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Bowdoin College Library 

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Published Fortnightly by the Students of 



PERCIVAL P. BAXTER, '98 Editor-in-Chief. 

ROY L. MARSTON, '99 Assistant EDiTOB-iN-CniEr. 

FRANK L. BUTTON, '99, Business Manager. 

JOSEPH W. WHITNEY, 1900, Assistant Business Manager. 

DREW B. HALL, '99, . . . Personals. PERCY A. B^ABsf WOof''^' } Ct'^eS'" Tabula. 

THOMAS L. MARBLE, '98, . College World. BYRON S. PHILOON, '99, . . Athletics. 

JOHN W. CONDON, '98, Bowdoin Verse. 





Index to Volume XXVII. 


Editorial Notes P.P. Baxter, Editor-in-Chief. 

1, 16, 29, 43, 67, 109, 123, 137, 151, 167, 181, 195, 209, 223, 241, 267, 275. 

CoLi.EGn Tabula F. R. Marsh and J. P. Webber, Editors. 

8, 22, 34, 57, 107, 115, 129, 143, 158, 173, 189. 
. J. P. Webber and P. A. Babb, Editors, 201, 215, 229, 248, 267, 281. 

Assisted by Editor-in-Chief. 

Athletics B. S. Philoou, Editor. 

'" 10, 25, 36, 69, 118, 131, 145, 161, 176, 206, 252.. 

Assisted by P. A. Babb, 284. 

Assisted by Editor-in-Chief. 

Y. M. C. A :....'.:..'..;.... R. L. Marston, Editor. 

12, 27, 40, 120, 134, 148, 164, 178, 192, 205, 219, 233, 270, 271, 285. 

Assisted by Editor-in-Chief. 

Book Notices P. P. Baxter, Editor-in-Chief. 

13, 40, 184, 222, 234. 

Personals H. H. Webster and H. F. Dana, Editors. 

13, 27, 41, 64, 121, 134, 149, 164, 178, 193. 

D. B. Hal), Editor, 206, 219, 237, 253, 271, 286. 

Assisted by Editor-in-Chief. 

College World T. L. Marble, Editor. 

28, 42, 65, 165, 194, 288. 

. . PROSE. 

Autobiography of an Old Umbrella. J. W. Condon . 19 

Alpha Delta Phi Convention G. M. Brett 32 

Afternoon Exercises. . . . , Editor-in-Chief 81 

Associated Effort and Medical Progress G. M. Woodman 102 

Alpha Delta Phi Convention O.D.Smith 244 

At Last W. L. Sanborn 246 

Bowdoin Courtesy, a Study H. F. Dana 17 

Baccalaureate Sermon President W. DeW. Hyde 69 

Boston Alumni, Annual Meeting of. Editor-in-Chief 226 

Class History, A... H. L. Chapman, '66 31 

Class Day Exercises Editor-in-Chief 75 

Cheering the Halls Editor-in-Chief 94 

Commencement Dinner Editor-in-Chief 98 

Commencement Ball Editor-in-Chief 106 

Commencement Concert Editor-in-Chief 106 

Class Reunions Editor-in-Chief 106 

Cutting a Bee-Tree F. R. Marsh 113 

Communication H. S. Chapman, '91 154 

Communication H. A. Wing, '80 170 

Copperhead Fate A. L. GritKths 279 

Class of '61 F. L. Hill 184 

College Letter, 1756, A K. C. M. Sills 186 

Deserted Farmhouse, The G. 0. Howard 125 

Delta Upsilon Convention W . E. Preble 163 

Delta Kappa Epsilon Convention p. P. Baxter 184 

I N D E X<-^(jCoMiwme(;.) 

Debating Society A. H. Nason 204, 219, 233 

Escape, The ...G. L. Lewis 261 

Experiments of Alphonso Gibbs witli Cathode Rays. .J. P. Webber Ill 

Fraternity Reunions Editor-in-Chief 106 

Friend's Treacliery P. A. Babb 170 

Friends Forever P. A. Babb 199 

Fragment of Memory, A H. C. RlcCarty 262 

Graduation Exercises Editor-in-Chief 94 

Haunted House F. L. Hill 211 

History (Class Day) G. E. Carmicliael 82 

Honorary Appointments Editor-in-Chief 95 

Hawthorne, a Sketch K. C. M. Sills 198 

Ivy Exercises Editor-in-Chief 44 

Ivy Hop Editor-in-Chief 57 

Industrial Socialism (Goodwin Commencement Oration). 

W.F.White 96 

luter-Collegiate Base-Ball Game, An A. H. Nason 140 

In Memoriam 14 

In Memoriam 65 

In Memoriam , 136 

In Memoriam 180 

In Memoriam 205 

In Memoriam 221 

In Memoriam , 274 

Junior Prize Declamation Editor-in-Chief 75 

Literature and the College (Ivy Day Oration) W. W. Lawrence 45 

Medical School Graduation Editor-in-Chief lOL 

Man the Prisoner of His Age (Class Day Oration) . .F. K. Ellsworth 76 

Meeting of Boards of Trustees and Overseers Editor-in-Chief 105 

Maine Historical Society Editor-in-Chief 107 

Miss Eaton, Contralto H. H. Webster 126 

Mountain Praj'er-Meeting, A A. L. Griffiths 264 

Opening Address (Class Day) G. M. Brett 81 

On Casco Bay D. B. Hall 141 

Present Need, A ('Sixty-Eight Prize Oration) J. G. Haines 4 

Psi Upsilon Convention Editor-in-Chief 32 

President's Address (Ivy Day) A. B. White 48 

Prophecy (Class Day) S. O. Andres 85 

Parting Address (Class Day) A. P. Cook 93 

Prizes and Awards ". Editor-in-Chief 104 

President's Reception Editor-in-Chief , 105 

Phi Beta Kappa Editor-in-Chief 106 

Portland Alumni, Annual Meeting of Editor-in-Chief 227 

"Quits" K. C. M. Sills 262 

Response of Athlete W. P. McKown 49 

Response of Dig G. H. Sturgis 51 

Response of Sport C. C. Williamson 52 

Response of Backslider F. A. Hamlin 53 

Response of Criminal P. P. Baxter 55 

Response of Popular Man W. W. Spear .56 

Smoking Pipe of Peace Editor-in-Chief 9i 

'Tis Sixty Years Since George Woods, '37 3 

Turkey Supper G. L. Lewis 212 

Theta Delta Chi Convention L. P. Libby 245 

Undaunted Hero, An P. A. Babb 155 

Washington Alumni Association, Meeting of Editor-in-Chief 246 


Ad Fontem Molliter Fluentem F. C. Lee 172 

Apostrophe to Androscoggin Waters J. W. Condon 152 

Blue Eyes and Violets J. P. Webber 188 

Bowdoin Down in Maine J. W. Condon 188 

Broken Ring, The J. P. Webber 280 

Carmen IV J. A. Pierce 280 

Chorus from Euripides L. P. Libby 115 

Class Ode C.H.Holmes 94 

Compulsory Church P. P. Baxter 21 

"EUeme volt" (Class Day Poem) J. W. Hewitt 79 

I N D E X .— ( CowtwiMetl) 

Father Time's Soliloquy J.W.Condon 172 

Fin de Sieole Freedom J- W. Condon 280 

Freshman's Song of 'Bendar" L. P. Libby 213 

Girl and the Flower, The E. B. Holmes 200 

Hazel Eyes L. P. Libby 189 

Health to Bowdoin, A L. P. Libby 21 

Hearts E. B. Holmes 128 

Horace, Ode I A. L. Griffiths 281 

"Hullo!" J.W.Condon 266 

In Vain J. P. Webber '. 114 

Ivy Ode T. L. Pierce 56 

Jack, A J. W. Condon 200 

Junior's Dream, The (Ivy Day Poem) T. L. Marble 47 

Life and Death F. C. Lee 143 

Low Tide F.C.Lee 200 

Lunch Cart, The J. W. Condon 127 

Memories J. P. Webber ..21 

Men of the "Maine," The F. C. Lee 266 

Minstrel, The Anon 7 

Moonset J. P. Webber 142 

Mr. Noman G. L.Lewis 248 

Object Lesson, An T. L. Marble 280 

Ode to an Old Pipe J.W.Condon 143 

Old Fable Illustrated, An J. W. Condon 266 

Olympians versus Giants J. W. Condon 213 

Our Thirtieth (Reunion poem) H. S. Webster, '67 106 

Parody, A L. P. Libby 33 

Penelope J. C. Minot 188 

Philosopher Speaks, The J. P. Webber 114 

Pine's Origin, The Anon 22 

Rainy Day, The L. P. Libby 7 

Reviews ! J. P. Webber ' 142 

Shipwrecked Mariner, The E. B. Holmes 158 

Song, The J. P. Webber 84 

Song of the Dying Soldier F. C. Lee 128 

Sunset at New Meadows River J. P. Webber 128 

Tokens, The F. C. Lee 227 

To the Violet L. P. Libby 34 

Trooper's Morning Song H. N. Gardner 266 

Uncle John's Comment on Modern Poetry E. B. Holmes 188 

Village Wharf, The P. A. Babb 247 


Vol. XXVII. 


No. 1. 





Pebcival p. Baxter, '98, Editor-in-Chief. 

Roy L. Marston, '99, Assistant Editor-in-Cliief. 

William H. Crafts, 1900, Business Manager. 

Thomas L. Marble, '98. Harold P. Dana, '99. 

LuciEN P. LiBEY, '99. Fred R. Marsh, '99. 

Byron S. Philoon, '99. Hanson H. Webster, '99. 

James P. Webber, 1900. 

Per annum, in advance. 
Single Copies, 

. $2.00. 
15 Cents. 

Extra copies cau be obtained at the boolistores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Manager. 

Iteniittances sliould be made to the Business Manager. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Editor-in-Chief. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, aud items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Coiitrilnitions for Bowdoin Verse Department should be sent 
to Box SI60, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should he sent to Box 1149, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post-Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 
Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston. 


Vol. XXVII., No. ].— April 28, 1897. 

Editorial Notes 1 

" 'Tis Sixty Years Since " 3 

A Present Need ('Sixty-Eight Prize Oration) ... 4 
Bowdoin Verse: 

The Minstrel 7 

The Rainy Day 7 

CoLLEGii Tabula 8 

Athletics 10 

Y. M. C. A 12 

Boole Notices 13 

Personal 13 

In Memoriani 14 

When a college paper changes its 
editorial staff, there generally ensues a long 
farewell to the old and a still longer intro- 
duction to the new. We will not prolong 
the agony any farther than necessary. To 
the old Board we simply say, "Thou hast 
been a good and faithful servant ; " it shall 
be our earnest endeavor to keep up the old 
traditions and customs of the papei", as you 
have so ably done, and we trust that Volume 
XXVII. of the Orient will not fall short of 
the twenty-six that have preceded it. 

Right here when mentioning " old tradi- 
tions" we wish to speak of the matter of 
making the Orient a weekly. This question 
was talked of more or less, and arguments 
pro and con were advanced. The Board 
decided after much thought to make no 
alterations. The reasons for this were three- 
fold, namely — it is best to let well enough 
alone ; the college is not so situated as to 
furnish news of sufficient interest and impor- 
tance to fill the columns of the paper every 
week; and the financial basis of the Orient 
did not seem to warrant any change that 
would mean added expense. So for the 
present this matter is settled. It remains 
for some future board to again agitate it. 
Sooner or later it will come ; as yet, however, 
the time does not seem to be ripe. 


The Orient Board of '97-98 begins its 
labors, and labors indeed they are, under 
circumstances somewhat different from those 
which have surrounded most incoming boards. 
We do not feel that we need deliver either 
a salutatory or an address of welcome, inas- 
much as the Oeient was under our care 
during the last fall term ; then it was that 
some of us made our debut. As a Board, 
however, we now begin our regime, and trust 
that all will feel themselves free to criticise 
and make suggestions, but not to grumble. 
Criticism and grumbling have no connec- 
tion ; the one is conducive to improvement 
and advance, the other to deadness or even 
to retrogression. We invite criticism, but 
shall ignore grumbling. 

yrrO say that our athletic prospects were 
-*■ never brighter, would be to use a time- 
worn and time-honored expression that has 
appeared in the Orient from year to year, 
with more or less truthfulness according to 
the particular athletic season in question. 
This season it is true, in base-ball, track atli- 
letics, and tennis. As yet tennis has but 
begun, and little more can be said of track 
athletics, but base-ball has been well launched. 
Two 'varsity and one second nine games have 
been played, so that pow the team is practi- 
cally chosen. In all three games the men 
showed their ability, and the competition 
among the large number of candidates has 
wrought wonders in bracing up the team, 
both individually and collectively. Captain 
Haines and every member of the team is 
determined to equal if not excel last year's 
record, and it can be done if the proper 
spirit is but infused into the players. The 
teams have started out well, and must and 
will maintain the pace already set. 

Let us now glance at the financial side of 
the season. Track athletics and tennis, by 
careful and prudent managements in the past, 
are free from debt and should remain so. 

Base-ball, however, is heavily in debt. Of 
what use is it to conceal this disagreeable 
fact ? Added to this, the first game had to 
be postponed on account of rain, and the 
present period of financial distress makes 
itself felt very forcibly in the subscription 
lists, now so numerous. Financially, base- 
ball has " a hard row to hoe," and expenses 
must be reduced considerably; still the man- 
agement hopes to bring the team out free 
from debt if it is possible. This can be done 
in two ways, and in two ways only ; by sub- 
scribing to the team and by attending each 
and every game played here. It is in the 
power of the students whether or not the 
season shall be made successful. Stormy 
days, hard times, and a large debt can and 
will be overcome if the students so desire. 

TITHE recent attack upon certain of the 
^ members and methods of our late Board, 
published in the last issue of the Orient, 
seems to be too undignified to call for mucli 
comment or even to demand an explanation 
in their behalf. It is not impossible that 
more harm may have been done by this 
attack than by any so-called questionable 
methods which may or may not have been 
employed by the late Board. However that 
may be, the Orient is and should be above 
tlie childish practice of " ink-slingii5g," and 
retaliation in kind is by no means the best 
method of rebuke. We simply leave the case 
upon its merits, and will gladly trust the 
good sense of those who may care to look 
into the matter to decide for itself. Possibly 
no mention of the affair would have been as 
well ; at any rate, a word is sufficient. 

IT will give Bowdoiu men some little satis- 
faction to know that our customs are 
thought well enough of to be adopted verba- 
tim et litteratim by some of our sister institu- 
tions. The most recent case in point is that 
of McGill University of Montreal, an institu- 


tioii much larger than ourselves and one of 
the leading colleges of Canada, which has 
chosen our Class Day programme as the one 
they are to use exclusively in the future. 
After a careful study of the Class Day pro- 
grammes of the leading colleges of this entire 
country, they have adopted ours as the one 
best suited to them. This indeed is no small 
compliment to our customs and traditions. 

ipiIE '68 Prize Speaking took place as 
-*■ usual the last part of the winter term. 
The Orient takes pleasure in publishing the 
full text of the oration, "A Present Need," 
in another part of this paper. 

"C70R the benefit of our readers, and we 
■*■ hope for the benefit of the new Athletic 
Field, we present a few hard, cold facts, which 
should prove of interest to any and all 
Bowdoin men. This is simply to inform 
Bowdoin men what has been accomplished 
there this spring ; it is to keep you posted, 
as you should be. 

The new Athletic Field is being put in 
order for base-ball and the spring meets, and 
much necessary work has already been done. 
Fills have been made where the ground had 
settled during the winter, also the diamond 
has been marked out, leveled, and rolled. 

Preparations are being made to move the 
fence on the north side of the field nearer 
to New Meadows Road, thus giving more 
room for base-ball. The track has been 
scraped and rolled ; also jumping paths have 
been built and circles for the shot and ham- 
mer have been put in. The bills for the 
work done will increase the debt on the field 
to $400, 1200 of which is covered by unpaid 
subscriptions. So it is necessary that all 
sums promised be paid and |200 more be 
given in order to clear the field of debt. 
The Athletic Field Committee asks grad- 
uates and friends of the college, who are 

willing to contribute, to send subscriptions 
to Ira P. Booker, Esq., Treasurer of Bow- 
doin College. 

"'Tis Sixty Years Since." 

To the Editors of the Orient : 

TN the Orient for March 31st I see with 
'•' regret some reference to hazing in my 
loved Alma Mater. It is true the editor 
writes that it was but a small matter, but 
this is the first I have heard of hazing there 
for more than half a century. Young men 
go to college to acquire culture and knowl- 
edge, not to practice rowdyism. In some of 
our colleges this rowdy spirit is exhibiting 
itself in a most disgraceful manner. Edward 
Everett, when President of Harvard Univer- 
sity, said that college students should be 
punished for violations of law as well as 
other persons. If this were done, hazing 
would soon cease. 

In 1833 the Freshmen of Bowdoin suf- 
fered every sort of abuse and wrong from 
the Sophomore Class. To have one's windows 
broken in and doors burst open, when one is 
quietly studying or sleeping; to be driven 
out of bed and compelled to give perform- 
ances in a night-dress, to which one is not 
accustomed, is not conducive to happiness 
or the acquiring of knowledge. The leader 
then in hazing was the most athletic fellow 
in college. Some of that Freshman Class, 
after fully discussing the matter, decided to 
put a stop to the hazing or leave college. 
They were ready to resort to desperate 

One cold night in December, about 11 
o'clock, thirteen students ascended to the 
third story of Maine Hall, burst open the 
door which had been especially fortified, and 
seized this leader in his bed before he could 
take his loaded gun, which it was known he 
had by his bedside. They then took him in his 
night-dress to the old wooden pump some 


three hundred feet distant, and held him 
under the pump until he was fully drenched. 
While this process was going on, Rev. Dr. 
Cyrus Hamlin, then a Senior, from the 
fourth floor of the same buildhig cried out 
from his window, " Give it to him, give it to 
him;" and it was given to him. There was 
war in college after this for some weeks. 
The Freshmen had a guard for many nights 
in one of their rooms. But they were too 
strong for the Sophomores, and in a few 
weeks the excitement subsided. 

After all was over the Freshmen held a 
meeting and unanimously voted to treat any 
member of their class in the same way should 
he attempt to haze any one of the next 
Freshman Class. There was no more hazing 
while I was in college. This is the last I 
had heard of hazing in Bowdoin until the 
slight notice in the Okibi^t. May it not be 
heard again. 

George Woods, Class of '37. 

A Present Need. 

Won by John George Haines. 

MORE than a hundred years ago, when 
the fathers of the American Revolution 
rose in arms against the mother country, they 
felt that they were redressing not merely 
their own grievances but the wrongs of 
humanity at large. With loyal heart and 
ready hand those valiant men shouldered 
their trusty muskets and marched fearlessly 
to the front. You remember with what 
daring courage and noble self-sacrifice they 
fought ; you recall with what patience they 
endured the winter's cold at Valley Forge 
and at Morristown ; and so long as the fire 
of patriotism burns within you, you will 
never weary in recounting those glorious 
achievements of the ragged Continentals 
which are forever recorded at Bunker Hill, 
at Saratoga, and at Yorktown, along the ice- 

bound banks of the Delaware and amid the 
burning sands of the Carolinas. 

The war ended, the fathers of the young 
nation forthwith set themselves to finish the 
grand woi'k, which they had so conscien- 
tiously begun. They had battled for the 
rights of human nature ; now they labored 
to secure for mankind the substance of those 
i-ights b}' the enactment of just laws and the 
establishment of free institutions. To each 
man, whether rich or poor — intelligent or 
ignorant — of native birth or of foreign extrac- 
tion, was granted an equal share in the affairs 
of state. . In the eyes of the law all men were 
equal, and America truly became "a govern- 
ment of the people, for the people, and by 
the people." 

But the struggle for human rights did 
not end with the Revolutionary War nor 
with the adoption of the Federal Constitu- 
tion. The foundations of popular govern- 
ment were laid firmly but not adequately. 
Erelong a hideous monster raised its "Gor- 
gon head " within our borders, and with open 
defiance threatened the safety and progress of 
our cherished liberties. Alas! what supreme 
mockery that slavery with all its degrading 
influences should exist in a boasted land of 
freedom ! In their mad race for wealth and, 
power Americans had lost sight of those 
principles for which their fathers had died. 
We in turn had infringed upon the just rights 
of humanity and had brought down upon our 
own heads well-merited chastisement. 

More than thirty years have rolled by 
since the question of caste was settled forever 
in our territories. During this time America 
has been stretching out her hands in all 
directions, subduing the rough conditions of 
the land, adding strength to strength, and 
distributing blessings to mankind without 
measure. Our population has been doubled 
since the war; we have received thousands 
upon thousands of the poor and neglected 
from foreign shores and have given them 


employilient and protection. Mining, manu- 
facturing, agriculture, and commerce have 
grown apace, until we have become a mighty 
nation of untold resources and unknown 
strength. Meanwhile our wonderful indus- 
trial progress has been purchased at the sac- 
rifice of much that is noble in character and 
indispensable in national life. To-day we 
are confronted with another phase of the 
problem of human rights. Though we may 
not be aware of the fact, it is nevertheless 
true that there is another form of tyranny in 
our midst, more complex and wide-spread 
than slavery, less conspicuous perhaps, but 
none the less real. It still remains for Amer- 
ica to settle the question of wealth. The 
very ladder by which she has climbed to her 
present greatness among the nations of the 
world may jet prove the cause of her speedy 
downfall. We have seen the oriental nations 
decked in all the blazonry of luxur}^ and 
riches fall an easy prey to the valiant arms 
of Alexander ; we have seen Macedonia in 
turn, now given up to the degrading pleas- 
ures of wealth, succumb to the conquering 
cohorts of Rome. And what shall I say of 
Rome? Did not her very conquests prove 
her ultimate ruin ? Let America, then, heed 
the warning voice of the Past before it is too 
late. Already this self-same spirit has marred 
the beauty of American life. At this moment 
the pursuit of wealth is the ruling motive in 
all things American. Thousands of our 
youth, disdaining the tardy process of educa- 
tion, at an early age repair to the busy city, 
bent on taking the shortest cut possible to 
riches. Money has become the standard of 
social prestige — the mark of rank, of worth 
and favor. The means has become an end 
in itself; instead of being used to free man 
from the bondage of ignorance and poverty, 
wealth has become an instrument of oppres- 
sion. Mark how the business of legislation 
is menaced by the unscrupulous plutocrat. 
Laws are passed nowadays not for the highest 

good of the community, as our fathers had 
intended they should be, but for the exclu- 
sive benefit of those who possess the most 
money to purchase their enactment. Offices 
are bought and sold with the same keen 
competition as stocks on Wall Street; and 
in some of our large cities men will expend 
several times as much for election to office 
as the salary paid by that office, and why ? 
Simply because elevation to a position of 
trust, forsooth, means elevation to admirable 
opportunities for private glutton3^ 

But you say this sordid spirit is confined 
to the less intelligent of our population. On 
the contrary, this same immorality dominates 
thfe lives of a large proportion of the wealthy 
and well-educated as well; ay! they who 
would be leaders of mankind countenance 
this monstrous wickedness ; and secure, as it 
were, within the fortress of their own means 
and attainments, either hold themselves aloof 
from the responsibilities of citizenship, or 
refuse to exert their influence to reclaim 
politics from the mischiefs of corruption. 
No wonder reform is slow, when the general 
tone of the populace is so debased ! No 
wonder New York City and a thousand other 
cities in our land have been controlled and 
are controlled to-day by the " boss " and his 
faithful band of the ignorant and foreign- 
born. For shame ! Americans, we who have 
been called to the grandest heritage of nations, 
shall we be guilty of such an inexcusable 
infidelity, such base ingratitude ! Reared in 
a land resplendent with the glories of free- 
dom, shall we lack the independence to speak 
and the courage to execute ? 

Again mark the influence of wealth in 
our churches. We walk into our beautiful 
city edifices, and what do we see ? A large 
congregation; but of what nature? The poor 
and outcast? Is the factory girl there? Do 
you observe plain people there in plain 
clothes ? Do you feel the house of prayer 
permeated with a spirit of lowliness and gen- 


uine brotherly love ? Wealth has entered 
the place of worship and driven out the 
humble workman, because he feels, and not 
without justice either, that he is no longer 
welcome there. And what is the attitude 
of the church toward labor reforms? Most 
painfully silent ! With now and then a nota- 
ble exception, the pulpit not only does not 
openly espouse the cause of labor, but is 
even loath to denounce either the covetous 
spirit of modern, money-making, or the utterly 
selfish way in which money is hoarded and 

But the pernicious influence of this inoi-- 
dinate thirst for riches is most severely felt 
in the economic relations of man to man — 
of capital to labor — of class to class. As 
civilization progresses, the standard of living 
is raised and the gap between classes be- 
comes wider and wider. The poorer element 
of our population, no longer content with 
their present condition, and believing them- 
selves robbed of their rightful share of 
the product of industry, are resolved upon 
a change in the distribution of wealth. Even 
at this moment, while assurances of peace are 
being wafted to our shores from across the 
waters, a mightj^ wail of despair and suffer- 
ing, swelling ever louder and louder above 
the din of business, rises from our streets, 
our slums and factories, and proclaims in no 
uncertain tones that there is no peace. From 
the ruined farmer of the far West to the 
penniless artisan of the East the same voice 
is heard, demanding just legislation and the 
exercise of Christian charity. It is a cry 
for manly sympatliy — not socialism ; for the 
privilege of earning one's daily bread ; for 
suitable wages; for clean, comfortable homes, 
instead of crowded, disease-breeding tene- 
ments; for schools and churches. Shall this 
outcry of the oppressed not be heeded? It 
must be heeded. America has always stood 
for the cause of oppressed human nature, 
and she will stand forth again to-day to 

defend the just rights of man. There never 
was a time in our history, and there never 
shall be a time in our history, when one class 
or one section of our people may presume 
with impunity to exist, either by itself, or 
purely for itself. For behold, we have com- 
mon interests: one government, one flag, 
one suffrage, one motto — liberty and justice. 
So to-day the interests of the laborer are 
largely the interests of the em[)loj'er — the 
interests of the poor are closely associated 
with those of the rich. We must, there- 
fore, look with favor upon the affairs of our 
fellow-men if we would be truly at peace. 
A great work is before us. If we cherish 
tlie self-sacrificing spirit of our ancestors this 
civil tyranny will be banished from our 
midst, and we shall enter upon a period of 
peace and prosperity such as the world has 
never seen. If, on the other hand, we shut 
our eyes to these dangers and regard with 
stolid indifference the urgent needs of our 
fellow-men, then this fair land and these 
beloved institutions will experience an over- 
throw more bitter and humiliating than that 
occasioned by the reign of terror in France, 
or the recent war of secession in America. 

Let us then as loyal sons of libert}^ eager, 
as were our fathers of old, for the conflict, 
step manfully forth into the arena of life, 
and resolve ourselves that we shall never lay 
down our arms until the bands of oppression 
are broken in sunder, and the classes of our 
people are forever and inseparably bound 
together by the ties of Christian Brother- 

There will be an athletic meet between the 
Freshman Classes of Bowdoiu and Colby at Water- 
ville on either May 22d or 27th. Final preparations 
are now being made. 

Gardner, '98, has returned after a prolonged 
trip to Washington and the South. 

The Calve Concert at Portland ou the 26th 
attracted a goodly number of students, who were 
amply repaid for their journey. 


Bowdoii^ ^0P§e. 

The omnipotent of Heaven, 

Who hath power all to save. 

Took both, nor left one soul to cheer 
His pathway to the grave. 

The Minstrel. 

The minstrel's dim eyes moistened 

The sun was high in heaven 

As he ceased the plaintive lay. 

One burning summer's day, 

And from' his cheek, deep furrowed. 

When a minstrel worn and weary, 

He dashed a tear away. 

With scattered locks and gray, 

He said, " My soul is weary 

'Neath a spreading oak sought shelter 

Of toil and bitter woe. 

From the parching midday's heat, 

And I long for the welcome season 

And bathed his brow in the springlet cool 

When my time shall come to go." 

That bubbled at his feet. 

And as these words he murmured, 

Long sat he there and rested. 

"Of toil and bitter woe," 

He'd far to travel yet, 

Faltered his hand and dropped his head 

Nor could he rise, from weakness, 

Upon his bosom low. 

Until the sun had set. 

The good dame rose and found his heart 

At length he took his aged harp, 

Was silent in his breast. 

His sole remaining friend. 

His Father hearkened to his words 

And slowly tottered onward 

And gave his wished- for rest. 

Toward his fixr-oflf journey's end. 

When the crescent moon beneath the west 

The Rainy Day. 

Had veiled her silver light. 

The day is dark, and falls the rain 

And the deepening shades of darkness 

In silver drops on hill and plain. / 

Had bedimmed the minstrel's sight, 

Vanquished, the rightful king of day 

He sought an ancient castle 

No longer sheds his warming ray, 

Where dwelt a dame— 'twas said— 

And far withdrawn from mortal sight 

Who erst the poor befriended, 

Gives up the world to worse than night. 

Oft gave them alms and bread. 

But list, borne on the swelling breeze 

From yonder group of swaying trees. 

There, given sumptuous repast, 

A vocal note I seem to hear 

The bard, ere he retires, 

Of mild reproach and lofty cheer. 

In gratitude attunes his harp 

And sweeps the trembling wires. 
Though voice and hand were feeble 

"Descend, ye rains. 
In silver chains. 

He strove to do his best, 

Descend in sparkling rills. 

Said, " I will sing one humble lay 
Before I go to rest." 

Ye April showers, 
Bring forth the flowers 

And clothe the naked hills. 

Now chord on chord in cadence deep 

" Dear to my sight 

Bursts from the magic strings, 

Is the golden light 

And now his whole life's story 

Whicli Sol sheds on the land. 

The hoary minstrel sings. 

But drear to me 

How he loved and won a maiden 

Would summer be 

In the blissful long ago, 

Unblest by Flora's hand. 

How she bore to him one daughter. 

Fair as the driven snow. 

" Whether God above 

In His boundless love 

Ere the babe had known three summers 

Send rain or sunshine fair, 

To eternity she passed. 

With spirit light 

Ere her eyes were dry from weeping 

As sea foam white 

Her mother breathed her last. 

I fly my daily care. 


" No vague unrest 

Disturbs my breast, 
My life is ever briglit. 

No plaintive note 

E'er 'scapes my throat, 
Whatever is, is right." 

The songster has ceased from his tuneful lay. 
And as the last strain dies away, 
The woodland nymph catches the note 
Serenely in her mimic throat. 
And breathing on the gentle gale. 
Re-echoes it along the vale, 
'Whatever is, is right." 

Thrice blest, 
robin in the elm tree crest. 
Thy noble song ! Be it my care 
Henceforth content my lot to bear. 
Nor more o'er present evils brood— 
God-visited for future good. 

Last week the Orient 
Board held their first meeting 
in their new quarters at No. 11 Memo- 
rial Hall. During the vacation the 
room has been fitted out with a center- 
table, desks, chairs, and some shelves 
at one end for preserving exchanges. With a few 
more minor additions the Orient will be perma- 
nently settled in its new home for future work. 
Bicycles are once more in evidence. 
The medics enjoyed a short vacation last week. 
Bean, 1900, is at home on account of sickness in 
his family. 

The "Immortals" are busied in making up their 

Oliver D. Smith, '98, paid a visit to his old school, 
St. Paul's, recently. 

The base-ball men returned the latter part of 
vacation week for practice. 

The Sophomore division of Botany is studying 
"Bessy's Essentials of Botany." Gray's text-book 
has been used iu former classes. 

Clarke, '99, returned to college, from Augusta, 
the latter part of last term. 

Robinson Brothers' We Young People has not 
been appearing regularly of late. 

Professor Chapman attended the Bridgton alumni 
reunion, held recently at Riverton. 

Greenlaw, '99, has been detained at home on 
account of the death of his mother. 

H. E. Marston, '99, has returned to college from 
North Anson, where he has been teaching. 

The '99 semi-public debate, which was to have 
been held on April 19th, has been given up. 

One of the pianos in North Maine was moved 
out last week. More quiet, but less melody. 

The subjects for the first Sophomore themes of 
this term, which were due April 27th, were : 

1. A Bicycle Ride. 

2. The Work of College Settlements in Our Large Cities. 

3. An Ideal Newspaper. 

i. Fast-Day : Should it be Abolished ? 

5. "A Tale of Two Cities," by Dickens. 

6. Arlo Bates' " Talks on Writing English." 
Adjourns or early recitations were in order on 

the afternoon of the Murphy Balsams game. 

The subscription book for track athletics was 
going the rounds last week. Don't dodge it. 

Crafts, 1900, business manager of the Orient, 
who has been out teaching, returned last week. 

Edwards, '98, and Willey, 1900, are out teach- 
ing this term. The former has a school at Boothbay. 

June 17th has been announced as the limit at 
which the Seniors must have all back work made up. 

The members of the Delta Upsilon fraternity 
have been making over their tennis court during the 
last week. 

Managers Baxter, Pierce, and Dana were making 
calls last week in the interests of their various 

H. A. Hitchcock, Cornell, 1900, and Edwin S. 
Alexander of Glasgow University, were recent 
visitors on the campus. 

A representative of Shuman's Clothing House 
of Boston, with samples of spring goods, was at the 
Tontine just before vacation. 

Quite a crowd watched a game of base-ball on 
the Delta, last Thursday, between the'Preeport and 
Brunswick High School teams. 

Professor Currier is talking of holding an exhi- 
bition at the Art Building this term, showing the 
work done by his pupils in drawing. 


Bacon, 1900, kept up his base-ball work during 
vacation. The followiug is from the Boston Herald 
of recent date : 

" Tho Naticks brought with them Bacon of Bow- 
doin College as pitcher, and he did good work." 

The following party enjoyed one of "Jake's'' 
shore suppers last week : Elliot, Hagar, Brett, W. F. 
White, E. C. Davis, all of '97. 

Cobb and Potter, 1900, who have been rooming 
on Cleaveland Street, are on the campus now. 
They have Room 27, North Appleton. 

A new case has recently been put up in the 
Boyd Gallery of the Art Building. The case is to 
be filled with some old German porcelain. 

The Twentieth Century Twelve, an organization 
of Lewistou young ladies, entertained a party of 
Bowdoin students on the evening of the 26th. 

The much-desired and long-looked-for railroad 
station is still a futurity. The promise that work 
would begin in the spring is yet to be fulfilled. 

With the advent of spring new duties have 
devolved upon the Freshmen, and for a week past 
they have been engaged in putting the tennis courts 
in order. 

Mr. Booker fails to confirm the rumor that one 
or both of the old ends will be remodeled the coming 
summer. He tells us that nothing definite can be 
said until June. 

The sending up of the arc-light from Mt. Wash- 
ington recently caused many speculations among 
the students as to the identity of various stars in 
the northern sky. 

The Chess Tournament, between Colby and 
Bowdoin, was held in the Y. M. C. A. rooms, April 
15th, 16th, and J 7th. The Colby team won, with 
lOi games, against 7i for Bowdoin. 

Laycock, '98, enjoyed his chapel service on the 
first day of the term "all by his lonesome." The 
new method of reckoning time evidently hadn't 
been impressed upon him forcibly enough. 

The University of Maine has just issued several 
valuable pamphlets from its agricultural experiment 
station. These cannot fail to be of great use to 
those ij^terested in them thr^qughout the state. 

Base-ball practice commenced early in earnest, 
and as the new field was not dry enough, the Delta 
was in active service last week once more. H. W. 
Coburn, '96, was back last week helping the men. 

The Deutscher Verein has adopted a pin in the 
form of a shield, the colors of which are red, white, 

and black, the national colors of Germany. On 
the shield is a girkel, the emblem of the Verein in 

The number of books taken from the library 
during March was 1,134. This is an unusually large 
number for March as compared with other years. 
The greatest number taken out on any one day was 
108, on the 3d. 

The disappearance of the storm-doors at the 
Library and Gymnasium and of the wooden steps 
at the Art Building herald the advent of spring. 
Already the grass is turning green and the robins 
have begun to arrive. 

The '68 Prize Speaking of the Class of '97 was 
held at Memorial Hall, April 1st. The speaking 
was of a high order, and there was a large attend- 
ance, both of towns-people and students. The 
prpgramme was as follows: 


Industrial Socialism. William Frye White. 

The Birth of Scholarship. Harry Maxwell Varrell. 


The Old and the New. Archie Sherman Harriman. 


A Modern Crime. ' Robert Sidney Hagar. 

A Present Need. 

John George Haines. 

'- Alfred Page Cook. 

Minority Eepresentation. 
* Excused. 

The introduction of music between each part was 
very agreeable and added much to the enjoyment 
of the evening. The prize was awarded to John 
George Haines of Paterson, N. J. 

Now is the time when subscription papers for 
base-ball, tennis, and track athletics are being 
passed around. Patriotism to the college interests 
can be shown in no better way than by a ready 
response for the college teams. 

Mrs. Levi C. Wade of Bath has made some 
kindly loans to the Art Building, which have been 
placed upon exhibition this winter. Previous to this, 
one of the most admired pictures in the Boyd 
Gallery was one loaned by her. 

W. F. Garcelon, the trainer of our athletic 
team, has been getting the men to work during the 
past week. Every man should show his interest in 
the work and thus do his part in making Bowdoin's 
team stronger than ever before. 

Some 250 books were recently received at the 
library from Rev. Dr. Henry F. Cheever of the 



Class of 1834. Manj' of the works are on anti- 
slavery and temperance subjects, and will form a 
valuable addition to the library. 

One of the recent additions to a South Winthrop 
room was a cat brought from Portland. A man 
in North Maine has been expecting to have a parrot 
from South America this spring term. But alas for 
Poll ! She died upon reaching port. 

The Sophomore reading in French outside of 
the class this term is as follows : Bernardin de Saint- 
Pierre — Paul etVirginie; Chateaubriand — Extracts, 
edited by Sanderson ; Victor Hugo — Les Miserables, 
edited by Sumichrast. 

The fourteenth annual meeting and banquet of 
the New England Association of Theta Delta Chi 
Fraternity took place recently at the Parker House. 
There was a full attendance df members ; among 
the number were E. E, Spear, '98, and C. C. Wil- 
liamson, '98, of Bowdoin. 

A branch chapter of the Alpha Kappa Kappa 
was organized at the beginning of the term among 
the " medics." This is the first secret fraternity in 
the medical department at Bowdoin. The officers 
are: W. S. A. Kimball, A.B., President; J. J. 
Gailey, Vice-President; W. E. Merrill, Secretary; 
J. F. Starrett, Treasurer. 

During vacation some improvements have been 
made on the athletic field. Places for the running 
high jump, the running broad jump, and the pole 
vault have been made, and a ring for putting the 
shot has been arranged. There is some talk of 
moving the right field fence back some forty feet 
and thus making the right field larger. 

The Brunswick Minstrels, last Friday evening, 
drew many of the students to the Town Hall. The 
company was composed of Brunswick and Bath talent 
and the Bowdoin Orchestra furnished music. Among 
the late attractions in the amusement line have 
been the Easter Monday ball, and Barlow Bros.' 
seance which took place Saturday evening. 

A fine addition has been made to the library in 
the form of some one hundred and twenty-five 
books, which have just been received from Ger- 
many. The books are mostly fiction and represent 
a class in which the German department of the 
library has hitherto been wanting. Among the 
authors represented is Baumbach, whose "Schwie- 
gersohn" the Sophomores are reading. 

The provisional Commencement appointment 
list of the Class of '97 has been announced as fol- 
lows: S. P. Ackley, East Machias; C. L. Blake, 

New Gloucester; G. M. Brett, Auburn; G. E. Car- 
michael, Medway, Mass.; A. P. Cook, Portland; 
F. H. Dole, Gorham; D. W. Elliot, Brunswick; 
F. K. Ellsworth, Brockton, Mass.; R. S. Hagar, 
Richmond; J. G. Haines, Paterson, N. J.; A. S. 
Harriman, Brunswick; J. W. Hewitt, South Ber- 
wick; C. H. Holmes, Brewer; R. L. Hull, Deering 
Center; F. G. Kneeland, Lovell Center; Hugh 
McCallura, Pawtucket, R. I.; S. L. Merriman, 
Harpswell; J. H. Morse, Bath; E. F. Pratt, Wilton ; 
J. H. Quint, Dover, N. H. ; F. J. Small, Oldtown ; 
F. A. Stearns, Norway; H. M. Varrell, Wells; E. C. 
Vining, Freeport; W. F. White, Lewiston. This 
makes a total of 25 out of a class membership of 
59. These will all write Commencement parts, 
from which six will be chosen for delivery. 

As the annual spring contests draw nearer, 
training and preparation go on apace. With the 
new field, the meet to be held here, and plenty of 
new material, all looks bright. But at the same 
time more men are sorely needed to help each other 
along. To quote the coach : " Success in atliletics 
depends upon numbers, and if we are to win we 
must have more men out training, for it is impossi^ 
ble with the number now at work. With the meet 
here at home, and at no expense, we should pick 
up the seconds and thirds, and to do this we simply 
must have more men." 

It is too early in the season to pick the best men, 
but after the trials, which are to come off the first 
of May, they will be definitely chosen. At present 
we seem to be weak in the dashes, but in the hur- 
dles, even without Home, '97, we are as strong as 
last year. In the shot and hammer the old men are 
better than ever, but here, too, new men are needed. 
In the half-mile and long distances we are better 
than last year, and also have plenty of new material. 
The following men are in training for the different 
events : From '97 — French and White for the 
weights; French, Cook, and Stearns for the jumps; 
Stearns for the bicycle race; Hanlou, Cook, and 
Carmichael for the sprints, and Brett for the middle 
distances. From '98— Kendall is as yet undecided; 
Wiggin, Hutchings, Pettengill are also running; 
and Miuott is doing the pole vault. From '99 — God- 
frey for the shot and hammer; Hadlock for the 
hurdles ; Sinkinson and Nelson for the long dis- 
tances; Woodbury, Clark, Lavertu, Cleaves, and 



H. E. Marston for tbe half mile ; R. G. Sraitli, Piper, 
and WigDott for tbe jumps ; Neagle for the bicycle 
race. From 1900— Babb and Willard for the half 
mile; Gould, Merrill, and Gardner for tbe jumps; 
S. M. Hamlin for the shot and hammer; Sylvester, 
Kowell, Willard, and Potter for the hurdles. Giles, 
Goodspeed, and Leveusaler are also running. 

Tbe date of the State Meet has been set on 
Wednesday, June 9th. The date of the Worcester 
Meet is Saturday, May 22d. The mile walk has 
been barred out of this meet, but in other respects 
it is to be the same as last year. 

Tbe courts are now in first-class condition, and 
the men are hard at work. Considerable tennis 
training was done early in the season in the gym., 
and the men show the beneficial eflects of it. 

A new cup is to be competed for this spring by 
tbe men in the singles, and we have high hopes of 
holding it for the coming year. 

The inter-scholastic tennis meet bids fair to be 
a close contest, and many schools will compete for 
the cups which tbe Bowdoin Tennis Association has 
oflfered. Tbe dates of this tournament are the 28th 
and 29th of May. The intercollegiate tournament 
is to be iu Portland again this year. The date is 
the first three days of the second week in June. 

The following men are working for the doubles : 
Dana, '98, Ives, Cook, and W. W. Spear, White, 
'99, and Dana, '99. These men and others will 
enter the singles. 

Bowdoin, 10; Murphy Balsams, 3. 

Rain caused -the postponement of the first sched- 
uled game from Saturday to Monday, the J 9th. The 
weather was cold and windy, and it rained during 
tbe latter part of the game. But seven innings 
were played, and it was so raw that neither of the 
pitchers exerted themselves. Bodge pitched an 
excellent game, striking out fourteen men, some of 
whom were old league players. Bowdoin's team 
this year appeared to good advantage. The two 
new men showed up. well in what little they had 
to do. Bacon has a hard place to fill, but bids fair 
to fill it well. The alternating of Libby and Bodge 
from first base to the pitcher's box will insure us 
a good first baseman all tbe time, for both men are 
old players at that position. 

The game on Monday was slow to watch, as 
might be expected from tbe weather and the earli- 
ness of the season, but all in all it was very satis- 
factory to Bowdoin supporters, who could only 

criticise the batting and base-running, which will 
no doubt improve as the season advances. Score : 


A.B. R. B.H. T.E. P.O. A. B. 

Haines, c, 4 1 1 1 \r> 

Bodge, p., 5 2 1 1 2 1 

Bryant, l.f., 3 2 1 1 

Bacon, s.s., 3 1 1 

Stanwood, o.l., .....1 1 2 

Hull, 2b. 3 1 1 2 1 

Clarke, 3b 4 1 2 3 

Libby, lb 1 1 1 1 3 

Smith, r.f 4 1 1 

Totals, .... 28 10 8 10 21 2 2 


A.B. R. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Webster, 2b., .....2 2 1 2 5 4 2 

Gorham, 3b., 4 1 2 1 1 1 

Kilfedder, s.s 4 2 

Edgar, c 2 5 5 1 

Murphy, r.f., 2 

Flavin, lb., 3 7 

Allen, c.f. and p 3 1 

Woiodbury, l.f., .... 3 
Hodgdon, p. andc.f., . .2111001 

Totals, 25 3 3 5 21 10 5 


12 3 4 5 6 7 

Bowdoin 300010 6—10 

Murphy Balsams, ... 100010 1— 3 
Base on balls— by Bodge 4, by Hodgdon fa", by Allen 3. 
Hit by pitched ball— Webster, Libby. Wild pitch— Bodge 
1, Allen 1. Stolen bases— Haines, Hodgdon. Struck out — 
by Bodge 14, by Hodgdon 4. Passed balls — Edgar 2, 
Haines 3. Left on bases — Bowdoin 6, Murphy Balsams 4. 

Bowdoin, 1 ; Portland, 9. 
Bowdoin played her second game with the Port- 
land league team on Fast-Day. The game was 
played iu Portland, and was an excellent one after 
the second inning, when Bowdoin settled down to 
hard work. The fielding of both teams was first- 
class and shows our team up in a very favorable 
light, for we made fewer mistakes than the leaguers, 
even after their two weeks of playing. It may be too 
early in the season to criticise the batting of our 
team, but later iu the season we expect to see a 
different sort of stick work. The playing of Hull 
and Bacon was rather the best for Bowdoin, while 
the batting of Hickey was the feature of Portland's 
game. Tbe score : 


A.B. R. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Hickey, 2b 4 4 3 4 2 3 

Coughlin, r.f., .... 5 1 1 1 

Nichols, c, 5 1 2 2 5 2 

Houle, l.f 5 2 2 3 1 o 

McQuirk, lb., .... 5 2 2 14 

Polhemus, c.f., .... 5 1 

Burns, 3b., 3 1 2 2 2 2 2 

Deisel, s.s 4 1 1 2 4 1 

Miller, p., 4 2 

Engel, p 

Totals, 40 9 13 15 27 13 "3 




A.E. R. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Haines, c, 1 4 1 

Bodge, p 3 2 

Bryant, l.f., i 1 1 1 1 

Coburn, 3b 4 1 2 2 

Bacon, s.s., 4 3 4 

Stanwood, c.f., .... 4 2 

Hull, 2b 4 1 1 2 5 

Libby, lb 3 14 1 

Clarke, r.f 3 1 



27 16 


12345678 9 
Portland, ....42110100 0—9 
Bowdoin, ....00010000 0—1 
Earned runs — Portland 4. Two-base hits — Hickey, 
Houle. Sacrifice hit — Bodge. Stolen bases— Hiokey 2, 
Coughlin, Nichols 2, Houle 2, Burns, Haines, Bacon, 
Stanwood, Hull. First base on balls — by Miller, Haines 
2; by Bodge, Hickey, Burns. First base on errors — Port- 
land 2, Bowdoin 3. Left on bases — Portland 5, Bowdoin 
6. Hit by pitched ball — by Engel, Haines. Struck out — 
by Miller, Bryant, Libby; by Bodge, Polhemus, Deisel, 
Miller. Passed.balls— Haines 2. Wild pitches — Bodge 3. 
Double plays — Nichols and Burns; Coburn, Haines, and 
Bacon. Umpire — Hassett. Time — 2 hours 15 minutes. 

L. H. S., 12; Bowdoin 2d, 6. 
Tbo first game of the second nine was played on 
the Athletic Field against the Lewistou High School 
team, Saturday, the 24th. The second nine thus far 
has been rather more talked about than known, and 
this game showed that if the rest of the schedule is to 
be played in a manner creditable to the college, the 
team must have regular practice and systematic 
coaching. The game for the first five innings was 
close and exciting, but after that the visitors batted 
in better luck and gradually pulled away, while the 
college team showed plainly its lack of practice by 
not batting at all. Jioth pitchers did fine work, 
Stetson striking out thirteen men. The fielding of 
both teams was also very good. 'J'hc score : 

A.E. K. B.H. T.E. S.H. P.O. A. E. 

Philoon, c 5 1 1 13 1 1 

stetson, p 4 2 1 

Clarke, lb 5 1 13 1 2 

White, 2b 2 110 111 

Towle, 2b., ... 1 2 

Haskell, 3b 32 1 2 1 

Hunt, s.s 4 1 2 3 1 1 2 2 

Moulton, r.f 31000100 

Came, c.f 4 

Smith, l.f. 4 2 2 






A.E. R 

Ward, 2b 6 

Harkins, 3b 4 1 

Hayes, o 7 1 

Curran, lb 7 

Shea, p., .... 5 

Dennett, l.f 4 4 

Joyce, S.S., .... 3 3 

Davis, 0.1 5 1 

Wright, r.f., ... 4 2 






















45 12 Xi 13 3 37 U 

Struck out — by Stetson 13, by Shea 9. Base on balls — 
by Stetson 6, by Shea 7. Stolen bases— Bowdoin 7, L. H. S. 
7. Wild pitches— Stetson, Shea. Passed balls — Philoon 
2, Hayes 3. Umpire — T. Keohan. Scorer — L. L. Cleaves. 

President Ernest Laycock, '98, led the evening 
service Thursday, April 15th. He took as his sub- 
ject "Perplexities," and carried out his theme very 
clearly and interestingly. 

Last Thursday evening the meeting was eon- 
ducted by Fred K. Ellsworth, '97. The current 
theme of the consideration was the way or ways in 
which we can please God. The leader spoke ear- 
nestly and frankly his views, and several other 
members gave bits of experience and thought. 
The general conclusion reached by all seemed to be 
that the best and surest vi'ay to please our Maker 
is to always do our best to develop whatever talents 
He has given us, and to make as many people as 
truly happy as our abilities and capabilities will 

At the business meeting, held directly after the 
service, it was unanimously agreed that the discon- 
tinuance of the Sunday afternoon song service 
would bo the only means to prevent the interest 
and strength of the Association from weakening. 
The change in time of the afternoon chapel makes 
it necessary to hold the T. M. C. A. meeting at 5.30, 
which is the regular dinner hour at the clubs. The 
attendance would necessarily be very slim, and it 
would be putting too much upon the shoulders of 
the chairman of the prayer-meeting committee to 
ask him to invite speakers for so small an audience. 

It is understood that several of the Bowdoin 
Y. M. C. A. intend to make the trip to Northfield 
this year on their bicycles. All who can go should 
report the fact to the secretary. 

For convenient reference the complete list of 
officers of the Y. M. C. A. is published below : 
President, Laycock, '98; Vice-Presidont,^ Wood- 
bury, '99; Secretary, Marsh, '99; Treasurer, Rob- 
inson, 1900; Hand-Book Committee, Varney, '99, 
Alexander, '98, S. M. Hamlin, 1900, Webster, '99, 
C. C. Smith, '98; New Student Committee, Wood- 
bury, '99, Wormwood, '98, Wignott, '99, Blake, '98, 
Phillips, '99; Meeting Committee, Poor, '99, Holmes, 
1900, Bragdon, 1900. 

Nebraska University is making preparations for 
a summer school. 



Book Ifotiee§. 

(Cap and Gown: The Second Series of College 
Verse. Selected by Frederic Lawrence Knowles. 
L. C. Page & Co., Boston, 1897.) The college man 
throughout the country always hails with joy a 
publication distinctively collegiate. The college 
verse writers or college rhymers, as they may be 
called, are no exception to this rule, and the "Cap 
and Gown " will receive such a welcome as only the 
American college man can give. Among the thou- 
sands and tens of thousands of verses that appear 
annually in the student press of to-day it would-be 
strange indeed were there not some which were 
worthy of preservation. To cull out the half- 
developed, and to choose the well-rounded, repre- 
sentative verse, is a task of Herculean proportions, 
but with his extensive knowledge of the American 
college world, Mr. Knowles has been enabled to 
accomplish this with marked success. Many a 
college man will feel flattered, and justly so, when 
he perceives his verses copied, and many another 
will strive to improve so that in the future his 
name may be enrolled upon the scroll of honor. 
College verse is amateur verse and must be criti- 
cised as such. In many of these verses may be found 
the beginnings of future greatness, who can tell? 
Doubtless many would consider it a rash statement 
should one say that the genius of a second Byron 
or Longfellow lurks under certain of these lines; still 
it takes but time to disclose it. These series of col- 
lege verse, it is hoped, may not stop here; but as time 
goes on and the bulk of college verse increases, 
Mr. Knowles will have to use liis keenest judgment 
if he intends to maintain the high standard of his 
first two series. He will prove himfelf equal to the 
task, however, and wheu a suflScieut time shall have 
elapsed we shall eagerly await his Third Series. 

(The College Tear-Book and Athletic llocord for 
1896-97. Compiled by Edwin Euierson, Jr., New 
York, 1897. Stone & Kimball.) If there are any 
college men who think themselves well acquainted 
with our American colleges let tliem but glance at 
this book. All such conceited ideas will instantly 
vanish. This is a book of statistics, pure and 
simple, and as such it is unrivalled. Every institu- 
tion in the country, qualified to confer collegiate 
degrees, is accurately described ; but this is only a 
small fraction of the entire work. There are com- 
plete and up-to-date lists of college publications, 
frateruities, and colors, in fact, college everything; 

not omitting college professors and instructors. 
The volume closes with an athletic record of all the 
leading contests in every branch of athletics. It is 
a stupendous work and one that every cosmopolitan 
college man should keep on hand for ready reference. 

'38.— Edward A. Dana 
died March 29th at his res- 
idence in Fairhaveu, Mass., of which 
town he was one of the best known 
citizens. Before taking up his residence 
in the town he had resided in Boston and 
its vicinity, and had lived in Fairhaven summers 
for many years. He was a lawyer by profession, a 
graduate of Bowdoin College, Class of 1838, but 
never practiced law to any extent, being the pos- 
sessor of a competence by inheritance and inclined 
more to invention than practice at the bar. He 
was a man of great ingenuity, the inventor of 
various devices, several of whicli were very profit- 
able and successful ventures. Among these was a 
windmill, and a brand of fulminating powder, for 
which he received a government contract. The 
windmills had quite an extensive sale. Mr. Dpna 
first became a Fairhaven summer resident about 
fifteen years ago, and since that time had devoted 
much attention to the cultivation of his extensive 
farm. He ])ad a fondness for trout propagation, 
among other branches, and his ponds were among 
the leading ones of their kind in those parts. He 
also engaged somewhat in fancy cranberry culture. 
Mr. Dana was a man of culture and interested 
deeply in all progressive movements in the direction 
of a broader popular education. While a resident of 
Brookline, several years ago, he was one of the pro- 
moters and founders of the free public library of 
that town, and one of its leading patrons. In 
politics he was a Democrat. Mr. Dana married a 
daughter of Thomas Nye, Jr., of Fairhaven. He 
leaves a widow and two daughters. 

'49.— Col. William Hobson, the well-known law- 
yer, died the first week in April, at his home in 
Cambridgeport, Mass. He had been ill about a 
fortnight with the grippe. Col. Hobson had resided 
in Cambridge several years, although he was per- 



haps better known in Somerville, where he had 
resided for raanj' years. He was a tall and well- 
built man, and wore a long, flowing beard. He 
was eccentric in many ways, one of his peculiari- 
tie.s being that he never wore an overcoat, not even 
on the coldest day in winter. He also avoided 
riding in street cars. Being fond of walking, 
he invariably walked back and forth to Boston, 
always accompanied by his faithful St. Bernard dog. 
He was full of interesting anecdotes, and could tell 
a good story to perfection. Col. Hobson was born 
in Buxton, Me., October 13, 1826, and graduated 
from Bowdoin College in the Class of 1849. Before 
the war he taught in the high school in Saco, Me. 
When the war l)roke out he organized a company 
of volunteers in Saco, and went to the front in 
command of the company. It was attached to the 
17th Maine regiment. He won distinction at the 
front, and rose to the rank of lieutenant-colonel of 
the regiment. At the close of the war he was 
brevetted brigadier- general. Col. Hobson had 
practiced law in Boston, Cambridge, and Somer- 
ville for many years, and had a large acquaintance. 
His wife died some years ago. He leaves a daughter, 
Mrs. King, who resides in Montana, and who was 
at her father's bedside when he passed away. 

'60. — Hon. William Widgory Thomas has lately 
been appointed by President McKinley as U. S. 
Minister to Sweden and Norway. Mr. Thomas held 
this responsible office under President Harrison, 
and filled it to the eminent satisfaction of all. He 
himself has a great love for Sweden and the Swedes, 
and is a perfect master of the language and cus- 
toms of that people. He was, in fact, the first repre- 
sentative of any foreign country to address the 
King of Sweden and Norway in the Swedish tongue. 
He is respected and loved by the large Scandina- 
vian population in this country, and is the founder 
of the very prosperous Swedish colony in the eastern 
part of this state. 

'62. — Albion Burbank recently completed twenty- 
five years service as principal of the Exeter, N. H., 
High School. He has been one of the most suc- 
cessful and popular teachers Exeter has ever had. 
Mr. Burbank was born in Limerick, Me., and is a 
graduate of Bowdoin College. He was principal of 
Limerick Academy in 1863 and 1864. 

'66.— Professor Chapman last week spoke enter- 
tainingly to a large and enthusiastic body of Bridg- 
ton Academy alumni, at their reunion banquet in 

'75. — At the close of the Maine Legislature the 
Speaker, Hon. Seth L. Larrabee, was applauded 
and warmly congratulated for the efSoiency with 
which he had discharged his onerous duties. Not 
once during all the tedious session had his ruling 
been at fault, and he had, it is said, observed 
stricter impartiality than had any previous speaker. 
Present indicatious would seem to show that he 
will be a prominent candidate for the next govern- 
orship. His many friends predict for this rising 
young lawyer a brilliant career. 

'87.— A recognition service for Kev. 0. D. Sewall, 
the new assistant pastor of the Harvard Congrega- 
tional Church, Brookliue, Mass., was held at the 

church March 1st. The church is one of the 
wealthiest in Massachusetts, and the pastor is Rev. 
Reuen Thomas, D.D. President Hyde preached 
the sermon at the recognition service. 

'92. — Weston M. Hilton went to Rockland Friday, 
April 2d, to take the civil service examination. 

'94. — Fred W. Pickard will make a three weeks' 
European tour this summer. 

'94.— Rev. Phillip I. Moore of the Congrega- 
tional Church of Saco, Maine, has tendered his 
resignation, which is to take place in June. 

'96. — Charles A. Fogg has been recently installed 
as'a pastor at Post Mills, Vt. In the Oeient for 
February I7th it was given as Charles H. Fogg, '89. 
The Okient wishes to correct the error. 


Hall of the Kappa, -f T, > 

April 22, 1897. I 

Whereas, Our loyal and beloved brother, James 

Frederick Dudley, of the Class of 1865, has been 

removed from our midst; 

Besolved, That the Fraternity loses in him a 
brother who has always held a deep and sincere 
interest in its welfare; 

Besolved, That we deeply deplore his death and 
extend our warmest synapathy to the members of 
his afflicted family; and 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be 
sent to the family of the deceased and to the Bow- 
doin Orient. 

Fkank Jackson Skall, 
John Fessenden Dana, 
Walter Stimpson Mundy Kellet, 

Committee for the Chapter. 

Hall op the Kappa, -f y, } 
April 22, 1897. ^ 
Whereas, We have learned with deep sorrow of 
the death of our beloved brother, William Hobson, 
of the Class of 1849; 

Besolved, That the Fraternity suffers a severe 
loss by the removal of one whose noble qualities 
made him loved and honored by all who knew him ; 
Besolved, That we deeply lament his death and 
extend our sincerest sympathy to his friends and 
relatives; and 

Besolved, That copies of these resolutions be 
sent to the relatives of the deceased and to the 
Bowdoin Orient. 

Frank Jackson Small, 
John Fessenden Dana, 
Walter Stimpson Mundy Kelley, 

Committee for the Chapter. 


Vol.. XXVII. 


No. 2. 





Percival p. Baxter, '98, Editoi-in-Chief. 

Roy L. Marston, '99, Assistant Editor-in-Chief. 

William H. Crafts, 1900, Business Manager. 

Thomas L. Marble, '98. Harold F. Dana, '99. 

LuciEN P. LiBBY, '99. Fred R. Marsh, '99. 

Byron S. Philoon, '99. Hanson H. Webster, '99. 

James P. Webber, 1900. 

Per annum, in advance. 
Single Copies, 

. $2.00. 
15 Cents. 

Extra copies cau be obtained at tlie bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Manager. 

Itemittances slioulil be niaje to tlie Bnsiness Manager. Coni- 
nmnications in regard lo all otlicr matters sliould be directed to 
the Editor-in-Cliict. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Bowdoin Verse Department should be sent 
to Box iltiO, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should be sent to Box 1149, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post-OHcs at Brunswick as Sccond-Olasa Mail Matter. 
Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston. 


Vol. XXVir., No. 2.— May 12, 1897. 

Editorial Notes 15 

Bowdoin Courtesy: a Study 17 

Autobiography of au Old Umbrella 19 

Bowdoin Verse: 

Compul.sory Cliurch 21 

Memories 21 

A Health to Bowdoin 21 

The Pine's Origin 22 

CoLLEGii Tabula 22 

Athletics 25 

Y. M. C. A 27 

Personal 27 

College World 28 

The Board of Trustees and Overseers, 
at their meeting last Commencement, gave 
Room No. 2 in South Winthrop Hall to the 
Orient to be used as an office. Since tlien, 
changes have been made, and the Faculty 
recently substituted Room No. 11 in Memo- 
rial Hall for the one first given. For some 
time nothing definite was accomplished, and 
the whole plan seemed to have fallen through. 
Finally the present board shook off its inertia 
and voted to take jiossession and fit up its 
office. Preparations were commenced, and 
now the Orient rejoices in a liome of its 
own, small, but convenient and well adapted 
to our luirposes. We are now permanently 
established, and here all of our work will be 
done. We trust that all will call upon us 
and that a more lively interest may be taken 
in the paper, now that the Orient is a fixture 
and is no longer migrating from one "end" 
to the oilier. 

Tff HE several managers of the track, tennis, 
^ and base-ball associations, while circu- 
lating their subscription papers, have encoun- 
tered some unfavorable comment upon the 
fact that no treasurer's reports have been 
rendered to the various associations account- 
ing for the funds entrusted to their care. 
As one student said, " Your association is in 



debt ; but why and how is it ? Until I know 
what becomes of mj"^ money I will not give 
another cent." This is but just and reason- 
able. The present managers have agreed to 
render an itemized account of all funds pass- 
ing through their hands, which account shall 
appear in the Orient at the end of each sea- 
son. Then evei'v one will know why such and 
such an association is ahead or behind. This 
custom, in vogue in other colleges, is an 
excellent one, and the Orient is glad to 
welcome its appearance at Bowdoin. Man- 
agers in the future will be a trifle more 
careful about expenditures when they know 
that .everything will appear in print to be 
criticised and commented upon. There is 
nothing more wholesome than to know that 
one's accounts and actions are to be freely 
aired in the public press. 

'U MOST valuable service is being rendered 
/I the college by Mr. Austin Gary, '87, 
about which but little is known by the stu- 
dents and alumni in general. The old pines 
back of tlie college buildings wliicli have 
always been characteristic of Bowdoin, of 
late liave been showing their years, and at 
present but few health}' ones remain. Even 
these old patriarchs must soon succumb to 
wind and weather. Under Mr. Gary's super- 
vision a new growth of young pines is being 
started, which in a few years will take the 
place of the old dihipidated trees which are 
fast becoming anything but an ornament to 
the grounds. A variety of^ pine, known as 
the white pine, is being used, not the ordinary 
pine tree as found about Brunswick, but a 
variety more hardy and more ornamental. 
Of recent years numerous brush fires have 
wrought havoc with the young pines that 
have been started by nature, so that nothing 
has been able to long survive. Now that 
such care and labor is being employed to 
start this new variety, it is hoped that the 
students and all others will be especially 

careful with respect to promiscuous brush 
fires; and also careful not to wantonly 
injure these young trees by other means. 
Mr. Gary deserves the heartiest co-operation 
of the college in his labors, and every under- 
graduate and alumnus of Bowdoin owes Mr. 
Gary a debt of gratitude for the preserva- 
tion of her pines. Bowdoin would hardly be 
Bowdoin without her pines. 

WHAT means this lethargy in athletics? 
Why is not more interest shown in 
the track team and in base-ball this season? 
Every man in college should ask himself this 
question : "Am I doing all I can to further 
Bowdoin's athletic interests?" Nine-tenths 
of them must say guilty at once. Just think 
of this: last year there were over fifty men 
training for the track team, and where did 
they tiain? Around the campus, around the 
college walks, and at Topsham ! Entluisiasm 
was at fever heat; every man who could 
accomplish anything, however small, did. 
This year we may well hang our heads 
with shame. With a perfect ti'ack but a 
minute's walk from the gym, with every 
convenience for tiaining, and how many 
men? Thirty! A paltry thirty ! We shall 
not enter upon the question of why we need 
more men ; the reason is plain to all. We 
must have more men. It is an insult to the 
new field, if notliing more, to have the 
number of men fall away so. Every man 
who ever did, thinks he can, or hopes to be 
able to do something, should come out. 
Don't hang around the "ends," or pitch 
pennies, or, worst of all, promenade the 
streets of the town, but put on your running 
pants and at least make believe you are an 

When there is a base-ball game, go to it. 
Don't phi}' tennis; don't go on bicycle rides; 
don't lounge under the trees; don't do any- 
thing except to go to the game. You ci'iticise 
managements for running in debt, and then 



won't help the teams, financially and morall}', 
by your presence. It is enough to make a 
manager's heart sick to see fifty or a hundred 
men lounging about the campus, when every 
single one of them should be at the ball 
game. No wonder debts have been incurred. 
At the last three games there has been an 
average of one hundred people at each game. 
Then you grumble if the team gets discour- 
aged. Why do we have such a thing as 
athletics, at all? We say as Lord Nelson 
said : Bowdoin " expects every man to do his 
duty ! " 

"nNOTHER Bugle has been added by the 
!*■ Class of '98 to those published for so 
many years by preceding Junior classes, and 
the '98 Bugle can easily hold its own with 
its predecessors. Of course it has its strong 
and its weak points — we all have — but its 
strong points can honestly be said to pre- 
dominate. Its Board of Editors are to be 
congratulated upon the early appearance of 
their jDublication and upon its moderate cost; 
two cardinal points, the importance of which 
cannot be overestimated. Some Bugles, in 
fact most of them, have been a burden to 
their publishers financially, and have made 
their appearance about Ivy or Commence- 
ment week, when they were almost forgotten 
in the excitement and gaiety of those festive 
times. The '98 Bugle is promptly on deck, 
and the Orient can conscientiously say that 
there has never been a Bugle published at so 
reasonable a cost that can surpass it. 

The only noticeably weak points are its 
literary and its " roast " departments. For 
this the editors are not entirely to blame, 
the class itself must assume its share, for it 
is the class that should have supplied the 
editors with proper material. Possibly the 
editors might have created more interest had 
they tried harder, but of all things hard to 
create at Bowdoin it is interest, and the 
editors, after all, without doubt have done 

their best. The standard portion of the Bugle 
is excellent. It is well arranged and well 
printed, but we regret that so little interest 
was taken by the class as a whole as to allow 
its own periodical to suffer. It is much 
easier to criticise than to create, however, 
and the Orient congratulates the Board of 
Editors upon their admirable production. 
We must not forget to mention the cuts and 
drawings of the '98 Bugle; they are above 
criticism, and it can be safely said that 
they equal, if not surpass, those which have 
appeared in former Bugles. 

Bowdoin Courtesy: a Study. 

@UR college life would indeed be a gloomy, 
mechanical affair, and hardly worth the 
living, were it not that the sharp corners are 
rubbed off and the hollow plaCes filled by 
those numberless little forms of friendly 
courtesy. For, different as our former stand- 
ards may have been, when once we have 
entered Bowdoin, and until we leave, we 
observe a common, though unwritten, code 
of fair civility; a code with rules so delicate 
that the subtlest uninitiated mind can hardlj' 
fathom them. Neither too stringent nor yet 
too flexible, they largely control the conduct 
of eveiy one of us; and it is mostly bj' the 
regard that he pays to these time-honored 
customs, that a man is adjudged worthy the 
respect or the dislike of his fellow-students. 
The very turn that our conversation 
takes tells artlessly the charm of student 
intimacy; for it invariably assumes an air of 
bantering familiarity which cannot but break 
the ice of metropolitan politeness. We 
realize the hopeless waste of energy in 
trying to explain to penny papers and to 
trim old maids the peculiar fascination of 
the college slang vernacular. But that is 
the very delight of it! We alone know how 
to ease poor Mother Tongue of all her frills 
and ruffles and make her comfortable! We 



have unconsciously estimated so well the 
high value of thus doing away with ceremony, 
that speech which would be forcible and 
elegant in outside circles, becomes cold and 
formal in a college room. Imagine your 
neighbors tip-toeing into your room with a 
"How do you do to-day?" and your reply- 
ing, " Very well, I thank you ; " instead of 
his slamming the door and shouting, "Hullo, 
old man, how are you? " and your returning, 
"Out of sight, old sj)ort." 

It is of the very essence of Bowdoin 
politeness to be infinitely bored and make 
no sign. This is part and parcel of the 
same feeling that makes the student the best 
person in the world of whom to ask a favor; 
he seems to have come naturally to a little 
of the spirit of the Golden Rule. He is a 
kind and willing nurse in his neighbor's 
time of sickness, and a grateful patient in 
his own. If it so happens that he is supplied 
with money — though it is indeed seldom 
every one knows — he will lend cheerfully to, 
his hardly -pressed companiorL, without expect, 
ing and certainly without receiving a speedy 
return of his money. 

The Bowdoin man, in fact, is happily 
oblivious of all pecuniary matters. Whether 
his fellow is rich or poor he does not know 
nor care to know; and in this spirit he but 
obeys the unwritten code, which says : " Your 
fellow-student's private affairs are none of 
yours." And so in accordance with the law, 
he allows his friend to pursue his own incli- 
nations without meddlesome interruption. 

Yet there is, as a notable exception to 
the above rule, one case where we Iiave 
taken it upon ourselves to judge, rightlj^ 
or wi'ongly, the character of our neighbor: 
who shall define in fitting term's that luckless 
butt of every student gibe, the "Chinner?" 
We must, it seems, satisfy our craving for 
the extreme in anything, and so we decided 
to perch upon a pedestal the extreme loafer, 
while we consign to deepest ignominy the 

extreme worker. A difficult task, indeed, 
to describe this latter mythical being ! He 
is supposed to watch, with green-eyed envj', 
his neighbor's triumphs, and gloat with 
fiendish glee upon his downfalls. He con- 
verses with much learning and soft insinua- 
tion, after recitation hours, with the professor; 
and of a IVIonday evening, full of starch, he 
makes his ceremonious call. His sunken 
eyes and hollow cheeks jiroclaim his nightly 
vigils, or, has he sle})t, his drear, uncanny 

Far different and much more real is tliat 
other one, our pojjular idol. He is a sleek, 
well-favored individual, with ready and 
familiar tongue. He puffs with jaunty air 
his little cigarette and passes idle com- 
ment on meerschaum pipes or favoi'ite 
tobacco brands. For all except his mortal 
enemj^ the "Chinner," he wears an easy and 
indulgent smile. He avows, with noble 
fi'ankness, that his lessons are no care for 
him, supplementing the assertion with the 
sage proposal that "we cut all profs to-day." 
In fine, he is the man whom we must greek 
with loud huzzas, for he it is whom we have 
made our king, and the king, you know, 
"can do no wrong." 

This false hero-worship comes, however, 
from our praiseworthy readiness to applaud, 
which exhibits itself, only in a form much 
more favorable than the last, in the hearty 
support that we tender our college organi- 
zations. To disparage unjustly one who 
represents the college, is the extremest breach 
of Bowdoin etiquette; since it signifies an 
ungenerous, envious spirit, which the un- 
written laws will never tolerate. We have 
learned well the difficult lesson, to recognize 
skill superior to our own, and, furthermore, 
to recognize it cheerfully; or, if all have not 
learned the lesson, they must make an 
excellent pretence of it, else their lot will 
not be otherwise than thorny. Such is the 
firm foundation upon which is built what 



popularlj' is known as " College Spirit," 
and were it not for "College Spirit" Bow- 
doin might equally as well turn kindergarten 
as stay college. 

But the best thing about this generosity 
of our applause is its overflowing abundance. 
We have even enough to bestow upon other 
colleges, and on the general public. There 
is the secret why Bowdoin plays with such 
success the r81e of host, wh}' she has obtained 
her enviable popularity. We can boast with 
pardonable pride that she has not stooped so 
low, but that she can treat all opponents 
fairly and recognize merit even in hostile 
guise. Neutral merit, too, has a share of 
the applause, as those who have so kindly 
entertained us with the Memorial Hall Song 
Recitals will, no doubt, gladly testify. In 
fact, the Bowdoin man fairly burns with 
cordiality for all comers. 

Yet see how finely-wrought the code is, 
even here. It has found the means to be in 
open sympathy with all, and yet to make a 
nice distinction between the comrade and 
the alien. How could it have been planned 
more gracefully than in that stereotyped 
salute, " Hullo ! " The strongest link in all 
our chain of courtesy is in that little word. 
It suffices as a form of greeting at once for 
closest friends, for chance acquaintances, or 
utter strangers ; provided only that they be 
Bowdoin men — and very strange it is, and 
very true too, that we can always tell at 
sight a college man. 

The public does not and cannot under- 
stand this self-same college man. It takes 
him generally as a huge joke, sometimes as a 
wonderful curiosity, not seldom as a harm- 
less nuisance, but never as he really is. For 
this we do not much care. The sorry thing 
is that we have not regard enough for our- 
selves to understand our own mechanism. 
We take our customs and our privileges as 
by-gone generations have left them for us, 
without once looking beneath the surface to 

see how well our fathers builded. Did we 
but take a nearer view we would see that 
we act not altogether independently, but as 
a little part of the well-ordered system which 
long experience has devised. 

Autobiography of an Old Umbrella 

i^UITE recently, when all Nature seemed 
N^ bound by a spell (of wet weather), the 
thought struck me that my autobiography 
might be of interest to some of my former 
friends. I don't know that I've ever done 
anything brilliant, but I do know that auto- 
biographies have been written by people who 
have not traveled any further nor seen any 
more than I have. Didn't I, when I was a 
youngster, ride in a box-car all the way from 
the large factory in New York to a strong- 
smelling little grocery store in a small country 
town in New England? And wasn't I so 
crowded by the others in the car, that if my 
ribs hadn't been steel they would surely have 
been broken ? Most certainly. Hence this 
literary treat. 

A few days after my arrival at the country 
grocery store I heard a customer ask the 
store-keeper to show him some umbrellas. 
After he had examined a few of my com- 
panions he selected me. " Four dollars," 
remarked the proprietor. " Give yer three." 
At this offer the store-keeper held up his 
hands in (un)hol3' horror, declaring that we 
cost him three-and-a-half apiece at wholesale. 
With difficulty I restrained myself from 
groaning, for I was well aware that he had 
paid just a dollar and fifty-three cents apiece 
for us. But it was no business of mine, so I 
kept quiet and was sold for three seventy- 
five, and went home with my new owner. 

It took me some time to get acquainted 
with the members of the family, for my 
modesty (and my master) always kept me 
in the entry, never allowing me to go further 
into the house. Besides, on pleasant days, 
when the family went walking, I stopped at 



home, and only went out on rainy days, when 
most of the famil}' staid indoors. M}^ first 
new acquaintance was the youngest boy of 
the household. I accompanied him to school 
one rainy morning; and as we were return- 
ing home a dispute arose between my young 
friend and another boy considerably older, 
who finally grew angry and would have 
struck the smaller boy. But the little fellow 
used me to advantage, and between us we 
managed to smirch our adversary's counte- 
nance most admirably. Not a very pretty 
trick, you may say, but I had taken, the part 
of the weaker side, so my conscience didn't 
smite me. 

Another day the young lady of the house 
was going out calling, and as there were 
signs of rain she took me along with her. 
She was a nice young lady and I was glad to 
accompany her, although I have the name of 
not being very sociable. As we were return- 
ing from our calls, we passed a gateway, 
through which a livel}' but savage-looking 
cow came running in our direction. My fair 
companion was terribly frightened, and I saw 
an opportunity to "spread myself" (if I may 
be allowed the slang) ; and I did so with 
such alacrity that the festive cow got out of 
the way with considerable interest. Before 
we reached home I had another chance to 
offer my protection to the pretty young lady. 
The rain and wind began to assail us, and 
I devotedly sheltered my companion's head 
from the shower. As I was performing this 
pleasant duty I became so puffed up with 
pride (and wind) that at last I was actually 
turned wrong side out. This naturally shat- 
tered my pride, and in fact I felt somewhat 
shattered myself; but my kind protSgS soon 
set me to rights, and we went on our way 
rejoicing. These and other similar experi- 
ences were quite common in my career in 
the country. But they could not last. 

One day I went with my owner on a visit 
to a well-known New England city. While 

we were in the city my owner attended a 
public entertainment; and as the evening 
was dark and showed signs of rain, I was 
taken along, as my owner and his friend 
jokingly remarked, "for comfort rather than 
for company." Upon arriving at the place 
where the entertainment was to be, I was 
left, as usual, to stand in the entry and wait 
for my master. I never saw him again. A few 
other umbrellas, all more or less ragged or 
decrepid, came in and stood with me in the 
entry — with the exception of one or two 
whose owners had sense and carried their 
umbrellas inside with them. 

During the progress of the entertainment 
a young fellow came into the entry, and, after 
hastily looking us over, took me and went 
out of tiie building. A few moments later 
we entered a building which was darkened 
in the front part, but in a back room we 
found a number of men talking and drinking. 
While my new companion was accepting an 
invitation io "take a little wine for his 
stomach's sake," I leaned against tlie counter 
to wait for him. I was not accustomed to 
such places, and it was not long ere the odor 
of the liquor made my head dizzy, and in 
spite of myself I soon fell to the floor. When 
my young companion got ready to leave the 
place and found me lying on the floor, in a 
puddle of tobacco-juice, his language would 
certainly have gone at a discount in any 
Sunday-school in the country. He picked 
me up and brushed me as well as he could, 
and when we got out into the cool air I 
began to feel better; and after a good night's 
rest I felt almost as well as ever. 

The next morning my new comrade (after 
donning his father's hat, which was two sizes 
larger than his own) took me under his arm 
and started down town. A newly-posted 
notice attracted our attention, and we stopped 
just in time for me to playfully punch the 
eye of a rather corpulent gentleman directly 
behind us. His cry of mingled agony aud 



rage caused my companion to whirl suddenly 
about in such a manner as to bring me 
sharply across the face of a red-haired man 
who was passing. 

There is little more to tell. Since that 
fatal morning I have not felt like myself 
at all. Most of my ribs are either bent or 
broken, and my head, though made of brass, 
is sadly smashed ; not to mention my silk 
outer garment, which is utterly ruined. I find 
myself broken doivn completely, and badly 
hrolcen wp, too. As a result, I do not mingle 
much with society. But any friends who 
wish to visit me will find me in the rubbish 

heap in the alley by the canal on th 

Street. I am patiently waiting for whatever 
may happen next, not knowing what will 
finally become of me. Doubtless I shall dry 
up and blow away, or assist in a bonfire for 
the impending political rallies. 

It may not seem inappropriate to close 
my story with a gem of poetry which my 
friend, the last year's newspaper, gave me : 

"In the storms of life, when you need an umbrella, 
Don't let it be stolen by some other feller. 
And when on the street you are walking so proud, 
Don't punch at a spot in the face of the crowd. 
When the showers have hit your umbrella and 

wet it, 
Keep it out of the way, if you don't, you'll 

regret it." 

Faithfully yours, 

Ann Beil. 

U. of P. will hold a contest in foot-ball kicking 
for three prizes. First, for punting; second, for 
drop-kicking; third, for place-kicking. A gold 
medal will be given for first prize, and a silver medal 
for second prize in each event. 

According to the latest report of U. S. Com- 
missioner of Education Harris, there are in this 
country 481 colleges and universities. These re- 
ceived during the year a total income of $15,783,638, 
employed ,8,459 instructors, and enrolled 63,402 
undergraduates and 4,273 graduate students. 

Compulsory Church, 

Or, "Things Are Not AEwats What Thet Seem. 

To church the student musing goes 
Upon his hymn (or her), who knows 

What brews within his pate ? 
In front he sits and gazes down 
On those below, without a frown, 

A spectacle sedate. 

A prayer-book's all that can be seen 
(The railing serves him as a screen 

And hides this naughty youth). 
He's nearly bubbling o'er with glee. 
For down below, upon his knee, 

He reads the latest "I-rwi/*." 


Why so sad, my April fair? 

Why these tear-stained eyes? 
Winter's gone and spring has come. 

Sunlight fills the skies. 

Yet I too, dear child, confess 
Spring-tide makes me sad. 

But a sadness sweet, so sweet, 
That tho' sad, I'm glad. 

A Health to Bowdoln. 

Come, comrades, let us gather 

In this grateful hour of rest, 
And extol with heartfelt praises 

The girls whom we love best. 
Fill up the foaming goblet 

With the red and sparkling wine. 
And drink a health, a merry health, 

To the one thou callest thine. 

But there's one whom we've forgotten. 

So gentle and so kind. 
It makes me blush for shame, my boys. 

That she should slip our mind. 
Then fill again the goblet 

With red and sparkling wine, 
And drink a health, a merry health. 

At Boivdoin's hallow'd shrine. 

Then here's a health to Bowdoin, 
The mother of us all. 



With whom, my comrades, we will stand 

And witli whom we will fall. 
She puts forth her protecting arm 

To guide our wayward youth 
In the holy paths of virtue 

And of everlasting truth. 

And we in turn must cherish her, 

Her honor e'er defend. 
Determined to endure, my boys, 

Faithful e'en to the end. 
The evenings that we have spent 

Gathered around her knee 
Are the gladdest hours, my friend.s, that w( 

Shall ever live to see. 

And when we have departed from 

The haunts of youth so dear, 
When with grey our locks are sprinkled 

And life's even draweth near. 
Oft with mingled joy and sorrow 

Shall we look with tearful gaze 
Upon the fair and lovely visions 

Of our long-lost college days. 

The Pine's Origin. 

In the days when great Jupiter ruled supreme 

O'er Olympus majestic and grand. 
In the forest or pasture or oft by some stream 
Now and then partaking of honoy and cream, 

Seeking pleasure. Pan roamed through the land. 

Near the brink of a river the nymph Pitys staid 

And garlands sweet wreathed on the bank. 
But once far away from the river she strayed, 
And 'twas there that Pan met and accosted the maid 
Who, surprised, from the god's presence shrank. 

But with words of sweet love ber affections he won, 

And he charmed all her weak fears away. 
In the forest secure from the beat of the sun, 
Boreas, her unwelcome suitor, to shun, 
They passed that delightful long day. 

When upon the two lovers the full moon shone 

Through the foliage green above, 
Then together they rose; hand in hand wan- 
dered on, 
And they followed the paths where Pan oft had gone, 

And ho told of his passionate love. 

But alas, the fierce Boreas discovered the twain 
On the crest of a mountain gray, 

Tbenhe blew and he blustered with might and with 

Till he dashed the fair maiden down onto the plain, 
A motionless form of clay. 

Pan, availing himself of his power divine. 

As he wept o'er her body dear. 
Changed the beautiful maid to a moaning pine, 
Sadly murmured, " Thou shalt be forever mine, 

Thou shalt over remain green here." 

And the pine tree is now often softly wooed 

By Pan, the gentle breeze; 
And is oft roughly smitten by Boreas rude. 
When the Northwind comes forth in most terrible 

Yet stands firm, the noblest of trees. 

In all lands her offspring on hill and on dale, 

Decked in richest of emerald, stand. 
As Pan softly approaches they breathe Pitys' tale 
And with voice low and mournful her sad fate 

When the moon smiles all night on the land. 

At the request of Bowdoin 
students and the citizens of 
Brunswick, Hon. Joshua L. Chamber- 
lain, LL.D., gave a lecture on Gettys- 
burg, at Memorial Hall, on the evening 
of May 15th. Gen. Chamberlain had 
the fortune to be an actor in the great battle, which 
made his talk doubly valuable. 

Last Monday, Arbor Day, was a holiday. 
The Freshmen were matriculated last week. 
The College tennis tournament opened yester- 

Goodspeed, 1 000, has been at home for a week 
or two. 

John Bass, 1900, has returned after a brief 

Minot, 'il6, was on the campus for a few days 
last week. 



Weather forecast : — Sudden showers, followed by 
tired feeling. 

Farwell, 1900, paid a flying visit to his home in 
Rockland, recently. 

The extra class in surveying, for the Freshmen, 
has been organized. 

W. S. M. Kelley is Bowdoin's correspondent for 
the Bath Independent. 

A tramp on the campus has been affording the 
boys some amusement. 

John F. Stacy of Bath is playing trombone with 
tlie Bowdoin Orchestra. 

The members of the Deutsoher Verein had their 
pictures taken recently. 

Flood, '94, was here to see the game with the 
New Hampshire College. 

Scrub teams in base-ball have been in evidence 
a good deal for the past week. 

An enjoyable sociable was held at the Congre- 
gational vestry week before last. 

Memorial Day comes upon Sunday this year. 
Monday will be a holiday, however. 

Many of the stores were found to have sold out 
their stock of cigarettes on May 1st. 

E. R. Hunter, the Bath vocal teacher, sang in 
the chapel choir on a recent morning. 

Percy A. Babb, 1900, has been elected assistant 
business manager of the Boivdoin Quill. 

Freshmen are now using upper Memorial in 
which to exercise their oratorical powers. 

Laucey, '99, treated the Sophomore division in 
English History to cigars, a few days ago. 

In place of the term examination in ethics, the 
Seniors are to write theses on " The Moral End." 

An informal dance was given by the Mandolin 
Club, at the Court Room, last Thursday evening. 

The Inter-class Debate will take place on the 
evening of Thursday, May 20th, in Memorial Hall. 

A troupe of Canadian jubilee singers at the 
Town Hall was a late attraction in the amusement 

The members of the Brunswick High School 
athletic team have been at work in the gymnasium 
of late. 

After this April weather of showers and clouds 
let's hope we may have some of May's flowers and 

Quite wet under the windows of the ends on 

pleasant days now when the Freshmen come back 
from dinner. 

It surely seems warm enough to run open cars 
on the electric road, but as yet they have not put 
in an appearance. 

Again the vision of Trilby floats before our eyes. 
W. A. Brady's company visits Brunswick and plays 
at the Town Hall. 

Laycock, '98, left college last week to begin his 
summer's work, in the North-western States, as an 
expert machinist. 

At a recent meeting of the Junior Class, Robert 
R. Morson was chosen chaplain for Ivy Day in place 
of F. H. Swan, resigned. 

A violinist and harpist on Main Street, playing 
" Sweet Rosy O'Grady," and other popular airs, have 
been late visitors to Brunswick. 

The willow tree which stood so near the path 
by Memorial as to be an inconvenience, has been 
removed a few steps farther away. 

A pleasant sight from a window in North Maine 
the other day, was a brown squirrel, whAscrambled 
up the tree to perch on its branches. 

The Sophomore division in French, having fin- 
ished MelUVs Contemporary French Writers, are to 
take up Daudet's, " La Belle Nivernaise." 

French, '97, has been coaching some of the 
members of the Brunswick High School who are 
preparing for the coming inter-scholastic meet. 

A walk over to the falls and back is a favorite 
stroll directly after supper. This spot is surely one 
of the most charming pieces of Brunswick scenery. 

The usual spring work is being done on the 
campus, in fixing up the paths, raking together 
the old leaves, and in preparing things generally 
for summer. 

Among the books received at the library lately 
are thirteen volumes of the Collected Mathematical 
Papers of Arthur Cayley, Professor of Mathematics 
at Cambridge. 

Crawford's Express went to Bath last week and 
brought up some curios loaned to the Walker Art 
Building by Hon. Harold M. Sewall, during his 
sojourn in Hawaii as United States Minister to that 

A number of Bowdoin men attended the Uni- 
versity of Maine-Bowdoin base-ball game, at Orono, 
last Wednesday. Among the number were Hon. 
C. J. Chapman, '68, Rev. C. T. Hawes, '76, M. S. Clif- 
ford, '93, and H. L. Fairbanks, '95. 



W. F. Garcelon, our track trainer, is with us off 
and on. He says that some of the fellows are show- 
ing up finely and bid fair to break some of the 
records of last year. 

The cadets from Maine State College, for wo 
believe it is not to be called University of Maine 
yet, will hold their annual encampment at Bath 
this year, the last of May. 

Sousa's Band at Lewiston attracted some of our 
music lovers. The great march king with his btind 
passing through here lately caused some regret that 
they did not play at Brunswick this year. 

Everybody got a bit of mail the other day, when 
another postal said that a representative from a 
prominent company of Boston would make a second 
exhibit of samples at the " Toutine Hotel." 

Freshman athletes are training for the proposed 
rheet with the Colby Freshmen. At present final 
arrangements have not been made, but it is thought 
that the meet will take place the 24th of this month. 

'Ninety-eight's Bugle was put on sale, Thursday, 
May fith, at the chapel. Soon after it appeared 
one could see little groups of men scattered every- 
where over the campus, reading the different items. 

The number of books taken from the library 
during April was 933, which compares favorably 
with the record for this month in former years. 
There were 88 books taken out on the 2d, 17th, 
and 23d days, each. 

There have been a number of young pines 
planted iu the woods back of the college recently. 
The old trees there are becoming thinned out, and 
every precaution should be taken to replace them. 
The " Bowdoin pines " have been one of the most 
distinctive features of our campus, and we cannot 
aflfbrd to lose them. 

The recent trips of the Bowdoin Orchestra have 
been to Lisbon Falls and Wiscasset. The boys 
were favorably received, and at the latter place 
there was some talk made of engaging them to play 
at the graduation exercises of the high school. 
The Orchestra has several engagements to play 
commencement time in neighboring towns. 

The first meeting of the George Evans Debating 
Society this term was held Tuesday evening, April 
27th, in the German Room. The subject for debate 
was: Resolved— That the co-education of the sexes 
in higher institutions is desirable. The principal 
speakers on the afBrmative were Marsh, '99, and 
Bragdon, 1900, and on the negative, Woodbury, '99, 

and Bell, 1900. After some speaking from the 
house, the question was decided, on the merits of 
the question, 14 to 3, in favor of the negative; and 
on the merits of the principal speakers, 9 to 5, in 
favor of the affirmative. As the next regular meet- 
ing would conflict with the College Debate, it was 
decided to have the next meeting on May 18th. 
The subject will be the Cretan question. 

The second themes of the term were due Tues- 
day, May 1 1th. The subjects were: 
1. — Tlie Best Methods of Dealing with Intemperance in 

2.— Military Drill in Public Schools. 
3. — The Requirement in English for Admission to College: 

How can it be improved ? 
4. — An After-Dinner Speech to Bowdoin Alumni. 
5. — A Comparison of a Sixteenth-Century Gentleman In 
B'rance with a Nineteenth-Century Gentleman in Eng- 
land. (See Weyman's "A Gentleman of France," and 
Miss Muloch's " John Halifax, Gentleman.") 

The College Glee and Mandolin Clubs gave a con- 
cert in Portland on April 24th. This is the first 
time the clubs have appeared in Portland since the 
time they gave an entertainment there for the bene- 
fit of the fund for the Longfellow statue. Follow- 
ing is the programme : 

March — King Carnival. Mandolin Club. 

'Tis Morn. Glee Club. 

Mandolin Quartette. 

Messrs. Merrill, Moulton, White, and Potter.- 

Vocal Solo — Thine Eyes. Mr. Hunter. 

Serenade— Rococo. Mandolin Club. 

College Songs. Glee Club. 

Selections — Robin Hood. Mandolin Club. 

Wake Not but Hear Me. Glee Club. 

Mandolin Solo— Los Cuerdas Majicas. Mr. Merrill. 

Ye Catte. Glee Club. 

Song d'Amour — Intermezzo. Mandolin Club. 

Bowdoin Beata. Glee and Mandolin Clubs. 

A valuable addition has been made recently to 
the Art Building in a collection of curiosities from 
India and the islands of the Indian Ocean. The 
collection has been only partially unpacked in the 
Boyd Gallery; but among the things of interest to 
be seen are some Indian paddles, spears, and war 
shields; a large Indian idol; some bows from 
Malay; and a number of battle clubs from Samoa. 
The lot will form an interesting increase to the Art 

The Junior Class has elected the following men 
to take part in the Junior Prize Declamation, which 
will occur on Monday evening of Commencement 
week : P. P. Baxter, Portland ; H. M. Bisbee, 
Rumford Falls; A. L. Hunt, Lewiston; W. W. 



Lawrence, Portland; W. P. McKown, Boothbay 
Harbor; R. E. Morson, Upton, P. E. I.; T. L. 
Marble, Gorhara, N. H. ; D. R. Ponuell, Lewistou ; 
C. S. Pettcngill, Augusta; E. E. Spear, Wasbing- 
tou, D. C; F. H. Swau, Westbrook; A. B. Wbite, 

Ad enjoyable sociable was held in tbe vestry of 
tbe Congregational cburcb on Tuesday evening of 
last week. A short programme of vocal and instru- 
mental music constituted the evening's cuteitain- 
ment, and light refreshments were served. 

Wo clip tbe following from the Bath Enterprise. • 
The Tufts College boys who belong to the glee club 
Ihat appears here to-night come under the management of 
some of our Bath girls, and after the concert there is to be 
a dance in the Armory. The college boys are in luck, as 
they will not have hotel bills to pay, because they are to be 
entertained at the home of some of our Bath young ladies 
over Saturday night. Of course the gossips are having 
a nice chance to talk it over and say they don't think it 
looks well for young ladies to entertain young men that 
they have never met before. There will, no doubt, be a 
good many of our Bath girls at the concert and compara- 
tively few young men. Some of the gossips are mean 
enough to say that the Bath girls have lost their charm 
for Bath boys or Bowdoin students, and so are trying to 
win favor in the minds of the youths from another state. 


Bowdoin, 12; Murphy Balsams, 1. 

A second game was played with tbe Murpby 
Balsams, Wednesday, the 28th. Bowdoin played a 
different battery than in the first game, and the 
cflbot was not at all disastrous. Captain Haines 
had a bad finger, and Wilson caught. His work as 
a whole was very good, and bis throwing was excel- 
lent. Libby pitched his first game of the season 
and Bodge played bis first game at first base. 
Both showed that they had not forgotten former 
experience at those positions and did excellent 
work, Libby striking out ten men, giving no bases 
on balls, and allowing but four hits during the 

Soule of the Medical School, last year's third 
baseman, was tried in the right field, but had little, 
chance to distinguish himself. 

Greenlaw was back in bis old position and 
showed up better than ever. He hit hard and was 
in tbe game at all points. He will greatly strengthen 
the team, and we all are glad to see bim back. 

The score : 


A.B. R. B.H. X.B. P.O. A. H. 

Hull, 2b. 3 2 1 1 2 2 

Bodge, lb., 4 1 1 110 

Greenlaw, l.f 5 2 2 2 1 

Bacon, s.s. 5 2 

Stan wood, c.f., ....3 2 1 1 2 

Clarke, 3b., 4 1 1 1 2 3 2 

Smith, r.f., ..:..2 1 

Libhy, p 4 2 1 1 1 4 1 

Wilson, c. 3 8 3 1 

Soule, r.f., 3 1 1 

Totals, .... 3G 12 8 8 27 12 4 


A.B. K. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Webster, 2b 4 0, 4 4 2 

Kilfedder, s.s., .... 4 1 3 4 3 

Edgar, c 4 1 1 1 

Flavin, 3b 4 0. 2 4 

Murphy, r.f., 4 1 1 

Ross, lb., 3 1 1 

Woodbury, l.f., .... 3 1 1 

Blood, c.f., 3 

Hodgdon, p., .... 3 3 

Totals 32 1 4 (i 24 IG 7 


12345678 9 
Bowdoin, ...41001402 x— 12 
Murphy Balsams, 00001000 0—1 

Struck out— by Libby 10, by Hodgdon 5. Wild pitch — 
Hodgdon. Bases on balls— by Hodgdon 7. Hit by pitched 
ball — Woodbury. Passed ball — Edgar. Stolen bases — 
Hull, Bodge, Bacon, and Clarke. Left on bases— Bowdoin 
3, Murphy Balsams 3. Double play— Libby, Hull, and 
Bodge. Umpire — Merrill. 

Bowdoin, 14; New Hampshire College, 4. 

Again was Bowdoin victorious, this time over 
tbe New Hampshire College nine. The game was 
played on the Wbittier Field, Saturday, May 1st, 
and was called at the end of tbe seventh inning in 
order to allovp the visitors to catch their train. 

At no time were the New Hampshire men at all 
dangerous. We started in to win, and runs were 
not hard to get. Chase started in to pitch, but was 
taken out at tbe end of the third inning. He showed 
more signs of being a pitcher thau his successor, 
but was wild. 

The small number of chances which Bacon has 
had on the home grounds is rather remarkable. 
In this game be had but one chance, which he 
accepted, and in tbe three games he has had but 
two chances. 

For New Hampshire College Nelson played the 
best game. He led in their batting and caught an 
excellent game throughout. 

The feature of Bowdoin's game was easily Green- 
law's three-base hit. It was the longest and pret- 
tiest hit yet made on tbe new field. Libby also 
made a pretty three-bagger. 



The score : 


A.B. K. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Haines, c 2 1 11 1 

Bodge, p., 5 1 2 2 1 

Greenlaw, l.f 3 3 2 i 

Bacon, S.S., 3 2 1 1 0.1 

Hull, 2b 3 3 2 2 2 

Stanwood, c.f., .... 4 1 1 1 

Clarke, r.f i 2 1 2 

Soule, 3b. 4 1 1 2 1 

Libby, lb., 5 1 1 3 (i 

Totals, . 

. 35 14 10 1.5 *20 5 1 


A.B. K. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Haley, s.s 2 1 3 1 1 

Langlier, lb., .... 4 10 

Richardson, l.f., p., . . 4 2 3 

Nelson, c, 3 1 2 3 3 1 

Smith, 3b 2 3 2 

Wright, 2b 3 1 01 1 

Mather, r.f., 3 1 2 1 

K.iue, c.f., 3 

Hayes, l.f., 2 1 1 1 1 1 

Chase, p 1 1 

Totals, .... 26 44 
*Eane hit by batted ball in the sixth. 

21 10 


12 3 4 5 6 7 

Bowdoin 230204 3—14 

New Hampshire College, 000220 0—4 
Struck out— by Bodge 11, by Chase 2. Wild pitch — 
Bodge. Hit by pitched ball — Bacon and Smith. Passed 
balls — Haines 3, Nelson 1. Stolen bases — Bowdoin 7, 
New Hampshire College 4. Lett on bases— Bowdoin 4, 
New Hampshire College 4. Umpire — T. Koehan. 

Bowdoin, 3 ; University of Mcdne, 1. 

TLie first gniuo of the college league schedule 
was that between the Bowdoin and the University 
of Maine teams at Orouo, Wednesday, May 5th. 
The game was close and exciting throughout, 
neither side scoring until the fifth inning. 

Bowdoin out-played and out-batted the Univer- 
sity team, and won on her merits. The only run 
which the University ,men made was ou a wild 
throw by Bacon, which allowed the runner to go 
all the way round. This was Bacon's first error of 
the season, and easily excusable by the fact that he 
was in no condition to play. 

'J'he base running of the University of Maine 
team was rather ragged, while our team showed up 
in all respects much better than in their last game. 

The score : 


A.B. R. B.H, T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Haines, c., 4 1 10 4 

Bodge, p 4 1 1 4 

Greenlaw, l.f., .... 4 1 1 

Wignot, r.f 4 1 1 3 1 

Bacon, s.s., 4 1 1 

Stanwood, c.f 3 1 1 

Hull, 2b 3 1 2 2 5 1 

Clarke, 3b 3 5 2 

Libby, lb., 3 5 

Totals 32 


8 *20 10 3 


A.B. R. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Pietto, S.S 2 1 2 1 

Crockett, p 4 1 1 1 

Palmer, c, 4 4 2 

Small, lb 4 2 2 8 

Robinson, ob., .... 1 1 

Welch, 3b 2 1 1 3 

Cushman, 1.1 3 3 2 

DoUey, 2b., 2 01 1 2 3 1 

Brann, c.f 3 3 

Sprague, r.f., .... 3 1 1 

Totals, 28 1 5 524 8 7 

* Crockett hit by batted ball. 


12345078 'J 

Bowdoin 00002100 x— 3 

University of Maine, 00000010 0—1 

Stolen bases— U. of M. 2, Bowdoin 2. First base ou 
balls — by Bodge 4, by Crockett 2. First base on errors — 
Bowdoin 2, U. of M. 2. Struck out— by Bodge 9, by 
Crockett 5. Passed ball— Palmer, Haines. Hit by pitched 
ball — by Bodge 2. Umpire — D. W. Nason of Bangor. 

Boivdoin, 4; Boaton College, 0. 

One of the most exciting ball games ever wit- 
nessed in Brunswick was played ou the Athletic 
Field, Saturday afternoon, May 8t.h. The Bowdoin 
nine and that of Boston College were the opposing 
teams, aud although the work of the Boston boys 
was at tiiues extremely clever, the game finally 
resulted in the score of 4 to in Bowdoin's favor. 
Throughout the game the Bovvdoiu nine played 
with an air of professionalism which it has hitherto 
lacked, while its work demonstrated without a doubt 
that the college is represented this season by one of 
the strongest ball teams in its history. 

Libby occupied the bos for Bowdoin, and his 
work was most eli'ectual. Stanwood in ceuter field 
accepted two extremely ditBoult chances, the first 
being the most phenomenal and sensational play of 
the season. GriflQn pitched for Boston College, and 
the three-base hits of Greenlaw and Hull and the 
single of Haines were the only hits made ofl" his deliv- 
ery. For Boston College, the work of Lyons and 
Bergin was the most commendable. 

The following is the summary of the game : 

A.B. R. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Haines, c 3 2 1 1 10 

Greenlaw, l.f., .... 4 1 3 1 

Bacon, s.s 3 1 3 

Wignot, r.f., 4 1 

Stanwood, c.f 3 1 2 

Hull, 2b 3 1 3 3 1 2 

Clarke, 3b., 3 1 1 

Libby, p 3 5 

Wilson, lb 3 10 

Totals 29 4 3 7 27 10 3 




A.B. R. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

McDei-mond, c, . . . 3 10 

Lyons, 31) 4 1 1 1 4 

Cassicly, s.s 4 1 1 1 2 

Brewin, lb 3 8 2 

O'Connor, 2b 4 1 

Bergin, l.f 3 3 

White, c.t., 4 1 1 

GriflSn, p., 4 1 2 1 

Fallon, r.f 4 1 1 

Totals, 33 4 4 24 7 .5 



Bowdoin 00010300 x^ 

Boston College, ..00000000 0—0 
Three-base hits— Greenlaw, Hull. Passed balls — Haines, 
McDermoud. Bases on balls— by Libby 1, by Griffin 2. 
Hit by pitched ball— by Libby 2, by Griffin. Struck out — 
by Libby 9, by Griffin 8. Double play — Hull and Wilson. 
Umpire — T. C. Keohan. 

Thursday, April 29th, F. E. Glidden led the 
meeting. He tooli as his subject a passage found 
in Lulie 12 : 31 : " But rather seek ye the liingdom 
of God; and all these things shall be added unto 
you." His talk was very practical and clear. He 
pointed his moral at life in college. He advised a 
Christian life first, and "all those things shall be 
added unto you." 

President Laycock, who went away for his sum- 
mer work last week, made a short farewell address 
to the society. 

On account of General Chamberlain's lecture on 
the "Battle of Gettysburg" there was no Y. M. 
C. A. meeting last Thursday evening. 

Boston University will this year send an athletic 
team to Mott Haven. 

Harvard, Yale, and Pennsylvania have accepted 
invitations of the Now Jersey Athletic Club to com- 
pete in their Decoration Day relay race. 

After October J, 1900, the requirements for ad- 
mission to the law department of the University of 
Michigan will be the same as in the literary depart- 

Four law prizes of one hundred dollars each 
have been established at Union University for stu- 
dents desiring to follow that profession. For three 
of them the prize applies on expenses at any law 
school ; the fourth applies to the Albany Law School 

'23. — Richard William 
Dumnicr was born at Hal- 
lowell. Me., September 17, 1802. He 
was prepared for college at the acad- 
emy in his native town, and was graduated 
from Bowdoin in 1823. After graduation ho 
studied law, presumably with his brother, Charles 
Dummer, Esq., Bowdoin, '14. Ho practiced his 
profession a few years in Maine, and in 1832 
removed to Springfield, III., where he was associ- 
ated in professional work with his brother, Henry 
E. Dummer, Bowdoin, '27. In 1840 he married 
Miss Elizabeth Willhite. Their golden wedding 
was celebrated in March, 1890. About 18.5.5 he 
went to Kansas and engaged in farming. For the 
last forty years of his life he resided near Lecomp- 
ton, Douglas County, where he was one of the 
oldest teachers in the public schools. Since the 
death of Dr. Stone, Mr. Dummer has been the 
oldest graduate of the college. He maintained his 
physical powers to an unusual degree, being able to 
read his Bible without glasses in his ninety-fourth 
year. He was highly esteemed in the community, 
and was spoken of by a neighbor as "a grand old 
man in every way." Ho died of old age, March 15, 
1897, leaving an invalid wife and seven children. 

'24.— The death of Mr. Dummer leaves Frederick 
Waite Burke of Brooklyn the oldest graduate of 
Bowdoin now alive, although Hon. James Ware 
Bradbury of Augusta, who was graduated in the 
Class of '25, is four years his senior. Mr. Burke was 
born February 14, 1806, at Woodstock, Vt. After 
graduation he studied law with George and Edward 
Curtis of New York. Ho opened an office in that 
city and still lives there, much respected as a lawyer 
and a man. 

'46.— Prof. Joseph C. Pickard has just returned 
from a year's travel in Europe. During his absence 
interesting articles descriptive of his tour have 
appeared quite regularly in the Newton Graphic. 

Mod., '66.— Dr. Edward Horatio Foster died of 
heart failure at his home in Concord, N. H., April 
6th. He was born October 19, 1839, at Canterbury, 
N. H., being a descendant of the famous Canterbury 
family. After graduation ho settled as a physician 
in Concord, N. H., where he remained until his death. 



77. — Tbe Neio York Sun, speaking of Lieut. R. 
E. Peary's future labors, notes tliat Secretary Long 
of the Navy has revolied the order transferring him 
from Brooklyn to San Francisco. Mr. Peary is now 
engaged in preparing for publication the results of 
his years of labor in northern Greenland, and this 
work would be greatly interfered with if he were 
obliged to loavo at Brooklyn his valuable Arctic 
collections and data, which are far ahead of any 
others in quantity, variety, and excellence. Mr. 
Peary is now planning to explore the archipelago 
north of Greenland, hoping to extend our knowl- 
edge of the world to the North Pole itself. 

77. — Dr. Henry H. Smith of Machias was mar- 
ried at Whitneyville, Conn., March 24, 1897, to 
Miss Julia B. Longfellow. 

Med., 77.— Dr. J. F. Hill of Augusta, one of the 
presidential electors, has been lately married. 

'87.— Mr. Austin Gary, the well-known forestry 
expert, two weeks ago planted two hundred pine 
seedlings on the territory back of the observatory. 
The undertaking was an extremely delicate one, 
owing to conditions of ground and weather that 
had to be observed, so that much interest as to the 
result is manifested. Mr. Charles E. Oak, Forest 
Commissioner of the State of Maine, prefaces his 
annual report with the following observations: 
"On arranging the work of investigation I was 
extremely fortunate in securing the assistance of 
Mr. Austin Gary of Bangor, a gentleman who is 
making the subject of forestry a life study, and 
whose work in collecting the scientific data required 
by the national department peculiarly fitted him to 
grasp the practical ideas of which we were in 
search. To him in a large measure is credit due, 
should this report prove of merit. In fact, without 
his assistance wo should have been able to accom- 
plish comparatively little, for I know of no other 
person in the United States with his practical expe- 
rience. The results of his studies, explorations, 
investigations, aiid reasonings will be found written 
in his own language as the principal part of this 

'88. — George Patten Brown died on the 25th of 
March at Denver, Col., of typhoid fever. He was 
born June 8, 1867, at Hudson, Wis. At the expira- 
tion of his college course he settled in Denver and 
entered into banking. 

'91.— Thomas Rich Croswell has, in the April 
number of the Pedagogical Seminary, an article 
entitled " Courses of Study in the Elementary 
Schools of the United States." 

'96. — The engagement is announced of Charles 

T. Stone, the popular and successful principal of 
Denmark High School, to Miss Nannie A. Davis of 
Bridgton, Me. Mr. Stone, while in college, made 
many friends, who unite in tendering him their 
sincere congratulations. 

Ex-'97.— Benjamin J. Fitz has lately won the 
tennis championship of Colorado College. 

A syndic.ite of daily newspapeis under the direc- 
tion of the Chicago Daily Record, will conduct dur- 
ing the summer four distinct courses of instruction 
in English literature. Eighteen authors will be 
treated in a popular style, and it is estimated that 
these courses will have over 2,500,000 readers. 
Prof. T. W. Hunt of Princeton will furnish the 
articles on Hawthorne. 

Yale's spring foot-ball practice began Thursday 
under the supervision of Bull, '89, as coach. Thirty 
candidates were out. 

The privilege of getting out the souvenir pro- 
gramme for the Tale-Harvard-Cornell boat race 
has been awarded to F. T. Adier of New York. 

Colorado College has succeeded in raising an 
endowment fund of -$200,000. The greater part of 
this amount was contributed by Easterners. 

The requirements of Johns Hopkins University 
have been so high that but 784 of 2,976 students 
have obtained degrees. 

R. C. Winthrop of Boston has sent as a gift to 
the Yale Library the largest and most valuable col- 
lection of letters and documents ever received by it. 
They consist of sixty-six letters and autographs 
written by magnates of New England colonial days. 
A large number of them bear dates before 1650, and 
twenty-two of them have never been printed. 

The world's record for the 25-mile road race 
was broken recently by J. J. McDermott, in the Mar- 
athon games held under the auspices of the Boston 
Athletic Association. McDermott's time was 2h. 
55m. 10s., lowering by 10s. the previous record. 


Vol. XXVII. 


No. 3. 





Pekcival p. Baxter, '98, Editor-in-Chief. 

Roy L. Marston, '99, Assistant Editor-in-Chief. 

"William H. Craets, 1900, Business Manager. 

Thomas L. Marble, '98. Harold F. Dana, '99. 

LuciEN P. LiEBT, '99. Fred E. Marsh, '99. 

Byron S. Philoon, '99. Hanson H. Webster, '99. 

James P. Webber, 1900. 

Per annum, in advance. 
Single Copies, 

. $2.00. 
15 Cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Manager. 

liemittances should be made to the Business Manager. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Editor-in-Chiet. 

Students, ProfessWs, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contiibutions must be 
accompanied by "writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Bowdoin Verse Department should be sent 
to Box 060, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should be sent to Box 945, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post-Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 
Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston. 


Vol. XXVII., No. 3.— Mat 26, 1897. 

Editorial Notes 29 

A Class History, 31 

Psi TJpsilon Convention 32 

Alpha Delta Phi Convention, 32 

BoYCDOiN Verse: 

A Parody, 33 

To the Violet, 34 

The Song, 34 

CoLLEGii Tabula 34 

Athletics 36 

Y. M. C. A 40 

Book Reviews, 40 

Personal 41 

College World 42 

is customary, the next issue of 
the Orient will not appear until after Ivy 
Day, three weeks from this number, as it is 
to contain the exercises of Ivy Day in full. 
All those having parts or responses will 
hasten the appearance of the Orient by 
handing them to the editor at once. 

TTTHE Orient is constantly in receipt of 
■'■ anonymous productions, both of prose 
and poetry — mostl}'^ poetry, however. To 
those who send such articles we would say 
that it is impossible for us to publish them 
unless somebody is willing to stand behind 
us. Any writer who wishes his name con- 
cealed has but to say so to the Orient. 
His article shall appear anonymously both 
ill the Orient and in the index if he so 
desires — only the editor need know; but to 
publish anything and everything we may 
receive, even though it possess marked merit, 
would be a dangerous custom. Of late we 
have rejected several excellent bits of poetry 
simply for the lack of a name attached. 
However much we dislike to do this, it is 
necessary. Do not fear to sign your name 
man-fashion, and if you don't care to have 
it in print we pledge ourselves to keep it 



NOT many years ago military tactics were 
taught at Bowdoin, and taught success- 
fully. The fact that military drill was com- 
pulsory proved its death, and its death was 
both fortunate and unfortunate; fortunate 
in its abolition of compulsion, but unfortu- 
nate in its abolition of the drill. Like so 
many other human actions, if they are forced 
upon us they become tiresome ; if we act 
freely with regard to them we enjoy and 
profit by them. The Orient wishes to make 
a plea for military drill — a plea probably to 
prove useless, but still it is none the less 
sincere. At most of our sister institutions 
"The Cadets" take the lead in social events, 
as at Brown, Massachusetts Institute of Tech- 
nology, and other colleges, and both sides of 
a man's nature are trained — his physical and 
his social. Simply because others drill we 
should not, but if there is real merit in it, 
and such has been tested, then we should 
not be behind our fellows. 

All of us are not foot-ball or base-ball 
players or track atliletes, and those of us who 
are not should have some athletic exercise 
to keep the body in a healthful condition. 
What better exercise is there than military 
drill? What gives a man so firm a step, so 
easy a bearing as that? The Orient believes 
that a company could be successfully organ- 
ized at Bowdoin, and that such a company 
would be of inestimable advantage to the 
college in more ways than one. In starting 
a new project difficulties always lie in one's 
path, but remember that the greater the dif- 
ficulties surmounted, the greater the credit 
due the successful surmounter. There is 
material, there is spirit enough here to start 
such a company, and if one or two interested 
men should take hold, by next fall Bowdoin 
would be the proud possessor of a military 
company, non-compulsory, that would be of 
great benefit, not only to the college but to 
the entire student body. The student body, 
we believe, would gladly take up such a 

project, and " where there's a will there's a 

l^VERY man in college should, and doubt- 
■^ less does, feel satisfied with our Worcester 
team. For a college with but little over two 
hundred men to win third place among insti- 
tutions of three or four times her size is a 
feat of which we justly may be proud. If 
there is one athletic contest that really offers 
a chance for comparison, that is the Worcester 
meet. Here from ten to twelve of the lead- 
ing New England colleges compete, and here 
last Saturday Bowdoin won third place. Our 
team did nobly, and every man of the team, 
whether or not he won a point, can feel 
elated. By conscientious work we have 
worked from sixth to third place, and by 
more of the same we shall step from third 
to first! 

Our creditable performance at Worcester 
suggests a question that is being discussed 
about college just at present: shall we still 
continue to take part in the M. I. C. A. A. 
meet. Many argue that in track athletics 
we are at present in a different class from 
the other Maine colleges as a result of our 
years of experience at Worcester, and that 
it is hardly profitable for us to enter games 
where we win nearly one hundred out of 
some one hundred and thirty points. This 
argument appears logical to the Orient. 
When the Maine colleges prove themselves 
in our class in track athletics we should 
compete, but not until then. That may be 
this season; it may be next; whenever it is, 
we should compete with them, and not until 

PRIZE speakings are given for the benefit 
of the undergraduate body by the under- 
graduates, and it is they who should be con- 
sidered and their preferences consulted, when . 
practicable, in planning these exhibitions. 
For years, probably always, these have 



been held during examination week, the 
Junior speaking during Commencement 
week, and for as many years the attendance 
of students has been much smaller than it 
otherwise would, had the speakings come at a 
more favorable time. In the fall and winter 
the last night of the term is chosen — the 
busiest of the entire season — when scores of 
the students have gone home already; others 
are hard at work "plugging" for their last 
examinations, and almost all those remaining 
are busy packing their trunks or otherwise 
preparing for departure. In June it is not 
so inconvenient, however, as some under- 
graduates remain at Commencement, and the 
alumni probably enjoy the oratory. Of all 
days in the term why should the busiest and 
most confused be chosen for public exhibi- 
tions? The speakers themselves even feel 
the pressure of time, and they often do not do 
themselves justice. It seems to the Orient 
that should these prize speakings come at 
some more convenient and appropriate time, 
as, for instance, at some time during the 
last two or three weeks of the term, when 
the pressure is not so high, that not only 
better speaking might be obtained, but also 
that more interest might be taken by the 
student body in these contests. 

A Class History. 

N interesting and beautiful book has 
recently been received by the college 
library, that is worthy of particular notice 
in the columns of the Orient. It is the 
history of the Class of 1861, for the thirty- 
five years following its graduation. The 
compiler is Mr. Edward Stanwood, the sec- 
retary of the class, to whose good taste is 
due the mechanical beauty of the volume, 
as the fullness and accuracy of the facts 
which it presents are due to his patient and 
loving diligence. 

The book is bound in the college color, 

white, in full Turkey morocco, with tasteful 
tooling and lettering in gilt upon the back 
and cover, and with full gilt edges. The 
title page is adorned with a daintj' head- 
piece of wood engraving, showing the roof 
and spires of King Chapel, and a part of 
Maine and Appleton Halls. On the reverse 
of the title-page leaf is an engraving of the 
Bowdoin coat-of-arms, and, on the opposite 
page, the dedication, "To the name and 
fame of Old Bowdoin," above a miniature 
engraving of the College Seal. 

There is a bright and attractive introduc- 
tion by Mr. Stanwood, which is of the nature 
of a brief sketch of the class, with an inter- 
esting summary of the facts which are 
tabulated in the following pages. "Most of 
the boys," he remarks with pardonable piide, 
"have done something." And so indeed 
they have ! Twenty-five of them served in 
the army, and two in the navy of the United 
States, and two in the Confederate army. 
It would leave the world a good deal poorer 
than it is to blot out the services- to health, 
jurisprudence, social and political life, busi- 
ness interests, education, and religion of the 
eleven lawyers, eleven doctors, ten business 
men, six ministers of the gospel, six teachers, 
three editors, with the varied occupations of 
the remaining members of the Class of 1861. 
It is an impressive confirmation of the worth 
of a college education, and of the high 
character of the j'oung men, almost without 
exception, who seek such an education, to 
read this record of the life-work and the 
achievements of a single class. The pride 
of the college is not greater in its rare roll 
of illustrious graduates than it is in the 
larger number who have carried the Bowdoin 
diploma into the less conspicuous, but not 
less useful, arena of practical business and 
professional life; the great body of faithful 
graduates, who are busily engaged in doing 
the useful work of the community, making 
effective in actual life the training they have 



received at the college. Of this Class of 
1861, five have been honored w^ith the title of 
"Judge," four — if they do not shrink from 
the distinction — ai'e entitled to be called 
"Professor," and two have been college 
presidents. Eight have served in the legis- 
latures of their respective states, five of 
them as senators. Three have received 
honorar}' degrees from their Alma Mater. 

Interesting as this book is as a record of 
the achievements of the class, it is even 
more interesting as a proof of the strength 
and persistency of class ties, — of the loyal 
affection which these classmates have -cher- 
ished for one another and for the college 
through the thirty-five years that have 
passed since their graduation. This gives it 
a beauty beyond its mechanical beauty of 
type and binding and illustration. This 
makes it, as it will make every similar book, 
a treasure in the college librarj^. Eight 
sons of the class, as past and present stu- 
dents of Bowdoin, are an additional proof of 
the loyalty to the College of the Class of 1861. 

The half-tone portraits of the members 
of the class are, with one or two exceptions, 
from photographs taken expressly for this 
history, and add not a little to its interest 
and value. Altogether it is a model, both in 
substance and form, for class histories, and 
is an honor alike to the class and to its 
accomplished secretary. 

H. L. C. 

Psi UpsilOn Convention. 

TlfHE sixty-fourth annual convention of the 
-^ Psi Upsilon Fraternity was held with 
Xi Chapter at Middletown, Conn., on May 
5th, 6th, and 7th. The attendance was 
unusually large, and the New England Chap- 
ters were especially well represented. 

The delegates began to arrive on Tuesday, 
but not until Wednesday did the rush com- 
mence, then every train brought dozens of 
loyal Psi U's. On Wednesday evening an 

informal smoker and sing was given, and 
the delegates became acquainted with one 
another. On Thursday morning and after- 
noon the private sessions of the convention 
were held at the Xi Chapter House. At 
eight o'clock in the evening the public liter- 
ary exercises were held in the Middlesex 
Opera House, and there was a full attendance. 
Professor Charles F. Johnson, Yale, '55, of 
Trinity College, was the orator of the 
evening. The Convention Poem was read 
by John Kendrick Bangs, Columbia, '83. One 
of the most interesting events was a ball game 
played at Pameacba Park, Friday afternoon, 
between teams representing the Xi Chapter 
and the Fraternity at large. The annual 
banquet was held at Hartford on Friday 
evening, and the convention adjourned. 

The Kappa Chapter of Bowdoin was repre- 
sented by E. G. Pratt, '97, and S. E. Young, 

Alpha Delta Phi Convention. 
]PHE Alpha Delta Phi Fraternity held its 
^ sixty-fifth annual convention on May 
13th and 14th, under the auspices of the 
Brunonian Chapter at Providence, R. I. It 
has been sixteen years since this chapter was 
the host in the annual convention, and no 
pains were spared to make this occasion a 
memorable one. 

The few delegates who arrived Wednes- 
day evening were delightfully entertained 
at the Hope Club by the reception committee. 
The earlj"- trains, Thursday morning, brought 
in about one hundred and fifty delegates 
from the twenty-two chapters of the fratei'- 
nity. The convention was formallj'- opened 
at 9.30 o'clock, in the Mathewson Street 
M. E. Church, with Brother Charles E. 
Sprague, secretary of the fraternity, presid- 
ing in place of Brother Clarence A. Seward, 
president of the fraternity, who for the 
second year was unable to attend on account 
of illness. It was interesting to learn that 



Brother Sprague was on Little Round Top 
with Brother Joshua L. Chamberlain in the 
Battle of Gettysburg, and also that at the 
beginningof the war he wrote that well-known 
song, "John Biown." 

At one o'clock the steamer Squantum, 
with Reeves' Band on board, took all the 
Alpha Delta down Narragansett B.iy about 
five miles to the Pomhara Club. Here a real 
Rhode Island clam-bake was served and an 
enjoyable afternoon spent in spite of the 
rain. In the evening the public exercises 
were held in Sayles Memorial Hall. Brother 
Edward Everett Hale, Harvard, '39, presided 
in his characteristic and courteous manner. 
Addresses were made by Hamilton W. Mabie, 
Williams, '67, editor of the Outlook; Percy 
Brown, Kenyon, '64; Charles E. Grinnell, 
Harvard, '62; and George W. Smalley, Yale, 
'53, upon the topic, "The Relation of the 
College to the Republic." Immediately after 
the public exercises a "Smoker" was given 
in the Leyman Gymnasium. 

Friday forenoon and afternoon were given 
up to business sessions of a private nature. 
The convention ended with a banquet, Friday 
evening, in the gymnasium of the Providence 
Athletic Association, which was very prettily 
decorated with flowers and green and white 
bunting. Brother Sprague presided, and the 
following were some v?ho responded to toasts: 
Rowland G. Hazard, J. E. Leach, Hamilton 
W. Mabie, Prof. A. Williams, Prof. W. C. 
Poland, and Rev. H. I. Cushman. 

By the kind invitation of the Brunonian 
Chapter many of the delegates remained in 
Providence, Saturday afternoon, and wit- 
nessed the Brown-Yale game. A very pleas- 
ant dinner was given to all Alpha Delts 
by Brother Richard B. Comstock at the Hope 
Club before the game. 

The Bowdoin Chapter sent six delegates: 
George Monroe Brett, '97; D. Weston Elliot, 
'97; Robert Sidney Hagar, '97; William Frye 
White, '97; Oliver Dow Smith, '98; aiid 

Alfred Benson White, '98. Dr. H. M. King, 
Bowdoin, '59, and Thomas W. Dike, Bow- 
doin, '86, were also present. The convention 
of 1898 meets in Toronto. 

Bowdoirp ^ep§e. 

A Parody. 

lu Brunswick's sleepy hollow, 

By Androscoggin's wave, 

In a vale in the land of Bowdoin 

There lies a lonely grave. 

No sexton dug that sepulchre, 

No parson saw it e'er, 

But a Sophomore the sod uptore 

And laid the Freshman there. 

That was the direst funeral 
That ever passed on earth, 
' All Brunswick heard the tramping 
And saw the train go forth 
With ghastly glare of torches 
Amid the shadows dun, 
With mighty yell as if in hell 
New tortures had begun. 

With the " brave old banner" raised aloft 

Beneath the midnight sky, 

With beat of " drum ancestral " 

And with strains of old "Phi Chi." 

Without sound of funeral music 

Or voice of them that wept, 

In broken lines through the moaning pines 

The weird procession swept. 

This Freshman came to Bowdoin stuffed 

With vain and airy knowledge, 

Like many both before and since 

Resolved to run the college. 

In athletics and in scholarship 

He flourished in the van, 

He smoked his pipe and cigarette 

And thought he was a man. 

This Freshman cruel vengeance vowed 

On any Sophomore 

Who e'er should dare on his blest head 

One drop of water pour. 

A look of bold defiance 

O'erspread his knowing face, 

Forever certain to appear 

Where most 'twas out of place. 



This was the freshest Freshman 

Of whom I yet have hoard, 

The most conceited mortal 

That ever breathed a word. 

For never earth's philosopher 

Traced with his golden pen 

On the deathless page truths half so sage 

As he doled forth to men. 

But, alas ! Behold his high reward ! 

Earth's freshness for his pall. 

To lie in state while demons wait. 

With forks and torches, all. 

And the pines in mocking triumph 

Over his bier to wave, 

And a stranger hand in that lonely land 

To lay him in the grave. 

Ob, lonely tomb in Bowdoin's land, 

Speak from thy tragic hill 

To each ambitious Freshman's heart 

And teach him to be still. 

Sophs have their mysteries of grace 

That Freshmen cannot tell, 

Tboy hide them deep, like the secret sleep 

Of him they loved so well. 

With holy modesty imbued. 

Doth in seclusion secret blessing breed 1 

man ! Well might ye pray for humbleness 

Like this ! Then were this world indeed 

A veritable heaven, and ye than gods no less ! 

To the Violet. 

Hail, Violet, forerunner of the summer-tide. 

Who in this lone, secluded glen 

Dost modestly prefer to hide 

Thy tender loveliness, 

Far from the careless haunts of men ; 

Untouchable but by the soft caress 

Of maiden chaste. 

Why veil'st thou thus 
Thy noble head? Thou dost forget, 
humble flower, that thou art yet 
Dame Nature's pride, and boast of us 
Whom most thou seek'st to shun; and bashfully, 
As oft some secret benefactor spreads 
Innumerable blessings far and wide o'er heads 
Unwitting where the fount of good can be, 
Dost from thy secret bower shed 
Thy magic fragrance, sweeter e'en 
Than sweetest incense. 

Raise thy head. 
Come boldly forth, and be the garden's queen, 
Admired of all; nor waste in solitude 
Thy beauty. But, no. Thy humble modesty 
Abhors pretentious art. Then live thou on 
In native solitude, where none 
May dare intrude. Happy whoe'er like thee, 

The Song. 

I sat down and wrote. 
But I know not, indeed, 

What vein you'd have called it 
Or if you could read. 

For sentences flowed 
As swift as my thought, 
In phrases as free, 
Unfettered by rules. 
And what did I write. 
Of nature or love ? 
Or God overhead? 
No matter at all 
So long as I know 
I wrote what I felt. 

For meanings are caught 

When a sweet song is heard. 

Though ears strive in vain 
To distinguish a word. 

The Class of '99 has elected 
its Bugle editors as follows: 
Apha Delta Phi, Cram; Psi Upsilon, 
Dana; Delta Kappa Epsilon, Marston ; 
Zeta Psi, Clarke; Theta Delta Chi, 
Woodbury; Delta Upsilon, Dutton ; 
Kappa Sigma, Wignott; and the non-fraternity men, 

Where is the sun-dial ? 
Rollins, '99, is teaching at Bristol. 
Baxter, '98, was at New York last week. 
The Seniors have donned their caps and gowns. 
Open cars are now running on the electric rail- 



Next Monday will be observed as Decoration 

Professor Woodruff is a late convert to the 

The campus paths are being trimmed, and what 
an improvement ! 

The Juniors are practicing marching each day 
in Upper Memorial. 

Kendall, '98, was at Hebron coaching the ath- 
letic team recently. 

R. L. Marston has been detained at home by the 
illness of his father. 

The Bowdoin-Colby Freshman meet is now 
booked for June 3d. 

The base-ball subscription book is being circu- 
lated. Help it along. 

A drunk, but jolly organ-grinder, furnished us 
music on a recent afternoon. 

Errorless base-ball games are infrequent, but all 
the more creditable for so being. 

Jordan and Gardiner, J 900, have taken the 
agency for the Crescent Lanndry. 

Among our recent peddlers was a man selling a 
very useful coat and trousers hanger. 

W. T. Libby, '99, spent a day at North Conway, 
on his way home from the base-ball trip. 

Knight, '98, has left college for the remainder of 
this term. He has a situation at Gardiner. 

A sociable was held at the home of the Eev. 
Medville McLaughlin last Thursday evening. 

Adams & Townseud, the Brunswick shoemen, 
have been holding sales in the different hallsrecently . 

Home, 'i)7, who has been coaching the athletes 
at the Bangor High School, has returned to college. 

Professor Kobinson, accompanied by his class in 
Mineralogy, made a visit to Bowdoinham last week. 

President Hyde delivered the annual address 
before the " Student's Association," in Bangor, last 

In case of the absence of the regular chapel 
organist, Libby, Breitling, of the Medical School, 
presides at the instrument. 

Gardeners are still at work on the campus. A 
flower bed of quite elaborate design is being laid 
out south-east of Memorial. 

Professor Chapman, the conductor of the Maine 
Festival Chorus, met the Brunswick division at the 
court-room last Saturday evening. 

Now are the days when a tennis game or an 

afternoon nap on the campus prove far more 
attractive than books or class-rooms. 

At the annual meeting of the trustees of the 
Bangor Theological Seminary last week, Professor 
Chapman was elected president of the trustees. 

The Electric Light Company has been putting 
new lights in the ends. To tell the truth, the 
hghting for the past year has been abominable. 

Two weeks to Ivy Day, and but little over three 
left in the term. Would that the winter term 
might be shortened, and spring term lengthened ! 

The last themes of the term were due Tuesday, 
May 25th. The subjects were as follows : 

1. Describe an Intercollegiate Base-Ball Game. 

2. Ancient and Modern Methods of Physical Training. 

3. English Prisons Two Hundred Years Ago. 

4. The Choice ol a Profession. 

5. Holmes's " Elsie Venner." 

The recent Amherst-Dartmouth trip paid its 
own expenses and a trifle more. The manager 
reports a balance of $8.95, all expenses having been 

Charles D. MoultOD,'98, has left to take up his 
duties as purser on the Mount Desert steamer, 
" Frank Jones." This is his second season on the 

Several Bowdoin alumni attended the Worcester 
Meet on the 22d, among them being Bucknam,''93, 
Clough, '96, and Knowlton, '95. Stetson, '97, was 
also there. 

The genial "Mike" is now back on his car, but 
still finds an evening occasionally to visit the ends 
with his gifts for the boys. Mike is a true-blue 
Bowdoin man. 

The cadets from Maine State College passed 
through here last Friday, en route for their encamp- 
ment at Bath. The Portland High School cadets 
make them a visit this week. 

H. H. Van Tuyl, representing Wright, Kay & 
Co., the Detroit firm of fraternity jewelers and 
stationers, was here at the college last week. He 
had a room at North Appleton. 

This year has seen no theatrical or operatic pro- 
duction put on exclusively by Bowdoin talent, not 
even a minstrel show, and yet the college has 
notably as much musical talent now as it has ever 

The Freshman base-ball nine met the Brunswick 
High School team on the Delta, last Wednesday 
afternoon, and defeated them by a score of 21 to 13. 
The game was quite an exciting one. The battery 
for the Freshmen was Farwell and Philoon. 



At a recent meeting of the Keading-Eoom Asso- 
ciation the following officers were elected : Presi- 
dent, Edward Stanwood, Jr.; Vice-President, Sumner 
C. Pattee; Directors, J. E. Wiguott, CD. Moultou, 
W. P. McKowii ; Manager, Willard T. Libby. 

There is some talk of having an elective course 
in French for Junior year. A vote was taken in 
the Sophomore division of French recently to 
15nd out~how many would take such a course, if 
it were offered, though as yet nothing definite has 
been done. 

The Worcester team was made up as follows : 

220-yard hurdles— Kendall, '98; Home, '97. 

120-yard hurdles— Kendall, '98; Home, '97. 

100-yard dash— Merrill, 1900. 

220-yard dash— Kendall, '98; Horne, '97; Stetson, '98; 

Merrill, 1900. 
Quarter mile — Stetson, '98; Marston, '99. 
Half-mile— Stetson, '98; Marston, '99. 
One-mile run — Sinkinson, '99. 
Two-mile run— Sinkinson, '99. 
Broad jump— Horne, '97; Stearns, '97. 
Pole vault- Minott, '98. 
Shot put— Godfrey, '99. 
Bicycle Race — Stearns, '97. 
Hammer Throw— French, '97. 

The forty-flfth annual meeting of the Maine 
Medical Association will be held in Portland, June 
2d, 3d, and 4th. Among the speakers on the pro- 
gramme are Professor F. N. Whittier, whose subject 
is "Physical Training and its Therapeutical Value," 
and Professor Robinson, who is to speak on " New 
Methods of Disinfection." 

A recital was given in the Town Hall last 
Thursday evening for the benefit of Saint Paul's 
parish. The artists were Miss Harriet Shaw, the 
harpist, and Mr. Turner, the baritone, who sang at 
the song recitals given by the Misses Vannah and 
Bartlett here last winter. They were assisted in a 
pleasing programme by the Bowdoin Mandolin Club. 

The Freshmen are Idoking forward to their 
banquet to be held in Portland the 18th of next 
month. It was thought in the first place to hold it 
at the Congress Square, but arrangements have 
now been made to hold it at the West End. The 
literary parts are as follows : Toast-master, P. A. 
Babb; Opening Address, A. L. Burnell ; Poet, J. P. 
Webber; Historian, C. H. Potter ; Closing Address, 
H. P. West. The Committee on Arrangements is 
J. W. Whitney, G. B. Gould, G. B. Colesworthy. 
The Committee on Odes is L. M. Spear, S. P. Harris, 
E. B. Holmes. 

The oflScials for the interscholastic meet, which 
will be held here June 5th, areas follows: Mar- 
shal, Prof. G. R. Lee, P. A. C. ; Referee, Dr. F. H. 
Whittier, Bowdoin; Judges at Finish, Barrett Pot- 
ter, Brunswick, Prof. G. T. Piles, Bowdoin, W. W. 
Bolster, Jr., Bates; Time-Keepers, F. P. Pike, 
Colby, P. P. Baxter, Bowdoin, Alfred Mitchell, Jr., 
Bowdoin ; Judge of Walking, C. S. Pettengill, Bow- 
doin; Starter, A. S. ilacreadio, Chicago A. A.; 
Clerk of Course, Merle R. Griffith, Portland ; Scorer 
of Track Events, W. F. White, Bowdoin ; Judges of 
Field Events, A. A. French, Bowdoin, P. A. Stearns, 
Bowdoin ; Scorers of Field Events, J. Clair Minot, 
Augusta, E. B. Stanley, Bates; Measurers of Field 
Events, E. T. Minott, Bowdoin, G. F. Stetson, 



Amherst, 10; Bowdoin, 3. 

After a very good showing thus far this season, 
we were defeated by the Amherst College nine, 
Saturday, May 15th, at Amherst. 

For the first four innings Bowdoin shut out the 
Amherst men and scored three runs in the mean- 
time. Then by a combination of hits and errors in 
the fifth, Amherst got four runs and a lead in the 
game. Johnston went in to pitch in the sixth 
inning and did excellent work, while our opponents 
had no trouble in scoring six times more. 

None of Amherst's runs were earned, but they 
did some very good team work. Bodge pitched 
excellently at times, but on the whole was hit 
rather freely. Stanwood and Bacon did by far the 
best work for Bowdoin, while Messenger led for 
Amherst. The umpiring was hardly as impartial 
as it might have been. The score : 


A.B. R. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Gregory, s.s., .... 5 1 1 1 5 3 1 

Tyler, lb 5 2 2 2 11 2 

Sullivan, c, 5 2 1 1 1 1 

Thompson, 3b., .... 5 2 4 1 

Tinker, r.f 5 1 1 1 

DeWitt, c.f i 1 2 2 

Boyden, p., 2 3 

Johnston, p 1 1 1 4 

Foster, l.f 2 1 1 

Messenger, 2b., .... 2 1 1 1 4 4 

Totals 36 10 9 9 27 16 3 




A.B. K. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Haines, c 3 1 1 1 5 1 

Bodge, p., 4 2 2 1 

Stanwood, c.f., .... 4 2 2 

Wignott, r.f., ....4 10 

Hull, 2b 4 2 2 5 5 3 

Greenlaw, l.f., .... 4 1 

Bacon, s.s., 3 2 5 

Clarke, 3b 4 2 i 2 2 

Libby, lb., 4 1 Oil 1 

Totals 34 3 8 10 24 11 6 


Amherst 00004002 4—10 

Bowdoin, ....00210000 0—3 
Stolen bases — Clarke, Libby, Greenlaw. Struck out — 
by Bodge 5, by Johnston 1. Bases on balls— by Bodge 4, 
by Johnston 2. Hit by pitched ball — Haines. Passed 
balls— Haines 3. Double plays— Hull, Libby; Johnston, 
Messenger, Tyler. Umpire — Col. Wright, U. S. A. 

Dartmouth, 3; Bowdoin, 1. 

The first game with Dartmouth was played at 
Hanover, May 17th. It was a twelve-inuing game 
and the fastest kind of base-ball. Had the score 
been reversed it would have been more pleasing, 
but, as it is, the game shows us what sort of a team 
we have this year. Dartmouth's team is considered 
one of the best college teams in the country to-day, 
and the showing which Bowdoin made against such 
a team can only be gratifying to Bowdoin supporters. 

It was a pitcher's battle throughout, and honors 
were about even, but in the twelfth inning, by a 
scratch hit and a couple of errors, Dartmouth got 
a lead which we could not overcome. Both teams 
fielded sharply, but couldn't hit freely. 

Crolius did the best work for Dartmouth, and 
Clarke and Greenlaw played excellently for Bow- 
doin. The score : 


A.B. R. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

McCornack, l.f., ... 5 1 1 1 

Folsom, 2b., 5 4 1 1 

Putnam, c 4 1 1 16 

Crolius, S.S., 5 1 1 2 2 2 1 

Adams, r.t, 5 1 1 1 

Watson, lb. 5 1 1 9 

L. Hodgkins, 3b., ... 5 2 2 3 2 
W. Hodgkins, c.f., ..5122310 

Patey, p 4 2 

Totals, 44 3 8 10 36 10 4 


A.B. R. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Haines, c. 6 10 1 

Bodge, lb., 4 1 1 2 14 01 

Stanwood, c.f., .... 5 1 

Wignot, r.f., 5 1 1 

Hull, 2b., 5 1 1 3 1 1 

Greenlaw, l.f 4 4 

Bacon, s.s 5 1 1 1 2 

Clarke, 3b., 4 1 1 3 4 1 

Libby, p 5 1 1 g 1 

Totals, 43 1 6 7 36 15 5 


123456789 10 11 12 
Dartmouth, 01000000000 2—3 
Bowdoin, .00010000000 0—1 

Base on balls— by Libby 4, by Patey 1. Hit by pitched 
ball — Bodge. Wild pitch — Libby. Stolen bases — Hull, 
Bacon 2, McCornack 2, Putnam, Crolius, W. Hodgkins 3. 
Struck out — by Patey 14, by Libby 7. 

Dartmouth, 9 ; Bowdoin, 5. 

The second game was also won by Dartmouth 
on Tuesday, the 18th. It was a different game 
than the one on the day before, and although we 
out-batted and out-flelded onr opponents, we failed 
to win. 

Bodge seemed to have an off-day, and in the 
fifth was replaced by Libby, whoso arm was too 
sore to allow him to do well, and Bacon pitched the 
last of the game and did very well. Conway started 
in pitching for Dartmouth, but was batted hard 
and soon replaced by Patey, who, in turn, gave 
way to Tabor. 

The game was called on account of rain in the 
middle of the eighth. W. Hodgkins did the best 
work for Dartmouth, both at the bat and in the 
field. Bacon, Hull, and Haines did the best for 
Bowdoin. The score : 


A.B. R. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

McCornack, l.f., ... 5 01 1 

Folsom, 2b., 3 2 1 1 2 2 2 

Putnam, lb., 5 2 2 3 6 1 

Crolius, s.s., 3 2 2 4 3 1 

Adams, r.f., 3 1 1 

W. Hodgkins, c.f., ..4222300 

L. Hodgkins, 3b 3 1 1 1 1 

Drew, c 4 1 1 7 1 

Conway, p., 2 1 

Patey, p 2 

Tabor, p. 1 

Totals, 34 9 8 11 21 9 7 


A.B. R. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Haines, c 3 1 1 1 3 2 

Bodge, p., lb., r.f., . . 5 2 2 1 10 

Hull, 2b 4 1 1 1 7 

Wignott, r.f 3 2 2 

Clarke, 3b., S.S., ... 4 2 2 2 3 

Stanwood, c.f 4 1 1 1 

Bacon, S.S., p 4 1 1 1 7 2 

Libby, lb., p., .... 4 1 3 1 6 

Greenlaw, l.f 4 1 1 1 2 

Soule, 3b., 1 1 

Totals 35 6 11 11 24 11 6 



Dartmouth 0001350 0—9 

Bowdoin 3 1 1 x— 5 

Earned runs^Dartmouth 4. Stolen bases — Dartmouth 
6, Bowdoin 4, Struck out — by Conway 1, by Bacon 1, by 
Bodge 1. Wild pitches — by Bodge 1, by Conway 1. Hit 
by pitched ball — Wignott, Crolius 2. 



Bowcloin, 11 ; Bath, 0. 

The game with Exeter for May 22d having been 
cancelled, a game was played with the Bath nine, 
a semi-professional team, with Kerwin, an Augusta 
leaguer, as pitcher. Tlio game was played on the 
Athletic Field, and was the shortest game of the 
year. It was also one of the cleanest and most pro- 
fessional-lilse games ever seen in Brunswick. It 
clearly demonstrated the fact that we have one of 
the fastest base-ball teams Bowdoin has had for 
many a day. Things went on witli a snap, and the 
team work was excellent and well rewarded in the 
way of runs. 

Not an error was made by Bowdoin and hardly 
a fumble. Two very quick double plays were made. 
Both pitchers did fine work, but Bodge had by far 
the best of it, only two singles being made off his 
delivery. Hull led in the batting for Bowdoin and 
fielded very prettily. For the visitors, Barton, in 
left field, did the best work; he also got one of 
their two hits. The score: 


A.B. R. B.H. T.E. P.O. A. K. 

Haines, c, 4 3 1 1 6 

Bodge, p 5 2 1 1 5 

Hull, 2b., 4 1 3 3. 4 3 

Wignott, r.f., .... 4 

Clarke, 3b., 4 1 2 

Bacon, S.S., 4 1 1 3 2 4 

Greenlaw, I.f 4 2 1 1 

Stauwood, c.f., .... 2 1 1 1 

Libby, lb., 4 1 1 2 14 

Totals, 35 11 9 12 27 14 


A.B. E. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Winslow, 0., 4 4 

Bryant, s.s., 3 00 1 

Barton, I.f 3 1 1 6 1 

Thomas, r.f 2 2 

McPhee, lb 2 9 2 

Caldwell, c.f., .... 3 1 1 1 3 

Sandford, 2b 3 1 3 

Caw, 3b 3 1 1 1 

Kerwin, p 3 4 

Totals, 26 2 2 24 9 7 

SCORE BY Innings. 
Bowdoin, ....31000601 x— 11 
Bath, 00000000 0—0 

Stolen bases— Bodge, Stanwood, Haines. Double plays 
— Bacon, Hull, and Libby; Hull, Bacon, and Libby. 
Bases on balls— by Bodge 2, by Kerwin 1. Struck out— 
by Bodge 6, by Kerwin 3. Passed balls — Winslow 3. 
Umpire— T. C. Keohan. Time— Ih. 20m. 

Batting Averages. 
The following figures need some slight explana- 
tion. Bryant has played in but two games, R. G. 
Smith in but parts of two games, Soule in one whole 
game and parts of three others, and Wilson has 

played but two whole games. It is pleasing to note 
that Hull has batted safely in every game thus far. 

His average is also far superior to his last year's 
average at this time in the season. 


Hull, 39 15 18 ..385 

Bryant 7 2 2 .286 

Clarke 37 10 13 .270 

Greenlaw 31 8 12 .258 

Bodge, 40 10 11 .250 

Stanwood 32 6 6 .188 

Haines 30 .5 5 .167 

Libby, 36 6 9 .167 

Smith, R. G 6 1 1 .107 

"Wignott, 24 4 6 .167 

Bacon, 37 4 6 .108 

Wilson, 6 .000 

Soule, 8 .000 

League Standing. 


Bowdoin, 1 1 .1000 

Colby 1 1 .1000 

Bates, 2 1 1 .500 

University of Maine, .3 1 2 .333 


The annual college field meet was held on the 
new athletic field, Saturday, the 15th. A slight 
wind was blowing, but on the whole it was a very 
good day for the meet. Although the number of 
men contesting was too small, the events were all 
close and interesting. 

From the Freshman Class, Merrill showed up 
the best, and his work in the 100 and 220-yard 
dashes was excellent. Sylvester also did good 
work in the quarter-mile run. Marston, '99, a 
comparatively new man, won very handily in the 
half-mile run and gives great promise. Captain 
Kendall was in great form and won his events 
easily. The Worcester team is to be chosen from 
the winners in this meet. The ofBcials were Coach 
Glarcelou and Dr. Whittier, Timers; Kimball, '95, 
and Soule, '95, Measurers ; Morse, '97, scorer. 

The summary : 

100-yard dash— Won by Merrill, 1900. Time, 10 2-5s. 

220-yard dash— Won by Merrill, 1900. Time, 23 3-5s. 

120-yard hurdle— Won by Kendall, '98. Time, 17 l-5s. 

220-yard hurdle— Won by Kendall, '98. Time, 26 3-5s. 

440-yard run— Won by Sylvester, 1900. Time, 58 3-5s. 

Half-mile run— Won by Marston, '99. Time, 2m. 12 3-5s. 

One-mile run— Won by Sinkinson, '99. Time, 4m. 591-5s. 

Putting shot— Won by Godfrey, '99. Distance, 37ft. 3iu. 

Throwing hammer— Won by French, '97. Distance, 
105ft. 8in. 

Running high jump— Won by Smith, '99. Height, 
5ft. 3in. 

Running broad jump— Won by Cleaves, '99. Distance, 
18ft. 4in. 

Pole vault— Won by Minott, '98. Height, 9ft. 6in. 





Saturday, May 22d, the eleventh annual field 
meet of the N. E. I. A. A. was held on the Worcester 
Oval. This was Bowdoiu's fifth year, and the team 
was made up as follows : Stearns, French, and 
Home, '97; Kendall, Captain, and Miuott, '98; Sin- 
kinson, Godfrey, and H. E. Marston, '99; and Mer- 
rill, 1900. 

As a whole our team was very successful, win- 
ning three more points than last year. The first 
hard luck was in Home's drawing Kendall in the 
first trial heat. Siukinson also met with a painful 
accident in the first lap of the mile run. He was 
severely spiked and had to drop out of the race. 
His wound was cared for and he pluckily started in 
the two-mile run, but his wound was too painful 
and he could not possibly finish. 

The men who won points for us were Kendall, 
first in both hurdles ; Godfrey, first in the shot put; 
Stearns, second in the bicycle race; and French, 
third in the hammer throw. 

As a whole, the meet was a great success. The 
points were more evenly distributed and the events 
all closely contested. Four records were broken. 
They were the pole vault, changed to 11 ft.; the 
hamujer throw, changed to 125 ft., 5Jin.; the bicycle 
race, reduced to 5m. 41 4-5s.; and the two-mile 
run, reduced to 10m. 8s. 

Following are some clippings from the Boston 
papers which show up very well our standing in the 
meet and the way in which some of our men were 
looked upon : 

Dartmouth carried off the Iiighest honors, winning in 
all 29 points, and Brown came second with 26, while Bow- 
doin piled up 19 points. The most remarkable thing about 
the work of Bowdoin is the steady manner in which they 
have climbed during the past four years from the sixth, 
fifth, fourth, to third place, winning in points 6, 10, 16, 
and 19. 

Perhaps the genuine surprise of the day was Kendall 
of Bowdoin, a pupil in track athletics of the old Harvard 
hurdler, Garcelon. The instructor has been very wiley 
about him, saying never a word till the races came, and 
then the pupil won both the hurdle races " hands down," 
with yards and yards to spare. 

Both of the hurdle races were gifts to Kendall of Bow- 
doin, for he won out as easily as if he was against a field 
of high school boys. Home of the same college made a 
good showing, but the bullet wound in his leg made the 
work anything hut a pleasure. 

The summary follows : 

100-yard dash— First heat, won by C. Billington, Wes- 
leyan; second, D. F. O'Brien, Brown. Time, 10 l-5s. 
Second heat, won by 0. M. Callahan, Williams; second, 
E. H, Fraln, Wesleyaa. Time, 10 2-5s, Third heat, won 

by A.W.Grosvenor, M. I.T. ; second, C. G. McDavitt, Dart- 
mouth. Time, 10 2-5s. Fourth heat, won by H. H. Sears, 
Dartmouth; second, G. D. Robbins, Wesleyan. Time, 
10 2-5s. Heat for second men won by D. F. O'Brien, 
Brown; time, 10 2-5s. Final heat, won by C. Billington, 
Wesleyan; second, C. M. Callahan, Williams; third, A. 
W. Grosvenor, M. I. T. Time , 10 l-5s. 

880-yard run — Won by E. F. Hanson, Brown; second, 
C. E. Baker, Dartmouth; third, E. L. Stockwell, Brown. 
Time, 2m. 2 2-5s. 

120-yard high hurdle race — First heat, won by C. F. 
Kendall, Bowdoin; second, J. H. Home, Bowdoin. Time, 
10 2-53. Second heat, won by J. B. Hutchinson, Dart- 
mouth; second, A. Mossman, Amherst. Time, 16 2-5s. 
Third heat, won by O. W. Lundgren, W. P. I.; second, 
W. C. Woodward, Dartmouth. Time, 16 3-5s. Heat for 
second men won by A. Mossman, Amherst; time, 16 4-5s. 
Final heat won by C. P. Kendall, Bowdoih; second, O. W. 
Lundgren, W. P. I.; third, A. Mossman, Amherst. 
Time, 16 l-.5s. 

2-mile safety bicycle race — First heat, won by F. A. 
Stearns, Bowdoin; second, E. Gumey, M. I. T. Time, 
5m 49 4-5s. Second heat, won by G. L. Gary, Dartmouth; 
second, C. P. Schipper, Brown. Time, 5m 23 3-5s. Third 
heat, won by P. D. Chase, M. I. T.; second, P. C. Dudley, 
Amherst. Time, 5m 43 l-5s. Final heat, won by G. L. 
6ary, Dartmouth; second, P. A. Stearns, Bowdoin. Time 
5m 41 4-5s. 

1-mile run — Won by A. L. Wright, Brown; second, J. 
Bray, Williams; third, S. B. Purbush, Amherst. Time, 
4m. 33s. 

440-yard run— First heat, won by F. K. Taft, Brown; 
second', H. C. Hull, Brown; third, E. P. Priest, M. I. T. 
Time, 53 2-5s. Second heat, won by C. B. Stebbins, M. I. 
T.; second, W. J. Gunn, Brown; third, G. P. Stetson, 
Bowdoin. Time, 53 3-5s. Third heat, won by E. T. Elli- 
ott, Amherst; second, H. C. Collar, Dartmouth; third, W. 
A. Sparks, Trinity. Time, 54 3-4s. Final, won by H. C. 
Collar, Dartmouth; second, P. K. Taft, Brown; third, 

E. T. Elliott, Amherst. Time, 51 4-5s. 

Throwing 161b. hammer— Won by R. Healey, Tufts, 
distance, 125ft. 5 l-2in; second, J. P. Coombs, Brown, 
distance, 113ft. 1" l-2in.; third, A. A. French, Bowdoin, 
distance, 107ft. 7 l-2in. 

Pole vault— Won by E.H. Wilder, Dartmouth, lift.; 
second, a tie between H. W. Pifer, Williams, and J. L. 
Hurlburt, Wesleyan, 10ft. 9 3-4in. (In the jump-off, 
Hurlburt vaulted lift, and got the second prize, but points 
were divided.) 

220-yard low hurdles— First heat, won by 0. P. Ken- 
dall, Bowdoin; time, 26 4-5s. Second heat, won by A. 
Mossman, Amherst; time, 27 l-5s. Third heat, won by 
C. B. Stebbins, M. I. T.; 28s. Fourth heat, won by E. H. 
Sprague, Dartmouth; time, 27s. Pinal heat, won by C. 

F. Kendall, Bowdoin; second, C. B. Stebbins, M. I. T.; 
time, 28s.; third, E. H. Sprague, Dartmouth; time, 26 l-5s. 

220-yard dash — Heat winners: first heat, won by E. 
E. Barker, Brown; time, 24 l-5s. Second heat, won by E. 
T. Elliott, Amherst; time, 24s. Third heat, won by E. 
H. Pruin, Wesleyan; time, 24s. Fourth heat, won by C. 
W. Henry, Trinity; time, 24 4-5s. Fifth heat, a dead heat 
between G, D. Eobbins, Wesleyan, and H. H. Sears^ 



Dartmouth; time, 23 3-5s. Sixth heat, won by C. Billing- 
ton , AVesIey an ; time, 23 2-5s. Seventh heat, won by C. 
M. Callahan, Williams; second, A. W. Grosvenor, M. I. 
T. ; time, 23s. Semi-finals, first heat, won by E. T. Elliott, 
Amherst; second, R. E. Barker, Brown; time, 24 l-5s. 
Second semi-fiual heat, won by H. H. Sears, Dartmouth ; 
second, C. W. Henry, Trinity; time, 24 2-5s. Final heat, 
won by R. T. Elliott, Amherst; second, H. H. Sears, 
Dartmouth; third, R. E. Barker, Brown. Time, 23 2-5s. 

2-mile run— Won by A. L. Wright, Brown; second, F. 
A. Tower, Wesleyan; third, H. B. Maybew, M. I. T. 
Time, 10m. 8s. 

Running high jump— Won by I. K. Baxter, Trinity, 
5ft. 7 l-2in.; second, S. S. Lapham, Jr., Brown, 5ft. 6in.; 
third, a tie between E. G. Littell, Trinity, and W. L. 
Butcher, M. I. T., at 5ft. 5in. 

Running broad jump— Won by A. W. Grosvenor, M. I. 
T., 21ft. 6 1-2in.; second, T. W.Chase, Dartmouth, 21ft. 
6 l-2in.; third, E. G. Locke, Amherst. 

Putting 16-pound shot— Won by E. R. Godfrey, Bow- 
doin, 36ft. 9iu.; second, F. Corson, Dartmouth, 35tt. Sin.; 
third, H. W. Clark, Dartmouth, 35ft. 2in. 

The summary of the events aad tbe points won 
by colleges follows, the points being scored on a 
basis of five for a first, three for a second, and one 
for a third. 

a td td g 


100-yard run . 
880-yard run . 
High hurdles 
440-yard run .. 
Mile run ... 
2-mile bicycle 
Low hurdles . 
220-yard run . 
2-mile run . . 
Pole vault . . 


High jump . , 
Hammer . . . , 
Broad jump . 

I £ S 





5 ... 3 

3 6 ... 


... 1 3 

5 3 ... 

... 1 

... 5 ... 

... 1 3 

5 ... 3 


1 ... 5 


3 1 ... 

... 5 

... 5 ... 




2 ... 2 

4 ... 5 

... 3 ... 



... 3 1 

5 ... 



... 1 


29 26 19 114 10 9 8 54 5 3 

At a recent meeting of tbe student body at 
Williams it was decided to put the management of 
athletics in the hands of a committee of nine, com- 
posed of three Faculty, three alumni, and three 
undergraduate members. 

Chicago University now gives credit for attend- 
ance at Sunday-school. The Sunday-school work 
is, however, substantially a course in Bible History, 
the lesson must be carefully prepared, and an exam- 
ination must be passed. 

Something must be done to stir up more enthu- 
siasm in our Y. M. C. A. There should be twice as 
many at the meetings these warm evenings. The 
goers would be benefited and the society would be 
benefited. The Y. M. C. A. meetings should be a 
place wherein every one could express his opinions 
on theological matters. The barriers of custom 
should be removed so that the unprofessed Chris- 
tian could speak freely. The Y. M. C. A. should do 
more than keep the flame aglow in the hearts of 
professed Christians in college. It should foster 
and kindle the Christian flame in the hearts of the 
great mass of the doubtful and uncertain. 

All of which leads up to a subject discussed at a 
recent meeting: "What Christian heroism is and 
does." There are so few heroes in college, so few 
Christian heroes ! You look all about you and there 
is hardly one in sight. He is not the Christian hero 
who, heart and soul enthused, sings the loudest or 
prays the longest — he sacrifices nothing. Doubts, 
fears, and the comments of his fellows never shake 
their ugly fists in his face. Where are the Chris- 
tian heroes? They are here among us, but we 
never notice them in tlie bustle of the work-a-day 
life. Real heroes are never seen by tbe unsympa- 
thetic throng. There is a mock heroism that is like 
unto the genuine only as notoriety is unto fame. 

Frederick C. Leo, 1900, led the meeting Thurs- 
day evening. May 20th. His subject was " Sin- 

Sook ^eviewg. 

(A Slight Romance, by Edith Leverett Dalton. 
Second edition. Damrell & Upham, Boston. ■ 1897.) 

We have just received the second edition of this 
novelette, so much admired and the recipient of so 
much favorable comment, when it first appeared, 
about a year ago. It is not surprising that a second 
edition was warranted, but it will be so if two are 
to satisfy the demand for this picturesque, truo-to- 
life story. Among so much that is being published 
nowadays it is difBcult to cull the wheat from the 
tares, and especially so when the wheat is so modest 
and unassuming; but in the case of "A Slight 
Romance" its unpretentiousness is its charm, and 
that very charm has held and will continue to hold 
a place for itself in the many-sided fiction of to-day. 



The following Bowdoin 
men will deliver papers at 
the forty-fifth annual meeting of the 
Maine Medical Association : Wal- 
lace K. OaUes, M.D., of Auburn, 70, 
on " The Technique of American Sur- 
gery ; " Prof P. C. Robinson, 73, on "New Methods 
of Disinfection;" Walter T. Goodale, M.D., of Saco, 
74, ou " Static Electricity ; " F. N. Whittier, M.D., 
'85, on " Physical Training and its Therapeutical 
Value; " Henry H. Brock, M.D., of Portland, Med., 
'90, on " Hip-Joint Disease." 

'60.— Hon. J. W. Symouds, LL.D., of Portlandj 
has been elected a vice-president of the American 
Unitarian Association. 

'61. — Edward Stanwood, Esq., of Boston, man- 
aging editor of the Youth's Companion, has just 
published a beautiful volume, entitled, " Class of 
1861, Bowdoin College," consisting of half-tone por- 
traits of the survivors of the class, with brief bio- 
graphical sketches. The class graduated fifty-two, 
and sixty-one men in all were connected with it. 
It was graduated at the opening of the war, and 
many of its members entered the service and several 
died in battle. Kenniston was in Libby Prison ou 
the day the class graduated — August 7, 1861. 
Thirty-two men yet survive. Two members of the 
class were breveted general — General Hyde of Bath, 
and General Manning of Lewiston. Eleven of the 
class became lawyers, eleven doctors, six clergymen, 
three editors, and Judge Emery of the Maine 
Supreme Bench was a member of the Class of '61. 
Purber has won a large fortune in Chicago. "Not 
one of the six clergymen of the class could become 
a bishop without changing his faith." Professor 
Feruald of Orono and Professor Packard of Brown 
University, are celebrated specialists of the Class of 
'61. President Carter, formerly of the University 
of Vermont, was educated at Lewiston Falls Acad- 
emy and at Bowdoin. Dr. Dwight Bradford, a 
native of Auburn, died a martyr to duty in New 
York City. Eight members of the class have served 
in state legislatures. The class has nine authors. 
Seven members of the class have married and are 
childless, but the other thirty-eight have become 
the fathers of sixty-five sons and fifty-nine daugh- 

ters, of whom fifty -three sons and forty -five 
daughters are living; twelve of these sons and 
twelve of these daughters have married, and ten 
members of the class are grandfathers and are the 
ancestors of nine grandsons and eleven grand- 
daughters. While but four of the Class of '61 were 
children of college-bred men, thirty-four sons and 
fifteen daughters of the Class of '61 have graduated 
from college, and twenty sons and twelve daughters 
have taken degrees in arts, medicine or science. 
Eight sons of '61 men have entered Bowdoin Col- 
lege, of whom two are yet there. 

Hon., '85.— Judge Charles Wesley Walton, who 
has just retired from the Supreme Judicial Bench 
of Maine, was born at Mexico, December 9, 1819. 
He is the son of Artemas G. and Abigail (Stevens) 
Walton. He received a common school education 
and then learned the printer's trade, at which he 
worked for fourteen years, at Dover, N. H., Paris, 
Me., and Boston, Mass. While working at the case 
he imbibed a taste for study and knowledge and a 
desire to improve his condition in hfe. Accordingly 
he began the study of law as a student in the office 
of the late Isaac Randall of Dixfield, and having 
been admitted to the bar in 1 843, was taken as a 
partner by Mr. Randall. He was soon after this 
time elected successively to the town ofBoos of 
clerk, moderator, agent, selectman, collector, treas- 
urer, and school committeeman. In 1847 he was 
elected county attorney of Oxford County, in which 
position he served four years. Desiring a wider 
field, for practice, in 1855 ho removed to Auburn, 
and became the County Attorney of Androscoggin 
County in 1857. In I860 he was elected to the 
Thirty-seventh Congress, succeeding the Hon. John 
J. Perry. While in Congress he was placed upon 
the committee of private land claims as a recogni- 
tion of his high standing as a lawyer. After serving 
in Congress for over a year he was appointed by 
Governor Washburn to the Supreme Judicial Bench 
of Maine, May 14, 1862, since which time he has 
been appointed without interruption to the present 
month, when he has refused a reappointment. Ho 
has thus served on the bench continuously for 
thirty-five years, a judicial life in excess of any 
other judge who has presided in this court. During 
this long term of service Judge Walton has had as 
associates who are no longer living, Chief Justices 
Appleton and Tenney, and Associate Justices Rice, 
Cutting, Davis, Goodenow, Kent, Dickersou, Fox, 
Barrows, Danforth, Tapley, Virgin, and Libbey. 
This brief sketch cannot be better closed than with 
a few extracts from Charles Hamlin's estimate of 



Judge Walton iu the GreenBag for December, 1895 : 
"To have made himself cue of the ablest lawyers 
ill the state, to have gained a seat on the floor of 
Congress, and to have won and retained the confi- 
dence and respect of bis associates on the bench, 
many of whom have a national reputation, would 
seem to have filled the measure of the printer boy's 
ambition; but a true estimate of his place in the 
history of the Maine bench shows something more — 
a strong judge, of marked individuality, and one 
who has given positive additions, and of permanent 
value, to the body and growth of the law. . . . 
He has ever devoted himself entirely to the business 
of his office, nor suffered his time and attention to 
be distracted by other pursuits. Then add to all 
these things that be is industrious, firm, prompt, 
frank, self-possessed, and not given to wasting bis 
dignity by an over-refined delicacy that often 
weakens and seldom adds to the usefulness of a 
judge." In 1885 be was given the degree of LL.D. 
by Bowdoin College. 

'68. — Dr. Charles A. Ring, in company with 
other Portland physicians, sailed for Europe on 
Saturday, May 22d. 

'75.— The Evening Star of Washington, D.C., 
speaks in the highest terras of the valedictory 
address delivered by Woodbury Pulsifer on his 
graduation from the Medical Department of Colum- 
bian University. Mr. Pulsifer, now of course an 
M.D., received honorary mention for the best gen- 
eral examination for two years, and won the prize 
for his essay on " Nervous Diseases." 

'79.— James C. Tarbos of Monticello, Minn., has 
been appointed by the Governor as judge of the 
new Eighteenth Judicial District. 

The Yale Law School Faculty has accepted a 
prize of $250 worth of books from a publishing 
firm, to be awarded to that Senior voted to be the 
most faithful and successful in his studies. 

Representatives of Harvard, Yale, and Prince- 
ton will respond to toasts at the luncheon of the 
University of Pennsylvania Alumni Society ou 
Alumni Day, June 8th. 

The Yale Navy has received an invitation for Yale 
to enter crews at the annual amateur regatta, to be 
held in Hamburg, Germany, on July I7th and 18th. 

The Class of '85 of Wells College, the class Mrs. 
Cleveland belongs to, will present a handsome 
stained glass window to its Alma Mater, The 
subject of the window is " The Dawn." 

There was an average attendance of 6,000 per- 
sons at the games played at the University of 
Pennsylvania last fall. 

The base-ball debt at Cornell has been announced 
as $1,300; the naval deficit, $600; and the foot-ball 
surplus, $2,600. 

Another American professor has been honored 
in Europe. Tbis time it is J. W. Gibbs, Professor 
of Mathematical Physics at Yale. He has been 
elected a member of the Royal Society of London, 
an honor hitherto conferred on only six Americans. 

Vassar College has recently received a gift of 
some exceedingly rare and valuable books. There 
are only nine of them altogether, but they are 
worth at least $2,000. 

The Central Debating League has been estab- 
lished in the West, comprising the universities of 
Michigan, Chicago, Wisconsin, and Northwestern. 

Hon. William L. Wilson has been elected Presi- 
dent of Washington and Lee University to succeed 
Gen. G. W. C. Lee, who has resigned. Mr. Wilson 
is a graduate of Columbia College, Washington, 
D. C, and was at one time President of the West 
Virginia University. 

The Princeton Faculty may forbid games in 
base-ball or foot-ball being played on Saturday on 
account of a resolution adopted by the Presbytery 
condemning Sunday desecration by the students, 
following Saturday's games. 

By a bill passed in the last Legislature, the 
preparatory department of the West Virginia Uni- 
versity will be abolished in three years. 

A library, with a capacity of 75,000 volumes, is 
to be erected for Franklin and Marshall College. 

The will of the late Edward Drinker Cope, Pro- 
fessor of zoology and comparative anatomy in the 
University of Pennsylvania, bequeaths about $100,- 
000 to that institution for the establishment of a 
chair of vertebrate paleontology in the Philadelphia 
Academy of Natural Science. 


Vol. XXVII. 


No. 4. 





Percival p. Baxter, '98, Editor-in-Chief. 

EOY L. Marston, '99, Assistant Editor-in-Chief. 

William H. Crafts, 1900, Business Manager. 

Thomas L. Marble, '98. Harold F. Dana, '99. 

LuciEN P. LiBBY, '99. Fred E. Marsh, '99. 

Byron S. Philoon, '99. Hanson H. Webster, '99. 

James P. Webber, 1900. 

Per annum, in advance, $2.00. 

Single Copies, 15 Cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at the boolistores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Manager. 

Remittances should be made to the Business Manager. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Editor-in-Chief. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Bowdoin Verse Department should be sent 
to Box 960, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should be sent to Box 915, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post-06Bce at Branswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 
Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston. 


Vol. XXVII., No. 4.— June 16, 1897. 

Editorial Notes 43 

'98's Ivy Day 44 

Oration 45 

Poem 47 

Address of Class President 48 

Presentations and Kesponses 49 

Ivy Hop 57 

CoLLEGii Tabula 57 

Athletics 59 

Personal . 64 

In Memoriam 65 

College World 65 

Another Ivy Day has come and gone, 
and another successful celebration has been 
added to the long list of those already chron- 
icled in the annals of Bowdoin. The exer- 
cises are always interesting, and the custom 
is one that is bound to survive as long as 
"Bowdoin is old Bowdoin." The Class of 
'98 is to be congratulated u[)on its after- 
noon's programme, and especially upon its 
hop. The full text of the oration, poem, and 
responses is to be found in the columns 
of this issue. All departments of this issue 
have been shortened so as to allow the Ivy 
Exercises to be printed in full. 

yiTHE remodeling of certain of our dormi- 
■^ tories seems at last an assured fact. 
Plans have been made, contractors have been 
looking over the ground, and the authorities 
seem to be in earnest. The sooner this is 
done, the better; old buildings are not con- 
ducive to good order and proper care, in fact 
they do not breed respect. New, well-kept 
dormitories will exert a refining influence 
upon their occupants, a much greater influ- 
ence than one would think. Certain boister- 
ous practices now in vogue will disappear at 
once upon the remodeling of the "ends," 
and this result can not come too quickly. 



BOWDOIN'S base-ball season has eiideil, 
and ended honorably. Although we 
have not won the pennant, we have played 
first-class ball and have upheld the honor of 
the college from start to finish. It is not 
everything to win the pennant, the main 
point is to play good ball and fight for every 
point; that we have done with but one or 
two exceptions, and the college should be 
and is satisfied. We may console ourselves 
with the news that as long as we are not to 
win, no team has won ; we have by no means 
been left in the race. The situation in the 
league is this: Colby, by refusing to play 
U. of M. again at Waterville, has ignored 
the decision of the league managers, and 
therefore is no longer a member of the league. 
The decision of the managers is final. Thus 
the three other colleges remain, and since 
each has split even with each of the other 
colleges, there is a triple tie for the pennant. 
This will not be played, as Bowdoin has dis- 
banded and all games must have been played 
before June 12th. Thus we end the season, 
having played good ball both in the league 
and out, but not having always played win- 
ning ball. Financially the season has been 
successful, as will be seen by the report 
of the manager, published in another column 
of the Orient. As a whole the season has 
been very satisfactory, and though we have 
played in harder luck than last year, we have 
played better ball. 

All know what has been accomplished in 
track athletics and tennis. Both associations 
have been most capably managed, and both 
have finished the season not only honorably, 
but most successfully. Surely this spring's 
athletics have been a credit not only to the 
teams but also to the college. 

The will of Mrs. Sarah Van Nostrand of Jack- 
sonville, Fla., who died March 29th, leaves $25,000 
to Tale University and $5,000 to the General Theo- 
logical Seminary of New York. 

98'§ Ivy Dag. 

FRIDAY, June Uth, was observed as 98's 
Ivy Day, and as everything depended 
upon beautiful weather, many hearts were 
made glad when the morning dawned bright 
and clear. For days and weeks it has rained 
incessantly, and until midnight Thursday it 
still continued. The weather-man evidently 
took pity upon '98, and gave them a pleasant 
forenoon, at least. During the forenoon the 
campus was a scene of life and gaiety ; knots 
of visitors could be seen insiiecting the build- 
ings and grounds, and everything and every- 
body seemed in a state of eager expectation. 
Everything passed smoothly, both the exer- 
cises of the afternoon and the evening's hop. 
At about the time for the exercises of the 
afternoon to commence, however, the weather- 
man rebelled, and light sun-showers de- 
scended; these went and came intermit- 
tently during the afternoon, and by evening 
had settled into a steady rain, which, how- 
ever, did not dampen the enthusiasm of the 
afternoon, nor lessen the attendance of the 
evening. At a little after three o'clock 
the Juniors, under the marshalship of Ives, 
marched slowly down the center aisle of 
Memorial and took their seats upon the 
stage. These evolutions were very creditably 
performed, not a mistake being made, and 
great credit is due the Marshal. The follow- 
ing programme, occupying about two hours, 
was carried out, and the parts were well 
received by the audience. The Germania 
Orchestra of Boston furnished the music, 
which was of a high order. 'Ninety-eight is 
to be congratulated upon its successful per- 

The programme was : 




R. R. Morson. 
W. W. Lawrence. 





Address by President. 

Athlete— Dumb-bell. 
Dig — Spade. 
Sport — Diamond. 
Baclislider — Spurs. 
Criminal — Handcuffs. 
Popular Man — Wooden Spoon. 

T. L. Marble. 
A. B. White. 

W. P. McKown. 

G. H. Sturgis. 

C. C. Williamson. 

F. A. Hamlin. 

P. P. Baxter. 

W. W. Spear. 



Br William "Witherle Lawrence. 

As we stand to-day upon the threshold of a new 
century, and consider the progress which our nation 
has made since the time when the victories of the 
Revolution gave a new birth to liberty in America, 
we may well feel a thrill of patriotic pride in the 
thought that we are citizens of a country so pros- 
perous, free, and enlightened. Our government 
embodies the highest type of republicanism, and 
the oppressed in foreign nations tnru their eyes 
longingly toward our shores, and find refuge under 
our flag. The curse of slavery has departed from 
ns, and the horrors of war have left- our borders 
undisturbed for more than thirty years. The prod- 
ucts of American industry are Ijnown over the 
civilized world. Science, with its marvelous reve- 
lations, has nowhere found more earnest and suc- 
cessful students than here in the United States. 
Nor have arts and letters been neglected. The 
country which claims as its own the inventions of 
Fulton, Morse, and Edisun, can [joint with pride to 
the achievements of Emerson and Longfellow. 
Politically, socially, iiidustiially, and morally, we 
enjoy a degree of prosperity which has been vouch- 
safed to few nations since the world began. 

A great scholar once declared poi)ular education 
to be the surest means of attaining national happi- 
ness. The truth of this saying is perfectly illus- 
trated in our own history. The past century has 
witnessed a i-apid increase and development of 
educational institutions, fi-om the common school to 
the university. The demand foi- higher instruction 
has brought with it more ailvanced methods and a 
more liberal course of study. The lower schools 
are laying a more solid foundation for that higher 
knowledge which university training alone can give. 
An educational system of such efficacy camiot fail 
to exercise a strong influence upon the growth of our 
national literature, as well as upon public moi'als and 

public enlightenment. It may be said that no single 
factor has had greater power in developing and 
molding American letters than the college. It is 
the college which gives form and finish to elemen- 
tary education; it is the college which gives the 
power of truest e.xpression to the author and poet, 
and ripens the noblest fruits of genius. 

A hundred years ago America could show no 
great achievements in literature. The country was 
still English in its manners and customs. The 
theological works of Jonathan Edwards and Cotton 
Mather were rather the result of transplanted British 
thought than of any original New-World ideas. It 
was not until after the Revolution that a truly dis- 
tinctive American literature sprang into existence. 
Then the spirit of the times found expression in the 
strong, homely prose of Franklin, and the rugged 
eloquence of Washington. Successful writing was 
difficult in those days, when the schooling necessary 
for a mastery of the elements of learning was hard 
to obtain. Harvard College was then little more 
than a large high school. But with the new impulse 
breathed into education later on came a new birth, 
of literary achievement, when Irving, Cooper, and 
Bryant made American prose and verse known and 
loved at home and abroad. They were educated 
rather in the school of life than by acquaintance 
with the arts acquired by study. Emerson was the 
first great American author to receive a college 
education, but our later men of letters have been, 
in the main, college graduates. Among the greatest 
are Longfellow^ and Hawthorne, sons of our own 
Alma Mater, while with them there stand Holmes, 
Lowell, Thoreau, Prescott, Parkman, and a multi- 
tude of others, men of less transcendent genius.- 
Thus we SCO, in reviewing our history iluring the 
past century, that the development of the college, 
co-oxistent with the growth of our national litera- 
ture, has exerted upon it a considerable influence. 

Whether this influence is as strong now as it has 
been in the past is a question for posterity to decide. 
It is evident, however, that at the present day 
undergraduates take far less interest in literary 
matters than they did thirty years ago. Formerly 
the college existed solely to impart knowledge, 
especially to give an acquaintance with the best 
thoughts of the master-minds of the world. To 
the better accomplishment of this object the stu- 
dents voluntarily devoted a large part of their 
leisure time. The curriculum was classical rather 
than scientific. There were few distractions. Most 
men stayed away from college if they did not sym- 
pathize with its aims. At the present day>ll this 



is changed. Tbe wonderful progress made in 
invention ,ind discovery has given anew impetus to 
science, so that young men of to-day malie a study 
of tbis rather than the literary branches. At the 
same time there have arisen a multitude of outside 
interests to distract the attention of the undergrad- 
uates, the greater number of which may be included 
under athletics. When athletic sports are so spec- 
ialized as to become almost professional in their 
character, it is inevitable that other things should 
suffer. But wo cannot, nn the v\hole, feel dissatisfied 
at tliese changes. The broader view, the more prac- 
tical character of the course of study, the greater 
attention paid to physical health, are all advances 
in the march of education. Our eagerness for the 
practical to the exclusion of the ideal is character- 
istic of tbe times we live in. It will not do, however, 
to neglect the old in our infatuation for the new; 
to allow the blazing light of science to conceal from 
our eyes the pure, steady flame of literature. 

The consideration of the influence of the college 
upon American letters, and of the importance of 
encouraging literary activity among undergraduates, 
brings up the practical question of how the best 
results in this line are to be attained during college 
life. The circumstances which tend to repress such 
activity have just been noted. But when these 
circumstances have been wholly or partly removed, 
in tbe course of time, something more than mere 
passive attention will be necos.sary to make litera- 
ture the vital force it ought to bo in the college. 
It is not enough to study and appreciate other 
men's work, however fine; what is necessary is 
active creative effort— the expression of whatever 
worthy original thought may come to us. There is 
scarcely any man who does not, now and then, have 
an idea which he would like to have perpetuated, 
one which ho feels would be interesting or helpful 
to his fellow-men. In the majority of cases the 
attempt to put tho thought into words is not 
made, or, if it is made, it results in failure. The 
reason is not far to seek. Lack of practice causes 
lack of success. A man may be educated,— familiar 
with the best ideas of others, but if he has not 
learned to express himself in a graceful, concise, 
logical way, he has wasted a large part of his advan- 
tages. The only way of ensuring good fruits of 
literature in mature life is to insist upon creative 
cftbrt and the cultivation of the art of expression 
in collegiate days. So, above all things, let us have 
more of this individual work, not so much for pub- 
lication or exhibition, not so much for influencing 
others at the present time, as for the development 

of the student, whose riper productions in later life 
may prove a source of help to his fellow-men. 

One of the greatest obstacles to the attainment 
of success in writing is the difficulty of producing 
any truly oiiginal work. A rehash of other men's 
ideas interests the world but little. It may seem a 
hopeless task to create anything really original. 
Before the beginning of the Christian era it was a 
maxim among men that there was nothing new 
under the sun. Consider the work of the world's 
greatest geniuses, however. Who shall say that 
Shakespeare, Dante, Goethe, Milton, and Words- 
worth were not original, or that they attained success 
by the expression of any other thought than that 
which they found in their own minds? Emerson 
tells us that even history is subjective, so that 
Thucydides was as much of a thinker as Plato. 
Each century has brought its own great masters, 
making an unbroken line from Homer down to our 
owii times. The mind of man is as active as it ever 
was, and will ever express itself in new forms. To 
the most peifect results in this expression of thought 
the college is tho guide and help. But we must 
beware of mistaking influences for impulses. Books 
and reading, for instance, are of the greatest value 
as a means of training and as an inspiration and 
incentive to study, but they are not the sources 
whence we should derive the ideas which form the 
key-note of our work. Tho greatest thinker whom 
America has ever produced said: "I had better 
never see a book than to be warped by its attraction 
clean out of my own orbit, and made a satellite 
nistead of a system." It is because Emerson fol- 
lowed out this principle consistently that we value 
his writings to-day. Nature, Life, and Thought are 
the three great store-houses from which tho creative 
mind gets its material. Thinking men in all ages 
have realized this; the cry of "Back to Nature!" 
is no new one. Not only is it uttered by many of 
the best minds of our own day, but it found a mighty 
apostle in Wordsworth, and it was re-urged by 
Rossetti and the pie-Raphaelites. When, therefore, 
the college man has learned to find his thoughts in 
himself and his surroundings, rather than in books 
and other men's dicta, then, and oidy then, will he be 
able to produce some truly valuable work. 

The consistent adherence to high ideals is most 
important in securing strength and endurance to 
the literature of any nation. The nervous hurry 
and scramble for wealth, so characteristic of our 
own day, are by no moans favorable to care and 
conscientiousness. Tho world is full of authors 
who, having made a success of some one meritorious 



work, have, on the strength of that, flooded the 
bookstores with inferior productions, carelessly 
written. Such work proves demoralizing to author 
and reader alike. A literature of pot-boilers is 
worse than none at all. Whether it be a man's 
ambition to 

" Give to barrows, trays, and pans 
Grace and glimmer of romance," 

or to describe the highest and holiest passions of 
mankind, let him give forth only his best, destroying 
his work rather than making public something 
beneath his talents. If every man would set up an 
ideal and follow it conscientiously, the coming cen- 
tury would indeed be the golden age of American 
arts and letters. 

We are the makers of twentieth-century litera- 
ture. The Longfellow, the Emerson, or the Haw- 
thorne of to-morrow is, perchance, here in our 
midst at Bowdoin. Certain it is that college walls 
now enclose many who will win honor and glory in 
the years to come. Side by side with them, to be 
sure, stand those whose names will he unknown 
when the roll of fame is called, who will have left 
behind them the record of no lofty achievement, 
but who will have lived lives none the less noble 
than those of their more fVimous comrades,— lives 
of integrity and industry, lives which give to their 
country the power to stand fast in the hour of 
adversity, and to rise pre-eminent among the 
nations of the world. But who can say which man 
will be renowned and which obscure f Those who 
have given the greatest promise in youth have 
often failed when the time came to fight the battle 
of life; those who seemed the dullest and the 
poorest have risen to be the first minds of the age. 
Fame is not within the reach of all men, but the 
opportunity to live honestly and uprightly, however 
low in station, is offered freely to each and all. 
Through such living success in arts and letters 
will be all the brighter, if it comes, while if it comes 
not, a life of unsullied integrity will be in itself an 
achievement none the less noble. In the past, 
Bowdoin has gained an honored name for sons 
distinguished in literature, science, and statesman- 
ship. It rests with us to perpetuate that glorious 
record in the future, and in our later life to show, 
by making the best use of the knowledge and 
experience gained here, that the influence of the 
college is a strong one, not alone upon American 
literature and American learning, but in the foster- 
ing and development of those sterling old Puritaii 
virtues upon which rest the foundations of our 
modern civilization. 

By Thomas Littlkfield Marble. 
'Twas night; its lullaby the evening breeze 
Had sung to drooping flowers, majestic trees. 
And now all nature yielded to its sway; 
The moon o'er slumb'ring earth now cast her ray, 
And as Night's sentinel her vigil kept ; 
Succumbing to the potent spell, calm slept 
The Junior. Visions of the future clear 
Before him rise; fleet fantasies appear, 
And storied myths and wond'rous legends seem 
Realities. This was the Junior's dream : 

Commotion on Olympus raged, 

And naught the gods' great grief assuaged ; 

Melpomene, the lyric Muse, 

Had brought from earth most direful news, 

And o'er the gods' snow-crowned abode 

The deities in anger strode. 

Majestic Jove high raised his hand ; 

All mutely waited his command ; 

With shame Apollo bowed his head. 

As these grave words the Father said : 

' O King of Muses ! hide thy face ; 
Eternal is thy deep disgrace ; 
Time was when poets lived and sung 
Inspired lays mankind among ; 
Now in the poet's lowly mind 

Ye gentle Muses hold no place ; 
True poetry is dead, I find. 

Melpomene, please state your case." 

Out from the council of the gods 

The lyric Muse swift stept, 
And o'er her Grecian countenance 
The flush of anger crept. 
' O mighty gods! 'tis true," she said, 
' The love of poetry has fled 
From human hearts. You doubt it? Well, 
Pray listen to the tale I tell. 

'The Bowdoin Juniors soon, forsooth. 

Their Ivy Day will celebrate, 
And they a most prosaic youth 

Have chosen for their laureate. 
Unlettered and to fame unborn. 
He fain would scale fair Helicon, 
And steal the art of poetry ! " 
So spoke the Muse, Melpomene. 

Scarce on the air her tones had died, 
Wlien Jove arose and thus replied : 
' Howe'er unjust the case appears. 
Sweet goddess, prithee calm thy fears ; 



For this poor bard, the Fates decree, 
Bj' greater fame eclipsed shall be. 

" Fair Bovvdoin, blessed with tender love ! 

A mother ne'er forlorn ! 
Whom Time, a loyal son hath said. 

Touched only to adorn. 
Tho' great the glory of thy past. 
Thy future stands secure and fast 

Upon the scrolls of Fate, 
And in the shadow of thy fame 
Unknown shall be the luckless name 

Of this poor laureate. 

" Bowdoin, thy sons shall win renown 

Throughout the mortal race. 
And statesman, soldier, bard, and sage 

Thine honored rolls shall grace ; 
But first amongst the noble throng 
Of men far-fomed by deed and song, 
Shall stand — so reads the Book of Fate — 
The happy Class of 'Ninety-eight. 

"And as the ivy which they plant 

Upon their festal day, 
Shall gently 'round thy hallowed walls 

Its creeping tendrils lay. 
So when, inspired by love that lies 
Within their souls, thy sons shall rise 

To heights of boundless fame. 
The fibers of their hearts shall be 
Close-twined about the memory. 

Fair Bowdoin, of thy name." 

The Father ceased. O'er that array 
Of deities calm silence lay. 
As thus great Jove foretold the fate 
Of Bowdoin and of 'Ninety-eight; 
And as the prophecy he spoke. 
The vision lied. The Junior woke. 

'Twas morn ; the song ot birds with sweetness rife 
Had roused old Mother Earth from sleep to life, 
And now all future fancies once so clear 
Within the morning light swift disappear; 
Yet who shall boldly say the dreams of night 
May not in alter days be clear and bright 
Realities ? Who dares in earnest deem 
The Junior's vision but an empty dream ? 

By Alfked B. White. 

Ladies and Gentlemen, Friends of the Class of 

'Ninety-Eight : 

It is my very fortunate privilege to welcome you 

in behalf of the class to the exercises of this, 'Niuety- 

eigbt's Ivy Day. We invite you to join heartily 

with us in celebrating this event, which is one of 
the happiest in our college course. There are 
many feasts and festivals in our life here at Bow- 
doin, but Ivy Day is the day of days, and its exer- 
cises are the source of much pleasure for us. This 
day marks the close of three of the happiest years 
of our lives, and while we are sad when we think 
of it, we cannot resist the powerful feelings of joy 
that I'ise spontaneously within us. Ivy Day! Here 
at last. After waiting three whole years for it we 
should feel happy. 

Some of you may uot know how and why Ivy 
Day was first celebrated. To you I shall say that 
away back iu the dim ages of the past the Class of 
'66, in its Senior year, held the first Ivy exercises 
at Bowdoin and planted the ivy iu order that the 
vine, green and sturdy, might remind undergrad- 
uates in after years of the glorious Class of '60. It 
is pleasant for us all to know that our own Professor 
Chapman wrote the Ivy Ode on that occasion. 
Since tliat time few classes have neglected to follow 
'66's si)leiulid example, and for over twenty years 
every class lias left here a sturdy, insistent memorial 
in the ivy vine. 

This tells you a little of the custom and its 
origin; now I wish to introduce to you the class 
that observes it to-day. 

All these fine, noble, gentlemanly students are 
members of tho Class of '98. This class is undoubt- 
edly the keenest, brightest, and most powerful one 
that ever entci'ed Bowdoin. From our very first 
moment on this campus, Faculty and students alike 
have recognized what a power wc are, and during 
our college course nothing of any importance has 
been done here without first consulting tho wishes 
of '98. All this respect has been shown us purely 
on account of our natural worth, and for no other 

We entered Bowdoin in the fall of 1894, not the 
green, gullible Freshmen of whom you hear so 
much, but a class of 59 polished young men. There 
might have been 125 members in our class, but 
Professor Moody does not believe in large classes, 
so after he had passed 60 of us he conditioned all 
the other ajiplicants. During our first year we got 
along very pleasantly ; everything came our way 
but the ball game, and it was uot Sawyer's fault 
that we didn't get that. Our peanut drunk and 
foot- ball game are surely wortliy of mention, for we 
made a very creditable showing in both. 

Winter term found us with but 56 members, 
Cleaves and Morrill having left us on account of 
ill-health, and Kaler because the Sophomores cut 



his hair. We managed to worry along without 
them through along, uneventful winter term. During 
spring term we once for all demonstrated our ability 
to control the proceedings of this institution. I will 
explain. For several ycai's it bad been the custom 
for the two lower classe.'^ to hold a boat race on the 
morning of Ivy Day. It had also been the custom 
for the Junior Class to sell its sludl to the Freshmen, 
making fifty or seventy-five dollars by the transac- 
tion. '96 expected to do this very thing, but, strange 
to say, our class had a serious aversion to boating, 
and so '96 has quite a valaable shell down in the 
boat-house. Dui'ing Freshman year we were care- 
fully watered and cultivated, and doubtless this 
treatment did much toward making us the clean, 
upright class you see before you. 

When we became Sophomores it devolved upon 
us to initiate '99 into the mysteries of college life, 
and we did it so well that I have no hesitation in 
saying that '99 follows '98 more closely than any 
other class in college. We met with some very 
serious losses about this time, for on Thanksgiving 
day, 1895, Harry Raymond Mclntire severed his 
connection with our class. He was mourned by all 
who knew him — Faculty, students, and towns- 
people. Poor Mac, we have missed you ! And why 
not? Were you not our §10,000 beauty from Saco, 
and did you not have an addition put on the Lyons 
House so you could bring your clothes to Bruns- 
wick? And Hamilton — Harry Harmon Hamilton — 
we have missed you too ! You were the only 
member of the class who could read Latin and 
Greek out of your Trigonometry. 

Our drill squad, which bad bard luck Freshman 
year, did itself proud on its second appearance, and 
since that time has never been defeated. In all 
branches of athletics our class has always been a 
leading one. Kendall, Stanwood, Spear, Ives, Dana, 
and Pettengill will be remembered on account of 
their prowess in athletics long after this class has 

But athletics is not the only side of a man's 
character that should be developed. We are told 
that the mind should be occasionally looked after. 
Very soon after we entered Bowdoin we realized 
that there was oue custom observed here that was 
very injurious to the moral development of the 
students. I refer to horn concert. Early in Fresh- 
man year our class voted not to observe horn con- 
cert, and wo had the courage to stand by our vote. 
I sincerely hope that horn concert will never be 
sung again. 

Sophomore year closed in a blaze of glory, a 
wonderfully gorgeous time, and not one of us can 
over forget "Skeet's" set-up. 

During Junior year we have continued our 
triumphal march of conquest, and we now sit 
before you a truly wonderful class. Jim Verrill and 
Bumiie Webster have left us for other fields of 
labor, and we are therefore somewhat crippled; but 
here we are, and look closely, for you may never see 
such a sight again. 

It may seem to you that I have been a bit 
egotistical in my history, but I assure you that I 
have not. We know our weak points as well as 
any one; for instance, we never could play base- 
ball, and our turkey supper was not a great success. 
But consider the results we have brought about and 
I am sure that you will all agree with me when I say 
that we are a wonderful, yea, a marvelous class. 

I have but mentioned a few of our achievements, 
spoken by way of introduction, so that you may 
know what sort of a class we are. And now that 
you know something of us as a class, I shall bring 
before you a few of our more noticeable and famous 
individuals and make a few presentations. 

As '98 is such an athletic class it is only natural 
that our greatest athlete be honored. It was little 
trouble for nie to decide who should be the lucky, 
man, for every one in college knows that there is 
one member of tlio class who stands head and 
shoulders above every one else in all kinds of ath- 
letic work. 

Mr. Wendell Phillips McKown, ever since your 
entrance here, you have manifested, in a modest 
way, your wonderful powers. You have taken part 
in all kinds of in- and out-door sports, and have 
done more than any other member of the class to 
keep the blue and white on top. I take great 
pleasure, therefore, in presenting to you, in behalf 
of the class, this little token. I know that it is too 
small to be of any use to you in your training, but 
perhaps you can use it as an ornament. 

Mr. McKown said: 

Mr. President and Fellow- Classmates: 

I thank you most heartily for this recognition of 
my superb physical ability. This little dumb-bell, 
an appropriate present indeed, will I cherish as a 
memento of your wisdom in the selection of a class 
athlete. This distinction in our noble class must 
be and is an honorable one in the eyes of all intelli- 



gent people, for we are a class of athletes, having 
in our midst men such as Sturgis, Hills, and innu- 
merable others. 

Fellow-classmates, many have been the rivalries 
for this honor that you ha-ve bestowed upon me; 
many have been the diOiculties which I have suc- 
cessfully overcome, and now, when they have finally 
disappeared, I look back with admiration and 
regard upon my perseverance. 

Let me bring to your notice some of my most 
important rivals. There were Williamson and Law- 
rence, the only two men in the whole class compar- 
able with me iu excellency of physique, but they 
have long since sunk into obscurity. There was 
Pettengill,a mauof a jealous and selfish disposition, 
who, when he had learned that a majority of the class 
was iu favor of electing me squad-leader for the 
athletic exhibition of our Freshman year, struck 
me down with an Indian-club. He was elected to 
the much-coveted position while I lay uncouscious, 
for it was three weeks before I regained my senses 
again, and then I was awakened by a dream, in 
which 1 seemed to hear some one saying that he 
had just come from a recitation in Political Econ- 
omy, and that not a man had left the I'oom during 
the whole hour. Who wonders that I was immedi- 
ately awakened ? What more startling or surpris- 
ing thing could have happened? 

Enough for my rivals. I must now speak of 
myself, though I am far too modest to recount to 
you the many miraculous feats which I have per- 
formed. I pass through space like a cannon-ball. 
I have broken the world's record in the seven-yards 
dash, having performed this in the marvellous time 
of one-fifth of a second, over a vertical course, 
starting at a window in Maine Hall. My wind 
became nearly exhausted iu this event, for the finish 
was an extremely hard one. 

Mr. President, I ask you, is not this a record of 
which any man may be; rightfully proud? Is not 
this a record for which I should be rewarded, and 
rewarded as I have been to-day? 

My career in base-ball and foot-ball need not be 
recalled to the memory of any one, for my successes 
in these branches of athletics have been so numer- 
ous and so brilliant that my name has ever been 
before the public notice. 

It is as an all-around athlete that I stand here 
to-day. What a wonderful figure I must present 
to the eye ! I have been trying to make arrange- 
ments with the class, so that I might have some 
light weights, of about two thousand pounds each. 

with which I would give a short exhibition. All 
attempts to gain their consent were fruitless, and 
so I am left hero, having nothing but this little 
dumb-bell, and an inferior command of the English 
language, to explain to you my remarkable ability. 
If I should tell you that I could easily raise five 
thousand pounds from the floor, you would not 
believe it, and so with all my feats— the only way 
to believe them possible is to see thom. 

You may now want to know wliat I intend to do 
after leaving college. This I have not yet definitely 
decided. There are many channels open to nio in 
whicli I could not fail to meet with the greatest 
success. I shall probably establish a school of 
instructinn for athletes. In this I would build up a 
world-wide reputation, and would attract the atten- 
tion of all the notables of the land, and perhaps 
that of Professor Hutchins, which my ability has 
failed to accomplish thus far. 

Mr. President, the only feeling which I can have 
toward.s you and our noble class is a feeling of 
gratitude. I consider myself at present the hap- 
piest man on earth ; happiest, because I have 
received an honor which time cannot erase. In 
the future I shall always sleep with this token of 
your esteem under my pillow, that I may never 
forget dear old Bowdoin and the Class of 'Ninety- 
eight, not even in my dreams. 

Mr. White: 

I have been greatly troubled in deciding who 
is our class dig, for we are all very studious. I 
asked each member of the class separately, but 
each man claimed the honor for himself. The 
instructors have their favorites, so I could learn 
nothing from them. For a long time I was afraid 
our class had no dig, but I was very fortunately 
aided by a disinterested party in a rather curious 
way. One night I had a dream ; I saw an angel, a 
beautiful, radiant being, seated upon a cool, mossy 
bank ; I was at once reminded of Welch, on the 
trip to Cathance. The angel seemed to be drawing 
cards out of an urn. I approached and learned 
that she was the angel of divination. Upon learn- 
ing my desire she agreed to decide for me who was 
the dig of the Class of '98. At first she chose 
Mclntire, but I told her "Mac" had left us; then 
she chose Webster, but Webster had gone too. On 
the third trial she chose Sturgis, aud so he is our 
class dig. 

Mr. Guy Hayden Sturgis, Fate has chosen you 
as the dig of our class, and therefore, I present to 



you this spade as an emblem of tho perseverance 
and grit you have always manifested, particularly 
in your studies. 


Mr. Sturgis said : 
Mr. President and Classmates: 

It is with a feeling of great pride aud satisfac- 
tion that I receive this little token of your high 
and just appreciation of my labors while in this dear 
old Alma Mater of ours. You have called me 
" class dig," and rightly, for who among my class- 
mates assembled here dares dispute my claim to that 
title or let even a single spark of jealousy kindle in 
his breast ? 

Faithfully and diligently, Mr. President, have I 
striven to make myself worthy of this title. Sparing 
neither time or labor, have I slowly but surely dug 
my way to this hour of fame and glory. Can it be 
true? Class Dig! How my heart throbs with 
pleasure as I hear these words ! But, friends, I was 
destined for this honor. For, when a mere child, I 
only needed a spade, a pail, and a stretch of sandy 
beach to be in a perfectly blissful little world of 
my own. ' 

Years have swept by, and never has this peculiar 
trait left me, but clinging like a brother, won mo 
world-wide fame as a "digger." No man nor boy 
was ray equal. In rain or shine I never tired of my 
little spade, and the amount of Mother Earth 
upturned by my tireless energy was simply im- 

The sage men predicted a glorious future for me, 
when I had hardly reached the tender age of fifteen, 
for even then I was the champion "potato digger" 
of my native hamlet. The young men and boys 
also looked up to me with honor and respect, for 
where was there a person who could unearth the 
dainty angle-worm with such speed and skill as I? 
But those happy days soon passed by. and I, a mere 
stripling, came to this dear old town of Brunswick 
to commence life as a Freshman. 

Hardly had I passed my exams before my dig- 
ging inclination was noticed and commented on. 
Upper-classmen were simply compelled to grant me 
due respect, and with willing hands did they heap 
upon me tokens of their esteem. Not a Sophomore 
who was not really anxious to do me a favor. They 
allowed me to bring their w'ater, dodge their water, 
or receive it. But life is short and time is fleeting, 
so, having always before my eyes the title with 

which I am to-day honored, I silently and zealously 
kept digging at my books. 

I didn't receive any direct reward for my noble 
conduct, till part of my Sophomore year had 
elapsed. Then it came, and with a rush. 

Beneath me, in that dear old hall called by the 
masses North Winthrop, but by me " Home," room 
two dear friends of mine, the " Tutors," men who, 
as their title signifies, usually are of a boisterous 
temperament and a bit inclined to be wild; men 
who, for all their wickedness, are tender-hearted as 
snow-white doves, yet bold as African lions, unselfish 
to a fault, and whose only thought is that of pleas- 
ing others. 

Such were my neighbors from below. Now these 
two young men had long been disturbed lest my 
close application to study should seriously injure 
my health. So one autumn eve, as the clock was 
striking out an early hour, the " Tutors," hearing 
the leaves of my book rustle as I thumbed the 
well-worn pages, and thinking that it was finally 
time I was warned against bringing about my own 
ruin, noiselessly and carefully tiptoed up the stairs 
and approached my room. 

Surrounded by books, and burning, as usual, my 
midnight oil, I heard a gentle rapping and a tapping 
at ray chamber door. It opened, and my visitors 
walked in. Clad in their "robes des chambres,"' 
they advanced to my desk and made their errand 
known. They counseled me to desist from such 
conduct and change my habits. They told me how 
dangerous to my health was such a course, and left 
me a sadder and wiser boy. But 'twas vain, for 
.still I kept a digging and a plugging, never letting 
the vision of my present honor and future glory 
leave my sight. 

Now, the wise men say that "A deed well 
begun is half done," and the world acknowledges it. 
So to-day, as I look back on my boyhood days and 
feel that they have been spent in a manner worthy 
of nothing but the highest praise, then look into the 
future, and plan for a life of fame and fortune, I 
truly feel that my life's work is half done. Aud, 
friends, it is with a feeling of deepest regret and com- 
passion that I look into the bright faces of such men 
as our dear little "Robbie" Morson and "Mellie" 
Loring, and remember that their lives have been 
one endless round of pleasure and dissipation, that 
their time in college has been spent in idleness, 
and, perhaps, vice. 

But, classmates, we cannot all be saints, and as 
Dame Fortune has granted to me alone that privi- 



lege, why uot, you who feel the need, reform, take 
me as an example, and become honored and 
respected as your humble servant now is. 

Mr. President, again let me tender you my 
heart-felt thanks, and assure you that my desire 
for glory while in college is satiated, tliat this little 
spade shall be dearer to me than gold, and that the 
memory of this day, celebrated by our glorious Class 
of '98, will be one of the pleasantest recollections 
of my life. 

Mr. White: 

Shakespeare said : 

" I do not know the man I should avoid 
So soon as that spare Cassius." 
Now Shakespeare never knew our Cassius, for if he 
bad he would never have written those lines. Our 
class sport is just the fellow not to avoid ; he is just 
the chap we all want to meet as often as possible. 

Mr. Williamson, a sport should, according to the 
accepted rules, possess a very large flashing jewel 
for prominent display. I was unable to get the dia- 
mond I desired, but peihaps you may value this 
one as highly as any I could obtain. 


Mr. Williamson said : 
Mr. President : 

It has justly been said of many great men that 
they awoke one delightful morning to find them- 
selves famous. Great, indeed, must have been their 
pleasure at realizing themselves thus afloat on the 
vast sea of popular favor. Yet how much more 
satisfaction and pleasure do I experience on this 
glorious occasion, coming, as I have, through these 
long years of rivalry and strife, to a position envied 
by every one ; for I stand before you to-day the 
most famous of the great. 

Anxiously have I waited for this moment, this 
supreme moment of my college life, when I might 
present myself to the world as king of the sportiest 
of the sports. 

It would indeed be difficult for me to portray to 
you the exact time at which 1 started in this pro- 
fession. Profession, yes, for I have in it a profession, 
an ideal, before which everything else vanishes as 
speedily as does every sound before the sonorous 
voice of our Class Saviour, Mr. Welch. 

After plodding wearily along for these years I 
fully realize that I have now come to a position 

where I no longer shall have to endure the daily 
routine and drudgery of a professional life, but can 
rank myself among that corps of expert specialists 
of which there is only one world-renowned name. 
That name, Mr. President, designating a sport who 
everywhere commands admiration and respect, is 
Cassius Claudius Williamson, born, as the name 
would suggest, in the ancient city of Milan — New 

When for the first time I beheld, upon this 
glorious old campus, the classmates of which I am 
so proud, I thought I saw in some of them at least, 
a spark of that indomitable spirit which, if fanned 
with the bieezes that I was capable of creating, 
would burst into an eternal flame which no sopho- 
moric water could quench. Especially as I looked 
on the divine forms and angelic faces of Eaton and 
Loring, I was fully convinced that I should be com- 
pelled to exert every force at my command, lest I 
be outsti'ipi)ed in the race for the kingship by these 
masterpieces of humanity. But alas for my rivals, 
the waters which served to freshen and brighten 
my buds of sporthood, causing them to burst into 
fragrant flowers, only caused theirs to be subdued 
and ci'iished into an oblivion from which no amount 
of nursing could rescue them. 

Thus I came to the close of our Freshman year, 
having attained the position of class sport, the 
right to the honor of which neither Faculty nor 
students could question. 

Scarcely had we entered the second year of our 
college life when there came among us one whom. I 
only regret is not here to-day, that I might thus 
publicly commend him for his excellent qualities as 
a sport. I refer to our most eiBcient ex-president, 
Mr. Laycock. 

As in athletic sports, so in social sports, those 
who at first appear the least promising are, often- 
times, crowned with the laurels of success in the 
end. There has developed from one of our most 
modest and bashful classmates a sport of the highest 
order. The village dancing-master, Mr. Preble, 
who has broken the heart of many a fair maid, is 
to-day a close second for the position which I am so 
nobly filling. Our class politician, Mr. Baxter, who 
with stentorian voice so nobly upheld the honor of 
his party, when Mr. Bryan was striving to win fame 
in the native city of his presidential associate, can- 
not be too highly praised for his sportive traits. 
Did he not recover the vast sum of ten mills for the 
ill-treatment received at the hands of the oflicers of 
our neighboring city, thereby gaining a reputation 



that will place him among the foremost of the 
nation's sports? 

Would that I could show you hy comparison 
how much superior I am to all of my competitors. 
Such a procedure, however, is not possible. Not in 
a single trait can I be compared to any of them. 
My dress, that sacred idol of every sport, is utterly 
unapproachable. I am without doubt the only 
sport in New England wearing at the present 
moment the newly devised shirt front, a revolving 
bosom, containing six of the most dazzling and 
highly colored patterns ever to be found. That 
you may be able to recognize me after I have rid 
myself of this incumbrous mantle, I will say that 
immediately after these exorcises I shall be robed 
in a silk hat of the very latest shape, a long-tail 
coat of the most recent cut, trousers of the most 
approved black and white check, shoes of pale 
blue, and gloves of the daintiest lavender. Gaze on 
me as I pass along the streets, and you will per- 
ceive that I have in no way over-estimated my 

Mr. President and classmates, when I first arose 
to thank you for the great honor conferred upon me, 
I felt fully confident of being able to reveal to you 
in flowing language the gratitude with which my 
heart is filled. As I now stand here I feel that I am 
in the same condition as was the young boy who, 
leaning out of a third-story window, trying to pluck 
a peach from a tree near by, fell to the ground, 
s — peachless. My articulatory organs fail to respond 
to the words of thankfulness with which my mind 
is o'ercrowded. I will not weary you trying to 
express the pride that I feel in receiving this 
elegant, appropriate, and valuable token of the 
esteem in which I am held by you ; but assure you 
that I shall ever maintain as high a position among 
sports as does this diamond occupy among precious 

Mr. White: 

I am very sorry to bring to your notice the only 
member of the class who has degenerated. In every 
flock there is one black sheep, but black sheep are 
usually born black. Ours has changed from one of 
spotless whiteness to the other extreme. When 
Francis Hamlin entered college he was an innocent, 
guileless youth, "but now I am afraid he is not. 

Mr. Hamlin, realizing as we do that unless some 
marked improvement is made in your actions at 
once you too will leave us, we present to you these 
spurs. May they urge you on until you attain your 

old exalted position in the eyes of the town and 


Mr. Hamlin said : 
Mr. President and Classmates : 

This occasion, which to you is one of unalloyed 
happiness, brings to me a mingled feeling of joy 
and pain. When I consider the past, the heights 
from which I have fallen, what I might have been, 
and what altitudes I might have attained, my grief 
seems greater than I can bear, for " a sorrow's 
crown of sorrow is remembering happier things." 

But when I turn to the present, my grief is 
somewhat mitigated. As t am at the foot of the 
hill, I have little to lose and much to gain. I, unlike 
those who are perched on the summits, have no fear 
of a fall. I have sinned and backslidden, yet now 
that my confession is made, my mind is at peace, 
and no longer shall " concealment like a worm in 
the bud " gnaw at my vitals. 

Now a man cannot backslide unless he has, at 
some time, attained an elevation from which to 
slide. But do we not have greater honor for 
that man who has once occupied high places than 
for the one who has never been higher than he now 
stands? Certainly we do. Therefore, I say, if ir 
be duly appreciated, for one to be called a back- 
slider is unquestionably an honor; to be a back- 
slider is a greater honor; to be the backslider of 
'98 is the greatest honor. Being the recipient of 
honor it behooves me, therefore, to see to it that my 
position be appreciated, and to do this I will briefly 
mention the qualifications of a backslider and 
recount some of my own experiences by way of 
explanation and illustration. 

It requires a natural talent, a complete knowl- 
edge of the profession, and continual practice, to 
make backsliding a success. That [ have made it 
a success is proved by my being now in this most 
honorable position. 

When I was but a small " kid" it was one of my 
fondest sports — to climb a hill, do you think ? Ah, 
no ! but to slide back, that was immense fun. 

Well, I took many backslides, some demanding 
plasters and poultices, others simply moral and 
mental patching and healing. 

My childish faith in certain beliefs was strong 
and ardent, yet from my opinions I was forced to 
backslide in many cases. One case I remember all 
too well. I sincerely believed that all those pretty 
little black and white animals were kittens. One 



morning out by the stable I picked one up. Suffice 
it to say I backslid from the faith. And, Mr. Pres- 
ident, if such occasions are not pleasant they are 
events never to be foi'gotteii, illustrations of fact 
not to be questioned. 

As time went on I was always found in the 
straight and narrow path. My aim was to shun 
evil and cleave to that; which was good. When I 
entered Bowdoin I was known as an ideal youth in 
whom there was no guile ; lionest and upright in 
purpose; " Chaste as the icicle;" "A trustier heart, 
more loving, never beat in human breast." 

Of course I took the Faculty and Seniors as my 
examples and guides, and, anxious to follow them, 
I abandoned secret prayer, and having no invita- 
tion to offer public praise, I abandoned prayer alto- 
gether. By so doing I avoided the chance of at 
least one unpleasantness, that of getting " wooded" 
should I pray too long. As fast as possible I acquired 
the other attainments of those chosen for my great 
examples, and soon I could smoke, chew, gamble, 
swear, and even bluff, almost as well as they. 

About this time I was surprised to learn that 
these attainments were not considered essential 
characteristics of a member of a college Faculty nor 
even of a Senior in college. These were only special 
features. But I had now come to take delight in 
such things. I saw that " Sometimes virtue starves 
while vice is fed." I at once "shook" virtue. 
I came to think that " Breaking of an oath and 
lying is but a kind of self-denying," and when, like 
Byron's hero, I knew not what to say, I swore. 
"Swiping" I easily acquired, a "booze" now and 
then came along in order, and soon I was a complete 
backslider from all the teachings and beliefs of my 
childhood. But I found " 'Tis better to be vile than 
vile esteemed," so with "A virtuous viser, I hid 
deep vice," and took for my motto 

" Bear a fair presence though your lieart be tainted, 
Teach sin the carriage of a holy saint." 

With Hall, Martyn, and several South Maine 
classmates, I always attended chapel, and under no 
circumstances would Perkins and I cut a recitation. 
We spent hours iu trying to persuade Morsou not 
to cut so often, especially biology. With Sturgis 
and Hills I was always found at the Y. JVl. C. A. 
meetings. We urged the " theologs" to go, but iu 
vain. When one of our number was sick (of his 
place) and in prison, I would have visited him, but 
was forcibly detained. I pleaded with Blake and 
Laycock to sign the temperance pledge; by the aid 
and example of Stauwood and Merrill I did induce 

"Jake" Loring, when he must swear, to say noth- 
ing worse than " damn." To prove my zealous spirit, I 
brought Alexander and Pi-eblc into close friend- 
ship, hoping that their natures might strike a happy 
medium, and that Alexander might drop the idea 
that he was a society man and a famous lady-killer, 
and that Preble might assume more confidence and 
mingle in the giddy whirl of Topsham and Wiscasset 

But "A daw's not reckoned a religious bird 
because he keeps cawing from a steeple." So at 
last I was foui'.d out, and to-day, free from all 
deceit, I stand here as a backslider. I have hack- 
slidden from purity, truth, temperance, and morality. 
I now love and seek the juices of all forbidden 
fruits. But iu one thing I rejoice. In the various 
vicissitudes of my profession I learned to have, 
whenever I backslid, due regard to a landing place. 
I venture to say that any man, however high',could 
find reasons for rejoicing were he on this, my pres- 
ent foundation ; for the landing-place I chose was 
that best of colleges, our dear old Bowdoin, and that 
most renowned and brilliant of classes, tlie Class 
of '98. And, Mr. President, with these spurs as a 
reminder, and with such examples as I shall surely 
receive from my classmates, though I may back- 
slide from all things else, I shall never backslide 
from Bowdoin nor the Class of '98. 

Mr. White: 

It will astonish you all to hear that we have a 
criminal in our class, a man full of pure deviltry, 
who ought to know better, who has had all the 
advantages possible to a young man, and yet is a 
hardened criminal. He is the terror of the State, 
and he is known on account of his crimes all over 
the United States. There is hardly any crime of 
which he is not guilty, but he cannot be convicted 
of any of them. He is so cunning that he always 
escapes, always has an impregnable defence. 

Mr. Percival Proctor Baxter! You seem aston- 
ished ! Perhaps you do not believe that such an 
innocent-looking young man is guilty of all these 
misdemeanors. It is true, I assure you. That 
bright, fresh-looking countenance is in every rogue's 
gallery iu this country. He is talented, but his 
talents are employed in an evil manner. lustead 
of busying himself iu a peaceful, law-abiding way, 
he is always prowling around to find some poor 
unoffending victim upon whom he may commit some 
of his devilish antics. 

Mr. Baxter, iu behalf of the class I present to 




you these handcuflfs, and advise you always to 
wear them. It will save you money. 


Mr. Baxter said : 
Mr. President and Classmates : 

How can I thauk you for these elegant brace- 
lots* I infer in presenting them to me that you 
design them as a reward of merit, for my having so 
faithfully followed the careful teaching and example 
set by certain beloved Bowdoin men who before my 
day have also been made notorious by being cast 
into prison. Though you would shame me before 
such an audience, I simply ask, is it a disgrace to have 
followed in the footsteps of such men as Professor 
Emery and our own Hutch, the former one of Mr. 
Despeaux's Brunswick jail-birds, the latter like my- 
self a sometime inmate of the Bath police station? 
There is a prevalent opinion that honors are too often 
sought by unscrupulous men. Let me assure you, 
however, that in my case these honors were thi'ust 
upon me, and this very thrusting was done by no 
less a celebrity than the lord-high-muck-a-muck 
of the Bath police force, the City Marshal himself 
What a fortunate community Bath is! She pos- 
sesses those two things which should constitute all 
earthly happiness, a plenty of pretty maidens and 
an efficient (?) and manly (?) police force. 

Our class is a class of criminals, but I shall 
simply refer to two, those most hardened by crime, 
myself and Hutchings, or plain "Hutch" as he 
is called. My history is brief. While asserting the 
rights of free speech in the highways of Bath, I was 
rudely spirited away by an overwhelming power, 
and upon recovering from the shock, found myself 
where ? In the " cooler ! " But the only cool thing 
in that cooler was a pail of cold water, used presum- 
ably to cool the heads of whatever harmless inebriates 
might fall into the hands of these doughty peace- 
protectors. What feelings of association and recol- 
lection crept over me as I thought of all those who 
had occupied and should in the future occupy those 
dingy quarters, my predecessors and my successors ! 
I shall not weary you with detail. My kind and 
sympathetic friends secured my release, and I was 
a free man, free, but unless vindicated, stigmatized 
for life! Vengeance was my sole thought, and ven- 
geance I obtained ! Here is my vindication ; my 
one cent ! No longer is the mark of Cain upon my 
brow; that one cent has removed all stains, and 
to-day I stand here with a character as spotless as 
the driven snow. 

Not so with "Hutch"; this young man sits yonder 
an unvindicated law-breaker. He too was captured 
by these valiant "coppers," but what was found on 
his person ? A thermometer of giant size ! Imagine 
the despair of poor Hutch ; captured with contra- 
band goods in his possession as he was about to 
escape. He was allowed to depart on bail, and on 
the following morning paid his fine of some ten 
dollars, like the little man he is. Thus ends the 
record of our criminality. That has passed, but 
what of to-day? " Hutch " is contemplating mem- 
bership with the Y. M. C. A., and I am a full-fledged 
member of the College Jury. 

As I gaze upon these delicate bracelets, as I look 
into so many faces, I seem in a trance. I imagine 
myself in my narrow cell; the strains of "Oh, that 
Funny Feeling," and "The Blow Almost Killed 
Father" are wafted to my ears, as on that memor- 
able night. The scene changes. I am addressing 
His Honor the Mayor of Bath ; my accuser faces 
me, but is dumb ; I seem to hear the sonorous tones 
of William J. Bryan floating through the darkness, 
softened by having passed around several corners, 
and down lane and alley. Again, I am before the 
court; question after question phases rae not. 
Others take the stand ; the self-coufldent " Hellcrack" 
Merrill, the bashful " Freddie" Drfike. Oliver Dow 
Smith is now there. What? Alas! The dream" 
passes ! Oliver has rendered the Bowdoin yell with 
but six " 'rahs," fatal mistake. Oliver, of ali men 
to so forsake and demean his Alma Mater. 

Mr. President, you say I have an open counte- 
nance, but there are two varieties of open coun- 
tenances, that of a saint and that of a fool. How 
shall I discover your intention? Weird tales of 
gruesome creatures, of uncanny beings, now man, 
now beast, such as Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, have 
come to us ; to these incongruous shapes I claim no 
relationship. I am a simple disturber of the peace, 
an inciter of riots. With these beautiful as well as 
substantial bracelets, for which I thauk you, Mr. 
President, to keep me from mischief, and with a 
little judicious missionary work, which I trust may 
not be denied, I may still hope to outlive my 
questionable reputation, and once again be a 
respected citizen of the community. 

Mr. White: 

Whatever pleasantry and joking has been em- 
ployed in the previous presentations is now laid at 
one side, and we come to the most serious part of 
the exercises. 

To choose a Class Popular Man is the greatest 



honor a class can bestow upon any of its mem- 
bers. The Popular Man is the college man's 
ideal. Ho is an athlete, .^^cholar, and a fine fellow 
in every sense of the word. Whoever receives the 
wooden spoon is respected and loved by every man 
in college. Our popular man is uo exception to 
these rules ; he is dear to every one of us. He is 
a fine athlete, a good scholar, and deserves the 
highest possible praise. On the tennis court and the 
foot-ball field the Bowdoin "Panther" has ui)held 
the name of Bowdoin, until everybody who is inter- 
ested in the college knows " Bill" Spear either per- 
sonally or by reputation. 

Mr. Spear, in presenting to you this wooden 
spoon I voice the sentiments not only of the class 
but of the whole college. I can only say that 
instead of calling you class Popular Man, I present 
to you, the most popular man in college, this spoon. 
May it ever serve to remind you of the love and 
good wishes every man in college extends to you 


Mr. Spear said: 
Mr. President and Classmates : 

It is always a great pleasure for one to know 
that he has many friends; and in accepting this 
token, which is one of the greatest honors that a 
class has in its power to bestow, I realize more than 
ever how strong are the bonds of friendship. 

We have been here now for nearly three years — 
years which, when we entered on our college course 
as strangers to one another, seemed almost ages. 
But how quickly they have passed, and how many 
happy hours we have spent together within these 
old halls, without the slightest sign of that discord 
which is so apt to arise, and which often tends to 
mar the happiness of college life. From the day 
when we, as Freshmen, held our first class meeting 
in the hall below, we have shared each other's joys, 
stood together in our sorrows, and our relations 
with each other have always been of the pleasantest. 

In a class like our own, where we have always 
been bound together by such strong ties of friend- 
ship, it would be entirely out of place for one man 
to consider himself more popular than another, for 
indeed we are all popular, as is shown by the way 
in which we have stood together through the last 
three years. But custom has established the rule 
that each class shall choose one of its members as 
the guardian of this token ; therefore in receiving this 
spoon I cannot look upon it as my personal prop- 

erty, for we all share it. But I do consider myself 
greatly honored at being chosen by qiy fellow-class- 
mates to hold in trust this, their most cherished 

Classmates, the three years which are now draw- 
ing to a close have been three of the happiest and 
most profitable years of our lives, and now that we 
are about to enter upon our fourth and last year 
within the halls of old Bowdoin, let us try to make 
it even happier and more profitable than ever. 

In closing I thank you, not only for this spoon, 
but also for that which it signifies, and I shall 
always look upon it as the most cherished memento 
of my college days. 

Immediately after these presentations the 
class filed out and gathered about the north 
end of Massachusetts Hall, where the Ivy 
Ode was sung, while the curator, E. G. Wil- 
son, planted the ivy. 

The ode was written by T. L. Pierce, 
and was sung as follows, to the tune of 
"Em an": 

IVY ODE.— Class of '98. 
Air — Ernan. 
While btue skies smile on Youth and Beauty bright, 

We give this day to pleasure unconfined; 
We chase dull sorrow far beyond our sight, 
And joy doth reign within each happy mind. 

We ne'er again shall know such days as these, 
These college days, when cares do not oppress, 

When we may lie and dream beneath the trees, 
And every wind that blows, blows to caress. 

Then on this festal day we celebrate, 
We'll plant this Ivy as a symbol true 

Of that deep love which time cannot abate, 
The love, from us to dear old Bowdoin, due. 

And if, in future years, this vine recall 

To younger sons, the class that set it here, 

This be the lesson it will speak to all — 

Love, and strive upward, hope, and never fear. 

After the planting of the ivy the Junior 
Class witnessed the Seniors' last chapel from 
the balcony. The cha[)el was packed to 
overflowing by the time the voluntary ceased. 
President Hyde read the scripture selection, 
and then followed au anthem by tlie choir, 
beautifully rendered. After President H^^de 
had offered prayer, the Seniors formed in a 
solid phalanx, and with locked step marched 



down the aisle under the leadership of Mar- 
shal French, singing "Auld Lang Syne." 
The ceremony was most impressive. The 
Seniors marched through the lines of uncov- 
ered undergraduates extending from the steps 
far down the walk. After cheering the col- 
lege and the classes they were heartily 
cheered in return by all those assembled. 
Thus ended the afternoon's programme. 

Ivy Hop. 

^PHE annual Ivy Hop was held in the Town 
-*■ Hall in the evening, and was a fitting 
close to a most successful day. There never 
has been, it is safe to sa}', a more brilliant 
Ivy Hop than this. From eight o'clock until 
nine the Germania Orchestra gave a concert. 
There were upwards of seventy-five couples 
present when dancing commenced, and the 
gallery was swarmed with spectators. Supper 
was served in the Court Room during inter- 
mission. The participants in the hop were 
by no means anxious to leave, and the rising 
sun and singing birds were holding full sway 
when the weary dancers plodded their way 

The order of dances was as follows: 

Waltz— Artist Life. 


Two-Step— Jack and tlie Beanstalk. 


Waltz— Ma Belle Adoree. 


Two-Step— El Capitan. 


Waltz— Wizard of the Nile. 


Tv\ o-Step— Up tlie Street. 


Waltz — Sweet Dream. 


Portland Fancj'— A Jolly Night. 


Two-Step — Handicap. 


Waltz— Wiener Blut. 


Two-Step— King Cotton. 



Two-Step — Cuban Liberty. 


Waltz— Schbner Mai. 


Two-Step — Black America. 


Waltz — Lady Slavery. 


Schottische — My Angeline. 


Two-Step — Happy Dreams in Dixie. 


Waltz— Jack. 


Lanciers — Amorita. 


Two-Step — Wizard of the Nile. Herbert. 

Waltz — Simple Simon. Sloane. 

Two-Step — King Carnival. Rosey. 

Several extras were added, to say nothing 
of the dozen or so of encores which were 

The patronesses were Mrs. Hyde, Mrs. 
Mitchell, Mrs. Robinson, Mrs. Johnson, Mrs. 
Woodruff, Mrs. Moody, Mrs. Lee, Mrs. 
Houghton, Mrs. Hutchins, and Mrs. Files. 

The floor manager was E. E. Spear, and 
his aids were G. F. Stetson, D. R. Pennell, 
H. R. Ives, and F. E. Drake. 

The Brunswick Division of 
the Maine Festival Chorus gave 
a concert at the Town Hall, recently. 
Professor Chapman of New York was 
present to conduct. The Bowdoin 
Glee Club vi'as programmed to sing, 
but for some reason or other failed to put in an 
appearance. Among the members of the chorus 
were Professors Woodruff and Chapmau. The latter 
is a kinsman of the great conductor. 

The base-ball team posed at Webber's last week. 
The Dekes have a tasteful flower bed at their 

Greenlaw, '9i.>, was elected base-ball captain 
for '98. 

Charles D. Moulton, '98, was on the campus a 
day last week. 

George L. Dillaway, '98, is enjoying the delights 
of a western trip. 

The final signing for rooms was called this week 
by the Treasurer. 

A party of Alpha Delts enjoyed a ride to the 
Gurnet, Saturday evening. 

The Commencement Concert has been posted, 
and bids fair to bo a great success. 

Carleton and Payson, '9.3, were at college 
recently and attended the Ivy Hop. 



The Freshmeu banquet in Portland this weelf, 
but where and when no one knows. 

What weather! May Coraraenceraeut weeli be 
pleasant, even tho' it rains all summer. 

The Inter-Scholastic meet of last week brought 
a big batch of sub-Freshmen to the campus. 

The Orchestra is away on a prolonged trip, fur- 
nishing music for high school graduations, etc. 

Brett, '97, attended the graduating exercises of 
the Auburn Grammar School, Wednesday evening. 

Now for exams. The time when the midnight 
oil should buru but for our a,bominable electric 

0. D. Smith and A. L. Hunt, '98, have accepted 
positions on two of the Boston and St. John boats 
for the summer. 

The last of the receptious to the members of the 
Freshman Class was given week before last at Mrs. 
W. A. Houghton's. 

The Seniors are enjoying their vacation, and 
nearly each delegation has gone into camp either 
at the lakes or sea-shore. 

Adjourns and early recitations have been iu 
order for the past week in consequence of ball 
games, real or imaginary. 

Not enough interest could be aroused in '97 to 
warrant a banquet. But twelve men would agree 
to go, and the matter fell through. 

The Seniors played a "bawl game" recently, 
the " Wingtownpeclers" vs. sonic other club with 
an equally unpronounceable name. The score has 
been lost. 

Drake, '98, is singing at the Winter Street Con- 
gregational Church, in Bath. E. R. Hunter, well- 
known for his work with the Glee Club, is tenor at 
this church. 

Professor Moody, examiner for Washington 
Academy, did not make a visit to that institution 
this spring, as there are no candidates for admis- 
sion to Bowdoin this year. 

The Commencement speakers have been chosen 
as follows: William Frye White, Robert Sidney 
Hagar, Harry Maxwell Varrell, John George Haines, 
Archie Sherman Harriman, Fred Gustavus Knee- 

The luterscholastio men were entertained at the 
different ckibs. Professors Robinson and Hutchins 
experimented with the X-rays for their amusement, 
and the Art Building was thrown open to them 
during the evening. 

There have been several meetings of the M. I. C. 
Base-Ball League held recently at Brunswick- 
The University of ^Nlaine has been represented by 
C. H. Farnham, Bates by J. A. Marr, Colby by F. A. 
Roberts, and Bowdoin by Manager Baxter. 

The Base-Ball Association elected the following 
officers at its annual meeting recently: President, 
Nason,'99; Vice-President, Webster, '99; Secretary, 
Neagle, '99; Treasurer, F. B. Merrill, 1900; Mana- 
ger, L. L. Cleaves, '99; Scorer, J. W. Whitney, 1900. 

At a meeting of the General Athletic Associa- 
tion, held June Uth, in Memorial Hall, tho follow- 
ing ofiQcers were elected for the ensuing year: Pres- 
ident, Button, '99; Vice-President, Philoon, '99 ; 
Secretary, Levensaler, 1900; Treasurer, McCarthy, 
1900; Manager, R S. Cleaves, '99. 

The Maine Interscholastic Athletic Association 
held its seventh annual meet at Brunswick, June 5th. 
Bangor High School won with 45 2-U points, Port- 
land High School followed with 42, Hebron Academy 
with 18, Brunswick High School with 17 1-3, Bath 
High School with 7, and Lewiston High School with 
5 points. The meet was most successful in every 

That the committee in charge of this year's 
Commencement Concert made a coup d'etat when it 
engaged the Temple Quartette of Boston, of which 
Mr. Bert G. Willard, Bowdoin, '96, is a member, is 
conceded liy everybody. Mr. Willard has, for the 
past year, been under tho instruction of one of the 
best professors of voice culture in this country, and 
his numerous friends here in college and about 
town will be only too glad of an opportunity to 
hear him once more. 

According to newspaper accounts one would 
have imagined that the lightning played havoc in 
the midst of our beautiful buildings week before 
last. To tlie contrary, the Bowdoin campus will be 
looking better than ever this year at Commence- 
ment week. A few feet of stone blasted from the 
rear of the chapel, and a few feet of plastering 
knocked from the ceiling of a student's room, seem 
to have been about the only observable damage 
done. Yet the newspapers gave us quite a thrilling 
report of the wreck (?). 

A very sad drowning accitient happened last 
Sunday, and since,- the college has been in mourning. 
Dr. Rice, a young doctor of Brunswick, who had 
endeared himself to all, especially to the college, 
wlierc he had hosts of friends, and Sinkinson, '99, 
were rowing on the river. While passiug through 
the "narrows" their light craft was capsized and 



they started to swim for the shore. Everything 
seemed well and Dr. Rice said he was "all right," 
when asked by Siiikinson. Nothing more was seen 
of him, and Sinkinson was picked up by a boat 
in a half-unconscious condition, owing to the icy 
water. The college deeply feels this loss, for Dr. 
Kice was identified with college interests, and was 
beloved by all who knew him. 


Boivdoin, 7 ; Bales, 4. 

Wednesday, May 26th, Bowdoin went to Lewiston 
in full force, and came home well pleased. The 
game was about as hoped and expeolod. The Bates 
team batted harder than Bowdoin, but couldn't field 
well enough to over-balance the visitors' superior 
work in that line. 

Bates took the lead in the second inning, and held 
it until the sixth, when Bowdoin clinched the game 
on hits, and errors by Slattery and Mason. The 
rest of the game was hard fought, but Bowdoin was 
not in danger at any time. Both pitchers did good 
work, being cool at all times, and pulling out of 
some hard places. 

The throwing of Bacon and Chirke was superb, 
and the fielding of Hull was excellent. He accepted 
nine chances without an error. For Bates, Johnson 
and Puringlon did good work. Mason also hit well, 
but was useless in the field. The score : 


A,B. R. E.H. P.O. A. B. 

Haines, c 3 4 3 

Bodse, p 5 2 1 'J. 

Hull, 2b .5 1 1 3 B 

Wignott, r.f 4 1 1 

Clarlic, ob 3 1 1 2 2 

Greenlaw, l.f 4 2 2 

Bacon, s..s 4 1 4 1 

Stanwood, c.f. 4 1 2 1 

Libby, lb 3 14 • 

Totals 35 7 4 27 18 3 


A.E. R. T.E. P.O. A-. E. 

Pulsifer, p 4 1 3 

Burrill, l.f 4 

Quinii,3b 3 1 1 3 

Purington, c 3 10 3 1 

Slattery, 2b 4 1 3 1 2 

Johnson, s.s 4 2 4 

Bennett, c.f 2 1 2 

Lowe, lb 3 2 1 9 1 

Mason, r.f 3 1 2 2 

Totals 39 4 6 27 14 6 


Bowdoin ....100004020—7 

Bates 020000200 — 4 

Earned runs— Bates 1. Two-base hits— Slattery. Three- 
base bit — Pulsifer. Stolen bases— Bodge. Wignott. Double 
plays— Stanwood and Libby; Bacon, Hull, and Libby. 
Bases on called balls— Haines 2, Libby, Quinu, Bennett, 
Lowe. Struck out— by Bodge, Pulsifer, Quinn, Lowe; by 
Pulsifer, Haines, Hull, Clarke, Bacon, Stanwood, Libby. 
Hit by pitched ball— by Hodge, Purington. Wild pitches— 
Pulsifer. Time— 2h. 20m. Umpire— Webb. 

Colby, 5 ; Bowdoin, 1. 

The game with Colby, Saturday, the 26th, was a 
very unsatisfactory one to Bowdoin supporters and 
players. In the first place the grounds were in no 
condition to play on, and a protest was made on that 
account before the game started. Nevertheless, Colby's 
captain said "play," and the game was started. It 
commenced to rain at the end of the fourth, and the 
umpire refused to call the game, but after another 
half inning, he was obliged to stop the playing. 
The protest is to come before the league managers 
for decision. 

f he Bowdoin team could do nothing in the mud 
and rain after their work on the new grass field, and 
plaj'ed a waiting game, while the Colby men seemed 
just in their element in the mud and slime. 

The score : 


A.E. B.H. P.O. A. E. 

Cushman, c 3 2 3 

Hudson, 3b 3 

Scannell, p 3 1 5 

V. Putnam, 2b 2 1 2 1 

Gibbons, l.f 2 1 

Wilson, r.f l o 1 

Fogg, r.f 1 

Tupper, c.f I 1 

H. Putnam, lb 1 1 8 

Tolman, s.s 2 1 2 

Totals 19 6 15 8 1 


A.E. E.H. P.O. A. E. 

Haines, c 5 2 

Bodge, p 3 2 1 

Hull, 2b 2 1 1 

Greenlaw, l.f 2 

Clarke, 3b 2 1 

Bacon, s.s 1 1 1 1 

Stanwood, c.f 2 1 

Libby, p 2 1 

Smith, r.f 2 1 1 

Totals 16 1 12 3 4 


12 3 4 5 

Colby 2 2 1 x— 5 

Bowdoin o 1 0—1 

Runs made— by Gibbons, Fogg, Tupper, H. Putnam, 
Tolman, and Clarke. Two-base hits— Cusliman and H. 
Putnam. Stolenbases— Cushman and Tolman. Bases on 
balls— Haines and Bacon. Struck out— Scannell 3, Gib- 
bons, Wilson, Bodge, Libby, Smith. Hit by pitched ball— 
Tupper, H. Putnam, Haines. Passed ball— Cushman. 
Time— Ih. 15m. Umpire— Nason. 



Bowdoin, 6 ; Harvard College, 3. 

Monday, May 31st, Bowdoin played the strong 
Harvard College nine, on Ihe athletic field. The game 
was one of the best ever seen on the grounds, and 
was clean, hard base-ball from start to finish. The 
visitors were no mean opponents, having beaten the 
regular 'varsity nine. Bates College, and other good 

It was a pitchers' battle from the start, and both 
did superb work. Morse is no doubt one of the best 
pitchers BovidoiD has yet met, and they fell before 
him with only a two-bagger by Greenlaw, but they 
out-fielded the Harvard men and so won. Libby 
did by far the best work for Bowdoin, accepting six 
chances and striking out twelve men. The score : 

A.E. R. E.H. P.O. A. E. 

Haines, o 3 1.3 1 

Boilge, lb 3 3 4 

Hull, 2b 2 2 3 

Greenlaw, r.f 4 1 1 1 

Clarke, 3b 4 1 3 

Kacon, s.s 3 3 

Stanwood, c.f 4 3 

Libhy, p 3 G 

Smith, l.f 3 1 2 

Totals 29 6 1 27 7 5 


A.B. K. E.H. P.O. A. E. 

Holt, 2b 5 

Sears, l.f 4 1 3 1 

Foster, lb 4 11 1 

Gregory, 3b 4 1 1 1 

Galbraith, r.f 3 1 

MoVey, s.s 4 1 3, p 3 3 

Slade, c 4 S (> 3 

Maiming, u.f 3 1 2 1 

Totals 34 3 5 24 10 7 


12345 789 
Harvard College .00100000 2—3 
Bowdoin ....30100002 0— (i 
Two-base hits — Greenlaw, McVey. Passed balls— by 
Slade 3. Wild pitch— by Morse 1. Bases on balls— by 
Libby 1, by Morse 4. Struck out— by Morse 14, by Libby 
12. Hit by pitched ball — Hull, Galbraith. Stoleu bases- 
Bodge 2, Greenlaw 1, Sears 1. 

Bowdoin, 11 ; Colby, 6. 

The second game with Colby was played at 
Brunswick, Wednesday, June 2d, and the result was 
more satisfactory than the first game. In the first 
inning Bowdoin seemed nervous and three of the 
five errors were made, allowing Colby to score 
twice without a hit. After the first inning the Colby 
men were easily disposed of except in the seventh, 
when they scored three runs on four consecutive hits 
and a poor throw. Then Bowdoin came in for 
runs in the eighth, making five runs and striking all 
around once, and Greenlaw twice. 

The work of Bacon was best for Bowdoin. He 

played perfectly at short-stop until the sixth inning, 
when he replaced Bodge in the box. He pitched 
the rest of the game in magnificent style, striking 
out six men. The score : 


A.E. K. B.H. T.E. P.O. A. E. 

Haines, c 4 2 1 1 10 2 

Bodge, p., s.s 4 1 2 5 5 

Hull, 2b 4 1 3 1 1 

Greenlaw, l.f 5 2 3 5 

Clarke, 3b 4 2 2 2 1 1 2 

Bacon, s.s., p 4 1 1 3 3 2 

Stanwood, o.f 4 2 

Libby, lb 4 1 1 1 8 1 

Gould, r.f 2 1 

Totals 35 11 10 17 27 10 5 


A.B. R. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Cushman, c 5 1 2 2 6 2 

Hudson, 3b 5 2 3 4 3 1 1 

Scaimell, p 5 2 2 2 1 1 

V. Putnam, 2b 5 1 2 3 2 2 2 

Gibbons, l.f 4 1 } 

Fogg, r.f 3 1 1 

Tupper, c.f 4 2 

H.Putnam, lb 3 8 

Tolman,s.s 4 1 2 2 

Totals 38 6 10 13 24 7 6 


12345678 9 
Bowdoin ....10020305 x— 11 

Colby 2 1 3 0—6 

Struck out— by Scannell 4, by Bodge 2, by Bacon 6. 
Base on balls— by Scannell 2, by Bacon 2. Hit by pitched 
ball — Gould, Hull, Bodge. Stolen bases — Colby 5. Passed 
balls— Cushman, Haines. Umpire— Kearns of Lewiston. 

U. of 31. , 11; Bowdoin, 6. 

Saturday, June 5th, Bowdoin's second game with 
the U. of M. team was played on the new field. From 
the start to the finish the home team was outplayed." 
In the first inning Bowdoin seemed dazed, and did 
not get into the game as they should have done until 
it was too late. Tlie visitors played a Freshman 
battery, and they did fine work. 

Bodge pitched the first four innings and then 
retired in favor of Libby, who, although severely 
handicapped by an injured finger, did much better, 
but it was too late. Captain Haines seemed to have 
an off day, and was responsible for several runs. 

For Bowdoin the work of Greenlaw was excellent, 
both in the field and at the bat. Brann and Pretto 
did the best work for the visitors. The score : 

A.B. E. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Pretto, s.s 3 3 2 2 1 2 

Crockett, 3b 5 3 2 2 1 

Palmer, lb 4 1 1 1 9 1 

Dollev, 2b 4 2 2 1 1 

Small, r.f 5 1 1 2 

Cushman, p 4 4 

Clark, c 5 10 3 1 

Brann, c.f 5 1 1 2 5 

Sprague, l.f 4 1 1 1 

Totals 39 11 10 12 27 8 3 




A.B. R. E.H. T.E. P.O. A. E. 

Haine.s, c 3 2 1 2 6 1 1 

Bodge, p., lb 4 2 2 

Hull, 2b 5 3 1 

Greenlaw, l.f 5 1 2 i 3 

Clarke, 3b 4 2 4 3 

Bacon, s.s 4 1 4 1 

Stanwood, c.f 3 2 2 2 1 

Libby, lb., p 3 1 3 3 2 1 

Gould, r.f 4 1 

Totals 35 6 8 13 27 12 6 



U. of M 3 1 3 3 1 0—11 

Bowdoiu ....11002002 0—6 
Struck out — by Cushraan 7, by Bodge 2, by Libby 2. 
Base on balls— by Cushman 5, by Bodge 3, by Libby 2. 
Stolen bases— U. of M. 2, Bowdoin 9. Wild pitches— 
Cushraan, Bodge 2. Passed balls— Haines 4, Cushman. 
Umpire — Hadley of Portland. 

Bates, 9 ; Bowdoin, 8. 

Tuesday, June 8th, Bates came to Brunswick for 
the second game, and it was the closest and most 
exciting game of the season. The game was close 
and hard fought to the end, but Bowdoin was oat- 
batted and out-fielded. 

Burrill started in pitching for Bates, and he 
pitched well until the fifth, when Bowdoin scored 
twice. Pulsifer then took his place, and we scored 
three more runs. Libby pitched the whole game for 
Bowdoin, and did excellent work. For the first five 
innings he was invincible, but in the seventli, the fatal 
seventh, on a couple of bases on balls and five hits 
Bates scored five runs. After the seventh Libby 
steadied down, but then, with a lead of one run, the 
game was lost on errors. 

Purinton did the best work for the visitors, field- 
ing perfectly and hatting well. The score : 

A.B. R. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Pulsifer, 2b., p 5 1 3 2 

Burrill, p., l.f., 2b. .. 5 2 2 3 5 

Quinu, 3b 5 2 1 1 1 2 

Purinton, c 5 1 3 6 8 1 

Slattery, l.f., 2b. ... 4 1 1 1 3 

Johnson, s.s 5 1 1 2 1 2 

Bennett, c.f 4 1 1 2 

Lowe, lb 5 1 12 

Mason, r.f 4 1 1 

Totals 42 9 9 14 27 11 6 


A.B. R. B.H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Haines, c 2 1 1 1 14 1 

Bodge, lb 5 2 3 8 2 

Hull, 2b 5 1 4 1 

Greenlaw, l.f 5 2 3 1 

Clarke, 3b 4 2 2 1 1 

Bacon, s.s 3 2 1 1 1 1 

Stanwood, c.f 5 1 1 

Libby, p 4 1 1 2 2 1 

Gould, r.f 3 1 1 1 

Totals 36 8 7 10 27 10 7 



Bates 00000151 2—9 

Bowdoin ....00002321 0—8 

Struck out— by Libby 13, by Burrill 4, by Pulsifer 5. 
Base on balls — by Libby 4, by Burrill 1, by Pulsifer 2. 
Hit by pitched ball— Gould, Haines. Wild pitches — Bur- 
rill 2. Stolen bases— Bates 1, Bowdoin 4. Umpire— Kelley 
of Lewiston. 


The following averages are for the whole season. 
In fielding they are far superior to last year, while in 
batting the work has not been quite as good. 

Batting Averages. 

A.B. B.H. T.B. CT. 

Greenlaw, . 56 18 26 .322 

Bodge, 61 17 22 .279 

Hull " 62 16 19 .258 

Clarke 59 13 16 .220 

Stanwood, 53 9 9 .169 

Libby 56 9 15 .161 

Haines, 48 7 8 .144 

Wiguott, 28 4 6 .143 

Gould 9 1 1 .111 

Bacon, 57 6 9 .106 

Wilson, 6 .000 

Fielding Averages. 

e 2 
































Wignott, r.f. (7 games), ... 3 

Libby, lb., p 121 

Haines, c 148 

Wilson, c, lb. (2 games), . . 22 

Greenlaw, l.f 14 

Bodge, p., lb 79 

Stanwood, c.f., 23 

Bacou, s.s 08 

Hull, 2b 8() 

Clarke, 3b., 61 

Gould, r.f. (3 games), .... 3 

Financial Report of the Base-Ball Manager 
FOR 1897. 

June 8, 1897. 
To the Bowdoin Base-Ball Association : 

As manager for the season of 1897 I beg leave to 
submit the following report of the funds received and 
disbursed by me during my management : 

Paid subscriptions, '97 $27.50 

Paid subscriptions, '98, • . 79.32 

Paid subscriptions, '99, 55.50 

Paid subscriptions, 1900, 31.50 

Paid subscriptions, Specials, 1.00 

Gate, Murphy Balsams 44.15 

Gate, Lewiston High School, 8.90 

Portland, guarantee, 60.00 

Gate, Murphy Balsams, second, 16.90 

Gate, New Hampshire College, 28.80 

Cook & Co., license 5.00 

Gate, Boston College 35.80 



Amherst, guarantee $100.00 

Dartmouth, guarautee, 150.00 

Gate, Bath, 26.65 

Gate, Harvard 2(1 66.31 

Gate, Colby 138.00 

Gate, University o£ Maine, 77.00 

Gate, Bates 157.50 

Subscriptions collected, June 8th 24.50 


Base-balls f64.25 

Bats 22.40 

Wright & Ditson, 126.79 

Umpires, 23.70 

Stamps, 4.75 

LovellArmsCo 17.80 

Bases, 3.00 

Express . 8.05 

Expenses, M. I. C. A. A., 7.45 

Printing 32.00 

Telegrams, 6.46 

10 per cent, gate and grand stand, . 44.25 

Guarantees 245.00 

Miscellaneous 19.17 

Expenses of trips, 416.14 

10 per cent. Bates game, 15.75 


Balance cash in treasury, $78.40 

Unpaid subscriptions, 166.00 

Balance on hand June 8th $244.40 

All bills of the Association contracted during the 
management of 1897 are paid. A balance of $78.40 
is at present in the treasury in cash, and there are 
f 166 due on the subscription lists. The Association's 
debt for 1896 was $225.84; thus, after this is paid, 
there will be a surplus in the treasury of $18.66. 
P. P. Baxter, Manager, 1897. 


Notwithstanding the unfavorable conditions of the 
weather for tennis this spring, the entry list in the 
annual tournament was as large as in previous years. 
The graduation of Dana, '96, the college champion in 
singles, and of Fogg, '96, who, together with Dana, 
was champion in doubles, left two championships 
to be contested for. Much interest was shown in the 
tournament, and the matches were closely watched. 
H. R. Ives, '98, won first place in singles. Dana, '98, 
and Ives are champions in doubles, and Cook .and 
W. W. Spear are second. Wright & Ditson, and 
Loring, Short & Harmon, very kindly presented 
rackets to be used as prizes in the tournament. 
Preliminary Round. 

L. L. Cleaves, '99, beat Dunnack, '97, by default. 

Haskell, '99, beat Drake, '98, 5-6, 6^, 7-6. 

R. S. Cleaves, '99, beat Dole, '97, 2-6, 6-4, 7-5. 
Clark, '97, beat Levensaler, 1900, by default. 
W. W. Spear, '98, beat Webster, '99, 6-0, 6-0. 
Littletield, Med., beat Briggs, '99, by default. 
Varrell, '97, beat Wood, 1900, 6-2, 6h1. 
Dana, '98, beat West, 1900, 6-1, 6-4. 
Thomas, '99, beat Stetson, '98, 6-2, 6-2. 
Ives, '98, beat Dana, '99, 6-1, 6-1. 

First Round. 
Wiggin, '98, beat Nelson, '99, by default. 
Chapman, 1900, beat Marsh, '99, 6-2, 8-6. 
Randall, '99, beat Merrill, '98, by default. 
Minott, '98, beat Bell, 1900, 6-2, 6-1. 
Cook, '97, beat Merrill, '99, 6^1, 6-3. 
Hawes, 1900, beat Moulton, '99, 6-1, 6^. 
Haskell, '99, beat L. L. Cleaves, '99, by default. 
Clark, '97, beat R. S. Cleaves, '99, 7-9, 6-4, 6-4. 
W. W. Spear, '98, beat Littlefleld, Med., 3-6, 0-3, 6-2. 
Dana, '98, beat Varrell, '97, 6-0, 6-1. 
Ives, '98, beat Thomas, '99, 6-0, 6-2. 
White, '99, beat Jordan, 1900, 6-0, 6-4. 
Kelley, '99, beat Gilman, '97, 9-7, 6-2. 
Came, '99, beat Carmichael, '97, 6^, 6-3. 
E. G. Pratt, '97, beat P. W. Davis, '97, 6-2, 0-4. 
W. H. Smith, '99, beat Knight, 1900, 7-5, 3-6, 6-3. 

Second Round. 
Chapman, 1900, beat Wiggin, '98, by default. 
Randall, '99, beat Minott, '98, 6-4, 6-1. 
Cook, '97, beat Harris, 1900, 6-4, 7-5. 
Haskell, '99, beat Clark, '97, 6-4, 6-2. 
Dana, '98, beat W. W. Spear, '98, 8-6, 9-7. 
Ives, '98, beat White, '99, 6-2, 6-3. 
Kelley, '99, beat Came, '99, 2-6, 6-4, 6-2. 
E. G. Pratt, '97, beat W. H. Smith, '99, 7-5, 0-0. 

Third Rotmd. 
Randall, '99, beat Chapman, 1900, 6-3, 6-2. 
Cook, '97, beat Haskell, '99, 6-2, 6-3. 
Ives, '98, beat Dana, '98, 4-6, 7-5, 6-1. 
E. G. Pratt, '97, beat Kelley, '99, 6-3, 6-2. 

Cook, '97, heat Randall, '99, 6-3, 7-5. 
Ives, '98, beat E. G. Pratt, '97, 6-4, 6-3. 

Ives, ' 

8, beat Cook, '97, 6-1, 6-8, 6-0, 6-3. 

Champion in Singles. — H. R. Ives, '98. 

Preliminary Round. 

Littlefield, Med., and Little, Med., beat Hunt, '98, and 
Lord, '97, by default. 

White, '99, and Dana, '99, heat Levensaler, 1900, and 
Knight, 1900, by default. 

R. S. Cleaves, '99, and Merrill, '99, beat E. G. Pratt, '97, 
and P. W. Davis, '97, by default. 

Came, '99, and Kelley, '99, beat W. H. Smith, '99, and 
Haskell, '99, 6-3, 6-1. 

Cook, '97, and Spear, '98, beat Carmichael, '97, and 
Dunnack, '97, by default. 

Bell, 1900, and Wood, 
Minott, '98, by default. 

1900, beat Merrill, '98, and 



First Round. 

Dana, '98, and Ives, '98, beat Littlefield, Med., and 
Little, Med., 6-2, 6-1. 

White, '99, and Dana, '99, beat R. S. Cleaves, '99, and 
Merrill, '99, 6-i, 6-1. 

Cook, '97, and Spear, '98, beat Game, '99, and Kelley, 
'99, 6-3, 6-1. 

Moulton, '99, and Randall, '99, beat Bell, 1900, and 
Wood, 1900, 6-1, 6-2. 


Dana, '98, and Ives, '98, beat White, '99, and Came, '99, 

Cook, '97, and Spear, '98, beat Moulton, '99, and Ran- 
dall, '99, 6-4, 8-6. 

Dana, '98, and Ives, '98, beat Cook, '97, and Spear, '98, 

Champions for 1897. — Dana, '98, and Ives, '98. 


The Maine Intercollegiate Tennis Tournament 
held in Portland, beginning June 7th, resulted in Bow- 
doin taking first place in singles and also first in 
doubles. There was no second place to be contested 
for, as the Southard cup for second in singles became 
Bowdoin's property last year. The cup for first in 
singles was a new one, competed for this year for 
the first time. The continued wet weather has so 
handicapped the college tennis associations that Bow- 
doin was the only college to send her full quota of 
representatives. Bales and Colby sent two men 
each, while the University of Maine sent none at all. 

The first match in which Bowdoin figured, between 
Ives and Shannon of Colby, resulted in the former's 
winning two sets, 6-2, 11-9. This was a finely 
played match, and in the second set, the winner was 
ahead by only four points. McFadden, Colby, beat 
Courser, Bates. In the semi-final round Ives won 
from Summcrbell, Bates, 6-3, 6-2. J. F. Dana beat 
McFadden, Colby, 9-7, 6-3. The finals between 
Ives and Dana were won by Dana. 

But four teams were entered in doubles. Cook 
and Spear lost to Shannon and McFadden in a very 
exciting match. The score was 7-5, 4-6, 6-3. Dana 
and Ives defeated Summerbell and Courser, 6-3, 6-1. 
The finals in doubles between Dana and Ives and 
Shannon and McFadden were won by the former, 
8-6, 8-6, 2-6, 6-3. 

Bowdoin has twice won the cup for doubles, and 
needs but one more victory to acquire permanent 
possession. Rackets were presented by Wright & 
Ditson and the Horace Partridge Co. 

The third annual championship contest of the 
M. I. C. A. A. was held on the Athletic Field 
on the afternoon of Wednesday, June 9th. The 
weather was cold and cloudy, which rather dampened 
the enthusiasm. But the games were run off in a 
very pleasing and business-like manner. 

In this meet, as in the two previous ones, Bow- 
doin clearly out-classed her rivals, winning bv a 
large margin. The number of points vion by Bow- 
doin this year is much smaller than last. The fact 
is easily explained. Bowdoin lost several good men 
in '96. Home was disabled, and Sinkinson had not 
recovered from his injuries received at Worcester, 
and further by the fact that the other colleges are 
employing better coaches and becoming more enthu- 
siastic as well as more expert, while Bowdoin 
remains at her ease. 

Captain Kendall won the individual champion- 
ship very handily, getting five firsts. He won the 
100 yards, the 220, both hurdle races, and the run- 
ning broad jump. 

The pluek and spirit of Home was especially 
noticeable and worthy of imitation. Although not 
winning his events the ex-captain, in spite of numer- 
ous falls and injuries, fought out each event to the 
end and made those who won hustle for their places. 
Foss, of Bates, showed himself to be a runner of 
no mean ability, winning three firsts, the half-mile, 
mile, and two-mile runs. 

Two records were broken : the pole vault, which 
was raised from 9 ft., 8 in., to 9 It., Hi in. by Clarke 
and Minott, who tied for first place; and the hio-h 
jump from 5 ft., 44 in., to 5 ft., bh in., by Gibbs of 
U. of M. The winners were as follows : 

100-yards dash— 1st heat. Stetson, Bowdoin, 11 1-5; 2d 
heat. Home, Bowdoin, 11; od heat, Rollins, U. of M., 11; 
4th heat, Kendall, Bowdoin, 10 4-5; 5th heat, Stanwood, 
Bowdoin, 11. 

Half-mile run— 1st, Foss, Bates; 2d, Clement, Colby; 
3d, Marston, Bowdoin. Time, 2 m., 9. 

120-yards hurdle— 1st heat, Hadlock, 1st; Home, Bow- 
doin, 2d. 17 3-5. 2d heat, Kendall, 1st; Spencer, Colby, 
2d. 18 2-5. 

440-yards dash— 1st heat. Stetson, Bowdoin, 1st; Mer- 
rill, U. of M., 2d. 55 3-5. 2d heat, Hooke, Colby, 1st; 
Barker, Colby, 2d. 57. 

Final heat of 100-yards dash— Kendall, Bowdoin, 1st; 
Rollins, U. of M., 2d; Stanwood, Bowdoin, 3d. Time 10 2-5. 

Mile run won by Foss, Bates; Merrill, Bates, 2d; Sink- 
inson, Bowdoin, 3d. Time 5 m., 3 2-5. 

120-yards hurdle won by Kendall, Bowdoin. Hadlock, 
Bowdoin, 2d; Spencer, Colby, 3d. Time 17 3-5. 

440-yards dash won by Stetson, Bowdoin; Merrill, A. 
S., D. of M., 2d; Hooke, Colby, 3d. Time 56 4-5. 



Two-mile bicycle race won \>y Stearns, Bowdoin; Chase, 
Colby, 2(3; Neagle, Bowdoin, 3d. Time 7m., 3 3-5. 

220-yards hurdle— 1st heat, Home, Bowdoin, 1st; Had- 
lock, Bowdoin, 2d. 28 4-5. 2d heat, Kendall, 1st; Spen- 
cer, Colby, 2d. 28 3-5. 

220-yards dash— 1st heat, Noble, Colby, 25 3-5. 2d heat, 
Stanwood, Bowdoin, 24 2-5. 3d heat, Merrill, Bowdoin, 
24 2-5. 4tli heat, Kendall, Bowdoin, 24 1-5. 

220-yards hurdle won by Kendall, Bowdoin. Hadlock, 
Bowdoin, and Spencer, Colby, tied for 2d place; 2d and 3d 
divided. Hadlock won toss-up tor 2d medal. Time 28 2-5. 

Two-mile run won by Foss, Bates; Merrill, Bates, 2d; 
Livermore, U. of M., 3d. Time 11m., 13. 

220-yards dash won by Kendall, Bowdoin; Stanwood, 
Bowdoin, 2d; Merrill, Bowdoin, 3d. 23 3-5. 

Pole vault— Clarke and Minott, Bowdoin, tied for 1st 
place; Chapman, Bowdoin, 3d. 9 ft., 11 1-4 in. 

Putting 16 lb. shot— Godfrey, Bowdoin, 1st; Grover, U. 
of M., 2d; French, Bowdoin, 3d. 37 ft., 5 in. 

Running high jump-Gibbs, U. of M., 1st; Stevens, 
Colby, 2d; Saunders, Bates, and Robinson, Colby, tied 
for 3d. 5 ft., 5 1-2 in. 

Throwing 16 lb. hammer— French, Bowdoin, 1st, 100 ft., 
4 in.; Saunders, Bates, 2d, 96 ft., 9 in.; Pike, Colby, 3d, 
96 ft. 

Running broad jump— Kendall, Bowdoin, 1st; Merrill, 
Bowdoin, 2d; Swain, U. of M., 3d. 19 ft., 8 in. 


100-yards dash, 6 3 

Half-mile run 1 5 3 

120-yards hurdle 8 1 

440-yards dash 5 3 1 

Mile run 1 8 

2-mile bicycle 6 3 

220-yards hurdle 7 2 

220-vards dasli 9 

2-raile run 8 1 

Pole vault 9 

Putting shot 6 ^ ., ** 

Running high jump, 1-2 5 3 1-2 

Throwing hammer 5 3 1 

Running broad jump, 8 1 

Totals 71 24J 16 144 

Manager Young of the foot-ball team announces 
the following excellent schedule, one or tvro dates of 
which are as yet unsettled, but will soon be decided : 

Oct. 2— Bates ' at Brunswick. 

Oct. 6- Harvard at Cambridge. 

Oct. 9— Open. 

Oct. 13— Exeter at Exeter. 

Oct. 16— Tufts at Brunswick. 

Oct. 23— Dartmouth at Hanover. 

Oct. 30— M.I. T at Brunswick. 

Nov. 3— Colby at Waterville. 

Nov. 6— Tnfts at College Hill. 

Nov. 10— Open. 

Nov. 13— Colby at Brunswick. 

6. — Ex-Governor Gar- 
celon returned May 6th from 
Philadelphia, where he attended the 
annual convention of the great Amer- 
ican Medical Association. The venerable 
ex-Governor was with others the guest of 
the Quaker City, and enjoyed the convention im- 
mensely. He accompanied the physicians on their 
excursion to Atlantic City, and comes back from the 
trip refreshed and invigorated. 

'63. — Chief Justice Fuller delivered the address 
at the celebration of the centennial of Augusta on 
Wednesday, June 9th. 

'64. — Hon. Charles F. Libby of Portland was 
chosen Vice-President for Maine of the National 
Sound Money League at a recent meeting in Chicago. 

'77. — Lieutenant Robert E. Peary, who has re- 
ceived a five-years' leave of absence from his duties 
in the navy, for the purpose of making another 
attempt to reach the North Pole, will start north, 
July 8th, making a preliminary journey, the sole 
object of which will be to prepare for the one to be 
begun in July, 1898. Lieutenant Peary will first 
pick out a ship for the preliminary voyage. He will 
select one of the St. John sealers and have it ready 
to leave Boston between July .5th and 8th. At Boston 
the sealer will take on board a store of supplies. 
Lieut. Peary will be accompanied by two or more 
scientific parlies, which will go north with him to 
some point near Melville Bay. The journey this 
summer will be from Boston to Sidney, Cape Breton, 
where the ship will take on coal, through the gulf of 
St. Lawrence to Belle Isle and up the Labrador coast 
to the mouth of Hudson's Strait, then to Resolution 
Island and across to the South Greenland coast, to 
Melville Bay, and finally to Whale Sound, which will 
be reached in the latter part of July. The return 
will be made in September. 

Med., '81. — Incidentally connected with the ses- 
sions of the Maine Medical Association at Portland, 
recently, there were several pleasant reunions of 
former college classmates. At the Congress Square 
Hotel, in the early evening, a reunion of members of 
the Class of '81, Maine Medical School, was held. 
Those who attended were: Class President, Dr. S. 
J. Bassford and wife, of Biddeford; Vice-President 



Dr. C. W. Abbott and wife, Waterville ; Dr. J. J. 
Cobb and wife, Berlin Falls, N. H.; Dr. M. O. 
Edwards and wife, Monmouth; Dr. D. A. Robinson 
of Bangor, President of the Maine Medical Associa- 
tion ; Dr. C. H. Gibbs, Livermore Falls. 

Med., '86. — The community of Portland was 
shocked on the morning of May 25th at the announce- 
ment of the sudden death of Dr. William Lawrence 
Dana, oldest son of Dr. Israel T. Dana, and one of 
the most prominent and widely known young physi- 
cians of Portland. Especially marked was the grief 
among the members and associates of the medical 
fraternity, with whom he was held in close friend- 
ship and high esteem. His death was so sudden and 
unexpected that it seemed all the harder to bear, and 
his intimate friends could hardly realize the fate that 
had overtaken him. In the death of William Law- 
rence Dana Portland loses a young physician of rare 
attainments, superior skill, and sterling character, a 
man beloved of the community and whose friends 
were many throughout the state. Dr. Dana was born 
in Portland on the 30th of June, 1862, and received 
his early education in the public schools of that city. 
He afterward attended Harvard College and gradu- 
ated from that university in 1883, and in 1886 he 
received his medical diploma from the Bowdoin Med- 
ical School. He has been an instructor in anatomy in 
the Porlland Medical School since 1888, and has been 
demonstrator of anatomy in the Medical School of 
Maine three years. In 1800 he was made ailjnnct sur- 
geon to the Maine General Hospital and continued in 
that capacity for three years, when ho was prouKJted 
to the regular staff of surgeons, which position he held 
at the time of his death. He was a member of ihe 
Maine Medical Club, the Lister Club, the Portland 
Medical Club, the Critic Club, a fellow of the Amer- 
ican Academy of Medicine, and a member of the 
Association of American Anatomists. 

'93. — A. S. Haggett recently received his degree 
of I'h.D from Johns Hopkins University. 

'9o. — Under the Deerfield, N. IL, items appeared 
the following from the Exeier News Letter: 

"Memorial Day services were held here in the 
evening at the town hall. Perley D. Smith of Law- 
rence, Mass., was the speaker, and gave an admirable 

'96.— Mr. B. G. VVillard of Newcastle, Me., who 
has met with such flattering success as a member of 
the Temple Quartette of Boston during the past 
season, is to be one of the soloists at the commence- 
ment concert this year. 

The Wesleyan foot-ball team is being " put 
through light practice during the spring term. 


Bowdoin College, ? 
May 28, 1897. (, 

Whereas, We, the students of the Medical 
Department of Bowdoin College, have learned with 
profound sorrow of the untimely death of our 
esteemed professor, Dr. William Lawrence Dana, 
Resolved, That in his death we lose an instructor 
whose exceptional ability and unflagging zeal 
made him valued and respected by every student ; 
Resolved, That we suffer a severe loss by the 
removal of one whose noble qualities, unfailing 
courtesy, and grateful words of encouragement, 
made him loved and honored by all ; and 

Resolved, That we deeply lament his death and 
extend our sincere sympathy to the members of the 
afflicted family; 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be 
sent to the family of the deceased and to the Bow- 
doin Orient. 

Geoegb M. Woodman, '97, 
John J. Gailey, '98, 
George W. Hastings, '99, 

Committee for the School. 

©ollege \J90pId. 

At the annual Spring athletic meet held at Cor- 
nell, Friday, four Cornell records were broken. 
They were the mile walk, 220-yard dash, broad jump, 
and shot-put. 

The department of mineralogy and metallurgy 
of Columbia University has lately been divided into 
two departments, and professors appointed for 

Owing to the crowded condition of the Cali- 
fornia State University, the regents have had three 
large tents erected, which are to be used as recita- 
-tion rooms. 

The new library building at the University of 
Wisconsin is now nearing completion. Its cost is 
estimated to be about half a million dollars. 

Students of the University of Pennsylvania are 
contemplating the establishment of an undergrad- 
uate comic magazine. 




CIGAKKTTE SJIOKEUS, wlio are willing to pay a little more 
tlian the price chnrged for the ordinary trade Cigarettes, will 
and THIS BRAND superior to all others. 

These cigarettes are made from the brightest, most delicately 
flavored ana highest cost Gold Leaf grown in Virginia. This 
isthe Old and Original Brand of Straight Cut Cigarettes, 
and was brought out by us in the year 1S75. 

BEWAEE OF IMITATIONS, and observe that the firm name as 
below is on every package. 


The American Tobacco Company, 

Successor, Manufacturer, 


Steam Dye House 


Can be done thoroughly. With the very best workmen and all the 
improvements in the way of machinery, fixtures, and tools, we 
can do first-class work and as low as it can be done. 

Gents' Garments Cleansed, Dyed, 
Pressed, and Repaired 

t the best possible manner. 

Ladies' Dresses Cleansed, Dyed, and 

Finished Without Taking: Apart. 

Lace Curtains done over to look like new. 

JOSEPH LeBLANC, Proprietor, 

141 Main Street, LEWISTON, ME. 

" Wo miko it a specialty to keep lisslness futsiture,' 

Spea-tcing of 


People who use 
desks want the 
kind that look 
best, and are most 
compact and most 


Rour F"eet L.or-ig. 

Well, that is the kind we sell. 
We have tlie Cutler Desks, than which none are 
better, and the best Typewriter Tables and Desks, 
Letter Presses, Bill Files, Office Tables, Swivel 
Office Chairs, in short, all that one could need for 
any business purpose. Catalogue sent on request. 

"The Household Outfitters," 

ij Back if the Goods 


College Men 

belong to the limited and distinguished class 
of men with trained and cultured minds. 


belong to the limited and distinguished class 
of great mechanical creations. 

$|QQ to all alike 


Hartford Bicycles, second only to Col- 
umbias, $60, $50, $45. Strong, 

handsome, sciviceable and at prices within 
reach of everyone. 

POPE MFG. CO., Hartford, Conn. 

Greatest Bicycle Factory in the World. 

Branch House or dealer in almost every city and town. 
Send one 2-cent stamp for handsomest bicycle catalogue 
ever issued; free by calling on any Columbia dealer. 

Mention Orient when Patronizing Our Advertisers. 



Vol. XXVII. 


No. 5. 





Percival p. Baxter, '98, Editor-in-Chief. 

EoY L. Marston, '99, Assistant Editor-in-Chief. 

William H. Crafts, 1900, Business Manager, 

Thomas L. Marble, '98. Harold F. Dana, '99. 

LuciEN P. Libby, '99. Fred R. Marsh, '99. 

Byron S. Philoon, '99. Hanson H. Webster, '99. 

James P. Webber, 1900. 

TE]:R3MS : 

Per annum, in advance $2.00. 

Single Copies 15 Cents. 

Extra copies can he ohtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Manager. 

Itemittances should he made to the Business Manager. , Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Editor-in-Chief. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contrilnitions for Bowdoin Verse Department should be sent 
to Box 960, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should be sent to Box 945, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post-Offlce at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 
Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston. 


Vol. XSVII., No. 5.— .Tuly 7, 1S97. 

Editorial Notks 67 

Baccalaureate Sermon bv President Hyde 69 

.Junior Prize Declamatio"n 75 

'97's Class Day 75 

Oration 76 

Poem 79 

Afternoon Exercises 81 

Openins Address 81 

Class History 82 

Class Prophecy 85 

Parting Addr^ ss 93 

Smoking the Pipe of Peace 94 

Class Ode 94 

Cheering the Halls— Farewell 94 

Graduation E.xercises 94 

Honorary Appointments 95 

Industrial Socialism (Goodwin Commencement Oration).. 96 

Commencement Dinner 9S 

Medical School Graduation 101 

Associated Effort and Medical Progress (Oration) 102 

Prizes and Awards 104 

Commencement Ball 105 

Meetings of the Boards of Trustees and Overseers 105 

Commencement Concert 105 

Fraternity Reunions 105 

President's Reception 105 

Plii Beta Kappa 106 

Class Reunions 106 

Maine Historical Society 107 

CoLLEGii Tabula 107 

The Commencement number of the 
Orient appears a little later than usual, 
owing to unavoidable delays. Although 
somewhat tardy, we trust it may be of inter- 
est to those connected with the exercises it 
records. The several parts and orations are 
given in full, but certain portions of the. 
exercises are mentioned but briefly, owing 
to the great expense of publishing so large 
an issue. Extra copies can be obtained 
from the Business Manager, or from Byron 
Stevens of Brunswick, at the price of twenty- 
five cents each. 

THE only sad incident connected with the 
otherwise joyous week of Commence- 
ment is the severing of all active connec- 
tion between the graduating class and the 
college. Some of the Seniors appeared 
glad, others sorrowful, still others indifferent, 
yet whatever ma}^ have been their external 
appearance, there still hung a gloom over 
every head, and many a heavy heart pulsed 
beneath a smiling face. Still, we must all 
come to an end, and the Class of '97 can feel 
that she has fought a good fight and has had 
a career as honorable as that of any class yet 
graduated from Bowdoin. They will be 
sorely missed in every branch of college life, 
and many will be the gaps left open for 


others to fill. The college bids farewell to 
'97, and, although it may appear hackneyed 
so to say, hopes that success may crown their 
efforts in years to come. They have a great 
responsibility resting upon them. What 
useful, not to mention what great men, have 
left these walls in years past, and what credit 
have they brought them ! To join such a 
band means honor to the Class of '97 if she 
can show her true worth and accomplish 
something, dishonor if she fails to push for- 
ward and make a name for herself. Honor 
is her goal, and as she pushes forward she 
has the best wishes of each and all of the 
undergraduates, as well as of the many 
classes who have preceded her in leaving 
their Alma Mater. 

'D'PPEAL after appeal has been made to 
/ -^ the alumni and undergraduates, and bill 
after bill has been sent them urging the pay- 
ment of their Orient subscriptions ; but gen- 
erally in vain. There seems to be an impres- 
sion, particularly strong about college, that 
the Orient is public property, and that each 
student is entitled to his copy free of charge. 
This idea has grown and not without cause, 
for in years past subscriptions have been 
allowed to run, practically no effort being 
made to collect them. This impression, that 
the Orient is free, must be cleared away, 
for affairs have assumed so serious an aspect 
that some radical step in reform is needed. 
Scores of names are on our lists whose sub- 
scriptions have been running for years, not 
one cent of which has been collected ; men, 
indeed, have graduated from college who 
have received the Orient regularly for four 
years, but who have paid never a pennj'. 
To cure this evil, the Orient Board, at a 
meeting held in June, passed unanimously 
an order to the effect that all unpaid sub- 
scriptions which are of over a year's stand- 
ing shall be cancelled. This will mean a 
great shrinkage in our subscription lists 

unless the delinquents proceed to settle at 
once, but we can better afford to print fewer 
copies and have them all paid for, than to 
distribute gratis several scores of Orients 
each fortnight. This rule is to take effect at 
our next appearance in the fall, and we trust 
that none will be so blind to their own inter- 
ests, as well as to the interests of the college, 
as to allow their names to be cut from the 
lists simply because they have neglected to 
pay their dues. If you fail to receive the 
Orient hereafter the reason will not be far 
to seek, so do not complain ; if you wish to 
receive it again, and so keep in touch with 
college affairs and college life, the course is 
open to you, as well as the office of our 
Business Manager. 

THE report of President Hj'^de for the past 
year, 1896-1897, is full of interest to 
those connected with the college. It is not 
our intention to review this exhaustive report, 
one should read it carefully from cover to 
cover and see for himself what great steps in 
advance luive been taken during the past 
twelve months. We shall, however, mention 
very briefly a few of its most important por- 
tions, that they may serve as an appetizer and 
give a taste of that which may be obtained 
by reading it in full. Bowdoin has received 
during the past year in bequests five hundred 
sixty-seven thousand five hundred dollars; 
the Medical School has been joined more 
closely to the college, a change that will be 
of great benefit to both parties and one 
long needed ; the experiments in individual 
instruction have proved very successful; and 
a system of honors has been established. 
Following these sections are the reports of 
the different professors and instructors, all 
of which are profitable reading; then follow 
reports as to the state of affairs at the Art 
Building and the Athletic Field. The Libra- 
rian's report, one always of much interest, as 
it rei^resents probably the most important of 



all branches of our college work, comes last. 
As will be seen by reading the report in full, 
several radical changes have been made, all 
of which are in the line of advancement, and 
all of which bring great credit to those who 
have inaugurated them. The Orient wishes 
it had sufficient space to publish every word 
of this report, but not having such we can 
but heartily recommend it, to all those who 
have as yet not read it, as one of the most 
interesting and comprehensive documents 
ever issued by our college authoi'ities. 

JTTHOSE Freshmen who endeavored tobriug 
-*■ their class into prominence by painting 
their class figures on the chapel steps should 
have been handled with no delicate hands. 
Evidently they tried to imitate their brethren 
of Harvard, who so far forgot themselves and 
their college as to bedaub with crimson paint 
the statue of its founder. Of all things des- 
picable, an imitation is the most so, but a 
poor imitation is even worse, and this was an 
extremely poor imitation. To shield the 
class from deserved and open rebuke, the 
steps were covered during Commencement 
week, as in winter. This was proper, for the 
whole class should not suffer for a few of the 
more foolhardy; the perpetrators and they 
only should pay the penalty. There may 
have been a period when such actions were 
countenanced by the students in general, but 
it is far from being so at present, and many 
were the marks of displeasure exhibited not 
only by the three upper classes, but by the 
more rational of the Freshman Class, upon 
seeing this disfiguration of college property. 
It is no sign of daring or cunning for a man 
to creep in the dead of night to the chapel 
steps, armed with a paint pot and brush, and 
bedaub the stone steps ; any youth who is 
not afraid of the dark could do that. Only 
certain unthinking lovers of notoriety would 
have done this, and punishment should not 
be meted out in small doses to such as 

these. Let an example be made, for such 
actions are out of date, and it is high time 
they were discontinued. 

^QpameneeFneni ^xeF©i|,ei,. 

Baccalaureate Sermon 

By Rev. William DeWitt Hyde, D.D., Presi- 
dent OP BowDonsr College. 

Delivered Before the Class of '97, at the Congre- 
gational Church, Brdnswick, Me., June 20, 1897. 

John viii. ; 32. 

In national affairs we are beginning to realize 
that it requires something more than the sword of 
revolution, a declaration of independence, or a 
proclamation of emancipation, to make a people 
free. A people who have not the traditions of 
freedom in their institutions, and the fire of freedom 
in their blood, cannot accept it as a gift, or retain 
it long when won by diplomacy or war. The slave 
will always be provided with a master as long as he~ 
remains at heart a slave; and the change in forms 
of government can do no more than hand him over 
from the rule of a foreign tyrant to the rule of a 
domestic boss; from the military to the machine. 
A nation can maintain and perpetuate its freedom 
only in so far as it is true to the trusts imposed upon 
it, true to the duties required by it, true to the 
people represented in it. 

My theme to-day, however, is not the freedom 
of nations, but the freedom of individuals. The 
two are closely related. For it takes free individ- 
uals to make a free state. And to be free your- 
selves, is the first step towards keeping your 
country free. 

Freedom may be sought in either of three ways: 
first, you may seek it as a gift of nature ; second, 
you may seek it by the force of craft; third, you 
may seek it through fidelity to truth. The first is 
sure to fail. The second is a partial success, but 
proves an ultimate failure. The third is a sure 

First, you may expect freedom as a gift of 
nature. Why not? Tou have always been practi- 
cally free in your home. Everything you needed 
was provided for you. Your wants were antici- 



pated. Everybody there seemed to have your 
wishes and interests at heart. Occasionally, to be 
sure, when yon became too wayward and obstrep- 
erous, they curbed your folly and corrected your 
faults. And then you thought 30U were dreadfully 
maltreated. Possibly during these childhood years 
you thought more about the restraint than the 
freedom. Ungrateful children sometimes make 
that mistake. But whatever you thought then, as 
you look back upon it now, you appreciate the 
splendid liberty of these happy childhood years. 

And the college simply continues this family 
regime. Everything in college is arranged for your 
happiness and welfare, Everybody is your servant. 
Though here again, no doubt, you sometimes forget 
this fact, and think only of the tasks and burdens 
it imposes. Bat now that you look back on it, you 
see that they were all designed for your good, and 
made as light as was consistent with your reason- 
able progress. Indeed, as the college itself looks 
back on these years, the chief thing it has to repent 
of is having been too indulgent to you. One con- 
sideration, however, serves to lighten this regret. 
You will never suffer from this kind of treatment 
again. Very soon you will discover that unlike the 
home and the college, the great world outside is 
not made for your convenience ; it has no concern 
whatsoever for your happiness and prosperity ; it 
has no mercy for your follies, your weaknesses, your 

Consequently, if you expect to find your freedom 
in this great world ready-made for you, as it has 
been in the home and the college, you will find 
yourselves very much mistaken. Very soon it will 
dawn upon your minds, if it has not already, that 
the world can get on very well without you; that 
it has no comfortable corner fitted up for your 
reception ; that it will give you nothing but what 
you wrest from it in the sweat of your brow; that 
it will exact the last farthing of every debt you 
owe; that its standards are rigid; its competition 
merciless; its penalties inexorable. Men will use 
you so long as it is for their advantage, and then 
cast you aside, as they would a dull tool or a worn- 
out garment. You will never hold a position where 
there are not a dozen men ready to take cruel advan- 
tage of every false move you make to stab you in 
the back. You will be criticised and condemned for 
what you do and what you fail to do ; the men you 
most rely on will prove false; the fruits of years of 
toil will be swept away by a dishonest associate or an 
unrighteous deal. Whole sections of life on which 
you counted for peace and happiness will be turned 

into bitterness and gall. Disease and disaster, 
treachery and dishonesty, failure and falsehood, will 
strike their cruel blows on the right hand and on 
the left. Death will make its dread inroads into 
the circle of your family and friends, and hang over 
your lonely and desolated hearts until you will 
hardly know whether to shun him as an enemy or 
welcome him as the best of friends. The world 
was not made to order for your comfort and enjoy- 
ment, and it would not have been good for you if it 
had been. In that case you would have remained 
great babies, spoiled children to the last. Make up 
your minds then, once for all, that freedom isn't 
coming to you ready-made ; but must be wrought 
out and won by efforts of your own. That is the 
first great lesson for every man to learn. And not 
until he has learned it well, and bases his expecta- 
tions and estimates of life upon it, is he fit to 
graduate from the nursery, to say nothing of acad- 
emy and college. 

Second, not finding freedom ready-made, you 
may try to gain it by craft and cunning. This 
prison that hems us in, these walls that confine us, 
these wrongs we suffer, are they not for the most 
part of human creation? But these people who 
treat us so badly, who care so little for our welfare, 
they are not so wise after all. They can be man- 
aged. They can be made to further our interests 
in spite of themselves. Just as the human body is 
transparent to the eye of the surgeon, so the 
human mind may be transparent to the eye of the 
psychologist. Just as the surgeon can cut beneath 
the surface and pick up the nerve and avoid the 
artery, so the man who understands the working 
of the human mind can touch the springs that lead 
to the action he desires. Thus instead of being 
used by men you can use them, and make them the 
tools of your designs. It is not a difiicult trick to 
learn, not a dangerous game to play. People are 
so easily deceived, so readily hoodwinked by flat- 
tery, so prone to jump at easy ways to gain riches 
or honor, that with very cheap and inexpensive 
bait, you can catch their money, their influence, 
their votes, even their heart's affections, strange 
as it may seem. Hence the shrewd, long-headed 
man learns to deal with his fellows as a player deals 
with the pieces ou a chess-board. Whatever he 
does he is always thinking of the way it will afi'ect 
his interests in the end. The educated man, by 
virtue of his superior mental discipline, has enor- 
mous advantages for playing this game, and before 
you have lived very long among men you will be 
tempted to resort to it. The world will treat you 



in this matter mucti as an old gambler treats a 
novice. You will win for a while every time, and 
you will come to think this a very profitable game. 
You will find yourselves making money, gaining 
oCaces, enjoying honors, winning friends, and in 
your youthful exultation you will fancy that you 
have found the key that unlocks your prison, you 
will flatter yourselves that you are really free. 
Not quite. You have no monopoly of this insight 
into human hearts. There are others who can read 
you, just as clearly as you can read the men you 
seek to dupe. They understand precisely what you 
are, and they set you down for a fraud, and when 
it comes to a critical issue, you find that the 
best people don't quite trust you. And when you 
turn inward for comfort, you discover, to your horror, 
that you don't trust yourself. And if you look up 
for recognition from above, you find that there is no 
comfort or consolation to be had for such as you 
from Heaven. You are not a genuine part of this 
world which God has made. You are trying to use 
it for your ends, regardless of the end of the Creator. 
You turn to the scriptures and " woe to you scribes, 
Pharisees, hypocrites," are the only words there that 
fit your case. You are not so free as you thought you 
were. It is a poor bargain, this gaining the 
applause of a few hundred fools and losing the 
respect of the half dozen men and women who 
know you as you really are, and whose approval 
is the only human approval worth having. It doesn't 
pay, this gaining the world and losing your own 
soul. This isn't freedom after all, this manipirla- 
tion of a few simple folk, at the expense of being 
despised by good men and condemned by God; 
and you would gladly give all your ill-gotten gains to 
get back the lost respect of yourself, and the for- 
feited favor of the few who know you as you are. 
You have been beaten at your own game, and you 
have only yourself to blame for it. You can't com- 
plain as the child does that the world is bad. The 
badness is in you yourself, a much more serious 
matter. The truth is not in you, and that is why 
you are not free. 

Third, you may seek first the truth and gain the 
freedom which the truth alone can give. Truth is 
the right relation between men and things. In our 
first effort after freedom we mi.ssed it, because we 
were not active enough. Truth is an adjustment 
of ourselves to men and things; and because we 
failed to make this adjustment, we failed to find 
our freedom. In our second attempt we failed to 
consider the rights and claims of men and things 
outside us, and so they were not rightly adjusted 

to us, and missing the truth from that side, we lost 
our freedom too. That right adjustment between 
men and things without, and our own aims and 
interests within, must come from a due regard for 
both sides of the relation. We must consider others, 
we must be alert and vigorous ourselves. And the 
perfect equilibrium between these two sides of life, 
the external and the internal, is the truth which 
makes men free. Still truth, adjustment, equilib- 
rium, external and internal, are all very vague, 
abstract terms, good enough to hold a philosophic 
formula, but not concrete and precise enough to 
afford much practical guidance in the complexity of 
life. Let us, then, break up these vast abstractions 
into some of the concrete departments to which 
these general terms apply. Let us see what truth, 
adjustment, equilibrium between outer and inner 
mean when applied to the concrete relations of our 
daily lives. 

First, our physical, or more precisely, our physi- 
ological environment. What is truth here ? What 
i^ the perfect adjustment of capacity within and 
force without? What is the perfect equilibrium 
between the vital functions and the physical environ- 
ment? It is the priceless boon of health. And by 
health I mean, not immunity from this or that dis- 
ease or petty ailment. I mean that reservoir of 
unspent energy, that buoyancy of spirits, that 
exuberance of vitality, which turns all work into 
play, and enables a man to go about his business 
with the eagerness and zest with which a strong 
man rejoices to run a race. The man who drags a 
worn-out body, an exhausted nervous system to his 
task, can never accomplish much. His shots will 
fall short of the mark. He may keep the machinery 
of his business or profession going ; but when it 
comes to pushing things to their ultimate conclu- 
sion, when it is a question of fighting a hard battle 
to the finish, then he is sure to be found wanting. 
You might as well give up all hope of considerable 
success in anything which calls for influence with 
your fellow-men, as let yourselves once lose the tone 
and temper, the cheerfulness and geniality, the 
courage and confidence, the serenity and invincible- 
ness, which comes of the consciousness of enormous 
physical reserves to call into action and keep 
steadily at work whenever the battle threatens to 
go against you or the work begins to lag. Keep 
your health, then, at all hazards. Live much out 
of doors. Keep your hand in at half a dozen games 
and sports; hunt, fish, ride, climb, swim, skate; 
take an occasional day with the axe in the woods 
or with the scythe and pitchfork on the farm, and 



it will make all the difference between painful 
inefficiency and glorious achievement in the years 
from forty-flve to seventy. Beware the temptation 
of the modern city, which is excessive nervous strain 
coupled with luxurious living and sedentary habits ; 
the resort to narcotics and stimulants, and the inev- 
itable breakdown at flfty-five or sixty, just the time 
when the man who has been true to the laws of 
hygiene ought to be at his grandest and his best. 
The college in these days gives every man a splendid 
start in this essential element of the great race of 
life; but not one man in twenty uses common sense 
in these matters during the early years of profes- 
sional and business life. Keep your health intact; 
store up enormous reserves of nervous energy ; 
keep your muscles active, digestion unimpaired, and 
suffer no encroachment on the hours of sleep; and 
you enter the great game of life with the victory 
already half won. 

The next great feature of our environment is 
the industrial or economic. And here truth takes 
the form of honesty. The scholar has great temp- 
tations here. During student days you have been 
supported by your parents long after the point 
where other men begin to earn their living. In a 
great measure the education you receive is a gift. 
And the habit of expecting special favors and 
immunities is easily formed and only with difficulty 
shaken off. Then you have systematically culti- 
vated expensive tastes. Hence the temptation to 
the young graduate to live beyond his means is 
very great; and many are made miserable all their 
lives because they cannot overcome it. Truth on 
this point has severe requirements. Live well 
within your income. Contract no debts. Pay as 
you go. Mind your own business ; and don't meddle 
with kinds of business which you don't understand. 
This last point requires special emphasis. Remember 
that a college education does not make you an expert 
in mining, real estate, railroading, banking, or manu- 
facturing. And yet, just as soon as you get a little 
money ahead, somebody will come along with a 
promising scheme in some of these lines and coax 
and flatter you to induce you to lend your name and 
put your money into it. And you will be sorely 
tempted. People have an idea that business in 
general is a great money-making enterprise; and 
if they can only get a little capital invested in a 
mine, or the suburbs of a growing city, or a rail- 
road, or a promising manufacturing or commercial 
enterprise, they will be on the sure road to pros- 
perity and riches. 

Beware of that delusion. There is no money 

whatever in business except for experts in the 
precise line in which they are engaged. And for a 
man who has simply a college education, with a few 
thousand dollars he may have saved at his profes- 
sion or have inherited from his parents, to go into 
any of these forms of business in which he has no 
expert training, is simply to proclaim himself a fool 
and throw his money to the winds. Remember that 
your college education does not qualify you to 
meddle with matters which requij'e expert training 
and knowledge; and therefore, unless you are a 
miner, let mines alone; unless you are a real estate 
dealer, let real estate in western cities and prairies 
alone; unless you are an expert financier, let the 
stocks of promising enterprises alone, and confine 
such investments as you have to make strictly to 
the savings banks, or local building and loan asso- 
ciations, or improved real estate under your own 
eye, or to the most conservative kind of bonds. 
A moderate rate of interest or rent you may right- 
fully expect. But business profits belong exclusively 
to business men; and if you try to get them with- 
out technical knowledge of the business in hand, 
you are trying to get something for nothing; and 
that is, after all, the essence of dishonesty, and it 
will turn out badly in the end, as all things that 
are not perfectly honest ultimately do. I am not 
now blaming people who have made investments of 
this sort. The ethics of investments has not yet 
been preached and is not understood. It is being 
learned by multitudes, however, through painful 
experience of the penalty. And those who have 
been duped deserve pity, not reproach. But it is 
high time that the inherent dishonesty as well as the 
gigantic folly of the attempt to get business profits 
on the part of persons who are not expert busi- 
ness men should be clearly defined and generally 

The man who is in perfect health, out of debt, 
with his savings securely invested, has the funda- 
mental elements of practical freedom. He is true 
on the physical and economic sides of his life, and 
the truth makes him free. In the next place he 
must be true in his work, his business, his profes- 
sion; and truth at this point takes the form of 
thoroughness. Especially in professional life is this 
phase of truth imperative. The doctor, lawyer, 
minister, teacher, statesman, engineer, professes to 
understand and practice certain things which are 
beyond the knowledge of the average man. People 
who employ him have to put their trust in him ; and 
if he proves unreliable or incompetent they have 
uo protection and practically no redress. No man 



is compelled to enter these high callings ; but if he 
does enter them he must make himself the master 
of the art he professes. Incompetence in a profes- 
sional man is a crime of the first magnitude. In 
the lawyer, imperfect knowledge of the law may 
rob a client of his estate; it is therefore robbery. 
Inadequate training and equipment in the physician 
may deprive a patient of life ; it is murder. Lack 
of thoroughness and accuracy in the teacher is the 
worst form of lying. Make your profession as small 
as you please, but know and understand with abso- 
lute thoroughness the thing you profess to teach or 
practice. Within the circle of the science or art 
which you profess you must speak with the clear 
authority of truth. For the lawyer or physician 
to blunder on points which every competent prac- 
titioner is expected to know, is, and ought to be, 
fatal to his standing and practice. Let the teacher 
or preacher be caught but once or twice dodging 
difficulties or palming off ideas which a day or 
two of honest study would show to be untenable, 
and that man's influence with thoughtful men 
is dead and done with. No matter how earnestly 
and emphatically he may proclaim his views there- 
after, people will always understand that his " I 
think" means simply " I have heard or read," and 
his " I believe" means nothing more than " I find 
it convenient to assume." All the utterances of 
such a man are discounted in advance in conse- 
quence of the lack of professional thoroughness and 
intellectual honesty in the man himself. Such men, 
soon or late, fail as they deserve to fail. 

Be thorough, then, in the thing which you 
profess. Be sure of your ground; or, if you find 
yourselves confronted with a question you cannot 
answer, a ease you cannot comprehend, or a doctriue 
into which you can get no real insight, acknowledge 
it frankly and appeal to higher authority. Above 
all things do no guess-work, palm off no uncertain- 
ties in the line in which you profess to be an expert. 
Thoroughness in the particular thing which one 
professes to do is the very core and heart of truth. 
Other things may be overlooked or pardoned ; but 
for a man to be a failure in the one thing which he 
sets out to do — that is to be a failure through and 
through. Make sure, then, that if you teach school, 
you teach the truth as it is — not as it used to be or 
as it is supposed to be — and that the text-books 
and programmes and methods of instruction and 
mode of discipline is the very best that pedagogical 
theory and experience has made available. Whether 
it be law or medicine or politics or business, or school 
or church, the thing which you undertake is the 

thing you must be judged by. If that is done 
thoroughly, effectively, and what comes to the same 
thing in the long run, successfully, then you are a 
genuine contributor to the great social whole; you 
are true at the point of most vital contact with it, 
and the truth there makes you free. 

Each age makes its own idea of heaven ; and 
the freedom which comes from thoroughness, indi- 
viduality, and integrity is the chief element in the 
idea of heaven which attracts the earnest modern 
man. Kipling has happily expressed it: 
" And only tlie Master shall praise us, and only the Master 

shall blame ; 
And no one shall work for money, and no one shall work 

for fame. 
But each for the joy of the working, and each in his 

separate star, 
Shall draw the thing as he sees it, for the God of things 

as they are." 
The next adjustment we have to make is to our 
fellow-men. And truth at this point takes the form 
of sympathy. These persons about us are as real 
fis ourselves; and sympathy is the true relation 
toward them, because sympathy appreciates them 
as real and treats them accordingly. It is the only 
way to get along in this world. Some men are 
always iu difficulty and misunderstanding with 
their fellow-men. Others get along smoothly, 
easily, and effectively, no matter what sort of people 
they are dealing with. The whole secret of the 
difference is that this sort of men treat persons 
as persons, take account of their interests, their 
prejudices, their likes and dislikes, and aim to make 
their action a resultant of the views and wishes of 
both others and themselves. The other sort of 
men are perfectly clear about their own rights and 
aims, but are very hazy about the views and dispo- 
sitions of other people. They treat these other 
people as though they had no views or wishes what- 
soever. They treat them as mere things, or at 
best as automata; responsible perhaps for their 
actions, but not appreciated according to their 
motives. Such people, of course, are always in hot 
water, as they deserve to be. People are not mere 
things or automata; and it is at once a blunder 
and a crime to try to treat them so. It is not true; 
and consequently the man who tries to act on that 
basis soon finds that he is not free. Every man's 
hand is against him, just because, ignorantly and 
unintentionally no doubt, his hand is against every 
man. He is trying to suppress the best thing in 
other men — their personality — and rightly they 
resent it. Treat men as men. As Hegel puts it, 
" Be a person and respect the personality of others." 



Make your act the resultant of all the aims that 
are affected by it. And this does not involve, by 
any means, weakness and undue concession. It is 
not necessary to yield your own views or rights. 
If you only understand and appreciate the nature 
of the man you are dealing with; if you show him 
that you actually see things as he does, yon can 
resist him with inflexible determination ; you can 
squarely oppose him in every move he makes; and 
though he may not like what you do, he will respect 
you in doing it, because he sees that you have first 
respected and appreciated him. It is being misun- 
derstood; it is being not understood at all, but 
being treated as something other than they really 
are, that makes men mad. Help men when you 
can ; resist them when you must ; fight them when 
you have to; but appi-eciate them as they are, 
sympathize with them, seek the best things for 
them that the case permits— in brief, love. them 
while you oppose them, and have their real good at 
heart even when you do the things they most 
dislike; and it is perfectly possible to be true and 
fair, and therefore happy and free, in your relations 
with big boys on the back seat of a district school, 
or Sophomores in a college, or the leaders of the 
opposite party in a heated political campaign, or 
labor leaders in an unreasonable strike. We have, 
then, four phases of the truth, four guarantys of 
freedom: health, financial soundness, professional 
thoroughness, and the capacity to take the point of 
view of other people as well as of ourselves. 

One thing more and I am done. We have been 
dealing thus far with things within, beneath, around 
us. There are things above us ; forces and powers 
and laws and tendencies which were before us and 
will endure long after we have left these scenes. 
The Infinite and the Eternal are far more sure, more 
vast, more pregnant with significance for us than 
any of these finite facts and forces we have been 
considering. A man is not adjusted to his total 
environment; he is not completely and ultimately 
true; and consequently he is not really and perma- 
nently free, unless he can look on the whole cosmic 
process as that of which he is a conscious part and 
a co-operating member — unless he can look on the 
Author and Finisher of that process as his Father 
and his Friend. 

Toward the Infinite Being and the Eternal Life, 
of whom all that we see is the manifestation, and 
all that we enjoy is the gift, and all that we are is 
the impartation — the true attitude, the right adjust- 
ment, is reverence. In the presence of the wondrous 
wisdom that has founded the universe in order and 

roared it in beauty and crowned it with beneficence; 
in the presence of the mighty power that burns in 
the sun, and revolves in the stars, and clings in the 
molecules, and flashes in the electric current, and 
expands in the leaf, and propagates in the seed, 
and struggles in the animal, and thinks and loves 
in man, a creature endowed with reason and imagi- 
nation and emotion cannot remain indifferent and 
unmoved. Tlie only true relation in which man 
can stand to God is one of thankful adoration for 
all that He has done and earnest co-operation with 
all that He is doing to make the social and moral 
world as fair and glorious as is the natural world. 
Not otherwise can man gain his ultimate freedom. 
The man who knows not God as his Father and his 
Friend must find this vast process of which he is 
so insignificant a fraction an external and inexpli- 
cable limit, beyond which his sympathy and service 
cannot pass. He who has reverently and lovingly 
acknowledged the Creator and Ruler of the universe 
as his Father and his Friend finds in all the cosmic 
process nothing which is alien to himself; and in 
all the complexity of life no situation where the 
Will that is at once most glorious and most dear . 
may not by him be done. And thus to trauscend 
these last seeming limitations, and know one's self 
as child, and servant, and helper, and frieud of the 
God from whom all things proceed, and to whom 
all evolution tends, —this is the crown and consum- 
mation of the freedom of which we are in search. 
And in this highest and broadest, as in the narrower 
and humbler spheres we have been considering, this 
freedom comes in consequence of right adjustment, 
of taking account of facts, of fitting ourselves into 
our environment, and performing faithfully our 
proper function in the whole of which we are a part. 
Here as everywhere it is the truth, and nothing but 
the truth, that makes us free. 

Members of the graduating class : The college 
sends you forth with the elements of a liberal educa- 
tion ; an education that tends to make you free. 
It has placed in your hands the mathematical 
formulas, the microscope or telescope, the scalpel 
or crucible, the spectroscope or balances, wherewith 
lo break down the barriers behind which nature's 
processes are hid. It has made the languages and 
literatures of past and present nations ; the political 
institutions and economic arrangements; the his- 
toric evolution and the moral ideal of mankind no 
longer inclosures from which you are shut out, but 
fields in which you are free to wander, and where 
you begin to feel at home. And yet the deepest 
freedom is something much more vital and personal 



than any institution can impart. It is participation 
r.nd identification in one's entire environment; and 
that involves a genuine surrender of one's self to 
the laws and principles by which each aspect of our 
environment is governed. I have tried to point out 
what some of these more essential adjustments are. 
But the life and spirit of it all is something each 
man must learn for himself. Jesus is the perfect 
Master of this all-round adjustment to our environ- 
ment; and the secret of it you must learn from 
him. Health, and honesty, and thoroughness, and 
sympathy, and reverence : these are some of the 
special aspects of that comprehensive spirit of love 
to God and man which he brought to the world. 
And DOW that the days of college tuition are over, I 
would commend you each and all to his teaching, 
his guidance, his influence and grace. He is the 
truth incarnate in perfect personality ; and if he 
makes you free, you shall be free indeed. The 
service of Christ is perfect freedom ; just because it 
is that true and genuine adjustment to men and 
things which is the will of God. Be true to every 
relation and every claim, natural, human, and 
divine, as Jesus was, and to you as to him will come 
freedom and peace and power. Lot truth be your 
first concern as it was his ; and the truth shall make 
you free. And if the Son shall make you free, you 
shall be free indeed. 


Junior Prize Declamation. 

'HE Junior Prize Declamation of '98 was 
held in Memorial Hall, Monday evening, 
June 21st. The Bowdoin College Orchestra 
furnislied excellent music and was warmly- 
applauded. The capacity of the hall was 
stretched to its utmost, and the selections 
without exception were well delivered and 
well received. The programme was as 
follows : 


The Greek Revolution. — Clay. 
6 Wendell Phillips McKown, Boothbay Harbor. 

The Death-Bridge of the Tay. — Carletou. 
fc Thomas LittleBeld Marble, Gorham, N. H. 

Protection of American Citizens. — Frye. 

Dwight Richard Pennell, Lewiston. 
The Honored Dead. — Beecher. 

* Edwin Ellis Spear, Washington, D. C. 


The New South.— ^Grady. 
1 1 Alfred Benson White, Lewiston. 


The Traditions of Massachusetts. — Lodge. 

Harlan Melville Bisbee, Rumford Falls. 
The Plea of Sergeant Buzfuz. — Dickens. 

Charles Sumner Pettengill, Augusta. ^ 

Adams and Jefferson. — Webster. 

* William Witherle Lawrence, Portland. 1 - 


The Nomination of McKinley. — Thurston. 

Frank Herbert Swan, Westbrook. ' ' 

Regulus to the Carthaginians. — Kellogg. 

Peroival Proctor Baxter, Portland. 
The Soldier's Faith. — Holmes. 

* Robert Robertson Morson, Upton, P. E. I. 7 

The Leadership of Educated Men. — Curtis. 

* Arthur Le Roy Hunt, Lewiston. 

* Excused. 

The judges of the evening were J. C. 
Picliard, '46, D. C. Linscott, '54, and Barrett 
Potter, '78. 

The first prize was awarded to Harlan 
Melville Bisbee and the second to Percival 
Proctor Baxter. 

The committee was Percival Proctor 
Baxter, chairman, William Witherle Law- 
rence, Wendell Phillips McKown. 

'97's Class Day. 


President, William Frye White. 

Marshal, Aldro Amos French. 

Committee, Edgar Gilman Pratt, Chairman, 

Joseph Snow Stetson, Chase Pulsifer. 

MoENiNG Exercises. 
JPUESDAY, June 22d, was observed by 
-^ '97 as her Class Day, and what a perfect 
day it was ! From start to finish everything 
went smoothly. The campus was crowded 
with guests, and all wore a look of con- 
tentment and expectation. The morning's 
exercises were held at Memorial Hall, and 
commenced promptly at 10 o'clock. The 
attendance was unusually large when the 
Salem Cadet Band started upon one of its 
famous marches, to which the Class of '97, 
under the marslialship of A. A. French, 



filed down the aisle and seated themselves 
on the platform. This programme was 
carried out: 


Prayer. John Hastings Quint. 


Oration. Fred Keith Ellsworth. 


Poem. Joseph William Hewitt. 


President William F. White introduced 
the speakers, and their parts were both well 
delivered and well received. The oration 
and poem follow in full. 

Class-Day Oration. 

By F. K. Ellsworth. 

Is man a prisoner of the age in which he lives, or 
is he independent of it? If there is one thing upon 
which thinking men of to-day are more nearly 
agreed than upon any other, it is that everything 
in nature has become what it is by virtue of its 
relations to what has gone before. The time has 
come when we can no longer regard the higher 
thoughts and nobler purposes which lead men to 
right action, as a ready-made product which some 
deity has thrust upon the world. Nor can we 
regard the baser motives which lead men to a 
life of crime as the work of fiends imprisoned within 
the shadowy walls of some subterranean sphere. 
We have come to look upon the more intelligent 
views of life and social relations, as a result of the 
accumulated experience and wisdom of untold ages; 
and to look upon evil as perverted good. 

Science has taught us to question everything 
claimed as a fact that necessitates a break in the 
uniform operation of the laws of nature. If the 
scientist chooses to place a question mark against 
the miraculous events recounted in history, it is a 
privilege granted him by the spirit of the age. 
The philosophy of to-day teaches us to regard truth 
as a whole, in harmony with itself; and if, after the 
different branches of science have collected their 
facts and deduced theories that are contradictory 
when placed in a larger system of relations, the 
devotee of philosophy may be pardoned if he 
chooses to question some fond theory of the scien- 
tists. As in science one unquestionable fact may 
demand a readjustment of all the other facts in a 
system, so in philosophy one well-established theory 

may demand a modification of all other theories so 
as to make room for it in the system of truth to 
which it belongs. 

If we are to form any scientific view of society as 
it exists to-day, we must regard its individual mem- 
bers as parts of the social system in which they are 
placed. And if we seek a philosophy of society, 
which can explain the progress of human history, 
we shall find it in the fact that the institutions, codes, 
and policies of a given time represent the highest 
conceptions of the age they were intended to serve. 
The military organization of the primitive state was 
made necessary by the war-like character of the 
people. A republican form of government is im- 
possible to any people who have not learned the 
art of self-control. The Reign of Terror during the 
French Revolution was the result of mistaking 
liberty for license. The suspicions and jealousies 
engendered by years of oppression and tyranny, 
took full possession of the mobs, and the men who 
were supposed to represent a government dared 
not defy their demands. 

The history of a people is meaningless, unless 
careful attention is paid to the influences exerted 
upon their institutions and customs by the nations 
with whom they come in contact. " By history in 
its highest sense," says Freeman, " we understand 
the history of those nations which have really 
affected one another, so that their whole story from 
the beginning to our own time forms one tale of 
which, if we wholly leave out any part, we cannot 
rightly understand what follows it." The early 
writers of all nations have recognized this necessity, 
and have sought to comply with its requirements, 
in explaining the origin of their race, by means of 
mythological persons in direct descent from the 

The periods of history follow one another in log- 
ical succession, each growing, naturally, out of the 
conditions prepared for it by the preceding age. 
With the downfall of Carthage came a period of 
ease and luxury which made the conquest of Italy 
by the Goths and Vandals a natural result. 

The men who have been prominent in tlie his- 
torical development of the race, are better under- 
stood when viewed in the light of the times in which 
they lived. An Alexander, a Csesai', and a Napoleon 
could never have been produced by an age of peace. 
The spirit of the age in which they lived was that 
of war. Physical courage was the highest virtue. 
To gain renown upon the field of battle was to win 
a crown of glory for which men were ready to sac- 
rifice their livesi 



The story of Braddock's defeat at Port Duquesne 
ailords us an example of a general of unquestioned 
valor, who had become so influenced by the methods 
of warfare in which he had been trained, as to 
utterly disqualify him for efiBcient service under 
changed conditions. When attacked by the Indians 
in ambush he forced his men to stand out in full 
view, to be shot down by an enemy they were 
powerless to resist. 

The literature of a period shows the influence of 
the political and social conditions of the time. The 
war songs and ballads of primitive peoples reveal 
the spirit of the political conditions of which they 
were born. The great demand was for courage in 
battle, and those early expressions of thought were 
designed to inspire bravery in the breasts of the 
soldiers, by recounting the deeds of their chieftain. 
The moral and social ideals of an age are seen in 
the literature it produces. An expurgated copy of 
Shakespeare was not needed in the seventeenth 
century when Dryden and Lee were writing for the 
English stage. It is said that Mrs. Centliver's 
comedies during the period of Queen Anne show no 
trace of purity. 

The men who, by their genius, have exerted a 
lasting influence upon the world, have never been 
appreciated by their generation. The Jews stoned 
their prophets and crucified their Messiah. Tlie 
Greeks ostracized the honest Aristeoden and pois- 
oned their Socrates. The Shakespeare that was 
apologized for in the seventeenth century is ideal- 
ized in the nineteenth. The poets who dared to 
break away from the mechanical form of verse of the 
eighteenth century were persecuted and ridiculed 
by the critics of the day. Lord Jeffrey, commenting 
upon Wordsworth, called him a "drivelling idiot." 

Every age has had its own standards by which 
to judge the moral, intellectual, and social life of 
the time. We look backward over the pages of 
history, and see how systems have arisen by a 
steady growth, and where they have declined, 
leaving behind them only their accumulated experi- 
ence as a warning and a guide to succeeding gen- 
erations. When we attempt to unravel the threads 
of social progress from broken frajjments that 
remain to remind us of the worn-out systems of the 
past, we are surprised at the blindness of the men 
who were then upon the scene of action. But they 
were then, as we are now, parts of a social order, 
prisoners of the age in which they lived, and 
could only move forward with the slow progress of 
intellectual growth. 

In our own country the spirit of individualism 

has been developed to a greater degree than in any 
other nation. In the prologue to the Declaration of 
Independence it is declared, "that all men are 
created equal; that they are endowed by their 
Creator with certain unalienable rights ; that 
among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of 
happiness." This declaration is the direct out- 
growth of the philosophy of men like Rousseau, 
whose famous declaration of "liberty, equality, and 
fraternity" became the war-cry of the French 
Revolution. ■ 

Our celebrated .declaration breathes forth the 
spirit of the time when it was written. But it sets 
forth a doctrine which, if followed to the letter, 
would destroy every vestige of civil liberty we now 
enjoy. Are " all men created equal"? Is not the 
individual born into family relations? Are not our 
earliest memories those of restraints? Are there 
not peculiarities of disposition and temperament 
that we have inherited from our ancestors? And 
have not the influences of the homes in which we 
,were trained determined, to a large extent, the way 
in which we view many political, social, and relig- 
ious questions? The great majority of men in the 
country vote the same party ticket that their fathers 
voted, and for no other reason. 

Few ever rise to a higher social level than the 
one in which the first ten years of their lives are 
spent. The church relations in which children are 
trained almost always determine their religious 
preference in later life. Men are not created equal. 
They are not equal in physical endurance. They 
are not equal in mental endowment. They are not 
equal in moral courage, or love for liberty. 

Freedom is not an unalienable right. Society 
has enacted laws for the government of itself, and 
no man is free to violate them. The right to life 
on the part of one member of society binds him to 
respect the lives of others. If one man murders 
another, society takes his life in return. 

The right to liberty on the part of one member 
of the community, binds him to respect the liberty 
of others. If one person infringes upon the lights 
of another, society places the offender where he 
will not disturb the social order. So with property. 
Society protects the property of one man on con- 
dition that he respect that of another. The only 
unalienable right which the individual possesses is 
the right to do as society tells him. He has a right 
to life so long as the state does not need it. But 
when she commands him to march to the front and 
defend her institutions with his life, he must obey. 
He has a right to property so long as the state does 



not demand it for public use. Tlnus, society has 
devised rules for tlie government of itself which 
make every individual the prisouer of his age. 

Not only does society place legal restrictions 
upon the individual, but custom comes in with her 
set of rules declared to be good form, and no matter 
how ridiculous they may make the individual 
appear, he is almost powerless to resist them. 

In the business world, men are bound by the 
customary rules of trade. So in the professional 
■world. Each profession has its own peculiar cus- 
toms and social relations which its members must 

Institutions have their traditions which succeed- 
ing generations must perpetuate. In the industrial 
world, demand and supply determine what shall 
be produced and at what price it can be sold. 
Competition determines what kind of machinery a 
man must use; when he shall strike the market; 
what shall be the quantity and quality of the goods 
he produces. Both capitalist and laborer have 
found it necessary to give up their individual liber- 
ties and combine their strength, in order to meet 
the demands of the age. Organized labor is trying 
to defend the laboring man against the oppressions 
of organized capital. They treat with one another 
as organizations, and not as individuals. The indi- 
vidual is lost, the organization alone lives on. 

The part played by the individual in American 
politics to-day is exceedingly small. Everything, 
from the ward caucus to the national convention, is 
in the control of the party machine. The platforms 
adopted by conventions are designed moi-e to secure 
votes than to enlighten the voter. The requi- 
sites of a good candidate are, that he be a strong 
party man, and does not have an opinion of his own. 
The candidate sinks his individuality in the party 
system, and appears only when re-election is sought. 
A Congressman may be allowed to say what he 
thinks upon a question at issue, but he must vote 
in accordance with the party policy. If newspaper 
reports can be trusted, our present House of Repre- 
sentatives comes near being a burlesque on the 
name of political liberty. 

In religious thought, tradition has woven a web 
of faith and fancy in which most of our denomina- 
tions have become entangled, and tradition is 
allowed to palm herself off for either Christianity or 
theology, as the case may demand. Few disorinii- 
nate between the two, and the majority will discount 
fact for fiction. Dr. Abbott's recent attempt to 
show that the science of theology is not out of har- 
mony with the prevailing philosophy of the day. 

was the signal for an exhibition of ignorance and 
bigotry that would have been more becoming to an 
earlier age. 

Philosophy has acquired the art of changing her 
form with more ease than her sister subject, theol- 
ogy, and makes her periodical appearances in new 
terminology with old meanings. The Pantheism 
of one century appears as Paulogism in the next, 
with an imaginary distinction between the two 
terms. Philosophy is sometimes thoirght to be the 
sole possession of educated men, but the number of 
philosophical novels published in the last few 
years is an evidence that the fascination of specu- 
lative thought is obtaining a strong hold upon every 
class in the community. 

Almost every conceivable subject, from the 
amoeba to the Creator of the universe, has been 
explained on a theory of evolution. And if one 
should be so bold as to suggest that there are as 
yet limitations to the theory, and regions where its 
explanations are open to question, his courage may 
be admired, but his judgment would doubtless be 

While it is true that man is and always has been 
the prisoner of his age, it is equally true that he 
has been the builder of his own prison. The 
influence of the individual member of society may 
be very slight, but when taken with the combined 
work of others, it accaraulates a momentum that 
forms are powerless to resist. The contributions 
of a single generation to the wisdom of the world 
may bo almost imperceptible, but however slight, 
it is none the less important. 

The institutions and customs that now surround 
us, are the safeguards of society. They represent 
the accumulated wisdom and experience of a million 
years. Remove the restrictions of government, and 
anarchy i-eigns supreme. Remove the custoruary 
rules of trade, and socialism is upon us in an iustaut. 
Remove the customary courtesies and forms of 
social life, and confusion is the inevitable result. 
We shall gain little or no freedom from the destruc- 
tion of old forms. They can be cast aside only 
as they are outgrown. We can move forward only 
with the growing intelligence of the world. Edu- 
cation is the only guarantee of liberty. As we go 
out froui our college home to take up the responsi- 
bilities that society will place upon us, we have a 
right to assume the attitude of intellectual independ- 
ence, and to examine every question at the bar of 
our own reason, and if reason demands that a cus- 
tom be defied, or a tradition broken, we arc bound 
to follow her dictates, as we serve God rather than 



men. Our unconformity may bring dowa upon our 
heads the ridicule and criticism of the public, but 
time will secure our justification if we are right. 

We owe it to ourselves and to future generations 
that we have an intelligent purpose in life, and that 
we follow it at whatever cost. We owe it to this, 
our Alma Mater, that we be loyal to the spirit of 
intellectual independence that has been her glory 
in the past, that is transmitted to us as her choicest 
gift of the present, that contains her brightest hope 
of her future. 

Class-Day Poem. 

By J. W. Hewitt. 
"God wills it!" Long years silent, rings that cry 
Again o'er France. In glowing piety 
Saint Louis has the heavenly call obeyed 
And forth will lead another tierce crusade 
'Gainst Paynim power, to Egypt's distant coast, 
A blow to strike at Islam's western bo8,st. 

There dwelt within the bounds of rich Champagne, 
Reared up in castles neighboring, lovers twain. 
He was Amauri, strong and brave and tall, 
For courtly grace, the pride of festal hall ; 
In tourney's sport, in battle's turmoil grim, 
His prowess, great renown had won for him. 
Tried knights had yielded to his youthful lance : 
No squire so famed in all the land of France. 

His fond companion, e'en from childhood days. 
When, free of heart, they roamed the wildwood 

In childish sport beguiled the careless hours 
Or sought the gladding spring-time's earliest flow'rs, 
Was Marguerite, a dark and slender maid, 
Whose heaven-blue eyes, 'nealh lashes long, 

By their fond sparkle, tender thoughts within. 
And soul unsullied by a taint of sin. 

But now the days of youth were nearly past ; 
Still in the blind god's bonds their souls were fast. 
That longed-for time had come, when he might take 
The vows of knighthood, and his young life stake 
In conflict with God's foe, the Saracen, 
Cruellest, fiercest, bloodiest of men. 
All duties for novitiates laid down 
Were well performed, and he in each had shown 
Himself a true and valiant son of God, 
Worthy to serve him with his toil and blood. 
And see, he stands prepared his arms to take, " 
His armor bright to don, youth's tasks forsake. 

He hears the Master say, in solemn tone : — 
'Obey thy God, and worship Him alone; 
Be bold, be brave, be loyal, never shrink 
From danger's dragon eye, nor even think 
Of flight, defeat, despair, but let all be 
For honor of our noble chivalry 
And the advancement of our holy faith. 
Press ever on ; thine only rest be death." 

In this proud moment by his side tliere stood. 

In bloom of beauty and of maidenhood, 

The lady Marguerite, and as she bound 

Gently the knightly spur his ankle round. 

And handed him the shield, from rim to boss 

With no device or motto marked across, 

And wept to think the parting now so nigh. 

He clasped her fondly to him, strove to dry 

The welling tears, kissed her sweet up-turned face, 

Whispering, " Weep not, neither time nor space 

Can part our hearts, tho' I afar may roam 

On yonder sea, and leagues of barren foam 

May 'twixt us toss their heaving, hoary manes. 

, By Nile's broad stream, on Daraietta's plains. 
To fight that heathen horde, our Saviour's foe. 
The crescent-crowned Mussulman, I go. 
My shield is hare of motto, let me have 
This magic sentence, bidding me be brave : . 

' She sees me, ' blest assurance, let that word 
Be my companion constant, let it gird 
My loins with strength of fire, my arm make steel, 
Infuse my heart with courage. I shall feel. 
In battle's fiercest shock, thine eyes rest calm 
And tear-bedewed upon me, healing balm 
On festering wounds applied, my heav'ns sole star. 
Then can I fail, in yonder fearful wars 
The Saracen to meet, and calmly wait 
For weal or woe, the fixed decree of fate. 
To win the fight, and safe return to thee. 
Or, lying prone, to pour ungrudgingly, 
E'en to the last red drops that slowly well. 
My blood for Christ and thee ? Farewell. Fare- 

So he was gone ; and, to his promise true, 
Soon on his shield, in gold and azure hue, 
Those magic words resplendently outshone. 
These near, he felt least lonely when alone. 

Now on the tideless deep, behold him tossed, 
A speck on Neptune's vasty bosom lost. 
Seated on deck when Luna's glorious car 
Climbed the steep heaven, and that steadfast star 

Which seeks no rest beneath the ocean rim, 

The sailor's guide, suggested oft to him 
Her whom his tireless heart must ever woo. 



As turns the compass-needle, constant, true 
To its far love, the North Star. 

When at last 
That huge array, its ocean perils past, 
Lay camped on sandy plain, lone in his tent. 
When all was still, and the night wind had spent 
Its dying breath in yonder rustling palm. 
Steeped in the restfulness of moonlit calm, 
He felt the quiet in his soul, could hear 
The loved low tones, the words of whispered 

cheer, — 
' She sees me," knew her thoughts from France did fly 
To him alone, beneath that southern sky. 

Great deeds and famous there the French performed. 
The lordly Damietta, fiercely stormed. 
Could not the conquering Christian might withstand. 
But discord, greed, disease, attacked their band. 
And, captured, freedom late they bought with 

Of gold disgraceful, rather than with sword. 
Yet in those struggles stubborn and hard-fought, 
Amauri gained renown, for aye he sought 
The post of danger, with endurance stern 
Joining impetuous bravery, to earn 
His sovereign's highest trust and confidence. 
Still governed by a sentiment intense 
Of loyalty to her, now on life's main 
No more a separate sailor, but by pain 
Of passion fervent, welded to his soul. 
The two, one — one forever. 

Now the roll 
Of white-capped billow crossed once more, returned 
Not knight, but banneret, reward hard-earned. 
With his ancestral arms he hung that shield, 
A charm in peace, as on the bloody field, 
For aye, a spell and comfort to his eyes. 
And, in the after years, when, chance, would rise 
Thoughts of those times of struggle, he would tell 
Once more to Marguerite, who though she well 
The story knew, loved once again to hear. 
Of those past seasons, when her image dear 
Had hovered o'er him, and her eyes did rest 
Upon him, urging him to do his best. 
So had he won, by truth and courage tried. 
His sovereign's favor and his cherished bride. 

We too are entering on a great crusade. 
Long fought and stubborn , — right against the wrong. 
For this fierce conflict, 'neath her fragrant shade, 
Bowdoin has trained her sons. A century long — 

She's sent brave warriors forth the wrong to smite, 
And drag Injustice from her high seat down, 
Its lawful place to give the eternal Right, 
Heeding not danger, nor the lowering frown 
Of Progress' enemies. And Bowdoin's sons 
Have ever proved her teachings cherished well. 
He in whose veins true blood of Bowdoin runs. 
Yields not one inch to Error's armies fell. 
Though rank on rank they hurl their mighty force 
Against his steadfast front, a bristling host. 
As towering billows speed their maddened course 
' Gainst haughty cliffs, on some wild rock-bound 

Our lessons have been learned, our tasks are o'er 
Here in this pleasant shade. Bowdoin has done 
Her best for us ; from out her bounteous store 
Her century-gathered treasures on each one 
Has lavished, that we too may some day reach 
The lofty heights gained by those noble souls 
Who trod these walks before us ; sought to teach 
Where wrong lay, where lay the right; has shown 

the goals 
That each should strive for. 'Neath yon towers' 

Four years we've loved the music of her name. 
With loyal hearts, her honor, ours have made ; 
Stainless we leave it, e'en as when we came. 
Forth as we go to play on life's wide stage 
Our needed part, like knight of old we know 
Her eyes rest on us, as on her an age 
In wonder gazes. Shall we then be slow 
To action brave ? Her eyes no tears must spill 
To see her son a slave in Error's train. 
Nay, rather must her breast with fond pride fill 
To see the evil downed yet once again 
And by her manly sons as oft before. 
As yon sad tablatures which skirt this hall 
Mark those brave souls, who in the battle's fore. 
Proved themselves worthy sons of Bowdoin all. 
Such she delights to honor, for 'tis they 
Who honor her, who are the surest sign 
Of her high power, who make her proudly say 
O'er their wept graves: "There lies a son of 


Bowdoin! we honor thee, and our farewell, — 
Our best farewell, most grateful to thine ears. 
Is earnest promise, ever to excel 
In fealty to thee ; and as the years 
Roll o'er that lovely whitening head of thine, 
Thy honor be, e'en as thy color, pure ! 
Thou art the mother of a goodly line 
And in thy sons' affection rest secure. 



Afternoon Exercises. 
Under the branching arms of the old 
Thorndike Oak, surrounded by scores of 
pretty girls in gay attire, the Class of '97 
completed its day's literary programme. The 
programme was of a high order of excellence 
and was as follows : 


Opening Address. George Monroe Brett. 


History. George Edgar Carmichael. 


Prophecy. Stephen Osgood Andros. 


Parting Address. Alfred Page Cook. 


The parts are printed below in full: 
Opening Address. 

By George M. Brett. 

"Morituri Salulamus^'' was our beloved Long- 
fellow's greeting on that memorable fiftieth anniver- 
sary of his renowned class. Victuri SahUamus is 
our greeting on this our bright and happy Class Day. 

His was the last but ever hopeful voice of a small 
band of men, who for fifty years had traveled the 
rough road of life with success to themselves and 
honor to their Alma Mater. Ours is the joyous cry 
of a large class, which this day takes its first step 
into the world of conflict and activity. May our 
journey be as long and successful as theirs ! 

Victuri Salutamus ; we who are about to live 
salute you. I say we who are about to live, not that 
we have been dead or even asleep in the past — nay, 
some of us, perhaps, have been too lively at times 
during our college course to maintain the dignity 
required by our worthy President and Faculty — but 
now that we are brought to the point of realization, 
we can see that the life upon which we are about to 
enter differs from our college life in a great many 

Those past four years we shall reckon as the 
pleasantest years in our memory, as my classmates 
will all agree. Every summer we have separated 
to spend a pleasant vacation with our friends, always 
anticipating a happier time at the return in the fall. 
We have been free from cares and responsibilities. 
And yet, have I not heard the undergraduate telling 
the hesitating high school student what a grand thing 
a college course is, because it throws one upon his 
own responsibility ? Yes, and he is right to a certain 

extent. We have been away from home and have 
felt responsible to our parents and friends. But to 
them has belonged the real care and worry; to 
them, who have labored and deprived themselves of 
luxuries and even necessities in order that we might 
secure an education. For nine-tenths of us every 
trouble has been straightened out by placing the 
responsibility upon our parents' shoulders. 

From now on the burden is changed. To-day we 
step from the smaller college world into that broader 
one of busy every-day life. We cannot come back 
here together next fall as we have for the past four ; 
but we must separate and each one pursue his own 
chosen profession. As doctors, lawyers, ministers, 
teachers, or citizens, our, responsibilities are multi- 
plied and we must assume them ourselves. 

But let us congratulate ourselves that we have 
had such a golden opportunity to prepare for the 
duties which society will thrust upon us. Who is it 
that leads and ennobles every walk in life? It is the 
college graduate. In literature the college has more 
influence than any other factor. To be sure some of 
our masterpieces have been written by men of self- 
education. But it is the moulding and developing 
character of a university training alone which can 
give true permanence and advancement to a country's 
literature. In science the progress of the college is 
more marked than in any other branch. Thecurric-, 
ulum of to-day is scientific as well as classical. 
Persistent experimenting in the laboratories brings 
forth inventions and discoveries which undeveloped 
genius would take years to produce. In medicine, 
law, and politics the same formula is true. 

The influence and training of a college course 
places its recipients at the head of their i:)rofessions, 
while the demand for higher instruction in the 
gospel and in the schools can be supplied only by 
the highest institutions of learning. 

Although our class contains leaders in all these 
professions, some of our names cannot be inscribed 
upon the I'oU of fame. Some of us must be content 
with less lofty achievements. But we all owe it to 
old Bowdoin, our dear Alma Mater, not to be, as was 
the Roman clerk in our poet's story : 

" Tempt from our books and our nobler selves " 
to the gain of earthly riches and vanity. It is the 
duty of every one of us, as a college graduate, to 
work for the sake of the work and to live noble lives 
of integrity and uprightness. 

It is a time-honored custom with our college to 
celebrate this last day of undergraduate life by an 
account of our deeds and exploits of the past and of 
the future. If aught in the record of them seems 



egotislical to any of you, I crave that you will pardon 
it as due, not to self-esteem, but to the mingled feel- 
ings of joy and sadness at this inevitable parting. 

You, O ancient Pines, who have whispered the 
fame of our college for so many years ; and you, O 
cherished Halls, about whom so many pleasant mem- 
ories cling, we fondly greet for the last time. 

To you, kind parents and friends, who have 
labored so unceasingly for our success, and who have 
watched our progress so carefully and aifectionately, 
to you we extend a most hearty and cordial welcome 
to dear old Bowdoin and the Class Day of '97. 

Class History. 

By G. E. Carmichael. 
Ladies and Gentlemen : 

This class which you see before you has been 
making history very rapidly during the last four 
years, and it is but fitting that you, who have gath- 
ered here to help us celebrate our Class Day, should 
be told something of the college life of 'Ninety-seven. 

Were a Prescott or a Bancroft given this task 
which now is mine, he would find very little mate- 
rial out of which he could construct a history. A 
few records, good, bad, or indifferent on the books 
of the Faculty, and a few more in the pages of the 
college publicatious, would be the sum total of 
available material. No, such a task as this is not 
for a historian of great renown, but simply for one 
who has lived the whole life of 'Ninety-seven from 
beginning to end and has shared all her sorrows 
and joys. 

To such a one the question is not " Whore shall 
I begin?" but "Where shall I stop?" Out of the 
confused jumble of incidents that fill up the brain 
of the retrospective historian, which shall he take 
for a class history? For to tell them all would 
require many volumes. It is hard to decide. All 
things, however, begin with the beginning, and the 
beginning of the life of a class at Bowdoin as such 
is its first chapel exercise. 

As the bell began to ring for chapel on the morn- 
ing of September nineteenth, eighteen hundred 
ninety-three, the various members of the Class of 
'Ninety-seven began to put in an appearance. By 
that subtle intuition which will ever remain a prob- 
lem for psychologists to solve, we recognized each 
other as Freshmen and classmates, and withdrew a 
little from the happy crowd of upper-classmen. The 
martial strains of "Old Phi Chi " were ringing out 
from the throats of the merry Sophomores. On all 
sides were salutations, hand-shaking, and gladness. 

except in the group of Freshmen who looked on in 
innocent astonishment and vainly tried to make out 
the words of "Phi Chi." 

At last the bell stopped ringing and we found 
ourselves at our first chapel exercise. Perhaps if 
we had known what trouble these same chapel 
exercises would give some of us in the future, we 
would have prayed that this first might also be our 
last. It was soon over, however, and if one or two 
of our number started to come out before the Sen- 
iors, they soon discovered their mistake. We ran the 
customary gauntlet of canes and Sophomores, and 
at last found ourselves free to roam about the 
campus, provided we did not get too near the dor- 
mitory windows. 

All sorts and conditions of men we were. Dead 
game sports from Gardiner and Rockland, and 
unsophisticated innocents from Portland and Lew- 
iston ; big men and little men, young men and old 
men, and even married men and single men went 
into the make-up of this glorious class. 

Every night during the first week we received 
at the parlors of Mr. William R. Field, and regaled 
the whole Sophomore Class with fruit and confec- 
tionery, while Jim Rhodes worked the slot-machine 
for cigars for the crowd. The usual first-week pro- 
gramme of impromptu concerts, cock-fights, and 
song and dance numbers was carried out to the 
full, and occasionally there issued a doleful sound 
from the tombs in the neighboring grave-yard. 

The class was somewhat embarrassed at first 
through lack of leaders, but soon Bill White and 
Julius Howard Bradford Fogg camo bravely to the 
front and constituted themselves President pro 
tempore and authority upon parliamentary rules. 
Under the efQcient leadership of these modest young 
men we had a class meeting and transacted much 

In the athletic contests of the first week we won 
the rope- pull, after vain attempts to pull up a 
hydrant and several trees, and, though we made a 
plucky fight, we lost the foot-ball game. The last 
event of the week was the base-ball game, and here 
'Ninety-seven began to show what her boys could 
do in this line, for our unpracticed nine, playing 
together for the first time, gave the veterans of 
'Ninety-six so hard a struggle that they won the 
respect of all. It was in this game that " the boy 
from Gardiner," of sainted memory, won fame for 
himself and established the foundation of a great 
reputation as a pitcher. The foundation is still 
there. Thus the first week came to an end, and 
'Ninety-seven took up its college work with the 



energy and persistence that has always character- 
ized the class. In spite of required mathematics 
we succeeded in getting out about twenty-flve can- 
didates for a foot-ball team, and had the satisfac- 
tion of beating the Colby Freshmen, 18 to 4. The 
Rugby game with 'Ninety-six came and was gone, 
and we found consolation only in the fact that we 
had scored on the strong 'Ninety -six team by clear 
good playing at a critical point. Our visions of vic- 
tory and glory had vanished, for the score stood 40 
to 6 against us. 

The day before Thanksgiving we undertook to 
spring our new twenty-seven section class yell at 
the station, but as the time was short and the 
Sophomores restless, we left off the last twenty-six 
sections by mutual consent, and have since used 
only the first. We passed through our first experi- 
ence of final examinations with fear and trembling, 
and returned for the winter term with only three 
members missing. Of these, one had left to enter 
the Medical School and another on account of 

The winter term passed along smoothly, and 
nothing of importance happened until the last day, 
when the following notice appeared upon the bul- 
letin-board : " Freshman Examination in Greek 
postponed till next term. — F. E. Woodruff." 
Half of the class, being somewhat distrustful of the 
notice, which seemed too good to be true, decided 
to go to Memorial Hall at any rate and see if Pro- 
fessor Woodruff was there. They found him there 
calmly awaiting the arrival of the class and wholly 
ignorant of the notice of postponement. Great was 
the surprise of that portion of the class which had 
swallowed the notice whole when their rank in 
Greek for the term was sent home, and greater still 
was their disgust on returning to Brunswick to learn 
that the notice was a base fraud. 

Spring term, with its showers falling alike upon 
the just and the unjust, was now with us. As the 
buds began to swell, so did our heads, in anticipa- 
tion of Sophomore triumphs, but while everything 
around us was steadily growing greener, 'Ninety- 
seven steadily matured and began to assert herself 
as an important factor in the life of the college. 

We had a boat-race— a statement, by the way, 
which no other class now in Bowdoin can make — 
and if our crew did not win, they rowed a plucky 
race and received well-deserved commendations. 
On Field Day we started out to win first place, but 
seeing that our friends the Juniors desired it very 
much, weiet them have it. The banquet at Port- 
laud closed the year in a fitting manner, and the 

punch-bowl which we broke on that occasion was, 
at last accounts, almost paid for. 

Sophomores! Vacation over and 'Ninety-seven 
once more gathered together! Everybody hailed 
the campus with a yell and shook hands until his 
arm ached. We had returned sixty-four men, hav- 
ing lost five of the original members of the class, 
and having gained three others. During the year 
we lost five more. Billy Merrill stayed with us only 
long enough to help us beat 'Ninety-eight at foot- 
ball, and then, finding the class too swift for him, 
he dropped back into 'Ninety-eight, which he has 
easily led ever since. 

The first week of Sophomore year passed off as 
usual. We let the Freshmen take their turn at 
pulling up the hydrant, and we also won the foot- 
ball game. The base-ball game was the next thing 
in order, and seeing that 'Ninety-eight's team was 
weak in batting and needed practice, we allowed 
Harry Sawyer to pitch until the Freshmen got a 
sufficient lead to make the game interesting, and 
then the invincible " Mamie " stepped in and 'Ninety- 
feight's fun was over. 

The first few weeks of the year were filled with 
good-natured sport. Secret societies sprang up in 
every end, and lucky was the Freshman who escaped 
initiation into some one of them. Grave-yard excur- 
sions, artist's clubs, and open-air concerts flourished, 
and late each night could be heard " Phi Chi," and 
the ringing 'Ninety-seven yell. 

We had a horn-concert— in fact '97 was the last 
class to indulge in this harmless (?) amusement. It 
has been said concerning us that we did not dare 
to stay out of " horn-concert." All I have to say 
in reply is that we did dare to go into it, which is 
more than can be said of certain other classes. We 
had a very good time that night watching the two 
upper classes trying in vain to squeeze water from 
a hydrant, which, thanks to our foresight, failed to 
respond to their efforts. Later the same two classes 
held a joint peanut drunk, which from their point 
of view was very successful. 

It was during this term that an event occurred 
which attracted much attention on all sides. One 
morning we noticed a small white banner floating 
from the chapel spire. With a field-glass and some 
difficulty the figures '"98" could be seen thereon. 
Great was our surprise and chagrin. Most of us 
were inclined to believe that it was the work of 
some bold Junior, but a few were willing to place 
the credit where it was due. A few days later the 
name of the daring Freshman was revealed, and it 
was shown that the latter were right. 



It mattered little, however, who put the banner 
up; the all-important question was, who should 
take it down ? In a class like ours this was easily 
settled, and, during the night following the appear- 
ance of 'Ninety-eight's banner, brave Dan MacMil- 
lan climbed the lightning-rod of the spire and 
descended in safety, and to the anxious eyes of the 
'Ninety-seven hoys the next morning there appeared 
the glorious sight of the chapel spire crowned with 
a plug hat and a huge banner proclaiming to all 
the world that 'Ninety-seven was still on top. Do 
you wonder that we carried Mac into chapel on our 
shoulders that moruiug'? 

The time drew near for the Rugby game with 
'Ninety-eight, and excitement waxed high. We had 
a strong team and were confident of victory, while 
the 'Ninety-eight boys said little but worked hard. 
We won the game 6 to 0, but many in the class 
overran their appropriations for that term. 

In the spring we tried to have a boat-race, but 
owing to the Jewish element in 'Ninety-six and the 
inability of the Freshmen to realize that other shells 
were to be had besides the 'Ninety-six shell, our 
challenges were not accepted. 'Ninety-seven there- 
fore is and probably will remain the last Bowdoin 
class to have issued a challenge for a boat-race. 

The year of Sophomoric wildness and freedom 
soon came to an end, and we scattered once more, 
already beginning to feel our Junior dignity. We 
came back dreaming of girls and of that mythical 
haven of rest known as ''Junior ease," which, sad 
to say, we never found. We had lost no men from 
the class, but had gained four, and we now num- 
bered sixty-three. During the year, however, we 
lost Rhines, whom ill-health compelled to leave, 
and Thompson, whom we gave over to Uncle Sam, 
and West Point gained through our loss. Henry 
Warren left to study medicine, while several others, 
after an interview with our worthy President, 
decided that their presence was needed elsewhere. 

It was with sincere grief that we heard of the 
death of Tapley, a former classmate. We all knew 
and liked him, and I think there was not a man in 
the class who did not feel a deep and genuine sor- 
row at the news of bis death. 

Junior year glided along rapidly. The first term 
was marked by the signal success of 'Ninety-eight's 
Turkey Supper, the burning of the Maine Central 
Railroad station, and the " library scrap," in which 
a body of Sophomores, guarding a banner which 
they had bung up in the chapel, were surprised and 
overcome by a band of upper-classmen. Thepar- 
ticipants in this memorable contest met President 

Hyde a few days after, and all would have undoubt- 
edly taken a short vacation had it not been for the 
brave and warlike appearance of Bill White and 
Fat Davis, who came in with shot-guns just in the 
nick of time. After an interesting lecture by the 
President, the company was photographed, and the 
picture may now be found in the Rogues' Gallery, 
in charge of Mr. G. M. Brett. 

We resolved to profit by the experience of the 
class ahead of us, and not publish a Bugle that we 
could not pay for, but still to publish a book that 
should be representative of the college. This we 
did, and the only slur that was ever cast upon it 
came from a publication so inferior to ours in every 
way that we pass it by with deserved contempt. 
Our Ivy exercises were a grand success, and all who 
attended will long remember 'Ninety-seven's Ivy 

Vacation came and went, and we returned once 
more, glad to get back, but our joy was clouded by 
two things. We realized that it was our last year, 
and we missed tlie familiar faces of 'Ninety-six. We 
numbered at the beginning of this year, fifty-nine 
men, having lost three and gained three. Two 
have since left us. We have tried to realize that it 
was our last year at Bowdoin, but it has sped swiftly 
away, and to-day we find ourselves celebrating the 
day to which we have looked forward for years — 
our Class Day. 

No history of 'Ninety-seven would be complete 
without mentioning a few of the bright and shining 
lights of which the class is composed. Our Ency- 
clopedia of Universal Information is Freddie Dole, 
who has never been known to forget anything he 
has once learned. He is a splendid man to have 
for a neighbor in an examination, and, under the 
efflcient management of Reuel Smith, seats in his 
vicinity have often sold for fabulous sums. Senator 
Frye's grandson is also a member of the class. We 
have a famous actor and reader, M. Sumner Coggan, 
who is also a foot-ball player. The Falstaff of the 
class is Blake, generally known as "Tammany." 
His motto is " Laugh and grow fat," and those who 
know him best afBrin that his practice accords with 
his preaching. I must not forget to mention Georgie 
.Haines, renowned far and wide as the toughest man 
in the class, or the late Mr. Hanlon, better known 
as "Flying Spud." Tomasso Keohan achieved 
distinction during his course by bemg elected poetry 
editor of the Bowdoin Orient, when, as he him- 
self affirmed, he had never written a single thing 
for it. Charles Lamb is the ladies' man of the 
class, having but one rival, Jack Morse. Haw% 



Lord and Jira Russell vie with each other for the 
distiDotioD of Class Sport. At last accounts Jim was 
a little ahead, because Dinimick joined the Bon Ami 
Club. Harriman has the honor of being the father 
of the class baby, with E. P. Pratt a close second. 

We stand before you to-day, a class of fifty- 
seven — the largest class Old Bowdoin has ever 
graduated. We have taken an active part in the 
college life during our course here, and have been 
well represented in all lines of college work. In 
Harriman, Varrell, Hewitt, Dole, Quint, and many 
others, we have scholars of a genuine type. In foot- 
ball we claim to have had in Stearns the. best end, 
and in MacMillan the swiftest back that Bowdoin 
has ever had. The latter was forced by sickness to 
leave us at the end of last year, and it becomes his 
sad duty to graduate next year. We heartily con- 
gratulate 'Ninety-eight, but we are extremely sorry 
for Mac. In Shute and French in the line we have 
two men who have ever played a hard, steady game, 
and helped to win many a hard-fought battle. 

On the track we are represented by French and 
Home. To the latter the class and the college 
alike owe a debt of gratitude, for when Bowdoin 
most needed help on the track "Jim" was right 
there, and our first respectable showing at Worces- 
ter was" due mainly to him. A series of unlucky 
accidents have prevented the fulfillment of an 
athletic career of great promise, but Home has 
done his work and done it well, and college and 
class allk« unite in extending to him their hearty 

It is, however, in our base-ball prowess that we 
take most pride, and our base-ball spirit crops out 
in strange places. Once during Junior year the 
Political Economy division decided the tariff ques- 
tion by a base-ball game with a majority in favor of 
free-trade. This term the Jutes and Ishmaelites 
have crossed bats on the Delta, and later. Captain 
Tammany Blake led the Pinktownwheelers on to 
glorious defeat administered by the Wingtownpeel- 
ers under the leadership of Captain Jack Morse. 

But, all joking aside, our record in base-ball is 
one of which any class might well be proud. Four 
years we have filled the most important positions 
on the team. Pour years we have had the catcher, 
three years the pitcher, and twice we have had the 
captaincy. We have had, in Bodge and Haines, one 
of the best batteries that Bowdoin has ever had, 
and in Hull a man who has played half of the posi- 
tions on the team and filled them all equally well. 

Following are our class statistics : Of the 57 
men in the class, 4 are from Massachusetts, 3 from 

New Hampshire, 1 from New Jersey, 1 from Rhode 
Island, and the rest from Maine. The oldest man 
in the class is Ellsworth, aged 29 years and 7 
months. The youngest is Varrell, aged 18 years 
and 11 months. The average age is 22 years 6 
months. The tallest man is Blake, whose height is 
6 feet 2 inches. Booker and P. W. Davis are tied 
for the place of shortest man, the height of each 
being 5 feet 4 inches. The average height is 5 feet 
7.68 inches. The heaviest man is Harriman, who 
tips the scal'esat 217 pounds. The lightest is Elliot, 
who weighs 123 pounds. Average, 158 1-2 pounds. 
We have two Cinderellas, Booker and Hagar, who 
both wear No. 4 shoes. White has the biggest head 
in the class, for he wears a 7 1-2 hat. After him 
there is E. F. Pratt, who also wears a 7 1-2 hat. 
There are 10 men who wear hats of the 7 1-4 size. 
The average is 6.9. 27 men in the class use tobacco. 
3 men are married and 3 more are engaged. There 
are 38 Republicans, 16 Democrats, 2 Independents. 
There are 28 Cougregationalists, 7 Methodists, 5 
Baptists, 4 Universalists, 2 Episcopalians, 1 Swe- 
denborgian, 2 Agnostics, and 7 who are indifferent 
on the subject. 15 members will teach, 7 will enter 
the ministry, 14 will study law, 8 will study medi- 
cine, 4 will go into business, 1 will study art, 1 den- 
tistry, 1 electricity, J pharmacy, 3 are undecided, 
and one, the President of the Bon Ami Club, wiH 
be a gentleman of leisure. 

And now I am done. Before the sun of another 
day has set, the life of 'Ninety-seven as under- 
graduates of Old Bowdoin will be, like this history, 

Class Prophecy. 

By S. O. Andros. 
Mr. President, Members of ''97, and Friends of the 
Class : 

Shortly after I was delegated to act as a committee 
of one for ascertaining and recording the futures of 
my class, I began to wonder by what process I could 
predict the careers of these men who were destined 
to become renowned. Since I am not a Wall Street 
speculator, accustomed to dealing in "futures," this 
small, diminutive wonder gradually began to assume 
gigantic proportions and became an immense, robust 
doubt as to whether I was able to reveal the manner 
in which these men of '97 were to become illus- 

Science has turned her search-light upon almost 
every subject, and scientific investigation has become 
the rule, rather than the exception, but the future 
still remains an unexplored country — unexplored 



save by " Class Prophets." Eagerly I searched the 
list of" the latest inventions, seeking some device for 
reading what is to be in our lives, but I could find 
nothing to aid me ; the most recent products of 
man's ingenuity gave me no help. Sorrowfully I 
turned from Science and her achievements, to look 
further — but in what direction ? Wildly I prayed to 
Somnus, God of Sleep, asking him to loan me the 
use of his son, Morpheus, for only one night, but in 
vain ; no dream came to me. I fell purposely from 
the horizontal bar in " Whit's Gym," striking on my 
head, but among all the tableaux phantasma that 
appeared to me consequent to my fall, there was not 
one that gave me any information concerning my 
classmates after their graduation. Holding, as I 
did, the position of Foreman of the Jury, I was 
debarred from "hitting the bowl" as a means of 
inspiration. How I longed for the faculty of 
Melanipus, the first mortal endowed with prophetic 
power. Gradually there grew upon me a sense of 
my inability to prophesy ; I began to despair, and 
finally I resolved to give up the attempt and acknowl- 
edge myself to be defeated. Acting upon this reso- 
lution, I ceased to make any endeavor to play the 
part of Oracle, and devoted myself entirely to my 
studies. Time flew by till the fifth week of spring 
term was reached, and still no ideas relative to my 
prophecy were produced ; in fact, I almost had for- 
gotten that this task, equal to any of those of Hercules, 
was not completed. 

But I have wearied you enough by descriptions 
of how I did not write ray prophecy ; I will tell you 
now how I did come to write it. 

One afternoon when, mirabile dictu, I was not 
"plugging," I strayed into the Senior Lab. I saw 
a large evaporating dish on a bracket in one of the 
desks and beneath it a Bunsen burner. Remember- 
ing the many times that, in that very room, I had 
labored assiduously, pouring acids into alkalies and 
vice versa, according to the instructions of Prof. 
Rob., I decided that it would give me pleasure to 
mix the ditt'erent chemicals promiscuously and irre- 
sponsibly ; so hunting after and finding a tray of 
chemicals, I seized a bottle of cone. H'-SO-', and 
pouring it into the ijvaporating dish I added to it a 
large quantity of Potassium Ferrocyanide and lighted 
the lamp beneath ; then as some pleasant memories 
of happy days during my college course came to 
me, I sat down and, forgetting my chemical solution, 
fell into a reverie and gave myself up to reminis- 
cences. I do not know how long I thus sat there 
wrapt in thought — it must have been an hour — when 
the door from the hall opened and "Rob." entered, 
bringing his isreoccupied air with him. Seeing me, 

he said, "Mr. Andros, if you will come with me — 
let me see, CO^ is gaseous, and in freeing from com- 
pounds, effervesces — er, as I was saying, Andros, if 
you will come with me 1 will show you something 
that may interest you." Wondering whether he was 
about to show me a piece of hematite that he had 
found in his garden, or a precipitate of arsenic from 
the Brunswick water, I followed him. We went 
through the basement and upstairs to "Hutch's" 
private laboratory, where the imperturbable Hutch 
himself awaited us. He greeted me with a nod, and 
then Rob. disclosed to me a secret that made me 
thrill with joy. It was nothing more nor less than 
that they had Invented a machine for seeing into the 
future. As soon as they had made perfect the 
Aldehyde lamp, so Rob. said, they had begun work 
upon this machine, which was intended to carry their 
names down to posterity as the two most ingenious 
men of their age, as indeed thoy are. I had noticed, 
when I entered, that one corner of the room was 
hidden by a curtain, and to this curtain they now led 
me. With one of his superb gestures. Hutch pulled 
it aside and left exposed to my curious gaze their 
wonderful invention. As I examined it gingerly, 
they explained its mechanism to me. To be brief, 
and not to be technical, I will describe only the gen- 
eral appearance of this mysterious machine. It 
resembled a large camera on a tripod, and Rob. 
told me that through the small aperture in front 
the inquisitive person was to look, and that on what 
would correspond to the ground-glass of a camera 
would appear one picture in the life of any pei'sou 
requested. I could name as manj' men as I wished, 
he said, and one picture in the life of each would 
appear. He then called my attention to a dial on 
the front of this machine containing figures from 20 
to 70, On whichever figure I pressed, the picture 
that then appeared would be in the year of life cor- 
responding to that figure. Such was the machine, 
and such its operation. I was eager to begin and 
clear up my difficulties in foretelling the futures of 
the members of '97, and immediately I asked per- 
mission to look through that aperture and see for 
myself the futures of my classmates. This permis- 
sion was readily granted on condition that a nickel 
should be dropped into the slot for each picture 
shown. This slot had escaped my notice up to this 
time, and upon inquiry Kob. told me that the weight 
of the nickel released a spring that set the machinery 
in motion, and that the nickels dropped into this slot 
were given to Robinson Bros., Printers. When I 
had assented to his proposition, placing me on an 
insulated stool, Rob. told me that I might begin. 
With trembling fingers, I dropped a nickel in the 



slot, pressed the figure 28, and placing my eye at 
th'} opening, said, " Let me see a picture in the life 
of " Ram " Pratt when he is 28 years (>f age." When 
I first looked in, I saw only a plate of ground glass, 
but presently there appeared figures and colors, 
gradually growing more distinct, until finally the 
picture, clear in every detail, appeared. Intently I 
gazed, but at first could not understand the meaning 
of what was shown me. I will tell you what I saw, 
and I believe you will appreciate my bewilderment. 
I seemed to be looking into a large room, around 
the sides of which were comfortable arm-chairs to 
the number of twenty. In every one of these chairs 
was cozily ensconced an old lady, and at the side of 
each was a table, on which was a tea-tray containing 
cups and saucers. On a platform at the head of the 
room, seated on a large throne, was "Ram" Pratt. 
The light from the open fire cast over his classic 
features a soft, warm glow, giving to his counte- 
nance a benign expression that I never had seen 
before. The whole room seemed pervaded by an 
atmosphere of contentment, and "Ram" was the 
most contented of all those contented beings. What 
could this mean, I thought. From his conspicuous 
position, I judged that Pratt must be in authority, 
but what about the old ladies? Ah! Suddenly I 
remembered Pratt's expressed preference for ladies 
over 54 years of age, and I understood all. This 
was one of the rooms in an Old Ladies' Home, of 
which Pratt was the founder and patron. Could any 
occupation be more sublime than that of easing 
these aged bits of femininity down the incline to the 
grave which waited all of them in a few years ? I 
understood now why the fire-light had seemed like 
a halo about "Ram's " head. I looked again through 
the opening to study more closely the details, but 
the picture had disappeared. So, then, "Ram" was 
happy. Well, he always was fortunate ; witness his 
success in the game in which he " bid two and 
called." With a sigh, partly of envy for "Ram's" 
luck in having his wishes fulfilled and partly of 
sorrow at parting with my money, I dropped another 
nickel in the slot, pressing figure 29, and said : 
"Let me see Blake." The picture that appeared 
this time surprised me so greatly that I nearly fell 
off the stool on which I was standing. The picture 
that I had seen before was one of peace and calm, 
painted in quiet colors ; this one was all bustle and 
hurry, and painted in as many different colors as 
appeared on Coggan's face when desciibing leader- 
ship as "conscious and unconscious." It represented 
a ball-room, as I determined, and was filled with 
dainty damsels in abbreviated skirts and hyphenated 
sleeves. temporal mores ! Blake a teacher of 

ballet dancing ! He stood in a graceful position and 
seemed to be resting from recent gyrations. I 
noticed the looks of awe and admiration on the faces 
of his pupils, and by these tokens I knew that Blake, 
in his role as devotee of Terpsichore, was suc- 
cessful . 

Fishing out another nickel, I deposited it in that 
never-to-be-satiated slot (the proceeds from which 
were going to Robinson Bros., Printers), and press- 
ing the figure 30, called for a picture of "Mamie" 
Bodge. It came slowly, and I thought for a moment 
that I was looking at one of the pastoral scenes that 
Virgil so wonderfully describes in his Bucolics. (If 
I were to take Latin next year, that last sentence 
would ensure me first-class standing.) In the mid- 
dle of a half-plowed field, beside a two-horse plow, 
leaning gracefully upon it in his usual pose, stood 
"Mary," with a far-oft" look in his "eygle ei," that 
look so often observed on the faces of deep thinkers. 
He stood with outstretched hand, calling the beauties 
of the landscape to the attention of his companion, 
who held the reins of the horses ; and truly, that bit 
of scenery was worthy of admiration. The green, 
level fields stretched away to meet the horizon, and 
in the twilight of a spring day formed a likeness of 
tranquil farming life that could not be excelled. But 
what had so transformed "Mary?" What could 
have changed him from the giddy man of fashion to 
a farmer? Seeking for an answer, I glanced about 
the environments ; surely I had met that driver of 
the horses before! Yes, it was "Kid" Lord; no 
longer the irresponsible, mischievous "Kid" of our 
college days, but a man on whose face was the stamp 
of a high, noble purpose in life ; his clothes were as 
plain and homely as were "Mary's." In his pocket 
was a book, the title of which I could see was 
" Hegel's Philosophy of History. " Well, there was 
a change in " Diramick. " I remember that his 
favorite author used to be Archibald Clavering Gunter, 
and now no lighter reading than the most abstruse 
Philosophy will suflice him. And this is the man 
who confirmed "Pink's" belief in evolution! I 
looked in a different direction, at the neatly white- 
washed buildings. Over the door of what was evi- 
dently the main dwelling-house was a sign bearing 
the words : 

"Hegel Farm. Milk Fok Sale." 

This, then, was the I'eason for the sequestration 
of these two members of '97. A second Brook 
Farm experiment had been formed by these ardent 
seekers after Truth, for the purpose of studying 
Philosophy. Having a community of interest and 
making a community of property, they finally had 
decided to consolidate themselves, and, living far 


apart from their fellow-men, earn their daily bread 
by the sweat of their brow and meditate on the vanity 
of things worldly and the wonderful system of the 

With a feeling of exaltation at the sublimity of 
these men's occupation, I fished out another nickel, 
pressed figure 31, and demanded to see Ackley. 
This time it was the interior of a church that was 
shown me, in which the ceremony of ordaining 
Ackley was being conducted in the orthodox manner. 
There on the platform was Ackley, with that devout 
expression of his, and there also were Adams and 
Booker, Adams in the flowing robes of a bishop, 
and Booker as assistant in the ceremony, with a 
flowing moustache. The church was crowded, and by 
the happy faces turned towards the pulpit, I could 
see that this was an event looked forward to with 
delight by the congregation. It was an affluent 
congregation that attended this church, for evidences 
of wealth were visible, in the upholstering of the 
pews and the carpeting of the floor ; so Ackley must 
be going to have a fat salary. 

Pressing figure 35 I dropped another nickel in 
the slot and called for a picture of John Quint. A 
more complete antithesis of the last picture could 
not be imagined. Instead of a richly furnished 
church, I was looking at a room resembling the 
interior of a barn. The only similarity between the 
two pictures was that each contained a pulpit, but 
there the likeness ended. Instead of an immense 
congregation, there was a mere handful of people ; 
instead of the inane, comfortable look on the faces 
of the former assembly, the countenances of this 
audience wore a look of close, undivided attention to 
the words of the speaker. The speaker was John 
Quint ; at a glance I appreciated the situation ; 
because of the unsoundness of John's theology he 
had been unable to obtain the pastorate of any ortho- 
dox church and so had hired this bare hall and was 
preaching to these faithful few who preferred origi- 
nality and truth to the beaten path and error. I 
almost could seem to hear liim denouncing the gulli- 
bility of the ordinary church-goer. I almost could 
hear him asking for proofs of the wildly fantastic 
creeds postulated by the different churches, but while 
I looked and thought, the picture faded from my 
sight and left only the blank glass. 

I dropped another nickel in the mouth of that 
money-hungry slot, and pressing figure 24 demanded 
to see Home. On the glass there gradually appeared 
a shooting gallery. The most conspicuous figure 
was "Jimmy," who stood near the railing at the 
extreme end of the gallery, loading the rifles and 
holding them out beseechingly to the occupants of 

the room, as if begging them to try three shots for 
five cents. Jim always was fond of a rifle, and even 
in college had become expert in its use, so that I 
was not at all surprised to see him at his present 

This time I deposited my nickel, pressed figure 
56, and asked to see Harriman. This picture seemed 
to take a long time in making its appearance, and I 
was somewhat surprised, when it did appear, to see 
nothing but an immense book, the title of which was 
"A Refutation of Giddings's Sociology, by A. S. 
Harriman." No explanation was necessary to me 
when I had read tliis title. The production of this 
volume had been the labor and delight of Harriman 
since his graduation. 

Contributing another nickel to the collection of 
Robinson Bros., I pressed the figure 24 and asked 
for Stparns. I saw the veranda of a large summer 
hotel by the sea ; in the drive- way was a natty little 
trap. On the veranda, scores of pretty girls were 
clustered about a finely built man, who stood with 
folded arms, and each of them seemed to be asking 
a favor of the motionless figure that, Sphinx-like, 
made no answer. The man was Stearns. I could 
understand the story without being told. The pro- 
prietor of this hotel, finding that the number of 
women who spent the summer at his place continued 
to increase, and the number of men to decrease, 
advertised for a college graduate of good appearance, 
with great muscular power, to make interesting the 
sojourn at his house of his guests of the female per- 
suasion. When the po-wer of Stearns's arm became 
known, there was a great demand for moonlight 
drives with him. Happy was the girl whom he 
chose to be his companion. His favors were dis- 
tributed impartially, however. Of course, for the 
performance of such arduous duties, Stearns received 
a large salary. 

Pressing figure 26 I asked, after the usual contri- 
bution, for a glimpse of "Pewee" Davis. I looked 
in bewilderment, for, although I saw "Pewee," who 
was as short as ever, he seemed to have grown a 
pair of large wings. On a close inspection, I com- 
prehended that these wings were part of an automatic 
flying-machine. I could read the story easily ; 
developing a greater "tendency to non-existence," 
or, in ordinary language, growing lazier, "Pewee" 
came to dislike the exertion attendant on walking, and 
consequently invented this machine. In"Pewee's" 
case not necessity, but laziness, was "the mother of 

When "Pewee" had faded, I called for Danny 
Linscott, after pressing figure 31 and dropping my 
nickel in the slot. Immediately I was looking at a 



street that I think was Fifth Avenue, New York. 
On the shady side were four men dressed in the 
height of fashion and sporting canes and tall hats, 
with the blase air of the typical city man. The 
quartette was Linscott, Clark, Hatch, and Pease. 1 
was disappointed to think that any '97 man should 
degenerate into that species of the genus homo 
commonly known as "dude," and with tears in my 
eyes I turned away from the picture in disgust. 

Hoping for better results this time, I dropped in 
the slot another nickel, pressed figure 36 and asked 
to see Sammy Bean. I never shall forget the grand- 
eur and horror of the picture that appeared in 
response to my request. I saw a battle-field upon 
which two great nations were struggling for victory. 
No smoke obscured the view of the battle, for smoke- 
less powder, of course, was used. Italy and Turkey 
were the contestants, and Italy had by far the greater 
advantage. A terrific charge of Italian cavalry was 
taking place ; the captain of the company nearest me 
was Sammy Bean. Bareheaded, with shining, out- 
stretched sword, he led his men. Heedless of the 
dead and dying on the ground, he urged his gallant 
charger to greater speed, and by the grim look of 
determination on his face, I saw that he was primed 
to do deeds of valor for his adopted country. 
Unlucky Turkey! If you but knew who was the 
captain of one of Italy's companies, you would fiy in 
dismay. Sammy had entered the Italian army and 
obtained a captaincy. It seemed incredible that the 
mild, lamb-like Sammy was a soldier, but the 
Mechanical Future Reader could not lie. 

Sliding my finger around the dial until I found 
the figure 30 I pressed it, dropping in my nickel, 
and asked to be shown Georgie Haines. Immediately 
I was looking at a deep-sea picture ; sub-marine 
monsters in plenty could be seen swimming about 
the motionless figure of a diver, dressed in the regu- 
lation suit. As the diver was the only human being 
in sight, I judged that it was Haines. At first, I 
came near mistaking one of the monsters for our 
phenomenal catcher, but discovered my error. 
Remembering Georgie's attempt at diving through 
the ice without a suit, I considered that he had 
developed great common sense, although his first trial 
at exploring the river bottom created quite a sen- 

With my next nickel, pressing figure 50, I asked 
to see Jimmy Rhodes. After the picture appeared, 
I saw a court room in which a trial was progressing, 
and the Judge was Jimmy. I wished to give the 
old cheer, "Jimmy Rhodes, Rah! Rah!" but some- 
how it didn't seem appropriate now, for Jimmy was 
too sedate and dignified. Evidently some trial of 

national importance was taking place. The four 
lawyers, whom I judged were counsel for the pris- 
oner, were Dole, Lamb, Hanlon, and Gribbin. None 
of them had changed much in appearance, and I 
could imagine Lamb saying, "Hello, got your 
Greek?" These four men were conferring together 
on some important point and seemed to take the 
matter very coolly, as if their success was already 
assured. The man that appeared to be conducting 
the prosecution for the state was Vining, and by 
the angry looks of the jury, he evidently had scored 
a point against the prisoner. From the brief in the 
hands of Dole, I saw that the prisoner was charged 
with embezzling $200,000. That prisoner must have 
been like Richard III, an "artist in crime." I looked 
closely at him and recognized George Brett. The 
path that he had entered when he took the manage- 
ment of the foot-ball team had led him to this. With 
the hope that his punishment would be made to fit 
his crime, I turned away, and pressing figure 41, 
after depositing my nickel, asked to see Kneeland. 
I now saw the operating room of a hospital ; a patient 
was stretched on the long table, and clustered about 
him were the surgeons with their sleeves rolled up. 
Kneeland, who appeared to be the head surgeon, 
was calling the attention of his colleagues to the 
exact spot where he would make the first incision. 
The faces of some of the surgeons were familiar-to 
me ,• among them I distinguished Merriman and 
Shordon. Eastman was administering the anaes- 
thetic and appeared to be talking in a low monotone. 
I remembered the soporific efi'ects of his long speeches 
while he was in college, and I felt pleased that the 
patient had been so easily and quickly rendered 

When I had relieved my pocket of the weight of 
another nickel and pressed the figure 28, I asked to 
see Cook. The scene changed from the operating 
room of a hospital to the stage of a dime museum. 
On a pedestal stood Cook, arrayed in purple and 
fine linen, and at his feet was a sign bearing the 
legend "The Only Morally Perfect Man ; this is the 
only man who never has done those things he ought 
not to iave done and who always has done those 
things that he ought to have done." Of course, 
Freddie was drawing a large salary. 

Pressing on the figure 25, I asked, for my next 
nickel, to be shown Jack Morse. When this picture 
appeared, I was undecided whether or not it was one of 
Landseer's productions or a dog-pound ; but I could 
not reconcile the idea of Jack as a common dog- 
catcher, so I studied the picture closely to get a clue 
to the situation. The picture showed a large yard 
fenced about and containing thirty or forty dogs. 



Jack stood in the centre of the inclosure ; from the 
suiTounditig buildings, I saw that this was the old 
Delta. After puzzling a short time, I found an 
explanation of this singular scene. I recalled the 
fact that when Jack was taking the course in Biology, 
he had lamented the scarcity of dogs that could be 
procured in a legitimate way for dissection, and this 
recollection, combined with the location of the dog- 
farm, unravelled the mystery. Believing that an 
attempt to raise dogs solely for the use of students 
in Biology would be successful, he had bought the 
Delta and turned it into a "doggery," and, as I saw 
on looking at the corner near Adams Hall, he also 
had dug a pond and stocked it with frogs. His 
efforts had been successful, for Jack was very well 
dressed and still carried his supercilious smile. 

Pressing the figure 30, I dropped in my nickel 
and asked to see Frank Small. I was shown an 
Indian reservation, and the "bucks" were seated in 
a circle about a tall, commanding figure, clad in a 
gym. suit and wearing a Gainsborough hat. I had 
some little difficulty in recognizing Frank as the 
figure in the centre, but Frank it was. He seemed 
to be inciting his tribe to insurrection against the 
"White Father" at Washington, and his fiery 
harangue was meeting with great approval. The 
squaws were looking on from a distance, and in the 
eyes of one of these Minnehahas there was an unmis- 
takable light, the light that is in the eyes of a wife 
when she looks at her loved husband. So Frank had 
forgotten the donor of that Wellesley banner. Well, 
all men are liars, and Frank was no exception to the 

As I pressed the figure 22 and put my nickel in 
the slot, I asked to have Chase Pulsifer shown to me. 
The picture when it came, represented a fashionable 
drawing-room, filled with the members of New 
York's 400. No men were present, or, yes, there 
was one, but so surrounded by the representatives of 
the fair sex that he hardly could be seen. He was 
dressed with a careful negligence and carried in his 
hand a book of poems entitled, "Sonnets to My 
Lady's Finger Tips, by the author of According to 
Law." Presumably there was one sonnet to each 
fingertip. The poet's hair was "cut long" and 
resembled the branches of a weeping-willow. His 
eyes that looked forth beneath languid lids were 
large and lustrous. This poet of much fame and 
little merit was " Plootz." There was no mistaking 
that short, stubby figure. The picture vanished, 
and I was glad to see it go. 

After dropping another nickel and pressing the 
figure 45, I asked for Varrell. I saw the oliice of a 
large daily newspaper ; along the walls were the 

desks of the reporters, nearly all of whom were hard 
at work. "Kid" stood in the centre of the room 
talking to a pompous-looking individual, who was 
evidently the editor-in-chief. There could be no 
doubt that this bundle of rotund pomposity was 
"Fat" Davis; by the sheets of paper covered with 
figures that "Kid" held, I easily decided that he 
was business manager. I could not determine the 
subject under discussion between these two men, 
but I am of the opinion that "Kid" was trying to 
show that if 2,000 papers were sold at one cent each, 
the result would be $30. He would have no trouble 
in obtaining such a result by use of the tricks that he 
learned from Buck. What these tricks are, I do not 
know ; I was not fortunate enough to learn anything 
about IVIath., except that when attendance rank was 
6 and rank for recitation 0, the two gave an average 
of 3. Glancing at "Fat's" editorials in the back 
numbers of his paper, I saw that his ambition was to 
prove that Bill White was his satellite while in col- 
lege. It had been the consensus of public opinion 
that " Fat" was an adjunct of Bill's, and Davis found 
it hard work to change popular belief on the subject. 
Among the busy reporters, I recognized Gilman at 
work on copy for the society column, and Jimmy 
Russell putting the finishing touch to an article for 
the sporting page. Jimmy was resplendent in his 
pink shirt and paste diamonds. 

Pressing the figure 27, I sent another nickel after 
those "gone before," and asked for a picture of 
Bobbie Hull. I was shown a bare little attic chamber 
in which, writing at a large table, was the genial 
Bobbie. He was surrounded by scores of large 
volumes that he had used for reference. I glanced 
at what he had just written and perceived that he 
had nearly completed his book, evidently a text- 
book, for I saw the words, "My treatise, no doubt, 
has proved instructive to you." I became interested 
to know on what subject Bobbie had devoted so 
much time (for that he had spent a great amount of 
time and labor on his work was shown by the last 
page, which was numbered 720). I looked at the 
title-page, which had fallen to the floor, and read, 
"Practical Botany ; warranted to contain more ' yel- 
low stories' and less botany than "Pink" gave in 
his course for Sophomore year." Bobbie was a 
credit to '97. The need of a work of this kind was 
greatly felt when he and I were in college, and his 
efforts would be appreciated by all the undergrad- 
uates in old Bowdoin. 

With a pressure of the figure 32, I gave up 
another nickel and asked for Randall. I saw the 
stage of an immense theatre; on this stage there was 
but one man, and he appeared to be delivering a 



long monologue. He held a skull in his hand, and I 
jadged that Hamlet was the play and Randall the 
Hamlet. From the size and appearance of the vol- 
untary contributions thrown on the stage by the 
audience, I came to the conclusion that "Rufe" was 
being "egged on" to greater effort. The " melan- 
choly Dane," as portrayed by Randall, was evidently 
destined to become more melancholy as the per- 
formance should continue. There could be no ques- 
tion as to what had caused "Rufe's" downfall; it 
was the example of Cog. in his periodic rendition of 
" Old Ace." Thinking that "Rufe " had better be look- 
ing for another occupation, I pressed the figure 26 
and requested to have a glimpse of Holmes, at the 
same time slipping another nickel in the slot. I was 
shown a band-stand in a magnificent park ; it was a 
warm summer afternoon, and probably the knowl- 
edge that Charlie Holmes and his orchestra were to 
play had attracted the thousands of people who were 
present. The neatly uniformed orchestra showed 
the influence of a master spirit, and its members were 
watching closely for the signal to begin. Charley 
was on a seat elevated above the others, and gazed 
fondly at the music before him. It was a copy of 
"Loved Memories of Topsham," composed by the 
famous conductor himself. I noticed Joe Stetson 
among the umsicians and he was a clarionet player ; 
he handled his clarionet as if it were a pipe and he 
was about to "hit it." Without a doubt as to the 
excellence of the music to be given, I pressed again 
the figure 26 and, reluctantly parting with my coin, 
asked for a picture of Bill White, our noble Presi- 
dent. I was shown the oifice of an immense hotel ; 
busy men were rushing to and fro with telegrams in 
their hands ; friends were greeting eacli other ; the 
chairs along the sides of the office were filled with 
guests reading newspapers ; but in spile of the hurry 
of the business men, in spite of the joy of friends at 
seeing each other again, in spite of the deep interest 
in the topics of the day that the newspaper readers 
displayed, I noticed that every one of the great 
throng that filled the ofiice would now and then 
pause to look fixedly at the fine figure and beautiful 
face of the man behind the desk. With the hotel 
register in front of him, this man leaned upon the 
counter with a nonchalant air, a calm smile upon his 
handsome face. This was surely an exceptional 
clerk in regard to form and features. It was none 
other than Bill White. Attired neatly in a close- 
fitting business suit, his "shape" was displayed to 
great advantage. It was no wonder that the hotel 
was crowded ; such a clerk would fill the meanest 
house in the city, for a guest willingly would put up 
with the discomforts of a poor room, if behind the 

oflSce desk there was a man like Bill. I quickly 
comprehended this story without words. After Bill 
left college he started on the hunt for political fame ; 
finding that so many other men of ability equal to 
his own were also loaded for fame in politics, he 
abandoned its chase, but being unable to exist with- 
out the plaudits of the multitude, had decided that 
behind the desk of a large hotel he would be more 
observed than at any other business, and so he began 
the pursuit of notoriety, and — there he was. Glanc- 
ing at the register in front of this modern combina- 
tion of Hercules and Apollo, I saw among the names 
of the day's arrivals, that of E. F. Pratt, with the 
prefix "Hon." and after it the letters "LL.D." I 
could not see Pratt in the oifice and I could not tell 
whether he was a U. S. Senator or a Representative, 
but I had no doubt that he was a member of one 
house of Congress. The LL.D. spoke for itself; he 
had climbed far up the ladder of success, and '97 
should be proud of him. 

I pressed the figure 30, and giving up my nickel, 
asked to be shown Ellsworth. Since Ellsworth was 
a "theolog" I expected to see him engaged in 
religious work of some kind, but I was not prepai'ed 
for what I did see. The picture showed me the old 
familiar Bowdoin campus. Marching about it was 
a little band of three men clad in white, Ellsworth, 
Dunnack, and McCallum. Dunnack carried a banner 
on which were inscribed the words, " We will cleanse 
the den of iniquity." No further explanation was 
needed ; realizing the need of home missionaries to 
be greater than the need of workers in the regular 
field of the ministry, they had remained in Brunswick 
and were trying to reform the men rooming in 
"South Maine." The leopard had not changed his 
spots and the "tiger" in South Maine had the same 
stripes as it did when I was in college ; South Maine 
was a den of iniquity still. I did not know whether 
the color of the suits of this band of reform was 
chosen because white was the color of old Bowdoin, 
or because white was the emblem of purity, or 
because white was the color of the uniforms of the 
New York street cleaning department, and what had 
proved successful for the street cleaners of New York 
would be of service to the cleansers of South Maine. 
Whatever the reason was, the men made a brave 
showing, and I wished them success in their arduous 

My stock of nickels was almost gone, and there 
were a number of men whose futures I had not yet 
discovered, and the first of those men not yet 
" futured," whose name I remembered, was Hagar. 
For a long time I debated with m3'self on the ques- 
tion, "Is it necessary to waste a nickel on such a 



little man as Hagar?" Remembering, at length, 
tliat I was commissioned by the class to prophesy 
about every member, I pressed the figure 25, dropped 
my nickel in the slot, and called for Hagar. The 
picture came into focus quickly, remained but a few 
seconds, and then disappeared. It did not vanish, 
however, until I had noticed Hagar and his occupa- 
tion. He was seated near a table on which rested a 
phonograph, and he was talking into the receiver. 
Filling phonograph cylinders was not a highly intel- 
lectual occupation, but I understood wliy Hagar was 
employed in this manner. After he had been out of 
college for a year, every one, friend and foe, had 
become excessively weary of listening to his effer- 
vescence of words, and before much time had "fugi- 
ted" Hagar could not find a hearer even for his 
choicest monologue, entitled "A Long Talk on 
Hagar, by Hagar." But the sound of his own voice 
had become exceedingly pleasant to him, and so 
combining business with pleasure, he had accepted 
this position. 

Pressing the figure 23 and dropping in one of my 
few remaining nickels, 1 asked to see Keohan. I was 
shown a large laundry with the show windows full 
of bundles of polished linen. Over the roof of the 
establishment was the sign "Wun Lung & Ko Han, 
Chinese Laundry." The firm was evidently doing a 
rushing business and doubtless making large profits. 
Tommy had had much experience in college, and 
long before his graduation had learned "all the 
ways that are dark and the tricks that are not vain " 
of the laundry business. 

Pressing figure 45 and donating another nickel, I 
asked to be shown Elliot. I beheld a newly built 
house, on which the painters were at work. I saw 
Elliot on one of the stagings, his pail of paint by 
his side and his brush in liis hand. He was survey- 
ing with critical approbation the portion of the 
house that he had just painted, and, although I have 
not the "artist's eye," I could see that the laborer 
was worthy of his hire. 

I spent another nickel, pressed figure 38, and 
asked for a picture in the life of "Pomp" French. 
I saw what was, to all appearance, the office of 
some great business house ; seated at a desk, gazing 
fixedly at a bottle before him, sat " Pomp." On the 
bottle was a label reading, " French's Hair Curler. 
The only preparation that gives the appearance of 
naturally curly hair. Prepared under the direct 
supervision of French, the discoverer and proprietor. 
Price, $1.00." I always had admired "Pomp's " head 
of hair, and I determined that I would buy a bottle 
of this wonderful liquid at the first opportunity. 

After I had dropped a nickel in that voracious 

slot and pressed the figure 30, 1 asked for Coggan. 
I was shown a lecture hall ; on the platform was 
Cog, attired as usual in a dress coat and corduroy 
waistcoat. His large audience was spell-bound ; not 
one person out of the three or four thousand present 
could be seen to move. I wondered if Cog.'s subject 
was " How to render ' Old Ace'eifectively," but when 
I looked at the programme, I saw that he was booked 
to deliver a lecture on the "Errors in Hoyle's Book 
of Games." The Fools' Club had had one member 
who was destined to become famous. I remember 
the first error of Hoyle's that Cog. detected. It was 
during a secret meeting of the Fools' Club, and on 
being told that four of a kind beat a flush. Cog. 
protested. Finding that a rule to this effect was in 
the book, he said that Hoyle did not know the game 
(I forget what the game is called), and then and 
there declared his intention of composing a set of 
rules that were honest. I no longer had any feeling 
of surprise at Cog.'s success. That lecture was 
worth going miles to hear. 

Pressing the figure 27 and depositing my nickel 
in the slot, I asked for Carmichael. '97 was a class 
containing many literary men ; here was Carmichael 
in a sumptuously furnished apartment, hard at work 
on a book that I quickly saw to be a "horse on 
Faust." Looking at a book-case in a corner of the 
room, I noticed that it contained many more books 
bearing Georgie's name. The one on which he was 
so busily engaged at present was one of a series of 
translations of German authors, "being written," so 
the introduction read, '•' in a highly polished style, 
interpreted poetically wherever possible." What a 
help to future college men ! Carmichael's poetry is 
a thing of beauty per se, but when it also can be 
used in " plugging," it is doubly sure of being a 
blessing to mankind. 

After transferring another nickel from my pocket 
to the slot, I pressed figure 25 and asked for John 
Shute. The picture that appeared in response to my 
demand, showed me a large brick building in the 
centre of spacious lawns. Tennis courts, ball 
grounds, and running tracks also were visible. On 
the building was the sign, " The Boys' Own School ; 
College Preparatory Course. D. D. Spear, Princi- 
pal; John Shute, Director of Gymnasium. Tuition 
and Board, $1,500 per annum." Under this sign 
was a smaller one on which was painted in Latin the 
motto of the school. The motto was " Belluni 
omnium contra omnes;" and directly beneath was 
this translation of the Latin quotation — " A sound 
mind in a sound body." I failed to be surprised at 
the error in translation, for I remembered that Davy 
Spear never could understand Latin. 



I pressed the figure 31, dropped a nickel in the 
slot, and aslied for Sewall. I saw a very swell turn- 
out; dressed in elegant livery, Sewall sat on the 
box. The harnesses of the coal black horses were 
trimmed with silver. Sewall's face wore the same 
look of stoical imperturbability that it had while he 
was in college ; he made a coachman, par excellence. 

I pressed the figure 50, again dropped a nickel 
in the slot, and asked to be shown a picture in the 
life of Hewitt. I saw the reading-room of a large 
library; through the windows I recognized the Art 
Building and Appleton Hall. At a desk sat Hewitt, 
and near him, writing at a table, was Reuel Smith. 
Studious men passed back and forth with books in 
their hands; looking through the doors on each side 
of this large reading-room, I saw that there were 
four rooms of much larger size than the reading- 
room, and that they were lined with shelves contain- 
ing books. This was Bowdoin's new library, and 
Hewitt was chief librarian with Reuel Smith for an 
assistant. On a bronze tablet in the reading room, 
I read that in recognition of the past services of 
Professor Little, this building was called the " Little. 
Library." For such a large structure, this name 
seemed rather paradoxical, but I was pleased with 
it, for no member of the Faculty had Bowdoin's inter- 
ests more at heart than " Mush." 

My store of nickels was exhausted. I had found 
out the future of all the members of '97, but, as you 
can imagine, I was desirous of ascertaining what was 
in store for myself. How could I do it? I had no 
more money, and "The Mechanical Future Reader" 
did not show its pictures on credit. The only way 
that I could make that machine work was by paying 
cash. I was in a quandary. Finally I asked Rob. if 
he would loan me five cents for a few days. In reply 
Rob. told me that the future was the future. If we 
improve the opportunity of the present moment, we 
need have no fear of what is to happen. It is largely 
in our power to be what we desire to be. I knew 
that his words were true, but they did not stifle my 
desire to see a picture in my own future life. Again 
I asked Rob. for a loan, and this time I was suc- 
c'essful. Hardly waiting to thank him for the nickel 
that he handed me, I dropped it in the slot, pressing 
figure 40, and asked to see a picture of myself. Sud- 
denly there was a flash and a deafening explosion ; 
the machine vanished into air, and when 1 opened 
my eyes, I was lying on the couch in Rob.'s private 
ofiice, with anxious faces bending over me. Rob. 
was nearest to me, and in a voice that sounded 
strangely faint, I asked if the Future Reader was 
destroyed by the explosion. Rob. looked puzzled. 
Again I said, " Did it ruin the machine?" "What 

machine ? " asked Rob. ' ' Why, your future machine 
that showed a picture in the life of any one asked 
for," I answered. Rob. smiled. "Mr, Andros, you 
have had a very narrow escape. You did the very 
thing against which I warned you particularly when 
you studied chemistry. You put together sulphuric 
acid and potassium ferrocyanide and heated the 
mixture ; consequently, according to chemical law, 
it gave off carbon mon-oxide, a very poisonous gas, 
from the effects of which you were rendered uncon- 
scious, and we had hard work to resuscitate you." 

So, then, the Mechanical Future Reader was an 
hallucination ; or was it an illusion ? Whichever it 
was, it gave me great assistance, for without it I 
never could have written my Class Prophecy. 

Classmates, it is no small task to foretell the 
futures of such a body of men as the Class of '97. If 
my best efforts are not satisfactory to you, do not deal 
harshly with me. Remember what the people of old 
said of Phaethon, when he was dashed to earth in his 
attempt to drive through the heavens in the chariot 
of his father, Phcebus Apollo; they said of hira, 
"Here lies Phaethon, the driver of his father's chariot; 
he failed to manage it, but he fell in a great under- 
taking." I ask you to judge me in the same kind 

Parting Address. 

By A. p. Cook. 
Classmates and Friends : 

Again a year has passed and another class has 
arrived at this, its last day of undergraduate activity. 
It is my sad privilege to speak for the Class of 1897 
and say farewell. Our student days at college are 
behind us. With them are inseparably linked ties of 
closest friendship and warmest affection. They have 
been happy, happy days, bright and full of sunshine, 
rich in hallowed associations, and teeming with 
fruitful opportunities. But now comes a change, and 
the conflict of life is close at hand. The turning- 
point is reached. From the little sheltered valley of 
college education we must advance to climb the 
mighty rugged mountain of the world at large, that 
now looms up so dark and uncertain right before us. 

Four years ago we were strangers to one another. 
But liow different now. We have lived in a world 
by ourselves and the strangers of the past are the 
comrades and friends of to-day. Side by side and 
shoulder to shoulder we have been united in the joy 
of victory and in the gloom of defeat. In chapel 
and recitation I'oom, in the library, and on the ath- 
letic field we have been continuously and intimately 
associated. In the many phases of this daily contact 
we have learned to understand and allow for the 



distinctive traits of each individual's ciiaracter. 
Tlie class has been transformed from sixty separate 
individuals into an harmonious whole. Now the 
harmony must be dissolved and the members scat- 
tered, never again to be fully reunited. I assure you 
that the parting is solemn and sad to each one of us. 

Can you blame us for pausing regretfully as we 
leave ? Four of the choicest years of our youth we 
have given to old Bowdoin. Meantime, deeper and 
deeper has grown our appreciation of the Professors ; 
greater and greater has been our regard for one 
another; stronger and stronger has become our love 
for the college. To-day, as never before, we realize 
the value of a college education. Clearer too than 
ever we see our mistakes, our failures to embrace 
the offered opportunities. But for all the advantages 
made use of we are sincerely thankful. All that we 
have acquired is ours and cannot be taken from us. 
Yet this very training and development that we have 
received imposes corresponding obligations. As we 
now step into the ranks of college educated men it 
is our duty to prove that we are worthy of the place. 
Nay, more, the glorious line of former Bowdoin 
classes encourages us and urges us on to strive to be 
desei'ving of the proud title of Bowdoin graduates. 
It is a noble trust that is committed into our keeping. 
May we ever realize that our lives henceforth must 
indicate to the world what the college has been to us. 
Grant that we may be truly representative and add 
our share to the ever-increasing fame of our dear 
Alma Maier. 

Dear old Bowdoin, illustrious mother of famous 
sons, sadly do we depart from thy loved halls. 
Gratefully do we acknowledge our debt to tliee. 
Though we wander far from this, thy beautiful cam- 
pus, we shall ever hold thee close to our hearts. In 
all the varied paths of life thy influence shall attend 
and strengthen us. For thy honor we will live and 

" Until the sands of life are run." 
Farewell, O Bowdoin, Alma Mater. 

Smoking the Pipe oe Peace. 
After the literary exercises, the class 
gathered about in a circle upon the grass 
and smoked the traditional pipe of peace, a 
ceremony of unusual interest to the crowd 
of spectators, especially to anxious parents 
and relatives. The pipe passed safely around, 
and then the ode was sung beneath the 
Thorndike Oak. The class ode was written 
by Charles H. Holmes, and was as follows: 


Air—" America.^* 
The knell from yonder tower 
No more shall mark the hour 

Of toil or pra\ er. 
No more thy "whispering pine," 
No more thy sun's decline 
For us our home define. 

Fond Mater fair. 

We look back on the past, 
We see, like shadows cast, 

Our college days. 
Oh, days so free from strife, 
With mirth and pleasure rife, 
Shed o'er our future life 

Thy radiant rays. 

Fond mem'ry brings to light 
Visions which dim the sight, 

Forever past. 
Backward the thoughts may fly. 
There ease and plenty lie ; 
Forward life's cross is nigh, 

With doubt o'ercast. 

Like seamen on the deep. 
Whilst we our courses keep 

O'er life's rough main, 
111 winds may rage life's sea, 
Agents of Destiny. 
Not till Eternity 

Peace rules again. 

Cheering the Halls-Farewell. 

Headed by the band and Marshal French, 
the class went tlie rounds of the buildings 
and gave rousing cheers for each. At the 
front of Memorial the class formed in a 
circle and gave the '97 yell ; then came the 
hand-shaking, the most touching of all the 
ceremonies. After this the circle broke and 
the afternoon's exercises were at an end. 

Graduation Exercises. 
'D'T 10 A.M., Thursday, the Commencement 
/ -^ procession, marshaled by W. G. Beale, 
'77, headed by the graduating class and the 
Salem Cadet Band, marched to tlie church, 
where the exercises were held. There was a 
large crowd in attendance, and the speaking 



was above the average and was well received. 

George Samuel Bean, 


The order of exercises was as follows : 

Cecil LeRoy Blake, 

New Gloucester. 

Eugene Leslie Bodge, 

South Windham. 


Frank Daniel Booker, 



George Monroe Brett, 


George Edgar Carmichael, 

Medway, Mass. 


Ralph Harrison Clark, 


Industrial Socialism. William Frye White. 

Marcellus Sumner Coggan, 

Maiden, Mass. 

loternational Arbitration. 

Alfred Page Cook, 


Archie Sherman Harriman. 

Earl Clement Davis, 


The Armenian Crime. Robert Sidney Hagar. 

Philip Webb Davis, 



Frederick Howard Dole, 


Henry Ernest Dunnack, 


The New Birth of Scholarship. 

Clark Barker Eastman, 

Cumberland Mills. 

* Harry Maxwell Varrell. 

Daniel Weston Elliot, 


Political Lessons from Other Countries. 

Fred Keith Ellsworth, 

Brockton, Mass. 

Fred Gustavus Kneeland. 

Benjamin John Fitz, 

North Bridgton. 

The Preservation of Our National Liberty. 

Aldro Amos French, 


John George Haines. 

Henry Gilman, 



Harry Everett Gribben, 



Robert Sidney Hagar, 



John George Haines, 

Paterson, N. J. 

Orville Leon Hanlon, 

Berlin, N. H. 


Archie Sherman Harriman, 


Augustus Thomas Hatch, 

South Dresden. 

Honorary Appointments. 

Joseph William Hewitt, 

South Berwick. 

Class of 1897. 

Charles Herbert Holmes, 


James Howard Home, 

Berlin, N. H. 

Archie Sherman Harriman. 

Robert Lord Hull, 

Deering Center. 

George Monroe Brett, Fred Gustavus Kneeland, 

Thomas Charles Keohan, 


George Edgar Carmichael, Hugh McCallum, 

Fred Gustavus Kneeland, 

Lovell Center. 

Frederick Howard Dole, John Hastings Quint, 

Charles Barnard Lamb, 


Daniel Weston Elliot, Frank Jackson Small, 

Daniel Clarke Linscott, Jr., 

Boston, Mass. 

John George Haines, Harry Maxwell Varrell, 

Harry Dimmook Lord, 


Joseph William Hewitt, Eugene Conrad Vining. 

Hugh McCallum, 

Pawtucket, R. I. 

Robert Lord Hull. 

San Lorenzo Merriman, 

Harps well. 

John Hinckley Morse, 


Samuel Page Ackley, San Lorenzo Merriman, 

Oscar Elmer Pease, 

West Farmington. 

Cecil LeRoy Blake, John Hinckley Morse, 

Edwin Francis Pratt, 


Alfred Page Cook, Edwin Francis Pratt, 

Edgar Gilman Pratt, 


Fred Keith Ellsworth, Frank Austin Stearns, 

John Hastings Quint, 

Dover, N. H. 

Robert Sidney Hagar, William Frye White. 

Rufus Starkey Randall, 


Charles Herbert Holmes, 

James Edward Rhodes, 2d, 


The following is a list of the graduating 

James Percy Russell, 
Charles Summers Sewall, 



Class of '97, who received diplomas and the 

Norman Clyde Shordon, 


degree of A.B.on Thursday. They now are 

John Melville Shute, 

West Hancock. 

alumni, and have no active connection with 

Frank Jackson Small, 


Bowdoin. Their addresses are added for 

Reuel Washburn Smith, 



Frank Austin Stearns, 


Joseph Snow Stetson, 


Samuel Page Ackley, East Machias. 

Harry Maxwell Varrell, 


William Cusbing Adams, Bangor. 

Eugene Conrad Vining, 


Stephen Osgood Andros, Rockland. 

William Frye White, 




After the completion of this programme, 
the Goodwill Commencement Prize, for the 
best spoken and written part, was awarded 
to William Frye White. His oration fol- 
lows, in full : 

Goodwin Commencement Oration. 


By William Frte White. 

It is impossible for any man to judge correctly or 
wisely of tlie merits of any question, be it religious, 
political or economic, if his mind is embarrassed by 
prejudice. Prejudice as well as ignorance is fatal 
to sound reasoning. There is an opinion prevalent 
in the community that Socialism is only another 
name for that red-eyed monster Anarchy. It shall be 
my purpose to present to you a correct impression of 
socialism, together with a criticism of its proposals. 

Anarchy demands very emphatically that the state 
with its governing and ennobling powers shall be 
thrown to the ground and that the individual shall 
become responsible to himself alone, his passions 
and desires constituting the only guide to his actions. 
Such a system of life can lead only to social, moral, 
and industrial chaos. 

Socialism, on the other hand, does not attack the 
state nor does it propose to make the individual the 
sole judge of his own actions. Socialism rather 
exalts the state, entrusting to it functions heretofore 
denied ; socialism recognizes the dependence of man 
on man and the necessity of law and order. Social- 
ism is not anarchy. 

Many there are who think that socialism exists 
only in name. Such people display only an ignor- 
ance of facts. The study of socialism shows it to be 
an exceedingly active element in the economic life 
of the world. Its large and in many respects pow- 
erful press is continually influencing legislation in 
behalf of labor ; its numerous members in the legis- 
lative bodies of the world, m'ore particularly perhaps 
in that of Germany, supi^orted as they are by a large 
and increasing constituency, are causing their efforts 
to be felt and recognized. The greater part of the 
industrial reforms of the last century, such as the 
reduction of working hours, the prohibition of the 
employment of women and children under certain 
conditions, compulsory sanitation, these and many 
more may be attributed directly to the criticisms and 
untiring zeal of the socialists in one form or another. 
Do not, then, accuse socialism of existing only in 
name. It is rather a growing power in which is some 

good, some evil. It is for us to separate these ele- 
ments, profiting by what is profitable, avoiding what 
is unprofitable. 

I have intimated that socialism is preeminently a 
system of criticism directed against the present indus- 
trial conditions. With the radical elements of the 
socialists we need not deal. We will, however, exam- 
ine the demands of those who, realizing and appre- 
ciating the necessity of land and capital as factors in 
production, criticise only the private ownership of 
these forces. The fundamental proposal of socialism 
is this : — To replace the present system of private 
capital with a system of collective public capital. 
Such a system, it asserts, would abolish competition, 
replacing it with a system of common production 
and distribution. 

Many and serious would be the complications 
arising during the period of transition from the pres- 
ent regime to that of socialism, and these complica- 
tions would not vanish when the transition had been 
accomplished. Socialism from the industrial point 
of view alone must prove two points to the world 
before it can justify even an attempt at introduction 
of its schemes. First, it must show that production 
both in quantity and quality would increase, and 
second, that distribution would be more just. If the 
socialists are able to uphold and prove these conten- 
tions, they have some hope; if not, none. 

The ability of the factors of production, that is, 
of land, labor, and capital, to produce, depends 
directly upon their efficiency. If, then, the three fac- 
tors of production would lose any of their efficiency 
under socialism, it is evident that production both in 
quantity and quality would suffer. 

The most powerful agent in determining what a 
man will accomplish in life is stlf-interest, or to use 
a less abused word, ambition. Self-interest or ambi- 
tion it is that induces men to toil day in and day out 
to gain some cherished end. Ambition it is that has 
elevated man higher and higher in the scale of civili- 
zation as the centuries have rolled on. The greater 
the ambition, the surer, the nobler, the more produc- 
tive the results. Thus, ambition very materially 
affects efficiency. In the socialistic state every man 
must work or starve, but in what a different capacity 
must he work from that of to-day. At present the 
laborer is free to work for whom and at what trade 
he pleases. Freedom is his own. Under socialism 
every man must work where and at what trade the 
state commands. Every man becomes at once a 
mere tool in the hands of the state. The personality 
of the man is lost. It is a well-attested fact that gov- 
ernment employment is very likely to destroy ambi- 



tion. The numbers of bright, ambitious young men 
who obtain employment in the departments at Wash- 
ington and wlio gradually fall into habits of laziness 
induced by the good pay and ease of government 
work, are witnesses to this fact. If government em- 
ployment affects men of high ability in this manner, 
what should be the result upon weaker men ? The 
state itself recognizes the uselessness of attempting 
any large business enterprises. All its ships of war, 
railroads, canals, and docks are built by private con- 
cerns. Why ? Simply because the state has been 
taught by experience that its employees can produce 
neither the same quantity nor quality of work for the 
same money and in the same time as those of private 
concerns. Governments were never created for busi- 
ness purposes, and have signally failed in almost 
every attempt to assume such functions. 

Socialists assert that the gain made by the aboli- 
tion of competition would more than compensate for 
any loss that could possibly be caused by any decrease 
of personal endeavor. While I do not deny that com- 
petition has evils that ought to be corrected, I do 
deny most emphatically its absolute unworthiness. 
Competition it is that has evolved man from his ani- 
mal state. Competition it is that has evolved man 
from his savage state. In a word, competition has 
made man what he is. Competition and ambition 
are closely related. Take away the former and you 
strike a blow at the latter. Such men as Carnegie, 
Cramp, and Wanamaker, types absolutely essential 
to best production, would never be found where com- 
petition had been suppressed. There seems to be no 
conclusiun to be reached but that labor would deteri- 
oi-ate very materially through the loss of efficiency 
under socialism. 

Before the state could keep up the quantity and 
quality of its production it would be necessary for it 
to be able to add to its capital to meet increasing and 
changing demands, and also to replace impaired 
capital. The achievement of this requires a high 
rate of i^roduction in order that the profits over labor 
payments may be large. If labor were deficient and 
careless, capital simply would not be kept up. Capi- 
tal would soon lose its efficiency. Again, if labor and 
capital were both weakened, land would not fail to 
add to the trouble by a lessening of its production, 
for the output of land depends directly upon the 
quantity and quality of the labor and capital expended 
upon it. It seems to be inevitable that the whole 
productive system must weaken and deteriorate under 

The second premise of the socialists that each man 
would receive a juster remuneration for time spent 
in labor must now hold our attention for a few 

moments. Professor Shaeffle in his "Impossibilities 
of the Social Democracy " asks this question : " Will 
the fair value resulting from each man's contribution 
be secured to all, when the necessary needs of the 
community are satisfied, and then the rest of the prod- 
uct distributed according to the time that each man 
has given to his work ? " To this question he replies, 
" By no means. On the contrai-y, each social worker 
who contributed more in a given time than his fellows 
would be disproportionately handicapped at the start 
in a covert manner by the preliminary deductions 
for the public wants. All those whose average pro- 
ductiveness was higher than that of their neighbors 
would come very short in their remuneration. He 
who produced really valuable goods ; he who con- 
tributed the creative idea that alone can set on foot 
higher productivity ; he who by his acts of prudence 
has saved revenue ; each and all of these would not 
only fail to receive what was due him; he would, on 
the contrary, fall very short in proportion to the actual 
value of his contribution, and this is so because the 
produce is divided simply according to the time that 
each has given to his work." The system that pro- 
poses to award alike the really skilled and careful 
workman and the unskilled and careless workman 
simply because they have worked the same number 
of hours, is dangerous to both ; to the inferior work- 
man, because it encourages him to rely more than 
ever upon his neighbor ; to the superior workman, 
because it has a tendency to reduce the zeal of his 
work. Surely there could be no justice in rewarding 
men like Tesla and Edison the same as a common 
laborer on a labor time basis. Let us rather reward 
men in proportion to the actual value of their contri- 
bution to society. Justice will then be done. 

I have very briefly and very imperfectly com- 
mented upon the industrial phase of socialism. I 
have pointed out a few reasons why it cannot benefit 
society as an industrial reform. If any change from 
the present is needed, some other plan must be sought. 
Some plan less radical and less likely to carry with 
it such direful i-esults into the social, religious, and 
political, as well as into the industrial spheres. The 
hope of the laborer lies not in socialism. It lies 
rather in the elimination of the evils of the present 
system. Let the laborer recognize the dignity of his 
position in the world; let him realize that he has a 
purpose to serve in the life of humanity ; let him 
learn that capital is an aid, a friend and not an enemy ; 
let him use his influence in the trades-union for the 
upbuilding of his fellows mentally and morally ; let 
him exercise his franchise wisely, electing to office 
men who will legislate without fear; let him do 
these things, and the laborer will find his lot in life 



much bright&r and happier ; he will find more pleas- 
ure in his work ; he will have gained the respect and 
praise of his fellows; he will have become worth}- 
of more trust and honor. When the laborer does 
these things, and may it be soon, we shall see 
the three factors of production working peacefully 
together for the good of all. 

Commencement Dinner. 

After the exercises at the church were 
finished, the line of alumni, from 1836 to 
1897, formed again and marched to the gym- 
nasium. Here the Commencement Dinner 
was held, the greatest event of the week in 
the eyes of the returned alumni, and here 
the Class of '97 made their first public 
appearance as alumni. The dinner was of 
unusual excellence, and was a veritable 
dinner, not a mere lunch or picnic, as such 
so-called dinners often are. Great credit is 
due to the caterer, as well as to the college, 
for serving so substantial a meal to so large, 
not to mention hungry, a body of men. 
The gym was packed, each seat being taken, 
and had we space we should publish the full 
list of returned alumni. This being impos- 
sible, we give but a partial list of the older 
alumni present, as follows: 

Kufus K. Sewall,'39; George A. Thomas, '41; 
A. C. Adams, '36; J. C. Pickard, '46 ; Edwin Leon- 
ard, '47; Charles A. Packard, '48 ; Charles Cothrey, 
'49; John S. Sewall, '50: J. E. Adams, '53; D. S. 
Linscott, '54 ; Galen C. Moses, E. B. Palmer, '56; 
J. N. Fuller, H. Fairchild, Henry Newbegin, James 
C. Strout, Francis P. Adams, Benjamin W. Bond, 
Edward A. Rand, Charles W. Pickard, '57 ; A. H. 
Davis, '60 ; C. 0. Hunt, A. S. Packard, Loring Farr, 
'61 ; Marcus Wight, Henry 0. Thayer, '62 ; Thomas 
M. Given, '63; James McKeen, Enoch Foster, '64; 
Charles Pish, '65; F. H. Gerrish, '66; S. M. New- 
man, I. S. Curtis, H. S. Webster, Stanley Plummer, 
J. A. McDonald, Wiufleld S. Hutchinson, '67; Clar- 
ence Hale, T. H. Eaton, '69; D. S. Alexander, '70; 
J. S. Richards, F. W. Spaulding, W. F. Bickford, 
Marcollus Coggan, George M. Whitaker, H. M. 
Heath, George W. Seiders, '72; C. C. Sampson, '73; 
H. Johnson, '74; Setb M. Carter, S. C. Whitmore, 
'75; Jere M. Hill, F. C. Payson, E. H. Kimball, 
George B. Merrill, Charles T. Hawes, A. T. Parker, 

Charles G. Wheeler, '76; Philip G. Brown, P. H. 
Ingalls, William C. Greene, W. A. Golden, P. C. 
Hargraves, Joseph R. Greene, E. M. Cousins, F. H. 
Crocker, M. A. Sherman, E. A. Scribner, H. H. 
Smith, W. G. Beale, C. A. Perry, D. D. Gilman, 
6. L. Thompson, Charles E. Cobb, ^11; Barrett 
Potter, George C. Puriugton, '78; A. H. Holmes, 
John Scott, Walter B. Perkins, Frederick Cony, 
F. 0. Purington, '80; William King and F. A. 
Fisher, '81. 

From time to time during the dinner, 
class yells, also the Bowdoin yell, were given 
with a will, and all seemed perfectly happy. 

When the dinner was about half finished 
a tall, fair man, entered quietly and took a 
seat with the Class of '77. It took the crowd 
somewhat less than a quarter minute to 
recognize Lieutenant Peary, and then what 
an ovation he received, cheer upon cheer 
rent the air and reverberated through the 
rafters. After several minutes the tumult 
subsided, and the dinner proceeded. 

After all had been quieted President 
Hyde announced the college hymn, and it 
was sung lustily. Then followed the speeches. 

President Hyde in opening the post- 
prandial exercises expressed his pleasure at 
welcoming the alumni back to Bowdoin. He 
spoke of the progress that the college has 
vnade in athletics. It is now in the posses- 
sion of a fine athletic field, and the collegians 
have shown themselves worthy of it by their 
recent achievements. Interest in the Art 
Building is shown by the gifts and loans 
which it is constantly receiving. The work 
in the Science Building has been carried on, 
and a discovery in new modes of disinfecting 
has brought great credit to the college. We 
are also rejoicing in the favorable termina- 
tion of the college law suits. In relation to 
tiie Medical School especially the iDolicy of 
granting large libert}^ to the student body is 
being extended rather than restricted, while 
means are being taken to quietly exclude 
those who, from defective intellectual attain- 
ments or morals, are undesirable as students. 



The college is looking to an honor system 
calculated to bring out the best efforts of 
the leading students. 

President Hyde announced that the degree 
of A.M., for merits, had been conferred 
upon B. L. Bryant and John A. Burbanb. 
The degree of A.M. was conferred upon Dr. 
Charles D. Smith and ex-Governor Henry 
B. Cleaves of Portland. He also announced 
that Mr. H. C. Emery had been made Pro- 
fessor of Economics; that Mr. Wilmot B. 
Mitchell had become Edward Little Professor 
of Rhetoric and Elocution, and that a depart- 
ment of English Literature had been estab- 
■ lished with Professor Henry L. Chapman at 
its head. Long applause followed President 
Hyde's speech. 

The next speaker was the Hon. John A. 
Peters, who responded for the state. 
Throughout his remarks he was warmly 
applauded and kept his listeners in the best 
of humor. He said, in substance: "I love 
Bowdoin College because I love my State of 
Maine, and the state loves Bowdoin College 
because she is the most venerable of her 
colleges. I think Bowdoin stands at the 
head of colleges. I don't say universities — 
I mean real universities. It takes a hundred 
years to make a college. Any legislature 
can make a university in a single day. 
(Laughter.) Bowdoin wouldn't be a univer- 
sity even if the legislature offered to make 
her one. It takes work to get the degree of 
A.B. here. It does not take much effort to 
accept the degree of D.D. if j^ou can get it. 
I don't believe a fool can be pushed through 
Bowdoin College. It -has been said that 
more students go through the larger colleges, 
but in the smaller, more college goes through 
the students. I believe that the degree of A.B. 
at Bowdoin represents an education second 
to none. I would be willing to go anywhere 
armed with that degree and expect success." 

Judge Peters spoke of the litigation in 
reference to the Fayerweather bequest, say- 

ing that it was already won, but that a law 
suit was long lived. The Fayerweather case 
was to be argued some more. Argument 
was all there was left to it. 

He continued: "I have been speaking of 
those who cannot get through Bowdoin and 
whom Bowdoin cannot get through. Now I 
know a young man who was seven years 
getting through another college. Then he 
went into the ministry because he didn't 
have sense enough to practice law. He went 
into the Episcopal ministry because he didn't 
have to make prayers and could steal his 
sermons. ■ Then he went out and got the 
degree of D.D. from a university. One 
would have done just as well, and such a 
degree isn't worth a D. Think what a blot 
that vsfould have been on the catalogue of 
Bowdoin, where are such names as those of 
Longfellow and Sargent S. Prentiss. This 
young man came from Philadelphia and had 
a wealthy father. He had lots of money and 
kept a ban-el of beer on tap and was popular 
in college." 

In conclusion. Judge Peters alluded to 
the labors of General Hubbard and Judge 
Putnam in connection with the Fayerweather 
case, and spoke of them as illustrating the 
integrity and success of Bowdoin lawyers. 

Professor Egbert C. Smyth, the next 
speaker, responded for the Trustees. Pro- 
fessor Smyth spoke of the impression made 
upon him by the graduates of '97 as he saw 
them receive their diplomas. They impressed 
him as gentlemen and honest men, fine 
examples of the manhood which has gone 
out from Bowdoin. 

He paid a glowing tribute to the grad- 
uates of Bowdoin who have gone into the 

Judge L. A. Emery responded for the 
Board of Overseers. He said he was reminded 
of the fact that the Board of Overseers made 
only short speeches, often saying them loudl}'' 
and sometimes disagreeably. 



He spoke humorously of the pleasure 
taken by the " school teachers on the board, 
who say no to President Hyde once a year; 
the military men who say no to those distin- 
guished generals, Chamberlain and Hub- 
bard; the lawyers who say no on these 
annual occasions to the distinguished Chief 

General Joshua L. Chamberlain, of the 
Visiting Committee, was greeted with cheers 
when introduced as an ex-President of the 
college, who had occupied many of its chairs 
and brought distinction upon it by his great 
services to the country. "The President 
has kindly referred to my connection with 
the college. I believe my name has been in 
the catalogue since I entered in 1848. The 
college has stuck to me, and I have tried to 
stick to it, but I have been put out of nearly 
every chair." (Laughter.) 

General Chamberlain spoke of the efforts 
made during his presidency to help the col- 
lege both financially and in the aim of mak- 
ing it look out on the world instead of too 
much in upon itself. 

Mr. James McKeen of Brookljm, Presi- 
dent of the Alumni Association, was next 
called upon, and spoke biiefly upon the rela- 
tions of the alumni to the college. In partic- 
ular, he said that those who came back after 
years spent in active business life are apt to be 
skeptical as to the value of college training, 
but after a few hours here they once more 
recognize its true v/orth. Mr. McKeen in 
describing the enthusiasm of the returning 
alumni, created amusement when he said : 
"After we have come here and fed off of 
this Brunswick ambrosia and inebriated our- 
selves on Androscoggin river water, we want 
to raise this roof, so that our cries for old 
Bowdoin may reverberate among the ever- 
lasting stars." 

Lieutenant Pearj' was introduced by 
President Hyde as one who had added to the 
fame of the college. As Mr. Peary arose he 

was again loudly applauded. He said, in 
substance : 

"Mr. President and boys — I thank you 
very much for the kindly attention you have 
shown me. I was told to-day that I had 
been selected to speak for the Class of '77, 
yet I hardly know why. There were orators 
in the Class of '77. And, more than that, I 
do not know why the temperature should 
have been turned on as it has to-day. I am 
not accustomed to it. (Laughter.) I came 
back to visit Bowdoin to-day for the first 
time since my gi'aduation. I have passed 
through Brunswick a number of times, and 
never, whether by day or night, without 
looking toward the campus and the church 
spire on the hill. I doubt if those of you 
who have been here often can appreciate the 
wave of love and homesickness which swept 
over me to-day when I again set foot on the 
campus. I find that the men of '77 are good 
men still. I am glad to see our old president 
on the platform, teacher, warrior, and states- 
man. Your face, Mr. President, is new to 
me, but 3'onr ability and level-headedness 
and the work you are doing for Bowdoin are 
widelj'^ known. 

"Last year I attended a dinner in New 
York at which the Amherst idea was described. 
I do not remember just what I said on that 
occasion, but I thought the Bowdoin idea 
was one of sturdiness and tenacity. See 
what you want and stick to it until you 
get it. 

"Gentlemen, I have dreamed of Bowdoin 
when there was nothing in the world around 
me but the infinite expanse of ice, the infinite 
expanse of the blue sky and the white sun. 
I have given the name of Bowdoin to a 
wonder of the far north. There is a bay 
there, at one end of which is a mass of ice 
two miles in height. It is a glacier two or 
three times the size of the Union glacier, and 
I have named it the Bowdoin glacier. 

" Gentlemen, the solitude of my life has 



uot been conducive to speech-making. I have 
said just what came into my heart since I 
sat down here, and I thank you for your 
attention." Lieutenant Peary's speech was 
loudly applauded. 

Rev. Edwin A. Rand spoke for '57, eleven 
members of which class were present, and 
"at the reunion last night there were twelve, 
but one, a military man, left this morning. 
That may look suspicious, but we did not do 
anything more convivial than to sing 'Auld 
Lang Sj'ne.' " Mr. Rand spoke humorously of 
the different gentlemen of the class present. 
He spoke of the kindly wishes and the prayers 
of Bowdoin men which will accompany Lieu- 
tenant Peary, adding: "I believe he will get 
there and sit on the end of the North Pole 
if he wants to." 

George A. Thomas of Portland, sang 
"The Friar of Albany" capitally, and was 
greeted warmly. 

After this Rev. Charles T. Hawes was 
called upon, and made an interesting an- 
nouncement. A debt of $200 on the athletic 
field has been a worry to Dr. Whittier. 
Mr. Hawes announced that the members of 
the Class of '76 present had assumed this 

Rev. S. N. Newman of Washington, of 
the Class of 1867, also had an announcement 
to make. He spoke of tlie labors of Profes- 
sor Little in adding to the usefulness of the 
librar}'. The '67 men had chipped in and 
contributed $57 to help Professor Little's 
work along. Professor Little has a plan to 
secure a book-case used bj" Longfellow when 
a jjrofessor here and fill it with books relating 
to Bovi^doin's poet. The Class of '67 hope 
to be able to make this possible. 

Hon. George M. Seiders, of the Class of 
'72, spoke briefly for that class, which held its 
twenty-fifth anniversar}' the evening before. 
Mr. Seiders spoke of the success which had 
crowned the efforts of the members in" their 
chosen calling, success due, he thought, to 

the fact that they came to Bowdoin from the 
farm and the workshop, having nothing but 
their hands and their brains on which to rely. 
They had gained a self-reliance and stead- 
fastness which helped make possible their 
later success. 

Prof. J. C. Pickard of Kansas said a few 
words, and Rev. Charles L. Merriman of 
Lowell, an alumnus of Yale, spoke on the 
relations and feelings between the two col- 

Congressman D. S. Alexander of Buffalo 
was to have spoken, but was forced to leave 
to catch a train. 

The dinner was now at an end, and the 
eminently successful exercises of Commence- 
ment week had been brought to a fitting 

Medical School Graduation^ 

TlfHE graduating exercises of the Class 
J- of '97 of the Medical School of Maine, 
took place at Memorial Hall, Wednesday 
forenoon, June 23d. Hon. Frank L. Dinglej'' 
of Auburn delivered the address, and was 
it not for lack of space we should take 
pleasure in publishing it in full. From 
start to finish Mr. Dingley held his audience 
spell-bound. The Salem Cadet Band fur- 
nished excellent music. The [>rogramme 
was as follows: 



Address. Frank Lambert Dinglej', A.M. 


Oration. George M. Woodman. 


Presentation of Diplomas. President Hyde. 


The orator, Mr. Woodman, was unfortu- 
nately unable to deliver his oration, owing 
to a sudden illness, but we print it in 'full: 



Medical Oration. 

Associated Effort and Medical Progress. 

By George M. Woobman. 

As we note the march of progress along through 
the ages, we find its pace rapid or slow, as conditions 
have been favorable or not, for man to unite his 
efforts with those of his fellow-man. Consider in 
what a marked way Rome contributed to human 
progress, by razing artificial barriers and welding 
scattered tribes into one great nation, and then 
securing law and order throughout her vast domain. 
And how effectually God dissipated the forces of 
man at Babel, by putting strange languages into 
their lips and thereby forcing them to dwell asunder. 
The strongest lever in the work of human advance- 
ment is co-operation. By associating their efforts, 
men are able to accomplish the most wonderful 
results. One by one the barriers to a united world 
have been removed, and man in this century has 
approached the marvellous, through the great power 
of combined effort. 

With the advent of the railroad and telegraph, 
time and space were abridged ; communities ceased to 
be worlds within themselves, men became co-workers 
rather than isolated laborers. Thereby there was 
rendered possible a concentration of intelligence, an 
interchange of thought, and a comparison of results, 
factors so necessary to true and speedy achievement. 
With the change in the relation of man to man, the 
step of civilization became marvellously quickened ; 
days sufficed to ripen the former fruit of years. It 
made this century pre-eminently the grandest age of 
the world's history. 

It would be interesting and profitable to consider 
the great betterment that has been realized by this 
century of united endeavor in the social, political, 
industrial, and educational worlds, but time forbids. 
It will be possible to hastily view it, only, in its 
relation to the progress of medical science. In this 
department of human affairs co-operation has played 
a most important role and has rendered possible the 
most wonderful results. More progress has been 
effected in medicine since the opening of this century 
than in the preceding two thousand years. At the 
dawn of the nineteenth century medical science was 
most imperfect and was dealing most ineffectually 
with disease. The surgeon of this period could lay 
claim to but little superiority over the followers of 
this art of hundreds of years before. His instruments 
and appliances were few and crude, and his technique 
far from scientific. Very few diseases had been 

removed from the realm of the unknown, the laws 
governing them were in a great part a sealed book- 
and their treatment was most irrational. The physi- 
cian often came into the sick chamber forced to be 
an idle spectator, and left it, humbled by the con- 
sciousness of the narrow limits which circumscribed 
the resources of his art. The records of this period 
show us how pathetically incompetent was the pro- 
fession then, and what full sway was permitted dis- 
ease to deal forth suffering and death. 

It was not to the discredit of the workers in the 
field of medicine that they were not accomplishing 
better results ; they wei-e laboring most persistently 
and devotedly to advance the efficiency of their 
science ; they were doing all that was possible in 
their day and generation. But the past was the day 
of isolated workers, and medical knowledge is the 
fruit of so much observation and research, its scope 
is so broad, and its sources of information so numer- 
ous and varied, that the most persistent and compre- 
hensive mind working unaided and alone was able 
to accomplish but little. It is natural that with the 
conditions then existing, we find the progress of 
medical science discouragingly slow. The establish- 
ment of one fact or the elimination of a single error 
was then the work of a generation. To originate 
and perfect such a simple operation as the tieing of 
a bleeding vessel was the labor of many years. The 
history of the discovery and adoption of percussion 
as a means of diagnosis, is a typical illustration of 
the slowness by which, previous to the modern age 
of united endeavor, additions were made to the gen- 
eral fund of medical knowledge. Percussion is that 
method by which the physician ascertains the condi- 
tion of an internal part, by tapping the surface of 
the body and noting the sound that is elicited. This 
invaluable aid to diagnosis was discovered by a 
Vienna physician in 1761. After many years of 
patient labor, he announced his discovery to those 
few medical men with whom it was possible for 
him to communicate. Many years were required for 
it to permeate the medical world, and nearly a cen- 
tury elapsed before it was sufliciently tested for it to 
become universally adopted by the profession. 

Contrast this with the introduction of a recent 
discovery — the germ theory. That minute living 
cells give rise to the infectious diseases and cause 
suppuration in wounds was an announcement of the 
most revolutionary character, and one that could not 
be adopted until its claim to being a fact was fully 
demuustraled. Modern means made this possible in 
a very short time, and in less than two decades it 
was universally adopted and had revolutionized 



surgery and entirely changed the conception and 
treatment of infectious diseases. 

With the worlsers in the field of medicine brought 
into touch, with the facilities at hand for one to learn 
from and improve upon the methods of another, it 
now becomes possible in a few years to arrive at 
results not possible in centuries in the past. The 
profession is now able to rapidly sift the wheat from 
the chafif. Various sources of error and danger are 
readily detected. New discoveries spread with 
lightning rapidity over the medical world, and in a 
few months their scope and value are determined 
and they become the capital of all. 

The modern journal gathers up the treasures of 
observation and research from the four quarters of 
the globe. They ai-e held up to the entire profes- 
sion for inspection. They are put to practical test 
by thousands, and their true place is soon determined. 
In the medical society the consensus of opinion is 
brought to bear upon medical problems, and their 
solution thereby greatly facilitated. Previous to the 
modern facilities of cheap and rapid transportation, 
medical societies were known only to those in the 
larger centers, but now they embrace the entire 
profession even to the remotest districts. 

Great advantage has been derived by those in the 
different departments of medicine working hand in 
hand. The conclusions reached in the laboratory 
are now quickly supplemented and corrected by 
observation at the bedside and in the operating room. 
In this way the exact truth is readily ascertained. 
To unhesitatingly adopt methods upon which the 
light of those in only one field of investigation has 
been thrown, has many times proved inexpedient. 
It has often been found that the body in disease does 
not respond to drugs exactly as the experimental 
therapeutist had determined it should. There is 
some factor present in their practical application 
that did not enter into his experiments, and there 
comes the necessity of modifying and supplementing 
the conclusions derived from his work. Our present 
perfect knowledge of diseases is the result of the 
observation of the physician, the surgeon, and the 

Having thus briefly considered the important 
relation that associated effort bears to the progress 
of medical science, let us now view its results as 
reflected in the medicine of the close of this century 
of combined effort. It will be possible to do this 
only in the most cursory way, picking out a treasure 
here and there, and leaving many grand matters 
untouched. It has made this science rational where 
formerly it was irrational. It has carried it beyond 
the reproach of being dependent entirely upon expe- 

rience and tradition. The most crucial tests are now 
applied and the exact truth sought in a scientific 
manner. Nothing is taken for granted and nothing 
admitted as a fact that is not susceptible to demon- 

In every department of the science great advance- 
ment has been made. The methods of operating, 
the means of diagnosis, the therapeutics, have all 
been wonderfully changed. Surgery can lay claim 
to having approached the nearest to perfection. It is 
now able to accomplish the grandest results, and can 
with safety invade the most vital parts, not hesitating 
to go wherever its skill is demanded. With the 
improved surgical technique wounds heal as if by 
magic, and blood poisoning, hospital gangrene, and 
other awful sequences of septic infection, which were 
formerly so general, have ceased to exist. 

Reckoned according to its benefits to mankind, 
preventive medicine would be given the honor of 
first mention. With a full knowledge of the nature 
of infection, the intelligent application of methods to 
prevent disease has been instituted. By rigid quar- 
antine and the adoption of wise sanitary regulations 
the spread of epidemics has been greatly restricted, 
and thousands of lives saved annually. The profes- 
sion now stands guardian of the public health, 
pointing out the various sources of danger and teach- 
ing how they can be eliminated or avoided. 

The advance of science and invention has carried 
diagnosis far toward exactness. By the aid of the 
microscope and the modern devices of chemistry, 
diseases are now positively differentiated, and what 
is more important, an early recognition is rendered 
possible in those cases where a fatal issue is only to 
be prevented by the application of remedies at the 
very inception of the malady. Modern diagnosis is 
of inestimable value. It enables the physician to act 
wisely and safely on the one hand, and to avoid 
unwarrantable procedure on the other. The natural 
history of diseases, how they originate, what laws 
they observe, how they progress, and how they 
naturally terminate, are problems most difiicult of 
solution, but even here a vast amount has been 
accomplished, and the grim enemy has been forced 
to very narrow limit's. 

Great strides have been made in curative medi- 
cine. The merciless therapeutics of the past have 
been swept away. A more accurate knowledge of 
diseases and a better understanding of the action of 
drugs has led to effective methods of treatment. 
Medicines are now given with a definite idea of their 
action, and in cases where experience has taught 
recovery is more speedy without them, they are 
wisely withheld. Nature is now assisted rather than 



hindered in effecting her cures. Few specifics have 
yet been discovered, but from vvrhat has already been 
accomplished it can be confidently predicted that the 
day is not far distant when a majority of the toxines 
will be met by their anlitoxines. 

And lastly, a word in regard to alleviative medi- 
cine. There is nothing for which manliind is more 
indebted to medical science than for the power it 
now possesses of controlling pain. We of this gen- 
eration can never justly appreciate the boon to 
humanity in ansesthetics. We cannot fully realize 
what it means to be freed from the awful shock and 
agony of surgical operations. 

The nineteenth century has brought marvellous 
blessings to sick and suffering humanity, and the 
future is radiant with promise. Every day we see 
the extension and improvement of the means which 
in the immediate past have contributed so wonder- 
fully to the progress of this beneficent science, and 
those of us who are permitted to continue this life 
well into the next century will witness development 
in medicine beyond the most extravagant imagina- 
tion to predict. 

Members of the Faculty, the Class of '97 is not 
unmindful of the debt of gratitude it owes the able 
corps of instructors of this school, and we deem it a 
great pleasure to express our sincere appreciation of 
your efforts in our behalf. Your kind words of 
encouragement and unfailing courtesy have smoothed 
our path and lightened our burden. You have taught 
us by example the lesson of zeal and application, 
and the influence of your personalities will be a con- 
stant and potent factor in shaping our future career. 
You have labored with untiring zeal in assisting us 
to lay a substantial foundation for the noble work 
before us, and it will not be your fault if we do not 
rear thereon a superstructure that will be an honor 
to ourselves, a credit to our profession, and a blessing 
to the sick and suffering. We go forth trusting that 
in us you may never find a source of disappointment, 
but rather that we may fulfill your highest expecta- 

Fellow-classmates, the time has now arrived when 
we must bid adieu to old scenes, associations, and 
friends, and there is a thread of sadness woven in 
with all this joy and hope that we now experience. 
It is with reluctance that we speak the words of fare- 
well. The ties that have bound us through these 
three student years must be broken, but the friend- 
ships here contracted will live on forever. As we 
step forth into the medical profession, may we be 
fully impressed witli the nobleness of our calling. 
Great opportunities are before us, and let every one 
of us strive to abundantly improve them. Much is 

given us, and much in return will be expected of us. 
Let us, then, be guarded, that nothing turns our foot- 
steps from the path of duty. We must not let any 
fault of ours so mar our lives as to prevent an 
abundant realization of the hopes we now cherish. 

After the oration, President Hyde pre- 
sented tlie diplomas, and announced the 
following men as leading their class in the 
order named : George M. Woodman, Nathan- 
iel P. Butler, Joseph C. Breitling, and George 
C. Littlefield. The following are the names 
of the graduating class: 

Charles William Bell, Joseph Cushman Breitling, 
Nathaniel Purington Butler, Samuel Thomas Fergu- 
son, Charles Pearl Field, Harry Weston Goodspeed, 
Daniel William Hayes, Harry Marshall Heald, Ben- 
jamin Franklin Hodsdon, Charles Benjamin Holt, 
Leroy Mason Howes, Frank Edgar Hoyt, Bela Geyza 
llles, Spurgeon Judson Jenkins, Charles Edgar John- 
son, Charles Milton Leighton, A.B., Erving Asa 
Libbey, George Curtis Littlefield, A.B., James Gard- 
ner Littlefield, Walter Emery Merrill, Dennis Joseph 
O'Brion, Clarence Capen Peaslee, Everett Clifton 
Perkins, A.B., Lester Forest Potter, Harry Lockwood 
Prescott, Fi'ank Wayland Russell, Ross Eliot Savage, 
John William Schafer, Charles Roscoe Smith, A.M., 
Bernard Le Roy Towle, Charles Jewett Watson, 
Herbert Clark Wayland, Benjamin Franklin Went- 
worth, George M. Woodman. 

'J'he class officers are : 

President, Charles M. Leighton ; Vice-Presidents, 
Charles W. Bell, Ross Eliot Savage, Joseph C. 
Breitling; Marshal, Lester F. Potter; Secretary, 
Erving A. Libby; Treasurer, James G. Littlefield; 
Executive Committee, (xcorge C. Littlefield (chair- 
man), Daniel W. Hayes, Bela G. llles, Nathaniel P. 

Prizes and Awards. 
Following is a list of the prizes and awards 

announced during the spring term: 

Goodwin Commencement Prize — William Frye 

Pray English Prize — Joseph William Hewitt. 

English Composition — Archie Sherman Harriman 
and Frederic Howard Dole, first prizes ; Harry 
Maxwell Varrell and Robert Sidney Hagar, sec- 
ond prizes. 

Brown Extemporaneous Prize — Archie Sherman Har- 
riman, first prize; George Edgar Carmichael, 
second prize. 



Junior Declamation Prizes — Harlan Melville Bisbee, 
first prize ; Percival Proctor Baxter, second prize. 

Smyth Matliematical Prize — Drew Bert Hall. 

Sewall Latin Prize — Alton Amaziah Hayden and 
Harold FeSenden Dana, tied. 

Sewall Greeli Prize — Lucien Percy Libby and Lincoln 
Lewis Cleaves, tied. 

Commencement Ball. 
On Tuesday evening occurred the Dance 
on the Green, which later adjourned to 
Memorial Hall. The evening was perfect, 
and the occasion most delightful in every 
respect. About seventy -five couples danced. 
The green and the hall were both prettily 
decorated, and the Salem Cadet Band fur- 
nished music. Supper was served at Memo- 
rial Hall. The order of dances was: 

Waltz, Song of Love. 

Two-Step, ..... Simple Simon. 

Waltz, The Swallows. 

Two-Step The Old Guard. 

Waltz, ...... Espanita. 

Two-Step, King Carnival. 

Waltz, Artists' Life. 

Two-Step, Oriental Echoes. 

Wallz, .... Sweet Rosie 0'(irady. 
Two-Step Richmond. 


Two-Step, Maine Capitol. 

Wallz, Symposia. 

Two-Step, Jack. 

Waltz, ..... Simple Simon. 

Two-Step El Capitan. 

Waltz, .... Les Mousquetaires. 

Two-Step King Cotton. 

Waltz, Danube Waves. 

Two-Step University. 

Waltz, Au Revoir. 

Five extras were added at intervals. 

The aids were Stephen Osgood Andros, 
R. Sidney Hagar, John Hinckley Morse, 
M. Sumner Coggan. 

The patronesses of the evening were Mrs. 
Hyde, Mrs. Mitchell, Mrs. Lee, Mrs. Robin- 
son, Mrs. Houghton, Mrs. Woodruff, Mrs. 
Johnson, Mrs. Little, Mrs. Moody, Mrs. 
Hutchins, Mrs. Whittier, Mrs. Files, Mrs. 
MacDonald, Mrs. W.B.Mitchell, Mrs. Hatch. 

Meetings of the Boards of Trustees 
AND Overseers. 
During the week several meetings of the 
Trustees and Overseers were held, and much 
important business was transacted. All of 
their most important acts are mentioned in 
other columns of this paper with one excep- 
tion ; they voted to remodel Appleton Hall 
during the coming summer, and work is to 
commence immediately. 

Commencement Concert. 
The annual Commencement concert was 
held at tlie Town Hall on the evening of the 
23d, and was well attended. The programme 
was excellent, and all the selections were 
well received. The Salem Cadet Band, the 
Temple Quartet, Miss Jennie Corea, soprano, 
and the remainder of the programme were 
all at their best. The Temple Quartet was 
of particular interest to Bowdoin men, as 
Willard, '96, is singing basso with them. 
He was warmly received and encored. 

Fraternity Reunions. 
After the Commencement concert the 
reunions of the various fraternities were 
lield. These were all well attended, and are 
one of the chief attractions of the week to 
the older alumni, not to mention the younger. 
The morning sun was appearing as these 
reunions disbanded, and many a sleepy eye 
of the day following told of the happy hours 
of the evening before. 

President's Reception. 
During the evening of the 24th, Thurs- 
day, President and Mrs. Hyde held their 
reception at Memorial Hall. This was well 
attended, and was a most enjoyable occa- 
sion. The hall was tastefully decorated, and 
refreshments were served during the evening. 
With this reception the exercises of Com- 
mencement week at Bowdoin close. 



Phi Beta Kappa. 

The annual meeting of the Phi Beta 
Kappa Society was held at four o'clock, 
Wednesday afternoon, in Adams Hall. The 
Fraternity elected fourteen members from 
the Senior Class, a very large percentage. 
Their names are as follows : Archie Sherman 
Harriraan, Harry Maxwell Varrell, Joseph 
William Hewitt, Frederick Howard Dole, 
John Hastings Quint, Fred Gustavus Knee- 
land, John George Haines, Robert Lord Hull, 
George Monroe Brett, George Edgar Car- 
michael, Hugh McCallum, Frank Jackson 
Small, Eugene Conrad Vining, and Daniel 
Weston Elliot. 

The officers for the coming year were 
elected as follows : President, Prof. H. L. 
Chapman, '66; Vice-President, Hon. H. H. 
Burbank, '60 ; Secretary and Treasurer, Prof. 
F. C. Robinson, '73; Literary Couimittee, 
Prof. G. T. Little, '77, chairman. 

At the business meeting it was voted that 
a portion of the members of Phi Beta Kappa 
be elected at the end of Junior year, this to 
commence next year; also the Bowdoin 
chapter gave her assent to the admission of 
scientific schools into the fraternity. 

The classes of '7's had the largest and 
most successful reunions, with the exception 
of those of the younger alumni, who always 
return in goodly numbers. Among the papers 
read was the following' poem, delivered by 
Henry S. Webster of '67 : 

Our Thirtieth. 
What upstarts have usurped our place ? 

Where are the cap and gown ? 
The seven is on its proper base, 

The six is upside down. 

Reverse the figure and restore 

To youth its wonted gleam! 
We're Bowdoin's merry boys once more, 

All else a fitful dream. 

Up, comrades ! Rally to the field ! 

'Tis Sixty-seven that calls ! 
Let's cause the Medic doors to yield ! 

Let's scale the chapel walls ! 

Our college days are almost o'er. 

We'll frolic while we can. 
Nor delve too deep in Packard's lore. 

Nor Smythe's, that dear old man ! 

Alas for him whose treacherous mind 

Time's ruin idly braves! 
Our faltering footsteps are confined. 

They stumble over graves. 

llere Prex and Profs rest side by side. 
There classmates' mounds arise. 

And Fancy's witchery cannot hide 
The ground where havoc lies. 

We must confess the thirty years 

Of mingled loss and gain. 
The thirty years of hopes and fears. 

Of pleasure and of pain. 

Content that in the final cast 

Of victory and dole. 
With Memory's pen we may at last 

Write plus before the whole. 

So with a tear for those who died, 

A smile to those who live. 
With true and steadfast hearts we bide 

Whate'er the future give. 

And, Bowdoin, ere we part, to thee 
We'll lift the voice of praise, 

For hours of mirth and jollity, 
For staid, scholastic ways. 

We do not care, while memories last. 

One tittle to forego. 
Or of the days when we were fast, 

Or those when we were slow. 

For surely life, when lived aright, 

Is aye a checlsered thing ; 
Joy mates with grief and dark with light. 

And autumn follows spring. 

Both thou and we have had our days 

Of halycon calm and rest. 
When not a cloud perplexed the gaze. 
Nor wave the soul distressed. 

Why venture forth on unknown seas 
Where storms perchance were loud. 



When we might glide with favoring breeze 
O'er those our fathers ploughed ? 

Why face the wrath of Cyolades 

Or lure of siren-song, 
When Ithaca had sunny leas 

Its peaceful shores along ? 

But now I see thee spread thy sails, 

New regions to explore, 
And woo the breath of untried gales 

Which ne'er filled sail before. 

Thee from thy course shall tempests blow ? 

Or thee shall waves o'erwhelra? 
We have no fears, because we know 

Whose hand is at thy helm. 

Then, Mother, bravely speed thy way 

To zones of greater fame, 
And light of love and glory play 

Around Old Bowdoin's name ! 

Maine Historical Society. 

The annual meeting was held Wednesday, 
June 23, 1897, in the Physics Lecture Room 
of the Science Building at 9 A.M. and 2 p.m. 
The following papers, commemorative of the 
quadri-centennial of the discover}' of North 
America by John Cabot, were presented 
and read : Introductory — " A Brief Resum^ of 
Cabot's Voyages," b}"^ Hon. James P. Baxter ; 
" The Old World at the Dawn of Western Dis- 
covery," by Professor J. W Black of Water- 
ville; "The Cartography of the Period," by 
Rev. H. S. Burrage of Portland; " The Land 
Fall of Cabot and the Extent of his Discov- 
eries," by Professor William MacDonald of 
Brunswick; "The Value and Significance 
of Cabot's Discovery," by Professor John 
S. Sewall of Baugor. 

These ofEcers were chosen for 1897-98 : 
President, James Phinnej'' Baxter of Port- 
land; Vice-President, Rufus K. Sewall of 
Wiscasset; Treasurer, Fritz H. Jordan of 
Portland; Corresponding Secretary and Biog- 
rapher, Joseph Williamson of Belfast; Re- 
cording Secretary, Librarian, and Curator, 
Hubbard W. Bryant of Portland; Standing 
Committee, Henry S. Burrage, Henry L. 
Chapman, John Marshall Brown, Edward P. 

Burnham, Samuel C. Belcher, Charles E. 
Nash, John M. Glidden. 

The following men were elected resident 
members of the society : Frederick Atwood, 
Wiuterport; Edward A. Butler, Rockland; 
Henry B. Cleaves, Portland; Samuel T. 
Dole, South Windham; John H. Fogg, Port- 
land ; Ivory F. Frisbee, Lewiston; Francis 
Keefe, Eliot-; Seth L. Larrabee, Portland; 
Sidney W. Thaxter, Portland; Robert T. 
Whitehouse, Portland. 

These were elected corresponding mem- 
bers: Professor William F. Genung, North- 
ampton, Mass.; Professor Charles F. Rich- 
ardson, Hanover, N. H.; Henry Herbert 
Edes, Cambridge, Mass.; D. S. Alexander, 
Buffalo, N. Y. 

It was voted that the field-day excursion 
be held at York, Isle of Shoals, early in 
September. M. A. Safford of Kittery was 
appiiinted as chairman of Committee of 

It was also voted that resident members- 
of thirty years' standing may be placed, at 
their own request, upon the list of honorary 

The meeting then adjourned. 

©ollegii ©abala. 

The occupants of Appleton Hall were kept busy 
during the last week, moving their furniture. 

The Freshmen banqueted at Portland according 
to custom on the evening of the 10th. The class 
attended in a body, and all enjoyed the festivities. 

The alumui-'varsity base-ball game was played 
Wednesday afternoon on the Athletic Field before 
a crowded grand stand. The game was somewhat 
loosely played by both sides, but it had its interest- 
ing features. The 'varsity was represented by 
Haines, c, Bodge, p., and Hull, 2b., assisted by 
French, lb., Wilson, s.s., Smith, '99, 3b., Clarke, '99, 
l.f., Neagle, o.f , and Baxter, r.f. The alumni were 
Chapman, Plaisted, Fairbanks, Merrill, Warren, 
Hinkley, Libby and others. When play ceased the 
score stood 7 to 4 in favor of the 'varsity. 



Straight But I^o. 1 


little more 
irettcs, will 

CIGARKTTE Smokehs, wlio are willing' to pay 
than tlie price cliargeil for the oriliuary trade Ci| 
find THIS BRAND superior to all others. 

These ciofarettes are made from the brightest, most delicately 
flavored and highest cost Gold L,eaf grown in Virginia. This 
is the Old and Original Brand of Straight Cut Cigarettes, 
and was brought out by us in the year 187.5. 

EEWAEE OF IMITATIOHS, and observe that the firm name as 
below is on every package. 


The American Tobacco Company, 

Successor, Manufacturer, 


Steam Dye House 


Can he done thoroughly. With the very best workmen and all the 
improvements in the way of machinery, flxluves, and tools, we 
can do flrst-clase work and as low as it can he done. 

"We make it a specialty tc keep lusiness furniture.' 

Gents' Garments Cleansed, Dyed, 
Pressed, and Repaired 

L the hest possible manner. 

Ladies' Dresses Cleansed, Dyed, and 

Finished Without Taking Apart. 

Lace Curtains done over to look like new. 

JOSEPH LeBLANC, Proprietor, 

141 Main Street, LEWISTON, ME. 

3p>e^U:ing of 


People who use 
desks want the 
kind that look 
best, and are most 
compact and most 


F"our F='eet L-ong. 

Well, that is the kind we sell. 
We have the Cutler Desks, than which none are 
better, and the best Typewriter Tables and Desks, 
Letter Presses, Bill Files, Office Tables, Swivel 
Office Chairs, in short, all that one could need for 
any business purpose. Catalogue sent on request. 

"The Household Outfitters," 





0F5%ltlCKEL , 







Mention Orient when Patronizing Our Advertisers. 



Vol. XXVII. 

No. 6. 




Percival p. Baxter, '98, Editor-in-Chief. 
Roy L. Mabston, '99, Assistant Editor-in-Chief. 
William H. Crafts, 1900, Business Manager. 
Thomas L. Marble, '98. Harold F. Dana, '99. 
John W. Condon, '98. Fred R. Marsh, '99. 

Lucien p. Libby, '99. Hanson H. Webster, '99. 

Byron S. Philoon, '99. James P. Webber, 1900. 

Per annum, in advance, $2.00. 

Single Copies, 15 Cents. 

Extra copies can be obtainecl at tlie bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Manager. 

liemittances should be made to the Business Manager. Coni- 
niunjcations in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Editor-in-Chief. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Bowdoin Verse Department should be sen' 
to Box 960, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should be sent to Box 945, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post-Offlce at Brunswick as S2cond-ClaS3 Mail Matter. 
Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston. 


Vol. XXVir., No. G.— September 29, 1897. 

Editorial Notes 109 

The Experiments of Alphonso Gibbs with Cathode 

Rays Ill 

Cutting a Bee Tree 113 

Bowdoin Verse : 

The Philosopher Spealcs 114 

In Vain Hi 

Chorus ■. . 115 

CoLLEGii Tabula 115 

Athletics 118 

Y. M. C. A 120 

Personal 121 

Another summer has passed, and again 
the old campus is the scene of the life 
and activity which deserted it last June. 
To the majority of us its surroundings, 
its customs, and its faces, save those of the 
incoming class, are familiar. But to the 
Freshmen everything txppears strange and 
novel. The same change has taken place 
which occui's year after year ; the outgoing 
class has departed, much lamented, while 
the others move forward one step to make 
room for the new arrivals. 'Tis as useless 
for the Orient to eulogize the Class of '97 
as to advise the Class of 1901. The former 
class completed an honorable record as many 
a preceding class has done, while the latter 
must yet make a name and a place for itself 
among its predecessors. 

The Orient greets the students, one and 
all, and hopes that the year of '97-98 may 
be one of unusual brilliancy and success for 
the college in every branch of its varied life. 
Let our present and future be as free from 
rupture and discord between individuals, 
professors, and classes, as our past, and 
Bowdoin's onward march from prosperity 
to prosperity will be uninterrupted and 



NO radical changes have occurred among 
the ranks of our Faculty. Owing to the 
absence of President Hyde in Europe, his 
position is filled by Professor Chapman, and 
his Senior courses have accordingly been 
more or less changed. By a readjustment 
of the Senior schedule nothing is to be omit- 
ted, and each course will receive its proper 

The Orient welcomes to the college our 
two new professors, Professor Mitchell and 
Professor Emery, the latter having but 
returned from a prolonged trip abroad. 
In filling these two chairs the governing 
boards of the college showed their apprecia- 
tion of marked ability, and the Orient 
speaks for the college in extending its best 
wishes to both Professor Mitchell and Pro- 
fessor Emery as they return to us in their 
new capacities. Although they may not find 
their classes more eager for knowledge than 
before, on account of the change from 
instructor to professor, still their words 
should now bear more weight, and the royal 
road to learning, if such there be, may be 
more accessible to their classes. 

The members of the present Senior and 
Junior classes remember full well the college 
days of our new assistant in mathematics, 
Mr. Herbert O. Clough, and we all, from '98 
to 1901, are glad to see him amongst us 
again. Since graduation he has been pursu- 
ing post-graduate worlc at Clark University, 
Worcester, Mass., and comes fnlly prepared 
for his line of work. May his paths, as well 
as those of his classes, be smooth. 

WHAT are our foot-ball prospects this 
autumn? This is the all-important 
question about college at present, is a 
question that cannot, be answered with 
words; deeds only can reply in this case. 
The Orient may as well speak plainly and 
state the true condition of affairs. The 
Class of '97 carried away several of our best 

men, and there seems to be a scarcity of 
good material which is available. The can- 
didates are far too few, and this too at the 
commencement of the most important season 
of foot-ball that Bowdoin has ever entered 
upon; a season when our superiority over 
our sister Maine colleges is to be questioned, 
and questioned moreover by foenien worthy 
of our muscle as well as of our brains. 
The old story that the other Maine colleges 
never could overtake us in foot-ball is indeed 
out of date. Why should they uot, with 
men, money, and brains? Our prestige and 
experience will serve us only so far as we 
sup[)lement them with men, money, and 
brains, equal if not superior to theirs. How 
shall this be done? Everyone knows the 
answer, every one knows his duty, and if 
every one does his duty all will be well. 

The foot-ball management is all that 
could be desired — the captain, manager, and 
coacli — and they will accomplish whatever is 
in the power of man ; but three men, two 
of whom are non-players, can not defend 
Bowdoin's honor upon the gridiron. As 
Coach Warren recently said: "The Bowdoin 
spirit is proverbial, and now is the time to 
uphold it, when severely pressed." We need 
men, and moreover there are men at college 
just such as we need, and we must have 
them. Foot-ball is Bowdoin's specialty 
among sports, as Dr. Whittier remarked at 
the mass-meeting last week, and as such, 
strenuous efforts should be made to produce 
as strong a team as the college can afford. 

The question of finance must not be over- 
looked in our efforts to strengthen our team. 
The management has wisely decided to incur 
no debts, and to play only so long as funds 
are supplied. The students therefore will 
not only be to blame if the team is weak, 
but also if the season should be abruptly 
stopped for lack of proper financial support. 
This is the situation facing us, and it would 
seem hardly necessary for us to urge upon 



the student body the performance of its 

■^ SUMMER vacation has never passed but 
/ -*■ that some improvements have been 
made about college. In times past our prog- 
ress has occasionally been somewhat slow, 
but it can be safely said that Bowdoin has 
never reached a position of standstill, much 
less of retrogression. The foremost step 
taken last summer was the remodelling of 
Appleton Hall, a step long contemplated and 
much needed. Now the college possesses 
two dormitories of which it is justly proud. 
Under the efficient supervision of the col- 
lege janitor, Mr. Simpson, work has been 
pushed rapidly, and the dormitory was 
read}', much to the surprise and satisfaction 
of all, as soon as the term opened. The 
occupants of Appleton should thank Mr. 
Simpson for his efforts in their behalf, for 
not one building in a hundred is ready 
upon schedule time. The occujjants of 
Appleton should take especial care to pre- 
serve the freshness and neatness of their 
home, and let the men of Maine Hall vie 
with those of Appleton in maintaining order 
and cleanliness about their respective build- 
ings. In the rush and hurry of remodelling 
Appleton, the other buildings have by no 
means been overlooked; Massachusetts has 
received new office furniture, recitation rooms 
have been repainted, and everything in fact 
placed in perfect condition for occupancy. 
What better proof is needed of the college's 
prosperity than the well-kept lawns, weed- 
less paths, and spick and span buildings? 
No stranger need ask as to the progressive- 
ness of Bowdoin if he but uses his eyes. 

JPHE Orient Board is glad to receive again 
-*■ a former member, who was absent from 
college a year, Mr. John W. Condon, who 
has joined the Class of '98. He resumes his 
duties at college and upon the board with 
the best wishes of all. 

JT7HIS, the first issue of the Orient of the 
-*■ present collegiate year, is sent to each 
membev of the Freshman Class, in the belief 
that each will wish to become a subscriber. 
College journalism should be supported as 
well as college athletics ; in fact no branch 
of college activity ought to be neglected. 
College life is many-sided, and each side 
should receive its legitimate attention. 
Unless a notice is received by the business 
manager, before the appearance of the next 
issue, to discontinue the paper, it is under- 
stood that you wish it continued, thereby 
becoming a subscriber. A word of advice 
to those entering upon their first year, and 
to them only, for it is too late for the 
others. Many a student fails to preserve his 
Orients from fortnight to fortnight. When 
h^s commencement arrives he wishes his 
Orients bound, as they contain a complete 
journal of his college course, bat long before 
that they have been lost or destroyed, and 
he is deprived of one of his most valued 
souvenirs of college life. 

Last spring the Orient Board voted to 
discontinue each and every unpaid subscrip- 
tion of over a year's standing. This was 
deemed necessary in self-defense, and if any 
students or alumni fail to receive the Orient, 
the reason is not far to seek. This radical 
step was deemed necessary, owing to the 
large and increasing number of "dead-heads" 
upon our lists, but we trust that our sub- 
scriptions will not suffer thereby, and that 
all will square their accounts immediately. 

The Experiments of Alphonso 

Gibbs with Cathode Rays. 

'"nTTORNEY AT LAW," read the sign 

/ *■ on the door of Alphonso Gibbs's office, 
and the few persons who entered his sanctum 
did indeed find a number of old briefs scat- 
tered about the room; otherwise the little 
old room seemed to be a sort of cross between 
a laboratory and a photographer's studio. 



Alphonso Gibbs in his student clays 
had read that it is well for a profes- 
sional man to have some hobby which will 
quite divert his mind from his regular duties, 
and, like many other peo[)le, Alphonso Gibbs 
had allowed his hobby to gain the greatest 
share of his time and attention. While his 
brothers in the profession were busy working 
up their cases and tending strictly to busi- 
ness, Alphonso Gibbs was tinkering around 
with sulphuric acid or developing plates in 
his dark room. 

Poor Elvira, Alphonso's wife, had always 
had a hard time when she wished to get 
anything done by her better half. "Alphonso 
is so forgetful," she would say, " but I don't 
have the heart to scold him, for he is always 
so afraid that he is not going to live that I 
fear he is not long for this world." Poor 
Alphonso Gibbs! His wife's words were 
indeed true; the poor man had a nervous 
dread that he was going to die soon, and this 
thought bad tormented him for years. As 
day after day came on, so did one fancied 
disease after another come to trouble this 
nervous man. On Monday, heart disease 
was likely to take him off any minute; on 
Tuesday, consumption was fast eating up his 
life; Wednesday morning he was sure that 
he had Bright's disease, and if he happened 
to' have a fall on Thursdaj' he knew that he 
had dislocated a joint. 

As to his foi'getfulness, I think he was 
the most absent-minded man I ever met. 
He. had one method by which, however, he 
was aided in remembering to do some errand 
or small task enjoined on him by the patient 
Elvira. On his right hand he wore a large 
seal ring, and upon receiving his wife's com- 
mands, Alphonso would remove the ring 
from his right hand and place it on one of 
the fingers of his left hand. The peculiarity 
of the feeling generally lasted long enough 
for him to go from his house down town. 

The errand completed, the ring was shifted 
back to its former position. 

Now it happened, one Monday morning, 
Mrs. Gibbs wished her husband to buy either 
a box of tacks, or a bottle of cough syrup 
for mother's cold, or some other trifle. Ac- 
cordingly the seal ring was shifted and 
Alphonso went forth to his business. Now 
it happened that this morning, when the 
errand was completed, Alphonso either neg- 
lected or forgot — we suspect the latter — to 
change the position of the ring, and this was 
the cause of the distress which, several days 
later, filled the mind of this worrying man. 

This Monday morning Alphonso 'Gibbs, 
upon entering his office, seated himself, and 
pushing aside the scraps of litmus paper and 
a bottle of deadly-looking fluid labelled 
"Developer No. 1," took down from his 
scanty book-case a dusty, musty, old law 
book. He turned the pages aimlessly for 
quite a long time — it may have been for an 
hour or more — then his ej'e fell ou the last 
number of his scientific journal, and soon 
he was in the midst of the subject of cathode 
rays and recent experiments along that line. 

Enough of reading for Alphonso Gibbs! 
He must see for himself. In an hour this 
tinkering lawyer had prepared to photograph 
his hand with X rays. Naturally enough he 
photographed his left hand, for his right was 
busy with the camera. 

The plate was carefully put in the dark 
room to be developed on the coming day. 
The lawyer went to his home and, when his 
attention was called to his ring, replaced it 
on his right hand without further thought; 
for a very absent-minded man was this 
Alphonso Gibbs, attorney at law. 

On Tuesday Alphonso Gibbs developed 
his plate and put it in the bright sun to 
print. He took out the proof with delight. 
There was the grim skeleton of his hand in 
a dark mass of flesh. But what is that on 



the third finger? Something which Alphonso 
Gibbs, with his smattering of anatonij-, knows 
is not normal. The bones show distinctly, 
but just below tlie knuckle is something 
which looks like an abnoimal growth. He 
feels of his finger. There seems to be 
nothing there. But still — look at the picture I 
The X rays show what is within. "Alas, 
poor Alphonso Gibbs, 3'ou must lose that 
finger ! The doctor will say that amputation 
is absolutely necessary." Thus this nervous 
man speaks within himself. For two weeks 
or more Alphonso Gibbs quaked with fear. 
He dreaded to tell any one of his fearful 
discovery. He grew paler and thinner than 
ever. At last, summoning up all his courage, 
he called upon the best specialist in the city. 
He displayed his photograph and, pointing 
out his discovery, groaned, "Oh, doctor, 
doctor! What can this be?" Then the 
doctor, looking at poor Alphonso Gibbs, the 
attorney at law, smiled and said, "I should 
judge that you must have worn a large seal 
ring on your finger when that photograph was 
taken." And then he smiled again. 

Cutting a Bee Tree. 

"Some say the bee stings; but I say 'tis the bees-wax." 

— Henry IV. 

TTfO one who is acquainted with the life and 
^ ways of the bee there can be no doubt 
of its ability to sting. But while the pain 
resulting from its attack is rarely serious, 
the danger of being stung, such as it is, only 
adds more zest and excitement to the cutting 
of a tree. My friend, one of those tall, lean, 
loose-jointed fellows, and I, had had the bee 
fever for some time. Various interruptions, 
however, had delayed our expedition till, on 
one clear July morning, we started to find a 
tree. The air was still and clear, and as we 
drove oif through the woods we could see the 
bees everywhere at work upon the flowers. 

Having arrived at a suitable place we 
took a small alcohol lamp and placed it under a 

dish containing a piece of honey-comb. Near 
by a sheet of white paper, smeared with 
honey, was placed on a pole. Pretty soon 
the honey-comb on the pan began to cook 
and exiiale a strong odor of honey. The 
bees working near by were attracted, and 
with long buzzings and dronings and big 
circles through the air they at length settled on 
the paper. .In half an hour we had repre- 
sentatives from all the section about. The 
paper, with the bees on it, was then carefully 
placed in a small glass box in which a quan- 
tity of flour had been strewn. It was not 
long before each bee was as white as the 
flour itself, and we commenced to let them 
leave the box one by one. As soon as the 
bees were freed they would slowly rise in 
ever-widening circles above the box; till 
finally, having got the points of the compass, 
they were off in a " bee line " for the hive. 
By letting our captives loose from different 
points we were soon able to line several 
trees, and by noon liad found three. One 
of these was a large cypress, some six feet 
through but all hollow at the base. This one 
we decided to cut in the afternoon, leave it 
till after dark when the bees had settled 
down, and then go for our plunder. After 
some hard chopping the tree fell with a loud 
crash, and we beat a hasty retreat through 
the underbrush while the bees swarmed every- 
where about us. There was every evidence 
to believe the hive was a large one, and my 
friend jubilantly remarked : " I reckon we've 
struck a warm one ; " though perhaps it 
proved to be warmer than he had imagined. 

About eight o'clock, like a pair of rob- 
bers we silently went to the swamp. The 
night was dark, and loaded down with axes, 
kettles, and various utensils, we floundered 
along among logs, quagmires, and almost 
every conceivable obstacle. Around us the 
frogs, to judge from the sound, a good-sized 
army of them, were croaking iu full chorus. 
Suddenly, without any obvious cause, they 



were silent, and in the pause that followed 
we heard a low but well-defined, continuous 
rumbling sound but a short distance ahead. 
It was the bees buzzing in the tree we 
had cut. 

With some misgivings we set about our 
task. Near the opening in the tree a fire 
must be built and a smudge made. Water 
must be sprayed on the hive and sulphur 
burned on the fire; and finally, after going 
through these and other incantations, we 
took our axes and fell to opening the tree. 
We well knew that in the dark not many of 
the bees would leave the hive, but then — it 
only takes one bee to make a strong impres- 
sion. We were, however, unusually suc- 
cessful. The bees seemed bewildered, and 
flew around aimlessly without interrupting 
us in the least. The old comb, some of 
which was very dark, we separated from that 
of a lighter color, and it was all placed in 
the kettles we had brought for the purpose. 

One of the most interesting parts of cut- 
ting a bee tree is always in the eating of 
some of the honey as it is taken out. My 
friend had become tired of chopping, and so 
seating himself on the log, he was compla- 
cently sucking a choice bit of comb. I had 
my back turned to him and was scooping up 
some honey while he was dilating on the 
value of our find: 

" No doubt about it. It is the best place, 
the best spot" — when suddenly, to put the 
action as poetically as possible, something 
behind me "gat up and gie a croon." I turned 
around, and there, going through contortions 
and antics, was a figure clutching wildly in the 
air. That tall, lank form, now, in the uncer- 
tain light, was only a maze of hands and feet 
and arms, each assuming the most fantastic 

"What is the matter, Montie?" I ex- 
claimed with an ill-concealed smile. 

A look of reproach and injured innocence 
was his only answer. He seemed all the 

while to shake his clothes energetically, and 
finally, after much difficulty, managed to 
shake out of his pants leg a little bee — little, 
but oh ! so warm. 

"Did he sting you?" I inquired sym- 
pathetically, but my friend did not seem 
inclined to talk on the subject, and contented 
himself by observing that it was an " active 
little critter." 

After this encounter, however, we had 
but little trouble. When the rest of tlie 
honey had been collected, we gathered our 
things together and put out our fire. The 
bees were sliaken into some tight sacks which 
we had brought along, and when we arrived 
at home, were gently placed in a new hive. 
Next day the comb was picked over and 
melted down into bees-wax; while the honey 
was strained and finally placed in some jars, 
to be for a long time a pleasing reminder of 
our adventures in cutting a bee tree. 

Sowdoir^ ^ep§e. 

The Philosopher Speaks. 

Why should I care tho' skies be gray ; 
Care if cloudy be the day ? 

Thine eyes are my blue skies. 

Why should I care though light be fied ? 
Round about thy gold-tress'd head 
A saint-like halo shines. 

Why should I care tho' earth be sad? 
Thy sweet smile shall make me glad, 
And life be pure and bright. 

In Vain. 

I watched one summer by the sea 
The ships come in. 
I watched for mine. 
, I watched in vain. 
The ships all bore some other name ; 
Were other owners' ships that came. 
For mine I looked and watched 
In vain. 



I watch a life-time all alone 
For golden days. 
They come not by. 
I watch in vain. 
All others find that happy time 
And live amid the magic clime. 
For mine I look and watch 
In vain. 


[Translated from the Bacchantes of Euripides.] 

Oh, thou blessed virgin Dirce, 
Child august of Achelous, 
Thou who in thy playful fountains 
Didst the Zeus-born infant shelter, 
When from inextinguishable 
Flame his heavenly father snatched hira, 
Snatched him to his thigh, exclaiming, 
"Come to me, my Dithyrarabus, 
In thy father's womb take shelter ; " 
Saying, "Some day shall the Thebans 
Know I named thee Dithyrambus ! " 
Tell me, my blessed Dirce, 
Tell me, why dost now reject me, 
Me, who in thy fields and forests 
Make so merry, crowned with garlands? 
Why dost flee me ? By the clustering 
Vine, the gift of Dionysus, 
Do I swear the day yet cometh 
When thou shalt remember Bacchus. 

Oh, what rage, what raging madness 
Actuates this earth-born Pentheus, 
Pentheus, sprung from creeping serpent. 
Gotten of earth-born Echion ; 
Pentheus, Thebe's brute-faced monster ; 
Not, indeed, a human being. 
But, in sooth, some furious giant, 
Wrestling 'gainst the powers of heaven, 
E'er to hope to bind with fetters 
Me, the chaste handmaid of Bacchus, 
E'er to dare to cast into prison 
The companion of my revels ! 
Dost behold, Dionysus, 
How we are beset with danger? 
Wing thy flight down from Olympus, 
Wave the golden-crowned thyrsus. 
Curb this reckless mortal's fury. 

Tell me where, Dionysus, 
Thou thy revel-bands assemblest? 

Whether 'midst the wilds of Nysa 
Or upon Corycian summits ? 
Or amidst Olympus's wooded 
Chambers, where the god-like Orpheus 
By his lyre's enchanting music 
Brought the very trees to listen, 
Charmed the wild beasts of the forest? 
Oh, Pieria the blessed. 
Know that Evius respects thee. 
And that, stemming Axius's current. 
Leaving Lydias behind him. 
Giver of all wealth to mortals, 
Father who, with fairest streamlets. 
Waters the famed land of horses, 
Evius at last will greet thee, 
Urgingon the dancing Marnods 
'Midst the sacred Bacchic revels. 

Since the last edition of th,e 
Orient several changes for the 
better have taken place on the campus. 
Prominent among all are the improve- 
ments that have been made on Apple- 
ton Hall. Though not completely 
finished, the building was ready for occupancy at 
the beginning of the term, and presents now a far 
different appearance from what it did formerly. 
In the library several changes have been made, 
chiefly in regard to the position of the reading 
desks and the catalogue lists. A more commodious 
place, also, has been provided for Poole's Index. 
The frescoing on the Art Building is being renewed, 
and the "Gym." has been strengthened. 
Topsham Fair, next ! 
Piper, '99, is out canvassing. 
Phi Chi is in her ancient glory (?). 
F. E. Drake, '98, is leader of the chapel choir. 
Welch, '98, is assistant to Professor Hutchins. 
Rollins, '99, is out teaching this term at Bristol. 
Hewett, '97, is to serve as instructor in Greek 
and Latin. 

The Bowdoin orchestra is not yet organized for 
this season. 



Thompson, '96, is assistant to Professor Lee at 
his laboratory. 

Potter, J9U0, is out teaching, as is also S. M. 
Hamlin of the same class. 

The Art Building has been undergoing some 
repairs about the main entrance. 

New station, dream of days to come! Tliou 
art still an ever-fleeting unreality! 

Kyes, Warren, Eastman, and Bailey, '96, held a 
miniature class reunion last week. 

McCarty, 1900, is employed at the Library, and 
Pearson, 1900, at the Art Building. 

The treasurer's ofQce in Massachusetts Hall has 
been improved by a hard-wood floor. 

Colds and sore throats have been in evidence 
much of late, especially at Appleton Hall. 

Joe Mahoney has been very busy these first few 
days getting the college rooms open for us. 

Professor Chapman opened the first chapel this 
year with a short address of well-chosen thoughts. 

Several Bowdoin students spent most of their 
summer studying medicine at the Portland Medical 

Lucien Libby, the chapel organist, is playing 
the organ at the Baptist church in town each 

E. Leon Jordan, 1900, who was so unfortunate 
as to break his leg this summer, has returned to 
the campus. 

The Trinity-Bowdoin foot-ball game has been 
canceled by Trinity, as her Faculty object to her 
making so long a trip. 

Professor Chapman recently preached the annual 
sermon before the conference of the Congregational 
churches of Maine at Belfast. 

What weather! The spring term was rainy, the 
summer, more so, and it now appears as though the 
fall term was to cap the climax. 

The college book-store is for sale. It would 
seem, therefore, that this institution is not such a 
mint of money as many have supposed. 

Foot-ball enthusiasts gather ea,ch afternoon on 
the athletic field to watch the men at work under 
their coach, Mr. Prescott Warren, Harvard, '96. 

Misses Ethel and Eleanor Hyde, Mr. Arthur 
Hyde, and W. P. Thompson, Bowdoin, '94, gave a 
concert last Wednesday evening, at Pythian Hall. 
The concert was well attended, and was of excep- 
tional musical merit. 

Stetson, '98, is at home sick with rheumatic fever. 

Minott, '98, is working in the library this week, 
in the place of Swan, '98, who is sick. 

At a recent meeting, the Class of '99 elected 
Greenlaw as its member on the athletic committee, 
and Thompson as its juryman for the coming year. 

On account of the repairs made on Appleton 
Hall, most of the furniture of the occupants of that 
end was stored for the summer in the old gymna- 

The familiar form of "Eph" is absent this fall. 
Through the activity of our capable janitor, Mr. 
Isaiah Simpson, this "friend "of all Bowdoin men 
is now boarding on the state. 

The first themes of the term were due Tuesday, 
September 28th. The subjects were as follows : 

1. Freedom in University Teaching. 

2. A Vacation Trip. 

3. Jane Austen's " Priile and Prejudice." 


1. An Autobiography. 

2. What Should Determine a Student's Choice of Elective 

Courses ? 

3. Cooper's " Spy." 

A Freshman recently was discovered searching 
in the top of the Science Building for Professor 
Moody's ofHce. Another member of the same class 
was heard to inquire innocently what an " adjourn " 

A troupe of blind musicians gave a concert at 
the town hall one evening last week. The gener- 
ally peaceful streets of Brunswick resounded with 
their strains, more or less musical, as they paraded 
the town. 

The number of '97 men who have returned to 
visit the college has been unusually small this fall. 
It is hoped that the reasons for this are that they 
are all busily occupied, rather than that they are 
forgetting us. 

The College Library has recently received a fine 
portrait from Harold Goodwin, Mrs. Mary M. Spen- 
cer, and Anna H. Vaughan, of their father, Rev. 
Daniel R. Goodwin, D.D,, professor of Modern Lan- 
guages and College Librarian from 1838 to 1853. 

The first week passed "with the customary 
" hold-ins," the fake foot-ball game, rope-pull, and 
the base-ball game between the two lower classes. 
As is usual, the Freshmen won the foot-ball game, 
while the friends of the Sophomores won the base- 
ball same. 



Fairfield, '99, successfully passed the examina- 
tions for the United States Naval Academy, at 
Annapolis, recently. But eleven of sixty-six can- 
didates were successful. He will be greatly missed, 
and all wish him well. 

The book-case owned and used by Longfellow 
in his study during his professorship at Bowdoin, 
which was presented to the college by the Class of 
1867, has been set up in the library. It contains 
the publicatious of alumni who graduated previous 
to 1826. 

By a new regulation, where there are more than 
twelve who elect Senior German, the class for that 
course is now chosen by rank. The members of 
the class for this year are as follows: Bonney, Con- 
don, Eaton, Gardner, Howard, Hunt, Knight, Law- 
rence, Loring, Miuott, Morsou, Odiorne. 

Last Thursday evening the Y. M. C. A. of the 
college gave an enjoyable reception to the members 
of the Freshman Class at the association's rooms in 
South Winthrop Hall. The committee in charge 
was composed of F. R. Marsh and T. E. Glidden of 
'99, and E. B. Holmes, W. B. Woodbury, and F. B. 
Merrill of 1900. 

In the absence of President Hyde, during this 
fall term, the following changes have been made in 
the Senior courses for this year : The course in 
American Government will occupy two hours a 
week, throughout the first and second terms, and 
the course in Constitutional Law, three hours a 
week during the third term. The courses in Phi- 
losophy will occupy six hours a week during the 
second term, and five hours a week during the 
third terra. 

The following, entitled, " College Men in the 
Klondike," appeared in an exchange: "Frank J. 
Staley, one of Dartmouth College's foot-ball players, 
has gone to the Klondike. From St. Michaels he 
writes that in his party there is another Dartmouth 
man, Pinkham, '74, and Chandler scientific course, 
now a resident of Boston. There are also several 
other college men on board— two from Tale, several 
from Berkeley, one or two from Leiand Stanford, 
two from Kenyou, one from Michigan University, 
one from Columbia, one from Harvard, and one 
from Iowa University, including two members of 
Delta Kappa Epsilon beside himself— Sturges, Cor- 
nell, '78 ; McGowan, Kenyon, '85. They are going to 
organize a college alumni association at Klondike." 

"How did you spend your vacation?" is a 
question often asked these first days of college. 
With the thought that it might prove interesting 

to all, the Orient gives below the way in which 
the different members of the Faculty passed the 
summer : 

President Hyde started in July for his trip 
abroad, and has been travelling through Scotland 
and Ireland. Professor Chapman staid for a part 
of the summer at Moosilocuke, N. H. Professor 
Lee was in Brunswick nearly all summer. Professor 
Robinson was at Mt. Vernon, Me. Professor Hough- 
ton spent a few weeks in North Conway, N. H. 
Professor Johnson was at Thomaston, Me. Pro- 
fessor Woodruff staid during July at Great Diamond 
Island, Portland Harbor. For the rest of the vaca- 
tion he was in Vermont. Professor Little spent 
one week in the White Mountains and another at 
the Isle of Shoals. Professors Moody and Hutch- 
ins took their annual outing in the Maine woods. 
Dr. Whittier was studying bacteriology in one of 
the Boston hospitals for most of the summer. Pro- 
fessor Piles passed his vacation in Portland. Pro- 
fessor MacDonald was in Brunswick engaged on a 
volume relating to American and Constitutional 
History. Professor Mitchell was at Freeport all 
summer. Professor Emery returned from his trip 
abroad during the early part of vacation and staid 
for the remainder at Hancock Point. Professor 
Currier was at Hallowell. 

Below is a list of the new students. Freshmen, 
Sophomores, and Specials, who enter college this 
fall, with the fraternities to which they are pledged 
attached. This list is necessarily more or less 
incomplete, as the class is as yet unsettled. Any 
errors in this list should be reported to Professor 
Little at the library. The Senior Class has been 
increased by several '97 men, Macmillan, Thomp- 
son, and Condon. 

Class of 1901. 
John Appleton, A K E, 
Harold L. Berry, i- T, 
Thomas W. Bowler, K 2, 
Royal H. Bod well, A K B, 
Gibeon E. -Bradbury, 
Roland E. Bragg, A K E, 
Roland E. Clark, -f Y, 
Scott M. Clark, 
H. H. Cloudman, K S, 
Harry S. Coombs, 
John A. Corliss, 6 A X, 
Arthur F. Cowan, A T, 
Fred H. Cowan, A T, 
Murray S. Danforth, 
Ripley L. Dana, A K E, 



Hopkinton, Mass. 






South Windham. 









Otho L. Dascombe (A K E), 
Heury D. Evaus, 
Frank A. Dillaway, Z -t, 
Edward T. Fenley, 
Clarence B. Flint, e A x, 
Robert C. Foster, A K E, 
Edwin M. Fuller, Jr., A A *, 
John Gregson, Jr., A A *, 
Arthur L. Griffiths, A A *, 
Almou F. Hill, e A X, 
Frederick L. Hill, e A X, 
Philip S. Hill, A T, 
Samuel P. Hitchcock, 
Alfred L. Laferriere, 
Austin P. Larrabee, A K E, 
Edward K. Leighton, -i- T, 
George L. Lewis, 
Elliott W. Loriug, K 2, 
F. L. Marston, 
Henry A. Martelle, 

. Harris J. Milliken, 
Bert D. Page, 
Artelle E. Palmer, A K E, 
Gardner M. Parker, Jr., K 2, 
Percy S. Percival, * T, 
John A. Pierce, ^ T, 
George L. Pratt, 
Hugh F. Quinn, 
Thomas C. Eandall, z -ir, 
Walter L. Sanborn, 
Freeman M. Short, -f T, 
Kenneth C. M. Sills, A K E, 
Arthur L. Small, K 2, 
Ernest T. Smith, 9 A X, 
Donald F. Snow, A K E, 
Rufus Y. Storer, 
Herbert D. Stewart, 

• Herbert L. Swett, A K E, 
Samuel D. Thompson, 
Lester D. Tyler, Z ir, 
Harold P. Vose, Z -ir, 
William M. Warren, 

■ Theodore Wells, 
George C. Wheeler, AT, 
John H. White, A A *, 
Roscoe E. Whiting, 

■ John H. Wyman, 
Clemens A. "Sost, 


George K. Bond, 
Charles S. Brown, 
Arthur C. Koapp, 








Worcester, Mass. 

Maiden, Mass. 


Brockton, Mass. 






South Berwick. 






South Brewer. 










Yarmouth ville. 















Portsmouth, 0. 

East Boston, Mass. 


South Bridgtou. 

Mr. Nutting, 
Henry H. Randall, 

Harry T. Burbank, t T, 
Burton M. Clougb, 
Harold M. Folson, 
Robert S. Edwards, A A *, 
George C. Minard, A K E, 


Exeter, N. H. 

North Sebago. 



Lewiston (Bates). 


On the morning of the 17th occurred the custom- 
ary foot-ball rush of the Sophomores. After the 
upper-classmen had called " Foot-Ball" for three 
successive mornings, a certain condescending 
Freshman tossed the ball in the midst of the Class 
of 1900. Thus commenced the lively but short- 
lived struggle. The ball first took a somewhat 
extensive tour about the Science and Art Buildings, 
then was rushed toward Appleton, where it was 
very nearly captured, two or three open windows 
increasing the probabilities of such a catastrophe. 
Nothing so serious happened, however, as the cohorts 
from Winthrop and Maine were most actively 
opposed against such a plan. After numerous per- 
sonal encounters the maltreated little ball was hur- 
ried toward North Maine, and there was lodged by 
Pettengill, '98. The entire proceeding occupied less 
than fifteen minutes, and was one of the shortest 
rushes on record. There seemed to be a lacking of 
general interest, and the participants were princi- 
pally those who always enjoy such "scraps." 

Although there were many who wished to con- 
tinue the game, the captors evidently thought too 
highly of their prize to again risk it, and the rush 
ended rather ingloriously. No recitations were 
indulged in, however, and the object of the scrap 
was thereby accomplished. 


After the foot-ball rush of Friday bad been 
suddenly terminated, there were sundry shouts 
for a rope-pull. These produced the desired 
effect of collecting the students, and also of pro- 
curing a rope. As the Junior Class had made no 
provision for furnishing the rope it was deemed 
expedient to appropriate the bell-rope of the 
chapel. This done, the classes assembled, although 
no Sophomores were to be seen about, and the pull- 



iDg commenced. The Freshmen worked with a 
will, tugging at hydrants, trees, upper- classmen, 
and so ou, all the while shouting for 1900. That 
class, however, failed to assemble its forces, and the 
Freshmen were last seen disappearing, in company 
with the rope, around the northern corner of Win- 
throp. Thus ended the glorious contest called a 
rope-pull, which has so degenerated that it has 
become merely a waste of labor and time, since it 
is no longer a bonaflde contest. 

Class contests are beneficial both to mind and 
body, and tend to promote independence and self- 
reliance when properly conducted, but such exhibi- 
tions of niud-slingiug, or "paint" slinging, as 
occurred on the delta the opening week, are any- 
thing but ennobling. This is 


the sooner abandoned the better. A small body 
of Freshmen as usual were linked together in the 
"pines," and the Sophs marched upon them in state. 
After separating them, the rushing and painting 
ensued, green paint having taken the place of 
crimson. With the assistance of upper-classmen 
the Freshmen won three goals to the Sophomores 
none, and thereby carried the day. 

The customary contests of the first week seem 
to have lost a great deal of their former interest, 
and but little enthusiasm was displayed. But few 
participated, the majority serving as spectators. On 
the whole they were rather tame, and it is to be 
hoped that each year will find them tamer and tamer 
until they die a natural death, for no active meas- 
ures to kill them probably ever will be taken, unless 
some class follows the example set by '98 in abolish- 
ing "Horn Concert." If these "fake contests" 
could but die and some wholesome sports be sub- 
stituted, there not only would be more interest 
taken, but the lower classes would be given a fair 
opportunity of showing their true worth and 

Sophomores, 14; Freshmen, 8. 

Saturday, the 18th, the annual Sophomore- 
Freshman base-ball game was played, and the Sophs 
won easily. Certain modifications of the rules 
of the game had to be made because of the lack of 
the catcher's paraphernalia which had been stolen. 

Bacon was the life of the Sophomore team. He 
both pitched an excellent game and led the batting. 
Willey also batted well. 

For the Freshmen, Tyler, on first base, showed 

up the best. He is a player of some experience, 
and will no doubt be a help to Bowdoin's base-ball. 
White was batted hard, but pitched good ball at 
times. The score: 


A.B. R. H. T.B. P.O. A. E. 

Willey, c, 6 2 3 4 13 

Bacon, p. 6 2 3 5 6 5 

Willard, lb., .... 5 2 2 2 6 

Colesworthy, 2b 4 1 2 

Merrill, s.s., 4 2 2 2 3 

Minard, 3b 5 2 2 2 1 1 

Robinson, l.f, .... 3 2 1 1 1 

Pearson, c.f., 5 1 1 1 

Giles, r.f., 5 2 2 2 

Totals, 43 14 16 19 27 6 7 


Fhnt, c, 5 

White, p 5 

Tyler, lb., 5 

Corliss, 2b., 4 

Cloudman, 3b., .... 4 

Palmer, s.s., 5 

Fuller, l.f 5 

Foster, r.f 4 

Snow, c.f 2 

;, c.f 1 

Totals, 40 

8 25 

Sophomores, ..2 5 030220 x— 14 
Freshmen, ...01005110 0—8 
Struck out — by Bacon 10, by White 4. Bases , on 
balls— by Bacon 2, by White 3. Hit by Bacon 3, by White 
3. Umpires— Greenlaw and Libby, '99. 


The candidates for Bowdoin's foot-ball team 
reported for practice Thursday, the 9th, and hard, 
systematic work has been carried on since. Until 
the 20th the men were coached in tackling, falling 
on the ball, etc.; then they were lined up for hard 

Warren, Harvard, '96, is the coach, and the way 
he makes things hustle on the field is something 
new to Bowdoin's athletes. The practice goes on 
under almost military discipline, and the eflects of 
such training arc early noticeable. 

The incoming class more than makes up the loss 
sustained by the graduation of '97, and the only 
thing lacking to make the foot-ball outlook bright 
is a little animation and support from the students. 
More men should come out to play on the second 
eleven, thereby urging every man to do his best, and 
to hold his position. The best foot-ball players are 
not developed in a single season, and every man 
who aspires for gridiron honors should come out 
and do his best, not only for his own benefit 
but for the sake of his college. In the line the 
most promising candidates are : Spear, Fames, 



Merrill, and Wilson, from '98 ; Stockbridge, Jen- 
nings, Veazie, Lancey, Albee, and Hadlock, from '99; 
Sylvester, Merrill, Chapman, and Willard, from 
1900; Bodwell, Gregson, Cloudman, Leighton, and 
Snow, from 1901. 

The most promising backs thns far are Monlton, 
Clark, Hadlock, Cleaves, Merrill 1900, Miuard, 
Knight, Stubbs, and Babb. 

The following is the schedule of games for the 
season, and it is gratifying to know that so many 
excellent teams are to come to Brunswick. The 
Harvard game no doubt means a defeat, but it will 
surely benefit the team in the way of experience. 

Wednesday, September 29. Open. 

Saturday, October 2. Bates at Brunswick. 

Wednesday, October 6. Harvard at Cambridge. 

Saturday, October 9. Open, 

Wednesday, October 13. Exeter at Exeter. 

Saturday, October 16. Tufts at Brunswick. 

Wednesday, October 20. Open. 

Saturday, October 23. Dartmouth at Hanover. 

Wednesday, October 27. Open. 

Saturday, October 30. M. I. T. at Brunswick. 

Wednesday, November 3. Colby at Waterville. 

Saturday, November 6. Tufts at College Hill. 

Wednesday, November 10. Open. 

Saturday, November 13. Colby at Brunswick. 

Wednesday, November 17. Open. 

Captain Spear of the foot-ball team resigned his 
captaincy last Saturday, the 25th, and Charles D. 
Monlton, '98, was elected to fill the vacancy. Ex- 
captain Spear found that his duties as captain were 
conflicting with his other work, and that he was 
unable to do them both justice. He is not to cease 
playing, however; he has simply resigned his official 
position, and will be seen in his old position and old- 
time form. Captain Moulton's choice is regarded 
as an extremely happy one, and without doubt he 
will lead the team to victory. Either Spear or 
Monlton would make excellent captains, and the 
good work of the one will be continued by the 
other. All wish Captain Moulton well. 

More or less has been heard of a fall meet, and 
the idea seems to be excellent. Captain Kendall is 
trying to stir up interest in this project, and he 
should be encouraged and assisted. The advantages 
of such a meet are self-evident to all of our track 
athletes, who should do all in their power to bring 
it about. 

Hoag of Harvard is coaching the Bates eleven 
this season. 

The total registration at the University of Cali- 
fornia this year is 1 ,600. 


The Y. M. C. A. begins its fourteenth year this 
fall, and a very healthy "fourteen-year-old" it is, 
too. In the course of its existence the religious life 
of Bowdoin has undergone a revolution. It has 
broadened from the narrow society of sect to a fra- 
ternity of sociable, vigorous men, which takes in all 
sects and some of no sect at all. That the Y. M. C. A. 
will continue to do its good work in the ensuing 
college year the very successful opening meetings 
place beyond a shadow of uncertainty. 

The first meeting of the year was held on Thurs- 
day of the first week of the term. Glidden, '99, 
led the meeting. He took for his subject the ever 
interesting discussion of " Strength in its Manifold 
Instances." Glidden's talk was the impetus for 
free and informal speaking from the society. 

Professor Houghton addressed the Sunday after- 
noon meeting, September 19th. The subject was 
one to reach the student of to-day as the world finds 
him at Bowdoiu. The theme that ran through the 
remarks was "The All-Round Man," for which the 
world is ever searching. The all-round man must 
be well balanced; he must not be so social as to 
neglect his physical, his religious, and his intellect- 
ual life. Much less should he be too intellectual, too 
physical, or too religious. He must be agreeable, he 
must be of healthy body, mind, and morals. Pro- 
fessor Houghton's talk was indeed very interesting. 

The annual Y. M. C. A. reception to the Fresh- 
man Class was held last Thursday evening in the 
society rooms as usual. There was a very good- 
sized company gathered to welcome the Freshmen 
to the religious life of the college. The receiving 
committee was composed of Marsh, '99, Holmes, 
1900, Glidden, '99, Woodbury, '99, Merrill, 1900. 
An informal reception was held for the first hour, 
then fruit was served. The refreshments finished, 
acting-President Woodbury, '99, called the meeting 
to order and pleasantly welcomed the guests, one 
and all, to the rooms of the Y. M. C. A. President 
Woodbury then called upon Professor Chapman, 
who made one of those charming practical talks of 
his that make glad the listener's heart and stimu- 
late his thoughts. Professor Chapman paid par- 
ticular attention to the fact that the Y. M. C. A, 
extended its welcoming hand to everyone in college, 
making no distinction as to physical, mental, or 
social calibre, as do the other organizations in col- 
lege. He emphasized the advantage of becoming 



connected openly and manfully with the college 
religions society at the very outset of one's college 
life. In behalf of the college, Professor Chapman 
welcomed the Freshmen to the college and especially 
to the Y. M. C. A. 

The next speaker, Professor Robinson, urged 
that the Freshmen join the Y. M. C. A., not because 
he thought he was doing the college a good turn, 
but rather because he felt that he was to obtain 
benefit for himself from his connection with the 

Professor Little spoke interestingly and practi- 
cally upon "Moral Courage" in college. He com- 
mended the man who had the courage to bolt his 
society's candidate and vote for the man whom he 
considered most fit, and the man who had the 
courage to object to cutting recitations and similar 
circumstances. Professor Little's remarks were 
distinctly to the point, and all struck home deep in 
the hearts of the listeners. 

The reception was very successful indeed. 
Much credit is due President Woodbury for his 
untiring efforts. 

'33.— President F. L. 
'Patton of Princeton Dni- 
rsity, says that it would be hard 
to name another American living 
theologian who, in conjprehensiveness of 
knowledge, breadth of vision, and ability to 
press all departments of learning into his service, 
is quite the equal of Dr. Samuel Harris of the Yale 
Divinity School. 

Med., '36.-Dr. John Allen of Saco died Sep- 
tember 4, 1897, at the age of eighty-five years. 
He was one of the oldest practicing physicians in 
that part of the state. During the civil war he 
served in the army hospitals, and has since held 
the position of pension examiner at Saco for many 
years. He leaves two daughters. 

'40.— Rev. Elijah Kellogg was present at the 
dedication of the new St. Lawrence Street Church 
at Portland recently, and his remarks were listened 
to with interest by all. 

'44.— Winthrop Tappan, son of Rev. Dr. Ben- 
jamin and Elizabeth Bowdoiu-Temple (Winthrop) 
Tappan, was born February 19, 1826, at Augusta. 
He was named for his grandfather, Hon. Thomas 
Liudall Winthrop, but during the greater part of 
his life used the surname alone as his Christian 
name. He was prepared for college at the high 
school of his native city and by his father. After 
graduating with honor he studied theology at 
Princeton Seminary, also at Bangor for a short 
time, and subsequently abroad at the universities 
at Halle and Berlin. Ill health prevented bis 
entering upon the active work of the ministry, and 
he turned aside to teaching. He conducted with 
success a private school at Auburn, N. Y., for three 
years, and one at Philadelphia for seven years. In 
1872 he went abroad with his family, and resided 
in Europe twelve years. On his return he made 
his home in Washington, D. C, until 1894, when he 
removed to Bound Brook, N. J. Here he died, 
June 12, 1897, of intestinal paralysis. Mr. Tap- 
pan's "tastes were those of a student and scholar, 
.and books and music were his greatest enjoy- 
ment. His reading covered a wide range of sub- 
jects in English, French, and German. He was 
a warden of St. Paul's Church, Bound Brook, and 
deeply interested in the missions of the Epis- 
copal church at home and abroad." As foreignaj-s 
of distinction were introduced to bis uncle, the late 
Robert C. Winthrop, as the man in public life who 
best illustrated the best traditions in American life 
In the New World, so one could rightly desire 
strangers to know the nephew as one of the many 
gentlemen in private life who contradict the charge 
so often brought of the absence of thorough culture 
on this side the Atlantic. He was particulariy 
interested in the Bowdoin College Library, and it 
is to him that we are indebted for a complete set 
of volumes of the American Journal of Ai-chffiology. 
Mr. Tappan married, August 15, ISS.'i, Pauline, 
daughter of Captain George F. Patton of Batb, 
who survives him with their children, Mrs. Mary 
W., wife of Dr. J. E. H. Nichols of New York, Miss 
Augusta Temple Winthrop of Bound Brook, N. J., 
and Mrs. Gertrude L., wife of the Rev. Arthur S. 
Phelps of Bound Brook. 

Med., '54.— Dr. John A. Richards, a widely 
known physician, died recently at his home In 
Farmington, aged 68 years. He had been in ill 
health for some time, and two days before his death 
sustained a shock of paralysis, from which he could 
not rally. Dr. Richards was the oldest and one of 



the most successful physicians of FanningtoD. He 
was born at Strong in 1829, and began tlae study of 
medicine in his native town, afterwards removing 
to Lewiston. In 1854 he graduated from Bowdoin 
College, and subsequently practiced medicine in 
Strong and Farmington. Dr. Richards married 
Miss Sophronia Hiliuan of Farmington, who, with 
a daughter and three sons, survives him. 

'61. — An exchange gives the following: " G-ov- 
eruor Powers, Tuesday forenoon, renominated 
Judge Lucilius A. Emery of Ellsworth as judge of 
the supreme court. Judge Emery's term of court 
expires October 4th, and his uoraiuation will be 
confirmed at the meeting of the council, October 

'76.— Dr. John H. Payne of Boston, formerly of 
Bath, and a graduate of Bowdoin, now a well- 
known oculist, tells the New York Tribune that 
bicycling has a tendency to induce fatigue of the 
optic nerve and the retina, and a chronic over- 
sensitiveness to light, termed photophobia, which 
also produces reflex headaches. Dr. Payne, how- 
ever, does not recommend bicyclists to give up their 
favorite sport, but only to avoid scorching or riding 
in a stooping position. If properly conducted, he 
believes bicycling is one of the healthful exer- 
cises known to mankind. 

'81. — Edgar 0. Achorn has the sympathy of 
many friends in the loss of liis wife, who died at 
Newcastle, Me., June 9, 1897. 

'82. — The betrothal of ex-Mayor Edwin Upton 
Curtis of Boston, to Miss Maude Waterman of 
Thomaston, Me., is announced. Miss Waterman is 
the daughter of a prominent ship-builder, who, 
with his family, lived in Boston from the time of 
his retirement from business at Thomaston until 
his death in the spring of 1895. 

'86.— Harry Ridgeway Fling has recently been 
made Professor of Biology at the State Normal 
School at Oshkosb, Wis. 

'90. — Mr. Frank Purrington Morse, formerly of 
Brunswick, and Miss Mary Elizabeth Mitchell, for 
the past ten years first assistant teacher in the Free- 
port High School, were united. in marriage at the 
home of the bride at Freeport, on Wednesday, 
August 25th, at 10 a.m. Mr. and Mrs. Morse, after 
receiving congratulations, took the afternoon train 
for Bar Harbor for a week's stay. Mr. Morse is 
principal of the Bradford (Mass.) High School. 

'93.— Reginald R. Goodell has accepted the 
position of instructor in modern languages at the 
University of Maine. 

'94.— Rev. Albert J. Lord of Ellsworth has 
accepted a call to be pastor of the First Congrega- 
tional Church of Hartford, Vt. 

.'96. — A. P. Ward is undergoing an operation for 
appendicitis at the Eye and Ear Infirmary, Portland. 

'96. — H. R. Blodgett was recently married at 
Washington, D. C. 

'97.— The birth of a daughter to Mr. and Mrs. 
J. H. Horne of Groveton, N. H., is announced. 
Mrs. Horne was Miss Anne Laurie Keene of 

'97. — News reached Gardiner in August of the 
death in Denver, Col, of Horace B. Rhines, son of 
Mr. George B. Rhines of Gardiner. Mr. Rhines 
went to Denver about one year ago, having been 
obliged to leave college during his Junior year, on 
account of his health, his lungs being afl'ected. He 
was about twenty-five years of age. 

The Orient gives as complete a list as possible 
of the members of '97 with their present occupations : 
Ackley, Clarke, Dole, Gilinan, Hatch, E. F. Pratt, 
and Quint, are teaching mostly at their homes; 
Andros is instructor in English and athletics at the 
Detroit School for Boys, Detroit, Mich. ; Bean is to 
study law at Boston University; Bodge is studying 
law with Scott Wilson of Portland; Brett is teach- 
ing at Auburn; Booker is at the Philadelphia 
Dentistry College, also Holmes; Coggan is at the 
Boston University Law School ; Cook is in busi- 
ness at Portland; E. C. Davis is teaching at Bil- 
lerica, Mass. ; P."W. Davis is studying medicine at 
Portland, as is also Gribben; Dunnack is pastor 
of the West End Church, Portland ; Elliott is teach- 
ing drawing at Lynn, Mass. ; Ellsworth is preaching 
at Pittston, Me. ; French is teaching at Westfleld, 
Mass., and Hagar is teaching at Jackson, Me.; 
Haines is at the Andover Theological Seminary, also 
Vining ; Hanlon is in business at home, as Lord, 
E. G. Pratt, and Pulsifer also are; Harriman is 
teaching at Bucksport Seminary; Hewitt is to 
assist at Bowdoin in Latin and Greek; Holmes is 
studying medicine; Horne is in business at home; 
Hull is teaching at Thornton Academy; Keohan 
is engaged in the jewelry business in New York ; 
Kneeland is teaching at Denmark; McCullum is 
preaching at Waldoboro ; Morse is at Bath in bus- 
iness; Randall is teaching at Bartlett, N. H., and 
Rhodes at Rockland, Me. ; Shordon and Stetson are 
to study electricity; Stearus is in the hardware 
business in the West; White is to study at Wash- 
ington, D. C. 



Vol. XXVII. 

No. 7. 




Percival p. Baxter, '98, Editor-in-Chief. 
Roy L. Marston, '99, Assistant Editor-in-Chief. 
"William H. Crafts, 1900, Business Manager. 
Thomas L. Marble, '98. Harold P. Dana, '99. 
John W. Condon, '98. Fred R. Marsh, '99. 

LuciEN P. LiBBY, '99. Hanson H. Webster, '99. 

Byron S. Philoon, '99. James P. Webber, 1900. 

Per annum, in advance, $2.00. 

Single Copies, 15 Cents. 

Extr.i copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on apphca- 
tion to the Business Manager. 

Uemittances should be made to the Business Manager. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Editor-in-Chief. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Conti-ibutions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Bowdoin Verse Department should be sent 
to Box 960, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should be sent to Box 945, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at.the Post.Offlce at Brunswick as SsGond-ClafS Mail Matter. 

Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston. 


Vol. XXVII., No. 7.— October 13, 1897. 

Editorial Notes 123 

The Deserted Farm-House 125 

Miss Eaton, Contralto 126 

Bowdoin Verse : 

Tlie Lunch Cart 127 

Song of the Dying Soldier 128 

Sunset at New Meadows River 128 

Hearts 128 

CoLLEGii Tabula 129 

Athletics 131 

Y. M. C. A 134 

Book Reviews 134 

Personal 134 

In Memoriam . . . ; 136 

It surely should not be necessary for 
the Orient to call attention to the fact 
that it is a college paper, and that its 
columns' are open to each and every under- 
graduate. To obtain variety and quality 
we should receive two or three times the 
amount of matter actually needed to fill our 
space, and this competition would vi^ork won- 
ders b}^ not only benefiting the Orient, but 
also by improving the literary style of the 
competitors. There is also an added incen- 
tive for writing, that is, two birds may be 
killed with the same stone, in this manner; 
themes are compulsory, and so many are 
required per term, as we all know. Now, 
since Orient work will be accepted as 
theme work, if it is of proper quality, a 
man may combine business with pleasure, 
for writing for the Orient should be a 
pleasure to all. 

The Orient needs contributors to main- 
tain its rank among our sister journals, and 
we must have them. There are men at 
college who can write the best of English, 
who never think of contributing to the 
college paper, and when asked for articles 
they either feebly laugh or give the lame 
excuse that they can't. Of course they 
eanH unless they try once or twice. The 



secret of the matter is they are too lazy to 
even give themselves a fair trial. The 
Orient does not beg for articles upon its 
bended knees, nor does it demand them; it 
simply states that it is a college institution, 
published and maintained for the benefit of 
the college by the students, and that its 
columns are open to any and all under-grad- 
uates v\fho may vi^ish to prosper it. 

LAST Friday the Greek-letter fraternity 
initiations took place, and about forty 
members of the Freshman Class, as well as 
a few Sophomores, were admitted into the 
several bonds of fellowship of our seven 
four-year fraternities. In a small college of 
this sort fraternity life is an important factor, 
and a factor for good when properly re- 
stricted ; but, like everything else that is of 
great benefit when properly guided, it is of 
great harm when its forces are misdirected. 
Bowdoin has suffered untold injuries in her 
past on account of fraternit}' feuds — injuries 
which years of healing cannot totally obliter- 
ate. We can truthfully say, however, that this 
unfriendliness has been upon the wane for 
several years, and that each year witnesses 
a marked improvement. This is one of the 
reasons of our prosperity, and bearing this 
in mind, if we wish still to prosper, we must 
closely guai'd against a revival or increase of 
fraternity discords. Fraternities are a bless- 
ing by themselves and within themselves, 
but they also are a terrible curse when they 
overstep their limits and permeate college 
affairs. The college should be managed by 
the college en masse and not by fraternities. 
The sooner "combines" die, the sooner shall 
the millennium for colleges reach us. 

To the Freshmen who have just entered 
upon their fraternity life, the Okient bids 
good luck; but let them remember that 
fraternity life is not the only desirable por- 
tion of a college course ; that there are 
fellows among the other fraternities and 

of no fraternities, as bright, as pleasant, as 
cultivated, as in their own fold, and fellows 
who in after life will amount to as much. 
What a glorious opportunity there is for the 
Class of 1901 to make a name for itself ! Let 
"combines" be unknown to them; let the 
best man invariably be elected; and let every 
man vote as though such a thing as a fra- 
ternity never existed, and it will prosper as a 
class never before has among these classic 
and weather-beaten walls. 

TITHE time was bound to come when Bow- 
-*■ doin was to be defeated at foot-ball by 
another Maine team; but we must confess it 
came a bit sooner than we had expected. 
Last Saturday week we experienced the 
most crushing defeat of years, and a fair 
and square defeat at that. The game was 
lost by our poor and ineffective playing, 
and won by Bates's snappy work. Bowdoin 
men were much disappointed, and naturally 
should be, but what of that? We all meet 
with disappointments and set-backs in our 
lives, but if we are made of the proper stuff 
they should only serve to give us new life 
and a new determination. Possibly that 
defeat may be the means of our salvation in 
the future; surely we were awakened rather 
rudel}' by the shock, but an awakening was 
needed. Of late we have trusted rather too 
much to our prestige, and have rested a little 
upon our oars. Now, however, we are alive 
to the situation. 

Certain sandless individuals asserted that 
it was foolishness to play Harvard, and rec- 
ommended canceling that game. That would 
have proved fatal. Fortunately our foot-ball 
management is made of sterner stuff, and 
the game was played. With what results? 
The team did its best and upheld the honor 
of the college nobly. A different spirit 
prevailed from that of the Saturday previous, 
and the results speak volumes. Against 
heavy odds we won the admiration of all, 



and each and every Bowdoin alumnus who 
saw the game was proud of his team. 

In our coming games witli Dartmouth, 
M. I. T., Tufts, University of Maine, and 
Colby, our team will play good, hard foot-ball 
that will do the college credit, whether we 
win or lose. Everything is not to be gained 
by victories, although they are very con- 
venient as well as pleasant; still it is far 
more honor to lose a hotly-contested game 
than to win where one team scores at leisure. 
Do not for a moment imagine that our season 
is to continue as begun, for surely we made 
a decided step in advance against Harvard, 
and shall so continue to do for the entire 
season. Win or lose, and we shall win, our 
colors shall fly until the end. 

TITHE report of the Finance Committee for 
-*■ the fiscal year ending May 31, 1897, 
has recently been published. A detailed 
account of the college's finances is given, 
and it is well worth while to spend an hour 
perusing this. No college can exist without 
funds, therefore it is of vital importance that 
these matters are thoroughly understood by 
all those having the welfare of the college 
at heart. A deficit of several thousand 
dollars has occurred during the past year. 
This is nothing new, for we have been run- 
ning behind a little for several years. It 
is nothing serious, however, for our pros- 
pective assets more than cover it. The 
finances of the college are in the best of 
shape, and there is every prospect of their 
so remaining, thanks to the efficient man- 
agement of our Finance Committee and 

C^INCE the last appearance of the Orient 
f^ we have received communications from 
many alumni as well as undergraduates, ask- 
ing why their Obients did not appear. The 
reason is that they were not sent; but why? 
As we have previously stated, our financial 

affairs were greatly muddled, and there were 
scores of unpaid subscriptions upon our 
lists. We determined to start a clean sheet, 
and all unpaid subscriptions of over a year's 
standing were cancelled. This meant a 
great shrinkage in our lists, but the shrink- 
age has taken place. 

As an example of this, let us cite an 
instance. The Class of '97 graduated 
between forty and fifty men, all of whom 
received the Orient while in college. To- 
day we have three '97 men upon our lists, 
onl}' these three are subscribers. Other 
classes also have fallen considerably, as well 
as alumni. This is a sad state of affairs for 
a college journal, but a radical step was 
necessary and was taken. We shall be 
delighted to renew any and all subscriptions if 
old accounts are settled, but not until then. 

The Deserted Farm-House. 

We shall see 
The nakedness and vacancy 
Of the dark, deserted house. 

— Tennyson. ~ 

TN one of my rambles the past summer I 

■*- wandered to a hill, on whose summit stood 

an old, deserted farm-house, which I had 

never before noticed. Curiosity led me to 

explore its mysteries. 

Built nearly a century ago and deserted 
many years since, the house presented a 
dismal aspect. The glass was gone from 
many of the windows, and the shingles on 
the roof were covered with moss and lichens. 
I tried the door, and as it yielded to my 
touch I entered, and found myself in a hall. 
A rat, startled at my approach, scurried 
across the floor and disappeared beneath the 

A breeze blowing through the broken 
glass caused one of the doors to open 
slightljr, revealing the brick oven and enor- 
mous fire-place, while the hooks in the ceil, 
ing showed the room to be the kitchen. 



From a shelf on the wall an ancient clock 
looked down upon this deserted room. Its 
face seemed sad, as though it missed the 
human companionship to which it had for- 
merly' been accustomed. Perhaps it was 
thinking of the merry frolics which had taken 
place in this very room, — the quiltings, the 
candy-pulls, the apple-bees, the kitchen 
dances, where all the young people of the 
neighborhood were wont to gather during 
the long winter evenings. 

Passing through the house I explored 
each room, a history in itself. In the ancient 
parlor I found an old chair, and seating 
myself, soon fell into a revery. In this 
very room a blushing maid and stalwart 
youth had plighted their troth, and here 
their mariiage was celebrated. The scene 
can easily be fancied. The happy bride and 
her future husband are standing yonder, 
while the village parson pronounces the 
solemn words which make them man and 
wife. How trustfully she looks at him ! 

The scene changes. A cradle, over which 
a leaning mother sings a low, sweet slumber 
song. What calm, serene joy shines in her 
face as she looks down on the wee form of 
her first-born. A mother's love! 

But still a second scene. The boy, grown 
to manhood, is about to leave the old home, 
seeking his fortune. His father and mother 
are with him in this room, where first he saw 
the light, giving him the last words of 
advice. The mother weeps ; the father's face 
bears a sterner expression than usual. But 
the face of the young man is full of courage 
and hope. Little does he realize the bitter- 
ness of the parting. 

Then the last scene of all. The curtains 
are drawn, and the room is draped in deepest 
black, for a still, white form lies on a couch 
in the center of the room. A terrible still- 
ness prevails. The door opens, while a 
middle-aged man enters and slowly and 
sadly approaches the couch. He kneels 

beside it, and gently removes the sheet 
which envelops the still form, then gazes 
sadly upon it. A groan bursts from his lips. 
"Ah! If I could have known. Dear mother, 
can you forgive my neglect? When I left 
home, so full of confidence — " But the 
words which the unhappy man utters fall 
on unheeding ears. This may have been 
the story which the front room would have 
told me, had it been endowed with the gift 
of speech. Who knows? And doubtless 
every room in the old house could tell 
strange stories; stories of life and death, 
happiness and sorrow. 

The sun, shining in at the western win- 
dow, disturbed my revery, and warned me 
that my footsteps must be retraced. Sadly 
I closed the door and came away. The sky 
was cloudless with not a breath of air 
stirring. A robin flew into a tree near the 
house and sung his evening song. From 
the marshes could be heard the hoarse croak- 
ing of the frogs, while all nature reflected 
the calm of the quaint old house I had just 

Miss Eaton, Contralto. 
'Q' FEW years ago-, it was the custom of 
/ ^ the boys in the writer's neighborhood, 
to spend an evening, occasionally, with an 
old Bowdoin alumnus — at least, he seemed 
old to us — who told very interesting tales of 
his former college life in his day. Most of 
those who gathered at his fireside expected 
to go to college sooner or later ; and, once 
in a while, our number would be swelled by 
some Bowdoin boy, at home for a holiday. 

The old collegian was delighted whenever 
'he had an unusually large crowd of visitors, 
and never failed to please every one with his 
stories. One stormy winter evening, it seems 
but yesterday, seated among " his boys " 
before a roaring wood fire, he laughed loud 
and long over some yarn of Prescott's, a 
college Sophomore. 



"That reminds me," said he, "of the first 
concert I went to in Brunswick. Did I ever 
tell you that story, boys? " 

It appeared that every one wanted to hear 
it, whether it had been told before or not; 
so, leaning back in his chair, our friend told 
the following incident : 

It happened, he began, during the first 
term of his. Freshman year. One day, he, 
with two friends, noticed an announcement 
of a concert to be given that evening by the 

K Quartette. Boy-like, they determined, 

upon the spot, to go, especially when one of 
them spied the words, " Aided by Miss 
Eaton, Contralto." They were just at that 
age, explained the narrator, when a notice like 
this would most certainly add to their enjoy- 
ment of the concert — at least in anticipation. 

Their seats were bought, and in the 
evening they were at the hall, a full 
fifteen minutes before the concert began. 
The first three numbers of the programme 
were excellent; so excellent, indeed, that 
the violinists were recalled again and 
again. But the fourth number — "Ah, 
forselui — Miss Eaton!" This was the one 
those three boys had longed for. At last it 
had come. What expectancy an observer 
might have seen depicted upon those three 
faces as the singer walked upon the stage ! 
The boys applauded lustily; for, as Arnold 
said, " she was a queen ! " Then they settled 
back and listened contentedly to the beautiful 
song. All too soon it was over, and the 
applause of the audience reminded the boys 
that they must encore her, and in it they 
heartily joined. 

The rest of the programme was equally 
enjoyable. Almost every number was 
encored, but the fair contralto seemed to get 
the lion's share of the applause — and the 
boys were sure she deserved it. 

After the concert they went back to their 
rooms and talked it all over. What fools 
they had been not to have had a bouquet 

for her! What a voice she had, and wasn't 
it a fine concert ! What a beauty she was ! 
Wasn't her dress elegant, too ! Finally, 
they wound up with an agreement to go 
down to the midnight train and see her off. 

The next morning at breakfast every one 
talked about the concert. Every one seemed 
to consider Miss Eaton the star. At last, 
the Senior at their club turned to one of 
the Freshmen and demanded, " What did 
you think of her, Arnold?'' 

Arnold, of course, was enthusiastic in his 
praise, but studiously avoided the glances of 
his fellow-adventurers. 

" Well," said the Senior, " I'm going down 
to the next train and see her off. She'll go 
back to Boston, won't she?" 

" Probably," stammered Arnold. But 
the three Freshmen never told the Senior 
that she had already gone, nor that they 
were the only students who had "seen her 
off." And the joke was on the Senior. 

Bowdoir^ ^ep§e. - 

The Lunch Cart. 

'Mong the fondest recollections 

Which now haunt aiy retrospections, 

And which push aside the veil of time my memory 

to greet, 
There is one which I shall cherish 
Though all others sink and perish, 
Of the gayly- painted lunch cart at the corner of 

the street. 

Far superior to grog shop 

Was this famous red-hot-dog-shop. 

Tow'rd its bounty oft at midnight I'd direct my 

weary feet ; 
Oft I squandered my last nickel 
Just to feel my palate tickle 
With a fraukfurt in the lunch cart at the corner of 

the street. 

Here were fraukfurts rolled in mustard. 
Pies of apple, mince, and custard, 
Cake and coffee, luscious sandwich fit for any king 
to eat; 



New acquairttances I met with, 
Old friends I bad many a chat with 
In the hospitable lunch cart at the corner of the 

And if I am of the number 

Who will take their final slumber 

In the city built of treasure and with precious 

stones replete, 
It will be a source of pleasure, 
'Twill delight me beyond measure. 
If I can but see that lunch cart standing on the 

golden street. 

Song of the Dying Soldier. 

Past, fast, by the shores of the wild, restless sea, 
Beneath the grim crags of the winter-capped mount. 
Close to the swift flow of Glen Cragie's dear fount, 
There lives a sweet maiden who's waiting for me. 
Years, years, have flown swift since we parted that 

Beneath the wild crags on the edge of the bay; 
She cried and she sobbed that I should be torn 
From the arms of my loved one, and o'er the waves 


I kissed and would cheer her, 
"I soon would be near her," 
She smiled, ah ! so sadly ! and looked so forlorn ! 
'Twas the last one in life, that kiss I then gave. 
For, a death-wounded soldier, I go to my grave; 
And she, faithful lassie, is waiting for me 
In her home 'neath the mountains that look on 
the sea. 

At night, as I lie on my palet of straw, 

My thoughts wander back to my dear native land. 

And fly o'er the ocean to Glen Cragie's land. 

To that house that is built on the edge of the shore, 

Where she, as she knits by the embers at night. 

Fond dreams of love's visions that death soon will 

While waves whisper songs of our love from the sea. 
She knows not that death soon will part her from me. 

May Christ e'er be near her, 
And hope ever cheer her,' 
Though her life-work is hard, most constant to be. 
God grant that we meet in heaven again ; 
By death and the grave we're parted till then. 
And she, faithful lassie, is waiting for me 
In her home 'neath the mountains that look on 
the sea ! 

Sunset at New iVIeadows River. 

Half adown the western road 
Goes the day-star glowing, 
While beneath low-bending sky 
Blue New Meadows' flowing. 

To the northward hills arise, 
O'er them clouds are turning 
Now from white to crimson hue, 
Now in gold are burning. 

On the marsh till close of day 
Not a moment shirking. 
Piling up the stacks immense, 
Farmer's thrift are working. 

Then comes floating, soft and clear, 
Sound and landscape blended. 
Far away, the curfew bell, 
Telling day is ended. 


Old hearts, as young hearts, can love one another; 
Old hearts, as young Jiearts, can ever be true; 
Eyes become dim, but old age confesses. 
Hearts are restored every day fresh and new. 

Time, the destroyer, may take as his tribute 
Bloom of our youth and strength of our prime; 
Love never faileth, the heart is its fountain; 
Hearts are secure from the ravage of time. 

Life is a struggle, a contest and striving, 
Always and ever for life"'s greatest prize; 
Look to your heart, for there is implanted 
Love ever golden, and love never dies. 

Robert Gailey, the Princeton foot-ball center, is 
to enter the missionary field in China. 

The Freshman Class at the University of Maine 
this year contains 93 members. 

The students at the University of California 
have interested their Faculty in a proposition to set 
aside an hour or two during the week for the con- 
sideration of questions which may from time to time 
arise that are of interest to the entire student body. 

Lieutenant Cloman, commandant of the cadets 
of the University of California, is reorganizing the 
military department of the university so as to make 
it more efficient and popular. Several new features 
are being introduced, among which are a student 
fire department and a military bicycle corps. 




Professor Lee and a party 
of fifteen enthusiastic geologists 
of the Senior Class visited the White 
Mountains a weelj ago. The party 
left Brunswick on the morning train 
and reached Fabyan's at noon. After 
dinner a tramp of five miles was indulged in, 
to Crawford's. Mount Willard was the chief goal 
of the expedition, and the ascent was made. After 
the party had been photographed, for cameras were 
in abundance, they returned and caught the even- 
ing train for Portland. There was a tired band of 
scientists which alighted from the midnight, a tired 
but wiser crowd. Many specimens were brought 

Watch out for the Quill!!!!! 

Union Street will not be closed. 

" The Bates bell rings once more." 

Wheeler, '98, has returned to college. 

Wignott, '99, is out teaching this term. 

Swett, '92, was recently on the campus. 

What has become of the class foot-ball elevens? 

Professor Files has been ill at home for a few 

Tennis still lives while this beautiful weather 

Briggs, '99, spent Sunday at Gardiner, with a 

Now for bon-fires ! The trees are preparing for 

Moulton, '98, was elected juryman by his class, 

W. B. Perry of Brown, attended the Zeta Psi 

Simpson, '94, was among the mourners at the 
Bates game. 

Lavertu, '99, visited northern New Hampshire a 
part of last week. 

Blake and Odiorne, '98, have moved into num- 
ber 3, Maine Hall. 

Kendall, '98, had an ankle sprained quite badly 
in the Bates game. 

Pierce, '98, has been coaching the eleven of the 
Portland High School. 

Professor Chapman, at Sunday chapel, spoke of 
Neal Dow and his work. 

Philbrook and Dascombe, of Colby, joined with 
A K E at their initiations. 

The Saturday Club is preparing an elaborate 
schedule of entertainments. 

Graham, '98, preached at the Free Baptist 
Church, Brunswick, a week ago. 

The genial, "Mike" is often seen about the 
campus, and he always is welcome. 

H. 0. Clough, assistant in Mathematics, is organ- 
ist at the Methodist Church, Brunswick. 

October 20th, one of the foot-ball opeu dates, 
has been filled with New Hampshire College. 

Merritt, '94, who is sub-principal of Edward 
Little High School, attended the Bates game. 

At a recent meeting, the Class of 1900 elected 
Burnell as its member on the Athletic Committee. 

The second themes of the term will be due 
Tuesday, October 19th. The subjects are as follows: 

1. Should the Medical School Be Moved to Portland ? 

2. A Criticism of the Article by Grant Allen in the Cos- 

mopolitan for October, on " Modern College Educa- 

3. Lamb's " Essays of Elia." 


1. Do We Need a College Dining- Hall ? 

2. A Talk to the Students of My Fitting School on " How- 

to Choose a College." 

3. Scott's " Kenilworth." 

A number of the students went to Portland to 
see Jefferson in "Rip Van Winkle," last Thursday 

Owing to the illness of Professor Files, the 
various German divisions have been having a series 
of adjourns. 

The Freshmen are undergoing their annual 
physical examinations, and the class appears to be 
of a fair average. 

Many of the Boston alumni attended the Har- 
vard-Bowdoin game last Wednesday, and they were 
greatly pleased at the result. 

The Bowdoin and Colby Chapters of Delta 
TJpsilon are to hold a joint banquet at Hotel North, 
Augusta, on the evening of Friday next. 

No cider this fall ! The apple crop has been so 
poor. This means a great deal to the students, for 
the cider trade oftentimes was very brisk. 



The attendance at chapel was rather light the 
morning after initiation, the exercises of the pre- 
ceding evening not being conducive to very early 

The Seniors and Juniors have been most fort- 
unate with regard to adjourns this week, Professors 
Chapman, MacDonald, and Emery, having been 
absent for several days. 

The College Boolistore, which has been kept by 
Pettengill and Martin in North Maine, has been 
closed out. The room where the store was will be 
occupied by Farwell, 1900. 

The Freshmen have wisely adopted the rule that 
no one shall wear the class letters nnless he shall 
have earned them by having represented the class 
in some bona fide athletic contest. 

On initiation night the whole campus seemed 
wrapt in mystery and in silence. The bell on the 
Science Building, which of late years has marked off 
the long hours on this eventful night, was silent, 
and everything went on in quietness. 

The Freshman Class held a meeting last week 
and elected the following officers for the coming 
year: Gregson, President; A. F. Cowan, Vice-Presi- 
ident; Fuller, Secretary; Warren, Juryman ; Snow, 
Captain foot-ball team ; Berry, Manager. 

The Lewiston Journal of last Saturday contained 
an article entitled " The Modern War on the Mi- 
crobe," by Professor Robinson. Prof. Robinson tells 
of the quarantine regulations at New York, and 
speaks of the great changes that have occurred dur- 
ing the past few years. 

The great attraction in town this week is the 
Topsham Fair. It is said that Triangle will trot on 
at least one of the Fair days. Although he is get- 
ting a little along in years, Triangle has some good 
material in him yet, and the fellows always will 
watch his career with interest. 

The course in drawing has been made elective 
to all the students of the college. This course is a 
helpful one to all in college, but most especially to 
those who are taking or expect to take Biology. 
It is to be hoped that a large class will be formed, 
for the opportunity is a rare one. 

In the Obituary Record for the past year of the 
graduates of the college, two descendants of Gov- 
ernor James Bowdoin are mentioned. James Bow- 
doin, after whom the college was named, had three 
of his descendants graduate here; of these, two, 
Benjamin Tappan, '33, and Winthrop Tappan, '44, 
have both died during the last year. 

Friday evening, October 8th, was initiation night 
on the campus. In all, from a class of 63 members, 
42 men were initiated. Following is a list of the 
initiates and their fraternities: 

A A <!>.— Robert S. Edwards, 1900, Portland; 
Edwin M. Fuller, Jr., Bath; John Gregson, Jr., 
Worcester, Mass. ; Arthur L. Griffiths, Maiden, 
Mass.; Harris J. Milllken, Bangor; John H. White, 
Lewiston; all from 1901. 

* T.— Harry T. Burbank, 1900, Exeter, N. H. ; 
Harold L. Berry, Portland; Roland E. Clark, 
Houlton; Edward K. Leighton, Thomaston; Percy 
S. Percival, Waterville; John A. Pierce, Portland; 
Freeman M. Short, Portland; all from 1901. 

A K E.— George C. Minard, 1900, Lewiston; 
Royal H. Bodwell, Brunswick; Roland E. Bragg, 
Bangor ; Ripley L. Dana, Portland ; Robert C. 
Foster, Bethel; Austin P. Larrabee, Gardiner; 
Artelle E. Palmer, South Brewer; Kenneth C. M. 
Sills, Portland; Donald F. Snow, Bangor; Herbert 
L. Swett; all from 1901. 

Z Y. — Frank A. Dillaway, Lewiston ; Thomas 
C.Randall, Freeport; Lester D.Tyler, Freeport; 
Harold P. Vose, Machias; all from 1901. 

e A X. — John A. Corliss, Bridgton ; Clarence B. 
Flint, Cornish; Almon F. Hill, Portland ; Frederick 
L. Hill, Brockton, Mass.; Ernest T. Smith ; all from 

A Y.— George L. Lewis, South Berwick; Arthur 

F. Cowan, Biddeford ; Fred H. Cowan, Farmington ; 
Philip S. Hill, Saoo; Alfred L. Laferriere, Norway; 
Walter L. Sanborn, Norway ; George C. Wheeler, 
Farmington; all from 1901. 

K i;. — Thomas W. Bowler, Hopkinton, Mass. ; 
H. H. Cloudman, South Windham ; Scott M. Clark, 
Brunswick ; Elliot W. Loring, Yarmouth ; Gardner 
M. Parker, Jr., Gorham; Arthur L. Small, Yar- 
mouthville; all from 1901. 

The following were among the alumni who 
attended the initiations of their several fraternities : 

A A *.— Prof. F. C. Robinson, '73; Prof. H. L. 
Chapman, '66; Edward Stanwood, '6J ; F. V. Gum- 
mer, '92 ; G. C. Purington, '73. 

^ T.— Albion Burbank, '62; C. T. Hawes, '76; 
Barrett Potter, '78; Prof. George T. Files, '89; 

G. M. Barney, Union College, '91 ; Dr. Charles P. 
Lincoln, '91 ; Prof. H. C. Emery, '92; R. W. Mann, 
'92; Walter Williams, '96; John B. Thompson, '96 ; 
F. B. Smith, '96; E. G. Pratt, '97; Alfred P. Cook, 
'97; P. W. Davis, '97. 

K 2.— J. W. Hewett, '97; H. 0. Gribben, '97; 
R. W. Smith, '97. 



A K E.— Dr. p. N. Whittier, '87; F. W. Dana, 
'94; R. P. Plaisted, '94; E. H. Baxter, '94 ; J. C. 
Minot, '96; Rev. Medville McLaughlin, Colby. 

Z i'.— Edgar 0. Achorn, '81. 

A T.— H. 0. Clougb, '96; J. E. Stetson, '97. 

The following clipping is taken from the Neiv 
York Commercial Advertiser of September 18th: 
"Dr. William DeWitt Hyde, President of Bowdoin 
College and author of a work entitled, ' Outlines of 
Social Theology,' is said to have another volume 
entitled, 'Practical Idealism,' in the hands of his 
publishers, the Macmillan Co. The new book pre- 
sents in a systematic form recent practical develop- 
ments in psychology, logic, pedagogy, ethics, and 
philology. Part I. treats of man's mental construc- 
tion and ofthe natural world in which he lives. 
Part II. deals with the spiritual world, and opens 
with a discussion of the topic of personality. 
Other topics named are the family and the marriage 
tie, the social significance ofthe new education, the 
social function of industry, with remarks on socialism, 
the moral idea in the social world, etc. These are 
a few of the subjects of later pages, while the con- 
cluding chapter sets forth religion as the ' unifica- 
tion of life through the acceptance of the will of 
God and participation in the spirit of Christ, which 
is the spirit of love.' It also discusses modern 
problems and finally attacks that of evil in its three- 
fold form, of evil in nature, badness in others, and 
sin in ourselves, concluding with an appeal for the 
union of philosophic insight to see the world as a 
whole, and the religious spirit to serve God as the 
great need of the world to-day." 


Bates, 10; Bowdoin, 6. 

The first game of the season was with Bates, 
and for the first time in the history of foot-ball, the 
Bowdoin eleven was defeated by a Maine team. 
The Bates team was in fine condition and played 
an excellent game throughout. They have been 
coached this season by Hoag, Bowdoin's coach of 
last year. 

The game throughout was clean and fast foot- 
ball, but all of Bowdoin's team seemed a trifle slow. 
Then, too, she was more or less handicapped by 
the presence of five new men in the line, but they 
showed that they only lack practice to make them 

as good as any men of their weight. No one was 
seriously injured, although Jennings was replaced 
by Wiggin during the second half and Kendall 
received a disagreeable sprain. 

The game was called at 3.10, with perfect 
weather and a large and interested crowd. Bow- 
doin won the toss and Bates had the kick-off. The 
officials of the game were Mitchell for Bowdoin 
and Burrill for Bates, referees and umpires; and 
Prof. Bolster of Bates and Dr. Whittier of Bowdoin 
were the linesmen. 

Bates kicked the ball well into Bowdoin's 
territory. Ives caught and' advanced the ball five 
yards. Bowdoin had two downs without gaining, 
and Stanwood punted. Halliday caught and 
advanced the ball two yards. 

Bates now held possession of the ball, and on a 
pass from half to right tackle. Call went through 
the whole Bowdoin team for a gain of 45 yards and 
a touchdown. Call was compelled to cross the 
goal very near the side line. This made a very 
difficult goal to kick, and Halliday missed. 

Bowdoin then kicked to Bates's five-yard line. 
Halliday caught the ball and punted 20 yards. 
Ives caught it, only to be downed in his tracks and 
dragged back a couple of yards by Bruce. 

The ball was now on Bates's 25-yard line. Bow- 
doin gained two yards, then Kendall made five 
yards around left end. Bowdoin fumbled and lost 
five yards. Bates got the ball on downs. Russell 
then bucked the line for two yards. Pulsifer went 
through Bowdoin's right tackle for two yards. 
Halliday was then sent through the Bowdoin ranks for 
two yai'ds more. 

Bates was gaining steadily. Pulsifer went around 
Hadlock's end for 10 yards. Purinton bucked Bow- 
doin's center for two yards. Halliday punted and 
Stanwood fumbled. Bruce rushed down the line 
and fell on the ball. Russell went through Bow- 
doin's right tackle for seven yards, and Bates forged 
ahead three yards. Bates then lost the ball in a 
scrimmage and Stanwood fell on it. Bowdoin 
gained five yards through Bates's line. Bruce then 
broke through and tackled hard, so that Bowdoin 
made no gain. Bowdoin tried a trick play and 
fumbled. Putnam fell on the ball. 

Captain Pulsifer then went around Bowdoin's 
right end for 15 yards, eluding Kendall and three 
or four more men. Stanwood tackled him. The 
next down Bates gained no ground. Bruce then 
went through Stockbridge and gained six yards. 
Saunders ran through Bodwell for four yards. 
Purinton made a fast sprint around Gregson, dodg- 



ing prettily, and gained fifteen yards. Bowdoin 
then lost ground steadily, although they fought for 
every inch. Captain Pulsifer then followed his 
blockers around left end for 60 yards and a touch- 
down. Halliday kicked the goal. 

Stanwood kicked ofif for Bowdoin to Bates's 
10-yard line. Halliday advanced the ball 15 yards. 
Bates bucked the line for three yards, and the 
whistle blew. End of first half. Score: Bates, 10; 
Bowdoin, 0. 

Stanwood kicked the ball to Bates's five-yard 
Hue. Halliday caught it and sprinted 10 yards 
before being downed. Bates then sent Russell past 
Gregson for three yards; then five yards more in 
quick succession. Purintou went through Jennings 
for a four-yard gain. Halliday played near right 
end for Putnam to go into the Bowdoin left tackle, 
which he did, gaining three yards. Bates then sent 
her backs in the form of a wedge through Bowdoin's 
left guard for a gain of five yards. 

Bowdoin was off side and Bates was given 10 
yards. Purinton went around the left end for a 
five-yard gain. Russell went around Bowdoin's 
right end and gained five yards. Then Bruce 
carried the ball for five yards more. Russell ran 
around Bowdoin's left end for a gain of 15 yards. 
Call went through Stockbridge, gaining three yards. 
Pulsifer gained five yards around Bowdoin's right 
end. Sprague went through Jennings for two 
yards. Purinton was hurt and time was taken out. 

Bowdoin got the ball on downs and sent a wedge 
into Sprague for two yards. Kendall went around 
Putnam for 20 yards and Stanwood around Rich- 
ardson for 10 yards. Both men were tackled hard 
by Halliday. Bowdoin sent Stockbridge down the 
field for 20 yards and a touchdown. Stanwood 
kicked a pretty goal. Score: Bates, 10; Bowdoin, 6. 

It was seven minutes of four o'clock, with seven 
and a half minutes to play. Halliday kicked to 
Bowdoin's 10-yard line. Stanwood gained 15 yards 
and was tackled by Richardson. Bowdoin now 
made no gain, but was given 15 yards on account 
of Bates's off-side play. Bates hammered Bowdoin 
back three yards. Jennings was hurt and time 
taken out. Stanwood punted fifteen yards, Halli- 
day gaining 15 yards in return. Bates gained three 
yards and Pulsifer went through Bowdoin's center 
and gained 12 yards. 

Bates sent a wedge through Bowdoin's right 
tackle for three yards, but Bowdoin was doing her 
best and tackling hard. Bowdoin gained the ball 
on downs. Kendall carried the ball into Bates's 
territory 10 yards and was tackled hard by Saunders. 

Bowdoin then lost two yards. She then gained 

no ground, and the whistle blew just as Stanwood 
punted to Bates's five-yard line. 

The line-up: 

Bates. Bowdoin. 

Richardson. Left End. Hadlock. 

Sprague. Left Tackle. Stockbridge. 

Saunders. Left Guard. Cloudman. 

Hoag. Center. Spear. 

Bruce. Right Guard. Bodwell. 

Call. Right Tackle. j J?n? 

Putnam. Right End. Gregson. 

Purinton. Quarterback. Moulton. 

Pulsifer. Left Halfback. Kendall. 

Russell. Right Halfback. Stanwood. 

Halliday. Fullback. Ives. 

Score— Bates 10, Bowdoin 6. Touchdowns — Call, Pul- 
sifer, Stockbridge. Goals from touclidowns— Halliday, 
Stanwood. Umpire— Mitchell, Bowdoin, '95. Referee — 
Burrill, Bates, '97. Time— 20-minute halves. 

Harvard, 24; Bowdoin, 0. 

Bowdoin played Harvard upon Soldiers' field, 
Cambridge, Wednesday, October 6th, and the team 
showed marked improvement over the Bates game. 
Every man was in the game in earnest, and, as a 
result, Harvard scored but twenty-four points, a 
score much smaller than many expected. 

On the kick-off, Dibblee fumbled the ball and 
was downed on his 15-yard line. After a five-yard 
gain, Haughton punted to Bowdoin's 20-yard line. 
Clarke went through Harvard's center for 10 
yards, but a quarter-back fumble and failure to 
gain forced another punt. Dibblee caught the ball, 
and with good blocking by Haughton, gained 20 

Good ground gaining followed, but the ball was 
lost on fumbles at Bowdoin's 25-yard line, and 
regained from Bowdoin on the same fault. The 
ball was passed to Dibblee, and he spun off around 
the right end and out at the corner for 25 yards. 
Haughton kicked the goal. Score, 6-0. 

Maguire muffed the kick-off, but recovered the 
ball in time to return it with a left-footed kick to 
Stanwood, who also missed it, and was downed by 
Bouve 20 yards from the goal. Bowdoin was again 
forced to kick, Haughton getting the ball on his 
45-yard line, and rushing it round right end for 
some 15 yards. Maguire performed some excellent 
bowling over in interference. 

Short rushes by Brown and Bouve carried the 
ball quickly to the two-yard line, only to be forfeited 
to Bowdoin on off-side play. Minard got back for 
a fake kick, but was downed in his tracks, making 
a touch-back. Score, 8-0. 

Harvard again gained steadily down the field, 
and at the 30-yard line the ball went back to 
Haughton for a try for goal from the field. He failed, 



aDd the ball was brought out to the 25-yard line 
again. An exchange of punts followed, Bowdoin's 
being partly blocked. Dibblee got the ball 10 yards 
from the goal. He went round right end for seven 
and Haughton went over. The latter failed at 
goal. Score, 12-0. 

In the second half Bowdoin started in at a 
scoring pace. Stanwood caught Haughton's kick- 
off and ran 80 yards. Ives followed through center 
for seven more, and Minard doubled the distance. 
Bowdoin pushed the Harvard center back to the 
40-yard line before it could hold, and at length had 
to give up the ball on downs. Dibblee at once 
circled rouud right end for 25 yards, Brown round 
left end for 20 more, and Haughton then went 
across. He fumbled the ball before it went down, 
and Gregson carried it to the 35-yard line. Har- 
vard recovered it on downs, and Dibblee, Haughton, 
and Moulton regained the lost territory, Haughton 
finally going over the chalk. Brown kicked the 
goal. Score, 18-0. 

Parker then took Dibblee's place behind the 
line, and began with a 15-yard run after the kick- 
off. Cabot added 15 yards more, and Brown and 
Parker added several strips of five yards each. 
Bouve at last went through, and Brown kicked the 
goal. Score, 24-0. 

Both teams were guilty of continued fumbling. 
One of these fumbles cost Harvard a touchdown 
and gave Bowdoin 40 yards back into the field 
again. Harvard had worked the ball up to within 
three yards of the goal, and Haughton was sent across. 
In the mix-up, and before the ball was down, it was 
squeezed out of Haughton's arms and rolled out into 
the field. Gregson captured it and sprinted 40 yards 
toward his goal befor'e Maguire caught him. 

Of the Bowdoin team, Gould, left end, Greg- 
son, right end, and Spear, center, did the best line 
work. Of the backs, Stanwood did the best, but 
all three did excellent work, especially in tackling. 
Harvard scored two touchdowns, and one safely in 
the first half, and two touchdowns in the second. 
Three out of four goals were kicked. Tbe line-up 
was as follows : 
Dibblee. I 
Parker, i 



Left End. 


Left Tackle. 


Left Guard. 




flight Guard. 


Eight Tackle. 


Right End. 




Left Halfback. 


Eight Halfback. 



1 Clark. 
1 Minard. 

Score— 24-0. Touchdowns — Dibblee, Haughton, Brown, 
Bouve. Goals from touchdowns — Haughton, Brown 2. 
Touohback — Minard. Umpire — W. Mackie, '94. Referee — 
J. G. Kuowlton. Linesmen — F. Richardson and Ordway. 
Attendance — 2,000. Time — 15-minate halves. 

Bowdoin, 1900, 20; Bath High School, 0. 

A week ago Wednesday the Sophomores played 
their opening game of the season with the Bath 
High School team. The team was much weakened 
by the absence of Captain Chapman, who was 
called to his home in Portland, and was lack- 
ing in any decent sort of interference. The 
gains were made in a very trust-to-luck manner. 
The men in the line were very content to devote 
their attentions to the men playing opposite them, 
whatever the play. 

Sparks played fairly well at quarter, but lacked 
speed and wit to accept opportunities. The backs 
played well, especially Merrill, who developed con- 
siderable speed at times. Babb made some fine 
tackles, which in two instances prevented Bath 
from scoring by a hair's-breadth. Hamm, at tackle, 
played a star game; in fact he played the best 
gkme of the team without any question. He easily 
played in 'varsity form, Wednesday. He made tre- 
mendous gains every time that he was tried. The 
Bath boys could not stop him at all. He kicked 
two very difficult goals. 

The Bath team was large for a preparatory 
school team, but they lacked experience. Their 
captain, halfback Donnell, was a very sharp player, 
with a fine head for the game. He kept his men in 
splendid control. There were some on his team 
who were inclined to be unruly at times, and bad 
humor seemed to be an unfortunate ingredient in 
the make-up of one of the Bath guards. He was 
continually finding things which disagreed with his 
turn of mind. But, on the whole, the Bath team 
made a very good showing, and the 1900 team 
showed that they must work very hard if they 
expect to hold the Freshmen down to a reasonable 
score. The Sophomores won by a score of 20 to 0. 

Babb, Merrill, and Hamm made the touchdowns 
for 1900. The halves were 20 and 15 minutes. 
The ofBcials were Studley, '98, and Gould, 1900. 

The teams liued up as follows : 
Bowdoin, 1900. B. H. S. 


Gardiner. I 

Giles. I 









Left End. 

Left Tackle. 

Right Guard. 
Right Tackle. 

Right End. 


Left Halfback. 

Eight Halfback. 










The Bowdoiii society of the Young Men's Chris- 
tian Associatiou has taken unto itself new life and 
vigor since the return of its president, Mr. Ernest 
Laycock, '98, who has been absent these first few 
weeks. President Laycock is a fine presiding officer 
and moving spirit to the society. His encouraging 
talks at the opening of the meetings are always 
full of life and enthusiasm for the noble work for 
which the T. M. C. A. aims. 

Prof. Frank E. Woodruff addressed the meeting 
the Sunday after the Y. M. C. A. reception to 
the Freshman Class. Prof. Woodruff's little talks 
are always very interesting and helpful towards the 
common end. 

Graham, '98, led the meeting on October 2d in 
a very original way. Mr. Graham is fortunate in 
possessing a pleasant and easy method of putting 
out his ideas that is altogether agreeable. 

Robinson, 1900, led Thursday night's meeting. 
Robinson is an enthusiastic worker. 

The address to the society, last Sunday, was 
made by Prof. Robinson. Prof. Robinson's dry 
humor cannot help breaking out in whatever he 
happens to be doing. His address was strictly 
informal and very interesting. 

Book I^euiew§. 

Messrs. D. C. Heath & Co., the Boston publishers, 
are issuing a new series of the standard works of 
English literature, entitled " Heath's English Clas- 
sics." These small volumes resemble in many respects 
the editions of "English Classics" published by 
Harper & Brothers, with which we are so familiar. 
There is one prime difference, however, and that is. 
Harper's ■' Classics" are edited by one man. Prof. 
William J. Rolfe, and Heath's by about as many 
editors as there are volumes. Whereas, the Harper's 
confine themselves rather strictly to Shakespeare, 
this new series comprises all branches of English 
literature. In appearance, as well as literary merit, 
this new series is fully the equal of its predecessor, 
and it is safe to predict for it a popularity equal to, 
if not greater than that of the Harper series. 

Nothing which could aid the careful student of 
literature is omitted; the books abound in notes, 
glossaries, outlines, criticisms, and biographical 
references, all compiled and edited by thorough i 

students. The volumes of Shakespeare, the so-called 
"Arden Shakespeare," are of uniform style with 
the others, but are distinguished by a different 
color, thus dividing the series into two classes — 
Shakesperian and otherwise. 

The Orient has received several of the series, 
among them Shakespeare's " Tempest," edited by 
Frederick S. Boas, M.A., of Oxford University; 
De Quincey's "Fhght of a Tartar Tribe," edited by 
George A. Wanchope, M.A., Ph.D., of the Univer- 
sity of Iowa; Coleridge's "Ancient Mariner," edited 
by Andrew J. George, M.A., of the Newton High 
School; and a volume of Tennyson, containing 
"Enoch Arden," " Locksley Hall," and "Lockslcy 
Hall Sixty Years After," edited by Calvin S. Brown. 

This series will be widely used by schools and 
colleges, as both its excellence and reasonable price 
will create a large demand for it. Other volumes 
than those mentioned above are constantly appear- 
ing, for it is the object of the publishers to issue a 
comprehensive series that will become the standard 
of future years. 

'29 —Alexander Rogers Green died 
at Jackson, Miss., August 24th, at the 
advanced age of eighty-eight years. His 
native town was Topsham, Maine, where 
he lived until 1832. His father was Nathaniel 
Green, who was a member of the convention that 
framed the State Constitution. Mr. Green prepared 
for college at Monmouth and Gorham academies, 
and after graduating from Bowdoin, studied law 
with Charles Packard, Esq., of the Class of '17, at 
Brunswick. In 1832 he emigrated to Mississippi, 
where be was soon admitted to the bar. He then 
opened an office and practiced law at Holmesville 
for a few years. Later he turned his attention to 
cotton planting, and afterward became principal 
of the Jackson Female Institution. In 184(1 he was 
a member of the Mississippi legislature. Mr. Green 
was a married man, and had five daughters. 

'38.— On September 26th, Judge Maurice C. 
Blake, ex-Mayor of San Francisco, died at his home 



in that city. Judge Blalie, who was called " Old 
Honesty," was born in Otisfleld, Maine, October 20, 
1815. He graduated from Bowdoin in the Class of 
1838, among his classmates being Edward Henry 
Daveis of Portland, Isaac Newton Felch, Professor 
Daniel Lane of Iowa College, Professor G. S. Palmer 
of Harvard University, Horace Piper of Washing- 
ton, Rev. Enoch Pond, Professor Stephen M. Vail, 
and Robert Wyman, a missionary to Ceylon. Judge 
Blake practiced law at Harrison, later at Camden, 
and was collector of the port of Belfast and a mem- 
ber of the state legislature. In 1853, joining the 
tide of emigration, he braved the perils of a trip 
around the Horn, and arrived in San Francisco, 
where he again took up the practice of law. Soon 
after he was elected a justice of the peace, which 
office was followed by a probate judgeship, and 
later a position on the bench of the municipal 
criminal court. In all positions of trust he com- 
manded the commendation and respect of the people 
by unswerving integrity, and for this virtue was 
kept on the bench for a period of sixteen years. In 
1881 he was elected mayor of San Francisco, and at 
the close of this ofQcial career was among the most 
prominently mentioned for gubernatorial honors. 
He withdrew from this race, however, despite the 
protests of his friends, who were confident that suc- 
cess would attend his efforts for the high position 
of state, and resumed his law pj-actice. He formed 
a partuership with his nephew, Maurice Blake, 
which was maintained until the death of the latter 
in 1885, and then allied himself with George N. 
Williams and Edward C. Harrison. Judge Blake 
was a staunch Republican, and attended the national 
convention in 1884. The San Francisco Chronicle 
gives the following account of his sickness and 
funeral : 

Death removed one of the most distinguished of 
California's pioneers on Sunday night, Maurice C. 
Blake, es-Judge and ex-Mayor, passing away after a 
brief illness. Judge Blake, a week ago last Sunday, 
suffered a slight stroke of paralysis, which, although 
of a trivial nature, combined with the eighty-two 
years he bore, proved fatal and closed a career 
which is well remembered by all of the early resi- 
dents of this city. Death came at a time it 
was expected. The attending physician had an- 
nounced that the venerable jurist was near his end, 
and the news had been hardly received by the 
friends of the stricken man when he passed away. 
Only one blood relative survives Judge Blake, a 
sister residing in the East. He was a single man, 
and lived at the residence of the widow of a nephew, 
Maurice Blake. The funeral services over the re- 
mains of the dead man were held at 808 Hyde Street, 
at 10.30 o'clock, the Rev. George C. Adams oflSciat- 

ing, assisted by the Rev. Horatio Stebbins, formerly 
of Portland. The interment took place at the 
Mount Tamalpais Cemetery, at San Rafael, the 
funeral train leaving the city on the 11.30 boat. 

Med., '.56.— Dr. John Frank Pratt died at his 
home in Chelsea, Mass., on September 5, 1897, after 
an illness of three years. Dr. Pratt was born at 
Greene, Me., August 3, 1830. He was early a stu- 
dent at Monmouth Academy, and fitted for college 
under a private tutor at Hartland. In 1856 he 
graduated from Bowdoin College, immediately 
beginning the practice of his profession at Now 
Sharon. In 1857 he married Annie W. Currier of 
New Sharon. He enlisted as surgeon at the out- 
break of the war, and was connected with the Army 
of the Potomac in many positions of trust until 
the close of the war. The following year he was 
in charge of hospitals connected with the Preed- 
man's Bureau. In 1866 he returned to his practice 
at New Sharon, removing in 1873 to Chelsea. Until 
his health failed Dr. Pratt had a wide practice. 
His first attack of paralysis came three years ago. 
Since last January he has been confined to his house, 
and since May, to his room. The shock which 
resulted fatally was received three years ago. 
Dr. Pratt was a close student of history, and a 
voluminous and valued contributor, as well as a 
skilled illustrator, to the local histories of his_^ 
native state. Many of his books are profusely 
illustrated by himself He was well known in liter- 
ary and scientific circles, and had done special 
work for the state. His collection of rare volumes 
and prints was remarkably complete. Among the 
many societies by whom Dr. Pratt will be missed 
as a member, are the Bostonian Society, Massachu- 
setts Chapter of Sons of American Revolution, the 
Maine Historical Society, and the Maine Genealog- 
ical Society. 

'60. — Rev. Dr. C. F. Penney has tendered his 
resignation as pastor of the Court Street Baptist 
Church in Auburn, to take effect the last of Octo- 
ber. Rev. Dr. Penney began his labors as a Free 
Baptist minister at Augusta, in 1862, where he 
remained pastor of the Free Baptist Church twenty- 
four years, one of the longest pastorates in Maine, 
and probably the longest in the Free Baptist 
denomination. His resignation there was forced by 
reason of ill health. The church gave him leave 
of absence for one year, declining to accept the 
resignation in the hope that with a year's rest he 
would be able again to take up the pastorate, but 
at the end of the year he was unable to resume the 
pastoral relations. He preached for two years at 



Vinalhaveu, after wbich be weut to California, 
remaining there tbree years. Upoo his return to 
Maine be occupied Rev. Tbomas H. Stacy's pulpit, 
at the Court Street Free Baptist Church in Auburn, 
from October, 1890, to the following March. He 
was then recalled to the pastorale of his old church 
at Augusta, where be labored for three years. He 
has been pastor of the Court Street Free Baptist 
Church in Auburn about four years, and in this 
pastorate, as in all others, his labors have been 
singularly blessed. He has been beloved outside 
his parish as well as in it, and his relations with the 
pastors of Lewiston and Auburn, and with the 
Faculty of Bates College, have always been most 
cordial and pleasant. 

'61. — Professor Lucilius A. Emery visited the 
college after having completed the Melcber-Hadley 
case at Auburn. He attended chapel and later was 
an interested spectator at the recitations of the 
Senior division in Political Economy. 

77. — Lieutenant Peary's steam-bark Hope has 
got safely back to Boston after a two-month's trip, 
in which it penetrated as far north as Cape Sabine, 
latitude 78° 44'. The Hope's trip was in all respects 
successful. Besides her crew of twenty, she carried 
a party of seventeen explorers, hunters, and scien- 
tists, who returned with valuable spoils and tro- 
phies. Lieutenant Peary found the old Greely 
camp at Cape Sabine, and brought home relics from 
it. Most important of all, he fetched home the 
famous hundred-ton mass of stone and iron dis- 
covered seventy years ago by Sir John Ross at Cape 
York, and believed to be a meteorite. To get that 
was a chief purpose of the expedition. All the 
objects of the expedition, including the establish- 
ment of Jausen at the whaling-station at Spicer 
Harbor, were accomplished without misadventure. 

'90. — The following appeared in the Brunswick 
Telegraph of last week : 

Another was added to the list of notable nuptial 
events in Bangor, on Wednesday, when the vows 
were exchanged which made Miss Frances Katha- 
rine Pierce the wife of William Wiugate Hubbard, 
Esq. The marriage was solemnized at the residence 
of Mrs. Lsaiah Stetson, an aunt of the bride, on 
Union Street, in the presence of a gathering of the 
relatives and the more intimate friends of those 
most directly concerned. The hour was eleven o'clock. 

'92. — Swett visited the campus recently. 

'94. — In Topsham, on Wednesday evening, Octo- 
ber 6th, Rev. Norman McKinnon of Foscroft, and 
Miss Etta A. Whitehouse of Topsham, were mar- 
ried at 8 o'clock. The marriage took place in the 
sight of a great assembly of friends of the bride and 
groom. The marriage was said by Rev. Philip H. 

Moore of Saco. Both Mr. McKinnon and Mr. 
Moore were engi, ged in study in the seminary at 
Bangor, and entered college after their gradua- 
tion. Here they were closely associated, and 
graduating together, entered the ministry at 
about the same time. Both have Maine churches, 
and both have made names for themselves amongst 
the people of this state. Mr. McKinnon was 
escorted by the groomsman, Mr. Harry H. Wood 
of Boston. The maid of honor was Miss Susan M. 
Whitehouse, sister of the bride, and the brides- 
maids were Miss Mattie Gahan of Brunswick, Miss 
Annie Barrows and Miss Ada F. Whitehouse, a 
sister of the bride, of Topsham. The ushers were 
Mr. Cony Sturgis, Bowdoin, '99, of Augusta, Mr. 
Aurin Gahan of Brunswick, Mr. Preston Kyes, 
Bowdoin, '96, of North Jay, and Mr. Walter Scott 
Abbott Kimball, Bowdoin, '95, of Portland. After 
a wedding journey of ten days Mr. and Mrs. 
McKinnon will return to Foxcroft and enter a home 
which has been prepared for their reception. The 
bride is one of the most highly esteemed young 
ladies in her vicinity ; she is the daughter of 
Superintendent Frank C. Whitehouse of the Bow- 
doin Paper Company, and aside from rare personal 
charms, possesses those uncommon qualities of 
amiability and grace which will fit her for the impor- 
tant duties which she will find in her new home. 
Mr. McKinuon's woi'k in eastern Maine is too well 
known to need description, for his breadth of mind, 
bis depth of character, the height of his ambitions, 
and his generous cordiality, he is dearly loved by 
his people in Foxcroft. 

'97. — Haines and Varrell are at present in 
Albuquerque, New Mexico, travelling and studying. 


Hall of Theta, a k e, } 

October 11, 1897. \ 

Whereas, We have learned with profound sorrow 

of the death of our beloved brother, Horace B. 

Rines, at Denver, Col., last August; be it 

Besolved, That the Fraternity has lost a loyal 
and honored member ; and be it further 

Resolved, That we extend our sympathy to his 
family, and that copies of these resolutions be sent 
to the relatives of the deceased, and to the Bow- 
doin Okient for publication. 

Eugene T. Minott, 
Thomas L. Marble, 
Cony Sturgis, 

Committee for the Chapter. 



Vol. XXVII. 

No. 8. 




Peroival p. Baxter, '98, Editor-in-Chief. 
Roy L. Marston, '99, Assistant Bditor-in-Chief. 
Frank L. Dutton, '99, Business Manager. 
Harold P. Dana, '99. 
Fred R. Marsh, '99. 
Hanson H. Webster, '99. 
James P. Webber, 1900. 

Thomas L. Marble, '98 
John W. Condon, '98. 
Luoien p. Libey, '99. 
Byron S. Philoon, '99. 

Per annum, in advance, $2.00. 

Single Copies, 15 Cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Manager. 

Itemittances sliouUl be made to the Business Manager. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Editor-in-Chief. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Conti-ibutions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Bowdoin Verse Department should be sent 
to Box 960, Brunswicli;, Me. 

Personal items should be sent to Box 94.5, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Posf-Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 
Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston. 


Vol. XXVII., No. 8.— October 27, 1897. 

Editorial Notes 137 

An Intercollegiate Base-Ball Game 140 

On Casco Bay 141 

Bowdoin Verse ; 

Moon-Set 142 

Blue Eyes and Violets 142 

Beviens 1 142 

Life and Deatli 143 

Ode to an Old Pipe 143 

CoLLEGii Tabula 143 

Athletics 145 

Y. M. C. A . . . . . . 148 

Personal 149 

A full meeting of the Orient Board 
was held on Friday last at its office in 
IVfemorial Hall, and several matters of inter- 
est were acted upon. Our business manager, 
W. H. Crafts, announced that owing to the 
large amount of work which was pressing 
upon him, he found it impossible to perform 
the duties of Business Manager, to the satis-' 
faction of himself and for the best interests 
of the paper. He accordingly resigned his 
position, and his resignation was accepted. 

The Orient regrets that circumstances 
prevent Mr. Crafts from continuing his 
duties, for it had been hoped that during the 
three years of management which lay before 
him, he might have the credit of putting the 
Orient upon its feet, financially. It was 
the belief of the Board that Mr. Crafts would 
have been able so to have done. 

The choice of a successor to Mr. Crafts 
fell unanimously upon Mr. F. L. Dutton, '99, 
and the Board extends to him a cordial wel- 
come. He is a man who is experienced in 
the management of a paper, and if he is 
successful in putting the Orient upon its 
feet again, he will receive the merited thanks 
of the entire college. 

The Board decided to hold fortnightly 
meetings at its office, so that the members 



might all work together for the best interests 
of the paper. These meetings are to be 
held alternate Wednesdays, preceding the 
appearance of the Orient. 

The question of whether or not a mem- 
ber of the Orient Board shall in the future 
be allowed to act upon the Quill Board was 
discussed, but no action taken. The general 
opinion appeared to be that as good, if not 
better, results might be obtained if the papers 
were distinctly separate. There are suffi- 
cient men in college to manage both papers 
without overlapping, and more general inter- 
est might be obtained if a friendly competi- 
tion existed. The matter was laid upon the 
table until the next meeting, when it will be 

COMPLAINTS are continually being made 
both to the town and college authorities 
that property of more or less value is lost from 
time to time about the college. Every few 
days something is missed, from wearing 
apparel to money and mileages, and no one is 
the wiser. Although occasional cases of klep- 
tomania may exist among the students, and 
some thefts may be accounted for in this 
manner, the greater portion of our thieving 
is committed by outsiders who come to 
us for the ostensible purpose of obtaining 
work. "Tlie students themselves are respon- 
sible for this thieving, indirectly," said the 
sheriff of Brunswick, "for they employ per- 
sons of known dishonesty about their rooms, 
persons whose characters are so well known 
about town that their presence is never per- 
mitted." Last summer one such case was 
brought to light, but that was by no means the 
only one. To-da}' the students employ men 
who frequent the college for no other purpose 
than stealing, and should employment not be 
given these characters, a large percentage of 
our thieving would stop. Every man should 
be cautious in allowing persons to work for 
him, unless their honesty is known. The 

police of the town are willing to assist in 
the suppression of this nuisance, but when 
such grand opportunities for thieving exist, 
it is practically impossible to accomplish 
anything of importance. 

^PHE Orient has been requested to remind 
^ the College of the young pines that were 
so carefully planted, last spring, at the back 
of the campus, toward tlie lower village. 
These pines were set out at great expense 
and labor, so that the original " Pines of Bow- 
doin" might not be without successors. The 
tall grass has hidden these in places, and 
careless pedestrians have trampled upon and 
injured several of the young trees, not to men- 
tion the fact that fires promiscuousl}' started 
and allowed to spread, have burned a few. 
The Orient wishes to forcibly call the atten- 
tion of the students to these prospering 
pines, and thereby prevent further harm. 
Carelessness rather than wantonness has 
destroyed these, and it is hoped that a cau- 
tion will prove sufficient. Dr. Whittier and 
Mr. Austin Gary, '88, were instrumental in 
starting this project, and their labors in our 
behalf should not be thwarted ; rather, we 
should do everything in our power for the 
preservation of these "whispering pines" of 
tlie future. 

CLASS foot-ball teams are of great benefit 
to the college, when properly managed, 
and of greater injury when improperly man- 
aged. No minor team, whether a class, or 
a so-called "scrub," team should ever be 
allowed to leave the campus unless it has 
proved itself worthy and competent to bear 
the name of Bowdoin, and to uphold that 
name by hard and creditable work. When 
a class team plays some fitting school in a 
miserably played game, when the name of 
Bowdoin, even though class letters be 
attached, is dragged through the mire, and 
when the game played would disgrace a 



grammar-school team, a halt should be called. 
We do not claim that every team must win, 
that is impossible; but every team should 
play a respectable game of foot-ball, and if 
this is impossible, said team should remain 
concealed upon its native campus. Many 
people, when they read of such and such a 
Bowdoin team's defeat, never think of the 
class, and the college suffers thereby. Teams 
have left Brunsvi^ick that never have lined 
up, and many that have lined up never 
should have. The General Athletic Com- 
mittee should take this matter in charge and 
should pass judgment as to the advisability 
of playing each and every game. No aggre- 
gation should undertake to play fitting- 
schools for the simple sake of having "sport," 
as it is expressed. 

Since the mass-meeting was held, there 
has been a different spirit manifested with 
regard to our 'varsity foot-ball. More men 
have appeared, and much more enthusiasm 
shown. Although the meeting itself was 
not particularly enthusiastic, it produced a 
wonderful effect, which was seen that very 
afternoon. Mr. Warren of Harvard coached 
the team successfully, but on the whole 
rather severely, and his place has been taken 
by Mr. Libby, Bowdoin, '96. One mistake 
made during the first of the season was, that 
the second eleven was a bit neglected. If 
the second eleven is instructed in the new 
plays, how to play them as well as how to 
stop them, and if it is encouraged, the great- 
est difficulty has been overcome; If as much 
care is taken of the lesser players as of the 
greater, a coach will always be sure of two 
elevens, and the team is bound to win. All 
we need for success are a strong second 
eleven, financial support, and the proper 

YEAR or two ago the college authorities 
provided Paradise Spring Water for the 
students, and the two "split" barrels behind 
the chapel were visited daily by a large 

majority of the college. At that time our 
authorities evidently appreciated the fact 
that only absolutely pure water is fit for 
drinking purposes, but since then they must 
have either forgotten this fact or changed 
their opinions, for the barrels disappeared 
and hydrant water was again called into use. 
This was done because the Brunswick water 
works were connected with those of Bath, 
and the water was brought from beyond the 
Kennebec. From that time on our water 
has been changed constantly — to-day we 
drink Androscoggin water, and to-morrow 
perhaps Bath, so that we can never be sure 
as to the purity of our standard beverage. 
Unwieldy schooners are constantly dragging 
their anchors up and down the Kennebec, 
with the result that the submerged pipe is 
bi'oken, and Bath and Brunswick, when 
thirsty, are forced to resort to "hydrant 
juice " for days. 

The Orient believes that the college 
would be moi'e than recompensed by the , 
increased and assured healthfulness of the 
students for whatever outlay it might be 
subjected to in reinstating and maintaining 
the old familiar and health-giving "split 
barrels." When one thinks of drinking 
Androscoggin water, and that, moreover, 
drawn not far from Freuchtown, one sud- 
denly loses all thirst for H2O ; for the sake 
of temperance, if for no other reason. Para- 
dise Water should be supplied. The entire 
college hopes for an immediate renewal of 
our pure-water system, and there is no 
logical reason why this hope should not be 
fulfilled. Whether or not breaks occur in 
the Kennebec, Bath water is none too pure, 
and it would be much more healthful for the 
students to drink the same water continually, 
especially when that is of unquestioned 

The Freshman Class at Dartmouth numbers over 
200. The seatiug room of the chapel is insufflcient, 
and dormitories have been enlarged to provide for 
the increased attendance. 



An Intercollegiate Base-Ball Game 

TITHE base-ball season of 1896 was well 
-»■ under way for the Maine Intercollegiate 
League. Bates had played Colby and Maine 
State, and had won from both, while Bow- 
doin had taken one game from the latter and 
two from the former, not to mention defeat- 
ing several colleges outside of the state. 
The two victorious nines were now to meet 
at Bowdoin for their first trial of strength, 
both confident of victory. 

The old Delta, that sunshiny afternoon, 
presented a gay appearance. The grand 
stand, up against the end of Adams Hall, 
was filled with a crowd of students, members 
of the Faculty, and the lady supporters of 
both teams. Bates men were down in force, 
and from the northern side of the diamond 
they strove to enliven the time by giving their 
college 3'ell, which was answered from the 
southern side and from the grand stand by a 
lustjr " B-o-iv-d-o-i-n, Rah, Rah, Rah! " Bruns- 
wick towns-people swelled the throng, and it 
was rumored that the Bowdoin " Medics " 
had organized a band in honor of the occa- 
sion. Copies of a song written by "Jake" 
Pierce, '96, had been distributed among the 
college boys, and, not content to wait for the 
game, the party in the grand stand struck 
up the opening verse as the team started out 
for preliminary practice : 

"Gathered on the Delta, boys, we'll raise a mighty 
Cheer with such a spirit 'that the Worcester team 

shall hear. 
Bowdoin's nine must win to-day ; 'tis Bowdoiu's 
banner year; 
And Bowdoin 's marching on !" 

A moment later a great shout arose as, 
headed by their band, the medical students 
marched onto the grounds. In front, as 
Grand Marshal, strode the imposing form of 
President Worthing of the Senior Class, 
with tall silk hat and beribboned cane, and 

behind came the banner of the school, and 
huge placards bearing such inscriptions as: 
" Bates squawked in '94, 
Stayed out In '95. 
Why? Afraid of Medics! " 
and : 

" Can the Medics play ball ? 
Watch Bryant ! " 

The procession made the circuit of the 
field and finally halted on the southern side, 
opposite to the point from which the Bates 
students were trying to make themselves 
heard with their " Boom-a-lak-a ! Boom-a- 
lak-a ! Boom ! Bates ! Boom ! " Then, 
amidst the blaring of the band and the 
cheers of the opposing colleges, the game 
began . 

The first few innings were wildly excit- 
ing. Bowdoin started in by piling up six 
runs, and, at the end of the third, the score 
stood eight to four in her favor. The 
"Medic" band, having exhausted its reper- 
toire (which seemed to consist solely of "Phi 
Chi "), was obliged to repeat it several times 
to give vent to the enthusiasm, and from the 
grand stand the refrain of 

" Bowdoin, Bowdoin, Bowdoin, Bowdoin; 
Old Bowdoin's marching on ! " 

swelled again and again. 

In the fourth inning Bates made three 
runs to Bowdoin's one. This seemed to 
anger the "Medics," and they marched over 
to the Bates side of the field as if to sweep 
their opponents out of existence. Here, 
however, they were met by Despeaux, the 
town constable, and, after a "scrap," which 
took up most of the interest of the specta- 
tors during the fifth inning, the "Medics" 
returned to their first position. For a time, 
now, neither side scored, and the Bowdoin 
men in the grand stand expressed their ap- 
proval of Bodge's pitching by singing the 
familiar lines: 

"Mamie, come kiss your honey boy, 
While the stars do shine ! " 



They also took the opportunity to renew 
"Jake" Pierce's song: 

"We'll trust to Bodge within the box, and Haines 

behind the bat; 
. And Captain Hull and Frankie Dane, there's 
nothing slow in that ; 
Wlien Auntie Coburn hits the ball it won't Ijuow 
where it's at; 
While Bowdoin marches on. 

" Then put them over, Mamie, and we'll have them 
in a hole. 
For nothing passes Bryant and there are no flies 

on Soule; 
While "Lib" and Greenlaw both combine to help 
us reach our goal, 
And Bowdoin marches on ! " 

The eighth inning drew to a close. Bates 
had added three more runs in the seventh, 
and the score now stood 15 to 10 in Bow- 
doin's favor. The disheartened students 
from Lewiston began to leave the field. 
Some, it is said, went to the telegraph station 
and sent word home that Bowdoin had won 
the game. The Bowdoin boys were jubilant, 
and from the grand stand came again the 
song : 

" Then shout again together, ' We won't do a thing 
to Bates ! ' 
Thanli God that we're from Bowdoin, though 

they call us sports and sljates,- 
For Bowdoin was ' OLD BOWDOIN ' when there 
wasn't any Bates ! 
And Bowdoin's marching on ! " 

Truly everything was in Bowdoin's favor. 
With a margin of five points, the last half of 
the ninth began. Bates was at the bat. One 
man out . . . two men out . . . and — what 
is that? A run ? Two runs ! three! four! 
five ! The score is tied ! 

Just what happened to Bowdoin in that 
ninth inning has never been satisfactorily 
explained. Some said it was a case of 
"swelled head," others attributed the disas- 
ter to the "Medic" band, and still others 
laid the blame on " Jake " Pierce's song, 
and backed up their assertion by citing the 

defeat received from Bates the last time 
"Jake " wrote a song for the game. 

But whatever the cause, the result was 
only too evident. For another inning and a 
half, Bowdoin made a desperate effort to 
retrieve her fortunes, and then . . the Bates 
yell resounded from the Delta, and the 
reporters sent off to the Sunday papers the 
dispatch: "Bowdoin, 15; Bates, 16." 

On Casco Bay. 

NOT long ago, the writer had the good 
fortune to be one of a party which took 
a bicycle ride to the shoi'es of beautiful 
Casco Bay. 

After the usual delay in picking up the 
different members of the company, we started 
off at a good pace, for the day was cool and 
cjoudy. In the overflow of spirits, caused 
by the exhilarating first spin of the season, 
some of us tried racing, but shortness of 
breath and "lack of form " incident to the 
winter's rest, soon put a stop to such exhibi- 
tions. Then we settled down to a quiet- 
gait, sufSciently swift for pleasure and com- 
fortable to our untrained muscles. 

All went finely till the main road was left 
and a short cut taken, which soon disclosed 
its true character. The soil was largely 
of clay; the road had been little used, 
and that apparently when in a semi-liquid 
condition, for the hoof-prints aud wheel- 
tracks of the teams that had passed were 
seemingly as deep as when new, while in the 
bottom of each one lay an innocent little 
pool of water, ready for the unwary cyclist. 
But worse was to come, and come it did in 
the form of a hill, whereon one might experi- 
ence the novel sensation of pedalling as hard 
as he could, while he saw the earth before 
him slipping farther and farther away. Our 
next difficulty was occasioned by a cross- 
road, about which no one knew anything 
definite. Finally it was decided to turn to 
the right toward a slight descent. We set 



out, and soon were jolting and thumping 
down a hill comparable only to an old- 
fashioned corduroy road. 

So far, our pleasure had been derived 
from overcoming the seeming opposition of 
nature, but we were yet to enjoy our reward. 
The shore was reached at a rocky little point, 
on which we all found seats, and then pro- 
ceeded to amuse ourselves and each other 
by skipping shells and flat stones, examining 
rock-weed and telling stories, some "with a 
"fishy" flavor peculiarly appropriate to the 

Meanwhile, the sharp-ej'ed member of the 
party had discovered a little dot on the 
horizon, which he declared to be a vessel 
under full sail. When, after many directions 
and much craning of necks, all had made out 
the speck, the glasses were produced and 
proved our prophet a true one, and from 
that time forth he was not without honor in 
his party. But so far away was our fancy- 
laden craft that even through the glasses she 
appeared but a spot a trifle darker than her 
surroundings, as she seemed to lie floating 
in the air, so alike were the colors of the sea 
and sky — calm, thoughtful shades of gray. 
We watched her for a while, but could not 
see that she made an}' progress. There, like 

"A painted ship upon a painted ocean" 
she lay against the dim, faint distance; 
sombre, yet with a quiet beauty which only 
such gray mists, far off on the sea, can have. 

All things, however, must have an end, 
so leaving our ship to tra'vel its lonely course, 
we turned toward home, taking the more 
direct and, as it proved, the better road. 

Chicago University is planning the construction 
of a new gymnasium. Its dimensions will be ]00 
by 800 feet, and it is proposed to make it the fiuest 
building of its kind in the world. An athletic field 
100 by 600 feet will be added, with a seating 
capacity of 25,000 people. The field will be entirely 
closed and properly heated, so that sport can be 
carried on during the winter. 

Bowdoii^ ^ep§e. 


The moon sank down in distant west, 

Yet not so far away 
But I could see the place it dropped, 
Far o'er the dark'uiug bay. 

The pine tree stirred, as gently touched 

Its top the waning moon; 
And swiftly forth a fire broke, 

Which changed the night to noon. 

Prom far and near the people came 

To idly stand and gaze. 
And wondered, puzzled in their minds, 

At what had caused the blaze. 

But had they seen, as I had done, 
The moon come down to earth, 

The question would have solved itself; 
They'd known what gave it birth. 

Blue Eyes and Violets. 

Dear Violets, 

Sweet flowerets, 

When sunlight falls adown blue skies, 

I gaze into your tender eyes, 

And gazing, dream of her, 

Dear Violets, 

Sweet flowerets. 

Dear Violets, 

Sweet flowerets, 

When snow-flakes fall adown grey skies, 

I gaze iuto her lovely eyes 

And see my spring-time dream, 

Dear Violets, 

Sweet flowerets. 


Summer, my dear Summer-time, 
Hasten back to me ! 
Falling rose leaves, fading bowers 
Die with love for thee. 

But my lovely Summer-time, 
Autumn twilights say, 
Never will come back again. 
Thou art gone for aye. 



Is it that thou would'st uot come ? 
Nay, that cannot be. 
Pate it must, Fate doth hold 
Cruel reign o'er thee. 

Life and Death. 


Life and Death once met together at a bed 

Where lay a dying mother and her new-born 
Death to claim the body whence the soul had fled, 
And Life to claim the babe who, all unconscious, 
Said Death : "Mine is the greater victory." 
SaidLife: "But time alone the truth will see." 

Years fled. Death atlast the child his victim claimed. 

And loud exulting sped to Life and said: 
"Life, behold, thy treasure has my spoil been named. 
Now which is greater? Is not vict'ry with the 
"Not so," cried Life, "you have but earthly 
While Life Eternal takes the soul away." 

Ode to an Old Pipe. 

Old relic of the dusty past. 

Across the threshold of whose portals 

The legendary sunbeams cast 

But little light for curious mortals, 

I ween that in thy blackened bowl 

Are stored a host of recollections 

As vivid as a very scroll 

Of mankind's worth or imperfections. 

Perhaps thou hast been much condemned 
By prudes and those who knew no better; 
Or looked on with contempt by them 
Who were a thousand times thy debtor. 
Who knows but some grand banquet-hall, 
Where glasses clinked and hearts were merry, 
Hath felt thy power to enthrall — 
To calm and soothe the mind that's weary? 

Or, mayhap, in his study-chair, 
An author, loved by ev'ry nation. 
Had been reduced to dire despair 
But for thy friendly inspiration. 
Ah, well, old friend, I'm not the one 
To painful passions to provoke thee; 
Be mine a life of toil or fun, 
I'll try and be content to— smoke thee. 

Leonard W. Hatch, Ph.D., 
who last year occupied the chair 
of Political Economy during the 
absence of Professor Emery, is at 
present upon the Board of Labor 
Statistics at Albany, N. Y. Dr. Hatch 
is eminently qualified for such work, he having 
made a specialty along the lines of the labor and 
social questions. 

Stetson, '98, is back. 
Dane, '96, was in town last week. 
Howard, '98, visited Tufts College a part of last 

, The voice of the mid-term "quiz" is heard in 
the land. 

The burning of the dead leaves has begun. 
Snow next. 

Clarke, '99, has been coaching the Freshman 
foot-ball team. 

Nason, '99, attended the A k E initiation at 
Colby, last week. 

The Sophomore Class in Physics has begun work 
in the laboratory. 

The first rehearsal for the Mandolin Club was 
held last Monday. 

The fence around the southern division of the 
"Ma,ll" has been removed. 

Adjourns were granted during the progress of 
the Mass-Meeting last Friday. 

The reading-room has been refitted with racks 
for holding the papers in position. 

The Bowdoin Orchestra played its first engage- 
ment of the season at the Fair Ball. 

Briggs, '99, and Sturgis, '99, attended the Maine 
Music Festival in Bangor, last week. 

An adjourn was given to the whole college the 
Thursday afternoon of Topsham fair. 

Orders for fraternity note-paper of Dreka's house 
have been taken at 25 North Winthrop. 

The Frou-Frou Club of Bath gave a dance last 
week, which some of the fellows attended. 

Some of the students enjoyed a dance at the 



Court Room recently. It was arranged by certain 
of Brunswick's young people. 

Sinkiuson, '99, refereed the Bates-Colby game at 
Lewiston, Saturday last. 

The painters were at work in the Art Building 
last week, oiling the floors of the galleries. 

Professor Emery acted as one of the ushers at 
the recent Chandler-Allen nuptials in Boston. 

A number of Tufts alumni attended the Tufts 
game and cheered loudly and to good purpose. 

Bacon, 1900, ofQciated as umpire at the Kent's 
Hill-Hebron game on the 23d, at Livermore Falls. 

Roller polo begins early next month, and Bath's 
Alameda will again be a magnet for winter evenings. 

]^r. Winn Adams, formerly of the Class of '99 at 
Dartmouth, has entered the Junior Class at Bowdoin. 

E. R. Hunter, who sang with the Glee Club and 
drilled them last winter, is studying medicine in 

Joe Mahoney is peddling candy sticks. ''Little 
Joe" should be patronized by the students, one 
and all. 

0. D. Smith and D. R. Pennell, '98, made a 
flying visit to St. Paul's School at Portsmouth, N. H., 

It is thought that La Farge's panel for the Art 
Building will be put up this year. Its subject is to 
be "Athens." 

A mass- meeting for the protection of Sabbath 
observance was held at the Town Hall a week ago 
Sunday evening. 

Dr. Kneeland of Boston gave an address before 
the Y. M. C. A., Sunday afternoon, on "The Stu- 
dent and his Sunday." 

The Freshmen are to have an extra course in 
mathematics this term. The course takes up the 
study of Higher Algebra. 

The Brunswick post-office has issued a con- 
venient little card, giving the time of the closing 
and opening of the mails. 

The Bowdoin Sophomore foot-ball eleven played 
Portland High School, last Wednesday, and defeated 
them by a score of 22 to 0. 

During a brief illness of Editor Dunning of the 
Brunswick department of the Bath Independent, 
his place was filled by Kelley, '99. 

One of Maine's papers thinks it amusing that 
Consul Sewall's Samoan relics at the Art Building 
are labeled "Loaned by His Excellency." 

The Alpha Delta Phi's held an enjoyable ride to 
the Gurnet during the " moon season." The moon, 
however, kept out of the way nearly all the evening. 

Preble, '98, and Dutton, '99, represented the 
Bowdoin Chapter of Delta Upsilon at the annual 
convention of the fraternity, at Amherst, last week. 

Judging solely from the number of men seen 
limping about the campus in the last two weeks, it 
would be fair to state that we are in a "crippled 

The Juniors have voted to have the assessment 
for the Bugle paid in by November 12th, in order 
that the editors may not be troubled by any 
financial embarrassment. 

The piano at the Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation rooms was tuned recently. These instru- 
ments in public places do not generally receive too 
much attention of this sort. 

The sixth annual meeting of the Maine Amateur 
Press Association was held at Orono last week. 
Forty-five delegates were present, representing most 
of the student publications of the state. 

Why think of going to the Klondike when dusky 
Princess Tou-om-ar-oan-nee offers a kingdom, and 
$35,000 per annum as pin-money, to the man who 
will marry her? Don't all speak at once. 

Brooke's Band of Chicago played at the Town 
Hall last Tuesday afternoon— that is, was to have 
played; but, as about a dozen appeared in the 
audience, the concert was adjourned sine die. 

The Maine Music Festival in Portland, last 
week, drew some of our music lovers. Professors 
Chapman and Woodruff were members of the 
Brunswick division of the big chorus, the latter 
being its president. Professor Chapman wrote the 
introduction of the elaborate programme books. 

The outside reading of this term for those who 
have elected Sophomore French is the same as it 
was last year. It embraces some of the works of 
Corneille, Molifere, and Racine. The text-book for 
use in the class will be Crane's "Le Romantisme 

Professor Robinson's large Saint Bernard dog, 
which was a familiar form on the campus, is no 
more. Last week he became involved in a scrap 
with a"yagger" bull-dog, and getting the worst 
of the conflict, crawled ofl" to the grave-yard, where 
he was found badly chewed up. 

It is rumored that a change is to be made in 
our postal service. Brunswick and Topsham may 



be united, postally, and free delivery may result. 
What a boon this would be to the town and college ! 
Think of receiving one's letters at one's door ; and 
how many weary, wet, and cold tramps through 
Brunswick mud would be saved. This is a dream 
indeed, but a most practical, not to meution prob- 
able, oue. 

The A. D. F. Randolph Company is soon to pub- 
lish a book called "The Ten Laws: A Foundation 
for Human Society," by Dr. E. B. Mason, pastor of 
the Congregational Church of Brunswick. The 
work is designed to show that these ten laws are 
the natural laws of man's life, and that they have 
their authority not alone in Moses, but in the nature 
of things or the necessities of social existence. 

By a new arrangement, those of the Juniors who 
desire to take Senior German next year, have 
handed their names to Professor Files. The class 
is thus divided iuto two divisions which recite 
alternately every Saturday. Those who intend to 
take Senior German are drilled in grammar work, 
and in writing German in the script, while the 
remainder of the class have lectures and sight 
reading. There are nearly thirty in the first 
division at present. 

A largely attended meeting of the Foot-Ball 
Association was held at Memorial Hall, Friday, 
October 22d. The object of the meeting was two- 
fold, namely : to provide funds for the support of 
the team, and to stir up interest in the team itself. 
President Pettengill presided. Speeches were made 
by Dr. Whittier, Coach Libby, Manager Young and 
others, and new life was infused. A committee of 
nine was appointed to canvass the college for sub- 
scriptions, consistiug of Briggs, '99, E. E. Spear, 
'98, Pierce, '98, Neagle, '99, A. B. White, '98, Law- 
rence, '98, Knight, '98, Odiorne, '98, and Haydeu, '99. 
This committee was to report Saturday, and if 
proper support was shown, the season was to be 
fiuished. Coach Libby urged new men to appear 
upon the field. The meeting then adjourued. The 
beneficial results of this awakening were shown on 
that very afternoon, for almost three elevens were 
in uniform, and a goodly number of spectators to 
cheer them on. The committee for subscriptions 
should be warmly received. 

The George Evans Debating Society held its 
first meeting for the year, on Tuesday evening, 
October 19th, with an attendance of some forty 
members and visitors. The programme consisted 
of addresses by Professors Mitchell and MacDonald, 
upon the importance of the art of debating, and the 

best means for its acquirement. Their remarks 
were both entertaining and helpful, and were 
greatly appreciated by all present. After a brief 
business session, in which the programme for the 
next meeting was announced, and several applica- 
tions for membership were received, the society 
adjourned. It is intended, beginning with the com- 
ing meeting, to make musical and literary parts a 
regular feature of the programme. A piano has 
been engaged and will be put into the Modern Lan- 
guage Room, where the meetings are held. The 
subject for the debate at the next meeting, Tues- 
day, November 2d, is : "Resolved, that municipali- 
ties in the United States should own and operate 
plants for supplying light, water, and transporta- 
tion." The hour of meeting is seven, sharp. All 
are invited to attend. 



Bowdoin, 10; Exeter, 0. 

Bowdoin won her first game of the season from 
Exeter, at Exeter, Wednesday, October JSth. The 
game was played at Exeter, and was a clean, hard" 
game throughout. The interference on both teams 
was at times brilliant, but generally not of the kind 
to be expected so late in the season. Of Exeter's 
backs. Scales and Lynd evidently had an off day. 
The latter's punting was slow, and several of his 
punts were blocked. A muff by Scales gave Bow- 
doin her first touchdown. 

Ives kicked off for Bowdoin, Baldwin catching 
the ball and advancing it nearly to the center. 
Bowdoin soon recovered the ball on a fumble, but 
failing to gain, Ives punted. Scales missed the ball 
and McMillan got it and easily carried it 30 yards 
for a touchdown. 

At the next kick-off, Exeter forced Bowdoin 
back for three downs, when Ives punted. Haggerty 
and Scales were now sent at the line, and they made 
repeated gains. It looked as though Exeter would 
score easily, but fumbling gave Bowdoin the ball, 
and McMillan made a 30-yard gain around right 
end. Sears finally bringing him down by a fine 
tackle. Bowdoin was again held and forced to kick. 

Exeter's backs went through the line again, and 
Higley made good gains on tackle plays. Ives was 
the mainstay of the Bowdoin team, and his splendid 
tackling at this time undoubtedly prevented Exeter 



from scoring in the first half, which ended when 
Exeter had the ball only 12 yards from Bowdoin's 

In the second, Bowdoiu went into the game with 
a rush, and for the first time was able to break 
through Exeter's line. McMillan got around left 
end for 25 yards. Exeter finally held the college 
men on her 15-yard line. Lynd punted, but his 
kick was blocked, and Gregsou fell on the ball three 
yards from the goal lino. Bowdoiu failed to gain 
in three downs, but on the fourth carried the ball 
over. Ives kicked the goal. 

The game was in many ways a disappointment, 
for, while Exeter hardly expected to win, yet her 
play to-day was far behind that in her previous 
games. Greene and Baldwin tackled well, and the 
line was strong, but Exeter's team showed far less 
strength than was expected. Ives, McMillan, and 
Cloudman played a hard, steady game, and the 
tackling of the first was especially brilliant. 

The summary: 


Gregson. Left End. Sears. 


Left Tackle. 



Left Guard. 






Right Guard. 

Mallett (Miller.) 


Right Tackle. 

Higley (Capt.). 


Right End. 


Moulton (Capt.). 




Left Halfback. 



Eight Halfback. 


Score— Bowdoin, 10; Exeter, 0. Touchdowns— McMil- 
lan, Ives. Goal from touchdown — Ives. Umpire — Pen- 
dleton. Referee— Ross. Linesmen — Wood and Smith. 
Time— 15m. halves. 

Tufts, 18; Bowdoin, 6. 

Saturday, October 16th, at Brunswick, Bowdoin 
again met defeat on the foot-ball field. The team 
that performed the trick was Tufts, and the way 
they accomplished it heaps anything but credit on 
their heads, and speaks volumes in praise for the 
pluck and endurance of our team of substitutes. 
The Tufts team did all in their power to advance 
the ball, and more often holding and slugging were 
Indulged in than clean, gentlemanly foot-ball. 

On the kick-off. Spear, the " Bowdoin panther," 
was injured, and had to be forcibly taken from the 
field. We then had on the side-lines, Spear, Clarke, 
McMillan, Stockbridge, and Stanwood, and these are 
the men upon whom Bowdoin has mainly depended 
for her foot-ball glory for the past two years. 

Tufts had the wind in their favor the first half 
Bowdoin took the ball. Ives kicked off for 30 yards 
and the ball was down on Tufts' 35-yard line. 

Bowdoin held Tufts for three downs, and all looked 
well for an easy victory. Ives made five yards and 
Cleaves made three, when Bowdoin fumbled. Tufts 
now got the ball and hurled her interference at the 
Bowdoin ends and tackles. Moses made six yards, 
then Carpenter took the ball and made a dash for 
10 yards. By short gains, Tufts rushed the ball to 
Bowdoin's 25-yard line, where the ball was given to 
Maddocks, who cleared himself of all save the 
Bowdoin fullback, and finally dodged him. Tufts 
had scored. A goal resulted. 

Ives kicked off to Tnfts' 25-yard line, and the 
ball was rushed to Bowdoin's 50-yard line, where 
the home team took a stand and got the ball on 
downs. Tufts got through on Bowdoin's first down, 
and forced them back six yards. Ives punted, but 
was partially blocked and the ball went just to the 
center of the field. Then Tufts, by the fastest sort 
of foot-ball, smashed down the field for 55 yards 
and made their second touchdown. Maddocks 
kicked the goal. 

Ives was suffering from a sprained ankle, so 
Bodwell kicked off. He usually has no trouble in 
kicking off to the goal line. But somehow or other 
the ball touched the ground about 30 yards from 
him and rolled along the ground to Tufts' 50-yard 
line. Tufts punted for 25 yards, but Cleaves 
fumbled the catch, and the Tufts' fullback fell on 
the bounding pigskin. This fumble was crisis 
number two. 

Tufts failed to make the requisite five yards, 
and Bowdoin made two good gains, when the ball 
was given to Veazie for an end criss-cross. By fine 
dodging and running he made 30 yards. Time was 
called when he shouted "down "on Tufts' 45-yard 

In the second half, Bowdoin played the old 
Bowdoin game. They went into it with a dash. 
Tufts" kicked to Bowdoin's 15-yard Hue. Wiggin 
caught the ball and advanced it 15 yards. Ives 
made a good gain through the center for five yards. 
Bowdoiu lost the ball aud recovered it again on 
downs. Cleaves made six yards around the end, 
and Veazie seven yards on an end criss-cross, then 
Gregson made a 35-yard run, and would have scored 
then and there could he have run fast enough to 
have kept out of the way of the Tufts fullback, who 
sprinted and tackled him on Tufts' 12-Tard line. 
Then Ives easily carried the ball through Tufts' 
center for a touchdown. Ives kicked the goal. 
Score, 12-6. 

Goddard kicked oft' to Bowdoin's 20-yard line, 
and Ives made a fine catch and ran 20 yards before 



being downed. Then the signal was given for Ives 
to punt from his position in the line. Tufts broke 
through and blocked the kick, and by hard fighting 
In 10 downs carried the ball 35 yards for a touch- 
down. Tufts kicked the goal, and the score was 
18 to 6 in their favor. 

The rest of the half was a hard struggle against 
heavy odds by the Bowdoin men. They fought a 
good fight, got the ball twice on downs, but could 
not break away from Tufts. Time was called upon 
Tufts' 30-yard Hue. Score, 18 to 6. 

For the visitors, Almeida at quarter played the 
best game. Almeida was very swift and sure. 
For Bowdoin, Captain Moulton, Ives, and Veazie 
played the best game. Wiggin and Merrill played 
well at tackles. 

Bod well. 
Spear <Merrill.) 
Merrill (Albee.) 


Left End. Foster. 

Left Tackle. Carpenter (Capt.). 

Left Guard. Bartlett. 

Center. Avery. 

Eight Guard. Daniels. 

Right Tackle. Goddard. 

Right End. Burton. 


Moulton (Capt.). Quarterback. 
Minard. Left Halfback. 

Ives. Right Halfback. Maddooks. 

Cleaves. Fullback. Kand. 

Touchdowns — Rand, Maddocks, Moses, and Ives. 
Referee— Pierce of Bowdoin. Umpire— Swett of Tufts. 
Linesmen — Stockbridge of Bowdoin; and Hildreth of 
Tufts. Time — 20 and 15-minute halves. 

Bowdoin, 1901, 0; Portland Eigh School, 0. 

Saturday, the 6th, the Freshman eleven played 
Portland High School in Portland, and succeeded in 
tying with them. The game was slow and uninter- 
esting throughout. Both teams fumbled badly, and it 
was a very discreditable game for a Bowdoiu team to 
participate in. Elated at being able to keep the 
High School team from scoring, the Freshmen 
seemed to forget that it would be well for them 
to score themselves, and they delayed the game 
and took so much time that the spectators decided 
that they didn't even know their signals, much less 

The Freshmen should realize that foot-ball is 

not a waiting game, and brace up and get some 

snap. The line-up : 

Portland H. S. 






Bowdoin, 1901 



Leigh ton. 









Left End. 
Left Tackle. 

Left Guard. 

Eight Guard. 
Right Tackle. Feeney (Pinnerty") 

Right End. Fogg. 

Quarterback. S. Anderson (Walker.) 

Halfback. Twitcheli. 

Halfback. Webber 

Fullback. Underwood! 

Score — Portland 0, Bowdoin 0. Umpire — Grifteth 
of Portland. Referee— Walter Clarke, Bowdoin, '99. 
Time — 15m. and 10m. halves. 

Bowdoin, 1900, 22 ; P. E. S., 0. 

Wednesday, October 20th, the Sophomore team 
played the Portland High School eleven and won 
handily. The Portland forwards put up a fine game. 
They held their heavy opponents well, and broke 
through repeatedly, but Portland's weakness was 
behind the line, where Underwood was the only man 
who could be relied on to advance the ball. 

Within the last three minutes of playing time, 
the high school boys started a new style of play, 
namely, running the guards and tackles with the 
ball, and this plan worked to perfection. Watson, 
Williams, and Dortieos ploughed through the Bow- 
doin line -for big gains, but the adoption of this 
style of play came too late in the game. 

The first touchdown which the Sophomores 
scored was practically a gift. Bowdoin had worked 
the ball up to within three yards of Portland's goal 
line, and here the high school boys made a splendid 
stand and held them for downs. 

When the teams lined up, the Portland backs, 
were behind their own line, and under such con- 
ditions there was only one play to be made, and 
that was to punt. Instead of doing this, however^ 
Twitcheli was sent through the Sophomore line, or 
rather the quarterback intended that he should go 
through the line, but he utterly failed in the attempt, 
and furthermore dropped the ball, whereupon a 
Sophomore fell on it quicker than a flash, and the 
result was six points for Bowdoin. 

The third touchdown was on a fluke. Portland 
had worked the pigskin to Bowdoin's 15-yard line 
and a touchdown seemed sure. Underwood ploughed 
through the line for a 10-yard gain, and then both 
teams piled up in the scrimmage. Suddenly out of 
the heap of struggling players rolled the ball. 
Chapman jumped for it and started down the field 
with the pigskin tucked under his arm. Before 
any of the Portland men knew what had happened 
Chapman had a tremendous start, and he never 
stopped until he had planted the oval behind Port- 
land's goal posts. 

The weather was just right from the player's 
standpoint, but the three hundred spectators who 
lined the field and sat in the grand stand found it 
rather chilly. Among those out to see the game 
was May Irwin. Miss Irwin remained throughout 
the first half. 



The following is the summary: 

Anderson (Capt.). 

Walker. j 

S. Anderson, j 
Twitohell. I 
Files. j 


Left End. 
Left Tackle. 
Left Guard. 

Kight Guard. 
Right Tackle. 
Right End. 


Left Halfback. 

Right Halfback. 


BOWDOIN, 1900. 

Chapman (Capt.). 











Score— Bowdoin, 22; Portland High, 0. Touchdowns- 
Merrill 2, Bass, and Chapman. Goals from touchdowns — 
Bass 3. Time of halves— 20 minutes and 15 minutes. 
Referee — Griffeth of Portland. Umpire— Gould of Bow- 
doin. Linesmen — Clark of Portland, and Stubbs of 

Thornton Academy, 44; Bowdoin, 1901, 0. 
The Freshmau team visited Saco on Saturday, 
the 23d, and was completely outclassed by Thorn- 
ton Academy. The Academy boys played a snappy, 
fast game, while the Freshmen were unable to 
withstand their onslaught for a moment. The 
game was most one-sided from start to finish. In 
commenting upon the game one of the newspapers 
remarked, "If any manager in the state is looking 
for something easy, he should arrange a game with 
the Bowdoin Freshmen." The line-up was as fol- 
lows : 

Thornton Academy. Bowdoin, 1901. 

Boyker. Left End. Corliss. 

J.Dow. Left Tackle. Griffith. 

Hatch. Left Guard. Leighton. 

Weutworth. Center. (;owan. 

Hamilton. Right Guard. Martel. 

Cole. Right Tackle. Hill. 

Seavey. Right End. Short. 

Leavitt. Quarterback. White. 

Giles. ) 

Bradford. \ Halfback. 

Bean. ) 

E. Dow. Fullback. Palmer. 

Score— Thornton Academy, 44; Bowdoin Freshmen, 0. 
Touchdowns— E. Dow 4, Bradford 2, Boyker 1, Bean 1. 
Goals from touchdowns- Bradford 6. Umpire — Kendall 
of Bowdoin. Referee— Hodgdon of Saco. 

I Snow. 
i Randall. 

As the foot-ball schedule has been changed 
several times recently, the Orient publishes it as 
it stands at present. The Dartmouth game was 
canceled owing to the crippled condition of the 
team, and the New Hampshire game was postponed 
a week. 

Wednesday, Oct. 27. — New Hampshire College at Bruns- 

Saturday, Oct. 30. — Massachusetts Institute of Technology 
at Brunswick. 

Wednesday, Nov. 3.— Colby at Waterville. 

Saturday, Nov. 6.— Tufts at College Hill. 

Saturday, Nov. 13.— Colby at Brunswick. 

Saturday, Nov. 20. — Open. Possibly University of Maine 
at Brunswick. 

The Board of Managers of the Maine College 
League, consisting of President Ernest L. Collins 
of Bates, Secretary R. C. Stearns of University of 
Maine, Treasurer J. E. Steverson of Colby, and 
L. L. Cleaves of Bowdoin, held a meeting at the 
Elmwood Hotel, Waterville, and arranged the fol- 
lowing provisional base-ball schedule for 1898: 

May 7. — U. of M. vs. Bowdoin at Brunswick. 
May 14. — Colby vs. Bates at Lewiston. 
May 21. — Bates vs. U. of M. at Lewiston. 
May 21. — Bowdoin vs. Colby at Waterville. 
May 25. — Bates vs. U. of M. at Orono. 
May 25. — Colby vs. Bowdoin at Brunswick, 
May 28.— U. of M. vs. Colby at Waterville. 
May 28. — Bowdoin vs. Bates at Lewiston. 
June 4. — Bowdoin vs. U. of M. at Orono. 
June 4. — Bates vs. Colby at Waterville. 
June 8.— Colby vs. U. of M. at Orono. 
June 11. — Bates vs. Bowdoin at Brunswick. 


The proposed fall meet died a natural death. 
Not sufBcieut interest was shown to warrant such a 
meet, aud no definite action was taken. 

Robinson, 1900, led the meeting, held on Thurs- 
day night, October 14th. He took for his subject, 
" Contentment, its Virtues and Ills." He skillfully 
drew the happy medium of contentment, the point 
where ambition is still rife, and still, where peace 
of soul is manifest. Contentment is plainly a curse 
to the student who is entirely satisfied with a col- 
lege standing that will barely keep him in college, 
aud who has no ambition to better himself or his 
fellows in any way. On the other hand, content- 
ment would be a boon to the man who is always 
goading himself and his friends to death to achieve 
some ever-fleeting object of his imagination, who is 
never satisfied with his state in life. 

The Rev. Dr. Kneeland of Boston preached in 
the Congregational Church on Sunday, October 17th, 
aud in the afternoon addressed the Y. M. C. A. in 
the society room. He spoke of the way the Sab- 
bath is kept by college students, and how it should 
be kept. In the first place Dr. Kneeland said that 
physically a man cannot use his brain steadily seven 
days in a week without materially injuring his 
health. The rule of refraining from labor on Sun- 
day was made from an hygienic point of view, 
undoubtedly. He denounced the method that some 
students have of doing all the work of the week on 



Sunday. He also reproved the great mass of stu- 
dents who, from force of habit, allow little tasks to 
gather through the week to he done on Sunday. 
Probably two-thirds of the theme work in college 
is written on Suuday. Dr. Kneeland's talk was 
very bright and to the point. 

Last Thursday night the meeting was led by 
Woodbury, 1900, who took as the subject of the 
meeting, "Perseverance." It was a very good 
meeting, but poorly attended. 

A large audience attended the informal address 
last Suuday, given by Mr. D. E. Tobias of Brown 
University, who spoke upon the race question, and 
especially of the social question among the negroes 
in the South. Mr. Tobias was a very intelli- 
gent and cultured speaker. He plead for the 
social liberty of his race. He said that the 
white brothers dragged his people from happy 
homes in sunny Africa to a beast's life of servitude 
in the fields of the South. For two hundred and 
fifty years the colored people faithfully served their 
tyrant rulers. Then the white brothers shed the 
fairest blood of the world to gain the freedom of 
these slaves. And now the colored people are 
worse than slaves, as the doors of civilization are 
closed against them. Mr. Tobias was eloquent at 
times, and thoroughly impressed the society as to the 
virtue of his cause. Mr. Tobias is one of those 
modern Bolivars who are struggling for the freedom 
of their race from the yoke of public scorn. 

He is. thoroughly educating himself to enable 
him to take up the gauntlet with any in the realm. 
That he will be a blessing to the colored race in 
America, as Booker Washington is, there seems to 
be no question. He does not cry for sympathy, or 
pose as a martyr, but be rather is ready to convince 
people by the force of sheer logic and sense. He is 
a genuine student of economy, living in the richest 
soil for the economist. 


'29.— Hon. John P. Hartley, who died in Saco, 
October 20th, at the age of 88, was a resident of 
Portland in his early manhood. He graduated at 
the old Saco Academy, and later at Bowdoiu, with 
high honors, in 1829; studied law in the ofiace of 
John and Ether Shepley, and began practice in 
Saco. After a short time he removed to Portland, 
where he was engaged in practice till 1838, in the 

meantime acting as editor for the Eastern Argus. 
He was also connected with the Standard. He 
spoke frequently at political gatherings, and gained 
so high a reputation in this line that his friends 
thought him destined to become distinguished in 
the political world. But his tastes led him in a 
different direction. In 1838 he received an appoint- 
ment to a clerkship in the treasury department at 
Washington, under Hon. Levi Woodbury, Secretary, 
and also during the administration of President Van 
Buren. He was appointed chief clerk in 1863, by 
the late Salmon P. Chase, secretary of the treasury, 
which position he retained till 18G5, when he was 
appointed assistant secretary of the treasury by 
President Andrew Jolinson. Ho continued to dis- 
charge the duties of that office till 1875. Mr. 
Hartley's career iu the treasury department showed 
in what high esteem he was held. Though a Dem- 
ocrat, he was retained in the position of assistant 
secretary through Republican administrations, even 
when sweeping changes were made among the 
officials of the department. Several times he was 
for short periods acting treasurer of the United 
States. He was an intimate and trusted friend of 
Secretaries Salmon P. Chase, William P. Fessenden, 
and Hugh MeCulloch, the last of whom was an hon- 
orary graduateofthecollege. ASaco citizen, who was 
in the treasury during Mr. Hartley's incumbenc}'", 
says that he was marked by a very unusual knowl- 
edge of the affairs of the department, especially of 
the laws and decisions relating to customs, and was 
regarded as an invaluable man in the place. In 
18C9, when the cash room in the north wing was 
built, the name of John F. Hartley, as assistant 
secretary, was inscribed upon it, together with that 
of Hugh MeCulloch, secretary of the treasury. 
While in office, Mr. Hartley was influential in get- 
ting appointments for many Maine men, and there 
are some officials in the department now who owe 
their places to him. He leaves a large estate. Two 
sons survive him. Dr. Frank Hartley, and Attorney 
Edward Hartley, both of New York. 

'50.— Hon. William P. Prye was elected a director 
of the Maine Central Railroad at its annual meet- 
ing, on October 20th. Senator Prye succeeds Mr. 
Payson Tucker as director, while the office of Vice- 
President, also held by Mr. Tucker, was abolished. 

'56.— Major William Henry Smyth of Georgia, 
formerly a Brunswick man, has been recently made 
postmaster of Atlanta. Major Smyth is a son of 
the famous Professor Smyth of Bowdoin College, 
and held a position in the post-office in Harrison's 
administration. He has long been prominent in 



Georgia politics, and was connected with tlie Atlanta 

'60.— A late number of the Illustrated American 
contains an article by Hon. Thomas B. Reed, entitled, 
" A Great Yankee Leader of the Past Generation." 

'68, — Mr. George Langdon Chandler, supervisor 
of nature study in the Newton schools, died Octo- 
ber 6, 1897, at the age of fifty-two years, from a 
complication of diseases. He was born in Water- 
ville. Me., where his early education was obtained. 
Later he graduated at Bowdoin, in the Class of '68. 
He remained here as instructor after his graduation, 
and later became master of the high scliool at 
Franklin Falls. In 1888 he went to Newton as 
instructor in physics in the high school, holding 
this position until 1894, when he became supervisor 
of nature study. He was an exceedingly popular 
man, both in school and about town, and was a 
member of several prominent societies. A widow 
and a son survive him. 

'70. — A Buffalo exchange notes the following: 
"The eighty-five gentlemen who attended the 
meeting of the Westminster Club, last Tuesday 
night, were agi'ced in pronouncing it one of the 
most successful and enjoyable in the club's history. 
Col. Alexander was at his best, and gave a most 
charming talk on Congress, entitled, " A First Ses- 
sion in Congress," a talk replete with reminiscence 
and anecdote, yet presenting a powerful picture of 
the Congress of to-day. Refreshments were served 
in the cafo of the "Lenox," and afterwards an hour 
was spent in social intercourse. Altogether the 
evening was a brilliant inauguration of the season's 

'74. — Rev. Samuel Valentine Cole has been 
elected president of Whoatou Seminary at Norton, 
Mass. Hitherto its Faculty of instruction has been 
under the leadership of a woman. Mr. Cole was 
born in Machias, Me., in 1S5I, and graduated from 
Bowdoin College at the age of 23, leading his class. 
The next year he was tutor in rhetoric here, and 
later, after several years of experience in various 
preparatory schools, returned to his Alma Mater as 
instructor in Latin. A few years after he entered 
Andover Seminary, where he graduated in 1889. 
Returning from study in Europe, a year later, he 
became pastor of the Trinitarian Church in Taun- 
ton, Mass., where he has been very successful. 
Mr. Cole's varied talents have been employed in his 
pastoral and charitable work, and in contributing to 
the Atlantic Monthly, the Andover Review, the New 
England Magazine, and numerous other periodicals. 

'80. — A delightfCd home wedding occurred at 
Freeport, on Tuesday, October 12th, at the home 
of the bride's parents, Mr. and Mrs. Enos Allen. 
The bridegroom was Mr. Walter L. Dane of Keune- 
bunk, one of the most prominent of the junior 
members of the York bai', and the bride, Miss 
Jeanette L. Allen. The ceremony was performed 
by Prof. Henry L. Chapman of Bowdoin College. 
Mr. Francis S. Dane, Bowdoin, '96, brother of the 
bridegroom, acted as best man. After the ceremony 
the wedding breakfast was served, after which the 
bridegroom and bride took the evening train for a 

wedding trip to Boston and other places. Upon 
their return they will reside at Kennebunk. 

'85.— The dictionary definition of Sloyd is as 
follows: A system of elementary training originating 
in Sweden, but introduced, with modification, else- 
where. "The Sloyd work consists of a series of 
manual exercises, carefully graduated in difSculty 
from the simplest discoverable tool-manipulation 
to the most complete kinds of joining. But these 
are embodied in complete and useful objects from 
the outset, and in their character as exercises they 
are carefully veiled from the pupil." At Long 
Beach, Cal., there has been established a Sloyd 
Summer School, of which Professor Howard L. Lunt 
is principal. An exhibition was recently given of 
the work of the school and of its principal, in 
regard to which a Long Beach newspaper speaks : 
"That interest in Sloyd has been awakened was 
made manifest by the number of people which 
attended the exhibition of that useful and fascinat- 
ing study, held on the afternoon of Monday last. 
There were a number of tables arranged in different 
parts of the hall, on which were the finished prod- 
uct of the different pupils, the duration of the 
course being one month. Professor Lunt, who has 
made a thorough study of Sloyd, both cardboard 
and wood, graduated in the former branch from the 
manual training school at Leipsic, Germany, and in 
wood-Sloyd from the Boston training school, besides 
studying the art at Nails, Sweden. Some beautiful 
models and specimens of his own handiwork in both 
branches of the art were on exhibition. The whole 
display included one hundred models in cardboard, 
which Professor Lunt imported from Sweden for 
use in his classes, specimens of his own work in the 
same material while studying at Leipsic, and of 
wood-Sloyd while studying at Boston, and lastly, 
specimens of the work of his pupils, which showed 
a wonderful aptitude." 

'90. — Rev. Henry W. Webb, formerly at Grand 
View, Tenn., is now pastor of the Congregational 
Church at Gettysburg, South Dakota. 

'95.— J. A. Roberts, who last year studied law 
at the Albany Law School, is at present reading 
with his father at Buffalo, N. Y. 

'96. — J. H. Libby has been coaching the foot-ball 
team for the past few days, and his work is most 

'97. — J. G. Haines is spending the fall and 
winter in Albuquerque, New ilexico, where he is 
instructor of German in the University of New 

'96.— Robert Newbegin recently left his home at 
Defiance, Ohio, for Boston, to enter the law school 
of Boston University as a member of the senior 
class. He has already read \That is required in the 
courses of the junior and middle years in his father's 
office at home. 

'97.— Harry D. Lord visited the campus recently. 
He is at work in the Pepperell Mills, Biddeford. 

'97.— Frederick H. Dole of Windham, has 
accepted the position of assistant instructor of Ger- 
man at Bowdoin. He will enter upon his duties 
Januarv 1st. 



Vol. XXVII. 

No. 9. 





Percival p. Baxter, '98, Editor-in-Chief. 

Roy L. Marston, '99, Assistant Editor-in-Chief. 

Frank L. Dutton, '99, Business Manager. 

Thomas L. Marble, '98. 
John W. Condon, '98. 

LUCIEN P. LlEEY, '99. 

Byron S. Philoon, '99. 

Harold F. Dana, '99. 
Fred R. Marsh, '99. 
Hanson H. Webster, '99. 
James P. Webber, 1900. 

Per annum, in advance, ..... $2.00. 
Single Copies 15 Cents. 

Extra copie.s can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Manager. 

liemittances should be made to the Business Man.ager. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Editor-in-Chief. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature wdiich 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Bowdoin Verse Department should be sent 
to Box SI60, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should be sent to Box 94.5, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post-DEBce at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 
Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston. 

Vol. XXVII., No. 9.— November 10, 1897. 

Editorial Notes 151 

Delta Upsilon Convention 153 

Communication 154 

An Undaunted Hero . . . " 155 

Bowdoin Verse : 

Apostrophe to Androscoggin Waters 158 

The Shipwrecked Mariner 158 

CoLLEGii Tabula 158 

Athletics 161 

Y. M. C. A 164 

Personal 164 

College World ..." 165 

The following vote that was passed 
unanimously by the Orient Board at its 
regular fortnightly meeting, last Wednesday, 
is self-explanatory. The question had been 
'presented at a previous meeting, and laid 
upon the table for action in the future. 

Office op the Bowdoin Orient, ? 
Novembers, 1897. ^ 

It is voted, that no student who is a member of 
the Quill Board can also retain a position upon tlie 
Orient Board, inasmuch as it is the opinion of 
the members of the Orient Board, that the interests 
of the college publicatious and the literary life of 
the college can best be promoted and encouraged 
if the two publications, the Orient and the Quill, 
are distinctly separate. 

It is also voted, that those students who at 
present are serving on both boards shall not be 
affected iu any manner by this action. 

After a thorough discussion of this ques- 
tion, it was passed as above stated. 

We hope that our action will be under- 
stood by the college, and that sufficient 
interest will be made manifest to have both 
papers well supplied with undergraduate 
productions, both verse and prose. This in 
no wise prevents any single student from 
contributing to both papers, and it is hoped 
that our intentions will not be misunderstood 
in that direction. New contributors are 
needed, and new contributors before long 



become new editors. With tliis number the 
present volume of the Orient reaches its 
half-way mark, and prospective editors should 
be at work. 

IN another column of the Orient we pub- 
lish a communication from Mr. Henry 
S. Chapman, '91, relating to our athletic 
interests. The letter suggests a complete 
change in our athletic management by 
proposing that a committee of alumni take 
active charge of our various teams. At 
present the undergraduate body has practi- 
cally complete control over sports, notwith- 
standing our General Athletic Committee, 
which numbei's alumni among its members. 

That a revision of our management is 
necessaiy, should be evident to all ; but 
how shall this be accomplished? Mr. Chap- 
man's plan has operated to perfection in 
other institutions, and it seems to the 
Orient that it would here. Undergraduates 
are, as a rule, inexperienced in affairs of 
such importance, and an error of judgment 
at critical times has often ruined a season. 
Added to the lack of mature judgment is the 
evei-present danger of fraternity influences. 
Bowdoin has suffered in the past on these 
accounts, and precautions against a recurrence 
of such misfortunes cannot be too rigid. 

It is for the undergraduates to take the 
initiative in this direction, and as they are in 
control they must surrender their powers to 
others if the plan seems best. The alumni 
cannot assume control of our athletics; we 
must offer it to them. 

Every student at college should give this 
matter serious thought, and when the time 
comes for action to be taken, he should be 
prepared to vote intelligently on the subject. 
We must either continue our present system, 
where we now prosper and now fail, or we 
must change to a condition of affairs where 
everything will tend toward a continuous 
state of prosperity and victory. 

O^UCH a wholesale disregard of college 
f^ property and college rights as was made 
manifest by the Sophomore Class on Hallow- 
e'en should not pass unrebuked by the college 
press. For a band of students to disfigure 
and disgrace the college chapel to such an 
extent as occurred upon the night in ques- 
tion, and for that band to deliberately insult 
the Faculty as well as the upper-classmen, 
was shameless, and too severe criticism 
cannot be passed upon them. 

The idea of blockading the chapel was 
thought to have died a natural death when 
the Class of '99 wiselj' and sensibly abolished 
it. The present Sophomore Class, or rather 
certain members of that class, wishing to do 
something very bold, and not possessing 
sufficient originality to think of something 
new, foolishly raked this obsolete custom 
from its hiding-place and re-instated it, much 
to their discredit. Had the Class of '99 
re-inaugurated the vicious practice of "horn 
concert," abolished by '98, it would have 
taken such a step backward as 1900 has 
recently done. Wlien a senseless and out- 
of-date custom is once abolished, let it 
hereafter so remain forever. 

The members of the class who participated 
in this action were summoned before the 
College Jury. The following morning they 
were publicly reprimanded at chapel, and a 
notice of the same was sent to their parents or 
guardians. In addition to this, these twent}^- 
five students were placed under strict proba- 
tion for the remainder of the college year, 
with the provision that if they again should 
be brought before the Jury, their punishment 
should be more severe. 

It is the opinion of the undergraduates, 
as well as of the alumni, that the time lias long 
since passed when such practices should go 
unnoticed, and also that the sooner they are 
weeded from our midst the better for the 
welfare of the college. 

The young gentlemen in question should 



bear in mind the fact that a public reprimand 
was never before administered at Bowdoin, 
and it is hoped that it may never be thought 
necessary again. 

WHEN a college is forced to cancel a sched- 
uled game with another, it is generally 
customary eithei- to give good reasons for so 
doing, or to allow time for another game to 
be arranged for the date in question. Neither 
of these unwritten rules of sport was ful- 
filled by Massachusetts Institute of Technol- 
ogy recently, when she canceled, last Friday 
evening at six o'clock, her game with Bowdoin 
which was to have been played the follow- 
ing day. Her reason for canceling was that 
a member of her team was disabled. What 
would become of nine-tenths of the foot-ball 
games of the country if every team canceled 
whenever one man was disabled? It is the 
opinion of the Orient that the Tech 
management displayed an unsportsmanlike 
spirit by this action, and as this is by no 
means her first offense, Bowdoin managers 
of the future should be very careful as to 
their terms when planning games with Tech. 
Of all condemnable actions in athletics, that 
of "crawling" is the most so. The safest 
way to insure the stability of a schedule is 
to give and require forfeits. A manager 
thus gains in funds what he loses on account 
of canceled games. 

WHEN a man wears a B. it sliows that he 
is an athlete who has represented the 
college in some recognized athletic contest 
or contests. But when the letters of a class 
are worn upon a sweater it signifies nothing 
but that the wearer is a member of that 
particular class. If a B. denotes a 'varsity 
man, class letters should distinguish a class 
athlete. The same rule applies in both 
cases, and no man should be entitled to wear 
a class sweater who has not earned that 

privilege by having represented his class in 
some recognized contest. There is but one 
class in college that has made any such 
provision, and that is the Freshman Class. 
They have taken a step in the right direc- 
tion, and when they become Seniors probably 
class sweaters will have risen so that they 
mean something. It is too late for the other 
classes to adopt such rules, but the Freshmen 
should hold fast to theirs. 

TTTHE next issue of the Orient will appear 
^ two or three days earlier, owing to the 
Thanksgiving recess. , Contributors and 
editors will please bear this in mind, and 
send their manuscript earlier than usual. 

Delta Upsilon Convention. 

TTTHE sixty-third annual convention of the 
^ Delta Upsilon fraternity was held with 
the Amherst Chapter on the 21st and 22d 
days of October. The delegates were enter- 
tained at the Norwood, in Northampton, a" 
few miles from Amherst. 

Wednesday evening the delegates went 
in a body to Springfield to hear Joseph Jef- 
ferson in "The Cricket on the Hearth," and 
"Lend Me Five Shillings." The fraternity 
colors were suspended from one of the boxes, 
and when Jefferson, in recognition of the 
tumultuous applause, stepped in front of the 
curtain to make a few remarks, he held in 
his hand a bouquet tied with gold and blue 

Thursday was devoted to the ordinary 
business of the convention. Two petitions 
for admittance to the fraternity were pre- 
sented, one from a local society in the Uni- 
versity of Nebraska, the other from a local 
society in McGill University, Montreal. The 
executive council was instructed to investi- 
gate the standing of these societies, and 
report at the next convention. The Phi Rho 



Society at Wesleyan was refused admittance 
to. the fraternity. 

Thursday evening the literary exercises 
were held at Amherst, followed by a " smoke 
talk," at the chapter house, where hospi- 
tality was not lacking. 

Friday a.m. was occupied with business; 
but in the afternoon the delegates, accom- 
panied by ladies from Smith College, which 
is located in Northampton, went on a mount- 
ain, trip to Mount Tom. The trip was 
enjoyed by all. Friday evening was very 
pleasantly passed at Columbian Hall, where 
a banquet was served. Dr. McEwen, Adel- 
bert, '78, presiding as toast-master. Saturday 
morning the delegates left Northampton, 
after saying farewell and cordially thanking 
the Amherst chapter for its kind eiitertain- 

The Bowdoin Chapter was represented 
by W. E. Preble, '98, and F. L. Dutton, '99. 


To the Editor of the Orient : 

Sir: — The situation which was developed iu the 
affairs of the Bowdoiu foot-ball team during the 
early weeks of the present season, has led a good 
many alumni who still retain a deep interest in the 
undergraduate life of the college, to consider very 
seriously whether they cannot be of use in the effort 
to prevent a recurrence of so disagreeable an experi- 
ence. Of course the alumni do, from time to time, 
as they are called upon, sitbscribe such sums as 
they can afford, to the support of the athletic teams 
which represent the college, or to the discharge of 
debts for which the present undergraduate body is 
in no way responsible. 

But financial aid is the least valuable and most 
unnecessary form their loyalty can take. Under 
capable management, and with the proper amount 
of support from the student body, there is no rea- 
son why any athletic team should not be able to 
pay its own expenses. It has been proved again 
and again that it can be done, and it is better for 
the college that it should be done. 

But there are other ways in which Bowdoin 

graduates can render valuable service to the athletic 
teams. A practical example has been furnished 
this fall by several young alumni who were in their 
day members of the foot-ball eleven. After the 
defeats which began the season, and the departure 
of the hired coach, they found time to come down 
to Brunswick, to undertake the coaching and disci- 
pline of the team, and to inspire in the student 
body that virile and vital college spirit which 
seemed to be lacking early in the fall. 

Their example should be followed next year by 
just as many of the younger alumni who have had 
foot-ball experience as can possibly do so. Even if 
they have not been the star performers of the eleven, 
even if only a few days' or a week's time can be 
spared, let then: get back to Brunswick, and help 
to the extent of their powers, in turning out the 
best eleven the college has ever had. The under- 
graduates will respond instantly to their leadership. 
A few graduate coaches on the field and about the 
campus will do more to put life and snap into the 
team and courage and enthusiasm into the student 
body than the highest-priced professional coach in 
the country. It is the return of the old players to 
Yale and Princeton every fall, and the work they do 
for pure love of the college and love of the sport, 
that makes these teams what they are. A similar 
effect, on a smaller scale, can bo produced here at 
Bowdoin by the same means. Doctor Carleton and 
Messrs. Libby, Swett, and Eastman, deserve the 
thanks of every alumnus of Bowdoiu who is con- 
cerned for the healthy success of its foot-ball team. 
Their example is commended to every former foot- 
ball man for emulaticm next year, and to every 
member of the present 'varsity or class teams for 
imitation in the years to come. 

But graduates will hesitate to come back and 
assume the right to direct and discipline the team 
unless they feel that they are the representatives of 
the whole body of the alumni. This leads me to 
suggest another way in which the alumni can be of 
service in the athletic affairs of the college, and 
that is through a graduate committee which shall, 
in connection with the undergraduate managers, 
have direct control over the base-ball, foot-ball, 
and track teams. Such committees have done great 
good elsewhere, and there is every reason to antici- 
pate the success of the experiment at Bowdoin. 

In the first place, it seems impossible at Bow- 
doin, as in most small colleges, to entirely divorce 
the management of athletic affairs from society 
politics. The alumni have all been students at 
some time, and they realize how hard it is for the 



undergraduates to ignore absolutely all questions of 
society connection in the choice of a manager or 
captain, or in the selection of an athletic team. It 
might be much worse at Bowdoin, but there is too 
much of it as it is. The alumni have pretty well 
outgrown the jealousies and rivalries of college life, 
aud the influence of a graduate committee would 
be salutary in the direction of harmony and the 
emancipation of athletic affairs from the confusion 
of society politics. 

Then, too, the wider acquaintance and the busi- 
ness experience of the alumni, could not but be of 
service to the managers in selecting coaches for the 
teams, and conducting the affairs of the various 
associations. Finally, it seeras probable that under 
this system the new and closer relations between 
the graduates and under-graduates of Bowdoin 
would assist in building up a yet stronger and more 
effective college si)irit than esists to-day. 

I have been led into wiiting a much longer com- 
municatiou than I intended, but the ideas which I 
have imperfectly expressed are so generally and 
earnestly held by all the young alumni whom I am 
in the habit of meeting, that I have been embold- 
ened to present them at some length to the Orient. 
lu the practical execution of such a plan it will be 
necessary for the under-graduates to take the 
initiative, since they are at present in complete con- 
trol of athletic affairs. If the suggestion com- 
mends itself to their judgment, I am sure they will 
find the alumni thoroughly in earnest, aud willing 
to do all that lies in their power, as soon as the 
students show themselves ready to accept their 


Heney S. Chapman, '91. 

An Undaunted Hero. 

TV7HAT is more pleasing than a picture of 
^^ ambitious manhood, such as was made 
by Robert Dubois proudlj' marching between 
throngs of admiring and enthusiastic specta- 
tors at West Point? In his right hand he 
held a simple roll of parchment, very similar 
to that which many a student has suspended 
over his desk, and to which his eyes often 
fondly wander. Just such a piece of parch- 
ment was Robert Dubois holding as he 
marched with his class for the last time. 
What innumerable pleasures and sorrows, all 
pregnant with experiences, did this piece of 

paper signify ! What did the future have in 
store for him? Would he make his mark 
before the eyes of his countrymen, or would 
his name on the annals of West Point mean 
no inspiration to future soldier boys? Not 
the latter, for young Dubois felt that he 
would make his mark, and indeed who could 
doubt that, on beholding the flash of his dark 
blue eyes, the determination of his soldierly 
step, and his tall, manly figure, of which 
every muscle was hard and developed. The 
descendant of the best blood of America and 
France, he possessed the courteous chivalry 
of the Virginian, the impetuosity of the 
Frenchman, and the bravery of both. Yes, 
he would apply himself to his life's work, 
and would accept the appointment he had 
been offered in the West. With such thoughts 
surging through his mind he bade adieu to 
his beloved classmates and instructors, and 
left the happy faces and the picturesque 
scenery that had composed his environment 
for the past four years. 

Fort B — , among the Black Hills, was. 
hardly an attractive place, even to the few 
rough pioneers of that district, yet in the 
3'ear 1882, with its palisaded walls, it seemed 
an elysium of retreat, causing comfort and 
peace in many a bosom, for one of those 
memorable Indian outbreaks, which have 
dyed many a page of our history with the 
life-blood of sturdy Americans, was upon the 
verge of explosion. 

The few homes scattered here and there 
had already lodged their most cherished pos- 
sessions within the inviting arms of the fort, 
and by night all within a radius of twenty 
miles would be safely under the protection of 
its homely walls. John Stanwood and his 
aged mother had settled within two miles of 
the fort, but as he was so near, thought 
he could safely remain under the more 
desirable shelter of his home for one night 
at least; but "to-morrow," as he told his 
help, he "guessed as how he had better am- 



bulate to'ards the old fort, as them pesky 
varmints were powerful uncertain," and he 
" allowed " as how he " didn't have no women 
to lose in their bloody picnics." So prepara- 
tions were accordingly made for an early 
departure in the morning. 

At about twelve o'clock on the night of 
that day, the lonely sentinel at the fort heard 
an insistent sound, regular, and becoming 
clearer, until he recognized it as that of a 
fast-ridden horse, coming from among the 
hills on his right. In such hostile times it 
would be exceedingly unwise to ignore such 
an important sound. He glanced at his 
pistols, and grasping his rifle more firmly, 
waited. Soon, from around the hill, a cow- 
pony came at a fearful pace, and upon its 
back the sentinel recognized John Stan- 
wood's hired man, even though his head was 
bound in a bloody rag, and blood had trickled 
down his leathery cheek, drying in ghastly, 
sickening streaks. 

" Halt ! " the sentry shouted. The man 
looked up, giving his steed a lift on the bridle 
that brought the beast onto its haunches, at 
the same time gasping incoherently : 

" Them d red-skins are on the war- 
path, and are giving it to John ! For God's 
sake, get back to the fort like mad and send 
us some help ! " 

In a few moments several companies were 
moving in orderly trot among the hills 
towards the scene of action, leaving several 
families which had taken refuge, a few old 
scouts, and the inexperienced soldiers, to 
guard the fort. 

"Colonel is crazy, to leave the fort with 
only us few," drawled old Jim Cummings, 
renowned for his keen insight into Indian 
trickery, an hour later — " them blasted cusses 
will likely as not sweep down on us and 
raise our hair before colonel discovers the 
trick — and I swan if there they aint," he 
suddenly cried, as a shout rent the air when 
the spiteful snap of the first terrible fusilade 

fell upon the fort. Besides the settlers and 
scouts there were about fifty soldiers, well 
trained in military tactics, but as yet sadly 
unacquainted with Indian warfare. Among 
these was Robert Dubois, homesick and 
wretched, his pride wounded b}' the lack of 
attention shown this young Apollo, fresh 
from West Point. At last he would prove 
to these old veterans the material under his 
much ridiculed white skin, by liis readiness 
and recklessness in sacrificing his life. It 
was a very dangerous mixture of ingredients. 

The bullets were falling like hail upon 
the fort, but all knew it was simply a blind 
to covei' a mad charge which was not long in 
coming. The brave defenders easily repelled 
them at first, but should each following rush 
take five of their number from action, it 
would be but a short time before the fort 
must fall. Another rush was made, and that 
dark mass of savages pressed forward with 
their blood-curdling yells. Suddenly they 
turned their whole force upon the east side 
of the fort, to the surprise of the defenders, 
since that side was almost impregnable on 
account of the cannon, which could mow down 
their ranks with grape-shot. They even col- 
lected under the mouth of these cannon belch- 
ing forth death. A severe shock followed, and 
the warriors sought the shelter of the neigh- 
boring hills with, this time, shouts of joy. Well 
may the defenders tremble, for the Indians 
have spiked their cannon, and on account of 
the scarcity of rifle holes upon that side, the 
enemy can easily make a breach in the wall 
with the powder so kindly supplied by Con- 
gress. The seemingly impregnable fort was 
in a most critical condition, and unless the 
cannon should be freed, or the troops return, 
the defenders' fate, at least, is doubtful. 

By this, his first engagement, Robert Du- 
bois was visibly affected, as his pale face and 
sparkling eyes showed. Oh, for an opportu- 
nity to let these old scouts and unappreciating 
companions see that he would gladly sacri- 



fice all for his country. At last he thinks he 
sees the chance, if, like Sergeant Jasper of 
old, he should leap upon the embankment, 
down On the other side, and calmly free the 
cannon, then return to his companions; how 
they would admire him, and his countr}^ 
would resound with the praises of this mod- 
ern hero. Perhaps his second lieutenant's 
stripes would be changed for a promotion. 
Why weigh the cost? He should be about 
it, as there was no time to be lost. 

He grasped the butt of the cannon and 
in a second had mounted it, then leaping 
upon the stone wall, with a cry of dismay 
from his companions who saw his intentions, 
he jumped to the ground just as the defend- 
ers saw by the early morn the Indians again 
rushing towards the fort. 

The chai'ge was never finished, for the 
boys in blue, after having found the muti- 
lated bodies of the two unfortunate settlers, 
returned in all haste to- the fort, and swept 
down upon the Indians, who fled precipitately 
to the hills. A parting volle}^ of which sev- 
eral shots were fired at the foolish but brave 
boy at the mouth of the now unobstructed 
cannon, «nded the fight. The young soldier 
was carefully and tenderly carried into the 
fort, where the brusque but kind-hearted sur- 
geon cared for him. It was found that several 
flesh wounds had been inflicted, the only 
serious one, however, being on his knee, 
where a bullet had shattered the patella and 
badly splintered the leg bone. 

After several weeks of intense suffering, 
Robert Dubois was able to parade about the 
enclosure of the fort, but only with the help 
of his crutches. Now he had a surfeit of 
admiration, and his bravery and willingness 
to sacrifice his life for his country was undis- 
puted, but in order to obtain this worldly 
recognition he had bartered away his career, 
since his stiff knee made him unfit for 
service in the future. 

It was during the famous presidential 

campaign of 1896, when stump speakers were 

in their glory. The town of C , Ohio, was 

bedecked with flags and bunting, bands were 
playing, and the very atmosphere seemed 
heavy with pent-up excitement. The cause 
of all this was that that unique combination 
of war veterans, who were canvassing the 
country, were to explain the different national 

platforms to the good people of C in their 

town hall that evening. 

The last speaker of the evening was 
announced, and the enthusiastic audience 
hailed him with shouts of applause. He was a 
very young- man, handsome and soldierly. 
In his speech he deviated from the paths of 
his predecessors in that he confined himself 
to no one platform, but spoke of the 
resources of this great and glorious republic, 
and the necessity of true citizenship if we 
would realize the best from our country. 
He finished with an eloquent plea for the 
performance of the suffrage by the people 
of C in such a way that all their fellow- 
citizens may be benefited, and our national 
honor upheld. 'Mid deafening applause he 
bade them a courteous good-night, and as he 
stepped from the stage, assisted by a cane, 
our old friend, Robert Dubois, stood before 
us; neither the Robert Dubois of West Point 

nor of Fort B , jet a man who was surely 

making his mark, albeit not world-wide, but 
as a just and enthusiastic advocate of true 
American citizenship. 

Ground has been broken for Houghton Memorial 
Chapel at Wellesley. 

A new set of rules relating to musical and 
athletic organizations has been published at Brown 
University, with the object of preventing students 
from neglecting regular work, and to discourage 

Governor Black of New York, who is a young 
man in the forties, was a farmer's son and one of a 
family of eleven children, yet he prepared himself, 
unaided, to enter college at eighteen, and graduated 
from Dartmouth at twenty-two. 



Bowdoir^ ^ep§e. 

Apostrophe to Androscoggin 

Thou "beauteous, bounding, busy, boiling stream, 

We must, forsooth, admire thee from afar, 

So grandly splendid in thy winding course, 

So mighty and so ready to lend aid. 

But as a beverage thou'rt a failure. 

Not Hercules, in all his strength array'd, 

Could wrest this firm opinion from our minds. 

Of all the vile impurities which God, 

For some good reason (though to us unknown). 

Saw fit to impregnate this planet with. 

Dear Androscoggin, thou hast sure thy share. 

E'en from Umbagog, unctuous is thy tide; 

The deadly microbe, and the juice of sewers. 

And ev'rything that can be called unclean 

Are cast into thy welcoming embrace, 

Thou scavenger of scum. All that have drunk 

of thee 
Do rue the day when they their epidermis filled 
With such a base affront upon their thirst. 

We love thy music; and despis'd be they 
Who hurl foul epithets at thy fair name. 
We love thee; but our love of life demands 
That, when as a potation thou dost pose. 
Our parched lips, our dry and burning throats, 
Our very souls — all that within us is. 
Rise up in fierce rebellion at the thought. 
Cast but one lingering, longing look at thee, 
Then shun thee as we would mankind's worst foe. 

The Shipwrecked iVIariner. 

Where the swelling of the deep 
Lulls the sailor into sleep, 
While the eddies and the shoals 
Cast their net for human souls; 
And the sparkliug waters blue 
Promise safety, yet untrue; 
There in gaudy painted boat. 
Gayest of all barks afloat. 
Launched a youthful sailor proud; 
As he launched he cried aloud: 
"Ocean blue and ocean wide, 
Ever swept by surging tide, 
Take ye me, and on thy breast, 
Studded o'er with foamy crest. 

Let my bark ne'er cease to sail. 
Laugh at storm and laugh at gale ! 
Hail, ye dwellers of the land! 
Hail, ye bound and servile band! 
By the song Musaeus sings. 
By the joy that Bacchus brings, 
Break away, and live with me 
Lives of endless jollity !" 
Onward far he flies apace, 
Lo! the waters change their face! 
While the surges foam and dash, 
Thunders roll and lightnings flash. 
Roundabout in fiendish glee 
Dance the waves in mockery. 
Now each angry surge in turn 
Shakes the l)ark from stem to stern ; 
Now a thrill, a sudden shock ! — 
She has run upon a rock! 
"Hail! Ahoy!" he cries at last, 
"Life is fleeting, fleeting fast! 
Angi-y tempests threaten me, 
'Neath me yawns eternity! " 
But no human hands avail, 
Now to try is but to fail. 
Bending low the Master heard. 
Stilled the tempest with a word. 
Brought the sailor safe to land, 
Kindly guiding by His hand. 


Mr. Dunning of the Bangor 
Commercial was at Brunswick 
recently. He is the gentleman who, 
as "Linotype," does more to stir up 
hostile and unfriendly feelings between 
the athletic teams of Bangor and Port- 
land than all other sources combined. If he would 
but transfer his efforts from so unsportsmanlike a 
task to the purifying of interscholastic athletics, he 
would deserve the thanks of the public. 
What of chess? 
Thanksgiving, next ! 
The epidemic is on the wane. 
The Quill appears Monday, next. 



Where is the Hare and Hounds Club ? 

Wheeler, '98, was on the campus recently. 

Mandolin rehearsals have been postponed until 

The Juniors should wait aud watch for those 

Photography abounds nowadays, with such 

Smith, '91, was upon the campus for a few hours 

The courses at the Art Building are growing in 

" Sweet are the uses of adversity," should be our 
foot-ball motto. 

The Juniors had their class picture taken for the 
Bugle, last week. 

L. P. Libby, '99, was elected secretary of the 
Orient Board last week. 

Portland vs. Bangor proved a strong attraction 
last Saturday at Portland. 

Bath's Food Fair last week drew some of our 
fellows to the city of ships. 

The Bowdoin College Catalogue for 1897-98 is 
in the hands of the printer. 

Nason and Hills, '99, are studying the mazes of 
the Terpsichorean art at Bath. 

No new station. The present edifice is being 
painted. That tells the story. 

There was quite general interest taken about 
college in the New York elections. 

Professor Chapman last Sunday week spoke at 
chapel on "Public and College Spirit." 

The M. I. T. game was cancelled the night 
before the day it was to have been played. 

Mike Madden, the "genial Mike," has been 
giving several cake-walks among the boys of late. 

Adjourns were granted in German the latter part 
of last week, owing to Professor Files being out of 

Sparks, 1900, who represented the non-frater- 
nity men on the college jury, has resigned that 

The Pythian Sisterhood gave a fair and dance 
week before last, which was enjoyed by some of our 

Acting-President Chapman represented Bowdoin 
at the meeting of the New England colleges at 
Cambridge last week. 

1900's banner at chapel needs starch. 
Bacon, 1900, is at his home in Natick. 
Edwards, 1900, has been sick at home in Boston 
for the past week. 

The Juniors commenced laboratory work in 
chemistry last week. 

The Orient board holds meetings every other 
Wednesday afternoon at its editorial room in Memo- 
rial Hall. 

Blair and Cummings, Specials, of last year, visited 
college recently. They enter the Medical School 
next winter. 

The dance to have been given last week by 
Messrs. White, Gardner, and Bisbee, '98, has been 
idefinitely postponed. 

The foot-ball team was coached by Swett, '92, 
Dr. Carleton, '93, Libby and Eastman, '96. Alumni 
coaches are what are needed. 

A large number of students attended the Colby- 
Bowdoin game at Waterville. They returned a 
sadder but wiser aggregation. 

The third themes of the term were due last 
Tuesday, November 9th. The subjects were : 


1. Should College Property be Taxed? 

2. The Power of the Pulpit in Municipal Keform. 

3. The Lesson of Browning's " Grammarian's Funeral."- 


1. How a College Student Should Spend his Sundays. 

2. Should Party Lines be Drawn in Municipal Politics ? 

3. Hawthorne's "Marble Faun." 

4. Stevenson's " Virginibus Puerisque." 

Professor Little gave an address in Medford, 
Mass., before the Massachusetts Literary Club, on 
" Bibliography,"- last week. 

What a treat it would be if Elliot Hubbard 
could be induced to deliver some of his lectures 
here, while he is touring Maine. 

The great Italian Banda Rossa plays in Bruns- 
wick, Thanksgiving day. It ought to come when 
the fellows are in town if it is after a big house. 

The chapel choir delights in singing "Now the 
day is over" and "Abide with me, fast falls the 
eventide," mornings, before our work is hardly 

The Deutscher Verein held its first meeting of 
this term last Wednesday evening. The following 
officers for the coming year were elected : Vor- 
sitzender, Condon; Schriftwart, Lawrence; Kas- 
senwart, Morson. 



Minott, '98, celebrated his arrival at manhood 
on the evening of November 5th. 

The Library has adopted a new system of serv- 
ing notices upon delinquent book holders. A slip 
is enclosed in each volume bearing the date of limit 
upon it. 

An "Uncle Tom's Cabin" company, with two 
bands, a cake-walk, and real, live bloodhounds, 
numbers among late attractions at the " Opera 

Mr. W. J. Ryan of Portland, the " Old Farmer's 
Almanac Man," is making his fifteenth annual tour 
of the state. Last week he called at the college 
while "doiug" Brunswick. 

The Sophomore Class has elected the following 
men for their Prize Speaking: Babb, Bacon, Bur- 
nell, Chapman, Jordan, Lee, McCarty, McCormick, 
Shorey, Sparks, Webber, and Whitney. 

Hallowe'en was observed by the Sophomores. 
A banner was suspended, but later obscured; an 
attempt was made to blockade the chapel ; and 
President Hyde's summer house was appropriated. 

Professor Woodruff was elected Vice-President 
of the Brunswick and Topsham Choral Society last 
week. To his untiring efforts as President was 
due the success of this chorus at the recent Festival. 

Quite a' delegation of students from the Freeport 
High School visited the campus last week, and 
attended morning chapel. It was rather an unusual, 
yet most welcome, sight to see twenty or more young 
ladies at chapel. 

May Irwin, who was playing in Portland the 
week of the Maine Festival, preferred watching the 
foot-ball game between the Bowdoin Sophomores 
and Portland High School to attending one of the 
afternoon musicals. 

The '99 Bugle is progressing. Promises of an 
early appearance are being made. For the past 
hundred years, more or less, such promises have 
been made, however. A smile will be pardoned. 
'99 always was ambitious ! 

Rehearsals have begun for the new opera, " The 
Idyll of the Mill." The composer is Mr. Leavitt, 
who also composed "The Frogs of Windham" and 
" The Charter Oak." Several college men are to be 
connected with its production. 

Rather an unfamiliar sight was to be seen upon 
the campus last Sunday. Three brindle cows wei'e 
making themselves very much at home about the 
Art and Science Buildings. A stranger might have 
mistaken us for " the farm," or U. of M., so-called. 

The number of books taken from the library 
during October was 923, an average of 30 a day. 
The greatest number taken on any one day was 87, 
on Monday, the 1 1th. The record for the same 
month last year is 755, which shows an increasing 
interest among the students in reading. 

One of the foolish escapades of Hallowe'en was 
the tampering with the chapel organ. Several stops 
were removed, the pedals were disconnected, and 
the organ in general was bothered. A tuner from 
Portland has been sent for to thoroughly overhaul 
the instrument, the joke being that the Sophomores 
pay the bills. 

Godfrey, '99, in a strength test according to the 
Sargent method, the other day, showed a total 
strength of 1716.2. This breaks the best Harvard 
records. Merrill of Yale stands ahead of Godfrey, 
but Harvard men do not wholly allow his mark, 
claiming that more than the required time was 
taken to complete the test. Godfrey is 19 years 
of age, stands 6 feet 4 inches, and weighs 206 

A contemporary publication recently displayed 
its ignorance of affairs of state in commenting upon 
the Polynesian collections of " His Excellency," 
Hon. Harold M. Sewall of Hawaii, at the Art Build- 
ing. The publication in question was disturbed at 
the phrase " His Excellency," evidently forgetting 
the fact that every United States minister to a 
foreign country is addressed and spoken of as " His 
Excellency," the title accompanying the oflBce. 

Professor Robinson attended the annual meeting 
of the American Public Health Association at Phil- 
adelphia. Last year, at Buffalo, Professor Robinson 
introduced his lamp ; this year he read a paper on 
"Formicaldehyde;" and next year, at Ottawa, Out., 
he will report further. The success of his lamp has 
been unprecedented, and scientific men on both 
sides of the Atlantic are using it to-day. The " ic" 
has been dropped from the name, so that now it is 
more pronouncable. 

The College Jury met and organized on the 
evening of October 28th, as follows : '98, C. D. 
Moulton; '99, W. L. Thompson; 1900, C. S. Brag- 
don ; 1901, W. M. Warren ; A A <J>, A. B. White, '98; 
^ T, H. R. Ives, '98 ; A K E, P. P. Baxter, '98 ; Z -f, 
F. A. Thompson, '98; 9 A X, R. M. Greenlaw, '99; 
A T, L. D. Jennings, '99; Non-Fraternity, F. M. 
Sparks, 1900. C. C. Phillips, '99, was elected to the 
vacancy caused by Sparks resigning. White was 
chosen foreman, and Ives, secretary. 





A game bas been definitely arranged with the 
University of Maine for Saturday, November 20th, 
at BruDSwicli. Managers Webster and Young have 
made all arrangements, and the last game of the 
season m\l be played at the home grounds a week 
from next Saturday. 

Colby, 16 ; Bowdoin, 4. 

Sixteen to four v^as the score by which Colby, 
for the first time in her foot-ball history, defeated 
Bowdoin. The weather was just cool enough; the 
grounds moist, but not badly so, a good wind being 
the only objectionable feature. A delegation of 
University of Maine students were present,' ''root- 
ing" with vigor for Bowdoin. 

The game was highly interesting. Rice's 65, 
Alden's 34, and Kendall's 25-yard runs, Stanwood's 
and Rice's punts, and Moulton's touchdown from 
the kick-ofl", were plays which brought forth the 
greatest enthusiasm. 

The style of the game used by the two elevens 
was very similar, and both teams put dash and 
vim into their games, and every man entered the 
plays with determination. After the first few minutes 
the play of the Colby team was very effective. 
Bowdoin's defense was good at first, but gradually 
weakened, and her offensive play became ragged, 
her interference going to pieces rather easily. The 
following figures may be of interest: 

BowDom.— Yards rushed, 111; number of rushes, 32 
average rush, 3 1-6 yards; yards kicked, 275; number of 
kicks, S; average kick, 35 5-8 yards; ball lost on downs, 4 
ball lost on fumbles, 0; average weight, 157 pounds. 

CoLEY. — Yards rushed, 344; number of rushes, 64 
average rush, 5 3-8 yards; yards kicked, 142; number of 
kicks, 4; average kick, 35 1-2 yards; ball lost on downs, 3 
ball lost on fumbles, 1; average weight, 154 pounds. 

That neither team was penalized speaks well for 
the players. A tendency to " hold" was noticeable, 
but made no material difference in the outcome. 
In detail the plays follow: 

Bowdoin won the toss, choosing the westerly 
goal, having the grade and the wind in her favor. 
Scannell's kick-off was caught and advanced 25 
yards by Stanwood to the 35-yard line. After three 
short rushes, Stanwood punted to the center. Seven 
rushes gained Colby but 20 yards, and the ball went 
to Bowdoin on downs. Stanwood punted to Colby's 

45-yard line. Ten rushes carried the ball but 20 
yards, and Colby kicked to the 15-yard line. Five 
rushes advanced the ball 12 yards, and Kendall 
went around Cotton for 28 yards. A few short 
plunges, and Stanwood got clear of the end for 10 
yards, but Colby held for downs on her 33-yard line. 
After gaining seven yards on four rushes. Rice was 
given the ball on a trick play, which he executed 
to the sura of 65 yards, eluding Stanwood, and 
landing the ball four yards from the goal line before 
being brought down. Two rushes put it over, and 
Brooks kicked a hard goal. Score, 6 to 0. 

Stanwood kicked off, sending the ball across the 
goal line. It was followed by Alden, who stood 
watching it roll along when Moulton, who had fol- 
lowed the kick, fell on it and claimed a touchdown. 
It was some -time before a decision was reached, 
but the claim was allowed under rules 5 (a), 17, and 
3. On the punt out it was claimed by Colby and 
allowed that Moulton advanced beyond his mark, 
therefore Bowdoin had no try at goal. Score, 6 to 4. 

On Colby's kick-off Clark received the ball 
on the 15-yard line and passed it to Stanwood, 
"who punted to Colby's 50-yard line. Bowdoin 
received the ball on downs at her 40-yard line, 
but was forced to punt, the half ending with the 
play; Colby's ball on her 45-yard line. Time 
was now called for the first half, with the score C to 
4 in Colby's favor. 

The second half opened with a rush. Bowdoin's 
kick-off was received on the 20-yard line and carried 
back 17 yards before downed. Kendall fell on 
the ball for Bowdoin on a fumble near the centre 
of the field. Colby held for downs and punted to 
the 35-yard line. She then held for downs and 
rushed the ball to within two yards of a touch- 
down, chiefly by her "guard's back" play. Here 
Bowdoin made a rally and held for downs. Stan- 
wood punted to the 28-yard line. It took Colby 
three rushes to make her second touchdown, 
which Rice made on the same trick played earUer. 
The score, 12 to 4. 

Bowdoin's kick-oft' fell on the 25-yard line, 
and once again a Bowdoin forward fell on the 
ball. Bowdoin was unequal to the task of advanc- 
ing it, gaining but two yards on three downs, the 
nearest she came to Colby's goal line, except as 
above related. Colby carried it steadily over 
18 chalk marks, Alden making a run of 35 yards 
around left end behind splendid interference, 
scoring her third touchdown just as time was 
called. No goal. Score, 16 to 4. The game was a 
surprise to Bowdoin in more ways than one. Cloud- 



man, Veazie, and the backs played the best for 
Bowdoin. Every Colby man played well. 
The line-up : 




Left End. 



Left Tackle. 


Brooks (Capt.) 

Left Guard. 






Right Guard. 



Right Tackle. 



Right End. 




Moulton (Capt.) 


Left Halfback. 



Right Halfback. 





Umpire, Dr. Edwards. Referee, Cobb. Linesmen, J. 
C. Minot, Bowdoin; J. B. Gibbons, Colby. Touchdowns, 
Moulton, Rice, Alden, Brooks. Goals, Brooks 2. Total 
score, Colby, 10; Bowdoin, i. Time, 20-minute halves. 

Bowdoin, 64; N. E. C, 0. 

Wednesday, October 27th, Bowdoin played New 
Hampshire College, on the Wbittier field, and the 
result was all that could be asked. Bowdoin kicked 
off to New Hampshire's 15-yard line, and Calder- 
wood made five yards before he was downed. Then 
Bowdoin took the ball on downs. McMillan and 
Cleaves each tried hard to get the ball, as Jen- 
nings tried a new pass which resulted in a loss 
of seven yards. Then Moulton decided the old 
way was good enough. Mcilillan made 10 yards 
and Cleaves five, with seven yards for a touch- 
down. Ives ploughed through and in three minutes 
from the kick-off Bowdoin had scored six points. 

N. H. C. kicked off to Ives on the 12-yard line, 
who carried it to the 30. Then by straight foot- 
ball, mostly end plays in five downs, Merrill made 
Bowdoin's second touchdown. Ives again kicked 
the goal. After this McMillan made a fine run of 
30 yards, was tackled and badly bruised, so Kendall 
was put in his place. 

N. H. C. kicked off 40 yards to Merrill, 1900, 
who rushed it 20 yards with splendid interference. 
Ives made 12 yards through a big hole of Merrill, '98's 
making. Then Kendall carried the ball to N. H.'s 
35-yard line. Here Veazie took the ball around left 
end and made a beautiful run of 35 yards for a 
touchdown. They had played hardly eight minutes 
and Bowdoin bad 18 points. 

N. H. C. kicked to Kendall on the 16-yard line, 
and Calderwood tackled on the 40-yard line. 
Gregson and Merrill carried the ball to the 42-yard 
line and there the pigskin again fell to the lot 
of Kendall, who carried the ball 58 yards for a 
touchdown. Score, Bowdoin 24, N. H. C. 0. 

Calderwood kicked off to Ives on the 15-yard 

line and Ives ran 13 yards. Then Merrill made 25 
yards. Ives and Kendall took the ball to the 20- 
yard line and Merrill again made 15 yards. The 
New Hampshire boys now took a hard brace and 
held Bowdoin within their five-yard line for two 
downs, when Ives rushed through for a touchdown. 
Ives failed at goal, and the score stood Bowdoin 28, 
N. H. C. 0. 

Calderwood kicked off to Ives again on the 
15-yard line, who carried it 20 yards. Then Mer- 
rill made a pretty dash of 25 yards, which Ives 
followed with 15 yards. Kendall carried it to 
the 20-yard line. Merrill made 10 more, and Albee 
picked up Ives in his arms and carried him across 
the goal line. Ives failed at goal. Score, Bowdoin 32. 

Calderwood again kicked 35 yards to Kendall, 
who made 15 yards. Merrill made 20 more. Then 
the tackle back signal was given, and Merrill, '98, 
made a good line gain, followed by a 25-yard gain 
by Ives through right tackle. Kendall again took 
the ball, and just as he was downed the time-keeper 
cried "five seconds more to play," but Ives made 
his sixth touchdown. Then Ives kicked a goal, and 
the score stood 38. 

In the second half, Cleaves took Merrill's place 
at left halfback; Wilson, Veazie's place at right end; 
and Minard, Kendall's position at right halfback. 

N. H.C. kickedoff to Albeeon Bowdoin's 30-yard 
line. Albee fumbled a bit, but went ahead for a 
dozen yards. Cleaves then made a pretty run of 
30 yards, which was duplicated next play by G-reg- 
son, who carried the ball to within three yards, of 
the goal. Then Cleaves took the ball across, and 
Ives kicked the goal. Score, 44 to 0. 

Calderwood's kick-off of 40 yards was punted 
back by Ives to the middle of the field. N. H. C. 
made a yard in two downs, and then attempted to 
punt, but was blocked so that the kick went straight 
up in the air and came into Ives's arms on the 40-yard 
line. Cleaves made 15 yards, and Minard a like 
distance. Gregson lost five on a fumble, but Ives 
regained it. Then Minard and Cleaves took it to the 
six-yard line and Ives made a touchdown and kicked 
the goal. Score, 50 to 0. 

Ives made a splendid punt of over 60 yards iu 
returning N. EI. C.'s kick-off. They tried to punt, 
but Gregson broke through and stole the ball, and 
was on their yard line when Umpire Pierce called 
them back for off-side play and gave the ball to 
N. H. C. again, but they lost the ball on downs, 
with two yards' gain. With a few short center 
plays, by Ives and Minard, the ball went to the five- 



yard line, and Minard made a touchdown through 
tackle and end. No goal; score, 54 to 0. Minard 
was hurt a trifle and Clark, 1900, was put in. 

The next touchdown was a repetition of the 
others, mostly end and tackle plays. Clark and 
Cleaves made some fine gains, and Ives his eighth 
touchdown, while Clarke, 1900, kicked agoal. Score, 
60 to 0. 

N. H. C. kicked to Clarke on 15-yard line and 
Clarke came near getting by Calderwood for a 
touchdown from kick-off, but was pulled down by 
his arm. Cleaves made 25 yards, Ives eight, and 
Clarke went through the center for a touchdown. 
Clarke failed to kick a goal. Score, Bowdoin 64, 
N. H. C. 0, with one minute to play. 

Ives caught the kick-off on the 20 yard line and 
carried it to the 45-yard line ; then Gregson made 
a pretty dash to N. H.'s 30-yard line. Ives now 
went through center to the 15-yard line, and the 
ball was almost in play when time was called. 
This finished the game with the largest score made 
on Whittier field. The line-up was as follows : 

Bowdoin. N. H. C. 

Gregson. Left End. Hunt. 

Veazie. j 
Wilson, j 
Moulton. ) 
Hadlock. ( 
Merrill. ) 
Cleaves. ) 
McMillan. 1 

Mfnffd!" \ R'gl't Halfback 

Clarke, 1900. .1 

Ives. Fullback. Calderwood. 

Touchdowns— Merrill, Minard, Clarke, Cleaves, Ives 8. 
Goals from touchdowns— Clarke, Ives 7. Umpire — T. L. 
Pierce, Bowdoin. Referee— Demerit, N. H. C. Lines- 
men— Clarke, Bowdoin, '99; audGrover, N. H.C. Halves, 
20 minutes each. 

Tufls, 20; Bowdoin, 8. 

Again Bowdoin's team suffered defeat at the 
hands of Tufts. The game was played at Medford, 
Saturday, November 6th, and was hard fought 

Bowdoin did not show up in anything like the 
form that was expected. The right side of her line 
was weak, though the center was almost impreg- 
nable. The redeeming feature of her play was 
the superb punting of Clark and the tackling of 
F. Merrill. 

Bowdoin won the toss and chose the wind. 
The ball changed hands twice, and Bowdoin got it 
ou the 50-yard line. Clark went through the center 

Left Tackle. 

Left Guard. 

Right Guard. 
Right Tackle. 

Right End. 


Left Halfback. 










for several short gains, and Merrill circled Tufts's 
right end for 15 yards. Ives went around left end 
for a touchdown. Clark failed at goal. Score, 
Bowdoin 4, Tufts 0. 

Tufts kicked off to the 20-yard line. Tufts held, 
and Clark kicked to Tufts's five-yard line. Goddard, 
Carpenter, and Maddocks worked the ball to the 
20-yard line, and finally, Goddard was pushed over 
for a touchdown. Phillips failed at goal. Score, 
Bowdoin 4, Tufts 4. 

Bowdoin seemed to lose heart at this point, and 
was forced to play entirely on the defensive. Moses 
made a splendid 60-yard run, behind interference, 
to Bowdoin's 20-yard line. Goddard went through 
for Tufts's second touchdown, and Phillips kicked 
the goal. Score, Tufts 10, Bowdoin 4. 

On the next kick-ofif Clark, for Bowdoin, sent 
the ball on a long, low course, straight at Almeida, 
who failed to stop it, and it rolled behind the line, 
where Veazie fell on it for a touchdown. Clark 
again failed at goal. Score, Tufts 10, Bowdoin 8. 

In the second half Tufts played an even faster 
game. Avery blocked the ball from the kick-off, 
■and Tufts had it on her own 45-yard line. Succes- 
sive rushes around Bowdoin's right end netted 
Tufts a third touchdown. P. Merrill tackled the 
runners almost every time, and seemed to play the 
whole game for Bowdoin. Pbillips again kicked 
the goal, and the score was 16 to 8. 

Fi-oin the kick-off Tufts worked the ball from 
its own five-yard line past the centre of the field, 
and a trick play sent Maddocks over again on a 45- 
yard run. No goal. Score, Tufts 20, Bowdoin 8. 

At this point Almeida gave way to Phillips, who 
was in turn replaced by Wells. Tufts got to Bow- 
doin's three-yard line, where Bowdoin held for 
downs just as time was called. Moses, Maddocks, 
Goddard, and Robinson played well for Tufts, and 
for Bowdoin, Clark, Ives, and Jennings excelled. 

The summary: 




Left End. 



Left Tackle. 



Left Guard. 






Right Guard. 

( Spear. 

1 Eames. 


Right Tackle. 


Phillips. I 
Wells. 1 

Right End. 


Almeida. ( 
Phillips, i 



Maddocks. j 
Moses. j 


I Ives. 
( Merrill. 




Score- Tufts 20. Bowdoin 8. Touchdowns— Ives, God- 
dard 2, Moulton, Maddocks 2. Goals from touchdowns- 
Phillips 2. Umpire— Knowlton, Bowdoin. Referee— Dr. 
Holmes of Somerville. Linesmen — Barron of Tufts and 
Smith of Bowdoin. Time— 20-minute halves. 



Professor Chapman addressed the Y. M. C. A., 
Sunday afternoon, October 31st. Professor Chap- 
man began his discourse by quoting the famous 
statement of Bismarcls's, to the effect that a third 
of the students in the German universities go to 
the dogs, a third ruin their constitutions by over- 
application to study, and the remaining third govern 
Europe. The ruinatiiui of so great a percentage of 
the selected youth of Germany seems a very great 
price to pay for the success of the remainder. What 
is true of German students is true, though to a less 
degree, of the students of American educational 
institutions. It is true that an alarmingly large 
number of the college students of the present day 
are "going to the dogs." If there are young men 
here at Bowdoin who have shown such a tendency, 
the undergraduates of the college are best able to 
help them resist temptation. Professor Chapman 
closed by saying that the Y. M. C. A., by its influence 
and example, should strive to lead young men to a 
life of truth and morality. 

A song service was held at tbe Y. M. C. A. rooms, 
Sunday afternoon, November 7th. The meeting 
was well attended. 

'41 —The Orient has 
'received a pamphlet enti- 
tled, "Memoiial Addresses on the 
Life and Character of Henry Ingalls." 
These addresses were presented before the 
Supreme Judicial Court of Maine, for the 
County of Lincoln. Among them were several by 
Bowdoin men: Hon. Rufus K. Sewall, '37; 0. D. 
Castner, '79; and Emerson Hilton, '91. Judge 
Andrew P. Wiswell, '73, presided. 

'49.— At the annual meeting of the American 
Antiquarian Society, held recently at Worcester, 
three new members were elected. Among these 
was Hon. Joseph Williamson of Belfast, Me. But 
two Maine men have ever been admitted, Hon. 
Joseph Williamson and Hon. James P. Baxter, Hon , 

'87. Mr. Baxter wa.'i admitted several years ago, 
and at the recent meeting was elected a member of 
the council of the society. This society is one of 
the most important in the country, and includes men 
of science and letters throughout the world. 

'61. — Charles G. Atkius, of the United States 
fish hatchery at Craig Brook, visited Rangeley and 
vicinity during tbe summer with a view of estab- 
lishing a government hatchery there. The investi- 
gation was made in answer to a special request of 
United States Senator William P. Frye, Bowdoin, 
'50. Mr. Atkius, in his report to the United States 
flsh commissioner, said that the places examined 
presented very little encouragement for the estab- 
lishment of a profitable fish hatchery. 

'65. — Rev. J. Ellsworth Fullerton, pastor of the 
Congregational Church at Bellows Falls, Vt., died 
October 27th from injuries received by falling down 
stairs. Mr. Fullerton was born at Readfield, Me., 
July 4, 1843. He was graduated from the Bath 
High School in 1861. Upon his graduation from 
Bowdoin he was recalled to teach in the same high 
school. Later he was engaged as principal of the 
boys' fitting school at Hallowell, Me. He after- 
wards attended the Andover Theological Seminary, 
from which he was graduated in 1873. He was 
pastor of churches in Southbridge, Mass., Laconia, 
N. H., Hopkinton, Mass., and Brighton, Mass. 
From the latter pastorate he came in 1890 to the 
First Congregational Church of Bellows Falls. 

Non-'75. — The Brunswick Telegraph printed the 
following: " This week tbe sad tidings have reached 
us of the death in Mexico of Frank Lane Furbish, 
aged fortj'-eight years. Mr. Furbish was born in 
Brunswick, and lived here until about twenty-five 
years ago. In the early seventies he entered 
college, and was a member of tbe Psi Upsilou 
Fraternity. The death of his parents, however, so 
changed his plans that he left college and went out 
west, and later to the city of Mexico, where he 
was engaged in active busiuess at the time of his 
sudden illness, which so speedily terminated in his 
death. Those of us who had the privilege of 
knowing Mr. Furbish can strew his grave with the 
most fragrant flowers that can spring from the 
memory of a beautiful life. He was a man upright 
and generous in all his dealings, a devout church- 
man, and a loyal friend. One who knew him from 
boyhood up, says of him, 'Frank never had an 
enemy.' This was from no weakness on his part, nor 
from any lack of the positiveness that at times 
antagonizes some individuals against a good man. 



He had no enemies, for he himself .lived in love 
towards all men." 

76. — Professor Charles D. Jameson, formerly of 
Bangor, who has been in China the past six years, 
has been connected as civil engineer with some of 
the largest railroads in the Chinese empire, and has 
been given precedence over engineers from England, 
Germany, and France. He has been personally 
interested in numerous enterprises of great magni- 
tude, and has brought about the importation of a 
large number of the locomotives of the Baldwin 
manufacture to be used on the Chinese railroads. 
In Tien Tsin, one of the larger cities of the 
empire, is a system of artesian wells, the establish- 
ment of which was due to the efforts of Professor 
Jameson. Pure water was unknown in that city 
until the system was inaugurated. It is thought 
that Professor Jameson is the person connected 
with the Jameson-Hooley syndicate, which has 
just made a loan of $80,000,000 to the Chinese 

'78.— H. C. Baxter recently underwent an oper- 
ation for appendicitis at his home in Brunswick. 
Dr. Seth C. Gordon of Portland performed it. 

'78. — It is rumored that Hon. James T. Davidson, 
a leading lawyer, bank president, and business man 
of York, is among the candidates for Governor to 
succeed Governor Powers at the end of his term. 

'82.— The wedding of Hon. Edwin U. Curtis, 
ex-Mayor of Boston, and Miss Maud Waterman of 
Thomaston, Me., took place at Chicago on October 
28th. Miss Waterman is a daughter of a promi- 
nent shipbuilder of Thomaston, and is well known 
in Boston society. The ceremony was performed 
at the residence of the bride's sister, Mrs. Jesse 
E. Hall of Chicago. 

'85. — In the recent Massachusetts elections, Mr. 
John F. Libby of West Medford was elected to tlie 
House over his Democratic opponent by 638 votes. 
Mr. Libby was born in Richmond in J 863. He 
graduated from Bowdoin iu J 885, and, after exten- 
sive law reading, was admitted to the bar in 1890. 
He was principal of the Waldoboro High School for 
two years, of Bridgton Academy for a year, and 
was for some time with Attorney-General Littlefield 
in his law office. Until recently. Air. Libby was a 
member of the law firm of Hanly & Libby, Boston, 
but a few months ago the business was dissolved, 
and since then Mr. Libby has conducted an office of 
his own. While in college, Mr. Libby was a member 
of the Orient Board. 

Hon., '85. — Chief Justice Peters is now at the 
Carney Hospital, South Boston, where he is recov- 

ering from the effects of a painful operation. On 
October 19th, Dr. Derby extracted a cataract from 
one of his eyes. The Chief Justice, in a note which 
he dictated, said: "The operation unexpectedly 
proved to be a critical one. On removal of the 
bandages, however, to-day, the indications are that 
the result will be a good one; still the amount and 
quality of sight which I shall get out of it cannot 
be exactly known for some time yet, thoroughly. 
The prospect is an encouraging one." 

'89.— Clarence L. Mitchell has been re-elected 
and has entered upon a new year as principal of 
the Wareham, Mass., High School, a position he has 
filled to great acceptance for the past half dozen 

'92. — T. H. Gately, Jr., was elected president of 
the Law Students' Club of Portland, last week. 
F. H. Haskell, '95, was elected treasurer. 

'95.— George H. D. Foster is at the Columbia 
Law School of New York City. Last June he was 
admitted to practice before the New York Bar, and 
is now pursuing his courses at the university. 

'96.— Fessenden and Pierce are studying law at 
New York, the former with Dayton & Swift, and 
the latter with Ed. J. Garegan and at the New 
York Law School. 

'97.— Rev. Hugh McCullum delivered an address 
upon "Neal Dow as a Philanthropist," at Waldo- 
boro recently, where memorial services were held ■ 
for the late prohibitionist. 


Dartmouth, Eckstorm; Wesleyan, Young; Yale, 
Rodgers; Brown, Fultz; Holy Cross, Shannahan ; 
Bates, Pulsifer ; Syracuse University, O'Day; Har- 
vard, Cabot; Colby, Brooks; Bowdoin, Moulton; 
W. P. L, Booth ; M. A. C, Beaman ; Williams, Lotz ; 
Princeton, Cochrane; Lehigh, Gunsolus. 

Through the generosity of an alumnus, the 
athletic field of Wesleyan University is to have 
Improvements to the extent of $30,000. 



Ex-President Cleveland has been elected a mem- 
ber of the Nassau Club of Princetou. 

Professor Pickering, director of the observatory 
at Harvard University, has lately devised an attach- 
ment to a photographic telescope of such a nature 
that eiglit photos can be exposed without disturb- 
ing the telescope. 

There is a plan now under consideration to con- 
solidate Harvard University and the Massachu- 
setts Institute of Technology, which would make 
one of the largest universities in the world, with a 
total of 6,000 students. 

At a recent meeting of the student body at 
Williams it was decided to put the management of 
athletics in the hands of a committee of nine, com- 
posed of three Faculty, three alumni, and three 
undergraduate members. 

A company of students, graduates, and instruct- 
ors in Harvard University and Radcliffe College, 
assisted by ladies of Boston and Cambridge, will 
present Racine's " Atbalie" in the original French, 
at Sanders Theatre, on the evenings of December 
6, 8, and 10. 

The supreme court has decided a suit brought 
against the city of Providence by Brown University, 
for the recovery of taxes paid under protest, in 
favor of the university. By this decision all prop- 
erty of the university is exempt from taxation. 
The city maintained that only the college grounds 
and buildings proper could be exempted. 

The following gifts, exceeding one million dol- 
lars, have been given by individuals to educational 
institutions: Stephen Girard to Girard College, 
$8,000,000; John D. Rockefeller to Chicago Uni- 
versity, $7,000,000 ; George Peabody to various 
foundations, $6,000,000; Leland Stanford to Stan- 
ford University, $5,000,000; Asa Packer to Lehigh 
University, $3,500,000 ; Charles Pratt to Institute 
of Berkeley, $2,000,000; Paul Tulane to Tulane 
University, New Orleans, $1,500,000; Isaac Rich to 
Boston University, $2,000,000 ; Jonas G. Clark to 
Clark University, Worcester, Mass., $2,000,000; the 
Vanderbilts to Vanderbilt University, $1,775,000; 
James Lick to the University of California, $1,000,- 
000; John C. Green to Princeton, $1,500,000; Wil- 
liam C. DePauw to DePauw University, $1,500,000; 
A. J. Drexel to Industrial School, $1,500,000; Peter 
Cooper to Cooper Union, $1,200,000 ; Ezra Cornell 
and Henry W. Sage to Cornell University, each, 
$1,000,000; Presiden^Low to Columbia, $1,000,000. 
—Prin cetonian 








Address aU orders to the 


Lewiston, Maine. 



Vol. XXVII. 

No. 10. 




Percival V. Baxter, '98, Editor-in-Chief. 
Roy L. Marston, '99, Assistant Editor-in-Chief. 
Frank L. Dutton, '99, Business Manager. 
Thomas L. Marble, '98. Harold F. Dana, '99. 
John W. Condon, '98. Fred R. Marsh, '99. 

LuciEN P. LiEEY, '99. Hanson H. Webster, '99. 

Byron S. Philoon, '99. James P. Webber, 1900. 

. $2.00. 
15 Cents. 

Per annum, in advance. 

Single Copies, 

Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Manager. 

liemittances should be made to the Business Manager. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Editor-in-Chief. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Bowdoin Verse Department should be sent 
to Box 960, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should be sent to Box 945, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post-OEBce at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 
Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston. 

Vol. XXVII., No. 10.— November 24, 1897. 

Editorial Notes 167 

Communication 170 

A Friend's Treachery 170 

Bowdoin Verse : 

Ad Fontem Molliter Fluentem 172 

Father Time's Soliloquy 172 

CoLLEon Tabula 173 

Athletics 176 

Y. M. C. A 178 

Personal 178 

In Memoriam 180 

Wednesday noon, when for three or four 
days the college will be vacated and the 
wheels of education will be given a much- 
needed rest. For ten weeks the college has 
been in session, and the students will gladly 
welcome a breathing space, even though it 
be short. The coming days of rest should- 
be profitably spent in recreation, so that 
when college re-opens all may be fully rested 
and well prepared to commence the strenuous 
efforts which usually precede the final exam- 
inations. The present term has slipped by 
with lightning speed, and few can realize 
that but tliree solid weeks remain. We 
should stop and think if pur time has been 
profitably spent and if we have accomplished 
as much as we might have. Retrospection 
is of great advantage when occasionally 
employed, and now is the time when it can 
be brought into effective use. 

As has been stated again and again, it is 
the duty of every student to so bear himself 
during the holidays that Bowdoin may be 
respected, and any slurs upon her fair name 
should be blotted out by conduct rather 
than words. 



0UR foot-ball season has come and gone, 
and we may now review it as a whole. 
It may be said that the season has been the 
most uncertain one we have j^et undergone 
in our gridiron history, as surprises, both 
pleasant and unpleasant, have been the order 
of the day. We invariably have done the 
least expected, and failed to do that which 
appeared the most probable. From the day 
when Bates, for the first time in the history 
of Maine foot-ball, defeated us, to the second 
and last game with Colby, when it was 
clearly shown that she was in no respect 
superior to Bowdoin, we have at times been 
happy and at times despondent. Of the 
eight games, we have won two, lost five, and 
tied one, and, although the record is not a 
particularly glorious one, it is by no means 
dishonorable. The spirit shown by the team 
in its defeats has been remarkable. Not a 
word was said advocating disbanding ; not 
a man thought of giving up; but each went 
ahead determined to play until the end. 
And play they did. The last game of the 
season was sufficient to offset the entire 
series of defeats. Bowdoin showed her 
sportsmanlike qualities by sticking to the 
game and finishing strong; where many a 
team would have given up in disgust, Cap- 
tain Moulton and his men fought to the end, 
and covered themselves with honor by playing 
the game of their lives against Colby. 

The season opened with a defeat by 
Bates — a most unlooked for occurrence, and 
one as yet unexplained. Contrary to gen- 
eral expectation, a remarkabl}' fine game was 
plaj^ed against Harvard, and nothing but 
praise was given the team. Then followed 
a half-hearted victory over Exeter, two 
defeats by Tufts and one by Colby. In 
none of these games did the team biing 
itself much credit, playing good but not 
winning ball. Nevertheless, if a team 
plays its best, it really makes but little 
difference, from a philosophical standpoint, 

whether defeat or victory result, though 
to win is much more agreeable. The 
one bright star amid these gloomy defeats 
was the New Hampshire College game, when 
touchdowns flowed as freely as Androscoggin 

Passing these sad experiences, let us 
glance at the game of last Saturday. Never 
a more confident team trod upon a field than 
Colby, and never a more desperate team than 
Bowdoin. From the start, Bowdoin held 
her own against every play and trick that 
Colby could think of, and the result was that 
neither side scored. Several years ago Bow- 
doin would not have been so elated over 
such a result. There is no reason, however, 
why other Maine teams should not play foot- 
ball, and they do, as has been demonstrated. 

Every member of the team, from Captain 
Moulton to the substitutes, is to be congrat- 
ulated for having finished the season so well. 
The team has been well captained both by 
Captain Spear and later by Captain Moulton, 
and they have produced the best team pos- 
sible under the circumstances. An unfort- 
unate choice was made witli regards our 
coach, but such misfortunes cannot alwa3^s 
be guarded against. 

The management has been all that could 
be desired, and no pains have been spared to 
make the season a financial success. The 
report of Manager Young will appear in the 
next Orient, and it will then be known 
as to the season's financial outcome. The 
manager has conducted the team upon busi- 
ness principles, and if our teams of the past 
had all been so conducted, we should be free 
of debt to-day. A losing team is much 
harder to manage than a victorious one, and 
grumblers always will be found; neverthe- 
less these grumblers are the very men who 
are willing neither to help nor to hold their 

Bowdoin to-day stands as honorable as 
ever in foot-ball, and it but remains for the 



team to elect a suitable captain, and the 
college a business-like manager; then we may 
feel confident that the team of 1898 will 
prove itself worthy of the name of Bowdoin, 
as the teams of previous years have done. 

TPHAT real interest is being taken by 
A Bowdoin alumni in our proposed athletic 
reforms is shown by their communications, 
Vidiich have appeared and are appearing in 
our columns. They have carefully watched 
our teams during the past few seasons, and at 
last have awakened to the fact that something 
should be done, and now they are prepared 
to do that something. 

Mr. Henry A. Wing, '80, has a commu- 
nication in another column which seconds 
Mr. Chapman's letter of our last issue. 
The alumni are ready to act, and we believe 
the student body is, so that now something- 
should be done. Our alumni are as patriotic 
and loyal as alumni of other colleges, and 
they will do all in their power to further our 
athletic as well as other interests. 

The recent vote of the Faculty, that no 
games should be arranged by class teams 
without the consent of the regular Faculty 
committee that passes upon our 'varsity 
schedules, is a step in the right direction. 
We may now hope neither to see nor to hear 
more of those class teams that have brought 
only discredit to the college. No games 
should be allowed unless a strong team is 
assured, and whenever such a team is ready 
and willing to play, it should be encouraged 
to arrange games with the prominent fitting 
schools of the state. 

WITHIN the past year the college has 
offered a new course to the student 
body, namely, that of art instruction at the 
Walker Art Building. These courses are 
under the personal supervision of Professor 
A. B. Currier, who devotes two entire days 
each week to his department. The impof- i 

tance of this work cannot be over-estimated. 
Every man who wishes to be well-rounded, 
who wants to be able to judge a work of art, 
or who intends pursuing this branch more or 
less in after life, should embrace the splendid 
opportunities offered. Individual instruction 
is given, and the pupil's work is suited to 
his ability and the time at his disposal. Next 
term, drawing from life is to be taken, and 
it is expected that the classes will be much 
enlarged, as this branch is much more inter- 
esting than plain cast drawing. The college 
has shown its liberality and progressive spirit 
in establishing these courses, and the student 
body must surely appreciate these efforts in 
their behalf. We have in our midst a small 
art school, the equal of many of the profes- 
sional schools of the country, and there is 
every reason to believe that it has come to 
stay. When such movements enter quietly, 
and step by step force their way to the front, 
they generally become permanent; whereas, 
a great splurge and splutter denote weakness, 
and are indicative of probable failure. The 
art courses began in a modest way, but each 
term has brought more and more students, 
until now their future is assured. 

^PHE new Business Manager comes to his 
■*■ duties fully conscious of the financial 
standing of the Orient. The business of 
the Orient changes hands so often that it 
is highly important that its accounts be kept 
as accurately as possible; and a strenuous 
effort will be made to have the financial 
affairs of the present volume adjusted by 
the time the last number appears. In order 
to do this, however, the Manager must have 
the active support of the student-body. 

In the past few years the financial attitude 
of the students towards the Orient has 
reflected much discredit upon all parties 
concerned, while the backing which they 
have given shows a great lack of apprecia- 
tion of the benefits of a college journal and 



of the arduous duties connected with its 
umnagement. But we nve loth to believe 
that the undergraduates of Bowdoin College, 
when brought face to face with tlie fact that 
the management of a^college publication is 
a business matter, pure and simple, will 
withliold their hearty co-operation in making 
the Orient a financial as well as a literary 

To the Editors of the Orient : 

IT was with much interest that I read the 
communication signed by Henry S. Chap- 
man, '91, in the Obibnt of November 10th. 
I know that the plan of having a committee 
from the alumni who shall co-operate with 
the undergraduate managers- of the base-ball 
and foot-ball teams, is one which would meet 
with hearty accord from the members of 
Bowdoin alumni. 

Recently I have had occasion to converse 
with several members upon this point, and 
the consensus of oj^inion is that, had there 
been such a committee this season, some of 
the disagreeable features of recent foot-ball 
history would have been avoided. 

A plan which has been proposed is this: 
That a committee of three from the alumni 
should be appointed for the purpose of con- 
sultation with the undergraduate managers 
in matters pertaining to the sports of the 
college. And it ha,s been suggested that 
should that committee be residents of the 
state, less expense, and more ready response 
to the needs of the college, might follow. 

Necessarily, this committee should be 
vested with full powers to act, or to decide 
questions of importance, or their usefulness 
would be too limited to be of practical value 
to the college. Such a committee as has 
been proposed would be valuable not only 
in ways already suggested, but could, when 

necessary, act as a committee to solicit money 
from the alumni. 

Although personally I agree with Mr. 
Chapman in his statement that sports at 
Bowdoin, when placed upon a proper footing 
and conducted under proper business meth- 
ods, would be self-supporting, there will 
always be occasions when it would be desir- 
able to raise money for matters connected 
with athletics, outside of the regular and 
natural income. 

Should the undergraduates wish for the 
assistance of such a committee appointed 
from the alumni, it is of course necessary 
that the undergraduates take the initiatory 
steps. And perhaps it might be feasible 
for the undergraduates to hold a mass-meet- 
ing, for the expression of opinion as to 
whether or no the alumni committee is 
desired. If the question is decided in the 
affirmative, the students can then put the 
matter in proper form for presentation to 
the alumni at their annual meeting next 

It is eminently important, however, in 
the minds of many of the alumni, that a 
committee should be appointed, as soon as 
practicable, from the alumni of the four 
colleges of the state, who shall act as a 
board of arbitration to finally settle differ- 
ences which may arise between the athletic 
teams of the different colleges. 

Henry A. Wing, '80. 

A Friend's Treachery. 

TITHE great ocean liner "City of Paris" is 
-■■ about to begin her lonely voyage to Eng- 
land. About her curving gang-plank are 
thronged numerous parties of separating 
friends; but somewhat apart from these 
stand two that it will be our interest to 
notice, a young man and a young woman. 

The young man, Valentine Slierwood, is 
going abroad for a year to study ; his com- 
panion and fiance, Ethel Boyd, meanwhile is 




to polish her musical education, and other- 
wise fit herself for the wife of a popular 
young barrister. 

The bell rings, the gang-plank is cleared, 
parting injunctions are freely exchanged, 
handkerchiefs wave, and the monstrous 
steamer puts to sea. 

The year has passed. Valentine Sher- 
wood has, utilized every moment in prepar- 
ing himself for his chosen career. He stands 
once more on his native shore, yea, on the 
very spot where he parted from his dear one 
only a year ago ; but where is she whose 
fond farewell so effectually soothed the pang 
of their separation ? 

After a few weeks of separation a certain 
coolness gradually became detectable in the 
young lady's letters, closely followed by an 
accusation against Sherwood's honor. Pride 
never permitted him to refute the lies and 
treachery told by his bosom friend, which 
were all fabrications to win his sweetheart, 
and finally a newspaper notice, announcing 
"the broken engagement of Mr. Valentine 
Sherwood and IMiss Ethel Boyd," destroyed 
any remaining hope of reconciliation. 

Man is a creature of ambition ; and, even 
though the disappointment of love may 
occasion most bitter pangs, his nature leads 
him into the bustle of the world to seek 
fame and honor. Therefore, when Sherwood 
receives an offer to manage an extensive 
mining plant in Colorado, he grasps the 
opportunity most eagerly, hoping the busy 
life may teach him to forget his sad experi- 
ences with the fickle goddess. 

Three years in managing the " Silver City 
Mine," together with a claim of his own, fills 
Sherwood's coffers with a respectable amount 
of wealth ; in fact, the interest alone on the 
principal, judiciously invested, will provide 
him with a sumptuous living. Three years 
have also wrought a change in the man. He 
is continually possessed by a craving to for- 

get, to cast from his thoughts the plans 
and the companions of his young manhood. 
To do this he will enter almost any path of 
life, be it what it may. 

A desire for a change of both scenes and 
actions moves Sherwood to resign his office 
and seek new surroundings. As a ship- 
wrecked and hopeless man, he determines to 
plunge into the tide of pleasure, perchance 
in the whirl of dissipation, hoping to drift to 
a more contented state of mind. 

Sherwood fits up rooms most elegantly in 
Chicago, purchases an ample stable, engages 
servants; he joins a swell club, the members 
of which account him "a mighty fine fel- 
low." And now to live! To live like the 
gods ! Will his scheme reap success? 

As Sherwood is lounging in the sumptu- 
ous rooms of the "Bachelor's Club," one 
stormy winter night in Januaiy, surrounded 
by warmth and comfort, a cigar between his 
lips and the 'Outing before his eyes, he is 
disturbed by a "beastly telegram," which 
reads: "Come to M — Street station at once- 
Very important. A. S. T." 

What any one can want of the swell Mr. 
Sherwood in the toughest part of the city at 
eleven o'clock at night is beyond the conject- 
ure of either Sherwood or his friends ; but 
a smack of adventure about the thing induces 
him to seek an explanation. 

The police sergeant, as he ushered Sher- 
wood into the station, informed him that a 
reporter, who had just received a death 
wound in a raid upon a gambling den, wished 
to see him at once, and, owing to the few 
minutes of life remaining, Sherwood had 
better hurry into the room. 

In the dimness Sherwood makes his way 
to the lonely death-bed; a spark of sympathy 
rises in his heart at the abrupt summons of 
the unfortunate to his Maker; a feeling of 
awe and of his own unworthiness gradually 
possesses him. The dying man's eyes are 
closed, and his heavy breathing, intermingled 



with groans, shows that he suffers. Sher- 
wood bends over him, and a flash of recogni- 
tion immediately lights up his countenance. 
The man's face carries him back many years 
to his happy college days, to the days when 
he planned and worked to be a man ; the 
treachery of his college chum for the moment 
is forgotten as he looks upon his face, once 
so beloved, and now drawn by the pain of 
his death wound. A groan escapes Sherwood 
as Alfred Thorpe opens his eyes. 

" Valentine Sherwood ! My old friend — 
is not my punishment most just ?" 

" Alfred Thorpe, can you call me a friend, 
you who have — " began Sherwood, but 
Thorpe interrupted him. 

"Listen — I-am-going," the dying man 
said. "She-knows-my- treachery; she-never 
could-have been mine ; my falseness she dis- 
covered; since — life has been a hell to me. 
Valentine, go to -her; promise me-quick ! 
Ah! you promise-thanks-thanks-. How-I 
have-wronged my-dearest friend ; is not my 
retribution just? May God bless-you and 
her-forever; can you forgive-Val,-can-you? 
It-will-make - me-niuch - happier. Thank 
you-most generous of you, -you always- 
were so-, that-pain ! I-am-going,-Val — ! " 

Sherwood placed his friend's hand in his, 
and on bended knee sought forgiveness for 
his own shameful life. 

Several months later a member of the 
" Bachelor's Club " was most amazed to read 
the following paragraph in an odd newspa- 
per he had chanced upon : " We learn that 
Mr. Valentine Sherwood and Miss Ethel 
Boyd, who entered into the bonds of matri- 
mony last Wednesday evening, will spend a 
month in Colorado, where the bridegroom 
passed several years of his younger days. 
The united couple anticipate taking up their 
residence on Manhattan Island, where Mr. 
Sherwood will practice his chosen profession 
of law." 

Bowdoir^ ^ep§e. 

Ad Fontem Molliter Fluentem. 

Fountain, thou crystal deligbt, that hath birth, 
Soft flowing, from out of the bow'ls of earth, 
Dispenser of blessings by day and by night, 

All careless of poverty, riches or might, 

Beside thy sweet waters, on banks green with moss, 

1 rest my worn body, and to the winds toss 

The cares and the sorrows that would me oppress, 

Forgetful of all things in thy soft caress. 

I free my pent fancies to pictures and dreams, 

And care not that each cannot be what it seems. 

I looli on thy surface unruffled by wrath ; 

I see there the glory of life's aftermath : 

The image of azure thy waters reflect 

Is like the sweet image of heaven's aspect. 

The image the soul ever fondly doth hail. 

Though seeing but darkly as through a dim veil. 

I look in thy bosom, so deep and so clear; 

I see there the beauty that death bringeth near, 

The freedom from cares and the struggles of life, 

The peace and the quiet, the rest from all strife. . 

Fountain, my fancies from running on thee 

Are turned to that Fountain of all purity. 

That Fountain of mercy, that Fountain of love. 

That God who has syraboled Himself by the dove. 

The Ruler of justice, the King of all grace, 

Whom we at the judgment shall see face to fiice. 

And Fountain, in turning, I give thanks to thee, 

For thou wast the cause that hath brought Him to me. 

Father Time's Soliloquy. 

I smile in my sleeve when I hear mortals boast 
About their accomplishments, feeble at most. 
For in all of their vict'ries to which they refer 
I do more than half or they'd never occur. 
There's " training the lightning" and " tying down 

And thousands of things of which human minds 

Their wondrous inventions and triumphs in rhyme, 
But what could they do if they didn't have Time t 

The family doctor looks wise as a sage 
When aching limbs torture, or hot fevers rage. 
He scratches his head, saying "I've done my best, 
And Nature and Time must accomplish the rest." 
And many a task which these mortals would do, 
And have it all done in a moment or two 



(Drying paint, raising wheat-cropsor locating crime) 
Must await my best pleasure, because it takesTime." 

So I, Father Time, claim a certain degree 

Of the credit and glory wbate'er it may be. 

They may brag of their genius, their learning and 

But these without me wouldn't help them a bit. 
'Tis a maxim much used in all manner of storm, 
"Time and Perseverance will wonders perform." 
"Time will tell," say these mortals, and upward 

they climb 
As they never could do if they didn't have Time. 

How the Freshmen cele- 
brated their victory ! The class 
yell was given on the field and then they 
all adjourned to the campus. The bell 
was rung for an hour or two by willing 
hands, while others built an enor- 
mous bon-fire, using "the Sophomores' doors" for 
the purpose. "Phi Chi" resounded from fifty 
Freshman throats, and the fire was constantly fed 
by the happy victors. No Sophomores were to be 
seen, save for an occasional straggler who dared 
face the storm. For the first time in years the 
Freshmen held full sway without hindrance, and it 
is needless to say they enjoyed the novelty. 
Philoon, '99, is ill at his home. 
Gym. next ! What visions of bliss ! 
Hamlin, 1900, is back in college again. 
The first snow fell last week, but did not remain 

The Reading-Eoom should be warmed nowa- 

Wignott, '99, has returned to college after a long 

Sophomore French is reading "Le Eomantisme 

Before long the exodus of student teachers will 

Professor Robinson has been granted a patent on 
his new lamp. 

The Freshmen recently decorated the chapel 
with a giddy banner. 

Pierce, '98, ofiiciated at the Bangor-Portlaud 
game, also Bates, '96. 

The Seniors had a mid-term examination last 
Monday in chemistry. 

Quite a delegation of Colby men came down to 
see the game Saturday. 

Mr. Poulteney Bigelow is to lecture November 
20th. All should attend. 

The Freshmen enjoyed several adjourns to Pro- 
fessor Woodruff last week. 

There was a candy sale at the Congregationalist 
vestry one afternoon last week. 

Baxter, '98, officiated as organist last Thursday 
and Friday in Libby's absence. 

A meeting of the Prohibitionists of the college 
was held at Memorial, on the 17th. 

What has become of our Republican Club? It 
should not be allowed to grow rusty. 

The Debating Society has been forced to omit a 
meeting or two on account of illness. 

It was rumored that a member of the Class of 
'96 was engaged to a Bath young lady. 

The foot-ball picture and election of captain is 
taking place at Webber's this afternoon. 

-During the illness of the rector of Grace Church, 
Bath, Webber, 1900, acted as lay reader. 

A good deal of interest was manifested among 
the students in the Harvard-Yale game. 

The Sophomore Prize Speaking will be held this 
year on Thursday evening, December 16th. 

The Senior Geology Class was given an exami- 
nation last Thursday upon their term's work. 

The Quill arrived Tuesday. The present board 
of editors have bat one more issue to publish. 

E. H. Willis has inaugurated a system of deliver- 
ing his work from the Globe Laundry of Portland. 

Baxter, '98, and Briggs, ,'99, started last Friday to 
attend the A K E convention at Chicago next week. 

The Deutscher Verein held a "gesang" Tuesday 
evening and practiced several German student 

Good spirit was shown at the under-class- 
men's foot-ball games. The customary rushes were 

The Juniors who elected English Literature, 
after having completed "The Age of Pope," are 



now to take up a work called " The Beginnings of 
the Romantic Movement." 

A massive Norwegian desk, made from carved 
oak, has been placed in the Boyd Gallery of the 
Art Building. 

The Bugle editors are hard at work, and it may 
appear by Commencement. This is rather a stale 
joke, however. 

Why is not that lantern ever used in chapel? Is 
it merely for ornament and to make one think of 
what might be? 

M. J. Madden's famous "Sitting Bull" cane was 
on exhibition in the room of Merrill, '98, the day of 
the Colby game. 

Webster, '99, who has been at home in Portland 
some week or ten days, returned to the campus the 
first of the week. 

Polo is on again, and the games are being fought 
out at the dinner table, now that foot-ball is fast 
becoming history. 

A set of new outside doors and a new bell rope 
are among the improvements which have been 
made in the chapel recently. 

Why don't some enterprising individual peddle 
coru-cakes and soda throughout the ends, evenings'? 
There would be big money in it. 

A pen and ink drawing by Du Maurier, the 
author, was framed last week at the photographer's, 
and is to be placed in the Art Building. 

Glee Club rehearsals are held nearly every after- 
noon nowadays in the Modern Language Room, 
Memorial Hall, where a piano has been placed. 

It is rumored that President Hyde will not 
come back to college at once upon his return, but 
that he is to remain at Harvard for a little time. 

The Geology Class may be interested to know 
that Mount Vesuvius began to erupt on November 
11th, and since then has been increasing in 

A recitation or two was 'recently missed by the 
underclassmen, owing to "scraps" in general. There 
was some difhculty about forcing an entrance to 

The papers still harp upon the impurities of 
Androscoggin water, and speak of the " terrible 
epidemic " that prevailed. This is all very true, 
but nevertheless a bit old. 

The Italian Red Band plays here Thanksgiving 
Day afternoon. If the few Bowdoin men in town 
that day attend the concert, they will hear some 

great music. It is one of the best organizations in 
the world. 

"The Walking Delegate" was the attraction at 
the Town Hall, Monday evening, and the students 
attended in goodly numbers. Standard attractions 
always draw the students. 

The new chapel door is fine with its elaborate 
handle. We would suggest that the donors be 
allowed to put a plate on it. It is not every class 
that gives the college such a present. 

University of Maine after all cancelled her Bow- 
doin game because her team could not stand the 
long training. They must have been anxious for 
a game. Actions speak louder than words. 

Mr. P. S. Mooney, representing C. H. Nason of 
Augusta, was at 15 A. H., November 11th and 12th, 
with a fine line of samples of tailoring woolens, 
ready-made suits and overcoats, and gentlemen's 

Among some interesting manuscripts recently 
presented to the library, is a Fourth of July oration 
delivered to the members of the Freshman and 
Sophomore classes in J 818 by the late Rev. Dr. T. 
T. Stone, then a lad of seventeen. 

Professor Robinson gave a very interesting 
account last Saturday to the Juniors who take 
chemistry, of his recent trip to Philadelphia. He 
spoke in general of the work that has been accom- 
plished by the Public Health Association, and in 
particular mentioned several subjects which were 
brought up at the meeting for consideration. The 
talk was enjoyed very much by all the class. 

The Sophomores held their "Turkey Supper" 
on the evening of the llth, and it proved a most 
successful affair. They were a bit careless and 
spilled their gravy on the Art Building steps, which, 
being limestone, absorbed it. No damage was done, 
however, though the entire class asked pardon of 
the Faculty for their carelessness. Whether or not 
it will be granted is as yet undecided, or at least 

On Thursday and Friday evenings "The Idyll 
of the Mill," a comic opera of colonial times, was 
presented at the Town Hall by Brunswick and Bow- 
doin talent. Mr. Leavitt, who came here to drill 
the participants, is the composer not only of this 
work but also of the "Charter Oak," given last year, 
and " The Frogs of Windham," given two and three 
years ago. William T. Veazie played the part of 
Jack Knowlton, ward of the usurer, and Charles 
G. Willard that of the Minute-Man of Lexington. 



In the chorus were Messrs. Varney, Sinkinson, 
'Pierce, Adacos, Drake, W. B. and A. W. Clark, and 
W. L. Thompson. 

Among the new books of especial interest which 
havebeen received lately at the library is a serie.s 
called "The Babminton Library of Sports and 
Pastimes." The work is an English one, edited by 
the Duke of Beaufort, and comprises some twenty- 
three volumes. These treat minutely of foot-ball, 
tennis, golf, cycling, bunting, yachting, and many 
other pastimes of a like nature. 

The Orient has been requested to publish the 
following quotation. No comment is necessary, for, 
if true, it speaks volumes for itself: 

"Col. J. G. Woolley, in his speech at the Neal 
Dow banquet in Boston, quotes the following address 
of the presiding officer of the Ohio Liquor League, 
at its annual meeting: 

' The success of our business is dependent largely 
upon the creation of appetite for drink. 

' Men who drink liquor, like others, will die, and 
if there is no new appetite created our counters will 
be empty, as will be our coffers. Our children will 
go hungry, or we must change our business to some 
other more remunerative. 

' The open field for the creation of this appetite 
is among the boys. After men have grown and 
their habits are formed, they rarely ever change in 
this regard. It will be needful, therefore, that 
missionary work be done among the boys, and I 
roake the suggestion, gentlemen, that nickels 
expended in treats to the boys now will return in 
dollars to your tills after the appetite has been 
formed. -Above all things, create appetite.' " 

The interest of our oldest alumni in the welfare 
of their Alma Mater is often brought forcibly to 
one's attention. Recently Isaac McLellan, Esq , the 
only survivor of the Class of 1826, a friend as well 
as a contemporary of Longfellow, and a writer 
whose contributions to literature have found a place 
in every anthology of American verse, sent a hun- 
dred volumes of current fiction to the library. A 
few days later he supplemented this with a gift of 
$100, to be used in completing sets of American 
literature which may be incomplete. 

The Bath Independent does the students an 
injustice when it says: "Bowdoin boys are longing 
for the Maine Water Works to again let in Andros- 
coggin water — to give them an excuse for drinking 
beer." The consciences of the students are not so 
pliable as all this might imply. The Independent 
probably tried to be funny, but when Bowdoin 
wishes beer she drinks it, whether Androscoggin 
water or Nequasset water is in the pipes of the town. 

Not a drop more beer is used at college when 
Androscoggin water is "on" than when Paradise 
or Pine Spring is used. We have not reached our 
second childhood yet. 

The first regular meeting of the term of the 
George Evans Debating Society was held November 
9th, in the Modern Language Room. The pro- 
gramme for the evening consisted in a piano solo 
by L. P. Libby, '99, and in the regular debate. 
The subject for discussion was, " Resolved, that 
municipalities in the United States should own and 
operate plants for supplying light, water, and sur- 
face transportation." The principal disputants 
were : On the affirmative, Bisbee, '98, and McCarty, 
1900; on tbe negative, Burnell, 1900, and Rumery, 
J900. The nest meeting is to be held on Tuesday 
evening, November 23d. The subject for discussion 
is, "Besolved, that church and college property 
should be taxed." All are cordially invited to attend. 

Professor Robinson gave a very pleasant "rab- 
bit" to the members of the foot-ball team at his 
laboratory on Tuesday, the 16th. He told them 
that he wished to congratulate them upon the spirit 
of adhesiveness which the team displayed from 
beginning to end. He spoke of the efforts of the 
team and how they had done their best under most 
discouraging circumstances. Each and every mem- 
ber of the team and Dr. Whittier and Mr. Bryant 
were in attendance. The evening was pleasantly 
passed. Professor Robinson also spoke of tbe happy 
ending of the season, which compensated for previ- 
ous defeats. This was decidedly an innovation and 
was greatly appreciated. The teams of the college 
need such friendly encouragement, and Professor 
Robinson deserves the thanks of the entire college, 
as well as of the team. 

The University of Illinois has just completed a 
new library building at a cost of $75,000. 

A number of Harvard students were arrested 
recently for playing golf on Sunday. 

Tbe Faculty of Wesleyan have excused the 
foot-ball players from attending all three o'clock 
recitations during the remainder of the season to 
allow extra practice for the Thanksgiving day game 
with Brown at New York. 

President Eliot, during a recent meeting of the 
New England Association of Colleges and Schools, 
spoke favorably of a three years' course, and said 
that the hope of America depends upon such a 
reduction from the present time of thecollege course. 




A summary of the foot-ball games shows that 
Bowdoiu has scored 98 poiuts, to her opponents 88. 
Bowdoin won two games, tied one, and lost five. 
The list is: 

Bates 10, Bowdoin 6. ' 

Harvard 24, Bowdoin 0. 

Exeter 0, Bowdoin 10. 

Tutts 18r Bowdoin 6. 

N. H. C. 0, Bowdoin 64. 

Colby 16, Bowdoiu 4. 

Tufts 20, Bowdoin 8. 

Colby 0, Bowdoin 0. 

Bowdoin, 0; Colby, 0. 
For the second time this season Bowdoin and 
Colby met on the foot-ball field. The game was 
played Saturday, November 13tb, on the Whittier 
Athletic Field, and was the cleanest, most scientific 
game ever played on a Maine gridiron. ' Colby 
expected to find Bowdoin no stronger, at least, 
than when she defeated her at Waterville, but she 
was mistaken and, moreover, out-played at every 
point. In the first half Bowdoin especially showed her 
superiority, gaining 167 yards to Colby's 80. Bowdoin 
was also much stronger on the defensive, and held 
Colby for downs more than twice as many times as 
did Colby hold Bowdoin. The game was very 
unsatisfactory to Bowdoin supporters, inasmuch as 
we did not win, but at the same time it was a very 

\ creditable ending to a disastrous season. 

\ Brooks kicked off at 3.15 o'clock, to Clarke, 

on the 15-yard line. Clarke returned the ball to 
Colby's 45-yard line and Veazie downed Rice in his 
tracks. Alden tried to advance arouud the left 
end, and lost five yards. Then Brooks took the 
ball himself with Scannell behind him and the 
three-backs -in tandem behind Scannell. This 
mass of beef plunged at Spear, who held them 
for a yard's gain. Again the same play and at the 
same man. This time they gained three yards. 
Again Brooks charged, but this time his career was 
stopped with a foot gain, and the ball was Bowdoin's 
on downs. 

Moulton gave the ball to MerrilLto go between 
Rowell and Cotton. Nearly ten yards was the 
result. Then Clarke went at the center, but the 
line failed to make a hole. Spear was hurt and was 
replaced by Merrill, '98, whose place at tackle was 
taken by Wiggin. Putnam broke through and 
downed Kendall the next play. Merrill failed to 
gain the distance, and it was Colby's ball. 

Putnam was sent through Stockbridge for a 
short gain, and Rice duplicated it in the same place. 
But the next time Putnam tried it he made about 
an inch. Then Brooks adopted the old tandem 
play and banged three times at guard and tackle 
without success, and it was Bowdoin's ball on 
Colby's 35-yard line. 

Clarke made a couple of yards between Putnam 
and Buneman. Moulton then signalled for a punt, 
and Clarke sent the ball sailing down to Colby's 
six-yard line. Veazie made a splendid sprint down 
with the ball and tackled Rice for a loss. Brooks 
wasted no time now, but arranged bis battering- 
ram and tried every point in the line, making short 
gains every time, just enough to save them the ball. 
Cotton made five yards, however, through a tackle 
.hole. With the ball on Colby's 50-yard line and 
the Colby rooters wild with joy, Brooks got through 
between Fames and Stockbridge, and things looked 
dubious. He drove down the field for 15 yards, and 
had Merrill, who looked small beside him, been 
pushed away. Brooks would have had 50 yards of 
clear field. Merrill ran and dove at his knees. 
Brooks fell, while Bowdoin went wild and Colby 
stock fell again. The Bowdoin line braced. 
Three times Brooks gave the signal for " formation," 
and three times Bowdoin stood firm. 

With the ball on Bowdoin's 40-yard line (the 
nearest that Colby got to Bowdoin's goal in the first 
half), Moulton sent Clarke for a gain through tackle. 
Then the ball was given to Kendall, and before any 
one knew what was up he had made 25 yards 
around the end. On the third down Clarke punted 
to Colby's three-yard line and Veazie again hap- 
pened to be around when Rice caught the ball. 

Alden was tried again on an end play with the 
same success that followed Colby whenever she 
tried Bowdoin's ends. Time was called on Colby's 
five-yard line. 

The second half was a repetition of the first half, 
except that operations were carried on more in 
the center of the field. Clarke kicked off to Colby's 
20-yard line, and Stanwood and Veazie had Rice 
almost in his tracks. Colby rushed the ball in 
savage plunges for 20 yards, and was forced to punt. 
Rice punted 35 yards to Stanwood, whom Cotton 
pulled down easily. Cotton waited till Stanwood 
bad caught the pigskin, and then dove magnificently 
into space while Stanwood was wiggling along for 
five yards. Kendall made the distance and P. Mer- 
rill added a couple of yards and Clarke four more, 
and so on to Colby's 35-yard line, where Putnam got 
the ball on a fumble, the first fumble in the game. 



Brooks made two yards and Putnam four. Then 
Cotton with the assistance of Hook made 15 yards 
around the end. Once again the tandem play was 
tried, but the required five yards were wanting 
and it was Bowdoin's ball, only to go to Colby again 
on downs. 

Here Brooks tried the double pass play that 
brought the touchdowns at Waterville, but Clarke 
was not caught napping and Colby lost Ave yards. 
Rice then punted behind the Bowdoin goal line. 
Clarke punted from Bowdoin's 10-yard line to the 
forty-flve yard line and Kendall downed Rice after 
a little sprint. 

Colby made 15 yards by tandem plays and lost 
the ball on downs. 

The very first down Merrill fumbled and Colby 
got the ball. But Colby was unable to gain in two 
downs when time was called. 

The following is the line-up : 
Bowdoin. Colby. 

Veazie. Right End. Cotton. 

Wggiu. '^^' I ^^S^' Tackle. Kowell. 

ftferriil. } ^'Sh* Guard. Soannell. 

Jennings. Centre. Allen. 

Cloudman. Left Guard. Brooks. 

Stockbridge. Left Tackle. Putnam. 

Clarke, 1900. Left End. Buneman. 

Stanwoocl. j Quarterback. Hooke. 

Merrill. Right Halfback. Rice. 

Kendall. Left Halfback. Alden. 

Clarke, '90. Fullback. Towne. 

Score— Bowdoin 0, Colby 0. Umpire— Dr. Cobb (Wes- 
leyan), Gardiner. Referee— Prof. John H. Bates, Colby. 
Linesmen — H. H. Chapman, Colby; Ralph M.Greenlaw, 
Bowdoin. Time-keepers — Perry, Brown; McFadden, 
Colby. Time— 20 and 25-minute halves. 

Freshmen, 6 ; Sophomores, 0. 

The annual Freshman-Sophomore ganne on the 
17th, i^roved to be one of unusual interest. It was by 
far the cleanest and most sportsmanlike game of inter- 
class foot-ball that has been seen here for years. Both 
teams played to win, and at times it appeared as 
though neither side would score. The Freshmen, 
nevertheless, played decidedly the better game, 
both on the offensive and defensive. 

The grand-stand was black with students, all 
eager for the fray, when the two teams trotted upon 
the field amid shouts and cheers. The weather was 
perfect, from the players' standpoint, though a bit 
raw for the spectators. 

. Captain Chapman won the toss and took the 
wind. Leighton kicked off to Sparks, who was 
downed, with no gain, on the 25-yard line. The 
Sophomores started with a rush and advanced the 
ball steadily. Chapman circled right end for a 

short gain, Babb made four yards through the 
center, and Merrill and Clarke gained the required 
distance. Dana broke through and tackled Chapman 
for a loss of a yard, and on the next play Merrill made 
a run of 15 yards, being brought down by Palmer. 
After several rushes the ball went to the Freshmen, 
Merrill having held Snow in the line. Bod- 
well and Cloudman gained two and four yards 
respectively by the guards-back formation. Lafer- 
riere then made five yards through the center. 
The ball went to the Sophomores after four downs, 
but was soon .regained by the Freshmen on downs, 
owing to several fine tackles by Hill. Gregson 
gained several yards by a "dive" play, and this 
was followed by short gains by the guards and 
tackles. Nevertheless, Leighton was forced to punt 
to Babb. The Sophomores lost the ball on a pass- 
ahead, and 1901 forced it to their 15-yard line, 
where it was lost on four downs. The Sophomores 
gained a few yards, but time was called with the 
score to 0. 

The second half opened with a kick-off by 
Clarke. Cloudman caught the oval and advanced 
it 10 yards. In addition to this, Gregson gained 
30 yards, and Cloudman five more, but Minard then 
tackled Clarke for a loss, and the ball was punted 
outside, where Babb found it. The Sophomores 
could do nothing with the Freshman line, which 
held firm and even broke through, repeatedly tack-" 
ling for losses. Clarke punted to Palmer, who made 
five yards. Lafei'riere and Gregson pushed it along 
a bit, followed by short, steady gains by Bodwell, 
Palmer, and Cloudman. Leighton was forced to 
punt, howevei', and Babb was downed with the ball 
on the 10-yard line. Randall tackled Clarke for a 
loss, and the Freshmen took the ball. A few 
rushes, and Gregson was over, with the ball under 
his arm. Score, 4 to 0, When the goal was tried, 
Minard was off-side, and, as no goal resulted, a 
second trial proved more successful, and the score 
stood 6 to 0. Corliss kicked the goal. 

Clarke kicked off now, and Bodwell fell on the 
ball 15 yards from the center of the field. Gardiner 
was forced to retire with a bad ankle, and 
Levensaler substituted for him. After four attempts, 
1900 took the ball. After the ball had been 
rushed about the center of the field, with no 
advantage either way, time was called, and the 
Freshmen had won, 6 to 0. 

For 1901, Snow, Gregson, Cloudman, and Hill 
played the best, and for 1900, Chapman, Clarke, 
and Merrill, 



The line-up was as follows: 

1900. 1901. 

Sylvester. Right End. Corliss. 

Minard. Eight Tackle. Hill. 

Farwell. Right Guard. Bodwell. 

Russell. Center. Dana. 

Minard. Left Guard. Leighton. 

Leven^aler i Left Tackle. Cloudman. 

Capt. Chapman. Left End. Randall. 

Sparks. Quarterback. Capt. Snow. 

Clarke. Left Halfback. Gregson. 

Merrill. Right Halfback. Laferriere. 

Babb. Fullback. Palmer. 

Score— 1901, K; 1900, 0. Time— two 20-minute halves. 
Touchdown — Gregson. Goal — Corliss. Referee — CD. 
Moulton, '98. Umpire-J. H. Libby, '96. Linesmen — 
Gould, 1900, and Clarke, '99. Timer- T. L. Pierce, '98. 

On Thursday, November 1 1th, C. C. Phillips, 
1900, led the meeting. He took as his subject, 
"Betrayal of Self," and illustrated with examples 
from the ordinary college life. A man betrays his 
better self when he deceives his instructors and 
when he tries to give the public the idea that he is 
a nonchalant, an indilTerent sport, and an imbecile, 
when his better nature is crying within him that he 
is lying. The outer man takes undue advantage of 
the inner man when it betrays it by such deeds. 
The outside man has the advantage of the inner, 
and it should not take a cowardly and mean advan- 
tage of it. Mr. Phillips's talk was very interesting 

There was no meeting of the Association on 
Sunday, because the janitor had neglected to heat 
the rooms properly. It is the first time for a long 
while that we have missed a meeting. 

Martin, '98, conducted the regular Thursday 
evening meeting for November 18th. He spoke of 
the great influence which a properly conducted. 
Y. M. C. A. can exert over student life, and from this 
he treated of life after graduation. Not only does 
this religious spirit manifest itself in college, but it 
permeates the entire career of a man. The Y. M. 
C. A. at Bowdoin should be strengthened, more 
men should participate in the meetings, and the 
Association should and can be placed upon a footing 
equal to its sister. At such colleges as Yale and 
Princeton the Y. M. C. A. is one of the important 
institutions, and to be a member one must not be a 
mere dummy— one should work, and work enthusi- 
astically. Bowdoin needs a Y. M. C. A. that does 
active work, a Y. M. C. A. that makes its meetings 
so interesting that all will gladly come. More and 

good men are needed, men who take part in all 
branches of college work, from athletics to Bible 

President Laycock showed Mr. Ward, the Pro- 
hibitionist leader, about college, and he did excel- 
lent work in visiting the students, also at the 
meeting at Memorial. 

Bowdoin alumni were 
'especially in evidence at the 
nmeteenth meeting of the Maine 
Academy of Medicine and Science, 
held at the Eye and Ear Infirmary at 
Portland, recently. Dr. S. C. Gordan,Med., 
'65, presided. The president appointed Drs. George 
H. Cummings, '92, 0. P. Smith, Med., '92, and F. W. 
Searle, Med., '89, as a committee to receive the 
nominations for ofScers for the ensuing year and 
term. The following nominations were made and 
the candidates elected : For President, Dr. M. C. 
Wedgwood, Med., '59, Lewistoii ; Secretary, Dr. 
N. M. Marshall, Med., '79, Portland ; Corresponding 
and Statistical Secretary, Dr. Addison S. Thayer, 
Med., '86, Portland; Treasurer, Dr. H. F. Twitchell, 
Med., '8'i, Portland." Dr. Gordon was elected a 
benefactor of the academy, in view of valuable 
services rendered. A most interesting paper was 
presented and read by Dr. F. W. Searle, Med., '89, 
of Portland, upon " The Land Impoverished by the 
Sea; a Plea for the Return of Sewage to the Soil." 
Judge J. W. Symonds, '60, read an interesting 
paper on " Law and Medicine." 

'34.— Bishop Perry, in his address before the 
forty-fourth annual convention of the Diocese of 
Iowa, alludes to the late Rev. E. A. Downing in the 
following words: "In the lamented death of the 
Rev. Elijah A. Downing, S.T.D , the senior priest, 
we believe, in the Mississippi valley, . . . there 
has been taken from earth to the rest of Paradise, 
one of the saintliest of men, one of the most devoted 
of priests, 'one whom none knew but to love, and 
none named save in praise.' ... He was never 
superannuated. His ministrations, to the last, were 
most faithful and acceptable— and when age and its 
consequent feebleness led him, at his bishop's. 



repeated request, to iutermit his missionary services, 
which required journeyiugs he was too old to 
attempt, as well as absence from the home he so 
dearly loved, and of which he was ' the angel in 
the house,' he gladly took such duty at the 
cathedral as was within bis power. A ready writer, 
he was a constant and valued contributor to the 
church press, while his magnum opMS— the contin- 
uation and completion of the late Bishop George 
Burgess's list of Ordinations to the Deaconate, has 
been given to the church, a work of reference at 
once most valuable and authoritative, which will 
embalm his name for lasting renjembrance." 

'49.— Charles Cothren departed this life suddenly 
on the 28th of October instant, at his beautiful 
home in Bed Bank, N. J. He was attacked with 
heart trouble and asthma. Before this attack he 
was apparently in perfect health. His noble and 
useful life deserves far more than a passing notice. 
He was born on June 16, 1822, in Parmington, Me., 
on the "old farm," and continued to labor there till 
early manhood, when he commenced to prepare for 
college. This preparation was at Farmington 
Academy. He entered Bowdoin College in 1845, 
and graduated in 1849, esteemed by every one there. 
After graduating be taught school in several insti- 
tutions in Maine, Connecticut, and New Jersey. 
One of these schools was the Ocean Institute, a 
large boarding school just back of Long Branch, 
where he taught several years with fair success. 
This building is now called the Dunbarton Asylum. 
He afterwards engaged in the business of the 
manufacture of gas fixtures iu New York City, 
which, not proving satisfactory, be returned to Red 
Bank in 1880, where he lived till his death. He 
was twice married; first to Miss Hinraan of New 
Haven, Conn., in 1854. She bore him two children, 
who died very young. His wife died in 1861. In 
September, 1862, he married Miss Alice Rodeliffe 
of Connecticut, who now survives him. A few 
years ago he was elected justice of the peace, and 
continued to bold the offlce till debarred by age. 
He devoted the most of his spare time to his duties 
as justice, and was respected by all for his able and 
impartial rulings in this court. He had, while 
teaching, spent much time iu the study of the law, 
which was of great service to him in his judicial 
labors. He was a member of the Sons of the 
American Revolution, and several other associations 
and institutions. He seemed to have had premoni- 
tion of bis death the past summer. He visited 
during the summer many scenes of his childhood 
and early manhood, remarking at the same time 

that this was his last review, he never expected to 
see these objects again. He went to Commence- 
ment, saw many of his old college friends; visited 
many of his friends throughout Maine and else- 
where. But he was especially interested in the old 
farm ; every scene of his childhood, the rocks, the 
trees, the orchards, the house where he was born, 
the brooks, where he had his miniature water- 
wheels, the trout brook, his favorite apple trees, 
place where the wild berries were most abundant, 
and a thousand other objects received his careful 
attention, and ^o he bid them, as it turns out, a 
sorrowful and a last farewell. He and his wife 
were greatly interested in church work and in 
Sunday-schools. He was remarkably fond of little 
children, and many of bis little friends will drop 
tears, as they read these simple lines. He was 
kind, tender-hearted as a woman, considerate, sym- 
pathetic, a noble, Christian gentleman. 

'60.— Hon. T. B. Reed left Montreal the lith, by 
the Pacific express, in a private car. He will go 
through to the coast, and after seeing the situation of 
affairs iu the West will return to Washington in tiiue 
for' the opening of Congress. 

'63. —Dr. Newman Smyth has recently published 
a new book, entitled, "The Place of Death in Evo- 
lution." He is energetically opposed to the popular 
belief that "evolution" tends to reduce the mys- 
teries of existence to mere phenomenon of force 
and mattei-. Instead of regarding science and 
religion as antagonistic, he believes that " the com- 
ing theologian, therefore— the next successful 
defender of the faith, once given to the saints- 
will be a trained and accomplished biologist. Not 
only will his thought, descending from the heights 
of solitary abstraction, and forsaking the cloistered 
shades of the scboolnien, ancient and modern, pro- 
ceed like the wayfaring Son of Man along the 
familiar paths of human life, in closest touch with 
the common heart of humanity; but also each 
organic form will tell to liira the story of its origins, 
and the least living cell will unveil the secret 
chambers of its divinity." 

'64.— Hon. Charles P. Libby, vice-president for 
Maine of the National Sound Money League (non- 
partisan), wrote to the meeting of that organization 
at New York, November 9th : "So far as Maine is 
concerned, I do not think that the silver question 
will be an issue in the Congressional campaign next 
year. I think that there is a feeling that a more 
elastic banking system is needed than is afforded 
by the present bank system, and many believe that 
the government should go out of the banking bnsi- 



ness. Ou one point there seems to be greater 
unanimity of sentiment, tliat the 'endless ehaiu' 
should in some way be broken up and a system 
substituted by which the burden of supplying all 
the gold that is needed shall fall on the banks 
rather than on the government." 

73. — Col. Edwin J. Cram, recently judge of the 
Biddeford municipal court and a former inspector of 
rifle practice in the Maine National Guard, distin- 
guished himself as an athlete the other evening, by 
bowling fifty-one continuous strings in a local bowl- 
ing alley. He threw his first ball at 11 a.m., and 
kept everlastingly at it till 10 p.m., using only the 
largest balls every string. His average for the 
fifty-one strings was 209 2-3, a total of 10,693 pins. 
Prom the alley he went home, took a bath, ate 
a light lunch, and then swung Indian-clubs two 
solid hours, at the same time studying a legal 
text-book. Then he went to bed, got a good 
night's rest and came down town looking as fresh 
as a daisy. He intends to further test his powers 
of endurance by bowling 24 consecutive hours. 

77. — Lieutenant Robert E. Peary made his last 
public appearance in Maine, before he leaves for 
the North, at The Jefferson, at Portland, on the 8th. 
His lecture was a graphic account of his last trip, 
and his bringing the Cape York meteorite home. 
His stereopticon views were unsurpassable, and his 
natives in costume won the admiration of the large 

'84. — Word has been received at Farmington, 
Me., of the death from consumption of William H. 
Cothren at Phoenix, Arizona, which occurred Fri- 
day of last week. Mr. Cothren graduated in the 
Class of '84, and was made assistant to Professor 
Robinson. His work attracted the attention of the 
Edison General Electric Company and he was 
offered and accepted a fine position with them, with 
headquarters in New York City. Afterwards he 
was transferred to the Chicago office, and it was 
while there that he was compelled to give up his 
work and seek a milder, climate. 

'86. — Levi Turner lectured in the East Windham 
Lyceum course on Saturday evening. Mr. Turner 
spoke of "The Duties which the Public Schools 
Owe the State." 

'91.— Harry Deforrest Smith left Belfast Wednes- 
day afternoon for Philadelphia, to enter upon his 
duties as instructor in the Greek language and 
literature in the University of Pennsylvania, to 
which position he has recently been appointed. 
His wife remains for the present with her mother. 

Mrs. C. F. Wood, hi Belfast, and will join her 
husband in Philadelphia as soon as he makes the 
necessary arrangements to establish their home 
there. Mr. Smith is a native of Gardiner. He 
took a post-graduate course at Harvard, and spent 
last year in Berlin, Germany, a student iu one of 
the great universities of that city. 

'96. — The following appeared among the " Nom- 
inations for Fellowships," recently published in the 
Harvard Crimson : " To a William Whiting Fellow- 
ship. Income, $300. Vacated by the resignation 
of R. 0. King. John Emerson Burbank, A.B. 
(Bowdoin College, Me.) 1896, A.M. (ibid.) 1897; 
Assistant in Physics at Bowdoin College, 1896-97; 
I. year Graduate School ; appointed University 
Scholar, June, 1897. For promotion. To study 

'96.— J. Clair Minot recently officiated as usher 
at a brilliant wedding at Richmond, Me. 


The Bowdoin Club of Boston desires to express 
its loss at the death of George Lan&don Chand- 
ler, of the Class of 1868. 

Ho was known to a large number of Bowdoin 
men as one of the college's most loyal sons. There 
was no part of the life of the college which did not 
have the stimulus of his interest and the support 
of his powers. 

He was a scholar, thorough, broad, and sound. 
In his closer personal relations he displayed the 
same unflagging interest, faith, and loyalty. 

This tribute we wish to pay equally to the loyal 
son of Bowdoin, to the ripe scholar, and to the 
friend who bad so much of our afifection and our 

Edgar 0. Achorn, 
Edward P. Patson, 
Henry S. Chapman, 
Committee for the Bowdoin Club of Boston. 

About 225 Yale students were given permission 
to leave college to vote at their homes. 

The Senior Class at Leland Stanford University 
have adopted sombreros for their class hats. 

The Sophomores at Columbia have voted to do 
away with the annual cane rush. 


Vol. XXVII. 


No. 11. 




Percival p. Baxter, '98, Editor-in-Chief. 
. Rot L. Marston, '99, Assistant Editor-in-Chief. 
Frank L. Dutton, '99, Business Manager. 
Thomas L. Marble, '98. Harold F. Dana, '99. 
John W. Condon, '98. Fred R. Marsh, '99. 

Ltjcien p. Libbt, '99. Hanson H. Webster, '99. 

Btron S. Philoon, '99. James P. Webber, 1900. 

Per annum, in advance, $2.00. 

Single Copies 15 Cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to tlie Business Manager. 

HeniiCtances should be made to the Business Manager. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Editor-in-Chief. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Bowdoin Verse Department should be sent 
to Box 960, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should be sent to Box 945, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post-OSice at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 
Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston. 

Vol. XXVII., No. 11.— December 8, 1897. 

Editorial Notes 

Delta Kappa Epsilon Convention 

The Class of Sixty-One 

A College Letter, 1755 

Bowdoin Verse : 

Bowdoin Down in Maine 

Uncle John's Comment on Modern Poetry . . 


Hazel Eyes 

CoLLKGii Tabula 

Y. M. C. A 


College World 

The term closes soon after the appear- 
ance of this, the last issue of the Orient, and 
the holidays then commence. In previous 
issues advice has been given as to spending our 
vacation profitably, and it is not necessary to 
repeat these I'emarks so soon. Each man 
knows better than he can be told as to what 
he should and should not do. The Orient 
hopes that the Christmas holidays may be~ 
enjoyed by all, and that none will consider 
it necessary to bother themselves with lessons 
during a period when such things should be 
farthest from our minds. In other words, we 
hope that the examinations will be success- 
fully survived by all. Now is the time when 
" the sheep are separated from the goats " — the 
fewer the goats the better, however. After 
the trials of examinations, holidaj^s appear 
all the sweeter. A Merry Christmas to all. 

TV7HEN the invitation to enter an Inter- 
^* State Debating League was declined 
at a mass-meeting last week, the student 
body took the proper step. There is im 
doubt that such a league would be of great 
advantage and also that in time to com& 
such a league will be formed, inasmuch as 
its benefits are self-evident. Debating is fast 
stepping into prominence at all American, 



colleges, and though inter-collegiate debates 
have their opponents, they probably have come 
to stay. Bowdoin, however, has neglected 
this branch of college activity for some time, 
and consequently has been forced to commence 
anevir. The George Evans Debating Society 
has done much to encourage debating, but 
the college has done but little to encourage the 
George Evans Debating Society. By college 
we mean the student body as well as the Fac- 
ulty. Of a membership of sixty not more than 
twenty, exclusive of non-members, attend 
regular meetings. When so little interest is 
shown, and when out of the entire college not 
more than fifty attend a mass-meeting to con- 
sider the advisability of an inter-collegiate 
contest, it would be pure folly to attempt to 
carry through such competitive debates. The 
truth of the matter is that the college does 
not stand behind the society, and to be rep- 
resentative nothing can be done without the 
backing of the college. Debaters, as well as 
athletes, must feel that they are representing 
something; that every man in college watches 
them with the greatest interest. 

The Faculty, moreover, do not encourage 
debating as much as they might. No credit 
will be allowed for work upon debates, even 
though hours and hours are spent in original 
research. When the college debate was held 
last spring, the disputants worked with a 
will and devoted their entire time to that 
work, and for what? No credit was given 
them, not even a single theme would be can- 
celled. It was extra work, pure and simple. 
When so much labor is required it surely 
seems as though a little credit should be 
given; and it is given in sister institutions. 
The Faculty is a powerful factor for encour- 
aging or discouraging college activity, and it 
appears to the Orient that our Faculty could 
furnish the much-needed impetus to college 
debating by being a bit more liberal along 
certain lines. If the Faculty would take 
the initiative the students would then work 

with a will, and after we had gained a little 
experience we could combat our sister 
colleges and combat them successfully. The 
college then would stand behind its repre- 
sentatives, and its representatives would be 
such in the truest sense of the word. We 
need debating here and need it badly, and 
now it behooves us to do something to infuse 
life into it and into ourselves as well. 

We already have too many undertakings 
on foot that are supported by the "enthusi- 
astic few," and if new enterprises are to be 
undertaken they should not be placed upon 
the shoulders of these much-overworked 
patriots. Nothing new should be undertaken 
until we have perfected, to a greater or less 
extent, our present branches of college 
activity. Whatever we do let us do well, 
and accordingly we should be ver}' careful 
not to have too many irons in the fire. 

jrrHE new Bowdoin catalogue for 1897-98 
^ appeared last week, and is of especial 
interest to all. According to the lists of 
students we to-day have the largest enroll- 
ment in the history of the college, having 
sixty-one Seniors, sixty-one Juniors, fifty-six 
Sophomores, fifty-nine Freshmen, six Specials, 
and one hundred and forty "Medics," making 
a total of three hundred and eighty-three. 
Although it is not the policy of the college 
to enlarge its classes, it is gratifying to 
see that all classes are well filled and that 
everything is in perfect condition. It is a 
well-known fact that classes of double the 
size of our present could be had, but they 
are not thought desirable. 

Nothing particularly new appears except 
that the entrance requirements in Greek and 
Latin have been altered for 1898. These 
involve different methods of preparatory 
study rather than an increased amount of 
work, and have been recommended by the 
commission of New England colleges on 
entrance examinations. 



The new catalogue shows a list of five 
assistants in different branches of instruction. 
This step is in accordance with President 
Hyde's idea on supplementing the regular 
class-room instruction with the personal work 
of tutors. At present all indications point 
to the most successful working of this plan, 
and without doubt it has come to stay. 

All in all, the catalogue shows the splen- 
did condition of the college. There is not a 
branch of college work being neglected by 
the governing boards, and all are working for 
the best interests of the institution. 

ipHE eagerness with which the offer of the 
■*■ College Library to sell to undergraduates 
two of its important publications at reduced 
prices was accepted, shows that a good thing 
is occasionally appreciated. Forty sets of the 
"Centennial Catalogue" and the "Bowdoin 
Art Collection" were placed on sale, and that 
was sufficient. The offer was most generous, 
and those fortunate enough to take advantage 
of it secured a veritable bargain. This cata- 
logue is a necessity to every student and alum- 
nus who takes the least interest in his Alma 
Mater.- Many a man uses it more than his 
Webster's or Century Dictionary. The " Art 
Collection " is one of the finest books of its 
type ever published, and a credit to its com- 
piler, Rev. F. H. Allen. 

0N the 15th of this month the Bowdoin 
Quill will have reached the end of its 
first volume. Already a new Board of 
Editors, the personnel of which appears in 
another column, has been elected to carry 
on the work for the ensuing year. As to its 
literary success it is not for the Orient to say, 
but its financial standing is all that could be 
desired of so young a publication. It has 
survived the hardest and most trying year it 
probably will ever have, and to-day stands 
firmly upon a solid literary and business basis. 

In factitshouldlive and prosper if ever a paper 
should, and it will, if the hearty support and 
co-operation of the student body and Faculty 
of the past is but continued. The Orient 
believes the Quill has become a permanent 
institution, and extends it her best wishes 
for its future welfare. We can support two 
papers, we have for the past year and we 
should in coming years. At a recent Quill 
meeting it was decided to make it a strictly 
Senior-Junior publication, so that only mem- 
bers of the Class of '99 were elected to 
office. The Orient believes this to have 
been eminently proper, inasmuch as more 
interest will be taken by competitors, the 
credit of being elected will be more, and 
there will be no danger of having any "stale " 
editors upon the Board. 

One year ago this issue, the Orient 
announced the birth of its sister, but with 
mingled feelings of pleasure and fear; to-dajr, 
however, there is no need of fear, for she has 
proved herself a most robust and vigorous 
child. May she grow during the coming 
year under her efficient Board of Editors'as 
she has in the past. She represents the liter- 
ary life of the college, and we think she is a 
most creditable representative. New interest 
has been taken in literary work, and both 
papers have felt its stimulus. The Orient 
and the Quill always will live in peace and 
happiness in the future as in the past, and 
the Orient has only the best wishes for her 
younger sister. To the outgoing Board of 
the Quill we would say that under your 
fostering care, and by your untiring efforts, 
what at times appeared to be rather a doubt- 
ful undertaking, has now proven itself able 
to stand alone and fight its own battles. 

W. J. Bryan has offered a prize fund to Ewing 
College, 111., for annual awards for the best essays 
on the science of government. Mr. Bryan's mother 
and sisters were students there. The fund is to be 
known as the Mary Elizabeth Bryan prize fund. 



Delta Kappa Epsilon Convention. 

TTTHE f5ftj'-first annual convention of the 
^ Delta Kappa Epsilon Fraternity was 
held at Chicago on November 22d, 23d, 24th, 
and 25th with the Northwestern Alumni 
Association and the Delta Delta Chapter of 
the University of Chicago. The convention 
was a remarkably large one, about 30 of 35 
chapters being represented by undergradu- 
ates, not to mention many alumni. 

By Monday evening, the 22d, most of the 
delegates had arrived, and an informal recep- 
tion was held at the Delta Delta Chapter 
House. Here all the delegates met and 
hospitality and good cheer were not lacking. 
On Tuesday forenoon and afternoon, business 
sessions were held and routine affairs were 
attended to. The convention headquarters 
were at the club-rooms of the Palmer House, 
where all meetings were held. The conven- 
tion photograph was taken on the steps of 
the Art Institute, and an unusually large 
number were in attendance. 

The convention ball at Bourniques's on 
Tuesday evening was a most successful affair. 
The beauty of Chicago was in evidence and 
the splendor of the occasion will long be 
remembered by its participants. After hours 
of dancing to the most perfect music the 
dancers disbanded, happier but more weary 
individuals. Wednesday forenoon and after- 
noon were occupied with business sessions. 
The conservatism of the fraternity was again 
shown in its refusal to grant several charters 
for which applications hajd been made. Other 
business of importance was transacted, and 
after it had been decided to hold the next 
convention at Ann Arbor with the Omicron 
Chapter, also at Detroit with the Association 
of that city, the convention adjourned. 

The convention banquet was held at the 
Palmer House, and two hundred and fifty 
participated. The President of the Associa- 
tion, Judge Nathaniel C. Sears, Amherst, '75, 
called the meeting to order and introduced 

the toast-master, Major Edgar B. Tolman, 
Chicago, '80. Toasts, serious and otherwise, 
were responded to by Andrew J. Hirschl, 
Amherst, '73; Hon. Albert J. Beveridge, 
De Pauw, '85; Judge W. C. Griffin, Union, 
'59; Jesse Grant Roe, JLafayette, '87; David 
B. Simpson, Lafayette, '86, and others. At 
the close the usual ceremonies were indulged 
in, and the banquet dispersed. 

On the 25th lunch was served at the 
Delta Delta Chapter House, and from there 
the delegates adjourned to the Coliseum, 
where they occupied boxes at the University of 
Chicago-University of Michigan game. This 
ended the programme, although individual 
trips, etc., were sandwiched between these 
events. Theta Chapter of Bowdoin was 
represented by P. P. Baxter, '98, and F. \V. 

The Class of 'Sixty-One. 

I HAVE always congratulated myself upon 
being a bachelor, and for having taken a 
degree from Harvard University, but how 
often have I lamented the fact that my name 
is Socket. My school-mates alwaj's plagued 
and teased me about my queer name (just as 
though I were to blame), and until my college 
days I scarcely enjoyed a moment's peace. 
But in Novembei-, in the year eighteen hun- 
dred and seventy-five, on the twenty-ninth 
day, I had sufficient reason to dispute with 
my ancestors for handing down so unfortu- 
nate a name. At that time I chanced to be 
in Washington on business, and on that par- 
ticular evening, a guest of Senator Dormer. 
Mr. Dormer was giving a reception and my 
presence was requested. The exact reason 
for my attending has always been doubtful, 
yet probably nothing else of importance was 
to be done. The Senator owned a beautiful 
residence, with spacious apartments, espec- 
ially the drawing-room. At one end of this 
room was a splendid collection of palms and 
ferns, which gave the location an appearance 



of a garden. It was about ten o'clock, I 
believe, when the Senator presented me to 
Miss Lucy Babbleton from Richmond. The 
young lady seemed fascinating. She was a 
brunette, with large, dark, piercing eyes, 
while her figure was tall and majestic. The 
Senator left us alone, and I was considerably 
taken back when my newly-formed acquaint- 
ance, in rather an abrupt tone, said, "Mr. 
Socket, may I interview you alone?" 

" Certainl}'," I answered, wondering of 
what service I possibly could be to this 
young woman. She led me behind the palms 
and ferns, where I supposed she would stop, 
but, to my surprise, she passed out into the 
glass-inclosed balcony and closed the door 
behind us. Miss Babbleton now beckoned 
me be seated, and, to ni}' astonishment, seated 
herself at the opposite side of the room. I 
hardly knew, under the prevailing circum-' 
stances, how to open the conversation, and 
was very glad to hear Miss Babbleton's voice. 
Suddenly, she said, with composure, "You 
are Mr. Charles Edward Socket from Boston, 
are you not?" 

I replied that such was the case, and slie 
continued, "And from Harvard, the Class 
of '61?" 

"That is true," I replied, "and I'm proud 
to own it. Senator Dormer and I were class- 
mates and room-mates; also were then, as 
now, the most intimate of friends " 

Miss Babbleton snapped her black eyes 
and bit her lips. By some she might have 
been called attractive and striking. 

"Mr. Socket," she resumed, "I little sus- 
pected when I was leaving Virginia I should 
find you here. The trip has really repaid 
me. I did not know even that you were 

Although the last statement decidedly 
took me by surprise, I was kind enough to 
attribute it to Miss Babbleton's eccentricity, 
which was most obvious to me. To say that 
I was speechless would be moderate. 

"I would have crossed the ocean to see 
you, Mr. Socket," she continued in a most 
mysterious manner, and compelled me to 
question somewhat her sanity. In reply to 
this I jumbled something to the effect that 
she seemed "very friendly." 

"Yes, Mr. Socket," she said, " I know yon 
perfectly well." But how could that be 
possible, I attempted to ask; but she resumed, 
"You knew my father, Richard Babbleton" — 
(I probably did, but to recall him was impos- 
sible) — " and he trusted you." " How good of 
him," I reflected; but Miss Babbleton's con- 
tinuous flow of words hindered me fiom 
making even the briefest remark. 

"Few men have lived whose lives have 
been more pure, upright, and honest than 
was my poor father's. His greatest failing 
was that he believed every one else as honest 
as himself. But the time came when he was 
most cruelly deceived." 

I attempted to say, "how sad," but my 
fair acquaintance evidently had the floor, 
so I refrained from being rude enough to 
interrupt her. 

"How men can use their fellows so 
wickedly, so contemptibly, I cannot under- 
stand; but remorse finally conquers, and 
when it embraces vicious men in its grasp, I 
rejoice. How a man can deliberately steal 
one million dollars' worth of the W. S. K. 
and C. bonds away from a feeble, dying man, 
actually staggers me! Oh, Mr. Socket," she 
exclaimed, rising to her feet with tears in 
her eyes, "don't you fear the wrath of God? " 

Here, for the first time in at least twenty 
minutes, had she given me an opportunity 
to speak. I felt confideut that she was 
lacking as to her mental strength, yet deemed 
it wise to answer. Even she unnerved me. 
"I most certainly do, Miss Babbleton," I 
replied with emotion. 

"Then, Mr. Socket," she begged in 
pleading tones, "in Heaven's name cleanse 
your conscience at once. How dare you. 



live, knowing the uncertainty of life, without 
making reparation for your wickedness?" 

She was trembling violently and breathing 
convulsively. At the same time she kept so 
scrutinizing a stare upon me I dared hardly 
watch her countenance. All the occurrences 
of my youth, college days, after life, passed 
vividly before me. I could hear music from 
the drawing-room, also the active buzzing of 
female voices. 

When I looked up. Miss Babbleton had 
disappeared. Like one awakening from a 
nightmare I arose and tried to stand. With 
the utmost difficulty I found my way into 
the drawing-room, and, to my surprise, it 
was empty. Even the Senator himself had 
retired. Stepping into the street, I found 
there my coachman, although a little drowsy. 
"Drive quickly," I called. 

Soon I was in my room. A cheerful fire 
burning in the grate welcomed me, but I 
was too nervous to sleep. It was so strange 
that a mere demented woman could work 
such a change over me! Yet I was a bache- 
lor and unaccustomed to it all. I knew I 
must read, but what? My books were all at 
home. A thought came to me. Opening my 
trunk, the first reading matter that caught 
my eye was an old college catalogue. Com- 
mencing, I read from the beginning, yet 
hardly comprehended what it was all about. 
At last my eye fell on the names of my class, 
that dear old gathering of 'sixty-one. I had 
pasted little clippings from the papers beside 
every name that had come to my notice. 
Here and there I found an account of the 
honorable attainment of some brilliant class- 
mate. Atherton had been elected governor 
of his state, Bailey was a poet. Clarendon was 
a judge, and so on until I came to the letter 
S. Alas! Fewtliere were who had attained 
any worthy mention under that category of 
letters, but opposite one name was a photo- 
graph and rather a lengthy clipping from the 

Journal. And they were both most service- 
able to me. 

At an early, although very seasonable 
hour, the following morning, I sent a neat 
little package with an explanatory letter to 
Miss Babbleton. The gist of it all was this: 
I had a classmate whose name was precisely 
the same as my own, and we both hailed 
from the same town. Never before in my 
life had we publicly been confounded until I 
met Miss Babbleton. I was stupid not to 
have remembei'cd his history, especially not 
to have been able to recall the man on that 
particular occasion. But I left that labor to 
the musty, time-worn Jbwrna?, which told her 
that "one Charles Edward Socket, a student 
of Harvard University, a member of the 
Class of '61, had been arrested, tried, and 
convicted of pawning stolen silver at a 
Hebrew broker's shop in Boston." Alas for 
the name, but more so, ten thousand times 
more so, for the man ! 

A College Letter, 1755. 

WiLLiAMSBUEG, Va., October 9, 1755. 
TT is now, my dear cousin, nearly six months 
*• since I left you at Bristol, and since that 
time many strange things have happened to 
me, which may interest you. In ye first 
place, my voyage across ye great ocean was 
of two months' duration, but pleasant withal, 
as for the most part the sky was blue and ye 
weather good. We, my father and the rest 
of us, arrived at Jamestown and thence pro- 
ceeded to Richmond. This new country is 
strangely different from old England, as 
you may imagine, but that is not ye purport 
of my letter. I am telling you somewhat 
of my adventures. 

The chiefest of these was my taking part 
in an expedition against ye French and inci- 
dentally ye Indians. They are a most strange 
race, Tom, copper-colored and usually stolid 
and dirty. They are, however, wondrous 



fine wood-craftsmen, and yet in this they are 
often excelled by ye colonists. Would that 
poor General Braddock had had less respect 
for his own stiff led-coats and more for the 
red-skins. But I am digressing. 

One day when we were quietly settling 
down to read (it was Sunday, and my father, 
pious old gentleman that he is, never allows 
us to do anything else on that day), I saw 
Tom Riley, an excellent woodsman with 
whom I had already made one or two hunt- 
ing trips, beckon to me from the window. 
I went out, and he told me that that very 
night an expedition was to start to surprise 
a French outpost not far from Ticonderoga — 
that is one of the devil-made names they have 
here. Without asking my father's consent 
(I right well knew I could not have obtained 
it) I then determined on ye undertaking. 
That night I slipped out of ye house and 
joined the scouting party. We all wore 
moccasins — a sort of leggings, and one of 
you Englishmen would have regarded our 
march through the forest with astonishment 
and awe. After a two days' tramp we arrived 
in ye enemies' country, and then still greater 
care was taken. On the fourth morning we 
were walking along, single file, with scouts 
ahead, when we heard far off in ye forest a 
whip-poor-will's cry. Nothing strange, do I 
hear my English cousin say? In another 
minute it was answered, and before we knew 
it we were surrounded by a throng of ye 
yelling " naturals." How it happened that 
such expert woodsmen as we were surprised, 
I leave to you. You can account for it as 
well as I. 

But there we were, and 1 tell you it was 
no pleasing sensation, either. Of course we 
all protected ourselves by staying behind 
trees, but in spite of- that, ye naturals were 
fast getting ye best of us. Then a prodigy, 
as Virgil would say, happened. The Indians 
fell to shooting at each other, and we, during 
the confusion, made off a little way. Pres- 

ently we heard yells of triumph, and an 
Indian voice yelling, "Welcome, English- 
man." We still distrusted them until Tom 
Riley, speaking in their outlandish lingo, 
found them to be a tribe who were friendly 
to us, and had by stratagem (that is tlieir 
only virtue) united with the French Indians 
and afterwards conquered them. After ye 
fight was over, ye Indians came to greet us, 
and each one had a bloody scalp hanging to 
his wampum belt. Thank my lucky stars 
that my hair does not now decorate some 
Indian brave. 

With the aid of these friendly Indians we 
captured the outpost, and then I came home 
in company with two young officers — one 
George Washington by name— a pleasant 
though reticent young man. 

I can almost hear you saying, there's Jim 
Greenough, lucky boy, he has adventures by 
the wholesale, while I, luckless 3'outh, must 
stay here cooped up in England. Wholly 
wrong! Here I am now in William and 
Mary College, at school all because I did not 
tell my respectable father of my little journey 
in ye woods. = Cruel fate ! 

Ye students here, they number nigh on 
sixty, are well termed bloods. All they care 
for are racing horses, game-cocks, and spend- 
ing ye time at ye billiard or gaming table. 
Such you know I never cared for, and I 
prefer to spend my time at hunting with an 
Indian youth, Ciascio by name, whom the 
worthy clergy are educating. 'Tis very true, 
as I have heard some one say, that as we 
Christians have taken away the heritage of 
the savages on earth, we should in return 
share with them our interest in the promised 
land. Ciascio and I are, I fear, but poor 
Christians, and poorer students, and the next 
chance we get we will leave this place, where 
we are slowly dying of ye stagnation, and 
take part in another expedition. 

And now, Tom, how is your sister, my 
pretty cousin Ethel ? I have not seen a fair 



girl since I took leave of her. Does she ever 
think of this poor mortal thousands of miles 

Trulj'-, I swear, this writing of a letter is 
more labor for me than partaking in twenty 
Indian expeditions. It plainly shows my 
regard for you, Tom, my boy, and so you 
must soon let me know how " Merrie Eng- 
land" is and all about the French war. We 
get our news rather late here. Now good-by. 

Your respectful and obedient servant, 

James Greenough. 

To Master Thomas Hale, 

Clifton, near Bristol, England. 

Bowdoir^ ^ep§e. 

Bowdoin Down in Maine. 

An unaccustomed pensiveness comes over me to-daj', 
And bears ray not unwilling mind to pleasures far 

Which ev'ry hour makes dearer, though I'm absent 

from their joys, 
And for a time each passing scene my faculties 

Deep in my heart there lives a hope that some day 

I'll return 
To that lov'd spot for which my thoughts continually 

yearn ; 
And in my daily walk of life, its pleasure and its pain, 
My heart still clings to Bowdoin, Old Bowdoin down 

in Maine. 

The classmates and companions whom I on the 
campus found. 

The learn'd professors, who the depths of knowl- 
edge did expound. 

The friendly rushes, and the games, the victories 
we won, 

Through my imagination their successive courses 

Whate'er the pleasures of the hour, whate'er per- 
plexing cares, 

I seem to hear the chapel bell enjoining us to 
prayers ; 

And in my dreams my chapel "cuts" I figure o'er 

Just as I did at Bowdoin, Old Bowdoin down in 

I see the Androscoggin sweeping down between the 

And with it I associate the music of the mills ; 
But, dearer to my memory, the river, as it flows, 
Across the background of my life a vivid picture 

For, ere the broad Atlantic takes the river in his 

And the drops that turned the mill-wheel help to 

bear the gallant ship, 
I know the roaring river sings a resonant refrain 
As it passes dear old Bowdoin, Old Bowdoin down 

in Maine. 

J. W. C. 
October 15, 1896. >Ct^ 

Uncle John's Comment on Modern 

They ust to say, " Oh, Goddess, sing," 

But we say there's no Goddess ; 

Then words, they had a modest ring. 

But ours aint quite so modest. 

We write our verse, and all the praise 

(Just s'posin' there's some due us) 

We take ourselves that modest phrase — 

Ah, me ! But aint it cu'rus! 

That men should write, an' write, an' write, 

And own no insperation ! 

And work the Mews for day and night, 

An' give no compensation ! 

Some fust-rate things that have been writ 

Are spiled for me in readin'; 

When some poor cuss, uufortunit. 

Shows mediocer breedin'. 


Upon the sea-girt isle through lonely years 
She waited true as native mountain height 
For him who wandered far beyond her sight. 

Her patient love surmounting all her fears. 

And like a star her faithful name appears 
While ages pass; with lustre pure and bright 
It guides those losing hope amid the night. 

And strengthens those who wait and mourn in tears. 

Beside her loom we still can see her there. 
Looking with yearning eyes out o'er the sea, 

The mellow sunlight gleaming in her hair, 
A crown of glory through all years to be. 

Her story makes the world more blessed and fair; 
Her noble life from death is ever free. 



Hazel Eyes. 

Long years ago iu a rustic town 
Where beauty blooms in cheelss of brown, 
I saw beneath a rose-bud crown 
Two hazel eyes. 

'Neath tresses dark a silvery light, 
Like moonbeams 'neath the veil of night, 
Shoue o'er a smile most sweetly bright 
From hazel eyes. 

With every glance a dart sped, too ; 
Straight to my fluttering heart it flew 
And pierced it deep, though no one knew, 
Oh, hazel eyes ! 

Since then full far have my footsteps strayed; 
Since then have I met full many a maid ; 
But none hath such magic charms displayed. 
Such hazel eyes. 

As I into the fire-place gaze 
Where drowsily the red flame plays, 
1 see transfigured in the blaze 

Two hazel eyes. 

As forth into the night I spy, 

Like twin stars twinkling in the sky. 

Amidst the shadows I descry 

Two hazel eyes. 

And as I lay me down to sleep. 
While the little stars their vigils keep. 
Into my dreams serenely creep 

Those hazel eyes. 

But all are phantoms; no more I see 
The angelical reality. 

The glance that enslaved my heart to thee. 
Dear hazel eyes. 

And all are solaces to remove 

The deeper and harsher stiugs of love 

Till I shall see in realms above 

Those hazel eyes. 

The privilege of unUmited cutting has been 
extended to this year's Senior Class at the Univer- 
sity of Vermont. 

The University of Pennsylvania's bowling team, 
composed of the eight men with the largest 
averages in twenty-five games, has an average 
score of 153. 

According to ancient tra- 
dition the Freshmen sprung, or 
attempted so to do, their uewly created 
yell at the station just before the 
Thanksgiving recess. To tell the truth, 
it was quite effectively silenced, the 
more's the pity, for it really is a very effective yell. 
More will be heard of it later, however. The Soph- 
omores were aggressive and kept the Freshmen 
well under control. The Brunswick Telegraph, our 
contemporary, speaks thusly, exaggerating a bit, 
however : " The young gentlemen who are pursuing 
a course of studies at our famous institution of 
learning, entertained the wondering spectators at 
the depot, on Wednesday noon, with an imitation 
foot'-ball game. Heads were punched, clothes torn, 
and bloody noses were quite frequent sights. This 
is called rushing, and the boys profess to enjoy it 
hugely. It looks queer from the road, and at times 
the spectators expected to see somebody knocked 
underneath the car wheels. The sport, however, 
was all in fun, and the boys being hardened to this 
rough sport, very rarely get hurt." 

Junior assemblies next. 

Philoon, '99, is at home ill. 

The '99 class pictures are out. 

Kussell, '97, visited the campus. 

Godfrey is ill at home in Bangor. 

The Seniors are reading Chaucer. 

E. E. Spear, '98, returned last week. 

Hagar, '97, visited the campus recently. 

L. L. Cleaves, '99, is teaching at Bristol. 

Brett, '97, was on the campus last week. 

Marston, '96, visited the campus recently. 

W. W. Fogg, '96, visited college this week. 

Abbot, ex- 1900, was on the campus recently. 

Webber, 1900, recently ofiiciated as organist. 

A few fellows spent Thanksgiving at Brunswick. 

The Freshmen have appeared in their new blue 
and red sweaters. 

The foot-ball men had their picture taken just 
before Thanksgiving. 



No skating as yet. 
Edwards, '98, returned last week. 
Bacon, 1900, has returned to college. 
Sopbomore prize speakers bave begun rebearsals. 
Blair, '95, Medical, ' '98, was on tbe campus 

Young, '98, spent tbe recess witb Ives, '98, at 

C. C. Smitb, '98, bas returned to college after a ] 
long absence. ; 

Byron Stevens has some new Bowdoin mono- 
gram paper. 

"Tbe Country Merchant" played at tbe Town 
Hall last week. 

The time is close at band for the return of tbe 
medical students. 

Potter and Hamhn, 1900, who have been out 
teaching, are back. 

Those owing foot-ball subscriptions should 
hasten to pay them. 

The Seniors in Geology probably are to have an 
oral examination this term. 

Gym work is now to be noted among the attrac- 
tions of tbe near future. 

Lincoln Academy, Newcastle, bas been made a 
fitting school for Bowdoin. 

Tbe Dekes have changed their eating club to 
Mrs. Stetson's, on Page Street. 

The Juniors in German are taking up Storms's 
" Immensee" for sight reading. 

Theme work is over for this term. Last ones 
were due Tuesday of last week. 

The first snow of tbe season to make an impres- 
sion appeared on December 1st. 

Storm-doors and double windows are again in 
order. But cheer up, spring is coming. 

Great plugging going on nowadays, owing to 
the near approach of examination week. 

Tbe Banda Rossa gave a splendid concert in the 
Town Hall, Thanksgiving Day afternoon. 

"Mike" Madden attended chapel recently and 
occupied a Faculty seat witb Dr. Wbittier. 

Professor Mitchell is to preach in the Congrega- 
tional Church at Pownal Center, this winter. 

Rector McLaughlin held a special service for 
young men, St. Andrew's Day, at St. Paul's. 

Tbe chapel bell failed to ring Monday morning, 
but tbe service was nevertheless well attended. 

Several of the clubs are revelling in fresh venison 
brought back by some of their Nimrod members. 

The last themes of tbe term were due Tuesday, 
November 29th. The subjects were as follows : 

1. How Bowdoin May Be Successful in Foot-Ball. 

2. College Journalism. 

3. Does Novel Beading Lead to Inaction? 

(See "Great Realists and Empty Story Tellers" in 
Forum, Vol. XVIII., p. 9, 724.) 


1. How to Learn to "Write English. 

2. A Criticism of President Andrews's article in the 

Cosmopolitan for September, on " Modern College 

3. A Short Story. 

4. Tennyson's " Locksley Hall." 

Glee and Mandolin clubs are busy witli rehearsals. 
There are quite a large number of applicants for the 

Wignott, '99, refereed the local game on Thanks- 
giving Day, and was highly spoken of in the Bath 

The new catalogue shows an enrollment of 363 
students, 7 more than were given in last year's 

President Hyde, after completing his trip abroad, 
is to spend a few weeks at Harvard before returning 
to Bowdoin. 

At a meeting of the foot-ball team, November 
27tb, Clarke, '99, was elected Captain of next 
year's team. 

Tbe Orient has received " Harvard Episodes," 
by Charles M. Plandreau, published by Copeland 
& Day of Boston. 

Drake, '98, played a prominent part in " Co- 
phetua," at Bath, last week. W. P. Thompson, '94, 
was one of the soloists. 

During the Thanksgiving recess two foot-ball 
teams, the Brunswick High School and the Bruns- 
wick Sittings, occupied the Delta. 

Professor Chapman lectured in the Deering Star 
Course, Thursday evening of this week. " Mac- 
I beth" was his subject. 

i The new catalogue is here. All who wish copies 
J sent out of town, should leave their addresses at 
the Library desk witb the attendant. 

The thirty-first annual convention of the Young 

! Men's Christian Association of Maine, was held in 

Lewistou, November 19tb, 20tb, and 21st. The 

Y. M. C. A. of Bowdoin was represented by 

Woodbury, '99. 



The Junior Class held a meeting last Thursday 
and elected the assembly committee. It is com- 
posed of Sinkinson, White, and Lancey. 

Stanwood, '98, has purchased of Ives, '98, 
'■Kappa," who holds the enviable position of being 
the only dog in college at present. 

Quite a number of Bowdoin students attended 
the amateur performances of McLellau and Bight's 
operetta, " Cophetua," in Bath last week. 

A few weeks ago we wrote an inquiry as to why 
the lectern in chapel is not used. Imagine our dis- 
may in reading "lantern" in the Orieut. 

Byron S. Philoou of the Orient Board is sick 
with typhoid fever at his home in Auburn. His 
friends will be glad to know that the fever has turned. 

The Freshmen are anxiously awaiting the out- 
come of the esamiuatiou week. Eighteen is said to 
be the number of those who received a minus in 
the Algebra exam. 

At the American banquet held at Berlin, Thanks- 
giving Day, at which Ambassador White offici- 
ated as toast-master. President Hyde responded to 
" Friends Across the Sea," and was warmly received. 

The number of books taken from the library 
during November was 879, the most on any one 
day. being 87, on Wednesday the 17th. The number 
taken out during the same mouth last year was 755. 

The examiners appointed for the special fitting 
schools of the college for 1898, are as follows : Frye- 
burg Academy, Professor MacDonald; Washington 
Academy, Professor Moody; Thornton Academy, 
Professor Woodruff; Lincoln Academy, Professor 

Professor MacDonald addressed the Women's 
Fortnightly Club of Bath recently on woman 
suffrage and kindred subjects. He handled the 
subject fairly and squarely without fear of treading 
upon people's toes, and his remarks were thoroughly 

From the accounts which have been appearing 
in the papers of late, one would be inclined to think 
the foot-ball season still in its prime. Several all- 
Maine teams have been formed, but so far no satis- 
factory couclusion to any party concerned seems to 
have been reached. 

For the first time this term the entire Senior 
divisions in Pohtical Science and Political Economy 
were present on December 1st. Both Professor 
MacDonald and Professor Emery spoke of the fact. 
Evidently the Seniors apprehend the day of reck- 
oning that is drawing near. 

The Quill Board recently elected A. H. Nason, 
H. F. Dana, F. R. Marsh, L. P. Libby, and H. H. 
Webster, all of '99, as members of the Board. 
These, with R. L. Marston, organized and elected 
R. L. Marston, chairman, and F. W. Briggs, '99, 
business manager. P. A. Babb, 1900, resigned from 
the Board as assistant business manager. 

The Foot- Ball Association should not delay its 
election of manager. In the past, delays have 
proven costly, and the sooner a manager com- 
mences upon his schedule the more satisfactory 
will it be. The meeting should be called this week, 
before the matter is forgotten. The duties of a 
manager are many, and no time should be wasted 
in useless delays. A manager can as well be elected 
at once as several months later. 

The Brunsiviclc Telegraph, in speaking of the 
characters of the " Idyll of the Mill," says: " Youno- 
Willard, 1900, will press his brother hard with a 
little more training. His voice is good. Veazie 
'99,— that young man has a voice, and he let it out 
just as if he were making a forty yards' run round 
the end for a goal. By the way, his practice at 
tackling came in well just here, too. He and Miss 
Aubens had a very sweet, tuneful scene, and it 
was well done." 

One of the most valuable of recent gifts made to 
the College Library is that of " The Butterflies of 
the Eastern United States and Canada," by Samuel 
H. Scudder. The edition of twelve volumes is by 
far the most comprehensive account of this subject 
in existence. Its steel plate engravings are superb, 
and it is one of the finest works of science ever 
published. The college is indebted to George W. 
Hammond, Esq., of Yarmouthville, Me., foi^ this 
gift. Nothing has been spared to make this a thor- 
oughly standard work, and it stands to-day unique 
in its branch. 

The regular meeting of the George Evans Debat- 
ing Society was held in the Modern Language 
Room on Tuesday evening, November 23d. After a 
piano solo by Webber, 1900, the chairman announced 
the subject for discussion: "Shall Bowdoin Enter 
a Maine Intercollegiate Debating League?" Dur- 
ing the meeting, the fact was brought up that at an 
informal gathering of students from the four Maine 
colleges, held at Bates, November 29th, it was 
decided to request each college to send a delegate 
to a meeting in Lewiston, November 27th, to 
organize a Maine Intercollegiate Debating League. 
After a free discussion of the subject by members 
from the floor, it was decided that, owing to the 



comparatively small uumber of students present, it 
was unadvisable to commit the college to any course 
of action. On Tuesday after the Thanksgiving 
vacation, a mass-meeting was held in Memorial 
Hall to consider the matter, and instructions were 
sent to Lewiston to the effect that Bowdoin would 
not enter the League. 

The Orient has been requested to publish the 
following ; Mr. Charles Fairchild (38 Uuion Square, 
New York) is chairman of the American Committee 
headed by Henry M. Alden and Edward S. Bur- 
lingame, which receives subscriptions to the pro- 
posed memorial to R. L. Stevenson in Edinburgh. 
Lord Eoseberry heads the English Committee, 
which includes Sidney Colvin, George Meredith, 
and J. M. Barrie. Subscribers of ten dollars or 
more will receive a special edition of Stevenson's 
"Aes Triples," not otherwise obtainable, which has 
as its frontispiece a reproduction of the portrait of 
Stevenson, done by John S. Sargent. 

An exchange is evidently taking time by the 
forelock when it says: "The long-talked-of plan 
to remove tlie Maine Medical School, in connection 
with Bowdoin College, to Portland, looks like an 
early realization. The site for the school has prac- 
tically been secured. A committee, consisting of 
Drs. F. H. Gerrish, S. H. Weeks, and Superin- 
tendent Charles 0. Hunt of the Maine General 
Hospital has been actively at work looking over 
the most valuable pieces of property. The site has 
been secured. This property is handled by Mr. 
Franklin C. Paysou, and it is with him that the 
committee has held its conference. The property has 
a frontage of 153 feet and it is 144 feet deep. The 
location for such an institution is an admirable one, 
and plans for the construction of the building will 
probably be made in a few weeks. While the resi- 
dents of Brunswick will deeply regret the removal 
of the school to this city, the Faculty and students 
generally are unanimously agreed that Portland, 
with its great hospital on ,the same ground, will offer 
unquestionably more conveniences and better facili- 
ties for carrying on the work." 

The following is taken from a recent issue of 
the Boston Advertiser: " 'Select Documents Illus- 
trative of the History of the United States, 1776- 
1861,' edited with notes, by William MacDonald, 
Professor of History and Political Science at Bow- 
doin College, is the title of a book anuouuced by 
the Macmillan Co. This work is designed to meet 
the needs of teachers and students who desire to 
have, in a single volume of moderate size and cost, 

an accurately printed collection of important doc- 
uments illustrative of the constitutional history of 
the United States. The selections, 90 in number, 
cover the period from 1776 to 1861 — from the 
adoption of the Declaration of Independence to the 
outbreak of the Civil War. The documents are 
given either in full or in significant extracts, as 
their nature and importance seemed to indicate, 
and follow in each case an official or authoritative 
text. Each document is prefaced by a brief intro- 
duction and a select bibliography. The introduction 
is restricted to an account of the circumstances of 
the document itself, with special reference to its 
legislative, diplomatic or legal history. The bibli- 
ographies aim primarily to indicate the collateral 
documentary sources and the most important 
general discussions. For the guidance of students, 
a general bibliographical note on the use of the 
printed sources, particularly the congressional 
documents, has been added." 

The Y. M. C. A. meetings were suspended dur- 
ing the recess with the other branches of college 

A happy coincidence in connection with the last 
two meetings was that they were led respectively 
by a father and son. The Thursday evening meet- 
ing of December 2d was led by Elbert B. Holmes, 
1900, and the services of last Sunday included an 
address by the Rev. G. T. Holmes of the Methodist 
Church of Brunswick. 

The Rev. Mr. Holmes's address was very inter- 
esting and helpful. It was a particular plea to the 
students of Bowdoin College to recognize the real 
aim of life. It was a students' sermon throughout. 
He eulogized the life of the apostle Paul as the 
example of a truly great and uuselflsh man, who 
stands as he has stood for centuries, the central 
figure of Christian Idealism. 

He read a few verses from Paul's epistle to the 
Collossiaus, third chapter; the idea which betook 
as a text being the words of Paul : " Set your 
affection on things above, not on things on the earth. 
For ye are dead, and your life is hid with Christ, 
in God. When Christ, who is our life, shall 
appear, then shall ye also appear with him in 

Mr. Holmes said that success was not the com- 



plete success unless "Ye be risen with Christ." A 
man in college might set his aim upon owning a 
great business establishment or a great farm with 
broad acres all his own. The one might labor as a 
clerk doing the hardest work for years and rise 
gradually step by step till he had reached the 
pinnacle of his desires. The other might hold the 
plow and till his neighbor's fields, buy a little farm 
for himself, pay off his mortgage and increase his 
estate till he was the master of all his eyes could 
survey, the very millennium of his aims. But if they 
had neglected the culture of their souls with their 
brains and fields, their grand lives were failures. 
If they have sought only those things which are on 
earth and have neglected to "Seek those things 
which are above, where Christ sitteth on the right 
hand of God," their success is not the real success. 

Mr. Holmes asked that they bo not mere mer- 
chant princes or masters of broad a,cres, but that 
they be first, above all, Christians. 

In selecting a vocation or avocation for the 
future life, aim high above the mark, for it is better 
to over-shoot than to under-shnot. Success in the 
abused sense awaits but the favored few, but the 
real success in the eyes of God is waiting for all 
who ask. Mr. Holmes told his audience not to be 
allured by the false prizes of earth to neglect the 
culture and protection of the soul, "For what is a 
man profited, if he shall gain the whole world and 
lose his own soul? What shall a man give in 
exchange for his soul ? " 

President Laycock, '98, made a few interesting 
remarks at the close of Mr. Holmes's address. 

The meeting was one of the most enthusiastic 
and sympathetic of the year. 


Among the gubernatorial 
'candidates to succeed Gov- 
ernor Powers, Bowdoin is well repre- 
sented. The two most prominent are 
Hon. Seth L. Larrabee, '75, and Dr. John 
F. Hill, Med., '77. Others are as follows: 
J. T. Davidson, '78, W. T. Cobb, '77, and Thomas 
W. Hyde, '61. 

There was a meeting of the Portland Medical 
Club Thursday evening last, at which the following 

officers were elected for the ensuing year : Presi- 
dent, Dr. F. W. Searie, Med., '89 ; first Vice-Presi- 
dent, Dr. H. H. Brock, Med., '90; Treasurer, Dr. 
Daniel Driscoll, Med., '85. The club is in a most 
wholesome condition. 

'41. — The OPvIENT recently received probably 
the only extant copy of a certain poem published 
at college in the year 1839. It is entitled " The 
Conflagration: being a Pull, True, and Amusing 
Account of the Destruction by Fire of Maine Hall, 
a Building Appertaining to Bowdoin College; to 
which is added a Supplementary Book Containing 
an account of the Burning of the President's Domi- 
cile." The author of this work with so formidable 
a title was H. T. Cummiugs, '41. This poem is 
interestin gprincipally on account of its antiquity 
and the wonderful metre and rhyme of its verse. 
Several theories as to the origin of the fires are 
advanced, and these form the most important as 
well as interesting portions of the work. The verse 
is hardly classic, though some of it is fair. The 
pamphlet is hand-written, never having been put 
into type. On the whole the document is very 
valuable as a curio, and is now in the College 
Library. Dr. D. A. Robinson, '73, of Bangor, sent 
it to the Oeient. 

'47. — Dr. J. M. Small, a well-known physician of 
Lewiston, died at his home on Park Street, Saturday 
evening. He was a native of Limington, Me., anii 
about eighty years of age. He began his business 
career as a wholesaler in Portland, at which he was 
eminently successful. He graduated at Dartmouth 
and afterward studied medicine at Bowdoin Medical 
School, graduating in the Class of '47. He went to 
Lewiston about thirty years ago. He leaves two 
sons and two daughters, his wife having died about 
a year ago., 

'52. — Gen. Joshua L. Chamberlain was one of 
the principal speakers at the recent meeting of 
the Loyal Legion at Bangor. 

'53. — Rev. Ephraim C. Cummings of Portland, 
has been very seriously ill with heart disease, but 
has greatly improved during the past few days. 

'CO.— John Marshall Brown of Portland was 
recently elected president of the Church Club of 
the Episcopal Diocese of Maine, and Thomas H. 
Eaton, '69, was elected secretary. 

'73. — Hon. Augustus F. Moulton addressed the 
members of the Law Students' Club of Portland, 
on the subject of "Negligence," last Friday. 

'77.— Married in New York City, on November 
3, 1897, Dr. Frederick Henry Dillingham and Mrs. 
Susie Ganson Ferguson. 



'82.— Ex-Mayor Edwin U. Curtis was nomiuated 
for Mayor of Boston, November 29th, by the Repub- 
lican municipal convention. The nomiuatiou was 
made unanimously, and by acclamation. We 
clip the following from the speech of the gentle- 
man who Dominated him. " Whom shall we select 
to lead us in this movement? Do we hesitate to 
name a man because he was born and raised in this 
city, and did not move in to ripen for the office? 
Shall we delay to choose him because he has already 
been tried and found true by a safe, prudent, clean, 
economical administration, that so commended 
itself that at the end of a term it received the 
largest business indorsement ever known in this 
community? Having gained a business experience 
by handling his own affairs, and not those of 
others; having ripened that experience by a term 
in the Mayor's chair, and further qualified by a 
voluntary unpaid service for the state, where he 
saved the commonwealth and the tax-payers of this 
city thousands of dollars, will you hesitate to 
select him? With such a man so qualified can 
anybody to-day be found as fit to lead this move- 
ment? And may I not ask you all to join with me 
in the nomination by acclamation as the candidate 
of this convention for Mayor of Edwin Upton 

Hon., '8.5. — The many friends of Chief Justice 
Peters will be delighted to learn that he will return 
this week from Boston, where he has been under- 
going a critical operation upon his eye at the 
Carney Hospital. The distinguished jurist is in 
excellent general health, and though his eye is yet 
too weak for constant use, he has been fitted to 
glasses and is able to read fine print. Before 
the operation it was sightless. Its strength is fast 
returning, and before many months the chief 
justice will have two as good eyes as belong to any 

Hon., '87. — Hon. James P. Baxter of Portland, 
has an article entitled "The Municipality, Old and 
New," in the December New England Magazine. 

'88. — The Kennebec Journal gives, in brief: " A 
son was born to Joseph Williamson, Jr., Monday 
afternoon, November 29th." 

'91.— Parker C. Newbegin of Defiance, 0., and 
Miss Frances Burleigh of Houlton, Me., were mar- 
ried on the eighteenth of last month, at the home 
of the bride's father, Hon. Albert A. Burleigh, 
Houlton. The ceremony was performed by Rev. 
Edward H. Newbegin, the groom's brother, of 
Ayer, Mass., also a '91 man. The newly married 
couple spent several weeks in Ohio. Robert C. 

Newbegin, '96, attended the wedding. Mr. Parker 
C. Newbegin is superintendent of the Patten & 
Sherman Railroad, and will reside in Patten, Me. 

Med., '92. — An exchange gives the following: 
"The members of the graduating class of the 
medical departments of Bowdoin College, who are 
attending the Portland School for Medical Instruc- 
tion, were entertained Thursday evening by Dr. 
0. P. Smith, at his home on Congress Street. A 
supper and whist were included on the programme, 
and the young 'medics' dispersed at the end of a 
very enjoyable eveuing, after voting Dr. Smith a 
capital host." 

'92. — Rev. Earl B. Wood has just closed a year's 
pastorate over the Congregational Church of Lovell, 

'97. — Rev. Hugh McCallum was formally installed 
as pastor of the Congregational Church at Waldo- 
boro. Me., on the evening of November 17th. The 
ordination sermon was preached by Professor Henry 
L. Chapman. 

The Freshman Class at Oxford University has a 
membership of 725 this year. 

Harvard and the University of California have 
arranged for an intercollegiate chess match by 
telegraph to be played next month. 

G. H. Butler, the short-stop and star batter on 
Princeton's base-ball team last year, has been 
elected captain for the season of '98. 

Chicago is to try military drill, which will be a 
substitute for gymnasium work. An officer from 
the regular army will be secured as instructor. 

The following, taken from the Netv York World, 
will probably prove interesting: Fatal accidents 
in different branches of sport since 1894 : Swimming, 
1,350; boating, 986; hunting, 654; bicycling, 264; 
horseback riding, 333 ; ice boating, 22 ; base-ball, 
6; tennis, 4; golf, 2; foot-ball, 11. 


Vol. XXVII. 


No. 12. 




Percival p. Baxter, '98, Bditor-in-Chief. 
Roy L. Marston, '99, Assistant Editor-in-Chief. 
Frank L. Dutton, '99, Business Manager. 
Joseph W. Whitney, 1901, Assistant Business Manager. 
Thomas L. Marble, '98. James P. Webber, 1900. 
John W. Condon, '08. Drew B. Hall, '99. 

Byron S. Philoon, '99. Percy A. Baeb, I'JOO. 

Per annum, in advance, ..... $2.00. 
Single Copies, 15 Cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at tlio bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Manager. 

Remittances shoulil be ninde to the Business Manager. Com- 
nuinications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Editor-in-Chief. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited- to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied b.y writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Bowdoin Verse Department should be Bent 
to Box 960, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should be sent to Box y45, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post-OGBce at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 

Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston. 


Vol. XXVII., No. 12.— January 19, 1898. 

Editorial Notes 195 

Hawthorne: A Sketch 198 

Friends Forever 199 

Bowdoin Verse : 

A Jaclc 200 

Low Tide 200 

The Girl and the Flower -200 

Collegii Tabula 201 

Debating Society 201 

Athletics 205 

y. M. C. A 205 

Book Reviews 205 

Personal 206 

By the time the Orient appears, the 
third week of the term, the customary 
editorial referring to the holidays, which 
have long since passed, hoping they were 
pleasantly spent, and offering advice and 
consolation for the hard work to come, is a 
bit out of date. Long since have the holi- 
days passed from our minds and any sug- 
gestions as to New Year's resolutions at this 
late day would be of no avail. We now 
are busied with our day to day work and 
that is apt to be sufficient for the minds of 
most of us; in fact it should be if it is not 
so, as the courses olTered are enough to 
demand the undivided attention of ordinary 
minds, and we couldn't with modesty pro- 
fess to have anything more. The winter 
term is that of work, probably as much if 
not more being done then as in the com- 
bined fall and spring terms. Such should 
and always will be the case. 

With the opening of the Medical School, 
the college is greatly enlarged, and although 
the medical students appear to take but little 
interest in college affairs, they are always 
welcome, especially those of them who have 
passed four years in the academical depart- 
ment. Both the Medical School and the 
College are what they never were before, 
and it only rests with us to advance them to 



still further success. The battle of this winter 
term is fairly on, and let no one shrink 
from taking his due share in the struggle. 
With the spring term ahead, bringing its 
many pleasures and trials, for every terra 
has trials, • we should work with renewed 
vigor. At the end of these thirteen weeks, 
we shall consider them as less than thirteen 
days. If anything is to be accomplished it 
must be commenced immediately. 

TITHE Okient welcomes the return of Pres- 
-■' ident Hyde from his prolonged trip 
abroad, and trusts that his journey was most 
successful. Every member of the college from 
the Freshman to the Senior is glad to have 
him with us again. After such a journey, 
with its comforts as well as its discomforts, 
it sureljf must be agreeable to be at home 
again, surrounded by old associatiojis and 
engaged in familiar occupations. Travel as 
one may, that longing for one's native land 
never dies, and although home may be less 
exciting and novel than foreign lands, who is 
there not subject to its attractions. If Pres- 
ident Hyde is one-half as glad to be at 
home as we are to have him there should be 
satisfaction on all sides. What was our loss 
was his gain, however, and that being the 
case we couldn't begrudge him one moment 
of his time. During his absence Professor 
Ciiapman has conducted the affairs of the 
college in a most successful manner, and 
great credit is due him. He identified him- 
self with every interest of the college and 
nothing was neglected. In fact everything 
has progressed as usual, thanks to his care 
and watchfulness. 

O^EVERAL important changes in the person- 
f^ nel of the Orient Board have occuri'ed 
since the appearance of the last issue. Owing 
to the election of Messrs. Libby, Webster, 
Dana, and Marsh, all of '99, to tlie Qnill 
Board, they resigned their positions upon 

the Orient. This was due to the resolution 
adopted some time since prohibiting a man's 
serving upon both boards. The newly- 
elected men are Messrs. Hall, '99, Babb and 
Whitney, 1900, and we welcome them to 
their new positions. This radical change 
necessitated a new assignment of departments, 
so for the sake of reference we give the 
changes : 

John W. Condon, '98, Bowdoin Verse. 
Drew B. Hall, '99, Personals. 
James P. Webber, 1900, | ^i n ■•-pi i 
Percy A. Babb, 1900, \ ^"^'^^S'^ T^^^'"'^^" 
Joseph W. Whitney, Assistant Business 
The other members hold their former 
positions. The new Board is fully the equal 
of the old, and the college may rest assured 
that the standard of the paper will by no 
means suffer. With a smaller board, as we 
now have, more unity of action and less 
fiiction results, so that the paper to-day is 
as strong, if not stronger than before. 

IN our athletic column is published a tabu- 
lated account of the finances of the Foot- 
Ball Association for the season of 1897. By 
studying this document one sees that ail 
expenses incurred during the season have 
been paid, and, as though that was not good 
enough for us, who have been so unfortunate 
of late in our athletic finances, a good per- 
centage of old debts, to the extent of nearly 
one hundred dollars, have been paid. To 
have paid running expenses and to have 
accumulated a surplus last fall when our 
prospects were not briglit and our team, to 
say the least, was not inspiring, is a feat of 
wliich ex-manager Young may well be proud. 
With defeat staring us in the face, with 
most miserable weather and with a lack of 
interest almost unprecedented, none would 
have been surprised had we added several 
hundred dollars to our already burdensome 
debt. Again the possibility of making our 



athletics self-supporting has been proved, 
and if any one thinks the season just passed 
was easier to manage than former seasons 
when large debts have been incurred, that 
person has been grossly misinformed. What 
has been done can be done in the future, 
and should have been in the past. Bowdoin 
undergraduates can support Bowdoin teams 
without alumni help, and they should; when 
the day comes for us to appeal for outside 
aid, upon that very day we should halt, and 
not continue in athletics until we are again 
able to support our own projects. 

It is of but little use to bother ourselves 
with the past, except to take warning from 
it for use in the future. Former seasons 
should have been as successful as the one just 
passed ; nothing new was tried, and no reforms 
were made; but why then its success? 

Business methods were employed b}' 
business men, and the result was as we have 
it. Can an unbusiness-like student manage 
a team of foot-ball or base- ball players, 
or track athletes, successfully any more 
than an unbusiness-like man can run a cotton 
mill or iron plant on a paying basis? Who 
has been to blame in the past? We ourselves 
have, and we may thank or curse ourselves 
for it. In a majority of the cases where poor 
managers have been thrust upon us, this has 
been due to fraternity combinations, clique 
vs. clique, where the college should have 
been united. We have chosen fraternity, 
not college, manager's. An honest difference 
of opinion as regards the fitness of candi- 
dates may often be held, but this has not 
been our case once in a dozen times. 

Our future is of our own making ; there- 
fore let us make it as brilliant as possible by 
choosing the proper men. Throw fraternity 
politics to the four winds and unite upon the 
proper man. Have the managements open to 
inspection as the past has been, and have as 
little secrecy as possible. The college has a 
right to know what is going on, and the 

better aired questions are, the better will 
they be settled. The matter of making a 
schedule and managing a team is not so 
delicate but that it may be made public; we 
are not diplomates engaged in delicate ques- 
tions of foreign policy, as often has appeared. 
Let the best men be chosen, and let them 
be open in their dealings; then we shall be 
cursed with no more debts, and we shall not 
be forced to apply to outsiders for aid. 

JFRACK-ATHLETICS are as important 
-^ to our standing as the other college 
sports, but they are too often not recog- 
nized as such. Because the success of a 
track team depends more upon individual 
effort than foot-ball or base-ball, it is not 
watched with such feverish excitement. 
Just as much courage and grit are necessary, 
however, to produce a good runner or hurd- 
ler as a good foot-ball player. 

The proposed entering a team in the 
mile relay race, and possibly athletes in other 
events, at the indoor meet of the Boston-, 
Athletic Association has been favorabl}' 
received about college, and justly so. The 
meet is one of great importance, and if we 
should do creditable work and win, our 
athletic standing would be greatly benefited 
thereby. Owing to our somewhat uncentral 
location at Brunswick, we do not have the 
opportunities of competing with larger col- 
leges as we should were we nearer the center 
of the college papulation of New England. 
Therefore it behooves us to embrace every 
favorable opportunity and show our abilities. 
The expense is comparatively slight, and the 
possibilities of our doing very creditable 
work at Boston are many and great. The 
men are at work now, and all that is needed 
to assure success is a little enthusiasm and 
interest on the part of the student body. 
As in all phases of college work, if every one 
performs his share the burden will not be 
felt, and great good will be accomplished. 



Hawthorne: A Sketch. 

FOR the Bowdoin student, the lives and 
the works of his older brethren, the 
alumni, have a peculiar interest and charm. 
And when a graduate going forth from col- 
lege acquires more distinction and fame than 
is the common meed of men, it is with a 
feeling of pride and fellowship that his books 
are read and his biography studied by the 
student body of his Alma Mater. Ask a 
collegian here who made up that famous 
Class of '25, and he will doubtless quote 
Longfellow for you or tell you his opinion 
of "Twice-Told Tales." But would his 
answer be as definite if a question should be 
put to him concerning their earlier days or 
their character? 

College life, however, did not differ so 
very much from- that of ours to-day. Boj'S 
had their trials then as now — burning the 
midnight oil was one of them. Yet even 
that had its compensations. Many a student 
had an extra kerosene can, which never held 
a drop of — kerosene. In those days, too, 
mathematics was dreaded, and early chapel 
was a great trial to many boys who have 
since become much distinguished — perhaps 
in the ministry ! Hawthorne, himself, was 
a typical college youth. Although fairly 
studious, he often received a "dead" in 
"math." and nothing on earth could induce 
him to declaim. In the languages, however, 
he was proficient. 

The hardships of the past seem greater 
in comparison with those of the present; 
college life in the early history of Bowdoin 
does not appear to have been as enjoyable 
as that of to-day. Yet college boys have 
been, are, and always will be proverbially 
gay and happy. Hawthorne, if tradition is 
true, had no aversion to the glass or to the 
gaming table. He reformed once in a while, 
too, as the following passage from one of 
his letters shows : 

"Lately I have been as steady as a sign- 

post and as sober as a deacon ; have been in 
no 'blows' nor indulged in any wine or 
otiier strong drink." All of which sounds 
virtuous enough, but he adds, significantly, 
"I have had no money this six weeks." 

In 1825 Hawthorne graduated, ranking 
eighteenth in a class of thirty-eight. After 
that year he visited Brunswick but once, in 
1852, for some college celebration. It is 
sometimes said tliat his affection for Bowdoin 
was never great and that the best thing slie did 
for him was to give him two or three friends. 
Such assertions are manifestly unjust; he 
himself, in his writings acknowledges his 
indebtedness to his Alma Mater., and the 
four years spent there are in striking con- 
trast with his solitary life at Lake Sebago, 
before he entered college, and at Salem, 
where he lived in seclusion for a loiio' time 
after graduation. 

On leaving Bowdoin, Hawthorne did not 
immediately become engrossed in business. 
He thought of entei'ing an uncle's counting- 
house and at one time wrote: "I have 
almost given up writing. No one can be a 
poet and a book-seller at the same time." 
Yet a few years. later he proved that state- 
ment to be false, when, at the height of 
his literary powers, he occupied a position 
in the Boston Custom House, and a little 
later became surveyor of Salem. His was 
truly a roving life and sometimes he spoke 
pathetically of his lack of a home. 

Many think of Hawthorne as a silent, 
sad man, who kept himself from the world 
and desired the world to keep from him. 
The fact that for twelve years he led the 
secluded life of a hermit to a certain extent 
justifies this opinion. It is also the cause of 
several anecdotes, one of which may not be 
out of place here. 

"About the year 1833, Hawthorne came 
home captivated by a mermaid of Swanip- 
scott. He would not tell her name, but said 
she was of the aristocracy of the village — 



the keeper of a little shop. She gave him a 
sugar heart, a pink one, which he kept a 
great while, and then (how boyish, but how 
like him ! ) he ate it." 

This quaint story is a good illustration 
of liis simplicity, especially as regards women. 
But perhaps experience gained in this and 
other ways was of advantage to him ; for his 
married and family life was of singular 

In a business way, Hawthorne was no 
great success. Like most of our early writers 
his receipts from his books hardly compen- 
sated him for the labor undertaken. For one 
of his most widely-read works he received 
but one hundred dollars. At times the great 
author became discouraged and tired of his 
pen. It was during one of these fits of 
despondency that he told his publisher he 
liad no manuscript, and a few minutes later 
thrust into that astonished man's hands 
what turned out to be the "Scarlet Letter." 

The charm of Hawthorne's writings, the 
purity of their diction, the originality of 
their thought, are all well-known. His ver- 
satility is remarkable; in romance, in short 
stories, in children's tales, in descriptive 
narrative, he is unsurpassed. And his mental 
feelings, as his talents, wei'e very varied. 
On one day gay and happy, on the next 
morose and despondent, sometimes confident 
in his own powers, at others doubting his 
ability to write even a newspaper article, 
yet always Hawthorne, the true, courteous 
gentleman. Kenneth Sills, 1901. 

Friends Forever. 
TITHE position of the Union Army consid- 
"*■ erably troubled Grant; although that 
worthy commander was ever prepared for 
an assault, yet he did not relish the idea of 
fighting a battle on this unfavorable spot, so 
unsuited for effectual artillery maneuvering; 
truly the place was rightly named "The 

Wilderness." As twilight approached, Grant 
determined to learn through a scout just the 
situation of Lee's right flank, from which he 
expected the opening of an attack on the 
morrow morn. 

Richard Davenport of Yale, '63, then of 
Grant's Army of the Potomac, was ordered 
to attempt this hazardous undertaking, but 
to this robust collegian the danger was 
accounted as naught wlien compared to the 
chance of an adventure and to the duty 
owed his country. 

That night about eleven o'clock, as the 
moon shone upon Sedwick Creek, a solitary 
figure might have been seen moving down 
the bank which was somewhat freer from 
the characteristic tanglewood of this dis- 
trict. Armed with a revolver and knife, 
unhampered by unnecessary clothing and 
trappings, a cool head and iron-like muscles, 
surely the young man was most suited to 
get within the ranks of the wily Lee. 

Davenport, not knowing the position of 
the Confederates' sentinels, soon drew back 
into the darkness of the forests, picking 
along his way, guided only by the murmur 
of the tumbling waters. 

The forest and tanglewood ended abruptly 
at the foot of a short, steep hill, and on the 
level at the top, Davenport felt that there 
the Confederate tents were pitclied. 

With the utmost stealth he crept toward 
the rise, but even with the greatest care 
dead branches occasionally broke, sounding 
weird and startling in the stillness. Daven- 
port had gotten nearly out of the woods 
when a glitter to the left caught his eye. 
The thoughtless Confederate sentinel had 
forgotten that the moon reflecting on his bay- 
onet was an excellent pointer to any lurking 
enemy, but it saved Davenport's life. 

The Union scout crept toward the 

unsuspecting watch; the least noise meant 

discovery if not death, but yet he went on. 

i Inch by inch the distance between them 



diminished until Davenport stood behind 
the very tree against which the sentinel was 
leaning. One quick blow from his revolver 
and at his feet lay the insensible Con- 

Davenport quickly seized tiie sentinel by 
the shoulders to drag him into the bushes 
where he could gag him; as he lifted the 
still form, he noticed the face — he saw some- 
thing familiar about it, and even recognized 
it. A groan fell from his lips as he staggered, 
sick and weak, against a tree with the limp, 
yes, dead body of his bosom friend and class- 
mate of Yale, '63. 

Lee's right flank fell upon the Unionists 
early the next morning, but, to their amaze- 
ment, they found the doughty Grant already 
di-awn up for battle behind a low line of 
breastworks. All day long bullets hummed 
between the contending armies, but Lee 
could make no headway against liis enemy, 
forewarned and forearmed. 

Davenport, heart-sore and wretched, took 
his position on the extreme right of the 
earthworks, which happened to be the most 
exposed to the raking fire of the Confeder- 
ates. He conducted himself with an open- 
ness and recklessness that seemed to invite 
death, hoping that the excitement and dan- 
ger would for the time heal the rankling 
sore in his heart. 

When the day waned, and the cannon 
had ceased from their noisy destruction, 
some soldiers in repairing the breastworks 
found a man near the right end of the 
works, lying partly hidden in a small clump 
of tanglewood. He was stretched out on 
his back and a ragged hole over his heart 
told the sad tale, but yet there was a calm, 
contented look upon his grim features, as 
though death had come as a friend. 

Another member of Yale, '63, had gone 

to his Maker. 

P. A. B., 1900. 

Sowdoir^ ^ep§e. 

A Jack. 

When playing Higb-Low-Jack or Fitch, 
He tried the cards to stack, 

So tbat his partner or himself 
Would surely catch the Jack. 

In after days, we lately learn'd. 

His mania did not slack, 
Poi' finally he went down South 

And caught the Yellow Jack. 

Low Tide. 

Green is the water in the bay. 
Brown and green the flats lie bare. 
The wind has sunk into a breath. 
The smell of salt is in the aii-. 
The tide is out. 

Over the marshes skim the gulls. 
Close upon the slack sea-weeds. 
Where crawl the crabs in trails of mud, 
Where bang the clustered fucus beads. 
The tide is out. 

The Girl and the Flower, 

She said " It weeps" — 
The flower trembling in her hand; 

She said'"It weeps," 
And tried to understand. 

"It is not tall," 
She said; for sbe herself repined 

That she was small ; 
And this cause she assigned. 

It has been generally supposed that the abolition 
of all prescribed work for the A.B. degree would be 
a blow to the classics. The result of this experi- 
ment, as made at Cornell this year, is interesting 
to note. G-reek has not suffered materially. Latin 
has increased 20 per cent. The mathematic classes 
are larger. There is an increase in the political 
sciences. Physiology and zoology have fallen oft' 
considerably, as have microscopy, histology, and 
embryology. Thus it may be seen that neither the 
classics are injured, nor the sciences. 



The gym work this winter 
consists less of gymnastics, but 
more of athletics, which surely ought 
to be agreeable to the student body, 
as they thus get into better condition 
for summer sports. Professor Whit- 
tier is assisted by Pettengil], '98, Kendall, '98, 
Minott, '98, Stetson, '98, and Mcilillau, '98, with 
the Freshmen ; Eames, '98, Babb, 1900, and Sparks, 
1900, with the Sophomores; Marstou, '99, with the 
Juniors; and Pettengill, '98, and Wiggin, '98, with 
the Seniors. 

Quite an influx of Medics. 

Preble, '98, is at home, sick. 

Percival, 1901, has left college. 

Skating and polo are on again. 

Examination week was a muddy one. 

Professor Johnson is riding a new Rambler. 

L. L. Cleaves was on the campus, Saturday, the 

Cats are in great demand. Look out for your 

Look out for the man with the subscription 
paper ! 

Professor Mitchell visited Littleton, Mass., re- 

Usher, 1900, is ill at the Maine General Hospital, 

Professor Files was called away by the sickness 
of a relative. 

Fred U. Ward, late of Wesleyan, is taking a 
special course. 

Sinkiuson, '99, spent his vacation in New York ; 
also Sturgis, '98. 

The Sophomore Logic will, as usual, be enliv- 
ened by weekly class debates. 

Baxter and Young, '98, took a trip by sea to 
New York during the vacation. 

Theta Delta Chi again enjoyed deer meat, 
secured by C. C. Williamson, '98. 

Varuey, '98, is just getting over a disagreeable 
inflammation, the result of a cold. 

Judge Euocli Foster, '54, was at Brunswick, Sat- 
urday afternoon, calling on his son. 
- The Juniors have been enjoying selected read- 
ings from Burns's songs and poems. 

During December, up to vacation, five hundred 
books were taken from the Library. 

Professor Lee recently lectured on Labrador to 
a select audience at Rumford Falls. 

F. L. Hill, 1901, who is teaching in an adjoining 
town, was on the campus, Saturday. 

Crafts, 1900, does not return this term. He will 
join his class in the spring, however. 

The sleighing about town has been very good 
for the past two weeks (January 16th). 

The '99 Bugle, or what there is of it at present, 
sat at Webber's, Friday, the 10th of December. 

The Cornell Concert Company made a week's 
stand at Brunswick. A few students patronized. 

The first award of the recently-established 
Political Economy prize was made to Marble, '98. 
, President Hyde arrived in Brunswick, Wednes- 
day, December 22d, after a six months' trip abroad. 

Thompson, '99, entertained the dwellers in Wiu- 
throp with a gramaphone concert, Saturday night. 

Efforts are being made to secure a coach for the 
track team, now that Mr. Garcelon can no longer 
be had. 

Mr. Abbott Thayer has been at work at the Art 
Building retouching his mural decoration, "Flor- 
ence," in Sculpture Hall. 

The Christmas number of Youth's Companion 
contained an interesting tale of musk-ox hunting, 
by Lieut. Peary, U. S. N. 

Anna Held proved to be a drawing attraction at 
the Jefferson, January 8th. Her praises are still on 
the lips of several students. 

The Seniors are having Philosophy six hours a 
week. Because of President Hyde's absence during 
the fall, three terms' work must be done in two. 

The Bowdoin Orchestra returned to Brunswick to 
furnish music for New Year's ball, Friday evening, 
and for the Saturday Club the evening following. 

R. R. Goodell, '93, of the University of Maine, 
is assisting Professor Johnson in Freshman French 
during the long vacation given by that institution. 

The College Library has received several letters 
addressed to Governor Bowdoin, in the original 
handwriting of Benjamin Franklin, John Hancock, 
and other notables, which are highly prized. 



Professor Emery attended the session of the 
American Economic Association at Cleveland, dur- 
ing the holidays. He is a member of the council of 
that organization. 

The Juniors have taken up " Faust." The first 
part is to be finished this term. Professor Files 
reads the more difficult passages dealing with 
Goethe's philosophy. 

Dr. Stephen M. Newman, of the Class of 1867, 
has recently presented the Library with forty vol- 
umes of American literatnre, and thirty-five of peri- 
odicals and magazines. 

Professor Woodruff has offered to the Juniors a 
new elective in Greek this winter. Quite a number 
have availed themselves of the opportunity ; they 
are reading " Anthologica Lyrica." 

The third lecture in the DeeringStar Course was 
delivered before a large audience. Hon. Augustus 
F. Moultou, 73, introduced Professor H. L. Chap- 
man, who delivered his lecture, " Macbeth.-' 

Delegates are to be sent to the business meeting 
of the Mott Haven Athletic Association, to apply 
for membership. The meeting, held at New York, 
occurs sometime during the coming month. 

Professor Chapman was one of the speakers at 
tiie dinner given by the Bowdoin Club of Boston 
to E. O. Achorn, '81, who has recently been 
appointed Secretary of the United States Legation 
at St. Petersburg. 

At the closing of the Maine Medical School at 
Portland, the four students who acted as demon- 
strators were each presented with a silver tonsil 
cutter by the Faculty. Alfred Mitchel, Jr., '95, was 
among the number. 

The Juniors have elected the following commit- 
tee of arrangements for the assemblies: Henry W. 
Laucey, Joseph D. Sinkinson, Wallace H. White, Jr. 
The first assembly will probably take place the 
third week of the term. 

At the exhibition of fine prints, on December 
13th, in the Congregational vestry, there were, 
besides the Copley Prints, a number of very beau- 
tiful photographs, by Professor Hutchins, of the 
most famous paintings in the Art Building. 

The following members of the Senior Class will 
compete for the 'fi8 prize at the close of the present 
term : Percival Proctor Baxter, John Wilbur Con- 
don, William Witherle Lawrence, Thomas Little- 
field Marble, Robert Robertson Morson, Frank 
Herbert Swan. They were chosen by rank for excel- 
lence in writing and elocution. 

Professor Houghton recently delivered a very 
able address at the Pedagogical Convention at 
Augusta, on the proposed changes in Latin and 
Greek requirements for admission to college. A 
proposition has been made that they be easier. 

So many desired to take the examination given 
the last Saturday of the term to applicants for posi- 
tions on the library staff, that it was found neces- 
sary to adjourn to the Physics Laboratory. Twenty- 
three men, members of the lower classes, completed 
the paper. 

Lawrence E. Willard, who attended the Medical 
School last year, was in town last Saturday after- 
noon. He will leave his home, Woodfords, Me., 
Monday, for Baltimore, where he will complete his 
course of study of medicine In the Baltimore Medi- 
cal School. 

The mid-winter Boston Athletic Association 
games come off in Mechanics' Hall, Boston, Febru- 
ary 5th. Bowdoin is to be matched against Harvard, 
Cornell, or Holy-Cross, in the mile relay, and the 
team will probably be composed of Kendall, '98, 
Stauwood, '98, Snow, 1901, and Gregson, 1901. 

A class for the purpose of studying current 
politics is being organized among the Seniors, 
under the direction of Professor Emery. A per- 
manent organization is to be adopted soon, and 
regular meetings held. The class was pleasantly 
entertained by Professor Emery on the evening of 
the 1 0th. 

The following is copied from the bulletin board: 
"A Teachers' Class, for the study of the aims and 
methods of preparatory classical instruction, will 
meet twice a week during the present term. Seniors 
or Juniors who may wish to join are requested to 
communicate with me as soon as possible. (Signed) 
Wm. A. Houghton." 

After several months had elapsed it was hoped 
that the matter of " That New Door," as it is called, 
would be allowed to drop. But no, the Lewiston 
Journal must have several inches of its valuable 
space occupied with an account of it and the sum 
paid by the Sophomore Class. News must be scarce 
to be " re-hashed" so often. 

At a mass-meeting of the Foot-Ball Association, 
held last term, the following officers were elected 
for '98: R. L. Marston, President; H. C. McCarty, 
Vice-President; L. M. Spear, Secretary and Treas- 
urer; C. M. Willard, Fourth Director; J. Gregson, 
Jr., Fifth Director; H. W. Lancey, Manager; R. P. 
Chapman, Assistant Manager. 



The Telegraph gives: "George Gould, Bowdoin, 
'99, undertook to heat his bed one cold night this 
week by placing an incandescent electric light 
beneath the bedclothes, and it worked to a charm. 
Bat George was suddenly awakened by something 
decidedly warm. The conflagration was subdued 
with nothing more serious than a burned hand." 

The Sophomore prize speaking at the end of the 
fall term proved to be a most interesting contest. 
Lee won the first prize, and Whitney the second 
prize. The programme was as follows: 


Charles Sumuer. — Curtis. Ernest l-.eon Jordan, Auburn. 
The Dandy Fifth.— Gasso way. 

Albro Leonard Burnell, Woodfords. 
The Man who Wears the Button. — Thurston. 

Francis Melville Sparks, Bangor. 
The Battle of Pontenoy. — Davis. 

Henry Augustus Shorey, Jr., Bridgton. 


Massachusetts. — Lodge. 

Harry Oliver Bacon, Natick, Mass. 
The Soldier of the Empire.— Page. 

Joseph Walker Whitney, Portland. 
Hervd Kiel.— Browning. James Plaisted Webber, Bath. 
The True Power of the State. — Browning. 

Frederick Crosby Lee, Newcastle. 


Spartacus to the Gladiators. — Kellogg. 

Robert Franklin Chapman, Portland. 
Lasca. — Desprez. 

Islay Francis McCormick, Boothbay Harbor. 
Traditions of Massachusetts. — Lodge. 

Harry Clinton McCarty, Portland. 

The Signing of the Declaration of Independence. — Anon. 

Percy Andrus Babb, North Bridgton. 


Committee —Louis Mahlon Spear, Joseph Walker 
Whitney, Frederick Crosby f^ee. 

The first themes of the term will be due Tues- 
day, January 25th. Subjects for Sophomores and 
for Juniors nottaking Political Economy : 1 — Arctic 
Expeditions; What Aid have they rendered to Civil- 
ization? 2 — Does Labor-Saving Machinery Drive 
Men Out of Employment ? 3— The Good and 111 
Effects of Ranking in College Work. 4— Carlyle's 
" Sartor Resartus." 

There seems to be plenty of excellent base-ball 
material, and the prophets predict an unusually 
good team. Not only are there several new men 
showing good form, but also a larger number of 
" Medics" than usual, among whom is Bryant. The 
manager is now hunting for a coach, which, together 
with the present material and an excellent schedule, 
should gi ve an excellent season of sport. 

If any of the towns-people miss their pet cats 
they would do well to betake themselves to Profes- 
sor Lee and lodge a complaint, plus a description 
of the animal in question. No time should be lost 
in this pi'ocedure, for although their pussies may 
have nine lives, it does not take a biological student 
much longer to dispose of nine lives than one; their 
fate may be decided any moment. " The man who 
hesitates is not lost," but he loses his cat. 

The Library has received a little book on 
"Punctuation," by F. Horace Teall, Department 
Editor and Critical Reader of Punk and Wagnall's 
Standard Dictionary. It contains seventeen short 
chapters dealing with the comma, colon, dash, 
marks of reference, use and non-use of capitals, 
etc. Other new books at the Library are : Bryce's 
"Impressions of South Africa," Hon. Joseph Cham- 
berlain's "Foreign and Colonial Speeches," and 
John Fiske's " Old Virginia and Her Neighbors." 

The candidates for the Glee, Banjo, Mandolin, 
and Guitar Clubs are as follows: Glee Club— First 
tenors, Alpheus 6. Varney, '98 ; Winburn V. Adams, 
'99; William T.Veazie, '99; Wallace H. White, '99; 
Walter B. Clark, '99; Albert W. Clark, 1900; Royal 
H.Bodwell, I90I; Gardiner L. Sturdivant, Medical. 
Second tenors, Harlan M. Bisbee, '98 ; Philip C. 
Haskell, '99; Ernest L, Jordan, 1900; Geo. W. 
Russell, J900; Joseph W. Whitney, 1900. Baritone, 
Edward Hutchins, '98; Archer P. Cram, '99; Joseph 
D. Sinkinson, '99; William L. Thompson, '99; 
Henry W. Cobb, 1900; George C. Minard, 1900; 
George B. Gould, 1900; Larrabee, 1901. Second bass, 
Frederick E.Drake, '98, leader; Edward F. Studley, 
'98; Francis L. Lavertu, '99; Leon B. Leavitt, '99; 
Edwin M. Nelson, '99; Charles G. Willard, 1900. 
Mandolin and Guitar Club— First mandolins, Alfred 
B. White, '98; C. C. Smith, '98; Henry P. Merrill, 
Jr., Medical; Willis B. Moulton, '99; Walter S. M. 
Kelley, '99. Second Mandolins, Edward F. Studley, 
'98; Philip P. Haskell, '99; Arthur B. Woods, 1900. 
Henry W. Cobb, 1900; Robert L. Chapman, 1900.^ 
The Mandola, Ernest L. Jordan, 1900. Guitars, 
Dwight C. Pennell, '98; Emery G. Wilson, '.98; Cari 
V. Woodbury, '99 ; Leon B. Leavitt, '99. 'Cello, 
George L. Dillaway, '98. The prospects for a most 
successful season are exceptionally bright. 

The Maine Medical School opened its seventy - 
eighth course of lectures, Thursday afternoon, Jan- 
uary 6th, at 3 o'clock. President Hyde presided, 
and the Medical Faculty occupied the platform. 
The hall was well filled. The opening lecture was 
given by Professor Franklin C. Robinson, and its 



subject was " The Importance of Right Ideas in Sci- 
entific Research." There are several notable clianges 
in the Faculty. Dr. Alfred Mitchell, the secretary, 
who for 27 years has had the chair of Diseases of 
Children, and for 26 the chair of Obstetrics, will 
lecture on Pathology and Practice. Added to the 
list are: Charles Augustus Ring, A. i^., M. D., 
Obstetrics; Addison Sanford Thayer, A.B., M.D., 
Diseases of Children; Alfred King, A.B., Demon- 
strator of Anatomy; and Prank Nathaniel Whittier, 
A.M., M.D., Instructor in Bacteriology and Patho- 
logical Histology. 

The names of the medical students, together 
with their addresses, are here given : 


WiHiam Everett Jonah, B.A., Eastport; Harry 
E. Gribben, A.B., Portland; Virgil C. Totman, Bar 
Mills; Roswell F. Averill, Waterville; Michael F. 
Gallager, Marlboro, Mass. ; James W. Loughlin, 
Brooklyn, N. Y. ; Carl R. Doten, Portland; Harry 
C. Todd, B.A., Calais ; John S. Milliken, Farming- 
ton; Clarence P. Doten, Portland; Oliver B. Head, 
Denmark; Edwin L. Soule, South Portland; James 
A. King, Millville, Mass.; Eugene M. McCarty, Wood- 
fords; Edwin F. Pratt, A.B., Topsham ; Henry K. 
Stinson, Richmond; Linton E. Waldron, A.B., 
Waterville; Chas. 0. Caswell, Portland ; Edmund 
P. Fish, Fairfield ; Fred W. Day, Gardiner ; Geo. 
K. Blair, Boothbay Harbor; Wallace W. Dyson, 
Portland; Albert F. Stuart, Appleton; John B. 
Clair, Waterville; Daniel A. Barrel!, Auburn; Nel- 
son 0. Price, Havelock, N. B.; Francis H. Hobbs, 
Waterboro; Edson S. Cummings, Lewiston; Win- 
throp Fillebrown, Boston, Mass.; James D. Nut- 
ting, Jr., Hallowell; Willie H. Baker, Portland; 
Louville M. Stevens, Auburn; Philip W. Davis, A. B., 
Portland ; Matthew J. E. Conlin, Spencer, Mass. ; 
Alfred William Haskell, Portland; Herbert M. 
Brery, Richmond Corner ; Clinton T. S wett, Greene ; 
Francis W. Donahue, A.B., Portland. 


Philip L. Pease, Corinna; Wallace W. Robin- 
son, East Deering; Edmund E. Foster, Westbrook; 
Albion H. Little, Portland ; Ralph D. Simons, Mad- 
ison ; Charles C. Rogers, Windham ; Edward C. 
Hooper, Winslow ; William F. Hayward, Brockton, 
Mass.; Gardiner L. Sturdevant, Fryeburg; Arthur 
C. Doten, Woodfords; Norman J. Gehring, Cleve- 
land, Ohio; Chas. H. Leach, China; Justus G. 
Hanson, Augusta; Guy H. Hutchins, Auburn ; Her- 
bert E. Milliken, Surry ; Walter E. Tobie, Port- 
land; Angus G. Hebb, A.B., Gilead ; Lester G. 

Purrington, West Bovvdoin; Samuel J. Redman, 
Hanjpden ; Hiram L. Horsman, A.B., Princeton; 
Frederick N. Staples, Temple ; Howard A. Milliken, 
Surry; J. Lowell Gi'indle, Mt. Desert; John B. 
Thompson, A.B., Toi)sham ; Henry B. Hart, Port- 
land; George H. Rounds, East Baldwin; Harold S. 
Bryant, Brunswick; Frank H. Jordan, Milton, N. 
H.; Ezra B. Skolfleld, Brunswick; William H. 
Mitchell, Brunswick. 


Bertram L. Bryant, A.M., Lowell, Mass. ; Henry 
L. Elliot, Thoraaston ; Samuel W. Crittenden, 
Oswayo, Pa. ; Walter S. A. Kimball, A.B., Portland ; 
Phillip R. Lewis, South Berwick ; Herbert A. Black, 
Augusta; Henry P.Merrill, Jr., Portland; Alfred 
Mitchell, Jr., Brunswick; Benjamin F. Sturgis, Jr., 
Auburn; John W. Joyce, Lewiston ; Jolm J. Galley, 
Watertown, Ct. ; Joseph W. O'Connor, Biddeford; 
George E. Washburn, Augusta; Clarendon M. 
Whitney, Unity; Ja:ues H. Dixon, Portsmouth, 
N.H.; Byron W. McKeen, Fryeburg; Lorenzo W. 
Hadley, Ph.B., Frankfort ; Harry E. Hitchcock, 
Farmington ; Albert I. York, Wilton; James S. 
Scott, Guysboro, N. S.; Joseph F. Starritt, Warren; 
Chas. J. Watson, Portland; Sumner B. Marshall, 
Buxton ; Chas. H. Burgess, Bangor. 

>eba|;ii7g §)eeie{y. 

The George Evans Debating Society held its 
first meeting of the term, January 11th, Vice-Presi- 
dent Woodbury presiding. The question discussed 
was: " Besolved, That debating should be made a 
regular course, optional with themes." Affirmative — 
Webster, '99, and Rumery, 1900; Negative — West, 
1900, and Rollins, '99. On the merits of the question 
ten votes were cast in the affirmative, and two in 
the negative. After the opening speeches, the 
members on the floor warmed up to a brisk dis- 
cussion. White, '98, was elected to till the vacancy 
on the Executive Board, caused by the absence of 
F. E. Glidden. The Hawaiian situation will be 
argued at the next meeting, January 25. 

The Faculty at Johns Hopkins has at last given 
permission for the publication of a college paper in 
the university. It is to be under the direction of a 
board of two editors, and if successful it will be 
turned over to the student body. 




Report of the Manager of the Bowdoin College 
Foot-Ball Association for the Season of 1897. 


Balance from 1896, $0.52 

Collected from 189(3 subscriptions, 77.00 

Collected from 1897 subscriptions, 581.24 

Bates game, admissions and grand-stand, 180.05 

Harvard guarantee, 175.00 

Exeter guarantee, 65.00 

Tufts game, admissions and grand-stand, 77.25 
N. H. College game, admissions and grand-stand, 49.25 

Tutts guarantee, 125.00 

Colby game, admissions and grand-stand, 101.44 

Total receipts for the season, $1,431.75 


Express, telegrams, repairs to suits, etc., 1)24.89 

Traveling expenses, hotel bills, etc., 416.60 

Tjime for marking field, 4.90 

Labor on athletic field, 8.25 

Sundries, 6.09 

Police, 4.00 

Prescott Wai-ren, coaching, 165.00 

General Athletic Committee, 33.68 

Adams & Townseud, shoes, 2.50 
Bates guarantee, and expense one official, 50.70 

Printing, advertising, stationery, etc., 31.25 

Postage for the season, 8.00 

Training table, 16.50 

Perry & INIcKenuey, ankle supports, 2.00 
Chase &-Hall, sundry bills for shoes, etc., 68.10 

Tufts guarantee, 125.00 ' 
Prescott Warren, Boston to Brunswick 

and return, 
N. H. College guarantee, 
■\V. O. Cobb, M.D., referee Colby games, 
Mrs. M. A. Hill, Warren's board six weeks 
Expenses graduate coaches, 
Wright & Ditson, athletic supplies. 

Total expenditure for the season, .f I,oo3.23 

Balance for the season of 1897, $98.52 

Paid bills left over from the season of 1896, 93.25 

Balance paid the graduate treasurer. Prof. Moody, $5.27 

Submitted at the annual meeting of the Bowdoin Col- 
lege Foot-Ball Association, December 15, 1897. 


Manager for 1S97. 

I have examined the foregoing report and have found 
the same correct in every particular and properly vouched. 

Auditor for the General Athletic Committee. 

The Sunday service on January 9th was led by 
J. VV. Hewitt. The service was one of praise, and 
proved to bo a most successful meeting. 

Oil Thursday, the I3tli, President La\cock took 
charge of affairs iu bis customary able manner. 
The meeting was well attended. 

One of the most interesting and instructive 
meetings ever held was that of last Sunday. After 
the usual preliminaries, President Hyde spoke. His 
subject was "Influence," and he treated it in a 
most practical manner. The attendance was 
unusually large. 

©ook I^eview§. 

(The Ten Laws: A Foundation for Human 
Society, by Edward Beecber Mason. A. D. F. Ran- 
dolph Co., New York, 1897. 75 cents.) For some 
time we have awaited the appearance of this little 
volume, and now we have it we are compelled to 
pronounce it a perfect success. Dr. Mason treats of 
the old ten commandments in a now way; instead 
of preaching. a long and technical sermon, he gives 
a brief, practical talk, such as any reasonable man 
may understand. That is .not all; his reader not 
only understands the subject, but it is impressed 
upon him in so quiet, yet powerful a manner that 
he must of necessity remember it. , That is the 
secret of the book; once read it will prove of very 
practical use in the hurry and hustle of the present 
day. The ton laws are treated as a unit in the first 
two chapters, then each is treated separately in a 
chapter by itself This plan makes it very reada- 
ble, for one law may be read and thought upon for 
some little time, and then another. By this process 
the mind is permeated with them, and most assur- 
edly it could contain nothing of more use to it. Dr. 
Mason has given us one of tiie neatest and most 
practical religious booksof theday. It is a "foun- 
dation for human society," and, moreover, a firm 
foundation. The book will be well received, and its 
author may congratulate himself upon having writ- 
ten a non-denominational religious book ; one that 
is interesting as well as instructive. 

(Harvard Episodes, by Charles Macomb Flan- 
drau. Boston: Copeland & Day, 1897.) This book 



has been a much-discussed volume for some time 
past, and especially so among Harvard men. Some 
assert that it represents true Harvard life, while 
others proclaim it untrue to all her traditions, and 
much more so to her life at present. The truth 
seems to lie half-way between, as truths generally 
do; that it pictures certain forms of Harvard life 
most vividly. Indeed it would be a remai'kable 
book that could present all sides of Harvard life, in 
the form of stories, in the space of some three hun- 
dred pages. Harvard is a world by itself, and needs 
more than one volume to present her in her entirety. 
The book, however, should be reviewed by an out- 
sider as a book, while the discussion of its truth- 
fulness may be left to specialists. The stories are 
well written, the plots being good and the language 
excellent, if judged from a college standpoint. 
There is of necessity more or less slang ; this, how- 
ever, is but natural. The author evidently knows 
how to tell a story, and he also understands the art 
of making something quite interesting out of every- 
day happenings. As a collection of stories of under- 
graduates the book is well worth reading, and 
although some of its stories do not present the most 
attractive features of college life, they are probably 
true. Such features exist as all know; the only ques- 
tion is, should they be spread abroad in books, or 
should they remain at home concealed as much as 
possible 1 Might not the outside world take a wrong 
impression from such stories, and judge the whole 
by the part here represented '? The book, as has 
been stated, is well written, but as that is by no 
means the only requisite of a good book, it might 
be well to consider whether or not other considera- 
tions justified its ever having been written. 


The commission on the 

'annexation of Deering to 

itland, appointed by Chief Justice 

Peters, had as chairman, Prof Henry 

L. Chapman, '66, and as secretary, Hon. 

George M. Seiders, 72. 

At the annual meeting of the Maine Academy 

of Medicine and Science the following officers were 

elected : President, Dr. M. C. Wedgwood, Med., 

'59, Lewiston ; Secretary, Dr. N. M. Marshall, Med., 

'79, Portland ; Corresponding and Statisticial Sec- 
retary, Addison S. Thayer, Med., '86, Portland; 
Treasurer, Dr. H. P. Twitchell, Med., '83, Portland. 
The retiring president was Dr. Seth C. Gordon, 
Med., '55. 

The 28th annual dinner of the Bowdoin alumni 
of New York was given at the Savoy on the evening 
of January I2th. About 300 persons were present. 
Professor William A. Houghton represented Bow- 
doin's Faculty, and in an informal speech told of 
the college affairs during the past year. Among 
the other speakers were General Thomas H. Hub- 
bard, '57, and Dr. Newton F. Curtis, '71. Letters 
of regret were read from Chief Justice Fuller, '53, 
and Speaker Thomas B. Reed, '60. 

Med., '46. — Abial Libby of Richmond died at 
his home in that village, a few days ago, of heart 
failure, aged 75 years and three months. For a 
week he had not been in his usual vigorous health, 
but was apparently getting better and was out 
upon the street that forenoon. His death came as 
a shock to the community, and many will mourn 
his loss as that of a personal friend. Dr. Libby 
was the son of Joseph and Lydia (Libby) Libby, 
and was born in the town of Gardiner, October 1, 
1822. He received his education at the Gardiner 
Lyceum, Monmouth Academy, and the Maine 
Medical School, graduating from the latter in 1846. 
He then attended the Jefferson Medical College in 
Philadelphia. In April, 1849, he settled in Rich- 
mond, and has ever since been engaged in the 
practice of his profession there, having been one of 
the leading physicians of the town. August 6, 

1861, he was commissioned assistant surgeon iu the 
4th Regiment Maine Volunteers. He was promoted 
to surgeon, April 15, 1862. He saw active service 
in the Peninsular campaign, but resigned in July, 

1862, on account of sickness in his family at home. 
He had been a member of John Merrill, Jr., Post-, 
G. A. R., since its organization. He became a 
member of Richmond Lodge, No. 63, F. and A. M., 
in March, 1850. He was actively interested in 
the educational affairs of the town, having been a 
member of the present school board. He was also 
a director of the Richmond National Bank. He 
was a member of the Congregational Church, and 
was twice married. A widow, three daughters, and 
one son survive him. 

'53. — Ephraim Chamberlain Cummings died 
December 14, 1897, at his home, No. 1 12 Park Street, 
Portland, Me. He was born September 2, 1825, at 
Albany, Me., being the second son of Francis and 
Lois Chamberlain Cummings. Fitting for college 



at the North Yarmouth Academy, he passed his 
entrance examinations for Bowdoin in 1841, but was 
delayed by unfavorable conditions from actual 
entrance until 1849. He was easily among the 
first in the Class of 1853, a class bearing on its roll 
the names of the lamented John Barrett Southgate, 
early called from a brilliant career, William A. 
Wheeler, the erudite lexicographer and Shake- 
spearean scholar, and the present Chief Justice of 
the United States. For two years after leaving 
college Mr. Cummings was engaged in teaching, 
one year of the time being spent by him as tutor at 
Bowdoin. He graduated at the Bangor Seminary in 
1857, after which be spent a pastorate of a year or 
two in Brewer. From I860 be was pastor for about 
ten years of the North Congregational Church in 
St. Johnsbury, Vt. Within this time be served in 
the army as Chaplain of the I5tb Vermont Volun- 
teers. He also visited Europe and the East in 
18(i5-66. Two other visits to Europe were subse- 
quent to his St. Johnsbury pastorate. His life after 
leaving St. Johnsbury was passed mostly in the 
city of Portland, the chief exceptions being his 
European tours and a year's engagement in Bow- 
doin College, where he filled the chair of Mental 
and Moral Science in 1872-73. He was married, 
October 18, 1866, to Miss Annie L. Pomroy, daughter 
of Rev. S. L. Pomroy, D.D., and Anno Quincy 
Pomroy, formerly of Bangor. Mrs. Cummings 
survives him. Wherever Mr. Cummings lived he 
commanded the admiring regard of his friends, 
and his friends were of the choicest. His produc- 
tions appealed to a somewhat high order of mind, 
or, at any rate, required thoughtful perusal or 
attention for their fit appreciation and fruitful use. 
But the appreciation of the man was not confined 
to those who followed him in all his intellectual 
movements. His truth, bis purity, his genuine 
friendship and human sympathy, bis unfailing self- 
possession, his calm elevation of mind and character, 
have left wide their impress on human memories 
and hearts. Of him, as of few others, his friends 
will say, "We shall not look upon his like again." 
Beside two smaller books — "Bii-th and Baptism" 
and "The Great Question"— he published in 1884 
(second edition, 1887), "Nature in Scripture: A 
Study of Bible Verification in the Range of Common 
Experience." Those whose privilege was of close 
friendship appreciated the unassuming man, whose 
profound investigations into the gravest problems 
and fearless declaration of his conclusions chal- 
lenged the respect of the seekers for truth. -His 

thorough scholarship and complete mastery of the 
English tongue were a model of excellence, and 
his constant, cordial friendliness, destitute of pre- 
tence and beyond all price, won their hearts. The 
funeral services were conducted by the Rev. Drs. 
Fenn and Jenkins of the Congregational Church, 
Rev. J. C. Perkins of the Unitarian Church, and 
Rev. Dr. Dalton of the Episcopal Church, and 
those who bore him to bis last resting place were 
Hon. George F. Talbot, Judge Nathan Webb, Hon. 
J. P. Baxter, Rev. Dr. Burrage, Dr. Whidden of 
Portland, and Rev. Dr. J. E. Adams of Bangor, a 
classmate of 1853. 

Med., '57.— Dr. J. W. Mitchell, who has been a 
resident of Freedom, Me., for many years, and was 
widely known in his profession, died Saturday 
night, November 20th, of pneumonia. He was the 
father of the late John W. Mitchell and Mrs, Maria 
T. (Mitchell) Stephenson, who were formerly teach- 
ers in the Rockland schools, and Mr. John Mitchell 
had also taught in Belfast. He was active in the 
temperance cause and as state constable did etiect- 
ive work in Waldo County. 

'60.— Hon. T. B. Reed went to Philadelphia 
during the holiday recess and delivered an address 
at the celebration of the semi-centennial of Girard 

'60.— On December 17th, the President sent th« 
following nomination to the Senate: "William W. 
Thomas of Maine to be envoy extraordinary and 
minister plenipotentiary of the United States to 
Sweden and Norway." By this time Mr. Thomas 
has reached Sweden, and is again installed in his 
his office as minister. 

'70. — An exchange says : 

Comptroller Roberts is prominently named as a 
Republican candidate for Governor of New York at 
the next election. He has the equipment of ability, 
integrity, and a remarkably efficient career as 
comptroller. It is significant that both Governor 
Black and Colonel Roberts are natives of York 
County, Me. 

Med., '77. -Dr. O'Neill W. R. Straw of Gorham 
has been studying at the Philadelphia Polyclinic 
Hospital the past few months. He contemplates 
moving to Boston. 

'77.— The papers of the country have been filled 
with notices of Lieutenant Robert E. Peary, '77— 
his travels, lectures, and plans. He reached this 
country from England on December 26th, and 
since then has been lecturing. When in London 
he addressed the Royal Geographical Society with 
great success, and many of the leading geographers 



of tbe world listened to him. Previous to the lecture 
ho was banqueted by the Society, where he met 
several noted Arctic explorers. 

Med , 78.— Died at South Paris, Friday, Dr. 
Isaac Rounds, aged 55 years. He was a graduate 
of the Medical School. 

n., 78.— Senator Frye, according to a dispatch 
from the national capital, decided to recommend 
Isaac W. Dyer, n., 78, of Portland, for U. S. 
District Attorney for Maine. The President is 
expected to send" Mr. Dyer's name to the Senate 
soon. Mr. Dyer filled the position under the last 
Republican administration. 

79.— Hon. A. L. Lumbert has moved from 
Houltou to Bangor, where he is practicing law. 

'81.— Edgar Oakes Achorn, who has been 
appointed Secretary of the Legation at St. Peters- 
burg, was born in Newcastle, Lincoln County, Me., 
in 1859. Mr. Achorn was educated in the public 
schools until be entered Lincoln Academy to prepare 
for Bowdoiu College, where he graduated. He at 
once became principal of the High School at Whit- 
man, Mass., and held that position two years. At 
the end of that time he entered Boston University 
as a law student. He was admitted to tbe bar, 
June 16, 1884. He was prominent in Scandinavian 

'84.— Portland has a new afternoon daily, the 
Star. Llewellyn Barton, '84, of the Democratic 
State Committee, is editor-in-chief. The Star has 
started well, and bids fair to become an influential 

'85.— Dr. F. N. Whittier contributed a very 
interesting article to tbe Sunday Times in support 
of foot-ball. 

'92.— Ernest B. Young, M.D., bas lately been 
appointed assistant in Anatomy at tbe Harvard 
Medical School. 

'94. — Rev. Mr. McKiunon spent Christmas week 
with his wife's family at Topsham. 

'95.— At a recent examination, Perley D. Smith 
was admitted to the Massachusetts Bar, being one 
of ten successful ones out of nineteen applicants. 
He has commenced tbe practice of law at Lawrence, 

'95. — Tbe Telegraph gives the following: 

At the residence of Thomas H. Riley on Pleas- 
ant Street, Tuesday evening, December 21st, there 
occurred a very pretty home wedding. Tbe con- 
tracting parties were Miss Millie L. Smith and Allen 
Qiiiraby, sub-master of the Cony High School of 
Augusta, Me., a graduate of Bowdoin, Class of '95. 
The ceremony was performed at 7.30 in the prettily- 
decorated parlors by the Rev. Langdon Quin:by, 
'95, of Gardiner, a brother of the groom, assisted 
by Dr. Edward Beecher Mason of the Brunswick 
Congregational Church. The bride was given away 
by her uncle, Thomas H. Riley, n., '80. From 8 to 
10 a host of friends tendered congratulations to the 
happy couple. James P. Webber, 1900, presided 
at the piano during the reception. The wedding- 
presents were numerous and very beautiful, evincing 

the popularity of tbe couple in Brunswick society. 
A delightful supper was served at 9. The happy 
couple took tbe miduigbt train for a short wedding 
trip. They will be at home after the holidays at 

'96. — R. T. Plumstead is teaching in Eureka, Nev. 

'96. — John H. Bates, athletic instructor at Colby, 
is pursuing his medical course at Brunswick. 

'96.- Herbert 0. Clougb has charge of the 
Freshman Mathematics this winter. This change 
enables Professor Moody to offer to the Sophomores 
a new elective, which is less rigorous than the 
regular course. 

'97.— In tbe list of instructors given in the 
recently-issued catalogue of Thornton Academy 
appears the name of Robert Lord Hull as tbe head 
of the Science Department. 

'97. — F. H. Dole is acting as assistant to Professor 
Files in German this winter. 

'97. — James H. Home has accepted the position 
of athletic instructor at Hebron Academy, Hebron, 
Me. In previous years he has coached the Academy 
teaai and his excellent work was appreciated. 

Most Munificent 
Ever Offered. 

The Illiistrated American wants to see who can 
in 3 Months obtain for it the largest number of new 
subscribers. It offers Four Prizes of enormous value: 
First Prize.— A 3 Weeks' Trip to Europe. All 
expenses paid.- Visits to Germany, France, and 
England. The winner will sail on tbe Kaiser 
Wilhelm der Grosse, returning ou any ship of 
the North German Lloyd. 
Second Prize — A 3 Weeks' trip to Paris. All 
expenses paid, including tickets for the Grand 
Third Prize. — For people not residing in New York, 
a Trip to New York, including Sleeping or 
Parlor Car expenses, 1 Weeks' Room and Board 
at one of the best Hotels, and Theatre Tickets 
Each Night. 
Fourth Prize.— A Trip to Florida, on the Plant 
Line System. All expenses paid. 
Time of these trips may be extended at pleasure. 
Return tickets good for six months. 

Winners of all those prizes will receive free 
transportation from any part of the United States, 
Canada, or Mexico. 

AUwho fail to ivin prizes 'Will receive a commis- 
sion of 'fl .'so for each new subscriber. 

For Conditions write to 


401 East 33d Street, New York City. 


Vol. XXVII. 


No. 13. 




Percival p. Baxter, '98, Editor-in-Chief. 
Roy L. Marston, '99, Assistant Editor-in-Cliief. 
Frank L. Dutton, '99, Business Manager. 
Joseph W. Whitney, 1900, Assistant Business Manager. 
Thomas L. Marble, '98. James P. Webber, 1900. 
John W. Condon, '98. Drew B. Hall, '99. 

Byron S. Philoon, '99. Percy A. Babb, 1900. 

Per annum, in advance, $2.00. 

Single Copies 15 Cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at the boolcstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Manager. 

Uemittances should be made to the Business Manager. Com- 
munications in regard to all other matters should be directed to 
the Editor-in-Chief. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Contributions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Bowdoin Verse Department should be sent 
to Box 960, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should be sent to Box 945, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post-Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 
Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston. 


Vol. XXVII., No. 13.— February 2, 1898. 

Editorial Notes . 209 

The Haunted House 211 

A Turkey Supper 212 

Bowdoin Verse : 

Freshman's Song of "Bendar" 213 

Olympians versus Giants 213 

CoLLEGii Tabula 215 

Debating Society 219 

Y. M. C. A ; 219 

Personal 219 

In Memoriam -221 

Book Reviews 222 

Hoping that more interest might be 
aroused in the literary portion of the Orient, 
it was voted at a recent meeting that all 
articles be signed with the author's name, or 
with some noni de jjlume. In this way a cer- 
tain personal element is added which tends 
to make an article much more readable, and 
when a pen name is used a little curiosity is 
stirred up as to who may have written this 
or that. Then, also, when a student writes 
anything good he naturally enough wishes 
credit for it, and if credit is given he is 
encouraged to write again; if his story be 
poor he will be ashamed to have it appear 
over his name. Thus both the reader and 
the author are benefited. 

The Orient calls attention to the fact 
that now is the time for candidates for the 
next Board to be at work. But three issues 
more are to appear before the new Board is 
elected, and as three vacancies are to be filled, 
a large number of candidates is needed from 
whom to choose. As is custoinaiy, all arti- 
cles accepted, even though unpublished, are 
credited to their authors. 

0NE of the most important branches of 
college work, a branch that is of use not 
only in college, but out of college, the Politi- 
cal Club, appears lately to have fallen into 



disfavor, or at least into disuse, with us. 
This is due, probably, to the fact that elec- 
tions of national importance occur but once 
in four years; still the club represents cer- 
tain principles, and why should these princi- 
ples be absolutely forgotten unless elections 
are near? A political club should be a per- 
manent one, and its members should associate 
during peace as well as during war. "In 
times of peace prepare for war," may be used 
of politics as well as of military affairs. 
Our Republican and Democratic clubs could 
and should perform a true work in college 
circles; men should ally themselves with one 
party or the other as early as possible, and 
when could a better time be found than 
during a college course. What the country 
needs is that greater interest be taken by 
the more educated citizens in politics. What 
a man is in college he is very apt to be 
after leaving. If he draws back from active 
political work during his student life he is 
liable to be one of those useless, and worse 
than useless individuals who take no interest 
in political work, and then when affairs go 
wrong, complain that they are not better. 
A man can't say to himself, "I will not bother 
myself with politics when in college, but 
when I leave will show myself a good citi- 
zen and take active interest." Nine cases 
out of ten that man never changes. 

Our Republican Club has not met for over 
a year, and owing to the dissentions among 
our Democratic brethren it is now a matter 
of history, and ancient history at that, since 
they held a meeting. Let some of our class 
politicians take up the matter of national pol- 
itics, a much worthier field for their abilities. 
We have too much of the wrong sort of politics 
at present, and sorely need a change. Bow- 
doin doesn't seem to take very kindly to 
man}'' clubs and associations for some unac- 
countable reason. The air doesn't seem to 
be congenial. The existence of fraternities 
probably is responsible for this to a great 

degree, and if so it is unfortunate. We need 
clubs, and thriving clubs, the more of the 
right sort the better. Let the political clubs 
again show their heads, let every man join 
one or the other, and let them again prosper. 
What has become of the Snow-Slioe Club ? 
What more perfect weather could be found 
than this? Such snow we have not seen for 
several years ! What has become of the 
Portland Club, once so famous; the Ciiess 
Club that in years past brought us renown? 
Rise up, ye clubs, and do something; shake 
off this stupor and show the world that we 
are not so wrapt up in our individual tasks 
and our fraternities that we can think of 
nothing else. 

'US has been said, we are very backward in 
f *■ our support of clubs, but surely we are 
not so in forming them. That is our great 
fault, we form them enthusiastically, and 
then when our enthusiasm cools, the clubs 
cool in proportion. Nevertheless, the recently 
organized Politics Club has entered upon its 
career with flying colors. This club is com- 
posed of members of the Senior Class, and 
its name clearly signifies its purpose. Such 
a club should prove of great benefit to its 
members, and indirectly to the college. It 
has been firmly established and bids fair to 
become a permanent organization. Its object 
is social and political, a combination which 
should stand the test and ravages of time. 
The Orient gladly welcomes it to our midst 
and wishes it long life and prosperity. May 
it not succumb to those influences of jealousy 
and inertia which have wrecked many a 
seemingly prosperous organization. 

^ITO express it moderately, it seems unfort- 
^ unate that our walks about the campus 
which, during the spring and fall terms are 
so beautifully kept, should be allowed to fall 
into such states of neglect during the winter. 
The college authorities seem to reason that 



because we are strong and healthy young 
men we can trudge through all sorts of paths, 
now deep with snow and now overflowing 
with water and mud. One of the comforts 
of life is that of being able to get about with 
ease and a comparative degree of safety, and 
there is no reason why college men should 
be forced to wear rubber boots weeks at a 
time. Either the walks might be drained 
properly, or temporary board walks might be 
constructed on the principal paths during 
our season of bad weather. It is a wonder 
so many wet feet do not produce more illness 
about college. Other institutions have con- 
venient walks, and we also should. Nothing 
would be more appreciated than this. Our 
present method of clearing the walks is by a 
one-horse plow, which, in about fifty per cent 
of the cases, does not make the same path 
twice; it all depends upon the sagacity of 
the horse, evidently. Any reform in this 
line would be a blessing to the college, health 
would be improved, and what is even more 
important, the state of mind of the students 
would be greatly benefited. 

TITHE prizes offered by the Century Com- 
-»• pany to college men for literary produc- 
tions of various sorts will be found men- 
tioned under the CoUegii Tabula. This offer 
is most munificent, and should be well con- 
sidered by those intei'ested. Without doubt 
hundreds of students throughout the country 
will compete, and surely among this number 
we should find Bowdoin men. We have a 
past reputation at Bowdoin which should 
and can be upheld, and there is no reason 
why a Bowdoin man should not win in this 
competition. The difficulties are great, but 
the honor of winning is thereby made greater. 
To win one of these prizes means credit to one's 
self as well as to one's college, and every Bow- 
doin man should " lay on "and do his best. The 
goal is worth striving for, and the more of us 
who strive the greater our chances of success. 

The Haunted House. 

TT WAS my good fortune last summer to 
^ pass a few days at a little inland town in 
the White Mountain region, and while there 
an incident came under my observation 
which might be interesting to some of the 
Orient readers. 

Not far from this wee bit of a town is a 
small mountain, to which the inhabitants of 
the town have given the name Mount Athos; 
this hill, for such it really is, is a favorite 
place for pleasure seekers. On its summit 
is a large house, which for many years has 
been unused, but which, in former days, was 
a fashionable summer resort. This is the 
house that contains my story. 

One beautiful morning in the middle of 
July, three boys, aged eleven, thirteen, and 
iifteen respectively, started out a-wheel with 
the purpose of spending the day upon 
Mount Athos. Having reached its foot 
their wheels were abandoned and soon the 
boys were toiling up the steep ascent, a task 
by no means easy, but one quickly accom- 
plished by these plucky youths. 

As thej' were leisurely reclining upon the 
broad piazzas of the deserted house, one of 
the more adventurous conceived the idea of 
entering the building upon a tour of explo- 
ration. With them, to think was to act, and 
soon they were wandering through the halls 
of the deserted castle to their hearts' content, 
despite the numerous placards announcing 
such a proceeding unlawful. As they were 
about to explore one of the empty rooms, 
suddenly a thump, thump, tliump, was heard, 
as though some one was approaching. To 
the terror-stricken lads, the footsteps sounded 
like those of some terrible monster, and 
without turning their heads or stopping to 
learn the "vi'hys and wherefores," they 
tumbled over one another in their haste to 
gain the open air, never checking their pace 
until they were half way down the mountain 
side. Here they halted, thoroughly fright- 



ened, and greatly out of breath. Stop- 
ping to consider their hasty retreat, however, 
it appeared cowardly, and they determined 
to solve the mystery. Slowly wending their 
way up the mountain again, they collected 
the most formidable weapons obtainable, a 
pair of iron tongs and clubs of wood, one 
of the party even having a revolver. At 
the top a halt was made for breath, and then 
summoning up their sum total of courage, 
they boldly re-entered the hall of their 
recent departure. A second time was heard 
that ominous thud, thud, thud, which echoed 
and re-echoed throughout the rooms, striking 
terror to their hearts and causing the hair of 
their youthful heads to stand upright. Nearer 
and nearer came the dreaded creature, and 
each second the thumps grew louder and 
louder. Bravely, yet with trembling limbs, 
they awaited the attack ; at last the cause of 
the alarm came in sight, and the eldest of the 
three, declaring with shaky voice that it was 
nothing but a huge bear, gave the signal 
for the attack. Strange to relate the ball from 
his revolver went far from its mark and 
punctured a window pane in the rear of 
the house ; again and again was the assault 
repeated. When tlie capture had been 
made, after much difficulty, what was their 
dismay, disgust, and chagrin, to find that 
instead of a terrible monster, they had put 
to death a harmless representative of the 
hedgehog family. 

Instead of keeping the matter a secret, 
as was at first agreed, boy-like they told 
their friends, and a vivid imagination is 
not required to picture these small boys at 
the mercy of their thoughtless companions. 
—X., 1901. 

A Turkey Supper. 
'D' NUMBER of years ago at a certain pre- 
/■^ paratory school, three of the students, 
HarryBenson, Frank Henry, and Tom Nichols, 
planned one night a little adventure which 

was to be followed by a feast the next day. 
That same evening one of the turkeys in a 
neighboring farmer's flock disappeared, and, 
neatly plucked and ready for roasting, spent 
the next day in No. 16, the room of the 
three adventurers. The farmer, on discov- 
ering his loss, suspected the students and 
hastened to report to Mr. K — , the instructor, 
who roomed in the dormitory, requesting 
him to be on his guard for roast turkey. 

A merry party gathered in No. 16 that 
evening. The turkey was produced and 
roasting commenced, while the youthful ban- 
queters gathered about the fire, telling- 
stories and cracking jokes. 

Rumors of the feast had been noised 
about, for nothing truly secret ever happened 
at a preparatory school, and the occupants 
of No. 23, directly beneath the impromptu 
dining-hall, No. 16, were feeling rather out 
of sorts, not having been invited; neverthe- 
less they were tr3'ing hard to make the best 
of their ill-fortune, when a familiar step was 
heard. Mr. K — had scented the turkey, 
which the merry-makers had by this time 
cooked, and he was prowling around to dis- 
cover whence the" odor came. Everything 
in No. 23 was legitimate, so he passed on. 

The inmates of No. 16 were not slow in 
recognizing iiis step and made haste to cover 
up all signs of revelry. Most of the feast 
was hastily hidden in the closet under books 
and papers, but what to do with the turkey? 
Mr. K — was almost at their door. 

"Here, I've got an idea," said Tom; "give 
me a stout string and have it long enough, 
and we'll hang his majesty out of the 

No sooner said than done; the turkey 
was tied to a strong cord, hurriedly sus- 
pended from the window, and made fast to 
the blind catch. 

"Now," chuckled Frank, "let old K — 
come on; we're ready for him." 

Mr. K — soon made his appearance, and 



though the smell of turkey was very strong 
about the room, he found nothing suspicious 
and finally left, leaving the boys in high 

"Haul away on the string and let's have 
his highness again," said Harry, while Frank 
went to the window. To his surprise, how- 
ever, the cord came up without any effort. 

"What in thunder!" he exclaimed. The 
turkey was gone, and the rope bore traces of 
having been cut with a sharp knife. In the 
desire to have the cord long enough to get 
the turkey out of Mr. K — 's reach, they had 
lowered it to the window of room 23, and 
its occupants had made haste to appropriate 
their much-longed-for feast. 

Tlie thoughts and words of the three in 
No. 16 may be better imagined than printed. 
Suffice it to say that this was the end of 
their feast, while in No. 23 the following 
night a brilliant spread was held to which, 
however, the hosts were kind enough to 
invite Frank, Harry, and Tom. 

— Z., 1901. 

Bowdoirp ^ep§e. 

Freshman's Song of "Bendar." 

Sure a monster most fell 
. Was this horrible Bendar, 
I wish tiim in — well, 
Though a monster most fell, 
'Tis impi'oper to tell 

Or in poetry render. 
Sure a monster most fell 
Was this horrible Bendar. 

— L. P. L. '99. 

Olympians versus Giants. 

Long ago, at high Olympus, was a favorite resort 
Where all the gods and goddesses in summer went 

to sport ; 
For here they found it pleasant, free from all offleial 

To view the mountain scenery, and breathe the 

mountain air. 

Now, Zeus and all his family, for this sufiScient rea- 
Had pack'd their Saratogas, and gone up to spend 

the season 
At a great Olympian summer-house, a grand and 

stately manse, 
Where they'd engaged a suit of rooms, and paid 

cash in advance. 
While here they met with many who had come to 

mend their health, 
And others who made no pretense but to display 

their wealth. 
A handsome young musician, named Apollo, was 

the "lion," 
When anxious mothers heard he was a royal family's 

But this precocious youngster, at the peri! of his 

Fell in love with charming Venus, the blacksmith 

Vulcan's wife; 
And on a state occasion, when Zeus gave a big, swell 

Young Apollo sat near Venus, and resolved that he 

would win her. 

The guests had eaten heartily of fricasseed ambro- 
And polished off on ice-cream, in the greatest of 

The pretty waitress, Hebe, brought in nectar for 

each guest 
(A barrelful for Bacchus, and a plenty for the rest), 
And ev'ry one was happy, as they sipped the glow- 
ing wine. 
And the prospects of a night, noise .and revelry, 

were fine. 
Poor sleepy-headed Morpheus drank as long as he 

was able, 
Then, seeing he was not a tank, he rolled beneath 

the table. 
Dan Cupid to fair Psyche on the sly his love did tell. 
And all went merrily as the proverbial marriage 

Till suddenly Frau Venus, who had drunken so 

much nectar 
That early in the ev'ning 'twas beginning to affect 

Now clasped her hands above her heart, careless of 

what might follow, 
And sank back gracefully upon the breast of young 

At this the sturdy blacksmith flew into a raging 




And swore he " didn't care a tinker's dam about the 

fashion ; 
When any man embraced his wife under his very 

He'd smash him into smithereens, and feed him to 

the crows." 
And young Adonis, who had been a favorite of 

Swore by the Styx, most vulgarly, " no coon shall 

come between us." 
They rushed upon Apollo with a clear intent to 

But Comus landed heavily on Vulcan with a bottle, 
And some one struck Adonis, which created such a 

That the chances for Apollo's life looked mighty 

A brawl was fast ensuing, when Argus, hundred- 
Who, to watch for signs of trouble had been posted 

just outside, 
Sent in the startling message that the Giants (or 

Had come "to apprehend the crowd that had dis- 
turbed the peace." 
The dread Gigantes enter'd, while the culprits 

look'd askance. 
It was, you can imagine, a perplexing circumstance, 
Till warlike Mars demanded of the blue-coats of 

the law. 
That they, "since uninvited to the dinner, should 

Or he and his companions would be apt to cause a 

row — 
Which might result disastrously," he added, with a 

The chief Gigas knew Mars had been a terror in the 

And straightway sent a messenger to summon the 

(A force of mounted offlcers, called only on occasions 
When offender's wouldn't listen to the usual persua- 
But Mars was not to be outdone. He called to him 

The errand-boy of all the gods, and said, with 

anger furious, 
" Go telegraph for Hercules to come and help us 

(For Hercules was down at Thebes, recov'ring from 

the gout). 

The re-enforcements came at last — the Centaurs, 

with their nags, 
And Hercules the Gouty, with his foot done up in 

No need to give particulars— the upshot of the 

Is, when the Centaurs first saw blood, they thought 

it time to scatter, 
And left the bold Gigantes at the mercy of their 

( Which mercy wasn't over-great as ev'rybody 

The Giants, thus deserted by their treacherous allies. 
Began to see their finish from the corners of their 

And, since the trouble showed no inclination to 

When Pollux yelled, "Let's keep it up and fight 'em 

to a finish," 
His pugnacious proposition was disfavored by the 

And with a howl of mingled desperation and defi- 
They bolted for the portals, bent on making their 

From what they now concluded was a miserable 

But, not content with having won the battle and its 

The revelers pursued, with oaths— they had no time 

for morals — 
And when they overtook them, to the sorrow of the 

They robbed them of their billies (a policeman's 

chief reliance). 
And used the very handcufls which the ol3Scers had 

To make the latter prisoners as fast as they were 

When all of the Gigantes had been caught and 

bound together, 
And Pluto made a bid to have them seut to regions 

The captors quickly dug a pit of most prodigious 

And cast the captives into it, despite their doleful 

And built a fire around them— no ordinary smudgej 
But such as deities employ to satisfy a grudge ; 
Aud then, as if to satisfy themselves beyond a fear 
Of their triumphant machinations getting out of 




They lifted up Mount Etna (quite a tasli you will 

And dropp'd it on tbe Giants, who were howling in 

the pit. 
And even to this day, though centuries have come 

and gone, 
The Giants try to burst their prison, ever and anon, 
By throwing out the fire through Etna's summit 

tow'rd the sky ; 
But all to no effect, their constant failures certify. 

The deities, at last, to high Olympus did return 
To see what of the erring young Apollo they might 

But, taking due advantage of the hubbub, he had 

flown — 
Had stolen Vulcan's overcoat, and left for parts 

The gods were much fatigued by their exertions in 

the fight, 
And, as the daylight now began to take the place 

of night. 
They took another drink apiece, and with exultant 

Retired to their respective homes, and "prospered 

ever after." 

-J. W. C, '98. 

Enterprising journalism is 
very well and good, but, unfort- 
unately, it cannot count upon the fem- 
inine mind. The Telegraph is forced 
to acknowledge its over-zeal, for it 
says, "By the way, gentle reader, 
Madame Blauvelt wore the other costume, but 
wouldn't she have looked sweet in the one we 

Sleigh rides are now very popular. 

A runaway or two is reported in town. 

The wheels of the '68 speakers are buzzing fast. 

Many of the students are at present out teach- 

Veazie enjoyed a visit from his brother, January 


And now comes the Mandolin and Glee Clubs 

Coombs, 1900, will be out of college for several 

Some of the fellows have the polo craze and 
have it badly. 

Bailey, '96, recently spent several days with his 
college friends. 

Twenty degrees below last Saturday morning — 
a record breaker. 

Mandolin and Glee Club Concert in Memorial, 
February 3, 1898. 

The Sophomore History Class enjoyed a written 
review last Monday. 

John H. Morse, '97, visited the campus recently 
and attended chapel. 

The Freshman Foot-Ball Eleven sat for pictures 
at Webber's recently. 

Charles Potter, 1900, is pianist with the Colum- 
bia Orchestra of Bath. 

The Glee and Mandolin Clubs have been sitting 
for pictures at Webber's. 

The Sophomore German Class is reading from 
Harris' German Header. 

Knight, '98, who has been teaching in Pittsfield, 
is on the campus once more. 

S. P. Harris, 1900, and Sturgis, '99, attended a 
recent assembly in Portland. 

The rehearsals of the Glee and Mandolin Clubs 
have become very popular of late. 

Bowdoin foot-ball men are hoping to secure 
Hazen of Yale as next year's coach. 

Several students took advantage of the day of 
prayer and " put in " a week at home. 

What's this we hear? '99's Bugle to be out 
right after the athletic entertainment? 

The Leiviston Journal is publishing breezy let- 
ters from some Bowdoin correspondent. 

The annual reception and ball of the Psi Upsilou 
Fraternity will be given early this month. 

Fifteen or more students attended " The Heart 
of Maryland," at the Jefferson last Saturday. 

What philosophical disquisitions issue from the 
Seniors, now that they are coping with James ! 

Next Friday evening St. Paul's parishioners tend 
a reception to the student choir in the court room. 

Usher, 1900, who has been at the Maine General 
Hospital with a bad shoulder, came back last week. 



The second themes of the term for Sophomores 
and Juniors not taking Political Economy are: 

1. Causes of Abandoned Farms in Maine. 

2. Tlie Place o£ Revivals in Religious Work. 

3. An Open Letter to the Strikers in the Cabot Mills. 

4. Kipling as a Poet. 

Juniors taking Political Economy have been 
assigned the following subjects: 

1. Wampum as Currency. 

2. Tobacco Money in Virginia. 

3. Early Metallic Currency in the New Englaud 

The foot-ball rules of the country are just now 
undergoing extensive "alterations and repairs." 

The Saturday Club concert, which was given in 
Town Hall, January 29th, was especially attractive- 
Short, 1901, served a Welsh rabbit to some of 
his friends in North Winthrop the other Saturday 

Cram, '99, is out of college on the U. S. S. Pish 
Hawk of the Fish Commission, which is at work in 
southern waters. 

J. D. Sinkinson, '99, who has been in New York 
ou account of the illness of his brother, has 
returned to college. 

A quartette from the Mandolin Club furnished 
music for the Odd Fellow's public installation last 
Wednesday evening. 

The college Mandolin Club, sixteen in number 
had their picture taken at Webber's studio, last 
Wednesday morning. 

An original drawing, by the late Du Maurier, 
has been added to the already fine collection at the 
Walker Art Building. 

Students intending to work during the coming 
summer have commenced to plan and to count 
their unhatched chicks. 

We wonder if the original ancients ever had so 
much snow at their feet as their likenesses on the 
Art Building now stand in. 

Byron Stevens has published a book of verse, 
by Professor Henry Johnson. It is called " Where 
Beauty Is, and Other Poems." 

The relay team has been matched against a 
Harvard team. It is to be regretted that there are 
not better facilities for training here. 

Mrs. William A. Houghton entertained Madame 
Blauvelt upon her recent visit to Brunswick, with 
Chapman's Maine Symphony Orchestra. 

The members of the Theta Delta Chi fraternity 
rode down to Jake's, Saturday before last, and par- 

took of one of his famous shore suppers. It was a 
merry time. 

A surprisingly large amount of letters leave the 
college every Sunday night. How many sweet- 
hearts and mothers are made happy, Monday ! 

A clever charcoal drawing, advertising the 
Bowdoin Quill, has been in the window of Byron 
Stevens' bookstore. It is the work of Lawrence, '98. 

The January number of the Quill has a new 
cover design, drawn by Lawrence, '98. It is a grad- 
uation silhouette in minature frame of the poet 

The annual concert (tf Brunswick's Saturday 
Club was given at the Town Hall, last Saturday 
eveniug. This year the Eichberg Quartette (string) 
was secured. 

Bob Evans is peddling pop-corn, corn-cakes, and 
cigarettes through the ends these winter evenings. 
We have needed such a man ever since Uncle 
Bradbury died. 

Thursday was the Day of Prayer for colleges, 
and special services were held. Many of the stu- 
dents took advantage of the recess and spent the 
day at their homes. 

The Senior Class of Freeport High School had 
their class pictures taken last Friday by Webber; 
incidentally they took in chapel service, the gym., 
and several of the buildings. 

Byron Philoon, '99, a member of the Orient 
Board, who has been very sick with typhoid fever, 
at his home in Auburn, is at college again. His 
friends are glad to have him back. 

One of the Orient's exchanges, the Blaclisonensis, 
has adopted the rather novel method of requiring 
all candidates for the editorial staff to write reviews 
of a certain number of specified books. 

In the lists of "Merrill's Teachers' Agency" are 
found the names of ten or a dozen Bowdoin aien, 
alumni, who either are desirous of securing posi- 
tions as teachers or of changing those held at 

The two men elected to fill vacancies in the 
corps of library assistants are Bragdon aud Lee, 
both of 1900. They were chosen in a competitive 
examination, in which there were some twenty-five 

Again that most bare-faced of all circular letters, 
advertising all sorts of " college essays, orations, 
and debates, $3.00 to $15.00," has reached us. Such 
a firm could not exist from year to year unless 



patronized, and this, unfortunately, speaks ratliev 
poorly of the undergraduate honesty of the country. 

Professor Hutchins gave an interesting illus- 
trated lecture on the Cathode ray before the Sopho- 
more Physics Class last week. At the close of the 
hour the members of the class were allowed to 
look at their bones. 

The Glee Club was sorely disappointed on the 
Day of Prayer, at not being allowed to render their 
second selection, for which they waited so patiently. 
They may console themselves with the fact that 
they heard an excellent address by Dr. Lewis. 

Bishop Neally visited St Paul's, Sunday before 
last, when conQrmatiou was ministered. Among 
those couflrmed were C. C. Smith, '96, and H. M. 
Folsom, 1900. The Bishop attended chapel in the 
afternoon and gave an address before the students 
on "Reality." 

The Colby Echo has at last made a re-appearance, 
but in a novel form. It is now a four-page weekly, 
and its first issue is very readable. If it is able to 
maintain its standard there can be no doubt as to 
its success. Its news is up-to-date, and its edito- 
rials well-written. May it prosper. 

Last Thursday, being the Day of Prayer for 
Colleges, the usual exercises of the various classes 
were suspended, and a service was held in the 
chapel in the forenoon, on wbich occasion the stu- 
dent body listened to an able address by the Rev. 
George Lewis, D.D., of South Berwick. Dr. Lewis 
is an honorary Bowdoin man, of the Class of '94, 
and has a son in the present Freshman Class. 

Abbott H. Thayer, whose mural painting " Flor- 
ence " adorns the south wall of the sculpture hall 
in the Art Building, has sold a painting, entitled 
" Caritas," to the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. 
It is rather interesting to note that the central 
figure of this latter work is the same as that of the 
" Florence" piece, with a slight change of pose. The 
two children, symbolizing painting and sculpture, 
which are in the Bowdoin picture, also appear in 
" Caritas," but are there divested of the symbols 
of art. 

Realizing the difficulty of making classes of 
thirty master a modern language, and feeling 
that there is a need of more personal relation than 
can exist between a teacher and classes of such 
size, Bowdoin has introduced assistants in French 
and German, who meet the lower-classmen in 
divisions of four or five once a week, when special 
training is given in the fundamentals of the lan- 

guages. As mentioned in our last issue, R. R. 
Goodell, '93, is assisting Professor Johnson in French , 
and F. H. Dole, '97, is assisting Professor Files in 

The Orient publishes the following, hoping 
some of the students may be interested : 

The Century's Prizes for College Graduates. 

With the aim of encouraging literary activity 
among college graduates, The Century Magazine 
offers to give, annually, during four successive years, 
three prizes of $250 each, open to the competition 
of persons who receive the degree of Bachelor of 
Arts in any college or university in the United States 
during the commencement seasous of 1897, 1898, 
1899, 1900. 

First. — S250 for the best metrical writing of not fewer 
than fifty lines. 

Second. — S250 for the best essay in the field of biog- 
raphy, history, or literary criticism, of not fewer than 
four thousand or more than eight thousand words. 

Third.— jf250 for the best story of not fewer than four 
thousand or more than eight thousand words. 

On or before June 1st of the year succeeding grad- 
uation, competitors must submit type-written man- 
uscript to the Editor of The Century Magazine 
' marked, outside and inside, " For the College Com- 
petition," signed by a pen-name, and accompanied 
by the name and address of the author in a separate 
sealed envelope, which will not be opened until the 
decision has been made. The manuscript submitted 
must be the product of literary work done after 
graduation, and must not have been published. ,A 
circular giving full details concerning the compe- 
tition will be sent to any address by The Century 
Co., Union Square, New York. 

One of the features of a co-educational institu- 
tion has been brought to the attention of the Okient 
recently, more forcibly than ever. In the last issue 
of the Colby Echo is published a list of the engage- 
ments of the students announced recently about 
college. Seven of the students of both sexes have 
entered upon the preliminaries of matrimony, five 
Seniors and two Sophomores. This is indeed a 
record of which Colby may well be proud, and it 
speaks volumes for co-education. All the matri- 
monial bureaus in the country will soon be cast into 
the shade if our colleges all turn co- educational. 
Libera nos, Domine ! 

A writer in the Telegraph has at last dared to 
criticise the sidewalks of Brunswick. For years, 
the college has realized their shocking condition, 
but it was deemed dangerous to mention the subject. 
If Brunswick needs walks, what does the college 
need? Of all inconvenient, dangerous, and ill-kept 
walks, ours are the most so. The Telegraph 
utters these truthful remarks: "We wonder if 
the greatest need of our town, at present, is not 



good sidewalks? With a few exceptions, notably 
that of Main Street, we have scarcely a sidewalk 
worthy of the name; for when there is mud in the 
street there is nearly as much on the sidewalk, 
and to our mind, there is but little choice between 
walking through mud four inches deep on the side- 
walk, and five inches in the street. Towns much 
smaller than Brunswick have good concrete walks. 
Why may not we liave those or something better?'' 

Lincoln's Birthday is our next holiday, and it 
comes on Saturday, the 12th of February. 

The recent heavy storms have piled the campus 
with several feet of snow. The walks are deep 
valleys, running in all directions. Won't the first 
thaw work havoc with this mass! 

It is decidedly unfortunate for the Seniors that 
no hot water can be obtained by them at the Gym . 
The preceding classes use it all. 'Twas not so when 
the old fireman was with us. We prefer a little 
less virtue on the part of our fireman, and a little 
more heat. 

The first concert of the Glee and Mandolin Clubs 
was given at Armory Hall, Bath, before a large and 
enthusiastic audience. The Glee Club sang with 
great force and accuracy, showing that Leader 
Drake has drilled them with great success. Leader 
White of the Mandolin Club showed great enter- 
prise in having the Bride-Elect for his club, inas- 
much as it is of but a fortnight's age. The concert 
was greatly enjoyed by all, and the club proved 
itself a most competent one. The hit of the even- 
ing was made by Thompson in his reading, he being 
called back again and again. The only way he 
could silence the audience was by rendering his 
"Gondola" story, which produced the desired 
effect. The programme : 

Part I. 
The Bride-:plect March— Sousa. Mandolin Club. 

We are Foresters Free and Bold— Reyloff. Glee Club. 
The Darkles' Cradle Song— Mandolin Quartette— Wheeler. 
Messrs. Merrill, Moulton, White, and Pennell. 
Tell Her I Love Her So— De Faye. Glee Club. 

Selection — Jack and the Beanstalk — Arr. by Barker. 

Mandolin Club. 
Part II. 
The Beetle and the Flower— Veir. Glee Club. 

Mandola Solo. Mr. Jordan. 

Ye Catte— Seymore Smith. Glee Club. 

Reading. Mr. Thompson. 

Serenade Rococo— Mayer-Helmund. Mandolin Club. 

Bowdoin Beata— Words by H. H. Pierce, '96. 

Glee and Mandolin Clubs. 

The annual elections of the Senior Class of 
the Bowdoin Medical School were held Saturday. 

The following officers were elected: President, 
Edville Gerhardt Abbott of West Sullivan; First 
Vice-President, Joseph PYanklin Starritt of Warren ; 
Second Vice-President, Benjamin Franklin Sturgis, 
Jr., of Auburn; Third Vice-President, Lewis Frank- 
lin Soule, A.B., of Phillips; Secretary, John Wil- 
liam Joyce of Lewistou ; Treasurer, George Edward 
Washburn of Augusta; Orator, Walter Scott Abbott 
Kimball, A.B., of Portland; Marshal, Herbert 
Allen Black of Augusta; Executive Committee, 
Henry Libby Elliott of Thomaston, Byron Wesley 
McKeen of Fryeburg, Elbridge Gerry Allen Stet- 
son of Brunswick, Thomas Henry McDonough of 

The Politics Club, composed of Seniors, met 
with Baxter and Young at South Appleton, ou the 
evening of the 24th, and organized. The club con- 
sists at present of thirteen members : Professor 
Emery, Fames, Blake, Marble, Baxter, Hamlin, 
Dana, Ives, Young, Sargent, Sturgis, Laycock, and 
Lane. There are to be three new members elected 
from applicants. The object of the club is repre- 
sented by its name, and it is both political and 
social. International politics are informally discussed 
at the meetings in connection with a " rabbit." 
The officers are Baxter, President; Ives, Vice-Pres- 
ident; and Sturgis, Secretary aud Treasurer. These 
three constitute the Executive Committee. 

The first Junior Assembly, held in the Town 
Hall last Wednesday evening, was a very enjoyable 
affair. There were about fifty couples. The even- 
ing trains brought about two score of young ladies 
from Bath, Lewiston, and Auburn. The patron- 
esses were Mrs. William DeW. Hyde, Mrs. Frank- 
lin C. Robinson, Mrs. Leslie A. Lee, Mrs. Henry 
Johnson, Mrs. William A. Houghton, and Mrs. 
Stevens, a guest of Mrs. Houghton. The college 
orchestra furnished excellent music, and the whole 
thing was pronounced a success. The young ladies 
from Lewistou and Auburn were chaperoned by 
Mrs. Frank H. Briggs of Auburn, and those from 
Bath, by Mrs. Lincoln of Bath. The assembly was 
one of the most successful ever given, if not the 
most so, and its success augurs for the coming 
dances of the Junior Class. The committee are 
endeavoring to make the second assembly superior 
to the first. 

President Eliot of Harvard has issued a state- 
ment favoring the game of foot-ball and condemning 
the bill passed by the Georgia legislature to prohibit 
the game. 



The regular meeting of tfio G-eovge Evans Debat- 
ing Society was held in the Modern Language 
Room, Tuesday evening, January 25th, First Vice- 
President Woodbury presiding. The meeting was 
opened with a selection by the Glee Club, and then, 
after reading of the minutes and routine business, 
the society proceeded to the debate. 

The subject for the evening was, "Resolved, That 
the United States should speedily annex Hawaii," 
and the principal disputants were, Aflirmative — 
Hall, '99, Nason, '99; Negative— Burnell, 1900, 
Bisbee, '98. Although the size of the audience was 
anything but inspiring, the debate proved a decided 
success. The speakers were well provided with 
ammunition and did not hesitate to use it, and a 
red-hot fire was kept up on both sides until nearly 
quarter of ten, when the debate was decided for 
the negative on the merits both of the question and 
of the principal disputants. 

The question for the next meeting, Tuesday, 
February 8th, is, "Resolved, That the Civil Service 
Reform should be made of much more general 

The society has been favored with a coterie of 
able speakers since the last number of the Orient. 

It is always agreeable to have new ideas and new 
men represented in the meetings. The Rev. Sum- 
ner R. Vinton, of McGill University, Montreal, gave 
a bright and interesting address on Friday night, 
January 28th. Mr. Vinton is a representative of 
the Student's Volunteer Mission Movement, and 
came to Bowdoin to induce the society here to send 
a representative to the convention of the associa- 
tion at Detroit, to be held soon. The Bowdohi 
society has practically decided to send at least one 
man. Mr. Vinton comes naturally by his mission 
work, as his father and grandfather were both 
missionaries to India. Mr. Vinton himself will go 
to India this year. 

The Rev. Mr. Russell, who is doing evangelical 
work in Topsham and vicinity, spoke before the 
society on January 23d, at the regular Sunday meet- 
ing, and on last Thursday evening. His address 
was upon evangelical concerns almost entirely; and 
was very interesting. 

Professor Woodruff spoke before the Association 
last Sunday on the re-adjustment of religious ideas 
and faith — the mental and spiritual evolution which 
takes place in the life of every man. From the time 
that a child talks till he is ten to fifteen years of 
age, be has a simple faith and omnipotent feeling 
of the orthodox blessings and punishments. There 
is very often a lapse — perhaps it were better to call 
it a relapse — from this little era in which a laxation 
of all things spiritual takes possession of the youth. 
But after this agnostic impulse, there comes in the 
lives of all good men, a better realization of the 
great truths, a clearer and more original concep- 
tion in religion. It was of this re-adjustment of 
thought that Professor Woodruff made an enter- 
taining and helpful talk. 

The 28th annual meeting 
of the Bowdoin alumni of 
Portland and vicinity, was held on 
Saturday, January 29th, at the Con- 
gress Square Hotel. The anniversary 
poem was given by Mr. Frederick W. 
Pickard of the Class of 1894, and Mr. George Mel- 
ville Seiders of the Class of 1872 acted as toast- 
master. The business meeting was at seven o'clock 
P.M., and at its close dinner was served. 

Med., '59. — At the annual meeting of the Maine 
Genealogical Society held recently, A. K. P. Mes- 
erve, M.D., was elected vice-president, and Fred- 
erick 0. Conant, '80, secretary. 

'41. — An exchange gives: 

The home of ex-Governor Robie, Gorham, on the 
19th, enjoyed a double-headed church celebration, in 
part the dedication of a beautiful brick and granite 
$12,000 chapel, connected with the Congregational 
Church, and in part the centennial anniversay of 
the church itself. Ex-Governor Robie, who has 
been the largest contributor and the most tireless 
worker for the new structure, delivered an historical 
address, teeming with statistics and replete with 
entertaining information. 

'46. — Dr. Abial Libby, whose death at Richmond, 
Me., of heart disease, on January 4th, was noted in 
the last Orient, was one of the oldest and best 
known physicians in Maine. He was born in 1822, 
in Gardiner. For fifty years he practiced medicine 



at Richmond, and during the war was surgeon of 
the 4tli Maine Rogiraont. 

'66.— Governor Powers recently nominated Prof. 
Henry L. Chapman trustee of the State Normal 

70. — Comptroller James A. Roberts of New 
York has recently published his annual report. 
He proposes radical reforms in the taxing system of 
the State, and in fact publishes a thesis upon an 
entirely new system of taxation. He would abolish 
local taxation for the State purposes, also real and 
personal property taxes for State purposes. An 
increase in the collateral inheritance tax and the 
State's confiscation of the entire liquor tax law are 
measures he advocates. His views are independent 
and honest, in fact they are directly opposed to the 
State Tax Commissioners' plan which is now being 
prepared. Mr. Roberts evidently possesses the 
courage of his conviction. 

N., '72.— Dr. Frank A. Mitchell of Brighton, one 
of the best known physicians in northern Cumber- 
land County, died recently. He was stricken with 
paralysis last summer, and he never recovered from 
it. He was the son of the late Rev. John Mitchell, 
at one time a very prominent Maine Methodist 
clergyman. Dr. Mitchell leaves a wife and one son. 

Med., '74. -Dr. E. E. Holt left for Albany, N. T., 
yesterday, to attend a meeting of the Laryngologi- 
cal, Rhinological and Octological Society. 

'75. — An exchange gives the following : 

Dr. D. A. Sargent of Harvard says that their 
gymnasium is not well enough patronized, and 
proposes three methods by which physical exercise 
may be made more general. First, every student 
must pass an examination once a terra, showing 
improvement in his physical condition ; second, a 
number of courses in gymnasium work, something 
like those given in the summer school, and count- 
ing toward a degree, should be established on a 
basis similar to the other courses in the university; 
third, a course consisting of three hours of gymna- 
sium work and one lecture on hygiene a week 
should be required of the Freshman Class. This 
course should be obligatory, but should count as a 
half course toward the degree. 

'76.— Bion Wilson recently resigned his position 
as National Bank Examiner for Maine. His suc- 
cessor has not yet been appointed, although recom- 
mendations have been made. 

Med., '76. — Dr. Irvin E. Kimball has gone South 
for a trip of several weeks. 

N., '78.— Hon. Isaac W. Dyer, Saturday last, 
qualified as United States district attorney for the 
District of Maine. The ceremony took place before 
Judge Webb, h., '90, in the chambers of the United 
States Court. The retiring incumbent. Col. Albert 

W. Bradbury, '60, said that inasmuch as Mr. Dyer 
had been a former occupant of the office he felt 
that any words of introduction regarding the newly 
appointed attorney would be superfluous. Mr. 
Dyer then stepped forward and took the several 
oaths prescribed by the federal law. Judge Webb 
then ordered the clerk to spread upon the records 
the commission and oaths of District Attorney 
Dyer. At the adjournment of court, Mr. Dyer 
received hearty congratulations and expressions of 
best wishes for a successful administration from the 
officials of the court. He will at once enter upon 
the discharge of his duties. 

'81.— Hon. Frederick C. Stevens of St. Paul, 
Minn., one of the most brilliant of the younger mem- 
bers of the National House of Representatives, is to 
address the Lincoln Club of Portland at their 
annual banquet on the 12th. Mr. Stevens spent 
his boyhood in Rockland, Me., and graduated from 
Bowdoin College in 1881. He was admitted to the 
bar in 1884, and has since that time practiced law 
in St. Paul. 

H., '81.— Hon. James P. Baxter of Portland is to 
deliver an address, entitled "New England," before 
the American Geographical Society at Washington, 
at its next annual meeting early in February. 

Med., '86.— A selection of books from the med- 
ical library of the late Dr. William Lawrence Dana 
has been presented to the Medical School of Maine, 
in which he was a valued instructor during the 
greater part of his short, but brilliant career. 

'87.— The appointment of John V. Lane of the 
Class of '87 to the position of assistant postmaster 
of Augusta, leaves vacant on the Journal of that 
city the position of associate editor. After Mr. 
Lane graduated from college, he went to Augusta 
and assumed the duties of city editor on the Jour- 
nal. Later on, for a year or two, he was night 
editor, and for the past five years has occupied 
the responsible position of associate editor. His 
work in that position has given him a place in the 
front rank of Maine newspaper workers. 

'87.— Clarence B. Burleigh, president of the 
Maine Press Association, presided at its annual 
meeting held at Portland on Thursday last. 

'89. — Frank M. Russell, who is in business jn 
Boston, was the guest of the Theta Delta Chi 
Fraternity recently. 

'90.— Prof. Wilmot B. Mitchell delivered his 
interesting and instructive lecture on " Books and 
Reading," at Potter Academy, the 18th. The 
selections from "Othello" and "Silas Marner" 
were especially good. 



'92.— The suit brought by Arthur L. Hersey of 
Portland, against the Maine Central for damages 
for assault and illegal arrest has been settled and 
there will be no trial. It will be remembered that 
the trouble occurred over a mileage ticket, the con- 
ductor claiming that the ticket Hersey had was not 
his, and causing his arrest on the arrival of the 
train at Portland for alleged evading payment of fare. 
It is said the Maine Central pays Hersey $1,250. 

'92. — A very happy wedding was consummated 
on Wednesday afternoon, the I9th, at the residence 
of Mr. and Mrs. Elton W. \Yare of Bangor, when 
their daughter, Miss Maude Warren Ware, became 
the wife of Rev. Earl Boynton Wood of that city. 
The house was filled with guests bidden to the cere- 
mony. The sister of the bride. Miss Ada May 
Ware, attended her as maid of honor, and the 
brother of the groom, Mr. G-orham Henry Wood, 
N., '95, acted as best man. The bride and groom 
left on the 8 o'clock train for a wedding journey, 
and upon their return will reside in Fort Fairfield, 
where Rev. Mr. Wood has been called to the pas- 
torate of the Congregational Church for a year. 
They vi'ill be at home there after March 1st. 

'92. — It is seldom that a doctor's thesis receives 
notice in a critical magazine, yet Professor Emery's 
"Speculation on the Stock and Produce Exchanges 
of the United States" is reviewed at length, and 
favorably in The Economic Journal, the journal 
of the British Economic Association. 

'94.— The marriage of Rev. Albert J. Lord, '94, 
of Hartford, Vt., and Miss Maude Phillips, was per- 
formed at Ellsworth at the Congregational Church, 
and was a most fashionable affair. Miss Annie C. 
Emery, daughter of Judge L. A. Emery, '61, was 
maid of honor, and Rev. Alfred V. Bliss, '94, of Ban- 
gor, was best man. Three of the ushers were 
classmates of the groom, B. B. Whitcombe, H. A. 
Moore, and F. W. Flood, all of '94. A reception 
was held at the home of the bride's parents, Mr. 
Hosea B. Phillips, at the close of the ceremony. 
The couple took the evening train for a short tour 
through the New England States. The groom is 
the pastor of the Congregational Church at Hart- 
ford and graduated from the Andover Theological 
Seminary. They will reside at Hartford. 

'95.-6. P. Mayo was admitted to practice law 
in the courts of McKeeu County, Penn., in December, 
1897, and on the first of January, 1898, went into 
partnership with his father. The new firm will he 
known as E. R. Mayo & Son. 

'95.— The engagement is announced of Miss 
Margaret Knowles, teacher of Science in the Bristol 

(Conn.) High School, and Fred 0. Small, principal 
of Washington Academy in East Machias. Miss 
Knowles is a graduate of Bates, '97, carrying off 
the "first honors" in the class. Mr. Small has 
been principal of Washington Academy for the 
past two years. 

'96. — The many friends of J. C. Minot will be 
glad to learn that he has been appointed to the 
responsible position on the Kennebec Journal for- 
merly filled by Mr. Lane, '87. The Journal says 
editorially of Mr. Minot : 

Mr. Minot fitted for college at the Cony High 
School in this city. He graduated from Bowdoin in 
the Class of 1896. During the four years of his 
course at Bowdoin he served as the Journal's cor- 
respondent there. He was also, during his Junior 
year, the managing editor of the college paper, the 
Bo-WDOIN Orient. In the winter of 1892-3, he did 
the Journal's Gardiner work and assisted the night 
editor. Last winter he served with marked efli- 
ciency as our general legislative reporter. At the 
close of the session he went to work upon the text 
of the Journal's soMYemr edition, which was issued 
last June. The results of his labors speak for them- 
selves. During the summer months ho was in the 
editorial rooms as associate editor, and for two 
weeks, during the vacation season, conducted this 
department of the paper entirely alone. For the 
past few months he has been engaged in the study 
of law in the oflBce of L. C. Cornish, Esq. 

'96.— Walter S. A. Kimball of Portland has 
been elected orator of the graduating class at the 
Maine Medical school. 


Hall of Theta or a k e, ? 
January 28, 1898. \ 

Whereas, We have learned with profound sorrow 
of the decease of Ephraim Chamberlain Cummings, 
our loyal and beloved brother of the Class of 1853; 

Resolved, That in him our Fraternity loses one 
who always took a deep interest in our welfare, and 
whose noble qualities made him respected and 
loved of all; 

Resolved, That we grievously lament his death, 
and extend our warmest sympathy to the members 
of his afflicted family ; 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be 
sent the relatives of the deceased and to the 
Bowdoin Orient. 

Edwaed Hutchins, 
Peecital Proctor Baxter, 
Rot Leon Maeston, 

Committee for the Chapter. 



Book I^eyiew§. 

(With Pipe and Book, a Colloctiou of College 
Verse; chosen by Joseph Le Roy Harrison. Pres- 
ton & Rounds Company, Providence, 1897.) It 
will be remembered that Mr. Flarrison is the editor 
of the "Cap and Gown" series of college verse. 
That in itself is sofflcient guarantee for this, his 
most recent book, which pursues the same general 
principle— that of collecting the best verses from 
college magazines of recent date. Mr. Harrison has 
done this to perfection, liis selections being admi- 
rable. Many of the verses we have seen in their 
original papers, and it is well they are to be pre- 
served. The professional magazines of the country 
cannot surpass some of the poems here contained. 
Although the volume is much less pretentious than 
his former, its standard has by no means been 
lowered. Neatly bound with a sort of poster cover, it 
makes a most attractive volume, one to be read at 
odd intervals, and when once read, re-read, for it 
will bear any amount of repetition. The poem 
from which it takes its name is this: 

With pipe and book, an old arm-chair, 
A glowing hearth, what need I care 
For empty honors, wealth, or fame ? 
Grant me but this : an honest name, 
A cup of ale, a coat to wear, 
And then, while smoke wreaths rift the air. 
The banquet of the gods I share ; 
Content to sit before the flame 
AVith pipe and book. 

Above the city's noisy glare. 
Yet sweet, tho' humble, is my fare ; 
For changing not from praise to blame 
These faithful friends are still the same- 
No earthly comforts can compare 
With pipe and book. 

(Select Documents Illustrative of the History of 
the United States, 1776-1861; Edited with Notes 
by William MacDonald. The Macuiillan Companv, 
New York and London, 1898. .f2.25.) This work 
meets the needs of teachers and students who desire 
to have, in a single volume of moderate size and cost, 
an accurately printed collection of important docu- 
ments illustrative of the constitutional history of 
the United States. The selections, ninety-seven in 
number, cover the period from 1776 to 1861— from 
the adoption of the Declaration of Independence to 
the outbreak of tlie Civil War. The documents are 
given either in full or in significaut extracts, as 
their nature and importance seemed to indicate, 
and follow in each case an official or authoritative 
text. Each document is prefaced by a brief intro- 
duction and a select bibliography. The introduc- 
tion is restricted to an account of the circumstances 
of the document itself, with special reference to 
its legislative, diplomatic, or legal history. The 
bibliogi'apliies indicate the collateral documentary 
sources and the most important general discussions. 
For the guidance of students, a general bibliograph- 
ical note on the use of the printed sources, particu- 
larly the Congressional documents, has been added. 

While none of t)ie documents are new or rare, 
many of them have not heretofore been readily 
accessible, save to those students who have access 
to large libraries; and such a collection as is now 
for the first time offered will be welcomed by teach- 
ers of American history who desire to enlarge the 
study of documentary material by their classes, but 
who have thus far been prevented from so doing 
either by inability to obtain for class use the docu- 
ments desired, or by the practical difficulty of mak- 
ing effective use of a text where only a single copy 
is available. 

The volume is adapted for use in connection with 
any narrative text-book on the period, or as a 
manual to accompany lectures. Therefore it will 
be found useful not only in colleges and universities 
offering extended courses in the constitutional and 
political history of the United States, but also in 
high schools and academies in which the study of 
American history is now receiving increased atten- 

The work is upon the same general plan as 
" Preston's Documents Illustrative of American His- 
tory," but it deals on the whole with later docu- 
ments. It is one of the most thorough volumes ever 
published. Nothing has escaped the notice of its 
author, and even the most critical historian will 
find everything to his taste. Professor MacDonald 
is to be congratulated upon his work, which fills a 
long-felt want. 

( The Federal Judge. A Novel by Charles K. 
Lush. Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston and New 
York, 1897.) In the Federal Judge we have a well- 
written modern novel. Its characters are true to 
life and there is no tendency to overdraw either 
their faults or their virtues. The scene is laid in 
the Northwest, where great commercial interests 
center, and from first to last it teaches the great 
principle of "the force of environment." Prom the 
judge who was influenced unwittingly to support 
the schemes of greedy corporations, whose decisions 
were used to strengthen one faction against another, 
to the magnate who led a double life and died before 
he could escape from the country with his ill-gotten 
wife and worse-gotten gains, everything follows a 
logical course of events. Mr. Lush has drawn his 
characters with remarkable force, and he is free 
from that too common fad of leaving too much to 
the imagination. His story is finished definitely, 
and that is a relief after having read so many ^'w-rie- 
siecle books, which leave their readers in a more 
unsatisfactory state at the end than at the begin- 
ning. It is an wholesome book and one showing 
certain phases of modern life in a true light. It 
reminds one very strongly of the play, " The Hen- 
rietta," which treats of similar matters located in 
New York, rather than the Nortwest. It is indeed 
one of the strongest novels of the year, of the 
political and social type. 

Books to be reviewed : " Practical Idealism," by 
William DeW. Hyde, D.D. ; " Where Beauty Is, and 
Other Poems," by Henry Johnson; " Varia," by 
Agnes Repplier. 


Vol. XXVII. 


No. 14. 




Percival p. Baxter, '98, Editor-in-Chief. 
Roy L. Marston, '99, Assistant Editor-in-Chief. 
Frank L. Dctton, '99, Business Manager. 
Joseph W. Whitney, 1900, Assistant Business Manager. 
Thomas L. Marble, '98. James P. Webber, 1900. 
John W. Condon, '98. Drew B. Hall, '99. 

Byron S. Philoon, '99. Percy A. Babe, 1900. 

Per annum, in advance. 
Single Copies, 

. . . $2.00. 
15 Cents. 

Extra copies can be obtained at the bookstores or on applica- 
tion to the Business Manager. 

Itenuttances should he made to the Business Man.ager. Com- 
munications in regard to all other mattei-s should be directed to 
the Editor-in-Chief. 

Students, Professors, and Alumni are invited to contribute 
literary articles, personals, and items. Conti'ibutions must be 
accompanied by writer's name, as well as the signature which 
he wishes to have appended. 

Contributions for Bowdoin Verse Department should he sent 
to Box 960, Brunswick, Me. 

Personal items should be sent to Box 945, Brunswick, Me. 

Entered at the Post-OfBce at Brunswick as Second-Glass Mail Matter. 
Printed at the Journal OFriOE, Lewiston. 


Vol. XXVII., No. 14.— February 16, 1898. 

Editorial Notes 223 

Annual Meeting of the Boston Alumni 226 

Annual Meeting of the Portland Alumni .... 227 
Bowdoin Verse : 

The Tokens 227 

CoLLEGH Tabula 229 

Debating Society , 233 

Y. M. C. A 233 

Book Reviews 234 

Personal 237 

3 splendid success which the Glee 
and Mandolin Clubs of this season have had 
and are still having must surely be gratifying 
to all interested in the affairs of the college. 
After the concert given at Memorial Hall 
the clubs were praised in the highest terms, 
and the audience, composed largely of stu- 
dents, who are apt to be very critical on such 
occasions, was thoroughly satisfied. Without 
doubt our musical organization is the best 
we have as yet produced, and it deserves great 
credit. It is of no use to be parsimonious 
with praise when it can and should be freely 
given. We are often too ready to criticise 
any unsuccessful undertaking, but we are 
rarely too prompt to commend a successful 
one. Although criticism is of great good at 
times, it might be better if we should praise 
rather more than criticise, and also if we 
should be too free in bestowing praise rather 
than not free enough. Too much, however, 
cannot be said in commending the Glee and 
Mandolin Clubs ; their work is artistic and 
fully up-to-date in every particular. Both the 
leaders of the clubs, Mr. White and Mr. 
Drake, may congratulate themselves upon 
their work. Mr. Thompson as reader is a 
pronounced success, and he adds greatly to 
the charm of the concerts. 

The musical clubs represent the college as 



much as her athletic teams, only in a different 
manner, and they possess the additional virtue 
of being self-supporting. Nevertheless their 
interests are ours, and whatever moral sup- 
port we can give should be given freely. 

"TkURING the past few weeks, by the publi- 
■*-' cation of four important books, Bowdoin 
has taken a decided step upward in the world 
of literature. President Hyde's "Practical 
Idealism"; Professor MacDonald's "Select 
Documents"; Professor Johnson's "Where 
Beauty Is, and Other Poems," and Dr. Mason's 
"The Ten Laws" make an array of note- 
worthy productions that would cause any 
college in the land to stop a moment and 
gaze upon them with admiration not unmixed 
with pride. Philosophy, history, poetry, and 
religion are here represented, and most 
worthily so. When an institution of our 
size publishes four such volumes in about as 
man}' weeks, it is something of which to be 
proud; and it may safely be said that no such 
prolific literary activity ever was seen here 
before. If such a state of affairs is to con- 
tinue, as we hope it may, we should do well 
to have a "University Press" such as the 
larger institutions of the country have. The 
progressive spirit of our Faculty is shown in 
no better way than this; that of giving to 
the world the product of their thought; and 
nothing adds more to the prestige of an insti- 
tution than having its works largely read 
and used throughout the land. Judging 
from the comments of the newspapers, large 
and small, important and unimportant, and 
there is no surer method of obtaining the 
opinion of the public, these books have with- 
out exception met with unqualified success. 
"Practical Idealism" is the embodiment 
of President Hyde's advanced philosophic 
thought; itis abook that not only adds greatly 
to his fame, but that also will be of great 
influence in moulding the philosophy of the 
day, especially practical philosophy. Pro- 

fessor MacDonald's book will be of inesti- 
mable value to the student of history, as it 
places inaccessible manuscripts and material 
at his disposal. It is a book for the student 
of history who deals with his subject in the 
modern method. Professor Johnson's book 
of verse is indeed a collection of marvel- 
lously beautiful poems. Many of his poems, 
though not containing the philosophy of a 
technical work, are truly philosophic in their 
nature, and they will powerfully influence 
their readers. Dr. Mason's book we claim as 
our own, though not published directly under 
the shado'w of the college. It is a volume of 
practical sermons, such as all enjoy reading 
and hearing. 

The alumni feel no less proud of this 
quartet of books than the undergraduates, 
and all hope that not only will more from the 
same pens be given us, but also that other 
members of our Faculty may publish works 
which will reflect such honor upon our insti- 

'UFTER having endured so many trials and 
I ^ inconveniences in the gymnasium, we 
are cheered through the present term by 
the promise that next summer the gym is to 
be thoroughly overhauled and put into excel- 
lent condition. This is indeed good news for 
suffering humanity; when we have our reno- 
vated quarters gym work, though compul- 
sory, will be a pleasure. No longer will it 
be considered in the light of a bore, for noth- 
ing is more attractive or more beneficial than 
a well-equipped gymnasium. Our gym facil- 
ities for the past few years have been rather 
poor, in fact they have steadily deteriorated 
from bad to worse, and the news is therefore 
doubly welcome that no longer are we to suffer. 
New bathing facilities, new locker room, and 
new fittings are to be given us, and then all 
will be pleasant and agreeable. The author- 
ities have for some time realized the short- 
comings of the gymnasium, but the way 



has not seemed clear to promise any rad- 
ical reforms. Now everything appears to be 
assured, and all maj' give thanks from the 
depths of their hearts. With this prospect 
there is no need for further complaint, 
the petty trials of this term may be laughed 
at, and plans laid for the future. 

BRUNSWICK, and no less the college, has 
complained for years that a suitable hotel 
was not to be found in the town, and such 
unfortunately was the case. A good hotel is 
indispensable, and such an establishment has 
long been needed here. Not onl}^ at com- 
mencement does the college patronize the 
hotel, but throughout the year relatives and 
guests must be provided for, and if suitable 
accommodations are obtainable the number 
of such visitors is greatly enlarged. There- 
fore we have all hoped for a change, and it 
has finally come. When the Tontine caught 
fire it might have been better for it to have 
burned down completely, then an entirely 
new building might have been erected ; but 
it did not. Nevertheless the old hotel has 
received so thorough an overhauling that it 
would hardly be recognized. Everything has 
been put in first-class order, and its proprietor 
is to be congratulated upon his new accom- 
modations. From attic to cellar the house 
is practically new ; this is especially so with 
its culinary department. Students as well 
as towns-folk may now congratulate them- 
selves upon the excellent accommodations of 
Landlord Huntoon. May he keep his house 
fully up-to-date, and liave everything in as 
perfect order in the future as it is at present. 
He is fully competent to do this, and he will. 

DESPITE the forebodings of certain under- 
graduates, not to mention alumni, the 
Quill seems to thrive wonderfully well. No 
arguments are needed to prove this if one 
will but examine the Februar}^ issue, which 

appeared yesterday. If that is not a healthy, 
prospering, live paper it would be difficult 
to find one. The second volume of the 
Quill has entered upon its course with 
flying colors, and bids fair so to continue. 
Professor Chapman's " Diogenes " is a most 
effective character sketch, and it portrays 
this old college habituS to perfection. " A 
Chance Rencontre " and " Choice of Valen- 
tines" are both interesting, lively stories, 
while "A Sonnet on King's Chapel" is about 
as striking a bit of poetry as has been pub- 
lished for some time at Bowdoin. " Swiped " 
is one of the best verses of its kind that we 
have seen. As for the departments, too 
high praise can not be given them, they are 
bright and to the point. The new depart- 
ment called "Grey Goose Tracks" is par- 
ticularly spicy, and an added charm is lent 
Dy the lack of all knowledge as to its author- 
ship. In his arraignment of the student 
body for their lack of spirit the author of 
"Silhouettes" and the "Grey Goose" man as 
well, touches upon a time-worn and time- 
honored theme, but one which never grows 
stale. Year after year the Orient holds forth 
every now and then upon this subject, and 
probably the Quill will. It is one of our 
stock editorials, and will so continue as long 
as we remain human. The chairman of 
the QuiU is eminently just, nevertheless, in 
his criticism ; when less than 50 students 
attend a Glee Club Concert, affairs have 
reached rather a low ebb. If writing would 
remedy matters, we should sermonize every 
issue, but it won't, unless backed by some- 
thing more substantial. A college dinner is 
suggested, and a royal good thing it would 
be. The gymnasium might be used and a 
rousing time had. The whole affair should 
be conducted by the students themselves, 
and the Faculty and some of the alumni 
invited. Nothing would serve to give 
college spirit a better start than such a 
dinner. It need not be very expensive, if 



all would share, and it would repay us many 
times over. A few good speeches from the 
Faculty and one or two alumni, and some 
remarks by representative students would 
make an evening long to be remembered. 
Nothing will be accomplished, however, un- 
less some action is taken ; if all hang back 
and fear to be aggressive in the matter, it 
never can materialize. Let each give it a 
good, strong push, and when the ball is once 
rolling, it will almost carry itself along. 

Another theme which has been harped 
upon until we all are weary, is a Press Club. 
We won't mention a single reason why one 
should be formed, however, but will simply 
say that a meeting of those interested will 
be held at the Orient office, Memorial Hall, 
Thursday, February 17th, at 5.30 p.m. If 
any of the newspaper representatives at 
college care to join in a serious attempt to 
collect the news of the college and publish it 
regularly iu some systematic form, they will 
be welcomed at this meeting. Only those 
need come, however, who are willing to work 
and to work hard for the welfare of the club, 
individually and collectively. All such are 

Annual Meeting of the Boston 
^ITHE Annual Dinner of the Bowdoin 
-»■ Alumni Association of Boston was held 
on the evening of the 9th, at the Copley 
Square Hotel, over one hundred members 
being present and ,enjoying addresses by 
President Hyde and Professor William Mac- 
Donald of the college, and Professor Egbert 
C. Smythe of Andover Seminary. Judge 
Daniel C. Linscott, '64, presided, and after 
the usual feast, introduced President Hyde, 
who was received vociferously by the grad- 
uates, old and young. President Hyde said 
that the college was never in better condi- 
tion than to-day, and that for the first time 
every department had at its head a competent 

professor. The college had received during 
the year f90,000 from the Fayerweather 
fund, and an additional $35,000 is expected. 
A new library building is one of the most 
pressing needs of the college, as there are at 
present over 4,000 volumes belonging to the 
institution for which there is no room. 

Professor MacDonald said that it was the 
object of the college now to fit men to suc- 
cessfully hold good positions. He urged 
the Boston alumni to remain loyal to their 
Alma Mater. 

Professor Smythe spoke in a general 
manner of college education. The following 
officers were elected: President, Oliver C. 
Stevens, '76; Vice-President, Professor A. E. 
Burton, '78; Secretary, William G. Reed, '82; 
Assistant Secretary, G. F. Bean, '97 ; Exec- 
utive Committee, T. J. Emery, '68; D. S. 
Lowell, '74; W. A. Robinson, '76; W. W. 
Towne, '81; C. F. Moulton, '87; E. H. God- 
ing, '91; and H. S. Chapman, '91. 

Among those jjresent were: 

Guilford S. Newcomb, '48 ; Rev. Jotham B. Sew- 
all, '48; Rev. E. C. Smythe, '48 ; George C. Robin- 
son, '49; Daniel C. Linscott, '54; Henry H. Smith, 
'54; John G. Stetson, '54; Reuben A. Rideout, '61; 
Edward Stanwood, '&1 ; Joseph W. Chadwick, '62; 
Professor George L. Goodale, '63; C. U. Bell, '63; 
S. W. Harmon, '65; Dr. Charles R. Brown, '65; 
Sylvester B. Carter, '66 ; James W. McDon.ald, '67; 
Thomas J. Emery, '68 ; Edward P. Payson, '69 ; Cas- 
sius C. Powers, '69 ; Alonzo G. Whitman, '70 ; Nathan 
D. A. Clarlse, '73 ; John F. Eliot, '73 ; W. M. Payson, 
74; Lucius B. Folsom, '85 ; Charles H. Wardwell, 
'86 ; Elmer E. Rideout, '86 ; George W. Parsons, '87 ; 
Thomas H. Ayer, '88 ; H. W. Jarvis, '91; Edward 
N. Coding, '91; Henry S. Chapman, '91; VV. P. 
Chamberlain, '93 ; C. C. Bucknam,'93 ; H. E. Andrews, 
'94; Louis C. Hatch, '95; Dr. Fred B. Colby, '95; 
J. E. Hicks, '95 ; George T. Ordway, '96 ; Francis 
C. Peakes, '96 ; Robert Newbegin, '96 ; T. C. Keohan, 
'97 ; Oscar E. Pease, '97 ; George S. Bean, '97 ; D. 
Weston Elliott, '97; John F. Libby, '85; Irving W. 
Home, '86; Edwin H. Hall, '76 ; Dudley A.Sargent, 
'76 ; Dr. Myles Standish, '75 ; George R. Swasey, '75 ; 
Dr. A. S. Whitmore, '75; Walter A. Robinson, '76; 
A. Sanford, '76; Oliver C. Stevens, '76; William G. 
Waitt, '76 ; John W. Achorn, '79 ; E. C. Burbank, '80 ; 



A. M. Edwards, '80 ; Charles Haggerty, '81 ; Will- 
iam W. Towle, '81 ; Herbert H. Chase, '82 ; Will- 
iam W. Curtis, '82; William G. Reed, '82; W. E. 
Mason, '82; Henry A. Bascom, '83; A. E. Austen, 
'83 ; Rev. C. W. Longren, '84 ; Wilson R. Butler, '84 ; 
F. W. Alexander, '85 ; Craig C. Choate, '87 ; Carroll 
M. Austin, '87 ; George A. Ingalls, '88 ; Dr. H. P. 
Smithwiols, '88; George L. Rogers, '89; Dr. Fred 
Drew, '91; Owen E. Hardy, '91; Dr. C. S. Wright, 
'91 ; Ervine D. Osborne, '92 ; Daniel Mclntire, '92 ; 
Albert M. Jones, '93; R. H. Hinl^ley, Jr., '94; H. L. 
Bagley, '94; A. H. Stetson, '95; Allen L. Churchill, 
'95; W. S. Bass, '96; W. E. Leighton, '95; J. E. 
Burbank, '96 ; R. S. Hagar, '97 ; D. C: Linscott, Jr., 
'97 ; Edgar G. Pratt, '97 ; H. R. Mclntyre, '98. 

Annual Meeting of the Portland 

TITHE twenty-eighth annual meeting of the 
-^ Bowdoin Alumni of Portland and vicinity 
was held Saturday evening, January 29th, at 
the Congress Square Hotel. 

The business meeting was called to order 
at 7 o'clock b}'' Judge Symonds, President 
of the Association. Messrs. Franklin C. Pay- 
son, Joseph A. Locke, and George F. McQuil- 
lan were appointed a committee to bring in a 
list of officers for the ensuing year, and they 
reported the following: 

President, Joseph W. Symonds ; Vice- 
Presidents, George F. Emery, Charles F. 
Libb}', Clarence Hale, Augustus F. Moul- 
ton, Prentiss Loring ; Secretary, Hannibal H. 
Emery; Executive Committee, George F. 
McQuillan, Virgil C. Wilson, Dr. C. A. Ring; 
Dinner Committee, Frederick O. Conaut, 
Richard C. Payson, William W. Thomas; 
Orator, George F. Emery ; Poet, E. S. Osgood ; 
Toast-master, Frederick H. Gerrish. 

At the close of the meeting the company 
adjourned to the dining-hall, where a fine 
menu was served. 

After cigai's were lighted President Joseph 
W. Symonds called the members to order 
and introduced George M. Seiders as toast- 
master of the evening. The following toasts 
were offered and responded to : 

"The College," President William DeWitt 
Hyde ; "The Clergy," Rev. H. S. Whitman ; 
" The College Graduate in Commercial Busi- 
ness," Russell D. Woodman ; " Our State and 
Her Star," Hon. Seth L. Larrabee ; "The 
Legal Profession," Augustus F. Moulton ; 
" The Faculty and the Faculty of the Fac- 
ulty," Prof. Henry L. Chapman ; " The Med- 
ical Profession," Dr. George H. Curamings. 

The following were seated at the table : 
President William DeW. Hyde; Prof. Henry 
L. Chapman, '66 ; Prof. George T. Files, '89; 
George F. Emery, '36; Judge William L. 
Putnam, '55; Charles W.Pickard, '57; Judge 
Joseph W. Symonds, '60 ; Fabius M. Ray, '61 ; 
Joseph A. Locke, '65; Russell D. Woodman, 
'66; Frederick H. Gerrish, '66; Dr. C. A. Ring, 
'68; Rev. H. S. Whitman, '69; George M. 
, Seiders, '72; George H. Cummings, '72; Au- 
gustus F. Moulton, '73; Hannibal H. Emery, 
'74; Seth L. Larrabee, '75; Geo. F. McQuil- 
lan, '75; Franklin C. Payson, '76; Charles 
Sargent, '76 ; Frederick O. Conant, '80 ; Henry 
S. Payson, '81; C. H. Gilson, '82; S. T. B. 
Jackson, '83; Eben W. Freeman, '85; Arthur 
W. Merrill, '88 ; Charles L. Hutchinson, '90 ; 
Henry E. Cutts, '91 ; Thomas H. Gately, Jr., 
'92; John H. Pierce, '93; Richard C. Payson, 
'93 ; EliasThomas, Jr., '94 ; F. W. Pickard, '94 ; 
William W. Thomas, '94; Francis W. Dana, 
'94; W. W. Fogg, '96; E. L. Bodge, '97; 
Alfred P. Cook, '97. 

Bowdoir^ ^cpge. 

The Tokens. 

In fair September, ere the summer flees, 

The birds of passage herald fall by flight; 

The birds who've sung the golden summer through, 

Since first they built their nests in joyous May, 

The little birds of passage, sweet of song, 

Whose presence gladdened ev'ry field and grove, 

Ply far away into the unknown south, 

And summer goes with them indeed. We miss 

Their songs among the yet green leaves. The day 



Seems strange and still, because we hear no more 

The little birds pipe up their melodies. 

What matter though the leaves be green. They 

No more the robin, or the finch, or wren ; 
What matter though the flowers bloom, the birds 
Have fled away, and they must follow soon. 
Then asks the soul, "What means this hurried 


When leaves are rustling on the ground, and trees 
Are bare, and flowers faded, and the fruits 
Are gathered in, the earth looks gray and cold; 
As, stripped of summer's'glory and its pride. 
She opes her bosom to the frost and gale. 
And then again the soul asks, "What means this? " 

The winter's snows have fallen bleak and drear, 
A white expanse that covers all the ground. 
The leafless trees are powdered each fall. 
And rivers, frozen, show a spotless floor. 
The wind has piled the snow in fancy shapes. 
And drifted high great banks across the way. 
Here breastworks rear their rounded heads, and 

A threat'ning crag hangs o'er a shallow vale. 
A weird look seems to haunt the woods and dales. 
The houses, draped with ice cones, crowned with 

Half buried in the drifts, look cold and drear. 
And, save for smoke that rises, thin and gray, 
Prom out the chimney, would deserted seem. 
Oft merry sleigh-bells sound upon the ear. 
And crack of whip, that, in the frosty air, 
Sounds like a pistol shot. The aching eye 
Looks out across the white expanse to see 
The woodman goad the oxen through the snow. 
And watch the logs drawn home from out the 

Once more the soul says, "What can all this 

mean ? " 

The strengthened sun shines warm upon the 

earth ; 
The winter's snow melts fast before its rays. 
The trees put forth new leaves, the tender plants 
Peep out above the ground. The grass grows 

The air is laden with the song of spring, 
New hfe is born in all we see around ; 
A life that grows, expands, enlarges still, 
A healthy life, a life most glorious. 
Each day adds beauty, and each night brings rest. 

We look about us and we seem to feel 
The very impulse that invigorates 
Each tree and flower with its life and hope. 
The soul is lightened of its fears, and cries, 
"What miracle is this? Whence comes this 
change? " 

Fair Summer, queen of all the year, has come; 
Blest season, it is hers to be to us 
The time of times we love, the life of lives. 
Beneath her sun we bask in peace and joy. 
The dreary past is lost, the future bright. 
The heart feeds on each blossom and each bud. 

The eye, in sweet content, feasts on each scene, 
Grace moves in ev'ry hue that she has traced, 
And in her handiwork is beauty's touch. 
Within her bosom have the birds found rest. 
The little birds have returned to share 
With other beings, all her feasts and joys. 
The flowers find a pillow there and lie 
Contented in her dewy lap. The kine 
Find shade beside her gurgling brooks and 

And laughing children drink of her delights. 
Our souls leap up in us, and charmed they cry, 
"This is not chance, this life, this joy, this hope. 
No chance can make the seasons move like this. 
From autumn unto winter, then to spring, 
And from the spring unto the summer bright. 
It is a purpose, set ! A work divine ! 
This life cannot exist alone. The world. 
And all the moving of the universe 
Has not resulted from an accident. 

" In autumn earth grown gray, the flowers die. 
The birds fly far away, the ground is bare. 
But it is not the end. The seeds are then 
Already to burst forth at touch of spring, 
And birds but seek a temporary home. 
Life going into sleep, not dying, this. 

"In winter snow is on the ground, cold reigns. 
And frost invades the earth, the stream, the air ; 
But still the seed and bud are frozen not. 
All hfe is but asleep. It is not dead. 

"In spring the snow is melted soon away. 
The buds burst open and the seeds come up, 
The birds return, and all the earth is glad. 
The life awakes, refreshened by its sleep." 

' In summer earth is at its best. Behold, 
In everything is life, in laud and sky. 



If 1 but watch by day I see on earth 

All glad and gay and joyful ; a great world. 

If I but watch by night I see o'erhead 

A countless firmament, a host of worlds. 

There are than these things none more beautiful. 

And yet, what can these awful wonders mean?" 

What can these wonders mean, soul? They 

That there is near us a great, loving God, 
Whose every work is full of good intent ; 
Who gives to us a home that's worth a race 
As better than our race as He is us. 
And all He asks of us is that we bow, 
And worship not to any one but Him. 
And worship? Aye, and love Him as our Own ! 
— F. C. Lee, 1900. 

Mr. Frank H. Swan of 
Westbrook, formerly a teacher 
in the High School of that city, but 
now a Senior in Bowdoin College, has 
*^y been engaged to assist at the Deering 

^^ High School, says an exchange. This 

change was made owing to the sudden death of 
Principal Crosby. Mr. Swan will remain out of 
college the remainder of the term, but will return 
to graduate with his class. 
Giles, 1900, is at college. 
Bass, 1900, has returned. 
Washington's Birthday next! 
Lucky we brought our snow-shoes. 
Numerous mid-term exams, last week. 
Dana, '94, visited the campus last week. 
Junior assembly, number two, February 16th. 
Marston, '99, is drawing the cuts for '99's Bugle. 

Bass, 1900, was visiting friends in Boston last 

Robert A. Cleaves of Bridgton spent Sunday 
with his son. 

A very unique group of Glee and Mandolin 
Club photographs announces the concert of those 

The second themes of the term were due 
February 8th. 

Jordan, 1900, has been at his home in Auburn 
the past week. 

Webber, 1900, filled Libby's, '99, place as organ- 
ist, last Sunday. 

Bryant, '95, is instructing the second-year Medics 
in uriual analysis. 

R. F. Chapman, 1900, spent last week at his 
home in Portland. 

Young, '98, attended the Tontine Hotel banquet 
the other evening. 

The Bowdoin Orchestra played at Richmond last 
Thursday evening. 

Prof. Moody entertained the gentlemen's club 
on Friday evening. 

A A $ had a shore supper at " Jake's " the other 
Saturday evening. 

Webster, '99, has been making a brief visit at 
his home in Portland. 

Snow, 1901, has been elected captain of the 
Freshman iudoor team. 

The Sophomore English History Class is about 
to enjoy some map-drawing. 

It is a little girl that has come to gladden the 
home of Dr. F. N. Whittier. 

Professor Moody took pictures of some of the 
largest snow drifts last week. 

F. L. Hill, 1901, who is out teaching, was visit- 
ing college friends last Saturday. 

Well, we weren't defeated by so large a margin 
as Yale; that is some satisfaction. 

Cleaves, L. L., '99, has returned to college after 
a very successful term of teaching. 

Lancey, '99, who was called home by the illness 
of his father, has returned to college. 

The Bugle subscriptions seem to be as usual — 
rather flighty to the Business Manager. 

Wednesday morning, the bell turned over so 
that Condon was unable to call all to chapel. 

The past few days have seen a considerable 
shrinkage in the snow drifts about the campus. 

Kendall and R. S. Cleaves attended the meeting 
of the N. E. I. C. A. A. at Boston, last Saturday. 

Professor Lee dehvered his stereopticon lecture 
on the "Klondike and How to Get There," in 
Oakland, last week. It was very instructive and 



The campus evidently is about to become sub- 
merged with its usual amount of slush and water. 

The Glee and Mandolin clubs are planning a 
trip to Northern Maioe for the week of the twenty- 

The Seniors have finished Psychology and are 
deep in a thesis during President Hyde's absence 
at Harvard. 

Pettengill, '98, has been chosen squad leader, 
making the fourth year that he has served his class 
in that capacity. 

President Hyde recently announced that here- 
after Lincoln's birthday would be no holiday, as it 
was not legally so. 

There was a dancing party at Armory Hall, 
Bath, last Wednesday evening, which a number of 
Bowdoin men attended. 

E. H. Wheeler, ex-'98, who is in the law office of 
Weston Thompson, Esq., made a short business trip 
to Massachusetts this week. 

W. e. Smith, C. C. Williamson, and L. P. Libby 
attended the Somi-Ceutennial Convention of Theta 
Delta Chi Fraternity in New York. 

Rev. E. B. Mason of the Church on the Hill has 
bought the site of Old Fort Madison at Castine, 
and will erect a summer home there. 

There are about twenty men taking the base- 
ball training. They are divided into two squads 
under Capt. Greenlaw and Edward Stanwood. 

The temperature has been below zero at sunrise 
for the past eight days— the longest period of severe 
cold recorded for the past forty years. February 5th. 

Polo enthusiasts have been looking forward to a 
proposed game with a Bath team to be played at 
the Town Hall, but the contest has had to be given 

President Hyde, who has been appointed one of 
the university preachers at Harvard, is at Cam- 
bridge for two weeks, conducting the Harvard 
chapel exercises. 

The Senior Class of Westbrook Seminary have 
engaged Hoegg Hall for the evening of March 4th, 
when the Bowdoin Glee Club will give a concert 
for their benefit. 

The New England Orchestra furnished music at 
the social dance, held in the Court Room, Wednes- 
day evening, February 9th. Bibber of the Bowdoin 
Medical School led the orchestra. 

President Hyde and Professor William MacDonald 
represented the Bowdoin Faculty at the annual 

meeting of the Bowdoin Alumni Association at 
Boston, Wednesday, February 9th. 

On the third of the month adjourns were quite 
generally given. The lecture rooms were very 
cold. The Seniors were granted one, also the 
Juniors, and the Freshmen two or three. 

The Politics Club held its third meeting of the 
term at the room of Messrs. Ives and Dana, Maine 
Hall, Monday evening, February 7th. The South 
African question was the topic under discussion. 

Wallace White, Jr., '99, and Oliver Dow Smith, 
'98, left recently for a trip to Toronto, where they 
represent the Alpha Delta Phi Fraternity at its 
convention. The convention was held the latter 
part of last week. 

The Sophomore Class meeting of a week ago 
resulted in the following officers : President, West; 
Vice-President, Willey ; Secretary, Goodspeed; 
Treasurer, Knight; Captain of Team, Merrill; 
Squad Leader, Gould. 

The Orient has received the Anti-Cigarette 
League Herald, which is published at Waterville. 
Its mission is that of forming clubs for the sup- 
pression of this evil, but its efforts are confined 
principally to school-boys. 

A good crowd of students witnessed the Port- 
land-Bath polo game at Bath, Wednesday evening, 
February 9th, and quite a number of students 
passed a very enjoyable evening at the hop given 
by the young ladies of the Tricola Club at Bath. 

A Bath paper gives : 

William L. Thompson of Portland, who made his 
first appearance on the stage as humorist with the 
Bowdoin Mandolin and Glee Clubs in this city, 
made a great hit and showed marked talent in that 
role. He bears a strong facial resemblance to the 
popular comedian, Nat Goodwin. 

,, Kenneth Sills, 1901, gave a luncheon for his 
mother, Mrs. Dana, Miss Sills, Miss Mary Merrill, 
and Miss Wright, in his rooms on Saturday, the 5th. 
Rev. Mr. McLaughlin also gave an afternoon tea in 
honor of Mr. Sills' guests. Several Brunswick 
ladies were invited and a large number of students. 
The Orient has received a circular from the 
Metaphysical Club of Boston, inviting all friends of 
good morals to co-operate in an earnest movement 
to abate the crying evil of Modern Sensationalism, 
or Yelloiv-Journalism as it is more popularly 
called. Surely such a staid old paper as the 
Orient is heartily in favor of this movement, but 
about the only aid she can render is by her 



It is a nuisance, as well as an injustice to the 
student body, for any one to selfishly purloin the 
books of reference put on file by the various 
instructors. Professor Mitchell has been obliged 
to adopt the plan of having those using such books 
in his work, sign for them at the library desk, thus 
assuring their return on the user's leaving the 

The Sophomore-Freshman Debate is evidently 
bound to come. The Sophomores have elected ten 
men, from which the two for the debate are to 
be chosen. The following men are to compete : 
Bragdon, Burnell, McCarty, McCormick, Rumery, 
Sparks, Ward, Whitney, West. The Freshmen 
have not as yet decided the manner of choosing 
their debaters. 

The Military Fair, held in Town Hall last 
Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday, was a great 
success. The evening entertainments were all 
most enjoyable, and the lecture on the Klondike by 
Professor Lee was full of interesting facts. Wednes- 
day evening, Dennett the humorist gave a very orig- 
inal act. Thursday evening the ^olian Quartette 
gave a concert. 

Lectures on the Uneecoeded Life of Christ. 
Prof. Alfred W. Anthony of the Cobb Divinity 
School, Lewiston, will give a course of seven 
lectures on " The Unrecorded Life of Christ," on 
successive Wednesday afternoons, beginning 
Wednesday, February 9th, at 5 o'clock. The 
lectures will be in Room 5, Memorial Hall. The 
subjects of the lectures will be as follows : 

1. The Playmates of Jesus. 

2. The Education of Jesus. 

3. The Home and Early Circumstances of Jesus. 

4. Apocryphal Lives of Jesus. 

5. The Baptism of Jesus. 

6. The Messianic Self-Consciousness. 

7. The Temptation of Jesus. 

Judging from the first lecture, which was given 
last Wednesday, they will prove of great interest. 
A good-sized audience attended and fully appre- 
ciated the discourse. 

Farwell, 1900, was suddenly stricken with paral- 
ysis Tuesday afternoon, the 8th. He had been 
exercising at the gymnasium as usual and returned 
to his room. Everything appeared well, until he 
was suddenly taken very ill, and upon the arrival of 
Drs. Whittier and Mitchell, his case was pro- 
nounced paralysis. The work at the gymnasium 
is in no way responsible for this sad occurrence, as 
his exercise was the ordinary amount and he was 

in no wise injured. It is simply unaecountable. 
Being young and of a robust constitution it is 
earnestly hoped by all he will pull through. His 
parents arrived the day following with a trained 
nurse, and he appears to be on the road to recovery. 

The opening of the newly-renovated Tontine 
Hotel was celebrated on the 9th by an elaborate 
banquet given the business men of Brunswick and 
vicinity. Landlord Huntoon provided a sumptuous 
repast for his 125 guests, who appreciated his eftbrts 
to furnish a .hotel for Brunswick equal to any in 
this section of the state. The Tontine, it will be 
remembered, suffered from a severe fire some weeks 
ago, and this opportunity was taken to thoroughly 
renovate every portion of this well-known hostelry. 
Every room has been fitted up in a neat and attract- 
ive manner; the dining-room and office are hand- 
somely furnished with steel ceilings and plate-glass 
mirrors. The banquet was attended by all the 
prominent citizens of the town, and Landlord Hun- 
toon gave them a regular " house-warming " of the 
most approved sort. Music was furnished by the 
Bowdoin Mandolin Quartette. Baxter, Marston, 
and Marble were present as press representatives. 

Mr. Simpson, the college janitor, recently 
received a note signed, " Respectfully in Behalf of 
the T. M. C. A.," which requested him to stop Bob 
Evans peddling cigarettes around the "ends" 
evenings. Bob is a blessing. He briugs his corn- 
cakes, his ginger-ale, and his cigarettes for those 
wishing them, and tries to make an honest dollar. 
He deserves support. The Y. M. C. A. officers have 
been interviewed, but know nothing of this letter. 
It would seem that some one is bent upon making 
trouble. Anonymous letters are the meanest and 
most sneaky things in existence. If college 
students can't judge as to the advisability of smok- 
ing cigarettes, they had best be sent home imme- 
diately. Bob may as well sell cigarettes as the 
down-town dealers, and his peddling does not 
encourage or increase their use. Let this would-be 
reformer come from his hiding-place and show him- 
self, and not falsely conceal himself under the 
skirts of our Y. M. C. A. 

The annual concert of the Bowdoin Mandolin 
and Glee Clubs was given February 3d, at Memorial 
Hall, to a crowded house. These concerts are 
becoming quite the social event of the season at 
Brunswick. The first selection on the programme 
was the "Bride Elect" march from Sousa's new 
opera, by the full Mandolin Club. The fact that 
the opera has been going only a couple of 



weeks shows the progressive management of Mr. 
White. The Glee CUib was given an ovation when 
it came upon the stage. There were one and twenty 
voices. Old Memorial fairly shook with echoes as 
the club sang its selections. Everything went with 
a snap and a zest. The repertoire is in keeping 
with college life and feeling; there was not a dull 
moment in the programme. This concert was far 
ahead of that at Bath. The men had confidence 
and were not afraid to let themselves out. The 
Mandolin Club has a baker's dozen in it, and a 
mandola which acts as a backbone to the club. 
The Mandolin Quartette, composed of Alfred B. 
White, '98, Willis B. Moulton, '98, Walter E. Merrill, 
Med., and Dwigbt R. Ponnell, '98, guitar, is made 
up of artists who have played together for three 
years and are in perfect sympathy. The mandola 
solo, with Mandolin Club accompaniment, by Ernest 
Leon Jordan, was fine. The mandola is such a 
deep, rich-voiced instrument that it sounds almost 
like a harp. Then came one of the best numbers 
of the evening, by William L. Thompson, '99, the 
reader of the clubs. His first selection was a dia- 
lect story of a fat Dutchman, which brought him out 
for an encore. The rest of his selections were little 
original make-ups. He was repeatedly encored 
until he was exhausted. The concert closed as all 
Bowdoin concerts close, with " Bowdoin Beata"by 
the combined clubs. There were thirty voices, and 
the instruments, singing 
" Bowdoin Beata, 
Our dear Alma Mater, 
There is no fairer mother 'neath the sun." 
The programme was as follows: 
Part I. 
The Bride Elect March.— Sousa. Mandolin Club. 

We are Foresters Free and Bold.— Reyloff. Glee Club. 
The Darkies' Cradle Song. — Wheeler. 

Mandolin Quartette. 
Messrs. Merrill, Moulton, White, and Pennell. 
Tell Her I Love Her So.^DeFaye. Glee Club. 

Selections — Jack and the Beanstalk. — Arr. by Barker. 

Mandolin Club. 
Part II. 
The Beetle and the Flower.— Velt. Glee Club. 

Mandola Solo. Mr. Jordan. 

Ye Catte. — Seymore Smith. Glee Club. 

Reading. Mr. Thompson. 

Serenade Rococo. — Meyer-Helmund. Mandolin CJub. 

Bowdoin Beata. — Words by H. H. Pierce, '96. 

Glee and Mandolin Clubs. 

The Psi Upsilon Reception. 
The ninth annual reception of the Kappa 
Chapter of Psi Upsilon was held on the evening of 
Friday, February 11th. An afternoon reception 

and tea was given at South Maine, Rooms 5 and 7, 
by the Fraternity. Mrs. J. E. Drake and Mrs. J. 
0. Lincoln of Bath, were the chaperones. The dance 
was given in Memorial Hall, which was tastefully 
decorated with the fraternity colors. J. J. Pooler 
of the Sherwood, Portland, catered, and Gilbert's 
Orchestra furnished music. The following order of 
dances was indulged in : 

Waltz. A Rustic Lass. 

Two-Step. Up the Street. 

Waltz. Babbie. 

Two-Step. Stars and Stripes Forever. 

Portland Fancy. Popular Medley. 

Waltz. Sylvan Reveries. 

Two-Step. La Russe. 

Waltz. Zenda. 



Hot-Foot Sue. 


Affaire d'Amour. 




Magnolia Blossoms. 


Belle of the Season. 




Idol's Eyes. 


Don't be Cross. 


The patronesses were Mrs. William DeW. Hyde, 
Mrs. Alfred Mitchell, Mrs. Leslie A. Lee, Mrs. 
Henry Johnson, Mrs. William A. Houghton, Mrs. 
William A. Moody, Mrs. Stephen J. Young, Mrs. 
Franklin C. Robinson, Mrs. Frank C. Wood- 
ruff, Mrs. Charles C. Hutchins, Mrs. William Mac- 
Donald, Mrs. George T. Little, Mrs. Wilmot B. 
Mitchell. The Committee of Arrangements con- 
sisted of W. W. Lawrence, '98, W. L. Thompson, 
'99, A. W. Levensaler, 1900, H. L. Berry, 1900. 
The delegates from the other fraternities were, 
A A >!>, D. R. Pennell, '98; A K B, G. F. Stetson, '98; 
Z % W. B. Clark, '99; 9 A X, E. E. Spear, '98 ; A T, 
G. H. Sturgis, '98. The dancing lasted from nine 
until early in the morning, and an hundred or more 
people were present. Portland, Lewiston, and 
Bath all furnished delegations of guests, and a 
more successful evening was never passed. 

The relay team that competed at the Boston 
Athletic Association Meet at Harvard made a very 
good showing, and ran a good race, although not a 
winning one. The Harvard Crimson says: 

In the race between the second 'Varsity and 
Bowdoin, E. J. Green, captain of the Harvard team, 
was unable to gain over Stanwood until almost the 
close of the first relay, when he spurted and secured 
a lead of two yards, which A. W. Blakemoro 
increased to ten yards over Snow. E. D. Fullerton, 
'98, easily hold his own against Gregson, and when 
S. P. Goddard, 1900, started the last relay against 



Kendall he had a lead of fifteen yards, which he 
held to the finish. Harvard's time was 3m. 20 l-5s. 

The Portland Press, in speaking of the meet, 
remarks : 

The Bowdoin men were Capt. Clarence F. 
Kendall, '98, of Biddeford, who won the largest 
number of points at the Maine Intercollegiate Track 
and Field Meet last spring, and won two gold med- 
als at the New England Intercollegiate Athletic 
Association games at Worcester; Edward Stan- 
wood, Jr., '98, of Boston, who was prominent in track 
athletics in the Brookline High School, and has been 
very prominent since his entrance at Bowdoin; 
Donald F. Snow, 1901, of Bangor, who has won the 
quarter-mile several times in the Maine Interschol- 
astic meets, and John Gregson, 1900, of Worcester, 
Mass., who has run the quarter on the Mechanics' 
Hall track in 52 seconds. All of these men can do 
the quarter in 52 seconds, or better, on familiar 
tracks. The selection of the team from Bowdoin, 
one of the smaller colleges, to compete with Har- 
vard, was a recognition of Bowdoin's high standing 
in college athletics. The team did not expect to 
win, but made a creditable showing. 

SebGt|;irpg (§O0ie{g. 

The regular meeting of the George Evans 
Debating Society on Tuesday evening, February 
8th, was devoted entirely to business, chief among 
which was the resignation of President Fhiloon. 

Mr. Fhiloon has been President since the organ- 
ization of the society a year ago last fall, and to 
his efforts is due a very large share of the success 
which has attended the society thus far. His 
re-election for the present year was a most fitting 
recognition of his services, and it is with great 
regret that the society is called upon to lose so 
faithful and efficient an officer. His recent illness, 
with the long absence from college which accom- 
panied it, constitutes a most valid and reasonable 
ground for his resignation at this time, and the 
society could not do otherwise than accept it. 

The election of a new president was deferred 
until the next meeting, which, as it would regularly 
come on Washington's Birthday, will probably 
be postponed till a week later, Tuesday evening, 
March 1st. 

Arrangements are now in progress for a joint 
debate to be held under the auspices of the society, 
between representatives of the Sophomore and 
Freshman classes, but as yet the details are in too 
indefinite a shape to be made pubHc. 

The Association has had printed neat folders con- 
taining the topics of the Thursday evening meetings 
for the remainder of the year. Appropriate refer- 
ences to the Bible are made to enable one to look up 
the subject before the meetings. 

The Thursday evening meeting, February 3d, 
was a purely business meeting, the principal affair 
of which was to choose delegates to attend the 
Student Volunteer Mission Convention, at Cleveland. 
The society elected West, 1900, and Robinson, 1900, 
delegates. Generous subscriptions from the Faculty 
and students will defray the expenses of the trip. 
This move on the part of the association cannot but 
be a popular one among the students, who will 
appreciate the signs of progress. Sunday afternoon, 
February 6th, President Laycock led the meeting. 
He took as his subject, "The Child is Father to the 
Man," and made from it a very helpful address. He 
carried out the thought that man makes his own 

Last Thursday evening Merrill, 1900, led the 
meeting. The subject of the meeting, as prescribed 
by the topic cards, was, "The Best Way to Study the 
Bible," with a biographical reference to the 19th 
Psalm, 7th to Uth verse. The speaker carried out 
the idea brought in the 7th and 8th verse : "The law 
of the Lord is perfect, converting the soul ; the testi- 
mony of the Lord is sure, making wise the simple ; 
the statutes of the Lord are right, rejoicing the 
heart; the commandment of the Lord is pure, 
enlightening the eyes." 

Last Sunday, February 13th, the association 
enjoyed a treat from Professor Robinson, who spoke 
on the general subject of the Relation of Modern 
Science to Immortality. It was not a sermon, nor 
was it what might properly be called an address; 
it was a chat by a Christian man of science to an 
audience of Christian students, who are hungry for 
the truths. 

Prof. Robinson spoke of the long supposed con- 
flict between Religion and Science, and mentioned 
the works which had been written upon the subject. 
Modern Science, however, goes hand in hand with 
the ideas of St. Paul as to the immortality of the 
soul. The old theory that a thorough student and a 
deep thinker could never believe in this part of 
religion, is a thing of the past. The more that is 
learned of science and of immortality, the more 
must an investigator connect them. 



Immortality can be satisfactorily proved by the 
principles of Modern Science. It used to be assumed 
that material things decay and go out of existence. 
This has been, and still is among slothful students, 
the principal argument against the immortality of 
the human being. But Modern Science has proved 
that matter is not a transitory substance, it does not 
decay and disappear. It is impossible for any 
particle of matter to be destroyed. Much less is it 
possible to destroy energy and force. They only 
change form when they seem to disappear. There 
is an admitted continuity of matter and of force. 

If a person was sufficiently intelligent and 
trained, he could trace every particle of matter to 
a multitude of forms, and he could distinguish in 
either, the record of any man or thing. He could 
trace every evidence of force that ever existed to the 
first motion. Scientifically, we know, said Prof. 
Robinson, that every man has an indelible record of 
every act of his life. The world is a photographic 
plate which receives the impression of every motion. 
The world embodies the principles of the camera, 
the kinetoscope, the phonograph, the barometer, the 
thermometer, and many more instruments invented, 
or uninvented, of reproducing form, action, thought, 
sound, heat, etc. The world, however, is a con- 
tinuous performance and has all out doors to store 
the reproductions in. 

There is aii immortality of action from which 
one cannot escape. The results will crop out some- 

While Prof. Robinson did not go into details at 
all and only journeyed along the frontiers of the 
great subject, he certainly gave every one a clearer 
and more satisfactory understanding of the relations 
of Modern Science and immortality. 

Prof. Robinson will speak further upon the same 
subject and show more the concordance and accord- 
ance of the revelations and the principles of 
scientific truth. 

Sook ^eview§. 

(Practical Idealism. By William DeWitt Hyde, 
President of Bowdoin College. New York: The 
Macmillan Company. 1897. $1.50.) The manuer 
in which a new book upon Philosophy is received 
by the public may be illustrated by the following 
conversation. A man, robust, with a digestive 
apparatus in perfect working order, was striding 
across the campuSj whistliug the Wedding March 

from Lohengrin, when he came up with a friend, 
spare, dyspeptic, and— reflective, with a ponderous 
book under his arm. After a hearty "how are 
you?" the one asked the other what book he had. 
"A new philosophy," was the reply. "I'll lend it 
to you after I have finished it." " Not if I know it," 
was the rejoinder. " I love the trees, flowers, sun- 
shine, and mean to keep my faith in them," and the 
happy man turned toward the Art Building, resum- 
ing his whistle. Moral : May it not be wise to let 
philosophy alone? Yet here is a new book, and 
the author has the usual thwack at poor old John 
Locke. John was a Calvinist and dyspeptic, as all 
Calvinists have been popularly supposed to be by 
established people, and in constructing a theory of 
the world as it presented itself to his mind, he 
unwittingly left out an important bit of mechanism. 
It seemed all right to him, but, bye and bye, when 
others undertook to make it spin, it went to pieces, 
and the fault was found to be constitutional. Since 
then everybody, that is, every philosophic body, 
sets up his image of Locke and has his thwack at it. 
It always represents the same blundering fellow, 
though, at times, it may have a longer whisker or 
more pronounced hook of the nose; but the dififer- 
ences are no greater than in the many images of 
Guy Fawkes, which are so much in evidence on the 
fourth of November in orthodox England, and this 
suggests the thought that in the populistic evolu- 
tion of things, it may come about that we may yet 
have a Jack Locke's day, when everybody can have 
his thwack at the ol'd fellow as well as the favored 

It is pleasant to say, however, that President 
Hyde treats the victim in a gentlemanly manner, 
which Cousin did not do, for, not content with 
pounding him, he threw him down and jumped 
upon him like the Frenchman that ho was. 

When we look over the philosophic field we are 
inclined, if we are robust, to whistle. When Locke 
put forth his Essay, it was regarded as a perfect 
piece of work, and its author was almost deified. 
In England, such men as Hartley and Priestley 
became his disciples and worked out his problems 
to results little dreamed of by him ; while in France, 
Condillacand Bonnet introduced him with a flourish 
of admiration, and, for a while, Locke's sensational 
system was the rage. 

In Germany, however, the system of Locke 
never took deep root, and flourished but moderately 
for a time. In England opponents soon arose, and 
sensationalism was subjected to the closest scrutiny. 



It was seen that Locke's idea, followed to its ulti- 
mate analysis, played the mischief with the religious 
system in which Locke was a faithful believer. One 
of the most vigorous opponents of sensationalism 
was Dr. Samuel Clark, who in his valiant efforts to 
show that infinite attributes were fundamental, 
placed himself in antagonism with Leibnitz and 
Spinoza. The bitter contests which were now 
waged between the metaphysical theologians and 
the deistical writers of Clark and Butler's day, bid 
fair to undermine the very foundations of Faith. 

Amid these controversies. Dr. Berkeley, like 
many others, feeling that any philosophy which 
made such havoc with religious faith must be radi- 
cally wrong, set about coustructing a new one 
which should meet the ease. Locke's fundamental 
idea was that knowledge consists in ideas as the 
immediate objects of consciousness, and Berkeley, 
not questioning this, applied himself to a study of 
Locke's method of transition from the inner sphere 
of ideas to the objective one of material existence, 
and here, as he believed, found the corner-stone of 
a philosophic edifice which would defy the storms 
of criticism, and this corner-stone was, that as it is 
impossible for the human mind to get beyond ideas, 
ideas are the only real objects of knowledge. Thus 
he did away with objective existence, for if ideas 
are everything we can never prove that our sensa- 
tions are occasioned by external objects of a mate- 
rial nature. A slight change in the organ of vision 
would change the object; indeed the eye might 
behold an object where no object existed. Confu- 
sion became worse confounded. Sensationalism, 
Idealism, Scepticism, Dogmatism, Eclecticism, were 
filling the world with discord, when Immanuel 
Kant, who had imbibed much knowledge from 
Leibnitz, stepped upon the scene with his Critical 
Philosophy and at once obtained an attentive audi- 
ence. He started like Locke to search into the 
origin of ideas, and applied reason to the task. 
" Reason," he says, "is the faculty which furnishes 
the princiijles of cognition, a priori. Therefore 
pure reason is that which contains the principles of 
knowing something absolutely a priori.^' President 
Hyde has the advantage of a thorough knowledge 
of these confusing systems, and in "Practical 
Idealism" attempts to realize what he finds trtre in 
them. In his introduction he forecasts his method. 
" There are no worlds ready-made— each man must 
build his own. This effort of the mind to build the 
materials of sensation into an intelligible world, 
and this struggle of the will to mould the relations 
of persons into a moral order, is philosophy. Every 

man must have a philosophy, just as he must wear 
a coat." He then proceeds to construct a " world 
of Sense-Perception ; of Association ; of Science ; 
of Art; of Persons; of Institutions; of Morality; 
of Religion;" and in his work he uses the simplest 
materials possible. This is one charm of the book. 
The first chapter, " Tiie World of Sense-Perception," 
our robust friend may read and whistle the while, 
for it presents in a clear and interesting manner, 
which he cannot fail to understand and admire, 
ideas which some writers have clothed in a termi- 
nology altogether confusing to him. The infant 
starts with his rattle, and finds it looks pretty, feels 
hard, sounds loud. Here he finds a mental key 
which fits the lock of the external world and opens 
the door of sense-perception. He is no longer 
imprisoned in the here and the now, but passes 
from the present sensation back to sensations which 
he has had before ; forward to such repetitions of 
past sensations as he desires. The immediate and 
present becomes the symbol of the absent and 
remote; he gets a glimpse of an ideal, universal, 
a"nd eternal world. The difference between the 
simple world of the infant and the complex world 
of the sage, saint, and seer, is in the amount of 
elaboration to which these sensations are subjected, 
and the amount of symbolic meaning they are com- 
pelled to support. 

The world of association is the world we get by 
grouping things and events according to their more 
obvious relations. Association works along two 
lines — contiguity and similarity. By contiguity we 
put together elements found together in the outside 
world. The sight of the postmaster calls up the 
idea of the post-office ; the whistle of the locomo- 
tive, the train and track. Association by similarity 
is a more subtle process. A watch calls up the 
town clock, because the idea of the watch and of 
the clock have the same element of time-keeping. 
Association by sitnilarity is the intuitive perform- 
ance of the function which science and reasoning 
make explicit. Science begins when we pass from 
mere perception of facts as they flow by us on the 
ceaseless stream of sensation, to precise and accurate 
observation. Science is, however, a slieleton of 
which the several natural laws are the constituent 
bones. Yet, though real and universal, these laws 
like bones have no warmth and life in themselves, 
apart from the flesh and blood of concrete facts and 
forces. Their life is in the facts, and their worth 
is the power they have to control facts and 
forces. This control of the fiicts and forces of the 
world through ideals according to laws is not 



science but art. Art gires us the warm tiuts of the 
flesh, the graceful outlines of the form. Through 
science and art, nature and man are reconciled. 
The chapter devoted to Art closes the first part of 
the book, entitled the Natural World, and the 
second par