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Brandeis Review 

Summer 1992 

Volume 12 

uranaeis neview 

Vice President 
for Public Affairs 

David Rosen 

Editorial Assistants 

Veronica Blacquier 
Elizabeth Parthum 

Student Assistants 

Naomi Leeds '92 
Stacy Letkowitz '93 

Design Director 

Charles Dunham 

Senior Designer 

Sara Benjaminsen 

Design Assistant 

David Miranda 


Nancy Maitland 

Review Photographe 

Juhan Brown 

Staff Photographer 

Heather Pillar 


Teresa Amabile 
Gerald S. Bernstein 
Edward Engelherg 
Irving R. Epstein 
Lori Cans '83, 
M.M.H.S. '86 
Janet Z, Giele 
leffrcy Golland '61 
Lisa Berman Hills '82 
Michael Kalafatas '65 
Jonathan Margolis '67 
Arthur H. Reis, Jr. 
Adrienne Rosenblatt '61 
Stephen J, Whitfield, 
Ph.D. '72 

Brenda Marder 

David Rosen 
Vice President for 
Public Affairs 

Unsolicited i 
are welcomed by the 
editor. Submissions must 
be accompanied by 
a stamped, self-addressed 
envelope or the 
Review will not return 
the manuscript. 

Send to: The Editor, 
Brandeis Review 
Brandeis University 
P.O. Box 91 10 
Waltham, Massachusetts 

Brandeis Review, 
Volume 12 

Number 1, Summer 1992 
Bnmdeis Review 
(ISSN 0273-71751 
is published by 
Brandeis University 
P.O. Box 91 10 
Waltham, Massachusetts 

with free distribution to 
alumni, students. 
Trustees, friends, parents, 
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Opinions expressed 
in the Brandeis Review 
are those of the 
authors and not 
necessarily of the Editor 
or Brandeis University. 

) 1992 BrandeisUniversity 
Office of Publications, 
of Public Affairs 

University Magazine 


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Cover: Gosman 
Sports and 
Convocation Center 
(photo, Julian Brown) 

A shudder of nostalgia for the great 
outdoors unsettled many of us as we 
watched, for the first time, the 
unrolling of Commencement 
indoors in the Gosman Sports and 
Convocation Center. In reverie of 
former Brandeis Commencements, 
images of the pastoral Ullman 
Amphitheater, site of 
Commencement since the 
University's founding, sprang to 
mind: soft clouds scudding across 
the blue sky,- gentle May winds 
shaking the greening maples; geese 
and ducks honking overhead, flying 
from Massell Pond to the banks of 
the Charles. But in the same 
instant, we also recalled the darker 
side of outdoor Commencements: 
spectators passing out in the intense 
heat and wilting humidity, or 
visitors huddled together under 
sodden umbrellas, shivering in a 
spring downpour. 

Witnessing Commencement under 
the protecting roof of the Gosman 
Center presented, to be sure, a 
different sensation. Primarily, we 
reacted with a sense of pride and 
wonder that finally the whole 
Brandeis extended family — some 
7000 — could be seated together in 
an interior setting; the sheer novelty 
of it was almost overwhelming. We 
were also conscious that history 
was being made. The Class of 1992, 
among other attainments, will be 
remembered as the first to graduate 
from the Gosman Center, and will 
have thus appropriated a special 
rank in the mythology of the 

But when all is said and done, the 
essence of Commencement is not 
the atmospherics — where we sit, if 
it rains or shines — but how we have 
equipped our graduates to go forth. 
Commencement speaker Stephen 
Solarz '62 hit the right note by 
asking the right questions of our 
Brandeisians. Quoting from the 
Piikei Avot, the Ethics of the 
Fathers, he queried: 

"If I am not for myself, who will be? 
But if I am only for myself, what am 
I? If not now, when?" 

How the members of the Class of 
1992 respond to those questions in 
the unfolding of their lives is the 
true test of Brandeis's mission. 

In this issue, you can read how 
some of our alumni are answering 
those questions. Timothy Steele, 
Ph.D. '77 exhorts poets to return to 
writing in rhyme and meter and 
offers some stimulating reasons for 
his argument. Myssa Turner '90, an 
intrepid traveler and faithful 
recorder, has made Russia the 
center of her interests: here she 
presents some sensitive excerpts 
from her diary, written while she 
was living in that troubled land. Ira 
Shapiro '69, an attorney and expert 
on Japan, shares his ideas on the 
problems between the United States 
and its powerful competitor. 

As usual, the faculty join the 
alumni in this issue to give us the 
benefit of their thoughts. Historian 
Jacqueline Jones, author of an 
influential new book on poverty, 
describes the awful course that 
poverty has taken from the Civil 
War through the 1990s, while 
computer scientist Harry Mairson 
first with humor, then in fullness of 
purpose, explains the meaning and 
potential of his field. Tucked in 
among the articles, you'll find a quiz 
with the famous and infamous date 
of 1492 as its pivot point. 

We hope the Review responds to 
your need to know all about life at 
Brandeis. Reactions and comments 
are graciously received, and letters 
that have to do with the substance 
of the articles will be printed on a 
new page devoted to "Letters-to-the- 
Editor," starting with the fall issue. 

Brenda Marder 
The Editor 

Summer 1992 

Brandeis Re\dew 

They Are the World 
Commencement Number 41 

Images from Commencement 

Crisis in U.S.-Japan Relations: 
A Perspective 

Are we losing the economic war? 
An expert on Japanese-American 
relations explains what has gone 
awry and how the United States can 
control its competitive edge 

Ira S. Shapiro '69 

The Dispossessed: 

An Interview 

with Jacqueline Jones 

A prize-winning historian shatters 
common myths about poverty from 
the Civil War through the 1990s and 
offers new insights into a problem 
that cuts across race and ethnic groups 

:nda Marder 

A Russian Winter: 
Amidst the Corruption, 
Sparkles of Gold 

A recent graduate describes how the Alyssa Turner '90 
Soviet system has ground down the 
people: their saving grace is their 
Russian culture that keeps the people 
loving, dancing, writing and believing 

The Forms of Poetry 

The rhyming of poetry, wrote the 
late Primo Levi, "is too beautiful to 
disappear." Our alumnus poet agrees 

Timothy Steele, Ph.D. 77 

Sail On! The 1492 Quiz 

Castle of Perseverance? Suleyman 
the Magnificent? Morte d'Arthur? 
Take the 1492 Brandeis Review 
t^uiz to measure what you 
remember about that era 

The Stable Marriage Problem 

How did you select your mate? 
High-tech offers a novel approach 

Harry Mairson 

Around the University 

43 Class Notes 

Faculty Notes 

Around the University 

Founders' Day 
October 17-18: 
Abba Eban Coming 
to Campus 




Speaking to more than 700 
graduates and their 
approximately 7,000 friends 
and family at the 41st 
Commencement exercises, 
US Representative Stephen (. 
Solarz '62 (D-N.Y.), who 
delivered the keynote 
address, said the United 
States is capable of resolving 
urban ills. "If we could find 
the wherewithal to bail out 
the ScSiLs, wage war in the 
Persian Gulf, establish a 
space station in the high 
heavens. ..then surely we can 
find the resources which are 
a necessary, if not sufficient, 
condition for real progress 
toward resolving the 
domestic difficulties that, 
like a malignant cancer, are 
threatening the vitality and 
even viability of our 
society," said Solarz, who 
received an honorary degree. 
He went on to say that 
American values have 
influenced the positive 
changes in Europe, yet here 
in the United States we are 
unable to address the 
problems of unemployment. 

homelcssness and prejudice, 
and urged the graduates to 
become involved in tackling 
America's domestic 

Solarz, a member of 
Congress since 1975, has 
served for many years on the 
House Foreign Affairs 
Committee and has stood at 
the forefront of public debate 
on major foreign policy 
issues. He will be leaving the 
University's Board of 
Trustees this year after 13 
years of service. 

Besides Solarz, the 
University presented 
honorary degrees to 
archaeologist Robert 
McCormick Adams, 
secretary of the Smithsonian 
Institution and head of a 
complex of 16 museums and 
galleries, the National 
Zoological Park and 
scientific and cultural 
research facilities in nine 
states and the Republic of 
Panama; Elena Bonner, 
medical doctor, human 
rights activist, accomplished 
writer and outspoken critic 
of the Soviet government; 
Charles R. Bronfman, 
successful businessman, 

Aie the World ' Heft) 

honorary president of United 
Jewish Appeal of Canada, 
director of the Canadian 
Council of Christians and 
Jews, cochair of Operation 
Exodus and honorary chair of 
the Canada-Israel Securities 
Limited |State of Israel 
Bonds); Quincy Jones, 
composer, arranger, singer, 
conductor, trumpeter and 
winner of five Grammy 
Awards; Teddy Kollek, 
mayor of Jerusalem; Robert 
Shapiro '52, businessman 
and family therapist, trustee 
for the Boston Association 
for the Blind and the 
Combined Jewish 
Philanthropies, a Brandeis 
Trustee and former Alumni 
Fund chair. President's 
Councilor and Brandeis 
Fellow; and Natan 
Sharansky, outspoken leader 
of the Moscow refusenik 
community and visiting 
professor at Brandeis. 

A ceremonial ground breaking 
IS planned for Founders' Day 
toi the dedication of the 
Ikniamin and Mae Volen 
National Center for Complex 
Svstems, an estimated $15.6 
million campus facihty for 
the study of the brain and 
intelligence. The facility is 
expected to be operating fully 
in September 1994. The 
Center will house the 
computer science department 
and selected faculty from 
biology, biochemistry, 
chemistry, cognitive science, 

nguistics, physics and 
psychology. Funding includes 
S9 million from the federal 
government and money from 
two benefactors, Benjamin 
Volen and Hadassah 
Michtom. During the same 
weekend, keynote speaker for 
the dedication of the Jacob 
and Libby Goodman Institute 
for the Study of Zionism is 
Abba Eban, member of the 
Israeli Parliament for 30 years, 
former foreign minister and 
ambassador to the United 
States and the United Nations. 

Irving R. Epstein 
Named Dean of 
Arts and Sciences 

University Provost Jehuda 
Reinharz, Ph.D. '72 has 
announced the appointment 
of Brandeis chemist Irving R. 
Epstein as dean of Arts and 
Sciences, effective July I. 
Epstein, the Helena 
Rubinstein Professor of 
Chemistry, is the first to fill 
the dean's position since it 
was redefined by President 
Samuel O. Thier and 
approved by the faculty and 
Board of Trustees. 

Epstein, who came to 
Brandeis in 1971, earned his 
master's and Ph.D. at 

2 Brandeis Review 

New IVustees 

Four Brandeis alumni and a 
university president have 
been appointed to the 
University's Board of 
Trustees. They arc: Wakako 
Kimoto Hironaka, M.A. '64, 
Barbara Cohen Rosenberg 
'54, Michael Sandel '75, 
Milton B. Wallack '60 and 
Norman Francis, president of 
Xavier University in New 
Orleans. All except Francis, 
who will begin his term in 
1993, took their seats on the 
Board following 

Fiironaka, a member of 
Japan's parliament, begins a 
five-year term as an alumni 
term Trustee. The recipient 
of a 1987 honorary doctor of 
laws degree from Brandeis, 
she is a 1957 graduate of 
Ochanomizu Women's 
University and came to 
Brandeis as a Wien 
International Scholar in 
sociology from 1958 to 1960 
and later went on to earn a 
master's degree in 
anthropology in 1964. 
Hironaka has been active in 
the International Group for 

the Study of Women and 
served on the board of Avon 
Products Company Limited. 
She IS the author and 
translator of several books. 

Rosenberg is an educational 
consultant and grant writer 
for nonprofit organizations 
and holds a Ph.D. in public 
administration from the 
University of San Francisco 
and a master's from Harvard. 
She formerly developed 
programs for the Fromm 
Institute of Lifelong Learning 
at the University of San 
Francisco and is a member of 
the board of the Asian Art 
Museum of San Francisco, 
vice president of the Jewish 
Home for the Aged and a 
member of the advisory 
board of the Department of 
Jewish Studies at Stanford 

Sandel, who previously 
served on the Board from 
1981 to 1986 as alumni term 
Trustee, is professor of 
government at Harvard 
University, where he has 
taught since 1980, and also is 
teaching undergraduate 
courses at Harvard Law 
School. After graduating 

from Brandeis with a ioint 
B.A. and M.A. summa cum 
laude, Sandel earned a 
doctorate from Oxford in 
1981, where he was a Rhodes 
Scholar. He is the author of 
several books and articles. 

Wallack will serve as chair of 
the Fellows, a position that 
includes an ex officio seat on 
the Board of Trustees. He 
earned his D.D.S. from 
Temple University in 1964 
and is a periodontist in 
Connecticut. He is a member 
of the Board of Governors of 
the Connecticut State Dental 
Association and has served as 
an officer or board member 
on a number of organizations 
including the Anti- 
Defamation League and the 
New Haven Jewish 

Francis has been president of 
Xavier University since 1968. 
He holds a J.D. from Loyola 
University and a bachelor's 
degree from Xavier, and from 
1972 to 1976 he was chair of 

Bdibdta Ruscub 
Michael Sandel 

the College Entrance 
Examination Board. Because 
of commitments to other 
boards and institutions, 
Francis will not take his 
place on the Board until after 
Commencement in 1993. 

Gillette and 
Brandeis Celebrate 

Harvard University. He was 
a member of Phi Beta Kappa 
at Harvard College where he 
earned his bachelor's degree, 
graduating summa cum 
laude. He has held 
Guggenheim and Humboldt 
Fellowships and was a 
National Science Foundation 
Faculty Professional 
Development Fellow. The 
author and coauthor of 
numerous research articles, 
he also is a former chair of 
the chemistry department at 
Brandeis. His main research 
interests are chemical 
oscillations and dynamic 
instabilities, mathematical 
modeling of biochemical 
kinetics and neurobiology 
and chemical chaos. 

Scientists and top 
administrators from The 
Gillette Company and 
Brandeis University marked 
the 25th anniversary of a 
precedent-setting partnership 
that has trained 81 
distinguished researchers 
from around the world. 
Brandeis President Samuel 
O. Thier and senior officials 
from The Gillette Company, 
including William J. 
McMorrow, senior vice 
president for administration, 
and John B. Bush, Jr., vice 
president for corporate 
research and development, 
met with University and 
company scientists on 
campus for scientific 

demonstrations and talks 
about research and its impact 
on society. 

When the Gillette Fellows 
Program was launched at 
Brandeis in 1967, it 
established a model for 
collaboration. The company 
has invested $643,000 in the 
program over the years and is 
Brandeis's longest-continuing 
corporate sponsor. Gillette 
supports researchers who 
make important 
contributions in all areas of 

1992 Rosenstiel 
Award Recipients 

Three scientists were 
honored with Brandeis 
University's 1992 Rosenstiel 
Award for their ground- 
breaking contributions in 
devising a method to locate 
genes associated with 
inherited disease. David 
Botstein, Ronald W. Davis 
and Raymond L. White 
created the method that 
most recently has been used 
to locate genetic change 
leading to cystic fibrosis. 
Botstein is professor and 
chair of the genetics 
department at Stanford 
University School of 
Medicine, Davis is professor 
of biochemisty and genetics 
at Stanford and White is 
cochair of the human 
genetics department at the 
University of Utah School of 
Medicine, where he also 
serves as professor of human 
genetics and biology. 

The Rosenstiel Award was 
established at Brandeis in 
1971 to honoi outstanding 
life scientists for discoveries 
of particular originality and 
importance to basic medical 
research. Recipients are 
chosen on the advice of a 
panel of experts from the 
Boston-area biomedical 
community. Among the 
previous winners are nine 
scientists who later went on 
to win the Nobel Prize. 

President Thier 
Receives Honorary 

President Samuel O. Thier 
received an honorary doctor 
of humane letters at Virginia 
Commonwealth University's 
commencement exercises in 
May. Virginia 

Commonwealth University 
is the largest urban research 
and doctoral granting 
university in Virginia. 

Jcit to n^lit: David ButUem, 
Raymond L. White. Samuel 
O. Thier, Ronald W. Davis, 
Hugh E. Huxley 


at Brandeis 

Victims of the Holocaust 
were remembered on campus 
this spring with a memorial 
service, a candlelight vigil 
and a workshop on prejudice. 
The planning committee of 
15 students prepared the 
schedule of activities with 
the hope that their efforts 
would attract fellow students 
as well as other members of 
the Brandeis community. 
Other events were a lecture 
by Holocaust survivor Israel 
Arbeiter and the showing of 
Au Rcvoir Les Enfants, a 
French film about a lewish 
boy hidden in a Catholic 
school during the Holocaust. 
Filmmaker Laurel Vlock, a 
founder of the Fortunoff 
Video Archive for Holocaust 
Testimonies at Yale, gave a 
kcvnotc speech entitled 
"Rcmeinlxnii.i; the 
HoloL.uist; The Value of 
Personal testimonies 
Recorded on Videotape, a 
Legacy for the Future." Her 
talk explained the 
importance ot peisonal 
document.ition mi ,i \ isual 
medium and the imperative 
of recording as many as 
possible of these individual 
stories while survivors of the 
most monumental tragedy in 
human history are still alive. 

Watson Fellowship 
Awarded to 
Brandeisian '92 

Brandeis fine arts studio 
major Kimberly Beck has 
won a Thomas J. Watson 
Foundation Traveling 
Fellowship for 1992-93. She 
plans to use the $13,000 
grant to work with artists 
she admires in Japan and 
Poland, and has arranged to 
spend six months in Japan as 
an intern and assistant to a 
group of contemporary 
sculptors. While there, she 
plans to set up a studio so 

Faculty Promotions 

The Board of Trustees 
approved ilie piomotion of 
nine Bi.iiuleis l.ieiihy to 
associate prolessdi with 
tenure; Marc Brettler, Near 
Eastern and Judaic Studies; 
Margot Fassler, music; 
Timothy Hickcy, computer 
science; Michael Macy, 
sociology; Paul Morrison, 
English and American 
literature; James 
Pustcjovsky, computer 
science; Joseph Rcimcr, 
Homstein Program-Lown 
School; Ranjan Sen, biology; 
and Palle Yourgrau, 

Brettler, Ph.D. '86 is a 
biblical scholar who has been 
praised for his dedication and 
high standards in teaching; 
last year he was awarded the 
Walzer Award for Excellence 
in Teaching. He is the author 
of God is King: 
Understanding an Israelite 
Metaphor, as well as 
numerous articles and 
reviews. Brettler, who won 
the 1990-91 Marver and 
Sheva Bernstein Faculty 
Fellowship, cochairs the 
Board of C3verseers on the 
Undergraduate Fellows 

Fassler is a musicologist 
specializing in the medieval 
period. Her work examines 
such issues as the place of 
music in the culture of the 
Middle Ages and the 
interconnections between 
literary and melodic 
structures. She is the author 
of Gothic Song: Augustinian 
Ideals of Reform in the 
Twelfth Century and the 
Victorine Sequences. She 
won the Elliot Prize from the 
Medieval Academy of 
America for best article on a 
medieval subject, serves on 
the board of directors of the 
American Musicological 
Society and is freshman 
advisor and director of 
graduate studies. 

Hickey is a 1977 summa 
cum laude graduate of 
Brandeis. Among his 
contributions to the field of 
computer science is the 
development of a set of 
analytical tools for 
examining how long it takes 
computer programs to 
perform basic operations. He 

4 Brandeis Review 

she can work on her own 
painting. Beck, of Littleton, 
Colorado, is one of 70 
winners chosen from schools 
across the country for the 
prestigious award. Watson 
Fellowships support a year of 
independent study, travel 
and experience outside the 
United States for college 
seniors after graduation. 

Kimherlv Bl'l 


Charges for undergraduate 
tuition, room and hoard and 
mandatoiv fees at Brandeis 
Unu'cisitv will increase next 
vear bv 6,fi percent, from 
S22,,S57 to S24,0.SI. This is the 
third smallest percentage hike 
in 20 years. 

Tuition for the 1992-93 
academic year will be 517,320, 
room and board charges for the 
14 meal plan will be $6,325 
and mandatory health services 
and media/activities fees will 
total S406. The comparable 
?''• figures for this year are 

$16,085, $6,080 and $392. 

To ease the financial burden 
on needy families, the 
University will increase its 

funding for undergraduate 
financial aid by 24 percent, 
from $15.4 million to 519.1 
million, and for the 1992-93 
academic year Brandeis will 
continue its need-blind 
admissions policy. While 
approximately 46 percent of 
Brandeis undergraduates 
currently receive financial 
aid grants at the University, 
the figure is expected to 
increase to 50 percent next 

Antony B. Poionsky 
Named to Brandeis 

applies his training as a 
mathematician to the area of 
logic programming and has 
recently been working on 
interdisciplinary projects 
with biologists and chemists, 
using the computer to look 
for evolutionary patterns in 

Macy's research combines 
general theory and empirical 
research and uses 
mathematical tools and 
computer simulation. He 
developed a computer 
program called "Midas" that 
allows students to develop 
data-based answers to 
complex social problems. 
The program is being used in 
other departments and at 
approximately 20 other 
universities. Macy was a 
1989 winner of the Kermit 
H. Perlmutter Award for 
Teaching Excellence. 

Morrison has a broad range of 
scholarly interests including 
literary criticism. He has 
written mainly about the 
relation of aesthetic beliefs 
to political convictions and 
has covered such topics as 
modem poetry and politics, 
the fiction of (ane Austen 
and the political and 

aesthetic implications of the 
photography of Robert 
Mapplethorpc. He is a 1989 
recipient of the Kermit H. 
Perlmutter Award for 
Teaching Excellence. 

Pustejovsky's work in 
computational linguistics 
ranges from theoretical 
analyses of the stiaicture of 
langua,i;c in .ippIiL.itions in 
neurosLRiuc Ills research 
provides a link between the 
Department of Computer 
Science and the new 
Beniamin and Mae Volen 
National Center for Comple: 
Systems. He serves on the 
editorial board of a number 
of journals. 

Riemer, M.A. '70, a 
developmental psychologist, 
studies the social 
organization of everyday life 
within institutions and 
organizations of the Jewish 
community, most notably 
the synagogue and school. 

He coauthored Promoting 
Moral Growth: From Piaget 
to Kohlbcrg and edited a 
book on careers in Jewish 
education. In 1988 he 
received the Development 
Research Award for research 
on moral development of 
kibbutz adolescents and 
young adults. 

Sen, who came to Brandeis 
from the Whitehead 
Institute, is a molecular 
biologist whose current 
research examines the 
regulation and expression of 
specific proteins at discrete 
stages of cellular 
development. He has 
received grants from the 
American Cancer Society 
and a five-year Research 
Career Development Award 
from the National Institutes 
of Health. 

Yourgrau is author of The 
Disappearance of Time: Kurt 
Godel and the Ideahstic 
Tradition m Philosophy, 
which addresses the 
metaphysical implications of 
the reality of time. His 
articles and reviews have 
been published in a number 
of journals of philosophy. 

Antony B. Poionsky, a 
leading scholar of Eastern 
Europe and Eastern European 
Jews, has been named 
professor of modem East 
European Jewish history in 
the Department of Near 
Eastern and Judaic Studies. 
Editor of Polin, the leading 
journal of Polish-Jewish 
studies, Poionsky has 
authored a number of books, 
including Politics in 
Independent Poland. The 
Great Powers and the Polish 
Question, The Little 
Dictator: The History of 
Eastern Europe since 1918, 
and a prize-wirming, widely- 
acclaimed edition of 
Abraham Lewin's, A Cup of 
Tears: A Diary of the 
Warsaw Ghetto. Poionsky 
has also lectured widely, 
produced and directed a film 
on fascism and appeared 
frequently as a commentator 
on radio and television. 

"He is a valuable addition to 
the faculty in the Near 
Eastern and Judaic Studies 
department in the area of 
Polish and East European 
Jewish history, which is a 
field that is of particular 

5 Summer 1992 

Sports Notes 

left lo right: Steve 
Harrington, Jean Olds. 
Robyn Goby, Remie 
Calalang, June Parks 

interest to Brandeis at this 
time," said Brandeis Provost 
and Senior Vice President for 
Academic Affairs fehuda 
Remharz, Ph.D. 72. 

Born in 1940, Polonsky 
received bachelor of arts 
degrees from the University 
of Witwatersrand and Oxford 
University, from which he 
was awarded the D. Phil, in 
1968. He has also studied at 
Warsaw University. After 
lecturing for two years at the 
University of Glasgow, he 
joined the faculty at the 
London School of Economics 
in 1970 and became a full 
professor there m 1989. He 
left the LSE faculty m 1991 
after an internal review 
determined he had 
miproperly diverted funds 
from a staff research account 
under his supervision for the 
benefit of publications 
produced by the Institute for 
Polish-Jewish Studies. 
Polonsky cooperated fully 
with the review committee. 
The committee's report 
states that the money in 
question was "used for 
scholarly purposes which 
appear to have brought credit 
to the school, and not for 
personal financial gain." 
Even so, Polonsky repaid the 

Polonsky disclosed these 
facts in his application to 
Brandeis, and University 
officials confirmed them 
through an independent 
review, according to 
Reinharz. Following the 
review, he noted, Polonsky's 
appointment was 
recommended "unanimously 
and unequivocally" by an ad 
hoc committee and the NEJS 
department and approved by 
the Board of Tmstees. 

Men's Basketball Team 
Wins ECAC Tournament 

Last season, while the 
Gosman Sports and 
Convocation Center was 
under construction, the 
Brandeis University men's 
basketball team played its 
home games at three 
different off-campus sites. 
This year, under the 
direction of first-year head 
coach Ken Still '72, the 
Judges, used to a variety of 
courts, upset the three top- 
seeded teams in succession 
on their home courts to win 
the Eastern College Athletic 
Conference (ECAC) Division 
III New England men's 
basketball championship. 

In the opening round, senior 
forward Andre James scored 
25 points and had 12 
rebounds to lead the Judges 
to a 103-96 win at Bates 
College. Senior guard Steve 
Harrington added 23 points 
and senior center David 
Brooks had 15 points and 10 
rebounds. Junior forward Eric 
McGhee scored a career-high 
18 points for Brandeis. 

In the semifinals, Harrington 
scored 27 points in the first 
half to lead Brandeis to an 
82-73 victory at Williams. 
He finished with a game- 
high 37 points. James 
contributed 21 points and a 
game-high 1 7 rebounds and 
Brooks finished with 15 
points and seven rebounds. 

Harrington scored 24 points 
in the first half to pace 
Brandeis to the title win over 
the two-time defending 
champion, Colby College, 
99-86. The Judges, playing in 
front of a boisterous, 
overflowing crowd of 3,000, 
were led once again by the 
three seniors. James had 21 

rebounds and 1 8 points and 
Brooks pulled down 19 
rebounds and had 1 1 points 
and five assists. Harrington, 
who averaged 32.3 points in 
the three ECAC games, was 
voted MVP after his 37 point 
performance in the title 
game. He hit 11 of his 18 
shots, including seven of 10 
three-pointers. In 
rebounding, the Judges held a 
whopping 56-24 advantage. 
The club ended the season 

In his last 10 games, 
Harrington averaged 29.1 
points per game. He finished 
his career as the second 
leading scorer in Brandeis 
history with 1,632 points and 
he is the school's all-time 
leader in three-point field 
goals with 209 to his credit. 

Brandeis's Eleena 
Zhelezov '95 Wins Two 
Events at NCAA Track 

Eleena Zhelezov '95 won the 
triple jump and long jump at 
the NCAA Division lU 
indoor track and field 
championships at Wisconsin- 
Stevens Point. Brandeis 
finished a best-ever third 
place in the 30 team field, 13 
spots better than in 1991. 

Zhelezov was the only 
woman to win two events at 
the meet and the first 
Brandeis track athlete to 
achieve that distinction at an 
NCAA Championship. She 
was favored in the triple 
jump and responded with a 
leap of 39 feet 6 inches, 
beating the second-place 
finisher by nearly a foot and 
a half. In the long jump, she 
was in fourth place going 
into her last two tries, but by 
jumping 18 feet 8 inches she 
won the individual title. 

"She had the technique 
when she immigrated here 
from the Soviet Union. It 
was obvious she had top 
training in her native 
country," said Brandeis 

women's track coach Mark 
Reytblat, who left the Soviet 
Union 13 years ago and is 
quite familiar with the 
Russian club track and field 

Prior to the NCAA 
championships, Zhelezov 
won the long jump and triple 
jump at the Tufts 
Invitational, setting a facility 
record in the latter event. 
She set a school record in the 
long jump at the Boston 
University Terrier Classic 
and won the triple jump at 
the Greater Boston Track 
Club Invitational. Zhelezov 
finished the University 
Athletic Association season 
with the top ranking in the 
long jump and the triple 
jump. Brandeis won its first 
UAA indoor meet in March 
where Zhelezov set 
association records in the 
long jump and triple jump. 

Brandeis Men's Swim 
Team Excels in 

Coach Jim Zotz's men's 
swimming and diving team 
recently was honored in the 
fall of 1991 for having the 
highest combined 
cumulative grade point 
average, 3.395, in the NCAA 
Division ffl. The all- 
academic teams are named 
by the College Swimming 
Coaches Association of 

In addition, the Brandeis 
women's swimming and 
diving team was named to 
the all-academic honor roll 
for that semester, finishing 
eighth in NCAA Division m. 

Brandeis Review 

Brandeis University 
1991-92 Athletic Award 

The winners of the 1991- 
1992 athletic awards were 
honored at the Athletic 
Recognition and Awards 
Banquet held in May. A pair 
of versatile senior athletes, 
Steve Harrington and June 
Parks, topped the list of year- 
end athletic award winners 
at Brandeis. Harrington won 
the Harry, Joseph and Ida 
Stein Award, presented each 
year to the outstanding male 
student-athlete at Brandeis. 
A basketball and baseball 
standout, he was the first 
athlete ever to win the award 
unanimously. He was named 
tournament MVP after 
leading Brandeis to the 
ECAC Division m basketball 
championship. He also won 
five games for the baseball 
team, leading the Judges to 
their first NCAA Division m 

Parks won the Max Silber 
Award, presented each year 
to the outstanding female 
student-athlete. She is an 
eight-time Ail-American, an 
11 -time UAA Champion, a 
nine-time New England 
Division III Champion and 
she earned the Outstanding 
Performer Award at the UAA 
championships as a 
sophomore and junior. 

Remie Calalang, a four-year 
varsity starter on the 
women's soccer team, won 
the Morris J. Sepinuck 
Sportsmanship Award. This 
is presented annually to a 
senior athlete who makes a 
significant contribution to 
the athletic program and to 
campus life. A four-time 
UAA all-star and a two-tune 
New England all-star. 

Calalang volunteered her 
time to various school 
projects, and because of 
her superior work was 
selected as Special Projects 
Coordinator for 
Orientation '91. 

Jean Olds was the wmner of 
the Charles Napoli Scholar- 
Athlete Award, presented 
annually to the top scholar- 
athlete. A four-time All- 
American, she earned those 
honors in two events, is a 
two-time UAA cross country 
champion and the UAA 
champion and record holder 
in the 10,000 meters. A 
dean's list student, she 
started the Varsity Club at 

Rohyn Goby was given the 
Markson Award, presented 
annually to the student- 
athlete with the highest 
grade point average in the 
humanities. An All- 
American in the 400 meters, 
Goby was a five-time UAA 
champion and a four-time 
New England Division III 

The Jim McCully Award is 
presented annually to a 
student-athlete who best 
exemplifies the character, 
dedication and good 
sportsmanship of McCuIly's 
Ail-American soccer career. 
This year it was awarded to 
cowinners: Olds and soccer 
captain Andrew Roberts. An 
Adidas Scholar-Athlete, 
Roberts is a graduate student 
in the Heller School. He has 
traveled all over New 
England speaking to high 
school students and youth 
groups about alcohol, 
substance abuse, academics 
and college athletics. 

National Women's 
Committee IVains 
Leaders at 44th 
Annual Conference 

In June, more than 200 
women came to campus 
from every part of the 
country for the Brandeis 
University National 
Women's Committee's 44th 
annual conference. The 
conference developed new 
strategies for raising funds 
for the Brandeis Libraries. 
The largest "friends-of-a- 
library" organization in the 
world, the Women's 
Committee has raised more 
than $42 million for the 
Libraries since its founding 
in 1948, much of it in 
communities thousands of 
miles away from the 
University's campus. 

Presidents from the 
organization's 115 chapters 
nationwide attended 
"Business of Brandeis" 
sessions during a 
preconference President's 
Retreat at which they applied 
lessons from the business 
world to managing their 

Despite the Women's 
Committee's strength in 
numbers— 55,000 members 
in 115 communities 
nationwide — the kind of 
fund-raising muscle 
exhibited by this 
organization takes more than 
careful planning. This annual 
pilgrimage to campus, where 
chapter presidents and other 
delegates meet Brandeis 
students, faculty and 
administrators and see the 
fruits of their labor firsthand. 

has provided the inspiration 
for thousands of women to 
return to their communities 
and motivate members to 
work for Brandeis. 

At the 1992 conference 
entitled "Discovery: 
Challenges & Choices," 
delegates met with the 
president of Brandeis, Dr. 
Samuel O. Thier, and his 
wife, Paula, "discovered" the 
campus during a tour with 
fine arts professor Gerald 
Bernstein, explored the latest 
technology in the Libraries, 
met representatives of the 
student body and heard 
timely presentations by 
professors on poverty, Japan, 
the Commonwealth of 
Independent States and plays 
for, by and about women. 

Established in 1968 to honor 
Brandeis's Founding 
President and Chancellor 
Emeritus, Abram L. Sachar, 
this year's Sachar Award 
went to Pulitzer Prize- 
winning New York Times 
columnist Anna Quindlen 
for her twice-weekly 
column, "Public &. Private." 

Speakers during the 
conference included 
Quindlen, Jehuda Reinharz, 
Ph.D. '72, Brandeis provost 
and senior vice president of 
academic affairs, and 
Shulamit Reinharz, professor 
of sociology and director of 
the Women's Studies 

Delegates installed national 
officers for the coming year 
and presented their annual 
gift to the University, which 
this year was $3,043,102, at a 
celebratory closing banquet 
on Saturday night. 

7 Summer 1992 

They Are the World 
Commencement Number 41 

The procession of graduates 
filing into the new Gosman 
Sports and Convocation 

Two categories of 
institutions enjoy counting 
the years — the very old and 
the very young. The ivy- 
covered, tradition-heeding 
universities solemnly wear 
their mantles of history as an 
honor and responsibility. 
Brandeis revels in its youth 
and takes special note of 
every "first" as if each added 
"first" can carry us back 
once more to the miracle of 
our beginning. 

This year's Commencement 
was a first — the first to take 
place indoors. Under the 
white, lofty ceiling of the 
Gosman Sports and 
Convocation Center, 732 
euphoric members of the 
Class of 1992 received 
degrees. Sherri Geller, who 
gave the senior address, 
emphasized that Brandeis 
had equipped them for the 
future. A propos of the 
ceremony, honorary degree 
recipient Quincy Jones led 
the graduates in singing "We 
Are the World," the song he 
produced a few years ago to 
raise money for famine relief 
in Africa. (See Around the 
University section for more 

The photos on these pages 
typify the celebration of the 


President Samuel O. Thicr 
officiating at his first 
Brandeis Commencement 

8 Brandeis Review 

Honorary degree recipient 
Natan Sharansky, human 
rights activist who now lives 
in Israel, being hooded by 
Provost fehuda Reinharz. 
Ph. D. 72 

loosing obhgmgly for the 
Brandeis Review on Saturday 
evening at the Fellow's 
Dinner: (left to right) 
Tatiana Yankelevich, 
daughter of Elena Bonner-, 
honorary degree recipient 
Elena Bonner, a human 
rights activist: Brandeis 
Professor of Russian Robert 
Szulkin; and honorary 
degree recipient Teddy 
Kollek. mayor of Jerusalem 

A student adjusts a 
classmate's mortarboard 

Sherri Geller giving the 
senior address 

Max Richter Professor of 
American Civilization 
Stephen Whitfield shown 
here with wife, Lee. emceed 
the Fellows Dinner on 
Saturday evening 

Brandcisinns hegm their 
professional lives in the 
midst of a recession 

9 Summer 1992 

Crisis in U.S.- 
Japan Relations: 

A Perspective 

by Ira S. Shapiro '69 


For years, polls have 
recorded rising levels of 
antagonism on both sides of 
the Pacific. In the United 
States, the majority of those 
polled saw Japan as a 
"threat" to the United States 
and an unfair trader. In 
Japan, a growing number 
saw our country as a spent 

The 50th anniversary of Pearl Harbor 
was to have been a time for celebrating 
the strength of the U.S. -Japan alliance, 
particularly in light of the historic 
collapse of communism. Instead, it 
became a time for assessing the 
deterioration of U.S. -Japan relations. 
For years, polls have recorded rising 
levels of antagonism on both sides of 
the Pacific. In the United States, the 
majority of those polled saw Japan as a 
"threat" to the United States and an 
unfair trader. In Japan, a growing 
number saw our country as a spent 
force, overburdened with problems of 
crime, drugs and AIDS, and Americans 
as tending to use Japan as a 
scapegoat for all of our own failures. 

At the root of the deteriorating 
relationship, of course, is the sea of 
change in relative economic power 
between the two countries. Throughout 
the last half of the 1980s, most 
Americans sensed that we were 
slipping competitively, but derived 
some assurance from a period of 
uninterrupted economic growth without 
inflation. Then the unexpected intensity 
of the recession and President Bush's 
embarrassing trip to Japan in January 
1992 highlighted in unmistakable terms 
fundamental weaknesses in our 
economy and the competitive decline 
of the United States vis-a-vis Japan. 

10 Brandeis Review 

Ira S. Shapiro '69 is a partner in 
We Washington office of 
Winthrop. Stimson. Putnam & 
Roberts, an international law 
firm based in New Yorl<. Before 
entering private practice, he 
worked 12 years (1975-1987) 
in senior staff positions in the 
United States Senate. He served 
as legislative legal counsel to 
Senator Gaylord Nelson (D- 
Wis.) and minority staff director 
and chief counsel to the Senate 
Committee on Governmental 
Affairs, as well as counsel to the 
Senate Majority Leader Robert 
Byrd and chief of staff to 
Senator John D. Rockefeller IV 
(D-W. Vs.). He was also the staff 
director and chief counsel to the 

Special Committee on Official 
Conduct, which drafted the 
Senate Code of Ethics. 

Throughout the 1980s, his 
Senate work focused largely on 
international trade and industrial 
competitiveness issues. He 
worked on several Senate task 
forces on these issues and 
served as deputy issues 
coordinator to the Mondale 
Presidential campaign in 1984. 
emphasizing these issues. His 
study of trade and 
competitiveness issues took him 
to Japan in 1984 and 

part of congressional 
delegations. He returned to 
Japan in 1989 to speak on the 
politics of foreign investment 
and was a distinguished visitor 
of the Policy Study Group, a 
Japanese think tank in 1991. 
when he delivered a paper 
entitled "The Uruguay Round, 
the War in the Gulf and U.S.- 
Japan Relations. " 

Shapiro graduated from 
Brandeis, magna cum laude, 
with honors in politics and 
shared the Sarah and Saul 
Fechtor Prize for the outstanding 
student of politics. He received a 
master's degree in political 
science from the University of 
California at Berkeley, where he 
attended as the recipient of a 

National Science Foundation 
Fellowship in political science. 
He received his law degree from 
the University of Pennsylvania, 
where he served as editor and 
business manager of the 
Pennsylvania Law Review. 
Before going to Washington in 
October 1975. he practiced law 
in the litigation department of 
the Chicago firm ofJennerand 
Block. He also served as law 
clerk to U.S. District Court 
Judge Alfred L. Luongo in the 
Eastern District of Pennsylvania. 
His articles on law and public 
policy have appeared in the 
Washington Post, the Harvard 
Journal on Legislation and the 
St. Louis Post-Dispatch. 




In truth, the world has room for more 
than one economic superpower; 
Japan's dazzling economic growth did 
not have to come at our expense. But 
there has been a stunning long-term 
failure of U.S. government policy to 
deal with our own problems at home, 
and to solve the unique challenge 
posed by Japanese trade and industrial 
policy. Hence, the United States 
suffered major damage to its 
manufacturing base: millions of 
workers have lost jobs, and either 
stayed unemployed or found other jobs 
at wages that mal<,e middle-class life 
just a memory and our technological 
edge has eroded or vanished in many 
sectors. Real wages have declined and 
opportunities have diminished. 

Looking back to 1945. using 
approximate time penods, we can 
perceive several distinct periods in U.S. 
policy toward Japan: the intense 
reconstruction period and the height of 
anticommunist concern, including the 
Korean War (1945-55): the period of 
understandable national complacency 
(1 955-65): the period of competitive 
slippage while our national attention 
focused on other pressing issues, such 
as Vietnam, civil rights, the energy 
shocks (1966-1980); and the Reagan- 

Bush years, in which our trade and 
competitive problems were 
unmistakably clear, but naivete, 
ideology and neglect made an effective 
national response impossible (1981- 

The United States helped rebuild 
Japan as an industrial nation because 
the failure of Versailles after World War 
I had taught the hard lesson of just how 
damaging a punitive peace could be, 
and because we wanted— and 
needed — a democratic bulwark against 
communism in Asia. Given the position 
of the Soviet Union, the communist 

11 Summer 1992 

In truth, the world has room for more than one economic superpower; 
Japan's dazzling economic growth did not have to come at our expense. 
But there has been a stunning long-term failure of U.S. government 
policy to deal with our own problems at home, and to solve the unique 
challenge posed by Japanese trade and industrial policy. 

triumph in China in 1949 and the 
outbreak of war on the Korean 
peninsula in 1950, concern about the 
future of Japan and the need for an 
anticommunist beachhead in that part 
of the world was certainly 

Our industrial power was so enormous, 
our domestic market so profitable, 
Japan's resources and potential 
seemingly so limited that the thought of 
competition from Japan was simply 
unfathomable. The doctrine of 
"comparative advantage" suggested 
that Japan with its abundant labor pool 
and scarce resources was going to 
be — and stay — the maker of cheap 
toys, which were their first imports to 
the United States. Most of the 
agreements by which U.S. companies 
licensed their technological 'crown 
jewels" to Japan for a pittance occurred 
in part because it was the price of 
doing business in Japan, but also 
because the U.S. companies believed 
themselves unassailable. 

By the 1970s, however, the 
complacency and the prosperity of the 
1950s and 1960s had been severely 
jolted. In 1971, the United States ran its 
first merchandise trade deficit of the 
20th century. Japanese competition — 
fair and unfair — devastated the U.S. 
color television industry. The U.S. steel 
industry, having granted excessively 
generous wage and benefits 
settlements to the steelworkers in 
return for a no-sthke pledge, sought 
relief from Japanese steel imports. 
After the Arab oil embargo of 1 973, 
small, energy efficient Japanese cars 
first captured a significant chunk of the 
U.S. market. The decade closed with 

Harvard Professor Ezra Vogel, a 
leading student of Japan, writing his 
prescient Japan as Number One, which 
detailed the remarkable progress that 
Japan had made in education, worker 
training and industrial innovation, 
among other things. 

Through the 1970s, Washington 
showed signs of grasping the 
significance of the competitive 
challenge. President Nixon froze 
wages and phces, and slapped an 
across-the-board tariff surcharge on 
imports. The Tokyo Round of 
multilateral trade talks wrestled for the 
first time with nontariff barriers, which 
were beginning to proliferate to the 
disadvantage of U.S. companies. In 
1979, the U.S. government moved 
vigorously to save the Chrysler 
Corporation and took its first step 
toward a coherent policy for the 
beleaguered steel industry. An 
approach was developing: government 
would help industhes hard-hit by 
foreign imports, but would require a 
quid pro quo from industries and their 
workers — a plan to ensure the 
industry's competitiveness, often 
featuring wage concessions and 
commitment to price restraint. 

Yet after Ronald Reagan's landslide 
victory in 1980, the evolution of a more 
realistic policy, focused on the actions 
needed to maintain U.S. 
competitiveness, stopped abruptly. The 
administration was committed to 
deregulation and ideologically opposed 
anything resembling "industrial policy." 
Moreover, Reagan supported the 
Federal Reserve Board's tight money 
policy and resulting "superdollar" to 
wring inflation out of the economy. The 
deepest recession since the 
Depression (1981-82) ended in 1983 
and gave rise to a sustained period of 
job creation and economic expansion. 
Yet the strong dollar virtually crippled 
U.S. exports and sucked in foreign 

products, particularly from Japan. 
Foreign producers had gained a 
toehold in the U.S. market share. The 
damage that was presumably limited to 
"basic industries" infected virtually all 
the high technology and service 
sectors thought to be the basis for 
future U.S. prosperity. The U.S. trade 
deficit peaked in 1987 at $150 billion; 
roughly 40 percent of the deficit was 
with Japan. 

Confronted with the intense competitive 
challenge from Japan, the Reagan 
administration's phncipal weapon was 
a devout belief in free trade. While 
some key people in the administration 
recognized the importance of opening 
the Japanese market, others frankly 
believed that unilateral free trade 
benefited the United States, since U,S. 
consumers would benefit from access 
to higher quality goods at lower phces 
even if foreign markets remained 
closed to U.S. products. Moreover, the 
administration frequently seemed to 
operate on the assumption that Japan 
shared our underlying commitment to 
free trade and open markets, and any 
deviation from that commitment could 
be remedied by negotiation when the 
oversight was pointed out. 

This thinking qualifies as a good case 
study of what historian Barbara 
Tuchman called "the march of folly." By 
the early 1980s, only people weahng 
ideological blinders could have had any 
doubts about the nature of Japanese 
trade and industrial policy. Japan's 
postwar economic miracle was a tribute 
to extraordinary hard work, intense 
commitment to education, dedication to 
quality, managerial excellence and a 

1 2 Brandeis Review 

At the heart of Japan's rise 
had been the shared vision 
of the elite Japanese 
government bureaucrats in 
collaboration with Japanese 
corporate leadership who 
selected those industries 
and technologies they 
deemed important, and a 
commitment to ensuring that 
those areas received the 
support needed to flourish 

willingness of individuals to subordinate 
themselves to the goals of the 
company and country. But at the heart 
of Japan's rise had been the shared 
vision of the elite Japanese 
government bureaucrats in 
collaboration with Japanese corporate 
leadership who selected those 
industries and technologies they 
deemed important, and a commitment 
to ensuring that those areas received 
the support needed to flourish 

In general, this support included low- 
cost long-term financial assistance 
either from the government or from 
banks with close ties to the corporate 
group in question. Within the sectors, 
the Japanese government often 
encouraged intense competition 
between Japanese companies, but the 
market was closed to foreign 
competition, irrespective of the quality 
of the foreign products. The Japanese 
governments approach included a 
readiness to make Japanese 
consumers pay higher pnces so that 
companies could build volume, improve 
their products and become world 
leaders in export markets. This 
nurturing of industries through a 
combination of "promote and protect" 
was a distinctly Japanese model of 
capitalism that bore no resemblance to 
the American pattern of commitment to 
free trade and aversion to government 

At different times, Reagan 
administration officials asserted 
different rationales for their policies. 
They admitted that Japan had been 
more closed than we were, but argued 
that Japan was rapidly becoming more 
open because of indigenous consumer 
impatience with the deprivations 
inflicted by the Japanese government. 
American officials claimed that the fate 
of our "basic industries" was not crucial 
because our future strength was in high 
technology and services, as they 

ignored the fact that the Japanese 
model was proving particularly effective 
for high technology as well. Some 
administration officials occasionally 
recognized the threat posed by 
Japanese industnal policy, but argued 
that such a policy could not work in the 
United States. 

The absence of a strategy toward the 
Japanese challenge showed clearly in 
the rapidly shifting demands that the 
Reagan administration made of Japan. 
Within the span of a very few years, at 
different times, Japan was asked to 
export less, import more, strengthen 
the yen, stimulate the domestic 
economy, stop exporting and invest in 
the United States. 

Under pressure from Congress, as 
high-wage jobs disappeared, the 
Reagan administration did grant import 
relief to a variety of industries, 
particularly autos. machine tools, steel, 
and semiconductors. But most often, 
the administration granted the relief 
belatedly and required nothing of the 
companies or industries in return. The 
overall policy was clear, particularly 
through 1985: free trade without the 
requirement of reciprocal opportunities 
in the Japanese market, without an 
industrial policy to help failing 
industries or support emerging 
technologies, without an adjustment 
policy to assist displaced workers or 
hard-hit communities. It was a formula 
for competitive suicide. 

13 Summer 1992 



Japanese corporate officials and 
bureaucrats were not impressed by ttie 
ability of U.S. companies to focus and 
compete; they were probably even less 
impressed by the feckless performance 
of the U.S. government. Periodically, 
Japanese business leaders such as 
Sony's chairman, Akio Morita, would 
express amazement at the willingness 
of the U.S. government to stand by and 
let the country's manufacturing 
capacity erode. As University of 
California Professor Chalmers 
Johnson, perhaps the foremost expert 
on Japan, wrote, "The failure of 
American leaders whether to 
comprehend the Japanese economic 
challenge or to create appropriate 
policies to meet it is probably the 
greatest national scandal since the end 
of World War II. ...The Reagan 
administration. ..following in the wake of 
its predecessors, allowed Japan 
virtually to destroy many of America's 
high-tech industries." 

While the Republican administrations 
bear the lion's share of the 
responsibility for failing to respond to 
the challenge from Japan, the 
Democrats deserve blame as well. 
Almost from the onset of the 1980s, the 
Democrats, who were reading the 
works of Ezra Vogel, Chalmers 
Johnson, Clyde Prestowitz, Ira 
Magaziner, Robert Reich, Jim Fallows 
and others, understood the magnitude 
of the challenge. They formed task 
forces, wrote reports, recommended 
policies and fought for legislation on 
trade, technology policy and changes 
in government organization. Yet at key 
intervals, usually in election years, they 
fell back on familiar themes and issues 

such as safeguarding Social Security 
and fighting for tax fairness. It certainly 
was a factor that any Democrat who 
raised his profile on the Japan issue 
was condemned as a protectionist, a 
"Japan basher," an apostle of "doom 
and gloom," or an advocate of 
"industrial policy." Many of the harshest 
attacks came not from Republicans, 
but from the press and the "friendly fire" 
of Democratic economists. Some 
Democrats in Congress, to their credit, 
persevered, but the Democratic 
nominees in 1984 and 1988 completely 
failed to make the competitive 
challenge from Japan an issue when 
the whole country might have been 

The Bush administration took office 
with the advantage of a consensus in 
favor of a firmer, more pragmatic trade 
policy and the tools to carry it out, 
granted by the 1988 Omnibus Trade 
Act. Initially, there appeared to be 
grounds for cautious optimism that a 
more tough-minded policy was coming. 
The administration designated Japan 
under "Super 301 " as an unfair trader 
with respect to forest products, 
computers and satellites, raising the 
stakes on the trade issue. Recognizing 
that endless disputes over individual 
products had dissipated goodwill, 
accomplished relatively little and left 
the essence of the Japanese system 
fully intact, the administration launched 
the Strategic Impediments Initiative 
(Sll), discussions on the major 
structural items which the United 
States believed needed changing in the 
Japanese system. 

By April 1990, Ambassador Caria Hills, 
the United States trade representative, 
declared victory before the Senate 
Finance Committee, claiming that 
Japan had made "extraordinary 
progress" in opening markets and 
becoming a more consumer-oriented 
society. The bilateral trade deficit had 

It is dangerous, 
unjustifiable and self- 
defeating for Americans to 
succumb to thinking 
that decline is inevitable. 
The United States still 
leads the world in 
many high-value, high- 
wage industries, 
including computers, 
aerospace, software, 
chemicals, plastics and 

14 Brandeis Revii 

decreased from $60 billion to $41 
billion, Japan had become the second 
leading recipient of U.S. exports (after 
Canada), and many U.S. companies — 
Schick, McDonalds, IBM— were 
household names in Japan, But new 
problems continued to emerge. The 
Japanese manufacturing presence in 
the United States— which had been 
much sought after — did not deal with 
U.S. suppliers as much as U.S. 
companies. The Sll talks floundered; 
discussions about why the Japanese 
system was unfair encountered 
understandable resistance, Japan lent 
virtually no support to the U,S, efforts 
to complete the Uruguay Round of 
multilateral trade negotiations. Any 
progress of opening the Japanese 
market was not enough to keep up with 
the growing fissures in the relationship, 
particularly as the U.S. recession 

The combination of anger, resentment 
and loss of confidence that marked 
American attitudes toward Japan at the 
beginning of 1992 has, for the moment, 
receded, as the Los Angeles hots 
prompt us to focus on the problems of 
race, the poor and the cities. The 
collapse of the Japanese stock market 
and some signs of U,S, economic 
recovery had the effect of easing U,S. 
fears and deflating Japanese 
confidence as well. As Wall Street 
Jouma/ foreign editor Karen Elliot 
House wrote, the Japanese no longer 
look like the 1 0-foot tall economic 
terminators; they have their own 
serious problems. 

Without underestimating the current 
Japanese problems, we should 
recognize that this reassuring theme 
recurs about once every decade. Many 
experts predicted that the price shock 
of the Arab oil embargo in 1973 would 
devastate the Japanese economy that 
was 99 percent dependent on imported 
oil for energy. The Japanese 
government passed the cost through, 
the economy absorbed one year of 16 
percent inflation and the economic 
miracle resumed. Growth soared, and 
improvements in energy efficiency and 
diversification of sources made Japan 
far less dependent on imported oil than 
they had been. In 1985, experts 
predicted that the strong yen would 
inflict great damage on the export-led 
Japanese economy. Instead, the 
pressure imposed by the "super yen" 
made the Japanese corporations 
restructure and modernize at an even 
more ferocious clip, maintaining their 
export markets without a hitch. The 
currency changes did, however, make 
U.S, real estate and manufactuhng 
assets much less expensive, leading to 
enormous increases in Japanese 
ownership of U,S, assets. 

The truth is that in the intense global 
competition that will mark the 
foreseeable future, Japan has 
enormous assets; corporations flush 
with capital to invest; government that 
plays a supportive role for business; an 
extremely skilled work force; a 
commitment to civilian R&D that far 
outstrips ours; and a growing 
excellence in basic science to go along 
with their unsurpassed ability to 
translate scientific breakthroughs into 
new commercial products. 

many high-value, high-wage industries, 
including computers, 
telecommunications, aerospace, 
software, biotechnology, chemicals, 
plastics and pharmaceuticals. With the 
dollar down, our exports are close to 
record levels. Even our downsized 
steel companies are world-class 
competitors. America retains many 
assets needed for national success in a 
competitive world. 

Our national failure has been 
disproportionately a failure of 
government policy and political leaders. 
Preoccupied with foreign policy 
concerns; oblivious to national 
economic interests; unwilling to invest 
adequately in education, training, 
infrastructure and civilian R&D; hostile 
to the idea of government-business 
cooperation: naive about, or 
ideologically unwilling to recognize, the 
enormous differences between our 
system and Japan's— the indictment is 

But the truth is that our government 
has also failed to deal with a host of 
problems that have nothing to do with 
Japan. We live with budget deficits, an 
abysmal health care system, epidemics 
of guns, drugs and AIDS and urban 
conditions that no civilized nation 
should find tolerable. When we have a 
government that attacks the problems 
facing our country, we will rebuild our 
domestic competitiveness and 
formulate a coherent policy toward 
Japan, Until then, we will continue to 
squander our great national 
advantages. ■ 

But House and other commentators 
make an important point. It is 
dangerous, unjustifiable and self- 
defeating for Americans to succumb to 
thinking that decline is inevitable. The 
United States still leads the world in 

15 Summer 1992 

The Dispossessed: 

An Interview 

with Jacqueline Jones 

by Brenda Marder 

The issue of poverty in the 
United States has 
prompted politicians, 
journalists, policymakers 
and scholars to analyze 
and offer solutions for this 
persistent and seemingly 
intractable problem. This 
season alone, four major 
books have appeared and 
are being reviewed and 
quoted nationwide. 
Heading the list is The 
Dispossessed: America's 
Underclasses from the 
Civil War to the Present, 
by Brandels history 
professor Jacqueline 
Jones. Others are: 
Rethinking Social Policy: 
Race, Poverty and the 

Underclass, by 
Christopher Jencks; The 
New Politics of Poverty: 
the Nonworking Poor in 
America, by Lawrence 
Mead; Two Nations: Black 
and White, Separate, 
Hostile, Unequal, by 
Andrew Hacker; and Race: 
How Blacks and Whites 
Think and Feel about the 
American Obsession, by 
Studs Terkel. 

As an historian, Jones 
uses the sweep of history 
to demolish the notion 
that poor people are 
different from other 
Americans. By chronicling 
the experiences of the 
poorest Americans from 
the time of the Civil War 



through the 1990s, 
she shows how economic 
factors and lack of 
protection by the law has 
forced the destitute to the 
outer rim of the economy, 
pushed them from their 
homes and splintered their 
families. She argues that 
the American poor 
historically have struggled 
toward a better life and 
performed some laudable 
feats to keep body and 
soul together. The 
Brandeis Review 
interviewed Jones in April 
(before the Los Angeles 
riots). What follows 
is an edited text of that 

Marder: I noted that your book's 
title contains the designation 
"underclass," a word that is 
freighted with connotations. 

Jones: No, I didn't use the word 
"underclass" in the singular. I 
deliberately put the word 
"Underclasses" in the subtitle in 
the plural: America's Underclasses 
from the Civil War to the Present. I 
also avoided the word "underclass" 
throughout the book. "Underclass," 
as it is being used conventionally, 
refers to persistent and concentrated 
poverty. People who study the 
"underclass" look almost 
exclusively at the inner-city black 
ghetto in the North. Thus they 
exclude poverty in rural areas, or 
any section outside of the inner 
cities. The point I try to make in my 
book is that the black inner-city 
poor are not the only poor in this 
country today. In fact, the poor in 
rural areas actually outnumber the 
urban poor. For instance, in North 
Carolina the infant mortality rate in 
1991 was among the highest in the 
nation at 10.8 percent. 

Marder: By using the term 
"underclasses," though, haven't you 
caused readers to misunderstand 
your thesis? For instance, a reviewer 
m The Boston Globe, 
misunderstanding the subtlety of 
youi using it in the plural, 
complained that the term is "more 
than a description of behavior," it is, 
he insisted, "a metaphor for three 
widely shared perceptions: 
Conditions within inner cities are 
unprecedented; the problems there 
are complex and interconnected; 
and they menace the rest of 

(ones: I used "underclasses" in the 
subtitle because I wanted to capture 
people's attention. I wanted to say 
that I have something to contribute 
to the so-called "underclass" debate 
but that I'm also going to make you 
think about the way you use the 
term By using "underclasses" in 
the plural, I am talking about a 

variety of poor populations, a 
variety of what I call "distressed 
communities," many of which do 
share similar characteristics with 
those in the inner city. By using that 
word in the plural, I found a way to 
have people say, "I've never seen 
that word. What does it mean? I 
thought there was only one 

Marder: "Poverty," you write, 
"abides no line drawn by color or 
culture." You assert that "forces of 
marginalization engulf both black 
and white." Do you conclude that 
the root cause of poverty is 

Jones: Yes, I see poverty as the 
product of larger historical and 
economic forces. Conversely, many 
commentators in this country today 
see poverty as the result of personal 
pathology, that is, lack of character, 
lack of ambition, those kinds of 
failings. If we look at poverty within 
these distressed populations, we can 
see how certain groups of people got 
caught up in larger historical 
transformations. They've been 
pushed off the land or out of their 
jobs, not necessarily through any 
fault of their own, but because their 
labor is not needed in a particular 
context. I think we have to 
remember that our system produces 
poverty as naturally as it produces 
prosperity. As businesses 
consolidate, streamline, become 
more efficient, they inevitably 
displace workers. 

Marder: Can you give me some 

Jones: The American economy 
works well when it becomes more 
efficient, when it can compete 
internationally. But it automatically 
creates various poor populations. 
Take as an example the steel 
industry, which was in big trouble 
in the 1970s and 1980s because of 
foreign imports. The steel industry 
successfully met the challenge: it 
pared down the white collar 
managerial sector and cut the work 
force by half. For the Indiana steel 
belt, that translated into a lot of 

17 Summer 1992 

impoverished communities. 
Another good example is North 
Cdrohna's textile industry. Under 
siege from foreign competitors, it 
also consolidated and mechanized. 
Between 1980 and 1988, 1,250 
textile and apparel plants closed. 
The Bureau of Labor estimates that 
tLXtile machine operators and 
tenders will decrease by 30 percent 
m the next 10 years or so, a fact that 
will wieak havoc on the population 
(it North Carolina's Piedmont area. I 
should note that nearly one-third of 
all people in North Carolina and 
Indiana live outside of urban 
centers. They are older, poorer and 
in worse health than their 
counterparts in cities. 

Marder: Then poverty really cuts 
across all racial and ethnic hues. 

Jones: Rural Indiana and North 
Carolina textile regions are home to 
blacks and also whites whose 
forebears fled the coal mining and 
lumber camps of Appalachia. These 
groups and the generations-old, 
black middle class in Washington, 
D.C., contradict starkly the 
falsehood behind racial politics — 
that all blacks are poor and all 
whites are middle class. 

Marder: In your book, you 
concentrate in large measure on the 
poverty within the black 
community, tracing their hardships 
from the Civil War, through the 
hard-scrabble postbellum years right 
up through the 1990s. You explain 
how blacks historically have been 
trapped in poverty. 

Jones: Within the poor population, 
you can discern hierarchies. I find it 
necessary to break the poor 
population down into various 
constituent groups: this approach 
reveals that when we find blacks 
and whites employed in the same 
workplace or living in the same 
community, chances are that whites 
possess incremental advantages. 
Sometimes the advantages enjoyed 
by poor whites are minimal, but 
they do nonetheless obtain 
advantages. For example, often 
when coal miners are assigned jobs 

inside and out, usually the white 
workers will be given the outside 
jobs; in the South, when agricultural 
workers moved into sharecropping 
or tenant farming, it was usually the 
white farmers that could move 
more easily into the higher status of 
tenants. Historically, whites have 
been given preference over blacks in 
the hiring of semiskilled workers, 
even though members of both racial 
groups had the same amount of 
formal education or factory work 
experience. Some of these examples 
point to only modest advantages, 
but consequently, some groups of 
whites have gained a foothold in 
various industries. 

Marder: Name a major boon that 
whites have enjoyed through the 

Jones: Freedom of movement — 
freedom to leave one community 
and search for work elsewhere. If 
you look at the history of the ghetto 
in the North, that constituted a 
legal entity. 

Marder: Legal entity? 

Jones: A legal entity — by that I 
mean blacks found it very difficult 
to move outside of the ghetto 
because zoning restrictions in 
suburban areas or white 
homeowners associations, in 
collusion with the federal 
government, restricted blacks. Now, 
of course, those restrictions are 
unlawful. Before the mid-1960s or 
so, blacks could not move to better 
areas where schools and jobs were 
better. Now, though, middle-class 
blacks, who were formerly confined 
to ghettos, have moved out, leaving 
behind very poor people. Those left 
behind are not confined by law but 
by economic reality. 

Marder: Those people who are still 
left in the inner city — if legal 
barriers have been removed, why do 
you think they are still there? 

1 8 Brandeis Review 

Jones: One key reason is the lack of 
a decent education. The schools in 
poor areas are underfunded and 
understaffed. Schooling is unequal 
for these children; it's not going to 
prepare them for a good job. Even if 
children finish high school, good 
entry-level jobs are no longer 
available in many cities. These high 
school graduates will get part-time 
jobs or lov/-paying jobs without 
benefits and that will not lead to a 
better outcome. 

Marder: Was this historically the 

Jones: Not quite. Earlier in the 
century, city folks could work at 
jobs that didn't require much skill 
or training and once they were able 
to accumulate some money, they 
might open a business of their own. 
Or they might, once in the 
workplace, move up the ladder into 
a semiskilled or white-collar job. 

Marder: Were these opportunities 
open to blacks as well? 

Jones: At certain points in time. In 
1916, during the First World War, 
when blacks migrated out of the 
South, the country was mobilizing, 
and foreign immigration had ceased 
because of hostilities in Europe. 
There was a great demand for labor 
and many blacks found jobs in 
defense plants. This was also true 
during World War n. 

Marder: But once the country 
demobilized, how did blacks fare? 

Jones: They were the first to be 
pushed out of the factories as the 
country switched to a peacetime 

Marder: I read the section in your 
book that describes vividly the 
horrendous conditions under which 
blacks existed in the postbellum 
years in the South. I conclude from 
that reading that due to the politics 
of race and economic factors, they 
remained almost as enslaved as 
before emancipation. Am I 

"^i!*^ 19 Summer 1992 


Jones: Certainly there are 
differences between slavery and the 
postbellum period. The black family 
could not exist as a legal entity 
under slavery. After slavery, black 
families began to exert their 
integrity. Black communities 
founded their own churches, 
established their own schools. On 
the other hand, they remained in an 
economically subordinate position. 
They were held to the countryside 
within the plantation economy. I 
try to show how they could move 
around within that economy, but 
since there were no real job 
opportunities in Southern cities, 
and since before 1916 there were no 
real opportunities in the North, 
they had to remain in an essentially 
exploitative situation. 

Marder: What I found compelling 
was your examples of how blacks 
engage in the same kind of survival 
tactics now in the inner cities as 
they did in the 19th century. 

Jones: There are similarities in 
household strategies. People forage; 
they cooperate with their neighbors,- 
they piece together a living 

wJ- . .^ 

Jacqueline Jones, Harry S. 
Truman Professor of 
American Civilization, 
joined the Brandeis 
Department of History in 
1991. Sliebadbeena 
professor of history at 
Wellesley College since 
1976 and spent from 1988 
to 1990 as Clare Boothe 
Luce Visiting Professor of 
History at Brown 
University. Her most 
recent book. The 

)ispossessed: America's 
Underclasses from the 
Civil War to the Present, 
received national 
attention for its treatment 
of the issues surrounding 
poverty, which defies 
traditionally employed 
racial terms and focuses 
on the American South, 
Southeast and deep 
South. Earlier 
publications include 
Soldiers of Light and Love: 
Northem Teachers and 
Georgia Blacks, 1865- 
1873 and Labor of Love, 
Labor of Sorrow: Black 
Women, Work and the 
Family from Slavery to 
the Present, which was 
awarded the Bancroft 

Prize m American History 
and the Browm 
Publication Prize of the 
Association of Black 
Women Historians. She 
was a finalist for the 
Pulitzer Prize in History 
in 1986. A member of Phi 
Beta Kappa at the 
University of Delaware, 
she graduated in 1970 
with distinction and high 
honors hi American 
studies. She earned her 
doctorate and master's 
degrees in American 
history at the University 
of Wisconsin, Madison. 

sometimes in a patchwork way — a 
few odd jobs here, part-time work 
there. People do the kinds of work 
that are really not recognized by 
employers or welfare agents as 
productive labor. The women may 
be exchanging services, sharing 
their meager cash, yet welfare 
workers will complain that these 
people are not working, that they're 
living on the state, they're 
dependent. I wanted to demonstrate 
that there exists a kind of moral 
economy, an underground economy 
that is not necessarily defined by 
dollars, but one that reveals the 
resourcefulness of poor people. In 
fact, all of their labors do not show 
up on the welfare agent's tabulation. 
Many people have a compelling 
interest not to report certain modest 
forms of income because then all of 
their benefits are reduced 
accordingly, which makes their 
lives even more precarious. 

Marder: I noted while your book is a 
fine piece of scholarship, you do 
betray a great deal of sympathy for 
people who are oppressed by 
poverty. That sentiment really 
comes through. 

Jones: While I was doing the 
research I was struck by the 
resourcefulness of these families 
who show a great deal of initiative 
in seeking out various jobs. 
Sharecroppers, for instance, never 
stopped working. In slack seasons, 
they'd go off the plantation and find 
wagework and then return during 
the harvest season. Meanwhile, 
their wives would take in laundry 
and their children would fish or 
pick berries. They weren't shiftless 
or lazy people, and yet they have 
been stigmatized as such through 
the generations. Most were really 
making heroic efforts at times to 
provide for themselves and to resist 
dependency. They wanted to 
provide for themselves and yet they 
have received nothing but 
opprobrium as a result. What a 
bitter irony. 

Marder: You argue against the 
concept of the "culture of poverty." 
You stress that poverty does not 

20 Brandeis Review 

isolate people from the mainstream, 
as many social scientists and 
policymakers claim. 

Jones: The term, "culture of 
poverty," implies that poor people 
make up a subculture, as if they 
didn't share the values the rest of us 
do — having a nice place to live, a 
formal education, a good job. These 
values are not exclusive to the 
wfhite middle class. The poor share 
those goals but too often they are 
not successful in achieving them. A 
lot of public policy is based on a 
misapprehension that poor people 
are enveloped by this "culture of 
poverty," so that they can't help 
themselves. They assume that the 
poor wouldn't help themselves even 
if provided the advantages of more 
well-to-do people, like good schools 
and decent jobs that pay a fair wage. 
This is an extremely patronizing 
point of view. That's one reason I 
wanted to contribute an historical 
view. If we look at the histories of 
individual families we can actually 
document their struggles to make a 
better life. 

Marder: Because you are an 
historian your work is descriptive 
rather than prescriptive. As we read 
your analysis, we end up with a 
sense of desperation. You write that 
"as the poor population comes to be 
ever more foreign, native-bom 
white and even (formerly) middle 
class, a politics based on race proves 
ever more self-defeating for blacks 
and whites alike. In the early 1990s 
the political leaders who understand 
this fact are few and far between, so 
rooted in the national consciousness 
is the idea of black distinctiveness." 

Jones: I write this because if you 
hsten to the major candidates today, 
they are not really addressing the 
issues of poverty. Nobody wants to 
address the issue of these distressed 
communities. My theory about this 
silence is that too many politicians 
think that if they talk about 
poverty, they've got to talk about 
blacks. If they discuss blacks, they 

assume they'll have to raise a host 
of so-called controversial and 
divisive issues related to drugs, 
crime, welfare. My point is that we 
have to acknowledge that blacks in 
this country have a unique history: 
they were the only group to be 
enslaved. But they are not the only 
poor people in this country. Larger 
historical transformations that have 
brought black people to where they 
are have also affected certain groups 
of white people as well. So my point 
is that a class analysis is much more 
compelling than a race analysis. 

Marder: Why is this so difficult for 
politicians to argue? 

Jones: For a politician to make one 
point about the uniqueness of 
blacks and at the same time 
elaborate on the bonds of all poor 
people doesn't make for a very good 
sound bite. Politicians need to make 
it clear that you can acknowledge 
both positions at the same time. 
They fear that if they insist upon 
the uniqueness of blacks, they will 
be accused of marginalizing them. If 
they include them without special 
description in a general discussion 
of poverty, then politicians fear that 
they will be accused of not 
recognizing the very real, special 
problems that blacks face. Because 
of the nature of political debate 
today, complex issues don't get 

Marder: One of the reasons 
meaningful debates don't take place 
is that none of the politicians has 
the vision to articulate issues and 
solutions. Can the poor form 
coalitions to have more national 

Jones: There is very little 
understanding among displaced 
rubber workers in Ohio that their 
plight stems from the same forces of 
dispossession as that of people in 
inner-city Detroit. There are a lot of 
barriers that need to be overcome — 
class, racial, regional and others. I 
think that one lesson the recession 
has taught people is that you can be 
out of work but not morally 
deficient. One of the great myths in 

America has been that this is a land 
of opportunity and if you are out of 
work, there must be something 
wrong with you in terms of 
intelligence or ambition. Certainly 
as more and more people line up to 
collect unemployment 
compensation, that view becomes 
less and less tenable. 

Marder: What about mobility, the 
old American panacea that in this 
huge country if you can't get work 
in one region, you can move to 

Jones: That won't work any more. 
Today if you're down on your luck 
in the Mississippi Delta, and you 
move to Los Angeles, it's not going 
to help you. If you don't have much 
in the way of education or skills, 
you'll end up with low-level 
employment that will keep you 
poor. Education, day care, affordable 
housing, health insurance, decent 
jobs — all of these issues need to be 
linked by politicians and 
policymakers, but they are not 
making those connections. 

Marder: What will your next book 
be? Will you stay with the same 

Jones: A variation of it. I'm doing a 
study of the American social 
division of labor, that is, how 
certain jobs get parceled out to 
particular groups over the 
generations. I'll begin with the 
colonial period and move to the 
present. I'm very interested in one 
of the themes I brought up in The 
Dispossessed — encounters between 
black and white workers in the 
workplace to see how and when 
political cooperation took place. My 
theory is that, in certain times and 
places, there is much more fluidity 
in race relations than is usually 
thought — such as, during the 
Populist years in the late 19th 
century and during the 1930s with 
the founding of the CIO. I enjoy 
doing big projects like books rather 
than articles, and my books seem to 
come in seven-year spurts. ■ 

21 Summer 1992 

Turner's official 
purctiasing permit 

Alyssa Wendy Turner 90 majored in English and 
American literature at Brandeis. She spent the 
spring of 1990 studying Russian language and 
culture at the AS. Pushkin Institute In Moscow. 
Toward the end of the summer, following her 
return to the United States, she unexpectedly 
received an invitation from the director of a then- 
forming private Soviet school— a venture 
previously unheard of— to return to /Moscow for a 
year as a teacher of English and American 
language, literature, culture and history. Already 
missing Moscow, eager to know the country better 
and anxious to be reunited with her friends, she 

This Is the story of Turner's second stay In 
Moscow. September 3, 1990 to June 19, 1991. 
This sojurn was highly unusual In that, unlike most 
foreigners living in the Soviet Union, she was 
completely Immersed In Soviet society, having 
virtually no contact with other foreigners. She 

A Russian Winter: 

by Alyssa Turner '90 

Amidst tlie 
Sparldes of Gold 

lived In a Soviet apartment, 
taught Intensive evening 
courses In a Soviet school 
for a ruble salary, shopped 
exclusively in Soviet stores 
and outside of the classroom 
spoke only Russian. Her 
students comprised two 
groups of six- and seven- 
year-olds to whom she 
taught basic English, and six 
groups of high school 
students from specialized 
English schools (certain 
Soviet state schools 
specialize in various areas, 
for example mathematics, 
humanities or sports) to 
whom she taught courses 
primarily In British poetry. 

She encountered many of 
the typical difficulties and 
unpleasantnesses of the 
Soviet workplace during her 
experience as a teacher. 
Including the initial apathy of 
her students, severe 
animosities and jealousies 
among teachers, and the 
blatant anti-Semitism of an 
administrator who 
continually harassed her. 
The administrator was finally 
fired for, among other 
activities, spreading 
slanderous gossip to the 

Personages named in the journal are as follows: 
Tatiana Is the director of the school where Turner 
taught: Andrei and Dima are roommates in the 
university dormitory, both from the southern 
Russian city of Volgograd: Tanya is a Muscovite 
friend and university student: Slava Is the 
husband of Yana, a friend from Kiev, whom 
Turner visited In March: Natasha is a friend and 
history teacher in the school: Katya Is an 
upperclass student in one of Turner's groups. 

This account of my year in IMoscow was taken almost entirely from diaries 
and letters written at the time. What I wrote about, in those rare moments of 
leisure when I found the time or presence of mind to write, were the things 
in my daily life that disturbed me and haunted me. Only rarely did I interject 
descriptions of the many joyful occasions that sustained me despite all the 
surrounding ugliness; such occasions were many, and I treasure them in 
memory, but I don't write about them because they do not nag to be puzzled 
out on paper. Let me say merely that I love the country, the people, the 
language, the literature, more deeply than I can express, and my closest 
friends are there. Perhaps even because of this love, the ragged ruins of 
Soviet society were so painful to me. 

22 Brandeis Review 

parents of her students, tt^ufi 
causing several to withdraw 
Nevertheless, spurred by 
her feeling of cultural affinity 
for this now sadly nameless 
country. Turner came to 
engage in life there during 
the months of cold, hunger 
and mounting desperation 
immediately preceding the 
August coup. 

She has recently finished 
her master's degree In 
Russian literature at the 
University of Wisconsin at 
Madison. She departed for 
Russia in June for a year's 
stay during which time she 
hopes to form her 
observations and 
experiences into a book. 
l\/leanwhile. she tries to find 
time to write poetry and 
stories and has translated 
poems of several Russian 
poets into English. She and 
Dima, who Is entering his 
final year of study in 
chemistry at l\/loscow State 
University, plan to be 
married in Volgograd this 

irner on the campus 
oi the University of 
Wisconsin, h/ladison, 
late spring. 1992 

September 3, 1990 — On the train to Moscow 

September 20, 1990— Rosh Hashana 

Difficult to believe I am back. There stand the 
scruffy birches, the dachas, the untidy jaundiced 
undergrowth. The first thing we heard on the radio 
last night was that there is no bread in the stores 
in Moscow. 

I wonder if summer ever happens here. It is so 
gray and cold, and those filthy little huts and the 
windowless frames of greenhouses are scattered 
beneath us as the train passes. The old man in 
the bunk above me has a thick down jacket with 
fur trim. 

Last night when I got out of the train at Vyburg on 
the Soviet border, I noticed an old woman in a 
beret walking down the track along the whole 
length of the train, and shining a flashlight onto its 
belly to search for stowaways; she was somehow 
a pathetic stand-in for the usual austere border 

Last night when Andrei gave me a 
pomegranate, I told him the story of 
Persephone, saying I must eat nine seeds for 
my nine months in hell, in a land where there are 
nine months of winter. The sky is darkening 
above the rooftops as I wnte. The holiday is 
ending. Sitting in the kitchen here, I thought I 
heard someone learning to blow the shofar, but I 
must have been mistaken. Like the time last 
year that Andrei and I took shelter from the rain, 
and I thought I heard Kabbalat Shabbat being 
chanted from above. We went skittishly up the 
stairs and stood listening before a huge carved 
wooden door to an eerie hodgepodge of voices, 
of which we could understand nothing, maybe 
because of some sinister power of the rain. A 
strange imagining. Here nothing can be found. 
'All is ground underfoot, like this, and buried 
deep," Andrei said bitterly. 

September 5, 1990 — Moscow 

October 21, 1990 

We have accepted 200 students into our school, 
out of more than 2,000 hopefuls from all over 
Moscow. I think the groups will be very strong in 
general, but still some acceptances were made on 
the basis of the connections of the parents. For 
example, one man from the KGB wanted his 
daughter in, it seems, and there wasn't much 
choice. After all. although private institutions like 
this school are now legal, their status has not 
really been clearly established. Even now we're 
tottering just above an abyss of problems, which 
range from having no access to textbooks or 
xerox machines, to having no capital or the right 
to own our own building. We pay enormous taxes, 
more than 40 percent. A mere snap of someone's 
displeased fingers could shatter the whole dream 
in a moment. We have to be careful. 

The view from my apartment is "typically Soviet," 
but I like it somehow. There are three or four 
white, rickety, 12-floor apartment buildings 
identical to my own. My balcony is cluttered with 
pigeon droppings and rubble and paint left by 
workers when they renovated the flat three 
years ago, but most of the balconies I see have 
flower pots and rows of clothes on clotheslines. I 
can watch the people as they come to hang out 
their clothes or wash their windows— a 
surprisingly common occurrence. Outside there 
is a small "children's square," a plot of grass with 
some trees, monkey bars and a bench where 
the grandmothers sit. Beyond the white buildings 
of my complex, there are more and more ugly 
buildings of vahous shades of gray and brown— 
and blue where the paint has not chipped off. 
Beyond these are factories and smokestacks, 
and from the kitchen I can see just off to the left 
corner of my building where the tram tracks 
curve around to the front. 

23 Summer 1992 


t H n 












-^> ^s 

In the beginning my apartment had no turniture, 
no hot water, no faucet taps, no lights or light 
fixtures, except for two little wires protruding from 
the ceiling in each room. Buying any of the items 
in a store was out of the question. Dima searched 
and searched, and when after a week he came 
back with the needed items, he wouldn't tell me 
where he got them. Other friends have donated 
meager furniture and dishes. So now I'm set and 
comfortable, though I don't have any lamps or 
rugs. One of the teachers in my school knows a 
family that is emigrating, and she said maybe they 
will sell me some of their things; they have to sell 
everything, of course, to pay for the tickets. 

October 27, 1990 

There is no possibility of a shimmering, misty, 
languid ivory tower here, and I am glad of that. 
There is no imagining oneself apart from society. 
There is no illusion that food simply floats like 
manna from the skies into ones outstretched, 
indifferent hands. Every bit of food that enters my 
kitchen has a story to tell. The carrots are still 
covered with thick, wet Russian earth: they have 
only just been pulled from the ground. Meat 
means at least an hour's wait. Today there was a 
bitter fight in which one woman was knocked 
against the floor as she tried to take a piece 
without waiting in line, though the piece had been 
discarded already, nothing but bone and rotting 
gristle. Milk spoils overnight, but if boiled, it will 
last for a day or two. 

The human organism cannot be ignored here. It 
has its cries, its needs. My feet never stop aching 
from the hours of standing in lines. But the 
physical exhaustion is nothing compared to the 
constant scarring of the soul at the sight of people 
mutilated by hardship, transformed into brutes; 
one feels oneself transformed as well, and even 
knows a thrill at the transformation. Somehow this 
rawness strips all masks away and reveals the 
essence of living. 

Decembers, 1990 

dead; a tiger staring out of its cage with desperate 
eyes like those of a human and not a beast; five 
or six leopards in separate tiny cages, pacing as 
though they yearned to walk themselves to death. 
Every animal was hungry — the goats, the 
elephants, the Chinese ponies; every animal was 
biting the bars for food. 

Just like the hunger, the craziness of the people. 
What is left of humanity cowers gibbering in dark 
corners, calmly stirring among broken bottles, 
wiping the streaming blood from its brow like the 
drunkard I saw last night; and only here and there, 
now and then, does it spring up fresh, perfect, 
resilient as a wildflower's starry face amidst 
weeds and rubble. Yet sometimes now, ironically, 
I feel that I myself am more Soviet than anything 
else, and all the rest is wisps of dreams not yet 
faded, since this world that has sucked me in is so 

I'm beginning to fear that my students are numb 
to all I say; even at age 14, 15, 16, they are 
already a part of the grinning, smooth, soundless 
machinery. Maybe they will never learn to think, to 
feel. I thought I could shock them into it somehow, 
but now I begin to doubt. 

January 4, 1991 

On New Year's Eve, Dima and I went to Tanya's, 
where there were four couples in all. We had a 
nice meal and watched The Nutcracker on 
television, and at 1 1 :50 pm Gorbachev gave a 
little speech. At midnight the clock of the Kremlin 
began to chime, and we lit sparklers and threw 
them down from the balcony into the snow. On 
New Year's Day everyone — literally — except us 
was drunk. We finally managed to get tickets to 
see Gone With the Wind, which was interesting 
with Russian translation. I had a fantasy of 
escaping from the city with Dima into the woods, 
lighting a bonfire and roasting potatoes; but we 
were not determined enough, and the sun set too 
early. Gigantic, gaudy "New Year's trees" still 
decorate the city, each topped by a glinting red 
star, identical to the stars of the Kremlin; they 
watch over us all from their supercilious heights. 

Dima and I went to the zoo on Saturday, and 
there was very little there, but what was there was 
horrible: two elephants in a tiny, stinking indoor 
room, one of them obviously crazed, endlessly 
shaking its head and trunk as though to rid itself 
of some unbearable vision; a bear heavily asleep 
in a freezing outdoor cage, or hibernating, or even 

January 15, 1991 

We have winter again, not winter as before — that 
was just a bit of ice and slush. Now we have the 
true Russian winter. A wind that grieves as a wind 
in no other country can grieve. Thick snow that 
sifts about skirts and boots without a sound. An 
impenetrable white sky, like the space of 
imagination in which the possibility of imagination 

24 Brandeis Review 

'■'■1^0 uj 









has been lost, like the marble of a tomb, like the 
face of a sheet of paper afraid to bear words. The 
cold enters the soul like a knife with the fear, the 
dull, gnawing unease, the sense of something 
about to happen. 

January 18, 1991 

Everyone here is wrapped up now in events in 
Lithuania, and abhorrence of Gorbachev has 
reached its highest pitch; people positively spit his 
name on the filthy sidewalks, pfthth! There are 
reporfs of the possible organization of Lithuanian 
and Latvian national armies, and Yeltsin has 
suggested the formation of a similar Russian 
army, although with the looming Kremlin right 
here in IVIoscow, any civil war in Russia herself is 
probably far away. Nevertheless, the fervor is 
catching. The slogan of the day is "Today 
Lithuania — Tomorrow Russia." Meetings have 
been taking place all over the city, and even 
Dima's afternoon classes in the university were 
called off one day so that the students and 
professors could meet to discuss the local 
implications of recent events in the Baltics. 
f\/leanwhile, a sensationalist Leningrad newsman 
has announced that the alleged murders in Vilnius 
did not even occur; he says the corpses were 
stolen from the morgue, shot and put in position. 

January 22, 1991 

Sasha, Tatiana's husband, loathes her and all 
women, but he is still not the worst husband she 
could have. He knows how to bribe and terrorize; 
thus somehow he always manages to bring home 
meat— beef and American chickens— though 
Tatiana herself doesn't even know where he gets 
it, and doesn't want to know. And he doesn't 
drink, as so many husbands here do, then come 
home and beat her. One sees such couples very 
often— on the streets, trams, buses— respectable 
women in fur coats and hats, with big leather 
pocketbooks and tired, sad eyes cast always 
downward in a long habit of shame. Their 
drooling, red-faced, staggering men in dirty 
jackets and gray slacks hang on their arms, fur 
hats pulled down over one eye. They emit an odor 
that seems to reek from every pore and can fill up 
a whole bus instantaneously. 

January 31, 1991 

The longer I'm in f^oscow, the more I begin to 
sense the absolute loss, or lack, of any center that 
could hold. Soviet morality is topsy-turvy from the 
beginning; it has the semblance of human 
morality, as an old beggar woman has the 
semblance of a human being, but like her, it is so 
shrivelled here, and swollen there, that it hardly 
bears its own weight. And what could glasnost 
possibly have done, but stnke that beggar in the 
jaw. send her spinning on her head? 

To have an idea of the mentality here, one has to 
understand that this country is nothing but a 
gigantic concentration camp in which children 
have been born, and had children of their own, 
and even grandchildren; the daily struggle for 
existence is the only reality this people has ever 
known. People who grew up cringing do not know 
what cringing is. Yet even they can sense the 
surreality of their universe; the parents of one of 
my pupils said not long ago that this country is like 
the nightmarish embodiment of one of Lenin's 
dreams, in which all the nerves of his brain have 
taken on identities of their own and become 
deputies, agents, salesgirls. Not surprising, then, 
living in a world that is so unreal and so terribly 
real at once, that the people have become 
warped, distorted, hardly human creatures at all 
who do not know up from down (for their 
equilibrium depends entirely upon which way 
Lenin's head, in which they dwell, is tilted at any 
given moment), let alone right from wrong. 

When one looks at everything in this light, one 
understands that glasnost was an eminently 
perfect plan. Now that several generations in the 
Prison of this country had passed and the beggar 
creatures in all their haggard glory were complete, 
they had forgotten the need to cringe; they had 
gotten cheeky, desperate, with the vicious 
desperation of animals, not the cool, planned 
desperation of humans. And so it was time for 
glasnost; to shock the people to their foundations 
by the very knowledge that an outside world 
exists — as those who have never seen anything 
but a ceiling are shocked to hear about the sky 
they will never be permitted to see. 

The viciousness seethes in their faces, in their 
voices, and every angry curse or blow rips its 
victim like cutting teeth hungry for gore, 
sharpened on hatred, jealousy, resentment, fear, 
desperation, bitterness— all the ugliest emotions. 
This is the common means of human exchange, 
every tortuous moment of every tortuous day. IVIy 
students are troubled by it and write of it in their 

25 Summer 1992 

February 2, 1991 

Februarys, 1991 

The last days here have been incredibly cold — 
about -30°C, with a wind besides— and today 
most of the schools in Moscow didn't work, but 
ours did. Packs of hungry stray dogs are 
becoming a problem in some cities. My poor cat 
eats whatever she's offered out of necessity: 
kasha, potatoes, rice cereal in milk, cheese, 
barley. She ate a whole side of one of the milk 
curd cakes I made yesterday before I even 
noticed what she was doing. She even nibbles on 
green onions! 

Slava came over yesterday for tea, and he was 
telling me of his fears. In Moscow, rumors are 
circling. A week ago. totally unexpectedly, there 
was an order that all 50- and 100-ruble bills were 
to be turned in within three days to be exchanged 
for bills of lesser denominations. No more than 
the amount of one month's salary could be 
exchanged. One of my students told me that her 
grandmother, an honest pensioner who has been 
saving kopeck by kopeck for years, has lost 
almost everything. The black marketeers and 
extortionists have hardly suffered, however. The 
first day of the exchanges, they were selling 1 00- 
ruble bills in the market near my apartment tor 25 
rubles, and on the second day for 1 0! 

And so the reins have begun to tighten again, to 
keep the people in a dizzy whirl, not knowing what 
is freedom and what is captivity. Yesterday on the 
nightly news program, some minister of 
something-or-other made a special statement in 
response to certain pervasive rumors, promising 
with great solemnity that "phces will not rise." and 
then saying in the same breath that, of course, 
prices will have to rise because it is necessary for 
the transfer to a market economy. But everyone 
understands that it is simply necessary for a 
further subjugation of the people. 

Slava says there will be a civil war. He says the 
people have weapons — some left from World War 
II, some stolen from drunk soldiers, some traded 
from bordering countries through the black 
market. But I find the outcome of a war even more 
scary to contemplate than the continuation of the 
present regime, because there is no counter- 
ideology, no balance, no concept of "right" at all. 
no orator, no symbol. 

I suppose it is strange that I can have such 
thoughts and feelings and still love it here. But I 
do understand why. In the midst of all the 
corruption, there are sparkles of gold, there is 
something— a hope, a promise — something in 
people: Natasha, Dima, Katya. Inexplicably, 
despite all humiliation, some humans remain 
angels. Just some. And that means everything in 
the world. 

Now that the coldest spell is past, already we 
begin to anticipate sphng. and finally I see that 
maybe some of my students are beginning to 
understand what it means to think. I pray this is 
true, because I really throw myself heart and soul 
and bones and skin into this work, hoping to make 
some difference in at least a few minds. Teaching 
literature is something very vague and perhaps, I 
sometimes think in desperation, impossible — it 
means teaching an unsystematized logic, trying to 
convey an aesthetic, ethical, philosophical, 
intuitive sense, all founded upon a basic network 
of knowledge of history and culture. The usual 
way of studying literature here consists merely of 
memorization, repetition and a gasping, 
romanticized worship of the literary work, without 
knowledge of how to read, analyze or understand 
any of its intricate politics and structures. Nearly 
all of my pupils are eager and enthusiastic, and 
that is a start. I am only afraid sometimes that it is 
an eagerness to have yet another variety of 
propaganda poured into their brains — not an 
eagerness to think, to question not only the 
propaganda they have ingested in the past, but 
also everything /am saying. 

February 17, 1991 

This socialist economy is beginning to have a 
strange effect on me, and I keep dreaming of big 
meals, with varieties of food that no one here has 
heard of: restaurants with a quiet, homey, spicy 
atmosphere: and, best of all, department stores 
with racks of pretty clothes. I never thought I was 
tied to having things, but living in a society where 
there is nothing pretty, nothing tasty, nothing 
unique to be had for the asking does take its toll. 
Last night was another one of alarming dreams: 
this time some sort of high holidays service in a 
chapel full of candles; a dog with its paws cut off 
and bloody; a store full of bright clothing; a hall full 
of tables laden with food — plates of lettuce, 
tomato, avocado — which army tanks then 
smashed into the gray concrete; an endless train 
running on a dark, endless track. 

March 14, 1991 

March 8, International Women's Day, turned out 
to be a wonderful day for me. On Thursday, all of 
my students brought me flowers and presents: a 
book of poetry, a painted plate, a little matrioshka 

26 Brandeis Review 


doll, a book of Nabokov's plays. All week long my 
kitchen has looked and smelled like a garden, full 
of tulips, carnations, roses, hyacinths and 

I've been amusing myself by starting to spend 
some of my hard-earned money, which has been 
sitting around in heaps in my apartment all winter, 
ever since the law was passed limiting bank 
withdrawals. In the market last week I bought a 
Romanian dress for my sister, a little rag rug, a 
painted cutting board, a beautifully decorated 
wooden egg, a rabbit-fur hat, pickles, walnuts, 
cucumbers, flat Georgian breads called "lavash," 
which are sold hot and steaming, mandann 
oranges, cinnamon, fir and pussy willow 
branches, a carved wooden comb and a hand- 
sewn nylon wallet with lots of nice pockets to 
replace the one that was stolen from me. Also I 
had a lucky find in a store near me: deodorant! 

March 26, 1991— On the train to Kiev 

a part. But somehow psychologically, deeply, I 
have become an Insider, although paradoxically, I 
can never become an Insider, because Insiders 
are defined by their very ignorance of any 

I think I have come to understand this riddle. 
There are two cultures here; Russian and Soviet. 
The Soviet culture is a great machine that has 
crushed many, many — but not all. Despite the 
generations that have passed, native culture goes 
deep, and there are those who have managed to 
resist with dignity: quietly, each in his or her own 
way, by believing, loving, dreaming, singing, 
writing. And so the machine, ultimately, though it 
has conquered the multitudes, has failed. In 
having lived here, survived here, struggled and 
fought here for truth and courage and beauty, with 
the partnership of my students and my friends, I 
have contributed my part to the general effort and 
become one of them: one of the number of 
Insiders who have triumphed in remaining 
Outsiders after all these years. 

The land is yellow still, and only some of the 
branches are brushed with red, the first fever of 
life. Life will return, and soon: it is gathering 
courage now, and one night soon it will creep out 
everywhere, first the wisping scent, then the 
green tendrils. 

IVly students are wonderful now, and were it not 
for them, I could not work at all. Stores are a 
nightmare as always, and prices are rising. I am 
morally and physically exhausted by this crippled 
society, its ugliness, its unabashed dishonesty 
that poses brazenly as beneficence. I am 
convinced by the workings of this school that 
there is no possibility of doing anything honestly 
here: the structure of the society itself prohibits it. 
But I am also convinced of something else: the 
young generation that is growing up now has 
promise, brings hope. If there is ever any 
possibility— which I am not convinced there is— of 
breaking through the cycles of history, then this 
generation must do it or it will never be done. 

June 19, 1991— On the train to Helsinl^i 

I don't believe I've left. Nothing is real from now 
on. Now, after the heavy gray sky, we've crossed 
the border and suddenly all clouds have melted. 
Such short grass, shaped trees, shiny cars, sunny 
skies. I don't believe in going home. I don't 
believe in any world but that one of tangled green, 
slender birches, stooping buildings. It doesn't 
matter that it is now already a ghost in memory— 
now it is mine forever, with all the other haunted 
halls in which our lives pass away. Already the 
radio signal from Moscow is fading. ■ 

April 20, 1991 

The spring here is nice — pale fruit blossoms, 
feathery green grass and buttercups — but it has 
uncovered the filthy city, and so it is hard to say 
my general mood is one of joy. 




Somehow I have become an Insider here— I don't 
mean just because I earn only rubles, speak only 
Russian, buy food only in state stores or any other 
number of silly reasons — although all of that plays 

27 Summer 1992 

f /\^ 

The Forms of Poetry 

f f 

by Timothy Steele, Ph.D. 77 

When I was eight or nine, my mother read me 
Tennyson's "Locksley Hall." She admired the poem for 
its hope that our race's propensity for war would one 
day cease. Though I was too young to understand 
matters of war and peace, I was much taken with those 
famous lines that are sometimes said to foretell modem 

Timothy Steele received 
his Ph.D. from Brandeis 
in English and American 
Literature in 1977. writing 
his doctoral dissertation 
on the history of detective 
fiction. Since that time he 
has published two 
collections of poems, 
Uncertainties and Rest 
and Sapphics against 
Anger and Other Poems 
and a volume of literary 
criticism and scholarship. 
Missing Measures: 
Modem Poetry and the 
Revolt against Meter. His 
honors include a 
Guggenheim Fellowship, 
a Peter LB. Lavan 
Younger Poets Award 
from the Academy of 

American Poets, the 
Commonwealth Club of 
California Medal for 
Poetry and the Los 
Angeles PEN Center 
Literary Award for Poetry. 
Currently, Steele is a 
professor in the English 
department at California 
State University, Los 
Angeles, and is 
completing a third 
collection of poems. 

For poetry by Steele, see 
back cover. 

For I dipt into the future, far as human eye could see. 
Saw the Vision of the world, and all the wonder that 

would be-. 
Saw the heavens fill Viith commerce, argosies of 

magic sails. 
Pilots of the purple twilight, dropping down with 

costly bales. 

hideed, this passage so impressed me that I memorized 
it, something I had never consciously done with any 
piece of literature before. It had a stirring cadence, and 
the rhymes delighted me. I must have previously heard 
poetry; my mother in fact has told me that she had 
earlier read my brother and sister and me Mother Goose 
and Stevenson's Child's Garden of Verses. Yet this was 
the first time I realized that poetry was something 
special and that by means of it langtiage could carry 
music as well as meaning. 

Tastes and perceptions change, and "Locksley Hall" is, 
for various reasons, no longer my favorite poem. But I 
am still moved by the same qualities that enchanted me 
when my mother read Tennyson. Metered and rhymed 
verse creates a sensuous appeal to the ear and mind that 
no other kind of composition makes. And, for me at 
least, there is no greater joy than hearing a fine poet 
harmonize the infinitely variable rhythms of human 
speech with the fixed patterns of poetic form. 

It was for this reason that when I began to write poems 
in the late 1960s and early 1970s, I did so in meter and 
rhyme and stanza. I hoped that one day something I 
wrote might offer others the same kind of pleasure that 
I derived from poetry. 

At that time, however, the traditional tools of poetic art 
were out of favor, as they still mostly are today. Free 
verse held sway, and form was alleged to place absurd 
and archaic limits on self-expression. Yet even in my 
first fumbling attempts at composing verse, I never felt 
that meter or rhyme were adversarial checks or chains. 
They resisted me, to be sure, but in ways that let me 
develop and test my strength. And on those rare 

28 Brandeis Review 

Alfred Tennvson 

occasions when a couplet or a stanza clicked with my 
own voice and phrasing, I felt incredihly cheered. I felt I 
belonged, albeit in a small and tenuous way, to a 
community of writers that included Shakespeare and 
Ben lonson, Keats and Christina Rossetti, Dickmson 
and Hardy. 

Probably my outlook was also affected by having been 
bom and raised in Vennont and by the fact that from 
the later stages of elementary school on, my classmates 
and I were exposed to the work of a local bard named 
Robert Frost, who was officially installed as the state's 
laureate in the summer of 1961, when I was between 
the seventh and eighth grades. He wrote with 
spellbinding accuracy about a world my friends and I 
saw around us every day. As Vladimir Nabokov once 
noted, no one else ever made snowflakes settle as well 
as Frost did. 

Especially riveting was Frost's ability to bring his 
perceptions into sync with poetic form. He was a 
consummate technician, who time and again 
demonstrated the ways in which scene and mood could 
be shaped and pointed by verse structure. Though this 
quality is difficult to illustrate in short quotations — one 
really should read a number of Frost's poems to feel the 
effect — the following two stanzas of "A Late Walk" 
may indicate something of his musical intelligence: 

And when I come to the garden ground 

The whir of sober birds 
Up from the tangle of withered weeds 

Is sadder than any words. 

^IBP^ Jr ^51^^ ^ 

Frost was as well a master of surprising, yet unstrained, 
rhyme. In his "Evening in a Sugar Orchard," for 
example, he describes sparks which, rising from a 
sugarhouse chimney, catch in the bare maples above 
and form sublunary constellations. And he says of 

They were content to figure in the trees 
As Leo, Orion, and the Pleiades. 

Would anyone, having heard the initial "trees" 
termination, have anticipated that it would be answered 
by "Pleiades?" Yet this word is just right. It is visually 
apt. It is, moreover, intellectually striking, concluding 
as it does the arresting comparison between the small, 
transitory sparks in the trees and the vast and virtually 
immutable stellar groups in the heavens. And it is 
typical of Frost's dexterity and tact that "Pleiades" 
clinches rather than sets up the rhyme. If one flip- 
flopped the lines, they would still make grammatical 
sense, but something of the chann of the couplet would 
be lost. The rhyme would not startle us with the same 
pleasure were the unusual word to precede rather than 
follow the common word. 

Clearly, Frost's self-expression was not inhibited or 
made archaic by poetic form. Nor was he at all reticent 
about his allegiance to meter and rhyme. It was he who 
compared writing free verse to playing tennis with the 
net down. And even if I had not loved traditional poetry 
to begin with, his imposing example would have made 
me cautious of writing poetry in any mode without 
learning beforehand the time-tested procedures for 
versing. I would have felt like a pianist presuming to 
perform sonatas without having learned scales. 

For the first 10 or 12 years that I was writing, literary 
life was lonely, yet there were, happily, some 
extraordinarily gifted established poets working in 
traditional form, among them Richard Wilbur and the 
teacher with whom I worked as a graduate student at 
Brandeis, the late J.V. Cunningham. Cunningham's 
metier was the epigram, which is a short poem that 
aims at making a witty point. Cunningham's wit, 
however, was never simply humorous. His epigrams 
were funny and entertaining (qualities too little in 
evidence in recent poetry); but, as the following two- 
liner reveals, he could at the same time be biting and 

A tree beside the wall stands bare. 

But a leaf that lingered brown. 
Disturbed. I doubt not, by my thought 

Comes softly rattling down. 

29 Summer 1992 

\J f 



\j r r f 

This Humanist whom no beliefs constrained 
Grew so broad-minded he was scatter-brained. 

And this next piece, however clever in its compression, 
is quietly reflective: 

Life flows to death as rivers to the sea. 
And life is fresh and death is salt to me. 

Like Cunningham, Wilbur is a deft craftsman, and he 
has a marvelous ear and eye for detail. No poet observes 
the physical v/orld with greater warmth and acuity. 
Consider his recent poem, "Transit": 

A woman 1 have never seen before 
Steps from the darkness of her tovm-house door 
At just that crux of time when she is made 
So beautiful that she or time must fade. 

What use to claim that as she tugs her gloves 
A phantom heraldry of all the loves 
Blares from the lintell That the staggered sun 
Forgets, in his confusion, how to runl 

Still, nothing changes as her perfect feet 
Click down the walk that issues in the street. 
Leaving the stations of her body there 
As a whip maps the countries of the air. 

Wilbur's choice of words is unerring. "Tugs" perfectly 
renders the image of the woman pulling on or adjusting 
her gloves; "clicks" does the same for the heels coming 
down the walk; "maps" neatly conveys the motion of a 
whip that fluidly shces the air into precincts. 

The poem also illustrates the manner in which poetic 
form can support and vivify subject matter. If 
Cunningham's epigrams achieve their incisiveness 
partly by their meter and rhyme, something comparable 
occurs in "Transit." The poem's subject is the 
transience of human beauty, and its title may recall for 
some readers the observation of Thomas a Kempis, Sic 
transit gloria niundi — "Thus passes away the glory of 
this world." The poignancy of the poem derives from 
the keenly felt realization that, as lovely as the woman 
is, she will fade in time. Yet the poem also intimates 
that in another respect her beauty is as absolute as time 
itself. "Still nothing changes," Wilbur writes; and his 
superb final couplet, in which he imagines that the 
woman's progress to the street is so vivid as to leave 
behind afterimages, suggests that she shapes the very air 

and world through which she passes. And the poem's 
intuition that there is something lasting in the 
evanescent miracle it perceives is affirmed and made 
convincing in the form. It is by his skillful use of form 
that Wilbur catches and distills the moment. On the 
one hand, there is the ephemeral experience; on the 
other, there are those much more pennanent measures 
of poetry (the pentameter couplet Wilbur employs so 
well here goes back at least as far as Chaucer's time], 
measures that can preserve and sustain the experience. 

The work of Cunningham and Wilbur was a great 
comfort and inspiration when I was starting to write. 
Yet in their fidelity to metrical craft, they were the rare 
exceptions, not the rule. The overwhelming majority of 
poets wrote free verse. This situation was summed up 
by the poet Stanley Kunitz in an interview with 
Antaeus magazine that appeared in 1978. "Non- 
metrical verse," Kunitz commented, "has swept the 
held, so that there is no longer any real adversary from 
the metricians." 

Among the younger generation of American poets 
during this period, there seemed no interest whatever in 
form. When my first book appeared in 1979, the 
reviewer for The Hudson Review, the late Richmond 
Lattimore, cited and described one of its poems as 
"desperately and delightfully unfashionable." I had read 
Lattimore's translation of The Iliad in college, and was 
pleased that he thought the poem dehghtful. But I 
experienced a rueful twinge about the desperate part of 
the characterization, since writing in meter and rhyme 
did make me feel at times like a hving fossil. 

Fortunately, this situation began to alter in the 1980s. It 
turned out that, here and there, other young poets had 
been working in traditional forms. The gradual 
emergence of our work was noticed and to my surprise 
and probably to theirs as weU, critics informed us that 

30 Brandeis Review 


we were a movement — the "New Formalism." 
Recently, I published a work of historical scholarship, 
Missing. Measures: Modern Poetry and the Revolt 
against Meter, which examines the ideas and conditions 
that led to modem poetry's break with metrical 
convention. Had the book appeared a decade earlier, it 
would have sunk without trace. Appearing now, 
however, it has been much reviewed and debated. 
Needless to say, many people have resented my raising 
questions about the role of poetic form in poetry, and 
not all comment about the book has been favorable. But 
at least poets are again thinking and talking about 
meter and rhyme and versification. 

Why this has happened now is not clear. I suspect that 
there is a broad-based anxiety, as we approach the 21st 
century, that the great revolution in the arts that took 
place at the dawn of the 20th may have been misguided. 
The original revolutionaries perceived more acutely 
what they wished to challenge or undermine — meter 
and rhyme in poetry, representation in painting and 
sculpture, conventional melodic arrangement in 
music — than what they wished to establish. As a result, 
the revolution had considerable destructive vitality, but 
it did not have comparable constructive powers to 
create alternatives to replace the conventions it swept 

One sees this situation in the field of poetry. After the 
triumph of the free verse movement led by Ezra Pound, 
T.S. Eliot and William Carlos Williams, poetry was left 
at something of a loss. As Williams noted uneasily in 
the early 1930s, the art had entered a kind of "formless 
interim." But the interim led nowhere, and 
formlessness became a permanent and dominant mode 
of poetic expression. Furthermore, the formlessness 
grew more and more formless. The initial 
experimentalists had not wished to do away with 
traditional craft altogether. Eliot in particular 
maintained a kind of dual allegiance to the fornial and 
free throughout his career, and he and Williams were 
alarmed in their later years by what they perceived as 
the rapid decay of poetic practice. 

For a time there was a vague hope that out of the ruins 
of the dismantled old metric, a new metric would arise. 
But, as 1 point out in Missing Measures, this hope 
wasn't practical. Meters reflect patterns of speech that 
occur naturally in language. Poets do not invent them 


out of thin air. To construct a new metrical system, one 
would first have to construct a new language, or the 
pronunciation or accentuation of the existing language 
would have to change radically. So once the battle the 
modernists fought had been won, their followers tended 
simply to maintain a somewhat meaningless spirit of 
rebellion, meaningless because the styles and attitudes 
against which the rebellion had been directed had 
ceased to exist. 

As hopeful as the current interest in traditional form is, 
it is uncertain whether it will lead to a sustained 
revival. As others have observed, the opposition to 
meter is formidable, especially in the creative writing 
programs and organizational poetry networks around 
the country. But perhaps the biggest obstacle to a 
renaissance of metrical art is that, after the upheavals of 
recent times, few poets and readers understand what 
meter is or how it works. 

Meter is organized rhythm. The adjective in this 
definition is as important as the noun. Most speech is to 
some degree rhythmical. Basic devices of sentence 
structure — for example, antithesis and parallelism — 
impose a certain rhythm on language. But the rhythm 
of meter is regularly organized; traditional English 
meter, for example, entails arranging speech into a 
pattern of altemating unstressed and stressed syllables. 
The metrical unit repeats, and the scheme of repetition, 
once it is recognized, can be felt and anticipated as a 
kind of pulse in the verse. 

Meters are based on or derived from normal speech 
patterns. People who do not understand traditional 
versification sometimes say that it is unnatural to write 
in meters because we don't speak in them. But as 
Professor Cunningham was fond of pointing out, we do 
in fact often speak in meters or fragments of them. For 
instance, as a teacher myself I constantly hear students 
utter iambic tetrameters: 

/ need another syllabus. 

My paper isn't ready yet. 

How many classes have I missed? 

You mean this will affect my grade? 

I feel that I deserve an A. 

So, too, with iambic pentameters. Some years ago when 
I was lunching in a cafeteria, I couldn't help but notice 
that a couple at a nearby table was arguing. Though the 
argument was conducted in hissing whispers, 
eventually the woman rose angrily to her feet and, 
before stalking away, said aloud to her companion: 

31 Summer 1992 

s^ f f f 

Emily Dickinson 

"You haven't kissed me since we got engaged." My first 
thought was, What a zinger! My second was that the 
zinger was a perfectly regular iambic pentameter: 

X /x / x/ x/x/ 

You haven't kissed me since we got engaged. 

The point is that if meter is artificial, it is related, as all 
effective artifice is, to nature. That's why meter works. 
If the iambic pentameter did not accommodate actual 
speech rhythms, poets would never have been able to 
use it to write sonnets or epigrams, much less to write 
such longer works as Macbeth or Paradise Lost. 

A final point is that a particular meter is, in one respect, 
simply a general model of a certain type of line. To say, 
for example, that a poem is composed in iambic 
pentameter is merely to note that its lines feature 
alternate unstressed and stressed syllables and that this 
unstressed-stressed (iambic) arrangement repeats five 
(penta-) times. But this does not mean that all the 
unstressed syllables are equally light and all the stressed 
syllables equally weighty. Rather, what a poet does is to 
write lines that conform to the basic pattern, but that at 
the same time consist of modulations within the 

Perhaps I can best illustrate this point by discussing the 
opening lines of a sonnet that I wrote several years ago. 
The lines describe a bee landing and grappling for pollen 
on a jade plant: 

The worker hovers where the jade plant blooms. 
Then settles on a blossom to her taste: 
Her furred and black-and-yellow form assumes 
A clinging curve by bending from the waist. 

\j r f 


According to the traditional system of scansion, one 
may divide each of these lines into their five "feet" and 
mark them thus: 

x/x/x/x/x / 

The work er hov ers where the jade plant blooms, 

X /x/x/ x/x / 
Then set ties on a bios som to her taste-, 

X / X / x/x/x/ 

Her furred and black -and-yel low form assumes 

x/x/x/x/x / 
A cling ing curve by bend ing from the waist. 

Yet this scansion is a simpHfication of the passage's 
actual speech rhythms. These are more complex. Our 
system of scansion can't begin to account for them, nor 
was it ever intended to account for them. The scansion 
marks are correct and useful: they show us the basic 
type of the line, and they accurately record the basic 
rise and fall of syllables across the lines. But though the 
rise and fall is continuous, it is not really a matter of 
minimally and maximally stressed syllables, since 
English speech itself is not a matter of minimally and 
maximally stressed syllables, but involves instead 
syllables that exhibit innumerable degrees and shadings 
of stress. 

All the feet in the lines above are still iambs, in that 
their second syllable is weightier than their first. But 
the degree of difference between the syllables in any 
given foot, and the way that the larger and more fluid 
phrasal units ride through the feet, are more relative 
matters. (There are many other aspects of rhythmical 
variation within meter, but I haven't space to discuss 
them here.) 

Experienced poets rarely think of these technical issues 
when they are writing. Once they acquire a sense of a 
metrical line, and a facility in managing it, they can 
recognize quickly as they compose whether or not this 
or that cluster of words fits, or can be adjusted to fit, 
into the line. And poets with an ear for different kinds 
of phrasing develop different rhythms within a line. It is 
for this reason that though Shakespeare, Milton, 
Wordsworth and Frost all frequently wrote in iambic 
pentameter, the knowledgeable reader can hear and 
distinguish almost instantly the pentameters of one 
poet from those of another. 

32 Brandeis Review 

I stress this point — the coexistence in good traditional 
verse of fixed meter and individual rhythm — because it 
is almost completely misunderstood in today's literary 
community. This misunderstanding arose partly as a 
result of the energetic but misguided critical labors of 
Ezra Pound. In his effort to establish free verse as a 
replacement or alternative to traditional meter, he 
suggested that traditional practice was composition by 
"the metronome." That is, he confused metrical 
description (scansion) with actual rhythmical effects 
and suggested that to write in regular meter was to 
write ti-tum-ti-tum-ti-tum-ti-tum-ti-tum. As a corollary 
of this, he implied that to achieve fluid rhythm one had 
to "break" meter. 

In truth, not only have good traditional poets never ti- 
tum-ti-tummcd; it would be hard for them to do so even 
if they tried. They would have to write in phrasal units 
of two syllables, with the stress always on the second 
syllable. They would have to write lines like "A pen, a 
page, a book, a glass, a cat," or "Serene, composed, 
content, confined, confused." 

For several generations now, poets have been, in both 
the prosodic and colloquial sense, shooting themselves 
in the foot. The renewed interest in meter indicates that 
some are beginning to question this dubious state of 
affairs. Yet the current metrical revival is precarious. 
Free verse is still ascendent, and the hostility to 
traditional form is stronger than ever. Especially 
troubling are the recent charges, by certain advocates of 
free verse, that meter is intrinsically "conservative" or 
"repressive" or, to use the term of one commentator, 
"Reaganite." Aside from the fact that meter is basically 
just an instrument for making speech clearer and more 
memorable than it would be otherwise, this criticism is 
peculiar in that it overlooks the fact that many of the 
originators and popularizers of free verse were political 

"Examines the ideas and 
conditions that led to 
modem poetry's break with 
metrical convention. It has 
been much reviewed and 
debated. " (The University of 
Arkansas Press, 1990) 

reactionaries. Pound and Wyndham Lewis are cases in 
point. I wish to stress that I am not suggesting that free 
verse is perforce reactionary. By the same token, 
however, tarring meter with that particular brush seems 
to betray confusion about the nature and function of 
artifice, not to mention ignorance of literary history. 

Even more alarming are the casual dismissals of meter 
that one encounters in places where one might 
reasonably expect a more balanced view. For instance, 
the entry for "Metre" in The Oxford Companion to 
Eui^lish Literature (5th edition, 1985) concludes: "Verse 
111 the 20th cent, has largely escaped the straitjacket of 
traditional metrics." Faced with so authoritative a 
statement, one scarcely knows how to respond. 
Certainly, meter challenges the poet. But to 
characterize as a "straitjacket" a medium that made 
possible the works of Homer, Sappho, Virgil, Li Po, 
Firdausi, Dante, Shakespeare and Basho seems terribly 
simpleminded. Furthemiore, it reflects a lack of 
sensitivity to that dialectic between freedom and 
restraint that is the basis of art. 

Yet whenever I read statements like the one in the 
Companion, I remember something Primo Levi says in 
an essay entitled "Rhyming on the Counterattack." 
Discussing rhyme and noting how little practiced it is 
now, he nevertheless asserts, "Its eclipse today in 
Western poetry seems to me inexplicable, and it is 
certainly temporary." And he adds immediately 
afterwards: "It has too many virtues, it is too beautiful 
to disappear." 

I believe he is right. While writing this essay, I called 
my mother long-distance in Vennont to verify my 
memory about her having read "Locksley Hall" to me. 
She not only remembered but immediately began to 
recite the aviation passage by heart! This experience 
was comforting. It was as if Tennyson's verse had 
created a bond between us, and between us and the 
past. Is there anything other than poetry — poetry in the 
sense of its traditional craft — that can bridge such 
distances, that can make speech and thought dance, and 
that can make all sorts of different words and ideas 
chime in one harmonious whole? Is there any other 
pursuit that so connects us, at the most fundamental 
levels of rhythm and music, with the whole enterprise 
of human culture? I think not. And so in ending, I 
should like to echo Levi. Meter, rhyme and stanza: they 
are too beautiful to disappear. ■ 


33 Summer 1992 



by Joaquin t 

Behind him lay the gray Azores, 
Behind the Gates of Hercules: 
Before him not the ghost of shores: 
Before him only shoreless seas. 
The good mate said: "Now we must pray, 
For lol the very stars are gone. 
Brave Adm'r'l, speak! What shall I say?" 
"Why, say: 'Sail on! sail on! and on!"' 

Then pale and worn, he paced his deck. 
And peered through darkness. Ah, that night 
Of all dark nights! And then a speck — 
A light! A light! At last a light! 
It grew, a starlit flag unfurled! 
It grew to be Time's burst of dawn. 
He gained a world: he gave that world 
Its grandest lesson: "On! sail on!" 


Sail On! 

The 1492 Quiz 

^pme years go down in 
Fii^tory as pivotal marl<ers 
arpund whiich dozens of 
ler events rotate. Such 

rdatesas1492, 1517, 1789, 
1860, 1939 are 
remembered because thiey 

'mark the shattering of old 
systems and convictions 
and the explosion of new 
forces bursting into 
motion. If you think 
changes in our own time 
are gallopmg at a frantic 
pace, the transformations 
surrounding 1492 (givo'or 
take 50 years) are^nTnd- 
bogglirig. * 


The year1492 is Chiefly 
associated with 
Columbus's discovery of 
the new world and the 
expulsion of the Jews 
from Spain. However, it 
designates not only an 
important year but also 
stands in the midst of an 
era. Europe, involved in a 
long process of change, 
was shedding its medieval 
mind and donning the 
structures and outlook of 
the modern world. The 
Renaissance was in full 
bloom, and Humanism, 
preached by Deslderius 
Erasmus (14667-1536), 
insisted on the worth of 
the Individual; the 
Protestant Reformation, 
spearheaded by Martin 
Luther (1483-1546), was 
about to smash the 
rettgious unity of the 
continent; science, 
especially astronomy and 
navigation, personified by 
figures like Ferdinand 
"Magellan (circa 1480- 
1521), was crossing a 
threshold and offering 
humankind a new 
understanding of the 

Sail with us on this sea of 
questions and see how 
many you can answer. 

The Brandeis Review 
thanks the history, music, 
fine arts, English, physics 
and Near Eastern and 
Judaic Studies 
departments and the 
Dibner Institute for their 
help in compiling this 
barge of questions about 
1492. Any errors in the 
quiz can be attributed 
directly to the Brandeis 
Review. See page 64 for 

If you get 31-36 correct, 
we commission you with 
the the rank of adm'r'l. If 
you get 26-30 right, you 
may wear the golden 
braids of captain. If you 
answer a mere 1 9-25 
correctly, you serve as 
first mate. If you answer 
only 1-18 correctly, you 
have stowed away and 
belong on land. People in 
the last category should 
remain landlubbers and 
dig into history books 
over the summer! 

Jewish refugees from 
Spain in 1493 founded 
tfie first Hebrew printing 
press in the Ottoman 
Empire in this city 

a Izmir 

b Ankara 

c Istanbul 

d Sated 


The word Sephardim. 
derived from the word 
Sepharad. which in 
Modern Hebrew means 
Spain, originated in 

a the Book of Obadiah 
b the Latin name for Spain 
c the ancient Jewish city of 

d the condiment saffron 

The Spanish Inquisition, 
independent of the papal 
Inquisition, was 
established in 1478 by 
the Spanish monarchs to 

a burn the condemned 
b seize the property of the 

c save the souls of the 

d punish converted Jews 

and Muslims who were 


During the Spanish 
Inquisition, Jews and 
Muslims were forced to 
confess their heresies 
and were tortured. The 
grand inquisitor of these 
actions was 

a Marquis de Marsala 
b Alvar Nunez Cabeza de 

c Diego Rodriguez de 

Silva y Velazquez 
d Thomas de Torquemada 

Jews who were forced to 
convert were outcasts 
from Spanish society and 
at the same time 
forbidden to return to 
Jewish society. They 
were referred to as 

a Castanos, "outcasts" 
b Marranos, "accursed" or 

c Burritos, "little donkeys " 
d Albaniles, "workers" 

The papal Inquisition was 
initially established in 
1233 by Pope Gregory IX 
to combat the heresy of 

a The Albigensians in 13th- 
century France 

b Wycliffe and the Lollards 
in 14th-century England 

c Hussites in 15th-century 

d Marranos in 15th-century 

Jews expelled from Spain 
were immediately 
welcomed into 

a Poland 

b France 

c England 

d the Ottoman Empire 

Of the approximately 
20,000 Jews remaining in 
Turkey today, the largest 
community resides in the 
city of 

a Istanbul 

b Izmir 

c Adana 

d Ankara 

When the Jews of Spain 
settled in the Ottoman 
Empire, they preserved 
the language of their 
community by speaking a 
Spanish dialect with 
Hebrew influences called 

a Llama 

b Loredo 

c Ladino 

d Lambada 

This Marrano refugee 
from Portugal, known as 
the Duke of Naxos, 
became a close advisor 
to the Ottoman sultans 
Suleyman the 
Magnificent (1520-1566) 
andSelim II (1566-1574) 

a Joseph Caro 

b Joseph Nasi 

c Samuel de Medina 

d Solomon Ashkenazi 


Circa 1910, this 
international Jewish 
organization in the 
Ottoman Empire 
operated over 1 00 
schools in which almost 
20,000 students were 

a B'nai B'rith 

b Hilfsverein der Deutchen 

c World Zionist 

d Alliance Israelite 



In the 16th century, large 
numbers of Jewish 
refugees from Spain and 
Portugal settled in this 
town, transforming it into 
the largest Jewish 
community in Palestine, 
whose members 
constituted about half of 
the town's total population 

a Safed 

b Tiberias 

c Hebron 

d Jerusalem 


The term "Sephardi 
Jews" correctly refers to 


a all non-Ashkenazic Jews 
b Jews of Spanish origin 
c Spanish-speaking Jews 
d Jews living in the 
Mediterranean area 


The first Sephardic Jews 
to settle in the English 
colonies arrived in New 
Amsterdam after being 
rejected by which 

a Brazil 

b Spain 

c Portugal 

d Argentina 

35 Summer 1992 


In North America, 
Ashkenazim, Jews from 
Northern Europe, came a 
to outnumber the b 

Sephardim by the year c 

a 1654 

b 1740 

c 1820 

d 1881 


The Spanish Inquisition a 
was officially abolished in 


a 1621 

b 1834 c 

c 1789 

d 1965 d 


Which of the following 
events in Spanish history 
did not take place in 

a defeat of the Islamic 

Kingdom of Granada a 

b forced conversion and 
expulsion of the Moorish 
population of Spain 

c forced conversion and b 

expulsion of the Spanish 

d chartering and departure 
of Christopher c 

Columbus's first West- 
bound voyage into the 
Atlantic d 


When Columbus did not 
find as much gold and 
spices as he hoped in the 

Indies, what island 
commodity did he 
suggest to Ferdinand and 
Isabella could be 
harvested and marketed 

black coral 


Which pair of Europeans 
first killed great numbers 
of Andean peoples? 

Francisco Pizarro and 
Diego de Almagro 
Isabella of Castile and 
Ferdinand of Aragon 
Rubeola and Variola 

Amerigo Vespucci and 
Vasco Nunez de Balboa 


Syphilis, most often 
contracted through 
sexual contact with an 
infected person 

originated in America and 
was subsequently 
brought to the Old World 
by Columbus's sailors 
is a tropical disease that 
was brought to the Old 
World in the early 14th 

was a European disease 
that the settlers carried to 
the New World 
was first discovered in 
Ancient Greece 


The longest English 
Arthurian legend, Morte 
d'Arthur. was written by 
Sir Thomas Malory in the 
15th century 

a in a ship's hold 
b in a London theater 
c in a Celtic enchanted 

d in prison 


Henry VII holds all of the 
following distinctions 

a Shakespeare never wrote 
a play about him 

b he refused to underwrite 
Columbus's exploratory 

c one of his daughters-in- 
law married both of his 

d he had eight wives 


The Castle of 
Perseverance is 

a a medieval morality play 
b the country seat of the 

House of York 
c the residence of the 

Duchess of Lancaster 

with a white rose garden 
d slang for the London 



The most famous 
composer active during 
the time of Columbus 

a Guillaume de Machaut 
b Giovanni Pierluigi da 

c Josquin des Prez 
d Claudio Monteverdi 


By 1492, composers 
wrote music in all of the 
following genres except 

a Mass 

b motet 

c trio sonata 

d chanson 


In the 15th century, the 
single most important 
technological innovation 
in music was 

a the invention of music 

b adoption of the score as 

a musical format 
c development of the violin 
d development of a 

polychoral style 


Which of the following 
institutions did not 
support performing 
ensembles in the 15th 

a royal courts 

b universities 

c towns 

d churches and cathedrals 


Tycho Brahe. the famous 
Danish astronomer of the 
16th century whose 
contributions to science 
included studies of the 
motion of the moon and 
of a supernova, had his 
nose cut off during a 
duel. Being an 
aristocrat— and intensely 
conscious of his 
appearance— the 
noseless Tycho had an 
artificial nose made of 
which of the following 

a pewter 

b gold 

c silver 

d bronze 


The invention of printing 
with movable type is 
traditionally attributed to 
Johannes Gutenberg 
circa 1450. The printing 
trade grew quickly and a 
great many manuscript 
editions were soon 
prepared for the printer's 
workshop and turned into 
printed publications. How 
many copies of printed 
books had European 
printing presses 
produced by 1500? 

a 100,000 

b 500,000 

c 1,000,000 

d 8,000,000 


Who was the most 
prominent artist in Rome 
in 1492? 

36 Brandeis Review 

\ 1 


^^LJ^ ^1'- ^ - a^:x^ 

a Raphael 

b Botticelli 

c Pinturicchio 

d Leonardo da Vinci 


The predominant stylistic 
influence on painting 
the court of Queen 
Isabella of Spain came 

a France 

b Italy 

c Flanders 

d Germany 


Art produced in China in 
1 492 is referred to as 

a Sung 

b Ming 

c Yuan 

d Han 

gat ^w' 


Which great patron of the 
arts, who influenced the 
work of Sandro Botticelli 
and Michelangelo 
Buonarroti with his 
Neoplatonic philosophy, 
died in 1492? 

a Pope Sixtus IV 

b Ludovico Sforza 

c Emperor Maximilian I 

d Lorenio de' Medici 


Has our Western decimal 
arithmetical notation 
essentially been the 
same since Roman 

No. It is the legacy of 
Islamic culture and was 
introduced to the West 
during the 12th century. 
No. The concept of zero 
as an integer and its 
symbolization is the 
legacy of Islamic culture 
and was incorporated into 
Wesiern arithmetic 
notation in the 15th 

Yes. It is a legacy of 
Greek mathematics and 
was already in use during 
Euclid's time. 
Yes. It is the legacy of 
Greek mathematics as 
evidenced by numerical 
representations on 
Cretan pots. 


Copernicus's On the 
Revolutions of the 
Celestial Spheres was 
published in 1543. It 
presented the heliocentric 
view of our planetary 

The Copernican 
viewpoint was accepted 
immediately due to its 
superior predictive power 
as compared to the 
Ptolemaic system. 
It required the work of 
Kepler and the 

observations of Galileo at 
the beginning of the 1 7th 
century for Copernicus's 
views to be appreciated 
and confronted. 

It was Luther's 
endorsement and support 
that made the 
Copernican framework 

It wasn't until the work of 
William Parsons in the 
1800s that Copernicus's 
findings were validated. 


That blood circulates in 
our body from the lett 
side to the nght side of 
the heart was a well- 
known fact in the 13th 
and 14th centuries and 
was taught in the Italian 
medical schools. 

Yes. This was part of the 

Galen's (129-circa 199) 


Yes. It was part of the 

Islamic corpus of 

medicine and was 

transmitted to the 

Christian world in the 

13th century. 

No. This was discovered 

as recently as the 1 7th 

century by Dutch 


No. This only became 

known as a result of 

Realdus Columbus's 

(151 5-1 559) anatomical 

investigations in Padua. 

37 Summer 1992 

The Stable 



by Harry Mairson 

Universities have been tilled in recent 
years with heated debate over what 
undergraduates ought to be taught, but 
no one has ever suggested that it 
would be politically correct, or even 
appropriate, to lecture about marriage 
in a computer science class. Even so, 
its not such a crazy idea. The search 
for an ideal marriage turns out to be an 
appropriate and motivating setting to 
discuss many computational issues 
that are at the intellectual heart of 
computer science, with interesting 
connections to the commercial world of 
computers, and even to the politics of 
medical education. 

The world may not be permeated with 
political correctness, but it is filled with 
personal computers. And word 
processors, spelling checkers, 
spreadsheets, laser printers— they're 
everywhere. The state-of-the-art 
prototypes I used in graduate school 
have become consumer items. 
"Computer literacy" — an expression 
without an analogue among users of 
automobiles, telephones or toasters- 
has come to mean knowing what all 
these things are, and how to use them. 
If it is part of the university's charge to 
teach literacy, is this what I should be 
teaching? This essay was written to 
convince you otherwise. 

The above-mentioned hardware and 
software essentials may relieve us from 
certain varieties of daily tedium, but 
they don't help us do or think anything 
new, except in freeing us from some 
laborious activity. We could \n principle 
type correctly and not misspell words 

and balance checkbooks, but why not 
have computers manage these 
mundane tasks for us? We may know 
nothing about hardware, integrated 
circuits or microcode, but we all know 
in principle how to do these tasks 
ourselves, and if we imagine the 
computer as some sort of homunculus, 
a miniature "man in the machine," we 
can easily fantasize how such a myriad 
of detail is managed by a computer. 
For example, a computer balances a 
checkbook the same way that we do, 
only it doesn't make mistakes when it's 
adding and subtracting. 

But this mundane activity, even if 
wrapped up in a chip the size of your 
thumbnail, is not worth inclusion in a 
university curnculum, as a counterpart 
to Thackeray, Thucydides or 
thermodynamics. What is intellectually 
important about the computer is the 
"idea" of a computer, the variety of 
computational processes that inhabit it 
and how these can make us think in 
new ways. Solving the problem of 
stable marriage is an example of such 
new thinking. 

Here is the problem of stable marriage: 
imagine you are a matchmaker, with 
100 female clients and 100 male 
clients. Each of the women has given 
you a complete list of the hundred men. 
ordered by her preference: her first 
choice, second choice and so on. Each 

of the men has given you a list of the 
women, ranked similarly. It is your job 
to arrange 100 happy marriages. 

It should be immediately apparent that 
everyone is not guaranteed to get a 
first choice: if a particular man is the 
first choice of more than one woman, 
only one can be matched with him, and 
the other women will have to make do 
with less. Rather than guarantee the 
purest of happiness to everyone — a 
promise that almost surely would 
subject you to eventual litigation— your 
challenge is to make the marriages 
stable. By this, we mean that once the 
matchmaker has arranged the 
marriages, there should be no man 
who says to another woman, "You 
know, I love you more than the woman 
I was matched with — let's run away 
together!" where the woman agrees, 
because she loves the man more than 
her husband. Likewise, should a 
woman propose the same to a man, we 
want the man to respond, "Madam, I 
am flattered by your attention, but I am 
married to someone I love more than 
you. so I am not interested." Is it 
always possible for a matchmaker to 
arrange such a group of marriages, 
regardless of the preference lists of the 
men and women? If so, how? Were it 
not tor computers, no one might have 
thought of the solution we will describe. 

While finding and keeping a mate is a 
good deal more complicated than the 
mathematically simple problem stated, 
methods for achieving stable marriage 
are routinely used when there is a 
problem of distributing valued 
resources among individuals or 
organizations with conflicting 

38 Brandeis Review 

preferences. One of the most well 
known examples is "The Match." 
spoken of with fear and reverence by 
medical students everywhere in the 
United States. When a student finishes 
medical school and wants to specialize 
in, say. cardiology, she interviews for 
cardiology residency programs at 
hospitals across the country. After all 
the interviews, she makes a list of the 
programs she visited, in order of 
preference. Each of the medical 
programs, after having interviewed 
many candidates for the job, makes a 
similar preference list of students. 
Everyone sends a list to be processed 
by a big computer, which matches 
students and jobs. Once again, no 
medical program or student is 
guaranteed a first choice: the matching 
is done to achieve stability, so that no 
student and hospital can conspire 
successfully to outwit the national 
medical establishment. Once we 
understand how to compute a stable 
marriage, we will return to the politics 
of residency selection, because there is 
very interesting story to be told: an 
unusual controversy about resident 
assignments that actually spilled over 
into the pages of the New England 
Journal of Medicine. 

A method for computing a particular 
value— for example, a stable 
marriage — is called an algorithm. The 
word comes from the name of a 
Persian textbook author, Abu Ja'far 
f\/lohammed ibn Musa al-Khowirizmi 
(circa 825 A.D.), who wrote Kitab al 

Jabr w'al muqabala (Rules of 
Restoration and Reduction). Another 
familiar word, algebra, derives from the 
title of his book. The stable marriage 
algohthm we describe, invented by D. 
Gale and H.S. Shapely, originally 
appeared in the American 
l\/lathematlcal Monthly in 1 962 under 
the title "College Admissions and the 
Stability of Marriage." Rather than 
explain the algorithm in Arabic, or even 
worse, in a computer language, lets do 
so in English. 

The matchmaker arranges marriages in 
rounds, where in each round, he 
instructs certain men to propose 
marriage. In the initial round, he tells all 
the men to. quite sensibly, go out and 
propose marriage to their first-choice 
women. Each man then proposes to 
the woman he loves most. 

Each of the women then receives 
either no proposal {if she was not the 
first choice of any man), one proposal 
(if she was the first choice of exactly 
one man) or more than one proposal (if 
many men find her to be their first 
choice). The matchmaker instructs the 
women to respond to the proposals 
according to the following rules. If no 
one proposed to you, don't worry, says 
the matchmaker, I promise someone 
will eventually. If exactly one man 
proposed to you, accept his proposal of 
marriage: the man and woman are then 
considered to be engaged. If more than 
one man proposed, respond 
affirmatively to the one you love most, 
and become engaged to him — and 
reject the proposals of the rest. Surely 
nothing could be more reasonable. 
This concludes what we'll call the first 

After one round, certain contented men 
are engaged, and the other 
discontented men are unengaged. In 
round two, the matchmaker says to the 
unengaged men: Do not despair! Go 
out and propose again, to your second 
choice. While the engaged men do 
nothing, the unengaged men send out 
another round of proposals. This time, 
the matchmaker says to the women: 
Use the same rules as before, with one 
important change — if you are currently 
engaged, and receive proposals of 
marriage from men that you love more 
than your fiance, you may reyecf your 
current intended and reengage yourself 
to the new suitor that you love most. 
Thus a man who is happily engaged at 
the end of the first round may find 
himself suddenly unengaged at the end 
of the second round. 

After two rounds, once again the men 
are divided into the engaged and 
unengaged. In the next round, the 
matchmaker tells each unengaged man 
to propose to the woman he loves 
most, among those women to whom he 
has not yet proposed. Again, the 
matchmaker tells each woman that she 
can change her mate, if she instead 
prefers one of the new proposers. Each 
time a man proposes it is with greater 
desperation, since he begins by 
proposing to his true love, then his 
second choice, third choice and so on. 
Each time a woman changes her 
fiance, she becomes happier, because 
her new intended is someone she 
loves more! This continues in round 
after round, until finally there is no one 
left to propose or be proposed to. 

But is this indeed the case? Does this 
succession of rounds ever come to an 
end? And is everyone engaged at the 
end of this romantic variation on 
"musical chairs?" And are the arranged 
marnages indeed stable? It is not hard 
to prove mathematically that the story 
does indeed have the happy ending we 

Does the process ever end? Of course. 
If there are 1 00 men and 1 00 women, 
each man can only make a hundred 
proposals. During each round, some 
man proposes, reducing the finite 
supply of proposals by at least one. If 
the rounds continue long enough, then 
the supply of proposals will descend to 
zero, and the game has to come to an 
end because there is no one left to 

At the end, is everyone engaged? 
Notice that at the end of each round 
the number of engaged men is equal to 
the number of engaged women. 
(Computer scientists, like doctors, have 
a name for everything, and call this 
kind of assertion an "invariant.") Notice 
also that once a woman becomes 
engaged, she is always engaged, 
though not necessarily to the same 
man. So suppose that all the rounds 
take place, and yet there is some 
man— let's call him Bob — and some 
woman — named Carol — who are both 
unengaged. Is this possible? No. If 
Carol is unengaged, no one ever 
proposed marriage to her. All the other 
men may not have proposed to Carol if 
each of them found a woman they 
loved more than Carol, but the same 

Harry Mairson is assistant 
professor of computer 
science at Brandeis 
University, l-ie received hiis 
Pfi.D. at Stanford University 
in 1984. Before coming to 
Brandeis. fie lield teacfiing 
and researcfi positions at 
ttie Institut National de 
Recfiercfie en Informatique 
et Automatique in Paris, ttie 
American College in Paris. 
Stanford and Oxford. His 
current research on 
applications of matfiematical 
logic to programming 
language theory is 

supported by grants from the 
National Science 
Foundation. Texas 
Instruments and the Tyson 
Foundation. For the 
academic year 1991-1 992. 
he was a Bernstein Faculty 
Fellow and on leave at the 
Cambridge Research 
Laboratory of Digital 
Equipment Corporation. He 
reports that he is stably 
married and has one son. 

cannot be said of Bob, who went 
through his whole list — which has to 
include Carol somewhere — and 
supposedly came up empty-handed. 
Clearly he had to propose to Carol at 
some time, and Carol thus had\o 
accept! Now we know that everyone 
gets engaged by the matchmaker. 

There is only one thing left to verify: 
stability. Again, suppose that Bob and 
Carol were engaged by the 
matchmaker, as were Ted and Alice. Is 
it possible that Bob loves Alice more 
than Carol, and Alice loves Bob more 
than Ted? (This would be an example 
of what we have called an "instability.") 
Were this indeed the case. Bob must 
have proposed to Alice before he 
proposed to Carol, because the 
matchmaker made Bob send out 
proposals according to Bob's 
preference list. What, then, did Alice do 
with Bob's proposal? One of two 
things: she accepted it, or rejected it. 

Let's consider the first case: when Bob 
proposed to Alice, she accepted. Then 
why isn't she now engaged to Bob? 
There is only one possible reason why: 
she dumped him to get engaged to 
someone she loved more! Since every 
time Alice changes fiances, it is to 
increase her love in life, she is certainly 
now engaged to someone she loves 
more than Bob. As a consequence, 
even though Bob loves Alice more than 
his intended, Carol, Alice could have 
no interest in dumping her mate, Ted, to 
run off with Bob. 


Now let's consider the second case: 
Alice rejected Bob's proposal. The only 
possible reason she rejected Bob's 
proposal was her engagement to 
someone she loved more than Bob, 
Once again, Alice must still be 
engaged to someone she loves more 
than Bob, namely Ted, so Bob has no 
hope of convincing Alice to run off with 

While this excursion into the 
mathematics of love may seem to have 
a perfect symmetry about it, the above 
algorithm has a nasty characteristic 
that women should object to; it favors 
men over women. It is merely a social 
custom that men propose marnage to 
women — there is certainly no reason 
why women cannot propose instead to 
men, and the matchmaker could have 
arranged his directions so that the 
women indeed did so rather than the 
men. The following example will show 
that whoever does the proposing gets a 
better deal. 

Suppose that the men and the women 
hopelessly disagree about who their 
first choice is. For instance, imagine 
that Bob's first choice is Carol, and 
Ted's first choice is Alice, while Carol's 
first choice is Ted. and Alice's first 
choice is Bob. (It should then be clear 
for each person who their second 
choice is.) When the matchmaker 

instructs the men to propose, as 
described above, in the first round Bob 
proposes to Carol, and Ted to Alice. 
Since each woman received exactly 
one proposal, they accept. Game over: 
Bob and Ted get their first choice, while 
Carol and Alice get their second 

If the matchmaker exchanged the 
directions he gave to the men and 
women, and let the women propose 
instead, Carol would propose to Ted, 
and Alice to Bob. Since Ted and Bob 
each get one proposal, they have to 
accept. Game over: Carol and Alice get 
their first choice, while Bob and Ted get 
their second choice. 

It now takes no imagination to figure 
out why two articles appeared about 
"The Match" in the New England 
Journal of Medicine some time ago, 
addressing inequities in the matching 
procedure used to assign graduating 
medical school students to internships. 
(See "Sounding Boards: The Matching 
Program" and "An Analysis of the 
Resident Match," A/EJ/W 304:1 9 (1981), 
pp. 1163-1166, and further 
correspondence in A/EJ/W 305:9 (1981), 
pp. 525-526.) The principal anomaly 
criticized in these articles was precisely 
the first choice-second choice 
asymmetry just outlined, that the stable 
marriage algorithm is "male optimal." 
As described earlier, in "The Match," 
medical students list their preferred 
jobs in order of desirability, while 
hospital programs do the same, and 
everyone feeds their list to a computer 
programmed with the stable marriage 

40 Brandeis Review 

Now when the stable algorithm is run, 
is it the hospitals or the students who 
get to "play " the role of the men? The 
hospitals, of course. The authors of the 
/VEJ/W art ides asked that either the 
mathematicians and computer 
scientists worl<L to find a more equitable 
matching algorithm, or that the national 
medical establishment let the students 
at least occasionally do the proposing. 
In the words of the authors of the 
second article, "All parties are entitled 
to be informed of the bias of the 
present algorithm toward [hospital] 
programs and of the availability of 
workable, although differently biased, 
alternatives." While there has been 
continued research in this genre of 
matching problems, no suitably 
unbiased replacement for the stable 
marriage algorithm has been found. To 
the best of my knowledge, there has 
been no wavering on the issue of 
alternating students and hospitals as 
the proposers. 

The mathematics and politics of love 
should now be clear, but there are 
more lessons to be learned about 
computer science by studying this 
algorithm. The algorithm and its 
description are good examples to 
motivate discussion of ideas and 
issues in computer science, including 
machine intelligence, programming 
language design and distributed 
network design. Let's begin with 
machine intelligence, and the obvious 
point that the matchmaker doesn't 
need to know anything about men, 
women or love to do his job. 

The stable marriage algohthm was 
described in terms of a matchmaker 
instructing a group of men and women 
to act according to a certain set of 
rules, like a playwright instructing 
actors in a piece of theatre. But the 
matchmaker doesn't need the actual 
peop/e to compute the matching; he 
could have figured out the stable 
matching just by looking at the 
preference lists. Given that there are 
100 men and 100 women, the names 
of preferences are equally irrelevant: 
each preference list might as well be a 
list of the numbers from 1 to 1 00 in 
some order. When a computer program 
for the stable marriage problem is 
executed, it manipulates the preference 
lists precisely as lists of numbers. In 
fact, when such a computer program is 

executed, the matchmaker becomes 
merely another player on the stage — 
were you to be hired as a matchmaker, 
you too would be following, like an 
actor, the "script" laid out above. Stated 
otherwise, the computer is a "general 
purpose" device capable of carrying out 
any precise set of instructions, 

A programming language is a precise 
formalism used to specify computing 
methods, for example the stable 
marriage algorithm. A good computer 
language is one that is easy for people 
to understand, so that programs can be 
written that the computer can execute 
and people can comprehend. When a 
computer program has expressions in it 
that refer to men, women, proposals 
and so on, such references mean 
something to us that is altogether 
irrelevant to the running of the 
program. A computer learns nothing 
about love by running the stable 
marriage algorithm! (In a similar vein, 
there is an old joke about a man who 
wonders how the astronomers ever 
discovered what the names of the 
planets were. Clearly the names are 
useful for astronomers, though the 
planets themselves are quite 

Philosophers have used these kinds of 
observations to critique the field of 
artificial intelligence, by arguing that a 
computer (the "brain") cannot become 
what we call "intelligent" by virtue of 
merely running a computer program. 
The power of the "idea" of the 
computer is as an ideal medium for 
"simulation," not to be confused with 
the "real thing." This point was 
expressed beautifully by philosopher 
John Searle, in a book called Minds. 
Brains, and Science: 

We can do computer simulation of rain 
storms in tlie home countries, or 
waretiouse fires in East London. Now. 
in eacfi of tliese cases, nobody 
supposes ttiat ttie computer simulation 
s actually the real thing; no one 
supposes that a computer simulation of 
a storm will leave us all wet, or a 
computer simulation of a fire is likely to 
burn the house down. Why on earth 
would anyone in his right mind suppose 
a computer simulation of mental 
processes actually had mental 
processes? I don't really know the 
answer to that, since the idea seems to 
me, to put it frankly, quite crazy from 
the start. 

r\/lany computer scientists who do 
research in artificial intelligence have 
been sorely provoked by this argument. 
The storm of disagreement over this 
question is as much philosophy as it is 

Our description of the stable marhage 
algorithm teaches something about 
programming language design. When 
such languages are invented, they 
should make it easy to say what we 
want in the way we want to say it. Even 
though the informal deschption of the 
algorithm as an orchestrated mating 
game may not look like a computer 
program, it is in fact a good example of 
a style called "object oriented 
programming." The "objects" in this 
case are the men and women, each of 
whom has at any moment a "state" (his 
or her current engagement and 
proposal status), and the ability to 
communicate by sending messages to 
other objects. When we start, say, the 
program for object Bob, it causes him 
to start the program for object Carol, 
where the input to the Carol program is 
"Bob is proposing marriage." The Carol 
program may then return a value to the 
Bob program like "proposal accepted," 
so that the Bob and Carol objects must 
modify their internal states to note they 
are engaged, and so on. The 
matchmaker is in turn simulated as a 
"master program," which calls the 
programs representing men and 
women objects by sending messages 
to them. 

Object oriented programming is an idea 
that is still in its infancy. Researchers 
have not yet decided whether it is more 
than a buzzword, a sound bite with no 
beef. It is nonetheless interesting that 
the expression "object oriented" has 
been found in psychoanalytic literature, 
which only begs the issues of machine 
intelligence mentioned earlier. In fact, 
the jargon is psychoanalese for "person 
oriented." since psychoanalysts like to 
refer to the patient as the "subject," and 
the people in the patient's environment 
as the "objects," Coincidentally, "people 
oriented" programming is very much 
what advocates of object oriented 
programming have in mind — however, 
the "people " being referred to are the 
programmers and those who read their 
programs, since it is believed that the 
object ohented programming style 
facilitates the design and modification 
of software. 

41 Summer 1992 

If we can encapsulate each man and 
woman as a computer program, why 
not go one step further and represent 
each of them as a separate computer? 
Imagine standing at an automatic teller 
where not only can you deposit checks 
and withdraw cash, but propose 
marriage to another of the bank's 
clients standing at another such 
machine. Computer networks are 
nothing but a distnbuted computing 
facility, where computers are scattered 
everywhere (like automatic teller 
machines), and linked together by a 
communications network that permits 
the computers to send messages to 
each other. The object oriented 
programming style is a leading 
candidate for programming big 
computer networks, because it divides 
up the problem to be solved (for 
instance, stable marriage or monetary 
transactions) in a way that can be 
easily implemented on the network. For 
example, the matchmaker computer 
could broadcast a message on the 
network to all unengaged men to 
propose; then the men would send 
proposal messages to particular 
women, and so on. 

There are a host of problems to be 
solved when trying to implement this 
"network" realization of the stable 
marriage problem. How are the 
computers connected in the network? 
How many pathways are there to send 
messages? How are messages routed 
through the network? (One expects 
that the phone company has solved at 
least a few of these problems.) How 
does the matchmaker orchestrate the 
actions of the men and women, so 
some men do not start round two, for 
instance, while others are still 
completing round one? 

The last issue, which computer 
scientists refer to as "protocol 
synchronization," has been a thorny 
problem in romantic encounters long 
before there were any computers. Here 
is a typical example of such confusion, 
taken from The Golden Gate by Vikram 
Seth, a novel in verse set in the 
computer-literate world of California's 
Silicon Valley in the 1980s: 

...John orders 
A croissant and espresso; she 
a sponge cake and a cup of tea. 
They sit, but do not breach the borders 
Of discourse till, at the same time. 
They each break silence with, 
"Well, I'm—" 
Both stop, confused. 
Both start together: 
"I'm sorry—" Each again stops dead. 
They laugh. "It hardly matters whether 
You speak or I, " says John: "I said. 
Or meant to say— 
I'm glad we're meeting. " 
Liz quietly smiles, without completing 
What she began. "Not fair, " says John. 
"Come clean. What was it now? 
Come on: 

One confidence deserves another. " 
"No need, " says Liz. 
"You've said what I 
Would have admitted in reply. " 

Even as Liz and John move out of 
focus into an amorous mist, it should 
be realized that above and beyond 
mere social awkwardness, many of 
these problems of "who goes first" can 
be mathematically or practically 
difficult. There are spectacular stories 
of failure in computer systems where 
such problems were not correctly 
solved. For example, in one of the early 
space shuttles, there were three 
identical computers in the shuttle, 
linked in a network to protect against 
failure. Every time a computation was 
needed, all three computers would 
compute the answer, and then would 
"vote" using the network. If one of the 
computers was faulty and produced a 
wrong answer, the hope was the other 
two computers would get the right 
answer and "outvote" the faulty one. 
However, the protocol for how the 
computers were to communicate via 
the network was designed improperly, 
so that each computer was thinking 
something like, "I will wait for the other 
two computers to vote before I vote," 
not unlike Liz and John's unease as to 
who should speak first. While these two 
eventually broke the ice, aboard the 
space shuttle the result was deadlock: 
no computer would commit to voting, 
and the shuttle could not take off. 

I hope that the case has been made 
clear that the worlds of love and 
marriage on one hand, and computer 
science on the other, are not as 
divorced as one might think. Just as 
human action provides idioms for 
feelings and emotions — think of such 

ordinary expressions as "stay in touch," 
or even a simple word like "feeling"— 
human interaction provides powerful 
metaphors for understanding 
computation and motivating 
computational idioms. In some rare 
instances, even the opposite can take 
place: I bear a certain literary 
responsibility for having taught Vikram 
Seth, the author of the Californian love 
story quoted earlier, when we were 
graduate students together. One day, I 
happened to mention the appalling 
computer slogan, "garbage in, garbage 
out" — in other words, if you have 
meaningless data, it does no good to 
further process the data. This phrase 
was immortalized in an earlier couplet 
from Seth's delightful book: when 
John's old girlfriend puts a personal ad 
for him in a local paper, he castigates 
her with: 

'Your crazy ad — " she hears him shout, 
"Was garbage in and garbage out!" 

This article began by discussing a 
problem about marriage, which 
motivated a whirlwind tour of algorithm 
design, applied combinatorics (the 
mathematics involved in the 
matchmaking program), program 
verification, artificial intelligence, 
programming language design, 
distributed computer systems and 
poetry. These subjects (save the last) 
are a central part of the computer 
science curriculum, and they are 
important topics because the concept 
of a computer, as well as its modern- 
day realization, has made people think 
differently about how ideas should be 
organized and developed. 

Nonetheless, what was once said of 
philosophy is an even more appropriate 
comment about computer science: to 
paraphrase, even when all the 
computational and algorithmic 
difficulties of marriage have been 
solved, the real and profound questions 
about this most complex form of human 
relationship remain, and likely will 
remain, unaddressed and unresolved. 
Of these larger and more important 
questions, which in part give life its 
mystery and its interest, computer 
scientists remain decidedly silent. ■ 

42 Brandeis Review 


Jack S. Goldstein 

professor of astrophysics 

A Different Sort of Time: The 
Life of Jerrold R. Zacharias 
Scientist, Engineer. Educator 
The MIT Press 

Zacharias lived at a time 
when an individual with 
imagination and courage 
could make a difference, 
whether at the forefront of 
science or in matters of 
public policy. He believed 
that every citizen, even those 
with modest scientific 
sophistication and 
knowledge, could learn to 
think like a scientist. The 
author describes Zacharias's 
coming of scientific age in 
the early 1930s, as a member 
of I.I. Rabi's group at 
Columbia, and examines the 
leading role he played durmg 
World War at MIT's 
Radiation Laboratory and at 
the Manhattan Project. He 
not only played an essential 
part in experiments 
important to the 
development of quantum 
mechanics, but also became 
an advisor to the government 
during much of the Cold War 
period. From about 1955 on, 
Zacharias made significant 
contributions to science 
education in physics, 
chemistry, biology and 
mathematics at the primary, 
secondary and college levels. 
As a result of his initiatives, 
science and mathematics 
curriculum development 
flourished in a number of 
third-world countries. 

Avigdor Levy 

associate professor of Near 
Eastem and ludaic Studies 

The Sephardim in the 
Ottoman Empire 
The Darwin Press, Inc. 

This book deals with a httie- 
known chapter in Jewish 
history and Ottoman and 
Middle Eastem social 
history. Although much has 
been written about the 
"golden age" of Iberian Jews, 
the Sephardim, relatively 
little has been published 
about their largest diaspora, 
which came after their 
expulsion from Spain in 
1492. The Sephardim in the 
Ottoman Empire describes 
how the Sephardim came to 
settle in the Ottoman 
Empire, how they developed 
and organized their 
communities, what their 
economic and cultural 
activities were and what role 
they played in the lands of 
the Ottoman Empire. 

Shulamit Reinharz 

professor of sociology and 
director, Women's Studies 
Program, with Lynn 
Davidman, Ph.D. '86. 

Feminist Methods in Social 


Oxford University Press 

Examining the full range of 
feminist research methods, 
Reinharz explores the 
relationship between 
feminism and methodology, 
challenges existing 
stereotypes and explains the 
19th- and early 20th-century 
origins of current 
controversies. Concluding 
that there is no "politically 
correct" feminist method, 
but rather a variety of 
perspectives, the author 
argues that this diversity has 
been integral to the 

accomplishments ot 
interdisciplinary feminist 
scholarship. Feminist 
Methods in Social Research 
offers a chapter-by-chapter 
analysis of research methods, 
a separate chapter of 
"feminist originals" 
methods, a concluding 
chapter integrating ongoing 
debate and major points of 
view and a bibhography. 

Bernard Wasserstein 

professor of history 

Herbert Samuel: A Political 


Oxford University Press 

In this biography, 
Wasserstein adds to our 
understanding of Herbert 
Samuel's importance in 
British politics and in the 
emergence of the state of 
Israel, using some newly 
released primary source 
material as well as putting a 
new perspective on earlier 
sources. Samuel's political 
life coincided with the 
sunset of Liberalism as a 
dominant political force in 
Britain. At the turn of the 
century, Samuel assisted in 
the formulation of the "New 
Liberalism, "and later helped 
translate that doctrine into 
legislation that laid the 
foundations of the welfare 
state. He played a role in the 
history of Zionism, serving 
as first British high 
commissioner in Palestine 
from 1920 to 1925. He 
returned to office in the 
National Govemment of 
1931, and led the Liberal 
Party between 1931 and 
1935. In later life, Samuel 
served a public audience as a 
philosopher, an elder 
statesman and a broadcaster. 

Stephen Bertman, M.A. 

Bertman is professor of 
classical and modem 
languages, literatures and 
civihzations at Canada's 
University of Windsor. 

Doorways through Time: 

The Romance of 


Jeremy P. Tarcher, Inc. 

Traveling from the tombs of 
Egypt to the battlements of 
Troy, from the Great Wall of 
China to the windswept 
chffs of Easter Island, the 
reader of this book takes a 
journey spanning thousands 
of years with such travehng 
companions as Helen of 
Troy, Pocahontas, King Tut 
and King Arthur, as well as 
those who are less well- 
known: a mummy who was 
once a lovely young Egyptian 
woman, the brave freedom- 
fighters who died at Masada 
in a last stand against Rome 
and the Tollund man, whose 
body was preserved for 
centuries by the acids in a 
Denmark bog. In 26 chapters, 
the author recreates 
archaeological discoveries, 
both recent and classic, and 
explores the challenges of 
reconstructing lives from the 
fragile remains of the past. 

Richard Godbeer, Ph.D. 

Godbeer is associate 
professor of history at the 
University of California, 

The Devil's Dominion: 
Magic and Religion in Early 
New England 
Cambridge University Press 

The Devil's Dominion 
examines the use of folk 
magic by ordinary men and 
women in early New 

43 Summer 1992 



England, despite clerical 
opposition to such practices. 
It shows that layfolk were 
less consistent in their 
beliefs and actions than their 
ministers would have liked, 
and that there were affinities 
between Puritanism and 
magic that enabled church 
members to switch from one 
to the other without any 
sense of wrongdoing. 
Godbeer argues that the 
controversy surrounding 
astrology m early New 
England paralleled clerical 
condemnation of magical 
practice, and that the 
different perspectives on 
witchcraft engendered by 
magical tradition and Puritan 
doctrine often caused 
confusion and disagreement 
when New Englanders 
sought legal punishment of 

Samuel Heilman '68 

Heilman is professor of 
sociology at Queens College 
of the City University of 
New York. 

Defenders of the Faith: 
Inside Ultra-Orthodox fewiy 
Schocken Books 

Ultra-orthodox Jews (or 
haredim, as they are called 
today) seem to be the 
embodiment of the 
traditional Jewish past. 
Those who stumble upon 
their neighborhoods find 
men in caftans and black fur- 
trimmed hats and women in 
kerchiefs and wigs, 
reminders of the lost world 
of their European 
grandparents. But this 
picturesque group is not a 
relic of the past, rather it is a 
part of the contemporary 
landscape and plays an 
increasingly prominent role 
in the Jewish world and in 
Israeli politics. In this study 

Magic and Religion in 
Early New England 

of the haredun m Israel 
today, Heilman reveals that 
this fundamentalist group is 
very much aware of and 
responsive to modernity; 
they have consciously 
rejected it by deliberately 
fashioning a complete 
counterculture to withstand 
and oppose the onslaughts of 
modem secular society. 
Defenders of the Faith takes 
us inside the world of this 
fundamentalist community. 

David I. Kertzer, Ph.D. '74 

and Richard P. Sailer, eds. 
Kertzer is William R. Kenan, 
Jr., Professor of Anthropology 
at Bowdoin College. 

The Family in Italy from 
Antiquity to the Present 
Yale University Press 

How have family relations 
been regulated through the 
ages by state institutions and 
laws? What impact did the 
advent of Christianity have 
on marriage? Were parents in 
the past less emotionally 
attached to their children? 
What changes have taken 
place in legal attitudes and 
practices toward adultery and 
"homicides of honor?" How 
has the position of women in 
the household evolved over 
the millenia? The Family in 
Italy from Antiquity to the 
Present offers historical and 
anthropological perspectives 
on the Western family, 
focusing on family life in 
Italy from the Roman Empire 
to the present. Using 
methods that range from 
symbolic to quantitative 
analysis, the authors discuss 

Tne Family 
in Italy 


a variety of topics including 
matchmaking, marriage, 
divorce, inheritance, patterns 
of household organization, 
childrearing practices, 
cultural and legal meanings 
of death, sexual mores, 
celibacy, adoption and 
property rights. 

Linda Pastan, M.A. '58 

The poet laureate of 
Maryland, Pastan is on the 
staff of the Bread Loaf 
Writers' Conference. 

Heroes in Disguise 
W.W. Norton & Company 

These poems range in subject 
matter from the ambivalence 
of family life to the vagaries 
of the weather, from the 
difficulties of aging to the 
pleasures of art and history. 
The author paints word 
pictures in her poems. In 
"The Myth of Perfectibility," 
Pastan speaks of moving a 
still life or a chair or a vase 
from place to place "until I 
feel like a happy Sisyphus" 
and in "The Bookstall," she 
equates books with "freshly 
baked loaves waiting on their 
shelves to be broken open." 
One reviewer has written of 
Ms. Pastan: "In her work 
there is a return to the role of 
the poet as it served the 
human race for centuries: to 
fuel our thinking, show us 
our world in new ways, and 
to get us to feel more 

Paula Rabinowitz '74 

Rabinowitz is assistant 
professor of English at the 
University of Minnesota. 

Labor and Desire: Women 's 
Revolutionary Fiction in 
Depression America 
The University of North 
Carolina Press 














This critical, historical and 
theoretical study looks at a 
little-known group of novels 
written during the 1930s by 
women who were literary 
radicals. The author argues 
that class consciousness was 
figured through metaphors of 
gender and she challenges 
the conventional wisdom 
that feminism as a discourse 
disappeared during the 
decade. She focuses on the 
ways in which sexuality and 
maternity reconstruct the 
"classic" proletarian novel to 
speak about both the 
working-class woman and 
the radical female 
intellectual. Rabinowitz uses 
two well-known novels to 
bracket this study: Agnes 
Smedley's Daughters of 
Earth {\919] und Mary 
McCarthy's The Company 
5/76 Keeps (1942), although 
she surveys more than 40 
novels of this period. 
Discussing these novels in 
the contexts of literary 
radicalism and of women's 
literary tradition, she reads 
them as both cultural history 
and cultural theory. Through 
a consideration of the novels 
as a genre, Rabinowitz is able 
to theorize about the 
interrelationship of class and 
gender in American culture. 

Correction: In the spring 
issue of the Brandeis Review, 
Sylvia Barack Fishman's title 
was incorrectly noted. She is 
senior research associate and 
assistant director, Maurice 
and Marilyn Cohen Center 
for Modem Jewish Studies. 

Brandeis Review 

Faculty Notes 

James R. Bensinger 

professor of physics, traveled 
to Seoul as a member of a 
Department of Energy 
delegation to the Korean/ 
American Working Group to 
discuss Korean participation 
in the Superconducting 
Super Collider Laboratory. 

James J. Callahan, Jr. 

lecturer and human services 
research professor and 
director, Supportive Services 
Program for Older Persons, 
The Heller School, was 
awarded the first SI 0,000 
Maxwell A. Pollack Award 
for Excellence from the 
Gerontological Society of 

Mary Campbell 

assistant professor of English, 
deUvered an invited lecture, 
"The Palpabihty of 
Purgatorio" at the Medieval 
Literature and Culture 
Seminar at Harvard 
University, then expanded 
this lecture for the keynote 
address for Discovery in the 
Arts and Sciences, an 
interdisciplinary conference 
hosted by the Medieval Club 
of New York at CUNY 
Graduate Center. She also 
was invited to present "New 
World Voyage Literature of 
the Renaissance: Thevet, 
Hariot and Ethnographic 
Pleasure" to the Early 
Modem Cultural Crossings 
seminar at the Center for 
Literary and Cultural 
Studies, Harvard University, 
and at the annual Essex 
Symposium on Literature, 
Politics and Theory at the 
University of Essex, United 

Donald L.D. Caspar 

professor of physics and 
Rosenstiel Basic Medical 
Sciences Research Center, 
was awarded the Fankuchen 
Memorial Award by the 
American Crystallographic 
Association. This triennial 
award is made to effective 
teachers of crystallography. 
His work was also honored 
by a cover article in Nature: 
International Weekly 
Journal of Science. 

Eric Chasalow 

assistant professor of 
composition, had his 
composition, "Over the 
Edge," for flute and tape 
performed at the Mannes 
School Contemporai7 Music 
Festival, New York; at the 
Rose Art Museum as part of 
the Brandeis Festival of the 
ArtS; and at the Society of 
Composers convention, 
Bates College. Also, his 
composition, "Groundwork," 
for piano, was performed by 
the Guild of Composers, 
New York. 

Peter Conrad 

professor of sociology, 
presented a paper, "New 
Directions in Medical 
Sociology," at the meeting of 
the American Sociological 
Association. He has 
published "Medicalization 
and Social Control" in the 
Annual Review of Sociology. 

Sandra Dackow 

artist-in-residence in music, 
conductor of the Brandeis 
University Symphony 
Orchestra, conducted a 
performance of the 
Ridgewood, New Jersey, 
Symphony Orchestra at 
Avery Fisher Hall, Lincoln 
Center, New York. 

Olga M. Davidson 

lecturer in university studies, 
contributed an article, "The 
Haft Khwan Tradition as an 
Intertextual Phenomenon in 
Ferdowsi's Shahnama," to 
the Papers in Honor of 
Richard N. Frye, Bulletin of 
the Asia Institute. 

Stanley Deser 

Enid and Nathan S. Ancell 
Professor of Physics, 
delivered the Joint Israeh 
Theoretical Physics Seminar 
as well as the Weizmann 
Institute Colloquium in 
Israel, and the I'hysics 
Colloquium at the 
University of Southern 

California. He is a member of 
the Scientific Organizing 
Committee and was invited 
speaker at the European 
Conference, Journees 
Rclativistes, in Amsterdam 
and at Imperial College, 

Gerald D. Fasman 

Louis and Bessie Rosenficld 
Professor of Biochemistry, 
delivered a lecture, "Convex 
Constraint Analysis: A 
Natural Deconvolution of 
Circular Dichroism Spectra 
of Proteins," at the 1 7th 
Annual Conference on 
Protein Structure and 
Function sponsored by the 
Australian Biochemical 
Society at Lome, Australia. 

Margot Fassler 

associate professor of music, 
published two articles: "The 
Disappearance of the Proper 
Tropes and the Rise of the 
Late Sequence: New 
Evidence from Chartres" in 
Cantus Planus, a report of 
the proceedings of the Chant 
Study Group of the 
International Musicological 
Society; and "Danielis ludus 
and the Feast of Fools: 
Popular Tradition in a 
Cathedral Play" in Plainsong 
in the Age of Polyphony. 

Gordon A. Fellman 

associate professor of 
sociology and chair. Peace 
Studies Program, delivered a 
paper on "Power and 
Paradigm Shift: The End of 
the Cold War, the 
Continuing Environmental 
Crisis, and the 'Adversary 
Compulsion,'" at the annual 
meeting of the Peace Studies 
Association, Boulder. 

Ruth Gollan 

adjunct associate professor 
of Near Eastern and Judaic 
Studies and director, 
Hebrew and Oriental 
Language Programs, and 
Vardit Ringvald lecturer in 
Hebrew, conducted a 
workshop on Proficiency- 
Oriented Instruction and 
Testing Based on the Hebrew 
Proficiency Guidelines at the 

Hebrew Day School 
Conference, Hebrew College, 
Brookline, sponsored by the 
Greater Boston Bureau of 
Jewish Education. 

Jane Hale 

associate professor of French 
and comparative literature, 
delivered lectures on "The 
Lyric Encyclopedia of 
Raymond Queneau" at a 
Colloquium, University of 
Victoria, British Columbia, 
and "Framing the 
Unframable: Samuel Beckett 
and Francis Bacon" at the 
International Beckett 
Symposium in The Hague. 

Martin Halpern 

Samuel and Sylvia Schulman 
Professor of Theater Arts, 
had his one-act play. Opus 
One-Eleven, produced at the 
Nat Home Theater, New 

Judith Herzfeld 

professor of biophysical 
chemistry, delivered invited 
lectures on her solid-state 
nuclear magnetic resonance 
studies of the light-driven 
proton pump 

bacteriorhodopsin at the Max 
Planck Institutes in Munich 
and Dortmimd, the 
University of Pittsburgh, 
Wayne State Medical School 
and the University of 
Massachusetts; and on her 
statistical mechanical 
studies of long-range order in 
crowded self-assembling 
systems at the Atomic and 
Molecular Physics Institute, 
Amsterdam, Case Western 
Reserve University, Drexel 
University and Boston 
University. She also 
participated m the Sigma Xi 
Fomm on Global Change and 
the Human Prospect as 
rapporteur on population 

Ann O. Koloski-Ostrow 

adjunct assistant professor of 
classical studies, has been 
awarded a fellowship from 
the Marion and Jasper 

45 Summer 1992 

whiting Foundation to do 
research and photography at 
various archaeological sites 
in Italy for a book on Roman 
taste and social customs. 

Marty Wyngaarden 

associate professor and 
director, Starr Center for 
Mental Retardation, The 
Heller School, was named a 
fellow of the American 
Association on Mental 
Retardation for her 
contributions to research on 
services for persons with 
mental retardation. 

Mary Lowry 

artist-in-residence in voice, 
was voice/text coach for 
Hamlet, which opened on 
Broadway and coached the 
acting company at the 
Permsylvania Renaissance 
Faire. As an actress, she 
performed in The Cocktail 
Hour at The New Repertory 
Theatre, Boston, and was 
invited to join the Roy Hart 
Theatre Company in France 
to research the voice and to 
participate, as a member of 
an international acting 
company, in a new working 
of The Oresteia Trilogy by 

Lydian String Quartet 

artists-in-residence, was 
awarded a $12,000 grant 
from the 1991 Meet the 
Foundation/ AT&.T Jazz 
Program to commission a 
new work from composer 
Marty Ehrlich. As part of the 
grant, Ehrlich will be 
composer-in-residence at the 
Brandeis Summer Music 
Festival with the Lydian 
String Quartet in June 1993. 

James Mandrell 

assistant professor of Spanish 
and comparative literature, 
delivered two lectures, 
"Almodovar, Latent 
Heterosexuality, and 
Labyrinth of Passions" in a 
special session on Pedro 
Almodovar, and "Peninsular 
Literary Studies; Business as 
Usual" in a special session 

Brandeis Review 

on Contemporary Hispanism 
and the Impact of Literary 
Theory, at the annual 
convention of the Modem 
Language Association, San 
Francisco. He also was 
elected to a five-year term on 
the Executive Committee of 
the Division on 1 8th- and 
19th-century Spanish 
Literature of the Modem 
Language Association and 
was invited to deliver a paper 
entitled "Of Material Girls 
and Celestial Women, or, 
Honor and Exchange in La 
Estrella de Sevilla" at an 
international symposium on 
La Estrella de Sevilla, 
Pennsylvania State 

Robert L. Marshall 

Louis, Frances and Jeffrey 
Sachar Professor of Music, 
was featured speaker at the 
Colloquium in 
Psychoanalysis and Music at 
the Mount Sinai School of 
Medicine, New York. His 
lecture was entitled "Styles 
of Musical Genius: An 
Inquiry into the 
Psychodynamics of J.S. Bach 
and W.A. Mozart." Marshall 
also presented the lecture at 
the Mozart's Music: Text 
and Context conference, 
sponsored by the UCLA 
Center for 17th- and 18th- 
century Studies. 

Charles B. McClendon 

associate professor of fine 
arts, lectured on "The 
Origins of Anglo-Saxon 
Architecture" at the 
Department of History of Art 
and Architecture, Brown 

Robert B. Meyer 

professor of physics and 
National Center for Complex 
Systems, was invited to 
speak on the recent results of 
his research on the dynamics 
of liquid crystals in rotating 
magnetic fields at the 
International Conference on 
Liquid Crystals, Pisa. He also 

delivered a lecture at the 
College de France, Paris, and 
spent a week at the 
University of Utrecht 
initiating a new 
collaboration with the 
colloid research group in a 
project funded by the 
National Science 

Phyllis H. Mutschler 

lecturer and senior research 
associate. The Heller School, 
was named a Brookdale 
National Fellow and received 
a 1992 Brookdale National 
Fellowship Award in support 
of her research. The 
Fellowship Program is 
designed to provide young 
investigators with research 
opportunities in geriatrics 
and gerontology and to foster 
their growth as leaders in the 
field of aging. 

Benjamin C.I. Ravid 

Jennie and Mayer Weisman 
Professor of Jewish History, 
delivered a lecture on "The 
Sephardim: From 'Golden 
Age' to Inquisition" at a 
symposium on The World of 
the Sephardim, Brandeis 
University, and contributed 
an article on "Les sefarades a 
Venise" to Les ]uifs 
d'Espagne: histoire d'une 
diaspora. 1492-1992. He also 
was appointed to the 
Advisory Committee of the 
Intemniversity Fellowship 
Program in Jewish Studies. 

Shulamit Reinharz 

professor of sociology and 
director. Women's Studies 
Program, was keynote 
speaker at the Institute for 
Urban Health Policy, 
Research and Education, 
Department of Health and 
Hospitals, Boston, at their 
symposium. Qualitative 
Methods in Medical and 
Public Health Research. She 
spoke on "Overview of 
Qualitative Research 
Methods." She also was the 
guest speaker at the 
University Women's 
Commission Annual Award 
Reception at the University 
of Toledo, Ohio, and spoke 
on "Transforming the 

Bernard Reisman 

professor of American Jewish 
communal studies and 
director, Homstein Program, 
was invited to deliver the 
Solomon and Rose Becker 
annual lecture on "The 
Sociology of Contemporary 
Jewry" at Hebrew University 
during his three-month 
sabbatical in Israel. He also 
lectured at Beit Berl College,- 
consulted with staff from the 
Jewish Agency for Israel, the 
Joint Distribution 
Committee, Melitz and the 
Jewish Community Centers 
Association; and launched a 
research project studying the 
factors that contribute to the 
effectiveness of Jewish 
educational trips to Israel by 
adults from North America. 
He also lectured and 
consulted with leaders of 
Jewish communities in 
Argentina and South Africa. 

David H. Roberts 

professor of astrophysics, was 
appointed William R. Kenan, 
Jr. Professor of Physics. 

Nicholas Rodis 

professor of physical 
education, attended a 
meeting of the Sports 
Regulations Committee of 
the Intemational University 
Committee of the 
Intemational Sports 
Federation in Bmssels. The 
Committee discussed mles 
and regulations for the World 
University Games and World 
University Championship, 
including the rules and 
regulations for the World 
University Games to be held 
in Buffalo, 1993. 

Jonathan D. Sarna 

Joseph H. and Belle R. Braim 
Professor of American Jewish 
History, wrote the chapter, 
"The American Jewish 
Experience," in the new 
Schocken Guide to Jewish 
Books. He also coedited 
Yehude Artsot H-Berit, a 
Hebrew reader in American 
Jewish history. 

Howard J. Schnitzer 

Edward and Gertrude Swartz 
Professor of Tfieoretical 
Physics, delivered two talks, 
"Topological Landau- 
Ginzburg Matter" and 
"Fusion Rings," at the 
Depanment of Physics, 
University of Miami. 

John E. Schrecker 

associate professor of history, 
delivered an invited paper on 
"Sino-Westem Interactions 
from the Viewpoint of 
Confucian Historiography" 
at an international 
symposium on Chinese 
culture, Hangzhou, China. 

James H. Schuiz 

Ida and Meyer Kirstein 
Professor for Planning and 
Administration of Aging 
Policy, The Heller School, 
was invited to organize a 
conference on The Role of 
Social Insurance in 
Developing Countries at the 
International Social Security 
Association's General 
Assembly and to keynote the 
conference. He also 
published the fifth edition of 
his book, The Economics of 

Susan L. Shevitz 

adjunct assistant professor of 
Jewish education, Homstein 
Program, was appointed 
cochair of the board of 
contributing editors for 
Agenda: Jewish Education, a 
new journal concerned with 
current policy and program 
issues. Her What We Have 
Learned: An Evaluation of 
the Projects of the 
Supplemental School Task 
Force (1987-1992) was 
published by the Boston 
Bureau of Jewish Education. 
She has been invited to serve 
as a faculty member of the 
Whizen Institute in Family 
Education, University of 
Judaism, and has been 
elected to the board of the 
Jewish Educational Services 
of North America. 

Neil Simister 

assistant professor of 
molecular immunology and 
Rosenstiel Basic Medical 
Sciences Research Center, 
presented a seminar on 
Class I MHC-Related Fc 
Receptors of Rat and Mouse 
as the invited speaker in the 
Mucosal Immunology 
Semmar Series at 
Massachusetts General 

Deborah Stone 

David R. Pokross Professor of 
Law and Social Policy, The 
Heller School, was lead 
witness in a hearing before 
the Subcommittee on Social 
Security of the United States 
House of Representatives 
Ways and Means 
Committee, on the topic of 
reform of Social Security 
disability insurance. She is a 
member of the Task Force on 
Insurance of the Ethical, 
Legal and Social Issues 
Committee of the Human 
Genome Project. She also 
presented a paper on 
"Epidemiological Risk 
Factors as Selection Criteria 
in Public and Private Social 
Programs" at a conference on 
Social Hygiene and Public 
Health, Hamburg, 
cosponsored by the 
University of Hamburg and 
the Association for the Study 
of Health and Social Policy 
Under the National 

Ibrahim K. Sundiata 

chair and professor of African 
and Afro- American studies, 
received the 1992 Choice 
Outstanding Academic Book 
Award for his work. 
Equatorial Guinea: 
Colonialism. State Terror, 
and the Search for Stability. 
Choice is the journal of the 
Association of College and 
Research Libraries. 

Yehudi Wyner 

Walter W. Naumberg 
Professor of Composition at 
Brandeis, was composer-in- 
residence, American 
Academy in Rome, spring 
1991. He composed 
"Trapunto Junction," for 

brass and percussion, 
commissioned and 
performed by the Boston 
Symphony Chamber Players 
at Jordan Hall. He also 
composed "Amadeus' 
Billiard" for the Bravo! 
Colorado Music Festival; 
"Changing Time" for the 
DaCapo Chamber Ensemble,- 
"II Cane Minore" for two 
clarinets and bassoon for No 
Dogs Allowed; and received a 
Koussevitzky Foundation 
commission for a 
composition for the Atlantic 
Sinfcnietta. His composition, 
"Friday Evening Service," 
was conducted by Susan 
Davenny Wyner and sung by 
the Brandeis University 

Harry Zohn 

professor of German, chaired 
two sessions at the German- 
American Dialogue on 
Literary Translation, Goethe 
House, New York. In 
connection with his 
participation in the 
Intemational Stefan Zweig 
Conference, he was 
interviewed by Radio 
Salzburg, the 

Deutschlandsender Berlin 
and the Austrian shortwave 
station. He is editor of Aus 
dem Tagebuch eines 
Emigranten und anderes 
Oesterreichisches aus 
Amerika by Alfred Farau. 

Irving K. Zola 

Mortimer Gryzmish 
Professor of Human 
Relations, was elected 
president of the Eastern 
Sociological Society. 


From time to time, the 
Brandeis Review mentions 
information about our 
namesake. Supreme Court 
Justice Louis D. Brandeis. as 
it comes to our attention. 

In the recently published 
book History of fews in 
America, by Howard M. 
Sachar, the author devotes 
approximately 44 pages to 
the activities of Louis D. 

The Brandeis Society of the 
University of Louisville 
School of Law, an honor 
society dedicated to 
promoting and recognizing 
excellence in the legal 
profession, presented its 
atmual award, the Brandeis 

Medal, to Supreme Court 
Justice Sandra Day 
O'Connor. Justice Brandeis 
began donating his personal 
papers and writings to the 
law school in 1936, and 
major portions of those 
writings are housed in its law 

The American Jewish 
Historical Society of Greater 
Washington is presenting an 
exhibition entitled "Louis D. 
Brandeis, American Zionist," 
in celebration of its 
centennial. Serving as 
curator is Melvin I. Urofsky, 
professor of history at 
Virginia Commonwealth 
University, and a noted 
expert on Justice Brandeis. 
The exhibition opened on 
May 10 and is expected to 
run until 1993. 

47 Summer 1992 


The Anguish of 

How do young children deal 
with the violence they see 
around them? Not very well, 
according to a recently 
released study in Boston. 
One out of every 10 
preschool children in a 
survey at Boston City 
Hospital's pediatric chtiic 
had witnessed a shooting or 
stabbing before the age of six, 
researchers reported last 
May. The results of the 
survey are significant 
because relatively little is 
known about the affects of 
violence on preschool 
children. The study may 
offer a clue about difficulties 
some children face when 
they enter school. Physicians 
and social workers claim that 
young children affected by 
violence can be more likely 
to grow aggressive or 
withdrawn by the time they 
reach school. Some very 
young children even display 
signs of posttraumatic stress 
disorder, experts assert, 
symptoms that are 
associated with combat 

foseph Trotz '88 has captured 
the anguish of parents and 
children as they struggle to 
keep their balance in a world 
of turmoil. Trotz, who 
decided on a career in 
photojournalism while photo 
editor of the Justice, majored 
in English and American 
literature. While a student at 
Brandeis, he worked for the 
Associated Press in the 
Boston area covering local, 
national and international 

news and sporting events. 
After graduation, he did 
freelance work for several 
Boston-area weekly and daily 
newspaper chains. 

In 1989 he returned to his 
native Savannah to take a 
staff photography position at 
the Savannah Morning News 
and Evening Press, an 80,000 
circulation, twice-daily 
newspaper. Trotz, who has 
garnered three Georgia Press 
Association and two 
Associated Press awards for 
his work there, has been 
published by Vanity Fair, 
Time-Life Books, Parade 
magazine and other national 
publications. Covering 
everything from presidential 
visits to his own high 
school's football games, he 
has also photographed the 
sadder aspects of his 
birthplace— grief-stricken 
relatives of homicide 
victims, wary cops on patrol, 
the toll that poverty exacts 
from its victims. "Working 
as a professional 
photographer offers a new 
perspective on my 
hometown," said Trotz, who 
visited the Brandeis Review 
last spring. 

Brandeis Review 

49 Summer 1992 

50 Brandeis Review 

Eight Classes 
Reunite for 
Reunion Activities 

Brandeis's first graduating 
class, the Class of 1952, 
joined quinquennial Reunion 
celebrants in the classes of 
1957, 1962, 1967, 1972, 1977, 
1982 and 1987 for a weekend 
of conviviality and 
reminiscence. In all, more 
than 1000 alumni and guests 
took part in a variety of 
weekend festivities. 

More than 200 alumni and 
parents of graduating seniors 
came a day early to attend 
Alumni College '92, 
"Dimensions of Discovery." 
Attendees chose to attend 
two of four programs in the 
moming that focused either 
on "Aspects of 1492"or 
"Discovery in the Sciences 
and the Humanities." A 
highlight of the day was the 
keynote address by Natan 
Sharansky, well-known 
human rights activist and 
honorary degree recipient, 
who delivered his first 
public lecture, "Discovermg 
Freedom," on the Brandcis 
campus. "Discovering the 

New American 
Kaleidoscope: Ethnicity, 
Race and Gender" was the 
title of an afternoon panel 

President Samuel O. Thier 
welcomed alumni to his first 
Brandeis Reunion at the 
Welcome Back Dinner, 
which was followed by 
individual class parties. 
A poignant moment of the 
weekend followed "Charlie's 
Breakfast," sponsored by the 
Friends of Brandeis Athletics 
(FOBA), when a bronze bust 
of the late Charlie Napoli 
'58, longtime FOBA 
president, was unveiled. The 
bust, commissioned by the 
Friends of Brandeis Athletics, 
was sculpted by artist 
Richard Baldacci '56, from 

Louis PeilaniLtet jo, chuii ul 
the Board of Trustees, 
presents plaque to retiring 
Board member and chair of 
Fellows /. Victor Samuels '63 

52 Brandeis Review 

Laurel and leis are for 
celebrating Reunions and 
I xmrnencements 

I mm March '52 and L^uina Siegal '52 share 
iniscences at Reunion 

Swampscott, Massachusetts. 
Clowns, balloons and a 
Dixieland band provided a 
gala background for the 
traditional Ralph Norman 
Emeritus Family Barbecue 
and Picmc, held this year in 
an area adjacent to the new 
Gosman Sports and 
Convocation Center. 

Bnice B. Litwer '61, president 
of the Alumni Association, 
and Stephen R. Reiner '61, 
chair of Alumni Annual 
Giving, presided over the 
Reunion '92 awards 
ceremony that recognized 
the efforts of the Reunion 
Gift and Program 
Committees. The award for 
the highest percentage of the 
class attending Reunion was 
received by Phylis and 
Sanders Acker, outreach 
cochairs for the Class of 
1952. The award for the 
largest total attendance was 
received by Steven 
Waisgerber, outreach chair 
for the Class of 1982. The 
award for the class with the 
highest percentage of 
participation in the Reunion 
giving effort was also 
received by cochairs Phylis 
and Sanders Acker of the 
Class of 1952. The award for 
the largest class gift in honor 
of their Reunion also went to 

Trustee Robert Shapiro '52 
beams as he receives a 
doctor of humane letters 

at Alumni College V2. 
autographs his book during 
Alumni College 

Gift Committee cochairs 
Gus Ranis and Ed Stavis of 
the Class of 1952. 

A check in the amount of 
$596,224, representing the 
aggregate amount of all 
Reunion class gifts received 
as of Reunion weekend, 
was presented to Daniel J. 
Mansoor, senior vice 
president for development 
and alumni relations, by 
Stephen Reiner '61. "I want 
to express my appreciation to 
all who played an active role 
as volunteers and 
contributors in their 
Reunions this year. We 
could not have experienced 
the success we achieved 
without their hard work." 

Congressman Stephen Solarz 
'62 and CNN correspondent 
Linda Scherzer '82 spoke at a 
Reunion forum. Two alumni 
were honored at separate 
ceremonies involving the 
graduating class. Diana 
Laskin Siegal '52 was this 
year's recipient of the 
Sanctity of Life Award at the 
Baccalaureate ceremony on 
Chapels Field. Siegal was 
cited for her long-term 
commitment to issues of 
health care and aging. Ruth 
Anne Hafter '56 and Peter 
Diepold '59, a former Wien 
Scholar at Brandeis, were 
inducted into the Mu chapter 
of Phi Beta Kappa. Class 
parties on Saturday evening 
took place at nearby hotels 
for most classes and featured 
dinner and dancing. 

53 Summer 1992 

Dual Reunion 
Program Set to 
Begin in 1993 

Sought for 

Increasing numbers of classes 
returning to Reunion (there 
are now eight and by the year 
2002 there will be 10), and 
the large size of several 
recent classes has placed a 
strain on the capacity of the 
University to provide quality 
spaces and services on 
campus. These growing pams 
have been studied by a 
number of committees 
and a determination was 
reached this year to begin a 
dual Reunion program in 
1993 to improve the Reunion 
experience for all. This plan, 
supported by the Alumni 
Association Board of 
Directors and approved by 
President Samuel O. Thier, 

will bring the 25th, 30th, 
35th and 40th classes back 
for Reunion at 
Commencement time in 
the spring and will bring the 
5th, 10th, 15th and 20th 
classes to campus for an 
enhanced Homecoming/ 
Reunion weekend during the 
fall foliage season. 

Dates for the 1993 Reunions 
will be May 21-23, 1993 for 
the classes of 1953, 1958, 
1963 and 1968 and October 
1-3, 1993 for the classes of 
1973, 1978, 1983 and 1988. 

The dual Reunion program 
will allow the University to 
focus greater attention on 
alumni, providing each class 
a balanced program of social 
and intellectual 
programming in appropriate 

settings. It will also lessen 
the serious facility and 
personnel constraints that 
have existed as the 
University has tried to meet 
the competing needs of some 
750 graduating seniors, 
approximately 200 graduate 
students, their respective 
families and friends, 
Commencement festivities 
for honorary degree 
recipients. Trustees, Fellows 
and President's Councilors, 
numerous school and 
departmental functions and 
as many as 30 separate 
events for approximately 
1000 alumni and guests from 
eight classes. 


Your gift to the Brandeis Pooled Income Fund could provide: 

• Income to you for life (current yield is 6.5%) 

• Free professional money management 

• Immediate income tax relief 

• Capital gains tax savings 

• Vital scholarship support to a needy Brandeis student 

If the summer heat has you down, leam how you can make a gift to Brandeis and receive 
some cool cash in return. For more information, please call or write the Brandeis Planned 
Giving Office, P.O. Box 9110, Waltham, MA 02254-9110, 617-736-4030. 

Our professional staff Is available to you and your advisors for consultation and assistance. 

54 Brandeis Review 

Class Notes 



Phylis Levins Acker, Class 
Correspondent, 205 Event Avenue, 
Hewlitt, NY 11557 

L. Arnold Goralnick has had a 

successful career m the shoe 
industry, moving through the 
executive ranks at George E. Keith 
Company where he has sei-ved as 
executive vice president and 
president. He has also been past 
president and member of the board 
of directors of the Boston Boot and 
Shoe Club, a life member of the 
Two Ten Foundation and a past 
member of the board of directors at 
Temple Israel in Sharon, MA. He 
has been married to Roslyn Coan 
since 1954; they have two children 
and two grandchildren. Diana 
Laskin Siegal was awarded the 
Sanctity of Life Award at the 
Brandeis Baccalaureate ceremony 
in May for her many years of work 
on health and living issues of older 
women. Morris M. Waldman is 
retired after 16 years in middle 
management, is living m Dcerfield 
Beach, FL, and traveling the world 
with his wife, Evalyn. They have 

they volunteer with the Women's 
League for Israel, Masonry, fewish 
War Veterans, Hadassah, B'nai 
B'rith and at a preschool for deaf 


Miriam Feingold d'Amato, Class 
Correspondent, 62 Floyd Street, 
Wmthrop, MA 02152 

)erry Douglas (a.k.a. lerry 
Rubinstein) conducted a workshop 
on soap opera for theater and film 
undergraduates at Brandeis in 
March. He plays lohn Abbott in 
the popular soap opera "The 
Young and the Restless." and he 
drew upon his daytime television 
experiences for his seniinar. 
Marvin Sieves continues as chair 
and chief executive of the New 
York advertising agency Scali, 
McCabe & Sloves. He appeared in 
a February New York Times article 
announcing the firm's acquisition 
of the Mercedes Benz account. 


ludith Paull Aronson, Class 
Correspondent, 767 South Windsor 
Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90005 

Burt Rosen, chair and CEO of 
Omnivision, ventured to campus 
in April to conduct Television: 
The Real Business behind the Box, 
a seminar for Brandeis film and 
theater students. Evelyn B. 
Sheffres moved to Cape Cod and is 
teaching art in Wellfleet, MA. She 
received a grant from the 
Massachusetts Arts Lottery to 
bring senior citizens and 

preschoolers together for a 
planting and gardening project 
entitled Wonders of Growth. Her 
enamel work, which was displayed 
at Bentley College, was also 
chosen by the Cape Cod Museum 
of Alt inneiinis, MA, fm 
nuln..:.-M ,11 i!,. ,. . I ,l: I. line Art 

her Depot .Squ.ii 
Lexington, MA. 


Leona Feldman Curhan, Class 
Correspondent, 6 Tide Winds 
Terrace, Marblehead, MA 01945 

Arthur L. Bernard, Ph.D. conducts 
workshops and courses on dreams 
entitled "Dreams-The Wisdom in 
Sleep." With audio cassettes and 
information booklets, the course 
explains how dreams can be used 
to promote greater physical and 
emotional health. 


Carole Wolfe Berman, Class 
Correspondent, 5 Heritage Lane, 
Lynnfield, MA 01946 

Liunnn 1 Km ippointed 




Allan W. Drachman, Class 
Correspondent, 115 Mayo Road, 
Wellesley, MA 02181 

Carol Boroff Albrecht shifted gear; 
after a 15-year career in city 
planning and urban development, 
moved to a rustic area of southern 
California and created Blood 
Pressure Monitoring, Inc., where 
she IS president, chief technician 

Rockwell, McDonnell-Douglas and 
Xerox Lea K. Bleyman, Ph.D. 

enioys travel and professional 
conferences and is proud to 
announce that her daughter, Anne, 
was graduated from law school. 
Alan R. Engborg lives in Sudbury, 
MA, and works for Paul Revere 
Insurance Company in Worcester, 
MA. For the past four years, Rita 
Golden Gelman has been living 
with a Balinese family in a small 
traditional village in Bali, 
Indonesia. She says that it is a 
magical place, filled with cultural 
and spiritual richness and invites 
classmates to stop by if they're m 
the ncmhbnrhnod Marcia Bialick lived 111 lM,iellor2,^ 


Brandeis and says that her 
gratification comes from a belie: 
that intervention at this time in 
student's life can have a positive 
impact on his or her future. She 
also runs a conversation group i 
wives of graduate studen 
and enjoys the experience of 


Jacobson, M.D. 

; I unit 1 Kane 

Advisors <.t the luhn 1 Kenned\ 
School oft;. i\einnienrs InMiliile 

for Social and Uuninim I'oIrn i. 

A toiiiiei ,isMM,inl 1 

o Brandeis's ,M,,ss,ieluisetts 


Ahram Sachar, 

General .iiul le.iehes .u 

he also was a natioi 

lal president of 

Harvard Umveisiiv and 

the Brandeis Alumr 

11 Association, 

University School of Medicine, H 

was awarded the Di 


wife, Susan, was graduated from 

Service Award and 

was elected a 

the New England School of Law i 

Fellow of the Univt 

■rsity by the 

1991 and their three sons are 

Board of Trustees, 

attending Emory University, the 
University of Pennsylvania and tl 

his wife, Diane Solomon Kempler 
'59, a ceramic sculptor, prepares 
for an e-xhibition of her work in 
September. Amy Miklowitz 
Leinwand lives in Scarsdale, NY, 
where she has a private practice in 
ps\'ehotheiap\' .ind is an adjunct 
|ii..' 1 -:m. mIliiik in aging, 

h.i , \.i(liaii(Nate) 

Lul.ulskx IS. x.Minve director of 
the State tif Israel Bonds, greater 
Boston chapter. He and his wife. 
Donna, live in Southboro, MA, and 
are the proud parents of five 
children, Peter Ranis has been 
professor of political science at 
York College, City University of 
New York, since 1968, on the 
CUNY graduate faculty since 1987 
and is adjunct professor at the 
New York University Center for 
Latin American Studies. He 
completed a 1985-86 Fulbright- 
supported research sabbatical in 
Buenos Aires and published 
.Ir , !: : I 11 'i:/ rj s Peroiiism and 

I I' , ■ , i hs daughter, 

iM.iiij, leeLixed.iii.M.A. in arts 
administration from NYU and his 
son, Paul Ranis '91, will attend the 
University of Miami Law School. 
Bill Ruth IS still teaching 
marketing m the Clark County, 
NV, school district, while his wife, 
Nancy, teaches reading in Boulder 
City. Their daughter, Karen, is in 
college and her twin hiothei, 
Kevin, won the Nevada state 
wrestling title and completed his 
first year as a University of New 
Mexico varsity wrestler. Laurence 
J. Silberstein, Ph.D. is director of 
the Philip and Muriel Berman 
Center for Jewish Studies at 
Lehigh University in Bethlehem, 
PA. He published Miirlin Rubers 
Social and Religious Thoughi. 
Ahcnatmn and the Quest for 
Meaning and edited New 
Perspectives on Israeli History: 
The Earlv Years of the State. His 
wife, Muriel Berenson Silberstein 

and teaches several related courses 

Eugene L. Speck, M.D. is in private 
pi.KiKe m Las Vegas, NV, and is 
.iss.iei.ite professor at the 
llnixeisity of Nevada School of 
lie He also heads the 


University Medical Center. Joel S. 
Spire and his wife, Leigh, moved 
back to Washington, DC, where he 
works at the Bureau of 
International Organization in the 
state department. He is director of 
the Office of Technical Specialized 
Agencies. Primmilla Greenleaf 
Thomas and her husband lived in 
Tokyo for two years where she 

55 Summer 1992 



taught English as a second 
language (ESLI and he had an 
assignment with IBM. They now 
are settled in San lose, CA, where 
she pursues graduate study m 
linguistics and hopes to continue 
teaching. Their son teaches ESL in 
China. After thirty years in [ewish 
education, Saul B. Troen changed 
careers and is involved in 
educational computing. He was 
appointed vice president of 
educational services for the New 
York City area Comweh 
Technology Group. He is also 
writing a Ph.D. dissertation at 
New York University on "|ewish 
Science Fiction as Aggadah 


Sunny Sunshine Brownrout, Class 
Correspondent, S7 Old Hill Road, 
Westport, CT 06880 

Stephen Berger has been appointed 
executive vice president of General 
Electric Capital Corporation where 
he is responsible for five of GE 
capital corporations: the Cni-poratc 

Finance Group, the GE Railcar 
Services Corporation, the 
Transport International Pool, the 
Gelco Space business and the 
Financial Guaranty Insurance 
Company. He lives in New York 
City with his wife, Cynthia, and 
their two children. Linda Brailove 
Kneucker lives in Vienna, Austria, 
with her husband, Raoul F. 
Kneucker, a Wien scholar. She is 
an active volunteer mother at the 
Rudolf Steiner-Schule, editor of a 
newspaper for people interested in 
Waldorf art education and a 
founder of Or Chadash, a liberal 
Jewish community. He served as 
secretary general of both the 
Rectors' Conference of Austrian 
Universities and the Austrian 
National Science Foundation, and 
is head of the Division of 
International Affairs in the Federal 
Ministry for Science and Research. 
They are the parents of Fanny, age 

22, Hannah, age 20, and 
Alexander, age 13. Letty Cottin 
Pogrebin is national chairwoman 
of Americans for Peace Now, the 
United States branch of the Israeli 
Peace Now movement. In 
December, the organization held a 
meeting at the home of Joshua 
Mailman, son of the late Brandeis 
trustee, Joseph Mailman. 


Abby Brown, Class Correspondent, 
4 Jeffrey Circle, Bedford, MA 

Allen R. Grossman, Ph.D. was 

nominated for a 1991 National 
Book Critics Circle Award for his 
book of poetry. The Ether Dome 
and Other Poems: New and 
Selected 11979 to 1991). 


Judith Leavitt Schatz, Class 
Correspondent, 139 Cumberland 
Road, Leominster, MA 01453 

Beverly Weinger Boorstein was 

sworn in by Governor Weld of 
Massachusetts as an associate 
justice of the Middlesex County 
Probate and Family Court after 
serving in private practice in 
Boston since 196,5. I. William 
Sizeler was the architect of Tulane 
University's James W. Wilson Jr. 
Center for Inter-Collegiate 
Athletics. The building received 
the A.ssociated Builders and 
r.mtiactiirs, Inc. I99I 
rinistructioii Award of Excellence 
111 ilu- L.itLUorv lit general 
L.. list, uui, in, iVcrS2 million. 


Ann Leder Sharon, Class 
Correspondent, 13890 Ravenwood 
Drive, Saratoga, CA 95070 

Rosellen Brown Hoffman has 

published several works including 
Civil Wars and A Rosellen Brown 
Reader; Before and Alter is due 
out this fall. 

Carol A. Tavris, Ph.D. is a social 
psychologist and author of several 
books including Anger: The 
Misunderstood Emotion. Her most 
recent work, The Mismeasure of 
Women, analyzes the controversy 
over gender differences and 
criticizes many attempts to define 
men and women as possessing 
different basic psychological 

Hermine Stern Leiderman, Class 
Correspondent, 2896 Twin Oaks 
Drive, Highland Park, IL 60035 

Ahmad S. Djudzman is a computer 
systems consultant in the San 
Francisco Bay area. During the 
week he lives in Moraga, CA, and 
every weekend he commutes 200 
miles to his home in Sacramento. 
His daughter, Marcia, is a 
sophomore at Stanford University. 
Geraldine Frost Hallgrimson is a 
volunteer storyteller, performing 
legends, myths, fairy tales and 
animal tales. A widow, she lives in 
Peterborough, NH, where she also 
sings in the Monadnock Chorus. 
Elise Jackendoff moderated a 
conference, Music as Science, at 
the Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology. She is an alumni 
relations officer in the Brandeis 
Office of Development and 
Alumni Relations, working with 
the Wien scholar constituency. 
She also teaches at the Longy 
School of Music and participated 
in a Mozart concert performed 
entirely by Brandeis alumni and 
professors. Susan Schulak Katcher 
earned a J.D. from the University 
of Wisconsin Law School in 1990 
and is assistant director of the East 
Asian Legal Studies Center there. 
She also teaches a course in legal 
writing geared toward 

workini; ( m ni.isui ■^ ilc);rL-cs in 
compai.uuL l.iw sIk llVL■•^wlth 
her family in M.kIisch, WI, and 
visited Japan last summer. Yona 
Nelson-Shulman, Ph.D. is an 
organizational consultant 
specializing in management and 
sales training with psychological 
interventions such as team- 
building and conflict management. 
In addition to her professional 
work and travel, she is the mother 
of two young daughters, is 
involved with the PTA and her 
synagogue and is president of a 
local community activist group. 
Ralph Propper is an air pollution 
research specialist who manages 
air toxins research contracts for 
the State of California. He is 
treasurer of the Sacramento 
American Lung Association, a 
member of the New Jewish 
Agenda's steering committee and a 
board member of the 
Environmental Council of 
Sacramento. Gerald Richman is 
vice president of national and 
cultural production for a PBS 
station in the Minneapolis/St. Paul 
area where he has lived for 1 1 

Jay R. Kaufman, Class 
Correspondent, One Childs Road, 
Lexington, MA 02173 

Naomi S. Baron is associate dean 
and professor of linguistics in the 
college of arts and sciences at The 
American University in 
Washington, DC. She has 
completed her fifth book, Growing 
Up with Language: How Children 
Learn to Talk. She lives with her 
husband and 5-year-old son, Aneil, 
in Bethesda, MD. Rev. Randolph 
W. Becker published an article in 
Five Owls, a library journal, 
entitled "The Child as Pilgrim: 
Spiritual Development of 
Children." He ( 

religious education consultant to 
the Long Island Area Council of 
Unitarian Universalist Societies. 
He also chaired the Child 
Advocacy Working Group of the 
National Council of Churches and 
participated in programs teaching 
non-Jewish children about the 
Holocaust. Robert D. Bersson, 
Ph.D., a professor of art at James 
Madison University in 
Harrisonburg, VA, has published 
Worlds of Art, a college art 
appreciation text on which he 
labored for more than seven years. 
The book contains essays by 
fellow Brandeis classmates Eliot I. 
Cohen, on the photography of 
Ansel Adams, and Mark Simon of 
the design-winning firm 
Centerbrook, on postmodern 
architecture. Dorothy Rosenthal 
Bishop is a professional cellist, 
herbalist and author of The 
Musician as Athlete: Alternative 
Approaches to Healthy 
Performance, a book which 
outlines how to use proper 
nutrition, herbs and exercise as 
preventive health measures. Susan 
Dickler has moved to Lexington, 
MA, with her husband and 5-year 
old daughter and is a consultant to 
Boston area foundations and 
organizations on women's health 

56 Brandeis Review 

Brandeis University 
Hall of Fame 
Nomination Form 

The Brandeis 
University Athletic Hall 
of Fame has been 
established by 
Brandeis University 
and is administered by 
the Friends of 
Brandeis Athletics 
(FOBA) with the 
purpose of honoring 
the accomplishments 
of the University's 
greatest scholar- 

Nominee's Name 

Class Year 

Name at Graduation 




State Zip Code 

In what varsity spon{s) did the nominee participate? 
(Years of participation. ..individual honors or awards., 
captain. etc.) 

Why do you think this nominee should be named a member 
of the Hall of Fame? (use additional sheet if necessary) 

Eligibility consists of the following: 

Eligibility shall not begin until five 
years after the class of which 
the scholar-athlete was a member is 
graduated from Brandeis University. 

Any Brandeis University alumnus 
who has earned a letter in any varsity 
sport(s) or has achieved superior 
accomplishments is eligible for 

The nominees shall be chosen on the 
basis of playing ability, integrity, 
sportsmanship, character and 
contribution to the team on which 
they played. 

Nominations may include individuals 
who do not qualify as alumni or 
athletes, but whom the Committee 
feels should be in the Hall of 
Fame because of contributions to 
Brandeis's athletic program. 

This nomination form must be 
received by the Hall of Fame 
Selection Committee no later than 
October 1 of each year. 

How do you know the nominee" 


Class Year 




State ; 

?ip Code 


Nominees must by dues-paid members of the Alumni 
Association and/or FOBA. Deadline for nominations 
is October 1 . Return this nomination form to: Jack Molloy, 
Assistant Athletic Director. Brandeis University. Gosman 
Center, Waltham, MA 02254 Phone: 617-736-3631 

News Notes 

what have you been doing 
lately' Let the alumni office 
know. We invite you to 
submit articles, photos (black 
and white photos are preferred) 
and news that would be of 
interest to your fellow 
classmates to: 

Office of Alumni Relations 
Brandeis University 
P.O. Box 9110 
Waltham, MA 02254-91 10 

Brandeis Degree &. Class Year 

D Please check here if address is 
different from mailing label. 

If you know of any alumni 
who are not receiving the 
Brandeis Review, please let 
us know. 

Due to space limitations, we 
usually are unable to print 
lists of classmates who attend 
each other's weddings 
or other functions. News of 
engagements, marriages and 
births are included in 
separate listings by class. 

issues. Linda S. Feldman is judicial 
attorney for the acting presiding 
justice of the 6th District State 
Court of Appeal of California. Her 
husband is a state deputy attorney 
general. They have 3 children, 
Melissa, age 13, Isaac, age 11, and 
Sharon, age 10. Everett Fox is 
associate professor of ludaica and 
director of the program in Jewish 
studies at Clark University in 
Worcester, MA. He also has 
written "The Bible and its World" 
in The Schocken Guide to Jewish 
Boolis. Paula Baral Fox is a school 
psychologist working with 
elementary school children in a 
suburban Minneapolis, MN, 
school district. Her husband, 
Norman, is also a school 
psychologist and they enjoy 
comparing notes on their 
respective school districts. Their 
daughter, Shira, age 10, survives as 
their "guinea pig," but they 
wonder just whose behavior is 
being modified. Stephen M. 
Goldman is executive director of 
the Tampa Bay Holocaust 
Memorial Museum and 
Educational Center in St. 
Petersburg, FL. This organization 
opened last January with its 
internationally famous Anne 
Frank exhibit that received over 
32,000 visitors in one month. He 
also teaches Sunday school at his 
synagogue and at the Community 
Hebrew High School and works lor 
the Brandeis Alumni Admissions 
Council. His wife, Sylvia, is unit 
coordinator of the labor and 
delivery department of the local 
women's hospital. They have three 
busy children, Shimon Jessica, age 
19, Chava Danielle, age 15, and 
Zachary Keane, age 10. Samuel C. 
Heilman, Ph.D. is a visiting fellow 
at the Institute for Advanced Study 
at Hebrew University in New 
York. His wile, Ellin Kaufman 
Heilman, is completing a doctoral 
degree in psychology at Yeshiva 
University. Kenneth L Helphand is 
professor of landscape architecture 
at the University of Oregon and 
author of the newly-published 
book, Colorado: Visions of an 
American Landscape. Sponsored 
by the American Society of 
Landscape Architects and the 
Landscape Architecture 
Foundation, the book traces 
human settlement and land use in 
the state. Stephen P. Herman, 
M.D. is a child psychiatrist 
specializing in medical-legal 
psychiatry in Wilton, CT, and 
Manhattan. He is the author of 
Parent vs. Parent: How You and 
Your Child Can Survive the 
Custody Battle and is a 
contributing editor to Family 

Circle magazine. He lives in a 
300-year-old house in Newton, 
CT, with his wife, stage actress 
Joan Grant. Nancy Miller 
Kozerodsky has a full-time law 
practice in Tenafly, NJ, and was 
selected to serve as copresident of 
the Cresskill Education 
Foundation, a fund-raising 
organization that brings 
enrichment programs to the 
Cresskill schools. She and her 
husband, Michael, have two 
children, Laurel, ago 12, and Jeff, 
age 9, Ronald Kriinisli is director of 
the Isriil nlliit III ill! .AniL-rican 
Jewi.shl,iiiiiniiiKi, luscd in 
Jerusalem, He .uul his wile. Amy 
Weiss, have three d.iu,i;lueis, S.m, 
age 16, Dahha, .i,i;e I4,.iiul .Aiiell.i, 
age 11. After spendin.i; ei,i;ht 
with TVOntario in Toronto, 
Howard P. Krosnick has moved to 
Montreal to assume the post of 
director of the international 
program at the National Film 
Board of Canada. Robert B. Lamm 
relocated to Boca Raton, FL, and 
was elected corporate secretary 
and chief securities counsel at the 
headquarters of W.R. Grace & 
Company. Jill Levin is the legal 
unit coordinator at Alternatives to 
Domestic Violence, a county 
agency in Hackensack, NJ. She has 
three children, Elisha, age 18, 
Rachel, age 15, and Talia, age 
9 1/2, and is amazed at bow fast 
they are growing up. Mark Mannis, 
M.D., professor of ophthalmology 
at the University of California at 
Davis, is completing a two-year 
term as chairman of the Eye Bank 
Association of America. He lives 
in Carmichael, CA, with his wife, 
Judith, and their three children, 
Avi, Gabriel and Tova. Susan 
Shapiro Martling, M.D. is a family 
practitioner living in Kentfield, 
CA, with her husband and three 
children. She enjoys volunteering, 
playing tennis, skiing and raising 
her kids. Ellen Novack is casting 
director for ABC's "One Life to 
Live" and has her own freelance 
business, Ellen Novack Casting. 
She lives in New York City with 
her two daughters, Gemma, age 
10, who had a play produced at the 
52nd Street Project, and Hallie, age 
6 1/2. David Reiter, M.D., whose 
practice includes cosmetic and 
reconstructive surgery of the face, 
neck and jaws, is director of the 
Center for Facial Plastic Surgery at 
the Jefferson Medical College/ 
Thomas Jefferson University 
Hospital in Philadelphia, PA. He 
also created his future retirement 
business. The Intensive Care Unit, 
for construction, restoration and 
maintenance of race cars of all 
types and ages. He and his wife, 
Karen, celebrated their son Jon's 
BarMu.-v.ih l.isi Noveiiiiier, will 
celehi.ue.lun Mliliiiiniversary 
this ye.ii .iiul l.iiu.ird to their 
son Danny's liai Mii.;vah in '94. 

Alan D. Rogowsky, an attorney 
representing a new Russian- 
American joint venture, spent a 
month in Moscow with his 
Russian clients. He keeps in touch 
with Jacqueline Neuhaus Bradley, 
Elaine Buda Sheinmel and Lynn 
Silver. Aviva Kligfeld Roscnbloom 
has been a cantor at Temple Israel 
of Hollywood in Hollywood, CA, 
for 16 years. She appeared in the 
West Coast premiere of the opera, 
The Emperor of Atlantis, written 
by Viktor Ullman while he was an 
inmate in the Terezin 
concentration camp. She is very 
interested in the ramifications of 
the changes in the former USSR 
and remains active in Jewish 
feminist activities in Los Angeles, 
including the BatKol retreat, 
Shabbat Shenit monthly services, 
the Timbrels of Miriam 
Conference and the Jewish 
Feminist Center. Anthony G. 
Scariano has become "somewhat 
bored" practicing law and 
specializing in representing school 
districts in Illinois and is pursuing 
a Ph.D. in educational 
administration at Loyola 
University in Chicago. Barbara 
Freed Sherman studies at the New 
England School of Art and Design 
and enjoys her marriage and her 
two daughters. She was elected to 
her town meeting last spring, is on 
the board of the Brookline 
Foundation, which helps raise 
funds for public schools, and is 
managing her friend's campaign for 
school committee reelection. After 
teaching and playing violin for 
more than 20 years, Lesley Straley 
became a public school 
kindergarten teacher and has 
returned to graduate school for a 
master's degree in education. She 
and her partner, Charlotte, are 
happily settled in Vermont, where 
she enjoys gardening, music, 
reading and canoe trips. Genie 
Polower Strupp, after a 
"catastrophic career" as a high 
school foreign language teacher, 
became a paralegal and is 
considering attending law school. 
She lives on a converted farm 
outside of Salt Point, NY, with her 
husband, Andy, an international 
business consultant whose job 
provides them with exciting travel 
opportunities to exotic locales 
such as Ethiopia and China. Amy 
M. Tree was accepted for spring 
admission at Antioch New 
England Graduate School in Keene, 
NH, to pursue a master of arts 
degree in counseling psychology. 
Alan M. Waldman writes for 
numerous business, sports and 

58 Brandeis Review 


entertainment publications, 
including T. V. Guide, and has won 
various awards for investigative 
reporting and writing copy on 

as European chair of the 
Worldwide Friends of Frogs. He 
and his wife, Moey, enjoy life in 
southern California and get much 
pleasure from opera, gardening, 
theater, travel and four brilliant 


Jo Anne Chernev Adlerstein, Class 
Correspondent, 76 Glenview Road, 
South Orange, N| 07079 

Stephen P. Coyle, chief executive 
officer of the AFL-CIO's Housing 
Investment Trust in Washington, 
DC, addressed the Washington 
Chapter on the subject of 
affordable housing. Jon Gage, 
assistant financial editor of the 
Paris-based International Herald 
Tribune, was the keynote speaker 
at the first of four Europe '91 
events entitled "Europe '91: What 
is Changing and What Americans 
Should Know." This address and 
panel discussion was sponsored by 
Assumption College, Riley 
Consolidated, Inc. and the 
Worcester Area Chamber of 
Commerce. The Special Assistant 
to Mount Holyoke College 
President Elizabeth Kennan, 
Madelaine Samalot Marquez, was 
named by Massachusetts Governor 
William F. Weld to the State Board 
of Education. At Mount Holyoke 
she also is responsible for 
government relations and 
represents the college at different 
associations to stay informed 
about how state or federal 
legislation may impact the college. 
Her husband, Roberto Marquez 
'66, is professor of Latin American 
and Caribbean studies at Mount 


Carol Stein Schulman, Class 
Correspondent, 7 Stonehenge, 
Great Neck, NY 11023 

Susan Rubin recounts her 
counterculture era adventures in a 
one-woman performance piece 
entitled "Sarah's Story: Tripping 
on the Belly of the Beast." Set in 
1969, this pilot project of the 
Women Artists Group is a 
semiautobiographical account of 
an idealistic Brandeis graduate's 
adventures. The show, playing at 
Theatre 4, former home of the Los 
Angeles Theatre Center, is 
presented by Indecent Exposure 
and is the first to be cosponsored 
by the cultural affairs department 
of the City of Los Angeles. 

Mark L. Kaufman, Class 
Correspondent, 28 Devens Road, 
Swampscott, MA 01907-2014 

After almost 1 1 years as a federal 
prosecutor, Anita Dymant was 
appointed by the governor of 
California as judge of the Los 
Angeles Municipal Court. She and 
her husband, Richard, live in 
Sherman Oaks, CA, with their son, 
Matthew, age 6, and daughter, 




Mark and Elaine Heimburger 
Tulis, Class Correspondents, 21 
Gray Rock Lane, Chappaqua, NY 

After residing in Boston for 15 
years, Richard E. Goldberg and his 

wife, Hillary, first moved to 
Chicago where he worked at 
Alberto-Culver as group product 
manager on styling products and 
then moved to Memphis, TN, 
where he is in marketing for 
Maybelline Larry M. Myatt, Ph.D. 

outstanding school principals from 
around the United States for the 
Thomson Fellowship Program by 
the Coalition of Essential Schools, 
an education reform effort based at 
Brown University. He is director of 
the Fenway Middle College, an 
urban public secondary school in 
Boston, which was recognized by 
the U.S. Department of Labor with 
its 20 Lift-America National 
Award for its progressive efforts 
toward school restructuring. He 
was also named by Governor Weld 
to the Massachusetts Community 
Service Commission, formed to aid 
the administration in charting the 
course for the state's schools. 
Myatt is also a principal in School 
Alternatives, Inc., which performs 
consulting services on school 
reform issues. Jay S. Portnoy is a 
software engineer for the Charles 
Stark Draper Laboratory in 
Cambridge, MA. Elaine 
Heimberger Tulis, Ph.D. continues 
her private practice in clinical 
psychology, is consultant to the 

Pleasantville Child Guidance 
Center and is president of the 
board of directors of the Oak Lane 
Child Law Center. Her husband, 
Mark Tulis, received 65 percent of 
the vote and was reelected town 
supervisor of the Town of New 
Castle in northern Westchester, 
NY. They live in Chappaqua, NY, 
where they enjoy parenting and 
coaching their three children, 
lonah, age 10, Benji, age 7, and 
Rebecca, age 2. 


Paula L. Scheer, Class 
Correspondent, 133 Park Street, 
Brookline, MA 02146 

Susan tt. Sneider earned a J.D. 
from Boston College in 1976 and 
resides in Evanston, IL, with her 
husband, Jonathan L. Mills '69, 

and their three children, Kimberly, 
lessica and Samantha. 


Elizabeth Sarason Pfau, Class 
Correspondent, 80 Monadnock 
Road, Chestnut Hill, MA 02167 

Katherine Abrams, who thought 
she was only coming to New York 
City for a summer job after 
graduation, has now lived there for 
IS years. An illustrator, she serves 
on the board of directors of the 
Graphic Artists Guild, a national 
advocacy organization, while her 
husband, leremy Garber, is an 
attorney with the New York State 
Departmental Disciplinary 
Committee. They live in 
"neighborhoody" Park Slope with 
their two daughters, Judith, age 
2 1/2, and Leah, age 3 months. Joel 
M. Fiedler, M.D. was elected to the 
board of directors of Garden State 
Medical Group, the largest 
multispecialty medical group in 
New Jersey. He also maintains 
academic appointments at both 
the department of pediatric 
rheumatology at Robert Wood 
Medical School and at St, 
Christopher's Children's Hospital 
m Philadelphia, m the department 
of pediatric allergy and 
immunology. Jane Goldman 
Ostrowsky works in real estate for 
Castles Unlimited and continues 
to reside in Newton Centre, MA, 
with her husband, Mark, and three 
children, David, Sharon and 1991 
addition, Jonathan. Beth Slavet, a 
former labor lawyer, has been 
hired to run Congressman Chet 
Atkins's Washington office. Janet 
A. Smith moved her home and 

business from New Hampshire to 
Tarrytown, NY. She has completed 

work on Consumer Reports 1992 
Travel Buying Guide and has 
published a series of articles in 
Direct Marketing magazine. She 
earned an M.B.A. from Babson 
College and is pursuing nondegree 
graduate studies in Russian 
language at Columbia University 
to prepare for a business trip to 
Russia thi; 


Leslie Penn, Class Correspondent, 
Marshall Leather Finishing, 43-45 
Wooster Street, New York, NY 

Steven Kaplan (MA. '75| is a 
senior lecturer in African studies 
and comparative religion at the 
Hebrew University of Jerusalem 
and chairman of the African 
studies department there. He 
published his fourth book. The 
Beta Israel (Falashaj in Ethiopia: 
From Earliest Times to the 
Twentieth Century, and is 
coauthoring with psychosexual 
therapist Dr. Ruth Westheimer a 
study of Ethiopian Jewish family 
life in Israel entitled Surviving 


Beth Pearlman Rotenberg, Class 
Correspondent, 2743 Dean 
Parkway, Minneapolis, MN 55416 

Richard J. Novick, M.D. was 

promoted to associate professor of 
cardiothoracic and transplant 
surgery at the University Hospital 
in London, Ontario. He lives in 
Canada with his wife, Terri, and 
their sons, Jason, 3 1/2, and 
Daniel, 7 months. Brian A. Rogol 
IS a vice president with General 
Electric Capital in Stamford, CT, 
specializing in aviation lease 
financing, while his wife, Rhonna 
Weber Rogol, is an attorney and 
associate of a solo practitioner. 
They have three children, Alissa, 
age 10, Joshua, age 8, and Dane, 
age 5. 


Randall Rich, Class 
Correspondent, 6620 Ivy Hill 
Drive, McLean, VA 22101-5206 

Mark B. Lonstein, M.D. was 

inducted as a fellow of the 
American Academy of 
Orthopaedic Surgeons at the 
Academy's 59th annual meeting in 
Washington, DC. 


Mazelle Ablon is m her second 
decade in the bakery business with 
Mazelle &. Sechel Inc. and has 
helped the company triple in size 
by supplying 3,500 restaurants in 
II states with "Mazelle's 
Cheesecakes." Melissa Annis is a 

59 Summer 1992 


Child's Name 

)ane Goldman Ostrowsky 
Cynthia Benjamin 
Llewellyn Jones 
Alan S. Katz, M.D. 
Marcy C. Kornreich 
William Mark Levinson 

Renee Heyman Nachbar 
Karen Brot Samson and 
Craig D. Samson 

Diane Cohen Schneider 

Beth S. Fein and 
Eric Hollander, M.D. '78 
Sydna M. Bernstein 
Rich Jaffee 
Seth D. Moldoff 

Susan Tanur EUman and 
Stephen B. EUman 
Aron E. Lukacher, M.D. 
Amy Cohen Anneling 
Martin R. Kupferberg 
Tamar Lange Schriger 
Keith F. Silverman 
Elizabeth Taub Bteslow 
Spencer Feldman 
Hal |. Leibowitz and 
Jill Kelber Leibowitz '85 
Susan J. Sokol and 
Glenn Rubenstein '83 
Rhonda Zingmond Allen an 
Peter Allen '82 
Deborah Friedman 
Tandy Goldenberg 
Sara Silver Honovich 
Randi Neumann Pomerantz 
and Scott Pomerantz '82 
Leslie Sherman-Kessler 
Rita Stein Silver and 
Scott Silver '84 
Susan Hills Goldman and 
Michael J. Goldman '85 
Suzanne Wahler-Stephan 
Laurie Rubin-Haber 
Greta Bernard Brown and 
Robert Brown '86 
Karen Weinberg Drogin and 
Phillip Drogin 
Rachel Gubitz Feingold 

Jonathan Peter 
Jesse Adam Dugas 
Jessica Michelle 

Emily Meredith 
Lauren Valero' 
Danielle Luisa 
Alvssa Michulc 
Andrea loelle 
Adam Beniamin 
Nathan Evan 
Molly Pauline 
Evan Harris 

Eliana Tess 
Benjamin Henry 
Phillip Louis 


Anna Naomi 
Alexander Philip 
Samuel Ross 
Yonah Bracha 
Rebecca Mollie 
Samuel Mitchell 
Elisc Freudenheim 
Matthew Jay 

Mara Moon 

Robert Irving 

Ian Michael 
Leah Elvse 
lessica Lvnne 
Matthew Aaron 

Adam Scott 
Eric Laurence 
Tyler Maxwell 
Sara Nicole 

Alyssa Mane 
Ross Aaron 
Hada Shoshana 

Jaclyn Lindsay 


August 18, 1991 
October 16, 1991 
January 1, 1992 
December, 1990 
lanuary 19, 1991 
February 17, 1992 



December 13, 19)- 
January 2, 1991 
lanuary 2, 1991 
August 24, 1990 
February 9, 1992 
Iuly3, 1990 

November 13, 1991 
Septemher 13, 1991 
August 4. 1991 
August 4, 1991 
February 16, 1992 

April 30, 1991 
September 14, 1991 
luly 10, 1991 
September 17, 1991 
February 3, 1992 
Ianuarv9, 1992 
January 13, 1992 

September 21, 199 

February 10, 1992 

October 15, 1990 
September 7. 1991 
September IS, 199 
September 9, 1991 

Junes, 1991 
May 2, 1991 
May 2, 1991 
October 16, 1991 

June 28, 1991 
March 26, 1992 
Julys, 1991 

licensed interior designer living in 
Laguna Niguel, CA. Cheryl 
Polansky Baratv, alon.t; with her 
husliand, lici ,nul ^\ son, 
Yaniv, h,l^llln^^dh.Kkt<.her 


ih he 


Baraty. She enjoys iIk 
relaxed pace of Milwaukee after 1 1 
years as a food and drug attorney 
in Washington, DC. Brad A. 
Bederman is living in Morristown, 
NJ, and is a systems engineer and 
computer programmer for 
Electronic Data Systems. He 
spends his evenings pursuing an 
M.B.A. at RutRcrs University, is 
interested m the Mi^tk market and 

andaenihiL o....!.. Iitcstvle. 
Cindy 1. I'.ill-Di.iiu i 

presiiki ■ .1 .MA, 

chaptei I-: M .1 I- - ! ■ '^iK and her 
husband, llavid, traveled to Israel 
in July 1991 where she was the 
National Young Leader 
representative for the Western 
New En,v;l.ind Remmi (.f Hadassah 
atthen.iti.ui.iUninLmion. They 


ih their t 

daughters, kendra, age 7, and 
Maressa, age 5. Cynthia Benjamin 
lives in Rhode Island with her 
husband and children (they have 
an infant soni and is a freelance 
editor/writer. She also is involved 
in efforts to establish a Rhode 
Island Alumni Association 
chapter Seth H. Berner completed 

1 cour 

ened the 

gastrunmin .n 
first restauiani in .Maine 
specializing in cooking for and 
with microbes. Avron A. Boretz is 
living in Ithaca, NY, where he 
edits videotapes and writes about 
his visit to .southeastern Taiwan. 
Ann Bolts Bromberg was 
appointed produttmn editor for the 
monthly trade in,r.:.i i;u \'r. 
lewelry Manuliii ' i : 

that her English \r. , i r. i. i. - 
helped her get tlu \->\' i Jmnj ,i:ni 
proofreading. She lives in 
Philadelphia, PA, with her 
husband, Arthur, and children, 
Joseph, age 8, Sarah, age 6, and 
Malka, age 4. Robert P. DiGtazia is 
an attorney specializing in civil 
litigation and workers' 
compensation law in a firm 
located in the north shore area of 
greater Boston. He has been 
married five years and is the father 
of a 2 1/2 vear-.,ld son, Tvler Cole. 

Rebekah L. Do 

rmaii, P 

h.D. IS 

successtulh di 

HIV.; thr 


mother luqgic' 

' with h. 

L-r two boys. 

Colby, 20 mon 

ths, and Gilad, 5 

months, and a 

job as ai 


director of rese 

larch at 

the Child 

Guidance Center of Gi 

Cleveland whe 

■re she c 

ontmues her 

research into child abuse. After 
eight years in the computer field, 
Daniel C. Goldman attended New 
York University Law School and is 
now a litigation attorney for the 
Manhattan law firm of Weil, 
Gotshal & Manges. Rabbi Elyse 
Goldstein moved to Toronto as a 
noncongregational rabbi with her 
Canadian husband and their two 
sons. After 10 years as a rabbi, she 
is happy to serve as director of the 
Community Adult Education 
Center of the Reform Movement 
of Canada. Diane Botwick 
Greenlee, who works only a few 
hours a week, says that her law 
degree is collecting dust while she 
and her husband, Allen, who is 
interning in Washington, DC, raise 
their three ,i;irls, Ariel, age 7, 
Emilv, aue S, .ind, age 3. Eric 
Hollander, .M.D. is ..ssnciate 

the CulleKr nt rhvsiciansand 
Surgeons, Columbia University, 
and is director of the obsessive 
compulsive disorders biological 
studies program at the New York 
State Psychiatric Institute. He also 
was the recipient of the Research 
Scientist Development Award 
from the Natinna! Institute of 
Mental 1 k.ihh .iiul ..I the 

us in New York City 
Beth S. Fein '79, 

rcLtorut Mnabella 
\ their 2-year-old son, 

Youn.i; I'sn 
Award Ik 
with his w 
productinn dircLt 
magazine, and th 
Evan. Llewellyn lones lives in 
West Roxbury, MA, with his wife, 
Alicia, and newborn daughter, 
Jessica. Alan S. Katz, M.D. 
completed his cardiology 
fellowship at New York Hospital, 
Cornell Medical Center. He and 
his wife, Joyce, have retumed to 
New England where he is director 
of echocardiography at Miriam 
Hospital in riovidenee, RI, and 

KdTnuKli -kiitofthe 

I! I I I. II ': s, ■ .'-I .Mumni 

AssiiL 1,11 mil ,iiul (.h.i 11 person of its 
Founder's 1 ).u \^M1 kiekoff event 
for the sLhiii'l's \e.ii-long .mniversary. She 
also teaches journalism courses at 
Curry College in Milton, MA, and 
serves as faculty advisor to the 
student newspaper. In addition, 
she is a contributing writer to the 
book, Nolan Ryan: The Authorized 
Pictorial History, and lives in 
Wellesley, MA, with her husband, 
Ken, and daughters, Kayla and 
Rachel. Harold "Harry" Lebowitz, 

60 Brantieis Review 


M.D. is a partner m Delaware 
Ophthalmology Consultants and 
clinical assistant professor of 
ophthalnic'lno at tlir Temple 
School ..I McJuine He 
participated in a Mijiinteer eye 
surgery expedition m El Salvador 
last April and lives in Chadds Ford, 
PA, vvJith his wife, psychologist 
Penelope Neckowit:, Ph.D. Mary 
F. Leslie works at the Leamiii.i; 
Centerof the Uni\eiMt\ nl Maine 
in Presque Isle vvheie she IiihK lite 
challenems. IS kainin:.; iM walk on 


hardly iKh-.v'. in r. ■:.. became so 
involved in the computer husiness, 
having been in high tech 
marketing for over 12 years. She 
was married to Richard Langeuin 
last August and they live in 
Brookline, MA. William Mark 
Levinson is a partner in the Los 
Angeles law firm of McKenna & 
Fitting, specializing in municipal/ 
corporate financing and leverage 
buy-out restructuring. He and his 
bride, Carrie Goldstein, 
honeymooned in Hong Kong, 
Thailand and Bali and celebrated 
the birth nl twins. Emilv and 
Lauren m 1. iMuir. IN'ter B. ; > st Hills, 

NY, an.; uLtorof 

markeii: ' i ,.lcr. Vivian 



. .ill- nieluding 
twins Wendv and Misie, is a very 
busy one. She has returned to 
school for a second master's 
degree, this time in education, and 
volunteers by teaching music in 
both her daughters' nursery and 
elementary schools. Lorraine M. 
Luger married Dennis Guillaume 
in 1980, received her master's in 
social work in 1986 from the 
University of Connecticut and 
works with the homebound elderly 
for Connecticut Community Care. 
They live in Waterbury, CT, with 
their two children, Rebecca, age 8, 
and; i ■! " \\ In k she is 
involM >i IKS and 

syna.O"-' l;c lu i I lr\ man 

Medford, NI, and manages fund- 
raising and budgeting operations of 
this 2.S0-meinber C(ini;ie>;ation. 
PaulResimk ; . in- 

anesthi^ '^piings, 

CA. LauuiKi \. i;,iilil.artislaw 
secretji> L>.a\^v. "i.ak State 
Supreme Court ludge, specializing 
in matrimonial cases. He lives in 
the Park Slope area of Brooklyn 
with his wife, Beth Weitzman, an 
assistant professor at New York 
University's Wagner School, and 
their two sons, Isaac, age 8, and 
Michah, age 4 1/2. Elisa Schindler 
lived in the heart of Lincoln Park 

near Chicago, IL, where she was 
assistant general manager of the 1. 
Magnin specialty store on 
Michigan Avenue, the Magnificent 
Mile. The store closed in June, so 
she and her 4-pound Pomeranian, 
Muffin, relocated to New York 
City where she Loniinues her 
retail eaieei with ,\1,r\ s. In 1991, 
Jolie Schwab loined Mendien 
Hotels, inc. as counsel, and works 
three days a week while raising her 
three children, Alex, age 6, Emily, 
age 2, and Spencer, 8 months. Her 
husband, David Hodes '77, is a 
partner with The Yarmouth 

management firm. They live on 
Manhattan's Upper East Side and 
spend their weekends skiing and 
relaxing in southern Vermont. 
Lesley A. Sharp, Ph.D. completed 
his doctorate in medical 
anthropology at the University of 
California at Berkeley in 1990 after 
conducting fielJwnrk m 
Mada.i;asi,n I le is Iimuk in 
Indianapnhs ,ind w mi kin.g at Butler 
Universitv, wlieie lie was hired to 
start an undergraduate 
anthropology program. Susan 
Darmon Shwom is working at 
Herman Geist, Inc. in Boston and 
living in Sharon, MA. Her 
husband is involved in drag racing 
and appeared in New York City at 
Vision Expo in March. Melvin H. 
Stoler has been working at the 
Gaebler Children's Center in 
Wahham, MA, as a clinical social 
worker for the past 10 years while 

an eunsiiliant. They 
have two children. .Adam, age 4, 
and Ari, age 1, who keep them on 
their toes. With an eye on the 
Boston Marathon, he has also 
taken up running. Edward Vien 
completed his doctorate in clinical 
psychology in 1988 from Pacific 
University and is a psychologist in 
a group private practice in Oregon. 
Andrew P. Warshaw is in general 
dental practice with his wife, San 
Rosenwein, in Brooklyn, NY, 
where they live with their two 
children, Serb, age 6, and Sydney, 
age 2. 


Ruth Strauss Fleischmann, Class 
Correspondent, 8 Angier Road, 
Lexington, MA 02 17.3 

Sydna M. Bernstein completed her 
doctorate in psychology while her 
husband, Gary Wenick, M.D., has 
joined a private practice in 
Katonah, NY, where they and their 
two children, Libbie and Eliana, 
plan to relocate. Rachel Ex 
Connelly was promoted to the 

rank ot a.ssociate professor of 
economics and awarded tenurs 
Bowdoin College's governing 
boards. Her research focuses oi 
> of population, laboi 

econometrics. Lisa J. Fruitt has 

announced the establishment of 
Fruitt Communications in 

Cambridge, MA, a strategic 
communications firm specializing 
in creating integrated programs for 
business and professional clients. 
She has spent 12 years in corporate 
marketing and communications, 
including seven years as head of 
corporate communications for 
Beacon Hotel Corporation. Steven 
Greenfield has been president of 
Comiiionwe.ilih Tov Company 
since 1-- . i : ;.-'-aeliance 
enci.ii; .ewinning 

Detii.n i Mswriter, 

Mitchell IV Mhoii! It the Super 
Bowl leremv \. Silverfine and his 
wife, Louise Domenitz, 
honeymooned in the Northwest 
following their marriage in Boston. 


Elizabeth M. Champlin, Class 
Correspondent, 508.3 West 
Place, St. Louis, MO 63108 

Craig D. Lapin, M.D. was elected 
to fellowship in the American 
Academy of Pediatrics following 
certification as a specialist in the 
field of child health. 


Matthew B. Hills, Class 
Correspondent, 16 Harcourt, Apt. 
3E, Boston, MA 021 16 

Ellen Cohen, Class Correspondent, 
2004 Crestlane Drive, Smyrna, GA 

Elizabeth Taub Breslow lives on 
the Upper West Side of Manhattan 
with her husband. Rick, and their 
new son, Samuel. She is the legal 
recruitment administrator at Paul, 
Weiss, Pvifkind, Wharton ,<. 

uiKeJ Preyiotisly 
'■I'd in Ghost and 

Ml Christian Slater in 
i U .il-ii received an Obie 
\u.iidloi hiswnrk mtheoff- 
l!i...ulwa\' piiiduetion The Sum of 
I - Marc Evan Kutner was 
giaduated Iroin the University of 
Houston Law Center in l^SS and 
practices personal miuiv liti,i;ation 
in Houston. He and his wite, Pam, 
have a six-month-old dau,t;hier, 
(enny. Scott B. Pomerantz is an 
ophthalmologist practicin.i; in 
Paramus, NI, while his wife, Randi 
Neumann Pomerantz '83, is an 
attorney practicing m Mornstown, 
N|. They live in Park Ridge, NI, 
with then new son, Matthew. 


Eileen Isbitts Weiss, Class 
Correspondent, 456 9th Street #.30, 
Hoboken, NI 07030 

Marlene S. Besterman has been a 
Manhattan assistant district 
attorney since her graduation from 
Cardozo Law School in 1986. She 
works in the trial division as well 
as within the sex crimes unit and 
lives in Greenwich Village with 
her miniature schnauzer, P.I. She 
also maintains close relationships 
with her buddies from Brandeis— 
and yes, she subscribes to the 
lustice. Tandy Goldenberg was 
graduated finm the Ospondc Hall 
Law Sehnnl 111 Tnn.niM in |o,sn, 
and has keen pi.ietiLiimlamily law 
eversinee Slie liyes m l )ntaiiu 
with her husband, Neal Sutton, a 
doctor and a lawyer, and their 
infant daughter, Leah. Benjamin R. 
Schulman completed his tenure as 
president of the South Florida 
Chapter of the Brandeis Alumni 
Association and opened his own 

Helen Obermayer is sales director 

Elan,, ■.,, , 

,,., 11, ... lesl 


at The BiKtnn t'lncTil^ Paper. 


ssler IS ., i.iuieel 

Previously she eiinipleted a four- 

managei in t 

inaneiai aid svste 


month eiuniaet with /nn-esl, a 

at the Eduea 

tional Testing Sei 


start-U]^ kii-iness luwspaper, m 

in Princeton 

, NI She resides I 


Mosen,., ' "; - Marlene Finn 

riamsboio i 

VI ^^ ■: n !;, ' ';,,-! 


Rudenii.ii, ..loiwith 

thek.n 1 ,.n 

KeniiN ,iiid ,' 


Depailin'ni n, W i ! , , ni;lnrd, CT, a 

was elected 

music teaehel to 3-^ year-olds, a 

jazz band saxophonist and 

producer of a variety show that 

was televised in lanuary. 

61 Summer 1992 




1967 Gerald Richman to Kate Saiiawcibs 
1972 Jay S. Portnoy to Deborah S. Ungerkidt.- 

1978 Edward Vien to Vera E. lordan 

1979 Jonathan I. Cohen to Joan E. Melvin 
Jeremy I. Silverfine to Louise Domcnitz 

1980 Edward Z. Frim to Lori Abrams 

1981 Helen Obermayer to Eric Myers 

1985 Howard Baikovitt to Simone Greenstcii 
Daryl B. Gurian to Russell Stern 

1986 David M. Brensilber to Bonnie M. 
Gittleman '87 

Jaime D. Ezratty to Stacey Goldberg 
Deborah B. Postelnek to Lawrence G. 

1987 Deborah A. Sussman to Michael Stephc 

1989 David Erani to Diana Gershon 

1990 Drew A. Molotsky to Abigail L. Drexler 

October 13, 1990 
May 27, 1990 
February 28, 1992 
June 23, 1991 
July 28, 1991 
August 25, 1991 
June 9, 1991 
August 10, 1991 
April 11, 1992 
November 2, 1991 

July 3, 1990 
May 24, 1992 


Class Name 

1983 Perrine Robinson to Dr. Eric B. Geller 

1986 Julie F. Grasfield to Steven Weil 
Gary S. Zel to Antoinette Colarte 

1988 Melissa J. Glickman to David M. Mellman 

1989 Alyssa I. Sanders to Stephen Comstock 

1990 Glen Markowitz to Judl Goldenberg '91 

1991 Bonnie Kwitkin to Douglas Goldstein 

Lasell College to their board of 
overseers. She is a property 
manager for Capital Partners, a 
real estate management firm in 
Brookline, MA, and was named a 
President's Councilor at Brandeis 
in lanuary. Rita Stein Silver, a 
copywriter for Dun & Bradstreet, 
lives in New Jersey with her 
husband, Scott Silver '84, vice 
president for a financial high 
technology company, and their 
twin sons, Eric and Tyler. David 
Bennett Workman was named a 
director at the real estate firm of 
Joseph Hilton &. Associates. He is 
a member of the Real Estate Board 
of New York, the Young Men's/ 
Women's Real Estate Association 
and is on the board of the Brandeis 
University Alumni Association, 
New York City chapter. 


Marcia Book, Class Correspondent, 
98-01 67th Avenue #14N, 
Flushing, NY 1 1374 

Martin K. Alintuck managed 
media relations efforts for 
Democratic presidential candidate 
Paul Tsongas's Michigan and 
northem California campaign 
efforts Susan Hills Goldman, 
Michael J. Goldman and their 
infant daughter, Sara Nicole, are 
living in Forest Hills, NY, where 
she works for Liberty Travel. He 
works in Manhattan as product 
marketing coordinator for 
subscription services and 
electronic publishing at Facts on 
File. Alan D. Schlein was elected 
to the board of directors of the 
Limousine Operators of 
Connecticut, Inc. Lynne Marie 
Secatore lives in Cohasset, MA, 
with her husband, Peter 
Comunale, and their 2-year-old 
son, Nicky. She has been a self- 
employed consultant for three 
years involved with technical 
writing for a major mutual fund/ 
investment firm in Boston. She 
writes and designs user manuals, 
programming guides and reference 
guides for internally-developed and 
outside software packages. 

Debra Radlaucr, Class 
Correspondent, 101 West 90th 
Street #19F, New York, NY 10024 

Howard Baikovitz was graduated 
from the University of Miami 
School of Medicine m 1989 and 
completed his residency in 
internal medicine at Jackson 
Memorial Hospital in Miami. In 
June, he and his wife, Simone, 
moved to Pittsburgh, PA, where he 
is a fellow in gastroenterology and 
hepatology at the University of 
Pittsburgh and she is pursuing her 
pharmacy career. Pamela Scott 
Chirls is a senior editor for Van 
Nostrand Reinhold in New York 
City. She and her husband, Stuart, 
have moved to Connecticut where 
he IS with Tennis magazine. 

lUyse Shindler Habbe, Class 
Correspondent, 89 Turner Street, 
Brighton, MA 02135 

Alyse Bass was graduated from 
Duke Law School in 1989 and is a 
trial attoincv ,11 the US 
Departiiuni ol Uimilc, L'lvil 
Rights DiviMun, Lniplnvment 


responsible lor enforcing the Civil 
Rights Act, which prohibits 
employment discrimination on the 
basis of race, gender, national 
origin and religion, and the 
Americans with Disabilities Act, 
which prohibits employment 
discrimination against disabled 
individuals David M. Brensilber 
and Bonnie M. Gittleman '87 
honeymooned in New Zealand and 
Australia, where he tried bungy 
jumping. He is a third-year 
associate at the law firm of 
Gordon, Hurwitz, et al. in New 
York City. Jaime D. Ezratty 
opened his own office for the 
general practice of law in Garden 
City, NY. Lawrence G. Freedman 
and Deborah Postelnek became 
engaged while vacationing in Israel 
last August and were married in 
May. They live m Manhattan 
where he was ordained a rabbi 
from Hebrew Union College and 
she is an assistant district attorney 
in Brooklyn, NY. Janice Hunter 
was selected for membership in 
the Woolsack Honor Society at 
The Dickinson School of Law, the 
oldest independent law school in 
the country. This organization was 
founded in 1920 and recognizes 
seniors in the top 15% of their 
class for academic excellence. 
Jonathan D. Ketness announced 
the publication of his first book 
with four Harvard Business School 

s. Stuck m the Seventies: 
113 Things from the 1970's that 
Screwed Up the Twentysomething 
Generation. It is a humorous 
retrospective on the decade that 
explores seventies culture and 
attempts to explain how John 
Travolta, pop rocks and "The 
Brady Bunch" have permanently 
scarred a generation. Dawn 
Weisenberg LaFontaine and her 
husband, Chris, are building their 
first home in Ashland, MA. She 
expects to attain the chartered 
financial analysts designation. 
Michelle Butensky Scheinthal and 
Stephen M. Scheinthal '87 moved 
to Cherry Hill, NJ, where she is 
developing a teen leadership 
program for middle school 
students and he is a first-year 
psychiatry resident at the 
University of Medicine and 
Dentistry of New Jersey School of 
Osteopathic Medicine. 


Christopher Becke, Class 
Correspondent, 2401 Arlington 
Boulevard, Apt. #77, 
Charlottesville, VA 22903 

Adam F. Steinlauf, M.D. is 

completing his residency in 
internal medicine at Columbia- 
Presbyterian Hospital in New York 
City. His wife, Renee Reich '88, 
was graduated from Columbia 
Dental School and is doing her 
residency in oral pathology. Elisa 
Brown Zuckerberg is a territory 
representative for Wyeth-Ayerst 
Laboratories and lives in Bayside, 
NY, with her husband, David, an 
emergency room physician. 


Susan Tevelow, Class 
Correspondent, 268 Grove Street, 
Apt. 5, Aubumdale, MA 02166 

Kathleen Caproni is a fourth-year 
Ph.D. candidate in counseling 
psychology at the State University 
of New York at Buffalo. She 
defended her dissertation last May 
and will complete her last year of 
clinical training in Kingston, NY. 
She also looks forward to settling 
in the Catskill/Hudson region 
with her two cats and significant 
other. Rachel Gubitz Feingold 
lives in Atlanta, GA, with her 
husband, David, who was 
graduated from medical school last 
May, and their new daughter, 
Gabriella. Pratyoush R. Onta is a 
graduate student in history at the 
University of Pennsylvania and 
returned home to Nepal for 
dissertation research on the 
country's social history of military 
labor markets since the 1 7th 
century. He plans to complete his 
Ph.D. by May, 1994. Eric A. 
Polinsky was graduated cum hiude 

62 Brandeis Review 


from the New England School of 
Law, joined the law firm Polinsky 
£< Santos as an associate and was 
sworn into the Connecticut bar. 
Michael Woznica has returned to 
Chicago, IL, after working in 
Topeka, KS, as a paralegal for a 
trial which lasted six months. 


Karen L. Gitten, Class 
Correspondent, 35 Crosby Road 
2nd Floor, Newton, MA 02167 

Amy B. Eisenberg completed her 
third year at Mount Sinai Medical 
School and says she is enjoying the 
study of medicine. Rakesh R. 
Rajani earned a master's degree at 
Harvard University and worked at 
a shelter/soup kitchen for the 
homeless before returning to his 
hometown of Mwanza, Tanzania. 
He is employed as managing 
administrator of a large secondary 
school and spends his evenings as 
a volunteer for street children, 
many of whom are orphans 
because their parents died of AIDS. 
Following two years as a 
legislative assistant for a New 
York Congressman, Alyssa I. 
Sanders is moving from 
Washington, DC, to Texas to 
pursue a Ph.D. m political science 
and feminist theory. From a 
January mini-reunion in Austin, 
she reports that Edward J. Messina 
is receiving a master's degree in 
environmental policy from the 
University of Vermont and plans 
to pursue a J.D. in September, and 
Scott Burton is a financial advisor 
for Club Med in Hong Kong. Also 
present were Evan H. Schwartz 
and Sander S. Florman. 

ludith Lihhaber, Class 
Correspondent, 76S North Shore 
Drive, Miami Beach, FL 33161 

Jennifer I. Blumenfeld was 

graduated from Hahnemann 
University with a master's degree 
in physical therapy She will t.ikc 
the New York st.ite Kurds in 
preparation fni wnik in .i Now 
YorkCr,! ' . -; ,' llillarvE. 
Kcsslei iidvatthe 

Colun:, i.nahsmm 

the IjII < .iriil s. (,ei\\in a reporter 
for the Qunuv, MA, l\itnot 
Ledger, regularly covers the 
Scituate area and was a guest 
lecturer m Professor Stephen 
Whitfield's joumalism class at 
Brandeis Jeffrey A. Greenbaum is 
in his second year at Columbia 
Law School. Chandra L. 
Pieragostini appeared in A Shciyno 
Maidel at the New Repertory 
Theatre in Newton, MA. Neil 
Spindel lives in Sheepshead Bay, 
Brooklyn, where he is a senior 
software engineer for Bankers 
Trust. He is completing a master's 
degree and thesis in computer 
science at Brooklyn College. 


Followiii;,!,,, 1-; iM,i,luctlOnol 
ShakL^i , :: ./.'About 

Nolhr Muli.irl I \ll(isso(B.A. 
'74, M I \ , :■,. ,1.' :;ls '871 
returned to the Spmguld stage as 
guest director of Frank Loesser's 
musical fable Guys and Dulls, a 
production featuring actors from 
Brandeis's Master of Fine Arts 
Professional Training Program. 
The award-winning director has 
worked extensively in the Boston 
area for more than 15 years. His 
recent directing credits include 
Merimi.h !;.;>. ii..;'. I liL.itre, The 
Hoil,: ' ^icr Stage 

ManiLir: .; ,11 'Au \\>.KcMer 
Forum, which the Buston Herald 
named one of the vear's Ten Best 
of 1990 and will be remounted in 
New York. Patricia H. Collins, 
Ph.D. (B.A. '69, Ph.D., sociology, 
'84), an associate professor of Afro- 
American studies at the University 
of Cincinnati, won three awards 
for her book Black Feminist 
Thought: Knowledge, 

Consciousness and the Politics of 
Empowerment. These included: 
the C. Wright Mills Award of the 
Society for the Study of Social 
Problems, the Letitia Brown 
Award granted by the Association 
of Black Women Historians and 
the Distinguished Publication 
Award from the Association for 
Women in Psychology, Lynn 
Davidman (Ph.D., sociology, '861, 
assistant professor of sociology at 
the University of Pittsburgh, won 
the National Jewish Book Award 
for the best book about 
contemporary fewish life. The 
hook. Tradition m a Rootless 
World: Women Turn To Orthodox 
Judaism, was based on her 
doctoral dissertation. Diane 
Disney (Ph.D., Heller School, '89), 
director of the Research Center in 
Business and Economics at the 
University of Rhode Island, was 
quoted in an article about the 
economic state of Rhode Island in 
the Providence Journal Bulletin. 
William Dowie (M.A., English, '69) 
is professor of English at 
Southeastern Louisiana University 
and has published his book 
entitled Peter Malthiessen. Karen 
Wolk Feinstein |Ph,D., Heller 
School, '83) was chosen president 
of the recently established Jewish 
Healthcare Foundation, formerly 
called the Montefiore Foundation, 
which aids western Pennsylvania 
health and education projects. She 
formerly served as senior vice 
president for resource management 
at the United Way of Allegheny 
County and continues as a 

Unu, M.ili lerrv" 

Hokensi-id,!' I' ,i iki School, 

'69|, a professui .n ili. M.iiulil 

School of AppJRd S,it i,il S, UIKCV 

(MSASS) at Cast Wlsuiii Klscivc 
University and prcsideiu ul the 
North American Region of the 
International Association of 
Schools of Social Work, was 
named Ohio Social Worker of the 
Year by the Ohio chapter of the 
National Association of Social 
Workers. Recognized for his 
outstanding service in 
international social work, he is 
directing a three-year affiliation 
between MSASS and Eotvos 
Lorand University in Budapest, 
Hungary. He also was a Fulbright 
research scholar at the Institute of 
Applied Social Research, Oslo, 
Norwav, a visiting scholar at the 
National Institute of Social Work 
in London and senior Fulbri.i^ht 

ideling program development 

activity between Israel and 
Holland. He is director of the 
Hubert H. Humphrey Institute for 
Social Ecology at Ben-Gurion 
University of the Negev, an 
institution responsible for social 
policy research and activities 
addressing social issues of 
intemational, national and 
regional concerns to Israel, Clinton 
M. Jeanil'hP, sociok.o, ssl has 
pubhslKd his hook, ik /,;;/■/ (,'k' 
Eiu.nrnnn I . ,/s III,' \,'.u, h In, 
/l/rR.iiiAk',jii(ics, which uniques 
traditional social and historical 
analysis of African history in favor 
of a more .Mrocentric approach. He 

[istadl |M.A, 

in the Januarv edition ol /,■u■/^/l 
Journal. Jeffrey R. Lurie (I'll II , 
Heller School, '87) married 
producer Christina Weiss in 
Switzerland and honeymooned in 
the Seychelles and on safari in 
Botswana. Elena Macias (Ph.D., 
Heller School, '861 was named 
executive assistant to the 
president of California State 
University, Long Beach, after 
serving as associate vice president 
for student services. Her duties 

community advisory committee, 
legislative relations, work with the 
President's Commissions on 
Multicultural Education and the 
Status of Women and the creation 
of a campus self-study of progress 
in multicultural diversity. Janet K. 
Mancini-Billson (M A '75, Ph D , 
sociology, '76) is director of the 
professional development program 
at the ^menLln';.Ml..]o..„ ,1 
Associuioii M I 1 m 

Patricia H. Colhn 

63 Summer 1992 


'76), professor of gov( 
Lehigh University, 15 
The Sixties Expencn, 
Lessons about Mode 
potential college texi 
the histories of maii] 
of the 1960s with an 

of that decade's influence upon 
today's world. William A. Novak 

(M.A., HonT-tein Prosram, '731 the 
Jacob MailcvntKhost writers, has 
just sigiiLiI nil t(i pell Ma,i;ic 
Johnson's aiimliiuuiaphv He has 
previniislv uiiiicn hnnks h.i other 
l,ii,i,H,s„,iiiKs iiidudiimLec 
LKoiiiaiiJohvci Ni.nh Stephen 

(M.A. '86, Ph.D., sociology, '90), 
assistant professor of sociology at 
Bowdoin College, won a 
RocUefeller Foundation grant and 
will write a book about eating 
disorders and healing processes 
among African-American, Latina 
and lesbian women of various ages. 
Hei fellowship is housed at the 
Center for African and Afro- 
Am*. Mean Studies at Princeton 
UiiivcisitN Donna Yee (Ph.D., 
IIJJLi Sehdiil 90), senior research 
associate at the Heller School's 
Institute tor Health Policy, is 
woiking in conjunction with the 
National Association of State 
Units on A.;ini; to develop the 



111^ I ( Mil t iR The project, 
iiulnl In luo niultivear grants 
. ini tliL U S Department of 
k iltli and Human Services' 

dnimistration on Aging, will help 
iipkment effective and efficient 
ing term eldercare systems at 
leal and state levels. 


Correction: Inadvertently, the 
class years of several alumni 
obituaries were either omitted or 
mistakenly printed in the Winter 
'92 Review. The correct class years 
for these individuals are: Burton '52 and Robert M. Weiss 

Phyllis Hirsth Boyson '54, founder 

anddiu', I \ ilh 1 InMien's 

Centei .-■!•.. .1 

Noveiiil- ' ' I 1 i.inbury 111' 1 ,1 Inn;/ l-iulewith 
leukemia. She was a teacher and 
children's literature consultant, an 
adjunct professor at several New 
Jersey colleges and coeditor of a 
special issue of New Era devoted 
to children's literature. She also 
belonged to the national guiding 
committee on multicultural 
education for the World Education 
Fellowship. In Danbury, she 
opened the Children's Center in 
1983, exposing children to 
literature, drama, dance and 
theater, and she organized an 
annual Black History Month 
Festival. She is survived by her 
husband, Bert Boyson, a daughter, 
Heidi, a son. Brad, a sister, Lee 
Schloss and four nephews. Marilyn 
Popkin Goldberg '52 passed away 
in January, 1992 at the Baystate 
Medical Center in Springfield, MA. 
She was the owner of Marilyn 

Goldberg Antiques for 20 years and 
was a registered medical 
technologist who was previously 
employed at the New England 
Medical Center. She was also 
involved in many organizations 
including Hadassah and the 
National Council of Jewish 
Women. She is survived by her 
husband. Dr. Sheldon Goldberg, 
three children, Michael, Alisa and 
Marcy, her father, Julius Popkin, 
her sister, Davida Hochberg, and 
four grandchildren. Melvin L. 
Sokolow '55, a literary agent, 
television producer and athlete, 
passed away in February of cancer. 
He was copublisher of Wamer 
Books from 1971 to 1973. He and 
his wife then formed Sokolow 
Productions, a company which, in 
recent years, has moved into film 
and television movie production. 
He and his partner, Edward 
Simmons, were national squash 
doubles champions in the veterans 
age category and subsequently in 
the seniors category in 1989 and 
1990. Surviving are his wife, 
Diane, a daughter, Betsy, two sons, 
Alec and Samuel, and his mother, 
Sally Hecker. 

lJii.ii III t if.c \\dn,i:.:cinciil and 
Social Work Practice He has had 
four articles published, including 
"Acknowledging Abuse 
Backgrounds of Intensive Case 
Manageiiunt t lieiiis' in the 
Comimii/i/i \ llcahb 
lomnal. Ik spoke at the 

Case Management Conference in 
Seattle, the armual meeting of the 

Council nil Social Work Education 

wolldpiellllele In the Los Angeles 
Philharmonie leeeived piaise tioni 
thei,os.4,r.;e/e. Iliac-. She is ,ilso 

SUNY, Stony Brook. Christina 
Hoff Sommers (Ph.D., philosophy, 
'79), a professor of philosophy at 
Claik University m Worcester, 

MA, Ke...N>.l :,'i.i:h, ho,,, several 

Answers to 1492 Quiz 

I d; 2 d Torquemada had an 
infamous reputation for cruelty 
which derives from the harsh 
procedures that he devised for 
the Inquisition. He played an 
integral role in the expulsion 
of the Jews from Spain in 
1492: 3 b; 4 a The 
Albigenses were a religious 
sect in southern France who 
believed in the coexistence of 
good and evil. They held that 
matter was evil and that Jesus 
only seemed to have a body: 

II a; 12a: 13b; I4a: I5b; 
16 b; 17 b The edict to 

enforce the conversion of the 
Moorish population of 
southern Spain did not occur 
until 1502; 13 c; 19 c Also 
known as measles and 
smallpox, they made their first 
epidemic appearance 
throughout the 1520s. a 
decade or so before Pizarro 
and Almagros conquest of the 
Incas; 20 a; 21 d; 22 d; 23 a; 
24 c; 25 c: 26 a: 27 b; 28 c: 
29 d: 30 c He painted the 
papal apartments for Pope 
Alexander VI between 1492 
and 1494 and these frescoes 
are still visible today. The 
rooms now house the Vatican 
Collection of IVIodern 
Religious Art: 31 c The style 
of painting favored by Queen 

Isabella is called Hispano- 
Flemish. As early as 1428- 
1429, the renowned Flemish 
painter Jan van Eyck visited 
the Iberian peninsula and 
since that time Flanders has 
served as a major source of 
artistic influence: 32 b 
Chinese art is generally 
categorized according to 
imperial dynasties. Ming 
emperors ruled China from 
1 368 to 1 644; 33 d Lorenzo 
de' Medici was also known as 
Lorenzo the Magnificent and 
was head of the great Medici 
banking family of Florence: 
34 b: 35 b; 36 d 

64 Brandeis Review 

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Poetry by 

Timothy Steele, Ph.D. 77 


The basketball you walk around the court 

Produces a hard, stinging, clean report. 

You pause and crouch and, after feinting, swoop 

Around a ghost defender to the hoop 

And rise and lay the ball in off the hoard. 

Solitude, plainly, is its own reward. 

The game that you've conceived engrosses you. 
The ball rolls off; you chase it down, renew 
The dribble to the level of your waist. 
Insuring that a sneaker's tightly laced. 
You kneel — then, up again, weave easily 
Through obstacles that you alone can see. 

And so I drop the hands I'd just now cupped 
To call you home. Why should I interrupt! 
Can I be sure that dinner's ready yetf 
A jumpshot settles, snapping, through the net; 
The backboard's stanchion keeps the ball in play. 
Returning it to you on the ricochet. 

A Shore 

It's pastoral enough — the flat, slick sand; 
The towel draped round the neck, as if a yoke; 
The toppling waves; the sunset, as it smoulders 
And drains horizonwards, fiery, baroque: 
The young girl sitting on her father's shoulders. 
Directing his attention here and there, 
Her ankles held and her unpointing hand 
Contriving a loose pommel of his hair. 

Here strollers pass, pant legs rolled up like sleeves, 
Shoes hanging over shoulders, laces tied. 
While godwits — rapier bills upcurved — peruse 
Bubbles beneath which burrowed sand crabs hide. 
Though hardly anyone these days conceives 
That this is where the known meets the unknown. 
The ocean still transmits its cryptic news 
By means of a conch's ancient cordless phone. 

And night will put an end to pastorals. 

A crescent moon will cup its darker sphere. 

The waves will crash in foam and flood up through 

The forest of the piles below the pier. 

Alone, archaically, the sea will brew 

Its sundry violence beyond the shore. 

Beyond the sweeping beam, where heaving swells 

Of kelp-beds wage titanic tugs-of-war. 


A dead oak's branches hold a nest 
(Abandoned now) that ospreys built. 
He wades the river; slow clouds spread 
At each step from the bottom's silt. 
Or, his shirt bunched beneath his head. 
He drowses as the breeze falls slack. 
And feels the grass he lies on pressed 
In complex patterns on his back. 

Though summer seems to pause with its 
Hypnotic sluggishness and drouth. 
Downstream a railway bridge extends 
Across the estuary's mouth; 
And, while the sliding water blends 
Mercurial, flashing, glob-like fires. 
Above the bridge a lineman sits 
High in his seat-sling, working wires. 

Dependent Nature 

The worker hovers where the jade plant blooms. 
Then settles on a blossom to her taste; 
Her furred and black-and-yellow form assumes 
A clinging curve by bending from the waist. 

So, too, the sweetpeas, climbing on their net. 
Cast virile-wrapping tendrils as they flower. 
Not need they shield themselves from a regret 
Of the dependent nature of their power. 

They're spared the shrewd self-mockery of the sage 

Attuned to limits and disparity. 

They're spared the sad mirth serving those who gauge 

The gap between the longed-for and the real. 
Who grasp provisional joy, who must not be 
Desolate, however desolate they feel. 

For article on poetry by 
Timothy Steele, see page 28. 







t^*^ -' 







[^ N0Vt5f9«J 

Lisa Gets a 
out of Brandeis ' 

Studying, writing an honors thesis, 
working 1") hours a week al a 
campus job and calling alumni lor 
the student phonathon keeps 
Lisa DeCourcey '93 prett)' busy! 
As president of tlie Kokondo clul) 
and a brown belt, she finds time 
to lead self-defense workshops 
on campus. 

lou make i^iaa a i.i 
experience possible. 

Scholai'ships and financial aid an 
fimdamental to the strength and 
quality of die student body; 
45 percent of Brandeis students 
receive need-based financial 
assistance uitli an average total 
award of $16,470. Your gift 
to die Brandeis Aimual Fmid 
can help complete the financial 
aid package for gifted 
students Uke Lisa, as well 
as suppoit faculty salaries and 
special programs. 

For further uifomiation or 
to make a gift, please contact 
the Annual P luid Office at 

Enrich the Experience: 
Support the 
Brandeis Annual Fund 

Enrich the Experience: 

Please consider 

a gift to the 

Brandeis Annual Fimd 

ideis Review 

Number 2 

■nior vice 

the future at a 

andeis's history 

Brenda Marder 



measures the 
in society 

Phihppa Strum '59 


r expulsion 
west and to the 

Benjamin Ravid '57 


loved one 
1 An innovative 
or direct 
1 vastly improve 
lals care for 

Patricia Gordon Lamanna '70 



r: the many faces 


Benigno Sanchez-Eppler 




■ •' jT^ 

- T-fsf^ 

Around the University 

41 Class Notes 

Faculty Notes 

Lisa Gets a 
out of Brandeis 

Studying, wiiting an honors thesis, 
working 15 hours a week at a 
cainpns job and calling alumni for 
the student phonathon keeps 
I jsa De('oiirce\ '*^3 |)roll\ l)ii^\ ' 

\^pi.-H(lrnlnl ihi kokoihloJlll. 

and a l.iown ix li die IiikI- Iiiik 

to lead ■.(•ll-«lclcM--c wotk-hop 
on canipii^ 

You make Lisa's Brandeis 
experience possible. 

Scholarsliips and financial aid ,iii 
fimdamental to die strength .md 
quality of the student body; 
45 percent of Brandeis students 
receive need-based financial 
assistance wth an average total 
award of $16,470. Your^gil't 
to the Brandeis Aiuiual Fund 
can help complete the financial 
aid package for gifted 
students like Lisa, as well 
as support facidt)- salaiies and 
special progi-ams. 

For further infonnation or 
to make a gift, please contact 
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Brandeis Review 

The Brandeis Review 


Jehuda Reinharz, Ph.D. 

and Dan Mansoor 


Two University senior vice 
presidents discuss the future at a 
critical point in Brandeis's history 

Brenda Marder 


The Women Are Marching 

Did the intifada really 
make a change in Palestinian 
women's role in society? 
A Brandeis alum measures the 
mores of Palestinian society 

Phihppa Stnmi '59 


The Sephardim: 
Odyssey of a People 

Spanish Jews: their expulsion 
and journeys east, west and to the 
New World 

Benjamin Ravid '57 


A New Program 

for Direct Care Practice 

Have you placed a loved one 

in residential care? An innovative 

training program for direct 

care workers could vastly improve 

the way professionals care for 

their clients 

Patricia Gordon Lamanna '70 

Christopher Columbus in 
History and the Novel 

Sailor, navigator, missionary, 
explorer and slayer: the many faces 
of this historic figure 

Benigno Sanchez-Eppler 

Around the University 

41 Class Notes 

Faculty Notes 

Brandeis Review 


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lirenda Mardcr 

Charles Dunham 

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ror Public Affairs 

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David Rosen 


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Elizabctli McCarthy 

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Student Assistant 

lulian Brown 

Stacy Lcfkowitz '93 

Staff Photographer 

Heather Pillar 

Brandeis Review 


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Teresa Amabile 

Brcnda Marder 

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Brandeis Review 

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David Rosen 

lanct Z- Gicle 

Vice President for 


Public Affairs 

Lisa Berman Hills '82 

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Ph.D. '72 

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©1992 Brandeis Umversity 

Hwnclei^ Review. 

Office of Publications 

Volume 1 2 


Numbcr2, Fall 1992 

of Public Affairs 

Brandeis Review 

(ISSN 0273-7175] 

Universitv Magazine 

is published by 


Brandeis University 

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P.O. Box 9110 


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FAX 212-779-1928 

As we draft this column, we are 
watching the cars steaming onto 
campus, some of them almost 
dragging bottom, laden with 
returning students and their 
companions — stalwart parents, 
sulky, younger siblings or hilarious 
classmates. Next to the Brandeis 
Review office stand Ziv dormitories. 
Staggering to the doors of Ziv, 
people unload trunks, sacks, tennis 
rackets, skis, jumbled electrical 
paraphemaHa and objects that defy 
identification. From below, carried 
through our windows on the fresh 
September breeze, come shrieks of 
greetings from classmates who 
haven't seen each other for months. 
From the same window, we can 
enjoy the grassy, flower-strewn hills 
stretching up campus and watch the 
huge maples and oaks sway, still 
thickly covered in summer leaf. 

These are lucky ones. This is a safe 
place for them to study and 
mature... a haven far from the 
ominous events of the past summer 
that have tom civilization to shreds 
in what was a short while ago 
Yugoslavia; remote from the terror 
perpetrated by neo-Nazis in 
Germany; light years away from the 
starvation that stalks Somalia; 
distant even from the tragedies of 
inner cities and other parts of our 
own country. 

More than a few Brandeis students 
have grown up in the turmoil of the 
inner cities and other depressed 
areas in the United States; others 
have suffered in their native 
countries and have left behind 
family members who live perilous 
lives. You can distinguish members 
of this latter group: they arrive 
carrying less and usually alone. 

These citizens from different realms 
would, in an ideal world, listen 
carefully to one another, share their 
thoughts and their experiences. 
What a rich world of humanity this 
peaceful campus encloses! What an 
extraordinary education one can 
gain from just reaching out! 

In this issue, which touches quite a 
bit on diversity. Provost Jehuda 
Reinharz leads off in an interview 
with the Brandeis Review, stressing 
the globalization of the campus and 
discussing Brandeis's history, its 
present and future. In a companion 
piece. Senior Vice President for 
Development and Alumni Relations 
Dan Mansoor tells how the 
operation he heads will work to 
attract donors to the fine work 
accomplished here. 

Alumna Philippa Strum has a 
profound interest in cultural issues. 
She presents her research on the 
Palestinian women of the intifada, 
their gains and losses, as they 
struggle for rights and recognition in 
their own repressive society. 
Professor Benjamin Ravid, a scholar 
on Jewry in early modem times, 
traces the Sephardic Jews from 1492 
as they wandered from Spain across 
Europe and North Africa and finally 
to the New World; the welter of 
cultures that surfaces in this story is 
staggeringly diverse. Assistant 
Professor Benigno Sanchez-Eppler 
looks at this same era to expose the 
many faces of Columbus: culture or 
history, he concludes, is in the eyes 
of the beholder. Closer to home, in 
New York state, alum Patricia 
Lamanna describes an irmovative 
program in direct care that could 
vastly improve the plight of 
residential patients. 

We hope the Brandeis Review 
serves to illuminate the spirit of the 

Brenda Marder 
The Editor 

Around the University 

William Jencks 
Elected Member of 
The Royal Society 

Brandcis University 
biochemist William P. Jencks, 
Gyula and Katica Tauber 
Professor of Biochemistry 
and Molecular 
Pharmacodynamics, was 
elected a fellow of The Royal 
Society, based in London, and 
was chosen for the 1993 
ASBC-Merck Award from the 
Merck Sharp and Dohme 
Research Laboratories 
division of Merck & 
Company, Inc. Jencks has 
been a member of the 
biochemistry department at 
Brandeis for the past 35 years. 

Founded in 1660 for the 
preservation of the natural 
sciences. The Royal Society is 
the oldest organization of its 
kind in Great Britain and one 
of the oldest in Europe. The 
purpose of the ASBC-Merck 

Award in Biochemistry is to 
recognize and stimulate 
outstanding research in 
biochemistry and to identify 
significant contributions to 
the advancement of 
biomedical research. 

Jencks received his M.D. 
from Harvard Medical School 
m 1951. Before coming to 
Brandeis he was a research 
fellow at Massachusetts 
General Hospital and in 
Harvard University's 
chemistry department. He 
also served as chief of the 
Department of 
Pharmacology, Army 

Medical Service Graduate 
School, at Walter Reed Army 
Medical Center in 
Washington, DC. He was a 
Guggenheim Memorial 
Foundation Fellow and is a 
member of the National 
Academy of Sciences, a 
fellow of the American 
Association for the 
Advancement of Science, and 
a councilor of the American 
Chemical Society. He wrote 
with two of his colleagues 
the 1992 book. Biochemistry. 

Wilham P. jLiick,. CyuL: uiiJ 
Katicd Taubei Professor of 
Biochemistry and Molecular 

Stuart Altman 
Stepping down as 
Dean of 
The Heller School 

Abba Eban on 

As part of Founders' Day 
1992, Abba Eban, former 
Israeli ambassador to the 
United Nations and the 
United States, gave the 
keynote address at the 
dedication of the Jacob and 
Libby Goodman Institute for 
the Study of Zionism. The 
institute is the first of its 
kind in North America and 
is organized under the 
auspices of the Tauber 

Institute for the Study of 
European Jewry, a center for 
advanced Judaic studies with 
special interests in the study 
of the Holocaust, the history 
of Zionism and the State of 
Israel. Other campus 

celebrations included a 
ground breaking ceremony 
for the Benjamin and Mae 
Volcn National Center for 
Complex Systems and a 
Founders' Day reception and 
dinner dance. Full coverage 
of the events will appear in 
the next issue of the 
Brandeis Review. 

Stuart H. Altman, dean of 
The Florence Heller 
Graduate School for 
Advanced Studies in Social 
Welfare at Brandcis 
University since 1977, has 
announced he will step down 
as dean after the fall 
semester to devote his full 
energies to teaching and 
promoting national health 
care reform. He will remain 
on The Heller School faculty 
as the Sol C. Chaikin 
Professor of National Health 

Under Airman's deanship, 
The Heller School created 
the Brandeis Institute for 
Health Policy, launched a 
master's program in human 
services management, 
increased its research 10-fold 
and expanded its Ph.D. 
program. President Samuel 
O. Thier said a nationwide 

New Faculty 

search will be conducted for 
a new dean, but that it will 
be hard to find a replacement 
of Altman's caliber. The 
search is being coordinated 
by a 10-member committee 
chaired by Professor Saul 
Touster, who holds 
appointments at The Heller 
School and in the School of 
Arts and Sciences and heads 
the Legal Studies Program. 

As one of the country's 
leading health care 
economists, Altman has held 
senior policy positions in 
three presidential 
administrations and is 
serving his third term as 
chair of the federal 
Prospective Payment 
Assessment Commission, 
which advises Congress on 
the operation of the Medicare 
hospital payment system. As 
a result of testifying 
frequently before 
congressional committees 
and speaking out through the 
media and other public 
forums, several private 
foundations have asked him 
to head up national reform 
efforts. Altman plans to work 
with the Robert Wood 
Johnson Foundation to 
address some of the problems 
associated with health care 
cost containment. 

■ i? 11 fUII.1 

Stuart Altman, 

Sol C. Chaikin Professor of 

National Health Policy 

Among the new faculty 
appointed this fall are an 
artist, a well-known literary 
critic, a photojoumalist and 
writer, a former ambassador 
to the United States and an 
award-winning poet. Thomas 
Vu Daniel was bom in 
Saigon and comes to 
Brandeis as the Saltzman 
Visiting Artist in Fine Arts. 
In recent years, Daniel, a 
painter and printmaker, has 
exhibited his work in 
galleries and museums in 
New York, Texas, California 
and Mexico, and has taught 
at Cornell University, 
Bennington College, Vassar 
College and Yale University 
School of Art. He received 
the Rudy Montoya 
Scholarship, the Young 
Emerging Artist Award, the 
Judges Award from the 
University of Texas at El 
Paso and the El Paso 
Museum of Fine Arts' Best of 
Show Award. He received his 

Grant Awarded to 
Science Education 

M.F.A. in painting/ 
printmaking from Yale and 
his B.F.A. in painting/ 
printmaking from the 
University of Texas at El 

Wai Chee Dimock has 
earned a reputation for 
interpreting literary texts in 
the context of their historical 
period and intellectual 
climate. Her book. Empire 
for Liberty: Melville and the 
Poetics of Individualism. 
won acclaim for shedding 
new light on Melville's 
novels by viewing them as 
being interconnected and as 
products of the culture from 
which they came. Dimock, 
associate professor of English 
and American literature, 
received her bachelor's 
degree from Harvard 
University and her Ph.D. 
from Yale University and has 
served on the faculties of 
Yale University, Rutgers 
University and the 
University of California, San 
Diego. She was the Prize 
Teaching Fellow at Yale, an 
American Council of 
Learned Societies Fellow and 
a New Jersey Governor's 
Fellow in Humanities. She is 

Funded by a $1.4 million, 
five-year grant from the 
Howard Hughes Medical 
Institute, minority students 
from Howard University and 
the University of Puerto Rico 
will be coming to Brandeis to 
work in research laboratories 
as part of an expansive new 
program to bolster 
undergraduate science and 
mathematics education. The 
grant is composed of three 
interconnected initiatives to: 
encourage integrated 
teaching of calculus, physics, 
chemistry and quantitative 
methods; enhance biology 

courses and bolster the 
teaching of statistics; and add 
a teacher-researcher in 
biostatistics and human/ 
mammalian genetics. 

To increase participation of 
undergraduates in research, 
Brandeis will establish a 
Howard Hughes Fellowship 
program that will provide 
fmancial support to 20 

students annually who will 
conduct research projects 
with Brandeis faculty and 
participate in evening 
discussions with biology 
faculty to stress the 
nnportancc of mathematical 
and physical sciences to 
biology. The new faculty 
member will develop and 
teach courses in biostatistics 
and human genetics and will 
provide research 
opportunities for 
undergraduates interested in 
the growing field of human/ 
mammalian genetics. 

4 Brandeis Review 

Susan Moeller, assistant 
professor of American 
studies, left, and Dessima 
Williams, Ziskind Visiting 
Associate Professor in 
Sociology, right 

working on another book, 
Symbolic Equality: Political 
Theory. Law. and American 

Susan D. Moeller, assistant 
professor of American 
studies, is heading the 
University's new journalism 
program. Since 1990, she has 
worked as a writer, 
consultant, designer and 
photographer for The Atlanta 
Journal/Constitution-. Ms.-. 
Museum and Arts: the 
National Organization for 
Women; Seattle Times-, the 
Smithsonian Institution,- The 
Washington Post: 
Washingtonian; WGBH 
Public Television; World 
Monitor Magazmc: and the 
World Wildlife Fund. She has 
written three books; A Study 
Guide to American History, 
Shooting the War: 
Photography and the 
American Experience in 
Combat and But Can She 
Type? A History of Women 
Clerical Workers. Her 
academic experience 
includes positions as a 
visiting assistant professor in 
the history department at 
Pacific Lutheran University 
in Tacoma, Washington, and 
as Fulbright Professor in 
1990-91 at Ramkhamhaeng 
University, Bangkok, 
Thailand, and at Quaid-I- 

Azam University, Islamabad, 
Pakistan. Moeller received a 
bachelor's degree from Yale 
University, an M.A. degree in 
history from Harvard 
University and a Ph.D. from 
Harvard in the history of 
American civilization. She 
has received eight 
fellowships and awards. 

The writing of Thylias Moss, 
the English department's 
Fannie Hurst Poet-in- 
Residence, has been 
recognized in the past decade 
with 15 honors and awards, 
earning her distinction not 
only as a poet, but also as a 
fiction writer and playwright. 
Last year alone, she won the 
Whiting Writer's Award, 
Dewar's Profiles 
Performance Artists Award 
for Poetry and the Witter 
Bynner Prize of American 
Academy & Institutes of 
Arts and Letters to a 
distinguished younger poet. 
For the third consecutive 
time, she also won the Best 
American Poetry prize, for 
"Lunchcounter Freedom." 

Her work has eamed her 
giants from the National 
Endowment for the Arts, the 
Massachusetts Artists' 
Foundation and the Kenan 
Charitable Trust. Moss has 
been an instructor at the 
University of New 
Hampshire and Phillips 
Academy and was a visiting 
professor at the University of 
New Hampshire last year. 
She received her bachelor's 
degree from Oberlin College 
and her master's from the 
University of New 

Dessima M. Williams holds a 
three-year appointment as 
the Ziskind Visiting 
Associate Professor in 
Sociology. The Grenada-bom 
political scientist, who had 
been teaching at Williams 
College since 1988, has a 
varied background that has 
taken her from the classroom 
at a Grenadan convent for 
girls to the forefront of that 
country's international 
diplomacy. From 1979 to 
1983, Williams served as 
representative to the 
Organization of American 
States; ambassador/delegate 
to the United Nations; and 
alternate permanent 
representative to the Inter- 
American Commission lor 
Women. During that time 
she also was head of mission 
at Grenada Diplomatic 
Mission in Washington, DC, 
with responsibility for 
implementing Grenada's 
civil service and financial 
regulations. She was dean of 
Grenada's diplomatic corps 
from 1979 to 1983. 

Williams's many writings 
qualify her as an authority on 
the United States' invasion 
of Grenada and that island's 
revolution. For Grenada 
Foundation Inc. she prepared 
"Grenada Five Years Later: 
An Investigation of Post- 
Invasion Grenada" and she 
coauthored In Nobody's 
Backyard, a two-volume 
documentary of the Grenada 
Revolution. She has been a 
member of the U.S. 
Congressional Black Caucus 
Fellowship, is a member of 
Oxfam-America's board of 
advisors and is a board 
member of the People's 
Permanent Tribunal, a 
Rome-based international 
human rights organization. 
In 1988 she received the 
Omni Award to a 
Distinguished Black Woman 
from the International Black 
Women's Association. 
Williams received a 
bachelor's degree in 
international relations from 
the University of Minnesota 
and a master's degree m 
international development 
from The American 
University, where she is 
working on her Ph.D. 

Announced in the summer 
issue of the Brandeis Review 
was the appointment of 
Antony Polonsky as 
professor of modem East 
European Jewish history in 
the Department of Near 
Eastern and Judaic Studies. 

Women's Studies 
Program to Offer 
Graduate Degree 

Brandeis Welcomes 
Class of 1996 

Training Program 
under Way 

Brandeis's new two-year 
genetic counseling program 
began this fall. The program 
is the only one of its kind in 
New England and was 
established to meet a 
growing demand for 
counselors trained in medical 
genetics who can advise 
families that may be at risk 
for genetic disorders. 
Students will combine 
courses in biology, human 
genetics, counseling and law 
and social policy with 
fieldwork and clinical 
trammg in facilities serving 
children and young adults 
with developmental 
disabilities. The relatively 
new field of genetic 
counseling grew up to bridge 
a communications gap 
between doctors, geneticists 
and individuals and families 
seeking to make genetic 

This fall, Brandeis joined one 
of a handful of universities in 
offering a graduate program in 
the interdisciphnary field of 
women's studies. The 
program offers doctoral 
students a joint master's 
degree in women's studies 
and their selected field as 
they work toward their 
doctoral degree. Graduate 
students at The Heller School 
and in music, sociology, 
comparative history. Near 
Eastern and Judaic Studies, 
anthropology, psychology, 
English, American 
civilization and the Joint 
Program in Literary Studies 
are eligible. To help structure 
the program, women's studies 
director Shulamit Reinharz 

Assembly Centers 
on Poverty and 
Race in the United 

has established the National 
Board for Women's Studies, 
comprised of 25 women and 
men who are committed to 
Brandeis and to women's 
studies scholarship and 
activities. Reinharz expects 
the graduate program will 
soon offer master's degrees to 
students not enrolled in 
Ph.D. programs and believes 
the interdisciplinary 
degree will enhance learning 
while making students 
more marketable when 
seeking jobs. 

The Class of 1996 arrived on 
campus this fall from almost 
every state in the nation and 
34 foreign countries. The 775 
men and women were 
chosen from an applicant 
pool that was two percent 
larger and has 15 more 
members than last year's 
freshman class. Included in 
the new class are 58 foreign 
students, some from 
countries such as Croatia, 
Estonia and Russia, and 
triplets from Austria join 
their sister, a senior, as 
Brandeis students. Half of the 
12 Wien Scholarship 
students are from former Iron 
Curtain countries and 42 
Soviet emigrants have 
entered Brandeis this fall. 
Women slightly outnumber 
men in this class and 
minority students make up 
13.5 percent. 

This past June, Provost 
Jehuda Reinharz, Ph.D. '72 
mailed all incoming 
freshmen letters asking them 
to read two books. There Are 
No Children Here, by Alex 
Kotlowitz of the Wall Street 
lournal, and The 
Dispossessed: A History of 
America's Underclasses 
from the Civil War to the 
Present, by Jacqueline Jones, 
Truman Professor of 
American Civilization at 
Brandeis. In a break from 
traditional orientation 
routine, members of the 
Class of 1996 assembled in 
September with some of the 
University's most 
distinguished faculty 
members to debate and 
discuss poverty and race in 

the United States. In his 
letter, Reinharz expressed 
the hope that reading these 
two books will stimulate 
students to search for justice. 
The discussion of the issues 
will continue into the fall as 
approximately 30 faculty 
members will meet with 
students in residence halls. 

Innio Thomas '96 makes a 
inni]t at the freshman 

Brandeis Review 

President Thier 
Rally on Behalf off 
Shen Tong '91 

op mjim 

Shen Tong 

In response to concern about 
Shen Tong '91, a prominent 
student dissident who fled 
China after the democracy 
movement was suppressed in 
1989, President Samuel O. 
Thier wrote letters to 
Senator John Kerry, Senator 
Edward Kennedy and 
Representative Edward 
Markey. In these letters he 
urged them to inquire 
through the state department 
about Shen's status and take 
whatever other steps were 
necessary to assure his safety 
and fair treatment. Shortly 
thereafter some 200 students 
staged a rally at Usdan 
Student Center to support 
Shen and demand his release. 

Shen had returned to China 
in early August at the 
specific invitation of Chmcsc 
leaders and spent the first 
three weeks in the south and 
central provinces, contacting 
dissidents and advocates of 
pluralism within the ruling 
elites. After that, he went to 
Beijing, where he was 
arrested at his mother's 
home. On the day of his 
arrest in September, he had 
scheduled a news conference 
announcing plans for a 
Democracy for China Fund 
office in Beijing. He was 
released on October 24 and 
returned to Boston. 

President Thier 
Honorary Degree 

President Samuel O. Thier 
has accepted an honorary 
doctorate from the Medical 
College of Pennsylvania. 
With a student body of 455 
students, the college is 
located in Philadelphia and 
operates a teaching hospital. 
Among the other honorary 
degree recipients is Louis 
Sullivan, secretary of the 
Department of Health and 
Human Services. 


Faculty members meeting for 
the first time this fall stood 
in a moment of silence in 
memory of the late Max 
Lemer, the noted writer who 
taught at Brandeis from 1 949 
to 197.^. Lemer was 89 when 
he died m New York on 
June 5. 

Lemer earned an 
undergraduate degree in 
literature from Yale and a 
Ph.D. from Brookings in 
1927. Then, he began an 
extraordinarily productive 
career as a journalist, scholar 
and teacher. 

"I have never known anyone 
who embodied the buoyancy 
and sense of hope embedded 
in American culture more 
than Max Lemer," said 
Lawrence H. Fuchs, Meyer 
and Walter Jaffe Professor in 
American Civilization and 
Politics, who read a tribute 
to Lemer. "He bounced into 
a classroom, laughing easily, 

eyes twinkling, and face 
crinkling, and students and 
colleagues could not help but 
feel more hopeful in Max's 
presence." He characterized 
Lemer as "probably the best 
known unabashedly liberal 
journalist of the 1940s and 
1950s, especially for his 
columns in The New York 
Post, where they appeared 
regularly for over three 
decades, beginning in 1949." 

When he was five years old, 
according to Fuchs, Lemer 
came to the United States 
from Minsk, in the former 
Soviet Union, with his 
parents, who settled for a 
time in Bayonne, New Jersey. 
The family later moved to 
New Haven, Connecticut, 
where Lcmer's father 
continued his work as an 
itinerant Hebrew teacher. 

Following faculty 
appointments at Sarah 
Lawrence and Williams, he 
came to Brandeis and became 
a major force in the emphasis 

given here to 
interdisciplinary studies. 
Brandeis had no departments 
at first, only schools. All 
sophomores were required to 
take Lerner's course, an 
mtroduction to American 
civilization. He also created 
and presided over a required 
course for seniors in which 
outstanding American 
intellectuals and literary and 
artistic figures were brought 
to campus to give talks on 
the critical professional 
decisions in their lives. 
When Lemer became the 
first head of graduate studies, 
he saw the necessity of 
establishing departments, 
but he never lost his fervor 
for interdisciplinary studies, 
and in 1970, he helped to 
establish the American 
studies department. He 
received an honorary doctor 
of humane letters from the 
University at its 31st 
Commencement in May 

Lemer wrote more than a 
half dozen influential books, 
but it was his two-volume 
America as a Civilization 
that Fuchs credited as being 
Lerner's most important. In 
1981, according to Fuchs, 
Lemer was struck with 
lymphatic cancer, and a year 
later suffered a heart attack. 
But he survived those 
ordeals, and chronicled his 
stmggle to live in a book 
entitled Wrestling with the 

Sports Notes 

Baseball Team Qualifies 
for NCAA Division III 

After a four-year absence 
from NCAA post-season 
play, Brandeis University's 
baseball team earned a bid to 
the championship last spring. 
The Judges wrapped up the 
1992 season with a win over 
the number one seed in 
the toumament and finished 
with an overall record of 
28-10, the most wins 
since 1985. 

Coach Pete Vamey's team 
was led by consistent play on 
the mound and in the field. 
The pitchers combined for a 
3.43 ERA and defensively 
Brandeis tumed 35 double 
plays, 12 more than the 
opposition, and had a .964 
fielding percentage. The 
Judges also had superior 
speed on the base paths, 
stealing 94 bases. 

In the playoffs, Brandeis was 
matched up against the host 
team, the University of 
Southem Maine, in the first 
round. Southem Maine, the 
1991 NCAA champions, 
scored four runs in the 
seventh inning enroute to a 
6-2 win. Center fielder Floyd 
Graham '93, who set a 
school record with 28 stolen 
bases, and designated hitter 
Tom Holdgate '93 each had 
three hits. Andy Weinstein 
'92 hit a solo home run to 
the left to tie the game in the 
fourth inning. 

Brandeis came back the next 
day and knocked off the 
number one seed, 
Bridgewatcr State College, 
behind the complete game 
pitching of Steve Harrington 
'92. Brandeis scored three 
mns early and after 
Bridgewatcr tied it up, broke 
the game open with three 
mns in the bottom of the 
eighth inning for a 6-5 win. 
Second baseman Tom 
Hoffman '92, who was 
named to the all-toumament 
team, had three hits to pace 
the Judges' attack. That 
night, Brandeis needed a win 
against the University of 
Massachusetts-Dartmouth to 
advance to the title game. 
The Judges, paced by 
Weinstein's four hits, led 
5-3, but then surrendered five 
mns in the ninth inning and 
were eliminated, 8-5. 

A quick look at the season's 
statistics shows Brandeis's 
dominant year. As a team, 
the Judges rapped out 396 
hits and nearly doubled its 
competition with 219 RBI. 
Brandeis batted .316, stroked 
88 doubles and stole 94 
bases. Its team ERA was 
almost three mns less than 
its opposition and its starting 
pitchers accounted for 26 of 
the team's 28 wins, including 
a 4-1 record against Division 
I schools. 

Several players received post- 
season honors. Senior right 
fielder John Khantzian was 
named first team All New 
England and was also 
honored as a first team 
ECAC all-star. He tied for 
the team lead in hitting with 
a .359 average and clouted 
four home mns, had 1 5 
doubles and drove in a team- 
high 35 RBI. In the regular 

season, Brandeis won the 
Greater Boston League (GBL) 
title and Khantzian was 
named MVP. 

Third baseman Michael 
Connolly '93 was named 
second team All New 
England and was a GBL all- 
star. In his first year as a 
starter, Connolly hit .342, 
drove in 34 mns and had 
nine doubles. On the mound, 
Brian Corsetti '92 was a 
second team ECAC all-star 
and had a 7-1 record with a 
3.69 ERA. He allowed only 
10 walks in 61 innings. 
Harrington compiled a 6-4 
record with a 3.13 ERA. 

John Jeniski '94 was 6-1 
with a 2.53 ERA and was 
honored as a GBL all-star. As 
a designated hitter, he batted 
.324 with 15 RBI. Freshman 
left fielder Tim Graham was 
named Rookie of the Year in 
the GBL. He hit .273 with 10 
doubles and 15 RBI. 
Weinstein tied for the team 
lead in hitting with a .359 

Brandeis lost six seniors from 
this year's toumament team. 
The Judges must replace 
three starters in the field, but 
what is more important, 
must replace two pitchers 
who started a total of 18 
games. However, several 
underclassmen played key 
roles on this year's team, 
putting the team in a solid 
position to return to post- 
season play next season. 

8 Brandeis Review 


see page 57 


a message 


President Thier. 

and Social Welfare and 
director, Legal Studies 
Program, could witness for 
himself the intelligence, 
interest and keen insight his 
students bring to the 
discussion. It is not on 
campus, however, and these 
are not Brandeis students. 
They are members of a 
Brandeis University National 
Women's Committee Study 
Group, following Touster's 
syllabus, "Literature and the 
Law," and meeting in one of 
the members' living rooms. 

One member serves as 
discussion leader as they 
explore ideas about law and 
justice through works by 
Sophocles, Camus, Melville, 
Jane Austen, Joseph Conrad 
and others. Touster's 75-page 
syllabus includes detailed 
background and points of 
discussion of 1 1 literary 
selections that participants 
read as part of the course. 

These 18 "students" and 
thousands of other Women's 
Committee members meet 
in small groups in homes, 
clubhouses and community 
centers across the country 
once or twice a month to 
pursue a special form of 
higher education. They are 

lup — aged 35- 
)1 and college 
ployed and 
ionals and 
imong them — 
nge of 
i common 
vledge. The 
Group Program 
;es authored by 
ssors on 
ig from 


iglish Alan 
itionmg and 
i of Medical 
^uj.^ i^, ii^^cssor of 
Sociology Peter Conrad. 

The Women's Committee 
introduced Study Groups in 
the mid-fifties, a few years 
after it was founded to raise 
money for the Brandeis 
Libraries. The purpose of the 
program was to create a 
stronger link between the 
University and the Women's 
Committee. Pursuing its 
parallel missions of library 
support and education for its 
55,000 members, the 
Women's Committee has 
raised more than $45 million 
for the Libraries, while Study 
Groups have become the 
backbone of the organization. 
Open only to members. 
Study Groups are a major 
attraction for the educated 
and intellectually curious 
women drawn to the 
Women's Committee, 
offering a unique opportunity 
for members to stretch their 
minds with university-level 
course work. 

Often Study Groups go 
beyond the official syllabus 
to study related subjects. 
"The Novel Murder: The 
Life and Times of the 
Detective Story," which 
explores moral codes, 
societal issues and concepts 
of law and justice, has 
generated study of women 
detectives and ethnic 
detectives, for example. 
When the suburban Boston 
Metro West Chapter, which 
already offered 50 Study 
Group selections to its 
relatively young 
membership, brought in 
local rabbis to lead 
discussions of two Brandeis 
Brieflets on Jewish cultural 
issues, the response was so 
overwhelming that the 
chapter created a special 
lecture series that focused on 
Jewish faith and culture and 
how to bring it into the 

Some Study Groups take on 
a life of their own, becoming 
an important part of the lives 
of the core membership. The 
nearly 3,000 members of the 
Greater Boston Chapter have 
more than 30 Study Groups 
from which to choose, but 
some of the longest-running 
and most popular ones rarely 
have an opening. In Boston 
member Mary Feldman's 
very popular long-running 
current events group, 
members sometimes wait 
years to join so they can 
participate in writing and 
circulating major research 
papers as the group conducts 
thorough studies of such 
countries as China, Japan and 
the former Soviet Union. 

Study Groups can provide 
more than intellectual 
stimulation. A group in 
Oakland, California, built so 
much camaraderie and 
intimacy while completing 
the syllabus "Women Aging 
with Knowledge and Power" 

that they decided to stay 
together to do Associate 
Professor of Anthropology 
David Jacobson's syllabus 
"Stress, Support and 
Coping," group member 
Marilyn Teplow explains. 

Joyce Reider, president of the 
Women's Committee Florida 
Region, has been leading 
Study Groups for 30 years. 
At home with three small 
children in the fervent years 
of the early sixties, "I 
yearned," she says, "for a 
chance to speak in whole 
sentences with intelligent 
and thoughtful women. 
Finding the Bergen County 
Chapter's China Group 
changed my life." 

Reider has been a member 
and leader of Study Groups 
as well as national chair of 
this program through several 
careers. She became a 
lecturer in American studies 
for United Nations 
diplomats in New York and 
developed study and 
discussion programs for 
retired school teachers in 
Paramus, New Jersey. 
"Everything I've done in my 
life came from my Brandeis 
experience," she claims. 

For information on Brandeis 
University National 
Women's Committee 
membership and Study 
Groups, call 617-736-4160. 

given here to 
interdisciplinary studies. 
Brandeis had no departments 
at first, only schools. All 
sophomores were required to 
take Lemer's course, an 
introduction to American 
civilization. He also created 
and presided over a required 
course for seniors in which 
outstanding American 
intellectuals and literary and 
artistic figures were brought 
to campus to give talks on 
the critical professional 
decisions in their lives. 
When Lemer became the 
first head of graduate studies, 
he saw the necessity of 
establishing departments, 
but he never lost his fervor 
for interdisciplinary studies, 
and in 1970, he helped to 
establish the American 
studies department. He 
received an honorary doctor 
of humane letters from the 
University at its 31st 
Commencement in May 

Lemer wrote more than a 
half dozen influential books, 
but it was his two-volume 
America as a Civilization 
that Fuchs credited as being 
Lemer's most important. In 
1981, according to Fuchs, 
Lemer was stmck with 
lymphatic cancer, and a year 
later suffered a heart attack. 
But he survived those 
ordeals, and chronicled his 
stmggle to live in a book 
entitled Wrestling with the 

Sports Notes 

Baseball Team Qualifies 
for NCAA Division III 

After a four-year absence 
from NCAA post-season 
play, Brandeis University's 
baseball team earned a bid to 
the championship last spring. 
The Judges wrapped up the 
1992 season with a win over 
the number one seed in 
the tournament and finished 
with an overall record of 
28-10, the most wins 
since 1985. 

Coach Pete Vamey's team 
was led by consistent play on 
the mound and in the field. 
The pitchers combined for a 
3.43 ERA and defensively 
Brandeis turned 35 double 
plays, 12 more than the 
opposition, and had a .964 
fielding percentage. The 
Judges also had superior 
speed on the base paths, 
stealing 94 bases. 

In the playoffs, Brandeis was 
matched up against the host 
team, the University of 
Southem Maine, in the first 
round. Southem Maine, the 
1991 NCAA champions, 
scored four mns in the 
seventh inning enroute to a 
6-2 win. Center fielder Floyd 
Graham '93, who set a 
school record with 28 stolen 
bases, and designated hitter 
Tom Holdgate '93 each had 
three hits. Andy Weinstein 
'92 Jiit a solo home run to 
the left to tie the game in the 
fourth inning. 


day ai 





'92. B 

runs I 


the ga.ii.. Kjp^ii Yvmi 11111.1. 

runs in the bottom of the 

eighth inning for a 6-5 win. 

Second baseman Tom 

Hoffman '92, who was 

named to the all-toumament 

team, had three hits to pace 

the Judges' attack. That 

night, Brandeis needed a win 

against the University of 

Massachusetts-Dartmouth to 

advance to the title game. 

The Judges, paced by 

Weinstein's four hits, led 

5-3, but then surrendered five 

runs in the ninth inning and 

were eliminated, 8-5. 

A quick look at the season's 
statistics shows Brandeis's 
dominant year. As a team, 
the Judges rapped out 396 
hits and nearly doubled its 
competition with 219 RBI. 
Brandeis batted .316, stroked 
88 doubles and stole 94 
bases. Its team ERA was 
almost three mns less than 
its opposition and its starting 
pitchers accounted for 26 of 
the team's 28 wins, including 
a 4-1 record against Division 
I schools. 

Several players received post- 
season honors. Senior right 
fielder John Khantzian was 
named first team All New 
England and was also 
honored as a first team 
ECAC all-star. He tied for 
the team lead in hitting with 
a .359 average and clouted 
four home mns, had 15 
doubles and drove in a team- 
high 35 RBI. In the regular 

starter, Connolly hit .342, 
drove in 34 runs and had 
nine doubles. On the mound, 
Brian Corsetti '92 was a 
second team ECAC all-star 
and had a 7-1 record with a 
3.69 ERA. He allowed only 
10 walks in 61 innings. 
Harrington compiled a 6-4 
record with a 3.13 ERA. 

John Jeniski '94 was 6-1 
with a 2.53 ERA and was 
honored as a GBL all-star. As 
a designated hitter, he batted 
.324 with 15 RBI. Freshman 
left fielder Tim Graham was 
named Rookie of the Year in 
the GBL. He hit .273 with 10 
doubles and 15 RBI. 
Weinstein tied for the team 
lead in hitting with a .359 

Brandeis lost six seniors from 
this year's tournament team. 
The Judges must replace 
three starters in the field, but 
what is more important, 
must replace two pitchers 
who started a total of 18 
games. However, several 
underclassmen played key 
roles on this year's team, 
putting the team in a solid 
position to retum to post- 
season play next season. 

8 Brandeis Review 

study Groups Link 
Brandeis to 
National Women's 

Using Bertolt Brccht's 
comedy The Caucasian 
Chalk Circle as a point of 
reference, Saul Touster's 
students are comparing 
contemporary methods of 
resolving disputes in a court 
of law with solutions of more 
"primitive" societies. In the 
prologue of Brecht's story, a 
wise person offers a parable 
from which both the parties 
to the dispute and the 
spectators learn the "right" 

If this class were on campus. 
Professor Touster, Joseph M. 
Proskauer Professor in Law 
and Social Welfare and 
director. Legal Studies 
Program, could witness for 
himself the intelligence, 
interest and keen insight his 
students bring to the 
discussion. It is not on 
campus, however, and these 
are not Brandeis students. 
They are members of a 
Brandeis University National 
Women's Committee Study 
Group, following Touster's 
syllabus, "Literature and the 
Law," and meeting in one of 
the members' hving rooms. 

One member serves as 
discussion leader as they 
explore ideas about law and 
justice through works by 
Sophocles, Camus, Melville, 
Jane Austen, Joseph Conrad 
and others. Touster's 75-pagc 
syllabus includes detailed 
background and points of 
discussion of 1 1 literary 
selections that participants 
read as part of the course. 

These 18 "students" and 
thousands of other Women's 
Committee members meet 
in small groups in homes, 
clubhouses and community 
centers across the country 
once or twice a month to 
pursue a special form of 
higher education. They are 

an eclectic group — aged 35- 
90, high school and college 
graduates, employed and 
retired professionals and 
homemakers among them — 
with a wide range of 
interests, but a common 
thirst for knowledge. The 
Women's Committee's 
unique Study Group Program 
offers 79 courses authored by 
Brandeis professors on 
subjects ranging from 
"Shakespeare: The 
Tragedies" by Associate 
Professor of English Alan 
Levitan to "Rationing and 
the Dilemmas of Medical 
Care" by Professor of 
Sociology Peter Conrad. 

The Women's Committee 
introduced Study Groups in 
the mid-fifties, a few years 
after it was founded to raise 
money for the Brandeis 
Libraries. The purpose of the 
program was to create a 
stronger link between the 
University and the Women's 
Committee. Pursuing its 
parallel missions of library 
support and education for its 
55,000 members, the 
Women's Committee has 
raised more than $45 million 
for the Libraries, while Study 
Groups have become the 
backjione of the organization. 
Open only to members. 
Study Groups are a major 
attraction for the educated 
and intellectually curious 
women drawn to the 
Women's Committee, 
offering a unique opportunity 
for members to stretch their 
minds with university-level 
course work. 

Often Studv Groups go 
beyond the otticial svliahus 
to study related subjects. 
"The Novel Murder: The 
Life and Times of the 
Detective Story," which 
explores moral codes, 
societal issues and concepts 
of law and justice, has 
generated study of women 
detectives and ethnic 
detectives, for example. 
When the suburban Boston 
Metro West Chapter, which 
already offered 50 Study 
Group selections to its 
relatively young 
membership, brought in 
local rabbis to lead 
discussions of two Brandeis 
Brieflets on Jewish cultural 
issues, the response was so 
overwhelming that the 
chapter created a special 
lecture series that focused on 
Jewish faith and culture and 
how to bring it into the 

Some Study Groups take on 
a life of their own, becoming 
an important part of the lives 
of the core membership. The 
nearly 3,000 members of the 
Greater Boston Chapter have 
more than 30 Study Groups 
from which to choose, but 
some of the longest-running 
and most popular ones rarely 
have an opening. In Boston 
member Mary Feldman's 
very popular long-running 
current events group, 
members sometimes wait 
years to join so they can 
participate in writing and 
circulating major research 
papers as the group conducts 
thorough studies of such 
countries as China, Japan and 
the former Soviet Union. 

Study Groups can provide 
more than intellectual 
stimulation. A group in 
Oakland, California, built so 
much camaraderie and 
intimacy while completing 
the syllabus "Women Aging 
with Knowledge and Power" 

that thcv decided to stay 
together to do Associate 
Professor of Anthropology 
David Jacobson's syllabus 
"Stress, Support and 
Coping," group member 
Marilyn Teplow explains. 

Joyce Reider, president of the 
Women's Committee Florida 
Region, has been leading 
Study Groups for 30 years. 
At home with three small 
children in the fervent years 
of the early sixties, "I 
yearned," she says, "for a 
chance to speak in whole 
sentences with intelligent 
and thoughtful women. 
Finding the Bergen County 
Chapter's China Group 
changed my life." 

Reider has been a member 
and leader of Study Groups 
as well as national chair of 
this program through several 
careers. She became a 
lecturer in American studies 
for United Nations 
diplomats in New York and 
developed study and 
discussion programs for 
retired school teachers in 
Paramus, New Jersey. 
"Everything I've done in my 
life came from my Brandeis 
experience," she claims. 

For information on Brandeis 
University National 
Women's Committee 
membership and Study 
Groups, call 617-736-4160. 

Interview with 
Jehuda Reinliarz, 
Ph.D. 72 

by Brenda Marder 

Marder: You are regarded 
as a successful teacher and 
productive scholar. What 
does a person with your 
academic background 
bring to the position of 

Reinharz: I am not very 
much different from our 
previous chief academic 
officers in this regard. 
What I bring to the job is 
the view of a faculty 
member who, in one way 
or another, has been 
associated with Brandeis 
for some 25 years. This 
gives me a certain 
historical perspective on 
the University and an 
appreciation for its unique 
mission. I strongly believe 
that the academic officers 
at the University ought to 
come from within the 
faculty; it is crucial that 
they be acquainted with 
the ethos, traditions and 
aspirations of the academy 
and share them. 

Marder: Why did you 

decide at this time to 
switch to administration? 
To some people, the 
position might seem dull, 
bureaucratic and 
burdensome compared to 

the exciting life of a fine 
scholar who has 
distinguished himself as 
you have by winning the 
first President of Israel 
Prize, awarded by the 
Knesset for the book on 
Chaim Weizmann. 

Reinharz: I consider being 
provost at Brandeis an 
honor. Administration is 
part of every faculty 
member's life. Indeed, 
when we evaluate faculty 
for promotion, we talk 
about service to the 
University as one of the 
three major criteria. Being 
an administrator is not 
antithetical to being a 
scholar. Most people at 
this University and 
elsewhere balance areas of 
service, scholarship and 
teaching in different ways 
during different times in 
their careers. Although I 
am doing administrative 
work, I see myself as 
continuing to be a 
member of the faculty. As 
you can see, I do not 
consider myself switching 
to administration. 
Administration properly 
viewed is simply an 
extension of the rest of 
the academy. It is not an 
independent machinery 
divorced from the values 
of the University, though 

continued on page 12 

10 Brandeis Review 


with Dan Mansoor 

F" r 


These interviews took 
place in the beginning 
of the summer. 

Marder: You assumed 
your position at Brandeis 
last March so your 
assessment of the 
University is still fresh. 
What were your first 
impressions of Brandeis 
and of how people relate 

Mansoor: When I came on 
campus, I was struck 
initially by three things. 
The warmth of the 
community was the first: 
people welcomed me 
unreservedly and at the 
same time spoke 
passionately about the 
institution and offered to 
help in a host of ways. 
Next, I was impressed by 
the quality of the faculty 
and the academic 
programs. Then, I was 
drawn to the beauty of the 
campus. When I moved 
from Ithaca to Brandeis, I 
assumed I was moving 
from beautiful 
countryside to a cramped 
metropolitan area. Instead 

^' ^v. 

I found that Brandeis is 
an oasis in an urban 
setting and Boston is a 
real delight. 

Marder: From what you 
tell me about your 
welcome to the 
University and the kinds 
of relationships that 
donors and the 
community have to 
Brandeis, your job ought 
to be a pushover. 

Mansoor: Fund-raising, 
in a sense, can be very 
easy. Assume you have 
only one potential 
prospect. You know 
what to do. When you 
identify that person, you 
have completed the first 
step. Then you gather 
information about the 
individual by talking to 
his or her friends, by 
looking at public 
information or by 
talking to the person 
directly. Next you 
involve the person, 
through invitations to 
campus for lectures, 
activities, concerts and 
the like. If the 
institution is doing fine 
work, the prospect is 
ready to be asked for an 
expression of 
commitment to the 
university — a gift. 

continued on page 1 7 

11 Fall 1992 

Reinharz walking 
on campus with 
Irving Epstein, 
dean of aits and 
sciences and 
Helena Rubinstein 
of Chemistry 

continued from page 10 


administrators clearly have the 
opportunity to interpret these 
values. I was happy to serve at this 
moment in time because I have just 
finished two books: the second 
volume of the Weizmann biography 
that is about to appear and another 
book I have coauthored with the 
late Brandeis professor Ben Halpem. 
So, the time seemed ripe to shift the 
balance for a period of time. 

Marder: Will you continue to do 
research, writing and teaching or 
will your duties as provost 
submerge you? 

Reinharz: Not classroom teaching 
because that requires a great deal of 
preparation and I do not have time 
at this point. But I still supervise 
graduate students. I have been 
writing articles based on previous 
work late at night, but obviously I 
cannot get involved in any new 
major research projects such as new 
books based on archival research. 
During this summer in Israel, I will 
complete several projects such as 
the second edition of The few in the 
Modern World, which I coedited 
with Paul Mendes-Flohr, a former 
graduate student with me at 
Brandeis and a professor at the 
Hebrew University. Another reason 
I'm glad to be in Israel this summer 
is that in November the Weizmann 
Institute will host a state event 
commemorating the 75th 
anniversary of the Balfour 
Declaration. I was asked to give the 
major address on that occasion, 
which I will prepare in Israel. These 
are the kinds of things that I can 
continue to do while serving as the 

Marder: How would you describe 
the provost's job? Many of our 
readers are wondering exactly how 
the new team under President Thier 
will operate. 

Reinharz: Lots of people ask me this 
question. Under the new structure, 
the provost is the chief academic 
officer, meaning that I am 
responsible for maintaining the 
highest possible academic standards 
with regard to teaching and 
research. My task also entails 
recruitment of the brightest and 
most promising students to 
Brandeis. While I take it for granted 
that this is the common goal for all 
members of the Brandeis 
community, it is my task to 
coordinate and streamline the 
various components of the academy 
in pursuit of our common goals. At 
the same time, as a senior vice 
president, my job is to assist the 
President in any way I can, which 
includes fund-raising and relations 
with alumni, the National Women's 
Committee, the Trustees and other 
members of the community. The 
job entails a good deal of public 
relations — talking to individuals or 
giving talks to various groups. It 
also requires some travehng on 
behalf of the University. 

Marder: Give us an example of how 
you might shape academic 

Reinharz: It is not I alone who shape 
the academic programs of the 
University. In the spring semester 
members of the Academic Planning 
Group, consisting of eight faculty 
members and five administrators, 
worked very hard to assist the 
academic enterprise at Brandeis and 
make specific recommendations for 
the restructuring of the academy. 

These recommendations were 
reviewed by the faculty as a whole 
before a final report was written. 
And this brings me to state how 
academic change should be 
undertaken at Brandeis: it can take 
place only if there is full 
participation and consensus on the 
part of the faculty as a whole. It is 
my task to guide, to suggest, to 
bring proposals, perhaps even to 
lead. But it is the faculty who must 
have consensus on the nature of 
change in the curriculum, staffing 
and the like. Without their 
cooperation, true and lasting change 
is impossible. 

Marder: You bring your own 
individual vision to the office of the 
provost. Besides teaching at 
Brandeis, you also earned your 
doctorate here, so you possess a 
certain historical perspective, as you 
said, as well as hopes for the future. 

Reinharz: The fact that I earned my 
Ph.D. here probably gives me a 
special perspective on Brandeis. I 
became a graduate student here 
when Abram Sachar was still 
President and when many of the 
original faculty still taught here. I 
have enormous respect and 
admiration for what they did and 
tried to accomplish. I think we 
therefore have to be careful that we 
do not make any radical changes for 
the sake of change alone or to keep 
up with fads. Change ought to occur 
within the framework of reverence 
for the past. What I would hke to do 
by the time I leave this position is 
to make sure that we are living 
within our resources and that we 

12 Brandeis Review 

can pay decent salaries to our 
faculty and staff so we can contniuc 
to attract the very best people. All 
this while simultaneously 
preserving the unique character of 

Marder: How do the recent 
geographic and political changes in 
the greater world affect the campus? 

Reinharz: We are facing a new world 
m the Pacific, Eastern Europe and 
elsewhere. Artificial barriers have 
disappeared, maldng it easier to 
appreciate different cultures and 
traditions. We have better access 
and can take advantage of student 
and faculty exchanges, for example. 
We have to pay a great deal of 
attention to the internationalization 
of the campus. We at Brandeis have 
of course a very strong base on 
which to build in this regard. 
Throughout our history we have 
been able to attract outstanding 

stiKknts tiom ti)iLii;n countries. In a 
sense wc have been ahead of our 
times. I would like to see, as does 
the President, many exchange and 
joint programs with foreign 
universities. Indeed, we have begun 
the process of doing so some time 
ago. We must also study the 
curriculum to be sure that course 
offerings reflect this new world. 

Marder: I remember not too many 
years back, when the American- 
university world was more insular 
and didn't understand that the 
globalization process was under 
way, some people criticized 
Brandeis, claiming that we had "too 
many foreign students." But 

Brandeis actually was on the cutting 
edge of encouraging and welcoming 
foreign students to campus. 

Reinharz: Of course this criticism 
does not sit well with me because, 
having come from another country, 
I feel offended by this attitude. I 
think most people at Brandeis agree 
that we recruit some of our very 
best students from foreign 
countries. What some of these 
people accomplish when they 
return to their homeland is very 
impressive. They in turn are helpful 
to the University. They refer 
students of high caliber to us from 
their own countries and we can call 
on them as alumni during the years 
to contribute their expertise and 
experience to enrich our 
community. Some of them have 
even been asked to serve on the 
Board of Trustees and other boards 
of the University. 

Marder: Let's talk about student and 
faculty interplay. When you came to 
Brandeis as a graduate student and 
got your Ph.D. in '72, different 
social and academic conditions 
prevailed. What exactly are the 
differences in the students that you 
are now supervising compared to 
your peers 20 years ago? 

Reinharz: You can't discuss 
students without commenting on 
the faculty first. As a graduate 
student, I didn't pay much attention 
to the wider context. I came to NEJS 
at a time when I can say, without 
exaggeration, it had some of the 
greatest scholars in the field of 
Judaica anywhere. And they 
required a great deal from us. 

I beheve it is more difficult to be a 
gi'aduate student today than it was 
20 years ago. Funding has not kept 



processing with 
David Gil, 
piofessoi of social 
policy, The Heller 
School, at the 
Inauguration of 
Samuel O. Thier 

up with expenses and many more 
graduate students today have to 
work to support themselves and 
their famihes. Other than that, I 
think that the quahty of graduate 
students today is equal to that in 
years past. This is reflected in our 
ability to place them in some of the 
finest institutions in this country 
and abroad. 

One central difference between then 
and now is that among the faculty 
today, in NEJS at least, you will find 
more American-bom members. As 
was true for Brandeis in general 
during its first two decades, we 
benefited enonnously from the 
European-refugee scholars who 
could be found in every department. 
This was President Emeritus Abram 
Sachar's genius — to recruit these 
great scholars, who had for the most 
part fled Central and Eastern 
Europe, to the Brandeis faculty. 
They immediately put Brandeis on 
the map. Brandeis was a highly 
congenial atmosphere for these 
people who brought fame and luster 
to the campus, malting it a premier 
research institution within a very 
brief period of time. This holds true 
for other departments as well — in 
history, sociology, political science 
and many of the sciences. 

Marder: As you were going through 
your experience here, were you 
aware that it was the best you could 
have possibly gotten? 

Reinharz: I had been accepted at 
another fine university for graduate 
studies. I received a wonderful 
scholarship, a five-year Ford 
Fellowship that I think was given 
only to two people entering 
graduate school. My wife was, at the 
same time, a graduate student in 
sociology at Brandeis, and she 
persuaded me to come here after I 
received my M.A. at Harvard. So, I 
gave up my Ford Fellowship. It was 
probably the best move I could have 

Marder: In today's world as well as 
then, the University's academic 
standards depend very much on 
revenues. How is the provost 
involved in fund-raising? 

Reinharz: When I became director of 
the Tauber Institute in 1984, 1 
became very active in fund-raising. 
Although nobody ever asked me to 

fund-raise, I saw that activity as an 
integral part of the job because the 
Institute would have folded without 
It. This is not an activity for its own 
sake; I raise money because I know I 
am doing it for an important cause. I 
also know that people want to give 
because they get pleasure out of 
seeing their money used in the 
world of ideas. If I had more time I 
would do more of it. In general, 
faculty members can be excellent 

Marder: We were tallting before 
about restructuring the academy. 
This operation would include 
revenue enhancements. Is that 

Reinharz: Yes, many ideas 
concerning revenue enhancements 
came up as part of the 
recommendations of the Academic 
Planning Group; for example, we 
have talked a great deal about 
offering M.A. programs that not 
only add quality to our programs 
but serve also as revenue 
enhancements. And indeed, some 
departments even before these 
recommendations were considered, 
had added excellent M.A. programs. 
I will entertain ideas for curricular 
additions on the condition that they 
not be just revenue enhancements 
but have a sound academic and 
intellectual base. With that in mind, 
I see it as my duty to enhance 
revenues because we are at a critical 
point in the history of Brandeis. The 
restructuring of the academy 
consists not only of revenue 
enhancements, but also of savings, 
streamlining and better 

Marder: How in tune is the faculty 
to the problem of finances? Brandeis 
faculty are not necessarily locked in 

14 Brandeis Review 

an ivory tower. In fact, most of 
them live very much in the world. 
But at the same time, each faculty 
memher has his or her own domain, 
which is, after all, his or her 
lifetime's work. If faculty members 
see their areas shrink or eliminated, 
they have just cause for alarm. How, 
generally, have the faculty balanced 
their own interests against the 
greater good of the University? 

Reinharz: I have been very 
impressed with the faculty's 
response. After the Academic 
Planning Group came up with its 
initial recommendations, it was 
clear to the community that many 
programs would have to contract or 
otherwise adjust. The faculty is 
appreciative of the fact that the 
process at Brandeis was open and 
interactive. The report was not 
managed from the top down,- when 
we wrote the report, we met with 
every single department and 
academic unit on campus to get 
their ideas so that we could add 
their input. With some 
departments, we met as many as 
five times. As I mentioned before, it 
is my strong belief that unless the 
faculty feels that they have 
ownership in the University, unless 
the faculty feels that this is also 
their report, we will not be able to 
implement it. 

If, as you say, we have to take the 
Academic Planning Group's 
recommendations and eliminate 
something into which a faculty 
member has poured a lifetime of 
work, it cannot be done without a 
basic consensus among the faculty. 
In fact, almost all departments are 

Jehuda Reinharz was born 
in Israel. In 1958 he 
moved to Germany and 
then to the United States 
in 1961. After high school, 
Reinharz entered a joint 
program at the Teachers 
Institute, Jewish 
Theological Seminary and 
Columbia University, 
where he majored in both 
Jewish and European 
history. He was graduated 
with a B.S. from 
Columbia and with a 
Bachelor of Religious 
Education from the 
Jewish Theological 
Seminary, where he was 
valedictorian. He earned 
his M.A. from Harvard 
University with a 
concentration in medieval 
Jewish history and 
philosophy and came to 
Brandeis to earn his Ph.D. 
in modern Jewish history, 
European history and the 
Middle East. 

After teaching at the 
University of Michigan 
for 10 years, Reinharz 
returned to Brandeis in 
1982 as Richard Koret 
Professor of Modern 
JeviTish History in Near 
Eastern and Judaic 
Studies (NEJS). He has 

been the director of the 
Tauber Institute for the 
Study of European Jewry 
since 1984. 

Reinharz has written over 
70 articles and has 
authored, coauthored and 
edited over 1 7 books on 
anti-Semitism. Zionism, 
important Zionist leaders 
such as Chaim 
Weizmann, Polish-Jewish 
history and German- 
Jewish history. He has 
five forthcoming books: 
The Emergence of the 
Jewish State 1880-1948, 
with Ben Halpern. 
Brandeis professor 
emeritus; The Letters and 
Papers of Manya 
Wilbushevitz Shohat with 
Brandeis Professor 
Shulamit Reinharz; 
Chaim Weizmann: The 
Making of a Statesman; 
Zionism and Religion; 
and Zionist Leadership 
^vith Anita Shapira. He 
also sits on the editorial 
boards of Modem Judaism 
and Studies in 
Contemporary Judaism. 

Reinharz is active in 
national and 
international institutions. 
He serves as the secretary 
and treasurer of the 
Association for Jewish 
Studies, on the Academic 

Committee for the 
Museum Development 
of the United States 
Holocaust Memorial 
Council and as a 
member of the Board of 
Directors of Yad Chaim 
Weizmann. He is 
involved in the 
Academic Advisory 
Committee for the 
Memorial Foundation 
for Jewish Culture, The 
National Foundation for 
Jewish Culture and the 
Advisory and Editorial 
Board for the Institute of 
Polish-feverish Studies. 
He received several 
awards for his 
biographical studies of 
the Zionist leader, 
Chaim Weizmann, 
including the National 
Jewish Book Award in 
1986. He was awarded 
the Shazar Prize in 
History in 1 988 and in 
1990 was the first 
recipient of the President 
of Israel Prize, awarded 
by the Knesset. 

Reinharz is married to 
Shulamit Reinharz. 
professor of sociology 
and director. Women's 
Studies Program, at 
Brandeis. The couple has 
two children. 


going to have to shrink, but I think 
we all recognize that we have no 
choice in the matter. We must live 
within our means if we care about 
the future of the University. In our 
open meetings, the budget was laid 
out and thoroughly explained by the 
President for all to see. I don't think 
there is anyone on the faculty or 
staff today who does not understand 
a restructuring of the University is 
necessary, though I recognize that 
people will differ as to how to 
implement this restructuring. 

15 Fall 1992 


Marder: Will departments shrink no 
matter how popular they are? No 
matter how they contribute to 
revenue enhancement? 

Reinharz: We used many criteria 
when evaluating programs. Our 
ability to attract students was only 
one of them. Obviously, we took 
into account the quality of the 
programs, costs and the relationship 
to the mission of the University. We 
do have to make choices as to 
whether the departments can 
maintain their quality even with a 
smaller number of faculty. Some 
departments will suffer more and 
some will suffer less, because some 
areas are better able to respond to 
cuts. For instance, some have a 
better chance of applying to 
foundations or the govemment for 
grants. Other departments, no 
matter how hard they try, do not 
have that kind of resource. 

Marder: The outlook, then, is 
positive on reforming the 
curriculum and coming to grips 
with our financial situation, in spite 
of the dreary news that issues from 
the recession and the grave 
problems with higher education? 

Reinharz: One reason I am 
optimistic is that we have a truly 
outstanding leader in Sam Thier. 
That played a major role in my 
decision to take on this task. I have 
confidence that our restructuring 
will help us pull through these 
difficult times. The report, 
moreover, leaves room for flexibility 
so it can respond to new revenues 
we are now trying to generate with 
the help of the Board of Trustees. 

Marder: This is a time when we 
really need leadership. 

Reinharz: The President is crucial, 
but so is the Board of Trustees. So 
much depends on the Board, the 
alumni, what we call the inner 
family. Leadership is easy in times 
of prosperity. At this point in our 
history, it requires more effort, 
particularly the ability to generate 
new resources. 

Marder: You are provost at a very 
fascinating time in the history of 
the institution. Brandeis's standards 
have always been high. What are the 
threats to these standards and how 
can we guard against them? 

Reinharz: The threats are in large 
part financial. If, indeed, we are 
unable to raise the amounts of 
money we need, we will not be able 
to recruit the caliber of faculty and 
students that constitute an 
excellent university. If we enter a 
downward spiral in terms of 
standards, it would be very difficult 
to reverse direction. I think even if 
our buildings are in bad shape, that 
is a condition we can live with. In 
fact, we have lived with this 
situation for many decades. But we 
can't give in at all on educational 

Marder: It seems to me, you would 
need to offset this heavy 
professional routine with hobbies. 
What do you do in your leisure? 

Reinharz: I love to sail — I do it on a 
very elementary level on a sailfish — 
and I enjoy playing tennis with my 
family. I also exercise regularly and 
try very hard not to let anyone or 
anything interfere with this activity. 
Believe it or not, the easiest way for 
me to relax is to write. Doing my 
research is also my hobby. 

Marder: One subject we have not 
discussed is your Israeli background. 
Has it given you any specific 

Reinharz: I don't know if I can really 
pinpoint this factor, it is so 
subjective. But perhaps it has been 
helpful in the Brandeis context. 
Brandeis University has many ties 
to Israeli institutions, something I 
am trying to strengthen. Perhaps 
more important in shaping my 
outlook has been the multilingual 
culture in which I was raised as a 
child in Israel. I continue to identify 
as both an Israeli and as an 
American. I have dual citizenship 
and feel equally at home in both 
cultures. It adds an enriching 
dimension to our lives as a family, 
which we think our children have 
also begun to share. ■ 

16 Brandeis Review 

Mansoor (right) 
and fehuda 
Reinhaiz, Ph.D. 
'72, piovost and 
senior vice 
for academic 
affairs, discuss 
business over 
lunch at the 
Faculty Club 

continued from page 11 

Marder: But you are not seeking one 
potential donor. From what I 
understand, you are trying to widen 
the donor base among alumni in 

Mansoor: Yes, that's correct. Our 
challenge today is to reach more and 
more people in the most personal 
manner possible. Even though we 
use technology to help us, we still 
try to communicate on the 
individual level. But to return to 
your remark, fund-raising "strategy" 
is easy, fund-raising "work" is hard. 
Brandeis needs to construct a 
professional approach to be sure we 
are asking everyone who is 
interested in the University. The 
number one reason people do not 
support Brandeis is that they are not 
asked, or are not asked properly. 

Marder: Will you take a totally new 
approach as you professionalize? 

Mansoor: Although I will be 
implementing new strategies, I 
want to give credit to the 
development work that's been done 
in the last few years. A university of 
our size does not receive over $20 
million each year without a lot of 
hard work from the staff and 
faculty, and a tremendous 
commitment from our friends and 
alumni. One practice I will modify 
is the emphasis placed on event 

fund-raising. Instead of focusing on 
an event, I like to think of fund- 
raising as relationship building. The 
whole enterprise is called 
"development" because it's an 
ongoing process. The gift is just one 
gesture in a warm relationship. We 
must continue to stay in touch with 
our friends, involve them in the 
campus, act as good stewards of past 
gifts and justify their continued 

Marder: What are some other ways 
to professionalize the development 

Mansoor: As far as alumni and 
friends are concerned, we should be 
sure to stay in regular contact. Let 
me share some numbers with you. 
In fiscal year 1992, which ended 
lune 30, 1992, we received gifts 
from 5,500 alumni. In the five-year 
period before that an additional 
4,600 alumni made a gift, but they 
didn't give in the current year, and 
before that five-year period another 
2,900 alumni made a gift. So when 
we talk about the number of 
Brandeis alumni making gifts, 
13,000 or 59 percent out of 22,000 
have done so in their lifetime, but 
only 25 percent in the last year. A 
more systematic or professional 
analysis would reveal the cause,- but 
I believe it is because we are not 
systematic in our appeal and that 
we need to expand our volunteer 
committees. To aid in all of this, I 
hope to put in place an extended 
volunteer structure. We cannot rely 
solely on staff, a handful of alumni, 
friends and Trustees. If the 
development office is organized 
from a professional standpoint to 
give volunteers solid information 
and effective training, that will 
strengthen our chances for success. 


Mansoor talks with 
Wendy Finn '85, 
Boston Alumni 
chapter president, 
at a recent visit to 


Marder: What is the concept behind 
volunteer efforts? 

Mansoor: Most simply, it's a matter 
of numbers — more people asking 
more alumni and friends for a gift. 
The prospect can relate comfortably 
to a volunteer who has already 
given. And, of course, the 
volunteers have a strong 
commitment to or affection for the 
University or they wouldn't be 
spending their time working as 
volunteers. Their efforts are 
reinforced through committee 
meetings on campus or in their 
communities. A large benefit the 
University derives from the 
volunteer system is human 
resources. As I said a few moments 
ago, fund-raising is easy if you have 
one potential donor. Brandeis has 
24,000 alumni, thousands of 
interested friends and parents, and 
members of the National Women's 
Committee who represent a large 
and significant potential body of 
volunteers. Because the 
development office has limits on 
the size of its staff, we must rely on 
more volunteers. 

Marder: Our donor base is not 
clustered around Boston, but spread 
throughout the country. How do 
you conquer the distances? 

Mansoor: The regional offices are 
being reorganized to do that. 
Experience shows that the best way 
to stay in touch with friends is 
locally. We have five regional 
offices — one here on campus for 
New England, in Chicago, Los 
Angeles, New York and Florida. I 
would also like to see the regional 
offices assist our campus staff and 
alumni volunteers with student 

Marder: Let's return to your idea of 
replacing event fund-raising with 
other activities. What do you 
envision as alternatives? 

Mansoor: Part of our challenge is to 
reengage alumni and friends in the 
mission of the University: 
education and research. People 
know of Brandeis for the quality 
of its education and they will be 
more encouraged to give if we 
successfully execute two things: we 
continue the educational programs 
with them and the next generation. 
We can employ a variety of formats 
to present our friends and alumni 
with such opportunities by using 
Brandeis's popular Humanities and 
the Professions program; organizing 
educational tours conducted by 
faculty to such places as Eastem 
Europe, Israel and also in this 
country; and inviting people more 
regularly to return to campus for 
educational activities. 

Marder: The Academic Planning 
Group, composed of faculty and 
some administrators, is presenting a 
recommendation on how to cut the 
budget by six million dollars over 
the next four years by altering the 
curriculum and pruning the 
administrative budget. But still the 
University will need an additional 
six million in income to balance the 
operating budget. How does the 

Office of Development fit into the 
process of obtaining revenue to aid 
the academic programs? 

Mansoor: We must communicate 
the importance of annual giving to 
our alumni and friends, then engage 
these people in the activities of 
Brandeis and finally ask for a gift to 
support the faculty, students and 
programs. The provost and faculty 
plan the curriculum and the budget 
is subsequently built to support it. 
Whatever amount of income is 
needed beyond tuition, endowment 
income and other sources, is the 
objective of the development office. 
Current-use monies, or the Annual 
Fund, is the source for the six 
million we have earmarked to 
balance the budget over the next 
four years. That is a 60 percent 
increase over that period of time. 

Marder: One can make the dollars 
raised more meaningful by spending 
less money on raising those dollars. 
How does Brandeis fare in terms of 
cost effective fund-raising? 

Mansoor: A good point. I think 
there are two goals fund-raisers 
ought to set for themselves. The 
first target is the total amount 
raised in support of the institution. 
The second is the cost of raising 
those funds. Last year we spent 16 
cents for each dollar raised. I want 
to reduce that figure to 12 cents. But 
there are many judgment calls in 
generating expenses as you search 
out the dollars. You must take 
advantage of opportunities for 
growth. For instance, if the one 

18 Brandeis Review 

additional trip to the West Coast 
costs a thousand dollars, but might 
yield a large gift, let's hope you 
make the correct decision and get 
on the plane. This opportunity 
comes not from exceeding a planned 
budget, but incorporating flexibility 
in the operations that will allow 
you to reallocate resources to make 
this action possible. 

Marder: President Thier stated a few 
months ago that a capital campaign 
is envisioned for the 50th 
anniversary of the University's 
founding. You just don't launch into 
a capital campaign, it takes a few 
years to lay the groundwork. 

Mansoor: Absolutely. Part of my 
task is to put into place the policies, 
the philosophy, the systems and 
technologies and the people, that is 
the staff and the volunteers. All of 
these activities not only lead to a 
capital campaign but invigorate 
annual giving. 

Marder: Brandeis can boast an 
excellent undergraduate education, 
and an internationally recognized 
graduate enterprise. Additionally, 
the University enjoys a special 
heritage. How does this aid in 
development projects? 

Mansoor: The fact that Brandeis was 
founded and sponsored by the 
Jewish community helps because of 
the community's strong belief in 
tzedakah, or charity. Add to that 
the American ethos of philanthropy 
and it is hard to think of an 
institution that is better positioned. 

Marder: How can you sum up your 
philosophy for giving? 

Born and raised in 
Madison. Wisconsin, Dan 
Mansoor was graduated 
with a B.S. from the 
College of Engineering at 
Cornell University and 
earned an M.S. A. from 
the Johnson Graduate 
School of Management, 
Cornell University. Before 
returning to Cornell to 
work, he was employed 
by the Procter and 
Gamble Manufacturing 
Company in St. Louis, 
Missouri and Lima, Ohio, 
as a production manager. 

Mansoor spent several 
years hi two development 
offices within Cornell 
University. He acted as 

the director of 
development from 1984- 
1990 for the Johnson 
Graduate School of 
Management, where he 
was largely responsible for 
Concurrently, he 
supervised a capital 
campaign that successfully 
raised $46.5 million. In 
1 990, Mansoor took on the 
position of director of 
development and public 
affairs for the College of 
Arts and Sciences, where 
he remained until the 
beginning of this year. In 
that office he was also 
responsible for managing 
alumni affairs for the 
College's 45,000 graduates 
and planning for a portion 
of a University-wide 
capital campaign 

Mansoor: What drives a lot of my 
initiatives and energy is a Midrash 
expression my father uses on many 
occasions: "Many candles can be 
kindled from one candle without 
diminishing its light." That's what I 
think fund-raising is all about. It 
sums up my own philosophy and, I 
believe, that of Brandeis and our 
most generous friends. ■ 

Mansooi at his 
favorite sport 

The following article is based on the research I did on the 
Palestinian women's movement while living in the West 
Bank for a month at a time during 1 989-91 and the diary I 
l<ept of life under the Israeli occupation and the Palestinian 
intifada. My home was in Ramallah, a city of perhaps 25,000 
people a few miles north of Jerusalem. From these same 
sources I wrote The Women Are Marching: The Second Sex 
in the Palestinian Revolution. 

"Intifada" is an Arabic word meaning "shelving off." The 
Palestinian intifada that began in December 1 987 is an 
expression of the Palestinian desire to shake off Israeli rule, 
not only by challenging its domination in the streets, but by 
creating an alternative economic infrastructure. Among its 
many results has been a dramatic restructuring of the role of 
Palestinian women. Whether their status has been 
permanently altered, however, remains to be seen. 

West Bank society, like many Mediterranean and largely 
Moslem entities, adhered for generations to the ideal of 
woman as almost completely private and apolitical. She was 
secluded in her home, remote from the political and paid 
economic spheres. It was men who went into the paid work 
force, men who mingled in cafes and played backgammon 
after work, men who socialized outside the home. 

The Women 
Are Marching 

by Philippa Strum '59 

While the genders normally did not mix outside the home, it 
was mainly middle- and upper-class women who met this 
ideal of full seclusion and segregation from men. The 
majority of West Bank women were and are rural. The field 
work that was part of their lives did not lend itself either to 
seclusion or to another ideal, the veiled woman (or in the 
20th century, one whose head is covered with a scarf). Even 
in rural areas, a clear gender-based division of labor usually 
prevailed. Rural women fetched water and men herded 
flocks, for example, while only seasonal jobs, such as 
picking olives and harvesting, were done by men and 
women together. Women occasionally did "men's work," but 
West Bank men normally played no role in "women's work" 
of child rearing, cooking and housekeeping. Men controlled 
money no matter who earned it, and were viewed as the 
primary breadwinners. 

Palestinian women of all classes have been expected to be 
chaste, and men's honor has depended on their being kept 
that way. A woman's chastity was guarded first by her father 
and then by her husband. Couples traditionally did not meet 
in advance. The bride was irrelevant to the marriage 
contract, which was signed without her presence and 
participation. A low value was placed on female literacy, 
considered unimportant to marriage and the production of 

Beginning in the 1970s, an emerging core of elite women 
challenged this ideology. They had gone to university in 
Egypt or Lebanon or in the relatively new West Bank 
colleges, participated in voluntary work committees 
organized by municipalities after the election of 1 976, and 
drew on both experiences for discussion of gender roles and 

20 Brandeis Review 

the place of women in the national liberation effort. In 1978 
they began to establish the four women's committees that, 
together with a number of leading-nonpartisan women found 
primarily in academia. constitute the women's movement. 
The committees created literacy classes with newly-written 
materials, instructing women about their rights, child care 
centers, vocational training classes and production teams 
designed to enable women to gain at least some economic 
independence. As the emphasis was on bringing committee 
members to the national liberation movement and 
empowering them by making them part of the decision- 
making process, particularly through local subcommittees, 
local committees were in place and ready to be mobilized 
when the intifada began. 

Philippa Strum received 
her B.A. from Brandeis, 
her Ed.M. from Harvard 
and her Ph.D. from the 
Graduate Faculty of the 
New School. She is a 
professor of political 
science at City University 
of New York, Brooklyn 
College and the Graduate 

The involvement of women in the first year of the intifada 
signified a major change in activities considered permissible 
for women and shook the old ideas of dependent women 
whose honor lay in remaining hidden from the public eye. 
Although the early intifada revolved, in part, around the 
demonstrations by the young men (shabab) and their 
consequent emergence as street leaders, the spontaneous 
nature of many demonstrations, such as those at funerals 
attended by massive numbers of people, meant that a cross 
section of the population was involved from the start. 

Women quickly became a backbone of the demonstrations 
both as participants and as protectors of their men, rushing 
out to play a public political function by throwing themselves 
between members of the Israeli Defense Force (IDF) and the 
young men they were trying to seize. One day early in the 
intifada, for example, women in the Old City of Ramallah 
attacked a patrol of soldiers with pots and pans in order to 
release a youth being arrested. On another occasion. Munir 
Fasheh, a professor of education, saw a man in his early 
twenties being beaten by soldiers in Ramallah. A woman 
rushed up with her baby in her arms and began shouting at 
the man. "I told you not to leave the house today, that the 
situation is too dangerous. But you didn't listen: you never 
listen to me!" She turned in disgust to the soldiers and telling 
them to beat him ched, "I am sick of you and your baby; take 
him and leave me alone," pushed the baby into the young 
man's arms and ran away. The confused soldiers soon left 
the scene. In a few minutes the woman reappeared, 
retrieved her child and wished the young man safety and a 
quick recovery. They were total strangers. 

Center. She is the author 
of seven books and 
numerous articles about 
American government, 
constitutional law, human 
rights and women and 
politics, including Louis 
D. Brandeis: Justice for 
the People, which was 
nominated for a Pulitzer 
Prize in biography; 
Brandeis: Beyond 
scheduled to be 
published by the 
University of Kansas 
Press in 1993; 
Presidential Power and 
American Democracy; 
and The Supreme Court 
and "Political 
Questions. " Her 
professional activities 
include serving on the 
executive committee of 
the American Civil 

Liberties Union's board of 
directors, and as president 
of the American-Israeli Civil 
Liberties Coalition, which 
she cofounded in 1981. 
Among her awards have 
been a Guggenheim 
Foundation research 
fellowship, an American 
Council of Learned 
Societies research 
fellowship and a research 
fellowship at the Truman 
Institute of Hebrew 

Palestinian woman 
wliose olive trees 
were destroyed by 
Israeli soldiers 

The women not only protected the men from the IDF and 
joined them in mixed gender demonstrations, but also 
engaged in spontaneous demonstrations of their own, 
expressing their outrage at violence committed by soldiers or 
Jewish settlers, at arrests and at the miscarriages that have 
been attributed to exposure to tear gas. By March 1988, 
three months after the intifada began, there had been an 
average of 115 women's marches a week. Sixteen women 
died in them. 

Al-Haq, the Palestinian affiliate of the International 
Commission of Jurists, has noted that most women 
subjected to violence during the intifada have been in their 
homes, frequently attempting to protect male relatives from 

It was men who went into the 
paid work force, men who 
mingled in cafes and played 
backgammon after work, men who 
socialized outside the home. 

physical assault or arrest. Some of the women who died 
during the intifada were passersby, killed by chance while on 
their way home from school or the market during a 
demonstration. By the end of 1989, 67 women had been 
killed in the territories. 

In a war situation, women are always confronted with the 
threat of sexual violence, and men are tempted to use such 
violence as a threatened or actual method of punishment 
and control. Traditional mores made it unthinkable that 
Palestinian women, hearing men mention sexual acts, would 
do more than cover their ears or shriek with horror. The 
intifada changed that. Al-Haq has documented numerous 
cases of soldiers directing obscene language toward 
women. Women probably have shocked soldiers as much as 
themselves by returning the soldiers' sexual taunts and 
using explicitly sexual language to question their manhood. 
Palestinian society accepted such behavior as appropriate in 
times of emergency. 

Palestinian women in prison face sexual threats and 
sometimes fondling of their bodies by soldiers. Before the 
intifada, a woman "contaminated" by being sexually abused, 
whether by soldiers or men of her own society, would have 
been ostracized if not killed. Women who were prisoners 
during the first year or so of the intifada, however, were 
treated as heroines by men as well as by women. This led 
Bizreit University professor Hanan Mikhail-Ashrawi to 
comment, 'The whole system of taboos, and the definitions 
of honor and shame have changed. Now it is the national 
issue that determines what is shameful and what is not, not 
the social issue." 

Beginning roughly in March-April 1988, when the need for 
long-term planning became clear, Palestinians began 
consolidating and extending the new kinds of committees 
that had sprung into being early in the intifada. These were 
the "neighborhood " or "popular " committees, which gradually 
became an entire and highly specialized infrastructure. 
Some provided emergency medical treatment, blood-typed 
entire neighborhoods or taught first aid. Education 
committees replaced the schools as authorities closed them 
(all West Bank schools, including kindergartens, were closed 
for 18 months in 1988-89). There were committees to 
stockpile food and other essentials for distribution when 
curfews, sometimes lasting for weeks, were imposed. Others 
collected money for families that lost their incomes from 
imprisonment, deportation, death or wounding of the wage- 
earning men. There were committees to aid in planting home 
gardens, to clean the roads, to ensure proper disposal of 
garbage, to provide information to the media— in short, to 
maintain an entire societal infrastructure. 

Although these were mixed-gender committees, it was 
women who were most active in all of them. The women's 
committees were a model for. cooperated with, and in some 
cases overlapped, the popular committees, and provided a 
mechanism for women wanting to increase their involvement 
in the intifada. Women's committee activists were among the 
first members of the popular committees, marching, building 
barricades, smuggling food to committees under curfew and 
supplying rocks to shabab. Some young women helped 
distribute the Unified Leadership leaflets that set commercial 
strike days and hours and established basic rules of 
behavior. Teenage women, particularly adept at smuggling 
food to needy families during curfews, joined young men in 
checking to see that shops close as soon as strike hours 
begin and in organizing demonstrations. The intifada brought 
a dramatic rise in the variety of women's committees' 


I Brandeis Review 

agricultural and food production pro|ects and the number of 
women in thiem. Tfie projects, a key element of tfie intifada's 
drive for self-sufficiency and creation of an economic 
infrastructure, are also a means of empowering women. 

In the early months of the intifada, many young women 
fought family attempts to limit their participation in it. A young 
committee member reported. "My mother tried to prevent me 
from participating in the clashes, but after I was arrested, it 
became an accepted thing. " Some women, especially in 
rural areas, initially lied to their parents about their 
participation in popular committees or demonstrations, but 
stopped doing so as mores changed. 

Working together altered the sensibilities of men as well as 
women. One young woman, active in a neighborhood 
committee, said, "I think that in the uprising, many people 
have put their conservatism aside. I am respected by my 
neighbors. In the beginning, I felt a certain timidity from the 

The intifada brought a dramatic rise 
in the variety of women's 
committees' agricultural and food 
production projects and the number 
of women in them. 

young men who. ..believe women should take a more active 
role, but who also hold traditional social values. But I think 
this interaction between men and women will become more 
natural." A women's committee member commented, "Really 
the shabab's respect for us increased because of our 
awareness and our role in the streets and neighborhood 
committees. Our initiatives gain us the respect of all the 
people, not just the men." A third chimed in, "When we went 
to demonstrations or participated in clashes in the beginning 
of the intifada, we met groups of young men. We didn't 
speak to them because of the social customs we were raised 
with, and also to prove to people that we were there to 
confront the soldiers and not to meet boys. But later on, we 
would talk to them every day. We would make plans, build 
barricades for the streets, burn tires and provide the boys 
with stones, as well as throw stones ourselves. So trust 
between us increased and we feel now that they respect us." 
Nonetheless, she perceived a continuing problem: "But they 
still believe that we are weaker than them and sometimes we 
hear things like, 'You have long fingernails— give me those, 
and I will throw them for you.' But we have discussed these 
problems with them, " and they have stopped trying to coddle 
the women. 

Before the intifada, middle-class women had moved from 
university-based politics into leadership outside educational 
institutions. This was facilitated by the experience women 
gained in mobilization, public speaking, writing, planning 
strategies and tactics and other aspects of organizing while 
they were university students in the women's committees. A 
second factor was the vacuum created by the increased 
level of incarceration and deportation of male leaders. A 
good number of university-trained women had achieved 
middle-management positions in male dominated trade 
unions and political parties before the intifada. Since the 
intifada, the IDF has removed much of the male leadership 
from the public sphere, which has enabled the middle- 
management women to fill positions that might othenwise 
have been reserved for men. The new visibility of women 
leaders, combined with the demands of the intifada and the 
resultant opportunities for female political activity, has led to 

Traditional woven 
sen/ing trays, made 
by one of ttie 
women's committees 

radical change in the attitude of some women, and perhaps 
of some men. Political discussion is no longer a male 
preserve. Women routinely join in or initiate conversations 
about politics, demonstrating that the public sphere has 
become as much theirs as it is men's. 

The first year of the intifada, then, saw what was probably 
the majority of women assuming a political function. 
Confronting soldiers, visiting the families of the dead and 
organizing alternative education can be viewed as 
extensions of the traditional nurturing role. There was a new 
sensibility, however, implicit in women wrestling with strange 
men, undergoing arrest and, in small numbers, achieving a 
measure of economic independence. 

By 1989, what had seemed to be permanent changes in the 
status of women had begun to crumble. It became apparent, 
in fact, that the alterations were only temporary in the eyes 
of most men, who view the participation of women in the 
intifada as an emergency measure that will be unnecessary 
when independence is achieved and the women return to 
their homes. While many women are out of their homes 
participating in the political spheres, others are, once again, 
being kept locked behind closed doors. 

Women's participation in the popular committees (declared 
illegal by Israel in August 1988, and in decline since) does 
not appear to have added to their long-term political power. 
When Palestinian leaders hold a press conference, or, more 
recently, engage in international negotiations, the only faces 

When Palestinian leaders hold a 
press conference, or, more 
recently, engage in international 
negotiations, the only faces to be 
seen usually are male. 

to be seen usually are male. The occasional exceptions 
invariably have been Mikhail-Ashrawi and activist Zahira 
Kamal, both clearly present in spite of being women. They 
were both at the October 1991 Madrid peace talks, but only 
as members of the advisory delegation: the formal delegates 
were all men. The leadership outside the territories is male. 
There are no women on the Palestine National Council's 15- 
member Executive Committee that, since the PNC's 1988 
Declaration of Independence, has been the equivalent of a 
Palestinian government. The implicit message is that there is 
no room in the government for women. 

By the end of the intifada's first year, the nature of women's 
participation in the uprising changed, reflecting the transient 
nature of the alteration in values. After the popular 
committees were outlawed, quasi-militaristic "popular 
armies," in which women have at most a minimal role, came 
into existence. Many women turned their attention to 
production projects that were extensions of the home 
economy. Parents, who had ceded much of their power over 
children, began to reclaim it. The ensuing years have seen 
the resurgence of forced early marriages and the old 
concept of shame. Marriage, and the early arrival of children, 
is viewed by many as a way of keeping single men and 
women out of the political activities that could result in 
imprisonment and the subsequent unmarriageability of 
women and the permanent wounding or death of men. The 
high rate of unemployment that has existed since late 1990 
and was exacerbated by the total curfew during the 1991 
Gulf War: the replacement of Palestinian workers by new 

24 Brandeis Review 

Randa Sinlora. head 
of the women's 
project at al-Haq, in 
her office 

Soviet immigrants to Israel: and the limitations on the 
territories' residents entering Israel have made fathers eager 
to turn the burden of supporting their daughters over to 
potential husbands. The tendency toward forced early 
marriages has moved from the villages and camps to the 

The family desire to protect women from political activities 
and loss of honor has forced some women and girls to drop 
out of schools and universities. There is now a tendency to 
treat women ex-prisoners as contaminated: they are 
regularly denied jobs and have difficulty finding husbands. 
The culture of the intifada, which downgraded frivolous or 
costly activities including restaurant meals, movies, parties 
and family excursions, has reinforced the habit of some 
elements in Palestinian society to scrutinize women's 
behavior and dress. Clothing is viewed as a political 
statement with the rise of fundamentalism and its emphasis 
on "modest" apparel for women. 

The effect of the occupation and intifada on marriage has 
been complicated. Women who have battled soldiers in the 
streets or earned money, not surprisingly, object to arranged 
marriages. Many have found prospective husbands while 
doing political work. The Palestinian Unified National 
Leadership has requested their people limit wedding 
celebrations and bride prices (muiiur) as an austerity 
measure. Some women now refuse muhur entirely, either as 
a patriotic measure or because they have come to view them 
as offensive. Marriages have increased and the frequency of 
divorce has dropped, possibly out of a felt need to adhere to 
societally acceptable norms during a penod of crisis— or 
because the combination of more modest wedding 
celebrations and small dowries has lowered the costs of 
weddings and encouraged people to marry at an early age. 
Interviews suggest that many women have been eager to 
produce "more children for Palestine" during the national 
liberation struggle. They reportedly have been encouraged 
by sermons in the mosques calling for early marriage and a 
higher birthrate. This has been changed somewhat since the 
Gulf War, with the depressed economic situation malting a 
large number of children less attractive. 

By 1 991 , membership in the women's committees had 
decreased because of family and fundamentalist reaction 
against female political activity: the inability of the 
committees to articulate a specific program for women 
beyond participation in production projects and cooperatives: 
the lack of progress in the peace process and the resulting 
questioning of the utility of political activism: and the 
demands made on women's time by the combination of 
household responsibilities, child care and participation in the 
drive for economic self-sufficiency through the creation of 
home gardens. Still, the phenomenon of women becoming 
active outside their homes constitutes a revolution that has 
occurred in a remarkably short time. Although some families 
are taking their daughters out of school early, the idea that 

There appears to be less resistance 
to a grassroots public role for 
women among people of the West 
Bank than there is within the PLO 
leadership abroad. 

women should receive a substantial amount of formal 
education has spread, its popularity ironically, perhaps, 
encouraged by anger at the government's policy of closing 
schools and universities and the belief that the closures are 
designed to render the Palestinians illiterate and ignorant. 
No less radical, if not as popular, is the idea that women who 
do not absolutely need to earn money may choose to do so 
without losing their respectability or femininity. 

A key question is to what extent a Palestinian government 
would recognize women's new roles. Although the Unified 
National Leadership appears to include few if any women, 
the leadership of political parties and trade unions have an 
increasing number. There appears to be less resistance to a 
grassroots public role for women among people of the West 
Bank than there is within the PLO leadership abroad. The 
women who have been "talking politics" are unlikely to be 
satisfied with a purely private persona. Their interest and 
experience may well be translated into support for women in 
a national legislature. 

This means that there are new phenomena to consider in 
assessing the possible future status of women, not that the 
nature of that status is clear: indeed, it is still in the process 
of being determined. While it seems safe to predict that the 
status of women will never again be precisely what it was 
before the intifada began, the impact of women's role in the 
intifada on their status cannot be assessed with any finality 
until the occupation and Intifada have ended. ■ 

T h 

P h 

1 m 


by Benjamin Ravid '57 

The expulsion of the Jews from 
Spain constituted a major trauma in 
Jewish life. It was characterized by 
the unanticipated uprooting of a 
community that had dwelled in its 
native land for over a millennium,- 
while representing a clear-cut end, 
the expulsion gave rise to many new 

Jews had inhabited the Iberian 
peninsula since the days of the 
pagan Roman Empire. But as 
Christian Spain became more 
settled and urbanized in the 1200s, 
the church became more powerful 
and assertive. The clergy urged that 
the general policy toward the Jews, 
formulated by international, 
national and local church councils, 
be implemented by secular 
authorities. This clerical agenda 
included introducing a special 
distinguishing badge, not 
necessarily yellow in color, as often 
assumed; forbidding Jews from 
holding public office or being in a 
position of authority over 
Christians as advisors, tax-collectors 
and the like, even from having 
Christian servants; restricting the 

construction of new synagogues; 
and demanding that the Jews be 
assigned segregated, compulsory 
quarters. Nevertheless, despite a 
certain ambivalence, the monarchs 
protected the Jews against excessive 
persecution out of financial self- 
interest, and continued to use the 
services of select individuals at their 

As religious and economic tensions 
built up, a chance combination of 
events in 1391 led to the watershed 
in the treatment and condition of 
the Jews in Christian Spain. A 
leading church figure in Castille had 
long been delivering violent 
sermons against the Jews, declaring 
falsely that the king would not 
oppose attacks on them. Then, King 
John I of Castille died. The crown 
prince was a minor and the regency 
was weak. Riots against Jews broke 
out in Seville, spread through 
Castille and then to Aragon. Jewish 
quarters were looted, property was 
destroyed, many Jews were killed 
and others were forced to convert to 
Christianity. When order was 
restored a year later, Spanish Jewry 
was shattered. The impoverished 
and decimated communities were 
faced with a huge task of 
reconstruction, in which they were 

helped to some extent by the 
monarchy, acting out of self- 
interest: even the reduced tax- 
revenue that the Jews could pay was 

At the time of the riots in 1391, the 
mobs had given the Jews the choice 
of conversion or death, or at least so 
intimidated them that conversion 
appeared attractive, and the 
pressures continued in the following 
decades; many Jews opted for 
conversion. Unfortunately we do 
not know how many nor the size of 
the Jewish population of 15th- 
century Spain. 

All Jews who converted were 
known as New Christians or 
Conversos. Many of them, again we 
have no idea how many, abandoned 
Judaism and became bona fide 
Christians. Others regretted their 
conversion and wanted to revert to 
Judaism. However, they faced a 
major problem: although Jews were 
subject to numerous restrictions, 
according to Christian theory, 
Judaism as a religion was legal, for 

26 Brandeis Review 

of a People 

Jews fell into the despised but 
legitimate category of infidels, who 
were to be tolerated in an inferior 
status in Catholic Europe. Yet, 
while the Catholic church taught 
that one should not convert Jews by 
force, nevertheless, once done, that 
conversion was valid and could not 
be reversed, since baptism was an 
indelible sacrament. Accortlingly for 
Christians, whether Old or New, to 
assume Judaism was forbidden, and 
anyone baptized into Christianity 
who adopted Judaism became a 

Socioeconomic tensions soon 
developed between the Old 
Christians and the New Christians. 
Many Old Christians resented the 
New as individuals who, liberated 
from all restrictions, were free to 
compete as equals. Additionally, 
Old Christians suspected that many 
of the New Christians were secretly 
Judaizing. These Judaizing New 
Christians were referred to as 
Mananos, a word that apparently 
meant "pig." In 1478, at the urging 
of Thomas de Torquemada, the 
confessor of Queen Isabella, the 
pope authorized the establishment 
of the Inquisition in Spain. Five 
years later, Torquemada was 
appointed inquisitor general. 

To ferret out Mananos, handboolcs 
describing the signs of Judaizing 
were compiled and circulated: be 
suspicious of homes where no 
smoke rose from chimneys on the 
Sabbath, or where a clean tablecloth 
and lighted candles appeared on that 
day; watch out for people who 
bought only live animals, 
presumably to slaughter according 
to Jewish law; suspect those who 
avoided pork and did not pvirchase 

The Inquisition, contraiy to popular 
belief, had no direct jurisdiction 
over professing Jews who did not 
overtly challenge Christianity, but 
only over Christians, Old and New 
alike, who were suspected of heresy. 
Its aim was to obtain confessions 
and then impose a penance to 
reconcile the accused to the church 
and save their immortal souls. If a 
confession were not forthcoming, 
then torture could be employed to 
obtain it. In the absence of a 
confession or for alleged serious 
second offenses, the penalty could 
be death. Since it was not proper for 
the church to put people to death, 
the Inquisition would hand the 
individuals over to secular 
authorities. Then, to avoid the 
shedding of blood, the condemned 
were bumed alive at the auto-da-fe. 

It became apparent that as long as 
Judaism was pennitted in Spain, 
New Christians who wished to 
maintam their ties to Judaism could 
find spiritual, material and 
institutional support from the 
numerous Jewish communities. 
Therefore, it was deemed necessary 
to eliminate totally the open 
observance of Judaism in Spain. 
Consequently, in March 1492, 
following the fall of Granada, the 
last Moorish bastion in Spain, 
Ferdinand and Isabella issued a 
decree requiring all Jews of Spain to 
leave within four months. 

The exact numbers of exiles and 
converts are a matter of scholarly 
dispute. Recent scholarship suggests 
that a higher proportion than 
previously assumed converted and 
additionally that some of the exiles 
subsequently returned to Spain to 
convert. While many Jews, 
including some of the educated and 

wealthy communal leaders, opted 
for conversion at the hour of 
decision, others chose to leave. 

The number of places to which Jews 
could emigrate was limited. The 
majority took the easiest option of 
overland routes, mainly to Portugal 
but also northward to Navarre and 
Provence, all of which provided only 
a brief respite. Far fewer embarked 
upon the more perilous sea voyages. 
They traveled to those few places on 
the Italian peninsula that would 
accept them, to North Africa and to 
the islands and mainland of the 
eastern Mediterranean, which was 
being consolidated under the 
Ottoman Empire. 

Whatever the number of Spanish 
Jews who reached the Ottoman 
Empire, their presence benefited its 

Jewish quarters were looted, 
property was destroyed, 
many Jews were killed and 
others were forced to convert 
to Christianity. 

relatively backward economy 
considerably. They were active in a 
wide range of activities, including 
almost every occupation, profession 
and craft, on all levels. 

The fate of the exiles in Portugal, 
where the majority went, was far 
more complex. King John of 
Portugal authorized 600 wealthy 
Spanish Jewish families to stay in 
his country for a large payment; 
others, in return for an entrance fee, 
were allowed to remain for eight 
months, by the end of which they 
were to depart at their own expense 
on ships to be provided by the 
government, or else become royal 
slaves. But the king did not provide 
adequate ships for them to leave, 
and those who remained without 
converting were enslaved. John died 
shortly afterward in 1495, and was 
succeeded by his brother 
Emmanuel. Emmanuel was 
concerned with developing the 
Portuguese economy and freed the 
Jewish slaves to become productive 
members of society. However, he 
wished to marry the daughter of 
Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain, and 
the princess was unwilling to 
consent unless the Jews were 
eliminated from Portugal. 

The number of places to 
which Jews could emigrate 
was limited. The majority 
took the easiest option of 
overland routes, mainly to 

Portugal but also northward 
to Navarre and Provence, 
all of which provided only a 
brief respite. 

Emmanuel allowed the dynastic 
consideration of uniting Spain and 
Portugal under his heirs to prevail, 
and in December 1496 ordered all 
Jews to leave Portugal by the end of 
October 1497 under penalty of 
death. But since he really wanted 
them to remain, he exerted pressure 
upon them to convert, baptizing all 
children between the ages of four 
and 14, and returning them to their 
parents only if the latter converted. 
Then, after limiting the ports of 
embarkation to three, he 
subsequently required all Jews to 
gather in Lisbon, thereby assuring 
that the available shipping would 
not be sufficient, and as soon as the 
deadline for departure passed, all 
those remaining were converted by 

As of 1497, Judaism was completely 
proscribed on the Iberian peninsula. 
Yet there was a profound difference 
between the situation in Spain and 
that in Portugal. In Spain, all those 
who had wished to remain Jews had 
been given the opportunity to leave. 

and if they desired to Judaize there 
afterward, they had to avoid 
detection by the Inquisition; in 
Portugal, however, entire families 
and indeed communities — many of 
whose members had left Spain to be 
able to observe Judaism freely — 
were converted by force, but there 
was no Inquisition to investigate 
conformity to their new religion. 

To placate these converts, 
Emmanuel promised them 
immunity from persecution on 
religious grounds for 20 years and in 
1512 this was extended. As in Spain, 
the Old Christians resented the 
New Christians because of their 
economic success in various 
activities from which they had been 
excluded as Jews, and also out of a 
not-unjustified sense that they were 
secretly Judaizing. Tensions 
increased, finally erupting in a 
major "pogrom" in Lisbon in 1506. 
The king severely punished the 
perpetrators and allowed New 
Christians to depart, but 
subsequently they were forbidden to 
leave. They were needed since they 
were not only the predominant 
element in the international 
commerce of Portugal, but also to a 
great extent assumed the role of the 
"middle class" in that 

underdeveloped country and 
especially helped with the royal 
finances and administration. The 
New Christians also entered the 
medical profession in great 
numbers, since the ordinances for 
ensuring purity of blood 
increasingly restricted them from 
careers in the public service and 
teaching at universities. At the 
same time, there were also poor 
New Christians who eked out a 
living as petty traders and artisans. 

Despite the efforts of the New 
Christians to prevent the 
establishment of the Inquisition in 
Portugal, it was finally authorized in 
1536. Emigration of New Christians 
from Portugal to Spain, where the 
Inquisition had slackened off its 
investigation of Judaizing 
somewhat, increased, and later was 
facilitated as Portugal was ruled by 
Spain from 1580 to 1640. Over the 
decades the pressure of the two 
Inquisitions induced many New 
Christians, especially those who 
were secretly Judaizing, to leave the 
Iberian peninsula. 

28 Brandeis Review 


Merchants often went via the major 
northern commercial center of 
Antwerp. But not all who left were 
merchants, although for them it was 
relatively easier to invest their 
assets in readily portable 
merchandise and letters of 
exchange; sldlled doctors could also 
find work in their new countries of 

For those New Christians desiring 
to leave the Iberian peninsula in the 
16th century, the two most 
attractive destinations were the 
Ottoman Empire and the Italian 
peninsula. The Ottoman Empire 
possessed one major advantage over 
the Italian peninsula, and indeed 
over anywhere in Christendom: it 
was an Islamic country whose ruler, 
the Sultan, was unconcerned that 
individuals who had been baptized 
into Christianity were becoming 
practicing Jews in his realm. Over 
the decades, Iberian immigrants 
trickled into the Ottoman Empire. 
While they were active in a wide 
range of activities as had been the 
Spanish exiles of 1492, they were 
most prominent as physicians and 
advisors at the court of the Sultan 
and in commerce. 

Geographically, the exiles spread 
throughout the numerous cities, 
towns and villages of the Ottoman 
Adriatic-Dalmatian and Aegean 
coasts, the Balkans, Anatolia, the 
eastern Mediterranean coast, such 
islands as Rhodes and North Africa. 
However, in the latter part of the 
1 6th centuiy and especially in the 
1 7th, the position of the Jews waned 
as the Ottoman Empire declined. 

In contrast, the Italian peninsula 
had not been as attractive a 
destination for the Spanish exiles of 
1492. Only a very few places were 
willing to receive them. In Rome 
and the papal states, the new Jewish 
immigrants appear primarily to 
have practiced medicine and 
operated loan banks. A score found 
a haven in Ferrara, where their 
leading families engaged in 
international trade. Those who 
sought refuge in the Kingdom of 
Naples, together with the long- 
indigenous Italian Jews of Sicily 
who had been expelled from there 

also in 1492 in imitation of the 
events of Spain, did not find peace 
for long; Naples was conquered by 
Spain in 1495, and all were 
compelled to leave between 1511 
and 1 54 1, but many opted for 

Later, during the course of the 1 6th 
century, the settlement of the 
Iberian New Christians who wished 
to assume Judaism on the Italian 
peninsula was encouraged by the 
establishment of the Inquisition in 
Portugal and facilitated by a new 
sense of rational raison d'etat on 
the part of various Italian 
authorities. They perceived Iberian 
New Christian merchants as being 
so important for their maritime 
commerce that they actually 
competed to attract them to their 

In 1514, Ancona began to offer 
favorable terms to attract these 
Levantine merchants, and after it 
became a part of the papal states in 
1532, the popes continued this 
policy, issuing safe-conducts 
inviting "all merchants of whatever 
nation, faith or sect, even if Turks, 
Jews or other infidels" to settle with 
their famiUes in Ancona; they added 
that the safe-conduct was also vahd 

Benjamin Ravid is Jennie 
and Mayei Weisman 
Professor of Jewish 
History and former cJiaii 
of tJie Department of Near 
Eastern and Judaic 
Studies. He received liis 
B.A., magna cum laude, in 
history from Brandeis and 
his Ph.D. from Harvard 

University. Before coming 
to Brandeis in 1973, he 
taught at McGUl 
University. His 
publications include 
Economics and Toleration 
in Seventeenth-Century 
Venice and over 25 
articles on the Jews of 
Venice. For the academic 
year 1986-87, he was a 
member of a research 
panel on Sephardi Jewish 

Communities after the 
Spanish Expulsion of 1492 
at the Institute for 
Advanced Studies of the 
Hebrew University. He 
has lectured on Sephardi 
and Italian Jewry 
throughout the United 
States, Europe and Israel. 

lor all persons coming from 
Portugal, even if "they were of 
Jewish origin, called New 
Christians," and moreover no 
official was to bother them with 
charges of heresy, apostasy or 
blasphemy, or to investigate their 
practices during the time that they 
had previously lived as Christians or 
anything else concerning their 
religion. However, in 1555, at the 
start of the Counter-Reformation, 
Pope Paul rv reversed the liberal 
papal policy. Rejecting the 
commercial raison d'etat of his 
predecessors, he had over two dozen 
Jews in Ancona burned on the 
grounds that they had relapsed from 
Christianity, and thereby ended the 
settling of Iberian Jews in Ancona. 

Events proceeded very differently in 
Venice, where there had not yet 
been an authorized Jewish 
community in 1492. The Repubhc 
maintained a protectionist pohcy 

that permitted only Venetians and 
also reciprocally Ottoman subjects 
to engage in trade with the Levant. 
In 1541 the Ottoman Jewish 
merchants, many of whom were 
presumably of Iberian origin, 
complained that they did not have 
enough room in the ghetto nuovo 
(the new ghetto). In response, the 
Venetian government, 
acknowledging that those Jews were 
importing the larger part of the 
merchandise coming from the 
Ottoman Balkans and realizing that 
it was necessary to make some 
concessions in order to compete 
with Ancona, assigned them 
additional quarters in the adjacent 
area known as the ghetto vecchio 
(the old ghetto). 

Meanwhile, the commerce of 
Venice with the eastern 
Mediterranean was declining. 
Consequently, in 1589, the 
Venetian government took the 
significant step of approving a 
charter submitted on behalf of 
"Jewish Levantine, Spanish and 
other merchants." This charter 
allowed Jewish merchants, 
including fornier Iberian New 
Christians, to settle in Venice for 10 
years and to trade with the Levant 
on the same terms as native 
Venetian subjects. 

These events in Venice did not go 
unnoticed elsewhere on the Italian 
peninsula. The Medicean Grand 
Dukes of Tuscany sought to 
augment their maritime commerce 
by creating a major trade center at 
Livorno, which possessed one major 
geographic asset: unlike Venice and 
Ancona, it was more conveniently 
located on the western side of Italy, 
directly across the Mediterranean 

30 Brandeis Review 

Whatever the number of 
Spanish Jews who reached 
the Ottoman Empire, their 

presence benefited its 
relatively backward 
economy considerably. 

from France and Spain. In 1591 
Grand Duke Ferdinand of Tuscany 
issued a charter known as "La 
Livomina." It basically remained in 
effect until Napoleon, and then 
again after him, until the end of the 
Grand Duchy of Livomo in I860. 
Although "La Livomina" formally 
invited "merchants of any nation, 
Levantine, Ponentine, Spanish, 
Portuguese, Greek, German and 
Italian, Jewish, Turkish, Moorish, 
Persian and others" to settle in 
Livomo and Pisa, its provisions 
clearly indicate that it was intended 
primarily to attract Jews and 
Judaizing New Christians. "La 
Livomina" contained the same 
basic privileges as the Venetian 
charter of 1589, but with very 
attractive additional ones, such as 
the right to engage in local retail 
trade, permission to purchase real 
estate and exemption from wearing 
signs that would distinguish Jews 
from their Christian neighbors. 
Furthermore, no provision was ever 
made for the establishment of a 
ghetto in Livomo or Pisa, even 
though some 20 years earlier, Jews 
had been required to live in one in 
Florence and Sienna. 

The course of events in Venice, and 
subsequently in Livomo, induced 
the popes to maintain and even 
extend their conciliatory policy 
toward the Jews — but no longer 
toward Iberian New Christians 
assuming Judaism — in Ancona for 
competitive commercial reasons. 
Consequently, as the 10-year 
Venetian charter of 1589 approached 
its expiration, the Senate renewed it 

for another 10 years, and 
subsequently every 10 years 
throughout the 1 7th century, and 
the Jews of Venice retained their 
special commercial privileges until 
the Venetian republic came to its 
endm 1797. 

In the meantime, as a consequence 
of the same considerations of laison 
d'etat, new Western Jewish centers 
were established by former Iberian 
New Christians. They increasingly 
prospered, and soon eclipsed those 
m the Mediterranean. First, after the 
Calvinist Netherlands threw off the 
yoke of Catholic Hapsburg Spain 
and emerged as Holland, 
Amsterdam provided a most 
welcome haven starting around 
1600. Then Protestant England with 
Its growing port of London became 
an attractive option after the 1650s. 
Southern France was another 
possibility: although one could not 
openly be a Jew there until around 
the end of the 1 7th century, the fact 
that there was no Inquisition there 
made residence attractive for those 
New Christians who either desired 
to escape potential harassment by 
the Iberian Inquisitions or else were 
satisfied to observe Judaism only in 
relative secrecy. Soon Portuguese 
crypto-Jewish New Christian 
communities emerged in southem 
France, especially in Bordeaux and 

A case of mercantilist raison d'etat, 
which was to have great 
significance, occurred in the New 
World. After the Dutch captured 
northeastern Brazil from the 
Portuguese in 1630, some Dutch 
Jews of Iberian origin settled in 
Dutch Brazil; when the Portuguese 
retook Brazil in 1654, they were 
required to leave. Most returned to 
Holland, but some went to Dutch 
New Amsterdam. Peter Stuyvesant, 

the Dutch governor, wrote to the 
directors of the Dutch West Indies 
Company in Amsterdam expressing 
his desire that "the deceitful race — 
such hateful enemies and 
blasphemers of the name of 
Christ — be not allowed further to 
infect and trouble this new colony." 

The Iberian Jews of Amsterdam 
responded with a petition 
requesting that the new Jewish 
arrivals be allowed to stay in New 
Amsterdam. Among other things, 
they claimed that the greater the 
population of New Amsterdam, 
"the better it is. regard to the 
payment of various excises and 
taxes. ..and in regard to the increase 
of trade." The arguments of Jewish 
merchants of Old Amsterdam were 
heeded and the Jews were allowed 
to stay in New Amsterdam. Thus, 
the same considerations of 
commercial and fiscal raison d'etat 
that led to the admission of the 
Iberian Jewish merchants to various 
Mediterranean jurisdictions and 
elsewhere in Westem Europe also 
were invoked in the New World, 
and thus started what was to 
become the Jewish community of 
the United States of America. ■ 

Anyone who has to place a friend or family 
member in a residential care facility quickly 
becomes aware of the role and function of the 
direct care worker. Whether the facility is a 
home for the retarded, the autistic or the 
emotionally disturbed, a psychiatric 
institution or a nursing home, the direct care 
worker is the person performing the daily 
tasks, such as bathing, feeding, toileting, 
dressing and supervising. 

A New Program 
for Direct 
Care Practice 

by Patricia Gordon 
Lamanna '69 

Most of the resident's time is spent in the care 
of these workers. In contrast, the time spent 
in treatment is usually limited to no more 
than a few hours per day, at most. To be sure, 
direct care workers are frequently informed of 
the treatment plans of the clients under their 
supervision, and requested to follow up on the 
orders issued by treatment teams consisting 
of psychiatrists, psychologists and other 
specialists. However, most direct care 
workers are ill-prepared to implement these 
plans, having had little formal training or 
education in these fields. Those workers who 
do have the ability to carry out a treatment 
plan often feel frustrated and unappreciated, 
as they are not consulted or given 
opportunities to offer their own insights or 
suggestions as to how their clients should be 
cared for. 

The low salaries paid to these workers and the 
fact that their contributions are neither 
solicited nor respected drives many from the 
field. Those who remain in direct care work 
are forced to go from one agency to another in 
search of small salary increases, resulting in a 
high turnover rate and, in many cases, inferior 
care for clients. 

The problem is nationwide. While there is no 
systematic, uniform attempt to ensure that 
direct care workers remain unskilled, most 
residential treatment facilities in this country 
operate according to a "top down" model 
whereby an executive director oversees 
several layers of middle managers, who in 
tum supervise the direct care workers, giving 
them little responsibility either in terms of 
accountability or autonomy. The result, in 

New York state for example, is a 50 percent 
turnover of direct care workers, with most 
staying in the field less than two years. 

In 1989, a group of agencies, human services 
educators and concerned individuals based in 
New York's Mid-Hudson Valley region met to 
address this problem. The agencies included a 
school for autistic and emotionally disturbed 
children; a home for children from 
dysfunctional families; several homes for 
disturbed adolescents; several facilities 
serving the retarded; and two county-wide 
mental health agencies. Also present were 
representatives from Dutchess Community 
College, the State University of New York at 
New Paltz, Marist College and other 
educational institutions. The individual 
members included direct care workers and 
parent/advocates of institutionalized children. 

The relationship among the institutions of 
higher learning and community service 
agencies has always been close in the Mid- 
Hudson Valley. Human service workers 
frequently move into positions in academia, 
either full-time or as adjuncts, while 
continuing to work in the field. Many 
academics serve as consultants or as board 
members for community agencies. All of the 
schools utilize community agencies as field 
internship sites for social work, mental 
health, child care and human sei-vices 
programs. This ongoing relationship between 
educational institutions and human service 
agencies facilitated communication and 
collaboration in this endeavor. 

People in attendance at that first meeting 
experienced the problems outlined above on a 
day-to-day basis. These professionals, who 
had devoted their careers to helping people in 
need, were constantly plagued by the high 
turnover rate and lack of competence on the 
part of direct care staff at their agencies. They 
were acutely aware of the pivotal role that 
direct care workers play in their clients' lives, 
and of the potential wealth of information 
about clients' needs and behaviors that could 
be provided by caring, trained workers. They 
agreed that previous attempts to resolve the 
problem, such as in-service training within 
each agency or tuition reimbursement for 
workers interested in furthering their formal 
education, only served to increase the already 
intolerable tumover rate. It seemed that the 
system itself required a radical overhaul if the 
needs of the client population were to be met. 

Fortunately, it was not necessary for the Mid- 
Hudson Coalition for the Development of 
Direct Care Practice, as it named itself, to 
"reinvent the wheel" in order to come up 
with a more workable system of service 
delivei7. Several members of the Coalition 
had been to Europe and studied the European 
systems of training for direct care work. Some 
of the agencies had hosted field interns from 

32 Brandeis Review 

Scandinavian countries. They were aware that 
in Europe, direct care workers hold the U.S. 
equivalent of a bachelor's degree and must 
apply for government certification before they 
can work with clients. The workers, referred 
to as "social pedagogues" or "educateurs," are 
seen, as their titles imply, as "teachers" of 
their charges and not merely custodians. They 
play an active role on the treatment team, 
consulting with specialists, keeping records 
on their clients' progress, staying in touch 
with parents or other relatives. This type of 
worker is often referred to in this country as a 

Needless to say, these trained generalists are 
better paid than our direct care workers; 
however, the need for several layers of 
supervisors is eliminated, making the system 
more cost effective in the long nin. Whereas 
in the United States as many as six 
organizational layers may lie between client 
and executive director, in Denmark, for 
example, there are often only two. 
Furthermore, the need for constant retraining 
of new workers is greatly reduced, as the 
average worker remains on the job far 
longer — 15 years in Denmark as opposed to 
six months in the United States. 

The Mid-Hudson Coalition focused on 
Denmark as its model because Danish 
professionals had been working in the Mid- 
Hudson region on an exchange program and 
were available for consultation. Of course, 
there are variations from one European 
country to another, but the basic philosophy 
inherent in the European model is essentially 
the same, and stands in stark contrast to the 
philosophy that drives most American 
institutions. As Margaret Calista, director of 
the Social Work Program at Marist College 
and a Coalition member puts it, "Our 
institutions are stmctured to maintain the 
institution, providing basically custodial or 
management-oriented care, hi the European 
model, they are client-centered." Mary Lou 
Delia Guardia, chair of the Child Care and 
Family Services Program at Dutchess 
Community College, a program that is 
moving toward the European method of 
training for direct care work, agrees: "In 
Europe the clients are understood. In the 
United States they are managed and 

Another major philosophical difference is the 
"holistic" approach advanced in Europe 
versus the "fragmented" approach commonly 
used here. In the United States, a group of 
specialists determines a treatment plan for a 
client; however, each member of the group is 
responsible for implementing only one part of 
that plan. In the generahst model, as Calista 
states, "someone is willing to take 

Patricia Gordon Lamanna was 
graduated magna cum laude from 
Brandeis with a B.A. in sociology, 
and received tier M.S.W. from 
Hunter College Graduate School of 
Social Work in community 
organization and planning. Since 
then, she has served as a 
consultant for a home care agency, 
providing social services to home 
care patients, and has taught 

Those workers who 
do have the ability to 
carry out a treatment 
plan often feel 
frustrated and 
unappreciated, as 
they are not 
consulted or given 
opportunities to offer 
their own insights 
or suggestions as to 
how their clients 
should be cared for. 

Systematic Training for Effective 
Parenting (STEP) to parent 
groups. She is currently the field 
lab supervisor for field interns 
enrolled in the ll/lental Health 
Assistant Program and teaches 
the Field Practicum Seminar at 
Dutchess Community College in 
Poughkeepsie. Lamanna 
previously worked at Marist 
College in Poughkeepsie, 
assisting the director of field 
work, and her paper, "A Working 
Model ofaBSW Program at a 
Maximum Security Correctional 
Facility, " was published in 
Selected Papers from the 22nd 
Annual Conference of the New 
York State Social Work Education 

In Europe, direct 
care workers hold 
the U.S. equivalent 
of a bachelor's 
degree and 
must apply for 
certification before 
they can work 
with clients. 

responsibility for the whole." There is also no 
division between custodial care and 
treatment. Those responsible for custodial 
care also deliver treatment, in the sense that 
they choose the appropriate forms of therapy 
and follow through on the recommendations 
of the specialists involved in the client's 
treatment. This results in a more highly 
integrated level of care for the client. 

Frank Mulhem is chair of the Mid-Hudson 
Coalition for Direct Care Practice and 
executive director of the Anderson School, a 
residence for autistic and emotionally 
disturbed children. He has begun to change 
the stmcture within his own agency to reflect 
the philosophy and structure of European 
agencies that he has observed on several study 
tours. He points out that "empowerment of 
staff means empowerment of clients." 
Through pilot projects, he has slowly 
introduced higher levels of responsibility for 
some of his direct care workers, allowing 
them to work out their own schedules, and to 
include time during the work day for 
noncustodial duties such as contacting 
clients' families, scheduling appointments 
and doing paperwork. The result has been 
lower turnover among staff assigned to the 
pilot programs and a noticeable improvement 
in the clients. 

Effecting a fundamental change in an agency's 
way of doing business is not an easy task. 
While the goal is eventually to reduce the 
number of middle-management positions, 
this must be done without undue sacrifice to 
dedicated, skilled practitioners, who have 
worked hard to achieve those positions. 
Unions and negotiated contracts often come 
into play; government regulations regarding 
staffing patterns must be adhered to; and one 
must come up with the money to hire skilled 
direct care practitioners and find a way to 
train people for these newly-created generalist 

Frank Mulhem, 
chair of the Mid- 
Hudson Coahtion 
for Direct Care 
Practice and 
executive director 
of the Anderson 
School, a residence 
tor autistic and 
disturbed children 

This last problem was addressed by the State 
University of New York-New Paltz campus, 
which was represented on the Coalition by 
members of the sociology department. After 
extensive consultation, the department 
proposed that it offer a degree program in 
sociology with an emphasis in direct care, 
modeled after the type of education provided 
by the Seminaries of Social Pedagogy in 
Denmark. Students would take a general 
liberal arts program, with some additional 
social science courses, in the first two years of 
college. Specialization in the direct care 
concentration would begin in the third year, 
and culminate in a bachelor's degree with a 
major in sociology and an emphasis in direct 
care. The training would include field 
internships at local agencies employing the 
new model, in addition to courses in 
psychology, sociology, special education and 

The decision to locate the direct care program 
in the sociology department was made partly 
as a result of the personal experiences of a 
member of that department. This professor 
had a family member who spent many years 
as an inpatient at various institutions. He felt 
convinced that the inappropriate, indifferent 
care she received from many of the direct care 
workers caused her to "regress substantially 
very quickly." He wanted to be personally 
involved in a project that would improve the 
training and level of competency of such 
workers. As he pointed out, "Institutions are 
trying to do a better job. They simply have to 
have a better-trained staff to do it." 

Beginning in the late 1980s, several European 
professionals visited the Mid-Hudson region 
to share their perspective on direct care 
practice and the role and training of the 
generalist. The collaboration among these 
professionals, local agencies and the colleges 
that participated in the Coalition laid the 
groundwork for a coordinated effort to train 
American generalists for work in residential 
settings and to restructure agencies in order to 
provide internship sites and jobs for those 

hi September 1991, a group of Coalition 
members, including three college professors, 
three agency executives and a representative 
of New York state's Office of Mental 
Retardation/Developmental Disabilities, 
traveled to Denmark to observe their 
programs and meet with Danish educators. 
During this trip, the participants began to 
develop a curriculum adapting the Danish 
social pedagogy training program to the 
requirements of the American educational 
system, and to the practice needs of the field. 
An agreement with the Danish Ministry of 
Education was developed whereby a Danish 
professor of social pedagogy would spend a 
year at the campus of SUNY-New Paltz to 

34 Brandeis Review 

teach seminars, oversee the field internships 
and train American professors in his methods. 
The funding will come from a variety of 
sources, including foundations, state and 
federal government agencies, perhaps private 
industry and possibly the Danish government. 

The degree program in sociology with an 
emphasis in direct care will be offered at 
SUNY-New Paltz for the first time in 
September 1992. Sixteen third-year American 
students have been chosen to pilot this two- 
year program. Some of the students spent 
their first two years at New PaltZ; some come 
from the field — direct care workers interested 
in furthering their education and 
professionalizing their occupation. Two are 
graduates of the Child Care and Family 
Services Program at Dutchess Community 
College. Efforts are under way to coordinate 
the training of students in this latter program 
with the Bachelors in Direct Care being 
offered at New Paltz. This should result in a 
pool of workers trained at the associate's 
degree level who can work comfortably 
within the generalist model, as well as a 
smooth transition for those who choose to 
continue their education beyond the 
associate's level. 

The challenge for agencies in the Mid-Hudson 
Valley at this point is to transform 
themselves into generalist-model institutions 
in time to accept the interns that will be 
training with them. It's a circular situation — 
how can one find generalists to train the 
students, when the profession of "generalist" 
does not currently exist? Some 20 agencies 
have written to the sociology department at 
SUNY-New Paltz commending it for 
establishing the program, offering themselves 
as field placement sites and giving assurance 
that jobs for graduates of the program would 
be available at salaries commensurate with 
bachelor's-level training. In doing so, they 
have agreed to become pioneers in uncharted 
territory. The introduction of this new 
professional will mean a different role for 
agency administrators and for specialists from 
other fields, requiring a profound 
restructuring of the organizational flow chart. 
The precise nature of the changes, and how 
they will translate into improved care of 
clients, is unknown as yet. The European 
model has proven successful in countries with 
populations far smaller than our own; with a 
vei7 different system of payment for social 
services; and with a different attitude toward 
entitlements and provision of services to the 
needy. Adapting this model to the American 
style of doing things should prove interesting 
and challenging. 

In addition to bureaucratic impediments, 
there are the very human responses that 
inevitably slow progress, but are legitimate 
and must be dealt with. Specialists, such as 
teachers, social workers, therapists and 
others, will ask: "Where does all this leave 
me? If the direct care workers are trained to 
teach the clients, to discuss their problems 
with them, to contact relatives and other 
agencies on their behalf, will this mean that 
I'm out of a job? Will this mean that clients 

Some students and 
faculty in the 
SUNY-New Paltz 
direct caie practice 
concentration at a 

will tum to their 'generalist' and not to me 
when they need help?" Such concerns, if not 
recognized and acknowledged as reasonable, 
could cause some staff at an agency to 
sabotage the attempts of the administration to 
put the new system into place. 
Administrators have to be able to listen to 
their staff and assuage their fears, realizing 
that what is best for the client must also be 
made best for the employees in order for it to 
work. Mulhem's experience has been that 
"initial resistance breaks down over time" — 
as long as the change comes in small, 
carefully planned increments and staff is 
involved in every phase. 

Change is always painful, and often involves 
risk. In this particular case, however, the 
benefits are so clear that it is hard to imagine 
that anyone familiar with the current state of 
affairs in residential treatment facilities 
would not consider the generalist model to be 
an improvement, well worth the effort 
required to adopt it. The Mid-Hudson 
Coalition's proposal is a modest one, but 
change must start somewhere. The hope is 
that, once word of this new model gets out, 
the idea will spread throughout the New York 
State University system and, ultimately, 
nationwide. This article is in part an effort in 
that direction, and the author welcomes any 
response from readers, particularly news of 
similar programs elsewhere. As the Coalition 
states in their proposal, "In essence, the 
solution suggests a transformation of our 
existing culture of care through the 
development of an education for direct care 
workers and their future influence within the 
field." ■ 

Another major 
difference is the 
'holistic" approach 
advanced in 
Europe versus 
the "fragmented" 
commonly used 

Christopher Columbus 
in History 
and the Novel 

by Benigno Sanchez-Eppler 

Whether we join in the celebration 
of the quincentenary of Columbus's 
Bahamian landfall, or whether we 
protest it with a critical observance 
of 500 years of European 
imperialism and genocide, 
somehow we have to become 
acquainted with the figure of 
Christopher Columbus. As an 
educator helping students to 
sharpen their reading and writing, I 
try to turn every bit of usable 
hoopla into a pedagogical 
opportunity. The polemical heat 
generated by the quincentennial 
prods us to reflect on the need for 
evaluating the historical figure of 
Christopher Columbus. 

The figure of Columbus has been 
developed in a variety of texts, from 
his own administrative 
correspondence, daily navigational 
records and litigation papers to the 
reports about him by court 
ambassadors and correspondents; 
from history written by medieval, 
renaissance and romantic 
practitioners of rhetorical and 
narrative arts to more positivist 
history with its method for 
"objectively" recording the past. 
Also, Columbus crossed over into 
Hterature as a character in a list of 
works that starts with a 1 7th- 
century drama by Lope de Vega, and 
continues into the 20th century 
with a play by Paul Claudel. 

Two recent Latin American novels, 
with their iconoclastic edge, vividly 
illustrate the post-modernistic trend 
to deny all authoritative claim to 
objectivity. In Los perros del paiaiso 
(1987; translated as The Dogs of 
Paradise, 1989), the Argentinean 
novelist Abel Posse constructs an 
historical nightmare where 

indigenous American leaders 
discuss the downside of their project 
to invade Europe, and Columbus's 
first westbound fleet is depicted 
dodging all the traffic in the North 
Atlantic that this very voyage 

The reader should be ready for a 
juggling act of anachronistic 
hallucinations: Columbus steers 
past the Mayflower and 
innumerable slavers, the SS emerges 
in Castile, Nietzsche and Borges 
exchange prophetic accusations 
with Columbus who appears to be 
monomaniacally disabled by his 
obsession with finding and 
possessing Paradise in the newly 
discovered lands. While Columbus 
(the Edenic escapist), Bartolome de 
Las Casas (the militant Christian 
philanthropist and defender of the 
Indians) and Ulrico Nietz (the 
radical God-is-dead humanist) find 
themselves at loggerhead over 
higher prmciples, the gold- and 
slave-grabbing conquistadores unite 
to take control of the colonial 
enterprise. The modem world is 
thus founded on the very ruins of 
Paradise, Christian charity and the 
dignity of radical humanism. 
Posse's antihistorical craftsmanship 
resorts to an anachronistic 
simultaneity of events usually 
deployed chronologically in more 
conventional narrations, thus 
pointing to a whirl of relationships 
between deeds of Columbus and 
their possible repercussions 
throughout the last 500 years. 

Benigno Sanchez-Eppler 
was born in Cuba 
and emigrated to Ecuador 
before coming to the 
United States as a 
teenager. He received his 
B.A. from Williams 
College magna cum laude 
with High Honors in 
Spanish, and two years 
later received a B.A. in 
modern and medieval 
languages from 
Cambridge University 
with Class I Honors. He 
earned an M.Phil, in Latin 
American Studies from 
Cambridge University 
and a Ph.D. in Hispanic 
studies from fohns 
Hopkins. He has received 


Before Posse, Cuban novelist Alejo 
Carpentier, in El arpa y la sombra 
(1979; translated as The Harp and 
the Shadow. 1990) had already 
provided an unabashed 
antihistorical narrative. Carpentier's 
way of telling Columbus's story 
shows how a novelist can fomi, re- 
form or deform an historical 
character to provide a new lens for 
reading history and the documents 
on which such histories are based. 
Carpentier's novel chronicles the 
failed attempt to canonize 
Christopher Columbus, juxtaposing 
two related but very different 
historical documents of the late 
15th century of Columbus's voyages 
and of the 19th century when the 
Vatican and a group of historians 
attempted to produce Columbus as 
a truly global saint. As a remarkable 
structural strategy to reveal how 
iconography develops, Carpentier 
crafts his text in the shape of a 
triptych: one larger central panel 

36 Brandeis Review 



nn award fiom the 
National Endowment for 
the Humanities, the 
Herohel Smith 
Scholarship and a Mellon 

Sdnchez-Eppler, assistant 
professor of Latin 
American studies and 
comparative literature 
and Manheimer Term 
Assistant Professor, 
mined the Brandeis 
faculty in 1 989 and has 
since developed a wide 
array of courses in Latin 
American literature and 
cultural studies. He 
recently began teaching a 
course, Columbus: 
Encounters and 
Inventions, inspired by 
participation in a 

National Endowment for 
the Humanities Faculty 
Institute on "Early Latin 
American Texts. " 

Among his publications are 
two book-length studies 
of the work of Cuban 
author fose Lezama Lima 
and the relationship 
between the author's 
poetics and his 
participation in cultural 
production beyond the 
poem. He is now 
conducting a study of 
homosexuality and Cuban 
national identity in the 
literary works of gay 
political dissident and exile 
Reinaldo Arenas. 

depicting the image of the hero, the 
possible saint, flanked by two 
correspondingly smaller panels that 
show the main proponent of the 
canonization — Pope Pius IX — on the 
left, and the melee of historians 
pushing for Columbus's 
canonization on the right. 

The first of its three parts offers a 
brilliant hut controversial idea that 
had obsessed Pius ever since his 
visit to America as a young canon: 
"It was necessary to make a saint of 
Christopher Columbus for many 
reasons, reasons of faith as much as 
politics" (p. 8). Thus the canonizers 
themselves, more than the potential 
candidate for sanctification, emerge 
as the real subjects in the 
canonization. This critique of the 

succession of historical operations 
that made possible the secular 
enshrinement of Columbus, also 
invites us to ask how we invest 
anybody, from the past or the 
present, with hero, founder, saint or 
icon status. 

The novel's central chapter — the 
large panel of the triptych, the 
image of the "saint" — consists of 
Carpentier's fabricated transcript of 
the last confession by which 
Columbus intended to come clean, 
but which he never quite managed 
to deliver to his confessor. The 
confession turns the reader into an 
eavesdropper on a self-denunciation 
that no one else ever heard. The 
stoiy is handed over to a first person 
narrator at the brink of death, a 
character momentarily possessed by 
the need to discredit all his 
previously self-serving 

autobiographic or official statement, 
and by extension, the lot of the 
pious historical accounts. The 
confession lampoons the foibles of a 
compulsive liar, and lies that grow 
until they just have to prove 
themselves true. Carpentier 
capitalizes on the comic 
possibilities of having Columbus 
himself be the one who debunks 
that inflated perception of himself 
and his enterprise that he did so 
much to set on course. 

In the third and final panel of the 
novel, Carpentier's Columbus 
becomes a disembodied shadow 
who haunts the halls of the Vatican 

English language fragments from The 
Dogs of Paradise, by Abel Posse 

Dn the shor 

t(i eavesdrop on the proceedings 
where his canonization is proposed 
and challenged. The hilarity of this 
section depends on the counterpoint 
of Columbus's depressive concern 
with the future of his image, while 
he witnesses the disorderly conduct 
of the motley crew of historians, 
proponents and detractors as they 
fight over the admiral's merits and 

In this satire on the very conduct of 
history, the reader witnesses the 
pathos of Columbus's shadow, 
complaining that the statues to be 
built in his honor will not look like 
him, and that "man does not live by 
statues alone" (p. 157). The end of 
the novel equates the dissolution of 
the shadow of Columbus with that 

process by which a succession of 
historical narratives — inaugurated 
with his own attempts to assert a 
heroic persona — enshrines a figure 
that has little if anything to do with 
his real self. 

Carpentier's novel drives home 
something we can learn by 
observing the latest history: the 
newest version tends to qualify or 
disable the previous one, based on 
the authority of some new evidence 
or some improved historiographical 
method. Since we have no 
incontestable access to what 
actually happened, since we cannot 
actually get in touch with 
Columbus's presence, all that 
remains is the multiplicity of 

If we organize our reacquaintance 
with Columbus in the manner 
suggested here, we abandon any 
residual faith in the ultimate 
reliability of any historical account. 
We can therefore experience 
Columbus as a gallery of characters 
in a succession of narratives. Instead 
of debating the truth or falsity of 
this or that report, the gallery 
ipproach will invite readers to 
reflect on how different texts 
represent him, even nonfiction 

Any exposure to the gallery of 
characters created around the figure 
of Columbus should begin with a 
reading of the Admiral's self- 
representations in his own papers. 
The Four Voyages of Columbus 
(translated and edited with 
introduction and notes by Cecil 
Jane) contains Columbus's letters 
and memoranda to the court, along 
with other narratives and legal 
depositions left by other 
participants in expeditions. These 
are the first narratives by which a 
variety of observers, and primarily 
Columbus himself, attempted to 

represent for Europeans both the 
nature of the lands and people and 
the hardships they experienced 
during exploration and early 

To appreciate the reaction of Europe 
to the news of discovery contained 
in Columbus's first letter (1493), 
note that by the end of 1494 the 
letter had been printed and 
published in at least four Spanish 
versions, nine editions of a Latin 
translation, three versions of Italian 
prose and one rendition in Italian 
verse. Columbus waivers between 
asking for just rewards for his 
unprecedented initiative and asking 
for recognition as a mere tool of 
royal mandate or divine providence. 
He is extremely concerned with the 
formal description of the repeated 
ceremonies for taking possession of 
land for Spain, and fulfilling the 
requirements of the juridical 
stipulations of emerging 
international law with respect to 
the act of establishing possession of 
previously unclaimed territories 
(though, of course, denying even the 
possibility of any claim to those 
lands by their indigenous 
inhabitants). Columbus carefully 
accumulates in his texts 
descriptions of what he finds: land 
turns into landscape, savages into 
potential Christians or slaves, 
hardly any gold into promise of 
more gold. His own report provides 
for us a Columbus who 
superimposes on what he 
encounters the desires of what he 
and Europe might have wanted or 
needed to see, turning what Europe 
lacked into what Europe could own 
as property or accept as meaning. 

Columbus's own memorandum 
about his second voyage and the 
interlinear responses of the Cathohc 
sovereigns provide the first graphic 
example of the difficulties in 
exercising colonial power by mail. 
This memo and its answers 
comprise the first transatlantic 
administrative dialogue, which was 
to become the mainstay and major 
stumbling block to an orderly 
administration of far-flung domains. 
Here Columbus presents himself as 

38 Brandeis Review 

a saint of plane 

an administrator and tries to give 
shape, first of all, to his relationship 
with the monarchs. While 
Columbus depicts himself as an 
essential tool in spreading 
Christianity and portrays the 
churchmen in the enterprise as 
something of an obstacle to 
administration, the laconic 
responses of the sovereigns identify 
where Columbus's desires agree or 
conflict with royal designs. Often 
enough the items of the memo are 
received with a brief: "He has done 
well" or "So it shall be done" or 
"Don Juan de Fonseca is to provide 
for this." But at times Columbus's 
viceregal initiatives are parried with 
a call for more deliberations or, at 
times, bluntly interdicted. Asking 
to be sent more supplies, Columbus 
suggests: "Payment for these things 
could be made. slaves, from 
among these cannibals, a people 
very savage and suitable for the 
purpose, and well made and of very 
good intelligence. ..And further, on 
these slaves which they carry their 
highnesses could levy a duty there." 
The sovereigns' responses — always 
interlinear and in italics — "As to 
this, the matter has been postponed 
for the present... until another 
voyage has been made from there, 
and let the admiral write that 
which occurs to him concerning 
this matter" (p. 92). 

In Columbus's account of his third 
voyage, another letter for Ferdinand 
and Isabella, the beleaguered 
administrator of Hispaniola turns 
into the apologist for all his 
previous efforts and failures. Under 
the weight of not having delivered 
on his promises to the supporters of 
his enterprise, he changes registers 
to represent himself not as a 
successful merchant or colonial 
administrator, but as the Discoverer 
of Paradise. In a later report from 

the same voyage, Columbus comes 
to terms with the depths of his 
disgrace. This letter to the nurse of 
the Crown Prince stands as his most 
intimate exercise in self-portraiture. 
Columbus details the uprising 
against him in Hispaniola, and his 
subsequent return to Spain as a 
prisoner. He frames his new status 
as fallen from grace — royal or 
divine — to enhance his standing as a 
hero, now with pathetic or tragic 
overtones, thus providing one of the 
most moving authorial maneuvers 
in his succession of self- 

The Diario of Christopher 
Columbus's First Voyage to 
America, abstracted by Bartolome 
de Las Casas, is another Columbian 
masterpiece of self- writing. The 
joumal of the first voyage has itself 
produced a great deal of speculation 
about the creation of Columbus as a 
character. Las Casas's transcription 
of this day-by-day account of the 
first voyage is perhaps the closest 
we can come to being there, not just 
in the westward ships, but also 
looking over the shoulder of 
Columbus as he was writing it all 
down, and being there also looking 
over the shoulder of Fray Bartolome 
de Las Casas as he was reading and 
culling from the admiral's daily 
report, the original of which has not 
yet been found. The figure of the 
mariner becomes more and more 
complicated; he keeps for himself 
one tally of the distances traveled 
and another tally for his crew,- he 
has to cajole his companions to 
keep going west; he kidnaps native 
interpreters; and obsessively seeks 
for gold that he is always just about 
to find. The reader wonders to what 
extent this figure is a creation of 
Columbus himself, and to what 
extent he is a creation of Fray 
Bartolome de Las Casas, that family 
friend who was as interested in 
upholding the worth of Columbus — 
whose stock had gone down — as he 
was dedicated to documenting his 
denunciations against those 
genocidal conquistadores. the first 



AND T H E v.. 

English language fragments from The 
Harp and the Shadow, by Alejo 

pagar en 

of which — Las Casas reahzes as he 
reads and culls — could have been 
Columbus himself. 

Las Casas gives us his historical 
reworking of the figure of 
Columbus, inside a narrative 
polemically poised against the more 
officially acceptable accounts of 
16th-century Spanish historians like 
Oviedo and Gomara. Las Casas's 
accounts, entwined with his 
denunciations of the genocidal 
treatment of the Amerind 
population, very early in the 16th 
century became one of the seminal 
texts of Northern European 
histories of the Spanish conquest, 
the so-called Black Legend. In this 
trajectory Columbus's actions 
remained somewhat tainted, a stain 
which came to be removed — in 
English at any rate — with the work 
of North American historians in the 
19th century. 

Washington kving's massive four- 
volume Life and Voyages of 
Columbus (1828) stands as the most 
influential 19th-century 
biographical account of Columbus. 
Constructed with access to the 
then-recently rediscovered 
Columbian journals and papers, 
here is a life's story that this literary 
master would not have wanted us to 
confuse with any of his fictional 
contributions, and that, 
nevertheless, illustrates more 
clearly than most the similarities 
between the creation of a fictional 
character, and the elaboration of 
detail by which a historical 
character is made "real" or 


In the 20th century, Samuel Eliot 
Morison stands quite comfortably as 
the heir of the major narrative 
historians of the previous century. 
Christopher Cohmihus, Mariner is 
Morison's own 1954 abridgment of 
his Admiral of the Ocean Sea: A 
Life of Christopher Columbus. The 
year 1942 — the digital anagram of 
1492 — saw the simultaneous 
launching of Admiral in two 
versions: the two-volume edition 
with a fully deployed 
historiographical rigging and a one- 
volume edition without notes that 
won the Pulitzer Prize for 

Entering the world of Morison's 
Mariner, the reader confronts 
passages where the historian's 
imagination provides a clearer 
image of events, a more textured 
sense of materials, physical 
processes and feelings than anyone 
could possibly find in the 
documentary record. From the 
outset, Morison's central image of 
Columbus as a sailor functions to 
stmcture the facts that make the 
story. One wonders to what extent 
the sailor Columbus amounts to the 
projection of Morison the sailor: 
"After reading almost everything on 
the subject that was in print 
[Morison] reached the conclusion 
that what Columbus wanted was a 
sailor biographer, one who knew 
ships and sailing and who had 
visited, under sail, the islands and 
mainland that he discovered" (p.vii). 

The struggle with Columbuses 
keeps boiling. For example, 
Kirkpatrick Sale's The Conquest of 
Paradise, charged with a present day 
counterimperialist and ecological 
focus, is an exciting reading 
precisely because of its polemical 
tone. Those who disagree with the 
generalized debunking of the heroic 
or iconographical status of 
Columbus should fmd it as thought- 
provoking as those who agree with 
it. Sale's narrative does not blame 
Columbus alone for all the 
demographic and ecological 
disasters occasioned by European 

expansion, but points to 
Columbus's actions and attitudes as 
inaugurally emblematic of every 
one of its repercussions. 

How far can we argue that every 
society at every historical juncture 
needs to erect for itself the images 
of heroes such as Columbus, 
Discoverer and Civilizer, and 
images of antiheroes such as 
Columbus, the Genocidal Destroyer 
of American ecological, cultural and 
spiritual order? Historians 
themselves, with their successions 
of revisions and what they hope 
amount to progressively better 
accounts of what happened, are the 
first to acknowledge the problem of 
truth-claims of any one history: the 
older the history, or the more 
eccentric the focus of the historian, 
the more problems historians from 
the present or from the center will 
find with the presentation. 

If Don Quixote went mad fusing his 
responses to history [historia] and 
his responses to story (also historia), 
we are recommending a madness 
that reverses his. I am not as 
interested in demythologizing, say, 
the figure of Columbus, as I am in 
framing an invitation to the study of 
the succession of myths spun 
around even one figure for a variety 
of cultural reasons in a variety of 
cultural settings. Treating those 
myths, together with whatever may 
still stand in our moment as our 
cluster of truth about Columbus, 
and discussing their 
superimposition as a gallery of 
characters in a succession of 
narratives, may actually tell us 
something about the way we turn 
stories into history, or about the 
way we understand our history by 
telling stories. ■ 

Spanish language fragments from The 
Four Voyages of Christopher Columbus, 
Cecil Jane, ed. 

40 Brandeis Review 




Robert H. Abeles, William 
P. Jencks 

and Perry A. Frey 
Abeles is Aron and Imre 
Tauber Professor of 
Biocfiemistry and Molecular 
Pharmacology and Jencks is 
Gyula and Katica Tauber 
Professor of Biochemistry 
and Molecular 


Jones and Bartlett Publishers 

This textbook is based on a 
mechanistic rather than a 
descriptive approach to 
biochemistry and is 
organized to allow a natural 
transition from organic 
chemistry to biochemistry, 
with the biochemical 
systems presented in order of 
increasing chemical 
complexity to ease the 
comprehension of 
biochemical principles. 
Using over 500 illustrations, 
sidebars of material not 
essential to understandmg 
the text but of possible 
interest to students and 
chapter summaries, this text 
is appropriate for a one- 
semester or full-year course 
in biochemistry. 

Mary B. Campbell 

assistant professor of English 

The Witness and the Other 
World: Exotic European 
Travel Writing. 400-1600 
Cornell University Press 

Surveying exotic travel 
writing in Europe from late 
antiquity to the age of 
discovery. The Witness and 
the Other World illustrates 
the fundamental human 
desire to change places, Lf 

only in the imagination. The 
author looks at works by 
pilgrims, crusaders, 
merchants and explorers, 
including the accounts of 
Marco Polo and Walter 
Raleigh. Campbell defines 
these travel logs as exotic 
because they bear witness to 
alienated experiences; 
European travelers, instead of 
relating fact, were often 
passing on monstrous 
projections. She contends 
that these writings made 
possible the conquest of the 
peoples whom the travelers 
described, and she shows 
how travel literature 
contributed to the genesis of 
the modem novel and the 
modem life sciences. 

Sylvia Barack Fishman, 

senior research associate and 
assistant director, Maurice 
and Marilyn Cohen Center 
for Modem Jewish Studies 

Follow My Footprints: 
Changing Images of Women 
in American Jewish Fiction 
University Press of New 

A reader with an 
introductory essay and notes 
by Fishman, this anthology 
establishes a context for 
literary treatment of women 
in the Jewish tradition, 
examining biblical and 
rabbinical precedents and 
identifying especially the 
image of the "soldier" 
woman that recurs regularly. 
The selections, including 
short stories and excerpts 
from longer works, trace the 
treatment of Jewish women, 
beginning with the Yiddish 
literature of Eastern Europe, 
to the hardships of 
immigration and 
assimilation in America, to 
the evolution of literary 

stereotypes, to the 
emergence of contemporary 
women writers who claim 
and record their own 

Dian Fox 

associate professor of Spanish 
and comparative literature 

Refiguring the Hero: From 
Peasant to Noble in Lope de 
Vega and Calderon 
The Pennsylvania State 
University Press 

Refiguring the Hero 
reassesses the social 
significance of several of the 
most widely read plays of 
Spain's Golden Age in light 
of then-contemporary ideas 
about heroism. The Spanish 
dramatists Lope de Vega and 
Pedro Calderon de la Barca 
are hailed by Hispanists as 
democrats at heart for 
making heroes of peasants. 
The book discusses European 
literary heroism through the 
17th century, and pays 
particular attention to the 
Spanish traditions in which 
noble blood and the 
attainment of moral 
enlightenment are the 
essential characteristics of 
the hero. Fox addresses the 
role of the protagonists of 
Spanish "peasant honor" 
plays, in which a peasant 
who has murdered a 
nobleman who has offended 
his honor is rewarded for his 
actions by the reigning 
monarch, and contends that 
they are consistent with 
other contemporary 
European literary dramas in 
reserving heroism in serious 

works for socially superior 
characters. Refiguring the 
Hero was nominated for the 
1991 Katherine Singer 
Kovacs Prize, given by the 
Modem Language 
Association "for an 
outstanding book published 
in English in the field of 
Latin American and Spanish 
literatures and cultures"; and 
the 1992 Barnard Hewitt 
Award for Outstanding 
Research in Theatre History, 
given by the American 
Society for Theatre Research 
for a book published in the 
United States in 1991. 

Gregory L. Freeze, trans, 
and ed. 

professor of history 

The Battle for Oil: The 
Economics and Politics of 
International Corporate 
Conflict over Petroleum 
1860-1930 by A. A. Fursenko 
Jai Press Inc. 

The revised and expanded 
version of A.A. Fursenko's 
Russian text. The Battle for 
Oil. notes that beginning in 
the late 19th century, the 
importance of oil has steadily 
risen in the economic and 
political life of countries 
throughout the world. The 
battle for oil became an 
organic component of the 
world imperialist conflict 
over the struggle for sources 
of raw materials, markets 
and spheres of influence, and 
the beginning of this fight for 
oil goes back to the 
appearance of the first oil 
tmsts in America, Russia, 
Great Britain and the 
Netherlands. This study 
seeks to describe the events 
that laid the basis for the 
developments that have 
since become so critical and 
so dangerous for the world. 

James Mandrell 

assistant professor of Spanish 
and comparative literature 

Don Juan and the Point of 

Honor: Seduction, Patriarchal 

Society, and Literary 


The Pennsylvania State 

University Press 

This study of Don Juan 
explores literary 
representations and critical 
and theoretical interpretations 
in order to examine the many 
questions regarding the 
character, such as whether he 
is an agent of social anarchy 
or a positive expression of life. 
Rather than addressing or 
answering these questions, 
the author shows what is at 
stake by asking such 
questions and what is at stake 
in representations and 
considerations of Don Juan. 
He cites works with 
interrelated issues regarding 
Don Juan and suggests that 
these issues are tied to the 
concept of honor in literature 
and society. Mandrell's view 
is that Don Juan is a positive 
social force in a patriarchal 

society and culture, and a 
character whose story and 
vicissitudes are still 
significant in the 20th 

Earl Raab, ed. 

adjunct professor of Jewish 
public policy, Hornstein 
Program, and director, 
Perlmutter Institute 

American Jews in the 21st 
Century: A Leadership 
Scholars Press 

Radical loosening of external 
constraints on Jews in 
America and the scarcity of 
Jews led to the prediction at 
the end of the 19th century 
of the imminent spiritual 
death of American Jewry; 
today the Jewish community 
is again in the throes of that 
concern. The authors in this 
anthology address the 
question of what the 
leadership of the organized 
Jewish community should do 
to allay the homogenizing 
effect of the American 
society. Bernard Reisman, 
professor of American Jewish 
communal studies and 
director of the Hornstein 
Program, contributes a 
chapter on "The Future of 

the American Jewish 
Community: Choices for its 
Leadership"; Gary A. Tobin, 
associate professor of Jewish 
community research and 
planning and director of the 
Cohen Center for Modem 
Jewish Studies, writes on 
"The Future of the American 
Jewish Community"; and the 
editor provides a chapter on 
"The Israel Connection and 
the Future of American 

Palle Yourgrau 

associate professor of 

The Disappearance of Time: 

Kurt Godel and the 

Idealistic Tradition in 


Cambridge University Press 

Yourgrau explores the 
philosophy of time inspired 
by the writings of the 
logician Kurt Godel (1906- 
1978) in his evaluation of 
Godel's attempt to show that 
Einstein has not so much 
explained time as explained 
it away. This study also 
concems itself with the 
metaphysical implications of 
the reality of time and 
explores Godel's published 
and unpublished thoughts on 
time and existence with 
special reference to related 
discussion in Parmcnides, 
Plato and Kant. Yourgrau 
addresses Godel's belief in 
the possibility of time travel 
and the issue of the 
significance of time for the 
foundations of mathematics 
as well as for an 
understanding of the nature 
of human existence. 

Naomi S. Baron '68 

Baron is professor of 
linguistics and associate dean 
in the College of Arts and 
Sciences at the American 
University, Washington, DC. 

Growing Up with Language: 
How Children Learn to Talk 
Addison-Wesley Publishing 
Company, Inc. 

Children learn to make sense 
of the babble around them 
and become coherent 
speakers and incipient 
readers in just five or six 
years. This book explores 
how children put their first 
words together, how they 
struggle to understand 
meaning and how they come 
to use language as a creative 
tool. Baron discusses the role 
of the parent in the learning 
process and how this role is 
vital to a child's 
development of language by 
using three case studies. She 
explores concems about 
gender differences, birth 
order and raising bilingual 
children, as well as the 
effects of adults' "baby talk" 
on the development of 
language and focuses on how 
parents can instill an 
enduring love of language 
into their children. 

Ghana Bloch '63, M.A. '65 

Bloch is professor of English 
and creative writing at Mills 
College, California. 

The Past Keeps Changing 
The Sheep Meadow Press 

The poems in The Past 
Keeps Changing sue intimate 
and domestic, revealing an 
interest in family. Bloch 
explores common 
experiences of life: going to 
school, celebrating holidays, 
practicing the piano, falling 

42 Brandeis Review 



and tlie .American .Alignment 
for a Jewish State 

in love, having chi 
growing older and watching 
our parents and grandparents 
age. In "Milkweed," Bloch 
writes, "Milkweed, mother 
of promises, how do you live 
so thin? I would have died 
years ago." Although 
occupied with death, she also 
remembers youth. In "Chez 
Pierre, 1961," she remembers 
an awkward date, writing, 
"The skirt's all wrong and 
the shoes hurt: thin straps 
and little pointed heels. 
Borrowed clothing. She 
crosses her legs under the 
table. No." In her writing she 
makes reference to Yiddish 
and Hebrew writers and has 
been awarded an NEA 
Fellowship in Poetry, an 
NEH Fellowship, the Book of 
the Year Award of the 
Conference on Christianity 
and Literature and the 
Columbia University 
Translation Center Award. 

Analyzing the 
interrelationship of race, 
class and gender and 
exploring how they have 
shaped the experiences of a. 
people in the United States, 
this book stresses that these 
interlocking categories of 
experience affect all aspects 
of human life. The authors 
also show the different ways 
that other categories of 
experience— e.g., age, 
religion, sexual orientation, 
physical ability, region and 
ethnicity — also shape 
systems of privilege and 
inequality. The anthology is 
divided into five sections: 
Reconstructing Knowledge; 
Toward Inclusive Thinking; 
Conceptualizing Race, Class, 
and Gender; Rethinking 
Institutions; and Social 
Change and the Politics of 

Allon Gal '70, M.A. '76 

Gal is an associate professor 
at the Ben-Gurion Research 
Center and the Department 
of History and chair of the 
Center for the Study of 
North American Jewry, Ben- 
Gurion University of the 
Negev, Israel. 

David Ben-Gurion and the 
American Alignment for a 
Jewish State 
Indiana University Press 

David Ben-Gurion shaped a 
new Zionist foreign policy 
based on the assumed rise of 
the United States as a world 
power that would determine 
the future of the Middle East. 
This book traces the 
evolution of the demand for a 
Jewish state into a central 
and specific aim of Zionist 
policy and the interrelated 
process by which Ben-Gurion 
became increasingly oriented 
toward the United States and 
American Jewry at the 
expense of Zionism's 
historical connection with 
Great Britain. Gal's study 
charts Ben-Gurion's ascent 
from the leadership of the 
Yishuv (the Jewish 
community in Palestine) to 
prominence in world Zionist 
and international diplomacy. 
The book also portrays the 
emergence of American 
Jewry as a political factor 
that strove to secure Jewish 
interests in an open and self- 
assured way. 

Gloria Goldreich '55 

Goldreich is the author of 
Mother, Leah 's Children and 
The Burning Harvest. 

Years of Dreams 

Little, Brown and Company 

This novel spans the 
friendship of four women 
over three decades, from the 
1960s to the present day. 
Trust and betrayal, devotion 
and desertion strain the 
bonds between these women. 
A secret is revealed and their 
friendship is examined when 
the pact entered into two 
decades earlier is invoked 
and a crisis forces them to 
test their loyalty and the 
meaning of their bond. 

Ben Green '73 

Green is an investigative 
reporter living and working 
in North Florida. 

The Soldier of Fortime 
Murders: A True Story of 
Obsessive Love and Murder- 
Delacorte Press 

The future looked bright for 
John Wayne Heam after he 
placed an advertisement in 
the classified section of 
Soldier of Fortune magazine 

?«3KK- •^>'--«-«-»'><.-. 

:m( « ^ c li . . 


offering to take on high-risk 
assignments. He received 
messages ranging from 
fellow Vietnam veterans 
looldng for a job to 
propositions of mercenary 
work and even murder. 
Heam was intrigued when he 
heard the charming voice of 
Debbie Banister and her 
request for help in a family 
matter. With this one phone 
call, his life and the lives of 
three families in Florida and 
Texas would be changed 
forever. Green digs into the 
lives of two men, two 
famihes and two small 
southern towns to unravel a 
series of events that would 
ultimately leave three people 
dead and raise questions of 
moral and legal 
responsibility for murder. 

Pranay Gupte '70 

Gupte is a columnist for 
Newsweek (International) 
and a television producer in 
New York City. He has also 
been a contributing editor at 
Forbes magazine. 

Mother India: A Political 
Biography of Indira Gandhi 
Charles Scribner's Sons 

This is a biography of the life 
of Indira Gandhi, one of the 
great leaders of the 20th 
century, who rose to become 
prime minister of a troubled 
India of more than 900 
million people. She grew up 
in a household fiercely 
dedicated to independence 
from England, and as prime 
minister wielded great 
power, struggling ceaselessly 
to bring India into the 

modem world. Beleaguered 
by conflicts with the 
Muslims of Pakistan and the 
Silchs of Punjab, Gandhi 
became more militant and 
eager for control. Corruption 
resulted and she was 
assassinated by two of her 
bodyguards. This portrait of 
Indira Gandhi provides an 
analysis of the shrewd and 
deft political figure that she 

Barry W. Holtz, M.A. '73, 

Holtz is associate professor 
of Jewish education at the 
Jewish Theological Seminary 
of America and codirector of 
the Seminary's Melton 
Research Program. 

The Schocken Guide to 
Jewish Books 
Schocken Books 

Every year, numerous books 
are published on every topic 
of Jewish interest. The 
purpose of this book is to 
help the general readers find 
their way through the maze 
of Jewish literature in the 
marketplace. The reader's 
guide considers a wide- 
ranging view of different 
subjects as it recommends 
key books in each field. A 
variety of authors comment 
on subjects such as the Bible, 
the Talmud, Jewish history, 
the Holocaust, contemporary 
Israel, mysticism and Jewish 




Nancy Jay, M.A. '80, 
Ph.D. '81 

Jay was a lecturer in social 
sciences and religion at the 
Harvard Divinity School at 
the time of her death in 

Throughout Your 

Generations Forever: 

Sacrifice. Religion, and 


The University of Chicago 


Sacrifice is a ritual that has 
long fascinated and 
confounded scholars of 
religion. In this feminist 
study of relations between 
sacrifice, gender and social 
organization, the author 
reveals the act of sacrifice as 
a remedy for having been 
bom of woman, thus 
establishing an enduring 
system of male dominance 
by excluding women from 
this ceremony. She considers 
the uses and limitations of 
interpretive sociology for the 
study of sacrifice in a wide 
range of societies and offers a 
general model for 
distinguishing between 
different aspects of sacrifice 
to unfold her central 
argument: that sacrifice 

legitimates and maintains 
social structures of 
intergenerational continuity 
between males. 

Maeva Marcus '62, ed. 

Marcus is director of the 
Documentary History 
Project, Supreme Court of 
the United States. 

Origins of the Federal 
Judiciary: Essays on the 
Judiciary Act of 1 789 
Oxford University Press 

The Judiciary Act of 1 789 
established a federal court 
system that became one of 
the outstanding features of 
American democracy. This 
volume of essays analyzes 
the Act from political and 
legal perspectives while 
providing an understanding 
of the history of the judiciary 
and its role in constitutional 
interpretation. Using 
previously unavailable 
material, the essays focus on 
such topics as early 
interpretations of various 
sections of the Act; whether 
the Act presupposed a federal 

Brandeis Review 

common law; the problem of 
dual office holdings by 
judges; and early perceptions 
of justice in the courts of 
frontier America. The book 
concludes with an essay 
exploring the attitudes of the 
framers toward judicial 

Edward P. Morgan '52, 
M.A. '75, Ph.D. '76 

Morgan is professor of 
government at Lehigh 
University, Pennsylvania. 

The 60s Experience : Hard 

Lessons about Modern 


Temple University Press 

This book traces and 
explains the evolution of a 
democratic vision of 
membership, empowerment 
and respect for all people. It 
follows the development of 
this conception from the 
early discontent in post-war 
America through the 
idealism and activism that 
created the diverse 
movements of the 1960s. 

Joseph Wronka, Ph.D. '92 

Wronka is an assistant 
professor of social science at 
Springfield College. 

Human Rights and Social 
PoUcyin the 21st Century 
University Press of America 

The objectives of this book 
are to analyze the extent of 
human rights principles, as 
defined by the United 
Nations Universal 
Declaration of Human 
Rights, m the United States' 
federal and state 
constitutions, and to identify 
the implications of this 

analysis for social policy in 
the 21st century. Wronka 
maintains that although 
human rights traditions are 
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philosophical basis. He 
asserts that because the 
Universal Declaration is a 
compromise between 
political and philosophical 
ideals, a knowledge of the 
dimension is necessary to 
illuminate many of the 
traditions it reflects. 

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Faculty Notes 

Joyce Antler 

associate professor of 
American studies, delivered 
the keynote address on "The 
Women's Movement in the 
1990s: A Status Report" at a 
conference of the Chief 
Executives Organization, 
Radchffe College. She also 
spoke at the Centennial 
Symposium of the 
University of Chicago on 
"One Hundred Years of 
Higher Education for 
Women" and at the 
centennial of women's 
education at Brown 
University on "The Mommy 
Track in Historical 
Perspective: Higher 
Education and the Patterns of 
Women's Lives." 

Robert J. Art 

Christian A. Herter Professor 
of International Relations, 
had the third edition of his 
book. International Politics: 
Enduring Concepts and 
Contempoiary Issues. 
published. This edition 
includes a new preface and 
new selections in four of its 
five parts: Anarchy and its 
Consequences; The Uses of 
Force; The International 
Political Economy; and 
Justice, Human Rights and 
the Global Environment. 

Jon A. Chilingerian 

assistant professor of human 
services management and 
codirector of the Pew 
Doctoral Program in Health 
Policy, The Heller School, is 
conducting a study of 
national health care 
productivity for the Pew 
Foundation. At the 
Management Science 
Institute Annual Meeting, he 
chaired a session and 
presented a paper on "New 
Directions in Health Care 
Management" for the 
Operations Research Society 
of America. For the term 
1992-93, he will serve as 
secretary-treasurer of the 

Health Care Division of the 
Operating Research Society 
of America. He also has 
written a chapter on 
physician efficiency for Data 
Envelopment Analysis: The 
Theory, Applications and the 

Jacques Cohen 

Zayre/Feldberg Professor of 
Computer Science and 
National Center for Complex 
Systems, was the invited 
speaker in seminars at the 
Institute National de 
Recherche en Informatique, 
Paris, and the Universities of 
Grenoble, Nice and 
Marseille. His talk on 
massively parallel compilers 
described research done at 
Brandeis with the 
participation of Niksa 
Radovic, a Wien 
undergraduate majoring in 
computer science. He also 
delivered an invited lecture 
at Wheaton College on logic 
programming languages 
sponsored by the National 
Science Foundation to foster 
the teaching of recent 
developments in 
programming languages. 

Margot Fassler 

associate professor of music, 
has been elected president of 
the New England Chapter of 
the American Musicological 

Lawrence Fuchs 

Meyer and Walter Jaffe 
Professor in American 
Civilization and Politics, had 
his book. The American 
Kaleidoscope: Race. 
Ethnicity, and the Civic 
Culture, adopted as the core 
book for use by Wellesley 
College in the 1991-92 
cluster program for first year 
students focusing on "race 
and ethnicity" in 
contemporary America. It 
won the 1992 Theodore 
Saloutos Memorial Book 
Award for the "outstanding 
work on immigration history 
in the United States" 
published in 1991. The 
American Kaleidoscope was 

also named as one of 200 
outstanding works of fiction 
and nonfiction published in 
the United States in 1991 in 
the aimual publication of 
Magill's Literary Annual. 
where it was reviewed 
comprehensively. His article 
on "Politics" appeared in the 
Encyclopedia of Jewish - 
American History and 
Culture. His essay, 
"Immigration History and 
Immigration Policy: It Is 
Easier to See from a 
Distance," appeared in the 
spring 1992 issue of the 
Journal of American Ethnic 
History and his essay, 
"Thinking about 
Immigration and Ethnicity in 
the United States," appeared 
in Immigration in Two 
Democracies: France and 
American Experience. He 
accepted an appointment to 
the editorial board of the 
International Migration 
Review and reappointments 
to the boards of the 
Immigration Policy Project of 
the Camegie Endowment, 
the Refugee Policy Group 
and the American 
Immigration Institute. 

Martin Gibbs 

Abraham S. and Gertrude 
Burg Professor in Life 
Sciences, was elected a 
foreign associate. Academy 
of Sciences of France. He was 
the American organizer for 
the Russian-USA Workshop 
on Photosynthesis held in 
Pushchino, Russia. In 
addition to cochairing a 
session and delivering a 
lecture on "Chloroplast 
Respiration," he presented 
the opening remarks. 

Janet Giele 

professor. The Heller School, 
has been awarded a grant 
from the German Marshall 
Fund of the United States to 
conduct a study comparing 
West and East German 
women's lives with women's 
changing life patterns in the 
United States. 

Ruth Gollan 

adjunct associate professor of 
Near Eastern and Judaic 
Studies and director, Hebrew 
and Oriental Language 
Programs, delivered a paper, 
"Developing Reading 
Comprehension Through the 
Use of Authentic Texts," at 
the 1992 International 
Conference on University 
Teaching of Hebrew 
Language and Literature, 

Michael Harris 

professor of mathematics, 
delivered a paper, "Mixed 
Hodge Structures on the 
Boundary Cohomology of 
Shimura Varieties," while 
participating in an 
international conference on 
L-functions and automorphic 
forms held at the Hebrew 
University, Jerusalem. 

Erica Harth 

professor of humanities and 
women's studies and 
director. Center for the 
Humanities, had her book, 
Cartesian Women: Versions 
and Subversions of Rational 
Discourse in the Old 
Regime, published. 

Judith Herzfeld 

professor of biophysical 
chemistry, presented an 
invited lecture describing the 
elucidation of structure and 
dynamics in 

bacteriorhodopsin by solid 
state nuclear magnetic 
resonance spectroscopy at 
the Fifth International 
Conference on Retinal 

46 Brandeis Review 

James T. Kloppenberg 

associate professor of history, 
discussed aspects of his 
current research, a study of 
democracy in America and 
Europe since the 1 7th 
century, at the Center for 
Interdisciphnary Research, 
Bielefeld, Germany, 
Northwestern University 
and New York University 
while on leave during 1991- 
92 with support from a 
Guggenheim Fellowship. He 
was elected a visiting 
professor at the Ecole des 
Hautes Etudes en Sciences 
Sociales, Paris, and named to 
the editorial board of La 
Revue Tocqueville/The 
Tocqueville Review, a 
bilingual ioumal of cultural 

Ann Olga Koloski-Ostrow 

adjunct assistant professor of 
classical studies, presented a 
lecture, "Greek Philosophy 
and Roman Bowels: Health 
Messages in the Bath," at the 
annual meeting of the 
Classical Association of the 
Atlantic States, Villanova 
University, Pennsylvania. 

Marty Wyngaarden 

associate professor. The 
Heller School, presented a 
paper, "The Influence of 
Support on Families across 
the Life Course: Families of 
Pre-school-aged Children," at 
the Annual Symposium of 
the Academy on Mental 
Retardation, New Orleans. 
She was appointed to the 
board of directors of Special 
Olympics International for a 
three-year term and the 
board of directors of the 
Massachusetts Committee 
on Children and Youth, 
Boston. Krauss is coauthor of 
Development of infants with 
disabilities and theii 
families: Implications for 
theory and service delivery, 
which is published as a 
monograph for the Society of 
Research in Child 

Kenneth Kustin 

professor of chemistry, spoke 
about and demonstrated 
oscillating reactions at 
Madison Park High School, 
Roxbury, MA, to provide 
scientific outreach to the 
community at large. He gave 
the same presentation at an 
exposition, "Solutions to the 
Future," in the Great Hall of 
the Massachusetts State 
House, which was attended 
by approximately 700 
children along with their 
teachers and some parents. In 
addition, he presented 
colloquia on "Oscillating 
Reactions" to the New 
Haven section of the 
American Chemical Society; 
"Beyond the Rate Law: 
Chemical Waves, 
Oscillations and Patterns" to 
the Department of 
Chemistry, University of 
New Hampshire; and 
"Vanadium and Tunichrome 
in Sea Squirts" to the 
Department of Chemistry, 
Rhode Island College. 

Margie E. Lachman 

associate professor of 
psychology, delivered an 
invited lecture on "The 
Sense of Control in Later 
Life" to the National 
Institutes of Health 
Christopher Columbus 
Quincentenary Program on 
Aging: The Quality of Life. 
She also gave an invited 
lecture, "Challenging the 
Mind: Learning Never Ends," 
at the Radcliffe College 
Conference on Women Over 
Fifty: Living Longer and 

Robert J. Maeda 

Robert B. and Beatrice C. 
Mayer Professor of Fine Arts, 
was awarded two grants to 
do research on the lapanese- 
American sculptor Isamu 

Noguchi and his father, Yone 
Noguchi. The first is a 
Rockefeller Residency 
Fellowship sponsored by the 
Asian-American Studies 
Program at University of 
California at Los Angeles and 
the second is a Whiting 
Foundation Fellowship for 
travel to Japan. 

Alfred Nisonoff 

professor of biology and 
Rosenstiel Basic Medical 
Sciences Research Center, 
has received a one-year grant 
from the American Cancer 
Society to continue his 
program entitled 
"Mechanisms of Tolerance 
and Autoimmunity to an 
Endogenous Protein." During 
the past two years of his 
research, he has discovered 
methods of inhibiting the 
production of allergy-causing 
antibodies. He believes that 
work on the regulation of 
antibodies will help 
scientists understand how 
the body's natural defenses 
can attack cancer cells. 

Benjamin CI. Ravid 

Jennie and Mayer Weisman 
Professor of Jewish History, 
delivered an invited paper, 
"An Introduction to the 
Charters of the Jewish 
Merchants of Venice," at an 
international conference on 
L'expusion des Juifs 
d'Espagne et ses 
consequences, the Sorbonne, 

Shulamit Reinharz 

professor of sociology and 
director. Women's Studies 
Program, gave a talk to the 
sociology department at the 
University of California, 
Santa Cruz, on her new 
book. Feminist Methods in 
Social Research. Her chapter, 
"Manya Wilbushewitz- 
Shohat and the Winding 
Road to Sejera," appeared in 
Pioneers and Homemakers: 
fewish Women m Pre-State 
Israel. She and her colleagues 

in the Women's Studies 
Program initiated a graduate 
program to begin this fall 
consisting of joint M.A. 
degrees available to students 
in numerous Ph.D. programs 
on campus. 

Bernard Reisman 

professor of American Jewish 
communal studies and 
director, Homstein Program, 
spent his spring 1992 
sabbatical visiting Jewish 
communities in South Africa 
and Argentina. He lectured 
and consulted with leaders of 
Jewish communities for 
Brazil, Uruguay and 
Argentina. In addition, he 
delivered a lecture to faculty 
and students of the 
University of Buenos Aires 
on "New Social 
Developments and Changes 
in Organizational Leadership 
in Not-for-Profit 
Organizations." In South 
Africa he spoke to Jewish 
leaders in Johannesburg, 
Cape Town, Port Elizabeth 
and Durban. 

Myron Rosenblum 

Charles A. Breskin Professor 
of Chemistry, presented two 
talks, "Stereochemical 
Perspectives in the Reactions 
of Cyclopentadienyliron 
Dicarbonyl Complexes" at 
Comemus University, 
Bratislava, Czechoslovakia, 
and "Face to Face 
Metallocene Polymers: 
Synthesis, Structure and 
Properties" at The Prague 
Institute of Chemical 

Jonathan D. Sarna 

Joseph H. and Belle R. Braun 
Professor of American Jewish 
History, was elected chair of 
the Academic Council of the 
American Jewish Fiistorical 
Society at its annual meeting 
in Washington, DC. He also 

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served as Colorado Jewish 
History Week scholar-in- 
residence at the Center for 
Judaic Studies, Denver. 

James H. Schuiz 

la and Meyer Kirstein 
Professor for Planning and 
Adininistration of Aging 
Policy, The Heller School, 
testified before the 
subcommittee on 
Retirement Income and 
Employment, U.S. House 
Select Committee on Aging, 
on data and issues related to 
the economic problems of 
older divorced women. 

Barry B. Snider 

professor of chemistry, 
accepted an invitation to 
serve as a member of the 
Medicinal Chemistry Study 
Section, Division of Research 
Grants, for the next four 
years. Members are selected 
on the basis of their 
demonstrated competence 
and achievement in their 
scientific discipline as 
evidenced by the quality of 
research accomplishments, 
publication in scientific 
journals and other significant 
scientific activities, 
achievements and honors. 
He also presented a plenary 
lecture on "Mechanistic and 
Synthetic Aspects of Mn(in)- 
Based Oxidative Free-Radical 
Cyclizations" at the annual 
Chemical Society of Japan 
meeting in Osaka while a 
visiting research scholar at 
Tokyo Institute of 

Robert Weiner 

assistant professor of 
economics, spent a week as 
the guest of the Christian 
Michelsen Institute in 
Bergen, Norway, an 
economic research think 
tank; was an invited speaker 
at the 6th annual Joumees du 
GREEN, a workshop 
sponsored by a research 
institute at Universite Laval, 
Quebec City,- and received a 

grant from Resources for the 
Future for a research project 
entitled "Origins of Natural 
Resource Markets." 

Stephen J. Whitfield 

Max Richter Professor of 
American Civilization, 
delivered the Belin Lecture m 
Jewish Studies at the 
University of Michigan; 
presented a paper on 
American Jewish history at a 
conference devoted to that 
topic at the College of 
William and Mary; and spoke 
on "Florida: The Dubbed 
Version" at the conference of 
the Florida Historical 
Society, St. Augustine. His 
article, "The Stunt Man: 
Abbie Hoffman (1936-89)," 
was anthologized in Sights 
on the Sixties. 

Harry Zohn 

professor of German, 
presented two papers and 
chaired a session at the 
symposium on Austrian 
expressionism at the 
University of Klagenfurt. In 
Berlin he was appointed the 
American representative on a 
creative team planning a 
German television series and 
in Vienna he participated in 
the first graduation of the 
Chajes-Schule, which has 
yielded three Brandeis 
freshmen. Also, the Austrian 
shortwave radio based a half- 
hour feature program on his 
lecture on the Wienerlied. 


Ivy Anderson 

head, systems and access 
services, University 
Libraries, was elected chair 
of the New England Library 
Network (NELINET] 
Reference Advisory 
Committee for 1992-93. The 
committee advises 
NELINET, a cooperative 
association of New England 
libraries, on policy and 
programs relating to the use 
of information technology. 

Harris C. Faigel, M.D. 

director. University Health 
Services, presented an 
invited workshop on learning 
disabilities in college 
students at the annual 
meeting of the American 
College Health Association, 
San Francisco. 

Carolyn M. Gray 

associate director. University 
Libraries, presented the 
following lectures: "Project 
Gesher: Bridging Scholarly 
Information Gaps" at the 
Computers on Campus 
Conference, Myrtle Beach, 
S.C; "Building Electronic 
Bridges between Scholars and 
Information: New Roles for 
Librarians" at the 29th 
Annual Clinic on Library 
Applications of Data 
Processing, University of 
Illinois; and "Using 
Ethnographic Techniques in 
Information Use Studies" at 
the Faxon Institute 
Conference on Building 
Electronic Communities, 
Reston, Virginia. Her 
chapter, "Envoi: The Civic 
Context of Electronic 
Citizenship," appeared in 
Citizen Access to Electronic 

Ann C. Schaffner 

assistant director, 
Gerstenzang Science Library, 
served as a panelist on 
"Acquisitions vs. Access" at 
the spring meeting of the 
Rhode Island Library 

48 Brandeis Review 


Kim Suk-won 
Class of '92: 
The Journey Back 

It's amazing what somebody 
can do between his junior 
and senior year at Brandeis. 
The path Kim Suk-won 
traveled followmg his junior 
year has been strewn with 
high adventure and stunning 
accomphshment. But then 
he left Brandeis in 1970, so 
more than two decades had 
elapsed until his return. As 
he sat with his classmates at 
Commencement 1992, the 
history of those past years 
must have flashed through 
his consciousness, triggering 

In most ways, Kim was 
unlike his fellow graduates. 
At 47 years old, he was more 
than twice the age of most of 
his classmates. He did not 
make the voyage to Brandeis 
from 1,000 miles or even 
from 3,000 miles away. He 
came from another 
continent, another culture. 
And he was surely the only 
member of the Class of 1992 
who had already earned an 
honorary doctorate from 
Korea's prestigious Sogang 
University, achieved a 
striking track record in the 
realm of international 
business and is the President 
of the Korean Boy Scouts and 
the Camp Chief of the 1 7th 
annual Boy Scout lamborce. 
But in some ways, Kim was 
just like any other senior 
who had to complete his 
swimming test and survive 
the nail-biting trials of final 

As chairman of the 
Ssangyong (Twin Dragons) 
Group, the fifth largest 
conglomerate in Korea, he is 
one of his country's leading 
entrepreneurs. Taking 

control of this huge company 
in 1975 at the age of 29, he 
was nothing short of a 
wunderkind. During the 16 
years as Ssangyong's CEO, he 
enlarged the company to 
many times its original size, 
into what is now the world's 
101st largest industrial 
corporation with SIO billion 
in annual sales. 

Kim left Brandeis early m his 
senior year m 1970, called 
home by his father to 
complete his compulsory 
service in the Korean 
military; he joined the 
marines and in 1971, a 
savage year for that war, was 
sent to Vietnam for 10 
months. A civilian again 
after two and a half years in 
the marines, he longed to 
retum to Brandeis to 
complete his degree, an 
ambition he had vowed to 
fulfill. But his father insisted 
that he remain in Korea and 
learn the family business. 
Dutifully, the son joined 
Ssangyong as an auditor, but 
soon grew restive. In 1973, in 
a spirit of rebellion and 
restlessness, he left 
Ssangyong to tour his 
country, a land that he 
recognized as still 
undeveloped, but holding 
exceptional promise. 

Recounting this scenario a 
week after Commencement 
in the office of the Brandeis 
Review, Kim speaks in 
slightly accented English, 

and tends to be expressive 
and blunt. You sense that he 
IS decisive, strong-willed and 
independent. Tall, urbane 
and athletically built, he 
inhales his cigarette deeply 
as he talks with intensity, 
but not without humor, 
about his youth, his thirst for 
education, his family 
business, Korea and the 
world economy. 

If he did not settle down to 
business in 1973, it wasn't 
because he had no appetite 
for it. Actually, his 
entrepreneurial juices were 
beginning to flow as he 
climbed the snow-laden 
mountains of eastern Korea. 
"Why not build a ski resort 
like the ones I enjoyed in 
New Hampshire?" he 
speculated at the time. 

We pour over a glossy, four- 
color pamphlet describing 
Korea's Vail, called Dragon 
Valley Resort, replete with 
state-of-the-art lifts, trails, 
spiffy accommodations and 
all the accouterments of the 
good life, while Kim relates 
details about this spectacular 
resort, his first big deal. 
Against his father's expressed 

Kim at Commencement 
with F. Trenery Dolbear. Jr., 
Clinton S. Darling Professor 
of Economics 

Ssangyong's Progress in the 
Post- War Period 

desires, in that year of 
wandering he acquired an 
enormous spread of 
mountainous land for the 
erection of Korea's first ski 
heaven. Two hundred and 
fifteen kilometers east of 
Seoul and the site of the 24th 
Summer Olympics, Dragon 
Valley is now widely 
recognized as one of Asia's 
most successful winter 

Kim's greatest challenge 
came when his father died in 
1975, and he became 
Ssangyong's CEO. The 
carefree roaming suddenly 
stopped, and the plans for a 
speedy return to Brandeis 
evaporated. In the years that 
followed, Kim earned the 
respect of Korea's highly 
competitive business 
community. His creative 
energy, tempered by a 
shrewd grasp of capitalism, 
has transformed Ssangyong 
into one of the most modem 
and interesting enterprises in 
the world. 

The origins of the Ssangyong 
Group reach back to 1939 
when Kim's father, Mr. Kim 
Sung-kon, founded a small 
soap manufacturing 
company. He eventually 
built up a business in cement 
and paper, enterprises now 
regarded as low tech, but 
ones that made perfect sense 
in the 1960s in Korea. Over 
time, Ssangyong Cement has 
leapt to third place among 
the world's largest cement 

50 Brandeis Review 


Kim on the job 

Although cement is still a 
mainstay of the Ssangyong 
Group, Kim has taken major 
new risks to bring his 
company into the front ranks 
of world industry. Drawn to 
the volatile nature of 
financial services, he bought 
a faltering securities 
company, against the advice 
of many experts, when 
Korean finance was still in 
its infancy in 1983. The 
subsidiary subsequently 
profited handsomely from 
the upswing of a vibrant 
economy and a maturing 
stock market: the once- 
sickly brokerage, now called 
Ssangyong Investment and 
Securities Co., has recently 
earned a sohd $35 million 
after taxes on revenues of 
$165 million. This company, 
as many others that Kim 
oversees, has now also 
moved into the international 

Kim took the plunge into 
high tech in 1981 by 
founding the Ssangyong 
Computer System 
Corporation. Conditions for 
that highly competitive 
business seemed anything 
but conducive at the time. 
But he quickly found a niche 
in the software industry and 
today sells his products to 
customers throughout the 
world, including the U.S. 
Department of Defense. 
Since 1988, the corporation 
has moved into 
manufacturing computer 

Ssangyong also expanded 
swiftly in international 
construction, ranging from 
major projects in Southeast 

Asia and the Middle East, to 
the world's tallest hotel, the 
73-story Westin Stamford in 
Singapore. Other rapidly 
developing Ssangyong 
enterprises include oil 
refining, shipping, trading, 
insurance and machinery. 

The apple of Kim's eye right 
now is the risk-laden 
automobile manufacture 
(he's a car enthusiast, 
himself), a domain that offers 
a high level of excitement 
and challenge, and an 
overabundance of 
international competition. 
Why does he want to be in 
such a fiercely competitive 
business? By way of answer 
Kim refers the conversation 
back to the cement business. 
"You know," he says, 
"cement was a very stable 
industry, the demand was 
always there, so there is no 
real challenge. If I had 
remained chairman of just 
the cement company, I could 
have enjoyed all the 
dividends and profits....! 
could have enjoyed my years 

as chairman in a very 
luxurious way." And then an 
afterthought. "And I might 
have been able to come back 
to Brandcis much earlier." 
But, "I have a responsibility 
to hand over Ssangyong to 
the next generation. We 
should not be left 
behind. ..that's a 
businessman's basic 
requirement, we have to 
struggle, to go forward. The 
automobile industry will not 
let you stagnate." And he is 
certainly not stagnating. He 
has a major joint venture 
with the German company 
Daimler-Benz just getting 

Kim finally made the 
decision to finish his senior 
year at Brandeis last year in 
what seemed to be a now-or- 
never proposition. He had 
reached a point in his life 
when he felt his companies 
were headed by the right 
people who could manage his 
varied empire while he was 
in the United States. 
Although he fulfilled a 
lifelong desire to get his 
degree, his journey back to 
his studies was not the 
easiest thing he'd ever done. 
It called for reviving long- 
neglected skills in 
mathematics and academic 
problem solving; it meant 

trying to handle business 
obligations from 10,000 
miles away while keeping up 
in the classroom, doing 
fieldwork and writing papers 
that took intensive 
concentration and effort. 
"But it was worth it," he 
claims. "Writing papers, 
based on almost two decades 
of business experience, 
served as a way for me to 
look back to sec what I have 

Among the courses he took, 
he especially profited from a 
rigorous course in 
microeconomics: "This 
subject gave me all kinds of 
mathematical formulas and 
diagrams. It will help me to 
think through future 
business plans in a much 
more systematic way." 

His professors were 
enthusiastic. "Kim was 
wonderful in the classroom," 
says Assistant Professor of 
Economics Robert Weiner, 
with whom Kim took a 
seminar in the economics of 
international business. "He 
would come to class in jeans 

52 Brandeis Review 

and a sweater and contribute 
to the discussion." Weinei 
singled out a paper that Kim 
had written for the course as 
particularly interesting and 
insightful. "He recounted the 
remarkable story of how 
Ssangyong penetrated the 
Japanese market for 
cement," Weiner explained. 
"Few people could have 
given such a close-up and 
analytical account of how a 
company can hurdle Japanese 
import barriers." The paper 
is now being considered for 
publication by a professional 

In another paper, written for 
Peter Petri, Carl Shapiro 
Professor of International 
Finance and director of the 
Lemberg Program in 
International Economics and 

FinaiiLi. knn i\ imiiud thL 
role ot piu all. LUtLipiisc in 
developing countiies "The 
emergence of newlv 
industrializing economies 
during the last three decades 
has created a new dimension 
in the history of world 
capitalism," Kim wrote, and 
went (in to discuss the 
complex relationships 
between business and 
government that yielded 
spectacular results in such 
countries as Korea and 
Taiwan. Petri praised the 

papLi toi its inno\ itne ideas 
on business stijteg\ in an 
industriahzing country and 
has recommended that it be 
published as well. 

Kim's impressions of 
Brandeis were varied. He was 
struck by the continued close 
relationship between faculty 
and the students and the 
small size of the classes. 
"That's one of the main 
reasons I wanted to come 
back here and one of the 
things I enjoyed most," he 
says. The one criticism Kim 
expressed was of the 
insularity of some American 
students. "Americans need 
to be thinking 

internationally at all times," 
he asserts. Kim will 
contribute actively to this 
objective: he has joined the 
board of overseers of the 

University's Lemberg 
Program in International 
Economics and Finance, 
offering friendship and 
counsel to his alma mater. 

Kim's decision to detour 
from the boardroom to the 
classroom was noted in a 
special commendation issued 
by the faculty in the 
economics department: 
"Returning home before the 
completion of your academic 
studies was no obstacle to 
your managerial 
achievements," reads the 
commendation, "and your 
degree now in 1992 is not 
required in. ..your business 
career." It concludes, "We 
celebrate your devotion to 
academic studies, to the 
study of economics and your 
admirable commitment to 

Brenda Marder 

Alumni Books 
Sought for Archive 

Brandeis Day 
January 10, 1993 

The Brandeis Library invites 
alumni who have pubUshed 
books to submit copies of 
their works for inclusion in 
a new Alumni Archive. "The 
scholarly and literary works 
of Brandeis alumni and 
faculty compose a significant 
part of the University's 
intellectual history. It is 
important that we establish 
archives for these special 
collections," states Library 
Director Bessie Hahn. 

Lori B. Cans '83, M.M.H.S. 
'86, director of alumni 
relations, is pleased that the 
Archive is being established. 
"Students will now have 
access to books by Brandeis 
alumni. This resource will 
not only enhance the 
Library's holdings, it will 
also be a source of 
inspiration to Brandeis 
students who use the 

All books in the Alumni 
Archive will be catalogued 
on the Library's computer 
and may be retrieved by the 
author's name, class year, 
title or subject matter, 
making the collection 
accessible to students and 
scholars for a wide range of 
research needs. Authors are 
encouraged to inscribe the 
books they send to Brandeis 
University; such inscriptions 
are considered to enhance 
the value of the donated 

Please send contributions to 
the Alumni Archive to the 
Office of Alumni Relations, 
Brandeis University, P.O. 
Box9110, Waltham, MA 

The Brandeis University 
Alumni Association is 
sponsoring the second 
annual Brandeis Day, an 
occasion marking the 45th 
year of the founding of the 
University. Celebrations of 
Brandeis Day will take place 
in many areas of the country 
and abroad during the week 
of January 10, 1993. 

Faculty members will be 
present in many chapter and 
regional areas to discuss 
their own research and 
convey campus news to 
alumni in this second 
multisite series of Alumni 
Association events. For more 
information about Brandeis 
Day events in your area, 
watch for the upcoming 
issue of the Brandeis Alumni 
Connection, your chapter 
newsletter or call the Office 
of Alumni Relations at 61 7- 

While supplies last, copies of 
the 1992 Alumni Directory 
may still be ordered from the 
Harris Publishing Company, 
3 Baker Avenue, White 
Plains, NY 10601. The hard 
cover editions are $39.95 and 
the soft cover editions are 
$36.95. Orders may also be 
placed by calling their toll 
free customer service 
number 1-800-877-6554. 


The Brandeis Legacy Circle 

All alumni and friends who have included Brandeis University in their estate 
plans, made a gift to the Brandeis Pooled Income Fund or established a gift annuity 
or trust to benefit Brandeis are invited to )oin The Brandeis Legacy Circle. 

This new honorary society has been established to celebrate and formally thank 
those caring individuals who have made plans to provide for the future Brandeis. 

If you qualify for membership in this special circle of influence or would like 
more information, please contact the Planned Giving Office, Brandeis University, 
P.O. Box 9110, Waltham, MA 02254-91 10 617-736-4030 or 1-800-333-1948. 

Class Notes 


Lynne Shoolman Isaacson, Class 
Correspondent, 22 Fifer Lane, 
Lexington, MA 02173 

Barry Newman, who once starred 
in the Broadway version of Agatha 
Christie's "The Mousetrap," 
starred in the BBC production ot 
Christie's "The Mirror Crack'd' 
last spring. 


Dr. Norman Diamond, Class 
Correspondent, 240 Kendnck 
Street, Newton, MA 02158 
Reniinder...Class Reunion 
May 21-23, 1993 

Norman H. Diamond, D.M.D. was 

elected vice president of the 
Massachusetts Dental Society at 
Its annual meeting. A diplomate of 
the American Board of 
Orthodontics, Diamond is also an 
assistant professor of orthodontics 
at Tufts University, former chair 
of the Metropolitan District 
Dental Society and former 
president of the Tufts Association 
of Orthodontics. In addition, he is 

Noiman H. Diamond. DM.D 

a member of the Brandeis 
President's Council and Alumni 


Miriam Feingold d'Amato, Class 
Correspondent, 62 Floyd Street, 
Winthrop, MA 02152 

Elliot Aronson, professor of 
sociology at the University of 
California, Santa Cruz, was elected 
a fellow of the American Academy 
of Arts and Sciences. Rima Drell 
Reck, Ph.D. was awarded the rank 
of distinguished professor of 
comparative literature and interart 
studies at the University of New 
Orleans for her outstanding 
teaching record and distinguished 

scholarly reputation. She is editor 
of Modernist Studies, a new series 
of books that focus on literary. 


inti-rart and inti-KlisLiplini 
studies dealing with writer 
artists, works and thematic 
modem era. She is also 
contributing editor of "Arts et 
Litterature" for Etudes 
Romanesques, which is published 
in Pans. Carole Grand Rosenshein 
received the Eisig Silberschlag 
Prize for excellence in Hebrew 
literature at the Hebrew College 
commencement in May. She is 
also the grandmother of Addie, 
Benjamin and Michelle Anne 


Wynne Wolkenberg Miller, Class 
Correspondent, 14 Larkspur Road, 
Waban, MA 02168 

Cynthia Cohen Gewirtz held her 
first solo exhibit of travel and 
nature photographs entitled "All 
Things Beautiful" at the Yonkers, 
NY, Public Library in May. A 
member ot the Westchester 
Photographic Society, she has won 
several awards and has had her 
photos published in many area 
publications. She writes that her 
increased awareness of nature's 
wonders and complexities, gained 
through her interest in 
photography, helps her realize "the 
necessity to preserve and protect 
our natural environment for future 
generations." Evelyn Fox Keller, a 
professor of history and philosophy 
ot science at the Massachusetts 
Institute of Technology, was one 
of the 1992 recipients of the 
MacArthur Fellowship. This honor 
IS bestowed upon creative citizens 
who enhance society's capacity to 
improve the human condition and 
carries a $320,000 stipend. 
Previously, she was a professor in 
the rhetoric and women's studies 
departments at the University of 

L.ihtoinijat BLikLkx UcM.tcdto 
the precept mens sano m corpore 
sano. Jeanne F. Lieberman is 
dedicating her days to treating 
bodies in her private practice in 
physical therapy while enriching 
mmds by night as a theater critic 
for the New York Law Journal. 
Inspired by the ancient Hi Charlie 
days, she is also becoming a 
producer of musicals, on and off 
Broadway, and is inviting fellow 
Brandeisians to help her capitalize 
on her "can't miss" projects and to 
share the stage with her. 


Allan W. Drachman, Class 
Correspondent, 1 15 Mayo Road, 
Wellesley, MA 02181 
Reminder...Class Reunion 
May 21-23, 1993 

Bernard N. Fields, M.D., well- 
known virologist at the Harvard 
Medical School department of 
microbiology and molecular 
genetics, has published a second 

Bernard N. Fields 

edition to Fields Virology that is 
receiving praise from throughout 
the field of viral research. The 
Annals of Internal Medicine called 
the book, "the most 
comprehensive virology text 
available for both the basic and 
medical aspects of virology." Ruth 
Feinberg Markovitz is still married 
to Irving "Lenny" Markovitz '56 
and has two children who are 
Brandeis alumni. She has made a 

mid-life career change from 
sociology to law and was graduated 
from the Columbia University 
Law School. Barbara Zemboch 
Presseisen conducts educational 
research in the United States and 


Sunny Sunshine Brownrout, Class 
Correspondent, 87 Old Hill Road, 
Westport, CT 06880 

Martin R. Levy, Esq. was admitted 
to the Arizona bar in 1990 and is a 
lawyer and CPA living in 
Barbados, West Indies. He also 
holds a B.S. from Boston 
University's College of 
Communication, a master's of 
accounting from the University of 
Arizona and a J.D. from the 
California West School of Law in 
San Diego. 


Judith Leavitt Schatz, Class 
Correspondent, 139 Cumberland 
Road, Leominster, MA 01453 

Rickie Halperin Haas received a 

New York Medical College in 1991 
and has started a private practice 
in clinical and preventative 
nutrition counseling in Rye Brook, 
NY. Robert W. Moulthrop, senior 
marketing director at KPNG Peat 
Marwick, New York City, was 
selected to appear in the Sixth 
Edition ot Who's Who m Public 
Relations for his significant 
experience and leadership within 
the public relations field. 


Arm Leder Sharon, Class 
Correspondent, 13890 Ravenwood 
Drive, Saratoga, CA 95070 

Laurance Morrison has been 
named a consultant to the United 
Nations Educational, Scientific 
and Cultural Organization 
lUNESCOl after completing a 
seven-year teaching stint at 
Harvard University in public 
relations. His hook on the strategic 
and technical building blocks of 
relationship marketing was 
published this year by the 
American Management 
Association. He is president of the 
Laurance S. Morrison Company, 
Inc. of Sturbndge, MA, which 
offers services in marketing, public 
relations and advertising. The firm 
won the First Place Gold Medal 
from both the Springfield, MA, and 
Worcester, MA, Ad Clubs as well 
as the 1990 Communicator of the 
Year award from the Central 


Laurance S Morn: 

Massachusetts Public Relations 
Association. Joan W. Scott, 
professor of social science at the 
Institute for Advanced Study in 
Princeton, NJ, was awarded an 
honorary degree at Brown 
University's commencement in 
May 1992. She was the first 
tenured woman professor in 
Brown's history department, and is 
known for her direction of the 
Pembroke Center for Teaching and 
Research on Women. Philip D. 
Wagreich is codirector of the 
Teaching Integrated Mathematics 
and Science project at the 
University of Illinois at Chicago. 
The program, which was awarded 
a five-year, $4.2 million grant to 
develop a curriculum for grades 
kindergarten through six, is one of 
only two projects selected by the 
National Science Foundation to 
construct comprehensive methods 
of instruction based on the reform 
recommendations of leading 
mathematics and science 
organizations. Laboratory 
experiments developed by 
Wagreich and codirector Howard 
Goldberg over a 14-year period 
form the foundation of the new 


Mrs. Miriam Osier Hyman, Class 
Correspondent, 140 East 72nd 
Street, #16B, New York, NY 10021 
Reniindet...CIass Reunion 
May 21-23, 1993 

Laurel Frank Brake moved from 
teaching English undergraduates in 
Wales to teaching literature to 
adults at Birkbeck College in 
London. Part of her work includes 
the organization of day 
conferences with subjects ranging 
from George Bataille to post- 
modernism, the fiction of Toni 
Morrison, the work of A.S. Byatt 
and the essays and journalism of 
Virginia Woolf. Barbara "Bunny" 
Beck Castto received her master's 
degree in Spanish in 1991 and 
spent a month in Madrid. She lives 
in Palo Alto, CA, with her all-star 
athlete daughter and son who has 
entered high school. Doris Stein 
Cohen has returned to her regular 

work as a family therapist in 
Greenfield, MA, after spending 
nine months on a sabbatical in 
Paris and Lyon, France, where she 
learned about applications of 
systems theory to families 
experiencing mental health 
problems with one of their 
members. Rita Brickman Effros 
and her husband, Edward, were 
able to engineer a joint sabbatical 
year at the University of California 
at Berkeley where he is visiting the 
math department and she is in 
molecular and cell biology. After a 
narrow escape in the Oakland 
Hills fire, they are again enjoying 
the glorious countryside and their 
first year "sans enfants" as 
daughter, Rachel, attends Emory 
Medical School and son, Stephen, 
attends the University of 
California at Berkeley. Judith 
Rothenberg Feldstein is a real 
estate broker for the Martin 
Bernstein Agency in New City, 
NY, and was named the company's 
top sales associate. iVlarian K. 
Glasgow, of Marian Glasgow 
Interiors in Newton, MA, 
participated in the interior 
decoration of the 1992 Junior 
League of Boston's show house in 
Milton, MA. Miriam Cohen 
Glickman continues in teaching, 
and is now running her own 
tutoring service for middle and 
high school students in 
mathematics. She is also busy 
parenting her two sons, ages 12 
and 16. Susan Weitzman 
Greenman completed an M.B.A, 
degree at the University of North 
Carohna at Charlotte and has 
begun an internship with a local 
business. Her sons. Herb and 
David, completed their freshman 
year at the University of 
Pennsylvania, while daughter, 
Rachel, is starting high school. 
Jewel Naxon Klein tried her first 
medical malpractice jury trial this 
past year and received vindication 
for her client and a large verdict. 
She has two children now in 
college and one in law school, lives 
in Chicago and is still happily 
married to Steven, her husband of 
26 years. Nancy Kramer is an 
attorney practicing law with New 
York Attorney General Robert 
Abrams. She lives in New York 
City with her husband and sons 
and says that she cherishes her 
memories of Brandeis. Lucy Gold 
Landesberg is an assistant 
professor of mathematics in the 
basic education program at Nassau 
Community College in Garden 
City, NY, while her husband, 
Joseph, is a professor and chair of 
the chemistry department at 

Adelphi University. Their two 
sons, Leonard and Jeffrey, are 
attending Yale Medical School and 
Yale University, respectively. Ira 
T. Lott, M.D. was appointed chair 
of the department of pediatrics at 
the University of California at 
Irvine where he serves as professor 
of pediatrics and neurology and is 
head of the department's division 
of pediatric neurology. His 
research interests include 
Alzheimer's disease and Down s 
syndrome Previously Dr Lott was 

Ira T. Lott. M D 

Kennedy SJu-iver Center for Mental 
Retardation in Waltham and was 
on the faculty of Harvard Medical 
School. He lives in Mission Viejo, 
CA, with his wife and their two 
children. Emily Schottenfeld 
Stoper is chair of the political 
science department at California 
State University in Oakland and 
the recipient of the 1 991-1992 
Outstanding Professor Award. She 
has written two books, one 
entitled Student Non-Violent 
Coordinating Committee: The 
Growth of Radicalism in a Civil 
Rights Organization, and one on 
women and public policy. She and 
her husband, Arnie, enjoy folk 
dancing and are helping their 22- 
year-old disabled son make the 
difficult transition to adulthood as 
a younger son adjusts to his teens. 
Linda Russack Tobin returned to 


volunteer, 30 years after her initial 
visit. She lives in Cleveland and 
says that all is well with her 
children, Maya, age 23, Joshua, age 
14, and Daniel, age 12. Alix Ingrid 
Weiss-Sharp is looking forward to 
a long visit to Chile, now that 
democracy is slowly being rebuilt, 
and says that life, family and work 
have been good in Nashville. 


Rochelle A. Wolf, Class 
Correspondent, 113 Naudain 
Street, Philadelphia, PA 19477 

David J. Levenson joined the law 
firm of Venable, Baetjer, Howard & 
Civiletti, speciahzing in the area of 
securities, corporate and business 
law in the Washington, DC, area. 

Kenneth E. Davis, Class 
Correspondent, 28 Mary Chilton 
Road, Needham, MA 02192 

Gary David Goldberg was a 

recipient of a Golden Globe Award 
and a Humanitas Award for the 
television program "Brooklyn 
Bridge." Gwenn Karel Levine 
received her Ph.D. in pohtical 
science from Fordham University 
and is vice president of planning 
and marketing at St. Joseph's 
Hospital and Medical Center in 
Paterson, NJ. She wishes to 
express thanks to Brandeis for her 
"basic training," and to Professor 
Peter WoU, who first suggested she 
iniisuc a doctorate. Her children, 
licv.ii, age 25, a composer, and 
lusliua, age 20, a filmmaker, both 
rcsule in San Francisco. 


Anne Reilly Hort, Class 
Correspondent, 4600 Livingston 
Avenue, Riverdale, NY 10471 

Richard B. Epstein arranges 
specialized tours for groups and 
individuals in New York, 
including "Friends of the New 
York Philharmonic Orchestra," 
the International Chamber 
Orchestra of New York and the 
Brandeis University men's and 
women's basketball teams. Steven 
M. Goldstein has been named 
associate dean for academic affairs 
at the Florida State University 
College of Law. He also received 
the Tobias Simon Pro Bono Service 
Award, which is given annually by 
the chief justice of the Florida 
Supreme Court to the attorney 
who has provided the most 

Steven M. Goldstem 

outstanding pro bono legal service 
in the state of Florida. Laura 
Hapke is a professor of English at 
Pace University in New York City 
and the author of Girls Who Went 
Wrong and the newly released 
Tales of the Working Girl: Wage- 
Earning Women in American 
Literature. 1890-1925. Hermine S. 
Leiderman has been working part- 
time as a hearing officer for the 

56 Brandeis Review 

Brandeis University 

Prospective Student 
Referral Card 

Student's Name 






zip code 

area code 
High School 


Academic lnterest(s)/Talent(s) 


year of graduation 

Extracurricular lnterest(s)/Talent(s) 


name Brandeis class 

May we use your name when contacting the student? D Yes D No 

Brandeis University provides an atmosphere of intellectual rigor and an enriching 
personal experience for academically promising students who seek 
challenge. In recent years, competition for these talented young people has 
increased, especially among selective institutions like Brandeis. 

For the past two decades, the Brandeis University Alumni Admissions Council has 
been a significant resource in helping the University identify prospective 
students through its active international network of more than 1 ,000 Brandeis 
graduates. This year, the Alumni Admissions Council celebrates its 
20th anniversary, and I offer my congratulations and sincere appreciation to the 
many individuals who have been a part of this vital aspect of the University's 
undergraduate recruitment efforts. 

All members of the Brandeis community can aid the University in its recruitment 
efforts. If you know or are aware of able students in your community who 
could benefit from a Brandeis education, I urge you to complete the attached 
prospective student referral card and return it to the Office of Admissions. 
Dean Gould and the members of his staff will follow up your referral and acquaint 
the student with the many opportunities and challenges available at Brandeis. 
This is an easy and effective way to help Brandeis strengthen its recruitment and 
outreach efforts nationwide, and your participation is welcomed. 


(y> >1^ 

Samuel O. Thier 

Prospective Student Referral 
Office of Admissions 
Brandeis University 
P.O. Box 9110 
Walthann,IVlA 02254-91 10 

Lamance S. Moriis: 

Massachusetts Pub 
Association. Joan V 
professor of social s 
Institute for Advan 
Princeton, NJ, was awaraea an 
honorary degree at Brown 
University's commencement in 
May 1992. She was the first 
tenured woman professor in 
Brown's history department, and is 
known for her direction of the 
Pembroke Center tor Teachmg and 
Research on Women. Philip D. 
Wagreich is codirector of the 
Teaching Integrated Mathematics 
and Science project at the 
University of Illinois at Chicago. 
The program, which was awarded 
a five-year, $4.2 million grant to 
develop a curriculum for grades 
kindergarten through six, is one of 
only two projects selected by the 
National Science Foundation to 
construct comprehensive methods 
of instruction based on the reform 
recommendations of leading 
mathematics and science 
organizations. Laboratory 
experiments developed by 
Wagreich and codirector Howard 
Goldberg over a 14-year period 
form the foundation of the new 


Mrs. Miriam Osier Hyman, Class 
Correspondent, 140 East 72nd 
Street, #16B, New York, NY 10021 
Remindet...Class Reunion 
May 21-23, 1993 

Laurel Frank Brake moved from 
teaching English undergraduates in 
Wales to teaching literature to 
adults at Birkbeck College in 
London. Part of her work includes 
the organization of day 
conferences with subjects ranging 
from George Bataille to post- 
modernism, the fiction of Toni 
Morrison, the work of A.S. Byatt 
and the essays and journalism of 
Virginia Woolf. Barbara "Bunny" 
Beck Castro received her master's 
degree in Spanish in 1991 and 
spent a month in Madrid. She lives 
in Palo Alto, CA, with her all-star 
athlete daughter and son who has 
entered high school. Doris Stein 
Cohen has returned to her regular 

California at Berkeley. Judith 
Rothenberg Feldstein is a real 
estate broker for the Martin 
Bernstein Agency in New City, 
NY, and was named the company's 
top sales associate. Marian K. 
Glasgow, of Marian Glasgow 
Interiors in Newton, MA, 
participated in the interior 
decoration of the 1992 [unior 
League of Boston's show house in 
Milton, MA. Miriam Cohen 
Glickman continues in teaching, 
and is now running her own 
tutoring service for middle and 
high school students in 
mathematics. She is also busy 
parenting her two sons, ages 12 
and 16. Susan Weitzman 
Greenman completed an M.B.A. 
degree at the University of North 
Carolina at Charlotte and has 
begun an internship with a local 
business. Her sons. Herb and 
David, completed their freshman 
year at the University of 
Pennsylvania, while daughter, 
Rachel, is starting high school. 
Jewel Naxon Klein tried her first 
medical malpractice jury trial this 
past year and received vindication 
for her client and a large verdict. 
She has two children now in 
college and one in law school, lives 
in Chicago and is still happily 
married to Steven, her husband of 
26 years. Nancy Kramer is an 
attorney practicing law with New 
York Attorney General Robert 
Abrams. She lives in New York 
City with her husband and sons 
and says that she cherishes her 
memories of Brandeis. Lucy Gold 
Landesberg is an assistant 
professor of mathematics m the 
basic education program at Nassau 
Community College in Garden 
City, NY, while her husband, 
Joseph, is a professor and chair of 
the chemistry department at 

Ira T. Lott. MD. 

Kennedy Shriver Center for Mental 
Retardation in Waltham and was 
on the faculty of Harvard Medical 
School. He lives in Mission Viejo, 
CA, with his wife and their two 
children. Emily Schottenfeld 
Stoper IS chair of the political 
science department at Califomia 
State University in Oakland and 
the recipient of the 1991-1992 
Outstanding Professor Award. She 
has written two books, one 
entitled Student Non-Violent 
Coordinating Committee: The 
Growth of Radicalism in a Civil 
Rights Organization, and one on 
women and public policy. She and 
her husband, Amie, enjoy folk 
dancing and are helping their 22- 
year-old disabled son make the 
difficult transition to adulthood as 
a younger son adjusts to his teens. 
Linda Russack Tobin returned to 
India over the summer to 
volunteer, 30 years after her initial 
visit. She lives in Cleveland and 
says that all is well with her 
children, Maya, age 23, Joshua, age 
14, and Daniel, age 12. Alix Ingrid 
Weiss-Sharp is looking forward to 
a long visit to Chile, now that 
democracy is slowly being rebuilt, 
and says that life, family and work 
have been good in Nashville. 


Rochelle A. Wolf, Class 
Correspondent, 1 13 Naudain 
Street, Philadelphia, PA 19477 

David J. Levenson joined the law 
firm of Venable, Baetjer, Howard &. 
Civiletti, specializing in the area of 
securities, corporate and business 
law in the Washington, DC, area. 


Anne Reilly Hort, Class 
Correspondent, 4600 Livingston 
Avenue, Riverdale, NY I047I 

Richard B. Epstein arranges 
specialized tours for groups and 
individuals in New York, 
including "Friends of the New 
York Philharmonic Orchestra," 
the International Chamber 
Orchestra of New York and the 
Brandeis University men's and 
women's basketball teams. Steven 
M. Goldstein has been named 
associate dean for academic affairs 
at the Florida State University 
College of Law. He also received 
the Tobias Simon Pro Bono Service 
Award, which is given annually by 
the chief justice of the Florida 
Supreme Court to the attorney 
who has provided the most 

Steven M. Goldstein 

outstanding pro bono legal service 
in the state of Florida. Laura 
Hapke is a professor of English at 
Pace University in New York City 
and the author of Girls Who Went 
Wrong and the newly released 
Tales of the Working Girl: Wage- 
Earning Women in American 
Literature. 1890-1925. Hermine S. 
Leiderman has been working part- 
time as a hearing officer for the 

56 Brandeis Review 

Dear Readers, 

Brandeis University provides an atmosphere of intellectual rigor and an enriching 
personal experience for academically promising students who seek 
challenge. In recent years, competition for these talented young people has 
increased, especially among selective institutions like Brandeis. 

For the past two decades, the Brandeis University Alumni Admissions Council has 
been a significant resource in helping the University identify prospective 
students through its active international network of more than 1 ,000 Brandeis 
graduates. This year, the Alumni Admissions Council celebrates its 
20th anniversary, and I offer my congratulations and sincere appreciation to the 
many individuals who have been a part of this vital aspect of the University's 
undergraduate recruitment efforts. 

All members of the Brandeis community can aid the University in its recruitment 
efforts. If you know or are aware of able students in your community who 
could benefit from a Brandeis education, I urge you to complete the attached 
prospective student referral card and return it to the Office of Admissions. 
Dean Gould and the members of his staff will follow up your referral and acquaint 
the student with the many opportunities and challenges available at Brandeis. 
This is an easy and effective way to help Brandeis strengthen its recruitment and 
outreach efforts nationwide, and your participation is welcomed. 


Samuel O. Thier 



Brandeis Parent(s) 

Child's Name 



Richard B. Epstein 


November 26,1990 


Richard A. Litoff 

Beniamin Michael 

May 23, 1992 

Marc Zauderer 

Joel Herbert 

January 31,1992 


Katherine Abrams 

Leah Deborah 

December 16, 1991 


Margaret Bleichman 

Jacob Beryl, "Koby" 

March 8, 1992 

Lauren Pinter-Brown, M.D. 

Benjamin Harrison 

March 27, 1992 

and Spencer L. Brown, M.D. 

lacqueline Sonnabend 

Jonathan Todd Rich 

November 3, 1991 


Bari Stauber Adelman 

Corey Sam and 
Kevin Scott 

April 22, 1992 

Brenda Marsh Golombek and 


November 30, 1991 

Steven Golombek 


Judy Groner Havivi 

Tal Binyamin 

Februarys, 1992 

Andrew J. Nathan 

Jake Marshall 

April 17, 1992 

)udi S. Shostack 

Alana Rachel and 
Jeremy David 

May 1, 1992 

Gail Beckenstein Severn 

Lindsay Madelmu 

April 18, 1992 


Linda R. Alpert 

Jeffrey Alan 

April 13, 1992 

Deborah Shalowitz Cowans 

Deena Shira 

May 2, 1989 

Aaron Isaac 

July 21, 1991 

Ellen Kreisworth 


September 30, 1990 

Karen Schneider Rosen and 

Rebecca Lauren 

April 24, 1992 

Ronald Rosen '78 


(ill Blumencranz Glickman 

Jane Hillary 

March 29, 1992 

Ellen Freeman Roth 


September 22, 1989 

Madeline Glenna 

January 19, 1992 

Nancy Hamburger Starr 

Alexander Bryan 

January 2, 1992 


Hallie Shapiro Clemm 

Benjamin Scott 

June 9, 1989 

Remy Grace 

October 23, 1991 

Leslie Ann Furie 


February 20, 1990 

Carly Sara 

March 12, 1992 

Debbie Goldberg Pollak 


March 17, 1992 

Bruce Zamost 

Madeline Paige 

February 25, 1992 


Peggy Gartenbaum 

Kenneth Andrew 

May 22, 1992 

Jessica E. Kahan 

Daniel Louis 

April 16, 1991 

Irene F. Wolpert 

Derek Franklin 

February 23, 1992 


Jennifer Berday 

Sarah Arielle 

September 28, 1991 

Rhonda Held Dupler 

Samantha Ivy 

June 28, 1992 

Deborah Bornstein Sosebee 

Hannah Leah 

March 12, 1992 


Martin A. Hyde 

Stephen Philip 

June 6, 1992 

Michelle Silber Kaish and 

Michael Ian 

April 5, 1992 

Harvey C. Kaish '82 

Fran Shonfeld Sherman 

Leora Sarah 

December 1, 1991 

Heidi Smith-Hyde 

Andrew Eric 

January 6, 1990 

Beth Pearlstein Tofel 

Carly Michelle 

Aprils, 1992 


Susan Hurowitz Fink 

Gregory Lloyd 

April 6, 1992 

llene Taback Graff 

Melanie Rachel 

December 30, 1991 

Susan Hart and 

Blair Hart 

April 26, 1991 

Gregory Newman 

Lisa Antell Lichtenberg and 

Lauren Molly 

May 27, 1992 

Michael S. Lichtenberg 

Thomas E. Mountain 

Jennifer Odette 

March 25, 1992 

Illinois State Board of Education, 
and hopes to return full-time to 
practicing law if the job market 
opens up. She and her husband, 
Michael Leiderman '66, still live in 
Highland Park, IL, with their two 
children, Jill, age 20, and Eric, 
age 15. 


Jay R. Kaufman, Class 
Correspondent, One Childs Road, 
Lexington, MA 02173 
Reminder...Class Reunion 
May 21-23, 1993 

Marsha Davis Andelman is vice 
president of operations at Fidelity 
Investments Service Company in 
Boston and an active theater and 
concert goer. She continues to be 
an enthusiastic parent to her two 
daughters. Amy Kazis Avgar 
received her Ph.D. in sociology 
from Hebrew University in Israel, 
where she met her husband, Amos 
Avgar. They live in Jerusalem 
where she is a free-lance writer for 
various magazines on women's 
issues and on the board of the 
Israel Women's Network and he 
works on Soviet issues for the 
Joint Distribution Committee. 
Jonathan Brant was appointed 
associate justice of the Cambridge 
District Court by Massachusetts 
Governor William Weld. In 
addition, his book. Law and 
Mental Health Professionals: 
Massachusetts, a treatise on 
Massachusetts mental health 
designed for both lawyers and 
therapists, was published by the 
American Psychological 
Association. Kathleen E. Carroll 
and her husband, Ron White, live 
in Saudi Arabia and work for the 
Saudi Arabian Oil Company. She 
teaches kindergarten in the Saudi 
Aramco school in the community 
of Udhailiyah, where her students 
are not only from the Middle East, 
but also from Asia, the 
subcontinent, Europe and the 
northern and southern westem 
hemisphere. Elisa Maria Hinojosa 
works for the Instituto 
Tecnologico de Monterrey where 
she is developing the admission 
test for graduate students. She and 
her husband, Gerardo Mancillas, 
live in Monterrey, Mexico, and 
have two daughters in college. 
Sarah "Andi" John, M.D. passed 
the specialty certification board in 
emergency medicine, and 
celebrated by taking trips to 
Ecuador and Mexico with her 
husband. Bob Roberts. Mitchell S. 
Klein, music director of the 
Peninsula Symphony in Northern 
California, has made conducting 
debuts with the San Jose 
Symphony and at Stanford 
University. He has held 
conducting positions with the 
Kansas City Philharmonic and 

Santa Cruz Symphony and has 
conducted the Seattle Symphony, 
Richmond Symphony and the 
Eastern Philharmonic. He and his 
wife, violist Patricia Whaley, live 
m Oakland, CA, and have one 
daughter, Elizabeth, age 2. Donna 
Schultz McDowell is practicing 
general law out of her home in 
"rural" Montgomery County, MD, 
and is pursuing a master's degree 
in environmental biology at Hood 
College in Frederick, MD. She also 
has two children, ages 8 and 16. 
Martin S. Pernick was promoted to 
full professor at the University of 
Michigan, Ann Arbor, and is 
publishing his book on 20th 
century eugenics, The Black Stork, 
with Oxford University Press. He 
reports that one of the biggest 
events of the year was having his 
original Club 47 membership card 
autographed by Tom Rush. 
Beatrice "Triss"Finkelman Stein 
sold her first mystery novel that 
should be out soon, most likely 
under the name of Murder at the 
Class Reunion. She finds writing 
exciting, but is keeping her day job 
at McKinsey &. Company. Her 
oldest daughter attended Brandeis 
University's Summer Odyssey 
Program for high school students 
and they would love to share their 
experiences with anyone 
interested in the program. Eric M. 
Uslaner is a professor of 
government and politics at the 
University of Maryland and was a 
visiting Fulbright professor of 
American studies and political 
science at Hebrew University of 
Jerusalem. He has also lectured in 
Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou, 
China, and is the author of Shale 
Barrel Politics. He and his wife, 
Deborah, live in RockviUe, MD, 
with their son, Avery Benjamin. 


Jo Anne Chemev Adlerstein, Class 
Correspondent, 76 Glenview Road, 
South Orange, N) 07079 

Marc Zauderer, M.D. was elected 
vice president of the Central New 
England Dental Research Group. 
Marc maintains a private dentistry 
practice in North Chelmsford, 


Carol Stein Schulman, Class 
Correspondent, 7 Stonehenge, 
Great Neck, NY 11023 

Richard M. Horowitz won the 

1992 National Headliner Award 
for Outstanding Syndicated 
Column |On a Variety of Subjects) 
for his twice-weekly column of 
political satire and social 
commentary that appears in 

58 Brandeis Review 

newspapers nationwide. He 
recently relocated from 
Washington, DC, to Milwaukee 
and, after a statewide competition, 
received the Milwaukee Press 
Club's Award for (oumalistic 
Excellence in Magazine Writing for 
his story about the struggle to 
complete the Dictionary of 
American Regional English. 
Margaret A. Kelly has been 
appointed vice president of media 
and program services at Bristol- 
Myers Squibb in New York City. 
She is responsible for the purchase 
and implementation of the 
company's broadcast media and for 
program production and 
development Bernard J. McGinn, 
a scholar of medieval history and 
theology at the University of 
Chicago, was named the Naomi 
Shenstone Donnelley Professor in 
the Divinity School. He has 
published several works including 
Meister Eckhart: Teacher and 
Preacher and The Foundations of 
Mysticism: Origins to the Fifth 
Century, the first volume of a 
planned four-volume series 
entitled The Presence of God: A 
History of Western Christian 
Mysticism, and is a member of the 
Committee on Medieval Studies 
and the Program on General 
Studies in the Humanities. 


Mark L. Kaufman, Class 
Correspondent, 28 Devens Road, 
Swampscott, MA 01907-2014 

Thomas S. Crow, Jr. has completed 
his first semester of graduate 
school with a 4.0 average at the 
Academy of Art College in San 
Francisco Jacob S. "Jack" 
Dembowitz was promoted to vice 
president of investments at Smith 
Barney. Formerly a second vice 
president, he is now based at the 
firm's Mt. Laurel, NJ, office. 
Steven Friedell wrote an article 
comparing lewish law and feminist 
jurisprudence that was published 
in the Indiana Law lournal 


Paula L. Scheer, Class 
Correspondent, 133 Park Street, 
Brooklme, MA 02146 
Reminder...Class Reunion October 
1-3, 1993 

Margaret O'Toole received the 
Cavallo Prize for her discovery of 
serious flaws in a paper published 
by superiors at M.I.T. and her 
moral courage in maintaining her 
position despite inordinate 
pressure. It has come to our 
attention that the biographical 
listing for Rhonda Pollack Spiro 
was inadvertently omitted from 
the 1992 Alumni Directory. Dr. 

Spiro is alive and well, and living 
at 350 W. Deene Park Drive West, 
Highland Park, IL 60035. 
Elizabeth L. Vitale received a 
Psy.D. degree from the University 
of Hartford in May, 1992. She and 
her husband have two sons, Jonah, 
age 12, and David, age 9. 


Elizabeth Sarason Pfau, Class 
Correspondent, 80 Monadnock 
Road, Chestnut Hill, MA 02167 

Katherine Abrams was a guest 
speaker at the first Graphic Artist 
Guild Eye-to-Eye Conference in 
Washington, DC, in June. She 
presented the "Illustrators' Pricing 
Game," discussing factors that 
affect illustration lees in a variety 
of markets. In April 1992, William 
C. Brouillard was promoted to 
managing vice president of the 
Boston office of Alexander & 
Alexander, a global insurance 
brokerage and risk management 
services company. Robert A. Creo 
was appointed adjunct professor, 
specializing in alternative dispute 
resolution, at the Duquesne 
University School of Law. Betsy 
Sarason Pfau and her husband, 
Daniel R. Pfau '73, are proud to 
report that their son, David, 
entered the first grade to discover 
among his classmates Nkroi Still 
and Bobby Vainstein, the children 
of Brandeis basketball coach Ken 
Still '72 and Lisa Styer '72, 
respectively. Steven T. Ruby, M.D. 
has been elected to a two-year 
term as president of the medical 
staff of the University of 
Connecticut Health Center's John 
Dempsey Hospital. He has been at 
the Health Center since 1987 
when he was appointed assistant 
professor of surgery, chief of the 
vascular surgery section and 
associate director of surgical 
education. David J. Tracy, a real 
estate and corporate lawyer, has 
joined McGovem Noel & Benik, 
P.C. in Providence, RI. 


Leslie Penn, Class Correspondent, 
Marshall Leather Finishing, 43-45 
Wooster Street, New York, NY 

Barbara S. Alpert, executive editor 
at Bantam Books, has edited 
Barbara Mandrell's best-selling 
autobiography, as well as books by 
Shirley MacLaine, Louis L'Amour 
and Paul Harvey. She is also a 
freelance writer who has written 
short stories and copy for nearly 
600 book jackets. Peter B. Schiff, 
M.D., Ph.D. was appointed 

Peter B Schiff MD PhD 

professor and chair ot the 
Department of Radiation Oncology 
of Columbia University and 
director of the radiation oncology 
service at Presbyterian Hospital. 
While obtaining his Ph.D. in cell 
biology, Schiff discovered the 
molecular and cellular 
mechanisms of action of the anti- 
tumor drug, taxol. Taxol has been 
described by the director of the 
National Cancer Institute as the 
most exciting new antineoplastic 
agent in the last 10-15 years. He 
recently obtained the approval of 
the National Cancer Institute to 
conduct the first clinical trial 
combining taxol and radiation 
therapy in the treatment of locally 
advanced breast cancer. In addition 
to his work on taxol, Schiff is 
considered one of the leaders in 
the use of conformal radiation for 
prostate cancer treatment and has 
made significant contributions m 
the treatment of head and neck 
cancer and genitourinary 
malignancies. Todd Silverstein, 
Ph.D., professor of chemistry at 
Willamette University in Salem, 
OR, has been awarded a Fulbright 
scholarship to lecture and conduct 
research at the University of Oslo, 
Norway, in 1993. 


Beth Pearlman Rotenberg, Class 
Correspondent, 2743 Dean 
Parkway, Minneapolis, MN 55416 

Rabbi Susan R. Abramson lives in 
Burlington, MA, with her husband, 
Vladimir Ovorkm, and has been 
the rabbi at Temple Shalom Emeth 
for the past eight years. Margaret 
Bleichman received the 1992 
Community Service Award from 
the Massachusetts Lesbian and 
Gay Bar Association for her work 
in establishing domestic partner 
benefits at Lotus Development 
Corporation. As principal software 
engineer there, she developed the 
database subsystem of Lotus 1-2-3 
for the Macintosh computer. 
Bleichman lives in Brooklme, MA, 
with her partner of 14 years, Cindy 
Rizzo, and their two children, 
Jonah Samuel, age 6, and Jacob 
Beryl, "Koby," age 8 months. 

Alexander P Chartove is managing 
partner t the Washington, DC, 

tt L ot Spensley Horn, )ubas &. 
L I t a law firm specializing in 
Ikctual property law. He and 
I Ic Dcbra C Kalter, a 

1 1 t live in Bethesda, 

Ml I) ir II Hayden has been 
I itive creative 

I I id ir Associates, an 

mtcnuti nal identity management 
and design consulting firm. Prior 
to joining Landor he directed the 
print graphics program for the 
U84 Los Angeles Olympic Games, 
taught graphic design at Otis/ 
Parsons and wrote for Artweek 
magazine He lives in California 
with his wife, Brenda, and their 
two young children and enjoys 
painting Santa Barbara seascapes in 
his free time. Jacqueline 
Soimabend is vice president of 
human resources for Sonesta 
International Hotels in Boston, 
MA. She is also active in the 
Brandeis Business and Professional 


Fred Berg, Class Correspondent, 
150 East 83rd Street, Apt. 2C, New 
York, NY 10028 

Bati Stauber Adelman lives in 
West Orange, N(, with her 
husband. Marc. She is enjoying the 
challenge of raising three children, 
Nikki, age 3, and the latest 
additions, twin sons, Corey Sam 
and Kevin Scott. Julie A. Black 
continues to work as deputy press 
spokesman for the U.S. House of 

Banking, Finance and Urban 
Affairs in Washington, DC, while 
her husband, Robert Shepard, is a 
speech writer for the Bureau of 
International Affairs at the 
Department of Labor and author of 
Nigeria. Africa and the United 
States: From Kennedy to Reagan. 
Marilyn Golden, policy analyst for 
the Disability Rights Education & 
Defense Fund and Americans with 
Disabilities Act (ADA) training 
coordinator, was named the 1992 
"Tranny" Citizen of the Year by 
the California Transportation 
Foundation. The award honors her 
work on the ADA, especially the 
portion of the law dealing with 
access to public transportation. 
Marcia Regenbogen Kaufman is a 
teacher of special education 
working with learning disabled 
students in New York City. She 
lives in Manhattan with her 
husband, Sid, and their two 
children, Matthew, age 8, and 
Erica, age 4. 



Valerie Troyansky, Class 
Correspondent, 210 West 89th 
Street #6C, New York, NY 10024 
Reminder...Class Reunion 
October 1-3, 1993 

Lisa N. Binder works part time as a 
psychotherapist and an adoption 
specialist and lives in New York 
City with her husband, Joe 
Rutkowski and their two sons, 
Benjamin, age 5, and Daniel, age 2. 
Mark H. Blecher, M.D. has entered 
his sixth year of private practice in 
ophthalmology in Pennsylvania. 
He also enjoys teaching at the 
Wills Eye Hospital and performing 
surgery with the residents. David 
Braiterman is proud to announce 
that he has opened Braiterman 
Law Offices in Concord, NH, a 
firm that concentrates in family 
law and commercial litigation. He 
is also counsel to the firm of Engel 
& Gearreald in Exeter, NH. His 
wife, Lisa Gertler Braiterman, has 
joined UNITIL Service 
Corporation, a public utility 
holding company, as a supervisor 
in power supply planning. Ann 
Bolts Bromberg is production 
editor for A/M, a monthly 
magazine for the jewelry 
manufacturing industry. She and 
her husband, Arthur, have three 
children, Yoseph, Sarah and 
Malka. Arthur Chakofsky-Lewy is 
a member of the psychology 
faculty at the University of 
Alabama at Birmingham, studying 
early development of autistic 
children and other infants with 
developmental handicaps. He and 
his wife are the proud parents of 
two-year-old Naomi. Rabbi Dayle 
Friedman has returned to her 
position as chaplain of the 
Philadelphia Geriatric Center after 
honeymooning in Mexico with her 
husband, Robb Hutler. Susan B. 
Gellman received an award in 
journalism and mass 
communications from the Bill of 
Rights Institute and the 
Association of Educators for her 
article, "Sticks and Stones Can Put 
You in Jail, But Can Words 
Increase Your Sentence- 
Constitutional and Policy 
Dilemmas of Ethnic Intimidation 
Laws," published in the University 
of California Law Review. In 1989, 
Jill D. Oberhofer Goodman started 
her own breast-feeding fashions 
mail order company called Deliccs 
for New Mothers, Ltd., a service 
that provides stylish clothing that 
allows for discreet breast-feeding. 
She lives in Tacoma, WA, with her 
husband and their sons, Geoffrey, 
age 3 1/2, and Bradley, age 2. Since 
receiving her Ph.D. in psychology 
from Stanford University in 1982, 
Andrea R. Halpern is a tenured 
associate professor at Bucknell 
University, conducting research 
and teaching cognitive psychology. 
She has taken two leaves — one at 

the Montreal Neurological 
Institute in 1989 and one in I99I- 
92 at the University of California 
at Los Angeles. She lives in 
Pennsylvania with her husband 
and fellow faculty member, Owen 
Floody, and still devotes as much 
time as she can to her hobby of 
choral singing. Judy Groner Havivi 
is the Hebrew studies coordinator 
at B'nai Shalom Day School. 
Frederic Hirsch is vice president of 
home video and pay television at 
the Motion Picture Association of 
America where he has worked for 
over 10 years. He lives m New 
York City with his wife, Karen 
Weiss '80, and their two sons, 
Matthew, age 5, and Andrew, age 
3. Steffi Aronson Karp has created 
a new business, the Tree of Life 
Book Club, which is a catalog of 
Jewish books for nursery/day/ 
religious school students that 
simultaneously promotes Jewish 
literacy and serves as a school 
fund-raiser. She is also a member 
of the Union of American Hebrew 
Congregations' (UAHC) 
Commission on Religious Living, 
and spends five days each summer 
at Brandeis as a participant in the 
UAHC national study kallah. Paul 
Kaytes is working as a molecular 
biologist for Upjohn, and also 
works m area theaters as a 
production stage manager. Neil J. 
Kressel, Ph.D. was elected chair of 
the department of psychology at 
William Paterson College in 
Wayne, NJ. He has also edited 
Political Psychology: Classic and 
Contemporaiy Readings, which 
will be published in spring 1993. 
He lives in Leonia, NJ, with his 
wife, Dorit, a Fordham University 
law student. Harry A. Lebowitz, 
JVI.D. completed a mission to 
Central America where he 
performed cataract surgery for 
indigent patients in El Salvador. 
He IS an associate clinical 
professor of ophthalmology at the 
Temple School of Medicine in 
Philadelphia, PA, and lives in 
Chadds Ford, PA, with his wife, 
Penelope. Cheryl J. Levin is the 
author of a new chapter in 
Matthew Bender's RET: 
Condominium Law &) Practice. 
entitled "Anti-discrimination 
Laws and Housing." iVIary E. 
Lovely and her husband, John 
Yinger, teach in the economics 
department at Syracuse 
University. They adopted their 
first child, Cara, last November. 
Stephen L. Mainzer was graduated 
from the Yale School of 
Management in May 1 99 1, and is 
seeking a position in equity 
research or distressed securities. 
He lives with his sister, brother-in- 
been playing golf and taking extra 

classes at Yale. Alan Mann has 
been living happily in Brooklyn 
Heights, NY, for the four 
years. The Llmhin.i; ennipany he 
founded in l''N4 witli Ins brother, 
Stuart Mann '82, i- thriving. He 
has two preschool daughters. After 
five years as a faculty member at 
the University of Califomia/San 
Fernando Valley Program in 
Psychiatry and a year of private 
practice in Missoula, MT, Sharon 
K. Melnick, M.D. says she is 
having her first midlife crisis and 
will be h\in,i:, wi iikiiii; .md writing 
in Mo.sL I iw , KussKi, ini the next 
year or twn Rev. David "Duffy" 
Roberts is senior pastor of the 
Austmtown, OH, Community 
United Church of Christ. He and 
his wife, Susan, telebrated their 
10th .uwiy, I- IV', ii:i! li,i\e a son, 
Ian, a,m i , Hannah, 

age2 H.iili,ii,i Wuli s,,Kucciis 
directi-u v: .idv-ju-u:;., lur Creative 
Hairdressers, Inc., "The Hair 
Cuttery." Previously, she spent 12 
years with the Marriott 
Corporation. She and her husband. 
Bob, live in Bethesda, MD. Serena 
E. Sara is pleased to announce the 
completion of the leiiiiideling of 
her chii.'pi.i. n. -:i . , m South 
Miami I , nu 

classiii.r. n. see the 

new IniiMiM DilinMh Silverman 
is supervising .ind teaching 
graduate social work students and 
working with families and 
children with special health care 
needs. She lives in Los Angeles 
with her 3 I /2-year-old daughter, 
Hilda Arielle, and enjoys running 
into oth.-r iliinini m rhr Southern 
Call!.. 1 1 siis.inn., s,, 

Ruth Strauss Fleischmann, Class 
Correspondent, 8 Angier Road, 
Lexington, MA 02 1 73 

Linda R. Alpert is back at work as 
a litigation attorney with Smith 
Barney in New York City after a 




Tuchinau -■ u! A ,i ■• ■■. business 
last year L.illed The Mortgage 
Shopper, a customized mortgage 
shopping service for consumers. 
David F. Urrows and his wife, 
Hope Steele, returned from two 
years in Hong Kong and China last 
fall and have since moved back to 
Lynn, MA, where they bought an 
1846 Gothic Revival house that 
they are busy renovating. He is 
chair of the City of Lynn Cultural 
Planning Committee, and is 
running the music program at St. 
Paul's in North Andover, as well 
as working on several 
commissions for new works. Trina 
Walzer-Yerlick lives in Berkeley, 
CA, with her husband and their 
two sons, Avidan, age 6, and 
Mishael, age 3. She and her 
husband opened up Shai's, their 
own restaurant and catering 
business in Kensington, and they 
are busy catering weddings and 
Bar/Bat Mitzvahs. Gary Yurow has 
recently moved to Louisville, KY, 
where he joined Medical Center 

1 folio 

the birth 

of her son, Jeffrey Alan Karell. Ira 
B. Fultonberg is a physical 
therapist at Norwalk Hospital. He 
received a B.S. in physical therapy 
from the State University of New 
York Health Science Center at 
Brooklyn College of Health 
Related Professions and has moved 
to Fairfield, CT, with his wife, 
Elise Zavadoff, a registered 
dietitian, and two-year-old son, 
Lome. Jonathan D. Klein was 
appointed assistant professor in 
pediatrics at the University of 
Rochester Medical School, 
Division of Adolescent Medicine. 
He and his wife, Susan Cohn, live 
in Rochester, NY, with their son, 
Daniel, age 4, and daughter, 
Amanda, age 1 . Ellen Kreisworth is 
office manager for McQueeney 
Chiropractic & Physical Therapy 
Center in Exeter, NH. She resides 
in Exeter with her husband. Dr. 
William McQueeney, and their 
daughter, Rachel. Heidi Libner 
Littman, M.D. was graduated from 
Case Western Reserve University 
School of Medicine and is pursuing 
a residency in pediatrics at 
Cleveland Clinic, while her 
husband, Daniel A. Littman '76, 
manages the financial planning/ 
budget department at the Federal 
Reserve Bank of Cleveland. Naomi 
Levenson Schaffer was recently 
transferred by GTE from Houston 
to Atlanta. She is happily settled 
with her husband, Henry, and their 
two sons, Jacob, age 4, and Adam, 
age 2. 


Lisa Gelfand, Class Correspondent, 
19 Winchester Street #404, 
Brookline, MA 02146 

Deborah G. Cumrais was admitted 
to the California bar and is 
practicing civil and criminal 
litigation in Los Angeles. Lynn D. 
Flanzbaum has been named an 
assistant vice president, private 
bank operations, at Rhode Island 
Hospital Trust National Bank. Her 
department is responsible for 
common trust fund and money 
market fund valuation, accounting 
and processing for the Bank of 
Boston and its affiliates. She is also 

Temple Beth-El in Providence and 
serves as assistant treasurer on the 
temple's board. After practicing 
law in Boston for a couple of years, 
Joy Gordon began a Ph.D. in 
philosophy at Yale University and 

60 Brandeis Review 

News Notes 

is completing a dis 
Latin American Marxist thought. 
She spent a year in Central 
America and Cuba doing research 
and teaching a graduate course in 
philosophy at the University of 
Havana. On her travels, she 
managed to view Mayan ruins, 
visit remote mountain villages and 
sample the salsa, rum and dancmg. 
Lynn S. Marqnlies received her 
Ph.D. psvJiolosym 
1988, IS ,111 .illLiulini;ps\chologlst 
at I, ,111 instructor 
in psychology at Hai-vard Medical 
School and is in private practice in 
Arlington, MA, specializing in 
trauma and dissociative disorders. 
Ellen D. Freeman Roth runs her 
own business as a writer, editor 
and public relations consultant 
while her husband, Steven, is a 
retail management consultant. 
They live in New lersey with their 
son, loshua, age 3, and infant 
daughter, Maddie. Patricia E. 
Spence joined First Night in 
Boston as general manager of the 
International Alliance of First 
Night Celebrations that provides 
support and organizational services 

I E. Spence 

for First Night celebrations in 
cities around the world. She is also 
the grant wnter,'proieet 
coordin.itnr nl tlie P.iieiit Power 
Project, .1 IJ-p.iu .iiulio video 
cassette series .m liow 10 care for 
your child. I'rcviously, she served 
for eight years as senior account 
manager at Digital Equipment 
Corporation and was the recipient 
of the iys7Bl,iek Achievers' 
Award tinm ilie Boston 
YMCA .uul Hi.iiuleis LIniversity's 
Bruce R. M.ivpei Memorial Award 
for Community Service. 


Matthew B. Hills, Class 
Correspondent, 16 Harcourt, Apt. 
3E, Boston, MA 021 16 

Larry Coen has been developing 
innovative museum exhibits that 
deal with multicultural issues 
including two that are on display 
at the Children's Museum in 
Boston and will tour to museums 
around the United States. The 
first, "Getting Across to Each 
Other" IS an interactive vidcodisk 

on children's experiences of racism 
and prejudice, which is a part of 
the "Kids' Bridge" exhibit 
displayed at the experimental 
gallery of the Smithsonian 
Institution. The second, "Tetsuo's 
Room," is a computer-run, 
multimedia production as part of 
the "Teen Tokyo" exhibit that 
will enjoy a three-year run at the 
Children's Museum. Jeffrey L. 
Menkin has performed with 
ComedySportz, a professional 
improv troupe in Washington, DC. 
He IS keepm.i; his d.iv inb with the 
U.S. nep.irinienii.l Uistice. Amy 
Weber Rosen, iu lis lui own 
company in l.?hlton, Nl, Blue 
Ridge Oil, which distributes 
lubricants and other chemical 
products. She lives in Mahwah, NJ, 
with her husband and three 
children, ages 10, 7 and 4. Bruce 
Zamost is a partner at Brown & 
Connery, a litigation law firm in 
Westmont, NJ, where he 
specializes in plaintiffs' product 
liability cases. He and his wife, 
Linda, and daughter, Madeline, 
live in Cherry Hill, NJ. 


Ellen Cohen, Class Correspondent, 
I7S ISth Street NE #318, Atlanta, 
GA .10309 

Nicolas Bernheim was the 

entitled The Long Winter, a 
Spanish film set during their Civil 
War The film was released in 
Eurnpe ,iml shownin Los Angeles 
.11 tiK Fihii Institute Ion M. Braverman, M.D. 
is chiet ot the Division of 
Ophthalmology at Denver General 
Hospital, specializing in ocular 
trauma and anterior segment 
surgery and a member of the 
faculty at the University of 
Colorado School of Medicine. 
Aside from work, he eniovs skiing 
the Rockies with .1 p.issmn ,ind has 
traveled 800 miles .leicss ihe B.11.1 
desert from Tecate 1.1 (."abo S.m 
Lucas by dirt bike, lessica E. 
Kahan, enjoying her child care 
leave from her job as a high school 
humanities teacher in New York 
City, is copresident of J & D 
Management Group, specializing 
in real estate. She lives in Great 
Neck, NY, with her husband, 
Davul, .uul s,.,; I Mnu I DeboraS. 
Lewisoliii ■. I ish in 

Englin.' iinanM.A. 


William W. M.iiu 
heahhlau p,.i.u.. ,^u,up of 
Bowditch £^ Dewey. A member of 
the Massachusetts and Boston Bar 
Associations, the National Health 
Lawyers Association and the 
Healthcare Financial Management 
Association, his volunteer efforts 


lined the 

What have you been doing 
lately? Let the alumni office 
know. We invite you to submit 
articles, photos (black and 
white photos are preferred] and 
news that would be of interest 
to your fellow classmates to: 

Office of Alumni Relations 
Brandeis University 
P.O. Box 91 10 
Wakham, MA 02254-91 10 

William M. Mandell 

include the Anti-Defamation 
League, the American Cancer 
Society and the Boston College 
Law School Holocaust/Human 
Riglits |;..-i I .11 I';.. . 1 1 Dina 
Sharuel I'l.M.iiiskv Med her 

BranJi I lavid 

Projansk) Sli ■ . . : ue.ison, 
Yoni, burnm 19^0 Irene F. 
Wolpert received her MBA. from 
the Wharton School at the 
University of Pennsylvania in 1986 
and IS a vice president m Merrill 
Lynch's housing finance 
department. She and her husband, 
Ian, live in the country with their 
son, Derek. 


Brandeis Degree and Class Year 



Eileen Isbitts Weiss, 456 9th Street 
#30, Hoboken, Nl 07030 
Reminder...Class Reunion 
October 1-3, 1993 

Following the birth of her 
daughter, Sarah Arielle, Jennifer 
Berday is back at work part-time 
as a home care social worker. 
Bonnie Berger Leighton, Ph.D. is 
an assistant professor in the 
mathematics department at M.I.T., 
where she received her Ph.D. m 
electrical engineering and 
computer science m 1990. Since 
then she has been a National 
Science Foundation mathematical 
science postdoctoral research 
fellow. She and her husband, Tom 
Leighton, Ph.D., live m Newton 
Centre, MA Deborah Bornstein 
Sosebee moved to California from 
New York City with her husband, 
Michael, to raise their first child, 
Hannah Leah. 


Marcia Book, Class Correspondent, 
98-01 67th Avenue #14N, 
Flushing, NY 11374 

Andrew M. Cohen, M.D. finished 
his residency and is practicing 
radiation oncology at the Treasure 
Coast Radiation Oncology Center 
in Port St. Lucie, FL. Gloria S. 
Goldstine received her M.Ed, from 
the Universtty of Massachusetts at 
Amherst and is teaching at 
Woodside Children's Center, 
which is affiliated with Amherst 
College. Douglas M. Monasebian, 

Please check here if address is 
different from mailing label. 

Demographic News 
(Marriages, Births) 

If you know of any alumni who 
are not receiving the Brandeis 
Review, please let us know. 

Brandeis Degree and Class Year 


Due to space limitations, we 
usually are unable to print lists 
of classmates who attend each 
other's weddings or other 
functions. News of marriages 
and births are included in 
separate listings by class. 



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FAX: (212) 228-3897 

M.D., D.M.D. received his Doctor 
of Dental Medicine degree from 
tfic University of Pennsylvania and 
his medical degree from the 
University of Nebraska School of 
Medicine before entering the 
Maxillofacial Surgery Residency 
Program at the University of 
Nebraska Medical Center in 
Omaha. After completion of his 
residency, he and his fiancee, 
Jacqueline London, a regional 
account coordinator for Lancome 
Cosmetics, plan to move back to 
the Northeast. Fran Shonfeld 
Sherman is an editor at 
Encyclopedia Britannica and a 
freelance violinist. She and her 
husband, Jonathan, live in 
Highland Park, IL, with their two 
preschool daughters, Debbie and 


Dehra Radlauer, Class 
Correspondent, 101 West 90th 
Street #19F, New York, NY 10024 

Ellen Baker Awrich is working as a 
trademark attorney at the U.S. 
Patent and Trademark Office in 
Arlington, VA. She and her 
husband, Howard, live in 
Gaithersburg, MD. Christopher 
Bean has been elected to a second 
term on the board of directors of 
the Southeastern Massachusetts 
Chapter of the American Red 
Cross and serves as vice chair of 
the organization's Plymouth 
Region Advisory Board. He 
received his M.B.A. from Boston 
University in 1989 and operates a 
real estate management, 
development and consulting firm 
mrlvmouth, MA. LouisA. 
Gordon's article, "Arthur Koestler 
and His Ties to Zionism and 
Jabotinsky," was published in the 
Autumn 1991 edition of Studies In 
Zionism. In addition, he published 
a review of Tough lews in the 
Jewish Voice of Southern New 
Jersey and a short story in the 
Jewish Spectator. Robert E. 
Heyman is a mathematician with 
the Department of Defense and 
has moved to Owings Mills, MD. 
Philip J. Katzman was graduated 
from the University of Vermont 
College of Medicine and is starting 
a pediatric internship associated 
with the University of Rochester 
in Rochester, NY. France Lopez 
exchanged wedding vows with 
Jihad Chahine in their hometown 
of Lawrence, MA, where she is 
practicing law and he is a master's 
candidate in engineering. Also in 
attendance where fellow 
classmates, Christopher Bean and 
Anaya E. Baiter 

Ulyse Shindler Habbe, Class 
Correspondent, 89 Turner Street, 
Brighton, MA 02135 

Lawrence G. Freedman assumed 
the position of assistant rabbi at 
Temple Sinai in Roslyn Heights, 
NY, while his wife, Deborah 
Postelnek Freedman, continues to 
work for the Brotiklyn district 
attorney's office and has begun 
trying homicide cases. Andrea 
Saperstein Gropman was graduated 
from the University of 
Massachusetts Medical School in 
June where she received the 
Hewlett Packard Top Medical 
Graduate Award. She has begun 
her residency training in pediatrics 
in Maryland at Johns Hopkins 
Hospital. Jennifer L. Rosenberg is a 
marketing manager for Lederle 
Consumer Health Care after 
completing her M.B.A. from the 
Wharton School of the University 
of Pennsylvania where she was 
head writer of the Wharton Folhes. 


Vanessa B. Newman, Class 
Correspondent, 45 East End 
Avenue, Apt. 5H, New York, NY 

Alan N. Kay completed his third 
year of teaching social studies and 
has published his first book, 
entitled Jamestown Journey, a 
historical novel for young adults. 
His wife, Heidi Halpern Kay, is 
celebrating the opening of her 
executive search firm, Kay & 
Associates, specializing in the 
placement of engineering 
personnel in the medical device 
manufacturing industry. They are 
enjoying their son, Joshua Ethan, 
and report that they are rapidly 
outgrowing their house in 
Chesapeake, VA. Lisa Lederman 
Littman was graduated from 
Robert Wood Johnson Medical 
School with an M.D. and a 
community service award for her 
activities in women's health and 
reproductive rights. She has begun 
a residency in obstetrics and 
gynecology at Allegheny General 
Hospital at the Medical College of 
Pennsylvania while her husband, 
Michael Littman, is working 
toward a Ph.D. in computer 
science at Carnegie Mellon 
University. Heidi Siegel Oletsky, 
M.D. is a neurology resident at the 
University of Maryland Hospital 
where her husband, Jon Oletsky, 
M.D., is an anesthesia resident. 
She plans to conduct neuroscience 
research following her residency. 

Susan Tevelow, Class 
Correspondent, 268 Grove Street, 
Apt. 5, Auburndale, MA 02166 
Reminder...Class Reunion 
October 1-3, 1993 

Martin A. Abeshaus earned the 
Dun &. Bradstreet Corporation 
1991 Presidential Citation Award 
for the position of financial 
analyst. The award is based on the 
amount and accuracy of corporate 
data collected over the previous 
year and allowed he and his 
fiancee, Aviva L. Troobnick, to 
enjoy a six-day, all expenses paid 
trip to Maui, Hawaii. They 
currently reside in Allentown, PA. 
Rachel A. Altura, M.D. received 
her M.D. in May from Washington 
University in St. Louis and has 
begun a residency in pediatrics at 
the Children's Hospital in St. 
Louis. Tali Isaacs Axelrod 
previously worked in desktop 
publishing at Merck & Co. in New 
Jersey and is enrolled in a full-time 
master's of education program at 
Kean College. Todd J. Batson has 
returned to Quincy, MA, after 
spending several months in 
Amsterdam, Holland. Edward L. 
Benjamin works as a reporter for 
the "Cable 6 Nightly Report" in 
Middletown, NY. Robin B. Bersch 
was graduated from Albert 
Einstein College of Medicine in 
June and is a first-year resident in 
family practice at the University of 
Connecticut in Hartford. Carolyn 
Corn Binchoupan received her J.D. 
from the Boston University School 
of Law in May 1991 and passed 
both the New York and 
Connecticut bar exams. She 
practices matrimonial law and 
employment discrimination law at 
Leeds & Morelli, Esquires, in Carle 
Place, NY. She and her husband, 
Robert, who practices law in 
Garden City, NY, honeymooned in 
Hawaii. Jeffrey P. Bollinger was 
graduated from Pepperdine 
University School of Law. 
Kathleen J. Caproni enjoys taking 
painting and pottery courses at 
Woodstock. Adam J. Cheyer, a 
software engineer with Bull S.A. in 
Paris, France, is taking a year off to 
pursue a master's degree at the 
University of California at Los 
Angeles. Aimee L. Close is in her 
third year as executive director of 
the Tremont Street Shul in 
Cambridge, MA, and has moved to 
nearby Brookline, MA. Renee F. 
Cohen received an M.B.A. in 
finance from New York University 
in May 1992. After backpacking 
through Europe, she is now 
working at Technology 
Management Group as a 
management consultant to 
biotechnology and pharmaceutical 
firms. Evan Lawrence Cohn was 
graduated from the George 
Washington University School of 
Medicine in Washington, DC. 

62 Brandeis Review 


Kevin M. Costello completed a 
judicial clerkship and has begun 
work as a litigation associate at 
Tomar, Simonoff, Adourian & 
O'Brien in Haddonfield, N]. His 
wife, iWarissa Weinstein Costello 
'87, also completed a judicial 
clerkship. Cheryl A. Florence has 
been traveling with Loren B. Baron 
'91 in the Far East since August of 
last year, teaching English at a 
middle school in Beijing and 
touring Malaysia, Singapore and 
Indonesia. She has kept in touch 
with Arianna Licet Ariza who 
reports that Cheryl is returning to 
the United States this year to 
pursue graduate studies. Karen R. 
Fine received a doctor of veterinary 
medicine degree from Tufts 
University School of Veterinary 
Medicine and was the recipient of 
the William M. Moulton Award in 
international veterinary medicine. 
Stephanie G. Fine is the 
coordinator for the Women's 
Studies Program at Brandeis 
University and the staff assistant 
to the National Board for Women's 
Studies at Brandeis. Scott S. 
Glickman was graduated from Mt. 
Sinai School of Medicine in May 
and has begun an internship at Mt. 
Sinai Medical Center in Miami, 
FL. Eric B. Goldberg is in his third 
year at Suffolk Law School in 
Boston. Laurence W. Groffman 
entered his fifth and final year of 
the Rabbinic program at the Jewish 
Institute of Religion, The Reform 
Seminary at the Hebrew Union 
College in New York City and is 
living in Hoboken, NJ. David R. 
Guillen began residency training 
in general surgery at the 
University of Texas Southwestern 
Medical Center, which includes 
Parkland Memorial Hospital in 
Dallas. Gregory G. Harris was 
graduated from Tufts University 
School of Medicine's combined 
M.D./M.Ph. program and is 
beginning an internal medicine 
internship at Faulkner Hospital to 
be followed by a psychiatry 
residency at Beth Israel Hospital in 
Boston. Faye M. Hollander 
produces programs for New Jersey 
Public Television, simultaneously 
combining her interest in 
television and her desire to do 
something that matters. Shira E. 
Horowitz finished two years of 
teaching in Brookline, MA, and 
has begun graduate school at 
Harvard University's School of 
Education. Debora M. Katz-Stone 
is working toward her Ph.D. in 
astrophysics and volunteering with 

the Twin Cities Habitat for 
Humanity Women's Project, an 
all- female construction program. 
Her husband, Adam Katz-Stone, is 
a staff writer for the American 
Jewish World and the recipient of a 
Rockower Award for journalistic 
excellence. Steven ]. Kaye was 
graduated from the University of 
South Carolina in May with an 
M.B.A. and is working in London, 
England, for a subsidiary of the 
Miami-based pharmaceutical 
company, IV AX Corporation. 
Dmitry Khasak has begun medical 
residency training at Columbia- 
Presbyterian Medical Center in 
New York City. Lisa B. Kushnit 
works in the public relations 
department at Deaconess Hospital 
in Boston and is pursuing a 

communications at Boston 
University. Michelle I. Leder has 
been living in Central Florida since 
graduation and working as a 
business reporter for the 
Biadenton Herald. She reports that 
living in Florida has changed her 
Brooklyn accent into a Southern 
drawl. Thomas Linfield is in Paris, 
France, with his wife, Karla M. 
Soarcs '86, where she is studying 
for an M.A. in French through a 
program with Middlebury College. 
Jonathan A. Mclntyre is the senior 
information management and 
technology specialist in software 
support at Digital Equipment 
Corporation and has moved to 
Framingham, MA. Kalman Miller 
was graduated from Western New 
England College School of Law. He 
spent the last year at Cardozo 
School of Law in New York City 
where he was a member of the 
Moot Court Board along with 
James E. Schwalbe '90 Together, 
their team won the Fordham Law 
School Irving I. Kaufman National 
Securities Law Moot Court 
Competition. Lisa A. Morse 
became engaged and is living in 
Watertown, MA, and working as a 
therapist in Brighton, MA. Eric A. 
Polinsky continues to practice law 
in the Hartford, CT, firm of 
Polinsky &. Santos where he hopes 
to expand the practice into wills, 
estate planning and real estate law. 
He lives with his wife, Jill, a 
special education teacher, in their 
new home in Avon, CT. James M. 
Reichman was graduated in May 
with an M.D. degree from George 
Washington University Medical 
School with honors in obstetrics. 
He has begun a residency m 

Hospital in New York City. David 
M. Rosenblum won his first court 
case with the Equal Employment 
Opportunity Commission 
involving age discrimination in 
which he successfully convinced 
the jury to grant back pay in the 

Class Name 



Richard B. Epstein to Michele Korf 

Mindy J. Littman to Grant Holland 

David L. Markell to Mona Jacobs 

Rabbi Susan Abramson to 

Vladimir Ovorkin 

Julie A. Black to Robert Shepard 

Rabbi Dayle Friedman to Robb Hutler 

Neil J. Kressel, Ph.D. to Dorit Fuchs 

Steven Hamburg to Kathleen Hams 

Judy Gitomer to Steven Secon 

Bonnie Berger to Tom Leighton 

Kaylah Zelig to Paul Campos 

Martin A. Abeshaus to Aviva Troobnick 

Carolyn S. Corn to Robert Bichoupan 

Beth R. Fleischman to Steven L. Zweibel 

Scott S. Glickman to Beth L. Kaplan 

Thomas Linfield to 

Karla M. Scares '86 

Robyn Rosenau to Lee A. Spirer 

Barry S. Ross to Michelle H. Finkelstein '( 

Eric L. Schnur to Andrea M. Cota 

David P. Silverman to Hildy S. Zevin 

Susan I. Tevelow to Steven Feinstein 

Andrea B. Wean to Scott H. Kremer 

Marci R. Weiser to Jeffrey Gelb 

Jodi Weiss to Steven Halper 

May 7, 1989 
April 26, 1992 
June 9, 1991 
June 23, 1991 

April 5, 1992 
May 17, 1992 
August 11, 1991 
May 22, 1992 
March 28, 1992 
August 25, 1991 
July 31, 1992 
October 11, 1992 
June 21, 1992 
May 24, 1992 
June 13, 1992 
December 26, 1 99 1 

May 24, 1992 
I October, 1 99 1 
August 22, 1992 
May 27, 1991 
August 22, 1992 
May 30, 1992 
May 3, 1992 
June 14, 1992 


Douglas M. Monasebian, M.D., D.M.D. to Jacqueline A London 

Dan J. Berman, Esq. to Ilene Weisbard 

Amy L. Levy to Jonathan Bergner 

Paul Eisenberg to Toby Boshak '88 

Lori B. Brown to Jon Hulak 

Stephanie G. Fine to Aly Maroun 

Melissa J. Glickman to David Mellman 

Laurie J. Greenwald to Mark A. Saloman '89 

Michelle I. Leder to Scott Cooper 

Douglas B. Rosner to Erin Higgins 

Susan J. Teubel to David Kalinec 

Orna Okouneff to Josh Safer 

Lisa B. Drate to Neil Jacobson 

Leah A. Gittlitz to Robert Schiffman 

Cindy Handler to Michael Steinberg '90 

Charlee Leimberg to Robert Sterling 

Janet L. Henner to Michael J. Wolf 

Holly R. Litwin to Tod Northman 

Judi Stillman to Roy Schwartz '89 

Carol A. Aschner to Jarett Weintraub '91 

63 Fall 1992 



Vantage Press 

Subsidy Publishing 


Since 1949 more than 15,000 
authors have chosen the Vantage 
Press subsidy publishing program. 

You are invited to send for a free illustrated 
guidebook wtiicti explains how your book can 
be produced and promoted. Whettier your sub- 
^_^____^^===^ lect IS fiction, non- 
fiction or poetry, 
scientific, scholar- 
ly, specialized 
(even controver- 
sial), this hand- 
some 32-page 
brochure will show 
you how to ar- 
range for prompt 
subsidy publica- 
tion. Unpublished 
authors will find this booklet valuable and infor- 
mative. For your free copy, write to: 

VANTAGE PRESS, Inc. Dept. B-87 
516 W. 34th St., New York, N.Y. 10001 

amount of $400,000. He says lie 
believes those legal studies classes 
at Brandeis have really paid off, 
Douglas B. Rosner is a first-year 
associate at the Chicago-based law 
firm of Sonnenschein, Nath & 
Rosenthal. Barry S. Ross has begun 
a residency program at Mount 
Sinai Hospital in New York City 
while his wile, Michelle H. 
Finkelstein 'S'), was graduated 
from Hofstra Law. Debra J. 
Rubenstein was graduated from 
Rutgers Law School in Newark, 
NJ, and was admitted to the New 
York and New lersey bars. She has 
been serving as a law clerk for the 
Honorable Marianne Espinosa 
Murphy in Morristown, NI. Jay 
Ruderman will be graduating from 
Boston University Law School in 
the Spring of 1993. Terence A. 
Sack continues to work in the 
baseball card wholesaling business 
and may reenroU in an M.B.A. 
program, Elise B. Schlackman 
completed her first year at Cardozo 
School of Law in New York City 

Cardozo Women's Law Journal. 
She also worked for the Hebrew 
Immigrant Aid Society, helping 
Soviet lews to emigrate to the 
United States, Matthew H. 
Schwartz was graduated from 
Pcppcrdine University School of 
Ljw in M.ihbii, CA, andwas 
.RLcptcd intii the producer's 
prii,v;r.ini .u the University of 
California Graduate School of Film 
and Television, He is working in 
the entertainment industry, 
writing television scripts. His 
work on copyright law was 
published in the Beverly HiUs Bar 
A\-,uchitinn Imunal. Nancy Sender 
icceivcd .1 ) [1 in May from the 
Tourii L.nv Center in Huntington, 
NY, where she was a member of 
the .Sulliilk liar /ournai editorial 
board, David P. Silverman, a 
market intelligence manager for 
AT&T, has started a home 
business called Car Connections 
while his wife, Hildy S. Zevin, is a 
customer service representative for 
Proctor & Gamble, Robyn Rosenau 
Spirer was graduated from Mount 
Sinai School of Medicine and 
began a residency training program 
in Pediatrics/Psychiatry/Child 
Psychiatrv at Mount Sinai in liily. Her husband, Lee 
A. Spirer '88 was graduated from 
the Wham in School of Business at 
the University of Pennsylvania and 
IS a consultant to financial 
institutions with Booz Allen and 
Hamilton m New York City. 
Susan ). Teubel has been teaching 
hi.uh slIkhiI En.nhsh and German in 
I'.iit St Liiue, FL, since 1989, She 
Is mnvm.i; to Maryland, 
accompanied by her fiance, David 
Kalinec, to begin graduate studies 
in English at the University of 
Maryland at College Park, Susan I. 
Tevclow received her M.B.A, from 
Babson College and has moved to 
Columbus, Ohio, where her 
husband, Stephen, is with Price 
Waterhouse, Philip S. Thomas has 
been working as a software 
engineer for Digital Equipment 
Corporation in Nashua, NH, for 
the past four years and has 
completed a master's of science 
degree in computer information 
systems from Boston University, 
Andrea B. Wean and Scott H. 
Kremer were married in May in 
Newton, MA, with fellow 
classmates Fredrica L. Strumpf, 
Cheryl L. Kaufmann and Marc M. 
Morrison in attendance. Scott was 
graduated magna cum laude from 
the New England School of Law, 
admitted to the Massachusetts bar 
and is serving as a ludicial clerk in 

the Superior Court of 
Massachusetts for the 1992-93 
term. Andrea took a position as 
direct mail specialist with Banker 
& Tradesman, a real estate data 
publishing company, after a stint 
as a copywriter in an advertising 
agency. They spent their 
honeymoon aboard a Caribbean 
cruise and now live in Newton, 
MA, Marci R. Weiser was 
graduated from George 
Washington University School of 
Law and has returned to the 
Boston area with her husband, 
leffrey Gelb, for his residency 
training in orthopedic surgery at 
Tufts New England Medical 
Center, Jodi Weiss was graduated 
from the Columbia University 
School of Dental and Oral Surgery 
in May 1992 and has begun her 
residency at North Shore 
University Hospital. Robert S. 
Zarum received his M.D. degree 
from the University of 
Massachusetts Medical School in 
June and has begun a residency in 
general surgery at the University 

ofCnniu.ih. ,, liM.itcd lungton, 

CT Belli /ueibel 
works lui lib. u.iiiic.ilulliceof 
Hadassah in New York City while 
her husband, Steven L. Zweibel, 
was graduated from the New York 
University School of Medicine and 
IS in a residency program in 
internal medicine ,it Columbia- 
Presbyterian Hospital in New York 


Karen L. Gitten, Class 
Correspondent, 35 Crosby Road 
2nd Floor, Newton, MA 02167 

, J. Cohen received her |,D, 
from the Washington College of 
Law at American University and is 
a clerk at the Superior Court of 
New Jersey, Peter M. Lefkowitz 
received a J,D. degree in May from 
the Touro Law Center in 
Huntington, NY, Gons Nachman 
is attending the University of 
Pennsylvania Law School. Orna 
Okouneff is working on 
investment systems at Societe 
Generate Bank in New York City. 
Mark A. Saloman was graduated 
from the University of 
Pennsylvania School of Law. Amy 
J. Weinstein is in the University of 
California at Berkeley's Ph.D. 
program in dramaturgy and 
directing and says she would love 
to hear from members of the Mod 
16 alumni association. 


Judith Libhaber, Class 
Correspondent, 33 Third Avenue, 
Apt, 16K2, New York, NY 10003 

Benjamin D. Ebel was graduated 
from the Kenan-Flagler Business 
School at the University of North 
Carolina at Chapel Hill, He is now 
working for Arthur Andersen's 
small business group in New York 
City, Leah A. Gittlitz finished her 
second year at the New York 
University School of Medicine. 
Her fiance, Robert Schiffman, will 
be attending Columbia Business 
School in the fall. Tamar Hela 
Gollan moved to Tucson, AZ, to 
begin a Ph,D. program in clinical 
and cognitive neuropsychology. 
She thanks Scott M. Sokol '84, her 
mother and Professor Art 
Wingfield for all their support. 
Stella A. Levy received her 
master's degree in education and 
has accepted a third grade teaching 
position at the Hackley School in 
Tarrytown, NY. Diane Ross loined 
the Navy in January 1992 and 
completed the United States Navy 
Officer Indoctrination School at 
the Naval Education and Training 
Center in Newport, RI. 


Andrea Kramer, Class 
Correspondent, 5343 Washington 
Street, West Roxbury, MA 02132 

Janet L. Henner is working for IBM 
in Atlanta while her fiance, 
Michael J. Wolf, has completed his 
first year at Emory University 
Medical School, Thomas J. Kates is 
working as a freelance 
photographer in Boston. His first 
solo photo exhibition took place at 
the Cornelius Ayer Wood Gallery 
in Concord, MA, last year. 


Beth C, Manes, Class 
Correspondent, c/o Brandeis Office 
of Alumni Relations, P,0, Box 
9110, Waltham, MA 02254-91 10 


Laura Abramson |Ph.D, '91, Heller 
School) is regional director of 
Teach for America in Arkansas 
where she hopes to make the 
program succeed by capitalizing on 
community advice and support. 
David M. Austin (PhD, '69, Heller 
School), acting dean of the School 
of Social Work at the University of 
Texas at Austin and the Bert 
Kruger Smith Centennial Professor 
in Social Work, received the first 
Lifetime Achievement Award in 
the Teaching of Social 
Administration, presented by the 
Association for Community 
Organization and Social 

where she i 

ember of the 

Brandeis Review 

produced and published her 
seventh book, We Speak For Peace: 
An Anthology, which is a powerful 
collection of pro-peace and anti- 
war poems and prose selected from 
3,000 submissions she received 
from people of all ages and 
occupations throughout the 
United States. Jacobs will be doing 
readings from this book 
throughout the country and 

Your gill to the Braiideis 
.4iuiual Fluid provides 
muiual operational 
suppoit to eruich die 
educational experience: 
for the esteemed faculn. 
student scholaisltips and 
financial assistance, for 
the iiuiovative academic 
and student leadersliip 
progi'ams and for die 
outstanding facilities for 
intellectual and social 

the tmpact of child abuse and 
domestic violence on the mem 

tims and the 
ital health 
misdiagnose them 
idults. As a result, 
patients are often 
d for their 
lems and that their 
ompoimded. Parts 
re published in 
Journal of 
•ntal Health, Social 
'ffice of Mental 
tavid G. Roskies 
'h.D. '75, NEJS), 
dish literature at 
>logical Seminary 
ublished The 
ther Wiitmgs, the 
Schocken Books' 
sh Classics. 
erstein |'58, Ph.D. 
;tor of the Herman 
ih Studies and the 
el Berman 
•ish Studies at 
ity, edited and 
duction m the New 
/ Press volume, 
es on Israeli 
-irly Years of the 
le first volume in 
Iter series called 
ves on Jewish 
lich he serves as 
iheila Silver (M.A. 
nusic), an associate 
sic at the State 
ew York at Stony 
world premiere of 
1, "To the Spirit 
performed by the 
concert sponsored 
Port Jefferson Arts 
1 Gerber Spire 
sh) has published 
The Kingdom of 
h is the story of a 
ning to 

n 1940s Brooklyn, 
he name of Merrill 
f her other works 
the World, which 
cart Editor's Book 
ntering Man. 
in (M.F.A. '73, 
s the recipient of a 
Vward and a 
ard for the 
am "Brooklyn 
1 M. Wronka (Ph.D., 
>ol) was invited to 
nposium on Non- 
State University of 
tica in May on the 
subiect of "Teaching Human 
Rights in the Social Sciences." He 
IS also principal investigator for 
the Universal Declaration of 
Human Rights Pro)ect and wrote 
Human Rights and Social Policy 
in the Twenty-First Century, 
which was published in May, 


News has been received that John 
Robert Vega 77 passed away as the 
result of an industrial accident in 
Rockland, IL. He was an employee 
of American Environmental, Inc. 
of Portland, OR, and former owner 
of J.R.V. Industries of Boston. He is 
survived by his wife, Linda Clark 
Vega, a stepson, Robert E. "Bobby" 
Vega, and six siblings. Brian 
Timothy Wilson '77 died of a heart 
attack on July 7, 1992. He was 
employed as the Minority and 
Women Business Enterprise 
manager for the Massachusetts 
Port Authority, where his 
assignment was to assure fair 
opportunities tor minorities and 
women as consultants and 
contractors for the firm. He was on 
the New England Minority 
Purchasing Council's Certification 
Committee and a member of 
MASSPORT's Concerned Minority 
Employee Committee. He was also 
senior class speaker at his 
graduation from Brandeis, and a 
member of the planning 
committee for the 1987 Third 
World Reunion. Survivors include 
his brother, Captain Leon A. 
Wilson, Jr., and two sisters, 
Marguerite A. Wilson and Theresa 
E. Wilson-Mendez. 


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: of $400,000. He says he 
lieiieves those legal studies classes 
at Brandeis have really paid off. 
Douglas B. Rosner is a first-year 
associate at the Chicago-based law 
firm of Sonnenschein, Nath & 
Rosenthal. Barry S. Ross has be,gun 
a residency program at Mount 
Sinai Hospital in New York City 
while his wife, Michelle H. 
Finkeistein '89, was graduated 
from Hofstra Law. Debra J. 
Rubenstein was graduated from 
Rutgers Law School in Newark, 
Nl, and was admitted to the New 
York and New Jersey bars. She has 
been serving as a law clerk for the 
Honorable Marianne Espinosa 
Murphy in Mornstown, NJ. Jay 
Ruderman will be graduating from 



■ Scho 

the Spring of 199.? Terence A. 

and m.i\ •' 1 I'. A. 

program I li-i ;; s, lil.u kiiiaii 
complcti .1 li> I III -.1 \. . I ,11 i,:ard 
School of L.iw in New York Cit: 
where she is a member of the 

Cardozo Women's La 
She also worked for tl 
Immigrant Aid Societ 
Soviet Jews to emigrai 
United States. Matthe 
Schwartz was gradual 
Pepperdine University 
Law in Mahbu, CA, ai 
aceepted into the proc 


right lav 

the Beve 
.'Usnt„i(i,,(i Inurnal.T 
leecivedal.D in May 
Touro Law Center in 
NY, where she was a 
the Suiliilk Hat Joutm 
board. David P. Silver 
market intelligence n 
AT&T, has started a 1 
business called Car C' 
while his wife, Hildy 
customer service repr 
Proctor & Gamble. R( 
Spirer was graduated I 
Sinai School of Medic 
began a residency trai 
in Pediatrics/Psychiat 
Psychiatry at Mount ! 
Hospital in July. Her 1 
A. Spirer '88 was grad ^ 

the Wharton School o ; 

the University of Pen I 

institutions with Boo. z~ 

Hamilton m New Yoi Z— 

Susan (. Teubel has hi 3— 

high school English ai ;— 

Port St. Lucie, PL, sin =" 

IS moving to Marylan "^ 

accompanied by her fi Z— 

Kalinec, to begin grad ^ 

in English at the Uni\ z 

Maryland at College I ^ 
Tevelow received her 

Babson College and h E_ 

Columbus, Ohio, whi Z 

husband, Stephen, is ' ^_ 

Waterhouse. Philip S. =_ 

been working as a sof ^ 

engineer for Digital Ei — 

Corporation in Nashi z_ 
the past four years an^ 

degree in computer in 
systems from Boston 
Andrea B. Wean and 5 
Kremer were married 
Newton, MA, with fe 
classmates Fiedrica L 
Cheryl L. Kaufmann i 
IMorrison in attendance. Scott was 
graduated magna cum laudu from 
the New England School of Law, 
admitted to the Massachusetts bar 
and IS serving as a judicial clerk in 

g TJ O) OJ 
3 X v> V) 

z m 


" m 

program in dramaturgy and 
directing and says she would love 
to hear from members of the Mod 


Judith Libhaber, Class 
Correspondent, 3i Third Avenue, 
Apt. 16K2, New York, NY 10003 

the Teaching of Social 
Administration, presented by the 
Association for Community 
Organization and Social 

64 Brandeis Review 

Administration (ACOSA). Austin, 
a founder of ACOSA, received the 
award during the 1992 annual 
program meeting of the Council on 
Social Work in Education in 
Kansas City, MO. He recently 
chaired the Task Force on Social 
Work Research. Ruth Ben-Ghiat 
IPh.D. '91, history!, assistant 
professor of history at the 
University of North Carolina at 
Charlotte, was awarded a 
postdoctoral fellowship at the 
Getty Center for the History of Art 

Ruth Bcn-Ghuit 

and the Humanities. She is 
spending the 1992-93 academic 
year in Los Angeles writing a book 
entitled Culture and National 
Identity in Fascist Italy. Linda C. 
Brennan (M.F.A. '88, theater arts] 
is a member of the faculty of the 
American Academy and works as a 
dialects/accent coach in theater 
and the film industry. Cindy 
Chazan |M.A., '74, NEIS) is 
executive director of the lewish 
Federation of Greater Hartford. She 
was previously director of the 
women's division of the Jewish 
Federation of Greater Hartford and 
director of its special leadership 
development group and resides in 
West Hartford with her husband. 
Jay Leipzig, and their two children, 
Deborah, age 16, and Eric, age 3. 
Shirley Girouard (Ph.D. '88, Heller 
School) is executive director of the 
North Carolina Center for Nursing 
in Raleigh, NC. The center is a 
new agency of the state 
govenunent created to address a 
number of issues related to the 
supply and demand of nursing 
services. Ruth Harriet Jacobs (MA. 
'69, Ph.D '69, sociology) has 
produced and published her 
seventh book. We Speak For Peace: 
An Anthology, which is a powerful 
collection of pro-peace and anti- 
war poems and prose selected from 
3,000 submissions she received 
from people of all ages and 
occupations throughout the 
United States. Jacobs will be doing 
readings from this book 
throughout the country and 

abroad. Joannemarie Klein (MA. 
'88, history) completed her Ph.D. 
at Rice University and began work 
as an assistant professor of 
European history at the University 
of South Carolina at Sumter. Sin- 
Doo Lee (Ph.D. '88, physics) 
returned to Korea to ioin the 
physics department of Sogang 
University as a professor in 
February, where he is conducting 
research on liquid crystals and 
polymeric materials. Edward P. 
Morgan (M.A. '73, Ph.D., '76, 
politics), professor of government, 
was chosen as a co-wirmer of the 
Christian R. and Mary F. Lindback 
Award for distinguished teaching 
during the academic year by a 
senior member of the faculty at 
Lehigh University in Bethlehem, 
PA. Morgan specializes in political 
and social movements in the 
United States, propaganda and 
socialization in American society 
and American politics. He recently 
received a grant from C-SPAN for 
use of C-SPAN videos in the 
teaching and study of 
.governmental propaganda. Kate 
Myre iM F A '^)2, thL-atcr arts), 

Longmuir, Catherine Palfenier, 
Paul Tavianini and Matt Williams, 

created the Boston Repertory 
Theater and began a 1992 summer 
venture which they hope will 
continue to thrive throughout this 
year and into the future. Current 
graduate students in the theater 
department and some 
undergraduate theater students 
joined the recent graduates in the 
production of three repertory 
productions that played between 
July 3 and August 10 at the new 
Lyric Stage on Clarendon Street in 
downtown Boston. Andrew Hill 
Newman (M.F.A. '82, theater arts) 
costarred in "Only Kidding," a 
new play about the lives of stand- 
up comics, at West Los Angeles's 
most critically acclaimed small 
theater since 1969, the Odyssey 
Theatre. "Only Kidding" was 
nominated for two Drama Desk 
Awards during a smash New York 
run and opened in April at the 
Odyssey, with the original cast and 
director. Newman may also be 
seen in the feature film, Lethal 
Weapon 3. last summer's box- 
office hit. Stephen M. Rose (B.A. 
'61, Ph.D. '70, Heller School) 
conducted a study demonstrating 
the impact of child abuse and 
domestic violence on the mental 

health of its victims and the 
tendency of mental health 
professionals to misdiagnose them 
as mentally ill adults. As a result. 
Rose found that patients are often 
not being treated for their 
underlying problems and that their 
symptoms are compounded. Parts 
of the study were published in 
Hospital and Commuiuty 
Psychiatry, The Journal of 
Community Mental Health, Social 
Work and the Office of Mental 
Health News. David G. Roskies 
('69, M.A. '71, Ph.D. '75, NEJS), 
professor of Yiddish literature at 
the Jewish Theological Seminary 
in New York, published The 
Dyhbuk and Other Writings, the 
third volume in Schocken Books' 
Librarv of Yiddish Classics. 
Laurence J. Silberstein ('58, Ph.D. 
'72, NEJS), director of the Berman 
Center for Jewish Studies and the 
Philip and Muriel Berman 
Professor of Jewish Studies at 
Lehigh University, edited and 
wrote the introduction in the New 
York University Press volume. 
New Perspectives on Israeli 
History: The Early Years of the 
State. This is the first volume in 
the Berman Center series called 
"New Perspectives on Jewish 
Studies," for which he serves as 
general editor. Sheila Silver (M.A. 
'74, Ph.D. '76, music), an associate 
professor of music at the State 
University of New York at Stony 
Brook, had the world premiere of 
her composition, "To the Spirit 
Unconquered," performed by the 
Guild Trio at a concert sponsored 
by the Greater Port Jefferson Arts 
Council. Merrill Gerber Spiro 
(M.A. '81, English) has published 
her latest book, The Kmgdom of 
Brooklyn, which is the story of a 
young girl's coming to 
consciousness in 1940s Brooklyn. 
Writing under the name of Merrill 
Gerber, some of her other works 
include King of the World, which 
received a Pushcart Editor's Book 
Award, and Chattering Man. 
Samuel Weisman (M.F.A. '73, 
theater arts) was the recipient of a 
Golden Globe Award and a 
Humanitas Award for the 
television program "Brooklyn 
Bridge." Joseph M. Wronka (Ph.D., 
'92, Heller School) was invited to 
speak at the Symposium on Non- 
violence at the State University of 
New York at Utica in May on the 
subject of "Teaching Human 
Rights in the Social Sciences." He 
is also principal investigator for 
the Universal Declaration of 
Human Rights Project and wrote 
Human Rights and Social Policy 
in the Twenty-First Century. 
which was published in May, 


News has been received that John 
Robert Vega '77 passed away as the 
result of an industrial accident in 
Rockland, IL. He was an employee 
of American Environmental, Inc. 
of Portland, OR, and former owner 
of J.R.V. Industries of Boston. He is 
survived by his wife, Linda Clark 
Vega, a stepson, Robert E. "Bobby" 
Vega, and six siblings. Brian 
Timothy Wilson '77 died of a heart 
attack on July 7, 1992. He was 
employed as the Minority and 
Women Business Enterprise 
manager for the Massachusetts 
Port Authority, where his 
assignment was to assure fair 
opportunities for minorities and 
women as consultants and 
contractors for the firm. He was on 
the New England Minority 
Purchasing Council's Certification 
Committee and a member of 
MASSPORT's Concerned Minority 
Employee Committee. He was also 
senior class speaker at his 
graduation from Brandeis, and a 
member of the planning 
committee for the 1987 Third 
World Reunion. Survivors include 
his brother. Captain Leon A. 
Wilson, Jr., and two sisters. 
Marguerite A. Wilson and Theresa 
E. Wilson-Mendez. 

University Grandfather Clock 

We take great pride in offering the Brandeis University 
Grandfather Clock. This beautifully designed commem- 
orative clock symbolizes the image of excellence, 
tradition, and history we have established at Brandeis 

Recognized the world over for expert craftsmanship, the master 
clockmakers of Ridgeway have created this extraordinary clock. 

Special attention is given to the brass lyre pendulum which depicts 
the Official University Seal in deeply 
etched bas relief; a striking enhancement 
to an already magnificent clock. Indeed, 
the clock makes a classic statement of 
quality about the owner. 

Each cabinet is handmade of the 
finest hardwoods and veneers in a 
process that requires over 700 separate 
steps and the towering clock measures an 
imposing 83"H x 23"W x 13"D. 
Finished in brilliant Windsor Cherry, the 
clock is also enriched with one of the 
most advanced West German timing 
mechanisms. Exceptionally accurate, 
such movements are found only in the 
world's finest clocks. 

Enchanting Westminster chimes peal 
every quarter hour and gong on the hour. 
If you prefer, the clock will operate in a 
silent mode with equal accuracy. 
Beveled glass in the locking pendulum d( 
and sides add to the clock's timeless and h: 

You are invited to take advantage ot a convenient monthly 
payment plan with no downpayment or finance charges 
Reservations may be placed by using the ordei lorm Credit caid 
orders may be placed by dialing toll free 1-800-346-2884 The 
original issue price is $899.00. Include $82 00 for insured shipping 
and freight charges. 

Satisfaction is guaranteed or you ma) return your clock within 
fifteen days for exchange or refund. Whether selected toi your 
personal use or as an expressive, distinctive gift the Brandeis 
University Grandfather Clock is certain to become an heirloom 
cherished for generations. 

r'imVATIONFm'BRANMS GRAND?™ Cl"()"cK "" 

iss dial door 

C.rmdiilkr tloi-kiM 

Please accept my order for Brandeis Uii 

$899.00 each. '0'-'""'''> 

(Include $82.00 per clock for insured shipping and fre%ht ch irgcs) 

1 wish to pay for my clock(s) as follows; 

n By a single remittance of $ made pavabk to Sirnca 

LTD.", which I enclose. 

□ By charging the full amount of $ to my crtdit card indicated btlow. 

n By charging my credit card monthly @ $89.90 for a period of ten (10) months. 
Freight charges will be added to the first payment. 1 under.stand there is nc 
downpayment and no finance charges, q ^g Q |^S| Q f^—l 

only, add 6% sales tt 

Full Account Number: Exp. 

*0n shipments lo North Car< 


Mail orders to: Brandeis University Clock, 7o P.O. Box 3345, Wilson. NC 27895. 
Purchaser's Name: — 

. Telephone ( 

I City, State, Zip: 

I Credit Card purchasers may call toll free 1-800-346-2884. 
I All callers should request Operator 75 IB. 

I NOTE: All orders telephoned or postmarked prior to December 5 will be guaranteed 
holiday delivery. Installment orders subject to credit approval. 

Symbolizing a tradition of excellence. 
83" H X 23" W X 13" D 





LaNM.IK. II l.ldl. \l(N.l .111.1 

Wdltn lalfePickw,. iii VjiK.i.aii 
( iNilizanoii ami Politii-i mwm mi 
politici stale and local u;o\( iiiiiic m 
aiuldVK lilf" foi mam Ncai'. i~ .1 
loimfluif; mcnihrr of the 
Massa(hii>(ii>. Board of the Congress 
on Racial K(jualily and has served 
on the boai'd of the Commission on 
Law and Social Action of the 
American Jewish Confriess and on 
theboardof diiv( loi^ .if ihr 
Mexican- Amerirai 1 l.(:;al :ind 
Education Defense Fund. 

(.mlMinin, i,rl I lir riKillnioes of 

amxn Ji iii_in- xmuM i. Bniiideis^s 
M'^IPoiiMl.ihu Your -Hilodax , 
111 I )\ the ( lose of the fiscal year on 
lime 30 1003, helps to ensure 
the financial resources essential to 
facidty and students today. 

Won't you enrich 
the Brandeis experience 
with yoiu* gift to the 
Brandeis Annual Fund? 

Enrich the Experience 

or to 

For further inriir 

make a gih (iltasc call the 

Annual Fuiui Oflicr ai 


Office of the Annual Fund 

Brandeis L niversiiv 

P.O. Box 0110 

Waltham. MA()22.-)-+-QflO 

Appointed by President Keniiedx a> 
the first overseas duector of the 
Peace Coqis. he ser\ed in the 
Philippiii.-fnmi 10(,M0(,;i. II,. 

N\a>al.n,linM.|il,N Prcsidcnl Carl.r 

an.lllir( mv^.a.rxrcnlixr 

carecior,,rihrScl,vi Cmiini-inn,,, 
Inmii-iaiiniiaiidHcrii-,T l',,li,A. 
The t;oiiiJiii,-,?ioir3 report liiMaiiic 
the basis for the hnmigratioii 
Refomi and Control Act of I'Uit) 

An ,,r l<t<)0. k. •/■//,• 

\,urnra„ K<,/<-i)/,.sro/>r: ll<,n: 
iJhiiicilvdiKi Ihi' ( irii- ( iilliin: \\uii 
the l'»')l riic(,d(,iv Salmon Award. 

Professor Fuchs is one of Brandeis' s 
treasured resources. The Brandeis 

Aminal Fimil i. a major iTMHiivr l,H- 
thel iii\,rHlN a>N\rll. (,ih.|(. 
the Brand,:. Aimiial 1 im,l pn.Mdr 
.■riliralmir,.>lnri,.,l dollars in 
iniK.valivcia.'nllv research aiKJ 
iwcrssarv campus mipnivcmciils. 

The Justice Brandeis Society 

Annual contributors of $1 ,000 or more 
become members of the Justice 
Brandeis Society, the recognition club 
for the University's most dedicated 
supporters. As a member, you will be 
listed in the Justice Brandeis Society 
Honor Roll and invited to attend special 
events recognizing your leadership. 
You will join a group of individuals 
taking the lead in creating a strong and 
successful future for the University. 

Annual Membership Levels 

Member $1 ,000-$2,499 

The Castle Club $2,500-$4,999 

The Emet Club $5,000-$9,999 

The President's Circle $10,000-$24.999 
The Supreme Court $25,000-$99,999 

Lifetime Membership Levels 
Benefactor $100,000-$499,999 

Grand Benefactor $500,000-$999,999 
Founder $1 ,000,000+ 

Please see 

Class Notes to 


the prospective 


referral card. 

Makes His Mark on Boston 

indeis Review 

1 has become an 
multicultural and 
nary education 

Joyce Antler '63, Karen Klein 
and Shulamit Reinharz, 
M.A. '69, Ph.D. '77 
with Brenda Marder 


young as nine during 
Its movement recount 
s and terrors of their 

Ellen Levine '60 


1 century attitudes still 

Brenda Marder 


y accomplishments of 
nary man 

Morton Keller 


act now we are going to 
face a future generation so needy 
that the rest of society will look on 
them as lepers," says the new 
Suffolk County D.A. 

Brenda Marder 


Seung-il Shin '64, Ph.D. '68 
Goes Where the 
interesting Science is 

Can a Wien Scholar figure out how 
to mimunize the world's childrent 

Janet Mesrobian 

:, *1 

Around the University 

40 Class Notes 

Faculty Notes 

.awreiicc n. I* 
Walter Jaffe Pi 

Civilization ami I'dlilio. aiiixr In 
politics, state aiid local goveniiiKiii 
and civic life for majiy yeais. i> a 
foiuicluig menilDer of the 
Massachusetts Boaid of the Coiigres 
on Racial EqiialitA and has served 
on the hoard of ihr ( iiniiiiii^sidn un 
Law and Sociiii Vciimi dl ilic 
American Jewish (iuui;n>s and un 
the board of directors of the 
Mexican-American Le£;al and 

ain'xrr-,lK.iioiM-\Nu,l,l ,-, l!r^nid«-i.s 
rrspunMhilily. ^uur-ill l.idaN. 
I ir i ly the close of the fiscal yem- on 
June 30, 1993, helps to ensure 
die financial resources essential to 

Won't you eiu'Icli 
the Brandeis experience 
with yoiu* gift to the 
Brandeis Annual Fund? 


Enrich the Experience 

For further iiiloniialioii or tc 

make a jiih plraM- lall ihe 

Annual Fund Oltiic al 


Office of the Annual l-nnd 

Brandeis Lhiiversity 

P.O. Box QUO 

Waltham. \1A022rH-011() 

Appoinledl.yPreMdeni Krnnedv a- 
the fii-st overseas diiector of die 
Peace Corps, he sened in the 
Phihppmes from 19bl-1')0.i. 1 ie 
was also chosen by President ( iartci 
and the Congress as exrcntivc 
direcK.i-of ilirSi-lrci Coninn^sion u 

ImmiKnilinM;nidHrrn-r,-P.,ll,A.,,!!. n.p,,rtl,r,.nnr 
the basib for the hmnigration 
Refonn and Conti'ol Act of 1 '*.">() 
and the Lesal Inuniirrarion iirfoiin 

Actof 1W(). Hi. lati-Ml k. /'//r 

Ainciiaiii Kdlcidoscopt': /{(ice. 
Ethnicity and the Civic Culture, w 1 1 
the 1991 Tlieodore Salutos Award. 

Professor Fuchs is one of Brandeis\" 
treasured resources. The Brandeis 

AiuMialF li.ainajorrrM.nnvlu 

llu-l nixciMlv a. Nxrll. ( 
llK'lirandri. \iniual Fundprovhlc 
critical nnn-ln.i.-d.l,,llais in 
support 111 .( Ii(ilaislii|i aid. 
iimovati\r lainlix rcsi-arch and 
necessary canipus iiii])rn\ciiiciils. 

The Justice Brandeis Society 

Annual contributors of $1 ,000 or more 
become members of the Justice 
Brandeis Society, the recognition club 
for the University's most dedicated 
supporters. As a member, you will be 
listed in the Justice Brandeis Society 
Honor Roll and invited to attend special 
events recognizing your leadership. 
You will join a group of individuals 
taking the lead in creating a strong and 
successful future for the University. 

Annual Membership Levels 

Member $1 ,000-$2,499 

The Castle Club $2,500-$4,999 

The Emet Club $5,000-$9,999 

The President's Circle $1 0,000-$24,999 
The Supreme Court $25,000-$99,999 

Lifetime Membership Levels 
Benefactor $100,000-$499,999 

Grand Benefactor $500,000-$999,999 
Founder $1 ,000,000+ 

Winter 1993 

Brandeis Review 

Agents for Intellectual 
Change: Women's Studies 
at Brandeis 

The program has become an 
exemplar of mukicukmal and 
interdisciphnary education 

Joyce Antler '63, Karen Klein 
and Shulamit Reinharz, 
M.A. '69, Ph.D. 11 
with Brenda Marder 


Freedom's Children 

Children as young as nine during 
the civil rights movement recount 
the triumphs and terrors of their 

Ellen Levine '60 


Evelyn Fox Keller '57 Reflects 

Why do 17th century attitudes still 
plague science? 

Brenda Marder 


Louis D. Brandeis's 
"Mind of One Piece" 

Extraordinary accomplishments of 
an extraordinary man 

Morton Keller 


Ralph Martin II '74 
Makes His Mark on Boston 

"If we don't act now we are going to 
face a future generation so needy 
that the rest of society will look on 
them as lepers," says the new 
Suffolk County D.A. 

Brenda Marder 


Seung-il Shin '64, Ph.D. '68 
Goes Where the 
interesting Science Is 

Can a Wien Scholar figure out how 
to immunize the world's children' 

Janet Mesrobian 


Around the University 

40 Class Notes 

Faculty Notes 

Brandeis Review 

Dear Reader 


Design Director 

Brenda Marder 

Charles Dunham 

Vice President 

Senior Designer 

for Public Affairs 

Sara Benjaminsen 

David Rosen 


Assistant Editor 


Elizabeth McCarthy 

Nancy Maitland 

Editorial Assistant 

Review Photographer 

Veronica Blacquier 

Julian Brown 

Student Assistant 

Staff Photographer 

Stacy LeficDwitz 93 

Heather Pillar 

Brandeis Review 


Advisory Committee 


Teresa Amahile 

Brenda Marder 

Gerald S. Bemstem 


Edward Ensclberg 

Brandei', Review 

Irving R. Epstein 

LonGans'83,M.M.H,S. '86 

David Rosen 

lanet Z. Giele 

Vice President for 

Jeffrey Golliind '61 

Public Affairs 

Lisa Berman Hills '82 

Michael Kalafatas '65 

Icmathan Margolis '67 

Arthur H. Reis, Jr. 

Adrienne Rosenblatt '61 

Stephen J. Whitfield, 

Ph.D. '72 

Unsolicited manuscripts 


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In the Brandeis Review 

Brandcii Review 

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authors and not 

P.O. Box 9110 

necessarily of the Editor 

Waltham, Massachusetts 

or Brandeis University. 


¥1 1993 Brandeis University 

BianJeis Review, 

Office of Publications 

Volume 12 


Numbers, Wmtcr 1993 

of Public Affairs 

Brandeis Review 

(ISSN 0273-71751 

University Maiiuzine 

is published by 


Brandeis University 

National Advertising 

P.O. Box 91 10 


Waltham, Massachusetts 

University Ma,^a:inc 



with free distribution to 

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Fax 212-228-3897 

Coicr f-du lUwiN 

/ Kc Osh, usd./Udi/ 

shuiJ, (,i./ l/l/l 

II n hLl il/sin,ji 

Sm l/i hlh , ip' 

Ilitilhd 1 "-'0 
' r f u/.i /] 

'hKbu,l ,/,/'"" ' 

It tht kdi Smith 

\ i' n t Intoldm^ the 

'i \n rxhihition 

tht Ui n in Paper 

at tht Rost Art 

Mu turn Ottoberl 

Nu: ember 15. 1992 

During a recent trip to Britain, as we 
roared over a feature in The Sunday 
Times magazine, we were struck 
once again by the power of our 
common language to bind us 
culturally. Written with that 
peculiarly British dash of ridicule 
and trenchancy, which tickled our 
peculiarly American humor, the 
article reported that "it's not 
politically correct to be politically 
coiTect any more. Instead, you have 
to be cultEirally sensitive." In a 
helpful gesture, the article then 
presented a glossary of words and 
phrases* to "unshackle your mind 
from the bondage of capitalistic 
patriarchal hegemonic discourse." 
The Brandeis Review selected some 
hilarious bits from the glossary (we 
omitted those idioms we considered 
not culturally sensitive for the 
Brandeis Review) to share with our 

alternative dentation: false teeth 

alternatively schooled: uneducated 

animal companion: pet 

canine-American: a dog who resides 
in the United States 

clironologically gifted: old 

deficiency achievement: failure 

differently pleasured: 

meaningful downturn: recession 

morally different: dishonest 

negative saving: nonjudgmental 
synonym for "spendthrift" 

nonviable: dead 

person with temporarily unmet 
objectives: loser 

socially misaligned: psychotic 

* (culled by The Sunday Times 
magazine from The Official 
Pohtically Correct Dictionary and 
Handbook, by Christopher Cerf and 
Henry Beard) 

Satire on the nuance of langEiage can 
take on exquisitely comical 
proportions, but if you look seriously 
at the English language, you will 
detect a tremendous shift in diction 
in the last five years. Some of the 
changes originated in societal 
upheaval in the United States in the 
1960s, others, in universities when 
scholars began to question age-old 
concepts that had remained 
unexamined in our culture for 
centuries. In this issue of the 
Brandeis Review, most of the lead 
articles throw out clues as to how 
language bends to the needs of 

Women's Studies has become a 
catalyst for change. Faculty members 
Joyce Antler '63, Karen Klein and 
Shulamit Reinharz, M.A. '69, Ph.D. 
'77 discuss with the editor how this 
discipline has moved to the forefront 
of academic enterprise, altering in its 
course our world outlook and 
methods of expression. Next, alum 
Ellen Levine interviewed people who 
were child-activists during the civil 
rights movement. These youngsters, 
who never truly spoke like children, 
thought like children or reasoned 
like children, spent their childhood 
shaping the path of American 
history; their words are marked by 
simple eloquence. 

We were absorbed with reading the 
work of alum Evelyn Fox Keller: 
what she found in the language of 
science, as you will read on the pages 
that follow, opens a whole universe 
for revision. For us, namesake Louis 
Brandeis is a source of continuing 
fascination. Professor Morton Keller 
surveys the Supreme Court justice's 
career to show the role he played as 
reformer. A newly appointed Boston 
D.A., Ralph Martin II '74, thinks and 
talks like a man of the moment. His 
vocabulary and similes reflect an 
urgent task as he works to bring 
justice and social concern to his 
Suffolk County beat. We close with a 
report on Wien scholar Seung-il Shin 
'64, Ph.D '68, a scientist who has 
offered much in the public interest. 

Brenda Marder 
The Editor 

Around the University 

and Economic 

The Board of Trustees, on 
October 1 7, approved a plan 
to reestablish academic and 
economic equilibrium at 
Brandeis by phasing in more 
than $12 million in spending 
reductions and revenue 
enhancements over the next 
four years. This amount 
equals the proiected gap that 
would exist between the 
University's rate of spending 
and annual sources of 
income by July 1, 1996 in the 
absence of corrective action. 
At least $6 million of the 
total will be realized by 
increasing the level of 
annual, unrestricted 
gifts to the University. 
Approximately $2 million 
will come from cuts in 
administrative budget units 
and the remaining $4 million 
will come from a 
combination of reductions 
and revenue enhancements 
in academic programs. 

President Samuel O. Thier 
told the Trustees that the 
goal of the plan, and a 
companion effort underway 
in the faculty to revitalize 
the curriculum, is to preserve 
and enhance Brandeis as an 
intellectually robust 
university with a focus on 
the liberal arts and sciences 
and a commitment to 
excellence in teaching, 
research and public service. 

The major provisions 
affecting academic programs 
include: a reduction from 362 
to 315 in budgeted faculty 
positions, primarily through 
attrition; adoption of 
standardized teaching 
requirements to preserve 
small class sizes and to 
maintain the number of 
course offerings despite a 

smaller faculty; 
establishment of 
departmental staffing levels 
to assure the continuity and 
quality of programs; a 
requirement that, to the 
extent possible, selected 
centers, institutes and 
programs not directly 
connected to Brandeis's 
teaching mission become 
financially self-sustaining by 
the start of the 1996-97 
academic year; increases in 
graduate school tuition and 
fees to levels comparable to 
peer institutions; and the 
addition of several new 
masters programs. 

The plan reflects nine 
months of work by members 
of the faculty and 
administration. The planning 
was done by two 
committees — an academic 
planning group of faculty 
chaired by Jehuda Reinharz, 
Ph.D. '72, provost and senior 
vice president for academic 
affairs, and a support-unit 
committee of faculty and 
senior staff, chaired by 
Stanley Rumbaugh, 
executive vice president for 
finance and administration. 
recommendations were 
prepared by Daniel Mansoor, 
senior vice president for 
development and alumni 
relations. The proposals 
made by the committees 
were continuously refined to 
reflect faculty and staff 
input. As part of the process, 
the President discussed the 
plan at two faculty "town 
meetings" before he 
submitted it to the Board. 

Thier praised the efforts of 
all those who participated in 
the process, which he 
described as a model of 
collegial decision-making 
and shared responsibility. In 
making difficult choices, he 

said, faculty and staff 
demonstrated a remarkable 
willingness to set aside their 
parochial interests and act in 
the best interest of the 
institution as a whole. He 
commended the Trustees for 
committing themselves to 
the enhanced fund-raising 
that will be necessary to 
make the plan work. 

Reinharz, whose committee 
crafted the major academic 
components of the plan, said 
the group was guided by a 
number of principles, 
including: maintaining the 
quality of undergraduate, 
graduate and research 
programs throughout the 

Eight Faculty 
Members Receive 

University; using available 
resources to refocus and 
strengthen the commitment 
to undergraduate education 
while maintaining the 
commitment to graduate 
education and research; 
preserving and enhancing 
direct services to students; 
and eliminating duplicative 
administrative expenses by 
pooling and sharing 
resources. The committee 
also determined that, in 
allocating reductions in 
budgeted faculty positions, 
disproportionate reductions 
would be assigned to 
departments capable of 
securing additional support 
from external sources. 
These include several science 
departments and The 
Heller School. 

Eight faculty members 
received promotions effective 
at the beginning of the 
academic year. Promoted to 
associate professor with 
tenure were: Richard 
Alterman, computer science, 
and Stefan Gerlach, 
economics. Promoted to full 
professor were Tzvi Abusch, 
M.A. '63, Near Eastern and 
Judaic Studies; Craig Blocker, 
physics; Judith Irvine, 
anthropology; Patricia 
Johnston, classical studies; 
Ibrahim Sundiata, African 
and Afro-American studies; 
and Gary Taylor, English and 
American literature. 

Abusch, the Rose B. and 
Joseph Cohen Professor of 
Assyriology and Ancient 
Near Eastern Religion, is a 
scholar of ancient Akkadian 
texts, especially on magic 
and witchcraft. He is the 
author of two books, 
Babylonian Witchcraft 
Literature: Case Studies and 
Lingering Over Words: 
Studies in Ancient Near 
Eastern Literature, and 
dozens of chapters and 
articles in his field. He is a 
former Fulbright Scholar and 
past fellow of the National 
Endowment for Humanities. 

Alterman is a computer 
scientist whose expertise is 
in artificial intelligence. His 

3 Winter 1993 

Patricia Johnston, professor 
of classical studies (right) 
Ibrahim Sundiata. professor 
of African and Afro- 
American studies (below) 

two main areas of research, 
adaptive planning and 
semantic memory, explore 
how the mind remembers 
and solves problems. He has 
written numerous articles 
and chapters dealing with 
computer science and 
artificial intelligence. He was 
appointed to the editorial 
board of the Journal of the 
Learning Sciences and wrote 
an entry on adaptive 
planning for the 
Encyclopedia of Artificial 

Blocker is a high-energy 
experimental physicist who 
conducts his research at the 
Collider Detector at Fermilab 
near Chicago, one of the 
premier high-energy physics 
facilities in the world today. 
His contributions there 
include design and 
prototyping. At Brandeis he 
teaches undergraduate and 
graduate courses in 
experimental particle physics 
and particle phenomenology. 

Gerlach, who specializes in 
macroeconomics, has 
worked extensively in the 
area of exchange rates and 
business cycles. His research 
deals with the Scandinavian 
economy, U.S. trade 
balance and the possible 
adoption of a single European 
currency. He is the author of 
the book Economics of the 
Dollar Cycle. Gerlach 
received the Marver and 
Sheva Bernstein Faculty 
Fellowship and the first 
Lemberg Teaching Award. 

Irvine is a linguistic 
anthropologist who is 
working on the 

.■construction and cditmg 
of the lectures and other 
unpublished works of the 
distinguished anthropologist 
Edward Sapir. She has 
continued to publish papers 
on African ethnolinguistics 
and is one of the few 
American scholars 
specializing in that aspect of 
the anthropology of the 
French-speaking West 
African states. 

Johnston is a Vergil scholar 
and Latmist who wrote 
Vergil's Agricultural Golden 
Age: A Study of the 
Georgics. Her other works 
include the book Tradito: An 
Introduction to the Latin 
Language and its Influence. 

Sundiata is a political 
scientist who focuses on the 
political history of the 
African offshore islands such 
as Fernando Po and Zanzibar. 
His books include Black 

Scandal: The United States 
and the Liberian Crisis of 
1929 and Equatorial Guinea: 
Colonialism, State Terror 
and the Search for Stability, 
which won a Choice 
Outstanding Academic Book 
Award in 1992. He was the 
past recipient of a Woodrow 
Wilson National Fellowship 
and a Fulbright-Hays 

Taylor is an expert in 
Shakespearean studies, 
whose books include 
Modernizing Shakespeare's 
Spelling: Three Studies in the 
Text of Henry IV, To 
Analyze Delight: A Hedonist 
Criticism of Shakespeare and 
Reinventing Shakespeare: A 
Cultural History from the 
Restoration to the Present. 
He is one of two general 
editors of the new scholarly 
edition of Shakespeare's 
works published by Oxford 
University Press. Taylor 
initiated a scholarly 
controversy a few years ago 
with his identification of a 
hitherto unknown poem as a 
work by Shakespeare. 

President Thier to Walker, Pochapsky 
Chair CDC Advisory Honored 
Committee for Teaching 

President Samuel O. Thier 
was appointed chair of the 
newly created Advisory 
Committee to the director of 
the Centers for Disease 
Control (CDC). The 15- 
member committee will 
advise the CDC on policy 
issues and strategies to help 
the CDC fulfill its mission to 
promote health and prevent 
disease, disability and injury. 

Thomas Pochapsky, assistant 
professor of chemistry, was 
given the Walzer Award for 
Teaching. Named for 
Michael L. Walzer '56, the 
prize is given each year to a 
nontenured faculty 
member who combines 
superlative scholarship with 
inspiring teaching. Cheryl 
Walker, lecturer in classical 
studies, was awarded the 
Louis Dembitz Brandeis 
Prize for Excellence in 
Teaching, which is open to 
all faculty. The awards 
include a certificate and a 
check for $1,000. 

Bernard Reisman, 
Ph.D. '70 
Named to Chair 

Bernard Reisman, director of 
the Benjamin S. Hornstein 
Program in Jewish 
Communal Service, has been 
appointed to the Klutznick 
Chair in Contemporary 
Jewish Studies. Reisman 
joined the faculty part-time 
in 1969 and was named full 
professor in 1986. He has 
written several books on 
the contemporary Jewish 
experience and helped create 
the Hornstein Program, 
where he has served as its 
director since 1973. The 
program is recognized for its 
commitment to Jewish 
communal leaders 
and organizations of all 

Legacy Circle 

President Samuel O. Thier 
has announced the formation 
of an honorary society to pay 
tribute to donors who help 
ensure the future excellence 
of the University. The 
Brandeis Legacy Circle was 
established by Brandeis in 
conjunction with the 
University's National 
Women's Committee to 
celebrate people who have 
chosen to support the future 
of Brandeis through 
charitable bequests, life- 
income gifts and trusts. With 
the creation of the Legacy 
Circle, individuals who 
inform the University that 
Brandeis has been included 
in their estate plans are 
honored during their 
lifetime. Members will be 
presented with a custom- 
designed pin depicting 
the society's new emblem 
and a special, diploma- 
like certificate, formally 
recognizing their 

4 Brandeis Review 

Celebration Draws 

Celebrating what President 
Samuel O. Thier called the 
history and future of 
Brandeis, the University 
dedicated the Jacob and 
Libby Goodman Institute for 
the Study of Zionism and 
broke ground for the 
Benjamin and Mae Volen 
National Center for Complex 
Systems. Hundreds turned 
out for the events on October 
17 and 18, part of the 1992 
festivities honoring the 
University's founders. 
Dignitaries visiting campus 
for the events mcluded U.S. 
Senators Edward M. Kennedy 
(D-Mass.) and John F. Kerry 
(D-Mass.), U.S. 
Representative Edward 
Markey (D-Mass.) and Israeli 
statesman Abba Eban. 

Eban's keynote address for 
the Goodman Institute 
dedication flashed with wit 
and eloquence. The near- 
capacity crowd in Spingold 
Theater gave him a standing 
ovation at the conclusion of 
his talk on the modem 
history of Israel, the 
resilience of the Jewish 
people and the worldwide 
significance of Zionism and 
the study of it today. 

"Zionism is at the heart of 
what I would call the Jewish 
mystery," said Eban. He said 
humankind is forced to 
wonder at the Jewish 
people's modem "renewal" 
after decades of suffering at 
the hands of prosecutors. 
"When everything is said and 
done and recorded and 
written," he said of Israel, 
"the fact is this is an 
extraordinary triumph of the 
human spirit." 

Eban said that Zionism, 
through the work of the 
Goodman Institute, can look 
forward to a new "horizon 
built on hope and reality." 
Provost and Senior Vice 
President for Academic 
Affairs Jehuda Reinharz, 
Ph.D. '72 said Zionism has 
been ignored as a scholarly 
pursuit. "It has been too 
controversial or even an 
anathema. I am confident 

that the Goodman Institute 
will help rectify this 
situation." The institute, 
organized under the auspices 
of the University's Tauber 
Institute for the Study of 
European Jewry and believed 
to be the only one of its 
kind in North America, is 
designed to promote a 
deeper understanding of the 
historical and ideological 
development of the 
Jewish national renaissance 

Thier said the history and 
future of Brandeis were 
embodied in the weekend's 
events because one of 
them — the ground 
breaking — pointed to the 
strong research mission of 
the University, while the 
other hearkened back to 
Brandeis's roots as an 
institution founded and 
sponsored by the American 
Jewish community. He said 
the Brandeis community was 
saddened by the death of 
Libby Goodman, who had 
planned to attend the 
ceremony. She endowed the 
institute as a lasting tribute 
to her late husband, Jacob, an 
ardent supporter of Zionist 
causes and the State of Israel. 
The Goodmans' son. 
Professor Charles Goodman, 
was given a special 
citation in honor of his 
family's support. 

Thier told those attending 
the ground breaking that the 
Volen Center, set for 
completion in May 1994, 
will be the first new research 
facility on campus in 22 
years. Thier acknowledged 
the support of 
congressional delegation, 
including Kennedy, Kerry, 
Markey and the late Silvio 
Conte, who helped get 
federal funding for the 
project, as well as past 
President Evelyn Handler. 
"All of us in the Congress 
were proud to make the case 
for Brandeis," said Kennedy, 

who helped break ground for 
the center. He pledged his 
support to help secure 
additional funding for the 
$15 million project, and said 
the University has been 
"enormously courageous" in 
pushing the project during 
tough fiscal times. "This 
ground breaking is an 
effort to meet the future," 
said Kerry, who spoke at 
the luncheon. 

Markey said the 52,000 
square foot center will be one 
of the foremost research 
facilities in the country. 
Researchers who study the 
brain and intelligence will 
work in the center. Their 
research interests range from 
medical diseases of the brain 
and nervous system to the 
study of artificial 
intelligence. Gerald D. 
Fischbach, chair of Harvard 
Medical School's 
neurobiology department and 
chief of neurobiology and 
director of the neuroscience 
center at Massachusetts 
General Hospital, was the 
luncheon speaker. 

(see photos on pages 8 and 9) 

Alumna Is New 
Hillel Rabbi 

Elyse Winick '86 has become 
Brandeis Hillel's first woman 
rabbi and director of student 
activities. She comes to 
Brandeis from the Jewish 
Theological Seminary in 
New York, and her part-time 
position with Hillel is 
coupled with her 
responsibilities as a staff 
member of KOACH, the 
college activities department 
for the United Synagogue 
of Conservative Judaism. In 
her dual capacity, Winick 
will seek to expand activities 
with other campus 
groups and the Hillels of 
area universities. 

Director of 



Pamela Tesler Howitt, 
former assistant dean for 
development and external 
relations at Harvard 
University's Graduate School 
of Design, was named 
director of development. 
Howitt, who earned 
her master's of professional 
studies from Pratt 
Institute, previously worked 
in several capacities in 
Columbia University's 
development office. 

Sharansky Speaks 
at Brandeis 

Sports Notes 

Natan Sharansky 
talking with students m 
Ziv Commons 


Natan Sharansky, the Dan 
Levenson Visiting Professor 
at Brandeis, was on campus 
this past fall to deliver 
lectures, meet with students 
and attend religious services. 
Soviet-bom Sharansky 
became a leading voice in the 
Moscow refusenik 
community after being 
denied a request for an 
emigration visa. Later 
charged with treason, 
Sharansky was imprisoned 
for nine years and emigrated 
to Israel following his 
release. He told the Brandeis 
community that Soviet 
communism was doomed to 
fail because it was a system 
built on false values where 
ethnic groups were exploited 
in the quest to make 
everyone equal. 

Rosemary F. Dybwad, a 
former senior research 
associate at the Heller School 
and expert of mental 
retardation, died of cancer at 
the age of 82. Dybwad was 
graduated from Western 
College for Women in Oxford, 
Ohio. She received her 
doctorate in sociology from 
the University of Hamburg 
and pursued postdoctoral 
studies at the New York 
School of Social Work. Her 
early work dealt with 
women's prisons and juvenile 
delinquency, but in 1958 she 
began to work exclusively in 
the field of mental 

She and her husband, Gunnar, 
directed the mental 
retardation project of the 
International Union of Child 
Welfare in Geneva. Dybwad 
was also a board member and 
first vice president of the 
International League of 
Societies for Persons with 

6 Brandeis Review 

Mental Handicaps. She was 
also appointed to the 
Developmental Disabilities 
Council and to the board of 
visitors of Boston University's 
Sargent College of Allied 
Health Professionals. She 
served as consultant on 
international affairs to the 
president's committee on 
mental retardation, as visiting 
scholar to the National 
Institute on Mental 
Retardation in Toronto and 
on the human studies 
committee of the Eunice 
Kennedy Shriver Center. 

The Rosemary F. Dybwad 
International Fellowship 
Trust has been established in 
Dybwad's honor by the 
Association of Retarded 
Citizens. The trust will 
perpetuate and expand the 
Rosemary F. Dybwad 
International Awards, which 
have been given to 
scholars for the past 30 years 
for international travel 
and study. 

Brandeis Announces 
First inductees for Hail 
of Fame 

Brandeis University and the 
Friends of Brandeis Athletics 
(FOBA) have announced the 
first inductees into 
Brandeis's newly established 
Athletic Hall of Fame. The 
first induction ceremony 
will be held at a dinner 
on Saturday, March 27, at 
the Gosman Sports 
and Convocation Center 
on campus. 

"I felt that the number and 
quality of the nominations 
that we received showed us 
how distinguished and 
exceptional Brandeis's 
athletic accomplishments 
have been," said Morry Stein 
'58, chair of the Hall of Fame 
Selection Committee. 

"The establishment of the 
Hall of Fame is perhaps the 
most significant action yet 
taken by the Friends of 

Alan Mintz 
Appointed to 
Braun Chair 

Alan L. Mintz has been 
appointed to the |oseph H. 
and Belle R. Braun Chair in 
Modem Hebrew Literature, 
as one of only two or three 
similar chairs at American 
colleges and universities. 
Mintz noted that with 350 
students studying Hebrew at 
Brandeis, the language has 
been given a place of honor. 
Mintz, who holds a doctorate 
from Columbia University, 
was formerly professor of 
Hebrew literature at the 
University of Maryland, 
College Park. 

Brandeis Athletics," said 
FOBA president Bill Orman 
'57. "The purpose of the Hall 
of Fame is to recognize 
annually and honor those 
who have distinguished 
themselves in the field or 
development of 
intercollegiate athletics at 
Brandeis University." 

The charter members of 
Brandeis University's 
Athletic Hall of Fame are: 

Mark Becman '85, who was 
the NCAA Division III 
individual champion in the 
1984 cross countiy 
championships and the 1985 
indoor 1500 meters 
champion. Beeman was also 
a six-time AU-American and 
an All New England 
champion indoors and 
outdoors. He still holds the 
NCAA Division III 1500 
meter record and was a 
member of the 1983 NCAA 
Division III national cross 
country championship team. 

Mike Fahey '75, who was an 
All- American in both 
baseball and basketball. He 
was the 1975 EC AC Division 
III Player of the Year in 
basketball and was second in 
NCAA Division III in scoring 
with a 28.9 points per 
game average. Fahey was 
named a Greater Boston 
League All-Star in baseball 
four times and was MVP 
in 1975. He was drafted by 
the Washington Bullets 
of the NBA. 

The late Benny Friedman, 
former director of athletics 
and football coach, who was 
an Ail-American quarterback 
and captain at the University 
of Michigan in 1926. He 
joined the Brandeis staff in 
1949 as director of athletics 
and was head football coach 
from 1951-59 with a career 
record of 35-29-4. Friedman 
is known as the founder of 
the athletic program at 
Brandeis. In football, he was 
the first great forward 
passer in the game and 
played professional football 
at Cleveland. 

Long-time fencing coach, 

Lisel Judge, with 

Aiell Schuigin Shapiro '74 

Rudy Finderson '58, who is 
the school's all-time leading 
scorer in basketball with 
1,733 points. Finderson 
served as head basketball 
coach for three years from 
1958-61. He also holds the 
school record for most free 
throws made in a game and 
in a season and was drafted 
by the Boston Celtics. 

Sid Goldfader '54, who 
played on the football, 
basketball and baseball 
teams at Brandeis. A great 
running back, he was the 
first football player to be 
named to the All New 
England small college all-star 
team. He holds school marks 
in career rushing and single 
season rushing and played 
professional baseball for the 
Milwaukee Braves. One of 
the original founders of 
FOBA, he served as director 
of alumni affairs at Brandeis 
in the seventies. 

Cleveland Lewis '78, who 
was captain of the first 
national championship team 
in the history of the 
University. He was named 
MVP of the 1976 NCAA 
Division III national 
championship game won by 
Brandeis. Lewis played four 
years of soccer and was an 
Ail-American and All New 
England performer. He set 
the school's all-time scoring 
record with 58 goals. Lewis 
played professional soccer 
with the New York Cosmos. 

The late James McCully '86, 
who was a two-time Ail- 
American soccer player and 
an Academic All-Amencan. 
A defender, he was MVP of 
the 1984 Championship 
Game, despite Brandeis's 

triple overtime loss. His 
team was undefeated in the 
regular season and ranked 
number one in the nation in 
his senior year. He served 
as captain and was an All 
New England performer 
three times. 

Bill McKenna '55, who was 
the University's first All- 
American in any sport, 
receiving the AP Little All- 
American Award m 1954 as a 
wide receiver. He holds 
school marks for most points 
scored in a career, most 
points scored in a game, 
most passes caught in a 

Books Needed for 
Women's Committee 
Temporary Library 
in Florida 

season, most passes caught 
in a game and most receiving 
yardage in a career. He 
played 12 years of 
professional football for the 
Calgary Stampeders of the 
Canadian Football League. 

James Stehlin '57, who was 
the best quarterback in 
Brandeis history. He was 
named AP Little All- 
American in 1956. He led the 
nation in total offense for 
small colleges in 1955. He 
was a two-time All New 
England player and was on 
the ECAC all-star team in 
1*356. Stehlin was also 
captain of the baseball team. 
A great high school football 
coach, he was inducted into 
the Massachusetts High 
School Football Coaches Hall 

of Fame. He holds school 
marks in career scoring, 
single season scoring, career 
total offense, career 
touchdown passes, career 
passing yardage and career 
completion percentage. 

Arell Schurgin Shapiro '74, 
who was the top women's 
fencer in Brandeis history. 
She was the school's first 
All-Amencan in the sport 
and led her team to a second 
place finish in the NCAA 
national fencing 
championship in 1972. 
Shapiro was the New 
England champion in 1972 
and 1973. At the 1973 
Maccabiah Games, she 
earned a silver medal. 

Years of raising money for 
the Brandeis Libraries 
through a used bookstore 
turned out to be good 
preparation for a group of 
Brandeis University National 
Women's Committee 
volunteers who wanted to 
help victims of Hurricane 
Andrew. With all public 
libraries and four schools 
closed along a 20-mile strip 
south of Miami, and $7.5 
million in books and 
materials lost, the logical 
response for these book 
lovers was to set up a 
temporary library in the 
most hard-hit area. 

The Women's Committee's 
Florida Region and its Florida 
Book Store are asking the 
entire Brandeis community 
to help stock its shelves with 
donations of "nearly new" 
children's books, paperbacks 
and Spanish fiction. The 
library will be staffed by 
Women's Committee 
volunteers six days a week; it 
will include space in which 
children can read quietly or 
do homework. 

While awaiting arrival of the 
trailer that will house the 
library, the Book Store has 
collected and distributed 
books to some of the six 
elementary schools that 
reopened recently in the area. 
Although the Book Store is 
run cooperatively by the 
Hollywood, North Dade and 
Hills chapters of the 
National Women's 
Committee, the whole 
Florida Region of the 
Women's Committee has 
pitched in to help. 

The Deerfield Chapter near 
Boca Raton received a 
donation of books from a 
Deerfield Beach school 
untouched by the storm. 
Book Store customers and 
local organizations have 
donated more than 1 ,000 
books and a 40-tape 
children's video 
encyclopedia. People have 
brought in boxes of books 
from all over the state, 
including a couple who drove 
an hour and a half to bring 

children's books. Their 
four-year-old grandson 
included his own donations 
with a note that read, 
"Happy reading!" 

"We felt that with this 
library we would be doing 
our own small part to bring 
some sense of normalcy to 
the lives of people who have 
lost so much. We all 
appreciate the concem that 
so many members of the 
Brandeis community have 
shown for our plight down 
here and we hope they will 
now be able to help us by 
sending a box of books for 
the library," said book store 
chair Harriet Bial. 

Please send books via the 
U.S. Postal Service, book 
rate, to; 

Brandeis Book Store 
The California Club Mall 
850 Ives Dairy Road T-5 
North Miami Beach, FL 

For further information, 
contact Harriet Bial at 


7 Wmter 1993 

Founders' Celebration 

President Samuel O. Thier 
presenting a special citation 
to Charles Goodman in 
honor of his family's support 
for the Goodman Institute 

Trustee Emeritus Maurice 
Cohen speaking at the 
breakfast preceding 
the dedication of the Jacob 
and Libby Goodman 
Institute for the Study 
of Zionism 

Louis Perlmutter '56, chair 
of the Board of Trustees, 
delivering his welcoming 
remarks at the Founders' 
Day dinner 

Breaking ground for the 
Benjamin and Mae Volen 
National Center for 
Complex Systems are 
center. President Samuel O. 
Thier i sixth from right, Irwin 
Levitan, director of the 
center; fifth from right, 
Senator Edward M. Kennedy-, 
fourth from right. 
Representative Edward 
Markey-, and fourth from left, 
Louis Perlmutter, chair of 
the Board of Trustees 

8 Brandeis Review 

Msf and Senior Vice 
lic\hh-nl tor Academic 
Atidu\ Ichuda Reinhaiz, 
1%.D. 72 walking on 
campus with Abba Eban 

Senator luhn F. Kerry 
spcakm,v. at the luncheon 
before the ground breaking 
for the Benfarnin and 
Mae Volen National Center 
for Complex Systems 

Reviewing the model of the 
new Benjamin and Mae 
Volen National Center for 
Complex Systems are left, 
Representative Edward 
Markey and his wife, Susan 
Blumenthah right. Senator 
Edward M. Kennedy and his 
vnfe, Vicki Reggie Kennedy; 
center. President Samuel O. 
Thier; and to Thier's right, 
Irwin Levitan, director of 
the center 


■>r .: 






Agents for 
Intellectual Change: 

Women's Studies 
at Brandeis 



The following is an edited 
transcript from a discussion with 
Joyce Antler '63, Karen Klein, 
Shulamit Reinharz, M.A. '69, Ph.D. '77 
and Brenda Marder 

Marder: When and how did 
Women's Studies enter the academy 
in the United States? 

Antler: The first Women's Studies 
courses appeared at the end of the 
1960s. But the growth of the field 
was astonishing. A 1974 directory 
listed 4,490 Women's Studies 
courses taught at 995 institutions. 
The early courses were usually in 
history, literature and sociology. By 
the end of the decade, many other 
fields had added courses about 
women, and a second stage of more 
advanced theoretical offerings 

Klein: There is no doubt that 
Women's Studies was prompted by 
the energy surging through the 
women's movement. Let's take into 
account, too, the anti-war 
movement that peaked in the late 
1960s. The feminist movement was 
energized by the social ferment of 
that period. We of the older 
generation had been taught by male 
teachers, and our course content 
was devoid of female characters — 
there had been absolutely no female 

Reinharz: The first courses focused 
on women because rarely had 
women been included in studies of 
human endeavor. What came out of 
this new approach was a larger 
issue, however, namely that the 
disciplines that people had been 
trained in were now discovered to 
be seriously flawed because they 
reflected a male bias. Other 
deficiencies bearing on larger 
questions flowed from this 
realization, particularly the male- 
oriented definitions of concepts, 
such as "work," the 
"Enlightenment" and "moral 
development." Sociological studies 
of work, for example, excluded 
housework and volunteer work; the 

"Enlightenment" ignored the 
condition of women's lives,- and 
"moral development" research used 
standards derived from the study of 
boys alone, ignoring questions of 
gender differences. New feminist 
lenses allowed us to ask questions 
about the disciplines; for example, 
how did the privileged position of 
scholars affect the scholarship they 

Marder: What about the sociology of 
Women's Studies in the academy? 
How did the male-dominated 
academy react? Did it encourage or 
resist, and what tactics were 
employed to force these courses into 
the curricula? 

Reinharz: By the mid to late 1970s, 
people were involved with what 
was called "curriculum 
transformation." At that time a lot 
of money was being channeled into 
higher education by foundations, 
the federal government and 
corporations. Many foundations 
underwrote proposals to bring 
scholars together to examine 
curricula and to create new syllabi. 
In this context of prosperity, 
American society was reexamining 
itself and the atmosphere was one of 
experimentation. Women's Studies 
programs were introduced during 
the era of intellectual openness and 
curriculum transformation along 
with other academic innovations in 
many institutions. 

Marder: How did this play out at 

Klein: Brandeis courses in Women's 
Studies officially started in 1977. 
But before that, in the English 
department where I teach, we had a 
rubric called Senior Seminar. All a 
faculty member had to do was to 
sign up to teach that seminar and 
select the author he or she intended 
to concentrate on. So, for example, I 
taught Doris Lessing this way in 
1971 and then did another seminar 
on Lessing, George Eliot and 

Virginia Woolf and did not have to 
go through the Humanities Council, 
which probably would have looked 
unfavorably on a course with a 
feminist approach. So that was one 
strategy — to use existing structures 
and insert new substantive material. 
It wasn't until 1977 that I put 
through a real feminist course that 
went the full route to achieve 
University approval, called 
"Contemporary Women Writers." 

Marder: Was there no resistance to 
your choosing a female writer to 
insert in your Senior Seminar or no 
outcry at your submitting a real 
feminist course for University 

Klein: I was a woman professor at a 
time when there were very few of 
us. So I was considered marginal on 
that account and the faculty 
thought that what I did was not 
really central to the department, 
anyway. Therefore in my own 
department I didn't meet any 
resistance — nor any enthusiasm, 
either. None of my colleagues 
approached me to say, "Let's discuss 
these authors you are integrating 
into your course work." But, on the 
other hand, the responses from the 
students were very enthusiastic. 

Reinharz: May I make a comment 
here about the functions of 
universities? Institutions of higher 
learning have two missions that are 
in conflict with each other, but out 
of that conflict flow some dynamic 
changes. Universities accept a 
responsibility for evaluating and 
protecting knowledge and passing it 
on to the next generation. But 
equally, they feel a duty to act as 
agents for intellectual change. And 
they want to respond to social 
change. In Karen's example you can 
see there are structures that allow 
for change in a department. There 

11 Winter 1993 

Joyce Antler '63, associate 
professor of American 
Studies, received her B.A. 
at Brandeis and her Ph.D. 
in American history from 
the State University of 
New York at Stony Brook. 
Antler is the author of 
Lucy Sprague Mitchell; 
The Making of a Modem 
Woman and The Educated 
Woman and 

Professionalization: The 
Struggle for a New 
Feminine Identity, and has 
coauthored a historical 
drama. Year One of the 
Empire: A Play of 
American Politics, War 

and Protest. She is also the 
editor o/ America and I: 
Short Stories by American 
Jewish Women Writers 
and coeditor of The 
Challenge of Feminist 
Biography: Writing the 
Lives of Modem Women 
and Change in Education: 
Women as Radicals and 

Her areas of interest 
include the history of 
women's education, 
women's biography, 
Jewish women in the 
United States and 
historical drama. Her 
work in progress is 
entitled Joumey Home: 
A History of Twentieth- 

Century American Jewish 
Women and Their 
Stmggle for Identity. 

Antler has been teaching 
at Brandeis since 1979 
and was director of the 
Women's Studies Program 
from 1980-1990. She was 
also the president of the 
Foundation for the 
Humanities from 1990- 
1992. She was 
instrumental in forming 
the Graduate Consortium 

Karen Klein has pursued a 
dual career as visual 
artist and teacher. An 
associate professor of 
English literature, she 
earned her M.A. and 
Ph.D. from Columbia 
University and has taught 
at Brandeis since 1 964. 
Trained as a comparative 
medievalist, her teaching 
interests have branched 
out to Women's Studies 
and humanities. She is 
currently the director of 
the humanities 
component of the 
University Studies 
Program, Brandeis's core 

are also very explicit approaches 
people use to make large-scale 
changes. So when you create 
something new like Women's 
Studies, you search for adequate 
teaching materials, you measure the 
response to it, you seek professional 
societies that are devoted to the 
topics in which you want to engage. 
You follow all of the standard 
procedures and gradually the margin 
becomes the mainstream. Right 
now I sense a real partnership 
between Women's Studies and 
many other departments. Evidence 
of this is the large numbers of 
Brandeis graduate students who are 
integrating Women's Studies with 
their programs, and the number and 
quality of jointly sponsored events. 
Still, some departments have very 
few women faculty and no courses 
that deal with women's experiences. 
There's a lot of hiring that needs to 
be done to rectify that deficiency, 
and I'm worried that it won't be 
done because we are in a period of 

Marder: At the same time that 
Women's Studies was developing, 
African-American Studies was also 
emerging. How did these new 
concepts tie together? 

Antler: When I came to the 
American Studies department in 
1979, my specialty in Women's 
Studies was welcomed there. My 
predecessor had made the 
breakthrough for me. Pauli Murray 
was an Episcopal minister, an 
attomey, an activist in the civil 
rights and women's movements and 
a powerful force on campus. She 
helped start African-American 
Studies at Brandeis. In her person, 
you could see the unity of African- 
American and Women's Studies. 
Sometimes a person like Pauli, who 
commanded such respect, can ease 
the process of innovation. But while 

in some quarters, the academy was 
receptive to innovation, there was 
an initial resistance to Women's 
Studies. The notion was that the 
area was okay, but the proponents 
shouldn't make too much noise 
about it. 

Marder: Karen, you were present in 
1977, when the faculty first voted 
the Program in. Around what points 
did the discussion turn? 

Klein: The proposal to start the 
Program created a noisy debate 
within the faculty. Some faculty 
members felt Women's Studies did 
not constitute a real discipline, 
others felt it was extraneous 
because these subjects were already 
included in our regular curriculum. 
The line of argument went like this: 
the curriculum is for everybody. 
Why do we need a special 
curriculum for women? Won't we 
need a special curriculum for men, 

12 Brandeis Review 

loyce Antler, left. 
Karen Klein, center, 
and Shulamit 
Reinharz, right 

Her involvement with the 
Women's Studies Program 
began with the teaching 
of the fiist classes on 
literature by women in 
1971. Continuing that 
pursuit, she now teaches 
a course, "The Political 
Novel in the Twentieth 
Centuiy, " which employs 
a feminist critical 
perspective on texts by 
both men and women. 

Klein brings to the 
Women's Studies Program 
an historical perspective-, 
she was one of the 
instructors present when 
the idea of beginning this 
program was first 
discussed. She combined 

her involvement in it and 
her artwork by 
contributing a drawing for 
the poster for the feminist 
conference celebrating 10 
years of Women's Studies 
at Br and e is. Her work in 
progress, The Third Term: 
Artists Reflect on Gender, 
documents her research 
on gender awareness in 
visual artists inside their 
studios and outside in the 
world at large. 

shulamit Reinharz, M.A. 
1 1':^. Ph.D. '77, professor of 
siKiology and director of 
I lie Women's Studies 
''Ingram since 1991. 
. .-fli! teachmgat 
>uindeisin 1982, after 
having taught in the 
School of Social Work, the 
Department of 
Psychology and the 
Women's Studies Program 
at the University of 
Michigan. Her main 
teaching areas are group 
dynamics, social 
psychology, qualitative 
research methods, 
gerontology and the 
history of women 's 
sociological work. 

Reinharz has authored 
On Becoming a Social 
Scientist and Feminist 
Methods in Social 
Research, which was 
named an "outstanding 
academic book for 1993" 
by Choice, the review 

iournal for academic 
libraries. She coauthored 
Psychology and 
Community Change and 
coedited Qualitative 

She has done research on 
the social psychology of 
miscarriage, the history of 
sociology, feminist 
research methods and 
qualitative methodology, 
women's history in Israel 
and aging in a kibbutz. 
Under hei direction, the 
Women 's Studies Program 
Community has started a 
joint graduate program 
between Women's Studies 
and 10 Ph.D. programs, 
and she hopes in the fall 
to begin a set of one-year 
joint M.A. programs with 
some of these graduate 

Antler: It's important to put on 
record that Women Studies received 
no administrative assistance: not 
one cent for almost the first whole 
decade of its existence. No 
telephone, no typewriter, no office, 
nothing. This circumstance is a 
measure of how interdisciplinary 
programs fared in the University at 
the time and also how Women's 
Studies programs across the country 
often had to rely on the blood and 
sweat of dedicated faculty 
committees and directors, who 
already had full-time departmental 
responsibilities. At a critical time, 
we received support from the Sagan 
family, which helped us push 
forward our program. 

In the face of considerable obstacles, 
our Program was unusually 
vigorous. By the early 1980s, 10 to 
1 5 courses were being offered 

annually. In 1981 we introduced an 
interdisciplinary core course, which 
is still in place and has served as a 
model for the new Graduate 
Women's Studies core course, and 
for Women's Studies programs 
nationwide. In 1987 we received a 
Ford Foundation Grant for faculty 
development. In addition to 
encouraging many Brandeis faculty 
to include gender as a category of 
analysis in their courses, it allowed 
us to revise courses to make them 
more multicultural, so that we 
could devote added attention to 
race, class and ethnicity. Diversity 
is a direction the Program has been 
growing in ever since. 

Reinharz: With regard to diversity, 
we avoid studying women as a 
single category with homogeneous 
attributes, an approach known as 
"essentialism." Women are a 
diversified group, so we think of 
women's lives in terms of racial 
differences and similarities, class 
differences and similarities and 

cross-cultural, age, disability and 
sexuality issues. The perspectives 
just keep proliferating. I believe that 
Women's Studies at Brandeis has 
become an exemplar of 
multicultural and interdisciplinary 
education, and should continue to 
push itself further and further in 
this direction. 

Marder: Brandeis, by all accounts, 
offers an outstanding Women's 
Studies Program. What are some of 
the distinguishing characteristics? 

Klein: We are a collaborative 
enterprise drawing on faculty from 
all disciplines. The policy at 
Brandeis is to hire faculty through 
departments; only by exception are 
people hired to teach in a 
specialized program. Women's 
Studies calls on scholars from any 

13 Winter 1993 

field that exists at Brandeis in which 
women or men include a focus on 
women and use gender as a method 
of analysis. 

Reinharz: This model of pedagogy 
affects faculty and departments all 
over campus because it brings us 
together rather than separating us. 
Since it relies on cooperation from 
all parts of the University, you can 
see how far the Program has come 
in regard to support beyond that 
first circle of a few dedicated 
women and men. This semester, for 
example, there are six new 
Women's Studies crosslisted 
courses, three of which are taught 
by faculty members who have never 
offered a Women's Studies course 

Antler: There is a special ethos at 
Brandeis. There has always been a 
singular spirit of freedom here, 
because we are a young university, 
not weighed down by the burdens of 
tradition. Even though in this 
discussion of the Women's Studies 
Program at Brandeis we emphasized 
what a struggle it was to get the 
Program going, we should note that 
Brandeis offers an unusual amount 
of freedom to think in new ways. In 
1988, we held an extraordinary 
conference here, called "Creating a 
Feminist Legacy," to celebrate the 
10th anniversary of the Women's 
Studies Program. The Program 
brought 35 Brandeis alumnae back 
to campus from around the country 
to participate in three days of 
panels. All 35 were pioneers in the 
field of feminist scholarship. And 
there were many other alumnae 
who are leading feminist scholars 
who couldn't come. This suggests 
that Brandeis has been exceedingly 
hospitable to women's intellectual 
growth all along — most of these 
alumnae came to Brandeis before 
our Women's Studies Program was 

in place. Considering our size, we 
have graduated an incredible 
number of leading feminist scholars. 

Marder: Like many disciplines, 
Women's Studies must harbor two 
or more conflicting ideologies, 
which can tear at the fabric of a 
program. Is this a problem at 

Reinharz: No. We are inclusionary. 
This is one of the factors that 
distinguishes our Program. There 
has never been an ideological 
position that people must subscribe 
to. Women's Studies is predicated 
on a respect for women, an attempt 
to understand gender relations: we 
are genuinely interested in hearing 
all perspectives. 

Antler: Talking about perspectives, 
I'd like to mention that 
undergraduates often arrive on 
campus with distorted notions that 
derive from currents in the larger 
society. Let me frame the problem 
with this question. What does it 
mean for students, male or female, 
to align themselves with Women 
Studies? Some of them see 
Women's Studies and feminism as 
politically confrontational and 
socially angry. A belief that has 
plagued Women's Studies programs 
across the country has been called 
"fear of feminism." It's not 
surprising that students hold such 
attitudes given media portrayals and 
other aspects of the so-called 
"backlash against feminism" during 
the 1980s. Our challenge is to find 
ways to break down negative 
perceptions. It's a hard task but I see 
a new attitude on the part of current 

Klein: If you are a student with a 
certain world outlook, if your world 
is dependent on seeing things m 
certain clearly defined terms, and all 
of a sudden you see that issues have 
many aspects instead of one, the 
result, especially for adolescents, 
can be unsettling. This experience. 

however, occurs not only in 
Women's Studies, but is supposed to 
be part and parcel of a liberal arts 

Reinharz: Sometimes I am 
surprised at how hard college 
students are on each other. But then 
I try to keep in mind that college- 
age students arc trying to figure out 
their identity. "What kind of man 
am I?" "What kind of woman am 
I?" "What kind of partner do I want? 
When?" There are so many ways 
now of being men and women. For 
some students these questions are 
frightening. Young people not only 
are dealing with sexual orientation, 
but also with career choices and 
family life and other personal 
concerns. Women's Studies acts as a 
lightning rod for these issues. Many 
students who take our courses risk 
being labeled in unattractive 
stereotypic ways: often they are 
forced to engage in angry discussion 
with peers and parents to justify 
why they are even in the Program. 

Marder: How can you as teachers 
combat this prejudice against 
Women's Studies? 

Klein: If you shift the feminist issue 
into what I believe is the 
appropriate context — into human 
rights — you automatically get a 
wider angle of vision. When you 
study feminism, it opens up issues 
of racial rights, religious rights, 
sexual preferences and the like. You 
cannot logically ask that one 
particular group be granted its 
rights, while others should be 
denied theirs. As students' minds 
open, we hope their understanding 
of feminism acts as an agent for 
change: personal and communal. 

Marder: Let's talk about the 
graduate program. It appears to be 

14 Brandeis Review 

Women's Studies 
Program Community 

energetic, creative and popular with 
both students and faculty. 

Reinharz: The graduate program has 
generated a lot of interest. From my 
experience, graduate students differ 
developmentally from 
undergraduates. Many are beyond 
tiying to figure out their identity 
and are stimulated by purely 
intellectual motives. Either they 
want an understanding of Women's 
Studies that they had not attained 
m their undergraduate curriculum 
or they want to criticize, 
complement or expand their own 
discipline from a feminist 
perspective. I don't find graduate 
students experiencing ridicule or 
hostility for engaging in Women's 

Antler: An innovation that extends 
the dimensions of the graduate 
program is the new Graduate 
Consortium for Women's Studies at 
Radcliffe that we have created with 
six other universities in the area: 
MIT, Harvard, Northeastern, Boston 
College, Tufts and the Harvard 
Divinity School. This arrangement, 
housed at Radcliffe, offers graduate 
students specially designed, team- 
taught, interdisciplinary courses. 

Reinharz: Our graduate program can 
be considered a pioneer in the area. 
Colleagues, both men and women, 
are drawn to it: 10 departments 
have joined with us to add 
perspectives from their own fields, 
because they know that participants 
in the Program, students and faculty 
alike, are gi'appling with the big 
questions in society. Graduate 
students do research in a number of 
areas that pique the interest of 
faculty. In fact, as has frequently 
been the case, students who are 
doing work in an area related to 
women often spur faculty members 
into opening new channels of 
inquiry. Faculty are eager to join in 
the new graduate program because 
they know the scholarship is on the 
cutting edge. ■ 

The Women's Studies 
Program Community 
(WSPC) at Brandeis is 
envisioned as more than a 
program. It is a community 
with shared interests, 
where faculty, staff and 
students join together to 
exchange ideas, discuss 
objectives, organize 
lectures and enhance the 
intellectual life on campus. 
Consisting of 46 faculty 
members from various 
departments, staff 
members from around the 
University and students 
studying in the Program, 
the WSPC meets monthly 
to decide such policy 
matters as the desirability 
of setting up a working- 
papers series, the 
rationale for remaining a 
program rather than a 
major and the 
encouraging of a 
particular department to 
offer a Women's Studies 
crosslisted course. All 
faculty teaching courses 
crosslisted with Women's 
Studies are invited to join, 
as are staff with an 
interest in Women's 

Ten or more 
undergraduates at 
Brandeis earn a certificate 
in Women's Studies each 
year by completing an 
introductory course, four 
other crosslisted courses 
and a senior essay. 
Approximately 14 courses 
are crosslisted each 
semester among a wide 
variety of departments and 
Women's Studies. The 
best senior essay is 
awarded the Giller-Sagan 
Prize at the annual 
luncheon honoring 

graduating seniors in 
Women's Studies. 
Currently 33 
undergraduates are 
enrolled in the Program 
and hundreds are taking 
the courses. 

In fall 1992, the Graduate 
Program in Women's 
Studies opened with 32 
students enrolling in the 
joint M.A. program 
between Women's Studies 
and 10 Ph.D. programs 
(American civilization, 
comparative history, 
English, The Heller 
School, literary studies, 
music. Near Eastern and 
Judaic Studies, 
psychology and 
sociology). In the current 
graduate program, all 
students go on to earn a 
Ph.D. in one of these 10 
programs. By fall 1993, the 
Women's Studies Program 
hopes to open a one-year 
joint M.A. program with 
some of these graduate 
programs. (In the graduate 
program in formation, 
students will complete 
their studies with an M.A.) 
The Women's Studies 
Program offers a $1,000 
grant for the best graduate 
research project. All 
applicants are invited to 
present their research at 
the Annual Forum for 
Graduate Women's 
Studies Scholarship. 

Women's Studies offers a 
Visiting Scholars Program 
that allows local and 
foreign scholars to affiliate 
with the program so that 
they may be part of the 
congenial environment 
while they do their 
research. Visiting 
Scholars are not funded 
but receive library 
privileges and limited 
office space. Each Visiting 
Scholar is a full-fledged 
member of the Women's 
Studies Program 
Community and is 
engaged in program 

development activities. 
Examples include the 
Women and Human Rights 
Lecture Series, the poetry 
readings series, the 
research on student 
attitudes to feminism and 
a working-papers series 
for the Brandeis Women's 
Studies Program. 

In spring 1992 the National 
Board for Women's 
Studies at Brandeis was 
created: 31 men and 
women board members 
serve three-year 
renewable terms. They 
meet regularly to advise 
the director, raise funds to 
support the program and 
find ways to involve other 
constituencies in 
Women's Studies 

Contributors to the 
Women's Studies Program 
Endowment Fund help to 
support a continuous 
stream of lectures, 
exhibits, symposia and 
conferences, open to the 
public. (This year's 
conference — March 1 3- 
15 — will be devoted to the 
representation of 
American Jewish women 
in the media, history and 
journalism.) Many feminist 
alumnae and profeminist 
alumni are contributing to 
the fund so that the 
current generation of 
students can continue the 
work begun earlier. For 
example, artist Evi 
Sheffres '55 is creating a 
set of original prints, 
signed and numbered, for 
generous friends of the 

15 Winter 1993 

euoin's Children 

The Color Bar: 
Experiences of Segregation 

James Roberson 

Roberson was active in tine civil rights 
movement from age 10. 

"The green sign on the Birmingham city 
buses was one of the most powerful 
pieces of wood in the city. It was about 
the size of a shoe box and fit into the 
holes on the back of the bus seats. On 
one side of the board it said, 'Colored, 
do not sit beyond this board.' The bus 
driver had the authority to move that 
green board in any direction he wanted 
to at any time... .A seventy-year-old 
black person might have to move for a 
six-year-old white child. 

"A group of us formed a little club 
called the Eagles. When we would get 
on the buses, I would take the green 
sign and move it up or throw it away.... 

"Sometimes we would defy the green 
board. We would sit right behind the 
bus driver. You really had to imagine 
the driver as a cobra snake or a vicious 
dog, and you're treading on his 
territory. You know that if you move 
close to him, he's going to strike you. 
The driver would say, 'All right, you 
niggers got to get up.' 

"We'd say, 'You talking to us?' There 
were guys who were like conductors 
and drove plain black cars. The bus 
driver would get off and call one of 
those guys. He would come on and 
say, 'Get off or we're gonna call the 

"'So call them,' we said. When he'd go 
to call, we'd get off the bus and 

Jacket photograph from Freedom's 
Children: Young Civil Rights Workers Tell 
Their Own Stories of Euvester Simpson, 
teenage SNCC worl<er during Mississippi 
Summer, 1964. courtesy Euvester Simpson 

The Montgomery Bus 
Boycott and the Beginning of 
the Movement 

Different Classrooms: 
Segregation and Integration 
in the Schools 

Claudette Colvin 

Colvin was 15 years old in 1955. On 
her own she defied the segregation 
laws on the Montgomery city buses 
when she refused to give up her seat to 
a white person. In this defiance, she 
preceded Rosa Parks. 

"On March 2. 1955, I got on the bus in 
front of Dexter Avenue Church. I went 
to the middle....! wasn't thinking about 
anything in particular. ...Then the bus 
began to fill up. White people got on 
and began to stare at me. The bus 
motorman asked me to get up....A 
colored lady got on, and she was 
pregnant. ...The seat next to me was 
the only seat unoccupied. She didn't 
realize what was going on. She didn't 
know that the bus driver had asked me 
to get up. She just saw the empty seat 
and sat next to me. A white lady was 
sitting across the aisle from me, and It 
was against the law for you to sit In the 
same aisle with a white person.... 

"[The bus driver] said, 'Hey, get up!' I 
didn't say anything. When I didn't get 
up, he didn't move the bus. He said 
before he'd drive on. Id have to get up. 
People were saying, 'Why don't you get 
up?', ..One girl said. She knows she 
has to get up.' Then another girl said, 
'She doesn't have to. Only one thing 
you have to do Is stay black and die.'... 

"I remained there, and the traffic 
patrolman said. Aren't you going to get 
up?' I said. 'No. I do not have to get up. 
I paid my fare, so I do not have to get 
up. It's my constitutional right to sit 
here just as much as that lady. ...When 
[the police] got on the bus...l kept 
saying, 'He has no hght...thls Is my 
constitutional right. have no right 
to do this!'... 

"The police knocked my books down. 
One took one wrist, the other grabbed 
the other, and they were pulling me off 
the bus, just like you see on the TV 
now, I was really struggling. They put 
me In the car. Somebody must have 
said they didn't have handcuffs on me 
and I might run away, so they put 
handcuffs on me. And then they took 
me to City Hall." 

In 1954, in a case called Brown v. 
Board of Education of Topeka, the 
United States Supreme Court ruled that 
separating the races In schools 
deprives Negro children of equal 
educational opportunities. "Separate 
educational facilities are inherently 
unequal." Chief Justice Warren wrote. 
In addition, he said, school segregation 
creates In minority children "a feeling of 
inferiority as to their status in the 
community that may affect their hearts 
and minds in a way unlikely ever to be 
undone. " The Court declared school 
segregation laws unconstitutional. 

Pat Shuttlesworth 

In 1957, with her younger sister, Ricky, 
Pat Shuttlesworth tned to enroll In the 
largest all-white high school In 
Birmingham. Here she tells of the first 
day of school. 

"The car pulled up, and there were 
mobs of people saying, 'Niggers go 
home'' and shouting obscenities. All 
these vicious-looking people saying 
things you hadn't heard before out 
loud. It didn't make sense to me to get 
out of the car with all those people 
surrounding us. But Daddy was going 
to try to do it anyway. 

"They started to attack him. Then my 
mother got out because he was being 
attacked, and that's when she got 
stabbed In the hip. She was trying to 
tell us to stay In the car, but we didn't 
want to hear.. ..Even though he had 
been beaten, Daddy had enough 
strength to work his way around and 
get back in the car. We sped off. Ricky 
got her foot slammed in the door. I 
never got out at all. At the hospital 
when we saw there was blood, we 
knew my mother had been stabbed. 
The hardest part was when my father 
was on that stretcher in the hospital, 
and he was telling us to be brave and 
that you have to forgive people." 

Although the Supreme Court had ruled 
In the Brown school case that 
segregation In public schools was 
unconstitutional, many communities 
ignored the ruling. Supporters of 
integration then had to go to court to 
sue Individual school systems that 
were segregated. In Arkansas, as in 
other southern communities, the 
National Association for the 
Advancement of Colored People 
(NAACP), which had originally brought 

the Brown case, began to plan for 
school integration. Daisy Bates, who 
with her husband published the black 
newspaper, the Arkansas State Press. 
in Little Rock, was the president of the 
Arkansas NAACP. 

In the sphng of 1957, the Little Rock 
school board finally agreed to 
desegregate grades 10 through 12 at 
Central High School, an all-white 

For the first three weeks of the school 
term. Governor Orval Faubus ordered 
the Arkansas National Guard to 
surround Central High to keep the 
black students out. Finally, a federal 
court judge ordered Faubus to remove 

Claudette Colvin 
sliown here about a 
year and a half 
before her arrest for 
refusing to give up 
her seat to a white 

the troops. The students were quietly 
brought Into the school through a side 
door, while a riotous mob attacked 
black and white journalists nearby. 

Ernest Green 

Green was one of the Little Rock Nine. 
He was the only senior In the group, 

"Some time before school started, we 
learned there were limits on what black 
students were going to be allowed to 
do. You knew that you weren't going to 
play football, be In the band or the 
class play, go to the prom. I had been 
in the school band for five years from 
seventh grade through 1 1th. Tenor 
sax. But this was an important enough 
breakthrough that all of these 
other activities, well, you could give 
them up.... 

17 Winter 1993 

"I never expected it to be life- 
threatening, which it was initially. I 
didn't have any real sense of how 
dangerous it could have been until we 
got home. We were in this huge school. 
I didn't hear any of the mob outside. 
When we were whisked out of school 
back to our homes, we sat there and 
watched it on TV. This is real, I 
thought. This is no day at the beach.... 

"The next day we were picked up by 
the army at our individual houses and 
taken to Mrs. Bates's house, which was 
our gathering spot. From there we got 
into a station wagon. It was a convoy. 
They had a jeep in front, a jeep behind, 
and armed soldiers in each of them. I 
think there were machine-gun mounts 
on the back of the jeeps.... 

"Every day the troops would bring us to 
the school. Initially we each had a 
paratrooper who would wait outside the 
classroom to escort us to the next 
class, so that we were never alone.... 

"The officers had sidearms in the 
school. The first day or so they had 
rifles inside the school. When Governor 
Faubus said Arkansas was occupied, 
that was true.... 

"When the segregationists realized that 
we weren't leaving, they started coming 
back. And when they came back, all 
hell started breaking loose. From 
around Thanksgiving until about March 
or April, it really was like having to fight 
hand-to-hand combat. It was trench 

"As they withdrew the troops from 
inside the corridors, you were 
subjected to all kinds of taunts, 

someone attempting to trip you, pour 
ink on you, in some other way ruin your 
clothing, and at worst, someone 
physically attacking you....We got calls 
at all times of the night— people saying 
they were going to have acid in the 
water guns and they were going to 
squirt it in our faces.... 

"You'd be crazy not to have fear. You 
kept fear in the back of your mind at all 
times, a fear that somebody was going 
to come over and physically harm you, 
and that nobody would come to your 
rescue. But we had to be nonviolent. 
Our nonviolence was an act of logic. 
We were nine students out of a couple 
of thousand.... 

"I decided after the segregationists 
started coming back that I was going to 
make it through that year. Short of 
being shot, I could outlast anything 
they could give. I think it was a 
combination of the family support at 
home and the relationship that grew 
between the nine of us.... 

'it's the irony of my class that no matter 
what any of the others did that 
[graduation] night, they were all going 
to be overshadowed by one event— my 
graduation.. ..We sat in these seats, 
and I had a space on both sides 
because nobody wanted to sit next to 
me. To get your diploma, you had to 
walk up a set of steps, across a 
platform, and back down. ..There was 
applause for every student. When they 
called my name, there were a few 
claps in the audience, probably from 
my family. Mostly there was this 
silence. It was eerie, quiet....! think the 

Many have asked me how I 
found people to interview 
from the civil rights 
movement. There are 
thousands of southern 
blacks who were young 
and involved in the 
struggle during the 1950s 
and 1960s, but with a few 
exceptions, they aren't 

Demonstrations, boycotts, 
marches and other forms 
of public protest were a 
tangible sign of 
Involvement, and so I 
began with the major 
events from 1955 to 
1965 — the Montgomery 
Bus Boycott, the Little 
Rock school integration 
crisis, the Birmingham 
protests, Mississippi 
Summer, Bloody Sunday 
and the Selma Movement. 
I called churches, 

community groups, 
someone's aunt or cousin, 
anyone or any group I 
could find, searching for 
names of people who were 
children or teenagers 
during the movement 
days. And in the way of 
these things, one person 
then led to another. And 
that's how I found most of 
the people to interview. 

Ellen Levine 

fact that it was so silent was indicative 
of the fact that I had done something. 
And really all nine of us had. Even 
though I was the one receiving the 
diploma, I couldn't have done it without 
the support of the others." 

Sit-ins, Freedom Rides and 
Other Protests 

After the bus boycott in Montgomery, 
many of the early civil rights protests 
took place in Birmingham under the 
courageous leadership of activist 
Reverend Fred Shuttlesworth. When 
Alabama state officials banned the 
NAACP in June 1956, Reverend 
Shuttlesworth organized the Alabama 
Christian Movement for Human Rights 
(ACMHR). The ACMHR sponsored 
many events to integrate city facilities. 
Segregationist reaction was violent.... 

Although these demonstrations had 
been taking place in Birmingham, the 
civil rights movement as a whole did 
not become widespread and receive 
extensive national attention until the 
full-scale student sit-ins began in 1960. 
On February 1 , four black college 
freshmen in Greensboro, North 
Carolina, went to a local Woolworth's 
store and bought some supplies. But 
when they sat down at the "white" 
lunch counter, they were told they 
wouldn't be served. If their money was 
"good enough" to pay for supplies, they 
argued, it should be accepted for food 
as well. They remained seated at the 
counter until closing time, never having 
been served. 

News of their protest action spread 
rapidly to other schools. Within weeks, 
students were sitting-in at lunch 
counters in cities throughout the South. 

Encouraged and inspired by Southern 
Christian Leadership Conference 
(SCLC) worker Ella Baker, on Easter 
weekend in 1960 more than a hundred 
students formed a student organization 
to coordinate the sit-ins and other civil 
hghts activities. It was called the 
Student Nonviolent Coordinating 
Committee (SNCC). 

The demonstrations expanded beyond 
lunch counter sit-ins. Protesters had 
wade-ins at segregated pools, kneel- 
ins at all-white churches, sit-ins at 
segregated movie theaters— protests at 
most every kind of public place. 

IBBrandeis Review 

Frances Foster 

Foster was involved in the early 
Birmingham protest actions of the 
1 950s as well as the demonstrations in 
the 1960s. 

"I remember my first demonstration. It 
was eight days after my 14th 
birthday... -Everybody chose the store 
that they wanted to go to. There were 
possibly a dozen of us. Before we 
went, we had prayer, and that gave us 
confidence.. ..I went to Pitzitz with my 
partner. I bought books. After I made 
the purchase, I went to the 
luncheonette on the mezzanine and sat 
down. There was a young black lady 
working there. She was afraid to come 
over to the table because she didn't 
want to lose her job. or do anything 
detrimental to herself. Or perhaps she 
thought something would happen to 

"A white lady came over and said, 
'What are you doing up here? You 
know you can't eat up here.' I said. 
'Why can't I? I made a purchase here 
in the store and they accepted my 
money for that. I'd like to order, 

She repeated. You have to go...' I said, 
'I'm not leaving until I'm served.' and so 
I sat there. ...A few minutes later 
television cameras and the Birmingham 
police came. ...The policeman said. 
"You know ain't no niggers allowed to 
eat up here.' The cameras were right 
there, so I politely came down the 
steps like the young lady I was at that 

1 wasn't afraid at all. I was very happy 
that day because I felt like I was 
gaining something. I felt I had done 
something for myself and my race. I 
knew it would be televised, so my 
purpose was fulfilled. We went there to 
show the world what they were doing to 
us here in Birmingham. 

"Downstairs they had cars waiting for 
us. [Police Commissioner] Bull Connor 
was there. When I got down, there 
were about six people in the car 
already. He told me to get in. I said. 
That car is too crowded, I can't get in 
the car and wrinkle up my dress.' It was 
my new dress. 

"He said, 'Heifer, if you don't get in this 
car, I'll take this gun and hit you upside 
your head.' 

The first freedom bus 
being attacl<ed and 
burned outside 
Anniston, Alabama, 
on May 14. 1961 (top) 
In Jackson. 
Mississippi, a luncti 
counter sit-in on May 
28. 1964. touc^iedoff 
mass demonstrations 

"I said, Tm not a heifer and I'm not 
going to get in that car. There's no seat 
for me to sit down, and I can't wrinkle 
up my dress.' Back and forth like that 
we went. Finally he made somebody sit 
on somebody else's lap, and I got in. 

"They took us straight to juvenile. In jail 
they let us watch it on television. I was 
so proud of what I had done. I knew 
that one day segregation had to go 

The Children's Crusade 

In April and May 1963, thousands of 
civil rights demonstrators in 
Birmingham, Alabama, were attacked 
by police officers under orders from 
Police Commissioner Eugene "Bull" 
Connor. Many children and adults were 
injured. Young blacks were jailed by 
the thousands. So many young people 
were arrested that these events 
became known as the Children's 

19 Winter 1993 

Audrey Faye Hicks 
shown here at nine 
years old. the age 
of her arrest 

Audrey Faye Hendricks 

Hendricks was nine years old when 
she became an civil rights activist. 

"I remember It being warm the morning 
I marched. The night before at a 
meeting, they told us we'd be 
arrested... .We started from Sixteenth 
Street Church. We always sang when 
we left the church. The singing was like 
a jubilance.. ..And It also gave you 
calmness and reassurance. 

"We went down a little side street by 
Kelly Ingram Park and marched about 
half a block. Then the police put us in 
paddy wagons, and we went to 
Juvenile Hall. There were lots of kids, 
but I think I may have been the 
youngest child In there. I was nine.... 

"I was in jail seven days. ...I was in a 
room with my fnends. We called 
ourselves Freedom Fighters. Freedom 
Riders. ...f\/ly parents could not get word 
to me for seven days... .At the end of 
seven days, they told me my parents 
were there to get me. I was real glad. 
They were just smiling and hugging 
me.... I could tell they were proud of 

The Closed Society: 

Mississippi and Freedom Summer 

Mississippi stood out even among 
southern states for its brutal 
enforcement of segregation. Almost 
half the population of the state was 
black, and there were more beatings, 
"disappearances" and lynchings than in 
any other state in the nation. 
Mississippi was a "closed society," as 
many called It, 

In 1 955 the rest of America woke up 
one morning to headlines about a 
singularly brutal killing. Emmett Till, a 
14-year-old boy from Chicago, had 
been visiting relatives in Mississippi 
when he was tortured and murdered for 
allegedly talking "Improperly" to a white 
woman. In a segregated Mississippi 
courthouse, two white men were tried 
for the murder and acquitted. Several 
months later, they admitted to an 
Alabama journalist that they had 
Indeed murdered Till,... 

Very few blacks in the state were 
allowed to vote. Sometimes they were 
physically intimidated and threatened 
to prevent them from registering. Often 
they were kept from registering by 
blatantly discnminatory rules. 
Applicants, for example, were required 
to pass literacy tests and Interpret 
obscure sections of the state 
constitution. Blacks were almost 
always told they had failed the tests: 
whites, on the other hand, even if 
Illiterate, were routinely registered. 

In 1962, the major civil hghts groups. 
Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), 
SNCC, NAACP and SCLC, formed the 
Council of Federated Organizations 
(COFO), which began work on a major 
voter rights project. As a result of that 
effort, more than 80,000 black 
MIssisslpplans voted in a special 
Freedom Vote election for governor 
and lieutenant governor, giving the lie 
to the claim that blacks weren't 
Interested in electoral politics. Kept out 
of regular Democratic Party politics in 
the state, civil rights workers formed 
the Mississippi Freedom Democratic 
Party, which enrolled thousands of 
disenfranchised blacks. 

One of COFO's most ambitious 
projects was Freedom Summer. 1964, 
It was a plan to bring nearly a thousand 
students, mostly white, to Mississippi to 
work on a massive voter registration 
drive and other community projects. 
The young people set up freedom 
schools with classes In black history as 
well as regular school subjects. 

The summer project, so successful In 
Its outreach to Mississippi blacks, 
actually began in tragedy with the 
disappearance of three civil rights 
workers, Michael Schwerner, James 
Earl Chaney and Andrew Goodman, 
Schwerner and Chaney had gone to 

Ohio to train the student volunteers. 
Goodman returned with them to 
Mississippi. While Investigating the 
burning of a black church near 
Philadelphia. Mississippi, they were 
arrested by Neshoba County police on 
June 21,1 964. For the next six weeks 
no one could find a trace of them. 
Then, after a tip from an Informant, FBI 
agents found their bullet-riddled bodies 
burled in an earthen dam a few miles 
from Philadelphia. 

Roy DeBerry 

As a teenager. DeBerry became 
involved in the civil rights activities of 
SNCC. (He later received his B.A. in 
1970, his M.A. In 1978 and his Ph.D. In 
1979 from Brandels.) 

"In my town and a lot of Mississippi 
towns, black people and white people 
did not socially interact. Yet we were 
Interacting with the SNCC workers, and 
of course the SNCC workers were 
interacting with other local people. 
While I didn't have any problem going 
to a cafe, or riding in a car with a white 
person, I was conscious of what I was 
doing, I knew It was not safe, but I 
knew it was something that had to be 

"I think I was afraid a lot of times. 
What's amazing Is that when you are 
afraid, you can deal with your fear if 
you don't allow it to cripple you. You 
deal with it by keeping doing things. 
Once you commit yourself to 
something, even as a child, and you 
think It's nght, then it's much easier to 
deal with the fear," 

Bloody Sunday 

and the Selma Movement 

In 1965 the civil hghts battleground 
shifted to Selma, Alabama, a former 
slave market town, about 50 miles from 
Montgomery, Nearly half the voting-age 
population was black, but only one 
percent was registered to vote. 

In the mid-slxtles SCLC workers began 
to organize in Selma, Their goals were 
twofold: desegregate stores and other 

20 Brandeis Review 


public facilities, and register voters. 
Young activists from nearby 
Montgomery came to help. ...Every day 
SCLC organized marches to the 
courthouse and to downtown stores, 
and every evening television news 
covered the mass arrests. When Dr. 
King was arrested, he observed that 
"there are more Negroes in jail with me 
than there are on the voting rolls." 

One evening Reverend C.T. Vivian of 
SCLC spoke at a mass meeting in 
nearby Mahon, Alabama. As the 
audience left the church for a nighttime 
march, police troopers and a local mob 
attacked the crowd. Many people were 
wounded, including news reporters. 
Twenty-seven-year-old Jimmie Lee 
Jackson, a native of Marion, was fatally 
shot while trying to protect his mother 
from a beating by state troopers. 

Reverend James Bevel of SCLC called 
for a 50-mile march from Selma to the 
capital in Montgomery to protest 
Jackson's murder and to demand full 
voting hghts for blacks. Alabama 
governor George Wallace announced 
that state troopers would block the 
march. The march organizers did not 
back down. On Sunday morning, 
March 7, 1965, hundreds left Brown 
Chapel, unofficial headquarters of the 
Selma movement. They headed for the 
Edmund Pettus Bridge, where they 
were met by state troopers and local 
police. The troopers viciously beat 
them in a police not that came to be 
known as Bloody Sunday. 

After Bloody Sunday, Dr. King made a 
national appeal, asking clergy from 
around the country to come to Selma to 
join a second march. Thousands, not 
only clergy, answered the call. As a 
result of the Selma demonstrations. 
President Johnson urged passage of a 
law to protect voting rights, which 
Congress passed later that year. The 
law suspended literacy tests and other 
dischminatory voting rules, and 
provided for federal government 
oversight of election procedure to 
prevent discrimination. 

Sheyann Webb 

Webb was eight years old when she 
became a civil rights activist. 

"I remember being afraid on the first 
attempt of the Selma-to-Montgomery 

march,,,,! remember very well my mom 
and dad trying to ensure that I was in 
the house. I slipped out the back door 
and I ran down.... I remember not 
wanting to get close to the front of the 
line because I was afraid.... 

"We were still on the Edmund Pettus 
Bndge. Going up, you can't see what's 
at the bottom on the other side. But I 
had gotten up to the top. which is 
midway on the bndge, and you could 
see down. The big picture that I saw 
frightened me more. When we were 
asked to kneel down and pray, I knelt 
down with everybody. Shortly after we 
got up, a burst of tear gas began. I 
could see the troopers and policemen 
swinging their billy clubs. People began 
to run, and dogs and horses began to 
trample them,...And I began to run.... 

"You began to hear sirens. You could 
still see the dogs and horses trampling 
people, who were running all the way 
back from the Edmund Pettus Bridge to 
Brown Chapel Church. When I made 
my way back home. I saw my mother 
and father and even my sisters and 
brothers there.... 

"I was still determined to go back out to 
Brown Chapel Church, but my parents 
wouldn't let me... I remember taking a 
pencil and writing down how I felt and 
what I saw. Then I wrote down my 
funeral arrangements because even 
with what I saw, I still wanted to go out 
and fight. And I said if I did that, I would 
probably die. So I wrote my funeral 

Arlam Carr 

Carr was a high school senior at the 
time of Martin Luther King, Jr.'s 

'The day Martin Luther King was killed, 
I didn't see the flag at half-staff at 
school. I walked into the auditorium 
and in anger threw my books down. 
Then I walked to the principals office 
and I said. Why isn't the flag at half- 
staff?' He said that flag-raising was the 
responsibility of the ROTC program. So 
I turned right around and walked down 
the hall to the ROTC room. 

"Normally when you wanted to see the 
major, you had to say, 'Sergeant Carr 
requests permission to see Major such 
and such.' I just walked past the 
sergeant, right into the major's office. I 
said. 'Why is the flag at full-staff It's 
supposed to be flown at half-staff. The 
president of the United States said all 
flags are supposed to be flown at half- 

"He said, 'Okay, Arlam, we will get it 
taken care of.' I walked out front and 
waited with this other guy who was also 
a senior. I had made up my mind that if 
it was not at half-staff by the time the 
first bell rang, we were going to take it 
completely down. 

"I felt that they weren't giving Dr. King 
the respect that he was due. Hey, you 
know, here in Montgomery, Alabama, 
is where he started. This is the place 
where every flag should have been at 
half-staff without having to be asked. 
Oh, I was very angry!" ■ 

After graduating from 
Brandels, Ellen Levine 
received her master's 
degree In political science 
from tfie University of 
Cfilcago, and did further 
graduate work at the 
University of California at 
Beri<eley. She has worked 
over the years on film and 

television documentaries for 
CBS, public television and 
Consumers' Union. She 
coauthored Rebirth of 
Feminism, a history and 
analysis of the contemporary 
women's movement, and 
Radical Feminism, an 
anthology of feminist 
writings. She earned a J. D. 
from New York University 
School of Law and practiced 
public Interest law. She Is 
currently writing books, 
primarily for young people, 
about the social and political 
subjects that Interest her 

21 Winter 1993 

Notre grand et glorieux chef- 
d'oeuvre c'est vivre a 

(Our great and glorious 
masterpiece is to live 

from L'Essay de I'experience 
by Michel de Montaigne 

The 16th-century 
philosopher Michel de 
Montaigne, a towering 
intellect of the French 
Renaissance, might have 
been preaching down the 
centuries to people like 
Evelyn Fox Keller, if by 
"living a propos" he meant 
enjoying the life of the mind 
to the fullest. A trenchant 

Evelyn Fox Keller '57 
Reflects on 
Gender and Science 

by Brenda Marder 

thinker. Fox Keller is well 
known in scientific and 
feminist circles. She entered 
full tilt into the arguments of 
gender ideology with her 
book. Reflections on Gender 
and Science, in 1985. But 
even before that her voice 
had a compelling resonance 
in communities where the 
uses and practice of science 
are pondered. And because 
the social and political 
atmosphere in the United 
States in the last decade 
has been suffused with the 
issue of gender, her ideas 
resound far beyond specific 

While she has always lived a 
propos. hers has not been a 
life free from conflict. Her 
search for knowledge led 
her into theoretical physics 
while still at Brandeis, but in 
graduate school, she had to 
confront a world of male 
physicists who were 
suspicious of and hostile to 
the few women who sought, 
as she did, to enter their 
world. In an essay published 
years after the fact in 1977, 
she finally brought herself to 
write about the ordeal: "...I 
was becoming the subject— 
or object— of a good deal of 
attention in the Physics 
Department. My 
seriousness, intensity, and 
ambition seemed to cause 
my elders considerable 
amusement, and a certain 
amount of curiosity as well. I 
was watched constantly, and 
occasionally addressed. 
Sometimes I was queried 
about my peculiar ambition 
to be a theoretical 

physicist — didn't I know that 
no woman at Harvard had 
ever so succeeded (at least 
in becoming a pure 
theoretical physicist)? When 
would I too despair, fail or go 
elsewhere (the equivalent of 
failing)? The possibility that I 
might succeed seemed a 
source of titillation; I was 
leered at by some, invited 
now and then to a faculty 
party by others. The open 
and unbelievably rude 
laughter with which I was 
often received at such 
events was only one of 
many indications that I was 
on display— for purposes I 
could either not perceive or 
not believe." 

A long time ago, she 
transformed her anger into 
creative energy, producing 
some brilliant analysis on 
the nature of science, how 
we think and talk about it, 
and the role it plays in our 
lives. Yet, much of her 
mature thought on the social 
forces of science had its 
birth in those formative 
years, when she grappled 
with becoming a female 

From day one in graduate 
school she was struck by the 
fact that few scientists were 
women. Later as she began 
the practice of science in the 
field of mathematical 
biology, she noted that the 
very language of science, its 
metaphors, its vocabulary, 
mirrored male values: she 
wondered if these two 
observations could be 
linked. She concluded that 
the language of science held 
many clues to the pursuit of 
science and its inherent 

Evelyn Fox Keller received her B.A, magna cum laude, from 
Brandeis. her M.A. from Radcliffe College and her Ph.D. In 
physics from Harvard University. Last fall she accepted a 
professorship at l\/lassachusetts Institute of Technology In 
the Program in Science, Technology and Society. 
Previously, she had been a professor in the Departments of 
Rhetoric and Women's Studies and an affiliate to the 
Program in the History of Science at the University of 
California. Berkeley, and a professor of mathematics and 
humanities at Northeastern University. 

social values. Thus an 
analysis of its language 
became and remains one of 
hier chief preoccupations. 

Fox Keller's line of 
reasoning is laid out in 
Reflections on Gender and 
Science, a collection of nine 
of her published essays, one 
of which was started in 1 977 
and the last one at the close 
of 1983. In the introduction 
she starts by examining the 
"deeply rooted popular 
mythology that casts 
objectivity, reason, and mind 
as male and subjectivity, 
feeling, and nature as 
female." She elaborated on 
this mythology in a 1991 
interview with Bill f\/loyers. 
"...scientists had a particular 
commitment to the notion 
that there was something 
special about what they 
were doing.. ..In the most 
general sense, science 
meant 'thinking like a man.' 
It was committed to an idea 
of objectivity that was from 
the beginning equated with 
masculinity in a very curious 
way," she told him. 

That equation, she claimed, 
launched her on her inquiry. 
"I wanted to understand 
what it meant to say 

"The possibility that 
I might succeed seemed a 
source of titillation; 
I was leered at by some, 
invited now and then to a 
faculty party by others." 

'thinking objectively' is 
'thinking like a man."' She 
questioned where that idea 
came from and what 
consequences it had for 
science. Scientists, as early 
as the 1 7th century, she 
learned, "were trying to 
articulate a form of 
knowledge and the rules by 
which you could demarcate 
correct from incorrect modes 
of knowing. " 

She was struck by a 
corollary that "They were 
also demarcating who 
should be engaged in this 
pursuit and who should not. 
But It wasn't just the 
demarcation of men from 
women. ...It was much more 
the demarcation of values. 
They invoked the language 
of gender in order to justify 
the exclusion of a certain 
domain of human activity, 
particularly the exclusion of 
feeling and emotion, from 
the pursuit of science," she 
said in the interview with 

As scientists sought to 
banish passion and 
engagement, they 
simultaneously sought to bar 
those individuals who, they 
believed, represented these 
impure domains, namely 
women. Fox Keller claims 

that this mode of thinking, 
voiced in the 17th century, 
has persisted to our own 

She focuses on Francis 
Bacon, a founding father of 
modern science, who she 
says, "first and most 
vividly" introduced the 
language of gender at the 
dawn of the modern 
scientific era. When Bacon 
writes about "binding 
Nature to mans service" 
and "making her his slave," 
even people deaf to the 
nuance of language must 
grasp his sexual imagery. 
To exhibit the persistence 
of gendered metaphors 
into contemporary times, 
she quotes from C.P. 
Snow's short story, "The 
IVIasters," where he 
describes a young scientist 
who has just made a 
discovery. "It's wonderful," 
he bursts out, "when 
you've got a problem that 
is really coming out. It's 
like making love. Suddenly 
your unconscious takes 
control and nothing can 
stop you. You know you're 
making old fVlother Nature 
sit up and beg, and you 
say to her I've got you, you 
old bitch. You've got her 
just where you want her." 

Such language betrayed a 
thirst for power on the part 
of scientists, a value that 
Fox Keller suspected very 
early in her career would 
distort the pursuit of 
science. Over time she 
became convinced that this 
hegemonic attitude runs 
altogether counter to the 
interest of good science. 

As Fox Keller probed these 
matters of language in 
Reflections on Gender and 
Science, she insisted that 
they ""were not just 
ornamental images on the 
surface of scientific rhetoric; 
they were deeply embedded 
in the structure of scientific 
ideology, with recognizable 
implications for practice." At 
the end of her book, she 
presses on this last point: 
how the practice of science 
IS influenced by being 
embedded in a gendered 
discourse, and relatedly, 
how it might be different if 
the language of science 
were not so gendered. To 
put it most bluntly, she was 
looking for ways to 
overthrow this inherited 
system of values and to 
change radically the way 
society practices science. 

Fox Keller was writing A 
Feeling for the Organism: 
The Life and Work of 
Barbara f^cClintock at the 
same time that she was 
composing the essays that 
make up Reflections. This 
parallel endeavor afforded 
her a chance to observe 
science as practiced by 
geneticist Barbara 
IVIcClintock (1902-1992), a 
person whose spirit soared 
beyond the boundaries of 
conventional ideology. Yet, 
Fox Keller writes, "Despite 
the ungrudging respect and 
admiration of her 
colleagues, her most 
important work has, until 
recently, gone largely 
uncomprehended and 

She is the recipient of numerous awards, grants and 
fellowships, among them an honorary degree from Mt. 
Holyoke College, an American Association of University 
Women Achievement Award and the 1986 Distinguished 
Publication Award from the Association for Women in 
Psychology. She was a member of the Institute for 
Advanced Studies at Princeton and a Senior Fellow at the 
Society for the Humanities at Cornell University. Most 
recently, she received a Brandeis Alumni Achievement 
Award in 1991, a John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur 

Foundation Award for 1992 and an honorary degree from the 
University of Amsterdam. 

A scientist by training. Keller has devoted much of her 
professional life to exposing both the gender discrimination 
women in science face and the effect of gender on the study 
of science, and has written extensively on these issues. Her 
books include Reflections on Gender and Science, A Feeling 
for the Organism: The Life and Work of Barbara IVIcClintock 
and Secrets of Life, Secrets of Death, (forthcoming). 

23 Winter 1993 

almost entirely 
unintegrated into the 
growing corpus of 
biological thought." This 
work, which began in the 
mid-l 940s, and for which 
McClintock received the 
Nobel Prize in 1983, was 
the discovery that genetic 
elements can move from 
one chromosomal site to 
another, an activity called 
genetic transposition. 

What interested Fox Keller 
was that McClintock is 
regarded as "an outsider to 
the world of modern 
biology — not because she 
was a woman but because 
she was a philosophical 
and methodological 
deviant," a mavenck who 
actually possessed a 
feeling for, an identification 
with, the organism. 
McClintock's attitude 
toward science departed 
radically from received 
wisdom. McClintock 
believed that scientific 
method alone, in her 
words, cannot give us "real 
understanding. It gives us 
relationships which are 
useful, valid, and 
technically marvelous; 
however, they are not the 

McClintock's introduction 
of intuition and personal 
engagement into the 
pursuit of science (the so- 
called feminine sensibility) 
strikes scientists steeped 
in the Baconian tradition as 
an outright absurdity. But it 
hit Fox Keller as being just 
right: McClintock was a 
kindred spiht. 

Fox Keller, to be sure, does 
not suggest that empathy 
and engagement are 
actually female attributes — 
only that they have 
traditionally been seen as 
such. And her point is that 
they have been excluded 
from science simply 
because they were regarded 
as feminine attributes. On 
this score, she complains 
that many people miss the 
meaning of her books. "My 
books are read by people, 
especially scientists, as a 
claim about how women 
scientists practice science. It 
isn't at all. My subject is 
gender ideology and the 
effect it has on the practice 
of science." 

Although more than 10 
years have passed since 
philosophers have been 
writing about the problem of 
gender in science, still she 
claims, "working scientists 
do not think that social 
context has anything to do 
with scientific truth, never 
mind gender. They don't 
think wars have anything to 
do with it; they don't think 
money has anything to do 
with it. Scientific ideology 
holds a belief in the 
autonomy of science, the 
purity of science and the 
objectivity of the enterprise: 
these are cartoon notions. 
Anybody who challenges 
these myths is in trouble." 
For Fox Keller and her ilk, 
the most important question 
is just this: how research 
agendas get shifted by 
social and political factors. 
Gender, in this broader 
discourse, she believes, is 
just one of the variables. 

Last sphng, to encourage 
her work as an historian and 
philosopher of science, she 
received a coveted "genius" 
award from the prestigious 
John D, and Cathehne T, 
MacArthur Foundation for 
$335,000. As is the custom, 
the foundation gives these 
awards with no strings 
attached, and no work 
required. She has not yet 
decided how she will use the 
money but some of it, she 
says, she wants to use to 
help other interdisciplinary 
scholars like herself. 

Fox Keller moved to the 
Boston area last semester 
from Berkeley to join the 
faculty at MIT, where the 
Brandels Rewew visited her 
just as her new appointment 
began. In her book- 
crammed office she pointed 
to a set of three or four 
yellowed notebooks lined up 
on a shelf. "See these spiral 
notebooks? Those are from 
the my junior year at 
Brandeis when I took what 
was practically my first 
physics course, with Sam 
Schweber. The course was 
way over my head — I 
remember using Page's 

As scientists souglit 
to banish passion and 
engagement, they 
simultaneously sought to 
bar those individuals who, 
they believed, represented 
these impure domains, 
namely women. 

Theoretical Physics as a 
reference. The book was 
really for graduate students 
and much of it was Greek to 
me. But in the end, looking 
back I realized I had learned 
an awful lot. Later, the next 
summer, I met with 
Schweber once a week and 
he taught me complex 
variables and started me on 
Feynman's Lagrangian 
formulation of quantum 

In an article she wrote many 
years later, she recalled 
falling "in love, 
simultaneously and 
inextricably with my 
professors, with a discipline 
of pure, precise, definitive 
thought, and with what I 
conceived of as its 
ambitions. I fell in love with 
the life of the mind." 

Professor Sam Schweber, 
professor of physics and 
Richard Koret Professor in 
the History of Ideas, who in 
the late 1970s switched his 
career from the practice of 
physics to the history of 
science, as has Fox Keller, 
has kept in touch with his 
former student. He 
deschbes her as one of 
Brandeis's stellar products, 
recalling that "her senior 
thesis on a topic in 

Former mentor Sam Sctiweber Barbara McClintock receiving 

professor of physics and 
Richard Koret Professor in the 
History of Ideas, in Fox Keller's 
office at MIT 

24 Brandeis Review 

the Nobel Prize. 1983 

(near right) Barbara McClintock 

at her parents ' home. 

Brooklyn. New York. 

in the early 1920s (far right) 

theoretical physics was 
clearly publishable. " 
Schweber assumes that she 
received recognition from 
the MacArthur Foundation 
"because of her special 
sensitivity toward the subject 
of science, plus her 
enormous range of technical 
skills — competence in 
physics, theoretical physics, 
molecular biology, biology, 
mathematical biophysics." 
Already when she was an 
undergraduate, the Brandeis 
science faculty recognized 
that she would one day gain 
this extraordinary 
competence in these areas, 
noted Schweber. 

When asked why she thinks 
she received the award. Fox 
Keller explains. "I had been 
nominated for the award 
many times before because 
my work is so eclectic: it's 
hard to fit me into the 
traditional disciplines. 
Universities cannot place me 
comfortably into any 
department, and I have 
suffered institutionally from 
that problem. The MacArthur 
Awards support people on 
the margins between 
disciplines and in irregular 
positions. And she was a 
conspicuous example of 

someone doing rather 
unconventional work and 
assigned an irregular 

Certainly. Fox Keller cannot 
be pigeon-holed, although 
she defines herself now as 
an historian and philosopher 
of science, "I am not doing 
technical work any more, 
working on mathematical 
models tor instance. But 
even when I was doing more 
technical work, I was always 
interested in the 
philosophical implications. I 
am still often tempted to 
intervene in technical 
debates, but from the 
philosophical end." Because 
of the spread of her 
interests, the scientific world 
often reacts intolerantly to 
her. 'Make up your mind." 
people nag. "Are you a 
scientist or aren't you?" 

At MIT she is assigned to 
the innovative Program in 
Science. Technology and 
Society. Being at MIT is 
probably the best place for 
her at this time. She is 
aware that as she focuses 
more and more on the 
philosophy of science 
instead of doing science, a 

gap could be created. 
However, being at MIT 
means she is surrounded by 
science and people like her 
with diverse interests. "I 
intend to prevent that gap by 
coteaching courses (such as 
the history of developmental 
biology) with practicing 
scientists. Such 
opportunities are unlimited 
here. " she said. 

When Fox Keller adds up 
the breakthroughs in 
understanding and sets 
them against the ingrained 
habits of mind that have 
persisted for centuries, she 
sees some reason for hope. 
At the same time, she 
recognizes, change does not 
come overnight. On the 
positive side more women 
are working as scientists 
than even a decade ago. 
Also, people now involved in 
the history and philosophy of 
science agree almost 
universally that language is 
an issue. "The landscape in 
the academy has 
transformed: the course of 
feminist scholarship has had 
such a dramatic effect that 
philosophers can no longer 
pretend that gender is not an 
issue." On the other hand, 
she has had to scrap her 
early conviction that once 
gender ideology was 

Because of the spread of 
her interests, the scientific 
world often reacts 
intolerantly to her. "Make 
up your mind, " people 
nag. 'Are you a scientist 
or aren't you?" 

exposed for what it is. a new 
approach to science would 
emerge: it has not. She 
admits that habits so deeply 
embedded in the culture of 
science cannot be revamped 
simply by altenng language. 

In the conclusion of 
Reflections. Fox Keller sums 
up her general philosophy. 
■A healthy science is one 
that allows for the productive 
survival of diverse 
conceptions of mind and 
nature, and correspondingly 
diverse strategies. In my 
vision of science, it is not the 
laming of nature that is 
sought, but the taming of 

Not one to be beaten back, 
she will continue to advocate 
vigorously for a gender-free 
and more diversified 
science. It will be interesting 
to see when and to what 
degree she and her 
colleagues are able to affect 
the course of science. For in 
our technological and 
scientific age. voices that 
can influence the making of 
science can chart, in part, 
the path of our destiny. ■ 

Louis D. Brandeis's 
"Mind of One Piece" 

by Morton Keller 

Membership in 
and shaped 
[Brandeis's] career 
as a reformer. He 
was deeply 
committed to work 
within and through, 
not against, the 
society's primary 

Louis D. Brandeis took center stage in an 
extraordinary range of the major public issues 
of his time, stretching from the right of 
privacy and civil liberties to business 
regulation, the condition of labor and 
Zionism. Both in what he did and what he 
stood for, he is one of the more significant 
Americans of this century, indeed, one of the 
very few to have a university named after 

Paul Freund, a law clerk for Brandeis who 
went on to become a legal scholar, once said 
that Brandeis's was "a mind of one piece." We 
may judge the truth of this observation by 
looking at Brandeis in the context of an 
American reform tradition that stretches well 
before and after him. In particular, he merits 
comparison with two others whom he 
resembles — and differs from — in revealing 

26 Brandeis Review 

ways: Wendell Phillips, the great antislavery 
ami (in the later years of his life) prolahor 
advocate of the late 19th century, and, in our 
own time, Ralph Nader, the scourge of 
America's corporate, political, governmental 
and educational institutions. 

All were lawyers — indeed, Harvard Law 
School graduates — and all found the 
customary practice of the law constricting 
and unsatisfying. The reformist impulse in 
each was stoked by the sense that large, 
vested interests oppressed the people. To a 
striking degree the three men shared the same 
social vision of a society of individuals freed 
from the shackles and constraints of social, 
economic and political institutions. Wendell 
Philhps's belief that "the difficulty of the 
present day., we are bullied by 
institutions" was echoed by Brandeis's 
persistent and powerful distaste for big 
business, and by Nader's messianic battles 

against organizations ranging from General 
Motors to the Educational Testing Service. 
When Nader committed himself to the 
development of "noninstitutional sources of 
power," he was echoing in his particular way 
a reform tradition that may be traced through 
Tom Paine, Thomas Jefferson and Henry 
David Thoreau, one to which both Phillips 
and Brandeis in part belonged. 

All three of them had a passion for facts. 
Phillips assiduously gathered data on the evil 
of slavery and then on the conditions of 
industrial workers. Brandeis was one of the 
most dedicated fact gatherers of his 
information-obsessed time. "To Nader," says 
a biographer, "infomiation is truth." Facts, 
they beUeved, would tear the veil of ignorance 
and acquiescence from the face of the people. 
And each had a genius for turning his 

One of the defining 
features of that 
American reform 
impulse was faith 
in the capacity of 
the reformer, 
working through 
the major 
institutions of 
society — politics 
and government, 
the law, the 
media — to effect 
real and lasting 

27 Winter 1993 

knowledge into publicity. Phillips was one of 
the most powerful orators of his time; 
Brandeis and Nader were brilliant innovators 
in the art of casting issues to catch the 
attention of the media and thus of the public. 

The three had certain personality traits m 
common as well. None had much taste for 
social status or creature comforts. Phillips 
turned away from the Boston Brahmin society 
into which he was bom. Brandeis made a 
fortune in order to be free to pursue his 
causes, gave away much of his wealth, and 
had a strong distaste for consumers and 
consumption. Nader is notorious for his 
rejection of the things of this world. The 
fervor of their reformist impulses often made 
these men seem remote to their associates, as 
though there was some inverse relationship 
between the compassion of a sensitive and 
effective critic of society and the empathy of a 
warm and affective human being. 

But Brandeis differed from the others in one 
important way. Phillips and Nader stood apart 
fiom the public institutions of their time, 
choosing to be critics from the outside. 
Brandeis had a much more positive, 
interactive relationship with those 
institutions. Membership in organizations — 
he belonged to and was active in scores of 
them, stretching from local good government 
gioups to the American Zionist movement 
and the Supreme Court of the United States — 
defined and shaped his career as a reformer. 
He was deeply committed to work within and 
through, not against, the society's primary 

In this sense Brandeis was a prototypical 
figtire in that great age of reform stretching 
from the Progressive movement of the 
centuiy's early years through the New Deal 
and on into the 1960s. One of the defining 
features of that American reform impulse was 
faith in the capacity of the reformer, working 
through the major institutions of society — 
politics and govemment, the law, the media — 
to effect real and lasting change. 

The Progressives and their progeny of the 
New Deal-New Frontier-Great Society are 
clearly distinguishable from the more 
anarchic, almost nihilistic strain represented 
by Phillips in the 19th century and by Nader 
in our own time. One reason for this is that 
while early 20th-century reformers were very 
much aware of the challenges of economic 
and social change — it is arguable that 
American society changed at least as much 

from, say 1891, at the beginning of Brandeis's 
public career, to his death in 1941, as in the 
half century since — they also had a strong 
sense of identification with an American past 
(however idealized) that neither Phillips nor 
Nader shared. 

The Progressives set out as much to restore as 
to change American society, and in 
consecjuence they were more ready to "work 
within the system." Indeed, they saw their 
roles as preserving and refurbishing that 
"system" and in so doing protect it from 
those — party bosses, corporate capitalists and 
radicals — who threatened it. 

In this sense, Brandeis was a Progressive 
reformer throughout his life. But he can be 
more precisely defined than that. He belonged 
to the wing of Progressivism that subscribed 
to a Jeffersonian ideal of a society of small, 
free competitors, distrustful of bigness — big 
business, big cities, big government — and 
constantly seeking ways to sustain and 
revitalize that ideal in the face of the 
conditions of modem times. These views 
moved him ineluctably from his birthright, 
antislavery Republicanism, to the pro- 
Cleveland, anti-Blaine Mugvaimp 
Republicans of 1884, to support for Robert 
LaFollette in that Wisconsin senator's ill-fated 
try for the 1912 Republican nomination, and 
finally in that year to Woodrow Wilson and 
the Democrats. Brandeis was strongly opposed 
to the more instmmentalist branch of the 
Progressive tradition, which was sympathetic 
to regulated big business, bureaucratic 
govemment programs and in some cases to a 
command economy (or, in its current 
incarnation, industrial policy). He had little 
use for Theodore Roosevelt and his New 
Nationalist Progressives, or for the more 
statist New Dealers such as Raymond Moley, 
Rexford Tugwell and Adolph Berle. 

Brandeis's earliest reform activities reflected 
the mid- 19th-century German-Jewish liberal 
tradition from which he emerged and the 
genteel reformism to which he was exposed 
during his years at Harvard and in his early 
Boston practice. His first substantial impact 
on American hfe came when he joined with 
his law partner Samuel Warren to publish one 
of the most frequently cited law review 
articles in American history. "The Right of 
Privacy," appearing in the Harvard Law 
Review in 1890, sought to define the 
character and content of a common law right 
to privacy that might justify the award of 
damages in tort suits pleading its violation. In 
doing so it reflected the socially rather 
conservative sentiment of the time that new 
technologies of intmsiveness — sensational 
journalism, photography, advertising — 
violated the right of respectable people "to be 
let alone." 

Brandeis Review 

As often would be the case, Brandeis 
expressed a sentiment that had no evident or 
immediate pubUc success. But, no less 
typically, he raised an issue that had — and 
has — substantial emotive power for a people 
confronting the intrusions of modern life. 

Equally revealing was his involvement with 
economic issues in the role of "people's 
attorney." His first such venture was an 
investigation into lobbying, and its attendant 
corruption, m the Massachusetts General 
Assembly. He focused in particular on the 
way in which legislators used the threat of 
regulation to extract bribes and kickbacks 
from liquor interests. He did so as a public- 
spirited citizen — and as counsel for the Liquor 
Dealers Association. 

This pattem — taking a stand on a public 
issue, but at the same time representing (often 
without pay) an involved interest group — 
would continue. As counsel for the Public 
Franchise League, Brandeis fought to deny 
long-term franchise privileges to the Boston 
Elevated Railway Company and to secure a 
city-built-and-owned subway. The cause was 
an appealing, public-spirited one: to expand 
mass transit with as little corporate profit as 
possible. And once again it claimed the 
support of a particular interest: downtown 
merchants such as Edward Filene and the 
Associated Board of Trade, whose 
commitment to low fares to the center city 
was both public-spirited and self-interested. 

In the same spirit he took on another source 
of corporate abuse in the new consumer 
economy: the life insurance business. The 
New York legislature's Armstrong 
Committee and its chief counsel Charles 
Evans Hughes came up with spectacular 
revelations of the large profits and small 
payouts of the major American life insurance 
companies. Brandeis was drawn into the fray 
as the spokesman for an interested group: 
Boston policyholders whom he represented as 
(unpaid) counsel of their protective 
committee. Typically, he took on the task of 
finding some larger solution to the problem of 
affordable insurance for the new urban 
masses. Relying on his system of massive fact 
gathering and analysis and skillful use of 
publicity, Brandeis was chiefly responsible for 
the enactment of savings bank life insurance 
in Massachusetts in 1907. It still stands 

today, run by a number of local banks, 
dependent on individual choice, with a low- 
keyed approach to marketing: a model of how 
Brandeis thought the modem American 
economy should function. But for those very 
reasons it was fated to be marginal in an 
economy driven by big business and mass 

Skeptics then and since have pointed out that 
Brandeis's general economic outlook — his 
hostility to bigness and consolidation, his 
commitment to small competitors — was in 
suspiciously close accord with the retail 
merchants and small manufacturers who 
made up a large part of his legal clientele. And 
it has been suggested that as a Jew he was 
shunned by big business, which impelled him 
to both his clients and his outlook. But given 
the lifelong consistency of his views, it seems 
far more likely that his was a symbiotic 
relationship with his mercantile small 
manufacturer clients. His beliefs made him a 
more effective spokesman for their interests, 
and representing them reinforced him in his 

It has been suggested as well that Brandeis 
never really understood the economic forces 
such as technology-fed economies of scale 
that made much big business incontestably 
more efficient, or the degree to which 
attempts to restore an older economic order 
could have counterproductive consequences. 
The critics' showcase example is the 
Interstate Commerce Commission's 1910 
hearings on railroad rate increases. Brandeis, 
speaking for shippers but also for his belief 
that the railroads — the biggest of American 
big businesses — could be more efficiently run, 
electrified the hearings by declaring that if 
they adopted scientific management 
techniques, the lines could save a million 
dollars a day, more than enough to make up 
for the rate increases they sought. 

He has been justly taken to task for the 
questionable assumptions about railroad 
management that lay behind that statement 
(to say nothing of the doubtful social utility of 
scientific management). But his enthusiasm 
for this faddish notion of the Progressive era 
was as much ethical — almost aesthetic — as it 
was strictly economic. He thought that 
scientific management, like conservation, was 
a way of using resources more efficiently, and 
efficiency was for Brandeis a value of the 
spirit as much as of the market. 

There were problems too with his long 
involvement in the issue of the consequences 
for small retailers of price-cutting by chain 
stores, department stores and other large 
outlets. When the Supreme Court in Miles v. 

As often would be 
the case, Brandeis 
expressed a 
sentiment that had 
no evident or 
immediate public 
success. But, no 
less typically, he 
raised an issue that 
had. ..substantial 
emotive power for a 
people confronting 
the intrusions of 
modern life. 

Brandeis may not 
have read modern 
America and its 
economy just 
right. But there 
was nothing at all 
amiss in the way 
in which he lived 
his life and used 
his talents. 

Park (1911) held that resale price 
maintenance — a form of price fixing — was 
illegal, Brandeis played an active role in the 
American Fair Trade League, a pressure group 
that sought to overturn the Park decision and 
restore price maintenance. He did so because 
he thought that it would help small 
manufacturers compete against large 
integrated firms, and protect them from the 
coercion of big mail order and chain 
distributors. Later, as a Supreme Court 
justice, he looked benignly on the trade 
association, that classic instrument of 
restrictive business practices. 

The consistent character of Brandeis's 
economic views — his belief in a competitive 
market economy in which small enterprise 
might flourish — is evident in his response to 
the New Deal. He came to stand for one of 
two competing schools of thought that tried 
to set the course of FDR's economic policy. 
The Brandeis school, including Felix 
Frankfurter, sought to restrict the power and 
scope of big business by corporate taxation 
and other policies, while through a variety of 
public works, social welfare and other 
Keynesian spurs, it hoped to jump-start the 
economy and reduce unemployment. Others, 
such as Adolf Berle, Rexford Tugwell, 
Raymond Moley and Donald Richberg— 
inheritors of the TR-New Nationalism 
tradition — were more ready to accept the 
permanency of big business and to seek 
recovery through price and production 

It is a measure of Brandeis's extraordinary 
range that he was as important a figure in the 
history of American social as in economic 
reform. The Brandeis brief in MuUer v. 
Oregon (1908) was a major contribution to the 
development of sociological jurisprudence 
(although he himself said that it should have 
been called simply "What Every Fool 
Knows"). In its reliance on the power of facts, 
it bears the unmistakable stamp of Brandeis's 
reformer style. 

It is true that Brandeis's argument for the 
Oregon law limiting women's working hours 
was hardly steeped in the values of today's 
contemporary feminism: 

Long hours of labor are dangerous for women 
primarily because of their special physical 
organization. In structure and function 
women are differentiated from men. Besides 

these anatomical and physiological 
differences, physicians are agreed that 
women are fundamentally weaker than men 
in all that makes for endurance: in muscular 
strength, in nervous energy, in the powers of 
persistent attention and application. 

But before consigning him to the wasteland of 
the politically incorrect, it would be well to 
keep in mind the horrific conditions to which 
laws such as the Oregon act addressed 
themselves. And the bulk of the brief was the 
work of his sister-in-law, Josephine 

Brandeis is perhaps best remembered today for 
the way in which he and fellow-justice Oliver 
Wendell Holmes created modem civil 
liberties law. At first they countenanced the 
government's World War I constraints on 
freedom of speech and of the press. But then 
he and Holmes dissented eloquently to the 
Court's acceptance of the often bizarre 
repressions that came before it during the 

Again, Brandeis's civil libertarianism should 
be seen in its proper historical context. He 
believed in free speech for essentially the 
same reason that he believed in a market 
economy of equal competitors: it was the only 
way in which the development of individuals 
could be fostered and American democracy 
preserved. He was no cultural pluralist or 
advocate of group rights in the modern sense. 
In 1905 he warned: "Habits of living or of 
thought which tend to keep alive differences 
of origin or to classify men according to their 
religious beliefs are inconsistent with the 
American ideal of brotherhood, and are 

The importance of Brandeis the reformer 
today rests not on the rightness or wrongness 
of his views, but on two other grounds. One of 
these is the degree to which there is a 
continuing place — indeed, a hunger — for the 
essentially 19th-century liberal outlook, 
supplemented by the Progressive belief in a 
cohesive American society and social welfare, 
which Brandeis embodied better than anyone 
else. Now, at this century's end, when the 
imperialism, racism and purblind nationalism 
of the Right that so flourished during its first 
half, and the command economy and social 
manipulativeness of the Left that flourished 
in the second half, are in deep and deserved 
disrepute, Brandeisian liberalism, market 
oriented, sensitive to individual freedoms and 
social welfare, committed to "a politics of 
personal autonomy and responsibility," has 
had a new birth of influence. 

The second reason for commemorating him 
today is the kind of life he led. The message of 
that life is that you can be in and of this 
world — training and using your intelligence, 
working in and with your community, your 

30 Brandeis Review 

profession, your nation's major institutions — 
without being guilty either of selhng out or 
opting out. I do not see that the Gnostic 
alternative of the rootless loner so much in 
fashion today is better suited to the demands 
of a complex modem society, as Ralph 
Nader's increasing marginality over the past 
couple of decades suggests. 

Brandeis may not have read modem America 
and its economy just right. But there was 
nothmg at all amiss in the way in which he 
lived his life and used his talents. And the 
school that bears his name — come to think of 
it, what more appropriate monument to 
Brandeis could there be than a small research 
university? — does right by itself and by its 
nation when it takes note of the extraordinaiy 
accomplishments of this extraordinary man. ■ 

Morton Keller, Samuel J. 
and Augusta Spector 
Professor of History, 
joined the Brandeis 
faculty in 1964. He 
received his B.A. from the 
University of Rochester, 
his M.A. and Ph.D. from 
Harvard University, and 
was awarded an honorary 
M.A. from Oxford 
University in 1 980 during 
a year there as the 
Harmsforth Professor of 
American History. Keller 
has taught at the 
University of North 
Carolina, University of 
Pennsylvania, Yale and 

Keller, who specializes in 
the history of American 
legal and political 
institutions, has written 
numerous articles and 
several books on these 
and related subjects. His 
books include In Defense 
of Yesterday: James M. 
Beck and the Politics of 
Conservatism 1861-1936; 
The Life Insurance 
Enterprise, I885-19I0; 
The Art and PoUtics of 
Thomas Nast; Affairs of 
State: PubUc Life in Late 
Nineteenth Century 
America; and Regulating a 
New Economy: Public 
PoHcy and Economic 
Change in Early 
Twentieth Century 

America, I930-I933. He 
has several writing 
projects in progress, 
including Regulating a 
New Society: Public 
Pohcy and Social Change 
in the Early Twentieth 
Century and The Pluralist 
Policy: Politics, Law, 
Government in Early 
Twentieth Century 
America. Keller is a 
coeditor of the 
Encyclopedia of the 
United States Congress, 
which is scheduled 
to appear in 1 994, 
and is currently working 

on a new edition of that 

He is an elected member 
of the Massachusetts 
Historical Society and the 
Society of American 
Historians, and since 
1 980 has been a fellow to 
The American Academy 
of Arts and Sciences. 
Keller has also received 
many honors and awards 
for his scholarship 
including an NEH 
Constitutional Fellowship 
and a Guggenheim 

31 Winter 1993 


Ralph Martin H 74 

Makes His Mark 

on Boston 

by Brenda Marder 

If cities have any chance of revitahzing, the heaUng will 
come through people like Ralph Martin II, who bring to 
their positions a spirit of social commitment and an 
ability to act as agents of change. Republican governor 
William F. Weld, whose capital is vexed by some 
of the same problems that tore apart Los Angeles last 
spring, was responding to social as well as purely 
law-enforcement problems last summer when he made 
a crucial appointment: he chose Ralph Martin H '74 
as district attorney of Suffolk County. The largest urban 
D.A. office in New England, it has an annual 
budget of $8 million, 217 employees and handles 6,500 
cases per year. 

The county comprises not only elegant downtown 
Boston, but neighborhoods racked by gang 
violence, homicide and grinding poverty like Roxbury, 
South Boston, Mattapan and Dorchester; and it 
stretches to troubled cities like Chelsea and Revere and 
Winthrop. The black community, which has only one 
elected black citywide office holder to speak for it, was 
relieved to see that the governor's short list of five 
included not only Martin but also a second eminently 
qualified black candidate. With the installation of 
Martin on September 1, Massachusetts, which boasts 
the oldest (the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial 
Court just celebrated its 300th anniversary last year) 
and one of the finest legal systems in the country, could 
finally claim a black district attorney. 

During the selection process starting from late last 
winter until the governor's announcement on July 30, 
Martin remained front-page news in Boston. In a city 
known for its jugular-vein politics, rarely has a potential 
appointee under intense public scrutiny received such 
consistently benign press, a testament to his character 
and to the fact that he has been apolitical. 

Bostonians, whose passionate engagement in politics is 
legendary, love nothing better than a good political 
conundrum: Weld's appointment of Martin offered 
them a perfect matter for mmination. The D.A. in 








Suffolk county is an elected position, but when 
Democratic stalwart Newman Flanagan, who held the 
job since 1979, resigned in the midst of a four-year term, 
Weld had the authority to hll the vacancy with an 
interim appointment. He seized the opportunity to give 
the office over to his own party. As a result, the county, 
a Democratic bastion, now has in Ralph Martin 11 its 
first Republican D.A. since the 1920s. 

It was only in the last few weeks of the selection 
process that Weld concluded he wanted a member of 
the minority community in the D.A.'s seat. Local 
newspapers reported that after attending an event at 
Roxbury Community College, an institution serving a 
preponderance of minority students. Weld was so 
moved by their pride and enthusiasm that he vowed to 
appoint a minority to head the D.A.'s office. Wayne 
Budd, now the associate U.S. attorney general and the 
first black to have served as U.S. attorney in 
Boston, recommended Martin to Weld as the best 
qualified candidate. 

Presumably Weld, up for reelection in 1994, tried his 
utmost to choose a D.A. who could win the 
forthcoming election. Yet ironically, Martin is totally 
inexperienced in politics, having spent his entire 
career as an appointed official in the public sector or 
lawyering in small firms. To add a dash of spice to the 
suspenseful process, when the governor had narrowed 
his list to a few finalists, Martin, a top contender, 
was politically unaffiliated. 

1 Brandeis Review 

During an interview with the Brandeis Review in his 
office at the Boston law firm of Stem, Shapiro, 
Rosenfeld dk Weissberg (name partner Lynn Weissberg, 
by the way, is Brandeis Class of 1960) shortly before 
Weld announced his selection, Martin mulled over 
some tactical options regarding his party affiliation and 
how his alignment might play out at election time. "I 
will have to make a decision, if the governor gives me 
the nod," he said. "If I register as a Democrat, I have to 
bank on surviving a competitive primaiy to make it to 
the general election. If I become a Republican, I may 
avoid a real contest in the primaries, and make it to the 
general election and face off against a Democratic 
opponent. I think, though, that if I do a really good job 
as D.A., I can transcend party lines. People want a good 
district attorney, period." The day that Weld "gave him 
the nod," Martin declared himself a Republican. 

Anyone viewing Martin's choice of affiliation through 
the lens of political logic would wonder how he could 
have done otherwise and remained Weld's appointee. 
Yet the governor, much to the chagrin of many 
Republicans, has appointed a number of Democrats to 
key positions. 

But Martin could have done worse than associate 
himself so closely with the governor of Massachusetts. 
Weld himself is attracting his share of the national 
press, as a rising star who could conceivably become the 
Republican choice in the next Presidential election. The 
New York Times Magazine, which ran a cover story on 
Weld in August, claimed, "...he is striking themes with 
generational and national resonance. Fiscal 
conservatism and social liberalism seem naturally 
married in Weld's mind. If he can make harmony out of 
dissonance, the next national candidate from 
Massachusetts will be a libertarian Republican." 

Although Weld and Martin come from two different 
worlds — Weld, the private-school educated scion of a 
wealthy, blue-blood family, and Martin, the son of a 
single parent police officer who guided him toward a 
professional career, and a family who steadied him 
through a childhood in the tough Bedford Stuyvesant 
section of Brooklyn — they have known and respected 
each other for years. In fact, this is not the first time 
Martin has served as a Weld appointee. From 1985 to 
1992, Martin was an assistant United States attorney 
for the District of Massachusetts, having been 
appointed by Weld, who in 1985 was United States 
attorney. There Martin gained invaluable experience on 
the Organized Crime Drug Enforcement Task Force and 
later with the Major Frauds Unit. 

While in that office, Martin drew the ire of some 
members of the local police force because of his role as 
the lead prosecutor who examined allegations of police 
misconduct in the 1989 Stuart case, where a black man 
had been wrongfully pursued as the suspected murderer 
of Carol Stuart. Then-U.S. attorney Wayne Budd 
decided not to prosecute officers for violating federal 
civil rights laws, after finding substantial evidence of 
serious misconduct but not enough hard evidence to 
win a court case against them. Martin, according to the 
Boston Globe, claimed that the decision was "the 
biggest disappointment of his career." 

Martin int^tui snakes hands 
with his predecessor, 
Newman Flanagan, at his 
swearing-in. while his wife, 
Deborah Scott, looks on 

Fiis reaction gained him the enmity of more than a few 
police officers, a factor that he will have to overcome, 
since his success as D.A. depends in large measure on 
cooperation with the police department. But on the 
other hand, his stance earned him respect within the 
black community: some of its members were the 
alleged victims of the civil rights abuses and had come 
to feel alienated from and hostile toward the justice 
system not only because of their treatment during the 
time of the Stuart case, but for other injustices. 

Although one agency or one person alone can hardly 
improve the lives of citizens, Martin insists that as D.A. 
of Suffolk County he will be in a position to exert 
influence on the larger society. During that interview 
with the Review last summer, Martin sat in a crisp 
shirt and slightly loosened tie. His manner was 
professional; he exuded composure. Cool might be the 
best adjective to describe him. In spite of the 
demanding pace in his practice at Stem, Shapiro, he 
conversed easily and leisurely, happy to talk with me, 
his visitor from Brandeis. He answered all questions in a 
direct and plain-spoken manner, not hesitating even on 
the tough ones about the Stuart case: 

Marder: Don't your ties with the police have to be 
cooperative and harmonious for you to operate 
effectively as D.A.? 

Martin: I conducted the U.S. attorney's investigations of 
civil rights abuses. Certainly this is not the type of 
investigation where you would develop cordial relations 

33 Winter 1993 




Martin at the Boston 

After graduating from 
Brandeis in 1974 and 
completing law school at 
the Northeastern 
University School of Law 
in 1978, Ralph Martin II 
began his law career in 
civil and criminal law as 
an associate at the firm of 
Budd, Reilly and Wiley. 
From 1982 to 1985, 
Martin was an assistant 
district attorney in 
Middlesex County, where 
he held a variety of 
positions, including 
Superior Court prosecutor, 
supervisor of the 
Cambridge Jury of Six 
session and supervisor of 
the district attorney's 
Maiden District Court 
office. He also assisted in 
the training of new 
assistant district 
attorneys. From 1985 to 
t 1 992. Martin served as 
assistant United States 
attorney for the District of 
Massachusetts. Upon 
joining that office, he was 
assigned to the Organized 
Crime Drug Enforcement 

Task Force, and later 
joined the Major Frauds 
Unit (Economic Crimes 
Division), where he 
prosecuted complex white 
collar crimes. In March 
1992, he became a partner 
in the law firm of Stern, 
Shapiro, Rosenfeld e) 
Weissberg and on 
September 1, 1992 was 
sworn in as district 
attorney of Suffolk 
County, appointed by 
Governor William Weld. 

Martin has been an active 
member of the Greater 
Boston Legal Services 
Board of Duectors for 
several years, having 
served on the Executive, 
Site and Executive 
Director Search 
Committees, and he 
currently sits on the Long- 
Range Planning 
Committee for that 
organization. Martin is 

also a member of the 
Steering Committee of the 
Boston Bar Association's 
Criminal Law Section, 
and has served on the 
Massachusetts Bar 
Association's Criminal 
fustice Section Council. 
He is past vice president 
and secretary of the 
Massachusetts Black 
Lawyer's Association. 

Since 1987 Martin has 
been a lecturer in civil 
trial practice at 
Northeastern University 
School of Law and has 
lectured on a variety of 
trial matters at 
continuing legal 
education seminars 
sponsored by MCLE and 
the Boston Bar 
Association, and the 
Attorney General's 
Advocacy Institute in 
Washington, DC. He lives 
in the famaica Plain 
section of Boston with his 
wife and two children. 

with the pohce whom you were investigating. If you 
view yourself as a professional prosecutor, you look at 
the facts and go where they lead you. If you feel good 
about the judgment you used in arriving at a decision in 
the case, if you can live with it on those terms, other 
kinds of scrutiny are not going to be as bothersome. 

Martin expressed enthusiasm for his four-month-old 
partnership at Stem, Shapiro, where he came after seven 
years in the U.S. attomey's office. But he also displayed 
a strong concern for the broad area of social justice, 
which, he claims, can best be effected in the public 
sector. He would leave the firm, he said at our 
interview, only to take the D.A. job in Suffolk county. 
"The opportunity to be the district attorney in the town 
I live in is important to me." Martin and his wife, 
Deborah Scott, a dermatologist, are bringing up their 
two small children in the Jamaica Plain section of 
Boston: his motives for wanting to improve the area run 

Indeed, Martin's vision of the law seems tinged with a 
Brandeisian sense of justice, a desire, suggesting Louis 
Brandeis's efforts to place the law in the service of 
society. "I think the office of D.A. in Suffolk is in 

tremendous need of new leadership and fresh ideas. I 
view the job of prosecutor widely. My plan entails 
getting out from behind the desk to figure out how the 
resources of the office can be devoted to actually 
deterring or reducing crime before it gets out of 
control." One way to control crime, Martin believes, 
is to help troubled young people while they can 
still be rehabilitated. 

Naturally, he is determined to be an aggressive 
prosecutor and meet the most pressing and violent 
crimes. "But," he asserts, "beyond that you could use 
the office as a bully pulpit to confront juvenile crime. 
There is a whole generation of kids, not just in the 
minority community, but everywhere within the poorer 
neighborhoods of Boston, to whom we don't give 
enough thought to compensating for the deficits in their 
lives. If you get a juvenile in the criminal justice system 
and you don't have a bed for him in a secure 
rehabilitative facility, what are you going to do with 
him: In Massachusetts, we have around 228 beds in a 
secure rehabilitative system statewide. We need five 
times as many beds at least so that we can try to 
redirect some of their antisocial behavior while the kids 
are in an environment that's removed from where they 
developed negative behavior in the first place." 

As for the financing of programs for juveniles, Martin 
brings out this figure: it costs about $25,000 a year per 
adult inmate for their housing, food and care. "You 
could probably do it at the juvenile level for a lot less." 

34 Brandeis Review 

Martin is also concerned about Boston's nei,i;libi)rhoods, 
which he thinks are polarized and isolated horn one 
another. He comments that as a black D.A. he could 
facilitate contact among them, and show them ways 
they could cooperate. "If the D.A. of Suffolk county is 
credible and happens to be black, it helps people 
overcome some traditional notions about whether 
minorities can wield power and influence the cities in a 
responsible way." 

The hard questions, Martin agrees, have to do with 
funds. "You have to start with the state legislature: 
that's where the money comes from. I'd want to join 
with advocacy groups and maybe even with other D.A. 
offices. The legislature would be impressed if not only 
social service groups but also law enforcement groups 
buy into programs that deter and reduce crimes." 
Martin admits that the recession could stand in the way 
of grand schemes. Looking at the D.A.'s office as an 
example of budgetary reduction, he notes that earlier 
there were 1 14 or so slots for assistant district 
attorneys, but now the budget authorization is down to 
about 102. He visualizes the city as a unit where 
industry, education, law enforcement and other entities 
sit down to solve problems together. 

In Martin's opinion, Boston is easier to reform because 
of its size, which is much smaller than, say, Los 
Angeles or Washington, DC, or other troubled cities. "If 
we don't act now we are going to face a future 
generation so needy that the rest of society will look on 
them as lepers." 

If Martin needed a helpmate in Boston to sound the 
alarm about the plight of children on America's streets, 
internationally known pediatrician T. Berry Brazelton 
intoned an equally dire message to a local audience 
unconnected to the D.A.'s office. Dr. Brazelton, who 
returned recently from Croatia where he toured camps 
as a UNICEF emissary said "We have the same kind of 
vacuum of hatred, anger, of hopelessness in our inner 
cities as they have over there. And the kind of hatred 
and violence we have here in Boston ought to stir 
everyone up," because, he continued, many of our 
children in inner cities are exhibiting the same kinds of 
stress and trauma as children from Sarajevo and other 
war-torn places in the former Yugoslavia. 

To cope with the multitude of problems, Martin is 
making his office more efficient and responsive. At his 
ceremonial swearing-in on October 2, conducted by 
Weld, (he was swom-in in a private setting without 
ceremony on September 1, because Weld was abroad) he 
outlined some of the improvements he planned to 
implement. He announced the establishment of 
training programs for district and superior court 
prosecutors to ensure that sensitive cases could be 
handled better. He told the 350 or so people in the 
audience, "We are already beginning to assemble a 
search warrant response team to assist the police 
department. obtain search warrants that will 
withstand judicial scrutiny." Organizational changes, 
he promised, "would be made in 60 to 90 days. 

Martin receiving a special 
recognition award from the 
Minority Alumni Network 
Reunion Committee at 

These include assigning assistant district attorneys to 
district courts for longer periods. ..and expanding 
services to witnesses and victims of crime." Also, 
he vowed to continue to move to a system of direct 
indictment so that serious felonies are brought 
immediately to a grand jury. 

He had already visited with some 200 summer youth 
workers and campers in Dorchester in his first 
public appearance after his appointment. He addressed 
their concerns about police harassment and advised 
them on how to achieve success. He told them that he 
would place a staff of lawyers and victim/witness 
advocates in the courts to meet with youth workers 
and communities to get their input on how to 
solve problems. 

After the ceremony, Martin had no time to celebrate. 
His swearing-in was followed the next day and the next 
by a series of six killings in Dorchester, Mattapan 
and Roxbury: one of the victims was a 12-year-old girl. 
And since then, the tragedy has been repeated time 
and again. 

Martin is off to a good beginning, most agree, having 
appointed some excellent people to his staff, most of 
them experienced attorneys who have already been 
active in civic causes. As he stands in the public glare, 
many eyes are riveted on him. Can he make his mark 
on Boston in a significant way? Lynn Weissberg thinks 
he can. "He has the administrative skills and 
organizational skills to be successful. He is active in 
and connected to the neighborhoods in Boston. The 
D.A.'s office is going to work well only if the people in 
the neighborhoods feel that they can be heard. It is a 
tremendous job," she says. 

It is a tremendous job: indeed, lives arc at stake. 

35 Winter 1993 

Goes Where 
the Interesting Science Is 

by Janet Mesrobian 

constraints on 
international health 
care.. .have created 
a new breed of 
scientist — a 
diplomat who must 
juggle global 
politics, medicine, 
relations and 
immunology in the 
hope of saving 
human lives 
and staving off 

Eight million children are killed each year by viral 
and bacterial diseases. If these children had been 
vaccinated, they would be alive today. 

In their wake, these same diseases spawn a 
staggering 900 million severe illnesses annually. 
So children who survive the early risks of 
diseases brought on by non-vaccination may be 
plagued by illness in their adult years. Among the 
killers are tuberculosis, malaria, measles, 
hepatitis, tetanus, typhoid and other diseases. 

Financial constraints on International health care, 
which force many of the world's poorer, 
developing nations to forgo vaccinating their 
children, have created a new breed of scientist — a 
diplomat who must juggle global politics, 
medicine, international relations and immunology 
in the hope of saving human lives and staving off 
diseases. Seung-il Shin '64, Ph.D. '68 is one of 
that breed. Senior health advisor for the United 
Nations Development Programme (UNDP), he is 
assessing the feasibility of establishing an 
international vaccine institute. 

A worldwide movement, the Children's Vaccine 
Initiative (CVI) is aiming to immunize the worlds 
children at birth against all vaccine-preventable 
diseases. A collaborative effort of the United 
Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), the UNDP, 
the Rockefeller Foundation, the World Bank and 
the World Health Organization (WHO), CVI brings 
together the governments of developing and 
industnalized nations, global private and public 
sectors and other international organizations. 
Since October, Shin has been examining the 
feasibility of creating the international vaccine 
institute as part of CVI's initiative for worldwide 
vaccine research, development, training and 

"The purpose is to stimulate work on vaccines that 
are important for children all over the world," Shin 
explained. "There are many, many diseases 
against which there are no vaccines. It is unlikely 
that some of these will be developed because 
these vaccines have no commercial market and 
the diseases are mostly prevalent in developing 
countries, so pharmaceutical companies in large 
advanced countries will not invest in them. 

"In Southeast Asia, Africa, Latin America, very 
severe damages are done because of diarrheal 
diseases, cholera, malaria," Shin explained. 
"There are no effective vaccines against these 
diseases." Although thousands of children in 
financially constricted nations must go without 
vaccination, many Americans are also at risk. 

In developing countries, the vaccines that 
American children normally receive — DPT, polio, 
measles, mumps and rubella— are in short 
supply or not available due to their high costs. For 
many other diseases, vaccines simply have not 
been developed yet. Large international 
companies are not interested in becoming 
suppliers of inexpensive children's vaccines in 
developing countries. Shin said, so there is 
often a severe shortage. 

The Asia-Pacific rim, with its large population and 
dire need for vaccination, would be the ideal place 
to locate the proposed vaccine institute. Shin 
explained. "In some of the countries in the 
western Pacific — Japan, Korea, Singapore, 
Thailand and Taiwan— we believe there exist 
needed resources in terms of social infrastructure, 
manpower, technology and financial resources for 
the successful creation of such an institute." 

Shin, who is presently reviewing major vaccine- 
related private and public sector institutions in 
developing and industrial nations, is hopeful the 
CVI's international organization, which is neither 
governmental nor commercial, will be able to 
transcend existing constraints to develop new and 
less costly vaccines and facilitate their global 
usage. The aim is to establish the first 
international vaccine institute within the next two 
years and ultimately to establish a worldwide 
network of such institutes. 

"Right now I'm looking into institutions related to 
vaccine research and development in the United 
States, the Far East, Southeast Asia, Latin 
America and Europe, first to assess the present 

36 Brandeis Review 

A Wien Scholar, Seung-il 
Shin received his B.A.. cum 
laude, In chemistry with 
honors from Brandeis In 
1964 and his Ph.D. in 
biochemistry in 1968. He 
has served as professor of 
genetics at the Albert 
Einstein College of Medicine 
at Yeshiva University and as 
a visiting professor of 
microbiology at Seoul 
National University in Korea, 
where he began his 
undergraduate degree. He 
has also been a research 
fellow at the University of 
Leiden in The Netherlands 
and a member scientist of 

the Basel Institute in 
Switzerland. He sen/ed as 
the first president of Eugene 
Tech International Inc., and 
as a member of the 
Scientific Advisory 
Committee of the Damon 
Runyon-Walter WInchell 
Cancer Fund. He is a 
member of the American 
Association for Cancer 
Research, American 
Association for the 
Advancement of Science, 

American Society for Cell 
Biology, American Diabetes 
Association and Genetics 
Society of America. He was 
the first Gillette Fellow to 
receive the Ph.D. degree 
from Brandeis and has been 
honored with a Faculty 
Research Award of the 
American Cancer Society. 
l\/lost recently, he was 
named senior health advisor 
for the United Nations 
Development Programme. 
Shin Is married to Susan 
Sandler Shin '64. 

situation worldwide, and second to establish a 
cooperative international network so that when we 
set up the international vaccine institute in the Far 
East, it will serve as a focal point for activities 
worldwide," Shin said. "The eventual hope is to 
locate a center in the Far East followed by other 
similar regional centers in Latin Amenca, South 
Asia, Eastern Europe and Afhca." 

Immunization is the most effective strategy for 
disease prevention, particularly in developing 
nations where medical treatment is either not 
available or provided too late because of high 
costs and lack of services. In the 1980s, a major 
international push began for worldwide 
vaccination. Since 1989. UNDP and WHO have 
supported 87 vaccine development projects 
in 19 countnes as part of the global effort to 
stimulate vaccine development. It was based 
upon some of these efforts that the CVI program 
was launched in 1990. 

CVI's ultimate goal is to spur the creation of a 
single, multi-component vaccine, which can be 
taken orally rather than injected. However, such a 
goal— which may cost hundreds of millions of 
dollars to develop and implement — is considered 
distant, but achievable. 

Shin, a Wien Scholar, was the first Gillette Fellow 
at Brandeis. He has carved out a career as 
a leading international geneticist, academic 
and entrepreneur since receiving his Brandeis 

There are many, many diseases against which there are 
no vaccines. It is unlikely that some of these 
will be developed because these vaccines have no 
commercial market..." 

On a recent visit to Brandeis, 
Shin (left) received an Alumni 
Achievement Award from 
President Samuel O. Thier 

37 Winter 1993 

'In the United States, fewer high school graduates pursue careers in 
the basic sciences-American culture, somehow, seems to teach 
children to take the path of least resistance or least work. This idea of 
discipline and applying oneself has diminished." 

In 1967 The Gillette 
Company launched the 
Gillette Fellows Program 
at Brandeis University. 
Since the program's 
inception, more than 80 
graduate students 
in the sciences have 
held this prestigious 
fellowship award. 
In addition to providing 
aid to individual students, 
the Gillette Fellows 
Program has served to 
strengthen ongoing 
research in the fields of 
biochemistry, biology, 
biophysics, chemistry 
and physics. 

The distinguished 
scientists supported by 
this program are 
making important 
contributions in all areas 
of science — from 
medicine to physics — and 
in both industry and the 
academy. On June 4, 
1992, Brandeis hosted 
a 25th anniversary 
luncheon to express its 
gratitude to The 
Gillette Company. 

Shin (right) receiving 

his B.A. from then-President 

Abram Sachar 

Ph.D. in 1968. For the UNDPs vaccine initiative, 
he will be calling on for assistance his network of 
former classmates from Brandeis's Wien 
International Scholarship Program, who are now 
in the Far East. 

"Colleagues from Brandeis's Wien program are 
now leaders in academic science, government, 
education and business in Hong Kong, the 
Philippines, Thailand, Japan, Korea and China," 
Shin said, "We have to try to coordinate so that all 
of the countnes can come together in a truly 
cooperative effort." 

Shin delivered the keynote address at the Gillette 
Fellows 25th anniversary luncheon on campus 
last summer, focusing on the transition of 
scientists between academia and industry. As the 
University's longest continuing corporate sponsor, 
Gillette has been sponsoring graduate fellows in 
the fields of biochemistry, biology, biophysics, 
chemistry and physics. 

In mid-career. Shin made the transition from the 
academy to private industry, a move he believes 
allowed him to distribute more expediently a low 
cost hepatitis B vaccine, for which he developed 
cost-reducing technology. After several years on 
the faculty of the Albert Einstein College of 
Medicine, he founded Eugene Tech International 
in 1984 and became senior executive vice 
president and director of research and 
development at Cheil Foods and Chemicals Inc., 

38 Brandeis Rc\ 

a subsidiary of the Samsung Group in Seoul, 
Korea. At Cheil and through Eugene Tech 
International and the New York Blood Center, 
Shin and his colleagues developed technology to 
mass produce the vaccine more cheaply: the 
price of vaccinating one child was reduced from 
$150 to $3. Samsung, through Cheil Foods, 
provided the capital to develop and distribute the 
vaccine. Shin said. 

Viral hepatitis B is spread through blood and 
bodily fluids and is the leading cause of liver 
cancer worldwide. It plagues Asia. Africa. Latin 
America and parts of Europe, causing widespread 
death and devastation. More than one billion 
people are believed to be infected, approximately 
300 million are chronic carriers of the disease, 
and as many as two million die each year from 
viral hepatitis B. However, the reduced price has 
allowed the viral hepatitis B vaccine to become 
accessible and affordable to many developing 
counthes. The hepatitis B immunization is now 
carried out in 35 nations, Shin said. "To really 
control hepatitis it is important that children 
become immunized immediately after birth. That's 
the most efficient way to prevent infection and 
becoming a lifelong carrier, which leads to severe 
liver disease and cancer." 

The disease also poses a potential health threat 
in the United States. According to the Centers for 
Disease Control, as many as one million 
Americans may have hepatitis B and 300,000 
new cases are reported each year. Currently, the 
majority of Americans who contract hepatitis B are 
in their twenties and are infected through sexual 
contact; in fact, hepatitis B is the most prevalent 
sexually transmitted disease. The U.S. 
Department of Labor's Occupational Safety and 
Health Administration (OSHA) requires all pnvate 
employees who come into contact with other 
people's blood to be vaccinated against hepatitis 
B. Although OSHA has no jurisdiction over 
public employees, it strongly recommends that 
public workers who are exposed to blood — such 
as police and firefighters— be vaccinated as 
well. Shin hopes that the medical community will 
follow the recommendation of the American 
Academy of Pediatrics for universal vaccination of 
American children. 

Vaccination and other preventative medical 
measures should be taken in the United States, 
said Shin. "Preventative medicine is not given 
the priority it should be given, not only in 
immunization but in investments in this kind of 
technology. There are tremendous technical 
advances in molecular biology and genetics that 
should be channeled more effectively toward 
health care issues such as vaccine development, 
but they're not because commercially 
its not lucrative for drug companies if the only 
potential customers are poor children in 
developing countries." 

Shin is fearful that efforts such as CVI will suffer 
as young scientists are swayed away from 
careers in public interest or academia. Academic 
scientists fear reductions in public funding are 
dissuading many young people from careers in 
academic science or causing them to work both in 
academic and commercial science 
simultaneously. More academicians are heading 
to pnvate industry and fewer students are training 
to be scientists. He contrasted the lack of 
discipline instilled in American students with that 
in his native Korea, which is the other extreme. "In 
the United States, fewer high school graduates 
pursue careers in basic sciences." Shin said. 
"Amehcan culture, somehow, seems to teach 
children to take the path of least resistance or 
least work. This idea of discipline and applying 
oneself has diminished." 

"It would be wonderful for more people to see that 
there's a need for this kind of activity." Shin said 
of his work with CVI. 'When I went to school we 
didn't know scientists could contribute in these 
areas. There has to be some way to make today's 
students aware of these alternative careers. Most 
people assume that a biology student can 
become a professor or research scientist, or join a 
company, but they are not aware that there are 
very large areas in public service for the United 
States government or international institutions. " 

For Shin, he goes where the science is the most 
interesting and where he can do the most 
public good. "I want to expend my energies in 
something that has a larger purpose than a 
single industrial organization, something that is 
public-sector onented. You begin to realize the 
need for this kind of activity and also to appreciate 
that one can contnbute significantly on an 
international scientific program. I am a product of 
the Wien program." ■ 

"Most people 
assume that a 
biology student can 
become a 
professor or 
research scientist, 
or join a company, 
but they are 
not aware that 
there are very large 
areas in public 
service for 
the United States 
or international 

39 Winter 1993 





Samuel K. Cohn, Jr. 

professor of liistory 

The Cult of Remembrance 
and the Bhick Death: Six 
Renaissance Cities in 
Central Italy 
The (ofins Hopkins 
University Press 

Historian Cohn uses close 
analysis of last wills to 
fashion a comparative 
history of six Italian city- 
states — Arezzo, Florence, 
Perugia, Assisi, Pisa and 
Siena — to show the rise of a 
new Renaissance cult of 
remembrance. In 1363 the 
Black Death devastated 
central Italy for the second 
time, causing a detectable 
shift in notions of afterlife 
and patterns of charitable 
giving. Throughout Tuscany 
and Umbria, patricians and 
peasants alike abandoned the 
practice of dividing their 
bequests into small sums, 
combining them mstead into 
last gifts to enhance their 
"fame and glory." They 
sought to leave a mark in 
much the way that modern 
donors adorn classrooms, 
hospitals or water fountains 
with plaques to memorialize 
themselves. By combining a 
serial analysis of testaments 
with the comparative 
method, this study draws a 
direct link between the 
experience of pestilence and 
cultural change. 

David G. Gil 

professor of social policy, 
The Heller School 

Unravelling Social Policy 
Schenkman Books, Inc. 

In this revised and expanded 
fifth edition, David Gil 
brings his book up to date 
with commentary on 

important issues in a decade 
challenged with critical 
decisions in the pohcy- 
making arenas. Gil examines 
social problems from a 
holistic, transdisciplinary 
perspective and provides a 
model and methodology that 
attempts a rational and 
systematic appraisal of social 
policies. His linkage of social 
policy with human biology 
and the history of mankind 
provides a framework and 
background of social policy. 

Erica Harth 

professor of humanities and 
women's studies and 
director. Center for the 

Cartesian Women: Versions 
and Subversions of Rational 
Discourse in the Old Regime 
Cornell University Press 

Throughout the history of 
Western discourse, women 
have left the mark of gender 
on their words. Drawing 
upon current theoretical 
work in such areas as gender 
studies, cultural history and 
literary criticism, Harth 
looks at how women in 17th- 
and 18th-century France 
who, confronting a 
historically specific form of 
the paradox in invisibility, 
attempted to overcome 
gender barriers and 
participate in the shaping of 
rational discourse. She shows 
how after the founding of the 
Academic des Sciences in 
1666, an institution that 
played a major role in the 
exclusion of women from the 
new learning, French 
women's writings betray a 

Erica Harth 

resistance to the use of 
dominant discourse and raise 
a serious challenge to it. 
Descartes's philosophy was 
the first in France to attract a 
wide lay public of educated 
men and women and it was 
instrumental in creating the 
complex of assumptions 
structuring modern rational 
discourse. Harth argues that 
in embarking on a critical 
dialogue with Descartes in 
the 1 7th century, learned 
women were in the process 
of creating an embryonic 
feminist alternative to 
Cartesian discourse. 

Ray Jackendoff 

professor of linguistics and 
National Center for Complex 

Languages of the Mind: 
Essays on Mental 
The MIT Press 

Chief among the author's 
contributions to the theory 
of mind and related theories 
of cognitive processing over 
the past two decades is a 
formal theory that elaborates 
the nature of language and its 
relationship to a broad set of 
other domains. Languages of 
the Mind is built on several 
themes: a reaffirmation of 
the value of studying the 
mind in terms of formal 
symbolic descriptions of 
information structures; the 
modularity of the mind and 
how it can be further 
articulated; the possibility of 
articulating a theory of the 
central levels of 
representation in the mind, 
in particular the level of 
conceptual structure; and 
finally, dealing with the 
consequences of this 
approach for the author's 
overall view of the mind and 
of human experience. 

Ethan B. Kapstein, ed. 

assistant professor of 
international relations 

Global Arms Production: 

Policv Dilemmas For the 


University Press of America 

Why do governments 
collaborate in the production 
of advanced weaponry? 
Under what conditions do 
such collaborative 
arrangements succeed? What 
are the implications of 
armaments collaboration for 
the international economic 
and security environments? 
What will happen in the 
coming years as new 
alliances and security 
arrangements emerge? These 
are questions that concern 
policymakers, industry 
executives and scholars 
alike, and that are likely to 
remain high on policy 
agendas as the arms trade 
receives renewed scrutiny. 

Robin Feuer Miller 

professor of Russian and 
comparative literature 

The Brothers Karamazov: 
Worlds of the Novel 
Twayne Publishers 

In lanuary 1879 readers of 
the conservative Russian 
Herald turned to the first 
installment of The Brothers 
Karamazov with excitement. 
Russian hterature has always 
been taken very seriously by 
its audience since hterature 
and literary criticism have 
served as primary vehicles 
for pohtical, economic and 
social discourse during the 

40 Brandeis Review 

Karaiiiazov ^M 

Ih.' N<».'l ^ 

Kuhin K'lirr tlilirr ^H 


intermittently repressive 
regimes of the Russian czars. 
Miller alerts the reader to the 
internal rhymes and 
resonances of Dostoevsky's 
complex masterpiece and 
illuminates the philosophical 
and narrative riddles the 
novelist continually 
presents. Among the many 
issues studied are guilt, 
parent-child relationships 
and such narrative 
techniques as parody and 
comic foreshadowing of 
serious themes. 

Jonathan D. Sarna '75, 
M.A. '75 

Joseph H. and Belle R. Braun 
Professor of American Jewish 
History and Henry D. 
Shapiro, eds. 

Ethnic Diversity and Civic 
Identity: Patterns of Conflict 
and Cohesion in Cincinnati 
since 1820 
University of Illinois Press 

"Ethnicity" in the United 
States defines persons in 
terms of who they were (or 
who their parents were), 
while "residence" defines 
them in terms of who they 
are. Ethnic identifications 
and civic identifications may 
be in conflict, moreover, 
creating situations of 
"divided loyalty" to the 
disparate cultures, traditions 
and histories of people and 
place. How Americans have 
negotiated this dilemma is 
the issue this book explores, 
through a series of essays 
examining aspects of 
Cincinnati's experience as an 
ethnically diverse 
community. Cincinnati does 
not define itself as an 
ethnically diverse 
community, despite the 
city's attractiveness to 

immigrants throughout the 
19th and 20th centuries and 
the presence of identifiable 
ethnic groups. The concerns 
of this book are the ways in 
which Americans have dealt 
with ethnic diversity and 
negotiated their own 
identities as members of a 
variety of communities. 

James A. Storer, ed. 

associate professor of 
computer science and 
National Center for Complex 

Image and Text 


Kluwer Academic Publishers 

Data compression is the 
process of encoding a body of 
data to reduce storage 
requirements and to also 
increase the bandwidth of a 
digital communication link. 
With lossless compression, 
data can be decompressed to 
be identical to the original, 
whereas with lossy 
compression, decompressed 
data may be an acceptable 
approximation to the 
original. Although complete 
compression systems often 
employ both lossless and 
lossy methods, the 
techniques used are typically 
quite different. The first part 
of this book addresses lossy 
image compression and the 
second part lossless text 
compression. The third part 
addresses techniques from 
coding theory, which are 
applicable to both lossless 
and lossy compression. 

David S. Ariel, M.A. '81 

Ariel is president of the 
Cleveland College of Jewish 

The Mystic Quest: An 
Introduction to fewish 
Schocken Books 

In the last two centuries Jews 
have often discounted the 
presence of a persistent 
mystical tradition in their 
midst. The author introduces 
the reader to the breadth and 
depth of Jewish mysticism 
especially in the 
development and meaning of 
the Kabbalah. Ariel traces 
the history of the Kabbalah 
and tracks its decline that 
began in the late 1 8th 
century when Jews were 
finally admitted into 
mainstream society. He 
declares that the loss of 
mystical tradition has 
alienated Jews who seek a 
more mystically fulfilling 
religious experience. 

Frank S. Bioch '66, 
MA '77, Ph.D. '78 

Bloch IS professor of law and 
director of clinical education 
at Vanderbilt University's 
School of Law. 

Disability Determination: 
The Administrative Process 
and the Role of Medical 
Greenwood Press 

Politicians and policymakers 
agree that the disabled are 
worthy and appropriate 
beneficiaries of legislative 
action, but the result is 
widely scattered legislation 
that reflects unfocused 
policy. Laws range from 
those protecting the disabled 
from employment 
discrimination to those 

authorizing cash benefits to 
persons unable to work. The 
purpose of this book is to 
examine the important 
disability determination 
process and to suggest a more 
appropriate role for medical 
personnel in that process. 

Arthur L. Capian '71, ed. 

Caplan is the director of the 
Center for Biomedical Ethics 
at the University of 

When Medicine Went Mad: 
Bioethics and the Holocaust 
The Humana Press, Inc. 

Soon after a half-day 
conference on the 
implications of the 
Holocaust for bioethics in 
1976, scholars who were 
present made it clear that 
medicine and science had 
played crucial roles both in 
the fostering of Nazi ideology 
and in implementing the 
Final Solution. Ten years 
later Caplan organized a 
three-day conference at the 
University of Minnesota to 
examine the meaning of the 
Holocaust for bioethics. The 
articles collected in this 
volume represent the results 
of that meeting. The book 
opens with personal 
testimonies of survivors of 
Nazi experiments in 
concentration camps made 
without their consent or 
prior knowledge. Some of the 
questions raised as 
bioethicists grapple with the 
possible use of the 
resulting data in modem 
medicine are: How can 
medical scientists so lose 
perspective as to experiment 
on fellow humans- Are we 
morally free to use data 
gained at such a catastrophic 

41 Winter 1993 

price? Are there analogies in 
euthanasia and abortion 
to the use of data from such 
unethical experiments? 

Merrill Joan Gerber, 
M.A. '81 

Gerber, the author of three 
story collections, eight young 
adult novels and four other 
novels, lives in Sierra Madre, 

The Kingdom of Brooklyn 
Longstreet Press, Inc. 

As the novel opens, 
precocious three-year-old Issa 
struggles to comprehend the 
family she has been born 
into; her meek, henpecked 
father; her increasingly frail 
grandmother; her maternal 
aunt Gilda; and — at the 
center of it all — her neurotic 
mother, Ruth. Why does her 
mother discourage Issa from 
having any friends? Why 
does her mother want to 
make Issa so terrified of the 
prospect of going to school? 
Issa's reflections from age 
three to 14 include 
exhilarating moments — 
unheard-of pleasures like 
playing games with other 
children, whizzing through 
the kingdom of Brooklyn on 
her own bicycle, discovering 
a boyfriend. For the most 
part, as her story moves 
toward its climax, this 
sensitive and endearing 
narrator can only bear 
witness to the bewildering 
interplay of her fragile, 
foundering family. 

Laura Hapke '67 

Hapke is professor of English 
at Pace University, New 
York City. 

Tales of the Working Girl 

Wage-Earning Women in 

American Literature. 1890- 


Twayne Publishers 

The last decade of the 19th 
century witnessed a massive 
feminine entry into an 
industrial workplace whose 
need for cheap labor had 
increased steadily since the 
Civil War. For the next 35 
years, until their relative 
acceptance after World War I, 
"working girls," rarely 
dignified by the term 
"working women," were the 
subjects of a heated cultural 
debate. Liberal reformers 
decried the "slavery" of the 
sweatshop, factory, 
department store and 
domestic service jobs held by 
most female workers. 
Traditionalists held that all 
work outside the domestic 
sphere was unwomanly. By 
joining this debate, fiction 
helped shape it. Authors 
such as Stephen Crane, Edith 
Wharton, O. Henry, 
Theodore Drieser, Anzia 
Yezierska, Jacob Riis, among 
others, all wove the working 
girl controversy into their 
narratives. How they and 
their contemporaries dealt 
with the new mass 
phenomenon — documenting, 
indicting, glorifying and 
transforming their heroines 
and antiheroines — is the 
subject of this book. 

Deborah Kaplan '79 

Kaplan is associate professor 
of English at George Mason 

Jane Austen among Women 
The Johns Hopkins 
University Press 



explicitly critical of the 
dominant patriarchal version 
of the female self and her 
domestic duties. 

Suzanne Klingenstein, 
M.A. '83 

Klingenstein is lecturer in 
English and American 
iterature at Harvard 

lews in the American 
^ Academy. 1900-1940: The 
*1 Dynamics of Intellectual 
_• Assimilation 

D ri L E S SET1- Yale University Press 

In an age when genteel 
women wrote little more 
than personal letters, how 
did Jane Austen manage to 
become a novelist? Was she 
an isolated genius who rose 
to fame through sheer talent? 
Kaplan contends that Austen 
participated actively in a 
women's culture that 
promoted female authority 
and achievement. The 
novelist belonged to a 
provincial community that 
included men as well as 
women, but she also 
participated in another 
distinct set of relationships 
composed of women 
exclusively. Because the 
female affiliations were 
situated within the larger 
social group, their 
experiences frequently 
overlapped. They subscribed 
to the larger, mixed 
community's patriarchal 
conception of the female but 
they also produced 
among themselves an 
alternative vision of an 
independent, self-assertive 
female, implicitly and 

By tracing the experiences of 
the first Jewish professors of 
humanities in American 
universities, the author sheds 
light on two important 
subjects; how the philosophy 
and literature departments of 
Ivy League colleges in the 
early 20th century gradually 
opened their doors to Jewish 
men of letters, and how this 
integration transformed the 
thinking of these Jewish 
professors, many of whom 
had been brought up in 
orthodox homes. The 
professors range from Leo 
Winer, who was hired in 
1896 by Harvard University 
as a polyglot, to Lionel 
Trilling, who won a hard- 
fought battle to become the 
first Jewish professor of 
English and American 
hterature at Columbia 
University. Klingenstein 
examines the difficulties 
they experienced when they 
exchanged the world of the 
Torah for that of philosophy 
and literature and shows that 
it was not until the 
generation that followed 
were Jewish professors fully 
integrated — professionally 
and psychologically— into 
the academic establishment. 

42 Brandeis Revii 

ir.i' Devil 

Faculty Notes 

Don Lessem '73 

Lessem has written on 
dinosaurs for Smithsonian. 
Discover, Omni, The New 
York Times and the Boston 
Globe, as well as served as 
consultant, writer and 
on-air host to programs on 
dinosaurs broadcast 
on the acclaimed "Nova" 
series. Lessem is also the 
founder of the Dinosaur 
Society, a nonprofit 
organization that benefits 
science and education. 

Kings of Creation 
Simon &. Schuster 

In Kings of Creation. Don 
Lessem introduces us to a 
new generation of scientists 
whose finds are 
revolutionizing the way we 
look at dinosaurs. Half of all 
known dinosaur species have 
been identified in the past 20 
years, and now a new 
dinosaur is being discovered 
every seven weeks. Among 
the finds are the largest 
dinosaurs ever to walk the 
earth, the skull of the earliest 
known dmosaur and 
dinosaur eggs, which X rays 
reveal contain tiny intact 
embryos. This book provides 
an account of dinosaur life 
and is a portrait of scientists 
who are reconstructing the 
world of dinosaurs. 

Charles Stewart '78 

Stewart is lecturer on 
modern Greek, The George 
Seferis Chair of Modern 
Greek Studies, Harvard 

Demons and the Devil: 
Moral Imagination in 
Modern Greek Culture 
Princeton University Press 

In present-day Greece many 
people still speak of 
exotikd — mermaids, dog- 
form creatures and other 
monstrous beings. 
Challenging the 
conventional notion that 
these often malevolent 
demons belong exclusively 
to a realm of folklore or 
superstition separate from 
Christianity, the author 
looks at beliefs about the 
exotikd and the Orthodox 
Devil to demonstrate the 
interdependency of doctrinal 
and local religion. Greek 
demons cluster in marginal 
locations — outlying streams, 
wells and caves. The demons 
are near enough to the 
community, however, to 
attack humans — causing 
illness or death. Drawing on 
sources from the author's 
fieldwork on the Cycladic 
island of Naxos to Orthodox 
liturgical texts, this book 
pictures the exotika as 
elements of a Greek 
cognitive map: figures that 
enable individuals to 
navigate the traumas and 
ambiguities of life. The 
author also examines the 
social forces that have by 
turns disposed the Greek 
people to embrace these 
demons as indicative of links 
with the classical past or to 
eschew them as signs of 
backwardness and ignorance. 

Teresa M. Amabile 

professor of psychology, is a 
visiting research scholar at 
the Harvard Business School 
during her sabbatical year — 

Joyce Antler 

associate professor of 
American studies, received a 
grant from the Littauer 
Foundation in support of her 
book on the history of 20th- 
century American Jewish 
women and was appointed 
Loewenstein-Weiner Fellow 
in American Jewish Studies 
at the American Jewish 
Archives, Cincinnati. Her 
book. The Challenge of 
Feminist Biography: Writing 
the Lives of Modern 
American Women, was 
published in the fall. 

Lynette M.F. Bosch 

assistant professor of fine 
arts, presented a paper, "Don 
Inigo Lopez Y mendoza y el 
estilo Hispano-Flamenco en 
Castilla: Herencia Social y 
Politica de Isabel la 
Catolica," at the meeting of 
the Fundacion del Duque y 
la Duquesa de Soria, Soria, 
Spain. She also wrote the 
catalogs for the Northern 
Renaissance Master Prints 
exhibition and for the Islands 
in the Stream: Seven Cuban 
American Artists exhibition 
of paintings, sculpture and 
drawings, held at SUNY 
College, Cortland. 

Marc Brettler 

associate professor of Near 
Eastern and Judaic Studies, 
lectured on "Politics in 
Judges, Samuel and Kings" at 
the Cornell University 
Conference on Politics in the 
Bible. He taught a course, 
Biblical Israel and Its Roots, 
at the Skidmore 
College Judaic Studies 
Summer Institute. 

James Callahan 

lecturer and human sei-vices 
research professor and 
director, Supportive Services 

Program for Older Persons, 
has been named to the board 
of directors of the National 
Academy on Aging. The 
academy is an organization 
funded by the 
Administration on Aging. 
The intent is to put the 
problem of aging on the 
national agenda. 

Eric Chasalow 

assistant professor of 
composition, attended the 
Stockholm Electronic Music 
Festival and the International 
Computer Music 
Conference, San Jose, where 
his piece "This Way Out" 
was performed at both 
events. This piece, the first 
produced in the new 
Brandeis Electro-Acoustic 
Music Studio (BEAMS) was 
the U.S. representative on a 
CD with pieces from five 
other composers. 

Jacques Cohen 

Zayre/Feldberg Professor of 
Computer Science and 
National Center for Complex 
Systems, chaired an 
international workshop on 
memory management in St. 
Malo, France. He was the 
coeditor of the proceedings of 
the workshop that have been 
published in Lecture Notes 
on Computer Science. 

Peter Conrad 

professor of sociology, 
published "Epilepsy in 
Indonesia: Notes from 
Development" in Central 
Issues in Anthropology. An 
expanded edition of his 
award-winning book. 
Deviance and 
Medicalization: From 
Badness to Sickness, 
coauthored with Joseph W. 
Schneider, was published. 

Louise Costigan 

artist-in-residence in theater 
arts, was chosen to be 
included in the new 
international edition of 
"Who's Who in Music." She 
also judged the National 
Opera Association's Opera 
Production Competition. 

43 Winter 1993 

Stanley Deser 

Enid and Nathan Ancell 
Professor of Physics, 
delivered invited lectures at 
Gothenburg University, 
Sweden; Niels Bohr Institute, 
Copenhagen; and European 
Center for Nuclear Research, 
Geneva, and was 
invited foreign speaker, 
3rd Maritime Universities 
Conference, Moncton, 
New Brunswick. He is also 
a member of the 
organizing committee for 
PASCOS 92, International 
Conference on Particle 
Physics and Cosmology. 

Sandra Dackow 

artist-in-residence in music, 
led workshops for music 
teachers and students 
throughout eastern Australia 
and guest conducted the 
Australia East Coast Wind 
Orchestra during the 
Australia National Band and 
Orchestra Conference, at 
which she also delivered the 
keynote address. 

Gerald D. Fasman 

Louis and Bessie Rosenfield 
Professor of Biochemistry, 
delivered the following 
lectures; "Three Decades of 
DNA: The Career of Julius 
Marmur" at the Albert 
Einstein Medical School; 
"The 25th Jerusalem 
Symposium on Membrane 
Proteins, Structures, 
Interactions and Models" at 
the Israel Academy of 
Sciences and Humanities, 
Jerusalem; and "Modem 
Enzymology: Problems and 
Trends" at the Russian 
Academy of Sciences, St. 
Petersburg, Russia. He also 
delivered a lecture on 
determining transmembrane 
helices at the Department of 
Chemistry, Polytechnic 
University of New York; the 
Department of Chemistry, 
Princeton University; The 
British Oxygen Corporation, 
Murray Hill, New Jersey; 
and Biophysics Program, 
Cornell University. 

Margot Fassler 

associate professor of music, 
was an invited speaker at the 
session, "Teaching Medieval 
Music," sponsored by the 
College Music Association 
and the American 
Musicological Society at the 
society's national meeting. 
She also addressed the 
National Meeting of German 
Musicologists in Erlangen, 
Germany, on the subject of 
her forthcoming book on 
Gothic songs. 

Dian Fox 

associate professor of Spanish 
and comparative literature, 
was invited to join the 
editorial board of the Bulletin 
of the Comediantes, a journal 
on 16th- and 17th-century 
Spanish theater. 

Martin Gibbs 

Abraham S. and Gertrude 
Burg Professor in Life 
Sciences, was presented an 
Honorary Life Membership 
by the Canadian Society of 
Plant Physiologists. Also, 
the American Society of 
Plant Physiologists presented 
him the Adolph E. Gude, Jr. 
Award, a triennial monetary 
award made in recognition of 
outstanding service to the 
science of plant physiology. 

Ruth Goilan 

adjunct associate professor 
of Near Eastern and 
Judaic Studies and director, 
Hebrew and Oriental 
Language Programs, was 
awarded a grant by the 
National Endowment for the 
Humanities to conduct 
a summer institute 
for teachers of Hebrew at 
the secondary and 
post-secondary levels. 

Karen V. Hansen 

assistant professor of 
sociology, received two 
grants, one from the 
American Philosophical 
Society and the other from 
the American Sociological 
Science Foundation Small 
Grants Program. The grants 
support her latest project. 

"Private Lives or Social 
Lives? An Analysis of the 
Social Bonds of Working 
Men and Women in 
Antebellum New England." 

Judith Herzfeid 

professor of biophysical 
chemistry, organized a 
symposium on spectroscopy 
for the 1 Ith International 
Congress on Photobiology, 
Kyoto. She also lectured at 
the 15th International 
Conference on Magnetic 
Resonance in Biological 
Systems, Jerusalem. 

Ray Jackendoff 

professor of linguistics and 
National Center for Complex 
Systems, lectured on "Is 
There a Faculty of Social 
Cognition?" at the 
University of Pennsylvania 
and McGill University; "The 
Nature of Reality" at 
Washington and Lee 
University; and "The 
Boundaries of the Lexicon" 
at the University of Koln, the 
Max Planck Institute for 
Psycholinguistics and the 
Tilburg Conference on 
Idioms, Holland. 

Hilda Kahne 

visiting professor in The 
Heller School's Center for 
Family and Children's 
Policy, and 
Janet Z. Giele 
professor. The Heller School, 
had their book. Women's 
Work and Women 's Lives: 
The Continuing Struggle 
Worldwide, published. 

Edward K. Kaplan 

professor of French and 
comparative literature, 
received a grant from the 
Lucius N. Littauer 
Foundation for research 
related to his biography of 
Abraham Joshua Heschel, 
and while on sabbatical in 
Israel and Paris was 
interviewed on French radio 
about the book. His 
translation of Charles 
Baudelaire's prose poems. 

The Parisian Prowler, was 
named by Choice magazine 
as one of the outstanding 
academic books of 1992. 

Karen Klein 

associate professor of 
English, exhibited her artist's 
books in a three-person 
show in Somerville, 
Massachusetts, and in an 
invitational group show, 
"The Book Is Art," in 
Easthampton, Long Island. 
She gave an invited 
lecture on "Strategies of 
Access for Kinesthetic and 
Visual Intelligences in 
the Writing Process" to the 
faculty of Landmark 
College, Putney, Vermont. 

Richard Lansing 

professor of Italian and 
comparative literature, 
delivered a talk, "Dante's 
Intended Audience in the 
Convivio," at a conference 
on the topic of "Dante's 
Intended Audiences" 
sponsored by the Dante 
Society of America at 
Harvard University. He also 
delivered a paper, 
"Ariosto's Orlando furioso 
and the Irony of 
Paradox," at the Modem 
Language Association's 
Annual Convention. 

Avigdor Levy 

associate professor of Near 
Eastern and Judaic Studies, 
coordinated an international 
conference, Jews and Turks, 
Five Hundred Years of 
Shared History, in Istanbul. 
Levy read a paper, "The 
Evolution of the Chief 
Rabbinate in the Ottoman 
Empire," at the conference. 

Mary Lowry 

artist-in-residence in voice, 
demonstrated the extended 
vocal techniques of the 
French-based Roy Hart 
Theatre at the National 
Conference of the 
Association for Theatre in 
Higher Education. 

Alan L. Mintz 

Joseph H. and Belle R. Braun 
Professor of Modem Hebrew 
Literature, was appointed to 

44 Brandeis Review 

the newly endowed Joseph 
H. and Belle R. Braun Chair 
in Modem Hebrew 
Literature. He delivered a 
lecture on "The Future 
of Hebrew in America" 
at the formal acceptance of 
his appointment. 

Alfred Nisonoff 

professor of biology and 
Rosenstiel Basic Medical 
Sciences Research Center, 
has received a one-year, 
$91,000 grant from the 
American Cancer Society to 
continue his work on 
"Mechanisms of Tolerance 
and Autoimmunity to an 
Endogenous Protein." 

Thomas Pochapsky 

assistant professor of 
chemistry, was awarded a 
five-year National Science 
Foundation Young 
Investigators grant to support 
his research on the structure 
and dynamics of proteins. He 
was one of 14 chemists 
chosen from 102 applicants 
for this prestigious and 
competitive award. 

Benjamin Ravid 

Jennie and Mayer Weisman 
Professor of lewish History, 
was an invited participant on 
a panel on the history of the 
Jews in early modem Europe 
at the 39th Historikertag 
held in Hannover, Germany, 

Shulamit Reinharz 

professor of sociology and 
director. Women's Studies 
Program, delivered an invited 
talk at the annual meeting of 
The Society for 
Phenomenology and the 
Human Sciences. She also 
organized two sessions at the 
annual meeting of the 
American Sociological 
Association. Her chapter, 
"Principles of Feminist 
Research, " appeared in 
Knowledge Explosion: 
Generations of Feminist 
Scholarship, and her entry on 
sexism for the World Book 
Encyclopedia was written 
with Linda Mills, Pew fellow 
at The Heller School. 

Nicholas Rodis 

professor of physical 
education, attended the 
executive committee 
meeting of the International 
University Sports Federation 
as a representative of the 
United States Collegiate 
Sports Council. 

Jerry Samet 

associate professor of 
philosophy, published 
"Autism and the Theory of 
Mmd: Some Philosophical 
Perspectives" in 
Understanding Other Minds: 
Perspectives from Autism. 

Benigno Sanchez-Eppler 

assistant professor of Latin 
American Studies, was 
named Manheimer Term 
Assistant Professor for the 
three-year period of 
1992-95. This appellation is 
designated for a 
junior faculty member 
with a strong teaching record 
in humanities. 

James H. Schultz 

Ida and Meyer Kirstein 
Professor for Planning and 
Administration of Agmg 
Policy, The Heller School, 
was appointed to the 
Congressional Study Group 
on Women and 
Retirement. He also recently 
organized and chaired a 
workshop. Economic 
Aspects of Aging, at the 
International Conference on 
Population Aging. 

Silvan S. Schweber 

professor of physics and 
Richard Koret Professor in 
the History of Ideas, was 
elected president-elect of the 
History of Physics division of 
the American Physical 
Society. He delivered a 
lecture on the historical 
context of the rise of the 
standard model at the 
Stanford Linear Accelerator 
Conference on the history of 
particle physics; presented a 
paper on the present crisis in 
physics, at the Van Leer 
Institute, Jemsalem,- and 
attended a workshop in 
Bellagio, Italy, where he 
contributed a paper. 

"Philanthropies, the 
Government and 
the Transformation of the 
Sciences in the U.S." 

Neil Simister 

assistant professor of 
molecular immunology and 
Rosenstiel Basic Medical 
Sciences Research Center, 
was an invited 
speaker at the Eighth 
International Congress of 
Immunology, Budapest. He 
spoke on "Cloning cDNA 
Encoding a Putative 
Intestinal Fc Receptor from 
Neonatal Mice." 

Dessima Williams 

Jacob Ziskind Visiting 
Assistant Professor of 
Sociology, presented a paper, 
"From Conquest, Liberal 
Dictatorship and 
Interdependence — Who 
Determines the 'Next' World 
Order?" at a plenary session 
of the First International 
Minoan Celebration of 
Partnership, for which she 
served as coconvenor. She 
was also the keynote 
presenter for the College of 
New Paltz Women's Studies 
Conference on Woman 
and Power, where she 
delivered "Women in the 
World: Power, Partnership 
and Politics." 

Leslie Zebrowitz 

Manuel Yellen Professor of 
Social Relations, served on 
the National Science 
Foundation Young 
Investigators selection panel 
for the past two years 
and will serve a two-year 
term on the National 
Institute of Mental Health 
Emotion and Personality 
Grants Review Committee. 

Harry Zohn 

professor of German, 
lectured on Karl Kraus at 
Boston University and on 
Friderike Maria Zweig at the 
American Association for 
Teachers of German/ 

American Council Teachers 
of Foreign Languages 
conference. He presented a 
feature on Richard Beer- 
Hofmann in Cross Currents: 
A Yearbook of Central 
European Culture and 
contributed articles on Stefan 
Zweig and Karl Kraus to the 
Dictionary of Literary 
Biography, on Heinrich 
Heine to Magill's Survey of 
World Literature and 
on Franz Werfel to a volume 
of essays edited by Strelka 
and Weigel. 


Carolyn M. Gray 

associate director of reader 
services and library 
development officer, was 
elected to a three-year term 
to the New England Library 
Network board of directors 
and was awarded a Ph.D. 
from The Heller School. 

Aaron L. Katchen 

director of the Weizmann 
Archive Project, special 
collections department of the 
Library, has contributed an 
essay, "The Covenantal Salt 
of Friendship" on the 
exegesis of Lev. 2:13, to a 
volume of biblical studies 
soon to be published in 
memory of Frank E. Talmage 
'60. The eulogy he delivered 
at Talmage's funeral will also 
be included m the volume. 

Ann C. Schaffner 

assistant director, 
Gerstenzang Science Library, 
coauthored a paper, 
"Automated Collection 
Analysis: The Boston Library 
Consortium Experience," for 
volume 3 of Advances in 
Library Resource Sharing. 

Sue Woodson-Marks 

reference assistant. Main 
Library, delivered a 
lecture, "Ethnographic 
Techniques in Assessing 
Users' Information 
Needs," at the third National 
Conference of the 
Library and Information 
Technology Association. 

45 Winter 1993 


A Few Words of 

Being a determinist of sorts, 
it is my belief that I never 
could have entered upon a 
career in advertising without 
the influence, either positive 
or negative, of a parade of 
people who, as I grew from 
innocent childhood to 
bewildered adulthood, helped 
tilt my brain towards the 
bittersweet occupation of 
creative conceptualizing, or, 
as some would have it, 
promo and hype. For then- 
profound, if scarring impact 
of my choice of a vocational 
path, these individuals I 
publicly and solemnly thank. 

I thank my mother, who, 
early on, cautioned me 
against venturing into the 
"night air" of winter, where 

bronchitis and ear infections 
were known to lurk. Better 
to stay in and do my 
homework so I could get into 
medical school. After years 
of this, I was sufficiently 
afraid of germs to flee across 
the street when I even came 
near a medical school. 
Eventually, I found refuge on 
the sunny sidewalks of 
Madison Avenue, where 
bronchitis and ear 
infections disappear, poof, 
in 30 seconds. 

I thank my father, who put 
me to work in a delicatessen 
as a teenage salami slinger. 
From him I not only learned 

Paul Silverman is the chief 
creative officer at Mullen 
Advertising, a New England 
agency that regularly wins 
major national and 
international awards for its 
conceptual and creative 
work. He attended Brandeis 
in the mid-1960s, earned an 
M.A. in the history of 
ideas and embarked on a 
writing career. 

While working as a 
newspaper reporter and 
trade magazine editor he 
published short stories 
and poems in numerous 
literary magazines. In the 

1970s he teamed up with 
advertising entrepreneur fim 
Mullen and began writing 
commercially on a full-time 
basis. The agency grew into 
a 135-person shop that 
now occupies bucolic lands 
and a princely manor house 
north of Boston. The Wall 
Street Journal recently 
honored Silverman in a 
full-page biographical ad, 
part of a series on the 
top creative leaders 
of American advertising. 



Silverman standing by the 
50-acre estate built in 
the 1920s in Manchester-by- 
the-Sea, Mass.. which 
Mullen Advertising uses as 
its office 

Silverman in the 

September 10, 1992 full-page 

biographical ad in 

the Wall Street Journal, part 

of a series on the top 

creative leaders of American 


46 Brandeis Review 


All of Paul. 

Paul Stiverman. Chief creative officer and creative director of Mullen Advertising, the creative shop that s been 

doing some of the best work to come out of Boston in years. IXvice chosen by a major trade publication as Creative Director of the Year 

in the Northeast, this self-effacing former journalist shared his views and opinions in a recent conversation. 

On beginnings: 

I'm a Bostonian. My father had a deli in the middle of Bo-,ton-the 
Roxbury neighborhood. Growing up in Roxbiiry I worked m the 
deli. I've hved in New York and m the Boston suburbs but m 
my heart, I'm still from Roxbury. I went to the Umversitv of 
Massachusetts, then Boston University, and fmallv Brandos 
Br andeis? An incredib l y tou gh school; a b rainy s chool with a lot of 
talented g rinds. M y ma j or was the Hist ory of Ideas-an appropriate 
beg innin g f or a care er i n advertisin g. 
On earning dollars with words: 

After Brandeis, I went back to Boston, worked in restaur 
waiter I wanted to be an artistic writer, so I wrote poetry 
short stories. But I also wanted to make a living as a 
writer, so I worked as a reporter for two Massachu 
setts newspapers-the Beverly Times and, later, the 
Quincy Patriot-Ledger. I covered the planning 
commission, the police blotter, the sewer com- 
mittee, the selectmen, all the beats they could toss 
at a young reporter. After a few years, I moved to 
New York where I worked for Chain Store Age and 
Discount Store News. I'd go out to K-Mart with a 
camera, take the pictures and do the story. A 
valuable experience. I learned how businesspeoplt 
think-and how to deal with something that's not 
all that fascinating on the surface. 
On dropping out, dropping in: 
After two years, I came back to Boston where I 
dropped out, hung out, wrote short stories for 
literary magazines and freelanced for Lebhar- 
Friedman. A space salesman for the company put 
me in touch with a one-man agency in Marble- 
head. That's how 1 met Jim Mullen, a former 
charter-boat skipper from the Caribbean. Jim's a 
world-class sailor, while I'm a rubber-ducky kind 
of guy, okay with rowboats, not sailboats. But we 
hit it off in a certain way and that was the start of 

On amateur days-and nights: 
Neither Jim nor I have ever worked for another 
agency. And we never had any training for the 
business. So we've always been enthusiastic 
amateurs-better that than bored professionals. 
Wfe didn't know how people at Esty or HUl HoUiday 
operated. So we did things the way we thought they 
should be done, in our amateurish way. There might 
have been a lack of knowledge but never of energy, so 
things were done, even when it meant workmg all 
night, all weekend. 
On the office environment: 

We're located in a former convent, on 50 acres of New 
England landscape, 30 miles north of Boston. It's a 
beautiful natural setting; nothing but grass and trees as 
far as you can see-it could be a bed and breakfast place or 
a retreat for philosophers and poets. For an advertising 
agency, it's a wonderful place to work. Location has alwa\'s 
been a signal difference between Mullen and other shops 
When the agency was in Marblebead, some joker said it 
should have been called Jimmy's Harborside. Humor asidr 
logic tells you a calm, comfortable place to work is helpful 
I think our environment inspires good work. 
On hiring people: 

By any standards, we're unconventional. Unconventional 
locations. Unconventional people. Unconventional 
backgrounds. So we tend to hire unconventionally 
Resumes mean- little. Wfe're looking for something in 

I k something in the interview. We like people with experience 

ide advertismg people with street sense. I beUeve that's one of 

the theater, casting is critical to the success of a 

production In this busmess, hiring is casting. 

On point of lieu 

When MuUen does it nght. you'll see advertising that's a little bit 

than the smart stuff How do you reach that goal? It starts 
with a point of view In most agencies, what's done is based on last 
s Hatch awards or by what's hot on Madison Avenue. And the 
tiL itic n ( >r 1 lot of stuff is, "That's how they did it last year at 
BKU( ) Kan t say that-I've never worked at BBDO. So 
s a good deal of humility. If my secretary tells 
le I ve written an ad that doesn't work, my 
response is "Okay okay, I'U do it again." As an 
agency, our job definition is to help the client 
succeed, to sell what needs to be sold. We don't 
let our pnde or our experience or our ego get 
in the way of domgthat job. 
On positioning the agency: 
Mullen isn't-never has been-"a New England 
agency." The world has shrunk so much, and 
communications have improved so drama- 
tically that geography shouldn't be the way an 
agency defmes itself. So the choice is yours. 
Just to name a few of the options, you can be a 
nuts and-bolts agency, you can be a quality 
agency, you can be a highly creative agency. 
None of these positions have anything to do with 
geography. Look at what's happened in this 
business over the past ten years or so. You don't 
hear much talk about "New York agencies" or 
C hicago agencies." The new positioning is on 
the basis of what you can do, not where you are. 
On technology and creativity: 
Increasmgly, our art department is a blend of 
manual skills and electronic capabilities. There's 
10 fighting this trend. You can't be a dinosaur. 
Computers have compressed time frames, 
increasing the speed by which you can explore 
itions, decreasing costs for the client. That 
said, computers won't make anyone more creative, 
they can make creative people more productive. 
On media: 

Advertisers misunderstand the nature of media. You 
don't-or shouldn't-buy a magazine or a newspaper. What 
you buy are readers. A well-thought-out media investment 
is as important as the creative. Without it? WfeU, it's Uke 
composing a beautiful symphony, which is then performed 
by the Boston Symphony Orchestra in an empty concert 
hall. Without an audience, all the beauty means little. 
On The Wall Street Journal: 

As a reader. The Journal has been my favorite for years. It 
comes into my home every morning, where my wife and I 
read it avidly The writing is crisp and clean. The thinking is 
inteUigent and insightful. As a business person, I look at it 
as the road map for American business. So if you're involved 
in business, it's not just great reading, it's vital reading. How 
can you understand your client unless you understand the 
world of business? As a writer. The Journal gives you every- 
thing you want: content that compels attention, terrific 
reproduction, and the biggest, brightest, most successful 
audience imaginable. Mullen is an advertising agency 
unlike any other on the face of the earth. Likewise, The 
Journal is a publication unlike any other you've seen. No 
wonder some of our best work has appeared in The Journal! 

The Wall Street Journal. 
It works. 

Brandeis FOBs 

how to pile three ounces of 
brisket so it looked like six, 
but how to create lyrical 
promotional exaggerations 
on my feet, in front of the 
customer. "This isn't potato 
salad, it's ice cream." 

I thank my ninth grade math 
teacher, Mr. Sheehy, for the 
day he screamed at a class 
member for conceahng a tiny 
crib sheet in a cheese 
sandwich. In doing so, he 
proved that people will react 
powerfully to small messages 
placed strategically in offbeat 
media. I also thank Mr. 
Sheehy's colleagues, the 
Latin teachers who exercised 
my mind with endless 
grammatical pushups. Hie. 
haec, hoc. After this 
boredom, the words 
"rich,""pure" and "creamy" 
would seem interesting 
beyond behef. 

I thank Stanley, the 
Neanderthal foreman in the 
olive-packing factory where I 
was enslaved for one 
summer between college 
semesters. As Stanley snarled 
at me to go faster, I would 
wrestle a big mama of an 
olive barrel up an incline to a 
platform. Upon reaching the 
platform, I would strain 
against the bulging staves 
until the barrel finally 
tipped, vomiting a swarm of 
greasy, green pimento-oozing 
orbs into a slide that 
plummeted to a conveyor 
belt down on the main 
floor. There, hordes of fellow 
chattels pawed the oily 
pellets and stuffed them 
into jars. 

One month of going home 
each day reeking like an 
antipasto, I was ready for any 
career that might give me 
something lighter than an 
olive barrel to push. When I 
think of Stanley, I know why 
my pick and shovel is a 
ballpoint pen. 

I thank my professors in the 
history of ideas department 
at Brandeis University, 
whose obsessive love of the 
footnote was undoubtedly a 
harbinger of my future 
involvement with shoe 
accounts. Ibid. Op cit. Viz. 
In the same breath, I thank 
the lady in my mother's 
mah-jongg club who gave me 
three pairs of underwear 
upon my emergence from 
Brandeis with a master's in 
the history of ideas. This 
taught me the value the 
average person places on an 
academic or overly 
philosophical career, and 
encouraged me to drop all 
thoughts I had of occupying 
an esteemed chair that did 
not come from Roche Bobois. 

I thank the publishers of the 
discount store trade 
magazine for whom I toiled 
briefly as a reporter. They 
would dispatch me across 
the continent to cover such 
momentous events as K- 
Mart's adding an endcap 
display of Rubbermaid sink 
stoppers in Doldrum, Idaho. 
Through the repetition of 
this task, I acquired the 
bonsai mentality that 
enabled me to extract copy 
points of deep importance 
from seemingly shallow 
material. This skill has saved 
me every time I have been 
called upon to find the 

Unique Selling Proposition 
in ABC brand of paper clips 
or XYZ Styrofoam cups. 

I thank, finally and 
especially, all the editors of 
literary magazines who, 
having deemed my short 
stories unworthy of 
publication, gleefully paper- 
clipped them with sadistic 
rejection slips and returned 
them in stamped self- 
addressed manila envelopes 
masochistically provided by 
me. Time would prove that 
these keepers of the pseudo- 
artistic gate, in fact, did me a 
noble service. By slamming 
the gate in my face so 
often, and so cruelly, they 
flattened my nose 
(figuratively) before I ever 
received a single haymaker 
from a client. To this day, 
even the worst client 
rejections are duck soup 
compared to the pious put- 
downs of small-time editors. 

But, having attained a big 
cheese position in 
advertising, I am not without 
recourse. Every now and 
then, one of them sends me 
a resume. 

Paul Silverman, M.A. '64 

Eli Segal '64, who served as 
the chief financial officer for 
the Transition Team, was 
named by President-elect 
Clinton in mid-January as 
assistant to the President and 
director of the Office of 
National Service. He will 
develop the National Service 
Trust, a program whereby 
students could work off 
college loans by doing 
community service. He was 
chief of staff for Clinton's 
campaign. Clinton and Segal 
worked together on George 
McGovern's campaign for 
president while they were at 
Yale Law School. Segal, a 
veteran campaigner, worked 
for Eugene McCarthy in 1968 
and for Gary Hart in 1988. 
He is president of Bits and 
Pieces, a Boston-based mail 
order games and puzzle 
business, and publisher of 
Games magazine. 

Judith Morris Feder '68, a 
political scientist, was 
appointed to the Transition 
Team's top post for 
health policy reform. 
Codirector of the Center for 
Health Policy Studies at 
Georgetown University 
School of Medicine, she is a 
long-time advocate of 
"managed competition" in 
medical care. 

Stuart Altman, dean of The 
Heller School and Sol C. 
Chaikin Professor of 
National Health Pohcy, was 
tapped to direct a group to 
develop policy options for 

Brandeis Review 

national health care reform 
on the Transition Team. He 
also gave a presentation on 
the first day of the two-day 
economic conference in 
Little Rock. Altman has held 
senior policy positions in 
three presidential 
administrations. Dean of The 
Heller School since 1977, he 
temporarily stepped down 
from October 1990 to 
September 1991 to serve as 
Brandeis's interim president. 

In addition, Bernard 
Nussbaum, a Brandeis 
Fellow and partner in a New 
York law firm specializing 
in representing corporate 
entities, served as a cluster 
coordinator in the Transition 
Team. Nussbaum is 
married to Toby Ann 
Shcmfcld Nussbaum '60. 

Eli Segal '64 

Judith Feder '68 

The campus in a Febnuuv 
thaw. Spu ' ' Tl 

49 Winter 1993 

Alumni Honored 
for Achievements, 

On Founders' Day nine 
alumni received recognition 
from the University and 
from the Brandeis Alumni 
Association and Alumni 
Admissions Council for their 
career attainments and 
volunteer leadership on 
behalf of their alma mater. 

President Samuel O. Thier 
presented Alumni 
Achievement Avi^ards to 
three alumni in recognition 
of distinguished achievement 
fulfilling the promise of a 
Brandeis liberal arts 
education that "prepares 
students for full participation 
in a changing society with an 
emphasis on character and 
intellect that reflect 
excellence and a 
commitment to the welfare 
of others." This year's 
recipients are Bernard Fields 
'58, Letty Cottin Pogrebin 
'59 and Seung-il Shin '64, 
Ph.D. '68. Previous Alumni 
Achievement Award winners 
were Donald Cohen '61, 
Stephen Coyle '69, Barbara 
Dortch '71, Evelyn Fox Keller 
'57, Joseph Reiman '75, 
George Saitoti '67, Joel 
Schwartz '69 and Karen 
Uhlenbecl<, Ph.D. '68. 

Bernard Fields '58 is the 
Adele Lehman Professor and 
chair of the Department of 
Microbiology and Molecular 
Genetics at Harvard Medical 
School. A graduate of New 
York University Medical 
School, he has concentrated 
on the study of viruses. 
Before 1975 he was on the 
faculty of the Albert Einstein 
College of Medicine. The 
author of over 200 research 
articles and reviews as well 
as the standard textbook on 
virology. Fields has received 
numerous honors including 
election to the National 
Academy of Science, the 
American Academy of Arts 
and Sciences and the 
Institute of Medicine. He 
also received the Solomon 
Berson Alumni Achievement 

University Alumni 
Leadership Award recipient 
Jan Solomon 73 

Paul Levenson '52 receives a 
University Alumni 
Leadership Award from 
President Samuel O. Thier 

Award from New York 
University Medical School 
and last year was 
president of the American 
Society for Virology. 

Letty Cottin Pogrebin '59, a 
leading author, lecturer and 
political activist, was a 
founding editor of Ms. 
magazine and a cofounder of 
the National Women's 
Political Caucus. She is also 
national cochair of 
Americans for Peace Now, 
the U.S. branch of the Israeli 
Peace Now movement. Her 
seventh book, Deborah. 
Golda and Me. published in 

Young Leadership Award 
recipient Risa Beth Glaser '85 
(above) and 1992 Service to 
Association Award recipient 
Jonathan Margolis '67 (right) 

available in paperback. Other 
works include Among 
Friends. Family Politics. 
Growing Up Free and How 
to Make It in a Man 's World. 
She is the recipient of many 
awards including an Emmy 
for her work on Free to Be. 
You and Me: a Poynter 
Fellowship at Yale 
University; the Eleanor 
Roosevelt Humanitarian 
Award of State of Israel 
Bonds; and the Award of 
Honor of the National 
Council on Family Relations. 

Seung-il Shin '64, Ph.D. '68 
was a Wien International 
Scholar and the first Gillette 
Fellow to receive the Ph.D. 
degree from Brandeis. His 
research includes the 
development and 
manufacture of vaccines as 
well as therapeutic biological 
products and antibiotics 
through genetic engineering 

and huitLchnology. From 
1972-1985 Shin was 
professor of genetics at the 
Albert Einstein College of 
Medicine at Yeshiva 
University in the Bronx. In 
1979 he was a visiting 
professor of microbiology at 
Seoul National University in 
Korea. He was a research 
fellow at the University of 
Leiden in The Netherlands, a 
member scientist of the Basel 
Institute for Immunology in 
Switzerland and a visiting 
scientist at the National 
Institute for Medical 
Research in London. He has 
been honored with a Faculty 
Research Award of the 
American Cancer Society. 
Shin was the founding 
president of Eugene Tech 
International Inc., and is 

50 Brandeis Review 

lUB wm 111 HI ■ I ■ 

Seung-il Shin '64. Ph.D. '68. 
(above) Bernard Fields '58, 
(top right) and Letty Cottin 
Pogiebin '59 (bottom right) 
received the Alumni 
Achievement Awards 

presently on leave serving as 
senior health advisor to the 
United Nations 
Development Program. 

For their exemplary and 
sustained volunteer 
leadership, devotion and 
commitment to service on 
behalf of Brandeis 
University, President Thier 
presented University Alumni 
Leadership Awards to Paul 
Levenson '52 and Jan 
Solomon '73. They join 
previous recipients Gustav 
Ranis '52, Stephen R. Reiner 
'61, Paula Resnick '61 and 
Milton Wallack '65. 

Paul Levenson '52, Esq. is a 
longtime Trustee of the 
University and partner in the 
law firm of Davis, Malm, 
D'Agostine in Boston. 
Author of the Brandeis alma 
mater, a former president 
of the Alumni Association 
and chair of numerous 
committees on both boards, 
he has contributed 
philanthropically and 
intellectually to the welfare 
of the University, 
providing institutionally- 
oriented leadership. 

Jan Solomon '73 has been 
involved with the Alumni 
Association in every role, 
from local board member to 
chapter president, member- 
at-large and vice president of 
the Alumni Association, 
active participant in the 
Alumni Annual Fund 
Leadership Cabinet and chair 
of her class's Reunions. She 
juggles these activities as 
well as a career as budget 
analyst for the Department 
of Education and mother of 
two young children. 

Bruce B. Litwer '61, president 
of the Brandeis University 
Alumni Association, 
presented the Association's 
first Young Leadership 
Award to Risa Beth Glaser 
'85 for devotion and 
allegiance to her alma mater 
and its 1992 Service to 
Association Award to 
Jonathan Margolis '67 for his 

many years of leadership on 
the Alumni Association 
board of directors. 

Glaser was active in alumni 
affairs even before she 
graduated from Brandeis, 
chairing her senior class gift 
effort and representing the 
students on the Alumni 
Association board of 
directors in her senior year. 
An elected member-at-large 
of the board of directors, 
Glaser presently coordinates 
a new Tribute Card Program 
initiative to raise revenues 
for the Association. Since 
graduation, she has served as 
president of the Long Island 
chapter, for which she was 
cochair of several successful 
Sachar Scholarship events. In 
addition, she has been 
associate vice chair of the 
Young Leadership Society of 
the Alumni Annual Fund 
and served as a member of 
her class's fifth Reunion 
committee. She has been a 
member of the Alumni 
Admissions Council since 
her graduation, as well as a 
class agent and member of 

the Career Resource Bank of 
the Hiatt Career 
Development Center. 

Margolis, a Fellow of the 
University since 1987 and 
former President's Councilor, 
has served the Alumni 
Association in many roles for 
nearly a quarter of a century, 
having been elected to two 
terms as a member-at-large, 
two terms as vice president 
and one as a Presidential 
appointee. As a member of 
the Alumni Annual Fund 
Leadership Cabinet, he has 
served as vice chair for cash 
collection and on several key 
University, association and 
chapter committees. 

Judith Rothenberg Feldstein 
'63, one of last year's 
recipients of the Alumni 
Admissions Council Award 
(AAC), along with her 
husband, Ed Feldstein '61, 
presented this year's AAC 
awards to Harriet Becker 
Jedeikin '53 and Ruth 
Weinstein Friedman '69, Esq. 
for their outstanding work in 
interviewing and attracting 
young persons from 
Westchester County and 
New Jersey to apply to 
Brandeis. Jedeikin has been 
active on the Alumni 
Association Board of 
Directors and in the 
Westchester chapter for 
many years. Friedman is a 
vice president and former 
treasurer of the New Jersey 
chapter as well as chair of 
the AAC for that area. 

51 Winter 1993 

Alumni College and 
Reunion '93 Set for 
May 21-23 

Association Ballot 
Changes for 1993 

Wien Scholars Plan 
35th Anniversary 

Alumni College '93, "Inquiry 
and Imagination," is slated as 
the kickoff Reunion event on 
May 21, 1993 for the classes 
of 1953, 1958, 1963 and 
1968. Alumni College '93 
will provide a daylong 
academic adventure with 
outstanding Brandeis faculty. 
As a special pre-Reunion 
event this year, a block of 
tickets has been reserved for 
a performance of the pop 
musical Forever Plaid at 
Boston's Park Plaza Hotel on 

Thursday, May 20, at 8 pm. 
Alumni who wish to receive 
more information about 
Forever Plaid or Alumni 
College '93 should contact 
the Office of Alumni 
Relations, Brandeis 
University, PO Box 9110, 
Waltham, MA 02254-91 10. 

At its October meeting, the 
Alumni Association board of 
directors voted to present a 
single slate of officers and 
executive committee 
members to the membership, 
while presenting contested 
elections for four member-at- 
large positions. The 
candidates and their 
qualifications and statements 
will appear in the March 
issue of the Brandeis Alumni 
Connection. Alumni should 
watch for the ballot that will 
appear as part of a 
return envelope enclosed in 
that issue. 

The Wien International 
Scholarship Program will 
celebrate the 35th 
anniversary of its inception 
on October 1-3, 1993. Wien 
scholars from around the 
world will be returning to 
campus for a weekend of 
both alumni and Wien- 
focused events with an 
international flavor that will 
coincide with Homecoming 
and Reunion for members of 
the Reunion classes of 1973, 
1978, 1983 and 1988. 

Minority Alumni 
Network Reunion 

Kofi Gyasi '79 presents 
President Samuel O. Thier 
with a mock check for 
$2,000 from the Minority 
Alumni Network, the 
amount collected at the time 
of the Reunion for a gift to 
the Intercultural Center 

^1cnlbers of the Mmority 
lumni Network Reunion 
I '( nnmittee met during 
Founders' Day weeked, 
mcluding, left to right. Ralph 
Martin II '74, Evelyn Tate 
'77, Norma Sanchez- 
Figueroa '84, Joseph Perkins 
'66, Kofi Gyasi '79, Barbara 
Waters '77 and Marsha 
fackson 79. The group made 
contribution to the 
University to support the 
new Intercultural Center 
and honored Ralph Martin II 
74 district attorney of 
Suffolk County. MA. and 
Luis Orlando Isaza '69, 
director of Social Services, 
Springfield. MA, with special 
recognition awards. 

Brandeis Review 

Class Notes 

Due to an unprecedented volume 
of class notes submitted last fall, 
not every note was able to be 
printed in this issue. If it does not 
appear here, watch for your item ir 
the spring issue of the Brandeis 
Review. -Ed. Note. 


Dr. Norman Diamond, Class 
Correspondent, 240 Kendrick 
Street, Newton, MA 02158 

Rosalie Insoft Clebnik and her 

husband, Allan, have been 
operatmg the family business, 
ARC Alarm Systems of Newton, 
MA, for over 25 years and report 
that they and their two children 
and two grandchildren are doing 
well. She says that their daughter, 
Marcy Clebnik Kornreich '78, 
provided them the nicest gift by 
graduating from Brandeis. Natalie 
Hittner Coch lives in New York 
City, works for Beekman Travel 
Service and can't believe it has 
really been 40 years since 
graduation. Theresa Belle Danley 
received her M.A. in English from 
Columbia University and taught 
for several years while taking 
classes in continuing education. 
She lives in Washington, DC, and 
does volunteer work at Walter 
Reed Hospital. Norman Diamond, 
D.M.D. has been practicing 
orthodontics for 30 years and is an 
assistant professor of orthodontics 
at Tufts University Dental School. 
He is also vice president of the 
Massachusetts Dental Society. 
Rhonda Lemelman Factor, 
education director of Temple Beth 
Emunah Religious School m 
Brockton, MA, reports that her 
daughter, Heidi Factor '91, was 
graduated from Brandeis. She and 
her husband, Eli Factor '52, 
celebrated their 40th anniversary 
and arc cninvmg their first 
grandLhiKl ^l^hu.l lune Caplan 
Gordon «Mikst..i tin. president 

marketing at HNV Systems, Inc., 
an envirotech company that 
manufactures products that 
monitor the environment. Joan A. 
Greenberger Gurgold works with 
authors and publishers as office 
manager and assistant to the 
president of a literary agency. She 
enjoys tennis, skiing and reading, 
as well as spending time with her 
three grandchildren, ages 4 to 12. 
She looks forward to retiring and 
seeing the world. Herman W. 
Hemingway is a tenured full 
professor and former department 
chair at the University of 
Massachusetts at Boston and a 
faculty associate at the William H. 
Trotter Institute, as well as the 
director of a UMass continuing 
education program in paralegal 
studies. In his spare time he serves 
as director of an irmer-city youth 

program called Street Lawyers. He 
and his wife, Barbara, have two 
daughters in whose Boston law 
firm he works part-time. Adele 
Segal Levenson is a corporate 
customer service specialist for 
BayBank as well as an active 
volunteer at Temple Beth Am in 
Randolph. MA, serving as 
president from 1987-89 and chair 
of the board of directors from 
1989-91. She and her husband, Al, 
have four daughters and live in 
Randolph. Audrey Rogovin 
Madans is president-elect nt the 
board of directors tor the 
Blumenthal Jewish Home m 
Clemmons, NC, and a member of 
the board of directors of Temple 
Israel in Charlotte, NC. She was a 
radio talk show host from 1979 to 
19S6:,nMrnnr,nnr. tohca 

Tlh 111 uspaper. He 

and hi- ',M!. [;i>lv .clehrated their 
.^4th aiini\ers.ii\' List August and 
still reside in the Boston area. 
Peter H. Metzger is a publicist, 
essayist and author who has 
written extensively in the areas of 
atomic energy and the 
environment. He was the former 
science editor of the Denver Rocky 
Movntdin NL■\v^^ and has served as 

for the Public Service Company of 
Colorado. Ho is the author of The 
Atomic Establishment and has 
served as a member of the 
governor of Colorado's State 
Health Planning Council, the 
board of directors of Wildlife 2000 
and the Colorado Defense Council, 
as well as appeared in Miirquis 
Who's Who. He lives in Boulder, 
CO, IS married to Frances 
Windham and has four children, 
lohn, lames, Lisa and Suzanne. 
Elliot Morrison is practicing child 
and adolescent psychiatry with his 
wife, Marlene, who is a 
psychologist, Frances Shapiro 
Nadash is director of mental 
health for Prince George's County, 
MD, She and her husband, Peter 
Nadash '54, celebrated their 37th 
anniversary. They both remain 
politically active, enjoy traveling 
and report that their three children 
are doing well. Barbara Koral 
Raisner retired from college 
teaching and is a sales 
representative and educational 
consultant for Charlesbridge 
Publishing of Watertown, MA. She 
also volunteers her time by 
helping produce recorded books for 
the blind at the New York Public 
Library and by playing four-hand 

piano duet recitals for local 
nursing homes. She has spent time 
traveling and admits to being an 
"opera nut." After being widowed 
for several years, Naomi Sack- 
Sogoloff IS remarried and teaching 
Hebrew in Pittsburch ]\\ Barbara 
Dephoure Shapiro bcni 
married 38 ve.iis in -\in,ikl tliev 


. Shapii 


Wish Ih -h I I l.-.|-ii,il m Mt. Kisco, 
NY Heandhiswite, Jane, have 
been married 21 years and have a 
son in college and a daughter 
heading in that direction. Rozelin 
Berger Spielman is director of the 
Flint Memorial Library in North 
Reading, MA, and grandmother of 
three. ' 


Sydney Rose Abend, Class 
Correspondent, 304 Concord Road, 
Wayland, MA 01778 

Robert L. Samuels, CEO of The 

Leo Baeck Education Center in 
Haifa, Israel, and headmaster of 
Leo Bacck's high school, is coach 
of the Israel national Softball team 
that IS preparing for the 14th 
World Maccabiah Games in July 


Judith Paull Aronson, Class 
Corresponderit, 767 South Windsor 
Blvd., Los Angeles, CA 90005 

Avis Horwitz Lampert has opened 
her own company. Price Lampert 
Associates, Inc., in Framingham, 
IVLA, specializing in marketing 
communications and corporate 
event planning. 


Leona Feldman Curhan, Class 
Correspondent, 6 Tide Winds 
Terrace, Marblehead, MA 0194S 

Rabbi David L. Blumenfeld, Ph.D. 

is director of the Department of 
Services to Affiliated 

Congregations at the United 
Synagogue of Conservative 
Judaism in New York City and 
adjunct professor of Judaic studies 
at C.W. Post. He lives in New 
Rochelle with his wife. Dr. Frances 
Blumenfeld. He holds a master of 
Hebrew literature degree, a doctor 
of divinity Honoris Causa from 
the Jewish Theological Seminary 
and a museum studies 


Wynne Wolkenberg Miller, Class 
Correspondent, 14 Larkspur Road, 
Waban, MA 02168 

Diana Kurz illustrated the 1992 
publication of Mother Massage: A 
Handbook for Rcheving the 
Discomforts of Pregnancy. Sy 
Raboy is executive vice president 
of Sun Financial Services in 
Wellesley Hills, MA. 


Allan W. Drachman, Class 
Correspondent, 1 1 5 Mayo Road, 


MA 021 

Mindy Horowitz opened The 
Dinner Theater in Hamlin, PA, 
with Nunsense. Founder and 
director of The Hideout Players, 
she has worked with many 
community theaters, and recently 
played the Mother Superior in 
Nunsense at the Carbondale, PA, 
Repertory Theater. Peter Ranis, 

Rabbi David Bh 

Peter R 

York College and the Graduate 
School and University Center of 
the City University of New York, 
has published Argentine Workers: 
Pcronism and Contemporary 
Class Consciousness, a study of 
working class politics and Marxist 
theory. Gerald B. Segel is 
executive vice president of Reed 
Exhibition Companies, the 
Newton, MA, based organizer of 
trade shows and public events. He 
and his wife, Roberta, reside in 
Boston and have three children, 
the youngest of whom was 
graduated from college and is 
pursuing an M.B.A. 

53 Winter 1993 


luiiith Leavitt Schatz, Class 
Correspondent, 139 Cumberland 
Road, Leominster, MA 01453 

Stephen E. Bluestone won second 
prize m the 1991 Robert Penn 
Warren Poetry Competition. The 
competition was sponsored by the 
Cumberland Poetry Review, 
which published his long poem, 
"Three Anatomists," in its fall 
issue. Elisabeth D. Jordan is in an 
M.A./Ph.D. program at the 
University of California at Santa 
Barbara and is vice president of 
academic affairs for the Graduate 
Student Association. 


Rochelle A. Wolf, Class 
Correspondent, 1 13 Naudain 
Street, Philadelphia, PA 19477 

Elizabeth Klein Benjamin is 

minister of religious education at 
the First Unitarian Congregation 
of Ottawa. She has a son, a 
daughter and two lovely 
grandsons, continues to en)oy 
singing, has taken up cross- 
country skiing and lives very 
happily with her partner of three 
years, Margaret. Joyce L. 
Bromberger received her Ph.D. in 
psychiatric epidemiology in 1990 
at the University of Pittsburgh. 
She completed a postdoctoral 
fellowship in alcohol 
epidemiology, and is senior 
MacAithur fellow in the 
department of psychiatry at the 
University of Pittsburgh. Barbara 
Hayes Buell married Paul Langner, 
a reporter for the Boston Globe, in 
December 1990. She continues to 
defend health care professionals in 
medical malpractice lawsuits for 
her law firm, Bloom and Buell. 
Ellen Wittenberg Greist performs 
for children as a folksinger, 
storyteller and drama educator, 
and works as a visiting artist m 
New Haven schools, creating 
participatory pageants and plays. 
She and her husband also operate 
Mill River Valley Gardens, an 
organic farm organized as 
community supported agriculture. 
Their children are Jesse, 17, and 
Arjnna, 13. Rae Nemiroff 
Gurewitsch reports that her son, 
Steven, was graduated from 
Brandeis in 1989, the year of her 
25th reunion. Her daughter, Anne, 
was class of '91, and married 
Samuel Schwartz '89 in June 1991. 
Her nephew, Alexander Nemiroff, 
is Class of '95. Brandeis is getting 
to be a family habit! Sharon 
Herson is enjoying her family, her 
job and occasional travel. She says 
she would like to hear from some 
classmates, "You know who you 
are..." Alan E. Katz of the New 
York City law firm of Greenfield, 
Eisenberg, Stein & Senior, was 

elected to the board of directors of 
NorCrown Bank in Roseland, New 
Jersey. Sharon Korson Kirshenblat 
works with active older adults as 
director of a social recreational 
center for senior citizens. She has 
lived in Toronto for 22 years, is 
married to a Canadian, has three 
children aged 26, 22 and 12, and 
became a Canadian citizen 12 
years ago. She says she loves living 
in Canada and will probably stay 
there forever. David A. Levinson is 
enjoying life practicing 
dermatology north of San 
Francisco in the wine country. 
Last winter when he returned to 
Boston for a visit with his son, 
Steve, he saw old Brandeis friends 
Paul N. Levenson '64 and Peter 
Loewinthan '65. He sends regards 
to all Brandeis alums and chums! 
Stuart Paris is president of a newly 
formed company, Copeland 
Benefits Management Company, 
and continues as president of Paris 
International Corporation. His son, 
Jason Paris '92, is enrolled in 
Fordham School of Law. He is also 
the father of Gail, age 1 7, and 
Michael, age 9. Arnie Reisman 
reports that it was wonderful to 
reconnect in Maryland with his 
freshman roommate, JWaurice 
Roumani, after 22 years. Roumani 
is back in Israel and they plan to 
keep in touch by fax and E-mail. 
Reisman is working on a novel, a 
children's book, a stage play, a 
screenplay and a book on scams 
with his wife, Paula Lyons, 
consumer editor of ABC's "Good 
Morning America." They have lust 
enjoyed their 10th summer 
together on Martha's Vineyard. 
Gloria Tambor Smith is working 
as a social worker for Children's 
Aid and Adoption Society where 
she is primarily involved in 
arranging reunions between 
adoptees and their birth parents. 
She and her husband, Paul, spent 
two weeks touring Israel in August 
with their daughter, Laurie, age 13, 
who celebrated her Bat Mitzvah on 
Massada and their son, Adam, age 
16, who worked at an 
archaeological dig at a kibbutz. 
Burt Strug reports that his 
daughter Kerri, age 14, was the 
youngest American on the United 
States Olympic gymnastics team 
and won a bronze medal. Murray I. 
Suid published How to be 
President of the USA-, a book of 
activities, facts, quizzes and 
checklists that aims to put would- 
be White House dwellers ages 8 
and up into the President's shoes. 
In addition, a small film company 
took an option on his screenplay. 

"Love Code," and he is continuing 
work on a nonfiction book for kids 
entitled Horrible Wonders. Shelly 
Wolf went back to school several 
years ago for an M.B.A. in 
management information systems 
and IS a technology officer in a 
large regional bank helping people 
and computers understand each 
other. Three years ago, she married 
David Woods, a publisher, medical 
writer and "altogether great guy." 
In addition to all these new riches, 
she recently became the proud 
grandmother of a wonderful baby 
boy named Sam, assumed the 
presidency of the Philadelphia 
chapter of the Alumni Association 
and reports that life is grand. 


Kenneth E. Davis, Class 
Correspondent, 28 Mary Chilton 
Road, Needham, MA 02192 

Margery Sager Cohen was 

appointed executive director of the 
Pasadena Pops Orchestra in 
Pasadena, CA. Sociologist, 
gerontologist and author, Ruth 
Harriet Jacobs, Ph.D. published We 
Speak for Peace, a collection of the 
words of those who fear and hate 
war and love and work for peace. 
The book contains responses to 
classified ads that she placed in 
periodicals subscribed to by poets 
lor reactions to the Persian Gulf 


Anne Reilly Hort, Class 
Correspondent, 4600 Livingston 
Avenue, Riverdale, NY 10471 

Charles Siegel is a tenured 
associate professor in the 
department of theatre and film at 
the University of British Columbia 
m Vancouver. He is married, has 
two teenage daughters and 
continues to work as a professional 
actor, performing in Henry IV. Part 
1 at the University and principal 
roles in over 20 network television 
shows. He directed British 
premieres of two Canadian plays 
— Toronto. Mississippi by loan 
MacLeod and Homework for Men 
by John Lazarus. He was invited to 
the Royal Shakespeare Company's 
Fringe Festival as a guest artist, 
where he taught a one-day acting 
workshop. He also introduced the 
work of five Canadian playwrights 
to Britain. 

lay R, Kaufman, Class 
Correspondent, One Childs Road, 
Lexington, MA 02 1 73 

Jane Loebl Adlin is working at the 
Metropolitan Museum in a 
curatorial position in 20th-century 
design and architecture. She lives 
in New York with her husband 
and two children, Jesse, age 16, and 

Kate, age 12. After nearly nine 
years at Shawmut Bank, Marsha 
Davis Andelman has joined 
Fidelity Investments in Boston as 
vice president of operations. She 
continues to serve on the 
Combined Jewish Philanthropies 
scholarship board and enjoys 
travel, attending the theater, 
concerts and walking. Linda J. 
Baker moved to Amherst, MA, in 
1987 and is a family therapist, 
specializing in sexual abuse cases 
at Franklm/Hampshire 
Communitv Health 
Center In .uklitmn, sIk' is 

psychology at the University of 
Massachusetts, Amherst, and is 
the mother of two children, Ben, 
age 15, and Anna, age 11. Bonnie 
Baskin is a free-lance copywriter 
and travel writer for newspapers 
and magazines and has been an 
avid traveler for 25 years, 
principally in Asia. In 1988, she 
married Bob Acker '66 in India at 
the Taj Mahal, which won them a 
prize in the San Francisco Bay 
Guardian's best alternative 
wedding contest. She is also 
completing prerequisite courses for 
applying to graduate school in art 
conservation. Debbie M. Bolan has 
been a practicing attorney for 18 
years, was the first woman elected 
president of the Lawrence, MA, 
Bar Association and the first 
woman chair of the New England 
Commercial Law League. She lives 
in Andover, MA, and is the mother 
of two sons, both of whom have 
graduated from college. In addition 
to having a private practice, Arthur 
E. Brawer, M.D. is director of 
rheumatology at Monmouth 
Medical Center in Long Branch, 
NI, and assistant clinical professor 
of medicine at Hahnemann 
University in Philadelphia, PA and 
at the Robert Wood Johnson 
School of Medicine in New 
Brunswick, NJ. He is also 
conducting clinical research on 
silicon breast implants and 
connective tissue diseases and is 
past president of the New Jersey 
Rheumatism Association. He and 
his wife, Carol, have two children, 
Michael, age 21, and Michelle, age 
18, and reside in Ocean, NJ. Laura 
R. Chasen is a trade and foreign 
policy analyst in Washington, DC, 
while her husband, Richard 
Cohen, is an economist. They live 
with their "irrepressibly 
exuberant" 3-year-old son, 
Gregory, in North Bethesda, MD. 
Arthur Chernoff, M.D. practices 
endocnnolgy in Philadelphia, PA, 
and lives in Rydal, PA, with his 
wife, Marcia, and daughters, Lisa, 
age 16, and Rachel, age 9. He says 
that he realizes how fast the years 

Brandeis Review 

News Notes 

are moving and that he won't have 
time for a mid-life crisis. Jack K. 
Feirman is a partner at Kronish, 
Lieb, Weiner & Hellman, 
concentrating in real estate and 
bank lending. He and h.s wife, 
Jane, havr <w>' s.mi^ inn.ithan, age 

16, and I" I ■' ■ ' I lindaS. 
Feldman m.aneyfor 
the piL'^ivDn.', iii^i h . "I ilic 
Caliturni.i (nh DiMiict State Court 
of Appeal. She and her husband, 
Michael O'Reilley, have three 
children, Melissa, age 13, Isaac, age 
11, and Sharon, age 10. Michele L. 
Foster is associate professor of 
African American studies at the 
University of California at Davis 
and the recipient of a 
Distinguished Scholar Award for 
early career achievement from the 
Standing Committee on the Role 
and Status of Minorities in 
Educational Research of the 
American Educational Research 
Association. In addition, she has 
had articles published in Language 
in Society, Journal of Education 
and the National Women's 
Association Journal. Ann Garelick 
Garick lives in Andover, MA, with 
husband, Rich, a restauranteur, 
daughter, Sarah, age 12, and son. 
Josh, age 10, and works as an 
elementary school guidance 
counselor. She says her elective 
Bat Mitzvah in June is her latest 
and most exciting 
accomplishment. Lynn Goldsmith 
Goldberg and her husband, 
Lawrence, own Insty Prints of 
Bedford, Inc., a commercial quick 
printing company in which she 
does graphic design and 
typesetting as well as bookkeeping 
and office management. They live 
in Bedford, NH, and have three 
children, Joel, age 20, Corey, age 

17, and Andrew, age 12. David S. 
Greenwald, Ph.D. is team 
psychologist for the Philadelphia 
Eagles, cofounder of the 
Crossroads Center for Psychiatry 
and Psychology in Doylestown, 
PA, and has a psychotherapy 
practice in center city 
Philadelphia. He has also 
coauthored No Reason to Talk 
About It: Families Confront the 
Nuclear Taboo. He and his wife 
and colleague, Wendy Forman, live 
in Carversville, PA, and have two 
children, Abraham, age 16, and 
Anna, age 12, both of whom have 
acted professionally at the Bucks 
County Playhouse. Samuel C. 
Heilman is a professor of sociology 
at Queens College of the City 
University of New York and 
author of seven books. He and his 
wife, Ellin Kaufman '69, have four 
sons and have spent much of the 
last 12 years shuttling back and 
forth from Jerusalem. He also 
notes that he has begun work on a 
book about American Jews. Rabbi 
Ronald Kronish is writing a book, 
Israel: A Jewish State of the Jews. 

based upon his educational, 
administrative and personal 
experience in Israel where he has 
hved for the past 13 years since 
making aliyah in 1979. He also 
teaches at Tel Aviv University and 
serves as the chair of the 
Interreligious Coordinating 
Council in Israel. Roberta Marke 
Hunter lives in Brooklyn, NY, 
with her husband. Bill, and two 
children, David, age 13, and Julie, 
age 7. She is a dean and an adjunct 
professor at Kingsborough 
Community College where she 
teaches 20th-century humanities 
as well as an EnglisJi teacher at 
Clara Barton High School. Sarah 
"Andi" Roberts John received her 
certificate as an emergency 
medical specialist, diplomate of 
the American Board of Emergency 
Medicine, in May 1991. She 
celebrated the accomplishment 
with fellow Brandeisians Freddi 
Lipstein and Anne Cauman '59. 
After 15 years as founding director 
of an 18-college environmental 
studies consortium. Jay R. 
Kaufman and his wife, Cathy, are 
launching a consulting practice in 
planning for and managing change 
in the public sector, educational 
institutions and businesses. They 
hope the practice will be as 
rewarding as their home life with 
sons Noah, age 8, Kenneth, age 4, 
and Marc, age 18. Mark Kravitz 
practices law in Philadelphia and 
has been involved in a variety of 
activities, including helping to 
start several businesses. He is 
divorced and lives with three very 
nice cats. Robert B. Lamm is a 
corporate secretary at Chief 
Securities Counsel, W.R. Grace & 
Co. He lives with his wife, Carol, 
and three daughters, Becky, Ruth 
and Liz, in Boca Raton, FL. Rick 
Lemberg is teaching at a public 
alternative elementary school in 
Seattle and enjoying life with his 
wife and two children, ages 10 and 
14. A design submitted by Mark 
Simon and his associate, Mahdad 
Saniec, was .singled nut for special 
recogniticii! bv ilic t'niinecticut AilHiicUs, the 
statewide tliaptci nl the American 
Institute of Architects, in the 
category of unbuilt projects. The 
design was for a small, visually 
provocative house with a tower on 
a lot adjacent to the rolling fields 
of a nature preserve in the Boston 
suburb of Wayland. Lawrence P. 
Temkin lives in Tucson, Arizona 
with his wife, Barbara, and their 
children, Joshua, age 16, and 
Deborah, age 7. He is chief of 
cardiology at St. Mary's Hospital 
and maintains a private practice in 
diagnostic, invasive and 

lectures nationally on 
cardiovascular medicine and 
therapeutics for the Pfizer 
Pharmaceutical Corporation. 


|o Anne Chernev Adlerstein, Class 
Correspondent, 76 Glenview Road, 
South Orange, NJ 07079 

Fumihiko Adachi is married, has 
two children, teaches development 

entitkJ \ ., i ■ ' :':' "ii\- m 
Figui. II, In.,,, I, I \nkerisa 
prott-.- iJ 

immiyi.ii hMi l,i\, ,,1 I l,n\-.ird Law 
School and diiectoi ut the 
Immigration and Refugee Program, 
which helps students working in 
legal services gain experience in 
immigration and refugee 
representation. She also received 
the American Immigration 
Laviryers Association Edith M. 
Lowensteen Memorial Award for 
excellence in advanced practice of 
immigration law. Donald W. 
Aptekar, M.D. has been in a 
Denver, CO, private practice of 
obstetrics and gynecology for 15 
years and is a member of the 
Rocky Mountain Regional 
Advisory Board of the 
Environmental Defense Fund and 
the Rocky Mountain Planned 
Parenthood Board. He is married to 
Harriet Meyer and has two 
children, Jacob and Noah. Howard 
B. Beckman, M.D. moved to 
Rochester, NY, in 1990 to become 
chief of medicine at Highland 
Hospital and associate professor of 
medicine at the University of 
Rochester School of Medicine and 
Dentistry. His research focuses on 
doctor/patient communication, 
specifically the use of empathy and 
the role of communication in 
malpractice. He and his wife, Ellen 
Leopold, have been married seven 
years and have three daughters. 
After 22 years in the movie 
business as a cinematographer and 
businessman, Benjamin Blake has 
changed careers and become a 
lawyer. He received his J.D. degree 
in January 1992 and is a member of 
the Massachusetts, New York and 
District of Columbia bars, and a 
candidate for an L.L.M. in banking 
law at Boston University and a 
master's in economics at 
Northeastern University. His wife, 
Josette, manages Neptune Lobster, 
a retail and wholesale seafood 
business in downtown Boston. 
They have two children, Annabelle 
and Alexandra. J. Michael Brounoff 
received his J.D. from the 
University of Texas and is a 
member of the bar of the Supreme 
Court of the United States, the 
United States 5th Circuit Court of 
Appeals, the United States District 
Court for the northern and eastern 
districts of Texas, the United 

What have you been doing 
lately' Let the alumni office 
know. We invite you to submit 
articles, photos (black and 
white photos are preferred) and 
news that would be of interest 
to your fellow classmates to; 

Office of Alumni Relations 
Brandeis University 
P.O. Box 91 10 
Waltham, MA 02254-91 10 

Brandeis Degree and Class Year 

Please check here if address is 
different from mailing label. 

Demographic News 

(Marriages, Births) 

If you know of any alumni whc 
are not receiving the Brandeis 
Review, please let us know. 

Brandeis Degree and Class Year 


Due to space limitations, we 
usually are unable to print lists 
of classmates who attend each 
other's weddings or other 
functions. News of marriages 
and births are included in 
separate listings by class. 

States District Court o( the 
western district of Wisconsin, and 
the states of Wisconsin and Texas. 
He is director and shareholder of 
the Dallas firm of Bird &. Skibell, 
P.C, vice chair of the City of 
Irving, TX, Planning and Zoning 
Commission, member of the City 
of Irving Capital Bond 
Improvement Committee and 
chair of the Marino, Italy, 
Committee of Irving Sister Cities. 
He enjoys cooking and classical 
piano, and he and his wife, Martha 
Jane, have one son, David, age 9. 
Wendy Caplin is video editor for 
"The Real American Cowboy," a 
series of commercials on the 
Discovery Channel aimed at 
keeping kids off of drugs. After 
many years of working as a reading 
teacher and special education 
teacher in the Massachusetts 
school system, Sara Kantor 
d'Anjou joined the faculty of 
Newbury College, Brookline, MA, 
in September 1 99 1. As academic 
resource specialist, she runs the 
college's tutoring center, training 
peer tutors and consulting with 
faculty and administration on 
issues relating to students' 
academic achievement. She lives 
in Norfolk, MA, with her husband, 
Peter, and their son, Alex, who 
started first grade in the fall. 
Robert L. Elk, M.D. is a practicing 
physician in Phoenix, AZ, where 
he and his wife have lived happily 
for the past 10 years. Robert B. 
Feingold is a partner in the New 
Bedford, MA, business and civil 
litigation law firm of Braudy, 
Bently and Feingold. Bernard M. 
Gerber M.D. is associate medical 
director at the Center for 
Psychiatric Medicine, and lives in 
Houston with his wife, Carol, and 
children, Sarah, age 16, and Jacob, 
age 14. He will assume the 
position of president-elect of the 
Texas Society of Psychiatric 
Physicians in May 1993. He also 
is active in the Alumni 
Admissions Council in Houston. 
Henci Harman Goer is a childbirth 
educator and free-lance writer, 
having written for Reader's Digest, 
American Baby and Baby Talk 
magazines. She is working on a 
book based on medical literature 
entitled What Your Obstetrician 
Thinks He Knows Can Hurt You. 
She and her husband live in 
Sunnyvale, CA, and have three 
children, Awan, age 1 7, Elana, age 
14, and Sarah, age 6. Kenneth A. 
Greene reports that son, Avi, 
completed a year on Nativ, the 
United Synagogues one-year study/ 
work program in Israel, and 
entered Brandeis University in the 
fall. Renee Oshinsky Gruenwald is 
a special education teacher in the 
South Orange/Maplewood, NJ, 
schools and chair of the 
negotiations committee of the 
local union. She was also named in 

the 1992-93 edition of Who's Who 
in American Education. Her 
husband, Latty Gruenwald, M.D. 
'67, is a pediatrician in private 
practice. They have two daughters, 
Kate, ,1 freshman in college, and 
';,,!. Ill .1 uiiiiMi 111 high school. 
Iliul., Ki-riili.iuiii Meeker and 
I, ■ 1 kicin.ilthe 

H,,,ii.i. I.I i,:v. IS, tv English 
depjitmcnt .iru collaborating on a 
joint project developing 
experimental strategies for 
teaching college writing to 
students who learn in a visual/ 
spatial or motor/kinesthetic 
manner. While Professor Klein 
conducts her work at Brandeis, 
Hecker is involved in the project at 
Landmark College in Vermont, the 
nation's only college exclusively 
for high potential dyslexic or 
learning disabled students. 
Kingsley Ihendacho Ikpe returned 
to Thomas Kingley Securities 
Limited as president and chief 
executive officer following the end 
of his national assignment as 
managing director and chief 
executive officer of Nigeria-Arab 
Bank Limited, a Federal 
Government of Nigeria 
commercial banking joint venture 
with Arab Bank Pic. of Amman, 
Jordan Julia Irizarry-Bhasin lives 
with her husband, Keval '68, and 
three sons in Westfield, NY. luUa 
received her Ed.D. in 1990 from 
Teachers College, Columbia 
University. Neil B. Kauffman, his 
wife, Barbara Drebing, and sons, 
Alex, age 4, and Brian, age 7, have 
moved to Swarthmore, PA, after 15 
years living in downtown 
Philadelphia. They both continue 
as partners and registered 
investment advisors at Kauffman 
& Drebing. Dattatreya V. Kulkarni 
IS a retired professor of social work 
from the University of Alabama. 
He is presently engaged in research 
on his own. Jonathan Landau 
heads Jon Landau Management, 
Inc., which manages rock star, 
Bruce Springsteen. He lives in Rye, 
NY, with his wife, Barbara 
Downey Landau, and two children, 
Kate, age 7, and Charles, age 5. 
Ann-Sofie H. Lehtinen is a 
psychologist, specializing in brief, 
solution-centered therapy at an 
open care mental health office in 
Finland. She is married to Juhani 
Lehtinen and they have two 
daughters, ages 7 and 6 years old. 
Susan Levin completed a doctorate 
in counseling psychology at the 
University of British Columbia, 
Vancouver, and has moved to 
Israel to work on a post-doctoral 
research project with autistic 
children at the Hadassah-Uizo 
Canada Research Institute in 

Jerusalem. Gregory Medis, M.D. 

practices medical oncology at 
journal Monroe Clinic in Monroe, 
WI. He and his wife, Anne O'Brien 
'73, have three children, Luke, age 
6, Abby, age 8, and Jacob, age 12. 
When not traveling with his wife, 
Myra, in Europe, Asia and Israel, 
Charles J. Novogrodsky is a 
consultant to the government on 
race/culture and other equity 
issues. Gregory Prestcpino is 
married to actress Carol Locatell 
and IS a songwriter/producer living 
in Los Angeles and New York. 
Some of his songs have been 
recorded by Natalie Cole, Patti 
LaBelle, Bette Midler and Celine 
Dion. Nicholas S. Rabkin is senior 
program officer for the arts and 
culture at the John D. & Catherine 
T. MacArthur Foundation. He 
produced Sylvia 's Real Good 
Advice, a musical comedy that 
won a Jefferson Award for best 
new work of 1991 in Chicago. In 
addition, he served seven years as 
deputy commissioner of cultural 
affairs for the City of Chicago 
under Harold Washington and his 
successors, Kristin Robie is in her 

Nicholas i Rabk 

third year of medical school at 
Bowman Gray Medical School and 
IS looking forward to returning to 
New York to practice medicine, 
most likely in the area of 
gastroenterology. Richard F. 
Rockiord is an antique dealer in 
Clarence, NY, specializing in 
architectural items such as tower 
clocks and dials, art deco lighting, 
folk art, American Indian art and 
the decorative objects of Louis 
Sullivan, Louis Tiffany and Frank 
Lloyd Wright. He and his wife, 
Carol Moyer Rockiord, have one 
child, Noah, age 8. Ralph 
Rosenberg, M.D., is involved with 
a general medical practice and 
writing computer programs in 
Vermont David E. Safir, M.D. is a 
pediatrician in private practice. 
Between he and his wife, Carole, 
they have three daughters, Shane, 
age 19, Jessica, age 4, Sarah, age 2, 
and two sons, Dylan, age 16, and 
Ryan, age 10. Michael A. Sandberg, 
associate professor of 
ophthalmology at Howard Medical 

School, is married to Louise Brady 
Sandberg '70 and has two children, 
Robin Elizabeth, 14, and Matthew 
Adam, 7. Janet S. Schmidt, M.D. is 
a family practitioner in Aurora, 
CO, and lives in Denver with her 
husband, Frank Uttieri. Janet E. 
Shapiro and her husband, Phillip 
Byrd, own Brandenburg 
Productions, a video production 
company. Some of their projects 
include The Oak Ridge Boys and 
Emmy Lou Harris in concert, 
"Robert Shaw: Preparing a 
Masterpiece" for Camegie Hall, 
"B.B. King Live at the Apollo" for 
public television and "Lake 
Wobegon Loyalty Days," a 
Garrison Keillor special, for the 
Disney Channel. Ellen Short- 
Goldin has a M.S.W., is teaching 
religious school, active in the PTO 
and involved in both the secular 
and Jewish community activities 
in Wayne, NJ. She and her 
husband, Michael, have 9-year-old 
twins, Laura and Mark. Matjotie 
Pearl Shriberg is a retirement plan 
administrator in Cincinnati, OH, 
where she lives with her husband, 
Art, a professor of management at 
Xavier University, and three sons, 
David, age 19, Michael, age 16, and 
Steven, age 12. She is a board 
member on the Cincinnati 
Council for Soviet Jews and is vice 
president of Women's American 
CRT Sadell Zimmern Sloan, 
Ph.D. received her master's and 
doctorate in psychology from 
Geiir,i;ia State University and has .1 private practice in Atlanta 
since 1984. She conducts pre- 
employment screenings and 
management development training 
seminars for businesses, 
community groups and 
educational organizations. She and 
her husband, Alan D. Sloan, have 
three children, Ariel, age 14, Elan, 
age 10, and AJiza, age 7. Randi 
Hereld Stein and David E. Stein 
report that their daughter, Mikhal 
Stein '92, was graduated cum laude 
from Brandeis University in May 
1992 while daughter, Maya Stein, 
is a junior at Brandeis. Gila Svirsky 
lives in Jerusalem and is editor of 
Women in Black newsletter, chair 
of B'Tselem (advocating human 
rights in occupied areas) and is on 
the national board of the New 
Israel Fund. C. Jeremy Sykes has 
begun year seven as 
superintendent for i 
the Board of Cooperative 
Educational Services of Nassau 
County, Long Island, NY. He is 
responsible for 27 cooperative 
instructional enrichment programs 
shared among the county's 56 
school districts, but fears that 
some of the best programs— a 
summer arts academy, a marine 
biology/oceanography program, a 

Brandeis Review 


foreign language immersion — may 
be phased out. His wife, Susan, has 
a new job in public relations while 
daughter, Cindy, has begun a 
doctoral program in psychology. 
Mark D. Szuchman and Lenore 
Panzer Szuchman are proud to 
report that their daughter, Paula, 
entered Brandeis in the fall as a 
member of the class of 1996. They 
live in Miami, where he is 
professor and chair of the history 
department at Florida 
International University and she is 
assistant professor of psychology at 
Barry University. Philip M. Tankel 
lives in Philadelphia where he and 
his wife, Barbara, are 
psychologists. His children are 
Tamara, age 11, and Elia, age 7. 
Sarah Tarko-Rabinowitz is a 
trainer and consultant to college 
faculty advisors and counselors at 
Westchester Community College 
in Valhalla, NY. She has two sons, 
ages 1 1 and 9, and enjoys living in 
New York City and making trips 
to upstate New York. ludith S. 
Tellerman, Ph.D., a clinical 
psychologist widely known for her 
rk in teen suicide prevention. 

graphic designer doing corporate 
collateral materials for many large 
companies and as a software 
trainer, she has traveled 
extensively to locations such as 
Australia, Indonesia and the South 
Pacific as well as published her 
ovra book on software training 
entitled Using Aldus PageMaker. 
In addition, she became a 

Weiser Wendel received her M.A, 
from Boston University and M.F.A. 
from the University of Iowa, both 
in creative writing, and is 
completing her third novel. She 
and her husband. Dr. Isadore 
Wendel, live in North Hollywood, 
CA, with their 4-year-old son, 
Nathan. She reports that she 
recently visited Brandeis and 
Boston for the first time in 20 
years. Ellen J. Winner has her own 
law practice in New York where 
she lives with her husband, David, 
a legal aid lawyer, and their two 
sons, loel, age 7, and Sam, age 4. 
Eric Yoffie is vice president of the 

has developed a public/private 
partnership. Solutions Unlimited 
Now (SUN), for groups in which 
teens learn to solve their problems 
with the help of adult leaders. 
Funded primarily through the 
Illinois Department of Mental 
Health and Developmental 
Disabilities, the program has 
received support from corporations 
and from such well-known stars as 
Michael lackson, Bruce 
Springsteen and Whitney Houston. 
The program is being piloted m 
New York, Indiana, Virginia, 
Massachusetts and Illinois. 
Andrew J. Thurnauer has owned 
Spenser's Mystery Bookshop on 
Newbury Street in Boston for the 
past 10 years David Traktman is a 
senior vice president at the Ogilvy 
and Mather advertising agency in 
New York. Daniel H. Vogel is an 
ear, nose and throat surgeon in 
Wellesley, MA, and has five 
children. Eda A. Warren runs her 
own business. Desktop Publishing 
Services, Inc., in Chicago. As a 

Union of American Hebrew 
Congregations and director of the 
Commission on Social Action of 
Reform ludaism. Marc J. Zaudcrer, 
D.M.D. maintains a general 
dentistry practice in North 
Chelmsford, MA, and was elected 
to serve as president of the Central 
New England Dental Research 
Group for 1993-94. He and his 
wife, loan Atlas, an attorney 
practicing m Boston, live in 
Arlington, MA, with their 
daughter, Rachel, age ,S, and 
newborn son, Joel. 


Mark L. Kaufman, Class 
Correspondent, 28 Devens Road, 
Swampscott, MA 01907-2014 

nder and 
IS For 


Learn 1 

Jonathan Bark 

dimensional media and consulting 
services to large corporations, 
government agencies and nonprofit 


Marc L. Eisenstock, Class 
Correspondent, Plastics Unlimited 
Inc., 80 Winter Street, Worcester, 
MA, 01604 

Thomas E. Flaherty was appointed 
a permanent music faculty 
member at Pomona College in 
Claremount, CA. A noted cellist 
and composer, he appears with the 
Almont Ensemble on Klavier 
Records' release of his quintet, 
"Good Times," on several radio 
stations and at colleges and 
universities. Steve Vineburg's 
book. Method ActoTs: Three 
Generations of an American 
Acting Style, has won the annual 
A. Callaway Prize for the Best 
Book on Drama, sponsored by 
New York University. Vineburg is 
associate professor of theater at the 
College of the Holy Cross, 

Steven Vmebetg 

Worcester, MA. He is working on 
another film book. No Surprises. 
Please: Movies in the Reagan Era. 
Rabbi Avi B. Winokur moved from 
the Hartford, CT, area to become 
rabbi of the reconstructionist West 
End Synagogue on the Upper West 
Side of New York City, while his 
wife, Susan, is a Ph.D. candidate in 
lewish studies at Yale University. 

Paula L. Scheer, Class 
Correspondent, 133 Park Street, 
Brookline, MA 02146 

Deborah Gaines is vice president 
of portfolio management of small 

Shawmut Bank and lives with her 
partner, lane Morgenstern, m 
Boston, MA, Richard J. Walsh has 

Llian.i;ed law firms and is with 
I .illitv, Kellev Si McDowell in 
M.iiichcster, NH, where he 
sjucLilizes in plaintiffs' personal 
iiiiurv cases. He and his wife, 
Carol, sav that their two sons, R.I., 
3 ' :, and Stephen, I '-2 , are the true 
light ot then lives. 


Elizabeth Sarason Pfau, Class 
Correspondent, 80 Monadnock 
Road, Chestnut Hill, MA 02167 

Rebecca R. Dersimonian is a 

mathematical statistician at the 
National Institutes of Health in 
Bethesda, MD, and she and her 
husband, Gamik Shahiman, are 
enjoying their newborn son, 
Simon. Superior Court ludge foette 
Katz Rubin was nominated by 
Connecticut Governor Lowell P. 
Weicker Ir. to fill a vacant seat on 
the state Supreme Court. If 
approved by the General 
Assembly, she would be one of the 
youngest appointees ever to 
Connecticut's highest court and 
only the second woman. Lois L. 
Krieger was graduated summa cum 
laude from Syracuse University 
College of Law in May 1992 and is 
clerking for the Supreme Court of 
New Jersey. Ralph C. Martin II 
was appointed District Attorney 
for Suffolk County by 
Massachusetts Governor William 
F, Weld. Previously, he was an 
attorney with the Boston firm of 
Stern, Shapiro, Rosenfeld & 
Weissberg and served as assistant 
United States attorney during the 
mid 1980s. He was also 
cocoordinator of the 1992 Brandeis 
Minority Alumni Network 
Reunion. Sakda Prangpatanpon is 
living m Thailand with his wife 
and daughter and is vice president 
till international affairs at Burapha 
University. Roger P. Weissberg, his 
w lie, Stephanie Wright, and their 
two children, Elizabeth, age 5, and 
Ted, age 2, moved to the Chicago 
area where he is a psychology 
professor at the University of 
Illinois at Chicago. His work 
involves the designing and 
evaluation of school and 
community-based programs to 
prevent substance abuse, high-risk 
sexual behavior and delinquency. 



Child's Name 


Marc I. Zauderer 

Joel Herbert 

January 31, 1992 


Deborah Gaines 


May 6, 1992 

Andrew N. Krinsky 


July 3, 1992 


Deborah Popkin Schuster 

Cole Michael 

January 30, 1992 


Joel Lamm 

Jenna Lauren 

June 14, 1992 

Robin D. Wiener 

Sarah liana 

August 23, 1992 


Lori H. Lefkovitz 

Samara Esther 

February 23, 1992 


Brenda Hard Ecsedy 

Rhiannon Jean 

April 2, 1992 


Mitchell Abramson 

Jason Lewis 

March 9, 1990 

Jennifer Michelle 

February 15, 1992 


Marianne Pollack Dobin 


July 21, 1990 


August 19, 1992 

Toni Lenz Tinberg and 

Miriam Edith 

July 24, 1992 

Howard B. Tinberg, Ph.D. '82 


Karen Binder Ney and 
Victor Binder Ney '81 


April 4, 1992 

David M. Silver 

Joshua Allon 

July 11, 1992 


Jennifer Berday 

Sarah Arielle 

September 28, 1991 

Teo Bigman 

Maxwell Samuel 

February 26, 1992 

Susan Rubin Borison and 

Jeremy Samuel 

March 26, 1992 

Daniel I. Borison 

Janet Lee Casler 


March 2, 1992 

Steven M. Fairorth 


December 28, 1988 


January 29, 1991 

Michael B. Friedland 

Avital Batsheva 

December 31, 1991 

Ellie Roher Golden 

Julie Amanda 

March 19, 1992 

Beth Lang Golub 


May 23, 1992 

Suzanne Barton Grant and 

Nicole Jaclyn 

September, 1991 

Stuart Grant '82 

Karen D. Gruskin 


July 7, 1992 

Linda Frank Haltman 

Samantha Morgan 

April 24, 1990 

Ari H. Jaffe 

Sarah Bracha 

April 19, 1992 

Lance Kawesch 

Natan Eliezer 

June 6, 1991 

Rabbi David C. Levy 

Joshua Daniel 

July 30, 1992 

Rose Anne Nadasi 

Paul Joshua 

June 23, 1992 

Diane Cohen Nataf 


October 2, 1990 

Stephen Rabinowitz 

Rachel Lauren 

July 24, 1992 

Robert B. Saper 

Shoshana Mira 

October 1, 1991 

Donna Weinzimer Seife 


October 1990 

Deborah Bornstein Sosebee 

Hannah Leah 

March 12, 1992 

Lisa Robinson Taylor 

Ellen Charlotte 

February 27, 1992 

Mary Tragert-Toropov and 

Stephen William 

August 4, 1992 

Brandon Toropov 

Donna S. Tucker-Butler 

Benjamin Nathaniel 

July 4, 1992 

lodi Feldman Traub 

Erica Gillian 

August 30, 1990 

Leah Weintraub 

Aaron Jacob Adams 

March 26, 1991 


Michele Jacobson and 
Andrew Burstiner '85 

Daniel Abraham 

June 12, 1992 

Alan N. Light 

Daniel Hams 

April 11, 1992 

Carol Waxman 

Ari Barak 

October 11, 1991 


Michael D. Chartock and 
Ada Amy Kolko-Chartock 

Beniamm Louis 

March 23, 1992 

Leah Tsacoyeanes Price 

Rebecca Lynn 

April 10, 1992 

Ellen Baker Weiss and 

Lindsey Ilyssa 

June 21, 1992 

L. Michael Weiss, M.D. '84 


Ronit Adini 

Shin Adini Scott 

July 4, 1992 


Dawn M. Nathanson and 
Michael J. Nathanson 

Ariel Elyssa 

January 9, 1992 


Eleanor Chissick Smagarinsky Yana Rose 

October 21, 1991 

Leslie Penn, Class Correspondent, 
Marshall Leather Finishing, 43-45 
Wooster Street, New York, NY 

Larry R. Brown joined the 
Arcturus Pharmaceutical 
Corporation in Woburn, MA, as 
director of formulation 
development. He has experience in 
polymer-based and transdermal 
drug delivery systems and has held 
senior research and development 
positions with Enzytech, Harbor 
Medical Devices and Moleculon. 


Beth Pearlman Rotenberg, Class 
Correspondent, 2743 Dean 
Parkway, Minneapolis, MN 55416 

Harvey P. Blank is an 

environmental attorney with the 
United States Department of the 
Interior and the recipient of a 
performance award for outstanding 
work in 1991-92. Lois Coats 
Brown married David W. Brown in 
1984 and they reside in 
Bellingham, MA, with their two 
children, Rachel Melissa, age 6, 
and Chelsey Elizabeth, age 3. Janet 
E. Cohen received the 1992-93 
Ann M. Harrahill Scholarship at 
Rutgers University School of Law. 
The award is presented annually to 
female Rutgers-Camden law 
students displaying academic 
excellence. Now in her final year 
at Rutgers, she is a dean's list 
scholar and also was the recipient 
of the Charles Richter Memorial 
Scholarship in 1990 and 1991. 
Robert S. Frank has recently left 
his position as vice president of 
trade finance at DC Bank in New 
York to cofound a U.S. -Russian 
jointly-owned international 
consulting firm. The company. 
New Alliance Corporation, will 
trade, project and 
advisory support for 
U.S. companies seeking to 
undertake business transactions in 
the Commonwealth of 
Independent States. He welcomes 
calls from alumni who have an 
interest m the C.l.S. Darrell 
Hayden was appointed executive 
director of Landor Associates, an 
international identity management 
and design consulting firm 

headquartered in San Francisco. 
His work includes major corporate 
identity and design projects for 
clients such as Hyatt Hotels, 
DuPont, Visa, U.S. Sprint, GE, 
Coca-Cola, the Atlanta Committee 
for the Olympic Games and MGM. 
Victoria J. Kanrek completed her 
LL.M. in taxation at New York 
University School of Law and is an 
attorney in the Manhattan District 
Counsel office of the Internal 
Revenue Service. Beth Pearlman 
Rotenberg was promoted to senior 
producer at WCCO-TV in 
Minneapolis when the station was 
acquired by CBS. She produces 
news stories and is in charge of the 
production of the Sunday morning 
broadcast of "Moore on Sunday." 
Her husband, Mark B. Rotenberg, 
was named general counsel of the 
University of Minnesota system. 
He was chosen after a nationwide 
search and left his partnership at 
the Minneapolis law firm of 
Dorsey &. Whitney. Harvard 
Business School Professor David B. 
Yoffie, was appointed to the Board 
of Overseers of the Lemberg 
Program by Brandeis President 
Samuel Thier. Gary D. Zaetz 
served as Raleigh, NC, area 
director of the successful campaign 
to preserve the pro-life plank of the 
Republican Party platform. 


Fred Berg, Class Correspondent, 
150 East 83rd Street, Apt. 2C, New 
York, NY 10028 

Lori H. Lefkovitz is an associate 
professor of English at Kenyon 
College, and on sabbatical this 
year. She has just moved to 
Columbus, OH, with her husband, 
Leonard Gordon, and daughters, 
Ronya, age 5, and Samara, age 9 
months. Edwin W. Maltzman 
received an M.B.A. in finance from 
New York University and is a 
certified public accountant and 
accounting manager with Jardine 
Insurance Brokers in New York 


Valerie Troyansky, Class 
Correspondent, 210 West 89th 
Street #6C, New York, NY 10024 

James Cataldo is a financial 
economist at the Federal Home 
Loan Bank of Boston. lerome 
Hoberman has been working in 
Hong Kong since the fall of 1991 as 
a lecturer and orchestra director at 
Hong Kong Baptist College. He 
was a guest conductor of the Hong 
Kong Sinfonietta and is music 
director of the Hong Kong Bach 
Choir. He invites all classmates 
who are ever in East Asia to stop 
by and visit. Linda R. Alpert joined 

58 Brandeis Review 

the board of directors of Little 
Angels Day Care Center in Rye, 
NY, which her sons, Jeffrey Alan 
Karell and Daniel, attend. Eric D. 
Cohen and his wife, Robin Katz, 
moved to a new house in West 
Hartford, CT, after their marriage 
last year. Stephanie Husik is 
married to child psychiatrist 
Douglas Tebor, and began a Ph.D. 
program in psychology at George 
Washington University. 


Lisa Gelfand, Class Corresponde 
19 Winchester Street #404, 
Brookline, MA 02146 

Harriet Gimpel i 

for the New Israel Fund in 
lerusalem. She and her husband, 
Erez Zuck, have moved into their 
new home in the community of 
Makkabim, inside the green hne. 
Craig D. Lapin, M.D. moved from 
Texas to Middletown, CT, where 
he is an assistant professor at the 
University of Connecticut 
Department of Pediatrics in 
Farmington. He lives with his 
wife, Anne, and two great children, 
Sarah, age 2, and Ian, age 10 
months. Dia L. Michels is living in 
Washington, D.C. with her 
daughter Akaela, age 3. Her first 
book, A VJ Oman's Guide to Yeast 
Infections, written with Dr. 
Naomi Baumslag, was published 
this summer by Pocket Books. She 
is working on several other books 
for adult and children's markets. 
Robert I. Rubin published an 
article entitled "Administrative 
Agency Records Can Help the 
Defense" in the luly 1992 issue of 
For The Defense^ 


Matthew B. Hills, Class 
Correspondent, 1 6 Harcourt, Apt 
3E, Boston, MA 021 16 

Marianne Pollack Dobin has been 
in the mommy business since she 
left her job in health 
administration two years ago with 
the birth of her sons. Marc, in 
1990, and Roger, in 1992. She'll dig 
those suits and pumps out of the 
closet someday, but for now she's 
enjoying her new role. Pamela S. 
Rosenthal has been named 
publicity and promotion manager 
at Golden Books. She and her new 
husband. Dr. Sinai Davis, spent 
their honeymoon in Israel and 


Ellen Cohen, Class Correspondent, 
145 15th Street #318, Atlanta, GA 

David M. Silver has begun his 
third year as director of the Hillel 
Foundation at the University of 
Connecticut. Following the birth 
of her second child, Nancy Lerner 
Stein returned to work in the new 

position of senior editor/ 
aquisitions attorney at the New 
York Law Publishing Co. m New 
York City, publisher of the New 
York Law Journal and the 
National Law fournal She and her 
husband, David, and daughters 
Rebecca, age 4, and Debra Shira, 
age 7 months, are living in North 
Bellmore, Long Island, where they 
had a visit from fellow classmate, 
Tracy A. Schiff, when she visited 
from California. 


Eileen Isbitts Weiss, Class 
Correspondent, 456 9th Street #30, 
Hoboken, NJ 07030 

Asa D. Adier is a vice president at 
Chase Manhattan Bank and 
marketing director for the Florida 
region. Michael Araiz is a general 
partner at M.J. Whitman and 
Company where his 
responsibilities include running 
the trading and investments of the 
firm, mutual funds and clients' 
monies. He is included in Marquis 
Who 's Who of Finance and 
Industry 1992-93 and is married to 
Sandra Ramirez '85. Robert Baker, 
M.D. is completing a fellowship in 
neuro-ophthalmology and eyelid 
surgery at the University of 
Minnesota following a residency at 
the Mayo Clinic. He plans to start 
a practice in New Rochelle, NY, 
while his wife, Julie, will begin an 
eye, ear, nose and throat surgery 
residency in New York City. 
lennifer Betday is working part- 

homecare department of the 
Medical Center at Princeton. 
Lilian Bier attended Lewis &. Clark 
Law School where she was a 
member of the Law Review. She is 
practicing law in Beaverton, OR, 
primarily as a family law and 
personal injury litigator. After 
graduating from Boston University 
School of Law in 1986, Jerrold H. 
Blair has spent the last two years 
in New York City where he is vice 
president for pop promotion with 
Columbia Records. Mark S. 
Blumberg received his Ph.D. in 
biopsychology in 1988 from the 
University of Chicago and spent 
the last four years as a research 
associate at Indiana University. He 
is looking forward to working next 
fall as assistant professor of 
psychology at the University of 
Iowa in Iowa City. Barry J. Bonder 
moved to Woodbury, NY, with his 
new wife, Dawn, and is a vice 
president with In-Touch 
Management Systems, a software 
company in the paging industry. 
Gary S. Cohen (a.k.a. Tater) was 
graduated from Northwestern's 

Kellogg Business School in 
Chicago in 1988 and lives in 
Boston's South End with Edmund 
J. Connor. He works in marketing 
at Gillette where he is product 
manager for Right Guard 
deodorant. Oren Cohen, M.D. is in 
his second year of a research 
fellowship at the National 
Institute of Allergy and Infectious 
Diseases. His wife, Maria Ward, 
M.D. '83, was selected as chief 
fellow in her child and adolescent 
psychiatry fellowship at George 
Washington's Children's National 
Medical Center and is a candidate 
for the Baltimore-Washington 
psychoanalytic Institute. Diane 
Cohen Nataf lives with her 
husband. Rabbi Francis Nataf, in 
Indianapolis, where he runs the 
Yeshiva high school and she takes 
care of their son, Yoel, and teaches 
adult education. After earning an 
M.B.A. m marketing from New 
York University's Stein School of 
Business, Pamela Faivus 
Coleman's career turned to her 
first love, music. She worked for J. 
Wintworth Associates as an artist 
manager for two years and is now 
working with the Fairfield 
Orchestra. She and her husband, 
Mike, bought their first house in 
Connecticut. Maria R. Davila and 
Brian Shea '80 settled in Maynard, 
MA, with their three daughters. 
She is employed by Digital 
Equipment Corporation in 
Marlboro where she is a senior 
software engineer at the Artificial 
Intelligence Technology Center. 
The board of directors of the 
Norfolk and Dedham Mutual Fire 
Insurance Company and the West 
Newbury Mutual Fire Insurance 
Company announced the 
appointment of Timothy J. Del 
Grande as assistant vice president 
in the underwriting division. He is 
also enrolled in an M.B.A. program 
at the Carroll School of 
Management, Boston College. 
Rhonda Held Duplet is practicing 
personal injury law and has had 
her own practice since 1987. Her 
husband, David, is president of 
David Paul Advertising, Inc. (oan 
Teich Fagan practices law with 
Geltner & Associates in 
Washington, DC. She and her 
husband purchased a house in 
Gaithersburg, MD, and are 
enjoying being homeowners. 
Steven M. Fairorth is a hospice 
social worker and a part-time 
mobile disc jockey. He lives with 
his wife, Kathy, and two children 
m Pennsylvania. Randall S. 
Feingold was graduated magna 
cum laude from the Albany 
Medical College of Union 
University in 1987, and was 
elected to Alpha Omega Alpha. He 
is completing a general surgery 
residency at New York University 
where he is chief resident in 
trauma surgery at Bellevue 

Hospital. He is looking forward to 
his fellowship in plastic surgery at 
Albert Einstein Hospital. After 
living in New York and Paris, 
Stuart N. Feinhor completed his 
M.A. in counseling psychology at 
the California Institute of Integral 
Studies in San Francisco. He is a 
rabbinic student at the Hebrew 
Union College, Los Angeles 
campus. Mark A. Feldman left the 
Big Apple after five years with 
Shearson Lehman Brothers and 
E.F. Hutton, and settled in Venice 
Beach, steps from "Muscle Beach." 
He reports that representing the 
United States in his capacity at the 
U.S. Attorney's Office is fun and 
satisfying. Alejandro J. Ferdman is 
an interior general contractor in 
Puerto Rico and is happily married 
to Risa Libman. Felicia H. Figa, 
M.D. is a pediatric cardiology 
fellow at The Hospital for Sick 
Children in Toronto. Since 
graduating from Harvard Law 
School in 1988, Rachel H. Fox has 
worked as a music lawyer at two 
large Los Angeles law firms. She is 
managing musicians, one of whom 
is signed to Warner Brothers 
Records and another of whom 
appeared in Bugsy and is being 
courted by several record labels. 
She also practices music law for a 
handful of clients and is happy to 
announce that her career permits 
her to work at home. Diane 
Ginzberg Frank is group marketing 
director of all consumer magazines 
at Walt Disney Magazine 
Publishing, Inc. in New York City. 
Michael B. Friedland was ordained 
at the Jewish Theological 
Seminary in 1990 and is rabbi of 
Moses Montefiore Synagogue in 
Appleton, WI. Guy Glass 
completed his residency at the 
Institute of Pennsylvania Hospital 
in Philadelphia and is practicing 
psychiatry in New York City. 
Since her graduation from 
Wharton (M.B.A. '89), Suzanne 
Barton Grant has been a senior 
portfolio manager with Strategic 
Investment Services. Her husband, 
Stuart Grant '82, was graduated 
from New York University Law 




Skadden Arps in Wilmington, PA. 
Fred O. Goldberg and his wife, Rita 
Goldman '80, are in Miami where 
he IS an aviation attorney with the 
law offices of Jerry Dale. Beth Lang 
Golub relocated to New York City 
after spending four years m 
Pittsburgh. She is working as an 
acquisitions editor at John Wiley 
& Sons. After finishu ^ 
medicine residency at the 
University of Pittsburgh in 1991, 
Seth Gottlieb is on a pulmonary 
fellowship at Boston University. 
Previously, he worked as a staff 
physician at the University of 
Pittsburgh's Associated Veterans 


59 Winter 1993 

Administration Medical Center. 
Karen D. Gruskin completed a 
residency in pediatrics at 
Childiens Hospital of Boston. 
Robin Hornik Panitz and (on 
Parritz '82 live with their two 
children, An, age 5, and Adam, age 
1, in St. Paul, MN. She is an 
assistant professor of psychology at 
Hamline University and he is an 
attorney in the litigation 
department of Maslon, Edelman, 
Borman &. Brand in Minneapolis. 
Ari H. (affe serves on many 

including the Brandeis Alumni 
Association Board of Directors, the 
Cleveland Brandeis Alumni 
Admissions Council, Cleveland 
Jewish News and the lewish 
Community Center. His law 
practice is going very well and he 
and his wife, Marlyn, had their 
first child, Sarah, in April 1992. 
After graduating from Stanford 
Business School (MB. A. '88|, Mary 
Jassim Bellack married lohn 
Bellack and they hou,ght their first 
home, which the\' are planning to 
cnmpkulv remodel she l^ .1 
prndua man.i'^e. I.n Lli Lillvjnd 
i^uiiMMiii:, III. Ill I .ilitMini.i. David 
M. K.iiilni '. , . . ,i I M A in 

Computei ill I i.inuni^li.un, MA. 
HeandhisuiK l.aiira Salomons 
'85, recenth puKli..-e.l their first 
home in Sharon, MA. In Fehruary, 
1992, he had a recording session in 
New York City with Daniel B. 
Bernstein '83 and Leonard A. 
Potter '83. Lois T. Kaplan lives in 
Delray Beach and is religion writer 
for The Pnhn Beach Post in West 
Palm Beach, Florida. Stuart S. 
Kaplan, M.D. attended medical 
school at George Washington 
University and is completing his 
residency in radiology at UCLA 
Medical Center. He looks forward 
to a fellowship in mammography, 
hecinnini; in lulv 1993. His wife, 
Si.h I i:i.i > liil.lii n, Justin Michael, 
J . . w Brian, age 1, arc 

V. ,, (,.ili I), kaulman lives in 
Mauliauan, . teeived her M.B.A. 
from Columbia and is director of 
the NYC Housing Partnership, a 
nonprofit organization that 
develops affordable housing in 

becoming an avid bicyclist and 

Lawrence D. Kaufman celebrated 
his fifth wedding anniversary to 
Ragnhildur Hjartardottir. He 

finished a three-year tenure as U.S. 
director of a French 
pharmaceutical company and is 
now active in real estate 
management. He competes in 
bicycle races and is looking 
forward to the 10th reunion. Roger 
Koreen is practicing dermatology 

in Huntington, NY, where he lives 
with his wife. Amy, and their 1- 
year-old son, Jason. Since receiving 
an M.B.A. in international 
business policy from McGill 
University in 1987, Thomas W. 
Lehman worked in the San 
Francisco otfice of Union Bank of 
Switzerland before transferring to 
Zurich to work in private banking. 
David E. Lewis received a Ph.D. in 
political science and international 
relations from the University of 
Pennsylvania in 1990 and was 
appointed assistant secretary of 
state for Caribbean development in 
the Puerto Rico Department of 
State in March 1992. Lisa L Lipson 
is practicing family law in a solo 
practice in Phoenix. iWark S. Lo 
quit his iob as managing editor of 
Music Retailing; magazine and is 
on the road, with the goal of 
hitting all 48 contiguous states. 
Pearl Tendler iMattenson is the 
eastern states education director 
for the Anti-Defamation League 
and IS living in a new home with 
her husband, Eric D. iHattenson 
'81 Carrie B. Miller is an associate 
producer working on features and 


cable and t 


workmc I i ' -i in New 

YorkCiiN ii I ■:• iditoron 

the Ron il. I ' ; • .ind 

Away KaihUrn \1 Mnitis 

psychul.i' Mirks 

part-tniK i. : , . ■ i .uicy 
doing faniiK lmuii r\ .ilu.itinns and 
seeing pmaieLlKiUs Clotilde T. 
Moyno ha^ pui i.i>;li1ili her own 
acting company in Pans where she 
IS an actress. The fust production 
was a play she wrote based on a 
Russian folktale. David J. Muller is 
running Muller's Meats, a family 
business in Niagara Falls, Canada, 
that sells meat to McDonalds, 
Wendy's and Burger King 
restaurants across the northeast 
seaboard. He lives with his wife, 
Joyce, and their two children, 
Jacob, age 3, and Rachel, age 1 . 
William M. Portnoy completed his 
residency in otolaryngology/head 
and neck surgery at the New York 
Eye and Ear Infirmary and is 
working on a one-year fellowship 
in microvascular and 
reconstructive siirgcn,' m 
Pittsbuiuli r\ Ir.i .'Ma 
O.D. is.i , 


Woodh.a. I, -.1 11. imiIm, vision at 
the Helen Keller Services for the 
Blind in Brooklyn, NY. He lives in 
Bayside, NY, with his wife. Amy 
Price '84, and son, Joshua. Chris D. 
Rhomberg is studying toward a 
Ph.D. m sociology at the 
University of California at 
Berkeley. He received a four year 

Regents Intern Fellowship and 
plans to do historical research on 
ethnicity, class and race in 
Oakland. Steven E. Rosen is vice 
president of Young and Rubicam, a 
New York advertising agency. 
Jonathan D. Rosenfeld became a 
junior partner at the Boston law 
firm of Hale and Dorr where he 
practices labor and employment 
law. Jeffrey N. Rosensweig is 
completing a year's residency in 
general pediatrics, and is looking 
forward to a fellowship in pediatric 
gastroenterology. Marcus G. 
Rothenberg has a fellowship in 
immunological and hematological 
diseases of children at Children's 
Hospital in Boston. After five years 
of fighting and helping to win the 
Cold War while working at the 
CIA, David S. Rubin is a 
c.insultant with Booz, Allen & 
Ilaniilton in Washington, DC. He 
livci in Maryland and has enjoyed 
traveling through the Far East, the 
Middle East and Europe. Ronald L. 
Rubin received an M.B.A. from the 
University of Chicago in 1985, a 
J.D. from the University of 
Pennsylvania in 1991 and is 
deputy district attorney in Los 
Angeles Robert B. Saper is chief 
resident in family practice at San 
Francisco General Hospital where 
he lives with his wife, Ruth, and 
daughter, Shoshana. Donna 
Weinzimer Seife and her husband, 
Darrel, live on the Upper West 
Side in Manhattan with their 
daughter, Danielle, age 2. He is an 
attorney specializing in pollution 
cases and she is director of 
strategic planning at DDB 
Needham, a New York advertising 
agency. Richard Shear was 
graduated from Life Chiropractic 
College and is practicing 
chiropractics in Lowell, MA. Susan 
Shoenfeld joined the law firm of 
Ballard, Spahr, Andrews & 
Ingersoll in Philadelphia where she 
has developed an institutional 
investing practice, specializing in 
all aspects of the investment and 
management of pension fund 
assets, particularly real estate. 
Gary R. Silverman received his 
J.D. from Northwestern 
University's School of Law and his 
M.B.A. from the University of 
Chicago's Graduate School of 
Business. He is practicing law in 
Chicago at Kirkland & Ellis, where 
he specializes in venture capital, 
leveraged buyouts and mergers and 
acquisitions. His wife, Suzy, is also 
an attorney. Stetanie Singer and 
her husband live in Rochester, NY. 
They enjoy hiking and completed a 
93-mile trail around Mount Ranier 
in Washington state. After four 
years in New York, Deborah 
Bornstein Sosebee and her husband 
have moved to California with 
their newborn daughter. Tammy S. 
Starr and her husband, Arthur E. 
Fleischmann '84, are living m 
Toronto with their 2-year-old son. 

Matthew. She is a senior product 
manager with General Foods and 

Backer Spielvogel Bates 
Advertising, Lisa Robinson Taylor 
lives in England and is self- 
employed, designing furnishings 
and teaching needlecrafts from her 
home and giving demonstrations 
on the subject to local women's 
groups. Brandon Toropov is 
coauthor of Banned: Classical 
Erotica and editorial vice president 
at the Bob Adams, Inc. publishing 
company. He lives in Middleton, 
MA, with his wife, Mary Tragert- 
Toropov, and their two sons. Susan 
Vosko will be completing her 
residency in obstetrics and 
gynecology at Albert Einstein 
College of Medicine and is joining 
a private practice in Brewster, NY. 
Jane Chollick Waggoner lives in 
Dallas, TX, with her husband. Jay, 
and daughter, Mageline. She was 
graduated from Southern 
Methodist University in 1985 with 
an M.B.A. and an M.A. Leah 
Weintraub is completing her M.Ed, 
in mathematics and teaches 
secondary math (prealgehra 
through precalculus|. She and her 
husband, Greg, a vice president for 
Texas Commerce Baucshares, are 
enjoying life with their young son, 
Aaron. Eileen Isbitts Weiss has 
been program director and 
convention director for the United 
Synagogue of Conservative 
Judaism in New York for the past 
six years. Her husband, Larry, and 
she are pleased to celebrate the 
first anniversary of the opening of 
their business, Mail Express and 
More, a packing and card and gift 
store in Jersey City, NJ. She is also 
serving as co-president of the New 
Jersey chapter of the Brandeis 
Alumni Association. Loren 
Reisner Weisman is adjusting to 
small town life in Fredericksburg, 
VA, where she lives with her 
husband. Rabbi Steve Weisman 
'82, and works in a rare bookstore. 
Sandra Weitz, M.D. finished her 
residency in anesthesiology at the 
University of California, San 
Francisco, and is doing an acute 
pain fellowship at UCSF, where 
she plans to join the faculty of the 
Department of Anesthesia. 
Richard Wollman received his 
M.A. and M.Phil, degrees in 
English literature from Columbia 
University and is working toward 
his Ph.D. He is a visiting professor 
of renaissance literature at Boston 
College. He and his wife, 
Adrierme, live in Brookline, MA. 
Jay L. Zagotsky lives in Boston 
with his wife, Kim, and two sons, 
Joshua and Benjamin. He received 
his Ph.D. in economics and 
teaches part-time at Boston 

60 Brandeis Review 


Marcia Book, Class Correspondent, 
301 East 92nd Street, #2 A, New 
York, NY 10128 

Steven E. Bizar and his wife, Lisa, 
moved to Philadelphia, PA, where 
he IS an attorney with 
Montgomery, McCracken, Walter 
& Rhoads. Debra L. Green was 
graduated from the University of 
California at Berkeley's Boalt Hall 
School of Law in 1990 and is a 
research attorney for the 
Honorable James Meyers, Chief 
Judge of the United States 
Bankruptcy Court for the Southern 
District of California. Sonia Lee- 
Pointeau and her husband, 
Bertrand, both received M.B.A. 
degrees from the Wharton School, 
University of Pennsylvania. After a 
year and a half in the Boston area, 
they transferred with their 
respective companies to Pans, 
where she is brand manager for 
Procter & Gamble's French 
division and would love to hear 
from fellow Brandeisians in the 
area. Alan N. Light Joined the 
technical staff of EJV Partners in 
New York City while his wife, 
Lori Reckson-Light, returned to 
work at Merrill Lynch following 
her maternity leave. Julie F. 
Merkelson received an M.B.A. 
from New York University and is 
an investment analyst in the 
mortgage and real estate division 
at TL«iA-CREF while her husband, 
Andrew, is a CPA at American 
Express Travel Related Services. 
Sarah Obrant is marketing 
manager for a computer consulting 
company in the New York and 
Philadelphia area. She and her 
husband, Peter Martin, reside in 
Wynnewood, PA. Neil G. Pinsker 
is manager of the New Jersey 
operational consulting practice of 
Aj-thur Andersen & Co., helping 
companies define and execute 
their marketing and sales 
strategies. Randy Sklaver has 
retired from the practice of law 
and is using her art history degree 
while working in a bookstore in 
San Francisco and writing short 
stories. Carol Waxman married 
Major Ricky Abramson of the 
Israeli Defense Forces and reports 
that her younger brother, Michael 
D. Waxman, started Brandeis in 
the fall. 


Dcbra Radlaucr, Class 
Correspondent, 101 West 90th 
Street #19F, New York, NY 10024 

Kristen Petersen Farmelant and 
her husband, Stuart N. Farmelant 
'83, honeymooned in Key West, 
FL, after their wedding/mini- 
Brandcis reunion at which former 
South Street roommates and 
Yehuda Cohen '81 and Ellen Cropp 
Cohen were in attendence. Their 
honeymoon was cut short by a 

day, however, when they 
evacuated to Orlando with the 
approach of Hurricane Andrew. 
The adventure has led Stuart to 
consider naming their first son 
Andrew. Marvin H. Lucas and 
Donald A. Kushner completed 
their residency training in internal 
medicine together. Marvin has 
begun a two-year residency in 
nuclear medicine at the University 
of Cincinnati. Lindsay Millard is a 
marketing assistant for Peabody 
Construction Company in 
mtrce, MA, where she is 

responsible for producing all of the 
firm's marketing, communications 
and new business development 
materials. Previously, she was 
editor of the Hull Reporter, and is 
pursuing a certificate of business 
management at Radcliffe 
Seminars, Harvard University. 
Tracey Newirth is an active 
member of Love Creek 
Productions Repertory Acting 
Company, and is kept very busy 
performing in the Nat Home 
Theater on Theater Row in New 
York Cm '. 1 1 .ili T-,ic.)\eanes Price 
and hti ' i ' ml Price, 

bough I I in-ion, VA, 

and .111 . I Ml wiiorn 

herhuslMiiil, I. A\ich.ul Weiss 84, 
is completing a residciuy in 
internal medicine and will begin a 
fellowship in gastroenterology in 
July at Emorv University Maria L. 
Weitznian lecciveJ he. Ph P in 
English hnm thr llniviisii\ ni 
Virginia in Au.misi ,iiui is tL-.iLliini; 
English at Clineh Valley Collc.i;e in 



lllyse Shindler Habbc, Class 
Correspondent, 89 Turner Street, 
Brighton, MA 02135 

Amy Wasserman Horner and her 

husband, Michael, have moved to 
Marina del Ray, CA, where both 

are beginning psychology 
internships with the Veteran's 
Administration, she in Long Beach 
and he in West Los Angeles. Stacey 
Karlin is a sales representative for 
the Upiohn Company in 
Washington, DC. Richard S. Klein 
received a master's degree in 
Middle East security policy and 
counterterrorism from the 
Georgetown University School of 
National Security Studies and 
joined the Clinton/Gore 
presidential campaign's rapid 
response foreign policy team. 
Rebecca Rae Miller is enioying her 
new attorney position with the 
New York regional office of the 
Office of the Solicitor, United 
States Department of Labor. 

sa B. Newman, Class 
ipondent, 45 East End 
le. Apt. 5H, New York, NY 

lininm HS.A ,in .HlMrtising 
.iKLiio Lisa Curran-Crimp 
honeymooned in Jamaica with her 
new husband, Kevin, foIJowing 
their wedding at which classmates 
Hyacinth Bellerose, Michele 
Steinburg and Elizabeth Dickey 
were in attendence. After teaching 
social studies for three years and 
completing his first book, 
lamestown lourney, Alan N. Kay 
has received a long-awaited 
transfer to the high school. John 
McCarthy and Michelle Hollander 
live in Ann Arbor, Ml, where he is 
beginning a master's program in 
health education at the University 
of Michigan School of Public 
Health and she is a second-year 
doctoral student in developmental 
psychology at the University of 
Michigan, where she received a 
National Science Foundation 
fellowship. Debra R. Schwab is a 
resident in internal medicine at 
Beth Israel Medical Center in New 

Susan Tevelow Feinstem, Class 
Correspondent, 6830 Meadow Oak 
Drive, Bid. #7, Columbus, OH 


Michael J. Abrams was graduated 
from Emory Law School in 1991, is 
living in Kansas City and working 
as an associate at the law firm of 
Goge & Tucker. His wife, Renana 
Miller Abrams '86, is an attorney 
in the Kansas City office of 
Armstrong, Teasdale et al. Rhonda 
Adessky is pursuing a Ph.D. in 
clinical psychology in Montreal, 
Canada. Rachel A. Altura, M.D. 
was graduated from Washingttm 

University School of Medicine and 
is a first-year resident m pediatrics 
at St. Louis Children's Hospital. 
Jed K. Barnum is in his fourth year 
as a press and media relations 
agent for the Boston Symphony 
Orchestra, Boston Pops and 
Tanglewood Orchestra. He hopes 
that fellow classmates will stop by 
and attend a performance at 
Boston's Symphony Hall. Adam J. 
Brauer is working for a sole 
practitioner in New City, NY, 
specialising in criminal and 
matrimonial law and looking to 
expand to entertainment and 
sports law. He also attended the 
wedding of fellow classmate Marci 
Weiser Gelb Jonathan C. Clayfield 
IS pursuing an M.A. in counseling 
psychology at Assumption College 
while working as a graduate 
assistant in the Student 
Development Center. Hugh M. 
Cooper received his Doctor of 
Medicine degree from the 
University of Massachusetts 
Medical School in June 1992, is an 
intern in internal medicine at the 
Newton/Wellesley Hospital and 
will complete his residency in 
ophthalmology at Albany Medical 
Center in Albany, NY. He also 
presented a paper on laser therapy 
for glaucoma at an ophthalmology 
conference in Sarasota, FL, and his 
work been submitted for 
publR.itii.n Flizabeth DeLott'teacherat 
the Chapin School in Manhattan. 
Katee Duffy received an M.A. in 
psychological counseling and spent 
some time living in Southern 
California where she worked with 
emotionally disturbed children in 
a psychiatric treatment center in 
Beverly Hills. She has moved back 
to the Boston area where she is 
doing child and family therapy at a 

active member of the Brandeis 
Alumni Admissions Council. 
Daniel Falcon is in residency 
training in urology at Lenox Hill 
Hospital in New York City. 
Suzanne E. Feldstein and Roger H. 
Frankel had a Brandeis wedding in 
May where a large number of 
fellow classmates and graduates 
from two generations were in 
attendance. Dana E. Flamenbaum 
received her master's in 
psychology from the City College 
of New York and is in her third 
year in a clinical psychology Ph.D. 
program at Case Western Reserve 
University in Cleveland. She and 
her fiance, Andrew Goldstein, 
have moved into their new house 
inrir\-i I, Hill H: i.-ht; Carole 
Zelhuu 111 ml ■ mSt. 

Loiii-, Ml ' - I.. I 

stoL'kl-Mnl . I .Mill piii.uinga 

61 Winter 1993 

graduate degree in finance. Lisa 
Factor Fox was graduated from the 
University of Pennsylvania Law 
School and began working for the 
law firm of Carter, Ledyard & 
Milbum. Nina M. Giannotti-Gross 
received her J.D. from Suffolk Law 
School in May 1991 and was 
graduated from McGeorge School 
of Law in California with a LL.M. 
in transnational business law and a 
LL.M. in private international law 
from the University of Salzburg in 
Austria. She also spent some time 
working for an Italian law firm in 
Rome and has since moved to a 
new home in Zurich, Switzerland, 
with her husband, Peter Luis 
Oskar Gross. David H. Gilbert was 
graduated from New York 
University School of Medicine and 
is a resident in orthopedic surgery 
at New York University Medical 
Center. Wendy S. Goldberg is 
pursuing an M.A. in Jewish 
education and spent the fall in 
Israel. She spends what little free 
time she has playing the guitar and 
plans to return to New York City 
in the spring. Rebecca Goldfader is 
pursuing a master's degree in 
nursing, specializing in women's 
health and working at 
Massachusetts General Hospital in 
gynecology and oncology. Glenn 
A. Goldstein is an attorney at the 
New York City law firm of 
Sherman &. Sterling. Jodi Weiss 
Helper, D.M.D. has begun a 
residency in general dentistry at 
North Shore University Hospital 
in New York City. Esther R. Harris 
was graduated from the Medical 
College of Pennsylvania and is 
pursuing a residency in pediatrics 
at Thomas Jefferson University 
Hospital in Philadelphia. Belinda 
R. Krifcher moved to Washington, 
DC, where she has begun a 
graduate program in clinical 
psychology. Sandi Lieb spent two 
months backpacking through 
Europe and a month driving across 
the United States before moving to 
the San Francisco Bay Area. Roni 
Leff-Kurtz honeymooned in 
Bermuda with her husband, 
Stephen Kurtz, and is living in 
Pittsburgh, PA, and teaching at 
Hillel Academy. Elaine iVI. Moccia 
is a regional marketing associate at 
the Putnam Companies while her 
fiance, Shawn Sullivan, is a vice 
president and commercial real 
estate lender at Fleet Bank in 
Boston. Diane Cohen Madfes was 
graduated from Einstein College of 
Medicine with an M.D. and 
distinction for research work. She 
and her husband, Jason IWadfes '86, 
moved to Milford, CT, where she 
began a medical internship at 
Yale/New Haven Hospital. Adam 
T. Newman, iW.D. and his wife, 
Janine D. Feng, were graduated 
from New York University 
Medical School. They 
honeymooned in Maui and Kauai 

where they ran into fellow 
classmates, Steven Zweibel and 
Beth Fleischman Zweibel, before 
moving to Tucson, AZ, where he 
IS doing his residency in obstetrics 
and gynecology and she in internal 
medicine. Howard Ochs is 
interning in oral and maxillofacial 
surgery m Atlanta, GA. Alan J. 
Reinach is a fourth-year medical 
student, applying to internal 
medicine residency programs. He 
and his wife, Dana B. Perlman '89, 
a nurse/midwifery student at the 
University of Pennsylvania, spent 
their honeymoon in Bermuda and 
live in Philadelphia. Joyce Arruda 
Singer is pursuing a master's 
degree in Jewish education and 
Judaic studies and works as 
religious school coordinator at 
Adas Israel Congregation in 
Washington, DC. She lives in 
Bethesda, MD, and has two sons, 
Elliot, 25, and Seth, 21. Bennett J. 
Solomon has returned to Cornell 
University to complete his M.B.A. 
in Japanese business studies after 
spending a summer internship in 
Japan through the University's 
Johnson Graduate School of 
Management. In addition, after 
graduating from Brandeis, he spent 
two years working for the Board of 
Education in Iwate Prefecture, 
Japan, as a teacher of English. Todd 
Soloway was graduated from 
Cardozo School of Law and is an 
attorney with the law firm of 
Gutman & Gutman in New York 
while his new wife, Andrea Molod 
Soloway '89, is a leasing associate 
with S.L, Green Real Estate Inc., a 
commercial real estate 
development company. Fredrica L. 
Strumpf is a publicist for a popular 
rock/heavy metal band with whom 
she has been touring for two years. 
Deborah G. Wodar was graduated 
from New York University School 
of Medicine in May and has begun 
a residency in internal medicine at 
New York University Hospital. 


Karen L. Gitten, Class 
Correspondent, 35 Crosby Road 
2nd Floor, Newton, MA 02167 

Karen L. Gitten is engaged to be 
married to Michael Gobler after 
the two met playing volleyball at 
the Jewish Community Center. 
Elisabeth D. Jordan is in a MA./ 
Ph.D. program at the University of 
California at Santa Barbara and is 
vice president of academic affairs 
for the Graduate Student 
Association. Bonnie L. Karshbaum 
received a Juris Doctor degree from 
New England School of Law where 
she was a member of the school's 

Law Day Committee. Francine 
Genn Saperstein is pursuing her 
M.S. in health care administration 
at Trinity University in San 
Antonio, TX, while her husband, 
David S. Saperstein, has begun his 
internship in internal medicine at 
Lackland Air Force Base. Mark A. 
Saloman was graduated from the 
University of Pennsylvania School 
of Law and is a law clerk with the 
assignment judge of the New 
Jersey Superior Court in Middlesex 


Judith Libhaber, Class 
Correspondent, 745 North Shore 
Drive, Miami Beach, FL 33141 

Pamela Brock is doing marketing 
for Research magazine in San 
Francisco. Carla I. Fernandez is 
living in Honduras after receiving 
a master's degree in advertising 
and marketing from Emerson 
College. Cindy M. Handler is a 
third-year medical student at the 
University of Massachusetts 
Medical School while her fiance, 
iVlichael J. Steinberg, is a fourth- 
year student at Massachusetts 
College of Pharmacy. Ron JVl. 
Judenberg is a management 
consultant with the Price 
Waterhouse Foundation in New 
York City. Chaim J. Kraisman is 
completing his final year of law 
school at Buffalo University and 
has accepted an associate position 
with the firm of Menter, Rudin & 
Triuelpiece in Syracuse, NY. 
Michelle Lydeen left her position 
as assistant to the director of 
admissions at Brandeis and is an 
•e with an 
;cutive search 
firm. Sales Consultants, a division 
of Management Recruiters 
International Inc. in Savannah, 
GA. After six months at Flag Fen 
Excavations m England, Ymke L. 
Mulder has returned to England to 
pursue an M.S.C. degree in 
environmental archaeology and 
palaeoeconomy at the University 
of Sheffield. Glenn A. Sacks began 
law school at the University of 
Minnesota. Rebecca S. Shargel is 
spending the 1992-93 academic 
year in Jerusalem studying at 
Pardes Institute for Jewish Studies. 


Andrea Kramer, Class 
Correspondent, 5343 Washington 
Street, West Roxbury, MA 02132 

Eileen Nancy Abt is working on 
her master's degree in 
environmental health at the 
Harvard School of Public Health. 
Tamer Anis has moved to 
Montreal where he is pursuing a 
master's program in political 
science. Beth Anderson has 

finished her first year with Teach 
for America. She is working in the 
South Central (Watts) area of Los 
Angeles, at 97th St. Elementary 
School, teaching a bilingual 
kindergarten class that presents 
the most challenging endeavor she 
has ever pursued. She is living 
with Wayne Collette '91. Thomas 
D. Amrine entered Harvard Law 
School in September. Eric S. 
Askanase is employed as a policy 
analyst at the Competitive 
Enterprise Institute, a free-market 
think tank in Washington, DC. He 
does research on the FDA, toxic 
waste, legal and political issues, as 
well as popular culture. His work 
has been published in the 
Washington Times, San Diego 
Union Tribune and Diversity 
Magazine. Jill E. Becker began her 
first year at the University of 
Massachusetts Medical School in 
August 1992. Matthew Breman 
worked for a year at an 
international management 
institute and traveled in Europe. In 
July 1992, he began a two-year 
assignment teaching English to 12- 
20-year-olds in Guinea Bissau with 
the Peace Corps. Carmen F. 
Bumgamer is a bilingual first grade 
teacher in South Central Los 
Angeles, and a graduate student 
working towards certification at 
California State. Tamara Chasan 
completed her first year at the 
Widener University School of Law. 
She was the recipient of an 
American Jurisprudence Award for 
Outstanding Achievement in 
Criminal Law and Procedure, 
spent the summer working as a 
law clerk for a prestigious criminal 
defense attorney and contributed 
to the 1992 version of the 
Pennsylvania Bar Institutes' 
Criminal Law and Trial 
Techniques, an instructional 
handbook for young lawryers. Dara 
Clein spent last year living in 
Connecticut taking premed 
classes. She started her first year at 
the Illinois College of Optometry, 
where she is fulfilling a life-long 
dream. Joshua C. Cohen is in his 
second year at New York College 
of Osteopathic Medicine. Wayne 
Collette IS working as an 
investment banking analyst at 
First Boston Corporation in Los 
Angeles. Lisa Cooper completed 
her first year at Columbia 
University's School of Social Work 
and spent the summer working at 
New York State Psychiatric 
Institute. She attended the 
wedding of Bonnie Kwitkin where 
she was reunited with many fellow 
Brandeisians. Robyn Deeley is in 
her second year in the ecology 
graduate program at San Diego 

62 Brandeis Review 


Avi B. Winokur to Susan M. Berman 

Eric D. Cohen to Robin Katz 

Stephanie Husik to Douglas Tebor 

Pamela S. Rosenthal to Dr. Sinai Davis 

Wesley C. Fedorchak to Carol PassarelU 

Lilian Bier to Eric Bloch 

Barry J. Bonder to Dawn Morgenthal 

Adam Brown to Darlene Marie McClellan 

Fred O. Goldberg to Rita Goldman '80 

Joseph K. Handelman to Emiko Tajima '84 

Steven Leder to Randi London 

Thomas W. Lehmaim to Claudia Piehorsch 

Lisa L Lipson to Robert P, Shanahan 

Rose Anne Nadel to David Todd Nadasi 

Robert B. Saper to Ruth Pans 

Debra L. Green to Jeffrey Garfinkle 

Julie F. Merkelson to Andrew Dermack 

Sarah Obrant to Peter Martin 

Deborah Glickman to William Scher 

David Paris to Deborah Klotz '84 

Jodi Shendell to James Kaye 

Lisa Curran to Kevin Crimp 

Joyce K. Arruda to Cantor Maurice Singer 

Jonathan Clayfield to Donna Alessandrini 

Suzatme E. Feldstein to Roger H. Frankel 

Lisa Factor to Adam M. Fox 

Roni M. Leff to Stephen Kurtz 

Adam Newman, M.D. to Janme Feng, M.D. 

Craig A. Parish to Jane A. Wiener 

Alan J. Reinach to Dana B. Perlman '89 

Robyn Rosenau to Lee Spirer 

Todd Soloway to Andrea Molod '89 

Jodi Weiss to Steven Halper 

Carole Zelbow to Jason Flegel 

Francine N. Genn to David S. Saperstein 

Marc A. Meisler to Sara Sclair 

Atme Gurewitsch to Samuel Schwartz '89 

Boimie Kwitkin to Douglas Goldstein 

Tabitha Nelson to Douglas Dowling 

June 16, 1991 
September 22, 1991 
September 6, 1992 
September 6, 1992 
July 1990 
March 14, 1992 
May 4, 1991 
November 16, 1991 
July 14, 1991 
August 1, 1992 
March 28, 1992 
October 27, 1990 
November 11, 1989 
May 13, 1990 
August 9, 1992 
August 23, 1992 
May, 1990 
December 12, 1992 
June 20, 1992 
October 26, 1991 
Septembers, 1992 
September 10, 1989 
June 27, 1992 
May 31, 1992 
Spring 1992 
Julys, 1992 
May 24,1992 
July 2, 1992 
June 28, 1992 
May 7, 1992 
October 1992 
June 14, 1992 
September 1, 1991 
May 31, 1992 
June 16, 1991 
June 1991 
July 1992 
August 8, 1992 


Amy H. Linsky to Roy B. Oser 
Heidi Freedman to Jonathan Goldberg 
Deanna M. Davis to Prince E. Bannister, Jr. 
Stacey Karlin to Alan Belsky 
Rebecca R. Miller to John Martin Stevens 
Debra Schwab to Tim Brandt 
Elizabeth DeLott to Steven Reisman 
David H. Gilbert to Lisa Balbus 
Elaine M. Moccia to Shawn T. Sullivan 
Robin J. Dichter to Samuel C. Young 
Cindy M. Handler to Michael J. Steinberg 
Ron M. Judenberg to Shan Simon 
Chaim J. Kraisman to Esa Kanter 
Michelle Lydeen to Derek Rutherford 
Janet Henner to Michael Wolf 
Dana Matloff to Brendan Levy 
Judi Stillman to Roy Schwartz '89 

State University. Her graduate 
work involves monitoring the 
behavior of dusky-footed woodrats 
or "packrats." In her spare time, 
she has been surfing, hiking and 
doing a lot of outdoor photography. 
Andre D. Eaton is completing an 
M.S.W. program at the University 
of Pennsylvania and hopes to 
pursue a Ph.D. in psychology. 
Kama Einhorn is writing for an 
alternative weekly paper, the San 
Francisco Weekly. Gordon 
Einstein started his first year at the 
University of Southem California 
Law School in the fall of 1992. 
Michelle Feldman completed her 
master's degree in special 
education at Boston University 
and is teaching emotionally 
disturbed boys at the Walker 
School in Needham, MA. She was 
elected to Pi Lambda Theta, an 

education. Ken Forde is presently 
working for Liberty Mutual as a 
claims adjuster, and is continuing 
his running career. Debra 
Gladstone began a Ph.D. program 
at the University of Connecticut 
for social psychology in September 
1992. Neil L Graff is attending 
Boston University Law School 
pursuing a J.D. and master's in 
business administration. Dana 
Grcenberg went to Europe after 
graduation with Linda Schlossberg, 
Erika Golub and Spencer Jakab. 
She lived and worked in Paris 
before moving in March to a 
kibbutz in the north of Israel, 
traveling to Greece and London, 
and then moving back home to 
begin medical school at Tufts 
University last August. Deb 
Haleman is studying facility 
management at Cornell University 
in the Department of Design and 
Environmental Analysis, and will 
graduate with a M.S. in June 1993. 
Jenifer Harlem is employed as a 
case manager at Baypath Senior 
Citizens Services, a home care 
agency that provides in-home care 
for elders to delay nursing home 
placement. She is also involved in 
investigating cases of reported 
abuse, neglect and financial 
exploitation of elders in the area. 
Janet Henner works for IBM and 
began law school at night at 
Georgia State. Audrey Hirsch has 
completed her first year of law 
school at the University of 
Pittsburgh and has begun her 
second year as an agent trainee 
with International Creative 
Management. If all goes well, she 
should become a literary/director's 
agent within the next 12 months. 
Julie R. Hoffman is pursuing an 
M.A. in journalism at the 
University of Maryland and hopes 
to find other classmates in the 

Maryland/Washington, DC area. 
Bethany A. Joseph is concentrating 
on getting her master's degree at 
the Boston University School of 
Public Health. She attended the 
wedding of Ruth Liebschutz on 
August 15th in North Carolina. 
Thomas Rhett Kee is busy 
auditioning for TV and writing two 
feature films. He also is organizing 
a 500-mile wheelchair push by a 
friend of his to Sacramento to 
deliver a message about the 
condition of inner city schools to 
the governor. Elisa Kronish 
completed one year working as a 
teacher at the Lesley ElUs 
preschool in Arlington, MA, and 
has applied to graduate school. 
Botmie Kwitkin spent the past 
year m Israel studying in 
Jerusalem. Last July she married 
Douglas Goldstein (whom she met 
in Israeli and now they live in 
Scarsdale, NY. They plan to stay m 
the states for a few years before 
making aliyah. Dana Matlotf is a 
second-year law student at Arizona 
State University College of Law. 
Diane S. May is in her second year 
of graduate school at New York 
University and will complete her 
M.P.A. in mid- 1993. Kayla Mazer 
has completed her first of four 
years at Columbia University 
School of Dental and Oral Surgery. 
James McCarthy is sharing an 
apartment with Jerome Noll. He is 
working for McKinsey & 
Company, a corporate consulting 
firm in Manhattan. Laurie 
McMillan is teaching third and 
fourth grade at a private school in 
Stoneham, MA, and has moved 
into a duplex with two friends. 
Esther Nelson is working for 
TAMS Consultants, Inc., an 
environmental consulting firm in 
New Jersey. Jerome Noll is in his 
second year at the Cardozo School 
of Law Melissa B. Orlowski is 
presently living in Miami, FL, 
attending the University of Miami 
for a master's degree in physical 
therapy. Lori L. Pires spent a year 
working in toxicology for 
Springborn Laboratories before 
becoming a research lab technician 
II in Brigham ik Women's 
Hospital. She is working in the 
Center for Neurological Diseases, 
conducting research to find the 
cause and potential therapies for 
multiple sclerosis. Her future 
plans include graduate school. Sue 
Press has been working as a 
preschool teacher at Kids-A-Lot in 
Stow, MA, for the past year. 
Joshua Proslkoff is currently 
working at the advertising agency 
Foote, Cone and Belding in San 
Francisco. He is working in the 
Levi's account, including Levi's 
Dockers. Melissa A. Posdamer 
spent the year at American 
University getting her master's 
degree in publii 

63 Winter 1993 


she graduated with honors in 
August after completing her tenure 
as the chairman's (ellow. She is 
now employed as a pubhcist for a 
small publisher in Bethesda, MD. 
Daniel A. Rabinowitz finished his 
first year at the University of 
Chicago Law School in June. This 
past summer, he did death-penalty 
appellate work for the State of 
Illinois. Matias A. Ringel is a 
financial analyst at Solomt^n 
Brothers' Latin American Group in 
New York City. Andrew Allen 
Roberts received an iVl.M.H.S. 
from the Heller School in August 
and participated in Brandeis soccer 
during the 1991-92 season. He 
won the James W. McCully 
Memorial Award from the Friends 
of Brandeis Athletics in 1992, and 
was an Adidas Academic All 
American who was awarded the 
ECAC Award of Valor, Laura 
Schenkman is in a Ph.D. program 
in genetics at the University of 
Wisconsin. Esther Sherrow is in 
Prague, Czechoslovakia, keeping 
body and soul together by teaching 
English and selling fabric designs. 
She IS also doing art and breathing 
deeply the creative atmosphere of 
Prague. Ellen Schlactus completed 
a year of teaching in an inner-city 
school in New Orleans as part of 
the Teach for America Program. 
She is interested in speaking with 
anyone involved in the educational 
field outside of the classroom. 
David S. Schorr is a portfolio and 
research analyst of a fund worth 
$25 million. Kevin B. Schwenk 
spent last year in Washington, DC, 
working for several nonprofit 
organizations before beginning a 
Ph.D. program at Brown 
University in economics while his 
fiancee, Deborah Block, is taking 
ecology courses at the University 
of Massachusetts, Boston. They 
live together in Providence, RI, 
where he works part-time and both 
remain active in the animal rights 
movement. Jonathan Segal worked 
for the past year selling outdoor 
gear and clothing for Recreational 
Equipment Inc. in Chicago and has 
started medical school at the 
University of Chicago. Rachel 
Silber is still "drifting," but says 
she has had one of the most 
educational and enriching years of 
her life in the "college of the real 
world." Deborah Slavkin is head 
teacher at a nursery school and 
youth director for a reform temple. 
She is also completing an M.A. in 
school counseling from Hofstra 
University and is a Long Island 
alumni interviewer for Brandeis. 
After backpacking through Europe 
and being registrar at her mother's 
real estate school, Susannah R. 
Spodek headed to Japan where she 
obtained a work visa for 
employment in a film company 

that organizes international film 
festivals. She worked on Japan's 
first gay and lesbian film festival 
and has transcribed 60 Lone 
Ranger videos. Lynn Steiner is a 
counselor/case manager at a 
residence for mentally ill adults in 
Chicago, IL. She was promoted to 
house manager at the residence's 
second site and is reponsible for 
managing four counselors. She is 
considering taking graduate work 
in psychology. Jennifer A. Stern 
entered a Ph.D. program in the 
history of art at Yale University 
and received a fellowship to spend 
the summer studying in Paris and 
Amsterdam. Stephen Treiman 
taught high school biology in 
Santa Ana, CA, as a part of the 
Teach for America program. He 
says the job is tough, but that the 
kids are wonderful and make the 
experience very worthwhile. liana 
D. Treston is taking graduate 
studies, ,n,i lull sih.)larshipatthc 
llnchci Sjinulul l.,iu .ind 

Mcdh.rd, MA In, Kidmen, she 
spent last summer studying 
language at American University 
in Cairo on a research project and 
traveling through Israel. After 
graduation, Paul R. Tursky worked 
for nine months and then traveled 
to Israel, Greece and Italy. He is 
now a production intern at a 
professional summer theater in 
Wisconsin doing set construction, 
lights and sound. He is enjoying 
the experience and says that this 
may be his break in theater. 
Stephen M. Weiner is a consultant 
with Andersen Consulting in 
Hartford, CT. Jeremy S. Woodburn 
spent time in Portland, OR, and in 
southern Europe before returning 
to the Boston area where he is 
attending Harvard Law School. 
Julian Zelizer completed his first 
year of a Ph.D. program in history 
at Johns Hopkins University with 
particular focus on the 20th 
century political history of the 
United States. He presented a 
paper entitled "We are all 
Keynesians Now: The Political 
Culture of the American State and 
Tax Reform, 1961-64." 


Beth C. Manes, Class 
Correspondent, c/o Brandeis Office 
of Alumni Relations, P.O. Box 
9110, Waltham, MA 02254-9 110 

Kim Suk-Won, chairman of 
Korea's fifth largest company, the 
Ssangyong Business Group, was 
appointed to the Board of 
Overseers of the Lemberg Program 
by Brandeis President Samuel 

tt'* % 


/. Bayo Adekanye 

J. Bayo Adekanye (Ph.D. '76|, 
professor of political science at the 
University of Ibadan, Nigeria, has 
been appointed as head of the 
department for a three-year term. 
He spent the 1991-92 term on 
sabbatical as a visiting 
commonwealth fellow in the 
political science department at 
Dalhousie University in Halifax 
Nova Scotia Canada David M 
Austin IPhD 69 Hclki School! 
ll.tln^ dean of the School of Social 

faculty at Connecticut College as a 
professor of physics. Previously, 
she taught astronomy at Wellesley 
College and is a computer 
programmer and consultant. 
Shirley A. Girouard, R.N. (Ph.D. 
'88, Heller School] is executive 
director of the North Carolina 
Center for Nursing, which was 
established in 1991 to address the 
nursing shortage problem by 
ensuring that there will be well- 
prepared nurses for the 21st 
century She holds a doctorate in 
health and social policy and has 25 
years of experience in nursing and 
health policy. She also served as a 
program officer at the Robert 
Wood Johnson Foundation in 
Princeton, NJ, and a term in the 
New Hampshire House of 
Representatives Mark Halliday 
(Ph.D. 'S,?, tn,i;lishl published a 
book, Tciskct Siicct, which was the 
1991 wuiner ot the Juniper Prize, 
the annual poetry award sponsored 
by the Umvcisity of 
Massachusetts Press His hrst 
book of poems Little Star was a 
National Poetry Series selection 
in 19S7 Hehasalsc 

David Austin 

Work and Bert Kruger Smith 
Centennial Professor in Social 
Work at the University of Texas at 
Austin, was the 1992 recipient of 
the National Association of Social 
Workers Presidential Award for 
Excellence in Social Work 
Research, He also received the 
Association for Community 
Organization and Social 
Administration Award for Lifetime 
Achievement in the Teaching of 
Social Administration and chaired 
the national Task Force on Social 
Work Research, which produced 
an extensive report with far- 
reaching recommendations for 
changes in the development and 
funding of social work research. 
Samuel J. Bernstein (MA. '63, 
Ph.D. '64, Enghshl was the June 
1992 recipient of Northeastern 
University's Excellence in 
Teaching Award. He is a professor 
of English and author of Strands 
Entwined, a book on contemporary 
American drama. Leslie Brown 
(Ph.D. '92, Physics) joined the 

Mark Halluhn 

critical study, Stevens and the 
Interpersonal, published in 1991. 
He teaches at Wilmington Friends 
School in Delaware and lives in 
Philadelphia, PA. Jesse Mavro 
(M.F.A., '91, Theater) had her short 
story "Eating Wisdom," published 
in the upcoming Women on 
Women, an anthology of short 
stories by women. Grantland S. 
Rice (M.A. '91, English) is in the 
process of completing a Ph.D. in 
English literature at Brandeis. 

Brandeis Review 

Brandeis University 

Prospective Student 
Referral Card 

Student's Name 






zip code 

area code 
High School 


Academic lnterest(s)/Talent(s) 


year of graduation 

Extracurricular lnterest(s)/Talent(s) 


May we use your name when contacting the student? 

!n msToncai I'eispective. warren 
Bargad |M.A. 70, Ph.D. 71) is an 
associate professor of English in 
Hebrew Literature and the Samuel 
M. Melton Professor of Jewish 
Studies at the University of 
Florida. His publication of Amir 
Cilboa: The Last Romantic is 
forthcoming. Allon Gal |M.A.70, 
Ph.D. 76| is an associate professor 
at the Ben-Gurion Research Center 
and history department and chair 
and founder of the Center for the 
Study of North American Jewry at 
the Ben-Gurion University of the 
Negev. He published The 
Changing Concept of 'Mission ' m 
American Reform Judaism and 
David Ben-Gurion and the 
American Alignment for a fewish 
State. Arthur E. Green (B.A '61, 
Ph.D. 75) has been president of 
the Reconstructionist Rabbinical 
College since 1987. He published 
Seek My Face. Speak My Name: A 
Contemporary fewish Theology. 
Avraham Greenbaum (Ph.D. '58) is 
a senior lecturer in the 
Department of Jewish History at 
the University of Haifa and a 
research associate at the Ben-Zion 
Dinur Institute for the Study of 
Jewish History, Hebrew University 
of Jerusalem. Hillel Goldberg 
IM.A. '72, Ph.D. '78) is executive 
editor of the Intermountain fewish 
News and published The Fire 
Withm: The Living Heritage of the 
Musar Movement and 
Illuminating the Generations: The 
Second Volume of the Fire Within. 
Harold S. Jaye ('67, M.A. '70, Ph.D. 
'80) IS an instructor in humanities 
and history in the Division of 
Humanities and Social Science at 
Central Florida Community 
College. He is also a part-time 
rabbi at Temple B'nai Darom. 
Martin Kessler (M.A. '64, Ph.D. 
'65) retired from an 11 -year 
pastorate at Trinity Lutheran 
Church in Danville, where he now 
teaches a course in biblical 
Hebrew. Benny Kraut (M.A. '74, 
Ph.D. '75) is professor and director 
of the Judaic Studies Program at 

history department at Ben-Gurion 
University of the Negev. He 
received both a Memorial 
Foundation grant and a faculty 
research grant. Martin Lockshin 
(M.A. '79, Ph.D. '84) is associate 
professor and coordinator of 
religious studies at York 
University m Toronto, Canada. 
His Rabbi Samuel ben Meir's 
Commentary on Genesis: An 
Annotated Translation won the 
Toronto Jewish Congress prize for 
the best Canadian book in biblical 
studies, 1989-1991. Frances 
Malino (M.A. '70, Ph.D. '71), the 
Sophia Moses Robison Professor of 
Jewish Studies and History at 
Wellesley College, published "The 
Right to be Equal: Zalkind 
Hourwitz and the Revolution of 
1789" in East and West fews in a 
Changing Europe. She was 
awarded the ACLS travel grant, the 
Healey research grant and was an 
elected guest research fellow at 
Wolfson College, Oxford. Daniel 
C. Matt ('72, M.A. '76, Ph.D. '78) is 
a professor at the Center for Jewish 
Studies in the Graduate 
Theological Union in Berkeley, 
CA. He served as Lady Davis 
Visiting Professor at the Hebrew 
University, where he taught in the 
Department of Jewish Thought. He 
was in Israel during the Persian 
Gulf War, but went to Cyprus 
during the Scud attacks. He is now 
working on a critical edition of the 
Zohar, together with a team of 
intematiimal scholars His chapter 
"New Aiu Kill \\..iJs The 
Zohai's \,i' I ..■ X. . I. , ■, in 

Intenuir. ■ ,, - . ■ ,. .■ im the 
History ol !cKi-.hh\vsi,cism is 
forthcoming. Renee Levine 
Melammed (M.A. '78, Hornstein 
Program, Ph.D. '83) is a scholar-in- 

Brandeis class today's date 
n Yes D No 

'70/, rabTirdf the Jewish 
Community Center of Long Beach 
Island, NJ, is a fellow of the 
Temple University Center for 
American Jewish History in 
cooperation with the American 
Jewish committee. He published 
an article, "Conservative 
Judaism," in the Encyclopedia of 
Religion and a review-essay 
entitled "Conservative Judaism: 
Then and Now" in Conservative 
ludaism. Carl Schultz (Ph.D. '73), 
professor of Old Testament, is 
chair of the Division of Religion 
and Philosophy at Houghton 
College. Forthcoming from Joseph 
P. Schultz (Ph.D. '62), Oppenstein 
Brothers Distinguished Professor 
of Judaic Studies at the University 
of Missouri-Kansas City, and Lois 
S. Spatz is Sinai and Olympus: A 
Dialogue on Two Seminal 
Civilizations. Gerald L. Showstack 
(M.A., '72, Heller School, M.A. '80, 
Sociology, M.A. '81, Ph.D. '83), 
director of the Human Services 
Development Unit at Humphrey 
Institute for Social Ecology at Ben- 
Gurion University of the Negev 
and director of Arad Arts Project 
and Program Development at 
WUJS International Graduate 
Center for Hebrew and Jewish 
Studies in Israel, edited 
Proceedings of the Institute for 
Distinguished Community 
Leaders, 1986-1990. Michael C. 
Steinlauf (Ph.D. '88), assistant 
professor of history at Gratz 
College m Pennsylvania, has 
written several articles on Polish- 
Jewish theater. He was awarded an 
International Research and 
Exchange Board (IREX) grant for 
independent short-term research in 
Poland in 1990 and an American 
Council of Learned Societies/ 
Social Science Research Council 
Fellowship in 1988-89. Shelly 
Tenenbaum (Ph.D. '86, Ph.D. '86, 
Sociology), assistant professor of 
sociology and adjunct assistant 

1 studies at Clark 
hed articles 
arch on 

credit networks 
'apital: The 
sh Loan 
nited States. 

msh Studies. 

'6, a New York 
itive of Lynn, 
m August 11. 
11 with cancer, 
ned a private 
hief psychiatrist 
nit of the New 
jspital. He is 
■ents, Samuel 

ana mimrea rmKie, brother. 
Attorney Bruce N. Finkle, and 
sister, Ellen S. Finkle. lerrold L. 
Winer '56 of Andover and 
Falmouth, MA, passed away 
suddenly August 5. He is survived 
by his wife, Barbara Labell 
Winer, sons, Mark and Bradley 
Winer, and sister, Joan Balada, of 
Pittsburgh, PA 

she graduated with 
August after comph 
as the chairman's ft 
now employed as a 
small publisher in J 
Daniel A. Rabinowi 
first year at the Uni 
Chicago Law Schoo 
past summer, he die 
appellate work for t 
Illinois. Matias A. I 
financial analyst at 
Brothers' Latin Am^ 
New York City. An 
Roberts received an 
from the Heller Sch 
and participated in 
during the 1991-92 
won the (ames W. t 
Memorial Award fr' 
of Brandeis Athletic 
was an Adidas Acai 
American who was awarded the 
ECAC Award of Valor. Laura 
Schenkman is in a Ph.D. program 
in genetics at the University of 
Wisconsin. Esther Sherrow is in 
Prague, Czechoslovakia, keeping 
body and soul together by teaching 
English and selling fabric designs. 
She IS also doing art and breathing 
deeply the creative atmosphere of 
Prague. Ellen Schlactus completed 
a year of teaching in an inner-city 
school in New Orleans as part of 
the Teach for America Program. 
She is interested in speaking with 
anyone involved in the educational 
field outside of the classroom. 
David S. Schorr is a portfolio and 
research analyst of a fund worth 
$25 million. Kevin B. Sthwenk 
spent last year in Washington, DC, 
working for several nonprofit 
organizations before beginning a 
Ph.D. program at Brown 
University in economics while his 
fiancee, Deborah Block, is taking 
ecology courses at the University 
of Massachusetts, Boston. They 
live together in Providence, RI, 
where he works part-time and both 
reiiijin ,iLti\e in the animal rights 
miivLiiiLiu liinathan Segal worked 
tor the ve.n selling outdoor 
gear and clothing for Recreational 
Equipment Inc. in Chicago and has 
started medical school at the 
University of Chicago. Rachel 
Silber is still "drifting," but says 
she has had one of the most 
educational and enriching years of 
her life in the "college of the real 
world." Deborah Slavkin is head 
teacher at a nursery school and 
youth director for a reform temple. 
She is also completing an M.A, in 
school counseling from Hofstra 
University and is a Long Island 
alumni interviewer for Brandeis. 
After backpacking through Europe 
and being registrar at her mother's 
real estate school, Susannah R. 
Spodek headed to Japan where she 
obtained a work visa for 
employment in a film company 

Prospective Student Referral 
Office of Admissions 
Brandeis University 
P.O. Box 9110 
Waltham, MA 02254-91 10 

kids are wonderful and make the 
experience very worthwhile. liana 
D. Treston is taking graduate 
studies on a full scholarship at the 
Fletcher School of Law and 
Diplomacy, Tufts University in 
Medford, MA. In addition, she 
spent last summer studying 
language at American University 
in Cairo on a research project and 
tr.iveling tbiinigh Israel. After 
,i;r.Kiu,ition, Paul R. Tursky worked 
t.i, iiiiRiiinnths and then traveled 
tolsi.icl.l.rccLcandltaly. Heis 
now a production intern at a 
professional summer theater in 
Wisconsin doing set construction, 
lights and sound. He is enioying 

may be In : i i 

wlthAncI, |.. nl 'n-.nlMn:'m 
Hartford, CT Jeremy S. Woodburn 
spent time in Portland, OR, and in 
southern Europe before returning 
to the Boston area where he is 
attending Harvard Law School. 
Julian Zelizer completed his first 
year of a Ph.D. program in history 
at Johns Hopkins University with 
particular focus on the 20th 
century political history of the 
United States. He presented a 
paper entitled "We are all 
Keynesians Now: The Political 
Culture of the American State and 
Tax Reform, 1961-64." 


Beth C. Manes, Class 
Correspondent, c/o Brandeis Offic 
of Alumni Relations, P.O. Box 
91 10, Waltham, MA 02254-91 10 

Kim Suk-Won, chairman of 
Korea's fifth largest company, the 
Ssangyong Business Group, was 
appointed to the Board of 
Overseers of the Lemberg Progran 
by Brandeis President Samuel 

He spent the 1991-92 term on 
sabbatical as a visiting 
commonwealth fellow in the 
political science department at 
Dalhousie University in Halifax, 
NivaScitia Canida David M 
Austin |l h II ( ) H II 1 S li I 

(Ph.D. 'SJ, English) published a 
book, Tusker Street, which was the 
1991 winner of the Juniper Prize, 
the annual poetry award sponsored 
by the University of 
Massachusetts Press His first 
book of poems Little Star 
National Poetry Sliils slIl( 

David All tin 

Work and Bert Kruger Smith 
Centennial Professor in Social 
Work at the University of Texas at 
Austin, was the 1992 recipient of 
the National Association of Social 
Workers Presidential Award for 
Excellence in Social Work 
Research. He also received the 
Association for Community 
Organization and Social 
Administration Award for Lifetime 
Achievement in the Teaching of 
Social Administration and chaired 
the national Task Force on Social 
Work Research, which produced 
an extensive report with far- 
reaching recommendations for 
changes in the development and 
funding of social work research. 
Samuel J. Bernstein |M.A. '63, 
Ph.D. '64, EnglishI was the June 
1992 recipient of Northeastern 
University's Excellence in 
Teaching Award. He is a professor 
of English and author of Strands 
Entwined, a book on contemporary 
American drama. Leslie Brown 
(Ph.D. '92, Physicsl joined the 

Murk Halhda\ 

critical study, Stevens and the 
Interpersonal, published in I99I. 
He teaches at Wilmington Friends 
School in Delaware and lives in 
Philadelphia, PA. Jesse Mavro 
IM.F.A., '91, Theater) had her short 
story "Eating Wisdom," published 
in the upcoming Women on 
Women, an anthology of short 
stories by women. Grantland S. 
Rice (M.A. '91, English) is in the 
process of completing a Ph.D. in 
English literature at Brandeis. 

64 Brandeis Review 

Beginning with this issue, news 
fiom various graduate programs 
will be sought through graduate 
program mailings. This issue 
features responses from the Near 
Eastern and Judaic Studies 
department. -Ed. Note 


Howard Adelman (74, M.A., '77, 
History, Ph.D. '85|, associate 
professor of Jewish studies at 
Smith College, has written a 
number of articles, including 
"Jewish Studies: Are They 
Ethnic?" from Explorations in 
Ethnic Studies, which was 
reprinted from the original m 
Transforming the Curriculum: 
Ethnic Studies and Women's 
Studies. He also published "Italian 
Jewish Women" in Jewish Women 
in Historical Perspective. Warren 
Bargad |M.A. 70, Ph.D. 71| is an 
associate professor of English in 
Hebrew Literature and the Samuel 
M. Melton Professor of Jewish 
Studies at the University of 
Florida. His publication of Amir 
Gilboa: The Last Romantic is 
forthcoming. AUon Gal (M.A.70, 
Ph.D. 76) is an associate professor 
at the Ben-Gurion Research Center 
and history department and chair 
and founder of the Center for the 
Study of North American Jewry at 
the Ben-Gurion University of the 
Negev. He published The 
Changing Concept of 'Mission ' in 
American Reform Judaism and 
David Ben-Gurion and the 
American Alignment for a Jewish 
State. Arthur E. Green (B.A. '61, 
Ph.D. '75) has been president of 
the Reconstructionist Rabbinical 
College since 1987. He published 
Seek My Face. Speak My Name: A 
Contemporary Jewish Theology. 
Avraham Greenbaum (Ph.D. '58) is 
a senior lecturer in the 
Department of lewish History at 
the University of Haifa and a 
research associate at the Ben-Zion 
Dinur Institute for the Study of 
Jewish History, Hebrew University 
of Jerusalem. Hillel Goldberg 
IM.A. '72, Ph.D. '78) is executive 
editor of the Intermountam Jewish 
News and published The Fire 
Within: The Living Heritage of the 
Musat Movement and 
Illuminating the Generations: The 
Second Volume of the Fire Within. 
Harold S. Jaye ('67, M.A. '70, Ph.D. 
'80) IS an instructor in humanities 
and history in the Division of 
Humanities and Social Science at 
Central Florida Community 
College. He is also a part-time 
rabbi at Temple B'nai Darom. 
Martin Kessler (MA. '64, Ph.D. 
'65) retired from an 1 1 -year 
pastorate at Trinity Lutheran 
Church in Danville, where he now 
teaches a course in biblical 
Hebrew. Benny Kraut (M.A. '74, 
Ph.D. '75) IS professor and director 
of the Judaic Studies Program at 

the University of Cincinnati. He 
published "A Wary Collaboration: 
Jews and Catholics on the 
Estabhshment's Goodwill 
Movement in the 1920s," in 
Between the Times: The Travail 
of the Protestant Establishment in 
America. 1900-1960. He received 
the University of Cincinnati Dolly 
Cohen Award for Teaching 
Excellence m 1991, as well as the 
McMicken College of Arts and 
Sciences Dean's Award for 
Distinguished Teaching and the 
Greater Cincinnati Consortium of 
Colleges and Universities 
Recognition for Excellence in 
Teaching. Haim Kreisel ('72, M.A. 
'80, Ph.D. '81) is a senior lecturer 
m Jewish thought and the Harry 
Walsh Career Development Chair 
in Jewish Law and Ethics in the 
history department at Ben-Gurion 
University of the Negev. He 
received both a Memorial 
Foundation grant and a faculty 
research grant. Martin Lockshin 
(M.A. '79, Ph.D. '84) is associate 
professor and coordinator of 
religious studies at York 
University in Toronto, Canada. 
His Rabbi Samuel ben Meir's 
Commentary on Genesis: An 
Annotated Translation won the 
Toronto Jewish Congress prize for 
the best Canadian book in biblical 
studies, 1989-1991. Frances 
Malino (M.A. '70, Ph.D. '71), the 
Sophia Moses Robison Professor of 
Jewish Studies and History at 
Wellesley College, published "The 
Right to be Equal: Zalkind 
Hourwitz and the Revolution of 
1789" in East and West Jews in a 
Changing Europe. She was 
awarded the ACLS travel grant, the 
Healey research grant and was an 
elected guest research fellow at 
Wolfson College, Oxford. Daniel 
C. Matt ('72, M.A. '76, Ph.D. '78) is 
a professor at the Center for Jewish 
Studies in the Graduate 
Theological Union in Berkeley, 
CA. He served as Lady Davis 
Visiting Professor at the Hebrew 
University, where he taught in the 
Department of Jewish Thought. He 
was in Israel during the Persian 
Gulf War, but went to Cyprus 
during the Scud attacks. He is now 
working on a critical edition of the 
Zohar, together with a team of 
international scholars. His chapter 
"New-Ancient Words: The 
Zohar's Aura of Secrecy," in 
Proceedings of the Sixth 
International Conference on the 
History of Jewish Mysticism is 
forthcoming. Renee Levine 
Melammed (M.A. '78, Hornstein 
Program, Ph.D. '83) is a scholar-in- 

residence in Judaic studies at 
Franklin and Marshall College. She 
was a fellow at the Annenberg 
Research Institute and received an 
American Philosophical Society 
grant. She published "Sephardi 
Women in the Medieval and Early 
Modem Period" in Jewish Women 
in Historical Perspective. Carol 
Meyers (M.A. '66, Ph.D. '75) is a 
professor in the Department of 
Religion and acting director of the 
Women's Studies Program at Duke 
University. She is also codirector 
of the Joint Sepphoris Project at 
Duke and the Hebrew University 
She published 
If the .Ancient 
.: ^ //:W,n-withE. 
■.'. ithE. 




Community Center of Long Beach 
Island, NJ, is a fellow of the 
Temple University Center for 
American Jewish History in 
cooperation with the American 
Jewish committee. He published 
an article, "Conservative 
Judaism," in the Encyclopedia of 
Religion and a review-essay 
entitled "Conservative Judaism: 
Then and Now" in Conservative 
Judaism. Carl Schultz (Ph.D. '73), 
professor of Old Testament, is 
chair of the Division of Religion 
and Philosophy at Houghton 
College. Forthcoming from Joseph 
P. Schultz (Ph.D. '62), Oppenstein 
Brothers Distinguished Professor 
of Judaic Studies at the University 
of Missouri-Kansas City, and Lois 
S. Spatz is Sinai and Olympus: A 
Dialogue on Two Seminal 
Civilizations. Gerald L. Showstack 
(M.A., '72, Heller School, M.A. '80, 
Sociology, M.A. '81, Ph.D. '83), 
director of the Human Services 
Development Unit at Humphrey 
Institute for Social Ecology at Ben- 
Gurion University of the Negev 
and director of Arad Arts Project 
and Program Development at 
WUJS International Graduate 
Center for Hebrew and Jewish 
Studies in Israel, edited 
Proceedings of the Institute for 
Distinguished Community 
Leaders. 1986-1990. Michael C. 
Steinlauf (Ph.D. '88), assistant 
professor of history at Gratz 
College in Pennsylvania, has 
written several articles on Polish- 
Jewish theater. He was awarded an 
International Research and 
Exchange Board (IREX) grant for 
independent short-term research in 
Poland m 1990 and an American 
Council of Learned Societies/ 
Social Science Research Council 
Fellowship in 1988-89. Shelly 
Tenenbaum (Ph.D. '86, Ph.D. '86, 
Sociology), assistant professor of 
sociology and adjun 

professiii nt Icwish studies at Clark 
Univeisitv, published articles 
related t.ihLireseaiLh on 
immigrant Jewish credit networks 
and two books are forthcoming. 
Immigrants and Capital: The 
Emergence of Jewish Loan 
Societies m the United States. 
1880-1945 and Feminist 
Perspectives on Jewish Studies. 


Joseph C. Finkle '76, a New York 
psychiatrist and native of Lynn, 
MA, passed away on August 1 1 . 
Before he became ill with cancer. 
Dr. Finkle maintained a private 
practice and was chief psychiatrist 
in the diagnostic unit of the New 
York Foundling Hospital. He is 
survived by his parents, Samuel 
and Mildred Finkle, brother. 
Attorney Bruce N. Finkle, and 
sister, Ellen S. Finkle. Jerrold L. 
Winer '56 of Andover and 
Falmouth, MA, passed away 
suddenly August 5. He is survived 
by his wife, Barbara Labell 
Winer, sons, Mark and Bradlev 
Winer, and sister, Joan Baladal of 
Pittsburgh, PA 


!i- f 


Cofdiicatioiial and iioiisiMtmnan, 
litanclfis i(i(la\ ciinills a diverse 
sliuleiil l)()(lv (lia\Mi iVdin all 50 
states and more than 50 coimtiies. 
Total emollment iiicliidiiig some 
900 graduate students is 
approxiitiately 3,700. The student 
faculty ratio is approximately 9:1. 

Eiu-ich the Experience 

Office of the iViumal Fund 

P.O. Box 9110 

Waltham, MA 02254-9110 

you look for the opportunities, 
the professors are willing to 
teach you. In my department, for 
example, you can tell the 
professors that you are interested 
in a particular area of study, and 
ask them to set up independent 
study for you, and they are 
perfectly willing to do so. If they 
don't have enough people for 
a class, they can give you a totally 
independent study, even if It's 
just for one student, three times 
a week." 

Schoiarsliip and financial aid ate 
fimdamental to the strength and 
qualit}' of the student body; 45 
percent of the Brandeis sUidents 
receive need-based financial 
assistance with an average total 
award of close to $17,000. Gifts to 
tJK' iiiandeis Annual Fiuid help to 
complric linanciai aid packages 
for gifted stndents, as well as 
support faculty salaries. Aimual 
Fmid dollars augment important 
reseanii iniliali\es dial challenge 
the sindenis, licl|iirig ihcni \i> 
realize llial al Brandeis. anylliing 
is possiljle. 

Your gift today, or by the close 
of our fif^eal year on June 30, will 
help to enrich the Brandeis 
experience. To make a gift, or 
for acl(lili<»nal information, 
phase call (he Oflice of the 
Annual I inul at (> 17-736-4040. 

The Justice Brandeis Society 

Annual contributors of $1 ,000 or more 
become members of the Justice Brandeis 
Society, the recognition club for the 
University's most dedicated supporters. 
As a member, you will be listed in the 
Justice Brandeis Society Honor Roll and 
invited to attend special events 
recognizing your leadership. 
You will join a group of individuals taking 
the lead in creating a strong and 
successful future for the University. 

Annual Membership Levels 
Member $1 ,000-$2,499 

The Castle Club $2,500-$4,999 

The Emet Club $5,000-$9,999 

The President's Circle $1 0,000-$24,999 
The Supreme Court $25,000-$99,999 

Lifetime Membership Levels 
Benefactor $100,000-$499,999 

Grand Benefactor $500,000-$999,999 
Founder $1 ,000,000+ 


Please see 

indeis Review 

Class Notes to 


the prospective 


referral card. 

Memorializing the Holocaust: 
Specific or 
Universal Tragedy? 

'aluates Brandeis 

ifter 20 years of 

; art in the real world 

Michael Hauptman '73> 


■t aficionado? 
ly chemistry? 

Brenda Marder 


ad's granddaughter 
family relationships 

Sophie Freud, Ph.D. 70 


laped, sustained" 

The debate continues 

at the United States Holocaust 

Memorial Museum 

Stephen Bluestone '61 
Ha Jin, M.A. '89, Ph.D. '91 
H. Peter Karoff '59 
Sydra Mallery '93 
Linda Pastan, M.A. '58 
Catherine Steams, M.A. '84, 
Ph.D. '85 

Elaine Heumann Gurian '58 
and Bennett Samson 

Where Have 

All the Generalists Gone? 

Primary care physicians lay 
at the core of health care reform 

Marilyn Appel '54 



Around the University 

41 Class Notes 

Faculty Notes 

Natasha Ensign '92 
Fairbanks, Alaska 

'At Brandeis, 

everything is 

because you are actually 
taught to be self-directed, which 
I think is valuable. 

And once you go back out 
into the real world, I think you're 
better off." 

Coedmalional and iioiiscctariaii, 
Braiideis loday (mhoIIs a diverse 
student body drawn Inini all 50 
states and more tliaii 50 couii tries. 
Total enrollment including some 
900 graduate students is 
approximately 3,700. The student 
faculty ratio is approximately 9: 1 . 

Eiirich the Experience 

Office of die Aiuiiial Fiuid 

P.O. Box 91 10 

Waltham, MA 02254-91 10 

you look for the opportunities, 
the professors are willing to 
teach you. In my department, for 
example, you can tell the 
professors that you are interested 
in a particular area of study, and 
ask them to set up independent 
study for you, and they are 
perfectly willing to do so. If they 
don't have enough people for 
a class, they can give you a totally 
independent study, even if it's 
just for one student, three times 
a week." 

Scholarship and financial aid arc 
fundamental to the strength and 
(|nality of the student body; 45 
pircctii of the Brandeis students 


award (ilClusr i,, ST. ()()(). Cilislo 
ihcHraiidi'i. Aiiiiual I'lindhelpto 
r.iniplci,. niian.ialaidpa.kagcs 
lor gifted stiideuls, as well as 
support faculty salaries. Aimual 
Fund ilollars augment important 
thesludenl-. Iirlpni- llieui to 
realize thai al Urandeis. auytliing 
is possible. 

^ our gif( today, or by the close 
of our fiscal year on June 30. will 
help to enrich the Brandeis 
experience. "Po make a gift, or 
for additional information, 
please call the Office of the 
Annual Fund at 617-736-4040. 

The Justice Brandeis Society % 

Annual contributors of $1 ,000 or more 
become members of the Justice Brandeis 
Society, the recognition club for the 
University's most dedicated supporters. 
As a member, you will be listed in the 
Justice Brandeis Society Honor Roll and 
Invited to attend special events 
recognizing your leadership. 
You will join a group of individuals taking 
the lead in creating a strong and 
successful future for the University. 

Annual lUlembership Lc 
Member $1 ,000-$2,499 

The Castle Club $2,500-$4,999 

The Emet Club $5,000-$9,999 

The President's Circle $10,000-$24,999 
The Supreme Court $25,000-$99,999 

Lifetime Membership Levels 
Benefactor $100,000-$499,999 

Grand Benefactor $500,000-$999,999 
Founder $1 ,000,000+ 1 

Spring 1993 

Brandeis Review 

Number 4 

From Cocky Student to 
Seasoned Diplomat; 
An Architect Matures 

An alum reevaluates Brandeis 
architecture after 20 years of 
practicing the art in the real world 

Michael Hauptman 73 

Chemistry and Art: An 
Intriguing Combination 

Are you an art aficionado? 
Why not study chemistry? 

Brenda Marder 


Stories of Growing Up 
and Growing Old 

Sigmund Freud's granddaughter 
analyzes her family relationships 

Sophie Freud, Ph.D. '70 


'Memory, shaped, sustained" 

Stephen Bluestone '61 
Ha Jin, M.A. '89, Ph.D. '92 
H. Peter Karoff '59 
Sydra Mallery '93 
Linda Pastan, M.A. '58 
Catherine Steams, M.A. '84, 
Ph.D. '85 

Memorializing the Holocaust: 
Specific or 
Universal Tragedy? 

The debate continues 

at the United States Holocaust 

Memorial Museum 

Elaine Heumann Gurian '58 
and Bennett Samson 

Where Have 

All the Generalists Gone? 

Primary care physicians lay 
at the core of health care reform 

Marilyn Appel '54 

Around the University 

Faculty Notes 

41 Class Notes 

Brandeis Review 

Associate Vice President 
for University AKairs 

John Hose 

Editorial Assistant 

Veronica Blacquier 

Student Assistants 

Alissa DuBrow '96 
Stacy Lefkowitz '93 


Nancy Maitland 

Brandeis Review 
Advisory Committee 

Teresa Amabile Lisa Herman Hills '82 

Gerald S. Bernstein Michael Kalafatas '65 

Edward Engelberg Jonathan Margolis '67 

Irving R. Epstein Arthur H. Reis, Jr. 
Lori Gans '83, M.M.HS.'86 Adrienne Rosenblatt '6 

Janet Z. Giele Stephen J. Whitfield, 

Jeffrey GoUand '61 PhD. '72 

Unsolicited manuscripts 


are welcomed by the 

Send address changes 

editor. Submissions must 

to Brandeis University 

be accompanied by 

Brandeis Review 

a stamped, self-addressed 

P.O. Box 91 10 

envelope or the 

Waltham, Massachusetts 

RcWewwill not return 


the manuscript. 

Opinions expressed 

Send to: The Editor, 

in the Brandeis Review 

Brandeis Review 

are those of the 

Brandeis University 

authors and not 

P.O. Box 9110 

necessarily of the Editor 

Waltham, Massachusetts 

or Brandeis University. 


©1993 Brandeis University 

Bnindeis Review, 

Office of Publications 

Volume 12 

Number4, Season 1993 

University IVlagazme 

Brandeis Review 


(ISSN 0273-71751 

University Magazine 

is published by 


Brandeis University 

15 East Tenth Street 

P.O. Box 91 10 

Suite #2F 

Waltham, Massachusetts 

New York, NY 10003 



with tree distribution to 

FAX 212-228-3897 

alumni. Trustees, friends. 

parents, faculty and staff. 

Printed in the United 


Cover by Brawer e) 

Hauptman. Architects 

from original 

drawings bv Harrison 

a Abramovitz. 


The Architects 

Collaborative: Sasaki 

Associates, Inc.: 

and Hugh Stubbins 

&> Associates. Inc. 

As the Brandeis Review swings 
from the editorial into the prepress 
stage, it is the beginning of April — 
mud-season in New England. Up 
campus from our offices in 
Ridgewood, patches of clean white 
snow linger along the hillside as far 
as Slosberg, reluctant to melt. By 
the time you receive this issue, the 
snow and mud will be replaced by 
green grass and splashes of spring 

Amid the architectural splendors of 
New England, Brandeis cannot be 
cited as one of the most beautiful 
cainpuses in the region. But after 45 
years, its buildings have settled 
comfortably into the landscape and 
taken on a patina that comes with 
age. The architecture is no longer 
shockingly modem, but already has 
assumed a period look: since 1948, 
the world has moved from Bauhaus 
to post-modem, post-industrial, or 
post-ideological or post-something, 
yet to be named, and Brandeis has 
become a fixed landmark on the 
map, west of Boston. 

But if the Brandeis campus does not 
stand out as the architectural gem 
of New England, it is still a glorious 
place to be. This winter, one of the 
stormiest seasons in years, it lay 
buried under mounds of snow. 
Majestic in its white cover, the 
campus gave the illusion of 
expanding, its open places reaching 
toward the frozen horizon: the 
buildings, their rooftops piled with 
snow, seemed as rooted in the soil 
as the trees. 

Only the hardiest of students 
paused to eye the geese, ducks and 
seagulls waddling across the tissue 
of ice on Massell pond. We 
wondered how students from 
warmer climates, spending their 
first winter at Brandeis, reacted to 
the awesome power of weather in 
New England. Did they share our 
exhilaration, when standing in the 
frosted evening, they saw the snow 
stained to red by the sunset? We 
hope that when graduates leave 
here, they carry with them, along 
with other riches, an enduring sense 
of place that such winters inscribe 
on the inhabitants. 

In this issue, architect Michael 
Hauptman '73, who has long been 
obsessed with the architecture and 
landscape of the campus, contrasts 
his professional view of it now with 
his reactions to it as a student. For 
readers interested in new 
approaches to leaming, we thought 
Professor Michael Henchman's 
course that teaches some science to 
humanities students was an 
experiment worth sharing. To add 
an entirely different tone to the 
issue, Sophie Freud, Ph.D. '70 
analyses two key relationships in 
her life, one from her childhood and 
another from her adult days. Among 
our alumni are inany who have 
distinguished themselves as poets. 
On these pages five of them, joined 
by a senior, contribute some poems 
that touch on childhood. Ever 
bearing witness, we present an 
article on the United States 
Holocaust Memorial Museum, 
which opened in April in 
Washington, D.C. Finally, health 
care reform, a burning issue, 
receives attention from Marilyn 
Appel '54, an expert on how the 
primary care physician fits into the 

With Commencement around the 
comer, can spring be far behind? 

Brenda Marder 
The Editor 

Around the University 

Liv Uiimann to 
Speak at 

World renowned actress and 
humanitarian Liv Ullmann is 
scheduled to deliver the 
keynote address at the 42nd 
Commencement exercises 
May 23. More than 700 
undergraduates are expected 
to receive degrees, along with 
a still-to-be-determined 
number of master's and 
Ph.D. candidates. 

Ullmann, the Scandinavian 
film and stage actress, is also 
a best-selling author and vice 
president international of the 
International Refugee 
Committee. Since 1980 she 
has also served as Goodwill 
Ambassador for UNICEF. 

Brandeis will bestow 
honorary degrees upon 
Ullmann and five other 
distinguished individuals 
during the ceremony. They 
are; Derek Bok, president of 
Harvard University from 
1971 to 1990; Henry E. 
Hampton, president and 
founder of Blackside Inc. and 
creator and executive 
producer of the award- 
winning PBS series "Eyes on 
the Prize"; former 
ambassador Max M. 
Kampelman, head of the U.S. 
delegation to Negotiations 
on Nuclear and Space Arms, 
1985-89; scholar and author 
Bernard Lewis, the Cleveland 
E. Dodge Professor Emeritus 
of Near Eastern Studies at 
Princeton University; and 
Sheldon M. Wolff, Endicott 

Professor and chair of the 
Department of Medicine, 
Tufts University School of 
Medicine, and physician-in- 
chief at the New England 
Medical Center. 

Commencement will receive 
full coverage in the August 
issue of the Brandeis Review. 

$10 Million Sought 
for Volen 
Science Center 

Grant Will Aid 

Brandeis University has 
begun a $10 million fund- 
raising campaign for the new 
Benjamin and Mae Volen 
National Center for Complex 
Systems, which is scheduled 
for completion in May 1994. 
Proceeds from the campaign 
will be combined with 
funding from the federal 
government, which is paying 
roughlyhalf of the$16 
million cost of the 59,000 
square-foot center. The 
facility will house 
researchers from seven 
disciplines — biology, 

biochemistry, chemistry, 
computer science, linguistics 
and cognitive science, 
physics and psychology — 
which will work together to 
unlock the mysteries of the 
brain and intelligence. The 
center will be linked to all 
existing science buildings on 
campus and is expected to 
be one of the foremost 
research facilities of its kind 
in the country. 

The University has received 
a $300,000 grant from the 
Andrew W. Mellon 
Foundation "to advance 
efforts to improve 
educational effectiveness and 
efficiency through curricular 
or administrative 
consolidation." The funds 
will be used over the next 
four years to support 
implementation of the 
restructuring plan approved 
by the Board of Trustees last 
fall. Specifically, the grant 
will support: administrative 
oversight of reforms in the 

undergraduate curriculum; 
administrative oversight 
for consolidation of selected 
doctoral programs and 
development of revenue- 
generating master's 
degree programs; 
computerization of human 
resource systems for faculty 
and staff; and estabhshment 
of a presidential 
discretionary fund to support 
initiatives related to the 
transition period. 

3 Spring 1993 

Brandeis Ranked 
Sixth Nationally 
in Basic Biological 

Study Will Evaluate 
U.S. Drug 

In an Institute for Scientific 
Information (ISI) table 
published in the January 
issue of Science Watch, 
Brandeis is ranked sixth 
nationally of the top 12 
universities in the field of 
biological research. The data 
place Brandeis in a virtual tie 
with the University of 
California, Berkeley. 
Brandeis consistently ranked 
among the top universities 
in the basic biological 
sciences based on the average 
number of citations papers 
by members of its faculty 
received in science journals. 
That criteria was used 
for the latest table, "The 
Dynamic Dozen: Top 
Ranked U.S. Universities in 
the Biological Sciences," 
which looked at data for the 
period I981-I991. 

The Science Watch text 
accompanying the table 
singled out Brandeis and the 
University of Oregon for 
making the list with the 
hkes of Caltech, MIT, 

Harvard, Yale and Stanford 
universities. "These two 
institutions, although small 
in their output of papers 
when compared to the other 
10, pack a sizeable punch," 
the article said, "Their 
impressive research record is 
typically obscured by the 
sheer number of papers put 
out at universities such as 
Yale, Stanford, or Harvard. 
But when ranked on a 
citations-per-paper basis, the 
high impact of these two 
institutions shines through." 

According to the table, 
Brandeis researchers 
produced 1,692 articles 
during the 1981-1991 period, 
with 26,048 citations, and a 
mean citation impact — or 
average citation per paper — 
of 15.39 times. Congress's 
Office of Technology 
Assessment issued a report 
in 1992 that ranked Brandeis 
ninth among 100 prestigious 
research institutions 

nationwide for average 
number of citations papers 
by members of its faculty 
received in scientific journals 
from 1981 to 1988. 

The rankings in the latest 
table, in order from one to 
12, including number of 
papers, citations and mean 
citation impact (in 
parentheses) are as follows: 
Caltech, 2,327 and 56,994 
(24.49); MIT, 6,078 and 
141,543 (23.29); Rockefeller 
University, 5,633 and 
123,877 (21.99); Harvard 
University, 34,374 and 
582,626 (16.96); Stanford 
University, 13,187 and 
213,066 (16.16); University of 
California, Berkeley, 8,461 
and 130,193 (15.39); Brandeis, 
1,692 and 26,048 (15.39); 
Yale University, 15,223 and 
228,273 (15.00); Washington 
University, 12,731 and 
183,273 (14.40); University of 
Oregon, 1,834 and 26,255 
(14.32); University of 
California, San Diego, 13,070 
and 185,111 (14.16); 
University of California, San 
Francisco, 20,049 and 

Palm Beach 
Gathering Features 
Former U.S. Surgeon 
General; Rabbs 
Donate $1 Million 

Researchers at The Heller 
School's Institute for Health 
Policy have received a five- 
year, $15 million contract — 
one of the largest single 
awards in the University's 
history — to conduct a national 
study on substance abuse 
treatment services. The Drug 
Services Research Survey will 
be headed by Human Services 
Research Professor Constance 
Horgan, director of the 
institute's substance abuse 
department, with associate 
research professors Helen 
Levine Batten and Mary Ellen 
Marsden. The first study to 
analyze treatment systems 
along national lines, it is being 
funded by the U.S. Substance 
Abuse and Mental Health 
Services Administration. 

The Drug Services Research 
Survey expands on a 1990 
survey completed by the 
institute's substance abuse 
department at the request of 
the White House. It will 
collect nationally 
representative data on drug 
treatment facilities and the 
organizations with which they 
are affiliated and will study 
clients in treatment. Brandeis 
is being assisted by Westat Inc. 
and the Center for Studies on 
Addiction at the University of 

Friends and officials of the 
University celebrated the 
30th anniversary of the first 
Brandeis meeting in Palm 
Beach with a gathering that 
featured former U.S. Surgeon 
General C. Everett Koop. 
The event was held in 
February at the Palm Beach 
home of Abraham Gosman, 
primary benefactor of the 
Gosman Sports and 
Convocation Center. Koop 
discussed the future of health 
care in the United States. 
The three-hour reception 
was designed specifically to 
show appreciation for the 
many individuals and 
families who have supported 
and continue to support the 

4 Brandeis Review 

University. Norman and 
Eleanor Rabb were honored 
at the event for their lifetime 
of service and generosity to 
Brandeis. Mr. Rabb is a 
founding Trustee of the 
University and a major 
benefactor of many areas of 
campus, including the 
School of Summer, Special 
and Continuing Studies, 
which is named in his and 
Mrs. Rabb's honor. The 
Rabbs have announced plans 
to give SI million to the 
University. University 
officials are weighing 
priorities before earmarking 
this latest Rabb gift. 

President Samuel O. Thiei, 
left, awarding a gift of 
appreciation of their lifetime 
of support to Brandeis to 
Norman and Eleanor Rabb 

Rosenstiel Awards 

Professor Paul Nurse of the 
Department of Biochemistry, 
Oxford University, and 
Professor Leland Hartwell, 
Department of Genetics, 
University of Washington, 
received the 1993 Rosenstiel 
Awards for Distinguished 
Work in Basic Medical 
Research for their pioneering 
and fruitful application of 
genetic methods to define 
and characterize the 
molecules that control the 
cukaryotic cell cycle. 
Hartwell, who received his 
Ph.D. from the 
Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology, has worked at 
the Salk Institute and held 
faculty positions at the 
University of California, 
Irvine. The president of the 
Genetics Society of America 
in 1991, he has received 
many awards, mcludmg the 
Guggenheim Award, the 
Hoffman LaRoche Mattia 
Award and the Gairdner 
Foundation Award. Nurse, 
who received his Ph.D. from 
the University of East 
Anglia, is an international 
lecturer and was the Iveagh 
Professor of Microbiology at 
the University of Oxford 
from 1987 to 1991. Among 
his awards are the CIBA 
Medal of the U.K. 
Biochemical Society, the 
Louis Jeantet Prize and the 
Gairdner Foundation Award. 

The Rosenstiel Award was 
established at Brandeis in 
1971 to honor outstanding 
life scientists for discoveries 
of particular originality and 
importance to basic medical 
research. Recipients are 
chosen on the advice of a 
panel of experts from the 
Boston-area biomedical 
community. Among the 
previous winners are nine 
scientists who later went on 
to win the Nobel Prize. 

Celebrates Black 
History Month 

Because there is no one 
definition of being black, the 
theme of this year's Black 
History Month was "To Be 
Black," and highlighted the 
positive aspects of black 
American history. Some 
events of Brandeis's Black 
History Month celebration 
included: a showing of 
"African- American 
Perspectives; The Lois Foster 
Exhibition of Boston Area 
Artists" at the Rose Art 
Museum; a talk entitled 
"Black Liberation of 
Concentration Camps"; a 
showing of the documentary 
Liberators: Fighting on Two 
Fronts in World War II. a 
seminar for black students 
sponsored by the 

Festival of the Arts 

The Brandeis University 
1993 Festival of the Arts 
took place on campus April 
16-30, encompassing 
performances, lectures and 
exhibits in music, dance, 
theater, poetry and the visual 
arts. This year's festival 
included performances of 
R.U.R.; a lecture by Igor 
Kipnis on the career of his 
father, Metropolitan Opera 
star Alexander Kipnis; a 
performance of music from 
the late 1 700s by Igor Kipnis 
on his fortepiano; a talk on 
the Rose Art Museum's 
permanent collection 
exhibition "PREFAB: 
Reconsidering the Legacy of 
the Sixties"; a concert of 
Yiddish dance music; a 
performance of A Woman 's 
Voice: a program of music, 
theater and dance presented 
by faculty members Louise 
Costigan, Jan Curtis, Susan 
Dibble and Mary Lowry; and 
a perfonnance of the 
Brandeis Jazz Ensemble. The 

University's Hiatt Career 
Development Center; a film 
and talk by Rev. Nathaniel 
Mays, the Brandeis 
Protestant chaplain, on 
"Eurocentric Standards of 
Beauty"; a lecture by Ibrahim 
Sundiata, professor of African 
and Afro- American studies, 
on "Media Images of 
Blacks"; a community 
service day; and "Sister, 
Sister," a one- woman 
performance by Viney 
Burrows, a black feminist. 

Iduice Johnson '94 performs 
an original work at the 
opening of Black History 

1993 Creative Arts Awap 
were presented to Claes 
Oldenberg for art, Todd 
Haynes for film, Debora 
Greger for creative writing 
and Arthur Kriegcr for music 

Debora Greger, Todd 
Haynes, Arthur Krieger, 
Clnes Oldenburg 

5 Spring 1993 

Michal Regunberg 
'72 Named Director 
of Public Affairs 


Sports Notes 

Michal Regunberg '72, a 
journalist, political adviser 
and communications 
specialist, has been named 
director of public affairs at 
Brandeis. She has 
responsibility for 
communications and public 
relations initiatives to 
promote the faculty and 
academic programs at the 
University. She also is 
responsible for monitoring 
and coordinating Brandeis's 
federal relations program and 
for supervising the news 
bureau and photography 
department. Regunberg holds 
advanced degrees in 
journalism and pubic 
administration from 
Northwestern University 
and the Kennedy School at 
Harvard. Before accepting her 
position and Brandeis, she 
directed the Institute for 

On the Road to 

Democratic Communication 
at Boston University, where 
she taught undergraduate 
and graduate courses. 
Regunberg has worked at 
WEEI/CBS radio in Boston, 
where she was an award- 
winning editorial writer,- as 
producer of a weekly news 
analysis show for pubhc 
television in Dallas,- and as 
director of communications 
for the Massachusetts 
Department of Public 
Welfare. She served as issues 
director for U.S. Senator John 
F. Kerry's 1984 Senate 
campaign, and as press 
secretary for John Silber's 
1990 Massachusetts 
gubernatorial campaign. 

Beatrice Sherman, a generous 
benefactor to Brandeis 
University, died in February 
at the age of 97. She was a 
1920 graduate of Emerson 

She and her late husband, 
George, established the 
George and Beatrice Sherman 
Family Trust, which 
endowed Sherman Hall at 
Brandeis. She was a Fellow of 
Brandeis University, an 
honorary trustee of Boston 
University, University 
Hospital, Beth Israel 
Hospital, Hebrew 
Rehabilitation Center for the 
Aged and an incorporator of 
the Museum of Science in 
Boston. Her son, Norton 
Sherman, is a University 
Fellow and has supported 
Brandeis through the years, 
particularly the Hornstein 
Program in Jewish 
Communal Service. 

Home on the Charles 

Everybody has a place they 
call home. Dorothy had 
Kansas. Clinton has Hope. 
Brandeis crew has the 
Charles River. In the past, 
the river, which winds past 
Waltham through Cambridge 
and into Boston, was home 
primarily to recreational 
rowers and the Harvard 
Crew. For years these lucky 
few enjoyed the peaceful 
river and the beauty along its 
banks. But in recent years 
many schools in the Boston 
area, including Brandeis, 
have formed their own 
crews, opening the sport to 
many new enthusiasts. 

Brandeis crew is not a varsity 
sport, so the road has not 
been easy,- but the team has 
risen to the challenge 
through intense dedication. 
Founded in 1985 by former 
Brandeis faculty member 
Phil Kesten, and some 
adventurous students, the 
crew began with no 
equipment to call their own: 
they borrowed boats and 
boathouses from other crews. 

Schroeder '93, Rachel 
Burrows '93 and Adjunct 
Professor of Theater Arts 
John Bush Jones 

6 Brandeis Review 

Adjunct Professor of Theater 
Arts John Bush Jones, Rachel 
Burrows '93 and Rachel 
Schroeder '93 entertain 
guests at the National 
Women's Committee's 
Faculty Luncheon with their 
own theatrical presentation, 
\ "The Wendy Chronicles: 
Wendy Wasserstein from 
Holyoke to Heidi and 
Beyond." Theirs was one of 
40 lectures and presentations 
made to Women's 
Committee's chapters across 
the country by faculty 
members during 
intersession. Now in its 20th 
year, the Women's 
Committee's University on 
Wheels Program also 
featured talks this year by 
David Murray, assistant 
professor of anthropology; 
Gordon Fellman, associate 

professor of sociology; Susan 
Moeller, assistant professor 
of American studies; Stephen 
Whitfield, Max Richter 
Professor of American 
History; Jacob Cohen, 
associate professor of 
American studies; Alan 
Levitan, associate professor 
of English and American 
literature; William Flesch, 
associate professor of English 
and American literature; 
James Mandrell, associate 
professor of Spanish and 
comparative literature; Jan 
Curtis, lecturer in theater 
arts; and Rudolph Binion, 
Leff Families Professor of 
Modem European History. 

For its first foray into the 
Head of the Charles, the 
largest annual 5,000 meter (3 
mile) race held m the United 
States, the crew bartered for 
a boat. In exchange for 
scraping paint off MIT's 
boathouse, the crew was able 
to use one of MIT's shells. 
Unfortunately the skeg, 
which helps steer the boat, 
disengaged, causing accidents 
with other boats and a last- 
place finish. Eight years, 
three coaches and many rows 
later, the dedication has paid 
off. Last semester, the 
men's heavyweights, in a 
Brandeis-owned boat, 
finished only a minute 
behind the top crew in their 
Head of the Charles race. 

Accomplishing goals in a 
nontraditional manner is part 
of the charm of Brandeis and 
the crew works in that spirit 
to get things done. Due to 
the expense — boats cost 
between $8,000 and $16,000 

Below, women crew members 
sitting by the Charles out of 
season are, from left, feanie 
Jung '95, Abra Greenberg '95, 
Rachel Hanig '96 and 
Michelle Jaeger '93 

Right, rowing on the Charles 
in season are. from left, 
coxswain Jen Boyle '93, 
Gideon Sanders '93, David 
Runck '93, Mike Robinson 
'95 and Josh Leichman '95 

and each oar costs at least 
$250— crew is often 
considered a sport of the rich. 

At Brandeis, crew is a club 
sport, dependent on the 
generosity of the Student 
Senate and various 
innovative activities for its 
funding. Fund-raising 
activities include selling t- 
shirts, biannually selling 
parents care packages, which 
are handmade by team 
members and delivered to 
students during finals, and an 
aimual Row-A-Thon. For this 
event the ergometers 
(commonly referred to as 
ergs), which are rowing 
machines, are moved into 
the Usdan Student Center for 
the day. There, team 
members row in half-hour 
increments. Sponsored by 
friends, family and 
professors, they earn money 
for each meter rowed. 

Though the crew may not 
have a large budget, it is rich 
in dedication. There are two 
seasons for crew, fall and 
spring. The fall race season 
lasts only about three weeks 
and is capped off by the Head 
of the Charles in late 
October. The spring season 
begins in late March, when 
the river is no longer covered 
in ice. This season lasts 
about six weeks, and is 
capped off locally by the 
New England 

Championships, and 
nationally by the Dad Vails, 
which are held in 

The crew hits the water in 
early September and 
practices lor three to four 
weeks before an actual race 
takes place. Water practices 
consist of rising between 5 
am and 5:30 am five days a 
week so rowers can catch a 
ride to the boathouse and 
begin practice at 6 am. On 
the water, rowers attempt to 
improve their technique by 
rowing up and down the 
river and by practicing drills. 

While this schedule sounds 
arduous to outsiders, for 
team members crew is an 
addiction. Whether it is the 
challenge of making multiple 
bodies work as one, or the 
click-click-whoosh noise 
that comes with every 
stroke, there is something 
magical about the sport. In 
addition to a good physical 
workout, rowers enjoy 
watching the sun rise in the 
chilly mist and, during the 
fall season, savoring New 
England's spectacular foliage. 

Once the fall season ends, 
the rowers gain an hour of 
sleep and move indoors to 
the Gosman Center for their 
training, commonly referred 
to as land practice. Here they 
divide their time between 
aerobic and strength 
conditioning, biking, 
Stairmastering, weight 
lifting, calisthenics and 
plyometrics six days a week. 

All this exercise and caily 
morning activity makes 
many non-rowers shudder. 
OthLi students tease team 
members, and some people 
refuse to join because the 
early hours for sleeping and 
waking seem imposing. 
But team members don't see 
the routine that way. This 
year crew recruiting signs 
read, "It's not early, it's 
family." Though the slogan 
might sound corny to 
outsiders, for those on the 
team it rings true. "In my 
four years on crew I've made 
friendships that last," says 
David Runck '93. 

In addition to the benefit of a 
family atmosphere, crew 
members learn academic 
discipline quickly. According 
to head coach and former 
rower Shaun Budka '89, 
members of the team have 
some of the highest GPAs 
among student athletes at 

Signs of success have already 
emerged, both this year in 
the Head of the Charles, and 
last year on two occasions. 
The first came when the 
men's lightweight boat 
finished first in a race in 
New Hampshire. The second 
came at the New England 
Championships, an 
invitational race that not 
only determines the best 
crews in New England, but 
whether or not a crew will be 
invited to participate in the 
Dad Vails. The men's 
heavyweight boat surprised 
everyone, defeating such top 
crews as Tufts and longtime 
rival Amherst, finishing 
sixth overall. 

The team races in two types 
of boats: "fours," which hold 
four rowers and a coxswain, 
and "eights," which hold 
eight rowers and a coxswain. 
This past fall Brandeis Crew 
purchased a four for use by 
the lightweight women and 
placed orders for a men's 
lightweight four and eight as 
well. In addition, a pair that 
seats two was donated. 
These boats bring the grand 
total of Brandeis's fleet to 
four fours, five eights and a 
pair. It would seem that 
Brandeis now has plenty of 
boats, but most are not in 
racing condition. Three of 
the eights are made of wood 
and are useful only for 
teaching novices. 

To help pay for these new 
boats Brandeis Crew has 
mounted its largest fund- 
raiser to date. One boat 
named after Brandeis's 
Founding President, Abram 
Sachar, and his wife, Thelma, 
was unveiled and named in a 
ceremony last spring. 

In addition to these new 
boats, Budka has added two 
new coaches to his staff. Elly 
Churchill, recently graduated 
from Connecticut Wesleyan 
where she was part of an 
award-winning crew, has 
taken over as the novice 
women's coach. Kim Littel, a 
former Tufts rower with 
13 years of rowing 
experience, has assumed 
direction of the novice men's 
program. Brandeis Crew is 
looking forward to what 
promises to be an exciting 
future on the river they call 
home, the Charles. 

Michelle Jaeger '93 

7 Spring 1993 

From Cocky 
Student to Seasoned 

An Architect 

by Michael Haupfman 73 

During my second year at Brandeis, I 
wrote a paper called "The Architecture of 
Brandeis University" for a survey course 
in modern architecture. After visiting the 
campus last fall, I pulled it from the 
bottom of a box in my basement. The 
paper described the history of Brandeis 
architecture and the University's 
development as a campus and detailed 
a building-by-building cntique of every 
structure. I had review/ed each building's 
design evolution based upon renderings 
of early schemes pulled from dusty 
storage rooms and forgotten file 
cabinets. I concluded by offering what I 
had thought at the time was an insightful 
"remedial" program to improve the 
campus's built environment. 

Wincing frequently, I made my painful 
way through its 52 supercilious, insolent 
and disparaging pages. Although I 
credited the occasional design success 
with a magnanimous nod to its 
architects, I heaped the ultimate blame 
for every all-to-common mediocrity and 
perceived architectural shortfall squarely 
in their laps. Now after 16 years of 
architectural practice that includes the 

design of numerous projects on college 
campuses, I find my sophomoric 
observations embarrassingly clumsy. 
My awareness of tfie architectural 
design process hiad matured. 

While I was a student at Brandeis, my 
interest in architecture mushroomed 
into something close to an obsession. I 
immersed myself in the architecture of 
the campus with a zeal and solemnity 
that would have made Howard Roark 
look indifferent, and I was always 
engrossed in a project that focused on 
some aspect of campus design or 
architectural history. I would wander 
through the construction sites of Usdan 
and Sachar in the late afternoons after 
the workers had left and pore over the 
foreman's drawings trying to envision 
the finished building and understand 
the construction process. This passion 
led to my participation in an exhibit in 
my junior year at the Rose Art Museum 
celebrating 25 years of Brandeis 
architecture entitled "Brandeis Under 

Construction." The show included 
hundreds of photographs, and featured 
a number of essays and a walking tour. 
My responsibilities included the 
photography, the design and 
production of the catalog and the 
walking tour. 

When I visited Brandeis last fall, 20 
years had passed since I had spent my 
undergraduate days there. As I 
wandered down familiar walkways, I 
carried an earlier image with me, a 
picture that was slowly superimposed 
by the numerous physical changes that 
dotted the campus: a large new 
building: a bridge over South Street; a 
building, newly completed when I 
attended classes there, now covered in 

At first, I noted no striking 
environmental consequence from these 
additions and alterations. But as I 
analyzed, I became aware that the 
accumulated effect of these campus 
developments had signaled a new 
phase: the campus, too, had matured. 

The Brandeis campus during my tenure 
in the early 1970s was the result of 
over 20 years of nonstop construction. 
Just before I arrived as a student, two 
large projects, the Spingold Theater 
and the Gerstenzang Science 
Quadrangle, were completed. In the 
tour years that I was an undergraduate, 
Usdan Student Center, Sachar 
International Center, Feldberg 
Communications Center, Rosenstiel, 
Lown, Mailman and Pollack were all 
built. In addition, the remnants of the 
old Library, which had spent its final 
years as the Bookstore and Mailroom, 
were demolished and Ullman 
Amphitheater burned almost to the 
ground one night dunng an eerie mid- 
winter electrical storm. All of these 
buildings were part of a vague, ever- 
changing master plan and created a 
campus that appeared at the time both 
increasingly crowded yet somehow 


Brandeis's architecture had always 
been unabashedly Modern, and it 
strove, with varying degrees ot 
success, for design excellence. Though 
no project could be said to be at the 
cutting edge of contemporary 
architectural thought, a few buildings, 
namely the three chapels and the 
academic quadrangle (Shiftman, 
Golding and Olin-Sang), gained 
national attention as well-designed 
groups of related structures. 

The campus read as a primer of 
mainstream postwar American 
architecture. The earlier buildings of 
Eero Saarinen (Ridgewood, 1948; 
Sherman, 1952), Shepley Bulfinch 
(Kalman, 1956) and Harrison & 
Abramovitz (Pearlman, [formerly Rabb] 
c. 1955; Stoneman, c. 1954; Morton 
May, [formerly Mailman, soon to be 
Shapiro] 1956) were all modest, 
handsome structures that followed 
strict International Style tenets, 
softened by a romantic use of brick and 
a more organic attitude toward siting. 

Reflecting the early 1960s trend toward 
the humanization of modern 
architecture, more mannered designs, 
including scalloped rooflines and 
curvilinear forms, gained popularity. In 
the mid-sixties, we saw more sculptural 
designs that boldly expressed the 
structural components of the building. 
Those qualities found in the many 
handsome projects by Benjamin 
Thompson, including the academic 
quadrangle and the social science 
group (Lemberg, Brown and Schwartz 
Halls), and the Rosenthal dormitories 
by Sasaki, Dawson & DeMay, 
improved the overall architectural 
appearance of the Brandeis campus. 
The architectural style represented by 
the Thompson and Sasaki buildings 
was adopted on campuses throughout 
New England. Thompson's "Brandeis 
Bench," ubiquitous throughout his 
buildings on the campus, became a 
staple of area college interiors. 

Architect's sketch of 
the Gasman Sports and 
Convocation Center 

Architecturally speaking, Brandeis, 
founded in the late 1940s, never had to 
shoulder the weight of history: even the 
Castle, which by its sheer size, 
eccentricity and ersatz historicism, 
might have set an early stylistic tone for 
the nascent campus design, was 
largely ignored by succeeding 
architects. Older campuses, founded 
during more eclectic times, had 
modelled their buildings on historic 
styles and had been content to 
continue their Georgian or Gothic or 
Jacobean traditions well into this 
century. With the advent of the Modern 
movement and its universal 
acceptance in the 1940s, campuses 
were assaulted by buildings whose 
scale and style fought with the 
historicism of the existing buildings. 
Students of architecture, until well into 
the early 1 970s, were taught that the 
use of historical imagery in modern 
architecture was unthinkable. It was 
generally accepted that the Art Deco 
and Modern periods of the 1920s and 
1930s represented spineless attempts 
to feed Modernism to an unwilling 
public, and had no real validity or 
architectural significance. 

By 1970, some fairly jarhng results 
were visible on college campuses. To 
soften the effect of new buildings on 
old campuses, a few architects began 
tentative experiments with 
"contextualism," the practice of 
designing a Modern building to defer to 
its historical context. Paul Rudolph's art 
center at Wellesley, for example, made 
architectural news by using tracery-like 
sunscreens and prominent vertical 
skylights to harmonize with its 
overwhelmingly Gothic setting. 
Saarinen's Morse & Stiles Colleges at 
Yale derived a decidedly medieval 
quality from the use of rustic forms and 
materials. Public policy began to 
recognize historic preservation as a 
desirable alternative to wholesale 
replacement, although some early 

attempts are considered disasters 
today. Projects at Harvard and 
Wellesley were applauded as visionary 
where outdated interiors were gutted 
and rebuilt as modern spaces, and 
historical, multipaned window frames 
were pulled and replaced with large 
sheets of plate glass. 

Although it was not obvious at the time, 
the four years that I was at Brandeis 
began a period of significant 
architectural transition that continues 
today. Robert Venturi, the Philadelphia 
architect generally regarded as the 
"father of Post-Modernism," published 
his seminal work. Complexity and 
Contradiction in Arciiitecture, in 1966. 
Widely read, its influence was still very 
much at the fringes of the profession. 
His second book. Learning from Las 
Vegas (1972), which would pull him 
solidly into the inner circle of 
architectural recognition, was just 
reaching the bookstore shelves. The 
influential "Beaux Arts" show at the 
Museum of Modern Art (1974), 
showcasing extravagant Neo-Classical 
designs rendered in lush watercolors, 
was about to be held, inspiring a 
generation of architectural students to 
reexplore turn-of-the-century design 
and presentation techniques. And I.M. 
Pel's controversial John Hancock 
building was rising in Copley Square. 

10 Brandeis Review 


^ ^ pn^ Bdiltllj EGm 




To allay burgeoning fears of thiis 
enormous modern intruder on the 
delicate 1 9tfn-century square, its 
designers created a ttiin unobtrusive 
wedge form covered in mirrors in an 
unconvincing effort to make it invisible. 
Today, it is a greatly admired building 
tfiat straddles the time line between the 
demise of the minimalist and unloved 
glass box and the start of the period of 
expressive, sculptural skyscrapers. In 
1973, its historical position was not yet 
apparent. Philip Johnson's Boston 
Public Library addition deferred to the 
original building with its similar form 
and use of materials, but he was still 
several years away from his startling 
AT&T building (1978), whose 
Chippendale top finally gave Post- 
Modernism its push into mainstream 
corporate design and swept away the 
Modern Movement's ban on historical 

This freedom of expression, not at all 
apparent in the early 1970s, is the 
hallmark of architecture today. From 
the vantage point of this freer attitude, I 
could observe the evolution of the 
Brandeis campus over the past 20 
years during my recent visit. And the 
professional experience over the last 
several years of designing college 
buildings has afforded me insight into 
the remarkably collaborative process in 
which the architect is but one player. 
Architects, educated and trained to be 
primarily designers, find themselves 
placed in highly politicised settings, 
where they are called upon to be 
diplomats, salespeople and skilled 
arbitrators as well. The design project, I 
have learned over the years, should be 
judged by the success of the process, 
not necessarily by the final product. 

The work our firm has done at a small 
liberal arts college on Maryland's 
Eastern Shore illustrates this point. 
Though none of the original buildings 
from its 18th-century founding has 
survived, the campus is inescapably 
Georgian in appearance. Like other 
institutions of that vintage, the college 

1 2 Brandeis Review 

was able to maintain its stylistic 
cohesion up until the 1960s by reviving 
the Georgian motifs for every new 
building constructed. Over the past 25 
years, however, a number of bland, 
poorly sited. Modern buildings have 
been introduced that decline to 
conform to the established style. The 
effect is one of mediocrity. 

In 1982. the new college president 
initiated a program to redesign the 
campus by encouraging more 
distinctive architectural design and 
cohesive campus planning. A new 
master plan established strong axial 
relationships between previously 
unrelated buildings, and the liberating 
effects of Postmodernism allowed new 
buildings to borrow from the Georgian 
precedent and strengthen the 
campus's overall image. 

An old, abandoned boiler house found 
itself in a prominent location on one of 
these new axes. Rather than tear it 
down, the college elected to renovate it 
as a new home for its growing fine arts 

program. A handsome brick structure, 
designed in a sort of "Industrial 
Georgian" style, it had a double-height 
basement space with no ground floor 
level and a steep, gabled roof with 
exposed trusses. When Brawer & 
Hauptman became involved in the 
project, a schematic design by another 
architectural firm had already been 
completed but was rejected due to an 
anticipated cost overrun. The original 
architects had shown no interest in 
redesigning the project to bring it within 
the budget, so we were asked to take 
over the design. Because of the 
sensitive circumstances surrounding 
the replacement of the previous 
architect, we would be working on the 
project with the construction manager 
and the college's planning director but 
would have no relationship with the 
donor or the art department. 

Our charge was to work with a design 
that was generally approved and find a 
way to halve the cost. The major 
components of the design were the 
insertion of a floor at grade that would 
create basement studios for 
printmaking, sculpture and ceramics, 

and first floor painting studio, with an 
adjacent skylit gallery: a sunken 
sculpture garden tied to a new entry 
pavilion, enclosing an interior stair; and 
a bi-level "cube" centrally located within 
the painting studio that would have 
interior storage, with blackboards, sinks 
and drawers around its exterior and an 
instructor's office on top. 

Our first attempt at cost-cutting was a 
design that eliminated the sculpture 
garden, entry pavilion, skylights and 
cube. We demonstrated that the 
program requirements could be 
adequately met within the walls of the 
existing structure. We found a way to 
open portions of the basement to light 
from above, and we designed storage 
for the painting studio that did not 
interrupt the wonderful sense of light 
and space that the high, gabled roof 
provided. Although the new design was 
within the budget, it was rejected. The 
notion of an entry pavilion had to be 
retained: it was felt that the boiler 

house alone did not provide an image 
of sufficient distinction to honor the 
donor's generosity. The efforts to bring 
natural light into the basement studios 
proved unwelcome. Contemporary 
thinking dictates that art objects that 
will be viewed ultimately in artificially lit 
galleries should be created in artificially 
lit studios, thereby crushing my 
memories of many happy hours spent 
in Goldman-Schwartz looking up at the 
trees through its huge, apparently 
obsolete north-facing windows. The 
skylight deletion survived, but the final 
word on the cube elimination awaited 
the completion of the building. 

With the entry pavilion firmly 
established as a given, our task was to 
design a structure that was both 
economical and distinguished. The 
design would be sympathetic and 
derivative, but unmistakably 
contemporary. The pavilion's roofline 
became one of the more controversial 
aspects of the building. We felt that a 
gable was too literal a reflection of the 
existing building, and would appear 
awkwardly one-dimensional: it would 
look fine if the building were viewed 
only from the front, but would be weak 
from any other perspective. We 
preferred a hipped roof, which seemed 
to be a more three-dimensional 
solution. For a meeting held to decide 
the fate of the roof design, we created 
a model with interchangeable roofs as 
an effective device to illustrate our 
point. Nonetheless, the gable was 
chosen hands down. 

The use of color played a significant 
role in the design of the art center. 
Paint can be an economical way to add 
drama and delight to a budget- 
conscious project. Our design called for 
all of the exterior window frames to be 
painted a deep forest green, the 

Michael Hauptman 
graduated from Brandeis 
magna cum laude with 
honors in fine arts in 1973 
and received his master's 
degree in architecture from 
the University of 
Pennsylvania's Graduate 
School of Fine Arts. He 
apprenticed at the 
Philadelphia firm of Baker 
Rothschild Horn BIyth where 
he became an associate in 
1979. In 1981 he joined the 
Rothschild Company, which 
specialized in rehabilitation, 
adaptive reuse and historic 
preservation. Hauptman was 
project architect for a 
number of large scale 
restoration projects in 
Philadelphia and central 
Pennsylvania involving the 
conversion of historically 
certified schools and 
commercial structures to 

In 1986, he became a 
cofounder of Brawer & 
Hauptman, Architects. In 
addition to various 
residential, commercial and 
office renovation projects. 

many of which were 
historically certified, the firm 
has designed numerous 
college and university 
projects. These include food 
service, dining room and 
convenience store projects 
at Edinboro University and 
Shippensburg University in 
western and central 
Pennsylvania: sorority and 
fraternity house renovations 
at the University of 
Pennsylvania in 
Philadelphia; office, 
laboratory and lecture hall 
renovations at Hahnemann 
University in Philadelphia: 
and the Constance Stuart 
Larrabee Arts Center and 
Hodson Hall Student Center 
projects at Washington 
College in Chestertown, 
Maryland. Hauptman has 
been teaching an 
architectural workshop for 
Temple University's Institute 
for Continuing Studies since 
1978. He lives in 
Philadelphia with his wife 
and two children. Hauptman 
traveled to campus in April 
to participate in the Sixth 
Annual Brandeis 
Architectural Symposium, 
"The Master Plan: Campus 
Design Past, Present and 
Future. " 

network of steel trusses supporting the 
roof of the painting studio to be a bright 
blue, and the recessed, cove-lit ceiling 
of the entry pavilion to be a soft peach 
color that would enhance the entry's 
warm, inviting glow after dark. The 
green windows created such an outcry 
that they were repainted white before 
we even had a chance to see them. 
The blue trusses were rejected 
because it was feared that any color 
but white in any studio would adversely 
affect the quality of the light. This 
reasoning does not, however, explain 
the elimination of the peach paint in the 
lobby. The stair rail was allowed to 
remain green although, I am told, it was 
a close call. 

Following the building's completion, the 
art department determined that the 
cube would indeed be built in the 
middle of the painting studio. In an 
effort to minimize the intrusion, we 
proposed a modestly proportioned 
structure that made use of transparent 
materials and generous openings. The 
department offered its own design that 

was larger, taller and completely 
opaque, a solution that was finally 
constructed in the space. We think its 
presence utterly changes the quality of 
the space and the intent of the design. 

The completion of the art center, 
despite any controversy rooted in the 
process or any disappointments felt by 
its architects, was met with broad 
satisfaction by the college and the 
donor. As a result, we were asked to 
design the renovations to the lower 
level of the student center building, a 
project with twice the budget and 
scope. This project, which was to be 
constructed in several phases, included 
a new student lounge, snack bar and 
student activity room and renovations 
to the lobby and faculty dining room, 
was led by a blue-ribbon panel of high 
level administration members, food 
service directors, staff and students. 
This committee took part in every 

14 Brandeis Review 

design decision and attended every 
presentation. Because tine group's 
members were by no means of equal 
status, nor did they speak at all times 
with a single voice, it became part of 
the architect's role to determine 
tactfully which members to respond to 
during the design process. In contrast 
to the art center project, where we 
were prevented from interacting directly 
with the ultimate user and had no role 
in its final furnishing, we were asked to 
select the furniture, fabric, carpets, 
lamps and paint colors for the student 
center project. Except for one instance 
of disagreement over the color of the 
sofas, which was resolved by amicable 
and diplomatic compromise, all of our 
recommendations were adopted. 
During the planning of the project a 
new president was installed, with a new 
agenda and a different set of priorities. 
With the completion of the first phase, 
the project is on indefinite hold, 
awaiting further funding. 

Our experience with both projects, and 
with every campus design project we 
have undertaken, has supported my 
belief that producing a building is a 
collaborative effort in which the 
architect plays many roles. Although 
the architects' successes are judged by 
the product, it is their ability to 
challenge, inspire or cajole their clients 
into expressing their needs, and then to 
synthesize those diverse and 
sometimes conflicting chteha along 
with other political, physical, regulatory 
and aesthetic influences to produce a 
building that satisfies as many of these 
issues as possible. 

I can now look at the Brandeis campus 
with an appreciation for the 
complicated design process that must 
have preceded the construction 
of many of its more