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Full text of "Bowman genealogy; fragmentary annals of a branch of the Bowman family; to which is appended data relating to other Bowmans and the Spencers"

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R 1915 L 

Copyright. 1912 





Pa.^e 3, fifth line from bottom, after "and" insert "to." 

9, eiglith line from bottom, for " Margaret L." read " Susan.'' 
16, third line from bottom, for "1907" read "1906." 
54, eighth line from top, let quotation end with period. 
86, ninth line from bottom, for "1908" read "1808." 
101, eighth line from bottom, for "Las Cruas" read Las "Cruces. 
iv. Index, top line, omit "Bowman." 


betterment of their fellow men. Mostly they were pioneers, 
hewing the forests, opening the roadways, plowing the fields, 
fulfilling their parts as citizens in rearing and maintaining 
the political fabric. 




The purpose of the compiler of these annals has been 
simply to preserve them for posterity. However humble 
their careers, the history of one's ancestry must always 
prove of interest, though experience proves that few per- 
sons are willing to devote the time necessary to collate such 

It is not intended to present here more than such de- 
tached information as was available relating to a single 
branch of the Bowman family, namely, the descendants of 
Edward Bowman, of Amherst county, Virginia. Incident- 
ally there will be found some data concerning the Spencers, 
Morgans and others connected by marriage. In general, 
there seems little doubt that the Bowmans of Virginia and 
other states to the south and west are of common stock. It 
is a family tradition that the earliest ancestor was a ship 
carpenter who came with the first colonists to Jamestown 
from London, but this has neither been authenticated or 

Though their names have not been written large on the 
pages of the cyclopedias, the Bowmans have had a part in 
the larger movements, contributing to civilization and the 
betterment of their fellow men. Mostly they were pioneers, 
hewing the forests, opening the roadways, plowing the fields, 
fulfilling their parts as citizens in rearing and maintaining 
the political fabric. 



Bowman is an ancient English name, probably originating 
with the practice of archery, or its employment in war. In 
later English history and down to the time of Henry VIII 
the cross-bow was an arm of the service." 

Two pronunciations are sanctioned by the Century Dic- 
tionary, that with the long, or first sound of o, and that of 
ou. The former is the one generally used. There are two 
German names, Bauman and Baughmann, from which many 
of the Bowmans, particularly those of Pennsylvania, derived 
their names, and it seems probable that this accounts for the 
second pronunciation. 

As before stated, this collection is mainly confined to the 
history of a single original family, and its successors, the 
earliest one concerning which authentic information has 
been found. To have traced the ancestry of this family to 
the first colonist, and even to the mother country, would 
have been most satisfactory, likewise to have included all 
the descendants of the first comer, but the undertaking 
proved too great. There will be found a gap between 1715 
and Jamestown which remains to be bridged by some future 
historian. Somewhere in the old family or official records 
of Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, the necessary 
links in the chain may yet be found. 

The census of Virginia for 1790 was destroyed at the in- 
vasion of Washington by the British in 1812. A substitute 
census has lately been made up by the census bureau from 
assessment rolls and other local records of the state, from 
which we find that in 1782 there were thirteen heads of 
families by the name of Bowman in five counties; in 1790 
there were twenty-eight heads of families in six counties. 

There is also an ancient, honorable and quite extensive 

'See "The Bowmen's Song," in The White Company, Doyle. 


family of Spencers, whose history it would be interesting to 
trace. The branch associated with the Bowmans by mar- 
riage appears to have originated in Virginia. Several are 
known to have been soldiers in the Revolution and a num- 
ber were ministers of the Gospel. Shepherd Bowman mar- 
ried Elizabeth Spencer in North Carolina, and his son 
Joshua married Elizabeth M. Spencer, of Lincoln county, 
North Carolina, of the same family. The name Benjamin 
Spencer is of so frequent occurrence among the pensioners 
of the Revolutionary War as to create confusion in the pur- 
suit of information of the family history. 

There were Bowmans in New England, descendants of 
Nathaniel, "who came to America before 1630 and settled 
at Watertown." 

A list of Bowmans from Virginia, Massachusetts, New 
Jersey and New York, who served as officers in the Con- 
tinental Army, will be inserted at the end of this collection. 

As will appear to the critical reader, there are many un- 
fortunate gaps in the stories which follow. Inquiries have 
been addressed to many persons, supposed to be in posses- 
sion of data, but with meagre results. Fragmentary though 
it be, this compilation is committed to print in order to pre- 
serve it and in the hope that it may stimulate those con- 
cerned to co-operate in any further attempts to render it 




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AT 70 



In explanation of the tables which follow, it is intended 
to show in each case the name of parent, on left side, with 
the names of children, and abbreviated data concerning each, 
on the right side, or, included w^ithin the brace. For ex- 
ample, in Table 2 wall be found Edward Bowman, outside, 
and his children listed inside the brace. Following this the 
tables will take up and treat each of his sons (of whom any- 
thing is known) in a similar manner, each being allotted a 
separate table; and, in turn the grandsons in chronological 
order, and so on. 



r Edward. 1715-1795. 

Born in Amherst county, Virginia, 
about 1715. Married to Anna Childers. 
Died in Burke county, North Carolina. 
Had four sons, namely, Marshall, Sher- 
wood, Groves and Shepherd. (See bio- 
graphical sketch.) 

Born in Amherst county, Virginia. 
Moved to Burke county, North Carolina, 
probably in 1775. (See biographical 
John. 1752-1841. 

Born in Amherst county, Virginia. 
Supposed to be the John Bowman who en- 
listed in Philadelphia, for the war, March, 
1777, under Captain Clough (or Clifif) Shel- 
ton, Colonel Stevens' Tenth Va. Regiment, 
General Scott's brigade. (See biographical 






Born in Amherst county, Virginia, 
moved with his father to North Carolina. 
Was a farmer and Justice of the Peace 
all his life. Had a large farm in the val- 
ley of the Catawba river, Burke county, 
North Carolina. Married to Polly Con- 
nelly. Died in Burke county. (See bio- 
graphical sketch.) 
Sherwood. 1758. 

Born in Amherst county, Virginia, mov- 
ing to Burke county, North Carolina. Was 
drafted for service in Revolutionary War 
latter part of 1779. Re-entered service in 
1781. Blind for over 11 years. Married to 
Mollie Spencer. 
Marshall. 1760-1840. 

Born October 13, 1760, in Amherst coun- 
ty, Virginia. Volunteered from Burke 
county. North Carolina, as soldier in Revo- 
lutionary War. Died in Benton county, 
Missouri, 1840, or later. (See biographical 
Shepherd. 1774-1849. 

Born October 1 ,1774, in Amherst county, 
Virginia. Married to Elisabeth Spencer, 
1804. Farmer in Burke county, North 
Carolina. Died in Missouri, probably 1848 
or 1849. (See biographical sketch.) 

Other children of Edward were : Judith, '■ 
who married a Mr. Knowles; Prudence, 
(mentioned by Caleb in his autobiography) ; 
Elisabeth, who married a Mr. Vance, and 
moved to South Carolina. Lived with 
her brother Shepherd previous to marriage. 





A tanner by trade, emigrating from 
North Carolina to Georgia, where he con- 
tinued the business. 

Was a farmer, living near the old home- 
stead, across the river on a high ridge 
overlooking his father's farm. Was con- 

Was a farmer in North Carolina; was a 
class leader in Chapel Hill Church, North 
Carolina; emigrated to Missouri and set- 
tled in Scott county in 1833; noted for his 

Farmer in North Carolina, moving to 
Missouri about 1834, married and settled 
in Scott county near his brother William. 
Died of pneumonia while on a visit to his 
wife's relatives, near Jackson. Married a 

"Was a sober young man, working on 
his father's farm," North Carolina. 
George B. (Rev.) 1813-1888. 

Born in North Carolina, and went to 
Missouri with his uncle Shepherd. Taught 
school in Missouri ; was licensed to preach 
and transferred to Iowa Conference. 
Founded Seminary at Mt. Pleasant. Died 
in California. (See biographical sketch, 
with portrait.) 

'Was a good boy, born about 1813 ; went 
away, not known where." 
Caleb L. 1816-1881. 

Remained on the old homestead in North 
Carolina : married his cousin, Margaret 
L. Connelly (Scotch), January 32. 1839; 
married second time to Rebecca S. Bellew, 
January 17, 1858. Died April 27, 1881. 

Other children of Groves were : Vira, 
Anna and Susan. 

^Data following were obtained from Joshua 
.Bowman, father of the writer. 






Census of 1840 for Benton county, Mis- 
souri, contains this name as head of fam- 
il}^ himself and wife between 20 and 30 
years of age ; one male and one female 
child under five years ; name immediately 
follows that of Marshall Bowman, who, 
with his wife, is set down as between 60 
and 70 (?) years of age, and as having one 
son with them between 20 and 30 years of 


This name immediately follows that of 
Lusby Bowman in the census of Benton 
county, Missouri, for 1840. He is reported 
as 20 to 30 years of age; as having a wife 
of same age ; two male children under 5 ; 
one between 5 and 10 ; one female under 5. 

; Lusby and Tobina with others, are doubt- 

' less the children alluded to by Marshall 

Bowman in his application to be transferred 

from the Pension roll of Virginia to that 

of Missouri. 

[1850. This census of Benton county, 
Missouri, does not contain the names of 
Marshall or Lusby or Tobina Bowman, but 
does contain the names following:] 

Lindsay Bowman. 

Aged 41, born in Virginia, with wife of 

31, and seven children; all above 9 years, 
born Virginia, all under, born in Missouri. 
Probably moved to Missouri in 1841. 

Zach Bowman. 

Aged 35, born in Virginia, and wife, aged 

32, born in Missouri, and three children, all 
under 7 years. Probably the son living 

L with Marshall in 1840. 





r Caleb, b. 1807. 

Born July 19, 1807, in Burke county. 
North Carolina, married to Elizabeth Crye 
in Bartholomew county, Indiana, March 
15, 1832. Moved to Wisconsin and last 
heard from at Yuba, Richland county. 
(See autobiography.) 

William J. 1817-1865. 

Born April 1, 1817, in Burke county, 
North Carolina. Married to Martha Con- 
rad. Served in local Union militia War of 
1861. Was elected to Missouri State Sen- 
ate, but died before taking his seat, 1865 or 
1866, in Cape Girardeau county, Missouri. 
(See sketch.) 

Joshua (Rev.) 1813-1892. 

Born in Burke county. North Carolina, 
June 25, 1813. Married to Elizabeth M. 
Spencer in Cape Girardeau county, Mis- 
souri, August 27, 1837. Moved to Iowa 
(Muscatine), 1846. Moved to northwest 
Missouri 1851. Was an ordained minister 
of M. E. Church and in active work for 25 
years. Died at Pueblo, Colorado, Novem- 
ber 30, 1892. (See autobiography with por- 

Celia. (Celia Emaline.) 

Born in Burke county, North Carolina. 
Married to Drury Wills, February 11, 1838, 
and lived in Cape Girardeau county, Mis- 
souri. (See Family Table 8.) 

Other children of Shepherd were: 
Amanda; Edward, eldest son, born in 
Burke county, North Carolina, died at 14 
years of age ; John, born 1832, in Burke 
county. North Carolina, died in Cape Gi- 
rardeau county, Missouri ; Elisabeth, Spicie, 
.Fannie, all reported to have died in 1830. 




f Joseph S. 1839— 

Born February 10, 1839, at Urbana, Il- 
linois. Married to Mary Sayres. 

John G. 1842— 

Born October 26, 1842, in Tazewell 
County, Illinois. Married to Mina Ran- 

Jonathan C. 1846 — 

Born October 17, 1846, in Howard coun- 
ty, Indiana. Married to Eliza Vandyke. 

SpicEV. 1833— 

CALEB BOWMAN, i g^^^^ ^^^.^ ^^^ ^333^ ^^ Columbus, In- 
diana. Married to William Alvord. 

Cynthia. 1836-1843. 

Born February 3, 1836, in Indiana. Died 
May 21, 1843. 

Elizabeth. 1844-1867. 

Born April 27, 1844. Died October 30, 

Catherine. 1849-1850. 

Born June 21, 1849. Died October 30, 
^ 1850. 





'Charles Wesley. 1840— 

Born February 23, 1840, near Jackson, 
Cape Girardeau county, Missouri. Learned 
the printer's trade ; served three and a half 
years in Union army. Married Septem- 
ber 11, 1865, to Henrietta G. Morgan, at 
Sedalia, Mo.; wife died February 3, 1871; 
married to Mrs. Zellie B. O'Neal, at Ve- 
vay, Indiana, September 11, 1882. 

Cyrus Benton. 1842 — 

Born February 7, 1842, Cape Girardeau 
county, Missouri. Learned printer's trade; 
served three years and eight months in 
Union army. Married January 10, 1869. 
to Mary E. Pearcy, at .St. Joseph, Missouri. 
Wife died December 1, 1878. Two sons, 
one daughter. Married July 21, 1889, to 
R. Estella Kenwill, Walsenburg, Colorado. 

George Bry.ant. 1846-1891. 

Born March 25, 1846, Cape Girardeau 
county, Alissouri. Learned printer's trade, 
also the business of a florist; served in 
45th Mo. Inf. Union army latter part of 
Civil War. Married November 8, 1870, to 
Emma Murphy, Oregon, Missouri. Died 
December 17th, 1891, Warrensburg, Mis- 

Nelson Henry. 1851-1903. 

Born December 22, 1851, Platte county, 
Missouri. Married August 28, 1870, to 
Anna Pinkston, at Holt county, Missouri. 
Printer. Moved to Colorado, 1873. Died 
November 28, 1903, at Pueblo, survived by 
wife and sons Lee and Edward. 

Elliott Bond. 1856 — 

Born June 17, 1856, Gentry county, Mis- 
souri, Albany town. Married January 23, 
1875, to Mary E. Johnson, of Andrew 
county, Missouri. House painter and 

^See biographical sketches for each of the five 


(Mrs. Drury Wills) 


Minerva J. 1840-1874. 

Born March 6, 1840, Cape Girardeau 
county, Missouri. Married to John F. 
Smith, February 12, 1863. Died Novem- 
ber, 1874. 

Albert M. 1842— 

Born June 27, 1842, Cape Girardeau 
county, Missouri. Married to Alevia Jones. 
Moved to Washington State. 

Jackson B. 1843-1882. 

Born October 28, 1843, Cape Girardeau 
county, Missouri. Married to Cordelia E. 
Penny, March 24, 1864. Died March 14, 


Marshall L. 1845 — 

Born January 9, 1845, Cape Girardeau 
.county, Missouri. Went to Nevada. 







Miriam Viola. 1866— 

Born July 29, 1866, Oregon, Holt county, 
Missouri. Married March 2, 1885, at La 
Junta, Colorado, to Lyman J. Miller. Chil- 
dren : Guy Manfred, born April 18, 1886; 
Marshall Mortimer, August 6, 1888; Mar- 
garet Morgan, June 21, 1891. Mrs. Miller 
married second time November 9, 1910, at 
Washington, D. C, to Carl F. Schoenthaler. 
Marshall Miller, her son, married August 
23, 1911, at Kansas City, Missouri, to Mil- 
dred Nobbey, of Washington, D. C. Mar- 
garet married November 8, 1911, Washing- 
ton, D. C, to Francis X. Kane. 

Anna Gbrtrude. 1868-1880. 

Born January 30, 1868. Adopted by Mr. 
and Mrs. J. E. Black, of Sabetha, Kansas, 
1872. Died January 18, 1880. 
Edna LavErniE. 1869 — 

Born November 13, 1869 Pleasant Hill, 
Cass county, Missouri. Married April 30, 
1904, to William Biggs, jr., at Washington, 
D. C. Children : Eleanor Spencer, born 
January 24, 1906. 

issue of second marriage, 
isabelle dumont. 1883 — 

Born at Pueblo, Colorado, July 13, 1883. 
Attended public schools at Pueblo and 
Canon City, Colorado. Moved to Washing- 
ton vi^ith father and sister Edna, June, 1900. 
Reginald Grisard. 1885 — 

Born at Pueblo, Colorado, September 17, 
1885. Educated in public schools of In- 
diana. Attended school of mines. Golden, 
Colorado, 1904 and 1905 ; in assay office. 
Cripple Creek, Colorado, 1906 ; Assistant 
Chemist Bureau of Internal Revenue, 
Washington, D. C, 1907-8; U. S. Patent 
Office, 1908-9. Returned to School of 
Mines, 1909, September. Finished at School 
of Mines, 1911, receiving degree of Metal- 
lurgical Engineer, (E. Met.) In service 
of Anaconda (Mont.) Copper Company 
^ since graduation. 





LuciAN Webster. 1870-189S. 

Born January 31, 1870, at St. Joseph, 
Missouri. Died January 17, 1898, in Texas, 
where he had gone for benefit of health. 
Was a clerk in the offices of A. T. & S. F. 
Ry., Chicago, where he contracted tubercu- 

Raymond S. 1872 — 

Born January 8, 1872, at St. Joseph, Mis- 
souri. Learned printer's trade ; served in 
First Colorado, in Philippines, 1898-1899. 
Re-enlisted in 29th Inf. U. S. A. Enlisted 
third time at Ft. Bliss, Texas, about 1904. 
Promoted to Second Lieutenant Philippine 
Scouts, 1907, and since serving in Philip- 

Edith E. 1874— 

Born January 14, 1874, at St. Deroin, Ne- 
braska, residence at that time of her 
grandfather, Rev. J. Bowman. Married 
July 12, 1904, at Washington, D. C, to 
Joseph T. Kelly, Jr., son of Rev. Joseph 
JT. Kelly. Moved to Baltimore. 



Arthur. 1873— 

Born at St. Joseph, Missouri, January 
13, 1873. Moved to Portland, Oregon, 
1889, Avhile in Engineering Dept. N. P. R. 
R. Mother and sister followed later. Since 
for some years filling a responsible place 
<( with Portland Seed Company. 

Mary Ethelyn. 1877 — 

Born at Lathrop, Missouri, May 25, 1877. 
Married at Portland, Oregon, 1907, to E. 
G. Watson. Daughter ; Elizabeth Carney, 
^ born May 1, 1903. 







'Joshua Lee. 1873— 

Born March 18, 1872, at Oregon, Holt 
county, Missouri. Married October 9, 
1904, to Mrs. M. L. Evans, at Raton, N. 
M. Linotype operator. For some years at 
Pueblo in office of the Chieftain, later at 
Savannah, Ga. 
Julia Anna. 1875-1876. 

Born July 21, 1875, at Las Animas, Colo- 
rado. Died August 25, 1876. 
Edward Spencer. 1881 — 

Born January 15, 1881, at Las Animas, 
Colorado. Married August 14, 1901, to 
Olive Longinotti, at Pueblo, Colorado, Sta- 
tionary Engineer. Children born : Nina 
Mildred, May 25, 1903. 


'Miriam Gertrude. 1875-1878. 

Born June 17, 1875, at Amazonia, Mis- 
souri. Died 1878. 
Charles Nelson. 1876— 

Born July 9, 1876, at Savannah, Mis- 
George Arthur. 1877-1879. 

Born June, 1877, at Corning, Missouri. 
L Died September 7, 1879. 


'Benjamin SpEncEr. 1760-1843. 

Born Orange county. North Carolina. 
Died December 18, 1843. Revolutionary 
soldier. Married and had four children: 
Siebert, William, Benjamin, Mymie. Wife's 
first name was Mary. (See biographical 

A chart obtained from Celia Bowman- 
Wills gives a great uncle named Benjamin 
Spencer, who married Mary Winkler. 
William SpEncer. 

Born in Virginia, died in North Carolina, 
at advanced age. Had six sons and one 
Kaziah Spencer. 
^MoLLiE Spencer. 








Died in childhood. 
Died single. 
Married to Elizabeth 


Born in Virginia. 

Born in Virginia. 

Born in Virginia. 
Center. Five sons, all preachers, one 
named Urban, went to Texas. The father 
died in Missouri, aged 70. 

Born in Burke county, N. C. Married 
to Daniel Beadle. 

Born in Burke county. North Carolina. 
Married to William Ashe. 
Elizabeth. 1777-1830. 

Born September, 1777, in Virginia. Mar- 
ried to Shepherd Bowman. Died Septem- 
.ber, 1830, in North Carolina. 



Israel. 1815 — 

Born in Lincoln county, North Carolina, 
181.5. Married to Elizabeth Best. Second 
wife, Miriam E. Spencer. 
Elizabeth Miriam. 1817-1891. 

Born September 4, 1817, in Lincoln coun- 
ty, North Carolina. Married to Joshua 
Bowman, August 27, 1837, in Missouri. 
Died Pueblo, Colorado, July 23, 1891. 
Sinai. 1821— 

Born in Missouri, 1821. Married to 
Robt. Blaylock. Had five children. 
Mary Ann. 1824 — 

Born in Missouri, 1824. Married to 
Bennet Murray, who was shot by guerillas 
during the Civil War. Eight children. 

'This and the two preceding tables are intended 
to show the ancestry of the wife of Joshua Bow- 



At this date (1913), Edward Bowman is the earhest an- 
cestor of this branch of this family concerning whom any 
authentic information has been found. Of his father we 
have the indefinite information that he lived "on the James 
river," and again, "on the James river near Richmond." 
It is probable that Amherst county, bordering on the James 
river, was his residence, as the pension affidavit of his 
brother John gives his birthplace as Amherst county, Va. 
Edward had two brothers, named respectively, Gilbert and 
John, of whom further particulars later. 

Edward was born in Amherst county, Virginia, 1715. 
He was married to Anna Childers, by which union there 
were born four sons, namely : Sherwood, Marshall, Groves 
and Shepherd ; three daughters, Judith, Prudence and Eliza- 
beth. So far as known, the children named were born in 
Amherst county. 

The county records of Amherst show conveyances of 
lands to Edward Bowman in 1764 and 1772, and from Ed- 
ward B. in 1776, 1777 and 1779. 

The pension affidavit of Sherwood Bowman, born 1758, 
shows that his father moved with his family to Burke 
county. North Carolina, when he was sixteen years of age, 
so that the date of his father's removal to North Carolina 



must have been 1774, At this date, therefore, Edward 
Bowman settled in Burke county, North CaroHna, where, 
as his grandson says, "he owned farms and orchards on the 
Catawba river, and engaged in farming and stockraising." 
His name next appears in the census of Burke county, 
N. C, for 1790, the enumeration including one male, three 
female whites over thirty years of age, and three slaves. 

As evidence of his holdings in Burke county, there may 
be seen in the office of the recorder of deeds the records of 
three patents from the state for five hundred, three hundred 
and one hundred acres of land "on the south side of the 
Catawba river, beginning at Joseph Bellew's corner, and 
running with his line," etc., dated 1783 and 1784. 

The minutes of the county court of common pleas of 
Burke county, January term, 1794, show the selection of 
Edward Bowman and his brother Gilbert for grand jurors 
for the April term of the superior court. 

Concerning his death, we have only the brief entries in 
the minute book of the county court. 

At the October term, 1795, it was "ordered that letters of 
administration issue to Groves Bowman on the estate of 
Edward Bowman, deceased, widow Bowman and an older 
brother having relinquished their right of administration." 

At the January session, 1796, Groves Bowman, adminis- 
trator of Edward Bowman, deceased, came into open court 
and made return of an inventory of said estate, and amount 
of sale, amounting to i376-9-l. 


{Brother of Bdzvard Bozvman) 

But little is recorded of Gilbert Bowman, His grand- 
niece, Celia Bowman, puts him down as a brother of Edward, 
born in Virginia, and noted as a hunter. The census of 
Burke county. North Carolina, for 1790, contains the name 
of Gilbert Bowman as head of a family, with two male 
children under 16, and six white females in family, one 
probably the wife and mother. The census of same county 
for 1800 contains the name Gilbert Bowman as head of a 
family enumerated as follows : males under ten, 1 ; sixteen 
to twenty-six, 1 ; forty-five and over, 1 ; females, sixteen to 
twenty-six, 2; forty-five and over, 1. Later than the above, 
the name of Gilbert Bowman does not appear on the census 
rolls of North Carolina. 

The records of the county court of Burke show Gilbert 
Bowman drawn as a grand juror, April and July, 1794, as 
witness to certain conveyances of land to his nephew in 
1796; as the purchaser of 250 acres of land from Abraham 
Strange in the same year; and as the purchaser of 100 acres 
of land from Hiram Williams in 1797. After which his 
name disappears from the public records. The names of 
children, of which there were several, have not been learned. 

The name of another Gilbert Bowman appears in the 
census of 1810 for Nelson county, Virginia, as head of 
family, between twenty-six and forty-five years of age, with 


wife of same age; two sons and two daughters under ten 
years, and one slave. From oral information obtained by 
the writer from the obliging county recorder at Amherst, a 
Gilbert Bowman who had lived with his uncle Sherod at 
Williamsburg, came to Amherst and married Elizabeth 
Tinsley. Of this union was born James Edward Bowman, 
now of Amherst. This Gilbert, last named, it is said, had an 
uncle named Gilbert and a third named William. The exact 
relationshp between these Gilberts and this one who went 
to North Carolina with Edward, can only be guessed, as 
also that of Sherod with Sherwood, son of Edward. 



(Brother of Edivard Bozvman) 

A clue to the identity of this particular John Bowman, as 
a brother of Edward, and as a Revolutionary soldier, is 
found in a family chart made up by Celia Bowman-Wills. 
Mrs. Wills says also that he was a preacher and preached in 
the street at Philadelphia, July 4, 1776. 

He was born in Amherst county, Va., in 1753, married 
in 1784 to Barsheba Hooper, died Alay 25, 1841. Nothing 
is known of his children. That he was a brother of Edward 
is rendered doubtful by the wide difference in dates of birth, 
but that he was related there seems little room for doubt. 
He may have been a cousin. 

The following extracts are from the pension claim of 
Barsheba Bowman, widow of John Bowman, on file in the 
Pension Bureau, Washington : 

"Concerning Military Re:cord of John Bowman, a 
Soldier of the Revolutionary War. 

Made application for pension October 21, 1822, then 70 
years of age and residing in Morgan county, Tennessee. 
Pension allowed for three years actual service as a private 
in the Virginia troops Revo. War. Part of time he served 
under Captain Shelton and Col. Stevens. He enlisted in 
Amherst county, Va. 

:J< ^ :)< >H ^H jf; ;); 

Died May 25, 1841. Married 1784 to Barsheba Hooper. 
Born and raised in Amherst county, Virginia." 


Extracts from affidavit for pension : 

"John Bowman, 

Morgan county, State of Tennessee. 

October 31, 1823. 
Born and raised in Virginia, Amherst county. Enlisted 
in :\Iarch, 1777, under Capt. CHff Shelton, Tenth Virginia 
Regiment, at Philadelphia, under Col. E. D. Stevens, Gen. 
Scott's Brigade. Was in the battle of Germantown, and 
from thence to winter quarters at Valley Forge and from 
thence sent for duty to a small village called Penny'd, and 
in a scrimmage with the British, himself and' 14 others were 
taken prisoners of war, carried to Philadelphia, thence to 
New York. Was a prisoner at date of battle of Monmouth, 
N. J., and shortly after was discharged and rejoined his 
regiment at Brunswick, and was at the battle of Stony Point. 
Continued a private in said company and regiment for 
three years and was discharged at Burlington. 

(Signed) John Bowman." 

The Record and Pension Office of the War Department 
under date of October 15, 1901, gives the military record of 
three Bowmans named John, the last of which appears to 
refer to the subject of this sketch, agreeing in part with the 
affidavit given by him. The letter from that office is as 
follows : 

"Referring to your request to be furnished with the Rev- 
olutionary War records of Gilbert Bowman, Edward Bow- 
man and John Bowman, all of Virginia, I have the honor to 
inform 3^ou that one John Bowman was a member Captain- 
Lieutenant Leonard Cooper's Company, 4th \^irginia Regi- 
ment of Foot, commanded by Colonel John Nevil [formerly 


8th Virginia Regiment, commanded by Colonel Abraham 
Bowman], Revolutionary War. His name appears on the 
rolls of this organization from July 13. 1776, to August, 
1799. He appears to have been appointed sergeant January 
14, 1777 ; to have been reduced to private in July, 1777, and 
to have died August 19, 1779. 

It also appears from the records that one John Bowman 
served as a private in Captain Abraham Kirkpatrick's com- 
pany of the 4th Virginia Regiment of Foot, commanded by 
Colonel John Nevill, Revolutionary War. He was enlisted 
January 8, 1777, for the period of the war, and was dis- 
charged December 1, 1779. 

It further appears from the records that one John Bow- 
man served as a private in Captain Clough Shelton's Com- 
pany in the Gth Virginia Regiment (formerly 10th Vir- 
ginia Regiment) commanded by Colonel John Green, Revo- 
lutionary War. His name appears on the rolls of the above 
named organization from May, 1777, to November, 1779, 
which show him to have been enlisted December 24, 1776, 
for the period of three years. No record of his discharge 
nor any further information concerning him has been found. 

Neither the name Gilbert Bowman nor the name Edward 
Bowman has been found on the rolls on file in this office, of 
any organization of Virginia or Continental troops in serv- 
ice during the war of the Revolution." 

As introducing still another John Bowman, undoubtedly 
of the same blood, who participated in the revolutionary 
struggle, some extracts from "Sketches of Pioneers of 
Burke County," by the late Col. T. G. Walton, published in 
the Morganton Herald, December 7, 1893, et seq., will be 
of interest : 

"Among the first settlers of Burke county of whom I had 
either personal knowledge or from information secured 


from old residents during my early years, were the Mc- 
Dowells, Bowmans, Greenlees, Erwins, Averys, Pickens, 
Carsons, Morrisons, Tates, Hemphills, and others too nu- 
merous to mention. Those were men of mark, many of 
whom were distinguished for their patriotism during the 
revolution; others had won the esteem and respect of the 
people, as evinced by their selection as representatives in 
Congress, legislature * * * and officers of trust and profit 
of the county. 

"The McDowells, Bowmans and Greenlees came from 
Virginia to Burke county previous to the revolution. They 
were all related by marriage or consanguinity. * * * 

"John Bowman, the husband of Grace Greenlee, came 
from Virginia about the same time as the McDowells and 
others. He was killed at the battle of Ramseur's Mills. He 
had but one child, a daughter, who married William late, 
Sr., of Hickory Grove, the old homestead of John Bowman, 
His widow, nee Grace Greenlee, married Gen. Charles Mc- 



{of Roivan County, North Carolina) 

While dealing with the Bowmans whose Christian names 
were John, it seems proper to insert here an account of John 
Bowman of Rowan county, North Carolina, a sketch of 
whose life is given in the application of his widow for a 
pension, on file in Pension Bureau, Washington. 

The facts revealed in connection with this claim open an 
entirely new field of the family history and contribute some- 
thing to the history of the Revolutionary War. 

Copies of the documents follow herewith : 

Affidavit op Ei.e;anor Bowman^ Widow of John 

Statf of Tfnnfssff, ] ^^ . 
Sumner County. \ 

On this 3d day of May, 1847, personally appeared before 
me, Elijah Boddie, Chairman and Justice of the Peace for 
Sumner county, Eleanor Bowman, a resident of said coun- 
ty, aged about 77 years, on oath, etc., as follows : 

That her husband enlisted in Rowan county, N. C, 
marched to Charleston, S. C, where he fought under Gen> 
eral Lincoln, and was taken prisoner when Charleston was 
surrendered in the year 1780. Does not know names ot 
officers under whom her husband served, or the battles, or 
the marches, or whether a regular. But believes John Bow- 
man was the identical John Bowman whose name is found 
in the office of the Secretary of State of North Carolina to 
whom was granted a land warrant for his military services, 
because she has never known or heard of any other John 
Bowman but her husband. She would further state that 


all the Bowmans she has ever known or heard of in the 
United States descended from either James Bowman [the 
father of her husband] or from William Bowman, who was 
a brother of James, 

After John Bowman was paroled, he resided in Rowan 
county, North Carolina, until 1798, when he removed to 
Sumner county, where he died. She further declares that 
the entry in the Family Record, made a part of this declara- 
tion, relative to her birth and marriage, was made in the 
handwriting of her husband, John Bowman, and that the 
said Family Record has remained in her possession ever 
since her husband's death, and was in the joint possession 
of herself and her husband during his life. She knows that 
the entries were never altered nor changed. * * * 

She further declares that she was married to said John 
Bowman on the 3d day of January, 1793, and that her hus- 
band died on the 11th day of September, 1831." 

[Copy of Parole;.] 

"I do hereby acknowledge myself to be a prisoner of war, 
upon my parole, to His Excellency, Sir Henry Clinton, and 
that I am thereby engaged until I shall be exchanged, or 
otherwise released therefrom, at my plantation in the Parish 
of St. Luke in the County of Rowan in the Province of 
North Carolina, and that I shall not in the mean time do or 
cause anything to be done prejudicial to the success of His 
Majesty's Arms, or have intercourse or correspondence 
with his enemies ; and that upon a summons from His Ex- 
cellency, or other person having authority thereto, that I 
will surrender myself to him or them at such time and place 
as I shall hereafter be required. 

[Signed] John Bowman. 

Witness, etc." 


[Leaf oif Family Record Torn erom Bible and Attached 
TO Pension Claim,] 


John Bowman, born November 15, 1763. 
Eleanor Bowman, born April — , 1770. - 

John and Eleanor Bowman married Jan. 3, 1793. 
Martha Bowman, born Nov. 28, 1793, Thursday. 
Elizabeth Bowman, born Sept, 6, 1795, Sunday. 
James Alford Bowman, born Dec. 11, 1797, Monday. 
Mariah Secelia Bowman, born Feb. 11, 1800, Monday. 
Cynthia Bowman, born June 20, 1802, Sunday. 
Jennie Bowman, born Dec. 23, 1801, Sunday. 
John McKee Bowman, born Jan. 27, 1807, Wednesday. 
Eleanor Bowman, born Dec. 15, 1810, Friday. 


Martha Bowman departed this life Sept. 16, 1841, aged 
80 years, 

John Bowman, Sept. 11, 1831, aged 68 years, 10 mo's, 26 
days. Was a professor of the Christian religion for 32 years, 
and held out faithful to the end. 

James Bowman, Sen., Oct. 11, 1823, aged 86 years; 
James and Martha Bowman lived in a state of marriage 61 
years and six months. James Bowman was a professor of 
religion 54 years and his holy life proved him to be a pos- 
sessor. Martha Bowman, his wife, was a professor of re- 
ligion 24 years, and no doubt a possessor. 

[End of Family Record.] 


{Son of Edward Bowman) 

This name has commonly been called Sherwood in the 
family, and it was supposed to be so spelled until the pen- 
sion affidavit showed it to be Shearwood. He was born in 
Amherst county, Virginia, in 1758, removing thence to 
North Carolina. Joshua Bowman, his nephew, says, "He 
was a farmer in North Carolina, served in the -Revolution- 
ary War, losing his sight from fever contracted in service. 
He continued blind till his death, which occurred at the old 
homestead, near South Mountain, Burke county, North 
Carolina. He had a son named Sherwood, Jr., who married 
Esther Winters in North Carolina and lived on his father's 
homestead. Another son was named Marshall T. There 
was also a daughter who married Joseph Crye and moved 
with him to Bartholomew county, Indiana." (See Caleb 
Bowman, p. 46.) 

The papers following are copied from the pension files 
relating to the application of Shearwood B. for pension : 

[Copy of Mijm. on Wrapper.] 

North Carolina 

Shearwood Bowman 
of Burke, in the State of North Car. 
Who was a private of the regiment 
commanded by Col. Holmes in the 
North Carolina line for six months. 

Inscribed on the roll of North Car- 
olina at the rate of 20 dollars per 
annum, to commence on the 4th of 
March, 1831. 


Certificate of Pension issued the 22d 
day of May, 1833, and sent James Erwin, 
Morgantown. C. H. (Clerk Burke Co.) 

Arrears to the 4th of March, 1833 $40 
Semi-an. Allowance ending 4th Sept. 10 


Sworn Declaration of Shicarwood Bowman before 
Acting J. P., Burke County, N. C. 

Doth on his corporal oath make, etc. : 

That he entered the service of the United States under the 
following named officers and served as herein stated; that 
he was drafted as a private from the County of Burke and 
State aforesaid in the latter end of the year 1779 and served 
a tower of three mo's and was discharged in Charleston, 
S. C. ; that when he was drafted he marched immediately to 
Charleston, where he served the time aforesaid until the 
time of his discharge, which was on the 24th day of March, 
1780. The officers under whom he served were : Captain 
Peter Ford; Lt. Thomas Littlejohn; Ensign Benjamin 

White; in Col. Holmes' regiment No. (forgotten); 

Gen. Lincoln Com. -in-Chief. 

He again entered the service of the United States as a 
drafted private (or by an express) in the year 1781, for a 
3-mo's tower, under Capt. McFarlan (Lt. and Ensign for- 
gotten) in Col. Charles McDowell's regiment; Gen. Ruther- 
ford, Com.-in-Chief, and that he was marched near Wil- 
mington, N. C, where he continued until expiration of term 
of service, some time in December, 1781. 


He knows of but one man living by whom he can prove 
his service, namely, Nicholas Fry. Being entirely deprived 
of his eyesight, he has had no intercourse beyond his im- 
mediate neighborhood since he was blind, which has been 
about 11 years, etc, 

[Signed] Shearwood Bowman. 

Answer to Interrogatories — Shearwood Bowman, 

Born in Virginia in 1758 ; thinks Amherst county. I have 
seen the record of my age. I was living in Burke county, 
N. C, when I entered service, and have lived there since. 
I was drafted. I received two discharges, but cannot recol- 
lect by whom given. I have lost or mislaid them. I am 
known to Rev. Alexander Abernathy and Joshua Bellew, 
Esq., and Mr. William F. Canon, and I can prove my tower 
in Wilmington, North Carolina, by Mr. Nicholas Fry. 

[Signed] Shearwood Bowman. 

[Here follow affidavits by Joshua Bellew, Wm. F. Canon 
and Alexander Abernathy as to veracity and good reputa- 
tion of Shearwood Bowman ; and of Phillip Warbek, J, P., 
that applicant was old and blind and unable to attend court. 
Also of Nicholas Fry as to his service in camp near Wil- 
mington. All before Phillip Warbek, J. P.] 

The name of Sherwood Bowman appears in the fragmen- 
tary records of Burke as purchaser of a tract of land from 
W^illiam Galliard, 22d March, 1795, and as one of the grant- 
ors in the Edward Bowman estate, he being one of the heirs, 
in August, 1796. His own homestead appears to have been 
in the lower end of Burke county, at what is known as 
Bowman's Crossing, just east of Connelly's Springs, on the 
Southern Railwav. 


(Son of Bdzvard Bozvman) 

Born October 13, 1760, in Amherst county, Va., this son 
appears to have been the only other one old enough to serve 
in the Revolutionary War. He enlisted in North Carolina 
three times for terms of three months each. After the war 
he returned to Virginia, first to Amherst, later settling in 
Kanawha county. He was a pensioner on the rolls of Vir- 
ginia until 1840, when, under date of July 27, 1840, he was 
transferred to that of Missouri. He died in Benton county 
in that year. Further details of his life and service are 
contained in extracts, which follow, from papers on file in 
the Pension Bureau, Washington. 

The names of his sons, as found in the census of Benton 
county, Missouri, for 1840 and 1850, are, Lusby, Tobina, 
Lindsay and Zack. In that of 1840 the name Lusby B. 
appears as head ; himself and wife between 20 and 30 years 
of age ; one male and one female child under five years of 
age. Tobina B., head, with wife, both between 20 and 30 
years of age; two males and one female child under five; 
one male between five and ten. In the census of 1850 the 
names of Lindsay and Zack Bowman are found, the former 
aged 41, born in Virginia, with wife of 31 and seven chil- 
dren; Zach aged 35, born in Virginia, with wife aged 32, 
born in Missouri, and three children, under seven years. 


34 bowman genealogy 

Application of Marshall Bowman for Pension on Ac- 
count OF Service in Revolutionary War. 

Obtained from papers on file in Pension Bureau. 

At a Circuit Superior Court of Law and Chancery held 
for Kanawha county the 21st day of Oct., 1833. 

Present : Lewis Summers, Esq., one of the Judges of the 
General Court of Virginia and Judge of the 19th Circuit of 
the Tenth Judicial District. 

State of X'irginia, Kanawha county, to wit : 

On this 31st day of October, 1833, personally appeared in 
open court, before Lewis Summers, Judge [etc., as above], 
now sitting, Marshall Bowman, a resident of Cede River, 
in the County of Kanawha, and State of Virginia, aged sev- 
enty-three years, who, being first duly sworn according to 
law, on his oath makes the following declaration in order to 
obtain the benefit of the Act of Congress of June 7, 1832 ; 

That he entered the service of the United States under the 
following named officers and served as herein stated. 

The said applicant was born in Amherst county, Virginia, 
At the age of 16, he, together with his father's family, re- 
moved to and settled in Burke county, N. C. When about 
19 years of age, and, he thinks in the year 1779, in the month 
of October, he volunteered his services as a private soldier 
in a company that was at that time being raised in said 
County of Burke, none of the officers of which are now 
recollected by this afifiant, and marched to join the regular 
forces of the South, under command of General Greene, on 
Christmas Eve of 1779, and a few days after joining the 
army of Greene they crossed the Peace river and marched 
to the Cheraw Hills, where the American forces took up 
their winter quarters. In this campaign this affiant enlisted 


for three months, and at the expiration of that time he was 
discharged. He returned home, and in the summer, or 
close of spring of 1781, he again enUsted for a campaign of 
three months against the Indians, who then infested the 
northwestern frontier of North CaroHna. This afifiant can 
not recollect the name of any other officer of this company 
(which he thinks was composed of about 100 men) but that 
of the colonel, who was named Wanford. In this cam- 
paign they constituted a fort on the head of the Catawba 
river (called, this affiant thinks, Cass's Fort), and for the 
term of enlistment (3 months) ranged about the waters of 
French Broad. The Indian campaign being ended, he was 
discharged and again returned home, and immediately there- 
after revolunteered in a company of militia that Capt. Mc- 
Farland was raising in Burke county. This was for a like 
campaign of three months against the British, who then, 
this affiant believes, had possession of Wilmington in said 
State of North Carolina. At this time quite a large regi- 
ment had been raised in Burke county, and Capt. McFar- 
land's company joined it on its march to Wilmington. This 
declarant remembers that McDowell was the general, and 
White the major. The division of the American Army un- 
der General McDowell encamped in the vicinity of Wil- 
mington, and was there lying when the intelligence of Lord 
Cornwallis' surrender at Yorktown occasioned the British 
to return from Wilmington. In the course of a few weeks 
after this event McDowell's army was disbanded, the term 
of three months having been completed. 

During the service of this applicant there was no en- 
gagement between the American and British forces. 

He received a written discharge on each occasion of his 


retirement from service, but these have long since been lost. 
He has, therefore, no documentary evidence of his service, 
nor does he know any one who can testify to it. The whole 
period thereof was nine months ; this he distinctly recollects 
— ending late in the autumn of 1781, shortly after the sur- 
render, as before stated, of Cornwallis. 

After the revolution this affiant moved back to Amherst 
county, Va., where he resided four or five years. He then 
moved to this (Kanawha) county, where he now resides. 
He hereby relinquishes any claim whatever to a pension, ex- 
cept the present, and declares that his name is not on the 
pension roll of the agency of any state. 

Sworn and subscribed to the day and year aforesaid. 
[Signed] Marshall Bowman. 

Teste: A. W. Quanier, Clk. 

Testimony of Neighbors Concerning Marshall 

We, David Harbour, a clergyman, residing in the county 
of Kanawha, and Charles Jones, residing in the same coun- 
ty, hereby certify that we are well acquainted with Mar- 
shall Bowman, who has subscribed and sworn to the above 
declaration ; that we believe him to be seventy-three years of 
age ; that he is reported and believed in the neighborhood 
where he resides to have been a soldier of the Revolution, 
and that we concur in that opinion. 

[Signed] David Harbour. 

Charles Jones. 

Teste : A. W. Quanier, Clk. 


Declaration and order oe this Court. 

And the said court hereby declares its opinion, after in- 
vestigation of the matter, and after putting the interroga- 
tories prescribed by the Department, that the above named 
applicant was a revolutionary soldier and served as he 
states; and the court further certifies that it appears to it 
that the Rev. David Harbour, who has signed the preced- 
ing certificate is a clergyman, and a respectable Baptist 
preacher, resident of Kanawha county, and that Charles 
Jones, who has also signed the same is a resident of the 
same county, and is a credible and respectable person, and 
that said statement is entitled to credit. 

The judge of this court further directs it to be certified 
that he has known Marshall Bowman, the applicant, for 
many years, and that from his general character as to prob- 
ity and truth he is fully satisfied of the general accuracy of 
his declaration and that he is justly entitled to the pension 
which he seeks to obtain. 

All which is ordered to be certified to the War Depart- 

Statement by Marshall Bowman, of Age and Revo. 

Service. From Copy on File in Pension 

Bureau, Washington, D. C. 

Marshall Bowman. Pen. Receives $30 per annum. 

I, the undersigned, Marshall Bowman, in pursuance of 
the requisition of the Secretary of War, give the following 
statement of my age and Revolutionary Service. 

I was born Oct. 13, 1760. Lived in Burke county during 


the War of the Revo. When in my 18th year of age (I 
can't tell the year) I volunteered for three months. Marched 
from Burke county under Captain Mordecai Clark to Che- 
raw Hills ; there found Gen. Green's Army ; can't remember 
the name of my colonel, nor the number of my regiment. 
The army marched to Salisbury, at which place my time 
expired. I got my discharge and returned home. In same 
year (as well as I can remember), I volunteered again for 
three months. Went from same county under Captain Mc- 
Farlan to French Broad; was ranging against the Indians; 
was in the service for three months. Perhaps the same fall 
(won't be certain) I volunteered again for three months, 
under the last mentioned captain. Went to Wilmington, 
joined a regiment under General McDowell. Was in the 
service three months. Whilst there we received the news 
of the capture of Lord Cornwallis. I procured affidavits 
from North Carolina proving my service." 



(Son of Bdzvard Bozvman) 

The date of birth of Groves Bowman has not been found. 
He was born in Amherst county, Va., moved to Burke 
county. North Carolina, probably witfi his father, and was 
married to Polly Connelly. Of him his nephew, Joshua 
Bowman, says : 

"He was a farmer and "a Justice of the Peace all his life ; 
had a large farm in the valley of the Catawba with plenty of 
negroes, mules and horses. He never did any work him- 
self. He had eight sons and three daughters ; the oldest son 
being John, the next James ; the others, William, Harvey, 
Allen, George, Leander, Caleb ; the daughters, Vira, Anna, 
Susan. He died there at his farm in Burke county." 

The name of Groves Bowman as Justice of the Peace and 
ex officio member of the county court, and in other capaci- 
ties, appears with frequency in the proceedings of the court, 
during the years from 1796 to 1839, at which point the 
minute book ends. The next volume is missing from the 
archives of Burke county. 

The writer had the pleasure of visiting the Groves Bow- 
man homestead, situated three miles west of Granite Falls, 
Caldwell county, in October, 1910. The original dwelling 
house has disappeared,, but that of his son Caleb, deceased, 
who seems to have succeeded to the estate, still stands not 
far away, on the north side of the Catawba, on a beautiful 
eminence, overlooking the fertile bottoms, and the wooded 
hills on the opposite side. Three grand children of Groves 
Bowman, through his son Caleb, who married Rebecca S. 
Bellew, are still living in the vicinity, namely, John R., Agnes 
E. (the wife of Louis S. Berry), and Eula L., wife of La- 
fayette A. Craig. These with their children are worthy 
successors of their honorable ancestor. Groves Bowman. . 


(Son of Edtvard Botvman) 

Shepherd, the youngest son, was born in Amherst coun- 
ty, Virginia, October 1, 1774, the year of his father's re- 
moval to North CaroHna. At thirty years of age, or in 
1804, he was married to EHzabeth Spencer, daughter of 
WilHam Spencer, a Methodist preacher. He fell heir to the 
old homestead, consisting of 900 acres in Burke county, to 
which he made some additions by purchase. He had ten 
children, live sons and five daughters. The sons were: Ed- 
ward, who died at fourteen in North Carolina, Caleb, Wil- 
liam J., Joshua and John. The daughters were: Celia E., 
Amanda, Elizabeth, Spicy and Fanny. The daughters, with 
the exception of Celia, remained single and died in North 
Carolina. Of the sons, John died in Missouri in his youth. 
Fuller details of the others given further on. 

Upon the death of his father in North Carolina, the lands 
owned by him, consisting of nine hundred acres on the south 
side of the Catawba river, became the property of Shep- 
herd by a joint deed of all the other heirs, dated in 1796. 
These lands, from the descriptions in the patents issued to 
his father are believed to lie in the vicinity of Rutherford 
College and Connelly Springs on the opposite side of the 
Catawba from the homestead of Groves Bowman. 

Shepherd Bowman was a substantial farmer in North 
Carolina until 1833, when he went with his family to Cape 
Girardeau county, Missouri, where his death occurred about 

Further reference to Shepherd Bowman will be found in 
the autobiographies of Caleb and Joshua, his sons. 


{Grandaughter of Edward B.) 

Mrs. Wills was the only daughter of Shepherd Bowman, 
who lived to move to jMissouri with him. The date of her 
birth was probably 1819. She was married to Drury Wills, 
of Cape Girardeau county, ]\Io., February 11, 1838. Their 
sons were: Albert M., born 1842, married to Alevia Jones, 
moving to Washington Territory; Jackson B., born 1843, 
married to Cordelia E. Penney, died 1883; Marshall L., 
born 1845, moving to Nevada; Grove S. and B. F. Wills, 
Through these sons and daughters descended many grand- 
children. Jackson P. Wills had four sons and one daugh- 
ter, named respectively: Madison C, Drury M., Thomas B.. 
Pinkney and Ella. B. F. Wills' children were : Julia, Anna 
and Jennie. Grove S. Wills had two daughters named re- 
spectively, Roberta and MolHe. The only daughter of Mr. 
and Mrs. Drury Wills, who survived infancy was Minerva 
J., born 1841. She was married, 1863, to John F. Smith, 
and died 1874. 

So far as known, Mr. and Mrs. Drury Wills resided in 
Cape Girardeau county until their decease. The last letter 
from :\Irs. Wills was dated Oak Ridge, April 28, 1887. 


(Grandson of Bdivard, through his son Groves) 

Joshua Bowman in an interview concerning the children 
of his uncle Groves, had this to say concerning his cousin 
George : 

"George was the only son of any literary turn. Professed 
religion and emigrated to Missouri with his Uncle Shep- 
herd. Taught one term of school in Cape Girardeau coun- 
ty, Mo. Attended a seminary at Jackson, the county seat, 
after which he was licensed as a local preacher, and in due 
time received into the Missouri conference. Methodist 
Episcopal Church. After serving as such was transferred 
by Bishop Morris to Iowa, upon the first introduction of 
Alethodism into that state in 1840, and stationed at Iowa 
City. Alarried in Iowa. Had great success in that confer- 
ence ; was a delegate to the General Conference. Founded 
a ladies' seminary in connection with college at Mt. Vernon. 
Removed to San Jose, California." 

A more complete account of the career of Dr. Bowman 
appeared in the San Jose (Cal.) Mercury of October 12, 
1888, upon the occasion of his death. It follows: 

"In the death of the Rev. Dr. George Bryant Bowman. 
San Jose has lost one of its most honored and upright citi- 
zens, and the Methodist Church one of its most earnest 
workers and truest friends. 

His death occurred at his residence on Third Street near 
ilenseley Avenue at 7.15 o'clock Wednesday evening, and 
was the result of an attack of nervous prostration, conse- 
quent upon a life of hard work and exposure. 

Dr. Bowman was a native of North Carolina, and at the 
time of his death was over 76 years and five months of age, 
having been born on May 1, 1812. In his youth he received 


Lie LI 

TlLDr.N '^-' -J ; 


only the schooling that fell to the lot of the farmers' sons of 
those days and at an early age he started for the West, be- 
ginning his career as a Methodist preacher in a small town 
in Missouri near St. Louis. He was a man of far more than 
ordinary ability and an earnest Christian. The result of his 
labors was soon felt and under his hands a flourishing 
church soon grew into existence. In 1841, after he had 
spent several years in Missouri, he went to Iowa and began 
his labors at Dubuque. At this time Iowa was a territory 
and was a thinly populated region. The Methodist preach- 
ers were then given circuits in which to labor and Mr, Bow- 
man's took in nearly half of the territory. In the winter he 
would start out from home on a sled and going over the cir- 
cuit would take nearly half of the season. At Dubuque he 
built a church, and subsequently he went to Iowa City, 
where he also established a church and did good work in his 
chosen path. 

It was in 1851 that he went to Mt. Vernon, Iowa, where 
he was destined to do a great deal of good for humanity and 
leave a lasting monument to his own memory. At Mt. 
Vernon he was very active in the cause of his church and 
that of education. It has been aptly said of him that his 
hobby was to build churches and schools, and his work at 
Mt. Vernon certainly supports the statement. About the 
first thing he did there was to build a brick church. Then 
he devoted himself to the construction of a three-story brick 
seminary on a tract of thirty acres, which he secured for the 
purpose. A few years later he was enabled to build an ad- 
ditional four-story structure on the campus, and the semi- 
nary became a college and the old building a boarding house 
for the young lady students. The vast amount of labor 
necessary to raise funds for a purpose of this kind, especial- 
ly in those days, can only be appreciated by those who hav£ 


had similar experiences. In this labor Mr. Bowman spent 
the best years of his life, endured many hardships, traveled 
and preached almost incessantly. During his travels he vis- 
ited New York and secured a liberal donation to the Col- 
lege Fund from Cornell, in whose honor the college was 
named. He paid several subsequent visits to the East and 
secured the endowment of a number of professorships in 
the college. This institution was always a source of a great 
deal of pride to him, and during his residence in this city he 
has paid it several visits, and at one time contributed $10,000 
to it. About five years ago the degree of Doctor of Divinity 
was conferred upon him by the college. Since then he was 
instrumental in securing funds for the erection of a hand- 
some chapel, and about three years ago a large boarding 
hall was built and, in his honor, named Bowman Hall, the 
old seminary building being fitted up for a conservatory of 

In 186-i Mr. Bowman came to San Jose and remained 
here and in other parts of California for one year. His 
health was broken by hard work and exposure and he came 
here for much needed rest. During his visit he built a 
church at Redwood City, and in April, 1886, he returned to 
the East and brought his family here as it was necessary for 
him to live in a mild climate, such as California affords. 
Since that time his home was in San Jose, but his good wor; 
extended to all parts of the State. About one of his first 
acts on coming to California for the second time was to 
build a church at Bantos, and since then he occupied the 
time in advancing the interests of his religion. He became 
a member of the Pacific Conference, but never assumed a 
pastorate, as his health would not permit. His time, how- 
ever, Avas devoted to helping the weak, preaching the gospel 
and endeavoring to build up the cause he loved, so that his 


time was fully occupied so far as his health would permit. 

In pursuance of his desire to support the weak and strug- 
gling he patronized the Centella Chapel in the southern part 
of the city as soon as it was established, and whenever pos- 
sible attended services there. While returning from the 
Chapel to the home of his son, George W. Bowman, on 
North First Street one Sunday about seven months ago, the 
first attack of what proved his last illness came on. He was 
overcome by nervous prostration and became exhausted at 
the corner of First and Julian Streets. He was seen, how- 
ever, by a friend and taken home. For several days he was 
seriously ill, but he eventually recovered sufficiently to go 
to Monterey, where he remained several weeks, during 
which time his son, John W. Bowman, died. He came back 
apparently better, and, although he was by no means strong, 
he felt able to attend the recent conference at Pacific Grove, 
which he did. While there he had another attack of nervous 
prostration, and was sent home about four weeks ago, after 
which time he gradually sank until the time of his death. 
During all his illness he realized that death was near, and 
calmly and cheerfully arranged his affairs and prepared for 
the end, which came without pain. 

Dr. Bowman was married at Iowa City to Miss Margaret 
Jane Hill, who died here about eleven years ago. The re- 
sult of the union was nine children, of whom one son and 
three daughters survive, all of whom reside in San Jose 
with the exception of Mrs. Frank W. Blackmar, who is at 
present in Baltimore, Maryland. 

The funeral services will take place at the First M. E. 
Church at 10 o'clock this morning, and will be conducted 
by Dr. A. C. Hirst, President of the University, of which 
institution Dr. Bowman was a warm friend and also a mem- 
ber of the Board of Trustees." 


{Grandson of Edzvard. An Autobiography.) 

The Bowmans emigrated to North Carolina long before 
the revolution. jMy Grandfather Bowman settled in Vir- 
ginia, near Richmond, then moved to North Carolina, Burke 
county. The first farm that he cleared was worn out and 
thrown out to the commons before I can recollect. He had 
a large apple orchard on his second farm, which was still 
bearing when I left there (1831), but grown up in pine and 
brush. He then moved about half a mile. He had another 
farm in the river bottom. 

I do not know whether my uncles were born in Virginia 
or North Carolina. My grandfather had four boys. Uncle 
Marshall lived in Virginia, Uncle Sherwood lived in North 
Carolina. They had two boys and one girl, Marshall. Sher- 
wood and Anna. I don't know the name of the lady whom 
Sherwood married. Groves Bowman, my uncle, married 
Polly Connelly, in Burke county, North Carolina. He was 
a farmer. Justice of the Peace and Probate Judge. He had 
seven boys and three girls, all born in Burke county, 
Groves' oldest boy was John. He was a tanner by trade. 
I do not know how many children he had. George was a 
Methodist preacher. Jimmie married Betsy Bellew. and 
they had children, but I do not know how many. He was 
a farmer and also constable while he lived. William mar- 
ried Sallie Bellew. Harvey married Jimmie's widow, and 


tnoved to Missouri. William was class leader in the Meth- 
odist Church, and also moved to Missouri. Leander and 
Caleb had not reached manhood when I left North Caro- 
lina. Elvira, I understood, married and moved to Missouri 
after I left home. Anna married Eli Sids [Seitz?]. They 
belonged to the Methodist Church. Susan was still young 
when I left North Carolina [1831]. 

I had another cousin there named Lanson Bowman, but 
cannot give the name of his parents. 

Aunt Prudence, I never saw. Aunt Betsy lived with 
Father [Shepherd] till her marriage, which was to a man 
named Vance. They moved to So. Carolina, and I have not 
since heard from them. 

My father. Shepherd Bowman, married Betsy Spencer, 
whose parents were Irish. [On this point, see Joshua Bow- 
man's statement.] Grandfather Spencer was a Methodist 
preacher and my father and mother belonged to the Meth- 
odist Church. Father was a farmer and owned over 1100 
acres of land — if my memory serves me rightly. 

There were ten children in my father's family, five boys 
and five girls. My oldest brother, Neddie, died [in North 
Carolina, at 14 years of age]. Fannie, Spicey, Betsy and 
Anna, all died in North Carolina. 

I was born in North Carolina, July 19, 1807. Lived with 
my father till I was in my twenty-fourth year, when I went 
to Indiana. I was married to Elizabeth Crye, March 15, 
1832, in Bartholomew county, Indiana. I then started to 
visit my father in Missouri ; worked at the Salt Works on 
Mud river; hired to a man to go to New Orleans on the 
boat; on my return I contracted the measles. Landed at 
Cairo, and though very sick walked all the way to Father's, 
Uncle Tom Spencer was called and pronounced me in 



dan^^er. I was placed over a kettle of boiling water and 
spicewood, and then put to bed. It was March before I was 
able to be around. As soon as able, I left for Illinois and 
subsequently lived for varying periods as follows : In 
Champaign and Tazewell counties, 111., Howard and Tip- 
pecanoe counties, Indiana; thence to Richland county, 
Wis. ?^Ioved thence in August, 1855, to Iowa. The June 
following, returned to Wisconsin. Back to Indiana in 
1859, and, returning to Wisconsin in 1861, I have since 
lived alternately in the counties of Eau Claire and Rich- 
land. Am now, March, 1887, in Richland. * * * 

During my residence of something over eleven years in 
Illinois, I was a member of the Methodist Church. Upon 
going to Indiana, I joined Christian Church, and since then 
have been an elder in that church. As for other positions, 
I have been a member of the town board and chaplain of 
the Grange Lodge. 

j\Iy brothers, Joshua, William and John, and sister 
Celia, were all born in North Carolina, Burke county. 
Celia married Drury Wills. * * * 

Now to my own children : Spicey Ann, born in Indiana, 
April 21, 1833 ; Joseph S., born in Champaign Co., 111. ; John 
and Jonathan will furnish you the required information in 
their own cases. 

(Signed) Caleb Bowman. 

West Lima, Wis., March, 1887. 



(Grandson of Edzvard. An Autobiography.) 

The subject of this sketch was born June 35, 1813, in 
Burke county. North CaroHna, on the Catawba river, 
twelve miles from Morganton, the county seat. 

My ancestors emigrated from London, England, in the 
early days of the colonies. My great-grandfather settled 
on the James river, near Richmond, Virginia. My grand- 
father emigrated to North Carolina, and settled on the Ca- 
tawba river in Burke county, and engaged in farming and 

There were born to him four sons : Marshall, Sherwood, 
Groves and Shepherd. The last named was my father. 

My uncles Marshall and Sherwood served in the War of 
the Revolution, the latter going blind by reason of exposure. 

My father, who was the youngest, fell heir to the old 
homestead, and the slaves were divided among the other 
three brothers. 

My father married Elizabeth Spencer, daughter of Wil- 
liam Spencer, who was also of English descent. There were 
born to my father five sons and five daughters, but of this 
large family there remain but three, one brother and sister 
and myself — waiting for the call of the Master. 

In those days school privileges were very meagre and lit- 
tle interest was taken in building houses for the comfort of 
teacher and pupil. The first school house in our neighbor- 
hood was built of round logs, covered with clapboards, with- 
out joists or ceiling. The seats were made of slabs from 
the saw mill, and instead of desks there was a long table 
of rough boards, reaching across the room for the use of 
those learning to write or cipher. For light, instead of 


windows, a log was cut out of the side of the building, and 
for glass greased paper was used. There were no trustees 
to whom a teacher might go for employment. The teacher 
drew up an agreement to teach certain branches, as spell- 
ing, reading, writing and arithmetic as far as the Rule of 
Three, canvassed the neighborhood for subscribers, and 
when he got his complement, appointed the time and opened 
the school. Webster's spelling book and the New Testa- 
ment were used as text-books. 

My father and mother were devout Christians and mem- 
bers of the Methodist Episcopal Church. They often took 
me with them to preaching and class meeting. At the same 
church, when quite small, I recollect seeing Bishop Asbury 
brought in a carriage, and, not being able to walk on ac- 
count of rheumatism, carried from the carriage to a plat- 
form erected in the grove for the occasion, and there the 
venerable Bishop sat and preached to the anxious multitude. 

My parents were every-day Christians, like David, the 
sweet singer of Israel, who said, "Evening and morning wnll 
I pray and sing praises unto God." The family altar was 
never neglected, and in old Methodist style a hymn always 
preceded the prayer. Still fresh in memory are those sweet 
old hymns: "O for a thousand tongues to sing;" "A charge 
to keep I have ;" ''Once more my soul the rising day;" "And 
are we yet alive ;" "Thus far the Lord hath led me on." 

During my youth I labored on the farm, attending school 
in the winter, till the fall of ]832, when I left the old home 
and came west. Stopped during the winter in Indiana, 
and in the spring came via. St. Louis — then a flourishing 
village with narrow streets, down close to the river — to 
southeastern Alissouri. The next fall I went back to my 
North Carolina home and returned with my father and his 
family to Missouri, settling in Cape Girardeau county. 


Here, after a period on the farm, like the prodigal of old, 
I threw off the restraints of home and went to New Orleans, 
but realized my mistake after a few months and returned to 
my father's house, ashamed and worsted by my experiences. 
During and following this adventure I became impressed 
with the need of salvation from my sins. The influence of 
my early training followed me. I united with the Church 
as a seeker and at a prayer meeting in a mining town in 
central Missouri, after sincere repentance and much sup- 
plication, was brought to light, liberty and happiness as a 
believer in my Saviour, Jesus Christ. I at once resolved, 
as God might help me, to do what I could to lead others to 
repentance. While working for this end, at a regular ap- 
pointment for preaching, after class meeting. I was handed 
a strip of paper which read as follows : 

"Know all men by these presents that Joshua Bow- 
man has this day been recommended by the class as a 
suitable person to exhort in the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, and is hereby authorized to exercise his gifts 
as such. — Uriel Howe, P. C." 

I was serving also as class leader and steward. After 
my introduction to church work, as above, I was, August 
27, 1837, joined in marriage to Elizabeth Miriam Spencer, 
who, to her honor be it said, has been a helpmeet, indeed, 
through all these intervening years. 

There have been born to us seven children, all sons, two 
of whom died in infancy. Five remain and have grown to 
manhood. Three served in the army in defense of the 
Union, and at the close of the war received honorable dis- 
charges and returned home, without injury. The two older 
of these boys are faithful members of the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church. 


Some years after our marriage, I was licensed as a local 

[This is confirmed by the following document found 
among father's papers after his death : 

"The bearer, Joshua Bowman, after due examina- 
tion by the Quarterly Meeting Conference, of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, Cape Girardeau Cir- 
cuit, Missouri Conference, is hereby authorized to 
preach the Gospel. 

N. Henry, 
President of the Conf."] 
Sept. 14, 1846. 

We almost immediately moved to Iowa and settled at 
Muscatine. Then, desiring a larger field in which to labor 
for Christ, I asked admission to the Iowa Conference, which 
met at Davenport.^ At this conference appeared Rev. 
Houts, now of Illinois, and Charles Kelley, of precious 
memory, from Missouri Conference, on a mission seeking 
recruits for that field. My recommendation was forwarded 
to that conference [Aug. 27, 1851], but as it was not re- 
ceived I accepted work under the Presiding Elder, George 
W. Robbins, of the St. Joseph District, and was assigned 
to Liberty and Plattsburg Circuits. This was in the year 
1851. Accordingly, as hastily as possible, I made ready 
and started with my family and goods on the long journey 
by river from Muscatine, Iowa, to Parkville, Mo. Our 
packet ran on the rocks in the rapids at Keokuk obliging us 
to reship for St. Louis. Here we took a Missouri river 
packet for Parkville, but at Kansas City had to stop off 
and await another boat for Parkville. Owing to the low 
stage of water the trip on the Missouri was most trying. 

'This appears to have been a conference of the Methodist Protestant Church, 
as is evidenced by a certificate of ordination as Deacon in said church, dated 
September IG, 1848, found among papers. 


At last we reached Parkville. Finding no organized so- 
ciety of the M. E. Church there, I secured temporary quar- 
ters for my family, hired a livery horse, rode out into the 
country twelve miles, and found the house of Rev. Charles 
Morris, a local preacher. There I received advice in regard 
to locating my family and beginning work. I found a lodg- 
ing place and moved my family to the country. There were 
no parsonages and very few churches in the District. Serv- 
ices were held in school houses and in some cases in private 

[Foregoing sketch was left unfinished but the narrative 
is apparently resumed in a letter dated, Pueblo, Colorado, 
October 13, 1884, to Rev. J. A. Showalter, at Grant City, 
]\Io., who was then compiling a "History of the M. E. 
Church in the Platte Purchase." The following is con- 
densed from a retained copy of that letter.] 

In the Hands of a Mob. 

My next appointment [1852 J was Weston Circuit, now 
called East St. Joseph. Nothing unusual occurred in the 
early part of the year and there was promise of some de- 
gree of prosperity. It was not long, however, till the "Bor- 
der Ruffians" began to warm up and take an active part in 
the Kansas troubles. As a preliminary step they decided to 
clear Missouri of the loyal element, and began by perse- 
cuting the M. E. Church. Its ministers were character- 
ized as "Abolitionists," "nigger thieves," and "violators 
of the laws of Missouri." Their slogan was "Smoke them 
out — the vipers of hell!" 

My circuit included part of Platte county. I preached 
in the poor [ ?] of the above county, and at this ap- 
pointment Isaac Burns, of the Ridgely circuit, came over 


and visited frequently. He also invited me to attend one 
of his quarterly meetings, which I consented to do. The 
meeting was held at the Elm Woods church, Platte county, 
the date I have forgotten. I went over with J. H. Hop- 
kins, the Presiding Elder, He seemed apprehensive of trou- 
ble, and as we were passing through Platte City remarked 
that we were watched. Arriving at the church, he preached 
from the text: "Not as the world giveth give I unto you." 
Quarterly conference was held in the evening, and then 
news came that a mob was collecting to break up the meet- 
ing on Sunday and arrest the ministers. Sunday morning 
early, as I reached the church, word was brought by James 
Heath that "Elder Hopkins had better get out of the w^ay, 
for the mob is on the way and is threatening to hang 
him.'' However, P)ro. Burns said we would go in and have 
an old-fashioned love feast. By this time the house was 
filled with people, curious to see what w^ould happen. We 
were about to begin when it was whispered that they w'ere 
"coming!" I turned to Bro. Burns and advised him to dis- 
miss and let the people disperse. Just then the mob rode 
up and formed in front of the church. Bro. Burns went 
through a window and got away. Bro. Hopkins was some 
distance away and saw the mob come. Morris, a local 
preacher, and myself were taken prisoners. We were led 
away into the woods, where they formed a guard around 
us and proceeded to read a set of resolutions. Bro. Morris 
told them that we had read the resolutions in the paper but 
tliat they did not apply to us. A Doctor Walker, who was 
the reader, then said : "\"ery good. The jury is now em- 
pan'.^lled and your case will be investigated. Bring on the 
tar and feathers!" They then proceeded with the "trial." 
Taking up Morris' case first, they demanded of him that he 


cease preaching in the county and warned him of the con- 
sequences if he persisted in it. Morris answered that he 
felt called of God to preach and that if he stopped the sin 
would be theirs. "Let the sin be ours," they replied, "the 
voice of the people is the voice of God." They then took up my 
case, and I overheard the remark in the crowd that "this one 
ought to be dealt with because he has not only violated 
the "Resolutions" but come from another county, right into 
our midst, when ordered not to preach in the county." A 
vote was taken upon releasing me and lost. I was then per- 
mitted to say a few words in defense. I told them I was 
not an Abolitionist in the sense they claimed, that I had al- 
ways lived in slave territory and had been loyal to the Con- 
stitution and laws of Missouri. After which the vote was 
reconsidered and by a small vote I was acquitted, on con- 
dition that I should not preach too near the line, coupled 
with a threat that if I did they would hang me to the first 
limb they came to. 

As for Hopkins and Burns, when we were led away there 
was no little excitement amongst the women, and their plead- 
ings could be heard a long way off. When the Elder and 
preacher heard and saw the commotion they started for the 
Platte hills. Upon reaching the river, the Elder constructed 
a raft upon which he placed his clothes and swam the river, 
shoving the raft before him. Landing safely he made his 
wa\- on foot to Weston, a town on the Missouri River, ob- 
tained a conveyance, went to the country and then to St. 
Joseph. Bro. Burns remained out until brought in, late at 
night. Finding me, we planned to take the Elder's rig and 
horse and get out at eleven o'clock that night. We passed 
through Platte City between midnight and day, arriving 
at the forks of Platte River as day dawned, where we waited 
at the house of Burke McComas, an old friend of the church 


and of our ministers, until some friends, with Bro. Burns' 
wife, came up. In the afternoon I left for home and con- 
tinued my work on the circuit till conference. 

My next appointment was Albany, Gentry county.' IMy 
assistant was Robert R. Witten, and on this charge we had 
considerable success, holding one camp meeting, at which 
the Lord visited his people. Rev. John M. Chivington was 
Presiding Elder.' There were four local preachers in the 
circuit, namely: Wm. Grantham, Rev. Johnson, Cubbage 
Needles and John Ross. 

Other Vfctims of Mob Violence 

One day while working on a church building at Albany, 
which I was striving to get enclosed. I was informed that 
Rev. Wm. Sellers and Rev. J. K. Chamberlin were in town, 
having been in the hands of a mob, were then on their way 
to Iowa, and wished to see me. They then related the sad 
story of their treatment by a mob at Rochester [Andrew 
county]. Bro. Sellers was in charge of the Rochester cir- 
cuit and had met with others for the purpose of holding a 
two days' meeting. Before the service commenced some ot 
the rabble went into the store building where the brethren 
had collected and shot Benjamin Holland dead. He was 
one of the stewards, and a good and faithful member of the 
church. They then dragged Bro. Sellers across the street 
to a barrel of tar where they covered him over, head, ears, 
eyes and clothing with the liquid. One of the crowd said, 
with an oath. "Don't put it in his eyes; he has only three 
minutes to get out of town." "Oh, well, I will put it in his 
nose, tar is good for the rot." And then placing his hat on 

'There is evidently an omission here of two years, as the Conference^ minutes 
of 18.53 show Joshua Bowman's appointment to Maryville Mission. Was likely 
at Oregon in 1854 and Albany in 1855. No conference minutes were preserved 
for those years. 

-Colonel Chivington was later famous in Colorado as Indian fighter. 


his head with a laugh said, "The wind will not blow it off." 
He was then placed on his horse and started down the 
street, blinded by the tar. Meeting Chamberlin, he was by 
him assisted to the Platte River, where he succeeded in 
clearing his eyes so that he could travel. They pushed on 
through Savannah to the home of Bro. Miller, where they 
prepared for the journey to Iowa. 

Conference was held this year [Oct. 8, 1856] at Hanni- 
bal, Bishop Baker presiding. I was reappointed to Oregon, 
with J. P. Buren as assistant. The time of holding con- 
ference was changed from fall to spring, giving us a year 
and a half on this charge. Nothing unusual occurred except 
that we continued to meet with persecution from the pro- 
slavery party. 

Conference convened at Hannibal [May 6, 1858], Bishop 
Janes in the chair. I was sent to Independence circuit, Ben- 
jamin Wilson, Presiding Elder. This year I left my family 
at Oregon, going home once a quarter, and though I la- 
bored faithfully and prayerfully, and held one camp meet- 
ing, the tide of opposition was so strong that little was ac- 

The next conference was held at St. Joseph [Apr. 27, 
1859], Bishop Levi Scott in the chair, when my name was 
read out for Jackson circuit. Southeast Missouri, my for- 
mer home. Samuel Hoffman was Presiding Elder. We 
made one protracted effort, assisted by the Elder at Old Mc- 
Kendree Chapel. F. S. Beggs, from Bloomfield, was also 
in attendance and preached with great acceptability. The 
result was many conversions and additions to the church, 
some from the M. E. Church, South. 

At the conference held at Macon City March 12, 1860, 
Bishop Ames presiding, I was appointed to Knoxville cir- 
cuit. Rev. Lathrop, Presiding Elder. Opposition to the 


church was now most bitter. The Presiding Elder was 
hanged and burned in effigy before his own door and com- 
pelled to quit the district, I was also obliged to leave the 
field, return to my home at Oregon and join the home 
guards for safety. 

The Star of the West was fired upon in Charleston har- 
bor, intense excitement prevailed and both sides began to or- 
ganize for war. Nothing remained for me but to locate. 

During the war, I remained at home, preached in the 
town on Sunday and worked in the shop at wagon-making 
the rest of the time. Toward the close of the war, I travel- 
ed the Rockport circuit under Elder T. B. Bratton, and 
after its close was readmitted to the conference [March 7, 

When the St. Louis Conference was created out of a 
portion of the Missouri Conference, my lot fell with the 
former, and my first appointment was Humansville, Polk 
county. After serving there two years, I located and re- 
turned again to Oregon. I then traveled East St. Joseph 
under Presiding Elder J. T. Boyle. 

My next move was to St. Deroin, Nebraska, where I trav- 
eled under Elder Prichard, and after two years went to 
Kansas, settling near Topeka. Moved thence in 1877 to 
Colorado, and am now sojourning at Pueblo, engaged in 
gardening and fruit growing. 

J. Bowman." 

Extract from Obituary of Joshua Bowman 

* * * He was ordained an elder in 1860, by Bishop Ed- 
v.ard R. Ames. Subsequently, he preached at appointments 
in Platte, Clay, Clinton, Buchanan, Gentry, Nodaway, Holt, 
Atchison, Jackson, St. Clair, Polk and Cape Girardeau 
counties, Missouri. His last active work was at St. De- 


roin, Nebraska. All through his ministry his saddlebags 
were full of our church publications, for sale and distribu- 
tion among our widely scattered membership. He was fond 
of laboring at camp and protracted meetings, and it was 
his privilege to witness the conversion of a multiude of 
souls. He endured patiently and unmurmuringly the va- 
ried hardships, privations and persecutions of those frontier 
and different fields, his trials being gladly shared by his 
noble and saintly wife. 

Down to his last year, Father Bowman would enthu- 
siastically narrate the particulars of his trials and triumphs 
in frontier experiences in the Methodist ministry. Few of 
his early pioneer clerical associates remain among the liv- 
ing ; but among the few surviving heroes is the intrepid and 
venerable J. M. Chivington, now residing at Denver, Colo- 
rado, between whom and Father Bowman was the bond of 
a long friendship. 

Since 1877, Father Bowman has lived in Colorado, seek- 
ing relief from chronic asthma. His sons, Charles W. Bow- 
man, Hon. Cyrus B. Bowman, Nelson Henry Bowman and 
Elliott B. Bowman, did all possible to render his closing 
years restful and happy. His translated wife fell asleep in 
Christ in July, 1891. His final illness covered a period of 
five months. He was in his eightieth year when God re- 
leased him from his sufferings. A righteous and long life 
is his memorial. He died serenely, Nov. 30, 1892. At his 
funeral, the Rev. S. V. Leech delivered an address, and he 
was buried with Masonic honors. 

"How well he fell asleep! 
Like some proud river widening toward the sea, 
Calmly, and grandly, silently, and deep, 
Life joined eternity." 

S. V. Leach. 
Pueblo, Colo., Dec. 12, 1892. 

60 bowman genealogy 

Reminiscences of Joshua Bowman 

As the foregoing pages treat almost exclusively of his 
career as a preacher, it seems proper that something be 
added relating to other phases of my father's life and per- 

In stature he was of medium height, probably five feet 
eight, and well proportioned. He was of fair complexion, 
with blue eyes and light brown hair. His habit for the 
greater part of his life was a clean-shaven face, varied late 
in life by side beard. Like most of the gentlemen of the 
old school, he shaved himself, and was habitually scrupu- 
lous concerning his toilet. 

Through heredity, and life on the farm, in a salubrious 
climate, he was endowed with a vigorous constitution, 
coupled with a nervous, energetic temperament. The exi- 
gencies of those times taught him self-dependence. Farm 
life involved not alone the planting of seed and following 
the plow, but building houses and barns, malting and re- 
pairing implements and generally the use of tools. The 
handicraft thus acquired served him well in later years. In 
Cape Girardeau county, Missouri, after leaving his father's 
home, he built two houses, felling the trees, hewing the logs 
and riving the shingles with his own hands ; at ISIuscatine, 
Iowa, he erected a frame dwelling house; at Oregon, Mis- 
souri, two, and in Colorado, two, one for a son and one for 
himself, being then past sixty-four years of age. Besides 
these houses many minor improvements were made in each 
case, as fences and outbuildings. He also took up the trade 
of wagon, carriage and implement wood worker, at which 
he labored before entering regularly into ministerial work, 
and after retiring therefrom. His love of the soil never for- 
sook him, and always at the places where he had a perma- 


nent dwelling there was a prosperous garden. The secrets 
of the soil were his, and whatever he planted seemed to 

In disposition, Father was unsuspecting and inclined to 
take his fellow men at their word. He was optimistic and 
enthusiastic, and enjoyed a good story in the telling or hear- 
ing. Nothing delighted him more than dispensing hospitality, 
and many were the weary pilgrims, particularly preachers, 
who found a welcome at his hearthstone. He was true to 
every obligation of life, as he apprehended it. His twenty- 
five years as a pioneer preacher, amidst dangers, persecu- 
tion, deprivations and poverty demonstrated that he was of 
that fiber of which martyrs are made. And in all this his 
saintly wife was in no respect behind him, suffering equally, 
if not more keenly. Necessarily left much alone with her 
children, often at isolated places, she maintained family 
worship, clothed, fed and trained her boys until some were 
able to help. 

An extract from a letter to his wife by Joshua Bow- 
man while on the Independence circuit, over a hundred 
miles from home, dated January 3, 1859, will afford a 
glimpse of a circuit rider's experiences. It reads : 

"The circuit is in a deplorable condition. In fact 
there are more whiskey Methodists here than I have 
seen for many years. I shall have to expel quite a 
number before any good can be accomplished. We 
protracted our quarterly meeting eight days without 
any perceivable good. The reports from the classes 
were all blank and the public collection amounted to 
$3.40, of which the Presiding Elder received $1.00, 
leaving $2.40. I happened to a marriage fee of $3.00, 
and I send inclosed $5.00. It is the best I can do, and 
if you cannot get along, just drop me a line and I will 
come home and suffer with vou. I have concluded to 


finish the Cedar Church, and think I can clear $100 on 
the job. The last quarterly meeting comes on the 19th 
and 20th of March, by which time I expect to have the 
house done, and then, perhaps, I can come home with a 
lighter heart. Write to me about everything. Tell me 
whether the house is comfortable or not, and whether 
you have anything to eat or drink. I close this letter 
praying that God may be your shield and portion.'' 

Father was a diligent student of the Bible, of Biblical lore 
and of history. He took a lively interest in public affairs, 
and in the great questions which occupied statesmen pre- 
ceding and after the Civil War. The subject of church 
polity and doctrine gave rise to much controversy in the 
early part of his career and naturally invited his attention 
and participation. 

When age and ill-health compelled him to retire from the 
ministry he felt keenly the fancied humiliation in being put 
by as of no further use, and was correspondingly pleased when 
called again to some temporary service. He was a suft'erer 
from asthma and heart trouble after quitting the ministry, 
but had seasons of exemption from suffering and took de- 
light during those years in meeting his children and grand- 
children, in reading and in caring for his garden. 

During his last days, his sufferings were most painful. 
The end came on the evening of November 30th, 1893, at his 
home in East Pueblo. Services were held the next day at 
the house by the Rev. Samuel V. Leach, pastor of the ]\feth- 
odist Church. His remains were escorted by members of 
Pueblo Lodge, No. 3 7, A. F. and A. M., to the Masonic 
Cemetery, where the burial ceremony was completed. 

c. w. B. 



{Grandson of Edzvard B.) 

The youngest surviving son of Shepherd Bowman, who 
went to Missouri with him, was WilHam J., who was born 
in Burke county, North CaroHna, April 1, 1817. He was 
married to Martha Conrad in Cape Girardeau county, Mo., 
about the year 1843. Four children resulted from this 
union, namely, Clara E., born ]81:-±; vSarah, 181:6; George, 
1819, and Charles. Clara became the wife, of Rev. W. A. 
Gale in 1866 and Mr. Gale died September 9, 1877. sur- 
vived by his wife, one daughter and two sons. 

Though he continued to live on a farm in Cape Girardeau 
county, William J. Bowman did not, it seems, take to it 
seriously as an occupation, but inclined more to literature 
and politics. He wrote some for the press and was a good 
letter writer, as the writer hereof has reason to know from 
a number received in his boyhood and still preserved. 

In the war of 1861, he was a strong adherent of the 
Union, though in a community about evenly divided, some 
of his own relations espousing the cause of secession. His 
life consequently was in great jeopardy during the war, his 
home being visited often by the guerillas who infested that 
region. He appears to have been enrolled with the local 
militia, which took him often from home but rendered him 
a marked man and his property their prey. Near the close 
of the war, 1864, he was elected to represent his district in 
the state senate, but died before taking his seat. 

An excerpt or two from his letters will serve to show 
the terrors of those times : 

"Oak Ridge, Mo., April 23, 1861 — I hear that hostiUties 
have commenced. The rebels of South Carolina are the 



beginners of the war. They have taken Fort Sumter, and 
caused that flag, the pride of every true American, respected 
by the civihzed world, under whose stars and stripes our 
brave countrymen have marched to victory in a thousand 
battles, to be hauled down and its silken folds trailed in the 
dust. When our country's flag is dishonored we feel the 
smart, and every latent spark of patriotism is kindled to a 
flame that will not be extinguished so long as one solitary 
flag continues to wave * * * and yet there are men in 
our country who are base enough to call the protection of 
the flag "giving aid and comfort to the Lincoln govern- 
ment," "giving backbone and claws to the administration 
programme," "fightin' for the North," "joining the Aboli- 
tionists," "warring against the institution of the South." 
All such language' is calculated to prejudice the minds of 
the people against their country and enlist their feelings on 
the side of rebellion. * * * 

"Dear Charles, let me give you a word of advice, as you 
are surrounded with an influence that might perchance in- 
jure you, that is, be careful. Be assured, we are not be- 
yond the power of corruption, nor our moral strength in- 
vincible against all temptation. * * * Heed the great 
injunction of our blessed Redeemer, 'Watch.' " 

"May 1, 1861. — Rev. John Linan was compelled to leave 
Jackson last week. He dropped me a line the day he left, 
informing me, and that he could not take his family, and that 
they had no meat in the house. Who are his persecutors? 
Why, the secessionists of every order. The secession prin- 
ciple is the principle of the mob. It is the principle that is 
propagated by "The News," the very principle that mobbed 

'Language quoted taken from the News, of Oregon, Mo., in the office of 
which the writer was then working as a printer. 


your father ; the principle that hung Rev. Anthony Bewley." 
Charles, are you not giving aid and comfort to the enemy? 
If I occupied your place I should feel like I was an ac- 
complice in treason against my country." 

"Appleton, Mo., July 6, 1864. — We are again troubled 
with guerillas. They have been in about half dozen times, 
stealing horses, robbing stores, etc., and for the last ten 
days have been killing union men. Some eight or ten days 
ago they killed a man a few miles south of Jackson, and 
shot at several others. Last Friday night they robbed 
George Turner's store, taking all he had. And last Sab- 
bath they were seen above here in Bollinger county, above 
Judge David R. Conrad's, making their way towards Per- 
ryville. The word was brought to the Presbyterian Church, 
where the people had assembled for Sabbath School. The 
men then went to get their arms, in order to pursue them. 
Old Mr. Burcham and Bennet Murray went to William 
Conrad's to get with others there. Soon after they arrived 
at Conrad's, one of his little boys saw two men riding down 
the State Road towards Perryville. And they, supposing 
it to be some of their neighbors in pursuit of the rebels, 
Mr. Burcham, Bennet Murray and Wm. Conrad's son 
James started to join in with them. Soon after they had 
passed Joseph Eddlemon's, on the State Road, they came 
up with four men, and still thinking them to be some of 
their own men, rode up to them unguarded and unprepared 
for an emergency. 

"The men proved to be four well armed rebels, with their 
weapons ready, who ordered them to surrender and give 
up their arms. Burcham and Conrad did so immediately. 

-See " A History of the M. E. Church in the S. W., 1844 to 1864." Charles 
Elliott, D. D. 


]\Iiirrav was a little reluctant to do so, or slow to give up his ; 
they told him if he did not, they would blow him through. 
?Te then gave up his. The rebs. then marched the three otf 
with them some distance. Coming to a very bushy place, 
they marched them into it, some distance from the road, 
and ordered them to dismount. Burcham and Conrad 
dismounted. They told Murray to dismount. He then put 
spurs to his horse, and attempted to make his escape. They 
pursued him, fired three shots after him, two of which took 
effect, killing him instantly. They took the other two pris- 
oners on some distance, soon took two other prisoners 
and released Burcham and Conrad. About one hour after 
Murray was found by some of the neighbors that had heard 
the shooting. He was brought to Joseph Eddlemon's and 
on Monday the fourth day of July, was buried at ]\Iount 
Pleasant meeting house." 




{Great-Grandson of Bdivard B.) 

Besides being in some degree embarrassing, our daily ex- 
])eriences go so largely toward the formation of character 
and motive as to render it difficult, if not impossible, to con- 
vey to the reader, in a short sketch, a true concept of one's 
real self. The trials, defeats and victories of school days; 
the joys of vacation rambles, fishing, nutting, climbing; the 
dreams of adolescence, trip to poetry-land, and the early 
affairs of the heart — can any of us write these down so as 
to show the moving picture to others as it appeared to him? 

1 was the oldest of the five sons of Rev. Joshua Bowman, 
and naturally we differed little in our experiences as the 
children of a faithful but poorly-paid pioneer circuit-rider, 
and of a mother who was a saint. Looking backward now 
at its hard deprivations, but with no thought of blame, it 
appears in its material aspects a forlorn hope. But it was 
a school which trained for self-reliance, and, because of the 
heroic part of the chief actors therein, I would not change 
it if I could. 

Following school days, at the age of seventeen, I was 
given a country school for the term of three months, and 
following this entered the office of the Holt County News, 
Oregon, Mo., as printer's devil. Probably this choice was 
the result of a tendency to bookishness and an aspiration 
to be a writer. It was understood that to be a journeyman 
printer and master of the art, one must serve three years 
and then do some traveling. I was able to "stick out" the 
three years to a day, which, having begun August '^, 1858, 
projected into the opening months of the rebellion. The 


"Home Guards," who proved afterward to be Confed- 
erates, could be seen about this time drilling in the public 
square, the foreman of our office force among them. 

With the conflicting views prevailing at the time among 
friends and neighbors, and the circumscribe(;l outlook of a 
mere boy, the bitterly secession views of "The News," it 
was almost a question what was one's duty. The southern 
elementt was bold and outspoken, while the Union people 
were cautious and quiet. The situation was however re- 
lieved by the sudden arrival from St. Joseph, on a summer 
night, of a detachment of Union troops, who were found in 
the morning cooking their breakfast on the streets of Ore- 
gon. Needless to say, it was a spectacle which thrilled and 
gladdened the hearts of the Union people. 

A provisional state government having been formed by 
the Federals, there was organized what was known as the 
Missouri State Guard, for a term of six months. The men 
were armed and uniformed by the state but furnished their 
own horses. I went into Kimball's Regiment of this or- 
ganization on the 7th of October, 1861. The militia law of 
the time provided for third lieutenants, to which office I 
was chosen, but shortly after being elected as such in Cap- 
tain Walter's company it appears that the office was abol- 
ished. I was then appointed sergeant-major, serving the 
remainder of the enlistment. In the spring of 18G2, I re- 
enlisted in the Fourth Cavalry, Mo. S. M. \'ols., organized 
under Special Order No. 96, War Department, calling for 
ten regiments of cavalry for service in the State of Mis- 
souri. George H. Hall of St. Joseph, a brother of Willard 
P. Hall, afterward Governor, and of Congressman William 
A. Hall, was the colonel. Captain Alfred Walters formed 
a comjwny for this regiment out of Holt county boys, my- 


self among them, many of whom had been with him in the 
six months' service. 

No detailed account of the service of this regiment can be 
given here ; it belongs rather to the history of the war. My 
own part was as private, corporal, hospital steward, ser- 
geant-major and first lieutenant and adjutant. Our service 
extended as far as Fayetteville and Huntsville, Arkansas. 
Our principal engagements were : Newtonia,^ Springfield," 
Marshall, Little Blue, and Osage,^ the last three in repelling 
Gen. Sterling Price. In this campaign, just before the bat- 
tle of Big Blue, I was assigned to duty as A. A. Adjutant 
General of Col. Phillip's brigade. The regiment was mus- 
tered out at St. Louis, April 18, 1865. 

Returning to the home of my parents at Oregon, where 
I had learned the printer's trade, after a few days of rest, 
I began plans for establishing a newspaper. For this pur- 
pose some second-hand material was bought of K. G. 
Cooper, the state printer at Jefferson City, and the re- 
mainder at the St. Louis Type Foundry, and on June 'M\ 
1865, the first number of the Holt County Sentinel ap- 
peared. The eft'ort was kindly received and its defects 
charitably excused. It must have been largely due to the 
universal satisfaction over the return of peace. At the be- 
ginning, I had a capable assistant in my brother Cyrus ; we 
worked hard, early and late, and were rewarded with suc- 
cess from the start. It was unfortunate, perhaps, that I 
could not let well enough alone. After four years an oft'er 
came from some ambitious people at Sedalia, who wished a 
daily paper there, and who made fair promises of the neces- 
sary financial aid. I was advised by them to dispose of my 
Holt county possessions right away, which I did. For their 

'Greeley's American Conflict, vol. ii , p. 36-7; (") p. 447; ('') p. 559, et seq. 
Also Records of the Rebellion, Vol. 43, Series I, 41, 1. 


part, the promoters failed ; only about half the necessary 
capital was taken, and I declined to go on with the under- 
taking. Instead thereof. I bought a plant at Pleasant Hill 
and began the publication of The Leader. The town had 
just passed through a boom, and was entering upon a de- 
cline, though the country was prosperous, and we had fair 
success. ^I}- brothers George and Nelson rendered valuable 
aid in this enterprise. Then came an unlooked for stroke 
of misfortune in the illness and death of my young wife, 
leaving three small children. 

In the spring of 1878, came a call to go to Colorado, and 
in this case from men who redeemed their promises. The 
Leader equipment of type, presses and material was loaded 
into a Missouri Pacific car for Sargent, the then western 
terminus of the Santa Fe road. Arriving there, the outfit 
was loaded into wagons and freighted to Las Animas, near 
Fort Lyon, Colorado, a distance of sixty-five miles. There 
a new adobe house had been erected for our use, and there, 
sometime in June, was issued the first number of the Las 
Animas Leader. It met a warm welcome from the cattle- 
men, who were the kings at that time, likewise from business 
men. The subscription price was three dollars, but nobody 
seemed to mind that, as everything else was in proportion. 
My brother Nelson was my faithful assistant. Our parents 
joined us. I was able to secure a large tract of public land 
within walkmg distance of town and on this was erected a 
comfortable home which my parents, myself and children 
occupied together. Thus things went on prosperously for 
nine years. It seems unfortunate, perhaps, that again I was 
not content to let well enough alone. 

In the spring of 1882. I sold out my Bent county prop- 
erties and went to Pueblo, where I opened business in a 


modest way as a job printer. Feeling the need of an ad- 
vertising medium, a small commercial paper soon followed, 
which was later, at the instigation of the Stockgrower's As- 
sociation, enlarged to include live stock and agriculture. 
After six years of fairly successful business, the job depart- 
ment was sold, and the newspaper was first leased and then 
sold. My living expenses and the cost of operation were 
more than the business would sustain. I had been elected 
Secretary of the Pueblo Board of Trade Association, to 
which I gave my entire time from 1888 to 1891. In the 
latter year, on the initiative of newspaper friends, my name 
was brought forward for county superintendent of schools 
on the Republican ticket. I was nominated and elected. 
Having filled the same position in Bent county, and that of 
school director, I was somewhat familiar with the work and 
entered upon it with enthusiasm. The salary was $2,500 a 
year. I was twice re-elected, serving six years. During 
my second term woman suffrage became the law in Colorado 
and at the third -nominating convention I was opposed by 
five female candidates. The time seemed opportune for 
dropping out, not because of the improbability of a re-elec- 
tion, but because of the increasing campaign expenses, the 
fact that no one could expect to hold an elective office in 
perpetuity, and of a desire to return to my chosen vocation 
before it was too late. So making my best bow to the suf- 
fragettes, at the end of my third term I retired. 

Within a few days of the expiration of my last term, I 
accepted the editorial and business management of the 
Canon City Clipper at a salary of $1,500. The paper had 
been bought by a stock company to be run as an organ of 
the Democrats, Populists and Silver Republicans, who had 
formed a Fusion Party as against the regular Republicans. 


It was a delicate role, but we won out. I served two years 
at this wretched business, which also included a city cam- 
paign on the saloon license question. 

In the meantime, the date for taking the twelfth decen- 
nial census drew near. There was a call for clerks at Wash- 
ington, to be selected without respect to political affiliation, 
a condition which seemed peculiarly adapted to my case. 
A Populist congressman kindly put me on his list; I was 
appointed and ordered to report, but the salary named 
caused me to hesitate, until assurance by said congressman 
that I would surely be advanced. So, knowing nothing of 
life in Washington, or the ways of the civil service, in July, 
1900, I began work in the Census Office at $900 a year, 
which after a few weeks was raised to $1,000. I found 
myself unable to live and take care of my family with this 
income and began to draw upon the savings of previous 
years. What was at first a temporary bureau was made 
permanent by act of Congress, and what was at first sup- 
posed would be a temporary pleasure excursion to Wash- 
ington has extended now into and through another census 
period. The living expense, coupled with meagre salary 
deprived me of the means of returning to private business. 
and so, like some thousands of my fellowmen, I have sta) ed 
on. After eight years there was another increase of salary. 
which, supplemented by my pension, has rendered existence 
more tolerable. 

Shortly after starting business in 1865, or, to be exact, 
on the 11th of September, at Sedalia, Mo., I was married to 
Aliss Henrietta G. Morgan, she being eighteen years of age 
and recently from school at the convent of the Visitation, 
St. Louis. Three daughters were born to us during the 
brief period of our lives together. We named them Miriam 


v., Anna G., and Edna L. They were too young to realize 
the irreparable loss they suffered, as on Februai-y 3, 1871, 
the young mother's spirit left its mortal tenement for the 
immortal life beyond. Our second child died January 18, 
1880, being then twelve years old, less twelve days. After 
an interval of eleven years, on September 11, 1882; at Ve- 
vay, Ind., I was united in marriage with Mrs. Zellie R. 
O'Neal, nee Grisard. The issue of this union was two chil- 
dren, namely Isabelle and Reginald. Unfortunately, this 
second matrimonial alliance was destined not to last, but 
terminated in a legal separation in 1893. 

About the beginning of my business and domestic career, 
I became a Freemason in Oregon Lodge 139. Some years 
later, while a resident of Colorado, I was advanced to the 
Chapter, Council and Commandery degrees, and in the last 
body was honored with the office of Eminent Commander of 
Pueblo Commandery, No. 3, K. T. 

One other exhibit from this record of my private life 
seems proper, as revealing the motif of it all, namely, my 
religious convictions. Though born and bred a Methodist, 
I did not formally become identified with the church until 
about three years after my first marriage, and this relation 
has continued until the present. I became actively inter- 
ested in Sunday school work about the year 1870, which 
has also been maintained until the present writing. I am 
painfully conscious of many sins of omission and commis- 
sion in these years, nor would I bring this into my personal 
history except for the few who may wish to cherish what 
they have deemed worthy in me. May I be pardoned for 
saying further, by way of review and looking back, as well 
as forward, that however worthy my career as a soldier, 
or in newspaper work, or in official life, I value above them 
all my humble record as a Sunday school man. 


{Great-grandson of Edzvard B.) 

Cyrus Benton, second son of Joshua Bowman, was bom 
in Cape Girardeau county. Mo., February 7, 1842. When 
he was about four years of age his parents moved to Mus- 
catine, Iowa, and thence, five years later, to northwest Mis- 
souri, where he grew to manhood, enjoying such educa- 
tional advantages as prevailed in the rural districts of that 
state at that early day. At the age of sixteen, or in the 
fall of 1858, his parents then living at Oregon, Holt county, 
Mo., he went to White Cloud, Kansas, and entered the of- 
fice of the White Cloud Chief for the purpose of learning 
the printer's trade. With the exception of a brief interval 
on the News, of Oregon, Mo., he continued at the White 
Cloud office until the beginning of the war. 

He w-as enrolled May 28, '1861, at Leavenworth, Kansas, 
and on June 3, 1861, mustered into the U. S. service as 
private in Company B, First Regiment Kansas Volunteers, 
Lieut. Bond, U. S. A., the mustering officer. George W. 
Dietzler, Colonel, and W. Y. Roberts, Captain. The regi- 
ment was among the first to go to the front, and partici- 
pated in the battles of Dug Springs, August 1st, and of 
Wilson's Creek, southwest Missouri, August 10, 1861. As 
a result of the hardships of this campaign his health was so 
impaired that he was upon surgeon's certificate of disabil- 
ity discharged September 21, 1861, at Hannibal, Mo. Re- 
gaining his health in some measure by November ."ith of 
that year, he enlisted at Oregon, ]\Io.. and was mustered in 
as a private in Company F, Kimball's Regiment (Fifth) of 
six months Missouri Militia, serving until March. 1862. 
Upon discharge he re-enlisted in Captain Alfred Walter's 
Company F. Fourth Regiment M. S. M A^ols., to serve dur- 




ing the war. During this term of service he was appointed 
sergeant, 30th September, 1862, by Col. George H. Hall, and 
later advanced to first sergeant, serving as such until muster 
out in x\pril, 1865. He participated, with his regiment, in 
the campaign of General Schofield, pursuing the rebel Gen- 
eral Hindman into Arkansas, in October, 1862 ; was at the 
battle of Springfield, January 8, 1863, and the various en- 
gagements with Price's army during his raid of 186-J:. Just 
preceding the expiration of his service in the Fourth Cavalry 
M. S. M., he was commissioned first lieutenant in the Pettis 
County Provisional Company of Enrolled Missouri ]\Iilitia, 
which was declined. In the latter part of 1865, having re- 
turned home, he was commissioned first lieutenant and en- 
rolling officer for Holt county, and enrolled twelve com- 
panies, composing the Holt County Regiment, assisted by 
Lieut. Robert P. Ruley, as clerk. Following this work he 
was detailed as inspector general. 

The foregoing is a mere skeleton account of the military 
career of Cyrus Benton Bowman. What the service really 
was — its perils, its horrors, its wearisome marches, its sum- 
mer dust and heat and winter blasts, only those who felt 
them may know, and few remain to tell the story. 

Following his military service, Mr. Bowman engaged in 
newspaper work on the Herald and Gazette at St. Joseph, 
Mo., in the position now of foreman, now as commercial 
and as night editor. In this capacity he came in touch with 
several of the veteran newspaper men of that time and place 
in the persons of John L. Bittinger, Charles B. Wilkinson, 
Howard R. Hetrich, Tobe Mitchell, 'Gene Field and D. W. 
Wilder. This employment, including six months at War- 
rensburg, Mo., occupied him until February, 1882, when he 
went to Hiawatha, Kansas, and with George T. Williams 
established the Kansas Democrat. In 1885, April, he went 


to Colorado, where he has since resided. In the latter state 
he did editorial work at La Junta, Pueblo and Walsenburg, 
covering the period up to the fall of 1890, when he was 
elected as representative from Huerfano county to the Col- 
orado legislature. As a member of that body, he was in- 
strumental in pushing to a successful passage some of the 
best measures that came before it. Following his servdce in 
the House, he was nominee of the People's Party for the 
state senate for the Twenty-seventh district, but was de- 

During the period following his newspaper and political 
work, Mr. Bowman has been engaged for the most part in 
the alluring game of mining, but with only "indifferent suc- 
cess." His residence at the same time has been at La Veta. 
and his field of operations the mountains adjacent. 

He was married to Mary E. Pearcy, at St. Joseph. Mo., 
January ]0, 1869, and as the fruit of this union two sons 
and a daughter were born — Lucian Webster, born in 1870, 
who died at twenty-eight ; Ra}'mond S., born January 8, 
1872, who became a printer and then a soldier, going to the 
Philippines, where he has since risen to a lieutenancy in the 
Philippine Scouts; the daughter, Edith, born January 14, 
1874, taught in the rural schools of Colorado, went to 
Washington, D. C, engaged in clerical work and was there 
married, July 18. 1904, to Joseph T. Kelly, Jr., since which 
time they have lived at Baltimore. The mother of the above- 
named children died December 1, 1873, and their father 
was married the second time, July 21, 1889, to Rebecca Es- 
tella Kenwill, of Hamilton county, N. Y. These two still 
sojourn in that land of the turquoise sky, the blue spruce 
and the columbine, journeying on toward the setting sun, 
confident in their trust in the God of their fathers and 






(Great-grandson of Bdzvard B.) 

The third son of Joshua Bowman to attain manhood wa? 
George Bryant, named after a son of Groves, whose Hfe 
sketch appears on a preceding page. Following the example 
of his two older brothers, he took up the printer's trade, 
working for some time at St. Joseph and at Pleasant Hill. 
Mo., later engaging in publishing on his own account, suc- 
cessively at Forest City, Mo., Elmwood, 111., and Lathrop, 
Mo., finally bringing up at Pueblo, Colorado, where other 
members of the family had preceded him, and where he 
shifted to the occupation of florist. He was married No- 
vember 8, 1870, at Oregon, Mo., to Emma Murphy, by 
which union two children were born : Arthur, January 13. 
1873, at St. Joseph; .Mary Ethelyn, at Lathrop, Mo.. May 
25, 1877. 

Upon the occasion of his death the following notice 
appeared in the Pueblo Chieftain of December 19, 1891, and 
will appropriately complete the brief story of his strenuous 
and eventful life : 

■'Mr. George Bryant Bowman, whose death, as chronicled 
in yesterday's Chieftain, occurred at Warrensburg, Mo., on 
the 17th instant, was born in Cape Girardeau county, same 
state, March 25, 1846, and was a son of Rev. J. Bowman, 
who resides at 912 East First street, this city. 

Deceased lived during most of his boyhood and early man- 
hood at Oregon, Mo., and from that place enlisted in the 
volunteer service when only about seventeen years of age. 
He served for a time in the Fifth M. S. M. Cavalry, and 
later, till the close of the war, in the Forty-fifth Missouri 
Infantry. After the war, for the most part of his life, he 
worked at the printing business, establishing a number of 


papers, and doing considerable correspondence work for 

His special taste, however, was for flowers and plants, and 
for five years past he had been engaged in the greenhouse 
business. He was at the time of his death a stockholder 
and manager for the Pueblo Nursery and Floral Company, 
and to his energy Pueblo is indebted for much that is beau- 
tiful in the way of lawns and landscape work. Pie was an 
enthusiast in whatever he undertook, and strove to inspire 
others with his own convictions and conceptions of beauty. 
He was one of the promoters of the Pueblo Horticultural 
Society, and a regular exhibitor at the State Fair, and not 
only by example but by word and through the press en- 
deavored to awaken public interest in horticulture and kin- 
dred subjects. Probably his last contribution in this line 
was a paper read before the Horticultural Society on "How 
to Build a Green House." 

He was a sufferer from rheumatism and heart disease, 
and when medical skill could do nothing more for him, on 
the advice of his physicians he sought relief in a lower alti- 
tude and stn]3ped at Warrensburg. On his journe\' and dur- 
ing his sojourn there he was attended by his brother Xelson. 
The members of the G. A. R. of that place also shovv-ed a 
most fraternal spirit, watching nightly by his bci-idc till 
the end. As mentioned yesterday, it intended that his 
remains should be brought home for interment, but later 
advice was that owing to condition, the burial must take 
place there. 

Life's fitful fever is over with him. His grave will be 
kept green by his comrades. His memory will be sacredly 
cherished by those who knew how useful, how large-hearted 
and true he was." 


ASTOft. t 





{Great-grandson of Edzvard B.) 

The fourth son of Joshua Bowman to reach his majority 
was Nelson Henry, named for Rev, Nelson Henry, the 
Methodist minister who officiated at the wedding of his 
parents. He was born at the old Leroy Carter place, Platte 
county, Mo., where his father then had his first appoint- 
ment, December 22, 1851. His boyhood was spent in north- 
west Missouri, mostly at Oregon, and included the period 
of the Civil War, Following the example of his older 
brothers, but against their advice, he took up the printing 
and newspaper business, for which he developed a special 
aptitude. He was a faithful assistant to his brother Charles 
in his enterprises at Pleasant Hill, Mo., and L,as Animas 
and Pueblo, Colorado, covering the period from 18G9 to 
1888, Shortly following this he established the La Junta 
Tribune, and a paper at Las Animas called the Bent Coun- 
ty Democrat. Disposing of these properties, he returned 
to Pueblo and engaged in the mechanical department of the 
Daily Chieftain, in which capacity he completed a long, 
faithful and useful career. He was for several years presi- 
dent of Pueblo Typographical Union No. 175, has been a 
delegate to the International Union, and was anticipating 
attendance upon the international meeting, at Washington, 
when he was taken down with his last sickness. 

At twenty years of age, or to be more exact. August 38, 
1870, he was married at Forest City, Mo., to Miss Anna 



Pinkston, daughter of one of the pioneers of Holt county. 
Of this union three children were born, a daughter. Julia, 
who died in infancy, and two sons, namely, Joshua Lee, the 
older, who was born at Oregon, ]\Io., March 18. 1872, be- 
came a printer and linotype operator in the -office where his 
father worked, and was married October 9, 1904, to Mrs. 
M. L. Evans, of Savannah, Ga. Edward Spencer, the sec- 
ond son, was born at Las Animas. Colorado, January 15, 
1881 ; married August 14, 1901, to Miss Olive Longinotti, 
at Pueblo, and chose for his occupation that of a stationary 
engineer ; one child. Nina Mildred, was born to them. May 
25, 1903. 

In Nelson H. Bowman the family characteristics of hos- 
pitality and helpfulness were most conspicuous. He re- 
flected in a large measure the gentleness, patience and sym- 
pathy of his mother, as more than one of those who survive 
could testify. Such was his life, particularly in his riper 
years, that it could be truly said he was "not far from the 
Kingdom," and during his final orcleal the record is that he 
committed his spirit to the will of his Saviour. 

Upon the occasion of his death, w^hich occurred Novem- 
ber 28, 1903, the Pueblo Chieftain of the next day contained 
an extended tribute to his memory, and the Typographical 
Union passed appropriate resolutions. The following ex- 
tracts are reprinted from the Chieftain : 

"Death has again invaded the ranks of Colorado's pio- 
neers, this time carrying away a veteran editor and printer, 
Nelson H. Bowman, who for years has been associated with 
the typos of Pueblo. As a result of a siege of typhoid fever, 
which attacked him the latter part of June, he died yester- 
day afternoon at his home, 316 East Third Street. 


Until a few days ago hopes for his recovery were enter- 
tained, but the fever had made such inroads into his con- 
stitution that recovery was impossible. He died as bravely 
as he had lived, consistent to the views he entertained dur- 
ing his long and useful career. 

With his death a picturesque figure has been taken away 
from the newspaper world, and one of the advance guard of 
higher civilization in Colorado has been removed. Coming 
to the state more than 30 years ago, he was from then until 
the day of his death numbered among the progressive spirits 
which made Colorado and the Arkansas Valley what they 
are today. Bringing west with him a broad knowledge of 
his craft, printing, he soon made himself a power in the then 
new community and during his career as editor he was 
faithful to the old ideals of newspaperdom. 

Later he turned again to his craft, and for the last twelve 
years of his life was foreman of the ad. room of the Chief- 
tain. For many years he was "daddy" of the Chieftain com- 
posing room "chapel," which is an honor accorded by the 
printers to the most worthy and trusted of their number, 
Wholesouled, generous, broad minded and lovable, his death 
will be mourned by all who knew him. 

There are many who are not now in Pueblo who will re- 
member most kindly the daddy of the Chieftain chapel. 
These are the wanderers of the Typographical Union known 
as the ''tourist printers." Many of them will remember that 
in "Old Nels" they found a friend ever ready to give them a 
helping hand and a "sit" w^hereby they might rid themselves 
of the "wrinkles." Nels is gone, but not before he had 
builded to his memory monuments without number in the 
hearts of his friends." 



(Great-grandson of Edzvard B.) 

The above name represents the youngest son of Joshua 
Bowman, but to such an extent has he indulged a natural 
instinct for changing his abode, that httle has been learned 
of his career. He was born at the town of Albany, Gentry 
county, Missouri, June 17, 1856. After leaving home he 
was heard from at various places in Kansas and Missouri, 
and took up the trades of plasterer and paper hanger. He 
was married January 23, 1875, to Mary E. Johnson, of 
Andrew county, Mo. From this union a son, Charles Nel- 
son, was born at Savannah, Mo., July 9, 187(3. In later 
years he has been heard from in California and in Colorado, 
but at this writing his address is unknown. 



{Graiidfatlter of Elizabeth, who married Joshua Boivman) 

Of this ancestor little is known beyond what is given in 
the affidavit made by him in his application for pension. 
His brother, the Rev. William Spencer, was the maternal 
grandfather of Joshua Bowman, while he was himself the 
paternal grandfather of Elizabeth M., who became Joshua 
Bowman's wife. 

From papers on file in Pension Bureau. Washington, the 
following is copied : 

Affidavit of Benjamin Spencer. 
State of North Carolina./ 

Burke County. 


On this 28th day of January. 1834, personally appeared 
in open court, before the worshipful County Court of Burke 
county, in the State aforesaid, Benjamin Spencer, of the 
County of Lincoln and State of North Carolina, aged 73 
years, doth on his corporal oath say, that he entered the 
service of the United States under the following named of- 
ficers: Capt. Godfrey Adams, in South CaroHna State 
troops, in the cavalry, for ten months, in Colonel Middle- 
ton's regiment No. 2d; Adjutant Lusk; 1st Sergt. Morris 
Raney ; mustering sergeant. John Bates. 

At the time he entered service was a citizen of Burke 
county. North Carolina, and that he entered either in the 


year 1779 or 1780, and was forthwith marched to and ren- 
dezvoused at Ransom's, near Lincohi, N. C, from which 
place he was marched to Ancrum's on Congaree, in South 
CaroHna, where he joined General Sumter's army, remain- 
ing there for some time, until ordered on a scouting party 
under Capt. Waters, during which several scouts he was in 
two engagements with Tories. The first was on the Saluda 
river in South Carolina ; the second was on Edisto river, 
S. C, where the American Army was fired upon out of a 
swamp, at which time Captain Lipham was killed. Con- 
tinued his service without any further engagements, some- 
times with the main army and sometimes scattering, until 
the battle of Eutaw Springs, at which place he joined Gen. 
Greene's army, and was placed in the front of the battle on 
the left flank and continued in pursuit of the British Army 
to the Bull Swamp, from which place he was marched to 
what is called the Four-holed-Bridge, 40 miles from Charles- 
ton, S. C, at which place he was in garrison part of the 
winter, until marched to Orangeburg, S. C, at which place 
he was discharged by Major John Moore. 

Previous to aforesaid service, was for three months a 
volunteer in North Carolina militia, under Capt. INIordecai 
Clarke. Lt. John Richardson, Ensign Wm. Cauley, Colonel 
Joseph McDowell's regiment, by w^hom. with Major Bre- 
vard, he was marched to Twelve-Mile Creek in S. C, and 
there joined the brigade commanded by General William 
Davidson. Remained there until he was ordered to join 
General Greene's army. Remained with said army until or- 
dered to the Tuskagee Ford, on the Columbia [ ?] river, 
N. C, to impede the march of Lord Cornwallis. He there 
was under the aforesaid General Greene [from] which serv- 
ice he was transferred to Warlord's Fort, in Burke county, 


to protect the frontiers of said state from the depredations 
of the Cherokee Indians, under Colonel Warford. At this 
place served the remainder of his term. 

At the expiration of term again volunteered to serve an- 
other tour in said fort, was furloughed to go home and re- 
turn again shortly to the fort. On his road home met with 
Capt. Godfrey Adams, and enlisted as stated in first part 
of this declaration, in consequence of which he received no 
discharge from his first term of service. 

Signed and sworn to. 

Benjamin Spencer. 

Service certified to by Major John Moore. 


Out of the mass of information accumulated in this in- 
vestigation the items following have been selected as worthy 
of preservation because of their corroborative value, and in 
the belief that they will be useful to others. For example, 
there can be little doubt that the Gilbert Bowman men- 
tioned in No. I was related to the Gilbert, brother of Ed- 
ward, who went to North Carolina ; or that the Abraham 
Bowman, appointed Lieutenant-Colonel of the Eighth \^ir- 
ginia Regiment (see III. IV and VI), was the same who 
became Colonel, and was the grandfather of John Bryan 
Bowman, of Kentucky (see VII). 


Amherst county was formed from a part of Albemarle 
county in 1761, previous to which date its records form a 
part of those of Albemarle, at Charlottesville. 

Nelson county was formed from part of Amherst in 1908. 

The father of the present Jas. Edw. Bowman, engaged in 
the banking business at Amherst, was Gilbert Bowman, born 
in Nelson county. This Gilbert Bowman lived at Wil- 
liamsburg, with his uncle, Sherod Bowman, for the purpose 
of attending school. He had an uncle named Gilbert and a 
third one named William. ■. This Gilbert B., first mentioned 
above, came to Amherst county and married Elizabeth Tins- 
ley, daughter of Isaac Tinsley. 





The conveyances following are of interest as showing 
transactions of Edward Bowman and introducing others of 
the family, whose exact relationship has not been dis- 
covered : 

Book A, p. 325 : Wm. Blair and his wife to Edward Bow- 
man, — day of February, in the third year of the reign of 
our Sovereign Lord, George the Third, by the Grace of 
God, of Great Britain. France and Ireland, King, Defender 
of the Faith, etc., and the year of our Lord Christ, 17G4. 

William Blair, and his wife, of the county of Albemarle, 

To Edward Bowman, of the county of Amherst. 

Consideration, forty pounds. 

150 acres of tract of land granted to Michael Thomas, 
by patent, bearing date the 10th day of July, 1745, etc., ly- 
ing in the county of Amherst on the south side of the Rock- 
fish River, etc. 

Witnessed by Wm. Bowman. David Burks, Drury Bow- 

Book C, p. 459 : W^m. Hix, of county of Amherst to Ed- 
ward Bowman, county of Amherst. Date, 7th of Dec, 177'2. 

Consideration, i65, current money of \'a. 

138 acres in the county of Amherst, in the branches of 
Huff's Creek, and on the east side of the Tobaccomon Mts., 
being part of a tract of 276 acres which Henry Childers 
purchased of Wm. Cabell, etc. 

Book D, p. .'377 : Edward Bowman to Ralph Jopling : 
This indenture made this 7th day of October, in the year 
of our Lord Christ, 1776, betwixt Edward Bowman, of the 
county of Amherst, of the one part, and Ralph Jopling, of 


the county of Albemarle, Parish of St. Anns, of the other 
part, witnesseth, etc. * * * 

Consideration, twenty pounds of the current money of Va. 

A certain tract or parcel of land, containing 117 acres, 
on the branches of the Tribble Falls and Dutch Creeks. 
Signed, Edward Bowman. 

Book D, p. 394: Edward Bowman to Wm. Goolsbey, of 
Amherst : 

Same form as above, dated 3d day of Feb., 1777. 

Consideration, seventy pounds. 

138 acres, on the waters of Huff's Creek, and on the east 
side of the Tobaccomon Mountains, and is part of a tract 
of 27G acres, which Henry Childers purchased of Wm. Ca- 
bell, etc. 

Book E, p. 174: Edward Bowman to Wm. Bowman. 

Dated 6th clay of Sept., 1779. 

Same form as first above. 

Granted : Wm. Bowman, of the county of Albemarle and 
Parish of St. Anns. Consideration, iSOO current money of 

150 acres in Amherst county, on the south side of the 
Rockfish river, etc. 



[From Campbell's History of Virginia. Petersburg, 1813, 
p. 167, et seq.] 

At a convention at Richmond in July, 1775, for the pur- 
pose of organizing a provincial form of government and 
plan of defense for the Colony. The latter was placed in 
the hands of a Committee of Public Safety. * * * In 


addition to the two regiments already in service the conven- 
tion determined to raise seven more for the defense of the 
Colony. The following gentlemen were chosen as field of- 
ficers to the troops to be raised : 

Third Regiment, Colonel, Hugh Mercer; Lt. Colonel, 
George Weedon ; Major, Thomas Marshall. 

Fourth Regiment, Colonel, Adam Steven ; Lt. Colonel, 
Isaac Read ; Major, R. Lawson. 

Fifth Regiment, Colonel, William Peachy; Lt. Colonel, 
William Crawford; Major, J. Parker. 

Sixth Regiment, Colonel, Mordecai Buckner ; Lt. Colonel, 
Thomas Elliott; Major, J. Hendricks. 

Seventh Regiment, Colonel, William Dangerfield ; Lt. 
Colonel. Alexander McClanahan; Major, William Nelson. 

Eighth Regiment, Colonel, Peter A-Iuhlenburg ; Lt. 
Colonel, A. Bowman; Major, P. Helvinstone. 

Ninth Regiment, Colonel, Thomas Flemming ; Lt. Colonel, 
George Matthews ; Major, M. Donavon. 


[From a Historical Register of officers of the Continental 
Army, by F. B. Heitman, Washington, 1838.] 

First N. J. jMajor Nathaniel Bowman, IHh of February, 
1783, to April, 1783. 

Seventh Va. Col. Daniel Morgan, 14:th Sept., 1778, to 
13th Oct., 1780. 

Eighth Va. Lt. Col. John Bowman, 1st March, 1776, to 
22d Mch., 1777. 

Eleventh Va. Col. Danl. Morgan, 11th Nov., 1776, to 
14th Sept., 1778. 


Bowman, Abraham (N. ].), Lieutenant 2d New [ersey, 
2;th March, 1780; retired 1st January, 1783. 

Bowman, Abraham (Va.), Lieutenant-Colonel, 8th Vir- 
ginia, 1st March, 177G; Colonel, 22d March. 1777 to . 

Bowman, Isaac (Va.). Lieutenant and Quartermaster of 
Colonel Clark's Illinois Regiment, May. 1779; taken pris- 
oner by Indians in November, 1779; sold by them to a 
trader, carried to New Orleans and Cuba; escaped and re- 
turned to Mrginia. 

Bowman. Isaac (Va.), Major of Colonel Clark's Illinois 
Regiment; killed by Indians at Fort Patrick Henry, I4th 
August, 1779. 

Bowman. Joseph (N. C), Captain 1st North Carolina, 
18th September, 1776; killed at the siege of Charleston, 10th 
April, ] 780. 

Bowman, Joseph (Va.). Major of a Virginia State Regi- 
ment, 1778 to 1781. 

Bowman. Joshua (N. C), Second Lieutenant 1st North 
Carolina, 1st September. 1775; 1st Lieutenant, loth Novem- 
ber, 1775; Captain. 5th February, 1777; killed at Ramseur's 
Mill, 20th June. 1780. 

Bowman, Nathaniel ( N. J.), Second Lieutenant 2d New 
Jersey, 11th November, 1775; 1st Lieutenant, 10th May, 
1776; Captain, 11th April, 1777; Major 1st New Jersey, 
nth February, 1783, and served to April, 1783. 

Bowman, Phineas (Mass.), First Lieutenant and pay- 
master 15th Massachusetts. 1st January, 1777; Captain. 
19th April. 1779; transferred to 5th Massachusetts, 1st Jan- 
uary, 1781. and served to close of war. 

Bowman, Samuel (Mass.), Ensign 3d Massachusetts, — , 
1780; transferred to 1st Massachusetts 1st January, 1781; 
Lieutenant, 22d April, 1782, and served to close of war. 
Died 28th Tune. 1818. 


Bowman, Solomon (Mass.), First Lieutenant of Gard- 
ner's Massachusetts Regiment, May to December, 1775; 1st 
Lieutenant, 25th Continental Infantry, 1st January to 31st 
December, 177(;. Died 1st July, 1823. 

Spencer, Gideon (Va.), Lieutenant of a Virginia State 
Regiment, ]778 to 1781. 

Spencer, John (Va.), Lieutenant of a Virginia State Reg- 
iment, 1778 to 1781. 

Spencer, Joseph (V^a.), Captain 7th Virginia, May, 1776; 
resigned 14th November, 1777; died 20th August, 1829. 

Spencer, Thomas (Va.), Second Lieutenant 4th Vir- 
ginia, 23d February, 1776 ; 1st Lieutenant, 28th September, 
1776 ; resigned 30th July, 1778. 

Spencer, WilHam (Va.), Ensign 8th Virginia, 25th Sep- 
tember, 1779, and served to 1780. 


[From Safel's Records of the Revolutionary War.] 

Under the heading "A List of Pensioned Officers" ap- 
pears the name of Solomon Bowman, Lieutenant, Middle- 
sex County, Mass. Died July 1st, 1823. 

Under the heading "Supernumerary Officers at the Ches- 
terfield Arrangement of the Virginia Line, February, 1781, 
Notes on the Services of Different Officers," appears the 
name of Lieutenant Isaac Bowman. (See under "Officers 
ofjthe Revolution." Heitman.) 

in u^i 




This George was the father of Colonel Abraham Bow 
man and great-grandfather of John Bryan Bowman, of 
Kentucky. He is thought to have been born about 1705, in u ^ ' 
Virginia. He was the father of seven sons and six daugh- ' ''"^ 
ters. His wife was Mary Hite, daughter of Isaac Hite, Sr., 
and their home was at Strasburg, Shenandoah county, Va. 

Of these children the following particulars have been ob- 
tained : 

Abraham, already described as colonel of the 8th Virginia 
Infantry, was married to Airs. Sarah Henry, widow of Wil- 
liam Bryan, of Virginia. She was born September 8, 1757, 
and died December 8, 1845. 

George, born April 27, 1732; died April 16, 1766. 

George, 2d, born March 24, 1747, Strasburg, Va. 

Jacob, born Jan. 2, 1733, Strasburg, Va. Removed to 
North Carolina. 

John, born Dec. 10, 1738, Strasburg, Va. Died, 1784, in 
Mercer county, Ky. He was the first Military Governor of 
the County of Kentucky. Left one son, who died a bachelor 
Oct. 17, 1724, in Kentucky. 

Joseph, major of the Continental Army, killed in battle 
with the Indians near Vincennes, Ind., Aug. 14, 1779, while 
serving under Gen. George Rogers Clarke. Born at Stras- 
burg, Va., March 8, 1752. 

Isaac, born April 24, .1757. 

:.;^ MBKABY 




The daughters were : Mary, who was married to Mr. 
Hannah ; EHzabeth, married to Isaac Ruddell ; Sarah, mar- 
ried to Mr. Wright; Regina, married to Peter Diarly; Re- 
becca, born March 25, 174:5; married to George Brinker; 
died Jan. 36, 1831 ; was grandmother of Joseph Brinker. late 
president of Brinker Institute, Denver, Colorado, and great- 
grandmother of Judge W. H. Brinker, of New ^^lexico. The 
sixth daughter was Catherine, born Nov. 1(5, 1754-, married 
to Lewis Stephens. 


This estimable gentleman was born at Bowman's station, 
Mercer county, Ky., October 16, 1824. He was the son of 
John Bowman, born near Lexington, 1787 ; who was the 
son of Abraham Bowman, Colonel of the 8th Virginia In- 
fantry in the War of the Revolution, and who was born at 
Strasburg, Va., October 16, 1749, and died near Lexington, 
Ky., November 9, 1837. Col. Bowman's grandfather came 
from Germany and settled in Virginia about 1680. 

Reverting to the subject of this sketch, he was the found- 
er and organizer, and chief executive financial officer ot 
Kentucky University, and the Kentucky Agricultural and 
Mechanical College for over twenty years. His home 
was at Lexington, but in 1887 he went to New Mexico for 
the benefit of his wife's health. While there he took an ac- 
tive part in promoting the industrial interests of the terri- 
tory. He was general manager of the Southern New Mex- 


ico Fair Association for two years, and won the esteem of 
the leading people of Las Cruces and adjacent country. In 
a letter dated xMeman, N. M., February 17, 1887, he says: 
"My grandfather, Col. Abraham Bowman, was a colonel 
in the Revolutionary War and a comrade of Daniel Boone 
in the early settlement of Kentucky. His brother, Col. John 
Bowman, was the county lieutenant of the County of Ken- 
tucky, or its first military governor, in command of all the 
forces in that county during the war, and I have his com- 
mission as such, signed by Patrick Henry, Governor of Vir- 
ginia, in 1776. My father studied law with Henry Clay, 
and was one of his life long friends." 



CENSUS OF VIRGINIA. 1782. '84 and -90. 





Bowman, William 

Bowman, John 

Bowman, William, Jr. 

Bowman, Drury 

Bowman, William 


Bowman. Robt 

Bowman, Royal.... 
Bowman, Thomas 

Frederick Bowman, Lewis.. 

Prince Edward... Bowman, John S. 

Shenandoah i Bowman, Sam'l . 

1 Bowman, Peter . 
i Bowman, David. 


Shenandoah Bowman, George 

I Bowman, George, Jr. 


CENSUS OF VIRGINIA. 1782, '84 and •90-Continueci. 




Hampshire . 




Bowman, Daniel 4 

Bowman, Drury 4 

Bowman, John 4 

Bowman, Pleasant 3 

Bowman, Bibby i 3 

Bowman, Bibby j 4 

Bowman, John 7 

Bowman, Thomas 6 

Bowman, Thomas 4 

Bowman, William 7 

Bowman, Charles 4 

Bowman, Benjamin . 
Bowman, Jacob, Jr.. 
Bowman, John 



Bowman, Benjamin 2 

Bowman, Daniel | 6 

Bowman, Daniel 6 

Bowman, David : i 6 

Bowman, George j 8 

Bowman, Henry ; 7 

Bowman, Isaac j I. 

Bowman, Jacob I 9 

Bowman, John j 7 

Bowman, John j 6 

Bowman, John 3 

Bowman, Peter j 5 

Bowman, Samuel | 5 

Bowman, Samuel 3 





Free White Males. 

Free White Females. 















a V 


B u 
















C 0} 


c £ 




Amelia County: 

Bowman, Elliza 

Augusta County: 

Bowman, Godfrey 






1 I 


Botetourt County: 

Baughmann, Henry 


Brooke County: 

Bowman, Robert 




Buckingham County: 


Fauquier County (Petersburg): 

Fauquier County: 

Bowman, Peter 








Franklin County: 









Hampshire County: 

1 . 






Henrico County: 

Bowman, Polly 



Montgomery County: 

Bowman, Joseph 

Nelson County: 














Powhatan County: 








Prince Edward County: 1 

Shenandoah County: i 





Bowman, Abraham 1 2 



NOTE. — Four heads of families in Shenandoah spelling their names Boman, and one head 
of family in Washington County spelling it Bomin are omitted. 





The census returns of Burke county, N. C. for the year 
1790, on file in the Bureau at Washington, contain the fol- 
lowing relating to the Bowmans : 

Edward Bowman, head of family ; males over sixteen, 1 ; 
females, all ages, 3 ; slaves, 3. 

Gilbert Bowman, head ^ males over sixteen, 1; males un- 
der sixteen, 2 ; females, all ages, 6. 

Daniel Bowman, head ; males over sixteen, 2 ; males un- 
der sixteen, 4; females, all ages, 5. 



The following items are from the original returns of Burke county 
N. C, for the year 1800, on file in the Bureau at Washington, D. C: 









































•0 e 



£ " 


















i 1 












" 1 


















Below will be found extracts from the original returns from Burke county. 
North Carolina, for the year 1810, on file in the Bureau al Washington, re- 
lating to Bowmans: 






2 i-e 

g i.S 







>. ' . 

























C til 

" S 











. ...1 


Sbepard Bowman 















From the census returns for Burke county, on file in the 
Bureau at Washington, D. C, for the year 1850, the fol- 
lowing is taken : 

Sherwood Bowman, head of family ; aged 52 ; occupa- 
tion, farming; born in North Carolina; real estate valued 
at $600 ; with Esther, his wife, aged 43 ; born in South Caro- 
lina. Children, with their ages, as follows : John, 22 ; Wil- 
liam, 20; George, 18; Elizabeth, 16; Anna, 14; Christian, 
12 ; Matilda, 9 ; James, 8 ; Eliza, 4 ; Jane, one-fourth year. 

[It is more than probable that the above-named refers to 
the eldest son of Sherwood Bowman, who was the son of 
Edward, and was a soldier in the Revolution.] 




Wendell Bowman emigrated from Switzerland to Hol- 
land, thence to Philadelphia, Pa., thence to Lancaster coun- 
ty, Pa. In an old history of Lancaster county it is said the 
first settlers of that county bought land of the government in 
1709 in the Pequa Valley, and among these settlers \\''endell 
Bowman is named. There he lived till his death. The date 
of his birth, death, or place of burial, are not known to his 
descendants now living. Sons of Wendell Bowman were : 

1. Christian, who lived in xA.lleghany Valley, Berks coun- 
ty, and whose family has owned the old place for fifty years. 
Had five sons. 

2. Peter, lived near same place. Some of his children 
went to Ontario. 

3. John, had three sons and four daughters. 

4. Jacob. 

5. Michael. 

6. Benjamin, went to Pittsburg previous to Revolutionary 
War, thence lost to knowledge. 

7. Joseph, went with Benjamin to Pittsburg, thence to 
Kentucky, after which trace was lost. 

Jacob, Christian and Wendell, sons of No. 1, lived and 
died in Berks county. Pa. Joseph, fifth son of Christian, 
lived in Berks county till 1816, when he moved to Canada, 
now Ontario. This Joseph had eight sons, namely: Jona- 
than, Christian, Joseph, John B., Samuel B.. VVendell. Elias 
and Benjamin, all of whom except Joseph, Elias and Ben- 
jamin remained in Ontario. Joseph died in Berks county. 
Pa. ; Elias lived in Kent count}-, Mich. 

There is a familv tradition that Wendell Bowman went 


from Switzerland to Holland and thence to France, whence 
owing to the persecution of the Protestants, he, with six or 
eight others, escaped by means of a small boat and finally 
landed in America. 

Foregoing is from Adam B. Bowman, of Johnson City, 
Tenn., a descendant of Wendell Bowman, through a Vir- 
ginia branch. 


There is living at Lowndesville, S. C, Air. William Luther 
Bowman, a farmer, born in 1855, married to Miss Lock- 
hart. He is the son of Alonzo Z., born 1828, member of 
Co. G, Nineteenth S. C. in the Civil War; died 1900. Alonzo 
was the son of Willis, a farmer, who was the son of Zach- 
eriah, a merchant, who is the earliest ancestor reported. 
This ancestor had two other sons besides Willis, whose 
names were Briggs Bowman and Col. Jeflf Bowman. So 
far as known "the family always lived on the Savannah 
River, at Bowman's Ferry, near Ruckersville, Ga." 


George D. Bowman, under date, Las Cru^s, New Alexico, 
April 26, 1887, furnishes a family chart showing his direct 
descent from Nathaniel Bowman, who was admitted as 
freeman at Watertown, Massachusetts Bay Colony. Oct. 19, 
1630, and this claim is corroborated by reference to Bond's 
Genealogies and Histories of Watertown, Mass. George 
D. was born at Wilkesbarre, Pa., March 11, 1827. He was 
the son of James Watson B., who was the son of Ebenezer, 


who was the son of Thaddeus, who was the son of Joseph, 
who was the son of Francis, who was the son of Nathaniel, 
as above. In this line a large number of collateral ancestors 
are given, showing that by this time the family must be 
wide-spread and numerous. George D. had two surviving 
sons, George R. and Henry D., reported as born at Min- 


As a guide to future investigators, below is given a list 
of cyclopedias with the names of Bowmans found therein 
who have not been accounted for in the foregoing pages : 

[Walford's County Families of the United Kingdom.] 

George Millar Boivman, Esq., F. R. C. I., son of Harry 
Millar B., Esq., of Logie, who died in 1884. Born 1848. 
Magistrate for the County of Fife. 

[Burke's Peerage, 1911.] 

Sir JVilliam Paget B., 2d Baronet of Jolwynds. born 25th 
September, 1845; barrister at law. 

[Lamb's Biographical Dictionary of the U. S.] 

Samuel B., assistant bishop. Protestant Episcopal Church 
for Pennsylvania; born ]\Iay 21, 1800, at Wilkesbarre, Pa., 
died August 3, 18Cil. 

Thomas B.. bishop. Methodist Episcopal Church; born 
July 15, 1817, at Berwick, Pa. 

[National Cyclopedia of American Biography.] 

Edzvard Morris B., musician; born July 18, 1848, at 
Bernard, Vt. 

y^ ADDENDA 103 

Alexander H. B., soldier; Lieutenant of Engineers; born 
]\Iay 15, 1803, at Wilkesbarre, Pa., died November 11, 1865, 

[Werner's American Supplement to Encyclopedia Britan- 


Sir William B., occulist; born at Nantwich, Eng., July 20, 

[Herringshaw's Encyclopedia of American Biography.] 

Francis C. B., soldier, lawyer, musician ; born December 
29, 1831, in New York City; died October 29, 1884. 

James Clayton B., educator; born June 11. 1862. near 
Roan Mountain, N. C. 

Obadiah B., congressman, serving 1851-53 ; born in New 

Sehvyn Z. B., lawyer, state senator, congressman; born 
May 11, 1840, at Charleston, Mass.; member of forty-sixth 
and forty-seventh congresses. 

Thomas B., merchant, congressman ; born May 25, 1848, 
at Wiscasset, Me. ; member of fifty-second congress. 

Thomas F. B., lawyer, clergyman; born May 22, 1857, in 
Rutherford county, N. C. 



[From a Complete Body of Heraldry. Joseph Edmonson. 
London, 1780.] 

Bowman [Hethleton in Dorsetshire], or, a chev. between 
three bows bent in pale gu. — Crest, on a staff reguled, 
couped, and erect ar. a quiver (or cafe) of arrows gu. the 
heads ar. buckled on the staff with a belt fa. 

Bowman [Wessingset in Norfolk], Ar. three bird bolts 
gu. headed or, and feathered of the first, two and one. — 


Crest a sword erect ar. hilt and pomel or; on each side of 
the blade, a demi annulet indented on the outside or, the 
half on the dexter side near the point, the other near the hilt. 

[As recorded in Guillim's Book of Heraldry, Gth Ed., p. 


Seymour Bowman, Or, a chevron between three bows 
bent and braced Gules, is borne by the name of Bowman, and 
was granted to Seymour Boiuman, of Salisbury, Esq. ; some- 
time barrister of Lincoln's Inn, (son of Stephen, son of IVil- 
liam, who was son of Thomas, all of Kyrkeszvald in the 
county of Cumberland) by Sir Edzvard Bysbe Clariencieux, 
Feb. IG, 1(396. 



[From the Book of Family Crests of Great Britain and 
Ireland. J. P. Elven, London, 1838.] 

Bowman. On the stump of a tree, proper, a quiver, vert, 
of arrows, gules, headed azure, suspended by a belt, sable 
(plate 88, No. 29). 

Bowman. Scotch, a demi-blackamoor (as plate 65, No. 
21) shooting an arrow from a bow (as plate 47, No. 22), 
all proper. 

Bowman. A stag, trippant, plate 37, No. 30, pierced on 
the shoulder with an arrow, as at No. 38, all proper. 



Abernathy, Rev. Alexander 32 

Adams, Capt. Godfrey, Revolutionary War 83 

Addenda 86-104 

Amiierst County, Va., Memoranda 86 

Asbury, Francis, preaches in North Carolina 50 

Bates, John, Mustering Sergeant, Revolutionary War 83 

Beggs, Rev. F. S 57 

Bellew, Joshua 32 

Bellew, Rebecca S 9, 39 

Bewley, Rev. Anthony, Martyr, mentioned 64 

Biggs , Eleanor Spencer 15 

Biographical Sketches 19-85 

Bowman, Agnes E., daughter of Caleb L 39 

Allen, Son of Groves 9 

Anna Gertrude 15 

Arthur, Son of George B 16 

Caleb, Son of Shepherd 11, 12, 46 

Caleb Iv., Son of Groves 9 

Celia, Daughter of Shepherd 11 

Charles N., Son of Elliott B 17 

Charles W., Son of Joshua 15, 67 

Cyrus Benton 13, 16, 74 

Edith E 16 

Edna Lavernie 15 

Edward, Biographical Sketch 19 

Family Table 8 

Land Transfers by, in Virginia 87 

Moves to North Carolina 20 

Land holdings in North Carolina 20 

Administration of Estate 20 

Edward Spencer, Son of Nelson H 17 

Mrs. Eleanor 27 

Elizabeth, became Mrs. Vance 8 

Elliott Bond, Son of Joshua 13, 17, 82 

Eula ly., daughter of Caleb L 39 

George, Family of, Virginia 92 

George Bryant, Son of Joshua 13, 16, 77 

Rev. George B., Son of Groves 9, 42 

George D.,r,f New Mex'co 101 

Gilbert, of Nelson County, Va 21 

Of Virginia and North Carolina 7, 21 

Groves, Son of Edward 8, 9, 39 

Harvej', Son of Groves 6 

Isabelle Dumont 15 

James, Son of Groves 9 




Bowman, James Edward, of Amherst, Va 22 

John, of Amherst, Va. , Revolutionary War 7, 23 

John, others. Revolutionary War 24-26 

John, of Rowan County, N. C. Revolutionary War 27 

John, Son of Groves 9 

John Bryan, of Kentucky 93 

John G., Son of Caleb 12 

Jonathan C, Son of Caleb 12 

Joseph S., Son of Caleb 12 

Joshua, Rev., Son of Shepherd U 

Family Table 13 

Autobiography 49 

Licensed to Preach 52 

In Hands of Mob 53 

Extract from Obituary 5S 

Reminiscences of 60 

Joshua Lee, Son of Nelson H 17 

Lanson 47 

Leander, Son of Groves 9 

Lindsay, Son of Marshall 10, 33 

Lucian W 16 

Lusby, Son of Marshall 10, 33 

Marshall, Son of Edward 8 

Family Table 10 

Revolutionary Sold ier 33 

Mary Ethelyn, Daughter of George B 16 

Miriam Viola 15 

Nelson Henry 13 

Family Table 17 

Sketch of Life 79 

Nina Mildred, Daughter of Edw. S 17 

Lieutenant Raymond S 16 

Reginald G....'. IS 

Shepherd, Son of Edward 8 

Family Table _... 11 

Biographical Sketch 40 

Homestead on Catawba River 40 

Married to Elizabeth Spencer 40 

Sherwood, Son of Edward 8 

Revol utionary Soldier 30 

Named in Census of 1850 99 

Tobina, Son of Marshall 10, 33 

Wendell, of Switzerland, family record 100 

William, Son of Groves 9 

William J., Son of Shepherd 11 

Sketch of Life 63 

Extracts from Letters 64 

William Luther, of South Carolina 101 

INDEX 111 


Bowman, Zach., Son of Marshall 10, 33 

Bowmans and Spencers, North Carolina, 1800 98 

Bowmans in Burke County, N. C, I8IO 99 

Bowmans in the Cyclopedias 102 

Bowman-Wills, Celia E. Biographical Sketch 41 

Bratton, Elder T. B 58 

Buren, Rev. J. P 57 

Canon, William F 32 

Census of Bowmans in Burke County, N. C, 1790 98 

Census of Virginia Bowmans, 1782, '84, and '90 95-6 

Census of Virginia Bowmans, 18IO 97 

Cheraw Hills, North Carolina 34 

Childers, Anna 19 

Chivington, Rev. John M 56 

Clark, Capt. Mordecai 38 

Clinton, Sir Henry, British Officer 28 

Coats of Arms, English Bowmans , 1O3 

Connelly, Margaret L 9 

Connelly, Polly 39 

Crye, Elizabeth 47 

Dietzler, Col. Geo. W., 1st Kansas Volunteers 74 

Early Residents of Burke County, N. C 26 

Erwin, James, Clerk, Burke County 31 

Family Crests, Bowman 104 

Family Record, John Bowman 29 

Family Tables 7-I8 

Ford, Capt. Peter, Revolutionary War 31 

Galliard, William 32 

Genealogical Table of a Branch of the Family 5 

Greene, American General, Revolutionary War 34 

Hall, Col. George H., Civil War 68 

Hoffman, Rev. Samuel, Presiding Elder 57 

Holland, Benjamin, Shot by Mob 56 

Holt County Sentinel established 69 

Hopkins, Rev. J. H., Presiding Elder 54 

Indian Campaign on French Broad 35 

Kane, Francis X 15 

KeUy, Joseph T., jr 16, 76 

Kelly, Rev. Charles 52 

Kenwill, Rebecca E 76 

Kimball, Colonel, Sth Missouri Militia 74 

Las Animas Leader established 70 

Lathrop, Rev., Presiding Elder, burned in effigy 58 

Leach, Rev. Samuel V 62 

Linan, Rev. John, driven from home 64 

Lincoln, General, Revolutionary War 27 

Lipham, Captain, 2d South Carolina, Revolutionary War 84 

Littlejohn, Lieut. Thomas, Revolutionary War 31 



Bowman, McComas, Burke 55 

McDowell, Col. Charles 31 

McDowell, Gen. Charles, mentioned 26 

McFarlan, Captain, Burke County, Revolutionary War 35 

Middleton, Colonel 2i South Carolina Regt., Revolutionary War 83 

Miller, Guy M 15 

Lyman J 15 

Margaret Morgan 15 

Marshall M 15 

Morgan, Henrietta G 72 

Morris, Rev. Charles 53 

Murray, Bennet, shot by guerrillas 66 

Nobbey, Mildred 15 

Officers of the Continental Army 89 

Origin of the name Bowman 4 

Parole, Copy of, British Prisoner of War 28 

Pearcy, Mary E 76 

Piukston, Anna 80 

Preachers Suffer from Mob Violence 56 

Raney, Morris, Sergt. 2d South Ciroliua, Revolutionary War 83 

Robbins, Rev. George W 52 

Ruley, Lieut. Robert P 75 

Schoenthaler, Carl F 15 

Spencer, Benjamin, Revolutionary Soldier 17, 83 

Elizabeth 18 

Elizabeth Miriam IS 

Fannie 18 

Israel 18 

Mary Ann, married to Bennet Murray 18 

Sallie 18 

Siebert, Family Table 18 

Sinai 18 

Thomas 18 

Rev. William, Family Table 18 

Spencers, related to the Bowmans 5 

Summers, Lewis, Judge 34 

Unknown Ancestor's Family Table 7 

Virginia Field Officers of the Revolution 88 

Walters, Capt. Alfred, Co. F.,4th M.S. M. Cavalry 68, 74 

Walton, Colonel T. G., Sketches of Pioneers Burke County 25 

Warfofd's Fort, Burke County, N. C, Revolutionary War 84 

Watson. Elizabeth C, Granddaughter of Geo. B. Bowman 16 

White, Benjamin, Ensign, Revolutionary War 31 

Wills, Drury, married to Celia E. Bowman 41 

Mr. and Mrs., Children of 14, 41 

Wilson, Rev. Benjamin, Presiding Elder 5" 

Winters, Esther 30 

Witten, Rev. Robert R 56 



To whom it may concern: 

The above named book, issued May, 1912, contains 
primarily, the story of the descendants of Edward 
Bowman, of Amherst County, Va., some account of 
the Spencers of North Carolina, and the military 
records of the members of these families who served 
in the Revolutionary War. 

2. The descendants of George Bowman, of Shenan- 
doah County, Va. 

h The names of Virginia field officers of the Revolu- 

4. A list of Bowmans, Spencers, and Morgans who 
were officers in the Continental Army. 

5. Extracts from the census returns of Virginia and 
North Carolina, giving heads of certain families, from 
1782 to 1810. 

6. The story of Wendell Bowman, of Switzerland. 

7. Brief accounts o. Nathaniel Bowman, of Water- 
town, .nass.; Zechariah Bowman, of South Carolina, 
and their descendants. 

8. Bowmans of the Cyclopedias. 

9. Descriptions of the coats of arms and family 
crests of the Bowmans of Great Britain and Ireland. 

The book was intended mainly for private circula- 
tion, not for profit. It has proven a financial loss to 
the publisher. The remaining copies may be had at 
^a.i^O each, by enclosing money-order to— 

Charles W. Bowman, 

309 C Street N. W., Washington, D. C