Skip to main content

Full text of "Bowdoin Orient"

See other formats



Published Weekly by the Students of 




FARNSWORTH GROSS MARSHALL, 1903 .... Business Manager 

HAROLD JOSSELYN EVERETT, 1904 . . Assistant Business Manager 

WILLIAM THOMAS ROWE, 1904 Assistant Editor-in-Chief 

SCOTT CLEMENT WARD SIMPSON, 1903 .... News Department 

SAMUEL TRASK DANA, 1904 Special Assignments 

JOHN WILLIAM FROST, 1904 Alumni Department 

ERNEST HENRY REDDING BURROUGHS, 1905 . . Athletic Department 

WALTER SAMUEL CUSHING, 1905, News Department 

WILLIAM FRANCIS FINN, Jr., 1905 News Department 

ARTHUR LEWIS McCOBB, 1905 Alumni Department 

BLAINE SPOONER VILES, 1903 (Resigned, September) . Special Assignments 
GEORGE COLBY PURINGTON, Jr., 1904 (Resigned, September) Alumni Department 



Index to Volume XXXII. 


Editorial Notes C. F. Robinson, Editor. 

Assisted by S. T. Dana, and others. 
9, 49, 69, in, 119, 127, 135, 151, 159, 167, 183. 
203, 211, 235-6, 243, 251. 

Longer Editorials C. F. Robinson, Editor. 

Assisted by S. T. Dana, and others. 
Aims of the Orient, i, 151 ; Alumni Notes, 237; 
Anniversary Week, 69; Athletic Constitution, 
25, 70; Base-Ball Championship, 57; Base- 
Ball Comments, 2, 18, 26, 268; Bates Faculty 
and Athletics, 104; Bates-Harvard Debate,- 41 ; 
Baths in Gymnasium (Simpson), 151; Care of 
Campus, 25, 267; Chapel Rushes, 69; Chapel 
Door, 267; Class Prophecy, The, 135; Debat- 
ing, 112; Decisions of Faculty, 19, 25, 103, 135, 
143, 259, 260; Degree of A.B. without Greek 
(Frost), 9; Dramatics at Bowdoin (Finn), 
144 ; Dr. Mason's Resignation, 143 ; Empty 
Chapel Panels, The (Finn), 229; Farewell, 
268; Fire Protection to Dormitories 
(Finn), 235; Foot-Ball Comments (Robinson 
and Burroughs), 1, III, 127, 136, 144, 151; 
Fraternity Initiations, 127; General Chamber- 
lain as Instructor, 251; General Hubbard's 
Tribute to Reed, 219; Greetings for new Col- 
lege Year, 163; Harvard Crimson's Compli- 
ment to Quill, 41 ; Hour Examinations, 235 ; 
Insignia of Athletic Managers, 183; Insignia 
for Debating Team (Dana), 251; Ivy Day 
Exercises, 57 ; Janitor Service, Criticisms 
(Finn), 227; Junior Class Politics, 175; Jury, 
The, 17; Light on Bulletin Board (Finn), 
33; Same (D. R. Porter, '06), 183; Maine 
Meet, 33; Memorial Hall (Simpson), 175; 
Method of Ringing Chapel Bell (H. C. Grif- 
fin, '04), 259; New Endowment, 17; Present- 
ing Orient to Sub-Freshmen (Finn), 243; 
Protest of Bates Against J. G. Finn, '05, 119; 
Punting Cup (Burroughs), 41; Quill, The 
January (Finn), 203; Reed, Thomas B., 175, 
202 ; Reply to Colby Echo, 144 ; Resignation 
of Manager Dana, in ; Sectional Clubs, 252; 
Strength Tests (Finn), 145; Suggestion to 
Seniors, 253, 259; Suspension Bridge, 267; 
Tablets in the Gymnasium (Finn), 243,^ Ten- 
nis Comment (Dana), 2; Thanks to Printers, 
267; Track Athletic Comments (Robinson and 
Burroughs), 2, 18-19, 26. 

Calendar H. J. Everett, C. F. Robinson. 

4, 11, 20, 27, 36, 44, 51, 152, 161, 168. 

Campus Chat...S. C. W. Simpson, W. S. Cushing, 

W. F. Finn, Jr.., Editors. 

Assisted by the rest of the board. 

4, 11, 20, 27, 37, 44, 51, 56, 63, 101, 106, 114, 125, 

130, 137, 147, 154, 163, 170, 179, 188, 206, 213, 

218, 224, 230, 233, 238, 244, 248, 255. 263, 272. 

Aihletics E. H. R. Burroughs, Editor, 

Assisted by others of the board. 

Notes and Comments, 7, 13, 24, 31, 117, 145, 149, 

173, 208, 216, 225, 232, 241, 257; All Maine 

Base-Ball Team (Dana), 67; All Maine Foot- 

Ball Team, 166; B. A. A. Meet, 232, 240; Base- 
Ball Games (Dana), 7, 22, 29, 38, 45, 53. 65, 
126; Coach Irwin, 274; Base-Ball Practice 
(Finn), 208; Base-Ball Schedule, 274; 'Base- 
Ball Team Averages (Dana), 67; Foot-Ball 
Games, 109, 116, 133, 141, 149, 1 57, i65> 
173; Fall Track Meet, 126, 142; Foot-Ball 
Comments, 7, 109; Foot-Ball Rules, New 
(Robinson), 108; Freshman Strength Tests 
(R. G. Webber, '06), 208; Indoor Meet, 257, 
265, 273 ; Interscholastic Meet, 54 ; Maine 
Meet, 30, 39; N. E. I. C. A. A. Meeting, 247; 
O'Connor Cup, 274; Protest from Bates 
against J. G. Finn, '05, 109 ; Punting Cup, 45 ; 
Tennis News and Comments, 14. 24, 31, 47, 
233 ; Tennis Tournament at Longwood, 55 ; 
Worcester Meet, 31, 47. 

Alumni Notes J. W. Frost, A. L. McCobb, 

G. C. Purington, Jr. (resigned), 


Assisted by S. C. W. Simpson and C. F. Robinson. 

14, 29, 32, 45, 38, 55, 101, no, 118, 134, 142, 149, 

157, 166, 174, 182, 190, 208, 217, 226, 233, 

241, 248, 258. 

Y. M. C. A C. F. Robinson, Editor. 

13, 29, 108, 126, 132, 141, 149, 157, 165, 173, 190, 
216, 241, 265, 274; Intercollegiate Conference 
CD. R. Porter, '06), 204; Presidents' Confer- 
ence (D. E. McCormick, '03), 3; Reception, 
121; Treasurer's Budget (S. C. W. Simpson, 
'03), 132. 
Obituary J. W. Frost, A. L. McCobb, Editors. 

8, 14, 24, 36, 56, 67, no, 134, 150, 158, 174, 182, 
209, 218. 

Thomas B. Reed Special Contributions. 

Procured and arranged by C. F. Robinson. 

Address in Chapel, Extract (President Hyde), 
194; Character and Public Services (F. L. 
Dingley, '61), 193; Classmate's Tribute, A 
(J. W. Symonds, '60), 192; College Boarding 
Club, His (B. K. Lovatt, '60), 196; College 
Honors, His, 201 ; Commencement Day, i860 
(Brunswick Telegraph), 201 ; Emancipated 
Man, An C Frank Sewall, D.D., '58), 199; 
Fraternity Relations, His (W. M. Emery, 
'89), 198; In a College Debate (J. A. Howe, 
'59), 200; Letters to a Classmate, Extracts 
from (Augustine Jones, '60), 197: Miscella- 
neous Notes, 205 ; One of Reed's Retorts 
(Leslie's Weekly), 27 ; Political Opponent, 
Classmate, and Friend (A. W. Bradbury, '60), 
204; Senator, From a (Eugene Hale, H. '69), 
199; Sincerity. His (H. L. Chapman, '66), 
192; "Thomas B. Reed" (Gen. T. H. Hubbard, 
'57), 220; Two Characteristic Letters (F. C. 
Robinson, '73), 201; Upperclassman, From an 
(H. M. King, '59), 195; Underclassman, From 
an (Edward Stanwood, '61), 195: "Voice from 
the House of Representatives" (D. S. Alexan- 
der, '70), 199. 


INDEX . — ( Continued.) 



Acknowledged His Limitations Stray Stories 113 

A. J. Booker F. C. Robinson, '73 36 

Alpha Delta Phi Convention, 1902 C. F. Packard. '04 35 

Alpha Delta Phi Convention, 1903 C. F. Robinson 236 

Alumni Banquet at Bangor W. S. Cushing 10 

Boston W. F. Finn, Jr 244 

Commencement C. F. Robinson 90 

Hallowell S. G. Haley, '06 252 

New York C. F. Robinson 212 

Portland W. F. Finn, Jr 225 

Washington C. F. Robinson 254 

American Rowing Association C. F. Robinson 71 

Amherst Debate, 1902 C. F. Robinson, B. S. Viles 10, 33-35, 41, 43 

1903 C. F. Robinson, Dr. A. L. P. Dennis 254, 260 

Communications A. W. Atwood, Amherst, '03 34, 112 

Anniversary Week Compiled by C. F. Robinson 70-101 

Announcement 63 

Anniversary Day Exercises 88 

Appointments, Class of 1902 93 

Art Building Acquisitions 13, 65 

Athletics and College Spirit Extract from Pres. Tucker's Report 250 

Athletic Council Meetings S. T. Dana -. .35, 65, 120, 159, 182, 190 

At Other Colleges 150 

Baccalaureate Sermon Dr. W. DeW. Hyde 72 

Base-Ball Encouragement R. L. Hull, '97 34 

Beta Theta Pi House, The R. G. Webber.' 06 270 

Beta Theta Pi "Dorg" R. G Webber. '06 244 

Bit of Good News, A C. F. Robinson 228 

Bowdoin at Northfield D. E. McCormick, '03 50. 

Bowdoin Calendar A. P.- Holt, '03 167 

"Bowdoin Night" S. T. Dana 212 

Commemoration J. C. Minot. '96 ; 228 

Bradbury Prize Debate W. B. Mitchell, '90 168 

W. F. Finn, Jr 231 

Briefs of Debates 139, 14s, 153, 161, 169, 177, 185 

Change in Freshman Courses A. S. Dyer, '91 207 

Chapel of "Our Saviour" D. R. Porter, '06 254 

Chapter House, Alpha Delta Phi C. F. Robinson 253 

Beta Theta Pi R. G. Webber,' 06 270 

Delta Kappa Epsilon W. S. Cushing 262 

Psi Upsilon C. F. Robinson 237 

Class Day Oration, "Public Service in United States" G. R. Walker, '02 76 

Poem D. I. Gross, '02 79 

Opening Address E. S. Anthoine, '02 80 

History E. G. Giles, '02 81 

Prophecy R. B. Dole, '02 84 

Closing Address G. E. Fogg, '02 86 

Ode D. I. Gross, '02 87 

Class Directory, 1S94 C. A. Flagg. '94 15 

1895 L. C. Hatch, '95 249 

Class Elections 173, 180 

Class Prophecy, The Edward Stanwood, '61 136, 177 

B. D. Ridlon, '91 152 

Class Reunions, Anniversary Week 95 

Collection for Colby, Communication President White of Colby .205 

George Thomas, Colby, '03 228 

College Press Meeting C. F. Robinson 50 

Commencement Day and Dinner 90 

Competition for Editorial Board, Notices 152, 211, 267 

Constitutions of Athletic Association 96, 122 

Correction, A R. K. Jones, U. of M 40 

Debate Schedules W. B. Mitchell, '90 125, 165, 246 

Debating F. G. Marshall, '03 207 

Degrees Granted 92 

Delightful Little Dance, A C. F. Robinson 240 

Delta Kappa Epsilon Convention W. S. Cushing 168 

Delta Upsilon Convention A. L. McCobb 120 

I N D EX. — ( Continued.) 


Dramatic Club J- N. Emery, '05 184 

Empty Chapel Panels, The W. F. Finn, Jr 229 

English Composition Prizes (Notice) W. B. Mitchell, '90 42 

Enrollment by Courses S. C. W. Simpson 141 

Everybody Must Go to Chapel C. F. Robinson .260 

Examination Schedule '••■& T. Files, '89 181, 273 

Freshman Banquet W. S. Cushing 95 

Gifts to College in 1902 92 

Hawthorne Prize (Notice) W. B. Mitchell 227 

High Grade Students as Graduates W. S. Cushing 265 

History Prizes (Notices) A. L. P. Dennis 35. H5, 203 

History Readings (Notices) A. L. P. Dennis .115, 156, 207, 232,125, 131, 164, 257 

Initiations C. F. Robinson 129 

Medical Fraternity W. F. Finn, Jr 231 

Interscholastic Base-Ball League W. F. Finn, Jr 217 

Ivy Day Announcement S. T. Dana 49 

Exercises Compiled by C. F. Robinson 58 

Ode F. J. Welch, '03 62 

Oration, "The Right Use of Power." H. J. Webber, '03 61 

Poem G H. Stover, 03 59 

Kappa Sigma Biennial Conclave W. F. Finn, Jr 185 

Last Year's "Bugle." C. F. Robinson 269 

Letter to Bates Athletic Council 121 

Literary Items R. B. Dole, '02 250 

Maine Historical Society Meeting S8 

Mass Meetings 3. 13. 96. 104, 112, 162, 176, 211, 225 

Musical Clubs' Concerts W. F. Finn, Jr., W. S. Cushing, G. C. Soule, '06, 

181, 215, 240, 246 

New Pastor at Church on the Hill W. F. Finn, Jr 257 

New Grandstand, The C. F. Robinson 271 

Notices 1. 9. 33. 120, 104, 130, 167, 176, 219, 235, 243, 260 

Not Quite Resigned but Not His Fault Washington Post 150 

Of Interest to Stamp Collectors J. M. Bridgham, '04 260 

One Year Rule C. F. Robinson ' 160 

Presentation of Memorial Gateway 89 

President's Report, The C. F. Robinson 42 

Prize Essay Contest Circular Letter ■. 215 

Professor's Beer, The B. S. Viles 9 

Provisional Commencement List, 1903 G. T. Files 202 

Psi Upsilon Convention S. T. Dana 20 

Reception S. T. Dana 26 

Publications of the College S. C. W. Simpson 113 

Registration, The C. F. Robinson 104 

Reminiscences A. C. Adams. '36 238 

Report of Athletic Council Funds W. A. Moody 100 

Base-Ball Manager C. F. Robinson 99 

Foot-Ball Manager I. W. Nutter, '03 181 

Track Manager J. L. Mitchell, '03 100 

Samuel Fisher Humphrey, 1848 J. L. Crosby 269 

Saturday Club Lectures Mrs. L. A. Lee 129 

Shopwork Course R. G. Webber, '06 215 

Some Interesting Figures C. F. Robinson 220 

Sophomore Appeal, A W. F. Finn, Jr 113 

Suggestion for the Seniors, A C F. Robinson 252 

Tennis Association Meeting '. S. T. Dana 3 

Theta Delta Chi Convention G. C. Soule, '06 271 

Tribute to a Friend (Poem) C. F. Emery, '36 229 

Visitors During Anniversary Week Compiled by C. F. Robinson 93 

Votes of the Governing Boards Compiled by C. F. Robinson 91 

What Her Eyes Would Buy (Poem) B. S. Viles 26 

What Is Professionalism? Extract from President Faunce's Report 249 

Why I Came to Bowdoin D. C. Munro, '03 103 

Worcester Meet, Regarding the B. S. Viles 26 


Vol. XXXII. 


No. 1. 





Clement F. Robinson, 1903, Editor-in-Chief. 

Farnsworth G. Marshall, 1903, Business Manager. 

William T. Eowe, 1904, Assistant Editor-in-Chief. 
Harold J. Everett, 1904, Assistant Business Manager. 

Associate Editors. 

S. C. W. Simpson, 1903. S. T. Dana, 1904. 

B. S. Viles, 1903. E. H. R. Burroughs, 1905. 

G. C. Purington, Jr., 1904. W. F. Finn, Jr., 1905. 
W. S. Gushing, 1905. 

Per annum, in advance, 
Per Copy, 

. $2.00. 
10 Cents. 

Please address business communications to the Business 
Manager, and all other contributions to the Editor-in-Chief. 

Entered at the Post-Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 

Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston. 

Some of the student body need to be 
reminded that the subscription for Volume 31 
is overdue. It is impossible to run a paper 
without money. The Orient should have the 
prompt patronage of every student who 
believes such a publication is worthy of col- 
lege support. 

The third term of the college year is a 
period of completion. In class-rooms and on 
the field a well-rounded finish to the year's 
efforts is sought, and from Seniors to Fresh- 
men everyone is anticipating new responsibil- 
ities by the gradual surrender of the old. But 
at this very time the Orient is setting out 
with a new volume. At the top of these edito- 
rial columns the list of editors has lost three 
names which have been there for several 

years, four new ones have appeared, and the 
order of the names has been shuffled. But it 
is the same Orient; and the endeavor of the 
management will not be to change in any rad- 
ical way its character, already fairly well 
understood, but to carry it along on the general 
lines laid down by tradition and maintained so 
well by our immediate predecessors. Of 
course, minor changes will happen, which will 
explain themselves as they come; but no 
extended preface need forecast them now. If 
every Bowdoin man comes to feel that he must 
read the paper as a matter of course, our first 
object will be accomplished; if he can accept 
as being in accord with the real Bowdoin spirit 
and sentiment the definite stand which the 
paper will try to take on such questions as 
present themselves in the college world, then 
the purpose of the Orient will be complete. 
And, mindful of the old saw that "the end of 
a thing is much better than the beginning 
thereof," we hope that a year from now our 
retrospective editorial will be able to point to 
an approximate realization of our ideals. We 
have new schemes, as every new Board must 
have ; it is for time and the readers of the 
paper to pick out their flaws. 

The foot-ball schedule appears earlier than 
usual; and only the details of one guarantee 
prevented it from being announced three 
months ago. Its composition, however, shows 
that the early date is due to the energy of the 
manager, and not to any ill-considered haste. 
A better arranged schedule could not well be 
planned. The Harvard date, of course, must 
come at the beginning of the season, but it is 
preceded by a practice game, and followed by 
two others before the Yale game ends the first 
part of the program. Ten days' rest will then 
be succeeded by the hardest games of the 


season in a climax, one a week, until on 
November fifteenth University of Maine and 
Bowdoin fight out the championship in Ban- 
gor. The most noticeable thing in the 
schedule to the casual observer is the omission 
of a Dartmouth game. Perhaps this necessity 
is regrettable, perhaps it is well : if we are 
superstitious we may feel that it is an augur 
of good-luck, for the two teams in the last 
half-decade which have brought most honor to 
the college, — 1900 in foot-ball and '98 in base- 
ball — happen to be numbered among the few 
which have not played with Dartmouth. 

It is a good schedule, Manager Nutter. 
We can most of us only guess at the work and 
worry which are entailed by this arranging of 
what seems in the final form a simple list of 
games ; but we all appreciate that the arrange- 
ment is wisely made. And now for a team to 
make the schedule memorable. 

A base-ball victory starts the season ; good. 
But let the college and the members of the 
team consult our athletic history soberly, and 
the poor ending to a happy beginning will 
develop as evidently the rule. It is for this 
year's nine to emulate the few teams which 
stand apart by themselves with a record of 
victories scattered evenly from Fast Day to Ivy 
Day. Then will be the acme of glory for the 
college and honor for its individuals. 

The meeting of the Tennis Association last 
week brought forth the startling fact that to 
all appearances there are only about ten men in 
college who take enough interest in tennis to 
attend the annual meeting of the Association. 
Yet tennis is as much a recognized branch of 
college athletics as base-ball or foot-ball, which 
call out a fairly large attendance to their meet- 
ings. A tennis team goes every }'ear to Long- 
wood to represent the college, and until very 
recently has taken part in the Maine tennis 
tournament. These teams have always done 
well and reflected credit on their college, and 

they should be supported just as much as the 
base-ball or foot-ball teams. It is surely a 
very easy matter to attend a short meeting, and 
by so doing show that the Bowdoin spirit of 
which we boast is as strong now as it ever was, 
and is ready to support any branch of college 
activity. Let us all turn out, to the next meet- ' 
ing of the sort ! 

Mr. Lathrop, the track coach, arrived Sat- 
urday. He is extremely anxious to have every 
Bowdoin student take up training at once and 
try for the various events of the spring meets. 
There is no time to be wasted, as the Maine 
meet comes the sixteenth of May, closely fol- 
lowed by the Worcester meet the twenty-third 
and twenty-fourth. Mr. Lathrop says if a 
man has had no athletic training and does 
not know what his abilities are, he ought all 
the more to come out and train, — that our 
chances of winning will be increased in pro- 
portion to the number of students who come 
out and compete. He wishes to impress upon 
the students the importance of developing men 
ahead from year to year, in order that the col- 
lege may never be at loss for good athletes. 
If a man goes out and fails to make any team 
this year, the development and training which 
he receives may make him valuable to the col- 
lege athletics the next season. 

Looking at our past successes in these 
spring meets we are apt to regard 
our situation and prospects of winning 
this year too lightly. A number of our star 
track men will not be with us this year, so it 
behooves us to reflect seriously. Our modesty 
should not get the better of our college spirit. 
We may not develop another Cloudman, but 
we can give the college the best we have and 
encourage others by example. The University 
of Maine is using every effort to win in the 
Maine meet, and it is understood that she is 
even taking men from her base-ball team to 
train on the track. Bowdoin has always held 
the championship of the Maine meets. Let us 
see that her record is not broken. 


Remember the Second Nine games next 
week on Whittier Field, — with Bates Second, 
Wednesday, and with Kent's Hill, Saturday. 
The sentiment of the college has demanded a 
second team ; to make it prosper it should be 
supported, and the entrance fee to the home 
games which will be played is small enough 
so that everyone can afford to go. These are 
the last base-ball games in Brunswick until 
the end of May. 

A large and enthusiastic mass-meeting was 
held in Memorial Hall last Tuesday evening, 
for the purpose of talking over the prospects 
of the track athletics for the coming spring 
meets. President Hellenbrand presided over 
the meeting, and after a few brief remarks 
called on Coach Lathrop. Mr. Lathrop urged 
upon the students the necessity of turning out 
a large squad for training. He said that the 
fellows must not put off their training for a 
year later, but ought to start right in now and 
develop themselves for such events as are best 
suited for them. The candidates for next 
year's foot-ball team were asked to train with 
the track men. Special attention was given 
by Mr. Lathrop on the proper method of diet- 
ing and hours were appointed in which the 
men will train for their separate events. Dr. 
Whittier spoke next, and aroused much 
enthusiasm. Captain Hunt then spoke briefly 
and the meeting was adjourned. 

The annual meeting of the Tennis Associa- 
tion was held Wednesday noon, April 16. As 
the attendance was not overwhelmingly large 
the meeting was held in the open air on the 
benches between South Winthrop and North 
Maine. The two men nominated for presi- 
dent by the Advisory Board were Libby, '03, 
and Peabody, '03. Libby was elected by bal- 
lot and then Peabody was unanimously elected 
vice-president. Paine, '03, the former secre- 

tary and treasurer, was re-elected, and Pratt, 
'03, was elected the fourth member of the 
Executive Committee,- the three officers mak- 
ing up the rest of the committee. 


The Eastern Presidents' Conference of 
Student Young Men's Christian Associations 
was held at Union College, Schenectady, N. Y., 
April 3 to 6. The first meeting of the confer- 
ence was called together in Silliman Hall by 
Mr. John R. Mott, chairman of the Interna- 
tional Committee, on Thursday evening, April 
3, at 7.30 o'clock. 

The purpose of the conference as brought 
out at that meeting was : 

1. To consider the problems, perils, prin- 
ciples, and methods of the work of the student 
associations of the East in particular. 

2. To study the work of the association 
from the point of view of the president both in 
the light of the purpose of the movement and 
also in the light of experience. 

3. To promote Christian fellowship 
among those engaged in this common work 
and to wait together upon God for a more 
complete knowledge of the work to which God 
has called them. 

The meetings of the conference were held 
every morning, afternoon, and evening, in 
order to give time to cover all the ground. 

Among the topics treated were : 

"The Qualification and Preparation of the 

"The Work and Relationship of the Presi- 

"Association Membership." 

"Necessity of a Sound Financial Policy." 

"The Bible Study Department of the Stu- 
dent Association." 


"A Scientific Presentation of Association 
Problems. - ' 

"The Study of Missions." 


"Opportunities and Ways of Helping 
Young Men Outside of College." 

"Relation of the Association to the 

"Outline of the World's Student Christian 

On Sunday afternoon, Mr. Mott gave an 
account of his recent trip around the world, 
showing some of the work accomplished by the 
Student Christian Federation in Japan, India, 
and China. Sunday evening, which was the 
farewell meeting, was devoted to the drawing 
up of a policy for the year's work so that all 
the associations might be bound more closely 
together by all having a common foundation to 
work upon. Besides the discussion of these 
subjects, opportunity was given the delegates 
for the discussion with some of the secretaries 
of the problems peculiar to his own constitu- 
tion and association. 

The conference was under the direction of 
the secretaries of the Student Department of 
the International Committee, aided by the sec- 
retaries of the Student Volunteer Movement 
for Foreign Missions and by the leaders in 
state, city, and local student work. Among 
these were Mr. John R. Mott, Mr. H. P. 
Andersen, A. B. Williams, Gilbert A. Beaver, 
E. C. Jenkins, and E. C. Carter of Harvard. 

The total number of delegates was sixty- 
five, representing forty-one colleges and uni- 
versities, professional schools and preparatory 
schools of the East. 

During the stay in Schenectady the dele- 
gates were very kindly entertained by the 
people of the city, and on Saturday afternoon 
a reception was given to them by President 
and Mrs. Raymond, together with the other 
members of the Faculty, at President Ray- 
mond's house. 

D. E. McCormick, President. 

U. of M. will hold an invitation interscholastic 
meet on her athletic field, Saturday, May 17. A cup 
will be awarded to the fitting school which shall win 
the largest number of points in the meet for three 
successive years. Already seven schools have signi- 
fied their intention of participating. 


April 24 — Fast Day, holiday. 

April 26 — Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. Bates at Lewiston. 
(Exhibition game.) 

April 29 — Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. Dartmouth at 

April 30 — Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. Dartmouth at 
Second vs. Bates Second at Brunswick. 

May 3 — Base-ball, Second vs. Kent's Hill at Bruns- 

May 5 — Jury Meeting. 

May 6 — History Club Meeting. 

May 7 — Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. U. of M. at Orono. 

May 10 — Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. Exeter at Exeter. 
Second vs. Kent's Hill at Kent's Hill. 

May 16 — Maine Intercollegiate Athletic Meet at 
Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. Massachusetts State 
College at Amherst. 

May 17 — Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. Amherst at 
Second vs. Hebron at Brunswick. 

May 21 — Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. U. of M. at Bruns- 
Second vs. Bridgton Academy at Bridg- 

May 22 — Bowdoin-Amherst Debate in Memorial 

May 24 — New England Intercollegiate Athletic 
Meet at Worcester. 
Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. Bates at Lewiston. 


Nat Barker, '02, is on the sick list. 

Yes, I have played Ping Pong. Have you? 

The board track was removed the past week. 

The History Club met with Perkins, '03, Tuesday 

A number of the Medics are laid up with the 

Many golf enthusiasts are practicing driving on 
the delta. 

Shaw, '03, is out this term teaching school at 
South Windham. 

Albee, '99, Harvard Medical, '03, was on the 
campus Thursday. 

W. B. Clarke, '99, and H. F. Dana, '99, were in 
town a short time last week. 

Allen, '04, has returned to college, after a three 
months' vacation in New Jersey, 

Dr. Smith, Medical School, will take a two 
weeks' vacation, beginning Thursday. 

Mayflowers and long walks have been quite pop- 
ular with the students the past week. 

F. E. Towne, '03, returned to college. Sunday. 
His father's funeral was last Thursday. 


Saunders, '04, is teaching school at Gorham, N. 
H., during this term. 

Norcross, Dartmouth, '05, was the guest of Dam- 
Ten. '05, the past week. 

The warm weather has been taken advantage of 
by many for a little early practice on the courts. 

The granite for the memorial gate, the gift of the 
Class of '75, is ready, and will probably be shipped 
this week. 

Henry Vaughan, architect of both Science and 
Library Buildings, is preparing plans for the new 
grand stand. 

Sinkinson, '02, was out practicing with the ball 
team last week for the first time since he hurt his 
leg last term. 

King Dodo attracted many students to the Jef- 
ferson Theater last week, and all were much pleased 
with this successful opera. 

The Ends were open during the Easter vacation 
for the accommodation of the medical students who 
had rooms on the campus. 

Eight Harvard Theta Delts visited the Bowdoin 
charge two or three days last week, on their way 
home from a camping trip. 

The Bath High School will hold a dual out-door 
meet with the Brunswick High School on the Whit- 
tier Athletic Field, about May 10. 

The debate which was to have been held Wednes- 
day evening was postponed indefinitely, owing to the 
illness of Fogg, '02, and Gross, '02. 

Owing to the fact that Professor Mitchell was 
sick with the mumps, adjourns were granted last 
week in Rhetoric 3 and Elocution 2. 

There was but one thing that marred the base- 
ball victory, Saturday, and that was the failure of 
the enthusiasts to ring the chapel bell. 

The track men have begun to train for the meet 
in earnest, and the cross country runners may be 
seen getting in their work every fair afternoon. 

The following is the program at the Columbia 
Theater, Bath, for the next week : April 25 and 26, 
'Edmund Breeze Co.; May 2, Barbara Frietchie. 

It is rather a curious fact that the base-ball team 
last Saturday,- with the exception of Bly, special, 
was composed entirely of Juniors and Freshmen. 

The club of younger men on the Faculty, irrev- 
erently dubbed by its own members, "The Knee- 
Breeches Club," banqueted at the Inn last Saturday. 
The campus is rapidly being cleaned up and will 
soon be in excellent condition. The grass is gradu- 
ally turning green and things are beginning to look 
very spring-like. 

Division C of Sophomore German received 
adjourns last week, owing to the fact that no 
professor was on hand until after the required rive 
minutes had elapsed. 

The following men were on the campus the past 
week: Whitney, 1900; Pearson, 1900; McCormick, 
1900 ; Wheeler, 1900 ; Hamlin, 1900 : Clark, '99 ; 
Chamberlain, '99, and Leighton, '01. 

F. Carter of New York and N. R. Webster, '81, 
of Pittsburg, Mass., visited Bowdoin last week to 
consult with the members of the Theta Delta Chi 
Charge in regard to their proposed Chapter House. 

H. W. Files, ex-'03, was on the campus several 
days recently. He is now teaching in Fort Fairfield. 

Rodick, '02, has obtained the agency of Cottrell 
& Leonard, the official' makers of caps and gowns to 
the American colleges. Those desiring new outfits 
for Ivy Day or Commencement should see him 

Over thirty men have been out every night for 
base-ball practice. Captain Havey says that ir 
enough men come out for four nines that Pratt will 
take the third and fourth nines out on the delta, so 
there will be two practice games each night. 

The last chapel service of last term was the best 
in recent years. It was Easter Sunday, and not only 
did the quartet sing twice, but there was a solo, 
"The Ninety and Nine," by Mr. D. Brewer Eddy, 
Yale, '98. 

Those who desire the last volume of the Orient 
bound in a convenient form should hand the loose 
numbers in to the business manager at once. A 
neat and durable binding will be furnished at a very- 
small cost. 

The following list of Junior Prize speakers for 
Commencement Week was announced at the end of 
the term : Blanchard, Marshall, Martin, Robinson, 
Simpson, Stover, Shaw, B. L. Smith, Viles, Walker, 
Webber, White. 

The new score-cards are somewhat of a departure 
from the usual style. They contain an extra inner 
sheet, and also half-tone cuts of Captain Havey and 
Manager Robinson. They are printed by Arthur L. 
Robinson of Brunswick High School on his press in 
the Science Building. 

D. Brewer Eddy, Yale, '98, travelling secretary 
of the Intercollegiate Y. M. C. A., spoke in Massa- 
chusetts Hall, the last Sunday of the term. But few 
speakers of the year held their audience so closely. 
The general impression reminded some of Mr. Reid's 
talk, a few weeks before. 

The various Freshmen delegations are working 
on their respective tennis courts and are getting 
them into good condition. A spike-tooth harrow, 
the invention of R. R. Paine, has been used to great 
advantage on several of the courts, and besides sim- 
plifying matters has enabled a better piece of work 
to be done. 

The annual election for the editors of the 
Campus, the U. of M. fortnightly paper, resulted as 
follows: T. E. Leary, Hampden; R. H. Hilliard, 
Oldtown; C. G. Chase, Baring; R. H. Flint, 
Augusta; and R. M. Snell, Lagrange. The editor- 
in-chief and the business manager will be elected by 
the above board. 

George E. Fogg, '02. is seriously ill at his home 
in Portland. The immediate cause is an injury to 
his side received in the Amherst foot-ball game last 
fall, but overwork at college has probably a great 
deal to do with the break-down. It will be several 
weeks yet, in all probability, before he can return to 

Newenham and Pratt sat side by side on the 
players' bench, Saturday, and for both of them it 
was a unique experience to be but spectators of a 
base-ball game in which they were deeply interested. 
For the former it was doubly unique to be side by 


side with his old rival, and anxious for the success 
of the white instead of gray and blue. 

The second nine practiced by itself on the delta 
part of the time this week. 

The entrance fee to the second nine games next 
week will be fifteen cents. 

Tuesday was Matriculation Day, and most of 
the Freshmen signed the book. 

The Medics left town Thursday morning, for 
their Fast Day Recess, which lasts until Monday. 

The Orient has received from Portland a clip- 
ping describing an interesting surprise party given a 
certain popular Sophomore on his birthday, this 
vacation. We refrain from quoting it only because 
the kind sender omitted to sign his (or her) name. 

Professor Nicholas Murray Butler was installed 
as President of Columbia University, last Saturday, 
with imposing ceremonies. The President of the 
United States and the heads of most of the univer- 
sities in the country were present, and spoke at the 
banquet in the evening at Sherry's. 

About twenty base-ball men got back on Wednes- 
day of vacation week, but because of the rain there 
was no real practice until Saturday afternoon. 
Newenham arrived at the same time with the men, 
and will remain in all probability until the very end 
of the season, although it has not been customary 
to retain base-ball coaches but a month and a half 
at the longest. 

Thursday of this week was a holiday, — Fast 
Day, — appointed by the Governor by a proclamation 
not nver-enthtisiastic for the real value of the day. 
Here at college Fast Day was well appreciated, 
however ; the Lewiston and Auburn and Portland 
men went home ; 1903 had a banquet at Gurnet's ; 
and even the Orient took a holiday, — or its printers 
did. — and hence it appears on Friday. 

Work on the Library is progressing rapidly. 
The temporary roof has been removed, and a large 
crew is at work. The walls of the stack room are 
nearly completed, and the third story of the main 
building has been commenced. The library will not 
be ready for occupancy until the middle or latter 
part of next September, which will be somewhat 
later than was first expected. 

The following schools have accepted the invita- 
tion to enter the Bowdoin Invitation Meet May 31 : 
Cony High. Bangor High, Bowdoinham High, Bath 
High, Brunswick High, Edward Little High, Lew- 
iston High, Waterboro High, Private School, Ban- 
gor, Coburn Classical Institute, Hebron Academy, 
Kent's Hill, Parscnsfield Seminary, Westbrook 
Seminary. Others will probably enter later. 

Enthusiastic applause greeted the announcement 
of Professor Dennis to the Junior History Class, 
Monday, that because of the unexpected number who 
had elected the course there would be no reports to 
prepare this term. Each member of the class, how- 
ever, must answer a question in the final examination 
based on the life of some great American. Each 
student is to be assigned a character for investiga- 
tion, from a list of about twenty names. 

The annual banquet of the Orient Board to its 
retiring editors took place at the Inn, Thursday 
evening of last week. The guests of the board were 
Dole, Cousens, and Kelley, '02. Pearson, McCor- 

mick, and Whitney, 1900, former Orient men, were 
at the Inn with the "Verein," and later in the evening 
visited the session of the editorial board up-stairs. 
It was eleven o'clock before the editors reached 
home, pleased with a jolly time and loaded with 
enthusiasm for work which must from its nature be 
largely drudgery. 

The first themes of the term for Sophomores and 
Juniors not taking Political Economy, will be due 
Tuesday, April 29 : 

1. An Ideal Grand-Stand for the Whittier 
Athletic Field. 

2. Should Fast Day Be Abolished in Maine? 

3. Admission to College by Points. 

4. Should the Chinese Exclusion Bill Become a 
Law ? 

5. Stephen Phillips as Poet and Dramatist. 

The Deutscher Verein held its first meeting for 
the spring term at New Meadows Inn, April 17. 
The election of a new Vorsitzender for the term 
was postponed owing to the absence of several mem- 
bers. The library committee reported that a stamp 
and book plate designed by Professor Files had been 
purchased for the Verein Library. The greater part 
of the evening was devoted to singing songs and 
telling stories. Among the former members present 
were Whitney, Pearson, Holmes, and McCormick, 
all of 1900. 

A University Extension Society of Maine was 
organized at Lewiston, a few weeks ago, with Mr. 
W. W. Stetson of Auburn, State Superintendent of 
Schools, as President, and a representative list of 
associate officers. This society is to furnish popular 
lectures by scientific men to the people of Lewiston 
and Auburn. If the start proves successful, the 
movement will be extended to other cities of the 
State. The first lecture was Wednesday evening, 
April 23, by Professor F. C. Robinson, on "Science 
and Modern Life." There was a large attendance, 
and the scheme seems well started. 

1903 held a special class-meeting last week Fri- 
day, to transact some matters of detail connected 
with Ivy Day. An auditing committee was 
appointed to approve the records and accounts of 
class officials, and a banquet committee was 
appointed with Marshall as chairman. This latter 
committee started work at once, and by Monday 
night had fifty members of the class pledged to 
attend a banquet at Gurnet's on Thursday evening 
of this week. The selection of the date was in some 
respects unfortunate, but no other evening could be 
found equally free until the middle of May. 

Two Italians with a hurdy-gurdy made more 
money in one day this week than they could get 
in an ordinary month. The pair struck the campus, 
Tuesday, and touched the hearts and pockets of the 
students at once. Through open recitation-room 
windows the strains of "The Blue and Gray" and 
"The Holy City" floated all the morning and after- 
noon, the Juniors in History being favored in par- 
ticular by a serenade quite unexpected throughout 
the whole lecture hour. The leader of the couple 
said in farewell, "Yes, we come again, very soon ; 
we like-a here." The professors will look forward 
to their return with pleasure ; and so will the stu- 


The following books have been recently added 
to the library: "The Leopard's Spots." by Dixon 
Thomas; "Oxford Book of England." edited by 
Couch : "Government Atlas of the Philippine 
Islands;" full set of "American History Leaflets:" 
"Casting of Nets." by Bagot; "Deutsche Geschichte" 
in five volumes, by Lamprecht ; "Handbook of the 
History of Diplomacy, and Government of the 
United" States," bv Hart; "Tuscan Sculpture," by 
Hurll; "Through Science to Faith," by Smyth; 
"England and America After Independence," by 
Smith; "Correspondence of George III. with Lord 
North," bv Donne; "Studies in Honor of Basil L. 
Gildersleeve." This last book contains an article by 
Haggett, '93. 


It is to be regretted that the enthusiasm for spring 
pracl.ce aroused by our foot-ball coach, Mr. O'Con- 
nor, has so quickly died out, and that the charging 
machine, built at considerable expense, stands 
unused in the gymnasium. It is true that a few 
foot-ball players are taking base-ball training, but 
the majority of those are men who will try for ends 
or positions behind the line. To them the base-ball 
and track training will be of advantage in foot-ball, 
but many who will try for line positions, make no 
effort to get similar preliminary training. As the 
captain himself is busy on the diamond, it has been 
suggested that he appoint a man to take charge of 
the spring foot-ball practice. Some such provision, 
it would seem, is urgently needed. 

In this should be remembered that a 
year or two ago our Lewiston and Auburn alumni 
established a prize foot-ball kicking cup to be 
awarded yearly to the best punter in college. This 
was intended to be an incentive to enthusiastic prac- 
tice in that other essential phase of the game, but 
for some reason the cup has stayed idle ever since 
received, and interest in it has lapsed. It would 
seem to be a good idea for the foot-ball manage- 
ment to look up the terms of the deed of gift, and 
if the terms are not well calculated to accomplish 
their purpose, to ask the donors of the cup to mod- 
ify these conditions. 


Manager Nutter gives the Orient the following 
completed schedule of foot-ball games for next fall : 

Saturday. Sept. 27 — Fort Preble at Brunswick. 

Wednesday, Oct. 1 — Harvard at Cambridge. 

Wednesday, Oct. 8 — Exeter at Brunswick. 

Saturday. Oct. 11 — New Hampshire State Col- 
lege at Brunswick. 

Wednesday, Oct. 15 — Vale at New Haven. 

Saturday, Oct. 25 — Colby at Brunswick. 

Saturday, Nov. 1 — Amherst at Amherst. 

Saturday, Nov. 8 — Bates at Brunswick. 

Saturday, Nov. 15 — University of Maine at Ban- 

The first three Brunswick games will be almost 
practice games. Every precaution will be taken to 

win them, of course ; but beyond this, if the oppos- 
ing teams prove easy to beat, a chance will be given 
to try out in actual games as many as possible of the 
men who will be trying for 'varsity positions. 

Foot-ball training will begin September 5, and a 
training-table throughout the season will be main- 

The foot-ball managers of Bowdoin and Univer- 
sity of Maine have signed an agreement for two 
years. By this agreement the game in 1902 between 
the two will be in Orono or Bangor, as U. of M. 
shall elect, while the 1903 game will be in Brunswick 
or Portland as Bowdoin shall elect. The home team 
in each case shall handle all money and make all 
arrangements, except the officials must be satisfac- 
tory to both managers. The accounts in each case 
are to be audited by a representative of the other 
institution, and then the profits of the games are to 
be evenly divided after deducting the expenses of 
seventeen men for each team, officials, police, 
grounds, advertising, and other similar ^expenses. 

A good word is never out of place for the work 
of Umpire Hassett. No umpire in recent years has 
gained so completely the confidence of all the Maine 
colleges, and serious protest has never been entered 
to any of his decisions made in the college games. 

Bowdoin 7, Colby 3. 

The first game of the season has come and gone, 
and we can now begin to judge somewhat of the 
work our team will do this year. Altogether the 
outlook seems promising. The team batted and 
fielded remarkably well for so early in the season, 
but the feature of the game was the work of the new 
Freshman pitcher, Lewis, in the box. During the 
whole game he gave only one man his base on balls, 
and it is a fact worth noticing that during the last 
six innings not a Colby man reached first base. If 
Lewis only keeps up his good work, we shall have in 
him and Oakes two of the best pitchers in the State, 
and ought to be able to wrest the Maine champion- 
ship from the other colleges. Colby's Freshman 
pitcher, Pugsley, also did excellent work, striking 
out ten men, and deserved much better support than 
was given him. 

The game opened rather dubiously for Bowdoin. 
Cowing, the first man up, was given his base on 
balls, and was advanced to third by Saunders and 
Meserve, who were both put out at first. Then 
Keene knocked an easy ball just in front of the 
plate, but unfortunately Blanchard threw a little high 
and Havey muffed the ball, giving Keene his base 
and letting in a run. Captain Teague was the next 
man up, and he covered himself with glory by knock- 
ing a long drive to left field, which was good .for 
three bases. Keene, of course, came in on this hit, 
and Colby had two runs to her credit. Lewis then 
ended the inning by striking out Pugsley. 

Bowdoin, in her half of the inning, was unable lo 
do anything. White was given his base on balls. 
but Bly, who was next up, knocked an easy fly to 
the pitcher, which resulted in a double play. 
Blanchard was retired on a liner to short. 

In the second inning Colby was unable to score. 
hut Bowdoin made three runs by two Colby infield 
errors and two hits, one a three-bagger by Coffin. 
Colby tied the score in the third, by a long fly to left 
which Cuffin misjudged because of the strong wind : 


letting in a runner from second. This was Colby's 
last run. The next nineteen men were out in suc- 
cession without a single one reaching first. Bow- 
doin scored four more, however, by bunching hits 
in the fourth and the seventh, combined with a 
passed ball on the third strike, when Shaughnessy 
was at bat. White hit a two-bagger that brought 
in two runs in the seventh. White played an excel- 
lent game throughout, batting well and taking 
everything that came his way in the field. 

Saunders replaced Pugsley in the eighth, but was 
too late to do any good for Colby. 

The summary : 


ab r bh po a e 

White, 3b 4 o 2 o 2 o 

Bly, ss 5 o o I 1 o 

Blanchard, c 5 o 6 2 o 

Havey, lb 4 2 1 17 o 1 

Greene, rf 5 1 1 o o 

Munro, cf 5 1 ■ 1 o o 

Coffin, If 2 1 1 o o 1 

Lewis, p 3 2 o 2 3 

Shaughnessy, 2b 4 o 1 1 3 o 

37 7 7 27 11 2 


ab r bh po a e 

Cowing, c 3 1 o 11 1 

Saunders, cf. and p 4 o o 2 I 1 

Meserve, ss 4 o 1 2 I 1 

Keene. rf 420100 

Teague, ib 4 o 1 4 o 1 

Pugsley, p. and cf 4 o 1 2 o 

Pike, 2b 3 o 1 2 2 o 

Palmer, 3b 3 o o o 2 

Allen, ss 3 o o o o o 

32 3 3 23* 6 6 
Two-base hits — White. Three-base hits — Cof- 
fin, Teague. Double plays — Pugsley, Teague. 
Bases on balls — By Lewis 1, by Pugsley 6, by Saund- 
ers 1. Struck out — By Lewis 5, by Pugsley 10. 
Passed balls — Blanchard. Cowing. Time of game — 
1 hour 40 minutes. Umpire — J. Hassett. Attend- 
ance — 300. 

*Greene out, hit by batted ball. 

Score by Innings. 


Bowdoin o 3 o 1 3 x — 7 

Colby ,.. 2 o. 1 o o o o — 3 


M. '47. — Dr. R. R. Ricker, one of the oldest 
physicians in Lewiston, died Monday, April 14, from 
a shock he received the Friday before. Dr. Ricker 
was a resident of Lewiston nearly 40 years. He was 
a native of Acton and the son of Nathaniel Ricker 
and one of thirteen children, of whom he was the 
last one living. He began the study of medicine 
when 18 years of age, took a course at Dartmouth, 
and graduated finally from Bowdoin in the 
Medical Class of 1847. He settled in Ossipee 
in 1847, marrying Miss Lucy F. Perkins of 
that place. After two years' practice there they 
moved to Kittery for four years, and in 1853 to 

Minot Corner. Dr. Ricker entered the army as 
assistant surgeon in '62 and served through all the 
closing battles of the war from the Wilderness to 
Appomatox. He was a member and had been a 
commander of Knox Post, G. A. R., Lewiston. In 
■city affairs he served several terms in the council 
and was six years a city physician. Six years ago 
this May, Dr. and Mrs. Ricker celebrated their 
golden wedding, when a pleasant reunion of the 
scattered family took place. 

Mr. George Webster died at his home in Ban- 
gor, on March 29, after. an illness of several months. 
He was born in Bangor, August 26. 1834. His early 
education was received in the public schools of that 
city and later he entered Bowdoin, graduating with 
honors in the Class of 1859. Then he entered the 
Bangor Theological Seminary, where he remained 
until the outbreak of the Civil War. He enlisted in 
the 12th Maine as second lieutenant of Company L, 
commanded by Captain John F. Appleton, Class of 
i860. He gained steady promotions and was mus- 
tered out in 1866 as major with the rank of brevet 
lieutenant-colonel. After the war Mr. Webster con- 
ducted a wholesale flour business in Bangor until 
1878. Then he became head clerk of the First 
National Bank, where he continued until a short 
time before his death. He gave himself to his work 
unstintedly, by his integrity and faithfulness winning 
universal respect and confidence. 

Mr. Webster united with the Hammond Street 
Congregational Church in 1852 and was elected 
deacon in 1873. in which office he served continu- 
ously until his death. During all those years he was 
closely related to the various departments of that 
church. He leaves behind him an only daughter, 
four brothers, and a sister. 

'68. — In the death of Dr. William F. Shepard, 
April 12, Bowdoin loses another honored and loyal 
alumnus. Dr. Shepard has for years been one of the 
leading physicians of Bangor; a man of great ability 
and literary talent, he added to these qualities a cor- 
diality and keen sense of humor, which won the 
friendship of all his acquaintances. He graduated 
from Bowdoin in 1868, after which he taught for two 
years in Hampden and Fryeburg Academies. After 
graduation from the Medical School of Maine in 
1871, he was appointed resident physician in the 
Homeopathic Hospital in Philadelphia. He soon 
returned to Bangor, where he practiced ever 
since. Dr. Shepard's death is a source of regret to 
all who knew him. 

Hall of Bowdoin Chapter, 
Alpha Delta Phi Fraternity. 
Whereas, We have learned with deepest sorrow 
of the death of our beloved brother, William Frank 
Shepard, of the Class of 1868, be it 

Resolved, That the Bowdoin Chapter mourns Lhe 
loss of a true and loyal brother of Alpha Delta Phi ; 

Resolved, That the Bowdoin Chapter extends its 
heartfelt sympathy to the bereaved relatives and 
friends of the deceased. 

Charles Edgar Rolfe, 2d, 
Thomas Harrison Riley, Jr., 
George Adams Foster, 

For the Chapter. 


Vol. XXXII. 


No. 2. 





Clement F. Robinson, 1903, Editor-in-Chief. 

Farnsworth G. Marshall, 1903, Business Manager. 

William T. Rowe, 1904, Assistant Editor-in-Chief. 
Harold J. Everett, 1904, Assistant Business Manager. 

Associate Editors. 

S. C. W. Simpson, 1903. S. T. Dana, 1904. 

B. S. Viles, 1903. E. H. R. Burroughs, 1905. 

G. C. Purington, Jr., 1904. W. F. Finn, Jr., 1905. 
W. S. Cushing, 1905. 

Per annum, in advance, 
Per Copy, 

. $2.00. 
10 Cents. 

Please address business communications to the Business 
Manager, and all other contributions to the Editor-in-Chief. 

Entered at the Post-Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 

Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston. 

All students who have scholarships appor- 
tioned to them must call at the Treasurer's 
office and receipt .for them on or before the 
first of May. 

The ball game which was '.o have been 
played with Bates last Saturday had to be post- 
poned on account of a heavy rain. It will be 
played off next Monday, and Monday after- 
noon recitations here will be put off until 
Wednesday afternoon, in order that all the stu- 
dents may attend the game. All turn out and 
cheer the team on to victory ! It is the first 
ranie in the series that counts ! 

The question of granting the degree of 
A.B. without requiring any knowledge of 

Greek has been before the legislative boards of 
Bowdoin for several years, and while it is 
strongly recommended by the President, each 
year it fails to receive the necessary number of 
votes. It seems hard that a man should be 
unable to obtain the Bachelor's degree at this 
college without spending two or more years 
studying a subject which he bitterly dislikes, 
and which is elective in all the other colleges 
of our standing in New England, and we hope 
the report is true that the coming commence- 
ment will bring about a change in this matter 
at Bowdoin. The change has got to come 
before long, at any rate, if Bowdoin is to keep 
abreast of her rivals. 


There is a story told of a certain well- 
known college professor, who, feeling indis- 
posed, consulted his physician. The latter was 
a German, and advised his patient to work less 
and take beer as a tonic. Now the professor 
had never cared for this beverage, but he con- 
sented to follow out directions. In a few days 
doctor and patient met upon the street, and the 
latter inquired regarding the professor's con- 

"About the same," said the learned man. 

"Did you take beer as I directed?" asked 
the physician. 

"Yes," was the reply; "I took it a few 
times, but it became so nauseous that I had to 
discontinue it." 

"How much did you take?" 

"Why, I bought a whole bottle, and took a 
spoonful before each meal," answered the 

Now we wonder if our readers can guess to 
what particular department the professor 




The event of the year for 1903 was the 
ciass banquet last Thursday evening at Gur- 
net's. 1903 is the first class for years to plan 
yearly banquets, although the sad death of 
John P. Webber prevented the carrying out of 
the plan Sophomore year. There were just 
fifty members of the class who journeyed to 
Bob Jordan's, Thursday, and not one regrets 
the evening. After an exciting ball game 
between two nines captained by White, presi- 
dent of the Base-Ball Association, and Viles 
of the Orient, and umpired by Robinson, 
manager of the Base-Ball Team, and a ban- 
quet spread out in Jordan's best style, the fol- 
lowing toasts were responded to : 

"Then and Now," Harrie Linwood Web- 
ber; "Junior Ease," Bertram Louis Smith; 
"Kappa Beta Phi," Francis Joseph Welch ; 
"Athletics," Merrill Blanchard ; "Idyll," Blaine 
Spooner Viles ; "The Chinner," George Hink- 
ley Stover; "The World of Cinches," Clement 
Franklin Robinson; "Long Look Ahead," 
Seldon Osgood Martin ; "The Ladies," Henry 
G. Farley. 

It was nearly midnight when the class 
returned and started out to cheer the ends and 
visit the midnisrht train. 

The last of the series of trials to choose the 
team to represent the college in the debate with 
Amherst, May 22, was held in Memorial Hall, 
Wednesday evening. The subject debated 
was, "Resolved, That reconstruction on the 
basis of negro suffrage was an unwise policy." 
Those on the affirmative were E. S. Anthoine, 
'02, and F. G. Marshall, '03, and on the nega- 
tive G. R. Walker, '02, and H. L. Webber, '03. 
The debating team as announced Friday even- 
ing consists of Gross, '02, Walker, '02, Mar- 
shall, '03, and Anthoine, '02, alternate. The 
judges were President Hyde and Professors 
Mitchell, Houghton, Chapman and Callender. 
Gross was absent from this final preliminary 
debate because of sickness, but was appointed 

to the final team on the strength of his pre- 
vious work. 

Amherst also chose her team last week, as 
follows : Lord and Pierce, '02, and Atwood, 
'03, with Van Siclen, '02, as alternate. 


The Bangor graduates of Bowdoin College 
held their annual banquet in the Bangor House 
on Friday evening, April 25. President 
Hyde was the guest of honor and twenty-five 
members were present, and a remarkably pleas- 
ant occasion was the verdict of all who 

A pretty feature of the post-prandial exer- 
cises was the sending of greetings to President 
Hyde and the alumni by those who were in 
attendance at the banquet of the Penobscot 
Valley Alumni Association of the University 
of Maine, which was held in the Madocka- 
wando Club. These greetings were responded 
to in turn at the U. of M. banquet by Dr. M. 
C. Fernald, Bowdoin, '61. It was a unique 
and courteous act, which indicated the friendly 
spirit which exists between these two Maine 
institutions of learning. 

The following toasts were given : 

"Bowdoin in 1835," Josiah Crosby, Esq., 
'35 ; "Bowdoin in Arms," Rev. John S. Sewall, 
'50; "Foot-Ball," Hiland L. Fairbanks, Esq., 
'95 ; "The New Century," Dr. D. A. Robinson, 
'73; "Athletics," Donald F. Snow, '01. 

All of the addresses, as was to have been 
expected, were bright and to the point, and 
filled with reminiscence and clever anecdotes ; 
beneath the flashes of wit, however, was an 
undercurrent of deep seriousness, caused by 
the recent death of a prominent member of the 
association, Dr. W. F. Shepard, and the still 
more recent death, by drowning, of Mr. James 
Crosby, a son of John L. Crosby, of the Class 

of '53- 

The following resolutions were unani- 
mously adopted: 

The Bangor Alumni Association of Bow- 
doin College meets to-night in the sadness of 



the tragic event which overshadows the entire 
community and takes from our gathering at 
least one of our members whose presence we 
particularly miss. 

One of the pleasantest features of these 
alumni gatherings has been the mingling of 
the older alumni with the younger as boys of 
the same family. This, at least for the 
younger men, has been full of interest and 
inspiration, and upon previous occasions the 
presence of none has added more enthusiasm 
to the Bowdoin spirit than that of John L. 
Crosby of the Class of '53. We would not 
intrude upon the privacy of the great sorrow 
which has so suddenly visited his home; but 
we desire to express our sorrowful remem- 
brance at this time. Therefore, 

Resolved, That we, the members of the 
Bangor Alumni Association of Bowdoin Col- 
lege, unite in a message of heart-felt sympathy 
with Mr. Crosby and the members of his 
household, and in the hope that all the 
resources of human sympathy and of divine 
consolation may belong to him and to his home. 

The following is a complete list of those 
who attended : 

Josiah Crosby, Esq., Dexter, '35 ; John S. 
Sewall, D.D., '60; Dr. M. C. Fernald, '61; 
Prof. Herbert Harris, '72; Dr. D. A. Robin- 
son, Frank A. Floyd, Esq., Brewer, '73 ; Prof. 
Henry K. White, '74; Charles T. Hawes, '76; 
A. E. Harding, Esq., '80 ; John H. Davis, Esq., 
J. Willis Crosby, Rev. C. H. Cutler, '81 ; W. E. 
Brown, '83; Rev. E. A. Newbegin, '91; G. 
Fred Swett, '92 ; Milton S. Clifford, '93 ; 
Edgar M. Simpson, Esq., Ralph P. Plaisted, 
Esq., '94 ; Pliland Fairbanks, Esq., Dr. B. L. 
Bryant, '95 ; Dr. J. B. Thompson, Taber D. 
Bailey, Esq., '96 ; Roland E. Bragg, Hugh F. 
Quinn, Donald F. Snow, '01 ; Harraden S. 
Pearl, sp. 

Officers were elected as follows : 

President, S. T. Humphrey; Vice-Presi- 
dent, John S. Sewall ; Secretary, Dr. B. L. 
Bryant ; Treasurer, John H. Davis ; Executive 
Committee, F. H. Appleton, C. T. Hawes, D. 

A. Robinson, G. Fred Swett, Milton S. Clif- 


May 3— Base-ball, Second vs. Kent's Hill at Bruns- 
May 5 — Jury Meeting. 

Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. Bates at Lewiston. 
May 6 — History Club Meeting. 
May 7 — Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. U. of M. at Orono. 
May 10 — Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. Exeter at Exeter. 
Second vs. Kent's Hill at Kent's Hill. 
May 12-16 — Maine Intercollegiate Tennis Tourna- 
ment at Brunswick. 
May 16 — Maine Intercollegiate Athletic Meet at 
Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. Massachusetts State 
College at Amherst. 
May 17 — Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. Amherst at Amherst. 

Second vs. Hebron at Brunswick. 
May 21 — Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. U. of M. at Bruns- 
Second vs. Bridgton Academy at Bridg- 
May 22 — Bowdoin-Amherst Debate in Memorial 

May 24 — New England Intercollegiate Athletic Meet 
at Worcester. 
Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. Bates at Lewiston. 
May 26-29 — Longwood Tennis Association Tourna- 
ment at Brookline. 
May 2S — Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. Colby at Brunswick. 

Second vs. Bates Second at Lewiston. 
May 30 — Memorial Day, holiday. 
May 31 — Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. U. of M. at Bangor. 
(Exhibition game.) 
Bowdoin Invitation Interscholastic Meet 

at Whittier Field. 
Athletic Meet at Mott Haven. 


Webb, '05, returned to college Tuesday. 

Professor Files lectured in Castine last Saturday 

Cleveland, ex-'os, has been on the campus the 
past week. 

"Jack" Minot, '96, passed Sunday at the Delta 
Kappa Epsilon house. 

Professor Robinson gave the Juniors a written 
quiz in Mineralogy, Saturday morning. 

Representatives of Wright & Ditson and Reed 
& Welch were on the campus two days last week. 

The Freshman Theme course to Mr. Dyer this 
term will be supplementary to the Greek course, 
and will embrace New Testament topics. 



The "Cercle Francais" met at the Inn Wednesday 

A number of the golf enthusiasts enjoyed driving 
on the green Fast Day. 

Juniors in Mineralogy I are making excursions 
into the surrounding country in search of specimens. 

An interesting Y. M. C. A. service is probable 
this Thursday evening; it is the monthly missionary 

"Hans" Walker, '01, who is principal of the 
Mechanic Falls High School, was on the campus 

Work on the new club-house at the golf links 
is being pushed rapidly, and it will be ready before 
very long. 

Daniel I. Gross, '02, is slowly recovering from a 
severe illness during which a surgical operation was 

There was a "Yagger" game on the Delta Fast 
Day morning, which was witnessed by a number of 
the students. 

• Professor Lee addressed the Auburn Natural 
History Society last Friday evening, upon Museum 
Work at E. L. H. S. Hall. 

A number of the students went to Portland last 
Saturday evening, to witness the production of 
"Florodora" at the Jefferson Theater. 

J. O. Hamilton, '02, is teaching at Bellows Falls, 
Vermont, this term. It is hoped that he will be able 
to take part in the Worcester and State meets. 

The Library hours are as follows : Week days, 
8 a.m. to 6 p.m., 7 p.m. to 9.30 p.m. Sundays (Read- 
ing Room only), 2.00 p.m. to 5 p.m., 6.15 p.m. to 9.15 

Captain Charles Gould, '02, captain of the Yale 
foot-ball eleven of last season, has been appointed 
head coach of the Amherst foot-ball eleven for next 

Pitching horse-shoes is now one of the favorite 
forms of amusement. It seems to be taking the 
place of pitching pennies, so popular the last part 
of last term. 

The first exercise in the optional Freshman course 
of Surveying was held Friday afternoon. During 
the remainder of the term the class will meet Mon- 
day morning at 10. 

The Breeze Comedy Company, which played a 
five days' engagement at the Columbia Theater, 
Bath, proved a pleasing attraction to many of the 
students last week. 

They say that the captivating maidens in Rice's 
"Cap of Fortune" captured the city of Waterville, or 
at least the boys of the college and a generous share 
of their belongings. 

The meeting of the History Club to have been 
held this week with White at the Alpha Delta House 
was postponed until next Tuesday because of the 
absence of the base-ball men. 

Speaking about the correspondence of country 
newspapers, — here is an item which appeared in a 

rural weekly a few days since : " is building a 

nice barnyard fence and will paint it red." 

Weekly quizes in History 6, which have usually 
come on Wednesdays, will be held on Mondays dur- 

ing the present term. The one set for this week was 
omitted because of the absence of the base-ball men. 

The Amherst Student gravely announces in its 
last issue that the Amherst-Bowdoin Debate is to be 
held at "New Brunswick." No, thank you, we may 
be "down East," but not quite so far as that. 

The adjourned business meeting of the Deutscher 
Verein was held last Saturday. Swett, '02, was 
elected Vorsitzender, and Houghton, '03, was elected 
Kassenwart to fill the resulting vacancy in that office. 

Preparations are now under way for opening the 
season at Merrymeeting Park. The animals will be 
removed to another part of the grounds. The Casino 
will not open until the middle of May; and the 
amphitheatre not until June. 

Many of the students have been much interested 
in reading in last week's papers a clipping from a 
western paper concerning a brief autobiography of 
President Hyde. Whatever editorial comments are 
added to his sketch no Bowdoin man will feel are too 

The program for the one hundred and eighth 
commencement at Williams has been completed by 
Dr. E. B. Parsons, secretary of the Faculty. Tues- 
day, June 24, will be class day, and upon that date 
Dr. Henry Hopkins, president-elect, will be inaugu- 

The Freshmen are considering the project of a 
dual meet with the Colby Freshmen the first of June. 
Such a meet was an annual event for several years. 
The last one was when the present Seniors were 
Freshmen, and was an overwhelming Bowdoin vic- 

Edwards, 1900, M. I. T.,'02, was entered in the 
broad jump, 100-yard dash and 220-yard hurdles in 
the trials at Charles River Park, Saturday. 
Edwards will undoubtedly represent M. I. T. in the 
tri-collegiate meet with Dartmouth and Brown, next 

Circulars are being sent to the Harvard alumni 
asking for an expression of opinion in regard to 
shortening the established program of the commence- 
ment exercises. The committee in charge will 
report at the coming commencement, so no changes 
will be made this year. 

It is understood that Columbia will soon be given 
the most expensive campus in the world by the addi- 
tion of two blocks of land joining the present campus 
and valued at $3,000,000. A syndicate of wealthy 
New York men contemplate purchasing the property 
and presenting it to the college. 

The annual convention of the Psi Upsilon Fra- 
ternity is being held with the Beta Chapter at Yale 
this week Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday. The 
delegates from the Kappa Chapter here at Bowdoin 
are George C. Fogg, '02, George H. Stover, '03, and 
Philip G. Clifford, '03. Several other members of 
the chapter are also in attendance. 

The New England Convention of the Theta Delta 
Chi fraternity was held in the American House, 
Boston, on Friday evening, April 11. The banquet 
was served at seven o'clock, and a business meeting 
followed. N. R. Webster, Bowdoin, '81, was among 
those who responded to toasts. The following 
Bowdoin men were also present: H. S. Card, '81; 
W. W. Poor, '91; C. C. Bucknam, '93; Harvey D. 



Gibson, '02 ; and Edward F. Abbott, '03. A remark- 
ably pleasant convention is reported. 

There was a quiz in Junior Economics Saturday. 

Mr. Luther D. Wishard spoke morning and even- 
ing at the Congregational Church, Sunday, and in 
the afternoon at chapel. He travels in the interest 
of the American Board of Commissioners for 
Foreign Missions, and was one of the most inter- 
esting speakers at the recent Toronto Conference. 
He spoke very entertainingly Sunday evening of his 
meeting with the students of Japan. Mr. Wishard 
is noted and sometimes feared for his ability to get 
contributions for missions. Sunday morning he was 
given a promise of a yearly contribution of about 
$300 from the Brunswick church. 

One college song that wasn't sung at the installa- 
tion of Dr. Nicholas Murray Butler, Saturday, April 
19, as President of Columbia, runs as follows : 
In heaven above, where all is love, 

The Faculty won't be there; 
But down below, where all is woe, 

The Faculty will be there. 
Cho. — C-o-l-u-m-b-i-a 
D— the Faculty! 

Invitations to the thirteenth annual reception of 
the Kappa Chapter of Psi Upsilon Fraternity on 
May 9 were issued last week. The patronesses will 
be Mrs. William De W. Hyde, Mrs. Alfred Mitchell, 
Mrs. William A. Moody, Mrs. William A. Hough- 
ton, Mrs. Charles C. Hutchins, Mrs. George T. Lit- 
tle, Mrs. Franklin C. Robinson, Mrs. Frank C. 
Woodruff, Mrs. George T. Files, Mrs. Leslie A. 
Lee, Mrs. Alfred L. P. Dennis, Mrs. Roscoe J. Ham. 
and Mrs. Algernon S. Dyer. The reception is in 
charge of a committee composed of Charles Henry 
Hunt, Philip Greely Clifford, Herbert Henry 
Oakes and Charles Andrew Johnson Houghton. 

A large and enthusiastic mass-meeting was held 
Friday noon in Memorial Hall, the object of the 
meeting being to get as large a number of students 
as possible to attend the Bates-Bowdoin game at 
Lewiston Saturday afternoon, and to choose a leader 
for the cheering. White, '03, president of the base- 
ball association, presided. Brief, but enthusiastic 
remarks were made by Captain Havey, Manager 
Robinson, Coach Newenham, Gray, '02, and Oakes, 
'04. Gray was chosen to lead the cheering. It is 
certainly to be hoped that the enthusiasm stored up 
at this meeting is bottled up in readiness to let out 
at the game next Monday. 

The April Quill appeared last Friday. Its open- 
ing story is a true one, — "A Race That Was Lost," 
by J. C. Minot, '96. It describes one of the best of 
the class boat-races, where the leading shell, the 
Freshmen, overturned just before the moment of 
victory. The Brunswick fellows now in college were 
Grammar School boys then, and can remember the 
event distinctly. Two poems by alumni, — "Inner 
Vision," by Isaac Bassett Choate, and "A Note for a 
Nosegay," by J. P. We'-ber, 1900, comprise the verse 
in this issue. The remiinder of the paper is taken 
up with the usual departments and a carefully written 
description of Longfellow's College Days, by "P." 

"The Idiot" in the Gray Goose Tracks has some 
sharp and just sarcasm about the popular novel of 
college life. 

The contract for the memorial gate, the gift of the 
Class of '75, has been awarded to the Hallowell Gran- 
ite Company. The work began Monday, April 28, 
and will be completed in about two weeks. The 
posts, which are of Block Island granite, arrived the 
first of the week. The new gate will be erected so 
that its center will be in the middle of the line of 
trees leading to the chapel, and the walk will be 
slightly shifted from its present situation. A con- 
crete foundation several feet deep is being made for 
the gate. 

The masons are completing the work on the 
steps of the new western entrance to the Art Build- 
ing. On entering the Art Building a casual glance 
will reveal to us a large collection of photographs of 
Nurenburg, of a high grade, which will be exhibited 
there till May 12. In the Sophia Walker Gallery, 
numerous miniatures from the collection of Miss 
Harriet L. Walker have been placed on permanent 
exhibition. There have also been added valuable 
laces and needlework. There has been placed in 
the small center Chippendale cabinet two new Span- 
ish medallions of fine workmanship. Every week 
there are new objects added to the collection, and the 
students could show their appreciation of this in no 
better way, than by frequent visits to the Art Build- 

Y. M. C. A. 

The meeting for last Thursday was put ahead to 
Wednesday, because of the holiday. There was a 
much larger attendance than usual, because of per- 
sonal invitations sent out by the president. The sub- 
ject of the evening was the annual Presidents' Con- 
ference, and the objects and results of this were 
outlined by McCormick, who attended, and a general 
plan for the work of the year laid before the audi- 

This Thursday evening is a missionary meeting, 
and the special effort made by the new missionary 
committee to make this meeting interesting deserves 
an attendance as large as that of last Wednesday. 


Coach Lathrop held the first preliminary trials on 
the track Monday. 

The men who played on second nine Wednesday 
were: c, Day; p.. Palmer; 1st b., D. Gould; 2d 
b., Martin (Capt.) ; ss., Folsom; 3d b., W. Gould: 
1. f., Stewart ; r. f., Purington ; c. f., Houghton ; sub- 
stitutes, Tucker, Gray, Allen. 

The men who went on the Dartmouth trip were: 
c, Blanchard ; p., Oakes; 1st b., Havey; 2d b., 
Shaughnessy ; ss., Bly; 3d b., White; r. f., Greene; 



c. f., Munro ; 1. f.. Coffin ; substitutes, Lewis. Rolfe ; 
manager, Robinson ; coach, Newenham ; scorer, 

Williams, Bowdoin's base-ball coach at the first 
of the season, pitched a star game Thursday of last 
week for the Chicago national league team against 
Pittsburg. Chicago won. 

Colby has adopted the one-year rule agreement 
drawn up at Waterville. 

Fast Day was not a very propitious day for Uni- 
versity of Maine and Colby. The former couldn't 
score on Coburn Classical Institute until the eighth 
inning, and the Lewiston Athletics played the latter 
almost a tie game, 3 to 2. 

Oakes, the 'varsity pitcher, was laid up a few 
days last week by a strain received while practicing. 

Dr. Whittier has been away for the past week 
in the interest of the new grand-stand and training 


A tennis tournament will commence in about two 
weeks. Students wishing to enter will please hand 
their names to Libby, '03. 

President Libby of the tennis association will 
shortly send out invitations to the other three 
Maine colleges to take part in a Maine tennis tour- 
nament. This was a yearly custom until last year. 

There will probably be an interscholastic tennis 
tournament about the first of June. 

Most of the tennis courts have been put into con- 
dition during the last two weeks, and the game is 
now in full swing. The Beta Theta Pi fellows are 
fixing up a court this year, and the Freshmen find 
plenty of hard work in the job as the court has not 
been used for several years. 


The men who are taking daily training on Whit- 
tier field under the direction of Coach Lathrop are: 






















Hill, H. S., 


Hill, G. W„ 



Perkins, J. B., 

Perkins, N. L., 


















The following is Colby's base-ball schedule for 
this season : 

April 19 — Bowdoin at Brunswick. 

April 24 — Lewiston Athletics at Waterville. 

May 2 — New Hampshire College at Durham. 

May 3 — Harvard at Cambridge. 

May s— Tufts at'Medford. 

May 6 — Exeter at Exeter. 

May 10 — University of Maine at Waterville. 

May 17 — Bates at Lewiston. 

May 21 — New Hampshire College at Waterville. 

May 24— U. of M. at Orono. 

May 28 — Bowdoin at Brunswick. 

May 30 — Bates at Lewiston. 

June 4 — Tufts at Waterville. 

June II — Bowdoin at Waterville. 

June 14 — Bates at Waterville. 

Like the other Maine college schedules which we 
have printed in previous issues, the Colby schedule 
is longer than usual and has a larger proportion of 
college games. 


'72. — Attorney-General George M. Seiders of 
Portland has been engaged by John Merrill Post, G. 
A. R., of Richmond, to deliver the address on 
Memorial Day. 

'80. — Mayor McGillicuddy, '81, of Lewiston, has 
appointed as city marshal for the next two years 
Henry A. Wing, who is so well known to Bowdoin 
students for his keen interest in our athletics. Mr. 
Wing served in the same capacity in 1898-99 and met 
with such success that his re-appointment is highly 
approved, and was confirmed by the aldermen with 
almost a unanimous vote. 

'81. — Edgar O. Achorn acted as one of the judges 
in the debate between Wellesley and Vassar. 

M. '80.— Dr. Charles D. Hill of Bethel, died at 
his home, March 7, after being ill for two weeks 
with typhoid fever. Dr. Hill was the son of Cyrus 
K. and Charlotte S. Hill of Limerick, Me., where 
he was born in 1855. He graduated from the Medi- 
cal School in 1S80 and settled in Bethel, where he 
was in active practice for over twenty years. He 
stood high botli as a physician and as a surgeon. 
He was one of the leading physicians of the county 
and was a member of the pension examining board 
having its headquarters at South Paris. Dr. Hill 
never married and both parents are deceased. He 
was a man of quiet tastes, yet of a most genial and 
social nature. He was public-spirited and always 
interested in any project for the common weal. He 
was universally liked. His only brother died in 
Florida about a year ago. Two nephews and a niece 
survive him. 

'94. — Elias Thomas, Jr.. '94, has announced his 
engagement to Miss Elinor Holt of Cambridge, 
Mass., formerly of Portland, Me. 



'96. — The engagement is announced of George 
T. Ordway of Boston, and Miss Eliza Brookhouse 
Perkins of Salem, Mass. 

'96. — Rev. Howard Gilpatric, who has been located 
at Old Orchard for the past year or two, has 
accepted a call to the pastorate of the Congregational 
Church at Hope, North Dakota. 

'96. — We have received the following interesting 
letter from one of our alumni in the Philippines, 
Clarence E. Baker, dated at Bacon, Province 
Sorsugon, Luzon, P. I. : 

It has occurred to me that you might care to 
hear from one of the representatives of our college 
in the Philippines. Soon after arriving at my sta- 
tion here at Bacon, I was appointed Provincial 
Superintendent of the Province of Sorsugon, so I 
have had very little experience as a teacher, but it 
has given me a wider field of observation, since I 
have had the complete organization of the schools 
here in an entirely new field. The authorities at 
Manila knew little or nothing of the Province, con- 
sequently the assignments were of little account, 
one man having been appointed to a town that was 
abandoned fifty years ago. The first thing to do 
was to assign the teachers, temporarily, to the large 
towns and then start on a tour of investigation. 
This was a disagreeable task. It was in the worst 
part of the rainy season, and the only roads are 
mountain trails which run through rice paddies 
and across deep, swift rivers. It took a month of 
this work to make the permanent assignments. It 
should have been the work of a trained diplomat, 
for one has to take into account many jealousies. 
Custom is one of the greatest obstacles, and the 
Spanish language another. I picked up some at 
Manila, studied a little when I first came here and 
then was forced to converse with the Presidentes 
of towns on technical and legal questions. Let me 
say earnestly, that no one should attempt to come 
here who has not some considerable knowledge of 
Spanish. I have become somewhat used to it, but 
at first my lack of ability to express myself was a 
great drawback. 

Real successes out here are rare. I have repre- 
sentatives of three normal schools and four colleges 
in my division, and out of the whole number I would 
say that two are real successes. For the benefit of 
all who contemplate coming over here as teachers, 
let me say that unless they are prepared to live on 
inferior food, do without society of every kind, and 
get on without the use of nerves, then they had 
better stay at home. 

Trusting that this may be of some interest to 
you I remain, with the best wishes for old Bowdoin, 

Clarence E. Baker, '96, 

Dept. Division Supt. 

'97. — At the recent meeting of the Maine Method- 
ist Conference, Rev. E. S. Lamb was assigned to 
the church at West Durham. Rev. H. E. Dunnack, 
also of '97, will remain at his present pastorate in 

M. '99. — Dr. W. E. Jonah, who has been located 
in the Custom House office of Portland for over a 

year, where he has attended to his duties in a most 
satisfactory manner, has resigned from his position 
there and is now taking post-graduate courses in 
New York City preparatory to entering into general 

'99. — Professor Arthur Huntington Nason of 
Augusta, for the past three years at the head of the 
department of English language and literature at 
Kent's Hill, has resigned his position there, to take 
effect at the end of the present school year, and has 
accepted an appointment on the teaching force of the 
William Penn Charter School of Philadelphia. This 
school, which is over two centuries old, is one of 
the most famous in the country, and its wealth and 
high standard give it a leading position among pre- 
paratory schools. Mr. Nason will regret exceed- 
ingly to leave Maine, and his departure will be felt 
at Kent's Hill where he has built up and broadened 
his department and done most excellent work, but 
the inducement of a much larger salary and the priv- 
ilege of being identified with a school of such stand- 
ing where he can devote all his attention to the sub- 
ject he most enjoys, English Composition, were not 
to be resisted. His hosts of friends will extend sin- 
cere congratulations to him upon his advancement 
and will watch his future successes with the deep 
interest and pride they have felt in the many he has 
already achieved. Professor Nason will make the 
fourth Maine man on the Faculty of the famous old 
Philadelphia school. The others are Frederick Lin- 
coln Smith, Bowdoin '86, a native of Waterboro, 
teacher of Greek ; Daniel E. Owen. Bowdoin '89, a 
native of Saco and formerly teacher in Thornton 
Academy, teacher of sciences ; and Dennis E. Bow- 
man, Colby '93, a native of Sidney, and formerly 
principal of the Waterville High School and a law 
student with Heath & Andrews of Augusta, teacher 
of Latin. 


The attempt is made to keep a record of each 
member of the class since graduation. This list, 
however, gives only the p'resent occupation and 
address, dates in parentheses indicating when the 
positions were taken. 

In the case of men not reporting, the best inform- 
ation obtainable has been used (indicated by a). 

Notice of additions and corrections may be sent to 

C. A. Flagg, Secretary, 

Library of Congress, 

Washington, D. C. 

William Fernald Allen. Home add. Loveitt's 
Hill, South Portland, Me. a 

John Wendell Anderson. Studying law in the 
office of Bird and Bradley, 188 Middle Street, Port- 
land, Me. (Mar. '01) Res. 122 Free Street. 

Henry Edwin Andrews. Manager of New York 
office of Leatheroid Mfg. Co., 319 Canal Street (June 
'01). Res. 342 W. 71st Street, New York. 



Harry Lee Bagley. With Manhattan Life Insur- 
ance Co., Eastern dep't (Apr. 'oo). Office, 70 Federal 
Street, Boston, Mass. 

Rupert Henry Baxter. Member of firm of H. C. 
Baxter and Bro. Packers of canned goods, Bruns- 
wick, Me. (Jan. '95). Res. 128 North Street, Bath, 


Alfred Veazie Bliss. Pastor of Cong. Churches 
in Ludlow and Tyson, Vt. (Jan. '98). Res. Lud- 
low, Vt. 

Frank Ellsworth Br 
School, Alfred, Me. a 

Principal of High 

Harry Edgar Bryant. Principal of High School, 
Eastport, Me. (Sept. '01). 

Samuel Preble Buck, Jr. Checking, Hotel Tour- 
aine, Boston, Mass. (Dec. '01). Res. 32 Burgess 
Street, Roxbury, Mass. 

Arthur Chapman. Attorney-at-law (Oct. '00). 
Office, 191 Middle Street, Portland, Me. President 
of Common Council ('02). Res. 226 Capisic Street. 

Trelawney Clarendale Chapman, Jr. Pastor of 
Meth. Epis. Church, Eliot, Me. (Apr. '01). 

William Eugene Currier, M.D. (June '98). 
House officer, Boston City Hospital (Mar. '98). 
Assistant physician, Contagious dep't (Mar. '01). 

Francis William Dana. With Harvey Fisk & 
Sons, Bonds, 10 Post Office Square, Boston, Mass. 
(Feb. '00). Home add. 31 West Street, Portland, 

George Colby DeMott. Pastor of Immanuel 
Cong. Church, West Winfield, N. Y. (Apr. '99). 

Frank George Farrington. Student, Harvard 
Univ. Law School (Sept. '00). Res. 38 Sacramento 
Street, Cambridge, Mass. Home add. Augusta, Me. 

Charles Allcott Flagg. In Catalogue Division, 
Library of Congress (May '00). Res. 107 Fifth 
Street, S. E., Washington, D. C. 

fFred Whitney Flood. Died in East Dennis, 
Mass., Aug. 13, 1900. 

Francis Alvan Frost. Connected with the New 
York Journal (Jan. '02). 

Fred Weston Glover. With the Textile Mill 
Supply Co., Charlotte, N. C. (May '00) ; now Sec- 
retary of the Company. 

Rufus Henry Hinkley. Pres. and Treas. of the 
R. H. Hinkley Co., Publishers, 200 Summer Street, 
Boston, Mass. (Mar. '02). Res. East Milton, Mass. 

Hiram Lionel Horsman, M.D. (June '99). Phy- 
sician, Maine Insane Hospital, Augusta (June '99). 
Second assistant (Jan. '01). 

Frank Herbert Knight, Ph.G. (Nov. '98). With 
H. I. Johnson, Apothecary, 617 Main Street, 
Waltham, Mass. (Feb. '02). Res. 24 Harris Street. 

Charles Milton Leighton, M.D. (June '97). 
Physician, 365 Congress Street, Portland, Me. 

James Atwood Levensaler. Connected with J. 
O. dishing & Co. Manufacturers of lime, Thomas- 
ton, Me. (June '94). Member of Superintending 
School Committee (March '98). 

Frederick Joseph Libby. Student, Theological 
Seminary, Andover, Mass. (Sept. '99). Home add. 
Richmond, Me. 

George Curtis Littlefield, M.D. (June '97). Phy- 
sician and surgeon, Out-patient dep't, Salem Hospital 
(May '99). Office and res. 14J4 Church Street, 
Salem, Mass. 

Albert Jones Lord. Pastor of Cong. Church, 
Hartford, Vt. (July '97). 

Norman McKinnon. Pastor of First Cong. 
Church, Augusta, Me. (June '00). Res. 49 Oak 

George Anthony Merrill. Pastor of Cong. 
Churches, New Sharon and Farmington Falls, Me. 
(July '97). Res. New Sharon, Me. 

Charlie Edward Merritt. Insurance business, 
Auburn, Me. a 

Clarence Edward Michels. Home add. Bruns- 
wick, Me. 

Philip Henry Moore. Student, Jefferson Medical 
College, Philadelphia, Pa. (Aug. '99). a 

Andrew Urquhart Ogilvie. Pastor of First Con- 
gregational Church, Elkhart, Ind. ('99). Res. 501 
Third Street. 

Frederick William Pickard. Secretary, King 
Mercantile Co. and Oriental Powder Mills, Cincin- 
nati, O. (May '01). Res. 2427 S. Ingleside, Walnut 
Hills, Cincinnati, O. 

Ralph Parker Plaisted. Attorney-at-law (Aug. 
'97). Office, Larrabee Block, 3 Main Street, Ban- 
gor, Me. Res. 167 Broadway. 

Howard Andrew Ross. Director of Gymnasium, 
Phillips Exeter Academy (June '95). Add. Box 2, 
Exeter, N. H. 

Robert Lester Sheaff. Pastor of Cong. Church, 
Barton, Vt. (Mar. '97). 

Edgar Myrick Simpson. Attorney-at-law (May 
'97). Office. 10 Broad Street, Bangor, Me. 
Instructor in Law, University of Maine Law 
School (Sept. '01). Res. 5 Broadway, Bangor. 

Samuel Richard Smiley. Pastor of Cong. Church, 
Colebrook, N. H. (Feb. '00). 

fLeon Leslie Spinney. Died in Brunswick, Me., 
May 10, 1898. 

Pliny Fenimore Stevens, M.D. (May '98). Visit- 
ing physician, Bayonne General Hospital and Dis- 
pensary (Nov. '99). Office and res., 922 Avenue D, 
Bayonne, N. J. 

Emery Howe Sykes. Student, Columbia Univ. 
Law School (Oct. '99). Res. 210 West 119th Street, 
New York. N. Y. 

Elias Thomas, Jr. Treasurer of Elias Thomas 
Co. Wholesale groceries and provisions, 114-120 
Commercial Street, Portland, Me. (Aug. '94). Res. 
167 Danforth Street. 

William Widgery Thomas. Attorney-at-law 
(Apr. '98). Office 18414 Middle Street, Portland, 
Me. Res. 178 Danforth Street. 

William Putnam Thompson. Attorney-at-law 
(Feb. '99). Office 30 Court Street, Boston. Res. 
Quincy, Mass. 

Benjamin Bradford Whitcomb. Attorney-at-law 
(Oct. '97). Now employed as Special Deputy Col- 
lector of Customs (Oct. '98). Res. Ellsworth, Me. 

Harry Cooley Wilbur. Studying law in the office 
of Gage and Strout, 52 Exchange Street, Portland, 
Me. (June '00). Res. 895 Forest Avenue, Wood- 
fords, Me. 


Vol. XXXII. 


No. 3. 





Clement F. Robinson, 1903, Editor-in-Chief. 

Farnsworth G. Marshall, 1903, Business Manager. 

William T. Rowe, 1904, Assistant Editor-in-Chief. 
Harold J. Everett, 1904, Assistant Business Manager. 

Associate Editors. 

S. C. W. Simpson, 1903. S. T. Dana, 1904. 

B. S. Viles, 1903. E. H. R. Burroughs, 1905. 

G. C. Purington, Jr., 1904. W. F. Finn, Jr., 1905. 
W. S. Gushing, 1905. 

Per annum, in advance 
Per Copy, 

. $2.00. 
10 Cents. 

Please address business communications to the Business 
Manager, and all other contributions to the Editor-in-Chief. 

Entered at the Post-Oflice at Brunswick as Second-ClasB Mail Matter. 

Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston. 

It will be of great interest to the students 
in the lower classes and to prospective Bow- 
doin students in the fitting schools to learn 
that a portion of the new endowment which is 
now being raised will surely go to the scholar- 
ship fund. Our present scholarships are in all 
but a few cases only forty-five dollars a year, — 
three-fifths of the tuition. Each of these 
scholarships will be increased to seventy-five 
dollars, and new ones will be added, as one of 
the first moves which the college will take as 
its financial resources increase. It costs more 
to go to Bowdoin than to the other colleges of 
the State ; so they assert and so must we admit. 
We congratulate ourselves, however, that cer- 
tain added facilities here are worth an added 
outlay by the student who can afford it. To 
the student who really needs help, however, 

Bowdoin has been helpful in the past, and 
plans to be increasingly helpful in the future. 
President Hyde recently asserted that an 
earnest fellow with a hundred dollars at the 
start could go through Bowdoin with satisfac- 
tion to himself and his associates. The proof 
of that fact is the group of members in each 
class who have carried out, or are now carry- 
ing out, that very experience. Those men we 
will continue to need in the future, and to 
them new opportunities will be offered to help 
themselves and thereby the college of which 
they shall be ,a part. 

The statement in the daily papers that Bow- 
doin hopes to announce the completion of a 
large increase to its endowment fund at com- 
mencement time is on the face of it absurd. 
The largest colleges in the country would 
hardly set out to raise a half-million dollars by 
small subscriptions in two months. But it is 
true that an addition to our endowment is 
asked for, and- is growing from month to 
month. It may take one year and ft may take 
four, but within that time certainly the friends 
of the college hope to see its interest-bearing 
funds become commensurate with its excellent 
buildings and with the work it plans to do. 

Half a dozen times a year for the last year 
or two the Orient has chronicled that "the 
Jury held its monthly meeting, Monday ; noth- 
ing of importance was transacted." Small 
wonder that the repetition of the statement 
causes the smile that comes so easily to the col- 
lege man with his keen sense of the ludicrous, 
and that the "Jury" has grown to be a stand- 
ard joke at college. 

The joke is pardonable, for the jury has 
had a sinecure. Its powers have not had to 



be appealed to in any serious way during all 
this time, although the powers are there, ready 
for use on occasion. Let us all hope that for 
many more months the jury will have no chance 
to bring aught but a smile on the faces of the 
student body which elects it, — that for many 
years further the internal relations of students 
to themselves and the college will run as 
smoothly as they do now. 

Our first game with Bates is indeed a bit- 
ter pill. A base-ball defeat from Bates is no 
novelty, but a defeat at Lewiston and at the 
beginning of the season is a disagreeable expe- 
rience. That the medicine may have an effect 
worthy of the shock it has caused is the earnest 
hope of the college, and that it can have other 
than such an effect ought to be impossible. 
There are nine Maine college games this 
spring; the loss of one out of the nine, or even 
two or three out of the nine, will still leave a 
showing that the other colleges will with diffi- 
culty equal, if we scatter the losses so that we 
win with each college the series of three. The 
college has confidence in the team, and believes 
that the first defeat will stand alone or with 
very few followers when the balance sheet of 
the season is cast up. The college expects a 
victory from Bates at Lewiston, the twenty- 
fourth, a victory on Ivy Day, and at least two 
out of the three with Colby and Maine. Its 
disappointment will be justly keen if the play- 
ers fail to profit by the unpleasant lesson of the 
first Bates game, and do not carry out these 
expectations. Nor are the Maine games all; 
in Massachusetts and New Hampshire four 
games are to be played, and the record made 
at Hanover must not be forgotten ; here, too, 
the college cherishes expectations, which 
should not be unduly dashed, as long as the 
Bowdoin spirit exists among those who repre- 
sent the college on the diamond. 

At this time, only one week before the 
Maine Meet and two weeks before the 

Worcester Meet, with a long schedule of base- 
ball games before us, we are at the crisis of 
our spring athletics. A successful season 
depends largely upon the loyalty of our 
athletes in observing strict training. Bow- 
doin has had costly lessons enough in this 
direction. Let every man see to it that the 
outcome of this season is not followed by 

In some colleges an editorial of this tenor 
would be unnecessary, for college sentiment 
enforces strictly the sentiment which we 
would urge. At Bowdoin, while everyone in 
a general way expects track men and base-ball 
men to train, there is too much laxness about 
the important details which count so much to 
a man's condition. It should never be for- 
gotten that late hours are as bad as drink, and 
dances as demoralizing to a man in training 
as unlimited pie and tobacco. One small dis- 
sipation may seem a triviality, to which it is 
^useless to attempt to trace evil effects ; but the ' 
one may be a precedent for others, and an 
athletic season as unfortunate as some of those 
in our past history may follow. When in 
some degree the athletic reputation of the col- 
lege hangs on the refusal of an invitation 
seemingly in itself innocent, there would seem 
to be no need for hesitation by any true col- 
lege man. 

These principles are perhaps understood, 
but with the carelessness of college men, they 
are sometimes disregarded. It might be well 
to call attention to the obligation that is 
imposed on coaches and managers to admit no 
carelessness when the reputation of the col- 
lege is at stake. It was not many years ago 
when a captain and four players were sus- 
pended for a single infraction of training rules 
at Wesleyan. A similar penalty is, we can 
thankfully say, unnecessary at present here. 
But if carelessness becomes confirmed, there 
is only one alternative left, and for our own 
college honor that alternative would have to 
be taken. The best athlete in the college has 
no more right to his entry as a college repre- 



sentative than the poorest, if he has not 
observed preliminary conditions. 

There was one thing at the Kent's Hill 
Second Nine base-ball game last Saturday 
which it would have been well to have dis- 
pensed with. This was a tendency to "y a §f" 
both teams by a few individuals in the stand. 
This was simply a tendency, yet it was not 
especially gratifying to the members of the 
Second who have been faithfully training all 
the term to help the 'varsity along, and to 
whom the college owes a larger debt than most 
students realize ; it was certainly very disa- 
greeable to the visiting team, which represents 
one of the strongest fitting schools in the 
State, and one which is every year sending 
students here. Even the tendency should be 
abolished ; there has been no "yagging" here at 
Bowdoin for years past ; let there be none in 
the future. It shows weakness and a spirit 
which is unbecoming: the institution. 

It is very gratifying to Coach Lathrop, 
Captain Hunt, and all friends of the college 
track team that so many men are in training 
this spring. And yet the number should be 
increased. There are many fellows in college 
who might materially strengthen the team, 
who have never been out during their college 
course. Mr. Lathrop is an ideal coach, and 
anyone who has any athletic inclinations at all 
should not fail to take advantage of the care- 
ful supervision which he gives the men. 
There are many fellows out now who make no 
pretentions to distinction in this line, but they 
are willing to do what they can for the benefit 
of the college. It is the spirit that counts, 
and the right spirit certainly prevails here this 
spring. Freshmen above all others should be 
out on the track, for they are an unknown 
quantity ; they are to be here four years, and by 
going into training the first year they are 
much more likely to win points later in their 
college course. We chronicle the fact that 
there are more men in training- - for track and 

field work than ever before in the history of 
the college, and we do not for a moment deny 
to these the credit that is their due. But in 
athletics we must ever be avaricious for more 
men, for there is ever the chance that the veri- 
est plugger of them all may develop with 
insistent training into a champion on the track. 

At a recent Faculty meeting it was voted 
that hereafter Senior and Junior courses in 
Latin and Greek should be half-courses. 
This action was taken to accommodate those 
students who desire further work in both the 
classical languages, but can ill afford to give 
up half their term to them. This move is a 
step toward a system such as large universi- 
ties have, but which is impossible yet at Bow- 
doin because of lack of instructors, — a sys- 
tem of parallel courses of different hours per 
week to fill the demands both of those who 
wish to specialize and those who want but an 
outline. With this system goes hand in hand 
the system of reckoning students' work by 
hours instead of by courses. By our present 
system the courses rank equally and a certain 
number of courses are required ; by the other 
system the recitation-hour, reckoned by the 
week, is the unit. The point-system of 
entrance examinations we now have ; the cor- 
responding system in college will surely come, 
when our hope for the much-needed increase 
of endowment is realized. 

Another important action of the Faculty 
has been taken in regard to conditions. The 
method of making up conditions by taking as 
an extra, the same or another elective course 
remains unchanged, but in the case of those 
who wish to make up the course at once, more 
formalities must be gone through with than 
of yore. Written permission to do so with a 
certain specified tutor must be obtained of the 
instructor and the college recorder. Later 
this tutor must certify to the readiness of his 
pupil for examination, on the same blank, and 
state how many hours tutoring has been car- 
ried on. The inference is that if the tutor is 



hasty in his judgment, he may not be 
approved as tutor a second time. 

The stiffening up of the requirements for 
making up conditions are but fair to the rest 
of the college, and the man himself. Under 
the system in use a few years ago it was a 
trivial thing to get a condition, for the mak- 
ing-up was but a farce. The next injustice to 
the general body of students which remains 
to be remedied in the administration of the 
curriculum is the method of making up incom- 
.plete courses. At present it is a matter which 
the individual instructors handle, and the bur- 
den which it entails on some of them to 
arrange for half a dozen make-up examina- 
tions a term is only equalled by the unfairness 
it is to the most of the students to have the 
many whose excuses for an incomplete course 
are slim, receive the same easy chance to*make 
it up as the few who are obliged to be absent 
to teach school. 


The sixty-ninth annual convention of the 
Psi Upsilon Fraternity was held with the Beta 
Chapter at Yale, Wednesday, Thursday, and 
Friday, April 30 and May 1 and 2. Wednes- 
day evening the delegates were entertained a: 
an informal smoker at the chapter house of 
the Beta. Thursday morning and afternoon 
executive sessions of the convention were held 
and in the evening some theatricals were given 
at the chapter house by the members of the 
Beta Chapter. Friday morning there was an 
executive session, immediately after which the 
convention photograph was taken. In the 
afternoon some of the delegates visited the 
chapter at Wesleyan, and in the evening the 
convention banquet was held at the Tontine 
Hotel. The convention was a ,success in 
every way, and all the delegates and visitors 
were warmly received by the members of the 
Beta Chapter. The delegates from the 
Kappa Chapter at Bowdoin were George H. 
Stover, '03 ; Philip G. Clifford, '03 ; and Syd- 
ney B. Larrabee, '03. George E. Fogg, '02, 
was unable to attend on account of his sick- 


May 10 — Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. Exeter at Exeter. 

Second vs. Kent's Hill at Kent's Hill. 
May 12-16 — Maine Intercollegiate Tennis Tourna- 
ment at Brunswick. 
May 12-16 — Bowdoin Individual Tennis Tournament. 
May 16 — Maine Intercollegiate Athletic Meet at 
Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. Massachusetts 
State College at Amherst. 
May 17 — Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. Amherst at Amherst. 

Second vs. Hebron at Brunswick. 
May 19-20 — Tennis Tournament, U. V. M. and 

Bowdoin, at Brunswick. 
May 21 — Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. U. of M. at Bruns- 
Second vs. Bridgton Academy at Bridg- 
May 22 — Bowdoin-Amherst Debate in Memorial 

May 24 — New England Intercollegiate Athletic Meet 
at Worcester. 
Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. Bates at Lewiston. 
May 26-29 — Longwood Tennis Association Tourna- 
ment at Brookline. 
May 28 — Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. Colby at Brunswick. 

Second vs. Bates Second at Lewiston. 
May 30 — Memorial Day, holiday. 
May 31 — Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. U. of M. at Bangor. 
(Exhibition game.) 
Bowdoin Invitation Interscholastic Meet 

at Whittier Field. 
Athletic Meet at Mott Haven. 
June 4 — Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. Brunswick at Bruns- 
Second vs. Westbrook Sem. at Westbrook. 
June 7 — Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. Harvard at Cam- 
Second vs. Farmington High at Farming- 


Cushing, '05, has returned to college. 

Colesworthy, 1900, was on the campus Tuesday. 

Dr. A. C. Gibson, '83, of Bangor, was in Bruns- 
wick over Sunday. 

Cobb, 1900, instructor in Latin at the Bath High 
School, was on the campus Saturday. 

C. W. Tuttle, '86, of California, was on the cam- 
pus Sunday for the first time since 1894. 

Several of the Seniors appeared at chapel Sun- 
day in "cap and gown for the first time. 

Several students attended the game between 
Bates and the University of Maine, Saturday, at the 
Garcelon Field, Lewiston. Bates won, 6-3. 



Professor Dyer was in Boston last week. 

Archibald, '04, sang a solo at chapel, Sunday. 

Fenley, '01, was visiting friends on the campus 
this week. 

Gross, '02, has returned to college, after an ill- 
ness of three weeks. 

John W. Warren, U. of M., '02, was the guest of 
Ridlon, '03, Sunday. 

Pratt, 1900. has returned to the Medical School 
after an enjoyable vacation. 

The History Club met with White. '03, at the 
Alpha Delta Phi House, Tuesday evening. 

The first exercises of the Freshman Class in Elo- 
cution were held in Memorial Hall, Thursday. 

The Jury held their monthly meeting Monday 
evening. Nothing of importance was transacted. 

A number of the students saw E. H. Sothern in 
"If I Were King," at Portland, Saturday evening. 

Kaharl, '99, and Burbank, 1900, who teach 
school at Hanover, witnessed the two Dartmouth 

Owing to the inclemency of the weather the Bow- 
doin second nine was unable to meet Bates second 
Wednesday of last week. 

F. J. Welch, '03, gave a violin solo before the St. 
Cecelia Club at Bath, Monday evening. His accom- 
panist was Leon Walker, '03. 

Two more schools have accepted Bowdoin's 
invitation to enter the Interscholastic Meet, West- 
brook High and Pennell Institute, Gray, Me. 

Webber announces that half of the Senior Class 
are delinquent in having their pictures taken. It 
looks as if 1902 class albums would be incomplete. 

A number of the students witnessed the launch- 
ing of the harbor and coast tug John G. Chandler, 
from the yard of Kelley, Spear & Co., last Monday. 

The foundations for the new college gates have 
been laid, and the superstructure is expected to 
arrive this week, and will be immediately set in 

Several Bowdoin fellows attended the swell little 
dance given by the young ladies of the "Habelig- 
maff" at Odd Fellows Hall, Auburn, Friday evening, 
May 2. 

The Inez Barlowe Company is billed for this 
town for Saturday night next. A crowded hotise 
will no doubt greet this young Brunswick actress and 
her company. 

Outside reading in German 6 was assigned this 
Thursday morning, due the last week of the term. 
The reading consists as before of short modern 
novels and stories. 

At the Freshman Class meeting Friday it was 
voted to award numerals, to be worn on jersey only, 
to those members of the class who made the relay 
team at the Indoor Meet. 

Oakes injured his side again at the Bates game, 
Monday, and has been confined to his home by doc- 
tor's orders since. It is hoped that he will be in 
shape again for the Amherst game. 

Dole. '02, had a chafing dish party in his room at 
North Winthrop, Monday evening, in honor of his 

friend, Lawrence Merchant, of Boston. Mrs. C. E. 
Humphreys of Brunswick was the chaperone. 

Manager Mitchell has again secured the services 
of A. S. Macreadie of the Portland Athletic Club, to 
act as starter at the Bowdoin Interscholastic Meet 
May 31. Mr. Macreadie served as starter last year. 

It is rumored in Washington that Bowdoin is to 
receive a scholarship fund at the next commence- 
ment from one of her alumni who is now an official 
in one of the branches of the national government. 

All Bowdoin men who intend to teach next year 
will be interested by calling at 26 Maine, where they 
will receive information about the Educators' 
Exchange of Portland. Simpson,' '03, is the local 

Three men will probably be sent to the Mott 
Haven Meet this year. The following men have 
been entered : Long distance, Nutter, Pierce ; 
hundred yards and hurdles, Hunt; high jump, Stan- 
wood ; weights, Denning. 

Stover, '03, Clifford, '03, and Larrabee, '03, rep- 
resented the Bowdoin Chapter at the annual conven- 
tion of Psi Upsilon which was held at New Haven 
last week. Dana, '04, Oakes, '04, and Lewis, '05, left 
Thursday to join the delegation. 

In the annual dual meet between the Sophomores 
and Freshmen, held at Orono Saturday, the repre- 
sentatives of 1904 were victorious. The Freshmen 
made a very creditable showing and should 
strengthen U. of M.'s track team very much. 

The Forestry students in Biology 1 are receiving 
some very practical instruction in the classification 
and analysis of plants. This extra course is given 
by Professor Lee in order that those men who intend 
to take up Forestry may gain a better knowledge of 
practical Botany. 

The annual convention of the New England 
Intercollegiate Press Association falls due, by the 
Constitution, on Monday, May 26, at Boston. Fogg. 
Bowdoin, '02, is president, and Dole, Bowdoin, '02, 
is secretary. Both the Orient and Quill will be 
represented at the convention when it occurs, 
although arrangements have not yet been perfected 
because of the illness of Fogg. 

At a meeting of the Freshman Class, held last 
Tuesday, the following officers were elected for the 
class banquet : Opening Address, Leonard A. Pierce ; 
Historian, Wallace C. Philoon ; Orator, John T. 
Piper; Closing Address, Stuart O. Symonds ; Ban- 
quet Committee, George H. Stone, John H. Brett, 
Frank Day ; Committee on Odes, Robert E. Hall, 
Harold R. Nutter, George A. Foster. 

For the first time in years Bates did not noisily 
celebrate a victory won from Bowdoin, Monday. 
That is, Bates had the victory but omitted the cele- 
bration. The reason is to be found, so we hear, in 
a speech Monday morning, by Cutts, Bates, 
'96, the famous Harvard guard. He urged the col- 
lege to save its energy for celebration of the winning 
of decisive games or of championships, and not dis- 
sipate it on celebrations over each individual victory 
won throughout the season. 

Dr. Whittier, while away last week, visited the 
training quarters and grand-stands of Harvard, Yale, 
Princeton, Amherst, Trinity, and Brown, in order 
that the plans for our own new grand-stand and 



training quarters might have the benefit of all the 
latest improvements. Those of Amherst were found 
to be the nearest to what is desired for Bowdoin. 
Architect Vaughan is busy preparing the plans, and 
it is hoped that they will be completed and the work 
of construction begun before commencement. 

Dr. George Emory Fellows, the new president of 
the University of Maine, has announced that a sum- 
mer school will begin at the University June 25 and 
continue for five weeks. The object of the school is 
principally to give an opportunity for high school 
teachers to become more efficient, and for teachers 
in lower grades to fit themselves for high school 
work. It is thought that many teachers from other 
states will take advantage of a Maine summer school 
on account of the desirability of the climate. The 
work will include most of the courses in the college, 
and will be of college grade, so that students at the 
summer school may receive credit for their work in 
getting their degree, should they become matricu- 
lated in the University at the time or later. 

On May 2 and 3 the most important scenes of 
Iphigenia among the Taurians by Euripides were 
enacted at Fay House by members of the Radcliffe 
Classical Club. The part of Orestes was taken by 
Miss Sylvia K. Lee, daughter of Professor Lee. 
The music, which was composed by a Radcliffe 
student, skilfully voiced the varying emotions of 
the chorus. It was pleasant to note that the parts 
were all thoroughly mastered, so that the perform- 
ance moved smoothly forward from beginning to 
end. The costumes were accurate reproductions of 
classic models, the enunciation was sympathetic in 
quality and commendably clear, the acting was 
appropriate and graceful, and in all respects the 
undertaking was a pronounced success. 

Professor Woodruff and Mr. Dyer attended the 

The following books have been added to the 
Library the past week : "Riverside Biographical 
Series," in 12 volumes; "History of Louisiana Pur- 
chase," by J. K. Hosmer; "Peter Abelard," by 
Joseph McCabe ; "Henry V.," by C. L. Kingsfords ; 
"Thomas Wolsey," by E. L. Taunton ; "Life of 
Napoleon I.," in two volumes, by J. H. Rose; 
"Municipal Administration," by J. A. Fairlie ; "Gov- 
ernment of Municipalities," by D. B. Eaton ; "Amer- 
ican Commonwealths," in four volumes ; "Civil War 
and the Constitution," by J. W. Burgess ; "Recon- 
struction of the Constitution," by J. W. Burgess. A 
list of Latin works from Cicero, Vergil, Horace, and 
Juvenal ; "Life and Letters in the Fourth Century," 
by T. R. Glover; "Historical Geography of the Brit- 
ish Colonies," by C. P. Lucas. 

The news of the base-ball victory over Dartmouth 
was received here with great rejoicing Tuesday even- 
ing. The pealing of the chapel bell was the first 
announcement to everyone of the first victory over 
Dartmouth for seven years. Immediately a monster 
bonfire was built in front of the chapel. After the 
flames had died out, the students to the number of 
200, formed in line and marched to the house of 
President Hyde, who in a short speech congratulated 
the boys on the fine work of the team. Then he 
said that with the mail of that afternoon he had 
received promise of a very substantial increase to 
the fund which the college is trying to raise. He 
reserved announcing the exact sum until the com- 
mencement dinner, when he hoped to announce the 

completion of the entire endowment fund. Then the 
students marched through the principal streets of the 
town, stopping at the houses of the various profes- 
sors and calling for speeches. Among those who 
responded were Professor Hutchins, Professor Den- 
nis, Professor Callender, Professor Mitchell, Profes- 
sor Robinson and instructors Roscoe J. Ham, Alger- 
non S. Dyer, and Henry D. Evans. 


Bowdoin 8 ; Dartmouth 7. 

On Tuesday, April 29, Bowdoin won the first 
game against Dartmouth which it has won since 1896. 
The game was a ten-inning one, full of errors on 
both sides and abounding in poor plays, but was, 
nevertheless, full of excitement from start to finish. 
A strong wind was blowing right across the dia- 
mond at the beginning of the game, and doubtless 
this was responsible for many of the errors. 

The final result of the game was foreshadowed 
in the first inning, when Bowdoin at once took the 
lead with two runs to her credit. In her half of the 
inning Dartmouth got one run and followed it up by 
another in the second, tying the score. In the third, 
Bowdoin managed to get four runs and Dartmouth 
also was able to get one. The score then remained 
six to three in Bowdoin's favor until the last of the 
seventh, when Dartmouth by three hits and errors 
by Bly and Shaughnessy netted four runs, thus giv- 
ing her the lead. The Dartmouth grand-stand went 
wild, but prematurely, for the next inning Bowdoin 
tied the score and held Dartmouth in her half and 
also in the ninth, in spite of the fact that Newrich 
led off with a two-bagger. In the tenth Bowdoin 
scored again on a hit by Shaughnessy, a passed ball 
by McGrath, and a wild throw by Captain Abbott, 
and again held Dartmouth. 

For Bowdoin Havey did the best work, both in 
the field and at the bat, while for Dartmouth New- 
rich hit best. 

Dartmouth 7, Bowdoin 4. 

Wednesday morning the rain was coming down 
in torrents and it seemed almost impossible for any 
game to be played that day. About ten o'clock, 
hoVever, the rain stopped and the ground dried up 
enough so that the game could be played that after- 
noon as scheduled, although the field was very 

This second game was much more cleanly played 
than the first, and up to the last of the sixth the 
game was anybody's. Then, suddenly, every- 
thing began to go wrong, and four hits, a deadball, 
an error by White on a swift grounder, and a base 
on balls scored Dartmouth five runs. With the 
exception of this one unfortunate inning Dartmouth 
only got one hit. In fact, Bowdoin fairly out-batted 
them, getting seven hits to their five. 

In the eighth Dartmouth got one more run, and in 
the ninth Bowdoin took a brace and got three runs. 
Greene led off with a hit which Havey followed by 
a long line drive that was good for three bases. 
Blanchard also hit safely and managed to cross the 
plate, making the score look a little better. Dart- 
mouth 7, Bowdoin 4. 



Both Lewis and Newrich, two Freshman pitchers, 
pitched well. 

The summary — First game : 

ab r bh po a e 

White, 3b 4 I 1 4 \ ° 

Shaughnessy, 2b 4 3 i ° 6 2 

Greene, rf 5 2 2 2 o o 

Havey. ib 5 2 2 16 2 o 

Blanchard, c S ° ° 6 ° x 

Coffin, If 5 o o I o o 

Munro, cf 4 ° l l ° ° 

Bly, ss 4 ° ° ° ! 4 

Oakes, p 4 o o o 4 1 

40 8 7 30 14 8 


ab r bh po a e 

Cregg, 3b 4 2 1 o 6 o 

Abbott, 2b 4 ° ° 3 I 4 

Newrich, cf 5 1 2 l 1 ° 

Keady. rf 3 2 o o o o 

O'Connor, lb 5 ° ° l 4 ° 2 

Davis, If 5 2 2 2 o 

Hobbes, ss 5 1 I S I 

McGrath, c 5 o o 9 1 o 

Rollins, p 5 ° ° ° 4 ° 

41 7 6 30 18 7 
Score by Innings. 

123456789 10 

Bowdoin 2 o 4 o o o 1 o 1—8 

Dartmouth 1 1 1000400 0—7 

Stolen bases— Blanchard (2), Cregg, Keady (3), 
Davis. Two-base hits— Havey, Newrich (2). 
Double plays— Oakes, Havey, White; Hobbes, 
O'Connor. Bases on balls— By Oakes 4. by Rollins 
1. Hit by pitched ball— Shaughnessy. Struck out— 
By Oakes 5, by Rollins 8. Passed balls— Blanchard 
(2), McGrath. Time— 2 hours. Umpire— J. Hag- 
gerty. Attendance — 400. 

Second game : 


Cregg, 3b.'. 4 

Abbott. 2b • 2 

Newrich, p 5 

Davis, If 3 

O'Connor, lb 4 

Keady, rf 3 

Hobbes, ss 3 

Corse, c 4 

Rollins, rf 4 

32 7 5 27 14 


ab r bh PO A 

White, 3b 4 o o 1 5 

Shaughnessy, 3b 4 o o 1 5 

Greene, rf 4 l 2 ° I 

Havey, lb 4 1 2 15 

Blanchard, c 4 1 ! ° 1 

Coffin, If 4 o 1 2 

Munro, cf 4 I 2 o 

Bly, ss 3 ° o 3 2 

Lewis, p 4 ° l ° 3 

35 4 7 24 17 

Score by Innings. 


Bowdoin o o o o 1 o o o 3—4 

Dartmouth 00 o 1 o 5 o 1 x — 7 

Stolen bases — Havey, Blanchard, Abbott. Two- 
base hits — Rollins. Three-base hit — Havey. Bases 
on balls — By Lewis 6, by Newrich 1. Hit by pitched 
ball — Hobbes. Struck out — By Newrich 10. Sacri- 
fice — Abbott. Time — 1 hour 35 minutes. Umpire — 
J. Haggerty. Attendance — 425. 

Bates 9, Bowdoin i. 

The exhibition game with Bates, which was post- 
poned from April 26, was played off on Garcelon 
Field last Monday, and Bowdoin was defeated to the 
intense disappointment of the large crowd which 
went up to the game from Bowdoin. Owing to the 
heavy rain which fell in the morning the ground was 
in wretched condition, and no doubt the result of 
the game was due partly to this fact. Bates played 
good ball, however, hitting well, especially at the 
right time, and playing an errorless game. Bow- 
doin's hits, on the other hand, were scattered, and the 
errors were very costly. 

Bates started its run-getting in the second inning 
when, on two hits, three bases on balls and a couple 
of errors it got two runs. In the fifth it got two earned 
runs, and in the seventh four more which were not 
earned. Bowdoin scored its only run in the fifth 
when Bly got a hit. reached second on a sacrifice by 
Oakes, and came in on a hit by White. After this 
Bowdoin could not seem to fathom Towne's pitching 
and was able to get only three scattering hits. 

The summary : 


ab r bh po a e 

Dean, lb 5 o o 14 o 

Clason, ss 4 ° ° 2 4 o 

Allen, 2b 5 2 2 1 2 o 

Stone, c 5 3 3 7 o o 

Bucknam. If 4 1 2 o o o 

Moody, cf 5 I 2 1 o o 

Maerz, rf 1 2 o o 

Parsons, 3b 3 ° 1 2 3 

Towne, p 4 ° ° ° 6 o 

36 9 10 27 15 o 


ab r bh p0 a e 

White. 3b 3 o 1 o 

Shaughnessy, 2b 4 o 1 1 4 I 

Greene, rf 3 o o 2 o o 

Havey, lb 4 o 1 12 o 1 

Coffin. If 4 ° ° ° ° ° 

Blanchard, c 2 1 9 3 2 

Munro, cf 4 ° ° ° ° ' 

Blv. ss 4 1 2 o 3 o 

Oakes, p 1 o o 3 

Lewis, p 2 o o o 1 ^1 

31 1 6 24 14 6 

Score by Innings. 


Bates 3 2 4 x— 9 

Bowdoin o o o 1 o o o o— 1 

Stolen bases— Blanchard, Maerz. Two-base hits 

Havey, Allen, Bucknam. Double play — Towne, 

Parsons, Dean. Bases on balls— By Oakes 4, by 



Lewis 2, by Towne 3. Hit by pitched ball — Blanch- 
ard. Struck out — By Oakes 6, by Lewis 2, by Towne 
6. Passed balls — Blanchard, Stone. Sacrifice — 
Oakes. Time— 2 hours. Umpire— J. E. Carrigan. 
Attendance — 600. 

Bowdoin Second 13, Kent's Hill 12. 

About one hundred and fifty people witnessed a 
very loosely played game between Bowdoin Second 
and Kent's Hill Saturday afternoon on Whittier 
Field. The game was barely won by Bowdoin 
Second. At the end of the sixth inning the score 
stood Kent's Hill II, Bowdoin Second 8. In the first 
half of the seventh Kent's Hill added a score, mak- 
ing a total of twelve. In the last half Day reached 
first on errors. Houghton got his base on balls, and 
Rolfe reached first on an error on which Day scored. 
Martin and W. Gould were given their bases on balls, 
forcing Houghton home, then Allen got a pretty hit 
to center field, which brought in three men on bases 
and won the game. 

Havey, Greene, and Young played the best game 
for Kent's Hill in the field and Curtis at the bat; 
Allen, Day, and W. Gould were the best for Bow- 

The summary : 

Bowdoin Second. 

ab BH PO A E 

Martin (Capt), 2b 3 o 1 1 

Tucker, lb 3 I 4 1 

D. Gould, ib 2 o 2 o 1 

W. Gould, 3b 3 1 1 o 

Allen, rf 2 I 1 o 

Folsom, ss 4 o 2 2 3 

Palmer, p 3 o I 3 

Purington. If 2 o o 1 2 

Philoon, If 2 o I o 

Day, c 4 1 7 o 

Houghton, cf .2 0201 

Rolfe, p 2 o o o 

Totals 31 4 22 6 9 

Kent's Hill. 

ab bh po a e 

Campbell, ss 4 ° ° 3 3 

Gilman, c 3 o 8 1 2 

Havey (Capt.), p 4 0031 

Curtis, rf 4 3 ° ° ° 

Cooper, 3b 5 1 ° ° 2 

Smith, If 5 o ° ° ° 

Greene, lb I o 11 o I 

Young, cf 4 1 1 ° 1 

Manter, 3b 5 2 o 1 1 

Totals 35 7 20* 8 11 

♦Winning run made with two men out. 

Score by Innings. 


Bowdoin Second 3 2 1 2 5—13 

Kent's Hill 2 1 1 5 2 o 1— 12 

Umpire — Dana, '03. Time — 2h. 15m. 

Captain Hunt says that every man who comes out 
and trains will be taken on the team to represent 
Bowdoin in the Maine Intercollegiate Meet at Lew- 

Bodge, '97, who was 'varsity pitcher during his 
college course, attended the Kent's Hill-Bowdoin 
Second game, Saturday, on Whittier Field. After 
the game he got in some good work coaching the 
'varsity practice. 

The University of Maine followed Bowdoin's 
example in rejecting the one-year rule. 

The Brunswick High School boys held their 
annual inter-class track and field meet on Whittier 
Field last Friday afternoon. The records were none 
of them marvelous, but the meet was closely con- 

A number of the track men reported for duty 
Monday morning in order to attend the Bowdoin- 
Bates game in the afternoon. 


The annual college tennis tournament will begin 
in a few days. Entries were closed on Wednesday, 
the seventh. 

President Libby of the tennis association sent an 
invitation to Dartmouth to meet Bowdoin in tennis 
this spring. Dartmouth in reply regretted that it 
would be unable to accept this year, but would be 
glad to consider the matter next year. 

He has also sent invitations to the following 
schools to participate in the Interscholastic Tennis 
Meet June fifth, sixth, and seventh : Bangor High, 
Portland Hgh, Bath High, Brunswick High, Cony 
High. Edward Little High, Lewiston High, Deering 
High. Westbrook High, Thornton Academy, Bridg- 
ton Academy, Hebron Academy, Kent's Hill Semi- 
nary, Westbrook Seminary and Coburn Classical 

President Libby of the Tennis Association 
received word Tuesday morning that University of 
Vermont would accept Bowdoin's invitation to a dual 
tennis tournament. Vermont will send four men, 
who will play a round robin series with Bowdoin's 
four representatives at Brunswick, May 19 and 20. 
This is a return tournament for the one held at Bur- 
lington a few years ago where the final result was a 


Dr. Z. B. Adams of South Framingham, one of 
the oldest and best known practicing physicians in 
that, section of the state, died May I, 1902, as the 
result of injuries received by a fall in some unac- 
countable manner from the Metropolitan Water 
Board Dam at Southboro. His death occurred an 
hour after the accident. Dr. Adams was medical 
examiner for the district and had practiced since 
1868. He was a Civil War veteran, and took part 
in several of the most important battles. He went to 
the front as surgeon of the Thirty-Second Massa- 
chusetts, and was later promoted to captain of Com- 
pany F, Fifty-Sixth Massachusetts. He was 
wounded several times, and was for three months a 
prisoner at Libby Prison. Dr. Adams was commis- 
sioned Major by Governor Andrew. He was a 
graduate of the Harvard Medical School. His age 
was 72, and he is survived by a widow and son and 


Vol. XXXII. 


No. 4. 





Clement F. Robinson, 1903, Editor-in-Chief. 

Farnsworth G. Marshall, 1903, Business Manager. 

William T. Rowe, 1904, Assistant Editor-in-Chief. 
Harold J. Eyerett, 1904, Assistant Business Manager. 

Associate Editors. 

S. C. W. Simpson, 1903. S. T. Dana, 1904. 

B. S. Viles, 1903. E. H. R. Burroughs, 1905. 

G. C. Purington, Jr., 1904. W. F. Finn, Jr., 1905. 
W. S. Cushing, 1905. 

Per annum. 
Per Copy, 

10 Cents. 

Please address business communications to the Business 
Manager, and all other contributions to the Editor-in-Chief. 

Entered at the Post-OHce at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 

Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston. 

The glory of the Bowdoin campus is the 
level green turf which stretches in even grade 
from Memorial Hall to the new Library 
Building. From May until November it 
would be hard to find a more attractive college 
campus. No small credit is due the students 
for the share they have come to take in the 
care of this sward. No signs announce 
"Keep off the grass," but still the grass is left 
neat and unhurt except in a few well-trodden 
paths. It is a great satisfaction to students 
and instructors alike to know that no restric- 
tion prevents one from casually trespassing on 
the grass. A word of caution, however, may 
not be out of place. It is much better to use 
a walk where one lies but a few steps from 
the shortest line to the point arrived at, rather 
than by persistent crossing of the grass to 

form a new path which must later be taken 
over by the college. The college has been 
exceedingly liberal in making walks, so 
that now the task of trimming them before 
commencement, or of ploughing out the snow 
in winter, is a formidable one. The college 
authorities justly think that there is little need 
for any new cuts into the campus lawn. The 
few short-cut paths which are essential will 
eventually be made into walks, but after that 
there will be serious restrictions put on the 
formation of any new paths. Such a con- 
servative compromise between a lawn and a 
pasture ought to suit every one and every one 
ought to take his share in keeping it in condi- 

On Monday the Faculty followed up its 
recent regulations in regard to conditions with 
a radical innovation in respect to incomplete 
courses. Such an action was not unexpected. 
Hereafter the granting of an "incomplete" 
will rest no more with the individual 
instructor than does the matter of attendance 
rank, but each student who wishes such a 
privilege must defer his petition for action to 
the whole Faculty. It is safe to say that the 
book-keeping of the college in the future will 
|not be complicated with so many unfinished 
courses each term, and both students and 
instructors will be benefited by the salutary 
regulation to make the latter come to time. 

A committee of the Advisory Athletic 
Board has been investigating our athletic con- 
stitutions ever since the discussion in the 
Orient a few months ago showed the unsys- 
tematic condition of our present athletic reg- 
ulations. This committee has prepared a con- 
stitution which meets the approval of the 



Advisory Board. This constitution will be 
printed in the next issue of the Orient, and 
it is hoped will receive careful attention and 
discussion among the fellows and through 
communications to the Orient. If it seems to 
meet general approval it will be submitted to 
the students in mass-meeting some time before 
the end of this college year. 

The Amherst trip this week ends the first 
half of the base-ball schedule. With the excep- 
tion of the Harvard trip at the end of the 
season, the rest of the schedule is made up of 
the games with our Maine neighbors, which, 
after all, will be the criterion by which the 
team will be judged when the results of the 
season are reviewed. The first half of the 
season has brought a few victories and much 
experience. The college expects the team to 
profit by this experience, and by the shake-up 
that has taken place in the positions with the 
return to the game of two of our best players. 
The chance is still open to come out first 
among the college teams of Maine, but it must 
be seized at once if it is to be grasped at all. 

The college should go to Lewiston in a 
body, Friday. The track men have worked 
hard, and trained earnestly, and it is but just 
to give them the encouragement they have 
earned. No mere feeling that Bowdoin is 
sure in any case to win the meet should keep 
students from going with the team to cheer it 
on. We do expect to win, but the mere win- 
ding is but a part of the object of the meet. 
We must win by a large enough margin to 
show that the loss of two or three of our best 
men by graduation has not crippled us. We 
must win by one of the old familiar scores to 
give the team an encouraging send-off for 
Worcester and Mott Haven. The college 
must hold the fastest and strongest men to 
the winning of the first places that are 
expected of them, and it must stir the other 

men who represent Bowdoin to pull in the 
second and third places this year, preparatory 
to winning first places at some later date. And 
all this it can only do by going up in a body, 
and lending its own personal encouragement 
to the maintenance of the Bowdoin standard 
on the track. 


The thirteenth annual reception of the 
Kappa Chapter of Psi Upsilon Fraternity was 
held Friday, May 9. In the afternoon there 
was an informal tea in South Maine in the 
rooms of Sydney B. Larrabee, '03, and Frank- 
lin Lawrence, '03, chaperoned by Mrs. Seth 
L. Larrabee of Portland, and Mrs. A. L-. P. 
Dennis and Mrs. E. D. Johnson of Brunswick. 

In the evening the reception and dance 
took place in Memorial Flail. A reception and 
a concert by Wilson's Orchestra was held from 
half-past eight to nine, after which danc- 
ing was enjoyed until two o'clock. The 
patronesses were as usual the ladies of the 
Faculty. Among the alumni of the chapter 
present were Professor George T. Files, Fred- 
erick C. Drake, and Harold L. Berry. 

The other fraternities were represented by 
the following undergraduates : Stanwood, '02, 
from Alpha Delta Phi ; Cobb, '02, from Delta 
Kappa Epsilon ; Haley, '02, from Zeta Psi ; 
McCann, '02, from Theta Delta Chi ; Hayden, 
'02, from Delta Upsilon ; Dole, '02, from 
Kappa Sigma ; and Plarlow, '03, from Beta 
Tli eta Pi. 


Asked the maiden — open eyed — 
''For me what will my eyes provide? 
Love comes from the youth so fair, 
Riches, from the millionaire, 
Lnck springs from the gambling 'bear,' 
Title, from the Duke. But there! 
I'll choose the first from Heaven sent, 
And pass the rest in sweet content." 




May 12- 16 — Maine Intercollegiate Tennis Tourna- 
ment at Brunswick. 
May 12-16 — Bowdoin Individual Tennis Tournament. 
May 16 — Maine Intercollegiate Athletic Meet at 
Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. Massachusetts 
State College at Amherst. 
May 17 — Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. Amherst at Amherst. 

Second vs. Hebron at Brunswick. 
May 19-20 — Tennis Tournament, U. V. M. and 

Bowdoin, at Brunswick. 
May 21 — Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. U. of M. at Bruns- 
Second vs. Bridgton Academy at Bridg- 
May 22 — Bowdoin-Amherst Debate in Memorial 

May 24 — New England Intercollegiate Athletic Meet 
at Worcester. 
Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. Bates at Lewiston. 
May 26-29 — Longwood Tennis Association Tourna- 
ment at Brookline. 
May 28 — Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. Colby at Brunswick. 

Second vs. Bates Seconds at Lewiston. 
May 30 — Memorial Day, holiday. 
May 31 — Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. U. of M. at Bangor. 
(Exhibition game.) 
Bowdoin Invitation Interscholastic Meet 

at Whittier Field. 
Athletic Meet at Mott Haven. 
June 2 — Jury Meeting. 

June 4 — Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. Brunswick at Bruns- 
Second vs. Westbrook Sem. at Westbrook. 
June 7 — Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. Harvard at Cam- 
Second vs. Farmington High at Farming- 

One of Reed's Retorts. 

"No matter what you may say," declared Rep- 
resentative Babcock of Wisconsin, to Chairman 
Payne of the ways and means committee, accord- 
ing to ''Leslie's Weekly," when they were discussing 
the Babcock proposition to put all steel products on 
the free list, "I am right, and I know it, and when a 
man is right he is in the majority." 

"Just so," replied Payne, "but you remember 
that 'Tom' Reed used to say, 'God and one make a 
majority, but many a martyr has been burned at the 
stake while the votes were being counted." 


Haggett, '05, is on the sick list. 

Berry, '01, was on the campus Friday. 

There was a quiz in History 6 Wednesday. 

Hill, '05, has left college for the rest of the term. 

Cornell has this year 460 candidates for degrees. 

Moore, '03, preached in the Baptist Church, 
Sunday evening. 

The American student while at Oxford will have 
to guard against dropping his h's. 

The second team returned Saturday from Kent's 
Hill, having enjoyed their trip very much. 

Rossiter Scudder, '04, was recently elected cap- 
tain of the Brown Foot-Ball Team for the coming 

Sol Smith Russell, the well-known actor, who 
died at Washington last Monday, was a native of 

Progress is rapidly being made on the electric 
road to Portland, which will no doubt be running 
by the first of July. 

A number of the students will attend the annual 
reception of the ^Portland High School alumni May 
17, in Assembly Hall in that city. 

Colby has changed some of its commencement 
dates so that the road may be clear for the celebra- 
tion of Waterville's centennial anniversary. 

A large number of trees are being set out on 
the common on Upper Maine Street to complete the 
double rows which add so much to the beauty of 
the street. 

The news of the sad death of Paul Leicester 
Ford, the author of "Janice Meredith" and "The 
Honorable Peter Stirling," was received here with 
much regret by all lovers of good literature. 

It looks as if the Sophomores and Juniors would 
be rushed with themes at the end of the term. A 
month has gone by and no announcement of the 
second theme-subjects of the term has appeared. 

A letter from Albro E. Burnell, a Bowdoin grad- 
uate in 1900, now teaching in the Philippines, was 
printed in last Saturday's Bangor Commercial, and 
was read with much interest by his many friends in 

On Saturday evening. May 17, there will be a 
reception, entertainment, and dance at the Assem- 
bly Hall, Portland High School. This will be given 
by the Alumni Association, and it is hoped that old 
graduates will lend their support. 



Pottle, '02, and Robinson, '03, attended the 
annual "Junior Prom." at Smith College, Wednes- 

Don Snow, 'pi, one of Bowdoin's strong athletes 
in the past, has been engaged to coach the Brewer 
High School track team. 

Kane, Amherst's star pitcher, has been disquali- 
fied for alleged professionalism. Amherst has signi- 
fied her intention of withdrawing from the tri- 
angular league. Kane is from Gardiner, Me. 

Williams, '96, who coached the 'varsity base-ball 
team the first of the season, pitched for Chicago 
last Thursday against New York. In four times at 
bat, he got three two-baggers. Chicago won the 
game, 10 to 6. 

Elbert B. Holmes, 1900, has tendered his resigna- 
tion to the school committee, as instructor in the 
Brunswick High School, to take effect at the close 
of this term. He will enter the General Theologi- 
cal Seminary of New York. 

Professor Robinson was in Portland the first of 
the week to give evidence in the Brunswick poison- 
ing case. "The hot-dog man," well known by the 
students, was one of the partakers of the drugged 
whiskey which caused the trouble. 

A scholarship will probably be given in the course 
of the next few years to some student who will act 
as assistant to the registrar in addressing reports 
and the rest of the great mass of work which the 
book-keeping for a college of two hundred and fifty 

The intercollegiate strength test recently ended 
has been won by Harvard with a total of 77,596.1 
points. Columbia was second with a total of 
72,648.7 points ; University of Minnesota third with 
a total of 66,813.2 points, and Amherst fourth with 
a total of 55,307.1 points. 

Several students attended the clay-pigeon shoot 
at the Brunswick Gun Club's range near Merry- 
meeting Park on Saturday. The heavy wind was 
unfavorable to good work, but a large number of 
participants gave interest to the shoot. Whitmore, 
'03, was one of the Brunswick team. 

Dr. Edward Everett Hale in an address to the 
University of Chicago students in chapel, gave them 
"three practical working rules," thus: "Keep out in 
the open air as much as possible. Have faith in 
your neighbor. Make a practice of engaging in con- 
versation each day with some one whom you know 
to be your superior." 

Dudley S. Dean, in outlining Harvard's base-ball 
material, says : "College nines of late years have 

copied the talking craze from professionals. The 
mania in its worst stages amounts to the poultry- 
like cackling of the Colby crowd or a mild form of 
encouragement such as Harvard has imbibed." 

Beloved Dean Briggs of Harvard College has 
been promoted to a higher position on the Faculty, 
and the congratulations for Mr. Briggs are mingled 
on the part of every Harvard man with a great 
deal of sorrow on their own account. 

By the terms of the will of Mrs. John P. Hale of 
Dover, N. H., who recently died in Washington, D. 
C, a scholarship will be established at Bowdoin Col- 
lege. The scholarship is for $2,000, and the only 
condition attached is that it will not become availa- 
ble until after the death of her daughter, Mrs. Wil- 
liam E. Chandler of Dover. 

The Library Building has been progressing rap- 
idly during the last few weeks. There is a crew of 
seventy-five men now at work. The walls are well 
up to the eaves, and at the western end several iron 
rafters have already gone into place. The expecta- 
tion now is that the building will be handed over by 
the contractors on November first. 

Dartmouth, Brown, and Technology held a tri- 
collegiate meet Saturday, at Boston. Dartmouth 
won first, being strong in the sprints and distance 
runs, Technology second, being strong in the 
weights and pole vault, and Brown third. Edwards, 
Bowdoin, 1900, represented Technology in the 
220-yard hurdles, and won third place. 

The Harvard commencement period will probably 
be greatly shortened in the future, and instead of 
having a long-drawn-out season for class day and 
commencement, everything will be confined to a 
week. In the past, ten days have elapsed between 
the baccalaureate sermon and commencement, which 
itself is preceded nearly a week by class day. 

Considerable talk is being made among the many 
Bowdoin graduates in Lewiston and Auburn of 
forming a Lewiston and Auburn Bowdoin Alumni 
Association. Among the prominent Lewiston and 
Auburn men interested are Dr. W. K Oakes, Col. 
F. M. Drew, Mayor McGillicuddy, Arthur G. 
Staples, John A. Morrill, Esq., City Marshal Wing, 
George C. Webber, Esq., and Frank L. Dingley. 

The Faculty granted the request of the manager 
for adjourns on, Friday afternoon on account of the 
Intercollegiate Meet at Lewiston, but did so under 
protest and explicitly stated that this will not con- 
stitute a precedent. The selection of the date was 
the unfortunate outcome of a misunderstanding 
among the colleges as to the constitutional date. 
Base-ball games had already been scheduled for that 



date at some of the other colleges, before the date 
for the meet had been discussed. 

Professor Callender addressed the students at 
chapel Sunday afternoon on "Municipal Reform." 
He had just returned from Boston, where he had 
been attending the annual convention of the Massa- 
chusetts Municipal Reform League. In the course 
of his address, Professor Callender said that two 
points impressed him very much : First, the enor- 
mous corruption in our municipal cities ; and 
second, the decided decrease in corruption during 
the last decade. As a fitting close, he reminded the 
students that politics should be such that an honest 
man can gain as much fame in it as in any other 

Y. M. C. A. 

The following is a list of the officers and com- 
mittees for this association year : President, D. E. 
McCormick, '03 ; Vice-President, C. F. Robinson, 
'03; Treasurer, S. C. W. Simpson, '03; Cor. Sec, 
C. C. Shaw, '03; Rec. Sec, P. K. Greene, '05. 

New Student Committee — D. E. McCormick, '03, 
chairman; Robinson, '03; Harlow, '03; Simpson, '03; 
Shaw, '03 ; Brigham, '04 ; Burpee, '04 ; Emerson, '04 ; 
Greene, '05. 

Religious Meetings — C. F. Robinson, '03, chair- 
man ; Emerson, '04 ; Shaw, '03 ; W. C. Towne, '03 ; 
Priest, '05. 

Missionary — George W. Burpee, '04, chairman ; 
Brigham, '04; Greene, '05. 

Bible Study — J. A. Harlow, '03, chairman ; com- 
mittee to be announced later. 

Finance — S. C. W. Simpson, '03, chairman ; Hall, 
'05 ; Greene, '05. 

Social — C. B. Emerson, '04, chairman ; Clarke, 
'04; Gould, '03; Farley, '03; Lowell, '04. 

Hand-Book — E. L. Brigham, '04, chairman ; Rob- 
inson, '03 ; Spollett, '03. 

M. '84, '90. — About the middle of next month, 
Dr. H. J. Frederick, M. '84, and Dr. O. W. Tur- 
ner, 'go, both of Augusta, will sail for Vienna, 
where they will devote several months to post-grad- 
uate study, Dr. Frederick taking up surgery, and 
Dr. Turner, diseases of the eye, ear, nose and 
throat. After the completion of their courses, they 
will visit the hospitals of Berlin, Paris, London 
and Edinburgh. 


U. OF M. 7, Bowdoin I. 

The team arrived in Bangor Wednesday noon, 
May 7, in a pouring rain which made base-ball 
impossible for that day. After considerable tele- 
phoning and telegraphing, however, it was arranged 
to have the game played off the next day. Thurs- 
day dawned bright and clear, and by afternoon the 
grounds were in fine condition. 

The game opened well for Bowdoin, and in the 
very first inning Shaughnessy scored on a costly 
error by Captain Carr, who first hopped a grounder 
and then threw wild to first. This good beginning, 
however, was the only pleasant thing about the 
game to Bowdoin sympathizers, for during the other 
eight innings not another run was scored and, in 
fact, only three men succeded in reaching first. 
The team was unable to hit Mitchell safely, White 
and Greene being the only ones to do so, and made 
its usual five errors, allowing Maine to get seven 
runs on only four hits, all of them singles. 

The Maine team, on the other hand, fielded 
well, Carr's error in the first being the only one 
made, and was able to hit at critical times. They 
scored their first three runs in the second inning on 
a base on balls, errors by Shaughnessy and Lewis, 
and a hit by Collins. Bowdoin lost its chance to 
tie the score and possibly to get a lead in the sixth, 
when with men on second and third Havey struck 
out. In their half of the inning U. of M. scored 
two runs and in the eighth two more, none of them 

A difficult one-handed stop by Bly in the third 
inning deserves special mention, as does also the 
work of Umpire McCann, who discharged his duties 
in a manner highly satisfactory to both sides. 

The summary : 

University of Maine. 

ab r bh po a e 

Holmes, cf 4 o o o o 

Thatcher, ss 4 o o 2 o 

Carr, 2b 3 1 o 1 1 1 

Davis, 3b 3 3 1 3 2 

Mitchell, p 3 2 1 o 5 o 

Larrabee, If 3 I o 1 o o 

Violette, c 4 o o 9 1 o 

Collins, lb 4 o 2 11 o o 

Towse, rf 3 o o 2 o 

31 7 4 27 11 1 


ab r bh po a e 

White, 3b 3 o 1 o 1 1 

Shaughnessy, 2b 4 1 o o 2 1 

Greene, rf 4 o 1 o o o 



Havey, lb 4 ° ° 8 o o 

Coffin, If 3 o o o o o 

Blanchard, c 3 ° ° 9 ° ° 

Munro, cf 3 ° ° 5 ° . o 

Bly, ss 3 o o I 3 o 

Lewis, p 3 o o o o 3 

30 I 2 23* 6 5 
*Holmes out, hit by batted ball. 
Score by Innings. 


U. of M 3 o o o 2 o 2 x— 7 

Bowdoin 1 o o 0— 1 

Stolen bases— Collins. Two-base hits— White, 
Greene. Bases on balls— By Lewis -3, by Mitchell I. 
Struck out— By Lewis 8, by Mitchell 9. Passed 
ball— Blanchard. Time— 1 hour 30 minutes. 
Attendance — 400. Umpire — T. McCann. 

Exeter 3, Bowdoin 2. 

In a slow, loosely-played, and, to a non-partisan 
spectator, probably uninteresting game, Exeter 
Academy defeated Bowdoin by the narrow margin 
of one run on May 10. The cool, autumn-like 
weather and the strong wind which blew during the 
whole game were not suited to gilt-edge ball-play- 
ing, but they are not sufficient excuse for the half- 
awake way in which the team played. As usual the 
principal difficulty seemed to be in hitting at critical 
points. Exeter made eight errors, presented Bow- 
doin with five bases on balls, and Bowdoin got six 
hits, and yet was able to score just twice! There 
was not much trouble in getting men on bases, but 
when they once got there they stayed, and during 
the game thirteen Bowdoin men were left on bases. 

Bowdoin started the run-getting in the third. 
Shaughnessy went out on a grounder to short-stop, 
who fumbled the next ball, and Greene reached 
first on the error. Then Havey got his base on 
balls and Munro brought both of them in on a long 
drive to left which was good for three bases. The 
next two men, however, struck out and he remained 
on third. In their half of the inning Exeter also 
managed to score twice without making a hit. 

In the seventh it looked as if Bowdoin was going 
to score again. Greene got a hit and stole second, 
and then Havey knocked a long drive to center field 
which looked good for at least two bases. The 
wind held it back, however, and Peters made a 
beautiful running catch. In the seventh with two 
men out Captain Cooney and Jackson knocked a 
couple of two-baggers and Exeter scored again, the 
winning run. In the ninth Bowdoin got men on 
second and third, but was unable to score. 

This w,as the first game Coffin has pitched this 
year, and he did well, allowing only four hits. 

The summary : 


ab r bh po a e 

McGraw, 2b 3 1 1 4 2 o 

Peters, cf 3 I o 2 o 

Cooney, c 4 1 I 9 2 o 

Jackson, lb 4 o 1 9 I I 

Heim, p 3 o o o 3 2 

Spencer, ss 2 o o 1 1 2 

Leigh, ss : 2 o o 1 

Merrow, If 4 o o 2 o 

Elliot, 3b 2 o 2 1 

Lemis, 3b 2 o 1 2 2 

Clapp, rf 3 o o o o 

32 3 4 27 14 8 


ab r bh po a e 

White, 3b 5 o 2 3 1 

Shaughnessy, 2b 4 o o 3 2 

Greene, c 5 1 3 7 2 o 

Havey, lb 4 1 o 13 o 1 

Munro, cf 502000 

Coffin, p 2 o o o 2 

Blanchard, rf 4 1 o' o o 

Kelley, If 3 o o 1 o 

Lewis, ss 4 o o 1 1 1 

36 2 6 24 11 5 

Score by Innings. 


Exeter o o 2 o o o 1 o x — 3 

Bowdoin o o 2 o o o o o — 2 

Stolen bases — Greene (2), Havey, Munro, 
McGraw, Peters, Heim (2), Elliot. Two-base 
hits — Cooney. Jackson. Three-base hit — Munro. 
Bases on balls — By Coffin 2, by Heim 5. Struck 
out — By Coffin 7, by Heim 9. Passed ball — 
Greene. Sacrifice hits — Kelley, Heim. Time — I 
hour 55 minutes. Attendance — 300. Umpire — 

Entries for Maine State Meet. 

100-yard dasih — Everett, Rowe, Furbish, Hill, 
Eastman, Archibald, Hunt, Soule, Nutter, Hender- 
son, Finn. 

220-yard dash — Everett, Furbish, Eastman, Hunt, 
Archibald, Soule, Hall, Gray, Kimball, Finn, Hill, 

440 yards — Gray, Nutter, Thompson, Hall, 
Everett, Archibald, Eastman, J. Perkins, Kimball, 

880 yards — Nutter, Thompson, Pierce, Sawyer. 

120 yards hurdles — Hunt, Dunlap, Webb, Clark. 

220 yards hurdles — Hunt, Rowe, J. Perkins, 

1 mile — Pierce, Spollett, Sawyer, Norton, N. L. 
Perkins, Bisbee, Sinkinson, McCobb, Shorey, 
Thompson, Burpee. 



2 miles— N. L. Perkins, Bisbee, McCobb, Shorey, 
Sinkinson, Pierce, Sawyer. 

High jump — B. P. Hamilton, J. O. Hamilton, 
Haves, Stanwood, Clark, Dunlap. 

Discus — Small, Denning, Davis, Dunlap. 

Broad jump— Hunt, B. P. Hamilton, J. O. Ham- 
ilton, Hayes, Stanwood, Bradstreet. Dunlap. 

Pole vault — Hill, Allen, Lowell, Fuller. 

Shot— Small, Denning, Herms, B. P. Hamilton. 

Hammer — Small, Denning, Dunlap, Davis, 


The following rounds were run off last week in 
the tennis tournament : 

Bradford defeated Foster, 3-6, 6-4, 6-3. 

Brett defeated Bradbury, 9-7, 6-8, 6-2. 

Marshall defeated Much, 6-0, 6-0. 

Hayden defeated Cunningham, 6-4, 6-1. 

Libby and Paine defeated Davis and Donnell, 
6-2, 6-2. 

The annual tournament of the Bowdoin College 
Tennis Association to determine the college cham- 
pions in singles and doubles, began Monday after- 
noon, when the first round in singles was played. 
The playing was of a high standard and an enthusi- 
astic crowd of students was present. The score of 
the first round was as follows : 

S. Dana beat S. Williams, 7-5, 6-3. 
Bradford beat Foster, 3-6, 6-4, 6-3. 
Emery beat H. Lewis by default. 
Abbott beat Stockman, 6-0, 7-5. 
Libby beat Shore}', 6-1, 6-0. 
Brett beat Bradbury, 9-7, 6-8, 6-2. 
W. Gould beat Davis, 6-3, 7-5. 
S. Martin beat Lunt by default. 
L. Walker beat L. Gray, 6-1, 6-0. 
Marshall beat Much, 6-0, 6-0. 
Pratt beat T. Chase, 6-4, 7-5. 
Hayden beat Cunningham, 6-0, 6-1. 
Hamilton beat Donnell, 6-4, 6-3. 
L. Dana beat Anthoine, 6-2, 6-1. 
C. Smith beat Holt, 6-4, 6-0. 
McCann beat Harris, 6-3, 6-2. 

Oakes returned to college Monday with the 
encouraging announcement that the injury to his 
side is not so severe as was feared, and that he will 
be in condition to pitch within a few days. He will 
probably pitch the Amherst game Saturday, and his 
presence will surely stimulate the whole team to take 
a brace. 

Phillip Coffin, left fielder and substitute pitcher, 
while out practicing on Monday afternoon, 
wrenched his knee severely which will make it 
impossible for him to play for two weeks, at least. 
Our nine is playing in hard luck. If Oakes, who is 
suffering with a sprain, is not able to pitch, the 
team will be badly handicapped in the next two 
games which are to come in two successive days. 
Either Lewis will have to pitch for both or else the 
pitcher of the second nine will have to help out in 
this emergency. 

The base-ball team left this Thursday morning 
on the 7.45 train for Amherst, where it will play 

Massachusetts State College to-morrow and 
Amherst College Saturday. 

The following are the most promising men 
entered for the Maine Intercollegiate Athletic Meet 
at Lewiston, Friday : 

Hunt in 100-yard dash, 220-yard dash, 120-yard 
hurdles, 220-yard hurdles, broad jump. 

Soule in 100-yard dash, 220-yard dash. 

Gray in one-quarter mile. 

Nutter in one-quarter mile, half mile. 

Pierce in one mile. 

Sawyer in one mile. 

Bisbee in two miles. 

N. Perkins in two miles. 

J. O. Hamilton in high jump, broad jump. 

Stanwood in high jump, broad jump. 

Clark, high jump. ■ 

Bradstreet, broad jump. 

Denning in shot, discus, hammer. 

Small in shot, discus, hammer. 

Dunlap in discus, hammer. 

Webb in high hurdles. 

Rowe in low hurdles. 

Perkins in low hurdles. 

Entries for the New England Intercollegiate 
Athletic Meet at Worcester : 

100-yard dash — Hunt, Soule, Eastman, Rowe, 
Archibald, Everett. 

220-yard dash — Hunt, Soule, Eastman, Everett, 

120-yard hurdle — Hunt, Dunlap, Webb. 

220-yard hurdle— Hunt, Rowe, J. Perkins, Webb. 

440-yard dash — Grav, Nutter, Everett, I. Per- 
kins, Kimball, Hall. 

880-yard run — Nutter, Thompson, Pierce, Saw- 

1 mile — Pierce, Sawyer, N. Perkins, Bisbee, 
Sinkinson, Thompson. 

2 mile — N. Perkins, Bisbee, Sinkinson, Pierce, 

High jump — Stanwood, Clark, J. O. Hamilton, 

Broad jump — Hunt, Stanwood, J. O. Hamilton. 
Discus — Small, Denning, Dunlap. 
Pole vault — Lowell. 
Shot — Small, Denning. 
Hammer — Denning, Small. 

Several changes have been tried in the 'varsity 
practice on the diamond this week. The line-up for 
the two games at Amherst is yet undecided. 

Brewer High School has entered for the Invita- 
tion Interscholastic Meet, May 31. 

Vale beat California in a dual athletic meet at 
New Haven, last Saturday. California excelled in 
the strength events and won the 100 yards' dash. 
First places alone counted. 

University of Maine easily defeated Colby last 
Saturday. 13 to 6. Maine hit Saunders at will. 
Bates took a three days' trip in Vermont, winning 
one from University of Vermont and Middlebury 
and losing one to University of Vermont. 

The Yale foot-ball schedule next fall will not 
include Columbia, Carlisle, or University of Penn- 
sylvania, though it was rumored that games would 



be arranged with all of these. The schedule is as 
follows : 

September 27, Trinity at New Haven ; October I, 
Tufts at New Haven; 4, Amherst at New Haven; 
8, Wesleyan at New Haven; 11, Brown at Provi- 
dence; 15, Bowdoin at New Haven; 18, Pennsyl- 
vania State College at New Haven; 25, Syracuse 
University at New Haven; November 1, West 
Point at West Point : 8, Bucknell at New Haven ; 
15, Princeton at Princeton; 22, Harvard at New 


'35. — Among those who attended the banquet of 
the Bangor alumni at Bangor Friday evening, April 
25, was Hon. Josiah Crosby of Dexter. Mr. Crosby 
despite his 85 years, is hale and hearty, and actively 
interested in the welfare of his Alma Mater. He 
graduated in the Class of '35 and is one of the oldest 
living alumni. Mr. Crosby's son, J. Willis Crosby, 
Esq., also of Dexter, and a graduate of Bowdoin in 
the Class of '82, also attended the banquet. 

'58. — The college library has lately received two 
notable books from the author, Mr. Edwin Read, 
A.M., of Andover, Mass. The names are "Francis 
Bacon, Our Shakespeare," and "Bacon and Shakes- 
peare Parallelisms." The vexed question of the 
authorship of the Shakespeare writings is to-day 
the most interesting literary problem. Whatever 
the preconceived ideas of the reader may be, the 
arguments which Mr. Reed advances to support the 
Baconian theory cannot fail to make a distinct 
impression, — if, indeed, they do not convert to an 
entire acceptance of his views. Mr. Reed has col- 
lected a large number of passages from the publica- 
tions of Shakespeare and Bacon showing the simi- 
larity of thought and expression, arranging them in 
parallel columns with appropriate annotations. The 
result is a mass of evidence for the Baconian theory 
which in any judicial consideration of the subject 
must be received with respect. Apart from the 
suggestiveness of these comparisons Mr. Read's 
attainments as a Shakesperean student, as evi- 
denced in his notes, will be found stimulating to the 
general reader. The books are handsomely printed 
at the University Press on a fine quality of deckle- 
edge paper, size 6^x954, with 242 pages in the first 
and 441 pages in the second ; and are tastefully 
bound in boards with cloth back and paper label. 
The price of the first is $2.00 net, of the second 
$2.50 net. 

'70. — After many years of ignorance as to the 
whereabouts of John Henry Gooch, he has been 
found to be living at Oakland, Cal. Since 1886 he 

has resided in the West. He was editor of the 
Northwestern Labor Union of Minneapolis from 1886 
to 1888. Then for ten years he was in the newspaper 
business at Oakland. In 1890 he enlisted in the 2d 
Artillery of the California National Guard as band- 
leader of Battery H. Mr. Gooch has been a mem- 
ber of many different orchestras in theatres, thus 
enjoying the musical career which he planned at 
graduation. He is a member of the Market Street 
Congregational Church of Oakland. He has a wife 
and five children living. 

'■jl. — Hon. Augustus F. Moulton lectured on 
Oliver Cromwell last Thursday at the Cyrus Cole 
Memorial Universalist Church in South Portland. 

'92, M. '96. — Dr. William B. Kenniston of Exe- 
ter, N. H, and Miss Inez M. Whitcomb of Yar- 
mouth were married on April 2, at Yarmouth. They 
will be at home after May 10, at Exeter. 

'94. — Mr. Frederick J. Libby of the Andover The- 
ological School, has been awarded the Winkley Fel- 
lowship of that institution which entitles him to two 
years study abroad. He expects to divide the time 
between the universities of Berlin and Oxford. 

'90. — Victor V. Thompson of Rockland has been 
re-elected for a third term as superintendent of 
schools of Ashland and Hopkinton, Mass. 

'99. — Wm. T. Veazie is in Cincinnati, representing 
P. S. Briggs & Co., bankers and brokers, of that city. 

'01. — Robert C. Foster sailed recently from New 
York for Antwerp. He will travel for six weeks 
through Belgium, France, Spain and England. 

1900. — Percy A. Babb, a former editor-in-chief of 
the Orient, is now with the "Minas Dolores y 
Anexas" Company, successor to the Guggenheim 
Exploration Company of Matehuala, San Luis 
Potosi, Mexico. He writes under date of April 19, 
1902, that his prospects are very promising, and that 
he is reaping several times the outlay of time and 
money incidental to a college course. His position 
is responsible, being covered by a $40,000 bond, Mex- 
ican currency, and he has been advanced three times 
in salary since June, '01, and twice in position, so 
that now he is second only to the superintendent. 

In the following list are given the names of grad- 
uates whose deaths, though occurring quite a while 
ago, have been reported but recently : 

'41. — Rev. Joseph Garland, died May 15, 1901, at 

'43. — B. F. Parsons, died Dec. 7, 1899, at Auburn. 
Joseph W. Weston, died Feb. 18, 1901, at Dallas, Pa. 
Gustavus Foss Sargent, died Oct. 26, 1901, at Bos- 

'51. — John Sydney Hurd, died July 23, 1901, at 
Hampton, Iowa. 

'59. — John W. Weeks, died Nov. 9, 1892, at But- 
ler, Penn. 

M. '6o— Dr. J. R. Dean, died Dec. 6, 1901. 


Vol. XXXII. 


No. 5. 





Clement F. Robinson, 1903, Editor-in-Chief. 

Farnsworth O. Marshall, 1903, Business Manager. 

William T. Rowe, 1904, Assistant Editor-in-Chief. 
Harold J. Eyerett, 1904, Assistant Business Manager. 

Associate Editors. 

S. C. W. Simpson, 1903. S. T. Dana, 1904. 

B. S. Viles, 1903. E. H. R. Burroughs, 1905. 

G. C. Purington, Jr., 1904. W. F. Finn, Jr., 1905. 
W. S. Cushing, 1905. 

Per annum, in advance, 
Per Copy, 

10 Cents. 

Please address business communications to the Business 
Mauager, and all other contributions to the Editor-in-Chief. 

Entered at the Post-Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 

Printed at the .Journal Office, Lewiston. 



Comment is perhaps unnecessary on the 
Maine Meet. The students as well as the 
alumni appreciate fully the gloomy forebod- 
ings which such an event, coming together 
with defeats in foot-ball and base-ball, give to 
many outside friends of the college, and it 
was indeed a disconsolate body of students 
which spent Sunday on the campus. The 
whole matter has been sifted in the conversa- 
tion l bf the students for nearly a week, and the 
impression made on their minds has been 
deepened and made permanent. It is need- 
less to discuss whether it was luck or skill 

which gave Maine the meet, except in so far 
as it is done to remove the impression outside 
that the college has not athletic ability even if 
it cares to exert it. The truth is, Maine 
caught us napping, and was itself keyed up 
to its prime of condition. The college had 
heard in other years of Maine's expectations, 
and had seen them dwindled by the event. 
This year the expectations had a real founda- 
tion, and Bowdoin is the sufferer. It remains 
to be seen if the Bowdoin sentiment will turn 
into action next year, and, with every point 
worked for as if it were to win the meet, an 
outcome produced like the years when Cloud- 
man and Edwards and Godfrey divided up the 
points to suit themselves. We have had our 
lesson ; now let us profit thereby. 

An electric light at the bulletin-board 
would be a great convenience. Often students 
who are unable to consult it during the day, 
want to examine the notices in the evening, 
and it is a great nuisance to bother with 

This Thursday evening comes Bowdoin's 
first intercollegiate debate. It is the privilege 
and duty of the college to turn out in a body 
and encourage our team to victory. Victory 
to-night is as important as a victory in 
athletics, and honorable defeat after a hard 
fight is as worthy a substitute for victory as it 
would be on the track or gridiron. Our rep- 
resentatives need the moral support of a 
crowded hall to encourage them to a gallant 
assault and defense. Let us give the Amherst 
visitors the sort of welcome which is most 
courteous of all, by backing up the debate with 
our presence ; and help our own team to do 
what both teams wish, — fight for every point 



of vantage until the task of the judges of the 
debate is quite unenviable. 

Do not applaud speakers to-night 
except at the end of their speeches. 

Alumni are of all kinds. If the alumni in 
general would take the interest shown by some 
of them and would encourage losing teams, 
instead of condemning their whole organiza- 
tion and the condition of the college which 
they are assumed to represent, it would be 
more dignified for the alumni and more valu- 
able for the students. We quote a personal- 
letter received this week to show the sympa- 
thetic interest which invigorates : 

You seem to be having a streak of mis- 
fortune just at present, but I hope that the 
results will soon change. I am watching 
every game and trust that from now on the 
victories will be ours. I suppose that the boys 
feel a little blue, but they must not get dis- 

Sincerely yours, 

Robert L. Hull 
Togus, Me., May 18, 1902. 

The special Sophomore Prize in history 
awarded this year will rest partly on work in 
the course and partly on an essay, limited in 
length, on one of these two subjects : 1. "The 
Life and Times of John Wycliffe." 2. "The 
Life and Times of Cromwell." The number 
entered for this Prize is much smaller than 
reasonably expected, and it is doubtful if it is 
offered next year. 

We take pleasure in quoting the 'following 
exchange of editorial courtesies from a per- 
sonal letter recently received. It has a pecu- 
liar interest for this afternoon before the 
debate : 

I see by the last number of the Orient 
that you were somewhat amused at the state- 
ment in the Student to the effect that the 

Bowdoin-Amherst debate is to be held at 
"New Brunswick." I confess that I was quite 
surprised myself to see how far eastward 
Bowdoin had suddenly moved in the columns 
of my invaluable paper. And, in spite of the 
fact that Sophomore proof-readers are not 
always error-proof — at least here in Amherst 
— yet I had a feeling that the joke was on me. 
Speaking of intercollegiate debates, how- 
ever, I was greatly interested to discover in 
the columns of the last Orient, that I had a 
new colleague on the debating team, Mr. 
"Lord." Although none of the Amherst team 
have ever met this gentleman, yet I sincerely 
trust that the Orient spoke words of truth 
and soberness. For we need the Lord on our 
side. May this comedy of errors live long 
and prosper. 

Fraternally and typographically yours, 
Albert W. At wood, 
(Ed.-in-Chief Student.) 

Editors of the Orient: 

It is generally understood about college 
that a comparatively small number of men will 
be taken to Worcester this year to represent 
Bowdoin in the New England Intercollegiate 
meet. This is probably due to the fact that 
no sanguine hopes are entertained of 
winning the meet this year. Now it seems to 
many of the undergraduates that the usual 
number of men should be taken — and if any- 
thing the number should be increased, because 
the experience of taking part in a meet of this 
nature is certainly very valuable to any man. 
We must have athletic teams in years to come 
and all likely candidates should be taken on 
the trip. The experience of last Saturday 
demonstrated the fact that Bowdoin must 
hustle more than she ever has before to keep 
ahead of her sister colleges. Athletics are 
not standing still in the other Maine colleges 
and we must progress with the times — and not 
merely keep up our old-time standard. 
There is no doubt but that we played in 
exceedingly hard luck at Lewiston and that 
nine times out of ten we would win the meet 
were the same teams competing, but we need 
to do everything we can to build up a good 
team for next year, and there can be no better 
way than by taking a good-sized delegation to 





The question : "Resolved, That Recon- 
struction on the Basis of Negro Suffrage Was 
an Unwise Policy" — affirmative, Amherst ; 
negative, Bowdoin. The opening speeches 
will be of ten minutes, with five minutes for 
rebuttal. The speakers will be in the follow- 
ing order : Ford, Amherst ; Marshall, Bow- 
doin ; Atwood, Amherst ; Gross, Bowdoin ; 
Pierce, Amherst; Walker, Bowdoin. 

Two judges were unchosen at the time 
when the Orient went to press. The third 
will be Professor Brown of Harvard. 

It is earnestly desired that the speakers be 
not interrupted by applause, as their speeches 
are limited in time. 


The special examination which counts two- 
fifths in the awarding of the Class of '75 His- 
tory Prize in United States History will take 
place on Monday afternoon, June 2. It will 
be a three-hour examination, conducted by 
Professor Dennis according to the usual rules 
for term examinations. The subject will be 
the History of the United States from the 
Compromise of 1850 to the second election of 
Lincoln (1850-64). Books of reference 
recommended are Burgess' "Middle Period" 
and "Civil War and the Constitution" and 
Rhodes' "History of the United States." The 
essays, which constitute the other three-fifths 
of the competition, were due on May 9. 
About a half-dozen were handed in, evenly 
divided between the three subjects announced 
in January. 


A meeting of the Advisory Athletic Com- 
mittee took place Monday evening, with 
Professor Moody as chairman. The chief 
object of discussion was the proposed new 
constitution. Unexpected objections to sev- 
eral of its provisions arose, so announcement 
of it will not be made this week, as expected, 
but will be delayed several months until the 
disputed points have been reconciled. 

Several votes were passed by the commit- 
tee, as follows : The cost of setting out and 
removing the wooden track each winter is to 
be met from the general athletic funds in the 
hands of the committee. Twenty-five dollars 

was appropriated for the expenses of the inter- 
scholastic tournament, twenty-two dollars for 
the purchase of a stone ..roller, and twenty dol- 
lars advanced the Foot-Ball Association. The 
purchase of a roller will do away with the 
necessity of borrowing one in the future, and 
every one will be much relieved thereby. Cof- 
fin, '03, was appointed auditor of managers' 
accounts. Finally, it was voted as the opinion 
of the committee that the tennis association is 
right in the stand it has taken that as the old 
Intercollegiate Tennis League has never been 
formally broken up, although no contests have 
taken place for several years, Bates has no right 
to retain the cup permanently which her rep- 
resentatives won in the last tournament, but 
should put it up to be competed for in the 
tournament proposed this year. The attitude 
of Bates is that the cup is hers, and that a new 
cup and a new league should be made this 


The seventieth annual convention of the 
Alpha Delta Phi Fraternity occurred at Wash- 
ington, Wednesday and Thursday, under the 
auspices of the Washington Alumni Associa- 
tion. Wednesday evening an informal smoker 
was given by the Johns Hopkins Chapter at 
the New Willard Hotel. Thursday forenoon 
an executive session of the Fraternity was held 
which adjourned at twelve o'clock to enable 
the brothers to enjoy a sail down the Potomac 
to Mt. Vernon. After planting a tree here 
the fraternity picture was taken and then all 
again boarded the steamer and crossed over 
to Marshall's Hall to enjoy a plank-shad 
dinner. In the evening theatre parties were 
formed and thus ended a very enjoyable day. 
Friday morning another executive meeting 
was called and was adjourned at twelve o'clock 
to enable the brothers to get lunch before 
going to the White House where all were to be 
received by Brother President Theodore 
Roosevelt. At one o'clock all went in a body 
to the White House and shortly after arriving 
were greeted by the President in the East 
Room. After putting on the fraternity 
emblem, the President received all the dele- 
gates and the reception came to an end, when 
all joined in singing the fraternity Greek song, 
and then returned to the New Willard. The 
executive session was called and Fridav even- 



ing occurred the banquet and final meeting of 
the brothers. The banquet was a success in 
every way and great praise is due to the 
Washington alumni. 

The Chapter of Phi Rho Beta of Wiscon- 
sin was granted a charter by the convention. 

The delegates from the Bowdoin Chapter 
were Thomas Carter White, '03 ; John H. 
White, '01, and Cyrus Franklin Packard, '04. 
Other Bowdoin brothers present were Rev. 
Frank Sewall, '58 ; Edward Stanwood, '61 ; 
S. D. Fessenden, 'yy; W. F. White, '97; O. D. 
Smith, '98; A. L. Hunt, '98; W. H. White, 
'99 ; A. P. Cram, '99 ; L. B. Leavitt, '99 ; H. C. 
McCarty, 1900. 


The death of A. J. Booker removes from 
the college world almost the last representa- 
tive of the old college. It is true that for sev- 
eral years his only college work has been clone 
at the medical building, so that students now 
in college have had little or -no contact with 
him, but two whole generations of students 
previous to these knew him as the man who 
did everything about the buildings and 
grounds. It is safe to say that the students 
from i860 to 1895 have a more vivid remem- 
brance of no other man connected with the 
college than of "Booker," as everyone called 
him. In those old and simpler times it was he 
who built the fires in those old wood stoves in 
the recitation rooms ; it was he who minded 
the windows and fixed the doors ; knew where 
everything was, and got it when wanted and 
put it back ; and in a very real sense kept the 
college running. 

And he did all this with remarkable faith- 
fulness and efficiency. The college never had 
a servant with an eye more single to its inter- 
ests. He always studied to keep down the 
expenses, and keep things looking as well as 
possible. He always kept the respect of the 
students. Of course they would laugh and 
joke about him at times, but usually in a good- 
natured way. They know that he was kind- 
hearted and always willing to do favors to 
them. The great secret of his success was his 
infinite patience. No matter how many 
wanted him at the same time, and how 
unreasonable some of these wants were, he 
never was irritated, but kept about his work, 
serving each in turn as fast as he could. Of 

course he had his likes and dislikes, but he 
was careful not to make them too prominent. 
The most that he would say after some espe- 
cially disagreeable fellow had annoyed him, 
was "By gee, I don't like that fellow." 

An infinite number of stories connected 
with Mr. Booker will come to the minds of 
graduates who read this and there will be 
widespread sorrow among them that as they 
come back to commencement they will see his 
kindly face no more. 


May 22 — Bowdoin-Amherst Debate in Memorial 

May 24 — New England Intercollegiate Athletic Meet 
at Worcester. 
Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. Bates at Lewiston. 

May 26-29 — Longwood Tennis Association Tourna- 
ment at Brookline. 

May 28 — Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. Colby at Brunswick. 

Second vs. Bates Second at Lewiston. 
May 30 — Memorial Day, holiday. 

May 31 — Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. U. of M. at Bangor. 
(Exhibition game.) 
Bowdoin Invitation Interscholastic Meet 

at Whittier Field. 
Athletic Meet at Mott Haven. 

June 2— Jury Meeting. 

June 4 — Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. Brunswick at Bruns- 
Second vs. Westbrook Sem. at Westbrook. 

June 7 — Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. Harvard at Cam- 
Second vs. Farmington High at Farming- 

June 11 — Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. Colby at Waterville. 

June 13 — Ivy Day. 

Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. Bates at Brunswick. 

June 13-14 — Entrance Examination at Preparatory 

The following books have recently been added to 
the library : "The Snow Baby," by Mrs. J. D. Peary ; 
"Comedies of Aristophanes;" "Reconstruction and 
the Constitution," by J. W. Burgess ; "Blue Grass 
and Rhododendron," by John Fox ; "Orations of 
Cicero" in separate volumes ; "Life and Letters in 
the Fourth Century," by T. R. Glover ; "Expansion of 
American People," by E. E. Sparks ; "Life of Cecil 
Rhodes," by Hensmann ; "The Domain of Art." by 
W. M. Conway; "The Hound of the Baskervilles," 
by Conan Doyle ; "Dorothy Vernon," by Charles 
Major; "Gardens Ancient and Modern," by A. F. 




Peabody, '03, has returned to college. 

Laferriere, '01, was on the campus Sunday. 

McCobb, '05, is visiting his parents at Boothbay 
for a week. 

Fraternity base-ball games on the delta are com- 
ing into fashion. 

A. M. Ford of Jericho, Vermont, is the guest of 
his nephew, Professor Woodruff. 

Professor Lee lectured before the students of 
Edward Little High School Thursday. 

Dartmouth's foot-ball schedule opens with a 
game with Bates at Hanover, October 2. 

Mr. Arthur B. Williams, Yale, '98, led the Y. 
M. C. A. meetings, Wednesday and Thursday even- 
ings of last week. 

Shaughnessy, '03, on his return from Amherst 
stopped off at Framingham, where he visited 
friends for a few days. 

A number of the students attended the annual 
reception of the Portland High School Alumni held 
at Portland, Saturday evening. 

The high schools of Brunswick, Bath and Bow- 
doinham will hold an athletic meet, on Whittier 
Field next Saturday afternoon. 

W. T. Reid, Jr., has been unanimously elected 
Commencement Marshal at Harvard by the candi- 
dates for degrees of A.M. and S.M. 

Several of the base-ball teams called on Profes- 
sor and Mrs. Harry De Forest Smith, '91, of 
Amherst, recently of Bowdoin, last week. 

Alfred J. Booker, who was taken ill some few 
weeks ago, while performing his duties as janitor of 
the Medical Building, died Thursday at his resi- 
dence in Brunswick. 

Mrs. James McD. Gardiner entertained a large 
number of the students Wednesday evening, by an 
illustrated lecture on Japanese life and scenery which 
she gave at the chemical lecture room. 

Bates College will send a generous number of 
rooters to Brunswick Thursday for the Bowdoin- 
Amherst debate, for it is said that the Bates men 
are interested in Bowdoin's present debut in forensic 

The score of 23 to 5 in the Bates-Colby game of 
last Saturday shows an unlooked for turn of affairs 
in the Maine Intercollegiate series, and it also proves 
that the Lewiston college has a very fast team on 
the diamond this year. 

It is not expected that Fogg, '02, will be able to 
join his class again before Commencement. It is 
believed that he will be able to write and probably 
to deliver the closing address on Class Day, assigned 
him by vote of the class last winter, 

Amherst College said many pleasant things about 
the sportsman-like qualities of the Bowdoin team. 
In particular, Bowdoin's decision not to protest 
Kane, Amherst's star pitcher, who is the cause of a 
disagreement in the triangular league, aroused much 
favorable comment. It was acknowledged that if 
Kane had not pitched, Bowdoin would very likely 
have won. 

Eight schools competed in the invitation meet at 
University of Maine Saturday, Bangor High winning 
in a close finish with Kent's Hill by a score of 
41 1-5 to 31. Skowhegari High was third with 27 1-5 
points, Brewer fourth with 9 1-5, Higgins Institute 
fifth with 7, Ricker Institute sixth with 5 1-5, Ells- 
worth High seventh with 5, and Fort Fairfield High 
eighth, with 1-5. 

Editor-in-Chief Atwood of the Amherst Student 
will stay with the editor-in-chief of the Orient 
while here for the debate this week. The Student 
has the same form as the Orient, even to the cover 
design, and its general aims are the same. The only 
differences are in the larger size of the Student and 
the more systematic arrangement of its make-up, 
which has been taught by its longer experience as a 
weekly. The Orient expects to profit, accordingly, 
by the visit of the editor-in-chief of the Student. 

The second themes of the term, for the Juniors 
not taking Political Economy, will be due Tuesday, 
May 27. 


1. Cecil Rhodes' Scholarships for American 

2. Canfield's "The College Student and His 

3. The Good and Evil in Chivalry. 

4. Bret Harte as a Story- Writer. 

The Quill Board announces that there will be 
prizes given for the best short story and the best 
poem offered for the Commencement number of the 
Quill. Each prize will be a set of English classics. 
These books are exceptionally valuable, both artisti- 
cally and intrinsically, and are well worth the sacri- 
fice. The rules governing the competition are the 
same that have held hitherto. The judges will be 
two members of the Faculty and the chairman of the 
Quill Board. All contributions should be in the 
hands of the chairman on or before June 5. 

A very interesting base-ball game between mem- 
bers of the Delta Kappa Epsilon and Theta Delta 
Chi Fraternities was played on the delta on Wednes- 
day afternoon, the fourteenth. The teams were com- 
posed of non-Varsity men and the game was closely 
and evenly played for the most part, but the final 
inning showed a score of 13 to 8 in favor of the 
Theta Delta Chis, and therefore the suppers at the 
New Meadows Inn on the following evening were 
"on the Dekes." The party at the Inn numbered 
about 40, and a remarkably pleasant occasion is 

Bowdoin is not the only college which has its 
downs as well as its ups in athletics. Colby's base- 
ball team has lost every college game it has played 
this season, although it is the same team, with the 
exception of two men, which won the Maine Cham- 
pionship last year and the year before. The loss of 
Newenham evidently is a serious one, and shows how 
lucky is Bowdoin in getting him as a coach. In 
Massachusetts just at present Williams is going 
through experience similar to ours, having lost most 
of its base-ball games and a dual track 'meet with 
Syracuse University. 

Next Monday comes the annual meeting of the 
New England Intercollegiate Press Association at 
Boston, and the Orient and Quill will, as usual, be 



represented. President Fogg, Bowdoin, '02, will 
probably be unable to be present on account of ill- 
ness. It is not unusual to have the Orient appear 
a day later than customary to allow the editors time 
for attending the convention. Our readers should 
not be surprised, accordingly, if there is no Orient 
next Thursday. Because of the holiday, Friday, 
however, one day's delay would mean two, there- 
fore the attempt will be made to have the paper out 
on time. 


M. A. C. 10, Bowdoin 9. 

The "Amherst Aggies" beat Bowdoin in a closely 
contested ten inning game last Friday, which really 
belonged to Bowdoin from the start. In the first 
inning, on four errors and hits by Havey, Kelley, 
and Shaughnessy, Bowdoin scored three runs, and 
apparently had a good lead. In their half of the 
inning, however, with the first two men out, the 
"Aggies" began to hit and managed to tie the score. 
In the second, Bowdoin got two more runs, when, 
with two men on bases, Havey knocked a two- 
bagger. In the third, M. A. C. scored again, and in 
the fifth Bowdoin got one more, making the score 
Bowdoin 6, M. A. C. 4. In their half of the fifth, 
after the first two men were easily put out, the 
"Aggies" took another batting streak and knocked 
out four singles, which, aided by an error by Shaugh- 
nessy, netted them three runs and put them in the 
lead. In the sixth and seventh neither side scored, 
but in the eighth things began to get lively again. 
The first two men up got out, but Greene managed 
to get a base on balls. Then Havey stepped up to 
the bat and met the ball fairly, for what is probably 
the longest hit ever made on these grounds. It 
seemed as if the ball would never stop, and Havey 
completed the circuit of the bases before the ball 
reached the diamond again. Then Munro got a 
single, which Kelley followed with another long hit 
that was good for a home run. Then the umpire 
stepped in and robbed Kelley of his hit and Bowdoin 
of the game by calling Munro out for cutting second. 
The umpire had been roasting Bowdoin right along, 
but this last stroke was too much, as Munro himself 
and several witnesses, who were watching carefully, 
were sure that he touched the base. The umpire 
refused to change his decision, and Captain Havey 
wished to leave the field. He was strongly advised 
to finish the game out, however, and finally decided 
to do so. In their half of the eighth the "Aggies" 
tied the score, and in the ninth Bowdoin took the 
lead again. In the last of the ninth, however, the 
"Aggies" tied it again on a base on balls and a wild 
throw to first by White. Bowdoin failed to score 
in the tenth, but Oakes, who replaced Lewis in this 
inning, was unable to hold the "Aggies" and a base 
on balls, and two hits won the game for them. 

The features of the game were the hitting of 
Havey and Kelley, a running catch by Gregg, a one- 
handed catch by Shaughnessy, and the poor decis- 
ions of the umpire, who actually gave the game 

away. He continually roasted both sides, but Bow- 
doin especially, and at critical times. 
The summary : 

M. A. C. 


Cook, C 6 O O 8 2 

Hunt, p 6 1 o o 4 1 

Bodfish, ib s 2 2 11 o 1 

O'Hearn, 2b 6 1 4 5 o 2 

Paul, ss 6 3 2 2 5 s 

Halligan, cf 6 1 I o o 

Gregg, If 5 1 1 1 o o 

Brooks, 3b 3 1 2 1 3 1 

Ingham, rf 5 o I 1 

48 10 13 29* 14 10 
*Munro went out for cutting base. 


ab r bh po a e 

White, 3b 5 2 1 6 2 5 

Stanwood, cf 6 o 1 

Greene, c 3 2 o 2 1 o 

Havey, lb 5 2 3 12 o 

Munro, If 6 I 2 o o 

Kelley, rf 5 o 4 1 

Bly, ss s 1 o 1 3 2 

Shaughnessy, 2b 5 1 1 5 o 1 

Lewis, p 4 o o 6 o 

Oakes, p ._ o o o o o 

44 9 11 28* 12 8 

Score by Innings. 

123456789 10 

Bowdoin 3 2 1 o 2 1 o 9 

M. A. C 3 o 1 o 3 o 1 1 1 — 10 

*One out when winning run was made. 

Stolen bases — Munro, Kelley, Shaughnessy (2), 
Bodfish, Paul (2), Gregg. Two-base hits — Havey, 
Munro. Home run — Havey. Double plays — Hunt, 
O'Hearn, Bodfish ; Bodfish unassisted. Bases on 
balls — by Lewis 2, by Oakes 1, by Hunt 5. Hit by 
pitched ball — Greene. Struck out — by Lewis 2, by 
Hunt 7. Time — 2 hours, 15 minutes. Attendance — 
100. Umpire — Merritt. 

Amherst 5, Bowdoin 0. 

Saturday, the next day, Amherst defeated Bow- 
doin in a cleanly played and interesting game. Kane 
was in the box for Amherst again and pitched well, 
allowing only five scattering hits. The umpire was 
much more satisfactory than the one of the day pre- 
vious and with the exception of one decision which 
cost Bowdoin two runs ; did very well. 

Amherst got one run in the first inning, which it 
did not deserve at all. Baumann got his base on 
balls, stole second and started to steal third, when 
Oakes in trying to catch him, threw over White's 
head and allowed the man to score. In the second 
Amherst got an ~ earned run and in the sixth two 
more on a decision by the umpire. Rafting got a 
two-base hit and then Favam was hit by a batted 
ball, but the umpire would not call him out as he 
thought he was in his box. Favam then knocked 
a three-bagger and afterwards scored himself. 
Amherst got its last score in the seventh on two 
hits and a wild pitch by Oakes. 

Stanwood played a pretty game, throwing a man 



out at home and making a double play on a difficult 
running catch. 
The summary : 


ab r bh po a e 

Chase, 3b 5 ° ° 3 ° ° 

Baumann, ss 2 1 o 1 3 o 

Shay, cf 3 1 3 o o o 

Kelliher, 2b 4 ° 7 1 7 

Rafting, If 4 1 I l ° ° 

Favam, ib 4 1 I n o 1 

Field, rf 4 1 I o o o 

Priddy, c 3 o 1 10 o o 

Kane, p 4 o 2 o 1 o 

33 5 10 27 11 1 

ab r bh po a e 

White, 3b 4 o o 2 o 

Stanwood, cf 4 o o 2 2 

Greene, c 4 o 10 2 

Havey, lb 3 o 1 8 o 1 

Munro, If 4 o 1 o o o 

Kelley, rf 4 o 2 1 o 

Bly, ss 3 o 1 2 1 1 

Shaughnessy, 2b 3 o o 2 2 1 

Oakes, p 3 o o o 1 1 

32 o s 24 11 4 
Score by Innings. 


Amherst 1 1 o o o 2 1 o x — 5 

Stolen bases — Kelley, Baumann (3), Rafting, 
Favam. Two-base hits — Rafting, Field. Three- 
base hit — Favam. Double play — Stanwood, Havey. 
Bases on balls — by Oakes 4, by Kane 1. Struck 
out — by Oakes 9, by Kane 10. Passed ball — Greene. 
Wild pitch — Oakes. Time — 2 hours 5 minutes. 
Attendance — 350. Umpire — Sweeney 


The second nine has now played three games, 
winning two of them. The game with Kent's Hill, 
May tenth, at Kent's Hill, was a victory for the 
Bowdoin team, 5 to 3. The detailed score did not 
appear in last week's Orient because Scorer Dunlap 
lost his score-book, and had not found it when the 
paper went to press. Suffice it to say, at this late 
date, that it was a hot game, and the second nine had 
to work to get it. Kent's Hill's battery was Havey 
and Gilman ; Bowdoin's invincible pitcher was 
Rolfe, with Day behind the bat. 

The Bowdoin team was as follows : Day, c. ; 
Rolfe, p.; D. I. Gould, lb. ; Martin (Capt.). 2b.; 
Conners, s.s. ; W. D. Gould, 3b; Stewart, l.f. ; Fol- 
som, cf; Allen, r.f. 

Hebron 9, Bowdoin Second 3. 
The Bowdoin Second nine met its first defeat 
on its home grounds, May 17, in an eight-inning 
game with Hebron. It was the same old story, — 
Bowdoin base-ball players unable to hit. Hebron's 
team is one of the strongest preparatory school 
teams in the State, especially at the bat. Bowdoin 
fielded much more cleanly than Hebron, with the 
exception of the last three innings when D. I. Gould 
went to pieces and made four errors, but at bat 

could do very little with Sessions' pitching. The 
game was free from the yagging which marks so 
many preparatory school games. 
The summary : 


ab r bh po a e 

Moody, rf 5 1 2 o 

Dwyer, c 4 2 2 9 1 

Sessions, p 5 1 1 o 1 

Rawley, lb 5 1 1 1 o 1 

Brown, ss 5 1 1 4 o 4 

Richardson, 3b 4 2 2 2 o 

Kalloch, cf 3 1 I 2 o 2 

Williams, 2b 4 o 1 2 o 1 

Teague (Capt.), If 4 1 3 2 o 1 

39 9 13 24 2 9 

Bowdoin Second. 

ab r bh po a e 

Martin (Capt.), 2b 3 o o 2 4 

W. Gould, 3b 4 1 2 1 1 

D. Gould, ib 3 1 10 o 4 

Allen, rf 4 o o o 

Pratt, ss 4 o 1 o 3 

Day, c 4 2 8 o 

Stuart, p 4 1 o I 2 

Houghton, cf 4 1 1 1 o o 

Philoon, If 3 o o 2 o o 

33 3 7 24 10 4 
Score by Innings. 


Hebron o 2 o o 2 1 3 I — 9 

Bowdoin Second o 1 o o 2 o o — 3 

Two-base hits — Moody. Stolen bases — Day, 
Teague. Base on balls — by Sessions, Martin ; by 
Stuart, Richardson, Kalloch. Struck out — by Ses- 
sions, Martin, Allen, Pratt, Stuart, Houghton 2, by 
Stuart, Rawley 2, Kalloch 2. Sacrifice hit — Wil- 
liams. Hit by pitched ball — D. Gould. Passed 
balls — Day 3. Umpire — Philip Coffin. Time — 2 
hours. Attendance — 100. 


University of Maine 60, Bowdoin 57. Bates 8, 
Colby 1, was the final record of points at the Eighth 
Annual Meet of the Maine colleges on Garcelon 
Field at Lewiston, May 16, 1902. 

It was hoped that the hard luck which has fol- 
lowed Bowdoin throughout the last year would be 
absent on this occasion, but Hunt had a sprained 
ankle and Nutter through illness was unable to enter 
the quarter, and the meet was lost. The result will, 
however, only spur Bowdoin on to greater endeavors 
next year. Nothing but the misfortune to her two 
best men prevented Bowdoin from scoring the usual 
70 points, and the University of Maine is to be con- 
gratulated at having a strong team to put into the 
field at a time when Bowdoin was weakest. No 
athletic critic, however, could claim that the vic- 
tory of Maine was due to her superiority in track 
athletics, but only to good fortune. 

The day was an ideal one for a meet and the 
track was in good condition, but the time was 
extremely slow in every event but the half-mile. 

The meet early in the day resolved itself into a 
dual competition between Maine and Bowdoin. Bates 



with forty men and Colby with four, had to be con- 
tent with one first and four thirds. It is hard to pick 
the individual star of the meet. Denning ofBowdoin, 
Harris and Davis of U. of M., each won ten points, 
and Hunt of Bowdoin nine points. Denning of 
Bowdoin, however, must be credited with the best 
individual work, for besides putting the shot 38 feet 
6}i inches, almost a record put, he threw the ham- 
mer within one inch of 130 feet, breaking the Maine 
record by 8 feet, and the New England record by 3 
feet. Harris and Davis of U. of M. made their 
points against slow fields and in medium time. 

Gray of Bowdoin was an easy victor in the quar- 
ter, leading the field by 30 feet. 

A previous agreement between the captains that 
the second men in the 220-yard dash should not 
qualify resulted in the loss of 2 points for Bowdoin 
to the benefit of U. of M. Soule of Bowdoin ran a 
close second to Harris of Maine in the trials, and had 
the second men been allowed their usual heat would 
have qualified, and as he easily defeated Perkins of 
Maine in the 100-yard dash could have undoubtedly 
won second in the 220-yard dash. Small matters like 
this seem trivial to insist upon, but sometimes they 
are of great importance. 

Pierce of Bowdoin in the mile ran a good race, 
but allowed Lane of Bates, a dark horse, to gain 
too great a lead. Pierce could not catch him on the 
sprint and Lane won by 10 yards. 

Bisbee of Bowdoin ran an exceptionally heady 
race in the two-mile, securing second in a good field. 

Capt. Hunt was suffering from a badly strained 
tendon and was unable to win the first, justly his 
when in good condition. He was unable to enter the 
220-yard dash on the low hurdle and was obliged to 
yield the 100-yard dash to Harris of Maine, the high 
hurdles to Davis of Maine, and the broad jump to 
Parker of Maine. 

Hunt deserves great credit for the plucky fight 
he made in the face of such overwhelming odds. 

Rowe of Bowdoin in the low hurdles fell as he 
cleared the last hurdle and Davis of Maine broke 
the tape before he could recover. Rowe finished 

The best race of the day was the half-mile. Nut- 
ter of Bowdoin ran away from the field and finished 
in 2 minutes 2 seconds, breaking the Maine record. 
The real race in this event was between Thompson 
of Bowdoin and Silver of U. of M. for second. 
They came down the stretch on even terms, but 
Thompson five yards from the tape forged ahead 
and won by a yard. 

Small and Denning of Bowdoin took about all 
the points in the weights, Elliott of Maine being 
their only competitor. Colby secured her only point 
in the pole vault, Hawes securing third, the other 
places going to Maine. 

In the high jump J. O. Hamilton of Bowdoin was 
an easy winner, with Clark of Bowdoin second. 
Soderstrom of Maine was in poor form and could 
do no better than 5 feet 4 inches. 

Everett of Bowdoin won his trial early in the 
220-yard dash and ran third in the finals. 

The result of the meet depended on the broad 
jump, the last event. Maine had 55 points and 
Bowdoin 53. Hunt and B. P. Hamilton of Bow- 
doin and Parker of Maine were the men qualify- 
ing. Maine had to win first in order to win the 
meet. Parker proved equal to the occasion with a 

jump of 20 feet 6 inches, while Hunt was able to 
jump but 20 feet 4% inches. 

The summary : 

Half-mile run — Won by I. W. Nutter, Bowdoin ; 
Thompson, Bowdoin, second ; Silver, U. of M., third. 
Time — 2m. 2s. 

Four hundred and forty-yard dash — Won by 
Gray, Bowdoin ; Perkins, U. of M., second ; Rounds, 
Bates, third. Time — 53 3-5S. 

One-hundred-yard dash — Won by Harris, U. of 
M. ; Hunt, Bowdoin, second ; Soule, Bowdoin, third. 
Time — 10 i-Ss. 

Mile run — Won by Lane, Bates ; Pierce, Bow- 
doin, second; Thomas, U. of M., third. Time — 4m. 
55 4-53. 

One hundred and twenty yard hurdle — Won by 
Davis, U. of M. ; Hunt, Bowdoin, second ; Babcock, 
Bates, third. Time — 16 4-5S. In trial heats, final 
heat 17s. 

Two hundred and twenty-yard hurdle — Won by 
Davis, U. of M. ; Rowe, Bowdoin, second ; Thatcher, 
U. of M., third. Time — 26 1-5S. 

Two-mile run — Won by Lawrence, U. of M. ; 
Bisbee, Bowdoin, second ; Robbins, Bates, third. 
Time — 11m. 7 4-5S. 

Two hundred and twenty-yard dash — Won by 
Harris, U. of M. ; Perkins, U. of M., second; Everett, 
Bowdoin, third. Time — 23s. 

Pole vault — Tie between Shaw and Parker, U. of 
M. ; Hawes, Colby, third. Height — 9 ft. 9 in. 

Putting 16-lb. shot — Won by Denning, Bowdoin ; 
Small, Bowdoin, second; Elliott, U. of M., third. 
Distance— 38 ft. 6% in. 

Running high jump — Won by J. O. Hamilton, 
Bowdoin; Clark, Bowdoin, second; Soderstrom, U. 
of M., third. Height— 5 ft. 6 in. 

Throwing 16-lb. hammer — Won by Denning, 
Bowdoin; Elliott, U. of M., second; Small, Bow- 
doin, third. Distance — 129 ft. 11 in. 

Throwing discus — Won by Watson, U. of M. ; 
Elliott, U. of M., second; Small, Bowdoin, third. 
Distance — 104 ft- ii 1 ^ in. 

Running broad jump — Won by Parker, U. of 
M. ; Hunt, Bowdoin, second ; B. P. Hamilton, Bow- 
doin, third. Distance — 20 ft. 6 in. 

The Vermont team arrived Monday night, and 
the tennis tournament went on Tuesday, Wednes- 
day and Thursday. The results will be recorded 
next week. 

The following schools have accepted invita- 
tions to enter Bowdoin's inter-scholastic tennis meet : 
Portland High, Brunswick High, and Westbrook 

May 16, 1902. 
Editor-in-Chief Bowdoin Orient, Brunswick, Me.: 
Dear Sir : — A statement appears in the issue of 
the Orient for May 8, page 24, that "The University 
of Maine has followed Bowdoin's example in reject- 
ing the one-year rule." As this statement is not 
correct, will you no.t have the kindness to give the 
f-eal action of the University of Maine Athletic Asso- 
ciation ? A vote was passed by the Association 
adopting all the recommendations of the Waterville 
conference, provided that all should be approved by 
all the Maine colleges. This action becomes bind- 
ing whenever all the other colleges of the State adopt 
all the recommendations without any further action 
by the Maine Association. 

Yours truly, Ralph K. Jones. 


Vol. XXXII. 


No. 6. 





Clement F. Robinson, 1903, Editor-in-Chief. 

Farnsworth G. Marshall, 1903, Business Manager. 

William T. Eowe, 1904, Assistant Editor-in-Chief. 
Harold J. Everett, 1904, Assistant Business Manager. 

Associate Editors. 

S. C. W. Simpson, 1903. S. T. Dana, 1904. 

B. S. Viles, 1903. E. H. R. Burroughs, 1905. 

G. C. Purington, Jr., 1904. W. F. Finn, Jr., 1905. 
W. S. Cushing, 1905. 

Per annum, in advance, 
Per Copy, 

. $2.00. 
10 Cents. 

Please address business communications to the Business 
Manager, and all other contributions to the Editor-in-Chief. 

Entered at the Poat-Offiee at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 

Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston. 

In its issue of May 24 the Harvard Crimson 
pays the Bowdoin Quill a compliment which is 
one to be proud of indeed. It copies, with 
credit, an extract from Stover's "Gander Club" 
which satires the inconsistencies of recent eli- 
gibility rules. The Crimson has a rule never 
to copy from a college exchange, which it 
breaks only on the rarest occasions. The 
Quill is to be congratulated on the aptitude 
of the paragraphs which caused the infraction 
of the Crimson's rule. 

We call especial attention to the announce- 
ment in another column of the rules to govern 
a contest for the punting cup which has laid 
idle since its presentation by Lewiston and 
Auburn alumni a few years ago. The contest 
this year will be held on June sixth, next 

week Friday, because the last Friday in May 
falls this year on Memorial Day. Entries 
should be made to Manager Nutter before next 
Monday, and there surely ought to be college 
spirit enough to insure a large list of entries 
and a share of competition. 

Because the base-ball practice has taken up 
the time and attention of the men, we have been 
unable to have regular spring foot-ball practice 
such as the larger colleges with whom we play 
next fall have been conducting, but we can cer- 
tainly spare time for a punting contest, and 
make the competition enthusiastic, instructive 
and beneficial. 

The debate is over and Bowdoin is proud 
of her first debating team, although it lost the 
decision of the judges. It debated with 
cogency and unity, and won the support of 
a large part of the audience, and the admira- 
tion of all. Next year will see the improve- 
ment in the only particular in which Bowdoin 
was inferior, — practice in actual debating. 
The Amherst men as individuals had debated 
before ; the Bowdoin men hardly had seen a 
debate, large or small. But next year's debate, 
as a whole, cannot well surpass the quality of 
the debate last week. It was a hot fight from 
start to finish, and the two sides to the argu- 
ment met fairly and squarely. The whole 
debate, too, was a student affair in every way, 
— the only interference of the Faculty of either 
college was in the selection of the teams from 
the list of contestants entered. As a student 
debate it was all the more praiseworthy; and 
the Orient congratulates both winners and 
losers. The task of the judges was indeed 
unenviable, and the decision must have been 
necessarily swayed one way and the other by 
very small details. May Bowdoin's further 
career in debating continue as honestly as the 



first experience has begun ; and we are bound in 
the end to win our share of victories, though 
the first battle is a defeat. 

In connection with our recent debate with 
Amherst, the strictures of the Bates Student 
on the editorial in the last volume of the 
Orient are interesting. In congratulating 
Bates on its victory over the Harvard Seniors 
we had noted the fact that by the system in use 
at Bates we understood the Bates men were 
given more or less Faculty help. That state- 
ment the Student vigorously denies. We made 
it through no ill-will, but as a mere comparison 
of different ideas on intercollegiate debating. 
If it is decided to coach a debating team like 
an athletic team, the practice is allowable, 
unless there is agreement to the contrary as in 
the case of the Amherst-Bowdoin debates. Our 
statement that Bates did avail itself somewhat 
of this legitimate aid was based on the open 
declaration of the Bates students, including 
what one of the debaters himself was over- 
heard to state on the train, the morning after 
the debate. And that fact, we think, makes a 
general comparison between the two debates in 
some measure unfair. 

Parts to be offered in the competition for 
the four Senior Prizes in English Composition 
may be left at Room 3, Memorial Hall, 7 p.m.. 
Wednesday, June 4. There are no restrictions 
as to length, or subject of parts. But no part 
will be accepted for which credit has been 
given in college work, or which has been, or is 
to be, offered in any other competition for a 
college prize ; that is, a theme or thesis upon 
which a student has been ranked, a '68, Pray, 
or Commencement part is not admissible. 
Parts, however, written by men on the provis- 
ional list of Commencement speakers, but not 
chosen to be presented on Commencement Day, 
may be" offered in this competition. Each 
writer should sign his part with a fictitious 
name and pass in an envelope containing his 

real name and bearing on the outside the name 
under which he has written. 

The Bowdoin Interscholastic Invitation 
Meet comes day after to-morrow. Every stu- 
dent should realize deeply the fact that the 
members of the different school teams are our 
guests in the full sense of the word and as such 
they have a right to expect from . us cordial 
greeting and entertainment. Each one of us 
should feel the personal responsibility of giv- 
ing them a royal good time even to the sacri- 
fice of our own pleasure. No student who has 
the welfare of Bowdoin at heart will let home 
or any other attraction keep him from being 
present and helping to entertain our guests. 
Let them not go away feeling that Bow- 
doin is behind any of the other Maine col- 
leges in hospitality. 


President Hyde's annual report, which 
appeared last week, is the most interesting and 
important one in recent years. It aims at a 
definite purpose, — to show that the college 
deserves an immediate addition of half a mil- 
lion dollars to its endowment funds by virtue 
of what it is doing and planning to do ; it 
sets out to suggest methods of raising that 
amount. The report calls attention to the fact 
that this Commencement closes the first hun- 
dred years of college work, and describes the 
commemorative exercises in June which it is 
hoped will serve as an excuse for the return 
of many old graduates who have not visited 
Bowdoin for years. A brief retrospection then 
follows, which includes a list of one hundred 
and sixty-six families which have been repre- 
sented on the college rolls by two or more gen- 
erations. Representatives of these families 
make up more than one-tenth of the present 
body of students. The donations for buildings 
and scholarships during the last year are enu- 
merated, and the appeal for the granting of the 
degree of Bachelor of Arts without Greek is 
made anew and with added emphasis. The 
President shows that Bowdoin, which prides 
itself on being a leader in the inauguration of 
new methods in instruction, is now practically 
alone among the representative colleges in 



retaining the old requirement for Greek, and 
that every year that w€ delay, cuts into our 
number of students. 

The second half of the report takes up the 
present condition of the college. The efficient 
system of recording the class work of the stu- 
dents and keeping them up to time, is men- 
tioned, and the character of the courses offered 
under each department is detailed by the indi- 
vidual instructors. Finally, the report sums 
up the general character of the students and 
their harmonious relations with the Faculty 
and each other, and states in full the necessity 
for an increase of endowment in order to con- 
tinue the conditions in the college without 
retrenchment. Five hundred thousand dollars 
is asked for, divided between increased endow- 
ments of professorships, more scholarships, and 
a large book fund. The sum is no modest one, 
and it is not asked for in one lump ; but the 
earnest hope is expressed that by means of 
small contributions from the alumni and 
friends of the college, now asked formally for 
such contributions for the first time in a gener- 
ation, this total will be reached in the course 
of the next five years. The results of the 
appeal will be summed up annually at the Com- 
mencement dinner. The college is doing nobly 
in its own behalf, but the time has come when 
it must have some outside aid, and in a digni- 
fied way it asks it. 


The first intercollegiate debate between 
Amherst and Bowdoin occurred in Memorial 
Hall on Thursday evening, May 22, before a 
large and appreciative audience. The entire 
student body, many graduates of the college, 
and a large number of towns-people made up 
one of the largest gatherings that has filled 
Memorial for many years. The good points 
brought out by each side were impartially 
applauded and a very friendly spirit prevailed 
throughout the evening. Judge Clarence Hale 
of Portland presided in a very pleasing man- 
ner and conducted the debate most acceptably 
to both Amherst and Bowdoin. 

The question discussed was "Resolved, 
That reconstruction on the basis of negro suf- 
frage was an unwise policy." 

Amherst had the affirmative and Bowdoin 
the negative side of the question, each speaker 
being allowed ten minutes for his opening 

speech. The debate was opened by James L. 
Ford, Jr., of St. Louis', Mo., who stated the 
lines along which Amherst would argue in 
favor of the question. Mr. Ford is an easy 
speaker and he created a very good impression 
upon his hearers. He pointed out the evils of 
the measure, showed the results upon the negro 
and society of the South, and closed by stating 
that the very measure which was at the time 
intended to franchise the negro, had, in the 
course of time, disfranchised him. Farns- 
worth G. Marshall of Portland was the first 
speaker for Bowdoin. He stated the attitude 
of the negative side, viz. : that the act had per- 
petuated the Union in time of peril, had 
afforded adequate protection for the blacks and 
had caused the remarkable advance which the 
negro has made since its enactment. 

Albert W. Atwood of New York City fol- 
lowed for the affirmative. Mr. Atwood held 
that Congress should have adopted Burgess' 
method, which would have been to place the 
South under territorial government until the 
crisis had subsided, and then to grant gradual 
suffrage. He dwelt for his entire speech upon 
the merits of his method. 

Daniel I. Gross of Bluehill followed for 
the negative. He held that suffrage at that 
time was necessary, and that the measure was 
wise and adequate. He showed that a state of 
anarchy prevailed, and that the laws of South- 
ern States discriminated directly against the 

Jason N. Pierce closed the debate for 
Amherst. Mr. Pierce was an effective and 
finished speaker and his remarks were duly 
appreciated by the audience. Mr. Pierce con- 
trasted the measure passed with the one. 
advanced by the affirmative side and said that 
time had showed the latter to be correct. He 
thought it would have been much better for 
both the negro and country generally. 

G. Rowland Walker of Portland was the 
last speaker. Mr. Walker presented a logical 
argument for the negative in a very clear and 
forceful manner. He summed up the argu- 
ments made by Bowdoin and brought forth 
many additional points. He said the measure 
had determined the supremacy of the national 
over state authority, had been effective in its 
results, and had proved itself by time to be the 
proper measure. 

Each speaker was then given five minutes 
for rebuttal, after which the judges, William 
Garrott Brown of Harvard, Prof. James 



Arthur Tufts of Exeter, and Thomas Lincoln 
Talbot, Esq., of Portland, retired for consulta- 
tion. At the expiration of half an hour Mr. 
Brown announced that the decision had been 
given to Amherst. After the debate the 
speakers, judges and several members of the 
Faculty banqueted at the Tontine. 

The committee of arrangements consisted 
of L. T. Gray, 1902, chairman ; A. S. Rodick, 
1902, L. V. Walker, 1903, T. C. White, 1903, 
and S. T. Dana, 1904. The alternates were 
Matthew van Siclen of Cornell, N. Y., for the 
affirmative, and Edward S. Anthoine of Port- 
land, for the negative. The affair was in all 
respects a success, and it is to be hoped that 
debates with Amherst will be held annually.' 


May 30 — Memorial Day, holiday. 

May 31 — Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. U. of M. at Bangor. 
(Exhibition game.) 
Bowdoin Invitation Interscholastic Meet 

at Whittier Field. 
Athletic Meet at Mott Haven. 

June 2 — Jury Meeting. 

June 4 — Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. Brunswick at Bruns- 
Second vs. Westbrook Sem. at Westbrook. 

June 7 — Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. Harvard at Cam- 
Second vs. Farmington High at Farming- 

June 11 — Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. Colby at Waterville. 

June 13 — Ivy Day. 

Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. Bates at Brunswick. 

June 13-14 — Entrance Examination at Preparatory 

An available form of combining business and 
pleasure in college men in a delightful way has grown 
up within the last few years, in the establishment of 
summer camps for boys in the woods and on the 
lakes, conducted by college students fond of out- 
door life. One of these, recently organized, has a 
peculiar interest for Bowdoin men, since its director, 
Mr. Ross of Phillips-Exeter, graduated from Bow- 
doin in 1894, and his assistants — Rolfe, '02, Coan and 
Purington, '04, are all Bowdoin men. This is Winde- 
mere Camp on Winnecook Lake at Unity. The 
attractive little booklet with pictures of the camp and 
its surroundings which the Orient recently received, 
causes us a thrill of envy for the lucky boys who will 
be privileged to spend their vacations there. Nothing 
will be left undone for the comfort and happiness of 
the boys, and he must be indeed a hopeless case who 
does not return to school fresh and invigorated. 


McCobb, '05, has returned to college. 

The "shirt waist" man is much in evidence. 

Mr. Dyer gave an examination in Greek 7, 
May 22. 

Judge Symonds of Portland was on the campus 

A number of the students went in bathing at 
Simpson's Point, Saturday. 

Professor Mitchell gave adjourns in elocution, 
Thursday, on account of the debate. 

The walks have been trimmed during the past 
week, and present a very neat appearance. 

All students desirous of retaining their rooms 
for next year must sign in for them before June 6. 

The Sophomores carried off the honors in the 
Bates interclass games held on Garcelon Field, 
May 23. 

Leon V. Walker, '03, left last week for a month's 
trip in the West as private tutor to Governor Hill's 

Harris, '03, has gone into the woods for a trip of 
several weeks with Austin Cary, '87, Forester for the 
Berlin Lumber Mills Co. 

The History Club met with Robinson, May 20. 
Discussion was on the Japanese question, the even- 
ing being opened by a paper by Coffin. 

F. E. Hoyt, ex-'02, was on the campus Wednes- 
day. Ned would be a great help to the infield of the 
'varsity nine, if he were only with us now. 

The following commencement speakers from the 
Class of 1902 have been announced : Benson, 
Cousens, Gross. E. R. Kelley, Stone, Walker. 

A number of the students witnessed the presenta- 
tion of "Niobe," in the town hall, Friday evening. 
Woodbury, '03, Webber, '03, and S. Williams, '05, 
took part. 

W. I. Cole, '81, has been invited to write an arti- 
cle on Bowdoin College, for the Review of Reviews, 
and has accepted. It will probably appear in the 
June number. 

T. V. Uniac, Dartmouth, '04, who contemplated 
entering Bowdoin last winter, has been released by 
the Concord base-ball team for whom he has been 
playing second base. 

A very good cut of Dr. George L. Lewis, father 
of George Lewis, '01, was in a recent issue'of the 
Boston Globe. The degree of Doctor of Divinity 
was conferred on Dr. Lewis by Bowdoin in '94. 

The usual number of students did not accompany 
the team to Lewiston Saturday, for, they say, "that 
when the entire student body goes the team is sure 
to meet defeat." But alas ! the spell was not broken. 

The first annual field meet of Brunswick, Bath 
and Bowdoinham High Schools was held Saturday 
afternoon at Whittier Field and the meet resulted 
in a victory for Brunswick, with 60 points. Bath 
High had 28 points and Bowdoinham High I. 

The three B's attracted a large and appreciative 
crowd of spectators at their triangular meet held on 
Whittier Field, Saturday. The other high school 



teams will have to hustle to beat Brunswick and 
Bath in the interscholastic meet next Saturday. 

The German Band which entertained the students 
Wednesday morning, with its sweet discourse 
of music, was utilized to a good advantage in the 
afternoon in the' celebration of the victory over 

The German band at the University of Maine 
game had all the nickels and dimes they could carry, 
as a result of the .collection taken, after playing 
"Phi Chi" to a crowd elated with the unexpected 
victory of its team over the strongest team in the 

The game between Bates and Bowdoin last Sat- 
urday was a benefit game for the Bates Athletic 
Association, in order to raise a part of its debt of 
one thousand dollars. The city was canvassed with 
tickets, and a large crowd turned out to the game, 
in spite of the forbidding weather. 

An interesting instance of intercollegiate good- 
will was to be seen on Wednesday of last week, when 
in the procession which formed itself under the 
leadership of the German band, after the victory 
over University of Maine, Manager Wall of the 
Bates base-ball team marched arm-in-arm with 
Manager John Mitchell of the Bowdoin track team. 

The collection of spears, armor, and other objects 
of anthropological interest from Milanesia, loaned by 
Hon. Harold M. Sewall, which was removed from 
the Art Building some time ago, may be seen in the 
Museum of the Science Building. The collection 
was placed there in order that ready comparison 
might be made with the collections from South 
America already there. 

Numerous copies of Rev. David L. Yale's address 
delivered at the Central Congregational Church. 
Bath, Sunday evening, May 18, are floating about the 
campus and being read with great interest. Opinion 
at college is divided, as it is wherever the master is 
discussed. Probably the tendency is in favor of Mr. 
Yale, because of his personal popularity with the 
students, though many who admire him think he 
acted injudiciously, whatever the provocation, in 
assailing so publicly a man in the position of Mr. 

Professor John S. Sewall, D.D., for the past 28 
years the occupant of the chair of sacred rhetoric, 
homiletics, pastoral theology and sociology, in the 
Bangor Theological Seminary, has handed his resig- 
nation to the trustees of the institution, to take 
effect a year from the present June. Previous to 
his going to Bangor he was professor of literature 
and rhetoric at Bowdoin, prior to which he was chap- 
lain in the United States Navy. At the annual meet- 
ing of the trustees of the seminary held Monday 
evening, May 19, Professor Chapman was elected 

'89. — Professor Emerson L. Adams, principal of 
the New Salem (Mass.) Academy, has been chosen 
district superintendent of schools for Dana, Green- 
wich, New Salem, and Prescott, Mass., and will 
perform the duties of the position in connection with 
his present work. There are twenty schools in this 
district, and the salary will be about $800. 



A punting cup was presented by the Auburn and 
Lewiston alumni and friends of the college in the 
fall of igoo, to the foot-ball association of the col- 
lege for the purpose of increasing the interest and 
proficiency in punting at Bowdoin, and in the hope 
of producing some good punters for the foot-ball 

The cup was presented unconditionally in order 
to allow the association to make conditions to suit 
themselves. In accordance with that plan the asso- 
ciation has made the following rules governing a 
punting contest : 

The annual punting contest shall be held on the 
last Friday of May. 

All entries shall be made to the manager of the 
foot-ball team as early as the Monday preceding 
the contest or they shall not be allo'wed. 

The winner shall be decided by three judges 
selected by the captain and manager of the foot- 
ball team. 

Each contestant shall be allowed three trial punts, 
and the three making the longest punts shall be three more, but the longest punt obtained, 
whether in trials or finals, shall decide the winner. 

All contestants shall be allowed an unlimited run, 
but shall be obliged to punt from behind an arc of a 
circle. All distances shall be measured from where 
the ball first touches the ground to the point in the 
arc nearest it, the contest being similar to a shot- 
putting contest. 

All matters not decided here shall be decided by 
a majority of the judges. 

Bowdoin 5, U. of M. 3. 

At last Bowdoin broke the spell under which it 
seemed to have labored for the last three weeks and 
on its own grounds defeated U. of M. by the score of 
five to three. The game was a closely fought and 
very interesting one from start to finish. Nevers was 
with Bowdoin again at his old position on first, and 
undoubtedly his presence cheered the team up 
greatly. Oakes was in the box and did fine work, 
striking out eleven men and keeping U. of M.'s seven 
hits well scattered. 

Maine started the run -getting in the second, 
when Mitchell hit to White and on his wild throw to 
first managed to reach second. He was advanced to 
third on a grounder by Violette and scored on a fly 
to left by Collins. Towse, the next man up, struck 
out and retired the side. Then Bowdoin began to 
hit and pounded out its five runs all in this inning. 
Havey led off with a two-bagger and Kelley fol- 
lowed with a grounder to second which Carr fum- 
bled. Havey tried to score, but w,as caught at the 
plate while Kelley took second. Munro then got his 
base on an error and stole second, and Bly got hit 
by a pitched ball, thus filling the bases. Oakes and 
White both got hits which brought in three runs and 
scored themselves on an error by Larrabee. 

In the third Maine scored once more on three 
straight hits, and, in fact, would have got two runs 
had not Havey caught a man at home on a beautiful 



throw in from the field. Maine scored again in the 
sixth and it looked as if she might do so again in the 
seventh, when with men on second and third Can- 
came to the bat. Carr had already got three hits out 
of three times at bat and evidently expected another. 
The first three balls pitched went wide of the plate, 
but then Oakes took a brace and struck him out, 
* easily and prettily. In the eighth and ninth innings 
U. of M.'s men went out in one, two, three order, 
and the game was Bowdoin's. 
The summary : 


ab r bh po a e 

White, 3b 4 1 1 1 2 1 

Nevers, ib 3 o 7 1 o 

Stanwood, cf 3 o 1 

Greene, c 4 o 14 o 

Havey, ss 4 o 1 o 3 

Kelley, rf 4 1 2 2 o 2 

Munro, If 3 1 1 3 o 

Bly, 2b 3 1 1 o 2 

Oakes, p 4 1 2 o 3 1 

32 5 8 27 12 4 
U. of M. 


Holmes, cf 4 I 1 3 o o 

Larrabee, ss 4 o 1 2 2 1 

Carr, 2b 4 o 3 3 2 1 

Davis, 3b 4 1 1 o 2 1 

Mitchell, l.f. and p 4 1 o 1 I 

Violette, c 4 3 1 o 

Collins, lb 4 o o 8 o 1 

Towse, rf 3 o 1 3 1 o 

Mosher, p 2 o o 2 o 

Chadbourne, If 2 o o 1 o o 



Score by Innings. 


U. of M o 1 1 o o 1 o o o — 3 

Bowdoin o 5 o o o o x — 5 

Stolen bases — Greene, Munro (2), Holmes, 
Davis (2), Mitchell (3). Two-base hits — Havey, 
Carr. Double play — Towse, Violette. Bases on 
balls — By Oakes I, by Mosher 3. Hit by pitched 
ball— Bly. Struck out— By Oakes II, by Mitchell 1. 
Passed balls — Greene, • Violette. Sacrifice — Stan- 
wood. Time — 1 hour 45 minutes. Attendance — 500. 
Umpire — McGovern. 

Bates 6, Bowdoin 3. 

Bates won its second game from Bowdoin last 
Saturday in a much more interesting contest than the 
first one. The grounds were in wretched shape 
again owing to the heavy rain of the night before 
and that morning, and were covered with a coating 
of mud and slime at least three inches thick. Oakes 
started in to pitch for Bowdoin, but the box was so 
slippery that he was unable to do his best work for 
fear of hurting himself again, and in the fourth, 
inning Lewis took his place, Oakes going to center 
field, where he took everything that came his way. 

In the second inning Bates got an earned run on 
a three-bagger by Bucknam and a single by Parsons. 
Bowdoin then took the lead in the first of the third 

by scoring two runs, which Bates in her half followed 
up by three more earned runs. Here the score 
stayed. Bates 4, Bowdoin 2, until the eighth inning 
when Bowdoin scored another run on a base on balls 
and a two-bagger by Kelley. Bates went this also, 
however, one better by scoring twice in her half of 
the inning on errors by Bly and Kelley and three 
hits. Bowdoin was unable to score in the ninth. 

One of the noticeable things about the game was 
the number of men Bowdoin got out on bases. In 
the fifth, Oakes caught a man trying to steal home 
on a throw from center and Greene doubled the play 
by catching a man at third. In the same inning 
Kelley caught a man at home, and in the eighth Bly 
did the same when with three men on bases Daicey 
was forced home. 

The features of the game were a difficult catch 
by Moody and the heavy hitting of Bates, who got 
fifteen hits with a total of twenty. 

The summary : 


ab e bh po a e 

Dean, ib 5 o o 11 1 o 

Clason, 2b 5 I 3 1 3 1 

Allen, ss 5 I 2 2 3 o 

Stone, c 4 1 1 7 o o 

Bucknam, If 4 1 3 o 1 1 

Moody, cf 3 1 I 4 o o 

Daicey, rf 4 o o 

Parsons, 3b 4 I 4 1 o 

Towne, p 2 1 I 3 o 

36 6 15 27 11 2 


ab e bh po a f. 

White, 3b 4 1 o 1 1 

Stanwood, cf. and rf.... 4 o o 2 o 1 

Greene, c 3 o 1 5 2 

Havey, ss 3 .1 1 1 1 

Kelley, If 3 o 2 2 1 1 

Munro, ib 400700 

Bly, 2b 3 o o 1 1 2 

Shaughnessy, rf. and cf. . 1 o o 1 o o 

Lewis, "p 2 o o o o 

31 3 5 24 11 4 

Score by Innings. 


Bowdoin o o 2 o o 1 — 3 

Bates o 1 3 o o 2 x — 6 

Two-base hits — Kelley, Stone. Three-base hits — 
Allen, Bucknam. Double plays — Oakes, Greene, 
White; Allen, Dean. Bases on balls — By Towne 2. 
Struck out — By Oakes 2, by Towne 6. Sacrifice 
hits — Moody, Towne (2). Time — 1 Hour 20 min- 
utes. Attendance — 800. Umpire — Carrigan. 

Bowdoin Second was defeated by Bridgton Acad- 
emy at Bridgton, May 21, by a score of 15 to 8. 

The summary : 


ab e bh po a e 

McDaniel, c 5 2 2 14 o 

Smith, ss 4 3 1 o 1 

Willard, ib 4 I 3 13 o o 

Foster, If 6 1 3 o 2 

Foley, cf 4 2 2 o 



Night, 2b 5 

Clemons, p 4 

McLaughlin, rf 5 

Bridgham, 3b 4 

41 15 13 27 o 5 

Bowdoin Second. 

ab r bh po a e 

Martin, 2b 5 I 2 3 2 o 

W. Gould, 3b 4 1 o 1 o 1 

Day, c 5 1 2 11 o o 

Allen, rf 5 1 1 1 o o 

Tucker, lb 5 1 2 8 o o 

Conners, ss o 1 o I o 2 

Stewart, If 5 1 I 1 2 2 

Houghton, cf S 1 2 o 1 

Rolfe, p., Stewart, p.... 5 o 2 1 9 o 

39 8 12 27 13 6 

Score by Innings. 

Bridgton Academy.. 01422 I' 23 o — 15 
Bowdoin Second.... 00113001 2 — 8 
Two-base hits — Bridgton 1, Bowdoin Second 2. 
Three-base hits — Bridgton 2, Bowdoin Second I. 
Stolen bases — Bridgton 4, Bowdoin Second 5. Base 
on balls — By Clemons 5, by Rolfe 7. Struck out — 
By Clemons 14, by Rolfe 9. Hit by pitched ball — 
Bridgton 2. Home runs — Bridgton 1. Passed 
balls — Bridgton I, Bowdoin Second 1. Wild 
pitches — Bridgton 1, Bowdoin Second I. Double 
plays — Bridgton I, Bowdoin Second I. Umpire — ■ 
Hill. Time — 1 hour 40 minutes. 

Bowdoin 15, U. V. M. 5. 

Bowdoin and the University of Vermont played 
a dual tournament here last week, Tuesday, Wednes- 
day, and Thursday, which was in return for the 
tournament played at Burlington in 1899. That 
match was a tie, each side scoring ten points, but 
this time Bowdoin won easily. Before coming down 
here the Vermont team had quite easily defeated 
Dartmouth by the score of thirteen to seven, so that a 
very exciting tournament was expected here. The 
matches were all interesting, but Bowdoin clearly had 
the advantage from the very beginning, and the final 
result was not in doubt from the start. 

The first day, Tuesday, was devoted to doubles 
and each side won two matches. Libby and Paine 
won both their matches very easily, but Dana and 
Pratt were unable to do so, although they fought 
hard and made the Vermont boys work for their 

Wednesday, singles were in order, and then 
Bowdoin put herself far in the lead, losing only one 
match when Miller beat Dana. Thursday, Bracken 
and Miller won their matches with Pratt and scored 
two more points for Vermont. This was all Ver- 
mont succeeded in getting, however, as the other 
Bowdoin men beat all their opponents. 

One noticeable thing about the tournament, and 
one of which every Bowdoin man should feel proud, 
is that in both singles and doubles neither Paine nor 
Libby lost a single set. This is quite a remarkable 

record and ought to augur well for their chances 
next season if they play together again. 

The score of the tournament in detail was as fol- 
lows : 

Tuesday a.m. 

Libby and Paine beat Miller and Hutchinson, 
6-0, 6-4. 

Brackett and Wallace beat Dana and Pratt, 6-4, 
1-6, 6-4. 

Tuesday p.m. 

Libby and Paine beat Brackett and Wallace, 6-2, 

Miller and Hutchinson beat Dana and Pratt, 6-4, 
5-7, 6-4. 

Wednesday a.m. 

Paine beat Miller, 6-4, 6-4. 
Libby beat Hutchinson, 6-4, 6-2. 
Pratt beat Wallace, 4-6. 6-4, 10-8. 
Dana beat Brackett, 6-3, 6-1. 

Wednesday p.m. 
Paine beat Wallace, 6-0, 6-4. 
Libby beat Brackett, 6-4, 6-1. 
Miller beat Dana, 6-3, 7-5. 
Pratt beat Hutchinson, 5-7, 6-4, 6-4. 

Thursday a.m. 
Paine beat Hutchinson, 6-4, 6-4. 
Libby beat Miller, 6-1, 9-7. 
Dana beat Wallace, 6-4, 6-3. 
Brackett beat Pratt, 6-4, 6-4. 

Thursday p.m. 
Libby beat Wallace, 6-1, 6-3. 
Paine beat Brackett, 6-2, 6-2. 
Dana beat Hutchinson, 6-4, 6-4. 
Miller beat Pratt, 6-0, 6-3. 


The sixteenth annual championship meet of the 
New England Intercollegiate Athletic Association 
was held in Worcester Friday and Saturday after- 
noons, May 23 and 24. Amherst proved an easy win- 
ner with Dartmouth a good second. The score in 
points was as follows : Amherst 36, Dartmouth 28^2, 
Brown 19, M. I. T. 16, Williams 15, Bowdoin 9, U. 
of M. 6, Trinity 5, 1 /. Bowdoin's team made a fairly 
good showing although handicapped by the loss of 
Hunt, who was unable to enter any of the races, 
because of the injury received at the Maine meet. 

The most notable performances of the meet were 
the creating of new records in the discus throw, 
running broad jump, 16-pound hammer, 16-pound 
shot and 880 yards run. 

Denning threw the hammer 134 ft. 2 s /> in,, F. C. 
Ingalls, Trinity, being the holder of the best pre- 
vious mark, 126 ft. loj/ in. made May 20, 1899. 

The shot was the fourth field event to be pushed 
up, Rollins of Amherst doing 42 ft. 6% in. in the 
trials, which he failed to improve in the finals. 
McDonald, M. I. T., held the record, 39 ft. 11 in., 
made May 18, last year. • 

The only track event to be wiped out was the 
880-yard run. which Baker, M. I. T., formerly the 
western collegiate champion, clipped from 2m., held 
In I lave Hali, to 1111. 59s. 

The old mark for the discus was held by Groves of 



the U. of M., 108 ft. 8 in., made May 19, 1900. This 
was pushed up to 116 ft. by Watson of the same col- 
lege. Van Welden cleared 22 ft. 5% in. in the run- 
ning broad jump as compared with 22 ft. 4 in. made 
by H. H. Cloudman, Bowdoin, May 18, last year. 

Nutter ran a plucky race in the half-mile, but 
was unable to get better than a third. In the quarter, 
Gray, who was almost sure of place, was fouled 
repeatedly and was forced to drop out of the race. 

Bowdoin again lost a chance of a place in the 
high jump, when Clark was compelled to begin his 
trials at 5 ft. &/i in. The fault was that of the 
officials who failed to give the necessary calls. In 
the distance runs, Bowdoin had little show. 

The summary : 

100-yard dash — First heat won by J. F. O'Neill, 
Williams ; D. L. Jackson, Dartmouth, second ; time, 
10 3-5S. Second heat won by L. S. Hawkins, 
Amherst; W. B. Boggs, M. I. T., second; time, 10 
3-5S. Third heat won by W. D. Eaton, Amherst ; G. 

D. Rankin, Trinity, second ; time, 10 2-5S. Fourth 
heat won by T. P. Hubbard, Dartmouth ; H. L. Gut- 
terson, Williams, second; time, 10 3-5S. Final heat 
won by W. D. Eaton, Amherst ; T. P. Hubbard, 
Dartmouth, second; H. L. Gutterson, Williams, third: 
time, 10 1-5S. 

Mile run— Won by H. S. Baker, M. I. T. ; F. L. 
Doughty, Brown, second ; C. W. Bean, Amherst, 
third. Time, 4m. 30 3-5S. 

220-yard dash — First semi-final won by H. E. 
Smith, Dartmouth ; J. F. O'Neill, Williams, second ; 
time, 23 1-5S. Second semi-final won by W. D. 
Eaton, Amherst ; G. K. Pattee, Dartmouth, second ; 
time, 23 3-5S. Final heat won by W. D. Eaton, 
Amherst ; H. E. Smith, Dartmouth, second ; 
G. K. Pattee, Dartmouth, third ; time, 22 2-5S. 

220-yard hurdle — First semi-final won by P. P. 
Edson, Dartmouth; Rowe, Bowdoin, second; time. 
27s. Second semi-final won by R. W. Neal, Dart- 
mouth; R. S. Edwards, second; time, 26 4-5S. Final 
heat won by P. P. Edson, Dartmouth : R. W. Neal, 
Dartmouth, second; R. S. Edwards, M. I. T., third; 
time, 26 3-5S. 

880-yard run— Won by H. S. Baker, M. I. T. ; H. 

E. Taylor, Amherst, second ; Nutter, Bowdoin, third ; 
time, im. 59s. 

120-yard hurdles — First semi-final, won by P. P. 
Edson, Dartmouth ; E. W. Lewis, Williams, second ; 
time, 16 1-5S. Second semi-final, won by L. G. 
Blackmer, Williams ; E. S. Wilson, Amherst, sec- 
ond ; time, 16s. Final heat, won by E. S. Wilson. 
Amherst; P. P. Edson, Dartmouth, second; E. V. 
Lewis, Williams, third ; time, 16s. 

440-yard run — Won by F. L. Thompson, Amherst ; 
H. E. Smith, Dartmouth, second ; H. G. Halleck, 
third. Time, 51 1-5?. 

Two.-mile bicycle race — First heat, won by H. E. 
Brown, Brown ; H. E. Van Surdam, Wesleyan, 
second ; D. Ward, Williams, third ; time, 5m. 36 i-ss. 
Second heat, won by A. A. Denico, Brown; A. E. 
Davenport, U. of M., second ; G. C. Appell, Williams, 
third ; time, 5m. 10 1-5S. Third heat, won by E. F. 
Marsh, Williams ; G. B. Francis, Brown, second ; F. 
B. Riley, M. I. T., third; time, "5m. 24 1-5S. Final 
heat, won by A. A. Denico, Brown; H. E. Brown, 
Brown, second ; G B. Francis, Brown, third ; time, 
5m. 7 i-5s. 

Two-mile run — Won by F. L. Doughty, Brown ; 

C. A. Campbell, Dartmouth, second ; R. W. Handy, 
Brown, third. Time, 10m. 12s. 

Running high jump — L. G. Blackmer, Williams, 
and R. H. Ernst, Williams, tied at 5 ft. 7}iin. for 
first H. E. Smith, Dartmouth, and H. C. Van Wel- 
den, Trinity, tied for third at 5 ft. 654 in. 

Putting 16-pound shot — Won by R. E. Rollins, 
Amherst, 42 ft. 6J4 in. (new record) ; Denning, Bow- 
doin, second, 39 ft. 4 in. ; J. W. Park, Amherst, third, 
39 ft. 3% in. 

Throwing 16-pound hammer — Won by Denning, 
Bowdoin, 134 ft. 2j4 in. (new record) ; G. W. Pat- 
terson, Dartmouth, second, 123 ft. 6 in. ; W. G. 
Elliott, U. of M., third, 121 ft. yi in. 

Running broad jump — Won by H. C. Van Wel- 
den, Trinity, 22 ft. $% in. .' L. G. Blackmer, Williams, 
second, 21 ft. nj4 in.; A. T. Foster, Amherst, third, 
21 ft. g l / 2 in. 

Throwing the discus — Won by A. M. Watson, U. 
of M., 116 ft. (new record) ; J. W. Park, Amherst, 
second, no ft. i l / 2 in.; F. Chinke, Brown, third, 
no ft. 

Pole vault— Won by G. A. Curtis, M. I. T., 10 ft. 
8 in. ; R. S. Phillips and W. Squires, Williams, tied 
for second and third at 10 ft. 4J4 in. 


Senator William P. Frye, '50, has presented the 
Patten free library with a large collection of public 
documents dealing mostly with events leading up to 
the Civil War. 

'97 M. — Dr. D. J. O'Brien, Med. '97, acting house 
physician and surgeon in the leading hospitals of 
New York City for the past five years, has returned 
to his home in Portland. 

'77. — Charles W. Morse of New York has offered 
the city of Bath a $50,000 High School Building 
to be placed on a lot recently purchased on High 

The following Bowdoin men are among the 
Memorial Day orators who speak in Maine this 
year : 

Gen. Joshua L. Chamberlain, '52, of Brunswick, 
at New Gloucester. 

Hon. Enoch Foster, '64, of Portland, at Farm- 

Hon. George M. Seiders, '72, of Portland, at 

Hon.. H. M. Heath, '72, of Augusta, at Searsport. 

Hon. Tascus Atwood, '76, of Auburn, at Buck- 

Professor A. E. Rogers, '76, of Orono, at Machias. 

Rev. E. M. Cousins, '77, of Thomaston, at Thom- 

Hon. G. G. Weeks, '82, of Fairfield, at Fairfield. 

Dr. William J. Maybury, M. '86, of Saco, at 

K. T. Powers, Esq., '91, of Fort Fairfield, at 

H. E. Holmes, Esq., '95, of Lewiston, at Bry- 
ant's Pond. 

Rev. H. E. Dunnack, '97, of Augusta, at Hallo- 

F. G. Kneeland, Esq., '97, of Bridgton, at Lovell. 


Vol. XXXII. 


No. 7. 





Clement F. Robinson, 1903, Editor-in-Chief. 

Farnsworth G. Marshall, 1903, Business Manager. 

William T. Eowe, 1904, Assistant Editor-in-Chief. 
Harold J. Everett, 1901, Assistant Business Manager. 

Associate Editors. 

S. C. W. Simpson, 1903. S. T. Dana, 1904. 

B. S. Viles, 1903. E. H. R. Burroughs, 1905. 

G. C. Purington, Jr., 1904. W. F. Finn, Jr., 1905. 
W. S. Cushing, 1905. 

Per annum, in advance, 
Per Copy, 

. $2.00. 
10 Cents. 

Please address business communications to the Business 
Manager, and all other contributions to the Editor-in-Chief. 

Entered at the Post-OHee at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 
Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston. 

1904 should elect its Bugle editors at 
once, as a large part of the work of editing 
the annual should be done before September. 

It may not generally be known that the 
excused absences from recitations are posted 
in the Registrar's room as fast as they are 
passed upon. It would be well if those who 
have many absences would examine this list 
at intervals, and thus avoid dissatisfaction 
when the rank is made out at the end of the 

What was the trouble with the chapel bell, 
after the last Colby game? This is the second 
time that a victory over Colby has been fol- 
lowed by failure to ring the chapel bell, and 
yet both victories were surely worth that 

simple celebration. The Colby teamthisyear is 
composed of almost precisely the same men as 
the team which won the championship of the 
State last year, and our team has had to play 
good ball both times in order to beat them. 
Our team has had hard luck this year and 
chances to celebrate have not been any too 
frequent, so the next time we win a victory 
let us ring the chapel bell loud and long, 
whether or not victory was regarded before 
the game as a sure thing. 

One of the chief objects of pride on our 
campus has come to be the many little squir- 
rels, which harmlessly chatter about, almost 
tamed by their immunity from human harm. 
The depredations of a cat which catches three 
and four of them in one day, can only be 
viewed with displeasure by the whole student- 
body. And though it seems a trivial matter 
on which to base an editorial, the Orient 
would impress it on the owners of such cats 
that this sentimental feeling of the students 
for the squirrels cannot be trifled with, with- 
out punishment coming in due time on the 
cats which cause the trouble. 

Ivy Day, June 13, opens this year, as usual, 
with a base-ball game with Bates on the Whit- 
tier Athletic Field at ten o'clock. Last year 
marked the breaking of the hoodoo connected 
with this game, and the whole student body 
should turn out with their friends to encour- 
age the team to duplicate the feat this year. 
In the afternoon the regular Ivy Day exer- 
cises occur at 2.30 in Memorial Hall. Fol- 
lowing the planting of the ivy comes Seniors' 
Last Chapel. Then from five to six a tea will 
be given by the committee to the Class of 1903 



and its friends at the house of Mr. and Mrs. 
Dennis, 72 Federal Street. All college men 
who have friends in town for the day will be 
welcome. In the evening comes the regular 
Ivy Hop in Memorial, which will begin at 
nine sharp. The order of the dances will be 
given out some time next Monday, the exact 
time and place to be announced on the bulle- 
tin-board this week. Wilson's Orchestra of 
Portland will furnish the music for the day. 
The program for the whole day is as fol- 
lows : 

Ball game, Bowdoin vs. Bates, at 10 a.m. 


Prayer. D. E. McCormick. 

Oration. H. L. Webber 

Poem. G. H. Stover. 



Planting of the Ivy. 

Seniors' Last Chapel. 

Class Tea, 5 to 6. 

Ivy Hop at 9. 


In this century nothing can stand still and 
grow. It must improve or it will die. For 
this reason Bowdoin must have a larger dele- 
gation at Northfield than ever before. Our 
Young Men's Christian Association is not 
taking its proper place in the affairs of the 
college ; its influence is by no means what it 
should be. Now here is an opportunity for 
the fellows to gain new ideas for the coming 
year, and to gain new strength for their work. 
Yale sends, each year, over 100 men. Har- 
vard plans to send 100 this year. If these 
colleges with strong associations need large 
delegations, how much more does Bowdoin. 

The conference opens Friday, June 27, 
and closes Sunday, July 6. It comes at a 
time when it need not interfere with vacation 
plans. It is not a gathering of stuck-up, self- 
righteous men ; it is a collection of the best 
type of American college fellows, strong in 

body, strong in mind, and strong in spirit. 
The conference meetings are held in the 
mornings and evenings, and the afternoons are 
entirely devoted to recreation of all sorts. 
There is a base-ball tournament, tennis tourna- 
ment, golf tournament, and track meet. In 
short, Northfield is a college of colleges, all 
the best phases of college life condensed into 
ten days. The list of speakers for the coming 
conference includes John R. Mott, Robert E. 
Speer, Rev. G. Campbell-Morgan, and Rev. 
Charles W. Gordon, author of the "The Sky 
Pilot." Surely no Bowdoin man can afford 
to miss such an opportunity to come in touch 
with the best college men in the country, to 
get a broader view of the reality of Christian- 
ity, and to get new ideas for our work at 

The annual convention of the New 
England Intercollegiate Press Association 
took place at the Copley Square Hotel, May 
26, and was very enjoyable and profitable. 
Representatives from nearly all of the dozen 
or more colleges which belong to the asso- 
ciation, were present. In the afternoon 
the following papers were read and 
thoroughly discussed : "How to Interest 
Freshmen in the College Paper," Miss Helene 
Buhlert of the 'Wellesley Monthly; "The 
Trials of the Business Manager," W. P. Law- 
ler, of the Holy Cross Purple; "Literary 
Merit of College Prose and Poetry," Clement 
F. Robinson of the Bowdoin Orient; "The 
Current College News Column," Albert W. 
Atwood of the Amherst Student; "Humor in 
the College Paper," W. H. Leary of the 
Amherst Literary Monthly. The discussion 
of papers was followed by the annual business 
meeting at which the vice-president, Miss 
Beth B. Gilchrist of the Mount Holyoke 
Monthly, presided, in the absence of the pres- 
ident, George E. Fogg, of the Bowdoin Quill. 
The following officers were elected for the 
ensuing year : President, L. Loren Palmer, 



Wesleyan ; vice-president, Miss Grace 
McGovern, Mount Holyoke; secretary and 
treasurer, Clement F. Robinson, Bowdoin; 
fourth member executive committee, A. W. 
Atwood, Amherst. 

In the evening came the annual banquet at 
which nineteen were present. Patrick F. 
Doyle of Holy Cross was toast-master. 

Bowdoin was represented at the conven- 
tion by Robinson and Dole of the Orient, 
Houghton of the Quill, and Walker, '02, of 
the Intercollegiate News. 


June 7 — Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. Harvard at Cam- 
Second vs. Farmington High at Farming- 
June 11 — Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. Colby at Waterville. 
June 13 — Ivy Day. 

Base-ball, 'Varsity vs. Bates at Bruns- 
June 13-14 — Entrance Examination at Preparatory 



The next issue of the Orient, the annual Ivy 
Day number, appears during examination week. 
Extra copies may be ordered in advance, of the 
Business Manager. The chief parts will as usual 
be given in full. 

Smith, '04, is teaching at Hampden Academy. 

Burpee, '04, visited his sister at Mt. Holyoke last 

The "yaggers" have apparently monopolized the 

Leatherbarrow, '04, who is working in Portland, 
was on the campus Sunday. 

Howard E. Smith, '05, has been elected captain 
of the Dartmouth Track Team. 

Mosquitoes have been out in full force the past 
week and are proving very annoying. 

Dennison, '95, of Vinalhaven, and Sargent, '98, 
of Brewer, were on the campus last week. 

The University of Maine battalion acted as escort 
to Rear Admiral Schley Memorial Day, at Bangor. 

Pierce. '03, and Ridlon, '03, have gone to Ports- 
mouth, N. H, where they are employed on the 
electric cars. 

N. L. Perkins, '03, has left college for the rest 
of the term. 

Regular Jury Meeting last Monday evening. 
Nothing done. 

Smith, '96, spent several days with friends in 
Brunswick this week. 

Merrymeeting Park was opened Decoration Day 
for the rest of the season. 

John P. Bass, 1900, and "Hans" Walker, '01, 
were on the campus, Sunday. 

Professor Chapman spoke on the "Responsibility 
of Man" at chapel Sunday afternoon. 

Coffin, '03, umpired a game between Hebron and 
Bridgton Academies, Saturday afternoon. 

A number of the students spent Memorial Day 
at the Nickerson cottage on Birch Island. 

1900 has a "class baby," — a boy, the son of Fred 
W. Ward of Cherryfield, born several weeks ago. 

The Freshmen are making great preparations for 
their banquet, and aim to make this centennial affair 
a record-breaker. 

Rev. Medville McLaughlin, formerly of Bruns- 
wick, a friend of many Bowdoin men, was in town, 
several days last week. 

Prof. A. W. Anthony of Lewiston, well known at. 
Bowdoin, received a cash prize of $1,000 in a recent 
prize-story contest for the "Black Cat." 

Fishing trips seem to be quite popular among 
the students, and many pleasant fishing parties have 
been formed during the past few weeks. 

Edwin Reed, '58, has presented to the library two 
new books written by himself: "Bacon and Shakes- 
peare," and "Francis Bacon and Shakespeare." 

A number of students will realize the old say- 
ing, that "procrastination is the thief of time," with. 
the final examinations only two weeks ahead. 

Juniors desiring Ivy invitations can have them 
of Lawrence, '03, all others can obtain them of 
Abbott, '03, Bradstreet, '03, and Lawrence, '03. 

The special examination for the Class of 1875 
Prize in American History took place Monday 
afternoon, June 2. Five competitors took part. 

It is officially announced that the attendance at 
the coming commencement will be larger even than 
at the Hundredth Anniversary of Incorporation, in 

The first band concert of the season at Merry- 
meeting Park was given on Sunday by the Bath. 
Band. Many of the college fellows were in attend- 

A number of students attended the Memorial ser- 
vices in the town hall, Friday evening, May 30. 
Hon. W. B. Skelton of Lewiston was the orator of 
the evening. 

We should judge from the newspapers the past 
week that Tom Reed, '60, utilized his yellow grip- 
sack for something else other than carrying his 
wearing apparel. 

Edward H. Robinson, for several seasons 
Phillips-Exeter's base-ball coach and also a foot- 
ball coach at Brown University, has been engaged 
to coach the University of Maine's foot-ball eleven 
next fall. Mr. Robinson coached the Bowdoin base- 
ball team in the spring of 1900. 



President Booker T. Washington of the Tuske- 
gee Institute, and Prof. Josiah Royce of Harvard 
are to be among the speakers at the University of 
Iowa commencement. 

One of the new Library Building employes came 
down with small-pox, Saturday. The crew was 
vaccinated at once, and work is going on as usual, 
with no signs of further cases. 

Prof. Ira N. Hollis of Harvard, together with 
a number of students, spent Thursday in Bath, where 
they inspected the plant of the Bath Iron Works. 
During the afternoon a few of the students visited 
the campus. 

Every Bowdoin student should read the article 
on Bowdoin College in the last Review of Reviews, 
entitled "A Century of Service." It was written by 
W. I. Cole, '81, is illustrated with half-tones, and is 
quite full and satisfactory. 

Harvey D. Gibson, '02, has left college to accept 
a position with the banking department of the 
American Express Company, in Boston. Mr. Gib- 
son will return to college for examinations, and 
will graduate with his class. 

University of Maine had made all the arrange- 
ments for a grand celebration, May 21, of the win- 
ning of the State Meet and of the base-ball game at 
Brunswick. The unexpected loss of the latter damp- 
ened enthusiasm, and no celebration at all took place. 

Brunswick High School was reported in the 
papers as having challenged Bates College to a dual 
Athletic Meet. Somebody evidently worked a clever 
yarn on the reporters, although it was rather an 
undignified action on the part of the newspapers to 
print the yarn. 

The engagement was announced, Sunday, of Miss 
Marion Webb of Cambridge, Mass., to Harry J. 
Hunt of Bangor, Bowdoin, 1902. 

The Modern Language department of the Maine 
Association of Colleges and Preparatory Schools, 
held its annual meeting at Bates College, Friday and 
Saturday, May 30 and 31. Professor Files and Mr. 
Ham represented the college in the Modern Language 
Society and Professor Mitchell and Mr. Dyer in the 
English and History department. 

Dr. James Clarke White, who has been connected 
with the Harvard Medical School longer than any 
other man, delivered his last lecture before Harvard 
students on Tuesday, and as a souvenir of the 
occasion gave each man a copy of his well known 
book, "Dermittis Venenata." He has been in the 
Harvard Medical School since 1858. 

The admission to the Ivy Day base-ball game 
with Bates will be fifty cents. The increased price 
for the game is justified by the fact that it is the 
last, hardest, and most important game of the 
season, and fifty cents, after all, is the admission 
fee at foot-ball games in Maine and at base-ball 
games at most Massachusetts and New Hampshire 
colleges. A deficit in the base-ball association treas- 
ury* is almost inevitable because of the greatly 
increased expenditures this year for coaching and 
materials, and it is hoped that receipts from the 
game will wipe out enough of this deficit so that 
no second subscription will be necessary. 

The last Faculty meeting made the following 
appointments for next year : Ridlon, '03, bell ringer ; 
Walker, '03, choir leader; Archibald, '04, organist. 
The following appointments for the commencement 
exercises were also made : Marshal on Commence- 
ment Day, E. U. Curtis, '82, of Boston; marshal at 
the special centennial exercises, W. T. Cobb, '77, 
of Rockland. 

The tragic end of Nelson Bond, the Freshman in 
the University of Vermont, who was drowned at Wil- 
cox's dock, Plattsburg, N. Y., Monday, is indeed a 
sad affair. Nelson, who was treasurer of his class, 
was in Plattsburg making arrangements for his class 
banquet, which was to be held that evening, when he 
was set upon by some Sophomores, and in trying to 
escape by jumping into the lake, met his fate. 

It was announced last week that Frank A. Mun- 
sey of New York is to be the Bromley lecturer at 
Yale University in the coming academic year. Two 
years ago the widow of the late Isaac H. Bromley 
founded at Yale University a lectureship in memory 
of her husand. By the terms of the gift the incum- 
bent is to deliver not less than two lectures on some 
topic connected with journalism, literature or public 

A debate in Rhetoric 3 was held in the French 
room, Monday evening, June 2, on the question : 
"Resolved, That England's treatment of the Boers 
is justifiable." The speakers on the affirmative 
were Walker and Bryant, and on the negative Frost 
and Campbell. The vote on the merits of the ques- 
tion showed 23 to 16 in favor of the negative, and 
on the merits of the debating 22 to 10 in favor of 
the negative. 

The last themes of the term will be due June 
10th, for Juniors not taking Political Eeconomy. 


1. The Amherst-Bowdoin Debate. 

2. The New Entrance. 

3. Ought Sheriff Pearson to Be Re-elected? 

4. Has Our Army Been Unnecessarily Severe in 
Its Treatment of the Filipinos ? 

5. Paul Leicester Ford's "Honorable Peter Ster- 

The triangular league, which included Amherst, 
Wesleyan, and Williams College teams, has been dis- 
rupted and all games have been cancelled, the 
Williams Athletic Council having voted to withdraw 
at once. Amherst previously had voted to withdraw 
at the end of the season. The termination of the 
agreement is the result of trouble over protests made 
by Williams and Wesleyan against Kane, the star 
pitcher of the Amherst base-ball team. It was 
alleged that Kane should be barred on the ground 
of professionalism. 

The Class of '92 will celebrate the tenth anni- 
versary of graduation at Brunswick, June 26, Com- 
mencement day. This class graduated forty mem- 
bers. Since graduation this class has lost by death 
four members, as follows : Roy F. Bartlett, Cari- 
bou ; Fred V. Gummer, Brunswick ; Dr. Clinton 
Stacy, Gorham; and Rev. Earl B. Wood, Bangor. 
At the coming reunion the after-dinner exercises 
will include a class history by Professor Everett A. 
Pugsley, of Salmon Falls, N. H., and informal 



The following books have recently been added to 
the library : "Bacon and Shakespeare," and 
■"Francis Bacon Our Shakespeare," by Edwin Reed, 
Bowdoin, '58; "General Catalogue of University of 
Michigan," 1837-1901 ; "Life of Thomas Jefferson," 
by Cornells de Witt; "Historic Politique de la Rev- 
olution Francais," by A. Aulard ; "History of Wood 
Engraving in America," by W. J. Linton; "Van 
Dyck," by E. M. Hurll ; "The Ruling Passion," by 
Harry Van Dyke. 

When Rear Admiral Schley, accompanied by Gov- 
ernor Powers and party, arrived at Brunswick on 
their special car on the way to Bangor, May 29. they 
were greeted with the strains of "Phi Chi" and 
■"Bowdoin Beata." Almost the entire student-body 
turned out to see the Rear Admiral. Although the 
train only stopped for five minutes, the Admiral 
made a speech full of patriotism. He addressed the 
students as the future defenders of the Union, and 
expressed his pleasure in seeing so many at the 
train to bid him welcome to Maine. The students 
applauded, and cheered the Admiral and Governor 
Powers to the echo. 

With a fair day, and fifteen schools fighting for 
every point, the fourth Invitation Interscholastic 
Meet was certainly a success from the view point of 
•competitors and management. But in other ways 
the advice in our last issue was taken to heart, so 
that the meet was perhaps even a greater success, 
from the point of view of the college as a whole. 
Some were fished for fraternities, but many more 
were fished as heartily for Bowdoin itself. And in 
that way was one of the most obvious objects of 
this or any other college's "invitation meets" 
:accomplished. and 1906 and 1907 ought to gain their 
proportion of athletic members. 


Bowdoin ii, Colby 10. 

The m'ost sensational game of the season 
•occurred Wednesday, May 28, when Bowdoin 
•defeated Colby, eleven to ten, overcoming in the last 
two innings an apparently impassable lead. 

The game opened well for Bowdoin and in the 
first she scored one run and ought to have had 
more. Stanwood got a pretty two-base hit and 
■Greene followed with a single, then Saunders grew 
wild and gave two successive bases on balls which 
forced in one run and left the bases full. Then 
was the time for some more runs with only one out 
and three men on bases. The team was not up to it, 
Tiowever, and Munro forced Greene out at home, 
■while Bly went out on a fly to second. 

In the third, Colby started her run-getting, and 
with two bases on balls, one hit, and three errors 
-was able to score four times. In her half of the 
inning Bowdoin scored again, and in the fourth 
Colby got three more runs, thus giving her a sub- 
stantial lead. The next inning Coffin took Lewis' 
place in the box and pitched well for the rest of the 
game. A bad combination of two hits and two 
bases on balls in the sixth gave Colby two more 

runs to which she added another the next inning, so 
that when Bowdoin came to the bat in the last of 
the seventh the score was ten to two against her, a 
hopeless outlook surely. That inning yielded one 
run, but the next twp were the ones that did it. 
Munro led off with a hit which was in quick suc- 
cession followed by others by Bly, Oakes, and Cof- 
fin. White then sent a long liner right into 
Meserve's hands, but Stanwood and Greene both 
got hits and four runs were scored with a good 
prospect of more. A double play, however, put an 
end to that inning. 

The ninth inning was a fitting end to this strange 
climax. The first three men got three bases. Then 
Oakes forced Kelley out at home and Coffin struck 
out, and there were still three men on bases, but 
this time with two out and still no run had been 
scored. Then Saunders became wild and forced in 
two runs by bases on balls. Then Greene placed a 
grounder right in Pugsley's hands. Pugsley hesi- 
tated a moment in throwing it to make sure of his 
aim and in the meanwhile Greene reached first and 
both Oakes and White scored, giving Bowdoin the 
four runs which she needed to win the game. 

The summary : 


ab r bh po a e 

White, 3b 5 2 o 1 4 o 

Stanwood. cf 5 2 3 2 I o 

Greene, c 6 4 5 o 2 

Havey, ss 4 ° I 2 l ° 

Kelley, If 4 ° I 2 ° ° 

Munro, lb 5 2 2 12 I 1 

Bly, 2b 3 2 I 1 4 o 

Oakes, rf 5 2 1 2 o o 

Lewis, p 1 o o o 1 o 

Coffin, p 4 1 2 o 1 o 

42 11 15 27 13 3 


ab r bh po a e 

Palmer, 3b 5 2 3 3 o 2 

Saunders, p 3 I x r 4 ° 

Cowing, c S 23901 

Meserve, cf 4 2 1 1 o o 

Keene, lb 4 ° ° 5 ° ° 

Teague, If 5 o 1 o o o 

Pike, 2b 4 1 2 3 3 o 

Leighton, cf 5 1 2 1 o o 

Pugsley, ss .....4 I ° 3 I ° 

39 10 13 26* 8 3 
*Two out when winning run was made. 

Score by Innings. 


Colby o 4 3 2 1 o— 10 

Bowdoin I o 1 o I 4 4— 11 

Stolen bases — Greene, Kelley, Bly, Cowing, 
Meserve, Leighton. Two-base hits — Stanwood. 
Munro, Coffin, Cowing (2), Leighton. Double 
play — Pike. Pugsley, Greene. Bases on balls — by 
Lewis 4. by Coffin 2. by Saunders 6. Hit by pitched 
ball— Pike. Struck out— by Lewis I, by Coffin 3. 
by Saunders 5. Passed balls — Greene, Cowing. 
Time — 2 hours. Attendance — 250. LTmpire — Car- 



U. of M. 2, Bowdoin I. 

The last game of the season with U. of M. was 
an exhibition game at Bangor, and by winning it 
Maine also won the series of three games. The 
game was the closest and most exciting of the year, 
and the result was in doubt until the last ball was 
pitched. Mitchell was in the box for U. of M. and 
was again very effective, only two men being able 
to hit him safely. Stanwood was the only one who 
refused to be puzzled, getting two singles and a 
home run. McCann's umpiring was not nearly so 
satisfactory as before, and he roasted Bowdoin 
repeatedly, particularly on balls and strikes. Oakes 
pitched well and neither of Maine's runs was 

They got their first run in the fourth when Davis 
reached first on a fumble by Havey, stole second, 
and came in on a hit by Collins, who took second 
on the attempt to catch Davis. Then Mitchell hit 
safely to center and Collins tried to score, but was 
put out at the plate on a beautiful throw by Stan- 
wood right into Greene's hands. Oakes retired the 
side by striking out the next two men. 

The next inning Maine scored its second and last 
run. Violette, the first man up, met the ball for a 
three-base hit and scored on a wild throw to third 
by Havey. 

. Bowdoin had not yet scored, feeling perhaps 
that the Fates were against them and being slightly 
disheartened by a decision of the umpire in the 
fourth when he called Havey out for running out of 
line. It is doubtful if Havey ran out of line at all 
and if he did, it was because in backing up first ran 
directly across his path. The Maine men had not 
kicked at his running and the decision was as much 
of a surprise to them as to everybody else. In the 
eighth, however, Stanwood broke the spell by 
knocking a home run, with no one on base, as luck 
would have it. In the ninth things again looked 
hopeful, though the umpire struck Munro out. 
Oakes reached first on an error by Davis and was 
advanced to second by Mitchell's giving Lewis, who 
struck for Blanchard in this inning, a base on balls. 
Luck was still against us, however, and Bly 
knocked an easy grounder squarely into the short- 
stop's hands, and the result was a double play, 
shutting Bowdoin out. 

The features of the game were the batting of 
Stanwood and Violette. 

The summary: 

U. of M. 


Holmes, cf 4 o o 2 o o 

Larrabee, ss 3 o o o 2 I 

Carr, 2b 3 ° o 3 4 1 

Davis, 3b 4 1 1 o 4 2 

Collins, lb 4 2 9 1 1 

Mitchell, p 4 o 2 o 1 o 

Chadbourne, If 3 o 1 o o 

Thatched, rf .4 o o 1 o o 

Violette, c 4 1 3 11 o 

33 2 9 26* 11 5 
*Havey out for running out of line. 


ab r eh po a e 

Stanwood, cf 4 J 3 1 1 

White, 3b 4 ° 3 2 o 

Greene, c 4 

Kelley, If 4 

Havey, ss 4 

Munro, lb 4 

Oakes, p 4 

Blanchard, rf 2 

Bly, 2b 4 

Lewis 1 


27 IS 

Score by Innings. 


U. of M o o o 1 1 o — 2- 

Bowdoin o o o o o 1 o — 1 

Stolen bases — Carr, Davis, Mitchell. Two-base 
hit — Violette. Three-base hit — Violette. Home: 

run — Stanwood. Double plays Havey, Munro: 

Larrabee, Carr, Collins. Bases on balls — by Oakes 
3, by Mitchell 2. Struck out — by Oakes 7, By- 
Mitchell 9. Passed balls — Greene, Violette. Time — 
1 hour 45 minutes. Attendance — 1,000. Umpire— 


The fourth annual invitation meet, which was 
held on Whittier Field Saturday, May 31, proved a. 
success in every way. Fifteen fitting schools were- 
represented. New records were established in the 
hammer-throwing and discus by Higgins of Kent's 
Hill, and in the 100- and 220-yard dashes by Bates 
of Coburn Classical Institute. Bangor High won the 
meet by a large majority of points. This result is 
interesting, as it proves that the Maine High 
Schools can compete successfully with the Acade- 
mies and Seminaries of the State. Kent's Hill car- 
ried off second place, while Westbrook Seminary and 
Brunswick High won third and fourth places, 
respectively. Points were won by the different 
schools as follows : 

Bangor High, 42 ; Kent's Hill, 21 ; Westbrook 
Seminary, 17; Brunswick, 15; Coburn, 11; Hebron, 
7 1-3; Edward Little, 6; Brewer, 3; Bath, 2j4; 
Waterboro, Lewiston and Bowdoinham did not 

The summary : 

100-yard dash — Won by Bates, Coburn Classical ; 
Porter, Bangor, second ; Potter, Brewer, third. - 
Time — 10 2-5 s. ; new record. 

220-yard dash — Won by Bates, Coburn Classical ; - 
Bailey, Westrook Seminary, second; Porter, Ban- 
gor, third. Time — 22 4-5S. ; new record. 

120-yard hurdles — Won by Adams, Bangor; Wil- 
son, Westbrook Seminary, second; Wildes, Bath, 
third. Time — 18 4-5S. 

440-yard run — Won by Hall, Edward Little; 
Smith, Brunswick, second; Cook, Bangor, third. 
Time — 56 2-5S. 

Mile run — Won by O'Connor, Bangor ; Shorey, 
Brunswick, second ; Norwood, Brewer, third. 
Time — 5m. I 4-5S. 

220-yard- hurdles — Won by Haskell, Hebron; 
Adams, Bangor, second; Walker, Edward Little, 
third. Time — 27 4-5S. 

880-yard run — Won by Manter, Kent's Hill ; . 
Crawford, Bangor, second ; Pullen, Brewer, third, 
Time — 2m. 10 3-5S. 



Pole vault — First and second places tied between 

Whitehouse, Brunswick, and Pierce, Bangor, at 9 

ft. 3 in. ; Lowell, Westbrook, third. 

Running high jump — Won by Mathias, Bangor; 

second and third places tied between Morse, Bath, 

Parker, Westbrook, and Nichols, Hebron. Height, 

4 ft. n|4 in- 
Putting 16-lb. shot — Won by Brown, Westbrook 

Seminary ; Higgins, Kent's Hill, second ; Mitchell, 

Coburn, third. Distance, 35 ft. 3^4 in- 
Throwing 16-lb. hammer — Won by 

Kent's Hill ; Ayer, Kent's Hill, second. 

121 ft. 6 in. — new record. 

Throwing discus — Won by Higgins, Kent's Hill ; 

Brown, Westbrook Seminary, second. Distance, 105 

feet, one-half inch, — new record. 

Running broad jump — Won by Whitehouse, 

Brunswick; Brown, Westbrook Seminary, second. 

Distance, 18 ft. 8J4 in. 



The annual tennis tournament of the New 
England Intercollegiate Tennis Association was held 
at Longwood, last week. Bowdoin sent Paine and 
Libby, '03, to compete both in singles and in doubles. 
In singles both men were defeated in early rounds, 
but in doubles, as the following detailed score will 
show, they progressed to the semi-finals. Here they 
were defeated by Tufts, a great surprise to every- 
body, for the Bowdoin team had been looked on as 
prospective winners. But Bowdoin men were tired 
by two weeks of tennis tournament, and could not 
hold out to the finish. 

Following is the summary in doubles : — 

<!=A £1 

&=A Bti HH 

Harvard's football schedule was announced last 
week. Games with University of Maine and 
Amherst are added, and the game with Columbia is 
dropped. Following is the schedule : 

Sept. 27 — Williams at Cambridge. 

Oct. I — Bowdoin at Cambridge. 

Oct. 4 — Bates at Cambridge. 

Oct. 7 — Amherst at Cambridge. 

Oct. 11 — University of Maine at Cambridge. 

Oct. 15 — Wesleyan at Cambridge. 

18— West Point at West Point. 
25 — Brown at Cambridge. 

1 — Carlisle Indians at Cambridge. 

8 — Pennsylvania at Cambridge. 

15 — Dartmouth at Cambridge. 

22 — Yale at New Haven. 




'54. — The family of former United States Senator 
William D. Washburne, of Minnesota, is one of the 
most distinguished that Maine has ever produced. 
Of seven brothers, natives of Livermore, Me., all 
reached high places in public life. Three of the 
brothers. Elihu B. Washburne of Illinois, Cad- 
wallader C. Washburne of Wisconsin, and Israel 
Washburne, Jr., of Maine, were in Congress at the 
same time. Another brother, Charles A. Wash- 
burne, was sent to Paraguay as a commissioner of 
the United States, and later as minister to that 
country. Israel Washburne, Jr., was a governor of 
Maine as well as a member of Congress. Gen. Cad- 
wallader Washburne added to his fame as a member 
of Congress by his services in the Union Army. He 
was a friend of Grant, and was with him at Vicks- 
burg and in other important engagements. 

William D. Washburne is the only surviving 
member of this remarkable family, and it is in him 
that our sympathies naturally center, as he gradu- 
ated from Bowdoin in the Class of 1854. 

'62. — Gen. Charles P. Mattocks of Portland was 
the orator of the day for Edward W. Kinsley Post 
of Boston, Memorial Day, and spoke at Tremont 
Temple before a great audience. 

'69. — After long and faithful service Judge 
Nathan Webb has sent his application for retire- 
ment to the department of justice at Washington 
to take effect the last day of June next. A dispatch 
recently received from Washington states that the 
President has appointed Judge Hale of Portland to 
the place in the United States Court thus made 
vacant, and that his name has been sent to the Sen- 
ate for confirmation. It has been conceded for 
some years that when Judge Webb should retire 
from his position, Hon. Clarence Hale, brother of 
United States Senator Hale, would be elevated to 
the bench as his successor. Such being the foregone 
conclusion it was only natural that when the 
announcement of Judge Webb's retirement was made 
public the statement should be made that Mr. Hale 
was to succeed him. His many friends have already 
been congratulating him on his prospective appoint- 
ment, and now that it has been made certain they are 



renewing their congratulations upon the honor that 
has been conferred upon him. 

Clarence Hale was born in Turner, Me., April, 
1848, and. is the youngest of the several children of 
James Sullivan Hale. He fitted for college in the 
schools of his native town and at Norway Academy, 
and graduated at Bowdoin in i860 near the head of 
his class, receiving honors during his course in ora- 
tory and in general studies. After graduation he 
studied law with his brother, Hon. Eugene Hale, 
and with Hon. L. A. Emery of Ellsworth. In 
Marcn, 1880, Mr. Hale was married to Margaret 
Rollins, daughter of Hon. Franklin J. Rollins of 
Portland. Then Mr. Hale began the practice of his 
profession in Portland. He has always devoted him- 
self to his professional work and has enjoyed for 
many years a large and extensive practice, being 
much engaged in the legal work of the State. Of 
late years his practice has been largely as counsel 
of some of our most prominent corporations. In 
leaving the bar for the bench Mr. Hale, it is under- 
stood, is resigning one of the largest and most lucra- 
tive practices enjoyed by any lawyer in the State. 

Mr. Hale is not without experience in municipal 
business, having been city solicitor of Portland for 
many years. Afterwards he became a member of 
the State Legislature, serving from 1SS3 to 1885, and 
making his mark as a strong debater and sound 
lawyer. Although the law has engaged his close 
attention, Mr. Hale has found time to indulge some- 
what his literary and scholarly tastes, more particu- 
larly in the line of historical study. He is a mem- 
ber of the Maine Historical Society and has one of 
the best private libraries in Maine. 

Mr. Hale has maintained the most cordial rela- 
tions with the bar of the State, which has favored 
his appointment and extends to him its cordial good 
wishes in entering upon the judicial career before 
him. Arthur F. Belcher, '82, formerly of Farming- 
ton, and his nephew, Frederick Hale, son of Senator 
Hale, will succeed to his practice. 

1900 M. — Dr. Ervm L. Soule was drowned May 
thirteenth, while canoeing on the river at Stroud- 
water. Dr. Soule had been on the water for about 
two hours that afternoon, accompanied by two 
ladies and a gentleman in another canoe, when by a 
mis-stroke he overturned his canoe. The other 
young man in the party being an expert swimmer 
succeeded in getting the doctor to the shore. Dr. 
Soule then went out again in his canoe to recover 
the pillows and boat fittings. While reaching over- 
board he again overturned the frail craft and sank 
almost immediately. The body was recovered later 
in the evening. He graduated from the Maine Med- 
ical School in 1900 and the following year served as 
house doctor at the Maine General Hospital. Before 
entering and during vacations he worked in the 
wholesale drug house of Cook, Everett & Pennell, 
where he gained the reputation of being a promising 
physician. His death is a shock to his many friends 
and classmates, who together with his family mourn 
his untimely end. 

'78. — Professor Alfred E. Burton, of the Massa- 
chusetts Institute of Technology, has been given the 
newly-created office of dean of that institution. For 
three years after graduation Mr. Burton made a 
special study of civil engineering, and during that 
time and for a year later was a topographer in the 

national Coast and Geodetic Survey. He first joined 
the teaching force of the Institute of Technology in 
1882 as instructor in topographical engineering, and 
in 18S4 was appointed assistant professor. He 
became full professor in this department in 1896. 

'92. — Dr. William Beaman Kenniston of Exeter, 
N. H., was married, April 3, to Miss Inez Maud 
Whitcomb, of Yarmouth, at the home of the bride. 

1901 M. — Dr. Joseph Traynor, a graduate of the 
Maine Medical School, has passed the examination 
for appointment as surgeon in the navy and has 
received his commission from the President. He 
will soon be assigned to duty at some naval station. 


Edward Hazen Kimball, Esq., died May 23 in 
Bath. He had been in failing health for the past 

The deceased was born in Bath. He attended the 
public schools, fitted at Phillips Academy and gradu- 
ated from Bowdoin College in the Class of '76. After 
graduating he commenced studying law in the office 
of Tallman & Larrabee. In 1877 he went abroad and 
remained a year. He studied in Paris during the 
fall of 1877 and returned home in January, 1878, and 
resumed his studies. He was admitted to the Sag- 
adahoc Bar in 1878 and in the fall entered the office 
of Jewell, Field & Shepard, and also attended the 
law school of the Boston University, graduating in 
June, 1879. He afterwards returned to Bath and 
practiced law in partnership with Judge Millay. 

In 1882 he went to Lewiston and for seven years 
conducted a successful coal business. In 1890 he 
returned to Bath for a year as acting treasurer of 
the Bath Savings Institution. In 1891 he entered into 
partnership with his brother Fred as the firm of 
Kimball Bros., and established a large wholesale 
grain, flour and grocery trade. 

Mr. Kimball married Miss Anna Dike, June 13, 
1883. He was aged forty-seven years and eight 
months. He possessed a genial, easy-going, delib- 
erate disposition and was held in high esteem by a 
large circle of friends. 

Manager Wall of Bates will probably manage the 
Camden team in the Knox County League, while 
ex-Captain Pratt of Bowdoin will manage the Rock- 
land team. Each manager will probably secure some 
of his fellow-collegians for players, so the rivalry 
between the two teams should be sharp. 

Dr. William J. Tucker is about finishing the first 
decade of his presidency of Dartmouth College. 
When he took charge there were 458 students, and at 
present the number is over 1,400. Over $1,500000 
has been received in endowments. 

Colby's faithful and famous old black janitor, 
"Professor Sam" Osborne, has been elected delegate 
from Maine to the Supreme Lodge of Good Tem- 
plars, which meets in Sweden next July, and the 
Colby Echo is asking contributions from alumni and 
students to defray his expenses The amount desired 
will probably be made up, as contributions are com- 
ing in generous fashion. 




Vol. XXXII. 

No. 8. 





Clement F. Robinson, 1903, Editor-in-Chief. 

Farnsworth G. Marshall, 1903, Business Manager. 

William T. Rowe, 1904, Assistant Editor-in-Chief. 
Harold J. Everett, 1904, Assistant Business Manager. 

Associate Editors. 

S. C. W. Simpson, 1903. S. T. Dana, 1904. 

B. S. Viles, 1903. E. H. R. Burroughs, 1905. 

G. C. Purington, Jr., 1904. W. F. Finn, Jr., 1905. 
W. S. Cushing, 1905. 

Per annum, in advance, 
Per Copy, 

10 Cents. 

Please address business communications to the Business 
Manager, and all other contributions to the Editor-in-Chief. 

Entered at the Post -Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 

Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston. 

The Ivy Day exercises Friday were sadly 
marred by the discourtesy of a large part of 
the audience in rushing from the hall at the 
close of the literary exercises, instead of await- 
ing the marching out of the class- The haste 
to occupy the small place available in the 
chapel during Seniors' last chapel was 
undoubtedly the reason. Next year it would 
be well if it were announced during the Junior 
exercises that the chapel doors would not open 
until the ivy had been planted, and that the 
audience would kindly keep their seats until 
the Juniors should have marched out. It is, 
perhaps, unfortunate that Seniors' last chapel 
takes place at all on the Junior Ivy Day, but if 
it must take place then, there is possibility for 
this improvement in the procedure. 

It has been six years since the Orient 
could record a base-ball season which ended 
with the championship Bowdoin's, and it is 
the more pleased at being able to congratulate 
Captain Havey and his men because of the 
novelty of the act. It has been an odd 
season, — two victories at the start, two at the 
end, and only two in all the long series 
between. But those two were just the right 
ones to clinch the championship, when taken 
together with the timely help which Colby 
gave by bracing at the last of the season and 
defeating our two nearest rivals. Congratu- 
lations to Captain Havey ! And may he be 
captain of yet another champion team next 
year ! 

But congratulations are also due to Coach 
Newenham for the efficient help he gave in 
keeping the team steadily improving from 
start to finish of the season. This makes the 
fourth consecutive champion team which Mr. 
Newenham has helped to develop, although 
the other three were at Waterville. Surely 
nobodv could desire a better testimonial than 
these teams have been, of an ability to get 
together a winning team. No small part of 
the success of all these teams has been due to 
his personal influence with the men, and Bow- 
doin is fortunate in having had him for her 
coach this spring. 

There has been no State league for sev- 
eral years, but it has been usual to figure out 
the champion team each year, on the old basis. 
By that reckoning, Bowdoin is champion this 
year, and two of the other colleges admit it. 
Bowdoin assumes the title of champion 
because it has won four out of six regular 
games, while the other colleges have lost 
either three or four of their six. Maine, how- 



ever, puts in a bid for the honor because it has 
made up for losing three regular games by 
winning two "exhibition games," while Bow- 
doin and Bates, which also had some exhibition 
games, lost part of them. It seems to the 
other three colleges somewhat inconsistent to 
figure in games which were announced on the 
schedules as "exhibition games" as if they 
were equal to games not starred in that way, 
and the point of advertising the games under 
two different heads seems rather vague if there 
is to be no distinction between them, in figur- 
ing up the "championship" later. If any 
comparison is to be made between such teams 
as these, not in formal league, it would natur- 
ally be fair to ask that it be made on some com- 
mon basis. Such a basis is furnished by the 
two-game series which all the colleges played 
by tradition and as a matter of course. For 
financial purposes two "exhibition games" 
and one "practice game" were announced on 
the schedules, and one added later, but they 
were arranged in a hit or miss fashion, and if 
Maine lost one less game it may fairly be 
answered that it played one less game. 

Bowdoin is champion, with a percentage 
of .666; Bates and Maine second, with .500; 
and Colby third, .333. 


Ivy Day, June 13, was a day of gloomy 
weather, with intermittent showers, but the 
interest of the college and the hundreds of 
visitors was not lessened, and one of the most 
successful of Ivy Days was the result. In the 
morning the rain let up long enough to play 
the annual Ivy Day game with Bates, which 
resulted, for only the second time in many 
years, in a victory for Bowdoin. This was 
indeed an auspicious beginning to the day. 

At 2.30 the Class of 1903, sixty-one in all, 
marched into the hall, headed by Marshal John 
A. Greene, and took their seats upon the stage. 
Every seat on the stage was occupied, and 

some chairs were necessary. The following 
was the program of the afternoon : 

Prayer. Donald E. McCormick. 

Oration. Harrie L. Webber. 

Poem. George H. Stover. 


Planting the Ivy. 

The president of the class, Andy P. Havey, 
preceded the presentations with a narrative of 
the fortunes of the class since its eventful entry 
into Bowdoin. He mentioned, as had the 
poet, the sad death by drowning, in the spring 
of 1 90 1, of one of the most popular and lova- 
ble of the class, John P. .Webber, Jr. After 
the history came the usual presentations, pre- 
ceded in each case by a neat little speech by 
the president. Each recipient stepped forward 
and expressed his surprise and gratification in 
the usual amusing way. The humorous pre- 
sentations were as follows : 

Class Innocent) — a lamb — B. S. Viles. 
Class Orator— a flask — J. L. Mitchell. 
The Ladies' Man — a doll — Clement F. 

Class Invalid — a bed — Charles P. Conners. 
Class Sport — a dog — Francis T- Welch. 

These presentations were followed by one 
which is made in quite a different spirit from 
one of banter. This is the time-honored gift 
of a wooden spoon to the Popular Man of the 
class. For this President Havey called out 
Philip O. Coffin, and the storm of applause 
from audience and class indicated well that the 
choice was a very satisfactory one. Mr. Cof- 
fin accepted the gift with a few modest words, 
and the literary exercises were at an end. 

The ivy, which is a slip from Heidelberg 
Castle, Germany, procured by Dr. Lucien 
Howe, '70, of Buffalo, New York, was planted 
at the west of the entrance to Massachusetts 
Hall. While the marshal was planting the ivy 
the class sang the ode, composed by Francis 



J. Welch, and then faced about and had its 
group picture taken by Webber. 

Seniors' last chapel followed immediately 
after the Junior exercises. The order of ser- 
vice was the usual chapel order, — scripture 
reading by President Hyde, singing by a double 
quartet from the Glee Club, and prayer by 
President Hyde, with all standing. The 
Senior Class then left their forms for the last 
time and marched out, four abreast, with 
locked step, under the leadership of Marshal 
John Appleton, singing as they went "Auld 
Lang Syne." Outside the chapel the under- 
graduates were arranged in two long rows, 
between which the Seniors continued their 
march to take their places at the farthest end. 
Then the touching ceremony was concluded 
by the cheering of the other classes by the 
Seniors, responded to promptly by the cheer- 
ing of the Seniors by the undergraduates. 

From five until six there was a tea given by 
the Class of 1903 at Dr. Dennis' house, at 
which the guests of the day were made wel- 
come- Dr. and Mrs. Dennis received, and the 
affair was one of the pleasantest parts of the 
programme of the day. The tea was an inno- 
vation which other Junior classes will do well 
to follow. The kindness of Dr. and Mrs. 
Dennis in opening their house to the class was 
greatly appreciated. 

In the evening came the Ivy Hop in Memo- 
rial Hall, at which there were about fifty-five 
couples present, the ladies coming from all 
over the New England states. The hall was 
made comfortable with pillows and couches, 
and across the front of the gallery stood out 
the class numerals in crimson and white, the 
class colors. Music for the dance and the 
concert before it was furnished by Wilson's 
Orchestra of Portland. The dance did not 
break up until nearly three o'clock. 

The hop began at 9.15, being preceded by 
a concert with the following program : 

March King of the Turf 

Overture Schauspiel 

Selection King Dodo 

The program for the dance was as fol- 
lows : 

Two-Step Military Man 

Waltz King Dodo 

Two-Step Tale of the Kangaroo 

Waltz Valse Bleue 

Two-Step Miss Simplicity 

Schottische Cats' Quartet 

Two-Step Spirit of Liberty 

Waltz : Valse des Blondes 

Two-Step Toreador 

Waltz Burgomaster 

Two-Step Tale of a Bumble Bee 

Waltz ' Bowdoin Waltzes 

Intermission and Supper. 

Waltz Wedding of the Winds 

Two-Step Cap of Fortune 

Waltz Jolly Musqueteers 

Two-Step In Old Alabama 

Waltz Miss Simplicity 

Two-Step A'Frangesa 

Waltz Italian Nights 

Two-Step Strollers 

Waltz Fortune Teller 

Two-Step Dolly Varden 

Waltz San Toy 

Waltz Dolores 

The patronesses were Mrs. W. DeW- 
Hyde, Mrs. Alfred Mitchell, Mrs. W. Hough- 
ton, Mrs. Little, Mrs. W. A. Moody, Mrs. F. 
C. Robinson, Mrs. W. B. Mitchell, Mrs- F. E. 
Woodruff, Mrs. G. T. Files, Mrs. L. A. Lee, 
Mrs. A. L. Dennis, Mrs. Ham and Mrs. A. S- 

The committee of the class to arrange the 
Ivy Exercises was as follows : Franklin Law- 
rence, chairman; E. F. Abbott, J. S. Brad- 

George Hinkley Stover. 
The road was long and all the cavalcade 
Longed for the water and the cooling shade. 
Upon the drooping leaves the hot sun beat; 
The blue hills quivered in the dancing heat; 
And in the pastures by the trees and brooks, 
The sleepy kine with mild, contented looks 
Mused o'er their cuds and watched the dusty throng 
Winding its slow, perspiring way along. 
And as these travelers journeyed faint and hot, 



They looked with wistful eye at many a spot 
Green and secluded, but they paused not till 
They reached the summit of the last high hill. 
Which looks away towards the distant sea. 
Where at their anchor tossing staunch and free 
The ships were harbored which should bear them far 
Beyond the lighthouse and the harbor bar. 

Upon the blue horizon's sweeping rim, 

They saw the spired city faint and dim, 

With bright blue waters gleaming far away 

Below them, in the hazy warmth, there lay 

The lazy landscape, sleeping in the sun, 

Woods, fields, and streams, and low roofs slant 

and dun. 
While at their feet, through billowy banks of green. 
They saw clear water flashing up their sheen, 
And sheltered meadows round them spreading wide, 
With shadowy woodlands flanking either side. 
And as they gazed a still voice seemed to say, 
"Pause for a while, be merry while you may, 

A day, and then your journey shall he o'er; 
The bright days spent together be no more. 
Turn from the highway to the woods and streams, 
Give o'er the day to fancies and to dreams ; 
Still there are left some hours to be gay. 
So snatch a moment from the world away. 
Heed not the end, but make the hours long 
With hopes, and dreams, with laughter and with 

With willing ears they heard the pleasant call, 
And down the bright slope hurrying, one and all, 
Into the smiling meadows turned aside, 
Where waters rippled and the woods spread wide ; 
Pitched their white tents and underneath the trees 
Dreamed o'er again the sweet old memories. 

Dear friends, we are the travelers who went 
Into the field on idle dreaming bent, 
And here, with happy hearts as light as air. 
We'll rest awhile, for all the world is fair. 

Now as we pause old days come back again, 
Sunshine, and clouds, and gently falling rain. 
Again we wind o'er plains and breezy hills ; 
Again the waking of the morning fills 
The heart with gladness, as it breathes anew, 
Over the fragrant meadows soft with dew, 
The quick, glad whisper of a prophecy. 
Again the breeze which in the morn blew free, 
Flutters and dies when noontide's sun is high; 
Again the day steals slowly down the sky, 
And shadows lengthen as the daylight fades, 

Until at length through twilight's thickening 

The stars were peeping, one by one, and soon 
The night comes sailing in its crescent moon. 
So as we muse the long line passes on ; 
We see the waking and the start of dawn, 
The dusty march, the moment's halt at noon, 
In shady spots with flickering sunshine strewn. 
The rest at evening, when the air is cool 
And piping voices from the wayside pool 
Answer the calling of the nightingales ; 
When evening's mists are rising from the vales 
And, in the west, the star of evening bright 
Trembles afar a drop of liquid light. 
Then the red camp-fire in the darkness glows, 
And leaps and dies, and- through the tree trunks 

Its wavering shadows on the gloom beyond, 
And on bright faces, smiles to smiles respond 
As lingering round the whitening coals we stay, 
Till o'er the hills the eastern sky turns grey ; 
When all the year was bursting forth anew ; 
When o'er the fields the welcoming west wind 

blew ; 
Just on the threshold of a larger life, 
Of greater purpose, and of nobler strife, 
The silent portals of the eternal day. 
Opened before him, and he went his way. 
Brave, loyal friend, forever shall there be 
Within our hearts a spot still green for thee ; 
Forever shall we love, and hope, and trust 
That life is more than passion and than dust; 
That in some happy morning breathing land 
Once more we'll walk together hand in hand. 

But why regret the pleasures gone before; 

Full-handed days hold out as many more, 

Before us still the winding highway lies, 

Full of old pleasures and of new surprise. 

The same good comradeship shall cheer the way; 

The same glad sunshine round our pathway play, 

Until at last the seaward port we gain 

And feel the fresh wind sweeping from the main. 

There in the harbor will we wait the morn 

And when, all fresh'ning with the widening dawn, 

The sea breeze scatters wide the mist of night, 

We'll shake our white sails to the morning light ; 

Across the waters hear the sailors' call, 

The rattling blocks, the clinking capstan pawl, 

And from the city catch the sound of bells 

Swinging afar their silver-voiced farewells. 

Stronger and freer shall the land breeze come, 

The sails shall fill, the straining ropes shall hum, 

And from the harbor's shelter leaping free, 

Each ship shall steer toward the open sea. 



Fainter and dimmer from the lighthouse height 
They'll see each sail fade slowly from the sight. 

Tempests shall blow and wild winds beat the main 
Before that staunch, stout fleet returns again. 
But on some night, when through the dark and 

Each bearded captain guides his good ship home, 
Tried by the sea and crowned with victory, 
The home lights' flashing welcome he shall see ; 
Through rain and darkness guide his grey ship in 
Laden with all he once put out to win, 
And in the morning with its eastern fires 
Anchor before the city with its spires; 
Hear the bells pealing and the cannons roar 
"Welcome, brave captains, welcome home once 

While round him, not one missing, he shall see 
Anchored again, a whole ship's company. 


The Right Use of Power. 

Harrie Linwood Webber. 

There is always looming up before the student in 
college a grand vision that at some time in his later 
life he will accomplish great things. He will be 
either a leader in business, renowned as a scientist, 
a great success as a preacher, a wonderful teacher, 
unexcelled at the bar, or a political chieftain; in 
whatever direction he sets his course he dreams of 
great achievements and hopes to be at the front, the 
center of an extended influence and the possessor of 
great power. 

In consideration of the word power we are at 
once reminded of the variety of its forms. It 
expresses the world's history in a breath and carries 
one in fancy down through the ages unrolling all 
of God's plans. In all human action great scholars 
tell us there is a motive and in power we have the 
motive which has made history, — individual power, 
family power, community power, national power, 
world power. In all ages it has been the desire for 
power which has nerved the arm of the soldier, fired 
the imagination of the author, refreshed the hope in 
the brain of the scholar, the inventor, the genius in 
almost any class of work. There is, however, a dis- 
tinction between that desire for power which makes 
for selfishness and that which seeks advancement 
only to help the world to attain that which is beyond 
all others, namely, divine power. 

We must not leap to the conclusion that all power 
is divine. "Don't you wish you had my power?" 
asked the east wind of the zephyr. "Why 1 when I 

start they hail me with storm signals all along the 
coast. I can twist off a ship mast as easily as you 
can waft thistle down. With one sweep of my wing 
I can strew the coast from Labrador to Cape Horn 
with shattered ship timber. I am the terror of 
invalids and to keep me from piercing to the very 
marrow of their bones men cut down forests for 
their fires and explore the mines of continents for 
coal to feed their furnaces. Under my breath the 
nations crouch in sepulchres. Don't you wish you 
had my power?" Zephyr made no reply but floated 
from out the bowers of the sky and all the rivers and 
lakes and seas, all the forests and fields, all the beasts 
and birds and men smile at its coming. Gardens 
bloomed, orchards ripened, silver wheat fields turned 
to gold, fleecy clouds went sailing in the heavens, 
the pinions of birds and the sails of vessels were 
gently wafted onward and health and happiness were 

As in the physical, so in the moral world. The 
history of all past and present government, the 
knowledge of its modes of producing submission in 
its subjects, proves in the clearest words of truth 
that it is not the iron arm of tyranny, the crushing 
strokes of revenge, nor a storm of brute force which 
permanently binds men to their duty, regulates the 
affections and joys of life, expands and invigorates 
the capacities of mind, brings nations together by 
bonds of universal brotherhood and love. Power 
acting through revenge and oppression is false 
power. Its efforts are spasmodic and drenched in 
blood and ruin; ending in consequences like its own 
character and sealing its own doom in the anarchy 
of its people. Mighty men of battle have marched 
from continent to continent sweeping everything 
before them in the triumph of great dominions, yet 
when the hand of death has laid them low their 
empires have burst into mighty fragments with no 
true power, no permanent life. Reared and sus- 
tained by brute force, when the hand that guided the 
rudder was taken away, they vanished like a 
wrecked vessel torn to pieces by the waves. 

History is filled with examples of this truth. 
Man has not hitherto been governed to any great 
extent by that power which wins and subdues by 
kindness and right. Governments have always 
resorted to force to compel submission of their 
neighbors or to gain obedience from their subjects. 
Political religionists have sent out armies with the 
plea of extending Christianity, to murder, kill and 
devastate. Whole nations have been overwhelmed 
with distress, hunger and ignorance, that a few 
leaders of political power and defenders of rotten 
institutions might live in luxury and wealth. Look 
over the world's history. Marching armies are 
creeping along in fire and destruction. Multitudes 



are burned at the stake. Neighbor strives against 
neighbor, priest against priest, nation against nation, 
while in the center of this war and devastation men 
have acted as though these were the results of oper- 
ation of true power, have claimed to be Christians, 
followers of the Prince of Peace, when in fact they 
have been guided by selfishness and revenge. It is 
not in the murderous disposition of Cain, the tur- 
moils of revolutions, that true power is found. Its 
nature and character are seen when suffering is re- 
moved, when injury is healed by goodness, when na- 
tions settle difficulties by peaceful measures, when 
rulers secure to their subjects the enjoyment of 
their rights. Christ prayed on the cross that his 
foes might be forgiven and this is divine power ; 
men though steeped in crime, will bow to acts of 

Once let the dictates of kindness be followed, let 
people observe the golden rule and a power would 
be developed which would render the prison useless, 
annihilate war, relieve poverty and suffering, destroy 
slavery in al its forms and banish enmity from the 

If the false could be driven away and the true 
ushered in, the enemies of advancement and civil- 
ization would be subdued. To the naked, wonder- 
ing savage standing on the edge of Niagara Falls a 
few years ago it must have been apparent that there 
was vast power in those madly plunging waters. 
Yet it was wasted energy until it was seized and 
directed and harnessed and made to turn great 
wheels and now, Samson-like, it supplies the mill 
which lights and carries and almost feeds a city. 
From the top of some sun-kissed peak we might 
look down upon bounding billows and watch the 
breezes as they churn the water into foam. The 
sailor spreads the sail and we have the breezes 
caught, power directed again to do man's bidding, 
wafting his vessel to the uttermost parts of the 
earth and producing the commerce of the world. 

Man possesses a nature which can be completely 
controlled by true power, the rule of kindness and 
justice. However degraded a people may be, how- 
ever low they may have sunk into the depths of 
barbarism and ignorance, they will at times show 
traces of the power of love. This feature in the 
nature of man has given strength to the true power 
by which people have struggled to throw off oppres- 
sion and injustice. And with the march of 
progress, this power is ever increasing. Kindness 
has worked out wonderful results, as diverse as 
those of revenge, as peace is diverse from war. It 
has tempered legislation with mercy, improved the 
condition of the criminal and the insane, softened 
the harshness of school control, enlarged the char- 

ities of the world, while the arm nerved for war is 
unbending to more peaceful pursuits, the ignorant 
and oppressed are becoming more important in the 
eyes of their fellow men, as people who should be 
lifted and made the subject of improvement. And 
this is the principle that the college training seeks 
to teach the man, to cultivate power in a man's soul, 
to breathe into him the breath of a new life, a life 
which shall lift him above the sordid level of mate- 
rialism and show him a wider view which shall carry 
him to the mountain peak and the edge of the mighty 
cataract with the knowledge of how to grasp the 
problem and turn the power observed going to waste 
into useful channels. In politics the college man 
knows the mean and selfish and fights it with his 
might. As a statesman or law-giver, he sees what 
is for the interest of the whole and realizes that here 
too, lies his interest, perhaps not his momentary, 
fleeting interest, but his lasting, future interest. 
It teaches the better power and draws the sharp 
dividing line between the power of a truth and the 
power of a lie, between a Machiavellian policy and 
the wisdom of a Franklin. It traces history down 
through the ages and shows the distinction between 
Pharaoh and Moses, the pyramids and the Old 
Testament, between Mahomet and Christ, the Koran 
and the law of Love, between Alexander and St. 
Paul, the gaining of the world and the loss of a 
human soul, between Bonaparte and our own 
imortal Washington, the one an emperor in name 
only, the other refusing to be King, yet crowned 
to-day in the hearts of all his people. This is the 
foundation which Old Bowdoin seeks to give its 
students and it ever points the better, brighter way. 

(Air: Die Wacht am Rhcin.) 
Francis Joseph Welch. 
Rejoice, dear friends, let's not be sad, 
A year is left us to be glad ; 
Let's sing of Bowdoin and the vine 
Which we to earth consign. 

Come, loudly, sing the song with me 
Of friendship and fidelity 
While here we come to plant the ivy green. 
The emblem of this day, the ivy green. 


Plant well this vine that it may stay, 
And like our love from day to day 



Increase, and see with every year 
Renewed strength appear. 


In future years, when here together, 
We pledge our friendship ne'er to sever, 
The mem'ries of this passing hour 
Above all else will tower. 

Sunday, June 22 — The baccalaureate sermon by 
President Hyde in the Congregational Church, at 4 


Monday, June 23 — The Junior Prize Declamation 
in Memorial Hall, at 8 p.m. 

Tuesday, June 24 — The Class Day Exercises of 
the graduating class, in Memorial Hall at 10 a.m., 
and under the Thorndike Oak at 3 p.m. Senior 
Promenade in Memorial Hall at 9 p.m. 

Annual meeting of Maine Historical Society, 
Cleaveland Lecture Room, 2 p.m. 

Wednesday, June 25 — The exercises commemo- 
rative of the one-hundredth anniversary of the 
opening of the college, in the Congregational 
Church at 3 p.m.; oration by Hon. Thomas Brackett 
Reed, LL.D., Class of i860; poem by Rev. Samuel 
V. Cole, D.D., Class of 1874. 

The presentation of the Memorial Gateway by 
the Class of 1875 at 5 p.m. 

Annual meeting Phi Beta Kappa Fraternity in 
Adams Hall, at 10 a.m. 

Reception by President and Mrs. Hyde, in Memo- 
rial Hall, from 8 to 10 p.m. 

Thursday, June 26 — Annual meeting of Alumni 
Association, in Cleaveland Lecture Room, 9.30 a.m. 

The Commencement Exercises in the Congrega- 
tional Church at 10.30 a.m. 

The Commencement Dinner, 12.30 p.m., in 
Memorial Hall, with overflow into the gymnasium. 
Admission by badge only, obtained by registering at 
the College Library. 

Friday, June 27, and Saturday, June 28 — 
Entrance Examinations at Cleaveland Lecture Room 
and Searles Science Building, 8.30 a.m. and 2 p.m. 

Favour, '03, has been re-elected captain of the 
Amherst base-ball team for next season. 


Raymond Warren. ex-'o4, was on the campus last 

Merrymeeting has been a mecca for all the 
college fellows these last weeks. 

The Lewiston Journal will print the photograph 
of the champion Bowdoin team in an early issue. 

The theme on "Christ as Portrayed by Mark," 
for the Freshman Greek Class is due this week. 

A. C. Denning was at Kent's Hill this week, 
attending commencement exercises and the 

Otho L. Dascombe, '01, who is attending the Johns 
Hopkins University, is passing a week on the 

Paine won the championship round in the college 
tennis tournament, June 12, by defeating Libby, 6-4, 
6-3, 4-6. 6-2. 

The members of the Faculty have voted to wear 
caps and gowns in the future at Commencement, and 
will begin this year. 

The picture of the base-ball team was taken on 
the gymnasium steps, June 17. Havey was re-elected 
captain for next year. 

It is rumored in sporting circles that "Mike" 
Murphy, the Yale track coach, will cast his lot with 
the University of Pennsylvania again. 

Williams has extended an invitation to Dart- 
mouth to enter a triangular league comprised of 
Williams, Wesleyan and Dartmouth. 

The annual punting contest, which vvas to have 
been held Friday, June 6, was declared off as only 
one man put in an appearance on the field. 

West Point Military Academy will also celebrate 
her centennial next week, having been founded the 
same year that Bowdoin's first class entered. 

The naval cadets at Annapolis will arrive at 
Portland during the first week of August and will 
visit all the surrounding places, including Bruns- 

The Delta Upsilon Fraternity has accepted an 
invitation to attend the semi-centennial anniversary 
of the Colby chapter to be held at Waterville about 
June 22. 

The statistical summary of the base-ball season 
with the photographs of the champion Bowdoin 
team, is to be printed in Spaulding's Base-Ball Guide 
for 1903. 

The point winners in the Maine Intercollegiate 
Meet have received their medals within the past 



week and the record-breakers will receive their 
record medals this week. 

Francis L. Patton, Ph.D., has resigned the presi- 
dency of Princeton University, and Professor Wood- 
rowe Wilson, professor of jurisprudence and politics, 
was elected to succeed him. 

The Lewiston Journal had an account of the Ivy 
Exercises taking up nearly two pages, illustrated 
with many halftones. It will have an equally full 
account of Commencement. 

Tom Reed's lastest epigram is to the effect that 
so far as he can see, the importance of a New York 
man is gauged by the earliness with which he leaves 
New York and the lateness of his return. 

Because of the resignation of Mr. Cobb, the mar- 
shals for Commencement have been changed since 
the announcement in the last Orient. E. U. Curtis, 
'82, will be marshal on Wednesday, and Dr. George 
N. Pierce, '82, on Thursday. 

The following men will respond to toasts at the 
Freshmen banquet to be held at Riverton Friday, 
June 20: B. S. Haggett, W. S. Brimijoin, R. E. Hall, 
W. S. Cushing, J. F Norton, H. M. Mansfield, E. 
L. Harvey, D. C. White, C. J. Donnell. 

President Taylor's baccalaureate sermon to the 
students at Vassar College Saturday, in which he 
made a strong plea to the young women to keep 
their courage and their pose amid the social extrav- 
agances of the time, is well worth reading. 

The Alpha Rho Chapter of Kappa Sigma held 
their annual Senior supper Thursday evening. June 
12, at the "Inn." After the supper, several toasts 
were listened to and applauded, among which was 
a speech by Dr. Ferguson of New York City. 

President Hyde is to havo a very important arti- 
cle in the "Outlook" within a week or two 
embodying the results of the discussion the Faculty 
have been recently having over the proposed reduc- 
tion of the college course, optionally, to three years. 

Robert C. Foster, 1901, is traveling in Europe; he 
has been to Spain, travelling through that country by 
rail from Paris to the Mediterranean and back ; was 
at the coronation in Madrid ; and is now in Naples. 
From there he will go to Rome, Venice, and through 
Switzerland before he returns. 

The Faculty have been discussing the old subject 
of introducing the Semester system instead of our 
present antiquated system of three unequal terms, 
and have appointed a committee with Professor Cal- 
lender, chairman, to report recommendation on the 
subject. The change is bound to come, sooner or 

The Alpha Kappa Kappa Fraternity of the 
Medical School met at Riverton June 12, 
installed officers, and elected the following to honor- 
ary membership : Dr. H. B. Palmer, Farmington ; 
Dr. John E. Gray, Freeport; Dr. Luther Bunker, 
Waterville; Dr. W. K. Oakes, Auburn; and Dr. E. 
M. Fuller, Bath. 

The management of the Portland-Brunswick 
Electric Road have plans completed for a summer 
hotel which will be erected the coming season on 
the point near Freeport. The structure is to be of 
stone and will have a tower 100 feet high. This 
hotel will be run as a summer resort, but will have 
accommodations for large dancing and dinner par- 
ties and will therefore be a drawing card for the 

The second base-ball game between the Theta 
Delta Chi and Delta Kappa Epsilon Fraternities was 
played on the Delta on June 5, the victory being 
won by the latter team by a score of 13 to 8. The 
game was an interesting one and sharply played for 
the first five innings, when the Dekes scored eight 
runs. In the evening the losing team paid for the 
dinners at the "Gurnet." About 40 were present 
and the occasion was much enjoyed. 

President Hyde spoke on the choice of pro- 
fession in chapel, on Sunday, June 8. His remarks 
were much appreciated by all present, but the attend- 
ance was much smaller than it deserved to be 
because of the unfavorable weather. John Appleton 
rendered "The Gates of Paradise" with a violin 
obligato by Frank Welch. The solo was unusually 
fine, and it was the universal comment that no 
chapel music we have heard this term has been 
superior to it. 

A base-ball game on the delta Tuesday afternoon, 
June 10, between the Zeta Psi and Psi Upsilon 
fraternities, was witnessed and enjoyed by quite a 
number of students. First and second team men 
were barred out. Fortune seemed to favor the 
Zetes from the start, the final result was 26 to 9 in 
their favor. Accordingly they enjoyed supper on 
the Psi U's, Wednesday night, at the Casino, Merry- 
meeting Park. 

Senator Frye, '50, is said to possess the costliest 
hat worn by any member of Congress. He is 
wearing a straw hat that was sent to him by a 
friend. It came without a band and the Senator 
sent it to a hatter and directed that a suitable band 
be put around it. The hatter returned word that 
he would not put a needle in the hat, as it was worth 
$100 and was too good a one to be punched full of 
holes. He therefore placed a loose black band 



around the hat, without thread fastenings. Senator 
Frye prizes his hat very much. 

The Advisory Athletic Committee met Monday, 
June 16, with Doctor Whittier presiding, and nomi- 
nated candidates for base-ball, track and tennis man- 
agers, to be balloted on at the annual June mass 
meeting, Tuesday evening. The only other important 
business transacted by the meeting was to make sev- 
eral appropriations, — one of expenses, not to exceed 
thirty dollars, of coaching for Denning in hammer 
and discus, at Cambridge. Eighty dollars was also 
appropriated under protest to pay the deficit in the 
tennis accounts. This will not be a precedent, — in 
the future tennis managers must get a better sub- 
scription list, or else the college must give up tennis. 

The oldest living graduate of Bowdoin College is 
a Portland man, the venerable John Rand, who is 
still in good health and of unimpaired mental vigor 
at the age of 91. Mr. Rand was born in Newbury - 
port, Mass., in 181 1, and was a member of the Bow- 
doin Class of 1831. After his graduation he 
studied law in Portland and at the Harvard Law 
School and was admitted to the bar in 1835. His 
long life has been spent in Portland where, until 
he retired several years ago from active business, 
he devoted himself assiduously to the practice of his 
profession. He was early recognized as one of the 
leading lawyers of the State, especially winning dis- 
tinction in admiralty. 

At a meeting of the Bates Athletic Association 
held last week the following officers were elected 
for the ensuing year: President, Ramsdell, '03; base- 
ball manager. Hunt, '03; tennis manager, Kelley, 
'03 ; track manager, Piper, '03 ; vice-president, G. 
Weymouth, '04; treasurer, Luce, '04; assistant ten- 
nis manager, M. Weymouth, '04; assistant track 
manager, Luce, '04; assistant base-ball manager, 
Briggs, '04; secretary, Parsons, '05; directors, 
Keyes, '03, Brown, '03, Rounds, '04, Swan, '04, 
DeMeyer, '05, Reed, '05 ; advisory board, Reed and 
Costello from the alumni, Purington, '03. The foot- 
ball "B" will be a black letter, the tennis and track 
"B" will be of the Old English style, and the base- 
ball "B" as it is now on the sweater. 

At the Art Building. 
An hour cannot be spent to better advantage 
than in a visit to the Art Building this week and 
next. There are on exhibition three portraits in 
low relief by Miss Leila Usher, the sister of Mrs. 
Dyer of the college. They are portraits of Horatio 
Stebbins, of the late Professor James J. Child of 
Howard University and of Abraham Lincoln. They 
are exhibited on the North wall of the Boyd Gallery. 

Miss Usher has been at work recently on a similar 
portrait of Mr. Booker T. Washington. By com- 
mencement week there -will be exhibited in four 
cases in the Poet Gallery the fine collection of 
Cypriste Antiquities recently given the college by 
Dana Estes, Esq., of Boston. The objects are in 
glass, terra cotta, and stone, and some bear classical 

The suit of Chinese armor given by Mr. Charles 
D. Jameson of the class of '76 has been mounted 
and is now set up beside the cases containing the 
objects of Japanese art of Professor Houghton's. 
In the Sculptural Hall the series of photographs 
from the negatives of Professor Hutchins, from the 
college originals, is exhibited in ebonized frames. 
Objects of interest are continually being added to 
the art collection, and to appreciate these one should 
be a frequent visitor. Professor Johnson's annual 
printed report will be out by Commencement. 


Brunswick 8, Bowdoin 2. 

The Brunswick team beat Bowdoin Wednes- 
day. June 4, in a game that was interesting in spite 
of the wet weather. The Brunswick team, as the 
batting shows, had many of the old familiar players 
with it, and with Libby, Bowdoin, '99, in the box, 
won quite easily. Libby was in fine form, allowing 
only four hits and striking out fourteen men, within 
one man of Stillman's record against us last year. 
Pratt, last year's captain, covered third, where he 
took everything that came his way, and he also 
batted well, getting three hits out of four times up. 

For Bowdoin the feature of the game was 
Havey's home run. 

The summary : 


ab r bh po a e 

Pratt, 3b 4 3 3 3 

Clements, 2b 3 1 1 1 4 1 

Bryant, ss 4 2 2 I 4 1 

Jack, If 4 1 1 1 

Keene, c 4 1 11 1 3 

Libby, p 4 2 2 I 

Toothaker, lb 4 o 1 11 o 

Green, cf 4 o o o o 

Hall, rf 4 1 2 1 o o 

35 8 11 27 14 7 

ab r bh po a e 

Stanwood, cf 5 o o 2 o 

White, 3b 3 o o 1 5 2 

Greene, c 4 O I 7 2 



Havey, ss 4 I I 2 4 ° 

Kelley, If 4 ° ° ! ° ~ 

Munro, lb 4 I I 8 I o 

Allen, rf 3 ° ° 2 ° ° 

Bly, 2b 4 o I I 2 I 

Lewis, p 4 o o o i o 

35 2 4 24 is 5 

Score by Innings. 


Bowdoin o o 1 o o 1 o — 2 

Brunswick o o 1 1 2 4 o x— 8 

Stolen bases— White, Kelley, Munro, Allen (2), 
Pratt (4), Clements (2). Two-base hit— Jack. 
Home run — Havey. Bases on balls — By Lewis 2, 
by Libby 1. Hit by pitched ball— Allen. Struck 
out — By Lewis 5, by Libby 14. Passed balls — 
Greene, Keene (4). Sacrifice hit — Clements. Time 
— 1 hour 45 minutes. Attendance — 100. Umpire — 

BownoiN 2d 6, Farmington High 5. 
Bowdoin second closed the season by defeating 
the Farmington High school, Saturday, June 7th. in 
a very evenly matched game. 

Score by Innings. 


Bowdoin 2d o 4 I o o I o — 6 

Farmington High 0212000 o — 5 

Bowdoin i, Colby o. 

The game with Colby Wednesday, June 11, was 
by far the best game of the season. Both teams 
fielded in excellent shape, but it was, from start to 
finish, a pitchers' .battle. Pugsley allowed only four 
hits and during the first four innings not a Bowdoin 
man reached first. Oakes, however, went him a 
little better, allowing only one hit, a little grounder 
which rolled along the third base line too slowly to 
be fielded in time. During the whole game Colby 
knocked only one ball to the outfield. 

Bowdoin got her run in the first of the ninth, 
when Havey got a single, reached third on a two- 
base hit by Munro, and came in on a grounder by 
Kelley to Pugsley who put it to the plate where 
Cowing dropped it. 

Pike's playing at short stop deserves special 

The summary : 


AB R BH PO A fc 

Stanwood, cf 4 o o 1 o o 

White, 3b 4 o 1 2 

Greene, c 4 ° ° 8 3 o 

Havey, ss 4 1 J 2 I 3 

Munro, lb 4 I 13 o I 

Kelley, If 4 o I o o o 

Allen, rf... 4 o o o o 

Bly, 2b 4 o 1 2 o o 

Oakes, p 3 ° ° ° 2 ° 

35 1 4 2 7 8 4 


Leighton, rf 4 

Saunders, 2b 4 

Cowing, c 4 

Munroe, cf 4 

Keene, ib 4 

Teague, If 2 

Pike, ss 4 

Pugsley, p 2 

Lord, 3b 2 

30 1 27 12 5 

Score by Innings. 


Bowdoin 00000000 I — I 

Stolen bases — Munro, Allen, Oakes. Two-base 
hit — Munro. Bases on balls — By Oakes 4, by Pugs- 
ley 0. Struck out — By Oakes 10, by Pugsley 6. 
Time — 1 hour 30 minutes. Attendance — 350. 
Umpire — Carrigan. 

Bowdoin 9, Bates 3. 

Bowdoin won the Ivy Day game with Bates 
again this year by the ample margin of nine to three. 
The visitors were somewhat crippled by the loss of 
Towne, and Bucknam had to do the twirling for 
them. Coffin was in the box for Bowdoin, and 
pitched an excellent game. Bates fielded very 
loosely at times and was unable to hit at critical 
times, while Bowdoin's hits came in very oppor- 

One of the features of the game was a double 
play in the third, when with the bases full and only 
one out Bates was retired on a grounder to Coffin, 
who put it home while Greene then threw it to 

The summary : 


ab r bh po a e 

Stanwood, cf 4 1 4 o 

White, 3b 5 3 1 1 3 1 

Greene, c 4 3 2 3 2 o 

Havey, ss 5 1 3 2 3 

Munro, lb 5 o 2 12 o 

Kelley, If 4 1 4 o o 

Coffin, p 3 o o 1 8 

Oakes, rf 4 o o o o 

Bly, 2b 2 I o o I 

36 9 9 27 14 4 

Dean, lb 5 

Parsons, 3b 3 

Clason, 2b 2 

Allen, ss 3 

Stone, c 4 

Bucknam, p 4 

Moody, cf 4 

Daicey, rf 3 

Doe, If 4 




Score by Innings. 


Bates o 

Bowdoin o 


8 9 
o 0—3 
3 x— 9 

Stolen bases — White, Greene (2), Munro, Par- 
sons, Stone. Two-base hits — Greene, Munro (2), 
Kelley. Double plays — Coffin. Greene, Munro ; 
Coffin, Munro : Allen. Clason, Dean. Bases on 
balls — By Coffin 5. by Bucknam 5. Hit by pitched 
balls — Bly, Stanwood. Struck out — By Coffin 1, by 
Bucknam 8. Wild pitch — Bucknam. Time — 1 hour 
55 minutes. Attendance — 500. Umpire — Carrigan. 

•aswg no qjaq 3 

■6?ih 3Dgt.ioES 

■sasug H9|0}s 
•sang aiuon 
•si!H 3SEH-S 
■Sim asua-e 

■3Av SnjpiSM 
•8AV SarjlHg 


750 1 2 4 1 14 
909 12 4 1 2 2 9 
976 10 2 6 17 
960 7 5 1 7 16 
952 4 1 1 1 8 
782 6 1 12 
814 10 2 2 S 
900 4 1 1 4 
792 2 3 

938 2 1 1 6 
S18 5 2 6 
927 1 4 8 
000 3 3 
000 1 

892 64 17 3 3 32 3 115 

Kelley, '02, r.f., l.f 10 .333 

Havey, '03, lb., a.s., . . 15 .295 

Greene, '03, r.f., c 15 .274 

Munro, '03, o.f., l.f., lb., . 15 .234 
Stanwood, '02, c.f., ...» .154 

Bly, r.f., 8.8., 2b 14 .143 

White, '05, 3b., .... 15 .131 

Oakes, '04, p., r.f 10 .128 

Lewis, '05, p., a.a 10 .037 

Coffin, '03, p., l.f 8 .148 

Shaughnesay, '03, 2b., r.f., 9 .121 
Blanchard, '03, c.r.f., . . 8 .120 

Nevers, M., lb. 1 .000 1 

Whole Team, ... 15 .189 

There were 15 games played, of which 6 were 
won and 9 lost. 

Oakes pitched in 8 games. He struck out 50 
men, gave 21 bases on balls, and did not hit a bats- 
man. Lewis pitched in 8 games. He struck out 23 
men, gave 20 bases on balls, and hit 2 batsmen. 
Coffin pitched in 3 games. He struck out II men, 
gave 9 bases on balls and did not hit a batsman. 
The batting average of opponents off Oakes was 
.226, off Lewis .228, and off Coffin .165. Oakes had 
one wild pitch. Blanchard had 5 passed balls, 
Greene 6, and our opponents 10. The foul strike 
rules were used in 3 of the fifteen games. 

S. T. Dana, Scorer. 


The Orient submits the following all-Maine 
base-ball team for the season of 1902 : 

Greene of Bowdoin, catcher; Mitchell of Maine, 
first pitcher ; Towne of Bates, second pitcher ; 
Munro of Bowdoin, first base ; Pike of Colby, second 
base; Allen of Bates, short-stop; Davis of Maine, 
third base ; Bucknam of Bates, left field ; Stanwood 
of Bowdoin, center field ; Holmes of Maine, right 
field. Substitutes, Cowing, Colby, Dean, Bates, and 
Havey, Bowdoin. Havey of Bowdoin, captain of 
the champion team, should, of course, be captain of 
the all-Maine team. He is indicated on the line-up 
as substitute simply because he is capable of filling 
several places creditably, and has played in two 
places on the nine at different times during the 

This arrangement of an all-Maine team coincides 
with one suggested orally by Manager Wall of 
Bates, with the exception of catcher, first base, and 
second base, where he proposed Stone, Dean or 
Have}', and Clason, respectively. 


The Rev. Joseph Packard, D.D. 
The Rev. Dr. Joseph Packard, Professor-emeritus 
of the Theological Seminary of Virginia, died at 
Alexandria on Saturday, April 3, 1902, aged eighty- 
nine years. He was born at Wiscasset, Me., in 1812 
and was graduated from Bowdoin College in 1831. 
In 1836 he was ordained deacon by Bishop Griswold 
and advanced to the priesthood the following year by 
Bishop Meade. In the year of his ordination to the 
diaconate he became Professor of Sacred Literature 
in the Seminary at Alexandria, Va., and later was 
dean of the institution for fifteen years. Since 1890 
he had been professor-emeritus. He was a mem- 
ber of the American Committee for the Revision of 
th authorized translation of the Bible from 1872 to 
1885, and prepared a commentary on Malachi for 
Lange's Commentary. 

Dr. Warren, president of Boston University, has 
accomplished a life work of which the following are 
significant features : A new presentation of confes- 
sional theology to the theologians of Germany; the 
reorganization of the oldest theological seminary of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church ; the organization of 
the university of which he is to-day the head : a 
reconstruction of ancient cosmology and mythical 
geography ; the discovery, as many believe, of the 
cradle of the human race ; and the promotion of 
international university co-operation in advancing 
the highest educational ideals. 





A marvelous invention for everyone who writes. 
Improves your handwriting one hundred 
per cent, in a few days. Can be used with 
pen or pencil. For man, woman, or child. 
Endorsed by Boards of Education New York, 
Philadelphia, and Boston. Sent post-paid for 
10 cents. 




Discomfort and Restraint, 

and acquire ease and freedom, when 
fencing, or in any exercises requiring 
agility, by wearing 




ifl/) lows every 

bend of the 

body. College 

"every class" 

wear them. Look for 

"President" on the 

buckles. Trimmings 

can not rust. Price, 50 

crisis everywhere, or by 

mail, postpaid. State 

whether you want them 

light or dark, wide or 


MFG. CO., Box 280 
Shirley, Mass. 




Get your Books Bound and Repaired at the 


Journal Block, LEWISTON. 

Magazines and Library Work. 


Work done reasonable and well. 

Call on us with your next order. 



35 Cents Each. 

H W V1TRNPV 91 Maine Street, 


that comes from our laundry is one sweet lay of joy and 
gladness, so sweet, so pure, and clean. Collars and Cuffs 
join in the chorus, and you can symphony if you become 

J. C. W00DR0W &- CO., Proprietors. 
W. E. LUNT, Agent, 31 Main Hall. 

Mention Orient when Patronizing Our Advertisers. 



Vol. XXXII. 


No. 9. 





Clement F. Robinson, 1903, Editor-in-Chief. 

Farnsworth G. Marshall, 1903, Business Manager. 

William T. Rows, 1904, Assistant Editor-in-Chief. 
Harold J. Everett, 1904, Assistant Business Manager. 

Associate Editors. 

S. C. W. Simpson, 1903. S. T. Dana, 1904. 

B. S. Viles, 1903. E. H. E. Burroughs, 1905. 

G. C. Purington, Jr., 1904. W. F. Finn, Jr., 1905. 
W. S. Cushinq, 1905. 

Per annum, in advance, 
Per Copy, 

. $2.00. 
10 Cents. 

Please address business communications to the Business 
Manager, and all other contributions to the Editor-in-Chief. 

Entered at the Post-Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 

Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston. 

Anniversary Week is over, and all is quiet 
on the campus. But the memory of the week 
will last long in the minds of the hundreds of 
alumni and friends of the college who visited 
Brunswick for the occasion. It is the aim of 
this issue of the Orient to put into permanent 
form not only the usual commencement pro- 
ceedings, for the benefit of those interested 
particularly in the graduating class, but also 
some account of the special exercises of this 
most memorable of all the Commencement 
Weeks which Bowdoin has ever had. 
Reflections on the events of the week are quite 
presumptuous from an undergraduate paper, 
beyond the simple expression of the deep pride 
and loyalty to Old Bowdoin which all the 
impressive events of the two days renew in the 

hearts of impressionable young undergradu- 
ates, no less than in the hearts of grave alumni. 
We know that Bowdoin is a most delightful 
mother to us; we scarcely realized that for a 
hundred years it has been truly influential in 
the making of men, as well as delightful. 
This has been brought home to us by the love 
which white-haired men and unsentimental 
men of affairs attest for this same mother, — 
Alma Mater. And we are proud and thank- 
ful to belong to the same Bowdoin which they 

1902 is a happy class, to go forth into the 
world under such auspices. May the benedic- 
tion of the week be ever remembered, and the 
members of 1902 return to future commence- 
ments prosperous and happy — honorable and 
honored, — true Bowdoin men. 

For several years the opening days of the 
fall term have been signalized by a series of 
affairs known as "chapel-rushes." Some such 
friendly contest of strength between the lower 
classes is traditional, and the Faculty have no 
objection to the idea; but the feeling has been 
growing for some time that the chapel is no 
fit place for the proceeding. It will be 
announced at the beginning oftheterm, accord- 
ingly, that this rushing within the chapel must 
cease, just as rushing at recitation, — which 
already has ceased. The prohibition will have 
the support of every thinking student, and cer- 
tainly deserves the support of everyone who 
reverences the chapel. As for the rush, it can 
take place as well in front of the chapel, and 
the energetic spirits in all classes will 
undoubtedly see that it successfully does. 

The vacation advice of the Orient to every 
true Bowdoin man is : Fish ! Literal fishing, 
yes, for a vacation spent by brooks and lakes 
is well spent. But, much more, fish men. 



Fish for your Fraternity; and, above all, fish 
for Bowdoin. 

In this issue are presented the constitu- 
tions which only need the formal sanction of 
the students to become binding. The search 
for a body of written athletic law satisfactory 
alike to students and alumni, has been filled 
with perplexities and vicissitudes. The 
Orient congratulates both parties that at last 
a sensible arrangement seems to be ready to 
put into immediate operation, an arrangement 
which appears to be wisely calculated to stim- 
ulate alumni interest and student enthusiasm, 
without causing either to hamper the other. 

The constitutions proposed are two. The 
first is for the General Athletic Council, the 
other for the Student Athletic Association. 
It is in the first that the alumni interest cen- 
ters, and in the terms now presented by 
them it will probably arouse no opposition 
among the students. It repeats, in great part 
word for word, the old "Constitution govern- 
ing the actions of the Advisory Committee," 
which was adopted March 17, 1891 and has 
remained in force ever since. The only 
important change is in the composition of the 
council. The alumni representation on the 
council is increased by the new constitution to 
five, thus appointing alumni in several widely 
scattered cities as official athletic representa- 
tives to keep their cities in touch with the col- 
lege athletics. Since in practice the five stu- 
dent members would hold the power because 
of their presence in town, just as they hold it 
now, no opposition on the part of the under- 
graduates will be manifest to this great con- 
cession from the demands of the alumni in 
the previous constitutions which they have 
proposed. The only other changes in this new 
constitution are for systematizing certain 
details which are vaguely put by the present 
constitution and for expressing certain other 
details which have established themselves by 

The second constitution is more particu- 

larly for the students. It deals with the inter- 
nal athletic administration of the college. In 
every way it seeks to express in writing the 
practices and customs which have come into 
unwritten law by the lack of a constitution. 
The only radical change in principle is in the 
unification of all the athletic "associations" 
into one general association, whose officers, 
by being members of the Athletic Council at 
the same time, will have a real influence. Our 
custom of filling a score of figure-head offices 
yearly, to the amusement of nobody more 
than of the "officers" themselves, is so absurd 
that its abandonment has been a question only 
of time for several years. Certain details of 
this constitution will surely arouse discussion, 
however, and since the constitution should by 
no means stand or fall by these details as 
they are worded in the form submitted, the 
selection of a committee seems advisable, who 
should report on these provisions after the 
passage of the rest of the constitution. The 
alumni leave the arrangement of these details 
entirely to the students. 

The eligibility paragraph will arouse the 
most discussion. The college seems to have 
convinced itself that it can draw an arbitrary 
line and denominate certain athletes who have 
been paid for services," professionals," and cer- 
tain others, "amateurs." As far as the State of 
Maine goes, this is at present possible, but the 
suggestors of the strict paragraph as put in 
the constitution feel that it will not be long 
before some of the Massachusetts colleges 
will call public attention to the fact that the 
Maine colleges are allowing men to play 
whom every other college in the country 
unquestioningly calls "professionals." The 
authors of this paragraph appeal to student 
common sense to ward off such a disgracing 
public reprimand, by our own initiative in 
purifying our athletics by refusing to let any- 
one represent Bowdoin who debars himself 
after the passage of the rule, from entering as 
an amateur in a contest in other states. It is 
reported verbally that the adoption of a rule is 



being urged on the Amateur Athletic Union 
which would do away with some of the 
absurdities which have characterized enforce- 
ment of strict amateur rules in some col- 
leges. This rule would count only money 
received after a man had entered college, as 
making him a professional. Whether the rule 
will pass or not is doubtful, but meanwhile, 
Bowdoin might not to place itself behind the 
colleges outside of Maine. 

Some other matters which are open to criti- 
cism in the constitution are : Indefiniteness in 
the style of B's for the various departments 
of athletics ; ease with which, both by the new 
constitution and at present, a "B" can some- 
times be made ; and provision for a misunder- 
stood "M" underneath the "B" on managers' 
caps, instead of the simple bar which is under- 
stood all over New England to mean "man- 
ager." All these could be duly discussed by 
a committee. 

The immediate duty of the students at the. 
opening of fall term is to gather in mass meet- 
ing and discuss these constitutions. The 
Orient confidently hopes that the first one 
which has been already adopted by the alumni, 
will receive unanimous student sanction, and 
that the second, with the reservation, perhaps, 
of certain sections, may command a large 
majority vote of the same meeting. It is 
indeed a relief to have the end of all this 
vexatious constitutional discussion seem at 
last to be in siarht. 


The following is an extract from a letter 
received by the Orient. It deserves the 
careful consideration of both students and 
alumni : 

31 Beacon Street, Boston, 
July 3, 1902. 
To the Editor of the Bowdoin Orient: 

I enclose a copy of a circular which will 
explain the object and scope of our new 
association. You will nocice that the scheme 
does not contemplate an association of col- 
leges and other clubs, but is based on the plan 

of the English "Henley," in which a body of 
individuals known as "Stewards" associate 
themselves for the purpose of holding a 
regatta. One of our prime objects is to 
increase interest in rowing among college and 
other reputable clubs, and I sincerely hope that 
enough interest in the scheme may be devel- 
oped at Bowdoin to induce them to send us 
some entries for the regatta next year, which 
now gives promise of being very successful. 
We shall probably issue a detailed prospectus 
of the regatta next fall, and I shall be very 
glad to send you a copy. 
Yours very truly, 

Walter P. Henderson, 

Temp. Sec. A. R. A. 

Extracts from the circular are as follows: 

For many years the question of the possibility of 
holding a rowing regatta in this country on the plan 
of the famous English "Henley" has been discussed. 
Within the last few years evidence has been rapidly 
accumulating to show that the interest in rowing 
among college men and college graduates is increas- 
ing and that the time has come when a forward step 
should be taken in American rowing. The increased 
interest in rowing is shown by the enthusiastic sup- 
port given by undergraduates to newly formed row- 
ing clubs in some of the universities and by the suc- 
cess in many places of inter-scholastic rowing asso- 
ciations. From these sources have sprung a body of 
men whose appetites have only been whetted for the 
sport and whose attitude toward rowing is very dif- 
ferent from the average university oar of the past. 
More intelligent methods of training and a dawn- 
ing idea that rowing is, after all, a sport and recrea- 
tion and not a drudgery, have worked great changes 
in the attitude of the men, and many of them have 
now become actively interested in rowing clubs after 
graduation. It is from this body of men that the 
new rowing organization has emanated and on them 
that it will depend for its active support in the 
future. What they ask and what they must have is 
an opportunity to meet in competition others of 
their kind who have had the same rowing experience 
and whose ideals of the sport are similar to their 

The local regattas of the various associations are 
good in their way, but do not exactly fulfil the needs 
of these men. The National Regatta, while an 
admirable and indispensable fixture, does not appeal 
to this body of men who, for the most part, have no 
aspirations for championship honors. They believe 
that rowing is worth while for its own sake, but feel 
that it passes the limits of legitimate amateur sport 
when it is made the sole end and aim of life for six 
months in the year. 

This feeling in regard to the place of rowing as 
an amateur sport and the desires of the body of men 
above referred to have now taken form in the organ- 
ization of the "American Rowing Association." 
The plans for the regatta are frankly based on the 
English "Henley." The government is vested in a 



Board of Stewards who have entire control of the 
regatta and all affairs pertaining thereto. This plan 
of organization differs radically from that at present 
in vogue in other associations in this country; but 
it is believed that this form of government will do 
much to relieve the Board from politics and internal 
dissension. The members of this Board do not 
officially represent any university or boat club, but 
have been chosen solely because of amateur standing 
and their interest, knowledge and ability shown in 
connection with this sport. The Board is a self- 
perpetuative body and will, thus be able to maintain 
its own standard irrespective of the views of those 
who may contest in its regattas. Moreover, it will 
have the power to reject any entry without assigning 
its reason, and is thus protected from the necessity 
of entering into those bitter controversial discus- 
sions which do so much to hurt amateur sport. The 
first meeting of the Board of Stewards was held in 
New York on May 10, and it was decided to hold 
the first regatta on the Schuylkill River at Philadel- 
phia, in July, 1903. 

The Board of Stewards at present consists of 
seventeen men, divided between Philadelphia, Cam- 
bridge, Boston, Ithaca (N. Y.), New York City, and 
Detroit (and a list of them is given on the circular). 

Anniversary Week. 

The first of the exercises of Anniversary 
(Week was the Baccalaureate Sermon by Presi- 
dent Hyde before the graduating class, in the 
Congregational Church, Sunday afternoon, 
June 22d. This sermon we print in full in 
accordance both with an old custom of the 
Orient and with the expressed desire of many 


By President Hyde, Sunday, June 22D. 

The Experimental Nature of Religious Knowl- 

If any man willeth to do his will, he shall know 
of the teaching. John vii : 17. 

Proof follows, rather than precedes the test. A 
man cavils at golf. The golf enthusiast is dumb, if he 
be wise. He knows it is of no use to argue with his 
critic. His only chance is by some device to cajole 
him upon the links, put the driver in his hand, and 
then if by any chance he gets the feel of one good 
drive, the captious caviller becomes a devotee. No 
proof short of that will satisfy him; nothing more 
than that can he demand. The same is true of 
music, or art, or poetry, or love, or any active inter- 
est of man. No proof short of experience avails. 
No proof founded on experience can be refuted. 
Yet since experience comes first, and proof second, 
you must take your experience as the golfer takes 

his first drive, as the swimmer takes his first stroke, 
in advance of demonstration, or on faith. 

Now it was the intellectual fashion twenty or 
thirty years ago, in the name of scientific agnosti- 
cism to deny all that. Professor Huxley was never 
weary of telling us that belief in advance of proof, 
is the lowest depth of immorality; and Professor 
Clifford was forever reiterating that a belief 
accepted on insufficient evidence is sinful, because 
stolen in defiance of our duty to mankind. 

Within a certain sphere in which they were mas- 
ters, the contention of these men was true. That is 
the sphere of past and present outward fact; the 
sphere of science and history. To believe that a par- 
ticular event took place at a certain time and in a 
certain manner, when the preponderance of evidence 
is on the other side, is an act of treason to the truth. 
In so far as particular facts of either science or 
history are concerned, we must all admit that Hux- 
ley and Clifford, and Hobbes and Hume before them 
were in the right ; and that in so far as the churches 
have presumed to introduce debatable scientific or 
historic elements into their creeds, they have made 
a great mistake. But the churches have grown 
wiser than they were. They are not driving men 
out who are in spiritual sympathy with them because 
of difference in historical and scientific matters ; 
and very few of you will ever have the slightest 
practical difficulty in maintaining the closest spiritual 
fellowship with the church which you may wish to 
enter, because of your inability to assent to every 
article they may have incorporated into their creed. 
It will probably take another generation, to eliminate 
from the creeds themselves the doubtful and debat- 
able historical and scientific matters that have been 
unwisely introduced. That is work in which you 
will have to bear your part. But the right of spirit- 
ual fellowship in a church on the part of persons 
who honestly dissent from the scientific and histor- 
ical deliverances of the creeds, is in most of our 
churches practically conceded already. 

All this I have said incidentally, that you may not 
misunderstand me when I say that your apprehension 
of the positive intellectual substance of Christianity 
follows, rather than precedes your experience of 
the Christian life. Christianity has such an intel- 
lectual content, or teaching. It is of the utmost 
importance ; and is appropriately embodied and con- 
served in creeds. And you have to accept that at 
first by anticipation, or on faith ; verifying it in your 
experience as you go along. Matters which are thus 
verifiable in experience are the appropriate sub- 
ject-matter of creeds. Matters which are not 
thus verifiable in experience, matters which might 
conceivably be invalidated by fresh scientific inves- 
tigation, or by discovery of ancient documents, are 
not fit subject-matter for a creed. They are no part 
of that teaching of Jesus, which we are told all who 
do His will shall know. 

What then is this will of God which we are called 
to do? Simply righteousness and kindness in the 
conduct of our daily lives. It is so plain no man 
can miss it. It is that sensitiveness to the feelings 
and aims of others which scorns to do anything, or 
leave anything undone by which any person shall be 
made less happy or mor? unhappy than we should be 
willing to be ourselves 'f we were in that person's 
place. All righteousness and all kindness resolve 
themselves into this power to take the other person's 
point of view; and make his true welfare a genuine 



factor in the motive of our every act. It is simply 
widening the range of aims and interests we call our 
own ; until, in the words of the Latin poet, nothing 
that concerns humanity is alien to our own human 
selves. There are two sides to every act ; distin- 
guishable as the convex and concave sides of a curve ; 
but inseparable as they. The selfish man sees the 
concave side; the side that centers all in self: he is 
blind to the convex side; the side that in ever 
widening circles affects the welfare of the world. 
Hence the selfish man is wrapped up in the little 
circle which his selfishness draws ever closer and 
tighter about him ; until the range of his vision, the 
reach of his sympathies, the size of his soul shrinks, 
shrivels, hardens and petrifies into an infinitesimal 

When a man gets to living in this little hard point 
of selfishness, all manner of sin is the inevitable 
consequence. He can steal ; for his neighbor's rights 
are on the convex side of the petty circle in which 
he lives and moves. He says sharp, cruel, cutting 
words. For those who are hurt by them are beyond 
his range of appreciation ; and he does not care. 
He has the fun of saying them; and his concern 
stops there. Licentiousness is natural to such a 
man. He can ruin a woman's whole life for a 
moment's passing pleasure ; and patronize an institu- 
tion which dooms to short-lived shame and degra- 
dation tens of thousands of women every year ; sim- 
ply because he is too small, too cruel, too heartless 
to see and feel the misery and woe all this involves 
in the great world beyond the little point of animal- 
ism to which his own selfish soul has shrunk. Such 
a man has no scruples about leaving a town without 
paying all the bills he owes. The just claims of 
workingmen, merchants and other people who have 
rendered him services or sold him goods are all out- 
side the petty circle within which the interests he 
calls his own are circumscribed. But I will not 
weary you with the long and dreary list of mean and 
cruel things which the man who lives solely on the 
inside of the circle finds it perfectly natural to do ; 
and can even boast of smart and manly ways of get- 
ting his pleasures at cost of others' pain. 

Now what can a man who lives in that narrow, 
contracted circle of his selfish appetites and passions 
make out of the teaching of Jesus? Simply nothing 
at all. Does this man know the Heavenly Father, as 
Jesus did? Not at all. No great loving Will, 
embracing the welfare of every human child, is 
revealed within this hard, cold, close circle of selfish- 
ness in which this man lives and moves. The only 
God he knows is a God of vengeance, revealed in 
the stings of conscience at times when the meanness 
and cruelty of his wanton wickedness is brought 
home to him. To this man such a conception of 
God as Jesus taught the world is utterly unintelligi- 
ble. There is in his own life no experience to con- 
struct the representation of the Heavenly Father 
out of. 

It is the same with the other teachings of Jesus. 
In Jesus' Gospel of kindness, compassion, love, ser- 
vice, self-sacrifice, there is absolutely nothing such a 
man can comprehend. You might as well try to 
teach music to the deaf, or paint the colors of the 
rainbow on the imagination of a man born blind, as 
make intelligible to such a man the loveliness of 
Jesus' character, the nobleness of humble service, the 
divineness of pity, or the heroism of well-chosen 

sacrifice. Because the man does not will to do the 
will of God, he cannot know the teaching which 
interprets that experience. 

Doing the will of God, as we have seen, is sim- 
ply living on the convex as well as the concave side 
of the circle that is drawn around us by every word 
we speak and every deed we do. The man who does 
God's will stops to consider what his act means for 
all who are affected by it ; instead of merely mak- 
ing sure that its immediate consequences are good 
for him. 

Now the man who does the will of God, learns as 
a matter of course that there is a will of God to 
do. These acts of kindness and righteousness which 
he does are not isolated and arbitrary acts ; but they 
are parts of one infinite system of righteousness, one 
supreme law of love, which includes the welfare of 
every human being, and the right relation of all 
things to each other. Such a man finds that the 
whole universe is organized on the principle of 
harmony; that all living beings maintain their places 
in it by a struggle in which only the fittest are per- 
mitted to survive ; and that in the moral sphere, the 
fitness which counts in the long run is the fitness of 
righteousness and kindness to make such a world as 
men can rejoice to live in, and in which the Creator 
of the world can find satisfaction. In other words, 
the Creative Principle of the World is a Being of 
righteousness and love; a Heavenly Father, whose 
loving will for all His children is the power that 
upholds all human institutions, and speaks with the 
authority of conscience within the individual breast. 
This teaching of Jesus, this truth of Christian expe- 
rience, each man finds for himself who begins to 
live on the outside of the curve, in loving sensitive- 
ness to the effects of his acts on the great world out- 
side himself. He finds that his concern for the wel- 
fare of others is no caprice or device of his own 
moral invention ; but is the reflection in him of a 
spiritual principle which is wrought into the struct- 
ure of the universe ; is the reproduction in him of 
the will of his Heavenly Father. 

The evidence that Jesus Christ is the rightful 
Lord and Master of mankind is of the same simple 
but irrefutable nature. Let any man do this great 
will of the Father, sensitive to the consequences of 
his life for others as keenly as he is to its consequences 
to himself. The way proves hard, at times apparently 
impossible. He falls short of it every day of his life. 
He is in despair; tempted to doubt whether this way 
of life be more than an ideal dream. Out of his 
failure, his shortcoming, his defeat and doubt, he 
looks at Jesus Christ; and he finds Him standing 
serenely on the heights which he himself is 
struggling ineffectually to gain. In Him he 
sees the perfection of this Will of God, not as an 
aspiration but as an achievement ; not as an ideal 
to be reached for, but as an experience won, and 
held, and offered as the accomplished solution of the 
spiritual problem. This man knows by the witness 
of experience that Christ is the revealer of the 
Father's perfect will ; that beyond His principle and 
sp.irit it is impossible for the world ever to advance ; 
that He is therefore in a unique and precious sense 
the Son of God and the Savior of the world. 

The man who does God's will, soon learns by 
subtle sympathy to recognize the multitudes of per- 
sons who are living in the same spirit as that in 
which he is trying to live; in other words he knows 



that there is one Holy Spirit striving for expression 
in the lives of the great company of Christ's true fol- 
lowers. He knows that the sins of every man who 
truly repents are forgiven ; because the divine spirit 
of forgiveness he finds springing up in his own 
heart ; and he knows, as Jesus teaches, that the 
Father is not less forgiving than His spirit prompts 
His true sons to be. He knows the divineness of 
wisely accepted sacrifice as a fact of his own expe- 
rience. He knows the law of love to be supreme; 
because obedience to it is the highest and holiest 
experience of his life. He has assurance of immor- 
tality ; because this life of love is too vast to be 
wrought out in time; too high to be permitted to 
pass into nothingness ; too dear to God to be left 
thwarted, or cast aside unfulfilled. 

Such is the evidence for all that is essential in the 
teaching of Jesus. It is the evidence of experience. 
It is sufficient; and as Jesus said a sure mark of a 
wicked generation to ask for extraneous signs and 
adventitious arguments. 

If we look for a higher Will than our own, we 
shall find it ; if we do not look, we shall see nothing 
beyond the narrow horizon of our own selfish appe- 
tites and interests. Whether you find God or not 
depends altogether on your own attitude of heart 
and will. There is no merely intellectual argument 
that can ever compel a man to become a Christian, 
or demonstrate the truths of Christianity to him in 
advance of his own experience. The only argument 
is testimony; and that must be verified in one's own 
experience before it amounts to demonstration. 

On the other hand there is absolutely no valid 
intellectual argument against such essential features 
of Christian truth as we have been considering. If 
multitudes of men find in their experience that these 
things are so, no amount of reasoning can ever prove 
that they are not so. Hence the whole burden of 
our spiritual responsibility rests on the will. If a 
man offers any merely intellectual reason for not 
being a Christian, he is simply deceiving himself. 
You might as well offer a theoretical reason for not 
being a swimmer or a skater, a violinist or a his- 
tologist. These are all ways of living and acting 
which people have found possible, actual, and for the 
most part profitable and interesting. If you are not 
a skater it is not due to any peculiarity in the proper- 
ties of ice or the laws of motion. It is simply 
because you are not willing to put on the skates. If 
you do not swim, it is because you do not trust your- 
self to the water. If you do not .play the violin, it 
is because you have not the patience to practice. If 
you do not master the science of histology, it is 
because you prefer to look on big things with your 
eyes rather than to look at little things through the 
microscope. Precisely so, if you are not a Christian, 
it is because you prefer to do as you happen to 
feel like doing, or as you want to do, or as the people 
around you are doing, rather than make it a practice 
to find out, in the way commonly called prayer, what 
the perfect will is in each case, and reverently strive 
that that perfect will may be done even at personal 
cost and sacrifice. Christianity is a way of life; and 
the man who is a Christian finds that way better 
than any other; and therefore believes in it. The 
man who is not a Christian has hit upon some other 
way of life which he finds, or professes to find, more 
to his liking. And the reason is his own moral and 
spiritual affinities ; the responsibility is upon his 

heart and will. In vain does he try to shift it off 
upon his intellect ; and conceal his moral and spirit- 
ual selfishness under the guise of intellectual sin- 
cerity. There is no intellectual reason that is valid 
against essential Christianity. For Christianity is an 
experience, like botany and mathematics, like golf 
and tennis, like music and painting; like hunting and 
fishing; and its proof is of precisely the same nature; 
the proof of experience. And this experience must in 
the first instance be taken on the testimony of others, 
to be verified as one's own experience comes. 

Once more let me guard myself against misunder- 
standing. I have carefully ruled out of what is 
essential to Christianity all doubtful and debatable 
questions of past or present external facts. In what 
is essential to Christianity I have included nothing 
that any scientific discovery could possibly call in 
question ; nothing that the discovery of a new manu- 
script, or the discrediting of an old document could 
establish or disprove. The unfortunate condition of 
Christianity in many quarters to-day comes from the 
mixing up of spiritual with scientific and historical 
matters. Men who are utterly devoid of all intellect- 
ual seriousness, who have never touched so much as 
the tips of their intellectual fingers to the burdens 
laid on modern scholarship, stoutly profess their 
assent to discredited scientific theories, untenable 
critical positions, and unsubstantiated historical 
assumptions, misname such unwarranted assent to 
these questionable propositions "faith ;" and then 
rank all persons who refuse to join in this assent 
as infidels and atheists. Then to add insult to 
injury, they revile science, philosophy and criticism, 
setting all these things over against that uncritical 
assent which they miscall faith. These scribes and 
Pharisees, though often well-meaning men, and 
often sitting in the very seat of Moses, are the most 
dangerous enemies of Christianity to-day, as their 
predecessors were the persons who, more than the 
publicans and the harlots, strained even the patience 
of Jesus almost to the breaking point. True faith 
is a very different thing from that. It is faith in 
spiritual truth, attested in the experience of others, 
and to be verified in the subsequent experience of 
the individual is a perfectly reasonable attitude ; the 
only way in which a man can enter any new sphere 
of life, practical, scientific, artistic, or religious. 
This faith which seeks the God others have found in 
the desire to know and do His holy will ; this faith 
which follows the Christ who has led others to a 
glorious character, in the hope of attaining a like 
character for one's self; this faith which first sees in 
others a better spirit than his own, and tries to 
reproduce and share this spirit in his own life; this 
reasonable, practical, essential faith, I earnestly 
commend to you all. 

Members of the Graduating Class : The greatest 
debt of your lives you owe to Christianity. The 
pure and gentle quality of the homes from which 
you come, the love and sacrifice that has fol- 
lowed you from the hearts of fathers and mothers, 
the training in school and college, the atmosphere of 
society and the institutions of free government all 
have been developed under Christian influences. If 
we were to take out of this college, for example, the 
money that has been given under essentially and 
avowedly Christian motives, there would not be left 
the salary of a single professor, nor a room for a 
single class to recite, nor books enough to equip a 



single department. As sons of Christian homes, as 
citizens of a Christian state, as graduates of a Christ- 
ian college, this great debt you ought to recognize 
and honestly attempt to repay. 

Like everything that lives and works in this 
world, Christianity has a body; and that body is 
imperfect. That body of Christianity is the church. 
The church is in many ways imperfect to-day. You 
will meet those imperfections in the churches which 
you enter. In one you will find that a wise and 
beneficent organization has become incrusted with 
absurd sacerdotal pretensions. In another, that dig- 
nified and beautiful rites and ceremonies have been 
endowed with magical, mysterious and sacramental 
efficacy. In another that sentimental pietism has 
almost obliterated the sharp distinctions between 
right and wrong. In another that artificial rhetoric 
has almost diverted preaching from its rebuke of sin, 
and call to righteousness. You will hear sermons 
you cannot agree with, find articles in creeds you 
cannot sign; associate with people, as Jesus did with 
Judas, whom you cannot altogether trust. You will 
be tempted to withdraw from the whole connection 
in disgust. Remember that it is a temptation; and 
do not yield. 

See the imperfections of the church as 
clearly as you please, correct them every chance 
you get; but do it from the inside in Christian 
love and humility, not from the outside in the vanity 
of self-conceit. As you would be useful in the world 
you are about to enter, be faithful to this great spirit- 
ual institution, which, in spite of all its failings, is 
the great historic instrumentality which, long before 
we were born was preparing for us the very best 
things we now enjoy; and long after we are dead, 
will conserve and perpetuate the highest ideals to 
which we can consecrate our lives. 

At all events, whatever other blunders you may 
make, never use the learning you have gained in this 
Christian institution as a base pretext for neglect 
of the common duties of the Christian life. For in 
the first place it would be gross ingratitude to the 
source of your deepest obligations ; and in the second 
place it would be as fallacious and absurd, as to 
offer your college education as a reason for not being 
a yachtsman, or a mountain-climber, or an artist or 
a diplomat. Christianity, like all these activities of 
man, is an experience. If you don't want it, if you 
have found a nobler and more generous and more 
heroic life, why say so, and give proof of it by living 
a purer, gentler, more self-sacrificing life than that 
of the Christian ; but you shall never, never say that 
you have learned anything in this college or any- 
where else which has enabled you to disprove the 
realities of Christian experience. 

I have brought you to-day no new message. It is 
the old truth, rediscovered in its reHgious applica- 
tion by Augustine and Luther, as the precedence of 
faith over both knowledge and works : reaffirmed by 
Kant and Schopenhauer as the philosophical doc- 
trine of the primacy of the will over the intellect; 
proclaimed to-day by James and Paulsen as the 
prime importance of the will to believe as the basis 
of selecting the ideals which in turn shall dominate 
our lives. The Christian experience you can neither 
prove or disprove in advance. You can have it if 
you want it; and by experience of your own verify 
its truth, as ten thousand times ten thousand and 
thousands of thousands have done before. You can 

go without it if you will, and let your souls shrink 
and shrivel and wither and die the slow, degrading 
death of selfishness and sensuality, as hundreds of 
thousands of people are doing to-day. The issue 
turns not on the proof of propositions in your minds, 
but on the battle of ideals appealing to your wills. 

The best wish the college cherishes for you is 
that you may have this great Christian experience 
of a righteous and generous life, founded on a rever- 
ent recognition of the righteousness and goodness 
of God, kept constantly alive by personal fellowship 
with Jesus Christ, the Master of this best way to 
live; reinforced by the support and sympathy of the 
goodly company of those who under an endless vari- 
ety of forms and symbols are striving to walk in this 
blessed way. We wish this best gift for you all, 
because we know it will mean steadiness in the 
temptations that are sure to come; patience in the 
trials of which every useful life is crowded full ; 
cheerfulness in the sacrifices every great soul is con- 
stantly called upon to make; serenity under the fire 
of criticism which every man expects for every true 
word he dares to say and every deed above the aver- 
age virtue he ventures to perform. In spite of all 
the imperfection of the earthen vessels in which it is 
embodied, the Christian life, with its sense of doing 
not one's own will, but the glorious will of God, is 
the one effective way the world has thus far dis- 
covered to keep men humble in prosperity, cheerful 
in adversity, generous in wealth and unenvying in 
poverty, happy in obscurity and modest in promi- 
nence, resolute in weakness and gentle in power, 
fearless of oppressors, and pitiful to the oppressed, 
remorseless against one's own shortcoming and 
charitable toward the failing of others. 

Any one who in the slightest degree has learned 
the secret of this Christian life; any one who knows 
what it is to go through life, not playing for his own 
hand to win some paltry, selfish good, but, day by 
day, offering his life, and work, and influence and 
power as a little contribution to the good will of 
God, and the welfare of the world ; any one who 
knows in the least degree what that is will tell you 
that ali the wealth you can pile up; all the honors 
you can win, all the affections you may cultivate, all 
the knowledge you may gain ; though of the highest 
worth when hallowed and sanctified by such an 
underlying fellowship with God, are in themselves 
not to be thought of for a moment in comparison to 
the one greatest of man's blessings ; the sense of 
sonship to the living God. and the peace and the 
power that come from honestly trying to do his kind 
and righteous will. That is why the last, best wish 
of the college is that each and every one of you may 
will to do the will of God and gain the insight into 
truth and the blessings upon life which this experi- 
ence brings. 

On Monday evening came the Junior Prize 
Speaking in Memorial Hall, with the following 
program : 

Against Imperialism. — Hoar. 

Merrill Blanchard. 
American Battle-Flags. — Schurz. 

Thomas Carter White. 
The Stricken South. — Grady. 

Scott Clement Ward Simpson. 



An Appeal to the People. — Bright. 

Farnsworth Gross Marshall. 
Unjust National Acquisition. — Corwin. 

Selden Osgood Martin. 
Revolutionary Rising. — Read. 

*George Hinkley Stover. 
The Crime Against Kansas. — Sumner. 

Clement Franklin Robinson. 
Fair Play for Women. — Curtis. 

Blaine Spooner Viles. 
The First Settler's Story. — Carleton. 

Leon Valentine Walker. 
The Strenuous Life. — Roosevelt. 

♦Charles Carroll Shaw. 
The Rescue at Dawn. — King. 

Harrie Linwood Webber. 
The Vagabonds. — Trowbridge. 

Bertram Louis Smith. 


The judges, Hon. Frederick H. Appleton 
of Bangor, '66; Rev. Percival F. Marston of 
Lewiston, '88 ; and Frank L. Staples of Bath, 
'89, awarded the first prize to Harrie Linwood 
Webber of Lewiston, and the second prize to 
Selden Osgood Martin of Foxcroft. 

The exhibition was highly creditable to the 
contestants and the class. It is possible that 
this is the last Junior Prize Declamation to 
take place at Bowdoin, because of the growing 
feeling that mere declamation is not appropri- 
ate for Juniors. A debate may replace the 
speaking, or the program of Commencement 
Week may be shortened by the omission of 
any Junior exercises and the transference of 
some other feature of the week to Monday 


Tuesday, the day of all days for the grad- 
uating class, opened bright and warm, but in 
the middle of the afternoon clouds gathered 
and rain marred the complete success of the 
day, as it did in 1899. The literary and social 
success of the exercises was perfect, and the 
interruption which the rain brought will easily 
be forgotten. The class officers who were 
directly connected with the proceedings of the 
day were the President, Harold Randall 
Webb ; the Committee of Arrangements, 
Andrew Stroud Rodick, Chairman, Frederic 
Alva Stanwood, and Eben Richer Haley; and 
the Marshal, John Appleton. 

The exercises of the morning, in Memorial 
Hall, began with prayer by Eben Ricker 

Haley. The Class Oration by George Row- 
land Walker and the Class Poem by Daniel 
Irving Gross followed. Music was furnished 
by the Salem Cadet Band, which has attended 
nearly every Bowdoin Commencement for 
twenty years. 

Class Day Oration. 

Public Service in the United States. 

During the last thirty-five years, a profound 
transformation has taken place in the United States, 
in the organization and development of industry. 
The rapid growth and concentration of large capi- 
talistic corporations have been remarkable. In fact, 
the world has never seen anything comparable to the 
results of the modern system of transportation by 
land and water, never experienced in so short a time 
such an expansion of all that pertains to what is 
called business. Along with this increased import- 
ance of commercialism, has come naturally a greater 
recognition of the value and prominence of business 
ability, so that now the managers of our large cor- 
porations — the so-called Captains of Industry — have 
become the most influential and distinguished men 
in our nation. 

Now what has been the effect of this great eco- 
nomic development, on our politics? Of course the 
presence of great business ability is an advantage to 
our country. The only thing to be complained of, is 
that so little of this ability is given in the service of 
the State. Putting it mildly, we can say that there 
has been a strong tendency of late for the best brains 
of the country to be drawn out of politics and into 
business, out of our public service and into private 
service. Take such men as the Vanderbilts, the 
Goulds, Morgan, Carnegie, Rockefeller, Hill, and 
Harriman. You must admit that a good part of the 
best brains of this country are centered in that group 
of men. Yet not one of these men has ever held a 
public office ; not one has given any of his great abil- 
ity to the service of his government. We are led to 
the conclusion then, that now-a-days a business life 
offers greater attractions to a man of great abilities, 
than does a political life. 

What is the result of this? The result is that our 
public service has suffered, and has steadily decreased 
in efficiency. And no wonder that it has, when 
almost all of our best men are drawn into business, 
because that pursuit offers greater opportunities for 
the exercise of ability. This is all due to the remark- 
able change which has taken place in the organiza- 
tion and management of business on a large scale. 
It was not so in the old days. When business was 
merely shop-keeping it did not offer so great attrac- 
tions, and our best men went into public life. There 
was hardly a man of any eminence at all who did not 
sit in the Constitutional Convention of 1787. If you 
stop to think of the prominent men of this country 
in the thirty or forty years before the Civil War, 
you will probably name Calhoun, John Quincy 
Adams, Jackson, Clay and Webster — everyone 
engaged in public life. But now come forward and 
ask for the prominent men of this country to-day — 
the men who are most widely known and most talked 
about. Whom will you name? Why, Morgan, Hill, 
Carnegie, Rockefeller, Vanderbilt; and not one of 



these men in public life. A citizen of any European 
country probably could not name a single man in 
our Senate or House of Representatives, but he could 
tell you all about Morgan, Carnegie, and Rockefeller, 
because these men are known everywhere. J. P. 
Morgan is without doubt the most widely known 
and most talked about man in the whole world. 

A little consideration will easily show us that the 
quality of our public service has declined, especially 
since the Civil War. We have no men in Congress 
to-day who can be compared with Hamilton, Adams, 
Clay, and Calhoun. We have no Webster-Hayne 
Debates now-a-days. The questions are present — 
just as vital as ever ; but the men are not there to 
debate them. If we compare our Congress with the 
English Parliament in this respect, the result of our 
investigation is unfavorable to us. There is hardly 
a man in our Congress, with the exception perhaps 
of Senator Lodge, who can lay claim to any literary 
reputation : while in Parliament we find such distin- 
guished writers as Lecky, Balfour, James Bryce and 
John Morley. Although many of our office-holders 
are proficient in the arts of popular oratory, election- 
eering, and party management, but few of them have 
pursued those economic, social, or constitutional 
studies which form the basis of politics and legisla- 

And strangely, along with this deterioration in 
our public service has come a steadily increasing 
need of efficiency in our governmental organizations, 
federal, state, and local. For they have continually 
assumed greater and greater responsibilities. They 
have taken upon themselves the management of a 
great and intricate National Bank System : they 
have assumed the regulation of Railroads, Trusts 
and other quasi-public corporations. 

In view of these pressing needs in our public ser- 
vice, why is it that our best men are largely drawn 
■into private pursuits? Simply because the latter 
offer greater attractions. The industrial world of 
to-day provides the greatest opportunities that can be 
found for the man of ability. In it he can win 
greater glory, distinction, and prominence than in 
public life. Business is no longer shop-keeping. 
Everything is intensified and organized on a large 
scale. The manager of a great corporation is like 
a general in the army. He sits in his central office, 
and directs and decides upon the movements and 
destinies of the hundreds of men who are under 
him. Such a man must have all the qualities of the 
great general, the statesman, and the diplomatist 
combined. He must have level-headedness, fore- 
sight, tact, and courage, the qualities that force him 
into the teeth of difficulty and opposition, make him 
calm in the face of danger, and push him out into 
new paths to gather the rewards of well-risked ven- 
tures. "The field of business is as truly a field of 
heroism as that of war. Commercial heroes must 
sail into the mouth of Santiago River every day, and 
lone sentinels must meet the charging lines of busi- 
ness pressure with equal bravery." 

The Almighty Dollar is mightier than ever — but 
in a different way. Our millionaires are no longer 
misers and money-grabbers. They do not seek 
wealth for its own sake, but to secure the distinction 
and glory and recognition of success, to be marked 
as successful men — in short, to become members of 
the nobility of America. For we certainly do have 
an American Aristocracy. We have our Railroad 

Kings, Sugar Kings, Copper Kings, and Oil Mag- 
nates. When these men go abroad they are enter- 
tained by the noble families of Europe, and are given 
much greater recognition' than our Senators or Cab- 
inet Ministers receive. And here in this country the 
industrial Kings receive the greatest of recognition, 
and homage. When a Railroad King travels, the 
newspapers come out with big headlines, and give 
pictures of his private car, and of the apartments 
which he will occupy in his hotel, while large crowds 
turn otit to get a glimpse of him as he passes through 
a town. Why all this? Because he is the American 
Prince, and people like to read about him and talk 
about him, and tell their less fortunate neighbors 
that they have even seen him. I tell you, we admire 
a man who can make a million dollars, because we 
know that he must be the possessor of extraordinary 
abilities. The only thing to be complained of, is 
that these great powers have not been given to the 
service of the State. You can lay the blame 
nowhere except on our recent economic development, 
and the greater attractions which it has brought to 
business pursuits. 

The greater range of interest, and the greater play 
of powers which the business man has, can easily be 
s^en by making a few comparisons between public 
and private life. The State of Massachusetts, for 
instance, has an annual income of about seven (7) 
million dollars, has 6.000 employees, and pays its 
Governor a salary of $6,500. Compare these figures 
with those of one of the large business organizations 
of that state, like the Boston & Maine Railroad, which 
has a capital of forty-three millions, and an annual 
revenue of twenty millions. The Pennsylvania 
Railroad has an annual income of $115,000,000, pays 
its president $30,000 a year, and has over 100.000 
employees. Which would you rather be, the Gov- 
ernor who gets $6,000 a year, or the Railroad Pres- 
ident who gets $30,000? Which position demands 
the greater executive ability, that of the Governor 
who handles $7,000,000 annually, and employs 6,000 
men, or that of the railroad man, who handles $115,- 
000,000 and employs 100,000 men? Is it any wonder 
that the best brains of the country sit in the directors' 
meetings of our corporations, and not in our legisla- 
tive halls? The presidents of three large life insur- 
ance companies in New York City, get salaries rang- 
ing from $50,000 to $100,000. It is claimed that Mr. 
Schwab, the president of the Steel Trust, gets a sal- 
ar}' of a million dollars a year. And all of these 
men are exercising their remarkable powers in the 
service of private corporations, and the public ser- 
vice of the nation continues to suffer. 

Such, I think, has been the effect of our recent 
economic development, on our politics. If we put it 
very mildly, we can say that there is at least a strong 
tendency for our best men to go into business, rather 
than into public life. It is evident, that with the 
increasing needs of efficiency in our government, 
something must be done to check this tendency. 
Some movement must be set on foot to get better 
men to go into politics. We must have men who 
will, like William P. Frye, make politics in the higher 
sense their career in life. We must make men see 
the patriotism and the glory in entering the public 
service, in laying their abilities on the shrine of their 

For the solution of this problem, one hopeful sign 
is noticeable. What I have said about the general 



deterioration of our public service both local and 
federal, does not apply with equal force to the New 
England States, and does not apply at all to the State 
of Maine. In this State our most able men continue 
to devote themselves to public service, and not to 
business. The great spirit of commercialism has 
not yet reached our State — our business organizations 
here do not offer greater attractions or provide 
greater opportunities for the exercise of ability, than 
does the public service of our State and our Nation. 
We ought to thank a merciful Providence for keep- 
ing our little industrial world from outshining our 
public life. Whatever may be true of other states, 
it still remains an honor and a privilege to be Gov- 
ernor of the State of Maine, or to represent this 
State in the National Congress. However great may 
have been the deterioration in the quality of our 
national legislators as a whole, the delegations sent 
from the Pine Tree State have been the brilliant 
exceptions to the general rule. They have been the 
leading spirits in the national halls of legislation for 
many years — men whose honor has been as stainless 
and whose patriotism as pure as that of the noblest 
statesman the world has ever known. Maine may 
well be proud of such noted public men as Blaine, 
Frye, Hale, Reed, Dingley, Boutelle and Littlefield. 

You all remember the story of that beautiful 
Roman matron, Cornelia Gracchus, who, when asked 
to show her jewels, brought forth her two sturdy 
sons, Tiberius and Caius, and said, "These are my 
jewels." And so we, of the State of Maine, always 
point to our men — especially to our public men — as 
our jewels. New York may produce her Railroad 
Kings, South Carolina her Cotton Kings, Montana 
her Copper Kings ; but Maine must continue to pro- 
duce, as she has in the past, her Statesmen. 

And in the men which Maine has produced, Bow- 
doin has taken the leading part. This institution has 
proved itself pre-eminently a trainer for men in pub- 
lic life. Its excellence in this respect is amply tes- 
tified to by the careers of such men as William Pitt 
Fessenden, John A. Andrew, Chief Justice Fuller, 
Thomas B. Reed, Senator Frye, Senator Hale, and 
many others. And even among the best men whom 
other states than our own are sending to Wash- 
ington, we find many Bowdoin men, who, like Sen- 
ator Gibson and Congressman Alexander, stand in 
the front rank. It devolves on us, then, who have 
had the benefit of education and training at Bowdoin 
College, not only as citizens of Maine or New 
England, but also as representatives of our Alma 
Mater, to keep up the high standard that has been 
set before us, and to offer whatever ability we may 
have, to the public service of this nation. For that 
service, as a whole, is surely deteriorating. It lies 
with us to help maintain and increase its general 
quality and its standard of efficiency. 

In this class of fifty men which is about to leave 
forever the institution which has trained them so 
well, and which has become so dear to them all, 
through sacred associations and friendships, eleven 
men will enter the profession of medicine, about an 
equal number will become lawyers, and the rest will 
probably engage in business of some kind. But I 
hope, I believe, that during our lives, every one of 
us will fee! it his duty, nay his privilege, to enter 
into some part of public life, either in the local or 
State Governments, or in the greater sphere of 
national politics. 

And may we always keep before us this motto 
given by our own immortal poet, on that beautiful 
afternoon, 27 years ago, when he addressed his 
classmates and friends in the church on the hill : 

"Write on your doors the saying wise and old, 
'Be not too bold !' yet better the excess 
Than the defect; better the more than less; 
Better like Hector in the field to die, 
Than like perfumed Paris turn and fly.' 

— G. Rowland Walker. 

Class Day Poem. 
Deep the foundation of the temple vast 
Of learning ; on its firm imbedded rock, 
Smooth-chiselled by the hands of ages past, 
Are symbols of dead races which the shock 
Of battle shattered ; or, midst herd and flock, 
Mayhap they dwelt in peace afar from war, 
Its horrors dread and manifold to mock 
With calm and quiet days, with all they saw 
In beauteous fields and native hills where love was 


Barbarian and pagan much have giv'n 
To fill our cup of knowledge to the brim, 
Long in the darkness they have toiled and striv'n 
To master all the teeming world; how dim 
The light by which they labored and how grim 
Their struggle toward the bright and happy day 
Of wisdom ! to their massive work we hymn 
A generous praise ; across the ages play 
Eternal beams from kindred souls with broadening 

Far on the verge of time grey Asia rose 
And to the world her contribution gave, 
Hoary her locks, but patient eyes disclose 
A face of youth and beauty such as save 
In every lineament no mien of slave, 
But strength of master, great, benign in years, 
Not bowing down to youth, or king or knave, 
A grave and stately queen her ancient fears 
She quells ; and to the West her brow of wisdom 

While our young land beside the slumbering sea, 
In age of stone lay huge and dim, unknown 
To travelers ; ere yet it bent the knee 
To rushing hosts, ere yet its forests lone 
Gave way to levelled plain and princely stone, 
The distant, passive East her temples built, 
E'en then, as in all centuries since flown, 
To find a God to dissipate her guilt 
Of fields and homes rude torn or blood untimely 


Philosophy and art she early drew 
From springs of nature flowing rich and deep; 
Her rule of life, though old, is ever new, 
Guiding the throbbing heart o'er moor and steep 
By star of hope, where love and duty keep 



Their watch eternal over wandering man, 
Till low he lies in his immortal sleep, 
Which mightiest have not fathomed ; no one can 
Ere future time reveal the universal plan. 

Farewell the East ! fain would we linger there 
To view the mighty works done by her hand, 
To see man's ancient cradle resting where 
By time it first was formed from mounts that 

Toward heaven, with majestic, snowy band 
Deep sparkling in the sun's unending beams ; 
From rolling plains of the far-stretching land, 
From vales sequestered and the jewelled streams, 
From wild Himalaya's brow, whence lofty grandeur 


Race after race from out the Orient came, 

And with them learning round the world hath 

Wise men of Egypt have a deathless name 
On the broad scroll of sages who have flung 
Deep light adown the years, whose voices rung 
True to the everlasting, pulsing soul, 
Whose visions ran far upward, as the}' sung 
Of stars, that dimly they might solve the whole 
Vast universe, and mark for man a higher goal. 

Across the sea fair Grecia skirts the wave 
Of warm, luxurious clime and sunny sky ; 
Clear is the air in which her islands lave 
Their sacred, wooded tops ; Ida on high 
Lifts up her far-famed crest ; soft zephyrs sigh 
Above, around Pentelicus that stands, 
A mighty summit, 'neath whose shadows lie 
The palaces of Athens; other lands 
Possess not walk like these upreared by faultless 


Still linger remnants of her golden age, 
That age of song and sculpture, speech divine, 
She is not dead, for yet the living page 
And beauteous columns are her ample shrine 
Worshipped by generations ; no decline 
Doth mark the steps of freedom ; upward tend 
Their noble paths, though tyranny combine 
To bar their way. Still Marathon doth send 
Its silent, serried ranks loved freedom to defend. 


O, may we ne'er forget that liberty 
Hath ever fought with despots and with kings, 
Hath wrenched her native rights, after long plea, 
From power unwilling, arrogant, that wrings 
Its pallid victim unto death ! Who sings 
The praise of empire treading down a race 
Full of high aspiration, he who brings 
Such offering of simulated grace, 
With sin doth desecrate high freedom's altar-place. 

O Rome ! imperial Rome ! unlike to thee 
Thy sister city of a gentler mould ; 
How sad, how rugged is thy history! 

Thine arms subdued proud Carthage; then they 

In surging masses on barbarians bold; 
At last beneath their -hordes thou too did'st fall, 
A victim to thyself, when thou hadst sold 
Thyself to days lascivious, to hall 
Of luxury; these were thy dark, funereal pall. 

Crumbled the Coliseum ! gone the day 
Once eloquent with tongue and moving throng ! 
Yet tenderly we walk the Appian way, 
And wrapt in wondrous memories linger long. 
The Empire dead ! yet right survives the wrong, 
Law lives forever justice to secure, — 
This was thy gift, O Rome ! that with the strong 
The weak and humble happily are sure 
Of a protection writ on tables that endure. 

A thousand years of night o'er Italy ! 
And horrid, ending in the blackest crime! 
But as the darkest billow of the sea 
With phosphorescence gleams in summer clime, 
So. in that land of passion, in that time 
Of hideous mockeries of life, a gleam 
Of wisdom, with a radiance sublime. 
Far-reaching, fell upon a loathsome stream 
Of sensual decay, — a dark, voluptuous dream. 

Forth from the North the rough-hewn Teuton 

And in the noisome South rich treasure won ; 
For us how happy that the bright'ning flame 
Of intellect was saved; that rising sun 
Hath ever higher mounted ; beams have run 
Along Europa's shore, and o'er the wave 
That laves a land whose hardy souls have done 
Vast enterprise ; the might of England gave 
To science larger realms, life to a fettered slave. 

Joyous the day, and unto truth most dear, 
When many a dusky form its youth renews, 
The throne that breaks old manacles draws neat 
To things divine ; and after-times shall muse 
In tenderness on such a deed that strews 
Bright garlands o'er a nation of renown, 
And all the world with higher faith imbues, 
And sacred honor meriting no frown, 
A noble heritage, the noblest of a crown. 

What royal gifts have come from age to age 
To us who walk these ample halls no more ! 
How many a lesson on the peaceful page ! 
The shouts of freedmen, ring from shore to shore 
And taught of strife that curses evermore 
, The nations, loud we hail approaching morn, 
* That opes on quiet days the crystal door 
Of heav'n and unto struggling man forlorn 
Brings joy and love and peace his spirit to adorn. 

Around its living ages seethe and roll 
In surges from the past's wide-moving sea. 
And breaking on the shores of time and soul, 



Give hope and faith in immortality. 
We hear the west-wind sweeping o'er the lea, 
The stars in nightly grandeur we discern, 
We feel the majesty and mystery 
With longings deep ; for science doth return 
To growing mind the heavens all infinite to learn. 

The tiniest flower that breaks the clinging sod, 
The downy throat that warbles humblest song, 
Are but the changing elements of God, 
And we with song and flower to Him belong. 
And if we in the swiftly moving throng 
Forget the nobly harmony we rung, 
Forget the Spirit, whence, in aeons long, 
Our lineage and we mysterious sprung, 
May we the fields renew and hear the songs once 


Farewell, ye halls ! 'tis here in youth we found 
Our being ; here look down the ancient days 
Upon us ; hoary intellect renowned 
Sends greeting o'er the broad and silent ways 
With eloquence of fervid soul that plays 
Around our hearts ; here have we cherished long 
The loyal friend, and memory now lays 
Its subtle hand upon us ; 'mid the wrong 
Of life its touch shall e'er remain to make us strong. 


The dawn is breaking ! to the world we go. 
Forth to the noon and not to misty night ; 
Our sun, in waning beauty, ne'er burns low; 
Behind us is the everlasting light 
Full-beaming; now, on our far-yearning sight, 
'Tis day, — and struggling men who oft repine 
Await our coming. In the mid-day bright 
'Tis ours to meet them, their hard lot to refine 
And with our lives make theirs more blessed, more 

According to the custom for Bowdoin Class 
Days endeared by the usage of many years, the 
Seniors and their friends assembled under the 
Thorndike Oak for the exercises of the after- 
noon, at three o'clock. Here Edward Swazey 
Anthoine welcomed the visitors in the follow- 
ing Opening Address : 

During the past year it has been heralded to a 
considerable extent throughout the country that 
this is the centennial year of the opening of Bow- 
doin College. The centennial year ! What a mul- 
titude of thoughts those three words bring to the 
mind. Like a vision the past with its trials, its 
hardships, its failures, and its ultimate successes, 
rises before us. Our thoughts are drawn back to 
the early days of the college when the first class 
was preparing to enter the new and hitherto untried 
institution of learning. It was but a small class, a 
class of only seven, and the college itself, the pos- 
sessor of but one building, a president, and one 
professor, was but a miniature of a college. Yet 
from this small and insignificant beginning has 
evolved the Bowdoin of to-day. 

Truly has it been said that symbolical of Bow- 
doin's growth, has been the growth of this, its far 
famed Thorndike Oak. As the oak has grown from 
the acorn planted before Massachusetts Hall, as it 
has unfolded and expanded through the century, each 
year becoming larger, stronger, nobler than in the 
last, so Bowdoin has yearly grown in prosperity and 
power, so has it extended its sphere of influence 
that the American Republic, itself, bears indelibly 
stamped upon its institutions, the influence of Bow- 
doin. But yet, unlike the oak, which in time must 
decay and fall, Bowdoin will still advance in pros- 
perity, in power, and in usefulness. 

As we pass our hundred year mark, as we stand 
at the beginning of a new century, a new era in the 
history of the college, it is well that we pause for a 
moment and consider the great achievements of a 
century, the magnificent record of the past, and from 
it draw our hopes for the future. It is in this judg- 
ment of the past, in this appeal to history alone, 
that we can gain an adequate conception of the 

As we look back in our history the greatness of 
Bowdoin is more and more impressed upon us, for it 
must ever be in the list of its alumni, in the achieve- 
ments of its graduates that the true greatness of a 
college or a university is to the found. The college 
that produced Longfellow, the greatest poet America 
has known, the college of Hawthorne, of Franklin 
Pierce, of John A. Andrew, of Elijah Kellogg, of 
Howard, of Hubbard, of Peary, of Chamberlain, 
Putnam, Frye. Reed and Fuller, surely that is a col- 
lege to claim from us a lasting love and admiration, 
a college we shall be proud to call Alma Mater. 
Such men as these and others almost equally 
renowned have undoubtedly exerted a tremendous 
influence on the development of our country, some 
indeed have left a permanent inpression on our 
institutions ; all have been loyal, patriotic and help- 
ful citizens. 

It has ever been the claim of Bowdoin that she 
is to be regarded not simply as the producer of great 
scholars, men famed in science and the classics, but 
also is she to be regarded as the maker of men ; men 
who are capable of guiding and directing their fel- 
low beings in the diverse and complicated affairs of 
life. Seldom have been the years in which the 
Congress of the United States has not contained a 
goodly number of Bowdoin men. To-day we are 
represented by such men as Gibson, Alexander, 
Allen and Stevens. For many years the National 
House was ably presided over by a Bowdoin man ; 
to-day in the presidency of the Senate there is a 
Bowdoin man ; to-day at the head of the Supreme 
Judiciary of the United States there stands a Bow- 
doin man. Surely Bowdoin has made good her claim 
that she is the maker of men. 

But not for us is the past most essential. We 
glory in its triumphs, in the men it has produced, and 
the power for good which they have been. It 
remains with us, the graduating class, and the classes 
of the present to maintain in its integrity the high 
standard set before us. New and perplexing ques- 
tions are ever arising to demand a solution. Econ- 
omists will tell you that with the beginning of the 
Spanish-American War we entered upon a new 
stage in the development of the nation. Old ideals 
are fast breaking down, not because they were not 
once efficient and valid, but because we can no 



longer live under them. It is impossible for us now 
to abide by the policy laid down in Washington's 
Farewell Address, though it was once the criterion 
of American politics. The Constitution, itself, 
originally intended for the government of a country 
of rural communities, has in many cases proved 
inadequate. Too often the question arises, not, is 
it wisest to do this, but may we do this. 

Since the Civil War we have developed a labor 
question similar to that of Europe. We have 
developed an industrial system which demands the 
concentration of labor and capital, the formation of 
trusts, and combinations. It is useless to attempt 
to do away with them : they are the inevitable result 
of our development. Their evils, however, must be 
obviated. It rests with the college man. as the man 
best fitted, to solve these problems. He must not 
stand aside, allowing the less efficient to attempt the 
solution of problems of such gravity. Not for him, 
solely, have been his education and culture. The 
race has a duiy to demand of every individual, and 
he to whom much has been entrusted must in turn 
render much. 

In all the crises through which we have sailed in 
the past Bowdoin has played her part well, so it is 
with implicit trust and confidence that we look for- 
ward to her influence on the problems of the future. 

And now that we are about to leave her halls, on 
this, the last day set apart for us as undergraduates 
to celebrate, it seems almost unnecessary to extend a 
formal welcome to our friends. This is our day of 
festivity and happiness, and we trust you will join 
with us in celebrating it. Ladies and gentlemen, 
friends of the class, and of the college, as spokes- 
man for my class it gives me great pleasure to wel- 
come you to these, our Class Day exercises. 

The Historian was next, Erwin Garfield 
Giles, with the following comprehensive narra- 
tive of the doings of the famous class of which 
he was the representative. 

Class History. 

The summer vacation has drawn to a close and 
the nineteenth of September brought with it the 
return of the college boys to Brunswick. During 
that and the preceding day, at the arrival of each 
train groups of enthusiastic young fellows were to 
be seen heartily greeting each other. On every side 
there was handshaking, laughter and shouting, and 
the scene was one characterized by good humor and 
levity. Scattered throughout these jovial groups 
were to be seen other youths, of a more serene and 
perhaps a more dignified appearance, who were not 
being met by old acquaintances, but were for the 
first time looking into the faces of those who were 
to be their fellow collegians. 

Although strangers, nevertheless our welcome 
was a cordial one for every one appeared to be inter- 
ested in us and couldn't do too much for us. But 
as the patient taking the Keeley Cure is first given all 
the liquor he cares to drink, so our pride and dig- 
nity were only stimulated on our arrival. Our first 
assemblage as a class was on the opening morning 
of chapel. As usual we found the Freshman forms 
carefully polished with a new coating of thick var- 

nish — poorly spread on — and on seating ourselves 
some of our more observing members remarked on 
the amount on their individual seats. How our 
young hearts beat during the exercises ! The 
"amen" was pronounced, down the aisle came the 
Seniors followed by the Juniors shouting: "Rush 
'em, Fresh." "They're easy meat." "Keep your 
hats on." Next came the anxious Sophomores and 
the rush began. For a moment the Sophomore 
phalanx held, until some one smote "Skeet" as to his 
ribs and his wrath was kindled within his breast, and 
so great was his indignation that he broke through 
their lines dragging Bunter Hunt behind him. The 
first chapel rush was ours. Elated by our first vic- 
tory we held a class meeting in which it was voted 
to grant adjourns to the Faculty for the rest of the 

The foot-ball rush on the Delta gave us another 
victory ; in the rope pull between the Sophomores 
and Freshmen, plus enough upper classmen to keep 
the balance of power, we carried off the rope to be 
divided among ourselves as souvenirs. The peanut 
drunk was a cinch — Sid Noyes broke through the 
Soph outposts to the chapel steps where he smashed 
the jug arid scattered the peanuts. 

But while we were rejoicing over our many victo- 
ries gained by day, as the shades of darkness fell 
around us, terror came with it. The air seemed full 
of the demons of the night and our rooms became 
like the fortified castles of old, besieged by the enemy 
without. Into the early hours of the morning the 
hideous yells and shouts of those infernal beings 
could be heard, intermingled with the sweet and 
harmonious voices of some poor, unfortunate Fresh- 
men who had been captured by them and were trying 
to charm and to convert the miserable savages by the 
soft and melodious strains of some such song as : 
"O, where is my wandering boy to-night," and 
"Nearer, My God, to Thee." It is even reported 
that Bobby Benson — better known as "Robbin" by the 
young ladies of Brunswick — stood two hours on the 
post office steps one cold, windy day, fanning him- 
self with his hand to furnish amusement to the silly 
Sophomores. Of course the report is incredible. 

After the first week matters took a somewhat 
more settled state, little of interest taking place until 
the sixteenth of November: On that day we first 
demonstrated our true strength. The Sophomores 
had defeated us in base-ball by a score of 23 to 16, 
and in the foot-ball game they believed us an equally 
easy prey. They must have at least 20 points or it 
would be no game at all. We kept silent, for we 
had all to gain and nothing to lose. Five minutes 
after the whistle sounded to begin the game the poor 
Sophs found they were up against the real thing. 
They knew our signals and could tell where each 
play should go, yet they couldn't stop the advance. 
They had a problem which they couldn't solve, 
involving astronomy, physiology, and mathematics; 
for there were stars to be seen and broken bones to 
be set. "Yes," said Walker, our captain. "The 
Hunt goes around your end over the Hill and 
through the Snow," and his commands were obeyed. 
The game finished after forty hard fought minutes. 
Do you ask the score? 1901, nothing; 1902, six. 
The Sophs left the field wondering if it really could 
be true or was it only a dream. Many of them, 
when they came to their true senses, found that they 
had overrun their term's allowances and were obliged 



to send home for more money. Our next event was 
not such a marked success. The game was 
a three-hour Math. exam, to "Buck." After the 
battle smoke had cleared away and our ranks were 
scattered home, we found that six of our members 
were retired to take their "E's." How Buck Grey did 
curse the name of Buck ! 

During Thanksgiving recess for the first time, 
we were saddened by the death of one of our noblest 
and most beloved classmates, George B. Kenniston, 
who lost his life on the steamer Portland. Although 
his stay with us was only a few weeks, yet in that 
short time he had become loved and cherished by us 
all and his memory will ever remain sacred to us. 

The winter term would have been exceedingly 
tedious had it not been for the increased interest in 
the livery business stimulated by Whisker and Billy. 
Where can you find such a stable man as Mr. Hinds 
with his noble steed? Ask Swett and Stone. 

At the "opening up of spring" we were kindly 
invited to participate in the festivities by contrib- 
uting our shares of 25 cents each to defray the 
expenses. One of our members, a strong prohibi- 
tionist, Mr. Merrill, protested to the extent of 
threatening the arrest of the whole class for attempt- 
ing to interfere with his exercises in club swinging. 
He was later persuaded that the rod of chastisement 
was preferable to disfavor of the class. During the 
spring term nature revealed to us one of her greatest 
phenomena or how it was possible out of an appar- 
ently cloudless sky to have a sudden descent of 

Our dual meet with the Colby Freshmen was a 
credit to the class. With a team of onb' eight men 
we took 88 out of the 107 points, losing only one 
first place. 

Our Freshman year closed with a class banquet 
held at Riverton, the celebration of which, for certain 
of the members, lasted for several days afterwards, if 
we may believe Ben Eastman. 

The summer vacation passed, we gathered again 
not as the gentle, innocent lambs, but as wild and 
woolly Sophomores. Our membership was some- 
what changed. Nat Bailey Twycross Barker pur- 
sued a special course the second year joining us 
again as Juniors. Sexton left college for two years 
on the advice of Prexy — his health had become so 
poor that he was unable to attend to his studies. We 
lost to the class below us Blaine S. Viles, who says, 
"You're all right, you're more'n all right." Green- 
sweater, Never-take-a-bath Wood found that he 
knew more about his studies than the professors 
here, so he received a call to go to Harvard to 
instruct the professors there. He also hoped to find 
more intelligent spectators to appreciate his orig- 
inal wind-mill club-swinging. 

We found the entering class a very large one both 
in stature and in numbers. Our duty to direct the 
children in the path they should go at once became 
apparent. We believed in the old adage that : 
"Humble you must be if to Heaven you would go," 
and entertaining as we did a responsibility for their 
training, we took great care that humility should be 
instilled into their child-like minds. Once, led on by 
Webber and Green, they got so unruly as to plan to 
be real naughty and run out of chapel ahead of the 
Seniors, but a certain rainy day drowned their 
dreamy ideas. Being very much interested in the 
social development of the college, we paid to the 

Freshmen the customary evening calls, always 
accompanied by an entertainment consisting of an 
exhibition in rhetoricals, music, dancing, boxing, 
gymnastics, etc. O, what a glorious time Skeet 
Anthoine, and Bingo Rolfe, and Runt Walker, and 
Skipper Rodick had in those days, teaching Winnie 
Towne how to sing and make stump speeches while 
they ran about him pinching his legs ! 

The foot-ball game with the Freshmen fell an 
easy victory to us, thus establishing 1902 as the only 
class of Bowdoin College that has ever succeeded in 
winning the game both years. Again on Hallowe'en 
night we departed from the usual college custom by 
abstaining from the practice of decorating the trees 
of the campus. 

At the annual indoor meet our team secured a 
close second place, while the class squad, thanks to 
the faithful work of Ben Hamilton, succeeded in 
entwining the cup for the drill with ribbon of blue 
and white. 

The coming of summer obliged us to lay aside our 
studies to take up positions on the weather bureau 
where we might make a study of the artificial means 
of producing "local showers." Two of our members 
became so fondly attached to the study of Logic 
that they were given a special course in that study 
during the spring. And would you believe it, those 
same two members, Hiram and Gentle Perez, have 
taken an equal liking for Biology this last term by 
requiring a special examination from Pinkie. 
Again we ended the year by a class banquet, this time 
at the Merrymeeting Casino. 

With the close of the year came another change 
in our membership. Hamblet left to enter the busi- 
ness world. We lost in Belatty and Hoyt two good 
'varsity athletes. Emery and Stockman remained 
out of college one year to join 1903. Dan Gross ot 
the State University of Colorado and Scrappy 
Mabry of Brown University, joined us in the winter. 
From Bates we received Billy Garcelon. 

Junior year opened bright and fair. Mr. Emery, 
our Professor in Political Economy, had vacated his 
chair to fill one at Yale, so a new responsibility fell 
upon us to introduce our Freshman professor into 
the ways of "Old Bowdoin." Professor Callender 
persisted in devoting at least ten minutes of each reci- 
tation instructing us as to the etiquette and ways at 
Harvard. Under our teaching, however, he has 
come to realize that there may be other good ways 
of doing things. Although he was not kindly taken 
to at first, to-day he stands as one of the most pop- 
ular members of the Faculty. Good for 1902 ! 

During the year came the great strike when we 
came near severing our connection with the college. 
A ruling, passed by the Faculty to the effect that any 
class cut would be dealt with severely, had been dis- 
regarded by all the classes, thereby putting the honor 
of the Faculty at stake. To deal with us severely, 
those who had participated were requested to sign a 
pledge to be good and not to run away from the 
teachers any more. Here the spirit of the class was 
most beautifully shown. Each class had promised 
not to bind itself in any way until after consulting 
the other classes. But, frightened by the imposing 
appearance and uncompromising attitude of their 
smooth-tongued opponents, the Seniors and Soph- 
omores signed the pledges. Our class on meeting the 
delegates from the Faculty, were informed that we 
were in a critical position and although the Faculty 



had chosen to meet us the one of its members for 
whom we had the profoundest respect, yet rather than 
to be unfaithful to the other classes, we refused to 
make the promise. "All there is for the Junior 
Class to do is to file out," and out we filed. On 
meeting the other classes we found that 1904 alone 
had supported us. The next morning at chapel 
President Hyde notified us that all those who had 
failed to comply with the demands of the Faculty 
would be given until a certain hour that day to do so. 
The result was obvious enough : the classes were 
divided and our strength was gone. We took the 
pledge, honorably defeated. So we had to "Promise 
that as long as we remain students in Bowdoin Col- 
lege we will not unite with others to prevent, or 
attempt to prevent, a class or any considerable por- 
tion of a class from attending or intending to attend 
an appointed college exercise." We have never suc- 
ceeded in getting a similar pledge from the Faculty. 

The two most important events during the spring 
term were a vacation enjoyed by Appleton and a 
course in Gym. by Tubber Hill. In June came our 
Ivy Day. Everything passed off pleasantly and suc- 
cessfully. The exercises were of an unusually high 
order and the Class of 1902 may justly take pride 
in its highly successful Ivy Day. At the Junior 
Prize Speaking the parts of the contestants were 
exceptionally good, reflecting honor upon the class. 

At the opening of our last year Dorman was 
obliged to leave us. Bradbury, ex-1901, and Glid- 
den, an unknown quantity to the class, have come 
to graduate with us. In place of Mr. McDonald, 
who had accepted a professorship at Brown, the col- 
lege received a valuable acquisition in Dr. Dennis of 

We found no difficulty in assuming the customary 
Senior dignity — in fact we had that dignity through- 
out our Junior year. The year has gone quickly by. 
In Philosophy, Prex has put at a discount the repu- 
tation and pride of a few of us who had always 
boasted of being freely endowed with fertile imag- 
inative faculties. Some of us are beginning to 
believe in "That white horse over there." Our 
dreams in English Literature have been very pleas- 
ant ones, although sometimes interrupted by the 
thoughtlessness of Runt Walker, who has persisted 
in cuddling up in his seat and snoring, to the dis- 
comfort of others who were trying to sleep. In 
Biology we have learned how to joke and pass away 
two hours. 

Our '68 Prize Speaking was the best ever expe- 
rienced by the college. Any institution may justly 
feel proud to send forth such men as represented us 
that evening. In the indoor meet last winter we 
impressed upon the other classes our athletic ability 
by taking first place in every event except the class 
drill ; we won four points more than all the other 
classes together. In the debate with Amherst we 
were represented by Gross and Walker, with 
Anthoine as alternate. We lost the decision of the 
debate, yet the defeat was in no sense a disgrace. 
The work of our speakers was of such high order as 
to make the class, the college, and even the State 
proud of such sons. 

Our class has been an exceptional one in its 
records. The rope pull, the foot-ball rush on the 
Delta, the one on the campus, and some of the fool- 
ish customs of Hallowe'en were abolished on the 
arrival of our class to Sophomore year. The intro- 

duction of a series of base-ball games between Soph- 
omores and Freshmen was the result of abolishing 
these. Since our dual meet with Colby her Fresh- 
man Class have never cared to participate in another. 
We stand as the only class of Bowdoin College which 
has ever won both games of foot-ball. 

In every phase of college life we have been pres- 
ent to uphold the sacred honor of Old Bowdoin. 
On the diamond we have been represented by such 
men as : Folsom, Hoyt, B. Kelley, Rolfe, Sinkinson 
and Stanwood. On the gridiron we have simply 
been unrivalled, eleven men having earned their 
B's — Barker, Belatty, Eastman, Webb, Kelley, Sink- 
inson, both the Hamiltons, Fogg, and Hunt. In 
track work we have been well represented. In the 
musical world we have been no less active with 
Appleton, Furbish, Cobb, Gibson, Gross, McCann 
and Preston in the front. I have been obliged to 
exclude Bobby Benson from the list on account of 
professionalism, since Freshman year he received one 
cent from the Sophomores for a delightful solo he 
rendered in the basement of Memorial Hall. But 
pardon me, I almost forgot. Who said Tommy 
Blake couldn't play the mandolin? 

All but four of the class come from the Pine Tree 
State, three from Massachusetts, one from New 
Hampshire. Erge Kelley, the baby of the class, is 
19 years 7 months old, and weighs 190 pounds. Our 
oldest member is 28 years and weighs 102 pounds. 
The average age is 22 years 8 months. We have in 
the class two mothers, two fathers and a sister : 
there is Mother Hunt, Mother Cousens, Pa Grey, 
Father Time, and gentle sister Eben Ricker. Two of 
our members are married, sixteen are engaged, while 
Bobby Benson, Cop Fly and Nick Carter are 
extremely anxious to be. Our political views all 
coincide ; we believe in the "Full Dinner Pail," but 
not plenty of work. All of us have been to the Y. M. 
C. A. once during our course, and all but Cousens 
have taken the W. C. T. U. pledge. In the religious 
world we have been most prominent. We have 
among our number a good Rabbi, Hunt. Tissie Cobb 
and Tommy Blake have, during certain periods of 
their course, been so impressed by the necessity of 
turning out to chapel that many a morning they have 
lost their breakfast to do so. It is seldom you are 
able to find young men so ambitious and devoted to 
religious services as to attempt to follow two young 
French lassies into a women's communion at the 
Catholic Church. Yes, McCann and Rodick, it was 
unkind in the janitor to request you to leave. But 
where can you find such a man as our Captain Ben? 
Why, so high does his religious ardor run, that he 
even attempted to attend divine worship at the peril 
of being arrested while on the way to prayer- 

Forty-five members of the class are Universal 
Utilitarianists, or believe in pleasure as the ultimate 
aim of man. Stanwood and Hayes say they are 
Idealists, but inasmuch as they were conditioned in 
Philosophy and don't know what idealism means, 
we must classify them as Shilohites. Higgins and 
Swett are strong Mormons, while Grinnell and Pres- 
ton are rank Quakers. 

Sickness has afflicted us, by keeping from our 
circle during this, our last term, one whose whole 
college course has been a continual sacrifice for his 
class and college, and one in whom every memebr 
of the class takes the greatest pride. We feel most 



grateful that George Fogg is able to join us to-day 
in this celebration of the close of our college life. 

The four years have glided all too quickly by. 
We may now see the end of our college life 
approaching with our ambition unrealized and' our 
hopes destroyed; we may look back over the past 
with the feeling that many of our recitations were 
not what they might have been, but if through all 
this we have learned how to face the gravest difficul- 
ties of life and have learned how to master these 
problems ; if, furthermore, we may depart with the 
assurance of having formed friendships bound 
together by the mutual love and interest in our dear 
Alma Mater, we may go forth, with the realizing 
sense that our course has not been in vain. 

The skies were rapidly clouding up, but 
the Class Prophet, Richard Bryant Dole, was 
not dismayed, and read the following veracious 
forecast of the situation of the members of 
1902, twenty years hence : 

Class Prophecy. 

There are three recognized methods by which a 
prophet may delve into the future. He may have a 
pipe-dream or he may consult an oracle, or he may 
get drunk and see things. The first way is inex- 
pensive, since the eager seeker after knowledge can 
bum both pipe and tobacco. At first T thought I'd 
have a pipe-dream. But neither Dan Gross nor Cop 
Flye could be found. They are the only men in the 
class who smoke, so of course I could not have a 
pipe-dream. I hunted everywhere for an oracle 
without success : became very much discouraged and 
thought I'd get drunk. Now right here let me give 
you all a little piece of advice. When you get dis- 
couraged in the town of Brunswick, don't waste time 
in trying to get drunk. Mr. Bisbee has shut up 
every place in town; I could not get a drop of liquor 
in Brunswick. Your faces show that you all sym- 
pathize with me when I tell you that. Your sym- 
pathy makes it easier for me to say that I cannot 
prophesy the future of the Class of 1902. I will tell 
you instead the story of my little adventure in Tops- 
ham. The only time I ever went to Tops- 
ham. It was long ago that I went over there — I beg 
your pardon, — I intended to say it was long ahead 
that I went over there in the year of 1930. Across 
the far-reaching waters I went. Beyond the mill, 
beyond the fair-grounds, beyond the place where 
Esau eats 'em alive I wandered alone to Mount 
Ararat. I gazed away from the top of that historic 
place as Noah did of old, to see what I could see. 
There, afar off to the northwest, lay a beautiful city. 
Church-spires glistened in the spring sunshine, 
smoke streamed from tall chimneys there. What 
could be this place, I thought, and I journeyed to it. 
As I drew near, the signs of the bustle and activity 
of a busy city were evident. It was certainly a 
flourishing place. 

Can you imagine my surprise, when, after I had 
climbed over two back-yard fences and reached the 
main street, I met Erge Kelley. It was surely Erge, 
but not the fat, jovial one. He was thin and pale ; 
his clothes were shabby and looked as if he had 
bought them for his grandfather and his grand- 

father had died and didn't need them. He did not 
seem surprised to see me. He expectorated between 
his teeth and said, "Hello, got two dol — Why, 
that's you, isn't it, Dick? Been expecting you for a 
long time." I asked him what the place might be. 
What do you think he said? "Why, this is Utopia. 
The Class of 1902, after they were graduated, dis- 
covered that they could not break the ties which 
bound them together, so they founded this city. Oh, 
yes, there are other people living here, but it is our 
city and we run it." What made him so thin? He 
has been living ever since leaving college on Orient 
subscriptions and they have not kept him in chewing 
gum. He proposed that we take a walk down the 

The first thing which attracted my attention was 
a most gaudily painted sign with three gold balls 
suspended below. The sign read, "S. W. Noyes, 
pawnbroker and money-lender." There in the door- 
way was Siddy himself. His shoulders are bent, his 
suspenders are twisted and from beneath his shaggy 
eyebrows flashes furtive gleam of craftiness — -in short 
he is a typical Charles Dickens hock-shop man. 
Erge tried in vain to pawn an Orient subscription, 
■so we passed on. The next shop was Runt Walk- 
er's Chinese laundry. They say he runs a fine laun- 
dry except for one thing, that every Saturday night 
he pawns his laundry-work in Sid's shop and plays 
the machine. 

A short way up on the other side stands a mag- 
nificent brick block with brown stone trimmings. It 
is the block of the Utopia Street Railway. Off from 
the waiting room in an inaccessible retreat sur- 
rounded by clerks and typewriters Hagar Files directs 
the business of the corporation. Ernie's life has not 
changed from its routine for twenty years. He has 
his afternoon nap just as ever and his cup of tea for 
supper. On the next floor above him is the offie of 
Fogg and Giles, solicitors. You would think by the 
name that they are lawyers but they are not both of 
them, or rather they are both of them not. Giles 
was elected several years ago county sheriff on the 
rum ticket after 2,384 consecutive ballots with a 
majority of one and one-half; the half was a split 
ticket. Erwin adjusts the taxes on the saloons and 
George sues them if they do not cough up the dough. 
It is needless to say that they live in good spirits and 
never have a dry time. 

The next building is a two-story brick block with 
the broad arched doors and the watchful look which 
characterizes a fire-engine horse. This day the 
doors were open and crowded outside the rope was a 
group of boys gazing with open-mounted admiration 
at Hud Sinkinson who was relating to them the story 
of "A Runaway Boy" or "How I Fit the Spaniards 
on the Montauk." 'Tis whispered that he secured a 
place as driver of the hose-cart in order to throw 
cold water on other story tellers. As we passed by, 
I noticed that he wore a pair of sailor's trousers, a 
very dirty 'varsity sweater decorated with many 
medals, and a very soft, very gray, very funny gray 
soft hat. 

We had just turned the corner of a side street 
when we witnessed a heart-rending sight. How it 
hurts me to tell you that there in the street lay Fat 
Stone dead, dead drunk. In less time than it takes 
me to tell it the patrol whirled 'round the corner, 
Skeat Anthoine jumped down, seized Fat by the nape 
of his neck, whirled his 23s pounds avoirdupois 



lightly round his head and scaled him into the hurry- 
up wagon. It was such an exciting moment that a 
little boy across the street stepped on another little, 
boy's toes and made him cry. 

On this short side street were just two build- 
ings. The Utopia telephone exchange on the right- 
hand side was teeming with activity. Corporal Flye, 
the manager, swears as cheerfully as ever. But 
Tom Blake, who runs a corner grocery in the French 
quarter, has nearly driven him to desperation by call- 
ing up "64-3 Bath, please," every two hours and car- 
rying on a long conversation with the young lady 
hitched to the other end of the line. Corporal is not 
driven to desperation by jealousy, but because he 
cannot find out what they are saying. 

A railroad terminal station stands on the left 
side of the street. It is a magnificent and costly pile 
of Hallowell granite ; but it strangely mocks the 
activity and hurry of the opposite building. No 
sound is there ; the rails are rusted and overgrown 
with grass and weeds. A rusty engine with four 
antiquated coaches behind it stands on one track. 
Erge explained to me that this railway had been 
designed to connect Utopia with the outside world. 
Teddy Stanwood was made station agent and Bingo 
Rolfe the engineer. The first train was made up ; 
the passengers got aboard and the train-starter, 
whose name was Benson, started to start the train. 
Now Bobby never got started in his life, neither did 
the train. Both passengers and crew went to sleep 
and forgot where they were going and the train 
never has moved since that day. Two years before 
I got there, they say that Bobby looked at his watch. 

Across the tracks stands an ivy-covered church 
with a grave yard alongside. It was a fitting accom- 
paniment to the peaceful scene about us. Stillness 
and peace now reigned everywhere. I noticed over 
one grassy tomb the inscription, "Barker — Hill." 
Being filled with grief, I turned to my conductor and 
asked him in hushed tones if Bull Barker and Almon 
Hill lay there. "Yes," he said in a matter-of-fact 
tone. "Just after we built the church we laid them to 
rest." "It is sad," I said, "but did you not tell me 
that your famous doctor, Charles Henry Hunt, A.M., 
M.D., P.D.Q., had discovered the elixir of life and 
consequently the members of 1902 were immortal 
and could not die?" "I didn't say they were dead. 
I said we laid them to rest." 

Ned Hayes has been pastor of the church for 
twenty years, ably assisted by Buck Gray whose ver- 
satility allows him to be alternately sexton and Sun- 
day-school teacher. When he passes the plate on 
Sunday he delights the congregation by reciting 
snatches of extemporaneous verse. After seeing 
these two men in college nobody would expect to 
find them in this predicament. 'Tis said, however, 
that old Cascarets scared them so one evening that 
they forthwith got religion and started in to run a 
gospel mill. 

Life is always ups and downs. We are sober or 
we are gay. So it is that we now go quickly from 
the sublime to the ridiculous. When we turned the 
next corner, we came upon a circus in full blast. 
There came to our ears the strident shouts of Jack 
Appleton from a little stand at a side show. 
"My good people, you've got to hurry, you've 
got to hurry. He's going to eat a big one 
now." When we had pushed our way to the 

front of the stand it was made clear what was 
meant. A big canvas poster announced that "Eben, 
the wonderful Austrialian' snake-eater, would eat 
'em alive." And right in the center of the canvas 
was a life-size picture of Eben Haley wearing a 
figured waistcoat and a fierce frown, biting their 
heads off and eating 'em alive. We did not stay to 
see him do it, but hurried on to the circus. After 
giving J. O. Hamilton ten cents we're allowed to go 
into the animal tent. One of the first cages that 
caught my eye was labelled "Riffie and Billy." 
Inside were indeed Riffie Bodwell and Bill Wing. 
Both wore grey jerseys and black caps; they showed 
every evidence of affection for each other, billing 
and cooing like two pickups on the casino piazza. 
The showman has a standing offer of five hundred 
dollars for anybody who can tell which is Billy and 
which is Riffie. Once Riffie went out as a street-car 
conductor on the Utopian street line, but he had to 
come back because Riffie cried for him so. Near this 
cage was chained a fierce wild-looking man with 
black beard and eyes. It is our old friend, Ben 
Kelley, who every fifteen minutes for an admiring 
audience lifts a settee-full of people with his teeth, 
holding a hard-boiled egg in each hand to show his 
strength and delicacy. 

The performance was something wonderful 
though I have not time to tell you much about it. 
Tisi Cobb led the orchestra and that performance 
was certainly wonderful. Each instrument had a 
different tune and time from all the others. After 
each number Tisi would nurse his head in grief for 
a minute or two, then brace up, cast an infantile smile 
at the audience and — do it all over again. 

In the crowd I noticed Bill Watson and Gaffer 
Gibson, ' each surrounded by sturdy youngsters 
entreating papa to look at the funny clown or to buy 
peanuts. It was a goodly sight and filled my heart 
with joy. 

About this time we began to feel like lunch. We 
strolled away from the circus up the street only to 
renew old acquaintances. A striped pole across the 
way designated the shop of Benjy Hayden. But 
mind you, he is not a barber. His long experience 
with scissors and curling-tongs saved him from that. 
He is a tonsorial artist and has charge of a suite 
of very exclusive hair-dressing rooms. 

A 5-cent store run by Arthur Furbish occupied a 
little alley corner way. Arthur sells candy and 
trinkets and really has a delightful time. 

This street leads us out to the public square which 
was a scene of activity. On one corner Bill Garce- 
lon was explaining the evils of American rule in 
Canada, which was a prominent question. Bill has 
represented Utopia in the Legislature for ten years 
and is an ardent politician. He is rather unhappily 
married, for his wife beats him occasionally, but he 
forgets his domestic troubles when he can talk poli- 
tics with the boys. 

Our walk brought us to Delmonico's. You may 
imagine my surprise when I recognized in the pro- 
prietor my old friend, Ernie Folsom. He explained 
that he had changed his name with his occupation 
and is now known as Rufus Delmonico. He believes 
that the trade is in the name. When I remarked on 
the gentility and beauty of the waitresses, Ergie told 
me that Ernie had determined to get married and 
had taken these waitresses sort of on trial. But he 



has had such a hard time trying to pick among them 
that he has decided that he'd be darned if he would 
and kept them all. 

Our ears were suddenly assailed by the worst 
noise that ever happened. It was worse than Tisi 
Cobb's orchestra. We quickly recognized that old 
familiar tune, "There's a land where they don't 
shovel snow," and the bar-room tenor of Dan Gross. 
When the agony was over and Dan stood up look- 
ing earnest and ministerial in his American blue and 
British red garb, and exhorting both brown mother 
and white mother to follow on. 

While we stood in the square admiring the fine 
new hotel, which Harry McCann has just opened, 
Erge answered my questions about some other mem- 
bers of the class. It seems that Perez Merrill and 
Bert Grinnell made happy marriages, strangely 
enough, and live together in the suburbs. Perez 
rides a wheel, while Bert wheels the baby carriage 
In this way both get active exercise and keep in good 
health. John Higgins, after his efficient service at 
college, was made postmaster of Utopia with Scrap 
Mabry for letter carrier. John sorts the mails all 
right and gives it to Scrap. The people on Scrap's 
route say he is like to-morrow. He never comes. 

Nick Carter has made Utopia famous throughout 
the world by living there. This does not sound so 
absurd when you know that hfe has completely 
eclipsed his predecessor in the name by writing dime 
novels. We arrived in front of his enormous print- 
ing establishment just in time to catch a glimpse 
of him dictating sixteen novels to as many stenog- 
raphers, while feverishly writing one more with each 

Eben Webb had great trouble after graduating 
in securing smoking materials enough to satisfy 
his craving for the weed. He solved the problem by 
opening a cigar store under McCann's hotel. He 
always has a cigar in his mouth and to his great 
delight he has at last succeeded in blowing smoke 
out of his ears as well as his mouth. 

Our tour of Utopia would scarce have been com- 
plete without visiting the manufacturing places. The 
water front was lined with factories of all sorts and 
sizes, only a few of which, however, will interest us. 
Out on a little wing dam was Natty Barker's saw- 
mill. It always sends out the good old odor of pine 
sawdust and its marvellous productions frequently 
bring to mind that old saw of Diocletes, the 
Egyptian mummy: "Of all the saws I ever saw saw 
I never saw a saw saw the way that saw saws." 

The big cotton mill furnishes abundant work for 
Clifford Preston, who is its able manager and gen- 
eral superintendent. Skip Rodick is the treasurer of 
the company and they say that he can make a dollar 
go farther than ever Silver Brown did when he lived 
in South Winthrop. 

The city high school stands not far from the river. 
Ben Hamilton is principal of the school. Besides 
his other duties Ben runs a course in foot-ball. He 
is so enthusiastic over it that he even let his mus- 
tache grow so he could have a touchdown every time 
he felt of his upper lip. 

Right in front of the school-house as if to mock 
its severe restraint, Harry Swett has opened up a 
dance hall with a beer garden attachment where a 
hop is held every alternate night and a dance on 
every other alternate night. It is strange how this 
man's real devilish traits staid obscure while he was 

in college, for he is as wicked as they make them in 

Mother Cousens joined us as we walked toward 
the city hall. Mother has become a prosperous 
banker and is stockholder in several of the big cor- 
porations. He also holds the controlling interest in 
a big brewery just across the river. This block of 
shares always makes him an important factor at 
election time, for he sways the rum vote entirely. 

The city hall was the last building which we vis- 
ited. Bunter Hunt, the judge of the municipal 
courts, was just polishing off the last of thirteen 
drunks with a sentence of ninety days when we 
entered. The judicial frown centered upon Erge, 
who, through sheer nervousness at the occasion, hit 
him up for a two-dollar subscription. He came 
very near getting two years instead. 

The street commissioner's place up stairs is 
always an interesting place to visit. Ben Eastman, 
after graduating from the forestry school, invented a 
new kind of paving block made out of red-oak 
acorns and pine cones. Its cheapness and durability 
were so marked that he was at once made street com- 
missioner. He showed us a part of the largest col- 
lection of bricks of all kinds that I have ever seen. 
Among them was the one Stout had in his hat when 
he wrote his infamous psychology. 

At this point in our walk Erge became very mys- 
terious and even winked at the august banker who 
accompanied us. We went into a large hall fitted 
with steel doors and combination locks where a large 
oak chair with a canopy and a crown of tissue paper 
occupied a prominent position. He invited your 
humble servant to be seated under the canopy, and 
then in a loud voice proclaimed that in the name of 
the people of Utopia, he crowned him the Prince of 
Liars in the Class of 1902. 

The class and audience were forced by the 
rain to adjourn to the church in the middle of 
the Prophecy, and there the literary exercises 
of the day closed with the Parting Address by 
George Edwin Fogg, who has been prevented 
by ill health from attendance at college all the 
term, and was able to join his class for this 
one day only of its Commencement Week. 

Parting Address. 

Mr. President, Classmates, and Friends: 

It was three years ago that, as Freshmen, we 
timed our steps to old Phi Chi and shouted 
its warning notes to Freshmen yet to be ; but three 
short years since we entered upon the full tide of 
college life and with speech and song proclaimed our 
determination to grasp the true Bowdoin spirit and 
make the name of 1902 ring forever m the annals of 
our Alma Mater. Then we were youths, now we 
are men ; then we had life's truest pleasures before 
us, now its sternest realities ; then we were about to 
train our faculties, now we are about to form our 
characters. The then and now : but three short 
years — and yet how great the change ! 

And if so, then how great indeed must be the 
change since seven young men stood where we now 
stand and formed Bowdoin's first class, one hundred 



years ago. Not only are the men and the professors 
changed, but changed are the walls, changed is the 
campus ; even the oak beneath which we now stand 
was then a seed unsown. All — I had almost said 
all was changed, but there is something here that 
has not changed. It has not changed in three years ; 
it has not changed in an hundred years. There is 
that among us which says, 

"Men may come and men may go, 
But I flow on forever." 

It has inspired poets, writers, soldiers ; it has steeled 
men to lead lives of devotion and self-sacrifice; it has 
made this State, this country, this world, better, hap- 
pier, kindlier. Need I say — It is the Bowdoin Spirit ! 

A Longfellow sang its natural ruggedness and its 
humble faith in God and man in simple, soulful num- 
bers and became the People's Poet the world around; 
a Hawthorne, from a soul full of solitude, penned 
forth its human kindness and its crystal morality in 
phrases cast in sweet perfection's mould and became 
the world's greatest writer of English ; a Kellogg 
framed its stern and silent stoicism in two immortal 
essays and filled the whole American youth with a 
nobler, more heroic strain ; and soldier after soldier, 
whose name is blazoned in brass in our fair hall, has 
shown forth its true devotion and blazoned his name 
in the hearts of a nation — more enduring than 

And now, my classmates, I would indeed have 
betrayed your trust by wandering thus far afield 
did I not firmly believe, as I now most firmly state, 
that you have fulfilled your determination of three 
years ago and have grasped the true Bowdoin spirit 
and not only thus but you have so absorbed its 
essence and so incorporated it in your spirit that the 
spirit of the Class of 1902 now rings true to every 
tone of the spirit of Old Bowdoin. And you have 
done well so; for, in the words of Goethe, 

"Es bildet sich ein Talent im Stille, 
Sich ein Character in der Strom der Welt." 

"A genius forms itself in solitude, 
A character, in struggling with the world." 

It is the little of genius there is in each of us that 
has been developed among these halls. Here in an 
environment which has smoothed our every thorny 
path, among friends the most congenial, in an atmos- 
phere of freedom and leisure, we have grown and 
waxed strong in the intangible spirit that gives 
character and content to the life of man. We have 
woven the warp that will guide the woof of our 
lives. True, the shuttle of Fate will cross-weave 
into our lives the threads of temptation, deceit, 
crime, but these will not pattern on the groundwork 
of truth, honesty, and integrity. And as the poet, the 
writer, the soldier, nurtured in this spirit, have risen 
to fame, so will you, remaining true to this same 
sprit, become America's noblest handiwork, true and 
loyal citizens. 

"The riches of the Commonwealth 
Are free, strong minds, and hearts of health ; 
And more to her than gold or grain, 
The cunning hand and cultured brain." 

But we must now say farewell to this environ- 
ment, these friends that we have lived with for four 
years. Friendships, formed when the course t>f life 
is freest and warmest, must be broken, perhaps for- 

ever; associations with well -earned victories, aye, 
and hard-fought defeats, must be lost sight of; and 
we, the lords of to-day,, must join the heroes of yes- 
terday with "none so poor as to do us reverence." 
There are those among us whose voices nevermore 
will swell the chorus of our songs, whose hands now 
clasp ours for the last time; nay, even now, in the 
chapel of our memories, there is already a tablet to 
one whose hand we cannot clasp, whose voice we 
cannot hear ; and year by year the stones will mul- 
tiply, and yet a little while and the ivy shall cover all ! 
We must leave this quiet morning chapel hour of 
our lives and go out into the strong, searching sun- 
light of the every day world, through its fierce, hot 
noonday, on to its restful even. Many and hard 
will be the struggles and all will be failure : "For 
whatever else man was intended for, he was not 
intended to succeed. Failure is the fate alloted. It 
is so in every art and science ; it is so above all in the 
continent art of living well." But failure is not of 
consequence, so long as it is faithful ; for every man 
must go to his grave defeated — "defeated; aye, if he 
were Paul or Marcus Aurelius, but if there is one 
inch of fight left in his old spirit — undishonored." 
But there is a century of fight in your spirit, my 
classmates, and if the name of 1902 cannot ring for- 
ever in the annals of our Alma Mater, surely it is 
forever that the spirit of Old Bowdoin is to ring in 
the hearts of 1902; so let us take up that simple 
faith in God and man the poet sang; the human 
kindness, the stern and silent stocism the writers 
penned; the noble devotion in which the soldier 
wrought ; let us take up this heritage of the century 
and make our failures, as were theirs, faithful ; our 
defeats, as theirs, undishonored ! Let us face the 
greater end as we have this lesser, let us live our life 
out there as we have here, the 

"Life that shall send 
A challenge to the end 
And when it comes say, 'Welcome, friend !' " 

The Class Ode, sung by the class at the 
completion of the exercises, was as follows : 

Class Ode. 

(Air: — Believe Me.) 

Loved Bowdoin ! once more from thy beautiful pines 

Float soft whispers of tender farewell ; 
Through thy welcoming portals how many have 
In whose souls fondest memories dwell ! 
As they hold thee most dear, who have walked in thy 
In thy stately and eloquent halls, 
May we keep thee for aye in a bosom of love, 
Be it sorrow or joy that befalls. 


Thy bountiful hand through the years hath 

A rich treasure on each yearning mind, 
The grandeur of stars and the secret of flowers 

And the laws of a universe kind. 
O long would we rest in thy deep, cooling shade, 

By thy broad, sparkling river to dwell, 
Of its waters to drink in their deepening flow, 

Through the age — ere we bid thee farewell ! 



We cannot remain, for the tide hurries on 

With our barque to the vast ocean surge, 
Our sail in the whirl of the storm will be driv'n, 

With the moan of the wind's saddened dirge. - 
Shall we weather the gale and the high billows ride? 

Shall we falter when cheek pales with fear? 
From a breast that has nourished the nation we draw 

Ample strength till the haven we near. 

Farewell ! O farewell ! of thy bounty we take 

Ere we speed to the threatening main, 
The hand's loyal clasp and mysterious eye 

Speak the mingling of pleasure and pain. 
The summons is come to be men in this age; 

We leave the bright paths we have trod, 
In thy love to redeem, in thy might to give aid 

Unto man in his struggle toward God. 

— D. I. G. 

The rain by this time had stopped, and the 
class was able to smoke the pipe of peace on 
the grass of the campus. A second shower 
came tip and interfered with the cheering of the 
halls and the sorrowful farewell ceremonies, 
since everyone was scurrying for cover. But 
the afternoon as a whole had, nevertheless, 
been a real success. 

In the evening was the Senior Prom., in 
Memorial Hall, always a feature of Com- 
mencement Week, and made almost more 
pleasant than ever this year by the large num- 
ber of young alumni present. The Salem 
Cadet Band furnished music for an order of 
twenty-four dances. The ladies of the 
Faculty were as usual the patronesses. It was 
a clear, cool evening, just right for dancing, 
and everyone thankfully made the best of it. 


The annual meeting of the Maine Histori- 
cal Society was held, as is usual, during Com- 
mencement Week. This was in the Cleaveland 
Lecture Room, at 2 p.m., Tuesday. Routine 
business was transacted, and the following 
officers elected for next year : 

President, Rufus K. Sewall, Wiscasset; 
Vice-President, Hubbard W. Bryant, Port- 
land; Secretary and Curator of Collections, 
Joseph Williamson, Belfast; Corresponding 
Secretary, Fritz H. Jordan, Portland; Treas- 
urer, Dr. Henry S. Burrage, Portland; Stand- 
ing Committee, Prof. Henry L. Chapman. 
Brunswick; Charles W. Glidden, Newcastle; 
General John Marshall Brown, Portland; 
Prentiss Manning, Portland; George A. 
Emery, Saco. 

Wednesday was the day set for the exer- 
cises commemorative of the One-Hundredth 
Anniversary of the Opening of the College, the 
great feature of this Commencement Week 
which called together so large an assem- 
blage of visitors. The weather was per- 
fect, and in the morning the campus was full 
of groups of alumni holding informal reunions 
and comparing the college of to-day in its 
ideals and equipment with the college of their 
own day. The alumni ball game with the 
own day. 

The alumni ball game with the 'varsity 
took place on Wednesday morning on 
the athletic field, and attracted many specta- 
tors. The score was 8 to 5 in favor of the 
'varsity, after 6 innings play. 

The line-up was as follows : 

'Varsity — Oakes, pitcher ; Blanchard, catch- 
er ; Havey, first base ; Bly, second base ; Lewis, 
short stop ; Greene, third base ; Kelley, left 
field; Stanwood, center field; Coffin, right 

Alumni — Libby, '01, pitcher; Pratt, '01, 
catcher; Cloudman, '01, first base; White, '01, 
second base; Albert Clark, '00, short stop; 
Hutchins, '93, third base ; R. Cleaves, '99, left 
field ; Dane, '96, center field ; Neagle, '99, right 

Downs, '92, umpire. 

Wednesday morning the only other event 
was the annual meeting of the Phi Beta Kappa 
Fraternity in Adams Hall. The following 
were chosen to membership : 

From 1902 — Robert S. Benson, Ralph P. 
Bodwell, Edward E. Carter, Richard B. Dole, 
Daniel I. Gross, Eugene R. Kelley. 

From 1903 — Clement F. Robinson, Leon 
V. Walker, S. Clement W. Simpson, Philip G. 
Clifford, W. Morris Houghton. 

• Wednesday afternoon was the event of the 
week — the Commemorative Exercises in the 
Congregational church. The exercises com- 
menced at 3.30, the procession of alumni 
forming at the chapel about 3. Hon. E. U. 
Curtis, '82, Ex-Mayor of Boston, was marshal 
of the procession to the church. The proces- 
sion marched in this order : Governor Hill and 
his staff, Board of Overseers, Board of Trus- 
tees, Faculty and Invited Guests, Alumni by 
Classes, lead by Rev. John Rand of the Class 



of '31, the oldest living alumnus. Over seven 
hundred alumni were in the line, including 
Miss Sarah Orne Jewett, the only woman ever 
to receive an honorary degree at Bowdoin. 

In the church seats were reserved in the 
body of the house for the alumni. On the 
stage were President Hyde, Ex-Speaker Reed, 
Rev. ;Mr. Cole, General Hubbard, Governor 
Hill, and General Howard, Chief Justice Ful- 
ler, and many others of Bowdoin's most dis - 
tinguished alumni and friends. In the body 
of the house there was not a vacant space, 
although the church will hold twelve hundred. 
The general public was admitted after the 
alumni were seated, and they crowded every 
inch, even down the center aisle, and over a 
hundred were turned away. 

President Hyde introduced Mr. Reed as the 
Orator of the Day and Rev. Mr. Cole as the 
Poet, in a graceful way, and both were 
applauded until the church shook. The ora- 
tion was a philosophic discourse on the char- 
acteristics and beliefs of the mass known as 
the "people," interspersed with Mr. Reed's 
inimitable touches of sarcasm which were 
drawled out to the great entertainment of the 
audience. The poem was a graceful allusion 
to some of the bright pages in our past history. 
We print neither in the Orient at the request 
of the Faculty, who have had them printed in 
neat form and will gladly distribute them to 
anyone who wishes copies. 


Following the exercises in the church came 
the exercises at the presentation of the Class 
of '75 gateway opposite the chapel. On a tem- 
porary stand W. J. Curtis, Esq., of New York 
presented the gates, in behalf of the class, in 
a brief speech, to which Professor Henry L. 
Chapman of the college responded in the fol- 
lowing words of acceptance, which are 
reckoned by everyone as forming one of the 
most graceful of all the many speeches of the 
week : 

The privilege has been conferred upon me of 
accepting, in behalf of the college, this beautiful and 
graceful gift from the Class of 1875, and of speaking 
in recognition of the generous and loyal spirit which 
prompted it. No office could be more grateful than 
that of receiving in the name of the college, such a 
gift, unless, perhaps, it be the office of him who 

speaks for his class in presenting it. To have the 
precious and never-fading associations of class-fel- 
lowship wrought, as it w.ere, into a beautiful and 
enduring memorial, and to give it as a conspicuous 
adornment to the college which, to the givers, is 
already beautiful through the memory of those asso- 
ciations, is an act as grateful as it is worthy. And 
to accept, in behalf of the college, such a token of 
filial affection, and to express the gratitude of the 
mother for the gift and for the love which it repre- 
sents, is both a privilege and a distinction. 

The college has no resources for increasing its 
material equipment, or for adding to its outward 
attractions, beyond the resources that reside in the 
reverent and tender regard of its sons, and in the 
enlightened generosity of those who are interested in 
its work. But the gifts of utility or adornment that 
come to the college from either of these sources 
possess, thereby, a quality of interest and value, and 
are touched with a grace beyond what could be 
imparted to them by artist or artisan, and are quite 
outside the sphere of ordinary appraisal. However 
beautiful or costly they may be they are cherished not 
merely for their beauty or their worth, but because 
they represent something nobler even than the tri- 
umphs of artistic or architectural skill, and appeal 
to a sentiment finer than the gratification of an 
esthetic taste. They stand as monuments of the 
affection and confidence which the college has been 
able to inspire by its unselfish efforts to cultivate and 
desseminate among its sons and throughout the com- 
munity, knowledge and wisdom, honor and truth, the 
love of country and reverence for God ; by its single 
aim to train young men, in the memorable phrase of 
Milton, "to perform justly, skilfully and magnani- 
mously, all the offices, both public and private, in 
peace and war." 

The sun in his glory, which illuminates the time- 
honored seal of the college, setting, to-day, on the 
close of its first century of active work, throws the 
shadows of these granite pillars almost to the 
foot of that venerable oak, the first tiny shoots 
of which were warmed and nourished by the same 
sum as it rose on the opening century ; and the 
evening and the morning are the first day. That 
slender sapling of a hundred years ago has grown 
into a noble and deeply rooted tree that mingles its 
shadow with the shadows of these stately shafts that 
seem to mark the entrance into a new century. As a 
symbol of the hope and promise of growth the brave 
old oak still lives — and long may it continue to live ! 
As a symbol of growth accomplished, and chiselled 
into a history as enduring as granite, which is, 
nevertheless, but the portal to new activities and 
achievements, this gateway of memorial associations 
is reared in a day, as it were, and it is eloquent of 
prophecy as of recollection. 

As we stand in the shadow of the college oak, 
we can hardly fail to see visions of the men and 
event that have been familiar to the campus during 
the century that is gone. The vanished forms of 
McKeen and Appleton and Allen and Woods and 
Harris — of Abbott and Cleaveland and Packard and 
Smythe and Goodwin and Newman and Upham and 
many others, seem to move once more before our 
eyes. The passing generations that once filled these 
halls, the passing voices that once echoed from these 



walls seem to come back to join in the ceremonies 
and the acclamations of to-day. 

"Beneath that tree the bard beloved 
His budding chaplet wore, 
The wizard king of romance dreamed 
His wild, enchanting lore. 

"And scholars, musing in its shade, 
Heard here their country's cry, 
Their lips gave back — 'Oh, sweet it is 
For native land to die.' 

"And though Dodona's voice is hushed, 
A new, intenser flame 
Stirs the proud oak to whisper still 
Some dear, illustrious name." 

And as we stand in the shadow of this college 
gateway, and peer down the vista of years to which 
it seems to be the portal, other visions, less distinct, 
but not less inviting, rise before us. The figures of 
presidents and teachers, whose names are not yet 
known and, therefore, cannot be recited, cross and 
recross the campus which is already hallowed by the 
traditions of a hundred years. These familiar paths 
are trodden by the feet of new and unnumbered 
generations of undergraduates. These halls, and 
others still, invite to scholastic toil or jovial fellow- 
ship, and resound with laughter and song and cheer. 
This peaceful quadrangle pulsates with a life, and is 
crowded with associations richer and nobler and 
more abounding with the passing years. And yonder 
chapel spires become to thousands yet unborn, as 
they have been to us, the symbol of a learning and a 
service that find their aim and goal in that which 
is unseen and eternal. 

Is it not, therefore, true that this generous and 
timely gift from the Class of '75 is in some sense 
symbolic both of memories that are precious, and of 
a future that beckons and inspires? 

The thanks which it is my privilege to utter, are 
the thanks, not alone of the corporation, or of those 
who for the time constitute its governing and teach- 
ing body, but of the college in its wider and truer 
meaning — the college which includes all those who 
bear its diploma, and love its name, and pray for its 


The annual reception of President and Mrs. 
Hyde to the graduating class and the alumni 
and friends of the college, in Memorial Hall, 
Wednesday evening, was crowded with dis- 
tinguished visitors. It lasted from 8 to 10.30 


After the President's reception, Wednesday 
evening, came the reunions of the various 
Fraternities. Each Fraternity had a banquet, 
and the speeches by the visiting alumni lasted 
until two and three o'clock, after which the 

annual exchange of marching courtesies took 


The ninety-seventh Commencement of 
Bowdoin College occurred on Thursday, June 
26. The day was cloudy, and rain fell during 
the morning, but the coolness brought by the 
rain was a great relief from the overpowering 
heat of last year. The exercises in the church 
were preceded, as usual, by the annual alumni 
meeting in the Cleaveland Lecture Room. 
Old officers were re-elected, and some routine 
business transacted. The most important 
action of the meeting was the provisional 
adoption on behalf of the alumni of the new 
Athletic Council Constitution, and the appoint- 
ment of the five alumni representatives who 
will serve under it if the students adopt it. 
They are : C. T. Hawes, '76, of Bangor ; F. C. 
Payson, '77, of Portland; Barrett Potter, '78, 
of Brunswick; Henry A. Wing, '80, of Lew- 
iston; and Roland W. 'Mann, '92, of Boston. 

At 10 o'clock the procession of alumni, 
under the marshalship of Dr. S. W. Pierce of 
the Class of '82, marched to the church, where 
the Commencement exercises occurred, accord- 
ing to the following program : 

The Value of Science to Modern Civilization. 

Ralph B. Stone. 
Strikes. Lyman A. Cousens. 

Science and Religion. Daniel I. Gross. 

Should Cabinet Officers Have Seats in Congress? 

Eugene R. Kelley. 

Grant as a Soldier. Robert S. Benson. 

Municipal Home Rule. George R. Walker. 


Conferring of Degrees. 




The Commencement dinner was the most 
notable since '94, when about seven hundred 
alumni sat down to dinner in a huge tent on the 
site of the new Library Building. The dinner 
this year was served in Memorial Hall, by Fox 
& Adams, caterers, of Bangor. Overflow 
tables were set up in the gymnasium, but the 
rain detained enough alumni so that Memorial 
Flail just held the assembly. There were five 
hundred at the dinner. President Hyde, Gen- 



eral Hubbard, Governor Hill, Mr. Reed, Mr. 
McKeen, Mr. Libby, and the guests of honor 
from other colleges were at a table set on the 
platform, and the Trustees and Overseers were 
at a table set parallel to the front of the plat- 
form on the floor. The alumni sat by classes. 

The opening speech was by President 
Hyde. Without any particular preliminaries 
he read the list of responses which have already 
been received to the request of the college for 
an increase of endowment. (The list is given 
in full below.) The list was listened to with 
close attention, and the individual announce- 
ments on it were given hearty applause. The 
first speaker whom President Hyde called 
on was Governor Hill, M., 'jj, who responded 
for the State of Maine in a few words. Gen- 
eral Hubbard, for the Trustees, followed, and 
was accorded the ovation well deserved by 
this wise and true friend of the college. Mr. 
Libby of Portland represented the Overseers 
in a reminiscent speech full of encouraging 
belief in Bowdoin's future. And then came 
Mr. Reed. The audience went wild when his 
name was announced, and it was a minute and 
a half before he could be heard. His speech 
was characteristically "Tom Reed's," drawl- 
ingly sarcastic and bright, but with a deep 
undercurrent of sound common sense and 
belief in Bowdoin. The other speakers of the 
afternoon were : James McKeen of New York, 
'64, president of the Alumni Association ; 
President George E. Fellows of the University 
of Maine; Professor Hall of Harvard; Pro- 
fessor D. C. Wells of Dartmouth; Professor 
G. F. Hull of Toronto ; Professor J. B. Manley 
of Chicago ; Professor Harry De Forest 
Smith of Amherst; Judge Clarence Hale, '69, 
of Portland ; Frank A. Hill, '62, of the Mass- 
achusetts Board of Education ; James McDon- 
ald, '67; Hon. Herbert M. Heath, '72, of 
Augusta; Hon. C. W. Morrell, '77, of Port- 
land; and Dr. W. O. Plimpton, '82, of New- 
port, R. I. 

Thus ended the ninety-seventh Commence- 
ment of Bowdoin College and the exercises to 
commemorate the conclusion of one hundred 
years of active work. 


The most important action taken by the 
governing Boards during their annual sessions 
this year was to accept the recommendations 
urged so long by the Faculty, and grant 

students the degree of A.B. who have had no 
Greek. The decision was earnestly opposed 
by many of the most sincere friends of the 
college, and its final passage was due to the 
beiief in its expediency rather than in the 
merit of its principle. Bowdoin can not be 
the last to hang out in defense of Greek, now 
that all her rivals have given up the contest. 
The exact wording of the vote of the Boards, 
which was disagreed to once by the overseers 
but finally passed is as follows : "Voted that 
hereafter the degree of A.B. be granted all 
students who complete satisfactorily the course 
of study in the college, as the same shall be 
prescribed by action of the Faculty, authorized 
by resolution of this date; provided, that no 
course shall be inferior to that hitherto 
required for the degree of A.B." 

Another important action was taken in 
regard to the fund started several years ago as 
the "Honorarium Praesidiis." This is near- 
ing the mark of $20,000 which was set, and so 
a resolution in regard to it is timely. It was 
voted to present the President with five hun- 
dred dollars a year, beyond his salary, from 
this fund, as long as the $500 does not consti- 
tute three-fourths of the income of the fund. 
This means of using the fund is "the way in 
which, in the judgment of the Board of Trus- 
tees and Overseers, the use of the income of 
said fund will best promote the honor, dignity, 
and usefulness of the Presidential office." 

Enough money was transferred from the 
general fund to restore the Emerson and 
Dodge Scholarships to their original value. 

Votes of thanks were tendered to the many 
alumni and friends who have given money and 
other gifts to the college during the last year. 

The usual committees of the boards were 
made, in most cases reappointments. 

The point-system of entrance requirements 
was agreed to, but with some recommenda- 
tions different from the system as recom- 
mended by the Faculty. The Board advises 
that botany be omitted entirely from the 
entrance-subjects and that elementary French 
not rank more than two points. 

A vote of thanks was given the Maine Cen- 
tral Railroad for its generosity in carrying 
free of cost the members of the Congregational 
Council from Portland to Brunswick and back, 
last winter. 

The next general alumni catalogue will be 
issued in 1912. 

Among the appropriations is one of $500 



for advertising, an innovation, and a desirable 
one. Indirect advertising, such as the distri- 
bution of Bugles, will be carried on as well as 
direct. $1,500 was appropriated for fitting up 
a bacteriological laboratory in the Medical 
Building, on the first floor up, the whole south- 
west corner of the building. Dr. Whittier 
will also have his office here instead of in the 
Science Building as at present. 

Other new appropriations are: $450 for 
moving the Library; $100 for repairing the 
Lantern owned by Greek and Latin depart- 
ments ; $100 for an assistant in History, and 
$400 for a new course in Geology; $1000 for 

The report of the Committee on Chapter 
Houses, as adopted, speaks approvingly of the 
general purpose of Chapter Houses, but 
recommends that the Faculty have power to 
assess the loss on those who room outside 
when in their judgment the funds received 
from the dormitory-rooms are lessened 
seriously by the vacancy of rooms because of 
the students who room in the houses. 

The resignation of Hon. W. C. Marshall 
of Belfast, one of the oldest members of the 
Board of Overseers, was accepted with regret. 

A. L. P. Dennis was elected Professor of 
History for three years ; and R. J. Ham and 
A. S. Dyer elected Instructors in Modern Lan- 
guages and Classics, respectively, for the same 

The medical graduates will henceforth 
have no separate graduation, but will receive 
their diplomas with the academic graduates 
on Commencement Day. One of the Com- 
mencement speakers may possibly be a medi- 
cal student. 

The Faculty and members of the Boards 
are requested to wear academic costumes next 

All scholarships are to be raised to $75 as 
fast as possible. 

The President is granted leave of absence 
for two weeks in October to serve as Univer- 
sity Preacher at the University of Chicago. 

In 1903-4 an instructor in Physics and 
Mathematics, at a salary of $1,000, will be 

A committee was appointed to recommend 
a plan for the remodeling of the present 
Library in the chapel. It has been recom- 
mended by the Committee on Grounds and 
Buildings that Banister Hall be turned over 
to the College Y. M. C. A. and the wings be 
made recitation rooms. 

The following honorary degrees voted by the 
boards were then conferred by President Hyde : 

Doctor of Laws — President G. C. Chase of Bates 
College; President G. E. Fellows of the University 
of Maine; J. J. Herrick, Esq., '66, of Chicago; 
Hon. C. U. Bell, '63, of Andover, Mass. ; 
Rev. Egbert L. Smyth, D.D., '48, or Andover, Mass. ; 
Hon. Charles F. Libby, '64, of Portland ; Franklin A. 
Wilson. '54, of Bangor; and Prof. Merritt C. Fer- 
nald, '61, of Orono. 

Doctor of Divinity — Prof. Jotham B. Sewall, '48, 
of Boston; Rev. Frank Sewall, '58, of Washington; 
President Charles Lincoln White of Colby College. 

Master of Arts — Hon. Melvin E. Ingalls of Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio. 

Civil Engineer, out of course — William C. Mer- 
riman, '82, of New York. 

Master of Arts, pro merito — Frank H. Haskell, 
'95, of Portland. 

Bachelor of Arts, out of course — Charles E. 
Clifford, '49; William H. Stackpole, '86; and Rev. 
Charles G. Fogg, '96, of Union, Conn. 

The following prizes were also announced by 
President Hyde : 

Goodwin Commencement Prize — Robert S. Ben- 

Pray English Literature Prize — Daniel I. Gross. 

Noyes Political Economy Prize — George R. 

English Composition Prizes — First, Edward S. 
Anthoine and Edward E. Carter; second, Harry G. 
Swett and Clifford H. Preston. 

Brown Prizes in Extemporaneous Writing — First, 
Daniel I. Gross ; second, Robert S. Benson. 

Smythe Mathematical Prize— Marshall P. Cram. 

Sophomore Greek Prize — Divided between John 
M. Bridgham and Myrton A. Bryant. 

Sophomore Latin Prize — Arthur C. Shorey, with 
honorable mention for John M. Bridgham. 

Class of '75 History Prize — S. O. Martin, with 
honorable mention for Clement F. Robinson. 

Special History Prize. William E. Lunt, with 
honorable mention of Arthur C. Shorey. 

Brown Memorial Prizes — George R. Walker, '02, 
Scott C. W. Simpson, '03, Samuel T. Dana, '04, and 
Stanley P. Chase, '05. 

Goodwin French Prize — William B. Webb. 

The list of gifts to the college as _ announced by 
President Hyde at the commencement dinner was as 
follows, the total reaching over $40,000. 

Gen. John Marshal Brown, '60, to the general 
fund, $1,000. 

E. T. Lally, '82, scholarship fund, $500. 

Gen. Francis Fessenden, general fund, $1,000. 

Prof. W. A. Parkhurst, '51, library fund, $100. 

Rev. W. W. Rand, '37, general fund, $50. 

C. M. Cumston, LL.D., '43, scholarship fund, 

Hon. Jos. W. Symonds, '60, scholarship fund, 

William C. Deale, '77, general fund, $1,000; Class 
of 1854, general fund, $1,000. 

Galen L. Stone, Brookline, Mass., general fund, 

Prof. C. F. Brackett, '59, general fund, $100. 

Franklin A. Wilson, Esq., '54, general fund 

Miss Ellen J. Whitmore, scholarship, $2,000. 



George O. Robinson, '49, general fund, $1,000. 

Miss Annie L. Edmunds, general fund, $25. 
' William J. Curtis, Esq., '75, general fund, $5,000. 
(He also has given $200 to library fund for the pur- 
chase of American History books, this year, and he 
is the founder of the '75 Prizes in American History, 
the fund being $3,000, and he gave generously 
toward the Class of '75 gates.) 

Miss Mary Woodman, scholarship, $3,000. 

Mrs. Olive M. Butler, Portland, in memory of 
her husband, the late Moses M. Butler, Esq., '45, 
$10,000 for four scholarships. 

Mr. and Mrs. Oliver C. Stevens, general fund, 

F. H. Appleton, Esq., '64, general fund, $1,000. 

Hon. William P. Frye, '52, general fund, $1,000. 

Hon. D. S. Alexander, '70, scholarship, $2,500. 

Edward B. Nealley, '58, general fund, $1,000. 

Jotham D. Sewall, '48, general fund, $1,000. 

Hon. John A. Peters, general fund, $500. 

Lewis Clinton Hatch, $100 per year for scholar- 
ships to be named the Fred W. Flood scholarships. 

Miss Ellen M. Chandler, portrait of Professor 
Parker Cleaveland. 

Dr. J. W. Curtis, collection of Maine owls, 
mounted by Lieut. Robert E. Peary, '77. 

Class of '72, scholarship, $2,500. 

Hon. L. A. Emery, '61, general fund, $250. 

Sarah Orne Jewett, memorial window in mem- 
ory of her father, Dr. Theodore H. Jewett, '34. 

CLASS OF 1902. 
Honorary Appointments. 

This year the college adopted the scheme of 
awarding the high rank men in the class special men- 
tion on their diplomas, the three grades of Summa 
cum Laude, Magna cum Laude, and cum Laude, 
being given. These prized titles were given as fol- 

Summa cum Laude — Ralph Bushnell Stone, 
Charles Henry Hunt, Harry Gordon Swett, George 
Rowland Walker. 

Magna cum Laude — Robert Sanford Benson, 
Ralph Porter Bodwell, Edward Edgecomb Carter, 
Lyman Abbott. Cousens. Richard Bryant Dole, George 
Edwin Fogg, Daniel Irving Gross, Eugene Robert 

Cum Laude — Edward Swasey Anthoine, Erwin 
Garfield Giles, Walter Seward Glidden, Clifford 
Hamilton Preston. 


The guests of honor from other colleges are : 

U. of M.— President. G.- W. Fellows. 

Bates — Professor William H. Hartshorn. 

Dartmouth — Prof. Gabriel Campbell and Prof. 
D. C. Wells. 

Harvard — Prof. Edwin H. Hall. 

Tufts— Dr. Arthur E. Austin. 

Toronto— Prof. G. F. Hull. 

Brown — Prof. Alpheus S. Packard. 

University of Chicago — Prof. John M. Manley. 

University of Wisconsin — Prof. Moses S. 

Amherst — Prof. Harry DeForest Smith. 


There were probably fully twelve hundred visit- 
ors to the college arid town during Anniversary 
Week, about eight hundred of whom were alumni, 
one-third of all the living graduates. The following 
list is compiled from the Alumni Registry Book in 
the Library, with the addition of a few others from 
personal observation of the editors. There were 
probably a hundred alumni who were present at 
some time or other during the week, but failed to 

It is worthy of notice that Rev. E. B. Palmer, 
'56, of Winchester, Mass., was again present, mak- 
ing the forty-seventh consecutive Commencement 
which he has attended at Brunswick. 

The list of the alumni known to be present is as 
follows : 

1835. — Josiah Crosby. 

1836. — Alonzo Garcelon, M.D., George F. Emery. 

1841. — Hon. Frederick Robie. 

1844. — Rev. George M. Adams, C. W. Larrabee. 

1846.— C. R. Dunlap. 

1848.— C. A. Packard, Rev. Egbert C. Smythe. 

1849. — Joseph Williamson, George O. Robinson. 

1856. — Gen. O. O. Howard, Henry F. Harding, 
Rev. John S. Sewall. 

1851. — Professor William A. Packard. 

1852. — Gen. J. L. Chamberlain, J. W. Chickering, 
J. H. Goodenow. 

1853.— Melville W. Fuller, LL.D., John L 
Crosby, T. W. Simonton. 

1854.— D. C. Linscott, F. A. Wilson. 

1855.— Rev. B. P. Snow, Ezekiel Ross, B. F. 

1856. — Rev. E. B. Palmer, Henry Farrar, Galen 
C. Moses. Professor J. Y. Stanton. 

1857.— Gen. Thomas H. .Hubbard, C. W. Pack- 
ard, Henry Newbegin, Gen. Charles Hamlin, G. 
W. Pierce, S. C. Belcher, H. Fairfield, G. C. Water- 
man, S. B. Stewart. 

1858.— G. B. Towle, Jos. W. ■ Symonds, E. B. 
Nealley, A. M. Pulsifer, Rev. I. P. Smith, F. M. 

1850.— Dr. Alfred Mitchell, Rev. James A. Howe, 
Gen. C. H. Howard. 

i860.— Hon. Thomas Brackett Reed, Nicholas E. 
Boyd, H. H. Burbank, J. W. North, Rev. E. A. 
Harlow, Philip H. Stubbs, Gen. J. M. Brown, S. 
M. Came. 

1861. — Edward Stanwood. Hon. L. A. Emery. G. 

B. Kenniston,.Prof. M. C. Fernald, L G. S. Farr, 
Dr. C. O. Hunt. Prof. A. S. Packard, Gen. S. H. 
Manning, F. L Dingley. 

1862.— Col. Joseph Noble, Rev. E. N. Packard, 
H. L. Prince, F. A. Hill, H. O. Thayer, S. W. 
Pearson, I. B. Choate. Gen. C. P. Mattocks, Albion 
Burbank, Dr. I. W. Starbird, Rev. J. T. Magrath, 
Manasseh Smith. 

1863.— T. M. Giveen, Dr. A. R. G. Smith, Dr. 
E. P. Clarke (M.), G. A. Emery, C. B. Varney. 

1864.— James McKeen, F. H. Appleton, M. M. 
Hovev, Hon. C. F. Libbv. 

1865.— Charles Fish, J. E. Moore, H. W. Swasey, 
Thomas Shepard. 

1866.— Dr. B. T. Sanborn, Dr. F. H. Gerrish. Dr. 

C. K. Hinkley, Dr. Melvin Preble, Prof. H. L. Chap- 



1867.— Stanley Plummer, J. N. McClintock, W. 
S. Hutchinson, J. W. McDonald, Dr. I. S. Curtis, 
H. S. Webster, G. P. Davenport. 

1868.— Rev. C. G. Holyoke, T. J. Emery, O. D. 
Baker, Dr. G. W. Foster, John A. Hinkley. 

iS6g. — Rev. H. S. Whitman, Hon. Clarence Hale, 
Thomas H. Eaton, C. A. Stephens, E. P. Payson, 
Dr. C. B. Sanders (M.), Dr. J. L. Bennett (M.), 
Dr. C W. Goss (M.), Dr. F. W. Chadbourne (M.). 

1870.— Dr. W. K. Oakes, J. B. Redman. C- A. 

1871. — A. Simmons, J. F. Chaney, D. H. Dole 

1872. — Weston Lewis, C B. Benson, J. B. 
Atwood, Herbert Harris, G. M. Whitaker, Hon. G. 
M. Seiders, Rev. J. S. Richards, Dr. G. H. Cum- 
mings, Rev. W. F. Bickford, A. V. Ackley, Everett 
Totman, H. M. Heath. 

1873.— I. L. Elder, R. M. Gould. F. S. Water- 
house, A. E. Herrick, Dr. D. A. Robinson, Rev. C. 
C. Sampson, D. W. Snow, A. F. Moulton, G E. 
Hughes, Dr. E. M. Fuller (M.), A. F. Richardson. 

1874. — Prof. Henry Johnson, Hon. D. A. H. 
Powers, H. K. White, H. H. Emery, W. H. Moul- 
ton, C. C. Springer, W. M. Payson, Rev. S. V. 
Cole, I. S. Locke. 

1875.— C. H. Wells, Prof. E. H. Hall, Dr. Mvles 
Standish, W. E. Hatch, Dr. A. S. Whitmore, E. S. 
Osgood, George F. McQuillan, Orestes Pierce, S. 
C. Whitmore, S. L Larrabee, Hon. F. A. Powers. 
W. J. Curtis. 

1876.— G. T. Prince, C. T. Hawes, C. H. Clark, 
C. G. Wheeler, A. T. Parker, Alpheus Sanford, Bion 
Wilson, J. A. Morrill. 

^77—G. L Thompson. Rev. E. M. Cousins, W. 
C. Greene, J. K. Greene, C. W. Morrill, Dr. H. H. 
Smith, C. E. Cobb, S. A. Melcher, D. D. Gilman, 
Prof. G T. Little, Dr. P. H. Ingalls, G. W. Tillson, 
J. E. Chapman, L. H. Reed, Dr. F. H. Crocker, Rev. 
G. A. Holbrook. 

1878.— C. A. Baker, Barrett Potter, H. C. Bax- 
ter, W. E. Sargent, G. C. Purington. E. V. Stetson. 

1879.— W. G Davis, J. P. Huston, H. B. Fifield, 
Frank Kimball, Dr. E. M. Wing (M.). 

1880.— G L. Weil, F. O. Conant, H. A. Wing, 
E. C. Burbank. A. H. Holmes, A. D. Holmes, W. 
P. Perkins, T. H. Riley, G. S. Payson, F. O. Puring- 

1881.— Rev. C. H. Cutler, Dr. William King, F. 
A. Fisher, W. M. Brown, Rev. A. G. Pettingill, 
H. W. Chamberlain, J. W. Manson, D. J. McGilli- 
cuddy, Dr. M. O. Edwards (M.). 

1882.— W. C. Merryman, W. O. Plimpton, Dr. 
G. H. Pierce, Howard Carpenter, J. R. Jordan, Prof. 
W. A. Moody, W. W. Curtis, J. W. Crosby, A. W. 
Mansur, C H. Gilman, Hon. E. U. Curtis, M. H. 
Goodwin, J. F. Libby, M. S. Holway, Irving 
Stearns, A. F. Belcher, A. M. Goddard, A. G. 

1883.— Prof. C. C. Hutchins, Dr. A. C. Gibson, 
A. J. Russell, W. J. Collins, S. T. B. Tackson, Dr. 
A. E. Austin, J. B. Reed. 

1884.— H. M. Wright, J. A. Waterman. 

1885.— Dr. F. N. Whittier, Eugene Thomas, A. 
W. Rogers, E. W. Freeman. 

1886.— Levi Turner, C. W. Tuttle, Dr. T. W. 
Dike, W. V. Wentworth, J. H. Davis. 

1887.— C. M. Austin, F L. Talbot, E. C. Plum- 
mer, C. B. Burleigh, F. D. Dearth, J. V. Lane, W. 
L. Gahan, A. W. Perkins. 

188S.— Jos. Williamson, Jr., W. L. Black, G. F. 
Cary, W. T. Hall, Jr., Dr. H. S. Card, Rev. P. F. 
Marston, A. C. Shorey, A. M. Meserve, D. M. Cole. 

1889.— F. L. Staples, S. L. Fogg, Rev. E. R. 
Stearns, D. E. Owen, F. A. Wilson, Leroy Pren- 
tiss, F. J. C. Little, A. E. Neal, Prof. W. S. Elder. 

1890.— W. H. Greeley, Dr. G. A. Tolman, H. H. 
Hastings, C. L. Hutchinson, E. F. Conant, A. E. 
Stearns, F. E. Dennett, W. T. Dunn, Jr. 

1891.— H. S. Chapman, W. G. Mallett, C. H. 
Hastings, Rev. E. H. Newbegin, Rev. H. H. Noyes, 

C. V. Minott, Jr., J. S. Fogg. (M.), J. F. Kelley, 
(M.), H. deF. Smith, Dr. F. M. Tukey, A. T. 
Brown, Henry Nelson, G. A. Porter, D. M. Bangs. 

1892. — Geo. Downes, R. W. Mann, E. A. Pugs- 
ley, J. D. Merriman, H. F. Linscott, W. O. Hersey, 
L. M. Fobes, C. M. Pennell, S. L. Parcher, H. T. 
Field, T. S. Lazell, H. W. Poor, W. B. Kenniston, 
T. H. Gately, Jr., J. C. Hull, A. L. Hersey, J. F. 
Hodgdon, Rev. H. W. Kimball, L. K. Lee, F. G. 

1893.— A. S. Hutchinson, Dr. J. S. May, A. M. 
Jones, C. C. Bucknam, Rev. H. L. McCann, Dr. A. 
A. Hussey, Dr. B. F. Barker, John H. Pierce. 

1894.— C. A. Flagg, F. J. Libby, H. A. Ross, G. 
A. Merrill, Dr. H. L. Horsman, R. P. Plaisted, C. 
E. Merrit, R. H. Baxter, C. E. Michels, Rev. Nor- 
man McKinnon, W. W. Thomas, H. E. Bryant. 

1895.— H. B. Russ, Dr. J. G W. Knowlton, G 
L. Kimball, L. C. Hatch, Dr. Alfred Mitchell, Jr., 
Dr. B. L. Bryant, F. H. Haskell, P. D. Smith, P. 

D. Stubbs, G C. Webber, R. T. Parker, A. W. 
Morelen, F. H. Mead. 

1896.— J. W. Foster, F. S. Dane, J. C. Minot, 
Philip Dana, Chase Eastman, R. W. Leighton, C. 
A. Knight, J. H. Libby, R. M. Andrews, H. O. 
Clough..^C. P. Mitchell,^. C. Peaks, T. D. Bailey, 
G. T. Ordway. 

1897.— J. E. Rhodes, 2d, G. M. Brett, F. J. Small, 
J. M. Shute, F. G. Kneeland, J. S. Stetson, Rev. 
C. B. Lamb, J. W. Hewitt, E. K. Bodge, Rev. W. C. 
Adams, S. O. Andros, Dr. P. W. Davis. R. W. 
Smith, A. P. Cook, R. S. Randall, Dr. R. H. Clark. 

1898.— J. F. Dana, H. R. Ives, E. K. Welch, P. 
P. Baxter, E. G. Wilson, J. E. Odiorne, E. F. Stud- 
lev, G C. Howard, W. P. McKown, C. F. Kendall, 
R H. Stubbs, W. W. Spear, G H. Sturgis, F. H. 
Swan, C. C. Smith, B. B. MacMillan, E. L. Hall. 

1899.— F. H. Albee, E. A. Kaharl. R. S. Cleaves, 
H. H. Webster, D. B. Hall, E. M. Nelson, Samuel 
Topliff, W. L. Thompson. F. L. Dutton, H. E. 
Marston, W. B. Clarke, H. B. Neagle. R. G Smith, 
W. B. Adams. W. T. Libby, R. E. Randall, A. M. 
Rollins. P. C. Haskell, R. M. Greenlaw, L. P. 
Libby, W. L. Came, L. D. Jennnings 

1900. — H. G Clement, G. B. Colesworthy, J. R. 
Parsons, F. B. Merrill, C. G. Willard, I. F. McCor- 
mick, H. P. West, J. A. Hamlin, J. R. Bass, Mal- 
colm Sylvester, H. C. McCarty, J. F. Knight, E. P. 
Williams, J. W. Whitney, L. M. Spear, J. C. Pear- 
son, H. W. Cobb, F. C. Lee, E. B. Holmes, C. S. 
Bragdon, R. F. Chapman, A. W. Clarke, H. H. Ran- 
dall, G B. Gould, G. F. Goodspeed, W. V. Phillips, 
W. B. Woodbury, H. T. Burbank, J. P. Webber, 
H. C. Todd (M.), F. H. Hobbs (M.), P. L. Pottle. 

1901. — H. L. Berry, G. L. Lewis, E. T. Fenley, 
C. A. Yost. A. P. Larrabee, H. E. Walker, G. L. 
Pratt, K. C. M. Sills, O. L. Dascombe, A. L. 
Laferriere. H. H. Cloudman. L. D. Tyler, H. D. 
Stewart, R. L. Dana, R. E. Bragg, E. K. Leighton, 



E. M. Fuller, Jr., W. A. Johnston, D. F. Snow, H. 
A. Martelle, G. C. Wheeler. J. H. Wyrnan, H. D. 
Evans. H. L. Swett, A. F. Cowan, R. Y. Storer. H. 

F. Quinn, N. J. Gehring. C. B. Rumery, P. S. Hill, 
H. S. Coombs, F. H. Cowan, John Gregson, Jr. 

Freshman Banquet. 

The Freshman Exit Banquet was held this year 
at the casino at Riverton Park on the evening of 
June 19, with 49 members of the Class of IQ05 in 
attendance. The party arrived in Portland on a 
special car attached to the 5.50 train, took a special 
electric car, conspicuous with class banners, and 
made a tour of the city, vigorously singing Bow- 
doin songs and giving college and class yells. Long- 
fellow's monument was heartily cheered, as was also 
George Edwin Fogg, 1902. the famous end on the 
'varsity foot-ball team. The car proceeded, the 
class singing "We'll Drink to Old Bowdoin," com- 
posed by Mr. Fogg, who was left on the corner 
bowing his acknowledgment of the graceful com- 
pliment. Upon arriving at Riverton. boating was 
enjoyed until the performance in the theater com- 
menced. The class occupied the lower reserved 
seats. Phi Chi and other Bowdoin songs were sung 
between the acts. At 10 o'clock the banquet was 
served in the large dining-hall. The tables were set 
in an attractive manner, and the menu was suited to 
the taste of the most carping critic. 

After the dishes were removed, Toast-Master 
Stanley Williams appropriately introduced those 
responding to toasts as follows : 

Class of 1905, Donnell. 

The Faculty, Harvey. 

The Fair Sex, Haggett. 

Athletics, D. C. White. 

As Sophomores, Norton. 

Hazing, Brimijohn. 

Our Duty, W. S. Cushing. 

Our Future, Mansfield. 
■ Our Alma Mater, Hall. 

The following literary exercises were also car- 
ried out : 

Opening Address. L. A. Pierce. 

Singing Class Ode. Air : Marching Through 

Georgia, by S. P. Chase. 
History. __ W. C. Philoon. 

Singing Class Ode. Air : El Capitan, by S. P. 

Oration. J. T. Piper. 

Song — We'll Sing to Old Bowdoin. 
Closing Address. S. O. Symonds. 

Phi Chi. 

The committee of arrangements consisted of 
George Henry Stone, John Hall Brett, and Frank 

The occasion was the most pleasant event of 
Freshman year and it is doubtful if a Freshman 
Class ever had a more successful or enjoyable exit. 


The Class of 1857 held its fortieth reunion this 
Commencement, the headquarters being in the south 
end of the Science Building. Those present included 

General T. H. Hubbard of New York, C. W. Pick- 
ard of Portland, Henry Newbegin of Defiance, O., 
C. F. Hamlin of Bangor, G. W. Pierce of Baldwin, 
S. C. Belcher of Farmington, Hampden Fairfield of 
Saco, G. C. Waterman of Lancaster, N. H., and B. 
Stewart of Lvnn, Mass. 

Hon. Thomas B. Reed gave a dinner to the 
members of the Class of i860 at the Cumberland 
Club, Portland, Friday evening of Commencement 
week. Nine of the surviving thirty-two members 
of the class were present, as follows : Judge H. H. 
Burbank, Saco ; Hon. T. B. Reed, New York ; Judge 
J. W. Symonds, Portland ; S. L. Came, Alfred ; A. 
Jones, Providence. R. I., teacher of Friends School: 
N. E. Boyd, San Francisco ; P. H. Stubbs. lawyer, 
Strong; Gen. John M. Brown, Portland; Rev. 
Edwin A. Harlow, Litchfield. 

The following members were present at the forti- 
eth reunion of the Class of 1862, held during Com- 
mencement week ; Joseph Noble, Washington, D. C. ; 
E. N. Packard. Syracuse, N. Y. ; H. L. Prince, 
Washington, D. C. ;F. A. Hill. Cambridge, Mass. ; 
H. O. Thayer, Portland ; S. W. Pearson, Bruns- 
wick; I. B. Choate, Boston; Gen. C. P. Mattocks. 
Portland : Albion Burbank, Exeter, N. H. ; I. W. 
Starbird, Chelsea, Mass. ; J. T. Magrath, Cambridge, 
Mass. ; Manasseh Smith, Woodfords. 

M. '69. 

The Class of '69 of the Medical School of Maine 
held its seventh reunion in Portland on Tuesday, 
where it was entertained by one of its members, Dr. 
Frederic Henry Gerrish. 

Nine of the seventeen surviving members of the 
class were present. The class met at I p.m. and at 
once preceded to partake of an excellent lunch at 
the Athletic Club rooms. At 2.15 the class went on 
board the parlor car "Bramhall" which had been 
provided for their special accommodation by Dr. 
Gerrish, for a tour of the city and the most noted 
places of resort in the suburbs. Dinner was served 
at 6 o'clock at Riverton Park. 

The members of the class present were A. B. 
Adams, Wilton; J. L. Bennett, Bridgton : F. W. 
Chadbourne, Lowell, Mass. ; F. H. Gerrish, Port- 
land : C. W. Gross, Milton, N. H. ; E. A. Hobbs, 
South Framingham, Mass. ; J. L. Horr. Westbrook ; 
C. B. Sanders, Lowell, Mass. ; W. W. Thomas, Yar- 


Fourteen of the surviving eighteen members of 
the Class of '72 were present at its thirtieth anni- 
versary reunion, at Merrymeeting Park, Wednesday 
evening of Commencement week. The class, 
although it has few rich men, voted to contribute 
$2,500 to the scholarship fund, an example which 
other classes might well emulate. 

'77 had twenty-five of its forty living members 
back and its twenty-fifth reunion Wednesday evening 
was one of the most enjoyable of all the reunions of 
the week. 


Twenty of the twenty-four living members of the 
Class of '82 came back to celebrate their twentieth 

An excellent dinner was served at the Casino. 
Mr. Gilman presided. 

The class voted to begin a fund which should be 
presented to the college on the twenty-fifth anniver- 
sary of the Class of '82 — as a testimonial of love from 
the members thereof — each member of the class con- 
tributing so far as possible in like amount, thus mak- 
ing it a complete demonstration of the zeal and 
unanimity of the class. 

Interesting speeches were made by Messrs. Good- 
win, Libby, Lally, Holway, Moody, Curtis, and Car- 

Prof. W. A. Moody was chosen class secretary 
and class treasurer, and the committee of arrange- 
ments, Messrs. E. U. Curtis of Boston, Charles H. 
Gilman of Portland, and James R. Jordan of Bruns- 
wick, were re-elected as a committee for the twenty- 
fifth anniversary. 


The Class of '92 had its decennial reunion, Thurs- 
day evening, at New Meadows Inn, twenty-one men 
out of the thirty-six members still living being pres- 
ent, the largest number together at one time since 
graduation, with the possible exception of the gath- 
ering in 1894. The exercises consisted of a dis- 
cussion of the class history, informal remarks by 
the members present concerning the doings of the 
class during the years since graduation, the sing- 
ing of the good old songs, and the raising of the 
roof with the class yell. The needs of the college 
received the deepest attention. 

The following members were present : 

Downes, Field, Fobes, Gately, Hersey, W. O., 
Hersey, A. L., Hodgdon, Hull, Kenniston, Kimball, 
Lazell, Lee, Mann, Merryman, J. D., Parcher, Pen- 
nell, Poor, Pugsley, Swett, Wilson. 

'99, 1900, and 1901 held informal reunions at the 
Inn and the Casino, and each was a jolly time. 



The annual spring mass-meeting was held, 
Tuesday evening, June 17, in the Science Building 
north lecture room, and although exam, week was 
at its height, nearly every student in town was 
present. Reports of Manager Mitchell of the track 
team and Manager Robinson of the base-ball team 
were presented and approved. Both these depart- 
ments of Bowdoin athletics come out with a surplus, 
as the reports given below show, thus adding to 
the amount already held by the General Committee 
as the result of three prosperous financial years in 
base-ball, foot-ball, and track. 

The following were elected for next year, from 
the nominees submitted by the Athletic Committee : 

Base-Ball Manager, S. T. Dana, '04; Assistant, 
W. F. Finn, '05; Track Manager, W. K. Wildes, '04; 

Assistant, R. E. Hall, '05; Tennis Manager, W. E. 
Lunt, '04. 

None of the figure-head officials of the various 
"Associations" were elected this year, as it is hoped 
that next year will see the adoption of the new con- 
stitution, which combines all the associations into 
one, with various departments. 

After the business of the election was over, Mr. 
R. W. Mann of Boston read the two constitutions 
which have been drawn up by a committee of which 
he is chairman, as the final expression of the wisest 
ideas of students and alumni. One of these con- 
stitutions is for the General Athletic Council, the 
other for the Student Athletic Association. These 
constitutions are given in full and commented on 
elsewhere in this issue. 

The rest of the evening was devoted to a dis- 
cusion of the details of the constitutions, and the 
meeting closed with a unanimous vote of informal 
approval of them, waiving the paragraphs dealing 
with eligibility and 'varsity rules for further dis- 

Constitution of the Athletic Council of 
Bowdoin College. 

Article I. Name. 
The name of this Body shall be "The Athletic 
Council of Bowdoin College." 

Article II. Purpose. 

The purpose of this' Body shall be to represent 
the Alumni, Faculty and Student interests in the 
active regulations of the athletics of Bowdoin Col- 

Article III. Membership. 

This Body shall be comprised of twelve (12) 
members, as follows, viz. : 

Five (5) Alumni; one of whom shall serve as 
chairman of this Body; 

Two (2) members of the Faculty; 

Five (5) Students; as provided in Article 4 of 
the Constitution of the Bowdoin College Athletic 

Article IV. Elections. 

The Alumni and Faculty members shall be elected 
by a majority vote of their respective bodies at Com- 
mencement, and the Student members shall be 
elected in accordance with the provisions of Article 
4 of the Constitution of the "Bowdoin College Ath- 
letic Association," and each member shall serve one 
year from the date of such election: 

Article V. Jurisdiction and Duties. 

Section I. This Body shall have full jurisdiction 
over all matters relating to or in any way connected 
with the athletic interests of Bowdoin College, 
including the power to declare a vacancy in the office 
of Manager or Captain of any team whenever in the 
judgment of this Body the Administration thereof is 
contrary to the athletic interests of the college. 

Sec. 2. It shall be the duty of this Body imme- 
diately subsequent to its election, to elect by a major- 
ity vote one of its Alumni or Faculty members as 
Treasurer and the said Treasurer shall act as custo- 
dian of all records and other property belonging to 



or in any manner connected with each athletic 
department, and the said Treasurer shall hold, sub- 
ject to the direction of this Body, all original esti- 
mates and reports laid before it by each manager 
during the period of his managership, together with 
all Books of Record and all funds remaining as bal- 
ance to the credit of each athletic department, at the 
end of its respective season, in accordance with the 
provisions of Article VI., Sections 4, 5, 6 of the Con- 
stitution of the Bowdoin College Athletic Associa- 

Sec. 3. It shall be the duty of this Body to nom- 
inate from the members of the incoming Junior Class 
two (2) candidates for Manager, and from the 
incoming Sophomore Class two (2) candidates for 
Assistant Manager, of each athletic team, from 
whom a choice must be made as provided in Article 
VI., Section 2, of the Constitution of the "Bowdoin 
College Athletic Association." 

Sec. 4. It shall be the duty of this Body to keep 
fully advised at all times of the exact financial con- 
dition of the several athletic departments, and for 
that purpose it shall have power to require any 
manager to submit a statement of the finances of his 
department at any time. And it shall further be the 
duty of this Body to withhold from any manager 
its permission to engage in any game or contest, 
whenever in the judgment of this Body the financial 
condition of that department warrants such action. 

Sec. 5. It shall be the duty of this Body to pub- 
lish over the signature of its chairman, in that issue 
of the Bowdoin Orient next subsequent to the close 
of each athletic season a statement of the financial 
condition of such department, audited by the Treas- 
urer of this Body. 

Article VI. 

It shall be the duty of the Chairman of this Body 
to preside at all meetings and to call meetings thereof 
at any time upon the request of any member of this 
Body or of the Manager or Captain of any of the 
athletic teams, and; 

It shall further be the duty of the Chairman to 
make a full report of the results of each athletic 
department for the previous year, both financial and 
otherwise, to the Alumni of the College at the 
annual meeting of that body at Commencement. 

Article VII. 
This Constitution may be adopted with respect to 
the Alumni by a majority of those voting at their 
regular meeting at Commencement, 1902; with 
respect to the Faculty, by a majority of those voting 
at a meeting of that body held during Commence- 
ment week ; and with respect to the Students, as 
provided in Article XII. of the Constitution of the 
"Bowdoin College Athletic Association." 

Article I. Name. 
The name of this Association shall be "The Bow- 
doin College Athletic Association." 

Article II. Purpose. 
The purpose of this Association shall be the fur- 
therance of the interests of the various branches of 
athletics by the students of Bowdoin College. 

Article III. Membership. 
This Association shall consist of all members of 
the Student Body in any department of the college 
in good and regular standing. 

Article IV. Officers. 

The officers of this Association shall consist of 
three (3) members as follows: 

(1) A President and (2) a Vice-President, 
chosen from the Junior Class, and (3) a Secretary 
chosen from the Sophomore Class, who, by virtue of 
their election to such office, shall, jointly with two 
members of this Association, chosen one each from 
the Sophomore and Freshman Classes, become mem- 
bers of the "Athletic Council ;" and these five mem- 
bers of that Body shall be elected by a majority of 
the members of this Association present at the reg- 
ular meeting thereof held at the end of each spring 

Article V. Duties of Officers. 
Section 1. President. 

It shall be the duty of the President of this Asso- 
ciation (1) to preside at all meetings thereof; (2) 
to serve as a representative of the student interests 
as a member of the "Athletic Council," jointly with 
the Vice-President and Secretary of this Associa- 
tion; (3) to authorize the Secretary to call a regu- 
lar meeting of this Association at the beginning and 
end of each term, or at any time upon request of the 
"Athletic Council" or of the Manager or Captain of 
any of the athletic teams. 

Section 2. Vice-President. 
It shall be the duty of the Vice-President of this 
Association: (1) To perform all the duties and ful- 
fil all the functions incumbent upon the President, 
in the absence of the latter. (2) To serve as the 
representative of the student interests as a member 
of the "Athletic Council" jointly with the President 
and Secretary of this Association. 

Section 3. Secretary. 
It shall be the duty of the Secretary of this 
Association (1) to keep accurate and complete 
record of the proceedings of each meeting of this 
Association, together with exact copies of all reports 
laid before that body. All such records and reports 
he shall duly transfer to his successor in office at 
the expiration of his term of service; (2) to serve 
as the representative of the student interests as a 
member of the "Athletic Council" jointly with the 
President and Vice-President of this Association. 

Article VI. Managers. 
Section 1. 
It shall be the duty of each Manager to attend 
to all business connected with any game or contest 
played by his respective team. 

Section 2. 
The Manager of each Athletic Department shall 
be elected from the incoming Junior Class, and the 
Assistant Manager from the Sophomore Class, by 
a majority vote of the members of this Association 
present at a regular meeting thereof as follows : 
Viz., the Manager and Assistant Manager of the 
Foot-Ball Team at the end of each Fall term. The 
Manager and Assistant Manager of the Base-Ball, 
Track and Tennis Teams at the end of each Spring 



Provided, however, that such election shall be 
made from the two (2) candidates previously nom- 
inated for such offices by the "Athletic Council" as 
provided in Article V., Section 3 of the constitution 
of that body. 

Section 3. 

Immediately upon his election to office the Man- 
ager shall receive from the "Athletic Treasurer," 
and retain during the period of his managership, a 
"Property Book" in which he shall keep a complete 
detailed record of all uniforms and other property 
received or purchased by him, or used in connection 
with his department, together with an exact record 
of the disposition thereof, containing the names of 
the individuals to whom such has been delivered ; 
and the said Manager shall thereby account for all 
such property which has been either in his own or 
in the possession of any individual member of his 
department during the period of his managership. 

Section 4. 
. It shall be the duty of each Manager to submit 
to the "Athletic Council" all plans involved in the 
arrangement of schedules for games during his 
athletic season, together with a careful estimate of 
all monies to be received and all expenses to be 
incurred in each, and he shall invariably receive the 
permission of that body prior to entering into any 
agreement to engage in any game or contest. 

Section 5. 

It shall be the duty of each Manager to solicit 
funds for the support of his team, with the aid of his 
Assistant Manager, and he shall invariably use a 
regularly adopted Subscription Book for the pur- 
pose. And it shall further be the duty of each 
Manager to keep a detailed account in a book pro- 
vided for that purpose of all monies, from whatso- 
ever source received, and of all payments made, 
accompanied by proper vouchers therefor, during the 
period of his managership ; and he shall submit such 
at any time to the "Athletic Council" upon request 
of that body; but the said Manager shall not incur 
any expense nor pay any bill amounting in the 
aggregate to more than $50 in any one athletic 
season, except in the furtherance of such plans as 
have already been approved by the "Athletic 

Section 6. 

It shall be the duty of each Manager to deliver to 
the "Athletic Treasurer" the "Property," "Sub- 
scription" and other books of record, together with 
all funds remaining as balance to the credit of his 
department, not later than one week subsequent to 
the close of his athletic season. 

Section 7. 
The Assistant Managers shall be under the direct 
supervision of their respective Managers and sub- 
ject at all times to their direction. The Assistant 
Manager of the Base-Ball team shall act as official 
scorer of that team. 

Article VII. Eligibility. 
Section 1. 
Only students in good and regular standing shall 
represent the college in any branch of athletic sports. 

Section 2. 

No student shall represent the college in any 
department of athletics who has previously repre- 
sented any college or colleges for four years in any 
athletic department. 

Section 3. 

No student who shall hereafter become a pro- 
fessional under the interpretation of the Amateur 
Athletic Union shall be allowed to represent the col- 
lege in any branch of athletics. 

Article VIII. Captains. 
Section I. 
The Captains shall have full charge of their 
respective teams while on the field and shall select 
them with the advice of the coach. 

Section 2. 

The Base-Ball and Foot-Ball Captains shall be 
elected by a majority of all members of their 
respective teams, who have played two full scheduled 
games or parts of three scheduled games and have 
retained their good standing, but a game in which a 
regular player is injured shall count to such player 
as a full game. 

The Captain of the Track Athletic Team shall 
be elected by a majority vote of all members of the 
team representing the college at the meet of the New 
England Athletic Association and scoring in the 
Maine Intercollegiate Meet. These elections shall 
be by ballot. 

Section 3. 

Any member thus entitled to vote, and unable to 
be present, may vote in writing, and said vote shall 
be valid if signed by the voter. 

Section 4. 
The election of the Captain shall take place 
within three weeks after the last scheduled game. 

Section 5. 
Should the office of Captain become vacant at 
any time before the opening of a season, the vacancy 
shall be filled by a vote of the team of the previous 
season as hereinbefore provided, non-resident mem- 
bers voting by writing. 

Section 6. 
Should the vacancy occur during the season of 
scheduled games, it shall be filled in the manner 
before provided by a vote of all candidates for the 
team who have played in any scheduled game of the 

Article IX. The "B." 
Section 1. 
The following are entitled to wear the "B" : 
Members of a team eligible to vote for a Captain as 
provided in the foregoing article ; members of relay 
teams scoring intercollegiate matches ; and the 
winners in any intercollegiate tournament. 

Section 2. 
The "B's" granted in the various athletic depart- 
ments shall be as follows: Foot-ball, block "B"; 
base-ball, common "B" ; track athletics, large 
English "B" ; and tennis, small German "B." The 
Managers shall be allowed to wear a "B" cap with 



a small "m" underneath the "B." The Managers 
shall be allowed to wear an "athletic coat" with the 
insignia of the department. 

Section 3. 

Class numerals shall be worn on class sweaters 
and caps only. 

Section 4. 

The following shall make a student eligible to 
wear class numerals : By playing one whole game 
or parts of two games in the Freshman-Sophomore 
base-ball series ; by playing in the Freshman-Sopho- 
more foot-ball game ; by participating on the class 
squad at the indoor meet ; or by winning a point at 
the indoor meet. 

Article X. Class Teams. 
Section 1. 
In any game between class teams, or in any game 
between any class team and an out-of-town team, 
the class team shall be made up of members of their 
respective classes in good and regular standing. 
Under no condition shall a member of another class, 
a special student, or a medical student be allowed to 
play on such class team. 

Section 2. 
Any class or scrub team (track athletic, foot- 
ball or base-ball) shall first obtain consent of the 
Captain and Manager of its department, with the 
approval of the "Athletic Council" prior to arranging 
any game or contest with any other team. 

Article XL 

The Constitution of the "Athletic Council" is 
hereby adopted and the provisions contained therein 
are hereby made a part of this Constitution. 

Article XII. 

This Constitution may be adopted by a majority 
vote of the students of Bowdoin College present at 
a meeting called for that purpose. 

Article XIII. 

This Constitution may be amended by a two- 
thirds vote of the members of this Association. 




1901 subscriptions collected $55- 00 

1902 subscriptions collected 750-95 

Profit from score card 20.90 

Miscellaneous receipts, goods sold, etc., 73-07 

Receipts from games and guarantees : 
'Varsity : 

Colby exhibition game 81.31 

Dartmouth 185.00 

Bates, exhibition game 74-8o 

U. of M. at Orono 75.00 

Exeter 60.00 

Amherst and Mass. State College 110.00 

U. of M. at Brunswick 117.60 

Bates, May 24, at Lewiston 25.00 

Colby at Brunswick 55-30 

U. of M., exhibition game (gross rec), 170.10 

Brunswick 28.85 

Harvard 115.00 

Colby at Waterville 40.00 

Ivy Day game 176.75 

Second Nine: 

Kent's Hill at Brunswick 14.40 

Kent's Hill at Kent's Hill 35.00 

Hebron at Brunswick 7.35 

Bridgton Academy 25.00 

Westbrook Seminary 10.00 

Farmington 27.00 

Salary and expenses of Coach Williams.... $108.50 

Salary of Coach Newenham 320.00 

Expenses of Coach Newenham 73-15 

Repairs to diamond 22.70 

Wright & Ditson's bill 360.56 

Other materials purchased 72.12 

Postage, express, telegrams, printing, and 

other miscellaneous expense 79-76 

Cost of games and trips : 


Colby, exhibition game 67-71 

Dartmouth 184.14 

Bates, May 5, Lewiston 21.25 

Orono 69.00 

Exeter 58.10 

Amherst 214.48 

U. of M. at Brunswick 97.4S 

Bates, May 24, Lewiston 15-70 

Colby at Brunswick 52.62 

Bangor, gross expenses 136.10 

Brunswick 20.57 

Harvard 87.55 

Waterville 37-85 

Ivy Day game 52.05 

Second Nine : 

Kent's Hill at Brunswick 39-44 

Kent's Hill at Kent's Hill 35-00 

Hebron at Brunswick 25.73 

Bridgton Academy 35-00 

Westbrook Seminary 12.60 

Farmington 28.30 

Total receipts 2,333.38 

Total expenses 2,327.43 

Cash balance to Athletic Com... $5.95 
Unpaid subscriptions 55-05 

Respectfully submitted, 

Clement F. Robinson, 

Approved : 

Philip O. Coffin, 

Auditor for Athletic Com. 

The sum- total of financial transactions is $1,000 
greater this season than last, consequent on the 
increased number of games and expensive trips, 
and on the expenditure of $250 more for coaching 
and $100 more for athletic materials. The increased 



expense was largely met by an increase of $250 in 
the student subscriptions collected. It was also 
helped out by Harvard's courtesy in raising the 
guarantee offered for the game scheduled at Cam- 
bridge, because of some inconvenience the university 
manager caused Bowdoin in the arranging of the 
date, and by the courtesy of Harvard still further in 
paying the full guarantee, although rain prevented 
the game. The attendance at some of the home 
games was very unsatisfactory, and weather condi- 
tions were often disappointing, but the financial 
account managed to come out six dollars ahead of 
the original estimate made at the beginning of the 


Amount Received. 

Subscriptions $485.50 

Subscriptions, B. A. A 114.00 

Guarantee, B. A. A 4°-°° 

Shoes 7-50 

Rebate, N. E. I. A. A 17-35 

Borrowed of Prof. Smith 2.50 

Old subscriptions 10.00 

Borrowed of Prof. Moody 40.00 

Indoor Meet 164.00 

Ads 39-50 

Invitation Meet 16445 

Programs 23.00 

Amount Paid. 

Incidentals $70.55 

B. A. A. expenses 94-32 

Indoor Meet H3-79 

Maine Meet 65.10 

Worcester Meet 197-75 

Dues to N. E. I. A. A 10.00 

Invitation Meet 149-43 

Lathrop, coach 292.08 

Sweaters, etc 38.00 


Amount received $1,107.80 

Amount paid 1,031.02 

Balance $76.78 

Respectfully submitted, 

John L. Mitchell, Manager. 
Approved : 

P. O. Coffin, 

Auditor for Ath. Com. 


The following is a summary of the financial 
accounts of the Advisory Committee for the college 
year 1902-3 : 

Wm. A. Moody, Treasurer, in account with the 
Committee : 


Oct. 1, to balance from last year $388.88 

Oct. 29, to cash, 10 per cent, of gate receipts, 42.11 
Nov. 18, to cash, 10 per cent, of gate receipts, 27.25 

Dec. 10, to balance of foot-ball accts. (S. W. 

Noyes) 719-73 

April 23, to cash, 10 per cent, gate receipts. . 5.29 

May 4, to cash, 10 per cent, gate receipts. .. . 1.44 

June 2, to cash, 10 per cent, gate receipts. . 13.30 

June 7, to cash, 10 per cent, gate receipts. . 2.07 

June 13, to cash, 10 per cent, gate receipts. . 13.85 
June 30, to balance Athletic Association 

accounts (J. L. Mitchell) 80.40 

July 5, to balance base-ball accounts (C. F. 

Robinson) 5.95 


Nov. 18, by cash advanced for track ath- 
letics (J. L. Mitchell) $40.00 

Nov. 27, by cash paid Wm. Muir for work 

on field 5.33 

Nov. 27, by cash paid for shot (bill of last 

year) 3-28 

Feb. 11, by cash paid several bills for F. B. 
Association, per I. W. Nutter, by vote 
of committee 50.00 

Feb. 12, bv cash paid bills for B. B. Cage 

to I. P. Booker 294.17 

Feb. 12, by cash paid bills for B. B. Cage 

to G. W. Parker 7.84 

Feb. 14, by cash paid bills for B. B. Cage 

to F. N. Whittier 34.65 

Mar. 22, by cash delegates' expenses to H. 

R. Webb 10.30 

April 24, by cash delegates' expenses to C. 

T. Hawes 300 

June 18, by cash paid for tennis expenses at 
Longwood, to Geo. Libby, Jr., by vote 
of committee 54-40 

June 18, by cash paid for roller by vote of 

committee 25.45 

June 20, by cash paid exepnses in training 
Denning, to W. K. Wildes by vote of 
committee 30.00 

June 23, by cash paid advertising F. B. Asso- 
ciation to I. W. Nutter by vote of com- 
mittee 20.00 

June 30, by cash paid Maine Water Co 10.00 

June 30, by cash paid police for field 11.00 

July 5, by balance 700.85 


The funds of the committee are disposed as fol- 
lows : 

Union National Bank balance $194.90 

Brunswick Savings Institution deposit 500.00 

Cash in hands of Treasurer 5.95 


General treasury account $624.45 

Ten Per-cent. Fund account 76-40 


The foregoing accounts have been examined and 
found correct. 

(Signed) P. O. Coffin, Auditor. 

The infield between second and third bases of the 
new base-ball diamond built last year is being 
enlarged about twenty feet this summer. 




Viles and Bradstreet, '03, have left college. 

The annual Y. M. C. A. handbook will probably 
be issued before the beginning of the term and sent 
to prospective Freshmen. 

A silk souvenir badge was presented to every 
alumnus this Commencement, which served in lieu 
of a ticket for admission to the exercises and the 
Commencement dinner. 

The total number of names given in the new cat- 
alogue is 5,192, of whom the graduates of the College 
in the academic department number 2,981, and the 
medical graduates number 1,825. 

Most of the Faculty and many of the visitors 
wore academic gowns this Commencement. By vote 
of the Boards this will be a custom, henceforth, for 
the Faculty and members of the Boards. 

The engagement was announced, during Com- 
mencement week, of Miss Sara J. Hall, daughter of 
Captain Bell Hall of Brunswick, to John Appleton, 
Jr., of the Class of 1902, son of Judge F. H. Apple- 
ton of Bangor. 

Among the many young ladies from out of the 
State who were present at the Senior Promenade 
were two whose fathers are numbered among Bow- 
doin's most cherished alumni, — Miss Reed and Miss 
Hubbard, both of New York. 

Clifford Lowell, '04, was severely injured by a 
fall, the week before examinations, and had to be 
carried to the Maine General Hospital. A surgical 
operation was performed, and though his condition 
is yet critical, it is hoped that he will recover. 

The following are the assistants in the various 
departments, next year : Chemistry, R. B. Dole, 
'02; Physics, M. P. Cram, '04; History, E. S. 
Anthoine, '02 ; Economics, S. O. Martin, '03 ; Mathe- 
matics, D. E. McCormick, '03. 

Eighty men have been admitted to the Class of 
1906 as the result of the examinations this spring, 
though the class- itself may be larger or smaller, 
according as more or less men take examinations in 
the fall for the first time, and as more or less of 
those already admitted decide not to come. 

The engagement is announced of Miss Orra D. 
Mitchell of Bath to Thomas H. Riley, Jr., '03, of 
Brunswick. Miss Mitchell is a daughter of Mr. and 
Mrs. Vernon Mitchell, a graduate of the Bath High 
School, and is clerk at the office of the Sagadahoc 
Probate Register. Mr. Riley is the Brunswick rep- 
resentative of the Lewiston Journal and the Boston 

The new general catalogue of Bowdoin College 
was published at Commencement time, and may be 
obtained of the Librarian for fifty cents a copy. It 
gives the important facts in the life of every gradu- 
ate, literary, medical and honorary, together with a 
table of the officers of government and instruction 
since the founding of the College. It is a book of 
258 pages, arranged very tastefully and printed, by 
the University Press, Cambridge. 

Manager Mitchell was able to furnish the track 
team with sweaters, and yet hand over a large cash 
balance to the Athletic Committee. The financial 
condition of the base-ball -treasury would not allow 
the complete fitting out of the whole team, but the 
seniors were given sweaters, and the whole team 
were presented with caps, of which half the cost was 
contributed by Wright & Ditson. 

After a great deal of discussion the Dartmouth 
Trustees at the present Commencement voted not to 
confer the B. L. degree after June, 1905, and to con- 
fer the A. B. degree without Greek. The group 
system of prescribed courses in college was also 
adopted. This leaves only a very small list of col- 
leges which have not given in to the popular demand 
for the granting of A. B. without Greek. 

The annual meeting of the Bowdoin Debating 
Club for the election of officers was held in the 
French room Friday evening, June 18. The follow- 
ing officers were elected for the ensuing year: — 
President, F. G. Marshall, '03; 1st vice-president, E. 
F. Merrill, '03 ; 2d vice-president, S. T. Dana, '04 ; 
secretary, G B. Whitney, '04; treasurer, S. O. Mar- 
tin, '03 : executive committee, L. V. Walker, '03, S. 
C. W. Simpson, '03, E. L. Brigham, '04, and E. LaF. 
Harvey, '05. 

Following is the Bates foot-ball schedule for the 
coming season : 

Sept. 27 — Bar Harbor A. A. at Lewiston. 

Oct. 2 — Dartmouth at Hanover. 

Oct. 4 — Harvard at Cambridge. 

Oct. II — Boston College at Lewiston. 

Oct. 18 — Colby at Waterville. 

Oct. 22 — Brown at Providence. 

Oct. 29 — Tufts at Boston. 

Nov. 1 — U. of M. at Lewiston. 

Nov. 28 — Bowdoin at Brunswick. 

'90. — J. B. Pendleton, the traveling representative 
of Wright & Ditson, lost his only son, a little fellow 
of eight years old, by pneumonia a few weeks ago. 


'51. — General Hubbard recently endowed a $10,000 
chair in ethics in the Albany Law School. General 
Hubbard was a member of the Law School, class 
of '6 1. 

'73. — Dr. D. A. Robinson of Bangor is promi- 
nently spoken of as a recent article in the Boston 
Sunday Herald shows, for the position of represen- 
tative to Congress from the Third District on the 
expiration in 1904 of the next term of Hon. Llewellyn 

'98. — The Orient has read with interest half-a- 
dozen carefully written census bulletins which have 
been sent it during the last few weeks. These bul- 
letins, which deal with certain phases of manufac- 
turing, were prepared by A. L. Hunt, and his work is 
receiving high praise. He is retained on the 
permanent rolls of the census department because of 
the fitness he has demonstrated for census work. 




RUNG a a 

A marvelous invention for everyone who writes. 
Improves your handwriting one hundred 
per cent, in a few days. Can be used with 
pen or pencil. For man, woman, or child. 
Endorsed by Boards of Education New York, 
Philadelphia, and Boston. Sent post-paid for 
10 cents. 




Discomfort and Restraint, 

and acquire ease and freedom, when 
fencing, or in any exercises requiring 
agility, by wearing 



1 The only suspender 
made on a scientific 
basis; moves when 


q/jw v v° L ' foi- 

0?] lows every 

bend of the 

body. College 

men in "every class" 

wear them. Look for 

* President" on the 

buckles. Trimmings 

can not rust. Price, 50 

cents everywhere, or by 

mail, postpaid. State 

whether you want them 

light or dark, wide or 


j^\ MFG. CO., Box. 280 
Shirley, Mass. 





35 Cents Each. 

H\X7" "VttWTOTrTV 91 Maine Street, 

Get your Books Bound and Repaired at the 


Journal Block, LEWISTON. 

od Library Work. 


Work done reasonable and well. 

Call on us with your next order. 



that comes from our laundry is one sweet lay of joy and 
gladness, so sweet, so pure, and clean. Collars and Cuffs 
join in the chorus, and you can symphony if you become 
a customer. 

J. C. W00DR0W &. CO., Proprietors. 

W. E. LTJNT, Agent, 31 Main Hall. 

Mention Orient when Patronizing Our Advertisers. 



No. 10. 





Clement F. Robinson, 1903, Editor-in-Chief. 

Farnsworth G. Marshall, 1903, Business Manager. 

William T. Eowe, 1904, Assistant Editor-in-Chief. 
Harold J. Everett, 1904, Assistant Business Manager. 

Associate Editors. 

S. C. W. Simpson, 1903. S. T. Dana, 1904. 

B. S. Viles, 1903. E. H. R. Burroughs, 1905. 

G. C. Purington, Jr., 1904. W. F. Finn, Jr., 1905. 
W. S. Cushing, 1905. 

Per annum, in advance, 
Per Copy, 

10 Cents. 

Please address business communications to the Business 
Manager, and all other contributions to the Editor-in-Chief. 

Entered at the Post-OQice at Brunswick as Second-Glass Mail Matter. 
Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston. 

Bowdoin's second century of work began 
Thursday morning, September 25. May it be 
as honorable and successful as the century 
behind us ! 

An important action was taken by the 
Faculty at their first regular meeting of the 
term, Monday, September 29. Heretofore 
those taking the three Medical Courses in the 
last two terms of Senior year have been 
obliged to take a fourth course in the 
Academic Department, or have an extra from 
some previous term to substitute for that 
fourth course. By the regulation now 
adopted, the three medical courses will be all 
that is required from the students electing 
them. A failure in any one of these courses 

will count the same as a failure in any college 
course, therefore the Faculty strongly advises 
those Seniors who elect Medical School 
courses to have in readiness two extras to sub- 
stitute in order to obtain the diploma and 
degree of Bachelor of Arts in case of a failure 
in one of the difficult medical courses. 

The following explicit letter from the cap- 
tain of our foot-ball team explains itself: 

Brunswick, Sept. 29. 
Editor Bozvdoin Orient: 

Dear Sir — On account of the report in the 
newspapers of the assertions about my reasons 
for leaving another college and coming to 
Bowdoin, I feel it my duty to myself and to 
my college to state that athletics had nothing 
whatever to do with my action. I left that 
college because I was not satisfied there, and I 
came to Bowdoin because I was attracted by 
the courses offered, particularly the Medical 
Preparatory Course, and by the general char- 
acter of the college. I never was promised the 
captaincy of the foot-ball team, nor was I 
bought in any other way. Any one acquainted 
with Bowdoin athletics would know such accu- 
sations are absurd. 

Yours sincerely, 

Daniel C. Munro. 

This issue of the Ortent greets the largest 
enrollment of undergraduates in the history 
of the college. The college year has hardly 
begun, but already the newcomers are begin- 
ning to feel at home here, and if there were 
any who felt doubtful of their choice in com- 
ing to Bowdoin, the doubts must be vanishing 
fast in the spirit of harmonious enthusiasm 
with which old and new students alike are 
beginning the work of the year in athletics 
and scholastic and social ways. It is a tradi- 
tional piece of advice from Seniors to Fresh- 



men to make the most of Freshman year by 
starting right in all the college interests, and 
the Orient would be false to its own tradi- 
tions if it did not emphasize that advice in its 
first issue of the year. The first year at college 
makes the reputation of the individual, — and 
in the following years it is far easier to live up 
to a reputation for energy and good fellow- 
ship and conscientiousness than it is to change 
a poorer sort of a reputation already formed. 
The new men are all Bowdoin men now, and 
they must not forget that the Bowdoin men of 
whom we are proud were men who had a 
serious purpose in college and kept a purpose 
afterwards. 1906 will be the 101st class to 
graduate, and it should start the new century 
of classes with a standard as high as that held 
by the classes behind us. 

The action of the Bates Faculty in decree- 
ing a forced assessment of one dollar a term 
on each student for athletics, to be collected by 
the college and handed over to the athletic 
associations, will make the managers' positions 
sinecures, but the action is somewhat impolitic 
and probably would be called illegal by the 
courts. It goes to prove the assertion made 
as a matter of fact by unprejudiced persons that 
the tendency in some of the colleges in New 
England is towards dependence instead of 
independence, — in athletics and debating and 
conduct of the curriculum. 


It is taken for granted that every member 
of the Freshman Class will desire his name to 
be upon the list of subscribers to the Orient, 
and consequently it will be sent to each one of 
the class. This method is customarily 
employed, as it is a means of saving a great 
amount of labor to the business manager. 

We hope that every Freshman will take a 
personal interest in the Orient and that his 
sense of duty to his college paper will cause 
him to become a permanent subscriber. 

A mass-meeting of the students, called by 
President Havey of the Senior Class, came 
together in the Chemical Lecture-Room, Mon- 
day evening, September 29. Andy P. 
Havey presided, and Robinson, '03, was made 
secretary of the meeting. Discussion of the 
proposed Constitutions of the Athletic Asso- 
ciation and the Athletic Council was the object 
of the meeting. As had been confidently 
expected, there was not the slightest objection 
to the main features of the plan, and these 
were unanimously adopted with a feeling of 
relief at the thought that the discussion of the 
last five years is ended. Several sections 
aroused opposition, and these were laid on the 
table and referred to a committee made up of 
Captains Havey, Nutter, and Munro from the 
Senior _Class, and Dana and Coan from the 
Junior Class. These committees will report 
substitutes at an adjourned meeting this 
Thursday evening at seven o'clock, and report 
at the same time a slate of nominations for the 
officers of the Association and undergraduate 
members of the Council. The sections which 
were laid over are in the Constitution of the 
Athletic Association as printed in the Com- 
mencement Orient as follows: Article VII., 
3; Article VIII. , 2, 3, 5, 6; Article IX., 1, 2. 
These sections deal with eligibility rules and 
wearing of the B's. The Constitution as 
amended and accepted will be printed in next 
week's Orient. 

Good times are having their effect on the 
pocket-books of the people of New England, 
and all the colleges report large Freshman 
classes. In our immediate vicinity Bates, 
Colby, and the University of Maine all claim 
the largest classes in their history. The last 
named leads with a registration of 157 new 
students, all of whom are as usual counted as 
Freshmen, although many of them are, of 
course, taking short courses in Pharmacy or 



Agriculture, and will not make the size of the 
class at graduation, which is the only fair com- 
parison, much larger than the average of the 
other Maine colleges. The newspaper reports 
of the entering class at Bowdoin were, of 
course, imperfect, because these reports had to 
be prepared before the students had registered 
and it could be ascertained how many new 
ones had been added to (the list already 
granted admission tickets and how many had 
failed to appear. We are able to give now the 
full details of the registration of the Fresh- 
men as well as of the upper classes. The 
newspaper report that we have eighty-six in 
the Freshman Class will be seen to be not tech- 
nically true ; but if we count in those specials 
who are only prevented from being entered at 
once on the books with the class to which they 
will eventually belong by the strictness of 
Bowdoin's rules in regard to conditions, the 
class approaches very near that mark. There 
are, in fact, eighty men taking Freshman 
studies, which would mean in a college which 
admitted on certificate, as most New England 
colleges do, a class of eighty men. 

The total registration of the college will be 
280, a gain of twenty-five over last year, or ten 
per cent. It will be noticed by any onewho goes 
over the list of the upper classes that Bowdoin 
is unique in Maine in the respect that losses to 
classes between two years are .almost wholly 
made up by the entrance of other men on 
advanced standing, so that Bowdoin classes 
graduate only one or two less in number than 
they enter. 

The classes, then, will be made up in the 
catalogue for the current year, except for such 
minor changes as may occur later, as follows : 

Seniors. — Four names in the present catalogue 
are dropped and one added (E. W. Moore), making 
a total of 63. 

Juniors. — Seven names in the present catalogue 
are dropped and three added, as follows : J. F. Cox, 
Houlton, from Georgetown University; J. F. 
Schneider, from Bangor Theological Seminary; G. 
G. Wilder, of Pembroke, formerly of 1903. 

This makes a total for the Juniors of 60. 

Sophomores. — Seven names in the present cata- 
logue will be dropped and six added, which include 

the following five new names : J. M. Emery, Bar 
Harbor; W. B. Clarke, Houlton; R. W. Pettengill, 
Augusta; L. D. Weld, Hyde Park, Mass.; R. G. 
Finn. This makes a total of 64. 

Freshmen. — Besides four names already in the 
catalogue, the following men will probably make up 
the Freshman Class. All but a half-dozen of these 
have registered, and those few have written definitely 
that they will come within a couple of weeks. 

D. B. Andrews, Portland; P. R. Andrews, Ken- 
nebunk; J. A. Bartlett, Richmond; C. S. 
Davis, Calais; A. H. Bodkin, Jr., Norway; 
A. R. Boothby, Westbrook ; C. H. Bradford, 
South Livermore; P. M. Brown, Wilton; H. 
P. Chapman, Portland ; P. Chapman, Portland ; H. 
L. Childs, Lewiston; M. T. Copeland, Brewer; C 
H. Cunningham, Strong; M. S. Curtis, Pawtucket, 
R. I. ; I. C. Davis, Empire, Me. ; H. S. Elder, Wood- 
fords ; L. C. Evans, North Easton, Mass. ; C. H. 
Grindle. Bar Harbor; E. R. Hale, Gorham; S. G. 
Haley, Jr., Brooklyn, N. Y. ; C. C. Hall, Jr., Dover; 
G. U. Hatch. Belfast; C. J. Hicks, Westbrook; R. 
J. Hodgson, Jr., Lewiston; C. C. Holman, Farming- 
ton ; C. F. Jenks, Canton, Mass. ; W. T. Johnson, 
Augusta; D. C. Kalloch, Portland; C. C. Knowlton, 
Ellsworth; L. D. Leavitt, Bowdoinham; A. P. Mer- 
rill, Skowhegan; G. H. Morrill, Westbrook; F. L. 
Packard, Turner ; G. Parcher, Ellsworth ; Leon V. 
Parker. Cumberland Mills ; Elmer Perry, Portland ; 
F. E. R. Piper, Portland; F. S. Piper, North Par- 
sonsfield; D. R. Porter, Bangor; W. A. Powejs, 
Houlton; A. O. Putnam, Houlton; C. B. Randall, 
Hudson, Mass.; T. B. Roberts, Norway; C. A. 
Rogers, Brunswick; F. D. Rowe, Ellsworth; H. A. 
Sawyer, Portland; J. W. Sewall, Jr., Oldtown; C. 
Shaw, North Gorham; R. E. Shaw, Freeport; C. 
Skolfield, North Harpswell ; F. E. Smith, Norway ; 
C. Soule, South Freeport; H. S.. Stetson, Brunswick; 
H. W. Stevens, Saco; R. R. Stevens, Kennebunk; H. 
L. Stimpson, Brunswick; W. H. Stone, Biddeford; 
H. G. Tobey, Clinton, Mass.; G. W. Tuell, Bethel; 
T. B. Walker, Biddeford; J. S. Waterman, Roxbury, 
Mass.; R. G. Webber, Augusta; R. B. Williams, 
Farmington; J. P. Winchell, Jr., Brunswick; H. P. 
Winslow, Gardiner; E. E. Wing, Fairfield; R. T. 
Woodruff, Brunswick; W. E. Youland, Jr., Bidde- 

This makes the size of the whole class of 1906, 72. 

Specials. — Besides six of the nine names already 
in the catalogue there are registered 15 special stu- 
dents, as follows: E. C. Bates, St. Stephens, N. B. ; 
W. A. Booker, Brunswick; R. P. Brown, Greenville; 
J. W. Channing, Topsham ; R. O. Davis, Bridgton; 
Joe Gunibel, New Orleans, La. ; Lester Gumbel, New 
Orleans, La.; Adolph Hubbard, Boston; Roland 
McKay, Bowdoinham; B. M. Mikelsky, Bath; N. 
C. Prince, Omaha, Neb.: A. H. Staples, Brunswick; 
C. J. Sweeney; H. R. Trott, Portland; Samuel Whit- 
more, Brunswick. Total special, 21. 

Total of the whole college, therefore, is just 280. 

A beginning has been made on the grading of the 
end of the campus towards the Hubbard Library 
Building. When that building is done the college 
grounds will stretch smoothly from Bath Street to 
College Street. The Library Building will be set on 
a grade a few inches higher than the grade of the 
rest of the campus. 



CAMPUS C\-{f\T. 

Bradford, '05, has gone to Princeton this fall. 

Six men take the new course in Shopwork — all 
Seniors but one. 

Angus P. McDonald, '91, preached at the Church 
on the Hill, Sunday. 

Twin brothers are among the entries at Bowdoin 
this year for the first time in many years. 

As usual there were a large number of younger 
alumni present at the beginning of the term. 

Oakes, '04, has been confined to his home for a 
few days on account of trouble with his throat. 

We are glad to welcome to Bowdoin Finn, Bates' 
former fullback, and Cox, Georgetown's crack 

Tucker, '05, is kept at home by a broken bone in 
his foot, and will be unable to rejoin his class for 
several weeks. 

President Hyde leaves Friday of this week for a 
three weeks' service as University preacher at the 
University of Chicago. 

Harry Nevers, M. '03, has been first baseman of 
the champion Manchester team, of the New 
England League, all summer. 

There will be no written reports this year in the 
course in Government, but the amount of required 
reading will be greatly increased. 

Edward F. Moody, '03, has been appointed "Cura- 
tor of the Cleaveland Collection," the technical appel- 
lation of the student assistant in Chemistry. 

E. H. R. Burroughs, '05, and W. J. Norton, '05, 
who have been at the Ridge, Kearsarg'e village, this 
summer, will probably return to college in a week or 

No more chapel rushes. Sophomores and Fresh- 
men will have to find some other way of having the 
traditional test of strength at the opening of the 

Whittier Field has been fixed up in minor ways 
during the summer. The most important change is on 
the track, which has been raked over and made 
smoother, and also a new sideboard has been laid 

It is probable that the Senior Class meeting for 
the election of Commencement officers, will take 
place in the middle of this term instead of at the 
beginning of next term. The Junior Class may carry 
out the same sensible innovation. 

Why wasn't the chapel bell rung after the foot- 
ball victory last Saturday? Surely there is brawn 
and muscle enough in the Freshman Class to cele- 
brate the victory suitably, and ringing the bell is the 
quickest way of breaking the good news to those who 
were unable to attend the game. 

About twenty have enrolled themselves for the 
new course in debating. Meetings of the class will 
take place every Wednesday evening and last two 
hours. The class will be divided into groups of four, 
each of which sets will prepare and open the debate 
twice in the course of the term. Five-minute 
speeches from the floor will follow the speeches by 
the opening disputants. 

The large squad of Freshmen who are taking 
foot-ball practice is very encouraging. 

Simpson, '03, was employed in the office of the 
Secretary of State at Augusta, during the summer. 

The Brunswick High School foot-ball team is 
practicing daily on the delta under Coach Wilson of 

Most of the students returned to college a day or 
two earlier than usual this year. By Tuesday very 
nearly every one was back and busy getting settled 
for the year. 

Wilson, '03, is coaching the Brunswick High 
School foot-ball team ; Dunlap, '03, the Bridgton 
Academy team; and Coffin, '03, the Edward Little 
High School team. 

Professor Dennis will substitute for the course 
in Diplomacy given last year to Seniors in the third 
term, a new course in American Government with 
particular attention paid to the problems of Munici- 
pal Government. 

The place near the New Meadows River, kept by 
Mrs. Mary Belcher, which has given the police so 
much trouble, was closed by the sheriff this summer 
and Mrs. Belcher forced to pay a heavy fine and to 
leave the county. 

No further change on the Science Building pilas- 
ters was made this summer, but by promise of a cer- 
tain alumnus, the pilasters on the south side left 
unchanged are to be made over at his expense, some 
time next spring. 

A Bowdoin calendar, to be in six sheets with 
engravings of the college buildings and the various 
athletic teams is in preparation by two of the stu- 
dents, and will probably be offered for sale about 
Thanksgiving time. 

The foot-ball schedule is issued on neat aluminum 
cards as the base-ball schedule was last spring, 
although Manager Nutter generously gives cards to 
those who have not paid their subscriptions as well 
as those who have. 

The college Library and Reading-Room is closed 
from 12.30 until I, daily, this year, and is only open 
from 1 to 4 on Sundays. The trustees appropriate no 
money for student assistants at the Library and econ- 
omy must be the rule. 

Spalding's Official Foot-Ball Guide for the season 
of 1902 has the picture of the Bowdoin foot-ball 
team of last year. The guide is edited, as usual, by 
Walter Camp, and is a complete summary of the 
rules of the game and the records of last year. 

The lot on Park Row next north of the residence 
of John P. Winchell has been bought by the Episco- 
pal diocese of Maine, and next year will be com- 
menced there the erection of a fine stone church 
which will cost twenty or thirty thousand dollars. 

Few of the Faculty were in town during the sum- 
mer. Some were in the mountains, some at the sea- 
shore and some in the woods. Professors Hutchins, 
Moody, Files, and Callender went on a camping trip 
through Northwestern Maine, and Professor Moody 
bears a souvenir of the trip in a nose badly scarred 
by a fall which he experienced against the sharp 
thwart of the canoe. President Hyde sojourned at 
Hancock Point, where he has purchased a lot of land 
and will build a cottage. 



About twenty of the three upper classes have not 
yet registered who are known to be coming later in 
the term. Most of these are finishing out the season 
in summer hotels or on steamers. 

Why don't our friends of the Lewiston college 
protest against the playing on the Colby team of Mr. 
Coombs of Freeport? He entered Bates this fall, 
and played on the Freshman nine there. 

President Hyde announced at chapel, the first 
morning of the term, that for the first time since his 
connection with the college began, seventeen years 
ago, there were no changes or additions in the 
Faculty to mention at the beginning" of the year. 

The Kennebec Journal is authority for the odd 
statement that there is a Bates in the entering class 
at Bowdoin, a Bowdoin in the entering class at 
Colby, and a Colby in the entering class at the Uni- 
versity of Maine. To make the circle complete there 
should be a Maine in the entering class at Bates, but 
there isn't. 

Afternoon recitations, by request of the foot-ball 
management, will begin at 1.30 during the foot-ball 
season, so as to allow two hours of daylight practice 
after the last recitation. Many of the students wish 
that the noon recess could be cut down by this half- 
hour throughout the year. The half-hour between 
3.30 and 4 is valuable. 

The carelessness of Freshmen and others who 
come to college for the first time in not leaving their 
address at the post-office immediately after their 
arrival, causes the postmaster much trouble. It 
would be well if notice to this effect were inserted in 
the Handbooks given to the Freshmen, or announced 
in chapel the first day. 

The new courses this year are: 1. Debating, one 
term, under the direction of the Departments of His- 
tory, Political Economy and Rhetoric, and open to 
applicants approved by the heads of those depart- 
ments. 2. Shopwork, in connection with the 
Department of Physics. Six applicants have been 
allowed to take this course. 

A few placards were posted last Friday night by 
the Sophomores, which contained the customary 
suggestions for Freshmen. Most of them, however, 
were torn down early the next morning. They 
resembled the posters of last year. The single new 
item showed the only touch of originality, — the 
admonition not to go to Bath or Lewiston "without 
a chaperone." 

There were only a few changes made on the 
campus during the summer. The most noticeable 
improvement was made incidentally during the 
annual renovation of the dormitories. This is the 
painting of neat, semi-elliptical patches, of darker 
color, around the handles of the doors to the rooms. 
It is a wonder that the simple idea never occurred to 
the authorities before. 

The first Sophomore-Freshman base-ball game 
occurs Saturday, and ought to be a victory for the 
Sophomores, since they have several 'varsity men. 
At class meetings last week Robert J. Hodg- 
son, Jr., of Lewiston, and David R. Porter of Ban- 
gor, were elected captain and manager, respectively, 
of the Freshman team, and Donald C. White of 
Lewiston and Stanley Williams of Portland, were 
re-elected captain and manager of the 1904 team. 

At Northwestern University the Women's Edu- 
cational Association, which has general supervision 
of the several halls in which the girls live, has passed 
on the color question after many stormy meetings, 
and the faction in favor of drawing the line won by 
a decisive majority. The controversy arose a year 
ago when a young woman in Texas engaged a room 
at Chapin Hall. When she arrived it was learned 
for the first time that she was a negress. 

The members of the Alpha Delta Phi fraternity, 
returning on the last car from New Meadows Sat- 
urday night, were startled by a woman's screams, 
at Harding's station, and poured out of the car just 
in time to save an old widow who lives there alone 
from robbery of all her possessions. The miscreant, 
who had already blinded her with red pepper, 
escaped through a window. The officers have been 
on his track this week, and an arrest is probable. 

The jury held its first meeting of the year, Mon- 
day evening. It is made up as follows : G. B. Farns- 
worth, Theta Delta Chi, foreman ; S. O. Martin, Zeta 
Psi, secretary; A. P. Holt, Alpha Delta Phi; R. W. 
Hellenbrand, Delta Kappa Epsilon ; S. B. Larrabee, 
Psi Upsilon; G. W. Hill, Kappa Sigma; R. C. Bis- 
bee, Beta Theta Pi; Webber, Delta Upsilon; H. 
E. Thompson, non-fraternity; C. S. Fuller, 1903; G. 
C. Purington, 1004; W. M. Sanborn, 1905; 1906 rep- 
resentative not chosen. 

A large and enthusiastic mass-meeting was held 
in Memorial Hall the day before the term opened to 
consider foot-ball prospects. Manager Nutter pre- 
sided and brought out the encouraging fact that 
twenty-seven men had turned out for practice that 
day, making the largest squad there has ever been 
before the actual opening of the term. He was fol- 
lowed by Coach O'Connor, Minot, '96, Russ, '95, and 
Captain Munto, all of whom spoke very earnestly 
and were enthusiastically received. 

The 1904 Bugle board elected at the close of last 
term is: From Alpha Delta Phi, Marshall P. Cram; 
from Psi Upsilon, Samuel T. Dana ; from Delta 
Kappa Epsilon, John M. Bridgham ; from Zeta Psi, 
William E. Lunt ; from Theta Delta Chi, Merton A. 
Bryant; from Delta Upsilon, Emory O. Beane ; from 
Kappa Sigma, William T. Rowe; from Beta Theta 
Pi, Harold E. Mayo ; from the non-fraternity men, 
Chester T. Harper. The board organized with the 
election of Marshall P. Cram as editor-in-chief and 
W. E. Lunt, business manager. C. Franklin Pack- 
ard, '04, of Auburn, was elected art-editor. 

The Handbook of Bowdoin College for 1902-3, 
compiled for free distribution to the students, is better 
than any of its predecessors and unsurpassed by the 
Handbook of any American college. It is bound this 
year in flexible black leather, and is printed by 
Wheeler with practically not an error in its seventy- 
two pages. Those who had been admitted to the 
Freshman Class as the result of the examinations last 
term were mailed copies of the book ten days before 
college opened, and the rest of the edition was dis- 
tributed to all comers through the Information 
Bureau after term began. The edition of 300 was 
exhausted in two days. The committee of the Young 
Men's Christian Association which compiled the book 
was Brigham, '04, chairman, Robinson, '03, and Spol- 
lett, '03. 



An amusing column in the Lewiston and Augusta 
papers this last week described the athletic mass- 
meeting held at Bates, September 22. The senti- 
ment of the meeting seemed to bear hard on the 
unfortunate young lady students who had "failed to 
use their natural powers of attraction," as one 
speaker graphically put it, and keep two of the star 
players of the Bates team at that college. "It is 
hoped that hereafter the young ladies will see that 
our foot-ball players do not go to Bowdoin," is the 
praiseworthy sentiment with which the loyal Bates 
correspondent ends his account of the meetings. It 
seems to be "up to" the Bates girls. 

The new Library has been progressing slowly but 
steadily all summer. The original contract called 
for its completion by October I, 1902, but delays, 
first in getting materials from the manufacturers 
and later in getting details from the architect, have 
hindered the builders. General Hubbard inspected 
the building during the summer and expressed 
no dissatisfaction when told of the inevit- 
able tardiness of its completion. It is now 
expected that the Building will be ready for occu- 
pancy sometime in March. The stack room wing is 
already finished except for the putting in of the floors 
and book-stacks by the Art Metal Construction Co. 
and the rest of the building is almost ready to have 
plasterers replaced by carpenters. The proportions 
of the outside may now be fully seen, especially of the 
tower, to which the approach is by an imitation stone 
walk 50 yards long and 10 feet wide. 

The request from the Faculty which was fore- 
shadowed in the Commencement Orient, was made 
by President Hyde, at the opening chapel service, 
that the hold-in after chapel be henceforth dispensed 
with. This procedure had been attaining the dignity 
of a custom, and growing more incongruous to the 
chapel wherein it was held as the struggle yearly 
became sharper. The real rush between the Sopho- 
mores and Freshmen, consequently, took place in 
front of the chapel this year, although on the first 
morning there was the briefest of melees in the 
chapel entrance. 

The Freshmen proved .to be very spirited, and 
rushed the Sophomores of their own accord as soon 
as the latter had drawn together in front of the 
chapel. The broad, open space where the main paths 
of the college converge seems to be ideal for a good- 
natured rush, and the' contest of strength within 
the narrow walls of the chapel will be a forgotten 
custom when the present college generation gives 
way to another. 

Y. M. C. A, 

Although it will be another year before the 
Christian Association enters its new quarters in the 
chapel, it starts the work of this year with fresh 
enthusiasm and vigor. The meetings of the Associa- 
tion will be held in Cleaveland Lecture Room, Mas- 
sachusetts Hall, until the completion of the new 

Sunday was the first meeting of the term, and 
although it was impossible to get special music 

because of the shortness of the time for preparation, 
there was a good-sized audience, which included 
many new men. The speaker was Rev. Donald 
McCormick of Boothbay, and his topic was the 
the practical one : Why We Need Christianity in Our 
Own Lives. Mr. McCormick is almost as well- 
known a speaker to the Bowdoin Association and its 
friends as if he lived here, and no speaker that comes 
to us can be reckoned on to interest his audience 

The Y. M. C. A. Information Bureau was main- 
tained, as usual, in the Orient room, Memorial Hall, 
during the two _days preceding the opening of the 
term and the first three days of the term. Here 
second-hand books were sold, Handbooks dis- 
tributed, and information furnished. The bureau was 
as popular as ever. 

The first mid-week meeting of the Association 
occurs this Thursday evening. It is hoped that the 
members of the Association in the three upper classes 
will be present to greet the new men, and that there 
will be a great many new men to welcome. It is 
only a half-hour service, and the strength and com- 
fort such a service gives is quite out of proportion to 
the short time it takes. Come, therefore, and start 
the year well. 

Plans for the Sunday speakers of the term were 
talked over at a meeting of the officers, Tuesday 
evening, and a great endeavor will be made to renew 
the general interest which was taken in these meet- 
ings last year. Special music will again be a feature 
of most of the meetings. Other plans will be 
announced later. 

The annual reception to the Freshmen will prob- 
ably be held next Thursday evening in Bannister 
Hall. Invitations will be mailed the first of the 
week to the Freshmen, and members of the upper 
three classes are cordially invited to lend their pres- 
ence, too. Details of the reception will be given in 
the next Orient. The committee having it in charge 
will try to modify and extend the usual program so 
as to interest generally the student body. 



The changes in the foot-ball rules this season 
have not been extensive, as will be seen from going 
over the alterations. The real methods of play are 
not materially affected by them. However, four 
decided changes have been made. 

The two sides now change goals after a try 
at goal from a touchdown or after a successful field- 
kick goal. 

Rule 16, Section (6) is another decided change. 
If in snapping back the ball the player so doing be 
off-side twice in the same down the opponents 
receive five yards. The penalty was formerly loss of 
the ball. Loss of five yards is considered less severe, 
and it gives the side an opportunity still to make its 

The rule respecting side-line coaching has been 
strengthened. It reads : "There shall be no coach- 
ing by substitutes or by any other persons not par- 



ticipating in the game. No one except the twenty- 
two players shall, under any circumstances, come 
upon the field of play, save only in the case of an 
accident to a player, and then but one official repre- 
sentative, and he previously designated to the 
umpire, shall have this right. Only five men shall 
be allowed to walk up and down on each side of the 
field, the rest, including substitutes, water carriers, 
and all who are admitted within the enclosure, must 
be seated throughout the entire game. None of 
those shall come on the field without permission of 
the umpire. The breaking of any part of this rule 
shall be considered a foul and be punished by loss of 
five yards to the side whose man infringes, the num- 
ber of downs and the point to be gained remaining 

The alterations were made with the intention of 
preventing coaching by water carriers, and others 
who rush upon the field presumably to assist injured 
players, but in reality to coach the men. 

The new wording of this rule puts it in the hands 
of the umpire to prevent this and to see that the field 
of play is kept clear. 

By the old rules if a foul occurred while a run 
was being made the offended side received 15 yards 
no matter how far the ball had been carried. The 
penalty has been increased to 25 .yards. The object" 
in not allowing the entire distance gained by the run, 
if it were for instance 50 yards, is that the referee's 
whistle might, in some cases, prevent the opponents 
from tackling. 

' A formal protest has been received by Dr. Whit- 
tier from the Bates College Athletic Association 
against allowing James G. Finn of Lewiston to 
play on the Bowdoin team this season, on the ground 
that he knows the signals and style of play at Bates. 
Mr. Finn was on the 'varsity squad at Bates for a 
fortnight this term, before he decided to come to 
Bowdoin. The matter has been referred to the 
Advisory Committee for action. The protest seems 
to most Bowdoin students to be a shrewd bluff, 
which expects no serious consideration, at least not 
until the time of the Bates game. A change in sys- 
tem of signals is no difficult matter to make at the 
beginning of the season as this is, and doubtless has 
been made already without waiting for the protest 
to be sent. Bowdoin refused assent to the "one 
year rule" last spring for reasons which were frankly 
stated, and it will abide by its decision. 

Bowdoin 24, Fort Preble 0. 

The foot-ball season for Bowdoin was opened on 
Saturday, September 27, when the 'varsity defeated 
the eleven from Fort Preble by a score of 24 to o. 
The greater part of the game was played in a hard 
rain storm, and the gridiron was very soft. The 
halves were of 15 and 10 minutes' duration, and 
practically two elevens were played. This arrange- 
ment was to enable as many men as possible to be 
tried and their worth tested, although team strength 
cannot be so definitely ascertained in so short a 
period. The game was not sensational in any 
respect, but was interesting foot-ball throughout. 
Bowdoin's gains were largely due to the soldiers 
being unable to handle or judge punts, and 

her four touchdowns were scored on flukes. Bow- 
doin. played a good offensive and also a good defen- 
sive game, but some defects were noted which will 
be remedied before the next game which is with 
Harvard on October 1. To outline the plays or dis- 
cuss the line or formation would not be policy at this 
season and contrary to precedent, but everyone who 
saw the game was satisfied with the work which was 

The summary : 

Bowdoin. Fort Preble. 

Bean, 1. e r. e., Harper. 

Larrabee, 1. e. 

Davis, 1. t r. t, Davis. 

Conners, 1. t. 
Shaw, 1. g. 

Ridlon 1. g r. g., Clift. 

Staples, c c, Laidley. 

Hatch, r. g. 

Sanborn, r. g 1. g , Donnelly, 

Philoon, r. t. 

Marshall, r. t 1. t, Muns. 

Porter, r. e. 

Emery, r. e 1. e., Jones. 

Blanchard. q. b q. b., Plitt. 

Lewis, 1. b. 
White, 1. b. 

Munro, 1. h. b r. h. b., Hines. 

Winslow, r. h. b 1. h. b., O'Donnell. 

Chapman, r. h. b. 
Lowell, r. h. b. 

Finn, f. b f. b., Raynor. 

Towne, f. b. 

Score — Bowdoin, 24; Fort Preble, 0. Touch- 
downs — Winslow, Munro 3. Goals from touch- 
downs — Munro 4. Umpire — D. Snow, Bangor. 
Referee — O'Sullivan, Holy Cross. Linesmen — 
Havey and Cox, Bowdoin. Time — 15- and 10-minute 

"Strict training" is now the order at Bowdoin, 
and until after November 15 the foot-ball squad will 
do its utmost to keep in condition. For more than 
three weeks the men have been at work and the pros- 
pect is much more encouraging than it was earlier 
in the season and just here the Orient should define 
its position in regard to this matter. It has not been 
and we trust never will be, the policy of Bowdoin to 
win her athletic victories on paper or make over- 
confident boasts early in the season, because such 
tactics often result in the final discomfiture of their 
originator. To be sure, Bowdoin won her first game, 
but by no larger score than it should have been, and 
although the men did good work the real strength of 
the team is still an uncertain quantity. Last year 
our athletics took a great slump and it may be some 
time before the college recovers from this set-back, 
but in the meantime vigilance in all lines will" be 
increased and the best will be hoped for. For a 
week past there have been about 40 men in uniform 
out for daily_ practice, and the whole college is 
watching the team. More enthusiasm and deter- 
mination has not been seen for a long time and the 
good old Bowdoin spirit is what it has been for 
scores of years. There is plenty of competition for 
place on the team and Coach O'Connor says that 



Captain Munro is the only man who may be sure of 
his position on the team. That Coach O'Connor is 
the right man in the right place is beyond question. 
No coach we have had in years has taken more 
interest in the team or worked harder for it than 
Mr. O'Connor. Besides thoroughly understanding 
the entire game and being a master of all the plays, 
he is popular with the men and has the faculty of 
getting them to work to their utmost. The men are 
doing their best and will be welded into the ablest 
team that is possible. Farther than this the captain, 
coach and team cannot go. The college must do the 
rest. The men must be encouraged to train and 
must know that it has the profoundest interest of 
every man in college behind it. The crowds at prac- 
tice must be as good and better than they have been. 
Every man ought to and must be on hand at the 
Whittier Field at 3.30 o'clock, whether in suits or 
not. In short the whole college must play foot-ball 
until the season closes. Farther than this the 
Orient does not wish to go. Others have made all 
the predictions necessary. In the meantime the men 
will train strenuously and the student body must 
look to its part. With conditions thus there is no 
doubt but that the team will acquit itself creditably 
and win a fair share of victories. Such being the 
case there is no fear that the foot-ball season of 1902 
will be an unpleasant remembrance to the supporters 
of the Bowdoin eleven. 


'93- — George W. Shay has been prostrated by 
mental disease and is under treatment at Augusta. 

'93. — Frank R. Arnold has been appointed tem- 
porary professor of Modern Languages in the Uni- 
versity of Utah at Salt Lake City. 

'94. — Charles A. Flagg received the degree of 
A.M. from Columbian University, Washington, D. 

C, June 5. 

'94. — The young wife of Elias Thomas. Jr., 
died very suddenly at their home in Portland, week 
before last. Mr. and Mrs. Thomas were married 
only last June and had hardly taken up their resi- 
dence in the old Thomas mansion on Dan forth 
Street, which had been thoroughly remodeled and 
renovated for them. 

'95. — The engagement of Hiland L. Fairbanks of 
Bangor and Miss Mary E. Seavey of Bangor, has 
been announced. 

'96. — Ralph W. Crosman is engaged in literary 
work in New York City as the editor of "Every- 
where," a magazine conducted by Will Carleton. 

'97. — Miss Charlotte M. Wilson of Washington, 

D. C, and William Frye White, of the law firm of 
Cotton & White, Washington, were married at the 
home of the bride, in Washington, at high noon, 
August 20. The ushers at the wedding were A. L. 
Hunt, '98, and T. F. Murphy, ex-'ao. Mr. and Mrs. 
White will reside in Washington. 

'98. — Frank H. Swan has been appointed Assist- 
ant United States District Attorney for the District 
which includes Maine. This is a new office which 
has been rendered necessary by the amount of work 
which has been piling up, making more than District 
Attorney Dyer, '78, could attend to. Mr. Swan has 

only recently been admitted to the bar, and his 
appointment is a great compliment for him. 

1900. — George Gould of Bath, who has for the 
past two years been a professor at Lawrence Acad- 
emy, Groton, Mass., has accepted a more lucrative 
position as instructor in biology and athletics at the 
Worcester Academy, Worcester, Mass. 

1900. — I. F. McCormick has been elected to fill a 
vacancy in the teaching force at Bridgton Academy. 
He has spent the last year in study at Harvard. 

'02. — John C. Hull, who served from 1892 to 1895 
as principal of Fryeburg Academy, and since 1895 
as principal of the Adams, Mass., High School, has 
been elected principal of Berwick Academy. 

1900. — The marriage of Anne Wilson Hitchings 
to Simon Moulton Hamlin took place, July 22, at 
Portland. They will reside at 868 Sawyer Street, 
South Portland. 

1901. — The marriage of Miss Mabel Burnell of 
North Windham to Harry H. Cloudman, athletic 
director at the University of Vermont, took place 
September 9 at North Windham. 

'or. — H. E. Walker of Ellsworth has been 
re-elected principal of the Mechanic Falls High 
school at an increased salary. 


'56. — George Ralph Williamson died at his home 
in Belfast, Monday afternoon, September 22. 
His last illness was comparatively brief. For 
some weeks he had complained of rheumatism, and 
finally it became difficult for him to walk about. 
August 29 he rode up to the city for the last time, 
and two days later was confined to his room and bed. 
It was feared from the first by relatives and friends 
that the case was almost hopeless, and so it proved. 

Mr. Williamson was born in Belfast, April 13, 
1S36, a son of the late Hon. Joseph Williamson and 
Caroline Cross Williamson. He attended the Belfast 
Academy, and after graduation from college he 
studied law with his brother Joseph in Belfast. He 
then attended the Harvard Law School, where he 
took the degree of LL.D. in i860. He practiced law 
a few years in New York City, and then spent sev- 
eral years in California. Returning to New York 
he became executive officer of one of the large tele- 
graph companies, which later merged in the Postal 
Telegraph Co., with which he continued in the same 
position. In the summer of 1900 he came to Belfast. 
The following spring he began the erection of a 
handsome modern residence nearly opposite what is 
known as the Mile Tree, and named his place Mile 
Tree Farm. The house was completed and occupied 
about a year ago. 

October 16, 18S4, Mr. Williamson married Miss 
Emma Ingraham Sprague of New York, who sur- 
vives him. They had no children. He leaves two 
brothers, Joseph Williamson, Esq., of Belfast, and 
William C. Williamson of Boston, and one sister, 
Mrs. Robert Willard of Cambridge, Mass. Mr. 
Williamson was an enterprising, progressive man, one 
who put all his energies into whatever he had to do. 
Prompt and reliable in all business transactions, 
genial and companionable with all with whom he 
came in contact, he won the highest respect of his 
business associates and the love and esteem of his 
neighbors and townsmen. 



Vol. XXXII. 

No. 11. 





Clement F. Robinson, 1903, Editor-in-Chief. 

Farnsworth G. Marshall, 1903, Business Manager. 

William T. Rowe, 1904, Assistant Editor-in-Chief. 
Harold J. Everett, 1904, Assistant Business Manager. 

Associate Editors. 
S. C. W. Simpson, 1903. E. H. R. Burroughs, 1905- 

S. T. Dana, 1904. W. S. Cushing, 1905. 

J. W. Frost, 1904. W. F. Finn, Jr., 1905. 

A. L. McCobb, 1905. 

Per annum, in advance. 
Per Copy, 

10 Cents. 

Please address business communications to the Business 
Manager, and all other contributions to the Editor-in-Chief. 

Entered at the Po3t-Offiee at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 

Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston. 

This issue of the Orient is purposely 
delayed a day in order to contain an account 
of the important meeting of the Athletic 
Association, Tuesday evening. 

We delay printing the athletic Constitu- 
tions for a week, in order to include the two 
sections which are left open to final decision at 
the mass-meeting- next week. 

It is interesting to note the differing atti- 
tudes of the correspondents who write to the 
daily papers from the four colleges of the 
State in regard to foot-ball prospects. Maine 
shows the extreme of self-confidence (not to 
give it a more personal word), frankly sure 

that its hardest game will be with Harvard, 
that the games in Maine will be questions of 
the size of the score, and that the game with 
Bowdoin in Bangor is simply a locally-inter- 
esting practice match. Bates is also reasona- 
bly sure of itself, but not so certainly, — sure, 
indeed, that it has the best of the chances to 
win out, but always ready cautiously to lament 
a poor condition of players just before a game. 
Colby is vacillating in mood, but mostly keeps 
its mouth shut and hopes for the best, with a 
team made up of practiced men. And Bow- 
doin? Bowdoin has profited a little by recent 
years, and it is going to tell the plain truth 
without gilding about the condition of its 
teams, and put in its best efforts to make out 
of some unpromising material a team that will 
show up as a strong average team, a founda- 
tion for champion teams later, and that will 
surprise us itself with a few well-earned vic- 

Some of the newspapers of the State copy 
items and ideas from the Orient, and the 
Orient in return derives many alumni notes 
from these newspapers. This proceeding is a 
fair exchange and no robbery. But we con- 
fess to having a mental impulse to protest 
when once a week we glance down a column 
headed "Bowdoin Notes" and find that it con- 
tains simply paragraphs from the Orient, 
copied even to the typographical errors, and 
without a word of acknowledgement of the 
sources whence this special correspondence 

The college is sincerely sorry that Manager 
Dana of the base-ball team, feels obliged to 
resign. He proved to be the best assistant 
manager for years, last spring, by his work 



with the subscription-book increasing by half 
the amount usually received, and thus saving 
the season from financial failure. His election 
as manager was a deserved tribute to his hard 
work as assistant, and everyone was confi- 
dent of a successful season next spring under 
his management. We are glad that by 
accepting his election to the Athletic Council 
he has not refused entirely to be connected 
with the direction of our athletic interests. 

The President of the Debating Club refers 
to the Orient the letter in regard to the time 
of the Amherst debate which we print else- 
where. The letter calls to mind the fact that 
there has been as yet no committee constituted 
to arrange the details of the second annual 
debate this year. In the absence of any other 
official with the necessary authority it is prob- 
able that the President of the Debating Club 
will call a meeting of the club or of the stu- 
dents within a week or two to consider Mr. 
Atwood's suggestion and the matter of the 
debate in general. 

It is thought unofficially that March first 
will be more convenient for Bowdoin than 
February first, if an earlier date is to be 
selected at all, since February first comes just 
before the Class of '68 prize speaking and only 
a few weeks after the beginning of the term. 
Too early a date cannot be acceptable to Bow- 
doin, for nothing can be done on the debate 
during the present term, because of the tem- 
porary abandonment of general debating dur- 
ing the foot-ball season and because of the fall 
term course in debating now on the cur- 

Amherst, Mass., Sept. 29, 1902. 

Chairman of Debating Interests, Bowdoin 


Dear Sir — As I am not acquainted with 

your name as yet I am obliged to address this 

letter in a somewhat formal manner, with the 

hope, however, that we may become better 
acquainted as time goes on. 

We, at Amherst, are anxious to hold the 
Bowdoin-Amherst debate earlier this year than 
last, and I have no doubt that you would be 
glad to do the same. You probably experi- 
enced the same inconvenience that we did — 
namely, that the Seniors on the team were 
hampered in their training for parts at Com- 
mencement time. Therefore we are anxious 
to have the debate this year early in the winter 
term, not later than February 15, at the latest. 
If it would be convenient for you we would 
be glad to have the contest about February 1. 

There is a considerable amount of work 
connected with this debate for both of us, and 
to facilitate matters it would be well if we 
could arrange for a date at the earliest possible 
time. At least I hope that we can come to an 
agreement concerning the general time for the 
debate. All other arrangements must depend 
upon this question of time. May I hope to 
hear from you concerning this matter at your 
earliest convenience and thereby greatly oblige 
the commitee here. 

Yours truly, 

Albert W. Atwood, 
Chairman Intercollegiate Debate Com. 

At an adjourned meeting of the Athletic 
Association, held in the Chemistry Lecture 
Room, Tuesday evening, October 7, the report 
of the committee in regard to nominations and 
the wording of the sections of the constitution 
laid on the table at the previous meeting, was 
read by Nutter, '03. The following were 
elected from the double slate prepared by the 
committee : President of the Association, 
Coffin, '03 ; Vice-President, Dana, '03 ; Secre- 
tary and Treasurer, Millard Chase, '04; other 
two undergraduate members of Athletic 
Council, S. T. Dana, '04, Stanley Williams, 



The sections in regard to the election of 
captains were adopted as reported, and all of 
the sections in regard to the wearing of the 
"B" and its various shapes, except those deal- 
ing with the base-ball and tennis "B." Those 
sections, together with a section, expressing 
the eligibility-principles as they are observed 
here, are left for future report by the Athletic 

The resignation on account of health of S. 
T. Dana, '04, as manager of the base-ball team, 
was accepted. The Athletic Council will meet 
at once and report candidates from which to 
select his successor at a meeting of the Asso- 
ciation next week. 

To the Editor of the Orient: 

The Sophomores seem to be the under dogs 
here at Bowdoin, whenever they show their 
class spirit. At the class game Saturday the 
Sophomores had to contend not with one class 
but with three. Now this does not seem fair. 
Why not have things here the same as at other 
colleges? That is, let the Juniors help the 
Freshmen and the Seniors the Sophomores, 
or if this does not work satisfactorily, let the 
Juniors and Seniors keep out of the fray alto- 
gether. A Member of 1905. 

The Orient acknowledges with pleasure 
the receipt of the foregoing communication 
from a member of the much-abused Sopho- 
more Class, and gladly refers the appeal to the 
sentiment of the college. Any Sophomore or 
ex-Sophomore will probably admit that the 
position of instructor of the Freshmen is by no 
means a sinecure, and inwardly curses the 
upperclassmen most heartily; yet when he 
becomes an upperclassman himself he usually 
follows the course laid down for him by gen- 
erations of other upperclassmen and makes the 
Sophomores, at least on certain occasions, feel 
like the "under dogs." Perhaps the Sopho- 

mores often need this training, although there 
may, of course, be times when the upper 
classes should pitch in with the Sophomores 
and help in subduing a particularly aggressive 
Freshman Class. How it is in the present 
instance the Orient does not attempt to say, 
but, at all events, we shall all be very much 
interested in observing the behaviour of 1905 
next year. 

The oration by Hon. T. B. Reed and the 
poem by Rev. Dr. S. V. Cole, delivered at the 
anniversary exercises last June, have been 
printed in pamphlet form and will be mailed to 
any alumnus or friend of the college who 
desires a copy. Since a full newspaper 
account of the centennial celebration was 
widely distributed at the time, this pamphlet is 
mailed without request only to officers of this 
and other colleges and to life members of the 
Alumni Association. Should any graduate 
wish to preserve in book form the contents of 
this pamphlet and those of the similar one 
issued in 1894, he can secure the two neatly 
bound together in cloth, by remitting fifty 
cents to the College Library. Attention is 
also called to the General Catalogue of the col- 
lege, published in June, 1902, which also costs 
fifty cents. 


Senator Mason of Illinois was recently asked if 
he thought that Senator Morgan's reputation of being 
the longest-winded speaker in the United States 
Senate was founded on fact. The Illinoisan replied : 

"I am not certain that senatorial courtesy will 
permit me to answer that question; and, being a 
candidate for re-election, I will dodge it. But this 
I will say : I once asked Senator Morgan how long 
he could talk on a subject he didn't know anything 
about, and he replied: 'If I didn't know anything at 
all about it I don't think I could talk more than 
three days about it !' " — Stray Stories. 

The electric lights are temporarily connected with 
the town system, which goes by water power, and 
the electric plant in the college central station will 
not be used this year. 




Havey, '03, has been out sick for a week. 

The Freshmen delegations are practically chosen. 

Finn, Burroughs, and Webb, 1905, have returned 
to college. 

P. H. Harris has been re-elected captain of the 
University of Maine track team. 

The foot-ball squad was photographed by Web- 
ber, Saturday, for the new Bowdoin calendar. 

Pinkham and Day, '05, are out teaching school, 
and will not be back until Thanksgiving. 

Mr. Wood, who timed the Harvard-Bowdoin 
game, will time the Harvard-Penn game. 

Rev. Mr. Ropes of the Bangor Theological School 
preached in the Congregational Church last Sunday. 

Professor Mitchell has moved into the house on 
College Street formerly occupied by Mr. H. C. 

Initiations will take place Friday evening, Octo- 
ber 17. There is no foot-ball game until Saturday 
of the next week. 

There was no choir in chapel, Monday morning, 
and consequently no singing. The prevalence of 
colds explains it. 

_ The Science Building clock is taking a vacation 
with hands at 9.10 a.m., and everything is at loose 
ends on the campus. 

The University of Chicago Daily Maroon adds 
another, this year, to the list of daily papers pub- 
lished by undergraduates. 

Rev. John Sewall, '50, of Bangor, will probably 
preach at the Congregationalist Church and speak 
at chapel, next Sunday. 

Yale is organizing an Automobile Club which will 
establish a station for the storage and care of the 
carriages of its members. 

There was a make-up examination to remove 
deficiencies in History, October 6. There will prob- 
ably be no other this term. 

Dr. Dennis has been appointed to represent the 
college at the inauguration of President Woodrow 
Wilson of Princeton, next month. 

The score of the Harvard game was properly cel- 
ebrated, the evening of the game, by a bonfire and 
parade, with speeches by the Faculty. 

The class officers this year are: Seniors, Professor 
Callender; Juniors, Professor Lee; Sophomores, Mr. 
Ham; Freshmen, Professor Woodruff. 

The time allowed for making up entrance condi- 
tions will be extended before long. The matter is 
in the hands of a committee of the Faculty. 

At a recent Freshman Class meeting H. P. Chap- 
man of Portland was elected president and R. T. 
Woodruff of Brunswick secretary and treasurer. 

_ The tower of the new Hubbard Library affords a 
view of the surrounding country which cannot be 
surpassed, and every fair day sees many taking 
advantage of the outlook. Any one who has not 
done so should avail himself of this privilege before 
the autumn foliage is a thing of the past. 

The foot-ball training-table will begin immedi- 
ately after initiations, probably October 20. Mrs. 
Norton, at the corner of Maine and Elm streets, will 
supply the table. 

Those who competed for the Junior and Sopho- 
more prizes in History last spring were invited to 
dinner by Professor and Mrs. Dennis Thursday 
evening, October 2. 

E. L. Allen, '01, has returned to college for a 
special course in mathematics and will play on the 
'varsity eleven. — Colby Echo. Why not say "Math- 
ematics and foot-ball ?" 

All term-bills dating back more than one term 
which were unpaid October 7, will be referred to the 
Faculty at its regular meeting next Monday and 
action will be taken upon them. 

Professor Ropes of the Bangor Theological Sem- 
inary, spoke in chapel, Sunday afternoon. His 
remarks were much appreciated. Miss Winchell of 
Brunswick rendered a 'cello solo. 

Dartmouth with two hundred and thirty men 
has the largest entering class in its history. Amherst 
and Williams also have classes above the average, — 
about one hundred and twenty each. 

The captain of the Sophomore base-ball team is 
not a Junior, as the printer made it appear in the 
last Orient, but is a loyal member of the class which 
won the base-ball victory last Saturday. 

The newspapers have it that our Coach O'Connor 
has been selected as head coach for Dartmouth next 
year, after McCormack ends his present service 
there to take up his law practice in Chicago. 

Dr. Little has been appointed delegate from 
.Bowdoin to the Annual Conference of the New 
England College Presidents. It is held this year at 
Middlebury College, Middlebury, Vermont. 

Many students attended the Colby-U. of M. 
game at Waterville Saturday. The game resulted 
in a victory for the latter team by a score of 6 to o, 
to the great surprise and bitter disappointment of 

The whole matter of required courses in college is 
under revision by the Faculty. The abandonment 
of the requirement of Greek for the A.B. degree 
necessitates this. For this year courses will be more 
or less confused. 

The Faculty of Lehigh University has passed a 
rule prohibiting Freshmen at that institution from 
joining fraternities until they become Sophomores in 
full standing. The ruling will go into effect Janu- 
ary I, 1903. 

Among the Sunday speakers in the Y. M. C. A. 
series this year will be Rev. Smith Baker of Port- 
land. He will probably be here October 19, and will 
doubtless draw one of the largest Sunday audiences 
of the year. 

Clement, the famous fullback and base-ball player 
on the Edward Little High School team and last 
year on Tufts College team, registered at Bates as 
a special last week, and will of course strengthen 
the Bates team greatly. The Bates Faculty have evi- 
dently broken in his favor the rule by which they 
have hitherto debarred those who have never studied 
a language besides English from registering even as 
special students. 



Nearly half the students go home over Sunday 
this year. Those who go home miss in some ways 
one of the pleasantest parts of the college life, — the 
quiet Sunday walks and conversations and the 
enjoyable vesper chapel service. 

At a meeting of the Mandolin-Guitar Club, Sat- 
urday, October 4, the resignation of Woodbury, '03, 
as leader, was accepted, and J. A. Greene, '03, was 
elected in his place. Woodbury is obliged to resign 
because of a press of other duties. 

President Butler of Columbia calls for an increase 
of $10,000,000 in endowment. This amount is needed 
to pay the enormous debt which the University 
incurred in its recent speedy development, and to 
carry on the plans already laid down. 

This is the week of the annual Musical Festival, 
in Portland, and many students have attended for 
one or more nights. Professors Woodruff and 
Chapman, and Riley, '05, and Winchell, '06, belong 
to the chorus, and Welch, '03, is first violin in the 
Festival Orchestra. 

Various alarming reports have been circulating in 
regard to the coal supply of the college. These are 
without foundation, for the college will find no diffi- 
culty in getting all the coal it needs to run the heat- 
ing plant. The only cause for alarm is the price that 
has to be paid to get this coal. 

"The Writing of the Short Story," by Louis W. 
Smith, is a recent special study in English composi- 
tion that combines practical directions for writing, 
and suggestions that will lead to insight and inter- 
pretation upon the part of the reader. This mono- 
graph is published by D. C. Heath & Co., Boston. 

A second lot of Sophomore Proclamations to the 
Freshmen, this time printed in red ink and authenti- 
cated with the name of the Class Secretary and 
Treasurer, made their appearance during Wednes- 
day night, October first, but vanished so quickly that 
few saw them besides the ones who put them up. 

The shape and size of the "B's" under the new 
constitution differ from the shape and size adopted 
last spring only in respect to the track "B" which 
will be limited to the seven-inch size. Full size 
models of the correct "B" of all four styles are to 
be kept in Doctor Whittier's office. 

The convention of the Delta Upsilon Fraternity 
occurs this week Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday, 
at Marietta College, Marietta, Ohio. The Bowdoin 
Chapter is represented by Robinson, '04, and Mar- 
shal, '03 ; the Colby Chapter is represented by C. A. 
Lewis and W. W. Washburn. The delegates from 
Maine will be gone about a week. 

Next week is Topsham Fair, and there will doubt- 
less be the usual adjourns, Thursday afternoon, to 
allow all students to visit this World's Fair. Specu- 
lation is rife among the upperclassmen as to whether 
Triangle will be exhibited on the track in his old- 
time style. Some such feature in addition to the 
regular printed program is confidently expected. 

Harvard easily beat Bates, 23-0, October 4, to the 
great disappointment of the team which hoped to 
equal Bowdoin's performance of Wednesday and its 
own performance of the year before. But we must 
beware of the fatal error of comparing scores. We 

would better wait until the end of the season before 
we crow, — and then there will be no danger of 
slumps from over-confidence. 

White, Holt, Riley, and Gould, '03, J. R. Finn. '05, 
and J. Gumbel, special, testified before the Munici- 
pal Court, Tuesday afternoon, in connection with 
the case against two men suspected of the recent 
assault on Mrs. Knowles at Harding's Station. The 
hearing attracted a large crowd. These six students 
were members of the party which was in the electric 
car when it came by the house at the critical 

The University of Pennsylvania is making 
earnest efforts to develop a college spirit that will 
put the University in a stronger position in the col- 
lege world. One of the latest ideas is the decree of 
the upper classes that all Freshmen must wear black 
caps on the campus in order to develop a class spirit 
early in the course. It is proposed later to have the 
other classes also wear distinctive caps, — preferably 
the Sophomores white, the Juniors red, and the 
Seniors blue. 

There is always some new feature at the Walker 
Art Building which attracts the attention of the stu- 
dent body. This week and next there will be on 
exhibition Festoons and Decorative Groups, also an 
ornamental Alphabet of Plants, Animals and Still 
Life. The collection was photographed from nature 
and was collected and published by Martin Gerlack 
of Vienna. Every student, and especially the Fresh- 
men who cannot begin too early to visit the Art 
Building, ought to see this valuable collection. 

The following are the readings in History 10 for 
the first month : Lectures I. -III., Courtney, Part I., 
Chapters 1, 4, 5 ; and either Dean: British Constitu- 
tion, Chapters 1-3; or Anson: Law and Construc- 
tion of the Constitution, I. Chapter 2 ; or Walpole : 
Electorate and Legislature, Chapter 1. Lectures IV. 
to VI., Courtney, Part I., Chapters 2, 3, 6-n, 17-19. 
Lectures VII. to IX., Courtney, Part I., Chapters 
12-14, Part HI., Chapters 2-5; and Bagehot: British 
Constitution, Chapters 2, 9. Lectures X., XIII., 
Courtney, Part I., Chapters 15, 16; Part II., Chap- 
ters 1, 3; Part III., Chapter 6. 

The Orient Board held an important meeting, 
Monday noon, October sixth. The resignation of 
Purington, '04, tendered because of a press of other 
business, was accepted, and the two vacancies hap- 
pening in the board since its constitution at the 
beginning of the volume, were filled by the election 
of J. W. Frost, '04, and A. L. McCobb, '05. Division 
of the departments was made as follows : News, 
Simpson, dishing, Finn ; athletics, Burroughs ; 
alumni. Frost, McCobb ; general staff, the editors-in- 
chief, assistant editor-in-chief, and Dana. Condi- 
tions for the competition of Freshmen for the vacan- 
cies at the end of the present volume will be 
announced in a few weeks. 

Mr. W. M. Canby, Jr., of Philadelphia, a gradu- 
ate of Williams in the Class of '91, has given that 
college a fund, the income of which is to be used in 
awarding an annual prize of fifty dollars to the 
Senior athlete who has the highest scholarship record 
during his college course. The purpose of the gift 
is to stimulate mental and physical development at 
the same time. The Athletic Council is to certify to 



the college officials each year the list of Seniors who 
have represented the college at any time during their 
college course in any recognized athletic contest. To 
the one of these whose average rank for his course 
is highest, provided that this average is at least 75 
per cent., the prize will be awarded at Commence- 

In accordance with the custom for the past three 
or four years, the Freshman "shirt-tail" parade was 
held Monday evening under the auspices of the 
Class of 1905. At 7.30 p.m. the Freshmen were all 
rounded up and were stationed around the big log 
fire in front of the chapel. Here the more conspicu- 
ous men of the Freshman Class furnished abundant 
amusement for the spectators by speech, song, and 
dancing. After this the class were huddled close 
together and were marched close to the dormitories, 
where some moisture fell. Thence they were paraded 
through the streets, keeping step to their own sing- 
ing. Frequent attempts were made by the two upper 
classes to break up the parade, and they only suc- 
ceeded after the return to the campus. Contrary to 
expectations the "Yaggers" gave little or no trouble 
and everything was carried out according to 


Harvard 17, Bowdoin 6. 

Although the Harvard-Bowdoin game is not one 
of the games for which our team works the hardest, 
it is nevertheless one of much interest, and the fact 
that Bowdoin scored on the Crimson last week is 
a matter of congratulation to all the friends of the 
college. The event is naturally looked upon in a 
different light here than elsewhere, but certain it is 
that Harvard was moved to change her line after the 
first half of the game and put tried men in place 
of men whom she wished to try out for her team 
and whom it was thought before the game could 
easily hold the Bowdoin team. The second half was 
somewhat faster and manifestly rougher than the 
first, still although our team carried but two sub- 
stitutes only two touchdowns in the half were scored 
by the Crimson. Some of the men were somewhat 
sore from kicks and bruises, but all have been out to 
practice every day since with the exception of the 
day on which they returned. 

The Bowdoin team played a fine game. Porter's 
105-yard run was the feature, and is said to have 
been the longest ever made on Soldiers' Field. Bow- 
doin's interference was good, and during the first 
half she broke through the Crimson line with 

The game in detail : 

Harvard won the toss and chose the east goal. 
Munro kicked off, and the ball rolled over the goal 
line. Graydon kicked the ball from the 25-yard line 
to Blanchard on the 45-yard line and Bowdoin tried 
its rush, and in two rushes made first down. Munro 
punted to Lindsay on the 30-yard line. An exchange 
of punts followed and Bowdoin tried Harvard's 

right end. Leatherbee tackled Munro and Bow- 
ditch got the ball on a fumble. Harvard made short 
gains down the field, but Bowdoin held her on the 
4-yard line. Munro punted to Marshall on the 
40-yard line, and Harvard rushed the ball down the 
field to the 5-yard line, where Graydon fumbled and 
Porter grabbed the ball and made his star run of 105 
yards before the Crimson eleven had an idea of 
what had happened. Bowditch and Jones only were 
in pursuit, but were not within 20 yards when Por- 
ter made his touchdown. Munro kicked the goal. 

Marshall kicked off to Finn and Munro from 
the 25-yard line punted to Marshall on Bowdoin's 
50-yard line, whence Marshall ran with the ball for 
a touchdown. 

Munro kicked off to Marshall on the 20-yard 
line and the ball was advanced to Bowdoin's 50-yard 
line. Graydon hurdled the line for 4 yards and 
time was called. 

Second half: 

Marshall kicked off and the ball went over the 
line. Munro punted to Piper, who was downed on 
the 50-yard line. Harvard gained a few yards and 
Piper fumbled, and Bowdoin got the ball. Munro 
punted and Harvard secured the ball in the center 
of the field, and in five rushes the Crimson again 
scored. Marshall kicked the goal. Munro kicked 
to Marshall who made 15 yards and was downed on 
the 40-yard line. Miles punted to Blanchard on the 
45-yard line. Bowdoin fumbled on an end play 
and Tenney secured the ball but again lost it on the 
next plav. Marshall recovered it. A criss-cross 
play gained 15 yards and T enne Y went over the line 
for a touchdown. Marshall kicked the goal. 
An exchange of kicks was made and Bowdoin had 
the ball on her 40-yard line when time was called. 
Summary : 

Bowdoin. Harvard. 

Porter, r. e 1. e., Jones. 

Philoon, r. t 1. t., Wright. 

Conners, r. t 1. t., Bleakie. 

Hatch, r. g : 1. g., Hovey. 

Staples, c c, King. 

c, Force. 

Shaw, 1. g r. g., Shea. 

Davis, 1. t r. t, Knowlton. 

r. t, Mills. 

Larrabee, 1. e r. e., Bowditch. 

r. e., Clark, 
r. e., Motley. 

Blanchard, q. b q. b., Marshall. 

q. b., Elkins. 

Winslow, r. h. b 1. h. b., Piper. 

1. h. b., Lindsay. 

r. h. b., Leatherbee. 

r. h. b., Tenney. 

Finn, f. b f. b., Graydon. 

f. b., Miles. 

Score — Harvard 17, Bowdoin 6. Touchdowns — 
Tenney 2, Marshall and Porter. Goals from touch- 
downs — Marshall 2, Munro. Umpire — Cochrane, 
Harvard. Referee — Mason, Harvard. Linesmen — 
Stilhnan, Harvard; Conners, Bowdoin. Time— 
15- and 10-minute periods. Timers — Graham and 



Sophomores 20, Freshmen 19. 
According to the established custom, the Faculty 
granted adjourns in all branches, Saturday forenoon, 
because of the Sophomore-Freshman base-ball game, 
which was played on the old Delta. A large crowd 
was present and it was an unusually interesting 
game. Two 'Varsity men. White and Lewis, played 
on the Sophomore team. Piper pitched a good game 
for the Freshmen and Bavis caught well after the 
second inning. Putnam, the ex-captain of the Houl- 
ton High School team, played shortstop. Winslow 
played a good game at first and Hodgdon, the cap- 
tain, showed up well on third. The fielding, for the 
most part, was good on both teams. Ten innings 
were required to decide the game, and the Sopho- 
mores left the field with one man on his base and 
with two men out. It looks, at present, as though 
good 'Varsity material is present in the entire class. 
During a large part of the game there were spirited 
"scraps" for settees between the Sophomores and 
upper classmen who were assisting the Freshmen. 
The advantage was with the Freshmen, and at one 
time the crowd was hauled nearly into the pines. 
Several settees were demolished, but no one received 
more than slight bruises in the friendly fracas. The 
Sophomores attempted to ring the chapel bell in cel- 
ebration of the victory, but a lively row occurred 
and the upper classmen ejected the Sophomores one 
by one until the bell ceased to ring. J. A. Clark, 
1905, climbed up the interior of the tower but was 
unable to ring the bell, and was left under, or rather 
over guard during the noon hour. The game lasted 
more than two hours and was exceedingly interest- 

Summary : 


Green, ss 7 1 1 1 1 3 2 

Stewart, If 6 2 1 1 

J. Clarke, cf 6 3 4 5 1 o 

White, c, capt 541 1 9 1 

Lewis, p... 6 3 4 s 1 2 1 

Philoon, lb........ 6 2 1 1 13 2 

Eaton, 2b 6 2 2 2 3 7 1 

Foster, 3b 6222121 

W. Clark, rf o 1 o o o 

Hill, rf 5 o 1 1 1 o o 

Totals S3 20 17 19 30 14 8 


ab r bh tb po a e 

Piper, p 7 4 4 4 o 4 1 

Bavis, c 6 o 1 1 11 1 o 

Winslow, ib 7 3 2 2 10 o 2 

Putnam, ss 7 2 4 5 o 2.3 

Hodgson, 3b, capt. 6233231 

Chapman, 2b, rf. .. 7 3 1 1 1 o 1 

Johnson, rf, 2b 5 3 3 4 1 1 o 

Bodkin, cf 5 1 2 2 1 1 2 

Leavitt, If 5 1 1 1 2 1 

Totals ss 19 21 23 28* 12 11 

Innings I 23456789 10 

Sophomores 431704001 2 — 20 

Freshmen 5 o o 1 5 1 o 2 4 1 — 19 

♦Winning run made with one man out. 

Two-base hits — Lewis, J. Clarke, Putnam, John- 
son. Stolen bases — Green, Stewart 2, White, Lewis, 
W. Clark, Piper, Winslow, Putnam 2, Johnson 3, 
Bavis. First base on balls — by Lewis, 3 ; by Piper, 
3. Struck out — by Lewis, Bavis 3, Winslow, Put- 
nam, Hodgson, Bodkin, Leavitt ; by Piper, Green, 
Stewart 2, J. Clarke, Eaton 2, Foster, Hill 2. 
Double plays — Green to Eaton to Philoon. Passed 
balls — Bavis 5. Hit by pitched ball — Bavis, Hodgson. 
Time — 2 hours, 50 minutes. Umpire — A. Greene, 

For a number of years past Bowdoin's track teams 
have been lamentably weak in the distance events. 
Very little has been done to eliminate this weakness 
and to develop long distance men. Several attempts 
have been made to interest the students in crdss- 
country running, but they have proven flat failures. 
This fall the management intends to make a more 
determined effort than ever to start the men in early 
training, and much of the success of the track team 
will depend on the work of these men. Captain 
Nutter has the cross country squad out four times a 
week, every Monday, Tuesday, Thursday and Fri- 
day, at 4.15. Mr. Samuel B. Furbish is assisting 
the squad and has charge of the indoor exercises 
which are given preparatory to the run. The squad 
at present numbers about thirty, the greater part 
of whom are Freshmen. The upper classmen are 
showing a decided lack of interest in cross country 
running, but they would do well to follow the exam- 
ple set them by the new members of the college. 
Remember the meet at Lewiston ! That defeat must 
be wiped out. 

It is possible that one of the games on the foot- 
ball schedule will be omitted by mutual agreement 
of the two teams. 

The Faculty has granted permission for a fall 
track meet to be held Wednesday afternoon, October 
22, but have added a proviso that this vote is "not 
to be a precedent." Plans for the meet will be 
announced in the next Orient. 

It is sometimes the case that a victory is more 
harmful than beneficial, and that success produces 
an elation which is detrimental. Whether the fact 
that Bowdoin scored on Harvard and held her for 
downs is to blame, or some other cause has brought 
it about, the fact remains that there has been a great 
slump in foot-ball during the week. Manager Nut- 
ter has put out 46 suits and yet the number of men 
showing up for daily practice has not averaged over 
30. The attendance has also, all things being con- 
sidered, been pitiably small. Not for one minute 
must we consider that the Bowdoin spirit is declin- 
ing or that our interest in athletics is declining. The 
team must work, and the student body from Fresh- 
men to Seniors must show a greater interest and get 
out to the daily practice. No man in college can 
formulate a reasonable excuse for not taking at least 
one hour a day for this purpose. This must be done, 
Coach O'Connor must be encouraged and no stone 
left unturned which will aid in having Bowdoin rep- 
resented this fall by the strongest possible team 
that can be gotten together. 




'49. — Joseph Williamson, Esq., of Belfast, has 
volume second of his "History of Belfast" ready for 
publication. It covers the years 1874-1901, and will 
contain about 460 pages of the same size and type 
as those of the first volume. The preparation of this 
history has been a labor of love with Mr. Williamson. 

'64. — Hon. Charles F. Libby will be a candidate 
for the position of representative to Congress from 
the First District of Maine, on the expiration in 
1904, of the next term of Hon. Amos L. Allen, '60. 

Med. '71. — Dr. Charles A. Boody died this sum- 
mer at his residence at Cochituate, Mass., after a 
lingering illness. The deceased was universally 
esteemed and held many honorary positions. 

'79. — Lieutenant Peary or Commander Peary, his 
correct title now is, appears in the best of health and 
spirits after his intrepid quest of the North Pole. He 
disclaims any further intention of seeking the Pole ; 
but insists that it is not unattainable, and money 
and perseverance are all that are required. He 
believes that the pole is in open water and, that being 
the case, its actual discovery could add very little to 
our scientific knowledge, since all that would be 
actually known can easily be assumed with the exist- 
ing data. With two hundred thousand dollars, a 
company of men could be kept in the region for ten 
years and await a favorable opportunity to make a 
dash for the point where the pole is. It may be that 
Peary will try it again, but he has no plan to that 
effect at present. 

'89. — Rev. E. R. Stearns has resigned the pastor- 
ate of the Congregational Church at Warren, Me., 
and accepted a call to Lancaster, N. H. 

'92. — John C. Hull of Portland, who was recently 
elected principal of Berwick Academy, has declined, 
as he intends to take the principalship of the Milford 
(Mass.) High School. 

'94. — Francis W. Dana of Newton, Mass,, was 
married to Miss Annie C. Hussey of Portland, Sep- 
tember 3, at the State Street Church, by Rev. Dr. 

'94. — The marriage of Miss Clara Rebecca Slocum 
to Dr. William E. Currier occurred, September sev- 
enteenth, at Lafayette, R. I. They will reside at 
Leominster, Mass. 

'98. — Guy C. Howard of Farmington has been 
elected principal of Hallowell High School. He 
has been principal of York High School for two 

'99. — Mr. Clifton A. Towle has moved to Lexing- 
ton, Mass. 

'99. — R. L. Marston, '99, has been appointed an 
instructor in forestry at Yale. He graduated from 
the forestry school with honors this year. 

'01. — A. P. Larrabee has received a graduate 
scholarship at Harvard. He will specialize on 

1900. — The marriage of B. M. Clough and Miss 
Blanche Evelyn Cole took place at Limington, Me., 
August 12. 

1900. — A. J. Hamlin is principal of the New 
Gloucester (Me.) High School. 

1900. — E. B. Holmes has entered the General The- 
ological School (Episcopal), Chelsea, New York 

1900. — E. L. Jordan is principal of the South 
Portland High School. 

1900. — F. B. Merrill has entered the Harvard Law 

1900. — P. M. Palmer is instructor in German and 
French at Lehigh University. 

1900. — H. P. West is taking courses in French 
at the Columbian University, Washington, D. C. 

1900. — E. P. Williams is principal of the Gorham 
(N. H.) High School. 

The following Bowdoin men are in attendance at 
Harvard this year : 

Laiv School— Hoyt Moore, '95; W. P. McKown, 
T. L. Marble, '98; W. B. Clarke, A. M. Rollins, '99; 
J. P. Bell, F. B. Merrill, '00; G. C. Wheeler, R. C. 
Foster, R. L. Dana, '01 ; D. I. Gross, G R. Walker, 

Graduate School — J. C. Pearson, 1900; K. C. M. 
Sills, A. P. Larrabee, '01; R. B. Stone, L A. 
Cousens, '02. 

Divinity School — E. C. Davis, '97. 

Medical School — F. H. Albee, J. C. Rogers, '99; 
L. M. Spear, 1900; J. H. Wyman, '01. 

Dental School — J. A. Furbish, '02. 


Lambda Chapter of Zeta Psi, 
Brunswick, Me., Oct. 6, 1902. 

Whereas, We have learned with profound sor- 
row of the death of our beloved brother, John Scott, 
of the Class of 1880, 

Resolved, That, in his removal from our midst 
the Fraternity loses a true and loyal member, hon- 
ored and beloved by all; 

Resolved, That the Chapter and Fraternity extend 
their most sincere and heartfelt sympathy to the 
members of the bereaved family, and that a copy of 
these resolutions be sent to the family of our late 
brother and to the Bowdoin Orient. 

Edward Folsom Merrill, 
Philip MacLean Clark, 
Frank Eli as Seavey, 

Committee for the Chapter. 

The Boston Transcript publishes statistics which 
show that the colleges of Massachusetts had 254 
undergraduates from Maine in the college year 1900- 
1901. There may have been some good reason why 
about four of them went out of the State to college, 
but the other 250 belonged in the Maine colleges and 
had no business elsewhere. We are not speaking of 
those who go outside the State to the large universi- 
ties to do post-graduate work or work in profes- 
sional schools, but for the undergraduate years the 
colleges of Maine are good enough for any Maine 
boy. — Kennebec Journal. 



Vol. XXXII. 

No. 12. 





Clement F. Robinson, 1903, Editor-in-Chief. 

Farnsworth G. Marshall, 1903, Business Manager. 

William T. Rowe, 1904, Assistant Editor-in-Chief. 
Harold J. Everett, 1904, Assistant Business Manager. 

Associate Editors. 
S. C. W. Simpson, 1903. E. H. R. Burroughs, 1905. 

S. T. Dana, 1904. W. S. Cushing, 1905. 

J. W. Frost, 1904. W. F. Finn, Jr., 1905. 

A. L. McCobb, 1905. 

Per annum, in advance, 
Per Copy, 

10 Cents. 

Please address business communications to the Business 
Manager, and all other contributions to the Editor-in-Chief. 

Entered fit the I'u-t.lUVic ;it Brunswick as SiT'ind-Class Mail Matter. 

Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston. 

We have received an interesting item of 
news in an envelope postmarked Roxbury, 
Mass., but as the letter accompanying it bears 
for signature only double nom-de-plumes we 
cannot transgress the rules of all newspaper 
procedure by printing it. 

If the undergraduate body of the college 
wants a winning team this year it must sup- 
port the team by attending the games. The 
attendance at the New Hampshire game was a 
disgrace to the college. Only one-sixth of the 
students were present. Such a lack of interest 
disheartens the team, and disturbs those who 
manage the financial side of the season. In 
order to develop a winning team the whole col- 
lege must play foot-ball. It must make every 

man on the team feel that every undergraduate 
is right behind him. Turn out to the games ; 
turn out to the practice ; talk foot-ball at your 
clubs ; and make the other Maine teams real- 
ize that they are playing foot-ball with Bow- 
doin College and not with the Bowdoin eleven. 

A few weeks ago the Bates College 
Athletic Council sent a formal protest to Bow- 
doin against the playing of James G. Finn in 
the Bates-Bowdoin game, on the ground that 
his connection for two weeks with the Bates 
team at the first of the season would give him 
an unfair advantage in playing against them. 
Below we print the letter sent in return which 
expresses the unanimous sentiment of the 
Bowdoin Athletic Council. It should be 
clearly understood why this action was neces- 
sary and why it must be loyally upheld by 
Bowdoin students. By this decision we are 
not cringing to another college or stultifying 
our frank position in regard to the so-called 
"one year rule," as some overzealous Bowdoin 
men would have us believe. The action was 
taken on a specific case, and in relation to that 
case alone, for the sake of our reputation with 
disinterested friends and acquaintances outside 
the State and within. We who are on the 
spot may be certain that as a matter of fact 
the particular allegation against this player is 
senseless, but it would be impossible to defend 
convincingly such a belief in the face of the 
covert hints in which even the well-meaning 
papers would indulge. As a member of the 
team puts it, the necessity is unfortunate but 
it is the only thing we can do. And if we look 
at it in the broadest way we shall realize that 
the reputation for true sportsmanship which 
an honorable decision so contrary to our 
immediate selfish interests must give us, may 
stand us in good stead at some later day when 



it is we who are demanding a concession to 
fair play. 

We print in this issue the Athletic Consti- 
tutions as they stand completed. This is the 
first time that these constitutions have been 
officially compiled with the amendments incor- 
porated, and this issue of the Orient will 
prove valuable for future reference. 


It is taken for granted that every member 
of the Freshman Class will desire his name to 
be upon the list of subscribers to the Orient, 
and consequently it will be sent to each one of 
the class. This method is customarily- 
employed, as it is a means of saving a great 
amount of labor to the business manager. 

We hope that every Freshman will take a 
personal interest in the Orient and that his 
sense of duty to his college paper will cause 
him to become a permanent subscriber. 

By vote of the Faculty, there will be no 
recitations Saturday morning, October 18. 

George T. Files, Registrar. 


The tower of the new library building must 
not be visited without a permit from Mr. 
Ewell, the superintendent of construction. 
Serious injury has already been done to the 
copper lining of the deck of the tower and to 
the screens which are necessary to proper dry- 
ing of the plaster. 

Geo. T. Little, 

For the Committee. 


The sixty-eighth annual convention of the 
Delta Upsilon Fraternity was held at Marietta 
College, Marietta, Ohio, October eighth, ninth 
and tenth. Thirty-five chapters were repre- 
sented. The presiding officer was Hon. E. B. 
Sherman, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court 
of Illinois, Middlebury, '60. 

The convention opened on Wednesday 
evening at the Elks' Club, by the customary 
smoking concert, at which Senator M. A. 

Hanna presided. Thursday morning a busi- 
ness session was held. In the afternoon the 
delegates were entertained by the members of 
the Country Club at their lodge on the Muskin- 
gum River. Thursday evening the delegates 
were tendered a reception by the ladies of 
Maritta. Friday was devoted entirely to busi- 
ness sessions. In the evening the convention 
banquet was held at the Elks' Club, where sev- 
enty delegates and one hundred and twenty- 
five alumni were present. 

The New England chapters represented 
were Tufts, Williams, Technology, Middle- 
bury, Amherst, Harvard, Colby and Bowdoin. 
Bowdoin was represented by Marshall, '03, 
and Robinson, '04. The convention was espe- 
cially favored with delightful weather. The 
scenery was new and interesting to most of the 
delegates. All things taken together the sixty- 
eighth convention was one of the most success- 
ful in the history of the Fraternity. 


The first meeting of the Athletic Council 
was held Friday evening, Oct. 10, in Dr. Whit*- 
tier's new office in Adams Hall. All the mem- 
bers of the Council were present except Bar- 
rett Potter, Esq., of Brunswick. The Council 
first organized and elected the following offi- 
cers : Chairman, C. T. Hawes, '76, of Bangor ; 
Treasurer, W. A. Moody, '80, of Brunswick ; 
and Secretary, M. F. Chase, '04. The Council 
then preceded to the nomination of candidates 
for the managership of the base-ball associa- 
tion, which was left vacant by the resignation 
of S. T. Dana. 

A letter from Professor O. F. Lewis of 
the University of Maine, requesting a foot-ball 
game between the University of Maine and 
Bowdoin Freshmen, was read and discussed. 
It was finally voted not to play the game, 
as the scheme hardly seemed practicable. A 
letter from Exeter concerning the matter of a 
dual track meet between Exeter and Bowdoin 
was referred to the Council by the manager 
of the track association for advice. After a 
thorough discussion of the matter, it was 
decided to advise the track manager against 
the meet. 

The sections of the Athletic Constitution 
referred to the Council for advice were next 
taken up and discussed. In regard to the base- 
ball "B," it was voted to recommend that those 
should be eligible who had played the whole 



of half the scheduled games, or parts of three- 
fourths of the scheduled games, with the 
exception of pitchers, who should be eligible 
upon the recommendation of the captain and 
manager of the team. It was decided to 
recommend that the tennis "B" be granted to 
the winners of any intercollegiate tournament 
and to those who represented the college at 
Longwood. It was also voted to recommend 
that managers be entitled to wear a "B" 
with a small line beneath it, instead of 
the "M" which has been customary for some 
time. It was thought that the small "m" is 
ambiguous, and that on this account it would 
be better to adopt the line, which is used almost 
exclusively in other colleges. In regard to the 
eligibility rules the Council did not feel capable 
at present to make any suggestions and 
decided to recommend that the section relating 
to them shall not be adopted at present. 

The matter of the punting cup which was 
presented to the college some time ago by the 
Auburn and Lewiston alumni, but which has 
never been competed for, was taken up. It was 
the feeling of the Council that the college 
ought to show its appreciation of the kindness 
of the alumni in presenting the cup, and a com- 
mittee with full power in the matter was 
appointed, consisting of Messrs. Wing, Coffin, 
and Williams. The meeting adjourned at 
a late hour. 


The annual reception of the young Men's 
Christian Association to the members of the 
entering class took place in Bannister Hall, 
King Chapel, on Thursday evening, October 
ninth. It was a success unsurpassed by any 
of the receptions that have gone before, — suc- 
cessful in the number of students, upperclass- 
men and Freshmen alike, that it brought out, 
and successful in the enjoyment it gave them. 

The first of the evening was given over to 
introductions and conversation. The Bow- 
doin Orchestra, seated in an alcove, mean- 
while furnished music. About nine o'clock, 
Emerson, '04, rapped for order, and intro- 
duced the following speakers for the subjects 
specified: Professor Chapman, The Faculty; 
President McCormick, '03, The Y. M. C. A'. ; 
Havey ,'03, The Typical Bowdoin Man ; Rob- 
inson, '03, Literary Life of Bowdoin ; Nutter, 
'03, Athletic Life at Bowdoin; Martin, 
'03, The Seniors' Advice to Freshmen ; and 

Professor Robinson, The College as a Whole. 
After these short speeches, ice-cream and cake 
were served, and the -crowd broke up about 
half-past ten. 

The success of the evening is due to the 
Chairman of the Committee of Arrangements, 
Emerson, '04. The other members of the 
Committee were : Clarke, '04 ; Gould, '03 ; Far- 
ley, '03 ; Lowell, '04. 


Bowdoin College, Brunswick, Me., Oct. 10, 1902. 
Messrs. John L. Reade, 
L. B. Costello, 
Arthur L. Clarke, 
R. H. Tukey, 
Advisory Board Bates College Athletic Association. 
Dear Sirs — The Athletic Council of Bowdoin 
College has received and considered your recent com- 
munication protesting against the playing of Mr. 
James G. Finn upon the Bowdoin College foot-ball 
team during the present season. 

The council has carefully investigated the cir- 
cumstances under which Mr. Finn has become a 
student of Bowdoin College and finds nothing in the 
rules at present in force among the Maine colleges 
that would prohibit Mr. Finn from playing on the 
Bowdoin foot-ball team in any of this season's games. 
Yet, in view of the fact that Mr. Finn played on 
the Bates eleven at the beginning of the present sea- 
son, the council has unanimously decided not to 
play Mr. Finn in the Bates-Bowdoin game of 
November 8. 

A reply to your communication would have been 
made earlier but for the fact that no meeting of the 
Athletic Council has been held prior to this date. 
Very respectfully, 

Franklin C. Payson, Portland, 
Charles T. Hawes, Bangor, 
Henry A. Wing, Lewiston, 
Roland W. Mann, Boston, 
Barrett Potter, Brunswick, 

Representing the Alumni. 

W. A. Moody, 
F. N. Whittier, 

Representing the Faculty. 

Philip O. Coffin, 
Luther Dana, 
Millard F. Chase, 
Samuel T. Dana, 
Stanley Williams, 

Representing the Students. 

There has been considerable controversy of late, 
between Colby and Bates, over John W. Coombs, 
who entered the Freshman Class at Colby the twenty- 
fourth of last September. Coombs, who is now play- 
ing on the Colby team, had already pitched for the 
Freshman Class at Bates, in the annual class game, 
and made a favorable impression. 



Article I. — Name. 
The name of this body shall be "The Athletic 
Council of Bowdoin College." 

Article II. — Purpose. 
The purpose of this Body shall be to represent the 
Alumni, Faculty, and Student interests in the active 
regulation of the athletics of Bowdoin College. 

Article III. — Membership. 

This Body shall be comprised of twelve (12) 
members, as follows, viz. : 

Five (sj Alumni, one of whom shall serve as 
chairman of this Body ; 

Two (.2) members of the Faculty ; 

Five (5) Students, as provided in Article 4 of 
,the Constitution of the Bowdoin College Athletic 

Article IV. — Elections. 
The Alumni and Faculty members shall' be 
elected by a majority vote of their respective bodies 
at Commencement, and the Student members shall 
be elected in accordance with the provisions of 
Article 4 of the Constitution of the "Bowdoin Col- 
lege Athletic Association," and each member shall 
serve one year from the date of such election. 

Article V. — Jurisdiction and Duties. 

Section 1. This Body shall have full jurisdiction 
over all matters relating to or in any way connected 
with the athletic interests of Bowdoin College, 
including the power to declare a vacancy in the 
office of Manager or Captain of any team whenever 
in the judgment of this Body the administration 
thereof is contrary to the athletic interests of the col- 

Sec. 2. It shall be the duty of this Body imme- 
diately subsequent to its election, to elect by a 
majority vote one of its Alumni or Faculty mem- 
bers as Treasurer, and the said Treasurer shall act 
as custodian of all records and other property 
belonging to or in any manner connected with each 
athletic department, and the said Treasurer shall 
hold, subject to the direction of this Body, all orig- 
inal estimates and reports laid before it by each 
manager during the period of his managership, 
together with all Books of Record and all funds 
remaining as balance to the credit of each athletic 
department, at the end of its respective season, in 
accordance with the provisions of Article VI., Sec- 
tions 4, 5, 6 of the Constitution of the Bowdoin Col- 
lege Athletic Association. 

Sec. 3. It shall be the duty of this Body to nom- 
inate from the members of the incoming Junior Class 
two (2) candidates for Manager, and from the 
incoming Sophomore Class two (2) candidates for 
Assistant Manager, of each athletic team, from 
whom a choice must be made as provided in Article 
VI., Section 2 of the Constitution of the "Bowdoin 
College Athletic Association." 

Sec. 4. It shall be the duty of this Body to keep 
fully advised at all times of the exact financial con- 
dition of the several athletic departments, and for 

that purpose it shall have power to require any 
manager to submit a statement of the finances of his 
department at any time. And it shall further be the 
duty of this Body to withhold from any manager its 
permission to engage in any game or contest, when- 
ever in the judgment of this Body the financial con- 
dition of that department warrants such action. 

Sec. 3. It shall be the duty of this Body to pub- 
lish over the signature of its chairman, in that issue 
of the Bowdoin Orient next subsequent to the close 
of each athletic season, a statement of the financial 
condition of such department, audited by the Treas- 
urer of this Body. 

Article VI. 

It shall be the duty of the Chairman of this Body 
to preside at all meetings and to call meetings 
thereof at any time upon the request of any member 
of this body or of the Manager or Captain of any 
of the athletic teams; and 

It shall further be the duty of the Chairman to 
make a full report of the results of each athletic 
department for the previous year, both financial and 
otherwise, to the Alumni of the College at the 
annual meeting of that body at Commencement. 

Article VII. 

This Constitution may be adopted with respect 
to the Alumni by a majority of those voting at their 
regular meeting at Commencement, 1902; with 
respect to the Faculty, by a majority of those voting 
at a meeting of that body held during Commence- 
ment week ; and with respect to the Students, as pro- 
vided in Article XII. of the Constitution of the "Bow- 
doin College Athletic Association." 

Article I. — Name. 
The name of this Association shall be "The 
Bowdoin College Athletic Association." 

Article II. — Purpose. 
The purpose of this Association shall be the fur- 
therance of the interests of the various branches of 
athletics by the students of Bowdoin College. 

Article III. — Membership. 
This Association shall consist of all members of 
the Student Body in any department of the College 
in good and regular standing. 

Article IV. — Officers. 

The officers of this Association shall consist of 
three (3) members," as follows: 

(T) A President and (2) a Vice-President 
chosen from the Junior Class; and (3) a Secretary 
chosen from the Sophomore Class, who, by virtue of 
their election to such office, shall, jointly with two 
members of this Association, chosen one each from 
the Sophomore and Freshman classes, become mem- 
bers of the "Athletic Council;" and these five mem- 
bers of that Body shall be elected by a majority of 



the members of this Association present at the reg- 
ular meeting thereof held at the end of each spring 

Article V. — Duties of Officers. 
Section I. — President. 
It shall be the duty of the President of this Asso- 
ciation : 

(i) To preside at all meetings thereof; 

(2) To serve as a representative of the student 
interests as a member of the "Athletic Council," 
jointly with the Vice-President and Secretary of this 

(3) To authorize the Secretary to call a regular 
meeting of this Association at the beginning and 
end of each term, or any time upon request of the 
"Athletic Council" or of the Manager or Captain 
of any of the athletic teams. 

Section 2. — Vice-President. 
It shall be the duty of the Vice-President of this 

(1) To perform all the duties and fulfil all the 
functions incumbent upon the President, in the 
absence of the latter. 

(2) To serve as the representative of the student 
interests as a member of the "Athletic Council" 
jointly with the President and Secretary of this 

Section 3. — Secretary. 
It shall be the duty of the Secretary of this Asso- 
ciation : 

(1) To keep accurate and complete record of the 
proceedings of each meeting of this Association, 
together with exact copies of all reports laid before 
that body. (All such records and reports he shall 
duly transfer to his successor in office at the expira- 
tion of his term of service) ; 

(2) To serve as the representative of the stu- 
dent interests as a member of the "Athletic Council" 
jointly with the President and Vice-President of 
this Association. 

Article VI. — Managers. 
Section 1. 
It shall be the duty of each Manager to attend to 
all business connected with any game or contest 
played by his respective team. 

Section 2. 

The Manager of each Athletic Department shall 
be elected from the incoming Junior Class, and the 
Assistant Manager from the Sophomore Calss, by a 
majority vote of the members of this Association 
present at a regular meeting thereof as follows, viz. : 
The Manager and Assistant Manager of the Foot- 
Ball Team at the end of each Fall term ; the Man- 
ager and Assistant Manager of the Base-Ball, Track 
and Tennis Teams at the end of each Spring term. 
Provided, however, that such election shall be made 
from the two (2) candidates previously nominated 
for such offices by the "Athletic Council" as pro- 
vided in Article V., Section 3 of the constitution of 
that body. 

Section 3. 

Immediately upon his election to office the Man- 
ager shall receive from the "Athletic Treasurer," 

and retain during the period of his managership, a 
"Property Book" in which he shall keep a complete 
detailed record of all uniforms and other property 
received or purchased by him, or used in connection 
with his department, together with an exact record 
of the disposition thereof, containing the names of 
the individuals to whom such has been delivered ; 
and the said Manager shall thereby account for all 
such property which has been either in his own or 
in the possession of any individual member of his 
department during the period of his managership. 

Section 4. 

It shall be the duty of each Manager to submit to 
the "Athletic Council" all plans involved in the 
arrangement of schedules for games during his ath- 
letic season, together with a careful estimate of all 
moneys to be received and all expenses to be incurred 
in each, and he shall invariably receive the permis- 
sion of that body prior to entering into any agree- 
ment to engage in any game or contest. , 

Section 5. 

It shall be the duty of each Manager to solicit 
funds for the support of his team, with the aid of his 
Assistant Manager, and he shall invariably use a 
regularly adopted Subscription Book for the pur- 
pose. And it shall further be the duty of each Man- 
ager to keep a detailed account, in a book provided 
for that purpose, of all money, from whatsoever 
source received, and of all payments made, accom- 
panied by proper vouchers therefor, during the 
period of his managership ; and he shall submit 
such at any time to the "Athletic Council" upon 
request of that body; but the said Manager shall 
not incur any expense nor pay any bill amounting in 
the aggregate to more than $50 in any one athletic 
season, except in the furtherance of such plans as 
have already been approved by the "Athletic Coun- 

Section 6. 

It shall be the duty of each Manager to deliver to 
the "Athletic Treasurer" the "Property," "Subscrip- 
tion" and other books of record, together with all 
funds remaining as balance to the credit of his 
department, not later than one week subsequent to 
the close of his athletic season. 

Section 7. 

The Assistant Managers shall be under the direct 
supervision of their respective Managers and sub- 
ject at all times to their direction. The Assistant 
Manager of the Base-Ball team shall act as official 
scorer of that team. 

Article VII. — Eligibility. 

Section 1. 

Only students in good and regular standing shall 
represent the College in any branch of athletic sports. 

Section 2. 
No student shall represent the College in any 
department of athletics who has previously repre- 
sented any college or colleges for four years in any 
athletic department. 



Article VIII. — Captains. 
Section I. 
The Captains shall have full charge of their 
respective teams while on the field and shall select 
them with the advice of the coach. 

Section 2. 
The captains of the base-ball, foot-ball and track 
athletic teams shall be elected by a majority of those 
men of the respective teams who have earned the 
right to wear a "B." 

Section 3. 
Any member thus entitled to vote, and unable to 
be present, may vote in writing, and said vote shall 
be valid if signed by the voter. 

Section 4. 
The election of the Captain shall take place 
within three weeks after the last scheduled game. 

Section 5. 
Should the office of Captain become vacant at 
any time before the opening of a season, the vacancy 
shall be filled by a vote of the team of the previous 
season as hereinbefore provided, non-resident mem- 
bers voting by writing. 

Section 6. 
Should the vacancy occur during the season of 
scheduled games, it shall be filled in the same man- 
ner before provided by a vote of all candidates for 
the team who have played in any scheduled game of 
the season. 

Article IX. — The "B." 
Section 1. 
The following men shall be entitled to wear a 
foot-ball "B" upon recommendation of the Captain 
and Manager and subject to the approval of the 
Athletic Council : Those who have played in the 
whole of two or parts of three scheduled games, 
which games shall be specified before the opening 
of the season by the Athletic Council upon recom- 
mendation of the Captain and Manager. The fol- 
lowing men shall be entitled to wear a base-ball "B" 
upon recommendation of the Captain and Manager 
and subject to the approval of the Athletic Council : 
Those who have played in the whole of half or parts 
of three-fourths of the scheduled games in one 
season, with the exception of pitchers, who shall be 
granted the "B" on the approval of the Captain, 
Manager, and Athletic Council, regardless of the 
number of games in which they have played. 
The following men shall be entitled to wear 
a track "B" upon recommendation of the Captain 
and Manager and subject to the approval of 
the Athletic Council : Those who make the Worcester 
or New York team and win a first or second in the 
Maine Meet. The following men shall be entitled to 
wear a tennis "B" upon recommendation of the Man- 
ager and subject to the approval of the Athletic 
Council : Those who win a first or second place in 
any intercollegiate tournament. 

Section 2. 
The "B's" granted in the various athletic depart- 
ments shall be as follows : Foot-ball, 9-inch Block 
"B" ; base-ball, 7-inch Gothic "B" ; track, 7-inch Old 

English "B" ; tennis, 7-inch German "B." The 
"B's" to be the same as those shown in the Orient 
of November 14, 1901. Managers shall be entitled 
to a "B" of the style of their department, with one 
straight line under it. 

Section 3. 

Class numerals shall be worn on class sweaters 
and caps only. 

Section 4. 

The following shall make a student eligible to 
wear class numerals : By playing one whole game or 
parts of two games in the Freshman-Sophomore 
base-ball series ; by playing in the Freshman-Soph- 
omore foot-ball game ; by participating in the class 
squad at the indoor meet ; or by winning a point at 
the indoor meet. 

Article X. — Class Teams. 
Section 1. 
In any game between class teams, or in any game 
between any class team and an out-of-town team, the 
class team shall be made up of members of their 
respective classes in good and regular standing. 
Under no condition shall a member of another class, 
a special student, or a medical student, be allowed to 
play on such class team. 

Section 2. 
Any class or scrub team (track athletic, foot-ball 
or base-ball) shall first obtain consent of the Cap- 
tain and Manager of its department, with the 
approval of the "Athletic Council" prior to arranging 
any game or contest with any other team. 

Article XL 

The Constitution of the "Athletic Council" is 
hereby adopted and the provisions contained therein 
are hereby made a part of this Constitution. 

Article XII. 

This Constitution may be adopted by a majority 
vote of the students of Bowdoin College present at 
a meeting called for that purpose. 

Article XIII. 

This Constitution may be amended by a two- 
thirds vote of the members of this Association pres- 
ent at a meeting called for that purpose. 

The Sunday religious services for the year were 
inaugurated yesterday morning with a powerful ser- 
mon by Rev. William DeWitt Hyde, D.D., president 
of Bowdoin College. Dr. Hyde chose as his subject 
"The Nature of Sin." Looking into the nature of 
sin, Dr. Hyde declared that sin is always parasitic. 
The sinner always buys his pleasure at the expense 
of another's loss. Sin would not subserve the selfish 
ends of the sinner but for the fact that it is the 
exception ; that the world is expecting upright 
actions, which are the rule. Cheating in examina- 
tions at college would be idle if everybody cheated, , 
for then the degree obtained would be considered 
absolutely worthless by the world at large. — Chicago 
University Daily Maroon, Oct. 5. 




Topsham Fair is the great attraction this week. 

Rev. John Sewall, '50, of Bangor, delivered an 
interesting address at chapel, Sunday. 

Rev. A. U. Ogilvie, '94, of Elkhart, Indiana, will 
preach at the Congregationalist Church next Sunday. 

The Science Building clock goes again, albeit a 
few moments slow, and the campus can resume its 
habitual routine. 

White, '05, was struck in the knee by a foul ball 
in the base-ball game Saturday, but was not obliged 
to leave the game. 

Rev. Smith Baker, of Portland, speaks at the Y. 
M. C. A. service, Sunday. There will be a big 
crowd to listen to this well-known and powerful 

There has been much guessing in regard to the 
authorship of the communication which appeared in 
the last issue of the Orient, signed "A Member of 

The usual adjourn for Topsham Fair is given 
this week, and the Saturday morning after initiations, 
as usual with the proviso that "This is not to be 
taken as a precedent," etc. 

The engagement is announced of Andy Havey, 
'03, to Miss Eva Beatrice Blaisdell, formerly of 
Kent's Hill Seminary, but now at Winthrop School, 
Rock Hill, South Carolina 

The following is the reading in History 4 to 
October 27 : Parkman : Pioneers of France, — Part 
II. (Champlain) ch. I. -XV. ; or Parkman: La Salle 
and the Discovery of the West, ch. VIII. to XXI. 

Owing to the trouble we have been having lately 
with the "Yaggers," those who respect the senti- 
ments of the college will keep away from that part 
of the town during the preliminary initiation fes- 
tivities, Friday night. 

The new time-table on the Maine Central went 
into effect Monday, October 13. By it several trains 
will arrive and depart a few moments earlier, and 
the 12.30 train to Portland and the 4 o'clock train 
from Portland are discontinued. 

Paul Preble, '03, received a serious injury to 
his ear in the foot-ball game with Hebron, last Sat 1 
urday. One of the opposing team struck him a 
severe blow on the ear, with his knee, and a bad 
hemorrhage resulted. 

Merrill and Simpson, '03, Cunningham and 
Powers, '04, and Bradbury, special, enjoyed the 
initiation of the Chi Chapter of Zeta Psi held last 
Thursday at Waterville. Following the initiation 
a banquet attended by some forty men, was held at 
the Gerald, Fairfield. 

The following are the readings in History 7 to 
October 24: Robinson: Western Europe, ch. 4-6; and 
one of the following: Hodgkin, Theodoric, ch. 8-10, 
13 ; or Hodgkin : Theodosius, ch. 4, 5, 18 ; or Oman : 
Dark Ages, ch. 5, 6 ; or Oman : Byzantine Empire, 
ch. 6-8; or Bradley: The Goths, ch. 14-10; or Sar- 
geant: The Franks, ch. 8-1 1. 

According to the Portland Advertiser, the famous 
trotting horse Triangle, the king of the Cumberland 

County steeds, owned by Professor Moody of Bow- 
doin College, ran away one evening last week while 
in training for the Topsham Fair. We are glad to 
note that the horse is uninjured and will trot at the 
Topsham Fair. 

A fully-attended mass-meeting was held in the 
Chemical Lecture-Room, Tuesday evening, October 
fourteenth. P. M. Clark, '04, of Portland, was 
elected manager of the base-ball team in place of S. 
T. Dana, '04, resigned. The new Constitution was 
completed by the adoption of three sections dealing 
with base-ball, tennis, and managers' "B's." Con- 
trary to certain ill-judged fulminations in one of the 
newspapers, there was no display of rhetoric in 
regard to the action of the Advisory Council in the 
case of Finn. 

The game which was to have been played with 
Yale, at New Haven, Wednesday, Oct. 15, was can- 
celled at the request of Bowdoin. The men are in 
good physical condition now, and with the first 
Maine college game only a little over a week distant, 
it would have been risky to send the team to New 
Haven. This does not necessarily mean that our 
athletic relations with Yale will cease, as Bowdoin 
did not ask for cancellation unless Yale could find 
another team to fill the date, and that team has been 
found in the University of Vermont. 

The first debate in the new course will occur 
Wednesday evening, October 22. The question : 
"Resolved, That compulsory arbitration should be 
adopted in the United States." Affirmative, Martin, 
'03, Whitney. '04 ; negative, Merrill, '03, Cunning- 
ham, '04. The second debate, a week later, will be 
on the following question : "Resolved, That the policy 
which the United States has adopted toward Cuba 
should be adopted toward the Philippines." Affirm- 
ative, Robinson and Gould, '03; negative, Campbell 
and Kimball, '04. Other subjects for debate are now 
being chosen. The debates are not open to visitors 
who do not take the course, except by special per- 
mission of the instructors. 

At this time of year there is sure to be more or 
less good-natured hazing of the Freshmen. Last 
Friday evening two Sophomores intent upon having 
a little fun, brought a Freshman down street. He 
was blindfolded and carried a miniature gun, with 
which he went through ludicrous manoeuvers in front 
of the Town Hall. At this juncture the "Yaggers" 
thought they would have a hand in the sport, so they 
set upon the students and took the gun away. This 
naturally incensed the students and they started 
toward the campus for reinforcements. In the 
course of ten minutes the reinforcements arrived, 
and a little mix-up took place. Before any damage 
could be done the police interfered, and two of the 
students were haled away, — as usual no arrests were 
made of town fellows. Before Judge Roberts they 
pleaded guilty to disturbing the peace and were 
each fined $1 and costs. The fines were remitted, 
and after paying the costs the boys were set free. 
Although a trivial affair, it is significant of the fact 
that a certain class of town fellows is as ready as 
ever to resent intrusion on its stamping-ground. The 
wisest plan for the best interests of the college is for 
us to confine our antics, however harmless, to the 
vicinity of our own part of Brunswick. 



Y. M. C. A. 

Next Sunday will be the first of a series similar 
to the series by Rev. Mr. Yale which gave the Sun- 
day services so good a send-off last fall. Rev. Smith 
Baker, of Portland, will speak for two Sundays and 
will be followed by President White, of Colby, the 
third Sunday. Neither of these powerful speakers 
needs to be introduced to the consideration of Bow- 
doin students, although both of them are yet per- 
sonal strangers to the campus. There will be special 
music at each service. It is probable that the time 
of the meeting on the second Sunday will have to be 
changed, but next Sunday it will be at the usual 
time, right after chapel. Everyone who cares to hear 
one of the most noted preachers in the State .will 
make it a point to attend. 

The soloist next Sunday will be Millard Bowdoin 
of Portland. 



The plans for the fall meet which occurs on 
Wednesday, October 22, and which was mentioned 
in the last week's Orient, have been completed. 

The events will be as follows : 

ioo-yard dash — Trials. Semi-finals. 

440-yard dash — Finals. 

120-yard — Hurdle. Trials and semi-finals. 

220-yard dash — Trials. 

220-yard hurdle — Trials and semi-finals. 

ioo-yard dash — Finals. 

120-yard hurdle — Finals. 

220-yard dash — Finals. 

220-yard hurdle — Finals. 

Field Events. 

Shot-put, high jump, hammer-throw, pole vault, 
discus and broad jump. 

Each class will be allowed four entries in each 
event. Entries must be made by Thursday, Oct. 16. 
Although foot-ball interest is paramount at this sea- 
son no pains will be spared to make this meet a 
success and every man in college should be interested 
in the affair and lend his efforts towards its further- 

As it was originally planned, special students 
were to be allowed to represent the classes with 
which they have a majority of their courses, in this 
meet, but this has been found to be expressly con- 
trary to the provisions of the Athletic Constitution. 
The special students will be encouraged to partici- 
pate, therefore, but the noints won will not be 
counted for any class. 

Bowdoin 12, Exeter 0. 

Bowdoin met Exeter, Wednesday afternoon, 
October 8, on Whittier Field, and won 12 to o. 
Bowdoin played a brilliant game in the first half, 
scarcely failing to make gains through Exeter's line. 
She also played a good defensive game. In the 

second half Bowdoin was slow and fumbled a good 
deal, while Exeter played a much better game. 

The line-up : 
Bowdoin. Exeter. 

Staples, Sanborn, c c, Hooper. 

Hatch, r. g r. g., McFadden. 

Shaw. 1. g 1. g., Dillon. 

Philoon (Connors), r. t r. t., Brill (George). 

Davis, I. t 1. t., Cooney. 

Porter, r. e r. e., Lawrence. 

Beane, 1. e 1. e., Leight. 

Blanchard, q. b q. b., Harris (McGraw). 

Munro (Capt.) 1. h. b 1. h. b., Marshall. 

Finn, f. b f. b., Jenkins. 

Winslow (Chapman), r. h. b. 

r. h. b., Brown (Wormell). 

Touchdowns — Finn, Porter. Goals from touch- 
downs — Munro 2. Ross, '94, referee. Sullivan, 
Holy Cross, umpire. Green and Gumbel, linesmen. 
Periods — 20 and 15 minutes. 

1905, 14; 1906, 13. 

The Sophomores won the second base-ball game 
and the series, Saturday, October 11. Stewart 
pitched for the Sophomores in the absence of 
Lewis, who was kept from playing because he was 
to play on the 'varsity foot-ball team in the after- 
noon. Stewart lacked control, but the Sophomores 
managed to pull out a victory in the last two 
innings, in the same way the Sophomores have done 
every year since the series was inaugurated. The 
Sophomores were outplayed the first of the game, 
but Piper went to pieces in the eighth and 1905 batted 
out a victory. 

The summary : 


r h P0 a e 

Greene, r. f 2 I 2 o o 

Stewart, p I 1 1 1 I 

White, c. (Capt.) 22800 

Clark, c. f 2 1 o 1 o 

Robbins, ss 3 2 1 o 3 

Hill, 1. f 3 3 1 o o 

dishing, lb o 1 7 1 

Eaton, 2b o o 4 1 1 

Foster, 3b 1 1 3 1 1 

Totals 14 12 27 4 7 


r h po a E 

Piper, p 1 o 2 4 

Bavis, c 1 3 6 1 1 

Tobey, lb o 1 9 o 3 

Putnam, ss o 1 3 

Hodgson, 3 b. (Capt.) 3 1 1 1 

Childs, r. f 3 o o o o 

Tuell, c. f 2 2 o o I 

Bodkin, 2 b 2 o 2 I 

Leavitt, 1. f 1 4 3 o 1 

Totals 13 11 24 9 7 

Score by Innings. 

Sophomores 4 o 1 2 3 4 x — 14 

Freshmen o 3 6 1 o I o 2 o — 13 

Base on balls — by Stewart 8, Piper 6. Struck 
out — by Piper 6, by Stewart 6. Base on hit by 
pitched ball — Tobey. Time — 2 hours 30 minutes. 
Umpire — A. P. Havey, '03. 



No. 13. 





Clement F. Robinson, 1903, Editor-in-Chief. 

Farnsworth G. Marshall, 1903, Business Manager. 

William T. Rowe, 1904, Assistant Editor-in-Chief. 
Harold J. Everett, 1904, Assistant Business Manager. 

Associate Editors. 
S. C. W. Simpson, 1903. E. H. R. Burroughs, 1905. 

S. T. Dana, 1904. W. S. Cushing, 1905. 

John W. Frost, 1904. W. F. Finn, Jr., 1905. 

A. L. McCobb, 1905. 

Per annum, in advance, 
Per Copy, 

10 Cents. 

Please address business communications to the Business 
Manager, and all other contributions to the Editor-in-Chief. 

Entered at the Post -Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 

Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston. 

The Sunday meetings by the Y. M. C. A. 
have started off well. They are distinctly a 
good thing, and the college wishes them a suc- 
cessful year. Nobody who forms the habit of 
attending these services will regret it. 

Our foot-ball season is coming to a head. 
The game next Saturday is the first of the 
four which together make the standard by 
which the season will be judged. And Colby 
is no mean antagonist. Unexpectedly to all, 
perhaps even to itself, it has developed a team 
which has beaten Bates and given Maine one 
bad scare. In a way the success of our whole 
season will depend upon our putting a damper 
s on the successful career of that team next Sat- 
urday. We can hardly win the coveted cham- 

pionship unless we begin our Maine series by 
beating Colby; and we can certainly not feel 
proud of the remainder of the season, even 
with every other game a victory, if behind 
the last three games is the knowledge that for 
the third time in four years the smallest col- 
lege in the State can produce an eleven which 
our picked men cannot defeat. Every dic- 
tate of prudence says we ought to win. Every 
dictate of reason says we can win. 

Every dictate of sentiment says we must 
win. So get into the game ! And the fight is 
"up to you," members of the team, and it's 
"up to us," fellow-students, to help. 

We gladly print the announcement of the 
series of lectures for the coming year offered 
by the Saturday Club of Brunswick. These 
lectures in the past have always attracted 
many students; and a large number of tickets 
for the course and for individual lectures 
should be needed by the students again this 
year. This will be the only lecture course in 
town, this winter, and a glance at the 
announcement will show that it comprises a 
carefully-selected array of speakers. 

The mysteries of the "goat" have been 
revealed, and another class counts five-sixths 
of its men "fraternity men." The novitiates 
have taken the most important step in their 
college lives, and the result of their decision 
to become fraternity men will continue to 
affect the trend of their whole life afterwards. 
It matters not which is the fraternity, for all 
have the same high aspirations and ideals, 
which, however imperfectly frail human 
nature carries them out, appeal to the noblest 
sentiments in the hearts of the members. The 
man who gives heed to the fraternity principles 



will be an honor to his fraternity, — a student, 
a gentleman, and a Christian. See to it, 
Freshmen brothers, in all the fraternities and 
in Bowdoin, that through you no outsider can 
ever cast a slur upon that fraternity which you 
are going to love and prize so greatly as the 
months go by. Model your lives on the lives of 
those of whom your fraternity is proudest, 
and you cannot go far wrong. 

Spasmodically the practice of kicking the 
steam pipes during chapel service appears. Ic 
has appeared this term. It is a practice which 
the sober sentiment of the college ought to be 
powerful enough to break up. It is a cow- 
ardly insult to the gentleman who is conduct- 
ing the service, and a slur on our character as 
gentlemen which no true Bowdoin man should 
endure. "Cut it out," should upperclassmen 


Fraternity initiations all occurred Friday 
evening, October 17, and as usual there was a 
holiday Saturday granted by the Faculty in 
order to sleep off the effects. There was a 
satisfactory absence of any annoying antics on 
the streets of the town during the preliminary 
exercises, although there was more or less 
enjoyment given passers-by by the sight of the 
goat tied up under guard at one house, and at 
another house by the sight of a bootblacking 
establishment complete. There was an unus- 
ually large number of alumni back, as the list 

The initiates were as follows : 

Alpha Delta Phi — From 1905, James Gregory 
Finn of Lewiston; 1906, James Austin Bartlett of 
Richmond, Philip Freeland Chapman of Portland, 
Harry Leslie Childs of Lewiston, Robert John Hodg- 
son, Jr., of Lewiston, Elmer Perry of Portia id, 
Fred E. Richards Piper of Portland, John Patten 
Winchell, Jr., of Brunswick. 

Psi Upsilon — From 1903, Edmund Knight Bly of 
Bradford, Mass. ; 1905, Walter Braden Clark of 
Houlton ; 1906. Philip Roy Andrews of Kennebunk, 
Edward Russell Hale of Brunswick, Harry Augustus 
Sawyer of Portland, James Wingate Sewall of Old- 
town, Cyrus Clyde Shaw of North Gorham. 

Delta Kappa Jipsilon — From 1904, James Francis 
Cox of Houlton, John Fred Schneider of Bangor ; 
1905, Ray Waldron Pettengill of Augusta, Ansel 

Cyrus Denning of East Poland ; 1906, E. Bradford 
Andrews of Portland, Chester S. Bavis of Calais, 
Harold S. Elder of Portland, Fred L. Packard of 
Turner, David R. Porter of Bangor, Walter B. 
Powers of Houlton, Arthur O. Putnam of Houlton, 
Raymond B. Williams of Farmington, Harvey P. 
Winslow of Gardiner. 

Theta Delta Chi — From 1905, James Newell 
Emery of Bar Harbor, Louis Dwight Howell Weld 
of Hyde Park Mass. ; 1906, Arthur Horace Bodkin, 
Jr., of Norway, Alfred Russell Boothby of West- 
brook. Henry Philip Chapman of Portland, Charles 
Fitch Jenks of Canton, Mass., Clarence Arthur 
Rogers of Brunswick, Fred Elkanan Smith of Nor- 
way, George Carroll Soule of Freeport, Harold 
Grant Tobey of Clinton, Mass., Herbert Woodman 
Tuell of Bethel, Robert Thompson Woodruff of 

Zeta Psi — From 1905, George Ulmer Hatch, Bel- 
fast; 1906, Seth Gurney Haley of Saco; Crowell 
Clairinton Hall, Jr., of Dover, Charles Colby 
Knowlton of Ellsworth, Alonzo Powers Merrill of 
Skowhegan, Normal Call Prince of Tabor, Iowa, 
Samuel Whitmore of Brunswick, Eugene Eveleth 
Wing of Fairfield. 

Delta Upsilon — From 1906, Charles Llenry Brad- 
ford of South Livermore, Charles Hunter Cunning- 
ham of Strong, Currier Carlton Holman of Farm- 
ington, Frank Sherman Piper of North Parsonsfield, 
William Haines Stone of Biddeford, Thomas Butler 
Walker of Biddeford, William Edward Youland, 
Jr., of Biddeford. 

Kappa Sigma — From 1906, Ralph Prentiss Brown 
of Greenville, Charles Joseph Hicks of Westbrook, 
Leslie Deering Leavitt of Bowdoinham, Roland Lee 
McKay of Bowdoinham, Frank Davis Rowe of Ells- 
worth, Harry Lemont Stimpson of Brunswick. 

Beta Theta Pi — From 1906, Melvin Thomas Cope- 
land of Bangor, William Treby Johnson of Augusta, 
Dudley Cromwell Kalloch of Portland, George 
Harold Merrill of Westbrook, George Parcher of 
Ellsworth, Leon Vases Parker of Westbrook, Ralph 
Grant Webber of Augusta. 

The following visiting members were pres- 
ent at the initiations of their fraternities : 

Alpha Delta Phi — Rev. Henry L. Chapman, Dr. 
F. H. Gerrish, '66; Rev. John Gregson, Kenyon, 
'68; Rev. D. E. Miller, Wesleyan, '69; Thomas H. 
Riley, 'So; H. W. Chamberlain, '81; C. C. Hutchins, 
'83 ; Eugene Thomas, '85 ; Edgar A. Kaharl, Willard 
T. Libby, Wallace H. White, Jr., '99; Robert F. 
Chapman, Robert S. Edwards, E. L. Jordan, James 
P. Webber, 1900; Edwin M. Fuller, Jr., John H. 
White, '01 ; Edmund Hayes, '02. 

Psi Upsilon — Joseph W. Symonds, Nicholas E. 
Boyd, '60; Prof. W. A. Houghton, Yale, '73; Bar- 
rett Potter, '78; Prof. G. T. Files, '89; William M. 
Ingraham, '94; Jesse H. Libby, '96; Joseph W. Whit- 
ney, 1900 ; Roland E. Clark, '01 ; George E. Fogg, 
Thomas H. Blake, 02. 

Delta Kappa Epsilon — George S. Thompson, 'yy, 
Dr. F. N. Whittier, '85; Prof. A. S. Dyer, '96; J. 
C. Minott, '96; R. P. Bodwell, '02. 

Theta Delta Chi— A. C. Shorey, '88; F. J. C. 
Little, '89; Prof. W. B. Mitchell, '90; Philip Dana, 
'96; L. P. Libbey, '99; H. P. Cobb, 1900; Dr. N. J. 



Gehring, '01 ; P. B. Merrill, A. S. Rodick, H. D. Gib- 
son, '02; R. Hill (Hobart College), '03; J. C. O'Con- 
nor (Dartmouth), '02; C. G. Wyndham, ex-'o4. 

Zeta Psi — Professor Henry Johnson, '74; Dennis 
M. Bangs, '91 ; Edgar M. Simpson, '94 ; Francis C. 
Peaks, '96; Robert E. Randall, '99; Edward S. 
Anthoine, '02 ; and Wallace O. Clements, Auburn, 
of the Kappa Chapter at Tufts. 

Delta Upsilon — Harry B. Russ, '95 ; Guy H. Stur- 
gis, Guy C. Howard, '98 ; George T. Lewis, '01 ; 
Alfred L. Laferriere, '01 ; and Messrs. Furbish of 
the Amherst Chapter and Whitmore of the Harvard. 

Kappa Sigma — Reuel W. Smith, '97; E. T. Fen- 
ley, '01; E. W. Folsom, R. B. Dole, '02; from the 
New Hampshire State College Chapter, E. W. 
Bubick, '04, M. J. White, '03, F. L. Hill, '03, A. M. 
Merrill, '04, D. J. Layton, '04; from the University 
of Maine Chapter, John Warren, '02, George Tre- 
worgy, '03. 

Beta Theta Pi — A. Royal Kurl, Boston Univer- 
sity, 1900 ; Henry Evans, George Gardner, William 
M. Warren, Herbert L. Grinnell, Jr., '02; from the 
University of Maine Chapter, H. K. Crocker, '03; 
E. R. Berry, '04; Scott P. Livermore, '04. 


To those interested in the program of the 
Saturday Club for the coming winter, we are 
able to give the following information. For 
the first time in the history of the club course 
tickets will be issued to the public and will be 
sold at the low price of two dollars and a half. 
It is hoped by thus reducing the price, while 
maintaining the high standard of previous 
entertainments, to interest the student body as 
well as the general public. The eight enter- 
tainments included in this course are as fol- 

Miss Marie L. Shedlock, of London, 
England, opens the course Nov. 15th, her sub- 
ject being "The Fun and Philosophy of Hans 
Christian Andersen's Fairy Tales." Miss 
Shedlock comes highly recommended by one 
who heard this same lecture given before a 
"cultured and delighted audience" at Bar Har- 
bor this summer. 

Miss Louise Karr, Dec. 6, gives her original 
character monologues with such lively imagi- 
nation, skill in acting, and such a clever, origi- 
nal manner, that she delights and holds her 
audiences wherever she goes. Among her 
selections is one written especially for her by 
Mary E. Wilkins. Miss Karr will be assisted 
by Mr. and Mrs. Frederick L. Scott, of Farm- 
ington, Connecticut, who are personal friends 
of Miss Karr, and well known to all Bruns- 
wick people as possessing musical ability of a 
high order. 

The third entertainment will be given Jan- 

uary 10th, by Mr. F. F. Mackay, Director of 
the National Conservatory of Dramatic Art of 
New York City,, and president of the Actors' 
Society of America. Mr. Mackay has been 
an actor and associated with the best dramatic 
talent of the day. He will read from Shakes- 
peare and Kipling, and give recitations in 
the Lancashire dialect. 

February 7 Mrs. Irving Winslow, of Bos- 
ton, will read "Monsieur Beaucaire" and 
Nance Oldfield." She is so well known 
among Boston audiences and to the public in 
general, that nothing needs to be said as to her 
ability as a dramatic reader. She is highly 
endorsed by Henry A. Clapp. 

Bowdoin will be glad to welcome Dr. John 
C. Bowker to its halls again. He is a grad- 
uate of its Medical School, and since leaving 
college has traveled widely and gained an 
enviable reputation as a brilliant lecturer. He 
will give an illustrated "Travel Talk on India" 
in Memorial Hall, March 7. Dr. Bowker's 
lectures have won enthusiastic commendation 
from audiences in all the large cities. The 
Portland Press says of him, "Far and away 
the best lecturer on foreign travels we have 

March 21 Hon. F. B. Sanborn, of Concord, 
will talk on "Anti-Slavery Leaders I Have 
Known." Mr. Sanborn's lecture cannot fail 
to be most valuable, as he speaks from personal 
knowledge of his subject and brings to us his 
own experience in the John Brown raid in 

George Kennan, who for several months 
has been in Martinique and under the shadow 
of Mt. Pelee, will lecture on the present con- 
ditions in that island, and tell the story as he 
alone knows how to tell it. This lecture, will 
be given in the Town Hall, April 4. 

Dr. Guy S. Callender, of Bowdoin, closes 
this course with a lecture on "The Signifi- 
cance of Slavery in American Historv," 
April 18. 

Tickets for the course can be obtained of 
Mr. Furbish, at the Treasurer's office. 

Notice has been sent to the alumni associations 
and alumni for the nomination of candidates to fill 
the vacancy in the Board of Overseers caused by 
the resignation of Hon. William C. Marshall of the 
Class of 1847. In accordance with the plan adopted 
in 1889, the alumni first nominate candidates for this 
position. Then from the "eligible list," made up 
in the prescribed manner, of four candidates, they 
choose their representative by a formal balloting con- 
ducted through the mail. 





Students must be prompt to 
make corrections of any errors in 
name or address in the Cata- 
logue. Corrections must be in 
before November 1st. 

Gibson, '02, was in town last Saturday. 

Dunlap and Stover, '03, have returned to college. 

Manager Clark is fast completing the base-ball 

Deutscher Verein and the Government Club will 
organize soon. 

Denning, '05, sings tenor in the quartet at the 
Church on the Hill. 

Some very neat Bowdoin banners are being sold 
by Leatherbarrow, '04. 

Kennedy, '04, is out teaching this term as princi- 
pal of Jonesboro High School. 

' Garcelon, '05, who started in at McGill this fall, 
re-entered Bowdoin last week. 

Rev. Mr. Moore of Rockland will preach at the 
Congregationalist Church next Sunday. 

Donnell, '05, had a valuable gold watch stolen 
from him at the iopsham Fair, last week. 

A party of students spent Saturday and Sunday 
at the cottage of Packard, '04, at Harpswell. 

F. S. Palmer returned to college last week. He 
will be granted class standing with the Seniors. 

The Quill has been delayed by the absence from 
town of half the editorial board. It is expected to 
appear this week. 

The October number of the Intercollegiate News 
apeared last week. S. B. Gray, '03, is the Bow- 
doin correspondent. 

Hour exams, in History courses come as follows : 
History 7, October 24; History 4, October 27; His- 
tory 10, October 30. 

R. M. Cousins, '03, has been elected editor-in- 
chief of the University of Maine Campus in place 
of John Hilliard, resigned. 

Burroughs, '05, who had his leg hurt in a foot-ball 
scrimmage, Thursday, is able to be around the 
campus with the aid of a cane. 

John H. Woodruff, son of Professor Woodruff 
and a Sophomore at the University of Vermont, 
broke his collar bone in foot-ball practice, last week. 

Dr. Dennis leaves for Princeton this Thursday to 
attend the inauguration of President Wilson of 
Princeton. There will be adjourns in History until 
next Wednesday. 

Professor MacDonald, formerly of Bowdoin, but 
now of Brown University, was elected president of 
the New England History Teachers' Association, at 
Boston, Saturday. 

The University of Maine Campus urges the stu- 
dents there to refrain from bragging until the end 
of the season, lest over-confidence destroy the team's 

President White of Colby will be among the Sun- 
day speakers in the Y. M. C. A. series this year. He 
will probably be here November 2, and will doubtless 
draw a large audience. 

The fullback, Clement, cannot enter Bates after 
all, because his former college refuses him dismissal 
papers for one reason and another, which perhaps 
reflect more on the college than on the man. 

Rev. A. U. Ogilvie of Elkhart, Indiana, preached 
at the Congregational Church, Sunday, and in 
chapel, Sunday afternoon. There was a solo in 
chapel by Mr. Millard Bowdoin of Portland. 

Cony High School beat Brunswick High School, 
10-6, in a hotly-contested game on Whittier Field, 
Saturday morning, October 18. The best players 
on both of the teams are future Bowdoin men. 

At a meeting of the Maine Library Association 
held last Wednesday at Fairfield, Professor Little 
was elected president for the ensuing year. Profes- 
sor Little and Assistant Librarians Whitmore and 
Levi., attended. 

At a meeting of the trustees of Phillips-Exeter, 
Saturday, Gen. Bancroft was elected one of the 
trustees. President Hyde is one of the trustees, but 
was unable to be present owing to his duties at 
Chicago University. 

Men thinking of taking dancing lessons will be 
interested to know that Mr. Lewis will teach at 
Pythian Hall every Thursday evening, beginning 
this week. The course costs only three dollars and 
consists of twelve lessons. 

Colby has a unique training-table. The Delta 
Kappa Epsilon Fraternity has given over their house 
and cook to the foot-ball management during the 
season, and those of the fraternity not in the team 
are temporarily boarding elsewhere. 

An edition of athletic songs is to be prepared for 
use at the coming foot-ball games and distributed by 
the foot-ball management. Some of the songs will 
be new, but the old stand-bys, relating to the quality 
of "Bowdoin stuff," will be retained. 

Maine beat Tufts, 12-0, Saturday, and the news- 
papers say that the Tufts method of playing in a 
losing game has caused Maine to decide as Bowdoin 
did after beating Tufts 17-6 in 1900, — that is, to sus- 
pend athletic relations for the present. 

At a meeting of the Sophomore Class, Tuesday, 
October 14, Hall was elected track captain. Seavey, 
D. C. White, and Lewis were elected a committee 
to take charge of affairs Hallowe'en night. It was 
also voted to hold class elections the next week. 

Work on the new Psi Upsilon Chapter House is 
being pushed on quite rapidly, as is evident even 
from the outside, which is beginning to take on a 
more cheerful and home-like aspect. It is hoped 
and expected that the house will be ready for occu- 
pation by the beginning of the winter term. There 
will be rooms for eight students, and an alumni 
room which may possibly be occupied this year by an 



The History Club of the Junior Class were enter- 
tained last week by Lunt at 30 North Maine. The 
members are as follows : Professor Dennis, Assistant 
Anthoine and Messrs. Beane, Bryant, Coan, Harper, 
Kimball, Lunt, Powers, Purington, Sexton and 

Remember that the Y. M. C. A. service this next 
Sunday comes before chapel instead of after it. The 
chapel bell will ring for this service at a few minutes 
before three o'clock. The chance to hear Mr. Baker 
should not be missed. The present undergraduates 
are not likely to have another chance to hear him. 

At the third annual meeting of the Maine Asso- 
ciation of Colleges and Preparatory Schools to be 
held in the Senate Room of the State House, Oct. 24 
and 25, Professor Moody will speak on "Reading 
for Teachers of Mathematics," and Professor Files 
will lead a discussion on the report of the committee 
on college entrance requirements. 

Miss Fay, the fortune-teller who has been enter- 
taining audiences at Lewiston and Portland with her 
wonderful, exhibitions of second-sight, recently 
announced that Bates will beat Bowdoin. It remains 
to be seen whether her words will prove true. It is 
natural to wonder what she would have foretold if it 
had been a Bowdoin student who sought the oracle. 

The Lewiston Saturday Journal makes an odd 
slip in a heading last week, when it says that a cer- 
tain well-known foot-ball player "may change his 
mind ; considering offers to go on Bates team at 
foot-ball." A protest from the other colleges against 
the player on the ground of professionalism would 
come naturally indeed after reading such a heading. 

The library force of assistants is busier than 
usual now ; and is expecting a great rush in a few 
weeks. The collection of government publications is 
being re-numbered serially in accordance with the 
check-lists and index recently received from the 
Library of Congress. The new index makes avail- 
able what was a great measure, inaccessible. 

Professor James W. McDonald, agent for the 
Massachusetts Board of Education, at the seventeenth 
annual convention of the New England colleges and 
preparatory schools at New Haven, Oct. II, advo- 
cated the abolition of entrance examinations in 
English Literature. He took the ground that the 
cramming which is done for these examinations 
destroys the emotional appreciation of literature. 

The following books have been recently added to 
the library: "The Lady Paramount," by John How- 
land ; "Ranson's Folly," by Richard H. Davis ; 
"French Cathedrals and Chateaux," by C. C. Per- 
kins; "Story of Pemaquid," by James Otis; "Ger- 
man Empire of To-Day ;" "Life of James Martin- 
eau," by A. W. Jackson ; "The Fortunes of Oliver 
Horn," by F. Hopkinson Smith ; "The Earthly Para- 
dise," by W. Morris; "The Mid-eighteenth Century," 
by J. H. Millar ; "Rise of Religious Liberty in 
America," by S. H. Cobb ; "The Richileu Theology," 
by A. E. Garvie ; "Varieties of Religious Experi- 
ence," (Gifford Lectures), by William James; "An 
American at Oxford," by John Corbin ; Romanes 
Lecture. 1902, by James Bryce ; "The Autobiography 
of a Journalist," by W. J. Stillman ; "The Valley of 
Decision," by Edith Wharton ; "The Virginian," by 
Owen Wister; "Asiatic Russia," by G. F. Wright. 

The following are the subjects announced from 
which competitors for the Class of 1875 Prize in 
American History are to choose for the essays due 
Ma)- I, 1903 : 

1. The Government of Territories and Colonies 
by the United States, 1783-1902. 

2. The Influence of the Tariff Upon National 
Politics and Elections. 

3. The Rights and Duties of Neutrality as Laid 
Down and Enforced by the United States. 

A small boy at the Bath Street Primary played 
truant, the Wednesday afternoon of the Exeter 
game, and his teacher made him do penance the 
next day by writing a "composition" which should 
describe what he saw at the game. This is the 
result, just as he wrote it: 
Bowdoin beet the New Hampshire 1 1 to 0. 
finn the full back made one tuch down which made 
the score 5. Danminrow the lefthalfback made one 
tuch down 5 and keek a gole counts I. 
and that was all I see." 

The following item from the Kennebec Journal is 
of interest to Bowdoin men : 

Professor George T. Little, chairman of the State 
Library Commission, has forwarded his resignation 
to the Governor to take effect immediately. Profes- 
sor Little has been a member of the commission since 
its creation and is a most valuable member of the 
board. His reason for resigning is because of his 
inability to devote as much time to the duties of his 
position as he thinks he ought. He is librarian of the 
Bowdoin College Library and is kept very busy all 
the time. 

Captain Allen of the Bates foot-ball team has 
resigned and left college. His mother is very ill, 
and it is her wish that he should not play, and he 
feels obliged to leave college to take care of her. 
The loss of the captain will weaken the Bates team 
and by so much improve Bowdoin's chances ; but 
the many friends of Captain Allen here are far from 
rejoicing in that fact, but feel only deep personal 
sympathy for him. Allen has been the best short- 
stop in the State as well as a star foot-ball player. 
Towne has been elected captain for the rest of the 
season in his place. 

The first themes of the term will be due Tuesday, 
October 28. 

Juniors : 

1. Is Compulsory Arbitration a Solution of the 
Labor Question? 

2. Should Some of the Courses of Freshman 
Year at Bowdoin Be Elective? 

3. Swinburne's Criticism of Dickens; Is It Just? 
(See Quarterly Review, July, 1902.) 

4. Dickens' "Oliver Twist." 

oophomores : 

I. An Autobiography: Who I Am and Why I 
Came to Bowdoin. 

A meeting was held Saturday afternoon in the 
Art Building to perfect an organization for the 
advancement of the philatelic interests of the col- 
lege art collection. Seven men were present and 
officers were elected as follows : President. Samuel 
T. Dana, 1904; Secretary-Treasurer, John M. Bridg- 



ham, 1904; Advisory Board, Mr. Conant, Portland. 
Professor Henry Johnson and Professor Leslie A. 
Lee. The object of the society is to re-arrange, 
augment, and catalogue the college collection -of 
stamps, which is one of considerable value. Later 
circulars will be sent to the alumni asking contribu- 
tions. The work will necessarily be long and pains- 
taking, and it is to be hoped that every student inter- 
ested in philately will lend his assistance. Meetings 
will soon be held weekly or fortnightly. 

President Hyde delivered an address, at Evans- 
ton, 111., Sunday, on "The Reconciliation of Our 
Educational Ideals," the occasion being the installa- 
tion of Edward J. James as president of Northwest- 
ern University. President Hyde said in part: 
"There are five education ideals struggling for 
supremacy — the physical, the technical, the liberal, 
the theoretical, and the spiritual. The physical ideal 
is much more than the athletic ; it is normal func- 
tions, steady nerves, and cheerful temper as the 
basis of a useful and happy life. The technical ideal 
is the ability to earn a living for self and family, by 
contributing to the community something as valu- 
able as the minimum on which one is willing to 
look. The liberal ideal is to be at home in all lands 
and all ages, to count nature a familiar acquaintance 
and not an intimate friend, and to carry the colors 
of the world's library in one's pocket. The theoret- 
ical is devotion to truth, for her own dear and 
precious sake. The spiritual ideal is grateful love to 
God, hearty support of the state, the church, the 
moral industrial order, scorn to make mean excep- 
tions to just laws in one's own favor and generous 
service of our fellow-men." 


The questions in Debating I. so far as they have 
been selected, are as follows : 

First debate, Wednesday, Oct. 22. Question : 
Resolved, That compulsory arbitration of labor dis- 
putes should be adopted in the United States. 
Affirmative : Martin, '03, Whitney, '04. Negative : 
Merrill, '03, Cunningham, '04. 

Second debate, Wednesday, October 29. Ques- 
tion : Resolved, That the policy which the United 
States has adopted towards Cuba should be adopted 
towards the Philippines. Affirmative : Robinson, '03, 
Gould, '03. Negative : Campbell, '04, Kimball, '04. 

Third debate, Wednesday, November 5. Briefs 
due Wednesday, October 29. Question : Resolved, 
That the demands of labor unions in this country 
are unreasonable and would, if granted, be detrimen- 
tal to industry. Affirmative : Walker, '03, Wood- 
bury, '03. Negative : Towne, '03, Shaw, '03. 

Fourth debate, Wednesday, November 12. 
Briefs due Wednesday, November 5. Question : 
Resolved, That the United States government should 
own and control its railroads. Affirmative : Harper, 
'04, Webber, '03. Negative : Hall, '05, Munro, '03. 

Fifth debate, Wednesday, November 19. Briefs 
due Wednesday, Nov. 12. Question : Resolved, 
That the abolishment of the canteen in the United 
States Army was a wise policy. Affirmative : Simp- 
son, '03, Burpee, '04. Negative : Marshall, '03, 
Damren, '05. 

Sixth debate, Wednesday, November 26. Briefs 
due Wednesday, November 19. Question: 
Resolved, That reciprocity between the United States 
and Cuba should be established. Affirmative: 
Phillips, '03, Greene, '05. Negative : Farley, '03, 
Henderson, '05. 

All the briefs must be type-written Some of the 
best books on the questions discussed are put on the 
reserved list in the Library. The debate will be in 
the Economics Room, Adams Hall, at 7.30 p.m. 

Y. M. C. A. 

Below is submitted the budget of the Y. M. C. A. 
for the current year 1902-1903 : 


Bible Study Committee: 

Printing $5-00 

Books 10.00 

Missionary Committee : 

Books 50.00 

Printing 5.00 

Meetings Committee : 

Printing 5-00 

Speakers 70.00 

Piano 34-00 

Social Committee : 

Printing 5.00 

Reception 30.00 

Music 10.00 

Trucking 15.00 

Finance Committee : 

Printing 5.00 

Handbook 75-00 

Northfield 50.00 

President's Conf 15.00 

Postage 13 00 

Paper 5.00 

International Com 10.00 

Missions 50.00 


Balance $55-00 

Unpaid dues and subscriptions 40.00 

Membership : 

Membership dues 50.00 

Sustaining dues 25.00 

Subscriptions : 

Student 125.00 

Faculty 80.00 

Alumni 50.00 

Missionary Committee : 

Books 50.00 

Systematic giving 50.00 

Handbook ads 35-00 

S. C. W. Simpson, Treasurer. 

The prospective residue of receipts shown by the 
budget, if realized, will be used to start the fund 



needed to properly fit up the new quarters, into 
which the Association will move next spring. 

The speaker Sunday, October 12, was Rev. C. 
A. Terhune, of Portland, and there was a solo by 
Miss McCarty of Bath. 

The first regular mid-week meeting of the term 
was held Thursday evening, October 16. in the Asso- 
ciation room in Massachusetts Hall. The subject. 
"Why a Student Should Join the College Associa- 
tion" was discussed, the leader being McCormick, 
'03. The attendance was good, in spite of the fact 
that many of the fraternities were obliged to hold 
meetings, and the number of new men was encour- 
aging, yet these meetings should be much more 
largely attended, not only by members of the Asso- 
ciation but by more of the students at large, as the 
half-hour's quiet communion together with God will 
amply repay for the time taken from our other work. 

On Sunday afternoon, October 19, the first of the 
series of three meetings which have been arranged, 
was held, the speaker being the Rev. Smith Baker, 
D.D., of the Williston Memorial Church of Port- 
land. This was the first opportunity that the Young 
Men's Christian Association has had of hearing Dr. 
Baker, and he was greeted by one of the largest and 
most enthusiastic audiences in the history of the 
organization. The address was the first of two on 
"The Spiritual Life." Dr. Baker showed by analogies 
from the lowest forms of animal life, thence through 
the higher forms of life and through the intellectual 
life into the spiritual life, how the soul must not 
only be sensitive to all the good around it and to 
every good and noble influence with which it comes 
in contact, but also receptive of that influence, then, 
not content to rest there, digesting it and finally 
reproducing it until it is not a mere object but the 
image of the soul which produced it. 

Next Sunday the meeting will be at 3.00 o'clock, 
instead of at the usual time. This is done in order 
that Dr. Baker, who will again speak, may return 
in time for his evening service. The chapel bell 
will be rung ten minutes before the time and it is 
hoped that the audience may be as large, in spite of 
the change of hour, as the one which greeted Dr. 
Baker on his first visit. 

At the meeting on Sunday Mr. Millard Bowdoin 
of Portland sang two solos, both of which were 
greatly enjoyed. The special music is one of the 
most pleasant parts of the meetings, and it is hoped 
that it will be possible to continue to have the best 
talent attainable for these meetings. 


Bowdoin 35, New Hampshire College 5. 

The account of the game with New Hampshire 
College, Saturday, October 11, was crowded out of 
our last issue. The game was not an encouraging 
one for Bowdoin, for New Hampshire College 
scored, on a fluke, the first score ever made against 
Bowdoin, while Bowdoin played during the first half 
as if it were asleep. 

New Hampshire's score was made thus : Dear- 
born, the New Hampshire fullback, tried for a goal 

from the field. The ball struck the west post and 
bounded back into the field. Nixon, the left tackle on 
New Hampshire, was on the ball as it fell, and before 
Bowdoin realized what he was about, had carried it 
across the line for the first touchdown of the game. 
Bowdoin protested at once, claiming that Nixon was 
off-side and so had no right to touch the ball. 
Umpire Keith, however, declared in favor of New 
Hampshire. Dearborn failed to kick the goal. 

Bowdoin waked up during the last part of the 
first half, and in the second half played all around 
New Hampshire, scoring four touchdowns in that 
half. One of these came as the result of a run for 
73 yards by Bates, the substitute halfback, which 
run was the most brilliant play in the game. 

The line-up : 
Bowdoin. New Hampshire. 

Philoon, r. e r. e., Marlon. 

Davis-Ridlon, 1. t r. g., Black. 

Shaw, 1. g c, Dearborn. 

Sanborn, c 1. g., Bickford. 

Hatch, r. g 1. t., Nixon. 

Conners, r. t 1. e., Gibbs. 

Porter-Bean-Lewis, r. e q. b., Thompson. 

Blanchard-Perkins, q. b r. h. b., Smyth. 

Munro (Capt), Bates, 1. h. b 1. h. b., Dunward. 

Winslow-Chapman, r. h. b f. b., J. Dearborn. 

Finn-Towne, f. b r. t, Davis. 

Touchdowns — Finn 4, Chapman, Bates, Nixon. 
Goals from touchdowns — Munro 3, Philoon 2. 
Umpires — Cox and Soule. Referee — Keith. Tim- 
ers — Greene, Bowdoin; Jenness of New Hampshire. 
Time — 20- and 15-minute periods. 

Hebron 27, Bowdoin Scrub o. 

A team made up from the substitutes played 
Hebron at Hebron, Saturday, October 11, and was 
badly defeated, by the score of 27 to o. The best of 
the second eleven men were kept at home because 
of the New Hampshire College game, so that more 
than half of those who went had never played in a 
foot-ball game before. Still the team made Hebron 
work for every gain during the first half, and dur- 
ing the second half, until injuries to two of the Bow- 
doin players discouraged the team. 

The line-up : 
Hebron. Bowdoin 2d. 

Gilman, 1. e 1. e., Emery-Johnston. 

Marshall, 1. t r. t., Brown-Hamblin. 

Newman, 1. g r. g., Cunningham. 

Andrews, c c, Preble-Brown. 

Robinson, r. g 1. g., Herms. 

Williams, r. t. . , 1. t, Burrows. 

Tone, r. s 1. e., Shaw. 

Taylor, q. b q. b., Bly. 

Speake-King, 1. h. b r. h. b., Parker. 

Libby, f. b f. b., Henderson. 

Shurtleff, r. h. b 1. h. b., Snyder 

15-minute halves. Umpire — Laferriere. Referee 
— Brooks. Timers — Fogg and Oakes. Linesmen — 
Nichols and Johnson. 

Bowdoin 12, Hebron 6. 
The 'Varsity made a very poor showing in the 
practice game with Hebron. Saturday, October 18. 
The men seemed sleepy and listless and played a half- 
hearted game. The backs fumbled badly and the 



line men charged sluggishly. Bowdoin was near 
Hebron's 20-yard line when Speake, Hebron's right 
halfback, picked up the ball on a fumble and ran 
over 80 yards for a touchdown. Twice in the second 
half Bowdoin's goal was in danger of a place kick, 
but both attempts were blocked. Bowdoin scored 
once in each half. The Bowdoin men had been up 
late the night before attending fraternity initiations 
and so were in poor physical condition, but even this 
does not satisfactorily account for the poor exhi- 

The summary : 
Bowdoin. Hebron. 

Philoon, 1. e r. e., Killikelly. 

Davis, Marshall, 1. t r. t., Williams. 

Shaw, 1. g r. g., Robinson. 

Staples, c c, Andrews. 

Hatch, Sanborn, r. g 1, g., Newman. 

Cotmers, r. t 1. t., Marshall. 

Porter, Beane, r. e 1. e., Gilman. 

Perkins, Blanchard, q. b q. b., Taylor. 

Munro, Bates, 1. h. b r. h. b., Speake. 

Chapman, r. h. b 1. h. b., Shurtleff. 

Finn, f. b f. b., Libby. 

Touchdowns — Munro, Chapman, Speake. Goal 
from touchdowns — Munro 2, Taylor I. Umpires — 
Cox and Greene. Referee — Fogg. Linesmen — 
Greene, Abbott, Schoppe. Time — 20 m. and 15 m. 

The following were the officials at the Fall Class 
Meet, Wednesday, October 22 : 
Referee — Havey. 
Starter — Furbish. 

ludges of Finish — Coffin, J. Wilson, Conners. 
Timers— Dr. Whittier, L. Dana. 
Clerk of Course — John Mitchell. 
Announcer — John Greene. 
Scorer — Track, H. Riley. 

Field, White, Harlow. 
Measurers — Woodbury, Shaughnessy. 
Judges of Field — Jones, C. Smith. 

Sixteen men are now at the training table at Mrs. 
Norton's, at the corner of Elm and Maine streets. 

Coach O'Connor says the 'Varsity, on the whole, 
took a slump after the Harvard game, although they 
played a good game with Exeter in the first half. 
The men are keeping good training and are in excel- 
lent condition, but the team work is slow. The most 
important question, however, is to develop some good 
tackles. Philoon has been taken from right tackle to 
left end. Conners is taking his place at tackle. The 
foot-ball squad continues large and there is much 

At the Bowdoin-Dartmouth game which was 
played at Portland last fall, it was noticeable how 
comfortable the Dartmouth players looked, between 
the halves, wrapped in their green blankets, in com- 
parison with the way our men looked, cold and dis- 
tressed. The days are growing cold now and it seems 
as though our men ought to have some such covering 
between the halves, and in coming from the 
field. It would be but little expense to the 
management to provide the team with blankets, and 
it might mean a great deal in a game. 

1900. — R. S. Edwards is chemist with the Rock- 
land-Rockport Lime Company, Rockland. 


'61 and '89. — One of the recent publications in the 
historical line is the "History of Sanford, Maine," a 
large volume of 537 pages, containing 23 full-page 
portraits of prominent citizens and genealogies of 
many noted families of this enterprising York County 
town. The work is written by Edwin Emery, '61, 
and edited and prepared for publication by his son, 
William M. Emery, '89. Mr. Emery devoted nearly 
twenty years to the arrangement of the facts which 
make up the history of his native town, which tells 
of its life from the time of its purchase from the 
Indians in 1661 up to the present time. The book 
is a valuable addition to the historical literature of 
Maine, and deserves the perusal of everyone who is 
interested in the records of the noted families of this 
section of the State. 

'yy. — The Portland Express of October 18 contains 
a letter from Commander Peary to the Arctic Club, 
in which he expresses his deep appreciation for their 
loyal support of his work during the last five years. 
The Arctic Club sent the following resolution in 
return : 

"That the Arctic Club acknowledges Commander 
Peary's letter, and extends its cordial welcome upon 
his return to home and country. It honors him for 
his patience, courage and fortitude, undaunted by 
formidable obstacles, thanks him for efficient and 
effective use of the means placed at his disposal, and 
congratulates him on achievements memorable in the 
annals of science and discovery." 

'88. — W. W. Woodman, principal of the Peabody, 
Mass., High School, formerly principal of Gorham 
High School, has been re-elected, and is to receive 
an increase of one hundred dollars in salary. 

'97. — James H. Rhodes, 2d, was on the campus 
this week. He, together with eight other Bowdoin 
graduates, will try the bar examinations before the 
State Board October 18. 

'01. — The marriage of Miss Lena M. Pierce and 
Fred H. Cowan took place at the bride's home at 
North Windsor on August 19. They will reside at 
23 Bangor Street, Augusta, where Mr. Cowan is 
sub-master of the Cony High School. 


Harry Vane Moore died at his home in Somers- 
worth, N. H., Aug. 28. He was born in Limerick, 
Me., July 6, 1854, and was the son of the late Luther 
S. Moore, a leading lawyer of the State. He was edu- 
cated in the schools of Limerick and entered Bow- 
doin in the Class of 1874. For four years following 
graduation, Mr. Moore taught school at Eliot and 
Winterport. During vacations he studied law at the 
office of his father in Limerick and was admitted to 
the bar at the January term of the Supreme Judicial 
Court in 1878. He opened a law office in Berwick, 
Me., in 1878. Later he moved to Somersworth 
where he was married to Miss Frances Nason of 
Great Falls, N. H., in 1882. He has held many 
important positions in Somersworth and at the time 
of his death was city solicitor and chairman of the 
school board. 



Vol. XXXII. 

No. 14. 





Clement F. Robinson, 1903, Editor-in-Chief. 

Farnsworth G. Marshall, 1903, Business Manager. 

William T. Rowe, 1904, Assistant Editor-in-Chief. 
Harold J. Everett, 1904, Assistant Business Manager. 

Associate Editors. 
S. C. W. Simpson, 1903. E. H. R. Burroughs, 1905. 

S. T. Dana, 1904. W. S. Cushing, 1905. 

John W. Frost, 1904. W. F. Finn, Jr., 1905. 

A. L. McCobb, 1905. 

Per annum, in advance, 
Per Copy, 

10 Cents. 

Please address business communications to the Business 
Manager, and all other contributions to the Editor-in-Chief. 

Entered at the Post -Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 

Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston. 

As a matter of interest to the college and 
of incentive to the debaters, the Orient pro- 
poses to print the briefs prepared for the 
weekly debates in the new course in debating. 
This has been done by some of our college 
exchanges, and the briefs have proved useful 
to others investigating along the same lines. 
This week we print the briefs of the debate of 
last week on compulsory arbitration. In later 
issues we shall print Thursday the briefs of 
the debate of the night before. 

The letter from the editor of the Youth's 
Companion which is printed in this issue 
deserves careful consideration, especially by 
1903, which soon holds its class elections. 
We hope that the letter will call forth further 

communications from undergraduates or 
alumni. From personal experience the writer 
can say that to the small boy of Brunswick 
and to many an undergraduate the prophecy 
has seemed the bright, particular star of brill- 
iancy in the whole Commencement exercises. 
As to whether or not more sober sentiment 
would advise its abolition, the Orient will 
suspend judgment until it has heard further 
opinions. The Seniors would do well to begin 
discussing the question at once. 

Most important action was taken by the 
Faculty this week in the rearrangement of the 
courses for Freshman and Sophomore years. 
Rhetoric will be in the future in the Fresh- 
man instead of the Sophomore list of required 
studies, and elocution in the second and third 
terms will be combined with it. All Fresh- 
men studies but Mathematics will be made 
three-hour courses, so that the Freshmen will 
have sixteen hours a week as at present, with 
the addition of an extra hour in hygiene, in 
one. term. Those entering on Greek will be 
required to take a year of Greek in college, as 
at present; those entering on either French or 
German must take the other language Fresh- 
man year. In the Sophomore year German 
will be the only required course, and that only 
required of those who entered on Greek. A 
new course in Economics will be offered by 
Professor Callender to the Sophomores, cor- 
responding to the Sophomore course in His- 
tory. It is hoped that other courses now open 
only to upperclassmen will be opened to Soph- 
omores after a while, but this detail is not yet 

Next year it will be necessary to give the 
course in Rhetoric to both 1906 and 1907 as a 
transition. After that, a new course in 
English, similar to Harvard's famous theme- 



course, "English 10" may be offered electively 
to Sophomores. 

While Bowdoin lost to Colby, the alumni 
and students have every reason to feel proud 
of the showing which the team made against 
a team of the strength of Colby's. The score 
furnishes little evidence of the comparative 
strength of the two elevens. Bowdoin proved 
herself fairly superior to her opponents in team 
work, and played a much more scientific game. 
Every man on the Bowdoin team distinguished 
himself in the game Saturday, and fought to 
the finish. Not a person who witnessed the 
game would deny that if Bowdoin should play 
Colby again, the result would be a closer score. 
The game was a Bunker Hill for Bowdoin. 
There is not a student in the college who now 
does not place entire confidence in the team, 
and who will not support it to the last. We 
have yet a chance to get a claim for the State 
championship, by winning from Bates and 
University of Maine. "Let us then be up and 
doing," and enter the field with renewed 
efforts, determined to turn defeat into victory. 

The experience which Bowdoin sadly 
learned last year, in cheering on a defeated 
team in an uphill game, told well, Saturday. 
It was good to hear the hearty Bowdoin spirit 
in the grand-stand, which backed up the fight 
of our representatives on the field, and spurred 
them on to the- winning of that one touch- 
down. We fondly hope that we have a team, 
this year, which will give us victories, from 
the last end of the schedule. But when defeat 
does come clogging the honest struggle of the 
eleven, as it did last Saturday, it is good to 
be aware of the Bowdoin yells and songs, 
instead of in the midst of chilling silence, as 
those have been on the losing teams so gen- 
erally in the past. 

It is pleasant to notice that in the recent scraps 
the famous old door to the north tower on which 
nearly every student since the early 70's has inscribed 
his name, was not injured. 


I trust you will pardon a veteran Com- 
mencement-goer, one in fact who has attended 
more than forty Commencements at "old Bow- 
doin," a criticism upon one of the features 
of Class Day which seems to me in crying need 
of reform — the class "prophecy." The origi- 
nal idea was a good one. The class was about 
to go from the "little world" of college into 
the real "wide, wide world." The members 
were full of hope, ambition and energy. It 
was a pleasant and grateful task to foretell 
that Carter, the president of the "Praying 
Circle," as the Y. M. C. A. was known at that 
time, would become an eloquent and successful 
preacher, that Simpson would go to Congress 
and perhaps higher in political life, and that 
Burpee would rise to the highest rank in edi- 
torial life. Very pleasant, very flattering to 
Carter, Simpson and Burpee, and very gratify- 
ing to their friends who sat under the shadow 
of the Thorndike Oak to hear the prophecy. 
But it did get monotonous, and it is no wonder 
that now and then a prophet introduced a mild 
and good-tempered "roast" upon some class- 
mate who could take a joke. Soon, however, 
the once exceptional became the usual, and the 
prophecy became all "roasts." Moreover, 
whereas at the beginning the fate foretold for 
each classmate suggested some actual trait of 
his character, the custom to-day seems to be 
to attach any degraded and degrading occu- 
pation to any classmate at random, and some 
such occupation to every one of them. 

I wish to say most emphatically that I do 
not make this criticism upon any prophecy in 
particular. Year after year I have listened to 
the Class Day exercises in the vain hope that 
the prophet would have discovered for himself 
that the modern method is far more monoto- 
nous and tiresome than the earlier one. To 
any visitor who regards Bowdoin College as a 
noble institution of learning, and a training 
place for gentlemen, the prophecy as 
it has been for certainly ten years past, with- 
out one exception, is a crude, silly, misplaced 
bit of horseplay. It is never witty, it is rarely 
even faintly humorous. One might expect 
a crowd of coarse bumpkins to laugh at the 
idea of finding a perfectly steady and self- 
controlled classmate dead drunk, the first 
scholar in the class taking tickets at the 
entrance to a circus tent, or the dude of the 
class a tramp. But when every member of a 
class of sixty odd members must be mentioned 



it is not practicable to invent a contrary fate 
for each one, and the prophet must resort to 
such stupidities as making his classmates into 
ferry-boat deck hands, floor-walkers in dry 
goods stores, drummers for cheap jewelry 
firms, and so on. I name these occupations 
with some apprehension that, as they have not 
been used, the prophet of the Class of 1903 
will seize upon them to impart freshness to his 
screed next summer, and so I shall be answer- 
able for making the next prophecy even worse 
than those that have gone before. 

The rest of the Class Day exercises are 
admirable. The opening address is always 
dignified. The history gives ample scope for 
fun and for good-natured roasts, and it is 
usually in excellent taste. The parting 
address, also, is nearly always fine. It has 
brought the tears to my own eyes many a time. 
The closing exercises, too, are interesting and 
altogether commendable. The prophecy almost 
spoils the whole. It is a performance which 
Bowdoin ought long ago to have outgrown. 

I know the defence of the prophecy that 
will be made — that it is for the class and not 
for the audience in front of the speaker. But 
the plea means that the prophet supposes his 
classmates are so easily amused as to think 
it funny to predict that "Tom'' or "Jack" will 
be a hose-cart driver or that "Jim" will be a 
railroad station agent. Such a defence of the 
prophecy is insulting to the class, as the 
prophecy itself is insulting to the audience of 
outsiders. Edward Stanwood, '61. 

P. S. — Those figures " '61" indicate that I 
graduated just after the middle of the last 
century. But it will be no answer to this pro- 
test to say that it is the work of "an old 
crank," true as that assertion may be. 

The total enrollment of Yale University is 2,786, 
the largest in the history of the University. 

There is a type of man found represented in every 
class of modern American colleges from which we 
may expect a successful life. He does his college 
■work faithfully and stands well in his class. He 
takes part in student sports and student affairs with- 
out being pure athlete or impure class politician. 
He is clean in manners, morals and dress. He holds 
the solid respect of his class without being flabbily 
popular. He plans his work, keeps his appoint- 
ments, moves toward a goal, and spends no time 
watching himself grow. It matters little whether 
such a man is a valedictorian or not. — Benjamin 
Ide Wheeler. 


Freshmen ! beware of Hallowe'en ! 

F. Towne, '03, has returned to college. 

The Bowdoin Press Club will organize soon for 
the winter. 

B. E. Kelley, '02, and Fenley, '01, were on the 
campus last week. 

Tucker, '05, is back at college and is around the 
campus with the aid of a cane. 

Rev. Charles A. Moore of Rockland addressed 
the students at Chapel Sunday. 

Professor Chapman was elected vice-president of 
the Brunswick and Topsham festival chorus last 

Merrill, '02, has been appointed principal of the 
high school at Island Falls, Maine. He will enter 
upon his duties next week. 

John D. Rockefeller has offered to give Columbia 
$500,000, provided that it raises $190,000 to pay off 
its debt and $250,000 besides. 

The North Maine menagerie has recently 
admitted a new member in the form of a tame 
monkey named Muriel, imported from Roxbury, 

Prof. Robinson is attending, this week, the Con- 
ference of State and Municipal Boards of Health at 
New Haven, Conn., as the representative of the 
Maine Board. 

Dorticos, the captain, and Robinson, the coach, 
of the foot-ball team, University of Maine, were at 
the game Saturday. They said that "Bowdoin has 
a very strong team this year." 

Perkins, '03, has been chosen delegate to repre- 
sent the Alpha Rho Chapter of Kappa Sigma, at the 
fifteenth biennial grand conclave, to be held at New 
Orleans, La., November 26, 27, and 28. 

"Pop" Williams, our popular base-ball coach 
during the winter months, has returned from Chi- 
cago where he closed a very successful season. Mr. 
Williams will be with us again next winter in the 

The annual joint initiation banquet of the 
Bowdoin and Colby chapters of the Delta Upsilon 
Fraternity will be held at the Cony House, Augusta, 
Friday evening, October 31. A large attendance is 

At a meeting of the intercollegiate athletic asso- 
ciation, held last week, the protest against Schick, 
the Harvard sprinter, was sustained and Yale was 
awarded the intercollegiate track and field cham- 

President Hyde and Doctor Little are attending 
the annual meeting of the New England Associa- 
tion of College Presidents, held this Thursday and 
to-morrow under the auspices of Middlebury Col- 
lege, Vermont. 

November eighth will be the great foot-ball day 
in Maine. On that day Bowdoin meets Bates at 
Brunswick, and Colby meets Maine in Bangor 
November fifteenth will end the foot-ball season in 
Maine by the game between Bowdoin and Maine. 



Shorey and Clark, '04, have been appointed 
assistants at the gymnasium. 

E. H. Hathaway, Superintendent of the Rural 
Delivery Service for the whole United States, visited 
his son, Hathaway, '04, Sunday. 

Coaches Thompson of Colby and .O'Connor of 
Bowdoin were college friends, but the newspaper 
story that they roomed together is but a yarn. 

'74. — D. O. S. Lowell, of the Roxbury Latin 
School, delivered an address before the meeting of 
The Association of the Colleges and Preparatory 
Schools of New England, held at Dwight Hall, 
Yale University, on October 11. 

Next Saturday we play Amherst. This will be 
an important game, as it will be from this game 
that the Bowdoin team will be judged by the foot- 
ball world. Coach O'Connor is confident of a brill- 
iant showing. The team leaves Friday morning. 

The first debate in the new course was held 
Wednesday evening, October 15, according to the 
briefs printed elsewhere in the Orient. The affirm- 
ative speakers were Martin, '03, and Whitney, '04 ; 
the negative, Merrill, '04, and Cunningham, '04. The 
affirmative was voted the decision. Professor 
Mitchell presided and Professor Callender was critic. 

The change of time on L. B. & B. St. R. R. com- 
mencing Monday, October 27, as far as it affects 
Brunswick, is as follows : Cars leave Brunswick for 
Bath at 5.45, 7.20, 8.20, 9.20, 10.20, 11.20, and begin- 
ning at 12 m. every half hour until 10.30 p.m. Last 
car for Bath at 11.30 p.m. Cars leave for Lewiston 
at 6.30, 7.40, 8.40, 9.40, 10.40, 11.40 a.m.; 1.30, 2.30, 
3.30, 4.30, 5.30, 6.30, 7.30, 8.30, 9.30, 10.30. For 
Lisbon Falls only at 11.30 p.m. 

One of the most enthusiastic mass-meetings 
which have ever occurred at Bowdoin was held in 
Memorial Hall, Friday evening, October 24. Nearly 
the entire student body attended. The meeting was 
called to order by Coffin, '03, president of the 
Athletic Association. The following men spoke : C. 
T. Hawes, '76; Fogg, '02; Coach O'Connor, Man- 
ager Nutter, Martin, '03 ; Walker, '03. After the 
speaking, all joined in the rehearsal of the new 
foot-ball song. 

An elaborate hoax was worked in college last 
week by two of the students. With the aid of a 
fun-loving "cop" they caused their friends to sup- 
pose that they had been summoned to court for 
stealing jam at the Topsham Fair. Those who went 
down to court with them were fooled consummately 
and had to set up the treats. Then swearing secrecy 
the "dupes" and "duped" alike took up a considera- 
ble collection from the "frat" men of the alleged 
criminals, ostensibly to pay their fines, but virtually 
to buy a feed. 

Saturday, Nov. 1, Maine and Bates meet at Lew- 
iston. Maine will come down on a special train, 
prepared to keep up its record by preventing Bates 
from scoring and by running up a big figure itself. 
Last year the Bowdoin students cheered for Maine. 
This year the contingent present, if they cheer for 
their own interests, will waive the general friendship 
which Bowdoin men have for Maine and will yell 
for Bates. For it looks now as if a victory by Bates 
over Maine would help us towards the champion- 
ship as few victories could. 

Shaughnessy, '03, Grant, '04, and Harper, '04, 
have been appointed teachers in the night school 
which will open November 10. Shaughnessy has been 
appointed principal. 

'01. — Percy C. Giles has secured the position of 
postmaster of Peat, Philippine Islands. This makes 
an addition of nine hundred dollars to his present 
salary as teacher at the above place. 

A member of the Colby faculty at the game, 
Saturday, in conversation with a Bowdoin alumnus 
and others, declared that the dusky Colby halfback 
is in full and regular standing at college, but would 
not deny that funds from Colby alumni induced 
him to come to Colby and attend there. "How can 
we prevent an enthusiastic alumnus from showing 
his college loyalty in a way that seems to him rea- 
sonable?" said he. If a Bowdoin alumnus tried it, 
the chances are that it would be "prevented" in some 
way — even if it took the united action of the other 
colleges in Maine to do it. 

The annual meeting of the Maine Association of 
Colleges and Preparatory Schools was held at 
Augusta, Friday and Saturday, October 24 and 25. 
Bowdoin was represented by Professors Files, 
Woodruff, Houghton, and Moody. Professor Moody 
read a paper on "Helpful Reading for Teachers of 
Mathematics ;" Professor Woodruff one on "How 
Can Translation be Made Effective in Teaching 
English ?" Professor Houghton was elected Pres- 
ident of the classical section, which was organized 
for the first time. Of the officers of the Association 
for the ensuing year, the following are Bowdoin 
men : Vice-President, Principal H. K. White, '74. 
Bangor ; member Executive Committee, Professor 

President Hyde returned from his absence at 
Chicago, last Monday. It was a busy three weeks. 
Besides serving as University preacher at Chicago, 
he delivered addresses at the installation of the 
Presidents of Northwestern University and of the 
Rockford Woman's College, spoke before the Theo- 
logical Club of Chicago University, the Chicago Y. 
M. C. A., and the Apollos Club of clergymen, 
and was one of the speakers at the banquet of the 
Congregational Club. He got in touch with many 
Bowdoin alumni in the vicinity, and was given a 
lunch at the Chicago Club, October 20, at which 
the following alumni were present : Lysander Hill, 
'58; J. J. Herrick, '66; C. F. Kimball, '74; W. G. 
Beal, '77; G. B. Chandler, '90; W. R. Smith, '91; 
W. S. Bass, '96. 

Thursday evening Professor Houghton enter- 
tained the Classical Club at his home on the occa- 
sion of their organization. Professor Woodruff 
and Mr. Dyer were present ; and Simpson, '03, 
Bridgham, Emerson, Spear and Trott, '04, and 
Emery, Marston and Pettengill, '05. Professor 
Woodruff rendered a translation of Lysias' oration 
"For the Invalid." Professor Houghton explained 
some very rare original manuscripts and Latin texts 
of which he is the possessor. The Classical Club 
was formed with the following officers : President, 
Bridgham, '04; Vice-President, Simpson, '03; Sec- 
retary-Treasurer, Emery, '05. The society is com- 
posed of the professors and students already men- 
tioned. Meetings will probably be held every fort- 



Simpson, '03, represents the Portland Evening 
Express at college, this year. Cushing, '05, repre- 
sents the Kennebec Journal. Riley, '03, has the Bos- 
ton papers, the Bangor News, and the Lewiston 

The sun dials on the east, south, and west sides 
of the Hubbard Library are attracting considerable 
attention. The variation between local and standard 
time in Brunswick is about twenty minutes. The 
sun dials are only exactly correct to the local time 
twice a year, at the equinoxes, but are sufficiently 
accurate at all times for anyone who has a good 
Yankee aptitude at guessing. 

A new club has been formed in college, the name 
of which is the "Bowdoin College Gun Club." The 
purpose is the advancement of the interest in this 
branch of out-door recreation. A schedule has been 
arranged by which each kind of game counts a cer- 
tain number of points, and a valuable cup will be 
given at the end of the year to the most successful 
gunner in the club. The membership at present con- 
sists of twelve active members and one honorary 
member, Mr. O'Connor. The following officers have 
been elected : President, D. I. Gould, 1903 ; Secre- 
tary, A. P. Holt, 1903 ; Harris, Secretary and Treas- 
urer. The membership will be increased later. 

The following books have been recently added 
to the Library : "New France and New England," 
by John Fiske ; "The Romance of Leonardo da 
Vinci," by Dimitri Merjkowski; "South Carolina 
and the Revolution," by Edward McCrady ; "John 
Ruskin," by Frederick Harrison (In the English 
Men of Letters series) ; "George Eliot," by Leslie 
Stephen ; "Historical Studies of Church Build- 
ing," by C. E. Norton; "The Founder of Mor- 
monism," by I. W. Riley; "John James Audu- 
bon" (Beacon Biography Series), by John Bur- 
roughs ; "The Lawson History of the America's 
Cup," by Winfield M. Thompson and Thomas W. 
Lawson; "Daniel Webster," by J. B. McMaster ; 
"Views and Reviews," by W. E. Henly; "India," by 
Sir John Strachey; "The Administration of Depend- 
encies," by A. H. Snow; "Dona Luz," and "El 
Comendado Mendoza," by Juan Dalera ; "Jesus' 
Way,'" by President William DeWitt Hyde; 
"Government of Maine," by Professor William 
MacDonald ; "Henry Wadsworth Longfellow," by F. 
W. Higginson. 



General references : Arena VII. pp. 30-36 ; Arena 
VII. pp. 663-676; Atlantic Monthly LXVII. pp. 
34-44 ; Bliss Encyclopedia of Social Reform ; Bulle- 
tin of the Department of Labor, May 1902; Century 
IX., pp. 946-52 ; Forum I. pp. 307-313 ; Forum 
XVII.. pp. 14-9; "Conflicts of Labor and Capital;" 
"A Country without Strikes ;" "Industrial Arbitra- 
tion and Conciliation ;" "Industrial Peace ;" Quar- 
terly Journal of Economics, pp. 487-497 ; Yale 
Review, III. pp. 377-407. 

I. Introduction. 
(A) Some remedy is demanded, for (1) the pub- 
lic is too deeply involved in a large percentage of 
strikes and lockouts, for (a) in transportation com- 

panies' labor difficulties immense industries directly 
and indirectly dependent are paralyzed. (Chicago 
strike.) Arena XXVII. and Forum XVIII. (b) 
Industries connected with natural resources vitally 
affect the public when interfered with. (Recent coal 

(2) The recent economic evils are weighty 
for (a) much wealth is wasted, for (x) 
strikes from 1881-1886 cost $82,000,000. (Labor 
Commissioner's Report.) (y) Chicago strike cost 
$10,000,000. (Labor Commissioner's Report.) (z) 
Anthracite coal strike of 1902 cost $142,500,000. 
(New York Tribune, Oct. 18, 1902.) 

(3) The moral influence is deleterious, for (a) it 
instills a defiance of law and order and teaches 
decisions of might rather than right. (Arena VII. 
pp. 306.) 

Brief Proper. 

I. The public has fundamental and legal right 
to interfere in questions that affect its vital neces- 
sities. A. It has a direct legal right, because 
(1) companies and corporations must secure char- 
ters from the government which are the official 
organs of the public. (Arena VII. p. 30.) (2) 
Contracts either actual or understood are broken 
where labor difficulties take place. (Forum XVII. 
p. 14.) B. It has a fundamental right, because 
( 1 ) our constitution and the very principles of our 
race make the source of all power in the people. 

II. Other methods of settling labor disputes are 
ineffectual, for A. conciliation and voluntary arbi- 
tration even when successful involve an amount of 
time which the public cannot spare. B. Past expe- 
rience has shown their ineffectualness, for (1) in 
France the boards have shown their inability to 
stand alone, handling about 990 of the labor dis- 
putes, the remainder going to the Compulsory Arbi- 
tration Board. (Lloyd p. 160; Bliss p. 80; Price pp. 
73-96 ; Yale Review pp. 377-397 ; Arena XVII. p. 
671 ; Century IX. p. 940. (2) In England, save in 
a few isolated instances, it has failed, 900 cases up 
to June, 1897, being unterminated by conciliation. 
(Lloyd p. 160.) (3) In Denmark it failed to recon- 
cile a lockout in which half the laboring class was 
involved. (Lloyd p. 17.) (4) In Germany in 1896 
it failed to prevent 483 strikes, settling only 20. 
(Lloyd p. 160.) (5) In the United States it has 
been tried in seven states and has proved a farce. 
(Quarterly Journal of Economics, pp. 377-407.) (6) 
In New Zealand where it has proved so successful 
the Conciliation Board has handled not quite one- 
half of the cases brought before it. (Bulletin of 
the Department of Labor pp. 552-3.) 

III. We have a good precedent, for the system 
has given satisfaction in New Zealand, because A. 
If conciliation is unsuccessful the disputants must 
arbitrate. (Lloyd p. 119.) B. There "fixing" 
wages by law" and "making men work by law," for 
(Bulletin of Labor, May, p. 557) (1) the law only 
says that if they work it must be without strikes 
and lockouts. C. The court is free from petty 
matters, because (1) the court only deals with 
organized labor. (2) The offending party is fined 
the cost of the court. D. Any class of labors may 
obtain a hearing, for (1) seven men may form a 
union and demand justice. (Lloyd, p. 18.) 
E. Laborers and employers are equally rep- 
resented, for (1) the court consists of three 
men, — a Judge of the Supreme Court, a workman 



and an employer. (Bulletin of the Department of 
Labor for May, 1902.) F. This court may employ 
experts and compel the attendance of witnesses and 
the production of record books. G. The proceed- 
ings are simple, informal and cheap. H. Employ- 
ers' rivals are made subject to each other's awards 
if the court so wishes. (Lloyd, p. 100.) I. The 
law can not be evaded or ignored, because (1) 
trifling with awards is liable to be expensive, for 
(Lloyd, p. 27) (a) fines are imposed. (2) Sweep- 
ing statements must be proved in court. J. Public 
opinion is. correctly informed. (Lloyd, p. 31.) K. 
Strikes and lockouts have been stopped, "while, with 
one exception, possibly, industries have not been 
affected by the act." (Bulletin of the Dept. of 
Labor for May, p. SSS-) 

IV. The awards of the court would be enforced, 
for A. to the manufacturers the court would say, 
"Obey the order of the court or close your business." 
B. Laborers would obey the award, for (1) they are 
represented in the giving of the award. (Arena 17, p. 
674.) (2) They already accept the unjust decisions 
of the employers. (3) In France and New Zealand 
men accept decisions and act accordingly. 

Geo. B. Whitney and S. O. Martin. 

Resolved, That the policy of compulsory arbi- 
tration of labor disputes should be adopted in the 
United States. 


General references : Industrial Conciliation and 
Arbitration (Carroll D. Wright); Forum XVIII.; 
Quarterly Journal of Economics I. ; Hadley's Eco- 
nomics ; Forum XV.; Practical Sociology (Wright) ; 
Forum 1886, Vol. I.; Statesman's Year Book. 

Introductory: In the world of industry there 
arise disputes between capital and labor. These, 
when protracted, result in strikes and lockouts 
which cause suffering and inconvenience, not only 
to the laborer and employer, but to the general 
public as well. The affirmative attempt to prove 
that these will be obviated by compulsory arbitra- 
tion and we deny their proposition. There are four 
different forms of arbitration: 1, compulsory; 2, vol- 
untary, with state control ; 3, voluntary established 
in each industry without state control ; 4, voluntary 
boards for the separate cases. (T. M. Cooley in 
Forum, Vol. I., pp. 311-12.) 

Brief Proper. 

Compulsory arbitration should not be adopted in 
the United States. 

I. Compulsory arbitration cannot be successfully 
carried out in the United States. For: 

A. We have from the history of arbitration no 
instances where it has been successful under similar 
conditions. 1. It failed in England (a) because 
the manufacturer and employer did not like the com- 
pulsory part. (Carroll D. Wright, Industrial Concil- 
iation and Arbitration, p. 8.) 2. From the case 
of New Zealand we can draw no analogy to the case 
of the United States (a) because trade and manu- 
facturing conditions are different; (x) trades and 
manufactures being less extended and lacking the 

great combinations of capital; (y) the railroads 
being owned by the state. (Statesman's Year 
Book.) (b) Because there have been no great dif- 
ferences to settle. (U. S. Labor Dept. of Bulletin 
No. 40, May, 1902.) (c) Because the majority of the 
decisions of any importance have been against the 
employer, (x) This is no fair test, for the method 
of enforcement favors the laborer rather than the 
capitalist. (Hadley's Economics p. 358.) 

B. For the decrees cannot be enforced justly. 
For (1) they cannot be enforced against the laborer 
as against the employer. (2) For a laborer cannot 
be compelled to work on an arbitrator's award, (x) 
Because they have no money to pay damages on 
refusal, (y) Because if you imprison them you do 
not attain the purpose aimed at. (z) Because if 
you force them against their will the result is slave 
labor, (b) For the capitalist can be controlled, (x) 
Because he has amassed an amount of wealth with 
which he can pay his fines. 

C. For decrees cannot be enforced without harm 
to both sides. 1. For if there is a regime of com- 
pulsory arbitration the capitalist would be afraid to 
invest, (a) For this was true in the United States 
under the boycott system in 1886. (Hadley's Eco- 
nomics 358-9.) 2. For this system also harms the 
laborer, (a) For if the capitalist refuses to invest, 
business contracts and throws the laborer out of 
work. (Hadley's Economics, 358-9.) 

II. Compulsory arbitration would be difficult of 
establishment, for : A. Courts would be obliged to 
have all power of present law courts and even more, 
for they would have to have power of summoning 
parties before them. 2. They would also have to 
have power to enforce their decrees. (Forum 15, 
p. 324.) B. Enforcement of decrees would be 
etxremely difficult. 1. In case of employer, it is 
hardly possible to compel him to continue his busi- 
ness against his will. (T. M. Cooley in Forum, 18, 
p. 14.) 2. Laborers could be forced to obey the 
decrees of the court only with great difficulty, if 
they chose to refuse; for (a) if a man refuses to 
work he cannot legally be forced to do so. (T. M. 
Cooley, Forum 18, p. 18.) (b) If a laborer returns 
to labor involuntarily his work is of little value to 
the community. 

C. Results of compulsory arbitration upon pub- 
lic would be likely to be bad, for (1) if producer 
kept open his factory at a loss to himself he would, 
probably, adopt one of two courses: (a) Adulterate 
his goods sufficiently to enable him to make a profit 
at existing prices. (C. D. Wright, Forum 15, p. 
326) or (b) he forms combines with other producers 
of same article in order to keep up prices 
sufficient to pay profit. (C. D. Wright, Forum 15, 
p. 327.) In either case an injury to public is the 
result. 2. Compulsory arbitration tends to a legal 
fixing of prices and wages, which cannot be a suc- 
cess. (C. D. Wright, Practical Sociology, p. 299.) 

Compulsory arbitration is impracticable in theory 
and has not shown up well in practice : therefore 
should not be adopted in the United States. 

E. F. Merrill and T. W. Cunningham. 

Harvard registers a total of 4,166 this year and 
Yale, in the academic department, 1,156. 




The number of students enrolled in elective 
courses this term are as follows : 

Biology 2 27 

Biology 5 17 

Chemistry 1 50 

Chemistry 3 34 

Debating 22 

Economics 1 59 

Economics 7 56 

English Literature 1 58 

English Literature 4 32 

French 4 34 

French 7 15 

Geology 1 23 

German 4 26 

German 7 11 

German 10 IS 

Greek 4 4 

Greek and Latin (half course) 6 

History 4 28 

History 7 31 

History 10 29 

Latin 4 6 

Latin 7 1 

Mathematics 4 . 11 

Mathematics 7 6 

Philosophy I 75 

Physics 1 30 

Physics 3 5 

Shopwork 1 6 

Spanish 1 12 

Y. M. C. A. 

The hall was crowded at three o'clock, last Sun- 
day, to hear Rev. Smith Baker of Portland for the 
second time. His address was directly an appeal 
to the noble emotions which every man has rather 
than to the intellect alone. He plead for a personal 
religion which inspires rather than a system of 
ethics which is admired. It was a stirring address 
which impressed the audience as but few of the pre- 
vious talks before the Association have done. 

There was a solo last Sunday by Mrs. Percy of 
Bath, with 'cello obligato by Miss Winchell of 
Brunswick and piano accompaniment by Mrs. Dun- 
can of Bath. 

Last Sunday the Association had a visitor in 
Mr. T. Jays of England, who was one of the most 
popular of the many earnest speakers at the Toronto 
Convention last winter. We are very sorry that 
Mr. Jays had no chance in his short visit to address 
the Association, but the few who made his personal 
acquaintance feel that his stay was well worth while. 

Next Sunday the service will be again after 
chapel. The speaker will be President White of 
Colby. President White has never spoken at Bow- 
doin before ; he is said to be one of the finest speak- 
ers in the State. 

Last Thursday evening the leader was Emerson, 
'04, and a goodly gathering was present. 

This Thursday evening comes ' the first mission- 
ary meeting of the term. Let everyone turn out. 


Colby 16, Bowdoin 5. 

Saturday, October 25, proved an ideal day for 
foot-ball, and about 1,200 people gathered on Whittier 
Field to witness the game. An hour before the 
game was called, the grand-stand was filled with 
alumni and students, together with their sweet- 
hearts and friends. The west section of the stand 
was reserved for the students, who, led by the Glee 
Club with John Greene, '03, as director, rendered the 
singing and cheering the most efficient for years. 

The game was scheduled to commence at 3 
o'clock, but it was twenty-five minutes past when the 
referee's whistle sounded. Bowdoin kicked off to 
Colby, but as the ball went out of bounds twice, 
Colby kicked off to Bowdoin. By steady gains Bow- 
doin ploughed through Colby's line nearly the entire 
length of the field advancing the ball from her own 
five-yard line to Colby's one-yard line. 
Colby then held for downs. Colby advanced 
the ball about 25 yards, but was forced to punt. 
Bowdoin again rushed the ball nearly up to 
Colby's goal line, but lost the ball on a fumble. The 
half ended with the ball in the center of the field, 
neither side having scored, although Bowdoin had 
played in Colby's territory nearly the entire half. 

In the second half Colby kicked off to Bowdoin. 
Bowdoin rushed the ball for a few yards, then Colby 
held for downs. Watkins, Colby's colored halfback, 
took the ball for a 46-yard run on a trick play for a 
touchdown. Keene failed to kick the goal. 

Colby only made 25 yards after the kick-off before 
Bowdoin held for downs. Bowdoin then advanced 
the ball 10 yards, but lost it on a fumble. Watkins 
vvas given the ball on a play through tackle. By 
phenomenal running and dodging he ran 95 yards 
without interference for a touchdown. Colby made 
her third touchdown by line bucking. Bowdoin 
showed her grit and endurance by making a touch- 
down in the last five minutes of play. 

The summary : 

Colby Bowdoin. 

Pugsley, 1. e r. e., Porter. 

Keene ( Capt. ) , 1. t r. t., Connors. 

Washburn, 1. g r. g., Hatch. 

r. g., Havey. 

Cotton, c c., Staples. 

Thomas, r. g 1. g., Shaw. 

Cowing, r t ' 1. t., Davis. 

McLellan, r t. 

Mitchell, r. e 1. e., Philoon. 

Abbott, q. b q. b., Perkins. 

Coombs, 1. h. b r. h. b., Bates. 

r. h. b., Chapman. 
Watkins, r. h. b 1. h. b., Munro (Capt.) 

1. h. b., Winslow. 

Levine, f. b f . b., Finn. 

f. b., Wilson. 

Score — Colby 16, Bowdoin 6. Touchdowns — 
Watkins 2, Levine, Wilson. Goals from touch- 
downs — Keene, Philoon. Umpire — O'Sullivan of 
Holy Cross. Referee — Tom Kelley of Portland. 
Linesmen — BIy of Bowdoin, Brooks of Colby. 
Time — 30- and 25-minute halves. 



The foot-ball practice will be light this week, so 
that the men may be in good condition for the 
Amherst game. Next week the team will be given 
hard practice in preparation for the Bates game. 

Joseph Gumbel, '06, has set a commendable 
example to Bowdoin underclassmen. He has offered 
a silver cup to the player on the Bowdoin team who 
shall distinguish himself most in the three Maine 
games. The prize to be awarded by a committee. 
The cup is known as the O'Connor Cup, in honor of 
our efficient coach. It will surely be highly prized 
by its winner. 

Manager Nutter announced at the mass-meeting, 
Friday night, that the annual punting contest would 
be held the Wednesday after the University of 
Maine game ; also that the games chosen by the 
athletic council for earning the foot-ball "B's" this 
year were Colby, Amherst, Bates and University of 
Maine. Playing in the whole of two or parts of 
three of these earns a man his "B." 


The Sophomores tied the Juniors in the best fall 
track meet held on Whittier Field, October 22. As 
the foot-ball men were prohibited from taking part, 
the success of the meet was seriously affected. 
Scarcely a third of the men entered, competed, yet 
considerable interest was aroused by the rivalry 
between the Juniors and Sophomores for first place. 
It was a cold, raw day, so that records in the events 
were very poor. Several encouraging possibilities 
in the way of new material were nevertheless indi- 
cated, and thus the main purpose of the meet accom- 

The following is the summary of the events : 

100 yards dash — Won by Weld, 1905 ; second. 
Sweeney, 1904; third, Jenks, 1906. Time, io^s. 

440-yards dash — Won by Gray, 1903 ; second, 
Nutter, 1903; third, Everett, 1904. Time, 57 3-5S. 

120-yards hurdle — Won by Pierce, 1903 ; second, 
Webb, 1905 ; third, Clark, 1904. Time, 20s. 

220-yards dash — Won by Clarke, 1905 ; second, 
Everett! 1904; third, Riley, 1903. Time, 29 1-5S. 

220-yards hurdle — Won by Rowe, 1904; second, 
Webb, 1905; third, Riley, 1903. Time, 29 1-5S. 

Half-mile run — Won by Shorey, 1905; second.. 
Pierce, 1903 ; third, Sawyer, 1904. Time, 2.34 4-5. 

Shot-put — Won by Denning, 1905 ; second. 
Herms, 1904 ; third, Simpson, 1906. Record, 35 feet. 

High jump — Won by Clark, 1904; second, Pierce, 
1903 ; third, Sweeney, 1904, and Weld, 1905, tied. 
Height, S ft. 2 in. 

Throwing hammer — Won by Denning, 1905 ; sec- 
ond, Herms, 1904. No third. Record, 115 ft. 5 in. 

Pole vault — Won by Sweeney, 1904; second, 
Allen, 1904; third, Hill, 1905. Height, 8 ft. 2 in. 

Throwing discus — Won by Denning, 1905 ; sec- 
ond, Webber, 1906; third, Herms, 1904. Record, 96 
ft 5 in. 

Broad jump — Won by Sweeney, 1904; second, 
Weld, 1905 ; third, Stimpson, 1906. Record, 18 ft. 

4 J A in- 
Summary of points : 1904, 40H ; 1905, 40^ ; 1903, 
20 ; 1906, 6. 


M. '55, and '80. — Among the recent nominations 
made by Governor Hill are the following : 

Justices of the Peace and Quorum — Sevilla A. 
Bennett, M. '55, of Norway; Thomas H. Riley, '80, 
of Brunswick. 

76. — John A. Morrill, Esq., of Auburn, who has 
charge of the revision of the Public Laws of Maine, 
is making rapid progress in the preparation of his 
index. It is a difficult matter, and requires a great 
deal of time and attention to compile an accurate 
and comprehensive index of the laws, but Mr. Mor- 
rill believes that he will be able to have the work 
completed in season for the legislature to pass upon 
it at an early date in the approaching session. 

'94-'99. — The State Board of Bar Examiners has 
issued certificates during the last week to fifteen 
young men, of whom nine are Bowdoin graduates, 
as follows: 

Frank G. Farrington, '94, of Augusta. 

Harry C. Wilbur, '94, of Portland. 

Herbert J. Dudley, '95, of Calais. 

James E. Rhodes, 2d, '97, of Rockland. 

Howard R. Ives, '98, of Portland. 

Harold F. Dana, '99, of Portland. 

Frank L. Dutton, '99, of Augusta. 

Loton D. Jennings, '99, of Wayne. 

Walter S. M. Kelley, '99, of Portland. 

'98. — On Thursday, October 23, occurred the mar- 
riage of Dr. Ernest L. Hall, '98, of Augusta, and 
Miss Florence S. Hayes, of Oxford, the ceremony 
taking place at the home of the bride's parents. 
The groom was attended by Dr. F. H. Mead, '95, 
of Melrose, Mass., who was his college friend at 
Bowdoin. Dr. and Mrs. Hall will make their home 
a! Augusta. 

'98.— Frank A. Thompson, member of the Legisla- 
ture from Bristol, Me., is winning great success 
down in North Carolina as general manager of the 
Cape Fear Fisheries Company. This company is one 
of the largest in the world. Mr. Thompson has 
made many friends while in the Legislature and all 
will be glad to learn of his success. 

1900. — H. O. Bacon has returned from Colorado 
and is dangerously ill at his home in Natick, Mass. 

1900. — W. B. Woodbury is teaching at the High 
School, Hanover, N. H., the position formerly occu- 
pied by Kaharl, '99. 

'01. — Harry S. Coombs and Miss Jane Belle 
Coombs of Bath were married Oct. 1. They will 
reside at 56 Howe Street, Lewiston, Me. 

'01. — G. L. Pratt has finished his duties as coach 
of the Eastern Maine Seminary foot-ball team, and 
gone to the hospital at Rockland, where he will 
study before returning to the Medical School this 

M. '01. — The marriage of Dr. Fred E. Wheeler, 
M. '01, of West Paris, and Miss Annie L. Williams 
of Bath, occurred Wednesday, October 22, at Grace 
Episcopal Church of Bath. They will reside in 
West Paris, where Dr. Wheeler has a fine practice 
and excellent prospects. 

'02. — W. L. Flye has secured a fine position as 
electrician in the office of the New York Telephone 
and Telegraph Co. 



No. 15. 





Clement F. Robinson, 1903, Editor-in-Chief. 

Farnsworth G. Marshall, 1903, Business Manager. 

William T. Eowe, 1904, Assistant Editor-in-Chief. 
Harold J. Everett, 1904, Assistant Business Manager. 

Associate Editors. 
S. C. W. Simpson, 1903. E. H. B. Burroughs, 1905. 

S. T. Dana, 1904. W. S. Cushing, 1905. 

John W. Frost, 1904. W. F. Finn, Jr., 1905. 

A. L. MoCobb, 1905. 

Per annum, in advance, 
Per Copy, 

10 Cents. 

Please address business communications to the Business 
lanager, and all other contributions to the Editor-in-Chief. 

Entered at the Post-Office at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 

Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston. 

The Congregational Church of Brunswick 
has been obliged sorrowfully to accept the 
resignation of its pastor, this fall, on account 
of his ill-health. In losing Dr. Mason not 
only does the church lose a faithful minister, 
but the college loses the active service of a true 
friend. The Orient cannot let the oppor- 
tunity pass of expressing for the students 
present and the students who have been in 
Bowdoin during the eleven years of his pastor- 
ate, the deep sympathy which they feel for Dr. 
Mason himself, and their sense of loss when 
they realize that his familiar figure will no 
more be seen as the regular occupant of the 
pulpit of the Church on the Hill. He is not a 
Bowdoin man by graduation, but he is a Bow- 
doin man in interests, and we trust ever will 

be, — a friend of every student in the future as 
he has been in the past. It would be idle to 
try to reckon up the great influence which his 
sermons and prayers and personality have had 
on students, however carelessly inattentive the 
men have sometimes appeared, to their shame 
be it said. We hope that Dr. Mason may have 
before him many years of the quiet peace 
which he has so well earned. 

Most important action was taken by the 
Faculty, last Monday, in re-arranging the 
courses for Freshman year. Hereafter, 
instead of the eight or nine separate classes 
into which the Freshman Class has always been 
divided according to the studies offered for 
admission, the whole class will be divided into 
two general divisions. Those who enter on 
Greek will be required to continue that study 
for another year, while those who do not enter 
on Greek will be required to take either 
Physics or History. As explained in last 
week's Orient, all Freshman studies except 
Mathematics will be made three hours a week 
courses, as well as Elementary German and 
possibly Economics. Of course these changes 
will necessitate an entire revision of the 
schedule and a re-arranging of several of the 

This action of the Faculty makes a radical 
change in the college work. One of the most 
obvious results is a great simplifying of the 
courses for Freshman year by doing away with 
the rather complicated system of classes now 
in vogue. But a more important result than 
this is a future one which can already be dimly 
foreseen. Greek is now required for only a 
portion of the Freshman Class, and it is only a 
short step to making it purely elective. When 
that time comes, the Freshman studies will be 



Mathematics, English, Latin, Hygiene and 
Elocution, French or German, according to 
which is offered for admission, and either 
Greek, Physics, or History. This will leave 
German as the only required study for Sopho- 
more year, and even that will not be required 
for those who have already taken it. 

Maine has beaten Colby; Bates has beaten 
Maine ; Bowdoin must beat Bates. The suc- 
cess of our foot-ball season centers in this 
game; our athletic representation is at stake. 
It is for Bowdoin to wipe out the disgraceful 
score at Lewiston last year and show Bates a 
game of real foot-ball. Every man who is 
fortunate enough to be chosen to represent 
Bowdoin in the line-up next Saturday, must 
feel the responsibility and confidence placed in 
him and play as he never played before. He 
owes it to Bowdoin; he owes it to Coach 
O'Connor. Never before has a Bowdoin 
foot-ball team had the benefit of such excel- 
lent, thorough and conscientious coaching as 
the team of 1902 ; on this account a disastrous 
season is the more humiliating. We cannot 
cry as an excuse this year "poor coaching." 
Everything possible has been done for the team 
by the management. The responsibility now 
rests with the team. Shall it be defeat or 
victory ? 

Our friend, the Colby Echo, fills its last 
issue with a varied assortment of slurs on 
Bowdoin, in the fond hope that the Orient 
will condescend to reply. It would be hardly 
dignified for us to pursue all these allega- 
tions, but a few remarks may be appropriately 
made. We are surprised that the Echo is so 
sensitive in regard to the "mucker element" it 
discerned among the spectators at the game 
October 25. The kind of a crowd that gathers 
at a big game at Waterville has won a peculiar 
reputation of its own, and visiting teams do 
not charge its "mucker shouts" to the general 
body of Colby students, who are regarded as 

truly sportsmanlike. At the game at Bruns- 
wick there was an impression, which may have 
been unjust, that the best of the Colby players 
were hired men, and this feeling may have led 
to the shouts on the part of misguided friends 
of the Brunswick college which trouble the 
tender Colby conscience. 

If the Colby writer will look up the custom 
elsewhere, he will find that the home team no 
more furnishes a water boy for the other team 
than in a base-ball game it furnishes a boy to 
carry the visitors' bat-bag. As a matter of 
fact, however, the water boy at the game in 
question was at the beck of the Colby and 
Bowdoin players alike ; and it was surely some- 
one else than the Bowdoin manager who 
directed an inquiring Colby player to warmer 
regions below when he asked for water. 

It is unfortunate that the newspapers 
should offend the tender feeling of our Water- 
ville friends by comparing the general playing 
of the two teams aside from the score. We 
shall note with pleasure the precedent Colby 
apparently intends to set of giving up this 
additional consolation of the friends of a 
defeated team, and shall frankly commend the 
silence which is going to follow in the Colby 
ranks on future occasions, when it is Colby 
teams which are defeated by "flukes." 

We can boast of our athletic teams, debat- 
ing teams and musical clubs, but there is one 
thing we lack and that is a dramatics club. In 
this respect We are behind our sister colleges, 
not only in this State, but in other states. If 
we did not have the material there would be a 
good excuse, but having this there is no possi- 
ble reason why we should not be represented 
in the dramatic world. Short trips through 
Maine during the winter term and a long trip 
through Massachusetts during the Easter 
vacation would be a good drawing card for the 
college, and moreover, would be a source of 
gratification to our alumni. The Orient has 
brought up this matter before, and will con- 



tinue to harp on it at intervals until some sort 
of a sentiment is created. 

With the number of strong fellows here at 
Bowdoin, there is no reason why we cannot 
compete with our sister colleges in strength 
tests. This would be an incentive for the stu- 
dent body to visit the Gymnasium more than 
they do. The Orient urges that a deter- 
mined effort be made to enter representatives 
for the New England Intercollegiate strength 
test which is held during the winter term. A 
few years ago a Bowdoin man was the strong- 
est undergraduate in America ; it is not 
unlikely, judging from the results of the tests 
taken of the Freshmen, that we have to-day 
men who would compare almost as favorably 
with the representatives of other colleges. 

To the Editor of the Orient: 

Dear Sir — In order to save space in the 
catalogue it has seemed best to omit a state- 
ment there of the rules governing the competi- 
tion for the two history prizes, and in order 
that the matter may be laid before the under- 
graduates I ask permission to use your col- 
umns. Mr. Curtis is anxious that the prize 
founded by him should be open to any man 
who is capable of winning it, and as the exper- 
imental rules of last season did not result in as 
large a competition as was desired, the follow- 
ing simplification has been decided on. Any 
one except previous prize-winners in this com- 
petition may try. The prize will be awarded 
on the basis of an essay between 10,000 and 
20,000 words in length and an oral examina- 
tion on the subject of the essay in which the 
student must defend his statements and con- 
clusions. The essay will be due May 1 and 
the examination will take place before June 1. 

A change in rules governing the competi- 
tion for the European History Prize has also 
been made. Any one having a grade of over 
C in each of the three terms of European His- 
tory may compete. The prize will be awarded 
to the writer of the best essay, of between 

5,000 and 15,000 words in length. The topics 
for the essay will be announced later, and the 
essay will be due June 1. 
I am 

Yours truly, 

Alfred L. P. Dennis. 


Resolved, That the policy which the United 
States has adopted towards Cuba should be adopted 
towards the Philippine Islands. 


General References: Report of Philippine Com- 
mission of 1900; Congressional Record, 57th Con- 
gress, first session; Articles in Outlook and World's 
Work; Annals American Academy, Vols. 16, 18; 
Conquest of America, Smythe ; America in the 
Orient, Conant; Carl Schurz' Address Before Anti- 
Imperialist Convention, 1899; miscellaneous publica- 
tion by Anti-Imperialist League and Philippine 
Information Society. 


(1) Certain events have happened in four years 
in Cuba ; certain other events in the Philippines. 
(2) First necessary question : What has been the 
policy toward Cuba of the United States ? Answer : 
Spain was driven out by the United States, Cuba 
governed by the United States with the Cubans help- 
ing. When order had been established and prepara- 
tions for substantial government were made, the 
United States withdrew, leaving Cuba independent, 
but bound by agreement (Piatt Amendment) to give 
the United States certain privileges. Essence of 
policy: United States did not withdraw until it could 
leave stable popular government behind. This took, 
from the individuality of the situation, twenty 
months, during which the United States was in 
power in Cuba. (3) In regard to the Philippines: 
affirmative will waive past history and the stand 
taken by rabid "anti-imperialists" that United States 
never had any business in the Philippines, and will 
admit, with negative that, once in the islands as a 
military measure, modern international relations 
would not admit of our leaving islands incontinently. 
Affirmative will try to prove that, as in Cuba, the 
United States should leave the islands independent 
sovereignty at the earliest possible moment. Essence 
of policy : United States to withdraw when stable 
popular government can be left behind. This should 
not take longer than six years, — a longer time than 
it did in Cuba, we will admit, because of reasons 
inhering in the situation, which make immediate 
withdrawal impracticable. (4) The negative must 
attack us by :. (a) denying the wisdom of applying 
to the Philippines such policy; (b) affirmatively, by 
defending indefinite or permanent retention of Phil- 
ippines, showing that such policy will be the best, 
first, for the United States; second and secondarily, 
for the Islands. 




f. Permanent retention is contrary to American 
principles, past and present. A. It will bring on 
militarism, as in other colonizing nations. I. Army 
and navy will be needed to protect islands. 2. Pen- 
sion list will increase and taxes rise. B. The Mon- 
roe Doctrine is overturned by permanent retention. 
(Hoar's May 22 speech.) C. The American principle 
of government resting on the general consent of the 
governed is given up. (1) Lincoln said, "No man 
is fit to govern another man without that other man's 
consent." D. Previous expansion of United States 
has been into contiguous territory, where general 
consent of inhabitants existed. 

II. Permanent retention not expedient for 
United States : for A. It is not advisable commer- 
cially; for I. The government of the islands will cost 
more than the trade from them. A. We want the 
important world trades rather than the insignificant 
ones. 2. Industrial expansion requires security as 
a basis rather than political control. A. Security 
given by guarantee similar to Piatt Amendment. 3. 
It is not necessary to hold the Philippine Islands in 
order to share in other Oriental trade, (a) Our 
Pacific coast will serve as a base as well, (b) All 
the United States wants in China is the Open Door, 
(c) Coaling station given by guarantee similar to 
Piatt Amendment. B. United States does not need 
to expand into' new territory. I. It has room enough 
now. 2. The money spent by government in hold- 
ing these territories might be more profitably spent 
in present territory. (Smythe.) C. Even waiving 
Constitutional right to rule colonies, American sys- 
tem is not calculated for controlling subject peoples. 
I. At home the civil service is still weak, and many 
states governed by bosses. The tendency for bad 
system to extend to dependency governed 10,000 
miles away would be great. 2. If Philippines 
should seek to become state, precedent would sup- 
port them ; for (a) previous territory acquired by 
United States has been given statehood, (b) Pol- 
iticians have in past been ready to grant statehood 
when it would politically benefit themselves, as Utah 
and the rest. 3. American popular tendency to 
regard them as "niggers" would lead to disregarding 
their rights in ruling them from the United States. 
How have we governed black people in the South? 
D. International obligations of United States do 
not require any more than to leave a stable govern- 
ment in the Philippine Islands. 1. That was done 
in Cuba and in Mexico. E. Our title for permanent 
holding of them is weak. I. It rests on an unjust 
bargain. 2. It breaks our implied faith, for we 
promised to free Cuba and did, and the two situa- 
tions are essentially the same. 

III. Permanent retention would be worse for the 
Filipinos themselves. A. Left to themselves, they 
will eventually evolve a government of their own 
which will be efficient. 1. Mexicans and Cubans 
have done so. 2. Other South American states are 
better off than if they had been held in tutelage by 
another power. 3. Parts of the islands are now 
self-governing (Moros) according to their own 
ideas. 4. Christian Filipinos have given evidence of 
ability and inclination to rule themselves. (a) 
They have fought for independence, (b) Those who 
do not desire admittance as a state to the United 

States, desire independence, which shows they wish 
to rule themselves, (c) Many Filipinos already hold 
places of honor and trust under United States civil 
government. 5. A government formed by the 
people themselves will teach them to govern better 
than any amount of tutelage. B. They would never 
be content as a subject people. 1. Even the federal 
party demands to be a state in the American Union. 

Affirmative argument summed up, and point 
enforced that it proves that according to our policy 
in Cuba so is it expedient for us to rule the Philip- 
pine Islands for the time until they have the skele- 
ton of an orderly government established, and then 
best for us and for them to leave them started on 
the independent existence, within six years at least, 
with special guarantees to United States that our 
rights will be safeguarded. 

C. F. Robinson and D. I. Gould. 

General references : Report of General Wood on 
Cuba; Speech of Senator Lodge, March 7, 1900; 
Speech -of Senator Hoar on Philippines, Congres- 
sional Record, January 9, 1900; Letter of Senator 
'Hoar to Boston Herald, Globe, and Journal, 1900; 
Report of First Philippine Commission, Senate doc- 
uments Vol. 44; Robinson, A. G., Result in Cuba 
(Indp. Vol. 83, p. 1464-1470) ; Message of President 
Roosevelt, 1901 ; The Opinions of an American in 
the Philippines (World's Work, July, 1902, p. 2350- 
2352) ; Speech of General Funston (Congressional 
Records, Vol. 35, No. 120, p. 4643) ; H. C. Lodge 
and E. O. Wolcott (Expansionist Vol. I. p. 88); 
Fiske's West Indies p. 224-258; The United States 
in the Orient, C. A. Conant. 

I. Introduction. 
Statement of question. 


A. The Filipinos are not capable of self-govern- 
ment, for 1. They do not form a nation or a people, 
for (a) there are three different groups, the 
Negritos, the Indomsians and the Malayans, which 
groups are divided into eighty-four different tribes, 
speaking fifty or sixty different languages. 
(Report of First Philippine Commission p. 13 and 
14.) 2. Their education is very meagre, for (a) 
Spanish regulations have provided for only two 
primary teachers to every five thousand inhabitants, 
while as a matter of fact there has actually been but 
one teacher to every three thousand five hundred 
inhabitants. (Report of Philippine Commission p. 
18.) 3. The government by Spain has not been 
such as to prepare them for self-government, for (a) 
the governors have been too arbitrary; (b) the 
government has been too largely confined to Manila. 
(Report of Philippine Commission p. 121.) (c) There 
have been no ways for the people to make their 
wants known. (Report of Philippine Commission p. 
121. (d) There has been a wrong system of taxa- 
tion. (Report of Philippine Commission p. 121.) 
(e) Religion has been too largely confused with the 
government. (Report of Philippine Commission p. 



B. The better class do not desire self-govern- 
ment. (Bishop 'Potter. Outlook Vol. 72.) Report 
of Philippine Commission Vol. II.) 

C. The United States has a legal right to retain 
the Philippines, for (a) it was done in the case of 
Louisiana, (b) It was done in the case of Florida, 
(c) It has been done in the case of Alaska. (Sen- 
ator Lodge's Speech March 7, 1900; Congressional 
Record, page 2759.) 

D. It is the moral duty of the United 
States to retain the Philippine Islands if they 
are incapable of self-government, for 1. If left to 
themselves anarchy would prevail, for (a) it pre- 
vailed in Haiti and San Domingo in similar circum- 
stances. (Fiske's West Indies, page 224-258.) 

It is for the advantage of the United States to 
retain the Philippines, for I. The United States would 
derive commercial advantages from them. (The 
United States in the Orient, C. A. Conant.) 
(Speech of Senator Lodge March 7, 1900.) 

G. H. Campbell and G. E. Kimball. 


W. S. Black, Bowdoin, '88, was on the campus 
last week. 

The Sophomore Physics class has begun work in 
the Laboratory. 

President Hyde preached at the Congregational 
Church last Sunday. 

Editor Robinson of the Orient is confined in 
the house with tonsilitis. 

President Hyde will be the college preacher at 
Amherst College on Sunday, December 7. 

Archibald, '04, is organist at the Congregational 
Church during the vacation of Miss Ward. 

Professor Lee has in his possession a New Bruns- 
wick postage stamp, said to be valued at $175. 

Emerson, '04, leaves for Unity, Maine, this week, 
where he will teach for the rest of this college year. 

Because of the illness of Professor Mitchell 
adjourns were given in his classes last Friday and 

J. E. Hicks, '95, was on the campus Saturday. 
Mr. Hicks was a famous end on the 'varsity eleven 
during his course. 

Maine night will be observed by the U. of M. stu- 
dents on November 14, the night before Maine plays 
Bowdoin, at Bangor. 

Several of the students attended the annual 
reception of the Brunswick Saturday Club in Pythian 
Hall, last Saturday evening. 

President Hyde spoke in chapel Sunday. He 
emphasized the value of service whether or not it 
leads to worldly success. 

The engagement is announced of Samuel B. Fur- 
bish, assistant treasurer of the college, and Miss 
Edith M. Williams of Belfast. 

Evidently the game with Harvard was not the 
"only game of more than local interest" on the 
schedule of a certain sister-college. 

Marshall. '03, had a small bone in his left hand 
broken, in a foot-ball scrimmage, Friday. He will 
be unable to rejoin the foot-ball squad. 

Laferriere, '01, was in town, Sunday. As 
athletic instructor at Hebron he has developed the 
best preparatory school eleven in Maine. 

Shaughnessy, '03, represented the Alpha Rho 
Chapter of Kappa Sigma, at the annual initiation of 
Psi Chapter, University of Maine, last week. 

At a meeting of the Sophomore Class, held last 
week, W. B. Clark was elected juror, to fill the 
vacancy caused by the resignation of Sanborn. 

The total number of books taken from the Col- 
lege Library during the month of October was 848. 
The largest number in one day was 72 and the 

smallest 15. 

The History Club enjoyed its second meeting 
Tuesday night at the home of Professor Dennis. 
Lunt read the paper of the evening with the sub- 
ject, "Robert Peel." 

Ridlon, '03, and Rowe, '04, represented the Alpha 
Rho Chapter of Kappa Sigma at the annual initia- 
tion of Beta Kappa Chapter, of New Hampshire 
State College, last Wednesday. 

President Hyle opens the November Atlantic 
with a discussion of The New Ethics — the moral 
laws and safeguards of our race, the spirit of which 
all laws are but symbolic impression. 

Seven graduates of the University of Missouri 
are included in the additions to the University of 
Maine faculty this year. Evidently there is an 
extraordinary cordiality between those two widely 
separated universities. 

Part of the recent national appropriation for 
irrigation purposes is being devoted to the Hydro- 
graphic survey, an examination of the river waters 
of the country. In Maine this work is being done 
by Professor Robinson. 

Over a hundred Bowdoin students witnessed the 
Bates-Maine game at Lewiston, Saturday. Whether 
the result of this game will aid us or not in the 
championship of the State, depends on the outcome 
of the games this coming Saturday. 

There are on exhibition at the Walker Art 
Museum eighty-three pictures of early Venice, as 
illustrated by St. Marks, its Byzantine Mosaics, and 
other buildings. The students should make it a point 
to see these pictures before November 17. 

Manager Wildes of the track team, has again 
secured James G. Lathrop for next spring. Mr. 
Lathrop has coached the track team for the last two 
years and has shown himself to be a very efficient 
coach. He was formerly connected with Harvard 

The following named men, having attained the 
best rank in Elocution during Freshman year and 
in Themes during Sophomore and Junior years, have 
been appointed to take part in the '68 Prize Speak- 
ing, Thursday, February 12 : Marshall, Martin, Rob- 
inson, Simpson, Stover, Walker. 



At the convention of State and Provincial Boards 
of Health, held at New Haven last week, Professor 
Robinson presented a resolution, which was adopted, 
condemning the action of the California Board of 
Health in attempting to suppress the information 
that the plague had entered San Francisco. 

, Many of the students visited the river banks 
Sunday afternoon, where a crew was at work blast- 
ing and grappling for the body of Brown, the 
section hand, who was knocked from the bridge 
early in the morning by the freight. His body had 
not been recovered when the Orient went to press. 

The following men compose the chapel choir this 
year: From 1903, Farnsworth, Gray, Green, Hellen- 
brand, Jones, Lawrence, Pratt, Simpson, B. L. 
Smith and Welch ; from 1904, Bridgham, Emerson, 
Oakef and Purington; from 1905, Clarke, R. N. 
Cushing, Greene, Hall, Hatch and Priest ; from 
1906, Hall and Winchell. 

"There's many a slip 'twixt the cup and the lip." 
This saying did not apply to the Hallowe'en celebra- 
tion last Friday evening, for everything went off 
smoothly. The students are to be commended on 
the general orderliness of proceedings, for there was 
no unseemly noise, and no defacement to the cam- 
pus as a result of the evening. 

A meeting of the Executive Committee of the 
Debating Club was held last week. It was decided 
to call a college meeting immediately after the Uni- 
versity of Maine game, at which a committee of 
arrangements for the Amherst debate will be chosen. 
Meanwhile the president of the Debating Club is to 
notifv Amherst that any date after the tenth of 
March will be convenient for the debate, as far as 
Bowdoin is concerned. 

Both the Mandolin and Guitar Club and the Glee 
Club are holding regular rehearsals, and the outlook 
for both is very promising. A number of new men 
will probably be taken from the Freshman Class, 
and the organizations will be as good and at present 
they promise to be better than for the season 1901- 
1902. The Clubs will be picked just before the 
Thanksgiving recess. Among Manager Wilson's 
plans is an Aroostook trip, and possibly a Washing- 
ton County trip for the Easter recess. 

The second debate of the term took place on 
Wednesday of last week, with Simpson, '03, presid- 
ing: "Resolved, That the policy which the United 
States has adopted towards Cuba should be adopted 
towards the Philippines." Affirmative — Robinson, 
'03; Gould, '03. Negative — Campbell, '04; Kimball, 
'04. The affirmative side was handicapped' by 
the incipient sickness of one of its speakers. 
Expression on the merits of the debate resulted in a 
vote for the negative. The speakers from the floor 
spoke capitally, and were more interesting than the 
main disputants. There was a lamentable amount of 
"cutting" at this second debate. Everybody regis- 
tered in the course, whether a regular or no, ought 
to be in sight at every debate. 

The first meeting of the Deutscher Verein for the 
year was held in the Verein room at the Inn, Tues- 
day evening, October 28. The Verein organized for 
the year with sixteen undergraduate members, and 
chose the following officers, the Vorsitzender being 
elected for one term, the other officers for the year : 

Vorsitzender, Nutter, '03 ; Schriftwart, Frost, '04; 
Kassenwart, McCormick, '03 ;' Library Committee, 
Professor Files, Mr. Lewis, and Robinson, '03. The 
whole Senior German Class is this year eligible for 
membership: The whole membership of the Verein 
for the year is therefore as follows : Honorary mem- 
bers, Professors Files, Hutchins and Johnson, 
Instructor Ham, Webber, 1900, Lewis, '01 ; active 
members : Seniors — Farnsworth, Gray, Harlow, 
Holt, Houghton, Larrabee, McCormick, Nutter, Per- 
kins, Robinson, Simpson, Thompson, Walker; 
Juniors — Frost, Herms, Schneider. 

The annual initiation banquet of the Colby and 
Bowdoin Chapters of Delta Upsilon, held at the 
Cony House, Augusta, October 31, was one of the 
most successful yet held by the association. Pre- 
liminary to the banquet, a meeting of the State 
Alumni Association was held, at which Holman F. 
Day of Auburn was re-elected president. The fol- 
lowing additional officers were also chosen : H. R. 
Dunham of Waterville, vice-president; Guy C. How- 
ard, Bowdoin, '9S, of Farmington, secretary and 
treasurer; George C. Webber, Bowdoin, '95, of 
Auburn, W. D. Gould, '04, of Bowdoin, and V. S. 
Ames of Colby, executive committee. Following the 
banquet, many speeches were made ; among the most 
interesting were those of F. N. Luce, Colby, '62; 
George W. Thomas, Colby, '03; and C. E. Merritt, 
Bowdoin, '94. 

From the Minneapolis Journal of October 28 : 

A paper from the far east brings to hand the fol- 
lowing item at which we grieve : 

"Triangle, the celebrated trotter owned by 
Professor Moody of the Bowdoin College mathe- 
matics department, and which will be the main rac- 
ing attraction at Topsham Fair this week, is said to 
be in fine form at his stables at Woodlawn, and his 
backers in this vicinity are expecting him to sweep 
everything on the track. His exhibition heat will be 
made in the famous nickel-plated sulky awarded to 
him in Kalamazoo some years ago when he took the 
purse from Isoceles, Jr., in the home stretch." 

Certainly little can be expected of the students 
of our higher institutions of learning' if the faculty- 
go into horse racing in this open and flagrant 
manner. Still, it is said that Professor Moody's 
beast is a track warmer. 


Bennett & Moulton Opera Company at Jefferson 
Theatre, Portland. 

Polo at Portland. 

Garside, Condit & Mack Stock Company at 
Music Hall, Lewiston. 

May Fiske Company at Columbia Theatre, Bath. 

. Nine courses in Chinese are offered at Columbia 
this year. 

It is reported that there are 266 periodicals pub- 
lished by students in American universities and col- 
leges. Of this number 150 are monthlies, 65 are 
weeklies, 11 are dailies, 12 are quarterlies, 10 are 
bi-weeklies, 9 are semi-monthlies, 3 are semi-week- 
lies, and 2 are bi-monthlies. 



Y. M. C. A. 

On Sunday afternoon, November 2, the Associa- 
tion was very fortunate in securing President 
Charles L. White of Colby as the speaker of the 
afternoon. This was the first occasion on which 
President White had ever addressed a gathering of 
Bowdoin men, and he was greeted by a large, enthu- 
siastic, and attentive audience. Dr. White's talk 
was one of those practical ones which linger for so 
long in a man's memory, stimulating him to higher 
and better service. 

At this service Miss Evelyn Stetson of Bruns- 
wick rendered Bartlett's "The Day is Ended," in a 
most pleasing and effective manner. 

On Thursday evening the meeting was in the 
form of a Missionary Rally, and was held for the 
purpose of starting the mission classes which are to 
be conducted during the remainder of the year. 
There will be four classes, one for each college 
class, and the book used will be "Effective Workers 
in Needy Fields." The leader was Burpee, '04, 
chairman of the missionary committee, who will 
be glad to furnish any further information regard- 
ing the classes to those desiring it. 


Amherst 16, Bowdoin o. 

Amherst won the annual game with Bowdoin, 
played at Amherst, November 1. Bowdoin played 
a sluggish game in the first half and put up a very 
poor exhibition. The men in the line did not play 
low enough and the backs were slow in getting 
started. Porter did not meet the interference on 
defensive, as he has been coached to do, and the 
playing on the whole was pretty ragged. Amherst 
made three touchdowns in the first half by end 
runs and plunges through tackles. In the second 
half the team took a decided brace, and kept Amherst 
guessing. Bowdoin was in her opponent's territory 
nearly the entire half, and three times tried for goals 
from the field, but failed. Chapman and Connors 
put up the best game for Bowdoin ; Pierce and 
Biram for Amherst. 

The summary : 
Amherst. Bowdoin 

Raf tery, 1. e r. e., Porter. 

Pierce, 1. e r. t., Conners. 

Palmer, 1. g r. g., Hatch. 

r. g., Havey. 

Howard, c c, Staples 

c, Sanborn. 

Diehl, r. g 1. g., Shaw. 

Park, r. g. 

Varnum, r. t 1. t, Davis. 

Priddy, r. e 1. e., Philoon. 

Daniels, q. b q. b., Munro (Capt.). 

Biram (Capt.), 1. h. b r. h. b., Chapman. 

r. h. b., Bates. 

Washburn, r. h. b 1. h. b., Blanchard. 

Quill, f. b f. b., Wilson. 

f. b., Finn. 

Score — Amherst 16. Touchdowns — Biram 2, 
Quill. Goal from touchdown— Daniels. Umpire- 
Patterson of Yale. Referee — Easton of Yale. 
Linesmen — Clark of Bowdoin and Chase of Amherst. 
Time — 25-m. halves. 

The following challenge we have sent to Colby. 
There has been no answer as yet. 

Brunswick, Me., Oct. 29, 1902. 
Mr. Louis C. Steams, Jr., Waterville, Me.: 

Dear Sir — As Bowdoin is not fully satisfied with 
the result of last Saturday's game with Colby, I 
should like very much to arrange a game with Colby 
to be played on Thanksgiving Day on neutral 
grounds. So acting as Bowdoin's representative I 
hereby challenge Colby to a second game, to be 
played on next Thanksgivng Day on neutral grounds. 
The matter of grounds and finances we can easily 
arrange later. 

Very truly yours, 

Irving W. Nutter, Manager. 

Although no official word had been received from 
Colby, it was anounced in the newspapers, Monday, 
that Colby had accepted Bowdoin's challenge for an 
extra game. If that is so, a brief arithmetical reck- 
oning will show that by winning all three of our 
remaining games, no other percentage can equal the 
percentage of games won by our team, and it is 
champion. If we lose any one of those games, our 
percentage cannot possibly equal the percentage of 
the best of the other teams, and the championship 
honor we cannot claim. It is evident, then, what is 
"up to us." 

Three of the 'varsity players are on the invalid 
list, but it is expected that they will be in condition 
to play next Saturday. Staples has a bad knee, 
Hatch and Chapman have boils on their insteps. 

The team will be greatly weakened by the loss 
of Finn in Saturday's game. 

Up to the time of the Orient's going to press, 
Manager Nutter had not heard from Colby regard- 
ing the challenge. 


'76. — Arlo Bates' latest novel is entitled, "The 
Diary of a Saint." It is, as the name implies, written 
in the form of a diary, and the treatment is such as 
to bring out the development of events and charac- 
ters in an unusually intelligible manner. The char- 
acter delineation is very clear, even in the case of the 
minor personages. The story is of one year in the 
life of a New England girl. She passes through this 
year, crowded with experiences and impressions, in 
a manner that in the end establishes her right to 
the title of "Saint." The central thought of the book 
is that saintship is a matter rather of conduct than 
theory; is ethical rather than religious. 

'87. — On the twenty-third day of October, 1902, 
at Englewood, N. J., occurred the marriage of Miss 



Ellen C. Blagden to Charles J. Goodwin, '87, who is 
Professor of Greek in Lehigh University. 

'87. — Austin Cary has returned from the northern 
woods, where he has been since the first of Septem- 

'96. — Under the heading "Preston Kyes Compli- 
mented," the University of Chicago Maroon prints 
the following : 

"Professor J. C. Webster, in his lecture on 
obstetrics to the Junior Class of Rush Medical Col- 
lege, gave a brief review of the Huxley address 
delivered by Professor Welch, of the department of 
pathology of Johns Hopkins University, before the 
Royal Scientific Society of England, On the subject 
of "Immunity." In the article frequent mention was 
made of the work of Preston Kyes, under the famous 
Ehrlich. Professor Webster said in part : "The fact 
that he belongs to the faculty of Rush Medical Col- 
lege, should make you doubly appreciate the honors 
conferred upon your former professor and, through 
him, upon your college." The Huxley address is 
delivered annually before the Royal Scientific Society 
of England, and the reading of it is considered 
among the very highest honors a scientific man can 

Dr. Kyes is at present studying in Germany on a 

'93. — Rev. Herbert L. McCann, who is pastor of 
the Congregational Church of Gray, Me., is deliver- 
ing a series of lectures in that town on religious 
topics. Some of the subjects are as follows :. "The 
Drama and Modern Theatre-Going ;" "The Hebrew 
Underground World;" "The Biblical View;" 
"Heaven and the Saints Crowned." 

'96. — Frank Emerson Bradbury, '96, has recently 
become a member of the law firm of Jackson, Slade 
& Borden, Fall River, Mass. Of this firm, Hon. J. 
F. Jackson is chairman of the Massachusetts Board 
of Railroad Commissioners, and Hon. David F. Slade 
is a member of Governor Crane's executive council. 

M. '98. — Invitations have been sent out for the 
marriage of Miss Carrie J. Doughty of Brunswick 
and Dr. Charles H. Burgess of Bangor. 

'99. — Married at Alfred, Maine, August 20, Miss 
Gertrude Oliver Peaslee to Mr. Walter Littlefield 
Came. At home after September 1, at 6 Willis 
Street, Dorchester, Mass. 

'99. — Edward B. Chamberlain is teaching in the 
University School, Washington, D. C, in the posi- 
tion formerly occupied by Fred R. Marsh, '99. 
Marsh is now studying at the Princeton Theological 

'99. — Married at Ithaca, N. Y., August 20, Miss 
Harriet Lucy Hall to Mr. Cony Sturgis. At home 
after October 1, San Juan, Porto Rico. 

'99. — Samuel Topliff, who is now living in 
Evanston, has just received his license to practice 
at the Illinois bar. 

'99. — E. A. Kaharl is assistant this year in the 
Portland High School. 

1900. — Albert W. Clarke is instructor at Willis- 
ton Seminary, Easthampton, Mass. He acted as 
linesman in the Amherst-Bowdoin game. 

1900 and ex-'98. — Harry M. Hamlen is an 
inspector with the American Telephone & Telegraph 
Company. He has recently been transferred from 
Pittsburg to the Philadelphia office, 406 Market 


M. '01. — Nelson Oswell Price died at Klerksdorp, 
South Africa, January 8, 1902, of enteric fever. He 
was born April 13, 1873, at Havelock, N. B., 
attended the Provincial Normal School at Freder- 
icton, N. B., and was graduated from Bowdoin Med- 
ical School in the Class of 1901. He was Inspector 
of Infection 'at St. John, N. B., during the small- 
pox epidemic there last December, and later joined a 
Canadian Field Hospital which sailed from Halifax 
for South Africa in January. He was present with 
his corps at Johannesburg on March 19, and served 
faithfully at the front from the last of February 
until his death. 


Dartmouth now has an endowment of nearly 

The dedication of the Coram Library and the 
unveiling of the Stanton portrait, at Bates, took 
place October 22. 

A $30,000 clock tower will be erected at Brown 
by Paul Bajnotte of Turin, Italy, as a memorial of 
his wife, Carrie A. Brown. 

The Faculty at Syracuse has decided to give out 
no more grade marks but merely to inform the stu- 
dents whether they have passed or failed. 

A jaded and worn tramp who applied to a Colo- 
rado dispensary for medical relief was identified as 
Professor W. A. Wyckoff, of Princeton University, 
who is studying sociological conditions in that state. 
He resumed his travels after treatment. 

The students at the University of Michigan have 
been suffering from a lack of necessary food. The 
landladies at their several boarding houses have been 
unable to get provisions enough to supply the large 
number of students who appeared at Ann Arbor this 


One day this week the Senate did not meet at 
noon. The hands of the clock were at least three 
minutes past the hour of 12 when the chaplain lifted 
his voice in the opening prayer. And all because 
Senator Frye was telling a story to the preacher. 

"When I was up in Maine recently," said Mr. 
Frye, "I was summoned to prepare a will for a man 
who was very ill. It was necessary, of course, to 
secure two witnesses, and they had to be sent for. 
While we were waiting for them to arrive the man 
seemed to get worse, and I thought it my duty, no 
minister being present, to talk seriously to him. I 
told him that he was very ill and that it was likely he 
would soon depart this life. 

" And now are you ready to meet this great 
change?' I asked him. 

" T will be,' was the reply, 'as soon as those 
d d witnesses get here.' " — Washington Post. 



No. 16. 





Clement F. Robinson, 1903, Editor-in-Chief. 

Farnsworth G. Marshall, 1903, Business Manager. 

William T. Rowe, 1904, Assistant Editor-in-Chief. 
Harold J. Everett, 1904, Assistant Business Manager. 

Associate Editors. 
S. C. W. Simpson, 1903. E. H. R. Burroughs, 1905. 

S. T. Dana, 1904. W. S. Cushing, 1905. 

John W. Frost, 1904. W. F. Finn, Jr., 1905. 

A. L. McCobb, 1905. 

Per annum, in advance, 
Per Copy, 

10 Cents. 

Please address business communications to the Business 
Manager, and all other contributions to the Editor-in-Cliief. 

Entered at the Post-Offiee at Brunswick as S.ruud-Clu-s Mail Matter. 

Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston. 

As the college newspaper, the Orient 
wishes to make itself helpful and even indis- 
pensable to every Bowdoin man. It asks the 
co-operation of everyone who believes that 
such a recognized reference for college news 
is of practical convenience and value. In 
particular it asks all those who have the man- 
agement of athletic, debating, musical and 
social undergraduate interests to permit the 
Orient to be the first to publish the announce- 
ments relating to those interests ; and it asks 
the members of the Faculty, in the same way, 
to give the college paper the preference over 
the bulletin-board or the daily press in all 
except the most immediate announcements. 
Ordinary items may be communicated to the 
editorial board orally or in writing before 

Monday night for publication in the next 
Thursday's issue ; items of any unusual 
degree of interest will be received by the 
editor-in-chief as late as Tuesday evening. 
Hints and suggestions in regard to the paper, 
it should be hardly necessary to say, are 
always welcomed and carefully considered. 

If "cleanliness is next to godliness" now 
as much as it was once, why do the "powers 
that be" order the gymnasium to be closed 
every Sunday so that the baths are not avail- 
able? If it is really impious to use water for 
the body's sake on the Sabbath, we abide by 
the decision of the authorities. If, however, 
it is not positively irreverent to enjoy water fo 
that end, we respectfully submit an earnest, 
heart-felt and body-felt appeal that the baths 
be accessible every Sunday morning from 
seven-thirty to ten-thirty. 

For two years the Orient has had ample 
opportunity to apply all the methods of speak- 
ing editorially after bitter athletic defeats. 
The defeat by Bates adds another chance. 
The usual possibilities are open, — to plead 
that we were in unfortunate physical condi- 
tion, to lay to bad luck the defeat, to find fault 
with the Bowdoin team for "quitting," or to 
admit that the best team won. In a 
greater or less degree all those facts were true 
last Saturday, and the Orient will concen- 
trate its attention on none of them, for it is 
tired of talking about defeats. It will simply 
express the hope that next year we can get 
together an aggregation of players who will 
have the game so much a part of their inner 
consciousness that bad luck cannot stop them, 
and that nervousness cannot clog their speed, 
so that no better team in Maine can be got 



together, and the team will go on the field at 
Lewiston ready to fight for- every inch, and 
will come off that field bruised and battered, — 
and victor. 

At the annual Orient election which takes 
place just before Easter, at least two associate 
editors will be chosen from the Freshman 
Class, and an assistant business manager from 
the Sophomore Class. Candidates for these 
positions should register at once and begin 
work. Candidates for the position with the 
business department will be assigned work 
in competition by the business manager. 
Candidates for associate editors, who must 
register with the editor-in-chief before 
November 20, will be named as usual to fur- 
nish college news and alumni notes for the 
paper. Such of these items as are printed will 
be marked each week by the assistant editor-in- 
chief to the credit of the applicant, alumni 
notes counting twice as much as college notes 
of the same length. The successful men will 
be chosen on the basis of this work and of the 
merit of at least three original editorials 
handed in at different times. Copy should be 
left with the editor-in-chief before 9 p.m., 
Sundays. Of two items of the same tenor, 
that which is handed in earlier gets the prefer- 
ence. Further details for the applicants will 
be communicated orally or in a future issue: 


To the Editor of the Orient: 

If you will be kind enough to grant me 
space, I should like to say a few words upon 
the subject of the Class Day exercises. In a 
recent number of the Orient appeared what 
seemed to me a very just and timely criticism 
by an alumnus of a good many years standing, 
of a custom that has long impaired the dignity 
and impressiveness of our Class Day exer- 
cises. I allude to the subject of the class 
prophecy. And in touching upon this sub- 

ject, I would like it to be understood that I 
value the old customs and traditions that clus- 
ter about the place as forming a distinctive 
part of the college life and adding a .charm 
and atmosphere that nothing but a century 
of student life can bestow. But this is not a 
distinctive Bowdoin custom, and it has come 
to be nothing more than an absurd burlesque 
"roasting" in public, with threadbare jokes 
and cheap comparisons, the various members 
of the Senior Class. It is seldom entertain- 
ing to the rest of the audience that is some- 
times good-humored enough to laugh at such 
absurdities and to concede a certain amount of 
irresponsibility to college students, yet is often 
wearied and disappointed at so puerile and 
witless an exhibition. It would seem to me 
far better to omit from the Class Day pro- 
gramme an observance so little in keeping 
with the surroundings and so little befitting 
the dignity of the college and the student- 
body, and permit it to be enjoyed exclusively 
by the high schools and academies to whom it 
rightfully belongs and to whose public exer- 
cises it may form an appropriate and fitting 

B. D. Ridlon, '91. 


Saturday, Nov. 15 — Bowdoin vs. University of Maine 
at Bangor. 
Lecture on Hans Christian 
Andersen by Miss Shedlock, 
Saturday Club course. 

Tuesday, Nov. 18 — Mass-Meeting for Debating 

Wednesday, Nov. 10. — Punting Cup Contest. 

Thursday, Nov. 20 — Bowdoin Orient Banquet. 

Saturday, Nov. 22 — Sophomore-Freshman Game ( ?) 

Tuesday, Nov. 25 — Deutscher Verein Meeting. 

Wednesday, Nov. 26 — Thanksgiving recess begins. 

Monday, Dec. I — Recess ends. 

Saturday, Dec. 6 — Monologues by Miss Karr, Sat- 
urday Club Lecture Course. 

Friday, Dec. 19 — Exams, begin. 

Wednesday, Dec. 24 — Christmas recess commences. 

Tuesday, Jan. 6 — Winter term opens. 

Monday, June 22 — Sophomore Prize Declamation. 




Resolved, That the demands of Labor Unions are 
unreasonable and would be detrimental to industry 
if granted. 


General References : — Gladden : Social Facts and 
Forces; American Engineering Competition; 
Maxim : The Effects of Trade Unionism upon 
Skilled Mechanics (in Engineering Magazine Vol. 
XIV.); Bliss: Encyclopedia of Social Reform; 
Levasseur : American Workman ; Report of the 
Industrial Commission. Vol. 17; Outlook, October 
18, 1902 ; Ireland : Personal Liberty and Labor 
Strikes (in North American ^Review, Vol. 173). 


I The demands of Labor Unions are unreasonable 
and would be detrimental to industry if granted. 
For : Y 

I^They interfere unduly with the freedom of 
action of the employer, WT*" 1 

A. The Union compels the employer to hire 
Union laborers to the exclusion of non-Union 
laborers regardless of their respective merits. 
(Gladden, v Social Facts and Forces!) B. The 
Union tends to promote idleness among' Union 
workmen. (1) They feel secure in knowing that 
they can be discharged only with the consent of the 
Union. (American Engineering Competition p. 
136.) C. The Union turns capital from trade. (1) 
It harasses the employer. (2) It decreases profits 
and increases risks; Dj\»)It hinders the employer in 
the introduction of new machinery (American Engi- 
neering Competition, p. 129). Q^QiJ It prevents the 
employer from using his workmen to the best advan- 
tage. (1) It insists upon demarcation of labor 
(American Engineering Competition p. 132). (2) 
It compels the employer to hire more men than are 
really necessary, (a) It limits the amount of work 
to be done by each man. (Maxim, The Effects of 
Trade-Unionism upon Skilled Mechanics. Engi- 
neering Magazine Vol. XIV. p. 191.) (b) It fre- 
quently insists that one man shall run but one 
machine (saSwiias last reference). 

II. Trade-Unions tend'to decrease the efficiency- 
erf iirdfvidual workmen, qA! They tend to destroy 
competition. (1) They put the skilled and unskilled 
laborer on the same wage basis. (Bliss, Encyclope- 
dia of Social Reform under Trade Unions.) B. 
They tend to reduce the general skill of the work- 
man. (1) They prevent him from working outside 
the strict limits of his own trade. (American 
Engineering Competition p. 132.) kp^ ' 

III. Their demands result in great evils.' A. 
The enforcement of their demands often occasions 
inconvenience and suffering. (1) All non-union 
men are excluded from working in union shops. 
(Ireland. Personal Liberty and Labor Strikes. 
North American Review, Vol. 173 p. 447.) (2) By 
strikes, necessary commodities are put beyond the 
reach of the poorer classes. (Recent coal strike.) 
(3) Transportation and communication are cut off. 
(Chicago Strike. Also Report of Industrial Com- 
mission, Vol. XVII. p. 596.) B. Other industries 
are interfered with. (Recent Coal Strike; also 

Levasseur: American Workman, p. 262.) C. 
Strikes frequently result in violence and anarchy. 
(Outlook, October 19, '02, editorial.) 


Therefore, for the reasons shown, the demands 
of Labor Unions are unreasonable, and would be 
detrimental _to industry if granted. 

"~L7V7 Walker, '03, and M. C. Woodbury, '03. 


General References : Conflicts of Capital and 
Labor (George Howell) ; Quarterly Journal of 
Economics, Vol. XVI. ; Palgrave's Dictionary of 
Political Economy, Vol. II. ; Journal of Political 
Economy, Vols. VI. and VII. ; The Arena, Vol. I. ; 
New Englander, Vol. 46 ; History of Trade Union- 
ism (Webb) ; The Claims of Labor (John Burnett) ; 
Labor and the Popular Welfare (Mallock). 

Introduction : The principal demands of labor 
unions are that they have a right to help fix a price 
for their commodity, labor, and have something to 
say as to the form in which it shall be sold, that is, 
in respect to the length of a day's work. The nega- 
tive will prove that these demands, as made by 
labor unions, as well as other minor demands, are 
not unreasonable and are not detrimental rto 


The demands of labor unions are not unreason- 
able and would not be detrimental to industry if 

I. Labor unions as organs of demand are neces- 
sary to protect the workingman, for: A. In dealing 
individually with other employers workingmen are 
at a great disadvantage (Howell, Conflicts of Labor 
and Capital). 1. Employers are combined in the 
form of corporations and trusts. 2. Employers will 
not listen to individual employees. 3. Employers 
through the control of capital can afford to wait for 
the future while labor, isolated and unorganized, 
must work at the employers' terms (Palgrave's Dic- 
tionary of Political Economy, p. 519). (a) The 
employer can live on his capital, (b) The laborer 
depends on his daily wages for food. B. Labor 
unions decrease the advantage of the employer over 
the laborer. I. In organization there is strength. 
2. Labor is represented by the most competent men 
(Howell, Conflicts of Capital and Labor, p. 212). 3. 
They are able to resist the oppression of trusts. 
(New Englander, Vol. 54, p. 517.) 4. They are 
the only means by which workingmen can secure 
their rights, (a) Employers will not grant conces- 
sions to the workingmen unless forced to do so. 
(Burnett. The Claims of Labor, p. 17.) 

II. The demands of labor unions are based on 
right and justice, for: A. They are always willing 
to arbitrate. (Burnett, The Claims of Labor, p. 14.) 
1. Recent coal Strike is an example. B. They 
can not raise wages arbitrarily. I. The price of 
labor is regulated to a large degree by the law of 
supply and demand. 2. They cannot raise wages 
above a certain maximum rate. Mallock, Labor and 
the Popular Welfare, p. 313.) C. They ask only 
a proportionate share in the increased production 
caused by machinery. (Political Science Quarterly, 



p. 378.) I. The introduction of machinery has 
decreased wages. (Political Science Quarterly, p. 

III. The demands of labor unions when granted 
have not proved detrimental to industry, for : A. 
They have secured a more equal distribution of 
wealth. They have raised wages. (Arena Vol. I. 
p. 80.) B. They have encouraged technical knowl- 
edge and skill. I. They have secured government 
restrictions to cheap foreign labor. (Arena Vol. I. 
p. 81.) 


The negative have proved that it has been neces- 
sary for labor unions to make demands of employ- 
ers, that these demands have not been unreasonable, 
and that when granted they have not proved detri- 
mental to industry. Therefore, the demands of 
labor unions are not unreasonable and would not, 
if granted, be detrimental to industry. 

W. C. Towne, '03, and C. C. Shaw, '03. 


Cornell has decided to enter a crew in the Hen- 
ley Regatta next summer. 

Yes, Bates won. John L. in Massachusetts and 
the college in Brunswick . 

Because of the absence of Mr. Ham adjourns in 
his classes were granted last week. 

Rev. John M. Thomas of East Orange, N. J., 
will preach at the Congregational Church, next Sun- 

The outside reading for French 4 and the second 
long theme for Rhetoric I are both due on Friday of 
this week. 

Colby will not accept our challenge to play a 
second game at Lewiston, on Thanksgiving Day. 
We wonder why? 

An examination on the first half of Baker's 
"Argumentation" will be taken by the class in debat- 
ing this evening. 

The morning service at the Episcopal Church, 
Rev. E. D. Johnson, rector, will hereafter be held 
at 10.30 instead of 10.45. 

Rev. Edward E. Bradley, of Lincoln, Mass., 
preached at the Congregational Church, Sunday, and 
at chapel in the afternoon. 

The Zichel Publishing Company of Detroit has 
sent us a very lively and catchy March Song and 
Two-Step entitled "The Jolly Student." 

The college was pleased to see so many of the 
alumni back, Saturday, and only regrets that it was 
unable to treat them to a good old celebration. 

Nothing has been done as yet about the annual 
Sophomore-Freshman foot-ball game. Come, wake 
up, fellows, and don't have a repetition of last year. 

A dispenser of free samples of cigarettes gave 
away more than he intended and in a somewhat 
irregular fashion, after chapel, Tuesday of last week. 

A son was born to Instructor and Mrs. Ham 
Sunday. The Orient welcomes this future Bow- 
doin man, and extends its congratulations to his 

It cost more than $16,000,000 to take the 12th 
census, and 59,373 persons were employed. A num- 
ber of the Bowdoin students received a part of this 

Commander Peary, 'yj, has reported for duty, 
but as he is still on crutches, he will not be called 
upon to go aloft and furl the mizzentopsail for a 
week or two. 

The History Club were entertained Monday 
evening by Mr. Anthoine at his rooms on Federal 
Street. Powers read the paper of the evening with 
the subject "Disraeli." 

Bates is indebted to a Colby graduate. Holman 

F. Day, for some very neat foot-ball songs, and they 
clearly showed their ability to sing them, last Sat- 
urday; and they sang well. 

Dartmouth held her annual initiations last week. 
Out of a class of 229 Freshmen no were divided 
among the 12 fraternities. More than half the stu- 
dents at Dartmouth are non-fraternity men. 

Well, Anna Eva Fay hit it about right after all 
in regard to the Bates game. Somebody ought to 
ask her to whom we shall look for a new Gymna- 
sium, and see if the prognostication is as sure. 

A shooting gallery with all the attachments has 
been opened in the wooden block at the corner of 
Elm Street, and would-be base-ball pitchers and 
hunters are trying their skill with base-balls and 

The Bates Student complains that the Freshmen 
are too wary of joining the societies, this year. At 
the end of the fifth week only 41 Freshmen had 
joined the three literary societies, or about half the 

The Classical Club met on Tuesday evening with 
Bridgham, '04, and Campbell and Pettengill, '05, at 
the D. K. E. House. An interesting paper was read 
by Professor Houghton. Light refreshments were 

Everyone should attend the debating meeting next 
Tuesday evening to share in the preliminary 
arrangements for the debate at Amherst. Enthusi- 
asm calls out and strengthens debaters as much as it 
does athletes. 

At the last meeting of the Faculty it was voted 
that in the future afternoon hours will begin at 
1.30, 2.30, 3.30 and 4.30 instead of 2, 3, and 4 as 
formerly. This votes goes into effect immediately 
and lasts indefinitely. 

The Orient Board held a regular meeting last 
Monday, with full attendance. The details to be 
conformed to by Freshmen who wish to try for the 
editorial board were arranged, and it was voted to 
have the regular fall term banquet on November 20. 

Among the many alumni who attended the Bow- 
doin-Bates game were the following eleven men 
from 1901, who held a reunion at the New Meadows 
Inn : Donald F. Snow, H. L. Berry, H. L. Swett, 
R. E. Bragg, A. E. Palmer, J. H. White, H. F. 
Quinn, E. M. Fuller, Jr., E. T. Fenley, H. D. Evans, 

G. L. Lewis, and H. J. Milliken. 



The Sophomore Prize Declamation will take place 
on the Monday evening of Commencement week 
this year, and the Junior Prize Declamation is to be 
omitted hereafter. The date for the Bradbury Prize 
Debates has not yet been determined. 

Winter term will begin on Tuesday, January 6, 
thus giving nearly two weeks' vacation. This hap- 
pens because January, second comes this year on 
Friday, and it would not be advisable to begin the 
term on that day. 

Reed, '05, has been elected captain of next 
season's Bates team. He is a Kent's Hill graduate, 
where he played three years as left tackle, and was 
one year captain. He has played the same position 
on the Bates team for two years, and is a very pop- 
ular choice for captain. 

The victory of Maine over Colby last Saturday 
by a score of 16 to 5 was somewhat of a surprise 
to Bowdoin students. Watkins, the phenomenon, was 
unable to make his distance but once during the 
game, and during the first half Maine seemed to 
know where every play was coming. 

The Government Club, which is a union of 
Senior Clubs for both Government and Political 
Economy, organized this week with the following 
members : Abbott, Clifford, Coffin, Marshall, Martin, 
Merrill, Robinson, Stover, White, Mr. Anthoine, 
and Professors Dennis and Callender. 

The total number of books taken from the 
Library, last week, was 244. The largest number 
taken out in one day was 72, on Wednesday, and the 
smallest number 24, on Saturday. We hope that 
this small number was due to the intense interest 
in the foot-ball game and not to a lack of interest 
in studious pursuits. 

The first of a series of the talks by Miss Maud 
Mason of Brunswick on Italian Art, illustrated with 
stereopticon views, was given in the Physics Lec- 
ture-Room last Monday evening. The series is to 
be continued on Monday evening in the same place. 
A large number of the Faculty and townspeople 
have subscribed for this course. 

Among the Portland people who saw the Bates 
game were Judge Symonds, Judge and Mrs. Pea- 
body, Dr. Harry Nickerson, Charles A. Bean, Mil- 
lard Bowdoin, Mr. and Mrs. E. S. Everett, Mr. and 
Mrs. Laughlin and Miss Clarissa Laughlin. Mr. H. 
N. Pinkham and Miss Laura Pinkham, Editor Nor- 
ton of the Express, and F. Q. Twitchell of the 

Thomas F. Keane of Boston will coach the Uni- 
versity of Maine track team next spring. He comes 
highly recommended by other colleges. He has been 
abroad for five years, and holds records won there 
in distances between 100 and 440 yards. The change 
is made necessary by the resignation of Coach Mack 
to accept a two years' contract with an academy in 

A pleasant little chafing-dish party took place in 
the room of F. E. Towne and W. C. Towne, '03, last 
Saturday evening. The guests were Miss Benson of 
Kennebunkport. Miss Wadlin of North Andover. 
Mass., Miss Odiorne of Brunswick, and C. C. 
Shaw, '03, with Mr. and Mrs. Chase of Brunswick 
to chaperone the party. 

Mascagni has discovered that an American cock- 
tail makes music. Two or three of them, however, 
are apt to create a discord. Many of the students 
who went to Lewiston, Wednesday evening of last 
week, to see the performance, "Ratcliffe," were 
informed that there was a discord in the opera ranks 
and had to return to Brunswick without seeing the 

Several members of the foot-ball eleven are suf- 
fering from painful sores, which are believed to 
have resulted from some unknown germ that has 
infected the gymnasium. When the plague appeared 
Dr. Whittier began an investigation, but was unable 
to learn anything definite in regard to the source of 
infection. The gymnasium and all the clothing in 
the lockers have been thoroughly disinfected. 

In their series of "Handbooks of American Gov- 
ernment," the MacMillan Company have issued 
within a fortnight one on "The Government of 
Maine; its History and Administration," by Profes- 
sor MacDonald of Brown University, formerly of 
Bowdoin. It is a volume of 263 pages, prefixed by a 
map of the State, and sketches in clear fashion the 
history, government, and civil conditions of the 

A hot correspondence was carried on in the Lew- 
iston Journal during the week before the Bates 
game. The Bowdoin students held themselves as 
much aloof from the newspaper controversy as the 
Bates students did, and both bodies deplore the 
over-enthusiasm of those friends who would re-open 
old sores and rehearse old disputes which are now 
happily settled. It is to the present — and the 
future — that the college must devote its energies. 

The rush at the railroad station Saturday can- 
not be too strongly condemned. We would be sharp 
indeed in our complaints of "muckerism" if we 
should be molested in a similar way after a victory 
in another city. Such a proceeding is a blow to our 
reputation for courteousness and dignity which 
harms us much more, than an athletic defeat. It 
was impulsive, but it was inexcusable, and the col- 
lege should feel disgraced by those of its members 
who participated. 

Some High School boys thought they would dis- 
cover what secret practice is like, one day last week, 
so they climbed trees overlooking the field in order 
to find out. The foot-ball squad caught sight of 
them, took them for Bates spies, and started for 
those trees on the run. The boys made a hurried 
escape, but one was caught. When it was found out 
who they were, the college boys took it good-natur- 
edly, but for a few moments before that, terrible 
threats had been uttered. 

Here is the way the Bates Student improves on 
an item which originally appeared in the Oriext. 
We should evidently have appended an elucidation 
of the point of our paragraph when we first com- 
posed it : 

The Kennebec Journal is authority for the odd 
statement that there is a Bates man in the entering 
class at Bowdoin, a Bowdoin man in the entering 
class at Colby, and a Colby man in the entering class 
at the University of Maine. To make the circle 
complete there should be a Maine man in the enter- 
ing class at Bates, but there isn't. 



We would respectfully call the attention of the 
Junior and Senior classes to the fact that next week 
would be a particularly convenient time for class 
elections, being as it is a lull between the end of the 
athletic season and the Thanksgiving recess. If 
elections are to take place before February, as many 
think is advisable, next week is the only chance. 
The weeks after Thanksgiving are taken up with 
preparations for examinations, and it takes all of the 
first month of next term to get started on routine 
work again. 

The third debate of the term took place on 
Wednesday evening of last week. The qestion was : 
"Resolved, That the demands of labor unions are 
unreasonable and would, if granted, be detrimental 
to industry." Affirmative : Walker, '03, and Wood- 
bury, '03. Negative : W. C. Towne, '03, and Shaw, 
'03. The debate was well attended and was marked 
by good speeches from the floor. The principal dis- 
putants on either side seemed to attempt to prove 
more than was necessary. The same criticism of 
lack of animation obtained at this debate as at the 
former discussions. The vote on the merits of the 
debate resulted in favor of the affirmative. The 
critic for the debate was Dr. Dennis. 

E. L. Allen, '01, has returned to college for a 
special course in mathematics and will play on the 
'varsity eleven. — Colby Echo. Why not say "Mathe- 
matics and foot-ball ?" — Bowdoin Orient. We don't 
have to. Mr. Allen is one of the regular teachers 
in Coburn Classical Institute, and finding that his 
work there would not permit him to carry on both 
his mathematics and his foot-ball here, he has 
dropped foot-ball and continued with the mathe- 
matics. Any further information of this kind will 
be furnished the Orient at the same price. — Colby 

Does it seem to the unprejudiced reader that our 
friend, the Echo, has succeeded in "biting it off" 
on us ? 

More" than half of the present undergraduate 
body have never seen Bowdoin defeat another Maine 
college in foot-ball, and more than three-quarters 
have never seen Bates defeated by Bowdoin. It 
must be at least another year before the latter can 
happen, but on Saturday will come a chance to break 
a two-year slump by a single glorious victory over 
the strongest team in the State. A victory over 
Maine would help mightily to clear our heads and 
warm our hearts for the year's work, and without 
winning us the championship such a victory would 
go far to erase the impressions left in our minds by 
the defeats we have suffered. The team and the 

The following are the readings in History 10 for 
the rest of the term, as posted in the Library : Sects. 
XIII. to XV.,— Lowell I.-ch. 1. Sects. XVI. to 
XVIII, — Lowell, I. ch. 2, and one of the following: 
Lecky's Democracy and Liberty, I. op. 1-63; and 
Bodley's France, I. Book 1, ch. 2; or Brownell's 
"French Traits," ch. A. Lect. XIX.-XXI.,— Lowell 
I., ch., 5 and one of these: Phillips: "Modern 
Europe," ch. 17, 18; or Tyffe : "Modern Europe," 
III., pp. 364-373; or Andrews: "Historical Develop- 
ment," II. ch. 6: or Smith: Bismarck, pp. 1-61. 
Lects. XXII. to XXVI..— Lowell I., pp. 286-333 and 
II. ch. 7. Lects. XXVII. to XXIX.,— Lowell II., 
ch. 11, 12. Lects. XXX. -XXXII.,— Lowell II. ch. 13. 
college should realize that this game is as important 

to win as if two defeats were not behind us. It is 
our last chance. 

The second themes of the term will be due Tues- 
day, November 18. 

Juniors : 

1. The Character of Tom Brown (see "Tom 
Brown's School Days" and "Tom Brown at 

2. A Description : The Exterior of the Hubbard 
Library Building. 

3. Does a Protective Tariff Foster Trusts? 
Sophomores : 

1. Should Bowdoin Adopt the "One Year Rule" 
in Athletics? 

2. An Incident of the Summer Vacation. 

3. Some Characteristics of Addison's Essays. 

The following books have been recently added 
to the Library : "Principles of Argumentation," by 
G. P. Baker; "Matthew Arnold," by H. W. Paul 
(English Men of Letter Series) ; "William Hazlitt," 
by Augustine Burell ; "Colonial Government," by P. 
L. Reinsch ; "Psychological Elements of Religious 
Faith." by C. C. Everett, formerly Librarian of Bow- 
doin College ; "France Under Louis XV.," by J. B. 
Perkins ; "Life of Ulrich Zwinzle," by Samuel Simp- 
son ; "Philosophy of the Christian Religion," by A. 
M. Fairbaiin ; "Essays, Historical and Literary," by 
John Fiske; "History of Political Parties in United 
States," by J. P. Gordy ; "Italian Life in Town and 
Country," by Luigi Villair ; "The Shadow of the 
Rope," by E. W. Harming ; "The Dark o' the 
Moon," by L. R. Crockett ; "How to Make Baskets," 
by Mary White ; "French Revolution and Modern 
French Socialism," by J. B. Peirotto ; "Economic 
Policy of Colbert," by A. J. Sargent ; "The Empire 
of Business," by Andrew Carnegie. 

The October Quill, delayed by the absence from 
town of the editors, appeared last week. It is 
unfortunate that a college of this size can accord so 
little support to such -a literary undertaking that 
four of the six contributed articles in this single 
issue be by alumni. As the Quill is the standard 
by which the literary qualities of the college are 
judged elsewhere, it is a pity that the impression 
must go forth that the only Bowdoin men who can 
write are alumni. These alumni contributions, 
however, make up a very interesting issue. A bet- 
ter-chosen college story than "The Awakening of 
Colton, '92," has not appeared in the Quill for two 
years, and "Getting the Upper Hand," by Professor 
Mitchell, ranks with it. Besides the regular depart- 
ments "Ye Postman" and "Gray Goose Tracks." the 
latter of which is up to the high standard main- 
tained through this whole volume, there is a poem, 
"Under the Thorndike Oak," by James H. Taylor, 
'56 : a neat little story, "Watching Willie," by Frost, 
'04 : and Book Reviews by Stone, '02, and Fuller, '03. 


"When Reuben Comes to Town," at Jefferson 
Theatre, Portland. 

Polo at Portland. 

"The Heart of Chicago," Friday evening, at 
Columbia Theatre, Bath. 

Maine-Bowdoin foot-ball game, Saturday, at 




Bates 16, Bowdoin o. 

The game last Saturday was a disappointment to 
Bowdoin. Our team was decidedly outplayed and 
seemed to lack the spirit of fight which should char- 
acterize a team in an annual game with its athletic 
rival. The men did not show the pluck that they did 
in the game with Colby, and gave little evidence of 
the coaching which has been spent on them. Coach 
O'Connor should be exonerated from all responsi- 
bility for the defeat. He has done everything pos- 
sible to develop the team. It is not his fault that 
the men did not come up to the mark. Bates 
deserved all the credit. It clearly proved that it 
had the better team. Everyone of its eleven men 
went into the game as though his life depended upon 
its outcome, and- played for every ounce there was 
in him. Such spirit, whether Bowdoin or Bates, 
deserves admiration, and moreover it is bound to 
win, as it won for Bowdoin in 1899. 

About three thousand people witnessed the game. 
Bowdoin supporters had the south side of the field,, 
Bates the north. The cheering and singing on both 
sides was good. 

The game was called at 2.35 p.m. Bates kicked 
off to Bowdoin. Wilson, Chapman and Conners 
advanced the ball not over ten yards, and Munro 
was forced to punt. Bates steadily advanced the ball. 
Briggs and Towne each made 10-yard gains, and 
Towne one of fifteen. After 11 minutes of play, 
Bates made its first touchdown, Towne going 
through the line. Kendall kicked the goal. Munro 
kicked off to Cole. Bates by short gains advanced 
the ball up the field — Kendall made 20 yards and 
Johnson 15 through left guard. Then Kendall 
hurdled the line for Bates' second touchdown. Con- 
nor failed at an easy goal. Bates now advanced the 
ball to the center of the field, but fumbled, Beane 
falling on the ball on the 55-yard line. Chapman 
made two yards, Blanchard five, Conners two. Chap- 
man four. Bowdoin fumbled, but retained the ball, 
with a loss. Blanchard made only a yard on the 
next play, so Munro was forced to punt, the ball 
going over Bates' goal line, where Rounds fell on it 
for a touchback. Time for the end of the first half 
was then called. 

In the second half Bates carried the ball to the 
center of the field ; there Bates was off-side so was 
set back 10 yards. Towne tried an end play, but as 
he only made two yards he was forced to punt. The 
ball landed on Bowdoin's 45-yard line. Davis made 
five yards, Blanchard six. Chapman lost three. Bow- 
doin then tried a fake kick by which she gained five 
yards. Bowdoin punted, and Kendall caught the 
ball on the 30-yard line. He then hurdled the line 
for good gains. After 12 minutes of play Kendall 
made the third and last touchdown for Bates. He 
failed at 1 goal. 

The game finished with the ball in Bowdoin's 
possession near the center of the field. 

The feature of the game was the hurdling of 
Kendall and the snappy team-work of Bates. For 
Bowdoin there were no features. Wilson. Beane 
and Philoon played the best. The Bowdoin team 
was in good physical condition, and called time 
rarely for injuries. Bates players seemed to be 
easily hurt during the second half. 

1 he summary : — 
Bates. Bowdoin. 

Cote, 1. e r. e., Beane. 

Reed, 1. t r. t., Conners. 

r. t, Haley. 

Johnson, 1. g r. g., Hatch. 

r. g., Havey. 

Cutter, c c, Staples. 

Hunt, r. g 1. g., Shaw. 

Andrews, r. t 1. t, Davis. 

Connor, r. e 1. e., Philoon. 

Rounds, q. b q. b., Munro. 

Towne, 1. h. b r. h. b., Chapman. 

r. h. b., Winslow. 

Kendall, r. h. b 1. h. b., Blanchard. 

Briggs, f. b f. b., Wilson. 

Score — Bates 16. Touchdowns — Kendall 2, 
Towne. Goal from touchdown — Kendall. Umpire — 
Berry of Harvard Law. Referee — Dadmun of 
Worcester Tech. Linesmen — Bucknam of Bates, 
Bly of Bowdoin. Time — 25-m. halves. 

Coach Thompson who has been coaching Colby, 
will assist Coach O'Connor this week in coaching 
the 'varsity. 

There was a squad of 33 out for practice last 
Monday night. This looks encouraging. Let us 
hope that the team will surprise us all next Sat- 

If 120 will agree to go, round-trip tickets can be 
procured for the game at Bangor Saturday for two 
dollars. College spirit should certainly be strong 
enough to guarantee a crowd as large as that for 
this last chance we" have this season of taking away 
a little of a very unpleasant taste we all have in 
our mouths. Let us send a crowd to Bangor, and 
see if we cannot help the team in this last ditch. 

Our gymnasium, such as it is, would apparently 
meet the needs of the students for the present, but 
for one thing, and that is a "punching bag." A 
large number of the students take more interest in 
this form of pastime than in all the swings, parallel 
bars, and chest weights put together. The 
Orient hopes to see a punching bag in the gym- 
nasium for the winter term. 

Y. M. C. A, 

The speaker last Sunday was President Hyde, 
and there was a large audience to greet him. The 
subject was the "breadth and length and depth" men- 
tioned in the third chapter of Ephesians. He elu- 
cidated the three necessities for a well-rounded 
life typified in those words, — breadth of interests, 
length of noble principles enduring throughout one's 
life, and depth of culture and human sympathy. 

There was a solo by Archibald, '04, Sunday. 

'70. '76. '81.— Hon. D. S. Alexander, '70. of Buf- 
falo, and Hon. F. C. Stevens, '81, of St. Paul, Min- 
nesota, were re-elected to Congress by the recent 
elections. Hon. W. W. Towle, '76, of Boston, can- 
didate of his party in a hopelessly Democratic dis- 
trict, received a flattering vote. 




'55-'6i-'68. — At a recent meeting of the officers 
of the Maine General Hospital, Hon. W. L. Putnam, 
'55, of Portland, was elected president, and C. A. 
Ring, '68, a director. A fine tribute was paid Dr. 
Charles O. Hunt, '6l, who, after twenty-eight years 
of faithful service, has retired. In the evening a 
Banquet was given him at the Falmouth Hotel, 
where many prominent men of the State were 

'6i. — The Orient has received an elaborate bound 
bulletin of the census of 1900, describing the Textile 
Industries of the United States. It was prepared by 
Mr. Edward Stanwood, editor of the Youth's Com- 

'77. — Dr. Henry H. Smith is now settled in New 
Haven, Conn., where his practice is one of the 
largest in the city. 

'99. — At a reception given by Mr. and Mrs. H. 
L. Pratt of Lewiston, Friday night, November 7, the 
engagement of their daughter, Miss Anna L. Pratt, 
to Wallace H. White, Jr., was announced. Miss 
Pratt is a graduate of Bradford Academy and is 
prominent in Lewiston society. 

'01. — John Gregson, Jr., has been playing quar- 
terback this fall on the invincible Y. M. C. A. team 
at Steelton, Penn. 


'43. — Hon. William Dummer Northend, LL.D., 
one of the best known lawyers of New England, died 
at his residence, in Salem, Mass., October twenty- 
ninth. He had been in feeble health for a long time, 
but his death came unexpectedly. 

Mr. Northend was born February 23, 1823, in 
Newbury, Mass. He entered Bowdoin College in 
the Class of 1843, having received his preparatory 
education at Dummer Academy. During the two 
years following graduation, he studied law, and 
was admitted to the Essex bar in 1845. He was 
first a Whig and later a Republican in politics until 
1861 or 1862. He was in the State Senate up to 1861. 
He was very active in the political life of Essex dis- 
trict, as a Democrat, up to about ten years ago, 
when he was obliged to give up politics on account 
of advancing years. 

Mr. Northend was the oldest member of the 
Essex bar in point of service. Not many famous 
cases have been tried in his district during nearly 
sixty years in which he has not had a part. He was 
counsel for G. W. Stone in the celebrated Swamp- 
scott riot cases. By great efforts he secured a ver- 
dict against the defendants with heavy damages. A 
little later he was engaged in the famous pdst-office 
case of Salem, which for the time being caused him 
considerable unpopularity. The postmaster and his 
son were accused of embezzling a large sum of 
money from the post-office. Contrary to the opinion 
of the public and of the judge of the court, Mr. 
Northend firmly believed in the innocence of the 
postmaster. He made a masterly plea in behalf of 
the defendants and to the astonishment and indigna- 

tion of all secured their acquittal. Some time later 
evidence was produced which fully acquitted the 
postmaster and his son, and vindicated Mr. North- 
end's action. 

Mr. Northend was always a great student of 
political and general history, especially of the early 
history of the Massachusetts Bay Colony upon which 
he wrote and lectured extensively. In 1869 a vol- 
ume of his addresses and speeches was published. 

Among the young men who have studied law at 
his office have been General Cogswell, formerly 
member of Congress, and Secretary Moody, who is 
a nephew of his. 

Mr. Northend was overseer of Bowdoin College 
from 1874 to 1879 and from 1886 to 1892. He has 
also been vice-president of the trustees of Dummer 
Academy. As chairman of an alumni committee, 
he was instrumental in securing an endowment fund 
of $100,000 for the college in 1873. Although at one 
time he had cause for hard feeling against the 
Faculty, he graciously overcame it and to his death 
remained a loyal Bowdoin man. For a long time 
past he has not failed to send frequently a little 
remembrance to one member of the Faculty as a 
token of his devotion to his Alma Mater. He was 
certainly a man whose name the college will remove 
from its rolls with sorrow and whose remembrance 
will always remain as a type of an honored son of 

'63. — Thomas Wright Hale Hussey died in Read- 
ing, Mass., Sept. 6, 1902. He was born in Barring- 
ton, N. H., May 30, 1836, prepared for college at 
Colby Academy and graduated from Bowdoin Col- 
lege in the Class of 1863. In 1865 he received the 
degree of A.M. from Bowdoin. In college he was 
a member of the Theta Delta Chi fraternity and at 
graduation became a member of Phi Beta Kappa. 
After graduating he taught in the schoolsof Lebanon, 
Me., and Saco, Me., and later was principal of the 
following schools : Wellesley Hills High School, 
Mass. ; High School of Nashua, N. H. : Methuen 
High School, Methuen, Mass. ; and Franklin Acad- 
emy, Dover, N. H. 

Mr. Hussey gave up teaching in 1894 on account 
of his health and purchased a house in Reading. 
Mass., where he lived until his death. He is sur- 
vived bv a widow and two sons, Thomas P. and 
Richard" B. 

N. '90. — Hon. Nathan Webb, judge of the United 
States district and circuit courts of Maine, died at 
his house in Portland, November 8, 1902. 

He was born in Portland, May 7, 1825, attended 
Portland Academy, and was graduated from Har- 
vard in 1846. In 1864 he was elected a representa- 
tive to the legislature, where he served with dis- 
tinction. For twenty-three years he presided over 
the United States court in Maine, resigning on 
account of his health only a few months ago. He 
was of the. Universalist faith and served for many 
years as president of the Board of Trustees of the 
Maine General Hospital. He received the degree of 
LL.D. from Bowdoin in 1890 and the same degree 
from Harvard in 1899. He was one of the most 
distinguished legal men in New England, and deliv- 
ered some decisions as judge which are famous. 



No. 17. 





Clement F. Eobinson, 1903, Editor-in-Chief. 

Farnsworth G. Marshall, 1903, Business Manager. 

William T. Eowe, 1904, Assistant Editor-in-Chief. 
Harold J. Everett, 1904, Assistant Business Manager. 

Associate Editors. 
S. C. W. Simpson, 1903. E. H. E. Burroughs, 1905. 

S. T. Dana, 1904. W. S. Cushing, 1905. 

John W. Frost, 1904. "W. F. Finn, Jr., 1905. 

A. L. McCobb, 1905. 


Per annum, in advance, . 
Per Copy 

. $2.00. 
10 Cents. 

Please address business communications to the Business 
Manager, and all other contributions to the Editor-in-Chief. 

Entered at the Post -Office at Brunswick as Srcmnl-Class Mail Matter. 

Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston. 

The Orient due on Thanksgiving Day 
appears immediately after the recess, and there 
will be no other issue for the first week in 

Every Bowdoin man is pleased that Coach 
O'Connor has definitely consented to be with 
us next fall, and every one feels that the first 
requisite for a champion team is assured. No 
coach could have won the confidence and 
regard of the students more than he has, and 
he will surely be welcomed again next fall 
with loyalty and enthusiasm. 

Entirely apart from our discussion of the 
"One- Year Rule" elsewhere, we would 
respectfully call the attention of the Athletic 

Council to an unnecessary stringency in the rule 
as adopted. At many of the colleges having 
that rule (for instance, University of Michi- 
gan), those who have graduated from other 
colleges are expressly excluded from the 
action of the rule. Such an addition to the 
rule, if rule it is to be, would be, therefore, 
entirely proper, and would not deprive us of 
a certain class of ball-players from the Medi- 
cal School, on whom we have always 


A meeting of the Athletic Council was 
held last week, Thursday, November 13th. 
As the chairman of the Council, Mr. Hawes, 
was absent, Mr. Wing was elected temporary 
chairman. The first business was the nomi- 
nation of candidates for manager and assist- 
ant manager of the Foot-Ball Association, and 
the following men were nominated : For man- 
ager, H. H. Oakes, '04, and G. E. Kimball, 
'04; alternate, M. A. Bryant, '04. For assist- 
ant manager, S. Williams, '05, and D. C. 
White, '05 ; alternate, R. N. Cushing, '05. 

Plans for next year's* foot-ball schedule were 
discussed, and a committee of the Council con- 
sisting of Dr. Whittier and Coffin, '03, was 
appointed to confer with the manager, and 
coach if he had been secured, about the 
schedule. The matter of the coach was next 
brought up, and as the Council was unani- 
mously in favor of securing Coach O'Connor's 
services again if possible, Mr. Wing was dele- 
gated to approach him on the subject. Appro- 
priations were made for settling one or two 
tiills, and a few other matters discussed. 

But the most important action taken by the 
Council at this meeting, was the adoption of 
the one-year rule. "Hereafter no student 
coming to Bowdoin from another college shall 
participate in any athletic contest until one 
year after leaving that institution." All the 
teams outside of the State with which Bow- 
doin plays have this one-year rule, and to get 
into line with them and to save ourselves from 



any suspicion, however unjust, of hiring men, 
it was necessary to pass this rule. It will 
undoubtedly put us at a disadvantage with the 
other Maine colleges, which do not receive 
nearly as many men from other colleges as 
Bowdoin ; but it was inevitable that the rule 
should come, so the sooner the better. 
Although Maine and Colby do not at present 
have this rule, they will in all probability fol- 
low the example set by Bowdoin and adopt it 
before long. The Bates Faculty adopted it 


College discussion this week has centered 
on the "one-year rule," but college sentiment 
has yet shown no signs of crystallizing into a 
definite purpose. The Orient can hardly 
venture, so early in the discussion, to settle 
what is the most reasonable college opinion, of 
which it is the aim of the Orient always to be 
the expression. This week, therefore, it will 
try only to state the two sides to this matter 
which is honestly perplexing the students. 

The opinion of the Athletic Council is 
tersely set forth in the report from the meeting 
of the council, which we print elsewhere. 
They believe that under the first provision of 
the Constitution of 'the Council they have 
sweeping powers, and that nobody of the stu- 
dents disputes that such a grant is wise. 
Under that grant of power they feel that they 
can act fully, subject only to overruling by 
two-thirds vote of the students in meeting 
called to amend the Constitution. Accord- 
ingly, they have investigated the systems of 
other colleges in regard to eligibility, and 
although Faculty and students alike of several 
other colleges earnestly advised that Bowdoin 
should not try to adopt the so-called "strict 
eligibility rules," which are so farcically 
enforced, these colleges are a unit in urging 
the adoption of the "one-year rule." In addi- 
tion to this general advice, the report that 
Bowdoin has never adopted that rule is 
beginning already to be used by those who do 
not wish us well, to create an impression that 
Bowdoin's athletics, of which we have always 
been so proud, are not clean, but that we delib- 
erately refuse to adopt the customary rule so 
that we can hire players from other colleges. 
Although we may scorn such reports, the 
council felt that they are not scorned by those 
who are not on the spot. Even the Faculty 

have been forced to discuss the matter, and 
though Faculty regulation is something from 
which our athletics have been free, the Faculty 
have felt it courteous to send Dr. Whittier as 
a representative to a conference on the matter 
called by the president of another college for 
next week Saturday, and as a result of that 
conference the Faculty may be put in so 
embarrassing a position if the students do not 
voluntarily sustain the action already taken by 
the Athletic Council, that for purposes of 
intercollegiate comity, which is all-important 
for the wider interest of the college, outside 
and above athletics, it may be obliged to take 
action itself. The Council, as one of its mem- 
bers has unofficially said, felt it a necessity to 
take this move, forestalling unpleasantness, 
and entirely aside from the merits of the rule 
itself. They feel that a student endorsement 
of the position they have taken would be desir- 
able, and they will probably ask for that 
endorsement at the fall meeting of the Athletic 
Association. A refusal to endorse their posi- 
tion, however, they will not necessarily con- 
sider binding on them, in consideration of the 
facts above stated which prompted their 
action ; unless such action took the form of 
amendment to the constitution at a meeting 
called for the purpose, expressly casting out 
the troublesome rule. Such action would 
hardly be possible, involving as it would items 
in all the newspapers of New England which 
would give the facts of the adoption of the 
provision without the explanation of the 
honest motives behind it. And even then, if 
the Council should be discredited by those 
who elected it, behind the Council is the 
Faculty, which can impose any rule that it 
sees fit. 

The opponents of the action of the Council 
concentrate their attention more on the rule 
itself than on its intercollegiate relations. 
They feel that the Athletic Council, with all its 
power in general which is undisputed, had not 
power to incorporate, by vote alone, any eligi- 
bility rule, filling in, by that fact, without con- 
sultation with the students, the part of the 
Constitution left for further legislation. They 
feel that, in particular, the Council had no 
power to adopt for an eligibility provision a 
rule which was decisively voted down by the 
students after thorough discussion last spring, 
and which was dismissed almost unanimously 
when the Constitution was first read to the 
students. Accordingly, they say that in 



announcing its decision in the newspapers as 
final, the Council exceeded its authority, and 
that if, because of that public announcement, 
any adverse newspaper comments are caused 
by the refusal of the students to back up the 
council, the council has only itself to blame, 
although the students chose it, and the stu- 
dents stand ready to sustain it as long as it 
acts legally. In regard to the details of the 
rule, it is attacked on the ground that Bow- 
doin is differently situated from any of the 
colleges which have adopted the rule, and is 
not reasonably bound to follow their lead, or 
the lead of those nearer neighbors, which have 
called a conference for almost the sole pur- 
pose of getting us to adopt that rule. It is 
said that Bowdoin, with its position alpngside 
only Harvard and Yale in demanding entrance 
examinations, is bound to have many men 
admitted by transference from the colleges 
which admit on certificate ; and that it is 
suicide to our athletic teams to forbid these 
men from playing, a move which no college, 
even in Massachusetts, could justly ask us to 
take. Finally, opponents of the rule pride 
themselves on the purity of our athletics, 
which has never been specifically maligned 
with any other proof than assertion, and offer 
our good-faith as our guarantee that we get 
no men in unfair ways. As a definite pro- 
ceeding, they ask the Council to withdraw the 
vote, and to issue an honest explanation of 
the reasons for doing so, couched in such a 
manner that neither our neighbors in Maine, 
nor friends in Massachusetts, can take offense. 
And thus the rules will be left as they have 
been in this respect, since the college first 
began in athletics. 

Such are the two sentiments. The Orient 
hopes that the essential features of both will 
be thoroughly discussed before the athletic 
meeting, so that in the issue immediately 
after Thanksgiving the paper can definitely 
assume a position which the college sentiment 
can support. At present, we are certain that 
a majority of the students dislike the action 
of the Council. .Whether presently the • rea- 
sons which caused the action will become 
more effective for converting students to that 
opinion, or whether, on the other hand, the 
arguments from Bowdoin's uniqueness will 
prevail, a short time should indicate. 

G. A. Henty, the author of the historical stories 
which we all read during our fitting-school days, 
died at London, Sunday. 


Friday, Nov. 21 — Fall Meeting of Athletic Asso- 
Saturday, Nov. 22 — Sophomore-Freshman Games. 
Tuesday, Nov. 25 — Deutscher Verein Meeting. 
Wednesday, Nov. 26 — Thanksgiving recess begins. 
Monday, Dec. 1 — Recess ends. 
Saturday, Dec. 6 — Monologues by Miss Karr, 

Saturday Club Lecture Course. 
Friday, Dec. 19 — Exams, begin. 
Wednesday, Dec. 24 — Christmas recess commences. 
Tuesday, Jan. 6 — Winter term opens. 


Resolved, That the United States should own and 
control its railroads. 


General references — Lewis, National Consolida- 
tion of Railroads, chs. I., III., VII., XII., XV. 
Supreme Court Report, No. 93. Harper's Magazine, 
LXXIIL, 250, C. Wood. Davis— in Arena Vol. IV. 
Larrabee, — The Railroad Question, ch. XIII. 
Stickney— The Railway Problem, chs. VIII., XIII. 
Alexander, Railway Practice, pages 8, 56, 58. Lalor, 
Cyclopedia, III. 502. Railway Transportation ch. 
V. Newcomb, — Railroad Economics, pp. 43-55- 


The greatest industry of our country is agricul- 
ture, according to the amount of invested capital. 
Second to this is the railroads. They conduct the 
commercial relations between our states. Being 
thus public highways, they are very essential to the 
good of the public, and upon them our prosperity 
rests to the very greatest extent. Some objections 
are made to corporation control of these roads, 
in that they do not perform their intended functions. 
A remedy proposed for this is government control 
and ownership. In the present system, discrimina- 
tion appears to be the worse failing. 

Brief Proper. 
I. The present system is disadvantageous to pub- 
lic interests, because, A. The interests of the major- 
ity are sacrificed for the benefit of a few, since, I. 
They have unjust discrimination among individuals, 
places, and commodities. Railway Economics, pp. 
93-120. Railway Practice, p. 58. The Railway 
Problem, pp. 27-36. They have discriminations 
between a long and short haul. Railway Economics, 
pp. 104-110. 3. They check supplies of public 
necessities. Arena Vol. 4, 281. 

B. Railroads neglect the public welfare since 
1. They have poor service. The Railway Problem, 
ch. VIII. 2. They have defective construction. 
National Consolidation of R. R. ch. I. 3. They 
have a prevalence of accident. The Railway Prob- 
lem, pp. 36-45. Railway Transportation, ch. V. 
4. They waste capital by competition. Harper's 
Mag. LXXIIL 250. 

C. Railroads are governmental functions, since, 
1. They have the right of "Eminent Domain." 2. 
They are so declared by the decisions of the Supreme 
Court. U. S. Supreme Court Report, No. 93, p. 442. 



II. The evils of private eontrol cannot be reme- 
died by legislative measures. (C. B. Stickney, 
ch. XV.) A. Interstate Commerce Act has failed. 
(Report Industrial Commission 1900 Vol. 4, page 
20. Report Interstate Commerce Commission 1901. 
page 7.) 

III. Public ownership would put an end to evils 
of private management, for, A. There would be no 
discrimination between commodities; average rate 
could be established. (Lewis, National Consolida- 
tion of Railroads, ch. VI.) B. There would be 
none between places, traffic would take natural 
routes. (Reports Interstate Commerce Commission 
1897.) C. There would be none between individ- 
uals, government would have no preference (Rail- 
way Practice, by Alexander, ch. VII.) 

IV. Public ownership is legal and constitu- 
tional, for, A. Eminent authorities so declare. 
(Cooley on Taxation, page 194. Burroughs on 
Taxation, page 12. Mills on Eminent Domain.) B. 
State and Supreme Court have so decided (Reports 
United States Supreme Court, Vol. 127, page 1.) 

V. Public ownership is practical, for A. Gov- 
ernment runs post-office successfully. (Report 
Industrial Commission, Vol. IX.) B. Government 
ownership of railroads is a success in foreign 
countries (Lalor's Cyclopedia, III. 502. Report 
Industrial Commission, Vol. IV, page 747.) 


Since the evils of private management cannot 
be cured by mere governmental repression and since 
government ownership and control would stop the 
evils as is shown by the experience in the postal 
service and in the example of foreign countries, 
we conclude that the United States should own 
and control the railroads. 

H. L. Webber, '03, C. T. Harper, '04. 

General references,— J. F. Hudson, The Rail- 
ways and the Republics, 326. Political Science 
Quarterly, III. 572 (Dec, 1888.) Nation, XLV, 
346 (Nov. 3, 1887) ; LI.. 205 (Sept. 11, 1898). J. 
M. Bonham, Railroad Secrecy and Trusts, Chap. 
II. -IV. J. S. Jeans, Railway Problems. Bryce : 
The American Commonwealth. Gerrid L. Lansing 
in North American Review, Vol. 138 (1884) ; Vol 
156 (1893.) A. T. Hadley: Railroad Transporta- 
tion. W. S. Jevons : Methods of Social Reform 
PP- 353-83. A. T. Hadley: Popular Science 
Monthly, Vol. 29, pp. 10-11. A. T. Hadley in New 
Princeton Review, Vol. 2 (1886). Harry Necumb: 
Railway Economics. 

Statement of question. 

Brief Proper. 
I. Private ownership results in better efficiency. 
A. It is not a little remarkable that in England the 
government has less to do with the railroads than 
in any other country of Europe, and that the rail- 
roads of England are the best in Europe ; that in the 
United States the government has still less to do 
with the railroads and there they are the best in 
the world, being most efficient in, 1. Cheapness of 

rates, safety of service, speed and luxuriousness. 
(a) Rates in United States on freight per ton mile 
1.06, in Belgium 1.3, in England, Germany and 
France much higher, (b) Although our passenger 
rates are higher, our distances are longer and our 
service better. 2. In the development of new lines, 
(a) For the United States having 41 per cent, of 
world's mileage, has more miles per inhabitant, x. 
Because for every 10,000 of inhabitants the United 
States has 26.0 miles of railway, Germany 5.6,) 
France 6.6, Russia 2.2. (Necumb: Railway Eco- 

B. Government ownership has not been suc- 
cessful in other countries. 1. France. (A. T. Had- 
ley : Railroad Transportation.) 2. Italy. (A. T. 
Hadley: New Princeton Review, Vol. 2, 1886.) 3. 
Australia. (Economic Journal, II., p. 636, Dec. 
1892.) 4. Sweden. (J. S. Jeans : Railway Prob- 
lems.) 5. Germany. (A. T. Hadley: Railroad 

II. Railroads are not extortionists. A. For only 
a fair profit is returned on the capital invested. 1. 
The average returns of railroads in this country are 
less than four per cent. (A. T. Hadley : Railroad 
Transportation. North American Review, Vol. 156, 
p. 556, May 1893.) 

III. The evils of discrimination are not so great 
as the evils of public ownership. A. Government 
ownership is not good commercial policy because it 
destroys competition. 1. For some of the natural 
forces which regulate the rates charged by railroads 
are: (a) Competition of capital; (b) competition 
of parallel railroads and water routes ; (c) competi- 
tion of markets; (d) efforts of railroads to increase 
their traffic and net income by decreasing their rates. 
2. Roads would not be so efficient (a) because the 
development of new methods of transportation would 
not be encouraged. 3. The financial arrangement 
is too elaborate for average citizens to understand. 
Railroad Transportation pp. 57-60. B. Govern- 
ment ownership offers great increase of political 
patronage. 1. The most sanguine state socialist 
would not impose such a strain on the virtue of 
American politicians. (a) Because it would 
seriously disturb the constitutional balance between 
states and federal authority, (b) Because its com- 
plicated financial arrangement would make frauds 


D. C. Munroe, '03 ; R. E. Hall, '05. 

The mass-meeting last Friday night was one 
of the most enthusiastic we have had this year. 
Besides the regular send-off that is given the team, 
Coach O'Connor was presented with a beautiful 
gold watch, a gift in which the entire student body 
had a share. The presentation was ably made by 
Martin, '03, to which the coach responded in a few 
words. The gift was a complete surprise to him, 
and he was much affected. We all feel indebted to 
Mr. O'Connor for the conscientious work and effort 
he has put forth and, although a losing team has 
been coached, yet it is not at all the fault of Mr. 
O'Connor. We rejoice that he will be with us next 
year, and hope that the team he directs will win vic- 
tories on numerous gridirons. 




Coach O'Connor left for his home in Bradford, 
Mass., Sunday. 

The picture of the foot-ball team and election of 
captain will probably take place next week. 

Phillips, '03, was called to his home in Brewer 
last week by the death of his mother. 

The class in Psychology attended the Congrega- 
tional Church, Sunday, for some "laboratory-work." 

A number of the students saw Creatore and his 
famous Italian band, at the Columbia Theatre, Bath, 

A larger proportion of students than usual 
received mid-term warnings, minor or major, last 

The training table is now a thing of the past 
and the Fraternity clubs have resumed their usual 

About eighty of the students went down to Ban- 
gor Saturday together, and have been straggling 
back ever since. 

The Freshmen and Sophomores are practicing 
every afternoon, on the gridiron, for their annual 
game Saturday. 

P. P. Thompson, of Portland, Dartmouth, '02, 
is in town. He intends to enter the medical school 
in January. He was manager of the Dartmouth base- 
ball team last spring. 

There were good cuts of the Hubbard Library 
and the new Psi Upsilon Chapter House in Satur- 
day's issue of the Lewiston Journal. 

There will be a solo by Miss Gibson of Bath at 
the Y. M. C. A. service next Sunday. The speaker 
will be Rev. Mr. Miller of Brunswick. 

Fred Harrigan, proprietor of the Bowdoin hotel, 
has purchased a lot on Middle Street adjoining the 
M. C. R. R. station, and will build a modern three- 
Story hotel. 

A revision of dates is now under discussion by a 
Faculty Committee, by which the '68 speaking, the 
Amherst debate, and the Bradbury debate shall not 
interfere with each other. 

Ellis Spear, Jr., '98, spent Sunday on the campus. 
Formerly an examiner in United States patent office, 
Washington, D. C, he is now a patent lawyer located 
at 231 Tremont Building, Boston, Mass. 

Woodruff, '06, entertained the Theta Delta Chi 
Freshmen at his home on Friday evening. Cake, 
cocoa, grapes and creamed partridge were served. 
For a Freshman affair, it was undoubtedly a bril- 
liant success. 

Walker, '03, will be absent all next term as a pri- 
vate tutor. He will be missed at the '68 prize speak- 
ing and in the trials for the Amherst debate, where 
he was expected to be a prominent candidate for 
the debating team. 

After the mass-meeting last Friday evening, the 
three upper delegations of the Theta Delta Chi fra- 
ternity gave a farewell spread to Coach O'Connor. 
Refreshments were enjoyed and a very pleasant 
evening was passed. 

At the entertainment given under the auspices of 
the ladies of the UniversaHst Church of Brunswick 
last Wednesday evening, a vocal solo entitled, "Der 
Weg zum Frieden," was rendered by Herms, '04, in 
a highly pleasing manner. 

James Ryan of St. John, N. B., Princeton, '05, 
has applied for admission to the Sophomore Class 
at Bowdoin, and the application will be acted upon 
at once. He has been a tenor on the Princeton Glee 
Club, and a member of the foot-ball squad. 

A company of unusual strength will support Mr. 
Herbert Kelcey and Miss Effie Shannon in their 
production of "Sherlock Holmes" at the Jefferson 
Theatre, Portland, November 26-27. The play has 
met with a flattering reception in New York. 

Rev. Henry Hurlbutt of the Bangor Theological 
School, preached at the Congregational Church last 
Sunday, and at chapel in the afternoon. Rev. Mr. 
Thomas, of East Orange, N. J., who was delayed 
last Sunday, will preach at church and chapel next 

One of the members of the Junior Class has gen- 
erously offered a suit of clothes worth $40 or an 
overcoat of equal value to the individual champion 
of the next in-door meet. It is a little early to spec- 
ulate in regard to this event, but it may be safely 
said that the winner cannot now be picked. 

Faculty meetings hereafter will be held on alter- 
nate Mondays instead of weekly. The intervening 
Monday will be given up to meetings of the various 
committees of the Faculty, which have come to exer- 
cise more and more of the power in details of 

A mass-meeting called by F. G. Marshall, '03, 
President of the Debating Club, was held in Memo- 
rial Hall, Tuesday evening, November 18, to con- 
sider arrangements for the Amherst debate. The 
matter was left in the hands of a committee of 
three — Marshall, Stover, and Martin. 

Many students attended the pleasant reception 
given by Mrs. Edward D. Johnson at the rectory of 
St. Paul's Episcopal Church, on Pleasant Street, 
November 13th. Mrs. Johnson was assisted in 
receiving by her husband, the rector, and her aunt, 
Miss Enge of Newport, R. I. 

The Harvard undergraduates had as their guest 
of honor, Friday, of last week, Mrs. Carrie Nation. 
She travelled from one building to another, making 
speeches, and snatching cigarettes from the mouths 
of the students. Her speeches were based on the 
assumption that tobacco and whiskey are the devil's 
Siamese twins. 

It is suggested to appropriate money from the 
athletic treasury to send a delegation to carry 
information about Bowdoin to some of the leading 
fitting-schools, in the same way that delegates from 
other colleges urge the claims of those colleges at 
these same schools. 

Even yet there is some game left outside of 
Aroostook County. A couple of Theta Delta Chi 
gunners took a twenty-mile walk down around 
Maquoit and Bunganuc, and returned with a couple 
of rabbits and a brace of partridges, — although the 
hunters were not members of the Bowdoin Gun 



T. H. Riley, Jr., '03, entertained his delegation in 
Alpha Delta Phi, with nine young ladies from 
Brunswick and vicinity, at his residence on Pleasant 
Street, Tuesday evening, November 18th, in honor 
of the recent announcement of his engagement to 
Miss Orra Mitchell of Bath. 

The plastering of the ground floor of the Hub- 
bard Library Building is practically done and the 
oak wainscotting is now being put in place. One 
can get a very good idea of the finished appearance 
of this floor, particularly of the imposing central hall 
into which the entrance opens. 

The following fourteen men have been awarded 
their "B's" in foot-ball this fall : Blanchard, Conners, 
Havey, Munro, Shaw, 1903; Beane, 1904; Davis. 
Finn, Hatch, Philoon, 1905 ; Chapman, Porter, Wins- 
low, 1906; Staples, special. The management hopes 
to be able to purchase sweaters and have them here 
earlv in December. 

A flaw in the radiator in Room 28, North Win- 
throp Hall, occupied by McCormick, '03, and Bar- 
rows, '03, burst Wednesday evening, flooding the 
room. The water soaked through the floor, knock- 
ing down the ceiling in room 24, which is occupied 
by Cook, '05. Much damage was done to the fur- 
niture in both rooms. 

The ladies of the St. Paul's Episcopal Church 
are conducting a Woman's Exchange in the court- 
room on Saturday afternoons from two until four. 
Everything eatable, from sandwiches to pies, may be 
purchased there, or ordered in advance. The ladies 
will make a specialty of dainty provisions for stu- 
dent "feeds," and those who have clubs or chums 
to, entertain will do well to give the ladies a chance 
to help them out. 

The November number of the Intercollegiate 
News is as usual full of interesting reports from 
colleges all over the country. We are surprised and 
displeased, however, that there is no report from 
Bowdoin in this issue as there was not in the pre- 
vious one, although Bowdoin appears on the list of 
colleges which publish it. It is to be hoped that 
the next issue, and every one thereafter, will have 
detailed Bowdoin correspondence. 

The fourth debate of the term occurred on 
Wednesday of last week, . with Robinson, '03, pre- 
siding. The question was : Resolved, — That the 
United States government should own and control 
its railroads. Affirmative : Webber, '03, and Har- 
per, '04. Negative : Munro, '03, and Hall, '05. The 
affirmative won on the merits of the debate. As 
usual the speaking from the floor was terse and 

The Penobscot Valley Alumni Association of 
Bowdoin College gave the foot-ball team and vis- 
iting alumni a dinner at Bangor last Saturday even- 
ing, after the game. The gathering was a most 
delightful one, and Bowdoin cheers were frequently 
given. "Phi Chi" and "Bowdoin Beata" were sung 
with as much enthusiasm as if it had been an over- 
whelming Bowdcin victory. If the defeat in the 
afternoon had been hard to bear, surely the men in 
the evening did not show it. The toast-master was 
C. T. Hawes, '76. Interesting speeches were made 
by Dr. Whittier, '85, Dr. D. A. Robinson, '73, 
Coach O'Connor, H. L. Fairbanks, '95, Captain 
Munro, and Manager Nutter. 

The Bowdoin cheering at the game at Bangor, 
Saturday, was the best of the season. Gathered in 
a bunch along the sidelines the men made every 
shout tell. Several shouts were used for the first 
time since the season began, such as "Hold 'em 
Bowdoin," repeated in fast time. The cheering of 
Maine was as well-drilled and therefore as 
effective as usual, under the direction of competent 

One great charm of "A Message from Mars," 
which Charles. Hawtrey and his London Company 
will introduce at the Jefferson Theatre, Portland, 
November 24, is said to lie in its absolutely whole- 
some tone. Yet this is not attained at the sacrifice 
of any strength or humor. The laughter that 
accompanies the representation is said to be inces- 
sant, except for a few moments when there is enough 
of pathos to form a strong contrast. 

"It is a noticeable fact that divines are being 
succeeded by specialists along certain lines of knowl- 
edge as presidents of American universities, and 
that the general tendency is for colleges to be non- 
sectarian. Following is a partial list of college 
presidents and their specialties : Hadley of Yale, 
James of Northwestern, and Wilson of Princeton, 
political economists ; Eliot of Harvard, and Remsen 
of Johns Hopkins, chemists; Schurman of Cornell, 
and Butler of Columbia, philosophers ; Jordan of 
Stanford, zoologist ; Angell of Michigan, a literateur; 
and Wheeler of California, a philologist. Of cleri- 
cal college presidents there are Faunce of Brown, 
Harper of Chicago, Tucker of Dartmouth, Hyde of 
Bowdoin, Andrews of Nebraska, Harris of 
Amherst, Thwing of Western Reserve, the late 
John Henry Barrows of Oberlin, Bashford of Ohio 
Wesleyan, and Day of Syracuse. — Daily Palo Alto. 

A new club has been formed in college, the 
object of which is to promote the interest in the 
Shop-Work courses, and to discuss and hear dis- 
cussed different topics relating to them. Its name is 
"The Bowdoin Mechanics' Club." Its membership 
is composed of the men taking Shop-Work 1, and its 
officers are as follows : President, B. C. Emery ; 
Vice-President, D. I. Gould ; Secretary, J. A. Har- 
low ; Treasurer, L. C. Whitmore ; honorary mem- 
bers, Professor Hutchins and Mr. Simpson. During 
the winter, lectures will be given before the club 
by some of the leading mechanics of the State, and 
it is proposed, also, to have a number of public 

Reading in History 4 to the end of the term — to 
November 5 : Thwaites, chs. 4, 5, 13 ; MacDonald, 
Nos. 1, 2, 3, 6, 12, 21, 26, 49. To November 12: 
Thwaites, chs. 6, 9, 10; MacDonald, Nos. 4, 5, 8, 17, 
19, 42, 38, 40, 46. To Nov. 19 : Thwaites, chs. 7, 8, 14 ; 
MacDonald, Nos. 7, 10, 14, 15, 16, 18, 20, 24, 27. 
To Nov. 26: Thwaites, ch. 11; Hart, Formation of 
the Union, chs. 1, 2; MacDonald, Nos. 22, 23, 25, 
28, 34, 43, 45, 47, SO, 51, 58, 54- To Dec. 3: Hart, 
ch. 3; MacDonald, Nos. 53-66; and one of the fol- 
lowing : Sloane, French War and American Revolu- 
tion, chs. 10-16; or Fiske, American Revolution, 
chs. 1-3. To Dec. 10: Hart, ch. 4; MacDonald, 
67-80 ; Sloane, French War and American Revolu- 
tion, ohs. 4-8. To Dec. 17: MacDonald, Select 
Documents, Nos. 1, 3 ; and one of the following, — 
Sloane, French War and American Revolution, chs. 



24-30; or Fiske, American Revolution, chs. 9-15, and 
Critical Period, ch. I. 

Reading to the end of the term in History 7 : 
To Nov. 14: Robinson, chs. 9-10, and one of 
the following, — Emerton, Mediaeval Europe, ch. 7 ; 
Adams, Civilization, ch. 9. To Nov. 21 : Robinson, 
chs. 11, 12, 13, 14. To Dec. 5: Robinson, chs. IS, 
16; and "Urban and Crusades" and "Monastic 
Tales." To Dec. 12 : Robinson, chs. 17, 18, 19. 

A large water turtle died at the Bowdoin College 
Science Building last week, after being caged for 
four years and three months. Ffofessor L. A. Lee, 
instructor of this department, says that the creature 
lived the above stated time without eating food. 
Every appetizing food was offered the turtle yet it 
would not eat in captivity. It was given plenty of 
water and seemed to enjoy life. It would seem that 
nothing could exist without food, but the turtle lived 
over four years without the slightest taste of any- 
thing but water. The story seems almost incredi- 
ble, yet it is true. There can be no deception, as 
the turtle was kept in a wire cage under a lock and 
key, and although food was offered it by attendants, 
it would not eat. — Kennebec lournal. 

The turtle which was the subject of the above 
newspaper item will be well remembered by those 
who have been connected with Professor Lee's 
department at any time during the last three years, 
and any one of them will vouch for the veracity of 
the statement. Numerous other stories are in cir- 
culation in regard to the turtle, one of which is that 
it learned to distinguish between individuals during 
its captivity. 

The schedule in Debating 1 for the rest of the 
term is as follows: 

Sixth debate, Monday, November 24. Briefs due 
Wednesday, November 19. Question : Resolved, 
That reciprocity between the United States and Cuba 
should be established. Affirmative : Phillips, Greene. 
Negative : Farley, Henderson. 

Seventh debate, Tuesday, December 2. Briefs 
due Wednesday, November 26. Question : Resolved, 
That the education of the Southern Negro should be 
industrial rather than liberal. Affirmative : Stover, 
Harvey. Negative : F. E. Towne, Mikelsky. 

Eighth debate, Thursday, December 4. Briefs 
due Wednesday, November 26. Question : Resolved, 
That Webster's position on the slavery question as 
set forth in his speech of March 7, 1850, was, under 
the circumstances, the wise position to take. Affirm- 
ative : Gould, Whitney, Kimball. Negative : Mar- 
tin, Merrill, Campbell. 

Ninth debate, Monday, December 8. Briefs due 
Wednesday, December 3. Question : Resolved, 
That the application of the Monroe Doctrine by the 
United States in the Venezuelan controversy of 1895 
was historically justifiable and politically wise. 
Affirmative : Woodbury, Shaw, Damren. Negative : 
Walker, Towne, W. Hall. 

Tenth debate, Thursday, December 11. Briefs 
due Friday, December 5. Question : Resolved, 
That Congress should remove tariff duties on goods 
produced in the United States by trusts and indus- 
trial combinations. Affirmative : Robinson, Stover, 
Munro. Negative : Webber, Marshall, Henderson. 

Eleventh debate, Monday, December 15. Briefs 
due Wednesday, December 10. Question : Resolved, 

That the exclusion by the United States of Chinese 
immigrants, according to the provisions of the law 
enacted by Congress in 1902, is a wise policy. Sides 
not assigned. Debaters, Farley, Harvey, Mikelsky 
F. E. Towne, Phillips, Simpson. 

Y. M. C. A. 

On Sunday afternoon, November 16, the speaker 
was the Rt. Rev. Robert Codman, Bishop of the 
Episcopal Diocese of Maine. Bishop Codman has 
just returned from a visit among some of the out- 
lying districts of the State, and his talk was in the 
nature of an appeal for more young men to enter 
into this great work. He emphasized the need of 
consecrated college men in this field and urged that 
we, as college men, would not let this call go 
unheeded in our choice of a life work. 

The solo was by Mr. Ernest Crawford of 

On Thursday evening the subject "To Every 
Man His Work" was discussed with Greene, '05, as 

During the last few weeks the attendance at these 
Thursday meetings has been very small, but now 
that the foot-ball season is over we can surely devote 
this half-hour on the Thursday evening for this 

The subject for this Thursday evening will be 


U. OF M. 11, Bowdoin o. 

Bowdoin met defeat Saturday in Bangor before 
the U. of M. eleven. The field was covered with 
mud and water ; this placed Bowdoin at a great dis- 
advantage, for Finn was unable to hurdle since the 
mud hindered him from getting a start, also the plays 
had to be limited to line bucking, and as Maine's 
backs were ten to fifteen pounds heavier, they were 
able to gain more ground. The game was remarka- 
ble for its shortness, as little time was taken out 
for men injured. Bowdoin outplayed Maine in the 
first half, but neither team was able to score. In 
the second half, the Maine team took a decided 
brace, making two touchdowns. 

First half: Bowdoin won the toss, and Maine 
kicked off, the first down being on Bowdoin's 
32-yard line. Bowdoin by steady gains from Finn, 
Chapman, and Blanchard rushed the ball to Maine's 
51-yard line where it was lost. Maine could not 
make the distance and was forced to punt. Bow- 
doin worked back to Maine's 40-yard line and again 
lost the ball. There were two or three exchanges 
of punts and the half ended with the ball in Maine's 
possession on her own 48-yard line. At this time 
it looked as if neither team would score. 

Second half: Maine got the ball on Bowdoin's 
50-yard line, and commenced some hard, steady line 
plunging, Dorticos and Bearce taking the ball to 



Bowdoin's 14-yard line. Dorticos was given the ball 
and was dragged through the mud by Bearce and 
Bean for a touchdown, after he had made a line 
plunge of 10 yards. Dorticos kicked an easy goal. 
After an exchange of punts, one of which was 
blocked by Maine, Bowdoin punted to Bailey on 
Maine's four-yard line. Maine made her second 
touchdown by line plunges. Dorticos missed the 
goal. Time was called after the kick-off, Maine 
having the ball on her own 35-yard line. The sum- 
U. of M. Bowdoin. 

Taylor, 1. e r. e., Beane. 

Wood, 1. t r. t., Conners. 

Reed, I. g r. g., Havey. 

r. g., Hatch. 

Learned, c c, Hatch. 

c, Shaw, 
c, Staples. 

Sawyer, r. g 1. g-, Shaw. 

1. g., Davis. 

Towse, r. t 1. t., Haley. 

1. t, Davis. 
1 .t., Philoon. 

Bean, r. e 1. e., Porter. 

1. e., Philoon. 

Bailey, q. b q. b., Munro. 

Bearce, 1. h. b r. h. b., Chapman. 

.Parker, r. h. b 1. h. b., Blanchard. 

1. h. b., Winslow. 
Dorticos, f. b f. b., Finn. 

Score — U. of M. 11. Touchdowns — Dorticos 2. 
Goal from touchdown — Dorticos. Umpire — Crawley 
of B. U. ; referee, Hammond of Amherst. Lines- 
men — Chase, U. of M. ; Thompson, Dartmouth. 
Time — 25-m. halves. 


The Orient subscribes to the following all- 
Maine team, which it believes would be hard to bet- 
ter : 1. e., Beane of Bowdoin ; 1. t., Keene of Colby ; 
1. g., Johnson of Bates; c, Cutter of Bates; r. g., 
Hunt of Bates or Sawyer of U. of M. ; r. t., Towse 
of U. of M. ; r. e., Bean of U. of M. ; f. b., Dorti- 
cos of U. of M. (Captain) ; r. h., Kendall of Bates; 
1. h., Chapman of Bowdoin; q. b., Bailey of U. 
Of M. 

The tennis management has received a letter from 
the manager of the Amherst Tennis Association in 
regard to a dual tournament next spring. 

The punting cup contest was announced to take 
place Wednesday the 20th, but there had been no 
entries submitted to the manager when the Orient 
went to press. 

'85. — Dr. F. N. Whittier read a paper on "State 
Laboratories in New England," at the meeting of 
the Maine Academy of Medicine and Science, in 
Portland, last week. 

'90. — F. E. Dennett of Bath, has been appointed 
an examiner in the patent office at Washing- 
ton, D. C. 

'96. — George T. Ordway has for the fourth suc- 
cessive time been elected first on the Rpublican com- 
mittee of his ward in Boston. 


'52. — "Ex-Governor Joshua L. Chamberlain is put 
forward by his home Post as a candidate for the 
next department commander of the Maine G. A. R. 
Few living soldiers had a more brilliant war record 
than Gen. Chamberlain, and in peace as well as in 
war he has won many laurels and worn them well." — 
Kennebec Journal. 

'60. — Hon. J. W. Symonds delivered a very able 
and interesting address at the dedication of the 
chapel at the Mary Brown Home, in which he paid 
a fitting and touching tribute to the memory of the 
late Judge Webb, H. '90, who took a deep interest 
in all philanthropic work. 

'60. — Gen. Oliver O Howard has written for the 
Christian Herald the story of his tour among the 
mountain whites of Kentucky, which ended during 
the latter part of September. Gen. Howard's tour 
has brought out many interesting facts concerning 
this unique race of people about whom so very little 
was formerly known. 

'yy. — Hon. Wm. T. Cobb of Rockland has made 
formal announcement that he will be a candidate for 
the gubernatorial nomination in the Republican 
State Convention of 1904. Mr. Cobb was graduated 
from Bowdoin in 1877, studied law in Germany for 
two years, and for a while at the Harvard Law 
School. He was admited to the bar in 1881, but 
afterward chose a mercantile career. He is now 
senior member in the firms of Cobb, Wight & Co., 
and Cobb, Butler & Co., and is a director in the fol- 
lowing organizations : Rockland National Bank ; 
Rockland Trust Co. ; Rockland, Thomaston, and 
Camden Street Railway; Camden and Rockland 
Water Co. ; Rockland-Rockport Lime Co. ; Eastern 
Steamship Co. ; Eastern Telephone Co. ; Knox Tel- 
ephone and Telegraph Co. Mr. Cobb is also presi- 
dent of the board of trustees of the Rockland Public 


Hall of the Kappa, Psi Upsilon, 
November 17, 1902. 
Whereas, We have learned with the deepest sor- 
row of the death of our honored brother, William 
Dummer Northend, of the Class of 1843, one of the 
founders of the Kappa Chapter of Psi Upsilon ; and 
Whereas, We have by his death sustained the 
loss of a true and loyal brother whose life has been 
an honor to the Fraternity, be it 

Resolved, That, bending with sorrow before the 
decrees of an inscrutable Providence, we, the mem- 
bers of the Kappa Chapter of Psi Upsilon Fraternity, 
extend our most sincere and heart-felt sympathy to 
the bereaved friends and relatives of the deceased ; 
and be it further 

Resolved, That, out of respect to the memory of 
our beloved brother, we wear our pins in mourning 
for thirty days. 

Ralph Andrews, 
Samuel Trask Dana, 
Stuart Oakley Symonds, 
Committee for the Chapter. 



No. 18. 





Clement F. Robinson, 1903, Editor-in-Chief. 

Farnsworth G. Marshall, 1903, Business Manager. 

William T. Rowe, 1904, Assistant Editor-in-Chief. 
Harold J. Everett, 1904, Assistant Business Manager. 

Associate Editors. 
S. C. W. Simpson, 1903. E. H. R. Burroughs, 1905. 

S. T. Dana, 1904. W. S. Cushing, 1905. 

John W. Frost, 1904. W. F. Finn, Jr., 1905. 

A. L. McCobb, 1905. 



annum, i 

i advance, . 




10 Cents 

Please address business communications to the Business 
Manager, and all other contributions to the Editor-in-Chief. 

Entered at the Post-Office at Brunswick as Sccuod-Class Mail Matter. 

Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston. 

Thanksgiving brought a lull in discussion 
of the "One- Year Rule," with no decided 
opinion reached by the students. Sentiment 
seems to incline to favor the adoption of the 
rule in question, however, and it would not be 
surprising if the matter were soon considererl 
settled in that way, and dismissed from fur- 
ther discussion. 

The Senior Class at its recent election 
voted unanimously to follow out the sugges- 
tions made by alumni in recent issues of the 
Orient, and to do away with the Prophecy 
as one of the Class Day parts. Since the sub- 
stitution of something in its place is a neces- 
sity in order that the most generally interest- 
ing of all the Commencement observances 

may not be unduly shortened, it was voted 
by the class to ask for suggestions through 
the Orient in regard to such substitute. The 
paper hopes to receive further communications 
in the matter, and in particular asks such 
alumni as are interested to submit their views. 


All students occupying college rooms will 
please sign the Room Contract Book at the 
Treasurer's Office before December 8, 1902. 
I. P. Booker, Treasurer. 


For the first time in the history of our col- 
lege we are to have a calendar. This is a 
move in the right direction, since nearly all 
the leading colleges in the country issue one 
every year. If we do not wish to be consid- 
ered below the standard which we claim to 
maintain, we should give it our hearty sup- 
port, so that it will become a permanent enter- 
prise. It is to consist, this year, of ten pages 
of heavy white card-board, tied together by a 
white silk cord. The front page is to contain 
a three-inch Bowdoin seal, embossed in gold, 
and the letters "Bowdoin College Calendar — 
1903." The second page is to contain a six- 
by-nine half-tone of the present Faculty. The 
remaining eight pages will have thirty-six 
good-sized half-tones of all our buildings, the 
athletic field, the Glee and Mandolin-Guitar 
Clubs, their manager and leaders, all of our 
athletic teams, their managers and captains, 
this year's foot-ball coach, the four fraternity 
houses, and a general view of the campus. 
The ornamentation of each page will be a 
three-quarter-inch border of pine twigs and 
cones, and stock patterns of oak twigs and 
acorns printed in gold. 

Messrs. Packard and Holt, the undergrad- 
uates who are pushing this matter, have deter- 
mined to give the college a calendar which will 
be first-class in every manner, regardless of 



cost. They have placed the work in the hands 
of the Charles H. Elliott Co., of Philadelphia, 
who make a specialty of publishing calendars 
for colleges. It will be on sale in a room in 
one of the dormitories in time for Christmas, 
and will sell for one dollar per copy. Notifi- 
cation of date and place of sale will be given 
on the bulletin-board. Advance orders are 
now being taken, as the edition will be limited. 


The interest of two thousand dollars, 
given by the Hon. James Ware Bradbury, 
LL.D., of the Cl'ass of 1825, is awarded by 
the college each year for excellence in debat- 
ing. This year the Bradbury Debate will be 
held the first part of February, probably on 
the first Thursday. Six men will take part in 
this debate ; and from these six will be chosen 
the four men, three debaters and the alternate, 
to compete in the Amherst-Bowdoin Debate 
which will be held in Amherst in March. The 
Bradbury debaters will be selected as follows : 
By trial debates held the latter part of this 
term ten men will be chosen : from these, by 
means of a second trial debate at the begin- 
ning of next term will be chosen the six 
debaters to compete for the Bradbury Prizes. 

All Seniors and Juniors who wish to enter 
this competition will please notify Professor 
Mitchell not later than Monday, December 1. 


The 56th Annual Convention of the 
Delta Kappa Epsilon Fraternity was held with 
the Memphis Alumni Association of Mem- 
phis, Tenn., on November 12, 13 and 14. 
Although Memphis is not a central point, the 
attendance was good. Thirty-eight of the 
forty chapters sent delegates and about 150 
Dekes were present. The famous hotel 
Gayoso was headquarters for the convention. 

On Wednesday evening an informal 
smoker was held, the order of meetings and 
general arrangements were announced, and 
all became acquainted with one another. 
After the smoker several attended a private 
dancing party given by a Miss Byram in her 
father's fine old colonial mansion. Thursday 
there were business sessions, forenoon and 
afternoon. On Thursday evening occurred 
the Convention Ball in the hotel ball-room, 

which is the finest in the city. It is finished 
in light colors with onyx pillars supporting 
the balconies and decorated with elaborate 
stucco work. The floral decorations were 
fine, and the collation served during the inter- 
mission was all that an epicure could ask. The 
dance orders were Delta Kappa Epsilon sou- 
venirs. More than 350 were present, and the 
occasion was greatly enjoyed. Friday morn- 
ing there was a business session. In the after- 
noon four special trolley cars took the party to 
the club-house of the Memphis Country Club, 
which is a spacious affair and boasts the best 
race course in America. An informal recep- 
tion was held, refreshments were served and 
dancing was enjoyed for an hour. In the 
evening occurred the Convention Banquet at 
which 150 Dekes were present. The menu 
was very elaborate. 

Toasts were as follows, the toast-master 
being Mr. Elisha Wright, Eta, '88. 

Address of Welcome. Capt. James Lee, Zeta, '53. 
The Council. H. B. Wilcox, President, Phi, : o8. 

The Convention. President of the Convention. 

The Mother Chapter. Percy Finley, Phi, '82. 

The Brotherhood of D. K. E. 

Amos Ackerman Armstead, Chi, '82. 
Chi Chapter. 

Havden Matthews McKay, Chi, '88. 
D. K. E. in the South. 

Benjamin Needham Ward, Jr., Psi, '90. 

A musical programme of 10 numbers was 
rendered by a large orchestra. The menus 
were bound in covers made like a D. K. E. 
shield and in the Fraternity colors. The ban- 
quet closed the convention proper, although 
the larger part of those present remained over 
the next day and with their ladies attended a 
foot-ball game between two Southern College 

The convention was one of the most suc- 
cessful held in years, and all were loud in the 
praises of t'he Southern people and their great 
hospitality. Ralph W. Hellenbrand repre- 
sented the Theta, the Bowdoin Chapter. 


Tuesday, Dec. 2 — Deutscher Verein Meeting. 
Wednesday, Dec. 3 — Junior Class ""Election. 
Saturday, Dec. 6 — Monologues by Miss Karr, Satur- 
day Club Lecture Course. 
Friday, Dec. 19 — Exams, begin. 
Wednesday, Dec. 24 — Christmas recess begins. 
Tuesday, Jan. 6 — Winter term opens. 




Resolved, That the abolishment of the canteen in 
the United States Army was a wise policy. 


General References : Substitutes for the Saloon, 
pp. 258-259, also p. 265 ; Social Features of the Past 
Exchange (See Senate Documents, V. 14, Document 
182, 56th Congress, 2d session) ; Missionary Review, 
V. XL, pp. 674-678; Conference of Charities and 
Correction, 1900, pp. 37-38; Congressional Record, 
V. 34, part 2, pp. 1721-1723; Nation, V. 73, pp. 202- 
203; New Voice, V. 18, number 44 (an abstract of 
General Miles' report for 1901) ; New Voice, V. 18, 
number 47 (General Daggett on the Canteen). 

A canteen is, strictly, "a shop under the control 
of military authorities, where liquors and refresh- 
ments may be sold to soldiers" (Standard Diction- 
ary). The United States government, after having 
fought against the liquor evil and kindred evils for 
half a century, as they existed in the national army, 
started the canteen in the various army posts. On 
February 2, 1901, in connection with the Hull Army 
Bill, Congress abolished the liquor feature of the 
canteen, with the following law : "To prevent the 
selling or dealing in beer or any intoxicating drinks 
in any post exchange or canteen, or transport, or 
upon any premises used or owned by the "United 
States." In this debate, the word "canteen" is used 
in a restricted sense meaning "beer or any intoxicat- 
ing drink ;" for other features of the post shop have 
not been abolished. 


It was a wise policy for the government to 
abolish the canteen in the United States Army, for 

I. The government should do everything pos- 
sible to maintain and increase the efficiency of its 

II. The use of liquor impairs the efficiency of 
the soldier, for, A. It weakens his physical ability. 
B. It is detrimental to his mental ability. C. It is 
detrimental to discipline. 

III. The canteen was an evil to the United 
States soldiers, for, A. It was a constant tempta- 
tion to the total abstainer and the temperate soldier 
to drink, for, (General A. S. Daggett in New 
Voice, Vol. 18). 1. It presented the saloon to 
them in its least objectionable form, because, a 
The government established and encouraged it. b. 
The officers generally favored it. (Gen. Corbin.) 
c. It was the social centre of camp and barracks 
life. 2. The money spent in the canteen room 
helped the company mess. (General Daggett.) 3. 
The canteen room was in many cases the only place 
where ice could be got readily. (Rev. R. A. Tor- 
rey in Missionary Review, V. 11, pp. 674-678.) 4. 
The canteen was often much handier than the pump. 
(Rev. R. A. Torrey.) B. The canteen lessened 
the soldiers' efficiency, for, 1. They often accepted 
the opportunities which the canteen gave them to 
keep slightly under the influence of beer all the 
time. (General Daggett.) C. The staple drink 
of the canteen, namely, beer, did but whet the appe- 

tite for something stronger, and this in spite of the 
fact that the advocates of the canteen urged that it 
promoted temperance. (Gen. Shafter.) 

IV. Though it was believed by many leading 
men in the army service that there would tie more 
desertions and fewer enlistments because of the 
anti-canteen bill, yet it has caused no such result, 
for, (General Miles in official report of 1901.) A. 
During the only period since the bill was passed for 
which an official report has been issued, namely 
the first six months beginning with February, 1901, 
enlistment was sought by over twenty-five thous- 
and men, an uncommonly large number. B. Dur- 
ing the same period, there was a smaller percentage 
of desertions than at any other time during the past 
twenty-five years. 


Inasmuch as the canteen was a source of con- 
stant temptation to the soldier and inasmuch as it 
lessened the efficiency of the soldier; and since, also, 
the effect of the abolishment, in view of -evidence 
already reported, has been practically beneficial as 
regards desertion and enlistment, therefore the 
abolishment of the canteen in the United States 
Army was a wise policy. 

S. C. W. Simpson, '03, and Geo. W. Burpee, '04. 


General References : House Reports, Vol. 6, 
Report 1701, 56th Congress, 1st session; Outlook, 
Vols. 65, 68, 62 ; Arena, Vol. 25 ; War Department 
Report for 1900, Vol. I. ; Congressional Record, 
Vol. 34, Part I. ; Report of Gen. H. C. Corbin of 
the United States Army for 1902. 


I. In 1899 the War Department of the United 
States established the post exchange system. This 
system consisted of five distinct features (a) a gen- 
eral store, (b) a lunch counter, (c) reading and 
recitation rooms, (d), a gymnasium, (e), a room in 
which light wines and beers might be sold on 
recommendation of the commanding officer when he 
was satisfied that giving opportunity to the troops of 
obtaining such beverages would prevent them from 
resorting to strong intoxicants without the post 
limits and would tend to promote discipline and 
temperance among them. This last division of the 
post exchange was popularly known as the army 
canteen. (Congressional Record, p. 531.) 

II. The canteen was abolished in 1901. 

III. A wise policy is one conductive to highest 

IV. The highest interests of the United States 
soldier are sobriety, morality, and discipline. 


The abolition of the United States canteen was 
an unwise policy, for, 

I. The canteen as an army institution was con- 
ducive to the highest interests of the soldier. A. 
It was conducive to sobriety, for, (1), Drunkenness 
decreased rapidly after its introduction, because, 
(a). Beers and light wines were the only liquors 
used. (Congression Record, Vol. 32, p. 531) ; (b), 
I They must be consumed at the canteen, (idem) ; 



(c), The average consumption of liquor was small 
(Arena, Vol. 32, p. 305). (2), Extreme cases of 
alcoholism requiring hospital treatment were less 
frequent (Congressional Record, Vol. 32, p. 532: 
House Report, 1701). (3), Ninety-five per cent, of 
the army officers testify that it was conducive to 
sobriety. B. It was conducive to morality. (1), 
Men were kept from low dives of the towns adja- 
cent to the post (House Report, 1701). (2), The 
moral atmosphere of the towns adjacent to the post 
were purified, because, (a), The presence of the 
canteen forced the saloons and dives out of business 
(House Report, 1701). (3), Crimes of all sorts 
decreased rapidly after establishment of the can- 
teen. (House Report, 1701.) (4), Ninety-five per 
cent, of the army officers testify that it was condu- 
cive to morality. C. It was conducive to disci- 
pline, for, (1), Desertions became much less fre- 
quent. (Congressional Record, Vol. 32, p. 532: 
House Report, 1701.) (2), Trial for petty offences 
and courts-martial were decreased. (Congressional 
Record, Vol. 32 p. 535; House Report, 1701.) (3), 
Ninety-five per cent, of the army officers testify that 
it was conducive to good discipline. 

II. The abolition of the canteen is not a rem- 
edy for the evil of intemperance in the army, for, 
A. The majority of the drinking men contract the 
habit before enlisting. B. The soldiers have ample 
opportunity to procure liquor, for, (1), They can- 
not be kept constantly at the post. (2), The posts 
are in close proximity to the saloons. C. Testi- 
mony of the officers shows the moral conditions of 
the soldiers to be much worse since the abolition of 
the canteen, for, (1), Army surgeons demand 
the restoration of the canteen. (Outlook, Vol. 68, 
P- 376.) (2), Adjt. Gen. Corbin recommends the 
re-establishment of the canteen, because, (a), Dis- 
order, drunkenness and desertion have increased 
since its abolition. (Adjt. General's Report for 

III. The canteen is the best way to control the 
sale of intoxicants in the army, for, A. In prohi- 
bition states where there was no canteen the drunk- 
enness was much more noticeable than in states 
where the canteen was allowed. (House Report, 
1701, p. 615.) B. In Cuba and the Philippines the. 
soldiers drank more liquor and liquor of worse 
quality where there was no canteen than where can- 
teens were allowed. (House Report, 1701, p. 6.) 
C. The canteen required that beer be drunk on the 
premises. D. Credit is not given to the soldiers 
beyond 20 per cent, of their pay while this credit 
is unlimited in dives and saloons. 

Since the canteen was conducive to the highest 
interests of the soldiers, since its abolition is not a 
remedy for the drink evil in the army and since it 
is the best way to control the sale of intoxicants in 
the army, its abolition was an unwise policy. 
Farnsworth G. Marshall, '03; K. H. Damren, 05. 

The members of the foot-ball team are still 
speaking in appreciative terms of their treatment 
by the Bangor Alumni. At the suggestion of 
Donald Snow, 1901, the players were furnished with 
hot beef tea between the halves. 


What became of the bell rope November 22? 
The Glee Club Reader will be selected this week. 

Day, '05, and Pinkham, '05, have returned to 

What will take the place of ping-pong this 
winter ? 

Nearly all the students left Brunswick for the 
Thanksgiving recess. 

Whitney, '04, and McCobb, '05, will probably 
be out teaching next term. 

Coffin, '03, and Havey, '03, attended the Dart- 
mouth-Brown game November 22. 

Several members of 1903 are planning a trip 
abroad on wheels for next summer. 

I. W. Nutter, '03, left college, November 21, for 
Bingham, to pass a week in the Maine woods. 

Fred Collins, U. of M., '03, commander of the 
cadet battalion, was a recent visitor to the campus. 

The Orient Board had its fall term "feed" at the 
Inn, Thursday, November 20, and a jolly good time 
it was. 

Christmas is only two weeks distant, but there is 
any amount of hard work between this date and 
December 25. 

Captain Daniel C. Munro and Edward Dunlap, 
Jr., were the officials at the Bangor- Portland game, 
November 22. 

The oak wainscoting for the new Library is just 
being put in and a much clearer idea of the finished 
structure can be obtained. 

The History Club met with Bryant, Monday 
night, November 24. Purington delivered the paper 
of the evening on "Gladstone." 

The grading about the Library and Appleton 
Hall is progressing finely, and will soon present as 
good an appearance as the rest of the campus. 

The Senior Banquet Committee plans to have 
the banquet this week or next. At the time of this 
writing, Wednesday was considered the probable 

Amherst has re-elected Byram, '04, foot-ball cap- 
tain. Amherst seems to head the ■ colleges outside 
of the big four this year, — certainly it does in New 

Porter, '06, had his head injured in the Sopho- 
more-Freshman game, but the alarming reports 
which were current in regard to the seriousness of 
the injury were quite unfounded. 

On account of the absence of several members 
who anticipated the Thanksgiving recess, the meet- 
ings of Deutscher Verein and the Classical Club 
were postponed until this week of December I. 

The Freshman Class has chosen blue and white 
for its class colors. The sweaters will be white 
with blue points. It is gratifying to the upper- 
classmen to note that 1906, by adopting the colors 
of 1902, has carried out a policy already established 
at some other colleges, and rapidly becoming the 
custom here. 



The fall meeting of the Athletic Association was 
postponed from Friday, November 21, to some date 
during the first week of December, in order to allow 
Manager Nutter to close up all his accounts. 

If we judge from the interest the Sophomore- 
Freshman foot-ball game aroused, it will be a long 
time before another class will let this event be can- 
celled as did the last year's Sophomores. 

The Brunswick Record is a new weekly appearing 
for the first time on Thanksgiving. It is gratifying 
to note that it shows in the first issue that it is to 
be friendly to Bowdoin. 

Rev. Mr. Thomas of East Orange, N. J., 
preached at the Congregationalist Church, the Sun- 
day before Thanksgiving, and at chapel in the after- 
noon. He made a particularly favorable impression 
on the students. 

Freshmen who are handing in copy in competi- 
tion for the Orient Board, can verify the checking 
of such items as are printed by conferring with the 
assistant-editor-in-chief immediately after supper on 
Thursday .evenings. 

Hellenbrand, '03, returned from the Delta Kappa 
Epsilon Convention by way of Washington and 
New York, and stayed over in both places. He 
also visited Monticello, Jefferson's old home at 
Charlottesville, and the University of Virginia. 

As the grading around the south end of the 
campus nears completion, we are beginning to realize 
the addition that the new library is making to the 
beauty of the campus. Few colleges in the country 
are more fortunate in situation and environment. 

At the Sophomore-Freshman game it was 
noticed that members of the 1906 team were for- 
merly captains of : Thornton Academy, Gardiner 
High, Deering High and Bangor High ; while 1905 
had men from Bates, Princeton and Harvard. 

For the first time in the history of Maine college 
athletics Bowdoin has failed to have several men 
whom everybody would agree to assign to the All- 
Maine Team. It is not because we have had a poor 
team, but that the other Maine colleges have had 
better ones. 

The score of Yale 23, Harvard o, was somewhat 
of a surprise to Bowdoin students. It was gener- 
ally expected that Yale would win, but not by so 
large a score. Some of the students, however, 
who met "Bill Reid," Harvard's coach last year, 
during his visit to Bowdoin in the spring, remem- 
bered his prophecy that in accordance with new 
methods of procedure in foot-ball, the team which 
would win in that game would win by just such a 

The sixth debate of the course occurred Tuesday 
evening, November 25, with Shaw, '03, presiding. 
The question was, "Resolved, That reciprocity 
between the United States and Cuba should be 
established," and the main disputants were Mar- 
shall, '03, and Greene, '05, for affirmative, and Far- 
ley, '03, and Henderson, '05, negative. The quality 
of the debate was not up to the average, but this 
was partly excused by the fact that Marshall pre- 
pared on a week's notice, in order to take the place 
of Phillips, who is out of college. Some good 
speeches were made from the floor. 

The Registrar calls attention to the regulation of 
the college requiring all Seniors who intend to take 
the Medical School courses this year to register 
on or before December first. 

The Treasurer announces that the scholarships 
for the current year have been apportioned, and appli- 
cants will be informed in regard to their applica- 
tions on inquiry at the Treasurer's office. 

Amherst will submit the question for the 
Amherst-Bowdoin debate on December 10. Bow- 
doin will have the choice of sides, and expects to 
be able to notify Amherst before the end of the 

The '68 Prize Speaking will occur on Thursday 
evening, April 30. It is probable that '68 parts will 
be allowed to be presented at Commencement, as 
was formerly the custom, except that now the prize- 
winning part in the first case cannot compete for 
the prize in the second. 

The foot-ball champions this fall are University 
of California on the Pacific, University of Michi- 
gan in the Middle West, Yale in the East, Amherst 
among the small colleges of the East, Dartmouth in 
the Triangular League, and either Bates or the 
University in Maine. 

Captain Matheas and Right End Bass of the Ban- 
gor High team, were the guests of Nutter, '05, and 
Porter, '06, November 23. The Bangor team has 
played a hard schedule this fall, but has succeeded 
in winning every game, downing its chief rival, 
Portland, twice. 

University of Maine has formed a German Club, 
similar to the Deutscher Verein of Bowdoin and 
other colleges, which is being addressed by various 
speakers. Professor Files has been invited to 
address the club at its next meeting, which comes 
some day this week of December 1. 

The Sophomore-Freshman foot-ball game has 
been an annual custom since the fall of 1897, with 
the exception of last year. The Freshmen won the 
first two years, the Sophomores the next two, and 
now the Freshmen have won for two more since 
last year's victory went by default. 

The Leiviston Journal published a dozen and a 
half all-Maine teams in a recent issue. One com- 
ment is somewhat amusing in view of the fact that 
the man in question is a Senior and has played foot- 
ball for several years already: "Conners of Bow- 
doin is a comer, and will be heard from next year. ' 

The students are pleased to see that few trees 
are cut down where the campus is being levelled 
between Appleton Hall and the Hubbard Library. 
A trench is dug around them, earth is then taken 
from under them and they are allowed to stand in 
their old places, but on a level, consistent with the 

It does one good to see the courageous way in 
which one of the editors of the Colby Echo con- 
demns the tendency at Colby towards the boorishness 
which is undeniably likely to exist at any small col- 
lege situated away from the large centers of popu- 
lation ; but the criticism cannot be very pleasant 
reading to a Colby student, any more than an equally 
harsh criticism of some of our faults would be to us 
at Bowdoin. But such frankness is often effective. 



The Freshmen "sprung" their yell, as usual, at 
the station on the Wednesday before Thanksgiving. 
A good-natured rush followed, after which all united 
in giving three times three for Bowdoin. 

Wilson, '03, and Bates, '06, should be added to 
the list of those entitled to foot-ball "B's" this 
fall, which was given in the last Orient. This 
makes sixteen, which is about the average of past 

Carl T. Plummer, formerly a member of the 
Sophomore Class, was back for a short visit just 
before Thanksgiving. He was forced to leave early 
in the term on account of his health, which is now 
greatly improved. For the past few weeks he has 
been hunting near Waterford, Me. 

The foot-ball picture and election of captain will 
probably take place this week. Maine has elected 
Bailey, '05, captain, and Bates has elected Rounds, 
'05, graduates of Edward Little High School and 
Kent's Hill, respectively. 

The following are some recent gifts to the col- 
lege library : The Class of 1875, through its presi- 
dent, W. J. Curtis of New York City, sent a check 
of $500 for the purchase of books in American 
History. Miss Sarah A. Thompson of Topsham 
has presented a complete set of the Boydell Illus- 
trations of Shakespeare in two handsomely bound 
volumes, in memory of her two brothers, Eugene of 
the Class of 1850, and Emery P. of the Class of 
1854. Mr. Charles W. Pickard of Portland has 
given an extended set of the Portland Transcript, 
in over forty bound volumes. 

In consequence of the condition of the coal mar- 
ket, an arrangement has been made with the local 
Electric Light Company to furnish the lights for 
the college, and the record of consumption is deter- 
mined by meter. The bills are several hundred dol- 
lars each month, and in view of the above, students 
have been earnestly requested, through cards dis- 
tributed to each room, to shut off lights at all times 
when not required for use, and thus save the college, 
so far as possible, from excessive expenditure. The 
reasonableness of this request is appreciated by- all. 

The Library has subscribed to the new edition of 
the Encyclopedia Britannica. 

The Library circulation in July was 383 ; August, 
212; September, 292; October, 848; making a total 
°f l ,735- The circulation of books reserved at the 
desk was 607. The total number of books reserved 
for Debating, 51; Economics, 117; History, 158; 
Hygiene, 4 ; Greek, 33 ; Latin, 21 ; and Mathematics, 

4. The total number of books reserved was 388. 
The library regularly receives 265 periodicals, as fol- 
low : 2 dailies ; 3 semi-weeklies ; 50 weeklies ; 14 
semi-monthlies; 113 monthlies; 16 bi-monthlies, and 
67 quarterlies ; making a total of 5,377 in a year. 

The following books have been recently added to 
the library: "Statesman's Year Book, 1902;" "Birds 
of North and Middle America," by Smithsonian 
Institution ; "The Poetry of Robert Browning," by 

5. A. Brooke ; "American Navigation," by W. W. 
Bates ; "Treatise on Title Pages," by T. L. De 
Vinne; "Story of Athens," by H. C Butler; "His- 
tory of Northumberland," Vol. VI., by J. C. Hodg- 
son ; "Constitutional History of United States," .3 
volumes, by F. N. Thorpe; "Life and Times of 

Alfred the Great," by Charles Plummer; "Introduc- 
tion to the Industrial and Social History of 
England," by E. P. Cheney; "The Cardinal Vir- 
tues," by President Hyde ; and a large volume of 
pictures of Harvard University, presented to the 
library by Hon. Francis C. Lowell, of Massachusetts. 

President Hyde delivered an address at the 
seventy-first annual meeting of the New England 
Association of School Superintendents, held in Bos- 
ton, November 21. He said in part: "The. five kinds 
of education are the physical, technical, liberal, theo- 
retical and the spiritual. Each has its own worth 
and its own place. Each has been striving to secure 
its own success at the expense of the others, but the 
time has come to stop this fighting by what we would 
call a trust. Without the physical ideal we should 
become invalids. Without the technical we should 
become paupers. Without the liberal we should 
become blind. Without the theoretical we should be 
in danger of losing the power to discriminate 
between good and bad ; and without the spiritual we 
should become orphans in our Father's house, an 
outcast in the world of ordered brotherhood." 

The fifth debate of the course occurred Wednes- 
day, November 19, with Woodbury, '03, presiding. 
The question was, "Resolved, That the abolition of 
the canteen in the United States Army was a wise 
policy." Affirmative : Simpson, '03, and Burpee, '04. 
Negative: Marshall, '03, and Efamren, '05. The 
affirmative had the harder side of the question, 
without much evidence that told; and their pre- 
sentation of the case was inferior to that of the neg- 
ative. The negative won on the merits of the 
debate. Marshall did notably well, giving his first 
statements and likewise his rebuttal with neither 
brief nor notes. The debate as a whole was by far 
the best of the course at this stage. Speakers from 
the floor did particularly well, and showed great 
interest. The critics were Dr. Dennis and 
Professor Mitchell. 

Most of the students who were in Brunswick 
went down to the Columbia Theatre, Saturday 
evening, November 22, because of a rumor that the 
Frankie Carpenter Company and the orchestra were 
going to make it a "Bowdoin night." Sure 
enough, the orchestra played "Phi Chi" and "Our 
Director," during the intermissions, but when the 
students, who were sitting in a body, began to sing, 
a dozen policemen appeared, stationed themselves 
around the students, and announced that any fur- 
ther demonstration would be followed by arrests. 
There was great indignation on the part of the stu- 
dents, and a delegation visited the manager, but in 
vain. The Bowdoin students felt that their patron- 
age of the Columbia Theater has been of enough 
importance to warrant more courteous treatment 
and more privileges, and threats to boycott the 
theatre were rife. In justice to the management, 
however, it should be explained that there was some 
real misapprehension as to the character of 
the body which was to come over from Brunswick. 
Thoughtless individual students had caused more or 
less trouble during the weeks before, and to prevent 
a repetition of such performances on an enlarged 
scale, the management erred on the side of strict- 
ness. It is to be hoped that in the future, however, 
they will assume that Bowdoin students are, as a 
rule, gentlemen, and not hoodlums. 



The third themes of the term will be due Tues- 
day, December 2. 

Juniors : 

i. The Use of Translations in Language Study. 

2. Should Students Be Admitted to Bowdoin 
by Certificate and Without Examinations? 

3. Ruskin's Place in English Literature (See 
Frederick Harrison's "John Ruskin.") 

4. Should the Chinese Be Excluded from the 
United States? 

Sophomores : 

1. The Best Education for a Business Man. 

2. Some Arguments Against a Two Years' 
College Course. 

3. An Hour in the Art Building. 

4. The Powers and the Duties of the Speaker 
of the House of Representatives. 


According to the suggestions in the Orient, the 
Senior Class election took place Friday afternoon, 
November 21, instead of being held as usual in 
January. The following were elected : President, 
Walker; Vice-President, Thompson; Secretary- 
Treasurer, McCormick ; Opening Addrres, Shaw ; 
Chaplain, Moore ; Orator, Martin ; Poet, Stover ; 
Historian, Welch ; Closing Address, Marshall ; Odist, 
Pratt; Marshal, Havey; Committee of Arrange- 
ments, Conners (Chairman), Lawrence, Preble ; Pic- 
ture Committee, W. C. Towne (chairman), Hellen- 
brand, Shaughnessey ; Banquet Committee, C. Smith 
(chairman), White, Ridlon. Election of Poet, Odist, 
Chaplain, and the two committees last named was 
by acclamation. It was voted to instruct the Pres- 
ident to send notes of condolence, in behalf of the 
class, to Phillips, whose mother recently died, and 
to McCormick, whose father died on the morning 
of the day that the class meeting was held. It was 
voted unanimously to omit the prophecy from the 
Commencement exercises, and to ask for sugges- 
tions through the Orient in regard to a substitute 
for it. 

Y. M. C. A. 

The speaker at the meeting of the Sunday before 
Thanksgiving was Rev. D. E. Miller of Bruns- 
wick, and there was a goodly crowd present. 
Because of the indefinite absence of President 
McCormick, consequent on the death of his 
father, Vice-President Robinson presided. Mr. 
Miller spoke very happily on the words of Paul in 
the third chapter of Philippians, "This one thing 
I do, forgetting those things which are behind, 
and reaching forth unto those things which are 
before, I press forward toward the mark for the 
prize of the high calling of God in Jesus Christ," 
drawing concrete illustrations from college life in 
athletics and studies. 

The solo was by Miss Gibson of Bath. 


The first annual punting contest for the loving 
cup offered by the Lewiston and Auburn alumni 
took place on Whittier Field, Wednesday after- 
noon, November 19. There were four contestants, 
who proceeded according to the rules formulated 
last spring. First place was won by Bly, '03, who 
punted 41 yards, and he will therefore hold the cup 
until next fall. 

Freshmen 10, Sophomores 5. 

The annual foot-ball game between the Sopho- 
mores and Freshmen, November 22, resulted in a 
victory for the Freshmen. The two teams were 
very evenly matched and the game was an interest- 
ing one to watch. Nearly the entire student body 
witnessed the game ; sometimes cheering for the 
Sophomores and sometimes for the Freshmen. The 
Freshman team was in a decidedly better physical 
condition, as ten of their men had been on the foot- 
ball squad this fall. Two of the Sophomore line 
men went into the game with injured legs which 
handicapped them a great deal ; also one of their 
tackles was called away just before the game. The 
Freshmen were superior in team work. Their line 
got the jump on their opponents, and their backs did 
less fumbling. The Freshmen played a snappy 
game and deserve much credit. The Sophomores 
could have put up a better exhibition and ought to 
have done so. 

The game was called at 2.15. Philoon kicked off 
to Winslow. After a few short gains, Chapman 
made a 28-yard run. The Freshmen were then 
forced to punt, but they quickly regained the ball 
on a fumble on the Sophomores' 23-yard line. Chap- 
man took the ball for a 14-yard gain, and after 
several short rushes Winslow crossed the line for 
the first touchdown. 

The Sophomores secured the ball on a fumble 
soon after the kick-off and by short gains through 
the right side of the line and a 12-yard run by Weld 
the ball was rushed up to within eight inches of the 
Freshman goal line. Here the Freshmen held for 
downs. Chapman punted thirty yards. The half 
ended with the ball on the Freshmen's 16-yard line 
in possession of the Sophomores. 

In the second half the Freshmen held the Soph- 
omores for downs and then rushed the ball up the 
field for the second touchdown, by Winslow. Par- 
ker then made a 28-yard run, but after a few short 
rushes the Sophomores got the ball on a fumble and 
rushed the ball up the field for a touchdown in the 
last few minutes of play, making the final score 10 
to S, since all the goals were missed. 

The summary : 
1906. 1905. 

Johnson, 1. e r. e., Larrabee. 

Porter, 1. t r t, Ryan. 

Stimpson, 1. t. 

Skolfield, 1. g r. g.. Hatch. 

r. g., W. Finn. 

Brown, c c, Garcelon. 

Cunningham, r. g 1. g., Burroughs. 

Haley, r. t 1. t., Philoon. 

Tobey, r. e 1. e., Lewis. 

Bradford, q. b q. b., White. 



Winslow, 1. h. b r. h. b., Henderson. 

Chapman, r. h. b 1. h. b., Weld. 

Parker, f. b f. b., j. Finn. 

Score — Bowdoin '06, io ; Bowdoin '05, 5. Touch- 
downs — Winslow 2, Philoon. Umpire — Conners, 
'03. Referee — Bly, '03. Linesmen — Lowell, '04, 
Eaton, '05. Time — 15-m. halves. 

The other Maine colleges "are just a bit envious 
at the State College's success in abiding by the 
strictest kind of amateur rules. It is a well-known 
fact that the University of Maine is alone among 
the Maine institutions in permitting nobody but a 
simon-pure amateur to represent it in any^ line of 
athletics." The above statement in the Boston 
Traveller of October 29, deserves a word of com- 
ment. There has indeed never been any accusation 
against Maine of hiring players, as there have been 
at one time or another against the other colleges, 
but accusations do not -constitute evidence. Maine 
has a right to be proud of its reputation, but it has 
no right to authorize so sweeping a statement as 
that of the Traveller; since the U. M. eligibility 
rules do not differ in theory or practice from the 
other Maine college rules, and four of the U. M. 
base-ball team played summer base-ball on the same 
teams and presumably for the same terms as well- 
known players from the other Maine colleges. Such 
playing is expressly allowed by the rules agreed upon 
by the four Maine colleges last spring, but results in 
putting U. of M. in the same category with the rest 
of the colleges of the State, and makes its players 
something else than the "simon-pure athletes" for 
which it claims the monopoly in this bit of corre- 


'73. — Dr. D. A. Robinson has made formal 
announcement that he will be a candidate for Con- 
gress two years hence, to oppose the renomination of 
Congressman Powers. Dr. Robinson is a gentle- 
man of brilliant attainments, a ready speaker, a 
man of great wit, and altogether one well calculated 
to make a good Congressman. He is a resident of 
Bangor and will probably have that city and its 
vicinity strongly for him. Dr. Robinson received 
the degree of A.M. from Bowdoin in 1S75 and the 
degree of M.D. from the Medical School of Maine 
in 1881. He is brother to Professor Robinson, anc» 
one of the overseers of the college. 

'76. — An interesting story by Arlo Bates, entitled 
"The Verona Book- Vender," appears in the holi- 
day number of the Book Lover. 

'95. — At Portland, Nov. 11, 1902, occurred the 
marriage of Mabel T. Whipple to James W. Craw- 
ford, '95. Mr. and Mrs. Crawford will reside at 
Portland, where Mr. Crawford has a position with 
the Maine Traders' Supply Company. 

M. '98. — Married : At Brunswick, November 12, 
1902, Miss Carrie J. Doughty to Dr. Charles Har- 
vey Burgess, of Bangor. 

'00. — At the regular meeting of the directors of 
the First National Bank of Bath, Maine, held 
November 11, Charles H. Potter was appointed to 
fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of the for- 
mer cashier. As he is only 25 years of age, Mr. 
Potter will be one of the youngest bank-cashiers in 
the State. He has resigned his position as principal 
of the ninth grade grammar school of Bath. 

'01. — Rufus Y. Storer has been appointed princi- 
pal of the High School of Hollis, N. H. 

H. '01. — Miss Sarah Orne Jewett, while out rid- 
ing recently, was thrown from the carriage and 
severely injured. At present she is improving as 
well as can be expected. 


Rev. Donald E. McCormick of Boothbay Har- 
bor, died very suddenly at his home, Friday morn- 
ing, November 21, of heart failure. He had been 
suffering for some time with a bad knee, but noth- 
ing serious was expected. Mr. McCormick -was a 
native of Scotland and came to this country about 
fifteen years ago. He was closely connected with 
the college, having one son in the Class of 1900, 
and one in 1903. Of late years he has been a fre- 
quent visitor here, speaking at the Y. M. C. A. and 
at the Church on the Hill. He was a sincere man 
in every respect and will be deeply mourned by his 
family, the community in which he lived, and his 
many other friends throughout the State. He 
leaves a widow and seven children. 

'64. — Rev. Nathaniel Melcher died at his home 
in Portland, November 19, 1902, after an illness of 
about two weeks. Mr. Melcher graduated from 
Bowdoin in 1864 and from Rochester Theological 
Seminary in 1868. After completing his theological 
studies he entered the Baptist ministry and later 
was Professor of Mathematics at Colby College. 
He is survived by three sons, — Herbert L., of 
Hebron, Walter L. and George G., of Portland, and 
one daughter, Grace, of Portland. 

'61. — Lauriston Floyd Purington, of Bowdoin- 
ham, who for a number of years has lived alone on 
a farm about three mjles from Richmond, was 
found seated in a chair, dead, at his home a few 
days ago. Mr. Purington was born at Bowdoin- 
ham, May 3, 1835. The following is the notice of 
the death sent to classmates by the class secretary. 

Our classmate, Purington, who had lived alone 
upon his farm for many years, was found dead, 
seated in his chair, on the 17th, and is supposed to 
have died two days before. 

He has never been with us at any reunion, and 
has at no time communicated with the Secretary in 
answer to scores of letters sent to him. No one has 
penetrated the mystery of the isolation which he 
chose for himself, and it is not for any one of us to 
place an interpretation upon it. That there were 
warm hearts always ready to welcome him and 
that he held himself apart from them does not 
prove that his heart was cold. He may have under- 
stood us, although we could not know him. What- 
ever the cause of the estrangement, we all mourn 
him sincerely. 

Edward Stanwood. 



No. 19. 





Clement F. Robinson, 1903, Editor-in-Chief. 

Farnsworth G. Marshall, 1903, Business Manager. 

William T. Rowe, 1904, Assistant Editor-in-Chief. 
Harold J. Everett, 1904, Assistant Business Manager. 

Associate Editors. 
S. C. W. Simpson, 1903. E. H. E. Burroughs, 1905. 

S. T. Dana, 1904. W. S. Cushing, 1905. 

John W. Frost, 1904. W. F. Finn, Jr., 1905. 

A. L. McCobb, 1905. 


Per annum, in advance, . 
Per Copy, .... 

10 Cents. 

Please address business communications to the Business 
Manager, and all other contributions to the Editor-in-Chief. 

Entered at the Post-Offiee at Brunswick as Secorjd-Class Mail Matter. 

Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston. 

' "Tom Reed" is dead. The news comes as 
a sudden blow to the whole country; and to 
none more sharply than to Bowdoin men, in 
college and out, who have so long been proud 
that they could point to Mr. Reed's Alma 
Mater as their own. It is only six months 
since many of us heard his address in the 
Church on the Hill. It hardly seems believe- 
able that the magnificent specimen of a man 
on whose words we hung that afternoon will 
appear no more at Bowdoin commencements. 
It is hard to measure the influence that his life 
has had on the history of the whole country, 
which now unites to do honor to his memory. 
It is not so hard to measure the characteristics 
of that life, — an honest intention to expedite 
the practical accomplishment of worthy 

objects, enforced by a marvelous, clear-headed 
executive ability for directing men and meas- 
ures. Often reviled for his autocracy, he was 
alwavs respected for the keenness of his intel- 
lect. The country will miss him from its life ; 
and his native State and college will sadly 
miss him from their list of honored sons. He 
will not be forgotten. 

The death of an alumnus so prominent as 
Mr. Reed calls for a more extended memorial 
by the college paper at his Alma Mater than a 
single notice. The Orient, therefore, has 
confined itself in the issue immediately after 
the death to a bare statement of the outlines 
of Mr. Reed's life and a few simple comments. 
It plans, however, to make the first number of 
next term either in whole or in part, a ''Reed 
Number.'' It hopes to have contributions 
from fellow-students and acquaintances of 
Mr. Reed's, and earnestly asks the alumni who 
were acquainted with him, in college or after- 
wards, to contribute to the Orient reminis- 
cences and comments, so that the proposed 
idea may be a success. 

Junior class elections, after being twice 
postponed from the date previously set for 
them by the President, the first time on 
account of the absence of one member, and 
the second time because "some of the class" 
were not "ready" for them, finally took place 
on Friday, December 5th. As one officer 
after another was elected, always from a par- 
ticular portion of the class, and always by the 
same small majority, the suspicion gradually 
became general in the minds of the rest of 
the class that there was a "combine" between 
certain of the fraternities to put their own 



men into all the offices. To those outside of 
this suspected "combine" it seemed that the 
best men in the class for the officers were not 
being chosen, but the chief cause of the ill- 
feeling which exists in the minds of these out- 
siders as the result of the election is even more 
the manner of the election than the results. 

Appearances are often very deceitful, and 
it may be that these suspicions are absolutely 
without foundation. We sincerely hope that 
such is the case, but if there is really any 
truth in them the Orient feels that it cannot 
too strongly condemn such a "combine." 
Every man who so far forgot himself as to 
enter into it. should feel thoroughly ashamed 
of himself. Fraternity spirit is an excellent 
thing in the right place, but when it goes so 
far as to bring about combinations between 
two or three fraternities for the sake of put- 
ting their own men into all the important 
offices regardless of their suitability for the 
place, it is exceeding its proper limits and 
reaches a point where it is far more likely to 
bring disgrace than honor to the fraternity. 
College elections of all sorts should be abso- 
lutely free from politics, in its baser sense, 
and every officer should be chosen solely 
according to his ability to fill the position 

Such a "combine" as is believed to have 
domineered the recent election can cause 
nothing but a pang of regret in the mind of 
every dispassionate Bowdoin man. The 
result is, 1904, instead of being a happy fam- 
ily, is a household divided against itself. The 
disagreement, discord and dissension, that are 
caused, must react to the discredit of those 
who organized such a "ring." Every fair- 
minded student hopes for an immediate 
adjustment of conditions which will satisfy 
the disaffected part of the class and give evi- 
dence to every one of the spirit of fair play. 

Several students have shown a deplorable 
lack of the first elements of decency and 
respect at the various mass-meetings and 

class-meetings held this term in Memorial 
Hall. "My Lady Nicotine" has been too 
much in evidence. Stubs and sputum and 
burned sulphur sticks have profaned a college 
hall intended for no such refuse. Of course 
there has been no wantonness prompting this 
indecency, but there has been a very evident 
lack of consideration. It is certainly to be 
hoped that the students will be more con- 
cerned henceforth in respecting this college 
monument to our Bowdoin soldiers. Other- 
wise, continued desecration of such a kind 
will be likely to lead the Faculty to take from 
us the privilege of meeting there at all for 
purposes of mass or class. Tobacco is not 
tolerated in meetings in the Science Building; 
it will not be in Memorial Hall. 


The Athletic Council will hold a special 
meeting in Dr. Whittier's office at 7 p.m. Fri- 
day, December 12. 

M. F. Chase, Secretary. 

The editors of the Quill wish to correct 
an unfortunate error in their November issue 
caused by a misunderstanding of nom-de- 
plumes. The story, "My Lady Sleeps," was 
written by Emerson, '04, instead of Cram, '04, 
as signed. 


The fall meeting of the Athletic Associa- 
tion was held in Memorial Hall, Tuesday 
evening, December 9. There was an attend- 
ance of 250 out of a total college enrollment, 
including special students of 278. H. H. 
Oakes, '04, of Auburn, was elected manager 
of the foot-ball team for next year and Donald 
C. White, '05, of Lewiston, assistant man- 
ager. The financial report of Manager Nut- 
ter was read and accepted. The announce- 
ment was made that the foot-ball team would 
be given sweaters by the Athletic Council. 
The recommendations of the Athletic Council 
that the tennis "B" be given to winners in 
round-robin series as well as in intercolle- 
giate tournaments was unanimously added to 



the Constitution, but the amendment that ten- 
nis managers be not entitled to the "B" with 
the line under it was not accepted. The other 
action of the meeting was a unanimous vote, 
on motion of Robinson, '03, that a committee 
be appointed to collect a subscription to aid 
the Colby students who were recently burned 
out. The committee is as follows, being one 
man from each fraternity and one from the 
non-fraternity men : C. W. Smith, F. G. Mar- 
shall, S. O. Martin, C. V. Walker, T. C. 
White, M. Blanchard, C. C. Shaw, S. P. Lar- 
rabee, and W. C. Towne. The money is to be 
raised at once. 

Editor of the Orient: 

I wish to present my most respectful com- 
pliments to the Class of 1903, and my sincere 
thanks that it has acted upon the suggestion 
that the class prophecy be dropped from the 
programme of Class Day. I recognize also the 
justice of the hint of the editor of the Orient 
that it is now incumbent upon me to propose 
a substitute for that part. It seems to me, 
however, that the assistance of many of the 
alumni should be solicited, in order that when 
the change is made it be one which can be 
permanent, which should be a full substitute 
for the class prophecy, and which is not capa- 
ble of being easily degraded, as the class 
prophecy was. 

It is not easy to propose such a substitute, 
but I have a suggestion that may lead to 
thought on the part of others. It was not 
chance but good judgment which offset history 
with prophecy, and my suggestion is of a part 
which retains the prophetic character without 
inviting the speaker to "roast" all his class, 
mates. The title which I propose will indi- 
cate generally the scope of the address — The 
Mission of 1903. The speaker should be one 
who combines a full knowledge of current 
events in the world, and the faculty of seeing 
the humorous in such events. The idea, of 
course, would be the great part which the class 
is to play in settling the present and future 
affairs of the world, problems of to-day, 
to-morrow, and the coming generation. The 
questions that now agitate, or that may be 
expected to agitate the public mind would be 
successively taken up, treated with good- 
humored comment and the credit of finding: 

the solution to important public problems 
would be ascribed to the class as a whole, or to 
individual members. I will not develop the 
idea further, but will leave it to be considered 
and modified or rejected by other alumni and 
by the class itself. 

Perhaps in it may be found the germ of a 
substitute for the class prophecy which is not 
only capable of witty treatment, but which will 
be available year after year, and will be, I 
believe, an entire novelty in Class Day exer- 
cises - Edward Stanwood, 1861. 

7> 1850. 

Resolved, That Webster's position on the Slavery 
Question as set forth in his speech of the 7th of 
March, 1850, was, under the circumstances, the wise 
position to take. 


General references : Rhodes' History of the 
United States. Vol. I. ; Johnston's American Poli- 
tics; American Statesmen, — Webster, — (Lodge) ; 
Reminiscences of Daniel Webster, Harvey; Web- 
ster's 7th of March Speech, 1850; American States- 
men, — Henry Clay, — (Schurz) ; Andrews' History of 
the United States, Vol. II. ; Select Documents of 
United States History, Macdonald ; Famous Ameri- 
cans, Parton ; Webster's Vindication, Hon. S. M. 
Allen, New England Magazine, Vol. IV. pp. 509- 
SiS ; Constitutional History of the United States, 
Van Hoist, Vols. 1-5 ; Political Parties in the 
United States, 1840-1861, Macy. 


I. Condition of affairs in 1850. A. In the 
North. 1. The Abolitionists. 2. The Free Soil- 
ers. 3. The sober-minded people who wanted 
peace. B. In the South. I. The aggressive atti- 
tude. 2. The Secessionists. 3. The more moder- 
ate class whose leader was Clay. C. The standing 
and condition of political parties. I. Whigs, 
against Wilmot Proviso. 2. Democrats neither for 
nor against the Wilmot Proviso. 3. The Free Soil 
Party in the North, for liberating the slaves at any 

II. Conditions leading to the introduction of the 
bill. A. The dispute over slavery in the territory 
taken from Mexico, and in the District of Columbia. 
B. The South greatly stirred up over President 
Taylor's changing views in regard to slavery. 

III. The compromise of 1850 as introduced by 
Clay, was intended to be adopted as a whole, and 
contained concession to both slavery and anti- 
slavery parties. IV. Webster's position; Preserva- 
tion of the Union the paramount object, although 
that meant criticism of the North as well as the 




I. There was a grave danger of disunion, for, A. 
Such was the opinion of Clay, Calhoun, Webster, 
Gen. Scott, Horace Mann (Rhodes, Vol. I., p. 132^ 
1 33-) B. The appearances in the South indicated 
it. C. It was a more opportune time for the South 
to rebel than in i860, for, 1. The North had no 
strong anti-slavery party. (Johnston, page 156.) 

II. It was the wise policy to take somestep<toward 
the compromise with the South immediately, for, 
A. The House had been three weeks in electing its 
speaker on account of the slavery question. 
(Rhodes.) B. It was not wise to let the question 
stand as the issue in the coming presidential election. 

III. Webster's attack on the abolitionists was 
the wise policy, for A. By their extreme measures 
they irritated the whole Southern people and 
encouraged the slaves to resort to violence, for, 1. 
The Turner case in Virginia shows this. (Rhodes, 
Vol. II. p. 56.) B. The abolitionists favored dis- 
union if they could not free the slaves by peaceful 
measures, for, I. The "Liberator," published by 
Garrison, said, "No union with slaveholders," and 
proclaimed the Constitution a "covenant with death 
and an agreement with hell." (Rhodes, Vol. 
I- P- 75-) C. The abolitionists in twenty years 
had accomplished no great good, for, 1. They freed 
no slaves. 2. By their measures they had prevented 
the South from educating the negro, and had only 
tightened the bonds of slavery. 

IV. The whole territory within the former 
United States or in the newly acquired Mexican 
provinces had a fixed and settled character, for, A. 
Texas by the very text of the resolution for its 
admission, was given the option of being either free 
or slave territory and chose the latter alternative. B. 
The United States could not after once admitting 
Texas, refuse to honor the resolutions of Congress, 
regardless of the opinion of the dissenters. C. 
The Constitution of California, accepted by the 
people by a vote of 12,066 to 811, expressly prohibited 
slavery within its limits. D. New Mexico at that 
time had no attraction for slavery and it was a need- 
less insult to the South to insert a provision against 
it, for (1) The mines were undeveloped. (2) The 
country was high, mountainous, and climate was 
verv severe. (Hugh N. Smith) Webster's Works, 
Vol. 6 p. 148. 

V. The fugitive slave law should have been 
enforced while it was in the Constitution, for. A. It 
is the duty of all good citizens to obey the law of the 

■ land notwithstanding the various states' statutes to the 
contrary, because (1) All such states' statutes tend- 
ing to nullify the purpose of the Constitution were 
illegal. B. All moral considerations were irrele- 
vant when considered against its enforcement, 
because. (1) The conscientious moral reformers 
should have bent their energies toward amending the 
Constitution rather than defeating its end. (2) 
Slaves were as much personal property as any other 
chattel and should have been on the same plane 
while in the condition of servitude. 

D. I. Gould, '03, G E. Kimball, '04, and 
G. B. Whitney, '04. 

General references: Burgess Middle Period; Cal- 
houn's, Chase's, Clay's, and Seward's Speeches; Cor- 

respondence of Clay; Congressional Globe 1850; B. 
R. Curtis : Life and Works ; George T. Curtis ; Life 
of Webster, Vol. II. ; Lodge, Daniel Webster ; Lunt, 
Causes of the Late War ; Parton, Famous Men of 
Modern Times ; Rhodes, History of U. S., Vol. I. ; 
Schouler History of U. S., Vol. V.; Schurz, Henry 
Clay, Vol. II. ; Teft : Life and Masterpieces of Web- 
ster; Webster, Correspondence; Wilson, Rise and 
Fall of the Slave Power, Vol. II. 


I. Webster's general position was unwise, for, A. 
The whole idea of compromise was unwise, for 1. 
Compromise was not necessary in order to save the 
Union. Curtis : Life of Webster, ch. 36. Lodge : 
Life of Webster, pp. 311-314. Rhodes: History of 
the U. S., Vol. I. p. 131-2. 2. Compromise was not 
necessary in order to secure the admission of Cali- 
fornia. Curtis ; Rhodes, Vol. I. pp. 36-125. 3 
Compromises had worked harm in the past. 4. This 
particular compromise worked harm, for, a. The 
supporters of the Kansas-Nebraska bill drew their 
arguments from it. Burgess : The Middle Period, 
pp. 180 1st sec. B. He misinterpreted the treaty 
of '45 between Texas and United States and the Res- 
olutions by saying that the United States was bound 
to admit four states into the Union with Texan 
consent. Burgess, p. 359; Curtis' "Webster," II. p. 
404. For (1) Treaty implied consent of both par- 
ties, and if U. S. may admit it may refuse to admit. 
(Burgess, p. 68; Works of Seward, I. 70.) (2) 
Admission of four such states would have been 
unwise, for (a) Southern representation in Senate 
would have been increased, wherewith to oppose 
Northern majority in the House, — unwise because 
the constitutional principle of rule of majority 
would be subverted in the case of slavery. (Lodge, 
301-332; Rhodes, I. 152-9.) C. His statement that 
Wilmot Proviso was unnecessary was unwise, for, 
(1) It was not known that slave labor could not 
extend to mines. (Lodge, — as above). (2) Slave 
influence could extend West, as it did in N. Mexico, 
1859. (Rhodes I. ch. 2.) (3) Intended proviso as 
part of a great principle rather than as "taint of 
reproach." (Seward's Works, I., 80, 102.) (4) 
South really objected to proviso because (a) slavery 
extension below 36 degrees 30 minutes was cut off. 
(b) Further extension down through Mexico 
granted. (Seward, I., 103-4.) 

II. Webster's position in regard to the Fugitive 
Slave Law, while constitutionally correct, was 
unc ilh: .' for and unwisr : for, A. The Mason bill 

'hich he supporijd was t.nnecessary, for, 1 It .vas 
not needed to save ihe Union, (a) It affected only 
the comparatively loyal border states. (Rhodes I. 
186-7.) 2 - The law of 1793 was sufficient, (a) Not 
lack of law but injustice of existing law made the 
North resist its execution. (Hart, Webster, 306-7.) 
B. The Mason bill was an irritant to the North ; for 
1. It was even more severe than that of 1793. It 
had no idea of justice to the negro, but he was to be 
convicted in the most summary manner. (McDon- 
ald, Select Documents.) (b) It was even more 
severe than the fugitive laws of Ancient Rome. 
(Rhodes, Vol. I. ch. 2.) C. It was proposed to 
injure the cause of the Union in case it was passed 
or rejected. 1. If rejected the secessionists could 
accuse the North of refusing to carry out the Court 



in regard to fugitive slaves. 2. If passed the 
North would not carry it out, and the South could 
accuse the North of a breach of the constitutional 
guarantee and of the plighted faith in passing the 

Since Webster's position would extend the bale- 
ful influence of the slave power by non-application 
of the Wilmot Proviso to New Mexico, by the advo- 
cacy of cutting Texas into five new slave states and 
by the whole idea of compromise ; ■ and since he 
angered the North by the fugitive slave law his posi- 
tion was unwise. 

S. O. Martin, '03, 

E. F. Merrill, '03, and 

G. H. Campbell, '04. 


Kennedy, '04, has returned to college. 

Themes in French 4 are due December 16. 

Several students are attending the dancing 
classes in town and in Bath. 

Now is the time when the Freshmen go up in the 
garret and look for "Attic" forms. 

It is reported around the campus that Andrews, 
the star Bates tackle, has left college. 

Coach O'Connor is here at college preparing for 
the entrance examinations to the Medical School. 

Perkins, '03, has been visiting the different fra- 
ternities this week with a very attractive line of float 

McCobb, '05, has accepted a position in the North 
Windham Grammar School for the remainder of 
this term and next. 

The out-door running track has been laid down 
during the past week. Now is the time to get out 
and exercise your muscles. 

President Hyde was college preacher at Amherst, 
last Sunday, the 7th. He made a flying visit to Buf- 
falo, N. Y., on Monday and Tuesday. 

About twenty students were guests of the Bruns- 
wick society of young ladies named the Delta Sigma 
Theta at a dance in the court room, December 4. 

Mr. Benjamin Chapin, who gave the interesting 
portrayal of President Lincoln in Memorial Hall, 
December 2, spoke on the Art of Expression in 
chapel Wednesday morning. 

North College, one of the dormitories at Colby, 
was burned to the ground Saturday morning and 
sixty students were forced to seek shelter elsewhere. 
The loss was about $15,000, insured for $5,000. 

The Debating Club recently received a letter of 
inquiry from the Philolexian Society of Columbia 
University in regard to a debate between representa- 
tives of the society and of Bowdoin at Brunswick. 

Rev. D. L. Yale of Bath spoke at both church 
and chapel, Sunday. He had only a few hours' 
notice because of the inability of the person who was 
expected to be present. Mr. Yale always holds the 
interest of the students. 

No disparagement to the Brunswick Telegraph 
was intended by an item in last week's Orient. The 
Telegraph consistently supports Bowdoin, in some 
cases going further in its defense than even the col- 
lege paper dares to do. 

There was no Y. M. C. A. service after chapel 
last Sunday because of the blizzard. Next Sunday, 
the last meeting of the term, the speaker will be 
Professor Robinson, and there will be a solo by Miss 
Mountfort of Lisbon Falls. 

By vote of the Faculty, special students must 
hereafter take at least twelve hours a week, instead 
of three courses as before. This ruling affects but 
few of the special students, since most of them take 
Freshman studies or extra courses. 

Just at this time there is the seriousness notice- 
able in the conduct of the students which, in the 
normal human being, denotes the approach of some 
important, uncertain event. Examinations are com- 
ing on, those stock advertisements for time lost, 
without the saving clause "no questions asked." 

The Sagadahoc County Teachers' Association 
had its annual convention at the Science Building, 
December 5. Professor Woodruff delivered the 
address of welcome, J. P. Webber, 1900, of Bath, 
read a paper on "High School English," and Profes- 
sor Robinson conducted a "trip to Rome" with ster- 
eopticon assistance. 

By vote of the Faculty the time for making up 
entrance conditions has been made similar to the 
time allowed for making up conditions in college, — 
one term plus two weeks of the next term for two 
conditions, two terms plus two weeks of the third 
term for any additional conditions. Algebra and 
Geometry are required to be the first conditions 
passed off. 

The date of the dedication of the Hubbard Build- , 
ing has been officially announced as June 24th, so 
that it will be one of the leading events of Com- 
mencement Week. It is likely that the President's 
reception will occur in the Library on the evening of 
that day. The Library will be completed early in 
February, and transference of books to new quar- 
ters will begin at once. 

President Roosevelt in his annual message to 
Congress sticks to his text in advocating a law to 
reach the evils of the trusts and a commission to 
examine into the workings of the tariff. He renews 
his plea for a reciprocity treaty with Cuba, recom- 
mends the creation of a cabinet office for a secretary 
of commerce, thinks that the Panama Canal scheme 
can be put through, and believes in maintaining a 
strong navy to enforce the Monroe doctrine. 

The November Quill appeared this week, and is 
entirely an undergraduate issue. It is, too, perhaps 
the best of the year. Stover, '03, has a story, "Our 
Story," Emerson, '04, another story, "My Lady 
Sleeps," and an anonymous Junior translates from 
the German Gottschalk's poem, "Am Straude." The 
"Silhouette" is an appeal for widening our athletic 
horizon instead of concentrating on local rivals ; the 
"Gander Club" finds- consolation in our athletic 
reverses, and "Ye Postman," as ever, picks out some 
good bits. 



Recitations will end next Tuesday night. 

The Classical Club enjoyed last Tuesday evening 
at the home of Professor Woodruff. Mr. Dyer 
entertained the company with classical readings, 

We are unable to print the briefs of the debate on 
Negro Education, this week, since one of the briefs 
has been mislaid by the debaters. These briefs will 
probably appear in the next issue. 

I. W. Nutter, '03, and W. T. Cobb, '77, of Rock- 
land, were the guests of the Bowdoin Club of Boston 
at its monthly dinner, December 6. About 65 were 
present, and an enthusiastic reception was given both 
to the probable next Governor of Maine, who spoke 
on "Socialism," and to the Manager of the Foot-Ball 
Association who spoke for "Athletics." 

The second meeting of the Mechanics' Club was 
held Wednesday, December 3, at the room of Gould, 
'03. Harlow, '03, read a very interesting and 
instructive paper in which he treated of the alloys 
of brass and their uses in mechanics. During the 
discussion by the club which followed, Mr. I. H. 
Simpson gave an interesting talk on copper wire and 
how it is made. The topic of iron was chosen for 
discussion at the first meeting of next term. The 
business part of the meeting over, the stein was 
placed on the table, pipes lighted, and the chafing- 
dish set going, and the meeting dismissed in high 

"Bath people take Bowdoin College students 
pretty seriously when they get out the entire police 
force of the city to prevent the young men from 
singing between the acts at Columbia Theatre. It is 
rather funny to think of the orchestra playing 'Phi 
Chi,' and minions of the law standing with drawn 
clubs to keep sixty students from singing a famous 
old college song, but that is about what happened 
last Saturday night. It is a mistake to regard stu- 
dents as vicious hoodlums. They are, as a rule, 
gentlemen, having proper regard for other people's 
feelings. If Bath had no worse citizens than these 
to look out for, it would be a more orderly com- 
munity than it is at present." — Brunswick Record. 

A conference of representatives from the faculties 
of the four Maine colleges was held at Augusta, the 
Saturday of Thanksgiving vacation, at the call of 
the President of Bates. President Hyde and Dr. 
Whittier represented Bowdoin. The resolutions of 
the undergraduate conference at Waterville were 
presented for consideration, but no formal action 
was taken, since it is the custom at Bowdoin, as at 
some other colleges, for the Faculty to take no 
official share in the direction of athletics beyond 
choosing two representatives on the Council. Another 
meeting may be held at a later date. 

The following books have been recently added 
to the Library : "Christus Auctor," by W. A. Chand- 
ler; "Great Issues," by W. Barker; "Birds of North 
and Middle America," by Smithsonian Institution; 
Statesman's Year Book; "Poetry of Robert Brown- 
ing," by S. A. Brooke; "American Navigation," by 
W.W. Bates; "Treatise on Title Pages," by T. L. 
De Vinne; "Story of Athens," by H. C. Butler; 
"Constitutional History of • the United States," by 
F. N. Thorpe; "Life and Times of Alfred the 
Great," by C. Plummer ; "Industrial and Social 
History of England," by E. P. Cheyney; "Cardinal 

Virtues," by President Hyde; "New Pieces That 
Will Take Prizes," by H. Blackstone. . 

An uncommonly large and interested audience 
enjoyed Mr. Chapin's impersonation of Abraham 
Lincoln, as given on Tuesday evening, December 2, 
at Memorial Hall. His presentation of Mr. Lincoln's 
general traits and particular idiosyncrasies was one 
of the best dramatic exhibitions ever seen here. Mr. 
Chapin invested his subject with a wonderful dis- 
play of genuine pathos. He showed a grasp of 
details of character, a talent for assimilating the 
moods and emotions of a master-mind. In his rep- 
resentation of these four personages at once, he 
made the audience feel the presence of a great actor. 
He thrilled everybody with a better appreciation of 
our beloved martyr-President. 

The last themes of the term will be due Friday, 
December 12. 

Juniors : 

1. The Ideal College Teacher (See Forum, Jan- 
uary, 1902 ; Popular Science Monthly September, 

2. Webster's Position on the Slavery Question 
as Set Forth in His Speech of March 7, 1850. 

3. A Short Story. 

4. Van Dyke's "The Blue Flower." 
Sophomores : 

A Review or Criticism of One of the Following 
Named Novels by Thackeray : "Pendennis," "Henry 
Esmond," "The Newcomes," "The Virginians." 

The seventh debate of the term occurred on 
Monday evening, December 1. The question was, 
Resolved, That Webster's attitude toward slavery as 
shown in his speech of March 7, 1850, was, under 
the circsmstances, unwise. Affirmative, Martin, Mer- 
rill and Campbell. Negative, Gould, Kimball and 
Whitney. This discussion was by far the best of the 
course. It was intelligent and spirited, the first 
debate of the term to arouse a genuine interest as 
interpreted by earnest and pertinent speeches from 
the Moor. The affirmative won the debate. 

The eighth debate of the course took place 
Wednesday afternoon, December 3. The question 
was, Resolved, That the education of the Southern 
negro should be industrial rather than liberal. 
Affirmative, Stover and Harvey. Negative, Paine, 
F. E. Towne and Mikelsky. The affirmative won the 

The ninth debate of the term took place Monday 
evning, December 8. The question was, Resolved, 
That the application of the Monroe Doctrine by the 
United States in the Venezuelan controversy of 1895, 
was historically justifiable and politically wise. 
Affirmative. C. C. Shaw, Woodbury and Damren. 
Negative, W. C. Towne, L. V. Walker and R. C. 
Hall. The affirmative won on the merits of the 
debate. Farley presided and Dr. Dennis and Profes- 
sor Mitchell were critics. 

The following is the detailed vote in the recent 
Junior Class elections : 

President — Bryant 32, Dana 15, Cram II. 
Vice-President — Smith by acclamation. 



Secretary and Treasurer — Whitnev 41, Archi- 
bald 19. 

Marshal — Beveridge 30, Purington 19, Mayo 10. 

Chaplain — Burpee 43, Emerson 16. 

Orator— Mikelsky 38, Everett 22. 

Poet — Bridgham by acclamation. 

Chairman. Ivy Day . Committee — Robinson 35, 
Powers 12, Martin 12. 

Second Member Committee — M. F. Chase 41, 
Packard 19. 

Third Member Committee — Bridgham 44, Frost 

Chairman Assembly Committee — Palmer 41, 
Powers 18, Martin 7. 

Other four on assembly committee — Gould 20, 
Sexton 10, Saunders 7, Walker 7, scattering votes for 
Mayo, Roberts, T. Chase, Clark. 

The selection of popular man was made by 32 
votes on the first ballot. 

Nominations were brought in for each office by a 
committee of delegates from the fraternities and the 
non-fraternity group ; should the first ballot not give 
a majority, a second ballot on the two leading names 
was to be taken ; but the first ballot resulted in a 
majority each time, as shown above. 


The managers of the Glee and Mandolin-Guitar 
Clubs have picked their men for the present season 
as follows : 

Mandolin Club, 1st mandolins, Woodbury, Preble, 
Bridgham, Chapman ; 2d mandolins, Larrabee, T. 
Chase, Packard, Andrews ; guitars, Wilson, Palmer. 
Winchell, Morrill. 

Glee Club, 1st tenors, Purington, Denning, Ryan; 
2d tenors, R. N. dishing, Pratt, Chase, Morrill; 1st 
bassos, Jones, Riley, Weld, Andrews; 2d bassos, 
Shaw, Archibald, Larrabee, Winchell. 

The schedule of trips has not yet been 


8.3O A.M. 

Wednesday — History 7, Hall. 
Thursday — Philosophy 1, Hall. 
Economics 1, Phys. 
Friday — English Literature 1, Hall. 
History 10, Adams. 
Latin 4, Hall. 
Saturday — Biology 2, Science Building. 

German 1, Hall. 
Monday — Economics 7, Phys. Lect. 
Mathematics 4. 
Latin 1, Hall. 
Tuesday — German 4, Hall. 
German 7, Hall. 
French 1, Chem. Lect. 

1.30 P.M. 
Wednesday — French 7, Chem. Lect. 

Greek 1, Hall. 
Thursday — Geology 1, Science Building. 

French 4. 
Friday — Physics 1, Science Building. 
Spanish I, Hall. 
Mathematics 1, Hall. 

Saturday — English Literature 4. 

Greek 4. 

History 4, Adams. 

Monday — Rhetoric 1, Hall. 

German 10. 
Tuesday — Biology 5, Science Building. 

Chemistry 1, Science Building. 


The following is the financial report for the foot- 
ball season of 1902, submitted by Irving W. Nutter, 
Manager : 


Adv. by Graduate Treasurer, $ 70.00 

Subscriptions, 915.90 

Miscellaneous, 60.90 

Fort Preble Game, 68.65 

Harvard Game, 130.00 

Exeter Game, 97-25 

N. H. S. C. Game, 57.85 

Hebron Game, 26.75 

Colby Game, 495-30 

Amherst Game, 181.05 

Bates Game 468.75 

U. of M. Game, 202.00 


Property $349-98 

Miscellaneous, 290.41 

Training Table, 158.25 

Repaid Graduate Treasurer, 70.00 

Fort Preble Game, 51.36 

Harvard Game 127.25 

Exeter Game, 132. 12 

N. H. S. C. Game, 91.18 

Hebron Game, 28.92 

Colby Game, 204.75 

Amherst Game, 293.31 

Bates Game, 109.50 

U. of M. Game, 93-50 

Coach, 700.00 


Total Receipts, $2,774.40 

Total Expenses, 2,700.53 

Cash on hand $73-87 


Cash on hand $73-87 

Unpaid T. T. board, 34-00 

Unpaid subscriptions, 4.50 

Total balance, $1 12.37 

Audited for the Athletic Council, December 8, 
W. A. Moody, Treasurer. 

C. T. Hawes, 

Chairman Athletic Council. 




A meeting of the Athletic Council was held Sat- 
urday evening, December 6. The principal business 
of the meeting was to consider the articles drawn up 
by the delegates of the four Maine colleges who 
recently met at Waterville to discuss matters of ath- 
letic interest to the college, and which were referred 
by them for action to the different colleges. The 
first article, which prohibits any one who shall here- 
after play base-ball with any team playing under the 
American or National League requirements from 
playing on his college team, was accepted by the stu- 
dents last spring and was adopted again by the 

Philip O. Coffin, '03, represented Bowdoin at the 
convention of delegates from the four Maine col- 
leges held at Waterville recently to license regula- 
tions for the governing of athletics in the four Maine 

The second article, popularly known as the 
"four-year" rule, which prohibits any one from rep- 
resenting his college in any intercollegiate athletic 
contest who has already represented it for four years 
in any branch of athletics, is already a part of the 
Constitution, so that no action was necessary on that 

The third article was the "one-year rule." This 
rule differs slightly from the one-year rule passed 
by the Council at its previous meeting in that it 
makes the period of ineligibility of an athlete one 
year from the time that he enters a new college, 
instead of one year from the time that he left his 
old college, as our previous rule read. The differ- 
ence in the working of the two rules is practically 
nothing, and as the rule requiring a year's residence 
in the new college is the one in use at most col- 
leges, the Council voted to amend the rule as pre- 
viously passed to this form. 

The rest of the articles proposed by the conven- 
tion at Waterville were laid on the table for the time 

It was the opinion of the Council that the work 
incumbent upon the manager of the tennis associa- 
tion was not sufficient to entitle him to a "B," and 
that the mere fact of his holding the office was in 
itself sufficient honor. So it was voted to recom- 
mend to the student body that the privilege granted 
to managers of wearing a "B" with a bar beneath it 
be witheld in the case of the tennis manager. 

It was also thought that the requirements for 
making a player's tennis "B" are at present too strict, 
and it was voted to recommend to the students that 
players winning first or second place in any inter- 
collegiate tennis meet, or winning a majority of 
points in any intercollegiate round robin meet be 
entitled to wear a "B." 

The Council adjourned after the discussion of a 
few other matters of routine business. 

The University of Maine Campus calls our atten- 
tion to an error in our issue of November 6, where 
we state that seven graduates of the University of 
Missouri were added to the Maine teaching force 
this year. The error was not ours, but was a mis- 
print in Science, and the University has asked 
Science to correct the item. 


'97. — The engagement is announced of Eugene 
Conrad Vining, principal of the Howe School, 
Billerica, Mass., and Miss Ellen Blanchard Ewell, 
of Aiarshfield Hills, Mass. 

'01. — In a late issue, the University Cynic of the 
University of Vermont, gives a complete account of 
the foot-ball season of 1902, which has been the 
most successful in the history of the University. 
We note the following : "Of Coach Cloudman, too 
much cannot be said. He has put his own will, 
force, determination, fight, and, above all, clean, 
gentlemanly bearing, into the playing of every man 
and the team as a whole. The team is largely a 
personification of his spirit. The Cynic voices the 
college sentiment in giving honors to him to whom 
honor is due." 

'02. — Charles E. Rolfe, 2d, has been coaching 
the Unity foot-ball team during the past few weeks. 
The team has been very successful, as it has not lost 
a game this season. 


'60. — Hon. Thomas Brackett Reed died suddenly 
at Washington, D. C, December 7, 1902. He was 
born at Portland, Maine, October 18, 1839, his 
parents being of sturdy, honest, and independent 
New England stock. He received his preparatory 
education in the public schools of Portland, and at 
the age of 16 he entered Bowdoin with the Class of 
i860. He was obliged to work his way through col- 
lege, but was respected and honored by his fellow- 
students. During his Senior year he became a mem- 
ber of the Chi Psi fraternity. His commencement 
part was entitled, "The Fear of Death," and won the 
commencement prize. After graduating from col- 
lege Mr. Reed taught a year in Portland High 
School, in the meantime studying law. In 1862 he 
went west, was admitted to the California Bar in 
1863, and practiced for some time in San Jose. In 
1S64 he secure i a position as assistant paymaster in 
the Navy and served about a year on the Mississippi 
and on the waters of the Gulf. In 1865 he was 
admitted to the bar in Portland, where he soon had 
a large practice, and in 1868 he was elected to the 
Maine Legislature. In 1870 he became a member of 
the State Senate and in the same year left the Senate 
to become Attorney-General. After a hard contest in 
which Mr. Reed won by only a few votes, he took his 
seat in the Congress of 1877. L-i the 51st Congress 
in 1888 he was chosen Speaker of the House and 
received the same honor in the 54th and 55th ses- 
sions. In 1896 Mr. Reed became a candidate for the 
Presidential nomination and had a large following, 
but failed to obtain the nomination. In 1899 he 
retired from public life, soon after his election to the 
56th Congress, of which also he would have doubt- 
less been Speaker, and became a member of the law 
firm of Reed, Simpson & Thatcher, New York City. 

He received the degree of LL.D. from Colby in 
1885; from Columbia in 1890; and from Bowdoin 
in 1890. 



No. 20. 





Clement F. Robinson, 1903, Editor-in-Chief. 

Farnsworth O. Marshall, 1903, Business Manager. 

William T. Eowe, 1904, Assistant Editor-in-Chief. 
Harold J. Everett, 1904, Assistant Business Manager. 

Associate Editors. 
S. C. W. Simpson, 1903. E. H. R. Burroughs, 1905. 

S. T. Dana, 1904. W. S. Cushing, 1905. 

John W. Frost, 1904. W. F. Finn, Jr., 1905. 

A. L. McCobb, 1905. 


Per annum, in advance, . 
Per Copy, .... 

. $2.00. 
10 Cents. 

Please address business communications to the Business 
Manager, and all other contributions to the Editor-in-Chief. 

Entered at the Post-Offlce at Brunswick as Second-Class Mail Matter. 
Printed at the Journal Office, Lewiston. 

While electric lights are kept burning 
over the thresholds of nearly all the college 
buildings, we find none in front of the entrance 
to the northern wing of the chapel. Anyone 
wishing to refer to the bulletin-board is 
obliged to do so before sunset or carry some 
means of illumination about his person. The 
students would appreciate some action by the 
officials to remedy this state of things. 

We have received an anonymous letter in 
regard to the personal qualifications of the 
editor-in-chief for his position, of a nature ter- 
rifying enough to raise the hair of a tobacco- 
shop Indian. We hope that by association 
with such literary lights as the style of the 
letter shows its writer to be, in due season 
we may become worthy of encomiums as grace- 

ful as are the criticisms in the letter, but we 
should prefer to have them signed. Evi- 
dently an editorial in our last issue causes 
somebody's shoe to pinch. 

The athletic constitution has been set up by 
the printer, but copies will not be printed for 
distribution until the action of the student 
body has been taken on one or two minor mat- 
ters of which the Council recommends recon- 

The idea suggested in the communication 
from a Sophomore, which we publish in this 
issue, seems to be gaining ground. Among 
the students, in private conversation, this lack 
of a dramatic club has been deplored quite 
often during the last year or two. It only 
remains for somebody to start the ball roll- 
ing, and see if there is any general college 
sentiment to help it along. If "Sophomore" 
would get the opinions of his friends and 
through them of the college in general, and if 
it is favorable, through the fraternities or by 
a notice on the bulletin board, call a conference 
of those interested, he might be the means of 
giving the impulse to a movement which we 
should eventually regard as naturally and as 
proudly as we now regard the musical clubs. 

The provision of the Athletic Constitution 
in regard to manager's insignia, seems to have 
been loosely worded in the form passed by the 
student body. At Dartmouth, Amherst, 
Columbia, and some other institutions, the 
manager is given the full letter, to wear on 
sweaters or caps as he chooses, but the Bow- 
doin Athletic Council, and probably the stu- 
dent body, feel that since lettered sweaters and 
jerseys have always been regarded here ab 



athletic perquisites alone, it is unwise to intro- 
duce the custom of allowing others, even man- 
agers, to wear them with a "B," even though 
it have a line under it. That privilege seems 
to have been unwittingly given in the new 
constitution, although no managers have yet 
taken advantage of it, if indeed they have 
noticed it. The Athletic Council, and doubt- 
less the students too, realize however that the 
time which managers are now obliged to put 
into the work, and the risks they undertake, 
solely for the honor of the position, deserve 
some permanent souvenir. And therefore they 
recommend that although the privilege of 
wearing a lettered sweater and jersey be taken 
away, that the section that is substituted allow 
the managers the privilege of an unmodified 
"B" of their department on caps or hats. The 
majority of the larger colleges do not differ- 
entiate the manager's "B" from the player's 
"B," except as some of them restrict its use, 
as this section would, to caps or hats alone. 
Since there are never but six managers in col- 
lege at any one time, and some of these are 
often themselves players, such a prerogative 
will not tend to dot the campus with unath- 
letic "B's," but would seem to be a very 
reasonable grant of privilege and quite proper 
to be made by the students. 


The following men from the Senior and 
Junior classes have been chosen to compete in 
two special debates during the first fortnight 
of next term, and from them the six will be 
chosen to compete for the Bradbury prizes in 
February: Marshall, Martin, Merrill, Robin- 
son, Stover, Walker, Webber, Woodbury, 
1903; Burpee, Campbell, Kimball, Whitney, 

W. B. Mitchell. 

The following vote of the Faculty, passed 
last June, is published in order that misun- 
derstanding may be avoided: "No man shall 
be allowed to supply an extra study out of 

any term unless he maintained a standing not 
lower than C in five courses of the term in 
which the extra study was taken." This rul- 
ing is now in effect. It has not been officially 
indicated whether the ruling applies to those 
who are making up a condition by taking an 
extra course. 

George T. Files, Registrar. 

All library books become due on Monday, 
December 22, at 9 a.m., without regard to the 
date on which they may have been taken out. 
Those desiring to hold books out over the 
vacation must apply to the librarian for per- 

George T. Little, Librarian. 


Editor of the Orient: 

A branch of college activities which exists 
in many other institutions, and which Bowdoin 
lacks greatly, is a Dramatic Club. At other 
colleges such organizations are in full bloom, 
and contribute not a little to the pleasure and 
enjoyment of college life. Such an organiza- 
tion would be a great source of benefit to Bow- 
doin, and would prove a good outlet for our 
surplus energy. We have a successful Glee 
and Mandolin Club, and this would just fill 
out whatever gap there may be during the 
year, and would prove pleasurable and profit- 
able. - "We have enough and good material to 
make it a rousing success. There is time this 
year to have a first-class successful club. Who 
will take the first steps toward starting such 
an organization? 


The eleventh and last debate of the term occurred 
last Monday evening, December 15. The question 
was, "Resolved, That the exclusion of the Chinese 
from the United States, according to the provisions 
of the Act of Congress of 1902, was a wise policy." 
Affirmative, Simpson, Farley and F. E. Towne. Neg- 
ative, Harvey and Burpee. The affirmative won the 
debate. The question presented was enjoyed by 
the largest attendance of the term. Many speeches 
were made from the floor. The rebuttals and the 
repartee were of a very jocose and entertaining order. 




The 15th Biennial Conclave of the Kappa 
Sigma Fraternity was held at New Orleans, 
La., November 26, 27 and 28. Each of the 
sixty chapters was represented, and about 250 
Kappas were present. The great and pro- 
gressive metropolis of the South offered many 
-ights to the delegates. 

Worthy Grand Master D. H. Hoy, Regis- 
trar of Cornell University, called the Con- 
clave to order Wednesday morning. After 
making a few opening remarks he introduced 
Hon. Paul Capdeville, mayor of the city, who 
formally welcomed the fraternal body of stu- 
dents and ex-students. After formal addresses 
by Col. W. C. Dufour and J. H. Covington, 
editor-in-chief of the Caduceus, the fraternity 
magazine, a brief recess was taken, after 
which it went into executive session. During 
the evening an informal smoker was held, at 
which the order of meetings and general 
arrangements were announced. Thursday 
there was a business session in the morning at 
which it was voted that the old colors be aban- 
doned and be replaced by the colors of scarlet, 
white and emerald green, as these were the 
colors of the order as it existed in Europe. 
During the afternoon the delegates went in a 
body to the foot-ball game between Tulane 
University and the University of Mississippi. 
Thursday evening a very enjoyable time was 
spent at the Tulane Theatre viewing the fine 
production of "The Tempest." Friday there 
were business sessions, forenoon and after- 
noon. After the morning session the dele- 
gates enjoyed the attractions which New 
Orleans was able to offer within its gates. 

Friday evening the banquet, which was the 
crowning social feature of the Conclave, took 
place in the St. Charles Hotel. The banquet 
hall was prettily decorated with the national 
colors and. the fraternal colors, while the flag 
of the Nation and the banner of the order 
floated side by side. The menu card was 
beautifully embossed with the order's pin and 

Kappa Sigma. Mark Sands. 

Our Hosts. F. K. Tarr. 

The Old Grads. Dr. E. E. Sheib. 

The Active Membership. E. T. Moore, Jr. 

Our Sweethearts. Samuel B. Thomas. 

Our Future. Fred J. Perry. 

The banquet closed the convention proper, 
although many remained over to get a closer 

and more comprehensive view of the city of 
Cable and Hearn. The Conclave was the 
most successful ever held, and all were loud in 
the praise of the cordial greeting of the 
Southern people. J. B. Perkins, '03, repre- 
sented Alpha Rho Chapter of Bowdoin. 


Resolved, That the application of the Monroe 
Doctrine by the United States in the Venezuelan 
controversy of 1895 was historically justifiable and 
politically wise. 


General References : Lodge, Congressional 
Record, 54th Congress, first session ; G. S. Houtwell, 
The Crisis of the Republic; Burgess, The Middle 
Period; J. W. Foster, A Century of American 
Diplomacy; Nation, vol. 62, 1896; Straus, Forum, 
vol. 20; Roosevelt, Monroe Doctrine, American 
Ideals; Lodge, North American Review, vol. 160; 
Current History, vol. 6, 1896; Henderson, American 
Diplomatic Questions. 


I. The controversy between Great Britain and 
Venezuela over the boundary line between British 
Guiana ,and Venezuela had existed for over half a 

II. At the request of Venezuela the United 
States tried for. fifteen years to persuade Great 
Britain to arbitrate with Venezuela. A. In 1895 
President Cleveland with the consent of Congress 
demanded that Great Britain and Venezuela settle 
the boundary dispute by friendly arbitration. 

III. The Executive of the United States con- 
sidered its' position justifiable under the principles 
of the Monroe Doctrine. 

IV. Definition of terms. A. Application. B. 
Justifiable. (Webster's Dictionary.) 


I. Great Britain dealt unjustly with Venezuela 
in respect to the boundary line, for 

A. She encroached upon territory justly claimed 
by Venezuela, for 1. ' The territory which she 
received from the Dutch in 1814 extended no farther 
than the Morocco River. 2. Great Britain with no 
new rights since 1814 had pushed the boundary line 
to the west many times, for a. In 1836 the British 
minister at Caracas requested the Venezuelan gov- 
ernment to place a lighthouse at the mouth of 
the Orinoco River, thus admitting it to be Venezue- 
lan territory. (Lodge, Cong. Rec, 54th Congress, 
first session, p. 416.) b. In 1840 the British tribu- 
nal of Guiana gave the decision that it had no juris- 
diction over the territory of the Morocco (which 
is far to the east of the Orinoco) (417). c. In 
1890 Great Britain declared that "she could not 
accept as satisfactory any arrangement not admit- 
ting as English territory all included within the 
Schomburgk line" which extended to the mouth of 



the Orinoco (418). B. Great Britain up to 1895 
had always refused the requests of Venezuela to 
arbitrate on the disputed territory. (Foster, p. 


II. The encroachments of Great Britain on Ven- 
ezuelan territory were contrary to the principles of 
the Monroe Doctrine, for A. The Monroe Doctrine 
states that the "United States would consider any 
attempt on the part of European powers to extend 
their system to any portion of this hemisphere as 
dangerous to our peace and safety" and "with the 
governments who have declared their independence 
and maintained it, we could not view any interposi- 
tion for the purpose of oppressing them, or con- 
trolling in any other way their destiny, by any 
European power, in any other light than as a man- 
ifestation of an unfriendly disposition towards the 
United States." (N. A. Review, vol. 160, pp. 61-3). 

III. The methods used by the administration of 
the United States to enforce the Monroe Doctrine 
in this case were wise, for A. The United States 
had tried, for fifteen years, to have the dispute set- 
tled by friendly arbitration, without any satisfac- 
tory result (Foster, p. 467). B. The possession of 
the Orinoco by Great Britain might have been dan- 
gerous to the United States. (N. A. Rev., vol. 160, 
p. 657). C. Any acquisition of new territory in 
South America would have established a precedent 
dangerous to the interests of the United States, for 
1. Other great European powers might pursue a 
similar policy. 


Inasmuch, then, as Great Britain had for many 
years treated Venezuela unjustly and kept putting 
her off, all the time refusing to arbitrate, and 
encroaching upon the territory of an American 
republic, the United States was justified in interfer- 
ing, and the application of the Monroe Doctrine was 
historically justifiable and politically wise. 

K. H. Damren, '05; W. S. Woodbury, '03, and 
C. C. Shaw, 03. 


General references : President Monroe's Sev- 
enth ' Annual Message ; Adams, The Venezuelan 
Question and the Monroe Doctrine ; Lord Salisbury, 
Letter to Sir Julian Pauncefote ; Cassatt, The 
Recent Pseudo-Monroeism; Political Science Quar- 
terly, vol. II., 1896; Secretary Olney, Letter to Mr. 
Bayard ; Henderson, American Diplomatic Ques- 
tions; Woolsey, The President's Monroe Doctrine, 
Forum vol. 20, 1896 ; Cassatt, The Monroe Doctrine, 
Defence, Not Defiance, International Year Book, 


I. The Monroe Doctrine as applied to the 
American continents is embodied in two statements 
taken from President Monroe's seventh message to 
Congress. A. The American continents are hence- 
forth not to be considered as subjects for future 
colonization by any European powers. B. We (the 
United States) declare that we should consider any 
attempt on their (the Holy Alliance) part to extend 
their hemisphere as dangerous to our peace and 

II. In determining whether the application of 
the Monroe Doctrine by the United States in the 

Venezuelan Controversy of 189S was historically 
justifiable, it is necessary to consider two questions. 
A. Were the circumstances in the Venezuelan Con- 
troversy such as to allow the use of the Monroe 
Doctrine in its original meaning. B. Has the Mon- 
roe Doctrine been applied since its original applica- 
tion under circumstances similar to those in the 
Venezuelan case? 

III. The object of the Monroe Doctrine was 
self-defense. The peace and safety of the United 
States in its then weak condition was menaced by 
the Holy Alliance which was contemplating the 
occupation of Mexico and of Central and South 
America and the establishment of despotic mon- 
archial government. 


I. The application of the Monroe Doctrine by 
the United States in the Venezuelan Controversy of 
1895 was not historically justifiable, for A. The cir- 
cumstances in the Venezuelan case were not the 
same as in the original application of the Monroe 
Doctrine. I. The safety of the United States was 
not menaced, a. The disputed territory is 1600 miles 
from Florida, b. England already had nearer naval 
posts in Canada and the West Indies, c. England 
was already established in British Guiana. 2. The 
part of the Monroe Doctrine which states that the 
extension of the political system of the Holy Alli- 
ance to any portion of this hemisphere is dangerous 
to our peace and safety is not applicable to the Ven- 
ezuelan Controversy, a. England had grounds for 
her claims in the disputed territory, u. A Spanish 
map of 1691 gave to Great Britain the possession 
of the Orinoco through exploration by Raleigh. 
(Adams, p. 13). v.' A Dutch map of 1744 and an 
American map of 1776 show the Dutch in posses- 
sion of territory practically corresponding with the 
Shomburgk line. (Idem), w. A map of Dutch 
Guiana, officially printed in 1798, shortly before the 
territory was ceded to England by Holland (1814) 
marks the Dutch possessions as extending from a 
Dutch post at the mouth of the Orinoco straight 
into the interior, substantially what was claimed by 
Great Britain in 1895. (Idem), x. In 1759 and 
again in 1769 Holland addressed formal remon- 
strances to the Spanish government against 
encroachments into the Dutch territory in the basin 
of the Cuymei, and the Spanish archives show the 
statement that the government considered the 
claims of the incroaching Spaniards as "very 
improbable." (Idem), y. The claims of Spain and 
Portugal based upon the Bull of Pope Alexander 
VI. in 1493 have never been recognized by Protes- 
tant nations or by international law. (Idem), z. 
The statement that England has constantly increased 
her claims in the disputed territory is not true, for 
(1) The various lines established by her were not 
put forward as the limits of her claims but as con- 
cessions aiming to amicable adjustment. (Lord 
Salisbury: (Letter to Sir Julian Paunceforte). 3. 
The part of the Monroe Doctrine referring to future 
colonization is not applicable, a. England's claims 
were based upon grants antedating the statement of 
the Monroe Doctrine, b. Olney's statement that 
if Great Britain is appropriating Venezuelan terri- 
tory it is not material that she does so by advancing 
the frontier of an old colony instead of by planting 
a new colony, is not true, for x. A new colony 
would give a ' new colonial center. (Burgess : The 



Recent Pseudo-Monroeism, Political Science Quar- 
terly, vol. XI. p. 14.) B. The application of the 
Monroe Doctrine in 1895 had no historical prece- 
dent. I. The Monroe Doctrine had never been 
introduced into diplomatic correspondence. (Bur- 
gess: p. 44). 

II. It was not politically wise, for A. It threat- 
ened to break off our friendly relations with Great 
Britain. I. It assumed wrong doing on the part of 
Great Britain without sufficient knowledge of the 
facts of the case. (Secretary Olney : Message to 
Mr. Bayard). B. It threatened to bring a great 
war upon the people of the United States, for 1. 
Arbitration on our terms was the only alternative 
offered by Mr. Olney. (Idem). C. It menaced 
the commercial prosperity of the United States. 
(Henderson: American Diplomatic Questions, p. 
444.) D. It promised no advantage to the United 

L. V. Walker, '03; W. C. Towne, '03; and 
R. E. Hall, '05. 


Resolved, That Congress should remove tariff 
duties on goods produced in the United States by 
trusts and industrial combinations. 


General references : Report of Industrial Com- 
mission, 1900, vol. I., 1901, vols. XIII., XIX. Clark: 
The Treatment of Trusts. Schoenhauf : The Indus- 
trial Situation. Jenks : The Trust Problem. Col- 
lier: The Trusts. Life and Speeches of Henry Clay. 
Life and Speeches of Garfield. Annual Summary of 
Foreign Commerce of the United States, 1902. 


There are certain conditions under which protec- 
tive duties are justifiable. These are, — to shield 
infant industries from foreign competition until they 
get a foothold.' But corresponding to the American 
system of protection, trusts have been formed. The 
position of the affirmative is that the evils of these 
trusts will be wisely and measurably met by repeal- 
ing the duties on foreign products of a competing 


I. When the industry consolidates, protection is 
no longer needed, for A. The policy of protection 
has been intended by its advocates from the first to 
be temporary. (1) Clay, (2) Webster, (3) Garfield, 
who said "I am for protection which looks to ulti- 
mate free trade." B. Consolidation destroys the 
domestic competition which was to keep prices down 
according to protectionist theory. C. Consolidated 
industries can compete on equal terms with those of 
other countries. (1) They conserve energy. (2) 
They save waste. D. The argument that the inde- 
pendent companies would be injured, to advantage 
of trusts, by removing the tariff, is untrue, because 
(1) independent companies are generally willing to 
join the trust, when pressed, (a) Spreckles joined 

Sugar Trust. Some of the independent manufac- 
turers themselves ask to have the duty removed on 
their products, (vol. XIII.) 

II. The tariff should be removed on goods pro- 
duced under monopoly conditions, for A. Trusts 
protected by the tariff have the power to demand 
excessive prices for the goods which they manufac- 
ture for I. They have no competition to contend 
with. B. They do not hesitate to use this power. 
1. As instanced in the case of the International 
Paper Co. and in that of the United States Steel Co. 
for (a) they sell goods abroad at a profit for (x) 
their managers admit this, (b) They sell goods 
abroad at prices less than those charged the home 
consumer, for, (x) evidence before Industrial Com- 
mission substantiates this statement, (c) Such sell- 
ing abroad below domestic price is not solely to "dis- 
pose of surplus," for (a) contracts six months ahead 
are made, (b) The volume of the trade is enor- 
mous, (c) It would be possible to sell a "surplus" 
in the United States. C. Trusts of an industrial 
nature, unprotected by the tariff can not charge 
extreme prices, for, I. Imports from abroad will 
automatically force prices back to the normal, for 
(a) This was done when the Copper Trust raised 
the price of copper in U. S. 

III. Refutation. In practice, the application of 
this remedy would not injure American industry, 
for A. A great number of the industries would be 
totally unaffected, — I. Oil, 2. Copper, etc. B. A 
great number of the most important industries would 
continue in the United States, for 1. We have 
immense natural resources. 2. Higher efficiency of 
American labor balances higher wages here than 
abroad. 3. We are already competing on even 
terms with foreign manufacturers in goods which 
are sold for the same price here as abroad. (Annual 
Summary of American Commerce, '02.) 4. In 
those industries where wages and dividends are dis- 
proportionally high, by the going down of both, the 
consumer would be greatly benefitted. 5. Many of 
those connected with the trusts testify that the trusts 
would not survive even a change of tariff, (a) Such 
are the Rubber, Steel, Salt, Slate, Glass, Starch, 
Paper Trusts. C. The loss of the remaining indus- 
tries such as cordage and sugar-refining, would not 
be harmful, for 1. Inconvenience would be tempo- 
rary, (a) capital would re-invest in more profitable 
industries. 2. Products of these industries, made 
cheaper elsewhere, would be exchanged with us for 
goods made cheaper here. 3. Some entirely new 
industries would develop, (a) Beet sugar and 
marmalade and jelly, instead of sugar refining. 4. 
We should cease to extort a permanent tax from 
consumers for the maintenance of favored industries. 


Since a remedy for the evils of the trusts is 
admittedly needed, and the removal of duties from 
goods produced in the United States by trusts would 
be in accordance with the principles of protection, 
would be effective in curbing monopoly abuses, and 
would not permanently injure trade conditions, this 
removal should take place. 

G. H. Stover, '03; R. R. Paine, '03; and 
C. F. Robinson, 03. 




General references : Report of the Industrial 
Commission 1900, vol. I. 1901, vols. XIII., XVIII. 
Trusts and Competition, Gunton. The Trust Prob- 
lem, Jenks. Trusts or Competition, Nettleton. The 
Trusts, Collier. Chicago Conference on Trusts. 
The Economic Journal, June 1902, American Trusts 
and English Combination, Hubbard. Political 
Science Monthly, Vol. V. 1900, Trusts, Clark. The 
Hydra-Headed Monster, Littlefield. President 
Roosevelt's Message, 1902. 


I. Trusts and industrial combinations are not 
created by the tariff, for, A. Competition is the cause 

.of trusts and industrial combinations, because 
(Report of the Industrial Commission for 1900, Vol. 
I.) 1. Successful manufacturing, must be carried on 
at a profit. 2. Competition destroys profit. 3. 
Combination of competing companies cheapens the 
cost of production and makes profit possible. (The 
Trusts, Collier.) 4. Competition is the chief cause 
of trusts in foreign countries. R. Ind. Com., vol. 
XVI V.) B. Trusts and industrial combination are 
found in countries where no tariff exists. (The Eco- 
nomic Journal, June 1902; Ind. Com. vol. XXIV.) C. 
Trusts and industrial combinations exist in articles 
which are not protected by the tariff. For, I. The 
product of the Standard Oil Company is not pro- 
tected by the tariff. (The Hydra-Headed Monster. 

II. Trusts and industrial combinations as a 
whole are not detrimental, for A. They are necessary 
for conducting large industrial enterprises. (The 
Trust Problem, Jenks.) B. They cheapen the cost 
of production because, I. They save the wastes of 
competition. Ind. Com. vol. VIII. C. They do 
not charge exorbitant prices, for 1. Prices are con- 
trolled by potential competition-substitutes, etc. D. 
They are beneficial to labor, for 1. They create 
steady employment. 2. They raise the wages of 
labor employed in their industries. (Ind. Com. vol. 
I.) E. They develop export trade. (Ind. Com., 
vol. I.) 

III. The removal of the tariff from articles 
manufactured by trusts and industrial combinations 
will be injurious to American industry, for A. It will 
destroy the independent producers because (The 
Trusts, Collier.) 1. They depend on the tariff for 
profitable production. 2. They would feel the effect 
of the removal of the tariff sooner than the trusts, 
for a. They manufacture at a higher cost of pro- 
duction, b. They have smaller working capital. 3. 
It would revolutionize our present economic sys- 
tem. B. It would drive American capital abroad 
because (The Trusts, Collier.) 1. Opportunity for 
investment will be limited. 2. Capital will lose 
confidence in our economic system. C. It would 
open the way to international industrial combina- 
tions. (The Control of Trusts, Clark.), for, 1. Our 
industries would be in direct competition with like 
foreign industries. 2. International combination is 
already a fact. 

Since Trusts and industrial combinations are 
not created by the tariff, since Trusts and industrial 
combinations are not as a whole detrimental, 

since the removal of the tariff from articles 
manufactured by trusts and industrial com- 
binations will be injurious to American indus- 
try, the removal of the tariff from trusts 
and industrial combinations would be an unwise 

F. G. Marshall, '03, H. L. Webber, '03, and 
W. T. Henderson, '05. 


The Glee Club picture was taken Friday. 

The College Catalogue is due this Thursday. 

This is the last issue of the Orient for the term. 

Swett, '02, was a recent visitor at the Beta house. 

H. L. Webber, '03, has been chosen reader for the 
Glee Club. 

Spollett, '03, badlj burned his hand with hot acid 
last week. 

They are moving the medical library into the 
new building. 

The Classical Club had their pictures taken for 
the JBugle, Friday. 

The "exam" in Argumentation was held on 
Tuesday evening. 

Professor Callender has just received a fine sad- 
dle horse for his personal use. 

The Psi Upsilon fraternity went down to New 
Meadows Inn last Friday evening. 

The Library Building is already being heated 
from the central heating station. 

Grinnell, '02, who is teaching school at Windsor, 
Me., visited friends about the campus last week. 

The Beta Theta Pi fraternity enjoyed a sleigh 
ride and supper at the Gurnet last Friday night. 

It would be very acceptable to the students if the 
electric lights were turned on earlier in the after- 

There will be no Y. M. C. A. service this Thurs- 
day evening nor next Sunday afternoon, because of 

The Freshmen have chosen their cut for the 
Bugle and filed the order with Dreka of Phila- 

Professor Callender delivered an address at the 
banquet of the Single-Tax League at Boston, 
December 8. 

Brigham is on the Ivy Day Committee of the 
Junior Class instead of Bridgham, as given in last 
week's issue. 

Several students from Portland accepted the 
privilege of voting in the second municipal election 
of last Monday. 

The New York Tribune and the Boston Herald 
and Globe all had descriptions of our new Library 
Building last Sunday. 

The regular theme on the Punic Wars, required 
of the Freshmen, was passed in to Professor 
Houghton last Saturday. 



Rev. Peter McMillan of Rockport, Mass., 
preached at the Congregational Church last Sunday, 
and at Chapel in the afternoon. 

Professor Files gave an illustrated lecture before 
his Junior German Class, last Thursday evening, on 
Switzerland and the Tell Legends. 

A break in the steampipe by North Winthrop 
occurred last week, and much steam escaped into 
the ground before the leak was discovered. 

Cousens, '02, of the Harvard Graduate School, 
was in town last Monday. Harvard enjoys the 
same length of vacation that Bowdoin does. 

The History Club met at the room of Coan and 
Purington, December tenth. Kimball had a paper 
on "Italy," and there were readings by Coan 
and Lunt. 

The Mechanics Club met for the fourth and last 
time for the term at Mr. Simpson's on Tuesday 
evening, December 16th, and a pleasant social time 
was enjoyed. 

Rev. H. A. Tump of Hamilton, N. Y., will 
preach at the Congregational Church next Sunday. 
He is a quite recent graduate of Amherst and Yale, 
and was on the debating team at Yale. 

The Theta Delta Chi fraternity had a shore 
supper at New Meadows Inn, Friday evening. 
After the supper there was a spread in North 
Appleton with music and singing. 

Graduates of the University of Michigan have 
started a movement among their organizations look- 
ing to the erection of a headquarters building for 
the men of that University at the World's Fair at 
St. Louis. 

Three afternoons of last week, the Freshmen 
taking Hygiene had a chance to study Histology in 
Dr. Whittier's laboratory. About twenty speci- 
mens of different kinds of tissue and micro-organ- 
isms were on exhibition. 

The tabulation of approved absences is now 
accessible at the College Library, and all students 
who have presented excuses at any time during the 
term would do well to see if they have been prop- 
erly credited for the days they were absent. 

The Phillips-Exeter Y. M. C. A. invited Bow- 
doin to send a representative to address it, as Har- 
vard, Yale, and other colleges do. Burpee, '04, 
responded for the Bowdoin Association last Sun- 
day, addressing the Exeter Association that after- 

President Marshall of the Debating Club announ- 
ces that active work in debating will be taken up by 
the club next term, and it is certainly to be hoped 
that the club will succeed. The club has had no 
active existence this term because of the debating 

Amherst submitted on December 10, the follow- 
ing question for the debate with Bowdoin : 
"Resolved, That it is for the public interest that 
employers recognize Trade Unions in the arrange- 
ment of wage scales." Bowoin had not decided on 
the choice of sides when the Orient went to press, 
but had written to Amherst, requesting that the 
ambiguity in the expression of the question be 

The following members of the Senior Class have 
registered for the medical courses this spring: Bar- 
rows, Munro, Preble, Ridlon, Shaughnessy, Thomp- 
son, Welsh, Woodbury. Davis, '05, has also regis- 
tered for the same course, with the intention of 
transferring to the Medical School next year. 

The tenth debate of the term took place on Fri- 
day afternoon of the seventeenth inst. The ques- 
tion was, "Resolved, That Congress should remove 
tariff duties on goods produced in the United States 
by trusts and industrial combinations." Affirmative, 
Stover, Paine and Robinson. Negative, Webber, 
Henderson and Marshall. The affirmative won on 
the merits of the question. It was one of the best 
debates of the term. 

A new die for the Bowdoin Seal has been cut 
for use on all the printed official papers and 
stationery of the College. It makes no change 
from the traditional seal, except by way of beauti- 
fying some of the ugly details. There are a few of 
the first impressions of the seal, made from the die 
itself, which may be obtained of Professor Files, 
as long as they last, for ten cents each. They will 
make very neat college souvenirs. 

A meeting of the Deutscher Verein was held in 
the Verein room at New Meadows Inn, December 
10, 1902. Of the honorary members, Professor 
Files, J. P. Webber, 1900, and G. L. Lewis, '01, were 
present. Plans for increasing the Verein library were 
discussed and the matter of a German play to be 
given by the members of the Verein was talked over 
but no action taken. After a very enjoyable hour 
spent in learning German student-songs, the meeting 

An important innovation in regard to athletic 
emblems will soon be made at the University of 
Chicago. Distinguishing marks will be awarded to 
men who have earned "C's" more than once. The 
probability is that distinguishing marks will be stars, 
one for each year, worn either on the neck or left 
arm of the sweater, or in a curve directly above the 
C. If such a scheme were tried here, men like 
Cloudman, '01, and Hunt, '02, who each won eight 
or ten "B's" would bear quite a constellation on 
their persons. 

That the metropolitan newspapers judge college 
teams solely for the showing they make against the 
big University teams is well shown by the following 
clipping from the New York Times of November 20 : 

"While the season has been a brilliant one in 
many respects, the brilliancy has by no means rested 
with the big teams alone. The growing strength of 
the lesser college teams has been one of the strik- 
ing features, Dartmouth, Bowdoin, Tufts, Syracuse, 
Williams, and Bucknell being particularly notable in 
this respect." 

for well established house in a few counties, calling 
on retail merchants and agents. Local territory. 
Salary $1,024 a year and expenses, payable $19.70 a 
week in cash and expenses advanced. Position per- 
manent. Business successful and rushing. Stand- 
ard House, 334 Dearborn Street, Chicago. 



The Bowdoin calendars were consigned to Bruns- 
wick a fortnight ago, but had not been delivered up 
to Tuesday of this week. Packard, '04, has been in 
Boston endeavoring to trace them. The delay is 
exasperating, and will doubtless cost the express 
company full damages. 

The following books have been recently added 
to the library: "Democracy and the Organization of 
Political Parties," by Ostrogoski ; "The Blue Flow- 
er," by Henry Van Dyke; "Guide to the Wild Flow- 
ers," by Alice Lounsberry ; "Babel and Bible," by 
Frederick Delitzsch ; "Tennyson," by Alfred Lyall 
(Englishmen of Letter Series.) 


A meeting of the Athletic Council was held in 
the office of Dr. Whittier, Saturday evening, Decem- 
ber 13. The award of "B's" as recommended by 
Manager Nutter and Captain Munro and printed in 
a recent Orient was approved. The resolutions 
adopted by representatives of the Maine colleges at 
Waterville were again discussed, and the two left 
on the table at the previous meeting were passed. 
These provide that nobody shall be eligible for the 
foot-ball team who is not registered before October 
15, and nobody for the track or base-ball team who 
is not registered before February first. 

The following resolution was also passed: 
"The Council recommends that Section 2 of Arti- 
cle 9 of the Athletic Constitution be changed so as 
to allow a manager to wear the 'B' of his depart- 
ment on the cap or hat only. The Council requests 
that a manager shall not wear the 'B' on jersey or 
sweaters unless the present ruling of the section is 
sustained by a student body mass-meeting." 

Y. M. C. A. 

On Sunday afternoon Professor Robinson gave 
one of his practical talks which make him a favorite 
in the Association meetings. In an analysis of 
Paul's testimony to the Romans he showed logically 
the inherent tendency of all to sin, and that immu- 
nity could only be found by receiving the spirit of 
Christ. During the service there was a solo by Miss 
Montfort of Lisbon Falls. 

Thursday evening the meeting was in charge of 
Burpee, '04, and a missionary subject was consid- 
ered. These mid-week services are always helpful 
and deserve more enthusiastic support from the 
student body. 

'35. — Hon. Josiah .Crosby of .Dexter, one of the 
oldest and best known members of the Maine bar, 
celebrated his eighty-sixth birthday, November 24. 
For the last fifty-seven years, he has successfully 
practiced law at Dexter. He graduated from college 
at the age of nineteen and all his life he has been a 
remarkably active man both physically and mentally. 
Only four live who graduated from Bowdoin at an 
earlier date than Mr. Crosby. 


'36 and M. '42. — The Brunswick Record has an 
interesting sketch of Dr. Nathaniel T. Palmer, of 
Brunswick, who has been actively engaged in prac- 
tice for over 60 years. He graduated from the 
Medical School of Maine in 1842, and since 1844 he 
has lived in Brunswick. He has been active in 
affairs outside of his profession, and for 31 years has 
been president of the First National Bank of Bruns- 
wick. Dr. Palmer's term of practice is not exceeded 
by that of any physician in Maine except ex-Gov- 
ernor Alonzo Garcelon of Lewiston, who was grad- 
uated from Bowdoin in 1836. 

'69. — Hon. Clarence Hale, of Portland, has 
recently returned from France where he has been 
journeying. Judge Hale returned by the way of 
London and Liverpool, in which cities he remained 
a few days, taking in some of the points of interest 
that had not been visited by him on previous occa- 
sions. His health was never better than it is at 
present and he appears quite ready to take up the 
accumulation of business that has been piling up for 
him during his absence. 

'88. — There is a story by A. W. Tolman in a 
recent issue of the Youth's Companion. 

'94. — Arthur Chapman of Portland was elected 
alderman from Ward 8, in the recent municipal 
elections in that city. 

'95. — The wedding of Hiland L. Fairbanks, Esq., 
and Miss Mary E. Seavey, occurred in the Ham- 
mond Street Congregational Church, Bangor, 
Wednesday evening, December 17. The church was 
decorated in a most elaborate fashion with palms, 
evergreens and tropical plants. Mr. Fairbanks 
graduated from Harvard Law School in '98 and is 
now engaged in practicing his profession in Bangor. 
While in college he was captain of the 'varsity base- 
ball and foot-ball teams and a player of national 
reputation. Both he and Mrs. Fairbanks have hosts 
of friends and are leaders in social circles. The 
ushers at the wedding were : Chase Eastman, '96, 
Portland; R. Hinckley, '94, Boston, and Ralph P. 
Plaisted, Esq., '94, Bangor. 

'95. — A. L. Dennison, '95, has been appointed 
principal of the ninth grade of Bath Grammar 
School, to succeed C. H. Potter, 1900, who has 
recently been elected cashier of the First National 
Bank of Bath. 

'99. — Roy L. Marston of North Anson, Me., has 
been appointed a field assistant in connection with 
the bureau of forestry in the agricultural depart- 
ment at Washington. 

M. 1900. — The wedding of Miss Julia Frances 
Bowker, of Brunswick, to Eugene Miller McCarty, 
M.D., of Rumford Falls, was solemnized, Wednes- 
day forenoon, December 10, 1902, at the home of the 
bride's parents at Hillside. Dr. and Mrs. McCarty 
will live at Rumford Falls, where Dr. McCarty is 
engaged in the practice of his profession. 

1900. — E. L. Jordan is principal of Cape Elizabeth 
High School. 

'01. — On Wednesday, November 26, Miss Annie 
Laura McFarland and Harry Eaton Walker were 
married at Ellsworth. They will reside at Fort 
Fairfield, Me. 



Vol. XXXII. BRUNSWICK, MAINE, JANUARY 15, 1903. No. 21. 


Born Octobei <8, 1639. 

Died December 7, 1902. 




"There is somewhere a saying of Emer- 
son, I think it is in the volume upon Repre- 
sentative Men, that for the companions of our 
childhood to turn out great men does not sur- 
prise us. It is easy and natural to believe in 
greatness whenever and wherever it appears. 
To few men of our history or of our times 
does the deep meaning of the saying of the 
great New England author have a clearer or 
truer application than to. . . . [Mr. Reed] .... 
A boyhood that won the hearts of all who 
knew it by its simple fidelity and fervor, by 
the loftiness of its aims, by a sort of slumber- 
ing immensity of its native resources, . . .^ , . 
opened into the beauty of his private life and 
character, into the strength and stateliness of 
his public career, by a process as steady and 
continuous as that by which the oak shapes 
itself in its growth. Whatever may have been 
the accidents of external fortune, in his mental 
history there have been no sharp contrasts, no 
sudden vicissitudes. No boyhood ever more 
glowed with the dream of greatness in action, 
of high conduct and service and usefulness 
in the world of men. None ever more 
patiently bided its time, accumulating from 
all intellectual regions the vast resources 
which the future was to charge with power. 
None ever kept its eye fixed more steadily 
upon the goal or trod the pathway to the goal 
with firmer or surer step. No boyhood as it 
passed by ever left behind it a more shining 
example of truthfulness to itself and to others, 
of uprightness, virtue, honor, of the sway of 
high motives and noble sentiments over its 
whole course. There was no waste of time 
and no hurry. To a stranger he might seem 
indifferent or idle, but there was always the 
aspiring mind and the consciousness of power 
and if the step were sometimes slow it was 
still the step of the giant. He was not 
wealthy, he was poor. But his severe methods 
seemed to bring within his reach all the 
advantages wealth can afford a young man. 
He never indulged . in an extravagance that 
could cripple his independence or mortgage 
the labor of to-morrow to make it good. All 
he wanted of money was to give him opportu- 
nity, opportunity, 'mightier than conquerors 
and prophets ;' and self-denial, self-restraint, 
sef-control and self-reliance, a high-minded 
economy and exactness in expenditure, dili- 
gence and industry that never flagged, were 

the instruments by which he wrung from the 
narrowness of his situation the golden oppor- 
tunities of his youth, which were the prelude 
and the preparation for the work of the 

— Extract from character-sketch written 
during Mr. Reed's life-time by 

J. W. Symonds, '60. 


Mr. Reed was notably free from cant, relig- 
ious, political and social. His speech was 
racy, unconventional, and sometimes brusque, 
but it was always sincere, true to the perma- 
nent convictions and to the temporary mood 
of the man. What he said was so direct, and 
often so epigramati'c with a touch of sarcasm, 
that people sometimes thought him cynical. 
In fact, however, he could be as little charged 
with cynicism as with insincerity. He was 
too large-minded to be cynical, even if he had 
not been saved from it by his genuine sym- 
pathy for humanity. 

I quote, because they illustrate the man and 
because they are good to be quoted, the fol- 
lowing sentences spoken by Mr. Reed at the 
banquet given by the town of Brunswick in 
1889, on the occasion of the celebration of the 
one hundred and fiftieth anniversary of its 
incorporation : 

''What makes Westminster Abbey beloved 
of us all ? It is not the grandeur of the stones 
piled upon each other to the top of the pinnacle 
and the summit of the towers ; it is not the 
beautiful tracery of the windows, nor the rich 
light of the stained glass. It is because it is 
the home of England's noblest dead. Where- 
ever you have the touch of humanity, where- 
ever you connect scenes with the deeds and 
doings of men who have lived and fought and 
suffered as we are doing, the chain is beyond 
the power of breaking to the human being." 

"These celebrations bring up to us the asso- 
ciations which make life pleasant and happy. 
There is to me no more pleasant thought than 
that I belong to the list of those who were grad- 
uated at the noble college on the hill. Tt is not 
so great as many a university. It is not so 
famous as man)' a college ; but for the produc- 
tion of men of sense, of culture, and of learn- 
ing, it has almost no equal, anc i venture to 
say, no superior." 



These words, like all that came from him, 
expressed genuine sentiment, and deliberate 
conviction, — and are worth remembering. 
H. L. Chapman. 


Henry J. Furber of Chicago, a distin- 
guished son of Bowdoin and a college friend 
cf Reed, said to me when the news came that 
the Tsar of all the Parliamentary Cossacks 
had abdicated : "I predict that Reed will not 
live three years." This prediction was based 
on the theory that after a man has got to be 
three score and one years of age, to change all 
the objects of life-long attention, to shunt 
himself on to a siding, as it were, even though 
that siding be the dignified profession of law, 
is to commit a very grave error. That predic- 
tion was based on scientific annals. Mr. Reed's 
best friends declared their profound regret at 
his retirement, and while they agreed that in a 
sense his withdrawal from a distinguished 
career was also in a certain sense, a renuncia- 
tion, they also were substantially unanimous 
that had he possessed a little more waiting 
power, he would have continued and awaited 
the assignment of Fate rather than take Fate 
so strenuously by the jaw. Reed had learned 
self-control in the Speaker's Chair. His nerve 
was a part of his genius, but I fancy that he 
never recovered from the event at St. Louis 
sufficiently to give calm philosophy a survey 
afield. Not that he abdicated the Throne in a 
pet cf ill-humor — not that — but that all along 
he had decided when first things failed essen- 
tially to come his way, he would go out of their 
way. This fact is shown in the conversation 
made by Mr. Reed when it was uncertain 
whether the Reed Rules would win out. He 
said that he had deliberately decided at once 
to resign and go out of politics if he failed. 
This was Reed's weakness. He was so capa- 
ble in the Real Thing that he was incapable of 
tolerating anything that failed to go as his 
mind and heart were set they should go. The 
element of tenacity while you are not a victor, 
requires the factor of never qutting after you 
are whipped. 

Mr. Reed was consummate in the art of 
putting things. He had a fine gift of philo- 
sophic concentration. His vocabulary never 

was in mutiny against his thought. He who 
sees clearly, needs style, but his style is his 
own. Reed saw like Thackeray and Charles 
Reade rather than like the Spectator. His 
imagination was the servant of his philosophy, 
and his philosophy was humanized by his 
humor. Hence he appealed singularly to the 
American people. Our Solomon must ripple 
with a sense of the incongruity of things — 
must catch up the real situation and be serious 
enough but not too serious. Reed should 
have his Boswell and perhaps Chauncey 
Depew and Mark Twain are just serious 
enough to execute the contract. 

What, then, did Thomas Brackett Reed do 
for his country? He contributed, first and 
foremost, to largeness and nobility of view — 
which is statesmanship. If his greatest definite 
service was the incubation of the Reed Rules 
which enable the National House to do busi- 
ness against a mutinous minority — a struggle 
now on in the German Parliament handicapped 
by its own antiquated law — his more funda- 
mental service, was the element of political 
independence and integrity, to which he gave 
not only impetus but vehemence. Parties are 
the logical necessity of government in a repub- 
lic : but parties must be held up to their ideals 
and must not drift from their ideas save to 
evolve them. Mr. Reed's name does not 
stand connected with great measures of Fed- 
eral law ; for he had not that practical gift 
which shines in the committee room as it shone 
in debate and in the Speaker's Chair. Minds 
great and characters splendid, have their lim- 
itations. In the division of statesmanlike labor 
Reed's gigantic personality stood for a closer 
touch of economic and social science with the 
statute. And here he was prophetic. He was 
one of the profoundest students of economic 
and social phenomena that ever sat in Con- 
gress. His function was that of trend and 
atmosphere rather than of section and 
schedule. For this reason, practical touch 
being no more essential than scientific contact, 
Reed's disappearance from American politics 
which was almost as absolute on August 22, 
1899, as ^ was on tne pathetic December day 
of 1902, was a great national disaster. 

He was a leader because his heart as well 
as his mind, his wit as well as his social science 
was with his country. How many men of his 
generation in politics were so studious of liter- 
ature and of politics, of great minds and lives, 
as he? How many men went from Washing- 



ton to New York merely to sit down and talk 
it over with Professor Gunton? 

Mr. Reed was non-conformist out of a 
long line of ancestry that was intellectually and 
physically in the path of discovery and pion- 
eering. He was apt to undervalue what was 
of the most, and to overestimate what was of 
less, value. For example, he seems never to 
have had any doubt touching the logic of anti- 
expansion; but ^ he was haunted with grave 
doubts of his sense of humor. He always 
wanted to quarantine his jokes; but he could 
not be hid. They overran the country as the 
sun, and their publicity kept pace with elec- 
tricity. He often deprecated that he could not 
better maintain his dignity as a public man — 
his heresy being that his Humor did not stack 
rank like his Poise. In that he was probably 
mistaken. His Dignity was the least fetching 
of his qualities. His spontaneity belted the 
Globe, while his Dignity was putting on 

He was fortunate in having good ancestry 
of the real old stock, father and mother, alike. 
He was marked for greatness from the primer 
and the common school and from the college 
and the legislative halls of his State. He 
forged ahead — nobody pushed him. He won 
a following — nobody coaxed them. He recre- 
ated party ideals — nobody gainsaid him. He 
never had a bit of what is called Good Luck. 
He won out because 'twas in him ; he made 
Independence of larger social and political util- 
ity for being himself and not another. The 
greatest sorrow of his death is this — thai, 
human wisdom and care, science and fore- 
thought, have not yet so attained their con- 
summation that leaders who should pass on to 
the patriarchs not until they are of patriarchal 
age, go out hence, as it would seem, prema- 
turely. The Fittest to live will be the last to 
die when the doctrine of the survival of the 
Fittest has its full fruition. 

F. L. Dingley, '61. 


Mr. Reed was a magnificent example of 
blended contradictions, which small men 
might easily mistake for faults. I have often 
heard Mr. Reed called selfish. He insisted on 
being paid, and paid well for whatever he said 
or wrote. He was reluctant to attend alumni 
dinners ; and an infrequent visitor to the col- 

lege commencements Who- 
ever says that Mr. Reed was selfish, is bound 
to say in the same breath that he was also the 
most generous of men. For more than thirty 
years he was a faithful and devoted public 
servant, giving his time and strength to the 
public service for a mere fraction of the com- 
pensation he could have earned in private 
practice of his profession. In all that time, 
though a comparatively poor man, he never 
was so much as tempted to use his public posi- 
tion for his private gain; and retired from 
public life as poor and as honest as he entered 
it. He gave the" greatest of gifts, himself, to 
the greatest of objects, his country. That 
was why he had to be thrifty in the use of the 
little time and strength the public service left 
to him. 

All men are finite ; and they must show 
their limitations in one or the other of two 
ways. Little men are obliging on every little 
occasion, and are ready to do anything for 
anybody who asks them. As a consequence 
they never accomplish anything great. We do 
not blame them. Why, then, should we blame 
the great man, and call him selfish, if he shows 
his human limitation by declining a thousand 
little calls to which we are in the habit of 
responding, in order to make his whole life 
and work one magnificent contribution to his 
country, and a glory to us all ! Such seeming 
selfishness is but the negative side of a gener- 
osity which Is so great as to transcend our 
ordinary standards of measurement. 

— Wm. DeW. Hyde. 


I recall Thomas B. Reed as he was in his 
school-boy days. We were school-mates, 
though not classmates, in the High School- in 
Portland, Me., then under the care of Master 
Moses Lyford, who became subsequently a 
Professor in Colby College. Our acquaint- 
ance was limited to the associations of the 
school, as we resided in different parts of the 

I remember him as a great, genial, good- 
natured boy, giving promise of the large physi- 
cal frame which was subsequently his, but not 
of the mental power, and culture, and wide 
influence of later years. We were never hap- 
pier than when he engaged in our sports, and 



undertook to compete with those who were 
more agile and swift of foot. His heavy, 
awkward movements were often the occasion 
of much amusemnt. 

He was universally liked, and was free 
from all envy and uncharitableness and 
malice. I do not recall any evidence of thq 
existence at that time of the power of sarcasm 
which became in him such a characteristic and 
effective weapon in political debate. It is dif- 
ficult to believe that behind his keenest thrusts 
on the platform or in the halls of Congress 
there was ever any personal enmity or intention 
to wound the feelings of others. It was his 
native wit, which came to the surface late, 
finding spontaneous expression, in reference to 
friend and enemy alike, but always under the 
control of his genial nature. 

He was a faithful, but not a brilliant stu- 
dent ; indeed I do not think he began to wake 
up mentally until the middle of his college 
course. He gave the impression of being intel- 
lectually, as well as physically, lazy. Perhaps 
if I had been in his classes I should have 
received a different impression. He was 
behind me one year in entering college. It- 
was understood at that time that he was look- 
ing forward to the Christian ministry, a 
wealthy friend or friends in Portland assist- 
ing him to secure an education with that end 
in view. So far as I knew his first two years 
in college passed by without any unusual indi- 
cation of promise. It was, I think, in his 
Junior year that he participated in a public 
debate in the south wing of the chapel, and 
acquitted himself in a manner that surprised 
us all. I have forgotten the other speakers, 
but I remember Reed, his perfect command 
of himself and the situation, his judicious use 
of his material, and his occasional flashes of 
wit and sarcasm which called forth great 
applause from his fellow-students, and made 
him henceforth a marked man. It was a rev- 
elation. Reed had not only revealed himself, 
but he had found himself, and I may add, had 
found his vocation. The profession of law 
and the field of politics were opened before 
him as the arena in which he was to secure his 
rapid development and his remarkable suc- 
cesses. That his profession was wisely 
chosen, and that he had peculiar fitness for it, 
indeed, that he was brought to his throne of 
power at the right time and for a definite pur- 
pose, few men have doubted. Some of us 
would have been glad to see him exalted by his 

party to the Presidential chair; but he wielded 
an influence during his public life which few 
Presidents have exerted, and his name lias been 
written high among great party-leaders, and 
among the most distinguished graduates of 
Bowdoin College. 

After college days we saw little of each 
other, only on occasional meetings ; but I 
watched his upward career with interest and 
with pride. The only time that I have been 
permitted to hear him speak was on the occa- 
sion of the memorable debate on the tariff 
question in the House of Representatives in 
Washington. The debate was closed by the 
two party leaders, Reed and Carlisle. Carlisle 
was the speaker of the House. The hall was 
crowded and the interest was intense. The 
contrast between the two men, their manner of 
speaking and their treatment of the subject, 
was most marked. Carlisle was earnest and 
forceful, and depended upon the plain state- 
ment of his views and what he believed to be 
the logic of his position, unrelieved by any 
illustration or brightness or rhetorical fancy. 
Reed was cool, self-possessed, as much master 
of himself and his material and the situation, 
as he was in the old college chapel, but wreath- 
ing the sharp blade of his argument with 
graceful figures and occasionally plunging it 
deep into his opponent b*y some suggestive or 
sarcastic illustration which had the effect of a ' 
hundred arguments, and all the while indulg- 
ing in those peculiar tones of voice, for which 
he was well known, which implied a certain 
indifference as to the result of the debate and 
at the same time the assurance of an easy vic- 
tory. It was a speech never to be forgotten. 
At its close the applause was well-nigh deaf- 
ening, and he received the warm congratula- 
tions of his opponents as well as of his enthu- 
siastic friends. 

Henry M. King, 1859. 


On the principle that a prophet is least 
regarded in his own country, it seems to me 
that the classmates of a great man are less able 
during college life to perceive in him the 
germs of genius, than are the under 
classmen. I have seen many notices of that 
great man, Thomas B. Reed, to the effect that 
he was a good but not a brilliant scholar while 



in college, that he did not distinguish himself 
at Bowdoin, and so on. I think these judg- 
ments must have emanated from his class- 
mates. They certainly do not express the 
opinion of members of the classes of 1861, '62 
and '63. 

Reed was a Sophomore when I was a 
Freshman. Hs was known in college as 
"Biddy Reed," a nickname I have never seen 
mentioned in any notice of him. He was 
alzvays a notable member of his great class. 
In appearance a big, flabby, over-grown boy ; 
distinguished, perhaps, for unpopularity 
except among those who knew him most inti- 
mately, because of the exasperating sharpness 
of his tongue; but always inspiring respect by 
his ability and his capacity for leadership. I 
myself happened to be a favorite target for his 
witticisms, for I was the youngest and most 
immature Freshman in college and was so 
sensitive that I was his easiest mark. I men- 
tioned the fact to him at Commencement last 
summer. He had forgotten all about it, for 
we have been life-long friends, and denied 
that he had practised the art of sarcasm upon 
me. When I assured him that it was true he 
replied, "Well, Edward, if I was guilty of that, 
I am sure my remarks were blessed to your 
intellectual and spiritual welfare." 

He was one of five members of his class 
' who called themselves, or were called, the 
"Pentagon." They were the class wits. 
They were Hewitt Craig, Crowell, nicknamed 
"Crody," Downes, "Dud" Haley, and Reed. 
All are now dead. They all lived, one year, I 
think, in South Winthrop, then universally 
known as "Gomorrah," North Winthrop being 
"Sodom." They were great friends, and their 
bright sayings were passed from mouth to 
mouth through college. ■ Haley was the only 
fraternity man among them — Chi Psi — 
although Downes became a member of the 
same society, in his Junior year, I should say, 
and Reed joined it in 1861, a year after he 
graduated. He told me about that last sum- 
mer. He was pledged to the Alpha Delta Phi 
conditionally. He would join that society if 
he joined any while in college. He became a 
Chi Psi out of love for my classmate, Sam 
Fessenden. Fie said he would have jumped 
into the Androscoggin if Sam had asked him 
to do so. 

He grew in college. ' He was an excellent 
linguist and equally good at mathematics ; but 
it was in the Junior and Senior years when, 

according to the old curriculum, we began to 
have English studies, that his brilliancy 
became evident. He had previously revived in 
the old Peucinian Society the debates, which 
had fallen into disuse, and used to draw an 
audience that filled all the seats in the "Senior 
recitation-room" on the ground floor of North 
Maine. I have many times heard members of 
his class speak of going into the recitation to 
"Prex." Woods in Butler's Analogy with anti- 
cipations of pleasure because Tom Reed was 
going to be called up, for in those early days, 
and under our most revered president, it was 
almost safe to calculate the days when we 
should be called upon to recite, and approxi- 
mately in what part of the lesson. Notwith- 
standing this old-fashioned system, many of 
the students, and Reed among them, were 
always prepared, and Reed always made what, 
in the slang of that time — I don't know what 
it is called now — was called a "good sail." 
Edward Stan wood, '6i. 


I knew Mr. Reed well, since I sat at the 
same table with him at the Voronian Club, a 
small co-operative dining association of which 
there were many at the time at college. It 
took its meals at the residence of Mrs.Whitte- 
more on the easterly side of a street running 
southerly from Maine Street near Mill 
Street, and opposite, or nearly so, to the home 
of one Furbish, afterwards a member of the' 
Legislature. It consisted of thirteen mem- 
bers, if I recollect aright. Frost, Oliver, 
Craig, Robinson and Clifford of our class were 
members; so was Thorpe of 1861. There 
were others of the lower classes, but I do not 
now recall their names. I was a member 
during the whole of the Senior year and prob- 
ably part of the Junior. I found him there 
and do not know how long he had been a 

I remember nothing of his table talk except 
that it was sometimes on politics, and that 
once, when there was some fault found with 
the character of his jokes, he appealed to me 
as referee to decide whether he did not make 
as many decent jokes as any one of the club. 
At this period the interest in the new Republi- 
can party was strong, and Reed was an 
uncompromising Republican. At this time, 



many compromises were being suggested as a 
means of averting the threatened civil war, 
but to all these Reed was strongly opposed. 
The admission of slave states to the Union 
was one of the measures he opposed most 
strongly, and he was fond of saying that no 
man who favored such a measure could be a 
true Republican. 

In personal appearance, Mr. Reed was far 
from impressive. He was slim, and had a 
peculiarly expressionless face, although his 
bright eyes made up in part for the lack of 
mobility in his features. 

If his commencement essay on "The Fear 
of Death" is in the College Library, I suggest 
that it be taken out and published in the 
Orient. Hawes of our class, afterwards a 
judge in New York, told me he thought Reed 
in writing it was influenced by Bacon's essay 
on "Death." It was also suspected that he 
received influence from the family of James 
E. Fernald of Westbrook, with whom he 
boarded when teaching school, who often 
talked with him about Swedenborg and his 
doctrines and especially about death. 

Bent. K. Lovatt, '60. 

~ The first distinguished thing that I noticed 
about Mr. Reed in college was his earliest 
declamation. It was an extract from Henry 
Ward Beecher. I remember one clause in it as 
follows : "The very flowers of heaven have 
been stolen to prepare a highway to hell." He 
was powerful in the delivery of this and held 
the attention of the class as no one else did or 
could. And in the Senior year, there was no 
one in our division who could equal him in 
reciting Butler's Analogy. I am very certain 
that he was not once corrected by Dr. Woods, 
the President, during the whole period that we 
were upon that book. He never once stopped 
reciting, until the President stopped him, and 
called the next man. Mr. Rowe was the next 
in brilliancy. Mr. Reed at a recent class din- 
ner insisted that Rowe was his superior, but 
his classmates did not agree with him. Mr. 
Reed did not seem to recite the text, but he 
held the argument in his own language so 
thoroughly and perfectly that no fault could 
be found with him. We knew before he left- 
Brunswick that he was a giant to be heard 
from later. 

I will give you extracts from one or two of 
his letters because they relate either to Bowdoin 
or to Washington. 

I invited him in 1887 to attend the dinner of 
the Bowdoin Alumni in Boston, and received 
the following in answer: 

"My dear Augustine: Your compliments 
and suggestions are seductive in the extreme. 
I should much like to be at the dinner, but 
Boston is afar and the 2d of February would 
be sure to find me so busy that it would be 
difficult to get away. 

I am sorry, for if Prof. Egbert [Smyth] 
should be there, there would be a fine oppor- 
tunity to repay to him two bad quarters of an 
hour he once gave me, because I staggered a 
little at a point or two in Westminster's 
shorter. Then I didn't quite dare to declare 
the whole counsel of the [gods] but I might 

I read the foregoing at the dinner and 
called upon Dr. Smythe, who said: "I am glad 
they know the whole counsel of the gods in 
Washington, that is farther than we got on 
Andover Hill." 

The question of Reed's rules having been 
finally set at rest by their adoption, February 
14, 1890, I felt strongly impelled to write to 
him, and did so, three days later, requesting 
him not to answer. The following in answer 
was received unexpectedly because he was 
nearly rushed with business: 

"My Dear Augustine: Your letter gave me 
no little satisfaction. There is nothing better 
in the world than the approval of early friends. 
The new people never seem to take hold of 
your life like the old boys, who never get by 
twenty and are young and sympathetic to each 
other forever." 

I wrote to him in 1898, after President 
McKinley had made a speech in which he said 
it was manifest destiny that brought on the 
Spanish War, that I was glad that Divine 
Providence was responsible for the war, that 1 
had supposed hitherto that it -was the Repub- 
lican administration, and we were all in fault ; 
that I was greatly relieved that the broad 
shoulders of Divinity had the load. He said, 
"No. it is the devil." 

I know Mr. Reed's character is destined to 
great good, if biography is honestly given. I 
am glad to help to exalt him, and would wish 
to have his record kept before the public. 

Augustine Jones, '60. 




Although the statement has frequently been 
made of late years that Hon. Thomas B. Reed 
was a member of one of the secret fraternities 
while a student at Bowdoin, such an assump- 
tion is quite at variance with the facts. Dur- 
ing Mr. Reed's college days there was a strong 
sentiment against secret societies of all kinds, 
and the future statesman was one of those 
who, out of principle, opposed them. Although 
persistently "fished," he as persistently held 
aloof from each and all of the fraternities. 
He would not even join Delta Upsilon, in those 
days a non-secret society. I have this informa- 
tion on the authority of my father (Edwin 
Emery, '61), whose college album bears the 
following from the pen of Mr. Reed, 
written in June, i860: 

"Dear Emery : If you knew the anxiety with 
which I watched your escape from the nets .of 
the wariest 'fishermen' of college, and my 
pleasure when I found you were not one of 
those who, 

'Just for a handful of silver had left us, 
Just for a riband to stick in their coats'* 

You would feel assured that I have an interest 
in your future, and that I think it an honor to 
subscribe myself, 

Your friend, 

Thomas B. Reed." 

In 1 888, while a member of the editorial 
staff of the Orient, I conceived the idea of 
securing from Mr. Reed, as a "feature" for the 
Orient, an article setting forth his views on 
college fraternities. I accordingly addressed 
him to that end, noting in my letter the para- 
graph printed above. While I regret to say I 
did not obtain the much desired contribution 
to the Orient, I was the recipient of the fol- 
lowing pleasant letter: 

"My Dear Sir : I have your favor of the 
7th, but do not think I have any views on col- 
lege societies which I can persuade myself are 
valuable enough to take the space of the 
Orient. I am glad to get the quotations from 

*These lines from Browning's "Lost Leader" 
were a favorite quotation with Mr. Reed. He used 
them in his farewell letter to the people of his dis- 
trict in retiring from Congress in 1899. 

your father's album, for they remind me of a 
brilliant fight that we lost. 

Yours truly, 

T. B. Reed." 

William M. Emery, '89. 


It was pleasant to laugh with Speaker 
Reed, but it was torture to be laughed at by 
him. He had a way of placarding an oppo- 
nent with a single sentence. After fully and 
politely answering a question with which a 
western member had rudely interrupted him, 
he said, on resuming his remarks, "Having 
embalmed that fly in the liquid amber of my 
remarks, I will proceed." It brought down 
the House, and left the Congressman to be 
known ever after as "the fly." His placid 
countenance, his great bulk, and peculiar 
drawl enforced his utterances. On the day he 
counted a quorum, a Texas member rushed 
half way up the steps to the Speaker's desk, 
violently swinging his arms and excitedly 
calling Mr. Reed a profane and vile name. 
Without the movement of a muscle, the 
Speaker asked, quietly and calmly, "Does the 
gentleman insist that he is not present?" Of 
course, the most memorable of his retorts was 
the quick shot of Mr. Springer of Illinois, who 
said he would "rather be right than President." 
"You will never be either," observed Reed. 

His sarcastic phrases possessed remarka- 
ble vitality. The reply in 1892 to the Iowa 
letter-writer who advised him to board 
the Harrison band-wagon, sticks in every- 
body's memory, — "I never ride in an ice cart." 
His statement, made soon after the Paris 
treaty, that the" Filipinos had cost two dollars a 
head, quickly became a favorite argument with 
Democratic orators all over the country. No 
dinner party in Washington was complete 
without him. He did not scintillate like 
Speaker Henderson. Of the two, Henderson 
was the more entertaining, for he keeps up a 
running fire of brilliant comments from the 
moment the champagne is uncorked, but Reed 
said things which guests carried away. On 
one occasion Madame Eames, the Maine 
prima-donna, challenged him to ,a glass of 
wine. The host, hearing the Speaker excuse 
himself, rallied him in a tone that inferred a 



sometime excessive indulgence. "I hope," 
said Reed, addressing Madame Eames, "you 
will not think I have ever needed two side- 
walks on my way home." A little later the 
host brought out a bottle of brandy which, he 
said, was one hundred years old. "The last 
time you produced it," said Henderson, "it 
was only eighty years old." "But that doesn't 
change the age of the brandy," retorted Reed. 

Senator Hoar says the people liked to hear 
him on public questions better than McKinley. 
Perhaps that is true, but he was never in such 
sympathetic relations with them. They 
admired him as a great parliamentary leader, 
strong, courageous, inflexible, but he lacked 
the popular qualities of McKinley ; and while 
Reed easily defeated the Ohio statesman for 
Speaker, McKinley easily beat the man from 
Maine for President. No doubt Reed was an 
infinitely better speaker than McKinley would 
have made, just as McKinley was a better 
President than Reed would have been. 
McKinley was always smooth, gentle, 
cordial, sympathetic, careful to wound 
the feelings of no one, and a most patient list- 
ener, — Reed was caustic, high-tempered, of 
strong, almost violent dislikes, often impatient, 
and, at times, imperious in his demeanor. His 
last call upon President Harrison was to urge 
the appointment of a collector of customs at 
Portland. Among other things, Reed recalled 
his aid in the settlement of the silver question. 
"Yes," replied the President, "you were most 
influential, but you were working for the 
country — not for me." "I did it for my 
country and you owe me nothing," responded 
the Speaker; "but there have been Presidents 
in the past and I pray God there may be Pres- 
idents in the future, who recognized and will 
recognize the patriotic and influential services 
of an American citizen. Good morning, Mr. 
President." Neither men nor measures were 
immune from his shafts. In point of intellect, 
he was the greatest man of his generation. 

His crowning glory was his rugged hon- 
esty. Jobs might go on, but he was not in 
them. Nothing meant death to a measure 
quicker than to have it fall under his suspicion. 
He hated duplicity and lying with all the 
intensity of his nature. He could forgive 
every kind of political wrong-doing except 
broken promises. While in Europe before the 
formation of his New York law partnership, 
he acted as arbitrator between two of the 
smaller countries, for which he received a 

handsome fee. This was carefully turned 
into the firm after it was formed. It was 
enough that he had determined, in his own 
mind, to enter the partnership. 

It is doubtful if another man has served in 
Congress since the war who had the nerve to 
brave the tempest of protests and endure the 
whirlwind of abuse which the counting of a 
quorum was sure to bring. Colfax refused to 
listen to the suggestion ; Blaine thought it rev- 
olutionary ; Randall saw the need of it, but 
declined to carry it out ; Carlisle didn't believe 
in it ; McKinley pronounced it outrageous ; 
and Crisp fought it with an ability that made 
him Speaker in the Fifty-Second and Fifty- 
Third Congresses ; yet Reed lived to hear the 
United States Supreme Court unanimously 
support him, and to see the men approve it, 
who bitterly assailed him. Finally, in the 
Fifty-Third Congress, by a plan of filibuster- 
ing to which Reed was not a stranger, he 
forced Crisp to use it, thus forever ending the 

D. S. Alexander, 1870. 


Mr. Reed was a very great man, and the 
loss both to the State and the Nation in his 
death cannot well be made good. He was 
great in the range of his mind and in its fitness 
for important public work ; besides this he had 
the moral qualities of courage and steadfastness 
and fidelity and never shirked the responsibil- 
ity of following his convictions to the end, 
being willing to take, as well as give, blows to 
carry out those convictions. His sudden death 
was not only a great shock to the public, excit- 
ing world-wide interest, but has left a sadness 
in the hearts of his friends which it will take a 
long time to remove. 

Eugene Hale (H., '69). 


My impressions of the personality and 
character of my once fellow-student at Bow- 
doin, Thomas Brackett Reed, were strangely 
intensified during the last year or two of his 
life. As my class in college was two years in 
advance of his, I have no other recollection of 
him as a student, than as a sturdy youth get- 
ting his education in the business-like way 
characteristic of the Maine men of that time; 
and for a long interval of years our careers 



were doubtless quite unknown to each other. 
It was on coming to reside in Washington in 
the year 1889 that I found Mr. Reed one of 
that brilliant corps of Maine and Bowdoin 
men which placed our State easily in the lead- 
ership of the National government in its legis- 
lative and judiciary departments. Then I 
began to see that which Mr. Reed's Centennial 
Oration delivered at Bowdoin last year has so 
powerfully described, the conflict of powers in 
the mass and the individual exemplified in a 
marked manner in his own strongly individual 
career. From one point of view he was the 
voice of the mass, the spokesman and leader of 
his party, a tactful politician who knew how tc 
build out the platform even beyond its stable 
foundations to accommodate the doubtful 
hangers-on. To quote him in his oration : 

"Party platforms cannot strike the high 
level of the most sensible men but must reach 
down to the lowest level of the necessary 

On the other hand there was a certain man 
within who saw through the tricks and shams 
of politics, who in his official function was for 
plain business and duty and who knew that he 
could not trust his weight on the slender planks 
of too generously extended party policies. In 
the sturdy manner of his student days he kept 
to his post, feeling well the pull of the mass 
and yet not relinquishing his own pull in 
return. At length came the day when he threw 
off the trammels of party discipline and 
stepped forth into the free atmosphere of his 
own large manhood and high moral interest. 
What seemed a great loss to ourpolitical life in 
his retirement from the speakership was to be 
restored in the broad and elevated views on 
moral and social topics which had come to the 
front in his mind, as revealed in the Centennial 
Oration, and which were sure, had he lived, to 
have shed a strongly beneficent influence 
through his contributions to literature. I 
believe the frequent allusions in the press, 
since Mr. Reed's death, to his cynicism and his 
political disappointment do him entire injustice 
and reveal a failure to read the man-individual 
beneath the man-corporate with which he was 
struggling. It was in the last years of his life 
thathe had reached his real emancipation and 
was ready to assume a new leadership more 
powerful than that of the Speaker's chair. It 
was my privilege during the last summer 
before his death to have been in his company 
on a number of delightful occasions, one of 

which will enter into the annals of our State 
history, that of his beautiful address at the 
celebration by the Town of York, in August, 
1902, of the two hundred and fiftieth anniver- 
sary of its incorporation, an occasion memora- 
ble to those who participated in it, and enriched 
especially by the brilliant play of wit between 
Mr. Reed and his princely rival in humor, 
Mark Twain. Mr. Reed's mention of the 
resemblance of the Speaker's desk, near where 
he stood, to a pulpit, formed the theme of 
much amusing comment in Mark Twain's later 
speech, but a sober note of moral reflection 
sounded all through Mr. Reed's words and 
showed the deepening spiritual tendency of all 
his interest and work. At a dinner given on 
the same occasion by Dr. Thomas Nelson 
Page, one of York's summer colonists, Mr. 
Reed and Mr. Clemens sat side by side and 
there was no flavor of cynicism or sourness in 
the merry banter with which they entertained 
the company at table or in the conversation 
that followed during the evening, in which the 
more serious problems of our national life 
were discussed by a brilliant company, in the 
utmost frankness, but on a very high plane