. L. Marble 299 

Ariadne T. L. Marble 159 

Ballade of Bowdoin Pines, A J. C. Minot 206 

Belles and Swells J. C. Minot 282 

Beneath the Mistletoe T. L. Marble 206 

Beside My Grate J. C. Minot 264 

Bowdoin White, The J. C. Minot 139 

Chapel Ivy, The J. C. Minot 138 

Class Day Poem H. W. Thaver 85 

Class Ode (Class Day) H. B. Buss" 101 

Colonel and I H. H. Pierce 26 

Dream, A T. L. Marble 139 

Dreamer, The J. C. Minot 253 

Driftwood J. C. Minot 191 

Echo and I J. W. Condon 282 

Evening. , G. E. Carmichael 160 

Eves of Brown J. C. Minot 298 



INDEX. — (Continued.) 

Fall of Phaethon, The T. L. Marble 40 

Fatal Hour, The T. L. Marble 122 

Freshman's Plea, The R. L. Marston. , 122 

Freshman's Song of Spring, The T. L. Marble 25 

Gale River, Franconia C. G. Fogg 67 

Gates of Horn, The J. C. Minot 174 

Hallowe'en T. L. Marble 174 

Hammock's Disclosure, The J. C. Minot 299 

Hero and Leander T. L. Marble 25 

If the Hammock Could Speak T. L. Marble 282 

In Style J. C. Minot 40 

In the Dance T. L. Marble. 264 

IvyOde C.G.Fogg 66 

Ivy Poem J. C. Minot 58 

Jubilee Ode J. C. Minot 174 

Lesson of the Seconds, The G. E. Carmichael 159 

Little Pond, A J. C. Minot 298 

Loyal Till Death H. H. Pierce 122 

Memory, A G. E. Carmichael 264 

Nanna T. L. Marble 235 

No Verdure There J. C. Minot 40 

Ode, An J. C. Minot 40 

Oh, That I Knew Where I Might Find Him C. G. Fogg 191 

Old Year's Burial, The J. C. Minot 219 

Out on the Foam C.G.Fogg 41 

Phases P.P.Baxter 9 

Reply of Philotas J.W.Condon 219 

Reportorial Blow, The J. C. Minot 282 

River of Youth, The J. C. Minot 234 

Roentgen Ray, The J. C. Minot 265 

Sad Fate of Little Willy, The G. E. Carmichael 253 

Slight Mistake, A G. E. Carmichael ..159 

Song of the Season's Close, The C. G.Fogg 191 

Spring W. P. McKown 10 

Studying Philosophy J. C. Minot 253 

Thanksgiving T. L. Marble 192 

Thomas B An Alumnus 206 

"Those Homely Tales of Simple, Friendly Folk". . .J. C. Minot 67 

To My Lady G. E. Carmichael 160 

Trio of Winter Triolets, A J. C. Minot 205 

Unheard J. C. Minot 234 

Washington — Lincoln J. C. Minot 253 

Watchers on the Shore, The J. C. Minot 139 

When Dollv Smiles T. L. Marble 122 

When Love is Dead J. C. Minot 205 

Will it Never Cease? G. E. Carmichael 264 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Vol. XXV. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, MAY 1, 1895. 



No. 1. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 

PUBLISHED EVERY ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY DURING 
THE COLLEGIATE YEAR BY THE STUDENTS OF 

BOWDOIN COL.LEGE. 



EDITORIAL BOARD. 

J. C. Minot, '96, Editor-in-Chief. 

C. W. Marston, '96, Assistant Editor-in-Chief. 

H. R. Blodgett, '96, Business Manager. 

G. T. Ordway, '96. H. H. Pierce, '96. 

H. Gilpatric, '96. R. S. Hagar, '97. 

P. P. Baxter, '98. T. L. Marble, '98. 

C. C. Smith, '98. 

Per annum, in advance $2.00. 

Single Copies, 15 Cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Manager. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Manager. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Editor-in-Chief. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
tie wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Bowdoin Verse Department should be 
sent to Box 1155, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should be sent to Box 1001, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post-Office at Brunswick as Secouil-Class Mail Matter. 
Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston. 

CONTENTS. 

Vol. XXV., No. 1.— May 1, 189S. 

Editorial Notes, 1 

Bowdoin's Proposed Athletic Field, 3 

The Slimmer School, 5 

The Social Problem ('Sixty-Eight Prize Oration), . . li 
Bowdoin Verse : 

The Angel and the Child, 9 

Phases, 9 

Spring, 10 

After Reading Lucile, 10 

Collegii Tabula, 10 

Athletics, 13 

T. M. C. A., 15 

Personal, 16 

College World, 17 




With this number the Orient enters 
upon its twenty-fifth volume, the close of a 
quarter century of prosperous existence. No 
change from the preceding volume is made 
in the heads of the editorial and business 
departments, a situation new to the history 
of the publication. While there is a certain 
satisfaction and pleasure to us in this, there 
are also duties and responsibilities that must 
not be lightly estimated, but which are little 
understood by most. The hearty co-opera- 
tion of all in college is continually necessary 
to make the college paper successful and 
truly representative, and only with such 
earnest help can we keep the paper up to 
the worthy standard set by previous editors, 
can we continue and strengthen each of its 
existing departments, and make it to each 
Bowdoin man, under-graduate and alumnus, 
truly a part of the grand old college for 
which all have so much affection and pride. 
The editors will promise to do their best, but 
they cannot do all. With this number a 
change is made in the designation of the 
editorial head of the paper, it being changed 
from Managing Editor to Editor-in-Chief. 
This change, which breaks the established 
custom of a quarter of a century, is not made 
because the new title is more expressive or 
significant of the bearer's duties, but mainly 
to avoid the complications which have con- 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



tinually arisen from the confusion of the 
terms "Managing Editor" and "Business 
Manager." 



TV7HAT are Bowdoin's prospects in ath- 
^* letics this spring? In the several lines 
of spring sports, base-ball, tennis, rowing, 
and field and track work, it is now time to 
have some idea of what we can do this season. 
On the whole the outlook is good, and we 
can confidently expect a measure of success 
that will add materially to the good record 
we hold. In base-ball the number of new 
men on the team makes it rather an uncer- 
tain quantity at first, but we feel sure that 
there is plenty of good material and that the 
nine will settle down to steady, telling work, 
and if we do not win as many victories over 
the strong teams outside of the State as we 
did last year, nevertheless we hope to win 
some, and to get into trim so that in the race 
for the Maine pennant a creditable attempt 
may be made to win another trophy to hang 
beside that won in '93. Let us give enthusi- 
astic encouragement and united support to 
the team, for we know that manager, captain, 
and players will do all in their power to win 
victories for their college. The field and 
track athletes have three field days before 
them this spring, and the prospects are bright 
that work of which the college may well be 
proud will be done in all. Interest is high, 
and candidates for the team are working 
hard, but there cannot be too much interest 
or too many candidates. More points than 
last year must be won at Worcester, the 
three other Maine colleges must be beaten at 
Waterville, and our own field day must be a 
record breaker. This must be accomplished 
this year, and with the new track to work 
upon next year much better work, still can 
be done in all three field days. In tennis 
everything is also bright. Nearly a dozen 
courts are in order and the cracks are work- 
ing daily. Since tennis has been played in 



the Maine colleges Bowdoin has been far in 
the front, and though '94 took away some of 
our star players, there are star players still 
here, and we are confident they will prove 
worthy successors to those who have won 
our cups in the past. The college tourna- 
ment will soon be under way, and June 
brings the State tournament. In rowing, the 
lower classes are looking forward to the 
annual class race on the river, but seem to 
be in no hurry to decide whether it shall be 
a four-oared or eight-oared race, or to get 
their crews selected and actively in practice. 
Bowdoin seems to have dropped out of inter- 
collegiate rowing for good, but the class race 
is a fixture, and the Sophomores and Fresh- 
men must awake to a realization of what is 
to be done in this line. 



JT[HE Orient would like to know: 
■*■ When the Glee Club is going to favor 
the college with the long-prornised concert. 

Why the members of the choir do not 
wait and come out of chapel with their 
respective classes, as they ought to do, in- 
stead of hurrying out, as they often do, 
Sophomores, Freshmen and all, ahead of the 
Seniors themselves. 

Why the Sophomores and Freshmen do 
not straighten out matters in regard to the 
annual class boat race. 

Why our team is not going to win more 
points at Worcester than last year. 

What college has a more beautiful campus 
than old Bowdoin. 

If there is any reason why we cannot be 
the proud possessors of the proposed quarter- 
mile track. 

How many engaged men there are in 
college. 

What student is the hardest worker in 
college. 

If the old saying, "A bad beginning makes 
a good ending," will hold true of the present 
base-ball season. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



If Harvard, in view of its recent base-ball 
defeats, will now decide that this sport is 
also too rough for its students to indulge in. 

Why college men do not read more in the 
magazines and papers, and, in general, keep 
better informed on the matters and questions 
of the day. 

If Appleton Hall is to undergo repairs, 
a la Maine, the coming summer. 

When that trial is coming off. 

And much more, part of which will be 
mentioned later. 



TJTHIS is the pleasantest term of the three 
*■ that make up the pleasant college year. 
It may not be so at all colleges, but it is cer- 
tainly so at old Bowdoin. The renewed 
freedom of out-of-door life amid the beauti- 
ful surroundings of our college home, the 
activity in various branches of athletics in 
which all are interested, either as earnest 
participants or as enthusiastic spectators, the 
more frequent holidays, so welcome to most 
students as occasions of extra work or extra 
pleasure, the gala occasions that throng so 
thickly toward the end of the term — these 
are a few of the numerous circumstances that 
make the present term the most attractive 
and enjoyable of the college year. Our work, 
too, falls less heavily upon us in the spring. 
This is clue in part, no doubt, to the wisdom 
of the college powers that be, and in part to 
a buoyancy of feeling within us, born of the 
happy, light-hearted spring-time, that pre- 
vents us from taking too seriously the matters 
of text-books and lectures, recitations and 
examinations. The tennis courts have an 
attraction for many, and the meandering 
paths among the grand old pines around the 
campus lure the student away from his desk. 
It is very pleasant even if we are not actively 
engaged in athletics, as many more of us 
ought to be, to watch the base-ball practice 
and the occasional games, to note the progress 
made by the field and track athletes, or to 



stroll down to the boat-house and watch the 
oarsmen on the river and examine the shells 
that have won such glory for Bowdoin in 
the past. It is a delightful walk — and none 
should fail to take it — down to the proposed 
site of the quarter-mile track and athletic 
field that is very soon to be the scene of our 
practice and contests. All this is well. Let 
us enjoy the spring, and be out-of-doors all 
we can. Nature has claims upon us which 
we can ill afford to neglect. Athletics are a 
truly essential and beneficial part of our 
college course. But let us still in the spring- 
term, as in the others, place our regular col- 
lege work first and above all else. There is 
no occasion to neglect this for the many 
pleasures of the term. There is plenty of 
time for both, and it is no excuse for care- 
lessness and indifference in our studies that 
the skies are blue and the grass green. 



Bowdoin's Proposed Athletic 
Field. 
TF YEAR ago it was proposed to build a 
/I cinder track on the college delta, and 
use the space enclosed by it for base-ball 
and foot-ball. 

A survey showed that, to get room for a 
quarter-mile track of the proper form, it 
would be necessary to clear about one acre 
of pine land on the side of the delta toward 
Harpswell Street. The plan received the 
enthusiastic support of the under-graduates, 
but was so strongly opposed by the Faculty 
and many of the alumni, on account of the 
involved sacrifice of pines, that it was finally 
abandoned. 

This year the need of an athletic field is 
still more pressing. Bowdoin is the only 
college without a running track that attempts 
to make any showing at Worcester. Of the 
colleges in the Maine league, Colby has the 
funds pledged for a track and has already 
begun work. Cinder paths are being talked 
of at Bates and Orono; and unless Bowdoin 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



is content to be last in the list, some imme- 
diate action must be taken. Foot-ball and 
base-ball are also feeling the need of a suit- 
able athletic field. The foot-ball field on the 
delta is ten yards too short, and the pine 
trunks and roots at the east end of the field 
add an unnecessary element of danger to the 
game. We need a new field for games and 
'varsity practice. The field on the delta is 
needed for the practice of the second eleven 
and the class teams. 

Base-ball is quite as badly off as foot-ball. 
The undergrowth of pine has shortened the 
field, so that a long hit to right field or center 
is likely to be a home run. 

Again, our new elective system renders 
such an arrangement of recitation hours 
necessary that, except on Wednesdays and 
Saturdays, when games are usually going 
on, it is impossible to get nines together for 
practicing until four o'clock in the after- 
noon; and then we have only one field for 
'varsity, second nine, and class nines. There 
is not even room enough for the 'varsity and 
substitutes to practice batting and fielding 
at the same time. The lack of a good second 
nine has always been a serious handicap to 
the success of base-ball at Bowdoin, and we 
have never had a good second nine because we 
have had no place for the men to practice. 

A quarter-mile track, built of clay and 
cinders, with the space enclosed fitted to be 
used for base-ball and foot-ball, would be of 
the greatest benefit to the athletic interests 
of the college. Bowdoin can build such an 
athletic field very cheaply, for not ten min- 
utes walk from the college there is plenty of 
dry, level land, needing no grading or under- 
draining, that can be bought for five dollars 
an acre. The refusal of one lot of forty 
acres has been obtained. This land is situ- 
ated about one-third of a mile from the 
college, on the Gurnet road, very near its 
junction with the Harpswell road. 



The cost of building an athletic field 
here has been estimated as follows : 

Forty acres of waste land, .... $200 

Quarter-mile track, built of clay and cinders, 700 
Preparing land inside track for base-ball and 

foot-ball, 300 

Fence around the field, .... 500 

Grand stand, 300 

Total, $2,000 

The above estimate makes no provision 
for dressing-rooms or facilities for bathing. 
We could do without for a time, but should 
hope to get them later on. 

The under-graduates feel that something 
must be done at once. The members of the 
Faculty share this feeling, and have already 
pledged two hundred dollars, enough to buy 
the land. It is proposed that any property 
that may be purchased shall be given to the 
college, to be held for the purposes of an 
athletic field. Under this condition, Hon. 
S. J. Young, as treasurer of the college, will 
receive subscriptions for building the field 
and will audit the accounts. 

Subscription papers are being circulated 
among the students, and it is probable that 
if enough money can be raised the land will 
be purchased and one hundred yards of the 
track built this spring. This hundred-yard 
stretch can be built in a fortnight, and our 
track-athletic team can have three weeks' 
use of it this season. For raising the $1,500 
that will be necessary for the completion of 
the work we shall be obliged to rely mainly 
upon the alumni of the college, and judging 
from the experience of other colleges, we can 
hardly be disappointed. 

The cost of the Dartmouth field was 
$15,000. The money was raised entirely by 
their alumni. Most eastern colleges have 
athletic fields, ranging in cost from the Rut- 
gers field, costing $5,000, to the Amherst 
field, costing $27,000 ; and in the majority 
of cases these fields have been gifts from 
alumni. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



During the years when Bowdoin was 
interested in rowing, our alumni never failed 
to give generously whenever there was need. 
More recently the under-graduates have felt 
that they ought to meet their yearly athletic 
expenses without asking outside aid. But 
this is a special attempt to permanently 
better the athletic prospects of the college 
and to put Bowdoin on an equal footing with 
other colleges of her class. 



The Summer School. 

"HEGINNING July 9, 1895, and continuing 
■*-' for five weeks, the following courses in 
science will be conducted by instructors 
in Bowdoin College at the Searles Science 
Building. 

(1) A course in Elementary Chemistry. 

(2) A course in Advanced Chemistry. 

(3) A course in Physics. 

(4) A course in Biology. 

These courses are designed especially 
for teachers, but are open to all earnest 
workers. It is believed that they will be 
well adapted to the needs of any student of 
natural science, giving, for example, an ex- 
cellent introduction to the study of medicine 
or pharmacy. They will also be valuable to 
those who, either as teachers or scholars, 
are preparing to meet natural science re- 
quirements for admission to college. They 
will consist largely of practical work in the 
laboratory, and it is doubtful if any college 
laboratories in the country have superior 
facilities for this purpose. 

Each elementary course will consist of 
lectures and laboratory work for two hours 
a day on five days of the week. No exer- 
cises will be held on Saturdays. Students 
in the advanced chemistry course can woi'k 
in the laboratory as many hours a day as the 
instructor thinks advisable. A student in a 
single elementary course is not entitled to 
more than the regular time of work for that 



course. The fees for the course, paid inva- 
riably in advance, are as follows: 

For two or three elementary courses, $20. 

For a single elementary course, $10. 

For advanced chemistry, $15. 

Occasional evening lectures on scientific 
topics of a general nature may be expected 
from the different instructors. The courses 
in Chemistry will not necessarily be uniform 
for all, but each student may pursue quanti- 
tative analysis, either organic or inorganic, 
or carry on such special investigation as he 
may choose. 

The course in Chemistry will be under 
the instruction of Professor Franklin C. Rob- 
inson and Warren R. Smith, Ph.D. (Univer- 
sity of Chicago). 

The course in Physics will cover the 
subjects of Mechanics, Heat, Light, and Elec- 
tricity. Lectures will occasionally be given 
upon the above general topics, but the work 
will mainly consist of quantitative experi- 
ments in the laboratory. 

The laboratories are equipped with sets 
of apparatus sufficient to enable twenty stu- 
dents to work at the same experiment at 
once, and with every convenience for the 
best work. The course will be conducted 
by Professor Charles C. Hutchins. 

The course in Biology is primarily 
designed for those who teach Zoology or 
Physiology in the schools, but can also be 
taken by those who wish an introduction 
to the science. Some of the important 
types of animals will be studied by which 
a general knowledge of the animal kingdom 
may be obtained. Special attention will be 
given to methods of study, particularly in 
the use of the microscope. The work will 
be largely in the laboratory, and only such 
lectures will be given as may be necessary 
for the proper understanding of laboratory 
methods. The biological laboratories are 
spacious and well equipped with microscopes 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



and other apparatus, as well as with mate- 
rials for study. 

The student should provide himself with 
a dissecting and a drawing outfit. These 
can be obtained at the laboratory at low 
prices. 

The course will be conducted by Pro- 
fessor Leslie A. Lee. 

Students who intend taking the courses 
should send their names to one of the pro- 
fessors as early as July 2d. 



The Social Problem. 



'SIXTY-EIGHT PRIZE ORATION. 



By Guy B. Mayo. 

FEW months ago, the civilized world was 
startled by the news that Carnot, the 
President of France, had been struck down 
by the hand of an anarchist assassin. The 
deed was not in secret as murders are usually 
done, but openly to attract attention and 
cause alarm. France was not engaged in 
war, nor troubled with serious internal dis- 
putes. Why, then, was her President slain ? 
The murderer admitted that he had no per- 
sonal wrong to avenge. He was not even a 
citizen of France. He had the heart of an 
anarchist and recognized no law, while his 
victim was the representative of liberty reg- 
ulated b} r republican institutions. 

But the anarchist and the spirit of anarchy 
are not confined to Europe. They are abroad 
in our midst; and the chief menace to our 
peace and the stability of our institutions 
may be found in the social conditions which 
confront us to-day. 

Recently in our chief inland city, a band 
of these human vultures, hesitating not to 
murder, nor to excite by frantic appeals to 
passion, the frenzy of ignorant and brutish 
men, were tried, convicted, and sentenced 
according to legal procedure. But what a 
spectacle follows ! The public authority in 



the state is changed from one political party 
to another, and a Governor is found to pardon 
the violators of law and order, an act of 
authority which will forever blot the pages 
of our history ; and herein is exposed an 
element of danger in our government by 
political parties. 

The anarchist, however, is not the legiti- 
mate result of our institutions, founded, as 
they are in theory, upon the moral and intel- 
lectual education of the masses. The ranks 
of anarchy are recruited, not from Ameri- 
cans, but from the horde of lawless immi- 
grants annually poured out upon our shores ; 
men who are wof ully ignorant ; whose reason- 
ing faculties are blunted; whose passions 
and instincts are beyond all moral restraint. 
Most of them are from those foreign countries 
where individual freedom is restricted, where 
class distinctions are marked, where poverty 
and ignorance go hand in hand. Such men 
utterly fail to appreciate the advantages 
accruing to the individual under our system, 
and are the first, when admitted to citizen- 
ship, to abuse their new-found privilege, and 
seek to over-ride existing law and order. 
They are mere puppets in the hands of the 
demagogue ; and their votes are in the market 
to the highest bid of a candidate or political 
committee. It has been our boast that we 
are an asylum for the oppressed of all nations; 
and to the lover of liberty regulated and pro- 
tected by law, let us still open our gates. 
But let us also exercise the right of a host, 
to make choice of the guests we admit. Give 
to this country proper immigration laws and 
rigorously enforce them, and this disorderly 
element will become less powerful and the 
social conditions rapidly improved. 

It may be said that because the anarchist 
is not the legitimate outgrowth of our system, 
founded upon written constitutions, that we 
have nothing to fear. But written constitu- 
tions are not enough. The frequent recur- 
rence of the strike and boycott, actually 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



assuming the proportions of social war, shows 
that we are drifting into conditions which 
will foster the spirit of anarchy. 

Less than a year ago occurred the largest 
strike in our history, and scarcely a section 
of the country escaped its influence. When 
the American Railway Union assumed its 
management, and undertook to enforce a 
boycott on all the roads entering Chicago, it 
lost its original character and became sym- 
pathetic. As such, there was little chance 
for settlement except by force of arms. In 
this instance, the power for mischief of an 
arrant, lawless demagogue was fully exem- 
plified. For a time Eugene V. Debs held 
his hand upon the throat of commerce. He 
issued orders, and men usually peaceable and 
law-abiding joined the ranks of disorder, and 
became instinct with the spirit of destruction. 
In vain the citizens of a great city called 
upon their state for protection to life and 
property. The state seemed helpless; but 
not so much through inability to restore and 
maintain order, as through the manifest sym- 
pathy of her executive with the cause of the 
rioters. Order was again restored only by 
the intervention of the militaiy power of the 
nation. Then followed the spectacle of a 
Governor complaining that the rights of his 
state had been invaded, and the constitution 
and laws of the land violated. Not so much, 
it is to be noted, by the rioting strikers as 
by the intervention of national authority to 
quell the disorder. "Put none but Ameri- 
cans on guard to-night," was the command of 
Washington at a critical time for the safety 
of the patriot cause. Does it not behoove 
the American people to take care that no 
more Altgelds are vested with the executive 
authority of our great commonwealths? 

We are told that by arbitration all dis- 
putes of this character can be amicably 
settled. But it is useless to hope for arbi- 
tration by agreement. It must be by law 
which is sufficiently popular to be sustained 



in enforcing an award. Nor can arbitration 
avail except as between the original parties 
to the controversy. When a strike or out- 
break becomes sympathetic in its nature, 
only the arbitrament of arms can quell the 
mutiny against the social order. 

Again we are told that the great panacea 
is to be found in Socialism, the owuership 
and direction of all means of production by 
the state. This means the total overthrow 
of existing customs. It means the formation 
of a new society in which each individual 
looks out for the specific welfare of his 
neighbor. It is, in short, a Utopian condi- 
tion, which is contrary to all human instinct, 
habit, or custom, and from its very nature 
impossible to be accomplished. It would 
place laziness and ignorance at a premium, 
and would be the first step in a series of 
retrogressions, which would ultimately land 
the state in chaos. 

Great enterprises require the massing of 
capital under one control, which makes the 
corporation necessary to interests of greatest 
production. In enterprises which are war- 
ranted by the needs or economic conditions 
of the people, corporations are entitled to a 
just return for capital actually invested. But 
at this point they should be stopped by the 
same law which grants them the franchise 
under which they exist. They must not be 
permitted to grind down labor to earn divi- 
dends on " watered " stock. On the other 
hand, the labor union must not come forward 
and say, as in effect it does : You must 
employ us at our dictated terms, or we will 
destroy your plant. We will even commit 
murder, if you do not accede to our de- 
mands. Managers of labor and capital must 
learn that these are mutually dependent; 
that they are necessary, one to the other, to 
the full fruition of both ; that an injury to 
the one shows a like effect upon the other. 
Again there are the great monopolies, not 
intended to furnish necessaries or luxuries at 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



the cheapest rates. Their objects are quite the 
contrary. The control which these engines 
exercise over legislation is undisputed, and 
this in itself tends to aggravate the social 
unrest. 

Just and equitable administration is the 
remedy for these evils. Indeed it has been 
well said, "That is the best government which 
is best administered," and the present condi- 
tions may well suggest the inquiry : Are we 
having the best administration of justice as 
between conflicting interests and contending 
parties ? It is not a good government, cer- 
tainly not a good administration of govern- 
ment, that can only quell, the rioting striker, 
but cannot reach and correct the evils of the 
trust. Poor indeed is the power that can 
create the corporation, but cannot prevent 
the manipulation of stock by the managers 
of its own creation. Some power must be 
found to shatter the combinations which 
corner wheat, or raise the price of sugar, as 
well as to disperse the mob of striking rioters 
collected in the public streets. 

There is another destructive influence 
confronting us to-day. It is the tendency 
among the higher classes to shirk duty in 
public affairs. This shows itself particularly 
in the cities; and it is in these centers of 
population and industry that reform must 
begin and be maintained, if it is to be suc- 
cessful. The rapid growth of business enter- 
prises since the war has so engrossed the 
attention of the better educated that munic- 
ipal control has passed over to a lower class, 
a class of men bent entirely on making all 
they can for themselves at the expense of 
the community. The corruption so common 
in our politics is accounted for by the fact 
that honest men have held themselves aloof 
from public affairs. The growth and influ- 
ence of a Tammany Hall could never have 
become so far-reaching had it not been for 
this neglect of public duty. These men have 



sacrificed the good of the state in their pm-- 
suit of individual interests. 

There is no cure for this evil, unless it 
come from an awakening of these Epicureans 
to a performance of this public duty. The 
right of suffrage is not simply a privilege to 
be exercised or waived as fancy or pleasure 
seems to dictate. It involves a duty always 
to be performed for the public good. As 
government, municipal or state, is necessa- 
rily by the association of individuals into 
parties, the primary meeting is of more impor- 
tance than election day. " Eternal vigilance 
is the price of liberty," and liberty is best 
secured by good government. Had the good 
citizens of New York, in years past, done 
their full duty both at the primaries and at 
the polls, they might have been spared the 
recent disgraceful disclosures of a Lexow 
Committee. Let every energy of men who 
are not social parasites be given to the cause 
of good government, and the results cannot 
fail to be good and permanent. 

The great force which is to bring this 
better administration of law, and this per- 
formance of public duty, is education. We 
need more of that education which teaches 
men that individual good depends solely on 
social advancement; more of that force which 
fosters wisdom in legislation, and patriotic 
self-denial in the citizen. A republic with- 
out intelligence is an impossibility. The Dec- 
laration of Independence asserts that govern- 
ments derive their just powers from the 
consent of the governed. Consent of the 
governed does not mean the passive submis- 
sion of a dull and ignorant mind which takes 
impressions as a piece of wax. It means 
the intelligent and reasoning consent which 
marks the difference between the freeman 
and the slave. Plato taught that only the 
ruling classes need be educated, and the 
republic of Greece fell. Modern democracy 
depends entirely upon the education of the 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



masses, and upon this does its continuity de- 
pend. The offering of courses in Economics 
and Social Questions in our more modern 
institutions is a step forward in useful educa- 
tion. There is still room for the dead lan- 
guage in our schools ; but power to grasp 
and deal with existing conditions is what we 
need ; and he who shapes his study so that 
he can assist in the solution of the Social 
Problem, whether he be engaged in public 
life or live in the quiet of a country home, 
will confer a greater benefit upon humanity 
than he who labors to decipher an ancient 
manuscript or the hieroglyphics of an Egyp- 
tian monument. Intellect and reason rather 
than emotion or fancy must guide this 
country. The public school and the col- 
lege, teaching good morals and liberality in 
religion, as well as science and literature, are 
the springs which will preserve this nation. 
"We must educate or perish." 

Society, as it exists to-day, is a result of 
evolution. As the great steamship has grown 
from the frail canoe of the savage, so has the 
present condition of society evolved from the 
primitive state which existed at the dawn of 
history. Only by this same process, working 
throughout the centuries, will a state of per- 
fection be attained. The law of "The Sur- 
vival of the Fittest," which has brought man 
to what he is to-day, will lead him triumph- 
antly to his appointed destiny. 



Bowdoii-j ^Depge. 

The Angel and the Child. 

(From the French of Jean Reboul.) 
An angel form with gleaming brow 

Watched o'er an infant's dream, 
And saw her own fair self below, 

As mirrored in a stream. 

"0 little child with my own face," 
She said, " come with me, 
And we will find a better place; 
The earth deserves not thee. 



'For here is never joy complete; 

Here souls from pleasure die ; 
The hour of mirth has much not sweet, 
And happiness its sigh. 

' And fear is always at the feast; 

And ne'er a day all fair 
But portents of the morrow's blast 
The passing breezes bear. 

' 0, why should shame and woes and fears 

E'er stain thy brow's fair hue? 
Or in a bitter tide of tears 

Be bathed thine eyes of blue ? 

' No, no, into the fields of space, 

With me, come fly away; 

It is by God's most loving grace 

Thou dost no longer stay. 

' And let no one in mourning be 

Around the sad home hearth; 
But welcomed be this hour for thee, 
As was thine hour of birth. 

' And let not clouds their brows obscure, 

Or death be there confessed; 
When one, as at thine age is pure, 
The last day is the best." 

And then, with outstretched wings of white 

The angel upward sped, 
Up to those happy homes of light, — 

Poor mother, thy child is dead ! 



Phases. 

Beside the lonely woodland way 
The robin's liquid note is heard, 

Prophetic of a brighter day, 

By sullen winter long deferred. 

Its Velvet buds the willow shoots, 
O'erhauging still the silent stream. 

The May-flower spreads its tender roots 
Amidst the turf now turning green. 

Along the paths in dell and dale 

Steals April. Wrapped as in a dream, 

Her fragrant presence through a veil 
Of silvery mist but dimly seen. 

The white-robed hills recede from sight, 
Escaping from the rising sun, 

And clouds aglow with warmer light 
Foretell the summer soon to come. 



10 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Spring. 

Spring, most beautiful time of the year, 
When the grass is growing green, 

When the flowers and the trees are budding 
Is heaven a fairer scene ? 

Spring, thou art surely unto us all, 

And forever more shall be, 
The promise of life's new dawning 

In heaven's eternitv. 



After Reading Lucile. 

With a smile on her lips she goes from our sight 
'Mid the gloom and the mists of the autumn night. 
She goes to her duty to soothe and to heal, — 
The loving, the gentle, sweet-hearted Lucile. 
Her life and her love have been crushed to the sod, 
But her soul is the pure, living smile of her God, 
And her heart is still happy in spite of the pain 
That has lashed it, and pierced it, and torn it again. 

But from us who have met her, and clasped her 

hand, 
And seen in those eyes that soul so grand, 
And marked all her wondrous beauty and grace — 
Ah, never again can she move from the place 
She has won in our hearts ; not into the night 
Can the form of Lucile ever pass from our sight. 

And since we have met her our life is more fair; 
New angels now hover about us in air. 
The world has grown larger and better ; more grand 
Is the break of the morning all over the land. 
More calm is the fever that burns us within ; 
More longed-for the freedom that never knows sin ; 
More sacred has grown the grand passion of love ; 
More close is the heaven that arches above. 

0, oft on our brow and our heart may we feel 
The soft, loving touch of gentle Lucile. 



There seem to be as many reasons for Cam- 
bridge's successive defeats at the hands of Oxford 
as there are for the many games lost on this side of 
the water. Too great interference on the part of 
the graduates in the management of the crew ; col- 
lege politics, by which men from one college are 
kept out of the boat ; and unfair treatment of Eton 
men who go to Cambridge, a fact which drives the 
best Eton oars to Oxford, are the suggestions up to 
date. One man objects to having the Oxford crew 
coached by a Cambridge graduate. 




Pitching pennies has been all 
the craze this term, and this mild form 
of gambling has even threatened to 
attack some members of the Faculty. 
Everywhere groups of students have 
been busy during the opening weeks tossing cents 
at a knife stuck in the ground, and theu excitedly 
scrambling for the spoils. 

Boom the new track. 

The grass is fast growing green. 

Bliss, '94, attended the '68 speaking. 

Shay, '93, was on the campus recently. 

The Juniors are through with theme work. 

We are getting toward the heart of spring. 

Brown, ex-'96, spent a few days about college. 

May-flower parties have been numerous of late. 

Churchill, '95, spent the holidays about Boston. 

'97 has challenged '98 to an eight-oared boat race. 

Those who own bicycles are in their element 
now. 

R. W. Mann, '92, visited friends in college re- 
cently. 

Coggan, '97, came back to college on Monday 
the 22d. 

Minott, '98, has been confined at home with the 
mumps. 

The conclusion of the chess tournament is 
not yet. 

Mayo, '95, visited relatives in Bangor during 
vacation. 

The Maine Central Institute nine plays here 
Saturday. 

McKowu, '98, was initiated into Zf on last Fri- 
day night. 

Quimby, '95, and Peaks, '96, have been ill at home 
with the mumps. 

E. E. Spear, '98, spent the vacation in Warren, 
returning on the 22d. 

Borden, M. S., has been coaching the Portland 
High School athletes. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



11 



Dennison, '95, was laid up with the mumps last 
week at his home iu Jay. 

Pope, '95, who spent the vacation in Massachu- 
setts, has returned to college. 

Haines, '97, and Shute, '97, spent their Easter 
holidays in Boston and vicinity. 

Bucknam, '93, spent a few days about college 
the latter part of the winter term. 

Over 200 volumes of French and German litera- 
ture have just been added to the library. 

Professor MacDonald has been unable to meet his 
classes this term, but expects to be out soon. 

Eames, '98, is back again, having finished a very 
prosperous term of school teaching in West Bethel. 

A party of students visited Bath on the 4th to 
attend a private party and dance. Some lost the 
train. 

Kyes, '96, remained in Brunswick through the 
holidays on account of the work to be done on the 



The various squads, delegations, and clubs, all 
had their pictures taken to take home with them at 
Easter. 

The Freshmen delegations have been busy of 
late putting the fraternity courts into shape for 
spring. 

The new edition of the college regulations and 
articles of agreement has been distributed to the 
students. 

Subscription papers for the support of base-ball, 
field and track sports, and tennis, have been in cir- 
culation. 

A favorite occupation among the students during 
the first week of the term, was watching the base- 
ball practice. 

About twenty-five or thirty students remained 
in town during vacation. This is greater than the 
usual number. 

Members of the Class of '95 have been congratu- 
lating one of their classmates upon his engagement, 
recently made public. 

A majority of '95 already have posed for their 
photographs, and they report that Reed is doing- 
work of the highest class. 

President and Mrs. Hyde went to Connecticut 
last week with the remains of Mrs. Hyde's mother, 
Mrs. Hibbard, who died here, April 20th. 

Rev. J. S. Williamson, of Augusta, exchanged 
pulpits with Dr. Mason, and gave the students a very 
interesting and helpful talk in chapel, April 21st. 



Prof. Johnson has been engaged recently in 
making a catalogue or inventory of the works of art 
and many objects of interest in the Walker Art 
Building. 

Doherty, '95, has been elected the Bowdoin mem- 
ber on the executive committee of the Maine Inter- 
collegiate Athletic Association in place of Robinson, 
'96, resigned. 

By Saturday morning, the 6th, the campus was 
deserted, save for a few students who stayed over. 
Among these were Doherty, '95, Dewey, '95, and 
Newbegin, '96. 

Life is indebted to the Orient for the poem, 
"A Chemical Tragedy," which is published as origi- 
nal in last week's issue. It appeared in the Orient 
October 3, 1894. 

The number of books taken from the library 
during March was 849 ; the average daily number 
was 31. On March 5th, 73 books were loaned; this 
was more than on any other day of the month. 

The King of Siam has just sent 39 volumes to 
the Bowdoin library, a very interesting addition. 
The books are the "Tripitaka," being a collection 
of the sacred writings of the Southern Buddhists. 

P. D. Smith, '95, was taken sick with the grippe 
while at home during vacation. This was followed 
by a severe attack of the mumps. He recovered, 
however, so as to return to college on the 23d ult. 

The Freshman Class sent a petition to Prof. 
Woodruff, asking that they might take up the 
Greek New Testament, instead of the Odyssey, 
during the spring term. The petition was granted. 

There are many May-flowers in the surrounding 
woods now. Several of the boys have brought 
back quite large bunches as results of their forest 
excursions. May-flower parties have been numerous. 

The Worcester field day will be May 18th instead 
of May 22d, as was first arranged. The Maine 
intercollegiate field day at Waterville will be June 
8th. Our college field day will be June 13th or 
June 15th. 

We are having quite a plentiful sprinkling of 
holidays this term. The Fast-Day one was fully 
appreciated, and plans are already being made as 
to how to spend Arbor Day, which will come on 
May 10th. 

Morelon, '95, has for several weeks been con- 
fined to his home in Pemaquid by a quite serious 
case of chronic pneumonia. But at last accounts 
he was recovering, and will probably be with us 
again soon. 



12 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



The first themes of the term for the Sophomores 
are due April 30th. The subjects are: "Should 
Cuba be Annexed to the United States?"; "An 
Experience in School-teaching"; "An Afternoon in 
the Library." 

Mr. Mitchell will be absent next year on a leave 
of absence, and will employ the time in special 
study. It is understood that his place will be filled 
during the year by C. S. Rich, '92. Mr. Rich will 
graduate from Andover Theological Seminary this 
spring. 

The Freshmen have been acquiring recently 
quite a good deal of grace and agility, especially 
the latter. Notwithstanding this, not a few of them 
have encountered more or less moisture. But then, 
ought not one to suspect even a pleasant sky in 
deceptive April? 

The remarkable height reached by the Andros- 
coggin during the freshet called all the students to 
the river daily till the floods subsided. Considera- 
ble damage was done, and at one time wild rumors 
were in the air that the college boat-house was 
about to be washed away. 

The campus has received its usual overhauling. 
It presented quite a different appearance at the 
commencement of this term than at the close of 
last, as during the vacation the remaining snow 
disappeared and the mud dried. Mr. Booker and 
his able corps of assistants have been rendering 
most efficient service. 

At a meeting of the Senior Class, held on the 
22d, it was voted to have a Commencement Con- 
cert, thereby reviving the custom which was 
dropped last year on account of the Centennial 
celebration. A committee of three was appointed 
to attend to the management of the class banquet. 
It consisted of Mayo, Fairbanks, and Roberts. Also 
it was decided to wear caps and gowns on Sunday 
afternoons at chapel. 

Two exciting games of ball were played on the 
delta, Fast- Day. In the morning a team of '98 men 
defeated a picked nine by a score of 18 to 15. In 
the afternoon the Independents defeated the Invin- 
cibles 12 to 9, in a hotly-contested nine-inning game. 
Knowlton and Libby and Dewey and Haskell were 
the batteries. Good plays abounded on both sides, 
and considerable unknown material was brought to 
light. It is said several men lost all chances of 
playing on their Senior teams. 

The Maine Intercollegiate Athletic Association 
held a meeting at Hotel North at Augusta, Satur- 
day, April 13th. Bates College was admitted to 



membership. It was decided to hold the annual 
field day at Waterville, June 8th, and to buy a 
championship cup immediately after the meet. W. W. 
Robinson, of Bowdoin, resigned his position as secre- 
tary, and J. N. Haskell, of Bowdoin, was elected to 
fill the vacancy. The four colleges, Bowdoin, Bates, 
Colby, and Maine State will send teams to compete, 
and interest is high. 

Robert C. Winthrop, Jr., of Boston, has presented 
our library with a fine lot of books. They are about 
four hundred in number, and were a part of the 
private library of Hon. Robert C. Winthrop, an hon- 
orary graduate of Bowdoin, who has recently died. 
Among them are some valuable historical works, 
eleven volumes of the Museo Borbonico, The Har- 
vard Book in two large volumes, two editions of 
Shakespeare, and others. Several of them are pre- 
sentation copies and most of them contain Mr. 
Winthrop's autograph. 

In accordance with the new regulations, the fol- 
lowing have been appointed to prepare commence- 
ment parts, which are to be handed to the Presi- 
dent by May 15th, and from which six will be 
selected for delivery: A. G. Axtell, F. W. Blair, E. 
T. Boyd, B. L. Bryant, L. S. Dewey, F. L. Fessen- 
den, Gr. H. D. Foster, L. C. Hatch, H. E. Holmes, 
W. S. A. Kimball, C. E. D. Lord, E. S. Lovejoy, G-. 
B. Mayo, H. A. Moore, R. T. Parker, J. B. Roberts, 
J. S. French, G. E. Simpson, F. 0. Small, H. P. 
Small, P. D. Stubbs, H. W. Thayer, G. C. Webber, 
E. R. Woodbury. 

The '68 prize speaking took place in Memorial 
Hall on the evening of April 4th. There was a good- 
sized audience, and the speaking was excellent. 
The programme was as follows: 

Will the Pulpit Survive ? 

*Ernest Roliston Woodbury, Castine. 
Realism and Romance. Allen Leon Churchill, Houlton. 
Lessons from the Centuries. 

George Curtis Webber, Auburn. 
The Poetry of the Dawn. 

Harvey Waterman Thayer, Gray. 
The Social Problem. Guy Bennett Mayo, Smethport, Pa. 
Seventy Years of Liberty and Union. 

Louis Clinton Hatch, Bangor. 
♦Excused. 

The prize was awarded to Guy Bennett Mayo, and 
the judges were Dr. Mason and Barrett Potter, 
Esq., of Brunswick, and Dr. Gerrish of Portland. 

A mass-meeting of the students was held in 
lower Memorial, April 24th, to consider the matter 
of the proposed quarter-mile cinder track and ath- 
letic field. Dr. Whittier was present and addressed 
the meeting, speaking of the needs and advantages 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



13 



of such a track, and of the plans already made. 
Kimball, '95, Doberty, '95, and others spoke, and 
much enthusiasm was manifested. It was voted 
tbat the atbletic committee appoint a committee of 
five, representing Faculty, Alumni, and Students, 
to take the whole matter in charge and push it 
through to completion. Dr. Whittier has been 
selected to represent the Faculty, and Crawford, 
'95, and Minot, '96, to represent the student body. 
Two members to represent the Alumui are yet to be 
selected. The committee are already busy, and 
funds are being collected to begin work at once. 
The question of a site is an important one to be 
settled. The subject of the track is discussed at 
length elsewhere in this issue. With a little mani- 
festation of enthusiasm and energy Bowdoin men 
will soon have an athletic field that will enable the 
college to add much to its good record in all 
branches of college sports. 



BASE-BALL. 
Portland, 17 ; Bowdoin, 1. 
The active base-ball season of '95 opened on the 
delta, Tuesday afternoon, April 23d, with a game 
between the college nine and the Portland League 
team. It was only a practice game, to be sure, but 
the practice resulted much the more satisfactorily to 
the league men. Neither team was in good condi- 
tion, and Bowdoin's fielding was very loose. Each 
team tried three pitchers in the box. The following 
detailed score tells the story : 

PORTLAND. 

A.E. K. IB. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Slater, 2b., 4 2 2 2 6 1 

Spill, s.s 4 1 2 3 1 1 

Leighton, c.f 5 

Goodhart, c, 11) 5 2 1 1 10 1 

Gannon, r.f., p 3 3 1 

Magoon, 3b 5 2 2 3 1 3 1 

MoManus, lb., c 4 3 6 

Demill, U., 5 3 2 3 3 

Ashe, p., r.f., 5 1 1 2 1 

Daniels, p 1 

Totals 40 17 10 14 27 9 1 

BOWDOIN. 

A.B. K. IB. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Fairbanks, 3b., .... 4 1 2 2 3 3 1 

Hull, l.f., 3 1 

Perkins, 2b 2 1 1 3 1 3 

Haines, r.f., c., .... 3 1 3 

Coburn, c.f., 3 4 

Wilson, c, r.f., .... 3 2 1 

Leighton, s.s., .... 3 2 2 1 1 

Willard, lb., 3 9 2 

Lovejoy, p 1 1 1 

Harris, p., 1 2 1 

Bodge, p 1 1 

Totals, 27 1 5 5 24 9 12 



SCORE BY INNINGS. 

123456789 

Portland 75002120 x— 17 

Bowdoin, ....10000000 0—1 
Two-base hits — Spill, Magoon, Deniill and Ashe. Base 
on balls— Slater 2, Spill 2, Leighton, Goodhart, Gannon, 
MoManus, Hull and Perkins. Hit by pitched balls — Gan- 
non 2. Double plays— Spill and MoManus, Spill, Slater 
and McManus, and Perkins and Willard. Time, 2 hours. 
Attendance, 300. Umpire, Mr. Kelley of Lewiston. 

Lewiston, 9 ; Bowdoin, 4. 
Wednesday, April 24th, our nine met the Lewis- 
ton league team on the delta, and put up a game 
that was a very refreshing contrast to the exhibition 
of the previous day. The fielding was much more 
sharp and steady, and the batting was harder and 
more timely. The most noticeable weakness was 
careless base running, and this cost several runs. 
The pitching and batting of Mains was a feature of 
Lewiston's work. Bodge did effective work in the box, 
and Coburn's star catch won much applause. Fair- 
banks and Leighton did good work, and most of 
the new men showed marked improvement. The 
detailed score follows: 

LEWISTON. 

A.B. R. IB. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Flack, l.f., 3b., .... 4 1 1 1 2 1 1 

Pattee, 2b., 5 6 1 

Jack, r.f 3 1 1 

Lehane, lb., 4 1 1 1 3 

Slattery, c.f 4 1 1 1 3 1 2 

Bradley, s.s 3 1 1 1 1 1 2 

Burke, c, 3 2 2 3 7 

Quinlan, 3b., c 4 1 4 2 

Mains, p., l.f 4 1 4 5 8 

Viau, p., 1 5 

Totals, 35 9 10 12 27 18 6 

BOWDOIN. 

A.B. R. IB. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Fairbanks, 3b., .... 5 1 2 2 3 1 1 

Hull, l.f., 4 1 1 1 1 

Perkins, 2b 4 1 2 2 

Haines, c, 2 1 1 3 

Coburn, c.f 4 2 2 1 1 

Harris, r.f., 4 1 1 1 

Leighton, s.s 4 1 1 2 3 4 1 

Willard, lb., 4 1 1 8 

Bodge, p 2 1 1 2 1 5 

Toothaker, p 2 1 

Wilson, c, 2 3 1 

Totals, 37 4 10 12 24 15 5 

SCORE BY INNINGS. 

123456789 

Lewiston 22302000 x— 9 

Bowdoin, ....10100100 1—4 
Two-base hits — Burke, Mains, Leighton and Bodge. 
Bases on balls — Flack and Bradley. Hit by pitched ball 
— Jack. Struck out — by Mains 7, by Viau 2, by Bodge 3. 
Passed balls — Wilson 2, Haines. Wild pitch— Bodge. 
Double plays — Slattery unassisted; Bradley, Pattee and 
Lehane. Time, 1 h. 50 m. Umpire, Mr. Kelley of Lew- 
iston. 

Portland, 11; Bowdoin, 3. 

On Fast-Day, April 25th, Bowdoin played the 
Portland league team in Portland before nearly 
3,000 people. The college team made a better 



14 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



showing than in the first game, but still did not 
have a true pennant-winning pace. Both Bodge 
and Harris did well as pitchers and held the league 
batters down in fine style. Bowdoin's fielding 
errors were frequent and costly. Leighton led at 
the bat. The detailed score follows : 
PORTLAND. 

A.B. R. IB. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Slater, lb 3 4 1 1 7 1 

Spill, s.s 4 2 3 1 1 

Leighton, c.f., .... 5 3 2 2 1 

Lauder, 2b 6 1 2 3 2 3 1 

Goodhart, c, 4 1 1 1 4 1 

McMatms, c 2 1 1 2 1 

Demill, l.f., 3 

Magoon, 3b 4 1 1 3 

Gray, 3b., 1 1 2 

Mann, r.f., 4 2 

Ashe, p., 2 1 

Hannifin, p 2 

Gannon, p., 1 1 

Daniels, p., 0^0 

Totals, 40 11 8 9 27 9 3 

BOWDOIN. 

A.B. B. IB. T,B. P.O. A. E. 

Fairbanks, 3b 4 1 1 1 3 1 

Hull, l.f 3 2 1 1 

Perkins, 2b 4 1 1 4 1 

Leighton, s.s 4 2 3 2 4 2 

Haines, c, r.f 4 1 1 5 2 

Coburn,c.f. 4 1 1 1 

Williard, lb., ....4 012 4 

Bodge, p 1 2 4 

Harris, p., r.f 4 10 

Wilson, c., 2 1 1 1 J5 _0 J) 

Totals, 34 3 7 8 27 15 12 

SCORE BY INNINGS. 

123456789 
Portlands, ...31042001 0-11 
Bowdoins, ...10000002 0-3 
Earned runs— Portlands 1. Two-base hit— Lauder, W. 
Leighton. Sacrifice hit— J. Leighton. Stolen bases— Slater 
3, Lauder, Goodheart 2, Demill, Magoon 4, Hull, Haines, 
Coburn. Bases on balls— by Hannifin, Wilson; by Bodge, 
Slater, Spill 2, Demill, Mann; by Harris, Demill. Hit by 
pitched ball— by Ashe, Hull; by Bodge, Slater 2; by Har- 
ris, Gannon. First base on errors— Portlands 7, Bowdoins 
1. Passed balls— Haines 2. Wild pitch— Bodge, Harris. 
Struck out— by Ashe, Willard; by Daniels, Harris; by 
Bodge, Lauder, Magoon, Spill, Goodheart; by Harris, 
Gray, Mann 2. Time, 1 hour 50 minutes. Umpire, James 
E. Hassett. 

Bowdoin, 6 ; Boston College, 1. 
On Saturday, April 28th, our nine played its 
fourth game of the week, defeating the Boston 
College team 6 to 1. The game was called in the 
seventh, that the visitors might catch the Boston 
boat at Bath. Bowdoin put up a star fielding game, 



its three errors all being on very hard chances. 
The batting was timely but not hard. Leighton 
accepted nine chances at short without an error. 
Dane was tried at second and did well. Harris 
pitched a most satisfactory game, and the visitors 
could not get hits when they were needed. The 
detailed score : 

BOWDOIN. 

A.B. R. lb. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Fairbanks, 3b. 3 2 1 1 1 1 

Leighton, s.s., .... 4 1 7 2 

Coburn, c.f., 3 1 1 1 

Bodge, lb 3 1 1 1 8 

Hull, l.f 3 1 1 1 1 

Perkins, r.f 3 1 

Dane, 2b., 2 ,1 2 1-0 

Wilson, c 3 3 2 

Harris, p 3 1 1 8 

Totals 27 6 5 5 21 14 3 

BOSTON COLLEGE. 

A.B. R. IB. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Bergin, 3b., ...... 4 1 1 1 4 1 

Kerrins, lb., . .... 4 2 2 G 

McDermod, c 3 2 1 1 

Walsh, 2b 3 2 2 3 

Murphy, l.f., 3 1 2 1 

Hartz, s.s., 3 1 1 2 1 4 

Farrel, c.f 3 1 1 1 1 

Wefers, r.f., 3 1 1 1 

O'Brien, p. 2 5 

Totals 28 1 7 8 18 10 10 

SCORE BT INNINGS. 

12 3 4 5 6 7 

Bowdoin 1 1 1 3 x— 6 

Boston College, ... 1 0—1 
Two-base hit— Murphy. Passed ball — McDermod. 
Wild pitch— Harris. Base on balls— Fairbanks, Dane, 
O'Brien. Struck out— by Harris 4, by O'Brien 1 . Double 
play— Hartz, Walsh, and Kerrins. Time— 1 h. 15m. 
Umpire — Merrill. 

FIELD AND TRACK. 

It is indeed a pleasure to note the interest which 
the candidates for the Athletic Team are showing 
in their work. This is as it should be, and though 
there is room for more men and more enthusiasm, 
we may rest content with the knowledge that 
honest work is being done and that certainly some 
amount of success will be the result. 

The training for the team is not the most 
attractive and alluring work, rather it is to the 
contrary. Day after day the men must go out and 
do their proper and needful work, and rarely, if 
ever, are they encouraged by the cheering of their 
college mates. It is certainly monotonous, but on 
the other hand the reward is great. The pleasure 
for their pains comes in the full consciousness of 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



15 



work well done, and the knowledge that in this one 
way, through this one channel, they have helped 
to make the name of their Alma Mater even fairer 
in the close scrutiny of the outer college world. 
So, when the training seems to become almost too 
hard, and through a small fissure in our armor of cour- 
age and hope, a bacillus of discouragement and even 
of despair creeps in, " take a brace "—as it were — and 
be fully assured that all this hard labor and denied 
pleasures are equipping you not only for some one 
athletic event but ftjr the life struggle which has 
need of all possible fortitude, strength, and skill- 
Remember that the whole college body, Faculty and 
students, and our patriotic graduates are with you 
heart and hand, and that your success means more 
than a medal won or a record made. 

The appended list of candidates is doubtless 
inaccurate and incomplete, but at this stage of the 
season this must be pardoned. 

100- Yards Dash. 

Doberty, J. S. French, Andrews, Kyes, Murphy, 
McMillan, White, '97, Kendall, Stanwood, Moulton. 
220-Yakds Dash. 

Knowlton, Doherty, Shaw, Andrews, Home, 
Pierce, '98, Stetson, '98. 

440- Yards Dash. 

Doherty, Wiley, Shaw, Kyes, Murphy, Booker, 
Sbordon, Stetson, '98, Kendall, Stanwood. 
One-Half Mile. 

P)umstead,Ordway, Booker, Hall, Bisbee, Fierce, 

'98, Moulton. 

Mile Run. 

Soule, '95, Oakes, Ordway, Fogg, C. G., Bass, 

Smith, '97, Lamb, Bisbee, Wiggin. 

Two-Mile Run. 

Soule, '95, Bass, Hall. 

Mile Walk. 

Fogg, C. G., Bradbury, Warren, '96, French, '97, 

Petteugill. 

220-Yards Hurdle. 

Doherty, Lord, '95, Shaw, Home, Kendall. 

120-Yards Hurdle. 

Lord, '95, Horne. 

High Jump. 
Borden, Bates, Smith, Kendall, Stanwood. 

Broad Jump. 
J. S. French, Lord, '95. 

Pole Vault. 
W. S. A. Kimball, Bates, Haskell, Smith, McMil- 
lan, Stanwood, Minott. 



16-Pound Shot. 
G. L. Kimball, Bates, Baker, Stone, White, '97 
W. W. Spear. 

16-Pound Hammer. 
G. L. Kimball, Bates, Baker, Stone, Worthing, 
White, '97, W. W. Spear. 

Two-Mile Bicycle. 
Colby, Stearns, Mclntire. 



The Thursday evening meetings will be led by 
members of the Senior Class for the remainder of 
this term. 

Mr. Eddy, one of the traveling secretaries for the 
Students' Volunteer Movement for Missions, will 
visit our Y. M. C. A. on May 4th and 5th. Mr. Eddy 
is a graduate of Yale, '92, and is deferring his prep- 
aration for work in India that he may deliver his 
message to college students. He will probably 
address the Y. M. C. A. Sunday afternoon, May 5th. 
He is an interesting speaker, and all should come 
to hear him. 

The Y. M. C. A. committee for the ensuing year 
are as follows : 

Committee on Work for New Students— J. G. 
Haines, '97; H. M. Bisbee, '98; J. E. Rhodes, '97. 

Committee on Religious Meetings— H. 0. Clough, 
'9(5; J. G. Haines, '97; A. W. Blake, '98. 

Committee on Finance— A. P. Cook, '97; J. P. 
Russell, '97; E. T. Minott, '98. 

Committee on Intercollegiate Relations— C. C. 
Smith, '98; C. G. Fogg, '96; C. F. Kendall, '98. 

Committee on Missions— C. B. Lamb, '97; H. M. 
Bisbee, '98;. A. W. Blake, '98. 

Committee on Hand-Book— A. P. Cook, '97; J. E. 
Rhodes, '97; J. W. Hewitt, '97. 



"Alas! if I have been a servant at all I have 
been an unprofitable one; and yet I have loved 
gooduess, and longed to bring my imaginative poetic 
temperament into true subjection. I stand ashamed, 
and almost despairing, before holy and pure ideals. 
As I read the New Testament I feel how weak, 
irresolute and frail I am, and how little I can rely 
on anything save our God's mercy and infinite com- 
passion, which I reverently and thankfully own, 
have followed me through life, and the assurance 
of which is my sole ground of hope for myself, and 
for those I love and pray for." 

—J. G. Whittiek. 



16 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Professor Dana, who died a few weeks since, 
was an eminent scientist and a recognized authority. 
He was very conservative, and he was not inclined 
to accept the theory of evolution when it was first 
advanced by Darwin. Further study and research, 
however, not only convinced him of the probable 
truth of the theory, but enabled him to reconcile it 
with the account of creation in Genesis. The short 
chapter, in his Manual of Geology, devoted to Cos- 
mogony, is well worth reading by all who are inter- 
ested in the opinion of a conservative but able 
scientist. The chapter closes with these words : 

"The record in the Bible is, therefore, pro- 
foundly philosophical in the scheme of creation 
which it presents. It is both true and divine. It is 
a declaration of authorship, both of Creation, and 
the Bible, on the first page of the sacred volume. 
There can be no real conflict between the two Books 
of the Great Author. Both are revelations made by 
Him to Man, — the earlier telling of God-made har- 
monies, coming up from the deep past, and rising 
to their height when Man appeared ; the latter 
teaching Man's relations to his Maker and speaking 
of loftier harmonies in the eternal future." 




'25— Hon. J. W. Brad- 
bury, of Augusta, is plan- 
ning to visit Hon. Alpheus Felch, '27, 
at Ann Arbor, Mich., this summer. 
They were members of the United States 
Senate from 1847-53, and are the only 
survivors of that senate. It is interesting to note 
that both are Bowdoin men, and it goes to show 
that graduates from the old Maine College have 
healthy bodies as well as strong minds. 

'49.— Joseph Williamson, Esq., of Belfast, the 
well-known historian, has been working for some 
time on a bibliography of Maine, in which the 
names of all Maine authors and the titles of their 
works are to appear. While fugitive pieces in 
daily and weekly journals must of necessity be 
omitted, brief monographs, published essays, ser- 
mons, and memoirs will be included. It is under- 
stood that this book, which will be invaluable as a 
work of reference, is soon to be published. 



'52. — Gen. Joshua L. Chamberlain, of New York 
City, will deliver the address in Brunswick, on 
Memorial Day. All students remaining in town 
should not fail to hear this honored graduate. 

'57. — Bowdoin has lost another of her prominent 
sons, the Rev. Henry R. Howard, who died at 
Tullahoma, Tenn., on March 20th. He was born in 
Portland, Me., May 5, 1838, and was a son of Judge 
Howard, who was mayor of Portland at the time 
the Prince of Wales was in the city. He was 
graduated from Bowdoin in t9e Class of '57. After 
leaving college he became rector of the Episcopal 
Church, Hallowell, Me., and later at Potsdam, N. 
Y., and Nashville, Tenn. Mr. Howard received the 
degree S.T.D. from Saint Stephens College, N. Y. 
He was a leading Mason, having been Grand 
Master of the Grand Council of Tennessee. The 
body was brought to Portland for burial and was 
met at the station by Governor Cleaves, who was 
his kinsman, and a delegation of Masonic officers. 

'61. — Hon. C. B. Rounds has just closed his third 
term as judge of the municipal court of Calais, and 
now retires from that position. Mr. Rounds resigned 
the office of attorney for Washington County to 
accept this position about twelve years ago. In the 
former office he had been very successful, losing only 
three cases for seven years, and during the last four 
years that he acted as county attorney no iudict- 
ment was lost in any manner, and no case was carried 
to the law court. Such a record has never been sur- 
passed before or since in Washington County, and 
probably has never been equaled in this state. In 
his office as judge, he has tried and disposed of over 
5,500 cases, and out of that large number only four 
cases have been appealed and tried in the Supreme 
Judicial Court and in no case on exceptions to the law 
court or on appeal, have his judgments been over- 
ruled upon evidence such as appeared before him. 
These facts speak well for the care, ability, and 
judicial fitness of Judge Rounds for the important 
office he has filled. 

'62. — Frank R. Hill, the new secretary of the 
Massachusetts Board of Education, has just issued 
his first annual report. 

'63. — Rev. Newman Smyth has an article in the 
April Forum, entitled, "Suppression of the Lottery 
and Other Gambling." Dr. Smyth as president of 
the New Haven Law and Order League is carrying 
on a vigorous and successful crusade against the 
gamblers in that city. 

'75. — Rev. G. C. Cressy, Ph.D., has just published 
through the press of Geo. H. Ellis, Boston, an 
attractive little book called "The Essential Man; 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



17 



a Monograph on Personal Immortality in the Light 
of Reason." Mr. Cressy is now pastor of the famous 
old Unitarian Church of Salem, and has won a high 
name as an able writer on theological subjects. 

77._Dr. John F. Hill, Med. 77, and Judge J. A. 
Peters, Hon. '85, are being mentioned prominently 
among those who may be the nest Republican can- 
didate for Governor of Maine. 

'89. — James L. Doherty, who has been practicing 
law in Old Town, has moved to Springfield, Mass., 
instead of Pittsfield, as was stated in the last 
Orient. His new address is 34 Court Square The- 
atre Building, Springfield, Mass. 

'93.— George W. Shay, who has been studying 
law with Baker & Staples of Augusta, has gone to 
York, where he will teach a ten weeks' term of the 
High School. 

'94. — F. A. Frost is now on the staff of the 
Laivrcnce Daily Eagle. 




He wrote a verse on "Trilby," 

To keep up with the fad ; 
The editor declined it 
Because its feet were bad. — Ex. 

Joseph Jefferson's lecture at Harvard will prob- 
ably be given some time during May. 

The joint debate between Pennsylvania and 
Cornell at Philadelphia resulted in victory for Penn- 
sylvania. 

The jurisdiction of the athletic association at 
Johns Hopkins has been limited to tennis, indoor 
athletics, and track contests. 

MULTUM IN PAKVO. 

" One swallow does not make a summer," 
A long-forgotten poet sings, 
But I have seen a small grasshopper 
Make half a dozen springs. — Ex. 

Harvard's 'varsity crew, in training this season, 
will be given long walks of eight or ten miles, 
instead of runs as heretofore. 



A student excursion has been arranged by the 
University of Pennsylvania by which two months 
can be spent in England, Scotland, and Germany 
for $250. 

The Harvard Freshman base-ball team will play 
sixteen games, of which ten will be on the home 
grounds. They will have a training table from 
May 1st till the close of the season. 

The Tale-Harvard whist tournament will be 
held at Cambridge on May 22d. 

A Usurped Prerogative. 
The men in jokes no longer lose 
Their collar buttons, as of yore, 
But the modern maid with stiff shirt-waist 
Now gropes around on the dusty floor. 

— Vassar Miscellany. 

The students of St. Johns College, Shanghai, 
China, publish a paper printed in English. 

It has been finally decided that the University 
of California will send a team of athletes to the 
East this spring. All arrangements have been 
made, the money collected, and several of the men 
picked. Some of them have made first-rate per- 
formances, especially in the shorter distances. 

Mrs. Leland Stanford proposes to enlarge Stan- 
ford University to three times its present size. 
In April. 
All day the grass made my feet glad; 

I watched the bright life thrill 
To each leaf- tip and flower-lip: 

Swift winds that swept the hill, 
In garden nook, light lingering, shook 
The budding daffodil. 

I know not if the earth have kept 

Work-day or festival: 
The sparrow sings of nestling things, 

Blithely the robins call; 
And loud I hear, from marsh-pools near, 

The hylas at night-fall. 

— Wellesley Magazine. 

The student body at Vassar has voted to estab- 
lish an Athletic Association, and a committee has 
been appointed to draw up a constitution and by- 
laws. 

Nine students were recently expelled from the 
Illinois University for kidnapping some Freshmen 
and thus detaining them from a banquet. 

Tale is considering the advisability of giving up 
compulsory chapel. 

There are in the Tale Trophy Room forty-seven 
base-balls won in the games with Princeton, forty- 
six in games with Harvard, and fourteen in games 
with Pennsylvania. 



18 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



There are from 1,500 to 2,000 American students 
in France. 

New York City has $16,000,000 invested in 
school sites and buildings. 

He belonged to the Fifth Army Corps, 
And was just going out of the dorps, 
When a big iron weight 
Fell down on his peight; 
'Twas dreadful the way that he sworps. 

— Ex. 

Columbia boasts eighteen college publications. 

A gun club has been organized at Columbia 
College. 

Arithmetical notation by the nine digits and 
zero was used in Hindostan in the sixth century. 




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BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Vol. XXV. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, MAY 15, 1895. 



No. 2. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 

PUBLISHED EVERT ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY DURING 
THE COLLEGIATE YEAR BY THE STUDENTS 01" 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE. 



EDITORIAL BOARD. 

J. C. Minot, '96, Editor-in-Chief. 

C. W. Marston, '96, Assistant Editor-in-Chief. 

H. R. Blodgett, '96, Business Manager. 

G. T. Ordway, '96. H. H. Pierce, '96. 

H. Gilpatric, '96. R. S. Hagar, '97. 

P. P. Baxter, '98. T. L. Marble, '98. 

C. C. Smith, '98. 

Per annum, in advance $2.00. 

Single Copies 15 Cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Manager. 

Remittances should bo made to the Business Manager. Com. 
munications in regard to all other matters should he directed to 
the Editor-in-Chief. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Bowdoin Verse Department should be 
sent to Box 1155, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should be sent to Box 1091, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post -Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 
Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston. 

CONTENTS. 

Vol. XXV., No. 2.— May ID, 1895. 

Editorial Notes 19 

Molly 22 

The Ghostly Hand, 24 

Bowdoin Verse: 

The Freshman's Song of Spring 25 

Hero and Leander 25 

Colonel and I, 26 

Colleqii Tabula, 26 

Athletics, 28 

Y. M. C. A., 30 

Book Reviews, 31 

Personal, .31 

College World, 33 




The Orient would like to know: 

Any reason why all Bowdoin men should 
not read President Hyde's new book. 

If it is not time for evening concerts on 
the Art Building steps. 

Why it would not be a pretty custom for 
the Seniors to wear caps and gowns the last 
month or two of the spring term. 

Any good reason why quite a number of 
Bowdoin athletic records will not be broken 
this spring. 

Why Bowdoin men do not appreciate 
more the many beautiful walks in the imme- 
diate vicinity of the campus. 

What college has a more universally and 
deservedly popular Faculty than Bowdoin. 

What excuse there can be for cutting 
chapel this term. 

If it is true that no more stone ivy leaves, 
bearing the class numerals, will be allowed 
on the college buildings to mark the spot 
where each Junior class plants its ivy. 

Why the custom of a Sophomore prize 
debate shall not be made permanent, until 
from it spring public inter-class and college 
debates, and then Maine intercollegiate 
debates. 

Why more quiet and respectful behavior 
would not be much better than that which 
so often marks our attendance at chapel. 

When that trial is coming off. 



20 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



What series of assemblies has ever been 
more successful and enjoyable than that 
which we have had this year. 

Why those Freshmen don't brace up and 
show a little spunk and spirit in putting a 
crew on the river. 

And many more things, part of which 
will be mentioned later. 



T V7E rejoice in every evidence of alumni 
^■*- interest in our athletic work. Success 
in athletics now does so much to establish 
the standing of a college in public opinion, 
and to attract young men, that alumni can 
well afford to take a keen interest in a mat- 
ter of so much importance to their Alma 
Mater. They cannot but realize the change 
since their day, when, if it were very far in 
the past, athletics were a much less impor- 
tant phase of college life. Even if they 
sometimes grumble at the extent to which 
athletic interests are occasionally carried, 
they are nevertheless pleased at every con- 
test won by the representatives of their old 
college and chagrined when defeat is met. 
Thus the best of motives inspired our Boston 
alumni to send their recent spirited com- 
munication concerning base-ball, and we 
think the student body appreciated the situ- 
ation and received it in the same spirit in 
which it was sent. The inauspicious opening 
of our base-ball season and the two defeats 
of our Massachusetts trip, have not been a 
source of pride to the students any more 
than to the Boston alumni, but we feel sure 
the latter are much mistaken in the reasons 
they assign for our defeats. Some of these 
reasons may have been true of the past, but 
not of the present. Yet the suggestions of 
the communication are good, and it is help- 
ful to know they keep so close a watch over 
our teams. We trust they are equally 
mindful of the work we have done and are 
doing in other branches of athletics, as foot- 
ball, tennis, field and track sports, and row- 



ing. Our base-ball team this year is weaker 
than usual, weaker than it ought to be, yet 
to strengthen it in the manner in which so 
many college teams are made strong, to use 
the means used by so many colleges in win- 
ning victories, would not, we are sure, meet 
the approval of our alumni in Boston or 
elsewhere, while to strengthen it by more 
legitimate methods is a slower and less sure 
task. It may not be modest to parade our 
virtues, but the Orient claims that Bow- 
doin's record in athletics is a pure and clean 
one, that no just charge of professionalism 
or semi-professionalism can be brought 
against members of our base-ball or other 
teams, that no man is paid or otherwise 
"induced" to come here to take part in athlet- 
ics, and that we are prouder to receive defeats 
with our present team, honestly composed 
of Bowdoin students, than we should be to 
win victories with a team composed as are 
so many of the so-called college teams whom 
we meet. Other colleges promise " scholar- 
ships" to athletes, make them "presents," 
see that their tuition or room or board does 
not cost them any money, and in various 
other ways attract athletes from fitting 
schools, and hire them to play on the college 
team. Bowdoin does not indulge in any 
such methods, and many athletes who have 
vainly sought for such inducements here 
have, in the past few years, gone to other 
colleges. To this, more than to any other 
cause, the present relative weakness of our 
college in base-ball is due. If our Boston 
alumni wish us to strengthen our team in 
the way our opponents often do, one 
course is open to them; a course, however, 
which we think they will refuse to take. In 
"'93, we wish also to remind our Boston 
alumni, our team won the Maine champion- 
ship ; and last year, not being in the league, 
it won five victories, and met but two de- 
feats, among the strong Massachusetts teams. 
This year we certainly made a poor begin- 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



21 



ning, but in spite of the serious handicap 
mentioned above, we feel confident our team 
will yet give a good account of itself before 
the close of the season. In behalf of the 
college the Orient thanks our Boston 
alumni for their deep interest in our athletic 
welfare as expressed in their letter. It 
would be a vast help to us if closer relations 
existed between alumni and students con- 
cerning our athletics. Other colleges get 
great benefit from the oversight of graduate 
committees, and the resulting moral and 
financial support. Bowdoin should profit by 
their example. Perhaps if the alumni were 
asked once in a while, instead of not at all, 
to contribute money to the support of our ath- 
letic interests, it would arouse their enthu- 
siasm and bring about the desired closer 
relations. An opportunity in this line is 
given them, now that we are trying to build 
an athletic field, and we trust the alumni 
will prove equal to the occasion. 



TN connection with the work on a college 
*• paper nothing is more pleasant and bene- 
ficial than the perusal of our exchanges as 
they arrive issue after issue. We are thus 
brought into contact, as it were, with many 
scores of educational institutions, large and 
small, all over the continent, learning much 
about them, their lines of thought and work, 
their sports, and the general life of their stu- 
dents. We thoroughly appreciate all our many 
exchanges, and hope the Orient is as wel- 
come to their sanctums as is each one of our 
visitors to ours. Some years ago, when ex- 
changes were fewer and college editors ap- 
parently had more time than now at their 
disposal, the exchange department was con- 
ducted in a different manner than it is now. 
Now it is filled, in nearly all college papers 
as well as the Orient, with bits of borrowed 
verse and items of general interest to the 
college world, but then it was filled with 
comments, eulogistic or condemnatory, of 



articles in exchanges, or of happenings in 
other colleges, often leading to sharp contro- 
versy between editors, and making the depart- 
ment a medium of communication between 
them. While this might have been helpful 
and interesting to the editors, it made the 
department of little interest to the readers. 
Now it would be an endless task to say the 
many kind words we gladly would of our 
individual exchanges, or to follow up the 
quarrels that would surely arise if a start 
were made in the line of adverse criticism 
wherever it is needed. But we wish the stu- 
dent body might get more benefit from our 
exchanges than is now possible. With the 
exception of a few on the Orient staff no 
student reads, or knows anything about, the 
scores of publications we receive, so ably 
representative of the colleges and universi- 
ties of the country. It would be a pleasure 
and benefit to us all to have a more inti- 
mate knowledge of our sister colleges of New 
England and the East, to say nothing of the 
more distant seats of higher education in the 
West and South. It would make iis broader 
in our views and more truly college men, and 
at the same time increase our loyalty to our 
own college. Since the Orient was deprived 
of its office, on the remodeling of Maine Hall, 
there has been no suitable place where our 
exchanges could be kept on file, easily acces- 
sible to all students. There seems to be no 
room in the reading-room or library, and the 
prospect for a general office or headquarters 
for the Orient is still dim indeed. We hope 
some place may be arranged soon, so that all 
in college can enjoy the Orient's exchanges. 
In the meantime we ask all to feel free in 
examining them in the rooms of the exchange 
editor or the editor-in-chief. 



TIRE the Freshmen dead or sleeping, that 
/ A they do not buy their shell and put their 
crew on the river in preparation for the 
annual class race? The Sophomore crew is 



22 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



hard at work, and '98 will be the laughing- 
stock of the college if it does not manifest 
more spirit and energy. There is no excuse 
for the delay that is proving fatal to their 
athletic standing and their good name as a 
class in Bowdoin. 



TITHE annual meeting and banquet of the 
A New England Intercollegiate Press Asso- 
ciation will be held at Worcester, on the 
evening of May 18th. The Orient has 
received a kind invitation to send delegates, 
but will probably not be represented this 
year. This association is an influential organ- 
ization, and is of much benefit to the college 
papers belonging to it. 



TTTHE Orient has been favored with a copy 
-*■ of the advance sheets of the '96 Bugle, 

and can assure the many who are anxiously 
awaiting its appearance that our college 
annual this year will be of an unusually high 
standard of excellence. The volume is much 
the largest that has ever appeared; it has 
many original features, and all the usual 
departments are strengthened. The Bugle 
is now in the hands of the binders, and will 
be ready for distribution in a few days. 



Molly. 

PEALS of girlish laughter resound in the 
morning air. The artist, amazed at this 
abrupt reminder of civilization, starts invol- 
untarily to his feet, and, in his alacrity, 
overturns the easel before him, thereby 
causing sad havoc among his brushes, pencils, 
and other artistic paraphernalia. As he 
stands, unmindful of the destruction his 
impulsive haste has wrought, he suddenly 
becomes aware that a remarkably pretty, 
if rather saucy -looking, representative of 
humanity is regarding him with evident 
amusement. Yet before the bashful youth 
can regain his self-possession, this fairy-like 
maiden murmurs an inaudible excuse, and, 



followed by a huge mastiff — her sole com- 
panion — immediately disappears from view. 
The next instant, the shy and timid artist, 
Rorie Adell, is engaged in pursuing a fleeting 
vision of loveliness. 

It is the latter part of April. Peeping 
from beneath the snow, fast melting in the 
morning sun, are tiny patches of grass, 
whose brilliant color of green produces the 
sharpest contrast with the bleak surround- 
ings. In the distance, the lofty mountains 
of the Presidential Range stand like grim 
sentinels, guarding Mother Nature in her 
winter's sleep. But the beauties of land- 
scape are lost to our impulsive artist: he 
beholds but one object — the Daphne of his 
Apollo-like pursuit. Yet it is extremely 
doubtful if the god of mythological repute 
was more bewildered at the transformation 
of the coquettish nymph than was the insig- 
nificant Rorie when, overtaking the object of 
his chase, the young lady turns a pair of 
mild blue eyes upon him, as if demanding 
an explanation of his intrusion. Confused, 
as he undoubtedly is, the peculiarity of 
her expression — half defiant, half playful — 
strikes Rorie, even then, as strangely familiar. 

Suddenly his thoughts go back to those 
merry days of college life when he, the law- 
less sophomore, was the spoiled pet of a 
neighboring "fern, sem." He recalls the 
lavish banquets, unknown to "prex" or 
faculty; he remembers the merry maidens of 
the seminary, who, with their quaint beauty 
and bewitching smiles, won the tender heart 
of many a susceptible youth; and, oddly 
enough, he beholds, as in a vision, the romp- 
ing, fearless, fun-loving Molly. She had 
been his companion in the many adventures 
that college life is heir to, until, detected one 
fatal evening in the act of entertaining the 
young ladies of the seminary at a midnight 
symposium, she had been unceremoniously 
expelled. 

For an instant Rorie stands gazing at the 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



23 



girl, as if unwilling to believe the evidence 
of his eyes, then he exclaims: "By Jove! 
It is Molly." 

At this the girl, unable longer to control 
her features, laughs merrily. 

"Oh, Rorie!" she says, after greeting 
the comrade of her school days, "Oh, Rorie! 
you'll be the death of me." 

" Judging from your laughter," the young 
man replies, "I have not a doubt of it." 
Then after a slight pause, he continues, "So 
this is the mountain home whose beauty you 
were so fond of extolling in the days of 
'auld lang syne.'" 

Thus, at her side Rorie wanders on, all 
unconscious of his neglected and half-finished 
sketch, which the vision of the beauteous 
Molly has completely obliterated from his 
mind. At length the mountain path termi- 
nates, and he beholds, situated in the center 
of the broad and level expanse below, the 
summer residence of his fair companion. 

There is little need of mentioning that 
the days which followed were more often 
devoted to Mollie than to the pursuance of 
Rone's chosen profession. They walked, 
sailed, and drove together. All scenes of 
picturesque and historic interest were visited 
in their woodland rambles, for the most 
secluded glen of the remotest mountain was 
not unknown to Molly. All too quickly 
the days passed, and Rorie still remained 
entranced by the blue eyes and golden hair 
of this bewitching maiden. 

It was now the first of May — a day 
destined to be long remembered by the 
inhabitants of this romantic summer resort. 
Rorie, mounted on his fiery steed — a spirited 
animal obtained from the village livery 
stable — patiently awaits the appearance of 
Molly. She arrives erelong, and together 
they ride away at a terrific pace equaled 
only by Molly's buoyant spirits. The morn- 
ing is warm and delightful ; the sky clear, 
save for a few fleecy clouds floating lazily 



and aimlessly about. In truth, it afterward 
seemed that fickle and inconstant Fate had 
decked Mother Earth in her most gorgeous 
apparel, the better to deceive deluded mor- 
tals. 

An hour's ride along a rough bridle path 
brings Rorie and his companion to a deep 
ravine, where, as Molly confidently asserts, 
grow the choicest May-flowers. High walls 
of stone hem in the gorge, and huge boulders, 
projecting from the cliff above, seem each 
moment about to fall to the ravine below. 
Rorie, first entering the ravine, rides on in 
advance, when a low murmuring, not unlike 
the rumble of distant thunder, is borne to 
his ears. He hears a sharp cry of warning 
from Molly; as in a dream, he beholds an 
enormous boulder crashing along the brink of 
the ledge above; his horse, turning, plunges 
violently forward, and the next instant, 
impelled by the approaching rock, horse 
and rider are hurled to the earth. What 
follows seems to Rorie, ever after, a con- 
fused nightmare. Louder and louder grows 
the distant rumbling, and, though in a state 
of semi-consciousness, he becomes aware 
that Mollie is bending over him. 

Crash ! 

The entire mountain trembles beneath 
them. Hearing Molly's agonized shriek, 
" A land-slide ! Quick, Rorie, for our lives ! " 
he realizes how devotedly he has learned to 
love this girl, and would willingly sacrifice 
his life for her. Gladly would he rescue 
her from impending Fate; crushed and 
mangled, he lies helpless. " Leave me," he 
cries, " while there is yet time for escape." 

It is not a time for false pride, and the 
girl urges him to make an effort for her sake. 
With almost hurculean energy, she assists 
him to the saddle of her mare, Zephyr, for 
Rorie's horse lies stunned by his fall. With 
all possible haste, she mounts behind him, 
and, giving loose rein to the mare, urges 
her onward, bearing her double burden from 



24 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



the jaws of Death. Once during that race 
for life, consciousness returning, Rorie knows 
that this frail girl is supporting his almost 
lifeless body with strength quite super- 
human. 

On sweeps the avalanche, bearing to a 
horrible death all creatures in its path. How 
unavailing is human power to check its 
swift descent! With every nerve strained 
to its utmost tension, the fleet Zephyr 
springs forward, obeying the command of 
her young mistress. Down the steep mount- 
ain path she flies, undaunted by the streams 
and boulders which blockade her way. 
Onward, over bridge and mossy bank, she 
speeds, until there remains but one long 
hill, sloping gradually to the level meadow 
below. The land-slide, as though borne on 
Death's swift pinions, is almost upon them. 
Even now masses of ice and stone fall 
thick and fast, heralding its dreaded approach. 
Molly, breathing a prayer to Heaven, raises 
her whip and strikes the mare with quick 
and cutting blows. Zephyr, unused to this 
cruel treatment from the hand of the gentle 
Molly, rushes onward with renewed vigor. 
Down the path she flees, understanding, 
with almost human instinct, that on her 
speed depends the fate of her fair mistress. 
The avalanche is close upon them : an instant 
more and they will be swept to the earth, 
bruised and mangled. With a terrific burst 
of speed the mare has gained the meadow. 
On, on she flies, nor pauses till safe from the 
land-slide's fury. The next moment this 
seething mass of earth and snow descends 
crashing to the plain. 

The rest is briefly related. Thanks to 
the ministration of tender and loving hands, 
Rorie soon recovers from the disastrous effects 
of his adventure, and when some months 
later he returns to his city home, he is 
accompanied by his fair young bride, Molly. 
A tiny streak on the side of a far distant 
mountain, even now, can be plainly descried 



from the little summer resort in which all 
this took place. It resembles a huge ledge, 
or bank of snow unmelted by the summer 
sun. Many tourists conjecture with respect 
to its strange appearance, yet few have 
heard the story of the land-slide, or take the 
trouble to visit this remote spot and observe 
its path. 

The Ghostly Hand. 

0N the eve before Thanksgiving, in the 
year 1881, we were seated around a 
blazing fire in the broad open fire-place; 
father, mother, my two brothers, three sisters, 
and that personage who was at that time 
engaged in shaping the destinies and mould- 
ing the educational character of the rising 
generation, to wit, the schoolmarm. I was 
half-sitting, half-lying, against mother's lap, 
listening to their talk as it drifted from one 
thing to another, and finally they spoke of 
the next day, when all people were to render 
thanks to God for His goodness and mercy 
to them. 

"And that reminds me," said father. 
"Come, Frank, you hold the lantern for me, 
so I can get those turkeys; they are quiet by 
this time and I can get them without any 
trouble." 

I at once lighted the lantern and we 
started for the barn. I was ahead, and as 
we entered the great barn, I could not help 
feeling queerly. There came over me a 
strange sensation of something, I knew not 
what, and had not father been with me, I 
should have started post-haste for the house. 

We passed down the long barn floor, our 
bodies casting grotesque shadows on the 
great mows of hay, and our heights almost 
equaling Gulliver's " sixty -footers." Down 
by the horse-stalls, until we came to the 
sjieep-pen. Leading along one side of this, 
and connecting the two barns, was a walk 
about five feet wide and seven feet from the 
floor below. As I stepped on to this walk 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



25 



and looked down, I noticed that the sheep 
were huddled together at the lower end of 
the shed, and almost involuntarily I flashed 
my light down to see what the trouble was. 
The sight I saw I can never forget; perhaps 
it was not very blood-curdling; perhaps the 
reader may smile when I tell what I saw ; 
perhaps it wasn't worth getting scared at; 
but the impression it made on my youthful 
mind can never be effaced. Directly under- 
neath me was a man's hand grasping a 
sheep's leg. Had I seen his whole body I 
should not have been so badly frightened, 
but there appeared to be something weird, 
something ghostly and uncanny, about his 
long bony fingers, and innumerable ghost- 
stories and visions of grave-yards flashed 
across my mind. I had just sense enough 
left to run to the house, call my brothers, 
and fall fainting on the lounge. 

When I came to, my first words were: 
"Have they got him?" 

" Hush ! don't speak so loud," said mother. 
"He will hear you. They have bound him 
in the other room, and have gone after an 
officer." 

When the officer came they found out 
that they had captured an old offender, 
wanted for crimes in several States. He said 
he had become hungry, and thought he would 
■take a sheep to his camp, back in the woods, 
for his Thanksgiving dinner. He was taken 
to jail, tried, and is now paying for his mut- 
ton in the State's prison. 

Thus ended the episode in which I played 
so fleeting a part. But for years afterwards 
I did not dare go to that barn alone after 
dark. And often in my sleep I would cry 
out, thinking I saw a ghostly hand about to 
grasp me. 



The celebrated Hasty Pudding Club of Harvard 
was one hundred years old last winter. During 
commencement week a most elaborate centennial 
will be observed. 



Sowdoii? ^)ep§e. 

The Freshman's Song of Spring. 

Now vanished are the wintry snows; 

The robins joyous sing, 
And gently now the zephyr blows, 

For this is gladsome spring. 

All Nature's decked in colors gay, 

And mortals now are glad — 
The Freshman groans in blank dismay, 

For he alone is sad. 

The floods descend upon his head; 

His life is damp and drear; 
His timid soul is filled with dread; — 

Yes, merry spring is here. 



Hero and Leander. 

Leander was a young gallant, 
Who once did woo, they say, 

Fair Hero, maid of beauty rare, 
In quite a novel way. 

Upon each night at dusk, 'tis told, 

It was Leander's whim 
To leap into the foaming deep, 

The Hellespont to swim. 

He braved the perils of the sea 
Without a sigh or moan ; 

He knew that on the sandy beach 
His Hero pined alone. 

When they'd caressed each other lon£ 

As only lovers may, 
He'd dash again into the main, 

And homeward swim away. 

But in the wild tempestuous sea, 
Where breakers roar aud bound, 

Upon one dark aud gloomy night 
This noble lad was drowned. 

Leander's corse poor Hero found 
Upon the beach next day, 

And with one last despairing cry 
She plunged into the spray. 

No more, upon the sandy shore, 
They shall again meander — 

Such, the fate of the lovers true, 
Hero and Leander. 



26 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Colonel and I. 

Come, Colonel, fill your briar up ; 
Come, sit before tbe fire, 
And, as tbe coal burns lower down, 
Our smoke goes curling higher. 

Tobacco is a solace dear 
That conquers care and sorrow; 
A satisfaction warms within 
Nor troubles o'er the morrow. 

We do not wish for tedious talk, 
For far more eloquent 
To friend and friend the soothing puffs 
Go curling outward sent. 

No studious care shall touch us here, 
No mirth or ill-timed joke — 
We look each otherward and feel 
The sympathy of smoke. 

My college friend, you are a friend 
That's very dear to me, 
The very smoke seems pleasanter 
When that I smoke with thee. 

So, though the wind hold rout without, 
Around our own bright fire 
We sit and watch the fragrant rings 
Go higher, ever higher. 

A college friend, a briar pipe, 
An arm-chair, and a fire, 
The silence still your heart will fill 
The while the smoke goes higher. 




The May number of the Amer- 
ican University Magazine has an illus- 
trated article on the Bowdoin Alumni 
Association of New York. This mag- 
azine is rapidly developing and is 
winning high favor. The May number has many 
articles of interest to all college men. 
Magnificent moonlight nights. 
Four weeks more before Ivy Day. 



Memorial Day is our next holiday. 

Dudley, '95, has returned to college. 

The Bugle will appear in a few days. 

Baldwin, '93, was in town last week. 

Sunday trips to the coast are popular. 

Lord, '97, presides over the reading-room. 

Hicks, '95, returned to college last Sunday. 

Z * is holding a society tennis tournament. 

Dennison, '95, came back about a week ago. 

Summer temperature was reached last week. 

Sub-Freshmen are numerous on the campus this 
term. 

Manson, '81, was calling on friends in college 
recently. 

C. M. Brown, '96, expects to return to college 
next fall. 

The Freshman Class has much good tennis 
material. 

The Seniors and Juniors have begun to practice 
marching. 

Eames, '98, has been added to the list of victims 
of the mumps. 

Andrews, '96, was sick at home the first three 
weeks of the term. 

The Freshman nine will play Hebroo Academy, 
at Hebron, May 29th. 

Professor MacDonald resumed his work with 
his classes May 6th. 

C. G. Fogg, '96, was one of the mumps victims, 
but returned May 9th. 

French, '97, returned last week after a long- 
illness of typhoid fever. 

Badger, '95, returned May 9th after a three 
weeks' illness with the mumps. 

The members of A K E are wearing tasty Eton 
caps, made up in their fraternity colors. 

Scott, '98, was welcomed back last week, upon 
his recovery from quite a long illness. 

Bowdoin men will anxiously await the news 
from Worcester next Saturday evening. 

Arbor Day coming on Friday, many improved 
the occasion to pass a few days at home. 

Tennis is the game just now, and all of the 
dozen courts are occupied most of the time. 

Peaks, '96, recovered from his sickness so as to 
get back to college on Monday, the 6th inst. 

Swan, ex- '96, is teaching in the Westbrook High 
School. He hopes to return to college next fall. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



27 



Frost, '96, is teaching in the Eliot High School. 

Lord, '95, has been coaching the Thornton 
Academy boys for the Maiue Interscholastic Field 
Day. 

Crittenden, M. S., was called to his home in 
Haverhill recently by the sudden death of his 
mother. 

The classes in English Literature had several 
adjourns last week while Professor Chapman was 
in Bangor. 

Marston, '96, is at home and will not join his 
class this term. He spent several days on the 
campus recently. 

"Where will you spend the vacation?" and 
"What will you do this summer?" are already 
getting to be common questions. 

Several of the members of the Faculty have 
succumbed to the popular passion for wheeling and 
the number is increasing steadily. 

A party of students went to Bath a week ago 
last Monday night to hear Robert Ingersoll lecture 
on " What Shall I Do to be Saved?" 

Chapel at 8.20 this term makes the mornings 
seem long. Many say they would rather have 
chapel at 7.40, the usual hour in the spring term. 

Max Nordau's book on "Degeneration" is one 
of the books which has recently been purchased by 
the library. Another is " A Primer of Evolution." 
At a meeting of the Reading-Room Association 
last week, the following officers were elected for the 
ensuing year : President, Blodgett ; Manager, Lord 
'97; Directors, Ordway, Libby, Pierce. 

There was a dance given in the court room on 
May 7th, for the benefit of the High School base-ball 
team. Quite a number of college boys were pres- 
ent and they unite in reporting a most enjoyable 
time. 

Many of the students spent Arbor Day away. 
In addition to this holiday the Freshmen had an 
unusual number of adjourns last week. So some 
went home early in the week, to return not until 
Monday. 

The following '96 men have been appointed to 
take part in the Junior prize speaking, Monday 
evening, June 17th : Bates, Clough, Dane, Gil- 
patric, Knight, Kyes, Libby, Minot, Small, Ward, 
and Willard. 

The subject for the Pray English Prize competi- 
tion this year is '"Villainy in Shakespeare as 
Depicted in the characters of Shylock, Macbeth, 



Richard III., Edmund, and Iago." The articles 
are due June 1st. 

It is claimed the hydrant water is now pure 
H 2 0, and fit to drink, but it is very difficult to live 
down old prejudices, and look upon it as anything 
but an instrument of certain death if used for 
drinking purposes. 

Professor Little meets all who wish to be pres- 
ent, every Monday evening at the library, for a 
short talk about new books or subjects connected 
with them. A week ago last Monday night the 
subject was "Jingoism"; last Monday, "Maps of 
Maine." 

Quite a number of the students are to assist in 
the "Frogs of Windham" entertainment, which is 
to be given this week. Among them are: Dewey, 
Ordway, Willard, Coggan, Remick, Warren, '97, 
White, '97, and Hamilton. 

Five hundred and sixty-one books were taken 
from the library during April ; this gives an aver- 
age of nineteen a day. On the 6th of the month 
seventy books went out. So about three hundred 
more books were loaned during March than during 
April. 

Professor Woodruff and Professor Houghton 
have been in Boston the past week attending the 
meeting of the Commission of New England Col- 
leges on Entrance Examinations. So there were 
no Latin or Greek recitations from Wednesday till 
Monday. 

The Glee and Banjo Clubs are to give a concert 
on Wednesday, the 15th, for the benefit of track 
athletics. Considering the use to which the money 
is to be put and that most of us have not even yet 
heard the entertainment, the college ought cer- 
tainly to be well represented. 

A feature of the Arbor- Day holiday was the 
morning game on the delta between the Independ- 
ents and the Archangels. The former proved 
victorious, 14 to 3. The batteries were Knowlton 
and Libby, Shaw and Hornc. A triple play was a 
feature of the Independents' fielding. 

The second themes which the Sophomores are 
to write this term will be due May 16th. These 
are the subjects: " Arctic Expeditions: What Aid 
Have They Rendered to Civilization?" "A Pleas- 
ant and Profitable Way of Spending a Half Holi- 
day; " " What is Bowdoin's Most Urgent Need?" 

The trees are getting well leaved out now; 
grass of a deep green tinge carpets the campus; 
the clip of the lawn-mower is heard, and straw hats 
are in order. While tennis is still as attractive as 



28 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



ever, the shady depths of the forest are also allur- 
ing, and one is well repaid for time spent in these 
rambles. 

The fourth and last Junior Assembly was held on 
Thursday, the 2d, at the Town Hall. There was a 
greater than usual number of young ladies from 
out of town, and this is thought to have been one 
of the best of a very pleasant series. '96 is to be 
congratulated upon the success which has attended 
these assemblies. 



/fftleties. 

BASE-BALL. 

Tufts, 16; Bowdoin, 8. 

April 30th Bowdoin played Tufts at College 

Hill, the first game of the season outside the state. 

Tufts had revenge for its defeats by Bowdoin in 

recent years. Bowdoin played ball in the second 

inning and then got listless and careless, both at the 

bat and in the field. The detailed score follows: 

BOWDOIN. 

A.E. R. IB. P.O. A. E. 

Fairbanks, 3b., 2 1 1 3 3 1 

Leighton, s.s., 5 1 2 3 1 

Coburn, c.f. 4 1 1 1 

Bodge, p., 5 1 1 4 1 

Hull, l.f 4 2 1 

Haines, r.f., 3 1 1 1 1 

Dane, 2b., 5 1 1 1 4 2 

Wilson, c, 4 1 7 3 1 

Willard, lb 5 1 2 12 3 

Totals, 37 S 9 27 18 10 

TUFTS. 

A.E. R. IB. P.O. A. E. 

Corridan, s.s., 5 3 3 2 6 1 

Foss, c 4 2 6 1 1 

Johnston, p 5 2 2 2 1 

Maguire, lb., 4 1 111 

Smith, l.f 5 1 2 1 

Pierce, 2b., 5 2 4 3 

Richardson, 3b 4 1 1 3 1 1 

Holbrooke, c.f., 4 2 1 

Ray, r.f., 3 2 

Totals, 39 1G 10 27 13 4 

SCORE BY INNINGS. 

123456789 

Bowdoin 08000000 0—8 

Tufts 60302200 3—16 

Two-base hits — Corridan, Smith, Dane, Haines. Sac- 
rifice hits— Foss, Ray. First base on balls— by Bodge 9, 
by Johnston 7. Passed balls — Wilson 2. Struck out— by 
Bodge 6, by Johnston 3. Double plays — Corridan, Pierce, 



Maguire; Leighton, Dane, Willard. Umpire— Nason of 
Boston University. Time— 2 h. 15 m. 

Andover, 23 ; Bowdoin, 6. 

The next day, May 1st, the Bowdoin boys played 

at Andover and suffered an even worse defeat, after 

a game that was far from being creditable to our 

team. The detailed score follows: 

BOWDOIN. 

A.B. R. IB. P.O. A. E. 

Fairbanks, 3b., 4 1 3 3 3 

Leighton, s.s., 5 1 1 2 1 

Coburn, c.f., 4 1 3 2 

Bodge, p 

Harris, p., 4 1 3 3 1 

Hull, l.f., 5 1 2 1 

Haines, r.f 3 1 2 

Dane, 2b., 3 2 1 5 

Wilson, c, 3 1 1 4 2 

Willard, lb 4 1 2 9 1 3 

Totals, 35 6 9 24 16 13 

ANDOVER. 

A.B. R. IB. P.O. A. E. 

Drew, c 5 3 3 9 1 1 

Boston, lb., 6 3 1 5 1 

Sedgwick, p 4 3 2 2 

Greenway, l.f 5 2 2 1 o 

Wardell, r.f 5 1 1 

Elliott, 3b. 5 3 3 2 

Dayton, c.f 4 3 1 1 

Davis, s.s., 4 3 2 6 2 2 

Harper, 2b., 5 2 1 2 1 1 

Totals, 41 23 16 24 8 5 

SCORE BY INNINGS. 

12345678 

Andover 707 3 220 2—23 

Bowdoin 4 1 1 0—6 

Three-base hit — Greenway. Two-base hit — Drew. 
First base on balls— Harris, Haines, Dane, Wilson, Coburn, 
Sedgwick, Greenway, Davis 2, Harper. Hit by pitched 
ball— Sedgwick, Wardell. Passed balls— Wilson 4. Wild 
pitches— Sedgwick, Harris 2. Struck out — by Sedgwick 
9, by Harris 3. Umpire — John Boones of Andover. 

M. G. I., 19; Bowdoin, 11. 
There is no need to tell the story of this game 
of May 4th. The Bowdoin nine put up the worst 
exhibition of ball seen on the delta for many years, 
and probably the worst that will be seen here in 
many years to come. Everybody had an off day, 
and it was simply a tragic comedy of errors. The 
Pittsfield boys won through no virtue of their own 
batting or fielding. The game was given them, and 
they could not help winning. Bodge and Fairbanks 
did the most creditable work for Bowdoin. The 
rain interfered with the game, and stopped it in the 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



29 



eighth inning. The detailed score gives an idea of 
the fun the visitors had: 

M. c. I. 

A.E. R. IB. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Furgerson, l.f 6 3 2 2 2 1 1 

Chadbouvn, 3b 6 1 1 2 2 1 

Graves, 2b., S.S., . ... 5 2 1 1 1 2 2 

Moore, c.f., 5 1 1 

Friend, lb., 5 2 8 1 

Tibbetts, r.f., .... 2 3 2 

Oroutt, s.s., 2b., .... 5 2 1 2 

Soiners, c 5 3 7 2 1 

Mildram, p., 5 2 1 1 1 10 

Totals, 44 19 5 6 24 17 7 

BOWDOIN. 

A.B. R. IB. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Fairbanks, r.f., 3b., ..5324412 

Leigbton, s.s., .... 5 2 1 2 1 2 9 

Coburn, c.f., 5 3 1 1 

Bodge, p 4 1 3 3 10 1 

Hull, l.f 4 1 1 1 

Willard, lb 4 1 1 9 3 

Dane, 2b 4 1 3 4 

Wilson, c 4 2 1 1 8 3 1 

Perkins, 3b., r.f., ... 4 00 1 2 

Totals, 39 11 10 13 24 20 22 

SCORE BY INNINGS. 

12345678 

M. C. 1 1 1 3 2 1 4 7—19 

Bowdoin, 32 002 12 1—11 

Two-base hits — Cbadbourn, Leighton. Three-base 
hit— Fairbanks. Passed balls— Wilson 5, Sornersl. Wild 
pitches — Bodge 2. Struck out — by Mildrarn 7, Bodge 7. 
Base on balls — Graves, Moore, Friend, Tibbetts. Hit by 
pitched ball — Tibbetts 2. Double play — Fairbanks, Wil- 
lard. Time — 2h. Umpire— Kelley of Lewiston. Attend- 
ance— 200. 

Bowdoin, '55, 17 ; Leivislon High School, 4. 

The Lewiston High School team was easily 
defeated by the Bowdoin Freshmen on the college 
diamond Wednesday afternoon, May 8th. The 
score was 17 to 4, and the Freshmen outplayed 
their visitors at every point. Lewiston got but 
three hits off Stetson and Stanwood. The detailed 
score follows : 

BOWDOIN, '98. 

A.B. R. IB. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Moulton, l.f 6 3 2 2 2 

Perkins, 3b., 6 5 2 2 2 2 

Wilson, c, 5 2 2 2 C 3 1 

Sargent, s.s., 4 1 2 2 2 1 

Stanwood, r.f., p 5 1 1 1 4 5 

Knight, c.f. 6 1 1 1 3 1 

Hunt, 2b 5 1 1 4 

Stetson, p., r.f., .... 6 1 2 2 1 1 2 

Gould, lb 3 3 5 1 

Totals 46 17 13 13 27 13 6 



LEWISTON HIGH SCHOOL. 

A.B. R. lb. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

McCarthy, l.f 5 2 1 1 1 2 

Minnehan, s.s 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 

Murphy, 2b., 5 6 8 2 

Lowe, lb .3 10 1 2 

Joyce, 3b., 2 1 2 4 

Grant, c.f., 4 1 1 1 

Shea, p., 4 1 6 1 

Oliver, c, 3 1 5 2 

Kelliher, r.f., 2 2 1 

Totals, .... 29 4 3 3 27 21 13 

SCORE BY INNINGS. 

123456789 
Bowdoin, '98, ..4 3 202010 5—17 
Lewiston H. S., . 1 3 0— 4 
Passed balls— Wilson 4, Oliver 3. Bases on balls — 
Sargent 2, Hunt, Gould 3, Minnehan, Lowe 2, Joyce 2, 
Oliver, Kelliher 2. Hit by pitched ball — Wilson, Stan- 
wood. Struck out — by Stetson 2, by Stanwood 2, Shea 3. 
Time — 2 h. 10 m. Umpire — Libby. 

Bowdoin, 10; Kent's Sill, 6. 
Arbor Day, May 10th, the Bowdoin nine went 
to Kent's Hill and defeated the strong seminary 
nine of that place 10 to G. Our boys put up a good 
game except in the third inning, when loose fielding 
proved costly. Bodge pitched a fine game through- 
out. Lufkin, of the Kent's Hill team, held our 
bitters down well. Harris was tried at second and 
short for the first time and did sharp work. The 
detailed score : 

BOWDOIN. 

A.B. R. B.H. P.O. A. E. 

Fairbanks, 3b., 3 1 1 1 1 

Leighton, s.s., 2 2 1 

Wilson, r.f., 3 

Coburn, c.f 5 1 1 2 

Bodge, p 4 1 2 4 1 

Hull, l.f., 3 2 2 1 1 

Willard, lb., 4 1 9 1 

Dane, r.f., 2b., .'....5 2 2 1 3 

Harris, 2b., s.s 5 1 1 3 2 

Haines, c 4 1 10 2 2 

Totals 38 10 8 27 15 6 

KENT'S HILL. 

A.B. R. B.H. P.O. A. E. 

Roderick, lb., 4 1 10 3 1 

Gould, 3b., 3 1 

Tyler, 2b., 4 2 1 2 1 

Lufkin, p., 4 2 6 1 

Jones, s.s., 4 2 2 2 

Sinclair, r.f., 4 1 

White, c 3 1 9 4 2 

Crafts, c.f 3 1 1 

Farwell, l.f., 3 1 1 2 

Totals, 32 6 2 27 15 10 



30 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 






Bowdoin, . 
Kent's Hill, 



123456789 
20015002 0—10 
00501000 0—6 



Double plays— Roderick and White, Bodge, Dane and 
Willard. ' Struck out— by Lufkin 9, by Bodge 12. Hit by 
pitched ball— Farwell, Fairbanks. Earned run— Bowdoin. 
Bases on balls— by Lufkin 5, by Bodge 5. Two-base hit- 
Bodge. Passed balls — White 3. Umpire — Bennett. 
Time— 2h. 15m. 

THE WORCESTER MEET. 
The entries for the annual field day of the New 
England Intercollegiate Association at Worcester, 
Mass., May 18th, have closed and have been an- 
nounced. The University of Vermont is the only 
one in the ten colleges in the Association which has 
failed to enter a team. The list of entries is larger 
than ever before, and the meeting promises to be 
the most successful in the history of the Associa- 
tion. The Bowdoin list is not large, but it contains 
some men who will be heard from next Saturday. 
We expect our team to make a good showing, and 
bring back every possible point. The most con- 
servative estimate of any Bowdoin man places our 
number of points above that won last year, when 
we won six points and ranked sixth among the 
ten colleges. How much better we can do it is 
impossible to tell, but our hopes are high. Follow- 
ing are the Bowdoin entries: 

100-yard dash— D. B. McMillan. 

220-yard dash— T. V. Doherty, J. G. Knowlton. 

440-yard dash— C. F. Kendall. 

880-yard dash— H. M. Bisbee, L. F. Soule. 

Two-mile run— L. F. Soule. 

120-yard hurdle— J. H. Home, C. B. D. Lord. 

220-yard hurdle— J. H. Home. 

One-mile walk— M. Warren, C. S. Pettingill. 

Two-mile bicycle— F. A. Stearns. 

Pole vault— F. B. Smith, E. T. Mmott, J. N. Haskell. 

High jump— C. B. Borden. 

Broad jump— J. S. French. 

Throwing 10-pound hammer— J. H. Bates, G. L. Kimball. 

Putting 16-pound shot-G. L. Kimball, J. H. Bates. 

TENNIS. 
The annual college tennis tournament is now 
under way, playing having begun last Wednesday. 
There were 38 entries in singles and 20 in doubles, 
and interest is unusually high over the contest to 
win the college honors, and see who shall represent 
Bowdoin in the annual intercollegiate tournament 
in Portland the first of June. Our college lost its 
star players in the last graduating class, but it is 
evident that they have worthy successors in college 
who will still keep Bowdoin at the front in this 
popular branch of athletics. The tournament will 



probably not be completed until the last of next 
week. Interest in tennis is unusually high this 
spring, and all of the dozen or more clay courts 
are occupied most of the day. The Freshman 
Class has some good material. The following list 
of contestants and scores is the record of the tour- 
nament up to last Saturday night, all the prelim- 
inaries and part of the first round having been 

played then : 

SINGLES. 

Pulsifer vs. Pratt 6-4, 8-6 

Dane vs. Eastman, '96 13-11, 6-3 

Ives vs. Drake . . .6-3, 9-11, 6-4 

Webster vs. French, '95 6-1,6-2 

Dana, '98, vs. Soule, '96 6-1, 6-2 

W. W. Fogg vs. Fitz 6-4, 6-0 

Oakes vs. Warren, '97 7-5, 6-2 

Kyes vs. Coburn, 6-2, 6-3 

Ordway vs. Fessenden Forfeited. 

P. W. Davis vs. Stubbs, '95. . . . Forfeited. 

Littlefield vs. P. W. Davis. . . . 6-1, 6-1 

W. W. Spear vs. Leighton, '95. . . 6-3, 6-2 

W. S. A. Kimball vs. Warren, '96. . 6-4, 6-3 

Blair vs. Bandlette Forfeited. 

DOUBLES. 

Warren, '96, and Smith, '96, vs. ) g_g ^_g g_^ 

Ward and Ordway. J 

Dana, '98, and Ives vs. 1 », n_^ 

Warren, '97, and Andros. J 

Pulsifer and Pratt vs. ) jQ_g g_2 

Stubbs and Moore. J ' 

The Overman Wheel Company has donated a 
splendid Victor racquet as a prize in the tourna- 
ment. It is high grade in every way. 

Wright & Ditson have also donated a Sears 
Special, Horace Partridge an American Tate, and 
Owen, Moore & Co. a Bowdoin racquet, all to be 
given as prizes in the college tournament now 
going on. 



Mr. Eddy, who was expected to visit the Associa- 
tion on the fourth and fifth inst., was unable to 
come. The death of a near relative has made it 
necessary for him to cancel all engagements for the 
rest of the college year. 

Mr. Robinson, of the Colby graduating class, 
addressed the Association Sunday, the fifth inst. 
His subject was constancy as an essential element 
of Christian character. Many good thoughts, show- 
ing an intimate knowledge of college men and col- 
lege life, were brought forward. 

History teaches that the general current of 
thought in successive periods has a tendency to 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



31 



vacillate from one extreme to the other. In many 
respects this may be compared to a huge pendulum 
swinging constantly, but with uneven momentum. 
It is equally true of political, moral, and religious 
questions. In religion the vacillation is toward the 
side of emotion and enthusiasm, then back toward 
the side of rationalism and conservatism. At the 
present time it seems to be far over towards the 
side of reason, especially among college students. 
In the natural sciences there are many steps which 
have not yet been reasoned out; still the general 
truth of the sciences are not doubted. Some vital 
points have been proven beyond a doubt, and it is 
possible to fill in the gaps between these points by 
deductive reasoning. 

Is it too much to ask that the same method be 
applied to religion, which, because of its ethical 
and spiritual character, is far more difficult to 
reason out than any natural science? In other 
words, ought not faith as well as reason to be 
applied to religion? The greatest expounder of 
the gospels has written : " For by grace are ye saved 
through faith ; and that not of yourselves: it is the 
gift of God." 

Robert Browning, in a very beautiful stanza, has 
shown the necessity of uncertainty in order that 
faith may exist, and in the same stanza he has 
given expression to his own great faith and trust 
in God: 

"You must mix some uncertainty 

With faitli if you would have faith be. 

So long as there be just enough 

To pin my faith to, though it hap 

Only at points: from gap to gap, 

One bangs up a huge curtain so, 

Grandly, nor seeks to have it go 

Foldless and flat along the wall. 

What care I if some interval 

Of life less plainly may depend 

On God? I'd hang there to the end." 

In these days when so much is said about the 
"all-round man," the college student should see to 
it that his reason is not developed at the expense 
of his faith. Both faith and reasou must be devel- 
oped side by side iu order to preserve the equilib- 
rium of a strong, manly, Christian character. 



The Intercollegiate Lacrosse Association has 
decided to send a team to Canada this summer to 
compete with the large colleges and athletic clubs. 

The annual Intercollegiate field-day, between 
Stanford and California, was won by the latter by a 
score of 66 to 46. 



Book I^eviewg. 



(Burke's Speech on Conciliation with America, 
1775, and Webster's First Bunker Hill Oration, 
1825, with introduction and notes, by A. J. George, 
A.M. Published by D. C. Heath & Co., Boston. 
These are two neat little volumes of 98 and 34 
pages respectively, which have just been added to 
Heath's English classic series. Two most popular 
efforts of the two great representative orators of 
England and America are here reproduced in a very 
attractive manner, with helpful introductions and 
notes. For school use the edition is an ideal one, 
and these masterpieces of oratory ought to be 
familiar to every American school-boy. The vol- 
umes are sold for 30 and 20 cents respectively. 




41.— Reverend Richard B. 
Thurston died Sunday, April 14th, 
at Stamford, Conn. He was born in 
Charlestown, Mass., in 1819, and graduated 
from Bowdoin College, Class of 1841 ; from 
Bangor Seminary in 1846. His first charge was 
Waterville, Maine, where he remained until 1855. 
After that he had pastorates at Chicopee Falls, 
Waltham, Mass., Fairhaven, Greenwich, and Stam- 
ford, Conn. 

'54. — The appointment of Hon. Franklin A. Wil- 
son of Bangor, as a trustee of the Maine General 
Hospital, is one that will meet with general appro- 
bation. Mr. Wilson is one of the strongest men iu 
the state, and a man of rare experience and ability. 
The hospital is fortunate in securing him upon its 
board of trustees. 

'56.— Prof. Jonathan Y. Stanton, of Bates Col- 
lege, is giving a course of lectures on local birds to 
the school children of Lewiston. 

'60.— Gen. John M. Brown, of Portland, has 
returned from an extended trip in Southern Europe 
and India. 

'60.— Hon. William W. Thomas, Jr., delivered 



32 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



the oration at the annual Swedish May festival at 
the Auditorium in Chicago, last week. 

'64. — The commission for the promotion of uni- 
formity of legislation in the United States contains 
one well-known Bowdoin man. Hon. Charles F. 
Libby, of Portland, is one of the ablest lawyers at 
the Maine Bar. He was a member of the Senate 
iu 1889-90 and 1891-2, serving as President of that 
body the latter session, with distinguished ability 
and success. 

'65. — Joseph A. Locke, Past Grand High Priest, 
installed the Grand Officers at the Masonic Conven- 
tion in Portland, May 7th. 

76.— Prof. A. E. Rogers, of the Maine State 
College, has accepted an invitation to deliver the 
Memorial Day address at Bar Harbor. 

76. — The school committee of Belfast has voted 
to increase the salary of Superintendent Evans, 
from $1,000 to $1,200. 

77. — Most people are aware that there has been 
a political house cleaning in the Chicago munici- 
pality, and Mayor Swift has been swift to effect the 
purposes for which he was elected. The Chicago 
dailies have commented on the need of a strong 
man for corporation counsel and it seems that this 
appointment received much consideration from 
the mayor. On May 7th, however, he decided on a 
Bowdoin man for that place and the newspapers of 
that city concur that it was a good appointment. 
The Chicago Tribune says: William Gerrish Beale, 
the new corporation counsel, is the son of William 
and Lucinda Beale, and was born at Winthrop, 
Me., September 10, 1854. He was educated at 
Waterville Classical Institute, Hallowell Classical 
Academy, and Bowdoin College, the Class of 77. 
Immediately after he graduated he came to Chicago 
and became the principal of the Hyde Park High 
School. In the meanwhile he studied law, aud in 
1881 was admitted to the bar. For many years he 
has been a member of the firm of Isham, Lincoln 
& Beale and has been actively engaged iu many 
cases of importance. He was one of the attorneys 
in the last stages of the litigation on the estate of 
Walter L. Newberry, and in the great foreclosure 
suit of the Wabash, St. Louis and Pacific Railway 
Company before Judge Gresham. He at one time 
was president of the board of education and 
declined to be a member of the board for a second 
term. He is a member of the Chicago Union, 
Union League, Literary and Washington Park 
Clubs, and frequently has been an officer or director 
in them. 



'81. — Rev. A. G. Pettengill has received a call 
to the Unitarian Church at Hyde Park, Mass. 

'82.— Mayor Curtis, of Boston, will pass his 
summer atMerry-Meeting Cottage, Small Point, Me. 

'88. — Professor Larrabee, the retiring principal 
of Bridgton Academy, became principal there in 
the fall of 1893, at which time the school was in a 
critical condition. During his brief principalship 
of two years the attendance has increased over 
50 per cent. 

'90.— Thomas C. Spillane, Esq., acted as toast- 
master at the recent meeting of the Ancient Order 
of Foresters, in Lewiston. 

'91. — L. A. Burleigh, of Augusta, has been elected 
treasurer of the Kennebec Valley Base-Ball Asso- 
ciation, whose team is now cutting quite a figure in 
the New England Association. He evidently keeps 
up his interest in the sport in which he was so 
prominent while in college. 

'92. — Rev. H. W. Kimball has received a call to 
the Congregational Church at Skowhegan, Me. 

'94. — Emory H. Sykes is teaching in the Mitchell 
Boys' School at Billerica, Mass. 

'94. — A. J. Lord, now in Andover Theological 
Seminary, spends his Sundays in Boston and is con- 
nected with the work at Berkley Temple. He has 
organized two male quartettes, and Sunday after- 
noons they visit the various hospitals and sing to 
the patients. The work is a most excellent one and 
has proved a great comfort to many a sufferer. 

'94. — R. H. Baxter has been elected clerk of the 
Portland and Cape Elizabeth Ferry Co. 



R. L. Shape has been elected captain of the 
Cornell boat crew, which is to go to England this 
spring. There is a widespread interest in the crew, 
and the work it will do in the English race. 
Home. 
A man once sought around the world 

To find him sweet content— 
A spot of happiness supreme — 
And many years he spent 

In this long search. At length, 

Wearied and old, he woke one morn 
To find that spot of blessedness 

In the humble home where he was born. 

— University Courier. 
The University of Wisconsin had an enrollment 
during the past year of 1,529. 

Ground was broken, April 29th, for the founda- 
tions of the Butterfield Museum, and for the opening 
of the new quadrangle at Dartmouth. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



33 




Knowing the Ropes. 
The tight rope walker who essays 

To teach beginners, ought 
To bear in mind this simple fact — 
The rope must first be taut. 

— Trinity Tablet. 
Alpha Delta Phi at Tale, formerly a four-year 
society, has been admitted as a junior society. 

The preacher's a saint and the gambler's a sinner, 

Yet both are alike at the heart's inner core; 

When either you find quite content, be certain 

He held a full hoti.se but the evening before. 

— Brunoiuan. 
The University of Chicago enrolled I, Oil) stu- 
dents during the last quarter. This was an increase 
of 271 over the attendance of the autumn quarter 

of 1893. 

Sunt Geminae Somni Poktae. 

There are two gates of sleep — so sang of old 
The Mantnan bard of those deep-seeing eyes — 

This plainest horn, that ivory and gold; 
Yet thro' the first all truthful visions rise 

And all their promise and their hope unfold, 
While thro' the other pass deluding lies. 

In dreams I conned the future, fate, and fame; 

I woke ana sighed — I knew not whence they came. 
— Un'aersity Beacon. 

Vassal - has a collection of birds worth $30,000. 
It is said to be the largest and most valuable in the 
world. 

While in college he was " sporty," 

As an athlete, beat them all, 
Never found he any equal 

As a pitcher iu base-ball. 

He became a local preacher, 
Blessed his practice on the nine; 

All the people flocked to hear him 
His delivery was so fine. 

President Eliot of Harvard has returned from a 
four-months' trip abroad. The greater part of 
the time was spent in Egypt and in Italy. 

Ex-President Harrison will deliver a series of 
lectures before the law students of the University 
of Michigan. 



She was a fine girl, 
With hair all a-curl, 

Sweet dimples, a fairy-like foot, — 
But her lovers all fled, 
And when questioned, they said 

That she had a fine father to boot. 

— University Herald. 

According to a recent investigation of games, 
foot-ball was supposed to have been played as 
early as the eighth century by the Japanese, who 
considered it suitable for training soldiers. 





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BOWDOIN ORIENT. 




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BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Vol. XXV. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, MAY 29, 1895. 



No. 3. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 

PUBLISHED EVERY ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY DURING 
THE COLLEGIATE YEAR BY THE STUDENTS OF 

BOWDOIN .COLLEGE. 



EDITORIAL BOARD. 

J. C. Minot, '96, Editor-in-Chief. 

C. W. Marston, '96, Assistant Editor-in-Chief. 

H. R. Blodgett, '96, Business Manager. 

G. T. Ordway, '96. H. H. Pierce, '96. 

H. Gilpatric, '96. R. S. Hagar, '97. 

P. P. Baxter, '98. T. L. Marble, '98. 

C. C. Smith, '98. 

Per annum, in advance $2.00. 

Single Copies, 15 Cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Manager. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Manager. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should he directed to 
the Editor-in-Chief. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Bowdoin Verse Department should he 
sent to Box 1155, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should be sent to Box 1091, Brunswick, Me. 



Entered at the Post-Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mad Matter. 
Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston. 

CONTENTS. 

Vol. XXV., No. 3.— May 29, 1895. 

Editorial Notes, 35 

The Psi Upsilon Convention, 38 

The Alpha Delta Phi Convention 38 

The Lost Receipt, 39 

Bowdoin Verse: 

In Style, 40 

An Ode 40 

No Verdure There, 40 

The Fall of Phaethon, 40 

Out on the Foam, 41 

Collegii Tabula, 41 

Athletics, 43 

Y. M. C. A., 47 

Personal, 4S 

College "World, 50 




The next number of the Orient, as 
is the custom, will be the Ivy number, and 
consequently it will be a week later than 
usual. 



TTTHE Orient would like to know: 
-*■ What spot is more beautiful than the 
campus of old Bowdoin in June. 

What sound is more musical than the 
notes of the chapel bell after a victory. 

Where the sunsets are more beautiful 
than those we see here. 

If the croakers have anything to say 
against the work our team did at Worcester. 

If Bowdoin has not talent enough to 
produce and put on the stage an operetta of 
its own. 

Why Bowdoin students should not go in 
a body to Waterville, June 8th, and cheer 
our field and track athletes on to victory. 

Why more students do not avail them- 
selves of the privilege of calling often on 
the members of the Faculty. 

If a publication superior to the '96 Bugle 
has ever been issued by the student body of 
our college. 

If it would not be appropriate for Bow- 
doin, with so glorious a war record, to have 
some part in the observance of Memorial 
Day.. 

If something in the line of the debates 



36 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



to be had in the political economy class 
might not be profitably extended to other 
branches. 

If it is true that "dot leedle German 
band" applied in all seriousness for the job 
of furnishing music for the college commence- 
ment week. 

If it is best, all things considered, to have 
the college Field Day on the morning of Ivy 
Day, as has been proposed. 

How it would seem to drop back here 
during the summer and see the fair "school 
marms" of the summer school in possession 
of the Bowdoin campus. 

If our ball team cannot put on a winning 
pace now, and capture the remaining league 
games. 

And many more things, part of which will 
be mentioned later. 



TITHE '96 Bugle has appeared and has won 
-*■ the warmest woi-ds of praise from all 
who have seen it. It seems to be the uni- 
versal expression that Volume L. of our col- 
lege annual is the best that has yet appeared, 
and the Orient is very happy to congratu- 
late the Juniors on their marked success. 
The board of editors was carefully chosen 
and made truly representative of the best 
ability in the class, and all have been untir- 
ing in their efforts to make the '96 Bugle a 
model college annual, strengthened in every 
department, containing much of permanent 
value, and portraying truly the phases of 
college life at Bowdoin. Though the Bugle 
has many more pages than any of its predeces- 
sors, the editors have successfully attempted 
improvement in many other lines than that 
of mere enlargement. Many new features 
have been added, and the volume has an 
artistic finish, a balance between depart- 
ments, and a systematic and uniform arrange- 
ment that have been lacking in our previous 
annuals. It is of 228 pages, with 50 pages 
more of advertising, all in the back part, and 



is very prettily bound in crimson and silver 
gray, the class colors. The volume is dedi- 
cated to Prof. Henry Leland Chapman, D.D., 
the senior member of our Faculty, who so 
deservedly commands the love and respect 
of every Bowdoin man. An excellent half- 
tone portrait of Professor Chapman opens 
the volume, facing the illuminated frontis- 
piece. A group picture of '96 faces the pro- 
logue. The alumni department is opened 
with pictures of four of Bowdoin's famous 
sons, Hawthorne, '25, Longfellow, '25, Fuller, 
'53, and Reed, '60. Following is a picture 
and sketch of Rev. Elijah Kellogg, '40, whose 
modest and unpretentious life has been so 
full of noble and immortal work. The under- 
graduate and fraternity departments contain 
the usual cuts, histories and lists, unusually 
well arranged, and with numerous new feat- 
ures added that all will appreciate. One of 
the best of the score of half-tones in the book 
is that of a dozen of Bowdoin's athletic cups 
which introduces the department of athletics. 
This is an especially full and exhaustive 
record of the year's work in all lines of 
athletics, and has numerous pictures of nines, 
elevens, crews, teams, and squads. Natur- 
ally enough considerable attention is paid to 
the '96 drill squad, which has won the prize 
cup at three successive athletic exhibitions. 
The numerous literary and social events of 
the year are recorded next in a very attractive 
department. Under the head of miscellaneous 
organizations are grouped the many college 
organizations that cannot well be classified, 
and here the '94 *be men, the Glee Club, 
and the Bugle and Orient boards are immor- 
talized in flattering half-tones. Next is a new 
department that will prove of great perma- 
nent value, and the preparation of which has 
necessitated much laborious research. It is 
a record of the prize awards and popular 
honors since their establishment in the 
college. The literary department follows, 
opened with a sketch of Professor Chapman's 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



37 



life. An exhaustive history of foot-ball at 
Bowdoin, by Dr. Whittier, is a carefully pre- 
pared article of much historical value. This 
department also contains fifteen poems by 
members of the class, valuable tables of col- 
lege data, a dramatic sketch of especial inter- 
est to '97, copies of "The Bowdoin Roaster" 
and "Tbebathin Dependent" and many other 
productions of college wit and wisdom. The 
sparkling pages devoted to "Grinds" follow, 
and no doubt prove the most interesting part 
of the book to many. Few fail to receive 
attention here, but there is little to give 
offense or injure the feelings of the sensitive. 
The calendar which closes the volume is a 
very full record of college happenings for 
the past year, and as usual has much fun 
mixed in with its facts. From cover to cover 
there is system, accuracy, completeness, and 
a careful attention to each of the numberless 
details that go to bring the volume up to its 
high standard. Typographically the book is 
a triumph, and the Lakeside Press has left 
nothing to be desired in its part of the work. 
Bowdoin, as well as '96, has good reason to 
be proud of our latest annual. 



IT STRANGER who visited the college 
/ •*■ recently was, in common with all others, 
enthusiastic over our beautiful campus, and 
our magnificent new buildings, but he had 
one suggestion to make which the Orient 
thinks is worthy of careful consideration. 
He said: "How much fairer this would all 
be to me if I could see an American flag fly- 
ing somewhere on the campus. That would 
make this spot a perfectly ideal college home 
for American young men. I suppose, how- 
ever, it is 'Jingoism' in these days, to love 
the old flag and to wish to see it flying so 
that none may forget the great lessons it 
teaches." The visitor, who was well advanced 
in years, talked earnestly in this line and his 
words sank deep into the hearts of the two 



or three students who heard him. Why, 
indeed, should not the flag float over old 
Bowdoin's campus ? Are we above the need 
of the inspiration which the continual sight 
of the loved emblem of our country cannot 
but give? Is the recent flag-raising move- 
ment to be confined to the schools of a lower 
grade ? Where, in our State, can the nation's 
flag more fittingly float than over Memorial 
Hall, with its bronze tablets bearing the 
names of the three hundred Bowdoin men 
who fought to keep its stars undimmed and 
its stripes untarnished? It is a strange and 
unpleasant fact that there is no flag-staff 
here, and that the flag never flies on the 
campus, except with other bunting as a part 
of the decoration of Commencement week. 
Yet Bowdoin men are as patriotic as any 
equal number of Americans living. Perhaps 
it is feared that the sight of the flag would 
remind the college of the days when military 
drill was compulsory, or that, like the stone 
ivy leaves, it would not be an artistic orna- 
ment to the campus. If it is "Jingoism " to 
have a spirit of intense Americanism, to 
strongly love our flag, to have firm faith in 
its power and its future, and to have a desire 
to keep constantly in mind its grand signifi- 
cance and its glorious history, then the 
Orient pleads guilty to "Jingoism" of the 
most pronounced type. We wish the flag 
might float daily all through the year, either 
over Memorial, or from a flag-staff on the 
campus. A year or two ago Trinity College 
celebrated "Flag-day," with most imposing 
and elaborate ceremonies. A flag was raised 
on a very lofty campus staff, and the occasion 
was dignified by an oration, music, and im- 
pressive exercises. A song, written for the 
occasion by an alumnus, was sung by an 
immense chorus, and the event was a gala 
day for the college and its friends. Many 
other colleges keep the flag waving over their 
buildings or grounds, but the college of the 
whispering pines has no flag. Why not? 



38 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



The Psi Upsilon Convention. 
TITHE Sixty-Second Annual Convention of 
■*■ the Psi Upsilon Fraternity was held this 
year with the Psi Chapter, at Hamilton Col- 
lege, Clinton, N. Y., on May 8, 9, and 10. 
On the evening of Wednesday, the eighth, 
an informal reception and smoker was held 
at the Psi Upsilon House at Clinton. All 
of Thursday, as well as Friday morning, 
was occupied by business sessions in the 
"Stone Church," at Clinton. On Friday 
afternoon occurred the literary exercises, 
consisting of a prayer by Bishop Mallalieu, 
Wesleyan, '57; an address by Senator Hawley, 
Hamilton, '47, president of the day; an ora- 
tion by Edward W. Packard, D.D., Bowdoin, 
'62; and a poem by Dr. H. S. Durand, Yale, 
'81. The dinner, which concluded the con- 
vention, was held at the Butterfield in Utica, 
on Friday evening. Judge Albion W. Tour- 
gee\ Rochester, '62, acted as toast-master, 
and about one hundred and thirty Psi Upsi- 
lon men were present. The convention was 
most enjoyable and business of importance 
was transacted. Alfred Mitchell, Jr., '95, 
represented the Kappa. An elaborate ball 
which had been arranged for Thursday even- 
ing was necessarily given up on account of 
the very sad and untimely death of Profes- 
sor O'Brien, of Hamilton, who was chairman 
of the committee of arrangements for the 
convention. Next year the Fraternity will 
probably meet with the Phi Chapter at the 
University of Michigan. 



The Alpha Delta Phi Convention. 

TTFHE Sixty-Third Annual Convention of 
-*■ the Alpha Delta Phi Fraternity was 
held in New York City, May 17, 18, and 19, 
under the auspices of the Executive Council. 
Thursday morning, at -10 A.M., the con- 
vention was called to order by Clarence A. 
Seward, President of the Fraternity, at the 
Masonic Temple, 23d Street and 6th Avenue. 



The delegates representing the twenty-one 
chapters were in secret session until noon, 
and after a recess met again in the afternoon. 
At eight -thirty in the evening a reception 
was tendered the visiting delegates at the 
New York City Alpha Delta Phi club-house, 
by the alumni of the city and vicinity. 
Good music, songs, speeches, and a supper 
all combined to make the evening an enjoy- 
able one, and the delegates and their hosts 
did not leave the cozy club-house until a late 
hour. 

Many prominent Alpha Delts were pres- 
ent at the reception, among them Collin 
Armstrong, James C. Carter, Joseph H. 
Choate, Jefferson Clark, Everett P. Wheeler, 
Clarence A. Seward, Ellis H. Roberts, the 
Rev. Dr. Matson, Charles E. Sprague, and 
Robert S. Rudd. A similar reception was 
held the same evening at the rooms of the 
Manhattan Chapter, on 42cl Street, which 
many of the delegates attended. 

Friday, the convention resumed its busi- 
ness sittings at the Masonic Temple, presided 
over by President Seward at both the 
morning and afternoon sessions. The dinner 
at Delmonico's in the evening was one of 
the jolliest and most enjoyable of feasts. 
The industrious orchestra played whenever 
a chance to do so presented itself, which 
was not often, so close were the cheers from 
one college answered by responsive cheers 
from the other colleges, while the fraternity 
songs were all sung with a vim. 

It was not until nearly ten o'clock that 
Mr. Seward arose and made a brief address 
to the two hundred and fifty Alpha Delts 
assembled. When the gray-haired president 
of the fraternity arose from his chair he was 
saluted with a burst of cheers and applause 
which lasted for some minutes. Professor 
George B. Newcombe, of Williams College, 
spoke on "Alpha Delta Phi as a Social 
Influeuce;" Talcott Williams, of Philadel- 
phia, on Alpha Delta Phi as a Civic Influ- 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



39 



ence;" Charles L. Easton, of Chicago, 
" Our Western Brothers ; " Charles L. Colby, 
"The East is Still in Existence;" and the 
last speaker, W. L. Foss, of Baltimore, on 
" The East and West in Alpha Delta Phi — 
Extremes Meet." 

A great amount of business was trans- 
acted during the three convention days. 
The action of the Yale chapter in becom- 
ing a Junior Society was ratified by the 
convention. Nine applications for charters 
were received, but none were acted upon. 
The next convention will be held at Detroit, 
Mich., under the auspices of the Peninsula 
Chapter, which will then celebrate the 
fiftieth anniversary of the founding of that 
chapter. 

Bowdoin was represented by Horace C. 
Phinney, Warren L. Foss, and Albert S. 
Hutchinson, and from the under-graduate 
were present, John G. W. Knowlton, Joseph 
B. Roberts, '95, D. Weston Elliot and Will- 
iam F. White, '97, Arthur L. Hunt and 
Dwight R. Pennell, '98. 



The Lost Receipt. 

IN the fall of 1894 I was teaching school in 
a small town in Maine. My scholars 
ranged all the way from the young man with 
the ambitious mustache, and the young lady 
with society curls, to the tow-headed young- 
sters on the front seat. One of my largest 
scholars in particular attracted my attention. 
There seemed to be something different 
about her. Her refined and lady-like man- 
ner was in marked contrast to the behavior 
of her associates. In school, too, she was 
always industrious, of remarkably good schol- 
arship, always helping some one, and trying 
to influence the scholars to make it pleasant 
for me. Her name was Bessie Fentiman, 
and I learned that she was the only child of 
her widowed mother, and that they lived 
together in a pretty little house, which I 



passed morning and night to and from 
school. 

In a few weeks I called on them one 
evening, and found the home just as I 
expected to ; everything neat and cheerful, 
the mother a woman of middle age, her face 
tinged with sadness and yet lighted up with 
a smile, which showed that she had found a 
peace beyond that of earth. 

One afternoon, near the middle of the 
term, I was hearing the second class in geog- 
raphy. I had just asked the question, " What 
is the capital of Texas?" when looking up 
suddenly I saw Bessie wiping away a tear, 
and on watching her I saw that she was 
troubled, although attempting to appear 
cheerful. After school I contrived to detain 
her and inquired for the cause of her trouble. 
This is the story she told me; I will give it 
in her own words as nearly as I remember 
them. She said: 

"Mother and I will have to leave our 
home unless we find a certain receipt before 
next Saturday. Do you know Squire Whit- 
ney?" 

"Old Whitney, do you mean?" I asked. 
"At least that is all I have heard him called." 

"It's the same man," she replied. "Well, 
a number of years ago father hired money of 
him, and mortgaged to him everything he 
had in the world. By careful saving father 
was able to pay back the money, but he 
never took up the mortgage. He trusted the 
Squire, you know, and as long as he had the 
receipt it was all right. We have lost that 
receipt somewhere, and now the Squire is 
going to foreclose. 0, it is so hard to leave 
our clear home ! Mother says God will make 
it all right ; if it is His will that we should 
lose it, she is willing. But I can't think 
so; I can't think of giving up my dear old 
home." 

Here the poor girl broke down and wept 
as though she would die from grief. I tried 
to comfort her, by. telling her that they could 



40 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



probably find the receipt somewhere; that 
the Squire would not dare to foreclose after 
he had received pay for the mortgage. 

I found out, however, that he did dare to 
do it, for the next Saturday the mortgage 
was foreclosed, and everything they pos- 
sessed, except their trust in God, was put up 
at auction. I suppose the Squire would have 
put that up too, but not having any such 
trust himself, he did not consider it valuable. 

Although my heart ached for the poor 
widow and her daughter, I was unable to 
help them, but went to the auction, hoping 
that some help would come at . the last 
minute, that the receipt might be found, that 
the Squire might repent, or that something 
would happen. Nothing happened. Only in 
stories does it happen that a long-absent 
lover, or a sailor boy, or some one almost 
raised from the dead, appears just at the 
climax, and bids off everything. I was 
obliged to see everything disposed of to the 
highest bidder. However much people 
blamed the Squire for his action, they did 
not intend to let a chance for getting a good 
trade pass unimproved. Before the auction 
commenced the women crowded around 
everything in the house, feeling, squinting 
at, and even smelling of the household goods, 
in their eagerness to see if they were all 
right. I noticed two elderly ladies "examin- 
ing a silk table-scarf. One said, " Why, that's 
all silk, ain't it?" The other one replied, 
"I guess it be; such extravagance ! " 

Soon the auctioneer mounted his stool 
and announced that the auction was about 
to begin. Of the details of the auction I 
will not speak. The mother and her daugh- 
ter watched it all from a window. What 
thoughts must have come to their minds as 
they saw their possessions sold ! What mem- 
ories must hav.e been brought back as they 
saw the cradle in which the mother had 
rocked her dear child sold for fifty cents; 
the tools of the dead husband and father 



commented upon and sold to the highest 
bidder. 

I wished for the pocket-book of a Van- 
derbilt, but I was painfully aware that my 
cash in pocket amounted to very few dollars. 
Everything was sold. The widow and her 
daughter went to a neighbor's to stay until 
they could find quarters elsewhere. 

The thought came to me : Which is 
wealthier, the Squire with his ill-gotten gains, 
with no thought beyond to-day, or the widow 
and her daughter trusting and enjoying each 
other's love, and with the assurance of a 
larger life where receipts are not needed, 
nor mortgages foreclosed? Which one, O 
reader, is the wealthier? 



Bowdoir-) ^)ep§e. 

In Style. 

"O, the Vere de Veres are comme Ufaut," 

The artless maid relates, 
"I've heard it said by those who know 

That they dine from fashion plates." 



An Ode. 

' How well Jack gets along," said she, 
1 His income is quite trifling, though;" 
1 well," said Tom most guardedly, 
' He owes much to his friends, you know. 1 



No Verdure There. 

' What are grass widows, ma, I pray ? " 
Ten-year-old Tommy pleads, 
At once the lady answers, " They 
Are widows without weeds." 



The Fall of Phaethon. 

There lived, the legend runs, in days of old, 
When fiery steeds drew Phoebus' car of gold, 

Apollo's sou, a most presumptuous clown, 
Who, on one fatal day, conceived the thought 
Thro' skies to guide his father's chariot, 

And, by this daring deed, gain wide renown. 



B6WD0IN ORIENT. 



41 



Tho' Phcsbus feared to grant this bold request, 
The audacious youth so flattered and caressed 

His noble sire that leave was soon obtained. 
When in the purple east smiled early Dawn, 
Out from the palace gates drove Phaethon 

And o'er celestial ways his chargers reined. 

Too late the youth this direful deed did rue; 
The steeds their rash and unskilled driver knew; 
Departing from well-traversed routes they run, 
And in their frantic haste soon reach the land, 
When Earth prays Zeus to raise his mighty hand 
In vengeance for the dreadful outrage done. 

Unto this prayer the all-wise Father yields, 
And with his strong right hand the thunder wields. 

In vain does the son on great Phoebus call; 
Struck by a thunder-bolt, quicker thau thought, 
The driver is hurled from his chariot — 

Thus, runs the legend, did Phaethon fall. 



Out on the Foam. 

To A. F. H. 

Off and away, where the free winds are leaping, 
Out on the wild, bounding ocean to roam, 
Out where the swing of the surges is heaping 
The strength of the on-sweeping billows afoam. 

Off and away. Off and away. 
Out where the spirits are calling from far, 
Swift to reply to the flash of their smiling, 

Hasten, and do not delay. 

Out where the storm-bird is circling and wheeling 
Glad in the song of the gale and the wave, 
Rushing to meet the dark waters, and reeling 
Downward, the dash of the breakers to brave. 

Out in the strife. Out in the strife. 
Out in the swirl of the eddying flow, 
Flying before the swift blast of the tempest, 

Out where the tumult is rife. 

Pleasant it is when the shadows are falling, 
And the bright stars softly gleam from afar; 
When the still voice of the ocean is calling, 
Gently to float o'er the faint ripply bar. 

In with the tide. In with the tide. 
In with the glory of sunset's farewell, 
Drifting along in the glow of the twilight, 

Into the twilight to glide. 

Dark lie the waters save where the quick flashing 
Answers the heavens, the stars of the deep. 



Hushed every murmur, save where the low 

washing 
Of inflowing tide lulls the havens to sleep. 

Sweet dreams shall be. Sweet dreams shall be. 
Memories of pleasure, and vigor assured. 
Gentle and strong is the power that sustains us, 

Calm in security free. 




The pretty operetta "The Frogs 
of Windham," was most successfully 
presented by local talent at Town Hall 
on the evenings of May 16th and 17th, 
and was repeated in Bath, May 20th. 
Bowdoin was well represented in the cast. Willard, 
'96, who was to have a leading part, that of Uncas, 
the Mohegan chief, was taken sick two days before 
the presentation. It was a difficult task to fill his 
place, but Coggan, '97, proved equal to the occa- 
sion and proved a most capable substitute. In his 
first part of Elder White, Coggan also scored a 
decided hit. Warren, '97, as Lord Linwood, "the 
howling London swell," ably sustained an impor- 
tant part. His songs were features of the evening. 
Dewey, '95, as Sam Larrabee, the lover, won merited 
applause for his singing and acting. Mclntire, '98, 
as Lira Berger, Remick, '97, as Captain Follett, and 
Smith, '96, as Colonel Elderkin, left nothing to be 
desired. Among the Indians and soldiers Bowdoin 
was represented by Christie and Shaw, '95, Ordway, 
Libby, Coburu, and Ward, '96, Holmes, Stetson, 
and White. '97, and Stetson and Hamilton, '98. 
The hall was filled each evening and the public 
library will net quite a sum from the proceeds. 
Two- score of the Brunswick youug ladies were in 
the operetta, which accounts for its success and 
popularity. 

Two weeks before Ivy Day. 

Condon, '97, is out teaching. 

Hall, '98, is back after a short absence. 

Sewall, '97, has been at home for two weeks. 

Stackpole, '71, was on the campus last week. 

The '96 Bugle arrived for distribution May 23d. 



42 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



To row or not to row was the vital question last 
week. 

The Seniors have been enjoying many adjourns 
of late. 

Willard, '96, has been sick at home with the 
mumps. 

Many are planning to spend Memorial Day out 
of town. 

Chapman, '91, spent a few days in Brunswick 
recently. 

The Junior prize speakers are at work on their 
selections. 

Bliss, '94, was here a few days with friends 
recently. 

Spillane, '90, of Lewiston, came down to a re- 
cent ball game. 

Evening concerts are growiug more numerous as 
spring advances. 

Bates, '96, visited friends in New Haven after 
the Worcester meet. 

Chester C. Kent, Wesleyan, '97, visited friends 
in college last week. 

Now for the Maine Intercollegiate Field Day at 
Waterville, June 8th. 

Not easy work to devote our attention to study 
some of these afternoons. 

Baxter, '98, spent last week in the Moosehead 
region with a fishing party. 

The Gardiner carnival, last week, attracted 
quite a number of students. 

The chapel bell pealed out merrily when the 
news arrived from Worcester. 

The Junior mineralogists now spend considerable 
time in the Cleaveland cabinet. 

After starting in at a torrid clip May developed 
some decidedly frigid tendencies. 

Marshals Dewey and Stone are keeping their 
respective classes steadily at work. 

Editor Plummer, '87, of Bath, is on the campus 
frequently and seldom misses a ball game. 

The members of the Junior History division 
have 2,000 word themes to write this term. 

Professor Robinson is to be one of the lecturers 
for the summer school for teachers at Saco. 

May, '93,' stopped here a day on his way to Bos- 
ton. He is now in the Jefferson Medical College. 

The z ir tennis tournament is getting to be very 
interesting, as the closing games are being played. 



Photographer Reed already has quite a large 
and handsome collection of the '95 class pictures. 

That new electric light on the corner of Bath 
aud Harpswell Streets makes one part of the cam- 
pus much lighter than hitherto. 

Wheeler, special, has gone to North Conway, 
where he will serve as night operator for the Maine 
Central Railroad for the summer. 

Quite a number of Bowdoin students will go to 
Bangor Saturday to the annual Field Day of the 
Maine Interscholastic Athletic Association. 

At the meeting of the Ministers' Association of 
Maine, at Augusta, last Thursday, President Hyde 
presented a paper on "The Foundation of Belief." 

Fitz, '97, has won the prize of a suit of clothes 
offered by A. F. Hill & Co. of Portland to the Bow- 
doin student who should write the best ad. for them. 

Certain parties interested have sent the Orient 
the following communication, which is self-explan- 
atory : 

"Those rooming on the ground floor of South 
Maine Hall respectfully request the persons whose 
fortune it is to be situated on a higher level to cease 
utilizing the lower hall as a repository for general 



Many of the strangers who were disappointed in 
seeing the Bates game on the first day, took advan- 
tage of the opportunity to look over the college 
buildings. 

Woodbury, '95, got back to college on the 1 3th. 
He has been absent quite a while, having been 
principal of the high school in Denmark for the 
past term. 

The students in Political Economy, who are 
devoting the term to the tariff question, are plan- 
ning on several debates before the close of the term. 
The first one comes on Friday. 

The Waterville Mail takes to task those Colby 
students who might contribute to the college suc- 
cess in athletics and refuse to do so. More college 
spirit is good advice for all the Maine colleges. 

Plaisted, '94, has been here a few days on his 
way home from a winter in the South. He donned 
his old base-ball suit, and all were glad to see his 
familiar figure in the afternoon practice on the 
delta. 

Willard, '96, has been at his home in Newcastle, 
sick with the tonsilitis. He has also recently had 
an attack of the mumps. Wilson, '98, took his 
place on the ball team, and Coggan his part in 
"Frogs of Windham." 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



43 



Robert E. Lewis of Boston, secretary of the 
intercollegiate Y. M. C. A., is to address our asso- 
ciation on Wednesday evening of this week. This 
will take the place of the regular Thursday evening 
meeting. 

The more interesting games of the college 
tennis tournament have drawn many spectators 
during the past week or two. Several more courts 
have been fixed up, but, notwithstanding this, they 
are almost always well filled. 

The last themes of this year were due on Tues- 
day of this week. These are to be written by the 
Sophomores. The subjects are: "The Work of 
College Settlements in Our Large Cities;" "The 
American Associated Press ; Its Organization and 
Work;" "What Should Be the Purpose of the 
Novel ? " 

The Glee and Banjo Clubs, assisted by the col- 
lege orchestra, gave their long promised concert in 
Town Hall, May 23d. The club was weakened by 
the illness of Leader Willard, but gave a good i 
concert, nearly every number receiving deserved 
encores. A fair crowd was in attendance, and a 
good sum was cleared for the benefit of the Athletic 
Association. After the concert a social dance was 
enjoyed. 

The annual election of officers of the Bowdoin 
Republican Club was held last Friday afternoon. 
The following officers were elected : President, J. 
C. Minot, '96; Vice-Presidents, H. E. Griffin, '97, 
and A. P. Cook, '97; Secretary and Treasurer, H. 
R. Blodgett, '96; Corresponding Secretary, C. G. 
Fogg, '96; Executive Committee, the president and 
secretary ex officio, and W. S. Bass, '96, and Preston 
Kyes, '96. J. C. Minot, '96, is the Bowdoin repre- 
sentative on the executive committee of the New 
England division of the National College Repub- 
lican League. 

Much interest centers in the triangular base- 
ball league, recently formed within the college. 
The teams composing it are the Dewdrops, Arch- 
angels, and the Independents. Each has some 
good players, each some of questionable ability, and 
each a large supply of enthusiasm and numerous 
supporters. The games cannot fail to be exciting 
and interesting. The first game of the series was 
played Wednesday, May 22d, between the Independ- 
ents and the Dewdrops. The former were victori- 
ous, 14 to 4. The batteries were Ordway and 
Libby, and Dewey, Lovejoy, and Haskell. 

The question of the annual class boat race is 
still unsettled, and it is not fully certain what the 



outcome will be. The Freshmen have shown very 
little enthusiasm and unity in their desire to keep 
up the custom and race with the Sophomores, and, 
after making spasmodic attempts to get a crew to 
work, they let matters drop, giving as their excuse 
that the Juniors, whose shell they wished to buy, 
asked too high a price lor the boat. A mass-meeting 
of the college boating association w-as held in 
Memorial May 23d, and the situation was discussed. 
Several speeches were made, representing all classes 
and all sides of the matter. It seemed to be the 
general sentiment that the custom of the class races 
ought not to be given up under any circumstances, 
that the Freshmen ought to show more life and 
spirit in the matter, and that the Juniors ought to 
ask only a reasonable sum for their shell. It is cer- 
tain the Juniors want to sell their shell, and if the 
Freshmen had been very anxious to buy a shell and 
race, there would certainly have been no trouble. 
It is hoped the matter may be at once straightened 
out to the satisfaction of all, and a race assured. 
The Sophomore crew has been on the river all the 
spring. It is composed, as last year, of Thompson, 
Sewall, Rhines, and Shute. 



i?t¥ e ti©S' 



BASE-BALL. 
Bates, 17; Boivdoin, 11. 
May 16th, after one postponement on account of 
rain, our first game was played with Bates on the 
delta. In view of the weakness of our team this 
year and the much-boasted strength of the visitors, 
the result was not all Bates had hoped for. But 
we were beaten, aud lost the game on inexcusable 
infield errors, each man, except Williams having 
two or three of the most razzle-dazzle kind of 
errors. Bowdoin batted well, and with half-decent 
fielding could have won. The score: 

BATES. 

A.E. R. IB. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Wakefield, lb., .... 3 3 14 

Douglass, 2b., .... 4 1 1 1 6 1 

Penley.s.s., 6 1 2 2 2 

Pulsifer, 3b 5 2 2 i 2 2 4 1 

Burrill, r.f 5 3 2 2 1 

Gerrisb, c, 5 3 2 3 8 1 

Campbell, l.f., .... 6 2 1 2 

Slattery, P- 6 3 2 2 9 

Bennett, c.f 4 1 2 1 

Total 41 17 11 14 27 22 6 



44 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Fairbanks, 3b., .... 5 

Leighton, s.s., .... 5 

Coburn, c.f., 5 

Bodge, p., 5 

Hull, l.f., 3 

Williams, lb. 4 

Dane, r.f., 5 

Harris, 2b., 3 

Haines, c, 3 



1b. T.B. P.O. 



E. 



1 











110 5 3 

2 3 

1117 2 

2 

1 1 11 
12 2 
110 2 2 



Totals, 



38 11 11 14 24 15 14 



SCORE BY INNINGS. 

123456789 

Bates 14421140 x— 17 

Bowdoin, ....0 3 O'l 1 3 3—11 
Two-base hits — Penley, Gerrish, Campbell, Coburn, 
Dane, Haines. Passed balls — Gerrish 2, Haines 2. Wild 
pitches — Slattery 2, Bodge 2. Bases on balls— by Slattery 
5 , by Bodge 8. Struck out — by Slattery 6, by Bodge 5. Hit 
by pitched ball— Pulsifer, Hill, Harris, Haines. Time— 
2h. 30m. Umpire — Kelley of Lewiston. 

M. S. C, 7 ; Bowdoin, 5. 

The Maine Intercollegiate League series was 
commenced at Orono, May 18th, when the Maine 
State College boys defeated Bowdoin 7 to 5 in seven 
innings. Bowdoin lost through poor fielding, 
hunching errors in the first inning, when the home 
players made two hits, and not being able to over- 
come the lead. Both pitchers were effective, but 
Bowdoin gave Bodge poor support, the errors of 
Harris being particularly costly. Coburn and 
Haines batted well and Welch fielded brilliantly for 
M. S. C. The catching of Palmer and Haines 
was most praiseworthy. 

Manager Holmes, unknown to the captain or 
team, had arranged for a seven-inning game. 
This arrangement, when announced at the close of 
the game, aroused much dissatisfaction among the 
Bowdoin players who were putting up a steady, 
gaining game, and were confident of pulling out a 
victory in the remaining two innings. It is much 
to be regretted that the manager made such an 
arrangement. The score : 

M. S. C. 

A.B. R. lb. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Bass, p., 4 1 2 

Frost, l.f., 4 1 1 1 2 3 

Palmer, c, 4 1 2 2 9 1 1 

Cowan, r.f., 4 1 1 1 

DeHaseth, lb., .... 3 1 1 7 

Brann, c.f., 3 1 

Welch, 2b., 3 2 3 

Farrell, 3b 3 1 1 1 1 3 

Dolley, s.s 1 2 1 1 



Total, 29 



6 



21 10 



BOWDOIN. 

A.B. R. IB. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Fairbanks, 3b 3 2 3 2 1 

Leighton, s.s., .... 4 1 1 2 1 

Coburn, c.f., 4 1 2 4 2 

Bodge, p 3 1 1 2 1 1 

Hull, l.f., 3 1 1 2 

Wilson, lb 4 6 1 

Dane, r.f., . .... 3 - 1 

Harris, 2b., 3 1 1 4 

Haines, c 3 2 4 6 10 

Totals 30 5 6 12 21 6 9 

SCORE BY INNINGS. 

12 3 4 5 6 7 

M. S. C 4 2 1—7 

Bowdoin, 1 1 3 0—5 

Two-base hits— Leighton, Bodge. Three-base hits — 
Coburn, Haines. Stolen bases — Fairbanks, Bodge, Dolley 
2. Struck out — Leighton, Wilson, Dane, Harris 2, Bass, 
Brann 2, Farrell, Dolley. Passed ball— Palmer. Wild 
pitches — Bass 2. Hit by pitched ball — Hull, Harris. 
Time — 111. 30m. Umpire— S. J. Kelley of Lewiston. 

Bowdoin, 27; M. S. C, 10. 
Bowdoin and M. S. C. played their second game 
May 20th, at Brunswick, and our boys had a walk- 
over. It is hard to understand how they allowed 
M. S. C. to beat them the Saturday previous. 
They batted three M. S. C. pitchers as hard as they 
pleased, and played a game in the field that was a 
refreshing contrast to most of their previous work. 
Harris was very effective except when he let up in 
the third inning. Wilson, a new man on first, did 
well. The batting and fielding of Fairbanks was 
a feature, and Dane did pretty work on second. 
The detailed score: 

BOWDOIN. 

A.B. R. IB. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Fairbanks, 3b 7 3 4 7 3 3 1 

Leighton, s.s 6 3 1 1 1 4 3 

Coburn, c.f., 5 3 

Bodge, r.f -..5 2 2 2 

Hull, l.f., 6 3 3 5 1 

Wilson, lb., 6 3 2 2 13 1 1 

Dane, 2b 5 4 1 1 2 4 

Harris, p., 6 2 2 2 9 

Haines, c 5 4 2 3 6 2 1 

Totals 50 27 17 23 26* 24 6 

* Welsh forced out. 

M. S. C. 

A.B. R. IB. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Bass, p., l.f. 4 3 1 3 8 2 

Frost, l.f,, lb., p 5 1 4 4 4 2 3 

Palmer, c, 5 2 6 1 

Welsh, 2b 5 2 2 2 5 2 

Farrell, 3b. 3 1 1 1 1 3 

Cowan, r.f., 5 1 1 

DeHaseth, lb., p 5 2 2 8 1 

Brann, c.f 4 1 2 5 2 1 

Dolley, s.s., 3 1 1 2 

Total, 39 10 12 17 24 16 15 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



45 



SCORE BY INNINGS. 

123456789 
Bowdoin, ....812 5 1 1 x— 27 

M. S. C 1 7 2 0—10 

Two-base hits — Fairbanks, Haines, Brann. Three-base 
hits — Fairbanks, Hull, Bass, Brann. Passed balls — 
Palmer 5. Bases on balls— by Harris 3, by Bass 2, by 
DeHaseth 2. Hit by pitched ball— Dane, Bass, Dolley. 
Struck out— by Harris 6, by Bass 5. Double plays- 
Frost, Welsh and DeHaseth, Dolley, Welsh and DeHas- 
eth. Time— 2h. 20m. Umpires— Miller and Toothaker. 

Colby, 8 ; Bowdoin, 7. 
It was the same sad story of wretched fielding 
and still more wretched base running when Bow- 
doin and Colby met for the first time this year, at 
Waterville, May 22d. Colby won on our poor work, 
not by their own good work at bat or in the field. 
Bodge proved much superior to the widely-adver- 
tised Patterson. We made over twice as mauy hits 
as Colby, with three times as many bases; and 
Bodge struck out 9 men to Patterson's 5. And yet 
Colby made more runs. Our inexcusable infield 
errors and childish base running lost this game as 
it has several others. Fairbanks did some magnifi- 
cent work at the bat. The detailed score follows : 

COLBY. 

A.E. R. IB. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Thompson, lb 5 1 1 7 1 1 

Burton, c.f 5 1 1 1 1 

Patterson, p., .... 5 1 1 6 1 

Coffin, c 4 2 1 2 8 1 

Brooks, r.f 4 2 2 

Jackson, s.s., .... 4 2 4 2 

Austin, 3b 4 1 3 2 2 

Watkins, 2b., .... 4 5 1 1 

Hanson, l.f 4 1 2 

Totals 39 8 5 6 27 15 7 

BOWDOIN. 

A.B. R. IB. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Fairbanks, 3b., .... 5 2 4 7 1 4 4 

Leighton, s.s., .... 5 2 2 1 1 3 

Coburn, c.f., 5 1 1 2 

Bodge, p 5 2 1 1 

Hull, l.f 4 2 2 4 1 

Wilson, lb 4 1 1 8 2 

Dane, 2b., 5 2 2 5 1 

Harris, r.f., 5 

Haines, c 5 1 8 5 1 

Totals, .... 43 7 12 17 26 12 11 

SCORE BY INNINGS. 

123456789 

Colby 02500100 0—8 

Bowdoin, ....20110011 1—7 
Earned runs — Bowdoin 2. Two-base hits— Coffin, Fair- 
banks. Three-base hits — Fairbanks, Hull. Stolen bases — 
Burton, Jackson, Brooks, Hanson, Fairbanks, Wilson, 



Hull, Haines. Double play — Patterson and Austin. Base 
on balls — Wilson, Coffin, Jackson. Hit by pitched ball- 
Austin, Hull. Struck out— by Patterson 5, by Bodge 9. 
Passed balls — Haines 2, Coffin. Time — lh. 50m. Umpire 
— Kelley. 

Bates, 8 ; Bowdoin, 6. 
The Bates College team defeated Bowdoin for the 
second time this season on the grounds of the Lewis- 
ton league club, May 25th. The game was won by 
Bates by superior fielding and base running and on 
costly Bowdoin errors at critical points. Bodge was 
not hit hard but was wild at times. Bowdoin's first 
two runs were made on a pop fly that Burrill and 
Gerrish allowed to drop between them, with two 
out. Their other four they earned by good hitting. 
It was a hard-fought game from start to finish and 
ought to have been a Bowdoin victory. The score : 

BATES. 

A.B. R. IB. P.O. A. E. 



Douglass, 2b., . . . 

Penley, s.s., 3 

Pulsifer, 3b 4 

Burrill, p., 4 

Wakefield, lb., 3 







1 







1 2 

2 
4 1 
2 




Gerrish, c 5 8 1 

Campbell, l.f 4 2 3 3 

Slattery, r.f., 4 2 2 

Hamilton, c.f., 4 1 



Totals, 36 

BOWDOIN. 



7 27 10 6 



A.B. R. IB. P.O. A. E. 

Fairbanks, 3b., 5 1 1 3 1 3 

Leighton, s.s., 5 1 2 2 1 

Coburn, c.f., 5 1 3 1 

Bodge, p. 3 1 1 

Hill, l.f., 5 2 

Wilson, lb 4 1 1 8 1 1 

Dane, 2b., 4 1 3 4 1 

Warren, r.f., 2 1 1 



Harris, r.f., 
Haines, c, 



2 

3 1 1 10 1 1 



Totals, 



38 6 10 27 10 



SCORE BY INNINGS. 

123456789 

Bates, 00003230 0—8 

Bowdoin, ....00020020 2—6 
Earned runs— Bates 2, Bowdoin 4. Two-base hits— 
Slattery, Fairbanks, Haines, Warren. Stolen bases — 
Douglass 3, Pulsifer 2, Penley 2, Campbell, Slattery 4, 
Leighton, Coburn 2, Haines. Bases on balls by Burrill— 
Bodge, Haines; by Bodge— Penley 2, Wakefield 2, Camp- 
bell, Slattery. Struck out by Burrill— Coburn, Bodge, Har- 
ris, Warren; by Bodge — Douglass, Burrill, Wakefield, Slat- 
tery, Hamilton 2. Double plays — Penley and Wakefield, 
Dane and Wilson. Hit by pitched ball by Bodge — Pulsifer. 
Wild pitches — Bodge, Burrill. Passed balls — Haines. 
Time— 2h. 10m. Umpire— J. M. Scannell. 



46 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



TENNIS TOURNAMENT. 

For the past few weeks the annual tennis tour- 
nament has been in progress, and has been the 
center of great interest. Last Friday the tourna- 
ment proper closed, Philip Dana, '96, having won 
the championship in singles, and Philip Dana, '96, 
and W. W. Fogg, ; 96, the championship in doubles. 
Those defeated by these winners are now playing 
off for second place in singles and doubles. The 
champions and those winning second place will 
make up the team to represent Bowdoin at the 
annual tournament of the Maine Intercollegiate 
Tennis Association in Portland next week. Fol- 
lowing is the complete score of the tournament for 
the college championship in singles and doubles: 
SINGLES. 

Pulsifer, '97, vs. Pratt, '97, 6-4, 8-6. 

Dane, '96, vs. Eastman, '96, 13-11, 6-3. 

Ives, '98, vs. Drake, '98, 6-3, 9-11, 6-4. 

Webster, '98, vs. French, '97, 6-1, 6-2. 

Dana, '98, vs. Soule, '96, 6-1, 6-2. 

Fogg, '96, vs. Fitz, '97, 6-4, 6-0. 

Oakes, '96, vs. Warren, '97, 7-5, 6-2. 

Kyes, '96, vs. Coburn, '96, 6-2, 6-3. 

Ordway, '96, vs. Fessenden, '96, forfeited. 

P. W. Davis, '97, vs. Stubbs, '95, forfeited. 

Littlefleld, Med., vs. P. W. Davis, '97, 6-1, 6-1. 

Spear, '98, vs. Leighton, '95, 6-3, 6-2. 

Kimball, '95, vs. Warren, '96, 6-4, 6-3. 

Dana, '96, vs. Cook, '97, 6-0, 6-3. 

Harris, Med., vs. Webber, '95, 6-3, 6-1. 

Fairbanks, '95, vs. Haskell, '95, 6-1, 1-6, 6-3. 

Ives, '98, vs. Oakes, '96, 6-3, 6-2. 

Kyes, '96, vs. Dana, '98, 6-4, 2-6, 6-3. 

Ives, '98, vs. Kyes, '96, 6-3, 6-0. 

Dane, '96, vs. Spear, '98, 9-7, 6-4. 

Pulsifer, '97, vs. Russ, '95, 6-3, 6-1. 

Webster, '98, vs. Ordway, '96, 6-2, 6-4. 

Blair, '95, vs. Randlett, Med., forfeited. 

Littlefleld, Med., vs. Moore, '95, forfeited. 

Dana, '96, vs. Flagg, '96, 9-7, 6-3. 

Kimball, '95, vs. Blair, '95, 6-2, 6-4. 

Littlefleld, Med., vs. Pulsifer, '97, 6-2, 6-4. 

Harris, Med., vs. Fairbanks, '95, forfeited. 

Dana, '96, vs. Ives, '98, 6-4, 6-2. 

Webster, '98, vs. Kimball, '95, 6-0, 7-5. 

Dane, '96, vs. Harris, Med., 6-2, 6-0. 

Dana, '96, vs. Webster, '98, 6-1, 6-3. 

Dane, '96, vs. Littlefleld, Med., 6-3, 6-2. 

Dana, '96, vs. Dane, '96, 6-0, 6-1, 6-4. 

DOUBLES. 

Warren, '96, and Smith, '96, vs. I fi , u fi . 
Ward, '96, and Ordway, '96, ( D "°' *~°' °"*- 
Dana, '98, and Ives, '98, vs. 
Warren, '97, and Andros, '97 
Pulsifer, '97, and Pratt, '97, vs. 
Moore, '95, and Stubbs, '95, J 



: 6-1. 6-2. 
10-8, 6-2. 



Dane, '96, and Cook, '97, vs. ) fi , an 
Warren, '96, and Smith, '96, J ° ' 



6-3, 9-7. 



Dane, '96, and Cook, '97, vs. 
Haskell, '95, and Raudlett, Med., 
Dana, '96, and Fogg, '96, vs. I w 
Fairbanks, '95, and Boyd, '95, j cl 
Eastman, '96, and Stetson, '98, vs. 
Doherty, '95, and Christie, '95, 
Stetson, '95, and French, '95, vs. 
Shaw, '95, and Coburn, '96, 
Pulsifer, '97, and Pratt, '97, vs. J 
Eastman, '96, and Stetson, '98, j 
Spear, '98, and Webster, '98, vs 
Lord, '95, and Kimball, '95, 
Leighton, '95, and Soule, '96, vs 
French, '97, and Fitz, '97, 
Dana, '98, and Ives, '98, vs 
Pulsifer, '97, and Pratt, '97 
Dana, '96, and Fogg, '96, vs. ( R o fi n 
Dane, '96, and Cook, '97, j D ' """■ 
Spear, '98, and Webster, '98, vs. j fi „ 
Stetson, '95, and French, '95, J ' 
Leighton, '95, and Soule, '96, vs. t r . 
Russ, '95, and Webber, '95. | ""*' 

Dana, '98, and Ives, '98, vs. \ ~. RO 
Leighton, '95, and Soule, '96, ) ""*' °"" - 
Dana, '96, and Fogg, '96, vs. j R , r „ 
Spear, '98, and Webster, '98, j °'*' u " z - 
Dana, '96, and Fogg, '96, vs. 
Dana, '98, and Ives, '98, 



6-3, 7-5. 



6-2, 10-8, 6-3. 



THE WORCESTER MEET. 

The ninth annual field day of the New England 
Intercollegiate Athletic Association was held on 
Worcester oval, Saturday, May 18th. For the third 
year Bowdoin was represented, and for the second 
time we won sixth place among the ten colleges. 
Our team of nine men won ten points in four events, 
and commanded the respect of every contestant 
and spectator. Soule won the two-mile run; Home 
was second in the low hurdles; Kimball was third 
in the hammer throw, and Borden third in the high 
jump. It is regretted that Soule did not also try 
the mile run, as he would doubtless have had an 
easy victory there. In putting the shot, Bates 
made a put of 36 feet, 10 inches, which was four 
inches better than the put which won second place, 
but to the surprise of all, Bates' put was declared a 
foul. The Bowdoin men present declare that this 
was unjust, and that three points were thus lost. 
Our other representatives, French in the broad 
jump, Haskell in the pole vault, Pettengill in the 
mile walk, and Kendall in the quarter-mile run, 
all did creditable work and were all close to the 
winners. 

Dartmouth won first place with 33 points, of 
which 15 were won by the star hurdler and jumper, 
Chase. New records for the association were made 
in the high hurdles, broad jump, hammer throw, 
and 100-yards dash. The day was cold and windy, 
and the track was heavy. Over 2,000 people were 
present, and everything passed off most smoothly. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



47 



The Boston Herald spoke as follows of the Bowdoin 
men : 

" Soule of Bowdoin spread-eagled his field, as 
he did last year, in the two-mile run. He had half 
a lap to the good, half way to the finish, and could 
have apparently kept up the rate he was going for 
a week. He finished as fresh as a daisy, regretting 
he had not tried the mile as well. His time was 
very good, considering the heavy track. His college 
made a remarkable spurt at these games, capturing 
places in four events in this, their second serious 
try for honors. Home, their low hurdler, is easily 
in the rank of first-class athletes, as was evidenced 
by his beating out such a good one as Hurd." 

Following are the winners and records: 

100-yard dash— Won by S. H. Patterson, Williams; A. 
W. Grosvenor, second, Amherst; E. De K. Leffingwell, 
third, Trinity. Time— 10 1-os. 

Half-mile run— Won by 0. E. Bolser, Dartmouth; H. 
C. Hull, second, Brown; G. K. Buck, Williams, third. 
Time— 2m. 4 4-5s. 

120-yd. hurdle race— Won by Stephen Chase, Dart- 
mouth; Ben Hurd, Jr., M. I. T., second; E. A. Sumner, 
M. I. T., third. Time— 15 3-5s. 

2-mile bicycle race— Won by G. L. Gary, Dartmouth ; 
W. C. Marmon, M. I. T., second; J. T. Burns, M. I. T., 
third. Time— 6m. 14 4-5s. 

440-yd. dash— Won by M. C.Allen, W. P. I.; W. A. 
Sparks, Trinity, second; W. H. Ham, Dartmouth, third. 
Time— 54 2-5s. 

Mile run— Won by H. Cummings, M. I. T.; J. N. Prin- 
gle, Dartmouth, second; P. A. Tower, Wesleyau, third. 
Time— 4m. 49 l-5s. 

220-yard hurdle race— Won by Stephen Chase, Dart- 
mouth; J. H. Home, Bowdoin, second; Ben Hurd, Jr., 
M. I. T., third. Time— 26 l-5s. 

220-yard dash— Won by H. S. Patterson, Williams; A. 
W. Grosvenor, Amherst, second; P. H. Day ter, Williams, 
third. Time — 23s. 

Mile-walk— Won by H. P. Houghton, Amherst; W. B. 
Bliss, Williams, second; E. E. Tyzzer, Brown, third. 
Time— 7m. 17 3-5s. 

2-mile run— Won by L. P. Soule, Bowdoin; H. A. Sut- 
ton, Wesleyan, second; J. N. Pringle, Dartmouth, third. 
Time— 10m.29 3-5s. 

Pole vault — Won by E. L. Morgan, Amherst, 10 ft.; 
W. A. Wyatt, Wesleyan, second, 10 ft.; M. D. Denning, 
Amherst, third, 9 ft. 6 in. 

Putting 16-pound shot— F. E. Smith, Brown, first, 38 
ft. 2J in.; P. E. Mason, Dartmouth, second, 36 ft. 6 in.; M. 
H. Tyler, Amherst, third, 36 ft. 5 in. 

Throwing 16-pound hammer — F. E. Smith, Brown, 
first, 113 ft. 4 in.; Cooms, Brown, second, 112 ft. | in.; 
Kimball, Bowdoin, third, 104 ft. 8 in. 

Running high jump— S. A. Macomber, Brown, first, 5 
ft. 8 in.; M. H. Tyler, Amherst, second, 5 ft. 7 in.; C. K. 
Borden, Bowdoin, third, 5 ft. 6 in. 

Ruuning broad jump— Stephen Chase, Dartmouth, 
first, 22 ft. 3 in.; R. D. Parquhar, M. I. T., second, 21 ft. 1 
in.; J. R. Allen, Williams, third, 20 ft. 5J in. 



The score by points is appended, first places 
counting five, seconds counting three, and thirds 



Events. 








o 
i 

c 

3 


•s 

6 

3 


> 
B 

3 


2 5. 

1 


0_ 


B 


4 

H 


H 
3' 
§ 


100-yard dash 

220-yard hurdle, . . . 
220-yard dash 

Putting 16-lb. shot, . . 

Throwing 16-lb. hammer, 
Running broad jump, 






5 
5 
1 

3 
5 
5 

1 
:• 

*5 


*3 

5 
5 
8 


3 . 
'3 . 

a- 
1 . 
3 . 


. 5 
. 1 
i. . 

5. . 

4 , , 
1 . . 
. (i 

• * 
3 1 


3 

5 

1 
1 


1 
3 


5 


1 
3 


Totals, 










:;;; -i-i 


194 17 16J 10 


S 


5 


4 



To know how to be ready— a great thing— a 
precious gift — and one that implies calculation, 
grasp, and decision. To be always ready, a man 
must be able to cut a knot, for everything cannot 
be untied; he must know how to disengage what is 
essential from the detail in which it is enwrapped, 
for everything cannot be equally considered; in a 
word, he must be able to simplify his duties, his 
business, and his life. To know how to be ready 
is to know how to start. 

It is astonishing how all of us are generally 
cumbered up with the thousand and one hindrances 
and duties which are not such, but which neverthe- 
less wind us about with their spider threads and 
fetter the movement of our wings. It is the lack 
of order which makes us slaves; the confusion of 
to-day discounts the freedom of to-morrow. — Henri 
Frederic Amiel. 

The longer on this earth we live 

And weigh the various qualities of men, 

Seeing how most are fugitive 

Or fitful gifts at best, of now and then, 

Wind-wavered corpse-lights, daughters of the fen, 

The more we feel the high, stern-featured beauty 

Of plaiu devotedness to duty, 

Steadfast and still, nor paid with mortal praise, 

But finding amplest recompense 

For life's ungarlanded expense 

In work done squarely and unwasted days. 

— James Russell Lowell. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



" Iq an important sense all education must be 
self-education. The best master one ever has is 
his own will and high purpose. The secret is within 
the soul, and, once seized, all things become possi- 
ble. ' Perhaps the most valuable result of all 
education,' writes Prof. Huxley, 'is the ability to 
make yourself do the thing you have to do when it 
ought to be done, whether you like it or not; it is 
the first lesson which ought to be learned, and how- 
ever early a man's training begins, it is probably 
the last lesson he learns thoroughly.' Another 
eminent educator used to say to his classes: 'He 
who will become a scholar must learn to command his 
faculties.' The same thought was put by Milton in 
another way : ' He that reigns within himself and 
rules his passions, desires, and fears, is more than 
a king.'" 




'22. — An excellent por- 
trait of the late ex-Chief 
Justice John Appleton of the Supreme 
Court of Maine, has just been hung in 
the Court House at Bangor, as a companion 
portrait to that of Chief Justice Peters. 
'29.— Ex- Secretary of the Treasury Hugh McCul- 
loch died May 24th, at his country home near 
Washington. The cause of his death was a general 
breaking down of the system due to extreme age 
aggravated by lung trouble. Hugh McCulloch was 
born in Kennebunk, Me., December 7, 1808. He 
entered Bowdoin in 1825, but left on account of 
illness in 1826 and taught until 1829, and then 
studied law in Kennebunk and Boston. In 1833 he 
went to the West and settled in Fort Wayne, Ind. 
In 1835 he was elected cashier and manager of the 
branch at Fort Wayne of the State Bank of Indiana, 
and at the expiration of its charter in 1856 he 
became president of the bank of the State of Indi- 
ana, which post he held until May, 1863. He then 
resigned to accept the office of comptroller of the 
currency, which was tendered to him by Secretary 
Salmon P. Chase. In March, 1865, on the resigna- 
tion of William P. Fessenden, Mr. McCulloch was 
appointed by President Lincoln, Secretary of the 
Treasury, at which time the government was in 



great financial embarrassment. His was an enor- 
mous task, but he accomplished it well. From the 
chaotic condition of the national finances he brought 
order. More than $1,000,000,000 of short time ob- 
ligations was converted into a funded debt, and 
its reduction begun. Secretary McCulloch held 
office till the 4th of March, 1869. From 1871 till 1878 
he was engaged in banking in London. In October, 
1884, on the resignation of Water Q. Gresham, 
he was again appointed Secretary of the Treas- 
ury, and continued in office until the expiration of 
President Arthur's term, 4th of March, 1885, being 
the only man that has held that office twice. Since 
his return he has resided in Washington, D. C, and 
on his farm in Maryland. Mr. McCulloch has con- 
tributed articles on financial and economical ques- 
tions to the magazines and public journals. Though 
not a Bowdoin graduate, he was a Bowdoin student, 
and thus we have a claim on him as a son of our 
college, and we may well be proud of his illustrious 
and honorable career. Bowdoin conferred ou him 
the honorary degree of A.M. in 1863, and of LL.D. 
in 1889. 

'43. — Daniel Osgood Quiraby died December 23, 
1894, at Haverhill, Mass., from paralysis of the 
brain. Mr. Quiraby was born December 22, 1821, 
at Amesbury, Mass. He was prepared for college 
at Dummer Academy and at Hampton Falls, N. H. 
After graduation he studied law at Gray, Me., and 
at Ossipee, N. H., and practiced his profession a 
short time at Amesbury, Mass. He soon turned 
his attention to teaching; was principal of Norwich 
Academy, Norwich, Conn., from 1846 to 1850, of 
the French and Classical Institute, New York City, 
1853 to 1861, and of Union Hall Academy, Jamaica, 
N. Y., 1864 to 1868. He also taught in the high 
schools of Melrose, Mass., Dover, N. H., and Water- 
town, Mass. Later in life Mr. Quiraby interested 
himself in chemical research and became proprietor 
and manufacturer of patent medicines, doing busi- 
ness in Boston and Lyun. Mr. Quimby married, 
November 23, 1847, Clara Belle, daughter of Dr. 
Alvah and Mary (Dalton) Moulton of Ossipee, N. H. 
He had one son and four daughters, all of whom 
with their mother preceded him in death. 

'47.— The following is a sketch of Hon. Wrn. C. 
Marshall, recently appointed state assessor: William 
Colburn, son of the Hon. Thomas and Susan (Col- 
burn) Marshall, was born in Belfast, August 17th, 
1827. He fitted for college at the Belfast Academy 
and entered Bowdoin College, where he graduated 
in 1847 with the highest honors of his class. After 
graduating he studied law with Hon. Solyman 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



49 



Heath and the Hon. Woodbury Davis. He was 
admitted to the Bar in 1850. In that year he emi- 
grated West and began his practice at Racine, Wis. 
On the death of his brother, Col. Thomas H. Davis, 
'48, which occurred in 1861, he returned to his 
native city, where he has since resided, engaged in 
mercantile and other business. In J871 he was 
chosen mayor of Belfast with hardly an opposing 
vote, aud was re-elected in 1872 and 1873. During 
President Hayes' administration he was collector of 
customs for the Belfast district and again under 
President Arthur. Mr. Marshall has always been 
interested in Bowdoin; since 1870 he has been a 
member of the board of overseers. He married, in 
1859, Miss Lois Rhodes of Cleveland, Ohio. They 
have had three children, of whom only one is alive, 
William R. Marshall of Sioux Falls, S. D. 

'49.— Rev. George A. Perkins, who died in Wen- 
dall, Mass., recently, graduated from Bowdoin Col- 
lege, Class of '49, and later from Bangor Theological 
Seminary. In July, 1854, he went to Turkey as a 
missionary and remained several years, then re- 
turned to this country. In 1863 he again went to 
Turkey as a professor in Robert College, Constan- 
tinople. His health, however, failed and he was 
obliged to return home; and after a time in a family 
school at Gorham he went to Massachusetts, where 
he preached for many years. He was a member 
of the Delta Kappa Epsilon Fraternity, and of 4> B K. 

'50.— Gen. O. 0. Howard has declined the presi- 
dency of Norwich University at Northfield, Vt. 
Having made his permanent residence in Vermont, 
he will deliver an annual course of lectures at that 
institution. 

'60.— Hon. W. W. Thomas, Jr., returned homo, 
last week, after a very extensive and successful 
lecture tour in the West. Since he has been absent 
he has lectured in fifty cities and towns, and fifteen 
different states. At all his lectures his audiences 
were large and enthusiastic, and on several occa- 
sions they numbered 2,000 or 3,000 persons. In 
Chicago he addressed 5,000 people. No lecturer 
has had greater success during the past season, and 
the ovations he has everywhere received from our 
Scandinavian fellow-citizens show that his efforts to 
draw more closely together the United States and 
the United Kingdom of Sweden and Norway in the 
bonds of friendship and good-will are appreciated. 

'60.— Among the commissioners appointed by 
Governor Cleaves for the Mexican Exposition to be 
held in the City of Mexico in 1896 were John M. 
Brown, '60, and Frank L. Dingley, '61. 

'61.— General G- A. Forsyth has an article in 



Harper's Monthly for June, entitled " A Frontier 
Fight," which tells the story of the death of one of 
Bowdoiu's bravest sons, Frederick H. Beecher, of 
the Class of '62. Mr. Beecher was a lieutenant of 
the 3d U. S. Infantry. He served gallantly in the 
Civil War and was wounded at Gettysburg. He 
was killed on the 18th of September, 1868. The 
writer of " A Frontier Fight " speaks of Mr. Beecher 
as an energetic, active, reliable, brave and modest 
man, a splendid specimen of a thoroughbred Amer- 
ican, and a most valuable man in any position 
requiring coolness, courage, and tact." He says 
that by his death the United States Army lost one 
of its best and bravest officers. All should read the 
account of the fight, as it shows the heroism of one 
of Bowdoin's sons. 

'71.— Rev. E. S. Stackpole, D.D., delivered an 
address on " The True aud False in Missionary 
Life," at the meeting of the Maine Ministers' Asso- 
ciation, held in Augusta last week. Rev. Mr. 
Stackpole is now located in Auburn, after several 
years in Florence, Italy. 

'72.— The wedding of Dr. W. C. Shannon, U. S. 
A., whose home is in Boston, to the daughter of 
Gen. A. J. Poppleton, one of the most eminent 
Nebraska citizens, took place at Omaha a short 
time ago, and was the leading society event of the 
year there. 

'73. — Dr. D. A. Robinson, of Bangor, will deliver 
the address at Monroe, Memorial Day. 

'76. — Professor C. D. Jameson has resigned the 
chair of Civil Engineering at the University of 
•Iowa, and will practice his profession. 

'88.— William T. Hall, Jr., has left Somerville, 
Mass., and is at present in the employ of the Water- 
ville Electric Company, Waterville, Me. 

'88.— John H. Maxwell, A. T. Ridley, '90, and 
Joel Bean, Jr., '92, were admitted to the bar in 
Lewiston the 11th of May. Judge Walton highly 
complimented the young men on their proficiency 
in the study of law. Mr. Bean was admitted at 
11 o'clock in the morning. Three hours later he 
had his cards out and his office hired. At four 
o'clock his sign hung out from the block where he 
is to do business. Bowdoin men have a way of 
hustling. 

'88.— Dr. W. H. Bradford of Portland, recently 
went to Colorado Springs, Col., to attend an invalid 
on his journey. 

'93. — Mr. Reginald Goodell is pursuing a course 
at the Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md. 

'84.— Rev. George C. DeMott was married to 
Miss Frances Stuart, of Richmond, a Wellesley '94 



50 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



graduate, in Boston, Wednesday, May 15, 1895. 
After a short trip Mr. and Mrs. DeMott will reside 
in Tioonderoga, N. Y., where Mr, DeMott has a 
settled pastorate. 




His Foundation. 
" If K O H on red litmus I pour 
I'll get blue litmus instead. 
Have I any foundation for this ? " he asked, 
" At least, you've a base," she said. 

— Vassar Miscellany. 

The trustees of the U. of P. have passed rules 
to investigate the standing of any student to deter- 
mine his right to take part in athletics. 

Yale has won eleven championships of the 
Intercollegiate Base-Ball League, as against two 
each for Harvard and Princeton. 

The Needful Thing. 
" Oh, ye plains of broad Sahara, 
Rich in witchcraft's cunning art, 
Pray tell me how to win a kiss 
From her who holds my heart." 

Then the plains of broad Sahara 

Sent an answer to me, and 
This the whole of what they told me, 
" Come and get a little sand." 

— Yale Record. 

Harvard athletes have been forbidden to run in 
scant athletic clothing on the streets of Cambridge. 
The race between the Yale and Harvard Yacht 
Clubs will take place Thursday, June 27th. 
Superstitious. 
I am very superstitious, 

And protest most loudly when 
There are thirteen at the table, 
And there's only food for ten. 

— Concordiensis. 

The World's Student Conference will be held at 
Northfield, Mass., from June 29th to July 9th. 

Lacrosse is coming more and more into favor as 
a college sport, and it has already entered several 
colleges in the east. 



Cornell's musical clubs will make a trip through 
England, Scotland, and Ireland this summer. They 
will sail about the middle of June and will give 
about twenty concerts. 

The habit of touching the hat to a professor, 
besides being an appropriate mark of politeness, is 
a time-honored custom of the college and worthy 
of being most carefully preserved. We would 
respectfully suggest that, for the continuance of 
this custom, certain professors return the salute. 

— The Dartmouth. 





Yale 
Mixture 
Smoking 
Tobacco 

UNEQUALLED FOR DELICACY AND FLAVOR. 

YALE MIXTURE is now packed in two 
blends, one of which contains less St. James 
Parish Perique and more Turkish and Hav- 
ana, thus reducing the strength without 
impairing the flavor or aroma.- The boxes 
containing this blend have the word "MILD" 
printed across the top. The original blend 
remains unchanged. 

A two ounce trial package by mail, postpaid, for 25 cents. 

MARBURG BROS. 

The American Tobacco Co., Successor, 

BALTIMOKB, MD. 



THE FISK TEACHERS' AGENCIES, 
4Ashburton Place, Boston; 70 Fifth Avenue, N. Y.; 355 
Wabash Avenue, Chicago; 32 Church Street, Toronto; 803 
Twelfth Street, Washington, D. C; UO'A South Spring Street, 
Los Angeles. Agency Manual Free. 

Everett 0. Fiske # Co. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Vol. XXV. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, JUNE 19, 1895. 



No. 4. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 

PUBLISHED EVERY ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY DURING 
THE COLLEGIATE YEAR BY THE STUDENTS OF 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE. 



EDITORIAL BOARD. 

J. C. Minot, '96, Editor-in-Chief. 

C. W. Marston, '96, Assistant Editor-in-Chief. 

H. R. Blodgett, '96, Business Manager. 

6. T. Ordway, '96. H. H. Pierce, '96 

H. Gilpatric, '96. , R. S. Hagar, '97. 

P. P. Baxter, '98. T. L. Marble, '9i 

C. C. Smith, '98. 



Per annum, in advance, 
Single Copies, 



. $2.00. 
15 Cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to tbe Business Mauager. 

Kemittaucos should be made to tbe Business Manager. Com. 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Editor-in-Chief. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
lie wishes to have appeuded. 

Contributions for Bowdoin Verse Department should be 
sent to Box 1155, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should be sent to Box 1091, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post-Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 
Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston. 

CONTENTS. 
Vol. XXV., No. 4.— June 19, 1895. 

Editorial Notes 51 

'96's Ivy Day, 54 

Oration 54 

Poem, 58 

Address of Class President, 59 

Presentations and Responses, .61 

Ivy Hop 66 

Bowdoin Verse: 

Gale River, Franeonia, 67 

" Those Homely Tales of Simple, Friendly Folk," 67 

Collegii Tabula, 68 

Athletics, 69 

College World, 73 




Ivy Day with its pretty exer- 
cises and impressive ceremonies has come and 
gone, and the Orient, following the usual 
custom, presents in full the literary parts of 
the day. The Juniors may well take pride 
in their successful Ivy Day. It was the gala- 
day of the year for them and their hundreds 
of friends who came from away. Of the 
many customs and traditions held sacred by 
Bowdoin men, and the many ceremonies, 
public and otherwise, observed by them, Ivy 
Day holds a high place in the hearts of all, 
and is sure of perpetuation. 



TT PUBLICATION gladly welcomed by all 
/ *■ Bowdoin men and friends of the college 
is the Descriptive Catalogue of the Bow- 
doin College Art Collections, by Professor 
Henry Johnson, curator, which has just been 
issued from the press. It is a neat little 
pamphlet of 80 pages, containing a wealth 
of information of great value to all interested 
in the magnificent art collections of our col- 
lege. Its preparation has involved much 
time and arduous research, but it has been a 
labor of love for Professor Johnson and the 
results cannot but be extremely gratifying 
to him. The work will be of great service 
in drawing increased public attention to 



52 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



these treasures of the college, and will be of 
much permanent value in leading to a better 
appreciation of them by both our graduates 
and under-graduates. In place of the scanty 
and not always fully reliable catalogues and 
fragments of catalogues which have been 
prepared from time to time during the past 
ninety years, Professor Johnson has prepared 
a full and accurate catalogue, systematic and 
concise in its arrangement, of all the hun- 
dreds of valuable paintings, drawings, casts, 
and art objects of which old Bowdoin is the 
fortunate possessor. The catalogue opens 
with a full historical account of the various 
collections, the story of the many munificent 
donations made the college, the fortunes and 
misfortunes of the collections since in the 
possession of the college, and careful men- 
tion of the various catalogues which have 
been attempted. A chapter is devoted to a 
description of the Walker Art Building, and 
then follow in turn departments devoted to 
Sculpture Hall, the Sophia Walker Gallery, 
the Bowdoin Gallery, the Boyd Gallery, the 
Assyrian Room, the Chapel, Memorial Hall, 
and Massachusetts Hall. This catalogue 
should be in the hands of every Bowdoin 
man, that we may take better advantage of 
the grand opportunity offered us by our Art 
Building and our large and valuable collec- 
tions. 



TITHE annual report of President Hyde to 
-*■ the trustees and overseers of the col- 
lege has been made public and has much to 
interest all of us. At the opening, mention 
is made of the death of Barnabas Freeman, 
Esq., in term of service the senior member of 
the Board of Overseers, who had served since 
1857. No changes in the Faculty are antic- 
ipated this year, except that Mr. Mitchell 
will have a leave of absence for the year. 
The changes introduced into our course of 
study last year by the division of the depart- 
ment of history and political economy have 



been fully justified. The additional courses 
in history, economics, and English literature 
which this change made possible have proved 
to be among the most popular courses which 
the college offers. No further extension of 
the course of study is contemplated at pres- 
ent. The one important step forward which 
the college ought to take this year is the pro- 
vision for a broader, not a lower or easier, 
basis of admission. This is the main issue 
to be considered at the next meeting of the 
Boards. Three years ago President Hyde 
recommended that the Faculty be authorized 
to offer an alternative for the requirement in 
Greek. This year he urges the importance 
of this step much more strongly. This step, 
which was then urged in order to keep the 
college in the front of educational progress, 
is now absolutely essential to prevent it 
from falling to the rear. Every college in 
New England to-day offers a four years' 
course for admission to which Greek is not 
a requisite, except three colleges in Maine. 
Furthermore, the Faculty of the college is in 
favor of the change now to an extent which 
it was not three years ago. The new Science 
Building and its workings are described in 
detail, and the plans for the summer school 
are explained. Appreciative acknowledg- 
ment is made in the report of the recent 
additions to the art collections. The need 
of a recitation hall for the literary depart- 
ments and of a new athletic field are ex- 
plained. The report says that the great and 
pressing need of the college is increase of 
its general productive funds. Appleton Hall 
requires immediate and thorough renovation. 
The grading of the campus, made necessary 
by the new buildings, should be completed 
as soon as possible. The smooth lawn, with 
its broad walks of white sand, in front of the 
Searles Building, is a revelation of the possi- 
bilities of the campus. The fence around the 
college grounds should be removed; or else 
replaced by one that is unobtrusive. The 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



53 



need of a common dining-hall increases with 
the growth of the college. This is the tenth 
year of President Hyde's connection with 
the college, and he makes a brief review of 
the progress which has been made during 
this period. He modestly attributes this 
progress to " the generosity of our benefac- 
tors and the progressive times in which our 
lot has fallen," but we all know that it has 
been due in no small degree to the energy, 
liberality, and clear-sightedness of our brill- 
iant and popular young president. In these 
ten years our Faculty has grown from 11 to 
17. The students have increased from 113 
to 229. The courses of studj', taking a course 
given four times a week for one term as a 
unit, have increased from 68 to 90. The 
elective principle has been extended from 
one-sixth to two-thirds of the course. The 
library has increased from 35,000 to 55,000 
volumes ; its circulation from 3,800 to 6,100 ; 
and the number of hours it is open each week 
from 24 to 60. One building has been thor- 
oughly renovated ; memorial tablets have 
been placed in Memorial Hall ; an organ has 
been placed in the chapel ; and extensive 
additions have been made to our art collec- 
tions. Four new buildings have been erected 
at a cost of about #350,000. The productive 
funds of the college, including funds for 
scholarships and special purposes, have in- 
creased from 1350,000 to 1550,000. 



T>OWDOIN is justly proud of its library, 
■*-' and its future is a subject that comes 
very near to us all. Thus the annual report 
of Librarian Little, just issued, which deals 
at length with the condition of the library 
and its pressing needs for the near future, is 
most interesting reading. The number of 
volumes now in the library, inclusive of 3,600 
books belonging to the Medical School, is 
55,169. The accessions for the past twelve 
months have been 2,039. Of these, 694 were 
purchased at an average cost of $1.72 ; 145 



were obtained by binding periodicals and 
pamphlets, 19 at the expense of the Depart- 
ment of Biology, 6 by exchange of dupli- 
cates, and 1,135 were presented by various 
donors. These gifts exceed in number, as 
well as in value, those of any previous year 
in the history of the library with but two 
exceptions. Among the more notable, men- 
tioned in order, of their reception, are the 
following: Bound volumes of the Boston 
Daily Advertiser from Mrs. Lucy S. Dodge 
of Cambridge, Mass.; a set of the Collec- 
tions of the Pioneer and Historical Society of 
Michigan from Hon. Alpheus Felch, LL.D., 
Class of 1827, of Ann Arbor, Mich.; upwards 
of 100 volumes from the Longfellow home- 
stead in Portland, presented by Mrs. Anne 
Longfellow Pierce ; 37 valuable books on art 
from the Misses Walker, for reference use in 
the Walker Art Building; over 100 recently 
published books from George Haven Put- 
nam, M.A., of New York City ; a large num- 
ber of medical and other periodicals, of bound 
pamphlets and annotated historical works 
relating to this state obtained, through the 
kind services of Ernest B. Young, Class of 
1892, from several sources; the writings of 
Charles Sumner in fifteen volumes, from Hon. 
Edward L. Pierce of Milton, Mass.; the Trip- 
itaka in 39 volumes from his Majesty, the 
King of Siam ; and, most important of all, a 
collection of upwards of 300 volumes selected 
from the library of the late Hon. Robert C. 
Winthrop, LL.D., and presented by Robert 
C. Winthrop, Jr., Esq. Among the purchases 
of the year may be mentioned a set of the 
Dublin Review ; 36 volumes of the Quarterly 
Journal of the Geological Society of London; 
Handworterbuch der Staatswissenschaften in 
six volumes; Lesser's Atlas der gerichtlichen 
Medicin ; and 100 volumes of recent stand- 
ard German literature. Professor Little an- 
nounces the generous gift of $1,000 from 
George Sullivan Bowdoin, Esq., of New York 
City for the maintenance and increase of a 



54 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



collection of Huguenot literature. For a 
century the Bowdoin library has been the 
largest and most valuable collection of books 
in Maine, and it is strongly urged that the 
annual appropriation be increased, or at least 
restored to what it was a few years ago, that 
this position and our relative standing among 
the colleges of the country may be main- 
tained. The report sets before the college 
boards the imperative need of more shelving, 
demanded by the growth of the library, and 
asks that the South Wing be made fire-proof 
with steel stacks for 40,000 volumes. A 
new library building cannot come to us too 
speedily, and in the meantime every possible 
step should be taken to make our present 
quarters convenient and safe. The impor- 
tance of our library as a factor in the work 
of instruction cannot be overestimated. The 
cost of the proposed improvements is rela- 
tively slight, and it is sincerely hoped the 
Boards can see their way clear to take the 
steps so earnestly recommended by Librarian 
Little. 



'96's ivy Day. 

"C7RIDAY, June 14th, was observed as Ivy 
■^ Day, and never in the thirty years since 
this beautiful custom was instituted at old 
Bowdoin have all the ceremonies and exer- 
cises of the day passed off more pleasantly 
and successfully. The weather was all that 
could be desired; the beautiful campus, in all 
its luxuriant June verdure, was never more 
attractive; crowds of friends from far and near 
were present ; and the exercises, which were 
of an unusually high order, passed off very 
smoothly. and with much credit to all partic- 
ipating. The Class of '96 may take just pride 
in its highly successful Ivy Day. All re- 
gretted that the usual Sophomore-Freshman 
boat race did not take place in the morning, 
but otherwise, day and evening, it was an 



ideal Bowdoin Ivy Day. Upper Memorial 
was filled to its utmost capacity at 3 p.m., 
when the famous Germania Band of Boston 
struck up a march and the Juniors, in cap 
and gown, marched slowly, in close order, 
the length of the central aisle and took seats 
on the semi-circular stage. The marching 
and evolutions on the stage were perfectly 
executed under the leadership of Marshal 
Willard. The following programme, occupy- 
ing about two hours, was then carried out. 
The literary parts, which are given below in 
full, were, without exception, well delivered 
and won many well-deserved words of praise. 
Owing to the inability of the class soloist to 
respond this presentation was omitted, and 
the audience was left to guess who the soloist 
was. 

MUSIC. 

Prayer. H. Gilpatric. 

MUSIC. 

Oration R. 0. Small. 

MUSIC. 

Poem. J. C. Minot. 

MUSIC. 

Address by President. . . . P. C. Peaks. 

Presentations. 

Plugger— Oil-can. . . . Gr. T. Ordway. 

Soloist— Rival f 

Fop — Eye-glass. . . . R. M. Andrews. 

Interrogator— Interrogation point. . A. G. Hebb. 

Backslider — Spurs. . . . H. R. Blodgett. 

Charmer— Snake. . . . S. Pessendeu. 

Popular Man — Wooden spoon. . . J. H. Bates. 



IVY-DAY ORATION. 



MANHOOD MAKES THE MAN. 
By Robert O. Small. 

When out of confusion and emptiness the present 
fabric of the world was made to arise, and from the 
chaotic state of the beginning creation dawned; 
light was divided from darkness, life originated, 
and man, clothed with authority to rule as visible 
head and monarch of the world, was made. When 
the first human being, quickened by the breath of 
the Maker, received the implanting of the immortal 
soul, the superhuman distinction between man and 
beast, manhood was first made possible. 

The low estate of primitive man we must inev- 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



55 



itably accept. Crude and few in number must bave 
been tbe possible attributes of tbis primary man- 
bood if, indeed, we can find any wbich, wben viewed 
by our criterions, can be considered essential or 
necessary properties of manbood. Tbe embryo 
was tbere, bowever, and we are debtors to civiliza- 
tion and all its ameliorating adjuncts for what of 
development there has been in the original type. 
Experience, reliable teacher of manbood, was all to 
be acquired by the infant pioneers of our race; 
life's sea all unexplored, could not be known as the 
stormy waste which it sometimes proves to be. 

That the conceded essentials of true manhood 
have passed through a series of evolutions, a glance 
back over historic time gives proof. On tbe west 
bauk of the Eurotas in "hollow, lovely Lacedae- 
mon," Spartans, in the fifth century B.C., trained 
their youths simply with reference to warlike exer- 
cises; mechanical labor, husbandry, and commerce 
were despised and neglected. Tbe highest type of 
manbood to a Spartan connoisseur was exemplified 
in tbe warrior who fought tbe longest and strongest 
or in silence suffered the most excruciating torture. 
Scipio, defeated at Tbapsus, left the "younger 
Cato" walled up in Utica, and the Cato who bad 
inured bis body to endure all hardships, tbe frugal, 
phlegmatic statesman and general, fell upon his 
own sword rather than pass into the bauds of Rome. 
So respected was such manhood that Caesar, when 
news of the act reached his ear, is reputed to have 
exclaimed, " Cato, I begrudge thee thy death, since 
thou hast begrudged me the glory of sparing tby 
life!" From the 10th to the 15th centuries, chiv- 
alry was the dominant power in European history. 
Brave knights, encased in helmet, cuirass and 
greaves, rode forth from castle gates, quitting tbe 
pleasures of court to protect the weak, redress the 
wrongs of the injured, and help wrest the Holy 
Land from the lascivious grasp of Mohammedanism. 
To courage is now added courtesy and refinement; 
chastity and temperance in theory at least. In 
"Quentin Durward," Scott has well portrayed the 
manhood of tbe mediaeval age. Needless it is to 
tell you tbe difference between the age last cited 
and our century ; in sharp contrast with those 
knights the manbood of Washington and Lincoln 
stands forth. 

It is becoming for us to ponder somewhat on this 
theme of manhood, and as I reflect upon the 
changes which the world has experienced within 
tbe last two thousand years, tbe names of various 
leaders, worthy the attention of a few moments, 
come before me. Some are military leaders, others 



statesmen and spiritual guides. Julius CaBsar, 
Rome's standards to tbe front, is now bending sinew 
to sinew with the hardy Briton, wresting Britannia 
from the sway of the Druids. William the Con- 
queror, by inheritance the Duke of Normandy and 
by virtue of bis genius King of England, conquers 
at tbe battle of Hastings, subjects Briton to his 
mastery, and alters her whole subsequent history. 
Miles Standish, of Flanders valor, now helps re- 
pulse Indian attacks and lay tbe foundation of that 
Puritan New England of which we so proudly 
boast. Washington shares tbe rigors of a winter 
with tbe revolutionary troops at Valley Forge, and 
as commander-in-chief of the American forces re- 
ceives the sword of Cornwallis from the baud of 
O'Hara; the British soldiers lay down their arms, 
deliver up their standards, and the United States 
of America becomes possible. .Franklin, the jour- 
nalist, diplomat, statesman, and philosopher, pub- 
lishes " Poor Richard's Almanac," plays with the 
electric charges from God's magnetic storms, repre- 
sents the colonies of America at tbe polished court 
of Louis XIV., and becomes a member of the con- 
stitutional convention that framed our charter of 
government. Toussaint L'Ouvei ture, son of aswarthy 
chief of Africa's sable race, liberates tbe slaves of 
Hayti and, as a general, places bis name side by 
side with that of Napoleon Bonaparte. Dr. Charles 
Parkhurst wields tbe mighty influence of a godly 
man and strikes destruction and overthrow at tbe 
roots of a "lying, perjured, rum-soaked, and libid- 
inous city government." 

These names carry with them a certain amount 
of concentrated manhood, of high quality ; how 
varied the life-work of them all ; what a contrast 
between Parkhurst and Caasar. Why tbis survey? 
Because it is good, before we start to view manhood 
in its present status, to look back through time and 
see what man and manbood bave achieved. It is 
but a proof of tbe evolution of manhood which we 
see in this change. Experience, instructed well by 
theory and example, completes the work of natural 
qualifications. We, the living, breathing enjoyers 
of the nineteenth century civilization, have the ben- 
efit of all previous tests and models to aid us in 
choosing our ideal. What shall it be ? 

Day after day courses by, time comes and time 
goes, on wags this busy world, ever growing older, 
and never abating its demands on human energy. 
They tell us that this planet is fast becoming a 
better place to live in. Doubtless tbis is the cause 
of the high premium on life. It is just as hard to 
die out of the world now as it ever was ; the vital 



56 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



spark was never dearer to any generation of people 
than it is to our own. Despite the fact that there 
never was a time when a man could be more of a 
man than he can to-day, I fear that at times we 
rely too much on the gilded age into which we have 
been born and lay too complacently back in the 
traces, trusting that those about us will keep on 
pulling and tugging in the harness of civilizing in- 
fluence. To produce those vibrations which move 
the masses, we must strike on the chords that for- 
merly called forth those thrills— aye, but the same 
stroke does less to-day than it did even fifty years 
ago. As the state of things grows more complicated 
the implements to be effective must be improved in 
like degree. 

Though my subject is susceptible of being em- 
bellished and theorized upon, idealized beyond our 
customary experiences, I prefer to treat it in a com- 
mon-sense, every- day manner, looking at manhood 
as an oft-met-with property of mankind— some- 
thing we are all capable of, something the majority 
attain to. There is not a person in the hall who 
has not a concept of the qualities requisite for man- 
hood, and yet I doubt if the ideal make-up given by 
any one of you would completely and sufficiently 
satisfy every other person present. There has 
ever been a tendency on the part of the world 
to consider him the man who showed great prowess 
as a fighter ; a leaning still stimulated by the ad- 
mirers of those bruisers, popularly conceived as 
hastening the millennium by perpetuating the manly 
art of self-defense. To be sure courage is one req- 
uisite to manhood, but " Dream not helm and har- 
ness the sign of valor true ; Peace hath higher tests 
of manhood than battle ever knew." Yes, indeed, 
by the American people of our era other attributes 
than mere courage to fight are required for the 
highest, noblest manhood. 

Youth is the time when the mind expands and 
it is the time when that inner man is most suscepti- 
ble to worthy impulses and appeals for manly deeds. 
During youth the ideas are, as it were, in the gristle, 
are pliable, and may be moulded with scanty refer- 
ence to manhood or may be broadly modeled on 
the plan and with appreciation of the many illus- 
trious examples of it which time has afforded us. 
The gristle will soon be grown into bone and then 
it must be broken rather than bent to any new 
conception of man and his relations to man. When 
once we realize the necessity of improvement along 
any line, then, and not until then, are we likely to 
strive for such betterment. So it is true in regard 
to manhood ; when once we have awakened to the 



full appreciation of a high ideal, then have we a 
nucleus around which may be gathered the charac- 
teristics of the highest and most lovable human 
nature. The germ of mauhood is deep-bedded in 
the make-up of our inner nature, and as truly as 
exercise is the means to develop the physique, even 
so there are practices which will develop or retard 
the growth or even the appearance of manhood. 
A good healthy condition of manhood is more in- 
dispensable to man than is a well body; the two to- 
gether make a more comfortable existence, but give 
me the former if I can have but one. Manhood 
signifies completed growth of body and a develop- 
ment of mind beyond the childish and the youthful 
age. Underneath our whole life should be clear, 
well-defined principles upon which we can build; 
then believe intelligently, work diligently, and there 
must be some reward ; it is moonshine to think that 
in the future there will be no guerdon. 

Do you infer that I would have a man copy all 
his manhood from those who have lived exemplary 
lives and from what he sees about him ? No. That 
is noblest which is new, if true. Nothing should 
be more despised than imitation for sake of appear- 
ance. Patterniug after need not necessarily be copy- 
ing. Attend personally to the make-up of your 
own manhood. Have views of your own even at the 
risk of being called a crank, a term much in vogue 
to-day. "An old lie is as good as a new; " but so 
long as a man acts sincerely as he thinks, even new 
ideas put into action are worthy of our notice. You 
can't fool the world, some one will take you at your 
real value. Fear not mere flippant criticism of 
your acts ; what is the use of mere outward appear- 
ance if there is something deeper which is true? 
The subtle alchemy of public opinion ends at the 
last mile-stone; the doings of a man and not his 
appearances are graven upon his eternal soul. J. 
G. Holland has said, "Power in its quality and 
degree is the measure of manhood ; " look to it well 
that the quality is good, the degree can be developed. 

Do not lose all confidence in the mauhood of the 
people in this world because of experience with 
apparent recreants and dastards. There is not a 
man who was created without a soul ; it is from the 
soul that all manhood springs. Though the indi- 
vidual at hand may be the most calloused, apathetic 
criminal who breathes God's free air, though he be 
the most abject, sordid coward that ever stooped to 
perpetrate a sneaking deed, still it is better to think 
that possibly all manhood is not gone. At any rate 
don't condemn the universe because of your experi- 
ence with such. Show your own manhood by using 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



57 



your beat influence to set things right ; don't blunt 
it by turning a deaf ear to the promptings of your 
conscience, because a similar mentor does not 
prompt your brother. We may never free our 
country, never make silver-tongued statesmen, but 
we can earn honest livelihoods and be men. Let us 
live our lives, wherever they may be cast, like men. 
Then we do our best; we can do no better. 

Disappointment and failure seem to be the 
natural and indisputed heritage of the human 
race; but it is over the ruins of castles built in air, 
if not above the wreck of real enterprise, that every 
great man has come on. Courage to face hardships 
and dangers, prudence to guard against accident, 
carefulness and thoroughness in preparing for every 
need and emergency, are all qualities of developed 
manhood. Cultivate the power to foresee chances, 
use skill and adroitness, promptness, energy, and 
decision to overcome seeming impossibilities. Have 
wisdom to submit gracefully when the odds are 
really overwhelming, and do not waste energy on 
what is really hopeless or not worth the trouble it 
will cost. Though nothing succeeds like success, 
still it shows true manhood to stand up under dis- 
appointment and then to tower over defeat in ulti- 
mate victory. Meet the world with a smile, though 
mental anguish and heart-breaking sorrow at times 
bear you down ; put self behind the scenes, and 
before the footlights of this world's stage act nobly 
the part of a man who bears his affliction without a 
murmur. 

Manhood begins at home with childhood; it 
begins with, and is strengthened by, respect shown 
to parents, obedience to their wishes, and deference 
for their views. Father and mother may be a little 
behind the times in some of their ideas, but it 
should be remembered that, since they have lived a 
life longer than ours, their experience bids fair to 
have been more varied. To them we owe our all ; 
to them our first duties are due. The household 
gods of the pagans were their most sacred trusts. 
The maintenance of the family unit is the salvation 
of our nation ; no more hallowed duty appeals to 
thinking men. 

Our country calls for manhood, the very noblest 
which has yet been evolved. The soldier, who in 
time of war, that last argument of kings (would 
that I could believe we shall never again be in- 
volved), marches from home to defend the land he 
loves, and if need be, lays down his life to save that 
land ; that statesman who, with stentorian voice 
and perspicuous reasoning, helps guide the ship of 
state between the rocks and crags of apparent 



dangers and across the shoals and flats of occult 
treachery ; the citizen, be he professor, practitioner, 
artisan, merchant, or day laborer, one of the many 
who make the whole, the indispensable member of 
a commonwealth— all these our country needs. It 
needs their manhood, exemplified in the soldier by 
his bravery, self-sacrifice, and unswerving patriot- 
ism, in the statesman by his integrity of purpose in 
framing our jurisprudence and his strength of con- 
viction in directing the machinery of our govern- 
ment, in the citizen by his law-abiding spirit, intel- 
ligence in using the franchise, and in being an 
all-round man, upright, downright, and all right. 
Manhood is the wealth of our nation, the shield 
and buckler of a sure defense. 

There is one satisfactory consolation which we 
may usher into our silent, if not spoken, thoughts. 
We may house it there to comfort us whenever we 
feel the danger of becoming pessimistic. It is this. 
The records of current events and the history of 
the ages bear us out in the belief that right will 
ultimately conquer. Manhood is none the less 
surely destined to be victorious. 

Whoever believes in a hereafter must also be- 
lieve in the pattern of manhood exemplified by that 
Nazarene — the One Perfect Man. To approach 
such manhood other help than that of will power 
or sense of right from wrong must be secured. 
Human aid furnishes but a portion of that which 
helps make us men, it does not even give us the 
start. Who shall say that the longing after a bet- 
ter, nobler life is not the promptings of a spirit 
Maker? Religion and morality are the two great 
supports upon which manhood rests; even those 
who claim not to accept religion as it is preached, 
must fall back upon morality as a prop to sustain 
them. Perfection in this life is not considered 
attainable ; the nearest approach to it of which we 
are aware falls far 'short of the conception which 
our finite minds can comprehend. Shall not those 
who have striven to live like men ever have a chance 
to reach the ideal manhood which they have been 
pleased to picture in their moments of thought, 
which approach to the sublime. I believe that 
nearly every one has twinklings of a mauhood higher 
than that lived on earth. Whence does this come? 
Are they mere fancies of the brain's own making? 
Will there never be a chance for this imperfect life 
of ours to be perfected more fully ? Does manhood 
or that which prompts us to it stop at the grave 
and perish with the natural body ? 

The acceptance of a God, the ruler of the uni- 
verse, is a test of manhood. The faith of a child is 



58 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



no more beautiful than that of a man who, failing 
by means of human insight to fathom the myster- 
ies of the world, still has an unshaken faith in one 
Supreme Author of the whole. Faith is manhood's 
test. There are things which the mind of man can 
never comprehend and it takes manhood to admit 
it. Not far distant to every one of us is a stopping- 
place, as far as life in the present state is iuvolved ; 
death will make all equal here below, and should 
there be " a house not built by hands " constructed 
ready for our coming, what better pass-word to 
enter its portals wide than " trusting manhood." 
Though our names be writ in water on the pages of 
the world's history, our deeds of true manhood may 
somewhere, somehow, be graven in adamant. Man- 
hood makes the man. 

IVY-DAY POEM. 
By John Clair Minot. 
Ivy Day at Bowdoin and mine a song to sing ; 
High indeed the honor on one so low to fall. 
Shall I say my lyre is broken and my harp has lost 

a string? 
Such excuse were useless ; it would never do at all. 

The world is full of liars that have often made a 

break, 
And yet keep up their music upon the same old 

strain ; 
And often lively dancing upon a string we take 
And wish the string would vanish, and only wish 

in vain. 

Such excuse were useless; so, as in Freshman year 
When we furnished dance and music at others' beck 

and call, 
To-day we find our pleasure mixed with a doubt 

and fear; 
For Juniors are but Freshmen a little bit grown tall. 

But let us plant our ivy and trust that it will grow, 
And reach its spreading tendrils far up the sacred 

wall ; 
Nor let it crush our ardor that we this fact must 

know: 
While thirty have been planted but three have lived 

in all. 

Yet long years in the future, when we have gone 

away, 
May jolly classes follow, all clad in cap and gown, 
Observing still the customs of the happy Ivy Day, 
And never think of failure when they plant their 

ivies down. 



For youth is full of promise and hope is ever green, 
And, clinging to life's framework, it never falls or 

dies; 
The ivy vine must perish; its beauty is a dream; 
But hope, still climbing upward, at last must reach 

the skies. 

And planting now our ivy we feel within our heart 
That it will thrive and prosper in the sunshine from 

above; 
That bonds are thrown around us when its little 

tendrils start, 
To bind us fast to Bowdoin and to the class we love. 

And with this pleasant fancy we meet this summer 

day; 
The orator has spoken ; the poet's place is mine. 
Alas, upon Parnassus I found a rocky way, 
The place was void of Muses; like us, it had no 

nine! 

Now, since the time of ancients, an owl with solemn 

eye 
As the symbol of all wisdom has blinked on in the 

dark ; 
But from the modern college we hear one common 

cry: 
"Youth is the hour of morning; 0, give us then 

a lark ! " 

So I will not speak with wisdom (I could not if I 

would); 
Nor trouble mighty problems, nor wrestle with the 

creeds ; 
Nor settle all the questions of evil and of good ; 
Nor show the nation's dangers and what it chiefly 

needs. 

Nor will I bore my classmates with any classic lay, 
Some tale of by-gone ages when all the world was 

young ; 
It would be an empty story unsuited to the day, 
That many other singers in better verse had sung. 

I have but a lowly tribute to place upon the shrine 
Of our loved Alma Mater, in plain and simple verse ; 
And if the halting meter and faulty feet be mine, 
Mine also the affection ; my motive might be worse. 



Bowdoin the queenly, 
Deathless her fame ; 
Bowdoin our mother, 
God guard her name. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



59 



Now wc salute her, 
Kneel at her feet, 
Asking her favor 
Loving and sweet. 
Proudly we hail her 
First 'neath the skies; 
Tender her accents, 
Love-lit her eyes. 
Bowdoin the regal, 
Queen of our hearts ; 
Bowdoin our mother, 
Whence our life starts. 

Crown her with ivy, 
Laurel, and bay ; 
Crown her with clearest 
Sunlight of day. 
Bright be her scepter, 
Firm be her throne, 
Endless her reigning 
Over her own. 
Ever may whispering 
Pine trees around 
Charm her with fragrance, 
Soothe her with sound. 
Ever may flowers 
Spring at her feet, 
Song birds flood 'round her 
Melodies sweet. 

Grand in a century's 
Triumphs she stands; 
Grander the present 
Filling her hands; 
While iu the heavens, 
Flooding the sky, 
Brighter the future's 
Promises lie. 

0, the immortal 
Sons she has reared ! 
Honor the living; 
Honor the dead. 
Statesmen and soldiers, 
Scholars and bards, 
Leaders in thinking, 
Actions, and words. 
Leaders forever 
Where duties call ; 
Standing, however, 
Men first of all. 

Weak is the tribute 
Speech gives, or song; 



Noble the tribute, 
Manly and strong, 
Given by living 
Lives that are true; 
This as her tribute 
Bowdoin holds due. 

Bowdoin the queenly,—' 
Where is the queen 
Eicher in birthright, 
Fairer in mien ? 
Bowdoin our mother, — 
Never had men 
Nobler a mother; 
May we be then 
Sons that are worthy 
All that she gives; 
Guarding her honor, 
Each while he lives. 
Bowdoin the queenly, 
Deathless thy fame ; 
Bowdoin our mother, 
God guard thy name. 

ADDRESS OF CLASS PRESIDENT. 
By Francis C. Peaks. 

Ladies and Gentlemen, Friends of the Class of '96 : 

I am very much pleased to greet you in behalf 
of the class on this, our Ivy Day. 

It is an occasion which closes an important epoch 
in our history, standing like a mile-stone to remind 
us that three of the precious four years allotted 
here at Bowdoin are passed. They have been years 
fraught with pleasures and disappointments, joys 
and sorrows intermingled, and as we have gone 
together through these experiences ever-increasing 
ties of tenderest affection have been twining about 
our hearts, binding us firmly together and culmi- 
nating in the strong bonds of fraternal union which 
completely and closely surround the hallowed asso- 
ciations of our beloved class. 

While this day is one of unbounded pleasure and 
satisfaction to us : pleasure rightly felt in the accom- 
plishment of the work of another year; satisfaction 
at the characterof our attainments forthe three years 
upon which we can justly look with pride, yet there 
comes a feeling of sadness when we realize that one 
more year alone remains to us of connection with 
our cherished Alma Mater — one short year of the 
associations here at dear old Bowdoin which have 
come to be so much a part of our lives. 

But joy must to-day shine supreme, illuminating 
even the shadow which the thought of parting 



60 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



casts upon us ; for this is the day of all the year to 
which we have looked forward, and nothing must 
be permitted to mar our complete enjoyment of it. 
You are all too familiar with the significance of Ivy 
Day for me to attempt any explanation regarding 
it. Only let me say that it is the one day when 
perfect freedom of speech is not out of place, when 
modesty is for a time laid aside, and we speak 
proudly, even egotistically, of our class and its 
individual members. 

I say we shall speak proudly, and have we not rea- 
son to feel elated over the achievements of our course 
thus far? When, three years ago, our glorious 
Class of '96 first graced the halls of old Bowdoin, 
did we not then make an impression most favorable 
upon Faculty and under-graduates alike, and has 
not the old saying that " First impressions are 
lasting" been eminently true in our case? 

As the class assembled for the first time after 
its advent into the college, an interested observer 
could not fail to note the nobility of character and 
earnestness of purpose which marked the faces of 
its members. Unmistakable signs of future presi- 
dents and statesmen, sages and philosophers were 
there, showing the class at the outset to be possessed 
of great mental strength. 

This superior intellect was immediately recog- 
nized by all, and pangs of jealousy were felt on 
every side. Filled with envy and bitter resentment, 
the whole student-body proceeded to make our 
career as uncomfortable as possible. Such was 
their unworthy aim, and so far as chiding and 
banter could avail anything, they did their best to 
make existence miserable. But thanks to good 
sense and a forgiving disposition, the chaffing of 
our tormentors fell upon our heads like water upon 
the duck's back, only to roll off as it had come, 
leaving not the slightest trace of its presence, and 
like the duck we passed unharmed through the 
troubled waters, chiefly Androscoggin, of our first 
college year. 

At the beginning of our Sophomore year, as 
we viewed in retrospect the time of our verdancy, 
we were able for the first time to appreciate fully 
the blessings that had been showered, yea, poured 
upon us. Our generous hearts were straightway 
touched, and we resolved that inasmuch as we, 
like delicate plants, had been unceasingly tended 
and watered through our Freshman year, it would 
now become us to manifest a magnanimity equal to 
our blessings, and take upon ourselves the culture 
and care of the new Freshmen. 

We had always believed and practiced the old 



adage that "Whatever is worth doing is worth 
doing well," and in this new undertaking we did 
not swerve from our firmly-established principle. 
In fact, so zealous were we in our work, so thorough 
even in the minor details, that the Faculty felt it 
their duty to interfere in our behalf, as our philan- 
thropic deeds were requiring too much of our time. 
Thirteen of the most ardent of the class were 
summoned to the President's house and informed 
that henceforth they would be relieved of all the 
responsibility which they had assumed, as the 
Faculty had generously consented to take upon 
themselves for the future the entire management of 
this department of training. 

The winter term was made memorable by the 
departure of two of our members from these halls 
of learning. Impelled by an ardent desire for 
physical development they had unwisely frequented 
the " gym " until, by the advice of their physician, 
Dr. Whittier, they were persuaded to take a vaca- 
tion of a term's duration, in which time it was 
hoped they would come to see the folly of their 
ways, and upon their return profit by their dearly- 
bought experience. 

Accordingly, on the 12th of December, they 
proceeded to the railroad station to the tune of 
" Home, Sweet Home," accompanied by a body of 
sympathizing classmates. 

Of the class as a whole it is sufficient to say that 
up to this time we have won unprecedented laurels, 
both in scholarship and athletics, and can justly 
lay claim to the palm as winuers of class contests 
which our repeated victories, particularly in base- 
ball and squad work, clearly prove. 

And now, as we come to the close of our Junior 
year, we realize, as never before, that the wide 
world awaits us ; that soon the tender associations 
of class and college will be broken, and the members 
of our dear old class will go their several ways in 
search of fame, which I am sure is in store for 
every one. 

The political signs of the times point almost 
unmistakably to the election of a son of our Alma 
Mater to the highest office in the gift of the people. 
If the graduate of 1860 shall be the President-elect 
of the United States in 1896, what may not be 
possible of some members of our class in thirty-six 
years after graduation ? Some of you who to-day 
smile at this half-prophecy may yet live under an 
administration which has for its head a member of 
the Class of '96 of Bowdoin College. 

But whatever great distinction or good fortune 
may be attained by its members, I am sure the old 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



61 



fondness for the class will never lessen, the tender 
recollection of the happy days here never be blotted 
out, nor the friendships here formed never be 
entirely severed. 

I have now, in accordance with the custom, to 
make a few appropriate presentations. It has been 
a difficult matter to select from the class those to 
whom honors shall to-day be given, for there are 
many equally deserving of notice. But it is to 
some of the more striking characters that I wish to 
call attention, and it is very proper, therefore, that 
I should speak of one who, by his conscientious 
and untiring diligence in the performance of his 
college duties, has won the admiration and praise 
not ody of the class but of the entire Faculty as 
well. Not infrequently has he been known to spend 
the entire night, even to the morning hours, in 
preparation for the work of the following day. 
Honors in Mathematics, Latin, and Physics have 
in turn been showered upon him, even though his 
modest and retiring nature would fain have thrust 
them aside. 

Mr. Ordway, in behalf of the class I present 
you with this token, symbolical of the midnight oil 
which you have consumed in your ceaseless research. 
I might also suggest that it be used in lubricating 
the wheels. 

RESPONSE OF CLASS PLUGGER. 
By George T. Ordwat. 
Mr. President and Classmates : 

This is a most auspicious occasion and I deem 
that I have been accorded a rare privilege in being 
allowed to express my thanks for this gift, the 
victor's crown of laurel. 

How many of my classmates have been aware 
that I have so hidden this devotion to study. To 
some it cannot appear but as a miracle, but it is the 
truth. I am the only one of this glorious class who 
can possibly lay claim to the title which has been 
given me. Temptations, however, have not been 
lacking. Often have the leaders of deviltry, Gil- 
patric and Clougb, come to me and with their most 
enticing wiles tried to make me a participant in 
their midnight escapades. Nay ! Nay ! I could not 
do so. 

Again, too, has the handsomest man in the Glee 
Club approached me, endeavoring to persuade me 
to go to church with him. As my " ice factory" is 
not situated in Brunswick, how useless it would 
have been for me to sit during divine service 
eagerly gazing upon the entrancing chorus of Bruns- 
wick's many beautiful belles. 



For this opportune and useful treasure, Mr. 
President, I heartily thank you. Long will I cher- 
ish it, and this day will be marked in my calendar 
as bearing vividly the colors of crimson and gray. 
Again thanking you and with the words of Jona- 
than Swift, "May you live all the days of your 
life." 

The President : 

In the varied and rushing course of human 
existence, some are destined to remain in compara- 
tive obscurity, while others gain notoriety and 
become conspicuous. 

A pardonable pride to be becomingly attired is 
inherent in the greater part of humanity, but when 
attire is made use of to gain conspicuous position, 
then the end does not justify the means. 

I refer to one who has so thrust himself before 
our notice by his showy dress and affected manner, 
that I need hardly speak his name. Modesty and 
reserve are to him unknown quantities. Vain 
ostentation and self-praise are his attributes. Since 
the very beginning of the Freshman year he has 
been continually sounding his own praises and 
recounting his own achievements. 

At times when this gaudily bedecked youth has 
entered the class-room, even Professor Moody is 
said to have been disconcerted for a moment, and 
Professor Hutchings one night mistook the huge 
diamond sparkling in his shirt front for the long- 
expected comet. 

Mr. Andrews, — you need only this eye-glass to 
make you a typical fop of the nineteenth century. 

RESPONSE OF FOP. 
By R. M. Andrews. 
Sir. President and Classmates : 

It is with the most intense gratification that I 
receive this mark of your esteem, knowing as I do 
how entirely it has been deserved. It is of course a 
great distinction to be in any way first among such 
a class, but to excel at an art of which we have so 
many devotees, to overcome so many experts, to sur- 
pass in nicety of dress the men whom I see before 
me, this indeed is an honor such as comes to a man 
but once in a life-time. At this happy moment my 
heart swells with a just pride, and the pleasure of 
the glory I now enjoy prompts me to yet greater 
efforts in the future. 

And what a future might be mine; in how many 
ways my talents might improve and ennoble the 
land. I might start a male dress-reform movement, 



62 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



so that the modern man should completely out- 
shine the new woman. My well-known energy and 
self-reliance would make it certain of success, and 
I should expect my classmates to be my first disci- 
ples. Or I might succeed Ward McAllister, and 
dressing the four hundred in a costume of my own 
devising, raise them so high above the masses that 
even the comic papers should reverence them. 

But let no man thiuk that I have arrived at my 
present eminence without a struggle. With such a 
prize to contend for there were of course many 
candidates, but from the first my own pre-eminent 
fitness for the position made me an odds on favorites 
over the field. One by one my competitors gave it 
up and betook themselves to fields more suited to 
their abilities. Soon Mr. Homer Blodgett was the 
only one with courage to contend against me, and 
his chance of success, if he ever had any, vanished 
in smoke when I discovered him openly wearing 
his eye-glass in his right eye when I had just 
received private intelligence that the Prince of 
Wales, on account of a troublesome pig-sty, had 
shifted his to his left. 

There is one mournful consideration which 
detracts from the pleasure I feel on this otherwise 
proud and happy occasion. It is that the custom 
of the day compels me to hide the beauties of my 
raiment under this sombre gown. 

I am sorry for this partly on my own account, 
but mostly for the sake of the audience. It seems 
too bad to deprive them of such a spectacle. 

You know, classmates, how I have begged, how 
I have pleaded with you that I might not wear the 
horrible disguise, that I might remove it for one 
brief instant only, and stand before you clad in tho 
tasteful and elegant costume which I have prepared 
for this occasion. But you would not allow it, you 
felt that should your friends see me thus the con- 
trast would be too striking, and although admitting 
my superiority, you could not bear that I should 
publicly triumph over you. 

And so I have yielded to the wishes of the 
class, but when these ceremonies are over I shall 
be free, I need no longer conceal my glories. I 
shall present myself publicly on the campus, where 
I may be seen of all, without money and without 
price. 

The President : 

Fortune has been extremely kind to us as a class, 
often allowing her smile to rest benignly upon us, 
and in many ways showing to us that we have been 
her especial charge. 



For all this we are deeply grateful, but especially 
do we recognize her goodness in giving to us one 
who, by the most characteristic methods, has made 
himself of inestimable value, gaining for us informa- 
tion and knowledge which, but for him, could never 
have been ours. 

The professors, under his magnetic influence, 
have been induced to impart of their knowledge to 
an extent that no former class has ever enjoyed. 

Mr. Hebb, it is to you that we feel this gratitude, 
and in addition to your efforts in selling the class 
shell and in buying the caps and gowns, I cite as an 
example of your untiring zeal for the class, the day 
when you kept the Biology division fifteen minutes 
after time, plying Prof. Lee with question upon 
question, in order to satisfy your own inquiring 
mind. 

When in after years you look at this significant 
memento, may you be reminded of your college 
days and of your invaluable service to the Class 
of '96. 

RESPONSE OF INTERROGATOR. 
By A. G. Hebb. 

Mr. President, Classmates : 

I thank you for this gift. I thank you for your 
words of praise and commendation, and I feel grate- 
ful to you for the expression of your appreciation of 
my valuable services. 

You do me great honor on this occasion — an 
honor doubly appreciated, Mr. President, as I look 
into your face, beaming with joy and gratitude, which 
tells me more plainly than words that you have spoken 
in all sincerity. I am drinking in solid enjoyment, 
Mr. President, and I make uo secret of the fact that 
I am most delightfully happy. 

From my earliest infancy my parents imagined 
that I was created to become a great man, in which 
idea they did not have a complete monopoly, for I 
soon shared it with them. But, classmates, I have 
far exceeded their wildest ambitions. For to be 
recognized as the greatest interrogator in the Class 
of '96 is the highest honor to which any man can 
reasonably aspire. 

We are a class of interrogators, and as students 
of Bowdoin College what more praiseworthy can I 
say of you ? It indicates thought ; it proclaims active 
minds ; it gives evidence of reasoning ; it promotes 
understanding, and is a sure road to distinction and 
success. 

Newton saw the apple fall, and immediately he 
asked himself, why did it fall? And the result of 
this interrogation was the discovery of the force of 
gravitation. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



63 



Leverrier saw the planet Uranus did not move 
precisely in the path computed for it by the most 
skillful scientific men of the day, and he asked him- 
self, why is it? Why this discrepancy between 
theory and observation ? And the result, after a 
laborious mathematical investigation, was the dis- 
covery of another world which is many times larger 
than our own. 

But, Mr. President, I will not take the time to 
relate any more historical facts concerning great dis- 
coveries, any more than to say that in the Class of 
'96 there has been discovered those rare qualities 
which lead to fame. We do not expect to discover 
new forces, we do not expect to discover new worlds, 
but we have our Bass, we have our Eastman, we 
have our Dana, our Fessenden, our Ordway, our 
Blodgett, our Andrews, and many others whose 
names shall go down to future generations, and 
whose lives shall be held as bright and shining ex- 
amples to which dear papas and loving mammas will 
reverentially point their offspring. And now, Mr. 
President, in future years when you sit by your own 
fireside, gather your little ones about you and tell 
them about your illustrious classmates; tell them 
about our caps and gowns and how I got them, and 
about this, our Ivy Day ; tell them about our class 
shell, our annual boat race, our annual field day, and 
inspire within them a love for the customs and tradi- 
tions of Old Bowdoin. 

Mr. President, again I thank you for this gift, so 
symbolical of my great powers. I shall prize it not 
only as a beautiful work of art, but as a token of 
esteem and gratitude from the Class of '96. 

Tlie President: 

It is very disappointing, to say the least, to find 
that confidence has been misplaced. Faults which 
can be seen are readily forgiven, but deception is 
most humiliating to those upon whom it is practiced. 

I regret to say that we have been deceived in one 
of our number. When we entered college we knew 
him to be a man of the most upright character, of the 
strictest morality and refinement, and we have not 
had the least suspicion of his downfall. In fact, but 
for our President we might never have discovered 
his blackness of heart, so closely has he drawn about 
himself the cloak of morality. Needless to say, 
surprise and consternation pervaded the class when 
the truth became known. But as the offender ap- 
peared before the judgment seat, summoned on the 
charge of general misconduct, he wore, not the abject 
mien of a criminal, but rather that bland and 
peaceful smile which has always characterized his 
countenance. 



Mr. Blodgett, in behalf of the class, renowned as 
it is for the noble and virtuous couduct of its mem- 
bers, I present you with these spurs, hoping that 
they may prove a stimulus to your flagging zeal. 
The way of the transgressor is hard, but I feel sure 
that the loving sympathy in which these are offered 
will prove a greater prick to your slumbering con- 
science than the spurs themselves to the flesh, and in 
time may you regain the high esteem of the class, 
which was formerly yours. 

RESPONSE OF BACKSLIDER. 
By H. E. Blodgett. 
Mr. President and Classmates: 

Honors come to many men, great honors come 
to but few, and among all the honors that may fall 
to the lot of a human being there is none equal to 
that of " Champion Backslider" of the Class of '96. 

There never has been, never will be, never can 
be, a class so highly endowed, of such transcendent 
genius and brilliant achievements. Men may try to 
tell her story, but they will fall far short of the true 
record, and as to her future, the inspired voice of an 
Elijah would fail to do her justice. Way back in 
Freshman year with a class-existence of a few short 
months we chose a prophet. He entered upon his 
work full of hope and anticipated success. But the 
work was too vast, the task of unfolding the mys- 
teries of the future years was too great, and he 
straightway fell a victim to brain fever. 

Mr. President, in selecting me from this remark- 
able group you have shown yourself eminently wise. 
There is no one in the class who can approach me in 
the contest for this honor. It has cost me a great 
struggle to make this admission. For one so modest 
and retiring, so quiet and unobtrusive on all occa- 
sions, to acknowledge his excellence before a great 
audience like this is extremely trying. Only a stern 
sense of duty and the courage of a martyr have 
brought me here. 

But of course you are all anxious to know the 
secret of my success as a "backslider." It is a 
quality that cannot be cultivated, it must be inherited. 
In the early colonial days there lived a famous war- 
rior, — King Philip of the Narragansetts, who was 
renowned far and wide for his skill in the art of 
backsliding. As a lineal descendant of that illustri- 
ous chieftain, it is perfectly natural that Ij should 
follow in his footsteps. 

My conduct, Freshman year, was that of an inno- 
cent and guileless youth. The Professor in Greek 
was completely captivated by my " Homeric" name. 
The others used to point me out to the class as one 
who walked constantly in the straight and narrow 



64 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



path. I went to church every Sunday. The library 
I shunned as a plague-spot, for there the translations 
were kept. I even refused to attend the Class Day 
exercises for fear that the smoke from the " Pipe of 
Peace " might contaminate me. 

By these and many other acts I succeeded at the 
end of the year in creating a very favorable impres- 
sion upon Mr. Booker, and the other leading mem- 
bers of the Faculty. 

When Sophomore year opened all things changed. 
Relying too much upon the good reputation that 
my previous saintly behavior had secured for me, 1 
got careless. I visited Topsham Fair, attended the 
Methodist socials, and was frequently seen at the 
merry-go-round. I took to reading cheap yellow- 
covered literature, particularly the Bath Independent. 
Becoming bolder, 1 joined in the festivities of Hal- 
loween. In the investigation that followed I was 
caught in the official drag-net, confronted with my 
misdeeds, and at last found out. 

Mr. President, I thank you most heartily for these 
spurs. I feel that I have won them fairly and hon- 
estly. I shall ever keep them in grateful remem- 
brance of you and of the class, and as a further mark 
of esteem I shall wear them to-night at the Ivy Hop. 

The President: 

In selecting the charmer of the class, only one 
name could possibly offer itself, for the owner holds 
undisputed sway in his sphere of action. Few per- 
sons are so audacious as to attempt to rival him. He 
is indeed a wonder. The world is at his feet. He 
numbers his conquests by the score, and has yet to 
discover one fair lady who will not yield to his power. 
In face and figure he exhibits a type of beauty " over 
which spring poets rave, and which causes Apollo 
to tear his ambrosial locks with envy." Beside him 
all other aspirants sink into utter insignificance. 

Mr. Fessenden, your experiences have been very 
varied. Your praise resounds from the wooded hill- 
sides of fair Aroostook, sung by the nut-brown 
maidens as they wield the hoe amid the flowering 
potato fields. The sound is caught by the gentle 
zephyrs and wafted to the uttermost parts of the 
world. Even now I can almost hear the returning 
breeze whisper "Topsham Fair," again I catch 
"New Yoi'k," and still another zephyr brings the 
words " Waterville and Fairfield." 

Knowing your ardent desire for new victories, 
that your keen eye is ever on the alert for new 
worlds to conquer, I present you, the Class Charmer, 
with this victim upon which to practice your per- 
fected art. 



RESPONSE OF CHARMER. 
By Steeling Fessenden. 
Mr. President: 

It is with infinite pleasure that I accept this truly 
remarkable testimonial of your appreciation of my 
charming personality, and I beg you to observe 
with what ease and facility my irresistible nature 
triumphs over this the least sentimental of my vic- 
tims. It gives me added pleasure that one whose 
judgment and discriminating sense of the appro- 
priate stands, like the shaggy peaks of a mountain 
range, above that of his colleague, should thus make 
manifest his confidence in my most flattering accom- 
plishment. I should indeed be ungrateful should I 
fail to compliment you upon your choice, for not in 
the annals of Bowdoin's history is there recorded 
the existence of an individual so irrepressibly 
charming as myself. Graced with the form of an 
Apollo, the strength of Sandow, the chivalry of 
Baleigh and the character of a Romeo, to say noth- 
ing of a tenor second only to Taber Bailey, I soar 
into realms known only to a favored few. 

At parties, in the ball-room, and especially at 
Topsham fairs, gushing and sometimes designing 
maidens look into my admiring eyes only to succumb 
to their entrancing gaze, just as the dew of a summer 
morning coyly scatters a thousand rainbows in the 
face of the rising sun and, ere an hour has passed, 
slowly fade before his increasing splendor. 

But notwithstanding all this I have felt a keen 
pang of envy when on a clear and cloudless night, 
as the silvery moon was slowly marking the mid- 
night hour and the wind sighed softly among the 
trees, a member of the Faculty lingered for a mo- 
ment to say good-night while a cruel curtain played 
shadow pictures. 

Of recent years I have been conducting an exten- 
sive investigation in a subject not distantly remote 
from the science of Biology. I had not only gained 
new evidence in connection with the well-known 
idea that the human eye exerts a strange influence 
over the lower animals, but was upon the point of 
giving to the world some interesting developments 
in regard to the power of the eye to charm, but an 
unforeseen circumstance prevented. In pursuit of 
opportunities to conduct these interesting experi- 
ments I lingered one night near the footlights of the 
Town Hall to watch some pretty girls perform a 
gypsy dance. A pair of bright eyes had just begun 
to attract my attention when a heavy hand was laid 
upon my shoulder and a man whom I also knew to 
be well versed in Biological science requested my 
absence as well as that of my friend Robby New- 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



65 



begin. With a sad heart I rose to go, but as I lin- 
gered for a moment my gaze rested an instant upon 
my rotund rival. He seemed absorbed in some- 
thing beyond the stage. An expression of peaceful 
and calm content rested upon his countenance as 
though his thoughts were wafted to a distant 
southern clime where dusky beauty reigns supreme, 
and his lips seem to murmur the words : 

" Hand in hand on the edge of the sand 
We danced in the light of the moon." 
Mr. President : I shall always cherish this gift 
among my choicest possessions, and in the future 
when the ladies vote and elect me their ideal charmer 
and ladies' man as Governor, I shall always look 
upon this trophy as the kismet of my success. But 
if, when the ladies vote, Her Excellency, the strong- 
minded woman, shall occupy the gubernatorial 
chair while men remain at home to attend to social 
duties, then while the storms of public discussion 
rage against the legislative hall and the shrill voice 
of the backwoods spinster who occupies the speaker's 
chair can no longer be heard above the fluttering of 
ribbons and the rustling of crinoline, and the ma- 
tronly sergeant-at-arms, with her bonnet perched 
jauntily upon the side of her head, strolls down the 
isle and, giving an extra hitch to her bloomers, en- 
deavors to silence two refractory female members 
who are disputing as to whether the speaker's new 
coat is genuine seal or only imitation, then I shall 
sit by the fireside and, fondly viewing this trophy as 
it rests above the blazing grate, tell to some curly- 
headed cherub the exploits of the champion charmer 
when a student of the noblest old college in the 
world. 

The President : 

The one remaining presentation to be made differs 
entirely from those that have preceded. The humor- 
ous element so far displayed in them is wholly 
wanting in this, which I make in all seriousness and 
sincerity. 

The choice of popular man is the greatest that a 
class can bestow, for in him must be combined all 
those rare qualities which endear a student to his 
fellows. We have a conspicuous example of such 
an one in the Class of '96. Early in our course was 
his popularity established. By nature he is a 
scholar and an athlete, and his modest and un- 
assuming manner, his devoted interest for class and 
college, combined with these qualities, have given 
him the right to claim the proud title of Popular 
Man of the Class of '96. 

Mr. Bates — with the best wishes of the class, 



please accept this emblem of our high regard and 
affection. 

RESPONSE OF POPULAR MAN. 
By J. H. Bates. 
Mr. President and Fallow-Classmates: 

To-day you have called upon me to respond as 
the recipient of this coveted wooden spoon. 

Dear classmates, what can I say different from 
the heartfelt responses of those who have had this 
honor in previous years ? Do not all persons re- 
ceiving a token of esteem from dear friends share 
common thoughts and feelings? Yet at such a time 
we care not for original thoughts, affected epithets 
and beautiful form of diction ; we only insist that 
the words come spontaneously from the heart. And 
in this light I can truly call this day the happiest of 
my course ; for I am led to believe from this simple 
token that I have many dear friends in the glorious 
Class of '96. 

It is most fortunate to possess friends at any 
time or place, but what increased significance is 
added to that word, — friendship, in this little cosmos 
of our own. In our bustling American life very few 
of us will form warm and permanent ties of friend- 
ship after our college days are over. Here it is 
that we are able to experience the full strength of 
those ties, and may it be that the hand of Fate shall 
never sever a single uniting bond of Bowdoin, '96. 

Yes, the stranger sees only the plain wooden 
spoon, but, classmates, you and I behold in it visions 
of our glorious Past, our few defeats, our many vic- 
tories and not least, the good-will, honor, and integ- 
rity which has characterized all our dealings with 
each other. If I have ever added a bit to our glo- 
rious record as a class, then I am more than fully 
compensated by this honor, the highest in your 
power to bestow. 

I feel a deeper sense of gratitude to you than 
words can express, but, classmates, I think I voice 
your sentiments in saying that there are many more 
in our number to whom you would gladly present a 
wooden spoon; since custom allows but one, I am 
pleased to consider myself a sharer only in this out- 
ward symbol of popularity. In this light, allow me 
to act as custodian of our wooden spoon. 

Thanking you once more for this honor, I will 
close with best wishes and reciprocal feelings to the 
Class of '96. 

Immediately after these enjoyable literary 
exercises the class marched from the hall 
and proceeded to plant its ivy near the right 



66 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



of the main entrance of Memorial. C. E. 
Baker was the class curator. The following 
Ivy Ode, written by C. G. Fogg, was then 
sung to the air of "The Old Oaken Bucket." 

IVY ODE. 
Clear is the dawn of the glad summer morning, 

Fair is the smile of the sunshine and flower. 
Graces of beauty and bloom are adorning 

Strength ever growing and promise of power. 
Emblem of constancy, virtue unceasing, 

Ivy, we hail thee, and make thee our own. 
May thy firm branches, in vigor increasing, 

"Weave for our memory a beauteous crown. 

Drawing thy life from thy cherishing mother, 

Heaven's free bounty thy worth shall assure. 
One be thy branches, each aiding the other, 

Joy in thy glory, thy future secure. 
Here, Alma Mater, we hail thee and greet thee, 

Bender our tribute of love freely given. 
May we be proved, like our offering we bring thee, 

Sons of our mother and sunshine of heaven. 

Then came the class picture, taken on 
the steps of the Science Building, by photog- 
rapher Reed. By this time the crowd was 
filling the chapel to witness the pretty and 
impressive ceremony of the Senior's last 
chapel. As usual the chapel was packed to 
overflowing. The Juniors occupied the 
Walker Gallery. President Hyde read from 
the scriptures and offered prayer, and a 
quartette, consisting of Messrs. Peaks, Mcln- 
tyre, White, and Willard rendered excellent 
music. Then the Seniors, in a closely-locked, 
swaying body, marched slowly the length of 
the long chapel and between the uncovered 
ranks of the three lower classes, drawn up 
in order outside to receive them. "Auld 
Lang Syne" was sung as they marched, and 
it was a very impressive ceremony. All felt 
deeply the significance of the occasion. The 
marching was led by Marshal Dewey. Once 
outside they cheered the college and each of 
the lower classes, and the latter united in 
cheering '95. 



Ivy Hop. 
YT7HE annual Ivy Hop was held in Town 
•*• Hall, Friday evening, and was one of 

the most brilliant and enjoyable social affairs 
that Brunswick has known in recent years. 



It was preceded by a concert by the Ger- 
mania Band, which furnished unsurpassed 
music for the long order of dances. There 
were over eighty couples of merry young 
dancers, and the gallery was crowded with 
spectators enjoying the beautiful scene below. 
Supper was served in the Court Room by 
Murray, of Waterville. 



Following was the order 
Waltz — Robin Hood. 
Sohottische— Old Missip. 
Two-step — Volunteer. 
Waltz — Paul Jones. 
Two-step — Light Brigade. 
Lanciers — College. 
Polka— Excelsior. 
Two-step— Belle of Chicago 
Waltz— Artist Life. 



of dances: 

DeKoveu. 
Tracy. 

. Metra. 



Wein garten. 

Loomis. 

Tracy. 

■ . Sousa. 

Strauss. 



Braham. 



Reeves. 

Ross. 

Rollinson. 



INTERMISSION. 

Waltz— Poor Jonathan. 
Schottische— Cake Walk. 
Two-step — Brownella. 
Portland Fancy — Medley. 
Waltz — Love's Dreamland. 
Two- step — 2d Conn. 
Schottische— Lovely May. 
Two- step— Parade. 
Waltz — Auf Wiedersehen. 

Three extras were added to this, and it 
was dawn before the memorable Ivy Hop of 
'96 was over. The patronesses were Mrs. 
Robinson, Mrs. Houghton, Mrs. Mitchell, 
Mrs. Lee, Mrs. Moody, Mrs. Young, Mrs. 
Woodruff, Mrs. Files, Mrs. MacDonald, and 
Mrs. Hutchins. E. H. Lyford was floor 
manager, and his aids were A. P. Ward, M. 
Warren, J. H. Libby, and G. T. Ordway. 



Two thousand six hundred sick excuses have 
been presented at Harvard during the present 
college year, representing an absence from college 
duties of over 16,000 days. 

Dartmouth has graduated forty college presi- 
dents, sixty members of congress, twenty-four 
governors of states, and two hundred college 
professors. 

A shrewd little fellow, who had just begun the 
study of Latin, astonished his teacher by the fol- 
lowing tianslation: " Vir, a man; gin, a trap; 
virgin, a man-trap." — Eos, 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



67 



Sowdoir? ^)ep§e. 

Gale River, Franconia. 

To Mrs. Etta H . 

Tripping o'er the shining ledges, greeting with its 

voice the sunlight, 
Plying down the precipices, flinging off the shiver- 
ing spray. 
Shouting in its wanton madness, hasting down to 

seize its birthright, 
Dashing down the ringing pathway, singing ever 
on its way. 
Hurrying always, leaping its barriers, 
Reckless it rushes, rejoicing in freedom. 
Calling to the clouds about it, staying never, down- 
ward plunging, 
Hurrying down the livelong day. 

Darting into darkening shadows, running round the 

granite boulders, 
Rippling o'er the bubbling pebbles, resting in the 

quiet pool. 
Out again : in careless blindness flung from off the 

massive shoulders 
Of the stolid, mighty rock wall, where the mossy 
caverns cool, 
Trying to hide it, but echo its laughter. 
Springing to light, it exults in its gladness. 
Twinkling down, the tinkling liquid of its melody 
proclaims it, 
As it hastens to its goal. 

Roaring through the gloomy gorges, now it leaves 

the rugged mountain : 
Glides into the peaceful valley; slower now it flows 

along, 
Ling'ring by the whisp'ring alders: trilling rill and 

flashing fountain 
Join the music of their voices merged and mingled. 
Clear and strong 
Rises the harmony, as the glad river 
On through Franconia's beautiful valley 
Strays, and yet delays to leave it, for it loves to sing 
the beauty, 
In the worship of its song. 

thou, blest of all the rivers ! Where thy crystal 

waters, scattered, 
Plash and sparkle in the sunlight, there is nature's 

wonderland. 



Lafayette, the queen of mountains ; Kinsman's giant 

wall; the shattered 
Towers of Eagle Cliffs; and all the others are thy 
guardians grand. 
And fairer than dreamland, Franconia's vale 
Receives thy full homage, the gift of thy song, 
Full expression of thy nature, nature-song of thy 
grand birthright, 
Song thy lovers understand. 



"Those Homely Tales of Simple, 
Friendly Folk." 

How sweet the tale of common folk, 
When told by those who love them ; 
How fair their humble country homes; 
How blue the skies above them. 

How beautiful the hillsides are, 
When love gives soul to labor; 
How soft the rocky road becomes, 
When trod to help a neighbor. 

How musical tbe river's song, 
Beyond the hillslope rushing; 
What wondrous message from the East 
In sunrise glory flushing. 

How fragrant is the breath of June; 
How golden autumn's glowing; 
How gently fall the tears of spring; 
How soft and still the snowing. 

And they who dwell in simple homes, 
With fields and woods around them, 
Though they may be but common folk, 
Uncommon grace has found them. 

What pleasant paths their footsteps find 
Across the hills called Living; 
How quick their honest hearts to feel 
The meaning of Thanksgiving. 

How fair the gardens of their lives 
Where summer flowers forever 
In fragrant beauty show to all 
The blessed sunshine's Giver. 

simple, friendly, common folk, 
The strength and soul of nation ; 
God bless the kindly hand that draws 
The grandeur of your station. 



68 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 




Of the twenty-five provis- 
ional Commencement appoint- 
ments from '95, nineteen read articles 
before a committee of the Faculty, 
the other six being excused. From 
these nineteen the following six have 
been selected to appear on the Commencement 
stage : A. Gr. Axtell, B. L. Bryant, L. C. Hatch, 
G. B. Mayo, H. A. Moore, and B. T. Parker. 

Senior vacation this week. 

Now for Commencement week. 

Cary, '87, was here several days last week. 

Everybody missed the boat race on Ivy morning. 

Tennis is the game which is most popular just 
now. 

The '98 banquet takes place some evening this 
week. 

Dole, '97, has returned to college after a long 
absence. 

Hull, '97, has been elected base-ball captain for 
next year. 

Bodge, '97, has been given a trial as pitcher by 
the Lewiston League team. 

No college field day this year; no boat race. It 
made quite a difference in Ivy week. 

The question of electives for next year is now 
an all-important one with each student. 

The Commencement concert next Wednesday 
evening will be the musical event of the year. 

e A x's flower bed has been tastefully arranged 
about the large elm in front of North Appleton. 

The Sophomores took their examinations for 
the Sewall Latin prize on tbo afternoon of the 11th. 

Robinson, '96, is quite seriously ill at his home 
in Deering. He is suffering from an attack of 
typhoid fever. 

Varrell, '97, has been elected secretary and 
treasurer of the Boating Association in place of 
Home, '97, resigned. 

Boyd and Churchill, '95, spent Memorial Day 
with Kenniston, '92, and Blair, '95, at their homes 
at Boothbav Harbor. 



The triangular flower garden between Massa- 
chusetts and Memorial Halls was never more 
beautiful than this year. 

President Peaks, of the Junior Class, gave an 
informal but very delightful reception to his class- 
mates in his room after the Ivy exercises. 

The following kind words were spoken of the 
Orient by one of our Western exchanges : 

" The best verse of the week is found in the 
Bowdoin Orient, which, besides its other well- 
filled departments, contains a very good story, 
'Molly.'" 

The Maine college field day at Waterville, June 
8th, was so nearly a straight Bowdoin field day that 
the annual field day at Topsham was not held this 
year. 

A new game has been introduced upon the 
campus. The residents of North Appleton of late 
have been amusing themselves playing quoits with 
horseshoes. 

The vocal selection by the quartette on Ivy Day 
at seniors' last chapel was extremely well rendered, 
and received favorable comment from many of the 
visitors present. 

The new descriptive catalogue of the Bowdoin 
College Art Collections, prepared by Prof. Johnson, 
was issued June 13th. Copies may bo obtained at 
the Art Building. 

Professor Files entertained the Senior division 
in German at his home on the evening of the 5th. 
A very pleasant evening and one long to be remem- 
bered was indulged in by all. 

Mr. Booker and assistants are very busy just at 
present trimming the lawns, setting out the flower 
beds, and making everything in general look in 
fine condition for Commencement week. 

Some of the young alumni who were present 
Ivy Day were Royal and Pendleton, '90; Bucknam, 
Goodell, Barker, and Payson, '93; Knight, Bliss, E. 
Thomas, Jr., and W. W. Thomas 2d, '94. 

The river is commencing to offer many attrac- 
tions now. The weather is now warm enough to 
usually ensure good swimming and there have also 
been quite a number of boating excursions. 

Dewey, '95, Minot, '96, and Home, '97, were 
three of the officials at the fifth annual field day 
of the M. I. S. A. A. at Bangor, June 1st. Bangor 
and Portland High Schools were tied for first place 
with 394 points each. 

Quite a good deal more going on nowadays. 
The campus presents a lively appearance. By the 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



69 



way, the latter has been much ornamented by the 
filling up of that large flower-bed near Massachu- 
setts Hall. The walks have been trimmed up, too. 

E. R. Mayo, '60, whose son is a member of '95, 
visited the college last week. He visited his old 
room, 15 A. H., for tho first time in thirty-five years 
and found his name plainly legible on the closet 
door where he wrote it with pencil in 1859. 

Several Bowdoin men took the examination for 
West Point at Lewiston last week. Thompson, '97, 
ranked second in a long list of applicants, and 
Haskell, '96, ranked third. The former has been 
nominated as alternate. W. G. Glidden of New- 
castle, a Harvard student, ranked first in the 
examination. 

The Senior base-ball game was held Thursday, 
June 6th. It consumed most of the forenoon and 
as usual was the occasion of unbounded fun. The 
costumes were a feature. The " Taffies" beat the 
" Little Billees" 17 to 13 after a most exciting con- 
test. Denuison and Dudley were the pitchers. 
The features were too numerous to mention. 

The Misses Walker, who donated the Art Build- 
ing to the college, are soon to leave on an extended 
European tour. They have again shown their 
generosity by presenting to the town of Peabody, 
Mass., a large tract of land to be used for a public 
park, which, with land previously given by other 
friends of the town, will procure for Peabody one 
of the finest parks in the country. 

E. W. Wheeler, who was to be one of the prin- 
cipal disputants in the Sophomore debate, has been 
obliged to leave college this term before he expected 
to, in order to take the position which he fills during 
the summer, that of telegraph operator at North 
Conway. The absence of Wheeler, together with 
that of Condon, who is teaching in the northern 
part of New Hampshire, has occasioned a post- 
ponement of the debate till the fall term. 

The college has recently come into possession, 
by gift from the heirs, of the large collection of 
minerals made by the late Dr. Caleb Strong Whit- 
man of Gardiner, Me. It has not yet been thor- 
oughly examined, but consists of more than one 
thousand specimens, and is undoubtedly the most 
important addition to our collection since Professor 
Cleavelaud's death. It will be arranged in cases in 
the Cleaveland Cabinet as rapidly as possible, and 
known as the Dr. Caleb Strong Whitman collection. 

The last examinations of '95 were held June 
10th, 11th, and 12th, and on the evening of Wednes- 



day, June 12th, the Seniors' banquet was held at 
Hotel Atwood, Lewiston, Me. Nearly 40 members 
of the class attended, and it was a most enjoyable 
and memorable occasion. The banquet was a 
sumptuous one. Albert Mitchell, Jr., was a most 
efficient toast-master. The following toasts were 
responded to : 'Ninety-five, A. H. Stetson ; Faculty, 
J.B.Roberts; The Ladies, G. C. Webber; Bruns- 
wick, J. E. Hicks ; Our Alma Mater, W. M. Ingra- 
ham ; Our Athletes, H. L. Fairbanks ; Our Future, 
G. B. Mayo. 



fl[tye\JBS. 

BASE-BALL. 
Bowdoin, 13; Tufts, 12. 
The most exciting game of the season was 
played with Tufts on the delta, May 29th. Tufts 
led until the last inning, when the terrific batting of 
the home team won us the victory. Hull's home 
run was the first of the season for the team, and 
the only one made by any player on the delta this 
season. A phenomenal catch by Haines was a feat- 
ure. The score follows: 

BOWDOIN. 

A.B. R. IB. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Fairbanks, 3b., .... 6 2 3 5 2 4 

Leighton, c.f., .... 2 2 1 

Coburn, s.s 5 1 1 3 3 2 

Bodge, p., 6 1 2 4 3 1 

Hull, c, 4 2 3 7 10 1 

Dane, 2b 4 1 1 4 3 

Wilson, lb., 5 1 1 112 

Haines, l.f 5 2 2 3 1 

Warren, r.f 5 1 1 1 1 

Harris, o.f 2 1 1 1 

Totals, 44 13 15 29 27 10 11 

TUFTS. 

A.B. R. lb. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Corridan, s.s., .... 4 2 1 1 7 2 

Maguire, lb., 5 21 117 1 

Pierce, 2b 5 1 2 5 2 

Smith, c, 5 1 3 4 1 

Johnston, 3b 5 1 1 1 1 2 1 

Holbrook, c.f., .... 5 1 1 2 1 2 

Kay, l.f., 5 1 1 1 2 

Richardson, p 2 1 4 

Clark, r.f., 4 3 2 2 

Totals, 40 12 8 11 27 19 8 

SCORE BY INNINGS. 

123456789 

Bowdoin 00150400 3—13 

Tufts, 13111050 0—12 



70 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Earned runs— Bowdoin 4, Tufts 2. Two-base hits- 
Hull, Haines, Holbrook. Three-base hits— Fairbanks, 
Coburn, Bodge, Smith. Homerun — Hull. Stolen bases — 
Bowdoin 5, Tufts 4. Double play — Richardson, Pierce, 
and Maguire. Bases on balls— by Bodge 7, by Richardson 
2. Struck out— by Bodge 9, by Richardson 3. Passed 
balls— Hull 5, Smith. Time— 2h. 15m. Umpire— S. J. 
Kelley. 

Bowdoin, 8; Colby, 5. 

June 4th, Bowdoin defeated Colby on the delta 
in a hard-fought and exciting game, by the score of 
8 to 5. Colby led until the eighth inning, when 
the Bowdoin boys got in their work with the bat 
and pounded out the game, bunching six hits in 
that inning, with a result of six runs. Patterson 
pitched a magnificent game and was a puzzle to 
Bowdoin except in this inning. Bodge was only 
found for four scattered hits, but was rather wild. 
Among the features were a star catch by Haines in 
left field, the catch of a difficult foul by Wilson, the 
base running of Fairbanks, and a pretty double play 
by Coburn, Dane, and Wilson. Brooks made some 
difficult stops on first. The detailed score : 

BOWDOIN. 

A.E. R. E.H. T.E. P.O. A. E. 

Fairbanks, 3b., .... 2 3 1 1 1 2 1 

Coburn, s.s 5 1 1 2 1 4 1 

Bodge, p., 5 2 2 2 2 2 

Hull, c, l.f 5 1 1 4 2 

Harris, c.f., 5 1 

Dane, 2b., 5 1 1 1 4 3 1 

Wilson, lb 4 1 1 2 9 

Warren, r.f., 3 1 1 1 1 1 

Haines, l.f., c, .... 3 1 4 2 

Totals, .... 37 8 8 10 27 15 6 

COLBY. 

A.E. B. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Brooks, lb 4 1 1 8 

Burton, c.f 5 1 

Patterson, p 5 1 1 1 2 1 

Coffin, c 4 1 10 3 

Desmond, r.f 3 

Jackson, s.s 4 1 1 2 3 1 

Watkins, 2b., .... 3 1 1 1 1 

Hanson, l.f 2 

Austin, 3b., 3 1 1 1 1 1 

Totals, 33 5 4 5 *22 8 4 

^Fairbanks out, interference with thrown ball ; Coburn 
out, infield fly. 

SCORE BY INNINGS. 

123456789 
Bowdoin, .... 1 1 6 x— 8 

Colby 02200100 0—5 

Two-base hits — Coburn, Wilson, Jackson. Passed 
balls— Hull, Haines. Wild pitch— Bodge 2. Base on 
balls— by Bodge 7, by Patterson 5. Hit by pitched ball- 
Coffin. Struck out— by Bodge 5, by Patterson 10. Double 



play— Coburn, Dane, and Wilson. Time — lh. 50m. Um- 
pire — Toothaker. 

Portsmouth Athletic Club, 11 ; Bowdoin, 9- 
June 5th Bowdoin played the team of the Ports- 
mouth Athletic Club at Portsmouth, and was beaten 
11 to 9, by hard luck in the eighth inning. The 
score follows: 

P. A. C. 

A.B. B. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Whalen, l.f 4 1 2 2 2 

Donahue, 2b 5 2 1 4 1 2 

Tufts, lb 5 2 2 10 1 

Lerouche, p 5 1 1 1 

Mates, c.f., 4 1 1 2 1 1 

Mahoney, c, 3 1 12 1 

Eaves, s.s., 2 2 3 2 

Woods, r.f 3 3 

Crishan, 3b 3 1 2 1 1 

34 11 7 10 27 7 8 

BOWDOIN. 

A.B. R. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Fairbanks, 3b 3 2 1 1 3 3 1 

Coburn, s.s., 5 2 3 5 2 2 2 

Bodge, r.f 3024000 

Hull, l.f., 5 1 3 

Harris, p., 4 1 3 

Dane, 2b 5 1 2 2 3 3 

Wilson, lb 3 9 2 

Warren, c.f 4 3 

Haines, c 5 2 3 4 4 2 

Totals 37 9 11 16 24 13 8 

SCORE BY INNINGS. 

123456789 
P. A. C, .... 1 2 2 6 x— 11 
Bowdoin 103201011—9 

M. S. C, 19; Bowdoin, 2. 
Our team relinquished, without a struggle, all 
claim to the pennant in its game at Waterville 
with Maine State College, June 10th. The game 
was slow and spiritless, and H. S. C. won hands 
down. It proved a decided "off day" for our team, 
as have so many previous days when it was expected 
to play ball. The score follows, and the hit and 
error columns tell the sad story. 
M. S. C. 

A.B. R. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Bass, p., 6 2 2 1 2 

Frost, l.f 7 2 3 3 1 1 

Palmer, c 6 3 2 2 8 2 

Welsh, s.s 7 2 1 1 5 2 2 

Farrell, 3b 3 4 1 1 1 2 2 

Emery, r.f 6 3 2 3 

DeHaseth, lb., .... 5 2 3 5 9 

Brann, c.f., 3 2 1 

Dolley, 2b., 5 1 2 2 2 2 1 

Totals, 48 19 16 19 27 11 6 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



71 



BOWDOIN. 

A.B. R. E.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Fairbanks, 3b., .... 5 1 1 7 1 3 

Leighton, c.f., .... 5 1 1 

Coburn, s.s., 5 1 2 5 1 6 2 

Bodge, p 4 2 2 8 2 

Hull, l.f., 4 1 1 3 

Dane, 2b 4 1 1 2 1 1 

.. 3 10 2 
..4011001 



Wilson, lb., 
Warren, r.f., 
Haines, c, 



3 4 11 



Totals 37 2 



11 27 17 13 



SCORE BY INNINGS. 

123456789 

M. S. C 6 2 3 2 1 5—19 

Bowdoin, ....0 1 10—2 
Earned runs— M. S. C. 1, Bowdoin 1. Two-base hit — 
Emery. Three-base hit — DeHaseth. Home run— Co- 
burn. Stolen bases — by Palmer 2, DeHaseth 2, Farrel 2, 
Brann 2, Leighton, Bodge, Hull. Double play — Frost and 
Welch. Bases on balls— by Bass 1, by Bodge 10. Struck 
out— Bass, Frost, Welsh, Brann 2, Fairbanks, Leighton, 
Coburn, Hull, Dane, Warren, Haines. Passed balls — 
Palmer 3, Haines 1. Time — 2h. 30m. Umpire — Kelley. 

Colby, 8; Bowdoin, 6. 
On the next day, June 11th, the Bowdoin and 
Colby nines came to Augusta and played their third 
closely fought game of the season, the last one of 
the league series. Our nine put up a much better 
exhibition than on the preceding day, but still it 
was not winning base-ball, and Colby, which is 
represented by its weakest team for years, pulled 
out a victory in the eighth inning. The score : 
COLBY. 

A.B. B. B.H. P.O. A. E. 

Brooks, lb., 5 2 111 2 

Burton, p., c.f 5 2 4 2 3 

Patterson, c.f., p., 5 2 1 

Coffin, c 4 6 

Jackson, s.s., 3 1 1 1 

McLellan, 2b., 4 1 1 1 2 

Watkins, l.f., 4 1 2 2 1 

Hanson, r.f., 4 1 2 1 



Austin, 3b., 



4 2 2 2 1 



Totals, 37 

BOWDOIN. 



14 27 9 3 



A.B. K. B.H. P.O. A. E. 

Fairbanks, 3b., 5 2 4 2 1 1 

Leighton, c.f., 5 1 

Coburn, s.s., 5 1 1 1 1 2 

Bodge, lb 4 1 2 8 1 

Hull, l.f 4 1 1 

Dane, 2b 5 6 4 

Harris, p., 4 2 

Warren, r.f., 4 1 1 1 



Haines, c, 



12 5 2 



Totals, 



24 11 5 



SCORE BY INNINGS. 

123456789 

Colby, 01002203 x— 8 

Bowdoin 00113010 0—6 

Earned runs— Colby 1, Bowdoin 3. Two-base hits — 
Brooks, Patterson, Fairbanks, Coburn. Stolen bases- 
Colby 3, Bowdoin 9. Double plays— Watkins and McLel- 
lan. Bases on balls— off Burton 3, Patterson 1, Harris 1. 
Bases on hit by pitched ball— Haines. Struck out— by 
Burton 3, by Patterson 2, by Harris 3. Passed balls— Cof- 
fin 2. Umpire— Kelley. Time— lh. 50m. 

SUMMARY OF BASE-BALL SEASON. 

Bowdoin has nothing to be proud of in this 

branch of athletics this spring. In the Maine league 

we are tied with Colby for last place, since M. S. C, 

as it has been aptly said, has won both first and 

second places. 

= J >, ° 
3 § « S3 

? |J S4 fc 

Maine State College 5 1 6 833 

Bowdoin 2 4 6 333 

Colby 2 4 6 333 

Our two victories were won on the home grounds. 
In games outside the league we have beaten Tufts, 
Boston College, and Kent's Hill, and have lost games 
to Andover, Bates, Maine Central Institute, Tufts, 
Portsmouth, and the Portland and Lewistou league 
teams. May next season bring us a succession of 
victories that shall completely wipe out the memory 
of this year's inglorious record. 

MAINE INTERCOLLEGIATE FIELD DAY. 

The first annual Field Day of the Maine Inter- 
collegiate Athletic Association was held on the new 
quarter-mile cinder track on the Colby campus, 
Saturday, June 8th. As was expected it proved a 
complete walk-over for the Bowdoin athletes, and we 
left only a third of the points to be divided among 
the other three colleges. Over one hundred Bow- 
doin men accompanied the team in special cars, 
and Bowdoin owned Waterville for that day and 
evening. It was a gala-day for the wearers of the 
white, and shows well our relative standing in 
Maine in the most popular branch of athletics. 

Bowdoin scored in 14 of the 15 events, won 13 
firsts, 8 seconds, and 10 thirds. Soule in the long 
runs, Home in the sprints and hurdles, and Bates 
in the field events did the great work of the after- 
noon. The puncturing of Stearnes' tire prevented 
us from scoring in the bicycle race. New Bowdoin 
records were made in the pole vault, 1,20-yard hur- 
dles, and throwing the hammer, and in the latter 
Kimball also broke the New England Intercollegiate 



72 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



record. The day was perfect for the meet, and a 
large crowd was in attendance. 

The following were the officers of the day : Track 
Events — Referee, E. H. Carlton; Judges of Finish, 
Professor A. J. Roberts, J. F. Larrabee, Dr. Dyer; 
Timers, Mr. Knight, E. T. Wyman, P. B. Gilman; 
Judge of Walking, Elias Thomas, Jr.; Starter, Dr. 
Whittier; Clerk of Course, Dr. W. S. Bayley; Scorer, 
W. L. Waters. Fixed Events— Measurers, E. E. 
Gibbs, R. L. Thompson ; Judges, Prof. H. B. Jack- 
son, Lieut. Hersey; Scorers, J. W. Crawford, W. L. 
Gray. Marshal, Ralph Plaisted. 

The summaries: 

100- Yards Dash. 
Won by Home, Bowdoin; Bolster, Bates, second; 
Fairbanks, Bowdoin, third. Time, lis. 
Half-Mile Run. 
Won by Soule, Bowdoin ; Hubbard, Colby, second ; 
Bisbee, Bowdoin, third. Time, 2m. 13Js. 
120- Yards Hurdle. 
Won by Home, Bowdoin ; Lord, Bowdoin, second; 
Merrill, M. S. C, third. Time, 17s. 

Two-Mile Safety Bicycle Race. 
Won by Harthorne, Colby; Ellis, M. S. C, sec- 
ond ; Pratt, Colby, third. Time, 5m. 42s. 
440-Yards Dash. 
Won by Kendall, Bowdoin ; Wiley, Bowdoin, 
second ; Barker, Colby, third. Time, 531s. 
Mile Run. 
Won by Soule, Bowdoin ; Holyoke, M. S. C, sec- 
ond ; Bass, Bowdoin, third. Time, 4m. 52is. 
220- Yards Hurdle. 
Won by Doberty, Bowdoin ; Lord, Bowdoin, sec- 
ond; Home, Bowdoin, third. Time, 30£s. 
220-Yards Dash. 
Won by Home, Bowdoin; Palmer, M. S. C, sec- 
ond; Stetson, Bowdoin, third. Time, 23s. 
Mile Walk. 
Won by Pettingill, Bowdoin ; Merrill, M. S. C, 
second; Warren, Bowdoin, third. Time, 8m. 23Js. 
Two-Mile Run. 
Won by Soule, Bowdoin; Walker, M. S. C, sec- 
ond; Hall, Colby, third. Time, 10m. 294s. 
Pole Vault. 
Won by Bates, Bowdoin; Minott, Bowdoin, sec- 
ond; Haskell, Bowdoin, third. Height, 9ft. 8in. 
Putting 16-Le. Shot. 
Won by Bates, Bowdoin; Kimball, Bowdoin, 
second; Cutts, Bates, third. Distance, 35ft. lin. 
Running High Jump. 
Won by Borden, Bowdoin; A. A. French, Bow- 



doin, second; Bates, Bowdoin, third. Height, 5ft. 
44in. 

Throwing 16-Lb. Hammer. 
Won by Kimball, Bowdoin; Bates, Bowdoin, 
second; A. A. French, Bowdoin, third. Distance, 
113ft. 6in. 

Running Broad Jump. 
Won by Bolster, Bates; J. S. French, Bowdoin, 
second ; Lord, Bowdoin, third. Distance, 20ft. 2£in. 

w g a w 



100-yard dash 6 3 

Half-mile run 6 3 

120-yard hurdle, 8 1 

440-yard dash 8 1 

Mile run 6 3 

Two-mile bicycle 3 6 

220-yard hurdle, 9 

220-yard dash 6 3 

Mile walk, 6 3 

Two-mile run, 5 3 1 

Pole vault 9 

Putting shot, 8 1 

Running high jump, 9 

Throwing hammer, 9 

Running broad jump 4 5 

Totals, 99 16 11 9 

MAINE INTERCOLLEGIATE TENNIS. 

The fourth annual tenuis tournament of the 
Maine colleges was held in Portland June 4, 5, 6, 
and 7. Bowdoin was represented by Philip Dana, 
'96, and Benjamin Webster, Jr., '98, in singles, and 
Dana, '96, and Fogg, '96, and Dana, '98, and Ives, 
'98, in doubles, these being the winners of first and 
second places in our college tournament. The 
tournament was unusually close and exciting, and 
the result, for the first time in the four years that 
the association has been formed, is not gratifying 
to Bowdoin men. Our representatives have never 
before failed to bring home at least two of the 
three cups, but this year two cups went to Bates 
and one to M. S. C. Following is the score of the 
tournament: 

For First Prize in Singles. 
Dana, Bowdoin, beat Hilton, Bates, 6-4, 6-3. 
Pettigrew, Bates, beat Gibbs, M. S. C, 6-2, 6-2. 
Webster, Bowdoin, beat King, Colby, 6-3,6-4. 
Haywood, M. S. C, beat McFadden, Colby, 6-4, 6-2. 
Pettigrew, Bates, beat Dana, Bowdoin, 0-6, 6-1, 10-8. 
Haywood, M. S. C, beat Webster, Bowdoin, 2-6, 6-2, 6-4. 
Haywood, M. S. C.beat Pettigrew, Bates, 1-6, 6-2, 3-6, 

6-4, 6-4. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



73 



For Second Prize in Singles. 

Pettigrew, Bates, beat Webster, Bowdoin, 6-2, 6-2. 
For First Prize in Doubles. 

Dana and Ives, Bowdoin, beat Boothby and Stanley, 
Bates, 6-3, 3-6, 6-4. 

Dana and Fogg, Bowdoin, beat Haywood and Gibbs, M. 
S. C, 6-0, 2-6, 6-4. 

Pettigrew and Hilton, Bates, beat Foss and Alden, Colby, 
6-2,4-6,6-1. 

Dana and Fogg, Bowdoin, beat Dana and Ives, Bowdoin, 
6-0, 3-6, 6-3. 

Pettigrew and Hilton, Bates, bjat King and MeFadden, 
Colby, 6-2, 6-2. 

Pettigrew and Hilton, Bates, beat Dana and Fogg, Bow- 
doin, 0-6, 6-1, 6-2, 5-7, 6-3. 
The winners of the championships up to date 

are as follows : 

Singles. 

1892.— N. W. Howard, Bates. 
1893.— F. W. Dana, Bowdoin. 
1894.— F. W. Dana, Bowdoin. 
1895— H. H. Haywood, M. S. C. 

Doubles. 
1892. — Pierce and Pickard, Bowdoin. 
1893. — Pierce and Pickard, Bowdoin. 
1894.— F. W. Dana and Pickard, Bowdoin. 
1895.— Pettigrew and Hilton, Bates. 

Second Prize Singles. 
1892.— F. W. Dana, Bowdoin. 
1893.— J. H. Pierce, Bowdoin. 
1894.— Haywood, M. S. C. 
1895.— Pettigrew, Bates. 

It will be noticed that Bowdoin has won five 
first places, Bates two, M. S. C. one, and Colby 
none. This year is just an exception to prove the 
rule that Bowdoin is as far superior to the other 
Maine colleges in tenuis as it is in foot-ball and 
field and track sports. Next year the cups will 
return to Bowdoin. 



©©liege \J9orld. 

Treed. 
A sprnce young man adored a maid — 

His love sbe did decline; 
And this young man, so spruce before, 
Turned quick as thought to pine. 

— U. of P. Courier. 
Princeton held her 148th annual commencement 
during the week beginning June 10th. 

After the final settlement of the Stanford estate 
and Stanford University has gotten its share, it will 
have an income three times as great as that of 
Harvard, the richest American university. 



It is said that in Vassar they call gum an elective 
because they needn't take it unless they chews. 

At a recent discussion as to the relative merits 
of the patriotism of Harvard and Tale in the Civil 
War, the following figures have been brought to 
light : Harvard sent 965 graduates and 265 under- 
graduates to the war. Yale sent 600 graduates and 
229 under-graduates. 




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BOWDOIN ORIENT. 

^COMMENCEMENT NUMBER. ^5 



Vol. XXV. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, JULY 3, 1895. 



No. 5. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 

PUBLISHED EVERY ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY DURING 
THE COLLEGIATE YEAR BY THE STUDENTS OF 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE. 

EDITORIAL BOARD. 

J. C. Minot, '96, Editor-in-Chief. 

C. W. Marston, '96, Assistant Editor-in-Chief. 

H. R. Blodgett, '96, Business Manager. 

G. T. Ordway, '96. H. H. Pierce, '96. 

H. Gilpatric, '96. R. S. Hagar, '97. 

P. P. Baxter, '98. T. L. Marble, '98 

C. C. Smith, '98. 



Per annum, in advance, $2.00. 

Single Copies 15 Cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Manager. 

Remittances should he made to the Business Manager. Com. 
munications in regard to all other matters should he directed to 
the Editor-in-Chief. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must he 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Bowdoin Verse Department should be 
sent to Box 1155, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should he sent to Box 1091, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post-Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 
Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston. 

CONTENTS. 

Vol. XXV., No. 5.— July 3, 1895. 

E oito ria l Notes 75 

Commencement Exercises: 

Baccalaureate Sermon by President Hyde 76 

Junior Prize Declamation 82 

'95's Class Day S3 

Oration 83 

Poem 85 

Opening Address 8S 

Class History 90 

Class Prophecy 9-2 

Parting Address 1 00 

Smoking the Pipe of Peace 101 

Class Ode 101 

Cheering the Halls 101 

Commencement Ball 101 

Graduation Exercises 102 

The Agnostic and the Dogmatist (Goodwin Commence- 
ment Prize) 102 

Commencement Dinner 104 

Medical School Graduation 106 

Medical Progress (Medical School Oration) 107 

President's Keception HO 

Maine Historical Society 1 10 

Honorary Appointments HO 

Prizes and Awards ! .111 

Phi Beta Kappa ! i . Ill 

Boards of Overseers and Trustees HI 

List of Alumni Present .112 

Commencement Concert \ '. '112 

Class Reunions 112 

Fraternity Reunions 113 

Collegii Tabula 1 13 

Personal H4 

College World 115 




and 

another eventful Commencement week is 
over. The members of the large and strong 
Class of '95 are no longer undergraduates, 
but are enrolled on the long list of old Bow- 
doin's alumni. When this Orient reaches 
its readers the halls and dormitories will be 
silent and deserted, asleep for the long sum- 
mer months, and their occupants will be 
scattered far and wide over many States. 
The year that has passed has been a pleasant 
and profitable one for us all, full of progress 
and prosperity for our loved college, and a 
fitting beginning for the new era and the 
new century that have opened for it. In 
contrast to last year's Commencement week, 
with its grand centennial celebration, its 
great gathering of dignitaries and loyal 
alumni, its imposing exercises in the church 
and on the campus, the present Commence- 
ment has seemed rather quiet and uneventful. 
Also the inclement weather, which unfortu- 
nately continued throughout the week, was 
a disappointment to many and helped make 
it an "off year." But the reaction was not 
so great as was expected. Many alumni 
were back, visitors were numerous, interest 
and enthusiasm were high throughout. The 
literary exercises were all of an unusually 



76 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



high order, and it will stand as a successful 
Commencement week. It is to be regretted 
that more lower-classmen did not remain 
over to enjoy the exercises of the week, and 
to get the pleasure and inspiration that 
always come from such occasions. To all, 
the Orient wishes a happy vacation. May 
our loved brothers of '95, who have severed 
forever active connection with Bowdoin, find 
flowers and sunshine along the way as they 
start out on the road of life; and may those 
of the other classes all return in September 
to begin the work of another year and to 
welcome our new brothers of '99. 



"T70LLOWING the usual custom, this num- 
-*• ber of the Orient is made strictly a 
Commencement number, and the attempt is 
made to give a full account of Class Day, 
the graduating exercises, and the numerous 
other events of the closing week of the year. 
The important literary parts are given in 
full. Extra numbers of this issue can be 
obtained by addressing John B. Thompson, 
care College Library, or Byron Stevens, 
Brunswick, Me. 



0TJR college took a step in the right direc- 
tion when the governing boards voted 
last week to offer certain alternatives for 
the admission requirements in Greek. Pres- 
ident Hyde strongly recommended this in 
his annual report, and the Faculty earnestly 
supported the proposed change. That the 
alumni approve the renovation was conclu- 
sively shown by the speeches at the alumni 
dinner. The step is a progressive one, a 
broadening movement, and yet Bowdoin's 
characteristic conservatism is shown by the 
terms of the change as given in another 
column. It fixes Bowdoin's position still 
more firmly at the front. While the step is 
an important one, its importance and signifi- 
cance have doubtless been greatly over-esti- 



mated by many not familiar with the condi- 
tions of the vote. It is far from being an 
assault on Greek, and that language and 
literature will hold iio less high and impor- 
tant a place than formerly. 



tommeiqeeFyeni ^xep©ii>ei,. 



Baccalaureate Sermon 

By Rev. William DbWitt Hyde, D.D., Presi- 
dent of Bowdoin College. 

Delivered Before the Class of '95, at the Congre- 
gational Church, Brunswick, Me., June 23, 1895. 



Howbeit I must go on my way to-day and to-morrow and the 
day following. Luke xiii., 33. 

There is no more pitiful creature than the man 
who tries to live on his past achievements. In the 
soldier it degrades the honest and heroic patriot 
whom we all admire almost to the point of rever- 
ence into the claimant for uufair privileges and the 
clamorer for dishonest pensions whom we can 
scarce endure. 

Thus the athlete, whose splendid physical devel- 
opment and magnificent prowess is the glory of 
his undergraduate days, sometimes degenerates 
into the graduate who hangs about the college 
after his student days are over, and feeds on the 
dry crumbs of his ancient fame, when he ought to 
be about some honest business. 

So the student, whose prizes and honors are the 
fitting crown of faithful student days, if he tries to 
live on bis college rank, and make capital of bis 
academic honors and degrees, becomes the disgrace 
of the college from which he comes and the laugh- 
ing-stock of the world to which he goes. Past 
achievement is not a life preserver on which a man 
may float forever on the stream of life. The value 
of past achievements, the worth of your college 
course, is simply the purpose and power it has 
developed, with which to breast and buffet the 
oncoming waves. 

We must remember the remark of Plotinus who, 
when he was told that the shade of Hercules in the 
meadow of asphodel rejoiced in the great deeds 
that he had done, replied that the shade of Hercules 
might thus boast to shades, hut that the true Her- 
cules accounted all past deeds as naught, "being 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



77 



transported, into a more sacred place, and strenu- 
ously engaging, even above his strength, in those 
contests in which the wise engage." 

In one aspect the great problem of life is the 
correlation and co-ordination of the successive 
parts of time so as to make a coherent and con- 
sistent whole. Edward Rowland Sill has happily 
expressed the problem and its true solution in his 
little poem entitled " Life : " 

Forenoon and afternoon and night, — Forenoon, 
And afternoon, and night, — Forenoon, and — what ? 
The empty song repeats itself. No more ? 
Yea, that is Life : make this forenoon sublime, 
This afternoon a psalm, this night a prayer, 
And Time is conquered, and thy crown is won. 
To-day and to-morrow and the day following — 
these days that seem so commonplace, that suc- 
ceed each other so monotouously, that fly so 
swiftly— these are the stuff that life is made of. 
Is there any way to bind these fleeting, fragmentary 
bits of time together so that each shall stand 
related to every other, and nothing shall be lost? 

We have three elements to put together: to-day, 
to-morrow, and the day following. And there are 
three ways of doing it, according as we start with 
either of these three terms. There is the way of 
the child, who makes the most of to-day, heedless 
of the days to come. There is the way of the 
practical man of the world, who looks out for 
to-morrow, scornful of laborious to-days, and uncon- 
cerned about days which may follow when to- 
morrow has come and gone. And third, there is 
the way of the mystic, who lives for the days that 
shall follow when these days of time are ended; 
unconcerned alike about the actual present and the 
immediate future. Let us examine one by one the 
way of the child, the way of the practical man, 
and the way of the mystic. In apprehending clearly 
their shortcomings, we may get a clue to the true 
solution. 

The child's life is a simple series of to-days. 
No thought of to-morrow, no concern about the 
day following, disturbs the equanimity with which 
he sucks the sweetness of to-day. This whole- 
heartedness with which the child gives himself to 
the pursuit of present pleasure and the gratification 
of immediate appetite is, in a large measure, the 
secret of his charm. It is so refreshing to the care- 
worn and anxious mind of the mature man and 
woman to see this sublime assurance of the child 
that somehow he is going to be taken care of, that 
we all agree with Jesus that there is something in 
it which we older folks must get if we are ever to 
enter a state of existence worthy to be called heaven. 



And yet we all see that this absolute surrender 
to immediate impulse, which is so charming in the 
child, will by no means of itself solve the problem 
of the man. Indeed this blissful unconcern, which is 
the glory of the child, is possible only because the 
forethought of the father and the devotion of the 
mother stand behind the child's serene to-day as 
the pledge and promise that he shall have as happy 
a to-morrow. Left to his own resources and 
devices, as alas too many an orphan is, the child 
must take on prematurely the burden and anxiety 
of life, or else not all his winsome ways will save 
him from starvation. 

Thus there is a truth aud an error in the child's 
attitude. The truth is that we must live whole- 
heartedly in the actual to-day. The error lies in 
forgetting that to-day stands in definite aud casual 
relations with to-morrow and the day following. 
Let us drop the error, but hold fast to the truth : 
for this truth must be an element in our final view 
of life. This then is the lesson which the little 
child must teach us : — Live fully, freely, joyously, 
effectively, to-day; but remember that no single 
day can stand apart, unrelated to the days that 
follow. 

The man of affairs fancies that he is wiser than 
the child. He fixes his eye upon to-morrow; for 
to-morrow will be a reality when to-day has ceased 
to be. Thus the man of affairs scorns delights and 
lives laborious to-days in expectation of easy and 
luxurious to-morrows. In thus escaping the child's 
fallacy he falls into a greater of his own. For after 
all,of the two, to-morrow is less real and certain than 
to-day. To-day, indeed, is fleeting and fugitive : 
but it is at least real while it lasts. To-morrow, on 
the other hand, is an ever-receding goal, and 
remains just so far beyond us, however hard we 
may try to lay hold upon it. Hence the man who 
locates his satisfaction in the future is always delud- 
ing himself with a teasing and elusive object. 
He never has the child's complete contentment 
with the present ; nor does he succeed in grasping 
the future for which the present is sacrificed. The 
habit of forecast, the attitude of anxiety, the dis- 
position to postpone enjoyment grows upon him, 
until genuine restfulness and peace and content- 
ment in the present and actual becomes for him 
impossible. Each to-morrow, as soon as it arrives, 
is converted into one more worried, anxious, unen- 
joyable to-day. Such is the bitter fruit of this 
anxious living for to-morrow, even in those cases 
where the attempt is moderately successful. And 
then how much more bitter is the disappointment, 



78 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



when these cherished plans for the future fail, as 
fail they so often must. One man labors for wealth, 
only to see the hard-earned fruits of long laborious 
years swept away in an instant by foolishly signing 
the note or bond of a son or relative or neighbor. 
A man devotes a life-time to clearing and developing 
a farm ; and the advent of a pest compels him in 
old age to abandon it. A man works all his life 
to develop a business, and just as he is ready to 
settle down and enjoy his leisure, and leave the 
business to his sons, a new invention, or a change 
in popular demand, makes the business worthless, 
and turns out father and sons alike to make their 
fortunes anew, or sink back into the ranks of the 
discouraged and unemployed, which the rapid 
march of economic progress is, in ever increasing 
numbers, leaving behind as stragglers along the 
industrial highway. Fond parents place their 
hopes upon their children ; and death bereaves 
them of their only hope and stay ; or dissipation 
and dishonor turn their sweetest hopes into the 
most bitter disappointment. 

The fearful risk involved in exchanging the 
sure and present happiness of the child-like heart 
for the uncertain objects of manly ambition is an 
old story, and perhaps was never more clearly set 
forth than in a conversation which Plutarch nar- 
rates between Pyrrhus and Cineas. Cineas, seeing 
Pyrrhus intent upon preparations for war against 
Italy, drew him into the following conversation : 
" If it pleases Heaven that we conquer the Romans, 
what use, sir, shall we make of our victory 1 " 
" Cineas," replied the king, " when the Romans are 
once subdued there is no town in all the country 
that will dare oppose us, but we shall immediately 
be masters of all Italy." Cineas, after a short 
pause, continued, " but after we have conquered 
Italy, what shall we do next, sir?" Pyrrhus, not 
yet perceiving his drift, replied, " There is Sicily 
very near, and stretches out her arms to receive us, 
a fruitful and populous island, and easy to be 
taken." " What you say, my prince, said Cineas, 
is very probable; but is the taking of Sicily to 
conclude our expeditions ? " " Far from it," 
answered Pyrrhus, " for if Heaven grants us suc- 
cess in this, that success shall only be the prelude 
to greater things. Who can forbear Libya and Car- 
thage, then within reach? And when we have 
made such conquests,' who can pretend to say that 
any of our enemies, who are now so insolent, will 
think of resisting us ? " " To be sure," said Cineas, 
" they will not; for it is clear that so much power 
will enable you to recover Macedonia, and to estab- 



lish yourself uncontested sovereign of Greece. 
But when we have conquered all, what are we to 
do then ? " " Why then, my friend," said Pyrrhus, 
laughing, " we will take our ease, and drink and be 
merry." Cineas, having brought him thus far, 
replied, "And what hinders us from drinking and 
taking our ease now, when we have already those 
things in our hands, which we propose to reach 
through seas of blood, through infinite toils and 
dangers, through innumerable calamities, which we 
must both cause and suffer? " Plutarch adds that 
"this discourse of Cineas gave Pyrrhus pain, but 
produced no reformation. He saw the certain hap- 
piness which he gave up, but was not able to forego 
the hopes that flattered his desires." 

The certain sacrifice of to-day and the very 
uncertain satisfaction of to-morrow ; and the inev- 
itable disposition, which this habit of mind involves, 
to turn even the satisfactory to-morrow, as soon as 
it arrives, into simply one more anxious and 
laborious to-day, combine to show that after all the 
practical man is not so very much wiser than the 
child. The child to be sure does not have his cake 
long ; but at least he has had the satisfaction of eat- 
ing it. The practical man neither eats it nor has it ; 
but deceives himself with the one mere expectation, 
by no means always well founded, that he is going 
to have it by and by. 

And yet we all see that in spite of its demon- 
strable folly, there is a grain, yes, there are several 
grains of truth in this practical man's attitude. A 
man dissatisfied is after all better in some ways than 
a child satisfied. Pyrrhus was nearer right than 
Cineas, although apparently Cineas got the better 
of the argument. Man is more than the mere 
creature of the moment, and demands something 
more than the gratification of immediate desires, 
before he can be really satisfied. Hero again we 
find both an error and a truth. The error consists 
in denying the reality and worth of the present. 
The truth in the affirmation that man's true satis- 
faction lies in something more than immediate 
appetite can grant, and something larger than 
the passing moment can contain. 

At this point enters the mystic, with his far-away 
look, and his other-worldly air. "Yes," he says; 
"the child sacrifices the long to-morrow for the 
brief to-day. The hard-headed man sacrifices the 
real to-day for the fictitious and ever-receding to- 
morrow. And then after all to-morrow is only a 
little longer to-day. All our to-morrows become to- 
days, and then they vanish into irrevocable yester- 
days. Come with me and I will teach you to live 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



79 



for day after to-morrow ; for the heavenly life which 
is to come when all these earthly days are ended." 
And so the mystic despises alike the pleasures of 
to-day and the anxieties that beset to-morrow. He 
renounces alike the fleeting present and the soon to 
*io fleeting future ; and appeals to a state of perma- 
nent beatitude boyond them both. You may find 
these counsels, dressed and served to suit your 
taste ; with a dash of heresy in the writings of 
Spinoza; with a flavor of piety in the imitation of 
Thomas a Kempis ; with an aroma of pessimism in 
the pages of Schopenhauer. Mysticism is an exag- 
geration of both the truths and both the errors we 
have discovered in the preceding attitudes. It 
reduces to nothingness and worthlessuess both the 
present and the temporal future, and pours con- 
tempt alike upon the joys of the child and the aims 
and ambitions of the man. This is its error and 
mistake. It declares that man demands an object 
and aim larger and more enduring than either the 
pleasures of the moment or the attainment of any 
merely individual and finite end. This is its partial 
and distorted witness to the final truth. 

The child, the man of affairs, and the mystic, 
each make one of these throe terms real at the 
expense of the other two. And in doing so they 
take away from tho one aspect of time which they 
strive to realize the greater portion of its reality 
and worth. The child's happy present is, or would 
be wore it not for the parent's intervention, made 
comparatively worthless by the reckless disregard 
of the future. The man's concern for tho immedi- 
ate future is vitiated by the barrenness of all his 
successive to-days, and the insecurity of his tempo- 
rary ends. And tho mystic's emphasis upon the 
day after to-morrow is made an empty and unreal 
thing, because we all see that the man who has 
developed no keen appetite for earthly pleasures 
and no stout heart for the conflicts of the world, 
will find himself poorly prepared to enjoy the heav- 
enly banquets, and ill fortified to "endure the fer- 
vors of the eternal morn. " 

Is there then any way to bind these three aspects 
of life together, so that we shall have the child's joy 
in to-day, the man's hope for to-morrow, and the 
mystic's confidence the day following ? Can enjoy- 
ment and service and sacrifice be so united, that 
each shall be an ever-present, all -con trolling, and 
eternally-enduring element in one consistent and 
coherent whole of life ? 

In the life of Jesus we find these three elements 
united. He came eating and drinking; was present 
find participating in festivities and feasts ; was suf- 



ficiently free and joyous in his mode of life to bring 
upon him the accusation of being a glutton and a 
wine-bibber. He was always ready to meet the 
concrete duty of the hour ; and when his disciples 
would have prevented the little children from both- 
ering him, he rebuked them, and suffered the little 
children to come unto him. He recognized the 
wretched invalid who touched him in the crowd, 
and had the time and strength and sympathy and 
attention for each individual whenever and wher- 
ever his claim might be presented. He did not 
make the mistake so common to busy men intent on 
high ends, of losing the individual in the mass, and 
forgetting the concrete duty of the moment in devo- 
tion to the general cause. He lived as wholly and 
generously and genuinely in each moment as the 
most thoughtless child. 

At the same time he had the large outlook and 
shrewd forecast of the man of affairs. He never 
lost sight of the great work he had to do. He never 
forgot his mission. He was always saying, "I have 
a baptism to be baptized with, and how am I strait- 
ened until it be accomplished." He waited and 
watched the opportunity to accomplish his great 
mission. He would not go before his time; and 
to those who tried to urge him to premature action 
he said, " My time is not yet come ; " and when the 
time came he was ready and determined, and said 
to the fond friend who would have held him back, 
" Get thee behind me, Satan." 

And he also had the serene and tranquil out- 
look of the mystic. Ho could lay down life itself 
in the confident assurance that all would be well 
both with him and with his work after his labors 
were ended and his earthly life was over. He was 
sure that even in being lifted up upon the cross he 
would draw all men unto him. The mere fact that 
Jesus combined these points of view, however, 
means little to us, unless we at the same time learn 
the secret which enabled him to do it. We do not 
want to be mere imitators of the outward deeds of 
Jesus ; we want to catch the inner spirit and pur- 
pose which produced those deeds in him, and will 
enable us to reproduce their like in ourselves. 

The secret of this consistent and coherent life of 
Jesus was in the intensity and breadth and reach 
of the purpose which he cherished. Jesus could 
bind together to-day and to-morrow and the day 
following because he had a way to go that led him 
right straight through them all. What was this 
way, this purpose, which bound together into one 
the successive days of Jesus' life ? 

Jesus looked out upon the world of nature and 



80 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



saw all things in it beautiful and harmonious and 
fair and orderly; and behind all this beauty and 
harmony and order and law he saw the thought, 
the will, the life, the love of its Creator. He looked 
out on human life, and there he saw deformity, dis- 
ease, suffering, and shame ; and in all this he saw 
the violation of God's laws, the perversion of God's 
gifts, the corruption of God's children. Jesus looked 
down into the hearts of men ; and there he saw, 
buried and obscured, encrusted and conventional- 
ized, capacities, aspirations, affections, ideals, which, 
once liberated, developed, and enthroned, would 
banish sin from human life, and make the moral 
and social life of man as beautiful and harmouious 
and sweet and glad as is the ongoing of the starry 
heavens and the unfolding of the blossoming and 
fruitful earth. And Jesus consecrated himself to 
the high task of drawing out these latent spiritual 
capacities of the human heart; of bringing the laws 
of God into the daily life of man ; and so of mak- 
ing human hearts the conscious dwelling-place of 
the Spirit of God, and human society the expression 
of the Father's beneficent and loving will. 

This purpose to redeem the world by bringing 
men to a consciousness of God and an obedience 
to his just and beneficent rule ; this purpose 
to establish a kingdom in which the one great 
law of love to God and man should supersede all 
necessity for minor rules and petty regulations; this 
purpose to make society peaceful and happy by first 
making its individual members kind and good; — 
this was what bound the days of the life of Jesus 
together into a consistent and coherent whole. 
This was the way on which he went to-day, in lov- 
ing service to the sick, the outcast, the poor and the 
oppressed ; this was the way on which he proposed 
to go to-morrow in defiance of that corrupt and 
mercenary ecclesiasticism which he knew would put 
him to death in the vain attempt to check the 
spread of his pure and simple tidings of mutual 
good-will ; this was the way in which his conquer- 
ing Spirit was to go marching on in a renewed and 
uplifted humanity on through all the days which 
should follow his crucifixion. This strong thread of 
a cherished purpose to bring God's laws down to 
men, and to lift men's lives up into obedience to 
God ;— this was what held together the separate 
heads of the .to-days and the to-morrows and the 
days following in Jesus' life. 

It is by sharing this great purpose of Jesus 
that we may bring into our own lives the coher- 
ence and consistency they lack. Every duty that 
calls us, every joy that comes to us, every 



relationship into which we enter, every circum- 
stance in which we are placed, has its part and 
place in this great plan which we may share with 
Jesus. Our homes, our business, our friendships, 
all that go to make up the sum and substance of 
our daily lives, stand in important relations to that 
great plan which Jesus came to realize and that 
kingdom which he came to found. And whether 
that kingdom comes in its fulness into these homes 
and offices of ours depends on the fidelity with 
which we do our daily duty and practice his blessed 
law of love. This thought that everything we 
do may be so done as to extend the kingdom of 
God; that every person with whom we have to deal 
may be treated as a brother and sister in the one 
great family of the Heavenly Father ; that every 
relationship of life may be filled with that goodness 
and beauty and truth which is in the heart of the 
Father, and which Jesus came to make the ruling 
principles in the hearts of men; — this participation 
in the great purpose of Jesus will lift even the 
humblest life out of its insignificance, and to even 
the most common tasks impart a dignity and joy. 
This partaking in the purpose of Jesns, and this 
participation in the kingdom of righteousness and 
service which he came to found, will give to the 
most humdrum and monotonous of days an interest 
and a delight akin to that which Jesus found in 
taking the little children in his arras, and cleansing 
the lepers, and healing the sick, and comforting the 
mourners as he walked about in the bumble villages, 
and entered the modest homes of his native Galilee. 
By accepting these things as the very things which 
of all others God has given us to do ; as the little 
province of his kingdom which he has committed 
to our rule ; as the little group of his children 
towards whom we are to manifest his kindness, we 
may fill out to-days as they fly past will, with that 
delight in loving service which was the secret of 
Jesus' joy, and with that whole-souled absorption 
and devotion to the immediate thing in hand which 
we saw to be the charm and glory of the little child. 
Thus will this spirit and purpose of Jesus, repro- 
duced in our daily lives, make each to-day sufficient 
to itself. With this to inspire and guide us, we can 
with gladness and contentment go on our way 
to-day. 

What then about to-morrow ? If this purpose of 
Jesus gives us the child's complete contentment in 
to-day, can it give us the practical man's sagacity 
and courage and endurance to think out the prob- 
lems, and face the dangers and bear the losses 
which to-morrow may have in store for us ? Tes. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



81 



To bo sure it is uot always easy to see just what is 
good and true and right. But it is a great deal 
easier to see what is intrinsically true, what is abso- 
lutely right, what is good for the public, than it is 
to see what is merely expedient and profitable and 
popular from one's own private and personal point 
of view. The man who is looking out for himself 
has two problems to solve ; first, what is true and 
right ; and second, how far he can depart from 
that with safety and profit. Aud this second prob- 
lem, although it looks easy, is really a very difficult 
one; aud he who tries to solve it is sure to make 
mistakes. Now the man who follows Jesus, and 
shares his spirit and purpose, has to consider only 
the first of these two problems. Aud furthermore 
he has the benefit of the precept and example of 
Jesus aud all good men to help him to the right 
decision. He has only to keep to the great moral 
highways, where the good and great have gone 
before. To be sure he has to apply those great and 
recognized principles to new cases and uew circum- 
stances; but it is of immense advantage to have the 
great principles, the major premises of all his prac- 
tical judgments, settled iu advance. The merely 
selfish man has no such guiding principle, no relia- 
ble and universal major premise which can form 
the basis of every practical decision. Every new 
case is not only new in its details, but calls for a 
fresh judgment as to how far it is safe and expedi- 
ent to ignore the principles which society professes. 
Therefore the selfish man is sure to err; while the 
man who follows Jesus iu a sincere desire to get 
God's righteous will accomplished, and God's be- 
neficent plan for human well-being realized, can 
never go far astray. Like Wordsworth's happy 
warrior, he 

" Plays in the many games of life, that one 
Where what he most doth value must be won; 
Whom neither shape of danger can dismay, 
Nor thought of tender happiness betray. 
Who, not content that former worth stand fast, 
Looks forward, persevering to the last, 
From well to better, daily self-surpast." 

This devotion to the will of God, conceived as 
ever seeking the highest and largest good of man, 
which was the inspiring and animating purpose in 
the life of Jesus, taken up into our hearts and 
miuds, will solve the problems of our individual 
lives much more satisfactorily than blind and petty 
selfishness could ever do ; it will enable us to face 
the unknown dangers and difficulties of our immedi- 
ate future lives as calmly and serenely as Jesus 
went on his way up to Jerusalem, to lift his mes- 
sage of love to God and man from the personal and 



provincial plane to which it had previously been 
confined on to the plane of national aud world-wide 
significance which it ever since has held. Jesus 
kuew that he went up there " to be mocked and 
spitefully eutreated, and spitted on, and scourged 
and crucified." And yet he went up to meet aud 
suffer these thiugs willingly ; because all this was 
incidental to the world-wide proclamation of his 
message, and the universal spread of that kingdom 
of goodness, truth, and love which he came to estab- 
lish.. If you want courage and streugth to face the 
dangers, and take the risks, and bear the trials of 
the unknown to-morrow, you will find it nowhere 
so surely and completely as in taking this purpose 
of Jesus for your own, aud resolving that in and 
through whatever hard problems and fateful de- 
cisions and painful crises the future may have iu store 
you will, to the extent of your opportunity and abil- 
ity, promote that kingdom of goodness, truth, and 
love, of which God is the King, and of which Jesus 
was the Herald and Messiah. Yes. This spirit and 
purpose of Jesus will give you the man's courage and 
constancy with which to face to-morrow, as well as 
the child's happy enjoyment of to-day. 

And how about the day following? Shall we 
find the mystic's truth here too? Yes: and with- 
out his error. 

The man who heartily enjoys to-day, and looks 
resolvedly upon to-morrow, because he has a God- 
giveu purpose to realize in both, need have no con- 
cern about the day following;— not even about the 
long day that follows the day of death. For as 
to-morrow, when it comes, is but a fresh to-day ; so 
the day following will be but a continuation of our 
to-days and to-morrows ; and if these are filled with 
gladness and service, so will be the day following. 
The man who has here and now Christ's purpose in 
his heart, is joint heir with him in the blessedness 
of his eternal life. For he can never be where God 
is not and where the Spirit of Christ is not; nor 
where each moment may not be heartily enjoyed 
and each future problem bravely faced through the 
peace and the power which this divine and Christ- 
like purpose of loving service can impart. 

The great secret of Jesus, that which enabled 
him to go on his way joyfully in each to-day, stead- 
fastly toward each to-morrow, aud serenely confi- 
dent that the day following would bring peace to 
his heart and victory to his cause, was this devotion 
to. the great, divine mission of making human soci- 
ety a kingdom in which God's loving will should be 
brought out, and human hearts a home in which 
that love of God should dwell. It is an open secret 



82 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



which he invites us all to share. Nothing less than 
this will bind our days and years together into the 
coherent and consistent whole they ought to be. 
Shall we not then welcome anew this purpose of 
Jesus to our own hearts ; and enter with renewed de- 
votion upon that life of service to God and man 
which will enable us, as it enabled him, to go on our 
way rejoicing in the good things of to-day ; resolute 
toward the unknown problems of to-morrow ; serene 
in the assurance that victory and peace shall be 
our portion on the day following. 

Members of the Graduating Class : The days of 
college life are over. The to-morrow of Commence- 
ment, to which these days have all been leading, is 
at hand. Soon the to-days and the to-morrow of 
college life alike will be things of the past. How 
much do you carry forward out of these days into 
the days that are to follow ? Certainly not the 
mere pleasures of the passing hours. Not the mere 
offices and prizes, and rank and honors you have 
won. The great world outside cares little for these 
things. If in and through these passing days ; if 
over and above the rank and prizes of the college 
course, there has been maintained throughout an 
intellectual purpose; that purpose, and the training 
and power it has developed, will live on into the 
days that follow. It will not bring back the 
happy days that are no more : but it will fill the 
days that are to come with a joy and interest 
of their own. It will not convert college honors 
into coin the world will care for ; but it will crown 
the coming years with honors based on usefulness 
and service. Not what one has enjoyed or done, 
but what one means to be and do is the measure of 
one's worth. To cling to past joys and past achieve- 
ments as a life-preserver is certain death. What 
you have done in these four years has value just in 
so far as it is stored up in the form of power and 
purpose to do better work in years to come. This 
truth which we all feel so keenly as we stand at this 
point where the to-days and to-morrows of college 
life pass irrevocably into the long days of actual life 
that follow, is no less true of life as a whole. All 
your days must be bound together by a consistent 
purpose, if they are to be rescued from that oblivion 
which stands ever ready to engulf them. And the 
only purpose large enough to hold the whole of life 
together is that generous purpose to serve God and 
one's fellow-men, which was the characteristic qual- 
ity of the spirit of Jesus, and, under great difference 
of name and diversity of form, is the heart and core 
of Christianity. Thus, accepting the opportunity of 
to-day, the problem of to-morrow and the promise 



of the day following in the light of this purpose to 
serve God and man to the utmost" of your powers, 
thus, and only thus, will each to-day bring you a 
new joy; each problem of the morrow call forth 
fresh confidence and courage ; and the prospect of 
the unknown beyond be crowned with that peace 
which passeth understanding, and which the mere 
natural self-seeking of the world can neither give 
nor take away. The college which for these four 
years has been your outward guardian can guide 
your feet no longer. And so in parting it commends 
to you that inner guidance and guardianship of the 
Spirit of Christ which is the spirit of service : confi- 
dent that with such a Guide and Guardian your 
usefulness and honor is assured through life ; and 
that each of you will take leave of it in the brave 
spirit of our grandest modern poet, as 
" One who never turned his back but marched breast for- 
ward, 

Never doubted clouds would break, 

Never dreamed, though right were worsted, wrong would 
triumph, 

Held we fall to rise, are baffled to fight better, 

Sleep to wake. 

No, at noonday in the bustle of man's work-time 
Greet the unseen with a cheer ! 

Bid him forward, breast and back as either should be, 
"Strive and thrive ! " cry " Speed, — fight on, fare ever 
There as here ! " 



Junior Prize Declamation. 

1TFHE Junior Prize Declamations of '96 
*- were held in Memorial Hall, Monday 
evening, June 24th. The hall was filled 
to its utmost capacity, and all thoroughly 
enjoyed the excellent speaking. The Bow- 
doin orchestra furnished excellent music, 
and so often have these contests been with- 
out music that all appreciated this, feature. 
The judges were Weston Thompson, Esq., 
J. A. Roberts, '70, and G. F. Freeman, '90. 
The first prize was awarded to Robert O. 
Small, and the second to John N. Haskell. 
The programme follows: 
Death of Charles IX. — Moore. 

Herbert Otis Clough, Keimebunkport. 
Old Ace. — Anon. Alfred Perley Ward, Freeport. 

The Pilot's Story.— Howell. 

Howard Gilpatric, Biddeford. 
The Miser's Punishment. — Osborne. 

Francis Smith Dane, Kennebunk. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



83 



The Chariot Race. — Wallace. 

Robert Orange Small, Berlin Mills, N. H. 
Nomination of Blaine. — Ingersoll. 

Jerre Hacker Libby, Fort Fairfield. 
Against Flogging in the Navy. — Stockton. 

Charles Arnold Knight, Brunswick. 
Daniel Webster. — Hoar. 

John Clair Minot, Belgrade. 
The Death of Rienzi. — Lytton. 

Preston Kyes, North Jay. 
First Bunker Hill Oration. — Webster. 

Bertelle Glidden Willard, Newcastle. 
Selection from King John. — Shakespeare. 

John Harold Bates. 
The Victor of Marengo. — Anon. 

John Newman Haskell, Newcastle. 



'95's Class Day. 

Mokning Exercises. 



"CTOR the first time in many years cloudy 
-*■ skies greeted a Bowdoin Class Day, Tues- 
day, June 25th, and the rain that fell at 
times during the day was far from being- 
welcome on the campus. The exercises 
usually held under the Thorndike oak were 
held in Upper Memorial, and the "dance on 
the green" was held in Town Hall. Yet in 
spite of the inclement weather the exercises 
were all well attended, and everything 
passed off most smoothly. The Salem 
Cadet Band furnished the best of music day 
and evening. At 10 o'clock the class of 
fifty-two men, led by Marshal L. S. Dewey, 
took seats on the platform, and the following 
programme was carried out: 

MUSIC. 

Prayer. A. G. Axtell. 

MUSIC. 

Oration. F. O. Small. 

MUSIC. 
Poem. H. W. Thayer. 

MUSIC. 

The speakers were introduced by Presi- 
dent F. L. Fessenden, and each reflected 
much credit on himself and class. The 
oration and poem are given here in full. 



Class-Day Oration. 

By P. O. Small. 
Mr. President, Classmates of 'Ninety-five, Ladies and 

Gentlemen : 

Ou this occasion, the class day of the Class of 
'Ninety-five, and just before graduating from a col- 
lege ranking among the first in educational matters, 
and before so intelligent an audience— interested in 
whatever tends to make mankind better and nobler, 
it seemed not inappropriate to speak concerning — 
The Ethical Claims of the Vocation oe 
Teacher. 

Nearly three centuries ago there were driven out 
from England by the religious intolerance and terri- 
ble political persecutions of the early Stuarts, many 
men imbued with a spirit of individual freedom 
that made submission impossible. The doors of 
the western world were open to them. Rather than 
sacrifice their truest convictions to the arbitrary 
will of a despotic sovereign for the hope of a free 
community where each man could educate his chil- 
dren and worship God according to the dictates of 
his own conscience, those heroic men, braving the 
dangers of the treacherous sea, like yEneas of old, 
sought the destined land. 

This was the beginning of our nation — a crude, 
undeveloped germ of liberty, struggling for outward 
expression, brought here deeply buried in the manly 
breasts of those early settlers. At first the growth 
of this spirit of freedom was slow, being hindered 
by the very struggle for existence. There were 
the Indians, the wild beasts, and the forests to sub- 
due — and all the while colonial jealousies and a 
grasping mother country to be contended with. 
Then came the throwing off of this foreign oppres- 
sion in the wars for independence, and the cement- 
iDg of the rival sections into the United States. 
The new country had scarcely time to get itself 
upon a firm industrial basis before this principle of 
equal individual rights, started up afresh in the 
slavery agitation — the settlement of which in the 
Civil War made this nation second to none. 

But under a republican or representative form 
of government like ours, there is danger from dis- 
honesty and ignorance; and the policy maintained 
in the past towards foreign immigration, making 
this country an asylum for the imbeciles and out- 
casts of the whole earth, has made a great oppor- 
tunity for political corruption among this unassimi- 
lated, un-American, illiterate mob in the large 
cities — which condition of affairs is always a menace 
to free institutions. 



84 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Ambitious men of to-day are wont to sigh for 
those early days of warfare and great events, when 
a man could do some heroic service for his country, 
when it was possible to win world-wide renown by 
achievements in battle. War, no doubt, brings to 
the front men who otherwise would be obscure and 
makes them the preservers of the nation ; yet, in 
times of peace, there is work for the man anxious 
to be a benefactor to the race. All opportunity for 
national service was not lost with the surrender of 
Lee. To-day we have before us questions vastly 
more difficult than those whose solution was fought 
out in the past — questions demanding the most 
strenuous efforts, far-seeing intelligence, and sound 
judgment which, unless solved, threaten to over- 
throw this temple of liberty erected by the struggles 
of the past two centuries. 

Every highly-civilized nation has a similar his- 
tory. There is a stage in which the customs and 
morals of the people are taking form; then follows 
a period in which outer and inner forces are bal- 
anced, traditional morality is received as the moral 
code and firmly intrenched behind every institution 
of church and state. It is an era characterized by 
great activity and by most brilliant achievements 
in literature, science, and art, and distinguished by 
marvelous industrial improvements and inventions. 
As a nation's experience is extended, the balance 
of internal forces is undermined by intellectual 
progress. To use the language of Muirhead, the 
people are "disconcerted by the apparent baseless- 
ness of the forms and institutions upon which society 
has hitherto seemed to rest; the moral law, the 
fabric of the constitution, religion itself, seem 
shaken to their foundations." This last is the 
"stage of reflection," into which we as a nation are 
now entering. It is a time of general unrest- 
Owing to new industrial conditions which have 
arisen, the old relations between employer and em- 
ployed are no longer adequate or just. The unques- 
tioned authority of the church, which satisfied our 
fathers, is giving way, under the sharp eye of criti- 
cism, to a kind of agnosticism which is spiritual 
chaos. The home, the family tie, no longer has 
the charm and saeredness it was wont to have. 

How can these relations be adjusted? How can 
the church creeds be revised so as to reconcile the 
old religious faith with reason and the indubitable 
revelations of science 1 ?— and revised they must be 
or fall to the ground. How can the apparent an- 
tagonism between the greatest happiness of the 
individual and the duties of citizeuship be over- 
come?— These are some of the questions that must 



be solved by the present and following generations — 
questions which give ample opportunity for him 
who is ambitious to be of service to his country. 

It is for the man of trained intellect to discover 
the means of adjusting the established institutions 
to these changed conditions. And any one who has 
had the advantages of an education in a college or 
university, who from his infancy has enjoyed the 
protection of the laws and customs of a Christian 
community, yet who feels under no obligation to 
render a return to society, but thinks only of his 
own individual preferment, sacrificing everything 
for that end, is not worthy the name of man. On 
the other hand, he who is imbued with the spirit 
such culture ought to carry with it, will look upon 
his opportunities and privileges only as so much 
received from others for which he is bound to make 
some return, to contribute something to the advan- 
tage of society. 

With this idea of service to mankind uppermost 
in his mind, he ought carefully to weigh the circum- 
stances in which he is placed, the most pressing 
needs of the social order, and his own inclination 
and fitness for some field of work, — then and only 
then can he legitimately decide upon his profession 
or vocation in life. 

We have a society in which the majority of the 
citizens put the individual self first in every under- 
taking; a social order in which public trusts are 
looked upon as means to an end— and that end self- 
advancement; a political condition in which official 
positions are too often thought of as plums to be 
picked by the spoilsman. The cause of it all is the 
lack of an enlightened conscience in the great mass 
of the people. To remedy this jt is necessary to 
instill into the minds and hearts of men those 
ethical principles which are at the basis of all 
moral and religious teaching. It cannot be done at 
once nor with the present generation. To embody 
in the very thoughts and minds of a people such 
principles as will cause a man always to do as he 
would be done by, or as Kant put it, to act as if 
the maxim from which he acts were by his will to 
become a universal law of nature, it is necessary to 
begin with the rising generation, upon whose in- 
struction depends the welfare of our country. 

Education is the salvation of the race. The 
human soul instinctively reaches out after knowl- 
edge; and in the beneficent presence of truth, the 
birthright of humanity, it expands like the violet 
unfolding its petals in the spring sunshine ; and no 
one has a right to withhold from the awakened 
intelligence of youth its just inheritance. To be 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



85 



sure, natural fitness and environment must be taken 
into consideration by a man choosing an occupation 
for life; but there is oue vocation, above all others, 
in which the individual works directly for the gen- 
eral education of the masses, — a profession that out 
of the inherited propensities and natural character- 
istics of children, by the moulding power of an 
educated mind and through the enthusiasm born 
of true knowledge, endeavors to make nobler men 
and better citizens, fully equipped intellectually and 
morally for the manifold exigencies of life. I refer 
to the work of the school-teacher. This is a voca- 
tion in which there are not many babbling streams 
with flowering banks, down which one may float in 
ease and luxury. No, there is not money enough 
to entice him who is seeking wealth ; not leisure 
enough to attract him who is looking for a life of 
ease; too much quiet, unnoticed work to allure the 
man anxious to gain notoriety and the blare of 
public applause; but to him who desires to use the 
powers and resources at his command for the bene- 
fit of the human race— to the earnest, whole-souled 
man, what opportunities it offers! What a sacred 
trust it is! Men in other walks of life are dealing 
with problems and phases of questions that in a few 
years will have passed away and been forgotten; 
but the instructor in the public school is building 
not for to-day but for all time. It is his work to 
develop in the children entrusted to his care a 
strong, vigorous, American manhood which, when 
the labor of others is lost in the obscurity of the 
past, shall remain a lasting mouument to his mem- 
ory and a bulwark for the safety of the nation. 

The most divine attribute in man is the intelli- 
gence seeking for truth, and every faithful school- 
teacher ministers, however humbly, to the fulfill- 
ment of this noblest of human aspirations. For 
him it is to raise the great mass of the people — in 
whom is the future of our country — to a higher 
intellectual and moral level where they can breathe 
the sunlight of a purer atmosphere, can see more 
to life than the mere struggle for existence. It is 
for him to bring man into touch and sympathy with 
nature where his soul will go out iu rapture at the 
gorgeous sunset, or at the delicate flower, and his 
very heart beat in unison with the song of the bird 
or the splash of the water-fall, and himself be 
lifted up into a full and appreciative accord with 
that rational force which is behind all and in all, — 
God, the creator of "heaven and earth, and the 
sea, and all that in them is." 

In doing this, in living a life so full, so large, 
so helpful, the teacher, by the very nature of his 



work, in going out of himself and taking up into 
himself the interests and welfare of others, verifies 
the truth that whosoever shall lose his life in good 
works, the same shall find it. And when humanity 
is so advanced that every oue will seek to do what 
is just aud beneficent, when each man regards his 
neighbor's interests as sacred as his own, wheu 
these vexed questions which now distract us have 
passed away uuder the rational institutions of a 
completely educated people, then has the teacher 
accomplished his mission, then will the light of the 
celestial countenance shine upon humanity and the 
divine purpose will be fulfilled in the earth. 

Class-Day Poem. 

By H. AV. Thayer. 
To-day the years are gathered in a sheaf; 
Fair Youth brings here its autumn-painted leaf; 
The book is closed, the last white milestone passed, 
For all life's perfect dreams of joy are brief. 

Soft breezes from the future 'round us throng, 
And whisper that the parting comes erelong, 
And while we linger for a fleeting day, 
We ask the singer for a farewell song. 

I fain would climb the poet's lordliest height, 
The Harp of Greece, fair Avon's strength, the might 
Of him whom Virgil led in land unknown, — 
Would they were mine, so might I sing aright. 

I long for nobler words than these, and yet 
'Twere well, if by one thought here haply set 
Ye hold the ashes of to-day more dear — 
Though singer and the song ye soon forget. 

Pale night had softly laid her shadowy hand 
Upon the thousand hills. The day-spent land 
In voiceless silence, dreaming lay asleep, 
Save where afar, beneath the rugged steep, 
A worn and footsore knight, with cruel tears 
Toiled on a weary way of thorns. Dark fears 
For future days and passionate regret 
For hopes long dead, and paths with toil beset, 
Has chased the princely glory from his face; 
The wondrous tints of faith, the matchless grace 
Which Youth but yesterday had painted there 
With tender hand ; and so in bleak despair 
He wandered on, uncaring where his feet 
Might stray, and longing never more to greet 
The dawn, he cried, " The quest is not for me." 
Far cliff and cavern echoed, " Not for thee." 

Deep lost in pain for noble deeds undone, 
He courted death, and that dark-vested One 



86 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Had trod the path with him awhile, till far 

Upon the crag, so high it seemed a star 

Itself among the myriad worlds, a light 

Shone forth, a wavering glimmer dimly bright; 

And all that made life seem a hollow show 

Grew strangely sweet with sudden change, and lo ! 

His life no more was endless death, and death 

A fairer life, but Hope's enchanted breath 

Seemed blowing from the Isles of Peace, 

Where throbbing hearts are still and struggles cease. 

"Ah, that may yet," he cried, "of hope foretell, 
Perhaps it be a lonely mountain cell, 
Where, ever free from life's rude-fettered thrall, 
Some holy man has lost himself and all 
The world in God. There haply may I stay 
The fluttering soul within my breast, till day 
Upon the distant peaks again shall set 
Its lamps of gold, and tell if life hath yet 
For me some paltry barren years in store, 
Although my quest is lost forevermore." 

So upward struggling toward the gleaming sky 

He climbed, by wildering paths the eagle's eye 

Alone had seen, until a taper dim 

Shone out before his feet to welcome him, 

And entering thence a weird dark chamber, wrought 

Of stone, he found it e'en as he had thought. 

And yet, though dim the taper burned, the eyes 

That gazed thereon were dimmer still, the prize 

Of prayer-told months and years were almost won; 

Life's little candle burning low, the sun 

Of life, low sinking in a silent sea. 

To fading eyes, the fair knight seemed to be 

The shadow of that vanished Youth, which long 

Ago set forth upon the hills, with strong 

And steadfast will to fight the world, at last 

To hide it 'neath a monkish cowl. The past 

With all its grave-deep memories surged upon 

His brain, — fair forms which long ago had gone 

Into the silent land ; the winsome time 

Of childhood's dream, and manhood's bloom sublime 

With rose-hued hopes, all seemed transfigured now 

With a celestial light. One could but bow 

Before the Unseen Presence there, and so 

The knight, in awe, forgetting half his woe, 

And longing that the dying one might breathe 

O'er him a holy prayer, knelt there beneath 

The shadow of the lifted Cross, — blest shade 

In weary lands, and soft the dying laid 

His withered hands upon the waving hair 

Of gold, as stretching into sunlight fair, 

The long dark shadow-fingers silent fall 

From passing summer clouds, and warning call 



The nestlings home. His very face seemed glorified 
With thought, and lo! with death-choked voice he 
cried : 

"Come back! oh, Youth with golden heart, 
Thou dream of long-forgotten spring. 
Come back, ere sunset's rays depart, 
And life's long faded laurels bring. 

Oh, give me back one golden day, 
And all the world were at my feet ; 
The treasured wealth, the monarch's sway, 
A heritage of Joy complete. 

Ah, I have truly sought amiss 
The ways wherein my feet have trod 
Apart from men, and losing this 
Poor world, I have all but lost God. 

Life's noblest acts are never known, 
Life's heroes oft no garlands wear, 
The lowliest seat is highest throne 
If but a king be seated there." 

The voice grew still, and lo! the weary feet 
Were treading on the far-off hills and sweet 
Elysian fields, where countless lilies bloom; 
Where shining ones in white were straying, whom 
He loved so long ago. The living man 
Grew strong, and turning from the dead to scan 
The star-gemmed night without, he stood upon the 

brow 
Of the dark world, and gazed where he but now 
Had toiled with bleeding feet and cheerless wept 
Alone, where soft-eyed stars their vigils kept 
Upon our little slumberous-dreaming world, 
And whispering of their morning song, unfurled 
Their wings for flight. He watched the darkness hold 
Its long death-struggle with the light; the old 
Dark robe of grief was now forever thrown 
Aside ; the strength of thousands was his own, 
For Hope was his. With lifted eyes he turned 
To meet the day. The dying words had burned 
Upon his heart. "This is the only worthy quest," 
He fiercely cried, " To still the wild unrest 
Of broken hearts, not seeking wondrous deeds 
Of might, nor pondering hollow creeds 
In cloistered gloom, nor craving Joy, to live 
Is but to serve, and Joy a fugitive." 

To-day we meet, oh friends long tried, the ties 
Are severed now, and broke the charm-wrought spell. 
We longing look in one another's eyes, 
And sadly clasp our hands in long farewell. 

We greet ye here, oh friends to me unknown ; 
Unknown, — yet each by golden chains is bound 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



87 



To one of these, whose very life has grown 

A part of mine,— and truest faith has found 

This flawless truth, — The quenchless light which lies 

Like sea-entangled beams from stars above 

Deep-hidden in the depths of tender eyes 

Is sure a semblance of immortal life. 

All are not here we love, a restless tide 
At midnight bore their fragile barks away, 
Till straining eyes across the ocean wide 
Saw but a gleam along the verge of day. 
E'en now we know not what or where they be, 
We only know they sailed somewhere beyond 
Our sight, upon this world-deep boundless sea 
Of love which holds us all, and though the fond 
Lone hearts may wild with grief and anguish grow, 
May toss upon its waves till all but spent, 
Although its spray may dim our eyes, we know 
That there 'tis well with them, and rest content. 

To-day we leave a palace fair, where all 

That filled the cup with sweet delight was ours. 

But now the lights are flickering on the wall, 

The music sobbing over fading flowers 

Which once crowned Joy, and in the hollow wind 

We stand reluctant at the half-closed door, 

And tearful cast a lingering look behind, 

For there our feet may never enter more. 

And oh, ye fairy-footed golden days, 

Oh, gentle-hearted, fond-eyed ghosts, ye seem 

Since hand in hand sweet joy has trod your ways 

With us, the children of a happy dream, 

That vanish cloudlike down the dawn-star's track, 

And leave us quivering in this world of pain. 

We cry and stretch vain hands to call them back, 

But — fluttering leaves, they never come back again. 

A little while beside the sunny shore 
And then, while far the fragrant breei. " blow, 
The ships are yearning for the sea, far o'er 
The billow hills come voices calling low 
Though dewy morning run with golden sands, 
And though at dawn the summer day seems long, 
Behold, the flowers are withered in our hands 
And shadow-clad we kneel at even-song. 

That sea of life, whose far-off rhythmic beat 
Was once melodious in our boyish years, 
A siren voice, is rolling at our feet 
And all the glory of the swift-winged years 
Has fled away. Oh golden-hearted youth, 
Thou art the fairest gem of all the earth, 
Thou rosy guide toward the eternal truth, 
Years are not lost if we but learn thy worth. 



And Youth is ours, though manhood wildly call 
Immortal Youth, though sunny hair turn gray 
And footsteps fail, its fountain flows for all. 
Its waters are the joys we leave to-day. 

The cloud-capped peaks of thought, where never man 
Yet trod, here loomed before our eyes, the powers 
Of earth, the secrets of life's little span, 
The crash of worlds, have here in dreams been ours. 
The men of old in garments shadow-wrought 
Have crept from the Unseen and tarried here, 
Their deep eyes burning with unfathomed thought, 
Their foreheads silver-starred, and crystal-clear 
Their voice, and we have strayed, through fair earth's 

prime 
With them, through gardens of Hesperides 
Have dreamed of purple grapes and hills of thyme, 
And heard the distant murmur of iEgean seas. 

These are not left, for all our lives shall be 
More sweet, the very world more wondrous fair, 
Far sun and star more bright, the mighty sea 
More strangely grand, for memory dear where'er 
We go, will walk with us, and days now fled 
Will seem illumined by a light divine 
Because of noble thoughts, of kind words said, 
Of friends whose love has been the very wine 
Of joy to thirsty hearts. Oh vanished days 
Of youth ! Fadeless your glory evermore, 
E'en when life's midnight dark arrays 
Our world, when afterdawn steals on that shore 
Man knows not of; while life with life entwine 
Through fairest joys of earth and bitterest tears 
In realms unseen, unknown, your light shall shine 
With changeless glow, through the eternal years. 

Afternoon Exercises. 
Not under the branching arms of the old 
Thorndike oak as usual, but in Memorial, 
the following afternoon programme was 
carried out. The parts were all of high 
excellence, and were followed with deep 
interest by the crowd which packed the hall. 
Opening Address. H. E. Holmes. 

MUSIC. 

History. C. S. Christie. 

MUSIC. 

Prophecy. J. W. Crawford. 



Parting Address. 



G. E. Simpson. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Opening Address. 

By H. E. Holmes. 
Mr. President, Classmates, and Friends: 

We are to-day in a peculiar position in relation 
to our college ; we have not graduated, nor are we 
any longer undergraduates. It is a position which 
has always called forth much merriment among 
classes; but it is also a position to which much sad- 
ness and much reflection attaches. We are hanging 
by a thin, invisible thread between two spheres, 
the sphere of college life, with its quiet and repose, 
its little rewards and punishments, and the sphere 
of the great world, with its noisy activity, its terri- 
ble struggles, and its prizes of life or death. We 
are standing with one hand grasping the little col- 
lege world which, for four years, has been our all in 
all, and with the other touching that great world 
which has been a vista gradually and steadily 
widening and growing plainer to our vision, and 
now our grasp upon college life is loosening, while 
the din of the world, our future life, grows louder 
and louder in our ears. We are standing upon the 
threshold, and a moment is given us to pause and 
consider. What has our preparation fitted us for ? 

We are presently to go out and enter upon this 
life-struggle which never ceases till the grave opens 
and receives us; and they are momentous questions 
which we must ask ourselves to-day. We can no 
longer throw the weight of our responsibilities on 
some other; we must carry them ourselves. These 
responsibilities are graver than those of the man 
who is not college educated. We have received 
greater advantages, and more is expected of us. 
This reflection should make us (though it may seem 
at first sight paradoxical) at one and the same 
time fearful and proud; fearful lest we may be found 
wanting, lest we may not be equal to our responsi- 
bilities, and proud that we have such advantages, 
and that the world looks upon us with favorable 
eyes. 

For it is true that the world smiles upon the 
college man who is able to take up his burden with 
the rest. He inspires more respect and confidence, 
and the great positions in life are most willingly 
conferred upon him. 

A short word of four letters— " Duty "—cannot 
be too often spoken or too often called to mind. 
One of Eugland's poets, speaking of a great career 
in England's history, says : 

" Not once or twice in our fair island's story 
The path of duty was the way to glory." 

We have received many advantages from our 
college education, but all our advantages, all our 



education, only make it so much the more necessary 
that we should follow closely the " path of duty." 
And the path of duty to a college man is wider and 
longer than it is to another. He owes more duties, — 
duties that are not even dreamed of by the ordinary 
man. It is the old parable of the talents. The more 
talents that are given to a man, the more respon- 
sibility he has, and the more is due from him. The 
talents given to us are the superior advantages of a 
college training. Sooner or later we will be called to 
give an account of these talents ; we must " make 
our returns," and show that we have put them to 
interest. 

There are, however, two plain and obvious duties 
which devolve upon us as men, and are intensified 
by reason of our position as college men. One of 
these we cannot too often bear in mind. It is duty 
to parents, — to parents whose kindly beneficence 
is the direct cause of the advantages which we now 
possess ; to parents who for four years have 
watched over our course here, who have rejoiced 
with us at our successes, and sympathized with us 
in our reverses, and who will continue to give us 
their support and encouragement throughout life. 
It is a sacred duty, classmates, and one that can- 
not be shirked without incurring the curse of base 
ingratitude. 

There is another duty which is greater than all, 
and includes all. It is the first duty of every 
Christian man and every Christian people: Duty 
to God. Without a true recognition of it the most 
successful life is barren and empty; all earthly fame 
that can possibly be acquired is hollow, and the 
fruits of success turn to ashes; with it the life, 
apparently most barren of rewards, is fruitful in 
the highest sense of the word. 

James Russell Lowell says: "When men founded 
their first society, they instinctively recognized in 
the priest and the law-giver the supreme fact that 
intellect is the divinely appointed lieutenant of God 
in the government of the world." The discovery 
of this great western world was brought about by 
religious influences; a monk, a woman, and a sailor 
caused the sailing of that expedition from Palos. 
The motive that prompted the settlement of the 
original thirteen colonies was religious. Conscience 
impelled men and women to give up the comforts of 
civilized life and to endure all the hardships inci- 
dent to a life in the wilderness. Can we too often 
recall the religious spirit of the New England set- 
tlers? We may not agree with their severe tenets; 
we must admire their sacrifices and respect their 
sincerity. 

The founders of our government were men fully 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



89 



imbued with a firm faith in the Christian religion. 
They were not mere theorists and experimenters, 
but sound and serious thinkers. After the war of 
the revolution aud the peace of Versailles came the 
meeting of the constitutional convention. When 
it came so near to dissolving and accomplishing 
nothing, it was only the strong appeal of Dr. 
Franklin to the religions spirit of the assembly that 
averted the grave danger and kept the conveution 
together. 

I need not go on mentioning these facts of his- 
tory so well known to us all. Every page of our 
history is an incontestible witness to the religious 
spirit of our country. The sayings aud writings of 
those great men who founded this republic by their 
bravery and guarded its infant days with their wis- 
dom are imperishable evidence of the Christian 
spirit that pervaded their every act and word. 

The duty to religion is especially important to 
college men. It has been truly said that "a little 
knowledge is a dangerous thing." A little knowl- 
edge of science and a small acquaintance with the 
surface of philosophy has a strong tendency to make 
one look sneeringly at religion as a very small factor 
in this great world. 

In these days when the unholy disciples of a 
godless faith are filling the land with their per- 
verted views, it is, above all, necessary for the col- 
lege man to stand firm for conservatism. There 
are times when it is a grievous sin to society to be 
over-conservative ; but when everything that is 
good and beautiful, everything that has made so- 
ciety and civilization what it is to-day, is attacked, 
as the remnants of a barbaric superstition, we can- 
not be too conservative, aud too suspicious of these 
noisy preachers of a liberty which, like that of the 
nihilist, is but a license to blow up everybody of a 
contrary opinion from their own. 

Religious bigotry is as dangerous to national 
life as is the lack of religion. The anarchist, with 
his bomb, the nihilist with his murderous weapon, 
is not more baneful to society and more destructive 
to liberty than is the " A. P. A.," with its seductive 
platform, its carefully worded, lying circulars, and 
its real purpose so murderous to personal liberty 
and religious freedom. It is a foreign-born mon- 
strosity, and draws its sustenance from the low and 
humid soil of the foreign-born population of the 
West. Thank God, it finds but poor ground in the 
rough and rugged soil of New England. Were the 
real purpose of this organization to obtain liberty, 
that sacred word, which they profane, would be a 



by- word of reproach,' a stigma of shame in this 
country to the whole world. Nay, more than that, 
liberty itself would be dead, aud in its place would 
be erected a tyranny more baleful in its effect than 
any that has ever yet darkened the pages of his- 
tory, a despotism like a demon from Hades over- 
shadowing this fair land from end to end. But in 
reality such societies as the "A. P. A." never live 
long in this country. We saw an attempt some 
forty years ago to keep such an organization alive, 
and it had but to state plainly its purposes when it 
was ignominiously crushed, and obliterated from 
the ranks of politics, and from that time to this the 
term "Know-Nothing" has been one of scorn and 
derision. History repeats itself. The American 
people, naturally fair-minded and liberal, will not 
be long in rebuking the infamous organization. 

It is from among college men that this quasi- 
political organization is looking for its proselytes; 
and it is college men whose duty it is to discourage 
the society and its object. We may be grateful that 
it has not yet found one convert among the sons of 
old Bowdoin ; and the Class of '95 is not apt to 
furnish any. 

My classmates, upon the walls of Memorial 
Hall are inscribed the names of the brave sons of 
Bowdoin who freely gave their service to the defense 
of their country iu her hour of danger. We have 
pondered those names often, and often thought 
what greater honor could come upon us than to 
have our names written where they will remain as 
long as one gray stone stands upon another. Truly 
it is a great honor, but there is one greater. These 
men fought with the arms of war to save the Union 
from dissolution ; let us fight with the arms that 
education has given us to save society from the 
dangers of socialism and anarchy, and the nation 
from sectional prejudice and religious bigotry. And 
while our names will not be inscribed upon tablets 
of bronze, they will be written upou the imperisha- 
ble dome of eternity, — the names of those who 
served the great cause of humanity. 

Friends of the Class of '95, we bid you welcome 
to our closing exercises. We appreciate the kind- 
ness which brings you here to-day; and to me is 
the honor of thanking you in the name of the class. 
May the good wishes for our success, that are 
attested by your presence here to-day, follow us 
throughout life and be the lode-star that shall ever 
o-uide us to be an honor to our Alma Mater, Old 
Bowdoin. 



90 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Class History. 

By C. S. Christie. 

The ancient custom of transmitting to posterity 
the actions and manners of famous men has not been 
neglected even by the present generation. In former 
times, however, as there was a greater scope for the 
performance of deeds worthy of remembrance, so 
every person of distinguished ability was induced 
to record deeds of virtue ; but in these days of 
degeneration it would be considered a culpable 
arrogance for one to undertake such a task, except 
that he were appointed so to do by some duly 
organized and jjowerful body. 

So, only after much deliberation and extended con-, 
ference with Professor MacDonald, it was decided by 
our nominating committee, which had appropriated 
all the most desirable offices to itself, to bestow this 
honor upon me. And, as I have since learned, this 
was done all on account of the remarkable ability 
which I had shown as an authority upon history 
during the spring term of Junior year. Without 
doubt Louis Hatch would have been chosen instead, 
had he not asked to be excused on the plea that 
he intended to soon publish his book entitled, 
" The Nations of the Earth as Seen by Me on the 
Midway." 

The task of writing the history of such a class is 
no easy one, for it is so difficult to determine which 
of its great achievements shall be noted and which 
omitted. 

Men ai'e naturally disgusted with the time- 
serving historian, while spleen and calumny are 
received with a greedy ear, for flattery bears the 
odious charge of servility, while malignity wears 
the imposing appearance of independence. The 
historian who enters upon his office with the pro- 
fession of inviolable integrity must not allow himself 
to be influenced by affection or antipathy in delin- 
eating any character, and so, although I have had a 
great inclination to particularly eulogize one of our 
instructors on account of the many favors shown me 
while studying history under him, I shall, never- 
theless, endeavor to keep to the barren facts in all 
cases. 

I have even had intimations to the effect that it 
would be to my advantage to make particular men- 
tion of the athletic prowess of Boyd, Blair, Churchill, 
Doherty the hurdler, and Kimball the strong, also 
Smith the gymnast and Shaw the coach; but after 
due deliberation I have decided that such a course 
would be unwise, as it must necessarily stir up envy 
in the breasts of such men as Pope, Holmes, and 



many others who have been such devoted students 
under Dr. Whittier. 

Our career in college represents an era of infinite 
pleasure to us and unbounded profit to all who have 
come in contact with us. 

It was early in September, '91, that we as a class 
first struck the campus which was then not more 
verdant than we. During the first week Fairbanks, 
Stetson, Shaw, and Knowlton were the only men 
who made their presence really felt. The above, 
with the aid of the upper classes, persuaded us that 
it was the proper thing to cut recitations the entire 
week; but the President's ideas did not exactly 
coincide with theirs, so after careful consideration, 
and when Webber advised that a committee consult 
the President on the subject, we concluded to return 
to the gentle care of Professor Moody. 

During the first week the Sophomores made it 
very pleasant for us, calling on us nightly and 
treating us to fruit, confectionery, and cigars, pur- 
chased always with our own money. 

The rope-pull was ours easily, although Pro- 
fessor Moody said we came within a co-tangent of 
losing. 

The foot-ball game was also awarded to us ; but 
when we came to base-ball our weakness was at 
once demonstrated, although we thought the umpire 
was roasting us when he refused to allow Pope four 
strikes. Nevertheless, I fear that a reversal of 
decision would not have saved the day for '95, for 
when the dust and smoke cleared away after five 
innings the score stood 26-0 against us. 

This was the last great event of the term with 
the exception of the ducking of Father Badger (who 
thought himself immure from the effects of water, 
because he had been elected to serve on the jury) 
until the great Rugby contest between '94 and '95. 

In this game we began for the first time to 
realize what a powerful class we really were, and 
the college, I think, appreciated our worth more 
than ever before, if possible. 

The result of the game was a tie, yet this indi- 
cates very little as to the comparative worth of the 
two teams. During this year we had but two men 
on the 'varsity regularly ; but on account of the 
ability which our team showed in this game five of 
them played permanently on the 'varsity the follow- 
ing year. 

After this game strife and warfare ceased by 
common consent, until Professor Lawton aroused 
the belligerent spirits of our foes by endeavoring to 
introduce one of his ideas which he had evolved 
while preparing articles for the Atlantic Monthly, 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



91 



viz., to give a reception to the entire Freshman 
Class, assisted by the other members of the Faculty 
who took part in our childish instruction. 

All passed off very smoothly, each man, with 
the exception of Billy's Natural Leaders, resigning 
themselves to the tender ministrations of "Old 
Morpheus," while the Professor read his Homeric 
poem "Nausicia." 

It has been rumored that this reading acted as an 
opiate upon Pope, from the effects of which he has 
never fully recovered. However, we all passed a 
very enjoyable evening, many taking away souve- 
nirs of the occasion, and full of spirits and ice- 
cream we all marched boldly toward the campus to 
the tune of "Old Phi Chi." 

This chant was suddenly silenced when we found 
each door solidly barred and guards stationed at 
each window ready to assault us with coal ashes, 
water, ancient fruit and otlier things too numerous 
to mention. 

Finally, through the 'Herculean efforts of Big 
Kimball, Fairbanks, Boyd, Louis Hatch, and Dewey, 
and after Dennison had threatened to thrash the 
whole college, we effected an entrance to every end 
except North Appleton ; here Tolman appeared on 
the scene, but his "salams" were not sufficient to 
overcome the barriers which had been erected to im- 
pede our progress, and it was only when the Presi- 
dent appeared that we were enabled to effect an 
entrance, and then not before the supply of ducking 
material had been exhausted on the head of another 
than a Freshman. 

The remainder of this year was uneventful ; the 
only occurrence of moment was the attempt of 
Badger, acting as representative of the President, to 
inveigle the class into signing a no-water and anti- 
hazing agreement. 

The advent of Sophomore year proved our 
wisdom in this act as in all other things which we 
have done while in college. 

At the beginning of the Sophomore year we 
were reinforced by Mayo from Hobart College, 
who came to us highly recommended, and he has 
proven himself all that he was represented and 
much more, especially in the art of "chinning." 
Quimby also made his appearance to strengthen the 
bind which we already had on the 'varsity foot-ball 
team. We were fortunate in securing Archie, who 
has endeared himself to us all by his winsome and 
innocent ways. F. H. Haskell also concluded to 
grace our ranks with his smile, which was not duly 
appreciated by '94. 

Our Sophomore year passed away very quietly, 



its monotony being broken only by the occasional 
ducking of an unwary Freshman. Our discipline 
was always severe, as '96 will testify, although it 
was so carefully administered that the President 
interfered not once. The Sophomore-Freshman 
games of this year were uneventful. The foot- 
ball game was ours ; the rope-pull went to the 
Freshmen, aided by the upper-classmen. In base- 
ball we were obliged to succumb to the lower class, 
which was aided by the efforts of Ledyard, who had 
already had much experience in such matters ; 
however, the swelling of the head which '96 had 
suffered on account of this victory was entirely 
reduced when they met us on the gridiron, where 
they suffered defeat to the tune of 76-0. 

All remained quiet until Halloween with its 
restless spirits approached, when nearly all the 
class participated in the decoration of the campus 
with paper ornaments and the beautiful frescoing 
of college property. The result of this act was the 
despatching of many letters to fond parents inform- 
ing them of the horrible atrocities which had been 
perpetrated by their innocent darlings. However, 
all was adjusted by assessing the culprits $3.87 per 
capita. 

In the spring we did a little missionary work 
among the members of '96, judiciously spilling a 
few pails of water wherever they were most needed. 
So passed away Sophomore year, full Of water 
and bloody encounters, and, as we thought, the 
much-talked-of Junior Ease awaited us ; but how 
grievously were we disappointed by the noted gen- 
tleman lately from the West, who attempted to 
govern us according to the ideas which he had 
gained by his associations with the cow-boys ; but 
it was only at the approach of the hot season that 
affairs took their worst form. The least movement 
on the part of an unoffending Junior was sufficient 
to send the professor off in a paroxysm of rage, 
from which he never recovered until every man had 
left the room. The culmination came when the 
arch offenders received notice from the President 
that these hostilities must cease, as people were 
beginning to inquire what the college kept in 
Memorial Hall. 

Beside instruction in the regular subjects we 
received instruction in class-room etiquette and the 
method of costuming, as practiced at Harvard, 
where our learned instructor had so lately received 
his degree. Furthermore, those who wish to teach 
may profit by the professor's method of ranking, 
viz. : according to personal likes and dislikes. 
Finally we bade farewell to Junior year and pre- 



92 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



pared to enter upon the more sober and practical 
duties of Seniors. 

Our number has been increased by the addition 
of two members, one of whom could find no other- 
class worthy to receive him on accojntof the lack of 
foot-ball men which they all so plainly showed, and 
the other came to us because of our intrinsic worth 
in every respect. 

In the three previous years, having shown our 
merit so clearly, we have during this year carried 
everything before us. Even Psychology, Philosophy, 
and Ethics had no terror for us, and many new ideas 
in these branches were advanced by such stars as 
Hicks, Mayo, and Webber. 

Following are our class statistics : 

Average age, 23 years 5 months. Oldest man, 32 
years; youngest, 19 years 10 months. 

Average height, 5 feet 9 inches. Tallest man, G 
feet 3 inches ; shortest, 5 feet 5 inches. 

Average weight, 148J pounds. Heaviest man, 
202 pounds; lightest, 89 pounds. 

20 men will study law, 15 medicine, 9 will teach, 
2 will enter journalism, 3 business, and 3 are unde- 
cided. 

There were 27 Congregationalists, 8 Universalists, 
7 have no preference, 3 EpiscojJalians, 3 Unitarians, 
2 Roman Catholics, 1 Methodist, and 1 Free-Will 
Baptist. 

In politics there are 34 Republicans, 14 Demo- 
crats, 4 Independents, and no Prohibitionists. 

12 men are engaged, but only four will own up 
to it. 

The time which we have spent here together has 
been apparently very short and uneventful ; but 
when we take a glance into the past and allow the 
events, which have transpired, and the experiences 
through which we as a class have passed, to float be- 
fore our minds, it hardly seems possible that so much 
could have been crowded into such a short space of 
time. We certainly have an enviable record to leave 
behind. We have always been the first to do away 
with despicable customs and to introduce reforms. 
We have fulfilled all of Professor Lawton's predic- 
tions, and accomplished many things of which even 
he did not think us capable. 

Our stay in college has been an era of unprece- 
dented prosperity to the institution. Its wealth 
has been doubled. It has received the gift of two 
of the finest buildings of their kind possessed by any 
institution in this country. 

In athletics we have ever held foremost position, 
being well represented in base-ball by Leighton and 
Fairbanks. In foot-ball we have simply been unri- 



valed. We might, excepting Freshman year, have 
easily defeated any team which the remainder 
of the college could have mustered. We have 
never had less than two men on the eleven, and dur- 
ing the past season ten of our men played in entire 
games. During the seasons of 1894 and 1895 the 
eleven was captained by sturdy sons of '95. 

In track athletics we have been no less active, 
winning the cup at each field day, which has been 
held by the college during our course, and scoring 
more points than any other class at Maine Intercol- 
legiate meet, where the New England Intercollegiate 
record for hammer throwing was broken by G. L. 
Kimball, who has captained our team two successive 
seasons at Worcester. 

In scholarship we have a record of which we 
may be justly proud, exactly half of our number 
receiving appointment to the provisional list. 

May we continue in the busy active world, into 
which we are so soon to be unceremoniously precip- 
itated, in the same course which we have pursued 
while in college, and ever contend for the honor of 
class and college as zealously as we have during the 
years so pleasantly and profitably spent here together. 

Class Pkophecy. 

By J. W. Crawford. 

Did you ever want to escape some calamity and 
yet knew you had gone too far and could not turn 
back ? If so, between us there exists a common bond 
of sympathy. I have felt all along that it would 
have been much better to have allotted this part to 
some astronomer. Not that a telescope is necessary 
to distinguish our twinkle, for we are all of such a 
magnitude as to be clearly discernible to the naked 
eye. But in an entire class of stars it seemed to me 
that one skilled should attack such a brilliant galaxy. 

The position of Prophet being obtained, the 
victim has a short time to reflect. He thinks first of 
the old saw, which I will not repeat, about a prophet 
having no honor in his own country. He thinks of 
the pleasure enjoyed by the prophet of old, which 
the scarcity of bears puts out of his own reach. 
Then, aghast at the number whose futures he is to 
juggle, he resolves to kill off half the class at the 
first blow. 

Every class prophet, and at this time of year their 
name is legion, racks his brain for some novel and 
hitherto unthought of method of prophecy. But 
after all he settles down to his work and grinds out 
something like this, which it is your unhappy lot to 
hear. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



93 



I imagine every prophet's first recourse is to 
dreams, and so with me. It has always been said 
that if the mind is concentrated on some particular 
thing before sleep overtakes one, that thing will 
appear in one's dreams. The horrors of one week's 
trial reduced me to such a state of exhaustion as to 
necessitate my absence from gymnasium work for a 
considerable time. Hoping for light, I took to wan- 
dering about in uncanny places at uncanny hours 
until one night, being mistaken for a burglar, a 
bullet whizzed unpleasantly near my head. It was 
about this time that a well-known mind-reader, or 
rather readist, visited the town. I grasped the 
opportunity and repaired to her immediately. Upon 
making known my wishes concerning the Class of 
'95, the medium threw herself into a trance, and 
after several minutes exclaimed in awed tones, "The 
heat grows oppressive and the odor of burning brim- 
stone assails my nostrils." The scene was too vivid, 
and hurriedly grabbing my hat, I fled. 

Thus it was, the time slipping smoothly by in 
an exasperating manner, and I with 52 futures on 
my hands and no way to dispose of them. To make 
it worse, two or three times a day some one would 
ask, how are you getting along? And I would smile 
and say, " nicely," or " first-rate." And the respect 
shown me was something to be wondered at. From 
the day of election down to the peroration you °-et 
the cream of everything. I never could see the 
pleasure in a prophet's life before, but I can now. I 
chanced to be walking through the woods one after- 
noon after the snow had gone, trying to conjure up a 
scheme, when something struck me, which, although 
not an inspiration, answered the purpose as it after- 
wards proved, completely. When I came to, on the 
following morning, they told me I had been hit by a 
falling limb, and was found insensible with the limb 
across my body. Mine was a case of the man who 
never knew what struck him, for although really 
lying there insensible in the woods I seemed to keep 
right on walking, and although I knew that things 
looked and were different, somehow I didn't feel any 
wonder at what I saw. Here was a good broad 
street with rather stately structures on either side, 
differing considerably in architecture from those to 
which I was accustomed. Also a great many people 
passing to and fro whose clothes I thought must be 
of the latest spring style until, chancing to glance 
down at myself, I saw that I was clad in a similar 
costume. Led by some instinct, I moved along until 
I had crossed another large thoroughfare, and stood 
looking at a building which somehow seemed 
strangely familiar. Slowly it dawned upon me 
that it was the Science Building, but consider- 



ably altered by additions. While I stood look- 
ing with something akin to amazement, a man 
with full black beard approached me, and put- 
ting out his hand asked in a hoarse voice if I 
wasn't Jim Crawford. I supposed he was a bunco 
steerer, but told him yes and asked him how 
he knew. Then he laughed. There was no mistak- 
ing that laugh. Time and time again I had heard it 
in recitation increase from a low gurgle until the 
air fairly danced, and every fellow in the room 
laughed from very sympathy. I grasped Mayo's 
outstretched hand, and waited for the explanation 
which I seemed to feel would come. " You are the 
greatest stranger of us all," he began, " and time 
has dealt with you harshly, for twenty years have 
whitened your hair and beard and left the stamp of 
care and sorrow upon your face." Twenty years, 
thought I, so then I must be another Rip Van Winkle. 
I made a rapid calculation, learned while with Pro- 
fessor Moody, and found the year must be 1915, but 
here my reflections were broken by the Herr. " We 
learned that you went as correspondent on the South 
Polar expedition soon after graduation, but as nothing 
has ever been heard of the vessel that was sent it 
was supposed all were lost. To-day is the twentieth 
century reunion of the good old Class of '95, so come 
along and sec the boys." We threaded our way 
among innumerable paths, he plying me with ques- 
tions and I answering as best I could. When I told 
him as reply that I was not married, it called forth 
another ' ripple of laughter. " You have it on 
Parker," he said, " for as the last, consistent to the 
last, and supposing himself to be the last, he was the 
last to get spliced last year." Just then we came 
upon a scene which I can only liken to va^ue mind 
pictures, which I had formed of some of iEneas' 
feats with his companions. A long structure, yet 
so airy and light withal that it could scarce be called 
a structure; innumerable pillars which seemed 
really to support nothing, for neither roof nor cover- 
ing was to be seen except that furnished by the many 
overhanging trees. Along the centre of this Greco- 
Roman building stood a goodly table, covered with 
all a gormand could desire, while around this, reclin- 
ing on couches, in fitting harmony to the scene, 
were a company of forty or more of men, all appar- 
ently in the prime of life. On our appearance a 
shout went up which I found was pretty nearly con- 
tinuous, as new arrivals were constantly coming. 
Mayo piloted ine to an empty bench through a 
guantlet of outstretched hands, and presently the 
meeting was called to order. The master of ceremo- 
nies was Tom Doherty, the same old Tom, no 
change. He made a few |remarks to the point ; as 



94 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



usual, the Bowdoin yell, followed by that of the 
class, was given with a vim, showing that twenty 
years hadn't affected many lungs among us. Then 
came the roll call. All were there but one, and 
even as the last echoes of Woodbury's "present" 
were dying away, a commotion was heard outside, 
and Parker came slowly into view. Good old R. T. 
It certainly did seem like old times. After his dis- 
turbance had subsided, it was decided that, beginning 
with my worthy guide, each in turn should give a 
short account of his life. 

The Herr arose, cleared his throat, and proceeded 
on his way. His life, he said, had been one of migra- 
tion, a constant changing from one line of business 
to another, although he had been strangely success- 
ful in everything he had undertaken, even as at col- 
lege, yet he could not settle down. At present, he 
held a position under the government, that of tester 
of tobacco. He was married, and had three children, 
the oldest of whom would enter Bowdoin the follow- 
ing year. Again his laugh welled up and trickled 
over, and he sat down. 

There was no mistaking the next individual who 
arose, even if the head of the table had not recog- 
nized him with " Mr. Webber." It was evident 
that George had grown neither up nor down since 
the long ago, but this evidence was wholly lacking 
in other directions. Also, he had a moustache, and 
a cunning little imperial. He had accepted, soon 
after graduation, a position on a division of the 
financial bureau, and had, through his all-fired per- 
sistency and hard work, become head of the financial 
department. It was through the adoption of his 
method that the hard times of 1900 had been averted. 
Just here a long-drawn yawn was stifled and Ed 
Lovejoy was restored to a state of subjection. 

For me there was little need of introduction to 
the following speaker. Born and brought up in the 
same town, and thirteen years a classmate, had 
indelibly stamped his features upon my mind. As 
Buzz Mitchell modestly spoke of his triumph in the 
medical profession, my heart was glad, for had I 
not at our high school graduation, prophesied this 
life for him? There was but little change. Smooth 
faced as of old, one could scarce see alterations 
except perhaps that practice had brought coolness 
and decision. 

F. O. Small was next, and, like Buzz, had changed 
but little, save that his forehead was much higher. 
He, it seemed, was teaching the young idea how to 
shoot, not hirsute, you understand, for he could not 
comb to that. He had drifted away up into Alaska, 
which had become, as I learned, the thriving portion 
of Uncle Sam. "The pay was excellent up there," 



he said, and when he had salted down a little more 
of that commodity which through its universal 
sought-after-ness, had become money, in that local- 
ity, he intended to bring his family back and settle 
down for life. 

The form which next arose provoked my admir- 
ation, and the face was new. But when Tom called 
him Dudley, I knew it must be Herbie. Yet how 
changed. What had in the olden days been a seem- 
ingly sufficient rotundity must now certainly have 
reached its largest circulation. Dud was selling a 
corn salve and eradicalor of his own preparation. 
Hot piper Small had invented a new kind of shoe, 
and Herbie had established a branch firm wherever 
these shoes were sold, and the ducats were rolling in 
fast. Dud subsided, and two forms arose, — the one 
great, the other Small. After a moment's hesitation, 
the larger stretched himself again on his couch, and 
watched with rapt attention the features of the other. 
This it turned out was our representative of the 
genus Smith. He, and his twin, Pope, who had 
formed the Romulus and Remus of our class, had, it 
seemed, both studied medicine, gone West, married 
sisters, and settled in adjoining houses with a back 
gate between. Here with an anxious care they 
looked after each other's welfare, and here they, like 
many another of their classmates, helped to keep up 
to the average the enormous death rate, and keep 
down to its proper limit the increasing population. 
As Perley had so kindly given the history of both, 
Seth found it unnecessary to rise, and giving his 
other self a tender smile, made one think of the old 
couplet, "Two souls with but a single thought, two 
hearts that beat as one." 

We now gave ear to Stet. He had found it so 
much to his taste to manage things while in college 
that he had adopted this as his profession. He had 
managed everything from a dime museum to a first- 
class opera house, from a barn-storming sensational 
drama to a company playing 1,000 night stands. He 
had managed base-ball, foot-ball, cricket, tennis, 
rowing, boxing, trotting, running, and tournaments 
of all kinds. In fact, everything, until there was 
nothing he couldn't manage, and over and above all 
he had managed to make lots of money. 

And now arose one whom we have often seen 
form the tip of the wedge when our eleven went forth 
to do battle. Denny, having been as we all know a 
strong opponent or supporter of protection and free 
trade, had felt on leaving college that the stump was 
the place for him. After a few years his views 
changed with the changing time, and, figuratively 
speaking, he came down off his perch and was soon 
after made Judge. This position he was holding, 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



95 



he said, at the present day, and had great cause to 
thank himself that he had while in college always 
expressed himself in a clear, precise, and emphatic 
manner, as it had helped him much in his present 
position. 

Lon Morelen took the floor. He had raised a nice 
set of the type known as Bazulas. Shortly after leav- 
ing Alma Malar he had gone as missionary to savage 
wilds and had labored long and earnestly. He had 
twice been doomed to the kettle, but the savages, 
finding it impossible to fat him up, had finally 
regarded him as a god and accepted his teachings. 
He had left his flock under his prime minister and 
come back to meet the boys once more. 

Now Old Solus had had he said a hard time 
deciding on his profession. Of course he knew as 
we all know that he could run, but still there didn't 
seem to be much practical use in running. The war 
between China and Japan had been settled, and even 
if it hadn't, the Chinese had plenty of men who could 
run and run well, too, on the slightest provocation. 
He wanted to teach, but he wanted to be so thunder- 
ing square that the scholars didn't like him. Finally 
he had thought of his attempt at arbitration on a 
squad question of white duck pants. He was in 
favor of giving us something, even if it wasn't more 
than one leg or rather pant apiece. So he had 
become an arbitrator. In his line he was like Stet. 
He could arbitrate anything. And it paid well, too, 
for he was honest enough to see that he got his share. 

Bryant, to judge from his remarks, had had a 
pretty easy time on the whole. He had started in 
as a specialist in surgery, but finally gave it up for 
newspaper work. Twenty years had placed him in 
the chair of editor-in-chief of a big daily, with his 
name known throughout the country. Shortly after 
graduation he had suggested a new plan for the pub- 
lication of the Ohient, which when adopted proved 
very successful. He also worked out a scheme by 
which subscriptions for the above might be collected. 
I have no doubt that half the class like myself are in 
arrears, and having always wanted to do some gen- 
erous act in behalf of my classmates, I will consum- 
mate it now by keeping this scheme of Bryant's a 
buried secret. 

Place was now given to Mead, who on rising 
gave one of his expansive smiles. Meadus' smile is 
the same to its class as Mayo's laugh is to its, one of 
those smiles that, starting from the eyes, spread over 
the face and disappear where all good smiles o- . 
He had speculated in timber lands in the New Eng- 
land States, and becoming successful in this, he had 
pushed his transactions farther and farther until he 



was one of the largest lumber kings in the country. 
He said he was satisfied and sat down. 

And now Phil Stubbs rises smiling until there 
are but two wrinkles where his eyes should be. 
His advancement had been sure. Engaged at first 
as a minor official in a large banking establishment 
he had risen from one position to another until he 
had held the President's chair. Soon after, his 
income being assured, he had resigned and become 
a director and was at the present time traveling 
with his family throughout the whole wide world. 

The next comer looked familiar, but I couldn't 
place him. He began in an easy, but carefully 
selected strain, as one who was used to weighing 
his words. Directly he spoke I knew him for John 
French, alias " Mike Kelley." He had become a 
lawyer. He was settled in a far Western State. He 
had been very successful, he said, and had had but 
one pester, and that was Stet. Stet was always 
getting into some scrape or other in his manage- 
ment and running to him for advice. One day he 
would hear of Stet's being in Madagascar superin- 
tending a cock fight or some such, and the day after 
he would drop in on him all smiles and apologies 
and John would have to fix him up. John became 
seated and Alphabet Lord arose. 

lie looked just as sweet as ever. He had become 
a physician, a heart disease specialist. He said that 
he had found most heart troubles are in the stomach 
or caused by love. He went into a somewhat 
lengthy dissertation, but Eddy Lovejoy yawned again 
and R. T., who never believed in love, rolled off his 
couch, and thus brought Charlie's remarks to a close. 

Harvey Thayer was the next up. I knew it was 
Harvey although he had some nice mutton-chops to 
give him dignity. After leaving college he had 
spent four years as theolog at Andover, and accepted 
a nice parish in New York. He was still there and 
very much liked, as I learned. H.e. had a boy in 
Bowdoin who was like all ministers' children, full of 
the very spirit which his good father labored against, 
but Harvey was not an " out-and- outer " and the 
views on religion had changed. So he seemed to 
have little fear for his son's future welfare. He gave 
us all a cordial invitation to his home and was some- 
what startled when it was unanimously accepted. 

The next speaker rose, thrust his hands into his 
pockets, assumed a Monte Cristo air, and began. 
The words flowed as smoothly from his tongue as 
cold molasses. Honeyed words too, words that it 
did you good to hear, and such a voice — a voice that 
would have been called a Trilby voice in the old 
days, I think, he prattled on so easily ! He was 



96 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Churchill who, after years of fruitless flitting from 
one editor to another with that hoary-haired old moss- 
covered chestnut of a spring poem, had finally 
become recognized, and now had all he could do to 
supply the demand. In connection with poesy he 
had been a literary critic of no little notoriety. 

And now came one Moore. Permit me to say 
that this pun is not original with me. ' It took me 
nearly my whole course to get used to the insatiable 
calls of the professors for " Moore." Moore had 
somehow got into politics and become a diplomat 
and goodness knows what all. At present he was 
holding a position of ambassador among a people 
who dwelt on an island in the Pacific which had 
been thrown up by an earthquake a few years after 
our graduation. It was said that as Moore was 
always very positive in his remarks the people 
respected him much, and it was rumored that he 
would soon sever his connections with his native 
country and become ruler where his views would be 
appreciated. 

Way back in '95 I could tell a dude by the cut of 
his clothes, but fashions had changed and I was 
somewhat at a loss, but I reckoned the man getting 
up next was a dude. He had that air about him 
which marks the fop in all ages, whether his costume 
be a fig-leaf or a Parisian dream. He .began to 
talk in a soft, low voice which showed perfect train- 
ing. His name was Boyd. He was one of the class 
triplets. There had been three of them. Job-lots 
Churchill, Slugger Boyd, and Hair Blair. Boyd of 
course had got married ; as I remarked before they 
were all married. He had been too wicked for a 
minister and not wicked enough for a lawyer, and 
anyway he was too slow for a lawyer. He didn't 
know what to do, and finally, while walking through 
a lanyard one day he had dropped into a vat, and 
when they had brought him to, his business in life 
was settled. He invented some new tanning vats, 
started a yard for himself, and supplied H. P. Small's 
shoe factory. Right here I may as well unite the 
histories of H. P. and Chick in one. Bud coming in 
contact with H. P., who was inventing, developed 
a tendency that way also, and they had gone at it 
together. They invented everything you could think 
of, a flying machine that wouldn't fly and a machine 
for making eggs. They had completed also the 
machine for bleaching ice which Major Poore had 
formerly begun. Then H. P. had his big shoe trade 
and through it all they had made money, H. P. 
looking at things in a philosophical light and Chick 
in his smooth and oily way. 

Next is Double United States Army Kimball. He 
reached into an inner pocket and every man except 



one dodged. They thought he was going to pull 
out another Bugle assessment. Allen Quimby didn't 
dodge. He threw up his hands, having lived in the 
West and learned that custom. Kimball was a doc- 
tor, too. He had started in as a veterinary surgeon, 
but the horse had become nearly obsolete, and he 
had taken to people. He had become famous 
through a discovery that by removing one of the 
small bones of the ear so that it could be readily 
wagged and attaching a whisker to said ear, bald 
people could be made exceedingly comfortable 
during fly time. Bald people were getting daily 
more numerous, even as Dr. Hyde has prophesied, 
and his thanks and wealth grew with their numbers. 

And now arose Thomas at the head of the table, 
of the house of Doherty. There wasn't much he 
said that he could say for himself. Finding that he 
had a good head for the management of business 
affairs, he had started in trade soon after graduation, 
and being successful and business increasing, he had 
now one of the largest stocks in his section of the 
country. He had six children and felt that his life 
had been a success. 

And now a round and rosy eye-glass face of Joe 
Roberts beamed upon us. Joe hadn't had to work, 
he said, a nice legacy had dropped into his hands, 
and besides looking after his money he had nothing 
in the business line to do. He had become an after- 
dinner speaker of great fame and was the Chauncy 
Depew of his day. It came so natural that he easily 
glided into some rich old stories which filled the air 
with roars of laughter and nearly put the Heir into 
convulsions. After Joe had prattled on a while 
without any sign of whoaing, Thomas gently brought 
him to with the remark, " There are others." 

Jerry Simpson, otherwise known as Sockless Jer- 
ry, next arose, with that anxious look which he al- 
ways wore. George had settled right down in his 
native town and had won the affection and esteem of 
all who knew him. He had been principal of the 
high school for years and it had grown under his 
hands to efficiency and completeness. Now he was 
taking a long and much-needed rest. 

Charlie Christie was married, also a doctor; na- 
ture having supplied him with a great gift of gab, 
he had gone into the Indian doctor business, that 
paying best. He traveled with a kind of little show 
of his own and sold medicine incidentally. When 
he had first learned of the reunion, he had been way 
down in Montevideo. His stock of tape-worms had 
given out about that time, so he had packed up and 
come home bag and baggage. He had brought his 
menagerie along to town with him, and even now he 
was fast lapsing into the cow-boy dialect when Tom 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



97 



suggested that he draw to a close, and which he ac- 
cordingly did. 

And now arose one bronzed as to hair by the 
tropic sun and hide-hardened by many an Arctic win- 
ter. Little need to introduce to us Hile Fairbanks. 
He, it proved, had been the Sindbad of our class. 
In one capacity or another, he had been all over the 
globe, when, in 1900, he went to the great Paris Ex- 
position. Returning, he had come by the Cape of 
Good Hope route and the steamship when a few days 
out had been sunk, and being unable to get into the 
boat Hile had floated for clays on some wreckage. 
He finally reached an island of savages, fought his 
way into their esteem, killed their chief and took 
that office upon himself. He was called Rufus, and 
his tribe was known as the Rufi. He had at last 
come home and started an exchange scheme on Wall 
Street, known as two quarters for a half. This is but 
a brief sketch of his remarks. He said be was young 
yet, and if there was anything he had not been 
through he would like to have it mentioned. As all 
knew Hile's capacity for traveling, no suggestions 
were made and he sat down. 

Joe Shaw, known as Coach Shaw, Show Jaw, etc., 
after trying almost everything and finding in his own 
mind that he was capable of anything, established a 
general bureau of information. He had with him 
some kindred spirits from the classes of '90 and '97, 
and what one didn't know another was sure to, so 
they were seldom at fault. They had settled all the 
old enigmas, found the northwest passage, the north 
pole, and communication with Mars. I say found, — 
he had told explicitly how they might be found. 
At the head of such an aggregation was it any won- 
der that Joe should be the picture of corpulent ease, 
happiness, and wealth ? 

Ernest Woodbury had become a minister. He 
was more an itinerant than anything else, going 
whithersoever the winds of destiny blew him, and 
doing an immense amount of good. He would bury 
himself for long periods from public view, only to at 
length come forth, having accomplished some splen- 
did work. He had made it a point to make a tour of 
the class every year that our morals, which in the 
olden time were so high, might not backslide. In 
Tank Savage's Band he had met with a great rebuff 
and had come East to recuperate. 

Eddie Lovejoy said he was an enigma to him- 
self. He had never cared for anyone except him- 
self and had always been suited with his own views ; 
he had done what he pleased, and if people didn't 
like it they would have to lump it. He was up in 
all branches of business and yet he didn't care for 
them. At present he was silent partner in a Deaf 



Mute establishment, where nothing broke the stillness 
but his long-drawn yawn. 

Like the grand old State of Maine '95 had its 
Dora Wiley. He had become a surgeon, and after 
several years' practice had joined an Arctic expedi- 
tion in that capacity, and after ten years of frigid 
wandering had just returned. There had been two 
others of the class on that same expedition, and as 
their accounts were similar I will give them as one. 
Secretary Russ had gone in the capacity of civil 
engineer and Dridley for the mere love of adventure. 
These latter had made themselves conspicuous for 
their supposed discovery of the north pole. One 
day while climbing over the ice floes Ridley had 
come across a good-sized pole reaching to con- 
siderable height and frozen in the ice. He was 
immediately certain of his discovery. Hurrying 
back to the vessel he had obtained Russ and his 
instruments, first swearing them to secrecy, and 
taking a large steel axe, started off. Upon reaching 
the pole the Secretary arranged his paraphernalia, 
Ridley standing by with the axe. Much to their 
surprise and delight the deflection of the needle 
showed that the pole had indeed been reached. In 
his enthusiasm Ridley hurled the axe far from him, 
while the needle, released from its attraction, swung 
merril3' around and grounded at a point many miles 
from the earth's axle. It is said on the way back 
they tried to find the hole to drop into, but they 
couldn't, and they couldn't cut ice for it was too 
thick, and so — 

You all remember Dewey, how he starred in the 
local opera. That, as I found, had been his down- 
fall. Roy always considered himself as good as 
any one and when he became a star in a branch 
separate from the rest of the class, that is double his 
magnitude, he was lost. There is something unde- 
finable about the stage, an attraction that is not to 
be gainsaid. And to this Roy had listened. Upon 
reaching his freedom in college he had collected a 
brilliant aggregation of his own and started out. 
He had introduced something akin to living pictures 
and has been much loved by his company for his 
willingness upon the absence of any member to 
take their place. Thei'e was money in it, Roy 
said, and if there was any member of the class who 
wanted a position he would willingly take him. 

And now arose one with black beard and blackest 
of black, black hair. I might have been in doubt, 
but when he threw out his chest, that chest like a 
carrier pigeon, I knew him. Blair had studied for 
an M.D., but had instead become a D.C. His love 
for the sea had overpowered him and he had become 
captain. But he wasn't a captain now, oh no. Fort- 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



une had decreed that he should clear up one of the 
mysteries of the past, and he had done it. One 
happy day he had been luffing his top-gallant main- 
mast in longitude 2i latitude 4x6, when the sea 
serpent had been discovered. After mucli manceu- 
vreing, the animal had been captured alive and 
Capt. Blair's fortune was made. 

Then there was our Little Billee, not Bagot, but 
Leighton. We all loved him. He was so small and 
inoffensive. He had struck it as rich as Blair. He 
settled down on Cape Cod, started a thriving busi- 
ness shipping sand. Whenever there was a war 
anywhere he always looked happy, for he generally 
supplied both sides. Then he retailed it in small 
quantities for foot-ball and base-ball players, for 
these games had become so rough that forts were 
built for the spectators to occupy. While digging 
to a considerable depth one day some of his work- 
men found Capt. Kidd's treasure, and so Bill, 
through having the sand to work the sand, had raised 
the dust, and Bill was small and the Kidd stuff was 
big enough for him. 

Kimball, puny Kimball I mean, had also gone 
into the show business. He had had a play written 
for him entitled "Samson," and into this had been 
worked all the ancient features and several modern 
ones. He said his first performance bad nearly ruined 
him. He had been unable to find anyone to take 
the part of Jackass, but finally, bethinking himself 
that a selection might easily be made from the class 
of '97, he picked out a man. When he tried to break 
the ass's jaw in the evening he found the muscles 
forming the cheek to be so tough as to defy him, and 
it was only by happily mentioning in the animal's 
ear the peanut drunk of '98, that he was able to slew 
his thousands. 

Ab Badger, also known as Honest Ab, had just re- 
turned from an extended tour to central Africa, whith- 
er he had gone to collect material for his great work 
entitled, " The Unforeseen Whichness of the Why as 
Depicted in the Nambizumas of Darkest Africa.'' 
While there he had captured the heart of a Nambi- 
zuma maiden and consequently been obliged to leave 
the country very suddenly, which had suggested the 
title of a new book, "Fleeting Glimpses of the Jun- 
gle ; or All for Love of Her." Ab said he was tired 
of travel and had accepted a chair of philosophy in 
one of the Western States. 

John Greenleaf Whittier — Knowlton, often other- 
wise playfully called by me, had become head of the 
Bath Iron Works, having as I learned shown suffi- 
cient brass in his nature to make a suitable alloy. 
For eight years after his graduation he had been trav- 
eling abroad and was winding up his trip in Ireland 



passing himself off for the Prince of Wales, when he 
had been mobbed by the irate natives and barely es- 
caped with his life. In spite of all his adventures he 
still retained his ruddy face and hair. 

George Foster had gone directly to Paris and in 
time become connected with the famous hypnotic 
hospital just outside that city. He had remained 
there for the entire twenty years, making this his 
first return to this country. He was requested by 
several members of the class to give some examples 
of his wonderful powers, and cheerfully acquiesced. 
He made Dewey assume a modest air and actually 
endeavor to retire from view. He caused George 
Webber to make a speech in which he acknowledged 
that the other members of the class did know some- 
thing. He caused the anxious look to disappear 
from Jerry Simpson's face and that gentleman to 
sing in a delightfully sweet manner. He made Os- 
trich Kimball deliver a stirring speech for protection 
and Louis Hatch to repeat a whole sentence consist- 
ing of words of one syllable. Such wonderful feats 
of mind over matter filled the class with admiration 
and Foster sat down covered with blushes. 

Axtell had become a professor. He had been 
called from one situatiou to another and had finally 
dropped professing and dabbled in politics a little, 
enough, however, to get sent abroad as minister to 
Russia. A man was wanted who could handle the 
language well, and Archie, having a strong pull with 
the President, had happily secured the position. So 
imbued had he become with the Russian lingo that 
it was with some difficulty that his hearers under- 
stood him. He wound up by remarking, " I 
thoughtski begoshki I mine ownski langovitch had 
forgotten I don't think." 

As the next speaker arose a band concealed 
somewhere about struck up " Hail to the Chief," and 
looking a little close, lo ! I perceived it was Bill 
Ingraham, otherwise known as Gringram. He was 
Chief Justice of the United States, too, and without 
his muzzle. Bill had become first a lawyer. It 
always seemed to me that he was too honest to enter 
that profession, but evidently he knew himself better 
than I. I wanted to ask him if in his venerable 
position he had forgotten Destruction, Shorty, 
Lovuschowski and the rest, but I was afraid I should 
get him laughing, and when William once got 
started, you might as well try to dam the waters of 
the Amazon as his laugh. 

Much was expected from the members of our 
class, but that one of our number should make the 
discovery of the age was certainly gratifying. 
While Fred Fessenden had been traveling in the 
western wilds on a pleasure trip he had, while camp- 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



99 



ing over night in a curiously shaped valley, noticed 
a singular electrical tendency and his curiosity being 
piqued, he had made investigations and found that 
the bottom of the entire valley was strongly charged 
with electricity. He went east, bought the land and 
took back some experts. These, without being able 
to explain the cause, found an evenly balanced flow 
of currents. Fred immediately set up a plant and 
was at the time of the reunion supplying nearly the 
whole country with power. 

Tank Savage had become leader of a band, not 
an instrumental band or a band of robbers, but a 
band akin as to its exodus to Brigham Young's. 
They were not a religious sect, but were those who 
were sorely troubled by " that tired feeling." They 
had a retreat away off in the mountains, no outsider 
knew where. From this haven of rest small detach- 
ments were allowed to return to the world for a 
period, that the customs of civilized man might not 
be forgotten. Tank earnestly endeavored to per- 
suade Parker, Pope, Lovejoy and some of the others 
who were often troubled with the disease to come 
with him, but whether he prevailed or will prevail 
upon them or not I am unable to say. 

Like Jo Roberts, Walter Haskell has not been 
obliged to work, but his life had been by no means 
an idle one. He had made himself the unseen, 
unknown source and power of many philanthropic 
works and was enjoying in his quiet, unassuming 
way the success of his undertakings. 

Holmes had closely connected himself with 
Foster. He had become a criminal lawyer, but his 
work was more nearly in the line of a detective. 
With Foster's hypnotic assistance he had solved some 
of the hardest and most intricate cases which the 
world had ever known. He had, I think, so nearly 
identified himself with Mr. Doyle's "Sherlock 
Holmes " that I am inclined to think that that per- 
sonage was not indeed a myth and that Herbert is a 
descendant in a direct line. 

When I started this nightmare I firmly resolved 
to do no roasting. I did want to be witty, but in 
that I have failed. Several times I have mentioned 
Parker, and under such circumstances as would 
lead one to believe that he was a freak. Because 
R. T. said what he thought and lived as he believed 
he was called a cynic, a skeptic and goodness knows 
what all. He took to lecturing, and since Bob 
Ingersoll, no man has been able to draw as large an 
audience as he. 

Even before graduation, Frank Haskell was in 
demand as a teacher, consequently he made that his 
life work. He was holding an excellent position as 
principal in a large normal school. He beamed 



upon the assembled audience with a few expansive 
smiles and stretched himself upon his couch. 

We remember well when Jim Hicks was called 
our interrogation point. The boys smiled then. 
Even four years developed in him great capacity 
for business. As he rose and told of his success as 
a business man it seemed after all what a logical 
outcome! The business that he handled was what 
brought down the house, so as to speak. He had 
got married and had been singularly successful in 
his domestic life. Seven children had come to bless 
his home. Nightly gambols on the carpet with 
youngest after youngest and daily jauntings behind 
baby carriages built for one, two, and three, had set 
his active mind to working. He had finally invented 
a baby carriage that could take care of itself, and a 
night walker ditto. From this he went into baby 
fixings and enlighteners altogether, and it can readily 
be conceived what an enormous business he was 
doing. Selah. 

Allen Quimby had a snap. He had had more or 
less to do with the Indians in a government way all 
his life. In the course of time danger threatened 
that the Indian race would be wiped from the face 
of the earth and there would be no supply for wild 
west shows, dime museums, etc. Uncle Sam looked 
around for a man competent to take care of his 
original children. Allen seemed to be the man. 
He was selected, accepted, and during the last fifteen 
years had been nourishing with tender care a last 
remnant of the noble red man. 

And now the circle of the table had been nearly 
completed. Only one beside myself remained. 
This was Louis Hatch. Of course I knew who it 
was, for he had been giving me information con- 
cerning the boys all along. He arose with his usual 
alacrity and made the old familiar sweep with his 
eye-glass arm. I was a little surprised, however, 
at the cheer that was given him when he arose, 
when they told me that he was none less than the 
president of our great republic and I had been talk- 
ing with him for upwards of three hours and never 
knew it. Well, I was so busy trying to think what 
I should say that I lost most of Louis' cyclopasdia 
selection, but I know that it was good. 

He sat down ; and as for a moment I hesitated, 
looking around on all the faces grown dear to me 
the scene burned itself into my memory. The noble 
pillars and the grand old trees with their thick 
foliage, the long table covered with its viands 
already fast disappearing, and the faces. I grasped 
my couch, and, ashamed of my delay, sprang up. I 
was sitting in my own bed, the doctor, my folks and 
several neighbors standing around with anxious 



100 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



looks upon their faces, having given me up for a 
lost case. Classmates, friends : I am exceeding 
sorry for this infliction which I have caused. If my 
part should seem to lack in aught, please consider it 
as due to the blow. 

Parting Address. 

By G. E. Simpson. 

Again has time in its rapid flight marked off a 
year. And to-day the Class of '95 in its turn is 
assembled here on this old historic spot, so replete 
with memories of the past, to bid its last farewell to 
Bowdoin. Four years have we been here together, 
following paths which run side by side, urged on by 
a common purpose directed towards a common end. 
Each year have the bonds of friendship which have 
sprung up between us become stronger and stronger, 
until to-day, our purpose accomplished and our end 
attained, we are gathered here to hold the last 
exercises, which as a class of under-graduates we 
shall ever hold, and to pay the last tribute of respect 
to these bonds of friendship which must now so 
soon be broken. 

As we pause here for a moment at the end of 
our college course, and reflect upon the last four 
years, thoughts of the many happy hours spent 
here together and of the many pleasant events 
which have occurred break in upon us, while the 
reverses, the moments of darkness which have of 
necessity come to each of us from time to time, are, 
upon this occasion of mingled joy and sorrow, quite 
forgotten. 

One portion of our work is finished. We have 
passed with credit through the period of preparation 
for the responsibilities of the future. To-day we 
lay aside this college life of careless ease in order 
that to-morrow we may assume our parts in the 
strife and turmoil of the busy world. 

Last year with the graduation of the Class of '94 
one long chapter in the history of Bowdoin's existence 
was completed. And upon the pages of this history 
one can read the names of many famous sons. To 
'95 belongs the honor of being the first class to 
leave these halls since Bowdoin entered on her 
second century. Whether or not we shall add a 
single name to the honor roll of Bowdoin's alumni, 
time alone can tell. If we do, we shall have reason 
to be justly jiroud. If we do not, there will be no 
cause for despair. The genius is the exception. 
Bare it is to find his name upon the alumni roll of 
any college. Doubly rare to find two such names 
as Longfellow and Hawthorne in the same small 



college class. We look back over the history of the 
past and are dazzled for a moment by the brilliancy 
of the deeds of individual men. But all such deeds 
combined account for but a small part of the progress 
which the world has made. If we look more closely 
to find the source from whence this progress comes, 
we discover beneath these meteoric flashes of brill- 
iancy a stream that flows steadily on and on, quiet, 
yet with an irresistible force, derived from the 
united and persistent efforts of men who possess 
but average ability. 

Classmates, it is hard to realize that our college 
days are over, yet such is indeed the truth. And as 
we separate, each going to his chosen task, let us 
take with us an ever-abiding sense of the obligations 
we are all under to the college and to the world. The 
value of a college education does not consist alone 
in the amount of knowledge gleaned from the text- 
book from day to day. Every class is composed of 
men from various sections of the country, represent- 
ing many conditions of life and holding a great 
variety of creeds. For young men differing from 
one another in so many respects to be intimately 
associated during their college course can not but 
have its results. Liberal as the education may be 
which they obtain from books, yet equally liberal is 
the education which they receive in respect to human 
nature. They acquire a power which enables them 
to come into closer touch with a far greater variety 
of people than they otherwise could do. It is by 
reason of this power that college men wield, in 
whatever community they settle, an influence beyond 
that of any other class. This being the truth, it falls 
on us as college men, who are about to enter upon 
the battles of life, to set an example which shall be 
above reproach. Let each of us picture to himself 
his own ideal and then strive on every occasion to 
maintain his standard. 

Old Bowdoin, our Alma Mater, to-day we bid 
thee farewell. Never can we repay the debt of 
gratitude we owe thee for thy kindness and thy 
fostering care. As the time we have spent here 
together has been pleasant, so is our parting sorrow 
most sincere. And now, as we leave these familiar 
scenes so dear to us, to enroll ourselves in that 
broader school, the world, may the influence of 
these surroundings go with us to inspire us to our 
noblest deeds. And whatever may be our position 
in future life, to whatever sphere of activity we may 
be called, may we always prove faithful to the trust 
thou hast reposed within us, and show ourselves at 
all times loyal sons of Old Bowdoin and the Class 
of '95. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



101 



Smoking the Pipe op Peace. 
Still keeping their seats on the platform 
the class proceeded to smoke the pipe of 
peace, a ceremony watched with a conflict 
of feeling by anxious relatives and friends 
in the crowd. Much difficulty was experi- 
enced in getting the pipe lighted, but finally 
it was handed to Mr. Fairbanks, and amid 
great applause, he succeeded in lighting it. 
Then it was sent around the circuit, and 
most of the half hundred men showed a 
remarkable familiarity with its use and a 
reluctance to hand it over to the next man. 
Then the class marched from the hall, in the 
same perfect form that distinguished all its 
marching for the day, and in front of 
Memorial sung the following Class Ode, 
written by H. B. Russ: 

CLASS ODE.. 

Tune—" The Old Oaken Bucket." 
Farewell we must say to thy halls, dear old Bowdoin, 

As sadly, forever we pass from thy care ; 
Farewell to thy campus, thy walks so inviting, 

Farewell to thy whispering pines ever fair. 
The years spent in our seai-ch after knowledge 

Were too happy to last and can never return ; 
How joyous the days that we spent here in college, 

Too late, ah too late, their value we learn. 

Chorus. 
Farewell to old Bowdoin, 
Farewell, friends and classmates, 
Farewell to the pleasures of old 'Ninety-five. 

The century past of thy life, beloved college, 

Was honored by laurels thy children had won ; 
May glories as great and fame quite as lasting, 

Descend on thy name in that now begun. 
The years that for us are the span of a lifetime 

But add to thy youth and thy vigor anew ; 
Thy course is as sure and thy future as certain 

As the river that flows to the ocean so blue. 

Chorus. 

All honor and glory in days of the future 

Will cling to thy name as in days that are past ; 

Thy sons now as ever to thee will be loyal, 
Forever the love of old Bowdoin will last. 



And may we, the latest to leave thy protection, 
Bring joy unto thee and add to thy fame. 

But never will we 'mid the waves of life's ocean 
Be false to thy faith or dishonor thy name. 

Chorus. 

Cheering the Halls — Farewell. 

With the band at their head the class 
marched to the various buildings and halls, 
giving three hearty cheers for each. Then 
the class formed in a circle around the Thorn- 
dike oak, and, after cheering the tree, the 
farewell ceremony took place, each man in 
the class shaking the hand of every other 
man. Then, with more cheering for old Bow- 
doin, the afternoon exercises closed with the 
ringing '95 yell. 

Commencement Ball. 
Tuesday evening, '95's Commencement 
ball was held in Town Hall, and was a most 
delightful occasion. About seventy-five 
couples enjoyed the dancing until a late 
hour. The hall was very prettily decorated. 
Salem Cadet Band furnished the music, and 
Johnson, of Waterville, the supper. The 
patronesses for the dance were Mrs. Alfred 
Mitchell, Mrs. Leslie A. Lee, Mrs. Franklin 
C. Robinson, Mrs. Stephen J. Young, Mrs. 
William A. Houghton, Mrs. George T. 
Files. W. M. Ingraham was floor manager, 
and his aids were C. E. D. Lord, J. S. French, 
Allen Quimby, and G. H. D. Foster. Fol- 
lowing is the order of dances: 

Waltz— La Fiancee. Waldteufel. 
Two-Step— The Grand Commandery. Missud. 

Schottische— Pretty Little Daisy. Christie. 

Lanci ers — A moritta . Czibul ka. 

Waltz — Kaiser Imperial. Strauss. 

Two-Step— On the Move. Bailey. 

Polka— Marjorie. Bednarz. 

Two-Step— Nickersonian. Fulton. 

INTERMISSION. 

Waltz— Danube Waves. Ivanovici. 

Schottische— Golden Hours. Rollinson. 

Two-Step— 2d Conn. Regiment. Reeves. 



102 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Waltz— Espana. Waldteufel. 

Portland Fancy— Old Melodies. Tracy. 

Two-Step— The Directorate. Sousa. 
Waltz — Popular Melodies. 



Graduation Exercises. 

I V7EDNESDAY at 10 a.m. the usual Com- 
■*^ mencement procession was formed in 
front of the chapel, with Col. Plummer, '67, 
as Marshal. Headed by the band and grad- 
uating class it marched to the church where 
the exercises were held. A large-sized crowd 
was in attendance, and the able parts deliv- 
ered by the six speakers commanded the 
closest attention of all. 

MUSIC. 

Prayer by Rev. E. B. Palmer. 

MUSIC. 

The " First " in Education. 

Archie Guy Axtell, Winthrop. 
The Mechanical Theory of Life. 

Bert Lewis Bryant, Lowell, Mass. 
Seventy Years of Liberty and Union. 

Louis Clinton Hatch, Bangor. 

MUSIC 

Essentials of Manhood. 

Guy Bennett Mayo, Srnethport, Pa. 
"America for Americans." 

Hoyt Augustus Moore, Ellsworth. 
The Agnostic and the Dogmatist. 

Ralph Taylor Parker, Farmington, N. H. 

MUSIC 

Conferring of Degrees. 

PBAYER. 
BENEDICTION. 

The Goodwin Commencement Prize, for 
the best written and spoken part, was awarded 
to Mr. Parker, whose oration follows. 

THE AGNOSTIC AND THE DOGMATIST. 

By R. T. Parker. 
This is an age of investigation. The seai-chlight 
of truth is turned into every department of knowl- 
edge. But nowhere more than in religion are the 
old ideas giving place to the new. The temple of 
faith has been shaken from its foundations. Will it 
stand before the storm of criticism ? Or do the facts 
force us to acknowledge the claim of the agnostic 



and the materialist that Christian civilization, having 
gained the whole world, has lost its own soul ? 

It is the boast of agnosticism that Religion is 
vanishing before the progress of scientific knowledge 
like an unhealthful mist before the rising sun. The 
philosophy of Herbert Spencer has deified science, 
and the eloquence of Ingersoll and Huxley proclaims 
the world's emancipation from the chains of a Chris- 
tian mythology. Everywhere we hear the echo of 
the aguostic battle-cry. Behold the conflict between 
science and religion ! 

What has religion to answer to this attack? The 
church of the last generation allowed itself to be 
frightened into the belief that science was the natural 
enemy of religion. Hence its only answer to agnos- 
ticism was to hurl the anathema of the church against 
all science. This unwise, idiotic course bore its log- 
ical fruit in the decay of religion during the last half 
of this century. The refusal of the church to recog- 
nize the discovery of Darwin has done more harm to 
the cause of religion than all the infidels that ever 
lived. 

But to-day the leadership of the church is passing 
into the hands of men who meet the great questions 
of unbelief in a calmer spirit, men whose faith is 
deep enough to see that if there is any truth in re- 
ligion it will pass through the furnace of criticism 
like pure gold. A new spirit animates the church. 
The scales of mediaeval superstition have fallen from 
its eyes. Theology is being reconstructed according 
to the discoveries of science and to meet the compli- 
cated social problem of the twentieth century. It is 
in the light of this modern conception of religion 
that the boast of agnosticism must be answered. 

From the point of view of the larger theology, a 
conflict between science and religion is as impossi- 
ble as a collision between the earth and Mars. Let 
science push its investigations to the very heart of 
the universe ; let it proceed from the origin of the 
species to the ultimate constitution of matter ; let it 
reduce the whole cosmos to a single algebraic for- 
mula. Has God vanished when law and order are 
found in nature? But it is not for science to say 
whether there is a God or not. Its realm is the ma- 
terial world. The business of science is to formulate 
the laws of nature. When science has laid bare the 
deepest secrets of nature, it has solved only one side 
of the great mystery of life. 

There is another side above and beyond nature, 
which defies the scientific method and which may be 
called the supernatural. The moral and spiritual 
forces, the laws that obtain in the mysterious realm 
of mind, the relation between the reason of man and 
the Infinite Reason — these are the supreme questions 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



103 



which it is the business of religion to solve. But 
while independent of each other, science and religion 
both pay allegiance to the imperial throne of philoso- 
phy. Both occupy little plots in a vast field of in- 
vestigation which aims to interpret and unify all 
knowledge according to a consistent theory of the 
universe. Both are tenants holding their titles from 
a higher power. On the one hand philosophy fur- 
nishes the presuppositions of time and space, which 
form the premises of science ; on the other, religion 
plants itself upon the conclusions which philosophy 
has arrived at in its investigation of the spiritual as- 
pect of the world. 

If, then, we accept the proposition that science 
and religion occupy opposite corners of the philo- 
sophical field, how can they come to blows ? Where 
is the ground of quarrel ? There is none. Science is 
not religion and religion is not science. Between 
them is a great gulf fixed which neither can pass 
over without falling into the bottomless pit of false- 
hood. 

When the scientist proceeds from the fact that 
man is related to the brutes to the assumption that he 
is no more than the brutes that perish, he has left the 
domain of physical phenomena where his authority 
is supreme and passed over into the realm of pure 
philosophy where he has no right to trespass. On 
the other hand religion has no more authority to 
deny the smallest fact of science than science has to 
assume the materialistic interpretation of the world. 

The whole trouble is that neither science nor re- 
ligion will mind its own business. Arrogant agnos- 
ticism insists that science has supplanted religion ; 
while stupid dogmatism answers that the Bible is 
infallible. The church is passing the treacherous 
strait between the Scylla and Charybdis of dogma- 
tism and materialism. Let no one fondly imagine 
that a wreck in the whirlpool of dogmatism will be 
less disastrous than if the ship be sucked into the 
hungry vortex of materialism. 

However absurd and irrational agnosticism may 
seem, it is but the extreme protest against the big- 
otry and superstition of the church. The worst ene- 
mies of religion are always within its own bosom. 
The real cause of all the disasters that have overtaken 
the church is the wolf of bigotry that Christianity 
has hugged to its heart. It has gnawed at the vitals 
of religion for eighteen hundred years. It has made 
infidels, burned saints, suppressed science. Priestly 
corruption, furious controversy, civil war and the 
cruel Inquisition mark its bloody career. Always 
clad in sheep's clothing, this ecclesiastical wolf has 
held the highest places in the church. Bigotry has 
sat upon the throne of St. Peter and ruled the world ; 



it has dragged the Juggernaut of an infallible Bible 
over the prostrate form of Protestantism ; it has 
stabbed the tender conscience with cruel creeds, and 
opened Pandora's cursed box, from which a legion of 
hostile sects have issued to plague the world ; it has 
promulgated the barbarous doctrines of predestina- 
tion and infant damnation. And so deeply has this 
viper buried its fangs in the fair bosom of religion 
that after centuries of struggle the church is not yet 
free from it. 

Agnosticism is not slow to take advantage of this 
weakness. The great popular addresses of Mr. In- 
gersoll are all attacks upon the intolerance and su- 
perstition of the church. All the power of his 
matchless eloquence is devoted to prove the astound- 
ing proposition that Christianity and the parasite that 
feeds upon it are one and the same thing. What a 
pitiable lack of historical insight is here displayed! 
In their eagerness to lay all the evils of this wicked 
world to the door of religion, Mr. Ingersoll and the 
Agnostic school ignore the struggle for freedom 
within the church itself, and are blissfully uncon- 
scious of the fact that science owes anything to re- 
ligion. 

But the Agnostic is no blinder than the dogma- 
tist. The stumbling-block of both is the fact that in 
religion as everywhere else it is only by the stern 
sifting process of evolution that the wheat can be 
separated from the chaff. The conflict between the 
two great antagonistic tendencies of the human mind 
— conservatism and reform — makes up the history of 
religion as well as that of politics and literature. 
This long, bitter, but inevitable struggle is the con- 
dition without which a pure church, an immortal 
literature, or a powerful state would forever remain 
an empty and fruitless dream. 

"The present is the child of all the past" is a 
principle which, while uttered by Mr. Ingersoll, is 
really the greatest argument against his position. 
If this be true, then we must turn to the pages of 
history for the motive force which has carried the 
world onward in the march of civilization. What do 
we find ? We find that when the barbarian flood 
overwhelmed Rome and the lamp of learning seemed 
extinguished, it was the church that preserved the 
spark, which, cherished in the monasteries during 
the long winter of feudalism, was rekindled in the 
Christian universities, and at length blazed forth into 
the brilliancy of modern science. The agnostic, like 
Prometheus, has stolen his fire from heaven. 

During the whole period of the middle ages, when 
the world seemed relapsing into a blacker night 
than that which preceded the day of Greek and Ro- 
man civilization, the church alone was the great 



104 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



civilizing leaven by which the huge lump of medie- 
val barbarism was slowly raised to the position of 
civilized nations. 

But at this point we pass from the mistake of the 
Agnostic to the blunder of the traditionalist. Dogma- 
tism is also a refusal to recognize the significance of 
history. It is the assumption that the white robe of 
religion, which was dragged through the bog of the 
middle ages, is now free from every trace of corrup- 
tion, that the church has at last outgrown the intol- 
erance and superstition of the past, and that in the 
light of modern knowledge the last word has been 
said in religious matters. 

Obstruction has always been the business of the 
dogmatist. "The world moves" is a proposition 
that he denies to-day as much as he did in the time 
of Galileo. He cannot see that a system of theology, 
which will satisfy the needs of one generation, can- 
not possibly be crammed down the throat of the next. 
The history of the church is the record of his futile 
attempts to chain clown reason with worn-out creeds. 
The Reformation was the first great revolt against 
the oppression of an antiquated theology. It was 
the first step in the process of reconstruction by 
which theology has been revised to meet the needs 
of each succeeding age. 

The so-called conflict between science and relig- 
ion is the last charge of the reformer against the 
stronghold of ecclesiastical bigotry. The monastic 
conception that the Bible is a scientific text-book is 
the citadel where the shattered forces of conserva- 
tism rally for the last stand. But even here the dog- 
matist has been forced to yield point after point be- 
fore the attacks of the reformer. First he was com- 
pelled to accept the Copernican theory. Next he 
had to admit that a Christian might consistently be- 
lieve in the law of gravitation. Now that science 
has demonstrated the theory of evolution, dogmatism 
raises its ugly head again and hisses " Heretic," in 
the old-fashioned way. But it is the last time. The 
lingering opposition to evolution is the despairing 
cry of defeated dogmatism. The battle is won. It 
only remains to secure the fruits of victory. 

The coming century will witness a revolution in 
religious thought that will sweep away the last ves- 
tige of intolerance and superstition. 

But while frankly admitting that Christianity is 
only just emerging from the blackness of mediaeval 
barbarism, we must not forget that it is the lamp 
that has lighted the feet of progress in all a°-es. 
The Agnostic boast that civilization has outgrown 
Christianity is the insane delusion of Pessimism. 

Christianity and civilization are nothing less than 
cause and effect. Christianity is the air that civiliza- 



tion breathes. It is the atmosphere of light that per- 
vades all thought. In it bloom the fairest flowers of 
science, literature, and art. Beneath its radiant 
beams sit all the nations that have "Progress" 
painted on their banners. Without the pale of its 
benign influence the white sail of commerce is sel- 
dom seen; the busy hum of industry never heard; 
the blessings of political freedom are unknown. 
The church is the Rock of Ages to which science and 
literature cling like the clambering ivy upon the 
ancient monument. From this rock blazes the beacon 
which has lighted the centuries and which alone 
casts a gleam over the dark and troubled waters of 
the future. The storms of unbelief may beat upon 
it ; the dogmatist may disfigure its face with the rust 
of worn-out creeds ; but the waves of agnosticism 
cannot shake it; and the hand of Freedom will wipe 
off the scars which superstition has scratched upon 
it. Its foundations are laid so deep in the heart and 
mind of humanity that it cannot be shaken. Chris- 
tianity ! the faith of the past, the hope of the future, 
it is divine. 

Commencement Dinner. 
At noon, Thursday, immediately after the 
exercises in the church, the procession of the 
band, graduates, college officers, and alumni 
re-formed and marched to the Sargent Gym- 
nasium, where the annual Commencement 
Dinner was served. Over 500 were pres- 
ent and enjoyed an excellent dinner served 
by Caterer Johnson of Waterville. Though 
the rain, which had been threatened all 
the forenoon, now begun to fall and fell 
steadily all the afternoon, there was plenty 
of sunshine in the gymnasium, where the 
loyal sons of the old college met in merry 
reunion to feast, to revive the happy memories 
of the past, and to eulogize in eloquent words 
their proud Alma Mater. After the dinner 
the good old college hymn was sung with 
a will, Professor Chapman leading. Then 
President Hyde made a brief address of 
welcome to the alumni. He said that this 
occasion seemed like the reunion of a family 
group in contrast to the elaborate and formal 
celebration of Bowdoin's centennial last year. 
He spoke of the responsibilities that the 
opening of the new era brought to the col- 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



105 



lege and explained at length the change in 
the admission requirements. He dwelt upon 
the progress the college is making, upon its 
financial condition, and its promising out- 
look for the future. 

In conclusion, President Hyde said: 
"While Bovvdoin has been governed almost 
exclusively by boards composed of its 
own alumni, occasionally other colleges 
have been represented among their govern- 
ing officers. Recently our Board of Trustees 
has been strengthened by an infusion of the 
blue blood of Yale;" and then as he intro- 
duced Chief Justice Peters to respond for 
the Trustees of the college, the applause 
made the building shake. The alumni sprang 
to their feet and gave a rousing three times 
three for the Judge, showing the strong hold 
he has on the hearts of Bowdoin men. The 
crowd had fresh in mind his famous speech 
at the centennial dinner. When at last the 
applause subsided, he began one of his char- 
acteristic speeches, inimitable in delivery, 
sparkling with wit, full of sense, and rising 
at times to truest eloquence. "I love Bow- 
doin," he said, "and intend to be here to 
speak at its glorious second centennial. It 
is the ideal college for a Maine boy. I ad- 
mire its conservatism, and yet am glad for 
the step just taken in broadening its admis- 
sion requirements. I believe in the sound- 
ness of old Bowdoin, and feel that it will 
stand as long as any college in the country 
and that its future will be even more full 
of honor than its past." He spoke of the 
impressive and touching ceremony of the 
Seniors' last chapel, which he witnessed Ivy 
Day, and said that the spirit of true brother- 
hood manifested on that occasion was char- 
acteristic of Bowdoin and Bowdoin men. 
Such a sight as that could not be seen at 
most universities, whether they be real or 
pretended ones. 

Oliver Crocker Stevens, '76, of Boston, 
responded ably for the Board of Overseers. 



He drew a striking picture of the changes at 
Bowdoin within a score of years. He spoke of 
changes soon to come and dwelt, amid much 
enthusiasm, on the subject of an athletic field 
and a new library building. In view of the re- 
cent < change in admission requirements he 
offered this toast in closing: "To the Bow- 
doin graduate of the future, may he be an 
honor to his college, though he know little 
Latin and less Greek." 

James McKeen, '64, of New York, spoke 
for the general alumni association of which 
he is president. He eloquently rehearsed 
some of the reasons why the name of Bow- 
doin is so respected throughout the world, 
and paid a glowing tribute to the character 
of Bowdoin men. 

Hon. J. A. Locke, '65, of Portland, was 
the first representative of any class to be 
called upon, and his speech was worthy the 
noble class he represented. He said his 
class entered 48 men, but its members went 
into the army till but 20 remained to gradu- 
ate. Of these, 14 are now living, and 9 of 
the 14 are here to-day, 30 years later, to pay 
their respects to their loved Alma Mater. Its 
members are scattered all over the world and 
have all done well. Mr. Locke spoke feel- 
ingly of the instructors of his time, and 
closed with a tribute of rare eloquence to 
the old college. 

D. S. Alexander, 70, of Buffalo, N. Y., 
spoke for his class, the graduates of a quarter 
of a century ago. Mr. Alexander is an ora- 
tor of great power and eloquence and his 
speech was a feature of the afternoon. He 
said lie much regretted that his class could 
not have been represented among the speak- 
ers by Hon. James A. Roberts, 25 years ago 
a poor boy working his way through Bovv- 
doin, now holding one of the highest and 
most honorable positions in the gift of the 
people of New York, that of State Comp- 
troller, and with the most brilliant future 
before him. Mr. Roberts was in town, hav- 



106 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



ing a son in the graduating class, bat was 
kept away from the dinner by illness. Said 
Mr. Alexander, "From the days of the great 
orator, Seargeant Prentiss, '26, until to-day 
Bowdoin men, who have gone by hundreds 
to distant States, have become in .every 
worthy line the leading representative of 
those States." He dwelt upon the pleasure 
it gave him to read in the Orient Mr. 
Mayo's prize oration in last winter's '68 
oratorical contest, dealing in so compre- 
hensive and masterly a manner with the 
most intricate and vital social questions 
of the day. He paid a high tribute to 
the ability of the writer and to the educa- 
tional methods of the college where students 
are capable of such work. His eloquent 
eulogy of President Hyde in closing won 
long applause. 

President Hyde called upon F. L. Sta- 
ples, '89, to respond for the younger alumni, 
and the brilliant young Augusta lawyer was 
equal to the occasion, making one of the 
best speeches of the afternoon. He said: 
" It is a pleasure and an inspiration to the 
young alumni to make this annual pilgrim- 
age to our loved Alma Mater. I never knew 
a Bowdoin graduate who did not have a heart 
full of love for the college. We most em. 
phatically approve the step just taken in 
broadening the standard of admission. The 
strength of Bowdoin is in the rank and file 
of her less famous graduates, as well as in 
the long list of her immortal alumni, and I 
pledge you the love and loyalty and best 
service of us who are reckoned among the 
young graduates." 

Judge William L. Putnam, '55, was the 
next speaker. He discussed chiefly the 
change in admission requirements, and while 
commending the change just made, he spoke 
glowing words for the old Greek literature 
and its great importance in the study and life 
of civilized nations. 

Principal Henry K. White, '74, of the 



Bangor High School, spoke for the fitting- 
schools of the state. He strongly commended 
the new departure in offering an alternative 
for Greek, and urged that an even more rad- 
ical stand be taken. He did not see why a 
knowledge of Greek, or even of Latin, should 
be possessed by the recipient of the degree 
of A.B. 

Hon. Joseph A. Moore, '65, of Thomas- 
ton, was called upon and proved a most in- 
teresting speaker upon the topics of his class, 
and the general welfare of the college. 

The last speaker was Dr. D. A. Robinson, 
'73, of Bangor, who was asked to respond 
for whatever had not been spoken for. His 
three-minute speech, full of wit and elo- 
quence, was a fitting conclusion to the suc- 
cessful exercises of the alumni dinner. 



Medical School Graduation. 

The Commencement exercises of the 
Class of '95, Medical School of Maine, were 
held in Upper Memorial Hall at 9 A.M. 
Wednesday, June 26th. The hall was well 
filled and the exercises commanded the closest 
attention of all. The programme was as 
follows : 

MUSIC. 

Prayer. Rev. Geo. F. Adams. 

MUSIC. 

Address. Rev. Jonathan L. Jenkins, D.D. 

MUSIC. 

Oration — Medical Progress. 

James Edward Keating, A.B. 

MUSIC. 

Presentation of Diplomas. 

President William DeWitt Hyde. 

MUSIC. 

We regret that we cannot present the 
brilliant address of Rev. Dr. Jenkins of Port- 
land. It was a most able effort, deep and 
thoughtful, yet sparkling with wit, and for 
an hour held the closest attention of the 
crowded hall. In presenting the diplomas, 
President Hyde announced that the five lead- 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



107 



ing men of the class were R. W." E. Buck- 
nam, T. W. Luce, J. E. Keating, B. L. 
Noyes, and L. C. Bickford. The members 
of the class number 31, as follows: 

Merton Wilmot Bessey, Louis Charles Bickford, 
Lendall Hall Brown, Ernest Linwood Burnham, 
Ralph Waldo Emerson Bucknani, George Wesley 
Blanchard, George Russell Campbell, Harry Hayford 
Colburn, Jesse Eugene Cook, Charles Pearl Field, 
William Byron Flint, Clarence Winfield Pierce Foss, 
Willis Elden Gould, John Eugene Gray, Arthur 
Eugene Harris, Robert Ambrose Holland, James Ed- 
ward Keating, William Beaman Kenniston, Thomas 
Warren Luce, Frank Wilson Lamb, Arthur Loring 
Macomber, Harold Charles Martin, James Lawrence 
McAleney, Alfred Mitchell Merriman, Albert Wilson 
Nash, Benjamin Lake Noyes, George Earle Parsons, 
Harry Gilman Reed, Amos Elwyn Small, Wallace 
Edgar Webber, Charles Sumner Fremont Whitcomb. 

The class officers are as follows: 
President, Thomas Warren Luce; Vice-Presi- 
dents, Harold Charles Martin, William Byron Flint, 
Clarence Winfield Pierce Foss ; Secretary, Louis 
Charles Bickford ; Treasurer, Frank Wilson Lamb ; 
Orator, James Edward Keating; Marshal, Robert 
Ambrose Holland ; Executive Committee, Ernest 
Linwood Burnham, chairman, Willis Elden Gould, 
George Earle Parsons, Arthur Loring Macomber. 

The graduating oration of the class was 
an unusually able effort and was well de- 
livered by Mr. Keating. It is given below 
in full: 

MEDICAL PROGRESS. 
By J. E. Keating. 
The philosophic mind, as it reviews the history 
of the ages, dwells not on the old heroes and demi- 
gods, so often the subjects of story and song, not on 
the dynasties which in times past have guided the 
destinies of nations, and which have ceased to be, 
not on the customs and habits of by-gone genera- 
tions, but dwells rather on the works of the sages and 
law-givers who devoted their energies and lives to 
the advancement of their fellow-man and the good of 
posterity. 

Such are the ones who engaged in the solution of 
the problems of progress, and the giving of impulses 
for good have linked together the chains of the past 
and the present. Their zeal and steadfastness have 
made possible the wonderful changes in art and 
science which have characterized modern days. 



Progress is not a plant of rapid growth. The 
history of the world proves that no new idea can at 
once take root in the human reason and attain its full 
growth in a night. The mind of man furnishes but 
poor soil for all the ideas, theories, and plans which 
at times have agitated the world and shaken it even 
to its foundations. Finding a temporary resting- 
place in the hot and seething brain of mad enthusi- 
asts and visionaries, they have soon withered away 
in the chilling atmosphere of reason. 

Progress belongs to no one period, nation or 
clime. All peoples and times have contributed to 
its growth or conservation. Antiquity can boast of 
names never surpassed in the annals of fame. The 
libraries and museums of ancient days have yet to be 
equaled. The middle ages, unjustly called dark, 
were the conservators of the knowledge of the past. 

Progress is not a conflict between the ideas of the 
past and the present. Not by rejecting all the teach- 
ings of the past has the world advanced. In the evo- 
lution of thought many ideas have perished. New 
avenues of thought and new truths discovered, but 
the truths of old still remain as the truths of to-day. 

To give the past its just due robs not the present 
of any of its glory. The nineteenth century has been 
indeed the century of wonders. From its inception 
it has been marked throughout by wonderful changes 
in the mental, moral, and physical progress of man- 
kind. Discoveries and inventions have so closely 
followed one another that nothing to-day appears in 
the nature of surprise. The present age has wit- 
nessed the extinction of human slavery amongst 
enlighteued peoples. Autocratic governments in civ- 
ilized communities have practically ceased to exist. 
The freedom of speech and press, almost unknown a 
half century since, except in our own favored coun- 
try, has invaded all parts of the Christian world. 
Liberty, justice, and equality before God and man, 
are of right demanded by all nations, and where the 
demand has not already been heeded, it will soon be 
met. In that mighty nation of Europe, where prog- 
ress and science last found a foothold, the spirit of 
the times has been abroad and the last quarter of a 
century has seen marked amelioration in the condi- 
tion of its people. It is not too much to expect that 
even the declining of the century will witness the 
doom of absolute autocracy under the reign of a 
monarch imbued with liberal ideas and actuated by 
a sincere desire for the welfare of his subjects. Rul- 
ers are recognizing that failure and destruction alone 
await that country where the administration of jus- 
tice is uncertain, where the wishes of the majority 
are ignored, where the natural resources of a coun- 



108 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



try cannot be developed, where illiteracy is the rule, 
and where the interests of people and rulers differ. 

Despotisms in the past have been overthrown, 
only to be succeeded by despotisms. 

The government of the future must always be a 
rule of education. 

To speak alone of the inventions of the century is 
to almost mention the material progress of the 
world. The triumphs of steam, electricity and their 
kindred forces are almost innumerable. The names 
of most of these inventors are forgotten, but the 
principles they enunciated are destined to live for all 
time. In the realms of the natural sciences the men 
of the present day have not been wanting in adding 
their quota to the world's store. Astronomy has dis- 
covered new worlds in the boundless confines of 
space and has explained the changeless laws gov- 
erning their actions. Natural philosophy has forced 
nature to become subservient to and to adminis- 
ter to the wants of the human intellect. Over and 
over has chemistry multiplied its few original ele- 
ments, and even within a few months has added 
another to its already long list. From the elements 
and compounds it has evolved numberless new com- 
binations which to-day are contributing so much to 
the needs, comforts, and health of mankind. With 
this advance in intellectual thought and material 
growth, despite the statements of those who igno- 
rantly proclaim its lack of progress, the study of 
medicine has kept pace. 

For centuries, hampered and restricted by the 
ignorant fears and superstitious prejudices of those 
whom it most benefited, it has leaped the barriers 
and burst the bonds which bound it and is to-day 
truly fulfilling its glorious mission. Out of an 
almost countless array of facts, collected at so much 
care by the students of the past, it has solved in a 
great measure the causes of disease and the laws 
governing them. From empiricism it has advanced 
step by step until it has become firmly fixed amongst 
the sciences of the world. Not an abstract science 
for the dreamer alone, but one dealing with what of 
human affairs most concerns mankind. 

The discoveries of Jenner in the closing hours of 
the last and their application at the dawn of the 
present century, marked the beginning of the con- 
flict between the Science of Medicine and contagion. 
Slandered and traduced when first his discoveries 
were announced, to him was given, as it is given to 
few, to live to see the beneficial results of his work 
and to receive the gratitude and approbation of his 
fellow-men. Variola, which before his day dev- 
astated all countries and destroyed the lives of 
countless millions, and which was never absent 



epidemically in some part of the world, has almost 
disappeared. 

To-day it can only exist when nurtured and fos- 
tered by ignorance and superstition. Repeatedly 
has a similar course been since instituted in other 
diseases and attended always with gratifying results. 

When the autumn months last appeared, bring- 
ing with them their attendant train of diseases, the 
labors of Roux and Behrings in a similar line 
resulted in a discovery which brought back to many 
homes the happiness apparently so soon to depart. 
The close of the century has furnished a fitting 
climax to the work of the opening. 

Probably no event of modern days has been 
fraught with more importance to mankind than the 
renewal of the investigations into the Science of 
Bacteriology. The knowledge of the existence of 
bacteria and micro-organism in disease dates back 
hundreds of years, following close upon the inven- 
tion of the microscope. But to the scientist of the 
present generation belongs the honor of discovering 
the true relations existing between them and disease 
processes. 

Pasteur, Koch and their fellow-workers have 
demonstrated in a large percentage of cases the 
absolute identity of these with the cause of disease. 
Their researches have progressed sufficiently to 
establish a well-founded belief that most disease is 
preventive, due as it is to a germ existing without. 
Of but little practical benefit would these results 
have been had their investigations ended here. 

Later it has been abundantly proven that the en- 
trance of these destructive germs into the human 
system could be prevented and in many cases where 
an entrance had been effected, that they could be ex- 
terminated or dislodged. 

The principles of asepsis and antisepsis have be- 
come the very essence of the practice of medicine. 
Hygiene, which before its introduction was almost 
barren of results, has accomplished little less than 
the marvelous. 

Contagion and infection have been confined to 
their birthplaces. Epidemics formerly ceasing only 
when material was exhausted, have been strangled 
at their inception. Regions alone have severely 
suffered where through the ignorance or cupidity of 
rulers, these principles have been ignored. 

Two summers have not yet elapsed since we were 
startled and alarmed by the news flashed over the 
wires that cholera, the scourge of the East, was 
thundering at our doors for admission. 

Frequently it had invaded our shores and its 
march was from ocean to ocean, unopposed, leaving 
in its train desolation and woe. But the progress of 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



109 



the age had learned the causes of the pestilence and 
had found weapons to combat it. Again and again 
it renewed its assaults upon us only to be repulsed. 
At length, baffled and despairing, it slunk away to 
its native home upon the banks of the Ganges. 

Under the guidances of these principles and im- 
proved methods following as a result of them, the 
feats of surgery have approached the miraculous. 
Operations are performed daily at which even a 
decade since the rashest would have shrunk aghast. 

The field of action of the successful surgeon em- 
braces the entire human system. No cavity, no 
organ is too sacred to admit of his interference in 
disease. 

Knowledge has begotten a confidence in the suc- 
cessful surgeon. Boldness, not rashness or timidity, 
characterize all his actions. In all branches of med- 
icine has the same tendency to advance been noted. 
The good of the past has been preserved and new 
and valuable methods and remedies for the treat- 
ment of disease been found. 

Through the better knowledge of the laws 
regulating the functions of the system and com- 
pliance with the principles of Hygiene, the span 
of life has been prolonged half a decade even in our 
generation. The home and business life of the com- 
munity have been rendered healthier and have added 
not a little to its comfort and happiness. 

Fellow-classmates, the time is now come when 
we must enroll ourselves in the ranks of our chosen 
profession, and immediately arises the question, 
what part are we to have in the advancement of 
Medical Progress? Are we to rest supinely with 
minds living only in the past, oblivious to all about 
us, or are we to dwell in the living present, mould- 
ing our thoughts and shaping our actions to benefit 
the present and possibly generations yet unborn ? 

To all men has been given some talent and with 
it the obligation of properly using it. They are 
among the worst of suicides who wantonly stab 
their own fame by not availing themselves of the 
gifts God has given them. Equally culpable with 
them are they who, buried in the seclusion of the 
closet, selfishly use them for their own gratification 
only. 

The arduous labors and self-sacrifice of our 
" predecessors have undoubtedly made our task an 
easier one, yet the responsibilities resting upon us 
have grown proportionately. 

To but few come the happy fortune of making 
startling discoveries in any art or science, but to the 
disciples of all branches of knowledge come the 
privilege of availing themselves of these discoveries 
and utilizing them for his own and humanity's ben- 



efit. On the roster of fame more often are in- 
scribed the names of those who, grasping the 
ideas of another, have pushed them to a successful 
completion. 

For us the didactic lectures are over, but the 
broader field of study lies before us. Students we 
are and students we must be if success is to be ours. 
The printed page and the interchanged thought will 
always be to us an attraction. 

Through observation, reflection, and sympathy 
will come the rounding out of our knowledge and 
the bringing of it to maturity. Neglect to seize 
opportunities for advancement when so many pre- 
sent themselves is positively criminal. 

The times forbid dull mediocrity in any profession 
or calling. Firm in our convictions, yet tolerant of 
the opinions of others let us be, for in the constant 
changes going on around us it will be our lot, as it 
has been of all classes before us, to see that which 
appeared to be immutable and destined to exist 
with the ages, overthrown in a day. Ideas ruling 
the world to-day may fall into oblivion to-morrow r . 
Frankness and sincerity must be our guiding stars. 

The mantle of secrecy enshrouding the form of 
the physician of old lias been rudely torn aside and 
all his actions exposed to the public gaze. 

Reverence for the medical profession is not ex- 
tinct, as scoffers would have us believe, but it is a 
reasoning reverence and one more given to indi- 
viduals than to the profession as a body. Upon the 
worthy only is it bestowed. 

But the words of farewell must be spoken, and as 
we look about us and bid adieu to old scenes, asso- 
ciations, and friends, our thoughts revert at once 
to our noble corps of instructors. Their uniform 
kindness, unfailing courtesy, and grateful words of 
encouragement have ever made our burden lio-nter. 
With them as architects we have laid a foundation 
firm, secure, and substantial. It now remains for us 
to rear the superstructure. Strict adherence to the 
plans draughted and explained by them can only 
result in a work noble, imposing, and complete in 
all particulars. 

In the years to come they will be with us, sooth- 
ing and sustaining us in the hour of difficulty and 
rejoicing when we rejoice. Our happiness will be 
their happiness, our success their success. 

Brothers, we too must part. The old ties which 
have bound us through the years now past must in a 
measure be sundered, but the friendships contracted 
here will know no end. 

We bear with us now the hopes of kindred and 
friends. Let no fault of ours so mar our lives that 
these hopes cannot be realized. And let us pray 



110 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



that we shall have so lived that when the Angel of 
Death shall have visited us and the heart shall have 
gone cold and silent to the grave, we shall have 
left behind us the memory of a life admired for its 
ability, honored for its uprightness, and loved for its 
gentleness and charity. 

President's Reception. 
The reception of President and Mrs. 
Hyde was held in Memorial Hall Thursday 
evening, and in spite of the stormy evening 
was largely attended. It was a most pleas- 
ant occasion for all. Johnson served refresh- 
ments. The hall was prettily decorated and 
illuminated, but the rain prevented the pro- 
posed campus illumination. 

Maine Historical Society. 

The annual meeting of the Maine His- 
torical Society was held in Massachusetts 
Hall at 9 a.m., Wednesday, and the following 
officers were elected: 

President — James Phinney Baxter, Port- 
land. 

Vice-President — Rufus King Sewall, Wis- 
casset. 

Treasurer — Stephen Jewett Young, Bruns- 
wick. 

Corresponding Secretary and Biogra- 
pher — Joseph Williamson, Belfast. 

Recording Secretary, Librarian, and Cura- 
tor — Hubbard Winslow Bryant, Portland. 

Standing Committee — Henry Sweatzer 
Burrage, Henry Leland Chapman, John Mar- 
shall Brown, Edward Payson Burnham, Sam- 
uel Clifford Belcher, Henry Ingalls, and 
Charles E. Nash. 

The following members were elected res- 
ident members: James W. Black, Water- 
ville; D. F. Davis, Bangor; T. D. Freeman, 
Yarmouth ; L. P. Moore, Saco ; Frank L. 
Staples, Augusta; B. B. Thatcher, Bangor; 
Charles E. Waterman, Mechanic Falls; A. 
H. Wright, Portland. Corresponding mem- 
bers, Hon. George Lockhart Rives, New 
York; Rev. Dr. Cyrus Hamlin, Lexington. 



It was voted to hold the annual Field Day at 
Castine. 

Honorary Appointments. 
Class of 1895. 

Harvey Waterman Thayer. 

Elmar Trickey Boyd, Bert Lewis Bryant, Fred 
Lincoln Fessenden, George Henry Dunton Foster, 
Walter Frank Haskell, Louis Clinton Hatch, Her- 
bert Edgar Holmes, Walter Scott Abbott Kimball, 
Edward Sweet Lovejoy, Guy Bennett Mayo, Hoyt 
Augustus Moore, John Langdon Quimby, George 
Eaton Simpson, Harlan Pago Small, George Curtis 
Webber, Ernest Roliston Woodbury. 

Arcbie Guy Axtell, Frank Weeks Blair, Leroy 
Sunderland Dewey, John Shaw French, Charles 
Edward Dimmock Lord, Alfred Mitchell, Jr., Ralph 
Taylor Parker, Joseph Banks Roberts, Fred Ossian 
Small, Philip Dana Stubbs. 

Following is a full list of the names and 
addresses of the members of '95 who have 
now received their degree of A.B. and 
have severed their active connection with 
old Bowdoin : 

Archie Guy Axtell, Winthrop; Abner Anderson 
Badger, Farmington ; Frank Weeks Blair, Booth- 
bay Harbor ; Elmar Trickey Boyd, Bangor ; Bert 
Lewis Bryant, Lowell, Mass. ; Charles Sumner 
Christie, St. Albans; Allen Leon Churchill, Houl- 
ton ; James Winchell Crawford, Brunswick; Ami 
Louis Dennison, Jay ; Leroy Sunderland Dewey, 
East Machias; Thomas "Vincent Doherty, Houl- 
ton ; Herbert John Dudley, Pembroke; Hiland 
Lockwood Fairbanks, Bangor; Fred Lincoln Fes- 
senden, South Bridgton ; George Henry Dunton 
Foster, Portland; John Shaw French, Norway; 
Frank Herbert Haskell, East Windham; Walter 
Frank Haskell, Westbrook ; Louis Clinton Hatch, 
Bangor; Herbert Edgar Holmes, Lewiston; William 
Moulton Ingraham, Portland ; George Lincoln Kim- 
ball, Waterford; Walter Scott Abbott Kimball, Port- 
land; John Greenleaf Whittier Knowlton, Bath; 
William Elston Leighton, Doering : Churles Edward 
Dimmock Lord, Biddeford ; Edward Sweet Lovejoy, 
Augusta; Guy Bennett Mayo, Sraethport, Pa.; 
Frank Herbert Mead, Bridgton; Alfred Mitchell, 
Jr., Brunswick ; Hoyt Augustus Moore, Ellsworth; 
Alonzo William Morelen, Pemaquid; Ralph Taylor 
Parker, Farmington, N. H.; Setb Ellis Pope, Gardi- 
ner; J. Langdon Quimby, Gardiner; Allen Quimby, 
North Sandwich, N. H.; Edward Turner Ridley, 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Ill 



Topsham ; Joseph Banks Roberts, Buffalo, N. Y.; 
Harry Bertram Russ, Freeport ; Sewall Reeves Sav- 
age, Augusta; Joseph Thompson Shaw, Gorhain ; 
George Eaton Simpson, North Newcastle; Fred 
Ossian Small, Madrid; Harlan Page Small, Bidde- 
ford; Lewis Frauklin Soule, Phillips; Arthur Har- 
vey Stetson, Bath; Philip Dana Stubbs, Strong; 
Harvey Waterman Thayer, Gray; George Curtis 
Webber, Auburn ; Arthur Goodwin Wiley, Bethel ; 
Ernest Roliston Woodbury, Castine. 

Prizes and Awards. 

Following is a list of the prizes and awards 
announced during the spring term : 

Goodwin Commencement Prize — Ralph Taylor 
Parker. 

Pray English Prize— Louis Clinton Hatch. 

English Composition— horns, Clinton Hatch and 
Harvey Waterman Thayer, first prizes ; Allen Leon 
Churchill aud Ernest Roliston Woodbury, second 
prizes. 

Brown Extemporaneous Prizes— Guy Bennett 
Mayo, first prize; Harlan Page Small, second prize. 

Junior Declamation Prizes — Robert Orange 
Small, first prize; John Newman Haskell, second 
prize. 

Smyth Mathematical Prize — Harry Maxwell 
Varreli. 

Sewall Greek Prize— Joseph Williams Hewett. 

Sewall Latin Prize — David Dana Spear. 

Goothvin French Prize— Charles Cogswell Smith. 

Phi Beta Kappa. 
The Phi Beta Kappa held its annual meet- 
ing Wednesday afternoon in Adams Hall. 
The following officers were elected : Presi- 
dent, Henry L. Chapman, '&()■, Vice-Presi- 
dent, H. H. Burbank, '60; Secretary and 
Treasurer, Prof. F. C. Robinson, '73; Liter- 
ary Committee, Prof. G. T. Little, 76, G. C. 
Moses, '56, J. A. Locke, '65, Charles F. Libby, 
'64, and H. C. Emery, '92. The following 
• were elected delegates to the triennial con- 
vention at Saratoga next September : James 
McKeen, '64; W. V. Wentworth, '86, and 
Prof. H. L. Chapman, '66. 

The following from '95 were elected mem- 
bers : H. W. Thayer, E. R. Woodbury, G. 



H. D. Foster, L. C. Hatch, W. S. A. Kimball, 
H. P. Small, H. A. Moore, J. L. Quimby, 
G. E. Simpson, F. L. Fessenden, B. L. Bry- 
ant, G. C. Webber, H. E. Holmes, and G. B. 
Mayo. 

Boards of Overseers and Trustees. 
Several meetings of the Boards of Over- 
seers and Trustees were held during the 
week and much routine business was trans- 
acted and several matters of importance 
came up. C. S. Rich, '92, was elected in- 
structor in rhetoric and elocution for a year 
during the absence of Mr. Mitchell. It was 
voted that no honorary degrees be conferred 
this year. It was voted to rescind the vote 
passed a year ago by which elementary 
French was made a part of the requirement 
for admission. The most important step 
taken was the change in admission require- 
ments by which an alternative is offered for 
Greek. This was strongly urged by Presi- 
dent Hyde and the Faculty and is a pro- 
gressive movement that places Bowdoin still 
more strongly in the front. It was voted 
that either of the following four require- 
ments be accepted as a substitute for the 
requirement for admission in Greek: 

1. Three years of French. 

2. Three years of German. 

3. Two years of Physics and one j'ear of 
Mathematics. 

4. Two 3'ears of Chemistry aud one year 
of Mathematics. 

Provided, that the degree of A.B. shall 
be given only to those who shall have taken 
the amount of Greek now required for grad- 
uation, and that opportunity for the begin- 
ning of Greek be provided within the college 
curriculum; and that the degree of B.L. or 
B.S. shall be given to those who complete a 
four years' course which does not include 
Greek. The vote also provided in detail the 
requirements in each of the branches which 
may be substituted for Greek. 



112 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



List of Alumni Present. 
The following is as nearly a complete list 
of the alumni back Commencement week as 
could be obtained. Doubtless there are many 
names omitted. 

1835.— Josiah Crosby, Wm. Flye. 

1836.— Geo. F. Emery. 

1839— C. F. Allen. 

1841. — Henry Ingalls. 

1844.— Geo. M. Adams. 

1848.— John Dinsinore, Seward F. Humphrey. 

1849.— John S. Parker, M.D. 

1850— S. P. Buck. 

1852. — John H. Goodenow, Joshua L. Chamberlain. 

1853.— J. E. Adams. 

1854.— D. C. Linscott. 

1855.— B. P. Snow. 

1856.— E. B. Palmer. 

1857. — Henry Newbegin. 

1858.— I. P. Smith. 

I860.— Sam'l M. Came, Philip M. Stubbs, Horace H. 
Burbank, E. R. Mayo, A. H. Davis. 

1861.— F. L. Dingley, Chas. O. Hunt, G. B. Kenniston. 

1862.— H. O. Thayer, S. W. Pearson. 

1863.— Thos. M. Giveen, F. C. Remick. 

1864. — Enoch Foster, James McKeen. 

1865.— M. J. Hill, Chas. Fish, J. A. Locke, Henry W. 
Swasey, J. E. Moore, S. W. Harmon, M. C. Stone, C. R. 
Brown. 

1866. — Frederick H. Gerrish, Henry L. Chapman. 

1867. — Stanley Plummer, Geo. P. Davenport, I. S. Cur- 
tis, Winfield S. Hutchinson. 

1868.— S. W. Rnndlett, Chas. A. Ring. 

1869.— Clarence Hale, Henry B. Quimby, Edwin P. 
Pay son. 

1870.— Wm. Edwin Frost, D. S. Alexander, J. A. Rob- 
erts. 

1871.— E. S. Stackpole. 

1873.— D. A. Robinson, Franklin C. Robinson. 

1874.— Wm. H. Moulton, Henry K. White, Henry 
Johnson. 

1875. — Frederick H. Powers, Myles Standish, R. L. 
Stanwood, Seth L. Larrabee. 

1876.— E. H. Kimball, Arthur Perkins. 

1877— Curtis Perry, H. V. Stackpole. 

1878.— Geo. C. Purrington, Barrett Potter. 

1880.— E. C. Burbank, Walter P. Perkins, A. H. Holmes, 
F. 0. Conant, John Scott, W. S. Whitmore. 

1881.— William King, M.D. 

1882.— W. H. Moody, M. S. Holway, Chas. H. Gilman, 
Arthur F. Belcher. 

1883.— S. T. B. Jackson, C. C. Hutchins, J. E. Dins- 
more, H. E. Cole. 

1884— F. P. Knight. 

1885.— Alfred W. Rogers, John F. Libby, O. K. Cook, 
Eugene Thomas, Walter Mooers, Eben W. Freeman, John 
R. Gould, J. S. Norton. 

1886.— Levi Turner. 

1887. — Arthur W. Merrill, Merton L. Kimball, Francis 
L. Talbot. 



1888. — James L. Doolittle, A. C. Shorey, Horatio L. 
Card. 

1889.— O. L. Rideout, Frank L. Staples, Sanford L. 
Fogg, L. J. Bodge, Geo. T. Files, Fremont J. C. Little. 

1890.— W. B. Mitchell, W. T. Dunn, W. R. Smith, Geo. 
H. Blanchard, A. Vincent Smith, Thos. C. Spillane, E. P. 
Spinney. 

1891— Henry S. Chapman, Ralph H. Hunt, W. G. Mal- 
lett, C. S. F. Lincoln, C. V. Minott, Jr., Dennis Bangs, 
Edward H. Newbegin, E. G. Loring, Edwin C. Drew, 
C. H. Hastings. 

1892.— Leon M. Fobes, John O. Hull, Alfred M. Merri- 
man, Edward H. Wilson, Fred V. Gummer, William B. 
Kenniston, John F. Hodgdon, E. B. Young, F. H. Cothren, 
H. C. Emery, Harold R. Smith, Chas. M. Pennell, Geo. 
Downes. 

1893.— Geo. S. Machan, J. Shepherd May, Albert Jones, 
Chas. H. Howard, Chas. C. Bucknam, Joel Bean, Jr., 

B. F. Barker, R. R. Goodell. 

1894.— Geo. A. Merrill, Wm. E. Currier, P. F. Stevens, 

C. E. Michels, B. B. Whitcomb, C. E. Merritt, Frederick 
J. Libby, Chas. A. Flagg, Edgar M. Simpson, Arthur Chap- 
man, F. C. Chapman, H. C. Wilbur, F. G. Farrington, 
J. W. Anderson, Alfred V. Bliss, F. W. Pickard, H. S. 
Bagley, Leon L. Spinney, W. P. Thompson, J. A. Leven- 
saler, R. H. Hinkley, Jr., R. P. Plaisted, Norman McKin- 
non, E. H. Sykes, W. W. Thomas, 2d, Elias Thomas, 
Jr., Fred Glover. 



Commencement Concert. 

!F7HE concert in Town Hall, Wednesday, 
■*• under the auspices of the Class of '95, 
was the musical event of the year in Bruns- 
wick. The hall was filled, and the concert 
furnished two hours of thorough enjoyment 
to all. Mr. George Riddle and the Bos- 
ton Philharmonic Club, in "A Midsummer 
Night's Dream," were the attractions, and 
they were assisted by the Salem Cadet Band. 
It was a musical treat such as is seldom 
offered to a Brunswick audience, and was one 
of the most successful events of the week. 



Class Reunions. 

OLASS reunions were not so numerous this 
year as usual, as nearly every class took 
advantage of the large attendance at the 
centennial celebration last year to indulge in 
a reunion, whether it happened to be its 
regular year or not. But as usual informal 
reunions were held everywhere and at all 
times, and were one of the most interesting 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



113 



features of the week. '94 had nearly 30 men 
back, and they were a most enthusiastic 
crowd, their ringing yell sounding out loud 
and often both by day and night. '75 had a 
reunion in Knights of Pythias Hall Thursday 
afternoon, with an attendance of about a 
dozen. '65 had a reunion Wednesday even- 
ing at the City Hotel, and 9 of the 14 sur- 
viving members were present and passed a 
most happy evening. '67, a famous class for 
reunions, having one every year, met at 
Conant's Wednesday afternoon with 7 men 
present. '60 celebrated the thirtieth anni- 
versary of its graduation in Portland, Thurs- 
day evening, with 10 men present. Several 
other classes had reunions of a more or less 
formal nature ; and everywhere were knots 
and groups of old classmates renewing the 
youth of their college days, and reviving the 
happy memories of " auld lang syne." 



Fraternity Reunions. 

WEDNESDAY night after the concert 
was devoted, as usual, to the annual 
reunions of the Greek-letter fraternities, and 
the halls of the various chapters were well 
filled with the "old boys" for whom this 
occasion is always one of the best of the 
week. In most cases they made very late 
hours of it, and the reunions were not only 
occasions of great pleasure to the loyal 
alumni, but of inspiration and profit to the 
active members. 



The Faculty of the University of Wisconsin 
have prohibited Freshmen from playing on any 
'Varsity team, except by special permission of the 
Faculty. 

The Missouri Legislature has appropriated 
$11,200 to the Missouri State University for athletic 
use. It will be used in fitting up a general athletic 
field. 

According to an article by Professor C. E. Thwing 
in the Forum, the average annual expenses of a 
Harvard student have increased during the last 
fifty years from $188.10 to $687.50. 




June 21st will always be a 
memorable date to the members 
of the Class of '98. On the evening 
of that day they celebrated their com- 
pletion of Freshman year by a sump- 
tous banquet at the Preble House in 
Portland. According to the usual custom they 
marched up from the station singing "Phi Chi" 
and other songs. They stopped and cheered Long- 
fellow as they went by his monument, and gave 
the Bowdoin yell. The banquet was of about three 
hours 1 duration and was hugely enjoyed by every 
one present. 

The literary programme was as follows : 

TOASTS. 

" '98," B. E. Spear. 

"Athletics," P.P.Baxter. 
"The Faculty," W.W.Lawrence. 

"Relations with '!)9," E. W. Wheeler. 

" Bowdoin," C. L. Lynch. 

" Our Future," H. M. Bisbee. 

" Our Class," T. J. Murphy. 

"Opening Address," A. B. White. 

" Poem," W. P. McKown. 

" History," E. F. Studley. 

" Closing Address," H. H. Hamlen. 

Mclntyre ably presided as toast-master. For the 
great success of the event much is due to the com- 
mittee of arrangements, which was composed of 
Pierce, Baxter, and Pennell. Most of the boys 
returned the next day, leaving the impression in 
Portland that '98 was one of the best classes that 
ever held its class dinner in that city. 

Now for the long vacation. 

Kyes, '96, will remain for the summer school. 

It is probable that '99 will have about seventy 
men. 

The first real stormy Commencement week for 
years. 

Very few members of '97 and '98 remained over 
Commencement. 

An unusually large number of students will 
canvass this summer. 

The final packing up was a mournful and solemn 
occasion for the '95 boys. 



114 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



The engagements of several Bowdoin boys were 
announced at the close of the term. 

The Lewiston Journal says that Colby will prob- 
ably be granted a chapter of * B K. 

Elliot has been elected editor-in-chief, and 
Andros, business manager of the '97 Bugle. 

Wood, ex-'95, spent Commencement here, and 
participated in part of the exercises of the class. 

Professor and Mrs. Robinson gave a most delight- 
ful reception to the Class of '96 Thursday afternoon, 
June 26th. 

"The political skies are so clear that he who 
runs will Reed," said Dr. Robinson, 73, at the 
alumni dinner. 

Many sub-Freshmen were here last week, and 
were the recipients of much kind attention from 
various " fishermen." ' 

At Union College last week the honorary degree 
of Ph.D. was conferred upon Professor MacDonald 
of Bowdoin. Professor MacDonald was Bowdoin's 
representative at Union's centennial celebration. 

A sample of the fire-proof book-stacks, of which 
mention has been before made, has been placed in 
the library for the inspection of the trustees. It is 
hoped that the South Wing may sometime bo en- 
tirely fitted with them. 

About sixty men passed the examinations for 
'99, from the papers sent to the various fitting- 
schools. This number will be largely increased by 
the twenty-eight who took examinations here last 
week, and by those at the first of next term. 

Dr. P. N. Whittier, '85, and Miss Skolfield, of 
Brunswick, daughter of the late Captain Alfred 
Skolfield, were united in marriage, Monday, June 
24th. The Orient extends sincerest congratula- 
tions to Bowdoin's popular gymnasium director 
and his bride. 

The alumni ball game was played Wednesday 
afternoon, and was witnessed by a large crowd. 
The college nine was minus several of its best 
players, but found good substitutes, and an inter- 
esting game resulted with the strong alumni nine. 
The teams at the start were made up as follows : 
Alumni, Plaisted, p.; Moulton, c; Dowues, lb.; 
Jones, 2b.; Cook, s.s.; Sykes, 3b.; Talbot, l.f.; 
Chapman, c.f.; and Anderson, r.f. Bowdoin, 
Coburn, p.; Wilson, c; Fairbanks, lb.; Dane, 2b.; 
Dana, s.s.; Rounds, 3b.; Libby, l.f.; Leighton, c.f; 
and Stubbs, r.f. Bucknam, '93, acted as umpire, 
and gave satisfaction to all. Only five innings were 



played, and the score stood 6 to 5 in favor of the 
college boys of the present day. There were many 
good plays, and the usual amount of enthusiasm 
among the spectators. 



^QfiSz 




'53. — Rev. Ephraim C. 
Cummings and wife left Port- 
land a short time ago, for an eighteen 
months' tour in Europe. 
'56. — Galen C. Moses of Bath, has been 
elected Vice-President for Maine, in the 
New England Free Trade League. 

'57. — Thomas Hubbard is one of the Advisory 
Board of the new college publication, Bachelor of 
Arts. 

'61. — A new law firm under the style of Libby, 
Robinson & Turner. The partners are Hon. Chas. 
F. Libby, '61, Judge Robinson, and Levi Turner, '86. 
'61. — Judge L. A. Emery of the Maine Supreme 
Court and Mrs. Emery, of Ellsworth, sailed the 15th 
inst. from New York on the North German Lloyd 
steamship Ems, for Genoa and other points in Eu- 
rope. Judge Emery's condition is very much im- 
proved, and with care he will be in very good health. 
'74. — Dr. F. H. Dillingham of Bangor, has re- 
ceived the appointment of adjunct professor of der- 
matology in the Polychenic Medical and Surgical 
Hospital of New York. 

'83. — John Edward Dinsmore has resigned the 
principalship of the Lincoln Academy at Newcastle, 
where he has taught successfully for several years. 

'85. — Howard L. Lunt was a member of the late 
General Assembly of the Presbyterian church at 
Pittsburgh, Penn. 

'88.— J. H. Maxwell, Esq., has settled in the 
practice of his profession at Livermore Falls, Me. 

'88.— Wm. T. Hall, Jr., is in the employ of the 
Waterville Division of the Maine Water Co., instead 
of the Electric Company as stated in the last number 
of the Orient. 

'89. — Dr. John R. Clark, who has just graduated 
from the Columbia Medical School, New York City, 
will become junior course physician at Roosevelt 
Hospital, N. Y., on January 1, 1896. Dr. Clark at- 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



115 



tains this honor by ranking among the first four in a 
competitive examination for places at the hospital. 

'90. — A. S. Ridley, Esq., has accepted a lucrative 
position in Boston. 

'92. — John C. Hull has resigned the principal- 
ship of the Fryeburg Academy, where he has taught 
since his graduation. 

'94. — Harry E. Andrews, who is taking a post- 
graduate course at Harvard, is in Europe spending 
the summer. 

'94. — Albert J. Lord, who has been studying at 
the Andover Theological Seminary, has accepted a 
call to the assistant pastorate of a Congregational 
church at Eoxbnry, Mass. 




*W? 



Joan of Arc Not in It. 
But, after all, the modern girls 

Joan of Arc outdo; 
Joan wore but the coat of male, 

But they his trousers too. 

Governor Flower of New York has signed the 
anti-hazing bill passed by the legislature. The bill 
imposes a fine of not less than $10 nor more than 
$100, or imprisonment of not less than thirty days 
nor more than a year upon all students caught 
hazing or aiding the affair in any way. 

" Oh hum! " yawned young Willieboy, 
Waking one morn, 
And his watch ticked at ten and a quarter; 
" I find if I would 
Be up with the sun, 
I mustn't sit up with the daughter." 

— Student Life. 

The athletic prizes of the late Walter Dohu 
have been presented to Princeton by Mrs. Dohu. 
They consist of twenty-five medals, most of which 
are of gold, and eight silver cups, one of which is 
especially handsome. 

Of the 1,801 students enrolled at Cornell Uni- 
versity, 1,003 came from the State of New York. 



At a meeting of the Union College alumni, held 
at Albany recently, there was considerable discus- 
sion concerning the removal of the college from 
Schenectady to Albany, where the departments in 
Law, Medicine, Pharmacy, and the Dudley Observ- 
atory are already located. It is not improbable that 
this step will be taken in the near future. 





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YALE MIXTURE is now packed in two 
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impairing the flavor or aroma. The boxes 
containing this blend have the word "MILD" 
printed across the top. The original blend 
remains unchanged. 

A two ounce trial package by mail, postpaid, for 25 cents. 

MARBURG BROS. 

The American Tobacco Co., Successor, 

BALTIMORE, MD. 



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AGENTS WANTED to take orders at home or travel; 
also Book Agents wanted for liberal terms. Address 

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BOWDOIN ORIENT. 




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BEWARE OF IMITATIONS, and observe that the firm name as 
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Only by such testing can you know 
how fully the Columbia justifies its 
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Mention Orient when Patronizing Our Advertisers. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, OCTOBER 2, 1895. 



Vol. XXV. 



No. 6. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 

PUBLISHED EVERT ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY DURING 
THE COLLEGIATE TEAR BY THE STUDENTS OF 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE. 

EDITORIAL BOARD. 

J. C. Minot, '96, Editor-in-Chief. 

C. W. Marston, '96, Assistant Editor-in-Chief. 

H. R. Blodgett, '96, Business Manager. 

G. T. Ordwat, '96. H. H. Pierce, '96. 

H. Gilpatric, '96. R. S. Hagar, '97. 

P. P. Baxter, '98. T. L. Marble, '98. 

C. C. Smith, '98. 

Per annum, in advance $2.00. 

Single Copies, 15 Cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Manager. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Manager. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Editor-in-Chief. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Bowdoin Verse Department should be 
sent to Box 1155, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should be sent to Box 1091, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post-Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 
Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston. 

CONTENTS. 

Vol. XXV., No. 6.— October 2, 1895. 

Editorial Notes 117 

The Story of John Brown, 120 

Bowdoin Verse : 

The Fatal Hour, 122 

The Freshman's Plea, 122 

When Dolly Smiles 122 

Loyal Till Death 122 

Collegii Tabula, 123 

Athletics, 126 

Y. M. C. A., 128 

Personal, 128 

In Memoriam 131 

College World, 131 




After the long vacation with its rest 
and labor, its change and travel, again the 
merry college boys have come thronging 
back to the beautiful campus of old Bowdoin 
to enter upon the work and pleasure of 
another year. The halls, the groves and delta 
are awake and teeming with life once more 
after the long summer sleep. The strains 
of " Old Phi Chi " have made the campus 
resound at noon and midnight, and have 
struck the usual needless terror to the hearts 
of a large incoming class. It is very pleasant 
to be back again among the attractive sur- 
roundings of our loved college home, to 
exchange the fraternal grip with friends, to 
participate in the varied festivities of the 
opening week, to don the foot-ball suit or to 
stand on the side lines and cheer on the con- 
testants in the exciting game, to start out on 
explorations in the new fields of study, and 
in general to get settled down to the labor 
and enjoyment of a college year. With the 
exception of the inevitable change in outgo- 
ing and incoming classes, and the sudden 
death of Treasurer Young, we find the col- 
lege and our campus surroundings little 
changed since last commencement week. A 
little difficult we find it at first to accustom 
ourselves to our new class relations. The 
members of the large Class of '95, so active 
in every branch of college work, are deeply 



118 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



missed, but we rejoice that so many of them 
have shown their loyalty to their Alma Mater 
by returning to the familiar scenes during 
these opening weeks. The Class of '99 is 
large and promising, and '97 and '98 have 
also received substantial additions, so that 
now Bowdoin has more students than at 
any previous time in its history. The only 
change on the Faculty is the absence of Mr. 
Mitchell on a j^ear's leave of absence, his 
place being filled by Mr. C. S. Rich. The 
college was never more prosperous, never 
better fitted to carry on the great work for 
which it was founded, and there is every 
prospect that the year upon which we have 
now entered will prove a very successful 
one. The Orient extends to all its cordial 
greetings, with the sincere hope that the 
year may prove a profitable and pleasant one 
to all sons of old Bowdoin, both here and 
throughout the world. 



^TTHE foot-ball season is not yet actively 
•*- under way, although the team under an 
efficient coach has been hard at work since 
the opening of the term. A good schedule 
of games has been arranged and there is 
every prospect of an exciting season for 
Bowdoin on the gridiron field. The gradu- 
ation of '95 deprived our eleven of most of 
its men, the veterans who have won our 
victories for the past few years. But to the 
old players remaining in college is added 
much good new material, and there is every 
promise of a strong team. We are especially 
fortunate this year in having as our manager 
and captain men who are popular with all 
and who are eminently fitted for their posi- 
tions. Under their able leadership, with the 
material on hand Bowdoin ought to have a 
team this fall that will be a credit to the 
college and that will add new laurels to its 
record in this branch of athletics. But the 
responsibility of the season's success is also 
with every player and every student, and all 



must unite every effort to the one desired 
end. It is rather early yet to risk a prophecy 
on what the team will do or what its strength 
will be compared with former seasons. The 
final make-up of the eleven is yet undecided, 
and all of the numerous candidates will be 
given a chance to show what there is in 
them. It is feared the team will be a little 
lighter than we would like it to be, but the 
presence of a better coach than usual and the 
strong competition of the candidates for posi- 
tions may more than offset this. Let every 
player do his level best to uphold the Bow- 
doin banner on and off the field, let the col- 
lege to a man give the team its hearty and 
united support, moral and financial, and let 
every game, whether won or lost, reflect 
credit upon our college, and the success of 
the season is assured. Here's hoping the 
fall's foot-ball may prove the best yet in the 
history of this sport at Bowdoin. A schedule 
of the games, and an account of the candi- 
dates for the eleven, is to be found in the 
athletic department of this issue. 



TIT the national council of the Phi Beta 
/ ■*• Kappa Society, recently held in Syra- 
cuse, N. Y., several petitions for new chapters 
were granted, among them being that of our 
sister Maine institution, Colby University. 
The other charters for new chapters were 
granted to University of Syracuse, Swarth- 
more, Johns Hopkins, the State University 
of Iowa, and the State University of Ne- 
braska. Applications for chapters were re- 
fused to the Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology, Bernard, Wabash, University of 
Cincinnati, and the University of Illinois. 
The petition of Colby received the hearty 
support of the Bowdoin Chapter, and Pro- 
fessor Chapman, its representative at the 
council, was mainly instrumental in securing 
the grant of the charter. The Colby Chapter 
will probably be organized at once. Colby 
is to be congratulated upon this high recog- 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



119 



nition from the oldest and most honored 
college society in the country. For seventy 
years Phi Beta Kappa has maintained a proud 
existence at Bowdoin, electing from each 
class at graduation its leading scholars. The 
honor of admission to this ancient literary 
order is one highly cherished by every ambi- 
tious student, and now that the leading 
scholars of Colby as well as those of Bow- 
doin can write its charmed initials after their 
names, the two colleges will be brought into 
a closer relation and their ties of friendship 
strengthened. 



TTS usual a copy of this number of the 
/-*• Orient is sent to each member of the 
incoming class, and unless the business man- 
ager is notified to the contrary the names of 
all will be kept upon the list and they will 
be considered regular subscribers. The least 
you can do for your college paper is to sub- 
scribe for it, and it is hoped no member of 
'90 will be unwilling to do this. But the 
Okient asks and expects more of the Fresh- 
men than this. Its columns are open to the 
college, and contributions of every nature 
suitable to its pages are solicited from the 
members of any and every class. Do not 
wait for a personal invitation from the editor, 
but send in stories, articles, poems, or matter 
for any of the departments, and do your part 
toward making the Orient a paper truly 
representative of old Bowdoin. 



O'INCE the close of last term Bowdoin has 
f^ suffered an irreparable loss in the sudden 
death of its loved and honored treasurer, 
Hon. Stephen J. Young. A graduate of the 
.college, Mr. Young devoted his whole life to 
the advancement of its interests. Combin- 
ing.a thorough knowledge of the intellectual 
needs of the institution with a rare financial 
ability, he was eminently fitted for the posi- 
tion he filled so long and so faithfully. The 
advancement and prosperity of Bowdoin are 



clue in a great measure to his untiring efforts, 
and the place left vacant by his death will 
not be easily filled. In all his relations 
Treasurer Young was a noble, upright, Chris- 
tian man, whose memory will long be cher- 
ished in the hearts of all who knew him. 
Not only Bowdoin but also Amherst and 
Williams have each lost their treasurer dur- 
ing the summer vacation. 



TI7HERE was no horn concert this year. 
■*■ While a few lamented, or pretended to 
lament, the giving up of this old custom, the 
college as a whole is very glad to see it go. 
The Sophomore Class took a decided step in 
the right direction in abolishing a custom 
which had lost all its early significance and 
was in no sense a fair class contest or test of 
strength, but which had become merely a 
free fight, disgraceful and barbarous. It is 
hoped that '98 will show as much moral 
courage in other lines as in this matter. The 
Bowdoin horn concert is a thing of the past 
and probably will never be revived. 



T JEUT. ROBERT E. PEARY, Bowdoin, 
" '77, has returned safely from the far 
North, and is well after two years' absence 
under the midnight sun. The general belief, 
which is based upon insufficient knowledge, 
is that the expedition proved a failure. At 
least it is not a failure which has left the 
bones of the hardy explorers to whiten upon 
the ice expanse, and it is fair to assume that 
considerable knowledge, geographical, ethno- 
logical, and in natural history has been ob- 
tained. Indeed, Peary did not set out to 
discover the North Pole, an undertaking 
which of itself could add nothing of value to 
the knowledge that science already possesses. 
His was not a foolhardy expedition. It was 
carefully planned and its purposes were as 
laudable if not more so than most Arctic 
expeditions have been. Peary himself has 
struggled against the obstacles of insufficient 



120 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



money, has devoted his uncommon abilities 
to the work of securing the funds and has 
made the bravest kind of a fight to overcome 
obstacles among the ice caps of Greenland, 
obstacles that could not be provided against. 
Whatever of failure may have attended the 
expedition it should not be attributed to the 
bold explorer, who is deserving of as great 
praise as has ever been accorded to those 
who had the hardihood to penetrate the land 
of eternal ice for whatever slight recompense 
the undertaking could afford. 



The Story of John Brown. 

TTMERICAN history, so full of romantic 
/ ■*■ and mysterious actors, has none around 
whom more romance and mystery cling than 
John Brown, the red-handed murderer of the 
Kansas border ; the serene, inspired martyr 
of the Virginia gibbet; the last of the Puri- 
tans; the successor to the sword of Wash- 
ington; the fanatical traitor, and the grim, 
gray herald of the awful conflict that exter- 
minated slavery. The most gifted orators of 
the age have eulogized him with their richest 
eloquence; the hearts of oppressed millions 
have enshrined him as an idol ; the greatest 
and grandest armies that ever formed for 
battle have fought, and marched, and biv- 
ouaced with his name in song on their lips. 
And then, on the other hand, mountains of 
denunciation, condemnation, and vitupera- 
tion have been heaped over his humble grave 
iu the bleak Adirondack's. Ink has turned to 
■vitriol and frenzy has supplanted reason when 
he has been the theme. 

The story of John Brown seems taken 
from the chronicles of another age. It has 
no counterpart in American history. The 
striking singularity of his life has made its 
outlines familiar, but how little we can say 
with justice of the motives and results by 
which it should properly be measured. He 
lived and died in a cloud of mystery. He 



had few friends, and was never a popular 
leader. He never held a position of power, 
yet the sound of his name froze thousands 
of hearts with terror. He was the first man 
executed in the United States for treason, 
yet his name became the watchword of mill- 
ions of devoted patriots. "Madman," he 
was called by some, and "the tool of fanat- 
ical Northern cowards," by others, but it is 
certain that he was neither. 

John Brown was made of the stuff that 
heroes and martyrs are made of. An ancestor 
of the same name was burned at the stake 
in Ashford, England, during the early perse- 
cutions under Henry VIII. He was the sixth 
in direct descent from Peter Brown, who 
signed that immortal compact in the cabin 
of the Mayflower. His grandfather died in 
the army of George Washington. And John 
Brown's simple Christian faith, his rugged, 
honest manhood, his intense love of liberty, 
his sturdy, fearless independence, his tireless 
persistence, his earnestness and sincerity, h*is 
uncompromising opposition to wrong, his 
kindness of heart, and his heroic powers of 
endurance, made him a worthy son of a 
noble line. 

His life was full of varied fortunes. Born 
in Connecticut in 1800, he soon lived in 
Ohio, then in Pennsylvania and New York, 
and in other States, and was for a time in 
Europe selling American wool. He married 
twice and reared a large family, and later 
his sons and sons-in-law fought and died at 
his side. He tried many vocations — was tan- 
ner, preacher, herdsman, farmer, and mer- 
chant, — and unlike most sons of New Eng- 
land, did not make a great success in any of 
them. But all his life from boyhood was 
filled with one overpowering purpose, to help 
the slave to freedom. He hated slavery as 
an institution accursed of God, and he had 
no sympathy with the prevailing spirit of 
compromise. He was a radical abolitionist, 
eager for instant action. For many years he 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



121 



succored fugitive slaves and brooded over 
plans to free the millions of blacks in the 
South. 

At the outbreak of the Kansas troubles 
he left his wild home in the Adirondacks and 
went to the Territory, where four of his sons 
were among the Free-State settlers. The 
border war was on, and human life was 
cheap. Soon his name was a terror to every 
pro-slavery man, for the lesson of his Potta- 
watomie murders was too terrible to be for- 
gotten. His following was small but true; 
his movements always mysterious and incon- 
ceivably rapid ; his blow always sure and 
bloody. He was not a recognized Free-State 
leader, but when he raised his arm the cause 
of freedom took courage, the Missouri ruf- 
fians halted in their outrages and depreda- 
tions, and Kansas, blood-stained and smoke- 
obscured, was won for liberty. But a price 
was on the head of old John Brown. The 
government which did not notice the murder 
of abolitionists was bound to punish the 
murder of pro-slavery men, and six hundred 
soldiers, with four cannon, were sent to take 
him, dead or alive. He passed out of Kan- 
sas, in the mysterious way so peculiar to 
him, and for a time the country heard no 
more of him, except that he had escorted a 
large party of escaped slaves from Missouri 
to Canada. 

His next appearance on the stage of action 
was his final one, and was the most dramatic 
and startling of all. Mystery and romance 
cloud the story of his famous raid on Har- 
per's Ferry, and the whole truth can never 
be known. With a score of men he hovered 
for weeks in the mountains near the village. 
His plan was to seize the United States 
arsenal, escape with the arms and ammunition 
to the mountains, enlist slaves in his band, 
strike occasional unexpected blows at slave- 
holding districts, and by freeing slaves and 
terrorizing slave-holders, render slave-holding 
insecure and unprofitable. He claimed that 



a score of men, lodged in the forests of the 
Alleghanies, could break slavery to pieces in 
two years. His enterprise failed at the out- 
set, and it is useless to speculate what the 
result might have been. 

It was on the dark, wet night of October 
16, 1859, that John Brown and his army, 
eighteen strong, left the Kennedy farm-house 
where they had been concealed for several 
weeks, and marched into the village of 
Harper's Feny. The bridge watchman was 
seized, the railroad station watchman shot, 
the armory occupied without resistance, and 
numerous leading citizens captured as hos- 
tages. And still the village slept. Brown and 
his band might easily have escaped to the 
mountains, but they delayed at the arsenal. 
He said later that he " wished to allay 
the fears of those who believed we came 
here to burn and kill." Morning came, and 
the news spread. Laborers coming to the 
arsenal found themselves prisoners. The 
village was furious but helpless. Brown 
might yet have escaped, but did not attempt 
it, and remained to be caught in the trap he 
had entered. Crowds gathered and soon fire 
was opened on both sides. By noon the 
militia arrived and surrounded his position, 
and the battle went on in earnest. The 
unerring rifles of Brown's men did fearful 
execution among the militia and citizens, 
but soon they were compelled to fall back 
with their hostages to the little brick engine 
house, which they fortified for a last stand. 
The fight was fiercer than ever when, in the 
evening, a company of marines, led by Rob- 
ert E. Lee, arrived from Washington. Two- 
thirds of Brown's men were dead ; the few 
remaining wounded and exhausted, but there 
was a contemptuous refusal to the demand 
to surrender. That was a terrible night in 
the crowded little engine house. With 
morning came a determined assault from the 
regulars. The engine-house door was bat- 
tered in, and Brown, standing over the dead 



122 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



body of his son, and wounded almost unto 
death, was overpowered by force of num- 
bers and lodged, with his six surviving fol- 
lowers, in Charlestown jail. 

Judged as the world is accustomed to 
judge, John Brown's master stroke had failed, 
but he felt before his death, and we know it 
to be true to-day, that his failure was his 
success. John Brown the guerrilla might 
have been crushed and forgotten, but John 
Brown the martyr was invincible and immor- 
tal. The nation was electrified by the story 
of his deed. Wonder gave place to the 
admiration which his heroism commanded. 
The North felt the fire of a new inspiration 
flood its veins. The South felt a dread fore- 
boding of the awful vengeance impending 
when he walked to the gallows on the morn- 
ing of December 2, 1859, stopping on the 
way to kiss a little negro babe, and met his 
death with the divine composure and gentle 
dignity that had marked his imprisonment 
and trial. The climax of the great slavery 
controversy was reached. Between the North 
and the South stood his gibbet. Henceforth 
it was slavery or union. 



Bowdoir-) ^)ep§e. 



The Fatal Hour. 

Evening's breath so warm and tender 
Now lias kissed the dying day, 

While the moon, with golden splendor, 
Casts o'er all its mystic ray. 

'Tis the hour when Freshmen, trembling: 
To their chambers' refuge hie, 

While they listen, fear dissembling, 
To the strains of "Old Phi Chi." 



The Freshman's Plea. 

I'm a lonely little Freshman, 
And I don't know what to do. 
Can't you love me just a little, 
Let me nestle down by you? 



When Dolly Smiles. 

When Dolly frowns my heart is sad ; 
The whole world's in dark sorrow clad ; 
But all is bright with mirth and glee, 
And every creature's glad and free 

When Dolly smiles. 

When Dolly smiles the world is gay, 
And life's a joyous holiday ; 
While Cupid, with his wond'rous wiles, 
To happiness my heart beguiles 

When Dolly smiles. 



Loyal Till Death. 

Air — Wake, Freshman, Wake. 

While bright skies were o'er us 

And life lay before us 
'Neath Bowdoin's pines we gathered far and near: 

So, filling our glasses 

And pledging all classes, 
We'll drink a toast to Alma Mater dear. 

Chorus. 

Clink, clink; drink, drink, drink ! 
Smash the glass in splinters when you're done ! 

Bowdoiu Beata, 

dear Alma Mater; 
There is no fairer mother 'neath the sun. 

When manhood has found us 

And children surround us, 
Our college life and friends we'll still recall 

With heart-felt emotion 

And deathless devotion ; 
We'll send our sons to Bowdoin in the fall. 

When age gray and hoary 

Has filled out our story, 
The tender rnem'ries swelling back again, 

Loyal forever, 

Until death shall sever, 
One glass to Alma Mater we shall drain. 

So, comrades together, 

In fair and foul weather, 
Your glasses fill to Bowdoin and her fame; 

For, howe'er we wander, 

Stronger and fonder 
The tenderest ties shall cling about her Dame. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



123 




The assistants in the 
Science Building this year are : 
H. P. Small iu the Physics depart- 
ment, B. L. Bryant in the Chemistry 
end, and W. S. A. Kimball up-stairs 
among the bacteria bacilli. All are 
members of last year's graduating class. 

The campus is glorious bow in its autumn foliage. 

Christie, '95, has been in town for a week or 
more. 

Machau, '93, is studying with Dr. Gerrish in 
Portland. 

Governor Cleaves was in Brunswick one day 
last week. 

Topsham Fair and initiation are great events in 
the near future. 

Hicks, '95, is coaching the Portland High School 
foot-ball team. 

Quite a party of Bowdoiu men enjoyed Melba's 
singing in Portland. 

Burbank, '96, has been appointed curator of the 
Cleaveland Cabinet. 

Professor Files's new house on Main Street is 
fast nearing completion. 

Sewall, '97, is teaching a ten-weeks' term of 
the Bristol High School. 

W. R. Smith, '90, is teaching the sciences iu the 
New Bedford High School. 

Ackley, formerly of '96, has come back to join 
'97. He has been teaching. 

C. E. Chamberlain, '68, was looking over the 
college the first of the term. 

Bass, '96, has been tutoring in Mathematics this 
fall up on the Kangeley Lakes. 

Professor Johnson, who has been in Europe this 
• summer, is now on his way home. 

Oliver Smith's translation of Andocides is in 
great demand with the Freshmen. 

The dormitories— the old ones — were placed in 
good condition during the summer. 

Hamlin, '98, has been in attendance at the Art 
Building during the summer vacation. 



"A Thoroughbred" was much enjoyed by a 
rather slim attendance of college boys. 

Hamilton, '98, presides at the chapel organ now, 
while Willard, '96, still leads the choir. 

A Freshman was heard, recently, to inquire at 
the library for the works of Silas Marner. 

The Freshmen enjoyed two recitations a day in 
Greek for a time at the opening of the term. 

Hatch, '95, passed Sunday before last on the 
campus, leaving for Harvard, Tuesday morning. 

Mitchell, '95, and Smith, '96, have been acting 
as sewer construction inspectors during the summer. 

"Rube Tanner" is another play that catered to 
our theatre-goers during the first week of the term. 

The foot-ball team have adopted a new style of 
sweater, white with black border and black letter B. 

Stetson, '95, who was on the campus the early 
part of the term, is at Boston University, studying 
law. 

President Hyde and Professor Woodruff atteuded 
a portion of the Congregational Conference at West- 
brook. 

'Ninety-six is the only one of the three upper 
classes whose numbers have received no additions 
this year. 

The Freshmen have elected Veazie as their 
foot-ball captain, and also as their representative 
on the Jury. 

The Senior German division has been forced to 
postpone its" evening sessions for a time, because 
of lack of gas. 

Professor Robinson was delayed in getting back 
to town, and in consequence his classes enjoyed an 
adjourn or two. 

Bliss, '94, was on from Andover this week to 
preside at the organ at the marriage of J. E. Dun- 
ning and Miss Forsaith. 

C. S. Rich, '92, is in charge of the classes in . 
Rhetoric during the absence of W. B. Mitchell, the 
permanent instructor. 

Veazie, '99, was the recipient of an anarchistic- 
looking package the other day, which proved to be 
a Dr. Parkhurst Electric Battery. 

During the annual rope-pull, Dutton, '99, cut a 
bad gash iu his forehead, that, but for prompt 
treatment, might have been serious. 

At a special meeting of the Foot-Ball Associa- 
tion, September 23d, Warren, '97, was elected 
treasurer in place of Hagar, '97, resigned. 



124 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Among the possibilities for the coming winter is 
a choral club under the leadership of Sanglier, who 
made a success in Bath last year. 

Third year, or Junior Physics, attracts but a 
small division this year. The first text-book is 
Thompson's "Magnetism and Electricity." 

The shut-down of the gas plant has kept the 
electric linemen hustling. A particularly hurried 
job was done on the Congregational Church. 

Many of the Freshmen went home over Sunday, 
eagerly accepting an opportunity to escape from 
the over-zealous attentions of the Sophomores. 

Kyes, '96, was the only regular Bowdoin student 
who remained to attend the summer school. He 
reports a very pleasant and profitable summer. 

Returning students made haste to avail them- 
selves of the pleasure of social calls on the fair 
maidens of Brunswick, Bath, Bowdoiuham, etc. 

A noticeably large number of students were in 
town the Saturday before term opening this year, 
evidently drawn by the early arrival of the foot-ball 
men. 

The fraternity fishing season is over, and the 
Freshmen delegations of the various fraternities are 
practically settled upon. Contentment is observed 
on all sides. 

The position of chapel organist is still open to 
competitors, but Hamilton, '98, doubtless will be 
elected to fill the situation, and he is very compe- 
tent to do so. 

Some hustling members of '99, going by the 
motto, "There is no time like the present," organ- 
ized and carried out a very successful pea-nut drunk 
on the evening of the 17th. 

I. P. Booker, formerly assistant treasurer of the 
college, is acting as treasurer pro tern, until a suc- 
cessor is elected to fill the vacancy caused by the 
demise of Stephen Young. 

Those who are interested in current French lit- 
erature will be glad to know that Rev. E. C. Guild 
has presented to the library about thirty recent 
volumes of the "Revue des Deux Mondes." 

The remaining books of the Winthrop gift were 
received at the library during the past summer. 
While not, on the whole, so valuable a lot as the 
other, it is much larger, numbering 700 volumes. 

The Brunswick gas plant has shut down, caus- 
ing some temporary embarrassment at the college 
as well as elsewhere, chiefly in the Science Building 



laboratories. But electricity will probably soon 
have taken its place almost entirely. 

The Dr. Whitman Collection of Minerals, re- 
ceived during the summer by the college, is now 
being unpacked. The cabiuet will probably be 
placed in the Cleaveland Museum by the end of the 
term. 

Professor Robinson is making arrangements to 
put a set of new folding stools into the laboratories 
in his department. The stools swing on brackets 
inside the closet of the desk and are held in position 
by a hinged leg. 

As Professor Johnson has not returned from 
Europe, there have been no French recitations thus 
far this term. On account of his absence the Fresh- 
men are getting double rations in Greek, much to 
the apparent distaste of many of them. 

Hall, '99, was the successful competitor this year 
in the examination for a position as assistant in the 
library; so Professor Little's staff is now composed 
of the following students: Thompson, '96; Hewitt 
and Vining, '97; Loring and C. C. Smith, '98; and 
Hall, '99. 

This year a course in Physics has been offered 
the Seniors, giving a four-years' course in this 
branch, where previously two years was all. They 
will study Maxwell's " Theory of Heat," doing 
laboratory work at the same time on other subjects. 
Four men have elected the course. 

As usual the amount of studying done the first 
week was rather small, but the time was well occu- 
pied with the long-established programme of rushes, 
base-ball and foot-ball games, etc. The only devi- 
ation from the " customs " of the college was the 
abolition of "horn concert" by '98. 

Graduate foot-ball players have been back in 
gratifying numbers this term, and have materially 
helped in coaching the eleven. Knowlton, Fair- 
banks, Hicks, and Mitchell have been on the delta 
several times. This is what foot-ball at Bowdoin 
wants— the coaching of graduate players. 

The annual reception of the Bowdoin Y. M. C. A. 
on Thursday evening, September 19th, was well 
attended and was a very pleasant occasion. Re- 
marks were made by President Hyde aud Professors 
Chapman, Robinson, and Rich. Refreshments were 
served, and a most enjoyable social evening passed 
by all. 

The classes in Biology, Geology, and Compar- 
ative Anatomy are making collecting trips in their 
various lines around Brunswick and Topsham. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



125 



Almost everything from a grasshopper to a dog is 
legitimate prey, and in consequence the bag of a 
collector is a sort of traveling museum. The 
Geology division takes a trip some time this week 
to Orr's Island. 

The College Jury will be made up as follows 
this year: G. T. Ordway, '96; T. L. Pierce, '98; 
W. T. Veazie, '99; R. W. Leighton, A A ♦; J. H. 
Libby, *Y; J. C. Minot, A K E; J. N. Haskell, z *; 
E. L. Bodge, A X; J. E. Frost, AT; '97 and the 
non-fraternity men have elected no representatives 
yet. Ordway is foreman and Minot secretary for 
the ensuing year. 

The following resolutions of the Jury were read 
in chapel by President Hyde early last week : 
Article I.— We, the Jury of Bowdoin College, have 
resolved that all hazing, viz., interfering with the 
liberties of Freshmen, shall be punished by sus- 
pension of not less than two, nor more than four, 
months. Article II. — For aggravated offenses the 
penalty shall be expulsion. 

After the long-drawn yell of " Foot-Ba-a-a-all " 
had been given by the upper-classmen three morn- 
ings after chapel on the opening week, the usual 
Sophomore foot-ball rush took place Friday morn- 
ing. The ball was thrown among them by Sturgis, 
'99. The rush was the shortest for years, but was 
not wholly without its exciting features. Within 
ten minutes the ball was secured by Blake, '98, in 
his room in South Maine, and the rush was over. 

The first foot-ball game of the season was played 
in Portland last Saturday by the Portland High 
School team and the Bowdoin, '98, class eleven. 
The game was well played and resulted in a victory 
of 20-0 for '98. The following is the personnel of 
the Bowdoin eleven: Hills, center; Baxter and 
Pettingill, guards; Gould and Wilson, tackles; 
Daua and E. E. Spear, ends; Mclntyre, quarter- 
back; Stanwood and Smith, halfbacks; Ives, full- 
back. 

The following is a fairly accurate list of alumni 
who have been back this fall for one reason and 
another: '91, Bangs, Burr, Chapman, and Smith; 
'92, Mann, Hodgkins, and Swett; '93, Barker and 
Machan; '94, Andrews, Allen, Bagley, Bliss, Dana, 
Pickard, Plaisted, W. W. Thomas, Thompson, and 
Wilbur; '95, Bryant, Christie, Crawford, Dennison, 
Fairbanks, Foster, Hatch, Hicks, Holmes, Ingra- 
ham, W. S. A. Kimball, Knowlton, Mitchell, More- 
len, Russ, H. P. Small, Stetson, and Webber. This 
is an unusually large number and shows an in- 



creased after-interest in their Alma Mater. Many 
have been here to aid in coaching the foot-ball team. 

The first themes for the term are due Monday, 
October 7th, the subjects being, for the Juniors: 
I. The Motive of Hawthorne's " Marble Faun." 
II. The Aim of a College Education. 
III. The Young Man in Politics. 
For the Sophomores: 
I. Kingsley's "Alton Locke." 
II. Some Advantages of the Country College. 
III. Bowdoin's Foot-Ball Prospects. 

The library has been enriched this year by some 
peculiarly well-chosen books, some of which are the 
following: Personal Recollections of Sixteen Pres- 
idents, by Richard W. Thompson, edition de luxe, 
2 volumes; Edgar Allan Poe's works, collected by 
E. C. Stedman and George E. Woodberry ; Life of 
Daniel Defoe, by Thomas Wright; a new transla- 
tion of Don Quixote, by H. E. Watts, a very beau- 
tiful edition of four volumes; another volume con- 
tains a life of Cervantes, by the same author; 
George William Curtis, in the American Men of 
Letters series; Fast aud Thanksgiving Days of 
New England, by W. DeLoss Love, Jr.; Life of 
Samuel Taylor Coleridge, edited by E. H. Coleridge. 

Following is a list of the Freshman Class and of 

the additions to the other classes. It is as accurate 

a list as can be made out to date. Those who are 

pledged to the various fraternities are indicated on 

the list. 

Class of 1899. 

Fred H. Albee, K 2, Sheepscot. 

Francis W. Briggs, A K B, Pittsfield. 

Walter L. Came, ir Y, Alfred. 

Edward B. Chamberlain, A K E, Bristol. 

Preston B. Churchill, K S, Winthrop, Mass. 

Walter B. Clarke, z *, Damariscotta Mills. 

Lincoln L. Cleaves, 8 A X, Bridgton. 

Royal S. Cleaves, 9 A X, Bridgton. 

Archer P. Cram, A A <J>, Mt. Vernon. 

Harold F. Dana, * r, Portland. 

Frank L. Dutton, A Y, North Anson. 

Arthur P. Fairfield, A K E, Saco. 

Frederic A. Fogg, A Y, Saco. 

Edward R. Godfrey, A K B, Bangor. 

Edwin S. Hadlock, Portland. 

Drew B. Hall, Brunswick. 

Truman L. Hamlin, Brunswick. 

Philip C. Haskell, 9 A X, Westbrook. 

Alton A. Hayden, Presque Isle. 

Louis L. Hills, A K E, Scarboro. 

Loton D. Jennings, A Y, North Wayne. 



126 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 




Walter S. M. Kelly, * T, 
Henry W. Lancey, 
Frank L. Lavertu, A T, 
Leon B. Leavitt, A A $, 
Arthur S. Libby, 
Lncien P. Libby, e A x, 
Willard T. Libby, A A *, 
Fred R. Marsh, A K E, 
Henry E. Marston, A T, 
Roy L. Marston, A K E, 
Charles H. Merrill, A Y, 
Waldo T. Merrill, 6 A X, 
Willis B. Moulton, "f T, 
Arthur H. Nason, A K E, 
Harry B. Neagles, Z *, 
Edwin M. Nelson, -f T, 
Fred 0. Orcutt, 
S. C. Pattee, 
Charles C. Phillips, 
William V. Phillips, 
Bert S. Philoon, A A <i>, 
George I. Piper, K s, 
Sumner C. Poore, 
Robert E. Randall, Z t, 
John C. Rogers, Jr., 
Albert M. Rollins, 
George M. Rounds, * T, 
Joseph D. Sinkinson, ■$■ T, 
Ralph G. Smith, A A *, 
Winford H. Smith, e A X, 
William D. Stoekbridge, 8 A X, 
Cony Sturgis, A K E, 
Edward F. Swett, 
Roy H. Thomas, K s, 
William L. Thompson, * T, 
Samuel Topliff, A a *, 
Everett W. Varuey, 
William T. Veazie, A K E, 
Hanson H. Webster, A A <f>, 
Wallace H. White, Jr., A A <I>, 
Jacob E. Wignott, K 2, 
Edmund P. Williams, 
Carl V. Woodbury, e A X, 



Bath. 

Pittsfield. 

Berlin, N. H. 

Wilton. 

Corinna Center. 

Stroudwater. 

Auburn. 

Eustis, Fla. 

North Anson. 

Skowhegan. 

Kennebunkport. 

Newport. 

Portland. 

Augusta. 

Lubec. 

Calais. 

Ashland. 

Belfast. 

South Brewer. 

South Brewer. 

Auburn. 

Parsonsfleld. 

South Bridgton. 

Freeport. 

Pembroke. 

Wesley. 

Calais. 

Portland. 

Brewer. 

Westbrook. 

Freeport. 

Augusta. 

Auburn. 

Yarmouthville. 

Portland. 

Evanston, 111. 

Fort Fairfield. 

Bangor. 

Portland. 

Lewiston. 

Natick, Mass. 

Topsham. 

Woodfords. 



Additions to Class of 1897. 

Frank K. Ellsworth (Bangor Theo. Sem.), 

Brockton, Mass. 

Harry E. Dunnach (Bangor Theo. Sem.), 

Boston, Mass. 

Hugh McCallum (Bangor Theo. Sem.), 

Pawtucket, R. I. 

Samuel Ackley, East Machias. 



Additions to Class of 
B. S. Browne. 



Guy Howard, A T (Tufts), 




Farmiugton. 


Ernest Laycock, 




Brunswick. 


Stephen Young, * T (Yale), 




Brunswick. 


Clarence W. Proctor, 


North Windham 


Special Students. 




George Blair, 




Boothbay 


Gilman H. Clough, 




Dexter 


Richard Shields, 




Auburn 


Ernest Wentworth, 




Auburn 



i?t¥ e ti®«- 



SOPHOMORE-FRESHMAN SPORTS. 

With the opening week of the Fall Terra came 
the usual series of contests between the two lower 
classes. 'Ninety-eight put on the war-paint of 
Sophomoric glory and started in confidently against 
the poorly-organized forces of the new Freshmen, 
'99. But the usual order of things was destined to 
be overthrown, and the Freshmen came out of the 
week victorious in foot-ball rush, rope-pull, and 
base-ball game. The classes are about the same 
size, but fate and the upper-classmen were arrayed 
against the Sophomores. The ghost of the late 
lamented "Phi Chi" breathed a little inspiration into 
the Sophomores, and by day and by night during 
the week they endeavored to educate the Freshmen 
according to the accepted traditions in these lines. 
In their attempts they were more or less successful, 
but when the class contests came, '99 showed no 
lack of understanding, but, on the contrary, that 
it was fully able to look out for itself. 

The Sophomore-Freshman foot-ball rush was 
held on the delta at 3 p.m. Friday. Both classes 
were out in force. The Freshmen hugged the 
ground closely under the big pine in center field, 
while from the branches overhead waved an artistic 
banner, prepared for them by the Juniors. The 
Sophomores, most fantastically arrayed and gro- 
tesquely painted, marched upon the field of battle 
led by McKown. A struggle ensued, during which 
the Freshmen were assisted to arise and their 
banner finally torn down, and then the classes 
lined up for the contest over the ball. Willard, '96, 
was referee; Warren, '97, was judge for '98 ; and 
Bodge, '97, judge for '99. The rush was one of the 
longest and most exciting for years. The Fresh- 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



127 



men won two goals, and then '98, after a hard 
struggle, placed two to its credit. Thus far tho 
upper-classmen had beeu on the field and had had 
a lively hand and foot in the affair, but now they 
were cleared from the field and tho two classes left 
to win or lose the rush on their merits. It was a 
hard fight, but finally the '99 boys forced the ball 
over the foul-line fence, which was the '98 goal. A 
hot contest ensued over the possession of the ball. 
At last Dutton, '99, secured it and escaped with it, 
in spite of close pursuit, to his room on Cleaveland 
Street, where he divided the trophy among his 
friends. 

On Saturday morning, after Chapel, came the 
rope-pull. There was the usual fun watching the 
Freshmen try to pull up trees and hydrants, and 
the upper-classmen all wanted to b'e in it. But at 
length, when the two classes had had a chance to 
pull against each other fairly, the Freshmen proved 
themselves the stronger and were declared the 
winners in two straight pulls. 

The ball game was held Saturday forenoon, 
that it might not interfere with foot-ball practice in 
the afternoon. It proved another Waterloo for '98. 
The Freshmen won. II to 1, the only Sophomore 
score being obtained on a wild throw by the '99 
third baseman, who otherwise played a very pretty 
game. The pitching of Libby for '99 was the 
feature. He struck out eighteen men, while only 
one hit was made off him, and that a scratch one. 
Philoon supported him well. It looks as though 
'99 brought some good base-ball material. Several 
exciting rushes enlivened things during the game. 
Hull's umpiring gave perfect satisfaction. Following 
is the detailed score of the game : 
FRESHMEN. 

A.B. E. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Clark, l.f„ 4 1 1 2 

Orcutt, 2b 4 1 1 1 

Libby, p., 4 2 2 2 2 1 

Philoon, c, 2 3 17 2 

Came, lb., 4 1 4 

Haskell, 3b. 4 1 2 3 2 2 3 

Randall, c.l., 4 1 

Cleaves, s.s., 4 1 1 1 2 

Dana, r.f., 3 

Totals, 33 11 7 9 27 5 3 

SOPHOMORES. 

A.E. R. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Moulton, l.f., 4 2 1 

Wilson, c. 4 7 4 2 

Stanwood, p., .... 4 1 1 2 

Perkins, 3b., 4 1 1 l 

Sargent, s.s., 4 1 1 

Kendall, c.l, 4 1 1 1 

Mclntyre, r.f., .... 3 

Hunt, 2b., 1 5 3 1 

Gould, lb 3 9 1 1 

Totals, 31 1 1 1 27 12 ~6 



123456789 
Bowdoin, '99, ..30011060 0—11 
Bowdoin, '98, ..10000000 0—1 

Two-base hits — Haskell, Clark. Passed ball — Wilson. 
Bases on balls — by Libby 2, by Stanwood 9. Struck out — 
by Libby 18, by Stauwood 6. Time— 2 hours. Umpire — 
Hull, '97. 

FOOT-BALL. 

The foot-ball season opened a week earlier than 
usual this fall. Manager Ordway and Captain Bates, 
together with fifteen men, were back to prepare to 
battle agaiust the other New England colleges and 
the honor of "Old Bowdoin." We were especially 
fortunate in securing Mr. William C. Mackie, who 
played guard for four years on the Harvard team, 
as coach. Mr. Mackie has shown his ability as a 
coach, and has infused a new life into the men 
which has never characterized their work hereto- 
fore. It was very pleasant to the undergraduates 
to find, when they returned Monday afternoon, 
thirty men on the field falling on the ball, passing 
and kicking it about. On Wednesday they lined 
up for the first time, but no regular eleven was 
picked out until the ability of every man out could 
be judged. 

The following men are out every day: Stone, 
Shute, Bates, French, Eastman '96, Baker, Merrill 
'98, Newbegin, Coburn, Murphy, Spear, Pettingill, 
Wiggin, Frost, Libby, Stearns, Wilson, Stetson, 
Moulton, Stanwood, White '97, Home, McMillan, 
Clark, Warren '96, Bailey, and Veazie. 

The first game of the season will be at Portland, 
October 5th, with Dartmouth as an opponent. The 
probable line up of the men will be : Bates, 1. g. ; 
Spear '98, r. t. ; Stone, c. ; French, r. g. ; Murphy, 
1. 1. ; Libby, r. e. ; Veazie, 1. e. ; Stetson, q. b. ; White 
'97, r. h. b. ; McMillan, 1. h. b. ; Warren, f. b., with 
Eastman, Merrill, Newbegin, Coburn, Baker, Pet- 
tingill, Stanwood, Moulton, Stearns, and Home, as 
substitutes. 

The management is to be congratulated on hav- 
ing secured such a hustling treasurer in Warren, '97. 
His enthusiastic work has won encomiums from all. 
The way that the undergraduates have subscribed 
to the foot-ball fund surely shows that the college 
is behind the team, and every candidate now has 
every reason for showing what foot-ball stuff there 
is in him. 

The schedule is not completed, owing to games 
cancelled by M. S. C. and B. A. A. As incomplete, 
it is submitted : 

Oct. 5 — Dartmouth in Portland. 
" 9 — Andover at Andover. 
" 12 — Exeter at Brunswick. 
" 16 — Dartmouth at Hanover. 



128 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Oct. 23— Exeter at Exeter. 
" 26— Tufts at Medford. 
" 30— Amherst at Amherst. 
Nov. 2 — Boston Combination at Brunswick. 
" 13-M. S. C. at Bangor. 
" 20— Brown at Providence. 
Games are under consideration with Harvard 
'99, on October 19th, in Brunswick, Harvard Var- 
sity at Cambridge, Boston University, Colby, Tufts, 
and M. S. O, all at Brunswick, with the possibility 
of a Thanksgiving game with some strong college 
team, in Portland. 



The tenth annual World's Students' Conference 
held at Northfleld, Mass., last June, proved to be 
not only the largest but also the most successful one 
ever assembled. Over five hundred delegates, rep- 
resenting one hundred and eighteen different insti- 
tutions, were present, to say nothing of the multi- 
tude of interested spectators from Northfleld and 
vicinity. The daily programme consisted of a gen- 
eral platform meeting, a missionary institute, train- 
ing and devotional Bible classes, and a conference 
on college work in the morning; in the afternoon, 
recreation ; while the evening was given up to an 
out-of-door meeting on "Round Top," another plat- 
form service, and delegation meetings. 

The Fourth of July was observed in a most 
fitting way by the enthusiastic students. In the 
evening the vast auditorium presented a sight never 
to be forgotten in student life. The immense hall 
was decorated with college banners of every color 
and description arranged in order about the room, 
while underneath their respective colors sat the 
various delegations, vieing with each other to see 
which could silence the rest in cheering. After the 
oration by President Stryker of Hamilton College, 
the usual college yells and songs concluded the 
evening's fun. 

The conference was fortunate in having so many 
able men to conduct its meetings. Among the 
speakers were such men as President Pattou, Bishop 
Hall of Vermont, Doctors Cuyler, Chapman, and 
Piersou. Mr. Moody was warmly greeted every 
time he stepped on the platform. 

A feature of the conference was the frequent 
pleasant gatherings of the members of the various 



fraternities represented. A K e with twenty-one 
men had the largest delegation. 

We are glad to say that Bowdoin sent her 
quota of delegates, being represented by Lamb and 
Haines, '97, and Bisbee, '98. 




There has been the usual 
large number of deaths 
among Bowdoin's graduates this sum- 
' mer, but those who have died have 
been more closely identified with the inter- 
ests of the college than for many years 
past. The college mourns the loss of Stephen J. 
Young and Llewellyn Deane, who for many years 
have been actively identified with the advancement 
of their Alma Mater. 

'43.— Dr. Augustus Hannibal Burbank died at 
his home in Yarmouth, Thursday, June 27, 1895. 
Dr. Burbank, both as physician and citizen, has 
long been a prominent citizen of Cumberland County. 
He may be said to have inherited both his love for 
his profession and his sturdy citizenship. His father 
was Dr. Eleazer Burbank and his mother Sophronia 
(Ricker) Burbank, he being their only son. He was 
born January 4, 1823, in Poland, Me. After a boy- 
hood spent in Poland be was prepared for college at 
North Yarmouth Academy, and graduated from 
Bowdoin in the year 1843 and received his medical 
degree at Harvard College in 1847. As soon as he 
received his degree Dr. Burbank commenced the 
practice of his profession at Yarmouth, where he 
has since remained continuously in tbe duties of his 
profession. He was a member of the First Congre- 
gational Church of Yarmouth, of which his father 
was for many years deacon. 

He was twice married : first to Elizabeth R., 
daughter of Dr. Elias and Lucretia P. Banks, of 
Portland, November 25, 1850. Of this union was 
born one daughter, Annie. His wife died January 
4, 1868. For his second wife he married Alice N., 
daughter of Greenfield and Nancy Thompson, of 
Yarmouth. The children of this marriage were 
Elizabeth R. (deceased), Hugh, Eleazer, and Mar- 
jorie. Dr. Burbank has always been regarded as an 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



129 



authority in medical matters, and was held in high 
esteem throughout his county. 

'45. — Rev. George W. Durell, pastor of St. Thomas 
Episcopal Church, Somerville, Mass., died Monday, 
August 12th. He was born May 1, 1820, at Kenne- 
bunkport, Me., graduated from Bowdoin College in 
the year 1845, and served four years as principal of 
Limerick Academy. Following this he was grad- 
uated from the Theological Seminary of Virginia 
and was ordained at Brunswick, Me., by Bishop 
Burgess. At Calais he founded the most easterly 
parish of the United States and built a church of 
unusual beauty. Here he remained eleven years, 
serving all the while on the school board of the city. 
He was chosen rector of Grace Church, Bath, Me. 
In the fall of 1866 he went to Somerville, having 
been called to Emanuel parish, and on July 1, 1869, 
became rector of St. Thomas parish. He was chap- 
lain of John Abbott Lodge, Royal Arch Chapter, 
and council of Royal and Select Masters, and prelate 
of Knights Templar. 

'49.— Llewellyn Deane was born in Ellsworth, 
Me., April 23, 1829, and graduated from Bowdoin 
College in 1849. For many years he was closely 
identified with Maine politics and was a warm sup- 
porter of Blaine. He served in the Legislature of 
Maine for many years. Just before the war Mr. 
Deane went to Washington as principal examiner 
in the Patent Office, which place he held several 
years, and finally relinquished it to take up the 
practice of law and the soliciting of patents. He 
had been recognized for many years as one of the 
leading patent attorneys in Washington. In late 
years his son, W. W. Deane, has been associated 
with him. Mr. Deaue was an earnest church worker 
and one of the pioneers of the First Congregational 
Church of Washington. He organized the Bowdoin 
College Alumni Association of his chosen city, and 
was always a prominent figure at the annual gath- 
erings of the members of that organization, being a 
brilliant talker and a most pleasing entertainer. 
He was a man of distinguished bearing and polished 
manners, possessing also a great deal of personal 
magnetism. He possessed sterling qualities, and 
one of his most marked characteristics was his 
unselfishness of nature, that led him to be always 
doing something for others. Mr. Deane's first wife 
died at Kensington, Md., and he afterwards married 
Miss Sarah M. Benedict, a member of one of the 
oldest and most prominent families of New Haven, 
Conn. He was buried at the Congressional cem- 
etery. 

'53.— Judge Henry Clay Goodenow died June 28, 



1895, at Bangor. He was born in Alfred, June 23, 
1834, being the second son and third child of Judge 
Daniel Goodenow and Sarah Ann (Holmes) Goode- 
now. He prepared for college in Alfred and North 
Yarmouth Academies, and entered Bowdoin College 
in August, 1849, being graduated in 1853 in the class 
with Chief Justice Fuller of the United States 
Supreme Court. After graduation he taught the 
High School at Davis Mills, Newfield. Ou January 
7, 1854, he began the study of law in Alfred. He 
was admitted to the York County Bar in September, 
1856, and began practice in the following November 
in Biddeford. He removed to Lewistou in 1858 and 
became a law partner of Hon. Charles W. Goddard. 
When Mr. Goddard was appointed Consul-General 
to Constantinople in 1861 the partnership was dis- 
solved. He served on Common Council and Board 
of Aldermen. He moved to Bangor in 1866 and 
served on school committee, also as City Solicitor. 
He was Judge of the Municipal Court for a number 
of years. In 1860 he married Mary Elizabeth, 
daughter of Walter and Sarah (Quinby) Brown, of 
Bangor, who survives him, together with three sons, 
Dr. Daniel Goodenow of Bangor, Walter B., and 
Frank, who is a student at Dartmouth College, and 
two daughters, Anuie and Grace, both of whom live 
in Bangor. 

'59. — Stephen Jewett Young, who died on Tues- 
day, July 16th, was perhaps the greatest loss the 
college has met with for many years. He was about 
55 years of age. He was born in Pittston, Me., his 
father being one of the leading business men of that 
section, who by signal ability built up a large fort- 
une. He graduated from Bowdoin in the Class of 
1859, and although the class contained many brilliant 
scholars, Professor Young led them all and was the 
class salutatorian. Upon graduation he made an 
extended study of modern languages in Germany, 
taking a degree at Berlin University. He was one 
of the most accomplished linguists and philologists 
in New England. His knowledge of both French 
and German was most complete, but he was master 
of the grammar of twenty-eight different languages 
and was a proficient Hebrew scholar. He succeeded 
Prof. Joshua L. Chamberlain as Professor of Modern 
Languages in 1862, a position he faithfully filled 
until 1876. He was also in charge of the library for 
a part of that time. In 1870 he was elected treas- 
urer of the college, a position for which he possessed 
a peculiar ability. He had served the college in 
this capacity nineteen years at the time of his death, 
and to him is due much of the financial success of 
this institution. He had made a study of the liti- 



130 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



gation connected with the legacies left Bowdoin 
and had displayed rare executive skill in his man- 
agement of Bowdoin's interests in these matters. 
He was a prominent Republican, and in the Legis- 
latures of J878, 1879 and 1880 he made his rare 
genius felt for the good of the town. He was 
a brilliant speaker, and represented Cumberland 
County in the Senate. He was socially most genial 
and affable, as those who knew him most intimately 
can testify. He was a staunch friend of the Unita- 
rian church and a leader in all public enterprises. 
In 1864 he married Mary Emerson of Bangor and 
has five children, all of whom are at home. The 
funeral services were conducted by Rev. E. C. Guild 
and Prof. H. L. Chapman. 

70. — Dr. Lucien Howe has an interesting article 
on "Art and Eyesight" in the August number of 
the Popular Science Monthly. 

'87. — Edward C. Pluminer, who has been for two 
years city editor of the Bath Times, will retire from 
the paper, and his place will be taken by Harry 
Owen, ex-'96, who for a year or more has been in 
charge of the counting-room. 

'89. — William M. Emery, for nearly five years 
connected with the New Bedford (Mass.) Evening 
Journal, in various capacities, has become night 
editor and one of the editorial writers of the Neiv 
Bedford Morning Mercury, which is not only the 
oldest paper in that flourishing city of 55,000 inhab- 
itants, having been established in 1807, but also the 
only morning daily in Massachusetts south of Boston. 
Mr. Emery's new appointment comes in the way of 
a promotion. 

'89. — Frederick W. Freeman, for several years 
Principal of the Brewer High School, has accepted 
the appointment of Principal of the Westbrook High 
School. His position in Brewer is filled by R. R. 
Goodell, '93. 

'90.— Warren R. Smith, for the past year at Bow- 
doin, has been elected teacher of the sciences in the 
New Bedford (Mass.) High School, at a salary of 
$1,500 per year. 

'90.— Born, July 16th, to Professor and Mrs. 
W. B. Mitchell, a daughter. .This young lady is 
said to be the class baby of '90. 

'92. — Harry F. Linscott, who graduated last year 
from Chicago University, has entered upon the 
duties of Professor in Greek and Sanskrit in Brown 
University, Providence, R. I. 

'94. — Howard A. Ross, for the past year gymna- 
sium instructor in Manchester, N. H., is serving in 
a similar capacity at Phillips Academy, Exeter, N. H. 



The Class of '95 is scattered far and wide in 
many vocations, as the following list will show : 

Axtell, teaching in Massachusetts. 

Badger, Principal of High School, Warren. 

Blair, Principal of High School, Bluehill. 

Boyd, Assistant in High School, Bangor. 

Bryant, Assistant in Chemistry, Bowdoin. 

Christie will study medicine. 

Churchill, with the Youth's Companion. 

Crawford, working in Brunswick. 

Dennison, at home. 

Dewey, Principal Cherryfield High School. 

Doherty, studying law, Houlton. 

Dudley, studying law, Boston University. 

Fairbanks, insurance, Bangor. 

Fessenden, at home. 

Foster, at home. 

French, post-graduate work, Clark University , Worces- 
ter, Mass. 

Haskell, F. H., teaching, Falmouth, Me. 

Haskell, W. F., at home. 

Hatch, post-graduate work, Harvard. 

Hicks, coaching, Portland High School. 

Holmes, studying law, Lewiston. 

Ingraham, studying law, Portland. 

Kimball, G. L., coaching foot-ball, Bridgton Academy. 

Kimball, W. S. A., Assistant Biology, Bowdoin. 

Knowlton, at home. 

Leighton, sick, Maine General Hospital. 

Lord, teaching, Biddeford. 

Lovejoy, at home. 

Mayo, studying law, Smethport, Pa. 

Mead, at home. 

Mitchell, working, Brunswick. 

Moore, Sub-Principal, Wilton Academy. 

Morelen, teaching. 

Parker, Andover Theological Seminary. 

Pope, at home. 

Quimby, A., Sub-Master, Laconia, N. H., High School. 

Quimby, J. L., Congregationalist minister, Gardiner. 

Ridley, Principal High School, Gorham. 

Roberts, teaching, Hartford, Coun. 

Russ, studying law, Brunswick. 

Savage, at home. 

Shaw, journalism, New York City. 

Simpson, teaching. 

Small, F. O., Principal Bethel Academy. 

Small, H. P., Assistant Physics, Bowdoin. 

Smith, Harvard Law School. 

Soule. 

Stetson, at home. 

Stubbs, studying law, Strong. 

Thayer, post-graduate work, Harvard. 

Webber, teaching, Jonesport, Me. 

Wiley, Principal Norway High School. 

Woodbury, Principal Fryeburg Academy. 



It has been arranged to admit high school 
graduates at the University of Chicago without 
examinations. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



131 



IN MEMORIAM. 

Hall of the Kappa, * T, ? 
September 25, 1895. <> 
Whereas, It has pleased Almighty God to remove 
from our midst our beloved brother, Stephen Jewett 
Young, of the Class of 1851), be it 

Resolved, That while we bow to the will of the 
Divine Being, we deeply mourn the loss of one 
whose interest in the fraternity has always been 
deep and sincere, and whose services to the college 
have been long and devoted ; and be it 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be 
seDt to the family of the deceased and to the Bow- 
doin Oeient. 

Jeeee Hackee Libby, 
Henry Stanley Warren, 
William Witherle Lawrence, 

Committee for the Chapter. 



Hall of the Kappa, * T, ) 
September 25, 1895. $ 
Whereas, We have learned with deep sorrow of 
the death of our beloved brother, Henry Clay Good- 
enow, Class of 1853, be it 

Resolved, That the Fraternity suffers an irrepar- 
able loss in one always so loyal and devoted to its 
interests, and who has always manifested so much 
cordial sympathy to college and Fraternity, and 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be 
sent to the bereaved family and to the Bowdoin 
Orient. 

Jerre Hacker Libby, 
Henry Stanley Warren, 
William Witherle Lawrence, 

Committee for the Chapter. 



Hall of the Kappa, * r, ) 
September 25, 1895. \ 

Whereas, Siuce the close of the last college 
term, has passed away Llewellyn Deane, Esq., Class 
of 1849, a loyal and beloved brother in Psi Upsilon, 

Resolved, That in him the Kappa loses a member 
who for nearly half a century has maintained an 
interest and attachment to the Fraternity undimin- 
ished by years or distance, and second to that of no 
active brother ; and 

Resolved, That in deploring the death of our 
venerable brother, we, the active members of the 
Kappa Chapter, will endeavor to attain to his 
measure of usefulness and devotion to college and 
Fraternity; and 



Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be 
sent to the family of our late brother, to the Psi 
Upsilon Club of Washington, and to the Bowdoin 
Orient. 

Jeeke Hacker Libby, 
Henry Stanley Waeeen, 
William Witherle Lawrence, 

Committee for the Chapter. 



Hall of Delta Upsilon, > 
September 27, 1895. $ 

Whereas, Our all-wise and merciful Father has, 
in his divine wisdom, seen fit to remove from us our 
brother, James L. Phillips, Class of '60, a man be- 
loved and respected by all, whose life was conse- 
crated to the service of his Master, 

Resolved, That while bowing to the decree of 
Divine Providence, we mourn the loss of a loyal 
and devoted member of our fraternity; and be it 

Resolved^ That the Chapter's sympathy be ex- 
tended to the family bereaved, and that a copy 
of these resolutions be inserted in the Bowdoin 
Orient. 

Robeet 0. Small, 
George S. Bean, 
Clarence F. Kendall, 

Committee for Chapter. 




In a recent issue of Harper's Weekly, Mr. 
Julian Ralph had an interesting article on co-edu- 
cation, written by him after a study of the system 
prevailing at the University of Michigan. 

The United States Government lost its suit to 
recover $15,000,000 from the Stanford estate, much 
to the joy of the friends of Stanford University. 

It is stated in the newspapers that Yale is nego- 
tiating with Harvard for a game to be played on 
November 9th or 16th. 

The Dartmouth-Exeter foot-ball game, sched- 



132 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



uled for Saturday, was not played, the reason given 
being tbat the Exeter Faculty will not allow the 
school's team to play at Hanover. 

It is said that the Williams line will be composed 
almost entirely of new men, while the backs are 
veterans. 

There are 35 candidates for the Princeton team 
in training. 

Lehigh promises to put on the field an excep- 
tionally strong team this year. 

Cornell has several big foot-ball games to play, 
including matches with Harvard, Princeton, and 
the University of Pennsylvania. 

The Freshmen and Sophomores of Dartmouth 
have had two rushes, both of which were won by 
the Freshmen. 

At Dartmouth and Bates, as well as at Bowdoin, 
the Freshmen beat the Sophomores at base-ball. 

Maine State College has an entering "class of 1 16. 

At Colby the entering class has 28 young men 
and 20 young ladies. Dr. Butler will become Pres- 
ident of Colby in January. 



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BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, OCTOBER 16, 1895. 



Vol. XXV. 



No. 7. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 

PUBLISHED EVERT ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY DURING 
THE COLLEGIATE YEAR BY THE STUDENTS OF 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE. 

EDITORIAL BOARD. 

J. C. Minot, '96, Editor-in-Chief. 

C. W. Marston, '96, Assistant Editor-in-Chief. 

H. R. Blodgett, '96, Business Manager. 

6. T. Ordway, '96. H. H. Pierce, *96. 

H. Gilpatric, '96. E. S. Hagar, '97. 

P. P. Baxter, '98. T. L. Marble, '98- 

C. C. Smith, '98. ■ 



Per annum, in advance, 
Single Copies, 



. $2.00. 

15 Cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Manager. 

Remittances should he made to the Business Manager. Com. 



Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 



Personal items should he sent to Box 1091, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post-Offlee at Brunswick as Second-Class Mad Matter. 

Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston. 

CONTENTS. 

Vol. XXV., No. 7.— October 16, 1895. 

Editorial Notes, 133 

A Summer Experience, 136 

Reine, 137 

A Summer Picture, 138 

Bowdoin Verse : 

The Chapel Ivy, 138 

The Watchers on the Shore 139 

The Bowdoin White, 139 

A Dream 139 

Collegii Tabula, 140 

Athletics, 142 

Y. M. C. A., 144 

Book Reviews, 144 

Personal, 145 

College World, 147 







■4*&4 > '< 

The Garcelon bequest case, which 
has been going from one court to another for 
several years, is now being tried before the 
United States Court at San Francisco. It is 
probable that this trial will settle the matter 
finally, and as the sum of 1400,000 is at stake 
to be won or lost by Bowdoin, every friend 
of our college is anxiously awaiting the result. 
May the fates be propitious and Bowdoin 
get the money which is justly due her, so 
that she may no longer " suffer from poverty 
due to her riches." It will be remembered 
that the case against the college was for a 
time conducted by a Californian lawyer who 
had graduated from Bowdoin, but who did 
not possess the virtue of loyalty, and who had 
so completely forgotten the great debt of 
gratitude, not to mention financial help re- 
ceived while in college, owed to his Alma 
Mater, that he was now using all his energies 
to injure her interests. It is true that he has 
since withdrawn from the case, but we can- 
not suppress a certain feeling of malicious 
delight when we hear that he is now out of 
favor with the whole Californian bar, and is 
looked down upon with the contempt which 
the manifestation of such a spirit deserves. 
Bowdoin is justly proud of the loyalty of her 
sons, and among the thousands scattered all 
over the world who worship her as Alma 
Mater, the disloyalty of this graduate stands 



134 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



out as the one exception which proves the 
rule. May the rule stand proven forever 
without the aid of another exception. 



JT7HE Bowdoin Club of Boston, embracing 
■*• the younger element of the Boston 
Alumni Association, meeting each month, 
has not only for its object the cherishing of 
memories of the past, but is also intent on 
matters of the present and future as relating 
to its Alma Mater. This club is manifest- 
ing an interest in Bowdoin athletics which 
can only prove of great advantage to the 
college. Last week a member of the club 
was here, a prominent alumnus, Class of '61, 
and as the representative of the club, con- 
ferred with those at the heads of the various 
branches of athletics. He assured them that 
the club, having closely at heart the interests 
of the college in all lines of its work, was 
keenly interested in Bowdoin athletics, and 
was willing and anxious to render the stu- 
dents material aid in the support of their 
teams. He said that lack of proper coaching 
had often been a source of weakness to us in 
the past, and that here seemed to be a field 
where the club could aid the college. Noth- 
ing definite was settled, but it was given to 
be understood that the club wants to come 
into closer relations with the athletic inter- 
ests of the college, and is willing to stand 
behind those interests shoulder to shoulder 
with the student body. This is as it should 
be, and the Orient sincerely hopes this may 
be the opening of a more prosperous era for 
Bowdoin athletics. Bowdoin has long felt 
the need of active alumni participation in its 
athletic affairs. Many other colleges have 
been benefited greatly by this, and there is 
no reason why Bowdoin should not profit by 
their example, considering the host of loyal 
alumni and the proximity of hundreds of 
them to the college. It is not asked that the 
alumni entirely or in great part support col- 
lege athletics. Such a course would be 



extremely disastrous to their success ; it 
would defeat the very end it tried to attain. 
But if a lively interest is shown, and some 
financial and a great amount of moral sup- 
port given by the alumni, then will Bowdoin 
teams in all branches of sports be better able 
to win a long list of victories, surpassing the 
proud list of those they have won in the past. 
In this way our athletic field can be a proud 
reality before another summer, and our base- 
ball record can be made as creditable as our 
record in foot-ball, field and track sports, 
tennis and rowing. More alumni interest 
will mean more undergraduate interest, and 
the movement once started will gain strength 
from year to year, until Bowdoin clubs all 
over the land, growing from the alumni asso- 
ciations, shall have the advancement and 
prosperity of their loved college, in athletics 
and all other lines, as closely at heart as 
when their members played on the teams 
and cheered from the sidelines. We hope 
the Boston club will follow up the stand it 
has taken, and that the student body may do 
its part to bring about the hoped-for closer 
relations. The Orient is anxious to dp all 
it can in this work, and has room in its col- 
umns for any communications from alumni 
or students on the matter. 



"TTRATERNITY life is a great feature of 
*■ the American college, its importance 
often being little recognized or else much 
misunderstood by the general public. Frater- 
nity associations are remembered as long as 
are college and class ties, and are often held 
more sacred. The influence of a fraternity 
upon its members during their college course 
is great and nearly always for good, and 
never ceases with graduation. In this col- 
lege, with its seven Greek-letter representa- 
tives, the fraternities are strong and play an 
exceptionally active and important part in 
the course of four-fifths of our students. 
It is at this season that the new members 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



135 



are taken in from the Freshman Class, and 
as usual the "fishing" season has been short 
and the mysterious ordeal of initiation has 
followed close upon it. All the societies 
are satisfied, all the candidates have survived 
initiation, and are settling down to the life 
of active members. The Orient congratu- 
lates the societies upon their choice of dele- 
gations and the delegations upon their choice 
of societies, and hopes that in no case will 
there ever be regret or dissatisfaction. By 
the initiates a very important step has been 
taken, and to the fraternities the occasion 
is one of vital importance. The fraternity 
system has its dangers to a college as well 
as its advantages, and the new members 
in all the chapters here must see that they 
make their fraternity a blessing and help to 
their college and not a bar to its progress 
and prosperity. 



TT7HE second eleven and the class elevens 
A are important organizations in the foot- 
ball season. Not only do they supply the 
practice which furnishes the 'Varsity its 
main source of strength and make possible 
the class game or series of games which is a 
feature each fall, but also by playing with 
fitting school teams much benefit in many 
lines results to both fitting school and college. 
Boom the second eleven and the class teams. 
Let every player come out and do all he can 
that they may be truly representative and 
bring all the credit possible to class and 
college. But we should be more careful 
what kind of teams we send to play with 
fitting schools and outside teams. It is 
dangerous business to send out a picked 
team of students, who may be good fellows 
but not good players, who want to make a 
trip to some neighboring city or fitting school 
"just for fun," but who, as foot-ball players, 
are neither representatives of the college or 
a class or anything else. They are extremely 
likely to meet with a defeat which will bring I 



discredit upon their college and humiliation 
upon themselves. They may have the " fun " 
of the trip, but there are other things to be 
thought of. At the school or city visited it 
is very unlikely that press or public will 
make allowance for the fact that the team 
has not played any together, and is not 
truly representative of the college or any 
class in it. No good and much injury to 
the college is likely to result from the 
exploits of such teams. Let us then be 
more careful than in the past, and place the 
good name and athletic interests of our col- 
lege above our selfish pleasure when games 
with fitting schools are being arranged. 



TT is a fact we can scarcely be proud of 
*■ that members of the Faculty have had to 
speak to the various classes condemning the 
practice of reading in church, which prevails 
to so large an extent among the students. 
Novels, magazines, text-books, and Sunday 
newspapers are usually nearly as numerous 
as the students in the galleries at the church, 
and all are industriously perused through 
music, prayer, and sermon. This is an insult 
to the pastor and congregation, and a dis- 
grace to the students. It would never be 
done in the home church, or in the body of 
the church here, and it is no excuse for the 
practice that we are all seated together in 
the galleries. To be sure it is done through 
thoughtlessness rather than through real lack 
of reverence for the time and place, but if a 
student must read or study on Sunday morn- 
ing he had far better "cut" church and 
remain in the seclusion of his own room. 



TT7HE foot-ball season, which is now well 
*■ under way, has had a most auspicious 
opening, and the prospect was never better 
for a very successful season. In spite of the 
large amount of new material, or perhaps as 
a result of it, the eleven made a showing in 
the Dartmouth game that was a revelation 



]36 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



of its possibilities. The second game, which 
was with Andover, was a decided victory, 
but the score was not the source of so much 
satisfaction as our tie game with Dartmouth. 
The systematic training of Mr. Mackie, the 
best coach a Maine team ever had, and the 
constant practice against a strong second 
eleven has made our eleven this year, in the 
opinion of most, the strongest that has rep- 
resented Bowdoin on the gridiron field. It 
is the lightest, to be sure, but it knows the 
game well and goes into each play with the 
snap and determination that count more than 
beef. If the team works as faithfully all the 
season as it did at the start, it is certain that 
in the remaining half-score games to be 
played a record will be made which will en- 
sure the recognition of Bowdoin as a promi- 
nent factor in the foot-ball world; not only 
the easy victor over the other Maine college 
teams, and a few outside, but a worthy and 
dangerous opponent of any foot-ball team in 
the field. Bowdoin to the front in foot-ball, 
now the greatest of American college sports, 
means the advancement of the college in 
other and greater lines, and a foot-ball vic- 
tory over the strong team of another college 
is more than a mere occasion for undergrad- 
uate cheering. So let the team do its best, 
working faithfully, and not allowing itself 
to be handicapped by over-confidence, while 
the student body gives it enthusiastic and 
united support, and Bowdoin's foot-ball 
record for 1895 will be by far the best yet. 



A Summer Experience. 

IT was early in the summer of 1892, Com- 
mencement was over, and the Class of '92, 
M. H. S., having become somewhat accus- 
tomed to being alumni, had settled down to 
the various pursuits which were to engage 
them for the summer. 

Four members of the class, including 
myself, induced by the pleasant weather and 



by the desire of outdoor life which is inher- 
ent in the breast of the average boy, decided 
to spend the next two weeks in camping out. 

After some delay, we at last reached the 
pleasant place we had selected, which was a 

pond about four miles from M . We 

had picked out a spot for our camp on the 
other side of the pond some time before, so 
now we had only to carry our things across. 
As we had only one small punt this was a 
rather dangerous undertaking, but was 
accomplished in safety. We soon got the 
camp in a satisfactory condition and things 
went along smoothly for several days. 

About the third night, however, some- 
thing exciting enough happened. Between 
two and three o'clock, one of the boys being 
unable to sleep on account of the mosquitoes, 
had gone down to the shore of the pond. 
The pond was narrow at this point and 
directly opposite from our camp was the 

road from M . While standing there he 

had seen a group of men bearing a small 
box between them come down to the shore 
on the other side. Their appearance at such 
a place and time excited his suspicions and 
he quickly aroused the rest of us, who, get- 
ting up, quietly stole down to. the shore of 
the pond to watch the proceedings. They 
conversed in low tones a few moments and 
then one started towards the upper end of 
the pond, and soon he came back in a small 
boat. It was evident that the}' intended to 
cross directly towards our camp, which would 
be the first object to strike them on climbing 
the steep bank. 

As we did not relish an interview with 
these strange visitors, we decided to take 
down the tent and conceal ourselves in the 
thick undergrowth. This was soon done, 
and covering the tent with brush, we crept 
into the bushes and awaited developments. 

Soon we heard a boat grate upon the 
beach, and immediately after four men 
climbed up the bank, bearing a small box. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



137 



They stopped a short distance from us and 
one, returning to the boat, brought a spade 
with which they soon dug a hole, in which 
they placed the mysterious box. 

We gathered from their conversation that 

they had robbed a bank at M , that the 

stolen money was in this box and that they 
were going to hide in Boston until the affair 
quieted clown. We watched until they had 
been gone about two hours, and then leaving 
two of our number to watch, we started for 

M , which we found in a state of great 

excitement. 

The bank had been robbed of $25,000, 
and our story gave the first information on 
the subject. We soon conducted a party to 
the spot and there were informed by our 
friends that everything was exactly as we 
had left it. The box was dug up and 
removed to the bank, where it was opened 
in the presence of the bank officials. When 
opened it was found to be full of small 
stones — not a cent of money was found in it. 

The mystery remained unsolved for sev- 
eral months. At the end of that time one 
of the thieves was arrested in New York 
and confessed the whole affair. It appeared 
that three of the men became suspicious of 
the one whom we had seen to go after the 
boat, thinking he intended to get out of the 
scrape by giving evidence against the rest. 
So, while he was gone for the boat, they, 
intending to make sure of the money at 
least, hid it in a hollow tree by the shore 
and filled the box with stones, intending to 
come back for the money when the affair 
had blown over. He directed the officers 
where to look for the money, and there it 
was found untouched. So the affair closed, 
which, although it created a great deal of 
excitement at the time, is now only a memory. 



A rule is announced at Harvard which limits the 
trips of the musical organizations to places to and 
from which the students can travel in one day. 



Reine. 

T^EINE was a little French girl with bright, 
*■ \ dark eyes, who sold flowers on a busy 
street in a great American city. Her mother 
was dead, and she lived with a drunken 
wretch who claimed to be her father, and 
who supported himself upon the child's 
scanty earnings. 

A wealthy merchant who passed her daily 
on his way to his business and was attracted 
by the bright little face, rarely failed to stop 
and speak a kind word to her, and passing 
on, soon forgot the little flower girl. She, 
however, put a far greater value upon this 
friendship, and the few words daily exchanged 
with "Mon Ami," as she called him, were all 
the sunshine of her life. 

One day Reine sat at her accustomed 
place watching eagerly for her friend, who 
soon appeared, accompanied by a little girl 
of her own age. This, as Reine correctly 
surmised, was his daughter. " Mon Ami " 
stopped and spoke to her kindly, and after 
buying some of her flowers, passed on. Reine 
felt the contrast between herself and the 
daughter of the wealthy merchant, and won- 
dered why the good things of life were so 
very unevenly distributed. 

Finally, becoming weary, she crept under 
some back stairs in a secluded alley and fell 
asleep. She dreamed that she was the daugh- 
ter of her beloved "Mon Ami"; that she 
lived in a beautiful house and had everything 
she could desire. 

Suddenly, she awoke with a start. It was 
dark, her flowers had wilted, and she had 
almost no money to take home. To return 
to her father in that condition was out of the 
question. What could she do ? The words 
" Mon Ami " flashed across her mind. Yes, 
she would go to him. She knew where he 
lived, and hurried on, regardless of her weary 
feet, until she reached the stately mansion of 
the merchant. It was ablaze with lights, and 
the sweet strains of an orchestra resounded 



138 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



through the low, open windows, while within 
a company of young people of about Reine's 
age were preparing to dance. It was the 
birthday celebration of the child of fortune, 
and she stood at one side of the room talking 
with her guests, all unconscious that a pair 
of dark eyes looked wistfully at her from a 
dark corner of the piazza. 

Directly above the little hostess, upon a 
costly bracket, stood a heavy bronze statue 
two or three feet high, and Reine noticed 
that it had in some way become moved from 
its firm position and that a slight jar would 
knock it down. 

While she thought of the terrible results 
its fall might cause, a tall figure entered the 
room, in whom she recognized her only friend. 
Her mind reverted to the purpose with which 
she had come, and she sprang through the 
open window, crying, " Oh ! Mon Ami, take 
me and let me live with you ; let me be your 
child too." 

A frown darkened the merchant's face. 
Befriending a poor little French girl on the 
street was a far different affair from having 
her in his costly house in the midst of the 
sons and daughters of his aristocratic neigh- 
bors, and he exclaimed in a harsh voice : 
"What do you want here, child? Go away 
immediately." As he spoke these words he 
stamped his foot on the floor. Instinctively 
Reine cast her ej'es up at the statue. It was 
just upon the point of falling, and directly in 
its path stood the dainty little figure of the 
merchant's daughter. 

With a cry, Reine threw herself against 
the child and pushed her out of danger, only 
to put herself in the very path of the heavy 
mass. One of the sharp corners of the statue 
struck her fairly upon her white temple, and 
she fell to the floor, the sorrows of her little 
life ended forever. 

The little body, placed in a costly casket, 
was lowered into the family lot of the mer- 



chant prince. As the last shovelful of earth 
was cast upon the grave, he seemed to feel a 
pair of dark eyes read in the depths of his 
soul, "You are a murderer." 



A Summer Picture. 

TITHE last faint rays of the summer sun just 
-*- touched the tops of the distant eastern 
hills. In the west a gild-edged, wavering 
line showed the horizon, distinct and clear. 
The fading glory of the clouds and the length- 
ening, dusky shadows, proclaimed the death 
of another perfect day. 

A dreamy silence pervades the air, broken 
only by the far-off chimes of the old cathe- 
dral bell, tolling the angelus, and once in a 
while by the drowsy chirp of a cricket, and 
the melancholy singing of the frogs, in their 
evening choral. 

Afar in the east, slowly climbing the sky, 
rises the silver moon, a thread-like crescent. 
The daylight has gone, and evening is at 
hand. The flowers close their petals and 
droop their sleepy heads, and a faint, cool 
zeph}T lightly stirs the leaves of the forest 
trees. 

Day is done. The fairy moon mounts 
higher and slowly higher, in "the spacious 
firmament on high," and one by one blossom 
the infinite stars, the forget-me-nots of the 
angels. 



Bowdoir? ^)ep§e. 



The Chapel Ivy. 

In the soft June days the green ivy grew, 
And ever crept upward by day and by Dight, 
And over the walls of the old chapel threw 
Its mantle of verdure to left and to right. 
In masses of greeu were the trees standing nigh, 
And a carpet of green had the campus below; 
So the green all around and the blue of the sky 
Were all that the eye of the passer could know. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



139 



The bountiful spring-time had flooded the air 
With fullnes of freshness and musical sound ; 
" never a spot was more pleasant and fair," 
Said the heart of the youth who lingered around. 

The autumn days came when the summer had 

died, 
And the ivy no longer climbed green on the wall; 
Bat royally purple it clung to the side, 
And robed the old chapel so grim and so tall. 
And fair was the sight at the close of the day, 
When the mellowest light shed its peace from 

the sky 
On the ivy of purple and chapel of gray, 
And the bright gleaming gold of the tall maples 

nigh. 

The gray stranger paused in the fast fading light, 
Where once he had lingered a youth long before, 
" How royal my queen-mother is to my sight, 
With the purple and gold to be hers evermore." 


But through days and months and years 
They waited and watched in vain. 

ye watchers along life's shore, 
Ye who wait and weep by its sea, 

May ye know God's love more and more, 
While ye pray for what never can be. 


The Bowdoin White. 

Lo! the Bowdoin white above us ! 

See the spotless banner fly ; 
No more thrilling sight can move us, 

None more welcome greet the eye. 
All its grandeur and its glory 

Floods the heart with living fire ; 
All the world can read its story, 

Never banner floated higher. 

While blue skies are o'er us bending, 

Let the Bowdoin white on high 
Wave in folds of beauty, blending 


The Watchers on the Shore. 

The sun shone fair on the sea; 

And the surf on the sandy shore 
Was laughing and dancing in glee, 

To a measure the same o'er and o'er. 

And beyond, on the breast of the bay, 

The blue waters slept so fair 
That it seemed in some hidden way 

The heavens had settled there. 

And a youth who stood on the strand 
Pelt a thrill in his heart at the sight ; 

He dreamed that he could command 
The sea with his skill and his might. 

And he said to his friends beside : 
" I will battle to-day with the sea," 

And rushed out into the tide, 

While the white surf laughed in glee. 

For the waves, so peaceful and blue, 
And the surf, so soft and white, 

Had a different task to do 

When the swimmer opposed their might. 


With the blueness of the sky. 
Let it wave, and wave forever, 

Kissed by heaven's fairest light; 
Stains shall come upon it never; 

Never fade its luster bright. 


A Dream. 

With blithesome laugh, so light and gay, 

The dewy lawn she treads ; 
With 'witching glance, her lonely way 

Thro' flow'ry paths she threads. 
The maid bright flowers plucks in glee, 

As to my side she trips, 
But brighter far appears to me 

The tint of ruby lips. 

With many a sly, coquettish pout, 

She lifts her face to mine; 
I see there lurks both fear and doubt 

Within those eyes divine. 
How fraught with love's transcendent bliss 

Those fleeting moments seem ! 
Her ruby lips I strive to kiss, 

And wake — 'tis but a dream. 


Yet the sea was as blue as before, 
And the surf as white on the sand ; 

But the swimmer came back no more 

To'the watchers who stood on the strand. 

Their eyes were dripping with tears, 

And their hearts were crushed with pain, 


Amherst, Dartmouth, Williams, Brown, and An- 
dover have adopted the Yale-Princeton rules' 

A traveling scholarship of $2000 has been founded 
at Columbia with the condition attached that the 
holder must spend two years abroad, most of which 
must be passed in Italy and Greece. 



140 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 





Professor Lee and twenty- 
five Seniors of the Geology class 
passed Thursday, October 3d, at Orr's 
Island, examining the rocks and soil 
of this interesting spot, excavating 
ancient Indian shell-heaps, and inci- 
dentally enjoying a very pleasant day on the beau- 
tiful and picturesque island. The party started in 
carriages and a large barge, directly after chapel, 
and reached home at the edge of evening. The 
ride was nearly thirty miles. It was a profitable as 
well as a pleasant trip. Certain of the members of 
the party discovered in the course of their explora- 
tions that the pearls of the island were not all con- 
fined to the period of which Mrs. Stowe wrote so 
charmingly. 

The leaf-harvest will soon be under way. 

'97 has had its class picture taken for the Bugle. 

Professor Houghton made a trip to New York 
last week. 

Ralph M. Greenlaw, of the Boston Law School, 
has joined '99. 

Drummond, '98, of Colby, joined with A K E in 
their initiation. 

Professor Files' new house is apparently fast 
nearing completion. 

Walter C. Merrill, Dartmouth, '94, was an attend- 
ant at the * Y initiation. 

W. B. Perry, of Brown, was with Zeta Psi during 
the initiation ceremonies. 

J. L. Jenkins, D.D., Yale, '51, was the guest of 
Psi Dpsilon the night of initiation. 

There has been quite a good deal of discord of 
late between students and "yaggers." 

Austin, Joslin, Pierce, and Wilson, all of Colby, 
'98, were with the Zeta Psi the evening of initiation. 

The Sophomore Greek division had several 
adjourns recently, on account of the absence of 
Professor Woodruff. 

The heavy rain storm that finally arrived last 
Saturday was badly needed in this section, and 
indeed all over Maine. 



Lewis B. Hayden, son of Rev. C. A. Hayden of 
Augusta, who was a special student here last year, 
has entered the medical department of Tufts. 

The observant traveler sees about the Bruns- 
wick railroad station grewsome evidences that the 
Medical School has opened. — Lewiston Journal. 

The traveler must indeed be a very observaut 
one. He evidently misinterpreted the signs, as the 
Medical School does not open for several months 
yet. 

Following are the subjects of the second themes 
of the term, due October 21st : 

For the Juniors : 
I. Books that Have Helped Me. 
II. " Consistency is the Hobgoblin of Little Minds." 
III. The Work of M. Pasteur. 

For the Sophomores : 
I. The Humor of Puck and Judge. 
II. Fakirs at the Fair. 
III. Oratory of the Present Day. 

The college library has received several hundred 
volumes from the medical library of the late Dr. 
Salter, a gift from Miss Edith Agnes Salter of 
Boston. 

Quite a number of students were present at the 
lecture on Scotland, by the Rev. J. D. Graham, a 
week or more ago. Professor Lee manipulated the 
stereopticon. 

The Sophomores who elected French, are read- 
ing Corneille's "Le Cid." The Juniors in German 
are reading "Minna Von Barnhelm," and the Sen- 
iors are taking up Heine's Prose. 

Professor Woodruff was in Boston last week in 
attendance on a meeting of representatives of New 
England colleges. The requirements for admission 
was the subject under consideration. 

The number of books taken from the library 
during September was 338. This makes an average 
of about 25 books a day after college opened. 52 
books, however, were taken out on the last day of 
the month. 

Professor George T. Ladd, of Yale, who was 
professor of mental and moral philosophy in Bow- 
doin in 1879-81, is supplying for a year the place of 
Professor George H. Palmer, of Harvard, who is 
absent for a year. 

Minot, '96, Hebb, '96, ^Russell, '97, and Kendall, 
'98, are field officers of the Maine Interscholastic 
Foot-ball League, and are called to various Maine 
cities to act as umpires or referees nearly every 
Wednesday and Saturday afternoon. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



141 



A large number of books, which are duplicates 
of some already in the library, have been removed 
to the Cleaveland room in Massachusetts Hall. It 
is hoped that Professor Chapman and the classes in 
English Literature will find them of value. 

Professor in Rhetoric (after asking what Cadence 
is)—" How then, Mr. V , should a long, sus- 
pended passage be properly concluded?" Sopho- 
more (uncertainly)—" By a period, I should think." 
General applause indicates that this opinion has 
wide support. 

The trees are beginning to look bare of leaves. 
This is a sure sign that before very long the 
weather will be such that we shall be very glad, 
after chilly promenades to the post-office, to draw 
our chairs up before the crackling fire-place or the 
more prosaic radiator. 

Last Saturday a picked team from '99 went to 
Saco, where the Thornton Academy eleven defeated 
it by the score of 20 to 0. Several of the best 
players among the Freshmen were unable to go 
and the eleven had had little or no practice 
together. The academy boys outplayed them at 
every point. 

The first fall meeting of the Bowdoin Club of 
Boston was held Saturday evening, October 5th, at 
the Copley Square Hotel. The number of graduates 
of the old Maine college, in Boston and its vicinity, 
is larger than ever before, and a large number of 
them were present. George R. Swasey, 75, presi- 
dent of the club, called the meeting to order. At 
the conclusion of the dinner, matters of interest to 
the club and college were discussed at length, and 
several important measures were adopted. 

President Hyde preached the sermon in the 
Congregational Church last Sunday. His text was 
the 58th verse of the 15th chapter of I. Corinthians: 
" Therefore, my beloved brethren, be ye steadfast, 
unmoveable, always abounding in the work of the 
Lord, forasmuch as ye know that your labor is not 
in vain in the Lord." There were more than a 
hundred students in attendance. This is an 
unusual number, but all apparently felt well paid 
for any efforts they may have made to be there. 

The Bowdoin and Colby Chapters of Delta Upsi- 
lon held a joint initiation and banquet at Hotel 
North, in Augusta, Thursday evening, October 9tb. 
About 55 were present, and the affair was most 
enjoyable and successful in every respect. At the 
banquet Hamilton, Colby, '96, was toast-master, and 
Mclntire, Bowdoin, '98, was choragus. The after- 



dinner speakers included the following from the 
Bowdoin Chapter : Clough, '96, Delta Upsilon in 
Bowdoin; Bradbury, '96, Eve's Pair Daughters; 
Condon, '97, Great Men in Delta Upsilon ; Scott, '98, 
What we Owe to '99; Harriman, '97, Strikes. 

A large photographic copy of an engraving of 
Professor Cleaveland has been presented to the col- 
lege by Miss Ellen Chandler of Boston, a grand- 
daughter of the late Professor Cleaveland, and has 
been hung in the biological lecture room. It is an 
excellent likeness, representing in early life the 
great scientist who was for half a century a Bow- 
doin professor. Other pictures recently hung in 
this lecture room are those of Dr. Chas. A. White 
of the Washington National Museum, Prof. Alpheus 
S. Packard, Bowdoin, '61, now of Brown University, 
and Edwin S. Morse, the eminent naturalist, of 
Salem, Hon., '71. 

Topsham Pair last week drew the usual large 
number of students, and was the occasion of ad- 
journs Thursday afternoon. Triangle, for some 
reason not anuounced, failed to trot, much to the 
disappointment of the expectant Freshmen. A 
lively "scrap" was the feature of Thursday after- 
noon, when a muckerish crowd of "yaggers" tried 
unsuccessfully to rush some students who were 
singing. The police, as usual, directed their stu- 
pendous energies against the college boys, and by 
the united efforts of three of them one Freshman 
was finally put under arrest. Excitement ran high 
for a time, but the prisoner was soon released and 
the cruel war was over. 

Dr. Whittier is now engaged each evening in 
the physical examination of the Freshmen. E. B. 
Godfrey, who was examined last week, passed a 
remarkable examination, breaking all previous Bow- 
doin or Maine records. His brother, the late Henry 
Prentiss Godfrey, '91, with a total strength of 1056 
and a condition of 469.8, had established a college 
record that had been unbroken. Godfrey, '99, 
showed a total strength of .1121.8, and a con- 
dition of 526.1. His strength of lungs was 28, 
of back 240, and of legs 340. He dipped 32 times 
and pulled himself up 15 times. He is 17 years old, 
weighs 187 lbs., and is 6 ft. 4 in. in height. He was 
wholly unprepared for the examination, as he has 
been doing no gymnasium or regular work of late. 
With systematic training this powerful young ath- 
lete will make a record, before his course ends, 
which will win much honor for himself and his 
college. 



142 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



The Congregational Church was filled to its 
utmost capacity Wednesday evening, October 2d, 
on the occasion of the marriage of James E. Dun- 
ning of Bangor and Miss Ada A. Forsaith of Bruns- 
wick. Mr. Dunning, who is now on the staff 
of the Bangor Commercial, was a special student in 
Bowdoin a few years ago, and was then on the 
Okient staff. He is a brilliant and popular young 
man with a host of friends here, and the bride is 
one of Brunswick's most charming young ladies. 
The ceremony was performed by Rev. E. B. Mason, 
D.D., and the march was played by A. V. Bliss, '94, 
who came from Andover, Mass., for the purpose. 
The best man was P. S. Dane, '96, and the ushers 
were C. C. Bucknam, '93, J. B. Libby, '96, Sterling 
Fessenden, '96, and R. H. Palmer of Bangor. The 
bridesmaids were the Misses Ethel Webb, Ada 
Whitehouse, Frances Mitchell, and Belle Smith, 
and the maid of honor was Miss Isabel Forsaith. 
It was a very pretty wedding, the elaborate floral 
decorations adding greatly to the beauty of the 
church. The ceremony was followed by a reception 
at the residence of the bride. Mr. and Mrs. Dun- 
ning will reside in Bangor. 

The initiation ceremonies of the Greek-letter 
fraternities were held last Thursday night. The 
following is the personnel of the different delega- 
tions : 

Psi Upsilon. — Stephen Young, Brunswick, '98; 
W. L. Came, Alfred; H. F. Dana, Portland; W. S. 
M. Kelly, Bath; W. B. Moulton, Portland; E. M. 
Nelson, Calais; G. M. Rounds, Calais; J. D. Sink- 
inson, Portland; W. L. Thompson, Portland, all 
of '99. 

Alpha Delta Phi.— '99: A. P. Cram, Mt. Vernon; 
W. T. Libby, Auburn; B. S. Philoon, Auburn; R. G. 
Smith, Brewer ; Samuel Topliff, Evanston, 111. ; H. 
H. Webster, Portland; W. H. White, Lewistou. 

Delta Kappa Epsilon.— '99 : F. W. Briggs, Pitts- 
field; E. B. Chamberlain, Bristol; A.P.Fairfield, 
Saco ; E. R. Godfrey, Bangor ; L. L. Hills, Welsh, 
La. ; F. R. Marsh, Eustis, Fla. ; R. L. Marston, 
Skowhegau; A. H. Nasou, Augusta; Cony Sturgis, 
Augusta; W. T. Veazie, Bangor. 

Theta Delta Chi.— '99 : L. L. Cleaves, Bridgton ; 
R. M. Greenlaw; P. C. Haskell, Westbrook; L. P. 
Libby, Stroudwater; W. T. Merrill, Newport; W. 
H. Smith, Westbrook; W. D. Stockbridge, Freeport; 
C. V. Woodbury, Woodfords. 

ZetaPsi.— '99: W. B.Clarke, Damariscotta Mills; 
H. W. Lancey, Pittsfield; H. B. Neagles, Lubec ; 
F. 0. Orcutt, Ashland ; R. E. Randall, Freeport. 

Delta Upsilon.— '98 : E. K. Welch, Temple. '99 : 
F. L. Dutton, No. Anson; F. A. Fogg, Saco: L. D. 
Jennings, No. Wayne ; F. L. Lavertu, Berlin, N. H.; 
H. E. Marston, No. Anson; C. H. Merrill, Kenne- 
bunkport ; E. W. Varney, Fort Fairfield. 



Kappa Sigma.— '99 : F. H. Albee, Sheepscot ; 
P. B. Churchill, Winthrop, Mass. ; G. I. Piper, Par- 
sonsfield; R. H. Thomas, Yarmouthville; J. E. 
Wignott, Natick, Mass. 

On the whole, the number of returning gradu- 
ates at the initiations of the various societies, was 
rather small; but of course they made up in spirit 
for their lack of numbers. The following is a com- 
plete list: W. D. Northeud, '43; Edwin Stan wood, 
'61 ; Dr. F. H. Gerrish, '66; John Scott, '80; A. W. 
Merrill, '87 ; A. C. Shorey, '88 ; S. L. Fogg, '89 ; C. 
L. Hutchinson, '90 ; E. C. Drew, '91 ; H. T. Field, 
'92; J. F. Hodgdon, '92; R. W. Mann, '92; Geo. S. 
Machan, '93; G. W. Mc Arthur, '93; H.E.Andrews, 
'94; C. E. Merritt, '94; R. H. Baxter, '94 ; F. W. 
Pickard, '94 ; C. S. Christie, '95; Alfred Mitchell, '95; 
G.E.Simpson, '95; H. B.Russ, '95; J. E. Hicks, '95; 
E. R. Woodbury, '95; W. M. Williams, ex-'96; H. 
W. Owen, ex-'96. 



fi\fye{i®$,. 



FOOT-BALL. 

Bowdoin, 10; Dartmouth, 10. 

Bowdoin's first game of the season was played 
with Dartmouth in Portland, Saturday, October 
5th. The result, a tie, with the score 10 to 10, was 
regarded as virtually a Bowdoin victory, and was 
the cause of great Bowdoin rejoicing. No person 
had thought we could beat or tie Dartmouth this 
year, few thought we could even score, and all had 
looked for a larger score against us. Our team, as 
played that day, had seven new men, and with its 
average weight of 159 pounds was the lightest that 
ever represented Bowdoin on the gridiron field. 
But in quick play and as an exhibition of the true 
snap and spirit that is bound to win, the work of 
the team was a revelation. Dartmouth was dazed 
and Bowdoin amazed. The game was the best 
ever seen in Maine, and was witnessed by nearly a 
thousand enthusiastic spectators. About one hun- 
dred students accompanied the team and cheered 
it on to victory. It was Dartmouth's fourth game 
of the season, Harvard having beaten them the 
week before by the close score of 4 to 0. Dart- 
mouth could do nothing around the Bowdoin ends, 
and made its gains by pounding slowly ahead 
through the line, where its beef told. Neither side 
scored till well toward the end of the first half, 
when, after a display of splendid center playing, 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



143 



Ryan was pushed across the hue for a touchdown. 
Eckstrom kicked a goal and the half closed with 
the score 6 to in favor of Dartmouth. Bowdoin 
stock had risen greatly through the magnificent 
showing of our team, and new confidence and deter- 
mination marked the work of our men in the second 
half. After some sharp playing, McMillan with 
splendid blocking circled Dartmouth's left end for 
50 yards and planted the pigskin behind the goal 
posts. Stanwood kicked the goal and the score 
was tied. 

Bowdoin was now playing a brilliant game. Its 
backs were outplaying Dartmouth at every point,, 
and the linemen were holding well and often break- 
ing through their heavier opponents. In less than 
two minutes after this touchdown, McMillan made 
another phenomenal dash around the end and 
scored four points more. It was a hard try for 
goal and Stanwood missed it. 

Bowdoin was now in the lead and the crowd 
went wild, cheering itself hoarse and filling the air 
with hats and canes. Dartmouth made a desperate 
brace in the few remaining minutes and forced 
Bowdoin slowly back, making short gains through 
the line. Just as time was called Eckstrom made a 
touchdown. It was an easy try for goal, but he 
missed it, and the game remained a tie, 10 to 10. 

The game was a very clean oue, and was free 
from injuries. Both teams remained as they first 
lined up, except that Perkins replaced McCornack 
at quarter for Dartmouth. Perhaps the happiest 
man after the game was W. C. Mackie, to whose 
splendid coaching the remarkable work of the Bow- 
doin eleven was in great measure due. The line to 
a man put up a fine game against hard odds, and 
the four backs, all new men to the 'Varsity, were 
steady, quick, and sure in both offensive and defen- 
sive work. Stanwood kicked fiuely, and McMillan's 
dodging and sprinting was a feature. Moulton at 
quarter used good judgment, passed accurately, and 
was in every play. The line of the teams was as 
follows : 

Dartmouth. 

Lakeman. 

Clark. 

Bowles. 

Turner. 

Marshall. 

Lewis. 

Cavenagh. 

f McCornack. 

1 Perkins. 

( Ryan. 

J Eckstrom. 

Crolius. 



Bowdoin. 




Stearns. 


Left End. 


Murphy. 


Left Tackle. 


Bates. 


Left Guard. 


Stone. 


Center. 


French. 


Bight Guard. 


Spear. 


Bight Tackle 


Libby. 


Right End. 


Moulton. 


Quarterback. 


Stanwood. 1 
McMillan, j 


Halfback. 



Score — Bowdoin 10, Dartmouth 10. Touchdowns — 
McMillan 2, Byan, Eckstrom. Goals from touchdowns — 
Stanwood and Eckstrom. Referee — E. H. Carleton. Um- 
pire — Douglass. Linesman — Marsh. Substitutes— Baker, 
Eastman, Newbegin, Warren, Shute, White, Stetson, and 
Veazie, for Bowdoin; Randall, Kelley, Perkins, and Bart- 
lett, for Dartmouth. 

Bowdoin Fourth Eleven, 10; B. H. 6'., O. 
On Wednesday, October 2d, a picked team of 
Bowdoin boys, known as the fourth eleven, some of 
whom could play foot-ball and some of whom could 
not, went to Bath and defeated the Bath High 
School eleven 10 to 0. It was easy work and fur- 
nished them with a pleasant afternoon in the Ship- 
ping City. The players and positions were : 
Bowdoin. Bath. 

Dana. Right End. Clifford. 

Smith. Right Tackle. Turner. 

Rhines. Right Guard. Simpson. 

Hills. Center. Getchell. 

Russell. Left Guard. Dunton. 

Sturgis. Left Tackle. Black. 

Pulsifer. Left End. Sillsby. 

Pitz. Quarterback. Donnell. 

£&».! H — {SSjfc. 

Nickerson. Fullback. Gilmore. 

Bowdoin, 18; Andover, 10. 
Bowdoiu's second game was played with Andover 
at Andover, October 9th, an,d resulted in a victory 
by the score of 18 to 10. This was more satisfactory 
than our close margin of victory last year and our 
defeat of the year before, but was not so complete 
a victory as we would have won with fair treatment 
at the hands of the officials. Nor did Bowdoin 
play with the snap and determination shown in the 
Dartmouth game. Its defensive play was weaker, 
Andover making many gains through the line, 
though it could do nothing around the ends. The 
backs all put up a sharp, steady game. McMillan's 
lame leg troubled him, and he was replaced by 
Stetson for the second half. Stearns was slightly 
injured soon after the game opened, and Veazie, 
who was tried at end, put up a fine game. McMil- 
lan's dash of 60 yards for a touchdown was a feature 
of the game. Holman and Schrieppe did the best 
work for Andover. Following is the line-up and 
score : 

Andover. Bowdoin. 

Iewc a omhe.} Eight End. Libby. 

Wickes. Right Tackle. Spear. 

L. Durston. Right Guard. French. 

Barton. Center. Stone. 

Johnson. Left Guard. Bates. 



144 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Greenway. 

Schrieppe. 

"Went worth. 

Holman. ) 
Douglass. J 



Left Tackle. 

Left End. 
Quarterback. 

Halfback. 



Murphy, 
f Stearns. 
\ Veazie. 
Moulton. 

{Stanwood. 
McMillan. 
Stetson. 

Butteriield. Fullback. Ives. 

Score — Bowdoin 18, Andover 10. Touchdowns — Mc- 
Millan, Spear, Ives, Holman, Butterfield. Goals— Stan- 
wood 3, Wickes. Referee — Chadwell. Umpire — Ward. 
Linesman— Churchill. Time— 40 minutes. Attendance — 
600. 

FOOT-BALL SCHEDULE. 
Two games of the schedule, as given in the last 
Orient, have been canceled. After hearing of the 
Bowdoin-Dartmouth game, Tufts decided to cancel 
the game arranged with us for October 26th. This 
deprives Bowdoin of the pleasure of another victory 
over Tufts. Exeter canceled the game which was 
to be played here October 12th, but a game will 
probably be arranged for a later date. Wednesday 
of this week Bowdoin was scheduled to play Dart- 
mouth at Hanover. Games with Bates and Colby 
will soon bo arranged. Bowdoin will play Exeter 
at Exeter, October 23d ; Amherst at Amherst, 
October 30th ; Boston Combination at Brunswick, 
November 2d; M. S. C. at Bangor, November 10th; 
Brown at Providence, November 20th. Games are 
under consideration with several other strong teams, 
and it is hoped that two or three good ones can be 
had on the home grounds. No game was played 
last Saturday. 



Rev. C. L. Merriam of Lowell, Mass., will preach 
the sermon before the Y. M. C. A., in the Congre- 
gational Church, on Sunday, October 27th. The 
following Monday evening, October 28th, he will 
give a humorous art lecture in the Chemical Lecture 
Room. It is necessary to use the lecture room 
because there is no means of lighting Memorial 
Hall. Mr. Merriam comes to us highly recom- 
mended as a lecturer and artist, and, as the number 
of tickets is limited, those who wish to enjoy a 
pleasant evening should secure tickets from the 
committee as soon as possible. Messrs. Haines, 
C. G. Fogg, and Hewitt have the entertainment in 
charge. 

The work of the Association has progressed 
finely thus far this term. About one hundred stu- 
dents and several members of the Faculty attended 



the reception of the Freshmen, September 19th. 
Fourteen members of the Class of '99 have already 
joined the Association and probably several more 
will come in later. So many Freshmen room out- 
side that the work and time required for canvassing 
the class are greatly increased. 

Two Bible classes have been formed, taking two 
distinct lines of study. One class, made up of Sen- 
iors and Juniors, will study the parables of Christ, 
while the other class, made up of Sophomores and 
Freshmen, will study the life of Christ. It is 
hoped that these classes will become so large that 
a further division will become necessary. The 
time for study has not yet been fully decided upon, 
but it is the aim of the committee to choose the 
hour that will be most convenient to the greater 
number. All the students are cordially invited to 
join the classes, and full particulars in regard to the 
methods and hours of study will be announced as 
soon as the course is mapped out. 



Book l^eviewg. 



(Le Nabob, by Alphonse Daudet, abridged and 
anuotated by Benjamin W. Wells. Giun & Co., 
Boston.) This, the most characteristic of all Dau- 
det's novels, has been condensed to a length adapted 
to its use as a text-book, by unravelling the story 
of the Nabab from its incumbering episodes, which 
from a student's standpoint, add nothing to the 
novel's value. The naturalistic social studies of the 
book are what its claims for recognition as a college 
text-book are based upon. 

(Selected Essays from Sainte-Beuve, with intro- 
duction and notes, by John R. Efflnger, Jr. Giun 
& Co., Boston.) This little book, the latest addi- 
tion to Ginn & Co.'s Modern Language Series, con- 
tains six of Sainte-Beuve's literary studies: Chateau- 
briand, Madame Recamier, Qu'est-Ce Qu'un Clas- 
sique, Roman de 'Renart, Alfred de Musset, and 
Histoire de L'Academie Franchise. These sketches 
are the pith of the critical articles of one of the 
world's greatest critics. The notes are full and 
carefully prepared. 

(Academy Song Book, published by Ginn & Co.) 
A new collection of songs for high school and col- 
lege. The book contains all of the old favorites aud 
many new ones which deserve that title. It is a 
neatly gotten up book, aud contains an introductory 
portion, given up to scale and easy exercises. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



145 



(Digest of Decisions and Precedents, compiled 
by Henry Hyde Smith.) Tbe digest relates to the 
powers and privileges of the Senate and House of 
Representatives, respecting their members and 
officers, and contains an account of all investiga- 
tions into cases of contempt, bribery, etc., from the 
fourth session of Congress to the present date. 
The compiler is a Bowdoin alumnus and a distin- 
guished member of the Class of 1854. 

(The Comedy of Fraud and the Merchant Prince.) 
American dramas received through the courtesy of 
Dr. Crowe. 




'27.— One of the men on 
1 whom the country has its 
gaze fixed to-day, is the venerable 
Alpheus Felch, the sixth of the thirty 
Governors of Michigan, whose 91st birth- 
day anniversary the whole people of that 
state united in celebrating last month. Born in the 
autumn of 1805, the life of this honored man has 
been filled with incidents and events, the relation 
of which would read like a romance. Mr. Felch 
first saw the light of day in the little town of Lim- 
erick, Me., where his father was engaged in a mer- 
cantile business. Mr. Felch received his early 
education in the common schools of his native town, 
and in 1821 became a student in the old Fryeburo- 
Academy. Upon graduating from Bowdoin in 1827° 
he began the study of law, and in 1830 was admit- 
ted to practice in Bangor. The present position of 
Governor Felch is unique. He is the oldest surviv- 
ing member of the Michigan Legislature; the old- 
est and only surviving bank commissioner of the 
state; the oldest surviving Governor of the state; 
the oldest surviving judge of the supreme court! 
and with but one exception the oldest surviving 
member of the United States Senate. The except 
tion in this last case is, remarkably enough, another 
Bowdoin man, the venerable J. W. Bradbury, '25. 
The people of Michigan have bestowed upon Gov- 
ernor Felch every honor within their gift, and now, 
as he has well entered his nineties, he has the satis- 
faction of knowing that he is looked upon by all 
with reverence, respect, and love. 



'40. — The residence of William Alexander, North 
Harpswell, was a scene of merriment last week, the 
occasion being the annual donation party to Rev. 
Elijah Kellogg. Bath and Brunswick were repre- 
sented. The evening was pleasantly passed and 
Father Kellogg received many useful gifts. 

'50. — General 0. 0. Howard had one of his ever 
interesting articles in the Boston Sunday Herald, 
of October 6th, entitled "Our Big Battles Fought 
Over To-day." Gen. Howard is now President of 
Norwich University. 

'60. — James Liddell Phillips, who was graduated 
from Bowdoin in the Class of 1860, died in India 
the 25th of June. He was a son of Rev. Jeremiah 
Phillips, who went out to India in 1836 and opened 
a Free Baptist mission in Orissa. The son, James, 
was born at Balasore, on 17th of January, 1840. 
When twelve years old he came to America and 
fitted for college, from which he was graduated in 
1860. After graduating he returned to India and 
took up the work in the Santali mission. His theo- 
logical course was taken at the New Hampton 
Theological Seminary. He was in America during 
1877 and 1878 as corresponding secretary for his 
missionary society. During these two years he 
raised money enough to endow a training college 
for evangelists and ministers at Midnapore, becom- 
ing first principal of the institution. In 1885 Dr. 
Phillips returned to America again, and for some 
time had charge of a church, and then was State 
Chaplain to the prisons of Rhode Island. In this 
work he showed the same faith, steadfastness, and 
hopefulness that characterized all his Indian mis- 
sionary life. Iu 1889 Dr. Phillips became Secretary 
to the Evangelical Alliance of Philadelphia, and iu 
1890 he returned to India to take up his old work. 
He was not only an ordained missionary, but he had 
gained, when a student, the degrees of M.A., LL.B., 
and M.D. In addition, Bowdoin conferred on him 
the degree of D.D. 

'61. — Edwin Emery,— "Emery first," as the pro- 
fessors called him, died at his home in New Bedford 
Mass., September 28th. He was born at Sanford, 
Maine, September 4, 1836. He learned the trade 
of a tinsmith ; but having a determination to obtain 
an education, he fitted for college and entered the 
Class of '61, at Bowdoin. He is remembered by his 
classmates not only as among the first in scholar- 
ship, but as the first pitcher of a Bowdoin base-ball 
"nine." He was proud of his trade, and at gradua- 
tion gave to each of his classmates a tin diploma- 
case made with his own hands. He was, almost all 
his life, a teacher. He was principal of high schools 



146 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



at Gardiner and Belfast, Maine ; at Great Palls, N. 
H. ; and at Southbridge and Northbridge, Mass. 
From 1877 until 1890 be was instructor of cadets 
on tbe revenue marine schoolship at New Bedford. 
His career as a teacber was interrupted but once 
in twenty-nine years. In 1863 he enlisted as a pri- 
vate—be could do doubt bave had a commission by 
asking for it— in the seventeenth Maine regiment, 
and served until the end of the civil war. He was 
desperately wounded at Spottsylvania, and by his 
bravery won a commission as second lieutenant. 
During tbe last five years he has been in tbe insur- 
ance business. If one were asked to name the act 
which best illustrated bis character, the answer 
must be: his enlistment in the army. It was, he 
felt, his duty to serve his country, and what that 
country needed was private soldiers. Bowdoin has 
given to the world many sons whose characters 
were built up of sturdy stuff; none more faithful to 
every call of duty than Edwin Emery. 

Hou., '61.— Dr. Joseph Springall, who died at 
Dexter, Friday, October 4th, was born the 16th of 
July, 181 1, at Great Yarmouth, England. He was 
an bonorary graduate of the Class of 1861. 

70. — Mr. D. S. Alexander, of Buffalo, has been 
invited to deliver tbe address on tbe anniversary of 
the death of Indiana's war Governor, Hon. Oliver 
P. Morton, which occurs at Indianapolis on Sunday, 
November 3d. Mr. Alexander became acquainted 
with Governor Morton soon after leaving college, 
and until his death in 1877 was known as one of his 
closest political and personal friends. 

71. — One of the most potent personages in New 
York journalism to-day is Edward Page Mitchell of 
the Sun. He is a native of Batb, Me., is 43 years 
of age, and graduated from Bowdoin College in the 
Class of 1871. After working on several newspa- 
pers in this part of the country, including the 
Letviston Journal, bis bright, breezy writings struck 
the attention of Cbarles H. Dana, who secured 
Mitchell for the Sun forthwith. For several years 
he has been Dana's right-hand man. Some of the 
quaintest, most fantastic and most pungent contri- 
butions to the Sun's editorial page have originated, 
not with tbe famous editor-in-chief, as is popularly 
supposed, but from the fertile brain of Mr. Mitchell, 
between whom and Mr. Dana, it may be said, there 
are strong ties of mutual admiration. Mitchell gave 
a forecast of tbe successes of his after life when in 
college. He was an editor on tbe student publica- 
tions and won prizes for essay writings. He was 
the winner of the '68 prize in his Senior year, his 
oration being "Trial by Ordeal." 



'79.— Millard K. Page died in Denver, Col., of 
heart disease, Friday, September 27th. He was a 
lawyer and for a time private secretary to ex-Sen- 
ator Tabor of Colorado. Mr. Page was born Octo- 
ber 3, 1856, at Houlton. After graduating from 
Bowdoin he studied law at Columbian University, 
obtaining the degree of LL.B. from that institution 
in 1881. 

'87.— W. L. Gahan is in Manchester, N. H., 
where he has accepted the position of gymnasium 
instructor for the Manchester Athletic Association. 

'88.— Lincoln Academy is having a very pros- 
perous term under the direction of Principal George 
H. Larrabee. One hundred students are registered, 
the largest number for several years. 

'88.— Richard W. Goding, who has been practic- 
ing law in Boston, is out of health and has gone to 
Denver, Col., for the winter. 

'90. — Frank P. Morse, who for several years has 
served as principal of the Freeport High School, is 
acting in a similar capacity at Bradford, Mass. 

'90. — Henry W. Webb was ordained to the work 
of a missionary at the Congregational Church at 
Bridgton, Friday, September 24, 1895. Mr. Webb 
will go to Grand View, Tenn., to take charge of a 
training school of the American Missionary Asso- 
ciation. 

'90.— George Brinton Chandler, a former Man- 
aging Editor of tbe Orient, was married on June 
5th, to Miss Mabel Ayers, at the home of the bride's 
parents, 522 Pendleton Avenue, St. Louis. Miss 
Ayers was very well known in St. Louis, socially 
and as an elocutionist. Mr. and Mrs. Chandler 
reside at the Berkeley, Minneapolis. Mr. Chandler 
is still Northwestern agent for Ginn & Co., tbe 
well-known publishers of school and college text- 
books. His office address is 1,011 New York Life 
Building, Minneapolis, Minn. 

'91. — Thomas R. Croswell, for the past year at 
Columbia, is pursuing a post-graduate course in 
Clark University, Worcester, Mass. 

'92. — F. G. Sweet has just returned to New 
Orleans from a visit to his home and college. He 
has a leading position on the staff of the Times- 
Democrat. 

'93.— M. S. Clifford is editor of the Bangor Daily 
Neivs since its recent change of ownership. During 
the past summer Mr. Clifford was united in marriage 
to Miss Godfrey of Bangor. 

'93.— Albert M. Jones, who has taught two years 
at Cornish, Me., is serving as principal of the Howe 
School In Billerica, Mass. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



147 



'94. — P. F. Stevens has entered the Jefferson 
Medical College, Philadelphia. 

'94. — H. E. Bryant is principal of the Hermon 
Center High School. During the past summer he 
was assistant editor of the Old Orchard Sea Shell. 

'94.— C. A. Flagg has a position in the New 
York State Library at Albany. 

Ex-'95. — The Bath Times reports the engage- 
ment of Mr. N. Gratz Jackson, principal of the 
Ninth Grade School of that city, and Miss Lizzie S. 
Farnhum, one of Bath's popular young ladies. 




The Coburn Cadets of the Maine State College, 
over 200 strong, had last week their annual tour of 
duty in camp, pitching their tents at Presque Isle. 
The idea is to visit a different section of the State 
each season. Capt. W. S. Edgerly of the 7th United 
States Cavalry, military instructor at the college, 
was the commandant. 

It was half and half at Bates this year, as 
thirty-nine young men and thirty-nine youug ladies 
made up the entering class. 

'Tis twenty years, and something more, 
Since, all athirst for useful knowledge, 

I took some draughts of classic lore 
Drawn very mild at college; 

Yet I rememher all that one 

Could wish to hold in recollection, 

The hoys, the joys, the noise, the fun, 
But not a single conic section. 

— John G. Saxe. 

Foot-Ball. 

The foot-ball season now is here, 

The player, in his mirth, 
Doth ram his knotty head into 

The hard, unyielding earth. 

He "bucks the center," " hits the line," 

Nor other honor needs, 
For only through the struggling mass 

The " path to glory " leads. — Ex. 



The captains of some of the various college 
elevens for the year are : Harvard, A. H. Brewer; 
Pennsylvania, Williams; Cornell, Wyckoff; Prince- 
ton, Lea; Tale, Thome; Amherst, Pratt ; Michi- 
gan, Hennenger; Chicago, Allen ; Illinois, Hotch- 
kiss; Minnesota, Larson; Williams, Hiukey ; Dart- 
mouth, McCornack ; Trinity, Langford; Virginia, 
Mudd ; Lafayette, Boericke. 

There are twenty-one fraternities now repre- 
sented at the University of Michigan. 

Bloomerdom. 
The small boy looks with envy at 

Miss Jack Noowonian Gloomers, 
For he has heard she has at least 

Six pockets in her bloomers. 

Little Miss Spider 
Was sipping some cider, 

Not having a fly to flay, 
When up came Miss Doomers, 
Arrayed in her bloomers, 

And frightened Miss Spider away. 

He bought his wife brocades and silks, 

The richest importations, 
And statuettes and jewels rare 

From many foreign nations; 
Full-blooded steeds and poodle dogs 

To satisfy her humors, 
But when she was new woman crazed 

He drew the line on bloomers. 

— The Student Life. 

The existence of the Leland Sauford, Jr., Univer- 
sity is hanging in the balance pending the decision of 
the court in the case of the United States vs. the 
estate of Leland Stanford. The amount involved 
is over $15,000,000; practically the entire estate. 
For several years Mrs. Stanford has been paying 
the expenses of the University out of her own pri- 
vate fortune, which is said to be nearly exhausted. 

Hereafter the Tuftonian will have two editions, 
a weekly to contain local news and announcements, 
and a monthly, to be of a distinctively literary 
character. 

Heffelfinger, Yale's old guard, is coaching the 
University of Minnesota this fall. 

An illustrated comic paper has been started at 
the University of California, called Josh. 

McClung of Yale, who has been coaching Lehigh 
eleven, is training the Naval Academy team this 
season. 

Butterworth, formerly fullback on the Yale 
eleven, is to coach the University of California foot- 
ball team this fall. 



148 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Eighty of the one hundred and three men who 
took entrance examinations this September for Har- 
vard, have received conditions. 

Work has been begun upon the new Veterinary 
College building at Cornell. There will be six 
buildings in all, which will cost over $150,000. 

The official figures of the registration of the 
different classes in Harvard College, as compared 
with those of the same time last year, is as follows: 

'94-'95. '95-'96. 

Seniors 320 357 

Juniors, 347 338 

Sophomores, 422 441 

Freshmen, 404 464 

Specials, 168 158 

Totals, 1,661 1,758 





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BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, OCTOBER 30, 1895. 



Vol. XXV. 



No. 8. 



BOWDOIN OP. I KNT. 

PUBLISHED EVERT ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY DURING 
THE COLLEGIATE YEAR EY THE STUDENTS OF 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE. 



EDITORIAL BOARD. 

J. C. Minot, '96, Editor-in-Chief. 

C. W. Marston, '96, Assistant Editor-in-Chief. 

H. R. Blodgett, '96, Business Manager. 

G. T. Ordway, '96. H. H. Pierce, '96. 

H. Gilpatric, '96. R. S. Hagar, '97. 

P. P. Baxter, '98. T. L. Marble, '98. 

C. C. Smith, '98. 



Per annum, in advance, 
Single Copies, 



. $2.00. 

. . 15 Cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Manager. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Manager. Com. 
munioalionsin regard to all other matters should he directed to 
the Editor-in-Chief. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Bowdoin Verse Department should be 
sent to Box 1155, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should be sent to Box 1091, Brunswick, Me. 



Entered at the Post-Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 
Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston. 



CONTENTS. 

Vol. XXV., No. 8.— October 30, 1895. 

Editorial Notes, 149 

Science Versus Nature, 152 

Bowdoin Verse : 

The Lesson of the Seconds, 159 

Ariadne 159 

A Slight Mistake, 159 

Evening 160 

To My Lady, 160 

Collegii Tabula, ...... 160 

Athletics, 162 

Personal, 164 

College World, 165 




Here's to the health of the Portland 
Club of Bowdoin; may it live long and wax 
ever in strength. The organizers of this 
new club have taken the initiative in a 
good movement, and doubtless the represen- 
tatives of other cities and fitting schools will 
follow their example. Not only will the 
cherished associations of the past be kept 
fresh by such clubs, but they will be in a 
position to do much good for their college. 
Collectively thus their members can much 
more effectively spread the true Bowdoin 
gospel in their home than they could indi- 
vidually. The Portland Club of Bowdoin 
starts life very auspiciously, and numbers in 
its membership men prominent in every line 
of college work. Portland has furnished 
many scores of Bowdoin's most loyal sons, 
and it is hoped the new club will be one 
means to make its record for the future an 
even more brilliant one. 



TF you wish to wear the big B on your 
*■ sweater, then earn the right to do so by 
winning a position on the college foot-ball 
or base-ball team. This seemed to be the 
prevailing sentiment when this subject was 
brought up at a recent mass-meeting of the 
students, and it is right that it should be. 
The athlete, whose hard work has won him 
a position on the 'varsity eleven or nine, 



150 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



deserves at least the recognition given by 
the exclusive privilege of wearing publicly 
the college initial on his sweater. Let 
others wear their sweater of white or 
black, or of their class colors, but let the 
members of the team alone display the B. 
In nearly all colleges this rule is strictly 
followed, and it has been too little observed 
here in the past. The feeling recently shown 
on the matter shows that the rule is well 
established at Bowdoin for the future. 



0N several occasions in the past few years 
a movement has been made among 
those interested to start a Bowdoin Press 
Club, but each time the matter has been al- 
lowed to drop, and the club has not yet been 
formed. The advantages of such an organ- 
ization are many, and there is no reason why 
it should not exist as a power for good in 
the college. Many colleges have taken hold 
of this matter, and as a result, systematic 
and well-directed statements of matters of 
college interest appear constantly in the 
papers. To be sure, many Maine papers and 
one or two Boston papers have correspond- 
ents in college, but many papers are unrep- 
resented, and many correspondents are not 
very active. We often fail to appreciate the 
importance to our college of having its 
affairs, which are worthy of mention, set 
forth frequently and at some length before 
the general public. The more this is done 
the more the enthusiasm of the alumni and 
the interest of friends are kept alive, and 
the attention of strangers excited. By the 
great mass of people the college is judged 
by what is read about it in the papers, and 
thus the responsibility which rests upon col- 
lege correspondents is a serious one. They 
must see that all that is possible appears in 
print about their college and that it is written 
in the best possible manner. Papers at a dis- 
tance, as well as in the state, must' be sup- 
plied with news. The correspondent must 



be first of all a loyal Bowdoin man, and not 
merely a correspondent for the few dollars 
he may gain. He must be careful and dis- 
creet and circulate nothing false, and noth- 
ing that would injure the good name of the 
college. All newspapers are glad to handle 
college news if well served to them, and a 
Bowdoin Press Club, well conducted, would 
find before it a wide field for work in the 
lines of improvement and extension. Syste- 
matic organization, as all must admit, would 
be much more effective than the free and 
easy method of individual correspondence 
that has always prevailed here. Among the 
many organizations existing here there is 
plenty of room for a Press Club, and if it is 
started on a practical working plan, none 
will be able to do more good for the old col- 
lege that we all love. 



TN the last number of the Orient mention 
*- was made of the active interest taken in 
current college affairs, and especially ath- 
letics, by the Bowdoin Club of Boston. 
This interest has taken a very practical form, 
and thanks to a subscription taken among 
the loyal young alumni composing the club, 
Bowdoin has, for the rest of the season, the 
services of a first-class coach to carry on the 
work so well begun by Mr. Mackie. The 
club has the sincere gratitude of the student 
body for this act. Such a manifestation of 
alumni interest means much for the college. 
It cannot but advance our athletic standing 
and give a new impetus to our sports. It 
can only prove an incentive to more deter- 
mined work by our teams, and more united 
and enthusiastic support of them by the 
students. Alumni interest has been much 
needed in Bowdoin athletics, and now that 
the Bowdoin boys of Boston have taken the 
initiative, we hope the good work will go on. 
Let alumni and students stand shoulder to 
shoulder in support of our athletics, and 
share together the burden and the glory, 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



151 



and as a result the burden will be much 
lighter and the glory much greater. We 
are proud of our foot-ball team this fall and 
the Boston alumni evidently share that pride, 
and are anxious to do their part to make the 
last part of the season as creditable as the 
first part has been ; let us also do our share. 
We tip our hats to the Bowdoin Club of 
Boston. 

TPHE pressing need of more shelf room for 
-*■ the regular accessions to the library, 
and the desirableness of better facilities for 
the study and consultation of books than the 
now over-crowded rooms can afford, has 
long been evident to those who use and to 
those who administer the college library. 
Last summer Gen. Joshua L. Chamberlain, 
President Hyde, Hon. James P. Baxter, Ed- 
ward Stanwood, Esq., Oliver C. Stevens, 
Esq., and the college librarian, were ap- 
pointed by the Boards of Trustees and Over- 
seers as a special committee to take the 
entire matter under consideration, to formu- 
late plans and take such action as might 
seem best. At their second meeting the 
committee decided that further attempts to 
increase the capacity of the present building 
were unwise, in view of demand for adminis- 
tration and study rooms, and determined to 
report that the erection of a new and com- 
modious library building was the only feasi- 
ble solution of the problem given them. 
They also agreed that a definite statement 
of the kind of a building needed should be 
brought to the attention of the friends of 
the college. Mr. Frederick A. Thompson, of 
Portland, has prepared preliminary sketches 
of such a structure, which are now on exhi- 
bition in the library. The plans call for a 
two-story building, 120 by 40, with two 
wings of 37 by 77 feet. The wings are to 
be fire-proof, and each capable of shelving 
60,000 volumes. The cost of the entire 
structure and its furnishings would be in 



the neighborhood of 1150,000. The need 
for more room for books already given or 
soon to be purchased is so urgent that the 
committee was in favor of erecting at once, 
should the necessary funds be secured, one 
of these wings. This, from the site and plan 
of the general building, could be built with- 
out prejudice to the rest of the structure, 
and, though planned for the especial purpose 
of a stack or book room, would by no means 
be an unattractive building in itself. Its 
outward appearance would be similar to that 
of the gymnasium, and its cost, including 
the two-tiered glass and iron stack, about 
$25,000. 

When it is remembered that Bowdoin 
alone of all the colleges that have celebrated 
their hundredth anniversary, has never had 
a separate library building, it seems at least 
fitting that the first decade of her second 
century should not pass without the erection 
at the southern end of the quadrangle of a 
structure so essential to the proper equip- 
ment of a literary institution. Our new 
library building must come. May it come 
soon. 

YES, the leaf conflagration on the campus 
made a very beautiful spectacle last 
Thursday evening, and it was exceedingly 
amusing to see how the whole town was 
" pulled on " and " sold " by the flames, the 
shouts, and the bell ringing. It was a 
most successful " sell," a practical joke of the 
first magnitude, and yet, after we were 
through with our laughter, did not all of us 
feel somewhat ashamed of such a childish 
prank? It is easilj' possible to carry practical 
joking, especially in a college, too far ; and 
to call out a fire department and arouse a 
whole town is not such a very funny thing 
after all. Of course it was not premeditated ; 
it was mere thoughtlessness and the impulse 
of a moment on the part of some student on 
his way to supper, but thoughtlessness and 



152 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



rash impulse are often disastrous. The next 
time the fire department is called to the cam- 
pus it may be a case of serious need and not 
a false alarm, and remembering their past ex- 
periences, the firemen may not hasten about 
responding. Also, it is unwise for us to 
needlessly antagonize the feelings of the 
towns-people, since present relations are none 
too cordial. They are none too quick to 
appreciate any joke at their expense, and a 
joke that costs them cold cash is less easily 
forgotten and forgiven. 



IT is unfortunate that any dispute over foot- 
ball matters should have arisen this fall 
between Dartmouth and Bowdoin. Our rela- 
tions in athletics, as in all else, have always 
been most cordial, and the Orient sincerely 
hopes that the present unpleasantness may 
prove very temporary. But since the dis- 
pute did arise, with its charges and counter- 
charges, due to the " nerve " and persistence 
of the Dartmouth management and press 
correspondents, it is well that the affair 
received such a complete airing in the news- 
papers. The result was at once a complete 
vindication of Bowdoin's position and as 
complete an exposure of Dartmouth's un- 
sportsmanlike and very questionable course. 
Bowdoin gained much and Dartmouth lost 
much by the controversy. The amount of 
the whole trouble was that Dartmouth, having 
canceled a game with Bowdoin on October 
16th for the sake of playing Yale for more 
money, wanted Bowdoin to cancel a game 
with Exeter on October 23d for the sake of 
playing her. The Bowdoin sense of honor 
forbid any such course. Then Dartmouth 
tried to dictate, and said we must plaj' them 
on that date, or all athletic contests ceased 
for the future between the two colleges. 
Although our agreement to play Exeter on 
October 23d was made seven months ago, 
Dartmouth claimed in the papers that we 
had broken a date with them for the sake of 



playing Exeter, and even intimated (forget- 
ting the lesson our team taught them on 
October 5th) that we did not dare to play 
them again. This was all nonsense, and when 
the Bowdoin side was presented in the papers 
the false and ridiculous position of Dart- 
mouth was painfully exposed. Our schedule 
being full with games arranged months ago, 
it was very unreasonable and unsportsman- 
like for Dartmouth to expect us to cancel a 
game for the sake of playing her. This was, 
indeed, adding insult to injury, after she had 
deliberately canceled a game with us for the 
sake of playing Yale. Bowdoin has been 
unfortunate in thus losing games by cancel- 
lation this year. Four other teams, includ- 
ing Tufts, which has done the same thing 
before, have broken engagements definitely 
made. But in spite of all this our foot-ball 
season is progressing remarkably well, and 
seems likely to prove the most successful in 
the history of the sport at Bowdoin. Four 
victories have been won, and half a dozen 
yet remain to be fought for. 



Science Versus Nature. 

« mO-MORROW night," said Frank Fol- 
*■ som, "I am going to start on my annual 
hunting trip." 

" Where are you going?" said his mother. 

"Up in Maine where I have been for the 
last two years." 

"Oh, Frank, take me with you," inter- 
rupted his sister, a tall, slender girl, with 
light brown hair and pretty eyes. 

Eleanor Folsom was rather a pretty girl, 
about twenty-five years old. She had been 
through Bradford Seminary, and- had been 
a leader in society since she graduated, but 
the last year had become interested in kin- 
dergartens. Her father was a well-to-do 
merchant, having made money in the West 
India shipping trade. His son Frank did 
most of the business now. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



153 



When Frank heard her remarkable re- 
quest he laughed, and answered: " Wouldn't 
you feel nice up in a dirty hunter's camp, 
where forks are not used, and the tin dishes 
are all black with grease and soot. Then 
tramping through the underbrush and over 
fallen trees a woman is no use." 

"I could wear my bicycle suit with short 
skirt and gaiters, and you know I can paddle 
as well as you, and shoot almost as well." 

"You would be tired to death before you 
were there a day; you wouldn't see a man 
except Old Bill and myself." 

In a less defiant tone she said: "I know I 
shouldn't ; come, Frank, take me with you." 

"All right, I will, but if you are home- 
sick do not ask me to come back with you 
before two weeks are up." 

The next evening Frank and Eleanor 
took a sleeper out of Boston to Bangor, 
where they were to change for the Bangor 
and Aroostook road. They took their break- 
fast at Bangor, and got to Norcross at about 
eleven, where they were to branch out into 
the woods for twenty miles. Bill McPheters, 
at whose camp Frank had stopped the two 
previous falls, was at the station with his old 
white horse and a wagon that looked as if 
it might fall to pieces any time. The old 
hunter accosted him: 

" Wal, Mr. Folsom, yure skin and bones 
are nigher together than when I seed you 
last; bin workin' hard?" 

"No harder than usual, only I am grow- 
ing older; Mr. McPheters, let me introduce 
my sister." Old Bill seized Eleanor by the 
hand, and said to Frank, "You didn't say 
nuthin 'bout havin' a gal with you." 

"No, when I wrote you I did not know 
she was coming. I suppose you can put her 
up all right?" 

"Sartin, but pritty poor hole for a lady; 
howsomever, we'll give her the whole er the 
owl's nest. Get into the wagon, while I git 
your traps." 



They were soon bowling along over the 
rough, half-swamped road, and Eleanor had 
to hold to the wagon and brace her feet to 
keep from being thrown out when the wagon 
struck a boulder or a stump. They rode 
along in silence for some time, until the old 
trapper said, " I've got a young feller — at 
the diggins, thar. He goes round with his 
stockin's outside his breeches, and a big knit 
shirt, what he calls a sweater. He don't care 
much for fishin' and shootin', though he's a 
toler'ble shot. He has a big hammer and 
wedge, an' goes round breakin' off slices of 
the ledges all round. Says he's studyin' the 
g'ology of the regi'n. He's a pretty meaty 
lad, and can lug a canoe as easy as a mink 
can a perch." 

"This is interesting," said Eleanor, "a 
young geologist at the camp where I am to 
stop. I hope he is good looking and agree- 
able." "Oh, he's a good sort, but he has a 
solem' and knowin' look, like an owl, but 
his eyes are as keen as a hawk's. I kal'late 
he don't set much by wimmin folks from 
what he's been tellin' me in front of the fire. 
He sez he's done a pile of studyin' in his 
day; bin through two or three big schools, 
an' has broke down his health, so he cum up 
in the woods to rest. He don't rest much, 
though. He tramps all clay and Aggers and 
kallates by the fire night time. He don't 
b'lieve in marriages nohow." 

"What an agreeable man he must be. I 
shall be frightened to death of him." 

" He's all right, only he's too knowin'." 

"Most of these scientific fellows don't 
care for the girls. They think they are too 
superficial and frivolous," said Frank. 

"It's worse than having no one to talk 
to, to have to talk on scientific subjects 
all the time," Eleanor said with a toss of 
her head. 

They went along slowly, the loose joints 
of the old wagon making it much easier rid- 
ing over the boulders and tree trunks. 



154 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



"Dear me," said Eleanor, "I shall be 
lamer than when I fell off my bicycle, this 
road is so rough." 

"Only two miles to the shake-down," said 
Old Bill; " We'll get there by four." 

"I'm just dying to see it," said Eleanor. 

"You'll be dying to see the last of it in 
two days," laughed Frank. 

"No, I am going to study geology with 
Mr. — , what did you say his name was? " 

" Evans," said Old Bill. 

In a short time they came in sight of the 
camp, which was made of logs and covered 
with tar paper. "Lewis is out thumpin' 
rocks," said Old Bill, as they went into the 
camp. Eleanor was shown her quarters, 
which was a part of the camp separated by 
split cedar slabs, and lighted by one pane of 
glass, set in clay. 

After going through the usual feminine 
habit of arranging her hair, she went out to 
take a look at the scenery. The camp was 
on the edge of Millinocket Lake, a large sheet 
of water surrounded by hard-wood ridges 
and evergreen-covered mountains. The 
water looked rather dark and gloomy. As 
she was gazing at the scenery thus presented, 
a man pushed through the trees. He had on 
a golf suit and carried a canvas bag over his 
shoulder, with a hammer handle sticking 
out. He also had a gun. He was of medium 
height, with good broad shoulders and a deep 
chest. He almost stopped when he saw 
Eleanor, but pushed on, taking off his cap as 
he passed by her into the camp. Old Bill, 
who was getting supper, introduced him to 
Frank, and then to Eleanor. 

"You have good courage to come up here 
in this gloomy, desolate place," said Mr. 
Evans, laughing. 

"I don't think it is gloomy; the trees are 
very beautiful in their colorings, and I do 
not find it so desolate as I anticipated," with 
a smile which caused Frank to frown at 
his gun. 



"The trees are surely beautiful, and the 
lake is very pretty when the sun is shining, 
but the only people I have seen was a party 
of sportsmen who carried their canoes across 
from Ambogeges." 

"You are a geologist, Mr. McPheters 
says." 

"Yes, I am interested in geology, espe- 
cially of this state, it is so peculiar. Maine 
is so largely covered with woods that there 
is no exact geological map of it. I am trav- 
eling around trying to get some idea of it." 

"There must be some pleasure in doing 
work that has never been done before. It 
ought to make you famous," she said with 
a smile. 

" It would be a very easy way of getting 
famous," he said, with a laugh which was 
extremely musical. "I do it because I like 
to be around in the woods, and because my 
doctor said I must take a rest." He then 
told her that he was a graduate of Bowdoin 
College, and had also received a degree from 
Johns Hopkins. 

After supper they sat in front of the open 
camp-fire, and Eleanor was given the "dea- 
con seat." 

"You're the fust air wumun that has 
set in that deacon seat," said Old Bill. 

"You see that you are queen of this 
place," said Evans, bowing. She drew her- 
self up with mock dignity and said, " Will 
you get me that log so that I can toast my 
feet?" 

" He's not so slow as he looks," thought 
Frank, as Lewis brought up the log and then 
sat down on one end of it near Eleanor. 
"To-morrow, Bill and I are going down to 
the outlet and try for a deer ; do you want 
to go, Eleanor ? " 

"No, think I will stay around the camp 
to-morrow." 

" I suppose no use to ask you, Mr. Evans ? " 

"No, I am going over on that hard-wood 
ridge, and look around." Lewis then turned 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



155 



to Eleanor for a tete-a-tete, while Frank and 
Old Bill talked about the fish and game 
laws and their effect in increasing the num- 
ber of deer and moose. 

About nine Frank and Old Bill turned 
into their bunks, and Eleanor sought her 
apartment. She did not go to sleep at once, 
but laid awake a long time, thinking. "I 
rather like Mr. Evans, although he does look 
so scientific," she thought. "He seems to 
look right through me as if he knew just 
what I was thinking about; but still there is 
something fascinating about him." In the 
morning when she got up, Frank and Old 
Bill had been gone three hours; Mr. Evans 
had not gone, but was busily writing in the 
corner. When he heard her step he turned 
and said, "Good morning; you are rising 
quite early." 

"Early for civilization, but not early here, 
evidently," she responded with a smile that 
made Lewis Evans forget his glacial theory 
for a month. After she had finished her 
breakfast, he looked up and said, "I am 
going across the pond in my canoe; would 
you like to go? It is a pleasant, warm morn- 
ing, with no wind." 

" Thank you, I should love to. It will be 
tiresome around here, and then I want to get 
used to woods-life." In a short time she 
emerged, dressed in a light brown suit with 
a short skirt, and gaiters to match. "I think 
my bicycle suit is just the thing for these 
trips in the woods." 

" But yours is almost too pretty to run 
the risk of being torn by the sharp bushes 
and thorns." 

" It is stout cloth and will not tear easily." 
"Do you paddle at all?" " Oh, yes, I have 
been in a canoe quite a lot, and I enjoy it 
very much." She took up a paddle, but he 
said, " Please don't paddle ; I want to talk 
with you, and if you paddle you will be fac- 
ing the other way, so I cannot. I don't care 



a cent about talking to any one when I can't 
see their face. It is like talking to one of 
those trees on the bank." 

" Oh, indeed, don't you think I am more 
interesting than one of those trees?" 

"Now, don't let us get to quarreling so 
early in the day, but you know I have not 
seen a woman's face for a month." 

"I thought that all you scientific men do 
not care for women or their society." 

"Oh, we care for them, but we leave them 
alone just like anything else that interferes 
with our work. James says, ' The philosopher 
and lady-killer cannot keep house together 
in the same tenement of clay.' " 

" The idea ! " she answered spiritedly. " Do 
you think that woman's mind is so shallow 
that she has no logic or philosophy?" 

" No, but I think the tendency of woman's 
mind is not to talk or think on such sub- 
jects. Man thinks altogether too much on 
the opposite sex. If he keeps away from 
them he will not think about them so much. 
'All choice starts on the same psychologic 
level,' hence that selection which is strongest 
has been developed. There is no real need 
of a man giving so large a share of his 
thought to the opposite sex unless he culti- 
vates them and their society. Now so-called 
society is a bad thing ; it keeps the philoso- 
pher from stern and deep thought." 

"Don't you think it does a person good 
to get away from himself, once in a while ? " 

"No, I think the philosopher who wants 
to obtain the best insight and purest judg- 
ment should be a recluse from society in 
general." 

"I think a man who shuts himself up is 
more likely to become so narrow as to lose 
all judgment." 

"No, a man who has mastered psychology 
and physiology and metaphysics in general, 
after he has observed human nature of all 
kinds and applied the rules of these sciences 



156 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



to his observations, can get an almost spirit- 
ual insight into his own and other people's 
character and minds." 

"Did any one ever get such an insight?" 

"Yes, there are some mind-readers who 
possess it naturally in a slight degree, and I 
know two very scholarly men who have 
trained themselves, and bent every energy to 
that one purpose, so that they have a remark- 
able faculty of judging and reading people. 
I will tell you that I wish to reach that 
great goal, and am in my observing stage 
now. After I get through this stage, good- 
bye society and pleasure." 

"My gracious! if you are applying the 
laws of psychology to everything I do and 
say, I shall be very quiet when you are 
around." 

" You are so interesting that I forget all 
about my laws," said Lewis truthfully, " and 
there comes in the harm of woman's society^." 

"You spoil one pretty speech by an ugly 
one," she said, poutingly. 

"I supplement one truth by another," 
with a smile. 

They had reached the shore, and Lewis 
said, " Will you go on the ridge with me or 
stay here ? " Eleanor wanted to be severe, 
so she said, " I will paddle along the shore, 
and wait for you." 

She paddled a little, then brought the 
canoe ashore and grounded it. She sat on 
the canoe cushion against the thwart, and 
gazed over the water. She felt rather lonely, 
due, she thought, to the solitude and un- 
broken forest. She was not used to serious 
thinking at all, but as she looked over the 
water, she had an undefined feeling of sad- 
ness, of dissatisfaction. She thought Mr. 
Evans a very queer man, but withal, ex- 
tremely agreeable. But why should his old 
scientific theories make her blue? 

On their return the wind had come up, 
so she took a paddle to keep the canoe up to 
the wind. Directly after dinner Lewis took 



his gun and went out. He wanted to think. 
He could decipher his feelings enough to see 
that this girl was making no ordinary impres- 
sion on him. He had resolved not to marry, 
but to devote himself wholly to science, and 
work out, if possible, some of the great meta- 
physical problems. Here he was on the verge 
of falling in love. Two more days would 
complete his geological studies in this region. 
Then he would leave. Having decided this 
he thought he had settled the question, but 
he, like many another, had 3 r et to learn the 
force of love's assertions. When he got back 
to camp, Frank and Old Bill had returned 
with a deer, which they were skinning in 
front of the tent. Eleanor was watching 
them intently. 

The next day he started off to the foot 
of the lake to be gone all day. Eleanor 
remained around the camp, and Frank, who 
noticed her lack of spirits, said exultingly, 
"Didn't I tell }'ou so? I knew you would 
be homesick. You don't find the professor 
very interesting, do you?" 

"I am not homesick, only thoughtful. 
Great trees and the wind sighing through 
them make any one serious." 

"Mr. Evans is enough to make any one 
serious and thoughtful with his heathenish 
ideas and notions." 

"Mr. Evans is very interesting. I like 
to hear him talk immensely, and he is so 
polite and thoughtful." Frank looked at her 
rather strangely, but went out, saying 
nothing more. 

Lewis had fully intended leaving as soon 
as his observations were finished. When the 
day came that he was to leave the girl he 
was becoming so much attached to, he hesi- 
tated, and was lost. He said to himself as 
if apologizing, " Oh, well, I might as well 
stay a while longer. I have got to leave all 
this foolishness soon enough any way; I 
might as well enjoy a few days. It is all in 
a life-time." 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



157 



For the next week they were in each 
other's company constantly. Frank saw how 
things were going, but he thought it only an 
innocent flirtation. Every clay Lewis and 
Eleanor went either fishing, hunting, or 
canoeing together. As the two poles of a 
battery placed near together ever increase 
their own charges by induction, so these 
two beings so much together, imperceptibly 
increased each their love for the other. 

One day Lewis went to Norcross with 
Old Bill. Frank went over to a camp on 
Pumadumcook. Eleanor was left at the 
camp alone. She felt so lonely and dreary 
that after dinner she took her gun and went 
out. She had been out only a short time 
when she saw a deer. She fired at it, but it 
only leaped into the air and kept on running. 
She started after it, following by the trail of 
blood which it left behind. Down over the 
ridge into a swamp she followed it; across 
this, up another ridge and down into a thick 
evergreen growth. Here the poor wounded 
creature fell down, weak and exhausted. 
When Eleanor came up and saw the frantic 
efforts it made to regaiu its feet, her eyes 
filled with tears, and she felt the greatest 
remorse for killing such a lovely creature, 
and hastened to put it out of its misery. 
This done she felt for her compass to go to 
the camp, to await help to bring back the 
deer. She felt in both her pockets, but it 
was not there. She had lost it in her wild 
chase through the forest. Then she came to 
realize that she was lost in the wild woods 
of Maine ; the nearest town twenty miles 
away through unbroken forests. She had 
never had such a feeling of despair in all 
her life. In her pursuit of the deer she had 
followed devious windings, and the chances 
of her taking the right direction were twenty 
to one against her. The only thing to do 
was to remain still and fire her gun at inter- 
vals. Old Bill, Frank, and Lewis would look 
for her as soon as they found that she did 



not come home by dark. She had a heavy 
hunting-knife that Lewis had let her take, 
and then there was the deer, so she need 
not starve. She could cut a few boughs to 
rest on, and make a fire to keep warm. 

Lewis and Old Bill came back about five, 
and Frank a few minutes later. "The gal's 
gone out fer a shot," said Old Bill. "She 
had no business to go alone that way. It is 
crawlin' on towards night, and not a sign of 
her. These gals are too reckless these days," 
with a shake of his head. 

"I tell you, your sister is lost," said 
Lewis to Frank. 

"I'm afraid you're right: we must look 
for her." 

Just then Old Bill came out and said, 
"The gal has lost her bearin's; we've got 
to trail her out." 

"Which way had we better go?" said 
Frank. 

" Wal, you go down that way, I follow 
straight out, and Mr. Evans, you go toward 
the south shore of Ambogeges. Fire your 
gun every hundred rods." Lewis ran to get 
his gun, and as he ran, he realized the depth 
of his love for her, now that she was lost. 
His anxiety and suspense as he thought what 
might happen to her was maddening; it 
seemed to spread over all his consciousness 
like fire over a forest. He went along slowly 
at first, until his eyes should get accustomed 
to the growing darkness, then he started on 
the trail, dodging the tree trunks and 
branches. He fired his gun frequently, but 
all the response he got was the hoot of an 
owl or other night creature. He heard the 
guns of his comrades, but no shot following 
them as if in answer. He was now in a 
swamp where the thickness of the small 
brush made him go slower. He lighted a 
match to look at his compass. He was 
headed all right. He fired his gun, and a 
half minute after there was a faint shot from 
the right. He felt a thrill through every 



158 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



muscle, for he knew that Old Bill and Frank 
were to the left of him. He fired again; 
again a little later came the answer. He 
started headlong in the direction from whence 
it came. A projecting root caught him by 
the feet and threw him headlong, but he 
clambered to his feet and pushed on. After 
he had gone a quarter of a mile he was out 
of breath, and stopping, he fired his gun. 
This time the answer was distinctly nearer, 
and the echo and re-echo were not so great. 
He judged the distance to be about a mile. 
As he advanced he fired his gun, and every 
time the answer resounded louder and 
clearer. It seemed to him in his eagerness, 
that he had never made haste so slowly. 
What if it was not Eleanor? He could not 
bear the thought; but anyway it was some 
one lost. He stopped again to get his 
breath, and this time he shouted with all his 
lung power. His cry sounded like the shriek 
of a steam engine in the stillness and gloom, 
and he strained every nerve waiting for a 
reply. Nearer than he expected came what 
he was listening for, the sound of a woman's 
voice. Not waiting for more he dove into 
the underbrush and pushed forward. Over 
rotten logs and through the underbrush he 
rushed, only stopping to get his breath and 
shout. The second time he paused in his 
mad course he shouted, " Eleanor ! " A hun- 
dred yards in front of him came the reply, 
" Right here!" and a moment later the form 
he knew so well stepped out of the gloom 
in front of him. His first impulse was to 
rush up and put his arms around her, but he 
restrained himself and said, "Thank God, I 
have found you! Are you all tired out?" 

" I knew that Frank and Old Bill would 
hunt me up, but am sorry that you took so 
much trouble, but I lost my compass," said 
Eleanor, her sweet voice trembling a little 
with emotion. This speech was much like a 
heavy frost on a tender plant; it completely 
wilted him for the moment, but then his 



well-controlled mind recovered its balance, 
and he said, "That was most unkind to 
think that I would count it a hardship to 
hunt for you. A man would do as much as 
that for his sheep. But come, let us get to 
the camp. You are a little lame," as she 
started. 

"Yes, I turned my ankle on a fallen tree, 

but it is only a slight injury ; I can go alone 

all right," as Evans hastened to assist her. 

"Now do not be foolish, put your arm on 

my shoulder, and I will support you." 

She felt the man's strong power, and 
could not resist. " I shot a deer back there," 
she said in a weak, exultant voice. 

"You did well, but we came near losing 
a dear." 

"I know this is rather romantic, but do 
not be sentimental. Listen, while I tell you 
how I happened to get lost." She related 
the details, but Lewis only heard half of 
them, so busy was his mind with its own 
thoughts. He was walking through space, 
he did not mind the logs and bushes, — did 
he not have his arm around the woman he 
loved? He forgot all his theories of love 
and matrimony. He unconsciously drew her 
closer, so exhilarating was the very touch 
of her hand. When she resisted gently it 
brought him to himself. She soon finished 
her story, but he was silent. His love for 
Eleanor had taken possession of his well- 
furrowed brain, like a flooded river over 
plowed land. Noticing his silence she said 
in a sympathetic voice, " You are tired, too." 

"Tired, too! " How sweet that sounded 
to his ears; they had something in common. 
"Yes, tired in mind and body, both." 

" You worked hard to-day on your theo- 
ries and calculations?" 

" Oh, bother theories ! I have gone back 
on all my theories and principles ; I have 
fallen in love," he said, in a desperate voice. 
So schooled was this society girl to repress 
all emotion that she said in a hard, clear 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



159 



voice, "The object of your love ought to 
appreciate your sacrifice." 

"Oh, Eleanor, don't you know to whom 
all my heart's love is given ? " These words 
broke passionately from his lips, and he 
brought her face to face with him. "Darling, 
say you care for me a little." The hot blood 
mounted to her head as she looked into his 
eyes with eyes that answered him, and with 
a happy sigh she threw her arms around 
his neck, and murmured, "My Love!" 

Professor Lewis Evans has become a very 
famous scientist and psychologist, but there 
is one thing he does not try to explain, i. e., 
why " the interest in the opposite sex, arising 
as it does from the same psychological level 
with other interests, is so much stronger." 



Bowdoir? ^0P§e. 

The Lesson of the Seconds. 

Late I sat before the fire, 

In my room in Wintbrop Hall, 
With no sound to break the stillness 

Save the clock upon the wall, 
Which, with ceaseless tick-tick- ticking, 

Ever seemed to say to me, 
As it counted off the seconds, 

"These make up eternity." 

Then I fell into a dreaming, 

And I thought of days of yore, 
When the manly forms of others 

Bowdoin's halls were thronging o'er; 
Men who, in old Bowdoin's childhood, 

Were but boys as gay as we, 
And we feel they still are with us, 

Though they're in eternity. 

I started up. " For us," then thought I, 

"Here's a precept grand and true — 
Life is short; waste not the moments, 

For there's work for us to do. 
Then, when in the distant future 

Other classes here shall be, 
They shall know our work and bless us, 

Though we're in eternity." 



Ariadne. 

Brave Theseus, a youth of surpassing conceit, 
Once came, runs the legeud, to Minos of Crete, 
And claimed in a boastful, presumptuous way, 
He could without effort the Hiuotaur slay. 

The impudent lad in war's science was skilled, 
And, strange to relate, the fierce Minotaur killed; 
But after bis victory, turning to flee, 
Was lost in the labyrinth's intricacy. 

Ariadne, the daughter of Minos of Crete, 
Was vastly amazed at this wonderful feat, 
And, moved by compassion, the fair damsel led 
The youth from the mazes by means of a thread. 

So joyful was Theseus once more to be free, 
From Crete he agreed with the maiden to flee; 
They hie to the island of Naxos in fright — 
There, while the maid slept, Theseus fled in the 
night. 

Ariadne awoke to wail and to sigh; 
Her lover had left her in sorrow to die ; 
And gazing afar o'er the wide, surging deep, 
With passion and anguish the damsel would weep. 

While she was moaning the loss of her lover, 
Fortune caused Bacchus her plight to discover, 
And, knowing her lips with sweet kisses were rife, 
He wooed the fair maiden and made her his wife. 

When closed are Olympian portals by night, 
And mortals deprived of Apollo's gold light, 
If the heavens above no lowering cloud mars, 
Ariadne's bright crown gleams clear 'mid the stars. 



A Slight Mistake. 

" Oh ! Polly, you are hard on me," 

The Junior sadly cried. 
"Though I spent two hours with you last night, 

This morn I nearly 'died.' " 

( We smile upon his sad distress ; 

A love-sick boy, say we. 
But wait ! he speaks of her again ; 

Let's see who it may be.) 

"Yes, Polly, I've made up my mind 

To let you slide," he said. 
( " They've quarreled," we whisper to ourselves, 
And shake our knowing head.) 

" You're the hardest course I have this year." 
The romance is all gone. 
For we thought he spoke of some tender maid, 
While 'twas only of "Pol. Econ." 



160 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Evening. 

'Phi Chi" uow tolls the knell of parting day, 
The howling mob winds slowly o'er the lea, 
The Freshman thinks of home and tries to pray, 
As Sophs, without, sing so hilariously. 



To My Lady. 

[From the German of Eichendorff.] 

If I walk in shady places 

In the valley's cool retreat, 

Or on mountain-side's steep faces, 

My lady, queen of graces, 

A thousand times I'll greet. 

Within my garden find I 
Sweet flowers, choice and rare, 
From them sweet garlands wind I, 
And with them sweet thoughts bind I 
Of thee, my lady fair. 

I may not give them to thee, 
Our lots are far apart. 
My flowers withered I shall see, 
But deepest love for thee will be 
Eternal in my heart. 

All saddening thoughts forsaking, 
I work on, strong and brave, 
And though my heart be breaking 
I'll dig, nor mind its aching, 
Until I dig my grave. 




The '97 Bugle board is get- 
ting down to business. Elliott, 
A A $, is editor-in-chief, and Sawyer, 
non-fraternity, is business manager. 
The other members of the board are 
Andros, * T; Varrell, A K E; Randall, 
z *; Fitz, 6AX; Condon, AT; Hewett, K 2. 
Why not have a fall tennis tournament? 
The devotees of tennis still cling to the courts. 
There are 23 students in college who hail from 
Portland. 

The leaves have left, and signs of snow are not 
uncommon. 



Hatch, '97, is confined to his room with an 
injured foot. 

Double windows are being put on many of the 
dormitory rooms. 

Professor Chapman addressed the college Y. M. 
C. A. last Sunday afternoon. 

E. K. Hall, Dartmouth, '92, was the guest of 
friends in college over Sunday. 

Rev. C. L. Merriman of Lowell addressed the 
students in chapel last Sunday. 

Condon, '97, has been ringing the chapel bell 
during the absence of Gilpatric, '96. 

Clough, '96, has been selected to preside over 
the chapel organ for the present year. 

The annual college catalogue will be issued very 
soon, a week or two earlier than usual. 

Plans for the Thanksgiving recess are already 
being made, especially by the Freshmen. 

T. H. Soule of Freeport, formerly of Colby, '98, 
has entered college as a special student. 

Several Seniors have been doing considerable 
work in out-of-door photography recently. 

A large number of students attended the recent 
State Convention of the Y. M. C. A. at Bath. 

At a special meeting of the Boating Association, 
Saturday, Baker, '96, was elected commodore. 

E. F. Pratt, '97, has been elected foot-ball sec- 
retary and treasurer in place of Warren, '97, 
resigned. 

Next week there will be two games heTe : Bos- 
ton Combination, Wednesday, and Boston Univer- 
sity, Saturday. 

Halloween is due, and doubtless the usual 
amount of Sophomorie deviltry will accompany its 
celebration on the campus. 

The members of 9 A X enjoyed a trip to Free- 
port in barges last Thursday evening, and partook 
of a supper at the Gem Cottage. 

All regret exceedingly that Warren, '97, has 
decided to leave college. He has entered the Col- 
lege of Physicians and Surgeons, New York. 

Thompson, '97, and Hamleu and Lynch, '98, 
went up to the z -t initiation at Colby, and were 
also present later at the banquet in Augusta. 

Fort Fairfield has twelve sons and daughters in 
Maine colleges. Fort Fairfield believes in raising 
something besides potatoes. — Kennebec Journal. 

The Portland Club, the Hare and Hounds Club, 
and the proposed Temperance Club have made the 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



161 



birth-rate of clubs sufficiently high, especially since 
they all belong to the same week in formation. 

Bowdoin's strong man, Godfrey, '99, and his 
record-breaking feats of strength have been written 
up at length lately in the Maine and Boston papers. 

Gilpatric, '96, went to Greencastle, Ind., last 
week to attend the aunual convention of the A T 
Fraternity, which was held with DePauw University. 

Fairbanks, '95, was on the campus last Fri- 
day, on his way to Mississippi, where he will coach, 
for six weeks, the State University foot-ball team. 

Bass and Minot, '96, Russell, '97, Hills and Gard- 
ner, '98, and Briggs, Marston, and Nason, '99, at- 
tended the initiation of Colby Chapter of A K B, 
October 15th. 

President Hyde and Professor Robinson will 
represent Bowdoin at the meeting of representatives 
of New England colleges, to be held in Hanover, 
N. H., next week. 

The Lincoln County News recently published 
the following little story which all readers of the 
Orient will appreciate : 

Eli Perkins, in his Waldoboro lecture, said he 
met an old man on the Kuox & Lincoln. 

"He was so old," said Eli, "that I called him 
father. His white hair waved in the wind." 

" Father," I said, how long have you lived in 
Maine?" 

"My son," he said, "I have lived in this State 
86 years — " and then the tears came into his eyes 
as he continued, "Yes, 86 years, and I've spent 48 
years of that time in Brunswick w-a-i-t-i-n-g f-o-r 
t-r-a-i-n-s." 

The Freshman Class has elected the following 
officers: President, Woodbury; Vice-President, 
Moulton ; Secretary and Treasurer, L. L. Cleaves. 
The class has selected crimson and white as its 
colors. 

The Freshmen have been trying hard to arrange 
a game with the Colby Freshmen, but the latter 
will not play. '97 and '98, as Freshmen, had games 
with the Colby Freshmen, and it is hoped the 
custom can be kept up. 

Chief Justice Peters was at the station for some 
time a week ago Tuesday, waiting between trains. 
While here he expressed the opinion to some one 
that Reed would be the Republican candidate for 
President in 1896. 

At a meeting of the General Athletic Associa- 
tion, last Saturday, the followiug officers were 
elected: President, White, '97; Vice-President, 
Sawyer, '97 ; Secretary and Treasurer, Lynch, '98 ; 
Manager, Morse, '97 ; Captain, Home, '97. 



The Sophomores and Freshmen in the V. M. C. A. 
have adopted, as a manual, James McConaughy's 
"Outline Studies in the Life of Christ." This is 
sure to be a very interesting course, and it will be 
more so in proportion as a greater number take 
hold of it. 

The old sun-dial, that for scores of years did 
duty on the stone post in front of Massachusetts, 
has been again put in position there, and the boys 
devote considerable time in studying how to tell 
time by it. It is quite a curiosity, and has an inter- 
esting history. The post is exactly in the latitude 
43° 53'. 

A recent dispatch from Washington announces 
that Frank A. Thompson of Round Pond, Me., 
Bowdoin, '97, has been appointed to the West Point 
Military Academy, with J. M. Haskell of Newcastle, 
Me., Bowdoin, '96, as alternate. These two re- 
ceived the highest rank at the examination in 
Lewiston last spring. 

George F. Sanglier, present organist of the 
Congress Square Church, Portland, proposes organ- 
izing a choral society at Brunswick, besides giving 
private lessons in music. Mr. Sanglier already has 
a number of scholars in music at Bowdoin and 
would like others. He is here twice a week and 
has a studio in the Y. M. C. A. building in Bath. 

Professor Houghton gave a talk on " The Re- 
ligions of Japan," a week ago last Sunday afternoon, 
in the Y. M. C. A. room. It was designed to con- 
tinue his account commenced last spring. Nothing 
could be more interesting to the students at large 
than this information, coming as it does from one 
who is so thoroughly acquainted with everything 
pertaining to that country. 

About a score of ambitious long-distance run- 
ners met at 16 A. H. on the evening of October 21st 
and organized the Bowdoin Hare and Hounds Club. 
Bass, '96, was made president, and Bass, Andrews, 
and Dane an executive committee. Each Wednes- 
day and Saturday afternoon long runs across the 
country are on the programme, and the club is sure 
to grow in membership and popularity. 

This is the heart of autumn. It is getting easier 
to study as the weather grows cooler, and from now 
on to Thanksgiving there will not be so much to 
distract attention as there has been so far. So, now, 
it behooves most of us to commence to make up 
for time wasted, while the few faithful " pluggers " 
would do well to bring the color to their pale cheeks 
by long excursions on the silent steed, or for those 
who prefer rather more violent, though hardly less 



162 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



fascinating exercise, by joining tbe Bowdoin hounds 
in some of their semi-weekly runs. 

The students in college, who either attended 
the Portland High School or who live in Portland, 
have formed a social club, to be known as the 
Portland Club of Bowdoin. All the members, 
twenty-three in number, are very enthusiastic over 
their new organization, and doubtless the students 
from other cities may form similar clubs. This club 
will promote a feeling of good-fellowship among 
Portland's sons, aud it is entirely without class or 
fraternity distinction, as all classes and all frater- 
nities are represented. The officers are : President, 
H. EL Pierce, '96; Secretary, Chase Eastman, '96; 
Treasurer, W. W. Lawrence, '98 ; Executive Com- 
mittee, W. W. Robinson, '96, P. W. Davis, '97, H. 
H. Hamilton, '98. The members are: '96— East- 
man, Pierce, Robinson; '97— Davis, Cook, Gribbeu; 
'98— Baxter, Dana, Blake, Ives, Merrill, Webster, 
Lawrence, Gould, Hamilton, Pierce, Verrill ; '99— 
Dana, Webster, Thompson, Moulton, Sinkinson, 
Hadlock. . 

Not for years has there been so much sport and 
excitement on the old Bowdoin campus as there 
was Thursday evening The college boys had the 
fun, while the whole town went wild with excite- 
ment and apprehension that the college was in 
danger of total destruction. It all happened in 
this way. The scores of maples and elms that 
cover the big campus are now bare of their leaves, 
which have covered the ground in golden and 
brown drifts. Thursday afternoon, just before six, 
a few students, tired of work over their books, 
thought of a brilliant scheme which promised, with 
the aid of these dry leaves, to furnish oceans of 
fun and wake up things in general. Forth they 
sallied from their rooms and applied a few lighted 
matches to the leaves thickly covering the grouud, 
between Winthrop and Massachusetts Halls. The 
Are quickly spread, and in a few moments burst 
into flames that mounted high. The wide campus 
paths on all sides prevented the possibility that the 
fire could do any serious damage, but the great 
mass of leaves furnished a truly splendid confla- 
gration, and it was a handsome sight. The wild 
cry of "Fire!" was raised by a score of voices, and 
250 students came rushing from their rooms to take 
it all in. Some one started wildly ringing the 
chapel bell, and this and the loud cries being heard 
down town, the alarm was given there and the 
town bell joined in the chorus, ordering out the fire 
department. The flames were burning over an 



acre, making the whole campus light as midday, 
and, reflecting on the buildings and sky, gave the 
impression for miles around that an immense con- 
flagration was raging and that the whole college 
was one seething holocaust. The whole town was 
in an uproar. All the bells and whistles kept 
sounding the alarm, and the whole population 
rushed toward the campus, where the students were 
all standing around the burning leaves, alternately 
screaming with laughter and yelling "Fire ! Fire ! " 
The Faculty were early on the scene and tried to 
enjoy the joke. The climax came wheu the hose 
companies and the hook and ladder trucks came 
dashing upon the campus. There was violent pro- 
fanity from some of the firemen and the multitude 
of " yaggers" who followed in their wake, but most 
took it very good-naturedly and declared it was the 
best "sell" and "leg-pull " known in the history of 
the college. In ten minutes the Are was no more 
and darkness reigned over the campus. The fire- 
men and towns-people departed ; the students, 
after cheering the firemen and passing them a vote 
of thanks, went with laughter and song towards 
their clubs for supper, and the bells and whistles 
ceased their music. There was nothing, after all, 
very "funny" in it, except to the college boys, but 
to them the occasion was a merry one. 



/?t¥ e ti®S- 



FOOT-BALL. 

Bowdoin Picked Eleven, 18; Lincoln Academy, 0. 

On Saturday, October 19th, a picked eleven, 
composed for the most part of North Maine foot-ball 
enthusiasts, went to Newcastle and defeated the 
Lincoln Academy team by the score of 18 to 0. 
The academy has a good eleven and the game was 
well played. Coggan kicked the three goals. Fol- 
lowing is the line-up of the Bowdoin eleven : Welsh, 
center ; Thompson and Kelley, guards ; Hatch and 
Oakes, tackles; Coggan aud Wilson, ends; Mcln- 
ty re, quarterback ; Haskell and Home, halfbacks; 
Baker, fullback. 

Boiodoin, '99, 16 ; Bath High School, 0. 
An eleven from the Freshman Class went to 
Bath, October 19th, and defeated the High School 
team of that city by a score of 16 to 0. Clark and 
Fairfield did most of the work for the Freshmen, 
the latter's run of 60 yards with perfect interference 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



163 



being a feature. Quite a crowd went down with 
the eleven. The '99 boys lined up as follows : 
Shields, center; Cram and Jennings, guards; Lan- 
cey and Albee, tackles; Hadlock and Haskell, 
ends; Randall, quarterback; Clark and L. L. 
Cleaves, halfbacks; Fairfield, fullback. 

Bowdoin, 36; Exeter, 0. 

Bowdoiu's third game of the season was played 
with Exeter at Exeter, Wednesday, October 23d, 
resulting in a most satisfactory victory by the score 
of 36 to 0. It was Bowdoin's game at every point, 
and though the Exeter team was our equal in 
weight, it was greatly outclassed in playing. Yet 
Exeter played a plucky game— its best, so its sup- 
porters said, of the season. It had very few chances 
to rush the ball, and could gain absolutely nothing 
through Bowdoin's line or around its end. All the 
Bowdoin backs did magnificent work, and their 
long runs, amid superb interference, were the 
features of the game. Exeter was powerless to 
stop the Bowdoin backs when they were once fairly 
started. The Exeter center was firm, but its ends 
and backs were not at all in the same class with 
the Maine boys. Each Bowdoin man played a hard 
game, full of life and snap, and got into every play. 
Eastman, for the first time in a 'Varsity game, did 
finely at guard. 

Exeter won the toss, and Stanwood kicked off 
30 yards. Exeter punted it back 25 yards. Bow- 
doin set the ball in motion, big gains were made, 
and Stanwood, in just two and one-half minutes, 
dashed round right end for the first touchdown and 
then kicked the goal. The ball was again put into 
play, and Stanwood did the same thing over again. 
Murphy made the third touchdown, three minutes 
later, and Stanwood kicked the third goal. Before 
time was called for the end of the first half, Mc- 
Millan's fine sprinting added one more touchdown 
to the list, but Stauwood failed to kick the goal. 

McMillan scored the first touchdown of the 
second half almost as soon as the ball was put into 
play, and Stanwood kicked the goal. Warren 
scored the next touchdown with ease ; Stanwood 
failed to kick goal. There were three minutes 
more left to play, and McMillan made the last touch- 
down. Warren kicked the goal, ending the game. 
Two of Exeter's most valuable men were crippled, 
Scaunell and Gibbons, and Zimmerman took Scan- 
uell's place and Williams replaced Gibbons. Both 
these men played a very good game. The line-up 
was : 



Bowdoin. 




Stearns. 


Left End. 


Murphy. 


Left Tackle. 


Bates. 


Left Guard. 


Stone. 


Center. 


Eastman. 


Right Guard. 


Spear. 


Eight Tackle. 


Libby. 


Right End. 


Moulton. 


Quarterback. 


Stanwood. ) 
McMillan. J 


Halfbacks. 


Warren. 


Fullback. 



Phillips Exeter. 
Evans. 
Higbee. 
Peyton. 
Kasson. 
$ Scannell. 
/ Zimmerman. 
Connor. 
Haggerty. 
Stevenson. 
I Bottger. 
( Whitcomb. 
J Williams. 
( Gibbon. 

Score— Bowdoin 36, Exeter 0. Touchdowns — Stan- 
wood 2, McMillan 3, Warren, Murphy. Goals from touch- 
downs— Stanwood 3, Warren. Umpire— Winsor. Referee- 
Ross. Linesman— Pendleton. Time — 40m. Attendance 

300. 

Bowdoin, 5 ; Colby, O. 

Bowdoin's first game on the home grounds was 
played Saturday, October 26th, with Colby as the 
opposing team. It was generally expected that 
Colby would prove as easy a victim as in former 
years, and that the usual large score would be run 
up against her. But Colby's eleven this year is 
much stronger than any that has ever represented 
that college before, and the rush Hue is the heaviest 
that Bowdoin has run up against for some time. 
It was a contest between science and beef, and 
science won, but by a small margin. The five points 
earned early in the first half by a goal from the 
field, handsomely kicked by Stanwood, represented 
Bowdoin's total score, and it was certainly not a 
victory that caused any feeling of great elation 
here. The choice of last year's rules was the secret 
of Colby's good showing. With eight or nine men 
back of the line, they pounded away all the game 
through the Bowdoin center, for short but sure 
gains. Their great superiority in weight made the 
odds enormous against our light team, but by mag- 
nificent work Bowdoin held them every time when 
the goal was in danger. Great credit is due the 
Bowdoin team for keeping Colby from thus scoring, 
but on the other hand Bowdoin has no excuse for 
not making the score greater. Several times the 
ball was lost by fumbles when it had been forced 
by end runs close to the Colby goal, and touchdown 
seemed certain. Our interference was not so good 
as usual, and long gains were few. It was the most 
exciting contest ever seen on our delta. 

Bowdoin had the ball on the kick-off and Stan- 
wood kicked to Colby's 10-yard liue, Patersou secur- 
ing the ball and making a good gain before he was 
downed. Colby lost the ball on downs, and Bow- 



164 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



doin by a series of round the end plays carried the 
ball to the five-yard line, where the ball was lost 
on a fumble by Moulton. Colby punted, Stanwood 
failed to catch the ball, and Brooks of Colby fell on 
it in the center of the field. 

After several good gains had been made through 
Bowdoin's line Colby was held for four downs. 
Failing to gain the requisite five yards in three 
downs, Stanwood dropped back as though to 
punt, but instead dashed around Colby's right end 
and sprinted thirty yards before being downed. 
Good gains through the line were made by Murphy 
and Warren, a run for fifteen yards around the right 
end by McMillan, and Bowdoin again had the ball 
on Colby's five-yard line, where it was lost again 
on a fumble. Bowdoin had now lost two good 
chances to score, and her supporters were disap- 
pointed. 

Colby forced the ball back to the 35-yard line, 
when it went to Bowdoin on downs. Stanwood 
dropped back to try for a goal from the field. The 
ball was way over on the right-hand edge of the 
field, and the try for a goal was a difficult one, but 
Stanwood was equal to the occasion, and kicked a 
beautiful goal, scoring five points for Bowdoin, the 
only ones made during the game. 

It looked as though Bowdoin would add to its 
score iu the second half, as splendid gains were 
made around the ends by McMillan and Kendall, 
but the ball was fumbled at critical times, and 
Bowdoin could not score. Bowdoin men' look for a 
larger score when the teams next meet at Water- 
ville, November 14th. The line-up : 
Bowdoin. Colby. 

Libby. Left End. Shannon. 

Murphy. Left Tackle. Putnam. 

Bates. Left Guard. Brooks. 

Stone. Center. Hamilton. 

French. Bight Guard. Thompson. 

Spear. Right Tackle. Chapman. 

Stearus. Right End. Pike. 

Moulton. Quarterback. Watkins. 

McMillan, i 

Stanwood. > Halfbacks. 

Kendall. ) 
"Warren. Fullback. Holmes 

Score — Bowdoin 5. Goals from field — Stanwood 
Umpire — Clark of Colby. Referee — Ward of Bowdoin 
Linesman— Coggan of Bowdoin. Time— 20-m. halves. 



Paterson. 
Alden. 



There are from J, 500 to 2,000 American students 
in France. 

A fine observatory is being constructed for the 
University of Pennsylvania. 




'37.— Dr. Francis William 
Upham, the well-known 
Biblical student and author, died at 
' his home, No. 44 West Thirty-Fifth 
Street, New York, October 17th. He had 
had a stroke of paralysis in January, 1894, 
and had been confined by ill-health to the house, 
and most of the time to his room, ever since. The 
Eev. Dr. Charles H. Parkhurst conducted the 
funeral, assisted by the Rev. Cyrus Hamlin. Ser- 
vices were also held at Mount Auburn Cemetery, 
Boston, where the burial took place. Dr. Upham 
was a member of a well-known Massachusetts 
family, which had given six members as officers to 
the Continental Army during the Revolution. His 
father, Nathaniel Upham, served three successive 
terms in Congress as a Representative from New 
Hampshire. Of Dr. Upham's brothers, one was a 
Judge of the Supreme Court of New Hampshire 
and a United States Commissioner in London, and 
another, Albert Gallatin Upham, Bowdoin, '40, 
a well-known professor. Dr. Upham was born in 
Rochester, N. H., on September 10, 1817. He re- 
ceived a preparatory education at Phillips Exeter 
Academy, afterward entering Bowdoin College 
when he was only fourteen years old. After being 
graduated from Bowdoin in the Class of '37, Dr. 
Upham studied law iu Boston, and was there ad- 
mitted to the bar on proposal by Rufus Choate. 
He became a member of a well-known law firm 
there. However, after a few years' practice of law 
he became deeply interested in the defence of the 
Bible against what has been called "the higher 
criticism," and devoted the rest of his life to study- 
ing in the original tongue and publishing works 
defensive of holy writ. Dr. Upham had lived in 
New York more than thirty-five years, devoting 
his entire time to his valuable works. He had 
traveled in Palestine and elsewhere abroad, aud he 
was a member of the Victoria Institute, Londou, 
Eng. In politics he was a Republican. He be- 
longed to the Congregational church, although he 
attended Dr. Parkhurst's church. A widow, who 
was a daughter of the late Isaac C. Kendall, sur- 
vives him. Dr. Upham's published works include 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



165 



"The Debate Between Church and Science," "The 
Star of Our Lord," "Thoughts on the Holy Gospels," 
"St. Matthew's Witness," and "The First Words 
from God." Dr. Upham received the degree of 
LL.D. from Union College in 1869. His work, 
"The Debate Between Church and Science," was 
published anonymously in support of Professor 
Tayler Lewis's " Six Days of Creation." Professor 
Lewis, " disappointed and saddened by the attack 
which nominal brethren had made on him," as some 
one said, found suddenly an unknown defender, 
who appeared as the champion of one who had not 
asked his aid, and without fee or reward, against 
the distinguished critics of Professor Lewis's book. 
Dr. Dpham's work was highly praised by critics and 
students, and the North American Review called 
it "an important and remarkable book." 

72. — Hon. George M. Seiders was Maine's rep- 
resentative speaker at the meeting of the Lincoln 
Republican Club in Boston, October 17th. 

'82.— On Monday evening, October 21st, Arthur 
G. Staples and Miss Jane Lambert Dingley were 
united in marriage in Lewiston. The bride is the 
daughter of Frank L. Dingley, '61, now editor of 
the Leiviston Journal. Mr. Staples has been for 
ten years past the city editor of the Leiviston Jour- 
nal, and is one of the ablest and best kuown news- 
paper writers in Maine. During his Senior year in 
Bowdoin he was at the head of the Orient board. 
Mr. and Mrs. Staples left the city on the midnight 
train for a tour to Atlanta, Washington, etc. They 
will be at home at No. 220 College Street, Lewiston, 
after December 1st. Cards are out for a reception 
in City Hall, November 18th. 

'91.— Dr. Ralph H. Hunt, one of the most brill- 
iant of Baugor's young men, has been appointed 
assistant surgeon at the National Soldiers' Home at 
Togus. 

'92.— Thomas R. Nichols, who, after leaving 
college, took a post-graduate course at the Clark 
University, Worcester, Mass., is now Professor of 
Mathematics in the University of Wisconsin, Madi- 
son, Wis. 

'9,'}.— Milton S. Clifford, who for something less 
than a year has" been editor and part owner of the 
Daily News of Bangor, has left that paper. Mr. 
Clifford will resume the study of law in the office 
of General Henry L. Mitchell in Bangor, and will 
later apply for admission to the Penobscot Bar. 

'94.— The many friends of Ralph P. Plaisted will 
regret to learn that he is ill with typhoid fever at 
the home of his father, ex-Governor H. M. Plaisted, 
at Bangor. 



'94.— W. W. Thomas, 2d, son of Elias Thomas, 
Esq., will spend the winter in California, at Palo 
Alto, where he will study law in the Leland Stan- 
ford University. 

'95.— John G. W. Knowlton is studying medicine 
in the Harvard Medical School. 

'95.— Alonzo W. Morelon is principal of Bridge 
Academy, Dresden, Me. 




Very Rocky. 
" Did you ever," said the fair young thing, 

As they gazed on the star-lit heavens, 
" Did yon ever stand at night 
On a rocky bluff — " " You're right," 
Said he, " I've stood on a pair of sevens." 
The Tale Law School has organized a new 
debating club, called the WaylandClub. It will be 
run in co-operation with the Kent Club, and only 
members of the Kent Club will be eligible to the 
Wayland. 

The Senior Class of Brown has petitioned the 
Faculty to abolish term examinations. 

The large cities of the country are thus repre- 
sented in the Class of '99 at Yale : 

ACAD. SHEFF. 

New York, 30 14 

New Haven, 28 8 

Chicago, 17 9 

Brooklyn, 17 4 

Hartford, 6 10 

Cleveland, 10 2 

Buffalo, 7 4 

Cincinnati, 7 l 

St. Louis, 7 

Philadelphia, 1 i 

Boston, 1 

Columbia College has entered upon its one hun- 
dred and forty-second year with an attendance 
considerably larger than last year. Among the 
appointments to the Faculty are James R. Wheeler, 
University of Vermont, as Professor of Greek ; 
John B. Clark, Amherst, as Professor of Political 
Economy. 



166 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



The Chicago papers are giving a good deal of 
room now to descriptions of Chicago University's 
eleven, calling it everything from "excellent team" 
to "best in the West," according to the enthusiasm 
and affiliations of the correspondents. 
The Fad Follower. 
I've followed the fads of the day, 
But none seem to come to stay; 
The new woman's position soon will be 
In the rear with Napoleon and Trilby, 
So tired, wearied, sore, and perplexed, 
I'm watching and waiting for what's coming next. 
— The Lafayette. 
Through the recent efforts of a former North- 
western University professor, graduates from col- 
leges of good standing in America are now to be 
admitted to French institutions simply upon pre- 
sentation of diplomas or credentials. 



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impairing the flavor or aroma. The boxes 
containing this blend have the word "MILD" 
printed across the top. The original blend 
remains unchanged. 

A two ounce trial package by mail, postpaid, for 25 cents. 

MARBURG BROS. 

The American Tobacco Co., Successor, 

BALTIMORE, MD. 



THE FISK TEACHERS' AGENCIES, 
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Los Angeles. Agency Manual Free. 

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^GENTS WANTED to take orders at home or travel; 
also Book Agents wanted for liberal terms. Address 

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WE MAKE A SPECIALTY OF 

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Address all orders to the 

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BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, NOVEMBER 13, 1895. 



Vol. XXV. 



No. 9. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 

PUBLISHED EVERT ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY DURING 
THE COLLEGIATE YEAR BY THE STUDENTS OF 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE. 



EDITORIAL BOARD. 

J. C. Minot, '96, Editor-in-Chief. 

C. W. Marston, '96, Assistant Editor-in-Chief. 

H. R. Blodgett, '96, Business Manager. 

G. T. Ordway, '96. H. H. Pierce, '96. 

H. Gilfatric, '96. R. S. Hagar, '97. 

P. P. Baxter, '98. T. L. Marble, '98. 

C. C. Smith, '98. 

Per annum, in advance $2.00. 

Single Copies, 15 Cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Manager. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Manager. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Editor-in-Chief. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
Mteraryarticles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
lie wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Bowdoin Verse Department should be 
sent to Box 1155, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should be sent to Box 1091, Brunswick, Me. 

lintered at the Post-OBce at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 

Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston. 

CONTENTS. 

Vol. XXV., No. 9.— November 13, 1895. 

Editorial Notes 167 

Delta Upsilon Convention 170 

Meeting of the Boston Alumni, 170 

A Bold Move, 171 

Life in a Lumber Camp, 172 

Bowdoin Verse : 

Hallowe'en, 174 

The Gates of Horn 174 

Jubilee Ode, 174 

Collegii Tabula, 175 

Athletics, 177 

Y. M. C. A., 178 

Personal, 179 

In Memoriam, 180 

Book Reviews, 181 

College World, 181 




d another foot-ball sea- 
son will be ended. Thus far we have much 
to be proud of in the record of our eleven, 
and we are confident the closing games will 
bring it additional glory. All regret exceed- 
ingly that so many games have been canceled 
by our opponents this fall. Over half a 
dozen have thus been lost after arrangements 
were fully made. Bowdoin has not canceled 
a single game, but the teams with whom we 
have had dates have had, in too many cases, 
very little of that sportsmanlike spirit and 
sense of honor that forbids them to cancel a 
date unless for some better reason than to 
escape a defeat or accept a better offer else- 
where. It is very exasperating to be treated 
as we have thus been treated in several 
cases this season, and it not only tends to 
dampen the ardor of the players and their 
supporters, but also seriously handicaps the 
management in its finances. It would be 
well if bonds were given when games were 
arranged, and then managers would not be 
so free and easy in throwing up games on 
little or no pretext. If all our games had 
been played as arranged our list of victories 
would have been much longer, and the season 
a very much more successful one in every 
respect. We have now to our credit four 
victories, one tie, and one defeat. May the 
last games be the best ones, with the team 



168 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



representing old Bowdoin working as it never 
worked before to maintain its unquestioned 
superiority over any other teams Maine can 
produce, and to prove its right to a place in 
the front rank of American colleges in this 
great national college sport. 



TT7HE recently issued catalogue of Bowdoin 
-1 College for the year 1895-6 shows the 
largest enrollment of students in the history 
of the institution. The total of 363 is 
divided as follows : Medical 120, Seniors 45, 
Juniors 61, Sophomores 60, Freshmen 64, 
specials 13. The session of the School of 
Science, last summer, receives brief mention, 
and the names of its students are given sepa- 
rately. Most teachers and many scholars will 
turn first to the statement of the require- 
ments for the new courses leading to the 
degrees of B.L. and B.S. In place of Greek, 
which still remains, however, a required 
study for all candidates for the degree of 
A.B., the graduates of our high schools and 
academies may offer any one of four substi- 
tutes, French, German, Physics and Ad- 
vanced Mathematics, Chemistry and Ad- 
vanced Mathematics. The old complaint 
that the course to and through the small 
colleges was so stereotyped that no scope 
was allowed for the natural bent of a bright 
boy's mind, surely can not apply to Bow- 
doin with this four-fold way of entrance, 
and numberless combinations of courses 
after entrance. 



TITHE present term is witnessing an unusual 
A and somewhat alarming amount of willful 
and wanton destruction of college property. 
There have been no flagrant outbreaks, as 
has been the case oftentimes in former years, 
but the thoughtless aud those who go on the 
rampage for fun have been industriously 
making up for any deficiency in that line, as 



is shown by the recent "scrap" in the college 
library. The average of repairs will be need- 
lessly high ; for one item over a thousand panes 
of glass have been broken since the opening 
of the college year, not to mention the doors 
that have been replaced. This destruction 
of property should be stopped, not only 
because it is wasteful but because the senti- 
ment of the student body is against it. The 
only way in which it will cease is by each 
student at Bowdoin taking hold of his own 
case and confining the expenditure of his 
surplus energy to less fragile things than 
glass and human handiwork. We are gov- 
erned by ourselves and form a small republic, 
as it were, whose regulations take it for 
granted that its members will act as gentle- 
men and as such will need but few arbitrary 
" thou-shalt-not " commands. To this lack 
of prohibitory regulations and to the fact 
that the pecuniary penalty falls on all equally, 
so that in truth the breaking in of a door or 
a scrap in a college building costs any one 
student but a trifling sum, is due the present 
careless handling of property. As one of 
Bowdoin's professors has suggested, it would 
almost seem that the average collegian sailed 
under two codes of honor. The ensign of 
the one he displa}'s at home ; on the campus 
or among his mates he flaunts the other, the 
less honorable one. It is true that the change 
from the controlling influences of home to 
the almost entire freedom of college life is 
somewhat apt to make a youth careless of 
his deeds, but sooner or later, in college or 
out, all will learn that liberty is not the 
pleasure of the individual, but the welfare 
of the whole. Every Bowdoin man is proud 
of his college and of her campus aud build- 
ings, and under ordinary circumstances zeal- 
ous for their good condition. But we have 
our moments of thoughtlessness, when our 
only aim is boisterous fun, and then property 
suffers. We only need to be on our guard 
against such moments to prevent the re- 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



169 



currence of what might well be styled an 
epidemic of destructiveness. 



117 HE issue of The Dartmouth for November 
•*■ '1st, has a two-column editorial on the 
recent Dartmouth-Bowdoin foot-ball diffi- 
culty which is interesting reading for Bow- 
doin men. It is an ample and satisfactory 
explanation of the position of Dartmouth, a 
full acknowledgment that their position was 
wrong, and a straightforward and honorable 
apology to Bowdoin. It claims the Dart- 
mouth manager misrepresented the whole 
matter to the student body and led them to 
take an entirely wrong step. Following is 
the full text of the editorial in The Dart- 
mouth, and the Orient heartily joins the 
writer in hoping that the pleasant old rela- 
tions between the two colleges be quickly 
restored, and a friendship established that 
shall not be easily severed. 

The resolutions passed in Old Chapel last 
week to the effect "that Bowdoin owes Dart- 
mouth a return foot-ball game, and if this 
game is not granted this fall, no foot-ball 
games will be played with her for two years," 
are greatly to be regretted. The resolutions 
in question were ill-considered and hastily 
passed. They were not discussed and the 
foot-ball management was extremely unwise 
in asking for their immediate acceptance. 
None knew before the meeting that they 
were to be presented, and all were conse- 
quently unprepared for taking final action. 
The resolutions were totally uncalled for, 
and if there had been occasion for them the 
proper course would have been to have them 
read and then laid on the table for a week 
of consideration. If those who voted in 
favor of their acceptance had been given the 
opportunity to exercise full thought and 
deliberate judgment, the measure would not 
have passed. If Bowdoin had been in the 
wrong, as a full knowledge of the facts shows 
she was not, it was a weak and puerile act 
for Dartmouth to refuse to play her for two 
years because some imaginary promise had 



been broken. The trouble arose from the 
Bowdoin-Exeter game of October 23d. Both 
Bowdoin and Dartmouth agreed on October 
16th as the date of the return game, but 
our management claims that a subsequent 
arrangement was made with Bowdoin by 
which Bowdoin should play us the 23d in- 
stead of the 16th, to afford our team an 
opportunity to play Yale on the last named 
date. Our management asserted still further 
that Bowdoin having agreed to play us the 
23d, canceled the game for some reason, and 
gave the date to Exeter. On the other hand 
Bowdoin claimed that she made no agree- 
ment to play here the 23d and that the date 
had been previously assigned to Exeter. 
The statements made by us witli reference 
to our sister college were unjust, and after a 
careful consideration of the evidence appear 
manifestly in the wrong. Brunswick papers 
and the college journals of Bowdoin have 
for a long time assigned the date of October 
23d to Exeter, and this clearly proves that 
Bowdoin did not give the game to Exeter at 
the last moment for fear of facing our team. 
Taking these facts into view, the conclusion 
is that the game here with Bowdoin on the 
16th was canceled through financial motives 
by our management in order to play Yale, 
and that it trusted to luck that Bowdoin 
would cancel the game with Exeter on the 
23d and play us at that time. Further, three 
days previous to the 23d, our management 
sent a telegram to Bowdoin stating, "Dart- 
mouth will not play Bowdoin in base-ball or 
foot-ball if you do not play return game 
Wednesday." There was no occasion for 
the telegram, and the management had not 
authority to forbid playing without the vote 
of the college. The purport of the tele- 
gram was the same as that of the resolution 
passed three days following, but the neces- 
sary formal action by the student body had 
not been taken. Dartmouth is clearly in 
error in this matter, and it remains for the 
foot-ball management which has caused the 
severing of the friendship between Bowdoin 
and Dartmouth, to restore the old relations 
and make amends for the wrong done. The 
resolutions should be reconsidered at the 
next meeting in Old Chapel, then the real 
judgment of the college may be expressed." 



170 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Delta Upsilon Convention. 

TT7HE sixty-first annual convention of the 
*• Delta Upsilon Fraternity was held with 
the DePauw Chapter at Greencastle, IncL, 
October 24th and 25th. 

The Eastern delegation was the last to 
reach Indianapolis, where the delegates from 
different directions had been collecting dur- 
ing the day and evening of the 23d. At 
about midnight the delegates boarded the 
train and after an hour's ride reached Green- 
castle, where they were warmly welcomed 
and escorted to the hotels by members of 
the DePauw Chapter. 

The first day of the convention was 
occupied with the chapter reports and the 
usual routine of business. 

At 7.30 p.m., the public exercises were 
held at the Christian Church, Greencastle. 
The fraternity history was given by George 
F. Andrews, Brown, '92, and an able oration 
on "Liberal Education in Life " was delivered 
by Charles R. Williams, Rochester, '75. At 
the close of these exercises a reception was 
tendered the delegates by the DePauw Chap- 
ter at its rooms. A pleasant evening was 
passed in the society of the charming co-eds 
of DePauw. 

Friday was occupied with business. Rep- 
resentatives of local societies in Leland Stan- 
ford, Jr., University, University of Cali- 
fornia, and Wesleyan University presented 
petitions to the convention for charters of 
Delta Upsilon Fraternity to be granted 
them. The petitions from Leland Stanford 
and University of California were granted. 

At 3.30 p.m., the convention adjourned 
and the delegates took the train for Indian- 
apolis, where a call was made on Governor 
Matthews at the State House. At 6.30 p.m. 
supper was served at the Bates House, and 
at 8 p.m. a theatre party was formed. Through 
the kindness of the Indiana Alumni Asso- 
ciation a beautiful fraternity monogram, 
lighted with gold and blue electric lamps, 



had been suspended in front of the curtain 
in the Grand Opera House. A still greater 
surprise greeted the party when the prima- 
donna came upon the stage wearing the 
"gold and blue." 

The banquet was held at the Denison 
House, Judge Sherman of Chicago, Middle- 
bury, '60, presiding as toast-master. Re- 
sponses were made by H. C. Johnson, Swarth- 
more, '96, M. G. Weatherby, Colgate, '90, 
Joseph Congdon, Tufts, '96, and several 
others. 

On the outward trip the Eastern dele- 
gates were entertained at Cleveland by the 
Adelbert Chapter. The Garfield monument 
was visited, after which a lunch was served 
by the Chapter. 

Niagara Falls was one of the places visited 
on the return trip. Here the Bowdoin dele- 
gate not only had the pleasure of studying 
the geological formation of this natural won- 
der, but he also had the privilege of seeing 
how man has "harnessed Niagara." H. Gil- 
patric, '96, represented the Bowdoin chapter. 



Meeting of the Boston Alumni. 

0N Saturday, November 2d, at the Copley 
Square Hotel in Boston, was held the 
second regular monthly dinner of the Boston 
alumni. The occasion was of special inter- 
est on account of the presence of Manager 
Ordway and several members of the foot-ball 
team, who had stopped over from the game 
with B. A. A. the day previous. Our Boston 
alumni have shown a great interest in under- 
graduate work, and their meetings are always 
most pleasant and social. G. R. Swasey, 
Esq., '75, is President of their organization, 
and G. S. Berry, '86, Secretary and Treasurer. 
The following Bowdoin men were present: 
Col. Henry Stone, '52; John G. Stetson, '54; 
S. W. Harmon, '65; S. B. Carter, '66; E. O. 
Howard, '74; W. E. Hatch, '75; G.R. Swasey, 
'75; S. W. Whitmore, '75 ; W. G. Waitt, '76; 
Dr. John W. Achorn, '79 ; E. C. Burbank, '80 ; 






BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



171 



L. B. Folsom,'85; J. F. Libby, '85; G. S. 
Berry, '86; E. E. Rideout, '86; E. F. Conant, 
'90 ; VV. H. Greeley, '90 ; A. S. Ridley, '90 ; 
E. N. Coding, '91; E. H. Newbegin,'91; H, 
DeF. Smith, '91; H. W. Poore, '92; E. B. 
Young, '92; C. C. Bucknam, '93 ; W. P. 
Chamberlain, '93; A. M. Jones, '93; H. E. 
Andrews, '94 ; F. W. Dana, '94 ; Walter Spear, 
'94; L. C. Hatch, '95; W. M. Ingrahain, '95 ; 
J. G. W. Knowlton, '95; P. D. Smith, '95; 
G. T. Ordway, '96; Robert Newbegin, '96 ; 
H. H. Pierce, '96; W. W. Spear, '98, and 
Edward Stanwood, Jr., '98. 

After the dinner was discussed and cigars 
were lighted, the undergraduates who were 
present were called on, and all said a few 
words thanking the Boston alumni for their 
interest in the college, especially as shown 
by their efforts to procure the foot-ball team 
good coaching. Among the alumni who 
spoke were Col. Stone, Mr. Stetson, Mr. Har- 
mon, Mr. W. E. Hatch, Mr. Berry, Mr. Cod- 
ing, and Mr. Ingrahain. Satisfaction with 
the work of the team was expressed, and it 
was hoped the showing for the remainder of 
the season would be up to that of the first 
half. The meeting was adjourned at 10 
o'clock, after a most pleasant evening. The 
next dinner will be held at the Copley 
Square, December 7th. 



A Bold Move. 
1I7HE following story has at least one 
A merit — it is true. It was told me by a 
friend who knew the characters, and with a 
few changes in places and names, is substan- 
tially as I heard it. 

Phil Sheldon was an employee in the 
baggage department of an important New 
England railroad station. It was his proud 
boast that he had reached the age of twenty- 
five without ever having seen a girl attractive 
enough to make his heart beat any faster 
than usual. One morning, as he was idly 
standing in the baggage-room, he heard a 



pleasant voice at his elbow saying, " Will 
you check this, please?" Phil turned and 
beheld a young lady with a sweet, winsome 
face, who, pointing to a large valise which a 
hackman had just brought in, repeated her 
request. Mechanically he punched her ticket 
and arranged her checks, thinking all the 
time that he would like to know a young 
lady like her. 

As he handed the young lady her checks 
he noticed that she carried another valise in 
her hand which was apparently quite heavy. 
Glad of a chance to prolong the interview, 
he gallantly offered to take it to the train 
for her, and, receiving a polite "thank you," 
he picked up the valise and accompanied its 
owner to the train. Phil found the lady a 
seat and spent as much time as possible 
arranging her luggage and wraps, meanwhile 
ransacking his brains for some means to see 
her again. He noticed that she wore on her 
finger a ring that apparently was rather 
loose, and it gave him an idea. Bending 
down, as if to arrange some further detail 
for her comfort, he quickly disengaged the 
ring. "Call for it when you come back," he 
said; "you know where to find me," and 
rushing out of the car he swung off just as 
the train started, leaving the astonished 
young lady whirling away to New York at 
fifty miles an hour. 

Phil went back to his work with a happy 
heart. "Say, Jim," he said to a companion,' 
" did you notice that girl that I went to the 
train with just now?" "Yes," was the reply. 
"Who brought her in?" "Hackman 23,1 
think." Phil went out to the hackmen's 
stand and, by good luck, found the man 
he sought. From him he learned that the 
young lady resided at 223 Lamartine Street. 

Delighted with his success, Phil went 
around all the morning singing "There's 
only one girl in this world for me," and at 
noon hastened to Lamartine Street and, by 
much manceuvreing and careful questioning, 



172 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



ascertained that her name was Evelyn Bur- 
gess. "Evelyn Burgess!" he exclaimed. 
" Well, I always did think Evelyn was a 
pretty name." 

" I wonder what she will do about that 
ring," was his next thought. "I may have 
gotten myself into a scrape, but 'Nothing 
venture, nothing have,' and by Jove ! if she 
isn't worth venturing a good deal for, no girl 
ever was." 

A few days afterward, he was delighted 
to see the owner of the stolen ring coming 
into the baggage-room. He hastened to 
meet her and then, for the first time, the 
full significance of what he had done came 
over him and he stood before her blushing 
and abashed. 

"Well, sir," said the young laclv, coldly, 
"will you be kind enough to return my ring?" 
"Certainly," was the reply, "but first per- 
mit me to offer an explanation." " I think 
none is necessary," the lady answered. "At 
least, if you have any explanations to make 
you can make them in the police court." 

Phil, however, pleaded so hard for a 
chance to explain, that the lady, touched by 
his distress, granted him permission to come 
that evening to her home and make any ex- 
planations he had to offer. 

About eight o'clock that evening he as- 
cended the steps of the house on Lamartine 
Street and rang the bell. He was admitted 
and conducted to the parlor, where Miss 
Burgess sat alone. " Well," she asked, " have 
you anything to say for yourself?" "Yes," 
answered Phil, "a good deal." "Miss Bur- 
gess, I have lived twenty-five years without 
having seen a young lady attractive enough 
to induce me to look twice at her. A few 
days ago I met you and my first thought 
was that I should like to know you. I felt 
that I must see you again and the thought 
came to me that if I should be unable to 
learn anything about you, I would hear from 
you through this ring, and the full signifi- 



cance of the act never occurred to me. Miss 
Burgess, I have spoken plainly but truly. 
Will you forgive me?" 

The admiration of a handsome man is 
always gratifying to a beautiful woman, and 
Evelyn Burgess, after a searching look at 
the frank, open face opposite her, granted 
pardon. 

Phil was now very humble and penitent, 
but he felt that he could not let all that had 
passed amount to nothing, and so he begged 
leave to call again. Miss Burgess, after 
much hesitation, gave her permission and 
Phil departed a happy man. 

He called on his new friend frequently 
and a mutual admiration sprang up between 
them which, later, ripened into love. They 
were married just a year from the day they 
met, and departed for New York on the same 
train which figured in their first meeting. 

After they were comfortably settled in 
their seats, Phil asked, as he pointed to the 
ring on his bride's hand, "you didn't think 
when I relieved you of your ring a year ago, 
that I would be the happy possessor of its 
owner within a year, did you?" "No," was 
the answer, "but oh, Phil, Fin very glad you 
stole that ring." 



Life in a Lumber Camp. 

IN the latter part of the winter of 1891, I 
accepted the invitation of a friend, a sur- 
veyor, to spend a few days in one of the 
lumber camps of northern Maine. A ride 
of some fifty miles through the snow-drifts, 
which characterize that region in winter, 
brought us to the camp. We were about 
an hour early for supper, and this hour I 
occupied in becoming acquainted with the 
cook, a jovial, good-natured fellow, fairly 
bubbling over with fun ; he wore a neat 
apron of thick, white cloth, which was his 
only resemblance to the cooks in our kitch- 
ens in town. 

As we sat by the fire, devouring some 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



173 



hot gingerbread given us by the cook, the 
crew began to come in. Two or three at a 
time they entered, and some of the best built 
men I ever saw were among them; some 
with axes over their shoulders, others carry- 
ing jackets on their arms, and all hungry as 
bears. Soon the cook announced supper, 
and every man of them did justice to the 
meal. After supper all returned to the 
sleeping and smoking room, to talk, sing, 
play cards — and right here let me state that 
in that and the numerous subsequent visits 
I have made to lumber camps, I never saw 
any card-playing after nine o'clock. 

During the first evening in camp, I made 
the acquaintance of the "boys." One can- 
not help getting acquainted in a lumber 
camp; you go into camp to-day, and by to- 
morrow night you know nearly every man 
in the crew. There was Bob Wilson, a 
stout, well-built fellow, who could cut more 
timber in a day than any two of the others. 
A better-hearted, more generous fellow I 
never saw. Then there was Ned Hand, who 
could play "pitch" like a fiend; Alf Curtis, 
a first-rate singer; John Norton, who played 
the banjo; besides two dozen other jolly 
good fellows, known as "Bill," "Jim," 
"Fon," etc. By bed-time I knew nearly all 
of them by name, and I retired with the 
feeling that homesickness in that camp was 
out of the question. 

At five in the morning the stentorian 
voice of the cook exhorted everybody to 
"t-tj-r-k-n a-a-a-w-t." This action was 
followed by breakfast, after which the team- 
sters went to the hovel to "hitch up" the 
horses, while the choppers, with shouldered 
axes, started for the woods. 

One night, as we sat about the fire, a 
squirrel ran across the floor to a corner, and 
there, unmolested, sat up and ate a morsel of 
food which he had found. Upon inquiry, 
I learned that it is considered promotive of 



bad luck to kill or injure a squirrel or a 
weasel in camp. 

One or two evenings were spent in trials 
of skill and strength; and such jumping, 
wrestling, boxing, and other athletic feats 
as were exhibited on the floor of that camp, 
would have done credit to our very best 
athletes in Bowdoin. Men who had worked 
hard all day performed tricks which would 
have graced a circus 'ring. 

Sunday was spent in various ways by the 
various men ; some slept, others whittled, 
and a few (for I saw them) read in their 
Bibles. Quite a number had gone home to 
spend the Sabbath. Monday morning all 
were ready for work again, and all boasted 
of the work they would do before Saturday. 

Tuesday afternoon, as I was standing in 
front of the camp, I glanced towards the 
woods, and saw one of the teams coming 
slowly down the road, and the greater part 
of the crew following it. As they came up 
to the camp I saw somebody stretched out 
upon the sled. Upon asking I learned that 
during the afternoon, Bob Wilson and Bill 
Dunn had been chopping side by side. Bob 
had cut a deep scarf in one side of a tree, and 
had gone around to chop on the other side. 
At the second blow of the ax the tree 
slipped from the stump, falling toward Bill. 
Bob shouted to warn Bill, but, seeing that 
his friend had not time to get out of the way 
he had leaped to the tree to try to change 
the direction of its fall ; as he did so, the 
tree had fallen, a huge branch striking him 
upon the head, and Bob Wilson was no 
more. 

They laid him tended)', even reverently, 
on one of the berths, and, as they stood 
around his lifeless body, great tears rolled 
down the cheeks of those rough lumbermen, 
not one of whom but could remember some 
favor, some act of kindness, shown him by 
Bob Wilson. Poor, big-hearted, generous 



174 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Bob. As honest Bill Dunn told of his 
friend's sacrifice, his eyes glistened, his 
voice trembled, and at last the great fellow 
broke down and wept like a child. And as 
one after another spoke of instances of Bob's 
generosity, there was not a dry eye in the 
camp. And now Bob, everybody's friend, 
nobody's enemy, was taken from us. His 
body was sent to his home in Vermont, and 
a note despatched to his poor widow, with 
instructions to buy the best casket to be 
found in town, "at the expense of the boys." 
" Gold was not too good for our Bob." 

That evening, and for the remainder of 
my visit, there was no card playing, no light 
songs or stories. Poor Bob's fate had sad- 
dened all our hearts. 

When I left the camp to return home, I 
carried with me the thought that, if the 
people of our large manufacturing towns 
could visit the "boys" in camp, could have 
seen how tenderly poor Bob's remains were 
cared for, they would not then take such a 
pessimistic view in regard to the " drunken, 
carousing toughs," as they are pleased to 
call them, whom we see in town every spring, 
after the logging season is over. In the woods, 
they are as sober, good-natured, kind-hearted 
fellows as one could wish to meet ; and it is 
the drink they get in our cultured (?) towns 
which transforms some of them into the 
demons we occasionally see. 



Bowdoir? ^)ep§0. 



Hallowe'en. 

Wild, unearthly sounds we hear, 
And grotesque phantoms weird appear; 
In sportive mirth the elfins play, 
And Mystery o'er earth holds sway 

On Hallowe'en. 

'Neath sylvan boughs a maid I greet 
With soft caresses, tender, sweet ; 



I hold her in my strong embrace, 
And gently raise her glowing face 

On Hallowe'en. 

With fear I strive a boon to ask — 
'Tis but an unavailing task — 
I plainly read with vast surprise 
My answer in her laughing eyes 

On Hallowe'en. 

Let love be crushed by hope and fear, 
Let future days be dark and drear, 
Let hearts be filled with sad regret, 
At such a time can I forget 

That Hallowe'en? 



The Gates of Horn. 

Ont of the gates of horn 
Come, O dreams, to-night, 
And fill, till the rosy morn, 
The hours with sweet delight. 

Bring of the past to me 
All that was happy there; 
Let me of the future see 
All that is bright and fair. 

Open, ye gates of horn, 
Sprinkling the seas of night 
With sparkling visions, born 
Of sweetness and of light. 

Jubilee Ode. 

October 31, 1895. 
Fling the news the world around 
On the wind that hurries by; 
Raise the anthem till the sound 
Scatters all the clouds on high. 
Ring, O bells ! and whistles, blow ! 
Join, all men, our jubilee! 
Make the mighty message go 
Over every laud and sea. 
'Tis the news for which we've yearned 
Through the weary length of years, 
While our hearts in anguish burned, 
And our prayers were wet with tears. 

Fling the tidings toward the sky, 
Till the angels join the song; 
Raising loud their joyful cry 
For the news they've waited long. 
Fling the tidings deep in hell 
Till the fiends their chorus raise ; 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



175 



For this hour they waited well 

When on earth they passed their days. 

Spread the tidings everywhere, 

Till the world the truth has learned ; 

With rejoicings cleave the air — 

It has burned ! The station's burned ! 




At four o'clock, on the 
morning of Thursday, October 
31st, the old Brunswick statioD, that 
has so long existed as a disgrace to 
town and road, went up in smoke. 
Everybody is glad that the dirty, barn- 
like old structure is gone, and now there is a pros- 
pect of a more sightly and convenient station. 
The building was well insured, and doubtless the 
road, as the town and the traveling public, is glad 
it has gone. The fire caught in the restaurant 
kitchen and spread with great rapidity, so that 
nothing was saved except the baggage. Many of 
the students turned out to enjoy the sight of the 
conflagration. Had it happened on the following 
night, Hallowe'en, it is not improbable that the 
public mind would have given the credit for the 
station's destruction to Sophomoric deviltry. 

Koehan, '97, is out teaching. 

Only two weeks to Thanksgiving. 

The annual catalogue is out this week. 

True, 75, was on the campus last week. 

Dearth, '87, was on the campus over Sunday. 

Bowdoin plays both Colby and Bates this week. 

Prof. Sanglier, of Bath, has several pupils in 
college. 

President Hyde preached before the Dartmouth 
students last Sunday. 

Pendleton, '90, representing Wright & Ditson, 
was here last week. 

The Republican students were happy over the 
election returns last week. 

The Freshmen posted a foot-ball challenge for 
the Sophomores last week. 

The chess enthusiasts are anxious for the club 
to get down to its winter's business. 



The game with Brown at Providence, November 
20th, will close the foot-ball season. 

Professor H. C. Emery was obliged by illness to 
go to bis home in Ellsworth last week. 

Peakes, '96, and Drake, '98, were ushers at the 
recent Lincoln-Drake wedding in Bath. 

C. G. Fogg, '96, is occupying for a time the pulpit 
of the Topsham Congregational Church. 

The second half of the term is well under way, 
and Thanksgiving is already near at hand. 

"Going to the midnight" will not be a favorite 
occupation of the Bowdoin boys this winter. 

Sewall, '97, will return this week from a success- 
ful term as teacher of the Bristol High School. 

How much longer will our library continue to 
pack away within itself new books as fast as they 
arrive? 

Prof. Houghton delivered an interesting address 
on "Jingoism and Patriotism" in chapel Sunday 
afternoon. 

After all, there were some pleasant recollections 
connected with that old ramshackle depot at 
Brunswick. 

Mr. Hoag has been doing most successful work 
as coach of the eleven, proving an able successor to 
Mr. Mackie. 

As soon as Dr. Whittier has finished making 
physical examinations of the Freshmen he will 
examine the foot-ball players. 

The Hare and Hound Club has a good run each 
Wednesday and Saturday afternoon. Generally 
about a score enjoy the sport. 

Linscott, '97, has returned to college after an 
absence of several weeks. He has been laid up on 
account of a cut which he received. 

The first snow of the season came last week, 
thereby putting a temporary stop to tennis playing, 
which has been very popular this fall. 

Professor Houghton has been appointed Bow- 
doin's representative on the New England college 
commission regarding entrance requirements. 

The upper-classmen found themselves much mis- 
taken in thinking that the Sophomores were to hold 
their turkey supper on the evening of the 2d. 

C. S. Rich addressed the Y. M. C. A. Sunday 
afternoon, taking for his theme "The Danger of 
Training the Intellect at the Expense of the Heart." 

President Hyde and Professor Robinson went to 
Hanover, N-- H., last week as the representatives of 
Bowdoin at a meeting of the New England colleges. 



176 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



The foot-ball schedule has suffered severely 
this season, as many games have been canceled as 
played, but the canceling has not been done by 
Bowdoin, but by her opponents. 

J. C. Minot, '96, W. S. Bass, '96, and H. M. Var- 
rell, '97, have gone to Syracuse, N. Y., this week, 
to represent Theta Chapter of Delta Kappa Epsilou 
at the national convention of the fraternity. 

During the month of October 755 books were 
taken from the library, an average of about 24 
books a day. The greatest number of books taken 
out on aDy one day was 71 on the 13th. 

The speakers for the '98 Sophomore prize decla- 
mations have been elected as follows: P. P. Baxter 
H. M. Bisbee, A. L. Hunt, W. W. Lawrence, C. l! 
Lynch, T. L. Marble, H. R. Mclntyre, W. P. 
McKowu, D. R. Pennell, C. S. Petting-ill, E. E. 
Spear, and A. B. White. 

Apparatus for the manufacture of gas has been 
put in the basement of the Science Binding. 
Although lighted by electricity, much gas is used for 
laboratory purposes, and the recent failure of the 
town gas company has forced the college to 
assume the role of manufacturer. This will, how- 
ever, result in a saving of several hundred dollars 
a year to the college. 

The third themes of the term were due on Mon- 
day, the 11th, the subjects being: 

Juniors — 
I. " Gulliver's Travels " as Satire. 
II. The Naval Policy of the United States. 
III. The Sunday Newspapers. 

Sophomores— 
I. Theodore Eoosevelt as a Reformer. 
II. Is Prohibition a Success in Maine ? 
III. The Princeton Method of Preventing Cheating in 
Examinations: would it be expedient to adopt it at 
Bowdoin ? 

The following letter was circulated among the 
college students last week and caused mingled 
feelings of surprise, consternation, and amusement : 

Brunswick, Me., November 1, 1895. 

To Students of Bowdoin College loho use electric light: 

Gentlemen. — It is found that electric lamps 
and apparatus other than that installed by this 
company, have been to some extent in use in col- 
lege rooms, making it obvious that persons not in 
the employ of the company have been doing work 
that neither the college authorities or this company 
can permit, except by men skilled and responsible 
to the company for proper and safe adjustment of 
the wires and connections. Such interference with 
the system is liable to jeopardize the insurance 



protection, and in case of fire, great loss to the 
college might result, and it is constantly a source 
of annoyance to this company. In view of these 
contingencies, this company is obliged to give 
notice that in future if lamps and fixtures, other 
than those supplied and adjusted by the company, 
are found in use in college rooms, it will be com- 
pelled to decline to furnish light to such rooms or, 
perhaps, lose the privilege of having any electric 
connection with the dormitories. 

Brunswick Electric Light and Power Co. 

By H. F. Thompson, Treasurer. 

Bowdoin boys are interested in the Paderewski 
excursions to Portland next week. There will be 
two grand recitals at City Hall, Portland, Thurs- 
day evening, November 21st, and Friday matinee, 
November 22d. Evening prices, $1.00, $1.50, and 
$2.00. Matinee prices, $1.00, $1.25, and $1.50, 
including reserved seat. On sale or mailed at Stock- 
bridge's Music Store, 517 Congress Street. Half 
fare on all railroads in the State to all holding 
Paderewski tickets. Paderewski tickets must be 
bought in advance and shown to the station agents 
to get half fare. 

There have been some important additions to the 
library within the last two weeks, by gift, and in a 
greater measure than usual, by purchase. The 
French department, in particular, has been recruited 
in a very gratifying way. Among other books may 
be mentioned these : 

Historical Grammar of the French Language. Brunot. 
French Pronunciation in the 19th Century. . Lesaint. 
Dictionary of Difficulties of French. 
Sardou's French Synonyms. 
Bergerol's French Synonyms. 

French Versification Le Goffig. 

Moliere's Works. 
Racine's Works. 
Montaigne's Essays. 4 vols. 
Extracts of Voltaire's Prose. 
Voltaire's Letters. 

Tele'maque Fenelon. 

Fontaine's Fables. 

Montesqueu's Works. 2 vols. 

Daudet's " Reminiscences of a Man of Letters." 

Life of Jeanne D'Arc. 4 vols. . . . Wallon. 

Colonial France Rambaud. 

History of the Fine Arts Peyre. 

Usage du Monde; ou la Societe Moderne. 

LaBaronne Staffe. 
Joanne's Guide Books to Paris and other parts of France. 
6 vols. 

Besides the above there are books of travel in 
France at different periods. Then there are several 
volumes of criticism and history of French litera- 
ture. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



177 



Kepresentative of a great part of the English 
books received are: 
The Early Public Life of William E. Gladstone. Bobbins. 

The Story of Wagner. 2 vols Finck. 

Swinburne's Poems. 

The Poems of William Morris. . 

History of Greek Literature. . . . Jevons. 

Essays in Little Andrew Lang. 

Universal Geography. 37 vols Ee'clus. 

Birdcraft. Mabel O. Wright. 

Buchanan's Administration. . . Horatio King. 



/?t¥ e ti©S- 



FOOT-BALL. 

Boston Afhletic Association, 26 ; Bowdoin, 4. 
Our team played its fifth game November 2d, 
meeting its first defeat. The strong team of the 
Boston Athletic Association were our opponents, 
and the defeat was an honorable one, containing a 
good-sized element of consolation in the fact that 
we scored a touchdown against the same team that 
Tale was unable to score against a week before. 
The game was played in Boston, and the score was 
2(5 to 4. The grounds were very wet and slippery, 
and with their much greater weight, this gave the 
Boston men a great advantage. The Boston papers 
all spoke highly of Bowdoin's plucky fight against 
great odds. It was summed up thus: 

" Bowdoin's tactics showed the team to be a strong one, 
but the backs were so light and the field so slippery that 
whenever the heavy B. A. A. men hit the interference, 
.the man with the ball fell down. The B. A. A. had the 
same advantage on the offensive. Almost every play 
netted a good gain, not because the Bowdoin line did not 
close in, but because it was pushed down the field on the 
slippery mud." 

There was some great kicking in the game. 
Both fullbacks had their punting togs on, and 
almost every punt was long and well placed. Bert 
Waters played the game for B. A. A. Curtis made 
the star run of the game, after catching a kickoff 
in the second half. He ran 45 yards through the 
entire Bowdoin team with no interference. Libby, 
Stanwood, and McMillan did the best work for 
Bowdoin, although every man on the team was 
steady. Libby made several almost phenomenal 
tackles. Stanwood made some good runs at the 
ends. None of the backs could gain through the 
line. Bowdoin's longest gain was made on a criss- 
cross play. Bowdoin's score was made by the 
quickness of Moulton. In a fumble by B. A. A. he 



secured the ball and dashed 35 yards for a touch- 
down. The large crowd contained a goodly propor- 
tion of Bowdoin graduates and sympathizers. The 
line-up and score: 

B. A. A. Bowdoin. 

Fay. Left End. Stearns. 

B. Waters. Left Tackle. Murphy. 

Kuntz. Left Guard. Eastman. 

Russell. Center. Spear. 

y^ [ e ° yne ' } Right Guard. French. 

R. P. Waters. Right Tackle. Newbegin. 

Gould. Right End. Libby. 

Graham. Quarterback. Moulton. 

Curtis. ) TToifh^/.i ro (McMillan. 

Anthony. \ Halfbacks. j Stanw00cL 

Atherton. I p„iii,o„v = f Warren. 

Burns. j lullbacks. j Iyeg 

Score— B. A. A. 26, Bowdoin 4. Touchdowns— An- 
thony 2, B. Waters 3, Curtis, Moulton. Goals from touch- 
downs— R. Waters 2. Umpire— Mackie. Referee— Beals. 
Time— 25 minute halves. 

Bowdoin, '99, 10; Portland High School, 10. 

On Wednesday afternoon, October 30th, the 
Freshman eleven went to Portland and surprised 
their admirers by playing a tie game with the 
strong high school team of that city. It was a 
hard-played contest, and the '99 boys did themselves 
credit, Veazie, Clarke, and Fairfield doing especially 
good work. Following is the line-up and score: 
Portland. Bowdoin, '99. 

Loring. Left End. Veazie. 

Uri Left Tackle. { |^i, 

F. Allen. Left Guard. Jennings. 

Gulliver. Center. Shields. 

Welch. Right Guard. Cram. 

DeClaybrook. Right Tackle. Albee. 

Devine. Right End. Hadlock. 

Sullivan. J 
Anderson. J 
Wentworth. , 
Anderson. ] 

Griffith""' } Right Hal£backs - Cleaves. 

Underwood. Fullback. Fairfield. 

Referee — Scott Wilson. Umpire — Tom Pierce. Lines- 
man — Robert Edwards. Time of halves — 20 minutes each. 
Touchdowns— Robinson, Underwood, Fairfield, Clarke. 
Goals kicked — by Underwood and Clarke. Score — Port- 
land 10, Bowdoin, '99, 10. 

Bowdoin, 26 : Boston University , 9. 
In the rain and mud of Saturday, November 
9th, Bowdoin and Boston University met on the 
delta, and the result was a complete walk-over for 
the home team. Bowdoin used several substitutes 
and was inferior in weight, but outplayed the Bos- 
ton men at every point. Only once in the whole 



Quarterback. 
Left Halfbacks. 



Randall. 
Clarke. 



178 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



game did Bowdoin fail to gain her distance in four 
downs, and only once did she fail to prevent the 
Boston University team from gaining the five yards 
in four attempts. 

Bowdoin won the toss and took the goal, Boston 
having the kick-off. Clarke caught the ball on the 
15-yard line, and was downed after five yards' gain. 
Then Bowdoin began rushing the ball through 
tackles and around ends, until Kendall made a 
touchdown in four minutes. Warren failed of a 
goal. Clarke caught the next kick-off and on a 
double pass Kendall made twenty yards. Tackles 
and ends yielded another touchdown by Warren, 
from which Clarke kicked a goal. Stearns caught 
the next kick-off, a long one, on the 70-yard line. 
Bowdoin rushed the ball to the center and lost the 
ball. Boston failed to gain and a few minutes' 
lively play brought the ball near Boston's goal, 
where Boston held for four downs, only to fail to 
gain. Kendall made another touchdown and Clarke 
kicked goal. Score, 16 to 0. Clarke returned Bos- 
ton's kick-off, but time was called with the ball in 
the middle of the field. 

The second half was a repetition of the first, 
Kendall and Bailey making the two touchdowns for 
Bowdoin. Stetson <it quarter had several bad fum- 
bles. Bowdoin's favorite ground gainer was a triple 
play between tackle and guard and tackle and end, 
which gained every time. 

Bowdoin's line held superbly, showing great 
improvement in this respect, while the ends were 
impregnable. Warren, Kendall, Bailey, and Clarke 
never failed to gain ground steadily. For the latter 
two it was their first 'varsity game and they did 
star work. 

B. TJ. 

Murray. 

Washburn, 

Haskell. 

Hughes, 

Fleming. 

Sanborn. 

Nagle. 

Bryer- 

f Winslow' 

( Connors. 

Clarkson. 

Score: Bowdoin, 26; B. U., 0. Touchdowns, Kendall 
(3), Warren, Bailey. Goals from touchdowns, Clarke (3). 
Referee and umpire (alternate halves), Willard of Bowdoin 
and Perkins of B. V. Linesman, Coggan of Bowdoin. 
Time, 35 minutes. 

Bowdoin, '98, 6; Hebron Academy, 4. 
A picked team, mostly Sophomores, went to 
Hebron, November 9th, and defeated the academy 



Bowdoin. 




Libby. 


Left End. 


Murphy. 


Left Tackle. 


Eastham. 


Left Guard. 


Spear. 


Center. 


Stone. 


Bight Guard. 


French (Baker). 


Right Tackle 


Stearns. 


Right End. 


Moulton (Stetson). 


Quarterback. 


Warren (Bailey). ( 
Kendall. J 


Halfbacks. 


Clarke. 


Fullback. 



eleven there by the close score of 6 to 4. The '98 
boys could not take their best men, Spear, Stan- 
wood, Stetson, Kendall, Ives, Moulton, aud Mur- 
phy being required at home with the 'varsity, but 
without much practice the team put up a fairly 
good game, and coufd have made the score more 
decisive had it been necessary. The grounds were 
in the worst condition imaginable, and the ball was 
unfit for use. The academy youths showed a de- 
cided tendency to "scrap" and use unfair tactics, 
but failed to gain by such methods. The line-up 
and summary follows : 

Bowdoin '98. Hebron. 

Wilson. Right End. Bornheimer. 

Pettengill Right Tackle. Chase. 

Merrill. Right Guard. Bates. 

Hills. Center. Thompson. 

Baxter. Left Guard. Walker. 

Wiggin. Left Tackle. Abbott. 



Spear, j 
Blake. ( 


Left End. 


Johnson. 


George. 


Quarterback. 


Foster. 


Soule (Spear). 


Left Halfback. 


Newcomb. 


Stubbs. 


Right Halfback. 


Chase. 


Gould. 


Fullback. 


Shannon. 



Score: Bowdoin, '98, 6; Hebron Academy, i. Touch- 
downs, Stubbs and Bornheimer. Goal from touchdown, 
George. Referee and umpire (alternate halves), Pierce 
and Leighton. Linesman, Wheeler. Time, 35 minutes. 



THE CONVENTION AT BATH. 

For a detailed account of the convention we 
must refer to the daily papers, and, in this report, 
mostly confine ourselves to the college work. 

One noteworthy feature was the fine type of 
manhood present, as represented by such men as 
Mr. Millar of New York, Mr. Messer of Chicago, 
Mr. Garland of Portland, Mr. Jordan of Bangor, 
and many others. These men, both by their reports 
and by their own personality, showed that the 
indispensable requirement for successful Y. M. C. A. 
work is shrewd, common-sense manhood. 

Perhaps the event that gave the best idea of the 
scope of the work was Mr. Messer's stereopticon 
lecture, given in Winter Street Church. In this, 
and in his Sunday sermon, at the same church, Mr. 
Millar set forth the rapid growth of the work and 
its present extent. How it is approved and aided 
by the great financiers of the country; how it gets 
hold of the outcast; how it provides for education 
of young men of limited means who must work all 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



179 



day, but can obtain practical instruction during the 
evenings; how it is, in short, the central bureau of 
information for young men in our cities. 

Four hundred of our colleges have Y. M. C. A. 
associations. Views were given of the magnificent 
buildings of these societies, both those of the cities 
and of the colleges. Princeton is the parent of the 
college societies. An account was given of a Yale 
Freshman's experience. He had been warned to 
avoid the Y. M. C. A. by his brother, otherwise he 
would be classed among the " chumps." But on 
going out to the athletic field, he found a great part 
of the finest athletes to be these same "chumps," 
active Christian workers. Such men as Stagg and 
McClung led the field, then did grand Christian 
work. The speaker concluded that if one held, 
while in college, to the idea that the Y. M. C. A. 
was a failure, it was due to simple ignorance of 
modern progress. 

Various means for furthering the work were 
discussed. In college work the one great thing 
needful was thought to be sensible consecration. 
"Cribbers" have small influence. The relations of 
the Faculty were not discussed to any extent, 
it being apparently assumed that it is students' 
work. All attempts to give the work, either in 
college or out, a Sunday-school air were to be 
avoided. Make it manly, and have it cooperate 
with, not supersede, the church. 

At the closing service, held on Sunday evening 
in Winter Street Church, $400 was raised in eight 
minutes. The delegates formed the Y. M. C. A. 
ring around the church, joined hands and sang the 
Y. M. C. A. hymn, " Blest Be the Tie." 

Would that the whole college could have had 
the opportunity of attending the session. 




'38. — Horace Piper of 
Washington, D. C, died 
October 15, 1895. For many years 
after graduating he was principal of 
the Biddeford High School. He was a 
member of the Maine Board of Education 
and he wrote several educational text-books alone 
and associated with others. He was for some time 



until about two years ago, connected with the 
United States Civil Service. The National Univer- 
sity gave him degree of LL.B. in 1879. 

'48. — A paper on "Jonathan Edwards" was 
read by Rev. Egbert C. Smyth, D.D., Bowdoin, '48, 
president of Audover Theological Seminary, at a 
meeting of the New England Historic Geneological 
Society at Boston, November 6th. 

'50. — The Portland Club, Monday evening, No- 
vember 4th, gave a dinner to United States Sen- 
ator W. P. Frye, Bowdoin, '50, at which there was 
a large attendance. President Henry P. Cox pre- 
sided. Senator Frye spoke over an hour, discussing 
the political issues of the day and referring in com- 
plimentary and encouraging terms to the presiden- 
tial candidacy of Hon. T. B. Reed, Bowdoin, '60. 

'50.— One of the most prominent figures at the 
recent great national conference of the Unitarians 
at Washington was Professor Charles Carroll 
Everett, D.D., Bowdoin, '50, for the past quarter 
of a century professor of Theology at Harvard. 
From 1853 to 1857 Professor Everett was librarian 
of Bowdoin and filled the chair of Modern Lan- 
guages. He has won a high place in the world of 
theology and literature. 

Med., '66. — Dr. William Augustus Albee, a prom- 
inent Rockland physician, died at his home in that 
city November 2d. Dr. Albee was born in Wash- 
ington, Me., October 15, 1840. In 1862 he entered 
Colby, where he remained during his Freshman 
year. He was a member of the Xi Chapter of 
Delta Kappa Epsilon. After leaving Colby he 
entered Bowdoin Medical School, where he took the 
entire course, graduating in 1866. He then studied 
with Dr. John B. Walker of Thomaston, Bowdoin 
Medical, '47, and later took a special course in the 
College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York. 
Soon after he located in Union, where he remained 
sixteen years, and then removed to Camden, coming 
to Rockland two years ago. He was the first vice- 
president of the Maine Medical Association and a 
member of the board of medical examiners. He 
was a member of Union Lodge, F. and A. M., King- 
Solomon Chapter, Past Eminent Commander of 
Claremont Commaudery, and belonged to King 
Hiram Council, Rockland, and the order of the 
Eastern Star. He has served the Grand Com- 
mandery as Grand Junior Warden, and was Graud 
Senior Warden at the time of his death. He was 
also an Odd Fellow. He was a prominent Republi- 
can and chairman of the recent county convention. 

'70.— Hon. James A. Roberts was re-elected 
comptroller of the State of New York at last week's 



180 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



election by the overwhelming majority of over 
90,000 votes over his Democratic opponent. 

77. — Explorer Lieutenant R. E. Peary of the 
United States Navy, was expected to report for 
duty at the Brooklyn Navy Yard last week. He 
has been assigned for duty as a civil engineer in the 
department of yards and docks. 

79. — Frank Corey of Calais was drowned Octo- 
ber 26th, in a lake in Princeton, Me., while on a 
hunting expedition with a party of friends. Mr. 
Corey and the guide were crossing the lake in a 
canoe, when they were struck by a heavy wind that 
soon submerged the craft. They made a heroic 
struggle to reach the shore, but failed, and Mr. 
Corey was drowned. A rescuing party saved the 
guide, though it was two hours before he regained 
consciousness. The body of Mr. Corey was recov- 
ered the same day and was buried in Calais. Frank 
Stanwood Corey was born in Portland, January 9, 
1858, and fitted for Bowdoin in the High School of 
that city. He was a popular member of his class, 
and was one of its leaders in scholarship, having 
an oration at graduation, and being elected a mem- 
ber of $ B K. He won the Brown memorial scholar- 
ship during his course. He was a member of the 
Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity. After graduation 
he was with E. Corey & Co., a leading Portland iron 
aud steel firm. On his marriage with Miss Mary D. 
King in 1886 he became a member of the late firm 
of G. G. King & Co. of Calais. He was respected 
highly in the community as a consistent gentleman, 
honorable and upright in all his dealings, and in his 
home was a thoughtful and affectionate son, a 
devoted husband, aud kind and indulgent father. 
He will be greatly missed in social life by many 
friends. His wife and two young sous survive him. 

'87.— Ivory Hovey Robinson, principal of Wash- 
ington Academy, died of typhoid fever at his home 
in East Machias, November 4th. Professor Robin- 
son was a graduate of Bowdoin College in the Class 
of '87, and is the first of its members to pass away. 
He was born in Augusta, March 3, 1859. He fitted 
for college at Kent's Hill Seminary and the Wash- 
ington Academy. He passed his Freshman year at 
Wesleyan University, entering Bowdoin in the fall 
of 1884 as a Sophomore. He was a close, industri- 
ous student, and an earnest Christian worker. The 
oldest man in his class, he was also one whose 
influence and example were always exerted for 
noble ends. Life for him was full of serious pur- 
pose, and while he was genial and companionable, 
he wasted none of bis college opportunities. He 
was a devoted member of the Delta Kappa Epsi- 



lon fraternity. Since bis graduation from Bowdoin 
he has been the principal of the Washington Acad- 
emy at East Machias, where his work has been of 
the highest order. He married Esther Oliver 
Dwelley of East MUchias. He was an honest, ear- 
nest, manly man, who entered with his whole heart 
into whatever work he undertook. His untimely 
death, in the flower of his vigorous young man- 
hood, will be sincerely mourned by a large circle of 
friends. He fitted many young men for Bowdoin, 
and no higher tribute can be paid to his memory 
than the esteem and affection in which he was held 
by them all. 

'89.— On Wednesday, October 30th, Miss Harriet 
Madigan of Houlton, daughter of the late Hon. J. 
C. Madigan, and Mr. James L. Doherty of Spring- 
field, Mass., were united in marriage. Mr. Doherty 
is a graduate of Bowdoin, '89, and studied law in 
the office of Madigan & Madigan of Houlton, and 
then practiced his profession in Oldtown before 
removing to Springfield, Mass., last year. 

Ex-'93.— Philip E. Stanley is now serving his 
second year as Professor of the Sciences and Math- 
ematics at the Blanstou Presbyterian Academy, 
Blanston, N. J. His salary has been raised $200 
this year. He passed the summer in France and 
Switzerland and was the first American to make 
the ascent of Mt. Blanc without a guide. 

Ex-'93.— Sta.cy is doing remarkable work as 
halfback on the strong West Point eleven this fall, 
and is classed by all authorities as one of the very 
best halfbacks playing the game to-day. 

'95.— Soule is doing post-graduate work at Har- 
vard. 

'95.— F. O. Small, principal of Gould's Academy, 
read a paper, November 7th, at the meeting of the 
Somerset County Teachers' Convention. 

'95.— Fairbanks is at the University of Missis- 
sippi for six weeks coaching the foot-ball eleven. 



IN MEMORIAM. 

Haex of Theta, of Delta Kappa Epsilon, f 
November 8, 1895. $ 

Whereas, It has seemed best to our Infinite 
Father to remove from our midst our loved brother, 
Ivory Hovey Robinson, Class of '87, whose devotion 
to this fraternity played so important a part in his 
life, be it 

Resolved, That Theta Chapter of Delta Kappa 
Epsilon has lost a true and worthy member, whose 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



181 



honest, earnest, maul}' life shed luster on its name, 
and remains a noble example for us all ; and be it 

Besolved, That as an expression of our sincere 
sympathy a copy of these resolutions be sent to the 
bereaved family, and that they also be inserted in 
the Bowdoin Orient. 

C. W. Marston, 
J. G. Haines, 

E. T. MlNOTT, 

Committee for the Chapter. 



Hall of Theta, of Delta Kappa Epsilon, } 

November 8, 1895. J 

Whereas, Our Heavenly Father has seen fit to 

cut off the earthly life of our loved brother, Frank 

Stanwood Corey of the Class of 79, be it 

Resolved, That while we bow in submission to 
the Divine decree, we sincerely mourn the loss of 
one who was a loyal and worthy member of our 
fraternity, and whose life was so full of manly 
virtues and noble promise, and be it 

Besolved, That as an expression of our sympa- 
thy a copy of these resolutions be sent to the 
bereaved family, and that a copy be inserted in the 
Botvdoin Orient. 

C W. Marston, 
J. C Haines, 
E. T. Minott, 
Committee for the Chapter. 



Sook I^eviewg. 



(The Principles of Argumentation ; George 
Pierce Baker. Ginu & Co., Boston.) A book in- 
tended to arouse an interest among college students 
in this usually dry and forbidding subject. The 
method is simple; a mere concentration of attention 
upon the argumentation of every-day life, the 
avoiding of all things that border on formal logic, 
the free use of exercises whose only end is the de- 
velopment of an ability to form a just estimate of 
passing events. 

And here is where the author seemingly supplies 
a long-felt need. The power of judging the value 
of things is uncultivated among us, either in the 
class-room or in public life. Americans are too 
prone to deem that the best speech or the most 
brilliant conversation, whose sentences are witty, 



or appeal to our risibilities. Life is a joke ; the 
funnier, the truer. 

The book attempts to persuade men that the 
spirit of argumentation, that carries with it keen 
analysis, cool judgment and rhetorical skill, is good 
not only for the lawyer or the litterateur, but for 
every man whose life has the least tinge of intel- 
lectualism. 

The table of contents gives a good idea of the 
value of the hook : 1 — The Nature of Argumenta- 
tion, persuasive, rhetorical, evidential. 2 — Analysis, 
five steps. 3 — Briefs and Brief-Drawing. 4 — Read- 
ing preparatory to Argumentation. 5— Evidence — 
nature, varieties, and tests of. 6 — The Forensic. 
7— Persuasion. The mechanical work of the vol- 
ume is fully up to Ginn & Co.'s standard. 




Applied Mathematics. 

"My daughter," and his voice was stern, 

" You must set this matter right ; 

What time did the Sophomore leave, 

Who sent in his card last night? " 

" His work was pressing, father dear, 
And his love for it was great; 
He took his leave and went away 
Before a quarter of eight." 

Then a twinkle came to her bright blue eye, 
And her dimples deeper grew, 
" 'Tis surely no sin to tell him that, 
For a quarter of eight is two. 

— Lehigh Burr. 

Walter Camp is writing a foot-ball serial for a 
New York syndicate, to be published this winter. 

The annual debate between Tale and Princeton 
will take place at Princeton, on December 6th. 
The question for discussion will be: "Resolved — 
That in all matters of State legislation of a general 
character, a system of referendum should be estab- 
lished, similar to that now established in Switzer- 
land." Yale has the choice of sides. 



182 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Oh Fresh ! 
You would think from his talks, 
And the way that he walks, 
And the glance from his eye that's fine, 
And the look on his face, 
That he owned the place- 
But not so; he is just '99. 

The Harvard Daily Neivs has suspended publi- 
cation for financial reasons. 

New York City is undergoing a notable revival 
of interest in university life. All three of its lead- 
ing educational institutions — Columbia College, the 
University of the City of New York, and the Col- 
lege of the City of New York— are at the present 
time establishing themselves in new buildings, on 
new and improved sites. 





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BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, NOVEMBER 27, 1895. 



Vol. XXV. 



No. 10. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 

PUBLISHED EVERY ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY DURING 
THE COLLEGIATE YEAR BY THE STUDENTS OF 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE. 



EDITORIAL BOARD. 

J. C. Minot, '96, Editor-in-Chief. 

C. W. Marston, '96, Assistant Editor-in-Chief. 

H. R. Blodgett, '96, Business Manager. 

G. T. Ordway, '96. H. H. Pierce, '96. 

H. Gilpatric, '96. R. S. Hagar, '97. 

P. P. Baxter, '98. T. L. Marble, '98. 

C. C. Smith, '98. 



Per annum, in advance, 
Single Copies, 



. $2.00. 

15 Cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Manager. 

Itemittances should be made to the Business Manager. Com. 
munications in regard to all other matters should lie directed to 
the Editor-in-Chief. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Bowdoin Verse Department should be 
sent to Box 1155, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should be sent to Box 1091, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post-Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 

Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston. 

CONTENTS. 

Vol. XXV., No. 10.— November 27, 1895. 

Editorial Notes, 183 

Delta Kappa Epsilon Convention 185 

Obituary Resolutions, 186 

The Parable of the Battle, 187 

Peasants of Montmorency 188 

Bowdoin Verse : 

Driftwood, 191 

The Song of the Season's Close, 191 

Oh, That I Knew Where I Might Find Him ! . . 191 

Thanksgiving, 192 

Collegii Tabula, 192 

Athletics 195 

Personal, 196 

College World, 197 




This week, as usual before Thanks- 
giving, the Orient appears a day or two 
before its customary time of issue. Now for 
a few days' vacation, while we hasten in all 
directions from the old campus to the distant 
homes, where a chair awaits each at the 
Thanksgiving table. The Orient hopes 
every Bowdoin man may have a happy 
Thanksgiving week among those dearest to 
him, and that each will realize how much he 
has to be truly thankful for. We all love 
this old holiday, native to our New England 
and characteristic of it, yet now truly 
national and international, and let us do our 
part to see that it is perpetuated, and ever 
observed in the noble spirit of our ancestors. 



FOR the last two months, Bowdoin has 
been kept constantly before the public 
by its foot-ball team, and in a manner that 
must have increased its fame. But the foot- 
ball season is over. It remains for Bowdoin's 
musical organizations, its Glee Club, its 
Banjo Club, its Orchestra, to advertise her 
as an up-to-date American college, where- the 
pick of American youth are studying. In 
times past such clubs have been rather uncer- 
tain quantities, the idea that they were neces- 
sary having but little hold on Bowdoin men. 
Last year very satisfactory trips were made 
and Bowdoin's reputation for musical ability 



184 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



materially increased. This year the clubs 
are in a flourishing condition, both because of 
greater interest and because of better mate- 
rial, and there is not the shadow of a reason 
why at least one concert a week should 
be given during the winter season. The 
Orient would suggest that the first appear- 
ance of the Glee and Banjo clubs should 
occur in Brunswick, and be made the means 
of raising money for some one of our ath- 
letic interests. But, at all events, let the 
first concert be given to the college. Last 
year the clubs were not heard on the campus 
at all. The only reason given was that the 
boys were not interested. This year this is 
not so, neither was it last year. The club 
could make a good thing out of the appear- 
ance financially, and would be setting a prec- 
edent that would add to the pleasures of 
the winter term at Bowdoin. Once more, 
an extended trip during the Christmas vaca- 
tion might not be a bad idea. 



DON'T forget your college when you go 
home on a vacation, or when you are 
away from it on any trip, whatever the 
direction or business. Be just as active and 
loyal Bowdoin men as when you are on the 
campus. The people you meet will judge 
your college in great measure by you, so the 
opportunity is great and the responsibility is 
a serious one. Show your college training 
by your manly conduct. Let them see how 
much your college is doing for you by show- 
ing them how much you love your college 
and how much there is in it for you to love. 
When you visit your old fitting school say 
the right words in the right way to the 
young men who are looking forward to a 
college course. In all places and at all 
times, in your words and deeds be true to 
the old college which has honored you by 
enrolling you among her students; never 
miss an opportunity to spread her fame as 
an institution where true men are made; 



remember that anything you do to injure or 
disgrace yourself is a blot on her fair name, 
and that all you do to bring yourself honor 
adds to her glory. When away from college 
as when here let your enthusiasm be the 
active aggressive kind, showing to all that 
your loyalty to old Bowdoin is a real thing, 
a living force that is shaping your life in the 
lines of truest manhood. 



TITHE close of the foot-ball season came 
■*■ rather sooner than was expected, and 
the end was characteristic of the whole sea- 
son. Brown cancelled the game which was 
to have been played in Providence, Novem- 
ber 20th, making the seventh fully arranged 
game cancelled by our opposing teams this 
season. It was a great disappointment to 
thus lose the opportunity of playing Brown 
this fall, and this, added to the games can- 
celled by Amherst, Tufts, and other teams, 
makes a resumi of the season's work much 
less enjoyable reading than all Bowdoin men 
had hoped to find it. Of the seven games 
cancelled by our opponents, not one having 
been cancelled by us, six were outside the 
state, and five were looked upon as practi- 
cally assured victories, while the others 
would probably have been creditable defeats. 
But these games can form no part of our 
record for 1895, and we can only choke down 
the indignation which boils up when we 
think of the treatment accorded us by 
unsportsmanlike and dishonorable manage- 
ments. In spite of the keen disappointment 
all this has given us, we find the season has 
been a very successful one. With the light- 
est team in our history, composed mainly of 
new men, we have won six of the eight 
games played, tied one, and lost one. The 
best coaching a Bowdoin team ever had and 
the keen competition for positions were the 
main causes of success. The able, business- 
like management of Mr. Ordway, and the 
efficient leadership of the popular captain, 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



185 



Mr. Bates, also had much to do with this. 
Perfect harmony has reigned on the team, 
and it has had the united and enthusiastic 
support of all Bowdoin men. The season 
has been free from serious accidents. Finan- 
cially it has been a success. Two-thirds of 
the men who have played on the 'varsity 
will be here another year, and many of them 
two years more, so that the prospect in foot, 
ball was never brighter at Bowdoin than it 
is now. The summary of the season's games 
is as follows: 
October 5, . . . Bowdoin 10, Dartmouth 10. 

" 9, . . . . Bowdoin 18, Andover 10. 

" 23, Bowdoin 36, Exeter 0. 

" 26, Bowdoin 5, Colby 0. 

November 2 Bowdoin 4, B A. A. 26. 

" 9, Bowdoin 26, B. U. 0. 

" 14, Bowdoin 6, Colby 0. 

" 16, Bowdoin 22, Bates 6. 

Bowdoin has thus scored 127 points to 
her opponents' 52. 



Delta Kappa Epsilon Convention. 
JPHE forty-ninth convention of the Delta 
A Kappa Epsilon fraternity was held with 
the alumni association of central New York, 
at Syracuse, November 13, 14, and 15. 
About two hundred members of the frater- 
nity, representing thirty-one of the thirty- 
five chapters, were present at the convention 
to participate in its important business ses- 
sions, to enjoy the unbounded hospitality of 
the Syracuse brothers and citizens, and to 
join enthusiastically in having the rousing 
good time that makes up the ideal Deke 
convention. Wednesday the delegates were 
arriving from all parts of the country, the 
Pacific and Gulf States being well repre- 
sented, as well as the Lake and Atlantic 
States. The Yates Hotel was the head- 
quarters of the convention. Wednesday 
evening a reception was given the delegates 
at the magnificent house of the Century 
Club of Syracuse. About five hundred 



were present, and the young ladies of Syra- 
cuse were most cordial iu their welcome. 
The floral decorations were very elaborate, 
the crimson, gold, and blue were everywhere, 
and two large orchestras added to the enjoy- 
ment of the occasion. 

Thursday forenoon and afternoon were 
devoted to business sessions of the conven- 
tion, and at noon the convention picture 
was taken on the steps of the City Hall> 
opposite the hotel. L. B. Vaughn, Chicago 
University, '96, was chosen president of the 
convention, McCoy Fitzgerald, University of 
California, '94, vice-president, and H. H. 
Houghton, Syracuse University, '95, secre- 
tary. In the evening the public exercises 
were held in Crouse Hall, on the Syracuse 
University campus, about fifteen hundred 
being present. Judge Irving G. Vann, Yale, 
'63, presided. The poet of the evening was 
Professor J. Scott Clark of Northwestern 
University, Syracuse, '77, and the orator was 
Solon W. Stevens of Lowell, Mass., Brown, 
'58. Their efforts were very able and schol- 
arly, and were followed with much interest, 
arousing much enthusiasm among the Dekes 
who occupied the front of the hall. The 
singing and cheering were features of the 
evening. After the exercises the delegates 
and alumni adjourned to the chapter house of 
the local chapter, where a "smoker" and 
informal good time was on the programme 
until an early hour. 

By noon, Friday, all the business of the 
convention had been despatched, and the 
afternoon was given over to pleasure. A 
hundred of the delegates in tally-ho coaches 
were driven all over the beautiful city, and 
proceeded to take possession of it in their 
characteristic way. From 4 until 7 p.m. 
three of the sororities of the university, 
Alpha Phi, Gamma Phi Beta, and Kappa 
Alpha Theta, in turn received the boys at 
their respective chapter houses. After the 
cordial welcome and delightful entertain- 



186 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



ment given them at each house the delegates 
unanimously declared that co-education is a 
grand success — at Syracuse University. 

The convention closed with the banquet 
Friday evening. The nearest chapters all 
sent large delegations, and the alumni of 
central New York were out in force, all 
uniting in making it an unqualified success. 
Hon. George Ranies, Rochester, '66, was 
toast-master, and among the speakers of the 
occasion were N. B. Smith, Middlebury, '63 ; 
L. B. Vaughn, Chicago, '96; Rev. J. W. 
Webb, DePauw, '71 ; A. N. Brockway, pres- 
ident of the council, Hamilton, '57; Rev. E. 
M. Mills, Wesleyan, '72 ; J. D. Teller, Will- 
iams, '67; E. O. Kenne, Syracuse, '76; 
Floyd B. Wilson, Michigan, '71; Solon VV. 
Stevens, Brown, '58 ; J. Scott Clark, Syra- 
cuse, '77; C. Murray Rice, Columbia, '92; 
Henry N. Hyde, Yale, '95; and George Ross, 
Columbia, '96. The next convention will be 
held at Nashville, Term., in November, 1896. 
Theta Chapter was represented at Syracuse 
by J. C. Minot, '96, W. S. Bass, '96, and H. 
N. Van-ell, '97. In returning from the con- 
vention Minot took a side trip, including 
Trinity College, Wesleyan, Yale, Brown, and 
M. I. T. 



Obituary Resolutions. 

To the Editors of the Orient : 

WHEN I was in college I was a member 
of the A K Y fraternity, which is now, 
as it has always been, the best society at old 
Bowdoin. I was back on the campus this 
year at initiation, for the first time in twenty- 
three years. You remember how well our 
boys sang their songs that night? All the 
fellows of the Z <b and E hid their heads 
under the blankets in their bunks when they 
heard us. 

Pardon me for the digression. I am almost 
old enough to begin to " reminisce." If my 
son, now thirteen years old, were not a daugh- 
ter, I should surely send her to Bowdoin and 



get the A AT's to "fish" him. Again I am 
wandering. Of course I write to you with a 
purpose. But it is not so much to congratu- 
late you on the burning of the station as to 
make an offer to turn over to the college or 
to some society a collection which I made 
when I was a student under the "whispering 
pines." It is like this : 

I was secretary of the A K T — perhaps it 
will do no harm to let out that secret now, 
although I would have been hazed awfully 
before I would have revealed it then — and as 
I was rather ready with my pen — do you 
notice how the old facility hangs by me? — I 
used to be put on every committee of the 
society to draft resolutions when any member 
of the fraternity had died. It so happened 
that there were lots of deaths in my time ; 
and as we always resoluted — if I may commit 
such a neologism to paper — whenever any 
member, no matter how long ago in the dim 
distance of Bowdoin's past he might have 
graduated, departed this life — you will pres- 
ently see that I can safely employ that 
phrase — why, I have a great collection of 
obituary resolutions which ought not to go 
to waste. In order to show you how rich 
this collection is I am going to give you some 
specimens. Resolutions of this sort, you 
know, have no more variety than a quitclaim 
deed. I might say that they have no more 
sincerity or feeling than the music ground 
out by a hand-organ. When you are really 
sorry that a person has died ycm say some- 
thing about him in a natural way, and what 
you say is about him. But the society obit- 
uary resolutions are not of that class. 

Now what I did for my society was this. 
I had some blanks printed in the following 
form : 

Whereas, It has pleased in His to 

from our midst our brother, 

of the Class of ; be it therefore 

Resolved, That while we to the 



we mourn the loss, etc., 

for it is not necessary to complete the blank. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



187 



My valuable collection consists of words and 
phrases to fill the blanks. I have noticed in 
the recently published resolutions in the 
Orient that Bowdoin students are losing 
their ingenuity. They use over and over 
again, for example, "God," "The Almighty 
Father," and " Divine Providence " in the 
first blank space; "infinite mercy" and "in- 
scrutable wisdom " are almost the only phrases 
employed for the second; "remove" and 
"take" for the third, and so on. But it is 
even worse when you come to the resolu- 
tions. All the societies do is to " bow with 
submission to" or " accept with resignation " 
the "divine decree " or the "divine will." 

I am sure that Bowdoin needs my collec- 
tion. I ask nothing for it, but the satisfac- 
tion of seeing something that looks like 
variety in the expression of grief. 

Ex-Secretary of the A K Y. 



The Parable of the Battle. 
TTND it came to pass in those days that 
/*■ Captain Douglass of Bates, which is 
over against Lewiston, did journey with his 
men unto Portland, the city by the sea, to 
do battle with the valiant swine-pelt rushers 
of Bowdoin, in the land of Brunswick. And 
even as they came nigh unto the battle-field 
he spake unto his men, saying: "Verily hath 
it been said that this day we shall gain a 
great victory. Come, my brave men, follow 
me." 

And behold, as they appeared upon the 
battle-field, they saw their victims (?) before 
them. And at the third hour, or, as the 
multitude said, half-past, the two armies 
girded their shins and went forth to battle. 
Selah. 

And they of Bates did prepare to scatter 
their opponents like chaff unto the four 
winds of heaven, as it had been said by 
Crockett, the blatant prophet of the many 
wheels. For they of Bates were large and 



strong, and wist not how they could be van- 
quished by a foe so inferior in avoirdupois. 

But even as the battle raged, MacMillan 
of the land of Bowdoin, nigh unto Freeport, 
did take to himself an exceeding great hump 
and made a touchdown. And all the united 
hosts of Bates were powerless to prevent. 
But Captain Douglass did kick (not the 
ball) because no mark was made where the 
touchdown was. And the privilege of essay- 
ing a goal was denied unto Bowdoin. And 
it was so. 

Then came the two armies once more 
into the middle of the field. And it was so. 
For Kendall, who was halfback in the Bow- 
doin army, and the length of whose legs 
was forty cubits, betook himself around the 
end for much gain. And thus it was fought ; 
and the length of the half was twenty-five 
minutes. And verily, at the appointed time 
the score of Bowdoin was one-score-and-two, 
while that of Bates was two-and-twenty 
less. And in the grand stand many beautiful 
maidens, whose breasts bore white chiysan- 
themums but no guile, did clap their hands 
and rejoice. For they were well-beloved 
friends of Bowdoin. Their joy was well-nigh 
equal to that of Hoag, the Bowdoin coach, 
who was a godly man and knew his book. 
Here endeth the first half. 

" The half has never yet been told," in which 
they of Bates could do battle by daylight. 
And it was so. (For in ancient times they 
had come nigh unto scoring on Bowdoin 
by moonlight.) And Bruce, even he of great 
stature, the pride of all Bates, did fight like 
a bull. And verily, his followers did like- 
wise. And by an exceeding great accident 
they got to themselves a touchdown and a 
goal. And their heads waxed exceedingly 
large, even so that it was not possible to see 
the Bowdoin soldiers. But they were there, 
insomuch that they rushed the swine-pelt 
rapidly nigh unto the enemy's goal. And 
they that rushed were Spear " the Bowdoin 



188 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



panther," Bates the mighty captain, and other 
men whose fame has spread abroad through- 
out the land. And they that were wounded 
include French, even he of the curly locks, 
and Moulton, who has climbed to the clouds 
on his grit. 

And it was now the forty-first hour, and 
the battle closed, forsooth that the two 
armies might join the caravan which should 
take them to their respective tents in time 
for the morning meal. And each and every 
soldier of the Bowdoin army had fought a 
good fight and helped to win. For unto 
Bowdoin was a score of 22, the game, and 
the championship of Maine; while unto 
Bates was a score of 6 and the tired feeling 
that shall know no end. 

And the blatant, brazen prophet of the 
numberless wheels, whom men call Crockett, 
did soak .his head and tear his beard and 
wail in his anguish because he was again so 
dishonored and disgraced in the sight of all 
men. 



Peasants of Montmorency. 

TITHE drive fro-m the quaint old city of 
■*■ Quebec to Montmorency Falls is, perhaps, 
the most delightful in America. It is delight- 
ful, not only on account of the matchless 
scenery of mountain, plain, and river, the 
antique quaintness of the buildings along 
the way, but also and more than all, for the 
historic associations, the stirring romance, 
which consecrate every foot of the way. 

Passing through the narrow streets of the 
old fortified city, beyond the frowning bas- 
tions and gray walls which, in their venerable 
pride, seem as if they belonged to a world 
that has passed away forever, one feels the 
fair influence of the spirit of the place. For 
Quebec, of all American cities, has a romantic 
atmosphere peculiar to itself. 

A few miles out of the city, on the 
road to the beautiful Montmorency, a road, 
wrapped in what seems to be the slumberous 



neglect of some old world valley, from which 
the tide of business and travel has been turned 
into more modern ways to a small extent, 
lies Beauport, a typical French Canadian 
village, typical in its simple, loyal, and happy 
people, and typical in its long, irregular rows 
of whitewashed stone cottages, steep gable 
roofs, huge chimneys, and deep-set dormer 
windows. The parish reminds the tourist 
of Longfellow's village of Grand Pre. The 
modest and yet rich church, with graceful 
twin spires, is a by no means insignificant 
proof that here the Roman faith is held with 
a simplicity and a devotion unsurpassed in all 
the world. 

The most humble home boasts a bed of 
hollyhocks, quaint flowers that harmonize 
with the surroundings, and some of the little 
balconies where the family gathers on Sundays 
seems to blaze with blossoms. The French 
Canadian scorns modern agricultural tools, 
and carries on his little farm just as his father 
and grandfather did. The villagers all have 
small but well-cultivated farms outside the 
parish. It is a pretty sight when the pater- 
familias returns at sunset, followed by his 
fair daughters, driving the handsome Jerseys 
that are the boast of each dairy-maid. 

Loyalty to the past is a strong character- 
istic of the Canadian peasant, and many of 
the happy old grandams still wear the bright 
red caps, similar to those Cartier left among 
the village-folk on the cliffs of St. Malo, 
three centuries ago. 

If the men who claim, as one of their 
reasons why Canada should be annexed, that 
the peasants of the Dominion are living, a 
hard and hungry life and that they need the 
so-called blessings of civilization, if they 
could only look into even the poorest and 
most humble Canadian's door and carefully 
study the family inside, they would say 
without hesitation that it would be a crime 
to introduce the thirst for gold, the selfish- 
ness that accompanies Yankee civilization. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



189 



I could not resist the temptation of 
begging a bit of bread and milk at one of 
the houses of Beauport, that I might see 
within and enjoy the reaction a bit from the 
cold and selfish world without. A large, 
black Newfoundland dog, such as they use 
in winter for light draught, sniffed at me till 
he seemed satisfied of my respectability and 
then took his place beside the clumsy cradle 
which the graudam rocked as she placidly 
e and happily enjoyed her short, black pipe. 

The pretty young housewife, in her 
short, red homespun gown, bright blue 
stockings, and quaint and simple white linen 
cap, greeted me with a cordial, naive grace? 
befitting the most noble lady in the land, 
and offered me a hospitable-looking rocking- 
chair, evidently the work of her man. A 
large chest served the triple purpose of 
bureau, clothes-press, and lounge. A big 
spinning-wheel almost overawed the queer 
little sewing-machine, and madame told me 
she had a loom too. Over the four-posted 
bed were pictures of the Pope in red and 
Napoleon in blue; the fir bough tied to 
the crucifix was blessed by the good priest 
of the parish on Palm Sunday, and a bottle 
of holy water, a souvenir of the joyous 
Easter, stood on the huge mantel beside 
some rare old china and curiously-carved 
drinking mugs, for which any college student 
would give a good bit to grace his own college 
room, but which all the money in the realm 
could not buy, for they are, like many other 
ornaments of the cottage, heirlooms of the 
bride. Snow-shoes and long Norway skees 
betoken the deep snow of the long winter, 
while a handsome set of moose horns and a 
long-barreled, muzzle-loading riflle reminds 
one, that the finest sport in the world is 
right in the midst here. 

The robust, red-cheeked, marriageable 
sister of the young wife was helping the 
husband to pack the produce chest, for the 
morrow's market at Quebec, where the fair 



young maid loved to go to see the world, as 
Quebec seemed to her. "C'est jolt," she 
said, showing her beautiful white teeth. 
What a picture was this simple Acadian 
maiden as she rested from her work, her fair, 
round arms akimbo, and her hands resting 
on her gracefully-molded hips. What a tale 
of thrift, economy, and family industry that 
chest betrayed. There were several pieces 
of homespun; skeins of woolen yarn ; straw 
mats; two dozen nosegays of marigolds; a 
few pounds of maple sugar; two fat ducks; 
the cock of the flock, rebellious over his 
lost freedom; a basket of eggs, and, sus- 
pended in the well, a pail of butter. 

The habitant never hurries, never worries, 
and goes through life in a happy-go-lucky 
content, always ready to leave his work for 
a day's fishing or a fete, and he feasts and 
dances as merrily as if all the year was sun- 
shine and not over two-thirds cold winter. 

As I left the cottage the kind-faced 
parish priest, in the simple yet eloquent garb 
of his church, came down the single street 
of the village. He generously bestowed his 
smiles and bows, and often stopped to chat 
with the mothers as they sat spinning and 
gossiping in their wide doorways. The chil- 
dren ran out and kissed the ring on his 
finger and he blessed them. The priest, in 
these odd little parishes, is the one person — 
the ruling power, in his gentle way, to whom 
all disputes and all matters for advice are 
brought. 

I was very graciously invited to enter 
the dreamy old church, guarded by oratories 
where devotees count their beads in the vesper 
hour, when the parish bell peals out the soft 
and comforting chimes of the Angelus. 

The peace-maker of the village I found 
to be a very interesting old chap. The 
crown of his head and his round, happy face 
were cleanly shaven. He had been to the 
States several times and was graduated at 
Leval University. Incidentally I asked him 



190 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



his opinion on the annexation question. At 
first the faintest shadow of a frown crossed 
his face and then was chased away by a 
broad smile. " It is the United States that's 
doing all the talking; no one in Canada 
thinks of it," he said. "Canada would 
certainly gain but little and would lose 
immensely. It would take away the peace 
of mind of these humble, quiet citizens. 
They are loyal ; they are French through 
and through, yet they love and reverence 
Her Most Gracious Majesty. The two flags 
hang side by side on every holiday. What 
more does the habitant want? His mere 
presence seems to breathe out, 'Why should 
I hurry and fret myself about the Fates? 
They are omnipotent. My house was planned 
for me before a Norman came to this country 
and it fits me like my skin. I have 1113' strip 
of land, my wife, and my twelve children ; 
Father Joseph looks after my soul; I go to 
the shrine of good Ste. Anne every summer; 
I am happy ; there is labor without care or 
haste. There are neighborly visits, saint-day 
celebrations, old customs religiously kept, 
loving respect to elders and superiors, court- 
ship and marriage, natural and beautiful as 
the tale of Fanchon. You Americans would 
take away all this. You would spoil the 
mellow old beauty derived from the Norman 
cottages of our parishes with your big and 
thin dry-goods-box houses. You would in- 
troduce new ideas, a few true and more false, 
into the heads of these simple folk, and they 
could not hold them. The Canadian, mon- 
sieur, is a lover of God and peace; the Yankee 
a lover of gold and glory, and God incident- 
ally." But a flock of devotees interrupted 
the interesting padre and called him for con- 
fessions. In twenty minutes he had relieved 
every one from every pang of their sins and 
sorrows for the day and sent them away, 
happy and free, for another day — so simple 
and so eloquent is their trust in their priest. 
With that same quiet smile the father 



conducted me from the vine-covered church 
and walked with me to a path which, he 
directed, would lead to the Falls of Mont- 
morency. With a blessing and a kind 
au revoir my friend took his leave. 

A short distance from the junction with 
the calm, majestic St. Lawrence, the rushing, 
turbulent Montmorency plunges over a cliff, 
three hundred feet high, into a yawning 
abyss of immeasurable depth. Over one 
hundred and fifty feet higher than Niagara 
and far more romantic and beautiful, this 
fall is very little known to the world. Not 
far from the cliffs, the stone towers of the 
old suspension bridge still stand, horrible 
memories of that fatal night when it fell, 
carrying with it the lives of a farmer and 
his family that were crossing. Every year 
some wretch, tired of the trials and burdens 
of this merciless world, leaps into the surg- 
ing stream and is forgotten, adding one more 
to the dwellers of that bottomless abyss. 
Numberless are the gloomy legends that 
hover around the cruel jaws of Montmorency. 

The return from the falls is of unsur- 
passed grandeur. The rays of the setting 
sun, glancing against the tin roofs and spires 
of Quebec and setting the windows ablaze 
with reflected flames, gave touches of mag- 
nificence to the city, rising from the river to 
the citadel heights. Thus viewed, Quebec 
is indeed like "the celestial city before the 
sea of glass," and he who has seen it once 
will never forget it. 



Tbe University of Chicago receives a gift of 
$1,000,000 from John D. Rockefeller with the offer 
of $2,000,000 more if the university shall raise a 
like amount before January 1, 1900. 

The University of Virginia met with a severe 
loss a week ago Sunday, when fire destroyed the 
rotunda and public hall. The rotunda was erected 
as a memorial to Thomas Jefferson, the founder of 
the university, and contained a large library and 
many valuable paintings. The total loss is esti- 
mated at fully $200,000. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



191 



Bowdoirp ^9ep§e. 



Driftwood. 

Our lives are bits of driftwood 
That float on a boundless sea, 
Where the wild waves dash forever, 
And calm can never be. 

And the currents of the ocean, 
Alas, we cannot know ; 
Or whence the driftwood started, 
Or whither it will go. 

Sometimes there is a haven 
Along some island shore, 
Where the driftwood finds a shelter, 
And is dashed and tossed no more. 

And often the bits of driftwood 
Meet others upon the sea, 
And float as one a moment, 
Then part for eternity. 



The Song of the Season's Close. 

Now sing us a soug of the days that are gone, 
A song of the tale that is told. 
For our 'varsity team is left mourning alone, 
For Bowdoiu's left out in the cold. 
For Bowdoin's eleven, so valiant and true, 
Is mourning alone in the cold, in the cold, 
Is weeping alone in the cold. 

With glittering prospect our team started in, 
Each man with a zeal all of fire. 
They thought of the vict'ries they'd certainly win, 
But now there is nothing but ire. 
But Bowdoin's eleven, so wrathy and sick, 
Is cherishing feelings of ire, all of ire, 
Is boiling with feelings of ire. 

Five scalps at their belt, one draw, and one lost, 
The prospect was bright for the clan. 
But a blast from the west blew its dust on the host, 
And then the great landslide began. 
And then the great landslide, so rocky and grim, 
So rocky and muddy and rotten began, 
The mud-flinging landslide began. 

The "down-east academy" team, that the foe 

Looked down on with pitying scorn, 

Had filled their proud hearts with a cavernous woe 



And was proving a troublesome thorn. 
And was proving a clinging and stinging surprise, 
A touch-me-not, wait-a-bit, up-to-date thorn, 
This "down-east academy" thorn. 

And so, since the foe feared the lads of the pines, 
They played the old, wearisome role. 
"Expenses are steep, and we've other designs," 
And thus they crawled into their hole. 
They played the old, cry-baby, tiresome role, 
And thus they crawled into their mud-covered hole, 
And wished they might pull in the hole. 

Seven battles are cancelled, five victories sure, 
One doubt, and one honored defeat. 
Thank God, Bowdoin's honor is stainless and pure, 
But her thoughts we dare not here repeat. 
But chivalry often must suffer abuse, 
And, to save its own self-respect, cannot repeat 
The thoughts that it chokes to repeat. 



Oh, That I Knew Where I Might 
Find Him! 

A Cry of Introspection. 
Thou eternal Power, unchangeable, 
Silent in awfulness, unspeakable, 
Deeper than depth, higher than infinity, 
Beyond the understanding of the mind. 
Thyself reveal in our extremity. 
Blindly we seek Thee, what Thyself may be. 
Deep our distress, and vain our strivings all. 
Grant us a dim conception of Thy light. 
Benumbed, we grope for Thee in darkest night. 
Vainly we listen for the faintest call 
That may reveal to us the mystery 
Of Thy dread presence, which we alway feel. 
Bowed in humility, we bend ourselves and kneel. 

Save from the terror of ourselves, in Thee. 

We have no refuge, and we cannot flee. 

Save Thou, oh, save us from our doubts and fears, 

And aid us with a knowledge of Thyself. 

Heavy the weight and weary are the years ; 

Hard is our lot, and bitter are the tears. 

There is no light, no refuge can we find, 

No answer to the yearnings of the soul. 

Grant us a vision of Thyself, and roll 

The crushing weight of gloom from off the mind, 

That bends us to the dust, and ever wears 

Our life with sense of insecurity. 

for the light, in our obscurity ! 



192 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Thanksgiving. 

Now all the earth is desolate, 
And Winter's breath is chill : 

Wild tempests o'er the bleak lands rage, 
And winds now whistle shrill. 

Yet 'mid such cheerless, dismal scenes 

The student merry seems, 
His face is wreathed in happy smiles, 

Of future days he dreams. 

Tet how explain this joyousness ? 

The meaning is most clear — 
These varied signs now signify 

Thanksgiving Day is near. 




President Hyde spoke on 
Sunday observance at chapel 
the 17th, taking for his theme the 
words of Christ, "The Sabbath was 
made for man." In substance he 
urged that the student body leave to 
the week days the disciplinary study of the college 
curriculum, and on Sunday devote themselves to 
acquiring an acquaintance with the world's great 
men through their books; to broadening their 
intellect with the deeper problems of life. 
Gilpatrie '96, has gone home sick. 
Holway, '82, was here last Friday. 
Badger, '94, was on the campus last week. 
Welsh, '98, is out for a brief canvassing tour. 
Austin Carey, '87, was on the campus last week. 
Rather a good-sized snow storm week before 
last. 

Robert L. Packard, '68, was in Brunswick re- 
cently. 

Rhodes, '97, has commenced a term of school at 
Morrill. 

Staples, '89, made a flying trip to the campus 
last week. 

" Uncle John " held forth in the reading-room 
last week. 



News from the Garcelon will case is expected 
any time. 

F. 0. Small, '95, spent Sunday, the 17th, with 
friends on the campus. 

The annual catalogues were distributed last 
week from the Library. 

Condon, '97, has commeuced a ten weeks' term 
of school at Candy's Harbor. 

Professor Files expects to occupy his new resi- 
dence by the first of next term. 

Eastman, '96, was an interested spectator of the 
Harvard-U. of P. game in Boston. 

Bates, '96, was in Hebron the latter part of last 
week, coaching the foot-ball team. 

Sam Lee has supplied one of Brunswick's miss- 
ing conveniences, a Chinese laundry. 

Bowdoin men have been in demand for officials 
at the iutei scholastic foot-hall games. 

The number of Bowdoin men who are to teach 
during the winter term is rather large. 

The Freshman Class has several men who have 
beaten the old college strength-record. 

Merritt, '94, was on the campus the Saturday 
of the Boston University foot-ball game. 

The Paderewski concert in Portland, the 21st, 
was enjoyed by a number of Bowdoin men. 

The '97 crew had their shell out lately for the 
purpose of being photographed for the Bugle. 

Gymnasium work begins once more, but there's 
the Thanksgiving holiday to prepare for it in. 

'98 celebrated its turkey supper a week ago 
Monday with all the usual noise and jollification. 

The three delegates to the national convention of 
Delta Kappa Epsilon report a very enjoyable trip. 

The " Brunswick Historical Almanac" is the title 
of a lately-issued booklet by Adams & Townsend. 

One of our '97 men won a prize, hut lately an- 
nounced, at the Topsham Fair in a guessing contest. 

The Catholic Fair was the center of a good deal 
of fun for the students during the evening it was 
held. 

'96 held a class meeting in Massachusetts Hall 
Monday, the 18th. Finances was the topic of dis- 
cussion. 

Professor Lee lectured in Farmington a week 
ago Friday. His address was on " The Depths of 
the Sea." 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



193 



'Ninety-nine has ordered class sweaters ; red 
with '99 in white on the breast and with white 
turtle neck. 

The announcement of the coming wedding of 
Warren, ex-'97, causes a good deal of surprise on 
the campus. 

There was a praise service held in the Y. M. C. 
A. room a week ago Sunday afternoon. It was led 
by Gilpatric, '96. 

The usual quota will stay on the campus over 
Thanksgiving, and have no less fun than those who 
leave for the recess. 

The completion of the college gas plant makes 
it possible for the Juniors to begin upon the labora- 
tory work in chemistry. 

Bowdoin's accident record in foot-ball this sea- 
son has been short. One bad sprain and several 
temporary strains are all. 

South Appletou had quite a scare the other 
night, and an early discovery was all that prevented 
a serious conflagration in No. 9. 

Now is the time when the Bugle editors are 
chronicling in their memorandum books the foibles 
and weaknesses of their victims. 

Large numbers of students attended both the 
Colby and Bates games; it might be said that the 
college to a man went to Portland. 

How many recognized our supposedly good-look- 
ing foot-ball captain in the foot-ball picture in the 
Lewiston Journal of two weeks ago? 

The long-deferred fall rains have been coming 
along in drizzly showers, that have made every day 
for a week, more or less of a rainy one. 

Sewall, '97, has finished his term of school, and 
was on the campus one day last week, but will not 
return to his studies until after Thanksgiving. 

The boys who went to the Bates game in Port- 
land, had the pleasure of seeing Leighton, '95, 
wholly recovered from his late serious accident. 

The foot-ball article in the Lewiston Sun by 
"Iconoclast" hardly hit the mark. But it furnished 
a good deal of fun for the men who were sized up. 

Saturday night, an unusually fine lot of deer 
weut through on the midnight from Bangor. There 
must have been a dozen good specimens in the lot. 

The College Orchestra received many warm com- 
pliments on the music rendered at the Domino 
Party. It was their first engagement of the season. 

President Hyde's last book, " Social Theology," 



has only been in print six months, but the first 
edition has already been exhausted and another 
called for. 

The report that Lord Dunraven graduated from 
Bates College in Maine, is said after all to be false, 
though many circumstances point to its proba- 
bility.— Ex. 

The Sophomore Prize Declamations will be held 
Thursday, December 19th. The exercises will be 
rendered a little more interestiug by selections from 
the College Orchestra. 

The College Orchestra and the Banjo and Gui- 
tar Club are practicing regularly, and have every 
promise of turning out organizations that Bowdoin 
may well be proud of. 

The examiners for Bowdoin's three fittiug schools 
are as follows for 1896: Fryeburg Academy, Prof. 
Houghton ; Washington Academy, Henry C. Emery; 
Thornton Academy, Prof. Woodruff. 

The storage battery in the basement of the 
Science Building has been transferred from fibre to 
glass cells. The old fibre cells had been eaten away 
by the acid and were leaking badly. 

The young ladies of Brunswick held a most 
enjoyable Print Domino Party a week ago Saturday 
in the Court Room. The affair was given in return 
for last winter's very pleasant assemblies. 

The sun-dial has come to grief. Some enterpris- 
ing bungler has succeeded in knocking off the 
upright plate that cast the shadow, and now the 
time by the dial is more inaccurate than ever. 

An enjoyable assembly was held in the Court 
Room last Saturday evening under the manage- 
ment of Pierce and Smyth, '96. It is hoped that 
this is but the beginning of an extended series. 

The Deutsche-Verein held its first regular meet- 
ing, Tuesday evening, November 12th, with Pierce, 
'96. The meeting was in every way enjoyable, and 
points to a pleasant series in the coming winter. 

The posters that announced the turkey supper in 
one of the local church chapels misled many of the 
students. At first sight one thought he was invited 
to a Sophomoric turkey supper in King's Chapel. 

Professor Robinson was in Waterville, week 
before last, and in accordance with the laws of the 
State, took samples of all the liquors for sale at the 
city agency, for the purpose of making an official 
analysis of the same. 

This year sees an increase in the number of 
students pursuing special courses. They are of the 



194 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



class whom the new entrance requirements are 
expected to attract, and another year will surely 
see a greater increase. 

The Brunswick station has arisen from its ashes 
in all its ancient beauty. The carpenters made 
quick work of the job, and by Monday night fol- 
lowing the fire, the building was ready for occu- 
pancy by waiting passengers. 

Walter Adams, Washington correspondent of 
the Boston Herald, was on the campus recently, 
obtaining data for a sketch of Tom Reed. Photo- 
graphs of Reed's old room were taken, 11 South 
Appleton, and other points of interest. 

The Saturday Club eutertainmeut, given a week 
ago Friday, was not well attended by the students, 
to their loss. The readiugs by Miss Richards were 
most entertaining and the singing was as good as 
has been heard in Brunswick for some time. 

The last themes of the term, due November 
26th, have for subjects the following : 
Juniors — 
I. Carlyle's " Sartor Resartus." 
II. Russia's Policy in China. 
III. The Ideal Newspaper. 
Sophomores — 
I. Jingoism in American Politics. 
II. The Attitude of England Towards Turkey. 
III. The Origin of our New England Thanksgiving. 

The gasoline tank was filled last Monday, about 
ten barrels being poured in, and Tuesday morning 
gas was turned on in the mains. At present the 
Searles Science Building and Memorial Hall are to 
be illuminated. The apparatus can supply 300 
burners. 

From the new catalogue the student will notice 
that one new scholarship has been added to the 
general funds of the college, the Moses R. Ludwig 
Scholarship and Albert T. Thomas Scholarship, 
founded by the late Mrs. Hannah C. Ludwig of 
Rockland. 

Large-sized photographs of the Walker Art 
Building are now for sale by the attendants. The 
pictures were made by Prof. Hutchins for Prof. 
Johnson, and are splendid specimens of modern 
photography. They are the best of the Art Building 
ever taken. 

There is universal anticipation of the good 
times which belong to this week. Those of the 
Sophomores who have written on " The Origin of 
Thanksgiving" will probably enjoy the day all the 
more from the historical setting which it will have 
in their minds. 



Down on Harpswell Neck Rev. Elijah Kellogg 
has cut off a large tract of land and is now sowing 
it down with acorns and chestnuts. He has, in the 
way of a curiosity, a patch of oaks, two or three 
feet high, planted from acorns that grew on oaks 
he planted himself. 

The Chess Club held its first meeting of the 
year Wednesday, the 20th, in President Lyford's 
room. Lyford, '96, was re-elected to the presi- 
dency, and Odiorne, '97, will serve as secretary and 
treasurer. The annual tournament will be held the 
middle of January. 

One point of iuterest about the lately organized 
" Deutsche-Verein," is that this is the first one ever 
organized in this country. In the German univer- 
sities these clubs are the nucleus of college life, and 
are universally supported. Bowdoin's Verein is to 
be continued from class to class. 

A few more French books have come to the 
library. They are similar in contents to those of 
the lot mentioned in the last Orient, having to do, 
for the most part, with French literature. The 
additions of English books have been several in 
number, but of minor importance. 

Prof. Johnson has begun a class in optional 
French, the meetings, which will be weekly, com- 
mencing last Tuesday. The class will number 
twelve and is about evenly divided between Seniors 
and Juniors. Especial attention is to be given to 
learning to talk and pronounce the lauguage. 
A modern French play is the first text-book. 

Wednesday afternoon the annual meeting of the 
Base-Ball Association was held. The business was 
chiefly election of officers. For the coming year 
base-ball will be run by the following: President, 
Fessenden; Vice-President, Dunnack, '97; Secre- 
tary and Treasurer, White, '98; Manager, Ward, 
'96; Scorer, Keohau, '97; Directors, Coggan and 
Holmes, '97; Pierce, '98, and Greenlaw, '99. 

The Colby men had serious charges of unfair 
treatment to bring against Bates after their game 
in Lewiston, and in explaining these one Colby 
correspondent wrote as follows : 

"In the Sunday Globe's account of the game we 
notice that Bates says she was able to do " what 
Bovvduin failed to do" — make a touchdown, but we 
would remind Bates that the Bowdoin team con- 
sists of only eleven men, that the Bowdoin delta is 
not a common to be swept over by a howling crowd 
whenever the visiting team has the ball, and that 
Bowdoin men do not forget to be gentlemen even 
when witnessing a foot-ball game. Bates failed to 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



195 



do, and always has failed to do, what Bowdoin 
invariably does, that is, treat a visitiug team as 
gentlemen and stand for fair play. It seems hard 
for some colleges to form any conception of what 
true sportsmanship demands; the embryo even of 
the proper spirit does not seem to exist." 



FOOT-BALL. 
Bowdoin, 6; Colby, O. 

Our team played its second game with Colby in 
Waterville, Thursday, November 14th, in a drizzly 
rain. Colby used the same tactics as in the first 
game, but was unable to make such substantial 
gains. Fumbling lost at least two touchdowns for 
us. In the first half Bowdoin had the kickoff, and 
gaining the ball on a fumble, made a touchdown 
within three minutes by round-the-end plays. The 
rest of the half the ball was in the centre of the 
field — time being called when Bowdoin had the ball 
on Colby's 25-yard line. The second half was 
about the same. Colby, on a kickoff, forced the 
ball to Bowdoin's 20-yard line, when they lost it on 
downs. On long end runs by McMillan and Ken- 
dall, Bowdoin rushed the ball to Colby's 5-yard 
line, where it was lost on a fumble. Again the 
backs started from the center of the field, when 
Colby's punt was stopped, and at the call of time 
had the ball on Colby's 1-yard line. 

The game showed that Bowdoin's line had been 
materially strengthened by the coaching of Hoag. 
The running of McMillan and Kendall was espe- 
cially brilliant, and productive of long gains. A 
good-sized crowd of students accompanied the 
team. The line-up and score: 

Bowdoin. Colby. 

Stearns. Left End. Shannon. 

Murphy. Left Tackle. Putnam. 

Bates. Left Guard. Brooks. 

Spear. Center. Hamilton. 

Eastaan. } Ei e ht Guard - Thompson. 

French. Right Tackle. Chapman. 

Libby. Right End. Pike. 

Moulton. Quarterback. Watkins. 

"Warren. ) ( Hubbard. 

Kendall. \ Halfbacks. \ Alden. 

McMillan. ) ( Patterson. 

Clarke. Fullback. Holmes. 

Score — Bowdoin 6. Touchdown— Warren. Goal from 
touchdown — Clarke. Umpire— Jordan, Colby, '95. Ref- 
eree—Ward, Bowdoin. Linesmen — Clark, Tufts, '95; Pen- 
dleton, Bowdoin, '90. Time — 20-minute halves. 



Bowdoin, 22; Bates, 6. 
What proved to be Bowdoin's last game of 
the season was played Saturday, November l&th 
on the Deering grounds. The weather was too 
warm for hard playing but was just about 
right to attract a large crowd, fully 1,100 having 
been present. An added interest was given the 
game by the victory of Bates over Colby. But the 
game was at no time in doubt after Bowdoin's first 
touchdown. Had the full second half been played 
the score would have been considerably swelled in 
favor of Bowdoin. The crowd of Bowdoin boys, 
who accompanied the team, made things lively at 
the grounds. A delay of an hour or more was 
caused by a disagreement over officials, and with 
unnecessary delays in the first half, brought the 
second half well into the dark of the afternoon. 
The game was a clean exhibition of foot-ball. 
Moulton seriously sprained his ankle, but otherwise 
French was the only man who was retired. 

Bowdoin's game was to punt and hold Bates for 
downs; kicking again, Bowdoin would get the ball 
in dangerous proximity to Bates's goal line and 

then rush it over. This worked about every time. 

Bates scored at the beginning of the secoud half 

on a center play. Every touchdown netted a goal 

except the first, when Moulton neglected to make 

his mark on bringing out the ball as the rules 

require. 

As in former games, Bowdoin's backs were fast, 

and made the bulk of their gains on end plays. 

Coburn and Stetson, who took Moulton's and 

French's places, did good work. Bowdoin's ends 

had but little to do, Bates preferring to buck the 

line. The score and line-up: 

Bowdoin. Bates. 

Stearns. Left End. Wright. 

Murphy. Left Tackle. E. I. Hanscom. 

Eastman. Left Guard. O. E. Hanscom. 

Spear. Center. Hoag. 

Bates, captain. Right Guard. Bruce. 

French' } Right Tackle - Cutts - 

Libbey. Right End. Burrill. 

Moulton. ) Quarterback. Douglass, captain. 

McMillan. Left Halfback. Nason. 

Kendall. Right Halfback. Pulsifer. 

Clarke. Fullback. Hinckley. 

Score — Bowdoin 22, Bates 6. Touchdowns — MacMillan 
2, Kendall, French, Nason. Goals from touchdowns — 
Clarke 3, Cutts. Referee— C. D. Clark, Tufts, '95. Urn- 
pire—W. B. Perry, Brown, '91. Linesmen— M. S. Coggan, 
Bowdoin, and Mr. Hayden, Bates. 



196 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Bowdoin, '98, 22; Bowdoin, '99, 0. 

The usual class game was played last Friday, 
on frozen ground tbat was slippery, with a thin 
covering of snow. The interest in the game was 
rather normal, and the cheering during the halves 
was not especially wild. 

The work of '98 was snappy — making gains at 
will— especially long runs being made by Murphy. 

'Ninety-eight had the kickoff in the first half, 
and by holding on downs the ball was theirs and 
quickly rushed over by end plays. The same 
tactics were used for the second touchdown. No 
goals. The second half, '98 ran her left tackle and 
made three touchdowns in rapid succession, which 
yielded one goal. The game was clean and satis- 
factory to both teams. For '98, Murphy, Kendall, 
and Stanwood did good work. Fairfield and Stock- 
bridge showed up well on the Freshman team. The 
Freshmen were unexpectedly strong on the defen- 
sive, though they weakened toward the end. The 
'98 goal was at no time in danger. The line-up and 
summary follows: 

Bowdoin, '98. Bowdoin, '99. 

"Wilson. 
Pettingill. 
Merrill. 
W. W. Spear. 
Baxter. 
Murphy. 
E. E. Spear. 
Stetson. 
Kendall. 
Stanwood. 

Stubbs. ) ( Cleaves. 

Gould. Fullback. Clark. 

Score— '98, 22; '99, 0. Touchdowns— Murphy, 3; Ken- 
dall, 2. Goal— Stanwood. Referee — Ward, '96. Umpire — 
Libby, '96. Linesmen— Willard, '96, and Coggan, '97. 
Time— Halves of 20 and 15 minutes. 



■•! 



Bight End. 


Hadlock. 


Bight Tackle. 


Stockbridge. 


Bight Guard. 


Cram. 


Center. 


Shields. 


Left Guard. 


Jennings. 


Left Tackle. 


Wignott. 


Left End. 


Veazie. 


Quarterback. 


Randall. 




( Fairfield. 


Halfbacks. 


„. 




'20. — Bowdoin's oldest liv- 
'ing graduate, Rev. Thomas 
Treadwell Stone, last member of the 
' Class of 1820, died at Bolton, Mass., 
Wednesday, November 13th. Mr. Stone 
was born in Waterford, Maine, February 
9, 1801, and fitted at Bridgton and Hebron Acade- 
mies. In 1820, Mr. Stone was ordained, preaching 
at Andover, East Machias, Salem, Mass., Brooklyn, 
Ct., and Bolton, Mass. He did a good deal of first- 
class literary work, chiefly on religious subjects, 



and one or two of his longer works will be valued 
for some time to come. In 1858 he delivered a 
course of lectures before the Lowell Institute, Bos- 
ton. At the anniversary exercises of the college, 
Rev. Mr. Stone was one of the most notable speak- 
ers. Every one who was present at the big dinner 
will remember how silent it was when the venerable, 
white-haired man, whom we all knew as Bowdoin's 
oldest graduate, told the immense throng of Bow- 
doin in his day. His voice was weak, and his steps 
feeble even then. Mr. Stone was married, in 1825, 
to Laura Poor of Lawrence, Mass., and had twelve 
children, seven of whom are now living. One son 
was a Bowdoin man, Henry Stone, Class of 1852. 
The Class of 1820 numbered twelve, six lawyers, 
three ministers, and three physicians; and as Mr. 
Stone used to pleasantly observe, "The ministers 
outlived them all." Jacob Abbott, who wrote the 
Rollo Books, died in 1879; Jedidiah Cobb, a dis- 
tinguished professor in a southern institution ; Philip 
Eastman, a famous Maine lawyer; Joshua Warren 
Hathaway, a Judge of the Maine Supreme Court ; 
William McDougal, a tutor in Bowdoin at one time; 
these are the better known of his classmates. The 
death of Mr. Stone leaves Richard William Dum- 
mer, Class of 1823, the oldest living graduate. Mr. 
Dummer was born in Hallowell, September 17, 
1802, and now lives in G-rover, Kansas. 

'47. — Among the many American missionaries 
whose lives have been endangered by the trouble 
in Turkey, is Rev. Crosby Howard Wheeler, who 
is a professor at Euphrates College, Harpoot, which 
has been the center of the outrages. At last reports 
the property of the missionaries was destroyed, but 
they themselves were unharmed. 

'50. — Gen. O. O. Howard has recently presented 
a soldier's monument to his native town, Leeds. 
The monument is of Vermont granite, twenty-eight 
feet high, and will contain the names of every man 
from Leeds that served in the War of the Rebellion. 

'50. — Dr. George Follansbee Jackson died in New 
York City Sunday, November 10, 1895, from 
apoplexy. He was born in Pittston, Me., October 
7, 1827, and entered Bowdoin College, graduating 
in the Class of 1850. Upon leaving college he 
taught for two years, and then studied medicine. 
He first settled in his profession in Boothbay, Me., 
removing to New York in 1858, where for thirty- 
eight years he has been practicing in Washington 
Heights. Dr. Jackson has been a sanitary inspector 
of the Health Department and a surgeon of the 
police force. He was a member of the Academy 
of Medicine and of the County Medical Society. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



197 



For ten years before bis deatb be was a public- 
scbool inspector from tbe Twelfth Ward. A widow, 
a son, and a daughter survive him. 

'60.— John Marshall Brown has been appointed 
by Governor Cleaves as a member of the State 
Committee on the Mexican International Exposition. 

'61. — Edward Stanwood, editor of the Youth's 
Companion, celebrated bis silver wedding, Wednes- 
day, November 13th. 

'65.— Lieut.-Col. J. H. Oilman, an honorary 
graduate of Bowdoin, was placed on the retired 
list of the army last week. Ho was a graduate of 
West Point, and won his rank by valuable services 
during the war. 

'72. — H. M. Heath, of Augusta, has been engaged 
to deliver an address in Pittsfleld, next Memorial 
Day. 

76.— P. C. Payson read a paper on Wills before 
tbe Woman's Council of the Second Advent Church 
of Portland, last Monday. 

'77. — Serope Armenag Giirdjian, an Armenian, 
and a naturalized citizen of the United States, lies 
in a Turkish prison condemned for life. Ho was in 
business in New York before taking up mercantile 
pursuits in Constantinople. 

'81, Honorary. — Tbe New England Magazine for 
November contains a very interesting article, "The 
Story of Portland," by Mayor J. P. Baxter of that 
city. 

'82. — The Republicans of Boston have nominated 
E. U. Curtis for Mayor, for a second term. 

'8-'i. — J. B. Reed is a leading candidate for Reg- 
ister of Prooate of Cumberland County. 

'88. — C. A. Dennett, graduate of Bowdoin Med- 
ical School, has removed from Buxton to Arlington, 
Mass. 

'88.— A. W. Tolman, who gave up his position 
in Bowdoin on account of ill health, is studying at 
Andover Theological Seminary. 

'89.— Sanford L. Fogg is a candidate for the 
municipal judgeship of Bath. 

'92.— Earle Wood has been licensed by the 
Penobscot County Congregationalists to preach for 
three years. 

'92. — Fred V. Gummer has accepted the prin- 
cipalship of the High School in Holliston, Mass. 

'93.— Dr. A. H. Weeks, a graduate of the Medi- 
cal School, has lately settled in Buxton. 

'95.— Axtell is at Andover Theological Semi- 
nary. 

'95.— The Times-Democrat, of New Orleans, has 
this to say of Fairbanks : Tbe University of Missis- 



sippi, which has played the annual Thanksgiving 
game with Tulane for the past two years, being 
victorious each time, is sure to have a good team 
this season. They have secured for a coach Hiland 
L. Fairbanks, undoubtedly one of the best foot- 
ball players in New England, and who has made a 
great reputation for himself among the colleges of 
the East. Mr. Fairbanks will bring his Mississippi 
pets to New Orleans ou Thanksgiving day, and by 
that time they will be in the best of trim. The 
Mississippi team will play the Memphis Athletic 
Club at Memphis next Saturday, in which Mr. Fair- 
banks will make his first appearance on a Southern 
foot-ball field. 

'95. — Moore read an able paper before the 
Franklin Couuty Teachers' Association at its annual 
meeting. 

Ex-'96.— Carleton P. Merrill, who left colU.-o 
at the end of his Freshman year, to accept the 
treasurership of tbe Franklin Couuty savings bank, 
was united in marriage Saturday evening, Novem- 
ber 16th, to Mrs. Rose Abbott Williams of Farming- 
ton. Mr. and Mrs. Merrill are now at home in 
Farmingtou. 

Ex-'97. — Henry Warren, who left college this 
fall to enter business with his father in Bangor, is 
to be married to Miss Nichols of that city, Wednes- 
day, November 27th. 




By a Freshman. 
O may I join the chapel choir 
And round the organ stand, 
With a lot of gurgles in my throat 
And a hymn-book in my hand. 

— Red and Blue. 
The Princeton Gun Club won the triangular 
intercollegiate shoot at Monmouth Junction re- 
cently. Harvard was a close second, scoring only 
four birds behind Princeton. Yale came last with a 
score of eighteen birds less than Harvard. 



198 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Great Scott. 
" The stag at eve had drunk his fill," 
And staggered some, as often will 
A stag who's had a horn too much, 
And, like the far-famed, fabled Dutch, 
Has taken Holland gin. To pull 
This story short, the stag was full. 

— The Lafayette. 
Andrew Carnegie has given Williams College 
00 to free the infirmary from debt. 

If Uncle Sam would build a barge, 

And sail her bottom up, 
And man her with a cross-eyed crew, 
I think we'd keep the cup. 

— Lehigh Burr. 
The University of Pennsylvania has sent a 
ological expedition to central Africa. 




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BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, DECEMBER 18, 1895. 



Vol. XXV. 



No. 11. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 

PUBLISHED EVERY ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY DURING 
THE COLLEGIATE YEAR BY THE STUDENTS OF 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE. 



EDITORIAL BOARD. 

J. C. Minot, '96, Editor-in-Chief. 

C. W. Marston, '96, Assistant Editor-in-Chief. 

H. R. Blodgett, '96, Business Manager. 

G. T. Ordway, '96. H. H. Pierce, '96. 

H. Gilpatric, '96. R. S. Hagar, '97. 

P. P. Baxter, '98. T. L. Marble, '98. 

C. C. Smith, '98. 

Per annum, in advance S2.00. 

Single Copies, 15 Cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Manager. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Manager. Com- 
inunicationsin regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Editor-in-Chief. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 



Personal items should be sent to Box 1091, Brunswick, Me. 



Entered at the Post-Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Mattel-. 

Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston. 

CONTENTS. 

Vol. XXV., No. 11.— December 18, 1895. 

Editorial Notes, 199 

Theta Delta Chi Convention, 202 

Double-Fives, 202 

Some Advantages of a Country College, 204 

Bowdoin Verse : 

When Love is Dead 205 

A Trio of Winter Triolets, 205 

A Ballade of Bowdoin Pines 206 

Beneath the Mistletoe, 206 

Thomas B 206 

Collegii Tabula, 207 

Y. M. C. A., 209 

Book Reviews, 210 

Personal 210 

College World, 212 




Over a third of this college year is 
gone, and the close of the first term brings us 
to the welcome recess over the holidays. If 
we have worked hard, as many have, we 
need the rest and recreation of two weeks 
at home; and if we have loafed hard, as 
others of us have, the change of environ- 
ment will be good for us, and we shall return 
in January ready to settle down to work for 
the winter. In any case, the vacation is as 
necessary a part of the college year as the 
center is of the circle. While welcoming 
the close of the term, its arrival causes us to 
keenly realize that the year — the last at old 
Bowdoin for so many of us — is rapidly pass- 
ing, and that Iv}' Da} r with its last chapel, 
and Class Day with its parting address, 
cheering the halls, pipe of peace, and last 
hand-clasp are realities of the near future. 
The best way for us to show our true appre- 
ciation of this fact is to improve, better than 
we have those of the past, the remaining 
opportunities of our course. The winter 
term, lacking most of the out-door diver- 
sions of the spring and fall, is especially 
adapted for steady, solid work. May we all, 
whatever the class, realize this, and return 
from our vacations ready for the thorough, 
systematic, conscientious work that alone 
can accomplish the real ends of a college 
education. To all, the Orient sincerely 



200 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



wishes an enjoyable vacation with a Merry 
Christmas and a Happy New Year. 



BOWDOIN men everywhere, irrespective 
of_ political affiliations, are proud of the 
high honor just paid to a certain distinguished 
member of the Class of '60, Hon. Thomas 
B. Reed, who, for the second time, has been 
elected Speaker of the United States House 
of Representatives. This honor, given unan- 
imously by the party overwhelmingly in con- 
trol of the House, was a foregone conclusion, 
a deserved tribute to the eminent statesman 
whose fitness for the position was so conclu- 
sively demonstrated by his famous term of 
service a few years since. Mr. Reed is the 
most prominent man before the American 
people to-day. In importance and influence 
the position he now occupies has but one 
above it in our country, and there is a grow- 
ing belief that he will be called to this 
higher position as soon as the people have a 
chance to express themselves on the matter. 
All honor to Reed of '60, whose name is 
destined to forever shine so brightly in the 
grand galaxy of old Bowdoin's famous sons! 
While speaking of high honors paid to 
Bowdoin men, it is in place to mention the 
fact that Senator Frye of Maine, Bowdoin 
'50, has been nominated by the Republicans 
for the position of President pro tern, of the 
Senate, the highest gift in the power of that 
body. If the Republicans succeed in organ- 
izing the Senate, as is not improbable, we 
shall enjoy the spectacle of two Maine men, 
loyal sons of our own Alma Mater, presiding 
over the two great legislative bodies of our 
nation. 

IN a recent number of the Outlook the 
matter of college discipline is discussed, 
and conclusions are drawn from the recent 
action of President Raymond of Union Col- 
lege. Two students of that institution were 
suspected of having been implicated in cer- 



tain burglaries which have recently been 
committed in Schenectady. As soon as Dr. 
Raymond was informed of the suspicion, he 
took another member of the faculty, noti- 
fied the suspected students, and proceeded 
to make an investigation of their rooms. 
Stolen property was soon discovered, where- 
upon Dr. Raymond stopped his investigation, 
sent for the police, and placed the whole mat- 
ter in the hands of the civil authorities, who 
completed the search and took the students 
into custody, a large amount of stolen prop- 
erty being discovered in their possession. 

In an address the next day, before the 
student body, Dr. Raymond laid down some 
general principles on college government 
which are good reading for the faculty and 
students of all colleges in the land. 

For purposes of legitimate college disci- 
pline, Dr. Raymond declared, the authorities 
of the college need no help from without; 
but the moment the law is violated, and 
crime committed of any kind, the offender 
will be invariably turned over to the civil 
authorities. The allegiance of students to 
each other and to their college, he declared, 
must be subordinated to the allegiance of 
every student to the law, and no college can 
hope to educate its students to be law-abiding 
members and leaders of society unless it 
recognizes and maintains the majesty of the 
civil law on all occasions. 

This action of Dr. Raymond is not with- 
out precedent in the conduct of our colleges, 
but it is in very sharp contrast to that policy 
of concealment which has sometimes been 
unwisely adopted. It has more than once 
been assumed by college authorities that the 
good name and prosperity of the institution 
demanded suppression of intelligence and a 
general minimizing of offenses. It is safe 
to say that the unfortunate occurrence at 
Union College, instead of injuring that in- 
stitution, will, through the action of its 
President, commend it to those who under- 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



201 



stand the tonic quality of bold, frank, and 
independent management. Questions of col- 
lege discipline belong to college authorities, 
but questions arising under the law of the 
land belong to the civil authorities; the dis- 
tinction caunot be too sharply made and the 
division of authority too rigidly respected; 
nor can there be better ethical teaching for 
students than the enforcement of the princi- 
ple that higher than the allegiance of the 
student to his college is his allegiance to the 
community which created the college, and 
whose highest interest the college serves. 
Honor, honesty, loyalty, and obedience — 
those prime elements of education — are more 
powerfully taught .by the policy and action 
of the authorities of a college than by the 
teachers in the class-room. 



FOR fear lest the Orient readers may get 
a wrong impression from our long silence 
in regard to the need of contributors and con- 
tributions, we hasten to announce that we 
have not ceased to feel a pressing need of 
both. Over two-thirds of the present Orient 
3'ear is gone, and thus far the contributions 
indicate fewer candidates for positions on the 
staff of the paper than there will be vacan- 
cies to be filled at the approaching election. 
This is certainly not indicative of extensive 
literary or journalistic ability among our 
students, or of intense interest in the good 
standing and prosperity of the college pub- 
lication. 

The Orient, with less than a dozen out 
of two hundred and fifty students contrib- 
uting to its columns during the year, is far 
from being the representative college paper 
that it ought to be. The interest shown by 
Bowdoin men in so important an institution 
as their college paper is not of an active 
nature. To be sure, they all read it quite 
thoroughly, and pa} r their subscriptions — 
most of them — if they are dunned persist- 
ently. They occasionally show enough in- 



terest to find a little fault with it, or, at very 
rare intervals, to say a good word for some- 
thing in its columns. But few indeed are 
the students who write anything, or do any- 
thing, or say anything to help and cheer on 
the two or three editors who grind out issue 
after issue — a task that is far from being 
always full of pleasure or excitement. Each 
editor, during his career at the head of the 
paper, makes frantic appeals to the students 
for renewed interest, but the result is always 
the same. All recognize the duty of the 
student body in the matter, but very few 
take steps to perform that duty. We hope 
that the coming winter term will bring us at 
least enough contributors so that when the 
time comes for the election of new editors 
there will be enough candidates to distribute 
among the various offices on the board. It 
seems rash to hope for a better state of 
things than this. We regret we have no 
great inducements to offer contributors, no 
great cash prize or princely emolument. We 
can only offer you the pleasure of seeing 
your production in print, the consciousness 
of a duty done, the lasting benefit that only 
such writing can give you, and the honor of 
a position on the staff of the paper. If you 
cannot write a story, a sketch, an article, an 
editorial, or a poem — and you can write any 
of these if you try — help out the local or 
personal editors by furnishing items for their 
departments. And, by the way, more inter- 
est shown by the alumni in the department 
devoted to them would be greatly appre- 
ciated. Not more than half a dozen alumni 
items are sent to the paper each year. In 
writing thus we do not want to be under- 
stood as complaining, or rebelling against 
the decrees of the Fates. We simply want 
to correct any impressions which may be 
abroad that we have stacks of contributions 
awaiting publication, that our waste-basket 
is bursting with rejected manuscript, or that 
the number of our contributors is so great 



202 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



that it will be a difficult task to select new 
editors at the next election. Our work on 
the paper is the most pleasant and perhaps 
the most profitable part of our college course, 
but we are not so selfish as to wish to exclude 
others from this pleasure and benefit. In all 
seriousness, why cannot the students of old 
Bowdoin, active, enthusiastic, and capable as 
they are in most things, make the Orient, 
the sole publication of the college, excepting 
the annual, for a quarter of a century, some- 
thing broader and higher and deeper than 
the mere representative of the three or four 
students who are patient and patriotic enough 
to keep it in existence? 



Theta Delta Chi Convention. 

TITHE forty-ninth annual convention of the 
*• Theta Delta Chi fraternity was held in 
Boston, Tuesday and Wednesday, November 
26th and 27th. Tuesday forenoon was for the 
most part devoted to an informal reception 
of delegates in the parlors of Young's Hotel. 
The afternoon was occupied by a regular 
meeting of the convention. In the evening 
a part of the delegates enjoyed the hospital- 
ity of the I Charge of Harvard University, 
and several theatre parties were formed. 

The meetings were continued Wednes- 
day with an unusually large attendance. 
Petitions for charters were read from several 
colleges, but were rejected. All the charges, 
from Minnesota in the West to Maine in the 
East, were represented by undergraduate 
delegates, and many by graduates. 

The annual banquet Wednesday evening 
furnished an enjoyable ending to the con-, 
vention. A large number were gathered 
around the festive board, and the bountiful 
repast was followed by speaking very much 
enjoyed by all present. Hon. Seth P. Smith 
of Boston acted as toast-master; President 
Capen of Tufts delivered the oration; Col. 
Jacob Spahn of Rochester, N. Y., the poem, 
and Frederic Carter, Yale, '90, the history. 



The hearty and witty responses to the toasts 
were received with enthusiasm. 

The Eta Charge was represented by 
Webster, '81; Newbegin, '92 ; Bucknam and 
Baker, '93; Knight, '94; Stetson, '95; Dana 
and Fogg, '96 ; Bodge and Morse, '97 ; Wil- 
liamson, '98, and Greenlaw, '99. 



Double-Fives. 

TT happened during a journey from Boston 
-*■ to Brunswick. At Lynn a gentleman 
boarded the train and, seating himself beside 
me, took a book from his valise and began to 
read. 

As we whirled along I secretly studied 
my companion, but had not pursued my 
examination far when my attention was 
arrested by a glance at his hands, upon each 
of which was clearly tattoed a pair of dice, 
fives up. My curiosity being aroused, I 
opened the conversation with a few casual 
remarks, and by the time we reached New- 
buryport our acquaintance was progressing 
finely, and I ventured a remark about the 
tattoing which had so interested me. 
"Rather a queer piece of work, that on your 
hand," I said. "Yes," my companion re- 
plied, " and there is a pretty good story con- 
nected with it, too; I'll tell it to you if you 
wish." 

Of course I was only too willing and, 
settling myself comfortably in my seat, I 
listened with much interest to the following 
story, which I will give in the words of the 
narrator: 

Early in the summer of 188- my younger 
brother and I were in Uncle Sam's employ 
spotting " moonshiners " in eastern Ten- 
nessee. We had had exceptionally good 
luck, had closed up a number of stills, and 
were waiting now only to arrest the biggest 
" moonshiner " in the state, called " King 
Jim," from his authority over the inhabitants 
of the surrounding region. He was feared 
by all who knew him and he had sworn to 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



203 



kill the first U. S. officer who should molest 
him. Nobody doubted but that he would keep 
his word, and he had been left undisturbed 
till now. Charlie, my brother, and I, how- 
ever, were young and headstrong, and we 
decided to tackle King Jim. Our plans 
were to discover where the " still " was 
located first and afterward to get some 
assistance and raid it. 

One bright night we started out and, 
making a detour through the woods, came 
out at a place which overlooked King Jim's 
cabin. Here we concealed ourselves and 
waited. 

In a short time a figure came out of the 
cabin and disappeared in the woods behind 
the house. We hurried after him, and at 
the place where he entered the woods we 
found what we had expected — a path. We 
paused to discover if we could hear the man 
before us, but as we could not, we felt confi- 
dent that we ourselves would not be heard, 
and ventured to go ahead. 

The path was well trodden and, after 
walking for perhaps a mile, it brought us to 
the summit of a hill, on the other side of 
which was a valley through which a small 
creek ran. We listened and plainly heard 
the noise of escaping steam in the valley 
beneath us. 

Cautiously we made our way toward the 
noise until we came in sight of a long, low, 
wooden structure illumined within by a few 
dirty kerosene lamps. We could hardly keep 
from shouting for joy; we had undoubtedly 
found King Jim's "still." "Charlie," I whis- 
pered, " shall we go back now or push on to 
the end?" "Let's get to a place where we 
can look in," he answered. Noiselessly and 
carefully we made our way to a window and 
cautiously peeped in. The interior consisted 
of one room in which two men were at work 
making whiskey. 

We watched them a few seconds and 
then Charlie whispered, "Let's go home 



now." "No, my beauties, I don't think you 
will," a gruff voice behind us answered. 
We turned quickly and found ourselves 
covered with revolvers in the hands of two 
ill-looking desperadoes. We were completely 
caught and I began to curse myself for not 
going back before. It was no use to cry 
over spilt milk, however. We were taken 
by our captors into the still-house and a call 
from the one of them, whom we afterward 
discovered was King Jim himself, brought 
from some unknown place about a dozen 
more men. We realized that we were in for 
it, and decided to put on a bold face. " Well," 
I asked, "may I inquire what you are going 
to do with us ? " " Yes," replied King Jim, 
"yer kin if yer like; we 'uns are a-going to 
kill you 'uns." 

This, as you can imagine, was not a very 
pleasant prospect for two young men, but a 
single glance at the hard faces around us 
convinced us that it would be useless to ask 
for pity, but we determined to die like men. 

The arrangements were rapidly com- 
pleted. Two barrels were brought and two 
nooses were suspended from a beam over- 
head. These preparations moved me to make 
a last appeal. I had recognized in the men 
around me several whom I had " hauled up " 
in previous years and so knew it would be 
worse than useless to ask mercy for myself. 
For my younger brother's life, however, I 
determined to make a trial. 

I had heard of King Jim's terrible passion 
for gambling, and this knowledge suggested 
to me a single chance by which Charlie's life 
might be saved. Pointing to the boy, I said 
to King Jim, " I'll shake dice with you ; if I 
win, give him his liberty, and if you win, I'll 
give you a check for a thousand dollars so 
fixed that you can easily collect it." 

I saw the greedy desire for play and gold 
creep into the man's eyes. "I'll take yer," 
he said. Dice and cups were brought for- 
ward. King Jim shook first, turning up a 



204 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



five and a three. Sending up an inward 
prayer to heaven for help, I seized the dice- 
cup and threw. The dice fell out upon the 
table. "Biddeford, Biddeford," yelled the 
brakeman, and my acquaintance seized his 
valise and hurried from the car. 



Some Advantages of a Country 
College. 

TT is often contended that the advantages 
^ of a college situated in the country are 
offset by what are thought to be disadvan- 
tages. That a college located in a small com- 
munity, far from the distracting influences of 
a great city, possesses superior advantages for 
study is not to be gainsaid. 

Since a majority of the students in the 
United States are comprised within the 
smaller colleges and universities, there should 
exist good reasons why, instead of choosing 
for their Alma Mater the larger institutions 
like Yale, Harvard, the University of Michi- 
gan and others, this majority prefers the 
numerous small colleges situated in out-of- 
the-way country towns and villages. A 
strong argument and one which doubtless 
impels parents to send their sons to the 
smaller colleges, is the absence of influences 
which tend to divert the attention of the 
students from their daily studies. In the 
city the tendency is to draw the student 
away from his books, to divert his mind from 
his various duties, and to give him false ideas 
of life which, in future years, may dwarf his 
character and demolish the ideals of his 
more youthful days. The most important 
factor of success is application; without this 
no student, however brilliant, can hope to 
succeed. The lack of application, a common 
failing in our small colleges, is likely to pre- 
vail in a larger degree in our metropolitan 
institutions because the student, having the 
outside temptations of a great city, must nec- 
essarily be influenced by them to a greater or 



less degree. When a student studies he 
must not enter into his work in a half-hearted 
way and be continually allowing his mind to 
wander from the subject before him, but he 
must buckle down to his work and, casting 
all outside thoughts and engagements away 
from him, must devote himself exclusively 
to the subject matter before him. How 
much easier is it for a student in the country 
college thus to devote his entire attention to 
his books than for his friend in the city to 
do the same, surrounded and beset on all 
sides by influences which are constantly 
diverting his mind from its proper pursuits. 

Another advantage in favor of the small 
college is the intimate acquaintance and 
association with the professors and members 
of the faculty. Here the students may per- 
sonally know their instructors and their 
families, and the intercourse between the 
students and men of cultivation and high 
moral standing is of inestimable value to 
the college man in moulding his character 
and in starting him on his course in life. 
Unfortunately many of the students of our 
country colleges are slow in appreciating the 
great benefits to be derived from this inti- 
macy with their instructors, but it is no fault 
of the colleges if they give their students 
the opportunity of this acquaintance and 
the students do not see fit to make use of it. 
In addition to his relationship with the 
professors is another point which binds the 
student to the small college. There being a 
smaller number of students with whom to 
associate he is thrown into more direct con- 
tact with them, and can more easily select 
friends who are of his own disposition and 
who may be, perhaps, his life-long com- 
panions. But in the large institution the 
case is different; he has a passing acquaint- 
ance with many, and but little opportunity 
to form true friendships with his fellow- 
students. 

The expense of a college education is 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



205 



often a factor of much importance to stu- 
dents in choosing their Alma Mater, in fact 
it frequently is the sole reason why some 
institutions are so well filled and why others 
have so hard a struggle to succeed. In the 
country, room rent, board, in fact everything 
is less expensive than in the city, and there 
are many ways in which an ambitious stu- 
dent can earn more or less in outside work, 
and still devote sufficient time to his college 
duties. Besides, in most country colleges, 
there are fewer occasions to spend money 
than in a city institution, and he is likely to 
be more prudent in his expenses. 

The question whether one college is more 
healthful than another is of vital importance, 
and the college which possesses this advan- 
tage is more desirable than those institutions 
which do not possess them. Certainly a col- 
lege situated in the open country, with 
plenty of room for a generous-sized campus 
and with woods and streams near at hand, 
where the students maj' spend any leisure 
time they may have in healthful occupations, 
possesses superior advantages to its sister 
institution which is hemmed in by brick walls 
and overhung by smoky skies, and whose 
students must seek their recreation in clubs 
or places of amusement generally of a low 
moral tone. 

Some of the more evident advantages of 
the country college have been stated above, 
and while we do not deny that the city insti- 
tution possesses some advantages which are 
not possessed by its country sister, we must 
claim, after an unbiased statement of the 
subject, that our smaller colleges offer supe- 
rior advantages to those who seek their 
classic shades for the sole purpose of mental 
and moral culture. 



Andrew Carnegie has given Williams College 
$900 to free the infirmary from debt. 

The University of Pennsylvania has sent a 
geological expedition to central Africa. 



Bowdoir? \3ep§e. 

When Love is Dead. 

[Rondeau.] 
When love is dead can friendship more 
Bind hearts it firmly bound of yore? 
When severed is love's heavy chain 
Can lovers pardon passion's pain, 
And friendship's god in peace adore ? 

Ah, no; love coming shuts the door 
Against the friendship prized before; 
And that shut out, comes not again 

When love is dead. 

The grafted tree gives uoble store, 
But not of fruit it erstwhile bore; 
And wbeu the new fruit fails, in vain 
We seek the old-time fruit to gain. 
And vain for friendship to implore 

When love is dead. 



A Trio of Winter Triolets. 

Under the silver moon, 
Over the silver snow ; 
Happy young hearts atune, 
Under the silver moon 
Merrily on we go. 
Gone is the night too soon 
Under the silver moon, 
Over the silver snow. 



Wild over valley and hill 
The fight of fights is raging. 
With wonderful strength and skill, 
Wild over valley and hill 
Grim Winter his war is raging, — 
Hark to his war-cry shrill ! 
Wild over valley and hill 
The fight of fights is raging. 



Upon her grave to-night 
I saw the snow-flakes fall ; 
They lie so pure and light 
Upon her grave to-night, 
A fair and fitting pall 
For her whose heart was white. 
Upon her grave to-night 
I saw the snow-flakes fall. 



206 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



A Ballade of Bowdoin Pines. 

O Bowdoin pines we hold so dear ! 
When winds of winter wildly blow, 
And tempest-squadrons, far and near, 
With trumpet blare assail tbe foe, — 
When summer breezes, to and fro, 
The fragrance of the flowers distill, — 
Whatever change the winds may show, 
The pines of Bowdoin whisper still. 

Beneath their shades we see appear 
The hazy forms of long ago ; 
And side by side with these we hear, 
When soft the twilight after-glow, 
The sweetest music gently flow ; 
And visions fair our young hearts fill, 
As, with their branches swaying slow, 
The pines of Bowdoin whisper still. 

Such wondrous music, rich and clear, 
No other hearts can ever know, 
As that which thrills us year by year 
The dear old whispering pines below; 
And ever richer doth it grow, 
And spread its message far, until 
To all the wide world listening so 
The pines of Bowdoin whisper still. 

Envoy. 
O Bowdoin boys, our youth must go ; 
Yet though we wander where we will, 
Forever for us, sweet and low, 
The pines of Bowdoin whisper still. 



Beneath the Mistletoe. 

On Christmas eve, surpassing fair, 

She stands in graceful pose; 
From out the meshes of her hair 

There peeps a budding rose ; 
Her love-lit eyes dart glances coy, 

Her cheeks with blushes glow; 
I see her pause, O bliss and joy! 

Beneath the mistletoe. 

I scarce receive with proper grace 

The challenge from her eyes, 
When suddenly to my embrace 

A mocking laugh replies — 
A laugh which turns my perfect bliss 

To rage, despair, and woe — 
It is my sister whom I kiss 

Beneath the mistletoe. 



Thomas B. 

(Tune of Phi Chi.) 
I. 
A young man came to Bowdoin, 
Not many years ago, 
As green as any Freshman ; 
It always must be so. 
But, thanks to the old college, 
That greenness soon did go, 
For Tom Reed is marching on to victory. 

Chorus : 
Hurrah! Hurrah ! Hurrah for Thomas B. 
Hurrah ! Hurrah ! for he's the man for me. 
Among all the other candidates 
'Tis him alone I see, 
And we will follow him to victory. 

ii. 

You have seen his work in Congress, 
And have read the record o'er, 
How not a man could frighten him, 
Not even " Buck" Kilgore ; 
How they thought they'd made an end 

of him, 
But he's Speaker now once more. 
For Tom Reed is marching on to victory. 

Chorus. 

hi. 

And when he's once elected, 

As he soon will surely be, 

The fame of Bowdoin College 

Will extend from sea to sea. 

For she'll have made two Presidents, 

And then can make it three, 

For Tom Reed is marching on to victory. 
Chorus. 



Ohio has more colleges than any other state in 
the Union, Illinois being next in number. 

It is said that Yale will challenge Columbia to 
an eight-oar boat race next year. 

The Freshman says, " I know it," 

The Sophomore says, " Just so," 

The Junior says, " Can't prove it," 

The Senior says, " Don't know." — Ex. 

" Pray, answer me this, 
What shape is a kiss, 
O maiden most charming and fickle 1 " 

" Why, sir," answered she, 

" It seemeth to me, 
That I surely should call it a-lip-tickle." 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



207 




Our Art Building, designed 
by McKim, Mead & White, is 
given quite a little attention in a book 
recently issued by tbem, containing 
descriptions of their more important 
structures erected during the last 
twenty years. 

Good skating is scarce this season. 

Woodbury, '95, was at the college last week. 

Prof. Emery passed the holiday in Ellsworth. 

Bartlott, '92, was on the campus over Sunday, 
the 8th. 

Blodgett, '96, passed Thanksgiving with friends 
in Saco. 

The Thanksgiving vacation gave us pleasant 
weather. 

Oakes, '96, is back from a rather lengthy can- 
vassing tour. 

The '99 sweaters have come, and are generally 
worn by the class. 

Simpson, '94, joined the number of returning 
alumni, last week. 

The Glee Club is to appear in Augusta in the 
middle of January. 

Andros, '97, had a leading part in a farce lately 
staged in Gardiner. 

Moore, '95, passed a Sunday on the campus, on 
his return to Wilton. 

One more of civilization's luxuries in Bruns- 
wick — a night luuch-cart. 

Hebb, '96, left last week, called home by the 
serious illness of a brother. 

In Towne's window are two paintings, by M. A. 
L. B., that are worth noticing. 

Quitnby, '95, now teaching in Laconia, N. H., 
was in town over Thanksgiving. 

Prof. H utchins was ill the greater part of week 
before last with a bad sore throat. 

The "Frogs of Windham," given with such 
success last winter, is to be repeated. 



Very popular vesper services have been com- 
menced in the Congregational vestry. 

A week ago Monday the division in Anatomy 
enjoyed oral tests on the human skull. 

Arthur Sidman, in " A Summer Shower," was the 
attraction at the Town Hall last week. 

Next term is the time to get down to work, and 
put in the long evenings in indoor pleasures. 

Burbank, '96, lengthened his Thanksgiving 
recess a week or more on account of sickness. 

Crossman, '96, who has been teaching in northern 
Vermont, is back for the remainder of the year. 

Monday evening, December 1st, Colonel French 
lectured on Alaska in the Berean Baptist Church. 

" Billee Taylor," in Lewistou Saturday evening, 
the 14th, was seen by quite a party of Bowdoin stu- 
dents. 

Gahan, '87, now instructor in the Manchester 
gymnasium, was in Brunswick over Thanksgiving. 

Plaisted, '95, is reported to be almost entirely 
recovered from his recent serious attack of typhoid 
fever. 

Scheda, the violinist from Lewiston, with a com- 
pany of vocalists, gave a very fine concert here 
lately. 

The second eleven were photographed lately 
and made a rather good-sized group, 18 men being 
eligible. 

Christy, '95, is to teach the winter term of school 
in Monticello, entering the Medical School here at 
the close. 

The slippery sidewalks have made a certain 
amount of skating ability not a luxury, but a 
necessity. 

The coffer-dam above the bridge was destroyed 
by dynamite last week, and now the water is flowing 
over the new dam. 

One of Brunswick's business men claims to have 
shot a wild goose on the delta, that served for his 
Thanksgiving dinner. 

The Christmas Munsey's contains a good picture 
of Robert E. Peary, '77, and a brief account of his 
exploits in the North. 

President Hyde has an interesting article in the 
December Forum, on "The Pilgrim Principle and 
the Pilgrim Heritage." 

Christie, '95, spent Thanksgiving with his class- 
mate Doherty in Houlton. Christie is to teach in 
Monticello for the winter. 

But few of the students have been on the river 



208 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



skating as yet. The ice is rough, and the smooth 
places few and far between. 

The Congregational Church has been connected 
with the college gas plant, and evening services in 
the church have been resumed. 

In chapel last Sunday President Hyde referred, 
in a general way, to one or two faults that might be 
found with student life at the preseut day. 

President Hyde was in Bristol lately, attending 
a meeting of a committee of the Interdenomina- 
tional Commission over a disputed church claim. 

Skis, manufactured by the Brunswick Swing Co., 
are offered for sale by Furbish. Skiing and snow- 
shoeing should be enjoyed side by side this winter. 

Sub-Master Merritt, '94, of the Edward Little 
High School of Auburn, showed a group of his 
pupils over the college an afternoon of week before 
last. 

John Piske of Cambridge, author and lecturer, 
spoke to members and friends of the Saturday Club, 
Saturday, December 7th, on "The Salem Witch- 
craft." 

For the month of November, 775 books have 
been taken out of the library, the largest number 
being taken out on the 26th, when 71 books were 
called for. 

Webber, '95, passed through from Jonesport last 
week, where he is principal of the Grammar School. 
Wilbur, '94, is principal of the High School at the 
same place. 

It would be a pleasant thing to have a favorable 
decision of the Garcelon will case reached about 
Christmas time; a Christmas remembrance, as it 
were, to Bowdoin. 

The day before Thanksgiving witnessed the 
usual lively times at the station, the students occu- 
pying time between trains with yelling and scrap- 
ping on a quiet scale. 

The Sophomore prize speaking is to be held 
Thursday evening in Memorial Hall, and will be 
unusually attractive and interesting. The college 
orchestra will furnish music. 

The reference department of the library has 
been enriched with a complete file of the National 
Bevieiv, a magazine that is almost a necessity for 
the treatment of some subjects. 

Gymnasium work begins the first of next term, 
the classes taking the same course as last winter. 
For various reasons the usual two weeks' work 
during this term has been omitted this year. 



Prof. MacDonald spoke in chapel Sunday, the 
7th, speaking on Carlyle, the hundredth anniver- 
sary of whose birth was recently celebrated in 
England by opening his former home as a Carlyle 
museum. 

The present week is probably the busiest week 
of the whole term for the greater portion of the 
students; for as yet no one has found a way to 
prepare for examinations that will eliminate hard 
work. 

A quartette, Ward, Coburu, Drake, and White, 
'98, from. Banjo and Guitar Club, assisted at an 
entertainment given by the Universalist Church of 
Gardiner, Thursday and Friday evenings of last 
week. 

At the third annual meeting of the Interde- 
nominational Commission in Augusta last Wednes- 
day, President Hyde was re-elected President. 
Rev. E. S. Stackpole, 71, is also a member of the 
commission. 

Brunswick has a young lady dentist and the 
college boys are becoming very solicitous as to their 
teeth; though what relation there may be between 
these two reported facts, is a grave question. — Ken- 
nebec Journal. 

Prof. Chapman delivered the evening address at 
the centennial of the Winter Street Church of Bath, 
Saturday, November 30th. The papers speak of 
the address as attracting the closest attention of 
the audience. 

This winter promises to be well filled with enter- 
tainment. Beside the Saturday Club course already 
begun, the Congregationalist ladies are to present 
several attractions for the purpose of raising money 
for church repairs. 

The Christmas magazines were unusually bright 
and interesting this year. In the library are 
Harper's, Century, Scribner's, Atlantic, Cosmo- 
politan, Outing, McClure's, Review of Reviews, etc., 
all of which have special holiday features. 

The Junior Class officers have adopted the 
rather novel method of posting the church and 
chapel cuts of the class on the bulletin-board in the 
Science Building. According to the figures, the 
Juniors have plenty of opportunities to improve 
their attendance. 

Prof. Little has made arrangements to furnish 
opportunities for the students to carry out President 
Hyde's suggestions as to Sunday occupations. He 
has drawn up a list of books on almost every subject 
of national interest at the present time, also from 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



209 



literature and fiction, and offers to let them be 
taken out for over Sunday even if the taker has the 
full number out already. 

During review week the Seniors in Psychology 
have been writing daily tests in the class-room, and 
have been writing syllabi on anger, fear, etc., for 
use in the compiling of a new book on Psychology 
now in process of preparation at Worcester, under 
the direction of Stanley Hall. 

Bowdoin boys in sending out invitations to 
dances should remember that Bath is a special 
delivery town, and two cents postage is required. 
For the last dance every recipient of au invitation 
had to come up with an extra penny, the student 
using one-cent stamps. — Bath Independent. 

The list of Bowdoin publications printed below 
is larger than the ordinary Bowdoin student has 
any idea of, and contains several volumes of more 
than passing interest. Copies of all can be obtained 
of Professor G. T. Little : 

History of Bowdoin College with biographical sketches of 
its graduates from 1806 to 1879 inclusive. By Nehemiah 
Cleaveland. Edited and completed by Alpheus Spring 
Packard. Boston, 1882. Octavo, 905 pages, 50 illustra- 
tions. $5.00. 
Additions and Corrections to History of Bowdoin College. 

Brunswick, 1S87. Octavo, 25 pages. 25 cents. 
Catalogue of the Library of Bowdoin College, to which is 
added an index of subjects. Brunswick, 1863. Octavo, 
832 pages. $ 1.00. 
The Bowdoin Collection. Text by Rev. Fred H. Allen, 
Brunswick, 1886. Folio. 20 photogravures of draw- 
ings and paintings. $1.00. 
Bowdoin in the War. College Roll of Honor. Brunswick. 

1867. Octavo, 36 pages. 25 cents. 
Three discourses upon the Religious History of Bowdoin 
College. By Egbert C. Smyth. Brunswick, 1858. Oc- 
tavo, 80 pages. 25 cents. 
Songs of Bowdoin. [Copyrighted, 1S75, by Arlo Bates.] 

Small quarto, 40 pages. 25 cents. — 
General Catalogue of Bowdoin College and the Medical 
School of Maine, 1794-1894, including an historical 
sketch of the institution. Brunswick, 1894. Octavo, 
cxn plus 216 pages with seven illustrations. $1.00. 
Descriptive Catalogue of the Bowdoin Drawings. 52 pages, 

12mo. 1S85. 25 cents. 
Descriptive Catalogue of the Art Collection. 82 pages, 
12mo. 1895. 25 cents. 



McCornack will captain Dartmouth's eleven for 
the second time. 

An exchange claims that for fifty years no 
smoker has graduated from Harvard with the 
honors of his class. 



The meetings of this fall term have been well 
attended. Considerable interest in Christian work 
and in the Bible study has been manifested. 

The outlook for the winter term seems bright, 
and with the long evenings more time can be 
devoted to Bible study. We must remember that 
the growth of the Christian character is greatly 
helped by coming into touch with others who are 
striving to attain the same end that we are. 



There are great tracts of life in which either of 
two courses may be right, and we are left to the 
decision of choice rather than of duty ; but high 
above all these, let us see towering that divine 
necessity. It is a daily struggle to bring "I will" 
to coincide with "I ought; " and there is only one 
adequate and always powerful way of securing that 
coincidence, and it is to keep close to Jesus Christ, 
and to drink in His spirit. Then, when duty and 
delight are conterminous, the rough places will be 
plain, and the crooked things straight, and every 
mountain shall be brought low, and every valley 
shall be exalted, and life will be blessed, and service 
will be freedom. Joy and liberty and power and 
peace will fill our hearts when this is the law of our 
being; "All that the Lord hath spoken, that must 
I do." — Alexander HcClaren, D.D., in "Christ's 
Musts." 



Not man alone grows great by being lifted up; 
when rain and snow are taken out of soil and lifted 
up into growing vine, they become a purple flood ; 
when phosphates at the root's bottom are lifted to 
the top of the wheat stalk, they become the world's 
food; when iron and carbon of soil are lifted up 
and built into oak and pine, they take a place in 
universal art and industry ; when stones are lifted 
from quarry into wall and tower, they become 
temples and palaces. Similarly, He who is to be the 
Exemplar and Redeemer of mankind was lifted up 
before all the world, the model of the best that is 
to be; representing that last estate to which religion 
and civilization shall bring the race ; the mark to 
show the highest point of the tide to which moral 
excellence shall rise in the ages to come. The 
name of Jesus Christ globes within itself every idea 
and ideal of man; all gentleness and justice; all 
wisdom and all mercy ; all sympathy and tender- 
ness; all courage, and self-sacrifice, and purity; 



210 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



above all, love, tropical, immeasurable, inimitable. 
As the flashing orb in the sky has lifted the tides 
in forward flow, so the Name above every name 
lifts society upward in character and culture, and 
will yet lift man back to his Father's side. — N. D. 
Hillis, D.D. 



Book I^eviewg. 

(Moliere's Les Precieuses Ridicules. Edited with 
notes and vocabulary by M. W. Davis, Roxbury 
Latin School. Ginn & Co.) This play, one of the 
most attractive of Moliere's many witty productions, 
is especially fitted for easy reading by classes fairly 
well advanced. The introduction, which is unusu- 
ally full, contains a biographical sketch of Moliere 
worth reading for its own sake, critical estimates of 
Moliere by Goethe and Sainte-Beuve, an historical 
introduction, Moliere and the Precieuses, a map of 
Love's Land with explanations and a complete 
bibliography. The notes are full, and upon points 
well selected, while the vocabulary is full. All in 
all, the book is a valuable addition to Modern 
Language Series of Ginn & Co. 




'24.— In the United States 
'Senate, Tuesday, December 
I Oth, Senator Chandler of New Hamp- 
shire introduced a bill to authorize 
the erection of a statue of President Frank- 
lin Pierce upon the grounds of the public 
building at Concord, N. H. 

'34.— Cyrus Hamlin gave a very interesting lect- 
ture in Portland, three weeks ago, on Turkey and 
Armenia, a subject he is especially qualified to treat 
of, for he was president of Robert College, Con- 
stantinople, the pioneer college in Turkey, for many 
years. 

'53.— Chief Justice Fuller has lately given a 
memorial window to the St. James Episcopal Church 
at Oldtown, where he was once a resident. The 
window is in memory of his mother. 

'56.— Rev. Dr. E. P. Parker, of Hartford, Conn., 
is celebrated as a preacher and poet, as a writer of 



hymns and as a musician. Dr. Parker was formerly 
at the head of Lewiston Falls Academy in Auburn, 
now Edward Little High School. Yale College 
having just established a musical department, Dr. 
Parker is now appointed to a position in the Yale 
College Corporation, representing the new musical 
specialty. The Degree of Bachelor of Music is 
now conferred. Dr. Stoeckel is at the head of the 
professorship. The New York Times gives this 
sketch of Dr. Parker: "The Rev. Dr. Edwin Pond 
Parker, honorable degree, '75, of Hartford, who was 
elected to fill the vacancy of the Yale Corporation 
caused by the death of the Rev. Edward A. Smith, 
also of Hartford, was born in Castine, Me., in 1836, 
but though a native of that state, he is descended, 
both through his father and his mother, from old 
Connecticut families. He was graduated at Bow- 
doin College in 1856, and at Bangor Theological 
Seminary in 1859. During two of his years in the 
seminary he taught the classics in Lewiston Falls 
Academy. Immediately after graduation he be- 
came pastor of the Second Congregational Church 
of Hartford. He was installed January 11, 1860, 
and has held that position ever since. He has had 
a longer pastorate than any other Congregational 
clergyman now preaching in Connecticut, with the 
single exception of Rev. Dr. Burr of Lyme, Conn. 
Many of the members of the Yale Corporation and 
Faculty are his near personal friends. He often 
occupies the Yale pulpit, and has delivered before 
the theological seminary a course of lectures on 
'Church Music' " 

'57. — General Charles Hamlin is in Bangor for 
the winter, and is busy arranging material for an 
extended biography of the late Hannibal Hamlin. 

At the recent annual meeting in Washington, 
D. C, of the Sons and Daughters of Maine, many 
of whose members are graduates of Bowdoin, of 
the officers elected Bowdoin has four: Two vice- 
presidents, Gen. Ellis Spear, '58, and John B. 
Cotton, '65; and two members of the executive 
committee, S. G. Davis, '65, and A. H. Davis, '60. 

'60. — Lemuel G. Downes died in Calais, Thurs- 
day, December 5th, after a short illness. Mr. 
Downes was born in Calais, where his father was an 
influential judge also, and immediately after his 
college course, studied law there for two years. 
Except for nine years of practice in Machias, he 
has had an office in Calais, where he began practice 
in 1872. Mr. Downes has always taken a high 
stand in his profession as well as in Republican 
politics, where he received many merited honors. 
' He served four terms in the Executive Council in 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



211 



1874, 1878, 1891-92, and 1893-94. As a member of 
this body he served on important committees, and 
rendered the State very valuable service. He had 
also been United States Commissioner and Judge of 
Probate for Washington County. He ever retained 
his interest in the affairs of his native city, of which 
in 1876 he was the mayor and for which he acted 
for years as the treasurer. Since 1879 he had been 
the president of the Calais National Bank, was 
president of the St. Croix Shoe Co., and president 
of the Maiue Water Co., and was actively interested 
in other business enterprises. He is survived by 
two children, a daughter, and a son who graduated 
from Bowdoin in 1892 and is now studying law in 
his father's office. Mr. Downes was a member of X *. 

'62. — Gen. Isaac W. Starbird has been appointed 
resident surgeon at the Soldiers' Home at Chelsea, 
Mass. Gen. Starbird saw nearly three years' service 
in the civil war. He entered the service in 1861 
as captain iu the Nineteenth Maine Infantry; 
was major, lieutenant-colonel and colonel of his 
regiment. He was twice wounded, at Gettysburg, 
July 3, 1863, and at High Bridge, Va., April 7, 1865. 
He was breveted brigadier-general for conspicuous 
bravery in command of his regiment. 

'67. — The Globe Quarterly Beview contains a 
beautiful poem by Henry S. Webster, now a lawyer 
in Gardiner. 

'75. — F. 0. Baston is now treasurer of the Natick, 
Mass., Five Cent Savings Bank. 

'74. — M. W. Davis, now of the Roxbury Latin 
School, has recently issued an edition of Moliere's 
"Precieuses Ridicules," with notes and vocabulary, 
for the use of beginners in French. The books con- 
tain more than the usual amount of very interest- 
ing introduction, and it is as satisfactory a text- 
book as can be found for its purpose. 

'74. — The preface of the above book shows that 
D. 0- S.' Lowell is also teaching in the Roxbury 
Latin School. 

'82.— In his conduct as mayor of Boston, Mr. 
Curtis has shown himself to be an efficient disciple 
of the theory and practice of municipal govern- 
ment, and has led in the adoption of the new city 
charter under which important reforms will be in 
order, and under which municipal elections in 
Boston will hereafter be held every two vears. 
Mayor Curtis, renominated for election, was sup- 
ported by the business men of Boston, irrespective 
of party. He had behind him a record of efficiency 
for one year which would have probably contributed 
to his larger efficiency in the second and third 
years. Boston is a nominally Democratic city, and 



Mr. Curtis's election last year was due to lack of 
harmony in Democratic ranks. As it is, the Demo- 
cratic victory this year is by a small margin. 

'84. — The Decennial Record of the Class of 1884 
is at hand. Of the twenty-four who graduated, 
all are living, sixteen are married, seven are engaged 
in educational work, five are lawyers, three clergy- 
men, and the rest are eugaged in different occupa- 
tions. Adams is at Rutgers College, New Bruns- 
wick, N. J. ; Barton, a lawyer in Portland, Me. ; 
Bradley is living in Bangor; Brown is a physician 
in New York City ; Child is practicing law in Min- 
neapolis; Clark is in the employ of Dietz, Denni- 
son & Prior, bankers, Boston; Cothren is out of 
health and has been iu the South; Fogg is at his 
home in South Freeport; Hilton is in business at 
Damariscotta, Me.; Kemp is Professor of Latin and 
Greek, at Springfield, Mass.; Knight is teaching in 
Springvale, Me.; Longren is pastor of First Con- 
gregational Church, Franklin, Mass. ; Means is a 
pastor in Enfield, Conn. ; Orr, a lawyer in Stock- 
ton. Cal.; Phiuney is in business, New York City; 
Say ward is a teacher in Boston; Smith, pastor, 
Framingham, Mass.; Thompson, lawyer, Union, 
Me. ; Torrey, Joseph, Instructor in Chemistry, Har- 
vard College; Torrey, C. C, Instructor in Semitic 
Languages, Harvard College; Walker, manufact- 
urer, Portland, Oregon ; Waterman, banking and 
law, Gorharn, Me. ; Wright, Junior Master English 
High School, Boston. 

Ex-'85. — Morrill Goddard has achieved success 
in the great newspaper field of New York, and is 
now filling one of the most responsible positions on 
the paper, that of managing editor of the Sunday 
World. When just out of Dartmouth, he entered 
New York City and applied to the World for a situ- 
ation. He was told that men without experience 
were not wanted on newspapers, but persisting, was 
informed that any desirable story or news which 
their reporters did not get would be purchased. 
He accordingly sallied out and visited a remote 
portion of the city where the Yorktown police court 
was located, and succeeded in securing several ex- 
clusives which he sold to the World. Such was his 
activity and enterprise that in six weeks he was 
given a reportorial position on the paper, of course 
at the bottom of the ladder, with a limited salary. 
Later he was promoted to the position of managing 
the World's New England news bureau, with head- 
quarters in Boston, and it was while filling this 
place and spending his vacation in Portland that he 
started the Stain and Cromwell campaign. He 
served two seasons as a Washington correspondent 



212 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



of the World, was assistant city editor, assistant 
news editor, then city editor. Three years ago, 
when Mr. Pulitzer was in Europe for his health, he 
sent for Mr. Goddard who, in response, went abroad 
and for a period acted as his private secretary, 
until Mr. Pulitzer appointed him to his present 
position. 

'87.— F. D. Dearth has opened a law office at 
Dexter. If he is as successful in law as he was as 
a base-ball player while in Bowdoin College he will 
win his cases. — Bath Independent. 

'89.— Sanford L. Fogg has been appointed, by 
Governor Cleaves, Municipal Judge of Bath. 

'90. — Haverhill, Mass., December 5th, born to the 
wife of Dr. George W. Blanchard, a son, "George 
Wesley, Jr." 

'90. — Boston, Mass., November 27th, born to the 
wife of Joseph Pendleton, a daughter, Dorothy. 

'92. — Clinton Stacey, a member of the Bowdoin 
Medical Class of 1896, closed recently a successful 
term at the Bingham High School, and will return 
to the Medical School the first of next month. 

Medical, '94.— Dr. Arthur W. Shurtleff died in 
Lewiston, Saturday, November 16th. His death 
was very unexpected, resulting from an attack of 
apoplexy. 

'94. — Plaisted, who has been seriously ill with 
typhoid fever in Bangor, has almost completely 
recovered and will probably go South for the winter. 

'95. — Doherty has been appointed Justice of the 
Peace and Quorum by Governor Cleaves. 



©ollege \J9©pld. 

Always Apropos. 
Said he, " May I speak a word with you ? " 

Said she, " I'm at your disposal 
Whether or not 'tis apropos," 
Said he, " 'Tis apropos-al." 

— The Lafayette. 

Dartmouth has just organized a press club. 

A congress of the Greek-letter fraternities is 
being held at the Atlanta Exposition. 

During the past year 12,880 volumes have been 
added to the Cornell University library. 

One-sixteenth of the college students in this 
country are studying for the ministry. 

The highest salary of any college professor is 
$20,000, paid to Professor Turner of Edinburgh 
University. 



THE FISK TEACHERS' ACENCIES, 
4Ashburton Place, Boston; 70 Fifth Avenue, N. Y.; 355 
Wabash Avenue, Chicago; 25 King Street, West, Toronto; 1242 
Twelfth Street, Washington, D. C; 120% South Spring Street, 
Los Angeles; Century Building, Minneapolis, Minn. Agency 
Manual Free. 

Everett O. Fiske & Co. 



Pocket Kodaks 



TOWNE'S PHARMACY, 



CALL 




AND 


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EXAMINE 


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THEM. 





116 Main Street, 

BRUNSWICK, ME. 





BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Vol. XXV. BRUNSWICK, MAINE, JANUARY 22, 1896. No. 12. 



BOWDOIN O RUE NT. 

PUBLISHED EVERY ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY DURING 
THE COLLEGIATE YEAR BY THE STUDENTS OF 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE. 



EDITORIAL BOARD. 

J. C. Minot, '96, Editor-in-Chief. 

C. W. Marston, '96, Assistant Editor-in-Chief. 

H. E. Blodgett, '96, Business Manager. 

G. T. Ordway, '96. H. H. Pierce, '96. 

H. Gilpatric, '96. R. S. Hagar, '97. 

P. P. Baxter, '98. T. L. Marble, '98. 

C. C. Smith, '98. 



Per annum, in advance, 
Single Copies, 



. $2.00. 
15 Cents. 



Itemittances should be made to the Business Manager. Com. 
municationsin regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Editor-in-Chief. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
lie wishes to have appended. 



Personal items should be sent to Box 1100, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post-Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 

Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston. 

CONTENTS. 

Vol. XXV., No. 12.— January 22, 1896. 

Editorial Notes 213 

New York Alumni of Bowdoin, 215 

Eugene Field, 216 

Bowdoin Verse : 

The Old Year's Burial 219 

The Reply of Philotas 219 

Collegii Tabula, 220 

Y. M. C. A 223 

Personal 223 

In Memoriam 225 

College World, 226 




The choice of a profession is one of 
the subjects which demand the most serious 
thought of the college man. With some 
the matter is settled before they enter col- 
lege ; others make their final choice early in 
their course, and shape their study accord- 
ingly; but many others do not give the 
subject careful and serious deliberation until 
well toward their graduation. After gradu- 
ation, what? Many of us hesitate too long- 
before we frame for ourselves a satisfactory 
answer to this important question. It is 
dangerous to answer it too early, but it is 
fatal to delay too long. For those who are 
still postponing a decision, Senior year is a 
time of restless uncertainty, and even of 
despondency and discouragement. To such, 
and indeed to all of us, the words of Dean 
Hodges, last week, were an inspiration. He 
made no attempt to show the advantages 
and drawbacks of the various professions — 
books, magazines, and current literature have 
much along these lines — but he laid down 
principles that should guide the life of the 
college-bred man, whatever his profession. 
Our college course is designed to teach us to 
think, to develop our powers of reason, and 
whatever our profession we cannot have this 
ability in too high a degree. It is the place 
of college men in the world, whatever their 
profession, to be the leaders and masters of 



214 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



others. And most of all it is the duty of 
the college-bred man to use his knowledge 
as a power for good in his community, to 
serve with intelligence his fellow-men, his 
country, and his God. After all, not so 
much depends on the profession we choose 
as upon the head and heart which we put 
into it. The profession cannot elevate us, 
but we can elevate the profession ; nor can 
the profession, if honest, degrade us, though 
we can, if we will, degrade any profession. 



IT is a most unfortunate and lamentable 
fact that some college boys find no joy in 
life so great, no pleasure so sweet, as that 
afforded by "swiping" the property of 
others. Whether the "swiped" article is a 
sign from the street, an electric light bulb 
from a college building, or a book from a 
college chum, matters little to these individ- 
uals who are very numerous in our midst. 
No persons uphold such practices. The most 
enthusiastic and devoted " swipers " cannot 
deny that it is dishonest, unmanly, cowardly, 
and sneaking. They gain little or nothing 
by their acquisitions, while others are often 
caused serious loss and inconvenience. But 
college boys, here as elsewhere, will swipe, 
and it seems to be a part of their nature the 
same as it is to be fresh while Freshmen and 
boisterous while Sophomores. The swiping 
of the signs, electric light bulbs, books, etc., 
of others is just as bad in principle, though 
not quite so bad in degree, as certain more 
serious cases of stealing which have been 
known on the campus within the past few 
months. Losses of money and other valua- 
bles, both from rooms in the halls and from 
the gymnasium, have been too numerous. 
The Orient is very loath to believe that 
there are students here who possess the 
thievish instinct to this degree, yet it is 
difficult in some cases to believe that out- 
siders could have committed the crime. It 



is hard to make the distinction^between 
"swiping" and stealing, yet there is a dis- 
tinction understood by college men. We 
have many " swipers," but thieves — can it be 
possible there is one in our midst? Perhaps 
among the three hundred students there has 
found his way one who thus disgraces the 
proud standard of honor and manhood in 
our college. For such a person disgraceful 
expulsion and the extreme punishment of 
the law would not be too severe. We hesi- 
tate to believe the existence of a Bowdoin 
student who will add stealing to "swiping," 
but either one does exist or else "yagger" 
thieves are getting very bold and clever. 
Since prevention is better than cure, students 
should be more careful about leaving money 
and valuables lying about in unlocked rooms 
or in the gymnasium. 



TTfHE need of some novel feature, some 
-*■ striking departure from the usual pro- 
gramme, has been felt by those in charge of 
our recent annual athletic exhibitions. This 
year the management has entered early upon 
the consideration of this matter, and the 
plan brought forward at the mass-meeting of 
the students last week seems a very feasible 
one. It is proposed to give the exhibition 
more the nature of an indoor athletic meet, 
and by introducing the element of genuine 
competition in contests for prizes to add to 
the enthusiasm of those participating, and 
to the attractiveness of the occasion for 
outsiders. The class squad drills and other 
popular features of the exhibition will be 
retained, and the introduction of such 
contests as the floor of the town hall will 
allow, will certainly prove a popular innova- 
tion. To make a success of this all athletes 
must do conscientious work in the gymna- 
sium along whatever lines they feel they can 
do the best, and all must enter heartily into 
the spirit of the thing. It is also proposed 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



215 



that the exhibition and contests be repeated 
in Bath, where the immense floor of the 
Alameda would give ample room for a meet 
on a larger scale than can be held here. 
The management will try to get the other 
Maine colleges to join in making this, in a 
way, a midwinter intercollegiate meet by 
sending representatives to compete in the 
various events. Such an entertainment in 
the Shipping City would certainly prove, 
under our efficient manager, a financial suc- 
cess. We sincerely hope this scheme may 
be carried out and that the other colleges 
will not hesitate to do their part. It would 
be as much to their advantage as ours, and 
would give the field and track athletes of 
all a good start in their preparation for the 
field day next June. 



1I7HE December number of the Tuftonian 
*- has an editorial relative to a proposed 
league in foot-ball and base-ball between 
Wesleyan or Trinity, Bowdoin, and Tufts. 
The Orient has received a letter from the 
Tuftonian editor, asking us to bring the 
matter to the attention of the Bowdoin stu- 
dents, and this we are very glad to do. The 
sentiment at Tufts is very strong for some 
such league as this, as offering an additional 
stimulus to good work in athletics, and the 
advisory committee on athletics there is 
ready and willing to take the initiative in 
the matter if there is any intimation that 
the other colleges are agreeable to the plan. 
They have made us no formal proposal yet, 
but desire first to get the sentiment of our 
college. We therefore bring the subject 
before our readers and urge a most careful 
consideration of the matter by all those 
interested in the athletic welfare of Bowdoin. 
The Orient believes that a foot-ball and 
base-ball league between Bowdoin, Tufts, 
and Wesleyan or Trinity would, without 
doubt, benefit all the colleges concerned. 



It would not prevent us from playing our 
usual games in both these sports with our 
sister Maine colleges and the various outside 
colleges that we usually meet. It is not 
probable that it would cause any considerable 
increase of expenses. The colleges con- 
cerned are of practically equal strength, and 
there is certainly ground for confidence that 
Bowdoiu's record in such a league would 
be a creditable one, and would materially 
spread our reputation as an athletic insti- 
tution. The incentive of having league 
games to win and a championship to work 
for would give us increased enthusiasm 
and energy, and would certainly result in 
strengthening our foot-ball and base-ball 
teams. Certainly Bowdoin has much to 
gain in entering a league outside the State, 
and the proposition of Tufts is worthy of 
careful thought. Let all interested in our 
athletic welfare consider the advantages and 
disadvantages of such a plan, and then we can 
have a mass-meeting and act intelligently. 
Some may feel a little resentment against 
Tufts for her seemingly unwarranted cancel- 
lation of foot-ball games with us in recent 
seasons, but this should not give rise to any 
prejudice against the proposed league. The 
fact that Tufts proposes the league shows 
the best of feeling and a desire for the 
mutual good of the colleges concerned. 



New York Alumni of Bowdoin. 
TTBOUT forty of the sons of Bowdoin in 
/*■ the City of New York met at Hotel 
Savoy, January 7th, for their twenty-sixth 
annual meeting and dinner. President Hyde 
was present as the representative of the 
college and delivered the opening address. 
Other speakers of the occasion were: J. H. 
Hubbard, '57, E. B. Merrill, '57, W. A. Ab- 
bott, '58, James McKeen, '64, W. J. Curtis, 
'75, G. F. Harriman, '75, P. P. Simmons, '75, 
F. W. Hawthorn, '74, and H. W. Grindal, '80. 



216 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Some of those present beside those men- 
tioned above were: Nathaniel Cothren, '49, 
Gen. J. L. Chamberlain, '52, J. H. Goodenow, 
'52, G. E. Moulton, '62, A. F. Libby, '64, 
E. H. Cook, Ph.D., '66, Dr. F. W. Ring, '69, 
Dr. N. F. Curtis, 71, C. L. Clark, '75, F. R. 
Upton, 75, Dr. F. H. Dillingham, 77, Dr. 

E. J. Pratt, 75, G. W. Tilson, 77, and H. S. 
Chapman, '91. Memorials were passed upon 

F. W. Upham, '37, Dr. G. F. Jackson, '50, 
and M. M. Robinson, '56, members of the 
association who have died within the year. 

The following officers were elected: Pres- 
ident, J. H. Goodenow, '52; Vice-Presidents, 
J. L. Chamberlain, '52, A. F. Libby, '64, 
Lucien Howe, 70, DeA. S. Alexander, 70, 
and W. J. Curtis, 75; Corresponding Sec- 
retary, L. A. Rogers, 75; Recording Secre- 
tary and Treasurer, Dr. F. H. Dillingham, 
77. The following Trustees were also 
elected: Thomas H. Hubbard, '57, William 
A. Abbott, '58, Frederick G. Dow, 72, 
H. W. Grindal, '80, George E. Moulton, 
'62, P. P. Simmons, 75, and G. H. Harriman, 
75. There were covers laid for forty in the 
breakfast room on the first floor of the hotel 
and the proceedings were altogether of a 
social nature. 

A feature of the evening was the follow- 
ing poem, written for the occasion by Isaac 
McLellan of Greenport, L. I., the only sur- 
viving member of the Class of '26, and an 
active and most loyal son of old Bowdoin: 

We children of one Mater dear 
Assembled in life's late career, 

Offer our filial love ; 
Wo think of her maternal care, 

Her smiling look, her features fair, 
Her loving speech, her sacred prayer, 

Her themes of Worlds above. 

Dear Guardian of our early days ; 
She cheered us with her words of praise 

When lives were good and true ; 
Her gentle hands on heads were laid 

Whene'er our devious footsteps stray'd, 
Her pardon never was del ay 'd 

In years when life was new. 



Methinks we still can catch the gleam 
Of dawning over wood and stream, 

A flood of roseate light. 
Light that illum'd with heavenly fire 

The Bowdoin halls, the chapel spire, 
That called to tasks the youthful choir, 

The band of students bright. 

Methinks we can remember well 
The chimings of that morning bell, 

Ringing its summons clear ; 
Then forth from campus, road, and wood, 

The route our hasty steps pursued, 
Eager to urge in studious mood 

The student's glad career. 

Ah, those were happiest, sunniest days, 
With pleasing task, with joyous plays, 

The sweetest of our lives ; 
There were no shades of grief or care 

To chill with sorrow or despair; 
Now in our memories everywhere 

That sweet time still survives. 

I mourn dead friends of that past year, 
Longfellow, Hawthorne, Cheever, dear, 

The friends I dearly loved ; 
And scores of other cherished mates, 

Who long have met funereal fates, 
Long vanished from these earthly gates 

To Heavenly courts above. 

Dear brethren, each familiar name, 
Now high inscribed on scrolls of fame 

Imperishably bright ; 
It is my honest, heartfelt pride, 

That once I wandered side by side 
With ye in Bowdoin's woodlands wide, 

With infinite delight. 



Eugene Field. 

BY profession, a journalist; by nature, a 
humorist; an intense patriot; a true 
friend; a lover of all humanity; a man who 
was too modest to style himself a poet, yet 
whose verses have probably touched the 
hearts of people more deeply than those of 
any other writer of our day; such was 
Eugene Field. 

Biographically considered there is noth- 
ing especially remarkable or unusual to say 
about Eugeue Field. He was born at St. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



217 



Louis, September 3, 1850. His parents were 
natives of Vermont. His father, who had 
been a graduate of Middlebury College at 
the age of fifteen, and, by special act of the 
legislature, a State's Attorney before he was 
twenty-one, was a man of great intellect and 
personal force. Of his mother but little 
seems to have been written, but, after read- 
ing the allusions which Field has made to 
ber in his works, we cannot doubt that hers 
was a beautiful character. 

Upon her death, when Field was only 
seven years old, he was sent to Amherst, 
Mass., where he passed the next few years 
of his life in the care of his cousin, Miss 
Mary French. He had entered Williams 
College at the age of eighteen, but, on the 
death of his father, he went from there to 
Knox College at Galesburg, 111., where his 
guardian, John M. Burgess, was one of the 
professors, and from here, again, after two 
years, to the State University of Missouri. 

In 1871 Field attained his majority and 
came into possession of an estate of sixty 
thousand dollars. He took a friend and 
his sixty thousand and went to Europe. 
Whether he brought his friend back with 
him on his return the story does not state, 
but it is pretty certain that he didn't bring 
back any of his sixty thousand. 

"I had a lovely time," he said once in 
telling his experience to a friend, "I just 
threw the money around. Just think of it, 
a boy of twenty-one, without father or 
mother, and with sixty thousand dollars. It 
was a lovely experience. I saw more things 
and did more things than are dreamed of in 
your philosophy, Horatio. I had money. I 
paid it out for experience — it was plenty. 
Experience was lying around loose." 

On returning from Europe he evidently 
concluded it was about time for him to settle 
down to business, for he at once went to 
work at what was to be bis profession for 
life, viz., journalism. 



His first position was as reporter, and 
subsequently as city editor, on the St. Louis 
Journal, but in 1873 he married Miss Julia 
Comstock of St. Joseph, Missouri, and two 
years later he removed to that place, where 
he " whooped up locals for the St. Jo 
Gazette." It was not long, however, before 
he went back to St. Louis, from there to 
Kansas City, and finally to Denver, where he 
became managing editor of the Denver 
Tribune. 

It was in 1883 that Field decided to leave 
Denver. He was now widely known both 
as a journalist and as a humorist, and he had 
many flattering offers from all parts of the 
country. Chicago, however, seemed to him 
to be the destined literary center of the 
West, and thither he went to do his share 
toward making it so. Here, then, from 1883, 
was his home, and his work on the Daily 
Record made him one of the best knowu 
writers of the time. 

Perhaps we ought not to conclude this 
part of our sketch without mentioning his 
second trip abroad, made in 1889, when, we 
may suppose, he renewed, to some extent, 
the memories of his former trip. But, 
although in one of his poems he refers to 
the time when he " was broke in London in 
the fall of '89," yet we may well suspect that 
the presence of his wife and children pre- 
vented his actually repeating the prodigality 
of his youth. 

In the preceding outline we have en- 
deavored to give, briefly, the leading points 
in the life of Eugene Field. Let us now 
consider his characteristics as a man and as 
a writer. 

What kind of a fellow he was at college 
may be judged from the words of one who 
knew him then, who describes him as "Gene 
Field, the irrepressible, the untamed, the 
unlicked." 

What kind of a fellow he was in early 
manhood may be judged of the story which 



218 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



is told of him while a reporter at St. Louis, 
when, on being informed by the business 
manager that he was going to raise his 
salary, Field replied: "If you'll raise half 
of it, old man, I'll be satisfied, and if you'll 
raise the whole of it I'll lend you half;" and, 
at another time when he could get no fay at 
all, he stood out on the sidewalk before the 
office window and sang "Out in the Cold 
World, Out in the Street," until they were 
forced to pay him to get rid of him. 

What kind of a worker he was at his 
chosen profession may be judged from the 
success which attended him as a journalist. 

But what kind of a man he was through 
all his life may be best judged by the num- 
ber of his friends, rich and poor, young and 
old; for, after all, what is a better test of a 
man's true character than the friendships it 
has won him ? 

Field may be said to have had two hob- 
bies. The first was collecting rare editions 
of books and curiosities of all kinds. His 
"den," as he termed the room where he did 
his writing, was a veritable museum of curios. 
Whatever took his fancy he bought. Every- 
thing, from old blue china to mechanical toys, 
from shelves full of bottles of a hundred 
shapes and sizes to the most complete collec- 
tion of books on Horace in the world, from 
Gladstone's famous axe (presented to Mr. 
Field by the Grand Old Man himself) to the 
editorial shears of Charles A. Dana of the 
New York Sun, was to be found in his home 
at Buena Park. 

His other hobby was — children. Not con- 
tent with five of his own, he opened his 
house to all the children in the neighbor- 
hood, and if they did not have a good time 
it surely was not the fault of Eugene Field. 

When we speak of children, we come 
abruptly upon his literary work, for it was 
of the children and for the children that he 
wrote a large part of his stories and poems. 
Up to 1889, although he had written many 



verses and short stories, he had as yet pub- 
lished practically nothing in book form except 
one volume called "Culture's Garland," but 
in this year appeared private and limited 
editions of "A Little Book of Western 
Verse" and "A Little Book of Profitable 
Tales." 

The "Little Book of Western Verse" 
contains a great variety of short poems. 
There are amusing translations from Horace, 
and stories of the Colorado mining camps in 
the good old days of 'Sixty-Nine; there are 
rhymes in the Middle English dialect, and 
no end of lovely little lullabys. Of the 
poems contained in this volume, perhaps 
"Little Boy Blue" and the Dutch lullaby, 
" Wynken, Blynken, and Nod," are the most 
popular and widely known. 

The "Little Book of Profitable Tales" 
is a collection of prose stories very prettily 
told, — stories humorous, stories pathetic; 
stories of Christmas, and the coming of the 
Christ; stories of nature, the nature which 
Field knew and loved so well; character 
stories told in the dialect of East and West; 
fairy stories which have a fascination even 
for people who like to pretend that they 
were "grown up" long ago. 

Since the first publication of these two 
books, as many as half a dozen volumes have 
come from Field's pen. " With Trumpet 
and Drum," a collection of verses for chil- 
dren, compiled from those published either 
in his previous volume or in the newspapers, 
appeared in 1892; "A Second Book of 
Verse," similar in style and make-up to his 
first volume, in 1893; and, the same year, 
"The Holy Cross and Other Tales," and 
"Echoes from a Sabine Farm," the latter 
being translations and paraphrazes of Horace, 
written in collaboration with his brother, 
Roswell M. Field. 

His last published work was " Love Songs 
of Childhood," which appeared in 1894; but 
two books upon which he was at work dur- 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



219 



ing the past year, — "My House," and "The 
Love Affairs of a Biblomaniac," — are now 
about to be issued by the publishers. 

It is scarcely necessary to make mention 
of bis death, sudden and unexpected, for the 
end of his life-story is still fresh in the minds 
of all. But perhaps there can be no more 
fitting close to this sketch than to quote 
from one of the many tributes paid him by 
the newspapers of our land: 

"There has just gone from among the 
busy throngs of the living a great writer of 
verse. His words were simple, but they 
rang with the true pathos that thrills the 
scarred hearts of man and womankind. He 
did not deal in sombre mysteries, as did 
Browning. His was not the artistic phrasing 
of Tennyson or Swinburne; but he sang to 
little children, so sweetly and so lovingly 
that weary men and sad-eyed women, know- 
ing the joys and griefs of fatherhood and 
motherhood, read the pure, tender songs 
with a sob in the throat, and a leap of the 
heart. . . . 

" It may be that Eugene Field will find 
little attention in future histories of Ameri- 
can literature. He wrote from day to day, 
like all newspaper men, under the constant 
strain of the incessant demand of the insa- 
tiable press ; and, like his fellows, he did 
uneven work, some good, some bad. Yet he 
wrote from his heart and was content to 
know that what was his best he gave with 
unstinted hand, and he tried to make life 
better, and truer, and grander for all the 
men and women who read what he wrote. 
His real epitaph will not be found on his 
tomb or his headstone, but is written on the 
hearts of the people by his verses." 



The whole number of Harvard graduates is 
19,335 ; of Yale, 16,737. 

" I made you what you are," 
The tailor said unto 
The youth, who nodded and replied, 

" I owe my all to you." — Ex. 



Bowdoii? ^)ep§e. 

The Old Year's Burial. 

To-night we have buried the old year 

Outside in the heart of the storm; 

Then farewell to the dead and the cold year, 

We welcome the living and warm! 

It was deep in the gloom of the forest, 

By a frozen rivulet's bed, 

And the oldest trees and the hoarest 

A requiem sighed for the dead. 

But our hearts had little of sorrow 

As we buried the old year there ; 

We knew that the pulse of the morrow 

Would throb with a life more fair. 

So farewell, farewell to the old year, 

Which we buried outside in the storm ; 

No tears for the dead and the cold year, 

But cheers for the living and warm. 

And here, in the fire-glow tender, 
We merrily speed the night, 
And wait for the morning splendor 
Of the new year's grander light. 
We waste not a tear in grieving 
For the year whose life has flown; 
We joy iu delight of believing 
There's a happier year to bo known. 
We waste not the hour with regretting, 
But we drink, as we wait for the morn, 
A toast to the year we're forgetting 
And a toast to the year that is born. 
So farewell, farewell to the old year, 
Let its dying be wailed by the storm ; 
We mourn not the dead and the colcLyear, 
We welcome the living and warm. 



The Reply of Philotas. 

The dreadful fight was over ; and iu a prison-cell 
Lay Philotas, the captive prince, who'd fought both 

long and well ; 
And who, on being taken, was by his captors told 
That his freedom might be purchased with his royal 

father's gold. 

What! heard ye not my answer? Your offers I 

despise, 
And mete you out defiance before your very eyes. 
I've met ye on the battle-fields and slain ye by the 

score, 
And, were I free to do so, would joy in killiug more. 



220 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



From childhood's days I longed for war, and when 

of age I came 
I coveted a soldier's life, a warrior's honored name. 
I left the kingly palace, where serfs and pages stood, 
And waited for my least command like puppets 

made of wood. 
The pet of courtiers I have been, — my father's only 

heir, 
But, ah ! the throne will ne'er he mine, nor I be 

ruler there. 
I've led my valiant soldiers into the thickest fight, 
And never, for a moment, have ye seen me take to 

flight. 
Ah ! ye have learned to fear me, ye've learned your 

lesson well; 
And that with goodly reason as your growing death- 
lists tell; 
For I, who was my father's joy, the apple of his eye, 
Have caused his heart to swell with pride at my 

ambitions high. 
As to his realms I've added, and his coffers filled 

with gold, 
And ye have mourned the loss of land ye struggled 

hard to hold. 
Ye tell me I may ransomed be; but I would rather 

die 
Than purchase, with my father's gold, the life ye 

ne'er could buy. 
My sire's proud head beneath the crown shall never 

be less proud, — 
The sunshine of his happiness shall sink behind no 

cloud 
Because that I, his only son, have been afraid of 

death, 
And called upon his money-bags to ransom my poor 

breath. 
Ye tell me if I will but send for gold, I shall be free : 
But I by far prefer the grave to buying liberty. 
And, rather .than accept your terms, and pay you 

for my life, 
I'll cut my heart from human bonds with this, my 

trusty knife. 
My dying words are words of scorn for any such as 

you, 
And I'll repeat my deep contempt till death shall 

chill me through. 
My father, leaning o'er my corse, shall vow on 

bended knee 
That the money in his coffers shall revenge, not 

ransom, me. 
And when my comrades meet again your soldiers, 

as of yore, 



They'll mow ye down like wisps of wheat the 

reaper's knife before. 
Another in my place will stand, but me they'll not 

forget, 
The counsels I have given them will linger with 

them yet. 
There, I have done. Good knife, strike true, nor 

leave a spark of life, 
And you, ye cowards, get your gold — if ye but can — 

in strife. 




Fortune has smiled on the 
Medical Department of Bowdoin 
College. Through the thoughtfulness 
of Dr. Weeks and the generosity of 
Mr. Hugh J. Chisholm of Portland it 
has been supplied with surgical instru- 
ments, sterilizers, stands and other devices, which 
render possible the most thoroughly antiseptic and up- 
to-date surgery at the weekly clinics. Mr. Chisholm 
commissioned and furnished the funds to Dr. Weeks 
with which to purchase a complete surgical outfit. 
During his recent European trip Dr. Weeks selected 
the instruments in Paris, and on his return to New 
York procured an elegant and modern stand for 
them. Mr. Chisholm is entitled to the gratitude not 
only of the faculty and students, but also to many 
of the people of Maine, who resort so frequently to 
the clinic for surgical aid. That the students at 
least appreciate this gift was well attested by the 
tremendous applause with which they greeted the 
new instruments on their first appearance, and the 
announcement of the name of the donor. 
Oakes, '96, is in Florida for the winter. 
Andros, '97, is business manager of the Bugle. 
Illis, Medical School, is again leader of the col- 
lege orchestra. 

Professor Johnson was confined to his house by 
illness last week. 

Guy B. Soule of Freeport has entered college as 
a special student. 

Mr. Rich addressed the students in chapel Sun- 
day, January 12th. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



221 



Eastman, '96, is confined to his home in Portland 
with throat trouble. 

A movement is on foot for a Maine intercollegi- 
ate chess tournament. 

The High School minstrel show last week drew 
a large crowd of students. 

Home, '97, will take part in the indoor meet of 
the B. A. A., February 8th. 

C. G. Fogg, '96, occupies regularly the Congre- 
gational pulpit of Topsham. 

The Boston alumni of Bowdoin will have their 
annual meeting February 6th. 

The scheme of a co-operative store by Robinson 
and Lynch is proving a popular success. 

Bates, Smith, Robiusou, and Baker are assisting 
Dr. Whitiierin the gymuasium this term. 

Coggau, '97, was at Oldtown last week as reader 
in the dedication concert of the City Hall. 

The chess experts got down to business last 
week, and the annual tournament is now on. 

Bowdoin now possesses another $1,000 scholar- 
ship through the generosity of Mrs. Fiske of Bos- 
ton. 

Prof. Lee will deliver his lecture on '' The Straits 
of Magellan" before the Colby students, January 
28th. 

Bisbee, '98, has been elected assistant manager 
and secretary and treasurer of the Glee and Banjo 
Club. 

During vacation Prof. Johnson attended a meet- 
ing of the Modern Language Association at New 
Haven. 

Gymnasium work for all the classes began Jan- 
uary 9th. A large amount of new apparatus has 
"been put in. 

The Glee and Banjo Clubs will take a trip to 
Houlton, Bangor, and Oldtown about the middle of 
next month. 

In December 609 books were taken from the 
college library, the greatest uumber one day being 
75 on the ]6th. 

Dane, '96, has been selected to represent the 
Athletic Association at the meeting of the Boston 
alumni, February 6th. 

At the close of last term Remick and Saw- 
yer, '97, Hamilton and Mclntyre, '98, and Merrill 
and Swett, '99, left college. 

There were some lively class rushes last week, 
as the result of Freshman eagerness to sing "Phi 
Chi" and to enjoy other forbidden privileges. 



During the absence of President Hyde the 
Seniors were required to write abstracts of portions 
of the works of Descartes, Berkley, and Locke. 

Prof. William A. Packard, '51, now on the Prince- 
ton faculty, has presented the library with fifty 
dollars to be used in the purchase of classical books. 

The following have entered the work of the 
second year: W. H. White, Somerville, Mass.; C. 
E. Johnson, Topsfield; F. E. Hoyt, Wolfeborough, 
N. H.- 
Dane, '96, took a trip to Georgia during the 
vacation, and, while hunting there, shot a large 
wild boar whose head he brought back in triumph 
to college. 

Fairbanks, '95, passed the opening week of the 
term here, retailing interesting stories of his nine 
weeks as foot-ball coach at the University of 
Mississippi. 

At a meeting of the Base-Ball Association, last 
Saturday, the auditor's report on the account of 
last spring's manager, Holmes, '95, showed serious 
discrepancies. 

The first Junior assembly will be held in the 
court room, Thursday evening, January 23d. Elliott, 
Andros, and White form the committee from the 
class in charge of the series. 

Marston, '99, is having a series of articles in the 
Maine Outing on a wheeling trip to Quebec and 
vicinity. He has also prepared for the February 
number an illustrated article on foot-ball at Bow- 
doin. 

The Seniors in Political Economy are up to date 
to such an extent that they are ahead of the desired 
text-book, Gidding's Sociology, and while awaiting 
its publication, are taking a lecture course in 
Taxation. 

The foot-ball captain for next fall is not yet 
elected, as it has been impossible since the season 
closed to get the members of the team together. 
Some have been away, some sick, and some are 
out teaching. 

Midwinter tennis playing has had quite a boom 
here. Several matches were played the first week 
of the term, and the courts were never in better 
condition. Gloves, however, were a necessity for 
the players. 

About a score of students are out teaching this 
term. Among them are Condon, Fitz, Koehan, 
Kneeland, McMillan, Pease, E. F. Pratt, Rhodes, 
Shute, and Stearns, of '97, and Eames, Howard, 
Procter, and Wiggin, of '98. 



222 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



The appointments of the six Seniors who will 
speak for the '68 oratorical prize on the evening of 
April 2d, were announced last week as follows : H. 
R. Blodgett, Howard Gilpatric, J. C. Minot, H. H. 
Pierce, R. 0. Small, and B. G. Willard. 

Godfrey, '99, passed another physical examina- 
tion at the opening of this term, and added many 
points to his remarkable record-breaking perform- 
ance of last fall. He showed a total strength of 
1,302, and a condition of 707, against a total of 
1121.8 and a condition of 526.1 last September. 

Bowdoin College may be excused for elation. 
She is Speaker of the National House, President of 
the United States Senate, and Chief Justice of the 
United States Supreme Court; and she will soon 
sit in the President's chair. Ah, what a fine brood 
this rare old mother has sent out. — Lewiston Journal. 

The first themes of the term are due January 
30th. The following subjects are given out : 
For the Juniors — 
I. Carlyle's " Past and Present." 
II. Is Adherence to the Monroe Doctrine Essential to 

the Peace and Safety of the United States ? 
III. Comparative Purity of American and English Poli- 
tics. 
For the Sophomores — 
I. " Consistency is the Hobgoblin of Little Minds." 
II. " In the world there is nothing great but man, 

In man there is nothing great but mind." 
III. Responsibility Educates. 

The Youth's Companion for January 9th had an 
illustrated article by Speaker Reed, '60, on the 
duties and obligations of the Speaker of the House, 
written in his most delightful vein, and containing 
much of interest to every reader of this popular 
publication. C. A. Stephens, '69, is a regular con- 
tributor to the Companion, and has a story in this 
same issue. 

There was a full attendance of the Fortnightly 
Club at Professor Emery's lecture Monday. Mr. 
Emery's topic was "Some Aspects of the Social 
Question." . . . Professor Emery is a remark- 
able example of the era of young men as college 
instructors. He is only twenty-four, yet the chair 
of Political Economy at Bowdoin was created for 
him, and he is one of President Hyde's most valua- 
ble supporters. — Bath Independent. 

E. F. Hodges, D.D., dean of the Protestant 
Episcopal Divinity School at Cambridge, addressed 
the student body for an hour Tuesday morning, 
January 14th, on "The Choice of a Profession." 
He proved a delightful speaker, and his entertain- 



ing manner of handling the subject made the hour 
very pleasant and profitable to all. Reason, mas- 
tery, and service were the heads under which he 
discussed the opportunities and duties of the col- 
lege-bred man. 

A pleasing coincidence occurred recently at the 
matriculation of Mr. Benjamin F. Sturgis of Court 
Street, Auburn, into the Bowdoin Medical School 
at Brunswick. Some thirty odd years ago Dr. 
Benjamin F. Sturgis of Auburn and the now Prof. 
Alfred Mitchell of Brunswick registered in the 
same class of the Medical School. When Prof. 
Mitchell glanced at the 'registry books of this term 
there stood on the entering class the names B. F. 
Sturgis, Jr., of Auburn, and Alfred Mitchell, Jr., of 
Brunswick. — Leiviston Journal. 

The '98 Sophomore prize speaking was held 
before a large crowd in Upper Memorial on the 
evening of December 19th. The college orchestra 
furnished excellent music. Followiug is the full 
programme: 

MUSIC. 

The Pilot's Story.— Howells. 

Edwin Ellis Spear, Washington, D. C. 
An Incident in the Life of Wendell Phillips. — Weld. 

Charles Sumner Pettengill, Augusta. 
The Fourth of July, 1776.— Lippard. 

Percival Proctor Baxter, Portland. 
Jem's Last Ride. — Kelley. 

Wendell Phillips McKeown, Boothbay Harbor. 

MUSIC. 

The Duty of the Enlightened Classes. — Long. 

*D wight Richard Pennell, Lewiston. 
The Doom of Claudius and Cynthia. — Thompson. 

William Witherle Laurence, Portland. 
Address at Gettysburg. — Chamberlain. 

Arthur Leroy Hunt, Lewiston. 
The Boat Race. — Grant. 

Harlan Melville Bisbee, Rumford Falls. 

MUSIC. 

Demosthenes. — Choate. 

Alfred Benson White, Lewiston. 
The New South.— Grady. 

Curtis Lewis Lynch, Machias. 
Herve Riel. — Browning. 

Thomas Littlefield Marble, Gorham, N. H. 

MUSIC. 

*Excused. 

The. judges were Prof. Chapman. Rev. Dr. 
Mason, and Mr. Emery. They awarded the first 
prize to Percival Proctor Baxter, and the second to 
Thomas Littlefield Marble. 

Upper Memorial was filled on the evening of 
January 16th, when the first in a series of three 
German song recitals was given by Mrs. Florence 
Lee Whitman of Boston, assisted by Mr. Harvey 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



223 



Murray of Portland, accompanist. Mrs. Whitman, 
who is the guest for a time of her brother, Prof. L. 
A. Lee, is a leading teacher and singer of Boston, 
and her kindness in giving the students an oppor- 
tunity of hearing her voice and of getting a better 
acquaintance with German songs and composers, is 
deeply appreciated by all. In her scries of recitals 
she treats the subject of German song chronologically, 
beginning with the old folk songs, and her familiar, 
interesting talks are interspersed with selections 
from the song composer treated. Her rich soprano, 
sweet and sympathetic, and clear and true as ever 
after a dozen or fifteen songs, enraptured all hearers. 
The composers represented in the first recital were 
Thnringian, Weber, Silcher, Bach, Haydn, Mozart, 
Beethoven, Spohr, and Mendelssohn. The remain- 
ing recitals are to come on the evenings of January 
23d and February 6th, and it is safe to say the stu- 
dents will again be present in a body. 

The Medical School opened January 9th, the 
opening lecture being delivered in Memorial Hall 
by Dr. Alfred Mitchell of Brunswick, whose remarks 
were full of interesting reminiscences of his long 
connection with the school and of sound advice to 
those entering upon a medical profession. The 
entering class numbers about fifty this year, and 
more are expected. Five members of Bowdoin, 
'95, return to enter a medical course. Following 
are the members of the entering class: S. C. Smith, 
Brewer; H.S.Elliot, Thomaston; J. Scott, Guys- 
boro, N. S.; G. E. Washburn, Augusta; T. H. Alc- 
Donough, Wiuterport; T. F. Murphy, Lewiston ; 
W. F. Lyford, South Atkinson; W. P. Scott, Rich- 
mond ; H. A. Pingree, Portland ; A. M. Fernald, 
Nottingham, N. H.; Fred Fernald, Nottingham, N. 
H.; F. 0. Price, Havelock, N. B.; J. H. Dixon, 
Portsmouth, N. H.; H. S. Bryant, Brunswick; F. 

E. Bennett, Presque Isle; W. S. A. Kimball, A.B., 
Portland; H. W. Crockett, Whitefield, N. H.; N. 
H. Young, Warren; J. J. Bailey, Watertown, 
Conn.; J. M. O'Connor, Biddeford ; B. W. McKeeL, 
Fryeburg; H. A. Black, Augusta ; 0. L. Long, Blue- 
hill ; L. E. Libby, Bridgton ; C. G. Savage, Rock- 
land; Alfred Mitchell, Jr., A.B., Brunswick; Benj 

F. Sturgis, Jr., Auburn; L. E. Willard, Woodfords; 
H. S. Warren, Bangor; F. A. Fuller, Bath; H. S. 
Webber, Augusta; C. A. Vinal, Warren; S. H. 
Hanson, A.B., Houlton ; J. W. Joyce, Lewiston; D. 
H. Holmes, Brunswick; C. M. Stanley, Snowville, 
N. H.; C. M. Whitney, Unity; P. W. Marston, Mon- 
mouth; J. F. Starrett, Warren; W. H. A. Clark, 
Newton Center, Mass. ; C. R. Wallington, Albion ; 
A. I. York, Wilton; F. Brewster, Portland; F. P. 



Malone, Portland; E. G. Abbott, West Sullivan; 
B. L. Bryant, A.B., Lowell, Mass. ; 0. A. B. Ames, 
Fairfield; L. F. Soule, A.B., Phillips. 



The Bible classes will be combined this term ; 
and a systematic course of study on the life of 
Christ will be conducted by Professor Woodruff. 
This course offers an excellent opportunity for the 
students to become familiar with an important por- 
tion of the New Testament. The benefit of a 
thorough knowledge of the Bible cannot be over- 
estimated, even from a literary point of view, to say 
nothing of its importance as the basis of religious 
belief. 

The course will be conducted informally, oppor- 
tunity for questions and discussion being given. 
The class will meet on each Monday evening of the 
term in the Association Room at 7.15. All students 
are cordially invited. 



We are not able, at this date, to make out a 
complete calendar of speakers for the term. It 
gives us pleasure, however, to announce the speak- 
ers for the next three Sundays as follows : 

January 19, ... Rev. J. D. Graham. 

January 26, ... Professor MacDonald. 

February 2, .... Professor Files. 

February 9, .... Rev. C. L. Waite. 
President Hyde, Professor Little, and Mr. Emery 
will address the members of the Association some 
time this term. 




At the annual meeting of 
the York Bar Association, 
last week, John M. Goodwin, '45, 
was elected President; Hampden 
Fairfield, '57, Vice-President; H. H. Bur- 
bank, '60, Treasurer, and several other 
Bowdoin men were present. Judge J. W. Symonds, 
'60, and Hon. Geo. M. Seiders, 72, of the Cumber- 
land bar, were prominent among the guests and 
leading speakers of the occasion. 



224 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Ex-'23.— James Bridge died at Augusta, January 
8th. He was born in that city July 17, 1804, and 
has ever been a prominent and respected citizen 
there. He was in Bowdoin three years, and left 
college to engage in mercantile business. He was 
one of the four owners of the charter of the original 
Kennebec dam who determined to prosecute the 
enterprise when others were faint-hearted and 
retired from the corporation, and he lost his prop- 
erty with others in the disasters which attended the 
great work. He was agent for the company and 
subsequently engaged in manufacturing. He mar- 
ried, September 25, 1828, Sarah B. Williams, daugh- 
ter of Hon. Reuel Williams, Hon. '20, and eight 
children were born to them. 

'44. — Hon. David R. Hastings died at his home in 
Fryeburg, January 13th. Major Hastings was born 
in Bethel, August 25, 1823, being the son of John 
and Abigail Straw Hastings. He was a member of 
the famous Bowdoin College Class of 1844. He stud- 
ied law with Judge Appleton and opened a law office 
in Lovell, in 1847. He came to Fryeburg in 1864, 
was a member of the national Democratic conven- 
tion in 1868, 1876, and 1884, was county attorney 
in 1853-54-55. He was a candidate for Congress 
several times ; an overseer of Bowdoin College, and 
president of the board of trustees of Fryeburg 
Academy ; was reporter of decisions, and published 
volumes 69 and 70 of the Maine Reports. He en- 
listed as major in the 12th Maine Regiment in 1861, 
and was in service at New Orleans one year, when 
he was taken sick with fever and was discharged. 
In 1850 he married Mary J. Ellis, by whom he had 
two children, Alice 0. and Edward E. Hastings, '79, 
of the law firm of D. R. Hastings & Son. His wife 
and children survive him. Until his health began 
to decline, several years ago, Major Hastings was a 
very active and enterprising man. He was an able 
lawyer, standing at the head of the Oxford bar, a 
pleasing speaker, successful in business, and had 
accumulated a very considerable fortune. 

'48. — J. B. Sewall, headmaster of the Thayer 
Academy, Braintree, Mass., has edited an edition 
of " Timon of Lucian" for use in preparatory work 
for colleges. It is published by Ginn & Co. 

'46. — Stephen A. Holt of Winchester, Mass., 
died suddenly December 14, 1895. He was born 
in Norway, Me., February 13, 1821. He graduated 
from Phillips Andover Academy in 1842, from Bow- 
doin College in 1846, and from Andover Theological 
Seminary in 1849, when he was ordained as a Con- 
gregational clergyman. He preached at Milton, 



Vt., from 1850 until 1852, when he left the ministry 
and entered mercantile business in Boston. He 
was a member of the firm of H. Cutler & Co., 
dealers in foreign and fancy woods, and later of the 
firm of Holt & Bugbee. He was prosperous in 
business, and, a year ago, retired to private life. 
He married Nancy W. Cutler of Winchester, Mass., 
May, 1850. Mr. Holt was a charter member of 
Theta chapter of Delta Kappa Epsilon, and always 
retained a keen interest in his fraternity and college. 

The December number of the Green Bag con- 
tains sketches of the lives of several Bowdoin men — 
Judges Charles W. Walton, Hon. '85, Lucilius A. 
Emery, '61, Enoch Foster, '64, all of the Supreme 
Court of Maine. The article is written by General 
Charles Hamlin, Bowdoin, '57, who is himself a 
lawyer. 

'63. — John Wheeler Duxbury died in Lowell, 
Mass., January 13th. He was born in Dover, N. 
H., October 4, 1844, and since his graduation from 
Bowdoin, has followed the profession of an electrical 
engineer. He was superintendent of the Central 
Division New England Telegraph and Telephone 
Co. at the time of his death. He was a member of 
the Psi Upsilon fraternity. 

'68. — Within a few months Chicago University 
has had windfalls amounting to over $3,000,000. 
Part of this will be used for a biological building 
and the general use of this department, and the 
Chicago Times -Her aid, in speaking of this, had 
the following to say about the head of this 
department, Prof. Charles Otis Whitman, Ph.D., 
Bowdoin, '68: " Charles O. Whitman, the head of 
the biological department, or, more correctly, head 
of the departments of zoology and auimal mor- 
phology, has, by his long career in his chosen work, 
been recognized as one of the leading biologists of 
the world. His connection with learned bodies of 
men the world over testifies to his recognition and 
worth. Even in far-off Japan he is well kuown by 
scientific men. While comparatively young, he 
was called to the Imperial University of Japan, and 
there held a professorship in zoology for three 
years. More important work awaited him at home, 
however, and he was soon known in Europe by his 
connection with the Naples zoological station. 
Prof. Whitman was born in Woodstock, Me., fifty- 
three years ago, and received his early education in 
the schools of Norway, Me. He took his bachelor's 
degree at Bowdoin College in 1868, and his master's 
three years later at the same college. He is a 
member of the Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



225 



The degree of Doctor of Philosophy was conferred 
on him in 1878 by the University of Leipsic. He 
has been connected with various schools in this 
country, among them being Westford Academy, 
Johns Hopkins University, and Harvard College. 
He was professor at Clark University when he was 
called to his present position in 1892. At the same 
time he was connected with Allis Lake laboratory 
and has since 1888 been director of the United 
States biological laboratory at Wood's Holl, Mass. 
Prof. Whitman is also editor of the Journal of Mor- 
phology and of the microscopic department of the 
American Naturalist. He is also president of the 
American Morphological Society, and was last year 
elected a member of the National Academy." 

75. — Woodbury Pulsifer of Auburn, Senator 
Frye's private secretary and clerk of the committee 
on commerce, has just been notified that he was the 
leader last year of his class in the Medical School 
of Columbian University. The announcement, just 
made, is based on the medical examinations which 
were taken last spring at the end of his second 
year in the school. He has two years more before 
graduating. 

75. — Arlo Bates, professor of English at Massa- 
chusetts Institute of Technology, has edited a 
volume of selections from the poet Keats with 
introduction and notes, published by Ginn & Co. 

75. — William E. Hatch, superintendent of schools 
of New Bedford, Mass., and Mrs. Elizabeth H. 
Taylor of the same city were united in marriage 
December 10, 1895. 

77. — George W. Tillson, late city engineer of 
Omaha, Neb., has moved to Brooklyn, N. Y., where 
he is to practice his profession. 

'81.— W. W. Towle was recently elected presi- 
dent of the Mercantile Library Association of Bos- 
ton. This association last spring celebrated its 
seventy-fifth anniversary, and has many Bowdoin 
men on its membership roll. 

'87.— Clarence B. Burleigh of the Kennebec 
Journal was elected president of the Maine Press 
Association at its annual meeting, January 8th. 
Mr. Burleigh is now in St. Augustine, Pla., as the 
Maine delegate to the national editorial convention. 
Mr. Burleigh is a former editor-in-chief of the 
Orient. 

'88.— Born, January 13th, to the wife of Joseph 
Williamson, Jr., of Augusta, a son. 

'90.— Dr. 0. W. Turner is the newly-elected 
president of the Augusta Medical Club. 

'90.— George B. Sears has received the degree of 
LL.B. from Boston University and is now settled 



in the practice of his profession at 5 Tremont Street, 
Boston. 

'92. — George Downes has been appointed City 
Treasurer of Calais to fill the vacancy caused by 
the death of his father, Hon. L. G. Downes, Bow- 
doin, '60. The younger Mr. Downes has been asso- 
ciated with his father in business and is familiar 
with the duties of the office. Mr. Downes was very 
popular while in college and was a member of both 
the base-ball and foot-ball teams. 

'92. — E. A. Pugsley and Miss Elizzie Dora 
Felker were united in marriage December 24, 1895, 
at the home of the bride's parents in Rochester, 
N. H. Mi'. Pugsley is now principal of the High 
School at Salmon Palls, N. H. During his Senior 
year in Bowdoin he was editor-in -chief of the Orient. 

'95.— Allen Quimby, who has boon teaching at 
Laconia, N. H, has resigned his position there and 
has entered the law office of Heath & Andrews in 
Augusta. 

'95.— Bryant, Christie, Kimball, Mitchell, and 
Soule are members of the entering class of the 
Medical School. 

'95.— The Bangor Commercial says of Webber, 
who has just closed a successful term of school in 
District No. 3, Jonesport, Me.: "He is a bright, 
brainy young man— a grand success." 



IN MEMORIAM. 

Hall of Theta, op a k e, ) 
January 17, 1896. $ 
Whereas, Our Heavenly Father has removed 
from our midst our beloved brother, Stephen 
Abbott Holt, of the Class of '46, a charter member 
of this chapter, be it 

Besolved, That we have heard with sincere sor- 
row of the death of one who was so active in the 
establishment of our chapter, and who has main- 
tained for half a century a keen interest in its 
progress and prosperity; and be it 

Besolved, That our fraternity has lost an honored 
member, a loyal brother, whose devotion to its 
principles, and whose noble qualities, shown in all 
the works of bis life, are worthy and inspiring 
examples for us to follow ; and be it 

Besolved, That a copy of these resolutions be 
sent to the bereaved family and be inserted in the 
Bowdoin Orient. 

C. W. Marston, 
J. G. Haines, 
E. T. Minott, 

Committee for the Chapter. 



226 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 




Alpheus and Arethusa. 
A nymph there was in Arcadie 

Who owned a crystal spring; 
And there she'd wash, sans mackintosh, 

B'gosh, or anything. 

A youth there was in Arcadie 

Who hunted o'er the brooks; 
He would not tote no overcoat, 

But traveled on his looks. 

Though Ancient Greece had no police 

The gods did as they'd orter; 
To put them quite from mortal's sight 

They'd turn them into water! 

— The Morningside. 

Colgate has a new president, G. W. Smith, a 

Colby graduate. 

Semper Idem. 

" O, puella, cara mini, 
Me oportet te amare, 
Quam ardens est mens amor ! 
Nonne licet osculari? " 

" O quam vero malus, audax! 
Semper putas sic eadem! 
Tamen, si, mi male puer 
Extingue, si vis, lampadem." 

— Williams Weekly. 
The Brnnonian complains of the heavy base-ball 

expenses at Brown as follows: "At Yale the total 
receipts were $100 less than at Brown, and yet 
$2,804.56 were cleared as profit. Clearly a radical 
improvement should be instituted in our base-ball 
matters and money so much needed in so many 
ways be more judiciously expended." Possibly 
some of the other New England colleges might 
suggest to Brown ways in which their base-ball and 
other athletic expenses might be lowered in the 
interests of amateur sport. 

She was walking with my rival, 

As they chanced to homeward roam. 

It was from my garret window 
I was seeing Nellie home. 

— Williams Weekly. 

The Faculty of Harvard during the summer 
confiscated all signs found in the students' rooms. 



THE FISK TEACHERS' AGENCIES, 
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Wabash Avenue, Chicago; 25 King street, West, Toronto ;!l-242 
Twelfth Street, Washington, D. C; 120',' South Spring Street, 
Los Angeles; Century Building, Minneapolis,' Minn. Agency 
Manual Free. 

Everett O. Fisk & Co. 



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TOWNE'S PHARMACY, 



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BRUNSWICK, ME. 





BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Vol. XXV. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, FEBRUARY 5, 1896. 



No. 13. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 

PUBLISHED EVERT ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY DURING 
THE COLLEGIATE TEAR BY THE STUDENTS OF 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE. 



EDITORIAL BOARD. 

J. C. Minot, '96, Editor-in-Chief. 

C. W. Marston, '96, Assistant Editor-in-Chief. 

H. R. Blodgett, '96, Business Manager. 

G. T. Ordway, '96. H. H. Pierce, '96. 

H. Gilpatric, '96. R. S. Hagar, '97. 

P. P. Baxter, '98. T. L. Marble, '98, 

C. C. Smith, '98. 



Per annum, in advance, 
Single Copies, 



. $2.00. 

15 Cents. 

Extra copies can be o btained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Manager. 

Itemittances should be made to the Business Manager. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Editor-in-Chief. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Bowdoin Verse Department should be 
sent to Box 1100, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should be sent to Box 1091, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post-Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 

Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston. 

CONTENTS. 

Vol. XXV., No. 13.— February 5, 1896. 

Editorial Notes, 227 

A Glimpse of Florida, 229 

The Trappists of the Mistassini, 231 

Bowdoin Verse : 

Unheard, 234 

The River of Youth, 234 

Nanna, 235 

Collegii Tabula, 235 

Y. M. C. A., 238 

Personal, 239 

Book Reviews, 241 

College World, 241 




The Orient would like to know : 

When the sense of manly honor will so 
prevail here that no books will be "swiped" 
from the reserve stacks ; 

What action the college wishes to take 
regarding the proposed league with Tufts 
and Wesleyan or Trinity; 

Why contributors and contributions to 
the Orient are so few and far between ; 

Why next June's Maine Intercollegiate 
Field Day shall not be held on our new 
athletic field ; 

What college has more reason to be 
proud of its alumni, old and young, than 
Bowdoin ; 

When optional attendance at chapel, at 
least for Seniors, is to be established here ; 

If there is any justice in giving a student 
low rank solely on account of his personal 
conduct; 

If Rev. Elijah Kellogg, so loved and 
honored by all Bowdoin boys, cannot be 
induced to preach before the students again, 
as he did some two years ago ; 

Why some students, well equipped finan- 
cially, seem to take pride in evading the 
payment of their dues to their class and 
other organizations, and thus throw a heavy 
burden on the shoulders of those less able 
to bear it; 

If the present era of good feeling among 



228 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



the Bowdoin fraternities cannot be made 
permanent, and all dishonorable combines 
and clashing done away with forever; 

If it is true that all the Seniors are either 
engaged or arduously trying to become so ; 

If Bowdoin's musical organizations, glee 
and banjo clubs and orchestra, were ever 
better than this year; 

How the honor system of examinations 
would work here; 

And many more things, part of which 
will be mentioned later. 



TT is a novel experience for all of the various 
■*■ athletic associations of the college to be 
free from debt at the same time. But now, 
thanks mainly to the energy of Dr. Whittier, 
this is practically the position in which all 
are placed. In the local column is an account 
of last week's mass-meeting, when Bowdoin 
loyalty came promptly to the front and 
showed itself in the substantial manner that 
made the extermination of the debt possible. 
This step was an absolutely necessary one. 
Affairs had reached a crisis that made credit 
shaky and the future uncertain, while the 
presence of the debt made the solicitation of 
funds for our athletic field an embarrassing 
and inconsistent task. Whatever view we 
might hold regarding the manner in which a 
large part of this debt was incurred, it was 
plainly our duty to pay every cent of it at 
once, and place all the Bowdoin athletic 
organizations square with the world. This 
done, the outlook for athletics at Bowdoin 
was never brighter than it is to-day. It is 
absolutely certain that our loyal alumni, 
showing their realization of our needs and 
their appreciation of our efforts, will now 
make our athletic field a reality. In field 
and track sports, in base-ball and foot-ball, 
our prospects for the coming year are unusu- 
ally bright, and there is every indication that 
our athletic standard will now be placed 
higher and higher each year. In these days 



the athletic success of a college is a very 
important factor in its advancement; and 
victories on the diamond and the gridiron, 
the field, the track and the court, mean much 
more than a mere opportunity for undergrad- 
uate cheering and rejoicing. The athletic 
record of Bowdoin has much of which we 
are justly proud, and also much which we 
must bend every energy to improve upon at 
once. Defeats and debts are unlike undesir- 
able in athletics, and though neither can 
always be avoided, yet both can be made 
less frequent and disastrous if constant care 
is exercised in the choice of honest and 
efficient managers, if the members of every 
team are hard-working, unselfish, and enthu- 
siastic, and if all branches of athletics are 
given the united and earnest support due 
them from the student body. 



0N behalf of the student body the Orient 
wishes to thank Mrs. Florence Lee 
Whitman for the pleasure and profit received 
from her series of German song recitals. 
The courtesy of this accomplished lady in 
giving the college so rare an opportunity is 
deeply appreciated, and we sincerely hope 
she will carry away as pleasant memories of 
Bowdoin as we shall always retain of her. 



rE Orient is glad that Bowdoin is to be 
represented at the annual indoor meet 
of the Boston Athletic Association this week. 
The three or four men who are entered are 
worthy representatives of the college, and 
we are certain they will do credit to its 
name. To be sure they will find themselves 
in fast compan}', but nevertheless we shall 
look for their names among the winners. 
But whatever their success in capturing 
prizes, their experience will be of great value 
to themselves and those training with them 
on the track and field team this spring. 
They have set an example that ought to 
be, and doubtless will be, followed in coming 
winters. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



229 



A Glimpse of Florida. 

NO state in the Union has been more grossly 
distorted in regard to its natural resources 
than Florida. Travelers have returned from 
its borders and, enlarging upon what they 
have seen, and letting their imaginations 
loose, have pictured it a fairy land. Others, 
enthused with a desire to see and know, have 
gone, like Ponce de Leon of old, searching 
for silver and gold or the fountain of eternal 
youth ; but they, like him, often have found 
only the golden sands and unknown graves 
in some lonely swamp. 

And hence for the new arrival, new 
objects and new scenes are presented. In 
the first place, the country is new. The soil 
is sandy and rather poor. In the woods 
everywhere a grass is noticed growing with 
leaves from a foot to a foot and one-half 
long, shaped like a copper wire, and hence 
called wire-grass. The pines are of the vir- 
gin forest and are about seventy or eighty 
feet high, and from a foot to two feet through. 
They run up pretty straight, generally with 
no branches for twenty-five or thirty feet. 
There is but little underbrush in the woods, 
and one can drive where he wishes. The 
roads are born, not made. If a person wants 
to go anywhere he drives there by the short- 
est cut, and if there is much travel in that 
direction a road is made by the continuous 
driving. When one road gets too heavy, 
another one is started alongside. If a tree 
happens to fall across any road in the 
country, it is customary to drive around the 
tree and leave it where it fell. Many of the 
roads are very sandy, and it is necessary to 
travel slow. In the woods, however, they 
are made much better by the falling of the 
pine leaves or straws in the wheel-tracks. 
These straws are eight or ten inches long, 
and the cones in proportion. 

If one drives around through the country 
much, some day he is sure to see something 
like a thin board, covered with a dirty white 



skin, placed on four unstable pegs, racing 
through the forests with the agility of a deer. 
This animal is the far-famed "razor-back 
hog," over whom more eloquence has been 
wasted, more powder and shot spent in vain, 
and more words spoken and thought than 
over any other known quadruped. In the 
South he is rarely honored with the appella- 
tion "pig," but is always referred to as a 
"shoat." He casts no shadow, and is consid- 
ered worth absolutely nothing if he cannot 
outrun a negro, for if he can't his days are 
numbered. There is rarely unnecessary 
fear on this score, however. 

Speaking of shoats brings us to their 
owners, the native of Florida, commonly 
called a "cracker." In the South we find 
three distinct races : the cracker, the negro, 
and the northerner. The cracker is a lean, 
yellow-skinned, yellow-haired, slab-sided sort 
of a man. He wears a felt hat, a dirty calico 
shirt, a pair of pants torn at the knees, 
patched at the seat, and upheld by one-half 
of one suspender. His general looks and 
appearance are against him; but although 
he may be stupid in book learning, he can 
drive a wonderfully sharp trade. He is 
probably very lazy, and enjoys nothing bet- 
ter than to talk all day, perched on a box 
in some shad}' corner. His house is made of 
logs, and the furniture is of home construc- 
tion. Unmistakable signs of dirt and poverty 
may be noticed on every hand. The scene 
of domestic happiness in a cracker family, 
as they sit gathered around the home-made 
fire-place on some cool evening, presents a 
picture worthy of the painter. Over the fire 
hangs a large black pot, filled with some 
unsavory mess. The air is tainted by a 
strange odor, a mixture of barn-yard and 
pig-pen, but fortunately relief is afforded by 
numerous chinks in the wall. Over in one 
corner of the room sits an old, wrinkled 
specimen of the gentle sex, contentedly 
smoking a corn-cob pipe. The cracker him- 



230 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



self, near by, is whittling a splinter, talking 
politics with some old-crony friend, and at 
times making the fat pine logs fairly sputter 
with long expectorations of tobacco-juice. 
Just in the shadow, his old woman (as he 
calls her}, is perched on a well-worn cracker 
box, chewing what looks like a little stick. 
This habit, the taking of snuff, is very com- 
mon among the southerners. Several over- 
grown girls, sadly freckled, with large hands, 
dirty calico dresses, and in nature's stock- 
ings, move noiselessly around; while forming 
a background to the picture are numerous 
little crackers, whose yellow heads are bob- 
bing up and down to every part of the room. 
To complete the scene an old cur, stretched 
before the fire, dreams of hunting the spotted 
coon. A small hen is laying in the wood- 
box, and the old shoat grunts and roots 
beneath the floor as the family talk, and 
chew, and scratch, and watch the 'possum 
bake before the fire. 

pearly related to the cracker comes the 
sable negro, noted for his remarkable shift- 
lessness, his pious attendance on church and 
neighboring chicken roosts, and last, but not 
least, for his numerous progeny. The negro 
is generally a good-natured, lazy, overgrown 
boy. His observations on religious topics 
are interesting and edifying in the extreme. 
He is probably a Baptist. He has his church 
down in Egypt or Jericho, and attends regu- 
larly on all its services. On the first Sunday 
of every month is held there what he calls 
the " holy dance," rightly named the "holy 
terror." The dance consists in joining of 
hands, and with jumping and prancing, and 
diverse gymnastic performances, of lifting 
up their voices in long and hearty shouts 
and jubilant songs of "Hab-bi-lujah ! Ah- 
men ! " After this has lasted till even darkey 
lungs grow tired, there comes the solemn 
rite of feet-washing. Every member observes 
this ordinance, but unfortunately only one 
foot is cleansed. Nevertheless substantial 



proofs of "purification" may be noticed in 
the basin, after even one sable foot has been 
withdrawn. 

At strange variance with the cracker 
and the negro is the northern man living 
in Florida. He has an orange-grove, raises 
tropical fruits, has the push and energy of 
the North, yet in many ways he falls into 
the southern manners. The houses in the 
South have no cellars and are built on brick 
underpinning, about two feet above the 
ground, so that the air circulates freely all 
around. Thus in the winter a little cold is 
severely felt, and a fire is needed occasionally 
in the sitting-room. The fire-wood is sold 
by the strand; a strand is four feet high, 
eight feet long, and the width needed to fit 
the stove, generally sixteen or eighteen 
inches. The wood itself is practically worth 
nothing, but when cut is sold for seventy-five 
cents a strand. The horses are rarely shod, 
as in the sand it is unnecessary, and in 
many other ways, too numerous to mention, 
the southern style of doing things differs 
strangely from our northern customs. 

A new arrival is generally most inter- 
ested in getting an orange grove. He shows 
he is a tender-foot, immediately, by speaking 
about an orange " orchard." In the South 
these are called "groves," rarely "orchards." 
The country is full of these groves, and 
before the freeze last year, millions of boxes 
of the golden fruit were being shipped from 
out the state. The oranges are generally sold 
on the tree, a dollar and a quarter being a 
fairly good price. Some kinds, however, 
bring more than others; the Harts Tardiff, 
for instance, being a late orange, commands 
two dollars and often more on the tree. 
Among the best varieties of oranges are the 
Sandford Mediterranean, the Dancy Tanger- 
ine, the Java, the Mediterranean Blood, the 
Satsuma, the Parson Brown, etc. Most of 
the groves are budded. With a budded 
grove one knows what kind of fruit he is 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



231 



going to get. The seedling is an uncertain 
quantity, takes about ten years to get to 
bearing, but is a larger tree than the budded. 
The budded tree gets to bearing in six to 
eight years. The oranges begin to be picked 
in November and the season runs to May. 
The packing of the fruit is an art in itself. 
The oranges are first sorted into russets and 
brights, and then sized with a machine. 
Oranges of a certain size are packed differ- 
ently from those of another size. The num- 
ber to a box runs from ninety to three 
hundred and more. Six or eight boxes is a 
good crop for a budded tree, but often they 
run higher. The trees themselves are set 
about thirty feet apart each way and are 
worked mostly in the summer. Beside the 
orange are many tropical fruits, the persim- 
mon, the guava, the shaddock, the loquat 
plum, the mango, the olive, the bitter-sweet, 
the cocoa-nut, the banana, the pine-apple, 
and others which those in the North never 
taste in their perfection. 

Amid such surroundings the life of the 
southerner, and especially the southern boy, 
is exceedingly pleasant. There is not space 
to tell of his sports: how he hunts the 'gater 
at night with a bull's-eye lantern ; how he 
sails his dug-out on the lake, or with a pack 
of dogs, on his horse chases through the 
woods the fox, the wild cat, and at times the 
panther and the bear. And then, how he 
wishes it would freeze hard enough so he 
could try to skate, or how sometimes he 
takes a steep hill-side, covers it with pine 
straw, and then getting a-straddle of an old 
barrel-stave, slides gloriously down, wonder- 
ing if it is anything like the rides and coasts 
his northern friends enjoy over the snow. 

Such is a glimpse of Florida and its people 
to-day. There is that dreamy haziness and 
indescribable stillness — a characteristic of 
every southern clime — brooding over all, as 
if some genii of former times had waved his 
wand and put the land to sleep. It is a part of 



the world yet lingering in the years gone by. 
The negro, the cracker, and the old ex-rebel 
soldier are but types of a former age. The 
cotton-fields are overgrown with vines and 
thickets. The fences are down. Heaps of 
charcoal and leaning chimneys mark the 
sites of many an old plantation. But still, in 
this seeming decline, are seen the first advanc- 
ing steps of new life and civilization. New 
houses are being reared, new groves are 
growing, the pulse of common life is beating 
quicker, and slowly but surely old Florida 
is waking from her slumbers, and becoming 
the New South, only with her skies as blue, 
her winds as soft and her land as fair as 
when, in days gone by, Ponce de Leon 
sought her shores. 



The Trappists of the Mistassini. 

MILES from any civilization whatsoever, 
and nearly three hundred miles from 
the city of Quebec, in a wild forest, a little 
band of Trappist monks, driven by the deso- 
lation of their souls, and perhaps wearied by 
the perpetual conflict of life, or wounded 
by secret griefs and humiliations, have settled 
to an existence of rigor and piety, equaled 
by no other religious order. 

Their settlement lies on the banks of the 
Mistassini river, which flows through the 
cold and dreary St. John country, through 
the Laurentian hills that bound the horizon 
from Quebec. This range forms the core of 
the oldest mountain chain upon the crust of 
the earth. Untold years before Noah's rather 
lonesome cruise in the Ark, the mountains, 
of which these Laurentian hills then formed 
the frame-work, lifted aloft their hoary 
heads, white with the snows of a thousand 
years. There are numerous indications of 
this condition of affairs that forbid any 
doubt on the subject. 

In the summer, for the convenience of 
the guests of the excellent Hotel Roserval, 
on the shores of Lake St. John, a small 



232 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



steamer makes semi- weekly trips to the 
quaint and interesting establishment of the 
Trappists. It was my fortune last summer 
to enjoy the hospitality of this queer frater- 
nity of the Roman Catholic church. Visitors 
at the monastery are seldom, even in sum- 
mer, and perhaps, if for that reason only, 
are always welcomed with a hearty, if some- 
what mute, reception. For their order 
enjoins perpetual silence except under cer- 
tain circumstances and at certain hours of 
the day. In the early days of the Trappists 
absolute silence was observed by all the 
peres et freres, with the exception of the 
guest-master and the bishop in charge, in all 
their daily intercourse. The porter, or guest- 
master himself, was the first man whom I 
met. Little need was there of high walls to 
exclude the curious gaze of an unbelieving 
world, as at the numerous monasteries scat- 
tered through Europe, for theirs was a 
world of its own. On our short walk to 
the establishment I had an opportunity 
of becoming acquainted with my guide. 
Although he was deep in religion, having 
been a brother since early youth, still he 
might be called without disrespect a " jolly 
old soul." His age appeared to be about 
sixty-five, but he had a body that was still 
robust and vigorous under his long brown 
frock, although he had been living so many 
years on bread, cheese, and vegetables. His 
post of porter must have aided him a deal 
in bearing the severe discipline, for he was 
an uncommon talkative chap and the rule 
of silence would have been a more severe 
trial to him than to many another. When 
inside the porter's lodge, and he had poured 
me a cup of home-brewed beer which was 
far too thick and new to be good, my guide 
told me a bit of his life, of his sad love 
affair and his wanderings, and his final set- 
tlement at the monastery at Tracadie in 
Nova Scotia, whence the colony here on the 
Mistassini had been transplanted. The first 



few winters in their new refuge, he said, 
were very harsh and dreary, even to Trap- 
pists. The illness of the bishop prevented 
my reception by that respectable gentleman 
that evening. Necessity and curiosity com- 
pelled my lodging with the freres for the 
night. 

My good friend, the porter, conducted 
me through a large farm-yard to the door of 
a long, low building, which served as a dor- 
mitory. It was cut up into cell-like sleeping 
apartments, with a large assembly-room in 
the center, containing a long, coarse table. 
The beds were of rough, unhewn logs, with 
a mat of fir-boughs and straw, and a simple 
heavy bed "comforter" for a cover. 

When we entered, two men were seated 
at the table eating bread and cheese, and 
drinking their share of beer. One was a 
young fellow, surely not over twenty-five, 
whose face and eyes I shall always remem- 
ber. The other monks, all clad in long 
brown frocks with hanging hoods, their heads 
and faces so completely overgrown with 
matted hair, often white, that little could be 
seen of them save the eyes and noses, could 
hardly be distinguished one from another by 
a stranger. What skin there was visible 
through the matted jungle of hair, was 
hardly less swarthy than a Hindoo's. But 
the usual stupidity and quiet submission 
and penitence this brother wore not, in lieu 
of which an expression of acuteness, and 
almost unrest, lurked. I was glad to be left 
in the charge of this young fellow by the 
two older brothers, for I prophesied an even- 
ing of rare pleasure with the story which 
such a face and eyes betrayed. During the 
light supper, or rather apology for a supper, 
I used all my tact to draw him into conver- 
sation, but not until he had filled two 
glasses with mild white wine of excellent 
flavor, did he speak with any freedom. Per- 
haps because he lacked that strict obedience 
to the discipline, or perhaps because his 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



233 



ideas of hospitality required it, the innocent 
liquor disappeared with a generous rapidity 
at his evidently experienced hand. The 
wine let loose his tongue, and a romance 
so adventurous and altogether interesting 
escaped his lips, that I was completely enrap- 
tured. My space forbids even a brief outline 
of his life story. He was an Italian, but 
spoke English and French excellently. His 
hot Italian blood had got hirn into a duel 
with a young. English nobleman, who, it 
seems, insulted his lady-love. He killed his 
man, and his black-eyed maiden, whose cause 
he had championed, proved faithless and 
betrayed him to the officials. He told of his 
escape from the guillotine, and his adventures 
in the armies of three nations, and finally, 
his escape to America. Not an instant in his 
recitation was other than intensely interest- 
ing. His beautiful eyes lost their fire when 
he told how he at last settled down here, 
under the protection of the robe of his 
mother's faith, with the firm belief that' now 
he had found a balm to suit his sort of sick- 
ness, in a life of incessant punishment of 
self and others. 

All the monks must have been in their 
cells, snoring, with the clear conscience 
which is the gift of the day that has been 
well filled up, when I reluctantly entered 
the room, escorted by my friend of adven- 
tures, who, later, I found held the post of 
postulant, whatever the duties of that office 
may be. The visiting bishop's room was the 
only one in the place that had any preten- 
sions to comfort, and I was duly grateful for 
the favor shown me. The postulant left, 
promising to call me at two o'clock, for 
matins. All his conversation of the evening 
had been hardly above a whisper, which fact, 
together with the quaint garb, the shaved 
crown of the head, and the earnest, hand- 
some features of the Trappist, seemed to 
emphasize the tale. 

I had hardly stretched myself on the 



wretched pallet of straw, when something 
bit me, and soon the biting became general. 
I thought I knew the enemy, but I dared 
not whisper its name even to myself, for I 
was overcome by its condescension. From 
a bishop of the Holy Catholic church to me, 
was a fall in the moral and social scale that 
ought to have made the most voracious 
insect tremble on the edge of the precipice. 

The postulant called me just as the bell, 
a little before two o'clock, was ringing for 
matins, and led me through a labyrinth of 
passages to the chapel, whence issued the 
monotonous plain-chant by the deep-toned 
voices of the freres. Three-quarters of an 
hour, perhaps, the first office of the ritual 
went on; then the monks knelt, each upon 
the narrow piece of wood affixed to their 
stalls for the purpose, and then for an hour, 
with heads bent down, they prayed in 
silence, and in darkness, too, save for a few 
candles on the altar. To the Trappists, 
who day after day, year after year, at the 
same hour had been going through the same 
part of their unchanging discipline, heedless 
whether the stars shone overhead, or the 
lightning glittered, there was nothing in all 
this to draw their minds from the circle of 
devotional routine; I alone felt as if I was 
going to the grave. At four o'clock the chill 
and awful silence was broken by the white- 
robed prior, who rose from his knees like a 
dead man in his shroud, and began to chant 
in another tone and measure from what had 
gone before, and which had in it the sadness 
of the wind, moaning in the pine tops by 
the river. Strong and clear it was, yet so 
solemn that it seemed well-nigh unearthly, 
and in some strange way to mingle with the 
purity of the cold dawn, that comes when 
all the passions of the world are still, but 
which makes the leaves tremble at the crime 
and trouble of another day. 

When the prior stood up, the brothers 
left to begin their manual labor, each one in 



234 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



his allotted place. The fathers remained in 
their stalls until after six o'clock mass. As I 
passed out of the church I looked at the two 
rows of white figures standing in their stalls. 
It maj' have been the effect of the mingled 
daylight and candlelight or of my own imag- 
ination; whatever the reason, I thought dur- 
ing those few seconds I had never before 
seen such a collection of strange and startling- 
faces. They were not those of weak men, 
but of sombre men, who had walked through 
hell, like Dante, and who bore upon their 
calm and corpse-like features the deep-cut 
traces of the flame and horror. The postu- 
lant returned for me after I had slept perhaps 
three hours, and escorted me all over the 
clearing, everywhere in which we found the 
freres with their frocks hitched up above 
their naked ankles. The crude products of 
their farming goes into the common fund for 
their sustenance and charity. Mauy of the 
monks, though, are or were men of inde- 
pendent means. I say were, because when 
they accept the robe, they cast aside every- 
thing worldly, — their name, their property, 
and their relatives. The postulant told me 
he knew the real names of but two men of 
the fraternity. 

The Trappists' diet is extremely simple, 
consisting of but two meals a day of soup 
and vegetables — no meat, fish, nor animal 
product except butter and cheese. The living 
of each monk probably costs not more 
than twenty-five cents a week. The large 
remainder of the common fund is devoted 
almost entirely to charity among the Indians 
and Canadians, and to the improvements. 

I was invited with much kindness and 
courtesy to stay until after the eleven o'clock 
meal; but grateful as I felt to the Trappists 
for their bread, cheese, and wine, I was quite 
content with what I had received. My curi- 
osity being excellently satisfied I gladly went 
back into the wicked world, after exchanging 
a cordial farewell with the postulant and the 
good bishop himself. 



Sowdoir? ^2)ep§e. 

Unheard. 

Often sweetest music 
To our sense appears 
But a simple silence; — 
Deaf are mortal ears. 

Grander than the music 
Man can make or bird, 
Melodies unnumbered 
We have never heard. 

When the river's frozen, 
Who can kuow the song 
Sung below the ice sheet 
As it flows along? 

When the singer's silent, 
Who can know there are 
Sung within her bosom 
Sweeter songs by far? 

When the pealing organ's 
Anthem no more rolls, 
Who can hear its echoes 
In the raptured souls? 

Who can hear the daisies, 
When the night is done, 
Sing in fragrant chorus, 
Welcoming the sun? 

When a soul from darkness 
Seeks the light again, 
Who can hear the angels 
Shout their glad refrain ? 

In the skies of midnight 
Every starry sphere 
Joins in mighty chorus- 
Yet we never hear. 

All the world is music ; 
All of life is song; 
But we miss the sweetest 
In earth's busy throng. 

The River of Youth. 

Come to the banks of the beautiful river 

Flowing so fair and free; 
Watch how the laughing ripples quiver, 
Eddying on and pausing never, 
Trilling the same light song forever, 

Hastening on to the sea. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



235 



Hark to the song of the river singing- 


Above the roar of surges wild 


Singing to you and me ; 


Was heard a voice with acceuts mild: 


Out of the blue sky messages bringing, 


" My brother, ere 


Over its golden pathway springing, 


Death thy funeral knell shall toll, 


High on the rocks its white spray flinging, 


0, offer for thy brother's soul 


Hastening on to the sea. 


A simple prayer ! " 




Tho' poor Pietro 


Bright in the arrowy crimson of morning, 


Heard, he believed 


Flushing with floods of glee; 


He was deceived 


Filled with the force of their own life's 


And murmured low: 


dawning, 


"Nanna calls me, 


Watch how the dancing waves are scorning 


So fair is she, 


All the flowers the banks adorning, 


I love her so!" 


Hastening on to the sea. 






When on the shore Pietro did leap, 


Over the emerald border bending, 


From tower, with tone distinct and deep, 


Here on the summer lea, 


There tolled a bell. 


All of our joy has sorrow blending, 


" Why do you pray ? Allay my fears." 


Watching the river of youth descending, 


A fisherman said, suppressing tears: 


Hurrying on to its unknown ending, 


"It is her knell." 


Hastening on to the sea. 


Pale grows Pietro; 




He softly sighs, 




Sinks down and dies, 


Nanna. 


Repeating low : 


[From the French of Casiniir Delavigne.] 


" Nanna calls me, 
So fair is she, 


"The wild surge swells, and black the sky; 


I love her so." 


0, Pietro, why away dost hie?" 
Said his mother; 






'"Twas but one year ago I fain 


( 'O^ $)/ 


Did warn thy brother— 'twas in vain, 


y$L§?~i =^\x±jv y ^ , 


Thy poor brother ! " 




Tost to and fro, 


At sea afloat, 
From out his boat 


Thus spoke Pietro : 


vllifliltllleeS^^ 1*V 


"Nanna calls me, 


TyfisS&sr&^s^ 


So fair is she, 


'Jfr&Zvi Thursday, January 30th, 


I love her so! " 


'*-^jP J^ was 0Dserve< l here, in common 




^f-yi y with colleges everywhere, as the 


The white sea-gull with plaintive cry 


fyCl Day of Prayer for Colleges. All col- 
^f lege exercises were suspended. The 


Did o'er his storm-rocked wherry fly. 


"Fisherman, stay! 


?■ speaker of the day was Eev. Phillip 


The nest which was so dear to me 


S. Moxom, D.D., of Springfield, one of the best 


Was just now swept from crag to sea 


known and ablest clergymen that Bowdoin has had 


By storm's wild fray ! " 


the pleasure of hearing for a long time. The 


But brave Pietro, 


chapel was filled at 10.30 a.m., with students and 


Still struggling on, 


a few towns-people. The singing, by Messrs. Wil- 


With strength new-born, 


lard, '96, White, '97, Webster, '98, and White, '99, 


Kept saying low : 


was of unusual excellence. In his discourse Dr. 


" Nanna calls me, 


Moxom dwelt upon the greatness of the power of 


So fair is she, 


personality, the ability to control the hearts and 


I love her so ! " 


minds of men. More to be desired than the power 



236 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



of wealth or of intellectual attainments, is that 
power which gives the strong, noble, true man con- 
trol over his fellows. 

Now for the athletic field. 

Stearns, '97, has returned from teaching. 

Shute, '97, is teaching at Winter Harbor. 

Will there be any boat race in the spring? 

The Juniors are planning for a German play. 

Varrell, '97, was forced by illness to go home 
last week. 

President Hyde addressed the Y. M. C. A. Sun- 
day, January 26th. 

Washington's Birthday is our next holiday. It 
falls on Saturday. 

Gilpatric, '96, was called home last Friday by 
the illness of his mother. 

Many students took advantage of last Thurs- 
day's holiday by visiting their homes. 

The annual reception and ball of the * T fra- 
ternity is announced for February 14th. 

The '68 prize speakers are overhauling the 
library and their brains for subjects and materials. 

These perfect moonlight nights of late have 
made many students dream of best girls and sleigh 
rides. 

Dr. Moulton of Portland is here each Saturday 
afternoon to examine, free of charge, the eyes of 
the students. 

The chorus girls of the " 1492" company, which 
waited over for trains here, did the town and cam- 
pus last week. 

The snow-shoe enthusiasts were planning for a 
base-ball game on the delta last Saturday, but the 
storm weakened their ardor. 

The annual meeting of the Washington Associa- 
tion of Bowdoin Alumni comes on the evening of 
February 6th, at Hotel Page. 

The Seniors in German are working on long 
articles concerning various authors and their works, 
to be read before the Verein. 

Professor Johnson has gone to Washington to 
represent the college at the annual meeting of the 
Bowdoin alumni of that city. 

Professor Little, Dr. Whittier, and Dane, '96, 
will represent the college at the annual meeting of 
the Boston Alumni, this week. 

The college is anxious for an opportunity to 
hear its glee and banjo clubs. Both are certainly 
of superior excellence this year. 



Eastman, '96, was on the campus last Saturday. 
It is doubtful if the state of his health allows him 
to return to college before spring. 

Kyes, '96, Home, '97, Kendall, '98, and Godfrey, 
'99, are entered in the contests of the B. A. A., in 
Mechanics' Hall, Boston, February 8th. 

Flash-light pictures are having a run of popu- 
larity, and many interiors and jolly groups have 
been taken recently by amateur photographers. 

Professor Lee enjoyed a trip to the White Mount- 
ains last week, where he lectured on " The Depths 
of the Sea," at North Conway and Bartlett, N. H. 

Kyes, '96, and Warren, '96, represented Theta 
Chapter at the annual banquet of the New England 
Alumni Association of AKE, in Boston, January 
25th. 

About twenty men are taking the base-ball 
training under Captain Hull. There is some very 
promising material among the Freshman candi- 
dates. 

Robinson, '96, was in Boston last week to attend 
a business meeting of the N. E. I. A. A. It is 
probable that the field day will be held in some 
other city than Worcester this year. 

Mrs. Carpenter of Portland, who has been giv r 
ing a series of French readings, is to give a series 
of German readings, beginning February 13th and 
continuing for six Thursday evenings, at the home 
of Professor Hutchins. 

The chess tournament, which has been under 
way all the term, is at its end. Twenty players 
started in, and they have now been thinned out so 
that Lyford, '96, and Gardiner, '98, are left to play 
this week for the championship. 

Last winter's success, " The Frogs of Windham," 
will be given here again February 20th, and in Bath 
the following evening. Willard, '96, who was pre- 
vented by illness from taking the part of Uncas, 
will fill that role this time. Many Bowdoin boys 
are in the cast. 

The Bachelor of Arts offers a prize of $125 
for the best story written by an undergraduate 
subscriber. Full particulars in the February num- 
ber. Here is a chance for the literary genius of 
Bowdoin, always so responsive (?) to the Orient's 
appeals, to make a ten-strike. 

Ex-Mayor E. U. Curtis, '82, of Boston, was here 
last week calling on old friends. He visited the 
site of the proposed athletic field, and was much 
pleased with the location and the prospects. Mr. 
Curtis has been compelled by ill health to take a 
little vacation from his law work. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



237 



It is learned on semi-official authority that early 
the coming seasou the Maine Central will erect at 
Brunswick one of the largest and hest stations to 
be found on the entire line. A large train shed 
will be built, similar to the one now in use at the 
Portland Union Station. 

A former editor-in-chief of the Orient writes 
us as follows : " Nothing in the Orient has pleased 
me so much for a long time as the graceful essay 
on Eugene Field. I always like to see good work 
in the Orient, and the editor only knows how hard 
it is to find anything available." 

A leap-year ball was given by a number of 
the Brunswick young ladies in the court room last 
Tuesday evening, and was greatly enjoyed by the 
select circle of students who were favored with 
invitations. The patrons were Professor Chapman, 
Professor Robinson, aud Dr. Mitchell. 

The first Junior assembly was held in Town 
Hall, Saturday evening, January 25th, and was a 
very pleasant affair, although the storm prevented 
a large attendance. The fine work of the college 
orchestra won the members many compliments. 
A party of Bath young ladies was present. 

The foot-ball team, which has been unable to 
get all its members together since the season closed, 
met last Saturday to have the group picture taken 
by Webber. The election for captain resulted in 
the choice of Stearns, '97, who played left end in 
every game last fall, and who is eminently fitted 
for the position of leader of next fall's eleven. 

The twenty-sixth annual meeting of the Bowdoin 
alumni of Portland and vicinity will be held on 
Saturday, February J 5th, at the Falmouth Hotel. 
The anniversary oration will be given by Mr. David 
W. Snow of the Class of '73, and the poem by Mr. 
Joseph A. Locke of the Class of '65. Mr. Clarence 
W. Peabody, of the Class of '93, will act as toast- 
master. 

A Bath philosopher is tryiug to auswer the 
question, "Why are there so many old maids in 
Bath?" His observations lead him to believe that 
Bath girls first set their cap for some out of town 
young man; but, failing to catch him, they turn to 
the youth of their own city, only to find them 
already married. We wonder what the experience 
and observations of Bowdoin boys would lead them 
to say on this question? 

The second German Song Recital, by Mrs. 
Florence Lee Whitman, on the evening of January 
23d, called out the entire student body and a large 



number of Brunswick people. That great triumvi- 
rate of German song composers, Schubert, Schu- 
mann, and Franz, was the subject of the evening, 
and four or five songs, illustrating the work of 
each, were superbly rendered by Mrs. Whitman. 
The third and last recital will be on Thursday 
evening, February 6th. 

The college orchestra is again proving a great 
success, and is winning many compliments wherever 
it appears. It has played this wiuter at the Soph- 
omore speaking, the first assembly and the leap- 
year ball. It will play two nights for "The Frogs 
of Windham," aud has numerous other engage- 
ments. The orchestra is composed as follows : 
Illis, M. S., and Moulton, '99, first violins ; White, 
'98, and Haskell, '99, second violins; Crawford, '95, 
viola; Dillaway, '98, cello; Holmes, '97, clarinet; 
Cobb, M. S., and Merrill, '99, cornets; andPennell, 
piano. Illis is leader, and Holmes manager. 

It has been often remarked that the State of 
Maine has at the present time more places of honor 
and influence in our national councils than any 
other state. Upon further investigation it appears 
that Bowdoin College occupies as prominent a 
place in the state as the state does in the nation. 
Speaker Reed, of the House; Senator Frye, Chair- 
man pro tern, of the Senate, and Chief Justice 
Fuller of the Supreme Court, are all graduates of 
Bowdoin. Thus she has the great honor, probably 
unprecedented in our history, of wielding the 
gavel over the three greatest bodies in the nation. 
— The University Courier. 

The Glee Club, with Willard, '96, as leader, and 
Ward, '96, as manager, has been steadily at work 
and is getting into fine trim for business. The first 
trip will be to Houlton, Oldtown, and Bangor on 
the evenings of February 11th, 12th, aud 13th. 
It is probable the club will be made up as follows : 
Veazie, '99, and Briggs, M. S., first tenors; Peaks, 
'96, Bisbee, '98, and Stockbridge, '99, second tenors; 
Holmes, '97, and Sinkinson, '99, first bases; and 
Willard, '96, and Drake, '98, second bases. The 
banjo club is the best the college ever had, and will 
be a feature in every concert. It is made up as 
follows: Ward, '96, Coburu, '96, and Gribbin, '97, 
first banjo; Drake, '98, second banjo; Webster, '98, 
White, '98, and Merrill, M. S., mandolins; and Ham- 
leu, '98, and Potter, M. S., guitars. Pennell, '98, 
will act as accompanist for the clubs, and Coggan, 
'97, will go with them as reader. 

A mass-meeting of the students was held Tuesday 
afternoon, January 28th, to consider the matter of 



238 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



the debts of the various athletic associations. Dr. 
Whittier and Prof. Moody were present and addressed 
the meeting, and many students spoke. It was the 
unanimous sentimeut that the debts of the base- 
ball, foot-ball, and field and track associations 
must be wiped out at once, before any appeal was 
made to the alumni for funds for the new athletic 
field. It was announced that the debts amounted 
to about $1,000, with $250 due the various associa- 
tions in unpaid subscriptions. The faculty was 
willing to contribute $250 if the student body 
would at once raise the remaining $500. Voluntary 
subscriptions were called for, and in a very few 
moments the required $500, and a good margin to 
spare, was subscribed, nearly every one of the 200 
students present showing his willingness to do his 
part towards making the associations square with 
the world. It was a rousing good meeting. Small, 
'96, presided, and Minot, '96, was secretary. Minot 
was also appointed to receive the money raised and 
pledged at the meeting. 

A North End maid is a fin de siecle girl, well up 
in tights and physical culture; well read in litera- 
ture and hygiene. She sometimes favors a fad, and 
a recent fad was to sleep with her chamber door 
shut and window wide open, even during zero 
nights. She had read that this was good for the 
complexion, and, girl like, had confided in a friend, 
who had given the secret away to a bad Bowdoiu 
boy, who was formerly a favorite, but who now is 
not, of the Bud with the Pad. One evening last 
week the mercury was going up and down like 
stocks of late, chiefly down, and near to zero. The 
maiden was sleeping and the midnight hour was 
near when the student approached the house, 
looked up and down the street, dodged into the 
yard, lighted a match and five small July 4 crack- 
ers, which he tossed skillfully into the open window 
and then, like the Senators, he adjourned. Nothing 
happened, and the maiden slept on ! Next morning 
she found the little bunch of fire- works in her wash- 
bowl, into which, partly full of water, they had 
landed. Nevertheless a row is on and the maiden 
now sleeps with her window closed. 

— Bath Independent. 



The Cornell Faculty has determined to improve 
the quality of English used by the students. A 
resolution has been passed recommending that 
every examiner reject any paper containing any 
bad spelling or faults of expression. How would 
this work here ? 



When Canova, the great sculptor, was about to 
begin work upon his statue of Napoleon, it is said 
that his keen eye saw a tiny red line running 
through the upper part of the splendid block of 
marble out of which he was to carve the statue. 
The stone had been brought at great expense from 
Paros for this express purpose. Common eyes saw 
no flaw in it, but the sculptor saw it, and would not 
use the marble. 

May it not be so ofttimes with lives which face 
great opportunities ? God's eye sees in them some 
undiscovered flaw or fault, some tiny line of marring 
color. God desires truth in the inward parts. The 
life that pleases Him must be pure and white 
throughout. He who clings to faults discovered, 
refusing to cast them out, or he who refuses to let 
the candle of the Lord search out the hidden faults 
in him, that he may put them away, is marring his 
own destiny. God cannot use him for the larger, 
nobler task or trust for which He had planned to 
use him. 



This truth comes to us more and more the longer 
that we live, that on what field or in what uniform 
or with what aims we do our duty matters very 
little, or even what our duty is, great or small, 
splendid or obscure. Only to find our duty cer- 
tainly and somewhere, somehow do it faithfully, 
makes us good, strong, happy, and useful men, and 
tunes our lives into some feeble echo of the life of 
God. — Phillips Brooks. 



The longer I live, the more I am satisfied of 
two things: first, that the truest lives are those 
that are cut rose-diamoud fashion, with many facets 
answering to the many-planed aspects of the world 
about them; secondly, that society is always trying 
in some way or other to grind us down to a single 
flat surface. It is hard work to resist this grinding- 
down action.— Oliver Wendell Holmes. 



The Missouri University Glee Club, on its holi- 
day trip through Missouri and Kansas, was stranded 
in the latter state. 

The co-educational fraternity, which has for 
some time carried on a struggling existence at the 
University of Michigan, has been given up on 
account of the faculty's hostilities. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



239 




'41. — George Frederic 
Magoun, A.M.,D.D., Presi- 
dent of Iowa College, died last week 
at his home in Grinnell, Iowa. Dr. 
joun was horn in Bath, Me., March 
29, 1821, and after his graduation from 
Bowdoin, in the Class of '41, he studied theology at 
Andover and Yale. He entered upon the work of 
the ministry at Skullsburg, Wis. He occupied a 
pastorate at Galena, 111., from 1848 to 1851 ; then 
at Davenport, Iowa, until 1860; then at Lyons, 
Iowa, until 1864. In 1865 he was elected President, 
and Professor of Mental and Moral Science of Iowa 
College at Grinnell, and at once entered upon the 
duties of this position. He served this institution 
ably and faithfully for thirty years, and died at his 
post of duty. In 1867 Amherst conferred upon him 
the degree of D.D. Dr. Magoun was a constant 
and valued contributor to the religious and secular 
press, and was well known as a public speaker and 
lecturer. He was twice married: in 1847 to Abby 
A. Hyde of Bath, and in 1870 to Elizabeth Earle of 
Brunswick, and was the father of twelve children. 
He was a member of the Bowdoin Chapter of Alpha 
Delta Phi. 

'52.— Col. Henry Stone, Superintendent of Out- 
door Poor of Boston, died in that city the 18th of 
January. Col. Stone was born in Andover, Maine, 
August 27, 1830, and moved to Massachusetts when 
a boy. He prepared for college at the Latin School 
in Salem, where his father was minister of the First 
Church. He entered Harvard in 1848, but at the 
end of the year came to Bowdoin College, where he 
graduated in 1852. He then became a resident of 
Portland, where he edited a Republican paper and 
took an active part in the Fremont campaign in 
1856. He went to New York in 1857 and was there 
connected with the press, among other papers the 
Evening Post. In 1860 he went to Wisconsin, and 
at the outbreak of the war entered the service as 
second lieutenant of the First Wisconsin Infantry. 
In 1862 he was detailed on the staff of Gen. D. C. 
Buell. He was at department headquarters at 
Nashville till January, 1863, and then as A. A. A. G. 
to General Rosecrans at headquarters at Murfrees- 



boro. In April, 1863, he was appointed Captain and 
A. A. G., and placed on duty in the provost-mar- 
shal-general's bureau in the War Department at 
Washington. In 1864 he was assigned on the staff 
of Major-General G. H. Thomas, and served under 
him through the Atlanta campaign. In 1865 he 
was appointed lieuteuant-colonel of the 100th U. S. 
C. T., and commanded the sub-district in Ten- 
nessee until mustered out December 26, 1865. He 
was brevetted colonel for faithful and meritorious 
service. He settled in Nashville, Tenn., and in 
1866 was appoiuted by Governor Brownlow chief 
police commissioner of that city. He held that office 
through the stormy period of the Ku Klux organi- 
zation, and by timely action prevented serious riots 
caused by that lawless body and by negro suffrage. 
He was chief of a division and acting chief in the 
census bureau in Washington, 1870-1872. In 1872 
he went to New York, where he lived till 1881 in 
charge of the compilation of " Poor's Manual of 
Railroads." He has lived in Boston since 1881. 
He had been junior vice-commander of the military 
order of the Loyal Legion of the State and a member 
of the Grand Army of the Republic, of the Massa- 
chusetts Historical Society, Bunker Hill Monument 
Association, Bostonian Society, Pine Tree State 
Club, and a member, by appointment of Governor 
Ames, of the board of lunacy and charity. In the 
Lowell Institute war lectures in the season of 1886, 
Colonel Stone delivered one of the most important 
of the course on the campaign of Thomas and Hood. 
In 1893, upon the death of Captain Shurtliff, he 
became superintendent of outdoor relief, an occu- 
pation for which his kindly nature admirably fitted 
him. He married Mrs. Whiton, who has some note 
as a writer of beautiful verse. He is himself a man 
of property, and has devoted most of his life to 
study and writing. He was a member of Chi Psi 
Fraternity. 

Ex-'58.— Oklahoma will send as a delegate to the 
Republican national convention, Gen. Henry G. 
Thomas, U. S. A., retired, of Oklahoma City. Gen- 
eral Thomas is a member of the well-known Port- 
laud family of that name, a long time friend of 
Tom Reed, and a loyal son of Maine and Bowdoin 
in the bargain. There cannot be much doubt, they 
say, who will get General Thomas's vote in the 
convention. 

'74. — Col. Frank W. Hawthorne, for several years 
past editor of the Jacksonville (Florida) Times- 
Union, has taken editorial charge of the New York 
Morning Advertiser. His newspaper career has 
been eminently successful. 



240 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



'81. — Among the marriage announcements in the 
Minneapolis papers, last week, is that of Dr. Henry 
L. Staples and Miss Jennie Mitchell, daughter of 
Judge Mitchell of St. Paul. The paper had the 
following interesting remarks about the groom : 
" Dr. Staples is a native of Limerick, Me. He was 
graduated from Bowdoin College in the Class of 
1881. He received the degree of A.M. in 1884 and 
M.D. in 1886 from the same institution. After his 
graduation he did a lot of post-graduate work in 
New York City. He then went to Portland, where 
he was house surgeon and pathologist at the Maine 
General Hospital. Later he was appointed surgeon 
of the eastern branch of the National Soldiers' 
Home, from which position he resigned in 1890 and 
went to Minneapolis, where he has since resided 
and built up a fine practice. He is a member of 
the American Academy of Medicine, the state and 
local medical societies, and also of the University 
Medical Faculty. After the wedding— a very quiet 
one at the home of the bride— Dr. and Mrs. Staples 
left for New York, where they took passage on the 
Kaiser Wilhelm, January 23d, for Gibraltar. They 
will spend a short time in Spain, and then visit the 
larger Italian cities, finally going to Vienna, where 
Dr. Staples will pursue his medical studies. Re- 
turning in June, they will be at home at their new 
residence, 430 Oak Grove Street, Minneapolis. 

»8I. — Edgar 0. Achorn has an exceedingly inter- 
esting article on "Ibsen at Home," in the February 
number of the New England Magazine. Mr. 
Achorn is an Ibsen enthusiast, and while abroad 
last summer took occasion to visit the great dra- 
matist at his home in Christiania. The article is a 
charming picture of Ibsen and his home, illustrated 
by a fine series of pictures never before published. 
Mr. Achorn is now in the active practice of the law 
in Boston, his office being at 27 Tremont Row. 

'87. — E. C. Plummer's "Anglophile's Song," re- 
cently published in the New York Sun, has been 
widely copied and has attracted much attention. 
It is dedicated to the American cockney and his 
un-American supporters. It bristles with the keen- 
est satire, and is eloquent with a spirit that appeals 
to the Jingo's heart. It is given below in full : 

What's this talk of bloody fightin'? 

Why should Congress up and rail ? 
What's the use of Grover's bitin' 

Pieces off the Lion's tail ? 
I've no need to go to readin' 

'Bout the causes of this fight, 
For it's part of all my breedih' 

That Old England's always right: 

And I don't want no more light. 



Fight with England ! She's our mother 

(P'raps the breed is kind of mixed), 
And I'm never going to smother 

My affections, now they're fixed; 
For howe'er the truth one minces, 

This fact comes to him again: 
She's got Lords and Dukes and Princes, 

We've got nothin' here but men. 

What do we amount to, then ? 

She ain't doin' nothin' novel 

Down on Venezuela's sand; 
Where her squatter stuck his hovel 

She has always claimed the land . 
If folks there objected to it 

She has knocked them out of sight — 
And of course she wouldn't do it 

If she wasn't in the right. 

She's a spreader of the light ! 

Now it's somethin' awful solemn 
When with Providence you fight 

(Take her plans and overhaul 'em, 
Thinkin' you can set 'em right). 

England never makes that blunder, 
She knows Destiny's strong hand, 

And you see she's slid from under 
In Armenia's bloody land- 
She wants Turkey's power to stand. 

Let her build her forts about us — 

She don't mean us any harm — 
Maybe she may sometimes flout us, 

But we needn't feel alarm; 
With her guns the Gulf commandin' 

She the great canal can guard, 
And no man of understandin' 

Ought to take that very hard, 

When 'twould be her strongest card. 

Since her love for us ne'er ceases, 

We should show the Christian's might — 
When our left cheek's banged to pieces 

We should turn to her our right — 
Singing, " She can do no evil, 

Therefore, all the rest are wrong, 
And are 'children of the devil,' 

Unto whom they do belong. 

May his grip on them be strong! " 

'91. — Rev. John R. Home, Jr., is the leader and 
hero of an active crusade now being waged against 
the rum-sellers and lawless element of Bartlett, N. 
H, where he is pastor of the Congregational church. 
One night recently some of his enemies made an 
attempt to burn his church, but a timely discovery 
of the blaze prevented serious loss. Those who 
know Mr. Home feel sure that his perseverance and 
energy will in the end make him master of the 
situation. 

'91. — Dr. Ralph H. Hunt, assistant surgeon at 
the National Home, who has been ill with typhoid 
fever at his home in Bangor, has so far recovered 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



241 



as to be able to return to Togus and resume his 
duties. 

'92. — Harry Farrar Linscott received the degree 
of Ph.D. at Chicago University, January 2, 1896. 
He is now instructor in Latin at Brown University. 
His thesis was, " The Latin Third Declension— a 
study iu syncretism and metaplasm." 

'92. — Born in January, to the wife of Roland W. 
Mann of Boston, a son. 

'93. — Arthur S. Haggett of Newcastle, has won 
the $200 scholarship in Greek at Johns Hopkins 
University. 

'94. — Bryant is teaching in Saco. 

'94. — Hinkley is with Estes, Lauriat & Co., 
publishers, Boston. 

'95. — Holmes is studying law in the office of 
McGillicuddy & Morey, Lewiston. 

'95. — Crawford has been offered a fine position 
in Minneapolis, and will soon leave for that city. 

'95. — Mead has been elected principal of the 
Searsport High School. 

The recently elected executive committee of the 
Cumberland Bar Association has four of its five 
members Bowdoin men, viz.: C. F. Libby, '64, Clar- 
ence Hale, '69, S. L. Larrabee, 75, and F. C. 
Pay son, 76. 



Sook I^eview§. 

(The Timon ofLucian. Edited by J. B. Sewall, 
Bowdoin, '48, head-master of the Thayer Academy, 
Braintree, Mass. Published by Ginn & Co.) This 
edition of the Timon of Luciau has been prepared 
in response to the demand for a wider and more 
varied reading of Greek authors, in preparation 
for college. Luciau was not a historian, and hardly 
a poet, but a writer chiefly of lighter prose unique 
and racy, and the Timon, supposed to have been 
the source of Shakespeare's Timon of Athens, is 
one of his masterpieces. The text is followed by 
notes, a vocabulary, and word-groups (by roots or 
stems), making the volume, while small enough to 
thrust into the pocket, a complete instrument by 
itself for the readiug of the text. This latter fact 
will also commend the book to professional men or 
others who wish to keep fresh their acquaintance 
with Greek, and would like a handy volume for a 
companion of travel or hours of leisure. 



Classics. These neat little volumes in their plan 
and execution make the ideal edition of Shake- 
speare for the use of the student. The introduc- 
j tion, notes, appendices, etc., are very comprehensive 
', and convenient for use in the class-room or library. 
The plays are presented in their literary aspect 
and in regard to their dramatic value, more than 
as mere material for the study of philology or 
grammar. Questions of date and literary history 
have been fully dealt with, but the larger space 
has been devoted to the interprative rather than 
the matter-of-fact order of scholarship. With this 
edition the study and analysis of dramatic motives 
and dramative character may be profitably under- 
taken. Close attention is given to the typographi- 
cal details. The volumes of this series are only 
forty cents each. The following plays are ready : 
Hamlet, Macbeth, Julius Ceasar, Twelfth Night, 
As You Like It, Richard II.; and others will follow 
shortly. 



Macbeth, and Richard II. Two volumes of the 
Arden Shakespeare in Heath's series of English 




The Tale of a Mill. 

Jo Hamilton Miller, we all called him Ham, 

Had built him a mill by tlie site of a dam; 

But a hurricane came which lasted all night; 

Now, has he a mill ? Not by a dam site! 

— Lehigh Burr. 
Twenty-seven men have reported for the U. of 
P. track team. 

T. Couneff, the world's champion mile runner, 
has entered Holy Cross. 

Captain Wilson has been re-elected captain of 
the Wesleyan foot-ball team. 

Captain Connor has been elected captain of the 
West Point eleven for 1896. 

About one hundred candidates responded to 
Captain Dean's call for the Harvard 'Varsity nine. 

The Toronto Lacrosse Association has offered a 
trophy to be competed for by teams from American 
colleges, 



242 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



At the Foot-Ball Game. 
" The umpire called a foul just now, 

But I see no feathers," said she. 
" Um, — ah, — yes, the reason is 
'Tis a picked eleven ! " quoth 'he. — The Unit. 
The sum total of the, funds of Yale University 

is about $4,000,000. 

Tkeed. 

A spruce young man adored a maid, 

His love she did decline; 
And this young man, so spruce before, 

Turned quick as thought to pine. 

— Scio Collegian. 

The first Ph.D. degree given by the University 
of Chicago was conferred upon a Japanese. 
"We shall meet but we shall miss him, 

There will be a vacant chair; 
For he took the hair restorer 

And it stored away the heir. — Yale Record. 
Query — Why is a Freshman like the hill in front 
of the college building ? Because he is an ascent 
to the college. — The University Beacon. 
" A word to the wise is sufficient 
Is a maxim we've frequently heard; 
And now what we want is a maxim 
To tell us just what is that word." 

— Lasell Leaves. 
The N. E. I. A. A. will not meet at Worcester 
this year, but is considering offers from several 
other available places. 

One of Chicago's yells : — 

Who's the feller, who's the feller, 

Zip, boom, zah, 
Rockafeller, he's the feller, 
Bah, rah, rah! 
The total enrollment of Ann Arbor for this year 
is 2,904, the literary department including 1,486. 
This is a total increase of 121 over last year. 
Deceivers Ever. 
I met a maid one summer day 

Within the forest green- 
She was so fair I swore that she 
Must be the fairy queen. 

But to my sorrow since I've found 

She played another part — 
She was a highway robber, for 

She stole away my heart! — Ex. 

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BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Vol. XXV. 



BRUNSWICK, MAINE, FEBRUARY 19, 1896. 



No. 14. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 

PUBLISHED EVERY ALTERNATE WEDNESDAY DURING 
THE COLLEGIATE YEAR EY THE STUDENTS OF 

BOWDOIN COLLEGE. 

EDITORIAL BOARD. 

J. C. Minot, '96, Editor-in-Chief. 

C. W. Marston, '96, Assistant Editor-in-Chief. 

H. R. Blodgett, '96, Business Manager. 

G. T. Ordway, '96. H. H. Pierce, '96. 

H. Gilpatric, '96. R. S. Hagar, '97. 

P. P. Baxter, '98. T. L. Marble, '98. 

C. C. Smith, '98. 



Per annum, in advance $2.00. 

Single Copies, 15 Cents. 

Extra copies can beobtained atthe bookstores oron applica- 
tion to the Business Manager. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Manager. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Editor-in-Chief. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Bowdoin Verse Department should be 
sent to Box 1100, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should be sentto Box 1091, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post-OEBce at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 

Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston. 

CONTENTS. 

Vol. XXV., No. 14.— February 19, 1896. 

Editorial Notes, 243 

The Psi TJpsilon Reception 247 

Portland Alumni Meeting, 248 

Boston Alumni Meeting, 249 

Washington Alumni Meeting, 2S0 

A Mutual Understanding, 252 

Bowdoin Verse : 

The Dreamer, 253 

Washington — Lincoln, 253 

The Sad Fate of Little Willy, 253 

Studying Philosophy 253 

Collegii Tabula, 254 

Y. M. C. A 256 

Personal, 257 

In Memoriam 257 

College World, 258 




The re-occurrence each winter of 
the reunions and banquets of the various 
alumni associations of our college, brings the 
name of Bowdoin before the country in a 
manner that justifies the pride and pleasure 
that thrills our hearts. As the sons of old 
Bowdoin, loyal and enthusiastic always, how- 
ever far they have wandered from its fine- 
shaded campus, or however long the time 
since last they trod its paths, meet to 
renew the tie that binds them together, to 
sing the praises of their Alma Mate?; and to 
declare again their undying allegiance to her, 
the country looks on in amazement, that one 
little college, isolated, and drawing its stu- 
dents from so limited an area, could be the 
mother of so noble a family. Thus at least 
once each year the press of the country tells 
the story of Bowdoin, and rehearses the roll 
of its immortal alumni, until the proud fame 
of our college is spread through all the land 
and far beyond its borders, and its honored 
name is seen to be high among those of Ameri- 
can educational institutions. No college or 
university holds more illustrious gatherings of 
alumni than those which meet in the name of 
Bowdoin. This has long been true in the 
past; it is certainly as true at the present 
day; and that it will continue to be true in 
the future we have every reason to believe. 
The deathless names that make up the 



244 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



splendid galaxy of Bowdoin's famous grad- 
uates are a source of pride and glory to our 
state and nation and to humanity. 

Scattered through every state of our 
nation and through many foreign lands, the 
sons of Bowdoin have demonstrated their 
right to lead in every branch of public and 
jjrofessional life. But better still, they are 
universally men of integrity and honor, 
whose private lives are free from stain, men 
who know no compromise with wrong. 
Thus, when Bowdoin men meet, whether in 
the large and formal gatherings at Washing- 
ton, New York, Boston, and Portland, or 
in assemblages at more distant points, 
there are generally present men of high 
position, honored far and wide, and there 
are always present men whose character and 
deeds make them honored in their communi- 
ties and loved by all who know them. And 
the earnest loyalty of many hundred such 
alumni has done not a little to make more 
sublime and fair the name our college has won 
in the century of life which has just closed. 

As under-graduates of Bowdoin at this 
grandest time in her history it is our proud 
privilege to share the reflected glory of her 
alumni roll. Well indeed it is for that stu- 
dent who realizes the duty and appreciates 
the responsibility which this privilege brings. 
We who are under-graduates to-day, will be 
to-morrow alumni of Bowdoin; and with 
this thought before us the study of the past 
of our college with the grandeur of its 
triumphs, and the contemplation of its grad- 
uates standing at the front in all that is 
noble and great, should be far more to us 
than the occasion for a momentary thrill of 
pride and exultation. It should be to us 
ever an inspiration, a guide to point out our 
pathway, a living force within us to help us 
onward and upward. 

If there is any virtue in the example of 
those we love and reverence, then we have 



indeed a priceless inheritance. There may 
be none among us to-day who will attain to 
the plane in literature occupied by Longfel- 
low, Hawthorne, Abbott, Kellogg, or Bates ; 
none who will preside over the greatest 
judicial and legislative bodies of the country, 
where Fuller, Reed, and Frye now preside so 
ably ; none who will attain to the office 
occupied bj' Pierce; none whose eloquence 
will equal that of Prentiss ; none whom a 
great cause will claim in martyrdom as 
Cilley was claimed; none who will lead 
armies to victory as Howard and Chamber- 
lain led them; none who will penetrate the 
frozen zone in the cause of science as Peary 
has done; none whose names will rank in 
statesmanship with those of Andrew, Fes- 
senden, Hale, Bradbury, Evans, Felch, and 
many other Bowdoin men; none who will 
stand as high in theology as Stowe, Harris, 
Everett, Hamlin, Spaulding, Cheever, Henry 
B. Smith, and those strong champions of 
religious liberty, Egbert C. and Newman 
Smyth; none who will rank in medicine 
with Barker;— there may be none of us 
now under-graduates who will climb the 
ladder of fame as have these men, or 
whose achievements will equal those of pre- 
vious Bowdoin graduates in every profession 
and walk of life, — however this may be the 
future years as they pass can alone make 
known, — but one thing is certain beyond all 
doubt or dispute, and that is the power 
which lies in every one of us to so live 
wherever the path of life may lead us that 
our Alma Mater may never have occasion to 
be ashamed of a single son, and to so respond 
to the call of duty wherever we hear it that 
our names may be worthy to shine with 
those others on Bowdoin's immortal honor 
roll, if not through our illustrious achieve- 
ments, then, at least, through what we tried 
to do, and by virtue of our uprightness of 
character and our nobility of manhood. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



245 



JRHE readers of the Orient will remember 
•*• that two years ago it was proposed to 
build a cinder track on the college delta, 
but nothing was done because the Faculty 
and alumni objected to cutting the pines. 

Last year it was suggested that an athletic 
field might be built on the Brunswick plains, 
where land could be bought for five dollars 
an acre. Some bushes were cut and a field 
was staked out. The students had a mass- 
meeting and chose a committee to take the 
matter in charge. 

The committee found the site on the 
plains unsatisfactory. It was too far from 
the college, difficult of access from the main 
road, and unattractive in its surroundings. 
After looking over every level piece of land 
within a mile of the college, the committee 
decided that the most desirable location 
for an athletic field was the triangular lot 
between New Meadows Road and Bowker 
Street. 

Some of this land was college property, 
but a part of it belonged to the heirs of the 
late Robert Bowker. A survey showed that 
there was not room for a quarter-mile track 
of the proper form on the part owned by the 
college, and the land adjoining could not at 
that time be purchased from the Bowker 
heirs. As the committee could agree upon 
no other site the matter was allowed to rest 
until the beginning of the present college 
year, when further effort was made to buy 
the Bowker property, but no price was fixed 
by the owners until a few days ago, when 
the sum of $800 was named. The com- 
mittee decided to buy this land and to pay 
$100 for a strip of additional land, which 
was needed for a 220-yard straightaway. 

It is proposed to build the quarter-mile 
track of clay and cinders, and use the space 
inclosed by it for base-ball and foot-ball. 
The parallel sides of the track will be 320 
feet in length, and the one on the south can 
be extended to make a straight course for 



220 yards. All races will have their finish 
opposite the grand stand. 

The estimates obtained show the probable 
cost of this field to be as follows: 

Laud (not including college land), . . . $900 

Clearing the college land, 400 

Quarter-mile track built of clay and ciuders, 700 
Preparing field for base-ball and foot-ball, . 200 

220-yard straightaway, 200 

Grand stand and dressing-rooms, . . . 1,500 
Plumbing for dressing-rooms, '500 

Total, $5,000 

This estimate is much less than the aver- 
age cost of college athletic fields, because 
the ground is so dry and level that there 
will be no expense for draining or grading. 
The committee think that the location of 
the field is all that can be desired. There 
will be a carriage entrance on Bowker Street, 
and another on New Meadows Road. From 
Sargent Gymnasium it can be reached by a 
five minutes walk along a shady path through 
the woods. The field is almost surrounded 
by Bowdoin's whispering pines. 

No one acquainted with the condition of 
our athletics can doubt that there is urgent 
need of such a field. Bowdoin is the only 
college without a running track that attempts 
to make any showing at the intercollegiate 
meet at Worcester. Of the colleges in the 
Maine league, Colby built a track last year. 
Cinder paths are being talked of at Bates 
and Orono; and unless Bowdoin is content 
to be last in the list, some immediate action 
must be taken. 

Foot-ball and base-ball are also feeling 
the need of a suitable field. The foot-ball 
field on the delta is ten yards too short, and 
the pine trunks and roots, at the east end of 
the field, add an unnecessary element of 
danger to the game. We need a new field 
for games and 'Varsity practice. The delta 
is needed for the practice of the second 
eleven and the class elevens. 

Base-ball is as badly off as foot-ball. 



246 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



The undergrowth of pine has shortened the 
field so that a long hit to right field or center 
is likely to be a home run. 

Again, our new elective system makes 
such an arrangement of recitation hours 
necessary, that, except on Wednesdays and 
Saturdays, when games are usualty going on, 
it is impossible to get nines together for 
practicing until four o'clock in the afternoon, 
and then, we have only one field for 'Varsity, 
second nines, and class nines. There is not 
even room enough for the 'Varsit} 7 and sub- 
stitutes to practice batting and fielding at 
the same time. The lack of a good second 
nine has always been a serious handicap to 
the success of base-ball at Bowdoin, and we 
have never had a good second nine because 
we have had no place for the men to practice. 

The under-graduates feel that Bowdoin is 
handicapped in her athletics. They have 
just raised five hundred dollars to free the 
athletic association from debt. They have 
subscribed three hundred dollars for the new 
field, and are anxious to have it built this 
year. But for raising the sum necessary we 
shall be obliged to rely mainly upon the 
alumni of the college, and judging from the 
experience of other colleges, we can hardly 
be disappointed. The cost of the Dartmouth 
field was 115,000. The money was raised 
entirely by the alumni. 

Most eastern colleges have athletic fields, 
ranging in cost from the Rutgers field, cost- 
ing 15,000, to the Amherst field, costing 
§27,000 ; and in most cases these fields have 
been gifts from graduates. It is proposed 
that the Bowdoin field shall be held by the 
college for athletic purposes. The treasurer 
of the college will receive subscriptions 
for building the field, and will audit the 
accounts. Our Boston alumni have already 
shown their interest by pledging nearly a 
thousand dollars, one-fifth of the required 
sum. If our alumni in other places respond 
as generously, we can have the athletic games 



of the Maine Intercollegiate Association on 
our own field next June. 



NOW for a little wholesome class rivalry for 
the possession of the cup to be offered 
at the competition events in connection with 
the annual athletic exhibition. This occasion 
is but little more than a month away, and the 
indoor athletes must get down to hard work 
to make the meet a success. The details are 
not fully settled, but it is probable that there 
will be the following events on the floor of 
the hall : 20-yard dash, 20-yard hurdle race, 
potato race, high jump, pole vault, and put- 
ting the shot. The points won in these and 
in the class drills, which will count double, 
will settle the ownership of the trophy cup. 
It is an honor well worth working for, and 
since each class has numerous good athletes 
the contest ought to be a very exciting one, 
and this addition can only prove a most 
pleasing innovation to the usual exhibition. 
This cup is separate from the prize drill cup, 
which still remains to be fought for by the 
class squads as usual. And, by the way, it 
is now announced that the cup which '96 has 
won by its drills for three successive years, 
is not the property of the class. Not only 
'96 but the whole college believed without 
any question that this cup was the property 
of the class which had won it three times, 
and consequently this announcement is pro- 
ductive of much astonishment, to say the 
least, and is not received with very good 
grace by the class most directly concerned. 
To hold the cup, '96 must win it a fourth 
time — a very novel arrangement in the matter 
of winning cups. And so the Seniors must 
get to work and produce a squad capable of 
winning the drill a fourth time over three 
competitors, or else pass over to the posses- 
sion of another class the cup which all had 
supposed was to remain in the library en- 
graved with the numerals and bearing the 
colors of '96. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



247 



"OROF. MacDONALD'S classes are in- 
■*• debtee! to him for his recent lectures 
settiDg forth so ably the origin, history, and 
present significance of the Monroe Doctrine. 
The large number from other classes who 
availed themselves of the privilege of hear- 
ing these lectures showed the commendable 
spirit to keep informed on questions of the 
day which ought to animate every college 
student. That part of our college course is 
most valuable which gives us the best prepa- 
ration for active service as citizens of our 
country, which gives us an intelligent under- 
standing of the problems of our time, that we 
may be leaders of men in all movements, 
social or political, that are for their good. 
The educated man of to-day cannot center 
his interests in the past and bury himself 
in books like the scholar-recluse of former 
times; he must be in the thickest of the 
battle of life, and woe betide him if his 
armor be weak or his blade be rusty. 



/^UR base-ball schedule, published in an- 
^ other column, is a reminder that spring 
with its accompanying campaign on the 
diamond is not so very far away. Whether 
the Maine league will be of three or four 
colleges depends upon the action of Bates. 
We hope all four colleges will be in the 
league, and that our position at the close of 
the season will not be so near the bottom as 
it was last year. In base-ball, in sharp con- 
trast to our experience in all other branches 
of athletics, our victories have been few and 
our defeats many. This has been due occa- 
sionally to hard luck, but more often to 
indifferent work by the team, indifferent 
support by the student body, and a general 
lack of true base-ball spirit. Poor material 
has also occasionally given us an excuse for 
defeats, since the measures adopted at many 
colleges to procure good players never have 
been, and wetrust never will be, employed 



here. This year a -new spirit prevails in the 
base-ball work, new methods will be employed 
in the coaching; there seems to be plenty of 
material to choose a team from, and so we 
venture to hope for a more prosperous season ; 
and it can safely be assumed that our man- 
ager and captain will avail themselves of every 
honorable means to increase the efficiency of 
the nine. Let every base-ball man work for 
all there is in him, and let the student body 
stand as a unit in enthusiastic support of the 
team, and there is no reason why Bowdoin 
cannot win this year the championship pen- 
nant in base-ball. 



The Psi Upsilon Reception. 
TITHE seventh annual reception of the 
■*• Kappa Chapter of Psi Upsilon took 
place on the evening of Friday the 14th, 
and was one of the most successful dances 
ever given in Brunswick. From four to 
six in the afternoon the Chapter gave a very 
pleasant tea to its out-of-town guests at 5 and 
7 Maine Hall. The chaperons were Mrs. 
James B. Drake and Mrs. James Lincoln of 
Bath. The dance was held at Memorial 
Hall, which was very prettily decorated for 
the occasion with garnet and gold hangings 
and fraternity banners. At either side of 
the stage were tSte-d-tite rooms, tastefully 
arranged with rugs, couches, and portieres. 
The patronesses received the guests on the 
left of the hall, and the orchestra occupied 
the stage. Dancing began promptly at nine 
and was continued until an early hour in the 
morning. The order was as follows: 

Waltz, Reign of Venus. 

Two-Step, Ellerslie. 

Waltz, Aphrodite. 

Sckottische, .... Darkies' Pastime. 

Lancers, Best of All. 

Waltz, Brunette or Blonde. 

Two-Step, Good Fellows. 

INTERMISSION. 

Waltz, Andalusia. 



248 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



Portland Fancy, . . . Classic Medley. 

Two-Step, West Point Cadet. 

Waltz, Only One Girl. 

Schottische, Pete. 

Two-Step, King Cotton. 

Waltz, Espana. 

six EXTRAS. 

The committee were Frederick Burroughs 
Smith, '96; Edgar Oilman Pratt, '97 ; Will- 
iam Witherle Lawrence, '98; and William 
Lawton Thompson, '99. The patronesses 
were: Mrs. William DeWitt Hyde, Mrs. 
Alfred Mitchell, Mrs. Leslie A. Lee, Mrs. 
Henry Johnson, Mrs. Frank E. Woodruff, 
Mrs. Franklin C. Robinson, Mrs. William 
A. Moody, Mrs. Charles C. Hutchins, Mrs. 
George T. Files, and Mrs. William MacDon- 
ald. The delegates from other Bowdoin 
fraternities were as follows : a a % D. W. 
Elliot, '97; a k e, Mortimer Warren, '96; 
z *, B. G. Willard, '96 ; e a x, W. W. Fogg, 
'96; and a T, A. P. Ward, '96. 

Gilbert's Orchestra of Portland furnished 
music for the dance, and Robinson of Port- 
land was the caterer for both the tea and the 
ball. 

Among those present from out of town 
were the following: Mrs. James B. Drake, 
Mrs. James O. Lincoln, and Mr. James E. 
Drake, of Bath ; Mrs. Charles Kalloch, Miss 
Wiggin, and Miss Eva Gay, of Rockland; 
Mrs. Folger, Miss Folger, Miss Allen, Miss 
Anna P. Knight, Miss Mollie Mattocks, Miss 
Nettie Leighton, Miss Mary Brewster Brown, 
Miss Helen C. Brown, Miss Elinor Cram, 
Miss Maud Perkins, Miss Florence McMul- 
lan, Miss Ethel Carney, Miss Nan Edmunds, 
Miss Grace Brown, Mrs. Joseph Thompson, 
Mrs. Bessy E. Dow, Miss Dorothy Thombs, 
Mrs. Kyle, Miss Grace Seiders, Mr. Win- 
throp Whitman, Mr. F. W. Glover, Mr. W. 
M. Ingraham, Mr. John C. Allen, Mr. Henry 
P. Merrill, Mr. Theodore Johnson, Mr. Ar- 
thur Wood, and Mr. Dana Pendleton, of 
Portland; Mrs. Wickwire of Nova Scotia; 



Mr. and Mrs. Henry S. Warren of Bangor; 
Miss Annie P. Whittier of Boston ; Miss 
Augusta Johnson of New York; Miss Juli- 
ette Haley of Boston ; Miss Florence Forbes 
of Newton Highlands, Mass. ; Miss Ensign of 
Hartford, Conn.; Mr. Henry E. Andrews 
of Kennebunk. 



Portland Alumni Meeting. 

TITHE annual dinner of the Bowdoin Alumni 
A of Portland was held at the Falmouth, 
Saturda} r evening, February 15th, proving a 
most enjoyable occasion to the forty or more 
sons of the college who were present. At 
the business meeting before the dinner, the 
following officers were elected: President, 
Joseph W. Symonds, '60; Vice-Presidents, 
Charles F. Libby, '64, Augustus F. Moulton, 
'73, George A. Thomas, '41, Clarence Hale, 
'69, Prentiss Loring, '56 ; Corresponding and 
Recording Secretary, Franklin C. Payson, 
'76; Treasurer, S. T. B. Jackson, '83; Ex- 
ecutive Committee, Virgil C. Wilson, '80, 
George F. McQuillan, '75, Levi Turner, Jr., 
'86; Dinner Committee, Eben W. Freeman, 
'85, Charles L. Hutchinson, '90, Clarence A. 
Baker, '78; Orator, John Marshall Brown, 
'60; Poet, Augustus F. Moulton, '73; Toast- 
master, Charles F. Libby, '64. 

David W. Snow, '73, delivered a most 
scholarly oration upon the thoughts suggested 
by a possible war, and was followed by Hon. 
Joseph W. Locke, '65, with a veiy bright and 
witty poem, decidedly original in thought 
and treatment as well as meter. Clarence 
W. Peabody, '93, was the toast-master of the 
evening, and presided very ably. The fol- 
lowing sentiments were proposed: 

Bowdoin College — Responded to by Prof. 
William MacDonald. 

Our Country — Responded to by Col. A. 
W. Bradbury, '60. 

The Next Administration — Responded to 
by Hon. Wm. W. Thomas, Jr., '60. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



249 



The Law — Responded to by .Hon. Wm. 
L. Putnam, '55. 

The State of Maine — Responded to by 
Hon. George M. Seiders, 72. 

The Medical Profession — Responded to 
by Dr. Geo. H. Cummings, '72. 

The American Student — Responded to 
by Prof. Geo. T. Files, '89. 

The Newspaper — Responded to by Fred- 
erick VV. Pickard, '94. 

Prof. MacDonald, as the representative of 
the college, was given a hearty greeting. 
He spoke upon the condition of the college, 
and the many changes that have marked its 
progress; its present needs, and the relations 
of the college and its alumni. Each speaker 
had some bright and interesting things to 
say, and every speech showed intense loyalty 
to the old college, and devotion to its inter- 
ests. The meeting closed with the old col- 
lege hymn, under the leadership of George 
A. Thomas, '41. 

Among the alumni present were: Augus- 
tus F. Moulton, '73; Virgil C. Wilson, '80; 
David W. Snow, '73; Franklin C. Payson, 
'76; Joseph W. Symonds, '60; S. T. B.Jack- 
son, '83; Levi Turner, '86; Arthur W. Mer- 
rill, '87; Horatio L. Card, '88 ; George M. 
Seiders, '72; George F. McQuillan, '75; 
Thomas Henry Gately, '82; Frederick H. 
Gerrish, '66 ; Leon Melcher Fobes, '92 ; Rob- 
ert S. Thomas, '88; Edward H. Wilson, '92; 
Oscar L. Rideout, '89; William L. Putnam, 
'55 ; Walter F. Haskell, '95 ; Albert W. Brad- 
bury, '60; Clarence W. Peabody, '93; Joseph 
A. Locke, '65; Clarence M. Baker, M.D.,'78; 
Eben Winthrop Freeman, '85; Charles L. 
Hutchinson, '90 ; William W. Thomas, Jr., 
'60; Frederick W. Pickard, '94; George H. 
Cummings, M.D., '72; Harry Bertram Russ, 
'95; Prentiss Loring, '56 ; Geo. A. Thomas, 
'41; Wm. M. Ingraham, '95; Prof. Geo. T. 
Files, '89; Walter S. A. Kimball, '95. 



Eight Dartmouth Sophomores were expelled last 
week for horni ng one of the unpopular professors. 



Boston Alumni Meeting. 

0N Thursday evening, February 6th, the 
Bowdoin Alumni of Boston met at the 
Copley Square Hotel for their twenty-eighth 
annual reunion and banquet. It was a very 
stormy evening, but a good number was 
present and the affair was decidedly a suc- 
cess. Prof. Little, Dr. Whittier, Dane, '96, 
and Kyes, '96, were present from the college. 

At the brief business meeting preceding 
the dinner, the following officers were chosen, 
according to the recommendation of the Nom- 
inating Committee, which was as follows: 
J. B. Sewall, '48, W. A. Robinson, '76, J. F. 
Libby, '85, E. H. Hall, '75, W. M. Ingraham, 
'95; President, F. A. Hill, '62; Vice-Presi- 
dent, E. U. Curtis, '82; Secretary, W. G. 
Reed, '82; Assistant Secretary, G. L. Chand- 
ler, '68; Committee, T. J. Emery, '68, D. O. 
S. Lowell, '74, W. E. Hatch, '75, C. F. 
Moulton, '87, E. N. Goding, '91, O. C. 
Stevens, '76. 

Fraternal greetings and wishes were sent 
to the Yale alumni, who were banqueting at 
the Exchange Club, and the following an- 
swer was returned: "Yale sends Bowdoin 
alumni heartiest congratulations, and recog- 
nizes grit whenever she sees it." 

President F. A. Hill, '62, presided over 
the banquet, and divine blessing was invoked 
by Rev. F. A. Wilson, '73. The after-dinner 
speakers included Prof. G. T. Little, '77, 
Judge W. L. Putnam, '55, Prof. Edward S. 
Morse, Hon., '71, Dr.F. N. Whittier, '85, 
F. S. Dane, '96, and G. R. Swasey, '75, pres- 
ident of the Bowdoin Club of Boston. 
"Athletics" was the general subject of the 
evening, and Dr. Whittier and Mr. Dane, as 
representatives of the athletic interests of 
the college, dwelt at length upon the present 
status of athletics here and the prospects for 
the future. The need of an athletic field 
was particularly emphasized and the plans 
already laid were presented. 

Letters of regret for absence were read 



250 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



from Chief Justice Fuller, '53, Hon. William 
P. Frye, '50, Hon. T. B. Reed, '60, and J. H. 
Goodenow, '52, president of the New York 
Bowdoin Alumni, and all these names were 
the signal for loud applause. Several songs 
were sung, including "Phi Chi" at the close 
by the younger element. 

Among those present were L. H. Kimball, 
'74, J. G. Stetson, '54, Myles Standish, '75, 
W. E. Hatch, '75, R. H. Hinkley, '94, A. G. 
Whitman, '70, A. Sanford, '76, J. F. Elliot, 
'73, E. E. Burbank, '80, G. B. Sears, '90, 
P. Kyes, '96, H. W. Poore, '92, G. R. Swasey, 
'75, W. W. Curtis, '82, Boyd Bartlett, '85, 
G. S. Berry, '86, W. W. Towle, '81, F. N. 
Whittier, '85, L. C. Hatch, '95, A. M. Ed- 
wards, '80, F. P. Morse, '90, J. B. Roberts, 
'95, W. G. Waitt, '76, G. A. Ingalls, '88, 
A. S. Whitmore, '75, T. J. Emery, '68, 
W. L. Putnam, '55, C. F. Moulton, '87, C. G. 
Wheeler, '76, S. B. Carter, '66, A. H. Sabin, 
'76, J. B. Pendleton, '90, J. E. Chapman, 
'77, A. H. Stetson, '95, J. G. W. Knowlton, 
'95, F. A. Wilson, '73, C. P. Roberts, '45, 
F. Drew, '91, W. T. Cobb, '77, R. W. Mann, 
'92, E. S. Morse, Hon., '71, Ambrose East- 
man, '54, E. H. Sykes, '94, H. M. Wilder, 
'93, W. H. Greeley, '90, W. A. Robinson, 
'76, G. M. Whitaker, '72, E. H. Hall, '75, 
S. A. Melcher, '77, J. F. Libby, '84, C. W. 
Longren, '84, Edward Parker, '57, H. H. 
Chase, '82, O. R. Cook, '85, G. L. Chandler, 
'68, W. G. Reed, '82, G. C. Cressey, '75, 
W. M. Spear, '94, F. A. Hill, '62, W. M. 
Ingraham, '95, C. W. Peabody, '93, George 
T. Little, '77, Edward Stanwood, '61, O. C. 
Stevens, '76, J. B. Sewall, '48, A. S. Packard, 
'61, A. M. Jones, '93, C. N. Bell, '63, George 
D. Robinson, '49, E. H. Newbegin, '91, E. O. 
Achorn, '81, E. E. Rideout, '86. 



The University of Pennsylvania spent $100,000 
last year in the interest of field and track athletics, 
rowing, foot-ball, and other sports. The foot-ball 
receipts alone amounted to over $36,000. 



Washington Alumni Meeting. 

TITHE Washington Association of Bowdoin 
*■ Alumni held their annual reunion and 
banquet at Hotel Page, Wednesday evening, 
February 5th. It was not a large gathering 
but it was certainly a distinguished one, as a 
gathering of Bowdoin's sons in Washing- 
ton is never otherwise. Professor Johnson 
attended as the representative of the college. 
Chief Justice Fuller, '53, president of the 
association, called upon ex-Assistant Attorney- 
General, John B. Cotton, '65, to act as toast- 
master. The speakers of the occasion were 
Professor Johnson; J. H. Goodenow, '52; 
United States Senator W. P. Frye, '50; S. I. 
Kimball, '55; H. L. Prince, '62; J. W. Chick- 
ering, '52; Frank Sewall, '58; Woodbury 
Pulsifer, '75 ; S. D. Fessenden, ex- T 78; and 
Congressman S. S. Hilborn of California, a 
Maine-born man but a Tufts graduate. 

At a brief business meeting before the 
banquet the following officers were elected 
for the ensuing year: Chief Justice Fuller, 
'53, President; Senator Frye, '50, Vice-Presi- 
dent; S. D. Fessenden, '78, Treasurer; Prof. 
J. W. Chickering, '52, Corresponding Secre- 
tary; and James C. Strout, '57, Recording 
Secretary. 

Frequent and affectionate mention was 
made of the late Llewellyn Deane, '49, an 
active member of the association who has 
died since the last meeting. A eulogy was 
also read upon the late Horace Piper, '38. 
One of the pleasant features of the even- 
ing was the exchange of greetings with the 
Princeton alumni who were dining in another 
room of the same hotel. Capt. H. L. Prince, 
'62, represented Bowdoin, and made a charm- 
ing little speech to the Princeton men, and 
Mr. Henry E. Davis was selected to speak 
for the latter to the sons of Bowdoin, which 
he did in a very pleasing manner. The 
hearty feeling entertained for the old college 
was evinced by the most cordial welcome 
given its representative, Prof. Johnson. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



251 



The Washington Star had the following 
abstract of Professor Johnson's speech: 

Professor Johnson said lie bad been connected 
with the college for nearly a quarter of a century, 
and had been engaged all that time in preparing 
his speech for just such an occasion as the present 
oue. The college appreciated the invitation to 
have a representative present. The college, he 
said, was just entering upon its second century 
of work. Its past was a memory — a memory 
of great achievements. He pictured the col- 
lege surrounded with its famous whispering pines, 
and said its isolation was in some respects a 
benefit rather than a disadvantage. The num- 
ber of students at present *in the college is 
practically 250, divided into classes of sixty. Niue- 
tenths of all the students were Maine boys, and he 
was glad to bear witness to the fact that they were 
the representatives of the race of Maine men. It 
was the old unmixed stock. 

The boys were not wealthy, and fifty per cent, of 
all those who entered the college applied for aid to 
assist them in getting an education. And the col- 
lege never without regret refuses to lend a ready 
hand to help those in need. The college, he said, 
exists largely to educate the young men of 
Maine, and it was a great deal to the credit of the 
college to have in charge the education of such a race. 
He did not think the college had the number of 
students it was entitled to, although the work had 
quite doubled in ten years. And the expenses of 
administering the college had likewise increased. It 
was equipped through large donations with a 
superior science department and a fine art build- 
ing. The library, however, needed aid, and a new 
lecture hall was sorely needed. Every department 
of the college, he said, had increased in efficiency, 
and he paid a glowing tribute to the valuable ser- 
vices of the board of trustees, who labored so 
faithfully and so well with no other consideration 
than that which comes from a consciousness of well- 
doing. The loss of Professor Young, who had given 
the best years of his life for Bowdoiu, was a great 
one. To him and his policy, more than to any oue 
else, the college was responsible for its steady 
advancement. He spoke of the financial condition 
of the college, and referred to the litigations over 
large bequests the college was interested in, and 
held out promise of success, although it would be 
from three to five years before the college received 
funds from these sources even if the suits termi- 
nated satisfactorily. In the medical department of j 



the college over 120 students were registered, a 
larger attendance than ever before. Concluding, 
he said in substance that after all is said about the 
body and its athletic exercise, the head and its 
training, Bowdoin is an ageless witness to a heart- 
its foundation meant sacrifice, its mission is to give, 
and all of us love her and her daily work of unselfish 
beneficence. 

J. H. Goodenow, '52, President of the 
New York Alumni Association, in his remarks 
quoted the late James G. Blaine, who once 
in a speech challenged the college records of 
the world to produce six greater names than 
those of W. P. Fessenden, Franklin Pierce, 
Nathaniel Hawthorne, Hemy W. Longfellow, 
Sargent S. Prentiss, and John P. Hale, who 
were all graduates of Bowdoin, and gradu- 
ated within four years of each other. 

Senator Frye was witty aud eloquent as usual. 
He was glad to be present. This getting together 
and being boys once more, he said, was delicious. 
And what relief it was to run away from long- 
drawn-out essays on the Monroe doctrine ; to forget 
for a little while the terrible atrocities in Turkey, 
and the condition of the patriots in Cuba seeking 
liberty from the most cruel and despotic people on 
the face of the earth. How glorious it was to be 
with the boys again, and stop listening to the dread- 
ful condition of the country, to forget all about the 
remonetization of silver at 16 to 1, aud to get away 
from neither flesh, nor fish, nor fowl, and not even 
good red herring. To leave behind the Republicans, 
the Democrats, the Populists, and Tillman. It was 
delightful to be a college boy again. But what 
changes time bad wrought. There at the head of 
the table sat the highest officer of the grandest 
court of the world. Who would recognize iu that 
diguified jurist the boy with light curls, whom 
nobody respected, but every one loved ? They 
called him just Mel. in those days. And what a 
transformation had been worked at the other end 
of the table, where a distinguished general sat, who, 
if we only went back to the dear old college days, 
would be recognized as that good-natured, red- 
headed boy, Ellis Spear. And at the other end of the 
table sat an ex-Assistant Attorney-General of the 
United States, whom Ben Butler complimented one 
day by saying, on a great water rights case in 
which Cotton was arguing, that he was the first law 
officer in the department that he had ever met that 



252 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



knew more about water than lie did about whisky. 
It was Johnny Cotton then. And over here that 
man who had done such a noble work in organizing 
the best life-saving service in the world. Every one 
recognized Little Kim. (S. I. Kimball). The Sena- 
tor referred touchingly to those old comrades of the 
association who had gone to a higher school, and 
mentioned the names of William Rice, '46, Fred 
Sewell, '46, old Commander Bridge, '25, and Llew- 
ellyn Deane, '49. The teachers of Bowdoiu College 
had a hard task before them to beat the records of 
the past one hundred years. There was no college 
in the world that could produce a catalogue that 
contained the names of such distinguished men. 

Among those present were : Chief Justice 
M. W. Fuller, '53; United States Senator 
W. P. Frye, '50; Gen. Ellis Spear, '58; John 
H. Goodenow, '52; Frank Sewall, '58; Pro- 
fessor J. W. Chickering, '52; H. L. Prince, 
'62; S. D. Fessenden, ex-'78 ; Woodbury 
Pulsifer, '75; Crosby S. Noyes, Hon., '87; 
Charles Chesley, '52; James C. Strout, '57; 
John B. Cotton, '65; S. I. Kimball, '55; 
F. E.Dennett, '90; S. S. Gardner, '55; B.W. 
Pond, '57; C. H. Verrell, '87; S. G. Davis, 
ex-'65 ; W. H. Owen, '51 ; and Professor 
Johnson, '74. 



A Mutual Understanding. 

TT is often hard for one person to under- 
*■ stand another. Especially it is sometimes 
difficult to arrive at a mutual understanding 
between the head of a college and the stu- 
dents. 

The President of Bowcloin, we judge, has 
mistaken the rash sentiment of some of the 
students on the Venezuelan question for the 
judgment of the majority of the more sober- 
minded students. A stranger who had been 
in the chapel on Sunday afternoon, February 
9th, had he judged the state of feeling on 
this question by the utterances of the speaker 
of that date, would have thought the college 
had joined en masse in a cry for war with 
England, and that the speaker, thoroughly 
angry, was pouring out vials of disgust and 
wrath on the students' heads. 



We respectfully assure our chief officer 
that the sentiment of this college is not for 
war, but for arbitration. We also would 
suggest that students have been reading up 
on this question and deciding for themselves 
what are the chief issues. Many of the 
students are mature men, experienced in 
business, well versed in history and current 
political economy. They know what has 
been the attitude of England in the past 
(political England) towards weaker nations 
or those less versed in diplomacy than she is. 
They see that, had this country not protested 
for justice in the Venezuelan question, the 
Salisbury administration would have refused 
to submit the case to arbitration. England's 
policy always has been and is to play a wait- 
ing game. The ignoring of arbitration in 
this case would have been the entering wedge 
for the purchase of Cuba, probably, and other 
complications. 

What has brought about the present 
prospect of an international court of arbitra- 
tion ? The firm stand of America, demand- 
ing arbitration. 

It is sometimes necessary to drop theory 
and come down to common sense. It was a 
condition that confronted America, not a 
theory. The time was ripe to put some 
"objective idealism" into practice, and at- 
tempt to settle this question of arbitration 
or war. The message of President Cleveland 
was put in too strong language, but it, at 
least partly, accomplished its purpose. Some 
one had to lead off, and America did so. 

The country knew there would be no 
war. England did not want a war. It was 
the brutal, out-of-date policy of Salisbury 
that caused all the trouble. The English 
and American peoples are friends. It was 
a political blunder by Salisbury, acknowl- 
edged as such by the better class of English 
statesmen, who desire arbitration. 

We deplore the Davis resolution. It is 
a piece of pure jingoism, thoroughly silly. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



253 



But jingoism and simple common-sense pa- 
triotism are very different; and if anything 
will stir up a war spirit and turn out jingoes 
by wholesale, it is such fiery talk as has been 
heard lately on a few occasions. 

When all men are brothers, when all are 
in perfect love, when there are no bullies, 
when there is no national jealousy, — then 
we can apply metaphysical theory, cease 
supporting our navy, and fear no war. But 
at present, to the shame of this country, if an 
American is in trouble in a foreign, semi- 
barbarous country, he receives only ridicule 
if he threatens to appeal to America. But 
let him appeal to the British Consul, and his 
enemies dare not touch him. England has 
a navy; we have not. And England gladly 
helps American citizens in foreign lands. 
It is only English politicians we need fear. 

No, this is not a college of jingoes. We 
never thought there would be a war. But 
we are glad that the issue has been brought 
to a head, backed by the common sense of 
the English and American peoples. It never 
would have been brought to a head had 
millennial theorists dreamed. 

We believe in the patriotism of President 
Hyde. He is a true man. But we differ 
from him in his policy, and beg that he will 
not call patriotism jingoism, nor judge the 
college by a few rash ones. 

Arbitrationist. 



Sowdoir-) ^5ep§e. 

The Dreamer. 

To the dreamer under the pines 
The stars a message send. 
It is formed in mystic signs 
To the dreamer under the pines, 
And but he can read the lines 
Where the starry letters blend. 
To the dreamer under the pines 
The stars a message send. 



Washington— Lincoln. 

Two suns that shall be ever bright, 
Through all the endless course of years, 
To guide the onward march of Right, 
And wither Wrong when it appears. 



The Sad Fate of Little Willy. 

Little Willy was a Freshman, 
Green as grass, and greeuer too ; 
Not a thing in all creation 
Ever had so green a hue. 

One day, while out exercising, 
Through a field he chanced to pass, 
And a brindled cow devoured him, 
Thinking he was only grass. 

Little Willy is in heaven; 
Vacant are two places now. 
In his class there is no Willy, 
In the field there is no cow. 



Studying Philosophy. 

The problems deep of time and space 
I fain would study page by page; 
But all the time a sweet fair face 
Obscures the wisdom of the sage. 

And while I seek the truth that lies 
In fragments of an unknown whole, 
Between the lines I see her eyes 
Throw glances out that fire my soul. 

The things that can and cannot be ; 
How glad is life since first I knew 
The secret of the mystery 
Within her tender eyes of blue. 

Innate ideas— the source of life ; 
The outer world; necessity; — 
what care I for all this strife ? 
Her smile is life and light for me. 

Spinoza, Hegel, Locke, Descartes, 
Hume, Berkeley, Kant, and all the rest, 
Can find no place within my heart, 
For love's philosophy is best. 

For love is greater than them all, 
And sows deep in the heart of youth 
The deathless seed that in the fall 
Will yield as harvest perfect truth. 



254 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 




Bowdoin has been favored 
in many ways the present term, 
aud one of the pleasantest of these 
occasions was the stereopticon lecture 
of a week ago Monday, by Rev. E. C. 
Smith, '84, of Framingham, Mass. Mr. 
Smith gave a very interesting description of his ad- 
ventures in climbiug Mt. Eanier, Washington, and 
presented views of the mountain, taken at the time. 
The attendance was good, and showed that Bow- 
doin students appreciated the liberality of the 
lecturer. 

Carey, '87, was here last week. 

Quimby, '95, passed Sunday in town. 

Dana, '94, was on the campus last week. 

Merritt, '94, was down from Auburn a recent 
Sunday. 

A sleighing party from Bath were at the Adam- 
owski concert. 

Hamlen, '98, who was at home sick for a week 
or more, has returned to college. 

Sleighing is with us once again, and is the more 
enjoyed because of its lateness. 

The Glee Club's final rehearsal was semi-public, 
and was enjoyed by quite a crowd. 

Professor Lee delivered another postponed lect- 
ure in Waterville, last Wednesday. 

The college is promised a chance to hear the 
Glee aud Banjo clubs early next term. 

Christie, '95, has entered the Medical School, 
after a term of teaching at Monticello. 

Bowdoin alumni were prominent at the Lincoln 
Club banquet in Portland, February 12th. 

Professor Chapman spoke in chapel last Sunday 
afternoon, in the absence of President Hyde. 

The German periodicals placed in the Library 
by the Verein should be looked at by every one. 

One more organization, a Saturday Night Rarebit 
Club,— formed by a half dozen inhabitants of North 
Winthrop. 

President Hyde went to New Haven last Friday, 



to attend a convention of the New England college 
presidents. 

Fessenden, '96, was elected squad leader by the 
Seniors, and has commenced his duties with becom- 
ing energy. 

Cleveland's minstrels held forth in Town Hall 
last Wednesday evening, and were well patronized 
by the students. 

The clinics in the medical building have a sort 
of fascination for the "lits," as is shown by their 
efforts to attend. 

Moore, '95, spent Sunday, the 9th, with friends 
ou the campus. He was returning to his teaching 
duties in Wilton. 

Kyes and Dane, '96, Gardiner aud Pettengill, '98, 
were present at the Bowdoin alumni dinner in 
Boston two weeks ago. 

The Senior chemists have finished the course in 
qualitative analysis, and commence this week upon 
quantitative work. 

The members of the Deutsche -Verein have 
adopted colors and a pin, and will soon appear 
with their new insignia. 

The three upper classes were given a respite 
from Gym. work for the two days while Professor 
Whittier was in Boston. 

A bit of rough skating on the flooded campus 
afforded some little amusement for those so fortu- 
nate as to possess skates. 

The theological students have formed a club 
among themselves, for pleasure aud profit, and are 
meeting every other week. 

The money (over $500) pledged to cancel debts 
of the various athletic associations in a recent mass- 
meeting, has been all collected. 

The optional French class has resumed its meet- 
ings, suddenly stopped by the illness of Professor 
Johnson, and will continue through the term. 

The "Frogs of Windham," which met with such 
a flattering reception last winter, is being rehearsed 
in earnest, and will be repeated at an early date. 

Bryant, '95, assistant in chemistry, is in Portland 
for a short time, and in his absence, Burbank, '96, 
is attending the needs of the chemistry divisions. 

Owen, '93, passed through here on his way to 
Chicago lately. He has been very sick at his home 
in Buxton, and was returning to his medical studies. 

There is a very interesting family of Guinea pigs 
in the basement of the Science Building, that are 
destined very soon to suffer in the cause of science. 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



255 



A company boasting three "Trilbys" was pre- 
sented at Town Hall last Friday evening. There 
were rumors of an attempt to prevent its appear- 
ance. 

Varrell, '97, who has been seriously sick with 
pneumonia at his home iu Wells, is well on the road 
to recovery, and hopes to be on the campus again 
in a couple of weeks. 

There is only about one month and a half 
remaining before the annual athletic exhibition, and 
the change in character calls for immediate and 
earnest practice iu the gym. 

The Teachers' Agency circulars are coming in 
by every mail, to tempt the Senior to part with his 
dollars, that in most cases are rather few in number 
about this time in one's course. 

A new lung-testing machine has been goiug the 
round of the ends, and has shown rather weak 
respiratory apparatus in the case of those who did 
not quite know the right way to make the machine 
work. 

The Snow-Shoe Club have had but little encour- 
agement from the Weather Bureau for its revival, 
but the club met last week and made plans for 
extended runs as soon as conditions are more 
favorable. 

At the recent convention of the Modern Lan- 
guage Association held in New Haven, Professor 
Johnson was elected a member of its Executive 
Council, consisting of nine members, three each 
from the East, South, and West of the United States. 

At a late meeting of the Foot-Ball Association, 
the following officers were elected : Brett, '97, Man- 
ager; Coggan, '97, President ; Cook, '97, Vice-Pres- 
ident ; Baxter, '98, Treasurer; E. E. Spear, '98, 2d 
Director ; Dimmock, '97, 3d Director ; and Veazie, 
'99, 4th Director. 

The new light for photographic purposes, so 
lately discovered and experimented with in almost 
every physical laboratory, has been very success- 
fully used by Professor Hutchius, who has secured 
several negatives, exposed through a considerable 
thickness of hard rubber. 

Another holiday to lighten the work of the 
winter term. Lincoln's birthday was observed by 
a cessation of recitations, and by a very interesting 
and sympathetic address on the "Martyr Presi- 
dent " and the lesson of his life to us, by President 
Hyde, in the morning chapel. 

The Juniors are making excellent progress on 
their German plays. The parts have all been cast 



and active rehearsals are well under way. One 
scene from Geothe's Faust— the fifth— known as the 
" Cellar Scene," and one comedy from the modern 
German, are the plays to be presented. 

The second meeting of the Deutsche Verein was 
held with Bates, '96, Wednesday evening, February 
the 5th. After a brief but interesting programme 
the club adjourned to Professor Lee's, where they 
had the great pleasure of meeting Mrs. Whitman 
who has been giving the German Song Recitals, and 
of making a brave but rather rash attempt at 
German conversation. 

Another series of musical entertainments. Com- 
mencing with Easter week, John J. Turner, Miss 
Eleanor Bartlett, and Miss Kate Vannah of Gardi- 
ner, will give a series of six song recitals in Bruns- 
wick. Mr. Turner and Miss Bartlett are well-known 
singers, and Miss Vannah is accomplished as a 
piano soloist. These will prove a fitting addition 
to the German recitals so lately enjoyed. 

Professor Carpenter, hypnotist and fun-maker, 
held forth in Town Hall, week before last, for 
three evenings, to the delight of the college boys. 
Although the number of his subjects were limited, 
yet he furnished a good deal of real fun, and a very 
few examples of true hypnotic power. The interest 
centered on the last evening, when one of our 
Senior psychologists served as "sensitive" for the 
Professor's powers. 

At a meeting of the Sophomore Class last Thurs- 
day, the following officers were elected : President, 
Ernest Laycock, New Bedford, Mass.; First Vice- 
President, J. M. Loring, Yarinouthville; Second 
Vice-President, Robert W. Alexander, Harpswell ; 
Secretary and Treasurer, Edwin E. Spear, Washing- 
ton, D. C; Captaiu of Track Athletics, C. F. Ken- 
dall, Biddeford; Squad Leader, Charles S. Petten- 
gill, Augusta; Executive Committee, T. L. Pierce, 
Portland, P. P. Baxter, Portland, Edward Stanwood, 
Brookline, Mass. 

The ladies of the Saturday Club are again to be 
congratulated, for the concert given under their 
auspices, by the Adamowski Quartette, was the 
finest entertainment that has been presented to a 
Brunswick audience for many years. The pro- 
gramme was brief but of the highest order, and the 
encores given but added to the worth of the whole. 
Of special brilliancy was the Andante from Tschsi- 
kowski by the quartette, and the Valse Caprice by 
T. Adamowski. Miss Edwards sang very prettily 
and responded good naturedly to repeated calls for 
encores. The quartette holds a high position in 



256 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



the musical world, and fully sustained it in their 
playing here. 

The third and final German Song Kecital was 
postponed from Thursday, February 6th, to Friday 
evening, through stress of weather. Modern com- 
posers were presented, Abt, Liszt, and Rubinstein 
being the best known, and all in all it was the most 
pleasing recital of the three, although to choose 
■was a matter of difficulty. Mrs. Whitman has a 
splendid voice, and the selections were popular 
rather than classic; moreover many of the songs 
were given in English. Everything combined to 
make this last recital a very enjoyable affair. The 
students showed their continued interest by their 
attendance. 

The Glee and Banjo Clubs made their first trip 
last week, appearing at Houlton, Oldtown, and 
Bangor, on Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday 
evenings. The trip was highly successful, as large 
crowds greeted the boys in each place, and were 
well pleased with the work of the clubs. The 
Bangor papers had some very flattering notices of 
the concerts. The boys report a most enjoyable 
time, meeting many Bowdoin alumni, and being 
royally entertained in all three places. In Bangor 
a reception was given the clubs in the Y. M. C. A. 
parlors after the concert, which proved a very 
pleasant social event. Refreshments were served, 
and the Bangor young ladies, famous for hospitality, 
were at their best. The make-up of the clubs was 
as given in the last Oeient. This week the clubs 
go to Warren. 

Managers A. P. Ward of the Bowdoin base-ball 
team, Hamilton of Colby, Martin of Maine State 
College, and Captain Douglass of the Bates team, 
met in Bangor last Thursday to make the annual 
arrangements for games. Bates was not a member 
of the league last year, but desires to enter this 
year, and will probably do so if the schedule of 
games arranged meets the approval of the students, 
to whom Captain Douglass will report, after which 
a vote will be taken. A constitution was adopted, 
and among its provisions were the following: Each 
college will pay five dollars into the treasury for a 
trophy to go to the team winning the championship. 
No student shall play more than four years on a 
team, and all bona fide students of the college or 
graduate school may play. In case a team does 
not appear to play another it shall be a forfeit unless 
a valid reason can be given for the failure to keep 
the schedule agreement, and the team shall forfeit 
the game and forty dollars. Any team wishing to 



forfeit or transfer the third game on neutral grounds 
must have the consent of the three teams interested. 
All postponed games must be played on or before 
June 6th. In cases of tie games, a decisive game 
must be played on or before June 13th. The fol- 
lowing officers were elected : President, Ward of 
Bowdoin; Treasurer, Hamilton of Colby; Secretary, 
Martin of M. S. C. The following schedule of 
games was adopted, but in case Bates does not 
enter the league, a slightly different arrangement 
will be made: 

Bowdoin vs. Colby, May 2d, at Brunswick. 
Colby vs. M. S. C, May 9th, at Waterville. 
Bates vs. M. S. C, May 12th, at Lewiston. 
Bowdoin vs. Colby, May 13th, at "Waterville. 
M. S. C. vs. Bowdoin, May 16th, at Orono. 
Bates vs. Colby, May 16th, at Lewiston. 
Bowdoin vs. Bates, May 23d, at Brunswick. 
Bates vs. Colby, May 27th, at "Waterville. 
Bates vs. M. S. C, May 28th, at Orono. 
Bates vs. Bowdoin, June 3d, at Lewiston. 
M. S. C. vs. Colby, June 3d, at Orono. 
M. S. C. vs. Bowdoin, June 6th, at Brunswick. 

Bowdoin will play the following games outside 
the league : Portland at Portland, Fast Day; Lew- 
iston at Brunswick, April 24th ; Tufts at Medford, 
April 27th ; Andover at Andover, April 28th ; Bos- 
ton College at Brunswick, May 9th; Dartmouth at 
Dartmouth, May 5th and 6th; Exeter at Exeter, 
May 30th, and return game at Brunswick, the date 
not yet being arranged; Worcester Polytechnic 
Institute at Brunswick, June 9th. 



In the case of two persons having had equal 
opportunities for getting material from which to 
formulate an opinion, we admit it to be at least 
unwise for either of them to look upon the other as 
being a superficial thinker if the two opinions do 
not coincide. Although it is axiomatic that minds 
differ and that all opinions ought to be given some 
weight, yet most men would do well to study the 
point of that old French proverb : " We seldom find 
persons of good sense, except those of our opinions." 
In fact, so strong is this tendency in human nature 
that men come to respect one another's opinions 
through courtesy, instead of counting it a duty both 
to themselves and to the world at large, to be 
willing and anxious to compare notes with their 
fellows on questions of importance. In other words, 



BOWDOIN ORIENT. 



257 



it is our duty to reason with one another, ail having 
a deep interest in the common brotherhood of man. 
Christ in his teachings taught that an interest 
in one another's welfare was incumbent on all; to 
get out of self and into active work for humanity's 
improvement was then, and is now, a victory of no 
small mom