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Full text of "The monumental brasses of Gloucestershire"

THE LIBRARY 
OF 

THE UNIVERSITY 

OF CALIFORNIA 

LOS ANGELES 






THE 

MONUMENTAL BRASSES 

OF 

GLOUCESTERSHIRE. 



THE 

Monumental Brasses 

OF 

Gloucestershire. 



CECIL T. DAVIS, 

Member of the Biistol and Glouccstersliire Arcluvological Society. 




Xondon: 

Phillimore & Co., 36, Essex Street. Strand, 
1899. 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2008 with funding from 

Microsoft Corporation 



» http://www.archive.org/details/brassesofgloucesOOdavi 



Ms 

mi 



IN 

MEMORY 

OF 

MY FATHER, 

5/// NOVEMBER, 1897. 






PREFACE. 



Scattered over the county of Gloucester, sometimes in 
out-of-the-way places, are still to be found a goodly number of 
those very interesting memorials called Monumental Brasses. 
These brasses are worthy of more than a passing notice, 
they furnish us with information most valuable to the 
historian, both general and local, and give many details 
of much importance to the herald, genealogist and antiquary. 
To the general reader they are equally interesting, since they 
are richly suggestive, and full of the touching pathos of the 
past. They clearly mark the successive steps of our nation's 
progress — they tell of those stern and terrible times of strife 
and glory through which England has passed — they bear 
silent witness to those grand and far-reaching changes which 
have made our country what it is — and they give an insight 
into the currents of thought and feeling which deeply moved 
our forefathers. 

Gloucestershire contains more than eighty of these incised 
memorials, embracing a period of several centuries. In 
one place we have the valorous knight clad in glittering coat 
of steel — in another a tonsured ecclesiastic in vestments rich 
and elaborate — then the gentlewoman in the costume peculiar 
to her time — but whether knight, or priest, or lady fair, each 
is of importance in giving with remarkable fidelity a life-like 
picture of the military, sacerdotal, and domestic life of by- 
gone times. 

One cannot but deeply regret that these unobtrusive 
memorials have suffered much mutilation and spoliation at 
the hands of the thief and the religious fanatic, as well as from 
the culpable neglect of their lawful custodians. Many brasses, 



whose matrices alone are left to record the melancholy fact, 
are utterly lost and doubtless many more have perished of 
whose existence not a trace remains. One would fain hope 
that every particle still left us will be jealously guarded and 
saved from further harm by those to whom the care of them 
is entrusted. As works of art, many being of the finest 
execution and of great merit, they are deserving of careful 
preservation. They form an attractive class of engraved 
portraitures in metal. Among them will be found the quaint, 
the picturesque, the bold, the simple, the graceful and the 
magnificent; even to the casual observer they are each and 
all of them attractive. 

Trusting to awaken interest in, and to draw attention to, 
these long neglected memorials, descriptions are now given of 
those Brasses in this county, on which are engraven figures of 
men and women and children. Mere inscriptions, and even 
those accompanied by coats of arms, have been omitted. I 
shall always be glad to hear of any discoveries of brasses or 
matrices which may be made in the county. 

Much might be said of the fascination that a study of these 
memorials induces. One is brought, as it were, into contact 
with the ages in which the persons commemorated played their 
respective parts in the great drama of life. 

The series is a thoroughly representative one, deeply 
interesting and instructive. The examples too are varied. 
We have the knightly effigy of the doughty warrior as well as 
that of the peaceful citizen ; the stoled priest in vestments 
rich, the uplifted chalice ; as also " ye ladye faire " arrayed in 
the quaint though costly dresses of the olden time ; the 
wealthy woolstapler, ancestor of a noble house ; the grave 
judge in his official robes, and even the miner in his work-a- 
day homely garb, carrying his mattock — all are included. 

I beg to thank many friends — some alas ! are no more — for 
much valuable help most ungrudgingly given, and especially 
I wish to offer my acknowledgments to the clergy without 
whose kind permission I should have been unable to obtain 
the many rubbings needed to render this series of Glouces- 
tershire Brasses complete. 



It gives me much pleasure to express the great indebted- 
ness I owe to the Rev. C. G. R. Birch, LL.M., for the 
excellent metrical translations of the quaint Latin inscriptions, 
and to Mr. H. E. Jackson for the great care he has devoted 
to the illustrations. 

The Rev. W. E. Hadow, M.A., Vicar of South Cerney, 
described the Monumental Brasses at Cirencester in a paper 
which appeared in the Transactions of the Bristol and 
Gloucestershire Archaeological Society for 1877. By his kind 
permission some of his descriptions have been reprinted. I also 
acknowledge my indebtedness to the late Sir YYollaston Franks. 
F.S.A., and Sir John Maclean, F.S.A., also to the Rev. W. 
Bazeley, M.A., Rev. J. M. Hall, M.A., the late Rev. T. P. 
Wadley, M.A., Messrs. C. R. B. Barrett, M.A., the late J. H. 
Cooke, F.S.A., E. H. W. Dunkin, R. L. Leighton, F. W. 
Newton, the late J. D. T. Niblett, F.S.A., Mill Stephenson, 
F.S.A. T. Wareing, and A. E. Hudd, F.S.A. 

The index has been made by Mr. F. YY. Short, Hon. 
Secretary of the Monumental Brass Society, and it greatly 
enhances any value there may be in the work. 

At the spring meeting of the Bristol and Gloucestershire 
Archaeological Society, in April, 1882, I read a paper on the 
Brasses of Gloucestershire ; a promise was then made of col- 
lecting the rubbings of the Monumental Brasses in the county, 
and describing them in detail. These accounts were com- 
menced in the issue of the Gloucester Journal in May, 1882, 
and were finished in April, 1890. Some of the descriptions 
were reprinted in local newspapers, as the Evesham Journal and 
Four Shires Advertiser, and the Stroud Journal. 

The following pages are the descriptions mentioned above, 
they having been carefully re-read before being printed in 
book form. They have appeared as a separately paged 
supplement of Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. The first 
instalment appeared in the issue dated January, 1894, an< ^ 
the last in 1899. 

The following arrangement has as far as practicable been 
observed in the several descriptions of the Brasses. — (1) An 
abstract of the record of the brass from the " Manual of 



Monumental Brasses," by the Rev. H. Haines, M.A., Part II. 

ed. 1861. (2) The position of the brass in the Church. (3) 

Its size. (4) A description of the figure, etc. (5) Inscription. 

(6) Heraldry. (7) The titles of works in which engravings of 

the brass are extant. (8) What portions, if any, of the brass 

are lost. (9) A brief memoir when possible of the person 

commemorated. The Brasses are described as far as 

possible, in chronological order, following the dates given by 

the Rev. H. Haines. 

Cecil T. Davis. 

Public Library, 

Wandsworth, S.W. 



CONTENTS 



Preface 

List of Brasses ... 

List of Illustrations 

Descriptions of the Brasses 

Summary 

Lost Brasses 

Modern Brasses... 

Corrigenda et Addenda 

Index ... 



xni 
xvii 
i 
200 
206 
221 
222 
225 



List of Brasses, 



I 


C1370 


2 


1392 


3 


1396 


4 


1400 


5 


CI400 


6 


ci 400 


7 


1401 


8 


1401 


9 


1411 


10 


CI411 


ii 


CI430 


12 


1438 


13 


1439 


14 


1440 


15 


1442 



Winterbourne. A lady of the Bradestone family ... 1 
WOTTON-UNDER-EDGE. Thomas, 4th Lord Berkeley, 

and wife Margaret... ... ... ... 2 

Bristol, Temple Church. Civilian, half effigy ... 9 

Deerhurst. Sir John Cassy and wife Alice ... 10 

Cirencester. Wine Merchant (?) and wife Margaret 16 

Northleach. Wool Merchant and wife ... ... 19 

Chipping Campden. William Grevel and wife Marion 21 

Dyrham. Sir Morys Russel and wife Isabel ... 25 

Bristol, Trinity. John Barstaple. ... ... 28 

Bristol, Trinity. Isabella, wife of last ... ... 28 

Quinton. Joan, wife of Sir William Clopton ... 30 

Cirencester. [Richard] Dixton. ... ... 33 

Bristol, St. Mary Redcliff. Sir John Juyn ... 37 

Cirencester. Robert Page and wife Margaret ... 39 
Cirencester. Reginald Spycer and four wives, 

Margaret, Juliana, Margaret, and Joan ... ... 42 

16 C1445 Newland. Man in armour and wife ; crest, represent- 

ing a "free miner" ... ... ... 44 

17 1447 Northleach. Thomas Fortey, imperfect, William 

Scors, and their wife Agnes ... ... ... 48 

Chipping Campden. William Welley and wife Alice 51 

Lechlade. [John Townsend] and wife ... ... 52 

Northleach. [John Fortey] ... ... ... 54 

Bristol, Temple Church. A Priest, on reverse a lady 58 

Bristol, St. Peter. Robert Lond, chaplain ... 58 

Rodmarton. John Edward ... ... ... 60 

Cirencester. William Prelatte and two wives, Agnes 

and Joan ... ... ... ... 62 

Chipping Campden. John Lethenard and wife Joan 66 

Cirencester. William Notyngham and wife Christina 68 
Bristol, St. Mary Redcliff. Philip Mede, Esq., and 

two wives ... ... ... ... 69 



18 


H50 


19 


CI450 


20 


1458 


21 


ci 460 


22 


I461 


23 


I46I 


24 


I462 


25 


I467 


26 


CI47O 


27 


1475 



xiv. LIST OF BRASSES. 

28 1478 Bristol, St. John. Thomas Rowley and wife Margaret 73 

29 1478 Cirencester. Ralph Parsons, priest ... ... 75 

30 C1480 Bristol, St. Mary Redcliff. John Jay and wife Joan 76 

31 C1480 Cirencester. A priest ... .. ... 81 

32 C1480 Cirencester. Civilian and wife ... ... 81 

33 14S4 Chipping Campden. William Gybbys and three wives, 

Alice, Margaret, Marion ... ... ... 82 

34 C1485 Micheldean. Margery and Alice, wives of Thomas 

Baynham ... ... ... ... St, 

35 CI485 Northleach. Woolman and wife ... ... 87 

36 C1490 Northleach. [John Taylour] and wife Joan ... 89 

37 1493 Tormarton. John Ceysyll ... . . ... 91 

38 1497 Cirencester. John Benet and wife Agnes ... 94 

39 1497 Sevenhampton. John Camber ... ... . 95 

40 1500 Fairford. John Tame and wife Alice ... ... 98 

41 C1500 Cirencester. Civilian, head restored ... ... 103 

42 C1500 Minchinhampton. Civilian and wife ... ... 103 

43 1501 Northleach. Robert Serche and wife Anne ... 105 

44 1505 Olveston. Morys Denys and son Sir Walter Denys... 106 

45 C1510 Lechlade. [John Tvvinyhow] ... ... ... 109 

46 ct5io Minchinhampton. John Hampton and wife Elyn in 

shrouds. Their daughter, Dame Alice, in the dress 

of a nun ... ... ... . ] IO 

47 1513 Cheltenham. [Sir Wm. Greville] and wife ... 113 

48 1515 Bisley. Katherine, wife of Thomas Sewell ... 115 

49 1518 Eastington. Elizabeth Knevet... ... ... 117 

50 1519 Gloucester, St. Michael. Alys and Agnes, wives of 

William Henshawe ... ... ... no 

51 1519 Minchinhampton. Edward Halyday and wife Margery 122 

52 C1520 Deerhurst. A lady... ... ... ... 124 

53 C1520 Dowdeswell. A priest ... ... ... 124 

54 1521 Kempsford. Walter Ilichman and wife Cristyan ... 126 

55 1522 Bristol, St. Mary Redcliff. John Brook and wife 

J oan ••• ••• ••• ... ... 127 

56 1523 Newent. Roger Porter, Esq. ... ... ... I2 g 

57 1525 Deerhurst. Elizabeth, wife of Walter Rowdon ... 131 

58 1526 Berkeley. [William Freme] ... . . ... i-, 2 

59 1526 Northleach. Thomas Bushe and wife Joan ... 135 

60 C1530 Cirencester. Two ladies ... ... ... 138 

61 C1530 Northleach. William Lawnder, priest ... ... 139 

62 1534 Fairfolo. Sir Edmond lame and two wives, Elizabeth 

and Agnes .. ... ... ... I4I 



65 


1546 


66 


1559 


6 7 


1560 


68 


i57<» 


6 9 


1 57 1 


70 


1583 



LIST O F BRASSES. xv. 

63 1534 FAIRFORD. Same as last ... ... ... 144 

63A 1540 Gloucester, St. John. John Semys and two wives 149 

64 1544 Gloucester, St. Mary Crypt. John Cooke and wife 

Joan ... ... ... ... ... 154 

1546 WESTON-UPON-AVON. Sir John Greville ... ... 158 

WESTON-UPON-AVON. Sir Edward Greville ... 162 

Whittington. Richard Coton and wife Margaret ... 163 
Bristol Grammar School. Nicholas Thome and two 

wives, Mary and Bridget ... ... ... 165 

Thornbury. Avice, wife of Thomas Tyndall ... [69 

Clifford Chambers. Hercules Raynsford and wife 

Elizabeth ... ... ... ... 172 

71 1586 Bristol, St. Werburgh. William Gyttyns and wife 

Mary .. ... ... ... ••• I7 6 

Cirencester. Philip Marner ... ... ... 177 

WESTON-SUB-EDGE. William Hodges ... .. 179 

YATE. Alexander Staples and two wives, Avis and 

Elizabeth ... ... ... ... 180 

LECKHAMPTON. William Norwoodd and wife Elizabeth 181 
Clifford Chambers. Elizabeth, wife of Edward 

Marrowe ... ... ••• ••• 185 

Wormington. Anne, wife of John Savage ... 187 

Abbenhall. Richard Pyrke and wife Joan ... 190 

Todenham. William Molton and wife Millicent ... 192 

Minety [Nicholas Poulett] and wife Mary ... 194 

Cirencester. John Gunter and wife Alice ... 195 

82 1636 Bristol, St. James. Henry Gibbes and wife Ann... 197 



7- 


1587 


75 


1590 


74 


1590 


75 


C1598 


76 


1601 


77 


1605 


78 


1 609 


79 


1614 


80 


ci 620 


81 


1626 



List of Illustrations. 



I 1392 


WOTTON-UNDER 


-Edge. 


Collar of Mermaids 


2 


2 I392 


)! 1! 


„ 


Gauntlets 


3 


3 1392 


.) II 


,, 


Sword Belt 


3 


4 1392 


)» n 


!l 


Sollerets and Lion 


4 


5 1392 


)» 11 


») 


Dog ... 


5 


6 1400 


Deerhurst. 




Head ... 


11 


7 1400 


JJ 




Lion 


12 


8 1400 


., 




Dog "Terri " 


13 


9 1400 


!> 




St. John the Baptist 


13 


10 1400 


„ 




St. Anne and the Virgin Mary 


14 


1 1 1400 


n 




Honeysuckle 


15 


12 1400 


,, 




Arms of Cassy 


15 


13 C1400 


ClRENXESTER. 




Wine Cask 


17 


14 CI400 


i) 




Shield ... 


17 


15 CI400 


NORTHLEACH. 




Girdle ... 


19 


16 CI400 


„ 




Anelace 


19 


17 C1400 


jj 




Woolpack 


20 


18 C1400 


,, 




Dog ... 


20 


19 1401 


Chipping Campden. 


Merchant's Mark ... 


22 


20 1401 


)! )> 




Arms of Grevel 


23 


21 1401 


Dyrham. 




Sollerets and Lion 


26 


22 1401 


„ 




Dog ... 


26 


23 1401 


11 




Shields 


27 


24 14' 1 


Bristol,Trinity Chapel 


.. Feet ... 


28 


25 1411 


i) )> 


)> 


Groundwork 


29 


26 1411 


1) )! 


M 


Merchant's Mark ... 


29 


27 1411 


J5 J) 


„ 


Inscription 


29 


28 1411 


!) )) 


„ 


Shield ... 


30 


29 C1430 


QUINTON. 




"Pear" 


3i 


30 CI430 


„ 




Shield 


32 


3i -1430 


„ 




Shield 


32 


32 CI430 


„ 




Shield 


32 


33 1438 


Cirencester. 




Dog 


35 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 



H38 
1439 
1439 
1440 

144" 
1440 
1440 
1440 
1442 
1442 

44 C1445 

45 'I 445 

46 C1445 

47 1447 

48 1447 

49 1447 

50 ci 45o 
5i 1458 

52 1458 

53 1458 

54 C1460 

55 ci 460 

56 1 46 1 
57 

58 
59 
60 
61 



Newland. 



7 XORTHLEACH. 



Lechlade. 
xorthleach 



I 4 62 

1462 
I467 
1475 



62 1478 

63 1478 

64 1478 

65 CI480 

66 C1480 

67 CI480 

68 ci 480 

69 ci 480 

70 ci 480 

71 ci 485 

72 CI485 

73 C148S 

74 ci 485 



Cirencester. Pommel of Sword 
Bristol, St. Mary Redcliff. Break 

Shields 
Cirencester. Pendant 
„ Woolsack 

„ Son 

„ Daughter 

„ Merchant's Mark 

,, Reginald Spycer and four Wives 

Merchant's Mark 
Head and Helmet 
Inscription 
Crest ... 

Feet of William Scors 
Inscription 
Date ... 
Feet ... 
Feet ... 
„ Detail and Canopy 

„ Merchant's Mark ... 

Bristol, Temple Church. Lady 
,, ,, ,, Priest 

Rodmarton. Head ... 

Cirencester. Defence of Arm ... 

„ Feet 

Chipping Campden. John Lethenard and Wife Joan 
Bristol, St. Mary Redcliff. Philip Mede and 

two Wives 
St. John. Purse and Beads 
,, Merchant's Mark 

Shield 
St. Mary Redcliff. Purse and Beads 
„ ,, Daughter ... 

,, ,, Rose 

Shield 
Merchant's Mark 



his 



Cirencester. Priest . 
Micheldean. Margaret Baynham 
Northleach. Feet of Husband ... 
,, Daughters 

Merchant's Mark ... 



36- 

38 
38 
4i 
4i 
4i 
4i 
4i 
43 
44 
45 
46 

47 
49, 

50 
5° 
53 
55 
5<> 
56 
59 
59' 
61 

63 
65 
67 

70 
73 
74 
74 
76 

77 
77 



80 
84 
87 
88 
88. 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 



75 


ci 490 


NORTHLEACH. 


Sheep on Woolpack 


76 


11490 


,, 


End 


[ of Inscription 


77 


1493 


TORMARTON. 


Fee 


t ... 


78 


'493 


„ 


Inscription 


79 


1497 


Cirencester. 


Merchant's Mark ... 


So 


1500 


Fairford. 


Lance Rest 


81 


1500 


„ 


Sabbatons 


82 


1500 


,, 


Shield 


83 


1500 


II 


Shield 


84 


1500 


,, 


Shield 


75 


1501 


NORTHLEACH. 


Scroll 


76 


1 50 1 


,, 


Monogram 


77 


1505 


Olveston 


M01 


ys Denys 


78 


1505 


,, 


Shield 


79 


ISo5 


„ 


Shield 


80 


1505 


11 


Shield 


81 


1 5<o 


„ 


Shield 


82 


C1510 


Lechlade. 


Mer 


chant's Mark 


83 


t-1510 


MlNCHINHAMPTON. 


John Hampton 


84 


C1510 


i> 




Eldest Son ... 


85 


C1510 


„ 




Alice Hampton 


86 


1518 


Eastixgton. 




Shield 


^7 


1518 


„ 




Elizabeth Knevet 


88 


1518 


,, 




Shield 


89 


1518 


,, 




Shield 


90 


1519 


MlNCHINHAMI 


>TON. 


Merchant's Mark 


9i 


C1520 


Deerhurst. 




Pendant 


92 


C1520 


DOWDESWEU. 




Morse 


93 


1 52 1 


Kempsford. 




Merchant's Mark 


94 


1523 


Newent. 




Shield 


95 


1532 


QUEDGELEY. 




Shield 


96 


1526 


Berkeley. 




Heart 


97 


1526 


NORTHLEACH. 




Feet 


98 


1526 


,, 




Feet 


99 


1526 


„ 




Merchant's Mark 


100 


1526 


,, 




Canopy 


101 


"530 


II 




At End of Inscription 


102 


ci53o 


„ 




" Holy Trinity " 


103 


1534 


Fairford. 




Sir Edmond Tame 


104 


1534 


,, 




Inscription ... 


105 


1534 


„ 




End of Inscription 


106 


1534 


,, 




" Holy Trinity " 



90 
90 

91 

93 
95 
99 
99 

101 
102 
102 

105 
106 
107 
108 
108 
109 
109 
no 
in 
112 
1 12 
117 
118 
119 
118 
123 

12). 

125 
126 
I2Q 
I30 
1 33 
135 
136 

■ 3°- 
137 
140 

141 

142 
143 
144 
145 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 



107 


1534 


Fairford. Shield 


... 146 


108 


1534 


Shield 


146 


109 


1540 


Gloucester, St. John Baptist. John Sem 


ys ... 150 


no 


1540 


)» ji j) 


,, Margaret 


Semys ... 151 


III 


1544 


Gloucester, St. Mary de Crypt. John & 


Joan Cooke 154 


112 


1544 


)i >) >> 


,, Canop) 


- 155 


113 


1544 


11 II )) 


,, Canopy ... 157 


114 


i54^ 


Weston-upon-Avon. 


Sir John Greville 


... 159 


US 


1559 


1) II 1! 


Sir Edward Greville . 


... 162 


ll6 


1560 


Whittington. 


Child 


... 165 


127 


ci570 


Bristol. 


Mary Thorne 


... 166 


128 


i57i 


Thornbury. 


Avice Tyndall 


... 170 


129 


1583 


Clifford Chambers. 


Feet 


... 173 


ISO 


1583 


!) 


Arms 


... 174 


131 


1586 


Bristol. 


Circular Plate 


... 176 


132 


1587 


Cirencester. 


Philip Marner 


... 178 


133 


1590 


Yate. 


Child 


... 180 


134 


C1598 


Leckhampton. 


Shield ... 


... 182 


'35 




,, 


Seal and Autograph 


of William 








Norwood. 21 jac. 1. ... 184 


136 


1601 


Clifford Chambers. 


Elizabeth Marrowe 


... 186 


137 


1601 


„ 


Shield 


... 187 


133 


1605 


WORMINGTON 


Anne Savage 


... 188 


139 


1605 


,, 


Shields 


... 189 


140 


1609 


Abbenhall. 


Thomas and Robert 1 


J yrke ... 191 


141 


1604 


Todenham. 


Shield 


... 193 


142 


1620 


Minety. 


Crests 


... 195 


143 


1624 


Cirencester. 


Alice Gunter 


... 196 


144 


1624 


Kintbury, Berks. 


Shield 


... 196 


145 


1636 


Bristol, St. James. 


Henry Gibbes 


... 198 


146 


ci 460 


Cirencester. 


Lily Pot ... 


... 207 


147 


C1500 


,, 


Civilian and Wife 


... 209 


148 




„ 


Vase 


... 211 


149 


C1511 


Cubberley. 


Shield 


212 


150 


1500 


North leach. 


Children ... 


... 216 


151 


1400 


Deerhurst. 


Shield ... 


222 


152 


1526 


Berkeley. 


Head 


... 223 



Note. — All the illustrations are reduced to quarter of the original 
rubbings, with the exception of Figs. 131, 133, 134, which 
are half scale. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE 
MONUMENTAL BRASSES. 

i.— TKfltnterbourne. 

A lady, circa 1370, canopy and marginal inscription lost. — 
Haines. 

Position. — On the floor at the east end of the North Aisle. 

Size. — 6ft. X 2 ft.; figure only, 4 ft. 5 in. x 1 ft. 1 in. 

Description. — This is the oldest brass now existing in 
Gloucestershire, though indents still remain of earlier ones. 
The lady wears the veil head-dress which was the prevailing 
fashion of the period. It consists of a cap which closely fits 
the head and hides the forehead, reaching down in a horizontal 
line to the eyebrows, and falling vertically at each side, encloses 
the face in somewhat of an oblong frame. Over this is thrown 
a veil or kerchief falling down on the back and over the 
shoulders. Her cote-hardie or gown, which is without 
buttons — is peculiar in having pocket-holes in front and through 
these is seen the cincture of the kirtle which was worn 
beneath — it fits closely to the body and arms, it is cut square 
and low at the neck and the sleeves extend nearly to the wrist. 
The kirtle has long sleeves closely buttoned, reaching nearly 
to the knuckles. The feet are represented small and she wears 
shoes with pointed toes. The hands are folded in the attitude 
of prayer. 



2 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

Inscription — Lost, not given in any of the county histories. 

Heraldry — " The Bradestones of Winterbourn bore for 
their arms, — Argent, on a canton gules a rose or, barbed 
proper." — Rudder, p. 834. 

Illustration. — BouteWs Series. 

Portions lost. — The inscription, canopy, two shields at the 
top and a portion of the right hand corner of her skirt. 

Biographical Account. — Haines suggests " Perhaps Agnes, 
wife of Sir Thomas de Bradestone, 1369-70, or Blanch, widow 
of Robert Bradestone, 1391-2." 

1 1 .— Wotton*unt>er=o£t>ge. 

Thomas, fourth Lord Berkeley, 141 7, and wife Margaret, 
daughter and heiress of Gerard Warren, Lord Lisle, 1392, 
large, inscription lost. Altar Tomb, North Aisle. Haines. 

Position. — The above are placed on a raised altar-shaped 
tomb of Purbeck marble as recorded by Haines. 

Size.— 6 ft. x 5 ft. 

Description. — On his head Lord Berkeley wears a pointed 
bascinet, or conical helmet of steel, to which the camail is 
attached by means of a cord passing through a groove 
formed by two raised rims with separate enriched plates placed 
over the holes of the bascinet. This groove is round the lower 
end of the bascinet, and carried up by the sides of the face, the 
rings to which the cord is fastened are shown at the top. The 
indent of a heaume, or tilting helmet, shows the former support 
of the head. The beard is covered by the camail, but the 
moustache is visible. The shoulders are protected by the 
camail, or tippet of 
chain mail, and over 
it is thrown a collar 
of mermaids, a 
cognisance of the 
Berkeley s ; no other instance of such a collar is recorded. 
The mail is represented as made of over-lapping rings, or of 
rings set edgeways. Mail is also used at the gussets to allow 
the arms and feet to be used freely. A portion of the hawberk 
hangs beneath the escalloped edge of the tight-fitting jupon or 
jerkin. The arms are protected by brassarts of plate, of 
which the fastenings can be seen, with coudieres or elbow-pieces 




Monumental Brasses. 





fmmk 




and epaulieres or shoulder-pieces. On his hands are leather 
gauntlets with an orna- 
mental border at the 
wrists ; the knuckles are 
protected by three rows 
of gadlings or knobs, 
which were occasionally 
used for offence. To 
keep the jupon in its 
place there is no baldrick, 
but an ornamental belt, 
sometimes termed the 
belt of knighthood, passes 
round the hip, the end, 
passing under the belt, 
hangs down nearly to the 
knee of the left leg. The 
vacant space at the end was most probably filled by a jewel 
either real or imitative. 
Unfortunately the sword 
which hung by his side 
is gone, but a portion of 
the guard is left, and the 
point of the. chape may 
be seen near the left foot. 
The cuisses are made of 
plate, the knees are 
guarded by genouillieres, 
and pointed sollerets 
protect the feet. Rowel 
spurs were generally used 
at the end of the four- 
teenth century, but the 
rowels of his spurs have 
disappeared, though the 
footstraps are left. His 
feet are resting on a lion, facing the spectator. 

The brass of Lady Berkeley is remarkable for her head- 
dress. The hair is worn over the forehead only, and brushed 
back to show the ears, which are not disfigured by earings ; it 
is confined in gold or silver net-work, called crestine or crespine, 




Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 




ornamented with jewels at the intersections, a small kerchief is 
also pinned at the top of the head and depends behind, it is to 
be seen at the top of her head and behind her ears, drooping in 
graceful folds nearly to her shoulders ; across her forehead 
stretches a jewelled fillet. Yet all the ornamental work to be 
seen round her head is not to be confounded with her head dress, 
for her head is resting on a piece of cloth adorned with sprays 
stretched diagonally on an embroidered cushion, with tassels 



Monumental Brasses. 5 

at the four corners. Her mantle is long and fastened in 
front of her shoulders by a cord which passes through two 
metal loops with studs in front, termed fermailes, placed on 
each side of the mantle, and usually adorned with jewels ; this 
cord passes through a slide, also made of cord, and terminates 
below the waist in two tassels. Beneath is a tight-fitting gown, 
but whether sleeveless or short sleeved it is impossible to 
determine as the mantle hides it, it is cut low at the neck. 
Under this emerge the close sleeves of her kirtle buttoned 
underneath. Her mantle and gown cover her feet, at which 
lies a lap-dog wearing a collar of bells. 




The dog represented at the feet of the wife is doubtless 
of the same kind as " smale houndes" which were the favourites 
of the gentle Prioresse — 

" Of smale hounds hadde she, that she fedde 
With rosted flesh and milk, and wastel brede ; 
But sore wept she if one of hem w T ere dead, 
Or if men smote with a yerde smart." — Chaucer. 

In the Menagier de Paris written circa 1393, the lady of the 
household is particularly recommended to think of the 
"chamber beasts," such as little dogs. 

They are both represented full face, with their hands folded 
in the attitude of prayer, Lady Berkeley lying at her husband's 
right hand. 

Inscription. — Lost, even Smyth who gives the epitaphs of 
other members of the family fails to record this one. 

Heraldry. — Smyth gives illustrations of the following three 
seals : — 

1. When he attained full age, a chevron and ten crosses, 



6 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

about two inches in diameter, without supporters or crest,, 
circumscribed " Sigillum T homes de Berkelee.' n 

2. In the middle part of his life, as above, supported by- 
two mermaids without crest, circumscribed " Sigillum Thotnee 
dni de Berkeley." 

3. In the latter part of his life, a chevron and ten crosses 
cornerwise, with mermaids as supporters, and " a helmet for 
crest, the circumscription as last." 

In the British Museum are two examples of his seal, which 
are thus described in the Catalogue of Seals : — 

4. " On a tree-stump set on a mount of herbage, a shield 
of arms, couche, a chevron between ten crosses crosslet, six in 
chief four in base, Berkeley. Crest on a helmet and mantling, 
a mitre stringed and garnished, charged with cross crosslets 
derived from the arms. Supporters two mermaids. Back- 
ground replenished with small sprigs of foliage. Within a 
carved gothic quatrefoil of elegant design, ornamented with 
small ball flowers along the inner edge. Legend between the 
lobes of the quatrefoil — [Sigi]W thome dni de berkley. The 
letters ho of thome, and be of berkley are conjoined." 

5 "A shield of arms Berkeley, suspended by a strap from 
a forked tree on a mount. Supporters ; two mermaids. 
Within a carved gothic quatrefoil panel or quadrilobe 
ornamented along the inner edge with small quatrefoils* 
Sigillu' : [tho]me : dni: de : berkele ; " 

Illustrations.— Illustrations of this brass will be found in 
Fosbrookes Gloucestershire, vol. I., p. 477 ; Hollies Monumental 
Effigies, pt. IV., pi. 10 ; BoutelVs Monumental Brasses, p. 57 
(Collar of Mermaids) p. 135 ; Haines, vol. I. p., cxlviii. (Head of 
Lady Berkeley); Cooke's History of Berkeley, p. 31; Art 
Journal, vi, p. 34; Planche's Cyclopedia of Costume, p. 129,. 
(Collar, Mermaid) ; Bigland's Gloucestershire. 

Portions lost. — The inscription, heaume, sword, dagger, 
rowels of spurs, and shields, if any. 

Biographical Account. — Though this Lord Berkeley is 
termed fourth lord, he was really the tenth. 

In Smyth's " Lives of the Berkeleys " the second volume 
commences with " The life of Thomas lord Berkeley the 
fourth of that name." Thirty-eight pages are devoted to him 
and from them the following information is taken. 



Monumental Brasses. 7 

He was born at Berkeley Castle on January 4th, 26 Edw. 
III., 1352. In 41 Edw. III. it was agreed between his father 
Maurice lord Berkeley, and Gerrard Warren lord de Lisle, 
that Thomas should marry Margaret, daughter of the said 
Gerrard, her portion being 1,100 marks. " And that the said 
Margaret, by reason of her tender age (then being about 
seaven) should for fower years remaine with her father, and 
this Thomas de Berkeley with his father." " But the sickness 
of the lord Maurice Berkeley increasing, notwithstanding the 
former agreement of fower years stay : they were by his 
request maryed at the said lord Lisle his house at Wengrave, 
in Buckinghamshire, in November next following." He was 
15 years of age when his father Maurice died on June 8th, 42 
Edw. III. The king appoints his father-in-law, Warren de 
Insula, his guardian, who so well looked after the property 
that when Thomas came of age he was well off. At this time 
he was knighted " and forthwith passeth to the warrs of 
France." In 5 Ric. II. his wife and her father come to 
Berkeley ; and Thomas gives his father-in-law free permission 
to live at Berkeley and to enjoy the fishing and hunting 
pertaining to the Castle : " the good old lord de Insula, the 
28th of June next after these sweet and sociable agreements, 
in 6 Ric. II. dyeth." In 1 and 2 Ric. II "this lord was 
imployed both by sea and land in the warrs that then were 
hott both against Ffrance and Spaine." In 4 Ric. II. he was 
fighting in Britany, in 8 and 9 Ric. II he accompanied the 
king against the Scots, and the next year the king came to 
Berkeley Castle. In 16 Ric. II. "this lord went beyond seas 
into Ffrance and other Countryes." '• This was no martiall 
expedition but occasioned as it may seeme upon greefe 
conceived by the death of his wife, or to avoid the danger of 
Court stormes which then began to bluster with an hollow 
wind." In 1399 a meeting of nobles took place at Berkeley, 
and Thomas declared " hee made himself a spetiall witnes at 
Flint Castle of king Richard's promise to renounce the 
Crowne." He testified it in the king's presence in the Tower of 
London ; and on the meeting of the three estates in Parliament, 
a bishop, abbot, earl, baron, and knight being the represent- 
atives chosen to pronounce his majesty's deposition, he was 
the baron appointed for that purpose. In 5 Hen. IV. he was 
made admiral of the king's fleet, from the mouth of the Thames 



8 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

to the west and south, and sworn of the king's privy council 
in open Parliament. He (Waif, eodem anno) burnt fifteen 
sail of French ships in Milford Haven, part of the fleet sent 
to the assistance of Owen Glendower, and took fourteen more, 
on board of which were the seneschal of France, and eight 
officers of note, whom he made prisoners. In 6 and 7 Hen. 
IV. he was chief commander in the Welsh wars, and engineer 
at the sieges of Lampadervar, in Pembrokeshire. He was at 
the battle of Agincourt in 1415, and Drayton mentions 

" Berkeley and Burnell two brave English lords." 

He was also fond of sporting, and preserved foxes and 
game largely. He greatly increased his estate by purchasing 
manors, advowsons, etc., and other property from time to time. 
Pope Urban VI., in 1380, "by his Episcopall bull," gave him 
leave to choose his own confessor. " In short, he was not only 
a great soldier, but was distinguished as a lover of learning. 
John Trevisa, the famous vicar of Berkeley, celebrated by 
Bale for his learning and eloquence, translated the Old and New 
Testaments into English at the request of this lord Berkeley." 
He made his will 2nd February, 1415, (3 Hen. V) and 
amongst his numerous bequests appears, " to the Church of 
Berkeley, one green pair of vestments, with all their furnyture ; 
and to the Church where his body should bee buryed his best 
paire of vestments, with all their furniture, £20 money, and one 
guilt crosse, with all the relikes inclosed in the same, with all 
his best cruets, and also one white pair of vestments with all 
their furniture, and also the best paire of his black vestments, 
and his best missale, with a good chalice; and to the Chaple 
within Berkeley Castle, one paire of satten vestments, one 
missale, two chalices, and one paire of cruets.'' Unfortunately 
he made no testamentary disposition of his property, which 
became the source of lawsuits between the descendants of his 
nephew James, who succeeded him, and the descendants of 
his daughter. 

" Upon the 13th of July in the fifth year of that victorious 
king Henry the fifth, Anno. 1417, the glasse of this lord 
Thomas runneth out, at Wotton-under-edge, hee then of the 
age of 64 yeares six monthes and eight days, whereof hee had 
sate lord 49 yeares one month and 5 dayes ; and lived a 
widdower the last twenty six years thereof, or neer there- 



Monumental Brasses, g 

abouts ; and lyeth buried in the parisli Church of Wottor) 
under-Edge witli the translated bones of the lady Margaret 
his wife resting by him, under a faire tombe there. 

Nos quos certus amor primis conjunxit ab annis 

Iunxit idem tumulus, junxit idemque polus. 

In youth our parents joyn'd our hands, our selves, our hearts, 

This tombe our bodyes hath, th' heavens our better parts. 

It has been already stated that he married Margaret, sole 
daughter and heiress of Gerard Warren lord Lisle (de Insula) 
by Alice, daughter of Henry lord Tyes. Her brother Gerard 
married Anne, daughter of Monsieur Michael de la Pole, but 
dying without issue, Margaret became the heiress of her 
father. On his death, when she was twenty two years of age, 
the two baronies of Lisle and Tyes came to the Berkeley 
family, and her husband's estate was doubled. Smyth describes 
her as a ik very mild and devout lady." " This lady Margaret 
died at Wotton-under-Edge, the twentieth of March, about the 
fifteenth year of Richard the second, then about thirty years 
of age ; having been maryed at seaven ; and lyeth buried in 
the parish Church of Wotton under a faire tombe by the side 
of her husband, whither her bones were translated : The 
greefe of whose death soe fastened upon the affections of her 
lord and husband, that hee never alter affected manage, 
although hee was at her death but thirty eight years of age, 
and of an able constitution, and then without issue male to 
uphold his name and barony." They had only one child, a 
daughter named Elizabeth, who married Richard Beauchamp, 
son and heir of Thomas, earl of Warwick and left issue, three 
daughters (i) Margaret, who became the second wife of John 
Talbot, first earl of Shrewsbury ; (2) Ellenor, was first married 
to Thomas lord Koos of Hamelake, and secondly to Edmond 
Beaufort, Duke of Somerset ; (3) Elizabeth, was married to 
George Neville, lord Latimer, a younger son of Ralph Neville. 
earl of Westmoreland. 

in— Bristol— Uemple Cburcb. 

A civilian [1396] half effigy, four latin verses. North 
aisle. — Haines. 

Position. — The brass is now on the chancel >- floor, but 
originally it was in the Weaver's Chapel. 

Size. — 22^ in. x 19 in. 

D scription. — His hair is cut short, and he is represented 
as clean-shaven. He wears simply a hood and a tunic, which 



io Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

is the usual costume of demi-figures of this period. His tunic 
has close fitting sleeves with ornamented cuffs: buttoned 
gauntlets extend half-way up his hand. He is shown full face 
with hands folded in the attitude of prayer. 

Inscription. — This is below the figure: — 

TBs testis ipe : q&' non iacct bic lapis iste 
Corpus vt ornet' : set spc vt memoret 
fnnc tit qui transis: maguus meoius puer an sis 
lpro me funfce preces : oabtt' micbi sic vente spes 

which is thus translated in " Notes on the Ecdesiastical and 
Monumental Architecture and Sculpture of the Middle Ages in 
Bristol;' by George Pryce, 1850:— "Thou art a witness, O 
Christ ! that this stone is not intended to ornament the body, 
but to commemorate the spirit, into which thou hast passed, 
great Mediatory Son : pour out thy prayers for me and thus 
give me pardoning hope." In ,l Bristol, Past and Present;' 
it is thus rendered :— "Thou art witness O Christ, that this 
stone is not here laid to adorn the body, but that the soul 
may be remembeied. You who pass by, whether old, middle 
aged or youth, make supplication for me that I may attain 
hope of pardon." 

Haines records that these verses, with slight variations, 
were oftentimes introduced into inscriptions. 

Illustration.— In Pryce's "Notes,'' a poorly executed 
sketch of this brass is given on p. 118, fig. 9. 

Portions Lost. — The inscription round the margin. 
Biographical Account. — As the marginal inscription is lost, 
it is not known who is commemorated by it. In " Notes on 
Monumental Brasses in Gloucestershire;' Sir A. W. Franks, 
F.R.S.. F.S.A., says it is "of a wool merchant, for which this 
part of England has been so long famous. "—Proc. Soc. Antiq., 
2 s. vol. vii., p. 409. 

The Rev. T. P. Wadley, M.A., kindly supplies the follow- 
ing names of Bristol worthies, buried in the Temple Church 
there :— William Hervy, 1394; William Temple, 1393; 
Alexander Moys, 1395 ; Peter Atte Barugh, 1396. 

iv.— Beer burst. 

Sir John Cassy, 1400, and wife Alice, canopy with SS. 
Anne and John Baptist (the latter lately stolen) and marginal 
inscription. North Aisle. — Haines. 



Monumental Brasses. 



ii 



Position. — On the floor at the east end of the North Aisle. 

Size. — 7ft. 5m. x 3ft. 1 in. 

Description. — This brass affords a very fine illustration of 
the costume worn at this period by Judges, Barons of the 
Exchequer, and other law officers. He wears a close fitting 
coif, or skull-cap, which was worn by judges to conceal the 
tonsure, for they were occasionally priests as well ; this cap 
has an embroidered band crossing from the forehead to the 
back of the head (6). 
Serjeant Pulling, in 
" The Or dei' of the 
Coif,''' says, that the 
original coif was a 
close fitting white cap 
of lawn or silk ; but 
this gradually disap- 
peared until nothing 
remains but a curious 
circular patch visible 
upon the crown of a 
Serjeant s wig. The 
hair is cut short, and 
is seen on the forehead 

and brushed hack ^'HPlf*^|l 

behind the ears ; he is Fig. 6. Head, 1400. Deerhurst. 

clean shaven. Around his neck he wears a tippet. The 
mantle is lined with minever or vaire, buttoned on the right 
shoulder, where three of the buttons are visible, and gathered 
over the left arm, from which it hangs in graceful folds. 
Beneath is a long robe extending to the ankles, with close 
sleeves reaching to the wrists, where they are turned back so 
as to form narrow cuffs ; beneath these, sleeves of an under- 
dress appear, closely buttoned, and extending nearly to the 
knuckles. His feet are encased in embossed shoes with 
pointed toes, and they rest upon a lion. :;: (7) 




* " It is assumed that the dog and lion of such frequent recurrence at the 
feet are so placed as respectively emblems of fidelity and courage. But we 
cannot reason this in respect to the little lap-dogs at the feet of ladies as they 
are so manifestly introduced as the pets or companions incidental to rank. The 
lion was of old a symbol of rank and power, the embodiment of material force. 
It is not confined to the effigies of knights and nobles, butthe/wrfge is also so 
distinguished, he being a delegate of royal power." — Waller's Mon. Br. p. viii. 



12 



Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 




Fi'j,. 7. Lion, 1400. Deerhurst. 

Lady Cassy wears the reticulated head-dress ; this 
consists of a close cap of network, brought round the face so 
as to resemble a horse-shoe, which, reaching partway down 
the ears, confined the hair from off the face, but allowed it to 
fall down on the shoulders, and there apparently the ends of 
the hair are kept in place by network, similar to that on her 
head. Along the forehead is seen the edge of a small plaited 
cap, also called a " fret." 

"A fret of gold she had next her hair." 

Chaucer. — Legend of a Good Woman. 
It was probable that false hair or something else was used 
for padding this kind of head-dress. The reticulated head- 
dress first appeared on our monumental effigies about the 
middle of the fourteenth century, and was, doubtless, intro- 
duced into England from the Continent, (where it was in 
earlier use), by Philippa of Hainault, Queen of Edward, 
III, who died August 5th, 1369. Her gown has narrow 
sleeves, and is buttoned up to the neck, and gathered in 
closely round the throat, four buttons are seen ; it is not 
confined at the waist by a girdle. The ends of the sleeves 
are turned back so as to form cuffs, which are deeper than 
her husband's, revealing the fur lining; and round the neck 
she wears a frill. Proceeding from beneath the sleeves of 
the gown are other sleeves, closely buttoned, and ending in 



Monumental Brasses. 



13 



funnel-shaped cuffs. The pointed toes of her embroidered 
shoes are seen resting upon a greyhound, which wears .1 
collar of bells, and evidently a favourite, lor under it is 
engraved its name, "Terri." f (8) 




Fig. 8. Dog Terri, 1400. Deerhurst. 

The figures are under a double canopy with pointed and 
cusped heads springing from foliated corbels; the crocketted 
ogee gables are terminated by foliated finials, each tympanum 
is filled in with a circular panel containing a conventional 
rose. On either side and between the canopies rise paneiled 
pinnacles set on diagonally, and terminating 
in crocketted finials. The outer pinnacles are 
continued down on either side till they meet 
the diapered band at the base, and upon which 
the figures stand. The centre pinnacle is S 
terminated at the springing by a foliated 
pendant. The husband is not represented' 
straight under tin.' centre of the canop) above WfMjJ 
his head, but the wife is. Between the gables 
and central pinnacle were two plates of brass 
containing effigies of saints. Unfortunately 
the plate containing St. John the Baptist has 
disappeared, but I am able to give an illustration 
(9) from a rubbing of this brass, kindly given me 
by the late Mr. J. D. T. Niblett, F.S.A. It 
represented St. John Baptist, his head surround- 
ed by a nimbus ; his hair and beard are long. 
He is dressed in a hairy garment, girt about the 
loins with a girdle, tied in front and the ends 

Fig 9. St. John the Baptist, 1400. Deerhurst. 
I On a brass formerly at Ingham, Norfolk, the pet dog's name was Jakkc 




14 



Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 



hanging down. His feet are bare. He is holding a book 
fastened by a long clasp, and on which is the sacred lamb, 
to which he is pointing with his left hand. Behind the lamb 
is a cro's with a streamer flying from the shaft, and on the 
streamer is a cross. The corbel on which St. John stands 
is ornamented with trefoils. 

The other plate (10) represents St. Anne instructing the Virgin 

Mary ; St. Anne is wearing the ordinary 

costume of widows, consisting of the 

veil head-dress, barbe and long robes. 

The Virgin Mary has her hair long, and 

her head surrounded by a nimbus. A 

cape is over her shoulders, and she is 

clad in a dress which fits the arms and 

body tightly and is laced up the front 

from the skirt. The Virgin Mary is 

holding a book in her left hand and 

apparently writing from the dictation 

of St. Anne, who is pointing to the book 

with her ri^ht hand, whilst her left 

hand is resting on the Virgin Mary's 

right shoulder. An illustration of the 

same subject appears in the A rt Journal, 

NSSSf ^Sf 1851, taken from the chapel of Henry 

ftjg l|f VII., in Westminster Abbey. It is 

Fig. 10. St. Anne & virgin termed " a good example of the peculiar 

Mary. 1400, Deerhurst. taste of the fifteenth century." 

Both are lying full faced, with hands folded as if praying, 

Lady Cassy being at her husband's right hand 

Inscription. — Round the verge is the following inscription 
commencing over Lady Cassy's head : — 

1bic facet Jobes Cadg milee et quondam capitalis Marc- 
s' cc'ij oni iRegis qui obijt jjiij Die /Ifoaij Bnno out /lft° CGGG Q 
JEt 2Uicia vi'or eius quor' a Tab3 p'picietur beus. 

Which may be thus translated : — 

" Here lies John Cassy, knight and formerly chief Baron 
of the Exchequer of our lord the King, who died on the 23rd 
day of May, A.D. 1400. And Alice, his wife, on whose souls 
may God have pity." 

The intervals between the words are filled with scrolls, 
leaves, and flowers, e.g., between "Hie" and " iacet " is a 




Monumental Brasses. 15 

biped fabulous monster, between " vxor " and " eius " is a 
spray of honeysuckle. (11) 

Heraldry. — In each angle was a shield, but the ones above 
and below the lady are gone. Over 
the knight is — " ... a chevron 
between three hawks' heads erased, 




Fig. 11. Honeysuckle. 1400, Deerhurst. 

Cassy," (12) and below " . . . three 
lions passant in pale . . ." In the 

r r . Fig. 12. Arms of Cassy. 

Gentleman's Magazine for February, 1400, Deerhurst. 

1840, the latter shield is stated to bear the three lions of 

England, the writer having probably been mislead by Gough 

or by the plate in Lysons' ' Gloucestershire Antiquities,' and 

Mr. Foss has fallen into the same error." — Waller's Man. Br. 

Rudder thus describes the shields — Argent, a chevron 
between three eagles' heads erased gules for Cassy, and three 
lioncels passant guardant, the arms of England. Mr. Dan. 
H. Haigh blazons the second shield— three leopards, passant 
guardant, but the lions or lioncels are not passant guardant. 
Possibly the second shield is for the Gloucestershire family, 
e.g., Giffard, — gules, three lions, passant in pale, argent. 
On the brass to Richard Cassey, priest ( 1427) at Tredington, 
Worcestershire, the former coat appears twice. 

Illustrations.— Lysons' Gloucestershire Antiquities, plate 
XVII., Waller, plate XV. and in Haines 's Introduction, p. 
clxviii (Lady Cas^y onlyj. 

Portions Lost. — Two shields, one above and the other 
below Lady Cassy, and the plate on which was engraved 
St. John Baptist. (9) 

Biographical Accou.':. — "The name of this judge first 
occurs among the council in Richard Bellewe's Reports in 
the time of Richard II. He came of an old Gloucestershire 
family, whose possession of the manor of Compton, on the 
little river Coin in that county gave it the name of Cassy 
Compton {Rudder's Gloucestershire) . Sir John was appointed 
chief baron of the exchequer 12 Richard II. 1389 ; letters of 



1 6 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

pnvy seal for that office being ordered b\r the council on the 
13th November when payment was directed to be made to 
him for the time he was in Wales (Nicholas's Ordinances of 
the Privy Council). He received a new patent upon the 
accession of Henry IV. in 1399, but died in the following 
year."- — Waller's Monumental Brasses. 

"For more than 300 years the Cassy family appear to 
have held the same estate (Wightfield) in the parish. The 
moated house on that estate is a very interesting one, and 
still bears on its front the Cassy crest." Butterwortlis Notes 
on the Priory and Church of Deerhurst. 

In 2 Richard II. one Ruyhale and Otho, late clerks of the 
peace, certified falsely into the Chancer}' a record concerning 
this Lord Thomas (i.e. Thomas, tenth, Lord Berkelev) and 
the King, supposed to be taken before Judge Cassy and his 
fellow Justices of the Peace ; for which unjust fact this lord 
complaynes, and upon hearing thereof Ruyhale is fined 100 
marks; and Otho five marks, which either of them do pay, 
and so obtained their pardon. Pat. 18, Ric. II., p. 1, m. 26. 

A release, dated Saturday, the feast of St. Swithin, 
7 Henry IV., mentions William Cassy, son and heir of John 
Cassy, of Wightfield, Knight. 

v.-Cirencester. 

A wine merchant (?) and wife Margaret, circa 1400, under 
canopy, large, much worn. Nave. — Haines. 

Position. — On a ledger stone in Lady Chapel. 

Size. — 8ft. 4m, X 3ft. 5m. 

The following particulars respecting this brass are taken 
from the valuable and exhaustive paper On the Monumental 
Brasses of Cirencester, by the Rev. W. E. Hadow, M.A., 
Vicar of South Cerney ; read at the Cirencester meeting 
of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society. 
The paper is published in the Transactions of that year, 
and Mr. Hadow has kindly granted permission to make 
use of this important monograph. 

Description. — "'But in the same Chapel (Lady Chapel) 
there is a very fine specimen, at least sixty years earlier than 
Nottingham's ; it lies near the north wall of the chapel, and 
is greatly mutilated ; it represents a merchant and his wife, 
with a fine double canopy, the underpart of which shows the 
groining of the arch, while cusps terminate in trefoils, 



Monumental Brasses. 



17 



characteristics which mark this brass as dating between 
1320-60 (temp. Edward II. and Edward III.) The male 
figure, which has lost the head, is clad in a gown with flowing 
sleeves, and bound round the waist with a girdle falling in 
front of the figure; on the end of the girdle the letter % is 
found worked as a monogram ; the feet are in pointed shoes, 
resting on a wine cask *(i3) and above the canopy,over the male 



MWM 





Fig. 13. Wine Cask. C 1400. Cirencester. 

figure, is a shield (14) bearing an almost obliterated escutcheon 
of arms, somewhat resembling the old arms of the city of 
Bristol ; so possibly this merchant may have had some connec- 
tion with that place. There is also 
another escutcheon with the follow- 
ing :—$bC baue meres on us. 

The female figure has almost entirely 
disappeared, but the lower part still 
remains, showing the bottom of a 
long-flowing kirtle, buttoned to. the 
feet, which, like her husband's rest 
on a'^wine cask. The inscription, 
only a fragment of which remains, 
is remarkable for being alternately 
in raised and sunken letters, and 
is the only specimen' '-* of the two sorts of lettering occurring 

* The feet of Simon Seman, Vinter, and Alderman of London (1433) at 
Barton-on-Humber, Lincolnshire, rest on wine barrels. 

** Inscriptions in raised and sunken letters also occur at Balsham, Cambs. 
Dr. John Blodwell, 1462 ; at Biggleswade, Beds. John Rudyn, 1481 ; and others. 




Fig. 14. Shield. 
C 1400. Cirencester. 



18 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

in the same inscription that I am acquainted with." — Trans. 
Bris. and Gl. Arch. Soc. : Vol. ii., p. 152. 

The canopy is double with pointed and cusped heads, 
and crocketted ogee gables, terminating with foliated finials. 
The arch is groined. Each tympanum is filled in with a 
circular panel witli an ornamental centre. The spandrels are 
filled with sprays. On either side and between the 
canopies are panelled pinnacles set on edgeways and termin- 
ated with crocketted finials; the outer pinnacles are continued 
down on either side, forming a border, but the centre one is 
terminated in a foliated pendant. 

The husband is represented in the attitude of devotion, 
the wife is on the husband's left hand. 

Inscription. — The portion of the inscription which remains 
(two-fifths of the whole) is much worn, but the following 
words may be deciphered : — 

. . . /ifcargerfa coniuj sua femina 

. . . opes rcperat gauoia quoo subeat 

. . . mibi • ■ • tempore . . . (scroll work) 

. . . cunctis meritts illis sit uita perbennls 

Unfortunately this inscription has not been preserved in 
any of the county histories. 

Heraldry. — As mentioned above, the shield is not easy to 
decipher. 

Illustration. — I am not aware that this brass has formed 
the illustration of any work. 

Portions lost. — Head of husband, upper half of wife, more 
than half of the inscription, several crockets,, one of the 
finials, two of the pinnacles, and two shields at the top of 
the brass. 

Biographical Account. — Rev. T. P. Wadley, M.A., 
Naunton Rectory, kindly suggests that perhaps the brass 
was erected to " Thomas Beaupyne, whose will was made in 
1403. and proved or administered to, in 1404. He desired to 
be buried in the Abbey of Cirencester, in the chapel of Sir 
Henry Mourton, and left the residue of his effects to 
Margaret, his wife. He had been a burgess of Bristol." 

The Rev. E. A. Fuller, M.A., supposes that he was a 
" Gotorest," there being wine-merchants of that name who 
lived at Bristol, and were connected with this town. 



Monumental Brasses. 



'9 






vi.-iRortbleacb. 

A wool-merchant and wife, circa 1400, large, once in north 
aisle, relaid in nave. — Haines. 

Position. — On the floor in the centre of nave. 

Size.— Hnsband4ft. gin. x ift. 4m. ; wife 4ft. 7in. x 1 ft 3111. 

Description. — The hair of the husband is short and 
brushed back from the temples. 

" His heer was by his eres rounde i-shorn, 
His top was docked lyk a preest biforn.' 1 

He has moustaches and a forked beard. He wears a tight- 
fitting tunic reaching to the ankles; from the waist it is 
fastened by buttons, of which nine are visible, the others 
being concealed by the hanging portion of the girdle. The 
sleeves of this tunic are close-fitting, and from 
beneath them emerge the tighter sleeves of an 
under-dress with many buttons, fifteen show- 
ing on the right wrist and thirteen on the left. 

The tunic is 
confined at 
the waist by a 
girdle (15) of 
leather adorn- 
ed with ros- 
ettes, and pass- 
ing through a 
square buckle 
the end is 
passed under 
the 'girdle 
hanging down 
in front, and 
terminated 
by a metal 
pendant, on 
which is en- 
graved the 
letter %, prob- 
ably one of his 
Fig. 15. Girdle, c 1400, Northleach. initials. Sus- 
pended from the girdle by a thong on his left 

side is the anelace or dagger. (16) Thetopof the _. r 

ee v J r Fig. 16. Anelace. 

C 1460, Northleach 





20 



Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 



scabbard is ornamented with four Gothic canopies, and two on 
the chape. Over all is a mantle, fastened by three large buttons 
on the right shoulder, which, gathered over the left arm, hangs 
gracefully. Round his neck he wears a hood of which two but- 
tons are fastened and three unfastened. The shoes are pointed 
and fastened across the instep by a plain buckle. By his standing 
on a woolpack it is surmised that he was a wool-merchant. (17) 



mwmwm 




Fig. 17. Woolpack, C 1400, Northleach. 

On her head the wife wears a close cap with its front 
edges plaited, carried strait across the forehead and down 
the sides of the face. Over this is a veil or kerchief falling 
down on the back and shoulders. The kirtle is seen at the 
neck and wrists, being in both places closely buttoned ; at 
the neck the two top buttons are not fastened, and the upper 
edge of the kirtle is turned down so as to form a collar. On 
the fourth finger of her right hand she wears a ring with a 
jewel set in it. Over all is a mantle, fastened in front by the 
usual cord, the fermailes and slide are hidden, the ends 

«hang down in front, and are 
terminated by tassels. At her 
feet lies a lap-dog (18) with a 
A collar of bells. 

^^n^l ^^ i,u '' w * tn hands folded in the 

HMH M ^k ^\ act of praying. 

J0r^9l ^51 ^^^*«Jr Illustrations. BoutelVs 

*#£*" ^s8c3-k Series; Cults (E.L.j Scenes 

Fig. 1?. Dog. c 1400. Northleach. and Characters of the Middle 



Monumental Brasses. zi 

Ages, p. 522 (husband only), Planches Cyclopaedia 0/ 
Costume, p. 8. 

Portions lost. — All that remains of this memorial is in 
good condition, but from its being removed and the indent 
disappeared, it is impossible to say how much or what of this 
brass has been lost. The Rev. E. L. Cutts says that "over 
the effigy is an elegant canopy, which it is not necessary for 
our purpose to give, but it adds much to the beauty and 
sumptuousness of the monument." 

Biographical Account. — It is not known to whose memory 
this brass is erected. 

vii.— iibippino dampfcen. 

William G revel, citizen of London, "jlos mercatorum lanar\ 
tociits Anglie" 1401, and wife Marion [daughter of Sir John 
Thornborough ? ] 1386, with canopy, merchant's marks, and 
marginal inscription (the end of which was loose Jan., i860), 
very large, chancel. — Haines. 

Position. — On the floor in front of the Communion rails. 

Size. — 8ft. gin. x 4ft. 4m. Husband alone, 5ft. 4m. x ift. 4m. 

Description. — The hair of William Grevel is short and 
removed from the temples like that of the reeve described by 
Chaucer in his Canterbury Tales. At this period the young 
men were clean shaven, their elders wore a moustache and 
beard. Chaucer tells us 

A marchant was there with a forked beard, 
and this fashion was duly followed by William Grevel. He 
wears a tightfitting tunic reaching to the ankles ; from the 
waist it is fastened by buttons, of which three are visible above 
the girdle and eleven beneath it. The sleeves of this tunic are 
close-fitting, and from beneath them emerge the tighter sleeves 
of an under-dress with seven buttons showing on each wrist. 
The tunic is confined at the waist by a girdle made of leather 
profusely adorned, and passing through an oval buckle, the end 
is passed under the girdle hanging down in front, and ter- 
minated by a metal pendant, on which is engraved a rosette. 
On his left side is the anelace, or basilard, which is suspended 
from the girdle by a thong. The anelace is broad in the blade, 
sharpened on both sides and tapered from hilt to point. 
The scabbard is ornamented with little pateras at the top and 
middle. Over all is a mantle, fastened by three large buttons on 



22 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

the right shoulder, and, gathered over the left arm, hangs 
gracefully. Round his neck he wears a hood of which the 
buttons are not shewn. The shoes are pointed and fastened 
across the instep by a plain buckle. The background of the 
feet is plain. 

Marion Grevel wears the nebule head dress, which consists 
of three rolls of frills worn only on the top of the head and 
shoulders. Round her neck is a frill. The kirtle and cote- 
hardie are buttoned from the neck to the feet, and more than 
four score buttons are shown. In the Romance of Sir 
Degrevant, the writer describing the dress of an earl's daughter, 
says " To tell her botennes was toore" {i.e., dure, hard) — -to 
count her buttons would give much trouble. She wears neither 
mantle nor girdle, and closely buttoned mittens are seen on 
her wrists. The ends of the shoes are visible. 

They have hands folded in the attitude of prayer, the wife 
being on her husband's left hand. 

The figures lie under a double canopy crocketed and cusped : 
in each pedimentisthe merchant'smark. (19) This mark consists 
of a cross standing on a globe, and a 
streamer attached to the shaft. On 
either side and from the middle rise 
pinnacles. Between the finials and 
pinnacles are four shields. (20) It is very 
unusual to find the merchant's mark and 
his coat of arms on the same monument. 
The two outer pinnacles are continued 

Fig. 19. Merchant's . l 

Mark. 1401, Campden. down till their bases from the extremity 
of the diapered band at the bottom upon which the figures 
stand. The centre pinnacle has a foliated capital and is 
continued till its base rests on the diapered band. 

Inscription. — The inscriptions are placed exactly as on the 
French monuments, the husband's beginning under his feet, 
the wife's over her head. The legend round the verge comprises 
two distinct and complete commemorative inscriptions : — 

■$< 1bic iacet Wilelmus ©reuel oe CampDcne l quouom' Giuis 
Xon&on' & flos m'cator' lanar' tocius Hnqlie qui obijt p'mo die 
menfe ©ctobris air | on'i mill'm'o GCCC" p'mo. ^ 1bic iacet 
/Ifcariona vjor | preoicti Wilelmt que obijt S)ecimo oie /nbenfis 

For an account of Merchants' Marks see Gloucestershire Notes and Queries 
vol. v., p. 107 and vol. vi., pp. 9-12. 





Monumental Brasses. 23 

Septembrfs anno o'n'i mill mo CCC Xfjf ° U5 U Qnor* a'i ab' 
[p'picie]tnr Deus- Bmen. 

which may be thus translated : 

" Here lies William Grevel, of Campden, formerly a citizen 
of London, and the flower of the wool-merchants of all England, 
who died on the first day of October, A.D. 1401. Here lies 
Marion, wife of the aforesaid William, who died on the tenth 
of September, A.D., 1386. On whose souls may God have 
pity. Amen." 

Heraldry. — The arms on the four 
shields, are :- — Sable on a cross engrailed 
or, five pellets within a bordure engrailed 
of the second ; a mullet of the second in 
the dexter quarter for difference. The 
same still appears on the arms of the 
Earls of Warwick, but without the mullet. 

Illustrations. — Engravings of this 
brass may be found in Gough, vol. II. Fig 20 AmsofGrever 
pi. IV., p. 10, Bigland's Collections for 1401, Campden. 

Gloucesshire, vol. I., p. 283, BoutelVs Series, Weekly Register, 
No. 7, p. 105; BoutelVs Heraldry, Plate, xxxvii. (coat of arms) 

Portions Lost. — The lower portion of the central shaft, three 
crockets, the capital of the column at the wife's left hand p'picie 
of the inscription. 

Biographical Account. — -It is said that this family is of 
Norman extraction. John Grevill died before 33 Edward III., 
and was succeeded by his son William, who was seated at 
Campden. 21 Richard II. he had a son William, who was 
known as William Grevel of London, though afterwards he 
became of Campden, and is the subject of this memoir. 

" William Grevel, woolmerchant, of Campden, who rebuilt 
Campden Church, co. Gloucester, lent to King Richard the 
Second, two hundred marks, on a promise of repayment at the 
ensuing Easter, 1398. He purchased in the same year, of Sir 
Walter Beauchamp, Knt., the manor of Millcote, and obtained 
a release of the same from William de Peto, Nov. 5, 1398. In 
1400-1, 2 Henry IV., he entailed that estate by fine on the 
heirs of Joan, his then wife, sister and heir to Sir Philip Thorn- 
bury, Knt., and for want of such issue, to John and Lodowick, 
his sons by his first wife. 



24 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

ATale issue by his second wife Joan failing, he was succeeded 
in his estates by his eldest son John, and as an instance of the 
change in coat armour common at this period, it is deserving 
of note, that this John Grevel bore for his arms — Sable, on a 
cross engrailed within a bordure or, ten annulets of the first ; 
in the dexter quarter, a mullet of the second. He was suc- 
ceeded by his son John, who bore the arms without either 
annulets or pellets, but retained the mullet. The arms of the 
Grevilles as now borne by them are with the pellets, but 
without the mullet." — Willis's Current Notes (1857), vol. VII., 
p. 88. 

"Speaking of the eminent clothiersf of Wiltshire, Aubrey 
states that 'the ancestor of Sir William Webb, of Odstock, 
near Salisbury, was a merchant of the staple in Salisbury. As 
Greville and Wenman bought all the Coteswold wool, so did 
Hall and Webb the wooll of Salisbury plaines.' " 

For the subjoined interesting particulars, the reader is 
indebted to the Rev. T. P. Wadley. In a tax roll (numbered 
'.'? in the Public Record Office) which seems to belong to 2 or 
4 Richard II ; " Will' Greuel meicator Ian' Marie vx 1 eV xiijs. 
iijd. for both ; his servants Thomas, William, John, and Robert, 
and Agnes, and Agnes were taxed iiijd. each. 

" The Inquis p. mortem 3 Henry IV. No. 33 records that 
Wm. Grevil possessed property in Ullington and Pebworth. 

" These occur on the ancient roll of the Guild of the Holy 
Trinity, &c, of Coventry, the name of William Grevel, of 
Campedene, and Mariota his wife, and Richard Greuel his 
father. 

"The will of William Grevel, who died in 1401, is registered 
at the Lambeth Library, in Arundel, vol. I., fol. 183. It was 
made 2 Apr., 1401, and proved at Lambeth, 8th Oct., 1401. 
He desired to be buried in the Church of the Blessed Mary of 
' Campeden,' and bequeathed a 100 marks to the new work to 
be carried on there. Four chaplains were to celebrate daily in 
that Church for 10 years and be paid ^"200. Thomas Hare- 
well, Richard, my priest, Thomas Geme, John Lawe, John 
Thurk, William Welde, Henry Foliot, Andrew Boteller, Wm. 
Cooke, were the legatees named. Residue of goods to the 
executors, namely, his wife Johan, John Grevell, and Richard 
Boschell (apparently Richard Bushell, then of Broad Marston, 

- t The general name for a clothier was a "a webbe," under which title 
Chaucer has introduced one into his Canterbury Tales. 



Monumental Brasses. 25 

in Pebworth), who were to dispose, pro anima mea, Sir Rogei 
Hatton, abbot of Evesham, and Sir William Bradley, 
overseers." 

The present Earl of Warwick is descended from Wm. 
Grevel and is entitled to quarter his arms. For particulars as 
to descent from William Grevel the reader is referred to 
" Account of the Greville Family" by J. Edmondson, 1766. 

viii.— H)v>rbam. 

Sir Morys Russel [1401] , and wife Isabel, with canopy 
(pediments only left), 6 Latin verses, large, South aisle. Haines. 

Position. — Under a movable platform in south aisle. 

Size. — 7ft. 6in. x 3ft. iin. 

Description. — Sir Morys is represented in the armour which 
was commonly used during the end of the fourteenth and 
the first ten years of the fifteenth century. His armour 
is therefore very similar to that worn by Thomas Lord 
Berkeley, at Wotton-under-Edge, already described in No. II. 
of this series. Sir Morys wears the bascinet, camail, and 
habergeon of chain mail, breast and back plates, jupon with a 
a straight edge, and plate armour over the arms and legs. The 
hands are protected by gauntlets which are plain at the wrists, 
where the lining is visible, and they are armed with only one 
row of gadlings. He wears no collar. Gussets of mail are 
shown at the arm-pits, elbow-joints, and also at the knees and 
feet. The jupon is confined on the hips by a horizontal 
baldrick of square plates of metal richly chased and linked 
together, to which are attached the misericorde and sword. 
The misericorde, or dagger of mercy, which was used to give 
the coup de grace, is also called the basilard. It was a short 
dagger without a crossguard, worn on the right side, and 
attached to the baldrick by a short cord or chain. The upper 
part of the sheath for the sword is ornamented with rich 
tracery. The rowels of the spurs are clearly shown, and his 
feet are resting on a lion. (21) 

Lady Russel wears the nebule head-dress. This consists 
of a caul of network arranged in three rows on the top of the 
head. Under this caul is a close-fitting embroidered cap, 
which keeps the hair off the forehead. The head dress conceals 
the ears and falls in a wavy line upon the shoulders, where the 
network again appears. She is clothed in a mantle fastened 



26 



Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 




Fig.21. Sollerets and Lion. 1401, Dyrham. 

by a cord. Above the hands we see five buttons of the gown 
which is cut higher than that of Lady Berkeley. At her feet 
lies a little lap dog with a collar of bells. (22) 




Fig. 22. Dog. 1401, Dyrham. 

The figures are under a double canopy with oval cusped 
heads and crocketted ogee gables. Each tympanum is filled 
with a circular panel, containing a shield. The spandrils of 
the cusps are filled with leaves and terminate in trefoils. 

They both are represented full-face, with hands folded 



Monumental Brasses. 



27 



ready for devotion : the wife lying at her husband's right hand. 
Inscription. — Under their feet are the following Leonine 

verses : 

/IIMles p'uatus vita facet bic tumulatus 
Sub petra ftratus /lfcon?6lRurfel vocttatua 
3fabcl fponCa fuit buius militis ilra 
(Sine iacet abfeonfa tub marmorea mode cifta 
Celi folamen. trinftas, bis conferat. amen. 
(Slui fuit eft ct erit concito morte perit. 

Entombed here bereft of life, behold a noble Knight 
Beneath this stone he lieth prone, once Morys Russel hight 
And Isabel his loving spouse in marble rare enclosed 
Hidden from sight of earthly wight hath here her limbs reposed 
The joy of Heaven bestow on these, blest Trinity of Grace 
Past, present, future, Death shall seize, who are of mortal race. 

The two lines commencing with Isabel were also on a brass 
of about the same date at St. Mary's, Stafford : the names of 
the wives being the only difference. Vide Ashmole's Collec- 
tions for Staffordshire, Bodleian Library. No. 583, Vol. I.fol. 
12 a. 

Heraldry : — Over the husband, Argent, 
on a chief gules three bezants. The field 
is covered with diaper work, consisting of 
quatrefoils. (23 a) 

Over the wife is, Russel 
as above, impaling quar- 
Fig. 23 a terly 1st and 4th Argent, 

a bend wavy gules, between two bendlets 
of the last, Kingston, 2nd and 3rd, Ermine 
three annulets, one within the other gules, Fig. 23 b 

Fitton. (23 b) 

Illustration. — The effigies engraved in BoutelVs Series. 

Portions Lost. — The tops of the canopies and the flanking 
pinnacles, a portion of the guard of the sword 

Biographical A ccount. — " It is traditionally asserted that Sir 
Maurice Russel, knight, built the church dedicated to St. Peter 
at Dyrham. He was Sheriff of Gloucestershire 1396." Bi gland. 
He died seized of the manor 2 H. IV, and left two daughters 
Margaret and Isabel, the first married to Sir Gilbert Dennys, 
knight ; who, with Sir John Drayton and Isabel his wife, the 
other daughter of Sir Maurice, (married before to Sir John 
St. Roe) were jointly seized of the manor of Dyrham 3 H. V. 





28 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

But Sir Maurice, by a second wife, had a son Thomas, whose 
only child was named Margery, and died without issue. 

ix. and x.— Bristol, Urintt£, or Barstaple Hlmsbouse 

Cbapel. 

IX. — John Barstaple, burgess, founder of almshouses, 1411, 
canopy lost, small. 

X. — Isabella [Gayner?] wife of No. IX., canopy lost, 
engraved circa 1411, small. — Haines. 

Position. — In March 1882 these brasses consisted of loose 
and detached pieces in the custody of the Charity Trustees at 
Bristol. They were originally on two flat stones in the Chapel 
of the Trinity Almshouses. The erection of the new chapel 
was completed in 1882 when the brasses were recanopied 
and replaced on separate ledger stones in the chapel. 
Size. — 3ft. 7m. x ift. gin. and 3ft. 5m. x ift. gin. 
Description. — Though these are separate memorials it will 
be convenient to describe them together. It was not usual to 
erect a memorial for a wife distinct from that of her husband 
in the same church. 

John Barstaple has his hair cut short and a bifid beard. 

Round his neck he wears a hood fastened by buttons at the 

throat. His tunic reaches to his ankles, and is confined at the 

waist by an ornamental girdle, buckled in front, the end 

hanging down is terminated by a metal pendant, which formerly 

had a jewel in the cavity shown on the 

HjlBflHKHfe brass. From this belt is suspended a 

Vfl HP basilard or anelace on his left side. The 

S.™™/Jfc sleeves arc close and buttoned at the 

wrist. The shoes are large and fastened 

across the instep by a buckle. The 

\Wt^$%^7@!MlA ground beneath them is adorned with 

Fig. 24. Feet. lilies (24) 

1 141, Bristol Trinity. The figure of Isabella, the wife of 

John Barstaple, is a restored copy of an older one (Haines, 
p. liii.). The hair is represented on each side of the face; her 
head is covered by a veil or kerchief falling down on the back 
and shoulders ; a gorget or wimple covers the neck, and is 
drawn over the chin. Round the shoulders is a cape fastened 
in front by a bow. She wears a long dress with tight sleeves 
slightly open in front showing the fur lining, and confined at 




Monumental Brasses. 



29 




Fig. 25 Groundwork. 
c 1141. Bristol Trinity. 



the waist by a girdle which is tied in bow in front. Undei 

her feet are three leaves of clover. (25) 
They are both represented erect in 

the attitude of prayer. 

Over each figure is a single canopy, 

crocketted and cusped with a panelled 

pinnacle on 
either side also crocketted and cusped ; 
these pinnacles are continued to meet 
the inscription which is placed under the 
feet of each. The merchant's mark is 
below the inscription on the husband's 
brass and the coat of arms in a similar 
position on the wife's brass. 

The merchant's mark consists of a 
cross with three streamers from the 
stem, which passes through a globe and 
terminates in another cross. (26) 

T .,,■ Fig. 26. Merchants' Mark. 

inscription. — I4ir Bristol, Trinity. 

Ibtc meet Job'cs 3i3aritaple JBurqef Wile JBurfto 
[ir fuoator ifti loci qui] | obijt $v° hal'n ©ctob' Ira o'o'cal' & 

B° out £Ks mo CGCC mo £5 mo cui' [a i'e p'piciet' o's amen.] 

The words in brackets have been restored to the inscription. 

Here lies John Barstaple, burgess of the town of Bristol, 
founder of this place, who died 15th kalends of October, the 
Dominical letter D., 141 1, on whose soul may God be merciful. 
Amen. 

Ibic iacet Arabella quonoa v>r' Sob'is JBarftaple que obijt 

anno out mill'o CCCC ,D0 1'ra o'o'calis cui' a'ie 

p'piciet' o'e Bme. 

Here lies Isabella wife of John Barstaple, who died in the 

year of our Lord, 14 the dominical letter being 

on whose soul may God have pity. Amen. 




03 a mo mo 



' iwifirai D a -imp tpfi 



Fig. 27. Inscription. 141 1, Bristol, Trinity. 

The da of quondam and the do in dominicalis are conjoined 
and this contraction for domini is not usual. (27) 

This use of the dominical letter is rare, and the Roman 
computation by Kalends seldom occurs. 



3° 



Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 




Fig. 28. Shield, 
c 1411. Bristol, Trinity. 



Though John Barstaple and his wife were founders of the 
Trinity Almshouses, no one has taken the trouble of filling in 
the blanks on the brass of Isabella Barstaple with the date of 
her death. From her will it is clear she did not long survive 
her husband. 

Heraldry — The arms on the shield 
below the wife are " Azure, on a 
fesse between three roses or, as 
many bugle horns sa, Gayner." 
(Simpson.) (28) 

Illustration. — Bristol, Past and 
Present vol. 2. p. 176. 

Portions Lost. — The canopy on 
each brass and a portion of the inscrip- 
tion to John Barstaple were lost but 
are now restored, and the brasses are 
in perfect condition. 
Biographical Account. — John Barstaple was bailiff in 1379, 
sheriff in 1389; and Mayor of the city in 1395, 1401, 1405. 
"When John Barstaple married his wife Isabella she was a 
spinster and the younger daughter of Walter Darby, the 
founder of St. Werburgh's Church." — F. W. Newton. 

The will of Isabella Barstaple, widow of John Barstaple, a 
burgess of Bristol, was made 2nd March, 141 1, and proved 
30th March, 1412, (his will see 23 Marche) 1412. P. C. C. 24 
Marche. To be buried in the Chapel of the Holy Trinity, "iux' 
portam Lafford." Names sons, Sir Nicholas, a chaplain, and 
Thomas and two daughters Alice and Joan wife of Robert 
Shepward. For further particulars see Bristol Wills p. 87. 

xi.— dufntcm. 

Joan Clopton, widow of Sir (Wm. ?) Clopton, vowess, circa 
1430, with canopy, and eight elegiac verses on marginal 
inscription. Altar Tomb. — Haines. 

Situation. — On altar tomb at east end of south aisle. 

Size. — 6ft. 4m. x 2ft. 6in. 

Description.- — Her head is covered by the veil head-dress 
or hood. The veil is thrown over side cauls which causes the 
head-dress to assume somewhat the shape of the horned head- 
dress, and it hangs down covering the shoulders. A gorge 
or wimple covers her neck ; this piece of attire is drawn 



Monumental Brasses. 3 1 

over the chin in plaits and strained up each side of the face, 
the kirtle is long and has tight sleeves with narrow fur 
cuffs at the wrists. The mantle is fastened by a cord which 
passes through two metal loops with studs in front, termed 
fermailes, placed on each side of the mantle ; this cord passes 
through a slide made of cord, and terminates below the waist 
in two tassels. Beneath is a tight-fitting gown not girt at the 
waist. On her right hand is a ring with a jewel. She is 
represented full face, with her hands raised in the attitude of 
devotion. 

The effigy lies under a crocketted canopy, with a circular 
cusped head. The tympanum is filled with a circular panel 
containing a sexfoil, the spandrils being filled with quatrefoils, 
as also the upper two spandrils of the cusps. The canopy is 
terminated by a foliated finial. On each side rises a panelled 
pinnacle surmounted by a crocketted finial. The sides of the 
canopy are continued down level with the feet and beneath 
them are shields, as also between the pinnacles and the gable 
of the canopy. 

As she was a "vowess" she is represented on a separate 
tomb. Her husband is commemorated by an alabaster effigy. 

Inscription — the margin is the following inscription : — 

►E Criste ncpos Bnne Clopton' miserere 3ob'e 
(Slue tibi sacrata ciauoitur bic vioua 
iTlMUte befuncto sponso pro te ib'u fuit ista 
Xarga libens miseris probiqa & bospittbus 
Sic ven'abilibus templis sic fuoit egenis 
/HMtteret vt celis quas sequeretur opes 
lpro tantis meritis sibi oones reqna beata 
flee premat vma rogt 33 beet aula Dei 

Vowed to a holy life when ceased her Knightly husband's breath 
Joan Clopton here, Anne's grandchild dear ; implores Thy grace in death 
O Christ !— for Thee O Jesu blest, how largely hath she shed 
Her bounteous gifts on poor and sick — how hath she garnished 
Thy stately shrines with splendour meet — how hath she sent before 
Her earthly wealth to Thee above, to increase her heavenly store ! 
For such blest fruits of faith, O grant, in Thine own joy her meed 
Light-lies an earthly tomb on those whom Heavenly blessings speed ! 



MOtf<3 



Fig. 29. " Pear" c 1430, Quinton. 

At the end of each line is a "pear" (29) the charge on the 
Besford arms, a punning allusion to "Pearsford." 



32 



Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 



At each of the four corners of the inscription round the 
verge are the symbols of the four evangelists : — St. Matthew, 
an angel clothed in amice and albe, at upper sinister angle ; St. 
Mark, a winged lion, at lower dexter anglp ; St. Luke, a 
winged ox, at lower sinister angle ; and St. John, an eagle, at 
upper dexter angle. 

Over her head is a scroll with the following words, taken 
from Psalm xl. 

Complaceat tibi One ut eripias me 
2>ne a& a&iuuanO' me reepice. 



Heraldry. — On the right hand at top 
bars gules, fretty, or, for Clopton, (30) 
on the left hand side at top (2) Gules, 
a fess argent, between 
six pears or, for 
Besford (31). At the 
right hand below the 
canopy is (1) impaling 
(2) (32), and on the 
left hand is (1) with 
the addition of a 
canton. 



is (1) Argent two 




xxxx 



^^ 



Fig. 31. Shield, 
c 1430. Quinton. 

red has remained. 



Fig. 30. Shield. 
c 1430. Quinton. 

These arms were originally filled 
in with composition, of which much of the 
" According to Burke, 
one family of Clopton bore arms almost 
identical with those assigned to Besford, 
viz., Gu., a few betw. six pears, or, the 
only difference being the tincture of the 
fess." — (Sir John Maclean, in the Trans- 
actions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire 
Society, vol. vi., p. 343.) The Clopton 
arms appear on the brass to Thomas de 
Cruwe, 141 1, Wixford Church, Warwick- 
shire. 

Illustration. — Trans. Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeo- 
logical Society, vol. xiii p. 168. 

Portions Lost. — The monument is in excellent condition, 
and at the east end of the tomb is — 

T. Lingen, Ar. reparavit, Anno 1739. 
Brasses composed of several distinct portions are rarely 




Fig. 32. Shield, 
c 1430. Quinton. 



Monumental Brasses. 33 

found perfect ; the inscription at the end of the tomb 
possibly explains why this memorial is so perfect. 

Biographical Account. Sir William Clopton was the son 

of Julian by her first husband. Her second 

husband was Phos. de Crue, and the brass to both is at 
Wixford. 141 1. The latter died without issue in 1418 and 
was succeeded by the family and representatives of his wife's 
former husband. Thomas de Crue, in his will, proved 23rd 
September, 1418, left his sister, Elizabeth (prioress of 
Chester), and William Clopton, and jfoan his wife, executors. 
License was granted, 26 Henry VI., to Wm. Wolashull to 
found a chantry in connection with the Crewe Chapel at 
Wixford, co. Warwick; the chaplain to celebrate divine 
offices for the souls of Thomas Crewe and Julian, his wife, 
William Clopton Knight, and jfohan, his wife, &c. She was 
second daughter and co-heir of Alexander Besford alias 
Pearsford of Besford co. Worcester. 

Sir William Clopton died 7 Hen. V. (1419), and was 
buried at Quincon where is his effigy. He left a son and heir 
who must have died }Oung and without issue for his two 
daughters became codieiresses. The elder Agnes married 
1st Roger Harewell of Wotton Wawen, co. Warwick, and 
2nd Thos. Herbert. The younger Joane married Sir John 
Burgh, Knight who died 1471, the last heir of the Princes 
of South Wales. She had three daughters, the youngest of 
whom married Sir John Lingen, Knight, who was sheriff of 
Herefordshire in 1470 and again in 1476. 

The above-mentioned "T. Lingen, Ar." a descendant of 
the Cloptons died in 1742. 

xii. -Cirencester. 

[Rich.] Dixton, Esq., 1438, under canopy, marginal 
inscription mutilated, large. — Haines. 

Situation. — This brass is in Trinity Chapel, and lies with 
others, close to the reredos. 

Size. — 7ft. 6in. x 2ft. 6in. 

Description. — -The effigy is that of a warrior clothed in 
the characteristic armour of the XV century. He wears a 
complete panoply of plate armour. His head is protected 
by a globular bascinet, which over the forehead is ornamented 
by a narrow band of quatrefoils ; the top of the cuirass is 



34 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

enriched by a similar ornamental edging. The clean shaven 
face of the knight is unprotected : this was by no means 
unusual during this period ; for the additional safety afforded 
by the vizor was dispensed with to obtain freedom of 
breathing as well as to be rid of the stifling heat and weight 
of the solid steel plate the vizor would entail. A gorget of 
plate which reaches the bascinet, protects the neck and both 
sides of the face ; its lower edge is escalloped. The body is 
protected by polished breast and back plates, which open 
with hinges at the sides ; the arms, from the shoulder to the 
elbow, by brassarts consisting of overlapping plates, which 
are seen on the right shoulder, and from the elbow to the 
wrist by vambraces. "The pauldron of the left shoulder is 
elaborately enlarged and strengthened to resist a blow, while 
the right shoulder is more simply and lightly armed so 
as to offer as little hindrance as possible to the action of the 
sword-arm." — The Knights of the Middle Ages, Rev. E. L. 
Cutts. The elbows are guarded by small plates, which are 
termed gardes-de-bras. The gauntlets are not divided into 
fingers but are hinged in two places to allow the fingers to be 
used more freely, and they have plain cuffs. To the cuirass 
is attached at the waist a skirt of taces which consist of a 
series of narrow overhanging plates, fastened to a leather 
lining. The taces had hinges on their left side, and were 
fastened by buckles on the right ; here the separate plates 
of the skirt of taces are notched in the centre, and they are 
eight in number. As the arms are protected by a system of 
secondary defences or reinforcing, so are the legs ; the thighs 
are guarded by tuiles (so called because they resemble tiles), 
which are buckled on to the skirt of taces. A little rosette 
covers the fastening of the two straps to each tuile and the 
two outer straps are fixed to the seventh tace, the two inner 
ones to the eighth tace. The legs are protected by plate 
armour : under the tuiles may be seen the cuissarts which 
protect the thighs and beneath the knees, the jambarts— the 
knees are guarded by genouillieres, while extra pointed plates 
defend the shins. The feet are protected by sollerets of 
overlapping plates ; and he wears rowelled spurs. His feet 
are resting on a dog with head uplifted (33). Across the skirt of 
taces from right to left stretches diagonally a narrow sword- 
belt to which is attached on the left side, the scabbard 



Monumental Brasses. 



35 




Fig. 33. Dog. 1438, Cirencester. 

ornamented at the top. The sword is long and narrow, with 
a long, curved crossguard (34). 

On the pommel appears his coat of arms. This does not 
often occur. His spurs are guarded so that they might not 
get entangled. By some this is thought to be a sign that 
the wearer was a courtier. At any rate Dixton was one, as 
we shall see later on. 

Inscription. — The inscription, the lost part being supplied 
from Bigland runs thus : 

[1btc jacet IRicbarous] SDijton armiger qui obijt oie 
Sancti Xaurenctj [/Iftart^ris anno Domini] /ibillesimo CCCC 
££Ivnij^ Cuius anime propicietuc [H)cus Bmen.] 

Here lies Richard Dixton, Esq., who died on the day of 
Saint Lawrence the Martyr, [i.e. Aug. 10] in the year of our 
Lord 1438. On whose soul may God have pity. Amen. 

The figure is erect, with the hands folded in the attitude 
of prayer, while over it is a very fine canopy with an 



36 



Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 



oval cusped head, and a crocketted ogee gable, which is quite 
perfect, terminating in a foliated finial ; there is a soffit 
moulding of quatrefoils running above the cusps ; the two 
lower cusps are filled with trefoils. The tympanum is filled 
by a circular traceried panel divided into seven compart- 
ments, each of which is sub-divided and cusped ; in the eye 
of the panel is a quatrefoil. The spandrils are filled with 
quatrefoils and trefoils. On either side are panelled pinnacles, 
which are continued downwards and end level with the feet, 
but unfortunately all the upper portions of them are gone. 

Heraldry. — His arms are engraved on the pommel of the 
sword (34) and are Or, a pile azure, over all a chevron 
gules ; the same coat appears on the North wall of the 
[Trinity] chapel. 

,f\ 

1 ■•».. 




Fig. 34. Pommel of Sword. 1438, Cirencester. 

Illustrations. — Bigland vol. I., p. 341 ; Waller pt. xii ; 
HontelVs Mon. Br. p. 69 (placcates). 

Portions Lost. — The end of the sword, portion of the 
cross-guard, the misericorde, portions of the inscription, and 
two flanking pinnacles, and two shields, one on each side of 
the gable of the canopy. 

Biographical Account. — Beyond the fact that Richard 
Dixton was squire to the ill-starred Richard of York, (father 
of Edward IV.) I have found no other record, except his 
will (P. C. C. Luffenam 119,) in it he desires to be buried 
"withyn the new chapell of the Trinite at Siscetre." He 
bequeaths vestments to this chapel and its priests, also to 
other religious bodies, " iij of my best hors to my Lord of 
York," " to my wyf all my stuff beying at the Fasterne." 
One of the executors was William Prelett of Siscetre 



Monumental Brasses. 37 

see No. 24. His will is printed in extenso in Trans. Bris.and 
Glos. Arclucol. Soc. vol. xi, p. 155. 

xiil— Bristol, St. fl&ars iReocUff. 

Sir John Juyn, recorder of Bristol, Baron of the 
Exchequer, Chief Justice of the King's Bench, 1439, marginal 
inscription and eight Latin verses, Lady chapel. — Haines. 

Position. — On a flat stone in the Lady chapel. 

Size.— 6ft. x 2ft. 7in. 

Description. — Sir John has a close cap covering his head, 
and he is clean shaven. Round his neck is a hood and over 
his shoulders a tippet edged with fur, which is to he seen 
under the mantle on the right shoulder. The tunic is long, 
reaching to the ankles, and the sleeves are full and slightly 
open at the wrists, showing the fur lining; beneath them 
fastened close to the wrists are seen the sleeves of an under- 
dress. His mantle is not so long as his tunic : it is fastened 
by one button on the right shoulder, and being gathered up it 
falls in folds over the left arm ; it is lined with fur. His shoes 
have pointed toes. He is represented full face with hands 
folded in prayer. 

Inscription. — Round the verge is — 

1bic iacet Uobes 3ti\>it iUMles Capitalis Juotciari' D'nt 
IReqis ao pitta Coram fp'o reqe tenenba qui obijt $jttt° 2>ie 
/Iftavcit Hnno Dni AMllmo <IG<J(IU£5$ " cut' a't'e p'picietur oc' 
amen. 

Here lies John Juyn, Knight, Chief Justice of our Lord 
the King for Pleas held before the King himself, who died on 
the 23rd day of March in the year of our Lord, 1439, on 
whose soul may God have mercy. Amen. 

Beneath his feet are eight Leonine verses : — 

Juste Deus pactens JuDex miserere Jobannls 
3111211 qui tus taciens miles fuit ei' in annis 
Wrbe recorbator fuit bac JBaro Sccioqs 
Sumus et in SJanco Jubej capitalis \1troq3 
Sriisticiam voluit conijam cu pietate 
/HMllciam coluit subniram nobilitate 
Juste ibu fortis miles iam ppiciatus 
JEsto tores mortis sibi claube remitte reatus. 

" O Just God, patient Judge, have mercy upon John Juyn, 
who was in his time a soldier, but practising the law he 
became Recorder of this City, Chief Baron of the Exchequer, 
and Chief Justice in both benches, he tempered justice with 



38 



Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 



clemency ; maintained himself, being a soldier, in honour. 
Just Jesus ! brave soldier ! now be thou propitiated ; shut the 
doors of death upon him, pardon his sins." Between each 

word of the legend round the 
verge the same ornament is 
repeated (35). 






Fig. 35. " Break.' 

!T I439i Bristol, St. Mary Redcliff. Heraldry .-Beneath are 

two shields, the sinister being, Or, a fess azure between 
three unicorn's heads coupled argent, within a bordure of 
the same, quartered with ... a lion rampant (36a) . . . 
The dexter being ... a lion rampant . . . impaling 
, . . (36b) Pryce. 





Fig. 36a. Shield. 
1439, Bristol, St. Mary Redcliff. 



Fig. 36b. Shield. 
1439, Bristol, St. Mary Redcliff. 



Illustrations. — Anastatic Society, i860. 

Portions Lost. — None. 

Biographical Account. — Pryce, p. 183, says " beyond what 
is stated in the inscription little is known of him." but more 
is known of him now than was in Pryce's time. 

Rev. T. P Wadley, M.A., suggests that his name may 
have been Inyn, and adds, " There were anciently Bristol 
people of the name of Innyn or Inhyme. A Philip Guyn was 
among the burgesses of Bristol in 1430. Again, the episcopal 
registers at Worcester record that William Inyne, Canon of 
Cirencester, was ordained a religious acolyte and sub-deacon 
in the year 1407, December 17th, possibly his name was 
Juyne." From Judges of England by Foss the following is 
taken :— 

John Juyn is so called in the Rolls of Parliament, and the 
Acts of the Privy Council, but sometimes spelt Joyn, and on 
his monument Juyn and so in Bishop Bubwith's will of 



Monumental Brasses. 39 

which he was one of the executors, which seems most 
probably correct, as his mansion is now called " Inne Court." 
He was one of 1 Somersetshire family, his country seat being 
at Bishopsworthy (now called Bishport) in that county. 
He first appears in the Year Book of II Hen. IV; after 
which his name is of frequent occurence. He held the office 
of Recorder of Bristol, and about eight months after the 
accession of Henry VI, he was appointed, on 5th May, 1423, 
to the double office of Chief Baron of the Exchequer, and 
Judge of the Common Pleas, (Acts Privy Council Hi. 71. ) 
He was knighted in 4 Hen. VI ; and on gth Feb., 1436, he 
was made Chief Justice of the latter court. About three 
years later he became chief justice of the King's Bench and 
presided there to his death, on 24th March, 1439-40. He 
was buried in St. Mary's Chapel, Redcliffe Church, Bristol 
Bv his wife Alice he left a son. 

xiv.— Cirencester. 

Robert Page, wool merchant, 1440 (?) and wife Margaret, 
with six sons and eight daughters ; canopy ; marginal inscription 
in six Latin verses (stating he repaired churches and roads) 
lost. The date is given from Wood's M.S. (D. 11. No. 8,517, 
fol. 29) at the Ashmolean Library. — Haines. 

Position. — On a flat stone in the Trinity Chapel. 

Size. — 7ft. x 2ft. ioin. 

Description. — " There is a very fine brass, with double 
canopies, representing a merchant and his wife, with fourteen 
children at their feet. There is no name, as the whole of the 
inscription is lost ; but the style of the execution of the brass 
would place the date about the latter half of the XV century 
(temp. Edw. IV. or Rich. III). The male figure is depicted 
wearing a loose gown, with large sleeves, gathered in tighter 
at the wrist ; the collar is standing up round the neck, and 
there is a girdle round the waist ; the female figure is draped 
much in the same style. At the foot of the male figure, and 
above the canopy are escutcheons charged with a merchant's 
mark, and a letter " R " in old English. This is probably one 
Robert Pagge and his wife, who are stated in the History of 
Cirencester as being commemorated by a fine brass in the 
church. A scroll issues from the mouth with these words 



40 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

1 That to the T finite for us,' the rest is lost, but the words 
most probably were l pray, singe or read,'' as examples are to 
be found in other parts of the kingdom. "- 

Rev. W. E. Hadow, M.A. 
The figures are under a double canopy with circular cusped 
heads, and crocketted ogee gables terminated by a foliated 
finial characteristic of the period. The tympana are filled in 
with circular panels, within which are sexfoils ; the spandrils 
being filled in with trefoils as also the spandrils of the cusps. 
On either side and between the canopies are panelled pinnacles 
terminated with crocketted finials ; the outer pinnacles are con- 
tinued down on either side forming a border, but the centre one 
is terminated by a moulded and foliated pendant. The feet of 
Robert Page rest upon a woolsack. Beneath the husband 
are six sons, and beneath the wife eight daughters. The sons 
are dressed like their father, and the daughters have long 
dresses with sleeves like their mother's, but lower at the neck. 
Their hair is confined by caps with side cauls covering the 
ears. Unfortunately the heads of the first three daughters 
have vanished, but Mr. Blake of Stroud has very kindly lent 
a rubbing taken before they disappeared, and on that is shown 
that all eight daughters wore similar caps. Scroll work 
separates each child. All are represented standing with hands 
folded in the attitude of prayer. His merchant's mark con- 
sists of a cross with streamers standing on a lozenge charged 
with the letter "K" in old english. 

Inscription. — " Bigland has preserved the inscription of 
this and other memorials, stating in a note that he ' has given 
them as before the mutilation from a manuscript of Thomas 
Carles, M.A., vicar, dated Dec. 8, 1673, obligingly communi- 
cated by the Rev. Mr. Kilner.' 

1btc iacct IRobcrtus ipagqc cum flftargareta stbt sponsa prole 
fecunoa. 

Dfcinis qratus fuerat mcrcator amatus 
Ipactffcus, plcnis manibus Bubventor cqenis 
JEcclcsusque vixs omator, ct bis ceparator, 
/llMir C quater £ quater anno, sco Sprflfs 
©ctava luce mortem p' transit ipse, 
Cell solamen Dcus, illi conferat. amen. 

"He states that on a Pilaster between him and his wife is 
engraven the usual diagram of the Trinity, and on a label 
' That to the Trinite for us pray, singe or read.' Pagge's 
label it would seem was already lost." 



er ij 






42 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

The inscription may thus be rendered into English : — 
Of good report, beloved of all, this peaceful man of trade, 
With liberal soul his plenteous dole to needy brethren made, 
The beauty of God's house he sought, our ways he well 

sustained, 
In fourteen-hundred-fortieth year, when showery April rained, 
On the eighth morn death's gate he passed : — O ruler of the 

skies, 
On him Thy heavenly grace bestow, and grant the eternal 
prize. 

Illustratio 'is. — None known. 

Portions Lost. — The inscription, the label over the 
husband's head, the finials of the pinnacles, a portion of the 
side, the heads of the first three daughters. 

Biographiial Account. — The inscription states that he 
repaired churches and roads. His Avill is in the Prerogative 
Court of Canterbury 27 Luffenham. 

xv.— Cirencester. 

Reginald Spycer, merchant, 1442, and his wives, Margaret, 
Juliana, Margaret, Joan. — Haines. 

Position. — On the floor in the Trinity Chapel. 

Size. — 2ft. 5m. x ift. ioin., not including the merchant's 
mark. 

Description. — " The date of the brass to Reginald Spycer 
and his four wives is 1442 (20 Henry IV.) The male figure in 
the centre is clothed in a close-fitting gowm, reaching nearly to 
the ankles, girded at the waist ; the sleeves are somewhat full, 
but fit tolerably close at the wrist ; the collar is an upright one ; 
the gown is buttoned from the neck to the breast ; beneath 
appears the collar of the under-tunic. Of the wives, the two 
on the husband's left hand w r ear that peculiar shape of the 
horned head-dress, which may be distinguished as the ' heart- 
shaped,' the folds of the head-dress descend in front of the' 
figures on to the breast ; the kirtles are long and flowing over 
the feet, the sleeves shaped like their husband's ; the collar is 
opened so as to fall back, and no buttons are visible ; the kirtle 
is confined round the waist by a girdle. The two wives on the 
husband's right hand wear the coverchef, falling in folds in 
front on the breast ; and the wife on the extreme right has the 
hair in a sort of caul, or close cap ; both of these dresses are of 




Fig. 42. Reginald Spycer and four wives, 1442, Cirencester. 




44 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

older date than the heart-shaped, and thus on the same brass we 
have examples of the styles in which ladies dressed their hair 
from the latter part of the 14th to the middle of the 15th 
century. The kirtles of both the earlier wives are flowing like 
the others, but the sleeves are quite of a different pattern, being 
cut straight and are not so full. There are buttons from the neck 
to the breast ; both also wear girdles." (42) — Rev. W . E. Hadow, 
M.A.. They are all erect with hands in the 
attitude of prayer, the husband having two 
wives on each side of him. 

Beneath the figures is an escutcheon 
charged with a merchant's mark (43) 
between the letters 1R and £>. The 
merchant's mark may be described as a 
cross with two streamers and a semicircle 
on the stem opposite to the streamers. 
The cross passes through a globe and the Me re£Stftiark. 
foot of the stem has a long horizontal line 1442 Cirencester, 
cutting it. 

Inscription. — The inscription at the foot is as follows. — 
1bic tacent IRecjtnalDus Spv?cer quondam m'cator isti' ville qui 
obijt i£° etc Jultj anno O'ni mill' mo CCCC° jlij° et /nbargareta 
Juliana /Hbargareta ac 3Wna vjores ei' quor' a't'abus p'picetur 
o'6. amen. 

The inscription in English reads thus : — " Here lie Reginald 
Spycer, formerly a merchant of this town, who died on the 9th 
of July, a.d. 1442, and Margaret, Juliana, Margaret, and Joan, 
his wives on whose souls may God have mercy. Amen." 

Illustrations. — Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucester- 
shire Archaeological Society for 1877-8, p. 154. 

Portions Lost. — None. 

Biographical Account — Nothing is known of Reginald 
Spicer, but the will of a Joan Spicer, of Cirencester, probably 
his widow, was proved 1444. P.CC. Lufienham. 

xvi.-mewlant). 

A. man in armour, legs gone, and wife circa 1445, with 
cuiious crest, marginal inscription nearly all lost. South 
Chancel. — Haines. 

Position. — On the floor in the Chapel of SS. Nicholas and 
John. 



Monumental Brasses. 



45 



Size. — This brass originally was 7ft. ioin. x 3ft., but all 
that remains is 3ft. 9m. x 2ft 2in. 

Description — The husband is represented wholly in plate 
armour. His hair is cropped close but the beard is full. His 
head rests on a helmet of which the visor is raised. (44) The 




Fig. 44. Head and Helmet, c 1445. Newland. 

body is protected by a cuirass, the shoulders are defended by 
epaulieres. " The left or bridle arm is more fully protected 
than the right, by large plates placed outside the elbow, and 
in front of the armpit ; they were secured by small spikes or 
spring-pins fitted into staples affixed to the armour under- 
neath, the loops of which passed through holes in the centre of 
the plates. The right, or sword arm, which was required for 
action, has slighter defences ; thus a small and peculiar-shaped 
plate called a moton, protects the armpit, and the elbow-piece 
is much smaller." — Haines, p. cxci. The gauntlets have long 
pointed cuffs and have no gadlings. To the cuirass is attached 
a skirt of seven taces ; to this skirt are buckled two pointed 
tuiles which hang over and protect the thighs. Across the 
skirt is stretched a sword-belt obliquely from right to left, to 
this belt is fastened a sword, and on the right side the pommel 
oi the misericorde is seen. The thighs are covered by cuisses ; 
the rest of the figure has disappeared. 

The wife wears the fashionable horned head-dress of the 
period. The embroidered band of the crespine closely fits the 



4 6 



Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 



face and entirely conceals the hair and ears. The side cauls of 
the crespine are much raised above the forehead, thus forming 
that variety of the horned head-dress known as the acutely- 
pointed. Over all this is thrown a veil which is gathered in 
folds and falls gracefully on the shoulders. The caul is 
enriched by bands of embroidered cinquefoils 
which alternate with slightly narrower bands 
upon which are worked a neat pattern. Her dress 
is long, and being girt high by an ornamental 
girdle makes the figure short- waisted. The 
sleeves are wide and hanging, but narrow at the 
wrists. At the neck the dress is low, leaving 
the upper portions of the shoulders as well as 
the neck bare. 

They are both represented erect with hands 
in the attitude of prayer, the wife being on the 
husband's right hand. 

Inscription. — The late Mr. J. I). T. Niblett, 
f.s.a., kindly gave me a rubbing on which are 
BlinO ft'ltl fllMU'O CCCIC", these words have 
now disappeared but they are here reproduced 
(45). In the illustration in the Antiquarian 
Repertory, 1780, two more words are given, 
£>IC /lfrntC> but now all traces of the inscription 
have disappeared. The late Sir John Maclean 
suggested that untie may have been a misreading 
of in nsis. On the slab between the figures are 
incised these words: SIR CHRISTOPHER 
BAYNHAM, KT., and these have been filled 
in with mortar. 

Heraldry. — The four shields originally on 
this memorial are lost, but in the centre above is 
a square plate (46) which in 1780 was reported as 
lost but now is in place. Mr. Nicholls in his 
Foiest of Dean (p. 217) thus describes it : — 

"The heraldic crest gives a curious repre- 
sentation of the" iron miner of that period 
equipped for his work. (46) It represents him 
as wearing a cap, holding a candlestick between his teeth 
handling a small mattock with which to loosen as occasion 
required, the fine mineral earth lodged in the cavity within 



W& 



HI 



Monumental Brasses. 



47 



which he worked, or else to detach the metallic incrustations 
lining its sides, bearing a light wooden mine-hod on his back, 
suspended by a shoulder strap, and clothed in a thick flannel 
jacket, and short leathern 
breeches, tied with thongs 
below the knee. Although 
in this representation the 
lower extremities are con- 
cealed, the numerous 
shoe -footed marks yet 
visible on the moist beds 
of some of the old 
excavations prove that the 
feet were well protected 
from injury by the rough 
rocks of the workings. 
Several mattock - heads 
exactly resembling the one 
which this miner is 
holding have also been 
discovered ; and to enable 
us, as it were, to supply 
every particular, small oak 
shovels for collecting the 
ore, and putting it into the Fig. 46. 

hod, have in some places been found." 

Illustrations. — Antiq. Repert, 1780, p. 259, and 1808, Vol. 
II. p. 387, Nicholls' Forest of Dean (crest), cover, title-page 
and p. 217, Bristol and Gloucestershire Archceological Society 
Trans., vol. vii, and Cardiff Naturalists' Society Trans., vol. 
xviii (1886) p. 48 (Crest only, litho. by T. H. Thomas). 

Portions Lost. — The brass has suffered very rough treat- 
ment, it is much worn, and the portions lost are : — the whole 
of the marginal inscription, four shields, and the legs of the 
husband. 

Biographical Account. — Jn the Transactions of the Bristol 
and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society, vol. vii, is a paper 
by the late Sir John Maclean, f.s.a., entitled " Notes on the 
Greyndour Chapel and Chantry, in the Church of Newland 
co. Gloucester, and on certain monumental brasses there," the 
writer assigns these brasses to Robert Greyndour and his wife 




Crest, c 1445. Newland. 



48 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

dame Joan Barre. He died 19 November, 1443. His widow 
Joan, was daughter and heiress of Thomas Rugge, or Rigge, 
of Charlecomb, co. Somerset. She obtained letters patent, 
dated 6 November, 1445, to found a perpetual Chantry in the 
Church of Newland. She married Sir John Barre, of 
Rotherwas, co. Hereford, knight, who died 14 January, 1482-3, 
and dying 17 June, 1485, was buried in Newland Church with 
her first husband, Robert Greyndour. Her will is in the 
Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 16 Logge. 

xviL-iRortbleacb. 

Thos. Fortey, woolman, repaired churches and roads, 1447, 
(head lost) ; William Scors, tailor, 1420, and their wife Agnes 
(head lost), with two groups of children, two daughters (3 [?] 
other children gone) and two sons and four daughters, canopy 
and marginal inscription mutilated, North Aisle. — Haines. 

Position. — On the floor in the North Aisle behind the organ. 

Size. — 8ft. 3m. x 3ft. 3m. 

Description. — This brass represents Agnes Fortey and her 
two husbands — Thomas Fortey and William Scors. 

She wears a robe with full sleeves, open and turned back 
at the wrists and lined with fur. Her dress is short-waisted 
and girt with a narrow plain girdle. The lady is now 
unfortunately headless. But this brass is illustrated in Lysons' 
Gloucestershire Antiquities, plate 42 ; and in it she is repre- 
sented as wearing the veil head-dress. 

Both her husbands wear tunics or gowns which reach half 
way down the leg, and are fringed with fur ; the lower part of 
each is slit up in front to allow greater freedom in walking ; 
the collar of each is buttoned up close to the chin ; the sleeves 
are moderately full, but close at the wrists, where they are 
turned back and reveal the fur lining ; the sleeves of an under- 
dress are shown beneath. The tunic is girt round the waist 
by a narrow belt, which is plain on William Scors, but two 
studs or ornaments appear on Thomas Fortey's girdle. The 
hair of William Scors is cropped close, and he is clean shaven. 
The shoes are distinct from the hose ; they have pointed toes 
and are fastened by buckles. 

Under Thomas Fortey is what Lysons calls a woolpack, 
but it is now so worn as to render it difficult to say what it 
represented ; under William Scors is a pair of shears (47). The 



Monumental Brasses. 



49 




Fig. 47. Feet of William Scors. 1447. Northleach. 



woolpack " was the sign of the wool merchant, and the 
" pair of shears " that of a clothier, but in the inscription Scors 
is recorded as being 
a tailor. In Seend 
Church, Wilts, a 
"pair of scissors " 
is exhibited on the 
one side of the west 
window of the north 
aisle, and a " pair 
of shears " on the 
other side; and Mr. 
Kite, in his Monu- 
mental Brasses of 
Wiltshire, says that 
they are " in 
allusion to the 
occupation of the 
founder who was 
doubtless a clothier." Perhaps it may be well to note 
that on the west wall of the tower of Cranham Church, a 
parish which touches Painswick on the north-east, there is 
carved the representation of a " pair of scissors " or " shears." 
It would be interesting to know whether the whole, or any 
part, was built by a "clothier." 

The figures are erect with hands folded in the attitude of 
prayer; they are under an elaborate and enriched canopy, 
which has been much mutilated. Agnes is standing between 
her two husbands, having Thomas Fortey on her right hand, 
and William Scors on her left hand. 

Inscription. — Beneath the figures there is a two-line inscrip- 
tion, which with the help of Lysons, from whom is taken the 
portions enclosed in brackets, reads thus : — 

1bic jacct Zbom'e ffortes Molma, mill's Scots aav>lour 8. 
agues v>£' eoruoe q' quite Gb (om's obiit) | p'mo Die oeccb a° 
o'n't /lfc°CCCC 47* Will's obiit oie a° o'nl /nyCCCCf 1° 
Bgnes obiit oie / B J (o'ni /l&CCC ). 

This may be thus rendered into English : — 

" Here lie Thomas Fortey, Woolman, William Scors, 
Tailor, and Agnes their wife, which Thomas indeed died on 

* These figures (47) are very quaintly formed ; this date has, therefore 
puzzled antiquaries. Lysons reads it as 84 ; Bigland gives it as being XX i 



50 



Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 




day 
day 



fta*A 



the first day of December, A.D. 1447, William died 
of A.D. 1420, Agnes died 
of A.D. 14 . ." 

The date 1447 is 
shown in facsimile in 
the annexed engraving Fig. 49- 

Beneath were two groups of 
children, with scrolls above them. 
The group of Thomas Fortey's children 
has disappeared, but the scroll remains 
with these words—" 4 ]p>ra*£ for %C 

cbtlbren of TTbomas jForte£." 

The other group consists of two sons 
and four daughters, and over them is 
a scroll inscribed with ' TTbC*0SC \)C 

: *ge cbiloen of Millia Scors, vl 

Round the verge is this inscription, 

the spaces between each word being 

i filled with various ornaments : — 

; © Sub (rose) pebe (rose) motte 

! (rose) jacetlS (rose) UbOttiaS (rose) 

tfOrtC*g (rose .... scroll) | (quad- 

j. ruped) Bt (cock) sua (leaf) gpOHSa 

(boar) placeUS (hedgehog) UQWC5 

(cinque foil) Slbl (fleur-de-lis) 

COUSOClatUr (rose and scroll work) 

[flDercator biouus iustus 
uerasq; beniQnus] (two dogs 

fighting) IRoSCttUU (cinquefoil) in 
(crab) SignlS (blank) UOU (two fleurs- 

de-Hs) [(jauoens 5pe 

malionis] I Ecc'liarum (castle) 

SUar; (dragon) ViatUm (fabulous 

monster) m (?) IRcparator ( . . . ) I 

while Rudder has XA. thus avoiding the difficulty by giving a very poor illus- 
tration of the first numeral. The inscription round the verge records 47. In 
Journal of the Archccological Association, 1846-7, Vol. II, pp. 146— 163, and 283 
are devoted to the antiquity of dates expressed in Arabic Numerals. From this 
we learn that the so-called Arabic numerals have not been found in inscriptions, 
iu this country, before the fifteenth century. The earliest authentic date yet 
discovered in England appears on a stone in the interior of the tower of Heath- 
field Church, Sussex, and carries us no further back than the year 1445, so that 
probably this date on the brass in Northleach Church is the earliest to be found 
in Gloucestershire, and is only two years later than that of Heathfield. 



Monumental Brasses, 51 

Criste (goose) Suarum (leaf) %\$ (branches) mfserator 

(rose and scroll work) .... [fllMUe] (an acorn between two 
oak-leaves) (UiateC (slug) x (fighting cock) SCptCItt (snail) 
monUtlientU (eagle displayed and scroll-work) [prtlltO fcat' 

ff lamen Decent 3be buc beat . . . ] (48) 

The words in square brackets are supplied from Rudder. 
At the corners were the symbols of the four evangelists, of 
which St. Matthew only remains at the upper sinister angle. 

Illustrations. — In Ly sons' Gloucestershire Antiquities, 
plate 42 is devoted to this brass. It is represented much more 
perfect than it is at present, but even then it was mutilated. 

Portions Lost. — Part of the right sleeve of Agnes, part of 
the right hand skirt of Fortey, part of the right and left hand 
skirt of Scors. The end of both lines of the inscription 
beneath Scors. The heads of both Fortey and his wife. All 
the children of Thomas Fortey. The whole of the right side 
and two portions of the left hand side of the canopy, a portion 
of the middle pinnacles, several portions of the legend round 
the verge, and three of the emblems at the corners. On 
rubbing the brasses in 1894, a * l eas t one portion was found to 
have disappeared since making a rubbing in 1883. 

Biographical Account. — "Mr. Fortey, a wealthy clothier of 
this town, and his wife are both interred in this church, in the 
Abbey before the pulpit, upon whose gravestones are inchased 
their effigies in large plates of brass. The inscriptions on the 
brass are not perfect." — Abel Wantner's Collections. 

In the marginal inscription unfortunately so imperfect he is 
described as having restored churches and roads. 

xvni.— Cbippino Gampfcen. 

William Welley, merchant, 1450, and wife Alice, chancel, 
now within altar rails. — Haines. 

Position. — On the floor in the chancel. 

Size. — 2ft. X ift. ioin., the slab measures 7ft. ioin. x 4ft 4m 

Description. — The dress of William Scors, in the last 
description (vide No. xvii. of this series) resembles that worn 
by William Welley. 

At the wrist are seen the sleeves of the under-dress, these 
sleeves are deeper than those of William Scors. The tunic is 
kept in place by a narrow belt round the waist. His hose and 



52 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

shoes are all in one piece, and it may be noticed that they are 
made right and left. His feet rest on ground from which grass 
is springing — emblem that " all flesh is grass.'" 

Alice Welley wears the veil head-dress which consisted of 
a kerchief thrown over the head, concealing the ears and falling 
in folds on the shoulders and back. She has a long flowing 
gown, with deep full sleeves, in that respect resembling her 
husband's, and like his they are narrow at the wrist, where the 
end of the sleeve is turned back, and shows the fur lining. It 
does not fit the neck closely, but the top is turned down so as to 
form a little collar. The gown is girt high by a narrow girdle. 

They are both erect with hands folded in the attitude of 
prayer, the wife being on the husband's right hand, and distant 
from him n inches. 

Inscription — They stand on a brass plate, which bears the 
following inscription : — 

1bic iacet TUlfirms Welles qo'Da m'cator isti' IDtlle qui obijt 
£10° Die Bprilis B° D'n'i CCCCUL , et Blicia vyor eius quor aiab3 
p'piciet' &e.' Hmc. 

Which may thus be translated into English : — " Here lies 
William Welley, formerly a merchant of this town, who died 
on the 15th day of April, A.D. 1450, and Alice his wife, on 
whose souls may God have mercy. Amen." 

Illustrations. — None known. 

Portions Lost. — Beneath the figures are the matrices of two 
shields. 

Memoir — The inscription records that he was a merchant, 
of Campden. 

The pedigree of the family of W r eoley or Welley is in the 
Visitation of Gloucestershire. 

xix.— OLecblaOe. 

A wool merchant and wife circa 1450, about six childien, 
and inscription lost. Perhaps the brass of John Townstnd, 
wolman, 1458. See Harl. MSS., No. 6,072, fol. 114. Haines. 

Position. — On the floor in the Nave (March, 1882). 

Size. — 3ft. 2in. x 2ft. 5m. 

Description. — The hair is close cropped and brushed back 
from the temples in a similar fashion to the reeve described 
by Chaucer in his Canterbury Tales : — 

" His heer was by his eres rounde i-shorn." 



Monumental Brasses. 



53 



His dress is like to that worn by the Campden 
merchant last described, viz., a long tunic reaching half 
way down the legs, open a little up the front, with the lappets 
turned back so as to show the fur lining. The sleeves are 
full, with narrow cum;. Round the neck the top is turned 
over to form a collar. On this brass the opening of the 
upper portion of the tunic is clearly shown, it reaches a little 
below the belt, which is plain. The lower edge of the tunic 
is not fringed with fur. The shoes and hose are formed of 
one piece, and his feet rest upon a woolsack. (50) 




#9 

Fig. 50. Feet. c. 1450. Lechdale. 

"Mr. Gough says, the figures of shoes, as worn 37 Hen. 
VI., may be seen in Leachlade church ; and that the figures 
as naturally show that the persons were woolmen as if there 
there had been inscriptions." f — Fosbrooke's Gloucestershire , 
vol. ii., p. 458. 

The wife wears a modified form of the ''horned" head- 
dress, called the "heart-shaped" headdress. The side cauls 
are unadorned and of moderate size, with their outer edges 



f Introd. Sepulch. Monum., v. i., pp. exxvi.-vii. 



54 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

elevated a little above the forehead and covering the ears, 
and over this is thrown a kerchief or veil, which covers the 
forehead and hangs down on the back and shoulders. She 
wears a long gown which completely covers the kirtle except 
at the wrists ; it is girt under the breasts by a plain narrow 
girdle, and has very deep sleeves, close and edged with fur at 
the wrists ; at the neck it is turned down so as to form a 
collar. The gown hides her feet. 

Inscription. — The following extract from the Harleian 
Manuscripts in the British Museum is referred to by Mr. 
Haines : — 

"3n Xacblaioc Gburcb in com' (Blocester. 

©rate pro bono statu Jobis Gowenseno mercatoris et 
wollman' istius ville qui obijt, 19 august, 1458." "Mo. 6,072, 
fob 114. 

Heraldry. — By the side ol the above extract is tricked 
the following coat of arms: — Sable, three woolpacks. Argent. 

Illustration. — Biglaud, vol. ii., p. 141. 

Portions Lost. — The marginal inscription, some six 
children, and four shields, one over head and one under foot 
of husband and wife respectively. 

Biographical Account. — "There is," says Atkyns, "a 
monument in the church (Lechlade) in memory of John 
Townsend, merchant and wool man. of this place, who died 
1458, and had been a good benefactor to the church and 
poor." — History of Gloucestershire, p. 280. 

The will of John Townsend is in the Prerogative Court of 
Canterbury, 24 and 25 Stokton. 

xx.-iRortbleacb. 

(John Fortey) ' wolman,' .1458, marginal inscription 
mutilated with six merchants' marks (one in private 
possession) large, Nave. — Haines. 

Position. — On a flat stone in the Nave. 

Size. — 8ft. ioin. X 4ft. iin. 

Description. — His hair is closely cut, and brushed back 
from the temples, and he is clean shaven. He wears the long 
tunic then commonly worn, extending halfway down the legs 
but without any fringe of fur. The lower portion of the tunic 
is open for a short distance up the front, and the lappets are 
turned back revealing the fur lining. The tunic is fastened at 



Monumental Brasses. 



55 



the top, and two of the buttons are seen above the hands, the 
part round the neck is turned down to form a collar, and 
shows the fur lining. The sleeves are large and full, they 
reach nearly to the hips, but are narrow at the wrists, where 
they terminate in small fur cuffs. Portions of the underdress 
appear at the wrists and neck. The waist is girt by a strap, 
which passes through a large round buckle from which the 
unused portion of the girdle depends in front, and is terminated 
by a pendant on which was probably engraven his initial, in 
this portion of the belt are three holes so that the strap might 
be loosened at the wearer's pleasure. His shoes and hose are 
not distinct, and they have long pointed toes. His right foot 
rests.on the back of a sheep, and the other on a wool-pack. (51) 
The figure is erect, with hands clasped in prayer. 




Fig 51, Feet 1458. Northleach 



56 



Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 



John Fortey is represented under a trefoil arched canopy, 
the outer foils being smaller than the central one ; all of 
them are moulded and cusped. Above is an ogee crocketted 
gable terminated by a moulded and foliated finial. The 
tympanum is filled by a circular panel (52) containing a rose 




Fig. 52. Detail and Canopy. 1458. Northleach. 

with four petals and four barbs, the spandrils being filled with 
tiefoils, as also the spandrils of the cusps. The quatrefoil 
soffit moulding of the arches is continued down the sides. 
There are four pinnacles, two rise above the intersections of 
the trefoil arch, and have plain shafts, and the remaining 
two spring from the side shafts, forming the sides of 
the canopy, and are panelled. The side shafts are buttressed 
and have moulded offsets and bases. 

At each corner of the slab, and 
in the middle of the inscription on 
the two longer sides were his marks. 
(53) This consisted of a cross 
standing on a woolpack ; from the 
upper part of the stem a streamer 
is flying, whilst the lower part is 
ornamented : the initials of John 
Fortey, 3". J\ are placed on either 
side. These are surrounded by a 
Fig. 53. Merchant's Mark. sma ll wreath formed of two ivy 
1458. Northleach. 




Monumental Brasses. 57 

stems artistically intertwined, in the interstices of which 
alternately are placed an ivy leaf and a bunch of ivy berries 
seven times repeated. 

Inscription. — Under the feet are the following Leonine 
verses : — 

IResptce qulo prooest presentfs temports evtim 
©mne quoD est ntcbil est prefer amare oeum. 

Think what the things of present life have brought to thee in store. 
Yet all is nought till thou hast sought thy Maker to adore. 

" According to Weever, Funeral Monuments, p. 748, a 
similar inscription was to be found at Long Melford, 
Suffolk." — Haines, i. p. xciv. " The inscription at Northleach 
was at the Mercer's Chapel at London, on the tomb of 
John Riche, 1469, see Weever, Fun. Mon. p. 401." Do. ii., 
P- 259- 

Round the verge was an inscription which cannot now be 
given in its entirety, the portion in brackets, taken from 
Lysons, supplies some thirteen words : — 

[ . . . . prayeth God his soule to socoure, 
and after his disese the rofe made .... 
wberfor (3oo rewaroe bim as be is all wtttE : as be bequatbe 
btm bis soule in tbe gcre of Grace jtiij bounoreo winter anD vitj 
ano fiftg : Jn tbe celesttall 

Illustrations. — Lysons' Gloucestershire Antiquities pi. 41. 
Cutts (E.L.) Scenes and Characters of the Middle Ages, p. 523 
(effigy only) p. 526, (merchants' mark.) 

Portions Lost. — The greater part of the marginal 
inscription, the finial of the gable, and portions of the flanking 
pinnacles. Some years ago a hole was clumsily knocked 
through the figure, near the right wrist, in order to fix a 
stove. ! 

Biographical Account. — "The roof of the nave was 
considerably raised at the expense of John Fortey, a wealthy 
clothier of this town [Northleach], who died in 1458, and was 
buried in the middle aile." — Rudder, p. 580. 

"John Fortey, a clothier, built the body of the church." — 
Atkyns, p. 305. 

His will was proved in the Prerogative Court of 
Canterbury, 1458, 24 and 25 Stokton. 



58 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

xxi.— Uemple Gburcb, Bristol. 

A priest in cope, on reverse a lady in mantle both engraved 
circa 1460, relaid. — Haines. 

Position. — On the chancel floor. Tne Rev. Chas. R. 
Manning, in his " List of Monumental Brasses, 1 " London, 1848, 
says of this brass, " A priest in cope, on the reverse a female 
(loose in the Vicarage kitchen) ! " 

Size. — 27m. x 8in. 

Description. — This brass is remarkable for being 
palimpsest, i.e., there is an engraving on the reverse side of 
the plate. Mr. Haines chronicles that in this case the brass 
is cut out of a larger one which had been engraved with the 
representation of a lady in a mantle. (54) Very probably as the 
dates of the two engravings are nearly identical the reverse 
side may have been inaccurately engraved or for some other 
reason never laid down. The priest is represented with 
hair long enough to cover his ears, but the tonsure is clearly 
shown. He is dressed in processional vestments, which are 
a surplice, under which the cassock is visible, the almuce 
and cope. The cassock covers the feet, and has close sleeves ; 
it formed the ordinary dress of the clergy. The surplice comes 
just below the knees, with very deep sleeves. (55) 

The figure is erect, and the hands are placed in a devotional 
attitude. When this brass was rubbed in April, 1882, it was 
fixed to a slab in the chancel floor, and consequently it was 
impossible to see the reverse side or to take a rubbing thereof. 
By the kindness of the late Mr. J. D. T. Niblett, F.S A., who 
gave me a rubbing of this brass befoie it was fixed, an illus- 
tration of the reverse side is given. (54) 

Illustration. — In Pryce's "Notes" is a sketch on p. 118 
fig. 8. 

Portions Lost. — The inscription. This brass is now so 
carefully scoured and brightened that in a few years the 
finer lines must inevitably disappear. 

Biographical Account. — It is not known what persons the 
brass on either side commemorates. 

xxii.— St. Peter's' Bristol. 

Robert Lond, chaplain 1461, with chalice and host, 
Chancel. — Haines. 




mmmi 

Fig. 54 Lady c. 1460. Temple Church, Bristol. Fig 55, Priest c. 1460, Temple Church, Bristol 



60 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

Position. — On the floor at the east end of the south aisle, 
formerly the chantry of the Blessed Mary of Belhouse. 

Size. — 2ft. 5m. x ift. 6in. 

Description — He is represented as wearing the eucharistic 
vestments, which are the amice, albe, maniple, stole, and 
chasuble ; they were put on in the above order when the priest 
robes, and a short prayer was said as each vestment was 
assumed. 

He is holding a chalice in his hands. The chalice in use in 
Robert Lond's days was a lighter and more elegant one than 
is generally seen at the present day, though copies of the old 
chalices are becoming more common. Placed erect over the 
chalice stands the host, or consecrated wafer : so that here is 
represented both the elements of the sacrament of the Lord's 
Supper. At the wrist are seen the tight-fitting cuffs of an 
under dress. His feet are shod with shoes having pointed toes. 
He is represented full-face, holding the chalice and host on his 
breast. 

Inscription. — Beneath his feet is this inscription : 

Ibfc facet /nbacust' IRob'tus !JLono Capellanus qui 1 objtt jjifjo 
bie ffebrnartj anno b'ni /iRill'mo I CGCC° Ijrcuius anime 
proptctetur oeus. amen. 

which may thus be translated — " Here lies Master Robert 
Lond, chaplain, who died on the 23rd day of February, A.D., 
1461, on whose soul may God have mercy. Amen." 

Illustration. — Pryce's Bristol, p. 203, fig. 24. Bristol and 
Gloucestershire Society Transactions vol. xv., pi. xii. p. 163. 

Portions Lost. — None. 

Biographical Account. — His name occurs in the Church- 
warden's Accounts for St. Ewen's, Bristol (1455-6) among the 
donors to the "Weel of the aforseid cros of Syluer and ouer 
Gylt." "Item of Mr. Robert Lond iiijd." 

xxiii.— iRo&marton. 

John Edward, lord and patron of the manor, lawyer, 1461. 
Chancel. — Haines. 

Position. — On the south wall of the chancel. 

Size. — 2ft. 8in. x ift. io|in. 

Description. — This is probably the only instance in 
Gloucestershire where a civilian is represented on a brass 
wearing a cap. Mr. Haines notices this peculiarity by saying 



Monumental Brasses. 



61 



"John Edward, 1461, Rodmarton, Gloucestershire, famosus 
appreuticius in lege peritus wears simply a round cap in 
addition to his ordinary habit." — Manual of Monumental 
Brasses I. xc. Mr. Gough reports that ' the cap resembles 
that of the sizars at Cambridge, or the blue-coat boys of 
Christ's Hospital, London." Sepulchral Monuments II. p. 
196, and Fosbrooke (Gloucestershire I. 384) says that this 
" sepulchral effigy is noted by Mr. Gough to have a cap like 
that of the President au Mortier (Introd. Sep Ichral Mou. i. 
p. clxiv)." In the church of Norton St. Philip, Somersetshire, 
is a stone effigy surmounted by a similar cap. This cap seems 
to be made of some soft material such as velvet, with a band 
round the lower edge. Probably it was the cap or coif worn 
by serjeants-at-law. (56) 

No hair is visible and he is clean shaven. The gown is 
very similar to the gowns de- 
scribed in Nos. xvii to xx, of this 
series. It reaches nearly to the 
ankles, and is slit up in front for a 
short distance, thus showing the 
fur lining. The fur edging is seen 
round the skirt, at the neck and 
wrists. The sleeves are moderate- 
ly full and of uniform breadth Mr. 
Gough terms it "a serjeant-at- 
laws' gown." (II p. 196.) The 
girdle is plain and shows no 
fastening, and is lower than on 
the other brasses before described 
(Nos. xvii to xx). Beneath is 
seen "the little standing cape of 
the coat" (Gough), and the 

Fig 56. Head, 1461. Rodmarton. \ sleeves of the same at the wrist. 

No distinction is shown between the shoes and hose, and the 

toes are pointed : the feet are represented on a grassy sod. 

The figure is full face, and eredt with hands raised in prayer. 

Inscription.— Beneath the feet is the following inscription :- 

1bic tacetjob'es jE&war&qu'fc'miD'n's dfcanerij &e TRoDmarton 
I S, verus patronus eiusDem ffamosus apprentici' in lege p'itus 
qui I obijt viij° Me Januarij B° D'tt'l /lfc CCCC° ljj° cut' ale 
ppicietur DC ame. 




62 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

which may be thus translated : — 

" Here lies John Edward, formerly lord of the manor of 
Rodmarton, and a true patron of the same, a famous apprentice 
skilled in law, who died on Jan. 8. A.D., 1441 : on whose soul 
may God have pity. Amen ! " 

Illustrations. — Grose's Antiquities of England and Wales, 
vol. i., pi. viii, fig. 2. Gough, vol. II., pi. lxxv., p. 305; 
Lvsons' Gloucestershire Antiquities, pi. 11. 

Portions Lost. — This brass is in very good condition, a 
small portion of the cap (the right-hand corner) only being lost. 

Biographical Account. — " William Fitzwarren, a family 
seated at Woodmancote, in Dursley, of whom very little is 
known in the county notices, passed the manor and advowson 
(of Rodmarton) by fine 19 Henry VI. to Sir Ralph Boteler 
and John Edwards, and his heirs, which John dying seized in 

1461 of this manor and Torleton, left Margaret only daughter 
and heir, wife of Thomas Whittington, by whom she had only 
another daughter and heir, wife of William Wye, who left a 
memorial of his possessions by placing his arms in the North 
Isle." — Fosbrooke's Gloucestershire, i., 384. 

In Bigland's Continuation, s. v. Rodmarton, may be read : 
" 1446 John Edward presented to the Rectory ; and 1468, he 
died Lord of the Manor." 

This brass was originally on a ledger stone of grey marble 
in the chancel, and Rudder records that on the same stone was 
another brass plate with the following inscription : — 

"1bic jacet Stepbanns Collier, a./lft., nuper bujns Bcclesicc 
IRector. ©but oecimo oie mensis Bugusti anno 2>omini 1772, 
annocjue oetatis suoe 79." 

In English thus, " Here lies Stephen Collier, M.A. late 
Rector of this Church. He died on the 10th of August, A.D. 
1722, and in the 79th year of his age." 

xxiv.— Cirencester. 

Wm. Prelatte, Esq., a very special benefactor to the chapel 
of Holy Trinity, and two wives Agnes, and Joan. — Haines. 

Position. — On the floor in the Trinity Chapel. 

Size. — 3ft. 5m. X 3ft. 2in. 

Description. — "Close to Robert Pagge's monument is the 
valuable brass of William Prelatte, and his two wives : dated 

1462 (2 Ed. IV.), and the costume may well be compared with 



Monumental Brasses. 



63 



that of Richard Dixton, [vide No. xii] which is only a quarter 
of a century earlier. The variations in the dress will fully 
repay careful study." 

Prelatte wears a helmet of the kind termed salaries 
(Germ. Schale, a ' shell ' or ' bowl') ; the salade was originally 
a close-fitting helmet which protected the sides of the face and 
the back of the head ; in this instance it is cupola-shaped. The 
visor is raised, and the face is destitute of beard or moustache. 
His neck is protected by a haussecol of mail, and his armpits 
also by gussets of mail, — the one at the right armpit is very 
clearly shown ; from this we learn that the use of mail armour 
which had been discontinued for a time again came into fashion. 
On his breast immediately above his finger he wears a " sun " 
which the Rev. W. E. Hadow says is " the emblem of the 
House of York." The system of reinforcing or strengthening 
the armour by secondary plates is well shown on this brass. 
The shoulders are protected by pauldrons, the left one being 
crested and larger than the right one. The elbow-pieces or 
coudieres are fanshaped and beginning to take the extrava- 
gant size which afterwards was so much in vogue. The 
mode of fastening the coudiere of the right arm is distinctly 

visible : (57) a staple from the 
under armour comes through the 
coudiere and by means of a spring- 
pin, which is thrust through the 
staple, this extra defence was 
fixed. The skirt of five taces is 
plain and to the last tace are 
fastened two tuiles, which are 
large, scalloped and five-pointed, 
and between which a baguette of 
mail is seen. Gauntlets, very 
much resembling a tortoise-shell cover the back of the hands, 
the fingers are bare. The genouillieres are large with plates 
behind them the legs are protected by the usual plate armour, 
The sollerets are laminated throughout and the rowelled spurs 
have no strap beneath the feet : the spurs are " guarded by a 
thin plate of steel over the rowells to prevent their entangling 
or penetrating deep." — Haines, i. clxxxviii. The sword has a 
circular pommel with a fringe and an adorned hilt ; the sword 
hangs diagonally in front of him suspended from a belt of which 




Fig. 58. 



Defence of Arm, 11462. 
Cirencester. 



64 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

the ornamental buckle is shown. On his right side is fastened 
a misericorde. He stands on a ground on which, between his 
feet is a plant bearing three conventional flowers. The husband 
is placed between his two wives and all three have their hands 
placed in the attitude of prayer. The two wives wear the 
horned head-dress — a peculiar costume long in high favour 
with the ladies, in spite of the severe censures launched against 
it both by the clergy and the laymen — the hair being visible 
beneath. They are clad in long kirtles, with high waists, the 
sleeves and collars, which open and lie back leaving the neck 
bare, are guarded with fur. One wife wears a ribbon with a 
sun like her husband ; the second one wears a cross in lieu of 
the sun. At the feet of each wife lies a little dog with a collar 
of bells. 

Inscription. — The inscription is thus worded : — 

1blc sepeliuntur TlCUllius iprelatte Hrmtqer specfalissim' 
benefactor but* Capellc Hcjnes nup' uror 3obannis /Ifoartgn et 
Jobana | filia et bercs IRicaroi oe GobEnoon [IRelict] a Jobann is 
^w^ii^bo oe Cagforoe in comitatu Som's Brmigeri urorcs ipius | 
TUMli qui quioe Willius iprelatte obi [t in] viqilia Bscencionis 
o'nice jjvj° oie maij anno O'nt flh° CCCC" %%i]° quor' p'piciet' Oe' %■ 

The inscription in English reads thus : — "Here are buried 
William Prelatte, Esquire, a most special benefactor of this 
chapel, Agnes late the wife of John Martyn, and Joan, daughter 
and heiress of Richard de Cobyndon and the widow of John 
Twynho of Cayforde in the county of Somerset, Esq, wives of 
the above William ; which William died on the eve of the 
Ascension of our Lord, the 26 May, A.D. 1462, on whom may 
God have mercy. — Amen." 

Heraldry. — In the extract from Lysons' are given his arms : 
but in the west window of the nave occurs a shield : — Argent, 
an escallop gules, impaled with azure, a chevron gules, 
diffierenced with a crescent, for Prelatte and his second wife 
Joan the heiress of William Cobyndon. 

Illustration : — " The Brass of William Prelatte and his two 
wives engraved is in Lysons' Glouceste> shire Antiquities, pi. 16. 
where the inscription is not correctly given, either in the letter- 
press or on the engraving ; in both aibus is inserted, which word 
is omitted in the inscription — simply because there was not room 
for it and in the former, after heres is ommitted Ricardi de 
Cobyndon relicta. The arms of their two husbands Prelatte 
and Twynyhow, are in the spandrels of the east window of 
Bagendon Church." — Rev. W. E. Hadow. 



Monumental Brasses. 



65 



Portions Lost. — Five shields, one over each figure and two 
below the inscription. 

Biographical Account. — The inscription relates that he was 
a very special benefactor to the Chapel of Holy Trinity. " A 
part of Wm. Prelatte's benefaction to this chapel appears to 
have been a painting representing the martyrdom of St. 
Erasmus, discovered a few years ago on the north wall, since 
his arms — argent, a chevron gules, charged with a crescent, are 
represented under it. * This William Prelatte appears to have 
been in the service of Richard Duke of York, the father of King 
Edward IV., by a letter from him preserved among the MSS. 




Fig. 59. Feet. 1462, Cirencester. 

at Holm Lacy, directed ' to oure trusty and well-beloved 
squier and Servant William Prelat, oure Recever and Feodier 
in Gloucestershire,' which accounts for the figure of the Duke 
having been placed in the east window, and his cognizance 

* In the Archceologia vol. xv. p. 405 are a sketch and description of this 
painting, by Mr, Samuel Lysons. 



66 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

(the falcon and fetterlock) being carved in several parts of this 
chapel, as it does not appear that the duke himself had 
any connection with Cirencester." — Lysons's Gloucestershire 
Antiquities. 

He was an executor of Richard Dixton's will (vide No. xi), 
and receiver-general of the Gloucestershire estates of Richard 
Duke of York. His house was in Laurens St., i.e, Gloucester 
St. (Register of Lady Chapel, f 19. a.) 

xxv.— Cbipping Cat^en. 

John Lethenard, merchant, 1467, and wife Joan. Nave. — 
Haines. 

Position. — On a flat stone in the nave, a portion being 
under a movable platform. (Feb., 1882.) 

Size. — 3ft. 3in. x 2ft. 5m. 

Description. — John Lethenard has his hair cropped across 
the temples and above the ears ; he is also clean shaven. He 
wears the ordinary civilian's gown characteristic of the period, 
edged with fur, and slightly open at the lower part of the skirt. 
The sleeves are full, but close at the wrists where the fur 
lining is exposed. The upper portion of the gown is turned 
down, showing the fur lining and reaching down the front, till 
hidden by the hands. At the wrists and neck portions of the 
underdress are visible. The waist is confined by a narrow 
plain belt. The shoes are distinct from the hose, and the 
fastening at the side is shown. Between the feet are three 
sprays of trefoils. (60) 

Joan Lethenard wears a modified form of the horned 
headdress, of which a description is given in No. XIX. Her 
gown is long and flowing, covering her feet ; it has a v-shaped 
opening, which extends below the girdle, and is edged with 
fur. The sleeves are close, and of uniform breadth, with large 
cuffs lined with fur. It is very short-waisted, the girdle used 
being plain and narrow. (60) 

They are both represented erect, and in a devotional 
attitude, the wife being on her husband's left hand. 

Inscription. — The figures stand on a plate of brass, on 
which is engraved the following inscription : — 

1btc lacent 3obes 3Letbenaro quondam /nvcator isti' ville q. 
... I anno o'nf Atll'mo flCCC° l$vij° et $ob'na vjor elite 
quor' . . . 




Fig. 60 John Lethenard and wife Joan. 1467, Chipping Campden. 



68 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

In English thus — " Here lie John Lethenard, formerly 
merchant of this town (who died) in the year of our Lord 
1467, and Joan his wife, on whose (souls may God have 
mercy. Amen.") 

Illustrations. — None known. 

Portions Lost. — Part of the inscription, 

Biographical Account. — Unknown. 

xxvi.— Cirencester. 

William Notyngham, 1427 (head gone), and wife Cristina, 
1434, engraved circa 1470. South aisle. — Haines. 

Position. — On the floor in the Lady Chapel. 

Size. — 2ft. 5in. x 2ft. 4m., not including the shieid of arms. 

Description. — " The earliest dated brass in Cirencester 
Church is in the Lady Chapel. It is that to the memory of 
William Nottingham and his wife. . . . Next to the brass 
o,f the wine merchant and his vvife ;: comes the brass of W. 
Nottingham, which, as I before stated, is the earliest 
brass in the church ; it bears the following inscription : — 
©rate pro a't'abus Knill'i Wotgngbam et Crtstine vjorts eius 
qui qutOem TKatll'mue obiit iiT oie mensts IRouembrts Bnno 
O'ni AbtU'mo CCGC° jjvij" jEt preOtct' Cbristma obtit iiij u oie 
Sulij B° o'ni /nb CCCG u otU° q°c ai'abs, p'piciet' oeus -amen. 
"This fixes the dates at the 5th and 12th years of Henry VJ. 
The effigy of the man who is headless, is clothed in the usual 
civilian's gown of the period with a rosary on the right hand 
side of the belt, the end of which is visible. The female 
figure wears the ' horned ' or ' mitred ' headdress, but no hair 
is visible beneath ; the kirtle is long and flowing to the feet ; 
the sleeves are tight, and no cincture is visible at the waist. 
The collar is remarkable as coming down in a loop to the 
waist." — Rev. W. E. Hadow, M.A. 

They are represented full-face with hands in the attitude 
of prayer, the husband having his wife on his left hand. 

The style of engraving is very much later than the date on 
the brass and as appears above. Haines assigns it to the 
period 1470. It is of course possible that Sir William 
Nottingham a baron of the Exchequer may have placed this 
memorial to his father. 

* Vide No. V. of this series. 



Monumental Brasses. 69 

Inscription. — The above inscription may be translated 
thus : — "Pray for the souls of William Notyngham and of his 
wife Christiana, which William died on the 21st of November, 
A.D., 1427, and the aforesaid Christiana died on the 4th July, 
AD., 1433. On whose souls may God have mercy. Amen." 

Illustrations. — None known. 

Portions Lost. — The head of the husband, and a shield of 
arms between the husband and wife. 

Biographical Account. — In Atkyns's Gloucestershire it is 
recorded that "there is an inscription, upon a marble stone, 
in the south aisle for Sir William Nottingham, and his wife. 
He died 1427," and in his account of the chantries, Sec, he 
says, " the office of St. Thomas the Martyr, founded by Sir 
William Nottingham, baron of the Exchequer, whereof 
Thomas Neal was the last chaplain.'' It would seem that 
Atkyns' has confused the two William Nottingham's. 

Rev. E. A. Fuller records that this William Nottingham 
was a clothier and father of Sir William Nottingham. He 
quotes this extract from Sir William's will : — " to the support 
and maintenance of one priest which shall be fit and which 
shall say Divine prayer in the said church of Saint John, at 
the altar of St. Thomas the Martyr, where the bodies of 
William Nottingham and Christine his wife, my parents, were 
buried." 

xxvii.— Bristol, St. flfcar£ IReocliffc 

Philip Mede, Esq., 1475 (?) in tabard and two wives, one 
in heraldic mantle, with demi-figure of our Saviour (?), 
inscription lost, quadrangular plate, mural North Aisle. — 
Haines. 

Position.— Affixed to the north wall under a canopy. 

Size. — 22^ in. x i8f in. 

Description. — His helmet lies on the ground in front of 
him. His head is uncovered, and his hair is long and flowing. 
Over his armour he wears a tabard or suicoat. The 
tabard is slit at the sides and portions of the armour are to be 
seen beneath. Round his neck is a standard of mail. The 
arms are protected by pieces of plate armour whilst the hands 
are bare. To the skirt of taces are fastened large tuiles. 
The legs are encased in armour, the tying of the genouillieres 



yo Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 




Fig. 61. Philip Mede and his two wives. 1475, Bristol, St. Mary Redcliff. 



Monumental Brasses. 71 

being most plainly shown ; on the feet are large sollerets or 
sabbatons. 

Both the ladies wear the kennel head-dress and the long 
flowing robe cut low at the neck ; the lady to the left of the 
husband wears a heraldic mantle. Her gown is confined by a 
girdle fastened in front, with an ornamental pendant at the end. 
The other lady wears no adornment nor mantle, and so her 
dress is seen to fit tightly to the body, the sleeves being close 
fitting with deep cuffs. 

From the husband's hands proceed a label '5'C8 tritUtHS 
Ym' &e' miserere nObtS', ' Holy Trinity, one God pity us,' 
and from the hands of the lady in the heraldic cloak is 'patei* 

oe celis oeus miserere nobis,' *o God the Father of 

Heaven pity us.' All the figures are kneeling ; the tips of the 
fingers of the husband and the wife behind him are merely 
touching ; the lady in the heraldic mantle is holding up her 
hands in supplication. The husband is turned a little to the 
left to face the lady in the mantle, who is turned a little to her 
right ; the lady behind the husband is turned a little to her left. 
The background is plain. 

At the top of the brass is a demi-figure representing our 
Saviour in a blaze of light and his head surrounded by a 
nimbus. He is holding his hands in the attitude of blessing. 

Inscription. — Lost. 

Heraldry. — His surcoat is charged with the following 
armorial bearings : — Sable, a chevron ermine, between three 
trefoils slipt argent ; these bearings are shown twice, — on the 
breast and skirt, and on the right arm, — the left side is not 
visible. 

The mantle of his first wife bears the following arms : 
. two lions rampant. . . . She has a necklace with 
an ornament hanging in front. 

In the British Museum is an example of his seal as Mayor 
of Bristol. It is thus described : 

4696 [A.D. 1459] Red. (Add Charters 26,474) 

Ob. — On the left a view of Bristol castle, with three storeys 
of embattled masonry, on one of the corner towers a watchman, 
half-length to the left, blowing a horn, on the battlements 
a flag charged with a cross, on another turret another 
watchman blowing a horn. The secret quay is open and a 
ship is sailing out from behind the castle, with high forecastle 



72 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

and flag of the Royal Arms of England, as used by Edward 

III., viz. quarterly i and 4, and semy-de-lis, for France ; 2, 3, 

England. In the field over the forecastle the initial letter B. 

SIGILL' MAIORITATIS VILLE. BRISTOLLIE. 

R. — A small round signet, fin. from a chased ring. 
An eagle rising with expanded wings, cf. crest of MEADE, an 
eagle displayed with two heads between two indistinct 
initial letters in black letter. 

Illustration. — Bristol : Past and Present, vol 2 p. 208. 

Portions Lost. — The inscription. 

Biographical Account. — " Philip Mede was at the battle of 
Nibley Green. He was present at " the unduly summoned" 
parliament held at Coventry which attainted the Duke of York 
and his friends. 

" The first name of the wife of Philip Mede is all that 
Barrett mentions, and we, therefore, only know that it was 
Isabel, and that their son John lies with them. Isabel* their 
daughter, married the fifth Maurice, Lord Berkeley,! who was 
disinherited by his brother, William, Marquis of Berkeley, 
because he had married the daughter of a Bristol merchant 
whose parentage was not considered sufficiently honourable for 
an alliance with a Berkeley ! The will of Philip Mede was 
proved January nth, 1471, in which he directs his body to be 
interred at the altar of St. Stephen, in the church of St. Mary 
Redcliffe, to which he was a benefactor. He served the office 
of Bailiff in 1444; Sheriff in 1454; Mayor in 1458, 1461, and 
1468 ; and was returned Member of Parliament for Bristol in 
1460, and which met both at Coventry and Westminster."— 
Pryce, pp. 187, 188, 189. 

Philip Mede was the son of Thomas, son of Thomas, 
decended from the Meads of Mead-place in Feyland, in 
Wraxall, co. Somerset'. — Smyth's Lives of the Berkeleys,p. 165. 

His will is in the Great Book of the Wills, and proved 
Mar. 1476. It is also in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury 
21 Wattys. His inquisition post mortem shows that he had 
lands in Faryeland alias Feylond, Wraxhall, Rolleston, 
Bedmyster, Somerset. 

*A full account of the ceremonial of this lady's funeral will be found in 
Smyth's Lives 0/ the Berkeleys, pp. 166, 167. 

fBorn at Berkeley 1435, married at 30 years of age, died 22 Hen. VII., anno 
1506. They had four children. 



Monumental Brasses. 73 

xxviii.— Bristol, St. Sobn. 

Thomas Rowley, merchant and sheriff, deceased 1478, and 
wife Margaret, under moveable floor, Nave. — Haines. 

Position. — On the floor in the centre of the Nave. 

Size.— 3ft. iin. X 2ft. 4m. 

Description. — The hair is combed over the forehead, but 
shewing the ears, and he is clean shaven. His mantle is 
fastened at the right shoulder and falls over the left arm ; the 
lining is edged with fur. The mantle was worn at that period 
as a distinctive garment of civic functionaries. The collar of 
the tunic is seen above the mantle ; the tunic reaches to the 
ankles, the lower edge has a fur border. 
The sleeves are moderately full with 
narrow fur cuffs, beneath them are the 
tight fitting sleeves of an under-dress. 
The tunic is kept in place by a plain 
narrow belt, which is buckled on the left 
side. From this girdle hangs a gypciere 
or pouch and a rosary, (62) both on the 
right side. When Chaucer described Fig. 62. Purse and Beads, 
a " Franklein " he said that a H78. Bristol St. John. 

" Gypser al of silk 

Heng at his gerdul, whit as morne mylk." 

The gypciere was worn by women as well as by men, for 
when Chaucer described the carpenter's wife he says : — 
And by hire girdel hung a purse of lether 
Tasseled with silk and perled with latoun. 

The gypciere served as an external purse, and was worn 
much earlier, but rarely seen on effigies before the time of 
Edward IV. The anelace which figured so conspicuously on 
earlier brasses is now superseded by the rosary. " This was a 
chaplet composed of various numbers of beads strung loosely 
on a cord or thread." — Haines, i. cciii. n. 

The shoes are long with pointed toes and fastened across 
the instep, and on the ground between the feet is a trefo 1. 

Margaret Rowley wears a variety of the horned head-dress 
called the heart-shaped. Her gown covers her feet and is girt 
high by a broad girdle. The gown has a v-shaped opening 
from the shoulders below the girdle with a border of fur at the 
edges ; the sleeves are close, of uniform breadth throughout 




74 



Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 




and have deep cuffs lined with fur and turned back. The 
kirtle is seen at the neck and wrists. From Thomas is a 
label with the inscription SC'a /IDaria Ota pro ltOblS ("Holy 
Mary pray for us "). And from Margaret proceeds a label with 

the words Sc'a ZTrinttas vn' QC' 

miser' 110b ("Holy Trinity one 
God, pity us "). Both are erect, 
with hands folded, the wife being on her 
husband's left. Above each figure is 
a shield containing his merchant's 
mark : — a Maltese cross with a streamer 
from its summit, the cross bar seems 
to be the Arabic numeral 2 and on 
Merchant's Mark, the lower part of the stem are " T.R., " 
his initials. (63) 

inscription beneath the figure is : — 
Ibfc iacet Gbonias IRowlep quoo'm m'cator ac Dicecome, buius 
vtlle periston, et qui quio'm | Gbomas obitt ijtij° bie mese 
Sanuarti anno o'ni /lIMlllo <JCCC° il£vuij° Bt /Ifoarcjareta I vjor ei 
que obtjt bie mese. a° t>m /nycCCG lj£ quo3 animabs 
P'ptcter Deame. 

In English thus — '" Here lies Thomas Rowley, sometime 
v^ I a merchant and sheriff of this town of Bristol, 

&£k who died on the 23rd January, 1478, together 

B with Margaret his wife, who died 1470. To 

JHL^^Bfc whose souls may God be merciful. Amen." 
W H&. , Heraldry. — Between the figures is a 

^^^^^ / shield (64) charged with a • roe" ( Haines) 
\Mm J £/ possibly a canting coat of arms. ' The 
arms of Thomas Rowdey seem to be a 
Hait-proper on a field sanguine." — 
Pryce, p. 96. 



Fig. 63. 

1478, Bristol, St. John. 

Inscription. — The 



Fig. 64. Shield, 1478, 
Bristol, St. John. 



Illustration. — Pryce, p. 96. 

Portions Lost. — None. 

Biographical Account. — '• Much difference of opinion has 
obtained as to this Thomas Rowley. It is known that he 
founded a chauntry in this church, and it is recorded that he 
was one of the bailiffs of the city in the year 1466, and sheriff 
in 1475."— Pryce, p. 98. 

•'Thomas Rowley was appointed executor to the will of his 
son, William Rowley, burgess of Bristol, 25th November, 



Monumental Brasses. 75 

1478, but died before the will was proved ; 18th March, 1478, 
old style, was the date of probate." — Rev. T. P. WadUy, M.A. 
His will was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 
36 Wattys. There is extant a view of Bristol Castle as it 
appeared in 1440, with this name in the corner "T. Rowleie 
Canonicus delin, 1440." 

xxix.— Cirencester. 

Ralph Parsons, 1478, with chalice and host, much worn. — 
Haines. 

Position. — On the floor at the east end of the Trinity 
Chapel. 

Size. — 3ft. 3m. by ift. s¥ m - 

Description. — w In Trinity Chapel also is the brass of an 
ecclesiastic, vested in alb, stole, amice, chasuble, and maniple; 
and valuable as having the chalice and host in the hands." 

Inscription. — The inscription is : — 

"©rate pro anima oni IRaoulpbi parsons quondam capellani 
p'pctue cantarie S'te ftrinitatis in bac cc'lia funoate qui obiit 
ll*i£ oie Bugusti B° o'ni /lfcGCCC° Iiiviij cuj a'i'e p'picicr oeus. 
amen." 

The inscription reads thus in English : — " Pray for the soul 
of Sir Ralph Parsons, formerly chaplain of the perpetual 
chantry of the Holy Trinity founded in this church, who died 
on the 29th day of August A.D. 1478, on whose soul may God 
have mercy. Amen." 

From the mouth proceeds a circular label, but the lettering 
is indistinct. 

Illustration. — None known. 

Portions Lost. — A shield above the head, a portion of the 
scroll issuing from the mouth, and a part of the surname has 
been chipped out. The whole brass is much worn. 

Biographical Account. — From the inscription we learn that 
Ralph Parsons was a chaplain of the Chantry of Holy 
Trinity in Cirencester Church. It appears that he bequeathed 
to the church his cope, which was afterwards altered into a 
pulpit cloth. It has been thus described:- — "The cope was 
cut into long strips and sewed up into its present shape. It is 
made of blue velvet with a wide border, which is now quite 
faded, but was perhaps purple. Both the middle and border 
are covered with spangles and embroidered with cherubim 



7 6 



Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 



standing on stars of Bethlehem with pine apples in gold and 
colours. The border at the upper part seems meant to be 
worn round the neck, as the pine apples are inverted. One of 
the cherubim holds a shield of armorial bearings : — Argent 
on a chevron sable, three roses or, under which is a scroll with 
the words Orate pro anima domitri Radnlphi Parsons. Under 
the other cherubim are the words Gloria tibi Trinitas ; over the 
pine apples on the border are the words Da gloriam Deo. ''' 
Rev. E. A. Fuller says that " Part of the embroidery is the 
six-winged seraphim of Ezekiel's vision, which appear also on 
the outside of the Great South Door, and in the remains of 
ancient glass in the Trinity Chapel and the Garstany Chapel." 



xxx.-JBristol, St. /IDars 1Re£>cliff. 

John Jay, and wife Joan, circa 1480, with 6 sons and 8 
daughters, canopy and shields. — Haines. 

Position. — On a ledger-stone on the south side of the 
Chancel. 

Size. — 7ft. gin. x 2ft. gin. 

Description. — His hair is worn over his ears, and covers 
the forehead, reaching nearly to the eyebrows : he is clean 
shaven. His tunic reaches to his feet, and is edged with fur. 
It is slightly open up the front and reveals 
the fur lining. It is cut square at the 
neck, and here appears a small portion of 
the collar o' his under-dress, as also the 
manner in which it was fastened by means 
of a lace passing through holes, of which 
two are visible. The sleeves are ample and 
of uniform breadth, they are turned back at 
the wrists and form moderately deep cuffs. 
Beneath them are seen the tightly fitting 
sleeves of an under-dress. The tunic is 
Purse and confined at the waist by a very narrow 
girdle, from which hang a purse and a rosary. 
(65) John Jay's shoes have pointed toes. 
Joan Jay is dressed in the usual long close-fitting gown 
covering the feet, and confined at the waist by a narrow and 
ornamental girdle. Above the girdle the gown is thrown 
back nearly to the shoulders, and has a border of fur at the 




Fig. 65. 

Beads c. 1480 

Bristol St. Mary 

Redcliff. 



Monumental Brasses. 



77 




Fig. 66. Dau. c. 
1480. Bristol St. 
Mary Redcliff. 



edges of the v-shaped opening, and beneath the kirtle is 
visible fitting up to the neck. The sleeves are narrower than 
those of her husband's tunic, of uniform breadth with much 
deeper fur cuffs, and at the wrists are seen the sleeves of her 
kirtle. On her head is a variety of the horned 
headdress. 

Beneath the husband are six sons dressed 
in long plain tunics, with stand-up collars, 
but their hair is long, especially in the first two, 
where it reaches their shoulders. These two 
are taller than the rest. Under the wife are 
eight daughters, dressed in gowns which do not 
cover the feet : the gowns are made after the 
fashion of their mother's with the wide v-shaped 
opening in front. Nos. 3, 6 and 8 have long 
hair and caps somewhat similar to the 
fashionable 'mob' caps (66) they are also 
shorter than the others. The remaining 5 
wear the butterfly headdress. 

The figures lie under a double canopy, with oval cusped 
heads and crocketted ogee gables, with a foliated finial. The 
pediments are filled in variously, (67) and 
the groining is shewn ; there is a soffit 
moulding of quatrefoils. On either side 
and between the canopies rise panelled 
pinnacles set on diagonally and terminated 
in crocketted finials ; the outer pinnacles 
are continued down by the side of the 
figures, and the centre one terminates in a 
pendant. 
There are four 
shields, one above the 
husband between the 
gable and the outer 
pinnacle ; the same is 
repeated below the 
daughters. Mr. Haines 
suggests that it is 

charged with a fuller's Fig " 6g ' Merchant's Mark 
Fig « Shieidc. I4 8o, bat. (68) Another * ^ ££&*• Mary 

Bristol St. Mary ,..} .' Kedclirt. 

Redcliff. shield is above the wife, between the 




Fig. 67, Rose. c. 1 
Bristol St. Mary Redcliff. 





78 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries 

gable and the outer pinnacle ; the same is repeated below the 
sons. This shield contains a merchant's mark, (69) which 
consists of a cross with two short legs and a streamer flying 
from the shaft. At the bottom of the shaft extends a cross 
each way horizontally : the legs and crosses pass through a 
small circle, of which the end of the shaft forms the centre 

John and Joan Jay are represented erect and full-face, the 
wife being on her husband's left hand : the sons are erect and 
turned half a turn to the left and the daughters are also 
turned half a turn to the right. 

Inscription. — The effigies are standing on a band of brass 
which bears this inscription : — 

1bic iacent 3obes 3av> (SUtonfcam Dfcecomes ietius ville et 
3obanna x>£ ei' q' quifcem 3obe | obljt — Die mense — a°£)'ni 
/nVCCCG ljj£° — CSUtot'aTab3 P'piciet' fce' ante' 

Which reads thus in English, " Here lie John Jay, 
formerly sheriff of this town, and Joan his wife, which John 

died on the day of the month of A.D. 148 — . On 

whose souls may God have mercy. Amen." 

Illustrations. — Bristol, past and present, vol. 2, p. 208. 
Journal of Archaeological Association, vol. ii, p. 115 (Mark). 

Portions Lost. — None. 

biographical Account. — The will of a John Jaye is in the 
Prerogative Court of Canterbury under date 1468, 23 Godyn ; 
and it occurs in the Great Orphan Book, and Book of Wills. 
He had a wife Joan and desired to be buried in the choir of St. 
Mary of Redcliff, Bristol. His brother John Jaye to be 
executor, and this most probably is the person here com- 
memorated. This Joan was sister to William Wyrcestre, the 
fifteenth century topographer and antiquary. The will of a 
Joan Jaye is to be seen in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 
29 Dogett. — 1492 John Jay was sheriff in 1472. 

The following is extracted from Harper's Magazine vol. 25, 
1893, pp. 436-7. "Other rich merchants might be instanced 
were it necessary to enlarge on the prosperity of Bristol such 
as May, Young, and Spelly, the builder of the chapel on the 
bridge, but we have only space to speak of John Jay, who in 
1480, sent out two ships under the command of the most 
scientific mariner in England, one Thlyde, or Lloyd, in search 
of the much-talked-of Isle of Brazil supposed to lie to the west 
of Ireland. This is the first recorded expedition from England 




Fig. 70. Priest c. 1480, Cirencester. 



Monumental Brasses. 81 

to discover America, and it was followed by numerous others 
but until the year 1497 none of these voyages was continued 
sufficiently far to be crowned with success. The connection 
with America thus begun has continued to the present day." 

xxxi.— Cirencester. 

A priest, circa 1480, in cassock, small, inscription lost, 
south aisle. — Haines. 

Position. — On the floor in the Lady Chapel. 

Size. — 2ft. 4in. by ift. 3^in. 

Description. — " In the Lady Chapel there is another 
ecclesiastical figure clad only in a cassock, valuable on account 
of its rarity. The fragments of inscription at the foot have no 
relation to the figure." — Rev. W . E. Hadow, M.A. 

The cassock was generally worn as an undergarment but 
here the priest is represented in it as his ordinary dress. 
There is another example of a priest habited only in a cassock 
on the brass commemorating Thos. Awmarle, c. 1400, 
Cardynham Cornwall. 

The cassock formed a portion of the processional or 
canonical attire, and as such is seen on the brass in Temple 
Church, Bristol. In the west window of Cirencester Abbey is 
represented an ecclesiastic with a red cassock. 

The hair is worn long enough to cover half of the ears and 
the tonsure is clearly shown ( The shoes have pointed toes. 
Beneath the feet is the word SUOI'UIU, which could not have 
formed a portion of the inscription. The figure is erect with 
hands in a devotional attitude. (70) 

Illustration. — Haines i. p. lxxvii. 

Portions Lost. — A circular label issuing from the mouth, 
and the inscription beneath the feet. 

xxxii.— Cirencester. 

A civilian and wife in mantle, circa 1480, worn, another 
wife, inscription and children lost. South aisle. — Haines. 

Position. — On the floor in the Lady Chapel. 

Size. — The portion that is left measures 3ft. X 2ft. iin. 

Description. — "In this same chapel (Lady Chapel) are the 
brasses of a merchant and his wife, which have been much 
injured. They lie close to the north wall. The male figure is 
dressed in a long gown, descending to the feet, bound round 



82 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries 

the waist by a girdle, which falls down the front of the figure, 
and supporting on the right side a rosary, the sleeves are loose 
at the wrist, showing the sleeves of the under tunic. The 
female figure wears a kirtle, falling in folds over the feet, 
surmounted by a robe with a standing collar, fastened at the 
throat; the head is covered with acoverchief falling behind the 
figure. There is no name or inscription of any kind, nor 
trace of any, but the brass is most probably late in the 14th 
century or early in the 15th century." — Rev. W . E. Hadotv, 
M.A. 

Illustration. — None known. 

Portions Lost. — One wife, some children, and the 
inscription; the husband has lost the upper half of his head. 

xxxiil— cbtpptna Campfcen. 

William Gybbys, 1484, and wives Alice, Margaret, Marion, 
with seven sons and six daughters. Nave. — Haines. Atkyns 
incorrectly gives the name as Dobbins. 

Position. — On a ledger-stone in the centre of the nave. 
The effigies of the husband and one wife are under a movable 
platform. 

Size. — 4ft. 5in. x 3ft. 

Description. — William Gybbys wears his hair long but 
brushed back behind the ears, it presents an arched appearance 
across the forehead, and he is clean shaven. His tunic is long 
and reaches to his ankles, it has a tight-fitting collar at the 
neck, above which is seen the collar of an under-dress 
fastened in the same manner as that of No. XXX. The 
sleeves are full and of uniform breadth, at the wrists they are 
turned back and form slight fur cuffs, beneath which the 
sleeves of an underdress are visible. The gown is confined by 
a girdle, of which the hanging portion is seen on his left side ; 
from it on the right side hangs a rosary, to the cwo ends of 
which are fastened two tassels, on the string are twelve beads 
equally divided. The shoes are long, with pointed toes, and 
fastened across the instep. Between the feet is represented a 
conventional plant of seven leaves. 

The three wives all wear the modified form of the horned 
headdress, termed heart-shaped. Each lady wears a long 
gown, which falls in graceful folds, hiding the feet; it has a 



Monumental Brasses. 83 

turn-over collar, v-shaped, of fur or velvet, terminating below 
the girdle in a point, and thrown back nearly to the shoulders, 
revealing an under-vest or stomacher of a different colour. 
The sleeves are full and of uniform breadth, but not so ample 
as those of the husband, while the cuffs are very much deeper. 
The gown is girt high by a plain cincture. 

All four are represented erect, full-face with hands in the 
attitude of prayer 

Beneath the figures are two groups of children, on the 
right hand corner seven sons with long hair and tunics like 
their father, on the left hand corner six daughters in butterfly 
headdresses. The figures are too much worn to distinguish 
their dresses, which, however, hide the feet. The sons are 
turned to their left to face the daughters, who are turned to 
their right. 

Inscription. — The figures stand on a fillet of brass, which 
bears the following inscription : — 

©rate pro aTabus Willi ©Ebbvs Bllcie, /iftargarete et 
/ibartone Cousortes sue quiquio m Willi us obiit viir I oie meusis 
Sauuarii Bimo 2>omim mill mo CCCC Imtitf, Quorum 
animabus p'piciet' oe'. Bmen" 

In English thus : — " Pray for the souls of William Gybbys, 
Alice, Margaret, and Marion his consorts, which William died 
on the 8th of January, A.D. 1484 : To whose souls nay God 
be merciful. Amen." 

Illustration. — Bigland's Gloucestershire, vol. i., p. 284. 

Portions Lost. — Over the head of the outside wives are the 
matrices of two sciolls, one of which is shown on the 
engraving in Bigland to have the words, Jhti vierci, ladye 
hdp. 

xxxiv.— /iiMcbelfcean. 

Thomas Baynham, Esq., 1444, and two wives Margery and 
Alice, all lost hut the effigies of the wives which are loose, 
engraved circa 1485. — Haines. 

Position. — Hanging on two nails in the vestry. In 
Bigland's time they were inlaid on a large blue stone "in the 
farther North Aisle." 

Srze. — Each effigy measures 2ft. 6in. x ift. 6in. 

Description. — In this interesting brass the most striking 
feature is the totally different shape of the headyear each wife 
affects. The vagaries of fashion are here brought into close 



84 



Monumental Brasses. 



and sharp contrast, and it is difficult without the aid of 
illustrations clearly to picture in words the great divergence in 
form and mode of wearing the head-dresses of these two ladies. 
To those interested in such matters it may be stated that 
illustrations of both these forms of the head-dress are given in 
any work on costume. 




Margaret Baynham. c. I485, Micheldean. 



Margaret Baynham wears the wired or butterfly head-dress, 
which was much in vogue especially among ladies of rank. 
This remarkable head-dress was composed of a framework of 
wire fastened to a cap or caul into which the hair was strained 
back so as to be completely hidden. This caul was made of 
coloured silks oftentimes embroidered in gold or silver thread 
and sometimes enriched with jewels. Over this wirework 
foundation a veil of gauze, lawn or other light material was 



Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 85 

thrown. Planche in his history of British Costume shews 
that these butterfly head-dresses are prototypes of those worn 
even at the present day in Normandy. (71) 

The head-dress of Alice Baynham is very different from 
that of Margaret Baynham. Alice is represented as wearing 
the pedimental, kennel, or diamond-shaped head-dress ; as this 
head-dress is to be found on many of the brasses in 
Gloucestershire it is worthy of description. Mr. F. W. 
Fairholt, F.S.A., in his account of Ladies' Head Gear thus 
speaks of this head-dress. " A perfectly geometrical form, 
which might have been invented by some clerical architect, 
succeeded to the butterfly head-diessin the reign of our Henry 
VII. An angle, like the penthouse of ?n old timber mansion, 
was formed over a lady's forehead, and a straight ugly line was 
brought down the sides of the face ; the whole thing was 
formalism run mad." St. James's Magazine, No. XII (March 
1862), p. 459. Like the butterfly head-dress it was 
" supported by wires and confined the hair in a round cap at 
the back of the head, but it was destitute of the veil 
projecting behind, its leading characteristics were long frontlets 
or lappets which formed an angle over the forehead, and hung 
down on each side, and similar lappets depended behind." 
Haines, i. p. ccxii. As the head is turned to the right, 
the lappet hanging behind is clearly seen ; all the lappets 
are plain. 

The dresses of the ladies, though similar, differ somewhat 
in detad. Both are close-fitting, small waisted and long, and 
gathered in graceful folds round the feet. They are fastened 
in front, but the method of fastening is not shown. Fur is to 
be seen at the neck, and round the hem of the skirt. The 
sleeves are narrow and fit tightly. 

The gown of Margaret is cut low at the neck, and the cuffs 
are large, slashed, and turned back, disclosing the fur lining. 
The waist is encircled by a long narrow girdle, which, passing 
through a large buckle on her right side, hangs down in front 
with a pendant terminating in a tassel ; the mode of fastening 
is curious, for the tongue of the buckle does not pass through 
the strap, but beneath it ; the strap is adorned with embossed 
or embroidered scroll-work. The neck is bare and she seems 
to be wearing a small chain ; the kirtle or underdress is seen. 

Alice is wearing a gown cut square at the neck, and at the 



86 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

top of the fastening of the gown is a brooch (?). The cuffs, 
instead of being turned back, cover the hands reaching to the 
knuckles. The buckle of her belt is on her left side, and the 
tongue of the buckle passes through a hole in the belt, which 
is enriched with scroll-work. 

Both the ladies are represented erect with hands clasped in 
a devotional attitude, Margaret being slightly turned to her 
left to display her butterfly headdress, (71) and similarly Aliceis 
turned to her right to match, and probably the husband was 
placed full face between them. 

Illustration. — Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire 
Archaeological Society, Volume VI, Plates VII and VIII. 

Portions Lost. — This brass was mutilated in Bigland's 
time. He records that over the man's head the escutcheon 
with a mantle and crest was then gone ; there were " four 
corner Escutcheons, three remaining; 1. Gules, a Chevron 
between three bulls Heads caboshed Argent for Baynham ; 2. 
A Fess surmounted of another indented, for Hodye ; 3. 
Quarterly 1st and 4th, Baynham; 2nd and 3rd, on a Chief 
three Mullets ; — impaling, Per Pale Or and Vert, twelve 
Guttes counterchanged, for Greyndour, and Crusilly a Fess, 
for . . . ." History of Gloucestershire i. p. 446, s.v. Dean Michel. 

Memoir. — Thomas Baynham was son and nearest heir of 
Robert Baynham, and at his father's death, 12th September, 
1436, he was aged 14 years five months and three days. — 
(Iuq. p. m. 15, Henry VI, No. 15.) 

" Thomas inherited from his father, with other lands, the 
first moiety of the Manor of Dene Magna, or the purparty of 
Johanna, the senior co-heir of William de Dene. He married, 
as his first wife, Margaret, daughter of Richard Hcdy, one of 
the King's Justices — it is so stated in an old pedigrte iecorded 
in the Heralds' College in 1582, nevertheless it would seem to 
be doubtful ; there was never a Richard Hody, a justice in 
either of the King's Courts — and by her had a son and heir 
named Alexander. He married secondly, Alice, daughter and 
heir of William Walwyn, with whom he acquired also, in her 
right, the other moiety, or purparty, of Isabella, the second 
co-heir. By her he had a son Christopher, heir of his mother 
and other children." 

Much further information respecting the Baynham family 
will be found in a paper on the " Manors of Dene Magna and 



Monumental Brasses 



87 



Abenhall," by Sir John Maclean, F.S.A. in the "Transactions 
of the Bristol and Gloucestei shire Archaeological Society," 
Vol. VI. 

xxxv.-iRortbleacb. 

A woolman and wife, circa 1485, with two sons and two 
daughters, merchant's mark and marginal inscription. North 
aisle.- — Haines. 

Position. — On the floor in the north aisle. 

Size. — 6ft. 8in x 2ft. 8in. 

Description. — The husband has his hair long, parted down 
the middle and brushed back behind the ears. He wears a 
tunic, which does not quite reach the ankles ; it is edged with 
fur round the skirt, wrists, and neck. The sleeves are full and 
flowing with wide openings at the wrists, where the sleeves 
are turned back to form narrow fur cuffs. The gown is kept in 
place by a girdle, which has an ornamental stud visible in iront 
The gown is closed the whole way down ; the mode ot 
fastening is concealed. Round his neck is a narrow collar, 
possibly of his underdress, above the band of fur. At the 




Fig. 72. Feet of Husband, c. 1485. Northleach. 



88 



Monumental Brasses. 



wrists the tight-fitting sleeves of the underdress are seen. He 
has neither anelace gypciere, nor rosary. He wears low shoes 
with rounded toes. The right foot rests on a sheep, and the 
left on a woolpack, on which is shownhis merchant's mark. (72). 
Beneath are two sons dressed like their father. 
The wife has unfortunately lost the upper part of her head, 
but seemingly she wears a heart-shaped head-dress, which 
ends in three tiers; her ears are not visible. The gown is 
long, full, and straight, with a v-shaped opening at the neck, 
and terminates below the girdle ; the edges are trimmed with 
fur, so also is the bottom of the skirt. The chest is protected 
by an underdress, also v-shaped and leaving the neck bare. 
The sleeves are long and narrow, reaching to the wrists, where 
they terminate in wide cuffs of fur. The gown is confined by 
a girdle ornamented with rosettes. The supporters of her feet, 
which are concealed by the gowi , are 
the same as her husband's exce.pt that 
the merchant's mark is not visible 

Beneath is a plate representing two 
daughters, who are attired in the same 
fashion as their mother, with the 
following exceptions, their girdles are 
loose and fastened at the side, and 

their headdresses 

belong to the butter- 
fly kind. (73) 

The merchant's 

mark (74) consists of 

a cross, from the stem 

of which a streamer is 

flying, standing on an 

W. The figures are 





Daughter, 
Northleach, 



inverted old-fashioned 

erect, full face with 

ife is on her 



Fig. 74. Merchant's 

Mark. c. 1485. 

Northleach. 

hands clas ed in a devotional attitude; the wite is on 
husband's left hand, and she is also represented shorter in 
stature than her husband. The sons are turned to their left 
to face their sisters, who are turned to their right. All the 
children are represented erect with their hands folded in 
prayer. Above the husband is a scroll inscribed $b'U /II>et*C£ t 
below the sons is a similar pious ejaculation. Above the wife 
the matrix only is left, whilst below the daughters 5'bll 
/lDer—is all that is left. 



Monumental Brasses. 89 

Inscription. — Round the verge are the following verses ; — 

►^ a ffarewell' my frendes the tyde abideth no man (1) 
I am departed from hense and so shall' ye 
But in this (2) passage the best songe that I can 
Is requiem eternam now (3) Jhu graunte it me 
When I haue ended' all (4) myn aduersite 

Graunte me in paradise to haue a (5) mansion 
That shed' thy blode fformy redempcion. (6) 

The inscription commences over the husband's head, and 
at each corner as well as at the middle of the sides were 
ornamental plates ; a part of one remains at the upper dexter 
corner (6), on it is engraved the symbol of the Apostle St. 
John — an eagle ; at the middle of the side near the wife (2) is a 
part of a winged ox, the symbol of St. Mark ; whilst at the 
lower sinister corner (3) is a shield containing the merchant's 
mark described above ; the plates have been torn away from 
(i), (4), and (5). 

" This inscription occurs with slight variations at Royston, 
Herts, and according to Weever, it was at Baldock in the 
same county ; at Maldon and Romford, Essex ; and at St. 
Martin's, Ludgate, London (Fun. Mon., pp. 545, 610, 649, 
387)." — Haines, i. p. clxxxi. note. 

Illustration. — Cutts (E.L.) Scenes and Characters of the 
Middle Ages, p. 524 (effigy only), p. 526 (merchant's mark.) 

Poitions Lost. — The upper half of the wife's head, the scroll 
above her, a part of the scroll beneath the daughters, the 
ornamental plates at (1), (4), and (5) and parts of (2) and (6), 
(see inscription). 

Memoir. — As each effigy is represented standing on a sheep 
and a woolpack, it is very probable that Haines' supposition 
that the brass represented a " woolman and his wife" is correct. 

xxxvi.-inortbleacb. 

[Tohn Taylour] , wolman, and wife Joan, circa 1490, with 
eight sons and seven daughters, Evangelical symbols, marginal 
inscription mutilated, Holy Trinity lost, south chancel. — Haines. 

Position. — On floor. 

Size. — 6ft. gin. x 2ft. 4m. 

Description. — John Taylor has hair long enough nearly 

to reach his collar and cover his ears. The face is clean shaven 

» 

and he is represented well advanced in years by the wrinkles 



go 



Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 



on his forehead. He wears the ordinary long gown of the period, 
but it is destitute of fur edging either at the skirt or sleeves. To 
his girdle are fastened a gypciere on his right side, and on his left a 
rosary of twelve beads, i.e., five small beads and one large one on 
each string, one end terminates in a tassel, and to the other end is 
attached a signet ring. The gown covers the ankles so that the 
mode of fastening the shoes is not seen — only the wide rounded toes 
arevisible. Between his feet is represented a conventional flower. 
Joan Taylor wears the butterfly headdress, but it is not so 
large as that of Margaret Baynham. Her gown is long and 
very low-necked, it has not the V-shaped opening. Below the 
gown is her kirtle or stomacher protecting her chest. The 
sleeves are narrow with long fur cuffs, and fit tightly at the 
wrists. The hip girdle is narrow and hangs loosely. 

Beneath John Taylor are eight sons dressed like their 
father, and beneath his wife are seven daughters dressed like 
their mother. Above the husband and wife and beneath their 
children are plates on which are engraved the evangelical 
symbols, but they are much mutilated. 

In the centre of the bottom of the brass is represented a 

sheep, head to left, 
standing* on a woolpack ) 
between its fore and hind 
feet is John Taylor's mark 
viz., two shepherd's 
crooks placed one verti- 
cally turned to the le ft 
the other crossing it 
horizontally turned to 
theright, a crook lies in 

ts^SBimmmmmmmmmiBk front of the woo ipack. 

Fig. 75. Sheep on Wooipack. c. 1490. r 

Northleach. (75) 

Inscription. — Round the verge is the following inscription, 
the portion in brackets being supplied from Rudder : — 

[Jobn aa£lour] Bo 
abousanD CCCC anD 
3oonebVB\vvte. . . . Gbe 
yexe ot ©[wre TLovb ©oD 

B o Gb0W6anJ>]G(I(IC 

on wbots soulis 3'bbaue 
/nycv>. Bmen. (76)u 





Fig. 76. End of Inscription, c. 1490. Northleach. 



* "Couchant" Rudder's Gloucestershire. 



Monumental Brasses. 



91 



From John's mouth proceeds a label S'ca trinit [as ora pro 
nobis] . His wife's label probably bore a similar inscription 
but " is " is all that is left. 

Illustration. — Cutis (E.L.) Scenes and Characters of the 
Middle Ages, p 524 (effigy only) p. 526 (Merchant's Mark.) 

Portions Lost. — Representation of the Holy Trinity, most 
of the marginal inscription, the symbol over John's head, and 
parts of the other three, the left hand lower corner of John's 
gown. 

Memoir. — The will of a Johane Taylour of Northleach is in 
the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 1510, 32 Bennett. 

xxxvii — xtormarton. 

John Ceysyll, "famulus" of :;: Lord John Sendlow, 1493, 
marginal inscription Nave. — Haines. 

Position. — On a ledger stone in the centre of the nave. 

Size. — 6ft. 2in. X2ft. 3m. 

Description. — His hair is worn long, it conceals his ears and 
the greater part of his forehead. The face is clean-shaven, and 
furrows are represented shewing that he was an old man. He 
wears the long tunic customary of the period, this has no 
border of fur at the edge of the skirt nor at the neck and 
wrists. The sleeves are full and of uniform width. At the 




Fig. 77. Feet. 1493. Tormarton. 



"It is evident that Mr. Haines strangely enough overlooked the fact that 
Dominus " in this case is merely the equivalent of " Sir " and does not mean 
Lord." Ed, 



92 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

neck is the small standing collar of the underdress of which a 
portion of the lacing is shewn. At the wrist the tight-fitting 
sleeves of the underdress are to be seen. The line shewing 
where the tunic is fastened down the front is very evident. 
The waist is confined by a narrow girdle, but the buckle is 
not shown. From this girdle hang a gypciere on the right 
side, and a rosary on the left side. The rosary has, instead of 
a tassel at one end, a ring, probably a signet-ring. The feet 
are shod with mis-shapen round-toed shoes with thick soles. 
Between the feet and springing from the centre of seven leaves 
is a conventional flower of three blossoms displayed somewhat 
in the form of a cross. (77) 

The figure seems to be spare and the hands are clasped in 
the attitude of prayer. 

Inscription. — The inscription (78) is round the verge and is 
as follows: — Orate (oak- leaf), pro (three leaves springing 
from a crown), Anima (cinq-foil), jfohannis (two acorns), 
Ceysyll (double triangle), | Quondam (a clover [trefoil] leaf) 
famulus (leaf), Reuerendi (Tudor rose, boss), d'ni (leaf), JoWis 
(a flowered square), Sendlow (heart), militis (rabbit), qui 
(quadruped), quide (oak leaf and acorn), jfohannis (leaves), 
Ceysyll (bunch of three cherries), suuni (lily blossom), clausit 
(cherry and leaf), extremu (coventional,, in (do), Vigilia (cap) 
Sancti (rose) Bartholomei (hare), Aposloli (a pod bursting and 
revealing the seeds), Anno (leaves), d'ni (goose?) Mil I' mo \ 
(a spread eagle), CCCC° (bird flying), lxxxxiii (goose preening 
her wings), et (goose with neck arched), Anno (crown), Regni 
(a rose barbed), Regis (leaf and double square), Henri ci (a 
berry between two leaves), septimi (trefoil), nono (bell), Cuius 
(stringed instrument resembling a violin, Anime (pair of 
bellows), propicietur (apple? ) de ( ? ), Altissimus (leaf), Amen. 

In English it may be rendered thus :— -Pray for the soul of 
John Ceysyll, formerly servant of the reverend Sir John 
Sendlow, Knight, which John Ceysyll ended his last day on the 
eve of St. Bartholomew the Apostle, [August 23] , A.D., 1493, 
and in the ninth year of the reign of King Henry VII. To 
whose soul may the Most High be merciful. Amen." 

Illustrations. — None known. 

Portions Lost. — None, and the brass is in excellent 
condition. 

Memoir.— Nothing known of John Ceysyll. 



MM 



m 



l«V3 



W« 



8 



■ 



Stf* 



h*?* 



»» 



i 



Fig. 7 Inscription. M9o. Torrrarton 



94 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

xxxviii— Cirencester. 

John Benet, 1497 (head gone), and two wives, Agnes and 
Agnes. One wife and children gone. Marginal inscription 
nearly all lost. — Haines. 

Position. — On the floor in the Lady Chapel. 

Size. — All that is left measures 6ft, x ift. 8in. 

Description. — " There is also the brass of a man and his 
wife, evidently another wife has been there, and childrenf also. 
The man wears a gown falling to the feet, the sleeves are large 
at the wrist and lined and faced with fur ; from the girdle hang 
a rosary on the right, and the gypciere on the left side ; on the 
right shoulder rests a cap of a peculiar construction, in high 
favour with all classes of persons during the reign of Henry 
VI., and very often worn throughout the remainder of the 15th 
century ; in form the cap was circular like a turban, and was 
made of a roll of cloth, or some rich material from which on 
one side a long and broad band or scarf hung down to the 
ground unless tucked in the girdle or wound round the neck ; 
while to the other side of the cap was attached a kind of loose 
hood, which fell negligently, about the head or shoulders. In 
this brass the scarf is represented as hanging down in front 
of the figure. The wife's figure is clad in a flowing kirtle down 
to the feet, with a tightly-fitting bodice, cut low and square on the 
breast showing the under tunic round the throat ; the sleeves 
have large cuffs of fur, and there is a cincture round the waist ; 
she wears the horned head-dress hanging in folds behind the 
figure. 

Inscription. — Part of the inscription only remains, and reads 
thus: — Qui quidem Johannes obijt decimo 110110 die; and in 
another part of the chapel are the following words, which 
evidently, from the style of lettering, belong to this brass : Mensis 
jfulij anno domini millimo cccc° nonages' septimo qiiur' aTabus. 
From the mouths of the two figures are scrolls issuing and 
bearing the following words : — Man's scroll — S'cta Triiiitas 
vnus De' miserere nobis. Woman's — Spiritns s'ti (sic) de' 
miserere nobis. 

This inscription is also preserved by Bigland I. 357. Orate 
pro a'i'abus Johannis Bennett ac Agnetis uxoru' suar', qui 
quidem JoWes obiit decimo 110710 die me7isis jfulij, anno 

f According to Bigland there were eight children. 




Monumental Brasses. 95 

d'ni Millimo cccc nonages septimo quorum a'Vbus. From the 
other wife a label with Fill redemptor mundi miserere nobis. 

The inscription may be thus translated : — 
Pray for the souls of John Bennett [Agnes] and Agnes his 
wives, which John died on the 19th day of July, A.D. 1497, on 
whose souls [may God have mercy. Amen.] The portions in 
brackets seemed to be lacking when Rev. 
Thos. Carles, M.A., vicar of Cirencester 
made a copy of the inscriptions in the 
church in 1673. 

His merchant's mark (79) resembles a 
cross with knops at each end ; and on the 
long staff, a St. Andrew's cross with 
similar knops. — Rev. W . E. Hadow, M.A. 

Both the effigies are erect, full face, 
with hands clasped in the attitude of Mar?' CkencesS. 8 
prayer, the wife being on her husband's i 497 . 

right hand. 

The lower portion of the stone has been utilised by 
placing upon it a brass plate with the following inscription in 
ordinary Roman letters : — •' Here lieth the body of | Tho son 
of Tho and | Jane Nicholls, | obiit June 19th, 1752, | aged 32 
years. 

Illustrations. — None known. 

Portions Lost. — Head of husband, lefthand corner of the 
wife's gown ; and according to Haines, the wife and a group of 
children, the name, effigy, and scroll of the second wife, the 
marginal inscription is much mutilated. 

Biographical Account. — His will and that of one of his 
wives are in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury 1 1 Home, and 
7 Moone. 

xxxix.— 5ev>enbampton. 

A Civilian, c. 1490, lately lost (?) feet, and inscription, perhaps 
covered by a step. Chancel. — Haines. 

John Camber. 1497. 

Position. — On the floor in the Chancel, the feet and 
inscription, being covered by a moveable step. 

Size — 2ft. 6in. X ift. iin. 

Description. — The figure is two feet three and a half inches 
in length, and the costume that of a well-to-do yeoman of the 



g6 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

time of Henry VII. His hair is full and long covering the 
ears, and is cut so as to form a fringe which almost touches the 
eyebrows; not a vestige of beard, whisker, or moustache is 
visible. He wears a long tunic which reaches below the 
ankles, this opens down the front, but here it is closed, and the 
mode of fastening is not shown ; at the waist it is confined by a 
wide girdle devoid of ornament. The sleeves are ample, 
wider at the wrists than at the elbows ; they have broad fur 
cuffs, which are returned inside, where the fur forms a narrow 
edge. The collar of the tunic is merely a narrow band. At 
the neck a quaker-like collar of the underdress is represented ; 
this is fastened by means of a lace ; at the wrist the closely- 
fitting sleeves of the underdress are seen. From the girdle 
depends on his left side a purse, or bag sewn to a metal frame 
of a semi-circular shape while from his right side hangs a 
rosary of twenty small beads and two larger ones the ends of 
the cord are terminated by tassels. Over the right shoulder is 
thrown a hood, which usually was of a dark colour. In this 
instance it consists of a cap which is shaped somewhat like a 
Scotch ' bonnet ' and to it is attached a long streamer or scarf, 
which reaches below the knees ; it was sometimes called a 
liripipe, and was used for wrapping round the head when 
required. The tunic covers the fastening if any of the shoes, 
which are pointed, a fashion which was soon superseded by 
broad round toes. He is full-faced with hands raised in the 
attitude of prayer. 

Inscription. — Beneath the figure is a plate of brass on 
which is engraved the following inscription : — 

Ibic iacet Job es Camber qui obijt vicesinio | Sejto Me meusis 
ffebcuartj 21° o'ni m° | CCGGfC vij° cuius a'i'e p'piciet' t>c' amen 

Which may be thus translated, '' Here lies John Camber, 
who died the 26th Feb A.D., 1497, to whose soul may God be 
merciful. Amen. 

It is observable that the inscription affords an early 
instance of the modern fashion of writing the number 
' Ninety ' with the ' X ' to the left of the ' 6" it being far more 
common in the fifteenth century to express it thus, LXXXX. 

Illustrations. — Sevenhampton Parish Magazine, June 1869, 
continuation of Bigland s.v. Sevenhampton. Bristol and 
Gloucesierslure Archcsological Society, vol. xiv, p. 343. 



Monumental Brasses. 97 

The excellence of the material is evident from the fact that 
though close upon four hundred years old, the lines and 
indentations, the hair, features, fur on cuffs, &c, are as clearly 
cut as at the time of its execution ; although, on account of its 
position before the altar rails, many generations must have 
walked over it. 

Portions Lost.— -No portion is lost. 

Biographical Account. — The Rev. J. Melland Hall, M.A., 
rector of Harescombe and Pitchcombe, and formerly vicar of 
Sevenhampton, very kindly sent me the following account, and 
to him I beg to express my indebtedness: — "The Rev. 
Herbert Haines, after a visit subsequently to the publication of 
his well-known work on Monumental Brasses (an extract from 
which will be found at the head of this notice), kindly furnished 
some additional particulars concerning the interesting memorial 
remaining in the church. As the inscription was supposed to 
be lost, the style of the execution was his sole guide as to its 
date, and he consequently assigned it to about the year 1490. 
He believed that it might probably be the monument of John 
Camber, who is said, by Sir Robert Atkyns, to have built the 
church (dying in 1497), this, however, can only refer to the 
fifteenth century portions : but whether he asserts this on any 
authority, or merely as a tradition doth not appear. 

As Mr, Haines remarks, while the lower part of the effigy, 
and a possible inscription were concealed by the altar step, it 
appeared very tantalizing to the wandering and enthusiastic 
antiquary to find that, until the obstruction was removed, 
uncertainty must hang over the person commemorated. It 
was, therefore, most satisfactory when the matter was 
investigated and the step removed to find that it was indeed the 
memorial of John Camber, and also that the assigned date 
was not very far removed from the real one, viz., A.D. 1497. 

The inscription, it will be seen, simply records the name 
and date of the decease of John Camber; and hardly anything 
more is known concerning him, except that his * anniversary 
service ' was to be performed on the 26th of February, for 
which ' the Parishioners were enfeoffed of a House, with Close, 
and Dovehouse, at Prestbury, yearly value, vjs. viijd. — (Valor- 
Eccles.) His will is in P.C C. 21, Home and printed in 
Gloucestershire Notes and Queries II., 444. 



g8 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

It may, however, be mentioned that the name Camber 
occurs at Tilbury, Essex, and also in Norfolk early in the 
sixteenth century, where, in the parish Church of Hedenham, 
a small brass inscription to a John Camber [John Camber, 
16th cent., loose, inscription only. Haines Manual ii. 139] 
still remains. Whether the subject of this interesting and 
well-preserved brass was connected with these families we 
know not ; but it is evident that he was a man of considerable 
note in his day, and as the probable restorer or rebuilder of the 
Tower and other portions of the parish Church of Seven- 
hampton, "zealous 0/ good works. 

xl.— jfairfort). 

John Tame, Esq., 1500, and wife Alice (Twynihow) 1471. 
Marginal Inscription, Altar Tomb, Chancel. — Haines. 

Position. — On an altar-tomb, lying partly in the Lady 
Chapel — Northe Ghappell — and partly in the Chancel. 

Size. — 7ft. 8in. X 3ft. 

Description. — "This stately memorial of Purbeck marble, 
which forms a conspicuous ornament of the chancel, was 
raised by his son and successor, Sir Edmond Tame, Knight, 
who finished the church after his father's death. This tomb 
has a somewhat uncommon character from the circular panels 
which ornament its sides. Upon the top are full-length 
figures in brass of John Tame and Alice his wife, with their 
respective shields of arms separate, and also with the same 
arms impaled together. In this effigy it is to be noted that 
John Tame is represented, not as a citizen or merchant, but as 
an armiger or Esquire, clothed in mail and wearing spurs. It 
is also observable that the affirmation attached to his will, a 
short time previous to his decease, attested by the names of the 
vicar of Fairford, and the vicar of Southrop, styles him ' John 
Tame, Squier,' quite in accordance with this fact " — The 
Fairford Windows. 

This brass is in an unusually fine state of preservation, and 
gives a very good illustration of the armour worn at the end of 
the fifteenth and the commencement of the sixteenth centuries. 

John Tame's hair is so long as to reach to his shoulders ; it 
covers his ears and is parted down the middle. The face is 
clean shaven. The head is uncovered and the helmet is not 
shown. He wears a cuirass having a tapul, i.e., a projecting 



Monumental Brasses. 



99 



edge, in front. To the right side of the cuirass is affixed a 
kind of bracket of iron in order to support the lance, whence 
its name — lance-rest. (80) His 
shouldersare protected by paldrons, 
which were still the fashion — but 
they resemble each other very 
closely both in size and shape ; they 
are rounded and have high pro- 
jecting edges round the neck, the 
left one being a little higher than 
the right one ; there is also a 
demiplaccate. The coudieres are 
of moderate size and plain. The 
skirt consists of five taces, slightly 
invecked in the centre ; to this 
skirt are attached two tuiles in 
front, and on the right side is 
seen a third, so that probably there was a fourth on his left 
side. Mail is shown at the neck, a skirt of the same material 
is also seen below the taces, and gussets of mail are at the 
armpits, the one under the right shoulder only being visible, 




Fig. 80. 



Lance Rest. 
Fairford. 



1500. 




Fig. 81. Sabbatons. 1500. Fairford. 
and at the insteps. The legs are protected by plate armour, 
and the genouillieres have small extra plates both above and 
below them, the mode of fastening is shown on the left knee. 
The feet are encased in large wide-toed sabbatons, (81) to which 



ioo Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

the spurs were most probably screwed. On his right side is a 
dagger, and on his left a sword which passes diagonally 
behind him. 

Alice wears the then fashionable kennel head-dress with 
plain lappets. Her gown is long and close-fitting to the body 
and arms ; the sleeves fit tightly at the wrists where there are 
deep fur cuffs slashed and reflected. The gown is cut low and 
square at the neck, thus displaying her kirtle over which a 
ribbon apparently crosses ; the kirtle fits close to the neck. 
The girdle is long and adorned with scroll work, it passes 
through a buckle on her left side and the tongue of the buckle 
pierces the belt but as there are no holes made for it, most 
probably the belt was made of woollen material and not of 
leather. 

The figures are erect with the hands joined in an attitude 
of prayer, John being turned slightly to his left and Alice much 
more to her right, she is on the left of her husband, whose 
effigy is larger than hers. 

Inscription. — On a fillet of brass at their feet is this 
quatrain in English : — 

ffor Jbus loue prag for me | 5 mag not prag nowe prag ge 
limit b a pater noster ano aue I Gbat mg pagngs IRelessgb 
mag be. 

which is repeated at the end of the marginal inscription. 

Round the moulded edge of the slab is a narrow ribbon of 
brass bearing the following words cut in relief, commencing at 
the lower left hand corner : — 

©rate pro animabus $obts £ame armkjeri et Sltcte urorts 
eius qui qutoem $obes obiit octauo Die /iftensis /ifoatj anno o'ni 
/IlMllesimo quingentesimo et anno IReqni | IRegis Ibenrici Sept't 
sejtobecimo et preoicta aiicia obiit vncestmo oie I jflfcensts 
Decembrts anno Domini miU'imo CCCC septuagesimo primo 
quorum a't'abus propictetur oe\ fforjbus lou prag tor me j mag 
not prag now prag ge | witb a pater noster anbe ave tbat mg 
pagnes relessfb mag be. 

Which may be thus translated: — "Pray for the souls of 
John Tame, Esq., and Alice his wife, which John died on the 
8th of May, A.D. 1500, and in the 16th year of King Henry 
VII. And the aforesaid Alice died on the 20th December, 
A.D. 147 1, on whose souls may God have mercy. 

Heraldry. — The following account of the heraldry on the 
brass and in the church is taken from that most valuable and 



Monumental Brasses. 



101 



interesting monograph "On the Fairford Windows,'" published 
in 1872, by the late Rev. J. G. Joyce, M.A., F.S.A. 

" The armorial shield which occupies the centre of the west 
parapet of the tower of Fairford Church, exhibits a marked 
difference from the heraldry of the other three faces, as the 
lateness of its origin is manifest in the character of the charge. 
This is such as to suggest that the science of heraldry was 
already on the wane when these arms were first assumed. 
But this shield on the west parapet fills nevertheless the most 
important function of all in the indisputable record it 
perpetuates. This is a memorial of the man to whose 
munificence Fairford is indebted for its noble church. John 
Tame the merchant. 

" The charge which is somewhat rudely sculptured in relief 
is a wyvern on the dexter side, combating a lion crowned on 
the sinister. The same charge is repeated on a shield of quite 
a different shape inside the porch, on the corbel of the inner 
doorway on the right as one enters the church. It is particu- 
larly to be noticed that the one is 
not a mere reproduction of the 
other ; the two are perfectly 
distinct in style. 

" There is, however, in Fair- 
ford Church a different and a 
still later version of the arms of 
John Tame. It is that incised on 
the brasses which adorned his 
tomb. The arms of Tame upon 
the tomb (82) vary from those on 
the tower and in the porch. The 
heraldic charge upon the two 
latter as described above, is re- 
versed upon the brasses of the 
tomb, the beasts having changed places, so that the crowned 
lion occupies the dexter side in the brass. There is a second 
variation in the circumstances that the wyvern of the stone 
shields receives the addition of hind legs, and so becomes a 
dragon on the tomb. 

"All these, whether in stone or brass, are equally com- 
memorative of John Tame's connexion with the church, 
because the same arms when used by Sir Edmund his son, who 




Fig. 82. 



Fairford. 



io2 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

completed the building, are invariably differenced by a 
crescent." In the paper on the ' The Tames of Fairford'' by 
Henry F. Holt, Esq., published in the Archaeological Journal, 
1871, is the following : — " In the year following Henry VIII. 's 
visit to Fairford [July 1520] , John Tame's tomb was completed 
by the addition of the armorial bearings granted to Sir Edmund 
Tame, on that occasion, and added thereto were those of the 
Twynihoe family, argent, a chevron gules between three 
popinjays proper, (83) varying the escutcheons by arranging 
the several arms of the Tame and Twymhoe families per 
pale." (84) 





Fig. S3. Shield. 1500. Fairford. 



Fig. 84. Shield. 1500. Fairford. 



Illustrations. — Bigland vol. p. 567, Gentleman's Magazine 
vol. lvii. pt. ii. p. 345, Cambridge Camden Society Illustrations. 
No. IV. p. 115. 

Portions Lost. — None. 

Biographical Account. — The life of Edmond Tame may be 
found in the following works : — Joyce (J. G.) On the Fairford 
Windows; Holt (H. F.) The Tames of Fairford; 
Cambridge Camden Society, Monumental Brasses. 

John Tame married Alice, a daughter of John Twynihoe, a 
merchant of Cirencester. The Twynihoe coat may be seen in 
the Abbey Church at Cirencester. They had four children, 
William, Thomas, Elnore and Edmund.* 

Thomas Tame was parson of " Castel Eton." He and his 
sister " Dame Elnore " received bequests, to Edmond was 



*Of whom an account will appear Vide No. LXII. 



Monumental Brasses. 103 

bequeathed all the property John Tame held. William's 
name is not mentioned in the will so he very probably 
predeceased his Father. John Tame's will is in P.C.C., 
3 Moone. 

Mr. Holt thus sums up in one paragraph his opinion upon 
the tradition respecting John Tame and the Fairford Windows. 

"It may here be convenient I should state, as the result of 
my researches, that I have satisfied myself — 1st, that John 
Tame did not acquire the glass in 1492, or at any other time, 
by conquest or piracy ; 2nd, that he did not found Fairford 
Church, or dedicate it to the Virgin Mary ; 3rd, that he did 
not rebuild the Church; 4th, that he had nothing to do with 
the painted glass, and never contemplated its purchase or 
erection ; 5th, that the painted glass windows were expressly 
made for the Church, and not the Church for the windows; 
6th, that John Tame never was Lord of the Manor of Fairford." 

xli.— Cirencester. 

A civilian, circa 1500, mutilated, head restored, inscription 
gone. — Haines. 

Position. — On the floor in the Trinity Chapel. 

Description. — The Rev. W. E. Hadowin his account of the 
Monumental Brasses at Cirencester rightly terms this a 
"nondescript figure," for the head evidently has no relation to 
the remaining portion of the figure. The body is clothed in a 
furred robe open above and below but closed at the waist by a 
girdle. The sleeves are ample and of uniform breadth; at the 
wrists the hemmed sleeves of the underdress are visible. The 
hands are in the posture of prayer. All that is left of this 
brass is the body from the neck to the edge of the skirt. 

With this memorial may be classed another nondescript 
one, in which the head of a man has been fastened to a 
female waist ! 

xlil— /HMncbinbampton. 

A civilian and wife, circa 1500, inscription and other wife 
(?) lost. Relaid, perhaps incorrectly, now in the belfrey. — 
Haines. 

Position. — On the north wall at the west end of the church. 
Mr. England records that "in the south cross aisle are two 
figures with legends but no inscriptions." 

Size , — ift. 6in. X ift. 7m. 



104 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

Description. — The husband has long hair covering his ears 
and cut in a pointed fashion over the forehead, somewhat 
resembling the kennel headdress of the wife. Not a vestige of 
hair adorns the face. The tunic reaches below the ankles, and 
is open at the neck where the wide fur edge is plainly shown ; 
the sleeves are very full at the wrists with deep fur cuffs. The 
waist is encircled by a plain girdle from which hangs a rosary, of 
which only four beads are visible, and a large gypciere. 

At the neck is seen the tight-fitting undergarment, having 
a little stand-up collar; the tightly-fitting sleeves with narrow 
cuffs of the under-dress appear at the wrists. Below the 
gown are seen the toes of his wide and misshapen boots or 
shoes. Attention has been drawn to the long pointed shoes in 
vogue in the XV. century; and now in the XVI. century, the 
fashion had gone to the other extreme, and boots and shoes 
were "so excessively square-toed that the law, which had 
formerly limited the length, was now called on to abridge the 
the breadth of these pedal terminations." Planche's 
Cyclopcedia of Costume, p. 47, s.v. boot. 

The wife wears a pedimental headdress as described in No. 
34 and her dress is very similar to that worn by Margaret 
Baynham, and described in the same number. It is a long 
flowing robe, narrow- waisted, and has tight-fitting sleeves 
with deep fur reflexed cuffs. The skirt has a plain edge. A 
long, plain girdle loosely encircles the waist, fastened by a 
simple buckle, through thispassesthe other endofthe beltwhich 
almost reaches the feet and terminates in an ornamental pendant. 

Both the figures are erect with hands clasped in prayer ; 
the husband is full face and the wife is on her husband's left 
hand, but turned a little to her left, so that most probably 
there were originally two wives, one on either side of the 
husband. When the brasses were re-laid in a fresh stone 
perchance the effigy of the wife formerly on the left hand being 
lost, the remaining wife was by mistake put on the wrong side, 
and made to turn her back to her husband. 

Illustrations. — None known. 

Portions Lost.— As the brass is not in its original slab, it 
would be difficult to say positively what has been lost, but 
very likely another wife and the inscription. Mr. F. Stanley, 
of Margate has a rubbing shewing a scroll between husband and 

wife thus worded :— H>e' mtserat' n'rt & . . , oicat nobis- 



Monumental Brasses. 



105 



XLin.-iRortbleacb. 

Robert Serche, 1501, and wife Anne, with three sons and 
one daughter. — Haines. 

Position. — On the floor. 

Size. — 5ft. 2in. X 2ft. 

Description.— Robert Serche has long hair covering the 
ears ; over the forehead the hair is cut like the fringe of these 
days ; the face is beardless. His gown is similar to that worn 
by a civilian circa 1500, at Minchinhampton, from the plain 
narrow girdle hangs a gypciere but no rosary. The tightly- 
fitting under-dress has closely-buttoned sleeves. The shoes 
are wide and fastened across the instep. 

Anne Serche is dressed very similarly to the wife of the 
civilian circa 1500, at Minchinhampton, viz., a kennel head- 
dress, tight-fitting gown, and loose hip girdle. 

Beneath the father are three sons, with tunics fitting close 
to the neck, and covering the ankles, the sleeves are wide 
mouthed. They have no girdle. 

Beneath the mother is one daughter, she wears a kennel 
headdress, but instead of the lappets behind is a long veil 
reaching far below her waist. Her dress is of the same fashion 
as that of her mother, but it is not so long, and consequently 
the wide-toed shoes are visible. 

The figures are all erect with hands in a devotional 
attitude : the husband being turned a little to his left to face his 
wife, who is on his left hand ; while the wife is turned a little 
to her right to face her husband. Similarly the sons are 
turned a little to their left, and the daughter a little to her 
right. 

Inscription. — Robert and 
Anne Serche stand on a fillet 
of brass which bears the follow- 
ing inscription : - 

"Ipray tor tbe seniles of 
IRobt Scrcbe ano Bnne b\?s 
\vv?fe t wbycb IRobt oeceeseo tbe 
U oav> of 3-anever tbe yere of 
our XorD /l&Uc ano oon. ©n 
wbose sovvlgs Jbu baue mercy 
amen." 

At each corner of the slab is a scroll (75) on which is engraved 

3'bu mercy, XaDy belpe. 




Fig. 75. Scroll. 1501, Northleach. 




Io6 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

In the middle of the slab above the husband and wife are 
these letters on a circular plate (76) : — R. & A., i.e., R(obert) 

and A(nne.) 

Illustration. — None known. 
Portions Lost. — -None, and 
the whole brass is in splendid 
preservation. This memorial is 
mentioned by Rev. H. Haines 
in his Manual I, p. eeli, n. as 
an instance of a brass consisting 
of several pieces and yet remain- 
ing perfect, which rarely is the 
., case. 

Monogram. 

Northleach. Memoir. — His will is to be 

found P.C.C.Blamyr 6. 



XLiv.-©iv>eston. 

Morys Denys, Esq , son and heir of Sir Gylbert Denjs, 
lord of the manors of Alveston and Irdecote, and his son Sir 
Walter Denys, 1505, in tabards, holding a scroll mural. — 
Haines. 

Position. — On the wall under the east window of the north 
aisle. 

Size. — 2ft. 6in. x 2ft. 7111. 

Description. — Morys Denys (77) and Sir Walter, his son, 
are both in armour, similar to that worn by John Tame, but 
neither of the two wear spurs. Their armour consists of a 
cuirass, paldrons, coudieres, skirt of taces, tuiles, below these 
a skirt of mail appears, cuisses, genouillieres, and wide-toed 
sabbatons. Most of the armour is concealed by a tabard. 

Both the figures are kneeling on an embroidered cushion, 
and facing each other, Their hands are uplifted, showing the 
inside of the brassarts : the left hand of Morys (77) and the 
right hand of Sir Walter are holding a scroll on which is 
engraved this inscription :— /IIMSClCnUUi ll't'i miseremtlU 

nostri I saltern vos fiij et amid nostri quia | maims 
oomini tetigit nos. 

From the mouth of Morys proceeds a scroll with these 

words : -tDnicus et trinus bone 3bu sis nobis 3 bus. 



Monumental Brasses. 



107 



Similarly from Sir Walter's mouth is a scroll on which is 
engraved the following :— $n tttltttate p'feCta Sit llObtS 

rcquies et et'na vita. 








PHPIIKJ 




Fig. 77. Morys Denys. 1505, Olveston. 

Inscription. — Below the figures is a plate of brass thus 
inscribed : — 

1ber lyetb buried in ye intoo' of tbe quere /ifcorys Denys, 
lEsqnyer, sonne ano ! beire of Sr (Bylbert Denys, IKnyqbt, loroe 
of tbe /Hbanor ofSlvestonanooftbc I /Ifoanerof Jroecote, ano also 
Sir TllUalter Denys, iknycibt, sonne ano beire to tbe | selb dfcorys 
Denys, JEsquyer, ye wbicbe Sr Salter Denys, oecesseo tbe 
first I Day of tbe /ifconetb of Septembre, in tbe uj. yere of tbe 



io8 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 



reignc of Ikgng Ibenrg the vtj., whose soules 3bu p'oon ante. 
2UI ve tbat tbisreoe ano see | of sor cbarite sege.for tbetr soulee 
a pater noster aito an ave. 

Heraldry. — On the tabard of Morys Denys (77) are the 
following armorial bearings: — "Quarterly — 1 . . . abend 
engrailed . . . between three leopard's faces, jessant de 
fleur delis. DENYS. — 2 . . . on a chief . . . thiee 
balls. — 3 Lozengy ... a chevron . . . — 4 . . 
a cross moline . . ." — Bigland, s. v., Olveston. 

No. 2 above (81) is Argent 
on a chief gules, three bezants, 
Russell, for Margaret, daugh- 
ter of Sir Maurice Russell, 
married to Sir Gilbert Denys, 
father of Morys Denys here 
commemorated. 

The same quarterings appear 
on a shield under Morys. (78) 
Sir Walter's tabard is 
charged with similar bearings, 
except that — 4 is "... a 
chevron .... between 

Fig. 78. Shield. 1505, Olveston. three roses . . ." — IHglaild; 

and the same shield is repeated beneath him. (79) 

Over Morys' head is a shield containing the Denys coat 
of arms, and (80) over Sir Walter's head is a shield charged 
with the Russel coat of 
arms. (81) 

Illustration. — In the vol- 
ume of the Anastatic Society's 
Publications for 1876 is a sketch 
of this interesting monument. 
Portions Lost. — None. 
Memoir. — "A pedigree in 
my possession says tha Sirt 
Walter Dennys, of Alveston, 
Siston, and Dyrham, which 
estates respectively came into 
hisfamily through the heiress of 
Fitzwarine, Corbet, and Russel, 
ought on the Lancastrian Fig. 79. Shield. 1505, Olveston. 





Monumental Brasses. 



109 



side, was taken prisoner at Redemore, near Bosworth, and 
had to pay a great ransom, ' his life being saved through his 
youngest son, John, then in the service of King Henry VII.' 
This Sir Walter Dennys married four times, but had no 
children by any of his wives excepting the second one, who was 
Agnes, the daughter and co-heiress of Sir Robert Danvers, or 
Davers, a Justice of the Common Pleas, who died 1467. Sir 





Fig. 80. Shield. 1505, Olveston. 



Fig. 81. Shield. 1505, Olveston. 



Walter died September 1, 1505. His third and youngest son, 
John Dennys or Dennis, was settled in the parish of Puckle- 
church, and died, I believe, in 1521. This John Dennis had a 
grandson, John Dennis of Pucklechurch, who died August 7, 
1609." — H. B. Tomkins in Notes and Queries 4th, S. IV. Aug. 
28, '69. p. 197. 

The will of Sir Walter is to be seen P.C.C. Adeane 9. 



xl v.— lecblafce. 



John Twinyhoe, merchant, founder of a chantry circa 
1476, deceased circa 1510, about four children, inscription, etc. 
lost. — Haines. 

Position. — On the floor in the centre of the nave. 

Size. — The effigy of the husband measures 3ft. 2in. by gin. 

Description.— John Twinyhoe wears long hair but his face 
is clean shaven. His tunic reaches to his ankles and is faced 



no Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

with fur, a customary garment among the civilians at the end 
of the 15th century and commencement of the 16th century. 
The large open sleeves hide the girdle which most probably he 
wore. The under-garment is seen at the neck, and again at 
the wrists, where its sleeves appear to be tightly buttoned. 
The feet are encased in the large square-toed shoes of the 
period. 

The figure is erect and slightly turned to his left with his 
hands uplifted in a prayerful attitude. 

Illustration. — Bigland's Gloucestershire ii. p. 144. 

Portions Lost. — The effigies of his 
wife and children, together with the 
marginal inscription, two scrolls, and 
four plates, on which were most 
probably the evangelistical symbols, 
have disappeared. The matrix of his 
merchant's mark shews that his ' mark' 
was ' in the shape of a tau cross com- 
bined with a Latin cross. (82) 

Biograpliical Account. — In the 
Prerogative Court of Canterbury 14 
Fig. 82. Merchant's Mark. Logge (1485) occurs the will of John 
c 1510, Lechiade. Twinyhoe of Cirencester. 



xlvi.— flDincbinbampton. 

John Hampton, gent., 1556, and wife Elyn in shrouds, 
with 6 sons and 3 daughters (^the eldest dame Alice), engraved 
circa 1510. — Haines. 

Position. — Rudder, in his History of Gloucestershire, 1799, 
records that this monument was on a flat stone in the north 
aisle ; but it is now to be found affixed to the north wall at the 
west end of the church. 

Size. — 4ft. x 2ft. 3in. 

Description. — Though the date on this brass is 1556, Mr. 
Haines in his Manual says that it was engraved about 1510, 
and the date 1556 subsequently added. 

This memorial presents a marked contrast to all those 
which have been previously described in these columns. On 
all the brasses hitherto noticed, the effigies of the persons 





Fig. 83. John Hampton. 

C 1510, Minchinhampton. 



112 



Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 



represented were engraven as they appeared in life, but John 

and Elyn Hampton are represented in their shrouds. 

The shrouds are tied above and below the figures, which 

are recumbent 

" In an attitude of prayer," 

but the head of the husband is turned a little to his left (83), 

and the head of the wife is turned a little to her right ; the 

wife being on her husband's left hand. 

On the Continent it was customary to represent the deceased 

enshrouded, even as early as the commencement of the 14th 

century. An example may be seen at Bruges of the date 

1339, and very probably this fashion was introduced from the 

Continent into England, where the fashion found much favour. 
Below the inscription are two groups of 
children, six sons under the father, and 
three daughters under the mother. The 
eldest son is clothed in the garb of a 
monk (84). This is very interesting, as the 
brasses of monks are seldom met with. This 
is not to be wondered at considering the 
vows made by them on entering the Order, 
fkkUHWW and especiall} the one ol poverty by which 

IzAkMN tn<; >' VV(,|( ' bound. This son, whose name is 

is not given, wears the tonsure, and closely 
cropped hair, a large hood 
or cowl, and a long vestment 
with long open .sleeves 

similar to the surplice-sleeves of that date. 

The remaining four sons wear a loose-fitting 

gown, without fur facings. The sleeves are 

ample and very wide at the wrist Their 

hair is long. 

The eldest daughter Alice is dressed as a 

nun (85). She wears the veil headdress, a 

cape over her shoulders, a mantle open in 

front revealing her gown with tight sleeves? 

and girt by a loose hip girdle, from which 

hangs in front a rosary of 14 beads. The 

other two daughters were probably young at 

the time of the execution of the brass, or had died young, for they 

are represented bareheaded with flowing hair, reaching below 




Fig. 84. 

Eldest Son. 

C 1510, 

Minchinhampton. 




•5llUllSMt> 



Fig. 85. 

Alice Hampton. 

C 1510, 

Minchinhampton. 



Monumental Brasses. 



ii3 



the waist. Their gowns fit the body well, with close sleeves. 
All the children are erect with hands upraised in prayer, the 
sons being turned a little to their left to face the daughters 
who are turned to their right ; the eldest son and daughter 
being of a larger size than the others. 

Inscription. — On a plate of brass beneath the effigies is 
this inscription : — 

©f \?o cbarite prav? for tbe soulcs of 3-obn Ibampton 
gentilman, jElgn bis wgf | all tbeir cbUfcren, specially for 
tbe soulc of Dame Blice Ibampton bis Daugb | tci\ wbicbe 
was rtcjbt bcncficiall to tbts cburcb, p'isb, wbicbe 3-obn 
occesseo I in tbe \?ere of 1 loro m° ccceclvj, on whose soules 
ibu bane mercy, amen. 

The letters clvj were evidently added at a later period, so 
that the brass may have been engraved at an earlier date even 
than that assigned by Mr. Haines, perhaps at the end of the 
15th century. 

Illustration. — Dame Alice will be found in Haines' Manual 
i., lxxxvii. 

Portions Lost. — None. 

Memoir. — Sir R. Atkyns (p. 237) says that John Hampton 
was High Sheriff of Gloucestershire in the reign of King 
Edward II. Sir R. Bigland (ii., p. 6), quoting Fuller, reports 
that "in 1314, King Edward II., John de Hampton was 
Sheriff of this county, and was continued for four years." 
A Sir William Hampton was sheriff of London in 1462, and 
Mayor in 1472. Fosbroke Gloucestershire i., 375, records that 
" Amberley is a large tract of common given to poor house- 
keepers by the supposed benefaction of Alice Hampton, 
daughter of John Hampton," and, according to Bigland, " her 
Will or Deed of Gift is said to be preserved among the 
Tower Records." 

" The monastery of Syon was founded by Henry V. in 
1414. It was established according to the modified order of 
St. Saviour and St. Bridget. As the monastery had the 
manor of Minchinhampton granted it by its founder, it is 
most probable that Dame Alice Hampton was a member of 
that society." — Haines L, lxxxviii. 

xLVii.— cbeltenbam. 

[Sir William Greville, of Arle Court, justice of Common 



ii4 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

Pleas], 1513, and wife [daughter of ?] with 3 sons and 

8 daughters. Chancel. — Haines. 

Position. — On the floor near the font, it was originally in 
the chancel, and in its present position it is liable to much 
injury for it is at the bottom of a step. 

Size. — 4 ft. 2 in. X 2 ft. 8 in. 

Description. — In this county are four " brasses " commem- 
orating judges, viz., Sir John Cassy, Deerhurst, 1400 ; Sir 
John Juyn. Bristol, St. Mary Redcliffe, 1439 ; Sir William 
Greville, and John Brook, St. Mary Redcliffe, 1522. This 
brass is so much worn, that it is with great difficulty that the 
various lines incised on its surface can be determined. On his 
head Sir William wears the coif which became a distinguishing 
feature in the costume of a serjeant-at-law. But the Judicature 
Act has extinguished that order, and all judges created since 
1873 have their white wigs unspotted with that circular 
black patch, which was one of the relics of the middle ages. 

Following the custom of the times Sir William's hair is 
long, reaching to his shoulders. Round his neck is a tippet, 
and he wears a long robe with narrow sleeves, and over it a 
mantle fastened on the left shoulder. The shoes are large and 
round-toed. There seems to be a gypciere, but the brass is 
too much worn to distinguish it plainly. 

His lady wears the then fashionable pedimental headdress, 
a long close-fitting gown, tight sleeves with deeply reflexed 
fur cuffs, and a loose hip girdle. 

Under Sir William are three sons, in long tunics, with 
large bell sleeves. The hair is reaching the shoulders but cut 
to form a fringe across the forehead ; the shoes are wide. 

Beneath the wife are eight daughters dressed somewhat 
similar to their mother ; but the robe is not so long, and thus 
it may be noticed that the girls as well as the boys wore 
wide-toed shoes. 

All the figures are erect, with hands clasped in prayer. 
Sir William is turned to his left to look towards his wife who 
is turned to her right. In like manner the sons are turned to 
their left and the daughters to their right. 

Illustrations. — None known. 

Portions Lost. —More than half of the marginal inscription. 
The whole brass is very much worn. 



Monumental Brasses. i r 5 

Inscription. — Round the verge are these words: — 
" an5 Slavgbter wbtcbc Kiuillam becessfo tbc ij cap I of 
/Iftaccbe tbc iiij lh gere of tbe reigne of Iking Ibenrg tbe vtij." 

This stone has been utilised at a later date by the addition 
of a brass plate (16 in. xn| in.) bearing this inscription : — 
" Neare lieth ye Body of Elizabeth 
Wife of William French Gent & 
daughter of ye Rev. James Ingram 
D.D. & formerly Rector of Whittington 
in this County she died ye last of his 
Fourteen Children on ye 10th of Septr 
in ye 65th year of her age, and in ye 

year of our Lord 1727. 
Also ye body of Margarett the 
daughter of ye abovesaid Eliz. French 
she died the 15 March 1729 aged 44." 
Biographical Account. — "William Greville, son of Richard 
Greville, Esq., of Leamington in Gloucestershire, attained the 
sergeant's coif in November, 1504. He was made a judge of 
the Common Pleas on May 21st, 1509, 1 Hen. VIII., and so 
remained till 1513, when he died, and was buried in Cheltenham 
Church, where there is a monument to his memory." — Foss, 
Judges of England, p. 311. 

17 Mar., 1513, Letter to Abp. of Canterbury, Chancellor 
— Walter Rowdon to be keeper of the Rolls in the Co. of 
Gloucester, vice Wm. Grevile, late justice of the Common 
Pleas. 

Fosbrooke (II. 374) says that " Arle near Cheltenham 
belonged to a family which took their name from that place. 
Robert Greville married — daughter and co-heiress of John 
Arle (Hart MS. 6174) and sold this estate to his brother 
William, a judge of the Common Pleas, 2 Hen. VIII., whose 
sole daughter and heiress took it to Sir Richard Lygon. 
(Lygon Pedigree in Nash's Worcestershire, &c.) " 

His will is in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 12 
Fetiplace. 

xlviii.— Eisles. 

Katherine, wife of Thomas Sewell, 15 15, with five sons 
and seven daughters. Nave.— Haines. 



ii6 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

Position. — On a ledger stone close to the north side of the 
Chancel Arch. 

Size. — 3 ft. X i ft. 6 in. 

Description.— This lady is attired in the usual dress of the 
times. She is represented full face, and consequently only the 
long front lappets of her kennel headdress are shewn: they 
are plain and reach half way down the arms, concealing the 
shoulders. As in the preceding examples the gown is tight- 
fitting, and cut low at the neck, where is a border of fur. 
The sleeves are of uniform breadth, fitting closely to the 
wrist ; the cuffs are of fur, slashed underneath, and long 
enough to reach nearly to the elbow. At the neck is seen the 
kirtle beneath the gown. Beneath the lower fur border of 
the skirt of the gown peep the tips of her large round-toed 
shoes. The waist is encircled hy a loose hip girdle, long and 
fastened in front. The pendant and buckle are made of 
ornamental metal work ; and the tongue of the latter passes 
behind the embroidered front of the girdle, probably through 
loops made in the back to receive it. 

Beneath the inscription are two groups of children, five 
sons on the left and seven daughters on the right. The sons 
have long hair, loose tunics reaching to the ankle and open in 
front with wide sleeves. The daughters are represented bare 
headed, and the hair of the last reaches far below her waist : 
they wear long gowns but high necked. Both the sons and 
daughters are wearing the then fashionable round-toed shoes. 
The figures are all erect, with hands in a prayerful attitude, 
the sons being turned a little to their right, and the daughters 
a little to their left. 

Inscription. — Beneath the figure is a plate of brass on 
which is engraved this inscription : — 

fl>ra\? for tbe soule of Ikatervm Sewell late tbe 
W.\}t of ftbomas Sewell. wbtcbe ftatergn 5e= 
cesseo tbe vitj Dag of January tbe gere of o r lord 
/Iftv jy>, on whose soule 3-bu baue mercp, ante. 

Illustration.— None known. 

Portions Lost. — None. 

Biographical Account. — According to Rudder, she lived at 
Ferrie's Court, near Upper Lypiatt. 

In the P.C.C. 23 Spert is the will of Thomas Sewell of 
Strode, dated 1543. 



Monumental Brasses,. 



117 



xlix. jEastinoton. 

Elizabeth [daughter of Sir William] Knevet [1518] in 
heraldic mantle, marginal inscription mutilated ; chancel.- — 
Haines. 

Position. — On a ledger stone in front of the altar rails. 
Size. — 4 ft. 8 in. x 1 ft. 8 in. 

Description. — Elizabeth Knevet wears the pedimental head 
dress with the front lappets embroidered with quatrefoils. 

It may have been noticed that knights and squires occasion- 
ally displayed their armorial bearings on the tabard which 
they wore over their armour, e.g., Alorys Denys and his son 
Sir Walter, wear tabards. Ladies, too, wore arms on their 
dresses, and more especially on the mantle. 

This mantle is fastened by a cord which passes through 
the loops at the back of the fermailes, and hangs down in 
front, the two ends terminating in tassels. Not much is to be 
seen of the underdress, the cuffs and collar are made of fur. 
The shoes are large and round-toed (87). 

Heraldry. — The brass of Elizabeth Knevet (now being 
described) is quoted by Mr. Haines [Manual, i., p. cxiii.) as 
" a good example of a lady in an heraldic mantle." It bears 
the following arms — " Quarterly 1, Argent, a Bend Sable, 
within a Bordure engrailed Azure, Knevet. 2, Argent, a 
Bend Azure, and chief Gules, Cromwell. 3, Chequy Or and 
Gules, a chief Ermine, Tatshall. 4, Chequy Or and Gules, 
a Bend Ermine, De Cailly or Clifton. 5, Paly or six within 
a Bordure bezante .... 6, Bendy of six, a Canton. . 
." — Bigland's Gloucestershire, p. 539. 

At each corner is a coat of arms ; 
Nos. 1 and 4 (86) are on ordinary 
shields, 2 and 3 on lozenges. Nos. 
1 and 3 (86) are charged with the 
same bearings as are on her mantle. 
No. 2 on a lozenge quarterly. 
1, Knevet. 2, Cromwell. 3, Tatshall. 
4, Cailli. 5, De Woodstock. 6, Paly 
of six within a bordure. 7, Bendy 
of six, a canton. 8, or a chevron 
gules, Stafford. o, Azure, a Bend 

Fig. 86 Shield 1518. & . ' , , JJ . y r ' . ' 

Eastiington. cotised between six Lioncels rampant, 





87, FlizaWh Knevet. 

15 18, Easiingion. 



Monumental Brasses. 



ng 



or De liohun. No. 4 similar to No. 1, with the omission of 
2 and 3. 

Inscription. — Round the verge was the following inscription, 
the portion now missing, in brackets, being supplied from 
Bigland : — 

1bcre l\?etb I Elisabeth IRncvet, baugb[ter of Sir lUill 
fmevet] ftnfgbt wbicbe Elisabeth oeccsseo the first bag ot 
•jRovcmbrc in 1 [tbe pere of our Xoro (?oo /Ifo.S). anb rvtii On 
wbose soule Jeeu bave /lberc\2. amen.] 

Illustration. — Haines' Manual, i., p. cxiii. 





Fig. 88. Shield. 

1518. Eastington. 



Fig. 89. Shield. 

1518, Eastington. 



Portions Lost. — Part of the inscription. 

Memoir. — " She was the daughter of Sir William Knevet, 
Knight, of Buchenham Castle, in the county of Norfolk, by 
Joan, his second wife, sister of Edward, Duke of Buckingham, 
commonly styled Lady Beaumont." — Blomefield's Norfolk. 
vol. i.,p. 257. 

The will of Sir William Knevet is in the P.C.C. F 18 
Holder. 



l.— Gloucester. St. fllMcbael. 

William Henshawe, bell-founder [5 times] mayor [1503- 
1520] and wives Alys 1519, and Agnes, male effigy and about 
three sons and three daughters lost. Nave. — Haines. 

Position. — Originally on a ledger stone in the Nave, but 
now affixed to the west Wall of the south aisle. 



120 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

Size. — 2 ft. ii in. x 2 ft. 6 in. There is now only 6 in. 
space between the wives ; but before the memorial was 
moved from the floor there was a space of 14 in. between 
them. 

Description.— Rev. W. C. Lukis, M.A.,F.S.A., in his very 
interesting paper on The Bell-Foundry at Gloucester, which 
appeared in " The Journal of the British Archaeological 
Association," 1871, gives the following particulars : — 

" It is remarkable how little information of a positive kind 
has come down to us respecting bell-founders prior to the 
reign of Henry VIII. We have to feel our way in the dark 
in the pursuit of faint glimmerings of facts, and frequently 
meet with disappointment where we hoped to be satisfied. 
We should like to gaze upon a mediaeval bell founder of the 
West of England, to study his physiognomy and to notice 
any peculiarity in his dress ; and in Gloucester we meet with 
disappointment. In St. Michael's Church William Henshaw 
was buried, and a sepulchral brass records the decease of his 
first wife Alice. The brass was laid down in the husband's 
lifetime and a space was left for the date of his own decease. 
The figures of the two wives remain, but that of the founder 
exists no longer. 

" Fortunately we have examples at Norwich of brass 
effigies of two bell-founders named Brasyer, of the exact date 
of William Henshawe, and from these we may obtain a notion 
of his figure. There is nothing to distinguish the bell-founder 
from civilians of the period. He is habited in long furred 
robe, and wears very broad-toed shoes. He is represented 
with his hands raised in prayer ; and from his girdle hangs a 
rosary on the left side, and a gypciere or pouch on the right. 
His hair is flowing to his shoulders, parted in the middle, and 
cut square over the eyebrows. In the North of England is 
another example of a bell-founder's portrait, viz., in the 
curious and most interesting 'bell window' in the north aisle 
of York Minster. This window is of three lights, and in the 
lower compartment of the centre one is a representation of 
Richard Tunnock, bell-founder, on his knees, making an 
offering of the window to the Archbishop of York, who is 
seated in front of him. A label bears the founder's name, and 
his craft is designated by a bell upon his pouch, and he carries 
a bell in his right hand. 



Monumental Brasses. 121 

" As a set off to the disappointment alluded to, I am able 
to say that through the civility of Mr. Ferry, of Eastgate 
street, I saw, about ten years ago, a portion of William 
Henshawe's house, in which, if it still exist, there is a large 
room with a panelled ceiling of the 15th century, and also his 
coat of arms in a window of the same room. I expected to 
meet with a disappointment at that period, for I was told not 
to put any faith in Counsell's statement (see his History of 
Gloucester) that the bell-founder's arms are still preserved in 
two windows there. One shield, however, remains in a 
window as stated above, and the other I found in a dark 
cellar, somewhat mutilated, but in sufficiently good preser- 
vation to show what it was, viz., azure on a chevron between 
three lozenges argent, the same number of bells sable, and 
above them a laver pot.* It is probable that the shield 
remaining in the window is a model of the original one which 
I found in the cellar, and that the remnant is one of the two 
alluded to by Counsell. At a comparatively recent period the 
shield seems to have been repaired, and the tincture of the 
field, perhaps, changed from gules to azure, gules being the 
tincture given by Burke as belonging to Henshawe's arms." 

Though the effigy of the husband has disappeared, yet the 
effigies of his two wives still remain. They are dressed very 
similarly with the exception of the belt. They wear the 
kennel headdress : — then it was the custom to hide as far as 
practicable all the hair on a woman's head, not even a stray 
curl was allowed to betray the natural wealth, so that brown 
locks and golden were equally out of fashion, artificial adorn- 
ments were in vogue, not to aid the natural ones, but even to 
conceal them altogether. The lappets of their headdresses 
are richly embroidered with a diaper pattern and are long. 
A close-fitting gown with a high bodice and tight sleeves 
encases each, and falls in folds from the waist to the ground. 
Its lower edge is adorned with fur, and the cuffs are also 
purfled with the same. Beneath the gown emerge just the 
tips of their wide square-toed shoes. A broad embroidered 
band hangs loosely round the hips of each. On the lady to 
the left it is short and terminates in three rosettes, from 



* Mr. Lukis says in a foot-note that he " had these shields releaded, and 
returned them to Mr. Ferry and I trust," he adds, "that they have been treated 
with proper respect." 



122 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

which hangs a short chain to which is fastened an ornament. 
On the lady to the right the girdle is long, the tongue passes 
behind the front of the buckle and reaches nearly to the 
feet and finishes in a long pendant. The ladies are both erect 
and looking towards each other with hands in ihe supplicating 
attitude so usual. 

Inscription.— On the plate of brass beneath them is the 
following legend : 

fl>ra£ for tbesoull of Will' m Ibensbawe JSelfounoer, ano late 
matte of tbts Sowne, ano Hl^s I ano Bgnes bis wgfes, tbe wbtcbe 
Tldiirm oecesseO tbe oag of in tbe gee | of our loro (5oo a 
thousand CCCCC 8, tbe seto Blss oecesseo tbe seconoe oa£ of 

1 ffebruarg, tbe gere of or loro ml vc iij for wbose soulee of 
gor cbartte sag a pater nost' 8. a ave. 

Illustrations. — I know of none. 

Portions Lost. — The effigies of husband and children. The 
Rev. H. Haines. M.A. (Manual i. exxx.) records that " the 
device of a bell and melting pot on three legs " was on this 
brass. 

Memoir. — William Henshawe was a bell-founder, but in 
Church Bells of Gloucestersiiire, by Rev. H. T. Ellacombe, 
M.A., there is no mention of any bells cast by him. Henshawe 
was Sheriff of Gloucester in 1496 and 1501, and Mayor in 1503, 
1508, and 1509. 

The Rev. VV. C. Lukis is of an opinion that the fifth and 
sixth bells in the cathedral, and the curfew bell of St. Nicholas 
Churcii were cast by him. 

In the Letters of Henry VIII. vol. i, p. 191, the recognisance 
of William Henshawe of Gloucester, bell-founder to appear 
before the Council is cancelled, 25 Oct., 1510. 

Li.— /iDtncbinbampton. 

Edward Halyday, 1519, and wife Margery, with merchant's 
mark. — Haines. 

Position. — On the north wall in the tower. 

Size. — 3 ft. 9 in. x 1 ft. 8 in. Husband, 3 ft. high. Wife, 

2 ft. 6 in. high. 

Description. — Edward Halyday has long clubbed hair 
covering the ears with a fringe, and he is clean shaven. His 
outer garment consists of a long loose gown reaching to his 
ankles ; it is thrown open both above and below the waist, 



Monumental Brasses. 123 

exposing to view the fur lining. The sleeves of the gown are 
loose, and hanging round the cuffs is a broad band of fur. 
Beneath this gown the underdress is seen fitting closely to the 
neck, and the tight-fitting sleeves of the same are to be seen at 
the wrists. He wears broad toed shoes which are fastened 
across the instep. Margery Halyday is represented in the then 
fashionable kennel or pedimental headdress, the left hand front 
lappet is the only one shown and this is embroidered. She 
wears a tight-fitting dress, with a narrow collar, the lower 
portion is so arranged in folds as to show the toes of her round 
shoes. The sleeves have large reflex cuffs lined with fur. 
The broad loose hip-girdle instead of being buckled, terminates 
in three rosettes, from these hangs a metal chain to which is 
fastened a metal pendant. 

The figures are disproportionate in size, the effigy of the 
wife hardly reaching to her husband's shoulder. They are 
both erect, with hands together in supplication. Edward 
Halyday is full face, whilst Margery is turned to her right so 
as to look towards her husband. 

The merchant's mark (90) is engraved 
on a disk, and consists of a double cross on 
a globe with E. H. on the sides. 

When the brass was relaid this disk was 
turned upside down. Probably at the same 
time the scrolls proceeding from the mouths 
of both of the figures disappeared. When ,, Flg- ?°- , 

rr Merchant s Mark. 

Mr. J. D. T. Niblett rubbed this brass in 1519 

1868 the labels had not then disappeared, Minchin ham P ton. 
and he very kindly told me that on the man's were these 
words :—Misere met de scdm magna mcordia tua. On his wife's 
were: — Illuiet vultu suu sup' nos &> mis'eatr ji'ri., i.e., Let his 
countenance lighten upon us and pity us. 

Inscription. — Beneath the figures is a brass plate on which 
is engraved the following two-line inscription : — 

©ff gor cbarite prag for tbe soule of Eowaro Ifoaleoage ano 
/Iftargen? | 
bis wgf wbicb JEowaroe oecessto tbe v>j oag of Bprtll B° oni 

Illustrations. — None known. 

Portions Lost. — The scrolls mentioned above. 

Memoir. — The wills of both Edward and Margery Halyday 




124 



Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 



are in the P.C.C., the former being 20 Ayloffe (1519) and the 
latter 32 Fetiplace (1514.) 

li i.— Deerburst. 

A lady circa 1520, not recorded by Rev. H. Haines. 
Position. — On the floor at the east end of the North Aisle. 
Size. — 2 ft. 5 in. x 8 in. 

Description. — She is wearing the kennel, pedimental or 
diamond shaped headdress, in all its wonted stiffness and 
angularity ; the lappets are adorned with a check pattern. The 
body is clothed in the tight-fitting dress of the 
period fastened in front, at the fastening from 
the waist upward is a narrow edge of fur, which 
is continued round the neck. The sleeves are 
tight-fitting, with deep reflex cuffs lined with 
fur. At the neck is seen the plaited top of her 
underdress. Round the hips hangs a broad 
loose girdle fastened by two rosettes in front 
from them depends a long chain at the end 
of which is a pomander (91). The figure is 
full-faced with hands in prayer. 
Illustrations.— None known. 
Portions Lost. — All that remains is a three-quarter length 
of a female figure ; of what the original memorial consisted is 
unknown. This portion was found during the restoration of 
the church by the rector, Rev. G. Butterworth, M.A. 




Fig. 91. 

Pendant, c 1520 
Deerhurst. 



li 1 1.— Dowfceswell. 

A priest circa 1520, in cope with two evangelistic symbols, 
inscription lost, relaid.— Haines. 

Position. — On a ledger stone in the chancel. 

Size. — 3 ft. 8 in. x 1 ft. 7 in. 

Description. — His hair is long, covering the ears and 
clubbed, it is cut straight across the forehead, and the tonsure, 
though slight, is clearly shown. The phest is habited in 
processional vestments, viz., a long flowing cassock reaching to 
the ground and entirely concealing the feet, a full plaited 
surplice rather shorter with immense sleeves, around the neck 
the almuce, and over all a cope fastened across the breast by 
a square morse (92). 




Monumental Brasses. 125 

The cope is very slightly longer than the surplice and is 
richly diapered with fleur de lys in lozenges ; the orphrey is 
adorned with a zigzag pattern. Rudder in his History says 
" the figure is not represented in the dress of an ecclesiastic, 
but in a robe semee with mullets and fleur de lis, which 
denote him to be of the family of Rogers ; " whilst Bigland 
asserts that the " robe is diapered with roses and fleur de lis 
inserted in the interstices, but no mullets as 
has been said." He adds that " the ingenious 
Mr. Gough [Sepulchral Mon. p. 157] asserts 
it to be the exact counterpart of Robert 
Eglesfield.* founder of Queen's College, 
Oxford, only smaller, who died in xiv. century." " ., 

' J ' _ * Fig 92 Morse. 

The morse (92) or brooch is engraved with c 1520. 

a rose en soleil. Beneath the sleeves of the Dowdeswell. 
cassock are visible at the wrists the tightly fitting sleeves of 
an under vestment, fastened underneath. 

The priest is full face with hands in prayer. 

Below are two panels with a margin of quatrefoils contain- 
ing the evangelistic symbols i of St. Matthew and St. Luke. 

Illustration. — None. 

Portions Lost. — Inscription and the two symbols of 
St. Mark and St. John. 

Memoir. — Atkyns calls it "an effigies, in brass of an abbot 
of Hayles," which is denied by Rudder, who, as may be seen 
above, thinks it belongs to a civilian of the Rogers family. 

The late Rev. T. P. Wadley, very kindly sent me the 
following notes with respect to this brass. 

A subsidy roll in the Bishop's Registry at Worcester, dated 
1513, gives under Dowdeswell : — 

" Sir William Woodxvarde, rector (taxed) xxs. 
Sir Gervaze Can'ton chaplain vjs. viijd. 
Canton-Canerton ? or Caverton ? " 

In the library at Lambeth Mr. Wadley found in 
Archbishop Morton's register, folio 12, that Sir John Choo is 
mentioned as rector of the church or curate of the chapel of 
Dowdeswell in the year 1487, so that this brass may com- 
memorate one of the foregoing priests. 



* This is an error of Gough's. The figure at Queen's College represents 
Dr. Uobert Langton. c. 1518. 
f Vide No. XI, Quinton. 



126 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

liv.— ikempsforfc. 

Walter Hichman, 1521, and wife Cristyan, with four sons, 
Thomas, John (both lost), Robert, John. Marginal inscription, 
Chancel. — Haines. 

Position. — On a ledger stone on the south side of the 
Communion Table. 

Size. — J ft. 11 in. x 3 ft. 3 in. 

Description. — Walter Hichman wears his hair long, and so 
cut as if to form a square border for the face. In accordance 
with the custom of that century he is clean shaven. 

The outer garment consists of a long gown lined with fur: 
thrown open across the shoulders and also open down the front, 
the sleeves are long and wide, turned back at the wrists 
where the fur lining is shown. The gown is loose and 
unconfined by a girdle. The underdress has embroidered 
collar and sleeves ; the skirt reaches nearly to the knees, and a 
narrow band keeps it in place at the waist ; the rest is hidden 
by the gown. Tight-fitting stockings encase the legs, and low 
shoes with wide toes complete his attire. The figure is bare- 
headed, erect, and slightly inclined to his left to look towards 
his wife. 

Cristyan Hichman wears the widow's cap, over which is 
thrown the veil headdress, so that very probably she survived 
her husband. Her dress is tight-fitting 
with a narrow collar. It is long but so 
arranged as to show the tips of her wide- 
toed shoes. She has a hip girdle fastened 
in front by three rosettes, from which no 
pendant hangs, as was usually the custom. 
Like her husband she is erect with hands 
upraised in prayer. Beneath were the 
effigies of four sons, but two have dis- 
appeared ; the remaining two are dressed 
similar to their father, but without the 
fur lining to the gown. 
Merchant s.Mark. Above the representations of husband 

1521. Kempsiord. an d w ife is a plate containing the mer- 
chant's mark (93) : — a double tau cross on a triangle. 

At each corner of the marginal inscription is a circular disk 
on which is engraved an evangelistic symbol. 




Monumental Brasses. 127 

Inscription. — 

(A winged eatfe) off goitre cbaritc prag for tbc soule of Walt, I 
(an angel) ibicbmaii bere burgD wbtcb oecessto tbe uvijtb 
oav> of September, tbe jiijtb v>ere of tbe return of 1K\2ng Ibenrg 
tbe viijtb anno 5ni— (winged ox) /ifttllmo CCCCCo £il°«£ for tbe 
soule of Cristgan -(winged Hon) bis wpffe wbicb bao to geoo' 
ittj sonnes vis., Sbom's, 3obn, IRobert ano 5obn, on wbots 
soules & all pen* I soul ibu bave niercv?.— Bmen. 

Illustration . — None. 

Portions Lost. — The two effigies of the children under the 
husband, and his left toe ; otherwise the brass is in splendid 
preservation. 

Memoir. — His will is to be seen in the P.C.C. 20 
Maynwaring. 

lv.— Bristol. St. fll>ar£ IReocliff. 

John Brook, sergeant-at-law and justice of assize in the 
West of England for Henry VIII., also chief steward of the 
Monastery of Glastonbury, 1522, and wife Joan, daughter and 
heiress of Richard Amerike. Chancel. — Haines. 

Position. — On ledger stone in chancel. 

Size. — 3 ft. 6 in X 2 ft. 9 in. 

Description. — His head is wholly covered by a cap or coif, 
which seems to be fastened beneath the chin. His hair is long 
and flowing, and is seen on his shoulders escaping from 
beneath the coif, and again it appears as a narrow fringe over 
the forehead. The face is clean shaven, and he is represented 
as an old man by the wrinkles shown. He wears his official 
robes as a sergeant-at-law, which were very similar to the 
judicial costume of the period ; though sergeants-at-law were 
not allowed to wear the mantle or minever. Across his 
shoulders is a tippet, and over it a hood, from which depended 
two labels behind. His outer gown reaches below the 
knees, and is much plaited ; the sleeves of it are very deep, but 
there is no fur lining shown. At the wrists are the closely 
buttoned sleeves of his underdress, the skirt of which comes 
below his gown and reaches his ankles. The feet are shod 
with the then fashionable round-toed shoes. 

The dress of his wife is in the fashion which prevailed at 
the period ot her death. She wears the kennel headdress, the 

"Christian. 



£28 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

front lappets being embroidered. The tight-fitting gown sits 
close up to the neck, with a turn-down pointed collar : the fur 
cuffs are pointed and long, reaching to the elbows. The gown is 
arranged in folds over her feet, so as to show the toes of her 
wide shoes. Round her hips hangs loosely an embroidered girdle, 
the fastening in front is concealed by two rosettes; from these 
depends a chain, to which is attached a metal pomander. Both 
husband and wife are erect with hands joined' in prayer, the 
husband being slightly turned to his left looking towards his 
wife, who is doing the same. 

Inscription. — The figures stand on a plate of brass bearing 
this inscription: — 

1bic iacct Corpus Wenerabilis vfri Job'ts JSroofc quondam 
seuient' ad legem ^llustrisstmt | principle fellcis memorie 
IRegis ibenrici ©ctaui et Jnsticiam euisdem iRegis ad 
assteas in | p'tfbs occidentals anglte ac Capitalis Senescalli 
illius bonorrabilis domus ct monas I tarij jBeatc flSarie de 
©lasconiain Com' Som'cett qui quidemjobes obijt jjv° die /iben 
I sis Dccembris anno d'ni milfesimo quingentesimo jjij et 
iujta cum IRequiescit Sobanna | ujor etus una filtaru et beredu 
IRicbardi SmeriRC quo3 aiabj p'ptctetur deus. amen. 

It may be rendered into English thus : — 

" Here lies the body of that venerable man John Brook, 
sergeant-at-law of that most illustrious prince of happy memory 
King Henry VIII., and Justice of Assize for the same King in 
the western parts of England, and Chief Steward of the 
honorable house and monastery of the Blessed Mary of 
Glastonbury, in the County of Somerset, which John died on 
the 25th day of the month of December, in the year of our Lord 
one thousand five hundred and twenty-two. And near him 
rests Johanna his wife, one of the daughters and heirs of 
Richard Amerike, on whose souls may God have mercy. Amen.' 

Heraldry. — The arms are stated by Barrett to be " gules, 
on a chevron wavy argent three fleur-de-lis." 

Illustrations. — None. 

Portions Lost. — Seemingly none, and the brass is in excellent 
condition; yet Mr. Justin Simpson says that there was "at 
the lower dexter corner— Baron and femme the first of two 
coats per pale, Cobham of Cobham, a crescent for difference, 
and the second gules on a chevron argent a lion rampant sable 
crowned or, armed and langued of the first Brook impaling 
quarterly, Cobham, second and third argent seven mascles 
conjoined 3, 3 and 1 gules Braybrook. fourth Brook." 



Monumental Brasses. 



129 



Memoir. — The inscription gives a short account of John 
Brook, whose son David was a judge ; David was born at 
Glastonbury, so that very probably John had settled there. In 
1500 John Brook's father lived at Canynge House in Redclilf 
street, Bristol. 

lvl— iRewent (also (&ueo3ele$ ano Ifoempsteao.) 

Roger Porter, Esq., 1523, small, South Chancel. — Haines. 

Position. — On a ledger stone of Purbeck marble at the east 
end of the south chancel. 

Size. — The height of the figure is 17-^ inches. 

Description. — Roger Porter is represented bare headed with 
long hair and in the armour of the period. His face is clean 
shaven. His armour consists almost wholly of plate, though 
mail is shown at the armpits and insteps, in addition he wears 
a skirt of mail below his tuiles. A steel gorget encircles his 
throat, while over each shoulder the upper edges of the 
paldrons are curved outwards in such a degree as to prevent 
the head from being struck off by a sweeping horizontal blow. 
The breast-plate has atapul, and to it is fastened a short skirt 
of taces to which are buckled four ornamental tuiles, three of 
which are shown. The arms are encased in plate with large 
coudieres, but the hands are left bare. The cuisses and 
jambarts are plain but the genouilieres are large. In the heels 
of his broad-toed steel sabbatons are screwed his rowelled 
spurs ; straight by his left side hangs his sword whilst a dagger 
is fixed to his right side. 

The figure is erect slightly turned to his left and with hands 
raised in prayer. 

Inscription. — Beneath his feet is a 
long narrow plate of brass bearing these 
words : — 

©f sour cbaritv? pras for tbe soull of 
IRoger i>orter Bsquser \vb I £cb iRoger 
oiseasEO itbe i*v> oa^ of Bpriell tbe gere 
of our loro I ©00 /ifoDcjsiii on wbosc soull 
ibu bave meres, amen. 

Heraldry. — At the four corners of 
the stone were four shields, those on 
his left have disappeared, the ones on 
his right (94) are thus charged : — 

" Quarterly 1st and 4th, Gules five merlions in saltire 




Shield. 
New en t. 



130 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 



argent, Porter. 2nd and 3rd, Argent three bars sable all 
over all as many ropes coiled, or, Albany." 

The late Mr. J. D. T. Niblett. F.S.A.. of Haresfield Court 
furnished the above particulars of the Porter coat of arms. 

Illustrations. — None. 

Portions Lost. — Two shields. 

Memoir. — Roger Porter was one of the Commissioners for 
Gaol Delivery at Gloucester Castle, 29 Oct., 1511. His will 
is in P.C.C. 7 Bodfelde. 

QUEDGELEY. 

This memorial consists of a shield with an inscription 
beneath in black letter. 

Inscription. — The inscription beneath the shield is : 

mere tbfs place Igetb bun?eo ge bodies of tfreoeswio porter 
S. Man? porter oougbters to Brtbur porter JEsquper ano Bigs 
bis IWgffe Bno /ifollDcnrrjj on wbose soules ano all crtsten 3bu 

bav>e meres ante | 

Heraldry. — The shield (95) 
is Porter impaling Arnold : 

1. Porter Gules, five mer- 
lions wings in saltire Argent. 

2. Hayward, Argent three 
helmets close Sable. 3. Albany, 
Argent three bars Sable over 
all as many ropes coiled Or. 
4. Porter, as before. 1. 
Arnold, Gules a chevron 
Ermine between three pheons 
Or. 2. Madoc-ap-Ryn, Gules, 
a chevron between three hawks 
lures Argent. 3. Madoc-ap-Ryn, 




Fig. 95. Shield. 
i53 2 Quedgeley. 



as before. 4 Arnold, as before. 

HEMPSTEAD. 

A similar shield on the memorial to Nicholas Porter ; the 
legend being : 

1Rere tbfs place l^etb burgee tbe booses et IRicbolas porter, 
1bcnr\?, IRoger, and mtcbolas, junr. CcciUg and JBriociio sonns 
ano oaugbters to Brtbur porter, JEsqugr ano BI\?s bis wife B2>. 
/nMUcjlit] on wbose soules 3bu bave m'q?. 

The Porters attended the Visitations of Gloucestershire in 
1583 and 1623. 



Monumental Brasses. 131 

lvil— Beerburst. 

Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Bruges, Esq., of Coverle', 
and wife of William Cassey, of Whyghtfylde, and then of 
Walter Rowdon, Esq., 1525, inscription lost. North aisle. — 
Haines. 

Position. — On the floor at the east end of the north aisle. 

Size. — The height of the figure is 2 ft. 11 in. 

Description. — This brass affords a good illustration of the 
changes (though slight) which were made in ladies' attire 
about the year 1525. The front angular lappets of the formal 
kennel headdress still remain, in this example they are much 
shorter than the last ones described, and they are adorned 
with a diamond pattern. The hair appears to have been kept 
in place by a roll or caul which was also " penthouse ' shaped 
and a narrow frill was worn down each side of the face. She 
wears a necklet fastened in front and from which hangs a 
square pendant. Her gown is cut at the neck, the sleeves are 
wide at the wrist, and very probably stiffened to keep them in 
the constrained position shown. Beneath are close-fitting 
sleeves striped longitudinally, and often richly embroidered, 
while graceful frills encircle the wrist. Mr. Haines remarks 
that " it is perhaps uncertain whether these sleeves were 
added to the partlet, or to an undergarment termed a 
waistcoat." The skirts are long enough to conceal her feet. 
A highly adorned girdle, fitting more tightly than the last 
examples, keeps the gown in place ; the fastening consists of a 
single rosette from which dangles a long chain with a pomander 
at the end. 

" A bob of gold 
Which a pomander ball does hold 
This to her side she does attach 
By a gold crochet of French pennache." 

Mundus Muliebris. 

The pomanders were used for containing scent or 
preservation against infection and even a metal ball for warming 
the hands. In a church in Normandy is still shown the 
"pomander " which was used by the priest officiating in the 
early morning in winter to keep his hands warm. It consisted 
of a hollow sphere of perforated metal work in which a heated 
iron or even brick ball was inserted. In the volumes of the 



132 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

A rchceological Joui nal there occur several notices of pomanders, 
e.g. , vol. vii., p. 98, xi., pp. 79, 80, &c, and they are often to 
be seen in collections of archaeological objects. 

She is represented erect, full-face, with hands upraised in 
prayer. 

Inscription. — This is preserved by Bigland : — 

Here lyethe Elyzabeth Rowdon, sumtyme Wyffe to WylVm Cassey, 
of Whyghtfylde, Esquyer, after the Dethe if the sayde Wyll'm was 
married to Walter Rowden, Esquyer which Elyzabethe dyed the xxvi 
Day of Januarie, Anno D'ni MDXXV for whose Sowle of your Charite 
say a Pater Noster. 

Heraldry. — In Bigland's time the brass was more perfect, 
and he records (History of Gloucestershire, vol. I. p. 465) that 
there were " four corner escutcheons, one only remaining : — 

Quarterly 1 and 4 Argent a cross Sable, charged with 
leopard's face in the centre Or. Bruges. 2 De Chandos. 
3 Berkeley of Coberley." 

The De Chandos coat was " Or, a pile, Gules," and the 
Berkeleys of Coberley bore " Argent, a fess between 
martlets Sable." 

Illustrations. — None. 

Portions Lost. — Of the complete composition, only the 
figure remains. 

Memoir. — "William Cassey was son of John and Elizabeth 
Cassey. He was of Cassey Compton, Wightfield and Stratton, 
and died 1517; he was succeeded by his son Robert, who 
married Elizabeth Poole and died 1547." Deerhurst, by G. 
Butttrworth. Rev. W. Bazeley's paper on the Cassey Family in 
Trans, of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological 
Society vol. xi, pp. 2-5 (1886-7), gives the date of William's 
death as 1509, leaving Leonard, son and heir, aged three and 
a half years. 

In 1514 pardon was granted to Henry Kemys and Elizabeth, 
formerly the wife of William Cassy, deceased, for marrying 
without the king's licence. In P.C.C. is the will of " Walter 
Rouudon, gent., monast. of St. Peter, Gloucester" (1514) 
1 Hodder. 

lviii.— JBerfeeleg. 

[William Freme, feodary of the Berkeley estates under 
Henry VII., and escheator of the Hundred of Berkeley, 1526,] 



Monumental Brasses. 



133 



head and feet gone, marginal inscription mutilated, now South 
Aisle. — Haines. 

Position. — On a ledger-stone now in the chancel on the 
South side of the Communion Table. 

Size.— 6 ft. 7 in. x 2 ft, 6£ in. 

Description. — This brass affords a very pleasing illustration 
of the costume of a well-to-do yeoman of the reign of 
Henry VIII. 

Following the prevailing fashion William Freme is clean 
shaven, whilst his hair is long and clubbed. 

His outer garment is a long tunic or gov/n lined and faced 
with fur, open down the front and reaching to his ankles. 
Over his shoulders he wears a fur cape, which Mr. Haines 
says " is very rarely seen on brasses."* The sleeves are ample 
and have fur cuffs. Beneath the tunic is shown the waistband 
of his doublet, and the tight-fitting sleeves of the same appear 
at the wrists. 



On his breast he holds 
a heart (96) inscribed with 
" /HVcp." Hearts are usu- 
ally found on Pre- Reforma- 
tion Brasses, and it is said 
" that such memorials indi- 
cate the deceased was enabled 
to perform a vow which he 
had made ; but more probably 
they have different meanings, ! 
according to the inscriptions 
attached to them ; and are 
generally intended to indicate 
sincere trust in the promises 

of God." t In Boutell's 

Christian Monuments there 

is more than one instance 

of " Heart-memorials " pourtrayed. 

Inscription. — Around the margin of the stone was a fillet 

of brass bearing an inscription. Unfortunately most of it has 

disappeared, but the words in brackets have been supplied from 

Rudder's Gloucestershire, who with Bigland gives the 

'" Monumental Brasses, I. p. cexxxix. 
t Monumental Brasses, vol. I., p. cvi 




Heart. 



Fig. 96. 
1526. Berkeley. 



134 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

inscription, but in their time a few of the words had vanished : — 
[Hie iacet corpus Willielmi Freme] 

cuius Hnime propicietur oeus et Hnimarum omnium 
fioelium oetunctorum parentum et . • • . [suorum 

Amen. Contende] mttare per [angusta] m pOrtaill. 

Which may be rendered into English : 

" Here lies the body of William Freme .... on 
whose soul may God have mercy, and on the souls of all the 
faithful departed his relatives and (? friends). Amen. Strive 
to enter by the narrow gate." 

Below the inscription is cut on the stone " Ob. 1526." 

Heraldry. — Above the figure are the matrices of two 
shields : Bigland gives his arms as : Two chevronels between 
three cronels, for Freme, impaling a bend compone on a chief 
three escallops for 

Illustrations. — None. 

Portions Lost. — The head (now restored) and feet, two 
shields above the figure and portions of the marginal inscription. 
The late Mr. J. H. Cooke, F.S.A., of Berkeley, preserved the 
head, and in February, 1884, he had it securely fastened in its 
proper place, so that the memorial is more complete, and not 
a mere headless trunk as heretofore. 

Biographical Account. — In Fisher's History of Be/ kelej , p. 
25, is to be found " A sepulchral brass on the floor on the 
south side of the font marks the resting place of a Romish 
priest." Mr. Cooke gave the following account of the brass: — 
"The Fremes were for many generations freehold tenants 
under the Lords Berkeley, for lands in the manors of Hinton, 
Alkington, and Canonbury, in the parish of Berkeley and in 
Berkeley Borough, by Knight's Service and the rent of twenty 
horseshoes, and their nails, annually. The first of the family 
who appeared in this neighbourhood married the heiress of 
John Usher, temp. Edward IV. The name was originally 
spelt Reme or Reom. William Freme, Esq., died, as stated 
on his tombstone, in 18 Henry VIII., but his death was 
presented at the Halimote Courts of Hinton and Alkington as 
happening in 17 Henry VIII. His widow afterwards married 
Richard Walsh, and died 31 Henry VIII., leaving her son and 
heir, Thomas Freme, then 23 years of age. Thomas Freme, 
of Lyppiatt, the great grandson of the last named Thomas, 
held the lands in 1639." 



Monumental Brasses. 



135 



His name appears in the Commission for the County of 
Gloucester in the early part of Henry VIII's reign. 



Lix.-mortbleacb. 

Thomas Bushe, woolman and merchant of the Staple of 
Calais, 1525, and wife Joan, 1526, with canopy and marginal 
inscription, three or four sons, and two or three daughters lost. 
Nave. — Haines. 

Position. — On a ledger stone in the Nave. 

Size. — 6 ft. g in. X 3 ft. 8 in. 

Description. — In its original state this memorial must have 
been extremely interesting. Under a double canopy are the 
figures of husband and wife. 

Thomas Bushe has long clubbed hair cut straight across 
the forehead, and parted down the middle. His face is clean 
shaven, and by the wrinkles shown on it, he is represented to 
be well advanced in years. His outer garment consists of a 
tunic scarcely reaching the ankles. It is open down the front 
and faced as well as lined with fur. The sleeves are ample, 
the cuffs are made of fur. Beneath the gown appears the 
doublet, which was a 
kind of frock coat 
with close fitting 
sleeves and a short 
skirt, the waist is en- 
circled by a narrow 
belt adorned with 
studs. The legs are 
clothed with hose, and 
on his feet are broad- 
toed low shoes fasten- 
ed in front by a 
buckle (97). The sup- 
porters of his feet are 
a horned sheep and a 
woolpack, the former 
being under his left 
foot and the latter under his right. Rings are shown on the first 
and last fingers of his right hand and on the last finger of his left. 

Joan Bushe wears the pedimental headdress, the front and 




^dBSwww* 



Northleach. 



136 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 



the back lappets are hanging down in front of her. Her 
attire is in the fashion of the commencement of the 16th 
century, viz., a long close fitting dress with tight sleeves and 

fur cuffs. A loose 
hip girdle fast- 
ened by three 
rosettes, from 
which hangs a 
chain terminating 
in a metal pen- 
dant completes 
her costume. The 
skirt of her robe 
is gracefully ar- 
ranged in folds to 
allow the toes of 
her wide shoes to 
be seen resting on 
a woolpack and 
horned sheep, the 
former being 
under her left foot 
and the latter 
under her right 
(98). She is 
wearing rings on 
the first, second, and last fingers of her right hand, and on the 
two last fingers of her left hand. 

Both are erect, full face, with hands 
upraised in prayer. 

Beneath the figures and above the 
fillet bearing the inscription are the matrices 
of two groups of children, and between is 
a brass-plate on which is Thomas Bushe's 
merchant's mark (99) : — A Latin cross 
standing on XX and T, B on either side. 

The figures of Thomas and Joan Bushe 
are beneath a fine double canopy, with 
circular heads and crocketted ogee gables. 
Each pediment is filled with a rural scene 
representing a tree under which are three 




Is'oilhleach. 




Fig. 99. 
Merchant's Mark. 
1526. Northleach. 



Monumental Brasses. 



137 



horned sheep with long tails, the sheep in the middle is lying 
down, the other two are standing and are looking towards 
each other. (100) On either side of the gables and from 




Fig. 100. Canopy. 1526. Northleach. 

between them rise pinnacles terminating in crocketted finials, 
the outer ones are continued downwards, and are panelled. 

Inscription. — Between their bases is a fillet of brass 
bearing this inscription : — 

"®ff gour cbarite pra\? for pe Soull of Cbomas JBusbe, 
m'cbante of ge Staple of Calls | ano Joban, bis wife, wbicb 
Gbomas occcssco tbe onx> of Bit" 3>n /iftCCCCCf f D5." 

Around the margin of the stone is a narrow band of brass 
with an evangelistic symbol at each corner, and on it is this 
inscription, which commences over the husband's head : 

(Eagle) * ©ff yov cbarite pra\? for tbc soule of ftbomas 
(Angel) ffiusbc, sumtvme m'cbunt of tbc staple of Caleys, wbicb 
becessvoc tbc oa\? of in tbc gere of or lorbe (Bob (-dinged 
qx) /lb" \|)-= jj\\ Uno for tbc soule of Joban, bis wife (pinged 



138 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

Hon), wbicb oecessEDe tbc [portion lost] pere of or loroe <3oo 
/ift" W jjvj., for wbo' eoull of W cbaritc sav> a p'r noster S, a ave 

Heraldry. — Above the tree suspended by a hook is a shield 
charged with the arms of the Merchants of the Staple of 
Calais : — Barry nebulee of 6, Argent and Azure, on a chief 
Gules, a lion passant guardant, Or. 

Illustration. — None. 

Portions Lost. — The plates on which were engraved the 
children, the whole of the central pinnacle, except the extreme 
end of the fmial, the upper half of the pinnacle on Joan's left 
side, the fmial of the gable over her head, and a portion of the 
marginal inscription. 

Memoir. — Thomas Bushe was one of the wealthy wool 
merchants of the Cotteswolds, and in addition he was a 
merchant of the staple of Calais, which at that time belonged to 
the English. The will of Thomas Bushe is in P.C.C., 38 
Bodfelde, and that of his wife is 15 Porch. 

lx.- Cirencester. 

Two female effigies c. 1530, husband (?) and inscription 
lost. — Haines. 

Position.- — On the floor of the Lady Chapel. 

Size. — 2 ft. g in. x 1 ft. 5 in. 

Description. — Here "are two female figures — small but 
well executed — (the male one in the centre is lost), with some 
children at the feet. The two wives are represented as wearing 
a close-fitting kirtle to the feet, with tight sleeves, furred at the 
wrist, and a square cut collar ; the dress is secured at the 
waist by a massive embroidered cincture, which, slung loosely 
round the person, and passing through an embroidered loop 
(the figure on the left hand having the larger loop of the two), 
falls down with a long pendant end in front of the figure nearly 
to the feet ; on their heads they wear the kennel or angular 
head dress so generally worn during the latter part of the 
reign of Henry VII., and which continued in fashion some 
time after the accession of Henry VIII. It was made of 
velvet or embroidered cloth, sometimes of lighter materials and 
being pointed somewhat stiffly over the forehead descended in 
lappets on the shoulders and back. A similar head dress is 
worn to the present day in some of the valleys of the Pyrenees. 



Monumental Brasses. [39 

From the style of costume, therefore, in this brass we may fix 
the date as being of the end of the 15th or early in the 16th 
century. 

On this slab remain the indents and nails of the two 
figures, male and female, both somewhat larger than the 
existing effigies. The Rev. W. Dyke is disposed to consider 
the present effigies are those of the children of the persons 
represented by the missing brasses, but in this opinion I do not 
concur, as I never remember an instance of children being deline- 
ated otherwise than as very young, and in a diminishing scale. 
Probably the slab was used for an earlier memorial, which, 
being lost, some members of the same family made use of it as 
a foundation of their own brasses." t This group has no 
connection with this brass, but will be described and illustrated 
later on. 

Illustration. — The girdle of the wife on the left hand of the 
husband is figured in Haines' Introduction, p. ccxli. 

Portions Lost. — The effigy of the husband and the 
inscription have disappeared, a quatrefoil over the husband's 
head, a single child below between husband and each wife. 

Memoir. — The Rev. H. Haines, M.A., in his private copy 
of Monumental Brasses, had added this marginal note : — 
" possibly Thomas Neele," whose will is in P.C.C., 29 Vox. 

lxl— mortbleacb. 

William Lawnder, priest circa 1530, in surplice (?), 
kneeling, marginal inscription mutilated, Holy Trinity and 
Blessed Virgin Mary lost. Chancel. 

Position. — On a ledger stone at the base of the Altar steps. 

Size. — 5 ft. 9 in. x 2 ft. 5 in. 

Description. — William Lawnder is represented with hair 
reaching to the shoulders, but cut so as to form a fringe across 
the forehead. He is clean shaven and has a tonsure. 

William Lawnder is vested in a surplice plaited round the 
neck, the sleeves are very deep and beneath are seen the 
sleeves of his cassock. To the surplice is fastened a hood. 
Mr. Haines (Mon. Brasses, i. p. lxviii.) says that "a kneeling 
figure painted on glass, and now in the large west window of 

t The Reverend W. E. Hadow, M.A., in the Transactions of the Bristol and 
Gloucestershire Archaeological Society for 1877-8. Part I., p. 154. 



140 



Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 



Cirencester church, represents an ecclesiastic in similar 
costume ; both the cassock and hood are of a red colour." The 
hood must not be confounded with the amice of which an 
account was given in No. xxii. of this series."" The hood is 
fastened on the left shoulder by a rosette. 

William Lawnder is kneeling in front of a fald stool and is 
turned to his left. His hands are uplifted in prayer, and from 
them proceeds a scroll with these words : u @ retina poll 
mefctatrtj CStO XaWltfcer TRAfU'f " (O Queen of Heaven be 
the Mediator of William Lawnder). 

Above his head is the matrix of the Virgin Mary holding 
the infant Saviour on her right arm, and by the side of this 
vacant place is another scroll also containing an invocation to 

the Blessed virgin : " © nvmen celt Xawn&er miserere 

TllHill't" (O Deity of the Sky have pity on William Lawnder). 
Above this matrix was another plate, but, unfortunately, 
there is no record of what was engraved on it. Mr. Haines 
suggests that it was "a large representation of the Holy 
Trinity." 

Inscription. — Around the margin is the following quaint 
inscription : — 

t [Zlfcan in wbat] (102) state tbat encr 
tbow be Gtmor /iftortis (1) sbuloe truble tbc ffor wben tbow 

leest Hflengst (2) veniet te 
mors sup* are (3) [Bno] 
so tby? grave grevwst (4) JBvqo Mortis memorare. (5) (101) 



-*^£D 




Fig. 101. At End of Inscription. C 1530. Northleach. 

This inscription is to be found at Witney, Oxfordshire, 
1 5 10, and Luton, Bedfordshire 15 13, and it was on a brass at 



* Robert Lond, St. Peter's, Bristol. 

t I Fear of Death. 2 Thinkest. 3 Death will come to overtake thee. 
4 Diggest. 5 Therefore remember death, 



Monumental Brasses. 



141 



piiUiUiV(g 



Great Tew, Oxfordshire, 151 3. The admixture of Latin and 

English in the inscription is very 

curious. 

Before the word " state " is a 
shield containing the well-known 
verbal emblem of the Holy 
Trinity. (102) 

Other examples may be seen 
at St. Cross, Hampshire, 1382, 
Cowfold, Sussex, 1433, and in 
S. Mary Magdalene, Reigate, is 
an instance (painted) 1476. 

Illustration. — None known. 

Portions Lost. — Four words of 
the marginal inscription, and two 
plates over his head. 




Fig. 102. "Holy Tiinity." 
C 1530 Northleach. 



lxil— ffairforfc. 

Sir Edmond Tame, 1534, and two wives, Agnes [daughter 
of Sir Richard Greville] with two sons and three daughters, 
and Elizabeth [Tyringham] in heraldic dresses, North 
Chancel. — Haines. 

Position. — On a ledger stone in the Chapel at the East end 
of the North Aisle. 

Size. — 7 ft. 6 in. x 3 ft. 6 in. 

Description. — Sir Edmond is represented bareheaded (103) 
as was then the custom, his hair is parted in the middle of the 
forehead, and is long, the face is beardless. His head rests on 
helmet adorned with a lambrequin and surmounted by his 
crest — a colt's head with mane erect couped. He wears 
a armour somewhat similar to that in which his father (John 
Tame) :i: is represented though the body is concealed by a 
richly embroidered surcoat or tabard f on which are embla- 
zoned his arms, yet the following armour is discernible. Around 
his neck is the collar of mail ; small coudieres and plain brassarts 
protect the arms, whilst the hands are not gauntletted. Below 
the tabard is the skirt of mail, over which are shown four 
pointed and scalloped tuiles. Hanging perpendicularly from 



* Vide No, xl. of this series. 

t The tabard was described in No xxvii of this series. 



142 



Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 



his left side is a sword, and below his right elbow is seen the 
handle of his dagger. The legs are encased in massive plate 
armour and broad-toed sabbatons guard his feet ; in his heels 
are screwed rowelled spurs. He wears a neckchain, from 
which hangs a T cross. 




Fig. 103. Sir Edmond Tame. 1554. Fairford. 

On each side of Sir Edmond is the effigy of a wife, the one 
on his left being a daughter of Sir Richard Greville. She 
wears the kennel or diamond shaped head dress, the front 
lappets being richly embroidered and hanging in graceful 
curves not in the stiff formal fashion which was so prevalent. 
Over her shoulders is thrown a mantle on which are 
embroidered the Greville coat of arms — Sable, on a cross 
engrailed, or, five pellets within a bordure engrailed of the 
second. The same arms, with a mullet for difference, are on 



Monumental Brasses. 



143 



the brass of William Grevel, 1401, Chipping Campden. § 
The mantle shews no method of fastening. Around her neck 
is a chain to which is attached a cross similar to her husband's. 
Her gown is like the one worn by her mother-in-law, Alice 
Tame. It is long and tight-fitting, the sleeves terminate at the 
wrists in embroidered cuffs. She has a loose hip girdle 
fastened in front by three rosettes, from which hangs a chain 
terminating in a pomander. 

Sir Edmond's second wife is on his right hand. She wears a 
modified form of the kennel head-dress, but the lappets are not 
so long as those worn by Lady Agnes. Her mantle bears the 
Tyringham arms — Or, a saltire engrailed, sable. It is 
fastened by a cord stretching across the breast, the two ends of 
which pass through a slide and reach to her feet terminating in 
large tassels. Over her mantle she wears a chain. Her gown 
seems to be of a different make to that of Lady Agnes. It is 
gathered in neat folds and fastened by a brooch at the neck, 
and it is so long as to require to be tucked up. The sleeves 
fit closely with plain broad cuffs and a narrow frill at the wrists. 
She wears over her gown a short jacket. Like the other two 
she wears a cross hanging from a neck chain. 

All three are erect full face and with hands joined in prayer, 
Lady Agnes being on Sir Edmond's left, and Lady Elizabeth 
on his right. Sir Edmond is represented as being of less 
stature than either of his two wives. 

Beneath Sir Edmond are two sons in long tunics with wide 
sleeves and broad-toed shoes. 

Beneath Lady Agnes a group of three daughters in kennel 
headdresses and tight-fitting gowns. 



1$m 1 I ''Wallfflr 



Fig. 104. Inscription. 1534- Fairford. 
Inscription. — The marginal inscription is : — 
©f soure cbarite prag [for tbe eoul of jS&mcnD aame (104) 
I iknggbt bere unoer bunco wbicb oecessio tbe fgrst Oag of 
©ctober in tbe gece of oure lorDe qoO a tbousano CCCGCmmi anD 

§ Vide No. VII. 



144 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

for tbe soule of Mres (?) | bis first wife wbicb oecessio tbc jjvj 
oa£ of 3-uh? alio | [DnM /llMlesimo cccccri] tbc prosperite of Dame 
Slijabetb bis last wife . . . . s S. all jren soules ibu baue 
mercg, amen. (105) 

This inscription has been repaired but unskilfully, the words 
"soul of Edmoud Tame " (104) being evidently the work of a 
much later period, for the rest of the inscription is in black 
letter, and these words are engraved in a clumsy imitation of 
Roman letter ; the piece on which is the portion " the 
prusperite of Dame Elizabeth his last wife " has been inserted 
reversed, and at the end is a skull. (105) 




Fig. 105. Inscription. 1534. Fairford. 

Heraldry.— At each corner of the slab is a shield but they 
are not so well engraved as the figures are. At the upper 
dexter corner above Lady Elizabeth appears the Tame arms, 
which are repeated at the lower sinister corner ; at the 
sinister upper corner above Lady Agnes is Tame impaling 
Greville, and at the lower dexter corner is Tame 
impaling Tyringham. The Tame arms are mentioned in No. 
XL. of this series: King Henry VIII. granted Sir Edmond 
Tame " as his armorial bearings the supporters of the Royal 
Arms of England — a crowned lion and a griffin — combatant 
and respectant — the lion being azure crowned and clawed 
gules, and the griffin vert clawed gules in a field argent. "{ 
On the brasses to Sir Edmond the arms bear a crescent for 
difference. Illustrations are given in the next description. 

Portions Lost. — The lower portion of Sir Edmond's sword 
and portions of the marginal inscription. 

Illustration. — Biglaud's Gloucestershire, vol. I. p. 571. 

Memoir. — See the next description. 

LXin.-tfairforfc. 

The same individuals as last, in heraldic dresses, but with 
one son only, mural, North Chancel. — Haines. 

I H. F. Holt, Esq., in Archceological Journal, 1871. 



Monumental Brasses. 



H5 



Position. — On the north wall of the chapel at the end of 
the North Aisle. 

Size, — 2 ft. 10 in. x 2ft. 6 in. 

Description. — This is the only instance we have in 
Gloucestershire of two brasses in the same church com- 
memorating the same individuals. 

In the brass now under consideration Sir Edmond is 
kneeling to a faldstool on which lies an open book. He faces 
his two wives who also kneel at faldstools, one behind the 
other. 

Sir Edmond wears armour very similar to the suit already 
described, the following being the chief points of difference — 
neither tuiles nor dagger appear, and between his brassarts 
and jambarts are shewn gussets of mail. 

Behind him is only one son who wears an ample gown 
faced with fur. 

Lady Agnes wears a heraldic mantle — her husband's arms 
being on the right hand side and her own (Greville) on the 
left hand ; her mantle is fastened by a chain ; otherwise she is 
dressed as described in the last account. Behind her are 
kneeling her three daughters in Queen Mary bonnets and long 
veils ; their dresses are low with wide bell sleeves whilst the 
tight fitting sleeves of the underdress reach the wrists. 

Lady Elizabeth is habited 
similarly to Lady Agnes, but 
impaling the Tyringham arms 
instead of the Greville. 

From Sir Edmond proceeds 

a label, 3esv\ loro tbat maoe 

PS; from Lady Agnes, Wt tb£ 
blOO Y>S bOU(}bt; and from 
Lady Elizabeth, for QIVC VS 

ovv trespass. 

In the centre under the 
middle of the arch at the top 
of the memorial is the pictorial 
symbol of the Holy Trinity (106) 
on a separate brass plate beauti- 
fully incised. The Almighty 
Father, the "Ancient of Days," is represented as an aged 




Holy Trinity 
Fairford. 



1 46 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

monarch seated on a throne. He wears the long flowing regal 
robe. His hair and beard are long, and He is crowned; the 
two first fingers of His right hand are held up in the attitude 
of benediction, whilst His left hand holds a cross tau-shaped to 
which is nailed God the Son, whilst above the head of the 
crucified Son hovers the dove-emblem of the Holy Spirit : all 
three of the figures are nimbed. 

Inscription. — Beneath the figures is a plate of brass on 
which is the following inscription in raised characters : — 

1bic iaccnt JEbmuuoue Game miles et agues et JEUsnbctb 
vjotee eius ] qui quioe B&mun&us obijt primo Die ©ctobris 
B'n° Vni /IB Dc mitii et B'no recmi I IRegis benrici octavi 
vlcesimo sejto quorum a'i'marum p'picietur 2>eus. amen. 

This may be thus translated — " Here lie Edmund Tame, 
knight, and Agnes and Elizabeth, his wives, which Edmund 
died on the first day of October, 1534, and in the 26th year of 
the reign of King Henry VIII., on whose souls may God have 
mercy. Amen." 

It is worthy of notice that the regnal year of the sovereign 
is mentioned, which was often the case if the person com- 
memorated was connected with the Court. 

Heraldry. — Above Sir Edmond is a shield, Tame impaling 
Greville (107), and over Lady Elizabeth is Tame impaling 
Tyringham (108). See Heraldry in last description. 





Fig. 107. Shield. 
1534. Fairford. 



Fig. 108. Shield. 
1534. Fairford. 



Portions Lost. — None ; the whole composition is in 
excellent condition. 

Illustration. — I have not met with any. 



Monumental Brasses. 147 

Biographical Account. — Edmund Tame's mother had been 
snatched away in his infancy, a circumstance of itself likely 
to endear him greatly to John Tame, and there is no doubt 
that he proved himself fully worthy of the love his father 
gave, That he never married whilst John Tame was alive, 
and that he found a wife in a lady of distinction among 
the county families, almost as soon as the period of mourning 
for his father ended, is a proof that he devoted himself to 
cheer the failing years of the old man as the pulses of life 
began to chill and slacken. At the time of his father's decease, 
Edmund Tame was in his thirty-sixth year, an age which 
enabled him to thoroughly appreciate the value and importance 
of the large properties, both personal and landed, which he 
then inherited — those in Gloucestershire, alone including 
(among others) Harnhill, Nimpsfield, Notgrove, Rendcombe, 
Tetbury, and Fairford, at which last mentioned place he took 
up his residence, in the mansion then in course of completion. 
John Tame's remains having been duly laid in the spot selected 
by him, Edmund's first duty was to give effect to his father's 
will by founding the chantry and erecting the tomb. 

That the religious zeal of Edmund Tame, and his interest 
in Fairford church is beyond all question, is evident from the 
following extract from his will :— in P.C.C., 17 Hoger. "1, 
Edmund Tame, the elder, being of hole mynde, thanked be 
Allmighty God, make my testament in fourme following. 
Firste, I bequeathe my soule to Allmighty God, and to our 
blessed lady, and to all the holly cumpany of Heaven, and my 
body to be buried in our lady chappell in the Churche of 
Faireford. Item. I bequethe to the Vicar of Faireford iijli. 
vjs. viijd (^3 6s. 8d.). Also I will, that my Feoffees of my 
lande in Castleton to stande, and to be seased to this only use, 
that is to find a Priest for ever to sing for the soules of my 
Father and mother, and for the soules of me and of my wife, 
and other my friends, according to the feoffament thereof 
made." 

That Edmund in every respect fulfilled his father's wishes, 
and maintained to the full the dignity of the family name, 
may be readily imagined by his adding to the family 
estates the manors of Dowdeswell, Barnsley, and Eastleach 
Turville, in Gloucestershire. In 1505, he was "Sheriff of 



1 4^ Gloucester shire Notes and Queries. 

Gloucestershire," on the 26th of July in the following year lost 
his wife Agnes (a daughter of Sir Edward Greville), by whom 
he had four children — a son, Edmund, and three daughters, 
Alice, Margaret, and Elizabeth, all of whom afterwards 
married and survived him. 

After remaining a widower for a few years, Edmund 
married a second time, his bride being Elizabeth Tyringham. 
No issue, however, resulted from this marriage, which appears 
to have been a very happy one. Indeed, as time progressed, 
Edmund Tame developed as much ambition and determination 
as had ever distinguished his father, very shortly after whose 
demise Edmund was included in the Commission of the Peace 
for Gloucestershire, in which he was confirmed by Henry 
VIII. on the 1st March, 1510. On the 17th November, 1513, 
Edmund's name was returned a second time in the sheriff's roll 
of his native county, and in 1515 he was also inserted in the 
Commission of the Peace for Wiltshire, where as already 
stated, he possessed considerable property. At this time he 
had abandoned all active interference in business, although 
he still embarked an extensive capital in the breeding of 
enormous flocks of sheep. His ambition was, however, rather 
with the Court than the counting-house and so successfully 
did he play his cards as to receive the honour of knighthood 
from Henry VIII. in 1516, in which year he was attached to 
the Royal Household, as appears from the " list of names of 
the king's officers and servants sworn to attend in his chamber;" 
and wherein the name of Sir Edmund Tame appears as a 
knight of the body, and that of his son, Edmund Tame, as an 
esquire for the body extraordinary. 

During the last few years of his life, Sir Edmund the elder 
appears to have lived in retirement at Fairford, at which place 
he died on the 1st October, 1534 ; and in accordance with his 
before mentioned wish, was buried in the Lady Chapel there, 
beside his first wife Agnes. By the care of his widow, the 
Lady Elizabeth Tame, a blue marble slab in the floor of the 
chantry founded by his father, marked his resting-place. As 
Sir Edmund made provision in his will for barring the dower 
of his widow, his extensive landed property was inherited by 
his son Edmund, who had livery of the manor of Fairford the 
same year in which his father died. Notwithstanding, 



Monumental Brasses. 149 

however, Sir Edmund's succession to Fairford, he did not 
attempt to take up his residence there ; but in deference to his 
step-mother, the Lady Elizabeth Tame, he permitted her to 
occupy the Manor House, which she continued to do for some 
time after her step son's (Sir Edmund) decease. His will is in 
P.C.C., 17 Pennyng. 

His pedigree is to be found in the Visitation of Gloucester- 
shire, p. 260 (Harleian Society). 

Though Lady Katherine Tame, widow of Sir Edmund 
the younger, was entitled to Fairford as her jointure, she 
never appears to have disturbed Lady Elizabeth in the 
tenancy of the Manor House. In November, 1550, Lady 
Elizabeth made her will which commences thus: — "I bequeth 
my soul to Almightie God, Father, Sonne, and Holy Ghost, 
three persons and one God in Trinity, to our blessed lady 
Saint Mary the Virgin and Mother inviolate of our Saviour 
Jesus Christe, and to all the Holy Company of Heaven, and my 
body to be buried in North Chapell of our Lady in Faireford 
aforesaide, by my late husbande, Sir Edmund Tame the elder, 
Knight, deceased, whose soule God pardon, yf it fortune me, 
the said Dame Elizabeth, to departe out of this present lyfe 
in Faireford aforesaid, etc." PX.C, f. 45- Pennyng. 

The ioregoing is taken chiefly from " The Fairford 
Windows," by Rev. J. G. Joyce : and " The Tames of 
Fairford," by H. F. Holt. 

lxiiia.— St. 3obn Baptist, Gloucester. 

Chronicled as lost. — Haines. 

Position. — North Wall. 

Size. — Length of husband i8i in. ; of the wife 17^ in. 

Description. -John Semys wears long straight hair not parted 
in front where it is cut to form a fringe and reaching to the 
shoulders concealing the ears, in accordance with the usual 
custom of the period he is clean shaven. He is represented as 
wearing the official mantle fastened on the right shoulder leaving 
his right arm free, and hanging gracefully over his left. The 
mantle is both lined and faced with fur, is gathered in at the neck 
and covers all the doublet, except the little collar and the sleeves, 
the latter being moderately wide at the wrist and revealing 
beneath the tight fitting sleeves of his underdress (109). 



150 



Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 



His wife displays the pedimental headdress so characteristic 
of the period, the left lappet shows the ornamentation very 
plainly, it consists of a quatrefoil in a diamond, the back 
lappets are longer and reach nearly to the elbow. She wears a 




mm 



mm. 






Fig. 109. John Semys. 1450. St. John Baplist, Gloucester. 

tight fitting dress cut square at the neck thus showing the 
upper portion of her under-dress and fastened down the front, 
it is encircled at the waist by a loose hip girdle also ornamented 
with a diamond pattern ; the buckle through which the end of 



Monumental Brasses. 



151 



the girdle passes is large, and the tang does not pass through the 
girdle. The sleeves are narrow, tight fitting at the wrist with 
deep reflexed cuffs purfled with fur (no). 




Fig. no. Margaret Semys. 1540. St. John Baptist, Gloucester. 

The figures are both erect, the husband being full-face and 
the wife turned to her right to look towards him. The hands 
are uplifted in prayer, the tips of the fingers just touching. 

In the original memorial this wife's effigy stood to the left 
of the husband and was his first wife Elizabeth, beneath were 
their eleven children. 



152 Gloucesterhire Notes and Queries, 

Rudder also gives the following account of the brass : — 
" Upon a large grave-stone in grey marble, which was in 
the chancel before the old church was demolished, but now 
altered, or taken away, was a plate of brass, on which the effigy 
of a man at full length between two wives and several children, 
was engraven, and the following inscription in old black 
character : — 

Here under buried John Semys lyeth, 
Which had two wives, the first Elizabeth 
And by her vj. soonnes, and daughters five ; 
Then after by Agnes, his secund wive, 
Eight soonnes, seven daughters, goddes plente, 
The full numbre in all of six and twentie. 
He passed to God in the moneth of August, 
The thousand five hundred and fortie yere just. 

(24 Aug.) 
Round the verge of the stone on the south side : — 
Plaude poll patria, plaude et paradise colonum 
Astri chorus plaudat, plaudat, hie astra peteno ; 
Plausus culmen opes ; p'cul ite valete tnag'ri 
Laus et famn, vale decor : caro puireat opto. 
On the west side : — 

Scripta legas tumuli moritus nunc reperat hie qui 
Laudis erat digiuis, prudens, sapiensque htnignus. 
On the north side : — 

Mitis, item lenis, discretus, largus egenis 
Hie quasi fuudator, miseris fait et miserator, 
Plangit conventus pastorem Religionis, 
Regula tutorem : plangito, plange domus. 
On the east side : — 

Patra plange patrem, dominum vos plangite sui 

Plange potens paup natis plange sua. 

On each of the four corners, without the inscription, was a 
scroll with writing on it, but one of the brasses long since torn 
off. On the other it is thus written : — 

Siste gradus, Ora, Congita, Remiscere, Plova. 
Sic redis in cineres, hujus es, et ejus es. 
Gloria divide fugiuut te, mors, manet et te. 
Within the verge at the south-west corner are the old arms 
of the city, and no other arms are upon it, 



Monumental Brasses. 153 

In Fosbroke's time the inscriptions in Latin appear to 
have been lost. 

Illustrations. — Gloucestershire Notes and Queries, Vol. V. 
(here reprinted). 

Portions Lost. — During the restoration of this church in 1882 
two plates of brass, of which an illustration is given, were found 
amongst some rubbish in a vault in the church. On them 
are engraved the three-quarters effigies of a male and a female 
figure. I am of the opinion that these are the fragments of the 
memorial to John Semys described by Rudder. No other 
portions have been as yet discovered, but I am glad to record 
that the plates just described have been affixed to the north 
wall of the church and are thus preserved for posterity. 

Biographical Account. — A few words on the life of John 
Semys may possibly not be devoid of interest, for even the 
barest details are worth preservation — though in the present 
case, unfortunately, they are but too meagre. 

John Semys was one of the two Sheriffs of Gloucester in 1525 
and Mayor in 1528 and 1535. During his official life he had 
the honour twice of assisting at the reception of royalty visiting 
the city of Gloucester. The inaugural address of Mr. R. V. 
Vassar-Smith, president of the Bristol and Gloucestershire 
Archaeological Society for 1889, gives a description of these 
visits. 

In 1529 the name of John Semes, mayor, occurs in the list 
of justices for the gaol-delivery at Gloucester in June of that 
year. 

On the 11 Nov. 1534, John Semys, maire, the recorder, and 
nine aldermen subscribe a letter to Thos. Cromwell to beg that 
he will have a commission directed to them of the same import 
as those directed to the shire of Gloucester for the due search 
and view of corn, as the town and county of Gloucester is distinct 
from the shire. 

In June, 1535, his name again occurs on a Commission to 
make enquiry respecting Tenths of Spiritualities for Gloucester- 
shire and the town of Gloucester. 

Undoubtedly a careful search of the archives of the city of 
Gloucester would reveal more particulars, and I hope that my 
description of the brass in its mutilated state may induce 
others to make that inquiry which I myself am unable to 
effect. 



154 



Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 



lxiv.— Gloucester, St. fll>ar£ oe Grgpt 

John Cooke, alderman, 1529, and his wife dame Joan, 1544, 
triple canopy with St. John Baptist, all lost but two pediments 
(a third lately stolen), inscription lost, now fastened to a board 
in north transept, slab buried in chancel. — Haines. 

Position. — On a large slab erected against the north wall of 
the north transept. 

Size. — 5 ft. 1 in. x 2 ft. 10 in. 

Description. — John Cooke wears long hair and is clean 
shaven. His outer garment is a gown or mantle only used at 
this period as a sign of office. It is fastened by a single button 
on the right shoulder, and is thrown over the left arm in a 
somewhat clumsy manner (in). Beneath is a long tunic 




John and Joan Cooke, 1544. St. Mary de Crypt, Gloucester. 



reaching to the feet ; this is open above and below the waist, 
and faced with fur. The sleeves are of moderate and uniform 
breadth, and have wide fur cuffs. At the neck is seen the em- 
broidered collar of the doublet, and the tight-fitting sleeves of 
the same appear at the wrist. From his girdle, which is 
concealed by his mantle and arms, hangs a gypciere or external 
purse. The toes of his wide shoes show beneath the gown. 

His wife Joan is attired in widow's weeds. Mourning 
costumes varied little during the XV. and XVI. centuries, 



Monumental Brasses. 



155 



She wears the veil headdress and the stiffly-plaited barbe — 
the distinctive tokens of widowhood (1 11). From her shoulders 
hangs a long and ample mantle which is looped up under the 
right arm, thence falling in graceful folds. Her dress is 
confined by a narrow girdle ; the sleeves are also narrow with 
wide plain cuffs. On the first finger of her left hand is the 
widow's jewelled ring. The tops of her wide-toed shoes are 
just visible below the dress. 




Fig. 112. Canopy. 1544. St. Mary de Crypt, Gloucester. 



Both the figures are erect, with hands raised in prayer; John 
Cooke has his wife on his left hand and is turned a little to his 
left to look towards her, and Joan is turned a little to her right. 

Above them was an elaborate triple canopy, but the 



156 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

pediment over Joan's head has disappeared. Fosbroke* says 
that " over her head was a merchant's mark, viz., a sort of 
fret, or rather two squares interlaced, one a lozenge-wise ; 
in the centre a rose" (112). I am much indebted to Mr. Mill 
Stephenson, f.s.a., who has kindly lent me a rubbing of the 
portion of the canopy which has now disappeared. Over John's 
head is an exceedingly interesting pediment — it has a round 
cusped head surmounted by a crocketted ogee gable, and 
terminated in a floriated finial. The tympanum contains 
a circular panel in which is a rose with five petals and five 
barbs ; the spandrils are filled with trefoils. The cusps 
also have trefoils, and terminate in a cluster of three berries. 
The central pediment consists of a canopy between two 
pannelled pinnacles with crocketted finials and flowered 
pendants. In the pediment is a figure of St. John Baptist : 
in his left hand is a book on which is the Lamb of God 
holding a cross, from the stem of which is floating a flag 
with two streamers. Both the Lamb and St. John are 
nimbed. St. John is pointing to the Lamb with the index 
finger of his right hand—" Behold the Lamb." St. John 
is represented with long straggling hair, but smooth faced. 
The gown seems coarse, but not so realistic as is shewn 
on the brass at Deerhurst commemorating Sir John Cassy, 
1400. f His right arm may be noticed as being covered by the 
sleeve of some under vestment, whereas the feet are bare, as 
is also the left leg, which is exposed nearly to the knee. St. 
John is on a corbel, and two smaller pinnacles rise on either 
side of him (113). The background consists of a lozenge-shaped 
diaper, with a sexfoil in the centre of each lozenge. Above 
him, stretching from side to side, is a branch forming a triple- 
headed arch over him, and under its centre he stands. This 
gable has straight sides, not ogee like the one above John 
Cooke's head. The groining of the canopy is also shown (113). 
Inscription. — Above this elegant canopy the following 
words have been cut in the stone : — 

3-obanncs Cooke, funoator scholar jui'ta banc ccclcsiam 
obtjt I anno JDomfnf flS°CCCCC xjij° | Jobanna ujor cins obtjt 
anno Domini /fc u CCCCC°£l"iv u . 

"John Cooke, founder of the school near this church died 
A.D. 1529. Joan his wife died A.D. 1544." 

* Gloucester, p. 323. f See page 13. 



Monumental Brasse 




Fig. 113. Canopy 1544. St. Mary de Crypt, Gloucester. 



158 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

Heraldry.— In the Wantnar MS. his arms are given — Or, a 
chevron chequie, Gules and Azure, betweene three Cinque 
foiles of y e first. 

Illustrations . — I know of none. 

Portions Lost. — The' inscription, the pediment over 
Joan's head, of which an illustration is given (112), and the 
finials of the central pediment and the side pinnacles. 

Memoir. — The following is taken from Atkyn's Gloucestershire, 
p. 978 : — " Here is a free school erected by Joan Cook, widow 
of John Cook, alderman, 31 Henry VIII. She, in performance 
of her husband's will, vested several manors and lands in the 
mayor and burgesses of Gloucester for divers charitable uses, 
and ordered ^fio a year to be paid to a schoolmaster, if a priest, 
and but £g a year, if a layman ; which schoolmaster is to be 
nominated by the mayor, recorder, and two senior aldermen. 
There is now a salary of £30 a year allowed to the head 
master, and ^16 to the usher." He was four times mayor, 
1501 — 1519. The will of John is in P.C.C., f. 4, Allen; and 
that of Joan, f. 38, Porch. 



lxv— Meston*upoii*Hvon. 

Sir John Greville. lord of the Manor of Milcot, 1546, 
chancel. — Haines, 

Position. — On the Chancel floor. 

Size. — 4 ft. x 2 ft. 1 in. 

Description. — We have now arrived at the period when the 
bold characteristic outlines of the earlier brasses have yielded 
to the finer lines and shades of the copper-plate engraver ; one 
consequence of this is that the rubbings of these later brasses 
are not at all so clear and well defined as those of former 
centuries. 

Sir John is bare-headed, revealing his hair closely croppedj 
but his moustaches are long and drooping, and his beard is 
trimmed to a point long enough to touch the tips of his 
fingers. The face is represented wrinkled, as he is an old 
man. His head rests upon his helmet, which is surmounted 
by a dog's head couped and collared (114). Sir John wears 
a tabard, a garment worn by knights in the Tudor era. 
Before 1400 a jupon was worn over plate armour. During 



Monumental Brasses. 



159 



the first half of the fifteenth century the polished armour 
of the warriors was uncovered and reflected the bright rays 
of the sun. After 1450 was introduced the tabard. It was 
a kind of jacket, short, closely fitting the form of the wearer, 
and had wide sleeves reaching to the elbows. On the 




Fig. 114. Sir John Greville. 1546. Weston-upon-Avon. 



front and the back of it, as well as on each sleeve, were 
displayed the arms of the wearer. This coat is to be seen 
at Chipping Campden, on the brass of William Grevel, 
1401. At the neck is a small frill, the commencement of 
the fashion which in Queen Elizabeth's reign became so 



160 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

excessively large and unwieldly. Brassarts protect the arms 
but the hands are bare. Below the tabart is the skirt of mail 
reaching nearly to the knees. The skirt of taces is divided by 
an arched opening in front, the lower ends are seen extending 
below the tabard over each thigh, and to them are hinged 
small vandyked and pointed tuiles. Plate armour encases the 
legs, and broad-toed laminated sabbatons complete his defensive 
attire. In the lower part of his jambarts are screwed long- 
shanked spurs with large rowels. Beneath his right arm 
projects the pommel of his dagger and by his left side hangs 
perpendicularly his sword. Between his feet is a conventional 
flower— emblem of the resurrection. The artist has filled the 
portions of the memorial not occupied by the figure with a 
dotted background. 

Inscription. — On a plate of brass beneath his feet is the 
following four-lined inscription : — 

1bic situs est Joannes (Breutllus equcs auratus /ilMlcoti I 
olfin oomtnus qui fatu' (mpleuft Bn° reoemptionfs bumanse I 
supra /nMUestmu' qutnqentesimu' quaoraqisimo Sexto JEovavDj 
ucro sejti Bnqlonr rcqis Secunoo Calenoas Bcccmbrte. 

"Here was buried John Greville ' eques auratus," 1 formerly 
lord of Milcote, who died on the calends of December, in the 
forty-sixth year of the redemption of mankind above one 
thousand live hundred in the second year of the teign of 
Edward the sixth, King of the English." 

Heraldry. — " Crest, upon a wreath a grey-hound's head 
coupt collared, and on his surtout are repeated the following 
arms, viz. : — Quarterly i & 4, on a cross within a border 
engrailed nine balls .... * 2 .... a fess compony .... 
3 . . . . per pale and per fess dancette .... in the first 
quarter a cressant." — Bigland. 

Illustrations. — None known. 

Portions lost. — Two shields above his head. 

Memoir. — In the "Visitation of Wmwickshire, 1619,'' pub- 
lished by the Harleian Society, the pedigree of Greviil is to be 
found. William Greviil of Campden had a son Ludovicus, 
whose son was William Greviil of Drayton, his son was 
Rad'us Greviil sepultus apud Moxton in Com' Oxon, and he 
was the father of John Greviil of Milcote, who had a son, Edw. 



* The Greville Arms, see No, vii., p. 23. 



Monumental Brasses. 161 

Grevill of Milcote, knight a distinguished military character in 
the reign of Henry VIII., particularly at the battle of Spurs. 
He married Anne, daughter of John Denton, of Amersham, co. 
Bucks, by whom he had four sons, John, the subject of this 
memoir, Fulke, Thomas, and Edward, so says Burke in his 
Peerage, but the Visitations of Warwickshire and Gloucestershire 
only give John and Fulke ; possibly Thomas and Edward 
died without issue. 

Edward Greville, so Dugdale relates, obtained the wardship 
of Elizabeth, eldest daughter and afterwards sole heiress of 
Edward Willoughby, only son of Rd. Willoughby, Lord 
Brooke, by Elizabeth, his wife. He intended to marry her to 
John, his son and heir, "but she better affecting Fouke, the 
younger, became his wife." John Greville seemingly did not 
break his heart over the loss of Elizabeth Willoughby and her 
manors, for he married Eleanor, daughter of Ralph Verney, 
and when she died he espoused Elizabeth, daughter of John 
Spencer, of Hodnet, by whom he had issue an only son, 
Edward, who is commemorated by the "brass" next 
described. 

Sir John Greville was lord of the manors of Milcote and 
Drayton. He represented the county of Warwick as one of 
the knights of the shire in the Parliament of 30 Henry VIII., 
" so fatall to the Religious Houses." On the coronation of 
King Edward VI. he was knighted, but he did not long enjoy 
this honour, lor he died on the 25th of November in the next 
year, leaving Edward his son and heir aged 30 years. 
Following the example of his father he was buried in "St. 
Anne's Chapped in the Church of Weston super Avon." 
His will is in P.C.C., 16 Populwell. 

Of the manor of Milcote it may be stated that William 
Greville, of Campden (see No. 7 of this series), bought it of 
Sir Walter Beauchamp in 1398, and entailed it upon his heir 
male. He was succeeded by his son John, whose grandson, 
Sir Thomas Greville, assumed the name Cocksey on succeed- 
ing to the estates from his grandmother's family. Sir Thomas 
died 14 Henry VII. without issue, when the lands of the 
Cockseys passed to heirs of that family, but Milcote reverted 
to the representative of Ludovic Greville, second son of the 
William Greville, of Campden, mentioned above. 



162 



Gloucestershire Notes and Queries 



lxvi.— Meston=upon*Hv)on. 

Sir Edward Greville, lord of the Manor of Milcot, 1559, in 
armour, chancel. — Haines. 

Position. — On the Chancel floor. 

Size. — 4 ft. 3 in. X 1 ft. 9 in. 

Description. — The armour of Sir Edward is similar to that 
worn by his father, Sir John (see above). The following are 




Fig 115. Sir Edward Greville. 1559. Weston-upon-Avon. 

the chief points of difference : — There are no tassels to his 
helmet beneath his head, at the wrists are small frills, the 
lower edge of his skirt of mail is vandyked, the tabard covers 
all the skirt of taces and only the tuiles are shown, his sword 
hangs diagonally behind his left leg (115). 



Monumental Brasses. 163 

Inscription. — On a plate of brass beneath his feet are 
engraved the following words : — 

1bic situs est Bfcvardus (Brcufllus cques auratus I /lIMlcott 
olim Dominus qui fatu' cocessit priDic natalis | cbrieti Hue 
Salutis bumanae qutuquaqcsimo nono supra millcsiuur et 
quiuqetesimu' imperante turn BucUis | sereuissima IRcqiua 
JElv?sabetba aunu' iam altcrum. 

" Here was buried Edward Greville ' eques auratus ' erst 
lord of Milcot, who yielded to his destiny on the eve of 
Christmas day, in the fifty ninth year of human safety above 
one thousand five hundred, Elizabeth then being the most 
serene ruler over the English, already in her second year." 

Illustrations. — None known. 

Heraldry. — As his father, see last account (page 160). 

Portions lost. — Two shields above his head. 

Memoir. — Sir Edward Greville was 30 years of age at his 
father's death (recorded in the last account). He was a knight 
and married Margaret, daughter of William Wellington, of 
Burleston or Brakston or Barcheston in Warwickshire. He 
had an only son Lodowick, who was 22 years of age when his 
father died. Of Sir Edward, there does not appear to have 
been much information preserved. His son Lodowick seems 
to have been very unscrupulous, and Dugdale (Warwickshire 
pp. 534-5) gives a circumstantial account of how he murdered 
a tenant named Web to obtain his property, but that the 
affair was found out and Lodowick was pressed to death at 
Warwick. Amongst the Domestic State Papers temp. 
Elizabeth is a bond of William Porter, of Aston Underedge, 
to Lodovic Grevile, of Milcote, Warwickshire, in ^"2,000, dated 
April 1, 1564. Lodowick's son (by his wife Thomasine, 
daughter of Sir William Petre), Sir Edward, married Joan, 
daughter of Sir Thomas Bromley, and had several daughters, 
but an only son John, who died in his father's time sine prole, 
and Sir Edward then sold the whole estate to Lionel 
Cranfield, Earl of Middlesex, to pay his debts. At Sir 
Edward's death the elder branch of the Grevilles became 
extinct. 

lxvi i .— ximbitttngton. 

Richard Coton, Esq., 1536, and wife Margaret, 1560, 
between them a child in swaddling clothes, a son (in cloak 
above) lost. — Haines. 



164 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

Position. — On the Chancel floor. 

Size. — 2 ft. 11 in. x 2 ft. 1 in. 

Description. — Richard Coton has his hair moderately long, 
but he is clean shaven. 

His gown reaches to his ankles, not girded, but thrown open 
in front. The arms pass through openings in the sides of the 
gown with very short sleeves over the arm, but with long strips 
pendant from behind the openings. The top of the gown is not 
turned down, but stands up round his neck. Of his doublet 
is seen a portion of the row of buttons down the front, and 
above it is a neat frill encircling the throat. Low shoes 
complete the visible portion of his attire. 

Margaret Cotton wears a modified form of the kennel or 
pedimental headdress, the outward casing of which is still 
cumbrous and stiff, but it is relieved by a caul or frill-work over 
the forehead. The large frontal lappets have vanished, and 
instead the sides of the headdress turn up at the ends, so that 
this shape was fast merging into a bonnet. The top of her 
gown stands up round her neck something after the fashion 
of her husband's gown, and above it a small frill shows itself. 
The sleeves only reach as far as the elbows, where they hang 
down. Her forearms are covered with sleeves, generally richly 
adorned, but here represented plain, and puffed beneath, 
whilst at the waist are small frills Her gown is confined at 
the waist by a sasli tied in a bow in front. The tips of her 
shoes just emerge from beneath her dress, and it may be 
noticed that both husband and wife wear shoes with th'ck 
soles. 

The figures are standing erect with hands in a prayerful 
attitude, the husband has his wife on his left hand, and they 
are both slightly turned to face each other. 

Inscription .—Beneath them is a plate of brass on which is 
engraved in Roman characters the following : — 

HERE LYETH THE DODDYES CF RICHARD COTON, ESQVIER | 
AND MARGARET COTON HIS WIEFE. HE DECESSED THE NINE 
AND TWENTYTH DAYE OF MAYE, IN THE THYRD AND | FOWRTH 
YEARE OF THE REYGNE OF KINGE PHILLYPP AND | QVEENE 
MARYE ANNO DOMINI 1556, AND THE SAYD | MARGARET DECES. 
SED THE DAY OF MAY IN | THE FYRST YEARE OF THE 

REYGNE OF OVRE SOVERAIGNE LADYE QUEENE ELIZABETH 
ANNO DOMINI 1560. 

Portions Lost. — Rudder records that there were "two children 



Monumental Brasses. 



165 




Fig. 116. Child. 
1560. Whittington. 



between them," and adds, " note the arms are torn off this 
stone." The indents of the foregoing are still visible. One ol 
the children, has disappeared since the Rev. 
H. Haines's time. The illustration of the 
child in swath-bands is reproduced from a 
rubbing in the late Mr. Haines's collection 

(116). 

Illustration. — In the continuation of 
Bigland's Gloucestershire, s.v. Whittington, 
will be found an illustration. 

Memoir. — In the parish registers of 
Whittington are the following entries : — 

[1555] Richard Cotton, Lord and Patron 
of the p'ishe of Whittington was buried 
the xviijth day of May. Mrs. Margarett 
Cotton, the xvief of Mr. Richard Cotton, Esquire, teas buried 
the gth day of April, 1559. 

King Henry VIII., in the 36th year of his reign, granted 
the Manor and Advowson of Whittington to Thomas Stroud, 
etc., who alienated it to Richard Cotton (Patent, 36 Henry 
VIII.) 

Tradition says that this Richard Cotton was killed in a duel. 
During his lordship of the manor he commenced to erect the 
manor-house, a fine specimen of the then prevailing style of 
domestic architecture. But his premature death put a stop to 
building operations, and the house still remains in an unfinished 
state. 

His son John succeeded him and died seized of the manor 
and advowson of Whittington in 1600. — Inquis. P. M., 42 
Elizabeth. 



lx vi 1 1. —Grammar Scbool, Bristol. 



Nicholas Thorne, merchant and mayor [in 1544] founder 
[together with his brother] of a school, 1546, set. 50, and 2 
wives and children : by his first wife he had Bridget and John, 
by his second wife, Jane, John, Francis, Robert, Mary, Joan, 
Nicholas, Edward ; 18 Latin verses, engraved c. 1570, mural. — 
Haines. 

Position. — On the wall of the large upper room in the new 
buildings of the Bristol Grammar School, removed there by a 



1 66 



Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 



faculty from the walls of St. Werburgh's Church, when the 
latter was pulled down. 

Size. — 2 ft. 9 in. x 2 ft. 3 in. 

Description. — About the year 1570 it became fashionable to 
sport beards and moustaches, but Nicholas Thorne is 
represented with a clean shaven face. 

His gown is long, with strips or false sleeves hanging 
behind the elbows. It is faced with fur and thrown open. 
Above his hands can be seen the buttons of his doublet. 
Around his neck and wrists are narrow frills. Low shoes com- 
plete all the visible portion of his costume. 

On either side of him is represented a wife, both of whom are 
similarly attired (127). A close-fitting cap with lappets curling 
over each ear and a veil pendent behind 
formed the headdress, known by the 
name of ''Paris Head," or "Paris Hood." 
The collar of the gown is thrown back 
to reveal a tight-fitting partlet sur- 
mounted by a slight ruff, the whole 
seeming so stiff and formal that the 
lady's head appears to be in "the 
stocks." The sleeves are adorned with 
a stripe wound round them, and they 
terminate in slight frills. The gown is 
encircled at the waist by a girdle, tied 
in a bow in front. Like their husband 
they wear low shoes. 

The sons are dressed similarly to their father ; the daughters 
wear a square bodice, instead of a collar. 

Nicholas Thorne and both his wives are shown kneeling at 
faldstools, on which are lying open books. He is slightly 
turned to his left ; facing him is his first wife, Mary, with 
five sons and three daughters kneeling behind her ; their 
names (Jane, John, Francis, Robart, Mary, Johane, Nycholas, 
and Edward) are engraved on a brass plate over their heads. 
Behind Nicholas Thorne is kneeling his second wife, Bridget, 
with a son and daughter kneeling behind her, whose names 
(Bridgett and John) are recorded on a plate over their heads. 
Haines has chronicled the first wife as being the mother of 
two children and the second as mother of eight children. But 
an examination of his will shews that Mary was first wife and 




Fig. 127. Mary Thome, 
c. 1570. Bristol. 



Monumental Brasses. 167 

Bridget his second. Above are three shields which are painted 

and not engraved. 

Inscription. — Beneath are 18 lines of Latin verse in black 

letter :— 

1bac iRicolaus bumo Gbornus iacet, optime lector 

©lim mcrcator nobilis atque probus : 

Cuius Dicta fices, constantia facta reqcbat 

j£t virtutc vacans actio nulla fuit 

JGristolia: natus fato quoquc functus ibiocm 

©jii maqis artcrnum viucre Digitus erat 

1banc etenfm praetor rejitque scbolaque supcrba 

©rnauit, fratris suaniptibus atque suis 

/nMinificu(m)quc patre(m) scnsit respubltca tota 

JBristolia, cuius, lam bonitate viqct 

fnmcque. scncs, iuvcnes, pueri, innuptcquc puella: 

Gotaquc plcbs ocflct tarn cecioisse cito 

Coniuqe que qemina et bis quina prole beatu(m) 

Seoibus bis ntiseris sustulit ommpotens 

Cuius in artbereas animus penetrant in auras 

TRelliquias tantum corporis arcba tenet 

UU-oremque eaDcm fioam tenet arcba prior m 

Btquc bunc qui primus natus vtrique fuit 

«Slui obijt 19 Buqusti a„ oni 1546 artatis sue 50 

Low in this earth here Nicholas named Thorn, good reader see, 

A Merchant rich and trustworthy within these walls was he, 

Whose words and deeds alike by truth and faith were ever swayed. 

And destitute of honour's stamp no action which he made, 

In Bristol born, he hereby fate his life laid down, 

Who rather seemed worthy to be of an eternal crown. 

This City well he ruled as Mayor, and with a school full large 

And stately did adorn, at his own and brother's charge. 

The City's whole community a grateful sense retains 

Of her too liberal father while his benefit remains. 

Old men and young, boys, dowerless girls, the mass of Bristol's poor. 

Weep his removal from their midst, who spent so full a store. 

By double wedlock he was blessed with children numbering ten 

When power divine his soul conveyed from wretched haunts of men, 

While his freed sprite with ready joy roams o'er the heavenly plains 

Tins tomb you see his body's baser part alone retains, 

The while it also holds in trust his first and faithful wife 

And him on whom their mutual love bestowed his firstborn life. 

Portions lost. — None. Illustration. — None. 

Heraldry. — By the kindness of Mr. R. L. Leighton, Head 
Master of the Grammar School, Bristol, I am enabled to give 
the following: — Blazon of middle chief of brass, quarterly: 1 
and 4 arg : 2 lions pass : reg : sa : (?) in chief above fess : or : 



1 68 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

below one lion : sa : (?) pass : reg: mid : base. 2 and 3 arg ; 
rebute : sa : fess : above lion az : pass : reg : mid : chief, loz : 
gu : dex : and sin : chief, below: loz : gu : mid : base. Blazon 
of dexter chief and sinister chief of brass, 6 quarterings paity 
per tierce in pale party per fess. 1.3.5. ar : ' :: bear; or: muzzled: 
erect : unchained : chain crossing bend sinr : ring of chain in 
nombril dexter. 2.4.6. or. (?) fox's head erased: gu. 

Memoir. — The following is taken from various histories of 
Bristol : — "Buried in St. Nicholas crypt are Robert Thorne 
and his wife, the parents of Robert and Nicholas Thorne, the 
founders of the Bristol Grammar School, a species of thorn 
that Fuller wishes ' God may send us many coppices of.' " 
Robert Thorne, senr., made among others the following 
bequests : — " . . . Also I bequete to Robert Thorne my son 
lx li in redie monney and lx ounces of plate. Also to Nicholas 
Thorne my son lx li in redie monnez and lx ounces of 

plate " 

In 1542-3, Nicholas Thorne was Mayor that year. The 
plague at this time was sore in Bristol throughout the whole 
year, so that Nicholas Thorne, then Mayor, held his Court of 
Admiralty in Clevedon. In an old ledger book in the custody of 
Mr. Hackluit written about 1526, by Mr. N. Thorne, the elder, 
principal merchant of Bristol, it was noted that before that 
year one T. Tyson, an Englishman, had found the way to the 
West Indies, and resided there, and to him the said Mr. N. 
Thorne, then a merchant in Bristol, sent armour and 
merchandise, whereby it appears there was an established trade 
there very early, and from the city of Bristol. He left his 
geographical and nautical instruments to the Grammar School. 
He died August 19th, 1546, aged 50 years, and was buried at 
the east end of St. Werburgh's church, now demolished, and 
his ashes, if they have not been disturbed now lie under the 
middle of Small Street at the Corn Street end. 

The portraits of the brothers Robert and Nicholas Thorne 
may still be seen in the office of the Charity Trustees, and 
copies are also hung in the small committee-room of the 
Council House. Robert would seem from his likeness to have 
much resembled his bluff contemporary, Henry VIII., while 
Nicholas has a hungry ascetic look. With that pedantic 
punning on names which characterised the period, Nicholas 



"Bear as per Earl of Warwick erect but unchained and no staff. 



Monumental Brasses. i6g 

has had placed over his head, in a corner of the canvas, the 
words, Ex spinis uvas colli gimus — "We gather grapes of 
thorns." The quaint conceit is repeated, but not so 
epigrammatically, in the portrait of Robert, who is made to 
say. in the same learned tongue, " I am called a thorn ; the 
glory be given to God who giveth the good things which the 
Thorne dispenses to the poor." "Nicholas Thorne by his will, 
dated 4th August, 1546, did give and bequeath towards the 
reparation of the Bridge, Back and Key, and the banks 
on the Marsh, ^20 ; towards making a yard for corn, for 
provision of the Commons, £30; towards the making of the 
dock at the Key for the better repairing of their ships there, 
£25 ; to the poor housekeepers in Bristol, one hundred 
marks ; towards repairing of the Free School and making a 
library there, ^"30; and [illegible] investments towards 
retaining learned council to ensure the lands of the Bar- 
tholomews ; to the Mayor and Commonalty towards the 
maintenance of the Free School, ^20; to the Chamber of 
Bristol, £\, for the use of cloth-making and helping of young 
men ; whereof £2 of the money of one Mr. Thos. Howell, 
towards the reparation of highways and maintaining the 
conduits of water, the Pithay Well and S. Peter's." 

The Visitation of Gloucestershire (Harl. Soc.) gives Nicholas 
married first Bridget, daughter of — Milles, of Hampton, and 
by her he had John ; Bridget, wife of Richard Bowser, of 
Dursley ; and Richard. The memorial shews only two 
children : Richard probably died in infancy. His second wife 
was Mary, daughter of Roger Wigston, of Wolverton, 
Warwickshire. Their children were Edward, who married 
— Thorne ; Frances, wife of Hugh Patridge ; Mary, wife of 
Robert Owgan, Suffolk; Nicholas, married Mary, daughter of 
Sir Richard Waker, or Walker, of Hartwell, Northants, and 
widow of Francis Catesby, by her he had three daughters ; 
Robert, married Mary, daughter of JohnBulbeck, of Clevedon, 
Somerset, who died without issue. 

lxix.— Ubornburp. 

Thos. Tyndall, 1571 (effigy lost), and wife [Avice, daughter 
of John Bodie] , 12 English verses, once on Altar Tomb, 
Chancel. — Haines. 

Position, — On the floor of the chancel, 



170 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 



Size. — 3 ft. 5 in. X 1 "ft. 5^ in. 

Description. — All that is left of this fine memorial are two 
plates of brass ; on the upper is engraved the representation of 
Avice Tyndall (128), while the lower one contains the epitaph. 




Fig. 128, Avice Tyndall. 157 r , Tliornbury, 



Monumental Brasses. \yi 

Avice Tyndall is habited in costume very similar to that 
worn by the wives of Nicholas Thorne previously described, but 
as she is represented standing, and nearly full face, her richly 
embroidered petticoat is displayed to advantage. The gown 
is confined by a sash tied at the waist, below which it is thrown 
open to reveal the gorgeous petticoat, beneath which are seen 
the tips of her thickly soled shoes. Her head is slightly 
turned to her right, to look towards her husband (128). 

Inscription. — The inscription is as follows : — 

Gbomas GsnOall Dpeo tbe ijvtii of Hprill, 1571. 

Jl)e se bow Oeatbe Ootbe spare no age no kvnO 
t)o\v 5 am lapt in clage ano oeOo \?ou fgnDe 
/iftg w\?re ano Gbiloeren lye berc wttb me 
1Ro govlo no jfrenoe no Strentbe covlo ransome bie 

Gbe enO of care ano matter to repent 
Gbe enO of v>av?ne oeltgbte anO ill intente 
ftbe eno of faere for fn>noe ano worlOls wo 
3Bv> Oeatbe we baue anO of l^ke tbovsanO mo 
BnD Oeatbe of svmes in vs batbe maOe an enO 
So tbat notbtneje can oner estate amend 
Mbo wonlO not be content snebe cbange to mahe 
jfor worlOle tbinges etamall Igfe to take. 

Heraldry. — Argent, a fess gules between three garbs, sable, 
a crescent for difference. — Harl. MS. 1543, fol. 43. 

Illustrations. — None. 

Portions lost. — Rudder says : " At the foot of the altar 
there formerly stood a large raised tomb of black marble, inlaid 
with brass. But when the chancel was afterwards repaired, 
the tomb was taken down, and the upper slab fixed in the 
floor." Evidently the husband's effigy had then disappeared. 
A rubbing of this slab made by the late Rev. H. Haines, 
shews that the husband stood to the right of the wife. Over 
her head was a label. Beneath the inscription are the matrices 
of one son and one daughter, with a label over each. Bigland 
reports: ''At the four corners were coats of arms, the only 
one remaining is on the right hand corner at the bottom, 
viz. : - argent on a fess gules, between three garbs sable, 
a martlet." 

Memoir. — " Thomas Tyndale was elder son of Edward 
Tyndale, of Pull-Court, Worcestershire, who was fourth son 
of Sir William Tyndale, of Hockwold, in Norfolk. Thomas 



172 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

settled at Eastwood, in the parish of Thornbury, of which he 
had a grant, 7 Eliz.. 1565, after the attainder of Edward, 
Duke of Buckingham ; and by A vice, his wife, daughter of 
John Bodie, of London, had Edward and Elizabeth, who 
both died before their father. By his will he gave the estate 
at Eastwood to his cousin, Thomas Tyndale." — Rudder. 

In Gloucestershire Notes and Queries, vol. ii, pp. 201, etc., 
is an interesting account of the Trotman Family, and on p. 203 
is the following allusion to Thomas Tyndall : — 

" Thomas Tyndale, of Eastwood, ' gentilman,' who died at 
' Master Pennes house in London,' 28th April, 1571, and was 
buried in Fanchurch (Fenchurch) in that city 7th May, and on 
the 31st of the same month re-interred, according to the 
direction in his will, at Thornbury." Richard Trotman, of 
Cam, was one of his executors. Will in P.C.C, 19, Holney. 

Lxx.-ciifforfc Chambers. 

Hercules Raynsford, Esq., Lord of the Manor, 1583, set. 
39, in armour, and wife Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Parry, 
Esq., with two sons and one daughter. Altar Tomb, Chancel. 
— Haines. 

Position.— Before the restoration in 1887, this brass was on 
an altar tomb at the east end of the nave ; the pulpit partially 
rested upon it. Now the slab, in which are inlaid the brasses, 
will be found erected against the north wall of the chancel, 
near the mural memorial to another member of the Raynsford 
family. The altar tomb before referred to, had some sandstone 
panelling divided with pilasters on one side and at one end, but 
the stone was in a broken and crumbling condition, too far 
gone for a satisfactory retention. 

Size. — 4 ft. 6 in. x 1 ft. 10 in. 

Description. Hercules Raynsford is bare headed, his hair 
is cut short, and his head rests on his helmet. His moustache 
and beard are of moderate length. Around his neck and wrists 
are slight frills. A gorget of plate reaches to the chin, the 
paldrons have their upright edges scroll-shaped, brassarts of 
plate, with plain coudieres, protect the arms, and a cuirass 
covers the body. At this period, civilians wore trunkhose ; 
this was also adopted by the men in armour, so we may notice 
that the skirt of mail (vide Sir John Greville's brass at 



Monumental Brasses. 



J 73 



Weston-on-Avon*) has disappeared, and instead, Hercules 
Raynsford is wearing trunkhose. Trunkhose were large 
breeches well padded, puffed and slashed. As the stuffing was 
not of sufficient firmness to protect the thighs, to the projecting 
rim of the breastplate or cuirass were hinged tassets which 
somewhat filled the functions of the tuiles so conspicuous in 
earlier armour. These tassets consisted of a series of small 
plates rivetted together, 
and may be considered to 
be the last remnant of 
the skirt of taces. In 
this example, the plates 
of the tassets are of a 
rectangular form. Steel 
armour encases the re- 
mainder of the legs, and 
his genouilleres have 
elegant rosettes. Large 
rowelled spurs are screw- 
ed into the heels, whilst 
sollerets with very wide 
toes complete the suit of 
armour (129). Around his 
waist is a narrow strap, 
from which hangs ob- 
liquely another, to which 

is attached a long sword on his left side, 
side is affixed a short dagger. 

Elizabeth Raynsford is in dress very similar to Avice 
Tyndall described in the last. 

Hercules and his wife are erect, she being on her husband's 
left hand, they are mutually turned a little towards one another. 
Two sons are shewn lower down the slab, but in my rubbing 
the pulpit covers all but their closely cropped heads, the little 
frill round their necks, and the jackets or cloaks on their 
shoulders ; they look towards their sister, who is dressed 
somewhat like her mother, but no ornament or embroidery is 
shewn, the girdle is buttoned in front. 

Inscription.— On the plate of brass beneath their feet is 
engraved the following inscription : — 




Fig. 129. Feet. 1583 
Clifford Chambers. 



On his right 



* No. LXV. of this series, p. 158. 



174 



Gloucestershire Notes and Queries- 



Ifoere Igetb JSurseb tbe JSobbgof Ibetcules IRasnsforb, esciuier 
I Xoro of tbis Abannor of Clifford, wbo marrgco JEli3abctbc I 
parrg, baugbter of IRobert parrs, esquier, bg wbome bavsug 
I 3-ssue too souues aub on Daughter, DieD tbe secouD Dage of 
I august, Suo Dni 1583, aub iu tbe peare of bis age 39. 

Heraldry. — Over the head of Hercules Raynsford is an 
elaborate shield (130), the crest, a stag's head, surmounts an 
esquire's helmet, from which depends an elegant mantling : 
the shield is blazoned by Bigland : — 

1. Argent a cross 
sable for Raynsford. 
2. Azure an eagle, 
displayed argent 
gorged with a coro- 
net and beaked and 
membred or, for 
Wylcotts of Wyl- 
cotts. 3. Azure an 
eagle displayed ar- 
gent, beaked and 
membered or, for 
Wylly cotes of Gt. 
Tew, co. Oxon. 4. 
Sable on a chief ar- 
gent three lozenges, 
gules Mollins. 5. 
Argent an eagle dis- 
played gules (ovHall. 
6. Azure a chevron ermine between three bucks trippant 
or, for Greene. 7. Argent a chief indented azure, for Glanvile. 
8. Per Pale or, and azure a chevron ermine, for Lions, 9. 
Gules on a chevron argent a cinquefoil between three garbs 
or, for Scocathe. 10. Argent a chevron between three cinque- 
foils gules, for Wakested. 11. Argent a chevron engrailed 
between three escallops sable, for A rderburgli, or Arderbonghe. 
12. Vaire argent and gules on a bend sable three boars' heads 
erased or, for Purscell. 13. Or, three bears' heads erased 
sable muzzled of the first, for Berwicke. 14. Argent three 
bendlets azure on a canton sable a lion passant or, for ShersaJ. 
15. Or, three chevronells braced in base sable on chief gules, 
three plates, for Prattell. 

Over the wife's head is a shield bearing these arms, "Argent 




Fig. 130. Arms 1583. Clifford Chambers. 



Monumental Brasses. 175 

a cross sable, differenced with a crescent, for Ray ns ford, 
impaling, Argent, three boars' heads caboshed sable for Parry. 

Illustrations. — Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological 
Soc. Transactions, vol. XIV., plate VI. 

Portions lost. — None ; and the whole composition is in 
good condition. 

Memoir. — Charles Raynsford of Clifford, co. Gloucester, 
was twice married, first to Jane, daughter of John Morgan, of 
Camberton, co. Worcester, and secondly to Frances, daughter 
of Henry Wyndsore, who was living at the date of her husband's 
will, 26th April, 1578. The said will was proved 10th May, 
1 58 1. By his first wife he had issue : — 

1. Thomas. 2. Hercules. 3. Anthony, executor of his 
father's will 1581. 4. Morgan, who was living in 1578. 5. Jane, 
wife of John Prouse, of Slaughter, co. Gloucester. 6. Elizabeth, 
wife of Robert Wincott, of Kensham, co. Oxford, both living 
1578. 7. Eleanor. 8. Margaret, living unmarried 1578. 

The second son Hercules, bapt. 3 Dec, 1544, was of 
Clifford, and married Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Parry, and 
died 2nd August, 1583. Administration of his effects was 
granted 3rd August, 15S3, to Elizabeth his relict (Inquis. P.M. 
26 Eliz., No. 198.) Elizabeth his widow afterwards married 
Willam Barnes, of Clifford. 

By her he had issue : — 

1. Sir Henry. 2. Elizabeth, his daughter, named after her 
mother Elizabeth, has her memory perpetuated by another 
"brass " in Clifford Chambers Church ; her memorial will be 
described after, it being LXXVI. of this series. 3. Another 
son, who is represented on the brass and mentioned but not by 
name in the inscription. 

The authority for the foregoing statements is The Genealo- 
gist, vol. II, 1878, which contains an exhaustive pedigree of 
the Raynsford family. 

The manor of Clifford Chambers formerly belonged to the 
abbey of Gloucester, but was granted to Charles Raynsford, 
4 Eliz., the father of Hercules. Henry, son of Sir Henry, 
mentioned above, had his estate sequestered in the civil war 
because he was a partisan of King Charles, but he compounded 
for ^"900 ; the Manor of Clifford Chambers soon after passed 
away from the Raynsford family, for this same Henry sold it 
to Job Dighton, Esq., in 1649. 



176 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

Lxxi.-Eristol; St. TIGlerburab. 

William Gyttyns, merchant, and one of the common 
council, 1586, and wife Mary (who erected brass) with six sons 
and four daughters. Quadrangular plate, mural. — Haines. 

Position. — On the wall of the vestry of the recently erected 
church of St. Werburgh. 

Size. — 1 ft. 10 in. X 1 ft. 10 in. 

Description. — In the figure of William Gyttyns we have a 
capital representation of a well-to-do citizen of the latter 
portion of the sixteenth century. 

He wears a long robe with a broad band around the hem, 
behind the arm holes depend sleeves, of no real use to protect 
the arms, but being banded with lateral bars, very probably of 
velvet, they served as ornaments to his robe, and were possibly 
insignia of his dignity as a " common councilman." As he 
kneels to the desk, this long robe conceals most of his other 
garments, though the doublet with frills at neck and wrists is 
shown with skirt fastened by a sash tied in front. 

Behind him kneel six sons, in long robes and doublets, the 
eldest has his name — John — cut on the lower part of his robe. 
Mary Gyttyns wears a long robe which, like her husband's, 
has a broad band but it has no sleeves, a sash tied in a bow in 
front keeps all in place ; she, too, has frills at neck and wrists, 
her petticoat is plain. Behind her kneel four daughters 
dressed like their mother, except that there is no veil to their 
headdress, nor any band to their robe. 

In the earlier memorials, it 
was customary to commence the 
inscriptions to the departed with 
Orate pro anima, or some similar 
pious ejaculation, but at this 
period, the effigies of the deceased 
are often represented as praying 
for themselves, and in accordance 
with this custom, William and 
Mary are shewn kneeling at a low 
•Fig. 131. Circular Plate. desk, on which lie two open books. 

1586, Bristol. ? Monogram. The background is COV ered with 

small oblong panels, and between them hangs a circular plate, 
on which are the initials, M.G., probably the monogram Mary 
Gyttyns (131). The floor is tiled with square and round tiles. 

* Figs. 131, 133, 134, are i scale, and not J aa the remaining illustrations. 




Monumental Brasses. 177 

Inscription. — Beneath is the following long inscription :— 

/toy frenb wbo so tbis place of mgne tbow be tbat sball be 

bouloc, 
"WHttb patiences pause ano bcarc a frtno bis mtnoe to tbc unfoulo; 
Seachc not witb beapes of worlbly toyes tofurnisbc tbv? oelicibtc 
1Ror let bim fancie bigbc Degres tbat bopes to liuc artgbtc; 
3f tbow baue vvealtbe supply tbie want tbat lancjutsbe in 

occaye ; 
Bno linger not tby 0000 Jntcnt vntill tby latter oaye ; 
5f pouertye opresse tby mino let paciencc be tb\? auyoe, 
Xct ricioure farlie boulo faist tbv faitbe wbat bap so tbc betioe : 
Iff or as front beatbe no wave tbar is tbey sclfc for to oeffeno, 
So bappyc map. no creature be befforc tbc finall cno ; 
TlClbearfore of ©00 bis mercye crane wbo batb of mercye store, 
2lno vnto bint comenO mg soulc, my freno, J craue no more. 
Ibearc litbe burico tbc booy of xmilliam Cystyus, late of tbc 

Cittie of 3Bristoll. 
/Ifcarcbauntc S. one of tbe Common Couuscll of tbc same, wbo 

bab one only wife, 
IRamcD /Ifoaiye, by wbom be bao yssbuc vi. souns ano iiji 

Oaucibtcrs, wbo bepartcb 
Ibis trancitory lief tbc ijv. Day of tffebruary ano Dm, 1586. 
3-11 ano for wbose memory tbc saio /ibaryc bis louinge wife batb 

maDc tbis moncment. 

Illustrations. — I know of none. 

Portions lost. — None, but the plate is not in a very good 
condition. 

Memoir. — In Wadley's Bristol Wills, his Will occurs on 
PP- 249, 250. 

lxx 1 1 .—Cirencester. 

Philip Marner (clothier), 1587, standing. He left a noble 
yearly for a sermon in Lent, and gave the interest (?) on £"8o 
to 16 men in Cirencester, Burford, Abingdon, and Tetbury. 
Mural S.A. — Haines. 

Position. — On the wall between the Trinity Chapel and 
nave. 

Size. — 1 ft. 6 in. x 1 ft. 2\ in. 

Description. — Philip Marner is represented as an old man, 
standing and supported himself by a knotted staff, shod with 
iron. His hair and beard are cut close, and his face shews the 
furrows graven by age. He is clad in the usual long gown 
of the period with false sleeves pendant from the shoulders. 
This gown is slightly open over the breast and shews the 
closely buttoned doublet tied with a sash at the waist. 



1 78 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

Beneath the gown are shewn his feet in thick soled shoes. 
He is erect, slightly turned to his left, with a staff in his 
left hand and a flower in his right. Near his right foot is seated 
a dog, and this forms one of the latest instances where dogs 
are represented on brasses. In the upper left-hand corner is 
represented a pair of shears — emblem of his trade (132).* 




Htt Jrtit Imftitt astotttitti hr ¥m% . 



SwtmoMrs Vftft PO aoorr far ta wtm 
<mb#&: io.^tnm #§ Into ^ .. . 

M (Etrrfter .^xrforfc Juration $ mi fwnr. 
$§&> to 6r io wxa a Fforto fmfy 



Fig. 132. Philip Marner. 1587. Cirencester. 

Inscription — The rhyming epitaph is as follows : — 
5n Xent b£> will a Sermon be benteeb, 
anb H?crcl\? fl>recber witb a noble prtseb. 
Seven IRobles be bib geue ge poore for to befenb, 



See No. XVII. of this series, p. 49. Thos. Fortey, etc., H47- Northleach. 



Monumental Brasses. i 79 

ano SOU. to £\n. men oio leno, 

3\\ Ctcestcr, :fl3urforo, Bbington, ano actbnric, 

ever to be to tbem a stoche lt>crl^>. 

flMMllip dfoarncr, wbo oieo in tbe sere 1587. 

Illustrations. — None known. 

Portions lost. — None, and the whole monument is in a 
good state of preservation. 

Memoir. — The will of this benefactor to Cirencester is in 
the Probate Court at Gloucester, and was made on the 14th 
September, 29 Eliz. 

lxxii i .— Meston^suNBocje. 

William Hodges, 1590, he married the daughter of Sir 
George Throgmorton, of Kaughton [Coughton] , and widow 
of John Gifford, Esq., of Weston-under-Edge. — Haines. 

Position. — Formerly on floor of centre of chancel, now 
placed upright against the north wall of chancel just west of 
altar step. — A. W . F., June 26th, 1871. 

Size. — 3 ft. 1 in. x 1 ft. 9^ in. 

Description. — His short curly head seems to rise out of an 
immense plaited wheel-ruff: his beard is trimmed, but the 
moustache gracefully curls. The body is clothed in a close 
fitting doublet, girt about the waist by a narrow belt, from which 
hangs a long sword. Over the doublet is worn a short loose 
cloak, the cape of which was buckled in windy weather. The 
arrangement of buttons on the cloak presents marked peculi- 
arities. He wears knee-breeches and long hose with low shoes 
on his feet. He is represented standing on a tiled pavement, 
slightly turned to the right, with hands clasped in prayer. 

Inscription. — On the brass plate beneath is the following 
inscription : — 

HERE LYETH THE BODYE OF WILLIAM HODGES, WHO | MARIED 
YE DAUGHTER OF SIR GEORGE THROGMORTON | OF KAUGHTON 
KNYGHT, AND WAS THE WYDDOWE OF | JOHN GYFFORD, OF 
WESTON UNDEREDGE, ESQUIRE, WHO | DEPARTED THIS LYFE 
THE XXIII OF AUGUSTE, A.D. 159O. | 

Illustrations. — None. 

Portions lost. — None, and the whole memorial is in good 
condition. 

Biographical Account. — In the Visitation of Gloucestershire 
1623 (Harl. Soc), John Gifford, of Weston under Edg, in 



I So Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 



Com. Gloc, married Elizabeth, second d. of Sir George 
Throgmorton, Knt., by whom she had twelve children. She 
married secondly Will'm Hodges, and they had issue Anna 
and Adrina. In volume V. of Bristol and Gloucestershire 
Archaeological Transactions, p. 234 is 

Weston fMrs. Elizabeth Hodgs, the wyffe of Mr. 

Subedge *■ William Hodgs, Esquor. 

lxxiv.— j^ate. 

Alexander Staples, 1590, and two wives, Avis, with two 
sons and three daughters, and Elizabeth (who erected brass), 
with four sons and two daughters, eight elegiac verses, 
quadrangular plate. — Haines. 

Situation. — On the chancel floor, but when the church was 
restored, the choir-screen on the south side was built over this 
memorial, and only a portion is now visible. 
Size. — 1 ft. 8 in. x 2 ft. 2 in. 

Description. — As mentioned above, only a portion of this 

brass is now to be seen, but the 
late Mr. J. D. T. Niblett,F.S.A., 
of Haresfield Court, kindly gave 
me a rubbing of the whole 
memorial, which he had made 
before the church was restored. 
In the centre stands Alex- 
ander Staples, vested in a long 
gown which nearly covers his 
feet. His hair and whiskers 
are cut short, around his neck 
and wrist are frills. The gown 
is faced with fur, and being 
slightly open in front, it reveals 
the buttons of the closely-fitting 
doublet. From his shoulders 
hang the then fashionable short 
sleeves, which are adorned with 
bars, probably of velvet. 

On either side, slightly turn- 

* Fig. 133. Child. 1890. Yate. , , ,, • 1 1 j 

ed towards their husband, 
stands a wife. On his left is Avis, his first wife. She wears 
a French hood, or bonnet, with a ruff round her neck. Over 

* Figs. 131, 133, 134, are h scale and not \ as the remaining illustrations. 




Monumental Brasses. 181 

her shoulders is a cape with an escalloped edge, a long dress 
thrown open to show her embroidered stomacher and richly- 
adorned petticoat, completes her outward attire. 

The second wife, Elizabeth, is somewhat similarly dressed, 
but she wears no cape. 

The sons are in close-fitting gowns with small lappets (133): 
the daughters resemble their mothers. 

Inscription. — Beneath is the following inscription : — 
"Corpus Sferauori Staples lapis iste tuetur : 
Spiritus artberea seoe beatus ertt., 
IRursus suprcmum tuba cum taratantara clanget 

Spirftui junket mortua membra Deus. 
Ccrceutum lustris octoocuoque flueute, 

$ernaroi, a Cbristo, couctoit, ipse die, 
Sajum boc mcesta suo pouebat JEtisn martto, 
Conjuciij stgnum quoo pietatis erit. 
22° aufliisti, 1591" 
•• The corpse of Alexander this stone shall safely keep, 
His spirit in the heavenly realms its blessedness shall reap, 
When the last trump with clangour loud the universe shall fill, 
God shall his soul and body join at His own holy will, 
Three hundred lustres fleeted by, years ninety-one beside, 
From Christ, His birth, on Bernard's feast when this our 

Staples died, 
With tears this stone to her loved lord has sad Eliza laid, 
Thus sign alike of wedlock's tie, and of her lord she made." 
Portions lost. — None. 
Illustrations. — None known. 

Memoir. — Thos. Staples, Esq., of the Middle Temple, 5th 
son of Alexander Staples, Esq., of Yate Court, Gloucestershire, 
was created a baronet of Ireland, 18th July, 1628. 

lxxv— OLecfebampton. 

William Norwood, Esq., and wife Elizabeth [daughter of 
William Lygon, of Madresfield, Worcestershire] , 1598, set. 50, 
with nine sons and two daughters, six elegiac verses, quad- 
rangular plate mural. — Haines. 

Situation. — On the south wall of the south aisle, near the 
east end. 

Size. — 1 ft. 10 in. X 1 ft. 11 in. 

Description.— This interesting brass affords a good example 
of the costume of a gentleman and a lady towards the end of 
the reign of Queen Elizabeth, 



1 82 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 



William Norwood has his hair and beard closely cropped, 
but his moustache is allowed to grow. A stiff ruff encircles 
his neck, a fashion often noticed sarcastically by the writers 
of the period. His cloak covers the rest of his attire, except 
the top of his doublet and its tight-fitting sleeves. From the 
shoulders hang long false sleeves unadorned. 

Behind him kneel nine sons. Their hair is cut short, and 
they wear ruffs. Their cloaks appear to be sleeveless, and 
consequently we see more of the long-breasted doublet : on the 
three elder sons, this doublet is represented as fastened by a 
row of buttons, but the mode of fastening is not shown on the 
others. Their cloaks are short, so that the long hose from the 
knee are shown. Their feet are protected by low shoes. By 
the left side of the eldest son hangs a sword. 

Elizabeth Norwood wears a French hood with a hanging 
veil, a large ruff like her husband. The over-gown is thrown 
back a little, to show the plaited partlet. Her costume is 
marked by extreme simplicity and lack of embroidery work, 
which so lavishly bedecked the dresses at this period. 

Behind her kneel two daughters somewhat similarly attired, 

but with no veils to their head- 
dresses. 

The husband and wife are 
kneeling to a low fald-stool with 
a flat desk, on which two open 
books are lying. The book in 
front of William Norwood has 
leather thongs for fastenings, 
and the one before his wife has 
clasps. 

Heraldry — Over the fald- 
stool is their coat of arms (134): 
Ermineacrossgules, Norwood, 
impaling Argent, 2 lions passant 
gules Lygon. Above the wife 
and daughters is a scroll on 
which is engraved, Expecto donec veniat invitatio mea, 
" I wait until my summons may come." 

Inscription. — Below is the following inscription : — 

" ELIZABETHA NORWOODD, VXOR GVLIELMI NORWOODD 
ARMIGERI, CVI PEPERIT NOVEM FILIOS, FILIAS DVAS, 




134. Shield. 

Leckhampton. 



*Figs. 131, 133, 134 are * scale, and not I as the remaining illustrations, 



Monumental Brasses. 183 

ANOS NATA 50 \ APRILIS l6, ANO DNI I598, PIE 
ET FELICITER EXPIRAVIT IN CHRISTO. 
SCILICET VNDENA VIXI QV^ PROLE BEATA 
VNO NON POTVI FVNERE TOTA MORI 
I.I15ERIOR TOTV MIHI VITA EXCVRRIT IN ORBEM 
CJEL.V ANIMA TENEO POSTERITATE SOLV 
SI TELLVRE PO LOQ. FRVOR DEVISA, NECESSE EST 
DEFVNCTA NVLLO ME PERIISSE LOCO. 

"Elizabeth Norwood, wife of William Norwood, Esq., to 
whom she bore nine sons, two daughters, having lived fifty 
years, she piously and peacefully died in Christ, on April 16, 
A.D. 1598. 

"I, who eleven times did multiply 

Myself on earth, cannot in one death die ; 
Rather my lively sprite both world's shall roam, 
Heaven is my soul's — earth is my offspring's home; 
If then I freely range both spheres of space 
I perish not in any resting place." 
Portions lost. — None, and the whole composition is in a 
good state of preservation. 
Illustrations. — None. 

Memoir. — The family of Norwood is of high antiquity and 
consequence, and is regularly traced from Johnde Northwode, 
of Northwood Chasteners, in the Isle of Sheppey, Co. Kent. 
John de Northwode was summoned as a Baron of Parliament 
in 1294, which Barony became extinct in 1375. A descendant 
of a brother of the first Baron migrated into this country, and 
in consequence of his marriage with Eleanor Giffard became 
possessed of the manorial estate at Leckhampton. From him 
descended William Norwood, who married Elizabeth Lygon. 
The epitaphs of William and of his son Richard are thus given 
by Bigland : — 

" Here was buryed the body of William Norwood, Esq., 
who died September the 23, 1632. 

Here lyeth the body of Richard Norwood, the eldest son 
of William Norwood, Esqvyer, who deceased the xii. day of 
January. Anno Domini, 1630." 

The following interesting particulars are taken from 
Miscellanea Genealogica et Heraldica, edited by Dr. Howard, 
N.S.,vol.ii,p.43. The representation of the seal and autograph of 
William Norwood here given (135), are copied from a deed in the 



184 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 



possession of the late Rev. C. B. Trye, of Leckhampton Court. 
The indenture is dated 21 November, Jac. I., between Thomas 
Fogge, of Clerkenwell, in the county of Middlesex, Esq., 
William Norwood, of Leckhampton, in the county of 
Gloucester, Esquire, and Anne, his wife, mother of the said 
Thomas Fogge, John Sackville, of Sedlescombe in the county 
of Sussex, gentlemen, on the one part ; and Sir Samuel 







tyy wmmqlf 






*F'g- 135- 
Seal and Autograph of William Norwood. 

Peyton, of Knolton, in the County of Kent, Knight and 
Baronet, and Sir Robert Darrell, of Calehill, in the County 
of Kent, Knight, and Thomas Hales, of the City of Canter- 
bury, Esq., on the other part, relating to the manor of 
Southcombe, Kent. 

Anne (born 1555) daughter of Christopher Sackville, Esq., 
married Richard Fogge, of Tilmanshort, county Kent, Esq. 
He died 1598, October, leaving three daughters and Thomas 
Fogge, born 28 August, 1585, mentioned above. 

This Anne Sackwel appears from this deed to have married 
William Norwood, although in the pedigree entered by him in 
the Visitation of Gloucestershire, 1623, such fact is not men- 
tioned. The only wife ascribed him there is Elizabeth Lygon, 
by whom he had many children. He survived till 23 September, 
1632. Elizabeth Norwood was a daughter of Wm. Lygon by 
Eleanor, daughter of Sir Wm. Dennes, Knt. She was grand- 
daughter of Sir Richard Lygon, Knt., who married Margaret, 
sole daughter and heiress of Sir William GrevilleJ of Arle 
Court, near Cheltenham, and by her the Lygons became 
possessed of that manor. 

* Kindly lent by Messrs. Mitchell & Hughes, Ye Wardour Press, London. 
f Vide No.XLVII, of this series, p. 113. Cheltenham, Sir William Greville, 1513 



Monumental Brasses. 185 

Feet of Fines, 36 Eliz. Trinity. Betw. William Lygon, 
Esq., George Blunte, Esq., John Stywarde, Esq., and 
Augustin Stywarde, Esq., Q., and William Norwoode, Esq., and 
Elizabeth, his wife, def., of the Manor of Leckhampton, with 
app'ces and 60 mess., &c, and ^"24 rent in Leckhampton, in 
co. Glouc. And of the Manor of Uphatherley with app'ces 
and 2 mess., &c, and 2 shillings rent in Uphatherley, in the 
County of the City of Gloucester. Whereupon, &c. Warranty 
to William Lygon, George, John, and Augustin, and the heirs 
of William, against William Norwood and Elizabeth, and the 
heirs of William. And for this, &c, they have given to William 
Norwood and Elizabeth, /"8oo. 



lxxvl— ciifforO Cbambers. 

Elizabeth, daughter of Hercules Raynsford and wife of 
Edward Marrowe, Esq., of Barkswell, Warwickshire, 1601, 
loose. — Haines. 

Position. — When I rubbed this brass in 1882, the two 
pieces forming this memorial were lying loose in the church, 
but I have much pleasure in adding that at the restoration in 
1887, they were let into a stone slab, and erected over the 
door between the chancel and vestry, on the north wall with 
the other monuments of the Raynsfords. The original position 
of these fragments could not be ascertained, so it was thought 
by the rector and the architect (Mr. John Cotton, Birmingham) 
desirable to place them with the other Raynsford memorials 
altogether on the north side of the chancel. 

Size. — 2 ft. 7 in. x 10 in. and 1 ft. 9 in. x 6^ in. 

Description. — Elizabeth Marrowe has her hair well brushed 
back from the temples, she wears a French hood of the 
shape popularly appropriated to Mary, Queen of Scots, but 
this is nearly wholly hidden by a huge calash which covers 
the head and shoulders, and falls down behind the back 
nearly to the ground. A stiff ruff encircles her neck, but 
none are worn at the wrists ; instead neat cuffs appear. 
An embroidered stomacher peaked in front relieves the plain- 
ness of the rest of her costume. A slight farthingale supports 
the weight of her skirts, which barely reach her ankles. Low 
thick-soled shoes with a rosette in front encase her feet (136). 



1 86 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

In her arms she carries a little babe wrapped in swaddling 
clothes. Over its head is thrown a small hood, a little ruff is 
round its throat, and on its breast is a plaited bib. 




Fig. 136. ElizabethJMarrowe. 1601. 
Clifford Chambers. 



She is represented erect, slightly turned to her right, and 
holding her babe on her right arm. 



Monumental Brasses. 



187 




Fig. 137. Shield. 1601. 

Clifford Chambers. 

See p. 174. 



Inscription. — Beneath is this inscription : — 

VNDER THIS STONE LYETH THE BODY OF ELIZABETH | 
DAVGHTER OF HERCVLES RAINSFORD OF CLIFFORD IN YE | 
COVNTY OF GLOC I ESQVIRE, MARRIED TO EDWARD MAR | ROWE 
SONNE AND HEIRE OF SAMVELL MARROWE | OF BARKSWELL IN 
THE COVNTIE OF WARWICK ESQ | WH ELIZABETH DECEASED THE 
29 OF OCTOB' l60I. 

Heraldry. — In Rudder, mention 
is made of another piece of " brass " on 
which was " a scutcheon, Baron and 
femme. i. Argent, a /esse engrailed 
sable between 3 boars' heads couped 
proper for Marrowe. 2. — Rainsford 
as above,"* which is Argent, a cross 
sable (137). This at the restoration 
in 1887 was placed over the head of 
Eliz. Marrowe. 

Illustrations. — Bristol and Glouces- 
tershire Archaeological Society Trans. 
Vol. XIV. plate 7. 
Portions lost. — A part of the shield. 

Memoir. — Edward Marrowe, of Berkswell, Warwickshire, 
son and heir of Samuel Marrowe, is represented in Dugdale's 
Warwickshire, p. 718, as having married Ursula, daughter of 
Rich. Fienes, Lord Say and Sele : by her he had Samuel his 
heir, Thomas, Edward, Franciscus, Georgius, Johannes: he 
died anno 1632. In Camden's Visitation, 1619 {Harleian 
Society Publications), "Sir Edw. Marowe, of Barkswell, 
Kt." is shown as having been married twice, 1st to " Elizb. 
Da., of — Barnes, of Gainsfford, of Gloucest., by whom he 
had one child, Elizabeth, and secondly to Ursula, as given 
above. " Barnes, of Gainsfford, of Gloucest.," was very 
probably Hercules Rainsford, of Clifford Chambers. In the 
Raynsford pedigree in the Genealogist, vol. II, it is stated that 
Elizabeth, daughter of Hercules Raynsford, married Edward, 
son of Samuel Marrowe, of Berkswell. 

lxxvii.— mormington. 

Anne, eldest daughter of Richard Daston, and wife of 
John Savage, Esq., of Nobury, Worcestershire, 1605, JE. 25, 
in childbed, with infant, marginal inscription. — Haines. 
* See p. 174. 



1 88 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

Position. — Affixed to the south wall of the chancel. 

Size. — 2 ft. 9 in. x 2 ft. 4 in. 

Description. — Anne Savage is represented in bed with her 
babe lying on the coverlid near her. The bed is one of the 
old-fashioned " four-posters." The curtains are looped back 
to the posts. She lies propped up by a high pillow, the 
coverlid is neatly turned down, and a fringed rug is thrown 




Fig. 138. Anne Savage. 1605. Wormington. 



over her. She wears a close cap, and a close fitting dress with 
an embroidered front. Her arms rest on the coverlid, and 
her hands are clasped in prayer. Her babe is swathed in 
long bands round its under clothes and over its head (138). 



Monumental Brasses. 



189 



Inscription. — Beneath is this inscription : — 

FILIOLVS, CONIVX, PATER EFFERA FATA QVERVTVR 

QViE dilectam Annam Sauage eripvere marito 
et primogenitam Daston velvt altera phoenix 
dvm parit illa perit, dvm partvrit, interit Anna 
Anna anima e ccelo lvstris iam qvinqve peractis 

IN CCELVM REDIJT SED TERRA HUIC OSSA RELIQVIT. 

This may be rendered : — 
Child, spouse, and sire the cruel fate lament 
Which tore their Anna from their husband's love 
Her father's firstborn offspring — but she went, 
E'en as a Phoenix seeks to rise above. 
Dying, new life she gave, she passed away 
Leaving the promise of a longer day. 
Five lustres from heaven's court her soul had strayed 
Now thither mounts — in earth her bones are laid. 

Around the margin is : — 

HERE LYETH BVRIED THE BODYE OF ANNE | SAVAGE THE 
WIFE OF IOHN SAVAGE | OF NOBVRY IN THE COVNTY OF 
WORCESTER | XVII. DAY OF JUNE, 1605, BEINGE OF | 

This inscription is not now complete. 





Fig. 139. Shields. 1605. Wormington. 



Heraldry.— Fixed on either side of the brass are two 
shields : — Argent, six lions rampant sable — Savage, and 
Quarterly, one and four, Gules on a bend or three mullets sable. 
Daston. Two and three, or a fess wavy between six billets 



I go Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

sable, Dumbleton. (139)- These arms also appear on the 
brass to Anthony Daston, 1572, in Broadway Church. 

Illustrations. — I know of none. 

Portions lost. — A part of the marginal inscription. 

Memoir. — The inscription tells of her being the eldest 
daughter of Richard Daston : he died seized of property in 
Wormington held of Corpus Christi College, Oxford, and left 
by Ann his wife two sons, Anthony and Edward. In the 
Parish Registers of Broadway occurs this entry : — Baptisms, 
1580, May 22, Anne, daughter of Mr. Richard Daston. 



lxxviii.— Bbbenball. 

Richard Pyrke, of Micheldean, 1609, czt. 60, and wife Joan, 
daughter of John Ayleway, Gent., with their sons, Thomas 
and Robert. Chancel. — Haines. 

Position. — On the floor in the middle of the chancel. 

Size. — 5 ft. 8in. x 2 ft. 2 in. 

Description. — In accordance with the prevailing custom of 
this period, Richard Pyrke has his beard and hair closely 
trimmed, but the moustache is not so closely cut. 

He wears a long gown with false sleeves, beneath is seen 
the peascod doublet, above which is a stiffly plaited ruff. 
Trunk hose and low shoes complete his outward apparel. 

Joan has her hair well brushed back into a hood, above 
which is a broad-rimmed hat, wreathed round the crown ; this 
headdress was generally worn by persons living in the 
country. A stiff ruff is round her neck. She wears a long 
bodied stomacher with rounded point at the waist, and plainly 
plaited. A slight hoop supports her dress, which barely 
reaches her insteps. Her low shoes have thick soles and are 
fastened by a little rosette. 

On a plate of brass beneath are engraved the figures of 
their two sons. The one wears a long gown reaching to his 
heels, above is a broad collar instead of the ruff. The gown 
conceals the rest of his clothing except the sleeves of the 
doublet. The other son wears a short cloak with a broad 
collar. The doublet is fastened at the waist by a buckle, but 
the characteristic buttons down the front are not shewn. He 
wears trunk hose, tight stockings, and low shoes (140). 



Monumental Brasses. 



191 



All are erect, with hands uplifted in the attitude of prayer. 
The husband has his wife on his left, and is slightly turned 
towards her, and she is slightly turned towards him. The 
sons are both slightly turned to their left. 




Fig. 140. 



Thomas and Robert Pyrke. 
Abbenhall. 



1609. 



Inscription. — Between the figures of the husband and wife 
and those of their sons is the following inscription : — 

HERE LYETH THE BODY OF RICHARD PYRKE OF MICHELL 
DEANE I IN THE COVNTYE OF GLOVR & IOHAN' HIS WIFE YE 
DAUGHTER OF IOHN AYLEWAY GENT : WCH RICHARD DIED THE 
23 DAYE OF OCTOBER ANNO DNI 1609 AGED LX YEARES. 

On another plate of brass below the sons is : — 

HERE LYETH THE BODIES OF THOMAS PYRKE & | ROBT PYRKE 
SONNES OF THE SAID RICHARD & IOHAN' WCH THOMAS DIED 
THE DAY OF ANNO DNI AGED ROBT DIED YE 

I DAY OF ANNO DNI AGED 

The blank spaces in this inscription have not been filled up. 



ig2 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

On the stone below this inscription are cut the following 
words : — 

HERE LYETH THE BODYE OF | DUNCOMBE PYRKE 2D SON OF 
NATH. PYRKE, ESQR., WH DEPARTED | THIS LIFE OCTR gTH 
ANO DNI 1725 I ^TATIS SU.E 34 

Between the heads of husband and wife is : — 

CHRISTVS MIHI VITA 
MORS MIHI LVCRVM. 

which may be rendered 

" Christ is my life, Death to me is gain." 
Illustrations. — None. 
Portions Lost. — A piece of the wife's head-dress. 

Lxxix.-TTc^enbam. 

William Molton, Esq., 1614, and wife Millicent, daughter 
of Gilse Spencer, Esq., of Nurthen, Warwickshire, 1604. 
Out of 12 children he left 3 married. 12 English verses, 
mural, chancel. — Haines. 

Position. — Over the vestry door on the north wall of the 
chancel. 

Size. — 2 ft. 6 in. X 1 ft. 10J in. 

Description. — William Molton is dressed in the ordinary 
costume of the period. His hair and beard are cut close. 
He wears doublet with broad cuffs, trunk hose, and low 
shoes, over all he wears a short sleeveless cloak. The stiff 
ruff is still sported. 

His wife has her hair well brushed back into a small hood, 
from her shoulders spring an enormous projection — the calash 
headdress ; within is a large stiff ruff, much like that of her 
companion. Her peaked stomacher is braided horizontally. 
Over her shoulders is a small cape, her long dress covers her 
feet. 

Both are shown nearly facing each other, kneeling on 
hassocks with tassels at each corner on a tiled pavement. 
Between them is an altar on which is a double reading desk, 
and a book lies open before each of them. Above the desk is 
a coat of arms. (141). 

The whole brass plate has a twisted cable ornament for 
border. 



Monumental Brasses. 



193 



Inscription. — Beneath is a long inscription : — 
Stay Passenger this tvmb doth hovld 
A coffin fvll of holy movld 
If vertve have a grave lo heer 
Religiovs care and love syncere, 
Wise goverment and zeale wel led 
A davntlese covrage hvmble dread 
Bovnty of hand and chere of face 
Good natvre perfected by grace 
And which gave lyfe to all the rest 
A trve harte in a fravde lese brest 
If these on earth were lately mist 
Lo whear they ly in Movltone chist. 





** 
** 

'**) 



HEERE LYETHE BODYES OF WILLIAM 
MOLTON, OF TODDENHAM, ESQ., AND 
MILLICENT HIS WYFE, DAVGHTER OF 

GILSE SPENCER, OF NVRTHEN OF 

WARWICKSHIRE, ESQ., WHICH MILLI 

CENT DYED THE 10 OF DESEMBER, 1604 

AND WILLIAM AFTER LOVNG SIKNES 

DYED THE VI. OF IANUARY, 1614, HAVING 

BEFORE HIS DEATH MARIED 3 DAVGHTERS 

THE ONLY CHILDREN THEN REMAYNING 

OF 12, WHERE OF THE I WAS MARYED 

TO THOMAS BAVFOV, ESQ., SONNE 

AND HEIER TO SER THOMAS BAVFOV, 

KNIGHT, THE 2 TO RICHARD SAVADGE, 

SONNE AND HEYER OF WALTER SAVADGE, 

ESQ., THE 3 TO WILLIAM WILLOVGHBY, 

OF NORMANTON, ESQ. 



Heraldry. — Argent, three bars gules 
charged with seven^escallops, three, 
two and two, Molton, impaling azure, 
six sea-mews' heads erased argent, 
Spencer. 



Fig. 141. Shield. 1604. 
Todenham. 



Illustrations. — None. 
Portions lost. — None. 



194 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 



Lxxx.-flMnets. 

[Nich Poulett, Esq.] in arm, and wife [Marg. daughter of 
Thos. Hungerford] c. 1620, with 4 children, Amyes, Elizth, 
Mary, Edight, inscription covered (?) quadrangular plate, 
mural, North Aisle. — Haines. 

Position. — On North wall of North Aisle. 

Size. — 1 ft. 8 in. x 1 ft. 

Description. — The husband is represented bare-headed, the 
beard trimmed to a point which rests on the stiff ruff round 
his neck ; the paldrons have an escalloped edge, the cuirass is 
plain with a projecting edge, to it are attached tasses buckled 
over his trunk hose. The arms and legs are encased in plate 
armour and the hinges and rivets are plainly shewn ; spurs 
with rowels not clearly defined are fastened to the jambs, a 
broad sword belt hangs loosely, on his right side a dagger, on 
his left a sword. One son, Ames, kneels behind him, of who;-e 
dress only the ruff and long cloak with false sleeves are shown. 

Mary Powlett has a French hood with a pendent veil. 
Like her husband she wears the cumbrous ruff, the sleeves of 
her dress are of moderate size, with ornamental wings on the 
shoulder. Her peaked stomacher is fastened by a sash, the 
gown is thrown back to show the petticoat ornamented by 
scales. Behind her kneel three daughters, Elizabeth, Mary 
and Edight, who are dressed similarly to their mother, except 
the shoulders have no ornaments and their petticoats are plain. 

The husband and wife are kneeling with hands clasped in 
prayer on tasselled cushions facing each other, the wife being 
on the husband's left hand ; the family kneel on the tiled 
pavement. Behind is a pillar in the middle, thus dividing the 
wall into two compartments. Over the heads of the figures 
are the names of those commemorated ; starting on the left 
they read as follows : — 

AMES POWLETT, NICOLAS 
POWLETT, MARY POWLETT, 
ELIZABETH, MARY, EDIGHT. 

Heraldry. — On the wall at the back of the father and son 
is a shield : — Sable, three swords in pile, the points in base, 
argent, pomels and hilts or, Powlett. On the left of the 
shield is a dexter arm in armour, gauntletted, brandishing a 



Monumental Brasses. 



195 



sword, and on the right, a dexter hand, bare, holding a sword 
bearing the label, gardes la foy (Keep the faith) — the Powlett 
crest. Above the wife is a shield: — Sable, two bars ermine, in 
chief three plates, a crescent for difference, Hungerford. On 
the left is a garb between two sickles proper, rising from a 
crown, on the right three sickles braced in a triangle with a 
mullet in the centre. On the wall beneath of svfferans 

COMES EASE. (142). 




Fig. 142. Crests. 1620. Minety. 

Illustrations. — None. 

Portions Lost. — There is no inscription. 

Memoir. — Rudder says : " I take this Nich's Powlett to 
be second son of Sir Hugh Powlett, who died in the reign of 
Queen Elizabeth, and was ancester to the present Earl 
Poulet." 

He married Mary, daughter of Thomas Hungerford, of 
the Lea, Wiltshire. In the Visitation of Gloucestershire only 
one son is mentioned, Amyas, of Thornbury, who married 

Christian, daughter of Purnell, of Wooton. They 

had one son, William, "4 yere old, 1623." There are no 
Paulet entries in the Minety Parish Registers, and no inscrip- 
tion, so the Rev. W. W. A. Butt, M.A., informs me. 



lxxxi.— Cirencester. 

Mr. John Gunter, 1624, set. 89, buried at Kintbury, Berks, 
and wife, Alice, 1626, aet. 86. Jo. Plat, their son-in-law, and 
executor pos. St. Catherine's Chapel. — Haines. 

Position. — Lady Chapel. 

Size. — 1 ft. 10 in. x 1 ft. 8£ in. 

Description. — For the following account of this brass I am 
indebted to a paper " On the Monumental Brasses at Ciren- 
cester," by the Rev. W. E. Hadow, M.A., and published in 
the Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeo- 
logical Society for 1877. 



ig6 



Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 




1624. 



"John Gunter and his wife are represented in the stiff 
dresses of the latter part of the sixteenth and early part of 
the seventeenth century, from Elizabeth's later years to the 

beginning of Charles I.'s 
reign. The man wears 
a long furred robe, the 
sleeves of which are or- 
namented with velvet and 
shewing the sleeves of the 
doublet beneath. Around 
his neck is a ruff, and frills 
round his wrists, the head 
is bare and the beard is 
cut in the quaint and 
formed way not uncom- 
mon in the time of James 
I. The woman wears a 
broad brimmed hat (143), 
a ruff round the neck, 
and a stiff-bodied full- 
buttoned dress with tight 
sleeves. The inferiority of the execution of this brass to 
those of earlier date is very apparent, and the attempt to 
give the effect of shading by means of hatched lines is very 
poor. It is, however, very usual in brasses of this and 
subsequent periods." 

The brass at Kintbury is an 
exact copy of this brass, with the 
exception of the inscription. 

Inscription. — The inscription is 
in capitals : — 

MR. JOHN GUNTER AND ALICE HIS 
WIFE BEING FULL AS OF YEARS 
SO OF BOUNTY AND CHARITY ARE 
GATHERED | TO THEIR FATHERS IN 
PEACE. SHEE WAS HERE BURYED | 
1 8° MARTII AO. DNI, 1626, AGED 86 
YEARF.S. HEE WAS | BURYED AT KYNT- 
BURY IN THE COUNTY OF BERKS | WITH THE LIKE MONUMENT 2D 
JANVARII, AO. DNI | 1624, AGED 89 YEARS. | JOS. PLAT Ar. 
EORONDM. GENER ET ExECR Hoc POSUIT. 



Fig. 143. Alice Gunter. 
Cirencester. 




Fig. 144. Shield. 1624. 
Kintbury. 



Monumental Brasses. 197 

Heraldry. — The shield is lost at Cirencester, but fortu- 
nately it still remains at Kintbury, where it is charged: — 
Sable, three sinister gauntlets argent, with a crescent for 
difference. Gunter. (144)- 

Illustrations. — None. 

Portions lost. — Shield. 

Memoir. — By the kindness of the Rev. A. W. H. Edwards, 
M.A., Vicar of Kintbury, I copied the following from the 
Kintbury Registers: — " 1624, John Gunter, gent' was buried 
the second day of January." Tradition says his brother was 
slain in trying to save John Hampden, at the Battle of 
Chalgrave Field, June, 1643. 

lxxxii.— Bristol, St James. 

Henry Gibbes and wife Ann, not recorded by Haines. 

Size. — 1 ft. 7 in. x 2 ft. 2 in. 

Description. — Henry Gibbes has short hair, beard, and 
moustache. Around his neck is a widely plaited frill. His 
gown is long with fur edged and short full sleeves also edged 
with fur. The sleeve of the doublet is seen from the elbow, 
at the wrist is a frill. His shoes are low with high heels. 
Behind him kneel four sons with curly hair, beard and 
moustache. One son has a collar with a frilled edge both at 
neck and wrists, and others have plain collars. They wear 
loose cloaks with wide lappets. The doublet is shewn, also 
the shoes with high heels. 

Ann Gibbes is wearing a low hat with a wide brim 
depressed before and behind. A wide frill is round her neck 
and on her shoulders a cape. The sleeves of her dress are 
moderately lull with turned down cuffs with escalloped edges 
at the wrist. Her dress is long and flowing. The four 
daughters kneeling behind her are dressed like their mother 
except that one wears a cap with brim turned back, thus 
showing her face. 

The husband is represented much larger in size than his 
wife. They were all kneeling with hands upraised in prayer. 
Between husband and wife, who kneel on cushions, is a table 
draped, and on it a reading desk with a book before each. 
Over the desk is a winged skull bearing an hour-glass (145). 



Monumental Brasses. 199 

Inscription. — Beneath is this inscription : — 

HERE LYETH YE BODY OF HENRY GIBBES SOME TIME MAYER 
& I ALLDERMAN OF THIS CITTY WHO HAD ISSVE BY ANN HIS 
WIFE 4 I SONNES & 4 DAVGHTERS HEE DEPARTED THIS LIFE THE 
I9TH DAY I OF MAY ANNO D'NI : 1636 : AGED 73 | 

ALSO HERE LYETH YE BODY OF ANN GIBBES WIFE VNTO 

YE J ABOVE NAMED HENRY GIBBES WHO DEPARTED THIS LIFE 

THE I5TH DAY OF DECEMB' I ANNO DNI 163I. AGED JO. 

Illustrations. — None. 

Portions lost. — None. 

Memoir. — Henry Gibbs, brewer, resided in St. James' 
Back, at that time a very different neighbourhood to the 
present, as the remains of mediaeval mansions testify. He was 
a son of W. Gibbes. Bedminster. He married Anne, the 
sister of Matthew Warren, and was Mayor in 1624 His 
third son Philip went to Barbadoes and was ancestor of Sir 
Philip Gibbs, Bart. During his official year it was ordered 
that "no burgess of this city should buy any merchandise from 
strangers within the liberties of this city on pain to lose 12 
pence on every pound." His daughter Elizabeth married 
Thomas Lloyd, Mary married Richard Neathaway, Margaret 
married William Bird, and the fourth daughter married 
Walter Stevens, the leader of the iconoclastic mob who, in 1642, 
destroyed the Virgin Mary Chapel on Bristol Bridge. 

"On his route from Plymouth to London, Galigha, a 
Turkish Pasha, arrived in Bristol, March 31st, and was royally 
entertained by the Mayor, Henry Gibbes." — Bristol Past and 
Present. 




Summary. 



The Monumental Brasses are scattered all over the county 
of Gloucester, from Clifford Chambers in the north to Bristol 
in the south, from Lechlade in the east to Micheldean in the 
west. A^ may be anticipated, the parish churches of the 
Woolstaplers at Chipping Campden, Cirencester and North- 
leach, contain many more Brasses than occur in other parts 
of the county. The city of Gloucester, with its magnificent 
cathedral, is not well represented on the list — matrices tell the 
sad tale of spoliation. 

The Brasses may be divided into the following classes: — 

I. ECCLESIASTICAL. 

Nameless Priest (21), c. 1460, Temple Church, Bristol, 
p. 58; Robert Lond (22), 1461, St. Peter's, Bristol, p. 58; 
Ralph Parsons (29), 1478, Cirencester, p. 75; Priest (31), 
c. 1480, Cirencester, p. 81 ; eldest son of John and Elyn 
Hampton (46) c. 1510, Minchinhampton, whilst their eldest 
daughter, Dame Alice, is habited as a nun, p. no ; Priest (53), 
c. 1520, Dowdeswell, p. 124; William Lawnder (61), c. 1530, 
Northleach, p. 139; These call for no special comment with 
the exception of Priest (31), c. 1480, Cirencester, who is in a 
cassock. 

II. MILITARY. 

Thomas, 4th Lord Berkeley (2), 1392, Wotton-under- 
Edge, p. 2; Sir Morys Russel (8), 1401, Dyrham, p. 25; 
Richard Dixton (12), 1438, Cirencester, p. 33; Man in 
Armour (16), c. 1445, Newland, p. 44; William Prelatte 
(24), 1462, Cirencester, p. 62 ; Philip Mede (27), 1475, St. 
Mary Redcliff, Bristol, p. 69 ; John Tame (40), 1500, Fairford, 
p. 98 ; Morys and Sir Walter Denys (44), 1505, Olveston, 
p. 106; Roger Porter, (56), 1523, Newent, p. 129; Sir 



Summary. 201 

Edmond Tame (62 & 63), 1534, Fairford, p. 141; Sir John 
Greville (65), 1546, Weston-upon-Avon, p. 158 ; Sir Edward 
Greville, (66), 1559, Weston-upon-Avon, p. 162 ; Hercules 
Raynsford (70), 1583, Clifford Chambers, p. 172; Nicholas 
Poulett (80), c. 1620, Minety, p. 194. 

III. JUDICIAL. 

Sir John Cassey (4), 1400, Deerhurst, p. to ; Sir John Juyn 
(13), 1439, St. Mary Redcliff, Bristol, p. 37 ; Sir William 
Greville (47), 1513, Cheltenham, p. 113; John Brook (55), 
1522, St. Mary Redcliff, Bristol, p. 127. 

John Edward (23), 1461, Rodmarton, is termed in lege peritus. 

IV. CIVILIAN (excluding children). 

Civilian (3), 1396, Temple Church, Bristol, p. 9 ; Wine 
Merchant (?), (5), c. 1400, Cirencester, p. 16; Wool Merchant 
(6), c. 1400, Northleach, p. 19 ; William Grevel (7), 1401, 
Chipping Campden, p. 21 ; John Barstaple (9), 141 1, Trinity 
Almshouses, Bristol, p. 28 ; Robert Page (14), 1440, Ciren- 
cester, p. 39 ; Reginald Spycer (15), 1442, Cirencester, p. 42 ; 
Thomas Fortey, William Scors (17), 1447, Northleach, p. 48; 
William Welley (18), 1450, Chipping Campden, p. 51 ; John 
Townsend (19), c. 1450, Lechlade, p. 52 ; John Fortey (20), 
1458, Northleach, p. 54 ; John Lethenard (25), 1467, Chipping 
Campden, p. 66; William Notyngham (26), c. 1470. Cirences- 
ter, p. 68; Thomas Rowley (28), 1478, St. John, Bristol, p. 73; 
John Jay (30), c. 1480, St. Mary Redcliff, Bristol, p. 76 ; Civilian 
(32), c. 1480, Cirencester, p. 81 ; William Gybbys (33), 1484, 
Chipping Campden, p. S2 ; Woolman (35), c . 1485, Northleach, 
p. 87; John Taylour (36), c. 1490, Northleach, p. 89; John 
Ceysyll (37), 1493, Tormarton, p. 91 ; John Benet (38), 1497, 
Cirencester, p. 94; John Camber (39), 1497, Sevenhampton, 
p. 95 ; Civilian (42), c. 1500, Minchinhampton, p. 103 ; Robert 
Serche (43), 1501, Northleach, p. 105; John Twinyhow 
(45), c. 1510, Lechlade, p. 109 ; Edward Halyday (51), 1519, 
Minchinhampton, p. 122 ; W 7 alter Hichman (54), 1521, 
Kempsford, p. 126; William Freme (58), 1526, Berkeley, p. 
132 ; Thomas Bushe (59), 1526, Northleach, p. 135 ; John 
Seames (63a), 1540, St. John, Gloucester, p. 149 ; John Cook 



202 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

(64), 1544, Crypt Church, Gloucester, p. 154; Richard Coton 
(67), 1560, Whittington, p. 163 ; Nicholas Thorne (68), 1570, 
Grammar School, Bristol, p. 165 ; William Gyttyns (71), 1586, 
St. Werburgh, Bristol, p. 176; Philip Marner (72), 1587, 
Cirencester, p. 177 ; William Hodges (73), 1590, Weston-sub- 
Edge, p. 179; Alexander Staples (74), 1590, Yate, p. 180; 
William Norwoodd (75), c. 1598, Leckhampton, p. 181 ; 
Richard Pyrke (78), 1609, Abbenhall, p. 190; William Molton 
(79), 1614, Todenham, p. 192 ; John Gunter (81), 1624, Ciren- 
cester, p. 195 ; Henry Gibbes (82), 1636, St. James, Bristol, 
p. 197. 

V. LADIES (excluding children). 

These may be divided into two classes : (a) those who are 
represented by themselves ; (b) those who are with their 
husbands. 

(a) Lady (1) c. 1370, Winterbourne, p. 1 ; Isabella 
Barstaple (10), c. 1411, Trinity Almshouses, Bristol, p. 28; 
Joan Clopton (11), c. 1430, Quinton, p. 30; Lady, Palimpsest 
(21), c. 1460, Temple Church, Bristol, p. 58; Mary and Alice, 
wives of Thomas Baynham (34), c. 1485, Micheldean, p. 83 ; 
Katharine Sewell (48), 15 15, Bisley, p. 115; Elizabeth Knevet 
(49), 1518, Eastington. p. 117; Alys and Agnes, wives of 
William Henshawe (50), 15 19, St. Michael, Gloucester, p. 119; 
Lady (52), c. 1520, Deerhurst, p. 124 ; Elizabeth Rowdon (57), 
1525, Deerhurst, p. 131 ; Two Ladies (60), c. 1530, Ciren- 
cester, p. 138; Avice Tyndall (69), 1571, Thornbury, p. 169; 
Elizabeth Marrowe (76), 1601, Clifford Chambers, p. 185; 
Anne Savage (77), 1605, Wormington, p. 187. 

(b) Margaret, wife of Lord Berkeley (2), 1392, Wotton- 
under-Edge, p. 2; Alice Cassy (41, 1400, Deerhurst, p. 10; 

Margaret (5), c. 1400, Cirencester, p. 16; Wife (6), 

c. 1400, Northleach, p. 19; Marion Grevel (7), 1401, Chipping 
Campden, p. 21; Isabel Russel (8), 1401, Dyrham, p. 25 ; 
Margaret Page (14), 1440, Cirencester, p. 39 ; Margaret 
Juliana, Margaret, Joan Spycer (15), 1442, Cirencester, p. 42 ; 
Wife (16), c. 1445, Newland, p. 44 ; Agnes Scors (17), 1447, 
Northleach, p. 48; Alice Welley (18), 1450, Chipping Campden, 

p. 51 ; ..Townsend (19), c. 1450, Lechlade, p. 52 ; Agnes 

and Joan Prelatte (24), 1462, Cirencester, p. 62 ; Joan 
Lethenard (25), 1467, Chipping Campden, p. 66 ; Cristina 



Summary. 203 

Nottingham (26), c. 1470, Cirencester, p. 68; and 

Isabel Mede (27), 1475, St. Mary Redcliff, Bristol, p. 69 ; 
Margaret Rowley (28), 1478, St. John, Bristol, p. 28; Joan 
Jay (30), c. 1480, St. Mary Redcliff, Bristol, p. 76 ; Wife (32), 
c. 1480, Cirencester, p. 81 ; Alice, Margaret and Marion 
Gybbys (33), 1484, Chipping Campden, p. 82; Wife (35), c. 
1485, Northleach, p. 87; Joan Taylour (36), c. 1490, North- 
leach, p. 89; Agnes Benet (38), 1497, Cirencester, p. 94; 
Alice Tame (40), 1500, Fairford, p. 98; Wife (42), c. 1500, 
Minchinhampton, p. 103 ; Anne Serche (43), 1501, Northleach, 
p. 105 ; Elyn Hampton (46), c. 1510, Minchinhampton, p. 
no; Greville (47), 1513, Cheltenham, p. 113; Mar- 
gery Halyday (51), 1519, Minchinhampton, p. 122; Crestyan 
Hichman (54), 1521, Kempsford, p. 126; Joan Brook (55), 
1522, St. Mary Redcliff, Bristol, p. 127; Joan Bushe (59), 
1526, Northleach, p. 135 ; Agnes and Elizabeth Tame (62, 
63)> I 534> Fairford, p. 141 ; Elizabeth and Agnes Seames 
63A), 1540, St. John, Gloucester, p. 149 ; Joan Cook (64), 
1544, Crypt Church, Gloucester, p. 154; Margaret Coton 
(67), 1560, Whittington, p. 163; Mary and Bridget Thorne 
(68), 1570, Grammar School, Bristol, p. 165; Elizabeth 
Raynsford (70), 1583, Clifford Chambers, p. 172 ; Mary 
Gyttyns (71), 1586, St. Werburgh, Bristol, p. 176 ; Avis and 
Elizabeth Staples (74), 1590, Yate, p. 180 ; Elizabeth Nor- 
woodd (75). c. 1598, Leckhampton, p. 181 ; Joan Pyrke (78), 
1609, Abbenhall, p. 190 ; Millicent Molton (79), 1614, Toden- 
ham, p. 192; Mary Poulett (80), c. 1620, Minety, p. 194; 
Alice Gunter (81), 1626, Cirencester, p. 195 ; Ann Gibbes 
(82), 1636, Bristol, St. James, p. 197. 

VI. CHILDREN. 

Robert Page (14) has fourteen children, p. 39 ; On Thomas 
Fortey's brass (17) are eight children, p. 48 ; John Jay (30) has 
fourteen children, p. 76 ; William Gybbys (33) has thirteen 
children, p. 82 ; Woolman (35) has four children, p. 87 ; John 
Taylour (36) has fifteen children, p. 89 ; Robert Serche (43) 
has four children, p. 105 ; John Hampton (46) has nine 
children, p. no ; Sir William Greville (47) has eleven children, 
p. 113; Katherine Sewell (48) has twelve children, p. 115; 
Walter Hichman (54) has four children, p. 126 ; Sir Edmond 



204 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

Tame (62) has five children, p. 141 ; Nicholas Thorne (68) 
has ten children, p. 165 ; Hercules Raynsford (70) has three 
children, p. 172; William Gyttyns (71) has ten children, p. 
176; Alexander Staples (74) has eleven children, p. 180; 
William Norwoodd (75) has eleven children, p. 181 ; Elizabeth 
Marrowe (76) has one child, p. 185; Anne Savage (77) has 
one child, p. 187; Richard Pyrke (78) has two children, p. 
190; Nicholas Poulett (80) has four children, p. 194; Henry 
Gibbes (82) has eight children, p. 197. 

See the inscription to John Seames (63a), the father of 
six and twenty, p. 152. 

VII. ECCENTRIC. 

Two of the brasses may be recorded under this head : John 
and Elyn Hampton (46) are in shrouds, p. no; and Anne 
Savage (77) is in bed, p. 187. 

VIII. CANOPIES. 

Groined canopies may be seen on Wine Merchant (5), p. 16, 
John Jay (30), p. 76 ; John Cook (64), p. 154. Canopies are 
also shewn on Sir John Cassy (4), p. 10 ; William Grevel (7), 
p. 21 ; Sir Morys Russel (8), p. 25 ; John Barstaple (9) and 
Isabella Barstaple (10), p. 28; Joan Clopton (n), p. 30; 
Richard Dixton (12), p. 33 ; Robert Page (14), p. 39 ; Thomas 
Fortey (17), p. 48 ; John Fortey (20), p. 54; John Jay (30), 
p. 76 ; Thomas Bushe (59), p. 135. This last is a very interest- 
ing example. 

IX. COATS OF ARMS. 

Sir John Cassy (4), p. 10 ; Wine Merchant (5), p. 16 ; 
William Grevel (7), a merchant's mark appears on the same 
memorial, p. 21 ; Sir Morys Russel (8), p. 25 ; Isabella 
Barstaple (9), p. 28; Joan Clopton (n), p. 30; Richard 
Dixton (12), p. 33; Sir John Juyn (13), p. 37; Man in 
Armour (16), the crest is worthy of notice, it represents a 
"free-miner," p. 44; Philip Mede (27), p. 69; Thomas 
Rowley (28), also a merchant's mark, p. 73 ; John Tame (40), 
p. 98 ; Morys Denys (44), p. 106 ; Elizabeth Knevet (49), p. 
117; Roger Porter (56) p. 129 ; Thomas Bushe (59), Arms of 
the Merchants of the Staple of Calais, p. 135 ; Sir Edmond 



Summary. 



205 



Tame (62 and 63), p. 141 ; Sir John Greville (65), p. 158 ; 
Sir Edward Greville (66), p. 162 ; Nicholas Thorne (68), p. 
165 , Hercules Raynsford (70), p. 172 ; William Norwoodd 
(75)> P- I 8i ; Elizabeth Marrowe (76), p. 185 ; Anne Savage 
(77), p. 187; William Molton (79), p. 192 ; Nicholas Poulett 
(80), p. 194. 

For a list of those whose armorial bearings are blazoned 
see the Index s.v. Heraldry. 

X. MERCHANTS' MARKS. 

William Grevel (7), p. 21 ; John Barstaple (9), p. 28 ; 
Robert Page (14), p. 39 ; Reginald Spycer (15), p. 42 ■ John 
Fortey (20), p. 54 ; Thomas Rowley (28), p. 73 ; John Jay 
(30), p. 76 ; Woolman (35), p. 87 ; John Taylour (36), p. 89 ; 
John Twinyhow (45), p. 109 ; Edward Halyday (51), p. 122 , 
Walter Hichman (54), p. 126; Thomas Bushe (59), p. 135. 

XI. BREAKS IN INSCRIPTIONS. 

Sir John Cassy (4), p. 10; Joan Clopton (nj, p. 30; 
Sir John Juyn (13), p. 37; Thomas Fortey (17), p. 48 ; John 
Ceysyll (37), p. 91. 




LOST BRASSES. 



Among one of the most painful duties which may fall to 
the chronicler is to deplore what is lost. With monumental 
brasses one has often the melancholy satisfaction of seeing 
the matrix, or indent, or casement of the brass ; and one can 
from these indents call up vividly the shape of the brass, and 
oftentime fill in the blank space with the incised memento of 
the departed worthy. 

The Rev. H. Haines records that the brasses have been 
" lost at Bishop's Cleeve, Churchdown, Painswick, and St. 
John the Baptist, Gloucester. At Churcham is the matrix of 
a large cross 14th Century." Fortunately portions of one of 
those lost at St. John the Baptist, Gloucester, have been 
found, and are described see p. 149. 

MATRICES. 

The following remarks are arranged under the names of 
the places where the brasses originally were. In some 
instances the matrices are left, and are noticed ; in the re- 
maining ones the descriptions taken from the County Histories 
are given. 

UBafcrninton. 

" There is a grey marble flatstone, inlaid with brass, upon 
which are engraved the figures of two knights; in a scutcheon, 
a lion rampant, and round the edge, in old black letters, 
IRaCuilpbus J6ottlei\ /JIMlCS Domtnus."— Rudder. 

The Vicar, Rev. G. H. Ford, B.A., writes under date 
4th January, 1898: "There is no trace of any brasses in 
Badminton Church." 

JStsbop's Cleeve. 

Rudder says : " There is also the figure of a military 
person upon a brass plate fixt on a stone in the chancel, with 



Lost Brasses. 



207 



his arms, three piles, and this inscription in old character: — 
armigcr qui obiit un&ecfmo Die mensts Juhj 

niocccoljjo quinto cujus aie p'pfcietuc Dciis amen." 

Atkyns records : " There is an effigies, in the chancel, of a 

soldier in brass, who died 1370." 

The Rev. Thos. Jesson, M.A., under date January 6th, 

1898, informs me that he can find no traces of any old brass 

in Bishop's Cleeve Church. 

Cburcbam. 

Not mentioned by Rudder, but Haines chronicles a large 
XIV cent, cross. 

The Rev. W. J. Selby, under date January 4th, 1898, 
writes: "I cannot find any trace of the cross; the church 
has, however, been twice restored since 1861 (once in conse- 
quence of fire), and consequently a great deal of the old work 
is gone." 

Gburcbbown. 

Not mentioned by Rudder. 

Cirencester. 

A. — An angel and lily pot, c. 1460, man, wife and children 

lost, north aisle. — Haines. 

In the north aisle is a slab measuring 36m. x 30m., the lily 

pot is in situ, there are indents, one on each side, and below the 
indents of the heads of man and wife. 
Possibly when Mr. Haines saw the slab 
it was more perfect. On the pillar near is 
the Angel Gabriel, and careful measure- 
ment shews that it will fit the indent on 
the left of the lily pot, and most probably 
there was a representation of the Virgin 
Mary on the opposite side, the whole 
composition representing the Annunciation. 
The Angel nimbed is three-quarters face 
and turned to his right and holding a 
mace in his right hand and a book in his 
left. The lily pot much resembles a modern 
cream jug and three sprays of flowering 
lilies are in it (146). 




Fig 146. Lily Pot, 
. 1460. Cirencester. 



208 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

B. — A civilian and wife, circa 1500, with four sons, one in 
academicals, and three daughters, between them a pot of lilies 
mutilated ; the wife, daughters and lily pot (which is loose), 
are now on the same slab with two female effigies ; inscription 
lost, mural. St. Catharine Chapel. Probably John Avenyng, 
1501, and wife Alice, relations, of Bishop Ruthall, of Dur- 
ham, born at Cirencester, whose mother's name wasAvening." 
— Haines. 

A rubbing of the brass when in situ has been kindly lent me 
by Mr. Mill Stephenson, F.S.A. (147). Unfortunately it is not 
known when it was rubbed, but it was at one time in the Rev. 
H. Haines's collection. It was not made by him, for when he 
chronicled the brasses the various portions had been dispersed. 
Kneeling at a prie-dieu is the husband, John Avenyng. 
His hair long, but cut across the forehead ; the face is clean 
shaven. His gown is long and covers his feet, though he is 
kneeling ; it is thrown open in front, but the usual fur facing 
does not appear. The sleeves are long and very open and 
deep at the wrists. The lappet on the left hand is thrown 
over the cushion and thus is shewn. His vest or under- 
garment appears both at the throat and wrists ; his hands are 
uplift in prayer. On the prie-dieu lies an open book which 
nearly covers the desk, the supports are so arranged as to 
have Gothic arches. Four sons kneel behind him. They are 
similarly habited to the father, except one wears a hood over 
his shoulders. Their hands are not clasped in prayer, only 
the tips of the fingers meeting in two instances, the youngest 
simply raises his hands, and the one immediately behind the 
father is so much hidden by the son in academicals that only 
his head and shoulder appear. 

Facing this group is another consisting of the mother and 
her three daughters. Like her husband she is kneeling to a 
prie-dieu, but of different construction, the arch is round and 
not Gothic. Near is a flower, emblem of the Resurrection. 
As the head is turned to the left the lappet hanging behind is 
clearly seen ; all the lappets are plain. Her dress is long and 
plain ; at the neck it is turned down to form a square collar. 
Its sleeves are tight fitting and the cuffs being reflexed shew 
the fur lining ; it is tied at the waist by a long sash. Behind 
her kneel three daughters, with hair flowing freely below the 
waist. They wear loose gowns, with small collars ; the 






147- Civilian and Wife, c. 1500 Cirencester. 



2io Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

sleeves are narrow, with bell-shaped cuffs. They have each 
loose hip girdle fastened by three rosettes, from which hangs 
a chain with an ornamental pendant. Each wears a plain cap 
fastened by a rosette on the forehead. Both mother and 
daughters have their hands clasped in prayer. 

From the husband proceeds a label inscribed : 
5'cta Griuitas unus Beus. 

No label is shewn over the wife. 

Above the groups are three sprays of lilies which appear 
to have been rubbed as they were placed on the slab. It has 
been suggested that these originally sprang from a lily pot, 
but there is no trace of one on the rubbing (147). 

We regret to say that this memorial has become separated 
from its original matrix ; a part is on one of the pillars 
dividing the chancel, another piece is on the floor, and someislost. 

Memoir. — In 1673 " Mr. Thomas Carles, Minister of 
God's word in that place, i.e., Cirencester, copied the epitaphs 
in the church. On his list appears : — 

Sub boc tumulo requiescuut Corpora 3-obannts Bvenfitig et 
Blicia: 111*0 ejus qui obterunt jiiij oie Hprilis B.D. 1501, auD bao 
viij cbilDreu. 

He records that this epitaph was in " St. Katherine's 
Chappell." In his will John directed that his body should be 
buried in the Chapel of St. Katherine. Leland says that 
Alice gave 100 marks towards the building of the south porch. 
Bishop Ruthall, of Durham, was her sister's son. Her name, 
in old English letters, is borne on a fess across her monu- 
mental shield with a woman's head between the words, and 
appears on the capital of one of the pillars on the north side 
of the south aisle. 



C. — "On a flatstone, engraved on brass, in the South aisle, 
are the effigies of a man and woman. On labels proceeding 
from their mouths : — 

/Hbercg ©00 of mv> mtsDeeDe — Xao\* bclp at ntg most ueeDe. 
On a brass plate under their feet : 
IRegse gracious XZbec to euoless Igfe 
St tbg qrete oome wbere all scball aperc 
tuigbe IWorES ©roc auo 3obau bss wgf nowe oeoe iu grave 

auo bergeo bere 
J^o' p'gers oesyriug tbcre souls for tbere tbe £ oav> of 3ul£ 
tbe gere our Xoro <3oo m°cccccjjfj. 
The above verses are engraved on the plate in a continued 
form, like prose." — Rudder 



Lost Brasses. 



211 




Fig 148. Vase, Cirencester. 



Rev. Thos. Carles, in his " Short 
Notes," 1673, adds that he was 
buried July 10th, 1529, and had six 
children. Of this memorial the in- 
scription only is left, and that has 
been torn from its slab and fixed on 
a pillar. 

D.— Oi this elegant vase (148) I 
have no information, and the brass 
has disappeared. 



E. — The Rev. Thomas Carles re- 
ports : " At the upper end of the south ayle there was 
lately in brass this monkish distich: — 

iffcun&e vale, tibt ve f fuciiens me, Mint scquerec te 
Gu sequerts mobo me, flfcun&e vale, tibt ve. 

i" 



Stollen B.D. 1672 L 



Sacrilege- poenam, ipecnitentiam 
1 optat Gbomas Carles 1 



"I suppose" (sayeth Mr. Carles) "this following epitaph 
was intended as its translation on a brass in the middle 
ayle : — 

Margaret Hooper, wife to Henry Hooper, was buried here 
March the 4th, 1601. 
Oh ! wretched world, vaine and unsure ! 

As I am fled from thee ; 
So, mayst thou die within an houre, 
Then thou shalt follow met." 

Cubberlei?. 

One shield, all that remains of the brass of Sir Giles 
Bruges, c. 151 1, and wife Isabel, daughter of Thomas 
Baynham, with three sons and four (?) daughters. Mural, 
south chancel. — Haines. 

On the south wall of the south aisle is the solitary 
remnant of the brass. It originally measured 27 ft. 9 in. x 
2 ft. 3 in., but all has disappeared except a shield in upper 
sinister corner. 

The husband had his wife on his left hand, his head 
was resting on a heaume, but I am unable to particularise any 



212 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 



other details either of husband or wife. Beneath the figures 
was a fillet of brass which contained the inscription, below 
this are the matrices of two groups of children, seemingly 
three sons and three daughters. At each corner of the slab 
were shields, but only the one at the upper sinister corner, 
ie., above the wife, remains (149). This shield bears : — 

Quarterly, 1st and 4th Argent, on a cross sable a leopard's 
head, or, bridges, 2nd, Or, a pile, gules; de chandos. 3rd 

Argent, a fess between martlets, 

uunyi sable ; Berkeley of Coberley — im- 

JK re^ paling quarterly, 1st Gules, a chevron 

•w yjb between three bulls' heads cabossed, 

'• \ei argent ; baynham. 2nd Gules, on a 

1 J bend ermine, a talbot passant guard- 

B4Mr $3 / ant i or • walwyn. 3rd Paly or and 

SwTkvvL^T vert 9 goutes de sang; grendouk 

■^f C?7 (old). 4th a fess between three (and 

I Mm}' not as ' n Bigl an d • S7A ) cross crosslets, 

^sj^^ gules, grendour (new). (149). 

"The shield tells the history of 
the Bridges' family as far as it 
goes : — 
Thomas Berkeley, the last male representative of the 
Coberley branch of the Berkeleys of Dursley, the tenant of 
the Berkeley Honor under William I., William II., Henry I. 
and Stephen, married Joan the daughter and heiress of Sir 
John de Chandos and had two daughters, co-heiresses, Mar- 
garet, wife of Nicholas de Mattesden (Matson) and Alice wife 
of Thomas de Bruges or Bridges. Giles, the great grandson 
of Thomas and Alice Bruges, married Isabella, daughter and 
heiress of Thomas Barynham, by Alice his wife, daughter 
and heiress of — Walwyn, and grand-daughter of Walwyn by 
his wife — daughter of John Grendour of Abbenhall." 

For the above I acknowledge my indebtedness to the Rev. 
W. Bazeley, M.A., Rector of Matson. 

For an account of the above mentioned Thomas and Alice 
Baynham, of Micheldean, see p. 86. 

Sir Giles Bruges by his will in P.C.C. 21 Fetiplace, dated 
Nov. 20th, 151 1, orders " his body to be buried in the Chapel 
of Coberley, and that a priest have ten marks for singing his 
Requiem." Collins, Tit. Chandos, Vol. II., p. 247. See also 



Fig 149. 
Shield, c. 1511. Cubberley 



Lost Brasses. 213 

Nicholas's " Vetusta Monumental p. 498. His son John was 
nine years old at his father's death. 

Dumbleton. 

" In the north cross aisle, upon a flat stone, under the 
figures of a man and woman in brass, is this inscription in 
old characters : — 

©rate p' at a bus imitllt ©astern ftlit 3obis Dastou ct Bnna: 
ujorts ejus qui qutDem TAMIius obttt anno Dirt ffltlltmo 
cccc u iiii° quor aiab 5 p'picietur &eus." — Rudder. 

The Rev. C. H. Fairfax, under date January 5th, 1898, 
writes : " I see some traces of what may be the matrix of a 
brass, but the piece of stone remaining is only about 18 
inches square and very much broken." 

Gloucester Catbeoral. 

" Before this alteration [to the Choir, in 1741] there were 
five other large grave-stones found, to which Brass plates were 
fixed, long since torn off, three of which belonged to some of 
the abbats. : ' — Rudder. 

A Guidt to the Cathedral Church of Gloucester, by the Rev. 
H. Haines, M.A., p. 58, says: — "In the south transept are 
some brassless slabs — 

One a figure in armour, two feet long, c. 1450. (a) 

Another, two figures under canopies, c. 1500, with imple- 
ments of trade (?), having handles inserted above, the lower 
parts of the slab chiselled down for an inscription, 1753. (b) 

A third in St. John the Baptist's Chapel (7ft. 3m. x 3ft. 3 in.) 
with the figure of an Abbot (3ft. 8in. long) under a single 
canopy, with a marginal inscription, probably for John Brown, 
1514, usually ascribed to Walter Froucester, but the style 
seems too late, [c) 

A slab (7ft. Sin. x 4 ft.) with incised cross, the scroll on the 
stem probably bore the name of Thomas Goold, and is now 
obliterated. 

In the north transept are three brassless slabs : — 

One (8ft. x 3ft.), a priest or abbot, c. 1330, under a 
triple canopy, the Lombardic inscription around nearly ob- 
literated, (d) 

A second (8ft. nin. x 3ft. 5m.), a priest in cope in the head 
of a long cross, (e) 



214 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

A third, much worn, (gft. 3m. x 3 ft. io^in.)an abbot under 
a single canopy surrounded by an inscription. (/). From its 
position it would seem to be the memorial of Thos. Horton, 
1377, or John Boyffield, 1381, precentor and "superior operis," 
or superintendent of the building of the north transept, under 
Horton, but the indent of the mitre shews it to be more 
likely that of Walter Froucester, 141 2. 

Other brassless slabs remain in the Lady Chapel and 
east walk of the cloister." 

" In 1 741 were destroyed part of the screen in the nave 
and chapels. Before these alterations there were 5 large 
gravestones, stripped of their Brasses, of which three at least 
belonged to abbot. (Funis/ s MSS. in the Bodleian Lib., pp. 
582-3). Perhaps one of these gravestones commemorated 
Adam de Elmeleye, a monk of St. Peter's, who, on account of 
his sanctity, was buried at the request of the people in front of 
the altar of the Holy Cross, in 1273. Many miracles were said 
to have been afterwards wrought at his grave." (Do. p. 66). 

" On Duke Robert's gravestone hath been a cross in brass 
now torn off which was lately taken away. Furne/s MSS., 
p. 582. (Do). 

These are all the indents of Brasses representing persons 
I noticed on visiting the Cathedral in December, 1897. The 
other "brassless slabs" mentioned in Haines's Guide most 
probably contained inscription plates only. 

South transept : 

a. The figure was represented in complete plate armour 
with sword hanging perpendicularly and the inscription at 
foot. The slab is a very large one, the figure was 2ft. 3m. long. 

b. Part only of the slab remains, and this measures 4ft. x 
3ft. 6in. The heads of husband and wife are under a double 
canopy crocketted and cusped with pinnacles at sides and in 
centre. No marginal inscription shewn. 

c. Chapel. The abbot was under a single canopy with 
pinnacles at the side, and a marginal inscription ; the head 
of the crook is turned inwards. 

North transept : 

d. As far as I could make out, the slab being much 
perished, the abbot lay under a single canopy with pinnacles 
on each side. Marginal inscription. Slab is cracked, and 
measures 7ft. gin. x 2ft. 7m. 



Lost Brasses. 215 

e. This slab is in very fair condition, though cracked 
across the middle. The head of the floriated cross in which 
was a priest, measures 3ft. in diameter. The inscription was 
at foot. There were seven crockets round the head and three 
pairs on the stern. The cross is 6ft. long. 

/. Slab partly under railing. ? Abbot under canopy, 
pinnacles marginal inscription. Very much perished. 

Gloucester— St. 3o\m Baptist. 

" Upon an ancient stone, with a large engraving on brass, 
are the effigies of a man in armour, and a woman attired in 
her proper habit. The man has a sword by his side, his 
spurs on, and at his feet a greyhound couchant. 

Here lies John Briggs and Agnes his wife, 

He died 19th April, 1483, and she a little time after. 

God give them joy and everlasting life, 

That pray for John Briggs and Agnes his wife." — Counsel. 

Gloucester— 5t /ifcan? oe Crppt 

" In the south chancel against the south wall a mural 
monument, the inscription and crosses on brass torn off, 
supposed to be for the founder of this chapel." — Rudder. 

Ibawfcesburs- 

During the restoration of the church in 1882. the matrix 
of a priest was discovered, and is now in the sacrarium. I 
regret to say that I have not seen a rubbing of it, nor is the 
brass mentioned in the county histories. 

5rou Hctou- 

The Rev. G. H. Browne writes under date, January 8th, 
1898 :— " There are one or two flat tombstones in this church, 
which have once had Brasses let into them ; one a Poyntz 
memorial and another, that of a former rector or priest." 
Unfortunately I have not been able to find time to go to Iron 
Acton and have not any rubbings of these indents. 

/HMucbiubamptott. 

* Upper half of female effigy, c. 1530, loose. — Haines. 
No trace of this was left when I rubbed the other Brasses 
in this church. 



"This signified that Haines had not seen this Brass. 



216 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

IRewlanfc. 

Not in Rudder. A figure in full armour, head resting on a 
helmet ; a child on each side. 34^in. x 2oin. 

IRortbleacb- 

Wm. Bicknell, 1500 and wife Margaret, 1493, founders of 
chancel in 1489 ; all lost but 2 sons and 2 daughters. South 
chancel. Haines. 





Fig. 150. Children. 1500. Northleach. 

William Bicknell built the south chapel in the year 1489 ; 
he and his wife lie buried therein. — Athyns. 

jpainswicfe- 

Against the north wall of the Chantry Chapel is a large 
altar tomb of Purbeck marble. On the wall were the 
kneeling effigies in brass of Sir William Kingston and Eliza- 
beth his wife, with scrolls proceeding from their mouths to a 
Trinity. Above Sir William's head a shield surrounded by the 
garter, and above his wife's also a shield. On the canopy of 
the tomb four shields, round the verge was the inscription, the 
front of the base of the tomb has three panels, in each of 
which was a shield, also a shield in the panel at each end. 
The slab of the tomb has been utilised as the resting place of the 
effigies of Dr. Seaman and his wife; he died in 1623, aged 59, 
and had originally a monument at the east end of the chancel. 

The following account is taken from the Ashmole MS. 
(11 18, fol. 97) in the Bodleian Library: 

" In y e church of Painswick in Glouc. shire. 
In y e north Isle. 

On a tumbe there was y e proportion of a man in brasse 
kneeling, habited in y e Garment of a Kt. of y e Garter, hauing 



Lost Brasses. 21 7 

y c crosse of St. Georg on his right shoulder with y c garter 
about it and this inscription vnder him : — 

Vnder this .... tumbe lyeth buryed y c bodye of Sir 
Wyllyam Kyngston, Knight of y c Order of the Garter, one of y c 
Kynges Maiesties priuye councell Vice-Chamberlayne to the 
Kynges Highnes, Comptroller of y e Kyng's most honourable 
Household, Constable of y e tower, Captayne of y e Gard, who 
departed this present world y e XIII. of [May] in y c yeare of 
our Lord God MDXL., and in y e XXXII. year of y e dread 
soueraigne lord Kyng Henry y e VIII. , and also Dame Elizabeth 
his wife, on whose soules God have mercye. 

This inscription with y e proportion, being tore off from y c 
Tumbe, 1644 or thereabouts by soldiers, Mr. Joh. Theyer, 
of Cooper's hill, near Glouc. (whose wife is descended from y c 
said Sr. Will.) obtained it and keepeth it to this day." 

His will is in P.C.C., F. 32, Alenger. " My body to be 
buried in the next church to the place where I die." The 
widow in her will desires to be buried at Painswick, with my 
late husband, Sir William Kingston, Knight of the Honourable 
Order of the Garter. Dame Mary Kingston's will is in P.C.C., 
F. 23, Popuhvell. 

Possibly Elizabeth is a mistake for Dame Mary Kingston, 
who was formerly Jernyngham. 

Ashmole is in his History of the Order of the Garter (1715), 
describes the arms thus : — Azure, a fesse between 3 leopards' 
faces, or. 

(Huinton. 

Thos. de Rous, Esq., of Ragley, 1499, and wife of Matilda; 
worn, effigies lost, chancel. — Haines. 

The late Mr. J. D. T. Niblett, F.S.A., kindly gave me 
a rubbing of the inscription, which reads thus : — 

** ©rate s'palit' p aiat>3 .... nup' oe IRaglcp. armigeri 
et I matiloe ujoris .... an' D'ni in | cccc nonages*' none. 
Sit r lans & gV | ia . . . vita eterna." 
which may be translated : — 

Pray specially for the souls of [Thomas de Rous] late of 
Ragley, Esq., and of Margaret, his wife .... A.D., 
1499. May praise and giory be to Christ . . . life eternal, 

In P.C.C., 39, Home is the will of Thomas Rowse, gent., 
Qwynton, Gloucester, and dated 1499. 



2 1 3 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

StoMnaton St- peter- 

Rudder : "There is a large grey stone in the chancel, which 
had once the effigy of a man in armour upon it, said to have 
been intended for one of the Langleys, but the brass is now 
torn off." 

Bigland : " In the North Wall of this Chapel [Langley's] 
are three Niches that have had brass figures and Inscriptions, 
but now entirely gone." 

The wills of the following members of the Langley family 
are in the P.C.C. : — 

1490. Langley, Edmond, squier, Sudington Petre, Glou- 
cester 33 Milles. 

1459. Langley, John, Sudington St. Peter, Gloucester, 
Sheppewassh. Devon 18 Stokton. 

1462. Langley, Walter, esquire, Sudyngton St. Peter, 
Gloucester 30 Godyn. 

TEewftesburg. 

Rudder : " Robert Fitz-Haimon was buried in the Chapter- 
house in the year 1107, but removed into the presbytery in 
1 24 1, and thence in 1397, to the north side of the choir, where 
his bones, wrapt in fine diaper, were laid in a tomb of grey 
marble, which had brasses at top, with his figure and orna- 
ments, long since torn off. 

" In the middle space under the tower, is a large grey 
marble, which had brass plates affixed to it, and is said to have 
been for the unfortunate Prince Edward, only son to King 
Henry the Sixth." 

Dinghy thus wrote in 1680 : — 

" This fair tombstone of grey marble, the brass whereof 
has bin pickt out by sacrilegious hands, is directly under- 
neath the tower of this church, at the entrance into the 
quire, and sayed to be layd over Prince Edward, who lost his 
life in cool blood, in the dispute between York and Lancaster, 
at w ch time y e Lancastrians had the overthrow." 

" Monuments to be consider'd under this magnificent pile 
are first that of the Founder hereof Robert Fitzhamon this 
is within a fair chappell on the north side of the quire 
or chancell erected to his memory both which I have 
touched off in the two following sides or pages, his arms 



Lost Brasses. 219 

and figure of brass plate inlayd were stol'n away in the time 
of the late civil war." Illustrations of the two tombs are given. 

The Editor of Bigland's Collections, sub Tewkesbury, 
alludes to the lack of brasses in Tewkesbury Abbey, and 
explains that the Parish Church was of old in another part of 
the town, and was afterwards pulled down or suffered to fall 
into decay. " It is noted that the brasses on what was 
supposed to have been the flat tombstone of Prince Edward 
are gone; a loss which Vicar Knight supplied by a small 
plate fixed in the stone." 

The following is taken from " Historical Memories of 
Tewkesbury Abbey, by Rev. H. Hayman, D.D., which appeared 
in The Antiquary, Vol. I, 1880: — 

" The wife of the gallant Earl, Gilbert de Clare, the third, 
who fell at Bannockburn, was a lady whose family connections 
touched all the three component parts of our present United 
Kingdom. We might strew the rose, the shamrock, and the 
thistle together on her grave. She was Maud, daughter of 
John de Burgh, Earl of Ulster, her eldest sister being the 
wife of King Robert Bruce. That grave has been identified 
together with that of her husband, close on the north side 
of it. Cut short perhaps by grief at her bereavement, the 
young widow was laid there in the first year of her widow- 
hood. It w T as marked by 'a fine and large slab, from which 
a magnificent brass had been ruthlessly taken.' How touching 
is the pathos which these shattered memorials of bereave- 
ment and blighted hopes bespeak. The shadow of sorrow 
fell upon her life, its gloom deepened, and she died without a 
son to keep in remembrance the name of her dead lord's 
illustrious house." 

XTormarton. 

Sir John de la Riviere, c. 1350, lost, chancel. — Haines. 

Lei and says : — " There lyeth buried in the Body of the Paroche 
Churche of Thormerton one Petrine de la Ryvers, with a Frenche 
Epitaphie. He was owner of the Lordshippe of Tormerton. And 
Sir Robert Atkyns observes that in his time the effigies of Sir 
John de la Riviere, with the model of the church in his hand 
remained in the chancel ; but the brasses of both these 
monuments are now torn off and lost." — Rudder. 

The stone has now a plate inscribed : — 

" £be tomb of John ee la iRivcrs, founoer of this Gburcb." 



220 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

The late Sir A. W. Franks thus describes the memorial : — 
" It consists of a floriated cross, within the head of which is 
the knight holding up the model of the Church which he 
had founded ; on the stem of the cross appears to have been 
a helmet, at the base probably an Agnus Dei, and in the 
angles shields of arms surmounted by helmets and crests." 
An illustration appears in Haines's Manual, p. exxiv. 

Wotton- un&er-iE&ae. 

Richard de Wotton. rector, c. 1320, kneeling at a cross 
with Lombardic inscription lost, matrix. Chancel. — Haines. 

" In the chancel is the following : — Round the verge of a 
grey marble flatstone, which had a brass plate fixed on it, with 
the figure of a man, now torn off, are these lines in Saxon 
characters : — 

"IRatus in bac villa cognomine Mctus ab ilia 
Qui IRector fuit bic, aptum nomenq; sibi sic 
1R. De XUottona jacet bic, cui carlica Dona, 
3mpetret ipsa pta pulcbernma vinio /Bbarta. amen." 

In the middle of the stone:— - 
' j£s mibi vercio pia, Duj et Xur, sancta /fcaria.' "— Rudder. 

The slab measures 7 ft. 6 in. x 2 ft. 11 in. In the lower 
part is the kneeling figure of R. de Wotton, rector of this 
church, under a small canopy with slender shafts ; a long 
scroll proceeds from his hands to the figure of the Virgin (see 
inscription), seated and enclosed in a fine large floriated cross. 
A marginal inscription in Lombardic letters surrounds the 
whole, and reads as given above. Rudder has incorrectly 
transcribed the first two words on the scroll, which should read 
Sis micbi. 

The slab was originally in the chancel, but is now lying 
loose, near Lord Berkeley's tomb (see p. 2), and has been 
cracked. An illustration is given in the Portfolio of the 
Monumental Brass Society, VIII, December, 1897. 

The inscription might be thus translated : — 

" Born in this town, after which he was named, he who 
was rector here thus for himself had a fitting name. R. de 
Wotton lies here, to whom may the pious and most beautiful 
virgin grant heavenly gifts. — Be thou to me O pious virgin, 
holy Mary, my guide and light." 



Modem Brasses. 221 

MODERN BRASSES. 

The fashion of erecting brasses as memorials to the departed 
appears to have died out in the seventeenth century but has 
now revived. Haines records that brasses have been placed 
in the following churches : — 

Bristol : S. S. Leonard &■ Nicholas. Rev. John Eden, 1840 
(Waller). 

Mitcheldean (Waller). 

Newent . . . Onslow. 

Upper Slaughter. Rev. Francis Edw. Witts (Waller). 

In trying to render this a more complete list, I wrote to 
the leading engravers of memorial brasses in the country, but 
regret to say that the list has not been much amplified. 

Messrs. John Hardman & Co., of Birmingham, have exe- 
cuted the following : — 

Barntvood. Mrs. Alice Mary Blathwayt. 

Bristol Cathedral. Captain John Sanderson, R.N. 

Bristol, Queen Elizabeth's Hospital. Rev. John Hawkesworth, 
LL.D. 

Clifton, All Saints. Rev. R. Randall. 

Clifton College. Rev John Guthrie, M. A., and wife Caroline. 

In Gloucester Cathedral is a brass — a fitting memorial — to 
the Rev. H. Haines, M.A., whose exhaustive "Manual," 
issued in 1861, is still the standard work on Monumental 
Brasses; to the list in Part II, the writer is indebted for the 
headlines of each notice. He is represented robed as a priest 
of the Church of England, in cassock, surplice, stole, and 
hood, beneath a canopy, and the following inscription is round 
the margin : — 

HERBERTUS HAINES, A.M., SCHOL.E HUJUS | CATHREDALIS 
PER XXIII ANNOS HYPODIDASCULUS, OBIIT A.D. XIV. KAL. OCT. A.S. 
MDCCCLXXII ANNOS XLVI NATUS, CUJUS CORPUS IN | CCEMETERIO 
JUXTA HANC URBEM SEPULTUM | JACET. HOC MONUMENTUM 
PAUCI EX DISCIPULIS ET AMICIS, BENEFICIORUM AB ILLO 
ACCEPTORUM MEMORES, PONENDUM CURAVERUNT." 

This may be translated thus : — Herbert Haines, M.A., for 
twenty-three years second master of this Cathedral School, 
died September 18th, 1872, aged 46 years, whose body lies 
buried in the cemetery near this city. A few of his pupils and 
friends mindful of benefits received from him have caused this 
memorial to be erected. 



Corrigenda et Addenda 



P. 3- 

P. 15- 

p. 17. 

I'. IS. 



p. 28. 
p. 29. 
p. 30. 
p. 37. 



P. 4 2. 

P. 44. 
P. Si- 



P. 


51 


p. 


55 


p. 


65 


p. 


71 


p. 


72 




Shield 1400, Deerhurst. 
Should have been on page 15. 



Line 2 from base, for curings read earring*. 
Fig 151 represents the second shield 

on the Cassy Brass. 
Line 5 for ® (T) read © (G). 
Inscription : On examining rubbings 

of this brass taken many years ago, 

the words added in brackets have 

been deciphered. 

. . Margeria coniux sua femina [dia] 

. . Mihi [succurit'] tempore [vili] 

I scroll work). 
Fig. 24, for 1 141 read 141 1. 
Fig. 25, for c. 1 141 read 141 1. 
Line 12, for p. 176 read p. 116. 
Line 2, add " also in the Publications of 

the Early English Text Society, Vol. 

78." 
Line 12, "The Inscription," add "except the first line which is 

preserved on a step in the Lady Chapel." 
Line 7 from base for 1444 read 1445. 
Add the following translation : 

By death o'erthrown beneath your feet see Thomas Fortey lie, 

A noble merchant, just and true, well known his kindly life 

Dame Agnes too his spouse full sweet in like extremity. 

Which found no joy in others woe, no gain in baleful strife, 

Churches and roads his bounty felt in wise and full repair, 

Christ, let Thy soul with pity melt before his humble prayer, 

From Thy blest birth a thousand years, four hundred more also 

And forty-seven eke had passed ere he Thy bliss did know. 
Illustrations: Add Reliquary VS. Vol. III., p. 175 (Inscription). 
Line 9, "Initial" on a rubbing kindly lent by Mr. Mill Stephenson, 

this is shewn to be a very small reproduction of his merchant's 

mark ; see Fig. 53, p. 56. 
Line 2, Portions lost, add "and ends of scroll under figure." 
Line 26. for sable, Burke gives gules. 
Line 4 from base, for 1476 read 1471. 



CORRIGENDA ET ADDENDA. 



223 



P. 


117. 


p. 


119. 


p. 


122. 


p. 


124. 



P. 78. Illustrations : add Weare (G. E.) Life of Cabot. 

P. 78. Line 29, "This Joan," add (" wife of John Jay, senr.") 

P. 91. Illustrations : Add Reliquary X. S. Vol. HI., p. 173. 

P. 91. Line 10, for Taylour read Tayliour. 

P. 93. For Fig. 7 read Fig. 7^- 

P. 108. Heraldry: Read "Quarterly (1) [Gules] a bend engrailed 

[azure] between three leopards' faces jessant de lis [or] 

Denys. (2) [Argent] on a chief [gulesj three bezants 

[RUSSELL]. (3) Lozengy [argent and azure] a chevron [gules, 

Gorges]. (4) [Azure] a cross moline [or, Bruyn]. 

Fig- ^5) f° r Eastlington read Eastington. 

Her younger brother Charles was steward to his cousin Edward 

Stafford, Duke of Buckingham, at Thornbury. 

Will of William Henshawe, P.C.C. F. 12 Maynwaring. 

Line 23, for i read is. 

Line 24, add " of." 

P. 134. Fig. 152, Head of William Freme, 1526, from a rubbing kindly 

sent in February. 1884, by the late 

Mr. J. H. Cooke, F.S.A. Mr. T. Ware- 

ing reports under date June, 1898, that 

the head is now replaced. 

Fig. 103, fur 1554 read 1534. 

Illustrations: Add Reliquary N. S., Vol. 

III., p. 173 (end of inscription). 

Fig. 109, for 1450 read 1540, 

In the P.C.C. are these wills : — 

1561, Grevell, Sir Edward, Knight, 

Mylcote, Warwick, Seasingcote,Glouces- Fig- 152. 

. J ' \- T r, H w d 1S26. Berkeley. 

ter 26 Loftes. 

1574, Grevell, Dame Margaret, widow of Sir Edward Grevell, 

Knight, Milcote, Warwick , . 45 Martin 

P. 175, Line 12, 1581, add " P.C.C. 8 Darcy." 

P. 180. Fig. 133, for 1890 read 1590. 

P. 181. For Nonvood read Norwoodd. 

P. 187. Fig. 137, "Shield, 1601 Clifford Chambers." This is on wrong 

page, it should have appeared on p. 175. 
Line II, for "Argent, a Jesse engrailed sable between 3 boars' 

heads coitped proper for Marrowc," read " Argent, a Jess engrailed 

sable, between tlnec maids' heads couped proper for Marrowe, 

impaling, Argent a eross sable for RAINSFORD." The shield 

is not quite complete. 
P. 194. Line 1, for Marg read Mary. 



P. 


I-p 


p. 


144 


p. 


150 


V. 


163 




p. 207. Bristol CatbeDral. 

MATRIX OF THE BRASS OF AN AUSTIN' CANON 
IN BRISTOL CATHEDRAL. 

Mr. Alfred E. Hudd, F.S.A., Hon. Sec. of the Clifton 
Antiquarian Society, has kindly forwarded me the following 



224 



CORRIGENDA ET ADDENDA. 

description of a matrix of albrass of an Austin Canon in Bristol 
Cathedra] :— 

" During the recent restoration of the Choir of Bristol Cathe- 
dral, formerly the Church of the Abbey of Canons Regular of 
St. Augustine, founded in i [42, a large slab of Purbeck marble 
was found in the South Choir Aisle, where it had been partially 
covered by the wooden foundation supporting the Stalls. This 
slab was found to contain the matrix of what must have been 
a very fine Monumental Brass of a Priest, probably one of the 
officials of the Abbey. The matrix is in good condition, and it 
is evident from it that the deceased Austin Canon was repre- 
sented in a cope, his head covered by a flat cap similar to those 
worn by the Austin Canons represented on the mural paintings 
on the walls of Bishop Carpenter's vault at Westbury-on-Trym 
now used as the Coal-hole of that Church. 

''The figure stands under a very handsome triple canopy, 
covered with no less than seven late Gothic pinnacles : below 
the feet was a long inscription on an oblong plate. Size of 
slab — 7 ft. 10 in. x 3 ft. 8 in. Figure of Priest — 4 ft. x 1 ft. 5 in. 
Date about 1500." 



I N D E X 



ABDENHALL, brass at . 


190 


Berkeley, brass at 




132 


Agnus Dei . . .14, 156, 


220 


Berwicke, arms of 




'74 


Albany, arms of 


1.30 


Besford, arms of 




32 


Albe 6c 


. 75 


Bishop's Cleeve, lost brass at . 


206 


Almuce . . . .58, 


124 


Bisley, brass at 




"5 


Altar Tombs 2, 30, 98, 171, 172 


216 


Blathwayt, Mrs. A. M. 




221 


Amerike, Joan .... 


127 


Book, 14, 145, 156, 166, 


176. 


182, 


Amice . . . 60, 75, 


140 


192, 197, 208 






Anelace . . . 19, 21 


■ 28 


Botiler, arms of 




206 


Arabic Numerals 


50 


Boyffield, John . 




214 


Arderburg, arms of . 


174 


Bradestone, arms of 




2 


Arnold, arms of 


130 


,, Agnes . 




2 


Atte Barugh, Peter . 


10 


,, Blanch . 




2 


Avvmarle, Thomas . 


81 


Robert . 




2 


Avenyng, John— Alice 


208 


,, Sir Thos. 




2 


Ayleway, Joan .... 


190 


Brassart . . 2, 34, 141, 


160 


172 






Brasses, Duplicate . 141, 


144 


196 


BADMINTON, lost brass at . 


206 


Eccentric 




204 


Baldrick . . . , 3 


. 25 


heraldry of . 




204 


Barbe . . . .14, 


155 


,, lost 




206 


Barnwood, modern brass at 


221 


modern 




221 


Barons of Exchequer, see Judges 




of Children 




203 


Barstaple, John — Isabella 


28 


,, Civilians 




201 


Barstaple Chapel, Bristol 


28 


,, Ecclesiastics . 




200 


Bascinet . . . . 2, 25 


33 


,, Judges 




201 


Basilard, see Anelace, Misericord 


e 


,, Ladies 




202 


Bazely, Rev. VV. . . . 


212 


,, Men in armour 




200 


Baynham, arms of . . 86, 


212 


Braybrook, arms of . 




128 


,, Alice 


§5 


Briggs, John — Agnes 




215 


,, Margaret 


84 


Bristol, brasses at 






,, Thomas . 


S3 


Barstaple Chapel 




28 


Beard 2, 13, 19, 21, 28, 45, 158, 


72, 


Cathedral, matrix 




223 


I 77- 179- l82 - r 9°. 192, 


[94. 


modern 




221 


196, 197 




Grammar School 




165 


Beauchamp, Richard 


9 


Queen Elizabeth's Hosp 


tal, 




,, Thomas 


9 


modern . 




221 


Beaufort, Edmond . 


9 


St. James . 




'97 


Beaupyne, Thomas . 


18 


St. John 




73 


Bedstead 


187 


St. Leonard & St. Nichol 


is, 




Bell-founder .... 


119 


modern . 




221 


Bells, collar of . 5, 13. 20, 26, 


64 


St. Mary Redcliff 37, 69 


76, 


127 


Belt, passim 




St. Peter . 




58 


Belt, see also Baldrick 




St. Werburgh 


'65. 


176 


Benett, John and wives . 


94 


Temple Church 


9 


■ 5S 


Berkeley, arms of . .5 


, 6 


Trinity 




28 


Elizabeth 


9 


Bristol, city of, arms of 




17 


,, Margaret . 


2 


Brook, arms 01 




128 


,, Maurice . . 7, 


72 


,, John — Joan 




127 


,, Thomas . . .2, 


16 


Brown, John 




213 


,, William 


72 


Bruges, arms of 


32. 


212 


,, of Coberley, arms of i 


32, 


Elizabeth 




'3i 


212 




,, Sir Giles — Isabel 




211 



226 



INDEX 



Bruyn. arms of 
Butterfly headdress 
216 



108, 



83. 84, 



223 
90, 



137 

. 25 

95 



CALAIS, staple of, arms of 
Camail .... 
Camber, John . 
Campden, Chipping, see Chip 

ping Campden 
Canopies, .... 204 

Canting Arms .... 74 
Cap . . .40, 61, 77, 94, 96 
Cape .... 14, 61, 133 
Carles, Rev. Thos. . . 210, 211 
Cassock . . 58, 8r, 124, 
Cassy, arms of . 
,, Elizabeth 

',, Sir John — Alice . 9, 
,. Richard 
,, William 
Ceysyll, John .... 
Chalice 

Chamfer Inscription 
Chape 
Chasuble . 
Cheltenham, brass at 
Children ..... 
Chipping Campden, brasses at 21, 

51, 66, 82 
Churcham, lost brass at . . 207 
Churchdown, lost brass at . 207 
Cirencester, brasses at 16, 33, 39, 

42, 62, 68, 75, 81, 94, 103, 138, 

177, 195, 222 
Cirencester, lost brasses at 
Civilians .... 
Clare, Maude de 
Clifford Chambers, brasses at 

223 
Clifton, arms of 
Clifton, modern brasses at 
Clopton, arms of 
Joan 

Sir William 
Cobham, arms of 
Cobyndon, arms of . 



139 

15 

• 131 
9, 222 

15 
16 

• 9i 
6 °> 75 

100, 216 

3. 20 

60, 75 

• 113 
203 



207 
201 
219 
172, 

117 



Coif 
Collars 



32 
30 
33 

128 
64 



2. 5. 



11, 114, 127 
13, 20, 26, 39, 42, 48, 



52. 53. 55. 64, 73, 76, 77, 82, 

87, 89, 92, 96, 104, 126, 138, 

149, 154, 190 

Cooke, arms of ... 158 

John — Joan . . 154 

Cooke, J. H. . 6, 134, 223 

Cope 58, 124 

Cote-hardie . . . . 1 
Coton. Richard— Margaret . 163 
Cotton, John .... 185 
Crespine headdress . . . 3, 45 
Crest 6, 47, 141, 158, 162, 174, 195 
Cromwell, arms of . ,117 

Cross 64, 142, 143, 146, 220 (bis) 
Crucifixion .... 146 

Cubberly, lost brass at . .211 
Cushion . 25, 106, 192, 197 



13 



10, 12 



108 



DAGGER, see Misericorde 
Darby, Isabella 
Daston, arms of 

,, Anne . 

,, Anthony 
William 
De Bohun, arms of 
De Cailly, arms of 
De Chandos, arms of 
De Clare, Maud 
Deerhurst, brasses at 
De la Pole, Anne 

Michael 
Demi-figure 
Denys, arms of 

,, Morys . 

Sir Walter . 
De Rous, Thomas — Matilda 
De Woodstock, arms of . 
De Wotton, Richard 
Dixton, arms of 
Richard 
Dogs 5, 13, 20, 26, 35, 64, 159, 

178, 215 
Dominical Letter 
Dowdesweil, brass at 
Dumbleton, arms of 
Dumbleton, lost brass at . 
Duplicate brasses . 141, 744, 
Dyrham, brass at 



30 
187 
187 
190 

213 

119 

117 

, 212 

219 

■ T 3i 

9 

9 

8 

223 

106 

106 

217 

117 

220 

36 

33 

162, 

29 
124 
190 

213 
196 

25 



EASTINGTON, brass at 
Eccentric Brasses 
Ecclesiastical brasses 
Eden, Rev. John 
Edward, Prince of Wales 
Edward, John . 
Enamel 

England, arms of 

Evangelistic Symbols 32, 51, 89 90 
no, 125, 126, 137 



117 

204 

200 

221 

218 

60 

32 

15. 72 



FAIRFORD, brasses at t 


j8, 141, 


144 


Farthingale 




185 


Fermailes . . 5, 


20, 31, 


117 


Fitton, arms of 




27 


Fitz-Haimon, Robert 




218 


Fortey, John 




54 


., Thomas — Agnes 


48, 


221 


Founder of Church . 


103, 


220 


France 




72 


Franks, Sir A. W. 


10, 


220 


" Free-Miner" crest 




47 


F-reme, arms of 




134 


William 


132, 


223 


French, Elizabeth . 




115 


, Margarett 




115 


William 




115 


Fret .... 




12 


Froucester, Walter . 


213 


214 


Fuller, Rev. E. A. . 


18 


, 69 


GADLINGS 


■ 3 


. 25 


Gayner, arms . 




30 


,, Isabella 




28 



INDEX. 



227 



Gibbes, Henry — Anne 




• 197 


Giffard, arms of 




15 


Glanville, arms of 




• 1 7-1 


Gloucester, brasses at 






St. John Baptist 




149 


St. Mary de Crypt 




159 


St. Michael 




119 


Gloucester, lost brasses at 






Cathedral . 




213 


St. John Baptist 




215 


St. Mary de Crypt 




215 


Gloucester Cathedral, inoderr 




brass at . 




221 


Goold, Thomas 




213 


Gorges, arms of 


10 


3, 223 


Gotorest .... 




18 


Greene, arms of 




174 


Grevel, arms of 




23 


,, William — Marion 




21 


Greville, arms of 144, 146, 


16 


3, 262 


,, Agnes 




141 


,, Sir Edward 


16 


2, 223 


,, Sir John 




I58 


,, Dame Margaret 




223 


„ Sir William 




113 


Greyndour, arms of . 


8 


5, 212 


,, Robert — Joan 




47 


Groining ... 16, 


7 


5, 154 


Guarded spurs . 




35. 63 


Gunter, arms of 




197 


,, John — Alice 




195 


Guthrie, Rev. John — Caroline 


221 


Gybbys, William and wives 




82 


Gypciere 73, 76, 90, 92, 94, 


& 


. 104, 


105, 114, 120 






Gyttyns, William — Mary . 




176 


HADOW, Rev. W. E. 16, li 


,4 


0, 44. 


64, 68, 81, 82, 95, 103, 


13 


9. 195 


Haigh, D. H. . 




15 


Haines, Rev. H . 




221 


Hall, arms of 




174 


„ Rev. J. M. 




97 


Halyday, Edward — Margery 




122 


Hampton, Alice 




112 


,, John — Elyn 




1 10 


Hardman, Messrs. . 




221 


Hawkesbury, lost brass at 




215 


Hawkesworth, Rev. John 




221 


Hayward, arms of 




130 


Heart .... 




133 


Hempstead, brass at 




130 


Henshawe, arms of . 




121 


,, William and wives 


1 19 


Heraldry * 






Albany 




130 


Arderburg 




174 


Arnold 




130 


Baynham . 


8< 


3, 212 


Berkeley 




5 


,, of Coberley 


'3 


>, 212 


Berivicke 




174 


Besford 




32 


Botiler 




206 



Heraldry (continued) 
Bradeston 
Bray brook 
Bridges 
Bristol City 
Brook 
Bruges 
[Bruyn] 
Calais, Staple of 
Cassy 
Clifton 
Clopton 
Cobham 
Cobyndon 
Cooke 
Cromwell 
Daston 
De Boh 1111 
De Cailly . 
De Chandos 
De Woodstock 
Denys 
Dixton 
Dumbleton 
England 
Fitton 
France 
Freme 
Gayner 
Giffard 
Glanville 
[Gorges] 
Greene 
Grevel 23, 14 
Greyndour 
Gunter 
Hall 

Hayward 
Henshawe 
Hodye 
Hungerford 
Juyn 
Kingston 
Knevet 
Lions 
Lygon 

Madoc-ap-ryn 
Marrowe 
Mede . 
Mollins 
Molton 
Norwood 
Parry 
Parsons 
Porter 
Powlett 
Prat tell 
Prelatte 
Purscell 
Ravns/ord 
Rowley 
Russel 
Savage 
S coca the 



. 128 
. 212 

17 

. 128 

132, 212 

108, 223 

'37 
15 

117 
32 

128 
64 

158 

117 



13 



146, 



117 

212 

117 

108, 223 

36 

190 

15. 72 

27 

72 

134 

30 

15 

1/4 

I08, 223 

■ 174 

i Co, 163 

86, 212 

196, 197 

174 
130 
121 

86 
195 

38 
217 
117 

174 
182 
130 
187 
7i 
174 
193 



27^ 



182 



27- 



[108 



175 

76 

130 

194 

174 

64 

174 

174. 187 

74 

223] 

189 

174 



The arms of names in italics are blazoned in text, 



22S 



1XDEX 



if 144 



M3 



Heraldry (continued) 

Sherskal 

Spencer 

Stafford 

Tame 

Tatshall 

Thome 

Tivyniho 

Tyndall 

Tyringham 

Wakested 

Walwyn 

Warwick, Earl of 

Wylcotes 

Wyllycotes 
Heraldry, see also p. 204 
Hichman, Walter — Cristy 
Hodges, William 
Hodye, arms of . 
Honeysuckle 
Hood, Civilian . 9, 20, 
Ecclesiastical 
,, Paris 
Hooper, Margaret 
Hungerford, arms of 
,, Margaret 

IRON" ACTOX, lost brass at 



28, 37 



174 
193 
117 
146 
117 
167 
102 
171 
146 
174 
212 
23 
174 
174 

126 

179 

86 

15 
127 
no 
166 
21 r 
i?5 
194 

215 

76 

3ii 7 r - J 55 
201 

38 
39 
37 

KALENDS .... 29 
Kempsford, brass at . . 126 

Kennel headdress 85, 100, 104, 105, 
114, 116, 117, 121, 123, 124, 
127, 131, 135, 142, 150, 164 
Kingston, arms of . . 27, 217 
,, Sir William — Eliza- 

beth .... 216 

Knevet, arms of . . . 117 
,, Elizabeth . . 117 

LADIES 202 

Lance-rest .... 99 

Latimer, Lord .... 9 
Lawnder, William . . . 139 
Lechlade, brasses at . 52, 109 

Leckhampton, brass at . . 181 
Lethenard, John — Joan . . 66 

Lilies 208 

Lingen, T . . . . 32, 33 
Lion at feet . 3, n, na, 12, 26 
Lions, arms of . , . . 174 
Liripipe ..... 96 
Lisle, Lord . . . . 2, 9 

Lombardic Letters . . . 220 
Lond, Robert .... 58 
Loose brasses . 58, 83, 153, 185 
Lost brasses .... 206 
Lukis, Rev. W. C. . . . 120 
Lygon, arms of 182 



JAY, John — Joan 
Jewels 3, 4, 5, 20, 
Judges 

Juyn, arms of 
Alice 
,, Sir John . 



MACLEAN, Sir J. . . 32, 87 
Madoc-ap-Ryn, arms of 130 

Maniple . . . . 60, 75 

Mantle, men 11, 20, 37. 73, 149, 154 
,, women 5, 20, 25, 31. 58, 71, 

Si, 117, 143. 145 
Marks, sec Merchant's Marks 
Marner, Philip .... 177 
Marrowe, arms of . 187 

,, Elizabeth . . 185 

Martyn, Agnes .... 64 
Matrices ..... 206 
Mede, arms of . . . 71 

,, Philip and wives . . 69 
Merchant's Marks 22, 29, 41, 44, 

5°. 74. 77. 88, 90, 95, no, 123, 

126, 136, 205 

Mermaids 2, 6 

Micheldean, brass at . . 83 

,, modern brass at . 221 

Military brasses . . . 200 

Mmchinhampton, brasses at 103, 

no, 122, 215 
Minety, brass at 194 

Minever . . . . .11 
Misericcrde, or dagger 25, 36, 45, 

64, 100, 129, 142, 160, 173, 194 

Modern brasses . . .221 

Mollins, arms of 174 

Molton, arms of 193 

,, William — Millicent . 192 

Monk 112 

Monograms . . 44, 106, 176 
Mourton, Sir H. ... 18 
Moustache 2, 19, 21, 28, 45, 158, 

172, 177, 179, 182, 190, 192, 

194, 196, 197 

Moys, A 10 

Mural brasses 69, no, 119, 122, 144, 

149, 154, 165, 172, 176, 177, 

179, 181, 185, 187, 192, 194, 

197 

NEELE, Thomas . . . 139 
Neville, George ... 9 

,, Ralph .... 9 
Newent, brass at 129 

,, modern brass at . 221 

Newland, brass at . -44 

,, lost brass at . . 216 

Niblett, J. D. T. . 13, 130, 217 
Nicholls, Thomas 95 

Nicolas's Ordinances . . 16 
Northleach, brasses at, 19, 48, 54, 
87, 89, 105, 135, 139 

,, lost brass at . 216 

Norwoodd, arms of . 182, 184 

,, William — Elizabeth 181 
Norys, Hughe — Johan . . 210 
Notyngham, Sir William . 69 

,, William — Christina 68 
Nun 112 

OLVESTON, brass at . 106 

Onslow , .221 



1XDEX 



22Q 



PAGGE, Robert— Margaret 
Painswick, lost brass at . 
Palimpsest brass 
Paris, headdress 
Parsons, arms of 
Ralph . 
Parry, arms of . 

,, Elizabeth 
Porter, arms of 

Arthur — Alys 

,, Kredeswid and Mary 

,, Roger . 
Powlett, arms of 

,, Nicholas — Margaret 
Prattell, arms of 
Prelutte, arms of 

,, William and wives 
Processional vestments . 58 
Purscell, arms of 
Pyrke, Rich — Joan . 

QUEDGELEY, brass at . 
Quinton, brass at 

,, lost brass at 



39 

216 

58 
166 

76 
75 
'75 
172 
130 
130 
130 
129 
194 
194 

174 
64 
62 

124 

174 
190 

130 

30 

217 



179. 185 
165, 176 

• 149 



RANDALL, Rev. R. . . 221 

Raynsford, arms of . . 174, 187, 

Elizabeth . . 185 

,, Hercules — Elizabeth 172 

Relaid brasses 9, 28, 58, 103, no, 

119, 122, 124, 131, 149, 154 

165, 169, 172, 176 
Removal of brasses . 
Restoration of brasses 
Reticulated headdress 
Rings . . 20, 31, 59, 

Riviere, Sir John de la 
Robert, Duke of Gloucester 
Rodmarton, brass at 
Roos, Ellenor . 

Lord 
Rosary 73, 76, 82 (bis), 90 

96, 104, 120 
Rous, Thomas — Margaret . 217 
Rowdon, Elizabeth . . . 131 
Rowley, arms of ... 74 
Thomas — Margaret . 73 
Rudyn, John . . . 17 

Russel, arms of ... 27 

,, Sir Morys — Isabel . 25 
Russell, arms of . . 108, 109 



92, 



92, 



136 

219 

214 

60 

9 

9 

94. 



SACRED LAMB . . 13, 
Saint Anne .... 
Saint John Baptist . . 13, 
Saint, see also Evangelistic Sym- 
bols, and Virgin 
Sanderson, Captain J. 
Savage, arms of 

,, Anne . 

., Richard 
Scocathe, arms of 
Scors, William — Agnes 
Seals . . . 5, 6, 71 

Seman, Simon .... 



157 

14 

157 



221 
189 
187 
196 

J 74 

48 

, 72 

l 7 



Semys, John— Margaret . 
Sei ili'-. Robei t Anne 
Sevenhampton, bi ass ;i t . 
Sewell, Katherine 
Shershal, arms ol 
Shrewsbury, Ear] of 
Shroud brass 
Siddington St. Peter, lost brass 
Sir, title of priests . . 75, 
Skull .... 140, 

Somerset, Duke of . 
Spencer, arms of 

,, Millicent . 

Spycer, Reginald and wives 
Stafford, arms of 
Staple of Calais, arms of 137, 
Staples, Alexander and wives 
Stole 60 

Surplice . . . 58, 124, 
Symbols, see Evangelistic 

Symbols 
Sword 3, 25, 34, 45, 62, 69, 

106, 129, 141, 160, 162, 

194 

TABARD . 69, 108, 141, 15S, 
Taces 34, 45, 63, 69, 99, 106, 

160, 162, 
Tame, arms of . 101, 144. 

,, Sir Edmund and wives 
144 

,, John — Alice . 
Tassets .... 173, 
Tatshall, arms of 
Tau-Crosses . .110, 126, 
Taylour, John — Joan 

Temple. W 

" Terri " . 

Tewkesbury, lost brasses at . 
Thornborough, Marion . 
Thornbury, brass at 
Thome, arms of 

,, Nicholas and wives 
Todenham, brass at 
Tomkins, H. B. ... 

Tormarton, brass at 

,, lost brass at 

Towensend, arms of 
Townsend, John 
Trinity, Holy, Symbol of 140, 141 
Twinyhoe, John 
Twynihoe, arms of . 
Twynihow, Alice 
Twynyho, Joan 
Tyndall, arms of 

,, Thomas — Avice 

Tyringham, arms of 144, 

Elizabeth 



149 
105 
95 
"5 
'74 
9 
1 1 r 
218 

I2 5 
198 

9 
193 
192 

42 
117 
138 
180 

75 
139 



100, 
172, 

1G2 
129, 

146 

141. 



194 

117 

142 

89 

10 

! 3 
218 

21 
169 
167 
165 
192 
109 

91 
219 

54 

52 
'45 
109 
102 

98 

64 
171 
166 
146 



UPPER SLAUGHTER.modern 

brass at . . . 221 



VASE 

Virgin Mary 
Vowess 



14. 140, 



211 

220 

30 



230 



IXDEX. 



WADLEY, Rev. T. P. 10, 18, 24, 38 

75. 125, 177 
Wakested, arms of 
Wallers, Messrs. 
Walwyn, arms of 
Wareing, T. 
Warren, Ann 
,, Gerard 
•,, Margaret 
Warwick, arms of 
,, Earl ot 

Welley, William— Al 
Westmoreland, Earl of 
Wills 

Barstaple, Isabel 
,, John . 
Beaupyne, Thomas 
Bennett, Agnes . 
John . 
Brugge, Sir Gyles 
Busche, Johane 
Busshe, Thomas 



Combre, John 

Denys, Sir Walter 
Dixton, Richard 

Fortey, John 

Gibbs, Henry 
Gittins, William 
Grevell, Sir Edward 
Grevyll, Sir John 
Grevell, William 
Grevell, Dame Margaret 
Greyndor, Dame Jane 

Haliday, Edwarde 
Margery 
Henshawe, William 
Hicheman, Water 

Jay, Joan . 
Jaye, John 

Kingeston. Sir William 
Knyvet, Sir William 
Kyngston, Dame Mary 

Langley, Edmond 
,, John . 
Walter 



174 
221 
212 
223 
199 

9 

2 

23 

9 

5i 

9 

30 
30 
18 
95 
95 



97 
109 

37 

57 



176 
223 

161 

115 
223 



124 
124 
223 
127 

78 
78 

217 
119 
217 

218 



Wills (continued) 




Marner, Philip . 


. 178 


Mede, Philip 


■ 72 


Nele, Thomas . 


• »39 


Pagge, Robert . 


. 42 


Porter, Roger 


. 130 


Raynsford, Charles . 


• 175 


Rouudon, Walter 


• 132 


Rowley, Thomas 


75 


Rowse, Thomas 


. 217 


Serche, Robert . 


106 


Spycer, Joan 


• 44 


Tame, Sir Edmounde 


• 147 


Sir Edmunde . 


• 149 


,, Dame Elizabeth 


• 149 


John 


■ 103 


Tayliour, Johane 


• 91 


Thorne, Nicholas 


. 169 


Robert . 


. 168 


Townesend, John 


• 54 


Twynyho, John 


. 1 10 


Tyndall, Thomas 


172 


Weston-upon-Avon, brasses 


at 158, 


162 




Whittington, brass at 


. 163 


Widow 14, 27, 29, 31, 44 


48, 68, 


91, 126, 131, 148, 1 


54, 168, 



18, 



• 117 

52, 54, 87, 



175, 195 
Wine Merchant 
Winterbourne, brass at 
Witts, Rev. F. E. 
Woodstock, arms of . 
Woolmen 20, 21, 39, 4 

89, '35 
Wormington, brass at 
Wotton, Richard de 
Wotton-under-Edge, brass at 

,, lost brass at 

Wylcotes, arms of 
Wyllycotes, arms of 

Yate, brass at . 



187 



174 
174 

180 



PRINTED AT 
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