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h Manchester, IN 46962 





My New Year's Resolutions 

Written tongue-in-cheek 
by Editor Richard C. Winfield 

I'VE DECIDED not to pay the rent on 
our house this year. Finances are a lit- 
tle tight just now (I guess we overex- 
tended ourselves a little in 1993!), and 
the only way I can see to make ends 
meet is to stop paying the rent. This way 
I figure that by the end of the year, we 
can be pretty well caught up financially, 
and perhaps we can even put a little in 
savings for 1995. 

Not paying the rent might get me into 
trouble with the landlord, but I hear he's 
a nice person, so I think he'll under- 
stand. Anyway, he's loaded, so he won't 
need the money. He has rental houses 
all over, I hear. Actually, I've never met 
the man (he lives in another state; I 
rented the house through an agency), 
but this is what I've heard about him. 

I don't mean to say that I'm not going 
to pay anything for the use of the house. 
I'll kick in a few bucks a month, and if 
I feel particularly generous around the 
holidays, I may chip in a bit more. And 
if I hear that the landlord really needs 
the money — some of his houses get washed 
away in a flood or something — then I 
may shell out a few big bucks. But I just 
can't handle that regular monthly pay- 
ment this year. If things start looking up, 
maybe I can do better on down the 
road— in 1995 or 96. 

The silent treatment 

I've also decided not to talk to my 
wife in 1994. But this is for an entirely 
different reason. It just takes too much 
of my time! There never seem to ro 
enough hours in the day to accomplish 
everything I need to get done. So I think 
I can save some time by cutting out con- 
versations with my wife. To be sure, 
there may be some side benefits! She 
always wants to talk when I'm reading 
the paper or during the most exciting 
parts of a sports event on television or 
during one of my favorite TV programs. 

I don't mean to say that I won't talk 
to my dear wife at all. I'll say a few 
words to her now and then, particularly 
at meals. "Great meal, Honey. Please 
pass the potatoes, would you? Thanks 

for baking the pie." Or if I need some- 
thing, I'll have to break the silence. 
"Honey, would you iron me a shirt?" 
And if I get sick and can't get out of 
bed, I might find that I'll have to call on 
her quite often to help me. 

It's not that I don't love my wife, you 
understand. I love her a lot! It's just this 
time thing. I've got to find a way to deal 
with the time crunch. 

A no-food diet 

For the same reason (the time crunch), 
I've also made another New Year's res- 
olution. I've decided to stop eating meals 
on a regular basis in 1994. This will also 
save me some money (not to mention 
getting rid of some of that flab around 
my middle). But my main reason for not 
eating is to save time. Just think how 
much time we spend each day eating! 

Of course, I'll probably get pretty hun- 
gry. And after I use up the stored fat, I 
may start looking awfully thin. I even 
run the risk of getting sick. But that's 
the chance I'll have to take. 

Besides, it's not as if I won't eat at 
all. I'll grab a bite here and there from 
time to time, particularly when other peo- 
ple are eating. (Might even be tempted 
to snitch something from their plates!) 
And I may eat an occasional meal on 
Sundays. But no more regular three 
meals a day. I just can't spare the time. 

My rationale 

You may be thinking that these three 
resolutions are pretty far out. But I was 
talking to a man the other day (he 
seemed like a sensible fellow), and what 
he had to say seemed similar to what 
I'm planning for 1994. 

This man said that even though he is 
a Christian and attends church regularly, 
he can't afford to tithe or even to make 
a pledge to the church. His financial 
situation is just too tight. The best he 
can do is put in a couple of bucks a 
week and occasionally respond to a spe- 
cial appeal. 

He also said that while he loves the 
Lord and believes in the power of prayer, 

he just can't seem to find time to do 
much more than say grace at meals — 
except perhaps when he needs some- 
thing from the Lord or gets sick. He just 
can't fit it into his hectic schedule 

The same is true of Bible-reading. He 
said he stands firm on the inspiration and 
authority of the Bible, but he can hardly 
ever find time to read it, except on Sun- 
days during Sunday school and the wor- 
ship service. We had a long conversa- 
tion about these things while we were 
waiting our turns at the bowling alley. 

A simple solution 

So I thought, "If this guy can pull this 
off in his Christian life, why can't I do 
the same in my everyday affairs?" I could 
probably find other ways to get my fi- 
nancial house in order (cut up the credit 
cards, start living within my means). And 
I might be able to find other ways to 
deal with the time crunch. (I thought 
about cutting back on my TV-watching 
and limiting my social activities, but 
this seemed a bit too radical!) No, these 
three resolutions appear to me to pro- 
vide the simplest solution. 

So I'll give them a try for a year. Next 
January I'll tell you how they worked 
out — that is, if I survive 1994! [ft] 

A Belated Farewell 

For the past ten years it has been 
my pleasure — first on a monthly basis 
(1984-85), then bimonthly— to pre- 
pare for publication the column "Devel- 
oping a Global Vision" by John Maust. 
I always found John's articles interest- 
ing, well-written, and worthwhile. Some- 
times he stepped on my toes, but that 
was all right. 

A product of the Nappanee, Ind., 
First Brethren Church, John was serv- 
ing as a missionary in Peru with Latin 
America Mission when he began writ- 
ing the column. He later became ed- 
itor of that mission's magazine, the 
Latin America Evangelist, a position 
he still holds (in addition to handling 
other responsibilities for the mission). 

John's column will not appear in The 
Brethren Evangelist in 1994. Discon- 
tinuing the column was a difficult de- 
cision, but after ten years it seemed 
time to make a change and to give 
John a rest. The final column in his 
series appeared in the November 1 993 

I wish to express publicly my ap- 
preciation to John for his insightful writ- 
ing during the past ten years. Thank 
you, John, for helping us "Develop a 
Global Vision." 

— Editor Dick Winfield 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Funderburg Library 


North Manchester, IN 46962 

January 1994 
Volume 116, Number 1 

The Brethren Evangelist 

(ISSN 0747-4288) 


Richard C. Winfield 

Children's Page 

Sandi Rowsey 

Editorial and 
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Ashland, OH 44805-3792 

Phone: 419-289-1708 

Published: Monthly (except 
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Member: Evangelical Press 


My New Year's Resolutions by Richard C. Winfield 2 

Unconventional ways to beat tight finances and the time crunch in 1994. 

Christ, the Center of Scripture by William H. Kerner 4 

The purpose of the Bible is to lead us to Jesus Christ and to instruct 
us about how to live as His committed disciples. 

When Not to Build by Ray Bowman with Eddy Hall 6 

An architect's unconventional wisdom for growing churches. 

A Common Interest Can Have an Eternal Impact! 8 

by John Parrish 

"Discussion evangelism" can lead to a new level of friendship and open 

the door for sharing the gospel. 

We Would Not Need to Discuss Stewardship IF ... 9 

by Donald R. Brown 

If Christians put spiritual matters before material goods, churches 

would soon have no financial problems. 

Ministry Pages 

Ashland Theological Seminary 


Ashland Theological Seminary: Building Bridges 

by Frederick J. Finks 

Building Bridges to the World 


Building Bridges to the Churches 



Cartoon 3 

Children's Page 


Readers' Forum 10 

by Sandi Rowsey 

Update 15 

From the Grape Vine 


The January-February Woman's Outlook Newsletter is in the center of this 
issue of the EVANGELIST. 

Answers to the Little Crusader page: 

There are many possible answers to these questions. What do you think? 


Pontius' Puddle 





course: in 


January 1994 

the Bible 

THE PURPOSE of Scripture is 
to lead people to the Lord Jesus 
Christ. This purpose was expressed 
by Christ Himself when He said to 
the Pharisees, "You diligently study 
the Scriptures because you think 
that by them you possess eternal 
life. These are the Scriptures that 
testify about me ..." (John 5:39*). 
The Apostle Paul, in writing to 
Timothy, lays out the same salva- 
tion purpose: ". . . from infancy you 
have known the holy Scriptures, 
which are able to make you wise for 
salvation through faith in Christ 
Jesus. All Scripture is God-breathed 
and is useful for teaching, rebuk- 
ing, correcting and training in right- 
eousness, so that the man of God 
may be thoroughly equipped for every 
good work" (2 Tim. 3:15-17). 

A practical purpose 

These verses suggest that the 
Scriptures have a practical purpose, 
and that this purpose is moral and 
relational rather than just intellec- 
tual, because the Scriptures lead us 
to faith in Christ and instruct us 
about how we are to live as His 
committed disciples. We believe, 
therefore, that what God has done 
in Jesus Christ (the gospel) should 
be the starting point and our center 
as we approach Scripture. 

The Brethren interpreted their 
faith and experience through "be- 

*Quotations from the Bible are from the 
New International Version. 

Rev. Kerner is a retired pastor and 
the former Director of Pastoral Minis- 
tries for The Brethren Church. He is a 
member of The Brethren Church's 
Committee on Doctrine, Research, and 
Publication, which is preparing this 
series of articles on "Understanding the 

Christ, the Center 
of Scripture 

By William H. Kerner 

ing in Christ." They began with the 
study of the Scriptures and the 
power of the Holy Spirit. Alexander 
Mack and his followers pondered 
the pages of Scripture to discover 
just what they had to say and then 
were brave enough to live by those 
teachings, come what may. They be- 
lieved that their faith and experi- 
ence must center on their relation- 
ship to the living Christ. They, with 
the Anabaptists and Pietists, saw 
Christ as the central theme of the 

The method Christ taught 

Brethren believe in a Christ- 
centered approach to Scripture be- 
cause Christ Himself taught this 
principle. In His debate with the 
Pharisees, Jesus said, "These are 
the Scriptures that testify about me, 
yet you refuse to come to me to have 
life. ... If you believed Moses, you 
would believe me, for he wrote about 
me. But since you do not believe 
what he wrote, how are you going 
to believe what I say?" (John 5:39- 
40, 46-47). Jesus was saying that 
since they had missed the Living 
Word — Jesus Christ, Himself — they 
had missed the whole point of the 
written word. 

After the resurrection, during the 
'Trip Through the Scriptures in 
Seven Miles" on the road to Em- 
maus, Jesus told two discouraged 

Correspondence Welcomed 

The members of the General Con- 
ference Executive Council's Commit- 
tee on Doctrine, Research, and Pub- 
lication invite readers to suggest topics 
or Bible passages to discuss in future 
articles in this column. Send ques- 
tions, comments, or suggestions to 
the committee in care of The Breth- 
ren Evangelist, 524 College Ave., 
Ashland, OH 44805. 

disciples how all the Scriptures 
spoke of Him. "And beginning with 
Moses and all the Prophets, he ex- 
plained to them what was said in 
all the Scriptures concerning him- 
self" (Luke 24:27). 

A little while later, the Risen Christ 
said to a wider audience, "'This is 
what I told you while I was still 
with you: Everything must be ful- 
filled that is written about me in 
the Law of Moses, the Prophets and 
the Psalms.' Then he opened their 
minds so they could understand the 
Scriptures" (Luke 24:44-45). Jesus 
was asserting that not only did the 
Scriptures bear witness to Him in a 
general way, but also that in each 
of the three divisions of the Old Tes- 
tament — the Law, the Prophets, and 
the Writings — there were things 
that spoke of Him and that all these 
thing must be fulfilled in Him. 

Christ, the unifying connection 

The apostles saw the essential 
witness of the Old Testament as a 
witness to the Lord Jesus Christ. 
This theme runs throughout the en- 
tire New Testament, making Christ 
the unifying connection between the 
two testaments. What was prom- 
ised in the Old is fulfilled in the 

Note the testimony of Philip. He 
met a eunuch who was reading 
Isaiah 53. "Then Philip began with 
that very passage of Scripture and 
told him the good news about Je- 
sus" (Acts. 8:35). The Apostle Paul 
likewise made the connection of 
promise to fulfillment to believers 
at Thessalonica. "... he reasoned 
with them from the Scriptures, ex- 
plaining and proving that the 
Christ had to suffer and rise from 
the dead" (Acts 17:2-3). 

The Apostle Peter preached the 
same message in Jerusalem. He said, 

The Brethren Evangelist 

"Now, brothers, I know that you acted 
in ignorance, as did your leaders. 
But this is how God fulfilled what 
he had foretold through all the 
prophets, saying that his Christ 
would suffer" (Acts 3:17-18). We find 
that whatever Christ did, the New 
Testament regarded as having been 
predicted in the Old. 

The Old Testament looks forward 
to the coming of a redeemer to re- 
store humankind's broken relation- 
ship with God. The New Testament 
introduces us to that redeemer, the 
Lord Jesus Christ. We see, then, 
that in Christ we are confronted 
with the full revelation of God. 

Some 16 centuries ago, Augustine 
explained the relationship of the 
two testaments in this way: "The 
New is in the Old contained; the 
Old is by the New explained." We 
find, then, that both the Old Testa- 
ment and the New Testament are 
necessary for a full understanding 
of what God in Christ has done for 
our salvation, our life as His disci- 
ples, and our hope for a future res- 
idence in heaven. 

Christ, the standard of truth 

Christ is the center of the Scrip- 
tures in the sense that the Old Tes- 
tament prophets told of His coming 
and the New Testament apostles 
interpreted the meaning of His life, 
teachings, death, and resurrection. 
But He is also the center of the 
Scriptures in the sense that He is 
the absolute center and standard of 
Christian truth. Jesus said, "I am 
the way and the truth and the life. 
No one comes to the Father except 
through me" (John 14:6). Paul states: 

He is the image of the invisible 
God, the firstborn over all creation. 
. . . For God was pleased to have 
all his fullness dwell in him, and 
though him to reconcile to himself 
all things, whether things on earth 
or things in heaven, by making 
peace through his blood, shed on the 
cross. Col. 1:15, 19-20 

The author of the letter to the 
Hebrews sees Jesus Christ as the 
full and final revelation of God. 

In the past God spoke to our fore- 
fathers through the prophets at 
many times and in various ways, 
but in these last days he has spo- 
ken to us by his Son, whom he ap- 

January 1994 

pointed heir of all things, and through 
whom he made the universe. The 
Son is the radiance of God's glory 
and the exact representation of his 
being, sustaining all things by his 
powerful word. After he had pro- 
vided purification for sins, he sat 
down at the right hand of the Maj- 
esty in heaven. Heb. 1:1-3 

Sound principles of understanding 
the Scriptures, therefore, require see- 
ing Christ as the center and culmi- 
nation of Scripture. 

A motivating conviction 

The Christ-centered Scriptures 
became the motivating conviction 
for the Brethren. Alexander Mack 
and his followers committed them- 
selves to obedience to all the com- 
mands of Christ. This, they believed 
constituted the evidence of a saving 
faith and proof of true Christian love. 

This theological base is repeated 
throughout our history. The 1815 
Minutes of Annual Meeting stated, 
"We labor to be obedient to the Gos- 
pel of Jesus by the Grace of God." 
Later, Henry Kurtz said, "We find 
the perfect Law only in Christ and 
His teaching." Shortly before the 
three-way split in 1882, Henry 
Holsinger, the leader of the Progres- 
sive Brethren (later called The Breth- 
ren Church), stated in The Progres- 
sive Christian of October 8, 1880: 
'The Gospel of Christ is our only 
and all-sufficient rule of faith and 

Holsinger's slogan was, "Read the 
Gospel, Obey the Gospel, and Preach 
the Gospel." He also noted that 
Jesus said, "My Brethren are those 
which hear the Word and do it" 
(Luke 8:21). And he went further to 
state, "If hearing the Word of God 
and doing it makes men brothers, 
the brethren of Christ, it makes 
them altogether good enough to be 
our brethren; and if we hear and 
obey the Word it should make us 
good enough for fellowship with the 
church of Christ." 

The "Declaration of Principles" 
adopted at the first convention of 
the Progressive Brethren, held 
June 29-30, 1882, states: "We hold 
that in religion the gospel of Christ 
and the gospel alone, is a sufficient 
rule of faith and practice; that he 
who adds to the gospel, takes from 

it, or in any way binds upon men 
anything different from the gospel, 
is an infidel to the Author of Chris- 
tianity and a usurper of gospel 

Claude Studebaker, General Con- 
ference Moderator in 1940, laid out 
to that Conference: "Now the Breth- 
ren Church has set herself to obey 
all the commands of Christ. ... If we 
are to give to the world our contri- 
bution as a church, we must con- 
tinue to teach obedience to Christ. I 
am quite convinced that the future 
growth and usefulness of our church 
lies in faithfully preaching our mes- 
sage rather than trying to compro- 
mise our historic faith with some 
popular interpretation to secure a 
larger following." 

Costly discipleship 

Taking the Gospel of Jesus Christ 
as the principle for interpreting 
Scripture has given us our distinc- 
tive beliefs. It is the desire to obey 
all the teachings of Christ that gives 
us our view of costly discipleship. 
Early Brethren had no room for an 
"invisible" church. They taught that 
the church was as visible as every 
believer's life. Brethren saw the body 
of Christ as made up of those who 
turn their backs on sin and take the 
cross of discipleship as their way of 
life. Our Brethren youth have it right 
when they sing, "If you don't bear 
the cross, then you can't wear the 

Taking Christ as the principle of 
interpretation and obeying His 
teachings brought the Brethren to 
lay stress on the examination be- 
fore Communion, and also on feet- 
washing and the Love Feast as well 
as the Bread and Cup. It also brought 
us the practice of nonconformity, 
nonresistance, and nonswearing as 
a way of life. 

One of the main things that bind 
us together as Brethren is our Christ- 
centered view of Scripture. This 
principle of interpretation is basic 
to hearing God speak to us today 
and to telling others what God has 
done in Jesus Christ. What better 
can we do than proclaim that 
Christ is both the "key" to and the 
"Lord" of the Scriptures, and set 
ourselves to teach what Christ 
taught? [ft] 

An architect's unconventional 
wisdom for the growing church: 

When Not to Build 

By Ray Bowman with Eddy Hall 

WHEN a suburban Philadelphia con- 
gregation asked me to design a 
1,000-seat sanctuary, that's exactly what 
I intended to do. They had called for the 
usual reasons: their sanctuary was full 
and they were running out of educational 
space. It was time to build. 

To determine how best to design their 
facility, I first met with the church board 
for four hours on a Saturday morning. 
Next I spent several days studying the 
church's ministries, finances, and use of 
facilities. Finally, I felt as though I had 
the facts I needed to draft my proposal. 

I met with the board again the follow- 
ing Saturday. "What you really need to 
build," I announced, "is a storage shed." 

Had the church invited me a year and 
a half earlier, I would have designed a 
1,000-seat sanctuary and cheered them 
on. "The building will bring more peo- 
ple to Christ," I'd have said. "Its beauty 
will draw you closer to God. People will 
notice you're here and that you're an 
important part of the community." 

During 30 years of designing church 
buildings, I'd heard all these claims from 
pastors and church boards. I'd seen no 
reason not to accept their assumption that 
bigger buildings translated into greater 
ministry. But then I began church con- 
sulting work. It was this new hat I was 
wearing — consultant rather than architect 
— that made the difference. 

As an architect my job had been to 
design the kind of building the church 
people expected. As a consultant, I studied 
this fast-growing congregation through 
new eyes and came to a startling conclu- 
sion: a major building program at that 
time would in all likelihood have stopped 
the church's growth and created finan- 
cial bondage for years to come. 

Ray Bowman is a church consultant 
who lives in Larkspur, Colorado. Eddy 
Hall is a free-lance writer from Goessel, 
Kansas. This article was adapted by the 
authors from their book, When Not to 
Build: An Architect's Unconven- 
tional Wisdom for the Growing 
Church (Baker Book House, 1992). 

Over the next ten years I went on to 
consult with scores of churches and learned 
from each of them. Because I was ask- 
ing facility questions from a new per- 
spective, the perspective of ministry and 
outreach, time after time I was forced to 
rethink some point of conventional wis- 
dom I had embraced as an architect. 

Most churches, I realized, build too 
big, build too soon, or build the wrong 
kind of building. It was painful for me 
to admit that I had encouraged these mis- 
guided practices, and that for 30 years 
much of my well-intentioned advice had 
actually hurt the churches I had worked 

These hard lessons eventually pushed 
me to a conclusion so unconventional 
that it sounds like architectural heresy: 
most churches thinking of building 
shouldn't, at least not yet. I became con- 
vinced, in fact, that the single most 
valuable lesson a church can learn about 
building is when not to build. And that 
lesson can be summarized in three parts 
— three situations in which a church should 
not build. 

Scrutinize Motives 

First, a church should not build if its 
reasons for building are wrong. Years 
ago a church of about 150 people in Ar- 
kansas hired me as an architect to de- 
sign a new sanctuary for them. When I 
saw their building, I was puzzled. 
Though the building was older, its loca- 
tion was good and the congregation had 
never filled it. 

Finally, I asked the pastor, "Why do 
you want a new building?" 

"The first reason," he answer, "is 
that these people haven't done anything 
significant for 25 years. This is a way to 
get them to do something significant. 

"Second, the people aren't giving at 
anywhere near the level they could or 
should be. A building program would 
motivate them to give more. 

"Third, a building program will unite 
the people behind a common goal." 

I believed he was right on all three 
counts, and I designed the sanctuary. 

Now I know that this pastor was trying 
to do something that never works — 
solve non-building problems with a build- 
ing. That church built for the wrong 

Seek Other Alternatives 

Second, a church should not build 
when there is a better way to meet space 
needs. As I studied the Philadelphia 
church, I agreed at once that it had a 
space problem. At its rate of growth, the 
congregation would soon outgrow its 
worship space. Between Sunday school 
and their Christian school, their educa- 
tional space was full. They had no room 
for additional staff offices. Building was 
the obvious solution. 

But the wrong one. "I found a room 
filled with missionary boxes," I told the 
board. "Now those boxes don't need 
heat. They don't need lighting. They 
don't need windows or carpet, do 
they?" I recommended a low-cost stor- 
age and maintenance building to free up 
existing space for educational use. 

"This barn on your property is a his- 
toric structure," I told them. "It's worth 
preserving. But you're not getting good 
use out of it." Then we discussed how 
they could remodel it into a gymnasium, 
kitchen, and educational space at half 
the cost of a comparable new structure. 

"You can meet your need for worship 
space for years to come," I went on, 
"without the tremendous commitment 
of time, energy, and money involved in 
building a new sanctuary." The wall be- 
tween the existing sanctuary and foyer 
could be removed to enlarge the wor- 
ship area. A modest addition could pro- 
vide a new, larger foyer, one that would 

The Brethren Evangelist 

make it practical to hold two Sunday 
morning services, immediately doubling 
the worship seating capacity. The new 
addition could also house the office 
space the church would soon need for 
its growing staff. 

Finally, I suggested that they replace 
their fixed worship seating with mov- 
able seating. For the comparatively low 
cost of new chairs, the church could use 
the largest single space in the building 
for a wide range of activities — space 
that would otherwise lie useless for all 
but a few hours a week. 

The church adopted the suggestions, 
completing its remodeling and modest 
construction projects within a couple of 
years. The congregation continued to 
reach out to the unchurched and within 
six years grew from 300 to 850. 

What would have happened if the 
church had moved ahead with its origi- 
nal building plans? The growth histories 
of other churches suggest the answer. 

A fast-growing church launches a ma- 
jor building program to create space for 
more growth, taking on heavy debt. 
Though not by design, the building pro- 
gram becomes the congregation's focus. 
People give correspondingly less atten- 
tion to the outreach ministries that have 
been producing growth. Church attend- 
ance peaks, drops slightly, and levels off. 
Its mindset now changed from growth 
to maintenance, the church may continue 
for decades with no significant growth. 
Whenever the church seeks creative al- 

ternatives to building prematurely, how- 
ever, "people ministry" can go on un- 
interrupted and growth can continue. 

It was at the Philadelphia church that 
I first began to realize that of the many 
churches that had hired me to design 
new buildings, few actually needed them. 
What most needed was to find ways to 
use their existing buildings more effec- 
tively. What seems obvious to me now 
came then as a fresh revelation: until a 
church is fully using the space it has, it 
doesn't need more. 

Minimize Debt 

Third, a church should not build when 
building would increase the risk of fi- 
nancial bondage. When the Philadelphia 
church commissioned my study, it was 
still in debt for the existing building. The 
congregation planned to borrow most of 
the money for the new building, but the 
loan payment would have been larger 
than the existing congregation could 
have met. The church's ability to repay 
the loan depended on future growth. 

I recommended that this congregation 
convert its finances onto a provision 
plan, living within the income God pro- 
vided. This means first paying off the 
existing mortgage. Then they would do 
the necessary remodeling and build their 
modest additions on a cash basis. 

Operating on provision would mean 
setting aside regularly for future facility 
needs so that the congregation could pay 
cash for most or all of its next building. 

The many thousands of dollars saved on 
interest would be freed up for the church's 
true work — ministering to people. 

The church followed this plan, paying 
off its debt and expanding its facilities 
on a cash basis. Then the congregation 
began setting aside funds regularly so 
that it could pay cash for an anticipated 
building program in five years. 

Because it is not saddled with debt, 
this church has been free to invest more 
and more money in ministry to people, 
including its Christian school and a 
multi-faceted inner-city mission in a 
nearby neighborhood. 

When to Build 

But there is a time to build. When pas- 
tor and people have come to see build- 
ings merely as tools and nothing more, 
the church passes the motivation test. 

When a church is so fully utilizing its 
facilities that it can find no alternative 
less costly in time, energy, and money 
than building, it passes the need test. 

And when a church is living within 
the income God has provided and can 
build without resorting to borrowing or 
dipping into funds needed for ministry 
to people, the church passes the finan- 
cial readiness test. 

When a church wants to build for the 
right reasons, has no less costly alterna- 
tives, and has the funds to build without 
borrowing or taking funds from min- 
istry — then and only then is it time to 
build. [ir] 

15 Questions to Answer Before You Build 


Do you expect a new building to attract new people to 
the church? 

2. Is it your goal to design a building that will inspire peo- 
ple to worship? 

3. Do you expect your members to be more motivated to 
reach out to others once you have a new building? 

4. Do you think a building program will motivate your peo- 
ple to give more generously to the work of the church? 

5. Do you expect the building program to unify your people 
behind a significant challenge? 

6. Do you hope that a building program will involve more 
people in the work of the church? 

7. Do you see the building as a way to make a statement 
to the community about the church's importance? 

8. Do you hope that a new building will help your people 
take more pride in their church? 

9. Do you need a larger sanctuary so the entire congrega- 
tion can worship together at one time? 

10. Do you need to add more educational space so all your 
classes can meet at once? 

11. Is it possible that space needs could be met through 
more creative use of present facilities? 

12. Are you still paying debt on your last building? 

13. Would you have to borrow a major part of the finances 
for a building program? 

14. Would paying for the project depend on the church's 
future growth? 

15. To help pay for the building, would you explore ways to 
cut spending on your present ministry programs or staffing? 

Add up your answers. Every yes or maybe is a possible 
reason not to build, to delay building, or to seek another 
more appropriate solution through prayer, research, and re- 

Questions 1 through 8 relate to motivations for building. A 
congregation that has yes or maybe answers here may be 
in danger of trying to meet non-building needs with a build- 
ing program. 

Questions 9 through 1 1 deal with how best to meet space 
needs. A congregation with yes or maybe answers here 
probably doesn't need to build yet, but can grow through 
making fuller use of existing facilities until future growth 
makes building truly necessary. 

Questions 12 through 15 address financial readiness. A 
congregation with yes or maybe answers here needs to im- 
plement plans to pay off debt and save for future facility 
needs so future building will not require borrowing or dipping 
into funds needed for ministry. 

Adapted from When Not to Build: An Architect's Unconven- 
tional Wisdom for the Growing Church by Ray Bowman with 
Eddy Hall (Baker, 1992) Used by permission. 

January 1994 

A Common Interest 
Can Have an Eternal Impact! 

MARTY met Phil and his fam- 
ily last May at the office pic- 
nic. As they talked they discovered 
they had much in common. Both 
were successful in the sales divi- 
sion for their company. They had 
both graduated from the same col- 
lege with the same degree. Both en- 
joyed tennis, fishing, and garden- 
ing. Marty did discover one major 
difference between the two of them, 
however; he was a committed Chris- 
tian and Phil was not. 

In the months that followed, their 
friendship grew. They played ten- 
nis together every Thursday. They 
went to the annual State Garden 
Show together to glean new ideas 
for use in their favorite pastime. 

Marty wanted to share Christ with 
Phil, but he wasn't sure how to 
broach the subject with him. One 
day he discovered a way. 

His church sponsored a lunch fea- 
turing a salesman he and Phil both 
admired. The salesman was a com- 
mitted Christian and shared the 
story of his success. Marty attended, 

Reprinted — at the suggestion of the 
Brethren Church's National Coordina- 
tor for Passing On the Promise — from 
Friendly Witnesses, the newsletter of 
Serve International. Used by permission. 


but Phil had to 
be out of town 
that day. 

The speaker 
shared that he 
had spent his 
life pursuing 
success. He 
said that even 
though he had 
many things, 
he still was 
missing a 

sense of per- 
sonal peace 
and satisfaction. It wasn't until he 
met Christ that the pieces of his 
life came together and he found 
true success. 

An idea hit Marty. Why not get 
the tape of this event and use it as 
a basis of discussion with Phil? 
Phil was always looking for ways 
to better himself. He would give the 
tape to Phil and they could discuss 
it after tennis on Thursdays. 

It worked out easier than Marty 
thought. Phil was interested in lis- 
tening to the tape. Marty wrote 
several questions for their discus- 
sion based on the speaker's com- 
ments. These served as natural 
springboards into spiritual issues. 
It was a natural bridge to talk to 
Phil about Christ. Phil and Marty 
talked openly on a level they had 
never talked before. 

What are the Advantages of 

Discussion Evangelism? 

• Discussion Evangelism builds on a 
point of expressed interest. You 
become a facilitator in the other 
person's field of interest. 

• It provides a natural transition to 
discuss spiritual issues. 

• It is an interactive dialog over 
questions instead of a monologue. 

• Multiple conversations build 

By John Parrish 

strong bridges of relationship. 

• Many "one shot" gospel presenta- 
tions leave the relationship awk- 
wardly hanging when you call for 
commitment and the person is not 
ready. In Discussion Evangelism 
you have many opportunities left 
to discuss Christ. Numerous books 
and tapes of interest are available 
for continued discussion. 

• It can be done with a group or with 
one person, offering flexibility. 

How do I go about it? 

First, get to know your friend. 
What does this person get excited 
about? Sports? Work? Family? 
Marriage? Money? Success? Look 
for the person's interests. 

Next, look for Christian role mod- 
els in these areas who have some- 
thing of significance to say. For ex- 
ample: Baseball — Orel Hirsheizer; 
Marriage and Family — James 
Dobson; Business — Jack Eckerd; 
Sales — Zig Ziglar. 

Review what you plan to give the 
person beforehand. Make sure the 
author has something worthwhile 
to say and that he or she will "con- 
nect" with your friend. 

As you read, prayerfully look for 
quotes you think will be helpful for 
your friend. These can serve as 
springboards for questions. 

Approach your friend and say 
something like: "As I listened to 
this tape, I thought you would en- 
joy it. I'd like to talk about your 
impressions after you listen to it." 

Be sure to draw out your friend's 
interest and don't dominate the 
conversation. Hold each discussion 
to under one hour. If your friend is 
responsive and wants to know more 
about the secret to this person's 
success, purpose, or peace of mind, 
then you've opened the door for the 
gospel and to an entirely different 
level of friendship. [ft] 

The Brethren Evangelist 

We Would Not Need 
To Discuss TTTT 
Stewardship J_J^ t 

lb every evangelical Christian 
tithed, no evangelical church 
would ever have any financial 

Ir all evangelical Christians 
gave as God prospered them, 
churches would not find 20 per- 
cent of the congregation giving 
80 percent of all funds received. 

lb each evangelical Christian 
gave as God prospered him or 
her, churches would not report 
that up to 50 percent of those at- 
tending regularly never give any- 
thing through the local church. 

lr every evangelical Christian 
tithed, the hundreds of candi- 
dates waiting to go to the mis- 
sions field could be fully funded. 

lr any evangelical Christian 
ever experienced giving to God's 
work first, regardless of his or 
her financial situation, that 
person would soon experience 
the blessings of giving . . . and 

lr evangelical Christians gave 
a proportional share of their time 
and effort to God, churches 
might have to find new projects 
for all the volunteers. 

lr evangelicals showed as 
much concern about the practi- 
cal aspect of the stewardship of 
our earth's atmosphere as they 
do about the teaching of creation- 
ism in public schools, non- 
evangelicals might become aware 
that the universe actually is 
God's creation. 

lr evangelical Christians ever 
learn the "joy of giving," they 

January 1994 

By Donald R. Brown 

may stop debating whether the 
tithe is 10 percent of the gross or 
10 percent of the net. 

lr all evangelical Christians 
put spiritual matters before 
material goods, evangelical 
churches would soon have no 
financial problems at all. 

lr those who prepare fund re- 
quests for evangelical causes 
were as dependent on the guid- 
ance of the Holy Spirit as on 
clever phrases, exaggerated 
needs, or celebrity endorsements, 
evangelical Christians might 
respond with more that two 
or three percent of their gross 

lr all fund appeals by evan- 
gelical organizations were truly 
biblically based and spiritually 
motivated, evangelical Christians 
might give much more eagerly. 

lr all funds given by evangeli- 
cal Christians were handled care- 
fully and prayerfully by responsi- 
ble administrators, Christian 
organizations would have fewer 

It 1 evangelical Christians gave 
as much money to God's work as 
they spend on entertainment 
(TVs, VCRs, camcorders, video 
tape rentals, movies, records, 
books, etc.), it would likely far 
exceed the amount of the tithe. 

It all evangelical Christians 
made judicious use of credit 
cards and charge accounts (per- 
haps even eliminating them), 
they would have more funds 
available for the Lord's work. 

lb you are beginning to tire of 
the word stewardship, remember 
it is simply shorthand for "God 
will one day hold you accountable 
for all the money, talent, and 
brains he has given to you." [D 1 ] 

IF all evangelical 
Christians put spiritual 
matters before material 
goods, evangelical 
churches would soon 
have no financial prob- 
lems at all. 

Mr. Brown is editor of United Evan- 
gelical Action magazine, a publication 
of the National Association of Evan- 

This article originally appeared in the 
March-April 1990 issue of Action 
magazine. It is reprinted here at the 
suggestion of the former Stewardship 
Commission of The Brethren Church. 
It is used by permission. 

Readers' Forum 

A column in which readers can share their thoughts and views with the Brethren. 

Theology and Change 

I BELIEVE that God allows His 
church to be divided into various 
denominations because He has cho- 
sen to reveal Himself at different 
times to different groups of His peo- 
ple in new and unique ways. He 
enlightens them to a particular as- 
pect of His being and entrusts them 
with that specific truth. These groups 
or denominations have a legitimate 
place in Christ's universal church 
as long as they remain true to their 
specific revelation, holding out their 
particular vision while standing to- 
gether with other Christians on the 
basic principles of Christian faith. 

We must be true to our vision 

For us as Brethren to justify our 
existence, for us to be blessed by 
God, I believe we must be true to 
the vision of church and community 
that God has given us. We must by 
voice and action display our tradi- 
tion. Our preaching and our prac- 
tice must reflect our unique under- 
standing of God and His plan for 
His people. Our organization and 
polity must be in line with our 

God's revelation is not static, but 
progressive. He continues to reveal 
Himself in new and exciting ways. I 
am sure we will never know the 
vast fullness of all God's being until 
we are finally transformed. Until 
that day, as God continues to reveal 
Himself on earth, theologies will 
change; they will grow. New revela- 
tion builds on old; our picture is 
enlarged. God blesses us with new 
vision as we in turn hold out the 
vision to the world. 

In this world, wherever there is 
life, there is change. Our culture 
and society change around us. For a 
church to effectively communicate 
its vision, it must adapt; some things 
need to change. But for its survival 
as a church tradition, it is vital that 
theological changes be founded only 
in new revelation from God. 

The early Brethren were not 
afraid of change; in fact, becoming 
static was what they feared most. 


Progressive Brethren believed in a 
growing understanding of God's 
revelation. They believed that they 
had a God-given process for dis- 
cerning truth. They had a process 
for change. God's will was to be de- 
termined by the community of be- 
lievers as they, enlightened by the 
Holy Spirit, studied the word of God 
together. The hermeneutic commu- 
nity is fundamental to The Breth- 
ren Church's particular piece of the 
Christian puzzle, a major part of 
our reason to exist today. 

At the present time, The Brethren 
Church is going through change. 
We need change in order to remain 
relevant to the world around us. It 
is equally important, however, that 
we remain true to our God-given 
tradition. In order to maintain our 
valid place in the diversified church 
of Jesus Christ, we Brethren must 
continue to preach and practice our 
particular vision of church and com- 
munity as we work through the 
process of change. We must change 
only according to the guidelines of 
our own tradition, according to our 
specific understanding of God and 
His people. 

Some important questions 

As we change today, we must ask 
ourselves several questions. First, 
we must ask if the process of change 
we are using is consistent with our 
established tradition, our view of 
community, our theology? But even 
more important, we must ask what 
the consequences will be if we 
violate our God-given process for 
change. Can our practice go against 
our theology? Will God bless us if 
we operate outside the revelation 
and vision He has give us? 

Our shift toward centralized 
church leadership and authority is 
a major shift in Brethren practice 
and thought. We are on the verge of 
a major change in our theology. I 
am concerned because I am not con- 
vinced that the changes are a result 
of new revelation from God to His 
people. I am not convinced because 

I have not seen the change come 
from the congregation of believers 
as they study God's word together. 
I do not think that the process of 
change we are going through is in 
line with our theology. An even 
greater concern, however, is that 
the shift to centralization will en- 
danger our traditional channel for 
receiving new revelation, the her- 
meneutic community. We are in 
danger not only of losing God's bless- 
ing but also of cutting off our com- 
munication with Him. 

We must seek the will of God 

Change will come to The Breth- 
ren Church, but it must not be 
change originated or dominated by 
our human wisdom or worldly un- 
derstanding. Now is the time for us 
Brethren to increase our searching 
for the will of God. We must inten- 
sify our praying. We need to revital- 
ize the hermeneutic community. 
We as a community of believers are 
bound by our nature to turn to God 
for new light as we sense a need for 
change. If we allow God to control 
us, I believe He will continue to bless 
The Brethren Church. But if we 
abandon our God-given vision of the 
Christ who speaks through church 
and community, we put our reason 
to exist in Christ's universal church 
in jeopardy. 

Let us, look to our Lord as we 
search for new ways to reach out to 
the lost in the light of our growing 
and God-given tradition. 

Mark Logan 
Bridgewater, Va. 

Rev. Logan, a former Brethren mis- 
sionary, currently pastors the 340 Breth- 
ren Church near Elkton, Va. 

We must never forget that the pri- 
mary reason God gave us prophecies 
about the future was to help us live 
faithfully in the present — not to sat- 
isfy our curiosity about what is going 
to happen. 

— From Spiritual Living in a 
Secular World by Ajith Fernando 
(ZondervanPublishingHouse, 1993) 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Hhc ^WomayCs OvCtfoofeJ^suitar 

^publication- of the Brethren, Human's Missionary Society 

January-February 1994 

Volume 7, Number 3 

ihc 'presidents Jm 

Dear Ladies, 

Psalm 118:1 says, "Give thanks to 
the Lord, for he is good; his love en- 
dures forever." As I write this, Thanks- 
giving has passed and we look forward 
to Christmas and celebrating the birth 
of Jesus. The thankfulness we are feel- 
ing now needs to carry on in our daily 
lives through Christmas and the 
months to follow. We have so much to 
be thankful for each day. Let's try to 
start each day with a thankful heart. 

As I was reading through some old 
Outlook magazines, I ran across a list 
of Prayer Reminders in a 1970 copy. It 

Let us thank God for the old year 
just past, for the joys and disappoint- 
ments which have helped to make our 
faith stronger. 

Let us thank God for bringing us to 
another year of service and may He 
grant us wisdom and grace to meet 
whatever tests may come. 

Let us thank God for His universe 
with all of its many wonders which only 
God can understand, but for the small 
part which man has been permitted to 
explore through the space program. 

Remember the missionaries in every 
field of endeavor. They need added 
strength, especially when far from fam- 
ily and loved ones. 

Ask God for special grace to raise our 
children in this world of confusion and 
m isunderstanding. 

These prayer reminders were writ- 
ten in 1970, but are so very applicable 
even in 1993. Spend time on these, and 
then remember to thank the Lord for 
all of our blessings. 

So far, we have had four months of 
programs from our devotional books. 
Are you using the Roll Calls? My circle 
at Park Street is, and we are having a 
good time with them. One of the other 
WMS circles is inviting the high school 
girls of the church to their December 
meeting. This is a good way to intro- 
(continued on page 4) 

The Song of the Witness 

Devotions given by Charlene Rowser August 4, 1993, 
at the WMS Conference 

As part of my morning devotions 
each day, I have gotten into the habit 
of reading at least one of the Psalms — 
those beautiful songs of the Bible. In 
the middle of the Psalms is a series 
which are called Songs of Ascents. The 
dictionary defines ascent as the act of 
rising or mounting upward. Bible 
scholars believe these were sung by 
the Jewish pilgrims on their way to Je- 
rusalem for one of the feast days. It 
may be that at certain spots the pil- 
grims would stop and sing one of the 

We all recall the beautiful words of 
the 121st Psalm: "I lift up my eyes to 
the hills — where does my help come 
from? My help comes from the Lord, 
the maker of heaven and earth." And 
from Psalm 130, we are comforted by 
the words, "Out of the depths I cry to 
you, O Lord; O Lord, hear my voice. 
Let your ears be attentive to my cry for 

Today let us focus on the 126th 
Psalm. There are a number of truths 
we can focus on as we consider our 
theme of witnessing with power. 

First of all, we see the people prais- 
ing God for His goodness to them. 
"When the Lord brought back the cap- 
tives to Zion, we were like men who 
dreamed. Our mouths were filled with 
laughter, our tongues with songs of 
joy. Then it was said among the na- 
tions, The Lord has done great things 
for them.' The Lord has done great 
things for us, and we are filled with 
joy. Restore our fortunes, O Lord, like 
streams in the Negev." God truly had 
blessed them, even though they were 
not faithful to Him. 

Now let us take a look at the song of 
a witness. "Those who sow in tears will 
reap with songs of joy. He who goes 
out weeping, carrying seed to sow, will 
return with songs of joy, carrying 
sheaves with him." 

Look at the task the Psalm sets forth. 
We are to go out as sowers. Jesus 
spoke of the sower in His parables. It 

was a common sight in the countryside 
to see a person take seed from a basket 
and sow it in the field. As a little girl, 
I used to follow my grandfather 
around as he "broadcast" seeds from a 
box he carried filled with seeds. He 
would turn a crank and a fan-like con- 
traption would scatter the seeds on the 
prepared land. We can understand 
what the Psalmist means when he 
sings about the task of the witness 
around the figure of sowing seed in a 
field. Jesus commissioned us, "Go and 
make disciples of all nations, baptizing 
them in the name of the Father and of 
the Son and of the Holy Spirit, and 
teaching them to obey everything I 
have commanded you." 

This is our mandate from heaven — 
our number one assignment from the 
Captain of our salvation. 

Not only is there the task but also 
the tears. This may seem a little 
unusual for a sower. He wept as he 
sowed. We have stifled tears in our 
day. Somehow we have gotten the idea 
that crying isn't cool, and we have rele- 
gated emotionalism to that loud church 
down the street. Maybe that is why we 
are winning so few people to the Lord; 
there are so few of us who have broken 
hearts for the lost. I have been a pas- 
tor's wife for over 40 years and I have 
seen many, many people come to know 
the Lord and, cool or not, tears still 
slide down my cheeks when someone 
comes forward. I may be so choked up 
that I have difficulty singing the clos- 
ing song, but that's okay — there is joy 
in heaven as well as here on earth! 
Leaf through your Bible and see that 
the most effective leaders were not 
ashamed to cry and shed tears for 
their people — Moses, Jeremiah, Paul, 
Timothy, and, yes, Jesus Himself. May 
God give us tears again and hearts 
broken over the lost of the world. 

In the Word there are many figures 
(continued on page 3) 

W.M.S. DIRECTORY — 1994 


President — Mrs. Shirley Black, 102 High 

St., Ashland, OH 44805. Phone: 419-289- 

Vice President — Mrs. Judy Tinkel, 308 S. 

Main St., Milford, IN 46542. Phone: 219- 

General Secretary — Mrs. Grace Grum- 
bling, 114 Cambridge Rd., Johnstown, PA 

15905. Phone: 814-255-3254 
Ass't. Secretary — Mrs. Trudy Kerner, 

1209 King Rd., Ashland, OH 44805. 

Phone: 419-289-2833 
Financial Secretary — Mrs. Joanne Kroft, 

608 Twp. Rd. 1151, RD 5, Ashland, OH 

44805. Phone: 419-962-4679 
Treasurer — Mrs. JoAnn Seaman, 1314 

Davis Rd., Ashland, OH 44805. Phone: 

419- 281-0027 
Literature Secretary — - Mrs. Kathy Mack, 

121 E. Liberty St., Ashland, OH 44805. 

Phone: 419-281-3057 
Ass't. Literature Secretary — Mrs. Doris 

Shultz, 455 S. Countryside Dr., Ashland, 

OH 44805. Phone: 419-289-0202 
Editor of the Outlook Devotional Guide — 

Mrs. Jeanette Sullivan, P.O. Box 638, 

Milledgeville, IL 61051. Phone: 815-225- 

Editor of the Outlook Newsletter — Mrs. 

Joan Ronk, 1325 Coachman Ct., Ashland, 

OH 44805. Phone: 419-281-3050 
Subscription Secretary — Mrs. Ginny Hoyt, 

728 Davis St., Ashland, OH 44805. 

Phone: 419-281-5300 
Sewing and World Relief Coordinator — 

Mrs. Joan Merrill, 9300 S. St. Rt. 3, Mun- 

cie, IN 43702. Phone: 317-289-2384 



Acting President — Helen McConahay, 
2736 Bradenton Rd., Lot 18, Sarasota, FL 
33580. Phone: 813-351-1409. Summer ad- 
dress: 4718 Egypt Rd., Smithville, OH 
44677. Phone: 216-669-2944 


President — Susan Kidd, 975 Star Crest 

Dr., Harrisonburg, VA 22801. Phone: 703- 

Vice President — Mary Garver, 407 Main 

St., New Windsor, MD 21776 
Secretary-Treasurer — Virginia Hook, 3056 

Old Washington Rd., Westminster, MD 



President — Jane Yoder, P.O. Box 44, Mt. 

View Rd., Jones Mills, PA 15646. Phone: 

Vice President — Sheila Nemeth, Box 

324B, Acme, PA 15610 
Secretary-Treasurer — Joy Zook, 179 Bond 

St., Johnstown, PA 15902 
Ass't. Secretary-Treasurer — Marsha 

Nulph, 361 Stoneyhollow Rd., Cabot, PA 



President — Patti Bub, 832 S. Maple St., 

Eaton, OH 45320. Phone: 513-456-4717 
Vice President — Lois Barnhart, 123 Paula 

Dr., Germantown, OH 45327 
Secretary-Treasurer — DeAnn Oburn, 409 

Luther St., Ashland, OH 44805 
Ass't. Secretary-Treasurer — Joanne Kroft, 

608 Twp. Rd., 1151 Rt. 5, Ashland, OH 



President — Susie Stout, 502 U. S. Bus. 31 
S., Peru, IN 46970. Phone: 317-473- 3455 

Vice President — Wanda Armentrout, 8 
Jade Rd., Huntington, IN 46750 

* From last year's Directory; no new information. 

Secretary-Treasurer — Beverly Baker 

1127 Bryon Dr., South Bend, IN 46614 
Ass't. Secretary-Treasurer — Cindi Stout 

Rt. 1, Box 215, Frankfort, IN 46041 
Financial Secretary — Charlene Rowser 

64905 Mcintosh Lane, Goshen, IN 46526 
Ass't. Financial Secretary — Matilda Stout 

Rt. 2, Box 10, Peru, IN 46970 


President — Melva Staples, Rt. 1, Box 46 

Chadwick, IL 61014. Phone: 815-684 

Vice President — Anita Hollewell, Rt. 2 

Box 11, Lanark, IL 61046 
Secretary-Treasurer — Gini Hutchison, Rt 

1, Box 145, Milledgeville, IL 61051 


President — Carolyn Tucker, 1500 Commu 

nity, Derby, KS 67037. Phone: 316-777 

Vice President — Marie Rauber, 2307 S 

Broadview, Wichita, KS 67218 
Secretary — Pam DePriest, 1157 N 

Lakeview Dr., Derby, KS 67037 
Treasurer — Marilyn Minor, Rt. 3, Box 440 

Ft. Scott, KS 66701 


President — Marie Fanning, 5772 E 

Seneca St., Tucson, AZ 85712. Phone 

Vice President — Georgia Stuber, 16103 N. 

Avenida Del Oro, Tucson, AZ 85737 
Secretary-Treasurer — Ina Williams, 4529 

E. Blanton Rd., Tucson, AZ 85712 

Northern California 

Acting President — None at this time. 


Names and Addresses of 
W.M.S. Presidents 

Florida District 

Sarasota Day — June Shaw, 625 Caruso 

PL, Sarasota, FL 34237 
Sarasota Evening — Betty Renneker, 2412 

Colgate Ave., Bradenton, FL 34207 

Southeastern District 

Bethlehem Mary and Martha — Susan 

Kidd, 975 Star Crest Dr., Harrisonburg, 

VA 22801 
Bethlehem Senior — Mae Wenger, Rt. 1, 

Box 205, Linville, VA 22834 
Cumberland — Vergie E. Greenawalt, 917 

Maryland Ave., Cumberland, MD 21502 
Hagerstown — Ruth Stoddard, 12921 Ca- 
thedral Ave., Hagerstown, MD 21742 
Linwood — Virginia M. Hook, 3046 Old 

Washington Rd., Westminster, MD 21157 
Maurertown — Elsie Mogle, Rt. 1, Box 

199E, Woodstock, VA 22664 
Mt. Olive — Mabel Barley, Rt. 1, Box 285, 

Port Republic, VA 24471 
Oak Hill — 'Amy L. Crouch, 140 Virginia 

St., Oak Hill, WV 25901 
St. James — Myra Poffenberger, 17815 

Gardenview Rd., Hagerstown, MD 21740 
St. Luke — Betty Cook, Rt. 2, Box 207, 

Woodstock, VA 22664 
Washington, DC — Helen B. Cooksey, 1111 

Clark Ave., Waldorf, MD 20602 

Pennsylvania District 

Berlin — Edith Hoffman, Rt. 1, Berlin, PA 

Brush Valley — Sandy Brown, Rt. 1, 

Adrian, PA 16210 
Cameron — *Dordi John, Rt. 3, Box 265, 

Cameron, WV 26033 
Fairless Hills — Alice Zimmerman, 171 S. 

Myrtlewood Ave., Langhorne, PA 19047 

Highland — Marilyn Reynard, Rt. 1, Mari- 

anna, PA 15345 
Johnstown Second — Joy Zook, 179 Bond 

St., Johnstown, PA 15902 
Johnstown Third — Ruth Schellhammer, 

371 Beatrice Ave., Johnstown, PA 15906 
Main Street — Helen Courtney, 336 North 

St., Meyersdale, PA 15552 
Masontown — *Willa Balaban, P. O. Box 

107, Masontown, PA 15461 
Mt. Olivet — Madlyn Davis, Rt. 1, Box 249, 

Georgetown, DE 19947 
Pleasant View — Nancy McGraw, 1491 

Hancock Ave., Apollo, PA 15613-8407 
Raystown — Bonita Chamberlain, RD, Sax- 
ton, PA 16678 
Sarver — Marsha Nulph, 361 Stoneyhollow 

Rd., Cabot, PA 16023 
Sergeantsville — *Doris Culberson, P.O. 

Box 67, Sergeantsville, NJ 08557 
Valley — Jane Yoder, P. O. Box 44, Mt. 

View Rd., Jones Mills, PA 15646 
Vinco — Brenna Mackall, Rt. 1, Box 284, 

Mineral Point, PA 15942 
Whitedale — Rita Varner, P. O. Box 414, 

Kingwood, WV 26537 

Ohio District 

Columbus — "Patricia Morris, 4915 

Botsford Dr., Columbus, OH 43232 
Fremont — *Ruth E. Ross, 2304 Cy. Rd. 

241, Fremont, OH 43420 
Garber — Donna Stoffer, 1509 Olde Post 

Rd., Ashland, OH 44805 
Gratis — Ruth Focht, 8947 S. Preble 

County Line Rd., Germantown, OH 45327 
Gretna Gleaners — 'Nettie Hudson, 4653 

Cy. Rd. 11, Bellefontaine, OH 43311 
Gretna Lamplighters — Becky Losey, 3445 

Rd. 200 West, Bellefontaine, OH 43311 
Hillcrest — Marijane Stanley, 923 Brittany 

Hills Dr., Dayton, OH 45459-1520 
Brethren Bible — 'Karen Moran, 7852 

Georgetown Rd., Louisville, OH 44641 
Newark — Peggy Cole, 40 N. 26th St., New- 
ark, OH 43055 
New Lebanon Afternoon — Jane Metzger, 1 

Lawson Ave., New Lebanon, OH 45345 
New Lebanon Evening — Lori Metivier, 

152 N. Diamond Mill Rd., New Lebanon, 

OH 45345 
North Georgetown — Evelyn Romigh, 

26009 Georgetown Rd., Homeworth, OH 

North Georgetown Evening — Wanda Pow- 
ell, 2090 Tanglewood Ave., Alliance, OH 

Park St. Faith — Pauline Benshoff, 1317 

Lake Dr.; Ashland, OH 44805 
Park St. Hope — Shirley Black, 102 High 

St., Ashland, OH 44805 
Park St. Joy — Janet Rufener, 128 Lilac 

Lane, Ashland, OH 44805 
Smithville — Karen Troyer, 456 W. Main 

St., Smithville, OH 44677 
Trinity Jr. — Sharon L. Difo, 633 Buckwal- 

ter Ave., Massillon, OH 44646 
Trinity Sr. — Donna Barnes, 3204 Cleve- 
land Ave., S., Canton, OH 44707 
West Alexandria I — Marilyn Ward, 2356 

New Market Banta Rd., West Alexandria, 

OH 45381 
West Alexandria II — Patricia Bub, 832 S. 

Maple St., Eaton, OH 45320 
Williamstown — Barbara Main, 6781 St. 

Rt. 12 W, Findlay, OH 45840 
Walcrest — 'Diane Brown, 345 Marcus 

Place, Rt. 12, Mansfield, OH 44903 

Indiana District 

Ardmore I — 'Estella Hutchison, 35396 N. 
Lexington, South Bend, IN 46628 

Ardmore II — Bertha Wyatt, 55349 Wood- 
land Ave., South Bend, IN 46628 

Woman's Outlook Newsletter 

Brighton Chapel I, Day — Leona Long, 

5455 N. 610 E., Howe, IN 46746 
Bryan — Anna M. Moog, 620 S. Walnut St., 

Bryan, OH 43506 
Bryan Susanna — Lori Fisher, 409 Oxford 

Dr., Bryan, OH 43506 
Burlington — Cindi Stout, Rt. 1, Box 215, 

Frankfort, IN 46041 
College Corner — Tamie White, 2817 W. 

850 S, Wabash, IN 46992 
Corinth — Lois Thomson, Rt. 5, Box 229B, 

Logansport, IN 46947 
County Line — Dianna Phillips, 12823 

Walnut Hill Dr., Lakeville, IN 46536 
Dutchtown — Waneta Tusing, 4538 N. 375 

R., Warsaw, IN 46580 
Flora — Co-Presidents: Rose Pullen, Rt. 1, 

Flora, IN 46929; Kathleen Brummett, Rt. 

4, Delphi, IN 46923 
Goshen — Co-Presidents: Eloise Fields, 

1319 E. Reynolds St., Goshen, IN 46526 
Patricia Wagoman, 1502 S. 14th St., 

Goshen, IN 46526 
Huntington — Carol Tucker, 1610 Green 

Acre Dr., Huntington, IN 46750 
Loree I — Doris Deisch, Rt. 1, Box 89, Peru, 

IN 46970 
Loree II, Charity — *Marcia Payne, Rt. 5, 

Box 15A, Peru, IN 46970 
Meadow Crest — Corine Austin, 8840 St. 

Joe Rd., Fort Wayne, IN 46835 
Mexico — Jennifer Keyes, Box 56, Mexico, 

IN 46980 
Milford — Deanna Ladd, 862 N. Timberline 

Circle E., Warsaw, IN 46580 
Nappanee — Bonnie Hertsler, 652 Miami 

Dr., Nappanee, IN 46550 
New Paris — Norma Weaver, 20053 Regina 

Rd., New Paris, IN 46553 
North Manchester Hadassah — Helen Con- 
rad, 504 Hawthorne Tr., North Manches- 
ter, IN 46962 
North Manchester Joy — Linda Immel, 401 

E. Third St., North Manchester, IN 46962 
Oakville I — Wilma L. Swain, 4006 Larry 

Lane, Muncie, IN 47302 
Oakville II — Julia Lee, P. O. Box 23, 

Oakville, IN 46737 
Peru — Rosalyn Roller, 470 W. 14th, Peru, 

IN 46970 
Roann — Sandra Medsger, P. O Box 246, 

Roann, IN 46974 
Roanoke — Sharon Williams, Box 33, 

Roanoke, IN 46783 
South Bend — Eleanor Porte, 540 E. Oak- 
side South, South Bend, IN 46614 
Tiosa — Carol Scott, 4137 E. 550 N., Roch- 
ester, IN 46975 
Wabash — Nov. to April: Nancy Snyder, 

518 Gillin Ave. Wabash, IN 46992; May 

to November: Phyllis Meyer, 5866 W. 200 

S., Lot 30, Wabash, IN 46992 
Warsaw — Donnis Miller, 3617 E. 100 N., 

Warsaw, IN 46580 

Central District 

Cerro Gordo — Elaine Dresbach, P.O. Box 

254, La Place, IL 61936 
Lanark Neoma — Mrs. Miles Miller, Rt. 2, 

Box 210, Lanark, IL 61046 
Lanark Friendship — Joyce Michael, Rt. 1, 

Box 204, Lanark, IL 61046 
Milledgeville Beacons — Dorothy Ruth Glenn, 

P. O. Box 385, Milledgeville, IL 61051 
Milledgeville Priscilla — Melva Staples, Rt. 

1, Box 46, Chadwick, IL 61014 
Hammond Ave. — Carolyn Waters, 303 

Meadowbrook Lane, Waterloo, IA 50701 

Midwest District 

Cheyenne I Day — Avis Mosher, P. O. Box 

5367, Cheyenne, WY 82003 
Cheyenne II Evening — * Susan Hurd, 4008 

E. 13th St., Cheyenne, WY 82001 
Derby Dorcas — * Marie Rauber, 2307 S. 

Broadview, Wichita, KS 67218 
Falls City — Audrey Bennett, 2010 Fair 

Ave., Falls City, NE 68355 

January-February 1994 

Fort Scott — 

Mulvane I — Thelma Adams, Rt. 2, Box 

162, Udall, KS 67146 
Mulvane Ruth II — Thelma Adams, Rt. 2, 

Box 162, Udall, KS 67146 

Southwest District 

Tucson Power — Georgia Stuber, 16103 N. 

Avenida Del Oro, Tucson, AZ 85737 
Tucson Eve — Iris McKinney, 6717 Calle 

Mercurio, Tucson, AZ 85710 
Tucson Faith, Hope, Charity — Freda 

Lawson, 3328 N. Richey Blvd., Tucson, 

AZ 85716 

Northern California District 

Contact — Jo Sperry, 3431 Cherryland 
Ave., SP. 4, Stockton, CA 95215 

The Song of the Witness (cont. from p. 1) 

of speech for the Bible itself. It is com- 
pared to a sword, a song, a statute, but 
in this Psalm it is compared to a seed 
and it is the treasure we bear. We have 
to sow the seed for a spiritual harvest. 
There is no other way. We may try to 
substitute all kinds of things for the 
Word of God, but it won't work. We 
can't plant jelly beans and expect to 
reap corn. Neither can we rely on psy- 
chology, philosophy, rationalism, and 
entertainment to reap souls. They just 
don't work — it takes the seed, the 
Word of God — to reach lost souls. 

What happens when we sow the 
seed of the Word with tears? We have 
a promise of a harvest. "He who goes 
out weeping, carrying seed to sow, will 
return with songs of joy." What a tri- 
umph! What a thrill! God never prom- 
ised that you would win everyone you 
witness to; He just said to do it! Re- 
member Noah preached for 120 years, 
but the only ones he got into his ark 
were his family. 

Our verses tell us we will be bring- 
ing trophies with us — "carrying sheaves 
with him." In biblical times, when har- 
vest time came, the grain was cut, tied 
in bundles, and laid in the path to be 
carried to the threshing floor. Today, 
we are wrapping souls with the cords 
of God's grace and laying them along 
the path to Glory, awaiting the Lord of 
the harvest to carry them to the 
threshing floor of Glory. 

Can we think in closing about a 
modern-day harvest? 

Excitement swells in the brisk 
autumn air in northern Indiana. It is 
harvest time. Out-of-state drivers pull 
over to admire the rolling fields filled 
with hay bales as big as cars. The new- 
mown hay perfumes the air with fra- 
grances of clover and grass. In one 
field a big combine spews out golden 
grain into a truck. Across the road, an 
Amish farmer in his straw hat pa- 
tiently rides his harvester pulled by 
horses. Both are achieving the same 
goal, but in different manners. A 
(continued on page 4) 


From Joan, the Sewing and World 
Relief Coordinator: Many of you have 
sent quilt squares since we quilted at 
the 1992 National Conference. If you 
haven't and would like to send some, 
or if you already have and would like 
to make more, here are the quilt 
square guidelines; 

• Please make the squares at least 
8V2" square. 

• The design should be less than 8" 
and centered on the square. 

• All-cotton fabric is preferable. 

• No liquid embroidery or fabric 
paints, please. The quality of the 
quilted items is enhanced by the 
needlework — embroidery, applique, 
cross stitch, etc. 

• Please send all squares to me by 
April 30, 1994. 

If you have any ideas or suggestions 
for the quilt squares, please let me 
know. Hopefully, we will have enough 
to make a quilt for 1994's conference. 
God bless you, 

Joan Merrill (317-289-2384) 
9300 S. St. Rt. 3 
Muncie, IN 47302 


From JoAnn, treasurer: 

Do you have questions about the Na- 
tional WMS's finances and policies? 
Would you like to learn the details and 
the histories behind the numbers? 

The national board is preparing a 
paper that examines the specifics of 
WMS finances. You may request your 
copy directly from me. We also wel- 
come additional questions for the pub- 

JoAnn Seaman (419-281-0027) 
1314 Davis Road 
Ashland, Ohio 44805 


Published bimonthly in January, March, 
May, July, September, and November 
by the Woman's Missionary Society of 
The Brethren Church. 

Mrs. Dorman Ronk, Editor 
1325 Coachman Court 
Ashland, Ohio 44805 

Subscription price, $7.50 per year in 

Send all subscriptions to Mrs. Robert 
Kroft, 608 Twp. Road 1151, RD 5, Ash- 
land, OH 44805 

district Doings 

Susan Kidd, Southeastern District 
President, wrote about their SE con- 
ference in September at the Water- 
brook Church in Edinburg, Virginia. 
The beautiful countryside in the moun- 
tains prepared the delegates for a joy- 
ful day. Susan gave the devotions from 
Colossians and Deanna Benshoff led 
the ladies in singing the theme song 
for this year, "Living for Jesus." 

During the business, Susan reviewed 
the many activities of the societies. 
What a variety! The goals for the year 
were discussed, with special emphasis 
on the monthly missionary emphasis 
for the entire church and the national 
project — an offering for the Malay- 
sian endowment fund. 

Jim Sluss, the pastor at the Krypton 
Brethren Church in Kentucky, re- 
ported on the renovation and growth 
in the church and the community. The 
district offering was received in sup- 
port of the Krypton Church. 

The Ohio Women's Retreat was Oc- 
tober 1-2 at Camp Bethany, DeAnn 
Oburn wrote. God's creation was in- 
spiring and so were the two special 
speakers. Enid Schrader, from Dayton 
Hillcrest, showed slides and described 
her two years in Israel, working as a 
housemother to disabled Arab children 
and adults. 

Sherry Spenser, a pastor's wife, a 
mother, and homemaker, used the 
topic, "He Knows Your Name," based 
on Psalm 23. She presented Christ as 
the Good Shepherd who, indeed, 
knows His sheep by name. And women 
in the Scriptures were found whom 
God used in fulfilling His purposes. 
The Good Shepherd knows us by our 
names and for our own selves — not in 
comparison to anyone else. We, too, 
can be used by Him in the fulfilling of 
His purposes. In this age of "finding 
ourselves" and the importance placed 
on self-esteem, we were encouraged to 
find our unique identity in Christ — not 
in our homes, spouse, children, or 
work. Our self-esteem must be found 
in Christ and in His love for us, as 

Catherine Lewis sent the report of 
the fall rally, which was hosted by the 
Tiosa society in Indiana. Organ and pi- 
ano duets were played by Norita Kuhn 
and Dorcas Van Duyne; Carol Scott 
presided, and Leona Hawk welcomed 
the 85 ladies present. The speaker was 
Shirley Junge of Plymouth; she has 
been blind since she was 9 years old. 
Shirley explained her life habits and 
showed games, books printed in Braille, 
and talking devices which assist her. 

The Peru ladies had charge of the 

memorial service and the Flora ladies 
received an offering of $540 for ATS. 

Susie Stout, the Indiana district 
president, reported on the rally at 
Dutchtown. Fran Dickinson, who is 
with the Rescue Mission in Fort 
Wayne, was the morning speaker and 
used the theme "Messiah of Promises." 

Special music by a mixed quartet 
was part of the afternoon's program 
and a skit, entitled "Memories of Prom- 
ises," was given by the M.O.P. sisters, 
a group from Dutchtown. This was 
about sharing God's promises. The of- 
fering totaled $567 for the seminary. 

Pat Lusch wrote about the rally at 
Huntington. Marjorie Teusch gave the 
welcome, and Phyllis Mayer gave the 
devotions, based on Hebrews 10:23 
and Psalm 25:4. Special music was 
presented by Sarah Hodson and her 
daughter, Cindy. 

Roxie Stahl was the speaker, wear- 
ing her "robe of unbelief" and carrying 
weights she called the "weights of sin" 
that keep us from running the race 
with Christ. As she named many of 
our hidden sins, she laid each one at 
the altar. She illustrated her talk with 
a chalk drawing, depicting a lady, 
"Faith," overcoming the mountains of 
sin in her life. 

Their attendance was 46 and an of- 
fering of $453 was received for ATS. 

The Song of the Witness (from p. 3) 
driver gets out of his car and points his 
camera, probably at the Amish farmer 
and his picturesque machinery. 

One by one trucks and wagons rum- 
ble their way down country lanes to 
market. Forgotten are the endless 
days of sowing, cultivating, fighting 
bugs and weeds, patching harness, or 
repairing machinery. Today there is 
joy. Preparation and labor, sowing and 
cultivating do not go on forever. The 
joy of harvest will come, and so will 
the day of harvest of souls. 

Two hundred years ago, Johann W. 
von Goethe wrote: 

We must not hope to be mowers, 
And to father the ripe gold ears, 
Unless we have first been sowers 
And watered the furrows with tears. 
It is not just as we take it, 
This mystical world of ours, 
Life's field will yield as we make it 
A harvest of thorns or of flowers. 

The President's Pen (cont. from p. 1) 
duce the younger girls to WMS. Is your 
group doing anything like that? Write 
me and let me know what different 
things you are doing to introduce the 
women of your church to the WMS. 

May the New Year bring you many 
rich blessings. 

In Christian love, Shirley Black 

Tlw'Bkror's Biduy 

Dear Friend, 

So much activity is reported in this 
newsletter! If you are besieged by dis- 
mal weather and the post-holiday let 
down, read the devotions and reports 
again. Then pray for the societies and 
names mentioned, pray for the officers 
of the WMS organization, remember 
the missionaries, your local church 
pastor and members, your society's of- 
ficers and members, your loved ones, 
and yourself. Then, if you are still de- 
pressed, telephone, write, read a book, 
go for a walk, visit someone. You have 
many reasons for shaking off the dol- 

Remember your Christmas wish 
that the joys of Christmas may con- 
tinue all year? Don't be the one to 
break that wish. Furthermore, being 
happy is good for your health. Helen 
Steiner Rice wrote, 'The most enthusi- 
astic givers in life are the real lovers of 
life. They experience the soul-joy that 
comes from responding with the heart 
rather than the head." Consider that 
on a peaceful and cloudy day in the 

If you need fun things for Valen- 
tine's Day, sing these: 

"Love, Love, Love" to the tune of 

'Three Blind Mice" 
Love, love, love; love, love, love; 
See how it grows, see how it grows. 
I love my friends and they love me, 
We love others and then, you see, 
There's more than enough for a big 

family — 
Love, love, love; love, love, love. 

"Here's a Valentine Just for You" 

("Frere Jacques" tune) 
Here's a valentine, here's a 

Just for you, just for you. 
It has hearts and roses, 
It has hearts and roses, 
Kisses, too; kisses, too. 

"Valentines I've Made for You" 
("Twinkle, Twinkle" tune) 
Valentines I've made for you, 
Some with hearts and flowers too. 
All of them bring love from me, 
Each one's special, you will see. 
If you promise to be mine, 
I'll give you my valentines. 

"Holiday Piggybank Songs" compiled 
by Jean Warren 

Your friend, 

VI Joan 


Woman's Outlook Newsletter 

Ashland Theological Seminary 

Ashland Theological Seminary: 

Building Bridges 

affords one the opportunity to 
have one foot in a rural setting 
and one foot in a greater metro- 
politan area like Cleveland or 
Columbus. On the one hand, our 
rural setting allows us to view 
the rich heritage of open farm 
land, quiet meadows, flowing 
steams, and an occasional Amish 
buggy, with its passengers linked 
to days gone by. On the other 
hand, Cleveland and Columbus 
show signs of vitality and growth. 
New high-rise buildings continue 
to change the skylines, and crea- 
tive architecture reveals the inno- 
vations of the human mind. 

Challenges to be met 

To be sure, there are challenges 
associated with living here. One 
must be careful not to let the 
lights of the city blind the eye to 
the richness of tradition, heri- 
tage, and faith. Nor must one 
hold so tightly to the past that 
one cannot move forward into the 

Dr. Fred Finks is President 
of Ashland Theological Seminary. 

By Dr. Frederick J. Finks 

There are only a few covered 
bridges left in Ohio. Most have 
fallen down or been replaced. 
Cleveland recently completed a 
new bridge, years in the building, 
that links the city to its suburbs. 
How out of place that bridge 
would look in rural Ohio. And, 
likewise, how out of place a cov- 
ered bridge would look in Cleve- 
land's downtown. 

Ashland Theological Seminary 
is faced with the challenge of pre- 
paring Christian leaders to func- 
tion in all kinds of settings, both 
rural and metropolitan. But our 
task really goes beyond that. It in- 
corporates diversities in cultures, 
races, sexes, denominations, doc- 
trines, and styles of worship, to 
mention a few. 

Seventeen international stu- 
dents from nine countries enrich 
our community life and challenge 
our faith. From this interaction 
our sense of the church is en- 
larged and our spirits are lifted. 
We learn of persecution and fam- 
ine, droughts and earthquakes, 
poverty and despair; and yet the 
church grows, and lives are being 

Learning from one another 

From our brothers and sisters 
from African, Hispanic, and 
Asian communities, we learn of 
struggles for freedom and equal- 
ity. Yet the richness of worship, 
praise, and prayer strengthens 
the spirit, and the church grows. 

From the more than sixty de- 
nominations represented on our 
campus we learn of diversity. Yet 
here, diversity is not something 
that separates. Instead, it blends 
us into a community of love and 
acceptance. What could be a seed- 
bed for turmoil is instead a gar- 
den of opportunity. 

Styles of worship vary greatly, 
from quiet, reflective thought, 
producing an encounter with God, 
on the one hand, to songs of praise 
sung with hands held high in un- 
abashed praise to God, on the 
other. Yet here there are har- 
mony and acceptance. Trust is at 
the very core of our community. 

A desire to bridge gaps 

As I think about the ministry of 
ATS, I view it more and more as 
building, bridges. Absent is the 
desire to bring about change in 
order to make all the same. In its 
place is the desire to bridge the 
gaps between different communi- 
ties in order to learn from one an- 
other and to enjoy the richness of 
our differences. 

A tradition that has taken root 
in our Christmas chapel service 
at the seminary is the singing of 
Silent Night in all the various 
languages of our students. Tears 
of joy often stream down the faces 
of the entire assembly as we real- 
ize that this is representative of 
the church as it should be — all 
peoples, all languages joined in 
the harmony of Christ. [ft] 

January 1994 


Ashland Theological Seminary 

Building Bridges 


graduate of ATS. At the age 
of 66, he felt the call of God to 
return to Romania to train others 
for Christian ministry. Sensing a 
need for additional teachers and 
the need to train others to take 
his place, Mihaly contacted the 
seminary and asked for scholar- 

ships for two Romanian students. 
Anna Maria and Gyongyi (Pearl) 
arrived from Romania in the fall 
of 1993. They are enrolled in the 
pastoral counseling program (there 
are no Christian counseling pro- 
grams available in Romania) and 
plan to return to Romania to train 

Anna Maria and Gyongyi 


FOR THE LAST 70 years the 
USSR held to the party line 
that God does not exist and that 
Christianity is only for the old 
and the weak. With the demise of 
Communism and the dismantling 
of the Soviet Union, the church in 
Russia has experienced a resur- 
gence. As the Berlin Wall came 
down, churches resurfaced and 
the hunger for God and Christian 
literature became ravenous. 

The faculty of Ashland Theolog- 
ical Seminary began seeking ways 
in which the seminary might par- 
ticipate in training and equipping 
leaders for Russia. The first op- 
portunity was an application from 
a Russian student who desired to 
attend ATS. Anton Solodukhov 
enrolled at ATS in the fall of 1992 
and has completed his first year 
of studies. His desire to learn is 
infectious. Students and faculty 
alike are drawn to Anton. His goal 
is to return to Russia and teach 
and train others for Christian 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Ashland Theological Seminary 

To The World 


NING-HUA WANG arrived in 
the United States as part of 
a student exchange program with 
the Church of the Brethren. She 
attended some classes at Man- 
chester College, although she al- 
ready had her undergraduate 
degree in China. With one year 
remaining on her visa, Ning-hua 
expressed interest in some 
courses in religion on the gradu- 
ate level. Her sponsor contacted 
the seminary, and Ning-hua en- 
rolled at ATS in the summer of 
1993. She will squeeze her two- 
year master's degree program into 
15 months, and before returning 
to mainland China will receive her 
Master of Arts degree. 

Ning-hua Wang 


and Vicky 
Wakawa and 
their children 
arrived from 
Nigeria through 
a sponsor from 
Korea. Their 
journey has not 
been an easy 
one, but God 
has remained 
faithful. This 
spring both 
Manassah and 
Vicky should 
complete their 
master's de- 
grees and re- 
turn to Nigeria. 
worked with 
Mark Teal a Manassah and Vicky Wakawa 

Brethren ATS student from the Bibles and other Christian litera- 
Oakville, Ind., First Brethren ture for training and equipping 
Church, to secure hundreds of Nigerian leaders. 


about Ashland through a 
friend. He had come to America 
to receive his undergraduate edu- 
cation at Transylvania Bible Col- 
lege. Having finished his under- 
graduate work, his desire was to 
complete his seminary training 
before returning to India. Spon- 
sor's funding had been fulfilled, 
and Sonny was unable to move to 
Ashland. But through a coopera- 
tive arrangement between Ash- 
land and Transylvania, Sonny 
remained in Pennsylvania and 
commutes to Ashland each week. 
The drive is long, but Sonny's de- 
termination is stronger. 


DOORS have been flung open 
wide as pastors from Korea 
have enrolled in the seminary's 
Doctor of Ministry program. Cur- 
rently 24 Korean pastors are tak- 
ing classes, and 45 more are 
expected to enroll for the fall of 
1994. These are leading pastors 
in Korea who have a strong com- 
mitment to evangelism and 
prayer. The future appears bright 
for continued growth and out- 
reach, [ft] 

January 1994 


Ashland Theological Seminary 

Building Bridges to 
the Churches 

of ATS includes the following 
commitment: "Ashland Theologi- 
cal Seminary exists to equip com- 
mitted Christians for leadership 
in ministries of the pastorate. 
Ashland Theological Seminary in- 
tends its graduates to be servant- 
leaders in the ministries to which 
they are called in the Church and 
in the World." 

The church is at the very heart 
of the curriculum of Ashland 
Theological Seminary. Theologi- 
cal education has changed dra- 
matically during the past decade. 
There has been an explosion of 
specialized courses and programs 
such as counseling, spiritual for- 
mation, missions, education, pas- 
toral care, etc. Yet pastoral 
ministry and the training of men 
and women for service within the 
church continues to be the main 
emphasis of Ashland Theological 

A mutual relationship 

A strong relationship must exist 
between the church and the sem- 
inary. The church needs to en- 
courage, support, and provide 
input to the seminary. The sem- 
inary, in turn, must provide the 
kind of leadership the church 
needs and expects. Neither the 
church nor the seminary can live 
in a vacuum. Both are dependent 
upon one another and provide 
support for ministry. 

Thirty Brethren students cur- 
rently attend Ashland Seminary. 
This is one of the largest num- 

bers in recent years. The re- 
quested Fair Share support from 
churches for the seminary is 
$12.00 per Church Growth Index 
point.* It is important that every 
church do its fair share. The fu- 
ture of the church depends on it. 
The seminary continues to pro- 
vide leadership resources to the 
church by way of seminars, con- 
tinuing education, committees, 
and by providing a vision for the 
future. Together, the church and 
the seminary are strengthened in 
their outlook and mission. To- 
gether we face the future. [D 1 ] 

'Church Growth Index is the sum of 
membership, average morning worship at- 
tendance, and average Sunday school at- 
tendance divided by three. 

Kokomo Brethren Church 
Establishes Scholarship 

The First Brethren Church 
of Kokomo, Indiana, was 
founded in 1960 under the aus- 
pices of the Indiana District 
Mission Board. The first pastor 
of the congregation was Rev. 
Austin Gable. 

Early this year, this congre- 
gation decided to close its 
doors to ministry in its com- 
munity. Yet in one way its min- 
istry will continue. Through a 
gift to the seminary of $50,000 
the Kokomo Church has estab- 
lished The Kokomo Brethren 
Church Endowed Scholarship 

By the establishment of this 
scholarship, the Kokomo First 
Brethren Church will in effect 
continue its ministry through 
the training of men and women 
for Brethren ministry. 


The Brethren Evangelist 



Brethren Care Completes Construction 
Of New Ninety-One Bed Nursing Facility 

Ashland, Ohio — For residents of 
Brethren Care nursing facility in Ash- 
land, Thursday, December 2, was mov- 
ing day, as they made the short trip up 
a slight rise to Brethren Care Village, 
their new home. 

Construction of the 91 -bed facility be- 
gan two years ago and was recently com- 
pleted at a cost of $3.7 million. The 
38,000-square-foot facility has the same 
number of beds as the former building 
(a state moratorium prevented adding 
more beds), but it is 11,000 square feet 
larger. The rooms of the residents are 

bigger, as are the administrative areas. 
All work stations have also seen an 
increase in size, particularly the nurs- 
ing stations, which had become over- 
crowded with the additional staff re- 
quired to continue meeting proper care 
requirements. The physical therapy, 
dining, lounge, and activity areas have 
also been expanded and improved. 

The new facility has two L-shaped 
units that are joined together by an 
administrative core, in which the ad- 
ministrative offices and support serv- 
ices are located. The building features 

large windows that provide a lot of natu- 
ral light. Interior lighting has been sof- 
tened, since harsh light is often uncom- 
fortable to the aging eye. Floor and wall 
coverings are soothing and pretty. 
Rooms of residents are also furnished 
with new furniture. 

Dedication of the new facility and an 
open house are scheduled for January 
16. According to Darrel Barnes, admin- 
istrator at Brethren Care, this will 
bring to completion phase one of a three- 
phase development project at Brethren 
Care Village. 

Phase two calls for the renovation of 
the old nursing home into 40 assisted- 
living apartments. These will be for sen- 
iors who do not require 24-hour nursing 
care but who need assistance with some 
activities of daily life, such as cooking 
meals, bathing, dressing, or taking medi- 
cation. It is hoped that work on phase 
two can begin this spring and be com- 
pleted in 10 to 12 months. 

Phase three will then follow, which is 
the construction of apartments for inde- 
pendent and retired living. 

Brethren Care, Inc., was begun in 1970 
at the impetus of the former Benevolent 
Board of the Brethren Church. The fa- 
cility has no official affiliation with the 
Brethren denomination but is overseen 
by a local board of directors, most or all 
of whom are Brethren. 

Commitment to Stay in Community Results in 
$100,000 Renovation at Hagerstown Church 

Hagerstown, Md. — As 1993 dawned, 
the Brethren in Hagerstown faced a 
critical juncture in the life of their 
church — whether to spend a great deal 
of money on their present church build- 
ings and stay in the community or to 
relocate to another place of ministry. 

The church considered its options and 
concluded that God had called it to min- 
ister to the inner city community in 
which it was located. Having made this 
commitment to stay in the community, 
the congregation realized that it needed 
to do a number of things to make its 
facilities more attractive to others and 
more useful for ministry. 

Experts were consulted and plans for 
refurbishing the building were drawn. 
Then followed a summer-long experi- 
ence of worshiping in the fellowship hall 
amid dust and aromas of paint and clean- 
ser as work was done on the building. 

The sanctuary ceiling and walls were 
extensively repaired and the room was 
completely repainted and re-carpeted in 
an aqua scheme. The pastor's study and 

January 1994 

the secretary's office were also remod- 
eled, one Sunday school room and a long 
hall were carpeted, and an awkward 
and dangerous step was removed. 

On the outside of the building, the 
brickwork was cleaned, pointed, and 
totally weatherproofed; the trim was 
painted; and repairs were made to some 
of the stained glass windows, to the roof, 
and to the downspouts. 

Exterior painting and minor repairs 
to the parsonage completed the project. 
Total cost of the renovation work was 
$100,000, which was fully paid by the 
time the project was finished. 

A dedication service for the remod- 
eled facilities was held October 10, dur- 
ing the church's annual Homecoming 

"We praise God for the resources to do 
this work," said Hagerstown Pastor 
Gerald Barr, "and for the attractive and 
inviting facility we now have for our 
own worship [services] and study, and 
for the newcomers we anticipate." 

— reported by Pastor Gerald A. Barr 

Dinner at Brighton Chapel 
Aids Midwest Flood Victims 

Howe, Ind. — The Brighton Chapel 
Brethren Church hosted a community 
chili/soup dinner on Saturday, Novem- 
ber 13, to benefit Midwest flood victims. 

Gallons of chili and vegetable soup, a 
"mountain" of corn bread, and scads of 
salads and homemade desserts were used 
to feed those who came for the dinner, 
with plenty of cider to wash it down. 

As they ate, they were also enter- 
tained. Members of the Brighton con- 
gregation played piano solos, put on 
skits, sang in a men's quartet, and even 
made music on a mountain dulcimer. 

More than $1,800 was received in 
donations, which was sent to a family 
in Missouri that is related to some 
Brighton Chapel members. Pictures 
sent by this family helped personalize 
the devastation caused by the flood. 

"The church worked hard to make 
this a good evening for the community," 
said Brighton Pastor George Youstra. 
"We thank the Lord for making it possi- 
ble for this act of Christian love." 

— reported by Pastor George T. Youstra 



Building Improvements are Dedicated 
During Thanksgiving Meal at Raystown 

Saxton, Pa. — A Thanksgiving meal 
held Saturday evening, November 13, 
by the Raystown Brethren Church was 
also the occasion for a dedication serv- 
ice for various improvements that have 
been made to the church facility. 

The evening's activities got under way 
with a turkey dinner served by the Rays- 
town Woman's Missionary Society. Ap- 
proximately 65 people attended the din- 
ner, including several former pastors. 
During the dinner one table was set 
aside for a display of photographs of the 
recent improvements and for scrapbooks 
of church events. Gifts were given to the 
oldest person seated at each table and 
to the Leonard Hopkins family, mis- 
sionaries in Mexico, for coming the far- 
thest for the event. 

Following the meal, the dedication 
service was held in the church sanctu- 
ary. Serving as master of ceremonies for 
this gathering were Alfred and Bonnie 
Chamberlain. Alfred is currently pas- 
toring the Raystown Church on a trial 
basis (his first pastorate), and his wife 
is president of the Woman's Missionary 
Society. Former pastors George Hop- 

kins, Rockne Shaal, Don Grace, William 
Weimert, Robert Norris, and H. Lloy 
Blattenberger shared remembrances and 
words of encour- 
agement and 

The members 
of the W.M.S. 
presented spe- 
cial music for 
the dedication 
service, singing 
"Let's Just 

Praise the Lord" 
and "Friends." 

Some of the 
made to the 
church facility 
during the last 
two years in- 
clude the follow- 
ing: a well was 
dug and a pump 
and storage 
tanks were in- 
stalled; a septic system 
phone lines and a new 

trance box and wiring were installed; 
the sanctuary was redecorated and the 
pulpit area remodeled; restrooms were 
put in the church building; a kitchen 
sink and cabinets were installed; a 
parking lot was constructed and paved; 
several trees and stumps were removed 
and shrubbery was planted around the 

Remodeled pulpit area of the Raystown Church building, with 
new drapes and matching altar railing cloth and kneeling pads. 

was installed; church building; the fence around the 
electrical en- church property was repaired by the 

The Raystown Church building before (I.) and after (r.), showing the new parking lot, shubbery, and other improvements. 

University Church is Growing 
On Ashland University Campus 

Ashland, Ohio — University Church, 
the Brethren congregation on the Ash- 
land University campus, recently cele- 
brated its second anniversary by grow- 
ing out of its original meeting place. 

Because the congregation has been 
steadily growing, the church moved out 
of the Center for Religious Life in the 
basement of Memorial Chapel and is 
now meeting in the upstairs sanctuary. 

On Parents' Weekend last fall, 198 peo- 
ple attended the Sunday morning serv- 
ice, and worship attendance is now 
averaging about 180. 

Dr. Mike Gleason, Director of Relig- 
ious Life at the university, said that 
when the congregation was started, they 
did not expect to move into the upstairs 
sanctuary for at least five years. 

According to Rev. Ken Cutrer, pastor 
of the church, about 75 percent of those 
who attend are university students, and 
most of the people who attend get in- 
volved in the work of the congregation. 

youth group. Most of the work was done 
on a volunteer basis by the members of 
the church, with Alfred Chamberlain 
doing much of the carpentry work, also 
on a volunteer basis. 

The Raystown Brethren express their 
thanks to those in the Pennsylvania dis- 
trict who helped make these improve- 
ments, especially the paving of the park- 
ing lot, possible: the Pennsylvania Dis- 
trict Mission Board, the Highland, Johns- 
town III, Masontown, Main Street (Mey- 
ersdale), and Mt. Pleasant Brethren 
Churches, and the Masontown W.M.S. 
— reported by Susan Weimert 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Little Crusdader 

Jesus said, "Let the children come to me, and do not hinder 
them; for to such belongs the kingdom of heaven (Matt. 19:14). 

Hi boys and girls, 

Do you have a favorite Bible story? I have many favorites, and I'd like to share one 
of them with you. 

There was once an awful king named Nebuchadnezzar who hated God and wanted 
everyone in his kingdom to worship a huge statue of gold that he had made. When the 
people heard the sound of lots of music, they were to fall down and worship this statue. 

In that country lived three men named Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego who 
loved God and who would not fall down and worship the king's statue. When the king 
heard this, he became very angry and told the three men that he would throw them into 
a fiery furnace if they would not do as he had commanded. 

Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego told the king, "If we are thrown into the blazing 
furnace, the God we serve is able to save us from it, and he will rescue us from your 
hand, O king. But even if he does not, we want you to know, O king, that we will not 
serve your gods or worship the image of gold you have set up" (Daniel 3:17-18). 

King Nebuchadnezzar was furious and ordered the furnace heated seven times 
hotter than usual. Then he had the three men who would not worship the gold statue 
thrown into the fiery furnace. But as the king looked into the furnace, he saw not three 
men, but four. He immediately had them brought out of the furnace. He discovered that 
none of their clothes were burnt and not even a hair on their heads was singed. 

When King Nebuchadnezzar saw this great miracle, he said that surely the God of 
Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego was the only true God and that everyone was to 
start worshiping Him. 

Answer the following questions. But watch out! 
Some of the answers might be tricky. 

1. Why do you think King Nebuchadnezzar hated God? 
Why did he change his mind? 

2. Who do you think the fourth person in the furnace was? 

3. What is a miracle? Have you every seen a miracle? 

4. Do you think more people would believe in God if they 
believed in miracles? 

January 1994 



Ashland Theological Seminary to Host 
Believers' Church Conference June 1-4 

Ashland, Ohio — Ashland Theological 
Seminary will host a Believers' Church 
Conference June 1-4 on the theme, 
'The Lord's Supper: Believers' Church 

Myron Augsburger, a well-known 
Mennonite speaker and writer, will pre- 
sent an address at the opening session 
of the conference, which will also in- 
clude special music by a Believers' 
Church Choir under the direction of 
ATS professor Ron Sprunger. 

Major study papers will be presented 
by Ben Witherington, ATS professor; 
Everett Ferguson, outstanding writer 

on the early-church period; William 
Estep, a Baptist writer on the Anabap- 
tist movement; Merle Strege, a Church 
of God (Anderson, Ind.) scholar; Don 
Durnbaugh, Church of the Brethren 
historian and editor of The Brethren En- 
cyclopedia; Robert Clouse, a Grace 
Brethren scholar; and Marlin Jeschke, 
a Mennonite scholar. 

Professor Jerry Flora will lead the 
daily devotions at the conference and 
other ATS professors will serve as con- 
veners for various sessions and partici- 
pate in other ways. Seminary President 
Frederick Finks will conduct the obser- 

vance of the Threefold Lord's Supper on 
Friday evening of the conference. 

While much of the leadership for the 
Believers' Church conferences comes from 
the various Brethren and Mennonite 
groups, an effort is made to include par- 
ticipation in the conferences by all Be- 
lievers' churches. This includes Baptists, 
Methodists, Pentecostals, Disciples, 
Nazarenes, and other denominations 
that practice baptism upon profession of 
faith (as distinct from infant baptism). 
More than 100 participants are ex- 
pected at the ATS conference in June. 

For more information about the con- 
ference or a brochure and registration 
form, contact Dr. Richard Allison, Ash- 
land Theological Seminary, 910 Center 
St., Ashland, OH 44805 (phone 419-289- 
5173; fax 419-289-5969). 

Five Deacon Couples 
Ordained at Nappanee 

Nappanee, Ind. — Five couples 
were ordained to the diaconate 
during the morning worship serv- 
ice on December 12 at the Nap- 
panee First Brethren Church. 

Ordained were Brien and Kathy 
Hall, Dan and Gail Hertsel, Jim and 
Benita Shaw, Dale and Deb Som- 
mers, Rod and Maribeth Stump. 

Rev. Kerry Scott, president of 
the Indiana District Ministry of 
Pastoral and Congregational 
Care, conducted the ordination 
service, assisted by Nappanee 
pastor Rev. Kenneth Hunn. 

— reported by Pastor Ken Hunn 

New deacon couples at the Nappanee First Brethren Church are (I. to r.) Rod and Meribeth 
Stump, Dale and Deb Sommers, Dan and Gail Hertsel, Brien and Kathy Hall, and Jim and 
Benita Shaw. 

Deacon, Deaconesses Ordained 
At Newark Brethren Church 

Newark, Ohio — Paul Harsh, Ellen 
Herron, and Elsie Roberts were or- 
dained deacon and deaconesses during 
the morning worship service on Sun- 
day, November 21, at the Newark 
Brethren Church. 

Rev. James F. Black, pastor of The 
Brethren Church in New Lebanon, Ohio, 
and a member of the Ohio District Board 
of Oversight, conducted the ordination 
service. Rev. Black showed hats of a 
fireman, policeman, football player, and 
cowboy to symbolize their professions. 
Then he placed a wash basin and towel 
on the floor in front of the altar to sym- 
bolize the servant ministry of Christ 
and that of deacons and deaconesses. 

Assisting Rev. Black during the lay- 
ing on of hands for the new deacon and 
deaconesses were Rev. Stephen Cole, 
pastor of the Newark Church, and Rev. 


M It *^ 

Mjffm - 

Posing following the ordination service are 
(front row, I. to r) Ellen Herron, Elsie Roberts, 
Paul Harsh, Grace Radcliff, (back row, I. to 
r.) Rev. Stephen Cole, Rev James F. Black, and 
Rev. Jerald Radcliff. 

Jerald Radcliff. Following the laying on 
of hands, Paul Harsh, choking back 
tears, sang "Now I Belong to Jesus." 

In addition to the three ordained on 
this occasion, Rev. Radcliff, a retired 

Brethren pastor, and his wife Grace 
were also recently added to the Deacon 
Board of the Newark Church. These five 
join Mable Wilkins, who served as the 
lone deaconess for a number of years. 
— reported by Pastor Stephen Cole 

Midwest District Men of Mission 

Meet for Inspiration, Fellowship 

Falls City, Nebr. — The Midwest Dis- 
trict Brethren Men of Mission met 
November 5-6 at the Falls City First 
Brethren Church. 

Bob Wheeler of Auburn, Nebr., gave 
an inspiring message on Friday eve- 
ning, challenging the Men of Mission to 
reach out and spread the gospel. On 
Saturday morning, guest speaker Paul 
Weinert urged the men to be called men 
of God serving their communities. 

The men of the Falls City First Breth- 
ren Church hosted the gathering. 
— reported by John Rieger, district cliainnan 

The Brethren Evangelist 





The Brethren Men of Mission of 
the Falls City, Nebr., First Brethren 
Church held a public service on Sun- 
day evening, November 21, with 30 in 
attendance. Falls City Pastor Bill Ship- 
man showed slides from the four years 
he and his wife served on a mission field 
in Guyana, South America. An offering 
was taken for the BMOM national pro- 
ject. On September 8 the Men of Mission 
began Wednesday evening cottage prayer 
meetings. Eleven men and women at- 
tended the first meeting, and attend- 
ance is now up to 18. According to re- 
porter John Rieger, the Falls City First 
Brethren Church is growing in numbers 
and fellowship, and the Brethren there 
enjoy hearing God's word together. 

Members of the Newark, Ohio, Breth- 
ren Church held a celebration on Au- 
gust 15 to mark the 30th anniversary of 
their present church building. Rev. and 
Mrs. Stephen Cole and daughter Jen- 
nifer were also honored on the occasion 
for having completed ten years as the 
pastoral family. Rev. Jerald Radcliff 
stood in for Rev. Cole in the pulpit that 
morning, and Rev. Radcliff s wife Grace 
gave an oral history of the Newark 
building and displayed a large collection 
of photographs, letters, contracts, bul- 
letins, and other memorabilia of the 
congregation. A special offering for the 
church's building fund was taken, and 
the $566 that was received enabled the 
church to reach its goal for that date of 
$25,000 in the fund. 

Rickey Bolden, former offensive line- 
man for the Cleveland Browns football 
team and now pastor of the Washing- 
ton, D.C., Brethren Church, was the 
guest speaker December 5 during the 
morning worship service at the Vinco 
Brethren Church (Mineral Point, Pa.). 
Pastor Bolden was accompanied by his 
wife Glenda and their two young sons. 
A continental breakfast was served 
prior to the morning services by the 
Senior BYIC, and a carry-in dinner was 
held following the worship service. 

The original Ashland College 
charter, dating back to 1878, was re- 

January 1994 

cently presented to Ashland University 
by the great-grandchildren of one of the 
institution's founders. The document, 
dated February 20, 1878, was discov- 
ered in an old desk passed down 
through the generations by members of 
the Austin Moherman family. Moher- 
man was one of seven Ashland area 
residents who urged the Brethren 
Church to locate its proposed college in 
Ashland during the mid-1870s. The 
charter and bylaws document was kept 
in Moherman's possession after the 
charter was granted, and was passed 
down to his son and ultimately to his 
great-grandson. Though legally not a 
valid document anymore, it has histori- 
cal value to the university and has been 
placed in the AU archives. 

Dr. Gretchen Berggren, Maternal 
and Child Specialist for World Relief of 
the National Association of Evangeli- 
cals (NAE), has been selected by 
UNICEF as one of six "children's health 
champions." In a ceremony at the White 
House on December 21, Dr. Berggren 
received an award from President Clin- 
ton honoring her work on community- 
based nutrition and primary health 
care programs, and her lifelong contri- 
bution to improving the health of chil- 
dren in Haiti. Upon receiving the award, 
Dr. Berggren stated, "At this Christmas 
season, there are many children who 
are homeless, unfed and unclothed. It is 
a privilege to work for an organization 
like World Relief whose calling is to 
reach these little ones as Jesus com- 
manded us to do." Most of the money 
that is given in The Brethren Church for 
relief work is channeled to areas of need 
through World Relief of NAE. 

In Memory 

Rosalie Miller, 84, December 10. Member in 
recent years of The Brethren Church in New 
Lebanon. Services by Pastors Jim Black and Ray 
Hesketh. Mrs. Miller was the wife of Brethren 
Elder Percy C. Miller, who survives her. To- 
gether they served the Brush Valley, Pleasant 
View, Berlin, Hillcrest, Gratis, and West Alex- 
andria Brethren churches. They were the parents 
of two sons, Clair and Earl, both of whom live in 
the Dayton, Ohio, area. 

Holmes G. Conaway, 81, December 9. Member 
of the Masontown Brethren Church, where he 
had served as a trustee and church treasurer and 
was a deacon at the time of his death. Services by 
Pastor Curt Nies and Phillip Maronde. 
Albert Dillow, 75, December 4. Member of the 
Masontown Brethren Church and the Builders 
Sunday school class, which he had served as 
teacher; he had also served as a church trustee. 
Services by Pastor Curt Nies. 
Roger H. Sheeley, 75, November 29. Member 
since 1929 of the St. James Brethren Church. 
Services by Pastor Brian H. Moore 
David Prucnal, 9, November 26. Member of the 

Religious Freedom Under Attack 

Freedom of religion often seems to be 
under attack from every quarter in our 
country. Recently the Brevard Housing 
Authority told a group of senior citizens 
living in a federally-owned building in 
Titusville, Fla., that they were not al- 
lowed to form a Bible club in the build- 
ing because the executive director of the 
Housing Authority had introduced a 
policy that did not allow Bible studies or 
church services to be held on Housing 
Authority property. 

When Melanie Davis Stockwell, co- 
ordinator of the Southeast Regional Of- 
fice of The Rutherford Institute (a non- 
profit civil liberties organization spe- 
cializing in the defense of religious lib- 
erty), was informed of this, she wrote a 
letter to Ed Chavers, executive director 
of the Brevard Housing Authority. She 
explained that since senior citizens 
were allowed to meet together in the 
building for other group activities, the 
Housing Authority could not prohibit 
the Bible club from meeting. Conse- 
quently, in early December Chavers in- 
formed the seniors that they could hold 
Bible club meetings in the building. 

"This case shows the fear and igno- 
rance of many of our public officials," Ms. 
Stockwell said. "Common sense should 
have told them that senior citizens 
should be able to talk about what they 
want in the building in which they live." 

The average American man, accord- 
ing to Men's Health magazine, watches 
26 hours and 44 minutes of television a 
week. No wonder so many Christians 
don't have time for daily devotions! 

Pleasant View Brethren Church. Services by Pas- 
tor R. Keith Hensley. 

Adeline E. Miller, 89, November 25. Member 
for 65 years of the Goshen First Brethren Church, 
where she had served as church secretary and was 
a longtime member of the Woman's Missionary 
Society, serving as Indiana District W.M.S. pres- 
ident from 1961 to 1971. Services by Pastor 
Donald Rowser. 

Dwight Bruner, November 14. Member of the 
Pleasant View Brethren Church, where he was a 
faithful Sunday school attender and a member of 
the Men of Mission. Services by Pastor R. Keith 


Wilbur and Helen Gorsuch, 65th, December 1. 
Members of the Goshen First Brethren Church. 

Membership Growth 

Oak Hill: 3 by baptism 

New Lebanon: 10 by baptism 

Warsaw: 2 by baptism, 2 by transfer 

St. James: 4 by baptism, 1 by affirmation of faith 

Fairless Hills-Levittown: 2 by bapt., 1 by trans. 



A Brethren-Sponsored, Short-Term 
Missions Opportunity 

Three weeks of service at the Youth With A Mission (YWAM) Center in 
Juarez, Mexico, preceded by a weekend of training in Ashland. 

Term of service: Mid-June to early July 

Team size: Two staff members and eight 
youth — a total of ten. 

For: Christian young people who have 
completed their sophomore year in 
high school through those age 20. 

Funding: Each team member will be re- 
quired to raise his or her own 
funds (estimated amount, $500). 

Ministry opportunities: 

• Work projects • Street evangelism 

• Ministry with children • Worship services 

• Puppets 

Be ready to have your faith challenged! This 
opportunity provides experience for those who 
have made a commitment to Christ and who 
have a passion for or are exploring missions. 

For more information, contact: 

The Brethren Church National Office 

524 College Avenue 
Ashland, OH 44805 
Phone 419-289-1708 

Sponsored by the Leadership Development Commis- 
sion, the University Church, Park Street Brethren Church, 
and the Missionary Board. 

of the Border 



w LJ 

'J J !_! IL 


iX yJ U 

iij2 E 

Funderburg Library 

Left, a view 
of Mexico 
City from 
the roof of 
the house 
of Brethren 

Left, the 
in the 
center of 
City, one 
of the 
in the 

Memories of Mexico City 

See pages 4-7. 

Love as a Command 

By Richard C. Winfield, Editor 

NO SOONER did the Christmas dec- 
orations come down in the malls 
than the St. Valentine's Day decorations 
went up. And suddenly we were seeing 
red. The time had come once again to 
celebrate romance. 

Ah, romance, falling in love, those 
exciting feelings! How wonderful they 
can be! But the trouble with romance, 
with falling in love, is that if we can fall 
into it, we can also fall out of it. And if 
the divorce statistics are any indication, 
that seems to be happening a lot. 

Marriage is not a bed of roses. It re- 
quires commitment, persistence, patience, 
sacrifice, tough love. Romantic feelings 
just don't cut it. They can be the whipped 
cream on a marriage, but they can't be 
the substance of the relationship. 

What about love in the church? How 
is it faring? Jesus said, "By this all will 
know that you are my disciples, if you 
have love for one another" (John 13:35). 
From the number of people-problems 
we have in our churches, it would seem 
that something's lacking here as well. 

Contaminated thinking 

Could it be that the reason we do not 
have a greater degree of love in the 
church is that the romantic idea of "fall- 
ing in love" has contaminated our think- 
ing about Christian love? We read in the 
Bible that we are to love fellow Chris- 
tians, our neighbors, even our enemies, 
and we believe that somehow this is just 
going to happen. We expect some kind 
of warm, benevolent feeling just to 
come over us. 
And when it 
doesn't, we ex- 
cuse ourselves 
from responsibil- 
ity because we 
believe love is 
something that 
can't be forced. 

But this com- 
mand, like any 
other command, 
must be obeyed. 
So we are faced 
with the ques- 
tion, How can 

we make ourselves love other people, 
some of whom we may not even like? 

A commitment of the will 

First of all, it takes a commitment of 
the will. We have to commit ourselves 
to love others; we must tell God and 
ourselves that we are going to do it. 

Why should we do this? Well, if we 
are serious about the lordship of Christ 
in our lives and are seeking to follow 
Him, then we have little choice in the 
matter. Making a commitment of the 
will is what takes love out of the "fall- 
ing into" realm and puts it into the 
realm of obedience. 

Second, if we are going to start loving 
others, we have to work at it. We have 
to act it out. In fact, the actions may 
have to precede the love. 

In Luke 6:27 Jesus told His followers 
to love their enemies and then went on 
to tell them to "do good to those who 
hate you, bless those who curse you, pray 
for those who mistreat you." Sometimes 
we have to reverse this order. We have 
to start praying for others and blessing 
them and doing good to them before we 
can ever really love them. But when we 
do these things with a sincere and obe- 
dient heart (not hypocritically, which is 
sometimes the case), love will follow. 

As I thought about this, I remembered 
a true account I once read in an article 
by Rev. George Solomon. It was about 
John G, an alcoholic who had deserted 
his wife and two children and ended up 
on skid row. He escaped from that life, 

but after being sober a year, he decided 
to divorce his wife, who had stayed with 
him despite his drinking. 

A rescue-mission worker argued with 
John, claiming that he owed his wife as 
many years sober as she had given him 
when he was drinking. John finally agreed 
to stay with her, but planned that later 
he would get the divorce. 

John started doing things for his wife. 
As he did so, their relationship changed. 
In time, he didn't "owe" her any more 
sober years. But he no longer wanted 
the divorce. "I'm just happy to be with 
her," he said. "I'm beginning to find out 
that love is thinking about another per- 
son before you think of yourself." 

Yes, the experience of love often follows 
acts of love. This is true not only in mar- 
riage, but also in relationships with other 
Christians, neighbors, even enemies. 

God's power 

Even so, to love others as Christ has 
commanded us, we need something else: 
we need God's power. Therefore, we need 
to pray for God to empower us to love. 
We can't do it alone. Paul said, ". . . it 
is God who works in you to will and to 
act according to his good purpose" (Phil. 
2:13, italics added). (And what higher 
"purpose" is there than to love?) 

But we can't expect God to empower 
us to love if we won't make a commit- 
ment of the will. He's not going to make 
the decision for us. Nor can we expect 
God to continue giving us the power to 
love if we don't use it. Paul said that it 
is God who works in us, but right before 
that he also said that we are to work 
(Phil. 2:12). 

Jesus commanded us to love others, 
and God will empower us to do so. But 
we have to make the commitment; and 
we have to put forth the effort. This is 
one kind of love we can't expect just to 
fall into. [ft] 

;^t Pontius' Puddle 



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The Brethren Evangelist 

Funderburg Library 


Worth Manchester, IN 46962 

February 1994 

Volume 116, Number 2 

The Brethren Evangelist 

(ISSN 0747^288) 


Richard C. Winfield 

Children's Page 

Sandi Rowsey 

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Member: Evangelical Press 

February 1994 


Love as a Command by Richard C. Winfield 2 

In the Bible, love is something we are commanded to do, not some- 
thing that we fall into. 

Memories of Mexico City by Carolyn Cooksey 4 

Spending a few days in Mexico helped replace stereotypes with real 
people and engendered a heightened awareness of their need for Christ. 

Our Trip to Mexico by Emily Cooksey 5 

A few things that stood out in an eighth-grader's mind following a trip 
"south of the border." 

Gaining a New Perspective on Missions by David Cooksey 6 

For the writer, a visit to a Brethren mission field has added visual im- 
ages and faces of new-found friends to reports of mission work. 

Plant Your Roots Deeply Into the Local Church by Luis Palau 8 
Making a personal commitment to a local church brings support for 
oneself and also blesses other members of the congregation. 

Principles of Biblical Interpretation by Brenda B. Colijn 9 

To fully understand any passage in the Bible, we must seek to answer 
three specific questions about that text. 

Ministry Pages Brethren Church Ministries 

Sharing Our Faith by Ronald W. Waters 11 

Witnessing That Comes Naturally 14 






From the Grape Vine 


Children's Page 


by Sandi Rowsey 

Cover: Photographs taken by members of the Rev. David Cooksey family on 
their November 1993 trip to Mexico City. See pages 4-7 for reflections on this 

Answers to the Little Crusader page: 

1. neighbor 

2. strength 

3. Father 

4. heart. 

Message: Believe in Jesus Christ and love one another. 

Memories of Mexico City 

By Carolyn Cooksey 
With accompanying articles by Emily and David Cooksey 

Last fall, Rev. David Cooksey, Direc- 
tor of Pastoral Ministries for The 
Brethren Church, was one of the speak- 
ers at the National Convention of The 
Brethren Church in Mexico, held Sat- 
urday, November 20, in Mexico City. 
Traveling with Rev. Cooksey on this trip 
to Mexico were his wife Carolyn and 
their daughter Emily. On this and the 
following pages are reminiscences by the 
Cookseys, beginning with Carolyn, of 
the several days (November 1 7-22) they 
spent in Mexico City on that occasion. 

I was a typical naive North 
American about Mexico. I had vague 
conceptions of Mexico's historical 
connections with the Aztec Indians, 
Montezuma, and the Spanish con- 
quests. I remembered the Alamo 
and the Mexican war. And I thought 
I knew a little about our neighbors 
to the south. 

Armed with my misconceptions, 
I eagerly looked forward to our trip 
to Mexico City as a pleasant break 
from the cold, wet weather of north- 
central Ohio. I had hopes of enjoy- 
ing a somewhat relaxing few days 
with our friends, Brethren mission- 
aries Tim and Jan Eagle and Todd 
and Tracy Ruggles, and of observ- 
ing, absorbing, and reflecting on 
another culture. 

First impressions 

Our first impression of Mexico 
City, gained from the air as we ap- 
proached the city, was of its size. It 
is a huge, sprawling city, bounded 
by mountains on three sides, with 
the city spreading across the valley 
floor in all directions. Later, in the 
airport, as we passed through im- 
migration we were greeted by the 
familiar faces of Juan Carlos and 

Mrs. Cooksey works as a reference 
librarian at the Ashland University 

Maria Miranda, and we could see 
Eagles and Ruggles holding wel- 
come signs on the other side of cus- 
toms. After greetings, we joined 
the crowds of people and went out- 
side into the warm sunshine and a 
world of new sights and sounds. 

Some of us took a taxi, the rest 
went by foot-subway-buses across 
town to the part of the city that 
was to be our home for the next 
few days. I was not prepared for 
anything! People were everywhere — 
all ages, beautiful skin, thick black 
hair, warm brown eyes! There were 
also hundreds of buses and seem- 
ingly thousands of VW "Bugs." 

The air was thick with exhaust 
(even though Tim assured us that 
it was a clear day). Everything (bill- 
boards, street signs, etc.) was writ- 
ten in Spanish, which I was not 
comprehending; and the comments 
of our taxi driver were spoken much 
quicker than anything I had ever 

heard in my three years of college 
Spanish. This initial ride was some- 
what unnerving. But there was so 
much going on that we were more 
amazed than terrified. 

The Eagles' home is a simply 
beautiful, sparsely furnished, eco- 
nomically designed, two-story cement 
structure located at the top of a 
crowded street. It has an outside 
spiral staircase that leads to a 
rooftop with a magnificent view (on 
a clear day) of the distant moun- 
tains. A water tank on the roof as- 
sures a reliable water supply, just 
as the candles in every room of the 
house assure reliable light during 
the frequent electrical outages. 
Jan's artistic talent was in evidence 
inside and outside the house. We 
immediately felt at home in these 
hospitable surroundings. 

After a tour of the house, we ven- 
tured outside for a walk through 
the neighborhood. We went past a 

The home of Tim and Jan Eagle, with Emily Cooksey standing by the door. Note 
the sunshade on top of the house and the railing around the flat roof, which is 
reached by a spiral staircase at the side of the house. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

small park and onto a narrow, 
crowded walkway that was just 
inches from an equally crowded 
and narrow street. It was as if we 
had stepped into another time per- 
iod. Women carried babies on their 
backs; a man carried a falcon; dogs 
ran loose. We turned a corner and 
saw a donkey hitched to a load. 
There were traffic sounds, music, 
vendor stalls, and hole-in-the-wall 
shops selling unusual things. We 
entered an open-air market where 
we saw vegetables and spices we 
did not recognize and were offered 
exotic fruits to taste. 

Jan picked out fruit and bargained 
for fresh vegetables and meat. 
Since there are no set prices, this 
took some time. We found it fasci- 
nating, but it could be frustrating 
on a regular basis. The money she 
used to pay for these purchases 
proved to be an enigma to us — 
there are so many zeros on every- 
thing, with thousands of pesos 
equaling almost nothing. 

Having completed our market- 
ing, we headed home for the time- 
consuming process of food prepara- 
tion — scrubbing, soaking in iodine 
water, boiling, peeling, frying, and 

Our Trip to Mexico 

By Emily Cooksey 

City, I went with my par- 
ents and the Eagles and the 
Ruggles to the street markets. 
They have markets everywhere 
in Mexico City. We saw many 
different kinds of fruits. People 
stand on the streets selling food, 
flowers, and house supplies. They 
also sell things that they make. 
People are very friendly in 
Mexico. Food is not very expen- 
sive, and transportation doesn't 

Emily is in the eighth grade at the 
Ashland, Ohio, Middle School. 

cost much either 

We went to see the Teotihua- 
can Pyramids. There are two of 
them, a sun pyramid and a moon 
pyramid. The sun pyramid had 
250 steps to the top. 

The Eagles and Ruggles have 
to boil all of their water so that 
they won't get sick. There are 
also dogs that run loose around 
the neighborhoods. 

The church that Eagles and 
Ruggles are working with meets 
in one room in a small brick 
building. They have picnics on 
the roof of the building. [ft] 

Carolyn Cooksey, Tracy Ruggles, Tim Eagle, Emily Cooksey, Jan Eagle, 
and Dave Cooksey stand at the base of the pyramid to the sun before climbing 
the 250 steps to its top. 

refrying. But when it was finished 
and we had our first taste of this 
authentic Mexican food, we found 
it to be delicious. 

I began day two by discovering 
the joy of rooftop living. What a 
thrill to feel the warmth of the ris- 
ing sun and to drink morning cof- 
fee to the sound of the rooster's 
crowing! By this time we were all 
pretty much aware that we were in 
a Third-World country with a 
lower standard of living than ours 
in the U.S. Most of the "rules of 
survival" were in place by then, 
among them: 

• don't drink the water, especially 
while showering or brushing 
your teeth 

• do drink what has been boiled, 
bottled, or canned 

• don't eat unrecognizable stuff 
unless you know who made it 

• keep eyes closed, arms inside 
windows, and pray a lot when in 
a private car 

• keep eyes open, hold onto some- 
thing, and pray a lot in public 

• be prepared for anything, open 
to the unusual, and enjoy the 


Thursday was a free day for sight- 
seeing. After consulting numerous 
maps and guidebooks, we ventured 
out to navigate what appeared, even 
to the casual observer, to be a very 
complex street system. Todd has 
mastered the art of being a skilled 
defensive/aggressive driver, and in 
our three-hour, cross-city ride we 
learned a few more rules of the 
road, namely: traffic signals actu- 
ally mean very little and are large- 
ly ignored; never ask for directions, 
since the average person on the 
street doesn't know the road sys- 
tem any better than you do but 
will tell you anything to save face. 

Although we were never actually 
lost, much of the time we didn't 
know where we were, and when we 
finally got to our destination we 
didn't know how we had gotten there. 
We did enjoy the ancient archae- 
ological ruins of Teotihuacan and 
the pyramids of the moon and the 
sun. And it took us less than an 
hour to return home! 

On Friday we used the public 
transportation system. We spent 

February 1994 

the day in the historic center (Zo- 
calo) of the city exploring the mar- 
kets and buildings. Of special in- 
terest to us was the Cathedral, one 
of the largest church buildings in 
the world, dating back to the 1500s. 
The walls, inside and out, were en- 
closed in scaffolding. The structure 
was very dark inside. There were 
numerous altars where people 
bowed before statues of the suffer- 
ing, crucified Christ. (There was 
but one statue of the risen, glori- 
ous Christ, which seemed almost 
out of place.) There were beautiful 
golden walls, priceless woven tap- 
estries, and magnificent paintings. 

Yet the building itself is sinking 
into the ground. 

I could not help but wonder if this 
great building was a symbol of in- 
stitutionalized religion at its worst — 
people worshiping a dead Christ, 
surrounded by the work of their 
own hands and imaginations held 
up by manmade scaffolding. Yet 
there were certainly devout Chris- 
tians there as well — the flames of 
numerous candles providing im- 
ages of the Light shining in the 
darkness, bringing hope and life to 
all who believe. 

Saturday was Convention day for 
The Brethren Church in Mexico. 

After a very uplifting but exhaust- 
ing Convention, it was good to relax 
at the Ruggles' home in the com- 
pany of Juan and Maria and to dis- 
cuss the work there, The Brethren 
Church, and future dreams. 

Sunday we attended one of the 
Mexican Brethren churches, where 
we noticed how different the build- 
ing, the service, and the surround- 
ing community are from many 
churches we've visited in the U.S. 
But the hearts and minds of the 
believers are much the same. Fol- 
lowing the service, Jan, Tracy, 
Emily, and I took public transpor- 
tation to Maria's room, where we 

Gaining a New Perspective on Missions 

By David Cooksey 

WHAT a wonderful opportu- 
nity I was afforded this 
past fall when I was asked to 
speak at the National Conven- 
tion of The Brethren Church in 
Mexico, held in Mexico City on 
November 20! 

As I looked forward to this ex- 
perience, however, several con- 
cerns went through my mind, es- 
pecially the language difference 
and my own uncertainty about 
whether I could speak for a cou- 
ple of hours instead of twenty 
minutes. My topics were Breth- 
ren polity, history, and doctrine, 
which posed no problem. But the 
last hour was for questions and 
answers, and that was scary. 

The presentations went well, 
however. The Brethren in Mexico 

are loving and gracious people. 
They made my visit a joy and a 
memory that will remain with 
me forever. 

Shortly after our arrival in 
Mexico City, we began to get a 
real look at how life is lived there. 
The homes of the Ruggles and 
the Eagles were both very simple 
but nice. Things we take for 
granted here in the U.S. are less 
dependable there. Their kitchens 
are small and so are their appli- 
ances — only a small refrigerator 
and stove. Electricity was un- 
dependable at best, with a single 
light bulb hanging from the ceil- 
ing of each room. These would 
dim frequently, especially when the 
one-room electric heater would 
come on in the cool evenings. The 

Dave, Carolyn, and Emily Cooksey with the banner welcoming those who 
attended the 5th National Convention of The Brethren Church in Mexico. 

houses have no central heat. 

City water is undependable, so 
whenever it is on, water is stored 
in rooftop tanks so that it will be 
available throughout the day. 
Other utility services are brought 
to homes sometime during the 
week and are purchased as 
needed. A person comes down the 
street ringing a bell or blowing a 
whistle announcing that either 
the trash pickup or the bottled gas 
man will be along shortly. Then 
you take your trash to the truck 
or pay cash for the gas bottle at 
curb side. Using bathroom facili- 
ties is different also, but I won't 
go into that. They do, however, 
have a wonderful shower with 
plenty of hot water. 

During our visit, Todd took us 
to Jesus del Monte, the commu- 
nity where he and Ramone, a 
young man of Indian descent, 
lead a Bible study. Ramone is a 
very warm and friendly person 
with a deep commitment to 
Christian ministry. The commu- 
nity is not far from where Todd 
lives, but it took about 30 min- 
utes to get there because of the 
poor dirt road and the traffic. I'm 
not certain that we couldn't have 
walked there in 30 minutes. 

About half way between these 
two communities I saw two ex- 
tremes of human existence. First 
was a dump, where people live in 
tin and cardboard shacks and glean 
their livelihood from what is 
brought to the dump. During the 
week, Jan and Tracy minister to 
the people who live in this area. 

At the other extreme was a 

The Brethren Evangelist 

shared our lives and stories and 
prayed for one another in our min- 
istries to women. 

In Mexico, many of the people live 
poverty-filled lives with limited op- 
portunity for education and little 
economic security. For women it is 
an extremely hard existence. They 
must do much of the household 
work by hand, without time- and 
energy-saving appliances. Health 
care is limited and of poor quality. 
And the macho attitude of the so- 
ciety definitely relegates women to 
a second-class position. 

I am thrilled for the ministry of 
Maria Miranda. Her daily radio 

broadcasts on more than 600 sta- 
tions is the only international pro- 
gram of its kind. It is designed to 
reach women in very practical ways. 
It was good to see the Eagles and 
the Ruggles learning to talk and 
think in Spanish and to cook and 
drive like Mexicans. As we talked 
together about their work with the 
four congregations they serve, they 
shared their struggle with the 
Christo-pagan belief system of that 
culture. Shrines to Mary and relig- 
ious holidays play an important 
part in the daily lives of so many 
of the people, and yet it seems that 
true religion (Christianity), like the 

traffic laws, is either loosely followed 
or completely ignored. 

The work in Mexico has had a 
strong beginning. Tim and Jan, 
Todd and Tracy are dedicated to 
its continuation and growth. The 
Mexican people are a gentle people 
with centuries of tradition but with 
a great need for the life-saving 
Word. My naive suppositions about 
the country gave way to the reality 
and truth of the need for Christian 
evangelism and outreach. I urge each 
of you to continue praying for the 
Mexican people, for the work of The 
Brethren Church there, and for 
these special missionaries. [t] 

country club and golf course sur- 
rounded by large, expensive 
homes rivaling many I have seen 
in the U.S. This nice area was al- 
most in view from the dump. 

The National Convention of 
The Brethren Church in Mexico 
was held at the Palo Solo Church, 
which is pastored by Moses Cal- 
deron. Pastor Jose Castro and 
the congregation he serves came 
across town to be a part of the 
Convention. What a really great 
experience it was for me to begin 
putting faces and voices with 
names I had previously known 
only from reading them in the 
missionary news! I also met the 
wives and children of these pas- 
tors. It was a great day of meet- 
ing brothers and sisters in Christ 
who are ministering in another 
part of the world. 

Convention highlights 

The Convention started a little 
differently from our General Con- 
ference. Time is not of the utmost 
importance in Mexico. On the 
morning of the Convention, some- 
one was to pick me up at eight 
o'clock. The person did not come 
until nine, and when we got to 
the church, everyone was just 
standing around talking, while 
some were still arriving. 

About 9:30 we began singing, 
and an hour later, as people con- 
tinued to come (most by bus or on 
foot), the morning speaker was 
introduced. He was the pastor of 
the largest Methodist church in 
Mexico City. He was very evan- 
gelistic — like a Mexican Bud 

Hamel — and hardly took a deep 
breath as he spoke for an hour. 

When he finished, everyone got 
up and went out into the street in 
front of the church. It was Rev- 
olution Day in Mexico, similar to 
our 4th of July in the U.S. The 
Mexican people are very patriotic, 
and a solemn service of respect 
for flag and country took place 
there in the street. Some of the 
teen-age girls of the church 
marched and sang, and the flag 
was placed on a pole and slowly 
raised as we all stood at atten- 
tion, hands over our hearts, and 
sang the Mexican national an- 
them. Many of the people had 
tears in their eyes as we sang. In 
many ways the attitudes of the 
Mexican people remind me of the 
way things were in the U.S. in 
the 50's and 60's — more respect 
for people and property, with 
young people polite and content 
to be quiet during meetings.* 

Lunch for the Convention was 
a carry-in meal. Brethren are the 
same the world over — good food 
and lots of it. We ate on the roof 
of the church in the warm sun- 
light, with fellowship and laugh- 
ter in abundance. Following lunch, 
the Convention continued with 

*The young people told me about their 
schools, which are quite different from 
ours today in the U.S. They have no be- 
havioral problems to speak of, and if a 
student gets into trouble at school, it is 
worse at home. In order to advance from 
elementary school to middle school and 
from middle school to high school, three 
things are required — a certificate of aca- 
demic achievement, a certificate of attend- 
ance, and a certificate of good behavior. 

reports, elections, my presenta- 
tion, more singing, and business 
until after dark. 

The next day (Sunday), the wor- 
ship service followed the same kind 
of loose timetable as the Conven- 
tion. It was not over until late af- 
ternoon. Juan Carlos and Maria 
were a great help as interpreters 
and guides, as were also the Rug- 
gles and the Eagles. 

Special memories 

Several things really stand out 
in my memories of my visit to 
Mexico City in addition to those 
I've already mentioned. The peo- 
ple in Mexico City are very open 
to the gospel, and without hesita- 
tion Todd and Tim talked to peo- 
ple on the streets about the Lord. 
The people in the churches are 
excited about their faith and are 
involved in outreach. The two 
neighborhood ministries that 
have been started are growing 
because they emphasize Bible 
study and outreach. The people 
are basically warm, kind, and in- 
dustrious, with simple worldly 
needs but great spiritual needs. 

Perhaps you will someday have 
the opportunity to make a work- 
ing trip to our Mexican mission 
field. It definitely helped me to 
put things in a different perspec- 
tive, and especially gave me a 
greater love for those who are 
called to share the words of truth 
in a different culture and another 
language. I will never read a re- 
port about Mexico again without 
visual images and fond memories 
of new-found friends. [ft] 

February 1994 

Plant Your Roots Deeply Into the Local Church 

WHEN IT COMES to fast food, 
my wife Pat and I are of two 
completely different minds. She likes 
Burger King; I definitely prefer 
McDonalds. But that's okay. In such 
matters, variety is the spice of life. 
Unfortunately, many Americans 
treat going to church much the 
same way they decide where to go 
to eat. "Let's see, we went to Dairy 
Queen last week, so let's go to 
Wendy s this week." And off they 
go, fluttering like butterflies from 
one church to another. 

Dangers of shallowness 

I'm convinced it's crucial that we 
plant our roots deeply into a local 
church. Otherwise, if you and I 
remain shallow in this important 
area of commitment, we'll lose out 
on the support of other Christians 
when the storms of life hit. 

By neglecting to minister within 
a home church, we also cause other 
Christians to lose something. The 
Lord Jesus says that He is the vine 
and that we are connected to Him 
as branches. As a result, through 
Jesus, we are connected to each 
other. We are members of His body, 
the church. 

In 1 Corinthians 12:26 we read, 
"If one part suffers, every part suf- 
fers with it; if one part is honored, 
every part rejoices with it." How 

Dr. Palau is a global evangelist who 
has spoken to more than 10 million 
people in 60 countries. He also is the 
author of more than three dozen books 
and booklets, including What Is a Real 
Christian?, which has been published 
in 30 languages worldwide. 


By Luis Palau 

you and I relate to the Body of 
Christ directly affects other Chris- 
tians. We need each other! 

If we remain shallow in this 
important area of commit- 
ment, we'll lose out on the 
support of other Christians 
when the storms of life hit. 

My wife and I are active mem- 
bers of a church near our home in 
Portland, Oregon. Even though we 
travel quite a lot to speak at Chris- 
tian conferences and evangelistic 
crusades around the world, we know 
we're not excused from taking an 
active part in the life and ministry 
of our home church. 

Sure, we've heard about bigger 
and (possibly) better churches scat- 
tered here and there throughout 
the city. But so what? The only valid 
reasons I can think of for leaving 
one's local church to go to another 
church would be heresy about a 
pivotal doctrine such as the divin- 
ity of Jesus Christ or the authority 
of Scripture; blatant immorality 
(whether theft, adultery, or what- 
ever) left undisciplined and un- 
resolved; spiritual deadness that 
threatens the spiritual vitality of 
oneself or one's family; or of course 
making a move to another city. 

Speak well of the church 

Since when is the church a coun- 
try club where you pay your dues 
until you find somewhere else more 
exciting to go? Even though our 
home church (like all churches!) 
has its faults, we've gladly spoken 
well of it and especially made a 

point to do so in front of our sons. 
We found that this helped them to 
claim the church as their own when 
they got older. 

One habit we have when getting 
ready to leave the house on Sun- 
day mornings is to take certain ex- 
pectations about what we want to 
get out of church that morning and 
leave them at home with the dog. 
Consequently, everything we re- 
ceive is a blessing. Our goal isn't to 
get, but to give. 

Volunteer to serve 

Whatever we do for the least of 
God's family, we actually do for 
Him. Don't wait until someone 
asks you to do something. Volun- 
teer to serve in some capacity. 
Take the initiative to invite some- 
one to join you for Sunday dinner. 
Show hospitality to your church's 
missionaries when they are home 
on furlough. Visit the sick and the 
elderly. Take food to those facing 
financial difficulties. 

Several years ago, a friend lost 
his job. Some months later, we 
heard that his family's house would 
be taken away if the payments 
were not met. The family already 
had sold its cars in order to meet 
its financial obligations. Pat sug- 
gested that we make one of their 
house payments. We invited others 
to help as well. 

Together, as part of God's family, 
we can support each other in even 
the most difficult of times, if our 
roots are planted deeply into the 
local church. [ft] 

Copyright © 1994 by Luis Palau, P.O. 
Box 1173, Portland, Oregon 97207 

The Brethren Evangelist 

the Bible 

ANYONE who has spent much time 
studying the Bible has sometimes 
been puzzled about how to interpret it. 
We can sympathize with Peter's com- 
ment about Paul's letters: 

Bear in mind that our Lord's patience 
means salvation, just as our dear brother 
Paul also wrote you with the wisdom 
that God gave him. He writes the same 
way in all his letters, speaking in them 
of these matters. His letters contain 
some things that are hard to under- 
stand, which ignorant and unstable 
people distort, as they do the other 
Scriptures, to their own destruction. 
2 Peter 3:15-16* 

Peter's comment points out the Bible's 
dual nature. Paul writes his letters in his 
own way, using the wisdom God has 
given him, but what he writes is Scrip- 
ture. Thus the Bible, like Christ, is both 
human and divine — a production of rec- 
ognizable human beings which neverthe- 
less bears the inspiration and authority of 
God. Because it has God's authority, we 
ignore or distort it at our peril. 

The eternal in the historical 

We must take the Bible's dual nature 
into account in order to understand it 
fully. This does not mean that we sepa- 
rate the divine parts from the human 
parts in order to obey the former and 
ignore the latter. It means that the eternal 
is revealed in the historical throughout 
Scripture just as it was in the incarnation. 

Because God chose to give us His 
written word in particular historical con- 
texts (some very different from our 

*Quotations from the Bible are from the 
New International Version. 

Dr. Colijn is a member of the Smoky 
Row Brethren Church in Worthington, 
Ohio. She chairs The Brethren Church's 
Committee on Doctrine, Research, and 
Publication, which is preparing this 
series of articles. 

February 1993 

Principles of Biblical 

By Brenda B. Colijn 

own), we cannot just consider what the 
Bible means to us. (In our individualistic 
culture, this is often expressed as "what 
this verse means to me.") We would do 
well to remember Paul's criticism of the 
Corinthians: "Did the word of God origi- 
nate with you? Or are you the only peo- 
ple it has reached?" (1 Cor. 14:36). 

When we read the Bible, we must dis- 
cern in what way it is God's particular 
word to particular people at a certain 
point in history. We must also discern in 
what way it is God's eternal word to all 
times and places, including our own. To 
fully understand a biblical passage, there- 
fore, we must ask three questions: What 
did it mean in its original historical con- 
text? What does it mean in our time and 
place? What must we do in response to 
it? Let's look at each of these questions 
in more detail. 

What did the passage mean 
in its original setting? 

We must first ask what the passage 
meant in its original setting. Our goal is 
to understand the meaning that the writ- 
ers, under the guidance of the Holy 
Spirit, intended to communicate. In order 
to understand this meaning, we must 
study the text under the guidance of that 
same Holy Spirit. According to Alexan- 
der Mack, "when a believing person 
whose inner ears are opened reads the 
Holy Scriptures outwardly, he will hear 
as the Lord Jesus intends His teaching to 
be understood. He hears that which the 
apostles want to express in their writ- 
ings." In interpreting the Bible, study 
and prayer go hand in hand. 

Brethren have always believed in find- 
ing out as much as possible about the 
historical setting of the Bible. The early 
Brethren read histories to learn about the 
beliefs and practices of the early church. 
They wanted to experience the life of the 
apostolic church in their own communities. 
Their research illuminated the Scriptures 
for them and helped lead them to their 

distinctive practices, such as trine im- 
mersion baptism, threefold Communion, 
and anointing. When an insight from some- 
one who knew Greek called into ques- 
tion the order in which they observed the 
three parts of the Lord's Supper, they 
changed their practice accordingly. 

A passage and its contexts 

To understand a passage in its original 
setting, we must study both the passage 
itself and its contexts. We should read 
the passage many times using several 
different translations. Disagreements 
among the translations will alert us to 
possible difficulties in interpretation. We 
should ask ourselves what kind of writ- 
ing it is — a story, a letter, a poem, a 
prophecy, and so on. This will help us to 
know what to expect of the passage. For 
example, poems often use more figura- 
tive language than letters do. 

As we read through the passage, we 
should notice the structure, the grammar, 
and the important words. As with any 
writing, we assume that the words are 
meant literally unless they are used in an 
unusual and striking way. We can find 
out more about the words by looking up 
other instances of them in a concord- 
ance. Books are also available that dis- 
cuss in depth the meaning of biblical words. 

To understand the contexts of the pas- 
sage, we use the Bible itself as well as 
other resources. Most problems in bibli- 
cal interpretation come about because of 
ignoring one or more of these contexts. 

A biblical passage has several con- 
texts. Most importantly, we must place a 
passage in the context of the material 
that comes before and after it and in the 
context of the whole book in which it 
appears. Then we should compare it with 
passages in other books by the same 
author. Finally, we should consider how 
it fits in the rest of the Old or New Testa- 
ment, as well as in the Bible as a whole. 

To fill in the historical and cultural 
contexts, we should try to find out who 

'When we read the Bible, we must discern in what way it is God's particular 
word to particular people at a certain point in history. We must also discern 
in what way it is God's eternal word to all times and places, including our own." 

wrote the passage, to whom, and for 
what purpose. We should also find out 
about any historical fact or cultural prac- 
tice mentioned in the passage. Resources 
such as Bible handbooks, Bible diction- 
aries and encyclopedias, and Bible at- 
lases can give us this information. 

What does the passage mean 
in our time and place? 

Once we have a sense of what the pas- 
sage meant in its original setting, we can 
ask what it means in our time and place. 
The early Brethren were historically na- 
ive; they did not see the differences be- 
tween the first century culture and their 
own. They simply read the New Testa- 
ment as if it were contemporary with 
them. In our day, many people read the 
Bible with the opposite assumption — 
that the Bible is an ancient book whose 
original message has no relevance today. 

We can't read the Bible as naively as 
the early Brethren did, because we know 
how different our culture is from the cul- 
tures of the Bible writers. But we must 
have the same conviction they had that 
the Bible's message has relevance today. 
Because the Bible is both historical and 
eternal, its meaning today will be based 
on its meaning in its original setting. 

Bringing a biblical passage into our time 
and place requires distinguishing between 
universal principles and particular appli- 
cations. The Bible contains both. For ex- 
ample, Paul lays out the universal princi- 
ple that we should not create stumbling 
blocks for our brothers and sisters in the 
faith (Rom. 14; 1 Cor. 8, 10). He applies 
this principle to the particular historical 
situation of meat sacrificed to idols. 

To determine what a passage means to 
us, we identify the universal principle 
and apply it in a form that makes the 
same point in our culture. The better we 
understand the original context, the more 
clearly we will see how a passage should 
be applied today. For example, God's 
character and purposes are eternal; the 
plan of salvation is the same today as it 
always was. Similarly, human nature has 
not changed since the first century, so the 
Bible's moral instruction is as directly 
relevant today as it was then. By con- 
trast, we no longer live in an agricultural 
society that permits us to care for the 
poor by letting them glean the edges of 
our fields. But we must still apply the 


principle of compassion for the poor in 
all the ways available in our society. 

What must we do 
in response? 

The third question we must ask is what 
we must do in response to a passage. 
Modern Christians often regard personal 
obedience as a final (sometimes op- 
tional) step when studying the Bible. Af- 
ter we understand a passage, we then 
decide how (or whether) to apply it to 
our lives. In our Sunday school classes or 
Bible studies, we deal with personal ap- 
plication at the end — unless we run out 
of time. And since we regard application 
as so personal and individual, we don't 
hold people accountable for it. Many 
modern textbooks on interpreting the Bi- 
ble leave out application altogether. 

The attitude of the early Brethren was 
very different. Anyone who reads their 
writings is struck by their constant and 
distinctive emphasis on obedience. They 
went to the Bible precisely to look for 
new examples to follow and new com- 
mands to obey. They thought of them- 
selves as disciples of Christ. It was natu- 
ral for them to go to Scripture to sit at the 
feet of their Teacher and Lord to learn 
how to follow Him more closely and 
love Him more fully. Mack declared that 
anyone who reads the Bible under the 
guidance of the Holy Spirit "will also be 
impelled, through his inner hearing, to 
true obedience which makes him obey 
even in outward matters." 

As individuals, the Brethren followed 
the example of Christ and the apostles. 
As a community, they followed the ex- 
ample of the early church. While they 
generally allowed for individual differ- 
ences in application, they also held one 
another accountable for their under- 
standing of Scripture and their obedience 
to it. We would do well to recover their 
vision of Christ's Lordship. We might 
then make obedience a commitment 
rather than an afterthought and find ways 
to incorporate mutual, loving account- 
ability into our own church fellowships. 

When we move beyond individual 
passages and attempt to understand what 
the Bible teaches as a whole, we must 
know how to compare Scripture with 
Scripture. Since the Reformation, when 
Luther declared the principle sola scrip- 
ture (Scripture alone), Protestants have 

agreed that the Bible is its own best inter- 
preter. The parts of Scripture should be 
understood in the light of the whole of 
Scripture, obscure passages in the light 
of clear passages, and particular state- 
ments in the light of universal principles. 
How Brethren Understand God's Word 
(1993) states that the early Brethren took 
a "harmonizing, Christ-centered approach" 
to comparing Scripture with Scripture. It 
was a harmonizing approach because 
they used all relevant passages in both 
Old and New Testaments. When Mack 
discusses marriage, for example, he places 
passages from Genesis, Deuteronomy, 
Leviticus, Matthew, 1 Corinthians, and 
Ephesians side by side. This approach 
led the Brethren to practice a Commun- 
ion service that combined the footwash- 
ing recorded in John's gospel with the 
bread and cup recorded in the synoptic 
gospels and the agape meal found in all 
accounts. It was also a Christ-centered 
approach because the final arbiter in all 
questions of interpretation was the per- 
son, mission, teaching, and example of 

Implications for today 

This approach has significant implica- 
tions for Brethren today. If we apply it, 
we can allow the person and message of 
Christ to determine for us what is central 
and what is peripheral. We can interpret 
biblical passages within the framework 
of the Bible's central theme, God's pur- 
pose to create a people for Himself in 
Christ. We can place biblical passages in 
the context of the gradual revelation of 
God's character and will that climaxed in 
the person of His Son, the Living Word. 
In our teaching, preaching, and decisions 
about doctrine and practice, we can give 
the words and example of Jesus at least 
as much weight as the words of Paul. 
Finally, we can ask ourselves if all of our 
interpretations accord with the truth of 
Christ and reflect the spirit of Christ. 

Interpreting the Bible can sometimes 
be a challenge, but it is also a joy. No 
other book can bring us the message of 
salvation and equip us to live full and 
fruitful lives as Christ's disciples (2 Tim. 
3:15-17). No other book can give us the 
words of life (John 6:68). May we do our 
best to present ourselves to God as those 
approved by Him, accurately interpret- 
ing the word of truth (2 Tim. 2:15). [ir] 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Brethren Church Ministries 

Sharing Our Faith 

By Ronald W. Waters 
Director of Brethren Church Ministries 

THE SECOND of the four 
Brethren Church "Priorities 
for the Nineties" is "Sharing Our 
Faith — to burden, stimulate, and 
equip persons to share the good 
news of Jesus Christ through both 
words and actions through local 
church implementation of the 
Passing On the Promise outreach 
process, leading to Brethren peo- 
ple sharing their faith in a life- 
style of friendship evangelism." 

The goal of this priority is to 
nudge Brethren people into active 
and effective sharing of their faith. 
The recommended means for do- 
ing this is the Passing On the 
Promise (POtP) process. Present- 
ly, just under 40 percent of all 
Brethren churches are participat- 
ing in POtP. Several churches not 
participating in POtP have out- 
reach ministries that are attempt- 
ing to accomplish the same goal. 

From the evangelism survey con- 
ducted in Brethren churches last 
summer/fall (see a report on pages 
12-14 of the December 1993 Evan- 
gelist), it became apparent to me 
that every Brethren church needs 
a comprehensive plan of evangel- 
ism if we as individual congrega- 
tions and as a denomination are to 
accomplish this priority and be 
faithful witnesses for Christ. 

In his book, DAWN 2000: 7 Mil- 
lion Churches to Go (Pasadena, 
California: William Carey Library, 
1989), Jim Montgomery describes 
"13 Steps to a Successful Growth 
Program." Montgomery identified 
these steps while studying denom- 
inational evangelism emphases in 
the Philippines. While his steps 
are based on denominational and 
nationwide programs, they seem 
to apply equally to local church 
evangelism strategies. 

Step One: Dream great dreams; 
see large visions. 

It is only when we dream God- 
sized dreams that we will be chal- 
lenged to reach out to the lost in 
significant ministry. Montgomery 
says that growing churches "have 
a vision larger than themselves. 
They have a driving concern to see 
their whole region, their whole 
country won for Christ. . . . They 
want to be part of something big- 
ger than themselves" (p. 212). 

Step Two: Develop, maintain, 
and use a solid base of data. 

Leaders of successful outreach 
strategies "not only have their 
heads in the clouds but have their 
feet on the ground. They see that 
the way to accomplish their dreams 
is not through sentimental, emo- 
tional fantasizing, but through a 
concrete understanding of their 
situation" (p. 213). 

It is possible to become preoccu- 
pied with research data when, in- 
stead, the amount of information 
needed for planning is not over- 
whelming. The details needed fall 
into two categories: (1) informa- 
tion about the community the 
church wants to reach; and (2) in- 
formation about the church's own 

Develop a solid base of data. 

history of outreach and its re- 
sources available for evangelizing 
that community. 

Step Three: Set challenging, 
realistic, and measurable goals. 

"Challenging goals stir up and 
mobilize the people. . . . Realistic 
goals are set so as not to discour- 
age people. . . . Measurable goals 
are set so the people can rejoice 
in their achievement" (p. 213). 

You've heard the quotation, "I 
shot an arrow into the air. It fell 
to earth, I know not where." You 
lose a lot of arrows that way! 
Goals give a church something to 
shoot for collectively, and they 
give us a benchmark for evaluat- 
ing how effective we've been. 

Montgomery says that "goals set 
under the guidance of the Spirit 
are 'the substance of things hoped 
for, the evidence of things not seen' 
(Hebrews 11:1)" (p. 214). 

Step Four: Achieve 
goal ownership 

Involve the congregation in set- 
ting the goals. One way to accom- 
plish this is to include a form in 
the Sunday bulletin asking in- 
dividuals to indicate how much 
growth they can trust God for 
over, say, the next five years. 

We used such a process regard- 
ing growth in Sunday school and 
worship attendance when I was 
pastoring. Some had little faith 
that the church could grow; oth- 
ers had faith that far outstripped 
mine. The average was for a 10 
percent per year increase in wor- 
ship attendance and a 9.25 per- 
cent increase in Sunday school at- 
tendance. The church continues to 
reach and exceed those goals be- 
cause those attending the church 

February 1994 


"Following all the principles of evangelism and church growth does not 
automatically produce an effective outreach strategy. Generally, little out- 
reach happens without concerted prayer for the lost " 

had a part in setting the goals and 
accepted their share of responsi- 
bility for seeing them accomplished. 

Step Five: Give a name 
to your program. 

Montgomery asks, "How would 
your children feel if they were 
given no names? Lost, ignored, un- 
important! So a program needs a 
strong identity if it is to be sup- 
ported and completed. Give it a 
good name" (p. 214). 

Step Six: Develop a functional 
organizational structure. 

Growing churches often have to 
adapt or totally redesign their or- 
ganization. Merely changing the 
organization will generally not 
cause a church to grow, but change 
may be necessary to accommo- 
date and capitalize on growth. 

One example is the local church 
governing board. Win Arn has said 
that in a typical growing church, 
one of every five members of the 
church board is a person who 
started attending that church 
within the past two years (The 
Church Growth Ratio Book, Pasa- 
dena, California: Church Growth 
Press, 1987, pp. 14-15). 

For many churches, that poses 
a problem — new members are not 
well known and thus fare poorly in 
"popularity contests" (alias, church 
elections). Church growth consul- 
tant George Hunter has suggested 
that churches permit the appoint- 
ment of some new members to 
their board, thus expanding board 
size slightly but not requiring the 
removal of valued and experi- 
enced board members. 

Step Seven: Depend on prayer 
and the power of the Spirit. 

Following all the principles of 
evangelism and church growth does 
not automatically produce an ef- 
fective outreach strategy. Gener- 
ally, little outreach happens with- 

out concerted prayer for the lost. 

Too often we pray, "Lord, help 
the missionaries," without remem- 
bering them to Him by name and 
by specific needs. Likewise, too 
often we pray, "Lord, help us reach 
the lost in our community" with- 
out being very specific about those 
who need to be reached for Christ 
and about their particular life sit- 

Sunday school classes and home 
Bible study/share groups would be 
blessed by spending part of their 
time together praying for specific 
persons who need to know Christ 
as saving Lord. Another helpful 
approach is to have a time in each 
worship service for prayer for lost 

Concerts of prayer and prayer 
vigils for the lost may also prove 
effective in appropriating the power 
of the Holy Spirit in outreach 

Step Eight: Keep your members 
motivated and informed. 

Outreach ministries that hap- 
pen in secret generate little en- 
thusiasm or broad support from 
the congregation. The church needs 
to hear about: 

• training opportunities; 

• changed lives as a result of 
outreach ministries; 

• practical ways they may be- 
come involved in outreach. 

Step Nine: Train your 

We usually do not participate 
in a ministry that we do not un- 
derstand or don't know how to ac- 
complish. Sharing the faith seems 
to come naturally for new believ- 
ers; those of us who have been 
people of faith for some time may 
have lost our enthusiasm or abil- 
ity for sharing that faith. 

Outreach strategies that effec- 
tively involve many people will 
recognize and affirm a variety of 

©DG 1990 

Train your members. 

approaches. One size does not fit 
all! Some people will prefer door- 
to-door visitation, some a "Four 
Spiritual Laws" approach, while 
others may be willing to make tele- 
phone follow-up calls. Some will 
be willing to be part of a nucleus 
for forming a new church, while 
others would lead an evangelistic 
home Bible study. Some would 
use a friendship style of evangel- 
ism with friends, relatives, work 
associates, and neighbors. Train- 
ing different persons in different 
approaches will enable them to 
reach out in ways that match their 
spiritual gifts, natural abilities, and 
Spirit-given passions. 

Step Ten: Create sound 
financial policy. 

While one-to-one evangelism 
requires little or no money in and 
of itself, mobilizing a congrega- 
tion to action does. Few (probably 
no) Brethren churches invest too 
much money in local evangelism 
and outreach. Effective outreach 
strategies will require funds for 
training, materials, advertising, 
and research. 

In the event that a church has 


The Brethren Evangelist 

"The purpose of an evangelism strategy is not to reach an end but to 
come to points of new beginning. Our evangelism emphasis may only 
end when every person in the world is won to Christ or when the Lord 
returns to consummate this age. " 

j/^ \ Advertising /S> 

/ Research \ / \ 
\X Materials 


Effective outreach strategies 
will require funds. 

limited funds, ministries which 
receive financial expenditures 
may have to be measured against 
their effectiveness at accomplish- 
ing the Great Commission. Some 
good ministries may have to be 
laid aside to accomplish greater 
ministries of outreach, evangelism, 
and mission. 

Step Eleven: Send out 

Not everyone who needs to be 
reached in our communities will 
be won to our own congregations. 
Even rural communities today in- 
clude groups of persons from a 
variety of socio-economic back- 
grounds, ethnic groups, and alter- 
native lifestyles. In our own com- 
munities we may need to commis- 
sion and support cross-cultural 
witnesses who can present the 
gospel in ways that will be under- 
standable to those who are "not 
like us." 

Studies have also shown that 
churches that have a strong em- 
phasis on world missions may 
also be more sensitive to outreach 
in their local community. The 
strategy of the local church, out- 
lined in Acts 1:8, calls for reach- 
ing our own communities (Jeru- 
salem), our broader area (Judea), 
those within geographical reach 
but of different cultural back- 
grounds (Samaria), and the world. 
Our local outreach ministries must 

not deter us from the broader 
mission of Christ to "every na- 
tion, tribe, people, and language" 
(Revelation 7:9). 

Step Twelve: Regularly 
evaluate progress. 

Montgomery says, The strength 
of having measurable goals is 
that it is always possible to see 
just where you are in relation to 
those goals. . . . Leaders . . . must 
constantly be aware of progress 
being made toward goals, prob- 
lems that are arising in any of 
these 13 steps we are presenting, 
and new opportunities and trends 
in their community, region, and 
nation" (pp. 218-219). 

Evaluation is the one thing that 
most of us avoid like the plague. 
We fear evaluation because it 
may reveal failure. But evalu- 
ation may also reveal successes, 
challenges, and new leadings of 
the Holy Spirit. An annual as- 
sessment of progress will keep an 
outreach strategy on track with 
what is happening and headed 
where God is leading. 

Step Thirteen: Make 
new plans. 

I've heard of one church that, 
upon completing the Passing On 
the Promise process, said, "Now 

that we are done with evangelism, 
we can get on to other things." 
The purpose of an evangelism 
strategy is not to reach an end 
but to come to points of new be- 
ginning. Our evangelism empha- 
sis may only end when every per- 
son in the world is won to Christ 
or when the Lord returns to con- 
summate this age. 

Evaluation will suggest new 
goals, new ministries, new ap- 
proaches, new people-groups need- 
ing to be reached. Careful plan- 
ning will lead to further outreach 
and additional people won to sav- 
ing faith in Jesus Christ. 

Now what? If your church is 
participating in Passing On the 
Promise or is involved in another 
outreach emphasis, evaluate your 
implementation of the process 
with these thirteen steps. What 
are its strengths? What are its 
weaknesses? How may you build 
on the strengths and overcome 
the weaknesses? 

If your church does not have a 
corporate outreach strategy, use 
these steps in formulating an ef- 
fective and aggressive ministry 
for evangelizing your community. 
The Lord expects our best, and 
He expects us to be reaching the 
lost in our communities. [t] 

Regularly evaluate progress and make new plans. 

February 1994 


Brethren Church Ministries 

That Comes Naturally 

they are supposed to be wit- 
nesses to their faith in Jesus 
Christ. They want to be wit- 
nesses. But they just don't know 
how. Or they've tried to bear wit- 
ness to their faith, but it hasn't 
gone quite as smoothly as they 
would like. 

If that describes you, the Living 
Proof small-group video discus- 
sion series is for you! 

No special talent needed 

According to NavPress, pub- 
lishers of Living Proof, "Witness- 
ing can be as natural as a cup of 
coffee with a neighbor or a lively 
tennis game with a co-worker. 
You don't need a special talent for 
it. You only need to find common 
ground with non-Christians, com- 
municate in a way they can relate 
to, and demonstrate a friendly, 
Bible-centered lifestyle in their 
midst." You, too, can become "liv- 
ing proof" of the Good News of 
saving faith in Jesus Christ. 

Churches that are in Level One 
of the Passing On the Promise 

"Witnessing can be as natural 
as a cup of coffee with a 
neighbor or a lively tennis 
game with a co-worker.** 

process will be offering Living 
Proof this winter or spring. Most 
will offer the study in home dis- 
cussion groups, Sunday evening/ 
midweek services, or in Sunday 
school classes. You'll want to par- 
ticipate in the study when it is 
offered in your church. 

The study includes twelve ses- 
sions. Each session includes: warm- 
up questions; a video segment 
(ten to twenty minutes in length); 
discussion questions; prayer time; 

take-home action projects; 
and an optional mini- 
Bible study. 

During the course of 
the twelve sessions, par- 
ticipants will develop 
closer relationships with 
one another through small 
prayer groups. You'll even 
create your own TMWL 
(Ten Most Wanted List- 
ten non-believers you'd 
like to see come to faith in 
Jesus Christ. 

Session topics include: 

• The Culture Gap 

• Our Spiritual Resources 

• Mini-Decisions 

• Finding Common 

• Being a Good Testi- 

• Time and Teamwork 

• Sparking Interest with Ques- 

• Making the Decision 

As you watch each video seg- 
ment, you'll join members of a 
lifestyle evangelism class as they, 
too, learn to be "living proof in 
their daily contacts. The drama is 
real — you'll see them struggle 
with challenging questions and 
share in their discoveries. And 
you'll learn from their successes 
and failures as well. 

Each participant in the study 
will receive a comprehensive dis- 
cussion guide with helpful insights, 
discussion questions, and space 
to take notes. 

No high pressure 

While lessons include action 
projects, no one will force you to 
do something you don't want to 
do. This course is not a pretense 
to get you involved in a cold-call 
visitation program or anything 

such as that. Instead, it will 
give you the help you need and 
want to be a witness in the day- 
to-day encounters of your life. 

The Northgate Community 
Brethren Church of Manteca, 
California, used Living Proof in 
its adult and high school Sunday 
school classes last winter. Pastor 
Roger Stogsdill says, "People who 
perceive themselves to be unable 
to 'knock on doors' or remember 
lengthy systems of presenting 
their faith said they felt they 
could easily do the things sug- 
gested in Living Proof." 

Make every effort to take part 
in this life-changing study. You 
may find that you, too, will be- 
come "living proof." [ft] 

Note: Churches not participating 
in Passing On the Promise and indi- 
viduals interested in this study may 
also purchase the Living Proof small- 
group video series from The Brethren 
Church National Office for the special 
discounted price of $99. 00. 


The Brethren Evangelist 



Cheyenne, Wyo., Brethren Church Celebrates 
Completion of Ten-Year Remodeling Project 

Cheyenne, Wyo. — Members 
and friends of the Cheyenne 
Brethren Church celebrated the 
completion of a ten-year build- 
ing and remodeling project on 
their church building on Sun- 
day evening, November 21, with 
a dedication service and Thanks- 
giving dinner. 

The ten-year project included 
enlarging and remodeling the 
sanctuary; adding two class- 
rooms, a pastor's office, a rest- 
room for the handicapped, a new 
kitchen, and a storeroom; re- 
modeling the basement; con- 
structing a wheelchair ramp; and 

Exterior view of the remodeled Cheyenne Church 

Some of the 106 people who attended the dedication service and Thanksgiving dinner. 

Pastoral Family Retreat 
To be Held April 19 to 21 

Elkhart, Ind. — The 1994 Pastoral 
Family Retreat (or Pastors' Conference) 
will be held April 19-21 at the Brown 
County State Park near Nashville, Ind. 
Speakers for the retreat will be Dr. 
Charles Lake and Dr. Jay Kesler. Dr. 
Lake is the founding pastor of Commu- 
nity Church of Greenwood, Ind., a 
unique 15-year-old interdenomina- 
tional congregation with an annual mis- 
sions budget of more than a half-million 
dollars. In addition to his pastoral du- 
ties, Dr. Lake serves as an adjunct pro- 
fessor at Anderson School of Theology, 
Bethel College Graduate School in 
Mishawaka, Ind., and at the Indianapo- 
lis extension of Trinity Evangelical Di- 

February 1994 

vinity School. Dr. Lake, along with a 
drama team from his church, will con- 
duct a worship service on the opening 
evening (Tuesday) of the retreat. 

Dr. Kesler is president of Taylor Uni- 
versity, an interdenominational Chris- 
tian liberal arts institution located in 
Upland and Fort Wayne, Ind. He has 
also been active in Youth for Christ min- 
istries in various positions, is the author 
of 15 books, and has written articles for 
numerous evangelical publications. Dr. 
Kesler will speak on Wednesday morn- 
ing and evening of the retreat. 

Another feature of the retreat will be 
a time of worship and praise on Thurs- 
day morning led by the Singing Thomas 
Family (former Brethren pastor Rev. 
Rod Thomas, his wife Barb, and their 
children Tim and Tiffany). 

Pastors are encouraged to bring wives 

making other improvements. The pro- 
ject cost more than $250,000, but by 
dedication day more than $175,000 of 
that had been paid. 

Ground-breaking for the building/ 
remodeling project was 
held in the fall of 1983, 
with then pastor Rev. Al- 
bert Curtright and build- 
ing committee chair Bill 
Pauli presiding. In June of 
the following year, Rev. 
Curtright retired, and the 
current pastor, Rev. G. 
Emery Hurd, began serv- 
ing the congregation. The 
work of enlarging and re- 
modeling the sanctuary 
was completed in 1986, 
and the sanctuary, which 
will seat about 200, was 
building. dedicated on Easter Sun- 

day of that year. 

Approximately 105 people attended 
the November 1993 dedication service 
and Thanksgiving dinner, including for- 
mer pastor Rev. Albert Curtright and 
his wife, and former interim pastor Al- 
wyn D. Wegner and his wife and daugh- 
ter. Pastor Hurd conducted the service. 
Poems they had written for the occasion 
were read by Carol McAffee and June 

The Cheyenne Brethren Church was 
organized on August 25, 1944, under 
the leadership of Frank Garber. Land 
for a church building was purchased in 
1947 and the completed building was 
dedicated in 1949. At the end of 1993 the 
membership of the congregation was 70, 
with an average Sunday worship at- 
tendance in 1993 of 53. 

— reported by Alice M. Tharp 

and children to the retreat. Child care 
will be provided for very young children, 
and an entertaining agenda is planned 
for other children. 

Registration fees for the retreat 
(which cover lodging, program, and all 
meals except Wednesday lunch) are 
$210 for couples and $115 for individu- 
als (double occupancy; $165 single occu- 
pancy). The charge is $38 for children 12 
and older, $25 for children 3 to 11, with 
no charge for children under 3. 

Arrival time is Tuesday afternoon 
(April 19), with the retreat getting un- 
derway that evening at 6:00 with din- 
ner. The retreat will conclude at noon on 
Thursday (April 21). 

Churches are encouraged to make it 
possible for pastors and their families to 
attend this time of spiritual refresh- 
ment, fellowship, and blessing. 




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Brethren Fellowship of the Savior Begins 
Construction of Its Own Church Facility 

Cleveland, Ohio — After much strug- 
gle and sacrifice, construction has fi- 
nally begun on the initial church facil- 
ity of the Brethren Fellowship of the 

Nearly every step of the way has been 
an uphill battle. Only at the beginning 
was it easy. When the church started 
with 15 members in 1983, they had plenty 
of room in the beautiful little Lutheran 
Church on Taylor Avenue in Shaker 
Heights, Ohio. Trinity Lutheran Church 
of Ashland, Ohio, paid the rent. 

But this sanctuary that could easily 
accommodate 200 was soon filled. 
Brethren Fellowship struggled to find a 

place in which to worship, sing, and 
hear the word preached. Finally, St. 
Benedictine offered its facilities — at 
$2,000 a month! Attendance reached 

The church elders searched and 
searched for land. They find ten acres in 
Solon, Ohio, and buy it. But guess what: 
they are refused a building permit! 
Then 13 acres are located in East Cleve- 
land/Warrensville Heights, close to In- 
terstate 271, Interstate 480, and Cha- 
grin Boulevard — an excellent location 
costing $240,000. 

But the mayor of Cleveland and the 
mayor of Warrensville get into a tug of 

war over the property. Pastor Ron Wil- 
liams must spend time each day at city 
hall smoothing feathers and pulling 
strings. The struggle reaches the front 
page of the Cleveland newspaper. Fi- 
nally, the president of Cleveland's city 
council votes in favor of the church. But 
council requires another $125,000 in 
"site preparation." 

An architect is hired and plans are 
drawn, costing another $90,000. Fi- 
nancing now becomes the big issue. 
Banks hesitate; one promises, then re- 
neges. Finally, Star Bank (the smaller 
one in town) offers a $1.3 million loan. 
But the church is required to have 
$400,000 on deposit. 

The people sacrifice: they empty their 
savings accounts, take out second mort- 
gages, take on second jobs, limit their 
Christmas giving, and pray for some 
special gifts. Pastor Williams gives his 
personal "record account"; the Burling- 
ton, Ind., First Brethren Church and 
the Missionary Board of the Brethren 
Church each lend $50,000. 

The church building of the Brethren 
Fellowship of the Savior will be the larg- 
est Brethren church facility ever built in 
an American city. It will seat 1,350! The 
completion date is set for this June. 

God is already honoring this vision 
and sacrifice. One evening last August 
during General Conference, 54 new Chris- 
tians were baptized by trine immersion 
into the membership of the church. 

— reported by Dr. Joseph R. Shultz 

Linwood Brethren Take Tour 
Of Brethren Historical Sites 

Linwood, Md. — A Brethren Heritage 
Tour was part of the annual missionary 
conference held last November at the 
Linwood Brethren Church. 

Twenty-eight people met at the Lin- 
wood Church building at 8:00 a.m. on a 
Saturday morning for the all-day tour. 
The first stop, after a 2 1/2-hour bus ride, 
was at the Germantown Church of the 
Brethren, Philadelphia, Pa. This is the 
location of the first Brethren meeting 
house to be built in America (con- 
structed in 1770). The members of the 
Linwood group were given a tour of the 
building and also shown an informative 
video about the history of the church. 

Following lunch, the next stop on the 
tour was the site on the Wissahickon 
Creek, where, on December 25, 1723, 
the first Brethren baptism in America 
was held. As a result of viewing this site 
and of talking about the importance of 
baptism, two of the women on the tour 
decided that they wanted to be baptized 
by trine immersion. (Their baptism was 


to take place on Sunday, January 30, 
1994, in the new stainless steel baptis- 
try of the Linwood Brethren Church, 

Linwood Pastor Bob Keplinger and his as- 
sistant, Ronald Miller, Sr., in front of the 
Germantown church building, the first Breth- 
ren meeting house in America. 

quite a contrast to the cold waters of the 

Wissahickon Creek!) 

After this chilly visit to the stream, 
tour members boarded the warm bus 
and traveled to the Ephrata Cloister 
at Ephrata, Pa. There they toured 
the grounds and learned more about 
these early Brethren, who splintered 
from the main group and followed 
Conrad Beissel, a leader who encour- 
aged communal living, celibacy, sev- 
enth-day observance, and a rigorous 
and austere lifestyle. 

Apparently unconvinced that they 
should imitate the Ephrata way of 
life, the Linwood group went next to 
the Family Times — a Pennsylvania 
Dutch restaurant where you can eat 
all you want — for their evening meal. 
They then returned to Linwood. 

— reported by Pastor Bob Keplinger 

Here is the answer to stress, regardless 
of its origin, nature, or intensity: Let the 
pressure drive you to the Source of all 
your strength, peace, and stability — the 
person of Jesus Christ. 

— From A Touch of His Peace by Charles 
Stanley (ZondervanPublishingHouse, 1993) 

The Brethren Evangelist 


Bradenton Church Honors Rev. Buck Garrett 
For His Thirty-Five Years as a Brethren Pastor 

Bradenton, Fla. — An unsuspecting 
Pastor Buck Garrett was the honoree at 
a Thanksgiving dinner held November 
21 at the Bradenton Brethren Church. 

Rev. Garrett, who 
has served the 
Bradenton congrega- 
tion for the past four 
years, was honored 
for his total of 35 
years as a Brethren 
pastor. Since entering 
the pastoral ministry 
at age 23, Rev. Gar- 
rett has served Breth- 
ren congregations in 
Matteson, Mich.; 
Cheyenne, Wyo.; 
Lathrop, Calif.; Fort 
Scott, Kans. (as well 
as the Paint Creek 
Church of the Breth- 
ren); Muncie, Ind.; 
Dutchtown, Ind.; and 
Bradenton, Fla. 

Approximately 60 
church members and guests attended 
the dinner at which Pastor Garrett was 
honored. Special guests were the pas- 
tor's mother, Lora Garrett, from Mus- 
kogee, Oklahoma; and one of Rev. and 
Mrs. (Sarah) Garrett's four sons, James 
W. Garrett, pastor of the Lanark, 111., 
Brethren Church. 

Remarks — humorous and 

about Rev. Garrett were made by Bra- 
denton moderator Enos Shrock. Jim 
Garrett, on behalf of himself and his 
three brothers, gave a beautiful testi- 

Moderator Enos Shrock (r.), on behalf of the Bradenton Brethren 
Church, presents Pastor Buck Garrett a plaque honoring him for his 
35 years in pastoral ministry. 

mony about their father. Moderator 
Shrock presented Pastor Garrett with a 
beautiful plaque that reads, "Presented 
to Rev. Buck Garrett in honor of his 35 
years in faithful ministry." 

The Garrett's daughter-in-law, Eliza- 
beth, closed the program with a beauti- 
ful message in song. 

— reported by Hillary Pemelman 


New Paris, Ind. — Thirteen people were received as members of the New Paris First Brethren 
Church on Nov. 7, and a 14th on Dec. 26. Thirteen of the 14 were received by baptism, all 
baptized in Lake Waubee at Camp Mack (five in late October!). Shown in the group picture are 
(1st row, I. to r.) Keeton Zartman, Kenny Sweet, Kelsey Hoover, Diane Stout, (2nd row) Kyla 
Zartman, Rebekah Hardesty, Aadam Nicholson, Trina Hoover, (3rd row) Penny & LeRoy Zart- 
man, Jason Culp, Pastor Brad Hardesty, and Stephen & Laura Byrd In the insert, Joshua Culp. 

February 1994 

World Relief Helping With 
Church-Based Response to 
S. California Earthquake 

Wheaton, 111. — World Relief of the 
National Association of Evangelicals 
and a coalition of churches in southern 
California are mounting a united Chris- 
tian relief response to meet the needs of 
California earthquake survivors. 

Christian leaders who led a similar 
response to the Midwest floods will join 
World Relief workers on the scene to 
help guide the church-based response. 

This is exciting to see churches band- 
ing together as they did after the floods," 
reported David Loudon, Disaster Re- 
sponse Director for World Relief. "Based 
on our experience in Iowa, it's the church 
that stays long after the disaster is over 
meeting the deep needs of people." 

During the Midwest floods last year, 
World Relief helped the newly-formed 
Christian Relief Effort (CRE), an inter- 
denominational, 52-church strong coali- 
tion. These Christians manned volun- 
teer clean-up crews, provided building 
supplies, offered trauma counseling — 
all with a Christian perspective. 

Gary Jones, director of CRE and pas- 
tor of First Assembly of God Church in 
Des Moines, is assisting World Relief 
staff in California to help churches mount 
a similar united evangelical response. 
The coalition of churches will coordinate 
its ministries from the First Assembly 
of God Church in North Hollywood. 

Bas Vanderzalm, World Reliefs in- 
ternational ministries director, is also 
in southern California working with 
World Reliefs local Garden Grove office 
to help coalition churches identify vic- 
tims who are "falling through the cracks," 
such as the disabled, foreign nationals, 
etc., and meeting with denominational 
leaders to help local churches define 
meaningful ways to assist victims. 

World Relief is also in contact with 
other evangelical churches in the earth- 
quake area in order to remain updated 
on current and evolving needs. 

Brethren can support World Reliefs 
church-based relief efforts in California 
by sending contributions to The Breth- 
ren Church, 524 College Ave., Ashland, 
OH 44805. Please indicate that your 
contribution is for "Earthquake Relief." 

Suffering is God's way of helping us 
get our minds on the hereafter. God 
wishes to instill within each of us a 
strong desire for the imperishable, for 
the incorruptible, for the inheritance 
that never perishes, spoils, or fades. 

— From Diamonds in the Dust by Joni Eareck- 
son Tada (ZondervanPublishingHouse, 1993) 





Telephone interviews of Brethren peo- 
ple by Norman Edwards, the facilita- 
tor working with the Special Committee 
on Financial and Organizational Plan- 
ning, are to begin the week of February 
7. Edwards and his staff will be calling 
100 Brethren, half of them lay people and 
half clergy, with each district represent- 
ed in the 100 according to its size. Ed- 
wards will present his findings to the 
General Conference Executive Council 
at its March 17-18 meeting. 

"Friend Day" on December 5 at the 
Bradenton, Fla., Brethren Church 

created some excitement when 122 peo- 
ple attended the Celebration Service 
and 82 of them stayed for the fellowship 
meal that followed. The six weeks of 
effort leading up to Friend Day paid off, 
for attendance on that day was double 
the normal attendance, and several of 
those who came for that occasion are 
continuing to attend. 

Dr. Leslie E. and Ida Lindower 

were recognized for their many years of 
service to Brethren Care nursing facil- 
ity in Ashland, Ohio, by having one of 
the rooms in the new Brethren Care 
Village facility named in their honor. 
(See page 15 of the January Evangelist 
for an article about this new facility.) 
Lindower Hall is the dining room/multi- 
purpose area in the new facility, which 
was dedicated on January 16. The late 
Dr. Lindower was a member of the Board 
of Directors of Brethren Care for a num- 
ber of years and, during his retirement, 
served for 17 years as chaplain to the 
residents. Mrs. Lindower continues to 
put in many volunteer hours at the nurs- 
ing facility visiting and reading to res- 
idents, writing letters for them, and 
ministering to them in other ways. 

Not to be outdone by President Clin- 
ton, Rev. Kenneth Hunn, pastor of the 
Nappanee, Ind., First Brethren Church, 
presented his own State of the Union 
(Church) address on Sunday, January 
16. Though similar in concept to the 
State of the Union address, some things 
were different: no formal announcement 
of Rev. Hunn's arrival to speak, no ap- 


plause during the address, and cer- 
tainly no opportunity for a dissenting 
speech afterward. But like the Presi- 
dent's, Rev. Hunn's address pointed out 
past accomplishments, current defi- 
ciencies, and future solutions. It also 
examined the church according to bibli- 
cal standards, looked at the congrega- 
tion's particularly vision and mission in 
the Nappanee community, and gave the 
members of the congregation an oppor- 
tunity for commitment. 

The Goshen, Ind., First Brethren 
Church recently received a new brass 
chancel cross, presented to the church 

in honor of Wilbur and Helen Whittle 

on the occasion of their 65th wedding 
anniversary (see Goldenairea below). 
The cross was given by the Whittles' 
daughter and son-in-law, Pat and David 
Bartholomew, and their children. 

Moderator-Elect James Koontz, pas- 
tor of the Louisville, Ohio, First Breth- 
ren Church, will be the speaker at the 
Ohio District Conference, to be held 
March 12 from 8:30 a.m. to 3:15 p.m. at 
the Gretna Brethren Church near Belle- 
fontaine, Ohio. Moderator James Rowsey, 
pastor of the Smith ville, Ohio, Brethren 
Church, will preside at the Conference. 

Newark, Ohio — 
A newly formed 
puppet team pre- 
sented a Christ- 
mas program 
December 19 at 
Newark Breth- 
ren Church. The 
puppets were 
made by Peggy 
Cole and the 
stage by Rev. 
Jerald Radcliff. 
Puppeteers were 
Angle Boyce, 
Whitney Snedeker, 
Tiffany Ford, 
Jennifer and 
Peggy Cole. 

— reported by 
Pastor Steve Cole 

In Memory 

Margaret E. James, 94, January 17. Member of 
the Pleasant View Brethren Church. (No funeral 
service was held.) 

Martha Stewart, 98, January 14. Member and 
deaconess at the Pleasant View Brethren Church, 
where she served as a Sunday school teacher, 
faithful attender and encourager, and was a char- 
ter member of the local Woman's Missionary 
Society. Services by Pastor R. Keith Hensley. 
Blanche Price, 93, January 1 1 . Lifelong member 
and deaconess for many years at the Vinco Breth- 
ren Church. Services by Pastor Jim Tomb. 
Kenneth C. Erbsen, 62, January 7. Member and 
longtime deacon at the Lanark First Brethren 
Church, where he was moderator at the time of 
his death and had served on various committees 
and was involved in many local church activities. 
He was also president of the Illinois Holstein 
Association. Services by Pastor Jim Garrett and 
Rev. Bob Schubert. 

Dorothy Stuzman, 88, January 2. Faithful mem- 
ber for 66 years of the Warsaw First Brethren 
Church. Services by Pastor Mitchell Funkhouser. 
Helen Dumire, 97, December 31. Member since 
1938 of the Waterloo Hammond Avenue Breth- 
ren Church. Services by Pastor Ronald L. Waters. 
Carrie Zinn, 91, December 31. Charter member 
of the Flora First Brethren Church (and the 
church's final charter member to pass away). 
Ethel V. Hagerich, 88, December 29. Lifelong 

member of the Vinco Brethren Church, where 
she served as Sunday school greeter and was a 
member of the W.M.S. Services by Pastor Jim 

Edna Deibert, 90, December 26. Member for 79 
years of the St. James Brethren Church. Services 
by Pastor Brian Moore. 

Carleton D. Cory, Sr., 88, December 21. Mem- 
ber of the Flora First Brethren Church. Services 
by Pastor Alvin Grumbling. 
Dale Jennings, 81, October 12. Longtime friend 
of the Warsaw First Brethren Church. Services 
by Pastor Mitchell Funkhouser. 


John and Eleanor Porte, 55th, January 8. Mem- 
bers of the South Bend First Brethren Church. 
Mr. Porte served from 1959 to 1967 as Field 
Secretary of The Brethren Church. 
Wilbur and Helen Whittle, December 1. Mem- 
bers of the Goshen First Brethren Church. (This 
was incorrectly reported as Wilbur and Helen 
Gorsuch in the January Evangelist. Our apolo- 
gies to the Whittles.) 

Membership Growth 

Bradenton: 2 by baptism 

Cheyenne: 2 by baptism, 2 by transfer 

Pleasant Hill: 3 by baptism, 1 by transfer 

Pleasant View: 1 by baptism, 2 by transfer 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Little Crusader 

Jesus said, "Let the children come to me, and do not hinder 
them; for to such belongs the kingdom of heaven" (Matt. 19:14). 

Hi boys and girls! 

Did you send your valentines to your friends and relatives yet? My boys 
enjoy getting a list of the names of the children in their classes at school and 
choosing just the right valentine for each class member. It's also fun to receive 
valentines in the mail from people you care about and who care about you. 

You know, Jesus gave us a very big valentine — the Bible — to teach us about 
love. Did you know that the word love is used in the Bible more than 500 times? 

The Bible also tells us how much we should love one another. There are 
many places in the Bible that tell us that we should love others as much as we 
love ourselves. 

Since Jesus tells us so much about love, we should find it easy to remember 
how much He loves us and how much we should love one another. Let's re- 
member this month to tell others we love them or to send them valentines to 
show them our love. 


Look up these verses in the 
Bible. Find the missing words 
and write them in the blanks. 

1. Love your _ as 


Mark 12:31' 

2. I love you, O Lord, my 

Psalm 18:1 

3. As the 

has loved 

me, so have I loved you. 
John 15:9 

4. Now 

love one another 

deeply, from the . 

1 Peter 1 :22 " 

•Quotations from the Bible are taken from 
the New International Version. 

Use the Code Key to decode this 
message in order to find out 
what Jesus wants us to do. 

Code Key 

33- A 
77 -B 
51 - D 
80- E 
93- H 
17- I 
20- J 

26- L 
45 -N 
66 -O 
40 = R 
79 -S 
36 -T 
83 -U 
10- V 


77 80 26 17 80 10 80 17 45 

20 80 79 83 79 19 93 40 17 79 36 

Color me. 

33 45 51 26 66 10 80 

66 45 80 33 45 66 36 93 80 40. 

February 1994 


February is 
Have a Heart" Month 


This month you have the opportunity 
to have a heart for the lost in your com- 

Who are the lost? All who have not 
accepted the love and forgiveness of 
Jesus Christ and who have not made Him 
Lord of their lives. Many in our commu- 
nities are lost and headed for an eternity 
of separation from God. 

You can help reach the lost by giving to 
the "Have a Heart" offering this month. 
Brethren churches will receive an offering 
this month — many on February 13. Up 
to one-half of the gift you give through 
your local church will provide funding to 
help with local outreach ministry. 

The other half will help The Brethren 
Church with supporting costs for Passing 
On the Promise nationwide. 

Our goal this month is $5.00 per per- 
son or $10.00 per family. That's only a 
small amount per person, but it has the 
potential of paying big dividends for God's 
kingdom as He multiplies the gifts of 
Brethren people across the country. 

Thank you for your generous gift. And 
may God give you His heart for the lost! 

Give through your local church, or send 
your gift to: 

Have a Heart 

The Brethren Church 

524 College Ave. 
Ashland, OH 44805 





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Readers' Forum 

A column in which readers can share their thoughts and views with the Brethren. 

Love is Action 

THIS LETTER is in response to 
[the] article titled "Love as a 
Command" in the February 1994 
issue of the EVANGELIST [p. 2]. 

I am frustrated again by someone 
taking the commands of Scripture 
only part of the way when talking 
about love. This concept is perhaps 
the most misunderstood aspect of 
Christianity, and until we take God's 
word at face value we will continue 
to struggle with this problem. 

I agree with the assessment that 
this stems from contaminated think- 
ing. We have allowed the world's 
concept of love as a feeling to per- 
vade our thinking in the church. 
But the Bible says no such thing. 
According to God, love is action, not 

First Corinthians 13:4-7 makes 
this abundantly clear: "Love is pa- 
tient, love is kind. It does not envy, 
it does not boast, it is not proud. It 
is not rude, it is not self-seeking, it 
is not easily angered, it keeps no 
record of wrongs. Love does not 
delight in evil but rejoices with the 
truth. It always protects, always 
trusts, always hopes, always perse- 

If you can find a focus on feeling 
anywhere in that, please let me 

I certainly don't want to deny that 
there is an aspect of our feelings 
keyed to love, but that feeling very 
readily follows when we make the 
choice to be 
obedient to 

Give to everyone who asks you 

All of this, done without animosity 

in our hearts, constitutes love. 

Finally, love is a commitment of 
our will. We must commit ourselves 
to love as God loves, to give as He 
gives, to act as He calls us to act, 
whether we have feelings or not. 

We choose to be obedient. 

"By this all will know that you are 
my disciples, if you have love for one 
another" (John 13:35). We cannot 
see feelings. We can see actions. We 
Brethren need to love one another. 

Ray Hesketh 
New Lebanon, Ohio 

What Has God Done in Your Life? 

How has God worked in your life? Has He done a wondrous deed? Has 
He acted in your life in a specific and dramatic way? Have you received a 
particular answer to prayer? If so, I'd like to share your experience with other 
members of The Brethren Church through the pages of the Evangelist. 

I read about such experiences in other magazines. The regular features 
"His Mysterious Ways" and "This Thing Called Prayer" in Guideposts maga- 
zine come particularly to mind. I believe that Brethren people are also having 
these kinds of experiences. I also believe that we ought to build up one 
another in the faith by sharing these experiences, by declaring God's 
wonderful deeds in our lives. 

If you have had such an experience and would be willing to share it with 
others, please write it out and send it to me. I will then decided whether it is 
suitable for publication in the Evangelist. 

Don't worry about producing a polished article. Just concentrate on writing 
out your experience as clearly as possible. I'll work with you on preparing it 
for publication. A maximum of 500 words is suggested. Typewritten articles 
are preferred, but handwritten articles are acceptable. 

Send your article to: 

Richard Winfield, Editor 
The Brethren Evangelist 
524 College Ave. 
Ashland, OH 44805 

I look forward to hearing from many of you. 

Dick Winfield, Editor 

Christ and live 
out the ac- 
tion — love. 

Again, Jesus 
in Luke 6 de- 
scribes what it 
means to love 
your enemies 
when He says, 
"... do good to 
those who hate 
you, . . . pray 
for those who 
mistreat you 

Pontius' Puddle 


TRE tAlUT/\«V C 





The Brethren Evangelist 

Funderburg Library 


North Manchester, IN 46962 

March 1994 
Volume 116, Number 3 

The Brethren Evangelist 

(ISSN 0747-4288) 


Richard C. Winfield 

Children's Page 

Sandi Rowsey 

Editorial and 
Business Office 

524 College Avenue 

Ashland, OH 44805-3792 

Phone: 419-289-1708 

Published: Monthly (except 
July and August issues are 
combined) by The Brethren 
Church, Inc., 524 College Ave., 
Ashland, OH 44805-3792. Au- 
thors' views are not necessarily 
those of The Brethren Church. 

Subscription Rates: One 

year, $11.50 for 100% church 
lists; $13.50 for church lists 
of five or more names; $14.50 
for individual subscriptions. 
Single-copy price, $1.50. 

Change of Address: Please 
send notice at least three 
weeks in advance. Copy old ad- 
dress from back of magazine 
and send with new address. 

Manuscript Policy: While 
some unsolicited manuscripts 
are accepted, a query letter 
sent first describing a proposed 
manuscript is preferred. In- 
clude a self-addressed, stamped 
envelope with all manuscripts. 
Suggestions and forms for re- 
porting news items are avail- 
able upon request. 

Advertising: The Evangelist 
accepts a limited amount of ad- 
vertising per issue. Rates are 
available upon request. 

Postmaster: Please send Form 
3579 to The Brethren Church, 
524 College Ave., Ashland, OH 

Second Class Postage: Paid 
at Ashland, Ohio. 

Member: Evangelical Press 

March 1994 


A History-Making Event in the "City of Lights" 4 

by William Brady 

Las Vegas, Nevada, was the unlikely location of a gathering that could 
have a significant impact on the future of The Brethren Church west of 
the Mississippi River. 

Whatever You Did Unto One of the Least, You Did Unto Me 6 

by Mother Teresa of Calcutta 

As Christians, we are called to love others and to give whatever it 

takes to do good to them. 

A Leap of Faith by Scott Robertson 9 

When faced with the hard decisions of life, we must trust that if we 
are obedient to the Lord, we can't possibly go wrong. 

Historic Brethren Slogans About the Bible by Dale R. Stoffer 10 

The first of three articles on mottoes that have served as summaries 
of our basic beliefs about Scripture. 

Brethren World Missions 


Ministry Pages 

Brethren World Missions: My Praise and Concern 

by James R. Black 

Mexico: Of Windmills, Vision, and Hope by Tim Eagle 

A Thing Worth Doing by David Kerner 

Reaching People for Christ in India by K. Prasanth Kumar 



Readers' Forum 
Children's Page 

by Sandi Rowsey 
From the Grape Vine 






The March-April Woman's Outlook Newsletter is in the center of this issue of 
the Evangelist. 

Answers to the Little Crusader page: 

Proverbs 17:17 says that a friend loves at all times, 

Proverbs 18:24 speaks about a friend who sticks closer than a brother (or 
sister). Some people think that this Friend is Jesus. 

John 15:13 says that the greatest love of all is to lay down your life (to die) 
for your friends. This is what Jesus did for us. 

The scrambled phrase is "Friends are friends forever." 

A History-Making Event 
in the "City of Lights" 

By William Brady 

LAS VEGAS, a city built on 
gaudiness, gambling, glitter, 
and greed, has witnessed many 
historic events over the years, 
from sports events and gambling 
payoffs to quickie weddings and 
assorted human misery. 

The "City of Lights" entertained 
yet another history-making event 
January 3-5, 1994, as eight Brethren 
church-leaders from the California, 
Midwest, and Southwest Districts 
and three from the eastern U.S. 
met in Las Vegas for the first-ever 
Western Brethren Pastors Retreat. 
The event, hosted by the South- 
west District pastors, consisted of 
worship, prayer, dreaming, vision- 
sharing, planning, and encouraging 
one another in ministry. 

Those who came 

Those attending the retreat from 
California were Rev. Roger Stogsdill 
(Manteca) and Rev. Randy Best 
(Stockton). Attending from the 
Midwest District were Rev. Reilly 
Smith (Mulvane, Kans., who is 
also moderator-elect of General 
Conference) and Rev. Emery Hurd 
(Cheyenne, Wyo.). Coming from 
the Southwest District (Arizona) 
were Rev. Bill Curtis, Mr. Jim 
McNiff, Rev. Dave West (North- 
west Chapel, Tucson), and Rev. 
Bill Brady (Tucson First). Joining 
them from the East were Rev. 
Russ Gordon (General Conference 
moderator as well as Director of 
U.S. Ministries for the Missionary 
Board), Rev. Dave Cooksey (Direc- 
tor of Pastoral Ministries), and 
Rev. Mark Logan (340 Brethren 
Church, Elkton, Va.). 

The opening worship set the tone 

Rev. Brady is pastor of the Tucson, 
Ariz., First Brethren Church. 

Participants in the first-ever Western Brethren Pastors Retreat were (kneeling, 
I. to r.) Jim McNiff, Emery Hurd, Randy Best, Russ Gordon, (standing, I. to r) 
Dave Cooksey, Mark Logan, Dave West, Bill Curtis, Roger Stogsdill, Reilly Smith, 
and Bill Brady. 

for the retreat. Singing and praise 
were led by Roger Stogsdill and 
Jim McNiff. Dave West presented 
a devotional challenge from Hag- 
gai 2:1-9 which emphasized that 
our confidence for church growth 
comes from the Spirit of God, and 
therefore we have nothing to fear. 
The text emphasizes that God causes 
growth and increase, and that He 
will "shake the heavens and the 
earth .... and ... fill [His] house 
with glory" (Haggai 2:6-7). It is our 
responsibility to get to work and to 
be obedient to the leadership of the 
Holy Spirit. 

Purposes of the gathering 

Each member of the group shared 
what he hoped to gain from our 
time together. It was evident from 
this that the Holy Spirit was al- 
ready at work in the hearts of the 

participants, for each person, though 
separated by considerable distance 
from the others, was thinking 
along similar lines as the rest. 

Three key areas of agreement 
emerged: First, we are about King- 
dom business. Since it is God's 
work, it is bigger and grander than 
any of us can fathom. God is the 
source of and support for the work, 
and if we access His power, more 
can be accomplished than we ever 
dream possible. 

Second, a cooperative vision for 
future ministry is crucial. The pos- 
sibilities of what can be accom- 
plished are limitless, if we are will- 
ing to apply ourselves to dreaming, 
planning, and implementing a vi- 
sion for the work of Jesus Christ. 

Third, church planting is essen- 
tial. The challenge for church 
planting was so compelling that 

The Brethren Evangelist 

"We determined that to be effective, we must use our time together 
to do more than simply dream; we must put solid plans 'on the 
table' to be worked at and implemented." 

our prayer is that someday there 
will be as many Brethren churches 
west of the Mississippi as there are 
east of that river. 

Our time of worship concluded 
with eleven men at the Circus-Cir- 
cus hotel bowed in prayer seeking 
God leadership of our discussions, 
dreams, and directions. 

Areas of common concern 

The sessions that followed con- 
sidered areas of common concern 
to us pastors of the "far-flung dis- 
tricts" (we liked that description of 
our situation). These included such 
matters as mutual cooperation, 
needs, national and district issues, 
church planting, and pastoral sup- 
port and care. We determined that 
to be effective, we must use our 
time together to do more than sim- 
ply dream; we must put solid plans 
"on the table" to be worked at and 

We also discussed problems such 
as loneliness, isolation, lack of con- 
nection with the national offices, 
unavailability of missionaries on 
furlough to visit western churches, 
cost and difficulties of attending 
General Conference, and distance 
between Brethren churches. On the 
positive side, we shared our hopes 
and dreams of planting new Breth- 
ren churches in the West, the chal- 
lenge of discovering locations that 
would be receptive to new churches, 
and the possibilities for pastoral 
support during strenuous times. 

But the retreat was more than a 
time to share dreams, vision, and 
enthusiasm. As one participant 
stated, "[It is] put up or shut up 
time since we have shared some of 
our goals. Now that everyone 
knows what we are thinking, we 
must now act on these goals." 

Some of the decisions and plans 
we made are to be implemented in 
the near future. For example, the 
group agreed to meet again at this 
year's General Conference in Au- 
gust. Dave Cooksey will invite any 
students at Ashland Theological 

March 1994 

P 1 

Prayer was an important part of the Western Brethren Pastors Retreat. Shown 
during the closing prayer session of the gathering, held in one of the hotel rooms 
in which they stayed, are (clockwise from left) Mark Logan, Bill Curtis, Reilly 
Smith, Randy Best, Roger Stogsdill, and Jim McNiff. 

Seminary who may have an inter- 
est in working with the western 
Brethren churches to attend this 

We also decided to create a 
prayer list that would encourage 
sharing, support, and someone to 
talk to during difficult times. The 
group also accepted the challenge 
to double the number of churches 
west of the Mississippi by the end 
of the century. This would mean 
planting eleven new congregations 
in the West. 

Great Western Roundup 

Undoubtedly, the most specific 
major action resulting from this 
retreat was the scheduling of the 
first "Great Western Brethren 
Roundup," set for June 23-25, 1995, 
in Denver, Colorado. This Round- 
up will be a dreaming and plan- 
ning time for pastors and lay peo- 
ple from our western Brethren 
churches. It will provide an oppor- 
tunity for fellowship (which these 
churches often miss out on because 
of the distance between them) and 
for mutual encouragement. It will 

also be a time for worship, sharing, 
planning (with an emphasis on 
planting new churches), and for 
developing a vision for what God is 
going to do in our region. 

We also discussed at the retreat 
the possibility of merging the three 
western districts. We decided, how- 
ever, that serious consideration of 
merger at this time was premature 
due to the distance between our 
churches, legal constraints, and our 
hopes to grow. Instead, emphasis 
was placed on those areas in which 
we can already mutually cooperate 
and encourage one another. 

An exciting page of history 

We concluded the retreat with a 
time of prayer for our shared min- 
istries, the particular needs faced 
by our more isolated churches, and 
the needs of our pastoral families. 
Special prayer was offered for the 
city that hosted our meeting, 
which once again witnessed a page 
of history being written in its 
midst. For us Brethren, it was an 
exciting page that promises an in- 
teresting future. [t] 

Whatever You Did 

Unto One of the Least, 

You Did Unto Me 

The following is the full text of an 
address presented by Mother Teresa to 
the National Prayer Breakfast, held 
February 3 in Washington, D.C. The 
address was received with much ap- 
plause by many of those who attended 
that gathering. 

ON THE LAST DAY, Jesus will say 
to those on His right hand, "Come, 
enter the Kingdom. For I was hungry 
and you gave me food, I was thirsty and 
you gave me drink, I was sick and you 
visited me." 

Then Jesus will turn to those on His 
left hand and say, "Depart from me, be- 
cause I was hungry and you did not feed 
me, I was thirsty and you did not give 
me to drink, I was sick and you did not 
visit me." These will ask Him, "When 
did we see You hungry or thirsty or sick 
and did not come to Your help?" And 
Jesus will answer them, "Whatever you 
neglected to do unto one of the least of 
these, you neglected to do unto Me!" 

A prayer for peace 

As we have gathered here to pray to- 
gether, I think it will be beautiful if we 
begin with a prayer that expresses very 
well what Jesus wants us to do for the 
least. St. Francis of Assisi understood 
very well these words of Jesus, and His 
life is very well expressed by a prayer. 
And this prayer, which we say every 
day after Holy Communion, always sur- 
prises me very much, because it is very 
fitting for each one of us. I always won- 
der whether 800 years ago when St. 
Francis lived, if they had the same diffi- 
culties that we have today. I think that 
some of you already have this prayer of 
peace, so we will pray it together. 

Let us thank God for the opportunity 
He has given us today to come here to 
pray together. We have come here es- 
pecially to pray for peace, joy, and love. 
We are reminded that Jesus came to 
bring the good news to the poor. He told 
us what that good news is when He said: 
"My peace I leave with you, My peace 
I give unto you." He came not to give 

By Mother Teresa of Calcutta 

the peace of the world, which is only 
that we don't bother each other. He 
came to give the peace of heart, which 
comes from loving — from doing good 
to others. 

No greater love 

God loved the world so much that He 
gave His son — it was a giving. God 
gave His son to the Virgin Mary, and 
what did she do with Him? As soon as 
Jesus came into Mary's life, immedi- 
ately she went in haste to give that good 
news. And as she came into the house of 
her cousin Elizabeth, Scripture tells us 
that the unborn child — the child in the 
womb of Elizabeth — leapt with joy. 
While still in the womb of Mary, Jesus 
brought peace to John the Baptist, who 
leapt for joy in the womb of Elizabeth. 

And as if that were not enough, as if 
it were not enough that God the Son 
should become one of us and bring 
peace and joy while still in the womb of 
Mary, Jesus also died on the cross to 
show that greater love. He died for you 
and for me and for that leper and for 
that man dying of hunger and for that 
naked person lying in the street, not only 
of Calcutta, but of Africa and every- 
where. Our Sisters serve these poor peo- 
ple in 105 countries throughout the 

Jesus insisted that we love one an- 
other as He loves each one of us. Jesus 
gave His life to love us, and He tells us 
that we also have to give whatever it 
takes to do good to one another. And in 
the Gospel Jesus says very clearly, 
"Love as I have loved you." 

Jesus died on the cross because that is 
what it took for Him to do good to us — 
to save us from our selfishness in sin. 
He gave up everything to do the Father's 
will — to show us that we too must be 
willing to give up everything to do 
God's will — to love one another as He 
loves each of us. If we are not willing to 
give whatever it takes to do good to one 
another, sin is still in us. That is why we 
too must give to each other until it hurts. 

It is not enough for us to say, "I love 
God." I also have to love my neighbor. 
St. John says that you are a liar if you 
say you love God and you don't love 
your neighbor. How can you love God 
whom you do not see if you do not love 
your neighbor whom you see, whom 
you touch, with whom you live? And so 
it is very important for us to realize that 
love, to be true, has to hurt. I must be 
willing to give whatever it takes not to 
harm other people and, in fact, to do 
good to them. This requires that I be 
willing to give until it hurts. Otherwise, 
there is no true love in me and I bring 
injustice, not peace, to those around me. 

We must "put on Christ" 

It hurt Jesus to love us. We have been 
created in His image for greater things, 
to love and to be loved. We must "put 
on Christ," as Scripture tells us. And so, 
we have been created to love as He 
loved us. Jesus makes Himself the hun- 
gry one, the naked one, the homeless 
one, the unwanted one, and He says, 
"You did it to Me." On the last day He 
will say to those on His right, "What- 
ever you did to the least of these, you 
did to Me." And He will also say to 
those on His left, "Whatever you ne- 
glected to do for the least of these, you 
neglected to do it for Me." 

When He was dying on the cross, 
Jesus said, "I thirst." Jesus is thirsting 
for our love, and this is the thirst of every- 
one, poor and rich alike. We all thirst 
for the love of others, that they go out of 
their way to avoid harming us and to do 
good to us. This is the meaning of true 
love, to give until it hurts. 

I can never forget the experience I had 
visiting a home where they kept all these 
old parents of sons and daughters who 
had just put them into an institution and 
forgotten them. I saw that in that home 
these old people had everything — good 
food, a comfortable place, television, 
everything. But everyone was looking 
toward the door. And I did not see a 
single one with a smile on his or her 

The Brethren Evangelist 

"I feel that the greatest destroyer of peace today is abortion, because it 
is a war against the child, a direct killing of the innocent child, murder 
by the mother herself." 

face. I turned to Sister and I asked, "Why 
do these people who have every comfort 
here, why are they all looking toward 
the door? Why are they not smiling?" 

I am so used to seeing the smiles on 
our people; even the dying ones smile. 
And Sister said, "This is the way it is 
nearly every day. They are expecting, 
they are hoping that a son or daughter 
will come to visit them. They are hurt 
because they are forgotten." 

Love begins at home 

See, this neglect to love brings spiri- 
tual poverty. Maybe in our own family 
we have somebody who is feeling 
lonely, who is feeling sick, who is feel- 
ing worried. Are we there? Are we will- 
ing to give until it hurts in order to be 
with our families? Or do we put our 
own interest first? These are the ques- 
tions we must ask ourselves, especially 
as we begin this year of the family. We 
must remember that love begins at 
home, and we must also remember that 
"the future of humanity passes through 
the family." 

I was surprised in the West to see so 
many young boys and girls given to 
drugs. And I tried to find out why. Why 
is it like that, when those in the West 
have so many more things than those in 
the East? And the answer was, "Because 
there is no one in the family to receive 
them." Our children depend on us for 
everything — their health, their nutrition, 
their security, their coming to know and 
love God. For all of this, they look to us 
with trust, hope, and expectation. But 
often father and mother are so busy they 
have no time for their children, or per- 
haps they are not even married or have 
given up on their marriage. So the chil- 
dren go to the streets and get involved 
in drugs or other things. We are talking 
of love of the child, which is where love 
and peace must begin. These are the 
things that break peace. 

But I feel that the greatest destroyer 
of peace today is abortion, because it is 
a war against the child, a direct killing 
of the innocent child, murder by the 
mother herself. And if we accept that a 
mother can kill even her own child, how 
can we tell other people not to kill one 
another? How do we persuade a woman 

March 1994 

not to have an abortion? As always, we 
must persuade her with love. And we 
remind ourselves that love means to be 
willing to give until it hurts. Jesus gave 
even His life to love us. So the mother 
who is thinking of abortion should be 
helped to love, that is, to give until it 
hurts her plans or her free time to re- 
spect the life of her child. The father of 
that child, whoever he is, must also give 
until it hurts. 

By abortion, the mother does not 
learn to love, but kills even her own 
child to solve her problems. And by 
abortion, the father is told that he does 
not have to take any responsibility at all 
for the child he has brought into the 
world. That father is likely to put other 
women into the same trouble. So abor- 
tion just leads to more abortion. Any 
country that accepts abortion is not 
teaching its people to love, but to use 
any violence to get what they want. This 
is why the greatest destroyer of love and 
peace is abortion. 

Many people are very, very concerned 
with the children of India, with the chil- 
dren of Africa, where quite a few die of 
hunger, and so on. Many people are also 
concerned about all the violence in this 
great country of the United States. These 
concerns are very good. But often these 
same people are not concerned with the 
millions who are being killed by the de- 
liberate decision of their own mothers. 
And this is what is the greatest destroyer 
of peace today — abortion, which brings 
people to such blindness. 

Bring the child back 

And for this I appeal in India and I 
appeal everywhere, "Let us bring the 
child back." The child is God's gift to 
the family. Each child is created in the 
special image and likeness of God for 
greater things — to love and to be loved. 
In this year of the family, we must bring 
the child back to the center of our care 
and concern. This is the only way that 
our world can survive, because our chil- 
dren are the only hope for the future. As 
older people are called to God, only 
their children can take their places. 

But what does God say to us? He says, 
"Even if a mother could forget her child, 
I will not forget you. I have carved you 

in the palm of my hand." We are carved 
in the palm of His hand; that unborn 
child has been carved in the hand of 
God from conception and is called by 
God to love and to be loved, not only 
now in this life, but forever. God can 
never forget us. 

Fighting abortion by adoption 

I will tell you something beautiful. 
We are fighting abortion by adoption — 
by care of the mother and adoption for 
her baby. We have saved thousands of 
lives. We have sent word to the clinics, 
to the hospitals and police stations: 
"Please don't destroy the child; we will 
take the child." So we always have 
someone tell the mothers in trouble: 
"Come, we will take care of you; we 
will get a home for your child." And we 
have a tremendous demand from cou- 
ples who cannot have a child. But I 
never give a child to a couple who has 
done something not to have a child. 
Jesus said, "Anyone who receives a 
child in my name, receives me." By 
adopting a child, these couples receive 
Jesus, but by aborting a child, a couple 
refuses to receive Jesus. 

Please don't kill the child. I want the 
child. Please give me the child. I am 
willing to accept any child who would 
be aborted and to give that child to a 
married couple who will love the child 
and be loved by the child. From our chil- 
dren's home in Calcutta alone, we have 
saved over 3,000 children from abortion. 
These children have brought such love 
and joy to their adopting parents and 
have grown up so full of love and joy! 

I know that couples have to plan their 
family and for that there is natural fam- 
ily planning. The way to plan the family 
is natural family planning, not contra- 
ception. In destroying the power of giv- 
ing life through contraception, a hus- 
band or wife is doing something to self. 
This turns the attention to self, and so it 
destroys the gift of love in him or her. 
In loving, the husband and wife must 
turn the attention to each other, as hap- 
pens in natural family planning, and not 
to self, as happens in contraception. Once 
that living love is destroyed by contra- 
ception, abortion follows very easily. 

(continued on next page) 

"There is something you and I can always do. We can keep the joy of 
loving Jesus in our hearts and share that joy with all with whom we 
come into contact." 

I also know that there are great prob- 
lems in the world, that many spouses do 
not love each other enough to practice 
natural family planning. We cannot solve 
all the problems in the world, but let us 
never bring in the worst problem of all, 
and that is to destroy love. And this is 
what happens when we tell people to 
practice contraception and abortion. 

Let us learn from the poor 

The poor are very great people. They 
can teach us so many beautiful things. 
Once one of them came to thank us for 
teaching her natural family planning. She 
said, "You people who have practiced 
chastity, you are the best people to teach 
us natural family planning because it is 
nothing more than self-control out of 
love for each other." And what this poor 
person said is very true. These poor peo- 
ple may have nothing to eat, maybe they 
do not have a home to live in, but they 
can still be great people when they are 
spiritually rich. 

When I pick up a hungry person from 
the street, I give him a plate of rice, a 
piece of bread. But a person who is shut 
out, who feels unwanted, unloved, terri- 
fied, the person who has been thrown 
out of society — that spiritual poverty is 
much harder to overcome. And abor- 
tion, which often follows from contra- 
ception, brings a people to be spiritually 
poor, and that is the worst poverty and 
the most difficult to overcome. 

Those who are materially poor can be 
very wonderful people. One evening we 
went out and we picked up four people 
from the street. One of them was in a 
most terrible condition. I told the Sis- 
ters: "You take care of the other three; 
I will take care of the one who looks 
worse." So I did for her all that my love 
can do. I put her in bed, and there was 
such a beautiful smile on her face. She 
took hold of my hand as she said one 
word only — "Thank you" — and she died. 

I could not help but examine my con- 
science before her. I asked, "What would 
I say if I were in her place?" My answer 
was very simple. I would have tried to 
draw a little attention to myself. I would 
have said, "I am hungry, I am dying, I 
am cold, I am in pain," or something. 
But she gave me much more — she gave 


me her grateful love. And she died with 
a smile on her face. 

Then there was the man we picked up 
from the drain, half eaten by worms. 
After we had brought him to the home, 
he only said, "I have lived like an ani- 
mal in the street, but I am going to die 
as an angel, loved and cared for." Then, 
after we had removed all the worms 
from his body, all he said, with a big 
smile, was, "Sister, I am going home to 
God," and he died. It was so wonderful 
to see the greatness of that man who 
could speak like that — without blaming 
anybody, without comparing anything. 
Like an angel — this is the greatness of 
people who are spiritually rich even 
when they are materially poor. 

We are not social workers. We may 
be doing social work in the eyes of 
some people, but we must be contem- 
platives in the heart of the world. For 
we must bring that presence of God into 
your family, for the family that prays 
together stays together. There is so 
much hatred, so much misery; and we 
with our prayer, with our sacrifice, are 
beginning at home. Love begins at 
home. It is not how much we do, but 
how much love we put into what we do. 

If we are contemplatives in the heart 
of the world with all its problems, these 
problems can never discourage us. We 
must always remember what God tells 
us in Scripture: "Even if a mother could 
forget the child in her womb [something 
impossible, but even if she could for- 
get], I will never forget you." 

Find the poor in your own home 

So here I am talking with you. I want 
you to find the poor here, right in your 
own home first. Begin love there. Bring 
that good news to your own people first. 
And find out about your next-door 
neighbors. Do you know who they are? 

I had the most extraordinary experi- 
ence of love of neighbor with a Hindu 
family. A gentleman came to our house 
and said, "Mother Teresa, there is a 
family who have not eaten for so long. 
Do something." So I took some rice and 
went there immediately. And I saw the 
children — their eyes shining with hun- 
ger. I don't know if you have ever seen 
hunger, but I have seen it very often. 

And the mother of the family took the 
rice I gave her and went out. When she 
came back, I asked her, "Where did you 
go? What did you do?" 

She gave me a very simple answer: 
"They are hungry also." What struck 
me was that she knew. And who are 
theyl A Muslim family! And she knew. 
I didn't bring any more rice that evening 
because I wanted them, Hindus and 
Muslims, to enjoy the joy of sharing. 

But there were those children, radiat- 
ing joy, sharing the joy and peace with 
their mother because she had the love to 
give until it hurts. You see, this is where 
love begins — at home in the family. 

Give out love with joy 

So as the example of this family shows, 
God will never forget us. And there is 
something you and I can always do. We 
can keep the joy of loving Jesus in our 
hearts and share that joy with all with 
whom we come into contact. Let us 
make that one point — that no child will 
be unwanted, unloved, uncared-for or 
killed and thrown away. And give until 
it hurts — with a smile. 

Because I talk so much of giving with 
a smile, a professor from the United 
States once asked me, "Are you mar- 
ried?" I said, "Yes, and I find it some- 
times very difficult to smile at my spouse, 
Jesus, because He can be very demand- 
ing — sometimes." This is really some- 
thing true. And this is where love comes 
in — when it is demanding, and yet we 
can give it with joy. 

One of the most demanding things for 
me is traveling everywhere and with 
publicity. I have said to Jesus that if I 
don't go to heaven for anything else, I 
will be going to heaven for all the trav- 
eling with all the publicity, because it 
has purified me and sacrificed me and 
made me really ready to go to heaven. 

If we remember that God loves us and 
that we can love others as He loves us, 
then America can become a sign of 
peace for the world. From here, a sign 
of care for the weakest of the weak — the 
unborn child — must go out to the world. 
If you become a burning light of justice 
and peace in the world, then really you 
will be true to what the founders of this 
country stood for. God bless you! [if] 

The Brethren Evangelist 

A Leap of Faith 

By Scott Robertson 

ON APRIL 16, 1986, at about 12:15 
in the afternoon, led by a friend, I 
put my trust in Jesus Christ as my Lord 
and Savior. Looking back on the past 
eight years, I have had my ups and downs 
as a Christian. I have also seen the Lord 
bring me through different steps of spir- 
itual maturity. One of the more recent 
steps was more like a leap of faith. I 
would like to share that experience. 

In July 1991 my wife and I decided 
we were going to tithe — that is, we de- 
termined that we were going to give ten 
percent of our income to the Lord. 
When we made this decision, we were 
finding it difficult (but not impossible) 
to pay our regular monthly bills. We 
knew, however, that if we gave to the 
Lord first, He would pour out blessings 
on us. So that's exactly what we decided 
to do — give the Lord His ten percent 
first — although looking at our finances 
on paper, we weren't sure how we were 
going to do it. 

In October 1991, blessings were not 
exactly what we were receiving, or so 
we thought. Due to a slowing economy, 
the small company I work for laid off 
some of its employees. Those of us who 
were left, as thankful as we were to 

Scott Robertson with his wife Stacy and 
their two sons, Scotty (r.) and Matthew. Scott 
and Stacy are members of the Linwood, Md., 
Brethren Church, where Scott serves as vice 
moderator, teacher of an adult Sunday 
school class, and is on the church's Passing 
On the Promise Self-Study Committee. 

March 1993 

have our jobs, had to take pay cuts. I 
was hit with a ten percent cut in pay. 
My wife, who was five months pregnant 
with our second child, was getting ready 
to quit her baby-sitting job in December 
to stay at home with our children. 

In November 1991 the cost of our 
health insurance went up, and in Decem- 
ber our landlords informed us that our 
rent would be increased by fifty dollars 
effective in January. All of this plus the 
fact that we knew we would have hospi- 
tal bills to pay when our child was born. 

We certainly did not feel blessed. It 
seemed as though the longer we tithed, 
the worse things got. We continued to 
stay faithful, however, holding on to 
God's promise in Malachi 3:8-12 that if 
we bring Him our tithes, He will throw 
open the floodgates of heaven and pour 
out His blessing upon us. Even so, our 
financial situation continued to grow 

An unexpected blessing 

In May 1992 the company I work for 
announced that it was instituting an in- 
centive program for employees in my 
position. Beginning in August, we would 
be paid over and above our regular 
weekly salary on the basis of the 
amount of work we produced. 

When I first heard about this, it 
didn't register with me that this was 
the blessing for which we had been 
so patiently waiting. But that's ex- 
actly what it turned out to be. With- 
in the first two months of this in- 
centive program, all of the doctor 
and hospital bills from our son's 
birth were paid. In the months that 
followed, my wife, children, and I 
were able to take a much-needed 
and long-overdue vacation. We 
managed to get ten months ahead 
on our car payments and were able 
to save enough money for a down 
payment on a house. 

I believe the Lord brings good 
out of every bad situation. Yes, we 
struggled financially when we first 
decided to tithe, but the blessings 
that finally came far outweighed the 

struggles. The Lord is faithful to those 
who are faithful. He never let us down. 

Tithing is about faith 

In retrospect, I believe I know what 
tithing is all about. It isn't about money; 
it is about faith. It is having the faith to 
say, "I trust you, Lord. If I am obedient 
to you, I can't possibly go wrong." Do 
you have that kind of faith? If you have 
enough faith to trust Jesus as Lord of 
your life and Savior of your soul, then 
the faith to tithe should come easier. I 
guess the lesson in all of this is to have 
faith, whether it is for salvation, tithing, 
healing, answers to prayers, or what- 
ever. Trust God in all things and have 
faith that He will provide. 

In December 1993 my wife and I de- 
cided to go beyond our ten percent and 
give the Lord even more. In making this 
decision, we now have a mortgage that 
is more than double the rent we used to 
pay. It seems we are once again strug- 
gling somewhat financially. Then a few 
weeks after making this decision, I learned 
that the company I work for is putting 
some stipulations on the incentive pro- 
gram, making it a little more difficult to 
earn as much extra money as I was get- 
ting before. So our bills are piling up 
and things are starting to get tight again. 

We're not relying on my incentive 
bonuses, because they could be gone in a 
second. Rather, we are counting on the 
Lord and His faithfulness. He poured 
out blessings once before when things 
got tight, and when He did so we in- 
creased our giving. He most certainly 
will pour out His blessings again. In 
fact, I'm sure He will. Until then, we 
well be patient and have faith. 

The whole Christian experience is 
based on faith. If you don't know what 
the Christian experience is like, you can 
start by having faith in Jesus Christ as 
your Lord and Savior. That's where it 
started for me eight years ago. Let's re- 
member that faith doesn't do much good 
unless we act on it. Let's also remember 
the words of the Apostle Paul in 2 
Corinthians 5:7 — "We live by faith, not 
by sight" (niv). [ft] 

the Bible 

ings, "The Bible, the whole Bible, 
and nothing but the Bible"; "No creed 
but the New Testament"; "In essentials 
unity, in nonessentials liberty, in all 
things charity"? If you became involved 
in The Brethren Church during the last 
20 or 30 years, you may never have heard 
these slogans. But if your ties to the 
Brethren predate 1960, you are probably 
familiar with them. 

For approximately 100 years, these 
slogans have served as summaries of cer- 
tain basic Brethren beliefs, especially re- 
lated to the authority and interpretation 
of Scripture. They also have been a means 
of drawing people into the church. 

An outreach function 

This outreach function was reinforced 
for me recently by my Sunday school 
teacher, Tony Lieb, who became active 
in the Ashland Park Street Brethren 
Church only a few years ago. He related 
that he and his family were church shop- 
ping several years ago and decided to 
begin with Park Street Brethren. 

During their visit, he learned that the 
motto of The Brethren Church is "The 
Bible, the whole Bible, and nothing but 
the Bible." He decided that if this church 
truly believed and practiced this commit- 
ment, then he really didn't need to look 
anywhere else. In fact, because of the 
favorable impression this slogan made 
upon him and his family, they didn't 
even visit any other churches. 

In the second article in this series, I 
will discuss further the significance this 
slogan has had for the Brethren. But I 
want to begin this series with a look at 

Dr. Stoffer is assistant professor of 
historical theology at Ashland Theolog- 
ical Seminary. He serves on The Breth- 
ren Church's Committee on Doctrine, 
Research, and Publication, which is 
preparing this series of articles. 


Historic Brethren Slogans 
About the Bible 

First of Three Parts 

By Dale R. Stoffer 

another slogan that has been important in 
the life of The Brethren Church. 

"No Creed but 
the New Testament" 

The oldest of the slogans used by the 
Brethren is "No creed but the New Tes- 
tament," or as it sometimes appears, 
"The New Testament is our only creed." 
One of the earliest appearances of this 
concept is in an account written about 
1765 by a Quaker writer, Samuel Smith. 
Smith observed that the Brethren chose 
the New Testament for their rule or 
canon and that they had no other articles 
of faith than those contained in the New 

An early Brethren use of the concept 
occurs in the congregational records of 
the Philadelphia church. In 1817 that 
congregation affirmed that it had "no 
other confession of faith than the New 

This slogan was prominent in the writ- 
ings of the Progressive Brethren (the 
forerunners of The Brethren Church) 
both before and after the division with 
the German Baptist Brethren that re- 
sulted in the formation of The Brethren 
Church in the early 1880s. In 1866 
Henry Holsinger, the leading figure 
among the Progressives, declared re- 
garding the Brethren in general that "the 
New Testament shall be our only Creed 
and Discipline." 

In the "Articles of Incorporation of 
The Brethren Church," dated August 25, 
1883, appears the declaration that the 
Brethren do not seek "to set up or estab- 
lish any creed but the New Testament." 
J. Allen Miller, a highly respected inter- 
preter of Brethren thought, wrote an en- 

'Donald F. Durnbaugh, ed., The Brethren 
in Colonial America (Elgin: The Brethren 
Press, 1967), pp. 16, 17. 

2 Roger E. Sappington, ed., The Brethren 
in the New Nation (Elgin: The Brethren 
Press, 1976), p. 241. 

3 Henry R. Holsinger, "Religious Dialogue," 
Christian Family Companion, 2 (February 
20, 1866), 52. 

tire article in 1910 entitled "The New 
Testament: An All-Sufficient Creed." 

This slogan would have been accepted 
by all branches of the Brethren. Depend- 
ing on how it was phrased, it could have 
different shades of meaning. As "no 
creed but the New Testament," it af- 
firmed the Brethren position that we 
must avoid all man-made creeds and 
confessions of faith that would dictate 
how we are to understand Scripture. Any 
such human attempt to develop a binding 
credal statement would end up adding to 
or subtracting from God's revelation in 
the New Testament. 

Likewise, creeds place blinders on our 
spiritual eyes, allowing us to see in 
Scripture only what the creeds say. Thus 
the Holy Spirit is limited in His role of 
bringing us new and deeper insights 
about Scripture. 

Our final rule for faith and practice 

When the Brethren declared, "The 
New Testament is our only creed," the 
emphasis fell on the conviction that the 
New Testament is an entirely sufficient 
declaration of Christian belief. Because 
it is the fullest disclosure of God's re- 
demptive will for us in Jesus Christ, no 
authority is superior to the New Testa- 
ment for determining our faith and prac- 
tice. It is our final rule for faith and life. 
The Brethren could sometimes declare 
that Scripture was their rule for faith and 
practice, but their understanding that 
Jesus Christ is God's fullest revelation of 
Himself led them more generally to af- 
firm the New Testament as the final rule. 

This slogan, then, has been used in its 
negative formulation to reject all binding 
creeds as human products and in its posi- 
tive formulation to affirm the all-suffi- 
ciency of the New Testament for govern- 
ing our faith and life. 

Does this slogan still have relevance 
(continued on page 11) 

4 J. Allen Miller, "The New Testament: An 
All-Sufficient Creed," The Brethren Evan- 
gelist, 32 (June 15, 1910), pp. 6-7. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

^publication, tiftkt Brethren, Human's (Missionary Sodttu 

March-April 1994 

Volume 7, Number 4 

Tfie presidents ^m 

Dear Ladies, 

It's winter in Ohio and we are ex- 
periencing some very cold weather. 
Salt is being used on the icy roads and 
sidewalks. That reminded me that I had 
a small devotional book that was given 
to me several years ago. It is entitled 
Salt in My Kitchen, by Jeanette Lock- 
erbie. One of the devotions talks of 
various uses for salt. One is to cleanse. 
II Kings 2:20-22 tells of the Prophet 
Elisha using salt to cleanse the waters. 
The custom of bathing newborn babies 
with salt was practiced by the Israel- 
ites (Ezekiel 16:4) and is practiced in 
some parts of the world today. 

Our Bible calls Christians the "salt 
of the earth" and warns against losing 
our 'savour' that seasons the world. 
Colossians 4:6 says, Let your speech be 
always with grace, seasoned with salt, 
that you may know how you ought to 
answer every one. Do we allow this 
spiritual salt to season our conversa- 
tion and our testimony? 

Salt de-ices. The "salt" of kindness 
and peace can melt the ice-bound 
heart as salt melts the ice on the side- 
walks and on the roads in winter. 
There are many people just waiting for 
a word of kindness. Can you think of a 
better place to sprinkle this "salt" than 
in your own kitchen? Invite a friend in 
for coffee and some visiting. 

My letter this month is short. I have 
had pink eye and the flu, and they 
have left me with no energy and little 
time. I trust you are all encouraged by 
the devotions in our program booklet. 
God bless you, and remember to "sprin- 
kle some salt" in your conversations. 

The officers are phoning and corre- 
sponding, and will meet again in May 
to confirm plans for the WMS Confer- 
ence. I ask for your prayers, so we may 
know God's plan. 

Blessings to each of you, 


The Goal of the Witness 

Devotions given by Charlene Rowser August 5, 1993, 
at the WMS Conference 

How does one write about so great a 
topic as witnessing in three short seg- 
ments of time? Volumes have already 
been written on the subject, and I 
would suspect the subject has never 
been or never will be exhausted! I have 
had a real struggle trying to come up 
with great words of wisdom to con- 
clude the devotions for conference. 

Somehow one word keeps coming 
back to me time and time again, until 
it becomes a haunting note — perhaps 
even a discord that jars us from our 
euphoria, our concentration on the 
melodies, the harmonies of life. That 
word has only four letters and is 
spelled 1-o-s-t. It's a recurring theme in 
scripture and it should be a recurring 
theme in our Christian lives as we con- 
sider that, without our witness, the 
witness of all Christians, the world is 
lost. Today we need to consider the 
goal of the witness, reaching the lost. 

In the fifteenth chapter of Luke, 
there are three beautiful parables 
shared by Jesus in response to the 
criticism of the Pharisees and the 
scribes that He, Jesus, was inviting 
sinners, of all people, to eat a meal 
with Him. Each of these illustrates 
God's love and concern for the lost. It's 
a good thing that Jesus did reach out 
to sinners, otherwise not one of us 
would ever be saved and go to heaven 
when we die. 

The key to the entire chap- 
ter is found in two words, 
lost and found. 

Shirley Black 

In every one something is lost — a 
person, an animal, or an object — and 
each needs to be found. You know 
them well — the parable of the Shep- 
herd seeking for a lost sheep, a woman 
searching for a lost coin, and a father 
suffering for a lost son. 

We have time to consider only one 
parable today and, even though it is 
most familiar, it can teach us profound 

Suppose one of you has a hundred 
sheep and lose one of them. Does he not 
leave the ninety and nine in the open 
country and go after the lost sheep un- 
til he finds it? And when he finds it, he 
joyfully puts it on his shoulders and 
goes home. Then he calls his friends 
and neighbours together and says, "Re- 
joice with me; I have found my lost 
sheep." I tell you that in the same way 
there will be more rejoicing in heaven 
over one sinner who repents than over 
ninty-nine righteous persons who do 
not need to repent. Luke 15:4-7 

The first lesson we learn is the con- 
dition of the sheep (or sinner). There 
are many references in both the Old 
and the New Testaments comparing 
people who are lost with sheep. In this 
story the shepherd had 100 sheep, but 
one was lost. 

It's not very flattering or complimen- 
tary when the Bible compares us to 
sheep, but it is a graphic description of 
what we are. What do you know about 
sheep? They're dumb. Man has been 
able to train all kinds of animals — 
dogs, cats, lions, tigers, elephants, and 
even pigs, but I doubt if you've ever 
seen a sheep who was trained to jump 
through a hoop or dance on its hind 
legs wearing a tutu! It's not smart 
enough to be trained. 

I recently saw a TV reporter inter- 
viewing some 4-H members who raise 
sheep and who were exhibiting them 
at the Elkhart County Fair. The re- 
porter asked the boys whether their 
sheep were smart and the boys 
grinned and replied, 'They're pretty 
dumb." People are the same way — 
they can be very intelligent and hold 
numerous degrees, but be spiritually 
illiterate. They may know many facts, 
but cannot answer questions about 
what truly matters in life. 

Sheep are also wanderers. They 
never intend to get lost, but they nib- 
ble a bit here and a bit there and be- 
fore long they are away from the flock. 
(continued on page 2) 

'District Qomas 

From the Central District, Linda 
Johnson reported on the fall retreat, 
which was held October 15-16 at beau- 
tiful Camp Emmaus. Approximately 
20 attended. The theme was "From 
Brokenness to Wholeness." Sandy 
Girdler, founder of Love Unlimited 
Ministries from Decatur, Illinois, was 
the main speaker. Saturday afternoon 
workshops were conducted by Verna 
Shaner and Dee Gruhn, both of whom 
are from Lanark. The retreat was a 
wonderful experience in which we all 
learned how God can take our broken- 
ness and make us whole again. We 
shared from our hearts, cried, prayed, 
and laughed together. 

The planning committee ladies were: 
Linda Johnson — chairman; Melva 
Staples — food and programs; Patti 
Klopping — games and decorations; 
Pam Boughton — decorations and 
name tags; Diana Meador and Karen 
Bushman — registration and crafts; 
Kris Hardacre — morning devotions; 
Elizabeth Garrett — worship and all- 
night prayer vigil; Merna Edwards, 
Gini Hutchison, and Sue Poffenberger 
— table hostesses. 

The Milledgeville Brethren Bea- 
cons and Priscilla Circle ladies made 
cloth books for the small children to 
use during church. The "quiet books" 
are filled with zippers, velcro, buttons, 
plus surprises (a lady bug opens and 
little bugs are inside). In addition, 
each member of the Beacons Circle re- 
ceived $1 with the request to make the 
dollar grow for the treasury. (Those re- 
sults will be interesting to read.) 

The Lanark Friendship Society 
made daily "Little Lifters." They are 
similar to the commercial kind, but 
have a variety of Scriptures, humorous 
thoughts, and mind teasers. I was glad 
to receive one as a gift. This was a big 
and fun project. 

From Mexico, Indiana, Jennifer 
Keyes reported their society held a 
chicken barbeque and bake sale in 
September with proceeds for the 
church improvement fund. They sell 
Kroger gift certificates for an on-going 
project. Their funds are designated for 
new hymnals, carpeting and/or repairs 
to the bell tower. 

The Huntington, Indiana, ladies 
shared a carry-in salad bar at their 
December meeting, hosted by Dianna 
Gurtner. In addition to the article in 
the Devotional Guide, they began the 
book The Bible's Legacy for Woman- 
hood by Edith Deen. This is a study of 
women of the Bible and their God- 
given legacies. Roxie Stahl leads the 
study each month 

The Goal of the Witness (continued from page 1) 

When we visited Jerusalem several 
years ago, our hotel was at the very 
edge of the city, and behind the hotel 
were fields marked off by stone fences. 
Every morning the boys would lead the 
flocks of sheep to the pasture. It was 
interesting to watch what went on. 
The boys spent their time engaged in 
playing soccer, while the sheep grazed 
on the grass. Many of the flock stayed 
close by, but you could always see the 
wanderers who "did their own thing." 
Sheep may also be lost because they 
follow after other sheep with no regard 
as to where they are going. 

This is a picture of people today; 
they don't intend to get lost, but they 
just nibble on the things of the world, 
or they follow other people and the 
wrong standards until they are lost. 

Then, too, a sheep is defenseless. It 
is not equipped to fight or even to flee 
from its attackers. It is easy to see how 
the sheep in our story got lost. 

Next we see the compassion of the 
Shepherd. Our parable tells us that 
the Shepherd, although ninety-nine of 
the sheep came home, left them and 
went in search of the one that was lost. 
Why should it be such a big deal if one 
sheep out of a hundred is lost? The 
point of the parable is not the value of 
the sheep, but the love of the Shep- 

Jesus didn't leave heaven 2,000 
years ago to come to this world in or- 
der to save the sinner because of the 
value of the sinner. Look at the world 
today. People are arrogant, ugly, self- 
ish, despicable, hard to deal with, hate- 
ful, and many more descripters we can 
all come up with. From a human point 
of view, not one of us is valuable enough 
to be saved. It was the love of Jesus 
Christ — the Good Shepherd — that 
caused Him to enter this sin-sick world. 

The Shepherd was more concerned 
about one sheep than about the ninety- 
nine. We're the opposite. More of our 
energy is spent in caring for those al- 
ready in the flock than for the one lost 
person so desperately in need of a wit- 

So the Shepherd left the ninety-nine 
and went out searching for the one lost 
lamb. He stayed at his task until He 
found it. Are we willing to spend our 
time — whether it be hours, months, or 
even years — searching for that one lost 
soul? How long did Jesus look for you? 

In our parable we discover that at 
long last the Shepherd found that one 
lost lamb, and He lifted it tenderly and 
placed it on His broad shoulders and 
carried it home. Oh, how great the 
compassion of the Shepherd! 

Once home, what does the Shepherd 
do? He calls his neighbors and friends 
to celebrate with Him that the lost has 
been found. When the good news was 
received that the Shepherd had found 
the sheep, the whole village joined in 
the celebration. 

That should happen at church, too. 
We share concern when we know 
someone is lost, and we may ask our 
friends or our Sunday school class to 
join us in praying for that one soul. 
The whole body becomes concerned, 
and there is praying and weeping be- 
cause they care. Then through the wit- 
ness — the seeking of someone — God 
works a miracle and the lost is found. 
What rejoicing there is! Jesus said 
there is more rejoicing in heaven over 
one sinner who repents than over 
ninety-nine righteous persons who do 
not need to repent. 

We have looked at the power of the 
witness (the Holy Spirit), the song of 
the witness, and now at the goal of the 
witness — seeking the lost. Where does 
that bring us? Right back to the first 
chapter of Acts. Keeping in mind 
verses 6-8, let's see what transpired 
after Jesus promised the disciples 
power for their witnessing. After He 
said this, He was taken up before their 
very eyes, and a cloud hid Him from 
their sight. They were looking intently 
up into the sky as He was going, when 
suddenly two men dressed in white 
stood beside them. Men of Galilee, they 
said, why do you stand here looking 
into the sky? This same Jesus, who has 
been taken from you into heaven, will 
come back in the same way you have 
seen him go into heaven. Acts 1:9-11 

Jesus said He was going away and if 
He went away He would come again. 
We had better believe it! We do not 
know when that will be, but it will 
happen — we accept that by faith. 
(continued on page 4) 


Published bimonthly in January, 
March, May, July, September, and No- 
vember by the Woman's Missionary 
Society of The Brethren Church. 

Mrs. Dorman Ronk, Editor 
1325 Coachman Court 
Ashland, Ohio 44805 

Subscription price, $7.50 per year in 

Send all subscriptions to Mrs. Robert 
Kroft, 608 Twp. Road 1151, RD 5, Ash- 
land, OH 44805 

Woman's Outlook Newsletter 


The Public Service at the Bethlehem, 
Virginia, church was a slide presenta- 
tion by Linda and Edna Logan entitled 
"Footsteps of Jesus, A Program of 
Scripture and Pictures." Those ladies 
had visited Israel, so took the congre- 
gation through Jesus' life with slides 
coordinated with appropriate Scriptures. 

Laura Mae Riffle sent this report of 
the Sunday evening worship service 
sponsored by the Ashland WMS ladies. 
Since the offering is designated for Ash- 
land Theological Seminary, people from 
the seminary presented the service. 

Dr. and Mrs. Ron Sprunger played 
their arrangements of hymns for the 
organ and piano prelude, and JoAnn 
Seaman gave an overview of what 
WMS is and does. Karen Weiden- 
hamer gave the devotions and led the 
group in prayer. She introduced Dr. 
Fred Finks, president of the seminary, 
who presided. Dr. Sprunger, professor 
of music at the seminary, led a sextet 
of seminary students in singing sev- 
eral numbers during the evening. Mrs. 
Sprunger accompanied. 

Dr. Finks gave highlights of the 

seminary; Ashland Theological Sem- 
inary is the largest seminary in Ohio, 
and off-campus teaching sites are in 
Cleveland, Columbus, and Detroit. The 
student body is composed of members 
from 60 denominations who share the 
commonality of Jesus Christ. Thirty- 
one percent of the students are female. 
Dr. Finks said that the seminary 
trains those called from ordinary life 
to extraordinary service. 

Two students spoke of their experi- 
ences: Errol and his wife, Vicki, feel 
equipped and empowered to return to 
South Africa following his May gradu- 
ation. Anton, a first-year student from 
Moscow, Russia, said, "God changed 
my mind and my heart, as I read the 
Scriptures. Jesus Christ opened Him- 
self to me." His goal is to return to 
Russia to establish a Christian school. 

DiAnne Ewing was the public serv- 
ice speaker in Tucson in November. 
She is the Tucson coordinator for Con- 
cerned Women of America, and she 
emphasized our responsibility to vote 
according to biblical standards and to 
work to uphold family values. 

The spring season is a joyous time 
— giving thanks for the new birth in 
nature and celebrating the Lord's Res- 
urrection! ALLELUIA! 

But first comes March — 

%n Old Irish ( BCessing 

May the road 

rise up to meet you, 

May the wind 

be always at your hack, 

May the sun shine warm 

upon your face 

And rains fall soft 

upon your fields. 

And, until we meet again, 

May God hold you 
in the hollow of His hand. 



The missionaries for March are 
those in the Missionary Board office, 
those who "take care of" our mission- 
aries: Jim Black, the executive direc- 
tor; Juan Miranda, director of Latin 
American Ministries; Stan Gentle, as- 
sistant to the executive director, and 
Ginny Hoyt, the office manager. Their 
responsibilities are numerous and in- 
clude travel, correspondence, finances, 
supervision and plans, and a whole lot 
more! Pray earnestly for them. 

The April missionaries are Ken and 
Carolyn Solomon, completing their 
first term together in Medellin, Colom- 
bia, South America. Continue to pray 
for their safety in that drug-infected 
city, and also for their good health. We 
are thankful for them. 

Three home missions pastors are the 
May missionaries: Jim and Ann Miller 
in Carmel, Indiana; Todd and Princene 

Bonnett in the Mansfield, Ohio, Wal- 
crest Brethren Church; and Charles and 
Linda Beekley in Frederick, Maryland. 
Their commonality is pastoring home 
mission churches. The Carmel Church 
is off Indiana District mission board 
support; Todd is a seminary student as 
well as the pastor; and the Mountain- 
view Church in Frederick is relatively 
new. Give special prayer for Linda, re- 
covering from two back surgeries last 
summer. Your prayers, encouragement 
notes, and thoughts are appreciated by 
every one. 

You will remember that Bill and 
Sharon Winter, former missionaries in 
Argentina, have relocated to Colorado, 
wanting to be Tentmakers at a new 
Brethren church. Their new address is: 
11957 Keough Drive, Northglenn, CO 
80233-1223. Bill works in a computer 
store, and Sharon is employed at a lan- 
guage development pre-school for spe- 
cial needs children. Keep them on your 
prayer list, too. 

Ginny Hoyt submitted this over- 
seas mailing information for your 
care packages: 

It is best to use mailers instead of 
boxes. Unless a box is absolutely nec- 
essary, use a mailer. The items get 
there quicker, the missionaries usually 
will not have to pay duty on a mailer, 
and it will usually be delivered to 
them. Boxes are held at the post office 
and the missionaries are notified to 
come and pick them up. Sometimes the 
missionaries have to pay a large 
amount of duty to receive a box. 

The missionaries are most grateful 
for being remembered by the suppor- 
tive Brethren at home. And this infor- 
mation is provided because a common 
question at the Mission Board Office is 
how to mail overseas. 

If your society is interested in send- 
ing a care package to any of the mis- 
sionaries, please contact Ginny Hoyt 
(419-289-1708) for suggestions. For in- 
stance, Carolyn Solomon has requested 
old Sunday school papers with pictures 
for children to cut out or color. The 
Eagles and Ruggles in Mexico City 
have requested certain books. In addi- 
tion, Tracy Ruggles and Jan Eagle are 
interested in craft items and materi- 
als. Ginny has more suggestions for 
you. Some are suitable for Bible school 
projects, too. 


Ann DeVeny wrote from Germany 
that their children (Andy and Angie 
with her husband and baby) were with 
them for Christmas. What a blessing! 

Dan and Ann are completing their 
three-year term overseas and expect a 
reassignment this summer to the 
States. Even so, they anticipate many 
opportunities to see the Lord at work 
in their remaining six months over- 
seas. Dan's chaplaincy duties are var- 
ied and numerous: stress-related, 
marital, and the need for spiritual 
studies among the men. Ann leads 
women's Bible studies, and she and 
Dan will speak at a sweetheart ban- 
quet in February. 

They will join Club Beyond, the Mili- 
tary Community Youth Ministries, in 
a ten-day experience of missionary 
work in Romania. Aubrey is a member 
of this youth group, and she wrote of 
their plans: "I will be going to Dezna, 
Romania, April 1-10 to work at a hos- 
pital for handicapped orphans." She 
explained that at the hospital, in in- 
tense three-week sessions, parents or 
a family member are trained to give 
therapy to the handicapped children 
when they return home. This is the 
only hospital of its kind, and there are 
approximately 150,000 handicapped 
children in Romania. 

The Club Beyond youth will ren- 
ovate storage space into a much- 
needed classroom and sleeping space, 
build a play area and equip it with 
playground equipment, and conduct 
"mini-Bible Clubs" for the kids. Aubrey 
requests our prayers as Club Beyond 
spreads the message of Jesus Christ in 
Romania. Prayers are needed as they 
plan and prepare, then in their work 
and association with the kids, and as 
those who are helped give back to the 

Ann and Dan anticipate packing to 
move in May or June. They will need 
your prayers, too. 

Daniel Rosales wrote of their won- 
derful experiences in Villa Consti- 
tucion, Argentina, December 11-19, 
when Daniel conducted an outdoor 
evangelistic crusade. Remember, pre- 
viously I wrote that Daniel and Kathy 
were taking their children for this cru- 
sade, back to Daniel's home town. The 
devil attacked them! Among his at- 
tempts to discourage them were these: 
one week before leaving, their car was 

hit. And Natalia, their youngest child, 
fell from her bed and broke her collar 
bone. Prayers sustained them and they 
arrived for the crusade two weeks be- 
fore Christmas. 

Approximately 200 people attended 
each night. During the services for the 
adults, the children were in their own 
meetings with ladies who shared the 
gospel at the children's level. The cru- 
sade was well publicized through ra- 
dio, TV, and newspapers. God knows 
how many were reached through the 
media; 60 commitments were made in 
the meetings. First-time confessions 
of faith numbered 30 and 30 others 
returned to the Lord after having 

Daniel was born in Villa Consti- 
tucion. It is noteworthy that he was 
invited to return after seven years to 
this city of 41,000 for the crusade. In 
addition to preaching in Villa Consti- 
tucion, Daniel preached in Soldini, 
Kathy's home town. (Remember, she is 
Ray and Marilyn Aspinall's daughter.) 

Daniel gives all glory to God for al- 
lowing him to proclaim the gospel. To 
us, his "dear brothers and sisters," 
Daniel is grateful for our prayers, let- 
ters of encouragement and support. He 
requests continued prayers. He has in- 
vitations to conduct campaigns in Bar- 
celona, Spain, and is seeking God's 
perfect and sovereign will. 

The Goal of the Witness 

(continued from page 2) 
Many years ago, when our kids were 
about 3 and 4, we took them to a 
Christmas puppet show in the big 
Rike's store in downtown Dayton. 
They were allowed to go up front and 
sit on the floor, while we stood in the 
back and watched. When the show was 
over and we went to collect the kids, 
we found David immediately, but Tracy 
was nowhere in sight. There was a 
mob of kids and parents that day and, 
after searching for some time, Mom 
got panicky. I was about ready to in- 
form some store personnel that we had 
lost our little girl, when I looked over 
in the corner and saw Tracy riding a 
hobby horse — unconcernedly. When I 
finally made my way over to her, I said 
something stupid like, "Honey, weren't 
you afraid you were lost." She looked 
at me right in the eye and said, 
"Mommy, I knew that, if I stayed here, 
you'd come and find me." 

Can we look in the face of Jesus and 
say, "Lord, I don't know when you're 
coming back for me, but if I stay here, 
you'll find me." Will there be others 
with us, to whom we have witnessed, 
that He will find also? 

%t> 'Editor's huiwn 

Dear Friend, 

From the news items and letters in 
this issue, you see I have had interest- 
ing mail. I am grateful! 

One correction is needed in the De- 
votional Guide for the April topic by 
Karen Little on page 26: Column 2 
should conclude with this: ". . . can 
truly be accountable to God, and as- 
sume responsibility for every thought, 
word and deed — under the Lordship of 
Christ. Care to join me?" 

We moved last summer, which 
meant getting into my closets. I re- 
membered Jesus' words in Matthew 6: 
when you pray, enter into your closet 
(room), close the door, and pray. So, in 
my clothes closet, I asked the Lord to 
show me what stuff in my life could be 
discarded. Had I placed too much em- 
phasis on possessions? Then, in the 
linen closet, I wondered about being 
irresponsible. Was I shirking my du- 
ties and not being useful, like those 
table cloths which don't fit our table? I 
had quite a job in the broom closet! I 
swept out hidden thoughts like cob- 
webs that should have been gone a 
long time ago. 

I realized moving was good for me — 
this was a good time for personal in- 
ventory. And, moving was an answer 
to one of my long-time prayers. 

This week, when I was reading 1 Pe- 
ter, I found three B's which are impor- 
tant as we Pass On the Promise. 
Chapter 3:13-15 admonishes us to "be 
a follower of that which is good; ... be 
not afraid; and ... be ready always to 
give an answer." Those sound easy, 
and, with God's help, they will be. 

Please remember to: 

• write JoAnn Seaman if you have 
questions about the WMS finances 
and policies. She wrote an interesting 
explanation of the receipts, disburse- 
ments, and reserve accounts. 

• send your quilt squares to Joan 
Merrill, the Sewing and World Relief 
Coordinator, by April 30, in prepara- 
tion for the National Conference quilt 
project. The guidelines were in the 
January-February Newsletter. 

• to buy Sisterhood of Mary and 
Martha books from Kathleen Mack, 
the literature secretary. A few are 
available at reduced prices. 

Your friend, 

Woman's Outlook Newsletter 

Brethren World Missions: 

My Praise and Concern 

By James R. Black, Executive Director 
Missionary Board of the Brethren Church 

read of what other evangeli- 
cal movements are doing, hear of 
the millions who have yet to hear 
the Gospel of Good News, wrestle 
with budgets and the constant need 
of promotion, and find myself 
bogged down with administrative 
duties and travel obligations. I'll 
admit to more than a small meas- 
ure of frustration. 

But then I hear some compli- 
mentary comment or comments 
about how much we Brethren are 
doing in world missions for such 
a small denomination, and I feel 
better. I even find my desire to 
"enjoy" my ministry returning 

A widespread witness 

I am encouraged when I reflect 
on the witness The Brethren 
Church is making in Mexico, Co- 
lombia, Peru, Paraguay, Argen- 
tina, India, Malaysia, and here in 
the U.S.A. But Brethren mission 
work is not limited to the witness 

Brethren Slogans 

(continued from page 10) 
for us today? Yes, for it continues 
to challenge us as Brethren not to 
give anything the same ultimate au- 
thority as Scripture. Credalism does 
not pose the danger today that it did 
in past eras, but we have modem 
authorities that can likewise divert 
our allegiance from Christ and His 
Word — such as Madison Avenue, 
which wants us to bow down to ma- 
terialism; the government, which 
wants us to believe that it can cure 
all that ails our culture; technology, 
which promises us a blessed future. 
Let us retain the New Testament as 
our only creed. [ft] 

in these countries and the work 
under the direct supervision of 
the Missionary Board. A number 
of Brethren congregations also 
have members who minister in 
other countries in various kinds 
of "missionary'' activity, including 
many who are involved in what is 
called "short-term" mission work. 

This is great! I've said it before, 
but I'm not ashamed to repeat my 
belief that "A congregation is a 
priority with God that has as its 
priority world missions." 

It is wonderful to know that 
Christianity is rapidly spreading 
throughout the world in our time! 
Ralph Winter, writing in Mission 
Frontiers, says, "Across the cen- 
turies, Bible-believing Christians 
have become an even larger pro- 
portion of the world population. 
In 1430 AD only one in one hun- 
dred were Bible-believing Chris- 
tians. Now one in ten are believ- 
ers." That's satisfying news! 

Much work remains 

But there are still only 540 mil- 
lion Bible-believing Christians in 
a world with a population of more 
than 5.4 billion people. Much work 
remains for all of us. 

I am convinced that The Breth- 
ren Church must become more 
involved in reaching those as yet 
unreached. Brethren congrega- 
tions in countries outside of the 
United States must be more rap- 
idly equipped to care for their 
own ministries in order that we 
can concentrate on moving into 
areas where the church has not 
yet been established. This may 
require some adjustments in Mis- 
sionary Board policy. So be it. 

We have made some progress in 

this area, 
in India. 
Rev. K. 
our Di- 
rector of 
ren Mis- 
sion in 
that last 
year the 
Brethren Rev. James R. Black 

Mission was able to enter 38 
never-before visited villages. 

Developing "missionary" churches 

In other countries where we have 
mission work, it is certainly nec- 
essary that we continue to assist 
in developing the local congrega- 
tions, in the training of national 
leaders, and in the planting of new 
congregations. They, in turn, will 
become "missionary." 

In Mexico, for instance, our ob- 
jective is quite specific — to work 
with national leaders to plant 
churches in that country. Minis- 
tries of compassion are certainly 
Christ-taught and are therefore 
essential. But we must not let 
these prevent us from reaching 
out to that segment of the world, 
to those people groups, who are as 
yet unreached for Christ. 

I once again thank Brethren 
people and our other friends for 
your tremendous support of Breth- 
ren missions. May our success 
only drive us on to greater things, 
as together we strive to bring 
about the fulfillment of the Great 
Commission in our day. [ir] 

March 1994 


Brethren World Missions 


Mancha, the main character, 
Don Miguel de Cervantes (played 
by Peter O'Toole), is asked why 
Don Quixote, the main character 
of his play, holds on to his insan- 
ity by seeing things in an unreal 
world. Cervantes reply is quite 
poignant, To see the things in this 
world as they are and not as they 
should be, that is insanity!" 

I'm sometimes amazed that we, 
in our modern Western mindset, 
so often look only at "the real world" 
and forget that we, as Christians, 
need to see the world "as it should 
be" or "as it should have been." 
The Lord desired (and desires) a 
different world. And He wants us 
to see the world "as it should be." 

As missionaries, we are often ac- 
cused of being like Don Quixote. We 
are accused of "attacking dragons" 
that are in reality only "windmills." 
We hear charges that we are doing 
the "unnecessary" or the "insane." 

"How can you go to Mexico? 
Aren't there enough needy people 
in the United States?" 

"How can you bear to live in that 
polluted and dirty city? I would 
never think of doing that!" 

"How in the world can two 
churches and two Bible studies im- 
pact a city of 25 million people? 
You all are crazy!" 

"Why do you need to start new 

Of Windmills, Vision, and Hope 

By Tim Eagle 
Brethren Missionary to Mexico 

churches? Aren't there enough of 
them already?" 

"How can you trust Mexicans? 
They are so unreliable and dis- 

Maybe the questions were not 
stated quite this bluntly. But the 
implications were the same. 

Scriptural "Don Quixotes" 

We, ourselves, sometimes won- 
der if we are "only attacking the 
windmill" rather than the ferocious 
dragon. But then I look to scrip- 
tural examples of "Don Quixotes" 
for inspiration. 

I think about Gideon. How in 
the world were he and his 300 men 
to defeat a Midianite host many 
times greater? Or what about 
David? How was this boastful young 
shepherd boy going to defeat a bat- 
tle veteran and champion of the 
army of the Philistines? 

And how was Jonah, a reluctant 
Quixote, to know that he would 
bring revival to the city of Nineveh? 
Or better yet, how could Jesus ex- 
pect a handful of fishermen, ex- 
prostitutes, tax collectors, and other 
"dregs" of Jewish society to carry 
on the work of His kingdom? 

We missionaries in Mexico and 
the Brethren here with us do not 
consider our thinking to be "insane." 
We see it as vision — not a vision 
borne of despair or desperation, 
but one borne of hope. It is a scrip- 
tural vision, a vision from God. "For 
in this hope [of redemption] we 
were saved. But hope that is seen 
is no hope at all. Who hopes for 
what he already has? But if we 
hope for what we do not yet have, 
we wait for it patiently" (Rom. 
8:24-25, niv). 

As Todd and Tracy Ruggles go 
out with our young worker, Ramon 
Hernandez, to Jesus Del Monte, 

we see a new group of Christians 
being discipled and learning about 
the love of God. This is vision. 

When Jan and I go to Prados 
del Rosario, a difficult middle-class 
area, with Pastor Castro to do min- 
istry, I see a group of people who 
have forsaken their "religion" for a 
true faith in Christ. This is vision. 

I see Pastor Calderon at Palo 
Solo, seeking to bring the gospel 
to many who do not want it, 
thinking it is just another "cult." 
I see the members of the Santa 
Teresa church recovering from 
difficulties last year and looking 
to see what kind of ministry they 
can do to share the gospel with 
their neighbors and friends. This 
is all vision! A vision of hope! 

You have made it possible for 
us to experience this vision, this 
hope. But let us challenge you as 
well. Maybe it is time for all the 
Brethren to start seeing our world 
as it should be. Start attacking 
some "windmills." You may find 
out that they were really dragons 
after all. [tf] 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Brethren World Missions 

A Thing Worth Doing 

By Rev. David Kerner 
Brethren Missionary to Colombia 


worth doing badly!" Or at 
least that's what J. Stuart Bris- 
coe says in How to be a Motivated 
Christian (p. 40). Believe it or not, 
that's exactly what we're trying 
to teach The Brethren Church of 
Colombia. Let me explain. 

As a brotherhood, our goal in 
any mission field is to develop a 
self-governed and self-supported 
national church. Our task as mis- 
sionaries is to develop leaders, dis- 
ciple new believers, and establish 
a church that will one day no longer 
need either foreign missionaries or 
outside financial help. 

Transferring responsibility 

In Colombia we are in a contin- 
ual process of shifting more and 
more responsibility to the Colom- 
bian Brethren. We train and en- 
courage them to make decisions, 
to plan and direct worship serv- 
ices, to teach Sunday school classes, 
to organize evangelistic programs, 
and to begin using their own spir- 
itual gifts to witness to their soci- 
ety in the power of Jesus' name. 

It is always difficult to convince 
people to try something they have 
never done before. "But I'll make 
mistakes!" they cry. And that's 
when we have to say, "A thing 
worth doing is worth doing badly. 
Yes, you will make some mistakes, 
but if you believe this is something 
the Lord wants done, give it a try! 
Get started, and the Lord will help 
you grow. The first try may not 
be great, but you will improve." 

Slowly, bit by bit, The Brethren 
Church of Colombia is growing and 
gaining maturity. The members are 
trying out their spiritual gifts, as- 
suming responsibility, and learn- 
ing that they can witness to their 
nation far more effectively than 

Members of The Brethren Church of Colombia are trying out their spiritual 
gifts, assuming responsibility for their church, and learning that they can 
witness effectively to their nation. 

any foreign missionary ever could. 
In the neighborhood congrega- 
tion in Villa de Los Alpes (at the 
southeast edge of the modern me- 
tropolis of Bogota) the members 
plan and lead all of the worship 
services and hold their own mid- 
week prayer meetings. Recently two 
new families in the neighborhood 
opened their homes to the gospel 
through the daily witnessing of the 
church families. As a result, the 
members of this house-church 
have seen firsthand that the Lord 
has given them spiritual gifts, and 
that the Lord will help them use 
those gifts. They have grown in 
faith and in the conviction that 
the Lord Jesus lives and moves 
among them. 

Much remains to be done 

There is a great deal yet to be 
done before The Brethren Church 
of Colombia will be able to stand 
on its own. As a brotherhood, we 
will need to send financial sup- 
port so that pastors can be trained 

and materials purchased and used. 
We need to support this struggling 
church with truly faithful prayer. 

"In Colombia we are in a con- 
tinual process of shifting more 
and more responsibility to the 
Colombian Brethren. " 

We will also need to contribute 
to the support of missionary fami- 
lies who will train leaders and pro- 
vide guidance and encouragement 
as the national church develops. 
We will need to show the Breth- 
ren of Colombia, by our own ex- 
ample of love, sacrifice, faithful- 
ness, and commitment, what it 
means to walk humbly with the 

Much remains to be done in Co- 
lombia. We will continue to say, 
"A thing worth doing is worth do- 
ing badly ... at least at first!" 
And as we do so, we will pray that 
our brothers will understand the 
Lord's assurance: "My strength is 
perfected in weakness." [ft] 

Maech 1994 


Brethren World Missions 

Reaching People for Christ in India 

By K. Prasanth Kumar 
Director, Brethren Mission in India 

THE PAST YEAR has been a 
very enjoyable, encouraging, 
and spiritually rewarding one for 
Nirmala and me. The Brethren 
Mission in India was able to reach 
many idol-worshipers through the 
effective means of evangelism, 
proclamation, and service. Since 
its beginning in 1970, the Breth- 
ren Mission in India has reaped a 
total of 3,427 baptized members. 
In addition to these, hundreds of 
other people regularly attend the 

The Brethren Annual Conven- 
tion was held January 29-31, 1993, 
at Bondapalli. Approximately 1,200 
people attended the revival meet- 
ings that were part of this con- 
vention. We praise God for the 34 
men and 18 women who accepted 
the Lord and were baptized on 
the last day of the convention. 

A spiritual harvest 

Revival meetings were con- 
ducted in many villages through- 
out the year. The village pastors 
and their wives worked with Nir- 
mala and me in this ministry by 
sharing the Gospel of Christ per- 
son to person in addition to the 
meetings. The Lord blessed these 
efforts, and as a result I was able 
to baptize seven people in Sankili, 
seven more in Narkedimilli, and 
eight in Gokavaram. 

In March Rev. O.M. Prasad con- 
ducted a revival meeting at Ra- 
jahmundry, and on August 21 a 
great Christian singing and gos- 
pel meeting was held in a public 
auditorium that holds 1,100 peo- 
ple. What a rewarding spiritual 
time this was! Then on October 2, 
Rev. James R. Black was the re- 
vival speaker. His burden for the 
lost of India was evident in his 
spirit-reviving messages, which 
yielded much fruit. 

Rev. Kumar gives instructions for baptism to the 52 people who accepted the Lord 
during the Annual Convention and revival meetings held at Bondapalli village. 

A recently-completed church 
building was dedicated to the 
glory of God by Rev. Black on 
September 27. A prayer house was 
likewise dedicated in the Sankili 
village on September 30. 

The youth have been a focal 
point of our ministry, as we see so 
much frustration, dejection, and 
desperation among them. When a 
young person accepts Jesus and 
is baptized, he is deprived of aca- 
demic and job opportunities. 

In order to strengthen the Chris- 
tian young people, Brother Mano- 
har, a Spirit-filled young man, was 
invited to hold a special youth 
meeting on February 20 at the 
Brethren church. The Lord 
touched many young lives and 
drew them to His saving knowl- 
edge. That same month, two 
other young servants of God, Mr. 
Madhu and Miss Jessie, reached 
out to the youth, uplifting and 
strengthening these young hearts. 

The Vizag area Brethren Youth 
Conference was held October 2, at 
which time Rev. Black spoke to 
150 young men and women. Rev. 

Black's message had an excellent 
impact on the hearts and lives of 
these young people. As a result of 
this and our continued efforts to 
reach the youth, 28 were baptized 
on October 3. 

Because of the good teaching 
materials and cassettes received 
from Lakeland Child Evangelism 
and the Masontown Brethren 
Church, we were able to conduct 
a very successful vacation Bible 
school May 3-8. We realize that 
the children are the future of the 
church, so they are regularly 
taught the Bible and singing dur- 
ing weekly Sunday school. We 
also had a special Children's 
Rally in Vizag in March and one 
in Rajahmundry in August. 

Reaching out to Hindu women 

A continuing effort is being 
made by Nirmala and other lady 
evangelists to reach the Hindu 
women. The women are visited in 
their homes, where prayers are 
offered for their physical and 
spiritual healing. Special Women's 
Meetings were conducted in Vizag 


The Brethren Evangelist 



Kokomo Church Continues to Minister 
Even Though Church Doors are Closed 

Kokomo, Ind. — In the early 1960s, 
the Kokomo First Brethren Church had 
a vision to help the Kokomo area. The 
church was started with the assistance 
of Rev. Austin Gable. A little over 30 
years later, the church has closed due to 
low attendance and a fire that totally 
demolished the inside of the building. 

During the 30-year history of the 
church, it advanced from a part-time 
pastor to full-time, it purchased a par- 
sonage, then went back to part-time 
pastors and sold the parsonage. The re- 
maining members still felt there was a 
need for the church, but due to burnout, 
the members made a decision to close. 
The members are visiting churches in 
the area to decide where they would like 
to take their membership. 

Through the death of this church, 
other programs may gain new life due 
to monetary amounts donated by the 
church. Money was given to charitable 
organizations in Kokomo, including the 
Rescue Mission, Youth for Christ, and 
Clinic of Hope. Some money was given 
to the Peru, Ind., First Brethren Church 
as a thank you for sharing with us two 
lay speakers, Amos Combs and Bill Car- 
michael, for several months. An amount 
of $50,000 was used to start a scholar- 
ship at Ashland Theological Seminary 
to encourage students to minister in 
the Indiana District. Money was also 
sent to the camp at Shipshewana, and 
the remaining money, approximately 

$40,000, will be given to the Indiana 

The Kokomo First Brethren Church 
did not have many members, and the 
congregation struggled for the 30-plus 
years of its existence. But with its clos- 

ing, many people will be helped, includ- 
ing the youth of the Kokomo area. This 
may not have been the vision for the 
church when it was started, but the 
church will live on for years to come be- 
cause of its existence in the Kokomo area. 
Thank you to all who helped us in any 
way during our ministry. We have fond 
memories of many of you who worshiped 
with us and helped us. 

— Liz Surbey, Bunker Hill, Ind 

Training Session at Flora, Ind., 
Focuses on Ministry to Youth 

Flora, Ind. — Twelve Flora First Breth- 
ren Church members attended a train- 
ing session for youth leaders and teach- 
ers held January 6 at the Flora Church. 
Sherry Bowling, a student at Ash- 
land Theological Seminary and former 
Youth Ministry Associate for The Breth- 
ren Church, led the training session. 
She began the session by administering 
the Meyers-Briggs personality inven- 
tory, in order to 
help the partici- 
pants to better 
understand how 
they relate to 
other people. 
She presented 
some sample 
training materi- 
als, then led the 
group in a brain- 
storming ses- 
sion to generate 
ideas of ways to 
impact the lives 

of young people. She also led a discussion 
of ways to encourage and support leaders 
involved in ministry. 

The Flora congregation expresses its 
thanks to Ms. Bowling for leading this 
training session and to Deb Ritchey, 
Education/Leadership/Youth Adminis- 
trative Assistant for The Brethren 
Church, for making it possible. The 
seminar, which spurred new ideas and 
renewed dedication for the youth pro- 
gram, was enjoyed by all those who par- 
ticipated. They wished they could have 
kept Sherry longer! 

Sherry Bowling leads the training session at the Flora church. 

Reaching People in India 

and Rajahmundry in April and at Hy- 
derabad in May. Rev. Black brought 
messages to the regular weekly 
women's meetings in Rajahmundry and 
Vizag during his administrative visit 
last fall, and he also gave an inspiring 
message at a meeting of the Brethren 
preachers' wives during that time. 

Another activity of the Brethren Mis- 
sion in India is publishing the monthly 
magazine Suvarthikudu ("Evangelist"), 
which contains articles that minister to 
the spiritual needs of families, women, 
and youth. We have also arranged for 
comforting Bible verses to be published 
daily in two regional newspapers. 

The Lord has helped us buy a building 
for the girls' orphanage with funds pro- 
vided by the National W.M.S. Now we 
are able to care for 30 poor boys and 15 
poor girls in the Brethren Church's 

March 1994 

Home and to provide all of their spiritual 
and physical needs. Some of these chil- 
dren have gone on to become preachers 
and teachers. 

We continue to minister to the less 
privileged people of our society. This 
year 30 women were given free sewing 
training and five of them took the gov- 
ernment exam and received certificates. 
Now they are qualified to get jobs in 
government institutions. Sewing ma- 
chines were given to four women, which 
will help them support themselves. 

We were able to render free medical 
aid to approximately 150 poor and sick 
people every day at the Brethren Mis- 
sion Hospital in Rajahmundry. We also 
visited many villages during the year 
with the mobile medical unit, where we 
gave free medical aid to the sick villag- 
ers deprived of medical facilities. One 
such trip was made September 26, dur- 
ing Rev. Black's visit. 

During the year 1,600 food packets 
were distributed to undernourished 
children. Utensils and cotton blankets 
were also given to the poor. Bicycles 
were given to five men, helping them to 
support themselves. 

A horrifying earthquake hit many vil- 
lages near Bombay on September 30, 
1993. I visited the village of Mara- 
thwada, which was devastated by the 
earthquake, while relief efforts were 
taking place. It was a heartaching expe- 
rience to see the suffering and death 
caused by this disaster. Most of the people 
in this village were left homeless and 
starving. I was able to distribute money 
to help meet their needs. 

Nirmala and I praise and thank the 
Lord for blessing all our endeavors to 
reach people for Christ, and we express 
our deep sense of gratitude and thanks 
to the Brethren for being such an impor- 
tant part of our ministry. [ft] 


Brethren Church National Office Announces 
Change in 1994 Summer Crusader Program 

Ashland, Ohio — The Brethren 
Church National Office recently an- 
nounced that no Summer Crusader 
teams will be sent out this summer. 

The reason for this announcement is 
because only one person applied to be a 
Summer Crusader this year. Obviously, 
it is not possible to field a team with only 
one applicant. 

Despite this announcement, there 
will be a Crusader program this sum- 
mer. As many as nine young adults will 
serve as Crusader Interns during the 
summer months. Four of these have al- 
ready been placed, and placement of the 
other five is under consideration. 

In addition, three districts have in- 

dicated a desire to field District Cru- 
saders this summer. District Crusader 
teams are comprised of high school stu- 
dents who have completed grades 10- 
12. They do several weeks of service in 
their own district. The District Crusad- 
er program was begun in 1990 and has 
been growing since that first year. 

Because of the declining number of 
applications for Summer Crusading 
during the past several years, staff at 
The Brethren Church National Office 
had sensed a need to review and per- 
haps revamp the Summer Crusader 
team portion of the Crusader program. 
This review has begun, but no conclu- 
sions have yet been reached. Not having 

Berlin, Pa., Church Installs 
New Deacon and Deaconesses 

Berlin, Pa. — Robert Brant was in- 
stalled as a deacon and his wife Nancy 
as well as Shirley Landis and Jeanne 
Sprowls were installed as deaconesses 
January 23 at Berlin Brethren Church. 

Rev. Bryan Karchner, pastor of the 
Berlin congregation, conducted the in- 
stallation service, which was held dur- 
ing the morning worship service. 

The four new members of the diacon- 
ate were elected by majority vote at the 
annual congregational business meet- 
ing on January 9. The congregation pre- 
pared for the election by reading 1 Tim- 
othy 3:8-13 on the three Sunday morn- 
ings prior to the congregational busi- 
ness meeting as well as immediately 
before the vote. The four will serve a 

three-year term in which to receive ex- 
perience and training. At the end of that 
term, the congregation will again vote 
on them, and those who receive a two- 
third's majority vote will be ordained to 
the diaconate for life. 

According to Doyle E. Paul, chair of 
the Berlin diaconate, "To serve as a 
member of the diaconate is a high and 
holy calling, never [to be] entered upon 
lightly, but always in the fear of God, 
looking to Jesus Christ as a pattern, and 
guided and empowered by the Holy 
Spirit working in the fellowship of the 
believing congregation. [Members of 
the] diaconate are to act as leaders in 
care-giving to both the pastor and the 
church members and friends. This care- 
giving places high priority on spiritual 
needs. Diaconate work is service to God, 
to the church, and to the pastor." 

— reported by Doyle E. Paul 

Berlin's new deacon Robert Brant (I.) and deaconesses (I. to r.) Nancy Brant, 
Shirley Landis, and Jeanne Sprowls, with Pastor Bryan Karchner. 


teams this summer will allow time for 
this review to be completed. 

In a recent letter Ronald W. Waters, 
Director of Brethren Church Ministries, 
and Debra S. Ritchey, Administrative 
Assistant working in the areas of Edu- 
cation/Leadership/Youth for the Na- 
tional Office, made the following com- 
ments concerning the lack of Summer 
Crusader teams in 1994: 

Obviously, we have some disappoint- 
ment about not having a Summer Crusader 
team this year. This would have been the 
25th year since the program was reinstated 
in 1970. So for sentimental reasons it 
would have been nice to have teams this 
year. But we firmly believe that when we 
offer summer ministry opportunities, 
they should be of the highest quality and 
beneficial to the young adults as well as 
for the church as a whole. We are com- 
mitted to find the best ways to help young 
people sense and respond to God's call on 
their lives. We are open to the leading of 
the Spirit as to what modifications and new 
directions the Crusader program should 
take in the future. We earnestly covet your 
prayers for us as we seek God's guidance. 
We will be soliciting concrete ideas and 
suggestions at a later date. 

A special offering for the Crusader 
program will be received in May as in 
past years, even though no Summer 
Crusader teams will be sent out this 
year. The gifts received will be used to 
underwrite the administrative support 
for the Crusader Intern and District 
Crusader portions of the Crusader pro- 
gram. It will also be used to help cover 
the cost of administrative time invested 
in the study and review of the Crusader 
program and promotional costs of an- 
nouncing the results of the study. 

Billy Graham Welcomed 
Warmly in North Korea 

Minneapolis, Minn. — Evangelist Billy 
Graham announced recently that de- 
spite present tensions between the Dem- 
ocratic People's Republic of Korea (North 
Korea) and the United States, he was 
welcomed very cordially by the people 
and leaders of North Korea during his 
January 27-February 1 visit there. 

Dr. Graham noted that his primary 
purpose in going to North Korea was to 
preach the gospel, but that one reason 
for going now was to express his concern 
for peace in the region and to make 
whatever contribution he could to better 
relations between our two nations. He 
said that one highlight of his visit was a 
three-hour meeting with President Kim 
II Sung, who received him warmly. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Little Crusader 

Jesus said, "Let the children come to me, and do not hinder 
them; for to such belongs the kingdom of heaven" (Matt. 19:14). 

Hi boys and girls! 

Do you have a best friend? Do you enjoy going places, sharing things, and having 
fun with your best friend? 

There were two boys in the Bible who were very best friends and who shared 
things with each other. Their names were David and Jonathan. 

In 1 Samuel 18 it says that Jonathan loved David so much that he gave David 
his sword, his bow, and his belt. It is a great feeling to give someone you love something 
that has great value to you. 

Unfortunately, David and Jonathan didn't get to spend very much time together. 
Jonathan's father, who was King Saul, wanted to kill David because he was jealous 
of David. Jonathan spent a great deal of time trying to protect David from the angry 
King Saul. He even risked his life to help David escape from the country. David told 
Jonathan that he would never forget him, and he promised always to show kindness 
to Jonathan and his family. 

Are you thoughtful of your friends and loyal to them, just as David and Jonathan 
were to each other? If you have a best friend or friends, remember how these two 
boys treated each other. Then you will know how to treat your friends. 

Look up the following verses in your 
Bible. (Ask your mother or dad to help 
you if you have difficulty finding them.) 
What does each verse say about friends? 

Unscramble the following sentence. 

nsdfire ear ndsfire rerfvoe. 

March 1994 



World Relief Helping California Church Coalition 
To Focus on Longer-Term Earthquake Response 

Wheaton, 111 — World Relief of the 
National Association of Evangelicals is 
assisting United Christian Response, a 
coalition of churches in southern Cal- 
ifornia, in providing trauma counseling, 
needs assessment, and volunteer crews 
for clean up and transportation to sur- 
vivors of the earthquake. 

At the request of the churches in the 
coalition, World Relief is providing ex- 
pertise to organize the coalition and is 
giving guidance based on its 50 years of 
disaster-response experience. 

A number of churches in the area in 
which the earthquake occurred estab- 
lished emergency shelters and provided 
food for victims immediately after the 
quake. But now churches are gearing up 
for a second phase of ministry. "Our goal 
in forming the coalition is to develop a 
long-term response to this massive cri- 
sis," said Terry Inman, pastor of North 
Hollywood Assembly of God Church. 
"We want to reach out to people from all 
backgrounds and cultures to show our 
concern and God's love in concrete ways." 

"If God has not given us this moment 
to show our good works, then what will 
be that moment?" said Jack Hayford, 
pastor of The Church on the Way in Van 
Nuys, Calif., to some 40 pastors and 
church leaders who gathered to discuss 

plans. "God has broken down a wall of 
blocked communications between eth- 
nic groups, believers and non-believers, 
and rich and poor. We now have an 
opportunity to start communicating 
among ourselves." 

Hayford and Inman brought church 
leaders together for the coalition, an 
effort made easier by the fact that 
churches are already working together 
for an upcoming Luis Palau crusade in 
the San Fernando Valley in June. 

"World Reliefs goal in times of disas- 
ters is to help interested churches de- 
velop a strong and effective united re- 
sponse in their communities that will 
have long-lasting results," said Bas 
Vanderzalm, World Reliefs international 
ministries director. "It's the relation- 
ships that church volunteers establish 
with disaster victims that will have the 
real impact. People experiencing churches 
caring for their needs will be more likely 
to respond to a crusade in June." 

Brethren can support World Reliefs 
church-based relief efforts in California 
by giving through their local churches 
or by sending contributions directly to 
The Brethren Church, 524 College Ave., 
Ashland, OH 44805. Please indicate that 
your contributions is for "Earthquake 

Billy A. Melvin to Step Down 
As Executive Director of N AE 

Wheaton, 111. — Dr. Billy A. Melvin 
has announced that he will retire from 
his position as executive director of the 
National Association of Evangelicals 
(NAE) on March 31, 1995. 

Upon his retirement, Dr. Melvin will 
have completed 28 years as head of 
NAE. Under his leadership the associa- 
tion has grown by 70 percent and now 
represents some 50,000 local churches 
from 75 denominations (including The 
Brethren Church), and more than 200 
para-church ministries and school. 

This broad network of evangelicals 
has become a major voice in the Ameri- 
can religious scene. It is the largest rep- 
resentation of evangelical denomina- 
tions, churches, and Christian organi- 
zations in the country. All members 
must subscribe to a Statement of Faith 
which requires belief in the Bible "as the 
inspired, the only infallible, authorita- 
tive Word of God." 

"[Dr. Melvin] has effectively brought 
evangelicals together and helped us ap- 


preciate the value of united action," said 
Dr. Don Argue, NAE president, com- 
menting on Melvin's decision to retire. 
"As a true Christian statesman, he has 
impacted all of our lives. The imprint of 
his convictions and vision for the evan- 
gelical community will forever be a part 
of NAE's history." 

A search committee has been named 
to find a replacement* for Dr. Melvin. 
The committee will bring its recommen- 
dation to the 1994 October meeting of 
NAE's Board of Administration. If 
elected, the new leader will assume of- 
fice immediately following the associa- 
tion's 53rd annual Convention to be 
held March 5-7, 1995. 

*Persons interested in applying for the po- 
sition are invited to submit a resume and a 
one-page statement of their personal theology 
and view of Christian unity by April 30, 1994. 
Correspondence should be addressed to Dr. 
John H. White, c/o NAE, 450 Gundersen Drive, 
Carol Stream, IL 60188. 

Truth and love go together. The mind 
grows by taking in truth; the heart 
grows by giving out love. 

— Warren Wiersbe 

Bible Club Gains Sanction 
From Arizona High School 

Tucson, Ariz. — After a four-month 
struggle with public school officials, a 
Bible study group at University High 
School in Tucson had its first official 
meeting on February 18, 1994. 

Jennifer Ponder, leader of the Bible 
club, contacted The Rutherford Insti- 
tute in November of 1993 for legal help 
when her school principal denied her 
permission to make the Bible study 
group an official school club, claiming 
that to do so would violate the separa- 
tion of church and state. 

Rutherford Institute attorney Doug- 
las Drury wrote a letter to the local 
school board explaining that the 
school's denial of the Bible club was not 
only a violation of students' constitu- 
tional rights, but a violation of the 
Equal Access Act as well. 

"The Equal Access Act of 1984 specifi- 
cally prohibits the denial of equal access 
to student groups simply because of 
their religious or political nature," 
Drury stated. 

According to Drury, once the school 
board realized what the law really says, 
they were cooperative and eventually 
consented to allow the Bible club. In 
fact, recently her school principal com- 
mended Jennifer Ponder for standing 
up for her beliefs and told her that the 
district had changed its policy on Bible 
clubs because of the action she had 

"This case is important because there 
is increasing pressure in public schools 
to remove any mention of religion, and 
the local governing bodies need to make 
sure that students don't lose their con- 
stitutional rights when they walk 
through the school door," said Drury. 

The Rutherford Institute is an inter- 
national, nonprofit civil liberties or- 
ganization specializing in the defense of 
religious liberty. 

Earthquake Not All Bad 

One detail overlooked by media cov- 
erage of the Los Angeles earthquake 
was that the heart of our nations' por- 
nography industry "happened" to co- 
incide with the epicenter of the quake. 

The communities of Chatsworth, Ca- 
nogo Park, and Northridge are home to 
approximately 70 companies that pro- 
duce more then 95 percent of our na- 
tion's output of porn videos. The largest 
of these companies, which normally pro- 
duces more than 100 obscene videos each 
year, was especially hard hit and lost its 
equipment and its video masters. 

The Brethren Evangelist 




Thirty-three Brethren from the Cen- 
tral District gathered at the Iowa Ma- 
chine Shed Restaurant in Davenport, 
Iowa, February 18-19 for the district's 
annual Davenport Conference. The 
event began with the Friday evening 
meal, after which Rev. Robert Schubert, 
associate pastor of the Lanark, 111., First 
Brethren Church, led the group in sing- 
ing, playing his guitar for accompani- 
ment. Then Rev. Gene Burry, co-pastor 
of the Hammond Avenue Brethren 
Church in Waterloo, Iowa, presented a 
message. The group met again Satur- 
day morning for breakfast, more sing- 
ing, and additional messages by Rev. 
Burry. The conference and the mes- 
sages by Rev. Burry inspired those pre- 

World Relief Launches 
Christian Volunteer Corps 

Nyack, N.Y. — World Relief of the Na- 
tional Association of Evangelicals re- 
cently launched a new domestic volun- 
teer program which offers Christians 
opportunities to meet people from the 
world's various cultures without ever 
leaving the United States. 

The Christian Volunteer Corps, part 
of World Reliefs Good Samaritan Net- 
work, will involve corps members in 
church-based ministry to refugees and 
immigrants in more that 25 locations 
around the U.S. The first corps volun- 
teers are working in Chicago, Miami, 
and San Francisco. 

Volunteers can serve in a number of 
locations — close to home or in another 
geographical setting. While giving six 
months to one year of service, volun- 
teers gain work experience and career- 
building skills as they minister to peo- 
ple who have fled persecution, violence, 
and hardship in their homelands. 

World Relief provides housing, food, 
health insurance, and a monthly allow- 
ance. Corps members work closely with 
committed bodies of believers and help 
them expand their ministries to those in 
need in the local community. 

For more information, contact pro- 
gram director Mark Dombrofski in 
Nyack, N.Y., at 1-800-647-6493. 

March 1994 

sent to realize that Christians can 
laugh, be joyful, and share their love 
with a God-centered life. 

Pastor Bill and Mrs. Gene Skel- 

don of the Oak Hill, W.Va., First Breth- 
ren Church made a visit to the Holy 
Land in February. This was his seventh 
trip to Palestine and her sixth. Rev. 
Skeldon looks upon his visits to the Holy 
Land as spiritual pilgrimages and con- 
siders the pilgrimage a "fifth gospel." 
The Skeldons made this visit with 15 
people (including the pastor and his wife) 
from the Oak Hill Church of the Naza- 
rene. Rev. Skeldon said this was his best 
trip ever, with perfect weather and a 
very knowledgeable guide. In fact, he 
felt so sorry for the folks of the Oak Hill 
First Brethren Church whom he left 
behind that he brought each one a gift. 

Dr. J.D. "Bud" Hamel, Pastor Emer- 
itus of the Sarasota, Fla., First Brethren 
Church, was presented the "Faithful 
Servant" award recently by the Sun- 
coast Evangelical Society. Dr. Hamel 
was given the award in recognition for 
his lifetime of leadership. 

T.J. McLaughlin and Ed Miller, 

members of the Pleasant View Brethren 
Church of Vandergrift, Pa., are going 
out of their way to serve the Lord and 
His church — literally. Last September 
these two men began driving to Ashland 
each Sunday afternoon to attend classes 
at Ashland Theological Seminary on 
Monday. Then they learned that the 

Fremont, Ohio, Brethren Church was 
without a pastor. So these men accepted 
the challenge to co-pastor this congrega- 
tion on a part-time basis. Now, every 
Saturday they leave their families be- 
hind and make the long drive to Fre- 
mont (in northwestern Ohio), where they 
preach and care for other pastoral re- 
sponsibilities on Sunday. Then they 
drive to Ashland, attend classes on Mon- 
day, and return home Monday night. 

Top Sponsors of TV Violence 

The following companies were the top spon- 
sors of violence on prime-time TV from October 
17 to November 13, 1993, according to the 
American Family Association (AFA). These find- 
ings are the results of monitoring done by AFA 
during the time period known as "tall sweeps." 

Sponsors were rated on an ad-ratio basis, 
that is, the total number of violent incidents 
sponsored was divided by the total number of 
thirty-second commercials run by the advertiser. 

1. Chrysler Corp. 

2. ConAgra, Inc. (Butterball, Hunts, Peter Pan) 

3. Burroughs Wellcome Co. (Actifed, 
Neosporin, Sudafed) 

4. Grand Metropolitan, Inc. (Alpo, Burger 
King, Pillsbury) 

5. Unilever United States Inc. (Dove, Ragu, 

6. Miles Inc. (Alka-Seltzer, S.O.S. soap pads) 

7. Helene Curtis Industries, Inc. (Degree, 
Finesse, Suave) 

8. Campbell Soup Co. 
9 PepsiCo 

10. Ciba-Geigy Corp. (Acutrim, Desenex, 

In Memory 

Mae Warfel, 83, February 27. Member for 61 
years of the Elkhart First Brethren Church. Serv- 
ices by Pastor Timothy P. Garner. 
Frances Pauline Wise, 80, February 21. Mem- 
ber for 50 years of the Elkhart First Brethren 
Church, where she sang in the choir, served as a 
Sunday school teacher, and was active in church 
auxiliaries. Services by Pastor Timothy P. Garner. 
James A. Davis, 50, February 17. Member for 
20 years of the Bryan First Brethren Church. 
Services by Pastor H. Raymond Aspinall. 
Gretchen French, 81, February 3. Regular at- 
tender and teacher for 27 years at Brethren House 
Ministries (St. Petersburg Brethren Church). She 
also regularly attended Florida District Conferences. 
Service by Pastor Phil Lersch. 
Clara Jenkins, 93, February 2. Member of the 
North Manchester First Brethren Church. Serv- 
ices by Pastor Marlin McCann. 
Margaret Malone, 78, February 2. Member for 
65 years of the Maurertown Brethren Church, 
where she served as a Sunday school teacher, 
church secretary, member of the official board, 
and W.M.S. member. Services by Pastor Richard 

Von B.Tate, 81, February 1. Member since 1973 
of the North Manchester First Brethren Church. 
Services by Pastor Marlin McCann. 
Donald R. Baker, 65, January 31. Member for 

14 years of the Louisville First Brethren Church 
and co-chair with his wife, Betty, of the deacon 
board. He also served as teacher of the Young 
Adult Sunday school class and was co-chair of 
the church building committee at the time of his 
death. Memorial service by Pastor James Koontz. 
Edward F. Shawley, 44, January 10. Member 
for 18 years of the Valley Brethren Church. Serv- 
ices by Pastor Bill Yoder. 
Cletus A. Culler, 86, December 16. Member for 
37 years of the Louisville First Brethren Church. 
Services by Pastor James Koontz. 
H. Florence Bates, 76, September 19. Member 
for 29 years of the Lousiville First Brethren 
Church. Services by Pastor James Koontz. 


Loren and Estella Keslar, 50th, March 15. Mem- 
bers of the Valley Brethren Church. 
Earl and Esther Derrer, 70th, February 7. (Also 
Mr. Derrer's 92nd birthday.) Members of the 
Lanark First Brethren Church. 

Membership Growth 

Lanark: 2 by transfer 

New Lebanon: 2 by transfer 

Pleasant View: 1 by baptism 

Valley: 3 by baptism, 1 by transfer 

St. Luke: 3 by baptism, 2 by transfer 


- '■•:":-'•: 

My Missionary 
Faith Promise 

In dependence upon God and in faith that he will supply, I will endeavor 
to give toward the worldwide missionary ministry of my church the 
amount of: 





Annual Total: $ 

I am reminded that a FA] (SE of giving is an agreement be- 

tween an individual and God to give to missions that which God enables 
to be given over and above regular giving. FAITH PROMISE is not a 
pledge to be collected. It is a promise to God - an act of faith wherein one 
states the amount he (she) believes God will enable them to give to 
missions during the year. The basis of FAITH PROMISE is a relationship 
between the individual and God. Explanations for non-payment are given 
to God alone. No individual record is kept. No one is to be contacted. The 
Christian who takes seriously the missionary mandate (Matthew 28:18-20) 
is encouraged to ask God what amount He should be trusted to provide. 
A FAITH PROMISE is made not on the basis of what one has to give, 
but on the basis of what is believed God will provide. 

Date of Promise 


separate and keep above as a personal reminder. . . . 


In dependence upon God and in faith that He will supply, I will endeavor 
to give toward the worldwide missionary ministry of my church the 
amount of: 

$ (weekly) (monthly) (yearly) 

Without Name turn this portion into the church. 


(MBBC 3/87) 



PHONE (419) 289-1708 

, HJ ; J -| 

- U <3. 

I ■■•■' > 

Resultions on: 

Health Care Reform and 
Termination of Medical Treatment 

The two resolutions below were passed by the National Association of Evangelicals at its 52nd 
annual convention held March 6-8 at Dallas-Fort Worth, Texas. Because the subjects of these 
resolutions are of considerable interest to many Christians, the complete texts of the resolutions 
are being printed here. 

Health Care Reform 

The Congress of the United States is 
considering various health care reform 
proposals which will affect every Ameri- 
can, all businesses and most institu- 
tions, including church-related hospi- 
tals and clinics. 

The need for change seems evident. 
Health care inflation rates are nearly 
double that of general inflationary rates. 
In addition, it is troubling that so many 
Americans are without health insur- 
ance — some voluntarily, others for short 
periods of time, still others due to unem- 
ployment and factors beyond their con- 
trol, and millions because they are un- 
insurable. The National Association of 
Evangelicals (NAE), therefore, welcomes 
health care reform and suggests the 
following principles should guide the 

• Abortion is not health care. Any health 
care plan which includes coverage for 
elective abortion should be rejected. 
This includes abortion referral, pay- 
ment for abortion, or the training of 
medical personnel for abortion prac- 

• Euthanasia should never be endorsed 
by government or surrogates, includ- 
ing mandatory health alliances. Fur- 
thermore, the right of people with dis- 
abilities to adequate medical care 
must be safeguarded. Budgetary caps 
could eventually require health care 
rationing; and if universal rationing 
of medical services occurs without 
government prohibition of euthana- 
sia and protection of people with dis- 
abilities, the nation could enter a slip- 
pery slope toward an unacceptable 
"quality of life" ethic. 

• Any health care plan should reinforce, 
not undermine, personal responsibil- 
ity. Persons who engage in behavior 
which adversely affects their health, 
such as smoking, drug and alcohol 
abuse, promiscuity and over-eating, 
should be responsible for the addi- 
tional medical liability. 

• Since the cost of health care has risen 
significantly because of medical mal- 

practice insurance, apparent frivo- 
lous claims, and extreme awards, cor- 
rective action through judicial and 
tort law reform is necessary without 
compromising the ability of injured 
persons to receive just compensation. 
Recognizing the need for health care 
reforms and the desire to make health 
care available to all but also recognizing 
the complexity of the challenge, the Na- 

tional Association of Evangelicals (NAE) 
calls upon the President and members 
of Congress to diligently seek to make 
health care accessible to all; to promote 
judicial and tort law reform which will 
bring into balance legitimate claims and 
fair compensation; to enlist the counsel 
and help of governmental institutions, 
social agencies, insurance companies 
and churches to establish health care 
provisions which will maximize the 
creativity of the private sector while 
minimizing governmental control. [ft] 

Termination of Medical Treatment 

Human beings are made in the image 
of God and are, therefore, of inestimable 
worth. God has given people the highest 
dignity of all creation. Such human dig- 
nity prohibits euthanasia, that is, ac- 
tively causing a person's death. 

In the past 30 years, medical technol- 
ogy has developed systems that have 
enabled physicians to more effectively 
care for their patients and save lives 
that would otherwise be lost. However, 
this technology has also resulted in the 
possibility of prolonging the dying proc- 
ess beyond its normal course. This often 
causes great suffering, not only for the 
patient, but also for the family, friends 
and caregivers. 

Such technology also raises moral 
questions. For example, is it moral to 
withdraw a life-support system which is 
believed to be an inappropriate exten- 
sion of the dying process? The National 
Association of Evangelicals (NAE) be- 
lieves that in cases where patients are 
terminally ill, death appears imminent 
and treatment offers no medical hope 
for a cure, it is morally appropriate to 
request the withdrawal of life-support 
systems, allowing natural death to oc- 
cur. In such cases, every effort should be 
made to keep the patient free of pain 
and suffering, with emotional and spiri- 
tual support being provided until the 
patient dies. 

When a person's cerebral cortex dies, 
is it moral for the family or medical staff 
to withdraw life-support systems? The 

National Association of Evangelicals 
believes that in cases where extensive 
brain injury has occurred and there is 
clear medical indication that the pa- 
tient has suffered brain death (perma- 
nent unconscious state), no medical 
treatment can reverse the process. 
(Brain death is not the equivalent of a 
coma. A patient might awaken from a 
coma, but not from brain death.) Re- 
moval of any life-support system at this 
time is morally appropriate and allows 
the dying process to proceed. Under 
such circumstances, appropriate action 
is best taken where there is guidance 
from a signed "living will" or a durable 
power of attorney for health care. 
Where there is no "living will" or dura- 
ble power of attorney for health care, 
the decision to withdraw life support 
should be made by the family and/or 
closest friends in consultation with a 
member of the clergy, when available, 
and the medical staff. 

NAE acknowledges that the with- 
drawal of life-support systems is an 
emotional and difficult issue. However, 
we believe that medical treatment that 
serves only to prolong the dying process 
has little value. It is better that the 
dying process be allowed to continue 
and the patient permitted to die. 

This is especially true of those who 
know Jesus Christ as Savior and Lord. 
For as the Apostle Paul said: "To be 
absent from the body is to be present 
with the Lord" (2 Cor. 5:8). [ft] 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Funderburg Library 


North Manchester, IN 46962 

April 1994 
Volume 116, Number 4 

The Brethren Evangelist 

(ISSN 0747-4288) 


Richard C. Winfield 

Children's Page 

Sandi Rowsey 

Editorial and 
Business Office 

524 College Avenue 

Ashland, OH 44805-3792 

Phone: 419-289-1708 

Published: Monthly (except 
July and August issues are 
combined) by The Brethren 
Church, Inc., 524 College Ave., 
Ashland, OH 44805-3792. Au- 
thors' views are not necessarily 
those of The Brethren Church. 

Subscription Rates: One 

year, $11.50 for 100% church 
lists; $13.50 for church lists 
of five or more names; $14.50 
for individual subscriptions. 
Single-copy price, $1.50. 

Change of Address: Please 
send notice at least three 
weeks in advance. Copy old ad- 
dress from back of magazine 
and send with new address. 

Manuscript Policy: While 
some unsolicited manuscripts 
are accepted, a query letter 
sent first describing a proposed 
manuscript is preferred. In- 
clude a self-addressed, stamped 
envelope with all manuscripts. 
Suggestions and forms for re- 
porting news items are avail- 
able upon request. 

Advertising: The Evangelist 
accepts a limited amount of ad- 
vertising per issue. Rates are 
available upon request. 

Postmaster: Please send Form 
3579 to The Brethren Church, 
524 College Ave., Ashland, OH 

Second Class Postage: Paid 
at Ashland, Ohio. 

Member: Evangelical Press 

April 1994 


Health Care Reform and Termination of Medical Treatment 

Resolutions passed by the National Association of Evangelicals. 

Continuing An Unfinished Journey to Russia by James Hollinger 
Wearing his shoes, others walk in the steps that Mark Baker had 
planned to take before his untimely death. 

A Fire in the Land by Ray Allison 

A poem about spiritual hunger and need in Russia. 

1993 Financial Report for The Brethren Church, Inc. 

by Ronald W. Waters 

Some good news about last year's bottom line. 

Bound Together by Love by James C. Koontz 

A look at the blessings, power, and cords of Christian unity. 

Historic Brethren Slogans About the Bible by Dale R. Stoffer 
The second of three articles on mottoes that have served as sum- 
maries of our basic beliefs about Scripture. 

Summary of The Brethren Church Financial and Organiza- 
tional Study 

Overview of a report prepared by Consultant Norman L. Edwards. 



Ministry Pages Brethren World Relief 

World Relief: A Mission to Change Lives by Art Gay 12 

Secrets of "Great-Giving" Churches by Richard Winfield 14 




From the Grape Vine 
3 Children's Page 

16 by Sandi Rowsey 


Answers to the Little Crusader page: 

See the Word Box at the right. 

1. Our neighbor is anyone, particularly someone in 

2. We should love our neighbors and help them 

if they have a need, as the Good Samaritan did. 

c£K Pontius' Puddle 

H I O R C 
A Q N N K 
T S M O L 
C H J T G 


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TM-K BEHIND Wt 2t£Y.\ 




An Unfinished Journey to Russia 

By James Hollinger 

LATE on the morning of August 
6, 1993, I found myself sitting 
in the final session of the 105th 
General Conference of The Breth- 
ren Church, held in the convoca- 
tion Center of Ashland University. 
We were concluding a Conference 
that had had as its theme, "Wit- 
nesses to the World." We had been 
challenged to witness more to the 
world. We had been challenged to 
pray more fervently in Concerts of 
Prayer. Now the BYIC was chal- 
lenging us adults to be more ear- 
nest in our Christian walk. And 
Moderator-Elect Russ Gordon was 
challenging us with a wake-up call. 
But my concentration kept get- 
ting interrupted by other thoughts 
that flooded my soul. My mind kept 
flashing back to the concluding ses- 
sion of General Conference one year 
earlier, held in Memorial Chapel. 
During that session, another Mod- 
erator-Elect, Rev. Glenn Grumbling, 
called an exhausted but exuberant 
Mark Baker to the platform to 
share some thoughts about his 

Dr. Hollinger, a member of the Jef- 
ferson Brethren Church, is a surgeon 
with a practice in Goshen, Indiana. 

just-completed trip to Russia with 
Josh McDowell Ministries' "Mis- 
sion to Russia 92." Mark talked 
with excitement and passion about 
the people of Russia and their ex- 
treme hunger for spiritual things. 

A strong call to return 

I was to learn later that Mark 
felt a strong call from God to re- 
turn to Russia for an extended 
period of time to help introduce a 
curriculum entitled "Christian 
Ethics and Morality, a Foundation 
for Society" into the public schools 
of Russia. (See "An Unfinished Jour- 
ney tc Russia" by Mark Baker, Octo- 
ber 1992 Evangelist, pp. 4-5.) 

As I sat there in the final session 
of the 1993 General Conference, my 
mind also scanned the many events 
that had taken place in Mark's life 
following his decision to return to 
Russia. He had helped coordinate 
a massive effort in the Michiana 
area (lower Michigan, upper Indi- 
ana) to collect shoes and boots for 
Carelift for Kids 93. This effort 
brought in 36,000 pairs of shoes, 
socks, and boots. These were gath- 
ered into a warehouse, sorted, then 
shipped to Pennsylvania, from where 

they were sent to Russia in time 
for distribution in early winter. 

Mark had also successfully raised 
support for his year of missionary 
service in Russia. He had resigned 
his position as buyer/manager for 
Bethel Publishing Company. And he 
had been consecrated for his up- 
coming mission service. He had be- 
gun leading practice sessions for a 
Christmas cantata, when suddenly, 
on December 8, 1992, he was taken 
seriously ill. 

We spent many hours in soul- 
searching, heart-wrenching, concen- 
trated prayer for Mark. God miracu- 
lously intervened, and Mark re- 
covered and was released from the 
hospital. (See "A Significant Day in 
The Brethren Church," February 1993 
Evangelist, pp. 8-9.) After more 
weeks of recuperation, Mark was 
able to sing once again. We saw 
him make preparations for his re- 
turn to Bethel Bookstore. But then 
suddenly, unexpectedly, he was 
taken from us. 

These were the thoughts that 
flooded my mind, sending me on a 
roller coaster of emotions, as I sat 
in that General Conference ses- 
sion. The thoughts were intensified 

The Brethren Evangelist 

by the fact that on my 
feet were a pair of 
Mark's shoes, which I 
planned to wear to Rus- 
sia. For even as a sat in 
that session, I was plan- 
ning to slip out before 
the final "Amen" in order 
to head for the Cleveland 
airport, from which I 
would embark on my 
own journey to Russia. I 
would fly to New York 
City, where I would meet 
the rest of a team from 
northern Indiana that 
was part of Mission to 
Russia 93 (MTR 93). 

Even though Mark had 
passed away, his vision, 
his dedication, and his 
call had not died. Follow- 
ing his release from the 
hospital, Mark had talked 
to Ray Allison, a member of the 

Jefferson Brethren Church, where 
I attend. Mark had challenged Ray 
to consider mission work in some 
capacity. After Mark's death, Ray 
challenged the Jefferson congrega- 
tion to continue in some small way 
Mark's calling. As a result, the 
Mission Ministry of the church had 
recommended to the congregation 
that MTR 93 be one of our above- 
budget, short-term mission pro- 
jects for 1993. Meanwhile, my own 
daughter, Cindy, had been chal- 
lenged by Josh McDowell at a 
Christmas vacation student con- 
ference in Indianapolis to consider 
short-term mission work in Russia. 

A vision continued 

After being challenged by Ray, 
Cindy, and others, and remember- 
ing Mark's passion for the people 
in Russia, I decided to participate 
in Mission to Russia 93. Having 
made that decision, I was asked, 
along with Ray, if we would be will- 
ing to wear in Russia a pair of shoes 
that had been given to Mark in 
preparation for his year of service 
there. Thus, symbolically, Mark's 
vision for the Russian people would 
be continued. 

So it was that Mark's shoes left 
Ashland University, traveled to 
Cleveland-Hopkins airport, then to 
John F. Kennedy airport in New 
York, through Helsinki, Finland, and 
finally on to Moscow Russia, on the 

April 1994 

Mark Baker with one of the shoes of the pair that 
he had planned to wear to Russia. 

journey that Mark himself was un- 
able to make. 

During the next ten days, Ray and 
I traded off wearing those shoes — 
through the streets of Moscow, into 

Ray Allison wearing Mark's shoes in 

train stations, subway stations, mar- 
ket places, and through Red Square. 
Everywhere we turned as we wore 
those shoes, we found people who 
were hungry for the printed litera- 

A Fire in the Land 

A fire is burning in the land 

of a nation in despair, 
A voice that cries out to be fed; 

is there anyone to care? 
The hunger of many people, 

not satisfied with bread. 
Their souls call out for answers, 

seeking to be led. 
A people wandering aimlessly 

with no direction and no hope. 
"How can we survive?" they ask. 

"How do you expect us to cope?" 
The dirty little hands that beg 

and plead for more; 
The sad eyes and broken spirit 

of generations so poor. 
An elderly face hardened 

by labor and war. 
Tears flow of memories past, 

the siege of St. Pete 

a survivor did last. 
O' land that cries, 

your savior was born, 
Dry your eyes 

and rejoice this morn. 
Salvation Is only a page away, 

say this prayer 
And in your heart He'll stay. 
"Dear Lord, I'm a sinner, 

I'll confess I'm lost. 
I believe In you, Jesus, 

you paid the cost. 
God, you sent us your son, 

He took our blame, 
So blow, dear Jesus, 

and fan the flame. " 
A fire ts burning in the land, 

with a message of hope 

and an outstretched hand. 
God's word has the truth 

so read with Intent, 
His message Is clear, 

believe and repent. 
Be thirsty no more 

His bread feeds the soul. 
Drink up His Spirit, 

make yourself whole. 
Yes, a fire Is burning 

across the land, 
A message of love 

to all man. 

— Ray Allison 

ture we offered them. Our primary 
volume was the book More Than a 
Carpenter by Josh McDowell, with 
the Gospel of John bound in that 
same volume. These had been print- 
ed on Russian printing presses for 
about eleven cents a copy. Together, 

we and the other MTR 93 teams 
were able to distribute nearly a 
million pieces of literature in sev- 
eral cities in Russia. 

After a short stay in Moscow, we 
wore Mark's shoe to Nizhniy Nov- 
gorod (Gorky) and finally to St. Pe- 
tersburg. Everywhere we went, we 
received a friendly reception, and 
for the most part people were eager 
to devour the literature we gave 
them. Investigation has revealed 
that many pieces of literature are 
read by as many as 20 people. Thus 
the effectiveness of each piece of 
literature is multiplied. 

As a result of this whirlwind trip 
of three Russian cities, we had got- 
ten at least a brief glimpse of the 
lives of Russian people, and we had 
witnessed their hunger for knowl- 
edge. But we had also seen evi- 
dence of the numerous cults that 
are springing up, offering to fill the 
spiritual vacuum that is so evident 

there. We had discovered a whole 
generation of people who have not 
had enough exposure to truth to be 
able readily to discern truth from 
lies. This challenges us to pray even 
more fervently that the Holy Spirit 
will give a spirit of discernment to 
this people. 

Recent happenings 

Since our return from Russia last 
August, many more things have 
happened as a part of the "Unfin- 
ished Journey to Russia." Soon af- 
ter we arrived home, Carelift 94 was 
begun, gathering school supplies for 
Russian children. These were once 
again sent to Pennsylvania, where 
they were packed and shipped in 
large sea-going containers to Rus- 
sia. In addition, 100,000 salvation 
bracelets were made by Christians 
in the Michiana area and shipped 
to Russia, to be shared with chil- 
dren and adults there. 

Ray Allison just recently returned 
from Carelift for Kids 94, during 
which he was able to once again 
wear Mark's shoes in Russia. This 
time he had the opportunity to walk 
into schools and orphanages with 
school supplies, literature, and 
other humanitarian aid. Mission to 
Russia 94 has also been set for 
July 8 to 18, and several from the 
National BYIC are planning to 
continue the "Unfinished Journey'' 
as a part of that venture. 

All of us as Christians continue 
to be challenged to be witnesses to 
the world, whether we are called to 
that part of the world that is in our 
own neighborhood or our place of 
employment, or whether we are 
called to be part of a short-term 
mission project in some other city 
or some country around the world. 
Who will write the next chapter in 
the continuing story of the "Unfin- 
ished Journey"? [i>] 

1993 Financial Report 
For The Brethren Church, Inc. 

By Ronald W. Waters 
Director of Brethren Church Ministries and Treasurer 

Inc., ended 1993 in much bet- 
ter financial condition than antici- 
pated, thanks to significant cost- 
cutting and the generous support 
of our churches. A complete report 
will be provided at General Confer- 
ence, but I want to report the good 
news to you in advance. 

In our working budget, we had 
anticipated a $43,675 loss. Instead, 
I am happy to report the pleasant 
news that we had a $33,688 sur- 
plus over expenses. 

You may be asking, "How could 
we have a $77,000-plus turnaround 
from the projections?" Believe me, 
I had the same question! Following 
are some of the reasons that the 
report is so positive. 
1. Fair Share Support for Breth- 
ren Church Ministries was up 
$13,000 over 1992 receipts (up 
$22,000 over budget projec- 
tions). The increased giving 
was received mostly during the 
months of June, July, and Au- 
gust, immediately after the pro- 

posal for organizational cuts 
was released. 

2. Other contributions were up over 
$8,000, due to a generous gift 
from National Brethren Youth 
and a larger than normal Gen- 
eral Conference offering. 

3. We had one-time income of 
nearly $10,000 from the sale of 

4. Ministry project expenses were 
nearly $20,000 below projections 
for several reasons, but largely 
because a smaller number of 
churches participated in Pass- 
ing On the Promise than pro- 
jected. (This category also in- 
cludes the National BYIC Con- 
vention, denominational youth 
ministry, Crusader Program, and 
commission projects.) 

5. Salaries and related expenses 
were $12,600 below projections 
because of staff reductions, in- 
cluding cost savings for my study 

6. We also reduced expenses be- 
low projections in the following 

categories: printing and promo- 
tion ($5,100), staff travel ($4,700), 
net designated distributions 
($1,400), GCEC/commission 
meeting expenses ($1,600), and 
General Conference ($1,000). 
7. We wrote down the value of 
Brethren publications inven- 
tory to the tune of about $7,000. 
Also, we incurred about $3,000 
in expenses for the Special 
Committee for Financial and 
Organizational Planning that 
was covered by special gifts in 
1994. (These items actually re- 
duced the amount of surplus.) 
While this is a positive report, it 
does call for continued and diligent 
support from all our churches. Some 
of the extra income was possible on 
a one-time basis. Some of the sav- 
ings, particularly in the area of 
salary and related expenses, is 
also temporary. 

On behalf of GCEC, I want to ex- 
press our thanks for your support 
during the past year and in the fu- 
ture as well. [ft] 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Bound Together by Love 

By James C. Koontz 

MY FATHER recently returned 
from helping a small commu- 
nity in northwestern Missouri to 
make repairs and to clean up from 
the devastating flood that occurred 
last summer. He told us that the 
damage done by that flood was 
greater than our wildest dreams. 

The people in the small town 
where my father worked said that 
what had happened to them was 
indeed terrible. But they added 
that the flood did have its good 
points. As a result of the flood, they 
had drawn much closer to one an- 
other, and they had a greater sense 
of unity than they had ever had 

A farmer who needed to be plant- 
ing oats was driving a tractor with 
a bucket on it through the streets 
of the town so that people could 
put their trash into it for him to 
haul away. When the people of the 
town asked what they could do to 
help him get his crops planted, he 
would reply, "Don't worry about help- 
ing me. This is one very small way 
I can help those who really need it 
so much." 

Unity is a force that binds indi- 
viduals together enabling them to 
do things they could never do alone. 
In a world where news of dishar- 
mony, corruption, mistrust, and re- 
volt are common, we need a strong 
bond of unity among us as Chris- 
tians, as Brethren, as local congre- 
gations, as districts, and as a de- 
nomination, beneath the banner of 
Jesus Christ. It must draw us to- 

Rev. Koontz is pastor of the First 
Brethren Church in Louisville, Ohio. 

This is an edited version of a mes- 
sage Rev. Koontz presented, as the con- 
ference moderator-elect, to the Ohio 
District Conference held March 12 at 
the Gretna Brethren Church. (See page 
1 6 for a report of that conference.) 

April 1994 

gether tighter than denomination- 
al or district affiliations. It must 
bind us tighter than themes and 
common goals, which are short- 
lived and need to be renewed peri- 

Let us look, therefore, at the bless- 
ings of unity, the power of unity, 
and the divinely directed cords of 

The blessings of unity 

The blessings of unity are illus- 
trated for us in Psalm 133. The 
first verse of that Psalm states: 
"How good and pleasant it is when 
brothers live together in unity!" 

The word unity in this verse 
means to be or become one, to unite 
as one in a particular place. Such 
unity has the ability to attract, to 
draw others to it. 

David likens this unity to the 
precious anointing oil that was 
poured on Aaron's head when he 
was set apart as high priest. That 
oil had a rich, fragrant aroma. When 
Aaron was anointed, he was not just 
dabbed with a spot of oil, as we do 
when we anoint someone who is 
sick. Rather, so much oil was used 
that it ran down his head, onto his 
beard, and onto his robes. Possibly 
it even dripped onto the ground at 
his feet. 

The scent of the oil filled the air, 
riveting everyone's attention upon 
the ceremony of setting Aaron 
apart. What joy! What excitement! 
What an experience of renewal, 
blessing, and inspiration it must 
have been for the nation of Israel 
at that time! We experience some 
of this same excitement, this same 
blessing and inspiration, when we 
set apart someone for God's work 
as a pastor or as a deacon or dea- 

The psalmist goes on to compare 
the blessings of unity to the dew 

that falls on Hermon. The dew on 
Mount Hermon is sometimes so 
heavy that it looks as though a hard 
rain had occurred. These dews 
water the mountainside, causing 
the vegetation to become lush and 
the cultivated areas to grow. 

In Isaiah 26:19 the prophet uses 
dew as a symbol of resurrection and 
new life. Here in Psalm 133 the 
psalmist symbolically carries the 
dew of Hermon to Mount Zion, the 
Temple area of Jerusalem. He 
says, "It is as if the dew of Hermon 
were falling on Mount Zion." 

In contrast to Hermon, Mount Zion 
is an arid region. If the dews of 
Hermon were to fall on Mount Zion, 
they would refresh and revitalize 
it. Such are the blessings of unity, 
as God bestows the blessings of life 
evermore on His people. 

Thus David describes the bless- 
ings of unity of fellow Israelites, of 
fellow Christians, of fellow Breth- 
ren. Unity exudes a life-giving aroma 
that is very pleasing to all who are 
near. Unity among God's people is 
something that refreshes, that brings 
healing, that invigorates the body 
of believers, as well as the rest of 
the world. It is a rich blessing to 
all who experience it. 

The power of unity 

To illustrate the power of unity, 
let us look at a passage in Second 
Chronicles 30. This chapter records 
how King Hezekiah sent couriers 
throughout Israel calling the peo- 
ple together to celebrate the Pass- 
over. The people had not gathered 
in large numbers to celebrate the 
Passover for many years. In the 
northern tribes, a few of the people 
humbled themselves and went to 
Jerusalem to celebrate. But for the 
most part, the people scorned, ridi- 
culed, and laughed at these mes- 
sengers, (continued on next page) 

In Judah, however, the response 
was quite different. There the hand 
of the Lord was on the people, giv- 
ing them unity of mind — literally 
one heart. This unity centered on 
carrying out what the king and his 
officials had ordered — following the 
word of the Lord. They repented; 
they worshiped; they prayed; they 
sacrificed together with one heart. 
They did these things for seven 
days, then decided to continue for 
another seven days. 

Note what took place as a result: 
"The priests and the Levites stood 
to bless the people, and God heard 
them, for their prayer reached 
heaven, his holy dwelling place" (v. 
27). God heard their prayers. When 
we are humbly united in whole- 
hearted praise and worship of God, 
our prayers are heard. And God 
will heal our land and bless the work 
of our hand. That is the power of 
believers who are humbly united 
as one in wholehearted worship of 
God. He hears our prayers and heals. 

The cords of unity 

In Colossians 3 we find God's di- 
rectives for developing this kind of 
unity. Verse one tells us to "set our 
hearts on things above." Jesus said 
that where our treasure is, that is 
where our hearts will be also. So 
we are to make things above our 
treasure. Verse 2 tells us that we 
are also to "set our minds on things 
above." We are to look at life from 
a heavenly, eternal perspective. 

Our lives are to be "hidden in 
Christ" (v. 3). Christ is to be our 
life. We are not our own; we have 
been bought with a price, and that 
price was Christ's death on the 
cross. He is to be our focus and our 
source of direction. And when that 
is the case, He gives us abundant 
life here and now and everlasting 
life in the world to come. 

In verses 9-17 Paul lists behav- 
iors and virtues that we who are in 
Christ should possess for one an- 
other. In verse 14 he says that love 
is the cord that binds all these 
other virtues together in perfect 
unity. This love is the kind that 
seeks what is best for another. It is 


the kind that lays aside self for an- 
other person. It is the kind of love 
demonstrated by that farmer in 
the small Missouri town, who in- 
stead of planting oats was helping 
his neighbors who lived in town. 

Look what love does. It binds 
everything together into perfec- 
tion, into perfect unity (v. 14). The 
emphasis here is on the oneness of 
community, which is united into one 

The unity spoken of here is not 
that of a Lincoln Log house,* which 
though joined together into one 
structure has weak links, poor sta- 
bility, and can easily be knocked 
over. The people in some churches 
are like that. They are merely af- 
filiated with the church through 
regular attendance, but they are 
not willing to commit themselves 
to the full responsibilities of mem- 

Nor is it the unity of a house made 
of Lego bricks,* which has stronger 
connections and greater stability 
than a Lincoln Log house, but can 
still be taken apart without much 
difficulty. People in churches with 
this kind of unity become members 
and contribute financially to the 
work of the church, but they are 
only lightly involved in the minis- 
tries and work of the church locally 
and at the district and denomina- 
tional levels. 

"Unity exudes a life-giving 
aroma that is very pleas- 
ing to all who are near. 
. . . It is a rich blessing to 
all who experience it.*' 

God illustrates the unity He de- 
sires by pointing to the human 
body. It takes a great force to tear 
the body apart, because it is knit 
together with bones and tendons 
and ligaments and muscles. The 
church with this kind of unity will 
weather many strong storms. 

'When he gave this message at the Ohio 
District Conference, Rev. Koontz had two 
small houses on the platform, one con- 
structed of Lincoln Logs and the other of 
Lego bricks, which he used to illustrate this 
part of his message. 

Paul tells us in Ephesians 4:15- 
16 that we are to grow up into Him 
who is the Head, that is, Christ, 
through whom the whole body, 
joined and held together by every 
supporting ligament, grows and 
builds itself up in love, as each 
part does its work. There we have 
it. When we are fully one in Christ, 
we become a body which is very 
difficult to take apart.** 

"Imagine what we could do 
as Brethren if we were 
united as one body in 
heart, soul, and mind for 
the Lord Jesus Christ." 

During Bill Clinton's presidential 
campaign, the homosexual element 
of our society rallied around him 
so strongly that some even sold 
their expensive homes and lived in 
their cars in order to donate the 
proceeds from the sale of their 
homes to his campaign. A number 
of militant homosexuals hold down 
jobs with salaries in six figures. 
Monthly they gave large amounts 
of their income to Clinton's cam- 
paign. They united together in or- 
der to get their candidate into the 
White House. Granted, they didn't 
put him there alone, since they con- 
stitute less that 10 percent of our 
nation's population. But this does 
illustrate what a group can accom- 
plish when it is unified by a com- 
mon goal. 

Imagine what we could do as 
Brethren if we were united as one 
body in heart, soul, and mind for 
the Lord Jesus Christ. Think of 
the pleasing, refreshing aroma of 
love, forgiveness, and patience we 
would exude that would bring heal- 
ing to hearts and lives. That is what 
being a Christian is all about. Let 
our prayer be: 

Bind us together, Lord; bind us 
with cords that cannot be broken; 
bind us together with LOVE. [tf] 

**In the original message, Rev. Koontz 
included here three recommendations for 
achieving greater unity in the Ohio District. 
See the report of the Ohio District Confer- 
ence on page 16 for a summary of these 

The Brethren Evangelist 

the Bible 

DURING MUCH of their history, 
the Brethren have been fond of 
certain slogans that have served as 
summary statements about their con- 
victions regarding Scripture. This ar- 
ticle is the second in a series devoted 
to three of these Brethren slogans. 

'The Bible, 

the whole Bible, 

and nothing but the Bible" 

Probably the most often recited slo- 
gan in The Brethren Church has been 
"The Bible, the whole Bible, and noth- 
ing but the Bible" or its counterpart, 
"The Gospel, the whole Gospel, and 
nothing but the Gospel." This slogan 
came to prominence in the Progres- 
sive movement of the 1870s and early 
1880s, and continued to be used fre- 
quently up through the 1950s. 

The Progressive movement actually 
borrowed this motto from the Disci- 
ples of Christ. But its origins go back 
to the Anglican William Chillingworth, 
who, in a pamphlet he wrote in 1635, 
stated: "The Bible, the Bible, I say, 
the Bible only, is the Religion of Prot- 

Invariably, the appearances of this 
saying prior to the division in the 
early 1880s are found in the writings 
of the Progressive Brethren. One of 
the first occurrences of the slogan is 
in B.F. Moomaw's 1872 encourage- 
ment to readers to "engage fully in 
[God's] service, with this motto as your 

'B.F. Moomaw, "Letter of Inquiry An- 

Dr. Stoffer is assistant professor of 
historical theology at Ashland Theolog- 
ical Seminary. He serves on The Breth- 
ren Church's Committee on Doctrine, 
Research, and Publication, which is 
preparing this series of articles. 

April 1994 

Historic Brethren Slogans 
About the Bible 

Second of Three Parts 

By Dale R. Stoffer 

The emphasis in this slogan has 
fallen on different phrases over the 
course of the history of The Brethren 
Church. At the time of the 1882- 
1883 division with the German Bap- 
tist Brethren, Brethren Church lead- 
ers emphasized the third phrase, "noth- 
ing but the Gospel." 

This is demonstrated in a resolu- 
tion adopted by the Progressive Breth- 
ren immediately after Henry Holsin- 
ger was officially disfellowshipped by 
the German Baptist Brethren. The 
resolution stated, "Resolved, That our 
motto shall be the Bible, and nothing 
but the Bible." By emphasizing this 
part of the slogan, the leaders of the 
Progressive Brethren movement were 
clearly setting themselves against 
what they perceived as additions to 
the gospel in the form of "mandatory 
legislation" passed by the Brethren 
Annual Meeting. This legislation, to- 
gether with other unwritten traditions, 
formed what was known as the "or- 
der of the Brethren," which was held 
to have the same authority as Scrip- 
ture itself. To the Progressives, this 
position was a distortion of the pure 
gospel given through Christ. 

A new emphasis 

As The Brethren Church moved be- 
yond the division of the 1880s and into 
the mainstream of American relig- 
ious life, a new emphasis appeared in 
die Brethren motto. Because die Breth- 
ren upheld some beliefs and practices 
that were unique within the larger 
Protestant church (trine immersion, 
feetwashing, the Love Feast, nonresist- 
ance, the anointing service), they be- 
gan to give added stress to the second 
part of die motto, "die whole gospel." 

The Brethren found their unique 

swered," The Gospel Visitor 22 (September 
1872): p. 275. 

2 Roger E. Sappington, ed., The Brethren 
in Industrial America (Elgin: The Brethren 
Press, 1985), pp. 459-461. 

place among American denominations 
because they were willing to maintain 
certain beliefs and practices that other 
groups considered unimportant or 
unnecessary. This traditional Breth- 
ren desire to obey all the teachings 
and examples of Christ and His apos- 
tles was captured in the "whole gos- 
pel plea," as it came to be known. 

Liberalism and fundamentalism 

Interestingly, this Brethren motto 
was used to preserve important 
Brethren positions in controversies 
with both liberalism and fundamental- 
ism. Against liberal tendencies to un- 
dermine the authority of Scripture, 
the motto was reaffirmed in "The 
Message of the Brethren Ministry" in 
1921 to stress that our final authority 
remains the Bible, not human reason 
or experience. Against the fundamen- 
talist attempt to make "The Message 
of the Brethren Ministry" into a bind- 
ing creed in 1938, Brethren leaders 
(even some Grace Brethren) held 
that the "Bible-alone" foundation of 
the church would be jeopardized by 
such an action. 

This Brethren motto has thus 
served to reinforce the truths that, as 
Brethren, we seek to practice and 
obey all that we find in Scripture, and 
that we need no other authority than 
the Bible. Creeds, confessions, An- 
nual Meeting minutes, human expe- 
rience, and reason are all inferior to 
Scripture. The Bible alone stands as 
the arbiter of truth for the Brethren. 
This motto should remind us today 
of the central place Scripture must 
play in our lives, both individually 
and corporately. 

This slogan upholds a further truth 
that is especially important today. It 
declares that Scripture provides nor- 
mative or absolute truth. This convic- 
tion cuts across the grain of modern 
pluralism and relativism, which hold 
nothing as authoritative. [t] 


Summary of 

The Brethren Church 
Financial and Organizational Study 

February 1994 


General Conference in 1993 named a 
Special Committee on Financial and Or- 
ganizational Planning "to hire and work 
with an outside facilitator to develop 
comprehensive strategies for long-range 
and short-range financial and organiza- 
tional planning in The Brethren Church, 
based upon the priorities we have estab- 
lished for our ministries." 


The committee hired Norman L. Ed- 
wards, a Christian consultant from Seat- 
tle, Washington. Mr. Edwards has 
conducted studies of financial and or- 
ganizational issues for the National As- 
sociation of Evangelicals as well as 
numerous seminaries, denominations, 
and Christian organizations. 

Study Procedure 

Mr. Edwards conducted his study in 
light of the "Priorities for the Nineties," 
which were approved by General Con- 
ference as the focus for the church: 
spiritual formation, sharing the faith, 
leadership development, and church 

He and his staff interviewed the mem- 
bers of the study committee, five execu- 
tives of the national church, 46 local 
pastors, 33 laypeople, and four other 
people who had held leadership posi- 
tions in the national church. (They at- 
tempted to reach 50 pastors and 50 
laypeople, but some could not be con- 

Of the local church interviews, 63 peo- 
ple were male and 16 female. All dis- 
tricts were represented, with more 
interviews in the larger districts. Those 
interviewed came from churches of dif- 
ferent sizes, with 32 from churches with 
average attendance of less than 100, 32 
from churches of 100 to 200, and 15 
from churches of over 200. The ages of 
those interviewed likewise varied, with 
25 people under age 40, 36 people age 


40 to 60, and 18 people over age 60. 
The average number of years they had 
been in The Brethren Church was 33.6. 

Denominational Comparisons 

Mr. Edwards determined that Breth- 
ren give to their local churches for all 
purposes less than half of what evan- 
gelicals of some similar denominations 
give, and they give a lower percentage 
of their local church income to denomi- 
national ministries: {see box) 



Giving per 

Percent to 


Denom. Min. 

The Brethren Church 


$ 592 


Mennonite Brethren 




U. Brethren in Christ 




Missionary Church 



Brethren in Christ 




The Brethren Church also has the 
smallest national staff: Brethren Church 
(9.5 full-time equivalent positions), 
Mennonite Brethren (13), United Breth- 
ren in Christ (15), Missionary Church 
(22.5), Brethren in Christ (31). 

Funding for national programs has ex- 
perienced a shortfall for several years. 
Giving reached its high point in 1985, 
when 75% of full Fair Share was re- 
ceived. In 1991, only 64% of Fair Share 
was received. In 1993, 72% was received, 
thanks to an increase after May. During 
1992 and 1993, about 30% of churches 
paid their full Fair Share contribution. 

Highlights of the Survey 

The two services most frequently men- 
tioned as essential services provided by 
the National Office were giving pastoral 
and ministry support and providing in- 
formation about the denomination. 

Most people felt that the present role 
of the Director of Brethren Church 
Ministries (DBCM) was to oversee 
church programs (30)* or provide gen- 

*Figures in parentheses are the number of 
people giving that response out of 79 surveyed. 

eral administrative support (27). Only 8 
mentioned voicing the vision for the 
church. When asked what his role 
should be, fewer people mentioned 
overseeing programs (29) and adminis- 
trative support (11), more mentioned 
giving the church a vision (20), and 1 1 
people stated that it should be to provide 
general leadership. 

People understood the present role of 
the Director of Pastoral Ministries to 
be conflict resolution (45), facilitating 

pastors and 
(30), being 
a pastor to 
(30), and 
providing a 

service (28). When asked what the role 
should be, fewer people mentioned con- 
flict resolution (31) and placement serv- 
ice (19), and 11 people stated that the 
office should be proactive in building up 
the pastorate. People were evenly di- 
vided on whether the office should be 
expanded; 15 mentioned expanding the 
function at the district level. 

People understood the role of GCEC 
to be overseeing the National Office 
(31), planning General Conference (21), 
implementing vision for the church (15), 
and conducting business between con- 
ferences (13). When asked what it 
should be, people placed somewhat less 
emphasis on overseeing the National 
Office (25) and planning Conference 
(13); implementing vision and conduct- 
ing business remained about the same at 
15 and 12, respectively. 

Almost all the people interviewed re- 
ceive The Brethren Evangelist. Large 
numbers of them saw the magazine's 
purpose to be serving as a communica- 
tions instrument in the church, giving 
information about the church, or provid- 
ing inspirational articles. A much 

The Brethren Evangelist 

smaller number mentioned giving unity 
to the church, encouraging spiritual 
growth, serving as a forum for current 
issues, or explaining Brethren doctrine. 
On a scale of 1 to 5 (with 5 high), they 
rated the Evangelist 2.5 in usefulness to 
the work of their church and 3.6 in help- 
fulness to them personally. 

When asked about the most important 
services provided by the Missionary 
Board, people most often mentioned the 
following: missions information, speak- 
ers, oversight of missions program, sup- 
port for home missions, and prayer and 
praise sheets. Most felt that the role of 
the board was (and should be) leading 
and implementing the church's missions 
emphasis and (to a lesser degree) over- 
seeing missions and planting churches. 
They rated the board 3.8 out of 5 on 
helping their local church advance the 
cause of missions. 

Those interviewed expressed over- 
whelming support for church planting. 
They said that churches should give for 
church planting in their own districts 
(72) and in other districts (63). When 
asked at what level church planting 
should be addressed, 44 said a coopera- 
tion between districts and the Mission- 
ary Board, 20 said at the district level, 7 
said by the Missionary Board, and 5 
said initiated by the district. 

When asked about the use of church 
income, 35 said their church's support 
of denominational programs was deter- 
mined by how they valued the pro- 
grams; 27 said by the funds available, 
and 4 said they didn't know. 

When asked what was the most essen- 
tial reason to have a national organiza- 
tion or denomination, most said it 
maintains a united focus for churches of 
shared heritage. Others mentioned that it 
gives leadership and vision, provides net- 
work support, and gives accountability. 

When asked if the benefits of the de- 
nomination warranted their continued 
support at the present level, 73 people 
said yes; 5 said no, but 2 of those said 
they would still pay. When asked if the 
benefits warranted increased support, 
43 said yes, 15 said no, 10 gave no an- 
swer, and 6 said maybe or in some areas. 

When asked who articulates the vi- 
sion for the church, 25 people said the 
DBCM, 15 said GCEC, 6 said the mod- 

April 1994 

erator, 6 said pastors, and 6 didn't 
know. Nineteen other answers were 
given. When asked who should articu- 
late the vision, 17 said the DBCM, 17 
said GCEC, 13 said local boards and 
pastors, and 4 said the moderator. Four- 
teen other answers were given. The ma- 
jority of people interviewed could not 
state the "Priorities for the Nineties." 


Mr. Edwards found that there exists in 
The Brethren Church a strong resist- 
ance to centralized authority. People 
are reluctant even to draw lines of 
authority and responsibility. He saw al- 
most no consensus about where the 
vision and leadership of the denomina- 
tion should come from. While he ac- 
knowledged that the real work of the 
church takes place at the congregational 
level, he noted that the Brethren do not 
take advantage of the strength that 
comes from a unified vision of God's 
calling for us. 

Mr. Edwards found three key issues 
that the Brethren must address: 

• Stewardship 

• Leadership and authority at the national 

• Defining the focus of the national or- 

Mr. Edwards concluded the following 
about stewardship: 

• The Brethren Church needs a revival in 
the area of biblical stewardship. 

• This revival should be led by someone 
at the national level. 

• Leadership at all levels (national, dis- 
trict, and local) must take greater re- 
sponsibility for encouraging Fair Share 

• The lack of full Fair Share support is 
paralleled by a low level of giving in 
local churches. 

• Stewardship education, addressing 
such issues as debt reduction, planned 
giving, and estate planning, would 
benefit individuals and families, con- 
gregations, and the denomination. 

• In the long term, the greatest denomina- 
tional growth will come from church 

Mr. Edwards concluded the following 
about leadership: 

• A suspicion of national leadership is 
stifling growth in The Brethren Church. 

• There is little connection between our 
mandate to reach the lost and the tasks 
assigned to the leadership in the Na- 
tional Office. 

• The national leadership has been rel- 
egated to maintenance rather than out- 

• The lack of a consistent and unified 
voice to lead and challenge the denomi- 
nation is a critical handicap to growth. 

• Both pastors and laypeople must be 
convinced that the best days of The 
Brethren Church lie ahead. 

• The "Priorities for the Nineties" can set 
the direction, if national leaders are em- 
powered to lead and appropriate fund- 
ing is available. 

Mr. Edwards concluded the following 
about the national focus: 

• The structure of the national church 
should facilitate the carrying out of the 
Great Commission; this is a calling 
which we as local churches can do to- 
gether but not alone. 

• Church planting must be the highest 
priority of the denomination. This is 
where most denominational growth 
will come from. 

• A denomination that is not opening new 
churches aggressively is a dying de- 

• Growth at home is critical for maintain- 
ing support for missions overseas. 

• Strong support for church planting 
exists in the local churches. 

• The national church must be reorgan- 
ized to facilitate and support church 
planting. The present structure cuts 
church planting off from the other ac- 
tivities of the national church. 


Mr. Edwards discussed ways in which 
addressing the three key issues above 
might affect the areas of Brethren 
Church Ministries, Pastoral Ministries, 
the Missionary Board, communications, 
and accounting procedures. 

GCEC has not yet reached consensus 
on what specific actions should be taken 
as a result of Mr. Edwards' report. By Au- 
gust, GCEC expects to have an organiza- 
tional model to bring to General Confer- 
ence to start the discussion process, [ft] 


World Relief: 

A Mission to Change Lives 

By Art Gay 

World Relief Executive Director 

lief of the National Associa- 
tion of Evangelicals has depended 
on the partnership of evangelical 
denominations in the U.S. to bring 
help to the world's poor. And for 
most of those years, The Brethren 
Church has been one of World Re- 
liefs key partners. 

In 1994, World Relief celebrates 
its 50th year of ministry. During 
World War II, evangelical churches 
joined together to form the "War 
Relief Commission" — providing 
"food for the body and food for the 
soul" for Europe's suffering. While 
World Reliefs ministry has grown 
significantly in the intervening 
years, the organization's commit- 
ment to providing "food for the 
body and food for the soul" has 
remained the same. 

World Reliefs ministries of pro- 
viding "food for the body" are 
well-publicized: responding to vic- 
tims of natural disaster and war, 
helping poor families meet their 
own needs through "life loans" 
and job training, providing a safe 
haven for refugees, teaching low- 
cost methods of child health. 

What is often less publicized — 
but just as important — is World 
Reliefs continuing commitment to 
providing "food for the soul." As 
evangelicals, we believe that good 
works are part of the gospel; spir- 
itual ministries complement phys- 
ical ministries, and vice versa. 

"Since my God has done 
so much for me, I cannot 
help but proclaim the 
mighty and wonderful 
things He has done!" 

In my travels for World Relief, 
I have had the privilege of seeing 
and hearing stories of lives that 

have been changed through the 
partnership of World Relief and 
The Brethren Church. 

Sri Lanka: 
"My God 
has done 
so much 
for me!" 

kumara, a 
young man 
in Sri Lanka, 
felt he had 
nothing to live 
for — until a com- 
passionate pastor 
reached out to him. 

Suffering from an incurable skin 
disease, isolated from society in- 
side his home, Pushpakumara was 
an increasing burden to his poor, 
debt-ridden family as he grew 
older. His depression was intense. 

"On the evening when I decided 
to end my life," Pushpakumara 
remembers, "a stranger walked 
into my isolated room, saying he 
had heard about me and wanted 
to come to speak and befriend me. 
As time passed, I came to know 
he was a Christian pastor. He 
prayed, laying his hands on my 
head, asking his God to heal me 
of this incurable disease. It is 
three years now since I have been 
completely healed!" 

The pastor helped the family 
obtain a loan through World Re- 
lief and the Lanka Evangelical 
Development Service, a local 
partner. With the loan, the family 
was able to breed pigs and im- 
prove its income. 

More importantly, Pushpaku- 
mara came to know Christ through 
this pastor's kindness. The God I 
came to know through my illness 
has graciously blessed me," he 

says. "With the pig project at 
home, we are able to live a simple 
life, content with what God has 
given us. Since my God has done 
so much for me, I cannot help but 
proclaim the mighty and wonder- 
ful things He has done!" 

Faso: A 
for eternity 

In Burkina Faso, 
the Poundou Agri- 
cultural Training 
Center helps farmers 
learn improved meth- 
ods of farming. Students live for 
an entire year at the center, 
where "the field is the classroom," 
according to World Relief West 
Africa Director Moise Napon. And 
the training pays off — students 

A student in his peanut farm at the 
Poundou Agricultural Training Cen- 
ter in Burkina Faso. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

'In my travels for World Relief, I have had the privilege of seeing and 
hearing stories of lives that have been changed through the partner- 
ship of World Relief and The Brethren Church. " 

are usually able to produce five 
times as much as the best farms 
in the area. 

Both non-Christians and Chris- 
tians study at the center, and 
World Relief staff members do 
not hesitate to share their faith. 
"The staff fasts and prays, asking 
God for guidance in the selection 
of the non-Christian students," 
says Napon. As a result of their 
ministry, five students received 
Christ at the center last year. 

Flood relief ministry 
brings many to Christ 

"What church do you go to?" 
asked a woman whose house had 
been damaged by flooding in Des 
Moines, Iowa, in the summer of 

"Why do you want to know?" re- 
sponded Charles Austin, a volun- 
teer for Christian Relief Effort, a 
ministry aided by World Relief. 

"We want what you people have," 
she said. 

Austin, a retired electronics 
worker who was serving as a 
chaplain during the post-flood 
clean-up, heard such statements 
many times last summer. One 
Des Moines man, who had lost 
many of his possessions, said to 
Austin, "I want you to come over 
to my house and lead me to the 
Lord." And an entire family gave 
their lives to Christ as a result of 
the witness of Christian volunteers, 
and they are now attending the 
First Assembly of God in Des 

This fruitful flood relief minis- 
try actually started nine years 
ago. That's when Des Moines- 
area pastors began praying to- 
gether that God would use them 
to make a difference in their city. 
In 1993, their prayers were an- 
swered in a most unlikely way. 

Former refugees 

become missionaries 

At the Philippine Refugee Proc- 
essing Center (PRPC), refugees 
from Southeast Asia reside for six 
months or so before coming to the 
U.S. While there, they learn Eng- 
lish and other skills they will 
need for daily life. 

Refugees can also get a spiri- 
tual education, thanks to World 
Reliefs spiritual ministries pro- 
gram. Since 1980, more than 
8,100 refugees at the PRPC have 
been baptized after confessing 
Christ as Savior and learning His 
word through excellent Bible 

For the last seven years, Lina 
Hervas has coordinated World 
Reliefs spiritual ministries pro- 

gram at the PRPC. In December 
1993, Lina traveled from her na- 
tive Philippines to attend the Ur- 
bana (111.) Missions Conference. At 
Urbana, she was delighted to see 
three former refugees who had 
attended Bible studies and other 
ministries she had led. The three 
young Vietnamese women had 
accepted Christ at the PRPC and 
were now preparing to return to 
Asia as short-term missionaries. 

"This is why World Relief does 
spiritual ministry work as well as 
medical programs and education 
at the camp," said Lina. "It isn't 
enough to just provide physical 

Your support of World Relief has 
brought food, clothing, medicine, 
and new hope to people for fifty 
years. It has also produced an 
abundant spiritual harvest around 
the world. Thank you for provid- 
ing "food for the body and food for 
the soul" for the world's suffering. 
As World Relief and The Breth- 
ren Church minister in the world 
today, God will use our partner- 
ship for His glory. [ft] 

World Relief Executive Director Art Gay and his wife Joann at the Philip- 
pine Refugee Processing Center. 

April 1994 


World Relief 

Secrets of "Great-Giving" Churches 

Exposed by Richard Winfield 
Editor and World Relief Coordinator 

are great givers to World Re- 
lief. They give three, four, even 
five or more times their "Fair 
Share" for this ministry. The con- 
gregations that do so come in var- 
ious sizes, ranging from very small 
(less than 10 members), through 
medium (100 to 200 members), to 
large — by Brethren standards — 
(more than 250 members). 

Why do these churches support 
World Relief so generously? And 
how do they receive the money 
they give to World Relief? 

To get some answers to these 
questions, I wrote to seven of these 
"great-giving" Brethren congrega- 
tions and asked them about their 
support for World Relief. I received 
replies from five of the seven 
churches: White Dale near Terra 
Alta, W.Va. (5 members/average 
attendance of 18); Stockton, Calif. 
(38/48); South Bend, Ind. (150/97); 
Brighton Chapel near Howe, Ind. 
(149/168); and St. James, Md. (288/ 

The "why" secret 

Obviously, these churches con- 
sider World Relief to be impor- 
tant. So the first question I asked 
them was "Why does your congre- 
gation consider the ministry of 
World Relief to be important?" 

The answer from the Stockton 
Brethren Church said it well: 
We consider World Relief to be 
the ideal vehicle to deliver the 
gifts we wish to give to the most 
needy people in the world. First 
of all World Relief has an evan- 
gelical message that accompanies 
its help, and World Relief also 
has the blessing of our denomina- 
tion. This is accompanied by the 
organization and "know-how" for 
determining the need and then 
distributing available resources 
to meet the need. We have high 

confidence that whatever we give 
will be delivered in the name of 
Jesus to the most strategic place 
in the most efficient way. 

The answer from the Saint 
James Church touched on some 
of the same points: 

World Relief is the one best 
way we have of helping people 
largely in the Third World with 
physical needs. Further, we are 
encouraged that World Relief is 
administered through mission- 
aries and mission efforts, so we 
like the idea of helping in the 
context of the gospel witness. 

Brighton Chapel's answer took 
a little different point of view: 

We look at World Relief as just 
another important aspect of a 
well-rounded missions program. 
It meets certain needs and areas 
that we as a church cannot reach. 

The "how" secret 

I'm sure that Brethren in many 
other churches would agree with 
these answers and would likewise 
consider the ministry of World 
Relief to be very important. But 
proportionately, their churches do 
not give as much to World Relief 
as do these churches. So in an ef- 
fort to determine what makes the 
difference, I asked, "How do you 
explain the high level of giving to 
World Relief in your church?" 

The brief answer from the 
White Dale Brethren Church got 
at the core of what the others said: 

We care about others. 

The answer from the Stockton 
Church makes this same general 
point, then goes on to add some 

We would attribute the high 
level of World Relief giving in our 
church first of all to a concerned 
and generous congregation. How- 

ever, the key to the generosity 
and concern lies largely in the 
emphasis of our W.M.S. We have 
consistently been focused on mis- 
sions and have chosen World Re- 
lief as one of our special projects. 

The answer from the St. James 
Church noted the social aware- 
ness of this congregation, their re- 
sponsiveness "to people-needs in 
many dimensions." But the answer 
to this question focused mainly on 
this church's tradition of giving to 
World Relief and the way this 
ministry is promoted: 

For us, the program emphasis 
has a rather lengthy tradition. . . . 

We initiate the effort in Janu- 
ary of each year and continue the 
emphasis until mid-March. So, 
for about six or seven weeks we 
are in the World Relief emphasis. 
Each Sunday morning during the 
campaign, someone from the Out- 
reach Ministry shares a "Word 
for World Relief," reminding the 
people of our efforts and encour- 
aging them to keep giving. 

A "key" secret 

As this answer suggests, promo- 
tion of World Relief seems to be 
an important key to how well it is 
supported. So the third question 
asked specifically how World Re- 
lief is promoted in these churches. 

The most extensive answer to 
this question came from the South 
Bend Church: 

First Brethren Church of South 
Bend supports World Relief in a 
variety of ways. We emphasize 
World Relief during the spring 
denominational emphasis. We use 
the banks, bags, and materials 
that World Relief provides to con- 
sider the plight of people in need 
around the world. During this 
emphasis we usually show, at a 
service or a soup dinner, a cur- 
rent World Relief video that de- 


The Brethren Evangelist 

scribes the world's conditions and 
how World Relief is responding to 
people in need in Jesus' name. 

If there are natural disasters 
in this country or overseas during 
the year, we call World Relief at 
1-800-535-LIFE to make sure 
that they are helping to provide 
relief. Almost without exception 
they inform us that World Relief 
is already there and beginning to 
help. Then through the Prayer 
Chain and bulletin announce- 
ments, we encourage our congre- 
gation to help meet these disasters 
with a special contribution to 
World Relief. (If we failed to 
make this option available, most 
of these people would help any- 
way, but they would channel their 
contributions through agencies 
emphasized on TV or radio.) 

Our congregation usually em- 
phasizes World Relief before 
Thanksgiving. It seems appropri- 
ate to express our gratitude to 
God by sharing with those in need. 

The Stockton Brethren Church 
shared these ideas: 

Each spring, usually in March, 
we have our traditional "soup 
lunch," at which we collect an of- 
fering for World Relief. We do 
some promotion [of this event] 
with the bulletin and by oral an- 
nouncements at church, but prob- 
ably the most effective method is 
a personal invitation to friends 
and family. The excellent reputa- 
tion of World Relief makes pro- 
motion easy. 

During the year other groups 
in the church sometimes contrib- 
ute to World Relief. Classes take 
special offerings, young people 
have special projects, etc. There 
have been times during disasters 
that we have had special promo- 
tions also. For example, we made 
little banks from cans for an 
Ethiopian offering, but usually all 
we have to do is ask when the 
need becomes apparent. 

In addition to what we learned 
above about the way the St. James 
congregation promotes World Re- 
lief, this church also noted the 

We promote the giving person- 
ally, by posters in hallways, inserts 
(from World Relief) in bulletins, 
sometimes by a video from WRC, 
and by bulletin announcements. 

We also make special appeals 

when the need arises: Midwest 
Flood, Hurricane Andrew, etc. 

This congregation has also found 
the little gunny sack offering bags 
that World Relief supplies to be a 
quite popular method of collect- 
ing the World Relief offering. 

Surprisingly, Brighton Chapel, 
which has averaged over 300 per- 
cent of its Fair Share during the 
last four years, said, "We do not 
have any special World Relief em- 
phasis." But the church does bud- 
get its full Fair Share for World 
Relief each year. And the Woman's 
Missionary Society of the church 
collects an offering each month at 
its meetings for World Relief, as 
well as having special garage and 
bake sales during the year to 
raise money for World Relief. 

Last Year's "Great Givers" 

According to percentage of 
Fair Share given* 

1. St. Petersburg 858% 

2. White Dale 463% 

3. Stockton 409% 

4. Teegarden 407% 

5. Mountain View 333% 

6. South Bend 331% 

7. Mulvane 316% 

8. Williamstown 311% 

9. Brush Valley 304% 

10. St. James 287% 

1 1 . North Georgetown 268% 

12. Brighton Chapel 255% 

*A church's Fair Share equals $6 times 
its Church Growth Index, which is calcu- 
lated by adding its membership, average 
worship attendance, and average Sunday 
school attendance, then dividing by three. 

Top Ten In Total Giving 

1 . St. James $4,856 

2. Jefferson 3,172 

3. Park Street 3,120 

4. Winding Waters 2,897 

5. Brush Valley 2,479 

6. New Lebanon 2,471 

7. Brighton Chapel 2,125 

8. South Bend 2,025 

9. North Manchester 1,695 
10. Warsaw 1,666 

Ranking churches according to percent- 
age-giving tends to favor small congrega- 
tions, since one or two large gifts can make 
a significant difference. Ranking churches 
according to total giving, on the other hand, 
favors larger congregations. Note the four 
churches on both lists: Brighton Chapel, 
Brush Valley, South Bend, and St. James. 

The White Dale Brethren 
Church, which gave 463 percent 
of its Fair Share last year, also 
does not make a big push for 
World Relief. Offerings are taken 
when needs arise, with announce- 
ment of a coming offering being 
made a few Sundays prior to the 
need. But the congregation also 
may vote to send additional 
money from its treasury. 

Other key secrets 

A couple of other keys to great 
giving surfaced as answers to a 
general question, "What other 
thoughts do you have to share on 
this subject not covered by the 
questions above." 

From South Bend: 

The last and probably the most 
important reason why South 
Bend's giving to World Relief seems 
to be above average is that there 
are individuals or families in the 
congregation who believe that God 
would have them give regularly to 
World Relief. God has placed upon 
their hearts the needy people of 
the world, and we simply provide 
a channel through which God's 
love can flow in a tangible way. 

And from St. James: 

Our program is helped ... by 
setting a goal (e.g., this year's 
goal is $4,000). That goal is bro- 
ken down into smaller units (e.g., 
$20/family for six weeks or a 
mere $3.33 per family per week, 
etc.) to enable us to see that our 
goals are quite reachable. 


What are the secrets of these 
"great-giving" churches? Here are 
a few: 

• Having a congregation or a 
group of people in the congrega- 
tion with a heartfelt concern for 
those in need is basic. 

• Promoting World Relief is impor- 
tant. People must be kept aware 
of the need and challenged to give. 

• Having a W.M.S. group commit- 
ted to raising money for World 
Relief is a great asset. 

• Putting the full Fair Share in the 
budget and setting goals for giv- 
ing are other good ideas. 
Which of these secrets can your 

church use to help it become a 
"great-giving" congregation? [ft] 

April 1994 




Meetings at McDonald's Make an Impact 
On Brethren Youth Ministry in Indiana 

Elkhart County, Ind. — Who would 
ever have thought that a McDonald's 
fast-food restaurant would play a major 
role in impacting youth ministry in The 
Brethren Church? 

Maybe that famous line, "Do you want 
fries with that?" evolved from Moses' 
asking Pharaoh, "Do you want flies with 
that?" The world may never know. What 
we do know is that a desire for food and 
fellowship paved the way for Christian 

Since the winter of 1993, the associate 
pastors for youth/education from the 
Brethren churches in Elkhart County 
(Elkhart, Goshen, Jefferson, Milford, 
Nappanee, and Winding Waters) have 
been meeting periodically at McDon- 
ald's to spend time together. During 
these meetings we would share the joys 
and sorrows we have encountered in our 
ministries. We would also spend time 

sharing ideas and encouraging one an- 
other in our work. 

Having decided that there is more to 
life than eating those incredible fries, 
we decided to start pooling our efforts 
and our resources in order to provide 
events for our youth which none of us 
could provide alone. While we have only 
achieved moderate success, many good 
things have happened over the past 
year. Our youth have enjoyed two lock- 
ins (including a tent-camping event in- 
side the Goshen First Brethren Church 
building), an all-night fundraiser for the 
Cystic Fibrosis Foundation (how many 
x's can you draw?), a concert of prayer, 
and a "See You at the Party" outreach 

Each event has drawn a large turnout 
of youth. We look forward to the day 
when most of our youth are attending 
these events. We have some other ideas 

Goshen, Ind. — A youth choir was recently added to the music program of the 
Goshen First Brethren Church. Roberta Wilfong, who directs the choir, motivates the 
children to sing from their hearts so that others can see their love for Jesus. 

The children enjoy their Wednesday evening practices and were excited about 
their first performance in February, when they sang a snappy version of "This Little 
Light of Mine. "They sang for the congregation again on March 6, this time presenting 
the song "Itty Bitty Baby." The children sing with enthusiasm, and the congregation 
has enjoyed their performances and looks forward to the continuation of this ministry. 

— reported by Anna Bollinger, Public Relations Committee chair. 


stored in a holding pattern under our 
prayer hats. In the near future we 
would like to begin sponsoring an Elk- 
hart County version of "The Loft," and 
we are considering sponsoring a major 
Christian concert. 

Maybe it's the fat in the burgers; or 
perhaps it's the "Cool, let's do it" atti- 
tude of youth pastors; or more likely it's 
God at work in our lives; but we truly 
believe there is nothing we can't do by 
pulling together. Our prayer is that we 
might make a significant impact on the 
Brethren youth in Elkhart County. 
With God's direction, we will! 

— Billy Hesketh, 

Pastor of Children and Youth Ministry, 

Jefferson Brethren Church, Goshen, Ind 

Team Leaders 
and Members 
Announced for 
Missions Trip 

Ashland, Ohio 

— Team leaders 
and members 
have been announced for this summer's 
Short-Term Missions trip to Juarez, 

Team leaders will be Jeff Gilmer, as- 
sociate pastor of the Flora, Ind., First 
Brethren Church; Jennifer Thomas, a 
middle-school teacher in Canton, Ohio, 
and a 1993 graduate of Ashland Univer- 
sity, where she made a short-term mis- 
sions trip to Mexico as a part of HOPE 
Fellowship; and Kurt Stout, a student 
at Ashland Theological Seminary from 
Burlington, Ind. 

Team members will include Amber 
Corbitt of Edinburg, Va.; Tawna Gal- 
breath from South Bend, Ind.; Michelle 
Mathews of Nappanee, Ind.; Katie 
Shepherd from Dublin, Ohio; Sarah 
Cramer from Goshen, Ind.; Christiana 
Godefrin from Sarasota, Fla.; Beth 
Schwartzwalder of Ashland, Ohio; and 
Christy Van Duyne, also from Ashland. 

The team will spend a week serving 
at a Youth With A Mission center in 
Juarez, Mexico. They will spend the week 
ministering to children, participating in 
work projects, doing street evangelism, 
helping with worship services, and giv- 
ing puppet presentations. 

The missions trip is being sponsored 
by the Leadership Development Com- 
mission of The Brethren Church, the 
University Church, Park Street Breth- 
ren Church, and the Missionary Board 
of the Brethren Church. 

The Brethren Evangelist 


Ohio District Conference Held March 12 
In New Sanctuary of Gretna Church 

Bellefontaine, Ohio — Many Ohio 
Brethren got their first opportunity to 
see the beautiful new (just over a year 
old) sanctuary of the Gretna Brethren 
Church on Saturday, March 12, when 
the Gretna congregation hosted the 
Ohio District Conference. 

Appropriately, the conference opened 
Saturday morning with a worship serv- 
ice in that new sanctuary. Following an 
organ/piano prelude by Peg Swonguer 
and Paula Deardurff, Gretna Pastor 
Lynn Mercer read from God's word and 
prayed, then welcomed those attending 
the conference. 

Special music was presented by Well- 
spring, a women's trio (Deanna Hauk, 
Phyllis Jerviss, and Mary Hess) from 
the Gretna Church, and Nancy Beatty, 
also from Gretna, led the conference in 
singing. The inspirational message for 
the service was given by the district 
moderator-elect, Rev. Jim Koontz, pas- 
tor of the Lousiville First Brethren 
Church. Rev. Koontz presented a mes- 
sage on the blessings, power, and cords 
of unity (see pages 7 and 8 of this issue). 
At the conclusion of his message, Rev. 
Koontz made three recommendations 
for achieving greater unity in the Ohio 
District: (1) that the district develop 

three-year themes, with yearly sub- 
themes contributing to the accomplish- 
ment of these themes; (2) that the ex- 
ecutive committee of the district become 
visionary in setting short- and long- 
term goals that would unite the 
churches of the district in common ac- 
tion; and (3) that the leaders of local 
churches within the district prayerfully 
seek ways to foster the unity of Christ 
with other district churches. Rev. 
Koontz plans to follow up on these rec- 
ommendations during his year as mod- 

Following the worship service, the 
conference moderator, Rev. Jim 
Rowsey, pastor of the Smithville Breth- 
ren Church, led the 101 delegates pre- 
sent (35 elders, 66 lay) in conducting the 
conference's business. 

Treasurer Stanley Gentle reported 
district income for 1993 of $55,211 and 
disbursements of $53,831. He noted 
that United Financial Program giving 
for 1993 was the lowest in recent years 
and about $2,000 less than in 1992. Less 
than half ($32,838) of the full apportion- 
ment ($69,493) was received, with just 
eight of the district's 20 established 
churches (not including a "class" and a 
"mission congregation," which are not 

World Relief Assists Churches 
In United Disaster Response 
To Earthquake-Affected Areas 

Los Angeles, Calif. — More than 
1,000 homes in the Northridge and 
North Hollywood areas were visited by 
volunteers from local churches working 
with United Christian Response to de- 
termine needs and stress levels in these 
earthquake-affected communities. 

World Relief of the National Associa- 
tion of Evangelicals has been assisting 
United Christian Response (UCR) by 
helping mobilize churches for this united 
response, by helping to determine mean- 
ingful ways churches can respond, and 
by providing training so that trauma 
counseling services can continue. 

Volunteers, wearing yellow United 
Christian Response shirts, were greeted 
enthusiastically by residents, some of 
whom even offered financial donations 
to the cause because they appreciated 
the work the churches were doing. 
There's been a lot of interest in the 
stress management workshops that the 
churches are offering folks," said George 
Mbulo, coordinator of UCR. More than 

April 1994 

100 volunteers and earthquake victims 
attended two workshops that churches 
had held, and more workshops are ex- 

"One woman attending a recent stress 
education class said, 'I would never nor- 
mally darken the door of your church, 
but what you're doing for the commu- 
nity brought me here,'" related Terry L. 
Inman, pastor of North Hollywood First 
Assembly of God Church. 

Some families, needing help in filling 
out FEMA (Federal Emergency Man- 
agement Agency) applications, are re- 
portedly being exploited by groups 
charging $500 for assistance. UCR is 
offering free help in completing the 
forms. UCR is also putting together care 
packets for families that need food and 
clothing. "Some of these families were 
having problems before the earthquake 
but now thing are intensified," Mbulo 
said. Perhaps this will lead to another 
type of ministry for some churches. 

These door-to-door assessments are 
turning out to be a powerful tool for 
churches in making direct contacts with 
the community," said Bas Vanderzalm, 
World Reliefs director for international 

assigned an apportionment) paying 
their full apportionment, with another 
eight paying nothing. 

Statistician Dorman Ronk reported 
that the district had a net gain in mem- 
bership in 1993 of 205. Average Sunday 
morning worship attendance, however, 
went down by 221 (from 3376 in 1992 to 
3155), and average Sunday school at- 
tendance also went down (by 25). 

In the elections, Rev. Lynn Mercer 
was chosen moderator-elect; Tracy 
Whiteside is the new secretary, with 
Missy Cummins her assistant; Stanley 
Gentle continues as treasurer, with Jeff 
Whiteside his assistant; and Dorman 
Ronk was re-elected as statistician. 

Reports were received from the four 
district boards (Christian Education, 
Ministerial Examining, Missions, and 
Spiritual Oversight) and from the three 
auxiliary organizations (W.M.S., Men of 
Mission, and Elders Association). A re- 
port was also given by Dr. Dale Stoffer 
for a church-planting steering commit- 
tee that is working in cooperation with 
the district and national mission boards 
in planning a new church within easy 
driving distance of Ashland. He re- 
ported that the committee, after consid- 
erable survey work, has chosen the 
south side of Medina as the location for 
the church-planting effort. He noted 
that the building of the former Medina 
Brethren Fellowship will not be used for 
this new church. 

Following a delicious meal (prepared 
and served by the Gretna women to 
the 180 people [including children] at- 
tending the conference), the business 
session continued. Moderator Rowsey 
called attention to a list of district offi- 
cers and committee members distrib- 
uted to all delegates, and he suggested 
that this be used as a prayer list, with 
Philippians 1:9-11 providing a guide of 
what to pray for as the list is used. 

Rev. David Oligee, pastor of the West 
Alexandria First Brethren Church, an- 
nounced that his congregation will hold 
an open-air camp meeting the weekend 
of July 22 to 24, and he extended an 
invitation for Brethren to come, camp, 
and join in the fellowship. 

Following the installation of new offi- 
cers and board and committee members 
by Rev. David Cooksey, updates were 
received from the various denomina- 
tional ministries of The Brethren 
Church. The conference then concluded 
with separate meetings of the three 
auxiliary groups. 

Next year's Ohio District Conference 
is set for Saturday, March 11, and will 
be hosted by the Smithville Brethren 

— reported by Editor Dick Winfield 



"A Day Apart," a day of prayer by the 
Ohio District and members of the Ash- 
land Theological Seminary community 
will be held April 23 from 9:00 a.m. to 
3:00 p.m. at the seminary. The Spiritual 
Formation Commission of The Brethren 
Church is sponsoring this day of quiet 
prayer and reflection, which will be led 
by commission members Mary Ellen 
Drushal, Carolyn Cooksey, and Jerry 

The Guards, a fifth- and sixth-grade 
Awana Bible Quizzing team at the Nap- 
panee, Ind., First Brethren Church, was 
runner-up in the Indiana State quizzing 
finals held recently. Members of the 
team were sixth graders Abby Sensen- 
baugh, Amy Hughes, and Hillary 
Kupke, and fifth graders Erica Cromer 
and Kim Yoder. Since 1991 the quizzing 
program at the Nappanee Church has 

grown from one 3-girl team to three 
teams with a total of 15 members and 
one state runner-up trophy. 

Dr. Juan Carlos Miranda has sub- 
mitted to the executive committee of the 
Missionary Board of the Brethren 
Church his resignation as Director of 
Latin America Missions. This will be- 
come effective August 15, following 
General Conference. Dr. and Mrs. 
(Maria) Miranda plan to move to Co- 
lumbia, S.C., where Juan will join the 
faculty of Columbia International Uni- 
versity Graduate School of Missions. 
Juan said, Tor many years we have 
prayed that if it was God's will, I would 
like to dedicate the later years of my life 
to teaching at an academic institution." 

Brethren Army Chaplain Dan De- 
Veny has been reassigned to the United 
States following almost three years of 
service in Germany. Dan, wife Ann, and 
daughter Aubrey are now at the Ft. 
Eustis Army Base in Virginia. 

June 25 has been set as "A Day to 
Change the World." On that day, up 
to 30 percent (160 million on six conti- 
nents) of the world's Christians are ex- 
pected to spend time in prayer together 
over a 24-hour period, with a special 
emphasis on praying for unreached peo- 
ples and nations. Major cities around 
the world will host concerts of prayer, 
marches for Jesus, and other activities. 

Bryan BYIC Groups Host 
Parent Appreciation Dinner 

Bryan, Ohio — The Junior, Junior 
High, and Senior High Brethren Youth 
in Christ (BYIC) groups of the Bryan 
First Brethren Church joined forces on 
February 20 to host a Par- 
ent Appreciation Dinner. 

Upon their arrival for 
the dinner, parents were 
escorted to tables in the 
church fellowship hall, 
which had been trans- 
formed into an Italian res- 
taurant. Tables lighted by 
candles were covered with 
red and white checkered 
table cloths, while balloons 
and a sparkle light added a 
festive atmosphere. 

BYIC members, dressed 
in black pants and white 
shirts, served a meal of 
salad, spaghetti and meat- 
balls, bread sticks, and ice 
cream to the 30 parents 
present. Andrew Stever, 
Ellen Kotowski, Susan Ko- 
towski, and Christina 

Brown provided entertainment. Baby- 
sitting was provided for toddlers and 
pre-schoolers so that parents could en- 
joy a quiet dinner together. 

The parents enjoyed the evening and 
appreciated the efforts of the children to 
provide this special dinner for them. 
— reported by Linda Lockhart, cor. sec. 

Members of the Bryan Junior, Junior High, and Senior BYIC 
groups take time out from hosting their Parent Appreciation 
Dinner to pose for a picture. 


An outline of prayer activities for this 
day can be obtained by sending a self- 
addressed stamped envelope to Global 
Harvest Ministries, 215 N. Marengo 
Ave., Suite 151, Pasadena, CA 91101. 

A Lifetime of Service 

Wheaton, 111. — Mrs. Betty Linton of Black 
Mountain, N.C., a missionary for many years 
in Korea, was honored March 6 at the National 
Association of Evangelicals Convention as the 
recipient of World Reliefs 15th annual Help- 
ing Hands Award. 

This award is made annually to a person 
who has given a lifetime of service to the 

Mrs. Linton and her husband, Rev. Hugh 
Linton, began their ministry in Korea in the 
1950s. Serving with the Presbyterian Church, 
they planted more than 600 churches. 

From visits with tuberculosis patients in 
rural areas of Korea, Mrs. Linton learned that 
many were too poor or too far away from 
medical care to seek treatment. So the Lintons 
began the Soonchun Christian Clinic in 1960. 

They also began a ministry to terminally-ill 
patients. "The Christian witness was strong 
among these patients," said Mrs. Linton. 
"They knew their only hope was in the Lord." 

In 1984 Rev. Linton was fatally injured in 
an automobile accident. Because there were 
no ambulances or trained emergency teams in 
the area, he died on the way to the hospital. 
Out of this tragedy, Mrs. Linton led the effort 
to provide emergency medical services in this 
region of Korea, calling on her brother, son, 
and daughter-in-law, all medical doctors, to 
help train and equip ambulance teams in Korea. 

After 4 1 years of service, Mrs. Linton re- 
tired in 1992, but she continues to travel to 
Korea, where some of her children now serve 

In Memory 

Virgil McConnell, 79, April 1. Member of the 
Ashland Park Street Brethren Church. Services 
by Associate Pastor Randy Saultz. 
Donald L. Grover, 92, February 18. Member of 
the Hagerstown First Brethren Church. Services 
by Pastor Gerald A. Barr. 


Ora and Ruby Greer, 65th, April 6. Members 
of the Corinth Brethren Church. 


Jamie Waldenville to Duane Knepshield, March 
19, at the Pleasant View Brethren Church; Pastor 
R. Keith Hensley officiating. Attend the Pleasant 
View Brethren Church. 

Membership Growth 

Fremont: 4 by baptism 

Valley: 3 by baptism, 1 by transfer 

Lin wood: 5 by baptism, 1 by transfer 

Pleasant View: 2 by baptism, 1 by transfer 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Jesus said, "Let the children come to me, and do not hinder 
them; for to such belongs the kingdom of heaven" (Matt. 19:14). 

Hi boys and girls! 

Have you ever heard of the word parable? A parable is an earthly story with a 
heavenly meaning. There are 39 different kinds of parables in the Bible. Here is one of 
my favorites: 

A man was walking from Jerusalem to Jericho on a very dangerous road. Suddenly, 
some thieves caught him and took his clothing and beat him until he was almost dead. 
Soon a priest came along and saw the man who was very hurt. Instead of stopping and 
helping the man, the priest crossed to the other side of the road and walked away. Then 
another man, a Levite who had an important job in his church, saw the wounded man. 
He, too, crossed to the other side of the road and walked away. 

But another man, who was a Samaritan and not very well liked in the community, 
came upon the helpless man. He felt very sorry for the man, so he bandaged his wounds, 
put him on his own animal, and took him to the nearest inn. Before he left, he gave the 
innkeeper two days' pay and told him to take care of the hurt man. 

There is a heavenly meaning to this story. Jesus tells us that we are always to be 
like the good Samaritan. We are to try to help others no matter who they are, even if they 
don't go to our church, or if they don't look like us, or even if they don't act the way we 
do. So whenever you see someone with a need, remember to be like the good Samaritan! 

Find the following words in 
the word box below. 

Samaritan Jericho 

thieves wounds 

priest Levite 


B W H 1 









C O A 1 









R U P O 









V N W Y 









M D T S 









W S C H 









W F U 1 









M 1 K Y 









R D S A 









Answer the following questions. 

1. Who is our neighbor? 

2. How should we treat our neighbor? 

April 1994 


Hear Their Desperate 
Cry for Help 

If you close your ear to the cry of the poor, 
you will cry out and not be heard. 

Proverbs 21:13, NRSV 

Hundreds of thousands of people are suffering today in places 
like Sudan, Croatia, Haiti, Cambodia, Mozambique, India, as well 
as in parts of our own country. 

As Christians, we have a responsibility to respond to the 
suffering of others (as well as the privilege of doing so). That 
is why The Brethren Church has an annual 
World Relief emphasis. 

Obviously, as individuals, as local churches, 
or even as a denomination, we can't help all 
who are suffering. But we can help some. 

And working together with other individ- 
uals, other local churches, and other denomi- 
nations through World Relief of the National 
Association of Evangelicals, we can make a 
significant difference in the lives of thou- 
sands of men, women, and children. 

Your gift this month can bring life and hope to 
a suffering child or family somewhere in the world. 
Furthermore, it will serve as a tangible expression 
of Christ's love for that child or that family. 

Please prayerfully consider how much God 
would have you give this month to help meet 
the needs of hungry, suffering people. 

Then make your special Good Samaritan 
Offering for World Relief through your local 
church, or send it directly to: 

The Brethren Church 

524 College Ave. 
Ashland, OH 44805 


'...' : 

,; J- UJ 

U _! 

I— u 


Readers' Forum 

A column in which readers can share their thoughts and views with the Brethren. 

More Thoughts on the Health Care Crisis 

WHILE I APPLAUD the willing- 
ness of the NAE to adopt a reso- 
lution on the health care crisis (The 
Brethren Evangelist, April 1994, p. 
2), I am compelled to voice my strong 
disagreement with two of its compo- 
nents. I believe these components are 
insensitive and based on poor theo- 
logical foundations. 

The first has to do with penalizing 
persons for their risky behaviors. "Per- 
sons who engage in behavior which 
adversely affects their health, such as 
smoking, drug and alcohol abuse, prom- 
iscuity and over-eating, should be re- 
sponsible for the additional medical 
liability." I am particularly disturbed 
by the pharisaical selectiveness when 
naming these "high risk behaviors" 
(NAE Insight). Galatians 5:19-21 iden- 
tifies a few more that should perhaps 
be included which put our physical 
health at risk. Hatred, resentments, 
jealousy, outbursts of anger, selfish 
ambition, arguing, and envy. The list 
of physical consequences for these 
"high-risk behaviors" includes many 
gastrointestinal disorders such as ul- 
cers as well as stress-related disor- 
ders such as headaches, high blood 
pressure, lower back pain, insomnia, 
depression, and anxiety. 

In addition, what shall we say to 
those who don't take care of their bod- 
ies by exercising regularly or whose 
diet is primarily McFat burgers, 
McFat fries, and McFat muffin sand- 
wiches? Medical science continues to 
validate the inseparable relationship 
between our physical, spiritual, and 
emotional centers. David illustrates 
this in Psalm 32:3, "When I kept si- 
lent, my bones wasted away through 
my groaning all day long." 

We have only two choices given our 
propensity to sin. We can attempt to 
identify every sin that has an effect 
on our physical body and assign a cost 
that would be added to your health 
insurance premium or co-payment 
percentage. But wouldn't it be easier 
to take a lesson from the older ones in 
John 8:1-11? The fact of the matter is 
that we continue to sin and that it 
will continue to affect our physical 
existence. That was the result of the 
fall in Eden and that is the result of 

our sin today. Let us not be like the 
Pharisees and quickly point out the 
really bad sins in others and forget to 
acknowledge our own. I support the 
deletion of this pharisaic component 
of the resolution. 

The second component I disagree 
with is NAE's desire "to diligently 
seek to make health care accessible to 
all." There is a problem with this that 
many do not understand. The type of 
universal access being proposed by 
conservatives is not an improvement 
on the current system. Every Ameri- 

can today already has that type of 
universal access — as long as someone 
is identified to pay for the services! It 
may be private insurance, the govern- 
ment, the patient, or some combina- 
tion including raising the prices for 
other good-paying patients to cover 
bad debts. We don't need another sys- 
tem for universal access. We need 
universal coverage for every citizen 
that can't be taken away — ever! That 
would be the ethical thing to do. 

Stephen Barber 
Plymouth, Ind. 

Seeing God's Hand at Work 

The Night the Boat Got Stuck 

By Doris Smith 

IT WAS A TORRID summer eve- 
ning as we put the final touches 
on an elaborate, yet functional set- 
ting for our vacation Bible school. 
We had finished the Rec Room (meet- 
ing room) complete with talking 
donkey, the Heavenly Music Room, 
and the Glory Room. Now the Holy 
Land needed just one more prop. 

A long, beautiful boat we had 
hauled in from the farm sat in the 
hallway, ready to be carried in and 
set by the Sea of Galilee (a wall 
painted azure blue). A fishing net 
was already draped up, with name 
tags on colored fishes hooked into 
the net. It was easy to visualize a 
teacher sitting in that boat, with 
excited, bright-eyed, attentive youth 
sitting around her, absorbed in the 

On a far wall was painted a spec- 
tacular Holy City with gleaming 
gold Dome of the Rock highly vis- 
ible. Perfect! Now for the boat. 

We quickly rounded up several 
men to carry the boat into the room 
to complete this Galilee scene. They 
got the boat to the door and part 
way in. But then they were stuck. 
The hall was too narrow and the boat 
too long to make the corner. Every 
angle was tried. Suggestions were 
made resulting in futile attempts. 
It was late. We were exhausted. 

I ran to the sanctuary, fell on my 

knees, and prayed fervently. My 
helper, I'm sure, fled to another 
part of the church likewise to plead 
for divine assistance. 

After a long time we returned to 
the stressful scene. We arrived in 
time to see the men finally slipping 
the boat through the door. They 
had opened another door to give 
more angle, and voila! the boat and 
the Sea of Galilee were together. 

Was it a miracle? Well, when Bi- 
ble school was over and we were 
cleaning up, we found out. 

Several men used the same inge- 
nuity, the same physical force (even 
more), and the same angles in their 
attempts to remove the boat from 
the room, but to no avail. The boat 
was too long (as it had always been!). 
Finally, in frustration, the men re- 
moved parts of the boat in order to 
get it out. 

A happy ending: The repaired 
"Holy Land Boat" was given to some 
boys living near a lake, who desper- 
ately wanted but could not afford a 
boat. This was a miracle for them 
too, making it a double miracle! [ft] 

Mrs. Smith is a member of the Ash- 
land Park Street Brethren Church. 

Have you seen the hand of God at 
work in your life in miraculous ways or 
in answer to prayer? If so, share your 
story in the Evangelist so that others 
can be blessed by your experience. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Ftmderburg Library 


North Manchester, IN 46962 

May 1994 
Volume 116, Number 5 

The Brethren Evangelist 

(ISSN 0747-4288) 


Richard C. Winfield 

Children's Page 

Sandi Rowsey 

Editorial and 
Business Office 

524 College Avenue 

Ashland, OH 44805-3792 

Phone: 419-289-1708 

Published: Monthly (except 
July and August issues are 
combined) by The Brethren 
Church, Inc., 524 College Ave., 
Ashland, OH 44805-3792. Au- 
thors' views are not necessarily 
those of The Brethren Church. 

Subscription Rates: One 

year, $11.50 for 100% church 
lists; $13.50 for church lists 
of five or more names; $14.50 
for individual subscriptions. 
Single-copy price, $1.50. 

Change of Address: Please 
send notice at least three 
weeks in advance. Copy old ad- 
dress from back of magazine 
and send with new address. 

Manuscript Policy: While 
some unsolicited manuscripts 
are accepted, a query letter 
sent first describing a proposed 
manuscript is preferred. In- 
clude a self-addressed, stamped 
envelope with all manuscripts. 
Suggestions and forms for re- 
porting news items are avail- 
able upon request. 

Advertising: The Evangelist 
accepts a limited amount of ad- 
vertising per issue. Rates are 
available upon request. 

Postmaster: Please send Form 
3579 to The Brethren Church, 
524 College Ave., Ashland, OH 

Second Class Postage: Paid 
at Ashland, Ohio. 

Member: Evangelical Press 


The Night the Boat Got Stuck by Doris Smith 2 

First in what the editor hopes will become a regular feature: Brethren 
testimonies of miraculous ways they have seen God's hand at work. 

The Portrait by Bonnie Lowery 4 

How the writer gained a new perspective on death. 

Heaven Grows Closer by Edna J. Aaron 4 

A poem written in memory of the author's mother. 

A Wide-Open Door to England and Scotland by Dave Hoyt 5 

An account of a recent mission trip the author made to Great Britain. 

What's Wrong With Being a Peace Church? by Chantal Logan 8 

A look at misconceptions that have caused some people to reject the 
historic peace position of The Brethren Church. 

"Call Your First Witness" by Dale Foreman 9 

Christians must be willing to take the stand for what is right. 

Historic Brethren Slogans About the Bible by Dale R. Stoffer 10 
The third of three articles on mottoes that have served as summaries 
of our basic beliefs about Scripture. 

Ministry Pages The Crusader Program 

The 1994 Crusader Interns and District Crusaders 11 


Readers' Forum 




Children's Page 
by Sandi Rowsey 
From the Grape Vine 



The May-June Woman's Outlook Newsletter is in the center of this issue. 

Cover: Top photo, portrayal of the Last Supper at the Wayne Heights Brethren 
Church (see page 15). Middle photo, tables set for Passover (Seder) observance at 
the Wabash First Brethren Church (see page 16). Bottom photos, groundbreaking 
(right photo) for a new Family Life Center at the Ashland Park Street Brethren 
Church, and (left photo) Kaley Halblaub inspects the ground that was broken. 

Answers to the Little Crusader page: 
Across: 1. praying; 4. Jesus; 5. my. Down: 2. always; 3. night; 5. meal. 

Pontius' Puddle 

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May 1994 

A PICTURE appears in my 
mind, painted in the halls of 
memory. It's a portrait — colors still 
fresh and vivid — the likeness of a 
precious friend. I see her hair, 
gathered back and captured in a 
knot, time having combed it white. 
I see her once-smooth skin, now 
weathered and spotted, with lines 
around her eyes and mouth. I see 
her eyes, their color faded and 
cloudy. I see her body, bent and 
rigid, causing the pain I see writ- 
ten on her face. 

But more than these things, I 
see what the years could not 
steal — her smile, her kindness, her 
gentleness, her understanding, her 
love. I see her joy in spite of pain. 
I see her determination and her 
willingness to give. And I see her 
tears, tears of intercession spilling 
into her lap as she prays for the 
lost, the sick, and the hurting. See- 
ing her, I see Jesus. 

But now Death's Gallery mocks 
me. It relentlessly distorts and de- 
stroys the precious, priceless 
beauty by covering the canvass 
with colors of darkness. 

I didn't expect this. Nobody ever 
told me that growing up meant 
growing old. Youth doesn't know 
that it's not immortal. It doesn't 
know that tomorrows are weighed 
and that some get ounces and oth- 

Mrs. Lowery is an administrative as- 
sistant in the Professional Development 
Department at Ashland University. 
She attends the Ashland Park Street 
Brethren Church. 

The Portrait 

By Bonnie Lowery 

ers get pounds. It doesn't know 
that someday the cup of life will be 
emptied of its contents. 

I want to look away. What 
brought this into focus? I had hid- 
den it away on the last page of my 
awareness, and I wasn't going to 
turn to that page for a long, long 
time. But today I'm looking, feel- 
ing, aching. As the pain of loss 
threatens to overwhelm me, I fran- 
tically cry out, "Please, Lord, 
please walk this corridor with me! 
Tell me the Truth, Lord, before the 
paint dries forever!" 

Waiting for an answer 

I wait for an answer. Each 
morning I wait, listening and 
sitting in silence, knowing I 
must get quiet to hear His 
voice. Still aching, I rise and 
begin walking with Him 
through the pages of His 
word. I feel His hand upon 
the shoulder of my thoughts 
as He gently leans over to 
take a sentence and lift it up. 
It was there in my yester- 
days, but I didn't see it. 

He says, "Precious in my 
sight is the death of my 
saints." The colors begin to 
reappear as He peels away 
the darkness. He continues: 
"When she died, I stood to re- 
ceive her into heaven's em- 
brace." I gaze in awe as I 
move to view the canvass 
from another angle. 

As He speaks, His light 
shines upon features I'd for- 
gotten: "She's home now, and 
free. She's running, bound- 
ing through fields fragrant 
with flowers. She's wading in 
the streams of heaven, and 
the water laps pure and clean 

upon those once-callused feet. Her 
eyes are clear and sparkling as she 
looks upon My smile. Her ears 
hear the music of Love's melody. 
Her voice joins in harmony with 
My prayer for you that your faith 
may not fail — my prayer for you 
and for the church and for those 
who are yet afar off." 

I bask in His warmth and light 
while He completes the picture. As 
He prepares to place the portrait 
on the mantel of my heart, He ap- 
plies one more brush stroke, one 
final, radiant touch . . . the victori- 
ous truth, "She lives!" [ft] 

Heaven Grows Closer 

Mother dear, since you have gone to stay 
In that bright land so far away; 
Because you now have led the way, 
Heaven grows closer to me each day. 

No more will 1 see the gray hair of your head 
Nor watch you lying sick abed. 
Because you, dear one, have led the way 
Now heaven draws closer to me each day. 

You have rejoined old friends and kin 
Who beckon me in twilight dim. 
Because you, Mom, have led the way 
Heaven comes closer to me each day. 

And our Savior you now can greet, 
May even be there at His feet! 
Why yes, Mom, you have led the way; 
Now heaven draws closer to me each day. 

Mom, I have changed since you went away. 
I'll never think of you in the same old way. 
Because, you see, you've led the way 
And heaven grows closer to me each day. 

Written by Edna J. Aaron in memory of 
her mother, Frances Copp Harrison, who 
passed away on February 11, 1994. Mrs. 
Harrison was a member of the Washing- 
ton, D.C., Brethren Church from its in- 
ception 52 years ago until her death. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

A Wide-Open Door 
To England and Scotland 

SURPRISES and opportunities 
are very much a part of life. 
That was how I felt when a door of 
opportunity opened wide for me in 
January of this year to serve on a 
short-term outreach mission to 
England and Scotland. 

The invitation to make this mis- 
sion trip came through friends in 
England, several churches there, and 
a Christian Trust based in Selsdon, 
England, called Deo Gloria (To the 
Glory of God). My final decision to 
take the trip was made when my 
church family at the Ashland Park 
Street Brethren Church affirmed 
my call and sent me off with its 
full prayer support. 

A privilege and an honor 

During both the planning and the 
carrying out of this mission in Great 
Britain, the privilege and honor of 
representing Jesus Christ stood 
out to me. He opened doors for me 
to minister in a variety of settings, 
and prayer played a huge part from 
start to finish. 

From the outset I experienced 
difficulties simply getting out of the 
U.S. because of the snow and ice 
blanketing the northeast. My Lon- 
don flight, after many delays, was 
canceled at midnight, and I spent 
the night in the airport. The next 
morning I was bussed to another 
airport, and finally I was on my 
way to England! 

My good friend, Chris Frampton, 
met me at the airport in London 
and took me to his home in Old 
Coulsdon, a suburb of London, 
where he provided me a room and 
a base of operations. Chris also in- 
troduced me to a number of his non- 

Dave Hoyt is Pastor of Youth Dis- 
cipleship at the Park Street Brethren 
Church in Ashland, Ohio. He made the 
mission trip described in this article 
from January 17 to February 3, 1994. 

May 1994 

By Dave Hoyt 

Christian friends, who are search- 
ing for meaning in life and have 
many questions. We shared lively 
discussions — with Jesus Christ al- 
ways at center stage — and their in- 
terest in spiritual life grew. 

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Between engagements, my visits 
with Chris's friends continued to 
fill my days, as we shared meals 
and time together. We talked about 
evil and suffering, world religions, 
Jesus Christ, and God. As I respond- 
ed to their questions, they asked 
me to show them where these an- 
swers were found in the Bible. 

On my first Friday in England 
(January 21st), I was invited to be 
the guest speaker for a youth night 
in Croyden, Surrey with some 175 
youth ages 12-22 in attendance. The 
worship, led by a local youth wor- 
ship team, was very inspiring! 

A visit to a prison 

On Sunday morning we set out 
for one of England's old prisons 
called Maidstone, which dates 
back several hundred years. This 
prison houses about 500 prisoners, 
many of whom committed serious 
crimes. I was the speaker for the 
Protestant worship service. The re- 

sponse of the inmates to my mes- 
sage was very open. Some prayed 
to receive Christ, and others asked 
for prayer. We visited one-on-one 
with them as long as they were al- 
lowed to stay. We felt a strong con- 
nection in God's Spirit and knew 
that we were being strengthened 
by the Spirit as we proclaimed Je- 
sus Christ's lordship to these men 
and as we passed on a message of 
hope. Chris and I were also asked 
by Chaplain Ed Ghinn and the in- 
mates to return for an evening Bi- 
ble study the next week. 

Later that day Chris took me to 
Purley Baptist Church, where I was 
scheduled to share in their evening 
worship service. This good-sized 
church building was filling rapidly 
as we entered. We were ushered to 
a prayer room, where we met the 
pastor and other church leaders 
and spent time in prayer. 

Support through prayer 

I learned that during the service 
I was going to be interviewed by 
the pastor. During that interview, 
I focused on the transforming 
power of Jesus Christ and told a 
little about Park Street Brethren 
Church in Ashland. I also gave some 
details about the short-term mis- 
sion in which I was engaged, so that 
they could be better informed in 
order to support us in prayer. A 
number of people came up after- 
wards to ask questions or to chat. 
Many expressed their appreciation 
and promised prayer support for 
us as our mission trip continued. 

I spent Tuesday preparing for 
the evening Bible study at Maid- 
stone prison. That night we met with 
a committed core of prisoners who 
made up the Bible study group. 
Worship led to prayer and then to 
a time of study and discussion. 
Our focus was on "God's Commit- 
ment to Parenting Us." Time flew 

by! Even after the closing prayer, 
the prisoners lingered with us as 
long as the guards would allow, 
asking questions and making addi- 
tional requests for prayer. One 
prisoner put a number of Bible 
bookmarks in my hand and said, 
"Please remember us!" 

I was again reminded of the 
privilege of representing Jesus 
Christ. I reflected on Matthew chap- 
ter 25, realizing again its reality! 
In dark, dreary, lonely, and needy 
settings, Jesus Christ is present. 

We spent most of the next day 
(Wednesday, January 26) at Deo 
Gloria Christian Trust, joining them 
for their weekly prayer meeting 
that afternoon. Deo Gloria Chris- 
tian Trust provides follow-up help 
for new Christians across Great 
Britain, prints outreach literature, 
has a cult and occult department 
to counter this influence, helps 
train lay-preachers, and assists 
the body of Christ in England in a 
variety of other ways. 

A visit to York 

The next morning we caught a 
train that took us to the city of 
York in Northern England. Trains 
in England are clean and modern. 
We enjoyed a long but scenic trip 
through rolling green hills and 
farmlands. As we traveled, we 
often visited with other passengers 
and took advantage of opportuni- 
ties to share our faith in Christ. 

In York we had the opportunity 
to do some sightseeing. I was able 
to capture some of the uniqueness 
of the area on video as we toured 
the city and climbed the old Roman 
walls that surround the center of 
town. We enjoyed walking the old 
stone streets and viewing architec- 
ture from centuries gone by, includ- 
ing Yorkminster Cathedral, which 
took several hundred years to 
build. Talk about a building pro- 
gram commitment! 

At the bed and breakfast where 
we stayed, I overheard a young 
German man being fed spiritualis- 
tic error by the owner, as she de- 
scribed the supposed wonders of 
several gurus. My heart began to 
pound as I heard God's Spirit tell- 
ing me to speak up for Jesus 
Christ. I said, "I couldn't help but 
overhear your conversation and 
wanted to ask if you would permit 

me to share what brought me into 
a direct relationship to God?" They 
both agreed, and I shared through 
personal experience and from the 
word of God how I had found Jesus 
Christ to be the direct way to sal- 
vation from God. 

I appealed to them: "It is only 
through Christ's shed blood that 
we can find forgiveness for our 
sins, and it is only through God's 
Savior and Messiah, Jesus Christ, 
that we can find ultimate Truth 

and a personal relationship with 
God. This is the gift of God to every- 
one who will receive Jesus Christ, 
His Son!" The response was not 
overwhelmingly positive from the 
woman, who was into her gurus, 
but the young German man came 
to me afterwards and thanked me. 
I knew a seed had been sown. 

North to Scotland 

Following our visit to York, we 
headed farther north to Scotland. 
Again the train ride was inspiring 
as the rolling hills grew larger. Soon 
we were in Scotland, where the high 
green hills dotted with sheep, the 
old stone farm buildings, the stone 
fences, and the rivers and streams 
running through the farms gave the 
landscape a picture-postcard quality. 
Traveling by train continued to 
afford us many opportunities to 
visit with and witness to other 
travelers. Later that day we had a 
mix-up about the stop where Chris's 
brother, Charles, was going to meet 
us. We got off about 80 miles from 
where we were supposed to, and 
had to rush to board another train. 
We barely made it to our next 

engagement in time, arriving in 
Perth, Scotland, a little less than a 
half an hour before we were due at 
a Christian rally. Whew! 

A vision for outreach 

Upon our arrival in Perth, Charles 
whisked us off to Perth Christian 
Center, where those praying for 
the meeting were just finishing 
their prayer time. I could sense a 
strong spiritual dynamic at work 
in this body of Scottish Christians. 
Soon the building was filling up 
with people, and you could see that 
Christians had brought many un- 
churched people with them. These 
believers seemed to have a strong 
vision for outreach. 

The worship was lively and joy 
filled the air! The combined prayers 
of my prayer-supporters in the 
U.S.A. and of the Christians at the 
center made it so. There is nothing 
like being in the center of God's will, 
but even so the thought of speak- 
ing to this growing crowd made my 
heart pound. Fortunately, the 
praise time and a few special testi- 
monies helped acclimate me before 
I was invited to speak. 

During the preliminaries I had 
asked the sound technician, "What 
was this building used for prior to 
becoming Perth Christian Center?" 
He replied, "Headquarters of a 
liquor distributing company." This 
was a useful bit of information and 
provided me with an illustration of 
God's ability to transform our lives 
and even the physical situations 
around us. 

The entire evening seemed charged 
with the Holy Spirit! Following the 
message, many asked for prayer, 
some prayed to receive Jesus 
Christ as their Lord, and a large 
group stayed, visited, and prayed 
until about 11:00 p.m. 

About 11:15 p.m. the pastor asked 
me, "Are you ready for tomorrow?" 
I asked, "For what?" He said, "For 
preaching the morning service." I 
was shocked and honored at the 
same time, but I felt that I should 
go for it since that's what the pas- 
tor was counting on. 

Returning to my hotel room, I 
was exhausted, but it was a good 
kind of exhaustion. As I drifted off 
to sleep I was praying, "Help, Lord! 
Give me the words and the direc- 
tion you want me to take." He led 

The Brethren Evangelist 

me to preach on the "Heart of God 
for the Lost." 

That Sunday morning some 40 
people came early for prayer, and 
as the day progressed it was obvi- 
ous that their prayers made a huge 
difference. Throughout the praise 
and worship time and during a 
Communion service that was fol- 
lowed by more worship, the imprint 
of the Almighty's Holy Spirit was 
evident. Again people stayed long 
after the message, visiting and min- 
istering to one another in prayer. 

A jam-packed day 

As the afternoon progressed and 
we were still together, the youth 
leader asked me if I would lead the 
evening youth meeting. I agreed, 
but I could tell that it was going to 
be a jam-packed day, since we would 
be leaving soon for Castle Huntley, 
a youth reformatory, where we had 
been invited to give a talk at the 
Protestant worship service. 

In a few minutes four of us were 
on our way to meet with the chap- 
lain of Castle Huntley at his home. 
Other workers joined us there for 
prayer, including the area director 
of Prison Fellowship. From the chap- 
lain's house we went to the refor- 
matory — which stood on the horizon 
like a dark medieval castle — where 
we were guided to a newer set of 
buildings and finally to a rel- 
atively small room designated for 
our use. I was invited to address 
the group, and I spoke on "How God 
Remakes an Out-of-Control Life." 

The young prisoners had a lot of 
good questions, typical of the Scot- 
tish people I had met to date. As 
they huddled around me, it was 
obvious that they were sincere in 
their spiritual questions; but it 
was also clear that they were 
eager to speak to an American. 
These were tough street kids with 
a thick Scottish brogue. Again I 
was reminded of the great privi- 
lege of representing Jesus Christ 
and glad for the ongoing ministry 
at Castle Huntley Reformatory. 

On our way back into Perth, we 
were dropped off for a supper hosted 
by two members of the church. Then 
we were off to the evening youth 
meeting — The Rock" — with a newly 
formed youth group. It was a joy to 
be with these young believers as 
we sensed God's hand of grace 

May 1994 

pouring out His blessings on them. 
Somewhere in this time frame I 
remembered the difficulty I had had 
getting plane tickets sorted out and 
the delays I'd experienced in get- 
ting out of the U.S.A. because of 
the weather. Obstacles are often a 
part of mission endeavors, as Sa- 
tan seeks to keep the gospel from 
getting out. We must press on in 
spite of these obstacles, because we 
have been given a ministry of rep- 
resenting God and of making sal- 

vation in Jesus Christ known to a 
world in need (2 Cor. 16-21). 

The next morning Chris and I 
joined Charles for breakfast, and 
then v/e were off to see two outreach 
buses we had heard about called 
the "Challenger 1 and 2." On both 
of these beautifully-maintained 
double-decker buses, the walls of 
the lower decks were covered with 
contemporary pictures on large 
panels telling the story of salva- 
tion. The upper decks were fitted 
with seats and a large V.C.R., to 
use in showing outreach and basic 
foundational teaching clips. 

A divine appointment 

After our tour of the buses, we 
caught a train heading for London, 
with a short stopover in Edinburgh. 
The train was crowded, so we had 
to split up. I ended up sitting next 
to Stephen, a young scientist. This 
encounter proved to be one more of 
those "divine appointments." 

Stephen, well-educated and well- 
mannered, was interested in soci- 
ety and religion and in sharing 
ideas. As we talked, he said, "I feel 
as though I'm at a crossroads in 

life spiritually. I do believe in God, 
because I know this world was cre- 
ated by order. I also believe in mir- 
acles and feel that a person who 
has no faith in God has little hope. 
And this world is a dreadful place 
if you don't have hope!" Neverthe- 
less, religion still baffled him, even 
though he grew up in the church. 
We continued to visit, and in time 
he asked me how I had come to faith 
in God. 

"God must have sent you" 

There are times when we may 
feel that our testimony of coming 
to faith in Jesus Christ is not very 
important, but it can have great 
impact. After I shared my search 
for truth and explained the basics 
of salvation, Stephen said, "I don't 
believe we are talking by chance. I 
have just recently started going to 
church, and I'm engaged to a girl 
who is a committed Christian 
whose parents are missionaries in 
Kenya. God must have sent you!" 

I was again excited to be in God's 
perfect will, sowing the truth of 
Jesus Christ. Before Stephen left 
the train in Northern England, I 
gave him some Christian litera- 
ture to read. He thanked me, and 
I knew that God's Holy Spirit, who 
had arranged this meeting, would 
continue to minister to him. 

Great Britain has a special place 
in my heart for a number of reasons. 
One of these is its great Christian 
heritage of church leaders, evan- 
gelists, theologians, and mission 
organizations, which impacted Chris- 
tendom and faithfully carried the 
gospel to the far reaches of our globe 
over the centuries. A second reason 
is because I was privileged to see the 
country close up over a four-year 
period while serving with a Chris- 
tian mission team in the past. 

There is much to admire about 
this land. But it is also a country 
that has experienced spiritual de- 
cline and which needs our prayer 
and our mission support. As I com- 
pleted my short-term mission trip 
in January, I was thankful for the 
strong blanket of prayer support I 
received from my church family dur- 
ing this mission endeavor. I was also 
thankful for the wide-open door to 
minister in England and Scotland 
and for the privilege of represent- 
ing Jesus Christ. [ft] 

What's Wrong 
With Being a Peace Church? 

By Chantal Logan 

Brethren Church, I was excited to 
learn that it was a "peace church." 
Growing up in Europe, I had been dis- 
mayed at how Christian churches through- 
out history had preached love on the one 
hand but had rallied to the cause of war 
on the other. Many of my contemporar- 
ies thought that this flagrant inconsis- 
tency proved not only that the church 
was hypocritical, but that the message of 
salvation could not be taken seriously. 

I was very happy, therefore, to know 
that at least one church upheld the 
standards of the gospel in times of war 
as well as in times of peace. Yet, when 
I spoke to Brethren people, I soon 
learned that most of them were not paci- 
fists. Actually, not only did these people 
not see Christ's teachings about peace 
as vital to the faith, but many even 
cringed at the idea of the Brethren de- 
nomination being called a "peace church." 
Pacifism, if not a bad word, was at least 
an embarrassing one in Brethren circles. 
The Brethren peace position was often 
referred to as a "historic position" in a 
seeming attempt to make non-violence a 
thing of the past, irrelevant to today's 

An ambiguous position 

The Brethren statement on peace, 
adopted some ten years ago, reflects the 
church's ambiguity on this issue. Most 
people in the church today do not seem 
to see the immense value or the biblical 
basis of holding an unequivocal position 
for peace. 

As we are living in times when the 
threat of war is still very great, with vio- 
lence on the increase, I think it is impor- 
tant for The Brethren Church to exam- 
ine its beliefs and to dispel its misgiv- 
ings and misunderstandings about peace. 

Mrs. Logan, a former Brethren mis- 
sionary, is a member of the Bethlehem 
Brethren Church, Harrisonburg, Va. 
Her homeland is France. She currently 
serves on a Brethren peace task force. 


This is necessary to the church if it is to 
remain faithful to its God-given call. 

The first thing that needs to be clari- 
fied is that the historic peace position of 
The Brethren Church has nothing to do 
with political ideologies. It has nothing 
to do with liberals or conservatives, left- 
wing or right-wing politics, communism 
or fascism. It does not even have much 
to do with pacifism, as we often think of 
it today. 

A matter of obedience 

Brethren opposition to war is solely a 
matter of obedience to biblical teaching, 
an application of radical discipleship to 
all of life. "Non-resistance," as the 
Brethren called it, influences all areas of 
our lives. It calls us to love and not to 
retaliate against our private enemies as 
well as our corporate or national ene- 
mies. It is to be practiced in times of 
peace as well as in times of war. It is to 
be lived within the borders of one's 
church and also outside the borders of 
one's country. Actually, loving one's 
enemies does not exclude anyone. It 
cuts across racial, social, and political 

As a consequence, the Brethren re- 
fused to participate in war or to use vio- 
lence against their enemies, not because 
they naively thought that this would 
bring an end to war or conflict, but sim- 
ply because they wanted to obey the 
commandments of Jesus Christ. Be- 
cause religious practices do have politi- 
cal consequences, the practice by the 
Brethren of non-resistance did lead to 
their being labeled "pacifists" and to 
their practice being called "pacifism." 
Yet in their own eyes, their way of 
peace was simply faithfulness to the 
teachings of the Sermon on the Mount. 

In contrast to others, who have tried 
throughout history to do away with the 
new commandments of Jesus, the Breth- 
ren did not water them down. Brethren 
did not add any "but," "if," or "and." 
They just assumed that if Christ told 
them to love their enemies, they should 

do just that, no matter what the conse- 
quences might be. Perhaps Brethren 
were not sophisticated enough to ration- 
alize themselves out of following 
Christ's commands or to believe that 
they could be Christian without practic- 
ing what Jesus preached. Perhaps they 
just refused to be hypocrites. 

So what is wrong with that? What can 
be embarrassing about Christians taking 
the message of the gospel seriously? 
What can be wrong with being biblical, 
not only in word but also in deed? Why 
would we want to relegate such a coura- 
geous and valuable stand to the past? Is 
it ignorance or misunderstanding? Or is 
it perchance an unwillingness to pay the 

Incorrect associations 

Undoubtedly, misunderstanding has 
played an important role in turning off 
many Brethren from anything remotely 
related to the issue of "pacifism." Many 
people associate being a "pacifist" with 
stereotypes of long-haired hippies and 
draft-dodgers burning their draft cards 
or desecrating the flag. Others, caught 
up in the hype of the cold-war mental- 
ity, saw "pacifists" as communist sym- 
pathizers playing into the hands of the 
Soviet Union. This kind of reaction oc- 
curs when people do not distinguish be- 
tween the interests of the church and the 
interests of the state (a separate issue 
that may be discussed at another time). 

But as we have seen, the Brethren 
position was not politically motivated. 
In religious circles, anyone taking a stand 
for peace (except through strength) 
comes under suspicion of being a "theo- 
logical liberal." Since Brethren natu- 
rally align themselves with the "conser- 
vative" camp because of their under- 
standing of Scripture, they were easily 
swept up in the strong wind of the evan- 
gelical movement. They adopted many 
of its positions, even those that ran con- 
trary to Brethren tradition, without exer- 
cising the discernment a 250-year-old 
church ought to possess. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Brethren failed to see that there was 
more to evangelicalism than theology. 
There was also an endorsement of po- 
litical and social agendas that reflected 
more the partisan politics of the time 
than the teachings of Jesus Christ. 

Fortunately, the evangelical move- 
ment is coming to maturity and is begin- 
ning to realize it should not be identified 
with any political movement. But in the 
meantime, this political evangelicalism 
antagonized whole segments of Ameri- 
can society who now refuse even to 
look at the claims of Jesus Christ be- 
cause they equate being "born again" 
with being "right wing." The Brethren, 
with their long-held peace tradition, 
should have been able to avoid this pit- 
fall, and also to have warned others 
against it. 

Is it, then, a fear of being labeled lib- 
eral that embarrasses the Brethren away 
from an unequivocal peace position? Or 
is there still some other misunderstand- 
ing that needs to be dispelled? I hope no 
one thinks that to hold a peace position 
means you have to hate or reject all peo- 
ple who are or have been in the military. 
Doing so, of course, is the very antithe- 
sis of any Christian peace position and 
would be hypocritical. 

My experience has taught me that 
some of the people most convinced of 
the evil of war are the veterans who 
themselves fought in past wars. In con- 
trast to those who have seen war and 
violence only on television from the 
comfort of a reclining chair, those who 
have experienced war first hand know 
there is nothing good or glorious about 
it. It is frightening to think that young 
people today see the horrors of war only 
as a great adventure on a giant video 

There is nothing pretty about killing 
human beings, whether it is done in self- 
defense or under orders while wearing a 
uniform. Making killing look fun or glam- 
orous is certainly a sin for which our 
society is going to have to pay a high 
price (if we are not already doing so). 

Our greatest stumbling block 

Have all the misunderstandings been 
dispelled? Is it time to be honest with 
ourselves and look at what may be our 
greatest stumbling block to teaching 

May 1994 

non-resistance today? Could it be that 
we just don't want to pay the price of 
living by the way of peace? Have we 
become so worldly, so attached to our 
possessions that we are willing to kill in 
order to keep them? Or maybe less dra- 
matically, are we willing to sue a Chris- 
tian brother so as to maintain our rights 
or to get what we think we deserve. 

Is it God we trust? 

We say that we trust in God. But it 
seems that we entrust the safety of our 
families to deadly weapons rather than 
to the mercy and power of the living 
Christ. If it is true that no one can say 
what he or she will do in a life-threaten- 
ing situation, it is also true that our hu- 

man weakness or lack of faith does not 
abolish the commandments of Christ. 
His words still stand for the church to 
preach and uphold. We are called to re- 
examine our lives in the light of these 
commands, not to do away with the 
commands because of their difficulty. 

It is up to us to decide what kind of 
church we want to be today, a church 
that values the teachings of the Sermon 
on the Mount, or a church that accom- 
modates its teachings to the theological 
fads or the political pressures of the day. 
The call of Christ to radical discipleship 
is still valid today. Blessed is the church 
that heeds and preaches that call! 

Blessed are the peacemakers, for they 
will be called children of God. [ft] 

"Call Your First Witness" 

WE LIVE in an age of great politi- 
cal show trials, involving issues 
no less significant than the slavery is- 
sue of the 1860s. We live in the midst 
of moral crises — abortion, pornogra- 
phy, nuclear proliferation, genocide, 
apartheid, euthanasia, epidemics of 
suicide, AIDS, violence and internation- 
al terrorism, and outrageous inequi- 
ties in material well-being. Daily, these 
issues are tried in the courts, in the 
press, in the media, and on the streets. 

The Christians of the world have 
many opportunities to participate in 
these trials, and they know they can 
offer genuine healing and hope be- 
cause Jesus, their master, rose from 
the dead and lives even now. Many, 
like Peter, will deny that they know 
Christ. But like infants learning to walk, 
Christians need to start caring about 
some issues. This might lead to prayer 
about those issues. And finally, they 
may be ready to stand up and take 
the risk of speaking out in the court- 
room of the world — in truth and obe- 
dience, just as Jesus did so long ago. 

The Christian is called to be a light 
to the world. One man who under- 
stood and acted upon his faith was 
Joseph of Arimathea. The Apostle Luke 
tells us that Joseph, a member of the 
Sanhedrin, objected to the decisions 
of that court and asked for Jesus' body. 
He prepared it lovingly and placed it 
in his own tomb. What hatred and 
ridicule he must have faced from his 
peers! He was the dissenting vote, the 

traitor to his class, the fool who had 
faith in the miracle man from Galilee. 
Luke writes the epitaph for this Joseph 
of whom we know so little and yet so 
much: "Joseph, a good and upright 
man" (Luke 23:50, niv). 

In this our age of trials may there 
be 10,000 men and women like Joseph 
of Arimathea. . . . people who take 
risks for what is right — rational, intelli- 
gent Christian, leaders in their com- 
munities, willing to be "salt" Christians, 
acting in faith to give seasoning to a 
flavorless world. The Holy Spirit is call- 
ing those "good and upright" people 
now. What an honor to be "in" this 
wonderful world, but "of" the next one. 

Now is the time to encourage the 
faithful to render unto Caesar only 
that which is Caesar's and to give 
God all the rest. Give Him the best 
fruits of your time, your labors; give 
your love to the things that will not 
tarnish or wither away. The trial of Je- 
sus, and of each one of His followers, 
goes on every day until He returns. 
He calls us to be actors in the drama, 
defenders of the faith, voices of right- 
eousness: "You must be on your guard. 
You will be handed over to the local 
councils and flogged in the synagogues. 
On account of me you will stand be- 
fore governors and kings as witness 
to them" (Mark 13:9, niv). [ft] 

From: Crucify Him: A Lawyer looks at 
the trial of Jesus by Dale Foreman (Zon- 
deruan, 1990). Provided by the publish- 
er; used by permission. 

the Bible 

THIS ARTICLE is the third and 
final installment in a series de- 
voted to slogans that have had a 
long and prominent history among 
the Brethren. An understanding of 
the significance of these slogans can 
help us appreciate the convictions 
that have been fundamental to the 
Brethren faith. 

"In essentials unity, 

in nonessentials liberty, 

in all things charity" 

In 1940 Charles F. Yoder, who 
had opened Brethren missions in 
Argentina, wrote a series of articles 
for the Evangelist on what he 
called "the Brethren slogan." He ob- 
served that the slogan "In essen- 
tials unity, in nonessentials liberty, 
in all things charity" was "known to 
every reader of Brethren literature, 
for it is found in our books and is 
quoted in our periodicals. It seems 
to be universally approved in the 
church "* 

This slogan, like the motto "The 
Bible, the whole Bible, and nothing 
but the Bible," initially came into 
general use in The Brethren Church 
in the 1880s at the time of the 
division with the German Baptist 
Brethren. It served to define quite 
well the Progressive position that 
the church should be united on the 
essentials of the gospel. But on other 
matters — dress, church traditions, 
higher education, Sunday schools, 

♦Charles F. Yoder, "The Brethren Slogan 
(I)," The Brethren Evangelist, 62 (August 
13, 1940), p. 8. 

Dr. Stoffer is assistant professor of 
historical theology at Ashland Theolog- 
ical Seminary. He serves on The Breth- 
ren Church's Committee on Doctrine, 
Research, and Publication, which is 
preparing this series of articles. 


Historic Brethren Slogans 
About the Bible 

Third of Three Parts 

By Dale R. Stoffer 

and evangelism — individuals and 
individual churches need to be ex- 
tended liberty of conscience. (The 
Progressives would have criticized 
the official position on the first two 
items just mentioned, but would 
have supported the other three.) 
The process of discussing such is- 
sues needs to take place in a con- 
text of mutual love. 

Some excellent counsel 

This slogan provides some excel- 
lent counsel on the interpretation 
and application of Scripture. First, 
like our Progressive forebears, we 
should regard as essential those 
things necessary for salvation and 
those things, both doctrinal and prac- 
tical, that are clearly required or 
taught by Scripture (the person and 
work of Christ, the necessity of re- 
pentance and faith to receive salva- 
tion, fidelity in marriage, etc.). On 
these we should have universal 
agreement and unity; deviations 
from these standards should not be 

Second, on other issues not neces- 
sary for salvation and on doctrinal, 
moral, and practical issues on which 
the Bible has no clear directive, there 
should be liberty of conscience. Ex- 
amples include the time of Christ's 
second coming, whether married 
Christians should practice contra- 
ception, and whether or not to use 
pianos, guitars, or drums in wor- 
ship services. 

Third, whenever disagreements 
arise within the church, we should 
"be patient, bearing with one an- 
other in love." Though it takes ef- 
fort "to keep the unity of the Spirit 
through the bond of peace," this is 
the charge that Paul gives to every 
Christian (Eph. 4:2-3). Our goal must 
always be to speak the truth in love 
(Eph 4:15), for this is the only means 
by which the church nan be built up 

as it seeks to understand and apply 
God's word. 

You may wonder why you no long- 
er often hear the three slogans dis- 
cussed in this series of articles. I 
believe there are several reasons. 

The "whole Gospel plea" has prob- 
ably fallen into disuse because we 
live at a time when Christians em- 
phasize their similarities rather than 
their differences. We Brethren, in 
our effort to identify with the evan- 
gelical movement, have tended not to 
emphasize our distinctive approach 
to baptism and Communion. 

Second, the Christian church to- 
day tends to give less attention to 
doctrine than to "practical" issues 
such as church growth, counseling, 
youth ministry, etc. (all of which 
have their proper place). Each of 
these slogans reflects a concern for 
arriving at sound doctrine as well 
as practice. Present trends in the 
church have tended to create a set- 
ting in which these slogans and doc- 
trine in general have less appeal. 

Are these trends good? 

Should we be concerned about these 
trends? Our Christian and Breth- 
ren faith rises or falls based upon 
our commitment to knowing and 
practicing biblical truth. If we fall 
prey to the recent tendency of de- 
preciating doctrine, whether because 
of the liberal rejection of absolute 
truth or the conservative prefer- 
ence for "practical" programs that 
can bring growth, cultural respect- 
ability, and success, we will be con- 
tributing to a disregard for truth 
that will continue to erode the foun- 
dations of the church in America. 

Let us never waver in our com- 
mitment to be faithful to God's truth 
as it has been revealed in Christ 
and His word. Only then will we 
have a context in which these slo- 
gans have a meaningful place, [ft] 

The Brethren Evangelist 

^publication, dftke fycthreh, fy/Snuui's Missionary Socitttf 

May-June 1994 

Volume 7, Number 5 

ihc presidents Jtn 

Dear Ladies, 

We have all heard the saying "It's 
not what you know, but who you know 
that counts." We must admit there is 
some truth in this. I'm sure we have 
all been impressed (at one time or an- 
other) when an acquaintance mentions 
knowing an important person. How 
many times have we mentioned the 
name of Jesus in our conversations? 
He is certainly a very important per- 
son. Do we mention His name when 
we are with friends? Are they im- 
pressed that we "know" Him? 

We have a Share Group that meets 
at our home on Tuesday evenings. We 
are participating in the study "Passing 
on the Promise" and, in watching the 
videos and studying the book, we are 
learning how to share our faith with 
those we come in contact with on a 
daily basis. It's not an easy thing to 
step out of our comfort zone and speak 
of Jesus as our friend. We need to be 
firm in our faith and secure in our 
knowledge of God. This is something 
we all need to work at and, in time, we 
will grow comfortable in sharing our 

Annual Conference is only a few 
months away. We look forward to see- 
ing the Kumars and Allen Baer. They 
will have much to share with us. Plan 
to be at Conference. 

Have any of you had a special pro- 
gram for the Public Service? If so, 
please write Joan Ronk and let her 
know and I am sure she will share 
those ideas with the rest of us. 

The Executive Board of WMS will be 
meeting before Conference, so if you 
have any questions, concerns, or sug- 
gestions for WMS, please let me know. 
We will have only two meeting times 
at Conference this year, so business 
will be at a minimum. 

I pray for all of you and trust that 
your WMS groups are having a great 

God Bless You. 
Shirley Black 


Devotions given by Lois Oligee at Ohio WMS Conference, 

March 12, 1994 

Text: Blessed is that servant, whom his lord, 
when he cometh, shall find so doing. Luke 12:43 

What are you doing? 

The WMS motto is Women Meant to 
Serve, and our devotional theme for 
this year is Living for Jesus in all that 
we do, say, think, read, and see. So 
why do we do what we are doing? 

We have fundraisers, mother and 
daughter banquets, father and son 
dinners, Bible studies, and mission 
fairs. Why? It is time to quit looking 
for signs and start listening for sounds 
of His return, because Jesus is com- 
ing again! 

We are to grow in love and admoni- 
tion of our Lord; we are to become full- 
term babies and move from the diet of 
milk to that of meat. 

For what purpose? 
For a witness. 

Of what? 

God's knowledge can't stay in us. We 
are light and have to shine out, so oth- 
ers see Christ in us. Our daily actions 
are to bring others one step closer to 
Jesus Christ. 

What, then, is the end? 

We are to preach and teach to the 
world about God's love, His forgive- 
ness, and saving grace. The Great 
Commission (see below) sends us into 

All authority in heaven and on 
earth has been given to me. 
Therefore go and make disciples 
of all nations, baptizing them in 
the name of the Father and of the 
Son and of the Holy Spirit, and 
teaching them to obey everything 
I have commanded you. And 
surely I am with you always, to 
the very end of the age. 

Matthew 28:18-20 

the world to preach, and yet we are not 
of the world. 

They are not of the world, even 
as I am not of it. 

John 17:16 

We keep the world from "rubbing off 
on us" by protecting ourselves with 
daily study of God's Word and com- 
munion with Him. (This is one reason 
why a WMS goal is daily devotions.) 

I'm excited about the missionaries 
getting the Word out. So must we, and 
the mother and daughter banquets, 
the father and son dinners, and the 
fundraisers have to give the message 
that Jesus saves. 

A sponge, sitting in the sink and 
soaking up water, will soon sour. We 
should not be like that sponge. In- 
stead, we need to be squeezed out and 
then used for God's work. In Ezekiel 
33:7-9, the Lord speaks to Ezekiel: 

J have made you a watchman; 
When I say to the wicked, "O 
wicked man, you will surely die," 
and you do not speak to dissuade 
him from his ways, that wicked 
man will die for his sin, and I 
will hold you accountable for his 

We are the watchman and our light 
must be evident in all that we do. Our 
service must be the Truth. 

Missionary <^Mscdiamj 

Allen Baer of Argentina and Pra- 
santh and Nirmala Kumar of India 
plan to be in the U.S. during General 
Conference. The Kumars' son, Sudhir, 
hopes to come, also. Continue to pray 
that his visa will be granted. Pray for 
traveling mercies for all of them. 

A new chapel, Casita de Betania, in 
Rosario, Argentina, is nearing comple- 
tion. This chapel will seat 100. It is the 
location where Maria Miranda and her 
two brothers were reared. Her family 
is doing this as a memorial. 

The Growth Partner Club Call for 
1994 is for the Northwest Brethren 
Chapel in Tucson, pastored by Dave 
West. Proceeds from this call will help 
build an educational wing which will 
provide much-needed Sunday school 

Something very exciting, called 
STAKE, is happening in the Florida 
district. Developed by the Missions/ 
Outreach Ministry of the Florida Dis- 
trict, this plan is to plant clusters of 
churches in close proximity to one an- 
other. The plan is to use tentmaking 
teams (individuals who are employed 
in secular jobs). If you are interested 
and want more information, contact 
the Missionary Board office in Ashland 
(524 College Avenue or phone 419-289- 

The Sarasota Hispanic Brethren 
Church will hold outdoor evangelistic 
services on the last weekends of April, 
May, and June in various parts of the 
city. Daniel Rosales, the pastor, wrote 
that Sarasota has a population of ap- 
proximately 14,000 Hispanics. Only 
about 200 of these attend church in 
the four Hispanic evangelical churches 
in the city. That leaves 13,800 un- 
churched, unsaved people to reach 
with the gospel! 

The outdoor services follow house-to- 
house visits, the Bible method (Acts 
5:42). Their goal is to visit 1,000 His- 
panic families in their homes, not only 
to give them an invitation, but also to 
present them with the gospel person- 
ally. And then come the outdoor evan- 
gelistic meetings in different places in 
the city each month. The meetings will 
include evangelistic films, Hispanic 
music, and the Gospel message by Pas- 
tor Rosales. 

Pray for this ministry, for Pastor 
Rosales, for those who will hear, and 
that Satan's works will be destroyed. 

Tim and Jan Eagle and Todd and 
Tracy Ruggles had the opportunity at 
Christmas to work with volunteers 
from the U.S. to distribute gift boxes to 
more than 2,000 children! The four 
were translators as well as workers. 
The packages included a new outfit 
with socks and shoes, underwear, 
toothpaste and brush, and a toy. Each 
child received a Christmas card, which 
was made by another child in the 
United States. For them, this was the 
true spirit of Christmas. 

The Eagles and Ruggles request 
prayers for: 

1. approval of their permanent visas; 

2. a place where Jan can teach and 
Tracy can use her nursing skills; 

3. God's guidance in making contacts 
in Prados del Rosario — Tim and 
Todd work here; 

4. for growth and faithful witnessing 
in all areas; and 

5. Pastor Caleron, who will be ordained 
soon, and Ramon Hernandez, who 
will be licensed. They will assist in 
pastoral responsibilities. 

Dick and Kitty Winfield will be 
short-term missionaries in June, July, 
and August. They will teach English 
as the second language to students in 
China and witness to the nationals in 
their everyday experiences. 

The Home Missions pastors and their 
families are the May missionaries-of- 
the month: Jim and Ann Miller in Car- 
mel, Indiana; Charlie and Linda 
Beekley in Frederick, Maryland; and 
Todd and Princene Bonnett in Mans- 
field, Ohio. 

In June the missionaries-of-the- 
month are Prasanth and Nirmala Ku- 
mar in India and David and Jenny Loi 
in Malaysia. 

Plan to attend the 






August 8-12 
Ashland, Ohio 

The Woman's Missionary 
Society meetings are Tuesday 
and Thursday. The luncheon 
is Thursday noon, August 11. 

Special features of WMS are 
the Project offering and the 
Thank offering. 

Don't miss this time of wor- 
ship, learning, fellowship, and 
business with other WMS 


Published bimonthly in January, 
March, May, July, September, and No- 
vember by the Woman's Missionary 
Society of The Brethren Church. 

Mrs. Dorman Ronk, Editor 
1325 Coachman Court 
Ashland, Ohio 44805 

Subscription price, $7.50 per year in 

Send all subscriptions to Mrs. Robert 
Kroft, 608 Twp. Road 1151, RD 5, Ash- 
land, OH 44805 

Woman's Outlook Newsletter 

ITte 9\[ationaC (Project 

Men of Mission 

David and Jenny Loi are dedicated 
workers in Malaysia, and their minis- 
try continues to expand. This creates a 
good problem — the need for additional 
well-trained workers. Last summer we 
women perceived this need and chose 
to establish an endowment fund for 
the seminary training of Malaysian 
workers. Our offering received in Au- 
gust will be given to the Missionary 
Board who, in turn, will invest it and 
use the interest for training students 
in Malaysia for the pastoral ministry. 

Seminary training in Malaysia — as 
in the United States — is very expen- 
sive. This money will be a scholarship, 
given to the students for their semi- 
nary expenses. Jim Black, executive 
director of the Missionary Board, said 
at least two very capable young men 
are ready now for seminary training. 

The students will probably attend a 
seminary in Singapore, not in the U.S., 

which alleviates many problems. 
Among them is securing a visa into the 
U.S.A. for study. 

The Malaysian endowment is a two- 
year project; we are the givers; the 
Missionary Board is the investor; and 
the Malaysian students are the receiv- 
ers. The Missionary Board will give 
only the earned interest to the semi- 
nary students. The principal (our offer- 
ing) will not be spent, but will always 
be earning interest to help additional 
seminarians. This is the joy of an en- 

And, as you pray for the Malaysian 
missionaries (David and Jenny, David 
Chew, and other lay leaders), pray for 
more generous understanding by the 
Malaysian government. The Brethren 
Church is not recognized by the Ma- 
laysian government, which presents 

Last year I wrote that Brethren Men 
of Mission could include women, and 
several responded by working at the 
Riverside Christian School in Lost 
Creek, Kentucky. Through cooperative 
efforts, the classrooms were finished 
and the school served the needs of 
more students in southeastern Ken- 
tucky this year. 

As at home, there is always work to 
do at the Riverside School. This year 
the men's efforts are focused on raising 
$10,000 for the school. Their project of- 
fering will be received at General Con- 

The Men of Mission are communi- 
cating the need for funds, but those in 
your church may need a reminder from 
us. The WMS has contributed to the 
support of the Riverside School for 
many years, both as a local society's 
project and through a portion of the 
Thank Offering. We are glad the BMOM 
are doing likewise. 

There is no organized work team at 
Riverside this summer, but if you want 
to go on your own schedule, contact 
Doran and Nancy Hostetler (606-666- 

The WMS sessions of the 1993 INDI- 
conducted by Dolly Zerbe. The title of 
her President's message was "What 
Kind of Dirt are You?" Dolly talked 
about the different kinds of dirt she 
has on their place — the good, black, 
workable dirt in her flower beds, the 
so-so dirt in her garden, and the very, 
very hard dirt in the backyard. 

She compared this to people with 
whom we come in contact. The very easy 
to work with who make it such a joy 
for a WMS president. The so-so people 
who do OK, if the conditions are just 
perfect, and the very, very hard who 
can cause a president to want to throw 
in the towel! Dolly stated that all this 
dirt can be productive. She continues 
to keep working and the very hard dirt 
is going to produce a beautiful lawn. 
The so-so dirt is going to produce a 


good garden, and the good workable 
dirt is producing beautiful flowers. 

This is the way with God. He contin- 
ues to work with us until we will be 
productive. All can be productive. It is 
just that some are harder to work with 
than others. Dolly challenged the la- 
dies to be that good, black, rich, pli- 
able, workable dirt. 

And, with that challenge, Dolly 
asked that her name not be nominated 
again for president. She has served for 
eleven years. The officers elected for 
two years are: President — Susie Stout, 
Peru; Vice President — Wanda Arman- 
trout, Huntington; Secretary-Treas- 
urer — Beverly Baker, South Bend; 
Assistant Secretary-Treasurer — Cindi 
Stout, Burlington; Financial Secre- 
tary — Charlene Rowser, Goshen; and 
Assistant Financial Secretary — Ma- 
tilda Stout, Peru. 

FERENCE was hosted by the Gretna 
ladies in March. Patti Bub presided 
over the business meeting, following 
devotions by Lois Oligee. Patti an- 
nounced the district retreat is October 
14-15 at Camp Bethany. Shirley Black, 
the national president, reminded the 
ladies about the Malaysian endow- 
ment for the national project. She also 
reported on last year's national pro- 
ject — the offering for the girls' orphan- 
age in India. The Kumars presently 
have 15 girls in the orphanage and 
soon 15 more will move in. With your 
project offerings, you have helped to 
give these girls a Christian home. 

The district project for next year is 
financial and prayer support for a 
church planting project in the Medina/ 
Wadsworth area. 






A special thanks to all the ladies 
and societies who sent quilt squares 
this year. In the works for the Confer- 
ence auction are: two wall hangings/ 
throws, two aprons, and eight tote bags. 

These projects will use all of the 
squares that I have — both from past 
years and this year. So, after Confer- 
ence, I will once again ask for quilt 
squares. You might want to begin 
thinking about them now. 

God Bless You, 
Joan Merrill 


Dear Friends, 

I'd like to take this opportunity to 
thank you for the scholarship. It al- 
ways seems that just when I start to 
wonder how I will be able to afford an- 
other semester, God steps in and pro- 
vides. It's a real blessing to have that 
kind of encouragement. I pray that 
God will bless you for your generosity. 
My plans after graduation aren't set 
yet, but I hope to find employment, be 
a tentmaker, and help with STAKE in 

Thanks again. 

In Christ, 
Annalee Hoover 


The suggested book list for your in- 
spirational reading next year. The Ex- 
ecutive Committee will choose the 
books at the May Board meeting, then 
the list will be compiled and sent to 
your president. This gives you time to 
consider your choices before purchas- 
ing them at General Conference. 

Hfit editor's Biditu 

Dear Friend, 

Consider the questions in Lois's de- 
votions — what are you doing? and 
what is your purpose? 

When you evaluate your society's ac- 
tivities and check your goals, think 
about why you did this and that. Did 
others know you were a Christian 
when you did this, or were you consid- 
ered part of the world? 

There are many good and worth- 
while causes in the country today, but 
the Christian message is different. 
Make sure your activities and contri- 
butions glorify Christ as Lord. And 
this is true for you personally as well 
as for your society. This is another 
very obvious way of "Passing on the 
Promise" and "Living Proof" that you 
are a Christian and a follower of 
Christ. Let your light shine in all your 

The National Day of Prayer is 
Thursday, May 5. The United States 
is the only country to observe this day. 
We have numerous reasons for praise 
and numerous petitions. I encourage 
you to participate in this day as a per- 
son and as a family. Remember, the 
family who prays together stays to- 

In May and June we celebrate 
Mother's, Children's, and Father's 
Days — wonderful occasions for us who 
have happy memories. And now is the 
time for us to build happy memories 
for our children, showing by example 
the Christian's walk and talk, and en- 
couraging them to accept Jesus Christ 
as their Savior and to live lives pleas- 
ing to the Lord. It is not too early to 
begin praying for and with your chil- 
dren and grandchildren. They have to 
be protected from the world just as we 
do, because the devil is on the loose. 
Furthermore, "our" children are a gift 
from God; they are really God's chil- 

Fortify your family with daily devo- 
tions. Start the day and conclude the 
night with prayer. The little symbol of 
praying hands which I use frequently 
in the Newsletter is not a space filler. 
It is a reminder that our hands, 
hearts, and minds are turned to God in 
praise and supplication. 



An old and beautiful hymn is 
"Happy the Home When God is There," 
based on II Timothy 1:5: "When I call 
to remembrance the . . . faith that is in 
thee, which dwelt first in thy grand- 
mother, . . . and thy mother." The 
words are written by Henry Ware, Jr., 
and Bryan Leech wrote the last 
stanza. The tune is by John Dykes. 

Pray this: 

Happy the home when God is there 
And love fills everyone, 
When with united work and prayer 
The Master's will is done. 

Happy the home where God's strong 

Is starting to appear, 
Where all the children hear His fame 
And parents hold Him dear. 

Happy the home where prayer is 

And praise is everywhere, 
Where parents love the sacred Word 
And its true wisdom share. 

Lord, let us in our homes agree 
This blessed peace to gain; 
Unite our hearts in love to Thee, 
And love to all will reign. Amen. 

With this poem as our foundation, 
we can celebrate a Family Day. 

Your friend, 
L/ Joan 


Woman's Outlook Newsletter 

The Crusader Program 

The 1994 Crusader Interns 
and District Crusaders 

Twenty-one young people will serve in the Crusader program this summer. 
Ten will serve as Crusader Interns, and eleven will serve on three District 
Crusader teams in the Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Southeastern Districts. 

ing in the Crusader Intern 
program have reached the point 
of giving serious consideration to 
full-time Christian service. As 
Crusader Interns, they have an 
opportunity to experience minis- 
try in a real-life setting in one 
location for the entire summer 
under the guidance of a qualified 
pastor/supervisor. One of the 
benefits of serving as Crusader 
Interns is that it provides these 
young adults with an opportunity 
to clarify God's call on their lives. 
The following 10 persons will 
be serving as Crusader Interns 
this summer. 

Stout, a 

of the 
in Bur- 
a third- 

student at Ashland Theological 
Seminary, will serve as a pastoral 
intern at the First Brethren 
Church in North Manchester, In- 
diana. This will be Kurt's second 
summer at North Manchester. 

Stacy Oligee, a member of the 
First Brethren Church in West 


and a 
year stu- 
dent at 

serve as 

a Youth Intern, supervising the 
Ohio District Crusader Program 
and assisting with the 1994 BYIC 

Karen Robins, a member of 
the First Brethren Church in 
and a 
at Ash- 
sity, will 
as an 

Intern at the First Brethren 
Church in Nappanee, Indiana. 

Annalee Hoover, a member of 
the Park Street Brethren Church 
in Ashland, Ohio, and a graduate 
this month (May 1994) from Ash- 
land University, will serve as a 

tian Ed- 
at the 
in Van- 

Sarah Hollewell, from the 

and a 
senior at 
sity, will 
serve as 
a mem- 
ber of 

the camp staff at Camp Bethany 
in Ohio. 

Chris Diehl, a member of the 
Fairless Hills-Levittown Breth- 

in Levit- 
and a 
senior at 
of the 


May 1994 


will serve as a Pastoral Intern at 
the Gretna Brethren Church in 
Bellefontaine, Ohio. 

Four Interns — Becki Fulmer 
(University Church, Ashland, 
Ohio, and a second-year student 

at Ashland Theological Seminary); 
Wendy Barr (Hagerstown, Mary- 
land, First Brethren Church and 
a junior at Ashland University); 
Dawn Kidd (Bethlehem Breth- 
ren Church, Harrisonburg, Vir- 
ginia, and a part of the work 

force); and Lawrence Logan 

(also from the Bethlehem Breth- 
ren Church and a sophomore at 
Bridgewater College) — will serve 
as camp staff members at the 
Brethren Retreat Center in Ship- 
shewana, Indiana. 

District Crusaders 

THOSE SERVING in the Dis- 
trict Crusader program are 
high school young people, ages 
15-18, who have completed the 
tenth, eleventh, or twelfth grade. 
District Crusaders serve within 
their own districts. 

The Pennsylvania District will 
be fielding its fifth District Cru- 
sader team this summer. This is 
the second year for the Ohio Dis- 
trict to participate in this program, 
and the first year for the South- 
eastern District. 

Pennsylvania District Crusaders 

Three young people have been 
chosen to serve as the Pennsylva- 

nia District Crusaders. Jaime 
Gillespie, a second year veteran, 
will serve as captain of the team. 
She is from the Vinco Brethren 
Church in Mineral Point. Eric 
Rosie from the Masontown 
Brethren Church and Angela 
Szelong from the Valley Breth- 
ren Church in Jones Mills will 
serve as the other team members. 
This team will serve at three 
vacation Bible schools (at the 
Wayne Heights, Masontown, and 
Cameron Brethren Churches) 
and work as camp staff at the 
Pennsylvania elementary camp. 
In addition, they will do a week- 
end program at the Berlin Breth- 
ren Church 
and help with 
the Pennsyl- 
vania District 
Youth Confer- 

Southeastern District Crusaders 

Three young ladies will serve 
on the Southeastern District Cru- 
sader team. Jenna Bowen from 
the Oak Hill, West Virginia, 
Church will 
serve as team 
captain. Nicole 
Hult of the 
Maryland, First 
Church, and 
Erin Baker of Team captain 
the St. James, Jenna Bowen 
Maryland, Brethren Church will 
serve as the other team mem- 
bers. This team will serve at the 

(left to right) 
Eric Rosie, 
Jaime Gillespie 
Angela Szelong. 

Erin Baker Nicole Hult 

Southeastern District intermedi- 
ate camp and assist with vacation 
Bible school at the Hagerstown 
First Brethren Church 

Ohio District Crusaders 

Five young people will serve on 
the 1994 Ohio District Crusader 
team. Kayleen Gibson, a second- 
year District Crusader, will serve 


The Brethren Evangelist 



Moderator Jim Hess guides the plow as Park Street 
Brethren pull together to break ground for the new Family Life Center. 

Park Street Church Breaks Ground 
April 24 for New Family Life Center 

Ashland, Ohio — The congregation of 
the Ashland Park Street Brethren Church 
broke ground on Sunday morning, April 
24, for a new Family Life Center. 

When completed, the 13,000-square- 
foot Family Life Center will contain 
eleven classrooms, a kitchen, and a 
large multi-purpose area suitable for 
fellowship meals, Communion services, 
and other large gatherings. The multi- 
purpose area will also accommodate 
various recreational activities, such as 
basketball, volleyball, exercise groups, 
children's games, etc. 

Simonson Builders of Ashland will 
serve as general contractor for the Fam- 
ily Life Center, with construction to be- 
gin as soon as all permits are granted. 
It is expected that the building will be 
completed by this fall, with an esti- 
mated cost of construction of $885,000. 

The usually Sunday morning sched- 

ule of two worship services with Sunday 
school in between was set aside on 
ground-breaking Sunday. Instead, an 
opening brief time of worship and med- 
itation led into a Concert of Prayer. This 
was followed by a celebration worship 
service, at the conclusion of which the 
congregation went outside for the actu- 
ally breaking of ground. 

Doug Cooper, who normally serves as 
worship leader for the first worship 
service, and Rev. Randy Saultz, associ- 
ate pastor of the congregation, led the 
Concert of Prayer. Various members of 
the congregation — including youth, 
seniors, and those in between — read 
scripture and offered prayers during 
this service, in addition to the times of 
corporate prayer by the congregation. 

The celebration worship service in- 
cluded three anthems by the choir un- 
der the direction of Minister of Music 

Neil Ebert. During two of these, the 
congregation joined with the choir for 
parts of the anthems. Christy Van Duyne 
sang a vocal solo (Cornerstone); and 
Susan Amstutz, Tim Hess, and Scot 
Millhouse gave a dramatic presentation 
of "Jack and the Vine." Dr. Arden Gil- 
mer, senior pastor of the congregation, 
capped the service with a message on 
"Building for Eternity." 

Dr. Charles Munson, a long-time 
member of Park Street Church and a 
retired professor at Ashland College 
and Ashland Theological Seminary, 
shared thoughts during the actual 
ground-breaking ceremony. Dr. Mun- 
son stated, "The church building you see 
here now was built because others had 
faith in the future. Now it is our turn to 
have faith in the future, and time to 
build this Family Life Center." 

Then members and friends of the con- 
gregation joined together to break 
ground by pulling a hand plow — guided 
by church moderator Jim Hess — thus 
symbolizing what can be accomplished 
when God's people work together. 

In commenting on the purpose of the 
new Family Life Center, Pastor Gilmer 
said, "I am grateful for the people in the 
Park Street Brethren congregation who 
have a vision for serving the Lord and 
our community. Our new facility will 
allow us to expand our ministry, with 
the goal of offering meaningful activi- 
ties seven days a week. . . . We plan to 
continue to be a constructive influence 
in our community. We care and want to 
be a positive influence for the Lord." 

George Snyder chaired the committee 
that met with an architectural firm to 
design plans for the Family Life Center. 
Tim Shultz is serving as chair of the 
construction committee. 

— reported by Margaret Ann Hess 

(continued from previous page) 
as captain. She is a member of the 
Garber Brethren Church in Ash- 
land. Other team members will in- 
clude Tiffany Ford from the New- 
ark Brethren Church; Heather 
Kyser from the Smithville Breth- 
ren Church; Jamie Hurley from 
the Gretna Brethren Church in Belle- 
fontaine; and Andy McGinnis from 
the Smithville Brethren Church. 
This team will serve at the Ohio 
District elementary and middler 
camps and work with vacation Bi- 
ble school at the West Alexandria 
First Brethren Church. [ft] 

Ohio District 


(left to right) 

Jamie Hurley, 

Andy McGinnis, 

Heather Kyser, 

Tiffany Ford, 


Kayleen Gibson 


May 1994 



Charles Lake and Jay Kesler Bring Messages 
At Brethren Pastoral Family Retreat in April 

Nashville, Ind. — Approximately sev- 
enty pastors, associate pastors, and other 
elders, 50 spouses, and 15 children at- 
tended the 1994 Pastoral Family Re- 
treat held February 19-21 in Indiana's 
beautiful Brown County State Park. 

The retreat featured a worship serv- 
ice led by Dr. Charles Lake, senior pas- 
tor of the Community Church of Green- 
wood, Ind., and several of his staff mem- 
bers; two messages by Dr. Jay Kesler, 
president of Taylor University, Upland, 
Ind.; a prayer session; and a concert of 
Christian music by the Singing Thomas 

The retreat also provided opportuni- 
ties for food and fellowship, as well as 
free time for recreation, sightseeing, 
and rest. Many of those attending the 
retreat spent at least part of this time 
walking the beautiful nature trails in 
the park, and most were rewarded by 

one or more sightings of white-tailed 
deer. The weather cooperated by provid- 
ing two warm sunny days. Only on the 
final morning did it rain, which many 
saw as a blessing since it made it a little 
easier to leave the serenity of the park. 

The worship service led by the Green- 
wood Community Church staff included 
special music and group singing, plus 
two dramatic presentations — a first- 
person monologue of Esther, and a skit 
about a woman who in trying to do it all 
in her church lost sight of God's grace. 
The service also included a message by 
Greenwood senior pastor Dr. Charles 
Lake, who spoke on causes of discour- 
agement in the pastorate. 

Dr. Lake set forth four causes of dis- 
couragement and described their anti- 
dotes. They were: 

( 1 ) Criticism. Antidote: seek to deter- 
mine if justified or unjustified; if justi- 

Participants in the Pastoral Family Retreat. 

fied, admit your failure and ask for for- 
giveness; if unjustified, don't defend your- 
self, for God will vindicate you; if a "gray 
area," admit that you might be wrong. 

(2) Lack of commitment by church 
people. Antidote: relate to them in a way 
that will challenge their commitment; 
also spend most of your time and effort 
with the committed, not with the un- 

(3) Periods of little "fruit." Antidote: 
take a lesson from the farm — to reap a 
harvest, you have to plow, plant, and 
cultivate. In times when there is little 
harvest, spend more time planting and 

(4) Physical and spiritual burnout. 
Antidote: Physical and spiritual exer- 
cise; don't be always giving, but spend 
time taking in. 

Dr. Lake concluded by advising those 
who are discouraged to focus not on 
their discouragement or on people or 
circumstances, but to focus instead on 
Jesus and on the power or God. 

Dr. Jay Kesler, in the first of his two 
messages, dealt with some of the great- 
est problems and needs of pastors, as 
determined by a survey conducted by 
Christianity Today. Among these were 
the expectation of perfection; time de- 
mands versus financial rewards; 
spousal and family resentment; insecu- 
rity about the future; and fear of playing 

In his second message, Dr. Kesler de- 
clared "Why I believe in the church." He 
gave five reasons: (1) because it is the 
only institution dealing with ultimate 
issues; (2) because it provides perspec- 
tive to give dignity to human beings; (3) 
because it provides a moral and ethical 
compass (absolutes) in an age of relativ- 
ism; (4) because it is a place where you 
can find community, healing, and love; 
and (5) because it has provided the mo- 
tivation for the most lasting and selfless 
acts of humanity, as people have been 

Dr. Jay Kesler (c.) chats with 
Brethren pastors Don Rowser (I.) and Bob Keplinger. 

The Singing Thomas Family 
(I. to r.) Rod, Barb, Tiffany, and Tim. 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Characters in the Wayne Heights Brethren Church living portrayal of the Last Supper are (I. to r.) Nathaniel or Bartholomew 
(John Schlegel), James the Less (Henry Woodring), Andrew (Austin Sachs), Peter (John Schildt), Judas Iscariot (Jim Nolte), 
John (Jack King), Jesus (Rev. Harold Walton), James (Rob Harner), Thomas (John Scott), Philip (Bill Barnes, Jr.), Thaddeus 
(Marvin Hahn), Matthew (T. King), and Simon the Zealot (Don Kline). 

Living Portrayal of the Last Supper Given 
On Good Friday at Wayne Heights Church 

Waynesboro, Pa. — A living portrayal 
of the Last Supper was presented on 
Good Friday, April 1, at the Wayne 
Heights Brethren Church. 

In the portrayal, the disciples and 
Jesus were frozen in the pose made fa- 
mous by Leonardo Da Vinci in his paint- 
ing of the Last Supper. This pose repre- 
sents the disciples' reaction to the words 
of Jesus, "One of you will betray me." 

As the disciples remained in that pose, 
a spotlight focused on each one in turn, 
as the story of that disciple's encounter 
with Christ was told and an account of 
the life he lived for Christ was related. 

Portraying the twelve disciples were 

John Schlegel as Nathaniel (Bartholo- 
mew); Henry Woodring as James the 
Less; Austin Sachs as Andrew; John 
Schildt as Peter; Jim Nolte as Judas 
Iscariot; Jack King as John; Rob Harner 
as James the Son of Zebedee; John Scott 
as Thomas; Bill Barnes, Jr., as Philip; 
Marvin Hahn as Thaddeus; T. King as 
Matthew; and Don Kline as Simon the 
Zealot. Rev. Harold Walton, pastor of 
the Wayne Heights Church, portrayed 

Narrators for the enactment were 
Dolores Kline and Allan Green. Kim 
Harner was in charge of lighting and 
music. Directing the presentation were 

(continued from previous page) 
moved by the compassion of Christ. Dr. 
Kesler's combination of deep insight and 
wit made him an ideal retreat speaker. 
The retreat program concluded with 
a concert of southern gospel music by 
the Singing Thomas Family. The group 
includes former Brethren pastor Rev. 
Rod Thomas, his wife Barb, and their 
two children — son Tim (20), and daugh- 
ter Tiffany (16). They sang a combina- 
tion of familiar and less familiar songs, 
including some they wrote themselves. 
They sang a cappella, with soundtracks, 
and with their own accompaniment 
(keyboard, bass guitar, and drums). 

May 1994 

Other things of note about the confer- 
ence include: the fine song-leading by 
Rev. Tom Schiefer; the not-quite-ready- 
for-Sunday-morning- worship-service 
singers (a quartet recruited on the spot 
to sing a special number); the great 
group singing; and the excellent plan- 
ning and leadership of the retreat plan- 
ning committee — Rev. Tim Garner, 
Rev. Phil Medsger, and Rev. Carl M. 
Phillips. Honorariums for the speakers 
at the retreat were covered by generous 
donations from both the Indiana Dis- 
trict and The Carpenter's Shop (the 
Brethren bookstore in Ashland, Ohio). 
— reported by Dick Winfield 

Mickey Sachs and Judy Stevens. 
Mickey Sacks also spent many hours 
preparing robes, wigs, beards, and the 
table setting for the program. The spot- 
light was loaned by the Potomac Players 
through Mike Botzan. The presentation 
was based on a number of sources, in- 
cluding the descriptions of the Twelve 
Apostles given by Louis J. Kovar in The 
Twelve Soliloques. 

"We thank the Lord for enabling us to 
complete this heart-searching presenta- 
tion," said Pastor Walton. He noted that 
the directors are hoping to repeat the 
portrayal next year. 

— reported by Pastor Harold Walton 

STAKE Gaining Momentum 
For First Phase in August 

Valrico, Fla. — Preparations for the 
STAKE (Saturation of the Target Area 
for Kingdom Extension) church-plant- 
ing effort in Orlando, Fla., are gaining 
momentum, with a good possibility that 
a number of church planters will be in 
the Orlando area in August. 

In March, three tentmaker candidates 
visited Orlando to see the area, learn 
more about the project, and check into 
housing and jobs. In all, 13 applications 
(10 lay, 3 pastoral) have been received 
from candidates for this August. 

Additional tentmakers and prayer in- 
tercessors are being sought. For more 
information, contact Rev. David Stone, 
STAKE, 130 Bloomingdale Ave. E., Val- 
rico, FL 33594. 



Tables set for the Seder (Passover) service. The center table is in the form of a cross. 

Presentation of Passover at Wabash Church 
Adds Meaning to Good Friday Observance 

Wabash, Ind. — Brethren at the 
Wabash First Brethren Church remem- 
bered the sacrifice of our Passover 
Lamb on Good Friday by being led 
through a presentation of the Jewish 
Passover or "Seder." 

The Passover service, led by Mrs. 
Beverly Jeffers, was presented with all 

its rites and rituals, along with a run- 
ning commentary by Mrs. Jeffers telling 
how the symbolism of this observance 
points to the Messiah. 

The ceremony begins with the light- 
ing of candles, symbolic of worship at 
the Old Testament Tabernacle. It con- 
tinues with elements that have both 

Youth Enact "The Champion" 
For Sunrise Service at Berlin 

Berlin, Pa. — The Easter Sunrise 
Service took a different track this year 
at the Berlin Brethren Church. 

In addition to some 
readings and a hymn, the 
Senior Youth of the 
church acted out the song 
by Carman called "The 
Champion." This song 
uses a boxing match be- 
tween Jesus and Satan, 
refereed by God and at- 
tended by angels and de- 
mons, to symbolize the 
crucifixion and resurrec- 
tion of Jesus Christ. 

Wearing black and 
white costumes, the 
youth demonstrated how 
Satan thought he had de- 
feated Jesus. Then they 
portrayed how Jesus rose 
from death and won the 
battle of the ages to be- 
come our "Champion." 


The youth were excited about the 
presentation, and those who attended 
the service were touched by the way this 
contemporary song communicates the 
truth and power of the 2000-year-old 
Easter message. 
— reported by Linda Karchner, youth director 

Participants in "The Champion'': (left side, clockwise from 
bottom) Bob Landis (Jesus), Jennifer Hay (angel), Jesse Lee 
(Jeremiah), Eric Landis (God), and Michelle Davis (Job); 
(rt. side, clockwise from bottom) Jill Philip (demon), Kim 
Custer (Satan), Matthew Glessner (Hitler), Greg Tarker 
(Capone), Seth Deem and Matt Kunkle (demons). 

historic and symbolic meaning, includ- 
ing foods and hymns. Each part of the 
ceremony is done in a specific order. In 
fact, the word "Seder" means order. The 
service ends with the partaking of the 
Bread and the Cup. 

The Passover service is both a memo- 
rial of past deliverance and a prophecy 
of the coming of the Messiah. At the end 
of the table is an empty chair and the 
"Elijah cup," a reminder of the One who 
is coming. During the ceremony, one 
person is asked to open an outer door to 
see if Elijah has indeed come. Upon 
receiving the report that he is not there, 
the phrase is recited, "Maybe next year 
in Jerusalem!" 

As Christians, we look to the second 
coming of the Lord Jesus, while the Jew- 
ish people look to the hope of Israel, 
their Messiah. Both Christian and Jew- 
ish believers are aware that our Lord 
and their Messiah will come back soon. 
— reported by Pastor Don Siders 

Life-Changing Words is Theme 
For Renewal Services at Valley 

Jones Mills, Pa. — Spiritual renewal 
was the goal of special services held 
April 10-13 at the Valley Brethren 

Rev. Fred Miller, pastor of the Mt. 
Olive Brethren Church of Pineville, Va., 
gave the messages for the services, 
speaking on "Five Words That Will 
Change Your Life Forever." The words 
were focus, trust, vision, heartburn, and 
prayer. Rev. Miller also presented mes- 
sages for children. 

Valley Pastor Bill Yoder served as 
worship leader for the services. The 
Senior Brethren Youth in Christ group 
of the church introduced each message 
during the evening services with a dra- 
matic skit. 

Approximately 35 people came to the 
altar during the services to focus on 
Jesus; to pray for someone with whom 
to share the message of salvation; to 
express a desire for God; or to gain a 
vision for the church, the pastor, church 
families, and the lost around them. Av- 
erage attendance was 80. 

"We received a blessing from the serv- 
ices and from Pastor Fred," said Valley 
member La Verne Keslar, "and we hope 
that spiritual renewal will continue in 
our daily lives and go out beyond the 
four walls of the Valley Church." 

— reported by La Verne Keslar 

The problem is not that the churches 
are filled with empty pews, but that the 
pews are filled with empty people. 

— Charlie Shedd 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Little Crusader 

Jesus said, "Let the children come to me, and do not hinder 
them; for to such belongs the kingdom of heaven" (Matt. 19:14). 

Hi boys and girls! 

How often should we pray? Should we pray only right before we eat and at bedtime? 
Or should we pray throughout the day whenever we feel like talking to God? 

I think the answer to this question can be found in the Gospel of Luke, chapter 
6, beginning with verse 12. Jesus had a very important job to do. He had to choose 
twelve men who would follow Him everywhere He went and tell people about God. 
Before He chose these men, Jesus went to a mountain to pray to His Father. The 
Bible says that He prayed all night. Jesus, who was perfect, prayed all night! 

I don't think any of us have ever come close to praying all night. But I think this 
is a good example that shows us that we can pray to God whenever we want and 
need to talk to Him. If God only wanted us to pray before meals and at bedtime, Jesus 
would have set that example for us. 

Remember, Jesus looks forward to our talking to Him. Don't forget to pray! 

Complete the Crossword Puzzle 
Across Down 

1 . Talking to God is called _. 2. When should we pray? 

4. wants us to talk to Him. 3. In the story, Jesus prayed all 

5. God hears prayers when I pray. 

5. A time we usually pray is before a 


M- l V-:-" ' - ' """ ' " ' ■ ' > ' -':-■ ; •! ' jj- ! :V- ' j i SSSS&8 



May 1994 



Larry Hanson Licensed to Brethren Ministry and 
Installed as Assistant Pastor of S. Bend Church 

South Bend, Ind. — 
D. Larry Hanson was 
installed Sunday, 
March 13, as a li- 
censed minister in the 
Brethren Church and 
as assistant pastor of 
the First Brethren 
Church of South 

The installation 
ceremony, which took 
place during the eve- 
ning worship service 
of the South Bend 
Church, was con- 
ducted by Indiana 
District Elder Gene 
Eckerley and South 
Bend Senior Pastor 
Larry Baker. A recep- 
tion for Hanson and 
his family followed in 
the fellowship hall. 

Larry Hanson was 
baptized and became a member of the 
South Bend First Brethren Church in 
May 1985. Since then he has endeav- 
ored to mature in Christ. He has served 
in various capacities in the congrega- 
tion — as bus driver, youth advisor, Sun- 
day school teacher, deacon, moderator, 
and co-coordinator of Passing On the 
Promise. He also served as mainte- 

The Larry Hanson family: (r. to I.) Larry, Cindy, and 
daughters Jolene and Charlene. 

nance director of the Brethren Retreat 
for over a year. 

In October 1992, at a denominational 
retreat on church planting, Larry re- 
sponded to a call to ministry, indicating 
that he believed that God was calling 
him to be involved in this kind of serv- 
ice. He made his call known to the South 
Bend Church, and the congregation af- 

Pastor Bill Skeldon Honored as 
Oak Hill Area "Person of Week" 

Oak Hill, W. Va. — Rev. Bill Skeldon, 
pastor of the Oak Hill First Brethren 
Church, was honored as "Plateau Per- 
son of the Week" in late March by The 
Fayette Tribune, an Oak Hill area news- 

Rev. Skeldon was so honored because 
of a ceremony he led on Palm Sunday 
this year in which married couples were 
given the opportunity to renew their 
wedding vows. 

Rev. Skeldon and his wife, Gene, had 
renewed their own wedding vows last 
summer while visiting the Holy Land. 
They did so at the site where it is be- 
lieved that Jesus turned water into 
wine at the wedding in Cana of Galilee. 
That experience was so powerful and 
meaningful for the Skeldons that they 
decided to make the opportunity for re- 
affirmation of wedding vows available 
to all in the Oak Hill area who wished 
to participate. 


An article about Rev. Skeldon and his 
selection as Plateau Person of the Week 
appeared in the March 28 edition of The 
Fayette Tribune. The article concluded 
with this paragraph: "Rev. Bill Skeldon 
embodies the Christian tenet of love of 
God, love of his Son, and love of your 
fellow man. His thoughtfulness and 
that love enabled others to share an 
extraordinary Palm Sunday yesterday. 
We salute him as Plateau Person of 
the week." 

Couples participating in the ceremony 
of reaffirmation of wedding vows were: 
David and Jennifer Bowling; Bill and 
Cissy Buskus; Charles and Kathy Can- 
terbury; Harlan and Geneva Compton; 
Gary and Amy Crouch; David and Vicki 
Fitzpatrick; Paul and Jean Fox; Mike 
and Cara Pomeroy; Fred and Suzanne 
Pennington; Max and Jenny Phillips; 
Milton and Lois Robinson; Matthew and 
Jane Skeldon (Rev. and Mrs. Skeldon's 
son and daughter-in-law); Larry and 
Tammy Thompson; and Rev. and Mrs. 

— reported by R. Rogusky 

firmed that call by first asking the Indi- 
ana Pastoral and Congregational Rela- 
tions Ministry to examine him for licen- 
sure, and then by calling him to become 
assistant pastor of the church. 

While serving the South Bend congre- 
gation on a part-time basis, Larry is 
equipping himself for further ministry 
by attending Bethel College in Mish- 
awaka, Ind., where he is pursuing a 
pastoral ministries degree. He is also em- 
ployed as an automotive machinist. 

Hanson is married to the former 
Cindy Lightfoot, and he and Cindy have 
two daughters, Jolene and Charlene. 

— reported by Pastor Larry Baker 

Dr. J.D. "Bud" Hamel Honored 
For Service to Florida Churches 

Sarasota, Fla. — Dr. J.D. "Bud" 
Hamel, pastor for 28 years of the First 
Brethren Church of Sarasota and now 
Pastor Emeritus of that congregation, 
was honored at the Florida District 
Conference in March for his service to 
the Brethren churches of the Florida 

Dr. Hamel was presented a plaque by 
the district which read: "Dr. J. D. 'Bud' 

Dr. J.D. Hamel (I.) receives the plaque 
honoring him for service to the Florida 
District churches from Florida District 
Coordinator Rev. Buck Garrett. 

Hamel, in appreciation for outstanding 
and faithful service to the Lord and to 
the Brethren Churches of Florida . . . 
Florida District of the Brethren Church, 
March 6th, 1994." 

The conference was held at the Sara- 
sota First Brethren Church, and Dr. 
Hamel was the keynote speaker. He 
spoke on the conference theme, "Look- 
ing Unto Jesus" (Hebrews 12:1-2). 

The Brethren Evangelist 



Sherry Van Duyne was named 
Christian Educator of the Year at Ash- 
land Theological Seminary this spring. 
This is an annual award made to senior 
seminary students in the field of Chris- 
tian education. Selection is made by lo- 
cal seminaries, but a certificate of rec- 
ognition is awarded by the North Amer- 
ican Association of Professors of Chris- 
tian Education to those who are selected. 
Criteria for the award include academic 
ability, leadership qualities, and prom- 
ise for further graduate work in Chris- 
tian education. Mrs. Van Duyne is grad- 
uating this month (May) from the sem- 
inary with a Master of Arts in Christian 
Education degree. She is on staff at the 
Ashland Park Street Brethren Church 
as Christian Education Coordinator. 

Brethren House Ministries of St. 
Petersburg, Fla., recently published two 
new resources. Nurturing Our Selves is 
a book to help teachers prepare them- 
selves for sharing God's message with 
their students. It includes exercises 
that provide "inward journey" experi- 
ences that can be used by individuals or 
in teachers' meetings. Worship Services 
for Children is a book of ideas for involv- 
ing children in singing, Scripture, re- 
flecting on a day's theme, litanies, offer- 
ings, and prayers. 

The Men of Mission of the First 
Brethren Church, Falls City, Nebr., 

sponsored a breakfast on Easter Sun- 
day morning, with Mike McGinnis pre- 
paring the food. More than 40 people 
attended the breakfast. Attendance at a 
gospel concert by the Messengers, a quar- 
tet from Topeka, Kans., following the 
breakfast was 75, a record attendance 
in recent years. William G. Shipman is 
serving as interim pastor of the church. 

Helen Dickson, a member of the 
Huntington, Ind., First Brethren 
Church and wife of the pastor of that 
congregation, was hospitalized in April 
for blood clots in her lungs. Her need 
was put on the Pastors' Prayer Chain as 
well as on the prayer list of the Hunt- 
ington Church. She was told by the staff 
at the hospital where she was a patient 

May 1994 

that she must have had many people 
praying for her, because that was the 
only thing she had going for her. She is 
now home, but still has a long way to go 
before she is fully recovered. She ex- 
presses her deep gratitude to all who 
have been praying for her. 

Twenty-five Brethren Youth in 
Christ (BYIC) members at the 
Bryan First Brethren Church spent 
the night of March 19 in rocking chairs 
rocking the night away to raise money 
for the Camp Shipshewana Fund. As 
they rocked, they enjoyed an evening of 
games, mystery guests (who appeared 
at all hours of the night), food, and fun. 
And by their rocking, they raised ap- 
proximately $700 for the Camp Ship- 

shewana Fund. They were helped in 
their efforts by youth advisors Randy 
and Lori Fisher, Dave and Nancy 
Schairbaum, and Larry and Tami Smith. 

Donations to World Relief of the Na- 
tional Association of Evangelicals (NAE) 
are running $550,000 short of what this 
agency needs in order to carry on its 
ministry, according to an item in a re- 
cent World Relief newsletter. Some 
critically-important ministries of World 
Relief will be affected this year if cur- 
rent giving trends continue. Brethren 
giving for World Relief has also been 
down in the past year. Brethren are 
urged to be faithful by their prayers and 
gifts in their support of the relief and 
development work of World Relief. 

Judas Tells His Story at Cheyenne Sonrise Service 

Cheyenne, Wyo. — Continuing the tradition of 
"first-person" accounts by biblical characters 
during the Easter Sonrise Service at the Chey- 
enne Brethren Church, Pastor Emery Hurd this 
year made what may have been one of his most 
difficult presentations, that of Judas Iscariot. 

Standing with his hanging noose in his hand 
and the marks of the rope on his neck, Judas told 
his tale from the gates of hell, from which the 
moans and screams (provided by the Omega 
Drama Group) of those in agony could be heard. 
Judas reflected on his time with Jesus and told 
why he had betrayed Him. 

In Memory 

Louis Ehret, 91, May 2. Member for 59 years 
and deacon for 40 years of the Elkhart First 
Brethren Church, where he had served as deacon 
board president, church treasurer, financial sec- 
retary, and benevolent secretary, as well as terms 
as president, vice president, secretary and treas- 
urer of the Laymen's Organization. He received 
the church's Senior Citizen Award in 1 984. Serv- 
ices by Pastor Timothy P. Garner. 
Helen E. Shively, 77, April 26. Miss Shively was 
a longtime member of the Ashland Park Street 
Brethren Church and served for 33 years (1954- 
87) as Litera- 
ture Secretary 
of the Nation- 
al Woman's 
Society. She 
also attended 
76 General 
her mother 
having first 
brought her 
when she was 
still an infant. 
At Park Street 
Church she 
was a member 
of the Truthseekers Sunday school class and class 
secretary for 19 years; a member of the Faith 
Woman's Missionary Society and literature sec- 
retary of that society since its beginning; a par- 

ticipant in the church Sewing Circle; and at one 
time a fifth grade Sunday school class teacher. A 
1939 graduate of Ashland College, she worked 
her entire 43-year career at the college as refer- 
ence librarian until her retirement in 1983. She 
was honored in 1978 as the Outstanding Ashland 
College Alumna and received an honorary doctor 
of letters degree from the college in 1985. Her 
funeral service was held at Park Street Church 
with Pastor Arden Gilmer and Dr. Charles Munson 
officiating. A graveside service was conducted 
by Rev. Kenneth Hunn in Nappanee, Ind. 
Lorraine Lentz, 79, March 27. Member since 
1974 of the Dayton Hillcrest Brethren Church, 
where she had sung with the choir, helped with 
the children's after-school program, and pro- 
vided scholarships. Services by Pastor Kenneth 
P. Clarkston. 

Stanford Dick, 79, March 14. Member of the 
Vinco Brethren Church. Services by Pastor Jim 


Dierdre Jones to Aaron E. Thomas, March 16, 
at the Peru First Brethren Church; Rev. James L. 
Thomas, father of the groom, officiating. Mem- 
bers of the Loree Brethren Church. 

Membership Growth 

Gretna: 2 by baptism 

New Lebanon: 4 by transfer 

Pleasant View: 1 by baptism, 1 by transfer 

Northwest Chapel: 6 by baptism, 2 by transfer 


THERE IS A RUMOR going around 

that the 

Crusader program 
has ended. 


As you can see 
from pages 11-13 of 
this issue, twenty- 
one Brethren 
young people 
will be serving 
as Crusaders 
during this summer 
of 1994. Ten will serve as 
Crusader Interns and eleven as District Crusaders. 

What we don't have this summer are the tra- 
ditional Summer Crusader teams. In fact, we are 
in the process of reviewing the entire Crusader 
program to be even more effective in the future 
in helping Brethren young people discern and re- 
spond to God's call to ministry. Your support for 
the Crusader program this month will help us in 
directing this summer's program and in planning 
for the future. 

Thank you for your prayers throughout the 
summer . . . and thank you for your financial sup- 
port this month. Send your gift to: 

The Crusader Program 
The Brethren Church, Inc. 

524 College Avenue 
Ashland, OH 44805 

_] -.£i 

H uj Z 

;— |_1 r. 

._ H-i i J ~! 
iiE ili iJ 

North .Manchester, IN 46962 

1994 General Conference Theme Logo 

Seeing God's Hand at Work 

Held in the Arms of the Shepherd 

By Esther M. Mishler 

THE DREADED NEWS was hinted at by a phone 
call I received while I was at the office working. 
An appointment with the surgeon a day later veri- 
fied that tests showed signs of breast cancer. 

Many women face this news annually. But when 
you are the one who becomes a statistic for any 
catastrophic illness, the bottom drops out of your 
world. Family and friends offered consolation and 
reassurance. In conversations we ignored the word 
cancer, and I was very naive about follow-up treat- 
ment that might be required if the surgery proved 

Prayers were offered on my behalf, and Pastor 
Don Rowser led me through some agonizing mo- 
ments with scripture and prayer. A lot of people 
told me how brave I was. Little did they realize 
that on the inside, I was fearful of the outcome. 
Somehow it was possible to appear strong, and I 
went mechanically about the business of the many 
tests and X-rays. 

On December 2, 1992, my husband drove me to 
the hospital. In my room, wearing hospital garb, I 
felt tense. My faith told me that God was looking 
out for me, but it was proving difficult to let go of 
my efforts to feel in control of this situation. 

Soon the double doors opened and a nurse accom- 
panied me into the operating room. "Lord, this is it. 
Keep me in your care." As the anesthetic took ef- 
fect, I recalled my 
favorite scripture 
from childhood — 
the 23rd Psalm. It 
seemed quite im- 
portant for me to 
concentrate on those 
words, The Lord is 
my shepherd; I 
shall not want." 
Oh, I'm slipping 

What Has God Done 
in Your Life? 

Have you seen the hand of 
God at work in your life in a 
special way? Has He done a 
wondrous thing for you? Have 
you received a particular an- 
swer to prayer? 

If so, you are encouraged to 
share your experience with 
other Brethren people through 
the pages of the Evangelist. 

Write out your experience as 
simply and as clearly as possi- 
ble, but don't worry about pro- 
ducing a polished article. (It 
will be edited as necessary.) A 
maximum of 500 words is sug- 
gested. Typewritten articles are 
preferred, but handwritten man- 
uscripts are acceptable. 

When you have completed the 
article, send it to: 

Richard Winfield, Editor 

The Brethren Evangelist 

524 College Ave. 

Ashland, OH 44805 

away. It's too late! But an impression of strength 
came to me with the words, "Yea, though I walk 
through the valley of the shadow of death, I will 
fear no evil . . . ." 

When I awoke to the loving greetings of my hus- 
band and daughters, my mind relaxed as the words 
"for thou art with me; thy rod and thy staff they 
comfort me" floated into my consciousness. Some- 
thing much greater than my expectations had 
taken place. 

The doctor explained that in addition to the mas- 
tectomy, 18 lymph nodes had been removed. The 
prognosis sounded good, even though I faced a 
series of chemotherapy and radiation treatments. 

For several months, my thinking processes didn't 
respond as they had in the past, and I tired easily. 
An early retirement proved to be a blessing in dis- 
guise. Many days I found special meaning in the 
goodness and mercy promised in Psalm 23. Being 
home gave me a peaceful recuperation. Eventually 
I felt strong enough to reach out to others in need. 

Now when faced with problems beyond my con- 
trol, I offer praise that the true meaning of the 
Shepherd's Psalm was given to me in my moment 
of crisis. I may feel helpless, but the Heavenly Fa- 
ther provides strength and serenity, and He re- 
mains in charge at all times. Hopefully, I'm able to 
reflect that loving promise daily in each encounter 
that God sends my way. [ft] 

Mrs. Mishler is a member of the Goshen, Ind., First 
Brethren Church. She indicated in a separate note that 
her treatments for cancer have been completed and that 
her prognosis is good. She added, "Since we feel that 
prayers from our church family had a lot do with these 
events, it is appropriate that I relay my experience to oth- 
ers regarding the secure feeling [I had] of being held in 
the arms of the Shepherd. Although unable to go to a 
mission field, I know that in many small ways there are 
things I can do to assist others who may be ill or in need." 


Pontius' Puddle 





1 T 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Funderburg Library 


North Manchester, IN 46962 


June 1994 
Volume 116, Number 6 

The Brethren Evangelist 

(ISSN 0747^1288) 


Richard C. Winfield 

Children's Page 

Sandi Rowsey 

Editorial and 
Business Office 

524 College Avenue 

Ashland, OH 44805-3792 

Phone: 419-289-1708 

Published: Monthly (except 
July and August issues are 
combined) by The Brethren 
Church, Inc., 524 College Ave., 
Ashland, OH 44805-3792. Au- 
thors' views are not necessarily 
those of The Brethren Church. 

Subscription Rates: One 

year, $11.50 for 100% church 
lists; $13.50 for church lists 
of five or more names; $14.50 
for individual subscriptions. 
Single-copy price, $1.50. 

Change of Address: Please 
send notice at least three 
weeks in advance. Copy old ad- 
dress from back of magazine 
and send with new address. 

Manuscript Policy: While 
some unsolicited manuscripts 
are accepted, a query letter 
sent first describing a proposed 
manuscript is preferred. In- 
clude a self-addressed, stamped 
envelope with all manuscripts. 
Suggestions and forms for re- 
porting news items are avail- 
able upon request. 

Advertising: The Evangelist 
accepts a limited amount of ad- 
vertising per issue. Rates are 
available upon request. 

Postmaster: Please send Form 
3579 to The Brethren Church, 
524 College Ave., Ashland, OH 

Second Class Postage: Paid 
at Ashland, Ohio. 

Member: Evangelical Press 


Held in the Arms of the Shepherd by Esther M. Mishler 

The writer shares how she experienced the presence and comfort of 

God when she was diagnosed with and underwent surgery for cancer. 

Ministerial Recruitment: What It's Not; What It Is; and 

Doing It by Charles Munson 
Families, pastors, and churches all have a responsibility to encourage 
persons to consider full-time church vocations. 

How to do More Than Just Talk About Prayer 

by Kenneth Hunn 

Ideas for making prayer an effective part of life within the Body of 


Getting Started on a Sweet Hour of Prayer 

Some first steps on the journey to a meaningful prayer life. 

Ten Commandments of Tightwaddery by Jeri Millhouse 
The "whys" and "hows" of achieving a more frugal lifestyle. 

The Relationship of the Old and New Testaments 

by Brenda B. Colijn 

As followers of Christ, we are faced with the practical issue of how 

much of the Old Testament applies to us, and how we apply it. 




Special Section General Conference Preview 

1994 General Conference Schedule 13 

Thomas L. Youngblood to Speak at Conference 13 

1994 National BYIC Convention 14 

Conference Registration Information 14 




12, 16, &17 

From the Grape Vine 
Children's Page 

by Sandi Rowsey 


Cover: The theme logo for this year's General Conference was designed by 
Robin Roberts, a graphic artist who is a member of Park Street Brethren 
Church in Ashland, Ohio. Special information about General Conference is 
found on pages 13, 14, and the back cover of this issue. A Conference registra- 
tion form is printed on page 15. 

Answer to the Little Crusader page: 
"Give thanks to the Lord for he is good. His love lasts forever." 

June 1994 

Ministerial Recruitment: 

What It's Not; What It Is; and Doing It. 

By Charles R. Munson 

What It's Not 

is not "calling" persons to be 
ministers. All Christian are that. 
We are all ministers in the church 
because we are all "called into the 
fellowship of His Son Jesus Christ 
our Lord" (1 Cor. 1:9). 

And we all serve (minister) for 
our Lord. It could be said, there- 
fore, that ministerial recruitment 
is urging all Christians to use their 
gifts, and that in a sense would be 
true to the term. But that is not 
what is generally meant by minis- 
terial recruitment. 

Nor is ministerial recruitment 
"calling" persons to be doctors or 
lawyers or mechanics. Every doc- 
tor, lawyer, or mechanic who re- 
pents, responds in faith, and en- 
ters the Christian fellowship is 
then a Christian doctor, lawyer, or 
mechanic. Paul, for example, was 
"called" to be an apostle, but he was 
not "called" to be a maker of tents. 
That was secondary. In 1 Corinthi- 
ans 7:22 ff., where Paul says that 
a slave is to remain in his "calling," 
it does not mean to remain a slave 
now that he has become a believer. 
Rather it means to remain faithful 
to his new-found faith in Christ. 
The Bible does not call people to 
secular employment; rather they 
regard their employment as being 
under God's guidance and for His 

What It Is 

Ministerial Recruitment is aid- 
ing persons to identify a "call" to 
preaching, missionary service, ed- 
ucational ministry, or other service 
in the church. Out of the ministry 

Dr. Munson, former professor at Ash- 
land University and Ashland Theologi- 
cal Seminary and former dean of the 
seminary, is now retired. 

which every Christian performs, 
some persons are "called" to par- 
ticular offices of ministry, believ- 
ing that this is the will of God for 
their lives. Further, those who lay 
hands for ordination upon these 
people are acting as agents of the 
church — indeed, as agents of Christ 
in His body, the church. 

Aiding a person to hear the "still, 
small voice" does not negate the 
"call"; it only makes it clearer. In 
fact, it is the duty of members of a 
congregation to help make clear to 
a person what God may be leading 
that person to become in ministry. 
Of course, this is true whatever a 
person's "gift" may be. But in the 
case of ministerial recruitment, 
it refers to those "called" to be set 
apart for service through which, 
generally, they earn their living 
from the church. 

Ministerial Emphasis Month 

June is Ministerial Emphasis month 
in The Brethren Church. During the 
month, we have a two-pronged em- 
phasis on full-time Christian service. 

First, each year the first Sunday of 
June (June 5th this year) is designated 
as "Ministerial Recruitment Sunday." 
On that day Brethren churches are 
urged to emphasize ministerial re- 
cruitment in their worship services 
and pastors are encouraged to pre- 
sent a message on some aspect of 
full-time Christian service. 

Second, June is also the month for 
emphasizing the Ministerial Student Aid 
Fund. This is a fund administered by 
a committee of the National Associa- 
tion of Brethren Church Elders. Money 
in the fund goes to Brethren college 
and seminary students who are pre- 
paring for full-time Christian service in 
The Brethren Church. The money is to 
help them with the cost of their educa- 
tion. During June, churches are asked 
to receive a special offering for this 
fund and/or to include an amount for 
this fund in their church budgets. 

Doing It 

Now, who does this helping? Cer- 
tainly the family plays a key role. 
This can and does go both ways. 
Persons can be discouraged by the 
family when the family leadership 
neglects basic Christian values in 
the home. And many families don't 
want even to think about a child of 
theirs entering a full-time Chris- 
tian vocation. "There is no money 
in it." 

On the other hand, families 
(mothers generally lead in this) 
can encourage children to think 
about God's claim on their lives for 
Christian service. Fathers are sec- 
ond in influence, some studies 
show. But overall, family influence 
and training offer the most influ- 

Other persons who play a key 
role in bringing individuals to a 
decision about the "call" are pas- 
tors. While families have tremen- 
dous powers to influence, the pas- 
tor exerts an equal or sometimes 
even greater influence upon this 
decision. Pastors who have been 
successful at recruiting have done 
so by keeping the challenge of 
church service paramount in the 
minds of the members of the con- 
gregation. Young and older need to 
hear what the world needs and 
how they can offer Christ as the 
answer to that need. 

One pastor has said, "No student 
graduates from high school who 
has not been presented with a call 
to Christian service." This pastor 
has a personal interview with each 
high school student in that per- 
son's senior year or before. Future 
leaders must be sought out and en- 
abled to "hear" and "see." This is 
what ministerial recruitment 

Likewise, the congregation 
must be an enlisting agency. Per- 

The Brethren Evangelist 

sons ought to be looking for, listen- 
ing to, and asking questions of the 
young and the older who show 
signs of leadership. There must 
also be prayer for laborers. Jesus 
said so. Ministerial recruitment 
means seeking and finding and 
praying. Or praying and seeking 
and finding. 

Local congregations cannot es- 
cape the responsibility resting on 
them to see that their people are 
made aware of the claims of Christ 

for church vocations. A church can 
have its best people if it wants 
them. Ministerial recruitment 
can help. 

So: families should have an at- 
mosphere in the home in which a 
"call" to Christian vocations is con- 
sidered before careers are sought 
in other fields. 

So: pastors ought to have a "gar- 
den" of persons who are being cul- 
tivated, helped to hear a possible 
"call" of God. The greatest waste is 

persons who have never been chal- 
lenged and who seek careers in 
secular fields first. 

So: what kind of program does 
your congregation have? Do you 
pray? Do you seek? Do you find? 
Do you at least encourage persons 
to consider church vocations? Do 
you? Say yes! "The fields are 
ready for harvest." For example: 
One billion Muslims in the world, 
one-half — five hundred million — of 
whom are under age fifteen. [ft] 

How to do More 
Than Just Talk About Prayer 

In seasons of distress and grief, 
My soul has often found relief, 
And oft escaped the tempter's snare, 
By thy return, sweet hour of prayer. 

everyone talks about the weather, 
but no one does anything about it. 
I'm sure the same could be said 
about prayer. How often do we 
only talk, teach, preach, and sing 
about prayer without doing any- 
thing about it — without actually 

The words above from the hymn 
"Sweet Hour of Prayer" have been 

By Kenneth Hunn 

sung untold thousands of times by 
millions and millions of Christians. 
But how many of us can actually 
speak from experience of the joy of 
an uninterrupted hour of speaking 
and listening to our Heavenly 

A part of the beauty of this hymn 
is that it suggests that the author 
(William W. Walford) has regu- 
larly practiced prayer. Prayer for 
him has been more than an infre- 
quent event, practiced only in times 
of crisis or of great need. Prayer, 
unlike the weather, is something we 
actually can — and must — do some- 
thing about. 

Where do you find 
yourself today in re- 
lation to the personal 
of prayer. 

effective are you not only in teach- 
ing and preaching about prayer, 
but also at modeling it and in help- 
ing those in your congregation to 
actually experience the transform- 
ing power of talking with God. 

Here are a few ideas for making 
prayer an effective part of your life 
within the Body of Christ. 

Preaching about prayer 

The obvious starting point for 
developing the prayer-life of the 
church is to make it a part of the 
preaching in the congregation. 
Pastor, if you're like me, you've 
preached every year of your minis- 
try on the topic of prayer. Perhaps 
some years you have even devoted 
an entire sermon series to the sub- 
ject of the practice of prayer in the 
life of the church family. In my 
own situation, we've determined 
that we will spend half of every 
year preaching and teaching about 
the inner life and prayer. 

People need consistent preaching 
about prayer over a period of time. 
But they also need variety. So we 

may use different terminology and 

approaches, but the central focus 
is always on developing our inward 
spiritual life, of which prayer is a 
key element. (continued, next page) 

Rev. Hunn is pastor of the First 
Brethren Church of Nappanee, Indiana. 

June 1994 

This year our themes were The 
Real You" and "Discovering Life 
From the Inside Out." Both themes 
speak creatively to issues of the 
heart or the inner life, of which 
prayer is a key element. So pastor, 
preach it, but do so creatively. And 
by all means, make sure that the 
sermon is relevant and that its 
message can be put to use in the 
believer's life immediately. 

Teaching and modeling 

Preaching is important. But so also 
is teaching. How long has it been 
since prayer was the focus of the 
teaching ministry of your Sunday 
school? I've heard many sermons on 
prayer, but little teaching on this 
subject throughout the rest of the 
church's ministry. If our goal is a 
praying church, we need to go at it 
in earnest and from all directions! 

Another key way to effectively 
develop the practice of prayer in 
the Body of Christ is through lead- 
ership and modeling. The Scrip- 
tures tell us that Jesus' disciples 
asked Jesus to teach them how to 
pray. Their request was prompted 
in part by the fact that John the 
Baptist had taught his disciples to 
pray, but it was also prompted by 

:;:;J::::::::- : ::^::^ 

Jesus' practice of prayer in His 
own life (Luke 11:1). 

In the same way today, teaching 
on prayer is most effective when 
prayer is consistently modeled in 
the classroom, the meeting room, 
and the worship service. Teachers, 
pray for your students in their 
presence, and help them to learn 
to do the same for one another. 
Pray at the beginning of your class 
session to set the tone for your 
time together. When the Holy 
Spirit breaks through during your 
lesson convincing you of His love 
and His power, stop right then and 
thank Him for who He is and for 
what He has done. Pray, too, at the 
conclusion of your class time to 
help students begin to practice 
what they have learned. 

Pastor, when you pray during 
the worship service, don't forget 
that you are praying on behalf of 
everyone. Your task is to connect 
the hearts of the members of the 
congregation with your own heart 
and with the heart of God. Work at 
this. Write out your prayers if that 
helps. Don't take this responsibil- 
ity lightly. Have the congregation 
sing a hymn or chorus before your 
prayer to prepare their hearts for 

communicating with the Father. 
Or sing following the prayer to add 
conviction to your words. Plan 
ahead for prayer, be creative, and 
teach the congregation to pray in a 
variety of worship settings. 

In other church meetings, board 
and committee chairs and group 
leaders all need to model authentic 
prayer. Forget the 20-second ritual 
at the beginning of meetings and 
spend time instead really praying 
over the agenda. And how about 
praying at the end of the meeting 
as well? That's when the real work 
begins, so the power of prayer is 
urgently needed. 

By every means possible 

Prayer groups, prayer vigils, 
prayer conferences, prayer con- 
certs, adult prayer groups, chil- 
dren's prayer time, youth prayer 
groups, men's prayer breakfasts, 
women's prayer lunches ... all are 
needed. There are many ways to 
develop prayer in the life of the 
church. But above all, pray! Per- 
haps the next time you sing that 
familiar hymn, you can sing from 
your heart out of the experience of 
knowing the sweetness of an hour 
spent in prayer! [ft] 

■.& '***\.* s * 3£C *■ '?* % ^^^S^^^^ 

Getting Started on a Sweet Hour of Prayer 

Just as a journey of a thousand miles begins with 
the first step (or more likely, with getting into the 
car), having a "sweet hour of prayer" begins with learn- 
ing to spend 10 to 15 minutes in prayer. With that in 
mind, here are some suggestions for getting started. 

• Find a quiet place and a suitable time. It's hard to talk 
with anyone when there are a lot of distractions. It's 
even harder when talking to the unseen God. So a quiet 
place is important. As to the time, someone has said 
that the best time to pray is when you are at your best. 
Morning is the "traditional" time for devotions, but if 
you are not a morning person, you might do better at 
midday, evening, or night. When you can find a quiet 
place may also determine when is a suitable time. 

• Remember that prayer is talking with God. Fancy 
language isn't required (but respect is appropriate). 
Speak naturally, as you would to a respected friend. 
You don't need any special prayer jargon to talk to 
your Father in Heaven. 

• Expect to feel awkward. Feeling awkward doesn't 
indicate a lack of faith. It is the result of lack of 
experience. Don't get discourage. You will gain con- 
fidence as you keep at it. 

• Consider praying aloud. This helps you keep your 
mind from wondering, and it also reminds you that 

you are talking with Someone, and not just "thinking." 
But if you find this too difficult, try just mouthing the 
words. And if even that doesn't work, just pray silendy. 

• Spend time listening. Ask God to guide your think- 
ing, and then allow Him to bring thoughts to your 
mind. Remember, however, to check these leadings 
with common sense, Scripture, and in some cases with 
trusted Christian friends. 

• Start a prayer notebook. Write down your requests 
and God's answers. These will be a source of encour- 
agement as you look back and see how you have 
grown in your prayer life and the exciting ways in 
which God has answered your prayers. 

• Find a prayer partner. This is someone to whom you 
will be accountable and who will help you stick to your 
prayer program. 

• Just do it. Make a commitment with yourself and with 
God to begin praying daily. Even you can be a man or 
woman of prayer. But don't put it off until next week 
or next month. Chances are you will never get to it. 

— Editor Dick Winfield 

A number of the above ideas came from a newsletter 
article written some years ago by Rev. Roger Stogsdill, 
who is now pastor of the Northgate Community Breth- 
ren Church in Manteca, Calif. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

IN THE PAST, being called 
a tightwad was an insult. 
The term conjured up im- 
ages of a miserly old man, 
unwilling to part with any 
of his money for the good 
of others or even to benefit 

Now, however, tightwad- 
dery has come of age! It has 
become a curious mix of science and 
sport — a strategic contest with one- 
self to become the best one can be 
at bargain hunting and recycling in 
order to preserve both the family and 
the earth. And for Christians, it has 
become a means to accomplish things 
of eternal value. 

I was a tightwad long before tight- 
waddery was chic. My tightwaddery 
was born out of necessity, and I re- 
member the days of feeling deprived 
as I grudgingly pinched another 
penny until it screamed. 

But now, as a wife, homemaker, 
and mother of two small children, I 
have gained a new perspective. For 
me, tightwaddery truly has been trans- 
formed from drudgery into sport. It 
is no longer something I must do; it 
is something I choose to enjoy doing 
in order to meet my goals and main- 
tain my priorities. 

There are days, though, when I feel 
like an alien. After my last trip to a 
nearby mall, I became depressed and 
felt that I never wanted to go to a 
mall again as long as I lived. I wasn't 
depressed because I couldn't buy any- 

Mrs. Millhouse is a member of the 
Ashland Park Street Brethren Church. 
She works part time as a legal secre- 
tary and operates a Melaleuca business 
(household, nutritional, and personal- 
care products) out of her home. Her 
husband, Scot, is a carpenter for Ash- 
land University. They have two sons, 
Tyler (6) and Preston (3). 

June 1994 


Wv Jen JiliUfjoitfe 

thing; rather, I was dismayed to think 
that so many people would actually 
consider paying $80 for a sweater 
"on clearance." 

Why has materialism captured the 
hearts of so many people. I believe 
God's word is clear that what we own 
is not a measure of who we are. And 
God clearly states where our affec- 
tions should lie. In Matthew 6:19- 
21* we read: 

Do not store up for yourselves treas- 
ures on earth, where moth and rust 
destroy, and where thieves break in 
and steal. But store up for yourselves 
treasures in heaven, where moth and 
rust do not destroy, and where 
thieves do not break in and steal. 
For where your treasure is, there 
your heart will be also. 

Colossians 3:1-3 adds: 

Since, then, you have been raised 
with Christ, set your hearts on things 
above, where Christ is seated at the 
right hand of God. Set your minds 
on things above, not on earthly things. 
For you died, and your life is now 
hidden with Christ in God. 

And in Proverbs 4:23, we are ad- 

Above all else, guard your heart, 
for it is the wellspring of life. 

I am sure that my desires, prior- 
ities, and goals differ from those of 
many who will read this. It is not my 
intent to be judgmental of anyone 
and of the choices they are making 

*Quotations from the Bible are from the 
New International Version. 

regarding their lifestyle. It is 
my intent, however, to chal- 
lenge each reader to sincere- 
ly ask God to place desires 
within you that reflect "the 
mind of Christ" (see 1 Cor. 

Many times having the 
mind of Christ will look 
pretty "peculiar" to unbeliev- 
ers (see Titus 2:11-14). Personally, I 
have been criticized many times for 
some of my lifestyle choices. But I 
know that the sacrifices I have made 
reflect the mind of Christ for me, 
and I am thankful that God has in- 
spired my tightwaddery as a means 
of maintaining these priorities. 

Having set forth the "whys" of my 
tightwaddery, let's move on to the 
"hows." I must give credit at this point 
to a woman who truly has been an 
inspiration to me. He name is Amy 
Dacyczyn, and she has written a book 
entided The Tightwad Gazette (Villard 
Books, 1992), which I highly recom- 
mend. She also compiles a monthly 
newsletter by the same name, which 
can be obtained by sending your name, 
address, and $12 to The Tightwad Ga- 
zette, R.R. 1, Box 3570, Leeds, ME 

1. QTjou gJjalt practice goob 
ti'gfjttoab etjjtctf. 

Let's first establish what tightwad- 
dery is not. 

A. People who snitch from restau- 
rants are not tightwads — they are 
snitches. They take anything from 
sugar packets to napkins because 
they think they "paid for it." And 
they usually leave a lousy tip. 
Instead, tightwads save money by 
ordering water instead of soft drinks, 
by eating out at lunch rather than 
for dinner, by eating half their meal 
and bringing home half for the next 
day's lunch. And they tip generously, 

based on the quality of service re- 

B. People who save everything because 
they "might need it someday" are 
not tightwads. They are pack rats! 

My personal experience tells me 
that pack-ratism is an inherited con- 
dition. It takes hard work to break 
the habit. But we must force our- 
selves to get rid of things that clutter 
our homes and litter our lives. A good 
rule of thumb is to get rid of any- 
thing you haven't used in one or two 
years (including those size 5 dresses, 
high school athletic clothes, broken 
appliances, unfinished crafts, and that 
cupboard full of margarine tubs). 

C. People who pinch pennies to the 
detriment of others are not tight- 
wads. They are Scrooges. 

I think the Golden Rule applies here. 
This means that frugality must not 
put an end to family fun. Having fun 
is much less expensive than divorce 
proceedings or counseling for trou- 
bled children. It is also important to 
take measures to prevent children 
from feeling deprived. Make tightwad- 
dery fun for them. My children adore 
garage sales because I occasionally 
give them a quarter or so to buy a 
treasure. They are also learning that 
they will not die if they do not have 

2. tKfjou tffjalt betermine 
priorities? anb tfet goate. 

It is important that goals be prayer- 
fully determined and then written 
down. Perhaps you want to build a 
house or become debt-free or give 
more to missions. Be as specific as 
possible in terms of how much money 
will be needed and the date each goal 
will be accomplished. 

Next, you need a plan to reach your 
goal. It is important that your strat- 
egies be in line with your priorities. 


Try to strike a balance by asking the 

1. What do I need to be doing now 
to reach this goal? 

2. What am I willing to sacrifice to 

maintain quality family relation- 

For example, you may want to pay 
off your mortgage in ten years in- 
stead of 20, but you would have to 
give up all family vacations to do so. 
Opting to pay off the mortgage in 15 
years might be more in keeping with 
your priority of having family fun 
and togetherness. 

The final (and most painful!) step 
in this process is to keep a written 
budget. To start, it is a good idea to 
write down all expenditures, no mat- 
ter how small, in order to find out 
exacdy where your money is going 
and where cuts can be made. For 
two-income families, this is also a 
good time to ascertain how much in- 
come a second income is really gen- 
erating once you consider taxes, 
child care, convenience foods, trans- 
portation, wardrobe, etc. Also, try 
brainstorming a list of "Things we 
could do to save money if one of us 
did not work outside the home or 
worked outside the home less." You 
may find that the value of that sec- 
ond income is actually much less 
than you thought. 

3. tEtyou sfyalt tftritoe netoer to 
pap full price (or anting. 

For grocery shopping, I have come 
to the conclusion that it is absolutely 
necessary to shop at more than one 
store in order to maximize savings. 
Comparison shopping saves me sev- 
eral hundred dollars per year. Try 
listing 20 or 30 of your most com- 
monly used grocery items. Then go 
to two or three stores and write down 
prices for each item. In time, you 

will become familiar enough with the 
prices in the various stores that you 
will know what things to buy at each 

When it comes to clothes shopping, 
buying at garage sales wins hands 
down! But you need to pay close at- 
tention to garage sale ads. Look for 
words like "multi-family," "name 
brands," and "designer"; and take 
note of the location. And remember, 
if you snooze, you lose! Don't leave 
your house at noon and go to 20 
garage sales and find junk. Leave at 
7:30 a.m., go to three or four garage 
sales in good locations, and come 
home with treasures. 

Thrift shops are also good sources 
for quality clothing, but expect to 
pay more than you would at a garage 
sale. Clearance sales can be good, 
but you must be able to think a year 
ahead and to avoid the temptation 
to buy "trendy" styles. 

Another key tightwad concept is 
what I call "networking" — establish- 
ing communication between a circle 
of friends and acquaintances so that 
each knows who has needs and who 
has surplus. We have become so in- 
dependent and transient that we have 
gotten far away from the days of 
"having everything in common" (Acts 
2:44, 45). At Park Street Church, we 
started a "Gleaning Board" — a bulle- 
tin board with columns marked "I 
have . . ." and "I need . ..." I have 
experienced that when I am willing 
to give to others, God blesses me 
through others when I have needs 
(Luke 6:38). 

Regarding prescription needs, con- 
sider generics when available. Also 
check with your pharmacist to see if 
your medication is less expensive when 
purchased in a greater quantity or in 
a higher milligram tablet that can be 
split in half. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

4. tlCTjou tfbalt bup tying* before 
pou really neeb tfjem. 

This sounds like a contradiction to 
tightwaddery. But the point is, if you 
find something in good shape at a 
great price and you know you will 
need it in the next year or two, go 
ahead and buy it. Obviously, ade- 
quate storage and good organization 
are a must in order for you to find 
the item when you need it. 

Gradually work with your grocery 
budget until you have the financial 
flexibility to buy in bulk. Concen- 
trated cleaning products can save 
you a bundle. Why pay for water you 
can get out of your own faucet? 

5. tKJjou tffjalt become a culinary 

Be persistent and creative in using 
up leftovers. Consider using half the 
amount of meat called for in casse- 
role recipes. You'll be cutting the fat 
and the cost. Have a designated 
freezer container for leftovers that 
could be used as soup ingredients. 
When it's full, make soup! 

I find that making up a menu for 
the entire month reduces impulse 
grocery shopping and eating out. It 
is also a wise use of time and energy 
to cook large quantities of meat and 
to double casserole recipes. Put the 
extra in the freezer immediately for 
easy meals on hectic days. 

6. tEfjou gfjalt remember tfjat 
little expenditure* abb up 

A few simple examples will suffice. 
A can of pop or cup of coffee per 

5 x 60£ x 50 weeks = $150. 

Cost of eating out vs. packing a lunch: 

5 x $3.50 x 50 weeks = $875 


5 x $1.25 x 50 weeks = $312.50. 

Savings per year = $562.50 
Are you really reading your daily 
newspaper? Do you need a news- 
paper (most of which include TV 
listings) and a TV Guide} Can you 
share a magazine subscription with a 
friend or read the magazine at the 
library. What about cable television 
and extras like HBO? 

June 1994 

7. TOjou tfbalt take tfteptf to tfcale 
boton Cljrtetmatf tfpenbing. 

Do you remember a Christmas 
when you went a bit overboard? Your 
children turned into little green-eyed 
monsters, and it took six months to 
pay off the credit card bills. Take steps 
to scale down. You can find wonder- 
ful presents at garage sales. 

Consider giving each child only 
three gifts, and tie these in with the 
three gifts presented to the Christ- 
child. Discuss openly and honesdy 
with friends and family your need to 
scale down. Don't feel pressured to 
reciprocate dollar for dollar. Plan 
way ahead to avoid impulse spend- 
ing. (I start my Christmas shopping 
on December 26.) And homemade 
gifts are treasures! 

8. Cbou tfbalt maintain optimal 

With ever-increasing medical costs, 
NOW is the time to consider well- 
ness. In an age of fast living and fast 
food, it seems we have neglected pre- 
serving our "temples" (1 Cor. 6:19- 

There are several important keys 
to wellness: maintaining optimal 
weight; adopting a low-fat, high-fiber 
diet; reducing stress; getting regular 
exercise through aerobic and strength 
training; having regular checkups and 
good prenatal care. And my research 
indicates that vitamins are the cheap- 
est "insurance" you can buy. 

9. tEjjou tfbalt become financially 
to tee. 

If your spouse died tomorrow, 
would you know your financial as- 
sets and liabilities? If you are single 
and finances are not your strength, 
could someone in your church teach 
and advise you? Learn about invest- 
ments. Consider refinancing a mort- 
gage when interest rates drop. And 
if credit cards are creating havoc in 
your home, 
invest in 


Learn to dicker with sales people. 
Don't appear to be too impressed or 
too eager. Always remember, if you 
don't need it, you've paid too much 
whatever the price. Beware of sales 
tactics that are designed to make you 
feel guilty or fearful. Practice "de- 
layed gratification," and teach your 
children to do the same. 

10. tEljou tfjjalt remember ^im 
from tojjom tbp ble&Singtf 

My husband, Scot, and I have al- 
ways recognized the importance of 
giving tithes and offerings, and I be- 
lieve that God has blessed us as He 
promised (see Malachi 3:8-10). At a 
particularly difficult time in our lives 
financially, I kept a blessing calen- 
dar. By faith, I was asking God to 
meet our financial needs, and I 
wrote down every fi- 
nancial blessing that He 
sent our way, no matter 
how large or small. 
How faith-building it 
was to look back at that 
calendar after God 
brought us through 
that trying time! 

And in closing, I chal- 
lenge you to put on an 
attitude of gratitude, 
"always giving thanks to 
God the Father for every- 
thing" (Eph. 5:20). For 
He is faithful and wor- 
thy of our praise! [ft] 

the Bible 

Scripture one Bible consisting of 
Old and New Testaments. We have 
not always agreed, however, about 
how those testaments relate to one 
another. This question affects how 
we interpret individual passages. It 
also affects how we compare passages 
with one another, especially when the 
Old and New Testaments seem to 
differ. It determines what we decide 
about certain issues. For example, 
how much of the Old Testament law 
applies to Christians? How much 
should apply to society at large? 

Marcion, the second-century her- 
etic, thought that the Old and New 
Testaments were in opposition to one 
another. He believed that the Old 
Testament was not the product of the 
Christian God. He created his own 
Bible by throwing out the entire Old 
Testament and all the New Testament 
documents except for the letters of 
Paul and a shortened version of Luke. 
In response to Marcion, the church 
affirmed the whole Bible as its book, 
both the Old Testament and the doc- 
uments that would become the New 

Two contrasting views 

Since that time, Christians have de- 
veloped several ways to express the 
relationship between the testaments. 
The Reformed tradition has empha- 
sized the continuity between them. 
They express God's dealings with hu- 
man beings in terms of a continuing 
covenant or series of covenants. The 
Christian Reconstruction movement, 

Dr. Colijn is a member of the Smoky 
Row Brethren Church in Worthington, 
Ohio. She chairs The Brethren Church's 
Committee on Doctrine, Research, and 
Publication, which is preparing this 
series of articles. 


The Relationship of the 
Old and New Testaments 

By Brenda B. Colijn 

an outgrowth of the Reformed tradi- 
tion, emphasizes continuity to the ex- 
treme. Reconstructionists believe that 
Old Testament law applies as direcdy 
to Christians as to ancient Israel, and 
that it should serve as the basis for 
modern society as a whole. 

Dispensationalists, by contrast, have 
emphasized the discontinuity between 
Old and New Testaments, because 
they believe that God has quite sep- 
arate plans for Israel and the church. 
Lutherans make a sharp distinction 
between law (God's requirements) and 
gospel (God's grace), although they 
usually see law and gospel in both 
testaments. Anabaptists and Brethren 
have expressed the relationship be- 
tween the testaments as one of prom- 
ise and fulfillment, with Christ pro- 
viding the key to understanding both. 

Continuity and discontinuity 

The Bible itself shows both con- 
tinuity and discontinuity. The New 
Testament writers consider the Old 
Testament to be inspired and author- 
itative. When Paul asserts the inspira- 
tion of Scripture in 2 Timothy 3:16, 
he is thinking primarily of the Old Tes- 
tament, the Bible of the early church. 
Similarly, when Jesus says that Scrip- 
ture cannot be broken, He means the 
Old Testament (John 10:35). 

Yet the New Testament recognizes 
that something decisive has hap- 
pened in salvation history since the 
Hebrew Scriptures were given — 
namely, the coming of Christ. This 
event has changed the status of the 
Hebrew Scriptures, so that Christians 
now call them the Old Testament. 
Jesus has instituted a new covenant 
and has sealed it with His blood, 
poured out in sacrifice (Luke 22:20; 
1 Cor. 11:25). The book of Hebrews 
is clear that this new covenant is 
superior to the old because it has a 
better mediator (Christ) and is based 
on better promises (7:22; 8:6). The 

old covenant was a preparation for it 
and has now been superseded (8:7-13). 
Jesus is the climax of God's self- 
revelation: "In the past God spoke to 
our forefathers through the prophets 
at many times and in various ways, 
but in these last days he has spoken 
to us by his Son, whom he appointed 
heir of all things, and through whom 
he made the universe" (Heb. 1:1-2; 
NIV). He is the fulfillment of all God's 
promises (2 Cor. 1:20) and the culmi- 
nation of all God's plans (Eph. 1:9-10). 

A Christ-centered approach 

Because of His pre-eminence, Jesus 
must be central to our understanding 
of both testaments. The New Testa- 
ment writers show Jesus as the fulfill- 
ment of prophecy (Mt. 1:22-23; 2:15, 
17-18; Acts 2:30-33; 1 Cor. 15:3-8; 
1 Pet. 1:10-12; 2 Pet. 1:19). Jesus Him- 
self said that He had come to fulfill 
both the law and the prophets (Mt. 
5:17). He taught that all the Old Tes- 
tament points to Him (John 5:39^10; 
Luke 24:27, 44). 

Furthermore, Jesus claimed to have 
the authority to reinterpret the Old 
Testament: "You have heard it said . . . 
but I say to you" (Mt. 5:21-22, etc.). 
He told the Pharisees that Moses' in- 
structions on divorce were an allow- 
ance for the hardness of human hearts 
— suggesting that God's word in the 
Old Testament sometimes met peo- 
ple where they were rather than giv- 
ing universal principles (Mt. 19:8). 
But Jesus expressed those universal 
principles, sometimes by going back 
to God's original intention (such as 
for marriage; Mt. 19:4-9) and some- 
times by setting a new standard (such 
as Jesus' command to love as He has 
loved us; John 13:34-35). To under- 
stand the relationship between the 
testaments, we should take our cue 
from Jesus. 

A Christ-centered approach to 
Scripture does not mean reading all 

The Brethren Evangelist 

of the Old Testament as prophecies 
of Christ or seeing types of Christ in 
all the details of the Old Testament. 
We should understand Old Testa- 
ment passages in their own historical 
contexts before relating them to the 
New Testament. 

Jesus is the key 

This approach does mean that since 
Jesus Christ is the culmination of sal- 
vation history, the fulfillment of Old 
Testament messianic prophecy, the 
final and complete revelation of God, 
the foundation of the people of God, 
and the supreme interpreter of God's 
intentions, He is the key to under- 
standing the Bible as a whole. Thus, 
for Christians, the authority of the Old 
Testament is mediated through Christ. 

The early Brethren used both Old 
and New Testaments, but they gave 
final authority to the New because it 
contained the instructions of their 
Lord. Alexander Mack summarized 
the gospel as follows: "Jesus Christ, 
the King of kings and Lord of lords, 
desired that we do what we are do- 
ing — that the sinner shall repent and 
believe in the Lord Jesus and should 
be baptized in water upon his confes- 
sion of faith. He should then seek to 
carry out everything Jesus has com- 
manded and publicly bequeathed in 
His Testament." Mack believed that 
the New Testament was the outward 
form of the law of the new covenant 
which the Holy Spirit had written on 
believers' hearts. 

Mack and the other early Brethren 
still used the Old Testament when- 
ever it spoke to an issue, especially as 
a source of moral instruction and as a 
pointer to Christ. Sometimes in this 
latter use they failed to give enough 
attention to the original historical con- 
text. But this failing was common to 
all Christian groups at that time. 

Correspondence Welcomed 

The members of the General Con- 
ference Executive Council's Commit- 
tee on Doctrine, Research, and Pub- 
lication invite readers to suggest topics 
or Bible passages to discuss in future 
articles In this column. Send ques- 
tions, comments, or suggestions to 
the committee in care of The Breth- 
ren Evangelist, 524 College Ave., 
Ashland, OH 44805. 

More recendy, some have felt that 
the Brethren motto ("The Bible, the 
whole Bible, and nothing but the Bi- 
ble") and the popular Brethren slo- 
gan "No creed but the New Testa- 
ment" say contradictory things about 
the relationship between the testa- 
ments. Neither slogan, however, really 
addresses that issue at all. Both were 
intended to emphasize that Scripture 
itself (not human reason, decisions, 
cultures, or creeds) is the final source 
of authority for the Brethren. 

For Brethren today, as for Chris- 
tians in general, the practical issue is 
how much of the Old Testament ap- 
plies to us — and how do we apply it? 
One common approach is to say that 
everything in the Old Testament is 
binding on Christians unless the New 
Testament says it isn't. The other com- 
mon approach is to say that nothing 
in the Old Testament is binding on 
Christians unless the New Testament 
says it is. 

A balanced approach 

I would suggest a balanced approach 
that recognizes both the inspiration 
of the Old Testament and the centrality 
of Christ. Such an approach would 
acknowledge what has changed be- 
cause of Christ. 

Because of Christ, nothing in the 
Old Testament is binding on us as 
law. Those commandments regulated 
the covenant between God and an- 
cient Israel. We are under a new cov- 
enant (Luke 22:20; 1 Cor. 11:25). We 
are free from the law (Gal. 3:25; 5:1) 
because we are not under law but un- 
der grace (Rom. 6:14). The early church 
affirmed that Gentiles do not have to 
keep the Old Testament law in order 
to be Christians (Acts 15:1-29). 

Jesus Himself specifically affirmed 
some of the Old Testament command- 
ments, such as the two greatest com- 
mandments, love of God and love of 
neighbor (Mt. 22:34^10). He strength- 
ened others, such as the command- 
ments against murder and adultery 
(Ml 5:21-30). He abolished some, such 
as the laws of clean and unclean foods 
(Mark 7:19). Furthermore, His death 
on the cross, as a perfect and final 
sacrifice, did away with the need for 
the Old Testament sacrificial system 
(Heb. 9:23— 10:18). 

In trying to apply an Old Testa- 

June 1994 

ment passage or command, we should 
ask in what way it applies to us in 
Christ. Has Jesus abolished it, affirmed 
it, strengthened it, applied it in a new 
way? Have the New Testament writers 
told us how we should understand it 
in light of the coming of Christ? 
Where we have no specific guidance 
on this point, we should try to under- 
stand the passage in the context of 
the whole of Jesus' message, under 
the guidance of the Holy Spirit. 

A balanced approach' would also 
acknowledge that the Old Testament 
is still inspired Scripture. Even though 
it does not apply to us as law, we can 
still learn a great deal from it. In 
2 Timothy 3:16-17, Paul specifically 
tells us how to use the Old Testa- 
ment: "All Scripture is God-breathed 
and is useful for teaching, rebuking, 
correcting and training in righteous- 
ness, so that the man of God may be 
thoroughly equipped for every good 
work." Elsewhere, he says that it is 
written to teach us, in order to give 
us encouragement (Rom. 15:4) and 
to warn us against sinful behavior 
(1 Cor. 10:11). 

The Old Testament is the record of 
God's words and deeds in history, the 
story of His relationship with His peo- 
ple and of His gracious plans for the 
world. God's character and purposes 
have not changed. The Old Testament 
can therefore teach us about God and 
about human nature, and show us 
how God deals with His people and 
with the world. It can also awaken us 
to our heritage as spiritual children 
of Abraham (Gal. 3:6-9), give us mod- 
els of relating to God, provide moral 
guidance, and show us God's gracious 
preparation for salvation in Christ. 

Two acts in a drama 

Old and New Testaments represent 
two acts in the unfolding drama of 
God's self-revelation to humanity. They 
have an organic relationship. As C.F. 
Yoder, missionary, scholar, and Evan- 
gelist editor, observed in 1905, "[the] 
New Testament is enfolded in the 
Old as a flower is enfolded in a bud." 

When we read and teach from the 
Bible, let us not, like Marcion, ignore 
or depreciate the Old Testament. But 
let us remember to give Jesus Christ 
His due as the Lord of Scripture, as 
well as of our lives. [ih] 




Rodeo Round-Up Sunday and Friend Day Are 
"Hot" Events at Tucson First Brethren Church 

Tucson, Ariz. — While much of the 
country was buried in ice and snow and 
experiencing arctic-like temperatures 
during the winter of 1994, two very 
"hot" events were taking place at the 
First Brethren Church of Tucson. 

February 27 was "Rodeo Round-Up 
Sunday" at the Tuc- 
son Church, in con- 
junction with Tuc- 
son's week-long cele- 
bration of "La Fiesta 
De Los Vaqueros" 
(rodeo days). West- 
ern clothes were the 
fashion of the day, as 
members and guests 
assembled for a west- 
ern-style worship 
service. Tucson Pas- 
tor Bill Brady, wear- 
ing his new bolo 
string tie, spoke on 
"what we need 
around here," chal- 
lenging the congre- 
gation to make the 
church a place of ex- 
citement, caring, and 
reaching out. The 
Brethren had already begun doing so, as 
evidenced by an attendance of 106, six 
more than the goal of 100 set for the day. 

Following the service, the Brethren 
enjoyed an old-fashioned western bar-b- 
que in the church courtyard. While the 
fellowship around the tables was the 
highlight of this event, many of the adults 
also enjoyed playing horseshoes or pan- 
ning for gold. Others just tried to escape 
the near-90-degree "winter" weather. 
The children amused themselves by 
taking horse rides in the church parking 
lot or panning for gold, and by just gen- 
erally having a great time. 

The planners for this special event 
were committee members Tim Cook, Ed 
Lane, Kristen Cook, and Mary Stamper, 
chaired by Lyle and Candy Dreyer. 

The next "hot" event on the Tucson 
Church schedule was Friend Month in 
April, culminating in Friend Day — with 
an attendance goal of 125 — on the last 
Sunday of the month. In preparation for 
this special day, the church family de- 
veloped a Friend Day prayer chain. The 
chain consisted of links of church mem- 
bers who pledged to be present for 
Friend Day. Added to these were other 
links — people for whom the original 


links were praying that they too would 
be present on April 24. Eventually 206 
links were added to the chain. 

Leading up to Friend Day, April 10 
was observed as "Joggin' Shoe Sunday," 
when each of the church members was 
asked to wear jogging shoes to Sunday 

special music during the worship hour. 
The children worked hard and had a 
good crowd, including eleven guests. 
The adults, however, had an even bigger 
crowed (though not as many guests), so 
won the competition. 

As a result the worship hour featured 
special music by the children, plus ad- 
ditional music by guest musician Holli 
Schafe from Gilbert, Ariz., and by 
Lynne Brady and son Bill. The service 
also included a time of introduction of 

The crowd of 126 who attended the Tucson Church on Friend Day surpassed the goal for the day of 125. 

services, symbolizing the fact that the 
congregation was "off and running" to- 
ward Friend Day. Special recognition 
was given to those who had the newest, 
oldest, most expensive, and cheapest jog- 
ging shoes, as well as to those who went 
out and bought a pair just for that day. 

On the following Sunday, April 17, 
Rev. Russ Gordon, Director of U.S. Min- 
istries and Church Growth for The 
Brethren Church, was the featured 
speaker. He brought a message from the 
Book of Jonah challenging the Tucson 
Brethren to adopt God's priority of 
reaching the lost. 

The day also featured a visit from 
Blueford and Marthenia (Scott and 
Gwen McKinney). Blueford was looking 
for a guest to invite for Friend Day and 
was calling everyone in the phone book. 
He had worked his way down the list- 
ings to Bill Brady, but Marthenia felt he 
was probably too shiftless to come. 

Finally, the much-anticipated day ar- 
rived! Friend Day began with a fellow- 
ship continental breakfast and Sunday 
school. The Sunday school hour fea- 
tured a Kids versus Adults contest to 
see which group had the most in attend- 
ance. The losing group had to provide 

the many guests present, and Pastor 
Brady's message, "Why Invite My 
Friends to Church?" But the highlight of 
the hour was the 126 people present, 
thus surpassing the goal for the day. 

"Our Lord has challenged us to reach 
the lost of Tucson," says Pastor Brady. 
"We are blessed with a beautiful city, a 
great location, and the mandate of our 
Savior. The heat is on to do the job that 
Christ has called us to do." 

The planning committee for the 
Friend Day emphasis included Rev. Bill 
and Fran Curtis, Gordon and Mary 
Roberts, Ina Williams, Doris Stogsdill, 
Flora Foreman, Pastor Bill and Lynne 
Brady, and co-chairs Jim and Ellen 
Fisher. In addition to the special Sun- 
days during Friend Month, each week 
during the month had a special empha- 
sis. April 3-10 was "Drop a Card Week" 
(send a card to a friend and encourage 
that friend to come to church); April 
10-16 was "Make a Call Week" (call that 
friend and invite him or her to church); 
April 17-23 was "Make a Visit Week" 
(visit that friend); and April 24-30 was 
"Thank You Time" (thank that friend for 

— reported by Pastor Bill Brady 

The Brethren Evangelist 

General Conference Preview 

1994 General Conference Schedule 

Theme: "Called to Declare" (1 Peter 2:9) 

August 8-12, at Ashland University, Ashland, Ohio 

Monday, August 8 

6:30 p.m. — Opening Celebration featuring ad- 
dress by Moderator Russell Gordon 
8:30 p.m. — Fellowship and refreshments 

Tuesday, August 9 

8:30 a.m. — Devotional/Corporate Prayer 

9:00 a.m. — Business Session 
12:00 noon — World Relief Soup Luncheon 
(reservation required) 

1:30 p.m. — Auxiliary Sessions (WMS, BMOM, 

7:00 p.m. — Worship, featuring Seeker- 
Sensitive Service, and speaker 
Tom Youngblood 

Wednesday, August 10 

7:00 a.m. — Pastors' Wives Fellowship/ 

Continental Breakfast 

(reservation required) 
8:30 a.m. — Devotional/Corporate Prayer 
9:00 a.m. — All-Conference Outreach Seminar 

led by Tom Youngblood, Part I 

1:30 p.m. — All-Conference Outreach Seminar 
led by Tom Youngblood, Part II 

7:00 p.m. — Worship, featuring Concert of 

Prayer led by Ashland Theological 

9:00 p.m. — Crusader Review 

Thursday, August 11 

8:30 a.m. — Devotional/Corporate Prayer 
9:00 a.m. — Business Session 
12:00 noon — Women's Luncheon (reservation 

12:00 noon — Men's Picnic (reservation required) 
2:30 p.m. — Auxiliary Sessions 
5:00 p.m. — Missionary Board Banquet 

(reservation required) 
7:15 p.m. — Missionary Board Program 

Friday, August 12 

8:30 a.m. — Devotional/Corporate Prayer 
9:00 a.m. — Business Session 
10:45 a.m. — Challenge by new Moderator 
Reilly Smith 

Thomas L Youngblood to Speak at Conference 

Thomas L. Youngblood, Director of U.S. Minis- 
tries for International Bible Society, will be the fea- 
tured speaker at the evening worship service on 
Tuesday evening of General Conference. He will 
also lead an all-Conference outreach seminar on 
Wednesday morning and afternoon. 

Youngblood has been with the International 
Bible Society (IBS), headquartered in Colorado 
Springs, Colorado, since 1986, when he joined the 
society to develop its "Love Your Neighbor to Life" 
seminar. He later became Director of U.S. Minis- 
tries for IBS. Other parts of the U.S. Ministries 
department include Scripture grants, ministry fo- 
rums (such as the Church Planters Forum) evan- 
gelism initiatives, and the New York Bible Society. 

Before joining IBS, Youngblood worked with 
Gospel Light Publications for seven years, and 
prior to that he was on the pastoral staff of a 
church in New York City for seven years. He has a 
B.S. degree from Philadelphia College of the Bible, 
an M.A. degree from Wheaton College, and is cur- 
rently finishing work on an Ed.D. degree. 

In addition to his responsibilities with IBS, he 
serves on the Board of Directors for The Family 
Inn, a Colorado Springs ministry to homeless and 
hurting families, and he serves on the executive 
committee of the Colorado Springs Leadership 

Prayer Breakfast. 
He is a member of 
Woodmen Valley 
Chapel, where he 
has taught adult 
Sunday school 

The "Love 

Your Neighbor to 
Life" seminar, 
which Youngblood 
will be presenting 
at Conference, is 
an approach to 
friendship evan- 
gelism. The sem- 
inar has become 
an integral part of 
the ministry of 
IBS in the U S Thomas L. Youngblood 

Nearly 30,000 people have attended the seminar 
since its inception. It has recently been translated 
into Spanish, and is receiving high marks in both 
the U.S. and Latin America. 

Brethren attending Conference should attend 
both the morning and afternoon sessions of the 
seminar to receive the full benefit of the training. 

June 1994 


General Conference Preview 

1994 National BYIC Convention 

Theme: Lighten the Darkness (2 Cor. 4:5-7) 
August 8-12 at Ashland University 

The National BYIC Convention will be held on the 
Ashland University campus again this year. Though 
on the same campus, the Youth Convention will be 
independent of the adult Conference. 

The Youth will have their own worship services 
Tuesday and Wednesday evenings, with Wednesday's 
focus being on missions. Prasanth and Nirmala Ku- 
mar and Allen Baer will be participating in this serv- 
ice. The Youth will also have their own Communion 
service on Thursday evening. They will join the adults 
for worship on Monday and Thursday evenings and 
for the closing worship service on Friday morning. 
Adults will have the opportunity to join the youth 
Wednesday night at 9:00 for the Crusader Review. 

Other events on the schedule include the annual 
Coffeehouse, comedian Bob Stromberg, tubing down 
the Mohican River, workshops, an obstacle course, 
Christian videos and pizza party, as well as daily 

Morning Praise and Share and Prayer groups. 

Pre-Convention Planning Handbooks were sent in 
January, and Convention registration information 
was mailed to advisors and pastors in early May. All 
youth attending the Convention must pre-register. No 
walk-in registrations will be accepted at the Conven- 
tion. The absolute last date to register is July 15, and 
a discount is available to those whose registrations 
are postmarked before July 1. Additional discounts 
are available if youth are National BYIC members or 
have memorized 2 Corinthians 4. 

All youth at the Convention must stay on campus 
(women in Myers, men in Kilhefner). There will be 
no commuters, and attendance is mandatory at all 
Convention events. The registration fee includes four 
nights of housing (Monday through Thursday); there- 
fore, any youth or youth sponsors who will arrive Sun- 
day must register with adult housing for Sunday night. 

Conference Registration Information 

Every person planning to attend Conference must 
complete a registration form (next page) — even if you 
live in Ashland or are not planning to stay on campus! 

General instructions: 

1. Room rates include sheets and towels. Bring your 
own pillow, washcloths, and extra towels if desired. 

2. We must pay for every bed used, but children may 
sleep on the floor in their parents' room at no charge. No 
linen is provided. Bring a pad or sleeping bag. Single 
rooms have space for one child, doubles for two, triples 
for three. Register early to get your desired accommoda- 
tions. A limited number of triple rooms are available. 

3. Tickets for meals served in the university cafeteria 
Tuesday through Friday are usable any day. Order as 
many as needed for the week. Individual meal cost is: 
breakfast — $3.60, lunch — $4.75, and dinner — $5.90; chil- 
dren under 12 are one-half adult price. 

4. Special banquet-ticket prices are offered for chil- 
dren under 12. Children under 5 are free, but we need to 
count them for table seating. There are no reduced prices 
for children for the Missionary Board banquet. 

5. In addition to the children's program listed on the 
registration form, infants through preschoolers will be 
cared for in the Kem Hall preschool rooms. Mrs. Tami 
Ickes and staff will care for them at the following times: 
Monday 6:15 p.m. to 8:30 p.m.; Tuesday through Friday 
mornings 8:15 to noon; Tuesday evening 6:45 to 8:45; 
Wednesday afternoon 1:15 to 4:30; Wednesday evening 
6:45 to 8:45; Thursday evening 4:45 to 8:45 (during the 
Missionary Board banquet and program; please feed 
your children before they arrive). 

Mrs. Alyson (Finks) Plugfelder will also have activities 
for children 4 years old through 6th grade on Thursday 
during the Missionary Board banquet and program (ap- 
proximately 4:45 p.m. to 8:45 p.m.) Please feed your chil- 
dren before they go with Alyson on Thursday. 

Other Information 

Housing — Persons needing housing Sunday night 
will be housed in Andrews Hall. Housing for Monday 
through Thursday will be in Kem Hall. The housing desk 
will be open Sunday evening from 6:00 to 9:00; Monday 
from 10:00 a.m. until 6:00 p.m. and after the evening 
program; Tuesday through Thursday from 10:00 a.m. un- 
til noon, from 3:00 to 5:00 p.m., and after the evening 
programs; Friday morning from 7:30 to 9:00, and imme- 
diately after worship until 1:00 p.m. The housing desk 
will be located in the Convocation Center lobby. 

Camping — Campsites are available at Ashland 
County Fairgrounds, 2042 Claremont Ave., Ashland. No 
advance reservation is required. Available are: water, 
electric hook-up, restrooms and showers. $10.00 per 
night; pay on arrival. 

Credentials — General Conference delegate creden- 
tials should be submitted in person at the earliest possi- 
ble time to assure orderly seating. Credentials will be 
received in the Convocation Center lobby at the following 
times: Monday 2:00-6:00 p.m. and one-half hour follow- 
ing the evening program; Tuesday through Friday, 8:00- 
8:30 a.m.; and Tuesday through Thursday, 6:30-7:00 p.m. 

Non-Delegate Guests — Non-delegates are invited 
and welcome to attend Conference. Please complete a 
reservation form. Non-delegates are asked to check in at 
the credential table and pay a nominal fee of $10.00. 
Each guest is then entitled to a guest name badge and a 
Conference packet. 

Pastors — Please feel free to copy this information 
and the registration form as needed as a way to encour- 
age a large delegation from your church. 

To all who plan to attend Conference — Thank 
you for your assistance and cooperation in registering by 
July 21. More information about the General Confer- 
ence program will be included in the July/August issue 
of the Evangelist. See you in August! 


The Brethren Evangelist 

See Instructions on previous page. 


"Called to Declare" 


1994 General Conference 

Registration Form 



Monday, August 8, through 
Friday, August 12 

Please reserve only one room per form. YOUTH are to 
register through the National BYIC if staying in YOUTH 
DORM. If staying with adults, use this form. NOTE: Reg- 
istration with prepayment by July 21 results in guaranteed 


Ashland University Dormitory 
Floor: Women's restroom 




Room type: Single 



Prepaid by 
July 21 




*no charge for children not steeping in a bed 

Housing costs calculation 

No. nights x rate/night 

x - $ 

No. keys x $10.00 - 

Total housing enclosed - $ 

Nights staying: S M T W Th 

Key deposits: $10.00/key. At least one key per room needed. 
Other preferences: 

CAMPING: Ashland Fairgrounds 

Water and electric hookups, restrooms, and 
showers. $10.00 per night. Pay on arrival. 

Meal Tickets 

Meals served in University cafeteria; tickets usable any day; order as many as you 
need for the week. 

No. ticket* 

Breakfast Adults x $3.60 - $ 

Children under 12 x $1.80- 

Lunch Adults x $4.75 - $ 

Children under 12 x $2.40- 

Dinner Adults x $5.90 - $ 

Children under 1 2 x $2.95 - _____ 

(offering will be taken) 
x $3.00 - 

Banquet Reservations 

Reservations for following events are a must due to early deadlines. Tickets 
ordered after July 21 subject to availability. No meal refunds after August 1 . 

Tues. 12:00 noon — World Relief Soup Luncheon 

Wed. 7:00 a.m. — Pastors' Wives Continental 


Thurs. noon — Women's Luncheon Adults 

Children under 1 2 

Children under 5 

Thurs. noon — Men's Picnic Adults 

Thurs. eve. — Missionary Board Banquet 

Summary Totals 

Total Housing 

Enclosed - $ 

Total Meals and Ban- 
quets Enclosed - $_ 

Total Children's Pro- 
gram Enclosed - 

Total Enclosed 

- $. 

$6.25 - 
$3.75 - 
$5.50 - 
$9.25 - 
Total Meals and Banquets Enclosed - $_ 

Make checks payable to 

General Conference Housing 
Send to: 

General Conference Housing 
524 College Avenue 
Ashland, OH 44805 


Reg. # 

Date rec. 

Amount rec. 
Check # 

CHILDREN'S PROGRAM (ages 4 years through completed 6th grade): 

Tuesday through Thursday, 8:15 a.m. to 4:45 p.m.; Fri., 8:15 a.m. to noon. 
Lunch provided Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday. 

Family Rates Week Day Week 

1 chHd $46.00 $15.00; 2 or more children $70.00 

Child's Name Age/Grade 



Days (circle) 

T W Th F 


T W Th F 


T W Th F 


dren's Program 


Mail this form as soon as possible with payment in full (but no later than July 21). 

Send to: General Conference Housing, 524 College Ave., Ashland, OH 44805 

June 1994 



Director and Seven Tentmakers Selected 
To 'Take STAKE" in the Florida District 

Orlando, Fla. — Rev. Kerry Scott has 
been selected to serve as director of 
STAKE (Saturation of the Target Area 
for Kingdom Extension), the new church- 
planting project in the Florida District. 

In addition to Rev. Scott and his fam- 
ily, seven other individuals have been 
officially selected to be a part of STAKE 
and have committed themselves to this 
church-planting project. 

Rev. Scott, his wife Denise, and their 
three children — Kyle (9), Kristin (6), 
and Kenton (3) — will move to the Or- 
lando area in August to begin the work 
of church planting. Rev. Scott will sup- 
port himself and his family in secular 
employment while providing pastoral 
leadership for the multi-church project. 

For the past 12 years, Rev. Scott has 
served at the Jefferson Brethren Church, 
Goshen, Ind., first as associate pastor 
and since 1987 as senior pastor. A for- 
mer Brethren Summer Crusader, he is 
a graduate of both Ashland University 
(1978) and Ashland Theological Sem- 
inary (M. Div., 1982). 

The seven tentmakers who will work 
with the Scotts are Linda Yoder, Mark 
Ray, Dawn Kidd, Robert Geddes, Vanda 
Funkhouser, Enid Schrader, and Annalee 
Hoover. These people will likewise sup- 
port themselves in secular employment. 
In addition to these seven, four other 
persons are seriously considering serv- 
ing with STAKE as tentmakers. 

According to Rev. David Stone, who 
has been heading up the STAKE pro- 
ject, 'The large number of people who 

Rev. Kerry and Denise Scott with chil- 
dren (I. to r.) Kenton, Kyle, and Kristin. 

have been willing to consider moving to 
a new area and a new job in order to 
participate in a non-paid ministry in the 
difficult area of church planting speaks 
well of the spiritual strength of The 
Brethren Church." 

The Missions/Outreach Ministry of 
the Florida District is continuing to seek 
other Brethren who are open to becom- 
ing a part of this challenging, ground- 
breaking, evangelism and church- 
planting project in Florida. Anyone in- 
terested in becoming a part of STAKE — 
or in receiving the STAKE newsletter or 

Brethren Pastor Reilly Smith 
Lauded in Mulvane Newspaper 

Mulvane, Kans. — Rev. Reilly Smith, 
pastor of the Mulvane First Brethren 
Church and this year's General Confer- 
ence moderator-elect, has received 
plenty of coverage recently in The Mul- 
vane News, a local newspaper. 

In addition to his pastoral responsi- 
bilities, Rev. Smith serves as a Mulvane 
police officer and in this position has 
served as the local D.A.R.E. (Drug 
Awareness Resistance Education) offi- 
cer. An item in the March 3 edition of 
The Mulvane News reported that Rev. 
Smith had notified school officials that 
he would no longer be able to run the 
D.A.R.E. program for Mulvane because 
of his upcoming responsibilities (in 
1994-95) as General Conference Mod- 
erator for The Brethren Church. 


The news item said: "It's a difficult 
day for D.A.R.E. because Reilly has 
been the cornerstone of that program in 
the Mulvane schools since the program 
was introduced several years ago. He 
has been an outstanding coordinator for 
D.A.R.E. ... It will be difficult to find 
someone who can make the D.A.R.E. 
program as successful as Reilly did." 

Articles and pictures in later editions 
of The Mulvane News in March reported 
that Rev. Smith was given a letter of 
commendation from the board of educa- 
tion for his work with the D.A.R.E. pro- 
gram. He was also presented a D.A.R.E. 
ring by the Mulvane Grade School to 
show its appreciation for his work as a 
D.A.R.E. officer for the last five years. 
And he was awarded a framed certifi- 
cate recognizing him as one of three 
people who "Made a Difference" in the 
Mulvane community during the month 
of March. 

regular electronic mail updates — 
should write to STAKE, 1310 Blooming- 
dale Ave. E., Valrico, FL 33594 (or call 
813-681-2790 or send a request through 
electronic mail at 

— reported by Rev. David Stone 

World Relief of NAE Seeking 
To Respond to Needs in Rwanda 

Wheaton, 111. — World Relief of the 
National Association of Evangelicals 
(NAE) is seeking ways to respond to the 
needs of people affected by the waves of 
violence in the African nation of Rwanda. 

It is estimated that up to 500,000 
people have been killed and that 1.3 
million have fled their homes in 
Rwanda. Approximately 300,000 have 
fled to four neighboring countries. 

World Relief of NAE is working with 
church leaders in Central Africa to de- 
velop a church-based response to help 
meet the needs of these people, both 
those in Rwanda and those who have 
fled to neighboring nations. Several 
mission groups with ties to the National 
Association of Evangelicals have had a 
strong presence in northern Rwanda, 
including Evangelical Friends Mission, 
CBInternational, and the Free Meth- 
odist Church. 

In responding to the crisis in Rwanda, 
World Relief of NAE is stepping out in 
faith. Because of the number of disas- 
ters in the past year in other nations 
and in the U.S. to which it has respond- 
ed, World Reliefs disaster response 
fund is empty. 

In a letter to Dick Winfield (who 
serves as World Relief coordinator for 
The Brethren Church) and to persons in 
similar positions in other NAE denomi- 
nations, Arthur Gay, Executive Direc- 
tor of World Relief of NAE, wrote: "I 
need you to join us in praying for and 
giving to the relief efforts to help fam- 
ilies whose lives have been torn apart by 
war, so that we would be able to mount 
a church response that is glorifying to 
our Lord." 

He continued: "I appreciate your sup- 
port of our efforts — through prayer, giv- 
ing and cooperation — to ensure we 
make the most of the resources we have 
to provide a strong, reliable church re- 
sponse that will do the most to save and 
change lives." 

World Relief of NAE receives funds 
for its relief and development work from 
the member denominations (including 
The Brethren Church) of the National 
Association of Evangelicals. April is 
World Relief emphasis month in The 
Brethren Church, but gifts may be given 
for this work at any time. 

The Brethren Evangelist 


Dave Hoyt Set Apart as a Brethren Elder 
May 15 at Park Street Brethren Church 

Ashland, Ohio — Dave E. Hoyt was 
set apart as an elder in The Brethren 
Church during the 8:30 a.m. worship 
service on Sunday, May 15, at the Ash- 
land Park Street Brethren Church. 

The setting apart service followed ac- 
tion by the National Ordination Council 
recognizing Rev. Hoyt's 1977 ordination 
in the Open Door Christian Churches in 

A 1986 graduate of Ashland Theologi- 
cal Seminary (with a Master of Divinity 
degree), Rev. Hoyt has served as Pastor 
of Youth Discipleship at Park Street 
Brethren Church since February 1991. 
Prior to this (from 1987 to 1990), he 
pastored the Walcrest Brethren Church 
in Mansfield, Ohio. While in seminary 
he was student pastor of a Presbyterian 
Church in Crestline, Ohio. 

Born in Los Angeles, Calif., in 1945, 
Dave attended lone High School in lone, 
Calif., graduating in 1963. Following 
high school, he worked as an apprentice 
painter and decorator in Terra Linda, 
Calif., before entering Christian service 
with the Open Door Christian Churches 

in 1968. 
From 1971 
to 1974 he 
served with 
Deo Gloria 
Trust, a 
in England. 
(See his arti- 
cle, "A Wide- 
Open Door to 
England and 
Scotland" in 
the May 
Rev. Dave E. Hoyt Evangelist). 

In addition to his pastoral work, Rev. 
Hoyt has chaplaincy experience in nurs- 
ing home, youth detention center, and 
hospital settings. 

Dave is married to the former Vir- 
ginia M. Palombo from the Bronx, N.Y. 
"Ginny" has served since 1983 as office 
manager for the Missionary Board of 
the Brethren Church. The Hoyts have 
two daughters, Marianne (14) and Susie 

Southwest District Conference 
Helps "Put Feet to the Faith" 

Tucson, Ariz. — From the starting 
donuts to the concluding fellowship, the 
Southwest District Conference, held 
April 15-17 at Northwest Brethren Chap- 
el in Tucson, epitomized to this writer 
the idea of "putting feet to our faith." 

The theme of the conference was "Pro- 
claim His Name," taken from Acts 5:42. 
Speakers for the conference included 
Rev. Russell Gordon, this year's Gen- 
eral Conference Moderator; Rev. David 
Cooksey, Director of Pastoral Ministries 
for The Brethren Church; and Mr. Rollie 
Cook, Southwest District moderator. 

Sweet worship opened the conference 
on Friday evening. The business meet- 
ing on Saturday included decisions 
about adopting recommendations from 
the Southwest District Executive Board 
for streamlining the district by-laws. The 
recommendations changed committees 
into boards, reduced the number of 
boards to five, and reduced the number 
of members on each board. 

Rev. Russ Gordon encouraged the dis- 
trict to play a leading role in church 
planting and church growth. Rev. Dave 
Cooksey urged the district not to be 
content with mediocrity, but to become 

To these ends, the Great Western 
Brethren Roundup, a family affair, is 
being planned for June 1995 in Estes 
Park, Colorado. So Brethren, get out 
those walking shoes and come and join 
us Western Brethren! 

Following the business meeting, sev- 
eral members of the district shared 
ways to "Proclaim His Name" daily. 
Small groups were formed to discuss 
pitfalls and obstacles each person faces 
in proclaiming His name in his or her 
daily walk. 

The Southwest District Brethren youth 
also met during the Conference. With 
the assistance of Lynne Brady, Ellen 
Fisher, Dawn Kidd, and Stacey Oligee, 
the youth presented a skit that demon- 
strated ways of "putting feet to faith." 

Fellowship continued with a carry-in 
meal to begin Saturday evening wor- 
ship. A service of footwashing followed, 
and the worship concluded with the 
sharing of the Bread and the Cup. As 
those in attendance sang the closing 
special song, there was a feeling that we 
were indeed all linked together across 
the miles— one vision, one love, one God. 
— Debbie Wilson, Southwest District 
Conference Secretary 

To cultivate kindness is a valuable 
part of the business of life. 

— Samuel Johnson 

Members of Garber Church 
Gain New Ideas for Outreach 
At Ministry Growth Workshop 

Ashland, Ohio — Members of the Gar- 
ber Brethren Church in Ashland looked 
at strengths and weaknesses of their 
congregation and at areas of growth 
and potential on Sunday, May 15, dur- 
ing the church's first Ministry Growth 

About 30 people attended the day- 
long event and came away with a re- 
newed spirit for reaching their commu- 
nity with the message of Christ. 

Passing On the Promise co-coordinators 
Conrad Griffith and Joanne Kroft or- 
chestrated the event, which included a 
soup-and-sandwich lunch and a time of 
sharing vital information about the 
church. Congregational advisor Paul 
Sluss led the participants through a 
variety of activities that produced more 
than 30 action-ideas for reaching out to 
new people and inviting them to church 

Garber Pastor Ralph Gibson called 
the day a great success, as "the people 
took hold of service opportunities and 
ownership for future ministry in the 

— reported by Pastor Ralph Gibson 

World Relief Helps Co-Sponsor 
Conference of Peace and Hope 

Wheaton, 111. — In an effort to help 
equip the small but vibrant church in 
Croatia with the skills it needs to reach 
its embattled neighbors in need, World 
Relief of the National Association of 
Evangelicals joined Croatia's Protes- 
tant Evangelical Council in sponsoring 
a Conference of Peace and Hope. 

The conference was held May 24-28, 
in Bizovac, Croatia, with more than 200 
Croatian leaders in attendance. 

During the past two years, World Re- 
lief provided support to the Protestant 
Evangelical Council as its members de- 
livered more than $500,000 in emer- 
gency supplies. But just meeting physi- 
cal needs is not enough to help people 
survive the traumas of war. The church 
must also reach out and help survivors 
with their emotional and spiritual needs. 

Many church leaders in Croatia have 
not obtained formal training and don't 
feel confident about addressing trauma 
and emotional needs. The goal of World 
Relief and the Protestant Evangelical 
Council was to help equip these leaders 
to be peacemakers and bearers of hope 
in their communities even in the midst 
of war. 

June 1994 



the children had made during their 
craft time on the previous Sunday. Be- 
tween 40 and 50 children and mothers 
enjoyed this special event. The children 

are planning a similar occasion for their 
dads on Father's Day and for their 
grandmothers and grandfathers on 
Grandparent's Day. 


Thomas (T.J.) McLaughlin and Ed- 
ward Miller were set aside as licensed 
pastors in The Brethren Church during 
the May 8th worship services at the 
Pleasant View Brethren Church of Van- 
dergrift, Pa. T.J. and Ed are both at- 
tending Ashland Theological Seminary 
part time, and they are co-pastoring the 
Fremont, Ohio, Brethren Church on a 
part-time basis. 

Mrs. Merna Edwards, a member of 
the Lanark, 111., First Brethren Church, 
was honored as an outstanding citizen 
by the Carroll County Pomona Grange 
for her work in the local community. She 
belongs to the County Family Com- 
munity Education Unit, helps at the 
County Thrift Shop, and is always will- 
ing to transport people to the doctor or 
to other appointments. At the Lanark 
Church, she sings in the choir, belongs 
to the W.M.S., delivers meals, brings 
elderly members to Sunday school, and 
is in charge of the Cradle Roll depart- 
ment. She was completely surprised by 
the award. 

The Senior and Junior Choirs of 
the Lanark, 111., First Brethren Church 
gave two presentations of the Easter 
Cantata He Is Risen on Palm Sunday. A 
cast of twelve portrayed scenes during 
the musical presentation, with Lanark 
Pastor Jim Garrett doing the part of 
Jesus. Marsha Green directed the can- 
tata, and Bonnie Bauer and Karen 
Bushman played the piano. Both con- 
certs were well-attended by people from 
the congregation and the community. 

Dr. Juan Carlos Miranda, Director 
of Latin America Missions for the Mis- 
sionary Board of the Brethren Church, 
was the guest speaker for Missionary 
Conference Sunday, April 24, at the 
Goshen, Ind., First Brethren Church. 
Faith Promises for the coming year were 
received during the service. 

The Nursery Department children 

of the Berlin, Pa., Brethren Sunday 
School hosted a tea for their mothers on 
Mother's Day. The mothers were sur- 
prised when the children served them 
on individually designed plates, which 


James and Diane Jones 
(center of photo) were ordained 
as deacon and deaconess on 
Sunday, May 1, at the West Alex- 
andria, Ohio, First Brethren 
Church. Rev. Dale Long (far r.) 
conducted the ordination, held 
after the morning worship 
service, assisted by Rev. David 
Oligee, pastor of the West Alex- 
andria Church (at I in photo). 
A carry-in dinner was held fol- 
lowing the service in honor of 
Mr. and Mrs. Jones. 
Report & Photo by Luella Painter 

In Memory 

Donald H. Flagg, 71, May IS. Longtime mem- 
ber of the Peru First Brethren Church, where he 
had served as moderator, trustee, deacon, 
teacher, historian, and janitor. Services by Rev. 
Richard Austin and Pastor James Naff. 
Ruth Stoddard, 77, May 11. Member for 66 
years and deaconess at the Hagerstown First 
Brethren Church, where she was president for 
many years of the W.M.S., taught in the church 
nursery for 55 years, and served as missions 
secretary, official board member, and Evangel 
ist subscription agent. She also was active in the 
Southeastern District, holding various district of- 
fices and serving on various boards. Services by 
Pastor Gerald Barr. 

Robert W. Klepser, 78, May 3. Longtime mem- 
ber of the Ashland Park Street Brethren Church, 
where he had served as an usher and as Sunday 
school treasurer. Services by Pastor Arden Gil- 
mer and Rev. Tom Schiefer. 
Merril Orebaugh, 80, April 13. Member for 25 
years of the Oakville First Brethren Church. 
Services by Pastor Dan Lawson. 
Guy Pence, 43, January 9. Member of the 
Oakville First Brethren Church. Services by Pas- 
tor Dan Lawson. 


Deborah Geisz to Rick Shields, May 5, at the 

Lanark First Brethren Church; Associate Pastor 
Robert Schubert officiating. Bride a member of 
the Lanark First Brethren Church. 
Linnea A. Lindholm to Richard W. Wright, 
May 5, at the West Alexandria First Brethren 
Church; pastor David S. Oligee officiating. Bride 
a member of the West Alexandria First Brethren 

Loriel Renee Bash to Richard Klingensmith, 
April 23, at the Pleasant View Brethren Church; 
Pastor R. Keith Hensley officiating. Members of 
the Pleasant View Brethren Church. 
Beatrice Vietmeyer to Herbert Martz, April 2, 
at the Lanark First Brethren Church; Associate 
Pastor Robert Schubert officiating. Bride a mem- 
ber of the Lanark First Brethren Church. 


Helen and Jacob Mackall, 55th, June 28. Mem- 
bers of the Vinco Brethren Church. 
Raymond and Mae Rodgers, 60th, June 26. 
Members of the Vinco Brethren Church. 

Membership Growth 

Valley: 2 by transfer 

Goshen: 7 by baptism 

Pleasant View: 1 by baptism 

New Lebanon: 1 by baptism, 1 by transfer 

West Alexandria: 18 by baptism, 13 by transfer 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Little Crusader 

Jesus said, "Let the children come to me, and do not hinder 
them; for to such belongs the kingdom of heaven" (Matt. 19:14). 

Hi boys and girls! 

I'm sure you have heard many times from your parents or your teachers to always 
say "Thank you" to people who give you something or do something for you. Perhaps 
you even get tired of hearing them remind you. The Bible gives a lesson on being 
thankful. It is found in the Gospel of Luke. 

One day while Jesus was traveling, He saw ten men who had the disease called 
leprosy. When people had leprosy, they got sores all over their bodies and they almost 
never got well. These men could not live with their families because the disease would 
spread to other family members. They were not even supposed to come close to Jesus. 
So they stood at a distance and shouted for Jesus to have pity on them. When Jesus 
saw them, He told them to get into town and see the priests. As they were on their 
way to see the priests, they were healed of the leprosy. 

Of these ten men, only one turned around and ran back to thank Jesus for healing 
him. Jesus wondered where the other nine were. Were they not grateful that they had 
been healed? Had no one ever told them to remember to say "Thank you"? 

Jesus wants us always to be grateful for the many things He has given us. Always 
remember to say "Thank you" to Jesus! 

The Message Box 

Cross out the words in the boxes with these numbers: 1 3479 10 12 13 
16 18 19 22 25 26 28 29. Find the message in the remaining boxes. 

The message is: 

. Psalm 136:1 

































June 1994 


106th General Conference 

August 8-12 
Ashland, Ohio 

Theme: "Called to Declare" 

Theme Verse: 1 Peter 2:9 

Called to declare what? "The praises of 
him who called you out of darkness into his 
wonderful light." And called to declare that 
"once you had not received mercy, but now 
you have received mercy." And called to de- 
clare that mercy and love and salvation to a 
world full of people who need to come to 
saving faith in Jesus Christ. 

We have embarked on a three year proc- 
ess to strengthen our ability and our resolve 
to be witnesses to the world. This conference 
will provide another opportunity to become 
equipped for that purpose. 

The 1993 Conference will feature: 

• Thomas L. Youngblood as guest speaker 
and leader of a day-long seminar entitled 
"Love Your Neighbor to Life." 

Rich times of worship and fellowship 

Addresses by Moderator Russell Gordon 
and Moderator-Elect Reilly Smith 

A concert of prayer led by the Seminary 

A celebration of Brethren missions 

A variety of luncheons and banquets 

Updates on denominational ministries 

Exciting business sessions 

Don't miss this year's General Conference! 
Make plans now to attend, and complete the 
registration form on page 15 no later than 
July 21. 

See you in August! 

Thomas L. Youngblood 

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Seeing God's Hand at Work 

A Miracle That is Still in Progress 

By Pam Clevenger 

on November 11, 1993, when, in the blink of 
an eye, a pickup truck crossed the center line and 
hit my little Honda Civic head on. God did not 
make the accident happen, but He was there to 
protect us and has brought a lot of good from a bad 

Our daughter Dorie (who had just turned two in 
October), son Zach (not yet born), and I were spared 
from death. A few days later, as I lay in my hospi- 
tal bed, God told me He would be glorified by this 
situation, and that gave me peace. As time passed, 
my pregnancy (threatened by the accident) contin- 
ued, my two broken legs began to heal, and Dorie 
totally recovered from her broken leg. 

The church testifies 

The people from our church were there support- 
ing us from the start, when Pastor Dan Lawson 
climbed into the wreckage to pray for us. Nearly 
everyone in the Oakville body has helped us with 
meals, housekeeping, laundry, babysitting, cards (we 
especially enjoyed the homemade ones from the 
children's Sunday school classes!), calls, visits, a 
free haircut, loans of slippers, gowns and a robe, 
taxi service, loan of a wheelchair van, and most of 
all the prayers! Thanks also to Pastor Dan, Char- 
lie Sites, and Jim Cooper for building a porch and 
ramp so that I could get out a little. 

Our church has been a tremendous testimony to 
an untold number of people. 

A new life 

On January 2, 1994, I finally went into labor. It 
went well until 11:00 p.m., when my uterus and 
bladder ruptured. The baby's heart rate dropped 
into the 40s at that time. Thanks to the quick in- 
tervention of the doctors for baby Zach, he and I 
are both alive. When Zach was born, he was not 
breathing and his heart was not beating. He was 
resuscitated and put on a ventilator. The next day 
he was off the ventilator and seemed better — such 
a beautiful baby! 

But then things changed. The doctors told us 
that Zach had severe neurological damage from lack 
of oxygen. A neonatologist from Riley Hospital in 
Indianapolis told us Zach would most likely have 
no quality of life and that we might want to let him 
go. The pain and grief that Robin and I (and all the 
people who love us) went through was indescribable. 

We prayed the prayer of resignation, which means, 
"You know what we want Lord, but may your per- 
fect will be done." We sent Zach to Methodist Hos- 
pital in Indianapolis and went home to grieve. 

That weekend, God began to miraculously re- 

store our infant son! We have experienced a mir- 
acle that is still in progress! We attribute this mir- 
acle to God's boundless love, power, and grace, and 
to the many prayers lifted up for us. All of you who 
prayed for us contributed to our miracle. Thank 
you! With God, anything is possible, limited only 
by our faith. 

God's word gives guidance 

God gave Lynne Lawson (wife of Pastor Lawson) 
a scripture passage for me when things were so 
dark. It is Isaiah 43. Read it and know that God is 
with us as His church here at Oakville as we seek 
His will and go forward to reach the lost. Time is 
short, and we need to be about the Father's work. 
God bless you all! [ft] 

Mrs. Clevenger and her husband, Robin, are members 
of the Oakville, Ind., First Brethren Church. In a follow- 
up phone call with Mrs. Clevenger, she reported that 
Zach is continuing to do remarkably well, considering the 
earlier prognosis. He is experiencing some developmental 
problems in his motor skills, and the doctor has indicated 
the possibility that he will have permanent mild cerebral 
palsy. Even so, his mother expressed her conviction that 
God's hand was in these events and that He has a pur- 
pose for her son's life, including any permanent disability 
he may have. 

As for herself, Mrs. Clevenger can now walk without a 
walker, although she is still unable to walk normally and 
may never be able to do so. Dorie continues to do well. 
X-rays will be taken this month (July) to see if the break 
did any permanent damage to the growth plate in her leg. 

Mrs. Clevenger has a very positive attitude toward the 
accident. She believes it can be used by God as a witness 
to others, and she is in fact doing just that, even sharing 
her testimony on a Christian radio program. She told the 
editor, "If it [the accident] leads one person to Christ, it's 
worth everything that happened." She also talks with en- 
thusiasm and gratitude about the "incredible amount of 
prayer" that was offered for her and her family by other 
Christians, particularly by the Oakville Brethren. 

The driver of the pickup truck received only minor in- 
juries but was extremely distraught by the injuries he 
caused to the Clevenger family. The collision occurred 
when he reached for something in the vehicle and inad- 
vertently went left of center. Mrs. Clevenger expressed no 
animosity toward him, acknowledging that we all make 
mistakes when driving. 

If you have seen the hand of God at work in your life in 
a special way, you are encouraged to share your experience 
with other Brethren through the pages of the Evangelist. 
Write out your experience as simply and clearly as possi- 
ble, but don't worry about producing a polished manuscript. 
A maximum of 500 words is suggested. Typewritten articles 
are preferred, but handwritten manuscripts will be accepted. 
Send your completed article to Richard Winfield, editor; The 
Brethren Evangelist; 524 College Ave.; Ashland, OH 44805. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Funderburg Library 


North Manchester, IN 46962 

July/August 1994 
Volume 116, Number 7 

The Brethren Evangelist 

(ISSN 0747-4288) 


Richard C. Winfield 

Children's Page 

Sandi Rowsey 

Editorial and 
Business Office 

524 College Avenue 

Ashland, OH 44805-3792 

Phone: 419-289-1708 

Published: Monthly (except 
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combined) by The Brethren 
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Member: Evangelical Press 


A Miracle That is Still in Progress by Pam Clevenger 2 

God has brought healing and blessing out of an accident that could 
easily have taken three lives. 

For God So Loves the Earth by Jeff Weidenhamer 4 

An ethic of Christian earthkeeping is rooted in many of the major doc- 
trines of the Christian faith. 

Doing Our Part for the Environment by Michael Bailey with 6 

Keith and Marjorie Bennett 

Thirteen ways church members can help take care of the earth, our 
present home. 

A Brethren Quiz by Matthew W. Hamel 7 

How much do you know about early Brethren history? Take this test 
and find out, and perhaps you will learn a few things in the process. 

Theonomy and Biblical Interpretation by Kenneth Sullivan 9 

Similarities and differences in the way Brethren and Theonomists 
approach and understand the Bible 

Special Section General Conference Preview 

Conference Moderator; Other Conference Highlights 11 

Conference Business Sessions; Nominees 12 


The July-August Woman's Outlook Newsletter is in the center of this issue. 

This is the combined July/August issue of the Evangelist, and there will be no 
issue next month. 

Answer to the Little Crusader page: 

"Jesus gives us new bodies in heaven." 




Children's Page 



by Sandi Rowsey 

c&JC Pontius' Puddle 


POtt GQsiWVy AMt> C-EKEROOS ( . 

JulVAugust 1994 

For God 
So Loves the Earth 

A Creation Defiled 

of Reynosa, Mexico, haunt my 
memory. Our family visited Reyno- 
sa after Christmas in 1988 with a 
group from a church we were at- 
tending at that time in Baton Rouge, 
Louisiana. Reynosa lies across the 
border from McAllen, Texas. 

It's easy to become numb and in- 
different when faced with statistics 
about Third World poverty and en- 
vironmental degradation. But walk- 
ing down the streets of that colonia 
in Reynosa, there were no cold, im- 
personal statistics. The smiling, 
inquisitive faces of the children for 
whom we had brought Christmas 
gifts were in sharp contrast with 
their environment. 

The neighborhood in which they 
lived was built on an old landfill. 
The streets were unpaved; there 
was no electricity and no running 
water. "Drinking" water was ob- 
tained, untreated, from a river that 
ran an off-shade color of green, 
which drained the landfill site as 
well as receiving wastes from nu- 
merous local industries. 

The neighborhood we visited is 
typical of others along the U.S.- 
Mexico border and of life in many 
other regions of the world. Poverty, 
population increase, and environ- 
mental degradation create an inter- 
related web of problems facing hu- 
manity as we enter the 21st century. 

Dr. Weidenhamer attends the Univer- 
sity Church in Ashland and is on the 
science faculty of Ashland University, 
where he teaches chemistry and envi- 
ronmental science. He is coordinator of 
the University's Environmental Lecture 
Series, which this spring had as its 
theme Christian perspectives on envi- 
ronmental stewardship. 

By Jeff Weidenhamer 

• A recent article in Smithsonian maga- 
zine (May 1994, "Hot on the trail of 
toxic dumpers and other eco-outlaws, 
Texas-style," by R. Wolkomir) details 
the many environmental problems in 
the Juarez-El Paso area. Juarez has 
no sewage treatment system; all of 
that city's sewage as well as its indus- 
trial waste containing heavy metals, 
solvents, and other pollutants flows 
through what is known as the "Black 
Ditch" into the Rio Grande River. In 
the summer, flow from the Black 
Ditch is used to irrigate agricultural 

• Recent news reports have docu- 
mented the largest known cluster of 
cases of anencephaly, in which chil- 
dren are born without a brain, on both 
sides of the Rio Grande River near 
Galveston, Texas. 

• In the aftermath of the collapse of 
communism in eastern Europe and 
the former Soviet Union, environ- 
mental devastation has been revealed 
on a scale that staggers the imagina- 
tion of those of us in the West. Rivers 
are heavily polluted with industrial 
waste and sewage, forests have been 
killed by air pollution, and the people 
of the region have abnormally high 
cancer rates and shortened life spans. 
Numerous unsafe nuclear reactors 
are used to supply electrical power. 

One of the most appalling instances 
of environmental contamination af- 
fecting human health 
took place in Estonia, 
where 300 kindergart- 
ners lost their hair. It 
was later discovered 
that radioactive waste 
had been dumped on the 
land where their school 
was built ("Restoring the 
East European and So- 
viet Environments," 
by Hillary F. French, 
in State of the 
World 1991, 
New York: 
W.W. Norton 
and Co., p. 98). 

©DG 1991 

• In Bangladesh, people perish in more 
frequent, more severe flooding, the re- 
sult of deforestation in the Himalayan 

• In the humid tropics, deforestation 
may cause the loss of more than a 
million species of plants and animals 
by the end of this century. 

Clearly, creation is groaning as 
it awaits the revelation of the chil- 
dren of God (Rom. 8:19-22). But 
where should healing the earth fit 
on the church's agenda? Will car- 
ing for the environment detract 
from the church's primary mission 
of evangelism and discipleship? It 
is my conviction that it will not, 
and that caring for the earth will 
be an essential part of the church's 
task in the next century. 

An ethic of Christian earthkeep- 
ing is rooted in many of the major 
doctrines of our faith, specifically: 

The Brethren Evangelist 


Throughout the Old and New 
Testaments, and not just in Gen- 
esis, the Scriptures emphatically 
declare that God is the Creator. 
The Psalmist wrote, "The earth is 
the Lord's, and everything in it . . ." 
(24:1).* Jeremiah wrote, "He who 
is the Portion of Jacob is not like 
these [idols], for he is the Maker of 
all things . . ." (10:16). In a well- 
known passage, Isaiah encouraged 
and comforted God's people, say- 
ing, "Do you not know? Have you 
not heard? The LORD is the ever- 
lasting God, the Creator of the 
ends of the earth. He will not grow 
tired or weary . . ." (40:28). Paul 
wrote to the Colossians, "For by 
him [Christ] all things were cre- 
ated: ... all things were created by 
him and for him" (1:16). And in the 
Revelation, John shares the elders' 
praise of God the Creator: "You are 
worthy, our Lord and God, to re- 
ceive glory and honor and power, 
for you created all things, and by 
your will they were created and 
have their being" (4:11). 

God's creation of all things gives 
all things value. And if the earth is 
the Lord's, we simply may not do 
whatever we please with it. If we 
take a closer look at the Genesis 
story, we find some significant 
truths that are often overlooked. 
In Genesis 1, before the blessing to 
"Be fruitful and increase" was given 
to Adam and Eve (v. 28), the same 
blessing was given by God to the 
birds and sea creatures (v. 22). Dr. 
Calvin DeWitt, in the foreword to 

'Quotations from the Bible are from the 
New International Version. 

Juia/August 1994 

Dr. Susan Power Bratton's recent 
book Six Billion & More (Louis- 
ville, KY: Westminster/John Knox 
Press), which discusses Christian 
population ethics, writes: 

We have come to a time when the 
impact of humankind — our explod- 
ing number multiplied by the 
power each wields and the defile- 
ment each brings — not only denies 
the creatures fruitfulness and ful- 
fillment but also extinguishes in- 
creasing numbers of them from the 
face of earth. We add field to field, 
expending forest, prairie, wetland, 
and savannah in the process. 

DeWitt asks, "Does our God-given 
blessing of stewardship of creation 
grant us license to deny creatures 
God's blessing of fruitfulness and 

A more familiar passage in the 
creation story is Genesis 2:15, 
which says, The LORD God took the 
man and put him in the Garden of 
Eden to work it and take care of 
it." The Hebrew words abad and 
shamar, translated "work" and 
"take care of," imply service and 
preservation. (Take Good Care, It's 
God's Earth" by Calvin DeWitt in 
Prism magazine, Jan. 1994, p. 10 .) 

The Fall 

With the Fall of humankind, not 
only was the relationship between 
God and humanity broken, but the 
relationship between humanity and 
creation was broken as well. "Cursed 
is the ground because of you," God 
told Adam (Gen. 3:17). The proph- 
ets linked the condition of the land 
to the spiritual condition of the 

people. Consider, for example, this 
passage from Isaiah 24:4-6. 

The earth dries up and withers, 
the world languishes and 
withers .... 
The earth is defiled by its people; 

they have disobeyed the laws, 
violated the statutes 

and broken the everlasting 
Therefore a curse consumes the 
its people must bear their guilt. 


The first verse that I recall mem- 
orizing in Sunday school at Park 
Street Brethren Church is John 
3:16. "For God so loved the world 
that he gave his one and only Son 
. ..." In my understanding, the 
world was always humanity. But 
in the original Greek, the word used 
for world in this verse is kosmos, 
which signifies all creation, rather 
than anthropos, signifying the world 
of humankind. Certainly the focus 
of the passage is on human redemp- 
tion, but the verse may be rendered 
literally, "For God so loved all of 
creation that he gave his one and 
only Son . . . ." 

In Paul's theology of redemption, 
"God was pleased to have all his 
fullness dwell in him [Christ], and 
through him to reconcile to himself 
all things, whether things on earth 
or things in heaven" (Col. 1:19-20). 
The fact that humanity's relation- 
ship with creation was broken by 
the Fall implies that in redemption, 
this relationship will be restored. 

Christ's return 

For many Christians, the degra- 
dation of creation so visible in our 
time is another sign, even a wel- 
come sign, of the imminent return 
of Christ. To these Christians, car- 
ing for creation is at best pointless 
and at worst only serves to prolong 
the time until Christ's appearing. 

Such theology stands New Testa- 
ment ethics on its head. As numer- 
ous passages throughout the New 
Testament bear witness, Christians 
were not expected to sit idly by 
while the world deteriorated. 
Christ called His disciples to be 
the "salt of the earth" and the 

"light of the world" (Matt. 5:13-14). 
He expects to find His disciples en- 
gaged in acts of love and mercy, 
feeding the hungry, clothing the 
naked, visiting the prisoners, their 
lamps burning brightly when He 
returns (Matt. 25). 

Paul urged the Romans "not [to] 
conform any longer to the pattern 
of this world" (12:2). The abuse of 
creation is a part of the pattern of 
a fallen world. It is not something 
Christians should be party to. In 
Noah's time, when God's judgment 
came upon an earth that was "filled 
with violence" (Gen. 6:13), Noah 
was charged with preserving not 
only himself and his family, but 
the diversity of creation as well. 

In the judgment described in 
John's Revelation, it is written that 
'The time has come . . . for destroy- 

ing those who destroy the earth" 
(11:18). It is inconceivable that the 
church should be a willing partici- 
pant in the earth's destruction. 

Putting ethics and beliefs 
into practice 

Keeping the earth in a manner 
consistent with our calling as chil- 
dren of the Creator will require ef- 
fort. It may not be comfortable. Yet 
it is not something we can ignore. 
One of my favorite cartoons about 
world hunger shows a crowd of 
people all thinking to themselves, 
"What can one person do?" Indi- 
vidually, we may not be able to do 
much, but together we can accom- 
plish a great deal, just as the many 
individual raindrops of a rain- 
storm collectively bring water to 
the earth, its creatures, and to us. 

I hope to visit the colonias of 
Reynosa again. I will probably not 
see a young Mexican boy named 
David, who made fast friends with 
my own son David on our first trip 
there. I will always wonder whether 
he grew sick from drinking the un- 
treated water or if he developed 
cancer because some industries 
dumped toxic wastes without re- 
gard to human health. But there 
are other children in Reynosa and 
throughout the world who are 
waiting for their chance at life. 

The Amish have a proverb that 
says, "We did not inherit the land 
from our parents; rather, we bor- 
row it from our children." It is time 
for the church to do its part in heal- 
ing the creation, so that creation 
and its creatures may flourish, and 
that our children may live. [ft] 

Doing Our Part for the Environment 

By Michael Bailey, with Keith and Marjorie Bennett 

esis discusses the creation of 
humankind and our relationship to 
the Creator. God tells Adam that 
he is to rule over the earth and all 
the animals and plants. Psalm 
24:1 tells us that the earth and all 
things on it are God's. 

What, then, should be our atti- 
tude concerning the environment? 
Both verses tell us that God is the 
Creator and that all things belong 
to Him. But humankind has been 
charged by God to rule the earth. 
Does that mean all things are to be 
used as we see fit, no matter how 
wasteful, and without regard for 
the future? It may seem that way 
if we do not realize that all things 
on earth are a gift from God. Just 
as we wish to do God's will with 
the tithes and offerings we collect 
each Sunday, we also must wish to 
do what is best with His gift of this 
planet. For as Genesis 2:15 (niv) 
states, "The Lord God took the man 
and put him in the Garden of Eden 
to work it and take care of it." This 

Mr. Bailey is moderator of the Mun- 
cie, Ind., First Brethren Church; Rev. 
Bennett is pastor of the Muncie congre- 
gation; and Mrs. Bennett is a member 
of the church and the pastor's wife. 


means trying not to be wasteful, 
recycling, advocating proper man- 
agement of the earth's resources, 
and giving effort to try to accom- 
plish these goals. When we prop- 
erly care for our earth, we are sim- 
ply taking care of our own home. 
God the creator gave us that task. 
As members of a church we can: 

1. Learn what items can be re- 
cycled in our area. 

2. Recycle all possible items in 
our home and church, and 
place appropriate bins at 
church for collection of in- 
church materials. 

3. Lobby local government to 
begin a recycling program or 
to expand an existing one. 

4. Give all usable, unwanted 
items to local agencies that 
can use them; i.e., clothing, 
toys, household goods. 

5. Adjust the thermostat up or 
down, depending upon the 
season, to decrease energy use. 

6. Car pool on the way to 
church or church meetings. 

7. Bring dishes to carry-in 
meals instead of using paper 
or styrofoam. 

8. Purchase dishes and silver- 
ware for use by the church 
for special occasions and per- 

©DG 1991 

haps for carry-in meals. 
9. Purchase items that use the 
least amount of packaging 
and of material that is recy- 
clable. Notify local mer- 
chants of your concerns. 

10. Participate with local pro- 
grams on clean-up days and 
perhaps become involved 
with an "Adopt-a-Highway" 
program or be responsible 
for other public spaces 

11. Help keep your earth home 
clean by not littering. 

12. Maintain and beautify your 
church building and grounds. 

13. Think of even more recycling 
suggestions for your church, [ft] 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Early Brethren organizer. Do you 
know his name? See question 1. 

A Brethren Quiz 

By Matthew W. Hamel 

How much do you know about the history of The Brethren 
Church? Who were the early Brethren? What can we learn from 
them? Come along on a quick tour of the early years of the 
Brethren. Begin at number 1 , but be careful; there are sure to be 
some surprises along the way. 

1. The organizer and guiding light 
of the early Brethren was: 

Peter Becker. Go to 5. 
Alexander Mack, Sr. Go to 10. 

2. Right! Anabaptist was a neg- 
ative term, used of the Brethren by 
people in the established churches, 
who practiced infant baptism. The 
Anabaptists were so-called because 
they required those who had re- 
ceived infant baptism to be rebap- 
tized as adult believers. Jump to 6. 

3. Correct. The Radical Pietists 
saw marriage as an earthly insti- 
tution that obstructed their quest 
for a spiritual union with God. The 
Brethren disagreed, and the con- 
troversy eventually led them to 
America. Detour to 9, and then go 
on to 7. 

4. You're rushing things! This is 
the date of the arrival of the first 
Brethren in America. See 13. 

5. Sorry. Peter Becker was the 
early Brethren leader who led the 
first group of Brethren to America 
in 1719. See 10. 

6. The other movement that in- 
fluenced the Brethren was Radical 
Pietism. A key belief of this group 

Individual inspiration is more 

Mr. Hamel, a member of the Johns- 
town, Pa., Second Brethren Church, is 
a 1993 graduate of Ashland Theologi- 
cal Seminary with a degree in church 
history. He has spent the past year re- 
searching Brethren history, which has 
included doing several genealogical 
searches. If interested in his services, 
you may contact him in care of the 

July/August 1994 

important than the Bible. Go to 9. 
Marriage is sinful. Go to 3. 

7. The Brethren movement in 
Germany began in what year? 

1719. Go to 4. 
1708. Go to 13. 

8. Anabaptism was one of two 
movements that influenced the 
Brethren. Anabaptism means: 

Rebaptism. Go to 2. 
Against baptism. Go to 11. 

9. True. Mack, on the other hand, 
believed that Brethren should al- 
ways measure any new teaching 
by the standard of God's written 
revelation, the Bible. Go to 3 and 
then on to 7. 

10. Correct. The son of a miller, 
Alexander Mack was born in 
Schriesheim (rhymes with "shoe- 
shine"), Germany, in 1679. Go on 
to 8. 

11. Oops! See 2. 

12. Guess again. Ephrata was 
the site of a Brethren splinter 
group, led by Conrad Beissel, 
whose distorted teaching included 
celibacy, monasticism, and ele- 
ments of Radical Pietism. He was 
the author of many hymns, and he 
pioneered a unique style of singing 
that attracted large numbers of 
visitors to the Ephrata Cloister, 
located in Lancaster County, Pa. 
Go back to 20. 

13. Bingo! The first official act 
of the Brethren movement took 
place in 1708 in the Eder River in 
Schwarzenau, Germany, with the 
baptism of eight people by trine 
immersion. Move on to 20. 

14. The Brethren borrowed their 

style of plain dress from which 

The Quakers. Go to 21. 

The Mennonites. Go to 16. 

15. Peter Nead, an early Breth- 
ren minister, was called the "Eng- 
lish Preacher." Why? 

Because he was from England. 
Go to 25. 

Because he preached in both 
English and German. Go to 18. 

16. Sorry! The primary influence 
of the Mennonites on the Brethren 
was on their identity, not on their 
style of dress. Today we are still 
quite similar to the Mennonites, 
except in our mode of baptism 
(Brethren immerse, Mennonites 
pour). Bypass to 21. 

17. Good job! The Germantown 
meetinghouse was built in 1770. 
Prior to that the Brethren met in 
homes. The Germantown building 
is one of the outstanding remain- 
ing examples of early meeting- 
house design. It is now surrounded 
by the Philadelphia metropolitan 
area. Go to 14. 

18. Good going! Nead was the 
first well-known Brethren leader 
able to speak both German and 
English fluently. He was also 
author of Theological Writings, an 
exposition of distinctly Brethren 
practices. Proceed to 28. 

19. Brethren were persecuted in 
the colonies for their stand against: 

Slavery. Go to 30. 
Taxes. Go to 22. 

20. The first meetinghouse of the 
Brethren in America was located 

Ephrata, Pennsylvania. Go to 12. 


This was the first Brethren meetinghouse (church building) constructed in 
America. Do you know where it is located? See question 20. 

Germantown, Pennsylvania. Go 

to 17. 

21. Correct. They also were in- 
fluenced by the Quaker meeting- 
houses and by the Quaker form of 
organization. Progress to 19. 

22. Sorry! The Brethren were 
generally grateful for the protec- 
tion offered by the British govern- 
ment, and so were willing to pay 
their taxes. This attitude did cause 
trouble during the Revolutionary 
War period. March onward to 15. 

23. Look it up! It is based on the 
New Testament practice referred to 
in Romans 16:16, 1 Peter 5:14, and 
in other passages. The Brethren 
view of Scripture led them to up- 
hold many practices from New Tes- 
tament times. Ease on over to 31. 

24. Right. During the early 
years of the Brethren in the U.S., 
church members were scattered 
and travel was difficult. The semi- 
annual Love Feasts (Communion 
services) were great social events, 
and Brethren would come from afar. 
They would arrive on Saturday for 
fellowship, then stay over night in 
the church "loft" to be present for 
the services on Sunday. Forward 
to 27. 

25. False. See 18 

26. Incompatibility with the 

world may be the result of a faith- 
ful Christian life, but unfortu- 
nately this is not the correct an- 
swer. Go back to 31 and try again. 

27. The printing press was cru- 
cial to maintaining Brethren unity. 
What was the name of the family 
that printed well-known Bibles in 
German during colonial times? 

Sauer. Go to 33. 
Holsinger. Go to 36. 

28. One of the distinctive Breth- 
ren practices was the salutation 
with a Holy Kiss. This is based on: 

European tradition. Go to 23. 
The Brethren view of Scripture. 
Go to 35. 

29. Brethren meetinghouses 
often had an attic (loft) above the 
main assembly area. This space 
was for: 

Sunday school. Go to 32. 
Overnight guests. Go to 24. 

30. Right, particularly in the 
South. This affected Brethren set- 
tlement in Virginia, where even to- 
day the vast majority of Brethren 
live close to the Shenandoah val- 
ley, away from the Tidewater re- 
gion. Go on to 15. 

31. The Brethren concept of be- 
ing distinct from the rest of society 
is called: 

Incompatibility. Go to 26. 

Nonconformity. Go to 34. 

32. Too bad! Sunday school was 
not considered necessary by the 
early Brethren. They preferred to 
keep biblical instruction in the 
home. See 24. 

33. Good job! Three generations 
of Sauers printed much literature 
for the German settlers in the 
Philadelphia area. The eldest Sauer 
was a rival of Benjamin Franklin 
in the printing trade. Several Ger- 
man Bibles from the Sauer presses 
are on display in the Ashland 
Theological Seminary library. Go 
to 37. 

34. Correct. This is based on Ro- 
mans 12:2 — "Conform no longer to 
the pattern of this present world, 
but be transformed by the renewal 
of your minds." Go to 29. 

35. Yessiree! See 23. 

36. You're rushing things! Al- 
though Henry Holsinger was ac- 
tive in many printing interests, his 
family did not print German Bibles 
during the late 1700s. Return to 27. 

37. Congratulations! You've com- 
pleted this tour of early Brethren 
history! Soon we will take a tour of 
the years leading up to the organi- 
zation of our branch of the Breth- 
ren (The Brethren Church). 

For further reading 

Articles in The Brethren Encyclo- 
pedia, Donald F. Durnbaugh, ed. 
(Philadelphia Pa., and Oak Brook, 
111.: The Brethren Encyclopedia, 
Inc., 1983). 

Meet the Brethren, Donald F. 
Durnbaugh, ed. (Elgin, 111.: The 
Brethren Press, 1984) 

Counting the Cost: The Life of 
Alexander Mack by William G. 
Willoughby (Elgin, 111.: Brethren 
Press, 1979). 

The Old Brethren by James Leh- 
man (Elgin, 111.: Brethren Press, 

The Anabaptist Story by William 
R. Estep (Nashville: Broadman 
Press, 1963). 

Understanding Pietism by Dale 
Brown (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 

The Brethren Evangelist 

the Bible 

I LIVE in Milledgeville, Illinois, 
just 20 miles from the Missis- 
sippi River. It is one of the few 
places in Illinois with rolling hills 
and even ski resorts. 

One hundred miles east of Mill- 
edgeville lies the metropolitan area 
of Chicago, stretching some 36 miles 
along the southwestern coast of lake 
Michigan. From Milledgeville you 
may choose one of three major 
routes to reach the city. Your choice 
determines which part of the Chi- 
cago area you reach and how 
quickly you get there. 

Different starting points 

Our approach to Scripture has 
similar results. Our starting point 
determines where we end up. The 
Brethren historically have ap- 
proached Scripture from a Christ- 
centered perspective. That perspec- 
tive has determined our interpreta- 
tions and our distinctive practices. 

While this might seem like a 
reasonable starting point, it is 
not accepted by all Christians. 
Many Christians, some Brethren 
included, approach the Bible from 
different starting points. This ac- 
counts for the many different inter- 
pretations and the various areas of 
disagreement. Just as our faith in 
Christ's finished work at the Cross 
of Calvary determines our eternal 
destiny, so our approach to the Bi- 
ble determines our destination in 
terms of doctrine and practice. 

Christians disagree because they 
approach Scripture by different 

Rev. Sullivan is pastor of the Mill- 
edgeville, III., Brethren Church. He 
serves on The Brethren Church's Com- 
mittee on Doctrine, Research, and Pub- 
lication, which is preparing this series 
of articles. 

JulVAugust 1994 

Theonomy and 
Biblical Interpretation 

By Kenneth Sullivan 

roads. Some of these highways — 
Dispensationalism, Covenant Theol- 
ogy, Reformed Theology, Theonomy 
(also known as Reconstruction or 
Dominion Theology) — agree with 
our own Christological approach on 
essentials such as the substitution- 
ary atoning work of Christ, His 
death and resurrection. It is in 
broader areas of doctrine and prac- 
tice that we differ. 

To understand the impact of the 
Brethren starting point, let us look 
at how Theonomy approaches Scrip- 
ture. While both the Brethren ap- 
proach and Theonomy place great 
emphasis on the authority of God's 
word and the lordship of Christ, the 
similarities end there. 

Theonomy or Dominion Theology 
is a branch of Calvinism that has a 
unique twist in its approach to the 
Bible. It adheres to the usual Re- 
formed emphasis upon God's sover- 
eignty and elective purpose, but it 
takes a very different road in its 
approach to Old Testament law. 

Humanity created to rule 

The key verse for Theonomists is 
Genesis 1:26: "Let us make man in 
our image, in our likeness, and let 
them rule over the fish of the sea 
and the birds of the air, over the 
livestock, over all the earth, and 
over all the creatures that move 
along the ground" (niv). The impor- 
tant word in this verse is rule, or as 
it is rendered in the King James 
version — dominion. Thus the idea 
of "Dominion Theology." 

The concept of dominion has be- 
come a manifesto for an aggressive 
application of biblical standards to 
all of culture, politics, and religion. 
Theonomists believe that God cre- 
ated humanity to exercise domin- 
ion — delegated rule and owner- 
ship — over every aspect of creation. 
This dominion was lost when Adam 

sold his birthright to Satan for a lie. 
God disinherited Adam and his 
children following the Fall (Gen. 
1:26-28; 3:23). 

Dominion restored 

But Theonomists believe that the 
privilege of dominion was restored 
when Jesus Christ reclaimed man's 
birthright. He did this by living as 
a man in perfect conformity to 
God's law, dying on the cross as 
man's substitute, and rising victori- 
ously from the dead. He then gave 
this dominion to His people through 
a New Testament or Covenant, 
transferring His inheritance to the 
lawful heirs or faithful believers. 
Christians regain the Dominion 
Mandate through Christ (Matt. 

Because the Dominion Mandate 
(Gen. 1:26) is their starting point, 
Theonomists give equal authority 
to the Old and New Testaments. 
This is very different from the 
Brethren view of biblical revelation 
as progressive and culminating in 
Jesus Christ. Their view of the two 
Covenants as equal leads Theono- 
mists to conclude that Old Testa- 
ment case law — that is, the moral 
and legal aspects of biblical law — 
remains applicable to today's world. 
Biblical law is seen as a liberating 
force for people and society, for pol- 
itics, economics, culture, science, 
education, and religion. 

Theonomy seeks to reform soci- 
ety through the proclamation of the 
gospel and the imposition of bibli- 
cal law. One of their theologians, 
Gary North, has written, "How can 
we disciple the earth if we are not 
running it?" (Liberating Planet 
Earth, Dominion Press, p. 25). Un- 
believers and an apostate state 
must be replaced with Bible-believ- 
ing Christians. He writes: "The way 
to regain the ground we have lost is 


"For Brethren, the starting point is Christ. Our entire understand- 
ing of Scripture, Old Testament included, is filtered through the 
life and teaching of Jesus Christ.'* 

by becoming knowledgeable and in- 
volved in the ordering of earth's 
governments, including civil gov- 
ernment" (ibid., p. 25). Dominion is 
God's assignment to humanity; He 
wants Christians to control the 
earth on His behalf (Gen. 1:26; 
Matt. 28:18-20). 

Interesting conclusions 

This line of reasoning has led to 
some interesting conclusions. Old 
Testament case law would require 
that adultery be penalized as a capital 
offense; stoning would be an appro- 
priate punishment for disobedient 
children; welfare recipients would 
learn the work ethic as indentured 
servants; and Christians would be 
justified in using force to oppose op- 
pressive governments. Where one 
begins in approaching Scripture de- 
termines one's conclusions. 

For Brethren, the starting point 
is Christ. Our entire understanding 
of Scripture, Old Testament in- 
cluded, is filtered through the life 
and teaching of Jesus Christ. God's 
eternal purpose begins with Jesus 
Christ (Eph. 1:9); His revelation 
culminates in Christ and finds com- 
plete fulfillment in Him (Heb. 1:1- 
2). The New Testament, God's final 
and complete revelation in Christ, 
takes precedence over the Old and 
interprets it. Christ's commands 
supersede the law. 

"His [Christ's] teaching, not 
the law, becomes the cor- 
nerstone for the life and 
ministry of the church." 

The resulting conclusions are very 
different. Instead of a legal system 
of morality imposed upon people, a 
new law written on the heart by the 
indwelling Christ becomes the dy- 
namic of a redeemed community (Jer. 
31:31-34; Heb. 10:12-18). Obedi- 
ence flows from a heart captured by 
God's love and grace. Jesus Christ 
as Lord becomes our example for 
life and our interpretive model in 


approaching the Bible. His teach- 
ing, not the law, becomes the cor- 
nerstone for the life and ministry of 
the church. 

The law, instead of transforming 
humankind, can only condemn us, 
exposing our sin and disobedience 
in the flesh, which has no power to 
obey (Rom. 3:20; 8:3-4). God's pur- 
pose in Old Testament law was to 
clearly demonstrate to human be- 
ings their need for a salvation be- 
yond anything they could do for 
themselves. The law is a tutor that 
brings us to Christ (Gal. 3:24). 

If the law is powerless to produce 
righteous people, it is also impotent 
to transform society into a Chris- 
tian kingdom. Sin is as much a cul- 
tural and national problem as it is 
an individual one. The road we take 
in interpreting Scripture will lead 
us to specific biblical solutions to 
the sinfulness of society. 

Beginning with Christ, we dis- 
cover that God has established a 
New Covenant and abolished the 
Old in the process (Heb. 8:6-13; 
Rom. 10:4). It is not law that hu- 
manity needs, but the transforming 
power of the indwelling Christ 
(Rom. 12:2; 2 Cor. 3:18). God's 
grace and forgiveness are offered as 
a replacement for condemnation 
and judgment. 

A redeemed community 

The church is called to be a re- 
deemed community, in the world 
but not of it. When the church, as 
the church, invests its energies try- 
ing to transform culture and poli- 
tics, it wastes precious God-given 

One example of this is the prolife 
movement. I am as much prolife as 
anyone. But a true Brethren re- 
sponse would be found in offering 
counsel, shelter, hope, and adoptive 
services to expectant mothers, 
rather than in staging protests in 
front of abortion clinics or in work- 
ing through political processes to 
change the laws. The Brethren way 
would be to lovingly offer an alter- 

native to the emptiness of today's 

Early Christians living in Roman 
cities would go about the streets at 
night rescuing unwanted babies who 
had been placed outside the doors 

"It is not law that human- 
ity needs, but the trans- 
forming power of the in- 
dwelling Christ. " 

of homes to die. They went into pris- 
ons to minister to men and women 
who had no hope. They offered food 
and shelter to the homeless and 
destitute. At the same time, they 
preached the Gospel of Christ as 
the only hope for humanity and in 
the process converted the hearts of 
their contemporaries and changed 
society. They did it as a church, not 
as a political or legal movement. 

A false gospel 

It is an appeal to a false gospel to 
attempt to redeem society before 
the heart of that society has been 
transformed by God's grace. The 
Brethren offered to the world a re- 
deemed community of believers liv- 
ing out Christ's commands before a 
fallen world. 

Brethren, we are a unique people 
precisely because our starting point 
for biblical interpretation is Christ. 
We all approach the Bible with pre- 
conceived ideas. It is only as we 
recognize the basis of these concep- 
tions that we can proceed with com- 
passion and grace to debate those 
things on which we differ. [ft] 

Correspondence Welcomed 

The members of the General Con- 
ference Executive Council's Commit- 
tee on Doctrine, Research, and Pub- 
lication invite readers to suggest topics 
or Bible passages to discuss in future 
articles in this column. Send ques- 
tions, comments, or suggestions to 
the committee in care of The Breth- 
ren Evangelist, 524 College Ave., 
Ashland, OH 44805. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

^publication, (fTthc Qrctkren, Romans Missionary Society 

July-August 1994 

Volume 7, Number 6 

ihc presidents ^ w 

Dear Ladies, 

Prayer — something that we usually 
take for granted. Lately, I have 
learned more than ever to depend on 
prayer and to realize what a powerful 
thing it is. 

My husband, Jim, had triple bypass 
surgery on April 14. At home he had 
been having chest pains and he reluc- 
tantly agreed to go to the hospital 
emergency room. After some tests, the 
doctor felt that Jim needed to go to 
Grant Medical Center in Columbus for 
a heart catheterization. 

My daughter and I followed the am- 
bulance in the car. It was dark and 
raining, and we were not familiar with 
Columbus. A nurse at the local hospi- 
tal had given us a map to follow in 
case we lost the ambulance in traffic. 
Well, the ambulance drove a little 
faster than my daughter cared to 
drive. So we both did some praying — 
for safety for us and for the ambu- 
lance, as we drove through traffic and 
rain. We arrived at the hospital at the 
same time as the ambulance. A heart 
catheterization was done in a couple of 
days and surgery followed. 

During that time we made many 
trips back and forth from Ashland to 
Columbus (IV2 hour drive). I did a lot 
of praying in the car, in the hospital 
room, and after arriving home safe and 
sound. I prayed as my children all 
traveled to the hospital from Ashland, 
North Carolina, and New Lebanon, 
Ohio. I have always prayed daily, but 
I believe during those many days, I 
was constantly in prayer. 

Jim is back at work now and doing 
great. His doctor said, in looking at his 
chest X-rays, you would never know 
he'd just had surgery. I know that the 
many prayers of friends all over the 
world helped with his healing. 

I could not exist a day without 
prayer — some quiet prayers and some 
prayers as I am on the run to one place 
or another. How thankful we can be 
that we have the privilege of prayer. 
(continued on page 4) 


Text: This is the confidence we have in approaching God: that 
if we ask anything according to His will, He hears us. 
And if we know that He hears us — whatever we ask — 
we know that we have what we asked of Him. 

I John 5:14-15 

This book by Evelyn Christenson 
was a reading circle book several years 
ago, and you may have a copy on your 
bookshelf. I do. I occasionally flip 
through the pages for a nugget, be- 
cause I use a yellow marker when I 
read, and the nuggets are easy to find. 

The author describes her method of 
presenting prayer seminars and the 
changes which occur in the church and 
in an individual's life. The stipulation 
is "according to His will." Re-reading 
the book is like a breath of fresh air! 

One section near the beginning is 
entitled "Not for Women Only," and 
describes the experience of teaching 
men and children how to pray (the 
women were already involved in 
prayer seminars). This is what we 
need — individuals who pray, then 
prayers spreading through families, 
into every facet of our church, and 
then through the denomination. 

I thought about this book during the 
WMS executive board meeting in May. 
So many prayer needs were mentioned 
during the day, and I thought, "What 
a ministry we have!" That day our 
prayers began, like tossing a pebble 
into the lake. Each of you can be a wid- 
ening circle in the "lake" of prayer, be- 
cause these urgent needs still exist. 
We need only to give God the concerns; 
He will do the rest. 

• Prasanth and Nirmala Kumar and 
Allen Baer — traveling mercies to 
General Conference. 

• Juan Carlos and Maria Miranda — 
relocating to South Carolina. 

• Ken and Carolyn Solomon and Dave 

and Diane Kerner, safety during 
political unrest. 

• Dave Kerner, recent laser eye 

• Charlie and Linda Beekley, for her 
continued healing and for growth of 
their congregation. 

• STAKE — Florida district church 
planting in Orlando area; need tent- 
makers and jobs for them. 

• Dick and Kitty Winfield — short- 
term service as teachers of English 
in China (June 25-August 23). 

• Kurt Stout — his missions intern- 
ship will be in India and Malaysia 
this fall. 

More details for these requests are 
included in Missionary Miscellany. 

What happens when men, women, 
youth, and children pray? Let's try it 
and find out. 

Now to Him who is able to do im- 
measurably more than all we ask or 
imagine, according to His power that is 
at work within us, to Him be glory in 
the church and in Christ Jesus through- 
out all generations, for ever and ever! 
Amen. Ephesians 3:20 



Prasanth and Nirmala Kumar, our 
Indian missionaries, will attend Gen- 
eral Conference. Unfortunately, their 
son, Sudhir, will not accompany his 
parents, as we originally hoped. After 
a number of attempts, his visitor's visa 
was denied. 

Allen Baer's three-month furlough 
will enable him to attend General Con- 
ference. Pray for his and the Kumars' 
safety and good health, as well as for 
the nationals in Argentina and India 
who will continue the ministry while 
the missionaries are here. 

Ken and Carolyn Solomon enjoyed a 
six -week visit with their families this 
spring. It was a good time for them to 
be in the U.S., due to the political un- 
rest in Colombia caused by the na- 
tional elections. 

Recently Dave Kerner had laser eye 
surgery. Continue your prayers for his 
complete recovery and for the safety of 
all the Kerner family. 

Juan Carlos and Maria Miranda are 
relocating to South Carolina, where 
Juan will teach in the International 
School of World Missions in Columbia 
and Maria will continue her radio pro- 

Florida is just one of the districts 
where church planting is a top prior- 
ity. Inter-district and intra-district ef- 
forts have established cooperative 
programs, giving finances and leader- 
ship to the new sites. 

The Winfields will teach English as 
a second language, as well as reading 
and writing development for education 
and business leaders in China. Their 
past experiences as teachers in Nigeria 
and their present ministry with inter- 
national students (Kitty teaches in the 
ACCESS program at Ashland Univer- 
sity and Dick is an active supporter of 
the program) qualify them for this 
short-term teaching assignment. We 
will miss them at Conference. 

Kurt Stout will be married in Au- 
gust to Heidi and they will spend the 
fall semester in India and Malaysia for 
part of Kurt's seminary education. 

Prayers of thanks are given for 
Linda Beekley's improvement, for 
Rickey and Glenda Bolden's baby 
daughter, Leah Marie, and for Jim 
Black's healing from triple bypass 

Missionaries for July are three fami- 
lies in Home Missions churches: Dave 
and Dawn West in Arizona; Daniel 
and Kathy Rosales in Florida; and 
(continued on page 4) 


Ladies, the WMS Executive Board 
selected the following books for your 
reading during 1994-95. From this list, 
we suggest each member read a min- 
imum of two books for spiritual growth. 
The books will be available at the 
WMS sessions of General Conference. 
Christian Living 

When the Glass Slipper Doesn't Fit 
by Claire Cloninger and Karia Worley; 

This book will make you laugh and 
cry, even coax a song from your lips. 
Ask God to teach you what Paul and 
Cinderella knew: that wherever you 
are, whatever you are doing, there is a 
reason to sing. 
Christian Concerns 

Prodigals and Those Who Love Them 
by Ruth Bell Graham; $9.99 

For all of those who wander in the 
night and wait with the light on. A 
balm to hurting hearts. 
Christian Novel 

Not My Will by Francena H. Arnold; 

Having sold more than 500,000 copies, 
Not My Will continues to inspire thou- 
sands, striking a responsive cord in 
every heart and sharing a message of 
hope and joy for those who are willing 
to surrender to the Lord. 

Making Sense of Life When Our Real 
Home Is Heaven by Steve Brown; $9.99 

Using the book of Philippians as a 
launching pad, this warmly inviting 
study shows how to be a citizen worthy 
of heaven while an earthly resident. 
Early Christians 

Deborah by James R. Shott; $6.95 

Needing a wise and capable judge, 
Israel turns to Deborah, to whom God 
has clearly granted wisdom. But Deb- 
orah is a woman in a nation which 
sees women as mothers, housewives, 
helpmates of their husbands, not 
judges and leaders. 

New Song in the Andes by John 
Maust; $9.95 

Missionary work went on among the 
Quichuas for decades with little, if any, 
fruit. Then God, by His Holy Spirit, 
broke through, and an incredible har- 
vest began. (For many years, Mr. Maust 
wrote for The Brethren Evangelist.) 

Slivers From the Cross by Brad Hill 
with Ruth Hill; $7.95 

Here are trials and doubts, hopes 
and heartaches — the refreshingly 
honest chronicles of people who have 
taken up the cross of Christ. 

fk l\dmoriant 

Precious in the sight of the Lord is the 
death of his saints. Psalm 116:15 


March 3, 1917 - April 26, 1994 

One of the ladies whom we always 
saw at General Conference will look on 
us from her new heavenly home. Helen 
Shively moved from earth to heaven 
April 26. 

Helen was synonymous with Confer- 
ence. Last year she was honored for 
attending 76 Brethren General Confer- 
ences. Her mother, Mrs. U. J. (Nora) 
Shively, was the WMS president from 
1919-24 and again from 1926-52. 
Helen attended and soon participated. 
She was well-trained in Sisterhood of 
Mary and Martha. In 1954 she was ap- 
pointed Literature Secretary of the 
WMS, having served as the assistant 
secretary for seven years, and she con- 
tinued in that position until 1987. 

Helen was the reference librarian at 
Ashland University, a member of the 
WMS Faith Circle, the Truthseekers 
Sunday School Class, and the Park 
Street Brethren Church in Ashland. 
She had a host of friends and was a 
"member" of many families. 

All of us are grateful to God for 
Helen's life, her friendship, her kind- 
nesses, and the ways she expressed 
her love for the Lord. 

A gift from the WMS will be given to 
the Seminary in Helen's memory. 


Published bimonthly in January, 
March, May, July, September, and No- 
vember by the Woman's Missionary 
Society of The Brethren Church. 

Mrs. Dorman Ronk, Editor 
1325 Coachman Court 
Ashland, Ohio 44805 

Subscription price, $7.50 per year in 

Send all subscriptions to Mrs. Robert 
Kroft, 608 Twp. Road 1151, RD 5, Ash- 
land, OH 44805 

Woman's Outlook Newsletter 

— Place the January-February 
Newsletter (the Directory issue) inside 
the back cover of the Devotional Guide. 
This keeps your WMS information to- 
gether and is easy to find. 

— The Lanark Friendship Circle 
sponsored a special ministry Friday, 
April 29, for all high school students at 
a special assembly in the Eastland 
High School in Lanark. Lisa Schmide- 
camp, the daughter of one of the Lan- 
ark members, is an emergency room 
nurse in a Chicago hospital. She also 
participates on a volunteer basis in a 
program called ENCARE — Emer- 
gency Nurses Cancel Alcohol Related 
Emergencies. Lisa presented a 45- 
minute program for the students. 

The Emergency Nurses CARE Pro- 
gram centered around a slide presen- 
tation that showed accident victims 
being treated in an ER Trauma Cen- 
ter. It graphically depicted the dangers 
associated with drinking and driving. 
Many of the scenes were not pretty, 
but Lisa presented them with sensitiv- 
ity and dignity. She accompanied the 
slides with a narrative that described 
the physiological effects of alcohol, the 
nature of the injuries caused in drink- 
ing and driving crashes, and the med- 
ical treatment and care of surviving 

Lisa also touched upon the social 
consequences of these accidents, em- 
phasizing how very frequently victims 
are severely limited from leading nor- 
mal lives; particularly, the extremely 
disruptive impact of family life which 
often ensues. The students were en- 
couraged not to drink and to consider 
alternatives to operating a vehicle 
while under the influence of alcohol. A 
brochure depicting fun without alcohol 
was distributed to the students. 

The following Sunday during the 
worship service, Joyce Michael, pres- 
ident, told the congregation of this spe- 
cial ministry. Envelopes were provided 
and an offering for Ashland Theologi- 
cal Seminary was received. 

— The Tucson ladies respond to the 
monthly roll call with a Scripture 
verse each has learned during the 

— The Faith, Hope, and Joy Circles 
and the Mothers' Club sponsored a 
unique all-girls picnic at the Ashland 
Park Street Church in May. Ginny 
Hoyt reported the theme was This is 
My Father's World" and the fellowship 

July-August 1994 


hall was decorated as if we were hav- 
ing a picnic outside. Beautiful silk sun- 
flowers were the centerpieces with 
smaller pots of sunflowers. These we 
learned were really "Dirt Dessert" 
served in a clay flower pot (lined with 
plastic wrap), delicious pudding cov- 
ered with a thick layer of chocolate 
cooky crumbs and a few gummy worms 
positioned just right! But before we 
had dessert, a picnic supper of chicken, 
green beans, and parsleyed potatoes 
was served by the men of the church. 

The ladies sang the hymn, This is 
My Father's World" and "Arky, Arky," 
complete with hand motions (which 
pleased the girls, especially). The 
guest speakers were Jane Schnelker 
and Vicki Miller, who are Wildlife Re- 
habilitators near Mansfield. They de- 
scribed their care of wounded or 
orphaned birds and animals until each 
is ready to return to nature. They 
brought two which were recovering 
from injured wings — a great horned 
owl and a screech owl. This was a new 
aspect of Our Father's World. 

— The Huntington Society makes 
benevolent contacts each month. In 
March 123 calls were made and 118 in 
February. What a boon to their pastor! 

— Saturday evening, May 7, 45 
women and girls of the Williamstown 
Church gathered for their annual ban- 
quet. DeAnn Oburn described the 
carry-in meal, which was delicious, 
combined with fellowship. It was even 
more enjoyable because the men 
served and did all the clean-up! 

After the meal, the ladies moved to 
the sanctuary for the program. Bar- 
bara Main, president, welcomed every- 
one. A short reading, "Mother of the 
Bride," from Robert Fulghum's book It 
Was on Fire When I Lay Down on It, 
was given by DeAnn. Matha Schleinitz 
of Pleasant Hill spoke on "Houses Full 
of All Good Things." Using Deuter- 
onomy 6:11 as her text, she encour- 
aged us in our "family walk" with God, 
stressing that we need to place more 
importance on Him in our family life 
than on the things that we have and 
do as families. 

The ladies concluded the evening 
with the hymn, "Faith of our Mothers," 
and with prayer. 

— The Huntington WMS presented 
Jeff and Joan Sherlock, former mis- 
sionaries to Macau, East Asia, and 
now at Huntington College, for their 
public service in March. Joan told of 
her work with the Chinese Women's 

Fellowship and her music ministry at 
the Macau Living Waters Church. In 
Macau, Jeff directed the English Lan- 
guage Program. He enjoyed teaching 
the Chinese people to speak English. 
He spoke of the importance of being 
prepared to witness for our Savior and 
sharing our love for Him with others, 
when we are given the opportunity. 

— The Milledgeville Brethren Bea- 
cons wore their self-designed Easter 
bonnets at the April meeting. The 
judges rated the bonnets as follows: 
prettiest, Evelyn Hanna; silliest, Lu- 
cile Woessner; oldest, Lorraine Dennis; 
most original, Dorothy Ruth Glenn; 
most becoming, Lillian Thorngren. 

They made a Precious Moments 
quilt top for quilting at Conference. 

— At the February meeting members 
of the Lanark Friendship Circle 
brought large shoe boxes, to be packed 
for the college students from their con- 
gregation. Each member also brought 
1 or 2 items for each box: snacks 
(candy, chips, homemade cookies, mi- 
crowave popcorn) and school supplies 
(Post-it Notes, stamps, highlighters, 
pens, bookmarks). Everyone signed 
the card to include in each box. The 
boxes were mailed to arrive the week 
of Valentine's Day. This is an annual 
project, between 13-15 are mailed 
each year. This reminds the students 
they are missed and loved! 

'District Qoinns 

Conference was held April 23. Susan 
Kidd reported that the district offering 
combined with the fall ingathering for 
the Krypton Brethren Church totaled 
$1,243. Lois Sluss, the pastor's wife, 
reported the church is moving to a 
regular church status; their average 
attendance is 60. This calls for a 
prayer of praise! Next year's project is 
the Southeast Christian Fellowship in 
Washington with Pastor Rickey 

For the program, the Hagerstown 
ladies gave inspirational presentations 
about Living for Jesus in different set- 
tings; such as, homemaking, secretary, 
the business world, nursing, and 
teaching. Different women from the 
audience shared in each of these areas. 
Doris Barnett led the group in singing 
"Living for Jesus." 


Kitty Winfield and Donna Stoffer 
are the WMS representatives to the 
Missionary Board. President Shirley 
Black invited Kitty to give a Mission 
Board update when the women met 
May 7. 

— Sudhir Kumar's application for a 
visa was denied; therefore, he will not 
be with his parents, Prasanth and Nir- 
mala Kumar, this summer. 

— At its budget meeting in Novem- 
ber, the Missionary Board had to cut 
programs because of increased costs. 
Kitty stated that giving to missions is 
not less, but costs are more. The 
women are concerned for the contin- 
uation of Maria Miranda's radio pro- 
gram. The Fuller Evangelistic Associa- 
tion sponsors a large portion of the 
program, and it is hoped that various 
ministries of The Brethren Church can 
underwrite the remainder. The Mis- 
sionary Board support continues 
through June 1994. 

— The ladies discussed the two WMS 
publications. The new study theme, 
which Jeanette Sullivan has developed 
in the Devotional Guide, is "A Legacy 
of Faith." The Newsletter needs news 
from each society in order to fulfill its 
purpose — being a communicator. Re- 
ports of benevolent work, Mother and 
Daughter gatherings, special activi- 
ties, and comments about your meet- 
ings are welcomed. 

— We discussed goals. We chuckled 
over the struggle some societies have 
in still planning a public service. Last 
year that goal was changed. No longer 
do you have to have a public service! 
Goal 4 is "Sponsor a special ministry, 
service, or activity in which (a) The 
purpose of WMS is promoted, and (b) 
An offering is received for the Sem- 
inary." This is one way in which we 
fulfill part of the purpose of WMS: 
"disseminate the principles of Chris- 
tianity" by helping to prepare future 
pastors, teachers, and missionaries. 
Hence, our annual offering. 

— Discussed changes in the Consti- 
tution for clarification. 

— We talked about money. These are 
methods some societies use for money- 
raising: friendship basket, mite boxes, 
unified budget, auctions, and offerings. 
And then someone asked, "Why do we 
have so many offerings?" This, too, is 
part of the purpose of WMS: "to raise 
funds for enlarging the borders of the 

The Board will meet Monday after- 
noon, August 8, before General Confer- 
ence. If you have questions, comments, 
and suggestions, please send them to 
Shirley Black, president, or to me, 
Newsletter editor. 

Missionary Miscellany continued 

Mario and Laura Fuentes in Califor- 
nia. The August missionaries are Tim 
and Jan Eagle and Todd and Tracy 
Ruggles in Mexico. 

Dan and Ann DeVeny have relocated 
to Dan's new assignment. Their ad- 
dress is Chaplain and Mrs. Daniel J. 
DeVeny, 112 Coachman Drive, York- 
town, Virginia 23693. 

President's Pen (continued) 

What a comfort it is to know that we 
can pray about a need and leave it in 
the hands of our wonderful Lord. Our 
pastor preached one Sunday on "Fix 
Your Eyes on Jesus." He is to be our 
model, our pattern, and our priority. If 
life has been difficult lately, try spend- 
ing some time with Jesus. He's our 

It will soon be time for our annual 
Conference in Ashland. This past year 
has gone by so quickly. We will have 
two business sessions plus our WMS 
luncheon Thursday noon. It will be a 
light meal, since the Missionary Board 
banquet is at 5:00 that same evening. 

Nirmala Kumar will be with us and 
will bring greetings from the Brethren 
in India. Plan to be a part of the Con- 
ference. The project offering will be 
taken after the Thursday luncheon. Our 
project is year one of a two-year en- 
dowment to train workers in Malaysia. 

I look forward to seeing you at Con- 

In Christian Love, 



August 8-12, 1994 

The Conference schedule is not as 
usual, due to a special and important 
outreach workshop for the General 
Conference on Wednesday. This is the 
WMS meeting schedule: 

Tuesday: 1:30-4:30 business 
Thursday: 12:00-2:00 luncheon; 
cost is $6.25 
2:15-^4:30 business 

The quilt and several contributed 
items will be auctioned off Thursday 

Joan Merrill has updated the Service 
Guide. Two copies per society will be 
available. Devotional Guides and mem- 
bership lists will also be distributed. 

The WMS Project Offering is funds 
for Endowment for training leaders in 

Two-year goal: $25,000 

Ik 'Editor's Sidma 

Dear Friend, (J 

Studies show that up to 75 percent 
of communication is ignored, misun- 
derstood, or forgotten. In case this is 
true for us, some items are mentioned 
and then elaborated on for extra em- 
phasis. We don't want you to overlook 
Conference plans and we do want to 
inform you about the WMS board 
meetings, which explains why we will 
make some recommendations. 

After Conference, please return your 
membership list and dues to Joanne 
Kroft. In fact, all money for national 
WMS (dues, project and thank-offerings, 
world relief, seminary) throughout the 
year comes to Joanne. Make all checks 
payable to National WMS and send to 
Joanne Kroft. As financial secretary, she 
credits your society for the offering 
and JoAnn Seaman, treasurer, dis- 
burses the funds. 

Of course, district dues and offerings 
go to your district treasurer. 

It's true, we do talk alot about money, 
but think what we do with it. Our of- 
ferings go where we can't: to world 
missions in India, Malaysia, Colombia, 
Argentina, Paraguay, Mexico, and Peru; 
to home mission churches and church 
planting sites, to the orphanage in In- 
dia, for seminary training in Malaysia, 
Ashland University Campus Christian 
Ministry, Riverside Christian Training 
School, Ashland University scholar- 
ship, Ashland Theological Seminary, and 
to the publications. We women stretch 
the dollar as much as possible! 

When Mr. Norman Edwards, the 
consultant who worked with the Spe- 
cial Committee on Organization and 
Finance for the denomination, sur- 
veyed the finances of the denomina- 
tion, he recommended a revival in the 
area of biblical stewardship. And 
Larry Burkett, the Christian financial 
planner, reported that two-thirds of 
Jesus' parables talk about money. 
Jesus always used material things, 
like money, as His primary tool for 
teaching. And furthermore, in 1887 
"the (Conference) delegates authorized 
the women to form a national society 
for raising funds to send an evangelist 
among the churches." So wrote Jerry 
and Julie Flora in Faith and Fortitude. 

There are pros and cons on every 
issue: some people tithe, some don't; 
some give to The Brethren Church and 
its ministries, some don't. This is part 
of the problem — we Brethren need to 
support our Brethren ministries. 

Not only are we Women Meant to 
Serve, but we are also Wise and Moral 

Your friend, 

Woman's Outlook Newsletter 

General Conference Preview 

The 106th General Conference of 
The Brethren Church 

August 8-12 at Ashland University 

The annual gathering of Brethren for inspiration, fellowship, 
and business is fast approaching. A schedule of events and an 
introduction to the inspirational speaker were included in last 
month's Evangelist. On this and the following page is additonal 
information about this 106th General Conference. 


1 Peter 2:9 

Conference Moderator 

Rev. Russell Gordon, Director of U.S. Ministries 
and Church Growth for the Missionary Board of 
the Brethren Church, will moderate this summer's 
General Conference. He will present an address 
during the opening cele- 
bration on Monday eve- 
ning and preside over 
the business sessions 
on Tuesday, Thursday, 
and Friday mornings. 

Rev. Gordon (52) 
grew up in South Bend, 
Ind., where he became 
a member of the Ard- 
more First Brethren 
Church. He attended 
Ashland University, 
was ordained in 1967, 
and served Brethren 
pastorates in William- 
stown, Ohio (1963-68); Fort Scott, Kans. (1968-74); 
and Bradenton, Fla. (1974-1989). He has served in 
his present position with the Missionary Board 
since July 1989. This is his first stint as General 
Conference moderator, but he served as moderator 
of the Midwest District for two years and of the 
Florida District one year. 

Rev. Gordon is married to the former Sherrie 
Humphrey of Williamstown, Ohio. They have two 
sons, Ryan and David, and one granddaughter. 

Other Conference Highlights 

Thomas L. Youngblood, Director of U.S. Min- 
istries for the International Bible Society, will be 
the speaker at the Tuesday evening worship serv- 
ice and lead an all-Conference seminar, "Love Your 
Neighbor to Life," Wednesday morning and after- 
noon. More information and a picture of Mr. 
Youngblood were included in the June issue (p. 13). 

World Relief Soup Luncheon. Dr. Arthur E. 
Gay, Jr., president of World Relief of the National 
Association of Evangelicals, will be the speaker at 
the World Relief Soup Luncheon Tuesday noon of 
Conference. Dr. Gay, who served for 18 years as 

senior pastor of the South Park Church of Park 
Ridge, 111., before going to World Relief in 1991, 

will be no stranger to long- 
time Conference attenders, 
for he was the Conference in- 
spiration speaker in 1987. 
There is no charge for this 
luncheon (an offering will be 
taken), but Brethren who 
plan to attend are asked to 
make reservations (using the 
form on p. 15 of the June is- 
sue), so that adequate table- 
seating can be arranged. 

Concert of Prayer. Prayer — not talk about 
prayer but actual praying — will be the substance of 
the Wednesday evening service, as faculty and stu- 
dents from Ashland Theological Seminary lead the 
Brethren in a concert of prayer. Prayers of praise 
and adoration, thanksgiving, confession, and conse- 
cration as well as prayers for missions, leadership, 
and encouragement will be offered by those leading 
the concert and by those attending. Interspersed 
throughout the service will be music, both congre- 
gational singing and anthems by the seminary choir. 

Missionary Board Banquet and Program. A 

challenge to full-time Christian service in overseas 
or home missions will be the emphasis of the Mis- 
sionary Board Banquet and program on Thursday 
evening. Rickey Bolden, pastor of Southeast Chris- 
tian Fellowship (formerly the Washington, D.C., 
Brethren Church) is the scheduled speaker for the 
worship program following the banquet. A commis- 
sioning for the participants in STAKE, the innova- 
tive church-planting project in the Florida District, 
will also be held during this service. Brethren mis- 
sionaries Prasanth and Nirmala Kumar and Allen 
Baer, who will be at Conference, will also be fea- 
tured during the evening. (Reservations are required 
for the banquet, but the program is open to all.) 

New Moderator's Challenge. Rev. Reilly Smith, 
the 1995 moderator, will introduce next year's theme 
in a message during the final session of this year's 
Conference (at 10:45 a.m. on Friday). Rev. Smith is 
pastor of the Mulvane, Kans., Brethren Church, [ft] 

July/August 1994 


General Conference Preview 

Conference Business Sessions 

General Conference Executive Council (GCEC) will 
not be bringing any major proposal for delegate 
action at this General Conference. After spending 
much time considering The Brethren Church Finan- 
cial and Organizational Study" prepared by Norman 
L. Edwards, a Christian consultant from Seattle, 
Wash., GCEC decided it was not ready to present 
an organizational proposal for Conference action. 

Because of the magnitude and importance of the 
matters under consideration, GCEC wants to allow 
ample opportunity for imput and discussion by a 
large number of Brethren. Therefore, a time for 
guided, small-group brainstorming and discussion 
is planned for the Thursday morning business ses- 

sion. Delegates are urged to come to Conference 
with a clear and open mind and prepared by exten- 
sive prayer for divine insight. 

Local Church Goals. The only specific item of 
business to be presented to General Conference by 
GCEC is the Proposed 1995 Local Church Goals. 
Copies of these proposed goals were sent to pastors 
and moderators in Leadership Letter. 

Elections. An important part of the Conference 
business sessions is the election of members to 
Executive Council, commissions, and committees. 
This election will be held during the Tuesday ses- 
sion. Nominess for Executive Council and the com- 
missions are printed below. 

Nominees for General Conference 
Executive Council 

The following candidates have been submitted by the 
Nominating Committee. Those elected will serve a three- 
year term on the Executive Council (unless otherwise 
indicated). One person will be elected for each position. 
Delegates will have opportunity to make nominations 
from the floor on Tuesday morning. Before persons may 
be nominated, they shall have given prior consent to 
serve if elected. 

Moderator-Elect (Moderator in 1995-96). 

Dr. Richard E. Allison, Ashland, Ohio. Professor of Chris- 
tian Education at Ashland Theological Seminary. A for- 
mer pastor, he served as General Conference moderator 
in 1969. 

Member at Large 

Gerald Barr, Hagerstown, Md. Pastor of the Hager- 
stown First Brethren Church. Has served for several 
years as chair of the General Conference Church Polity 
Committee and a number of years as secretary-treasurer 
of the National Association of Brethren Church Elders. 

Mark Britton, Derby, Kans. Pastor of the Derby First 
Brethren Church. 

G. Emery Hurd, Cheyenne, Wyo. Pastor of the Chey- 
enne Brethren Church, he formerly chaired the Social 
Responsibilities Commission of The Brethren Church. 

Member at Large (to fill the one year remaining of 
the term of Rev. James Miller) 

Raymond Aspinall, Bryan, Ohio. Pastor of the Bryan 
First Brethren Church and former Brethren missionary 
(for 31 years) in Argentina. 

Plains Region Representative (Central and Indiana 

William Shipman, South Bend, Ind. Pastor of the Ard- 
more First Brethren Church. 

Dennis Sigle, Burlington, Ind. Pastor of the Burlington 
First Brethren Church. 

Jeanette Sullivan, Milledgeville, 111. Member (and wife 
of the pastor) of the Milledgeville Brethren Church and 
editor of the W.M.S. Devotional Guide. She has been a 
member of GCEC for the past 1 V<i years, completing the 
unexpired term of the late Rev. Mark Baker. 

Nominees for Brethren Church 
Ministries Commissions 

The General Conference Executive Council has selected 
the following persons for nomination to serve on Breth- 
ren Church Ministries commissions for 1994-95. Delegates 
may nominate from the floor persons for these positions. 
Those nominated shall have previously expressed their 
willingness to serve if elected and their ability to attend 
the two scheduled commission meetings on October 14- 
15, 1994, and March 17-18, 1995, in Ashland. 

Spiritual Formation Commission 

Rev. Brian Moore has been nominated to serve as chair 
of the Spiritual Formation Commission. Moore has been 
pastor of the St. James, Md., Brethren Church since 
1983. He has served on this commission since its forma- 
tion in 1992. He is completing work on a Doctor of Min- 
istry degree at Ashland Theological Seminary. Moore 
was General Conference moderator in 1981. 

Nominated for the four commission member positions are: 

Mrs. Carolyn Cooksey, librarian at Ashland University 
and a member of the commission since 1992. 

Dr. Jerry Flora, professor of New Testament and 
theology at Ashland Theological Seminary and a member 
of the commission since 1992. 

Mrs. Delores Keplinger, former public school teacher 
and member of the commission since 1992. 

Rev. Fred Brandon, pastor of the North Georgetown, 
Ohio, First Brethren Church, and formerly a member of 
the Worship Commission. 

Mr. Kurt Stout, senior at Ashland Theological Sem- 
inary and a member of the Leadership Development 
Commission since 1992. 

Miss Louise Waller, self-employed and serves as a 
Passing On the Promise co -coordinator for Northwest 
Brethren Chapel, Tucson, Ariz. 

Evangelism & Church Growth Commission 

Mrs. Cindy Smith is being nominated to chair the 
Evangelism & Church Growth Commission. Smith is an 
occupational therapist at St. Joseph Medical Center in 
Wichita, Kans., and recently completed her Bachelor of 
Science degree in human resources management. She is 
currently Midwest District secretary. She has served on 
the commission since 1993. (continued on next page) 


The Brethren Evangelist 



Preparing to distribute Bibles in Juarez, Mexico, are short-term mission team members (front, 
I. to r.) Katie Shepherd, Christina Godefrin, Kurt Stout, Beth Schwartzwalder, (back, I. to r.) two 
YWAM staff members, Sarah Cramer, Tawna Galbreath, Christy Van Duyne, and Michelle 
Mathews. Team members not shown are Jennifer Thomas, Jeff Gilmer, and Amber Corbitt. 

Eleven Young People Have "Awesome" Experience 
On Short-Term Missions Project to Juarez, Mexico 

He who began a good work in you will 
be faithful to complete it to the day of 
Jesus Christ. Philippians 1:6 

good work of the Holy Spirit in their 
lives during the Brethren-sponsored 
short-term missions project June 11-18 
to Juarez, Mexico. 

On June 8, eight young ladies from 
Indiana (Tawna Galbreath, Michelle 
Mathews, Sarah Cramer), Ohio (Katie 
Shepherd, Beth Schwartzwalder, Christy 

Van Duyne), Virginia (Amber Corbitt) 
and Florida (Christina Godefrin), along 
with their co-leaders Jeff Gilmer, Kurt 
Stout, and Jennifer Thomas, all met in 
Ashland to begin the two days of train- 
ing before going to Juarez. 

With a couple of exceptions, no one 
knew anyone else on the team before the 
trip. But at the end of the trip, Tawna 
Galbreath stated, "I gained new brothers 
and sisters rather than new friends." 

After a couple of days of orientation 

(continued from previous page) 

Nominated for the four commission 
member positions are: 

Rev. Stephen Cole, pastor of the New- 
ark, Ohio, Brethren Church and a mem- 
ber of the commission since 1993. 

Rev. Thomas Conrad, founding pas- 
tor of the Greenwood, Ind., Brethren 

Mrs. Cheryl Ennis, a Passing On the 
Promise co-coordinator for the Ardmore 
First Brethren Church, South Bend, Ind., 
and serves as a congregational advisor 
for another POtP congregation. 

Rev. Emery Hurd, pastor of the Chey- 
enne, Wyo., Brethren Church and for- 
mer chair of the Social Responsibilities 
Commission; also was state executive 
secretary of the Wyoming Billy Graham 

Leadership Development Commission 

Dr. Mary Ellen Drushal is nominated 
to chair the Leadership Development 

July/August 1994 

Commission. Dr. Drushal is academic 
dean and associate professor of Chris- 
tian education and church administra- 
tion at Ashland Theological Seminary. 
She has chaired the Spiritual Forma- 
tion Commission since 1992 and was 
General Conference moderator in 1990. 

Nominated for the four commission 
member positions are: 

Dr. James Hollinger, a surgeon from 
Goshen, Ind., and a member of the com- 
mission since 1992. 

Mrs. Sherry Van Duyne, director of 
Christian education of Ashland Park 
Street Brethren Church and a member 
of the commission since 1993. 

Mr. Roy Andrews, associate pastor of 
the Nappanee, Ind., First Brethren 

Mr. Jeff Gilmer, serving as a tent- 
maker at the Greenwood, Ind., Brethren 
Fellowship and co-leader of the short-term 
mission team to Mexico this summer. 

and team-bonding activities, we flew out 
of Cleveland airport on our way to 
Juarez. Many seeds were planted on our 
flight down and back. We were so ex- 
cited about the missions project that we 
told anyone who would listen where we 
were going and what we would be doing 
while in Juarez. 

Upon our arrival in El Paso, Texas, 
we picked up our rental van and met 
Kevin and Christy Donnelly, the Youth 
With A Mission (YWAM ) staff members 
who would lead our group and assist 
with translation during the week. 

God's presence was evident when we 
arrived in El Paso. When I went to pick 
up our 15-passenger van, the clerk told 
me we would not be allowed to take the 
van over the border due to a new policy 
with all rental agencies. When I ex- 
plained what we would be doing and 
showed him our confirmation number, 
he called the manager at home, and the 
manager gave us the okay to take the 
van over the border. The clerk said he 
couldn't explain why we were given the 
permission. No explanation was needed 
as far as I was concerned; God was with 
us and that was enough for me. 

Sunday through Tuesday, we worked 
at a church in a farming community on 
the south side of Juarez. On Sunday, we 
lead the entire worship service, with 
songs in Spanish and English, plus spe- 
cial music sung in Spanish by Kurt, Jeff, 
Christy, Katie, and Christina. Then the 
rest of the team presented puppet plays 
and skits. Kurt concluded the service 
with a message in English that was 
translated into Spanish. 

After the sermon, the pastor came up 
and told the congregation (with tears 
running down her face) how thankful 
she was for our group. She felt that God 
had sent us to encourage the members 
of the congregation, most of whom were 
young ladies about our same age. 

On Monday and Tuesday, we contin- 
ued working at the church building, 
doing cleaning and painting and also 
building a storage shed. 

On Wednesday, we helped YWAM staff 
around the Ministry Center, which was 
our home for the week in Juarez. We 
mixed concrete and helped put up a 
power pole, so that electricity could be 
run into the new building that would 
house YWAM staff and the free clinic for 
pregnant women and children. We also 
helped install ceiling fans to help cut 
down on the 107-degree heat we experi- 
enced throughout our stay. 

That evening we began to experience 

the strongest bond I believe any of us 

(continued on next page) 



Brethren who received degrees at seminary graduation on May 28 included (I. to 
r.) Rev. James F. Black, Sherry Van Duyne, Dr. Brenda Colijn, Jackie Rhoades, 
Brian Bolinger, (not pictured) Rev. Larry Baker, and Billy Hesketh. 

Seven Brethren Receive Degrees May 28th 
In Ashland Theological Seminary Ceremony 

Ashland, Ohio — Seven members of 
The Brethren Church received degrees 
from Ashland Theological Seminary on 
Saturday, May 28, during the seminary's 
annual commencement ceremony. 

Rev. Larry R. Baker, pastor of the 
South Bend, Ind., First Brethren 
Church, received a Master of Divinity 
degree. Rev. Baker did his residency 
work at the seminary some years ago 
and recently completed his project and 
some additional hours in order to re- 
ceive his degree. For his project, he wrote 
the leader's manual for Reaching Out in 
Word and Deed, one of the units of study 

in the Passing On the Promise process. 

Rev. James F. Black, senior pastor of 
The Brethren Church in New Lebanon, 
Ohio, received the Doctor of Ministry 
degree. This is his second degree from 
ATS; he received the Master of Divinity 
degree in 1984. His doctoral disserta- 
tion was on conflict in the church. 

Brian L. Bolinger, a member of the 
University Church in Ashland, received 
the Master of Divinity degree. While in 
seminary, he served as an intern for the 
University Church. His future plans are 
for service as a church planter in Wash- 
ington State. (continued next column) 

(continued from page 13) 
have ever known. The presence of the 
Holy Spirit was so strong that we were 
able to share our deepest hurts and re- 
veal our inner selves. We became a true 
community of believers and of prayer, 
enabling us to encourage one another 
throughout the week. 

On Thursday, the team went to 
YWAM's orphanage and got to play and 
work with the children. We shared our 
skits and puppet shows, which the chil- 
dren loved. During our stay at the or- 
phanage at least two team members felt 
God's call to minister to children in an 
orphanage setting. One of the two in 
particular said that she wants to go 
back to Juarez to work at this orphan- 
age, and another team member said 
that she feels called to the mission field 
as a result of this project. 

Friday provided yet another awesome 
experience for the team, when we went 

out to distribute Spanish Bibles and to 
invite people to our special evening 
church service. We got a chance to prac- 
tice our Spanish, and we also distrib- 
uted more than 60 Bibles. As a result, 
more than 60 people attended the serv- 
ice, instead of the usual 15-20. By the 
end of the service, several people had 
come forward for prayer by the team. 

God did some amazing works during 
this project. Everyone who participated 
wants to go back next year. Our team 
learned that no matter what, God loves 
us, and we don't have to prove anything 
to gain His love. God loves us because 
He made us a new creation. 

I personally want to thank the Breth- 
ren Church for giving me the opportu- 
nity to co-lead this awesome team. I also 
want to thank everyone who prayed for 
and supported us during this project. 
The Holy Spirit was definitely with us. 
— Jennifer Thomas 

Brenda B. Colijn, a member of Smoky 
Row Brethren Church in Columbus, Ohio, 
received a Master of Arts degree (with 
an interdisciplinary major in New Tes- 
tament and theology). Dr. Colijn (she 
has a Ph.D. in English in addition to her 
seminary degree) is an adjunct instruc- 
tor at ATS and also does free-lance work 
in computer-based training. She is a 
frequent writer for the Evangelist. 

William (Billy) A. Hesketh, a former 
member of the Pleasant View Brethren 
Church in Vandergrift, Pa., and now a 
member and Pastor of Children and 
Youth Ministries at the Jefferson 
Brethren Church in Goshen, Ind., re- 
ceived a Master of Arts degree in Chris- 
tian Education. 

Vivian (Jackie) Rhoades, a member of 
Ashland Park Street Brethren Church, 
received a Master of Arts degree with a 
concentration in biblical studies. She is 
currently employed part time as secre- 
tary and newsletter editor at the North- 
ern Ohio District Office of the Church of 
the Brethren. 

Sherry L. Van Duyne, a member of the 
Ashland Park Street Brethren Church, 
received a Master of Arts degree in 
Christian Education. She is employed 
as Coordinator of Christian Education 
for Park Street Church. 

A total of 137 degrees were conferred 
by the seminary. 

Winfields to Spend Summer 
Teaching English in China 

Ashland, Ohio — Richard and Kay Win- 
field will spend seven weeks in July and 
August in China. 

The Winfields will teach English at 
the Guangdong Education College in the 
city of Guangzhou (Canton) in Guang- 
dong Province of China. They will be 
members of a team of eight Americans 
teaching Chinese high school English 
teachers at this college under the aus- 
pices of the English Language Institute/ 
China of San Dimas, California. 

"Kitty" Winfield is an instructor at 
Ashland University, where she teaches 
English to international students in the 
ACCESS program. Dick is Editor of Pub- 
lications (including the Evangelist) for 
The Brethren Church. The General 
Conference Executive Council granted 
him a two-month continuing-education 
leave in order to go to China. He will 
return to the U.S. in time to complete 
the September issue. 

A time of prayer setting aside the 
Winfields for special service in China 
was conducted at Park Street Brethren 
Church on June 19 by Pastor Arden 
Gilmer and Rev. James R. Black. 


The Brethren Evangelist 


Perspectives on the Lord's Supper is Theme of 
Believers' Church Conference Hosted by ATS 

Ashland, Ohio — 'The Lord's Supper: 
Believers' Church Perspectives" was 
the theme of the eleventh Believers' 
Church Conference, held June 1-4 at 
Ashland Theological Seminary . 

The object of the Believers' Church 
conferences, which began in 1967, has 
been to bring together representatives 
of various churches that practice believ- 
ers' baptism in order to study and dis- 
cuss issues of common interest. This 
conference was both planned and 
hosted by Ashland Seminary. 

The conference was framed in wor- 
ship, beginning with a worship service 
in the University Chapel on Wednesday 
evening and ending with a devotional 
time in the seminary chapel on Satur- 
day morning. Jerry Flora led devotions 
each day of the conference. 

On Wednesday evening, Myron Augs- 
burger was the main speaker, and the 
Believers' Church choir, directed by Ron 
Sprunger, led the congregation in mu- 
sic. The choir was composed of members 
of many different churches, some local 
but others some distance away. 

Topics addressed at the conference 
included biblical and historical over- 
views of the practice of the Lord's Sup- 
per, the theology of the Lord's Supper, 
the relationship between the Lord's 
Supper and our view of the church, the 
relationship of the Lord's Supper to our 
doctrine of last things, and the Brethren 
practice of Threefold Communion. 

Several of the speakers who were not 
from the Brethren tradition argued that 
Believers' churches should restore the 
New Testament form of Communion, 
especially the agape meal. Some even 
argued for the practice of footwashing. 
One speaker stated that only the Breth- 
ren among the Believers' churches have 
observed the New Testament form. As 
part of the conference, attenders par- 
ticipated in an observance of Threefold 
Communion at Park Street Brethren 
Church, led by Dr. Fred Finks. 

The seminary was well-represented 
at the conference. Dale R. Stoffer and 
Ben Witherington, III, presented pa- 
pers. Conveners of sessions included 
Richard Allison, David Baker, Brenda 

Colijn, Mary Ellen Drushal, Luke 
Keefer, John Shultz, and Jody Watson. 
Speakers from outside the seminary 
included Everett Ferguson, William 
Estep, Merle Strege, Donald Durn- 
baugh, Robert Clouse, Jeff Bach, Chris 
Thomas, and Marlin Jeschke. Besides 
Brethren, Mennonites, Baptists, and 
Pentecostals, members of several other 
denominations — including Disciples of 
Christ, Quaker, Seventh Day Advent- 
ist, Free Methodist, Moravian, and 
AME — gave their distinctive perspec- 
tives to the discussion. Representatives 
of the Catholic and Russian Orthodox 
traditions also engaged in dialogue with 
the participants. 

— reported by Brenda Colijn 

[Our] core problem is not that we are 
too passionate about bad things, but 
that we are not passionate enough about 
good things. 

— Larry Crabb in Finding God 
(ZondervanPublishingHouse, 1993) 

The Bible is a book of paradoxes. If we 
want to live, we must die to self. If we 
want to achieve greatness, we must hum- 
ble ourselves and become servants. If 
we desire to receive, we must first give. 
— Charles Stanley in A Touch of His Peace 
(ZondervanPublishingHouse, 1 993) 

Margaret Lowery Scholarship 
Guidelines Announced 

Margaret Lowery served for nearly 40 years in the Kryp- 
ton, Kentucky, area as a Brethren home missionary. When 
Margaret died, moneys were contributed by family and 
friends for use as a scholarship fund for a young person 
living in the area where Margaret served. The guidelines for 
this scholarship were recently completed, and announce- 
ment of the scholarship is being made in the Krypton area. 
The guidelines are being printed here so that Brethren 
across the denomination may be aware of this scholarship. 

The Margaret Lowery Scholarship is made possible 
by the family and friends of Margaret Lowery. Margaret 

served as a missionary, nurse, 
and educator at Krypton, Ky., 
from 1953-1990 under the aus- 
pices of the Missionary Board of 
the Brethren Church, Ashland, 
Ohio. She served in 4-H, Scout- 
ing, and various other outreach 
ministries. She influenced the 
lives of countless persons and 
always desired to see young 
people continue to prepare for 
life through education. 

A post-high-school scholar- 
ship will be granted to a senior 
y, j student graduating from the 

Buckhorn High School, Perry 
County Central High School, or Riverside Christian High 
School. It will be called the Margaret Lowery Scholarship. 

To be eligible for the scholarship, a student must live in 
the Krypton community or Krypton voting precinct. A 
student whose family has lived in the Krypton community 
but now lives in a neighboring community and maintains 
close ties and frequent communication with the Krypton 
community is also eligible to receive the scholarship. The 
Krypton Brethren Church may assist the school in deter- 
mining the eligibility of a student. The scholarship will be 
considered on the basis of need for financial assistance, 
potential for leadership, interest in youth work, Christian 
character values, and absence of substance abuse. 

The scholarship may be for attendance at a college, a 
vocational school, or a trade business training center. It will 
be granted to students from the three high schools on a 
three-year rotating basis. If agreeable to the schools, a 
school may postpone its turn to receive the scholarship for 
one year. 

The choice of recipient will be made by the administra- 
tion and staff of each high school. 

Scholarship moneys will be kept in escrow in an appro- 
priate financial institution. The scholarship granted each 
year will consist of the interest gained from the principal 
each calendar year. 

In the event that the scholarship would cease to be 
granted, the money remaining would become the property 
of the Missionary Board of the Brethren Church for use as 
this board desired. 

Contributions to the Scholarship Fund may be made 
through Krypton Brethren Church, HC 30, Box 1050, Kryp- 
ton, KY 41754; or they may be sent to the Missionary Board 
of the Brethren Church, 524 College Ave., Ashland, OH 

— reported by Rev. James Sluss 

July/August 1994 



Opening the Kingdom with Love and Prayer 
Is Theme of Indiana District Conference 

Shipshewana, Ind. — "Opening the 
Kingdom with the Keys of Love and 
Prayer" was the theme of the Indiana 
District Conference, held June 3-4 at 
the Brethren Retreat Center under the 
leadership of the moderator, Rev. Jim 

Following afternoon auxiliary ses- 
sions, the full conference began on Fri- 
day evening with a worship service. 
Rev. Brad Hardesty led singing that 
was interspersed with periods of prayer, 
and then Dr. G. William Benz, president 
of Ashland University, brought a mes- 
sage. He gave a challenge for Christians 
to combine "being" with "doing." 

The business portion of the confer- 
ence was held on Saturday. Moderator 
Thomas set the stage for business by 
sharing a message on the theme of the 
conference. He also presented five rec- 
ommendations: (1) that every church 
now involved in Passing On the Promise 
or some other evangelistic training pro- 
gram continue with renewed vigor; (2) 
that every church not pursuing such a 
course begin doing so; (3) that every 
church conduct a series of services em- 
phasizing the necessity of exemplifying 
Christ-like love; (4) that every church 

conduct a series of services emphasizing 
prayer as it pertains to strengthening 
the saints and spreading the gospel; (5) 
that every church hold at least one spe- 
cial fund-raising event to help raise 
funds for church-planting in the Indi- 
ana District. The conference adopted 
his recommendations 

Rev. Jim Black, Executive Director of 
the national Missionary Board, thanked 
the conference for prayers for his health 
during his recent surgery, then gave a 
report of Brethren World Missions. Rev. 
Russ Gordon, Director of U.S. Minis- 
tries and Church Growth for the Mis- 
sionary Board, reported on Brethren 
mission outreach here is the U.S. Then, 
putting on his hat as General Confer- 
ence moderator, he distributed a report 
from Rev. Ron Waters, Director of 
Brethren Church ministries. He also 
encouraged everyone to attend General 
Conference in August. 

Dave Cooksey, Director of Pastoral 
Ministries for The Brethren Church, ex- 
horted the conference to be involved in 
kingdom business, not just church 
work. Paul Sluss gave a report from 
Ashland Theological Seminary, includ- 
ing the news that nearly 40 Brethren 

Raystown Shows Appreciation 
To Pastor Alfred Chamberlain 

Saxton, Pa. — Members of the Rays- 
town Brethren Church held a surprise 
appreciation day on Sunday, May 15, 
for Pastor Alfred Chamberlain and his 

Like many Brethren gatherings, the 

Pastor Alfred and Bonnie Chamberlain 
sons Travis (I.) and Chris (r.), with the gifts 
received on Pastor Appreciation Day. 

event began with good food, at a fellow- 
ship meal after the morning worship 
service. Following the meal, Penny 
Weimert emceed a program in honor of 
the Chamberlain family. 

The program included a question and 
answer game about the life of Pastor 
and Mrs. Chamberlain; expressions of 
appreciation and encouragement for the 
pastor and his family; and presentation 
of gifts. Among the gifts given to 
the family were several gag gifts, 
including: a bottle of bubble liquid, 
to help them remember the bubbly 
spiritual times in their lives; bath 
beads for Mrs. Chamberlain, to 
help her relax since she is always 
on the go; a back scrubber and soap 
for the pastor, to help relieve back 
aches after a hard day's work 
blacktopping driveways and park- 
ing lots. A bottle of aspirin for son 
Travis, who graduated from high 
school in June, and now the head- 
aches begin; and bubble gum in a 
snuff can for son Chris, just in case 
he's tempted to chew snuff. 

The program concluded with a 

circle of prayer for the pastor, his 

family, and the Raystown Church. 

— reported by Susan Weimert 


students are enrolled in ATS programs. 

Reports from various district officers 
and ministries were received, and elec- 
tions were held. Steve Williams also 
presented the need for the district to 
adopt restated Articles of Incorporation 
in order to keep pace with changes in 
the law. 

At the beginning of the afternoon ses- 
sion, the Missions Ministry gave a pres- 
entation on planting churches in the 
U.S., including its vision for a network 
of new churches in Indiana. More dis- 
trict ministry reports followed, the re- 
stated Articles of Incorporation were 
adopted, and the election results were 
announced. Rev. Tim Garner is the new 
moderator-elect, and Ron Burns was re- 
elected as secretary. 

Delegates also decided to hold next 
year's conference June 2-3 at the Re- 
treat Center. Rev. Thomas passed the 
gavel to incoming moderator Rev. Duane 
Dickson, who gave a closing challenge 
and then adjourned the conference. 
— reported by Ron Burns, district secretary 

Eight Brethren Receive Degrees 
May 18th at Ashland University 

Ashland, Ohio — Eight Brethren stu- 
dents received degrees May 18 from Ash- 
land University, including: 

Paul Bechtel, member of the Ashland 
Park Street Brethren Church; B.S. in 
Education with a major in elementary 

Loreen Drushal, member of Park Street 
Brethren Church (daughter of J. Michael 
and Dr. Mary Ellen Drushal); B.A. with 
majors in psychology and philosophy. 

Brent Grimm, member of the Milford, 
Ind., First Brethren Church; B.S. in Edu- 
cation with a major in elementary ed. 

Annalee Hoover, member of Park Street 
Brethren Church (and former member 
of the North Georgetown, Ohio, First 
Brethren Church); B.A. with majors in 
religion and biology. 

Geneva Oburn, member of the Pleas- 
ant Hill, Ohio, First Brethren Church 
(daughter of Pastor and Mrs. Eugene 
Oburn); Bachelor of Music with a major 
in music. 

Anthony (Tony) Price, member of The 
Brethren Church in New Lebanon, 
Ohio; B.S. in Education with a major in 
elementary ed. 

Jennifer Sluss, attends the Univer- 
sity Church in Ashland (wife of Breth- 
ren seminary student Paul Sluss); B.S. 
in Education with a major in English. 

Angela Weidenhamer, member of 
Park Street Brethren Church (daughter 
of Rev. and Mrs. Bradley Weidenhamer); 
B.A. degree with a major in music. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Little Crusader 

Jesus said, "Let the children come to me, and do not hinder 
them; for to such belongs the kingdom of heaven" (Matt. 19:14). 

Hi boys and girls! 

My son, Jordan, and I visited the grave of our cat, Scotty, the other day. Scotty was 
such a neat cat, and we all loved him very much. Jordan asked me if Scotty was in 
heaven. I'm not sure that animals go to heaven, but if they do, Scotty would be there. 
Jordan then asked me how Scotty could be in heaven, since his body was in the ground. 
Wow, that's a hard question to answer! 

The Bible tells us in 1 Corinthians 15:51 that when Jesus comes again, we will all 
be changed. We will be given new bodies in heaven. This is wonderful news for people 
who are in wheelchairs because their bodies didn't grow correctly or because they have 
lost arms or legs. It is also wonderful news for people who are sick in bed for a long time. 

Jesus wants us to have perfect bodies in heaven, with no sickness or pain. When 
we die, our bodies stay on earth while our spirits go to be with God. But when Jesus 
returns, He will raise up our bodies and change them into the greatest, most spectacular 
bodies He can make. Won't that be terrific?! 

Figure Up the Message 

Do the following addition and subtraction prob- 
lems. Then, in the key at the bottom of the page, find 
the letter that equals the number in each answer. Write 
these letters on the lines below the numbers to spell 
out a message from God. 

Jesus gives us 


















in heaven. 

2=b 3=d 4=e 5=i 6=n 7=o 8=s 9=w 

July/August 1994 



Drama at Mt. Olive Provides Opportunity 
To "See" and Respond to the Gospel Story 

Pineville, Va. — During the intermis- 
sion of a presentation of the musical 
drama "Sacrifice of Glory" at the Mt. 
Olive Brethren Church, a mother walked 
up to me with a smile on her face. "My 
daughter thought you actually healed 
that man with the withered hand," she 
said. "I had to work hard to convince her 
that you were not Jesus; that you were 
only pretending to be Jesus." 

This is just one example of the im- 
pressions we were able to make at our 
church when people came to "see" the 
gospel story. A 32-member choir and 51- 
member drama cast performed "Sacri- 

Mary Magdalene (Kathy Good) and a blind man 
(David Fitzsimons) come to Jesus for healing. 

fice of Glory" on March 24, 25, 26, and 
27 at the Mt. Olive Brethren Church. A 
total of 1,005 people attended the four 

The choir presented twelve songs plus 
a special solo, "Watch the Lamb," by 
Kris Morris. The emotional high of the 
production occurred near the end of this 
song, as the bloody and bruised body of 
Jesus on the cross was raised for all to 
see. Many wept openly as the reality of 
Jesus' brutal death took hold of them. 

The play contained two acts, with two 
stories being portrayed simultaneously. 
The presentation begins with an aged 
Simon Peter in jail telling other 
prisoners and the guards about his 
time with Jesus. At the end of act 
two, Peter is escorted to his death 
by Romans soldiers. As he departs, 
he cries out in a thunderous and 
thought-provoking manner, "You 
have seen and you have heard. 
Now what will you do with Jesus?" 
The room was totally quiet as 
those in attendance pondered the 
depth of that question. 

The other story centered on the 
life, ministry, death, and resurrec- 
tion of Jesus. The feeding of the 
5,000, healing of the multitudes, 
and the Last Supper are high- 
lighted in the first act. Jesus in the 
Garden of Gethsemane, His ar- 

rest, trial, and crucifixion build up great 
suspense in the second act. One mother 
brought her son to see "Jesus" after the 
play to assure the boy that Jesus was 
okay. He had stood on his tiptoes watch- 
ing the body of Christ as He was carried 
out in a sheet. Not even the resurrection 
scene was enough to convince him that 
Jesus was alive. Like Thomas of old, he 
needed to touch Jesus. 

Henry Lineweaver directed the choir 
for the presentation, and Lois Johnson, 
assisted by Gwen Armentrout, directed 
the drama cast. Linden and Debra Seek- 
ford did the lighting, Dwight Good and 
Bud Lam were responsible for props, 
Deidre Connellee and Tammy Berk- 
shire did make-up, and Mary Evelyn 
Huffman helped with the costumes. 

Nothing in my 12 years of ministry 
has brought more pleasure, joy, and 
bonding than this production. Three 
months of hard work and of juggling 
schedules produced rewards we shall 
treasure forever. My hat is off to the 93 
people at Mt. Olive who helped make all 
this possible. 

Special recognition goes to David Fitz- 
simons, who portrayed one of the disci- 
ples and also a blind man. David made 
it to each production, even though his 
wife underwent open-heart surgery two 
days before the first performance. He 
drove 80 miles to be at the play and then 
80 miles back to Winchester to be with 
Leathia, his wife. It was this kind of 
sacrifice and commitment that helped 
make this production so successful. 

— Fred Miller, pastor 

Winning the Lost is Focus of 
Midwest District Conference 

Falls City, Nebr. — The Midwest Dis- 
trict Conference, held June 10-12 at the 
Falls City First Brethren Church, be- 
gan with an interesting twist: Modera- 
tor Chris Nelson's flight to the confer- 
ence was delayed, so the conference be- 
gan without a moderator. 

Rev. Reilly Smith led the opening wor- 
ship service Friday evening, and the Joy 
Belles, a women's gospel singing group 
from Falls City, performed an inspira- 
tional concert of contemporary and tra- 
ditional gospel favorites. Moderator 
Nelson arrived during the concert — in 
time to present his address. Using Mark 
16:15 as his text, he spoke about preach- 
ing the gospel everywhere we go. 

Rev. Reilly Smith and William Win- 
ter spoke on Saturday morning. Using 
the familiar text in John 3:16-17, Rev. 
Smith preached about how we can each 
W-I-N-O-N-E. He used the acrostic to 
deliver a six-point plan for sharing our 


faith. Winter reported on the work that 
is beginning in Thornton, Colo., to plant 
a new Brethren church. He related sev- 
eral stories that illustrated God's lead- 
ing in the Winters' move to Denver, 
their hunt for jobs, purchase of a home, 
and the assembling of a church -pi anting 
team. His enthusiasm really inspired 
the delegates. 

Rev. David Cooksey, Director of Pas- 
toral Ministries for The Brethren Church, 
spoke to the conference on Saturday 
afternoon about commitment to Christ 
and His church. He encouraged stead- 
fastness, but also growing flexibility. He 
said that winning souls is the heartbeat 
of the church and the key to solving the 
church's problems. 

On Sunday morning, General Confer- 
ence Moderator Russell Gordon chal- 
lenged the delegates with the question, 
"How much do you really love the lost?" 
He drove home the point that we must 
develop the heart of Christ in order to 
successfully fulfill our "Call to Declare." 

In addition to some excellent worship 
and preaching, delegates enjoyed the 

hospitality of the Falls City congrega- 
tion. The young people went to a nearby 
state park for horseback riding and 
other outdoor activities. 

A highlight of the conference was the 
celebration of Holy Communion on Sat- 
urday evening. Leading the service were 
Rev. Mark Britton, Rev. Emery Hurd, 
host pastor Bill Shipman, Rev. Reilly 
Smith, and Rev. David Cooksey. 

Conference business included elec- 
tion of new officers, disposition of the 
Carleton, Nebr., church property, dis- 
cussion of the Western Brethren Round- 
Up planned for June 1995, budgets and 
reporting, discontinuation of the dis- 
trict newsletter, and receiving of reports 
from committees and auxiliaries. 

Officers for 1995 are moderator Mark 
Britton, moderator-elect Emery Hurd, 
secretary Cindy Smith, treasurer Steve 
Medved, and assistant secretary/treas- 
urer Carolyn Tucker. Next year's con- 
ference will be held June 9-11, 1995, at 
Mulvane, Kans., with "Being with God" 
(based on Philippians 3:8) as the theme. 
— reported by Cindy Smith, district secretary 

The Brethren Evangelist 


Thomas Sprowls to Pastor New Church 
To be Started this Fall in Medina, Ohio 

Ashland, Ohio — Thomas E. Sprowls 
has been called to serve as pastor of the 
Home Mission church scheduled to be- 
gin this fall on the south side of the city 
of Medina, about 35 miles northeast of 

The new work at Medina will be a 
cooperative effort of the Ohio District 
Mission Board, the national Missionary 
Board of the Brethren Church, and Ash- 
land Theological Seminary (through a 
course being taught at the seminary 
this fall on church planting by Dr. Dale 
Stoffer, with students in the class par- 
ticipating in the initial stages of the 
church-planting process). 

Tom Sprowls (33) is a student at the 
seminary, where he has completed two 
of the three years required for a Master 
of Divinity Degree. He will complete his 
studies while working part time as pas- 
tor of the new congregation. 

Tom is from Berlin, Pa., where he has 
been a member since an early age of the 
Berlin Brethren Church. He is a 1983 
graduate of Indiana University of Penn- 
sylvania, with a B.S. degree in applied 
mathematics. He served from 1983 to 
1991 in the U.S. Army. He is a licensed 
minister in the Pennsylvania District. 

He is married to the former Deborah 
Paul, also of Berlin, Pa. Like her hus- 
band, Debbie grew up in the Berlin Breth- 
ren Church. She is a graduate of Penn 
State University with a B.S. degree in 
accounting. She is currently employed 
at United Way of Ashland County. 

Since the fall of 1993 a steering com- 
mittee has been working with Dr. Stof- 

Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Sprowls 

fer laying the groundwork for the new 
congregation in Medina. Sprowls has 
been a member of that committee. 

Tentative plans call for the new con- 
gregation to start in November. Breth- 
ren from area churches who volunteer 
to help plant this new church will begin 
meeting in late summer or early fall. In 
addition, an attempt will be made to 
begin home Bible studies in Medina 
prior to the first worship service in No- 

Lord, when we are wrong, make us 
willing to change. And when we are 
right, make us easy to live with. 

— Peter Marshall 

In Memory 

Goldie Waldenville, 80, June 15. Faith- 
ful member and attender of the Pleasant 
View Brethren Church. Services by Pastor 
R. Keith Hensley. 

Thelma Stettler, 85, June 10. Member 
for 73 years of the Elkhart First Brethren 
Church. Services by Pastor Timothy P. 

Grace Denlinger, 92, June 2. Member of 
The Brethren Church of New Lebanon. 
Services by Pastor James F. Black. 
Ralph ("Bill") Price, 77, May 26. Long- 
time member of the Vinco Brethren 
Church. Services by Pastor Jim Tomb. 
Bess Titch, 93, May 13. Member since 
1931 of the Goshen First Brethren 
Church, where she served as a deaconess 
for many years and was active in the 
W.M.S. and the church sewing group. 
Services by Pastor Donald Rowser. 
Virginia Carnell, 86, March 16. Member 

July/August 1994 

of the Raystown Brethren Church. Serv- 
ices by Melvin Van Orman. 


Dorothy and Howard Nelson, 60th, 
August 12. Members of the Lanark First 
Brethren Church. 

Woodrow and Marie Robertson, 55th, 
July 14. Mr. Robertson a member of the St. 
James Brethren Church. 
George and Wilma Bunn, 65th, July 9. 
Members of the Waterloo Hammond Ave- 
nue Brethren Church. 
Carl ("Tom") and Margaret Emswiller, 
60th, June 10. Members of the Maurer- 
town Brethren Church. 

Membership Growth 

Vinco: 7 by baptism 

Raystown: 1 by baptism 

St. James: 2 by baptism, 13 by transfer 

Park Street: 11 by baptism, 7 by transfer 

World Relief Helps Sow 
Seeds of Peace in Croatia 

Wheaton, 111. — The "Conference for 
Spiritual Renewal: A Time for Peace and 
Hope" held in Bizovac, Croatia, brought 
a unified vision among evangelicals for 
ministry in post-war Croatia, reports Art 
Gay, president of World Relief of the 
National Association of Evangelicals. 

More than 150 representatives from 
all of the evangelical denominations in 
Croatia came from different parts of the 
country for the May 24-28 conference, 
sponsored by World Relief and Croatia's 
Protestant Evangelical Council. 

"It was a deeply spiritual time as de- 
cision-makers grappled with issues of 
unity and healing within their own 
churches and communities," Gay said. 

As evangelicals came together from 
diverse backgrounds, they were able to 
"work, weep, pray, plan, forgive, and 
understand each other and reconcile," 
according to Jill Briscoe, World Reliefs 
vice chairman of the board. Mrs. Briscoe 
lead the women's ministry interest track 
of the conference. At least one-third of 
the conference participants were women. 

"We believe this is a turning point in 
Croatia," one participant said. 'Tor 
some years, we have not been able to 
meet like this. There are very few things 
we disagree about and many things we 
can do together." 

Goshen, Ind. — Pat Wogoman was hon- 
ored on Sunday, May 22, by the Goshen 
First Brethren Church. The occasion was 
the retirement of Mrs. Wogoman after 22 
years as church secretary. The Goshen 
Brethren held a cake and punch recep- 
tion for Mrs. Wogoman following the 
morning worship service to express their 
appreciation for her many years of serv- 
ice to the congregation. 

— report and photo by Anna Bollinger 


106th General Conference 


August 8-12 
Ashland, Ohio 

Theme: "Called to Declare" 

Theme Verse: 1 Peter 2:9 

1 Peter 2:9 

Called to declare what? "The praises of 
him who called you out of darkness into his 
wonderful light." And called to declare that 
"once you had not received mercy, but now 
you have received mercy." And called to de- 
clare that mercy and love and salvation to a 
world full of people who need to come to 
saving faith in Jesus Christ. 

We have embarked on a three year proc- 
ess to strengthen our ability and our resolve 
to be witnesses to the world. This conference 
will provide another opportunity to become 
equipped for that purpose. 

The 1994 Conference will feature: 

• Thomas L. Youngblood as guest speaker 
and leader of a day-long seminar entitled 
"Love Your Neighbor to Life." 

Rich times of worship and fellowship 

Addresses by Moderator Russell Gordon 
and Moderator-Elect Reilly Smith 

A concert of prayer led by the Seminary 

A celebration of Brethren missions 

A variety of luncheons and banquets 

Updates on denominational ministries 

Exciting business sessions 

Don't miss this year's General Conference! 
Make plans now to attend, and complete the 
registration form on page 15 of the June Evan- 
gelist no later than July 21. 

See you in August! 

Thomas L. Youngblood 



"-» LLi Z 
i"r* j :— i 

U. r- 
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The Tree of Life" at General Conference 

See page 7. 

Seeing God's Hand at Work 

To Everything There is a Season 

By Diane Stout 

AS THE SEASONS CHANGE, so have our lives, 
as God has brought us through many trials. 

On August 12, 1992, our 12-year-old daughter 
Suzanne, who was diagnosed as having a rare tu- 
mor in her hip socket, underwent major hip sur- 
gery. Our prayers were answered when the sur- 
geons found only extra bone growth, which they 
removed. Later, they performed a second surgery 
in which they did major hip reconstruction. For 
Suzanne, this was followed by weeks in a wheel- 
chair, on crutches, and in physical therapy. 

Then one bitterly cold and windy morning in 
March, we lost our barn and milk parlor in a fero- 
cious fire. The efforts of the firemen to combat the 
raging flames were halted by frozen water lines 
and a fierce, driving wind. We watched, devastated, 
as pieces of history crumbled to the ground on our 
family farm. Our faith in God saw us through this 
devastating tragedy, for we know that to every- 
thing there is a season, and a time to every pur- 
pose under the heaven. 

Then on August 7, 1993, my husband Gayle lost 
part of his leg in a tragic farm accident. In the 
blink of an eye, his boot was caught by a power 
takeoff shaft, which ripped his leg apart. He was 
life-flighted to Methodist Hospital in Indianapolis, 
where his leg was amputated below the knee. Ad- 
ditional surgeries followed to clean and repair the 
leg. His was an unusual case, which required that 
a muscle flap (skin, muscle, and vein) be taken 
from his back to fill in around his knee in order to 
save it. Doctors said his was only the third case of 
its kind. Now, a year later, after battles with infec- 
tion and phantom pain, numerous doctors' appoint- 
ments, and several temporary prostheses, we are 
still looking forward to the day when Gayle will be 
fitted for his permanent leg and be able to "run and 
not grow weary." 

As we dealt with this situation, trying to get 
ourselves back to normal, life took another U-turn, 

when hot cooking oil exploded into flames and 
burned my hand, which became totally covered 
with blisters from the second-degree burns. Since I 
am a musician for the Lord, my hands are espe- 
cially precious to me. The human nature within me 
wanted to ask, "Why me, Lord?" But as a child of 
God and having faith in His power and grace, I 
know He has a purpose. 

Through it all, we know that God has been with 
us all the time. He has laid His healing hand upon 
each situation and upon each of us. He is healing 
each of us according to His plan. As we share with 
others around us and minister to others who are 
suffering, we pray that God is being glorified. 

The people from our church and community 
have supported us through it all. During Gayle's 
four-week hospital stay, he received more than 350 
cards. We were overwhelmed by cards from people 
we didn't even know, in addition to those from family 
and friends. Hospital personnel stopped and gazed 
in awe at the cards lining the hospital room walls. 
We felt the prayers and the encouragement of our 
entire community. 

We don't know what the future holds, but we are 
praying that God can use us for a special ministry. 
When life seems dark, we always remember Isaiah 
40:31 and Isaiah 43. We know God is with us at every 
crossroad, guiding us when we cannot see and fill- 
ing us with strength, hope, and courage for tomorrow. 

As we face each new day and each new obstacle, 
we place our trust in Jesus Christ. Just as the 
farmer knows there is a time and a season to plant 
and a time to harvest, we likewise know that to 
every time and season there is a purpose. We just 
have to trust in the Lord and wait upon Him. He 
will give us new strength and enable us to mount 
up with wings like eagles. [1>] 

Diane and Gayle Stout are members of the Burlington, 
Ind., First Brethren Church. They have four children. 

ifiMmmm nswmm <mmi ■ ■■■smmzm-m 







would set a lot 
koret osepol. 
to me:-- 



The Brethren Evangelist 

September 1994 
Volume 116, Number 8 

The Brethren Evangelist 

(ISSN 0747-4288) 


Richard C. Winfield 

Children's Page 

Sandi Rowsey 

Editorial and 
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To Everything There is a Season by Diane Stout 

Despite the tragedies that have befallen them, this family faces each 

new day and each new obstacle with trust in Jesus Christ. 

The Sermon on the Mount by William H. Kerner 

Brethren believe that this Sermon sets forth the radical requirements 

for living as a follower of Jesus Christ. 

Another New Translation! by Richard C. Winfield 
How many English versions of the Bible do we need? 

Special Section 

General Conference Report 

Introduction and "The Tree of Life" 7 

"Called to Declare" by Russell C. Gordon 8 
Moderator's Address to the 1994 General Conference. 

Brethren Hear About, Respond to Human Need at World 11 
Relief Luncheon 

Tom Youngblood Encourages Brethren to "Love Your 12 
Neighbor to Life" 

Concert of Prayer Led by Ashland Theological Seminary 13 

Focus is on Missions During Thursday Evening Events 13 

Rickey Bolden Challenges Brethren to Get Excited About 14 

"The Devoted Church . . . Grows" to be 1995 General Con- 15 
ference Theme 

General Conference Business 16 

The BYIC Convention 18 

General Conference Auxiliaries 18 

Ministry Pages Passing On the Promise 

What's Hatchin' in Passing On the Promise? 20 

by Ronald W. Waters 


The September-October Woman's Outlook Newsletter is in the center of 
this issue. 

Answers to the Little Crusader page: 

You should have a 3 before the first sentence, a 1 before the second sentence, 
a 4 before the third sentence, and a 2 before the last sentence. 

The word is "faith." It means "Trusting Jesus to take care of us," or similar 




Children's Page 



by Sandi Rowsey 

September 1994 

the Bible 

What is This Sermon? 

ONE of the best-known facts 
about Jesus Christ is that He 
taught the Sermon on the Mount. 
This is the title commonly given 
to the teachings of Jesus found in 
chapters five through seven of the 
Gospel of Matthew. 

The church has understood this 
Sermon in many different ways. 
Some have thought that it presents 
an impossible ideal. Others have 
believed that it shows us our inabil- 
ity to meet God's standards. Still 
others have said that it is intended 
for the Jews in a future millennial 
kingdom and is not directed to the 
church. For Brethren, the Sermon 
is a map of the character and be- 
havior required of all believers. Its 
principles are valid for all times. 

The Sermon on the Mount has 
been called "the original draft of es- 
sential Christianity." It is certainly 
not "good news" to anyone who de- 
pends on fulfilling its demands in 
order to enter into God's kingdom. 
This Sermon, however, is not a 
proclamation addressed to the pub- 
lic, but teaching addressed to the 
disciples of Christ (Matt. 5:1, 2). 

The Sermon is a description of 
the quality of ethical life expected 
of those who have already entered 
the kingdom of God. It is intended 
for those who have turned their 
backs on paganism for the new life 
in Jesus Christ. It teaches us what 
our behavior is to be as God's peo- 

Reu. Kerner is a retired Brethren pas- 
tor and formerly served as Director of 
Pastoral Ministries for The Brethren 
Church. He is a member of The Breth- 
ren Church's Committee on Doctrine, 
Research, and Publication, which is 
preparing this series of articles. 

The Sermon on 
the Mount 

By William H. Kerner 

pie and the radical change of life- 
style that is required of us. 

For the church, the Sermon is a 
basic reference for instructing new 
converts on just what it means to 
live the "new life" in Christ. It re- 
minds them that conversion, first of 
all, means submission to the lord- 
ship of Jesus Christ. Further, it im- 
presses on their minds a new value 
system — the value system of God's 
kingdom — which is radically differ- 
ent from the value system of the 

What Does 
This Sermon Say? 

The Sermon has a unity that comes 
from its logical development of a 
basic theme: the quality and con- 
duct of life in the kingdom of God. A 
brief analysis of the Sermon follows. 

Christian character (5:3-12). 

In the Beatitudes, the word 
"blessed" is an objective judgment 
about certain people based on their 
character. It is God's congratula- 
tions to them for a task well done. 

These eight beatitudes are the 
foundation of the Christian life. 
The first, spiritual poverty (v. 3), is 
basic to all the rest. Those who feel 
spiritual poverty are destitute of 
soul. They know their lives are 
mortgaged to the hilt and that they 
have no collateral. They recognize 
that they are helpless without the 
grace of God. (Read the hymn "Rock 
of Ages.") Christ calls these persons 
blessed: Theirs is the kingdom of 

The remaining beatitudes com- 
plete the picture of Christian char- 
acter. Those who mourn (v. 4) re- 
fers to the sorrow of repentance. 
These people mourn not just for their 
own sin, but also for those whom 
they know are living in sin. They 
also have a great sorrow for the lost. 

The meek (v. 5). Rather than spine- 
lessness, meekness is the opposite 
of pride. This humility is a quality 
the world does not appreciate, but 
it enables believers to know them- 

To hunger for righteousness (v. 6) 
means to have a spiritual hunger 
for the character and conduct that 
please God. Being merciful (v. 7) 
requires that believers recognize 
Christ's mercy to them and that they 
extend His compassion to all peo- 
ple. Being pure in heart (v. 8) means 
having an honesty of heart, having 
no hidden motive or self-interest. 

Jesus' words about peacemakers 
(v. 9) show that believers are called 
to extend to others the peace they 
themselves have found in Christ. 
These words also show that there 
must be peace with God before 
there can be peace with others. 
Peace with all humankind there- 
fore requires a missionary thrust. 

Those persecuted because of right- 
eousness (vv. 10, 11). Righteous- 
ness is not a quality people natu- 
rally seek; therefore, godly living 
will bring strong rejection from the 
unbelieving world. This kind of re- 
jection will continue until Jesus 
comes again. 

Christian influence (5:13-16) 

The Christian is to be influential 
in two ways, by being salt and by 
being light. 

Being salt (v. 13). Salt is for pre- 
serving. In a world rotting and go- 
ing bad (cf. Romans 1:18-32), only 
salt introduced from outside can ar- 
rest the decay (the moral rotten- 
ness of our day). Believers are, by 
their lifestyle, the preservative of 
all that is godly in an ungodly 
world. Only the redeemed, who 
know God's standards for life and 
who have the power of God's Spirit, 
can do this. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

"The basic difference between the believer and the world is at this 
point, which is the basic theme of the entire Sermon on the Mount — 
that God calls Christians to be different because they belong to Christ. " 

Being light (vv. 14, 15). Believers 
are to be light to a dark and fallen 
world through the character of 
their lives. The Apostle John re- 
lates, "In him was life, and that life 
was the light of men" (Jn. 1:4). That 
light cannot be hidden without deny- 
ing the truth of faith in the Lord 
Jesus Christ. Christians are not 
called to withdraw from the world, 
for Jesus never advocated monasti- 
cism. Instead, Christians are to 
have a beneficial effect on society. 

It is of interest that the main 
verbs in verses 13 and 14 are in the 
indicative. Jesus does not com- 
mand His disciples to be salt and 
light. If people are the kind Jesus 
described in the Beatitudes, they 
will be salt and light to a sinful 
world. In fact, they are the only salt 
and light the world has. The basic 
difference between the believer and 
the world is at this point, which is 
the basic theme of the entire Ser- 
mon on the Mount — that God calls 
Christians to be different because 
they belong to Christ. 

Being right with God (5:17-26) 

The nature of righteousness (vv. 
17-20). The Law is permanent. 
God's word is absolute to the end of 
the age. Jesus "fulfilled" (carried 
out) the Law. Christians, by the 
power of the Holy Spirit, must obey 
the Law and teach it (vv. 19, 20) — 
not in order to get right with God, 
but out of love and gratitude for 
God's grace. Righteousness is the 
key to the Sermon. 

A lesson in righteousness (vv. 21- 
26). Anger without just cause is sin. 
So is abusive language. Both are 
attitudes of a heart not right with 

Marriage relationships (5:27-32) 

Adultery (vv. 27-30) means sex 
outside of marriage. Since right- 
eousness of the heart is important 
(v. 28), and lust is a strong desire, 
adultery can be committed with the 
mind. This behavior is to be 
avoided at all costs (vv. 29, 30). 

September 1994 

Divorce (vv. 31, 32). Jesus gives 
clear answers to this man-made 
difficulty. The certificate of divorce 
refers back to Deuteronomy 24:1-4. 
Marriage is permanent, and noth- 
ing dissolves it except adultery, 
which breaks the marriage bond (v. 
32). Jesus gives the fuller reason in 
Matthew 19:5. 

Three persistent problems (5:33-48) 

Dishonesty (vv. 33-37). Honest 
people don't need oaths (v. 37). Peo- 
ple's word should be as good as 
their bond. (Brethren were known 
for this trait.) Anything else is a 
result of sin. 

Hate (vv. 38-42). Christians re- 
ject retaliation and returning evil 
for evil. They are to go beyond what 
is usual behavior, abandoning self- 
interest and pride. Verses 33-42 
are the basis for the Brethren prac- 
tice of nonswearing and nonresist- 

Vengeance (vv. 43-48). This is 
God's Law distorted (v. 43). Bitter- 
ness, hostility, and coldness are a 
denial of our Christian character. 
Love, even for enemies, is concern 
in action (v. 48). 

Acts of faith (6:1-8, 16-18) 

Helping others (vv. 1-4). The 
wrong way to help others is to 
make a show of good works or acts 
of piety (v. 1). Christians do not an- 
nounce what they are doing with a 
dollar in one hand and a trumpet in 
the other (v. 2). The right way is to 
do it, forget it, and be satisfied with 
God as a witness (vv. 3, 4). 

Prayer (vv. 5-8). The wrong way 

Correspondence Welcomed 

The members of the General Con- 
ference Executive Council's Commit- 
tee on Doctrine, Research, and Pub- 
lication invite readers to suggest topics 
or Bible passages to discuss in future 
articles in this column. Send ques- 
tions, comments, or suggestions to 
the committee in care of The Breth- 
ren Evangelist, 524 College Ave., 
Ashland, OH 44805. 

to pray is in order to make an im- 
pression, exhibiting an eloquence 
that comes from pride (v. 5). To 
pray with empty repetition or with- 
out thought is babbling (vv. 7, 8). 
The right way is to pray in a quiet, 
private place, seeking the presence 
of God (v. 6). 

Fasting (w. 16-18). The wrong 
way to fast is for the Christian to 
look dismal and sad so that others 
know he or she is fasting (v. 16). 
The right way is to clean up and 
present one's usual appearance (w. 
17, 18). 

The pattern for prayer (6:9-15) 

The name of God (v. 9). Only faith 
in Christ makes one a child of God 
who is entitled to call God Father. 
His name is to be held holy, the 
name above all names (see Philip- 
pians 2:5-15). Christians are to 
come before God with appropriate 
humility, devotion, and confidence. 

The rule of God (v. 10). This is a 
request for God to reign in the be- 
liever's life, and ultimately, through 
Christ, over the entire world. 

The will of God (v. 10b). This is a 
request for the will of God, already 
being done in heaven, to be done in 
the believer's life, then everywhere 
on earth (see Romans 12:2). 

Provisions from God (v. 11). This 
reminds Christians of their ulti- 
mate dependence on God. It is a 
request for the necessities (rather 
than the luxuries) of life to be 
granted each day. 

Forgiveness from God (v. 12). 
This is a reminder of our debt to 
God, which cannot be paid except 
through Jesus Christ. As believers 
ask for forgiveness, they will have 
already forgiven those who have 
wronged them (vv. 14, 15). Forgive- 
ness of others is evidence that for- 
giveness from God has been re- 
ceived (Matthew 18:23-35). 

Guidance from God (v. 13). Chris- 
tians ask God to take charge of 
them and to rescue them from evil 
temptations. They ask for the 
strength and endurance necessary 

for godly living (see 2 Timothy 

A look at tomorrow (6:19-34) 

Our treasure (w. 19-24). Posses- 
sions are only temporary; therefore 
it is foolish to build up treasure for 
oneself (v. 19). Christians build up 
durable treasure in heaven (v. 20). 
God lets them choose where to in- 
vest (v. 21), and those choices in- 
volve spiritual danger (w. 22, 23). 
Their decisions affect their relation- 
ship with God (v. 24). 

Our anxiety (vv. 25-34). Jesus 
called Christians to think; now He 
calls them to act (v. 25). Anxiety 
only hinders them (w. 26-31). But 
seeking first the Kingdom of God 
brings freedom from anxieties in 
serving Him (w. 32-34). 

When things go wrong (7:1-12) 

Sound judgment (w. 1-5). This is 
not a command to suspend judg- 
ment about others (v. 1), but a com- 
mand to sift right from wrong care- 
fully (v. 2; compare John 7:24). This 
same standard applies to self (w. 

Careful thinking (v. 6). Some peo- 
ple are not grateful for help or cor- 
rection. Christians should use dis- 
cernment and weigh their words 
and actions. 

Persistent prayer and action (w. 
7-12). The Christian is to persist- 
ently ask, seek, and knock (w. 7, 
8), as illustrated in verses 9 and 10. 
God gives according to His will (v. 
11), as Christians act according to 
His way (v. 12). 

The great choice (7:13-28) 

The road we walk (w. 13, 14). 
Each person enters individually the 
gate of his or her choice. (Compare 
Deuteronomy 30:15.) 

The teachers we believe (w. 15- 
20). This is a challenge to think out 
and define truth (v. 15). Verses 16- 
20 give illustrations. 

The life we live (w. 21-23). We 
cannot call Jesus "Lord" and not fol- 
low His teachings. 

The foundation we build (vv. 24- 
27). Our life is built day by day on 
the foundation of our choice (see 1 
John 3:10). The purpose of the Ser- 
mon on the Mount is to bring us to 
this point of choice. 

The Significance of 
This Sermon 

Brethren have tended to go to the 
Sermon on the Mount rather than 
to the New Testament letters for 
their ethical instruction. It is sig- 
nificant, however, that there is no 
teaching in the Sermon on the 

Mount that is not also found in the 
letters. One can see this by making 
a list of the teachings in this Ser- 
mon and then reading the letters to 
find the same teachings there. 

This brief analysis shows the prac- 
tical significance of the Sermon for 
all believers. It also gives us an un- 
derstanding of the meaning of re- 
pentance, the new birth, and love. 

Although Brethren have no creed, 
they believe that this Sermon sets 
forth the radical requirements for 
living as a follower of Jesus Christ. 
Its significance for our day is ex- 
pressed well by John R. W. Stott: 

I believe that the Sermon on the 
Mount is to be obeyed. Indeed if 
the church realistically accepted 
his standards and values as here 
set forth, and lived by them, it 
would be the alternative society he 
always intended it to be, and would 
offer to the world an authentic 
Christian counter-culture.* 

For Brethren, the Sermon on the 
Mount is the pattern of that non- 
conformity they have tried to prac- 
tice (Romans 12:1-2). As they fol- 
low the teachings of this sermon, 
Brethren have much to offer a 
fallen world. [ft] 

*Christian Counter-Culture: The Message 
of the Sermon on the Mount (Downers Grove, 
111.: InterVarsity Press, 1978), p. 10. 

Another New Translation! 

I RECEIVED a news release recently 
about a new translation of the Bible 
soon to be published. My reaction is 
similar to that of a character in a televi- 
sion commercial of a number of year's 
ago who exclaimed, "Another freeze- 
dried coffee!" And sp I respond, "An- 
other new translation!" 

I am old enough to remember when 
the only English version of the Bible 
most American Christians knew was 
the King James Version. I don't want 
to go back to those days. I am thankful 
for many of the new translations that 
have been published in the last 40 or 
so years. They have put the message 
of the Bible into the language of our 
day, which is different from the lan- 
guage of the King James Version. They 
have also incorporated new insights 
that have been gained on the meaning 
of the original texts. But how many 
new translations do we need? 

I sometimes wonder about the moti- 

vation for still more versions. Are the 
publishers producing them in order to 
help people better understand the 
Bible? Or are they interested in getting 
a share of the large Bible market? And 
do people buy these translations be- 
cause they have difficulty understanding 
the version they already own? Or do 
they buy them because they are new? 
A few days after receiving the news 
release about the new translation of the 
Bible, I came across a statement I re- 
ceived a few years ago that came out 
of a conference of agencies involved 
in translating the Bible into the lan- 
guages of the world. The statement in- 
cluded the following observations: 
• While some Scriptures now exist in 
more than 2,000 languages, and Bible 
translation projects are currently in 
progress in about 1,600 languages, 
nevertheless there still remain hun- 
dreds of millions of people, speaking 
more than 3,000 languages, who have 

no Scripture whatsoever available to 
them in their mother tongue. 

• While Christians in developed coun- 
tries possess Scriptures in many ver- 
sions and formats, and seldom take 
time to reflect on how priceless this 
heritage is, many Christians around 
the world have never had the word of 
God in their own language. 

• While the task of making the Scrip- 
tures available to people in these lan- 
guages is enormous, it is also clear 
that if God's people unite their efforts 
and combine their resources in ap- 
proaching the challenge, the goal is 

In light of these observations, rather 
than buying yet another new transla- 
tion of the Bible, perhaps we should 
give that money instead to an agency 
that is helping to make the Bible avail- 
able to people who have never had the 
word of God in their own language. 

— Richard C. Winfield, editor 

The Brethren Evangelist 

General Conference Report 

Highlights of the 

106th General Conference of The Brethren Church 

Held August 8-12, 1994, in Ashland, Ohio 

ON THE FOLLOWING PAGES are highlights 
of the 106th General Conference of The Breth- 
ren Church. This Conference report begins with the 
moderator's address, presented Monday evening, 
and works its way through Conference week, with 
reports of the main Conferences events from Tues- 
day through Friday. Then follows a summary of 
Conference business and a brief overview of the 
Brethren Youth In Christ Convention, which ran 
concurrently with Conference. It concludes with 
sketches of the sessions of the National Association 
of Brethren Church Elders and the Brethren Men 
of Mission. A report of the Woman's Missionary 
Society sessions is included in the Woman's Out- 
look Newsletter, found in the center of this issue. 

As I prepared this report this year, I was at 
somewhat of a disadvantage, since I was unable to 
attend this Conference and, therefore, had no first- 
hand knowledge of what took place. During Confer- 
ence week, I was completing a term of special 

service in China, then traveling from China to the 
U.S. (More about this in next month's issue.) 

Because I was not at this Conference, I had to 
rely on others to be my eyes and ears. Therefore, I 
am especially grateful to Matt Hamel, Brenda 
Colijn, Jerry Flora, Fred Miller, Ron Waters, and 
Deb Ritchey for writing the reports you will find on 
the following pages. 

Photographer for the week was Ryan Gordon of 
Pleasant Hill, Ohio, son of Moderator Russ Gordon. 
Unfortunately, Ryan experienced every photogra- 
pher's nightmare, a malfunctioning camera. As a 
result, many of his pictures were unusable. Hap- 
pily, Dr. Jim Hollinger of Goshen, Ind., was also 
taking pictures, and we were able to use some of 
his photographs. Even so, suitable pictures of some 
speakers and events were not available. 

I hope that you will find this report of General 
Conference both interesting and informative. 

— Richard C. Winfield, editor 

"The Tree of Life" 

Ashland at the beginning of the week were sur- 
prised to find a replica of a barren, dead tree stand- 
ing on the speakers' platform on Monday evening 
and all day Tuesday. But for the rest of the week, 
the tree was anything but barren! 

Evangelism & Church Growth Commission Chair 
Cindy Smith introduced The Tree of Life" Tuesday 
evening. "Right now it appears lifeless," she said. 
"But even when the starkness of bare branches 
suggests dormancy and death, within the skeleton 
of the tree lies the potential for a burst of new life." 

A table with paper leaves on it stood at the front 
of the auditorium all week. Mrs. Smith invited dele- 
gates to record on the leaves names of persons who 
had become new believers and/or new members of 
their churches during the past Conference year. 
Members of the commission hung the leaves on the 
tree throughout the week. Periodically, Conference 
speakers commented on the new life evident in the 
tree and the new lives in Christ it represented. 

By Friday, more than 530 leaves adorned the tree. 
New Moderator Reilly Smith invited delegates to 
take a leaf home and to pray daily for the person 
whose name was recorded on it. 

The concept for "The Tree of Life" originated with 
The Andrew Center, an evangelism and congrega- 
tional revitalization resourcing center. The tree was 
constructed by Park Street member Steve Huber. 
Leaves were prepared by members of the Newark, 
Park Street, and Winding Waters churches. 

— Ronald W. Waters 

September 1994 


General Conference Report 

Called to Declare 

Moderator's Address to the 1994 General Conference 
By Russell C. Gordon 

But you are a chosen people, a 
royal priesthood, a holy nation, a 
people belonging to God, that you 
may declare the praises of him 
who called you out of darkness 
into his wonderful light. 

1 Peter 2:9* 

The value of one 

IT WAS EARLY one morning 
and on the beach was an eld- 
erly man. He walked with a cane, 
carefully surveying the beach 
that the receding tide had left ex- 
posed. Every now and then he 
bent to pick up something and 
toss it into the ocean. 

A stranger watched with fasci- 
nation as- the elderly man care- 
fully scanned the beach before 
him. Finally the stranger realized 
that the man was looking for 
starfish. Every time he saw one 
lying helpless in the sand, unable 
to get back to the ocean on its 
own, the elderly man would lov- 
ingly pick it up and toss it gently 
back into the sea. 

Curious as to why the man was 
doing this, the stranger approached 
him and asked the reason. The 
man answered, 'The starfish are 
left behind after the tide goes out, 
and are unable to get back to the 
water by themselves. If they do 
not get back into the water, they 
will dry up and die beneath the 
hot summer sun." 

To which the stranger replied, 
"But there are endless miles of 
beach and there must be millions 
of starfish. Surely you don't think 
you can save them all. What dif- 
ference can your efforts possibly 

Slowly the old man bent over 
and picked up another starfish. 

'Unless otherwise noted, quotations 
from the Bible are from the New Interna- 
tional Version. 

As he tossed it into the ocean, he 
looked at the stranger and said, 
"It makes a difference to that one." 
When I first read this story, it 
caused me to think: How easy it 
is to become so discouraged by 
the sheer magnitude of the task 
that Christ has set before us that 
we fail to focus on the value of 
each person to Him! We are called 
to be faithful in scanning those 
"beaches" and in making a differ- 
ence in the name of Christ to 
"that one and that one and that 
one and . . . ." 

A wake-up call 

Brethren, that 
alarm that you just 
heard* was the 
same one that you 
heard at the end of 
Conference last 
year, and it symbolizes the same 
thing now as then: a wake-up 
call! It is a wake-up call to the 
realities of the world around us. 

Last year at the close of Confer- 
ence and at district conferences 
and in local churches throughout 
the year, I have been asking a 
question. The question is this: 
What is 750,000 miles long, reaches 
around the world about 30 times, 
and grows at the rate of 20 miles 
each day? It is the line of people 
who are without Christ. 

Look with me again to our Con- 
ference theme verse, 1 Peter 2:9: 

But you are a chosen people, a 
royal priesthood, a holy nation, a 
people belonging to God, that you 
may declare the praises of him 
who called you out of dark- 
ness into his wonderful light. 

God is very clear here and in 
many other passages as to what 

*At this point in the address, the alarm 
went off on a clock that the moderator had 
placed in the lectern. 

Moderator Russell C. Gordon 

He expects of us. There can be no 
avoiding of the issue: 
We are a chosen people — 

— a royal priesthood 

— a holy nation 

— a people belonging to God 
for the purpose of telling others 
of the hope that we have in Jesus 

For thousands of years one of 
the views held by the Jews con- 
cerning the coming of the Mes- 
siah has been that of a knight on 
a white horse who would come 
charging down the street and kill 
all of their foes and set the cho- 
sen people upon the throne of the 
world. The third Psalm (in verse 
7) puts it this way: 

Arise, O Lord! 

Deliver me, O my God! 
For you have struck all my 
enemies on the jaw; 
you have broken the teeth of 
the wicked. 

Jesus did not come that way — 
He did not, and does not, fit the 
expectations of many — but He IS 
the Messiah nevertheless. Instead 
of coming as a knight on a white 

The Brethren Evangelist 

"In the reality of today's world, we are called not just to watch or to 
experience for ourselves, but to pass on Jesus' touch. We are not just 
to like Jesus, but to be like Jesus!" 

horse, He came as a quiet and 
humble lover of people. 

John the Baptist was one of 
those confused by the way Jesus 
came, and from prison sent this 
question to Jesus: "Are you the one 
who was to come, or should we 
expect someone else?" (Matt. 11:2). 
John's question is the same one 
that the world is asking today, 
born of the same frustration — 
that Christ and His church don't 
seem to forcibly bring justice into 
the world, 

don't right a lot of wrongs, 
don't feed all the hungry, 
don't heal all the sick, 
don't stop all wars, 
don't even produce a commu- 
nity of especially good people. 

We live in a world that IS NOT 
getting better but rather worse. 
We live in a nation: 

• Where abortion is the second 
most frequent medical "proce- 
dure" after circumcision. 

• Where violent crime has in- 
creased 500 percent since 1960. 

• Where births to unwed moth- 
ers have increased 400 percent 
since 1960. 

• Where 50 percent of our na- 
tion's children will spend a sig- 
nificant portion of their child- 
hood living apart from their 

• Where the amount of money 
wagered legally has grown to 
an estimated $330 billion in 
1992, an increase of 162 per- 
cent in 10 years. 

• Where 26 percent of sixth to 
eighth graders say that they 
have had sex. 

And the list could go on. 

I believe that people are still 
asking the same question that 
John asked: "Is Jesus the one, 
or should we look for another?" 

Jesus' answer to John, and to 
the world today, is: 

Go back and report to John what 
you hear and see: The blind re- 
ceive sight, the lame walk, those 

who have leprosy are cured, the 
deaf hear, the dead are raised, 
and the good news is preached to 
the poor. Matt. 11:4-5 

It was as if He were saying, "My 
style — God's style — is not a violent 
revolution, but a firm and gentle 
touch on the hearts of people." 

In John's day and today, people 
want to know more about the 
One who so often 
brought health to the sick, 
strength to the weak, 
direction to the lost, 
and light to the darkness 
of the soul. 

Called to imitate Jesus 

We as Christians are called to 
imitate Jesus' style. It is not 
easy, and we should not mislead 
ourselves into thinking that it is. 
The style of Jesus is radically dif- 
ferent from that which we or the 
world expects. Our style is more 
customarily that of the writer of 
Psalm 3:7, who says: 

Arise, O Lord! 

Deliver me, O my God! 
For you have struck all my 
enemies on the jaw; 
you have broken the teeth of 
the wicked. 

But Jesus teaches us that this is 
not the way; that it is not the way 
we are to do things. 

In 1921 Nikolai Lenin became 
sick and lost the power of speech 
and was forced to let others rule 
in his name. Some of the things 
that he wrote during that time 
are these remarkable words: 

I made a mistake. . . . Without 
doubt, an oppressed multitude 
had to be liberated. But our 
method only provoked further op- 
pression and atrocious massacres. 
My living nightmare is to find 
myself lost in an ocean red with 
the blood of innumerable victims. 
It is too late now to alter the past, 
but what was needed to save Rus- 
sia was ten Francis of Assisi's. 

In the reality of today's world, we 

are called not just to watch or to 
experience for ourselves, but to 
pass on Jesus' touch. We are not 
just to like Jesus, but to be like 
Jesus! I believe that one of the 
reasons that we gather in church 
week after week, or come to con- 
ferences like this year after year, 
is not just to receive the Master's 
touch, but to renew our willing- 
ness and ability to touch the way 
the Master touched. 

Mark 5:24-34 tells us the story 
of the woman who had a problem 
of bleeding for years and her 
realization that "If I can just 
touch his clothes, I will be made 
well." When she accomplished that 
feat, she was made well. This is 
one of a whole series of accounts 
of the effect of Jesus on the lives 
of people — 

— people who were unsure of 

their worth, 

— people who felt guilty about 

their lives, 

— people who felt out of touch 

with others and out of 
touch with God, 

— people with all kinds of 


Jesus touched people; some- 
times He touched them with His 
hands; sometimes He touched them 
only with His eyes or the tone of 
His voice. This woman touched 
Jesus' clothes, but before the en- 
counter was over, He touched her 
in a way that made it possible for 
her to know that she really ex- 
isted and that she really was a 
somebody. That's the Good News, 
preached in word and deed to the 
poor of that day, and of our day. 
It is that touch of the Master 
upon a nation or a person that 
can bring total transformation to 
a situation or to a life. 

And this is where we are to 
begin, you and I, if we are going 
to help God make a difference in 
the world. We must begin with of- 
fering ourselves for the touch of 
the Master on our lives. But that 

September 1994 

We cannot expect to get the job done that God has called us to do if we are 
not willing to invest a lot of hard work. If the grass looks greener on the other 
side of the fence, you can well bet that someone worked to make it that way." 

requires humility, the expectation, 
the persistence, and the faith of 
that woman who sought Jesus in 
the crowd. "If I can just touch His 
clothes, I will be made well." 

If we can shed the trappings of 
selfish, artificial, aggressive val- 
ues, leave vengeance to the Lord, 
as the psalmist says, and open 
ourselves to the touch of Christ, 
we will become new creatures, and 
thus be fit and able to be of value 
to Him in reaching His world. 

I do not remember the exact 
date, but sometime within the 
last two years I was visiting our 
Home Mission church in Fred- 
erick, Md., on a Sunday morning. 
During the message that morning 
Pastor Charlie Beekley led the 
congregation in a look at a pas- 
sage of scripture that had never 
made an impression on me or 
spoken to me in any way before, 
but which is one that I now re- 
read often. The passage is 1 
Chronicles 4:9-10: 

Jabez was more honorable than 
his brothers. His mother had 
named him Jabez, saying, ". . . 
because I gave birth to him in 
pain." Jabez cried out to the God 
of Israel, "Oh that you would bless 
me and enlarge my territory! Let 
your hand be with me, and keep 
me from harm so that I will be 
free from pain." And God granted 
his request. 

Jabez was evidently a man who 
could not be satisfied with less 
than God's best. Some people are 
content to plod on year after year 
accomplishing little or nothing. 
But not Jabez! He wanted to have 
all that it was possible for him to 
have. No spiritual ruts for him! 
He insisted on doing more in life 
than just marking time. He asked 
God to enlarge his territory. 
And God granted his request. 

Caleb was a man like Jabez. 
Forty years after he and Joshua 
had issued their "minority" re- 
port, as the Israelites finally pre- 

pared to possess the Promised 
Land, Caleb, now 85, asked for 
the toughest part of the land to 
conquer. He wanted to engage the 
giants of the land in battle, the 
very warriors who had frightened 
his fellow spies so badly 40 years 
earlier. As he stood before the 
mountain that was the strong- 
hold of the most powerful fighting 
men in Canaan, he cried, "Now 
give me this hill country that the 
Lord promised me that day" 
(Josh. 14:12). 

David is another example of 
a person who wanted God's 
best. He had been anointed king 
over Israel, but Saul was still on 
the throne. There seemed to be 
little hope that this young shep- 
herd would ever be able to be- 
come king and assume his God- 
appointed duties. The establish- 
ment was against him and had 
the manpower and the weapons. 

David's followers were described 
as "All those who were in distress 
or in debt or discontented gath- 
ered around him, and he became 
their leader. About four hundred 
men were with him" (1 Sam. 22:2). 
The military prospects for David 
and his men were not good. Yet 
God made a mighty army out of 
them, and David finally became 
king. He became king, at least in 
part, because he would settle for 
nothing less than God's best. 

Empowered to be 

We also do not have to settle 
for less than God's best. Please 
take note: I am not talking about 
the health and wealth gospel that 
so many are caught up in today. I 
am talking about being all that 
God wants us to be and doing all 
that God wants us to do! Greater 
spiritual victories await us than 
we have known in the past. We 
do not have to live in defeat. We 
should not expect to be losers as 
individuals, as churches, or as a 

denomination, because we have 
been equipped and empowered by 
God to be winners! 

We can enlarge our territory, 
increase our outreach. We can see 
greater numbers respond to the 
message of love that our Lord has 
given us to share with the world. 
God will make it possible. BUT 
we must cooperate with Him. 

In order to declare the mes- 
sage of salvation, we need a 
clear VISION. By that I mean 
that we need to believe that God 
is going to do great things through 
us. Solomon wrote: "Where there 
is no vision, the people perish . . ." 
(Prov. 29:18, kjv). 

If we are to declare the mes- 
sage of salvation, we must join 
FAITH to vision. A.W. Tozer, in 
his book Paths to Power, talks 
about dynamic life and static life. 
He sees the dynamic periods as 
those times when believers have 
gone forward in faith, fearlessly 
carrying God's message to the 
world. During these times, he 
says, these faithful people have 
exchanged the safety of inaction 
for the hazards of God-inspired 
progress. And he points out that 
God's power has always followed 
this kind of courage. 

The static periods, on the other 
hand, have been those times 
when God's people have been 
afraid to advance or have become 
weary of the struggle and have 
settled down to conserve their 

We must also remember that to 
declare the message of salva- 
tion will require WORK. Noth- 
ing works unless we work. Vision 
without faith and work makes 
you a visionary, dreaming great 
dreams but never seeing them 
come to reality. As James wrote, 
". . . faith by itself ... is dead" 
(James 2:17). 

We cannot expect to get the job 
done that God has called us to do 
if we are not willing to invest a lot 


The Brethren Evangelist 

of hard work. If the grass looks 
greener on the other side of the 
fence, you can well bet that some- 
one worked to make it that way. 

I would like to conclude with a 
couple of stories: 

An elderly man was found dead 
one morning in his home. He had 
scarcely a comfort or a luxury, 
but stored in his attic were 246 
valuable violins! The very best of 
the collection, fashioned by a 
master craftsman, was hidden in 
the bottom drawer of a rickety old 
chest. It was an exquisite 147- 
year-old Stradivarius! Obviously 
the man cherished the instru- 
ments greatly, but his love for 
them withheld from the world the 
beautiful music they might have 

Another man once laid a piece 
of chocolate candy on a table. 
Then, picking up an ant, he put it 
near the delicious bon-bon. He 
was surprised to see the ant take 
a single bite and then hurry off, 
leaving the rest untouched. Soon 
the little creature returned, fol- 
lowed by a long train of other ants 
who enjoyed the treat with him. 

It is no longer the practice for 
the moderator to make recommen- 

dations at the end of the modera- 
tor's address. And I think I like it 
that way. Most of the recommen- 
dations got lost in the shuffle 
anyway. However, just a closing 
thought or two as a result of my 
experiences over the last year. 

I really believe that all too 
often we Brethren have been like 
the old man and his violins. We 
have hidden the treasure that 
has been given to us in the bot- 
tom drawer of our rickety old 
lives. We seemed to have had the 
attitude that what is ours is ours, 
and no one else is going to get it. 

At the very least, we have al- 
lowed ourselves to be sidetracked 
by issues that really will never 
have an effect on how many peo- 
ple we are able to introduce to 
the Lord Jesus Christ. Every 
time that happens, the devil wins 
another battle in the war. It is 
about time that we make up our 
minds that we are not going to let 
the devil do that anymore. 

Let's learn a lesson from the 
ant and not keep the Good News 
a secret. But once we have tasted 
and seen that it is good, let's go 
out and bring others in to share 
the joy and hope that we have in 

Jesus Christ. Having found God's 
rich supply of grace, let's spread 
the glad tidings to others. I do not 
mean to imply that we have done 
nothing, but rather that we surely 
have not done all that we could. 

Think about these words from 
the song entitled 'The Mission."* 

The message we're proclaiming 
is repentance and forgiveness, 

The Author of Salvation to the 
dying race of man. 

To love the Lord our God is the 
heartbeat of our mission, 

The spring from which our serv- 
ice over-flows. 

Across the street or around the 
world the mission's still the 

Proclaim and live the truth in 
Jesus' name. 

That's what it is all about, pro- 
claiming the truth in Jesus' 


But you are a chosen people, a 
royal priesthood, a holy nation, a 
people belonging to God, that 
you may declare the praises of 
him who called you out of dark- 
ness into his wonderful light. 

1 Peter 2:9 [ft] 

"This song was sung by Rev. Marlin 
McCann prior to the moderator's address. 

General Conference Report 

Brethren Hear About, Respond to Human Need 
at World Relief Luncheon 

THE MISSION of the church 
consists of three facets, noted 
Dr. Arthur Gay, president of World 
Relief Corporation of the National 
Association of Evangelicals, at this 
year's World Relief Luncheon, held 
Tuesday noon of Conference week. 

The three-fold calling of the 
church includes evangelism, dis- 
cipleship, and our biblical mandate 
to "do works of mercy, love, and 
justice." In doing the third task, 
World Relief acts as an extension 
of the local church around the 

Quoting Philippians 4:4-9 as his 
text, Dr. Gay emphasized that in 
a year of terrible tragedies in 
Rwanda and Eastern Europe, true 
peace comes from putting our 
trust in God and keeping our 

commitment to His will for us on 
earth. He noted that World Relief 
extends across denominations to 
give compassionate assistance 
wherever needed. 

In Cuba, the agency is assisting 
Haitian refugees with counseling 
and training toward their eventual 
safe re-entry into their homeland. 
In Rwanda, ministry is being ex- 
tended into the country from 
neighboring Zaire, working through 
an existing network of churches 
to meet the needs of more than 
one million refugees. Through the 
leaders of the existing evangelical 
churches, the harvest of crops has 
begun, and resettlement appears 
a viable option with the assistance 
of World Relief and other organi- 

While enjoying a good, simple 
meal of soup, bread, and fruit, 
those attending the World Relief 
Luncheon took part in an "Idea 
Fest," during which they shared 
ways to increase awareness of and 
to raise money for world hunger. 
Suggestions ranged from lock-ins 
to bake sales. Whatever method 
is used, those at the luncheon 
agreed that if the effort is made 
to inform them, Brethren will re- 
spond to those around the world 
who are in need.* 

— reported by Matthew Hamel 

'Evidence of this was forthcoming at 
the luncheon itself. Having been informed 
before Conference and also during the 
luncheon of World Reliefs need for funds 
to minister to the refugees in Rwanda, 
Brethren responded with an offering at 
the luncheon of $3,000.00 

September 1994 


General Conference Report 

Tom Youngblood Encourages Brethren 
to "Love Your Neighbor to Life" 

Director of U.S. Ministries for 
the International Bible Society, 
spoke about the importance of 
evangelism at this year's General 
Conference. During the Tuesday 
evening worship service, he encour- 
aged Brethren to take advantage 
of their opportunities to share the 
gospel. Then on Wednesday, he 
conducted an all-conference work- 
shop on evangelism entitled "Love 
Your Neighbor to Life." 

The Tuesday evening message 
focused on 2 Corinthians 2:14-16. 
Mr. Youngblood emphasized that 
Christians are the fragrance of 
Christ wherever they go. He illus- 
trated this through several stories 
of how he and others were able to 
share the gospel by seizing their 
opportunities. Using Scripture 
booklets produced by the Interna- 
tional Bible Society, he showed 
how the gospel message can be 
expressed in ways that address 
different audiences and circum- 

This encouragement to share 
the gospel reached a practical 





1 1 9 Ways To Use 
Scriptures In Evangelism 

Tom Youngblood during his Wednes- 
day Workshop. Photo by Dr. Jim Hollinger 

level in Wednesday's evangelism 
workshop. In the morning ses- 
sion, Mr. Youngblood attempted 
to take the fear out of evangelism 
by showing Conference partici- 
pants that they have several gifts 
or skills that can build bridges to 
others in preparation for sharing 
the gospel. 

Evangelism is a process 

He emphasized that evangelism 
is not an event but a process. Be- 
cause each person needs an 
average of twenty-five contacts 
before coming to Christ, Christians 
cannot accomplish this process 
alone. Believers are not responsi- 
ble for bringing someone to Christ, 
merely for being one faithful wit- 
ness in that person's life. 

Mr. Youngblood presented a 
biblical basis for evangelism in 
Jesus' command to love our 
neighbors, after which he gave an 
overview of the evangelism proc- 
ess. He described evangelism as 
consisting of 5 P's. It requires 
presence (being salt and light in 
the world, caring for others); 
proclamation (presenting the 
good news of Christ); and per- 

suasion (encouraging people to 
make a decision). The whole proc- 
ess must be surrounded by 
prayer and must be done in the 
power of the Holy Spirit. Mr. 
Youngblood encouraged partici- 
pants to commit to taking some 
action in each of these areas. 

In the afternoon session, Mr. 
Youngblood led participants 
through the process of writing 
their personal testimony and 
showed them how to move from 
that into a presentation of the 
gospel. Using Romans 6:23 and 
an illustration developed by Randy 
Raysbrook, he taught partici- 
pants how to do "One Verse Evan- 
gelism," a simple gospel presen- 
tation that takes less than four 
minutes. The workshop concluded 
with a discussion of how to as- 
similate new people into the church. 

Each participant received a book- 
let called Love Your Neighbor to 
Life containing "119 Ways To Use 
Scriptures In Evangelism," as well 
as appendices describing "One Verse 
Evangelism" and several other 
ways to present the gospel. 

\ No one in your world should 

I begin married life without a 

\ personal copy of God's Word. 

I His and Hers hardcover NIV 

j Bibles make appropriately 

I evangelistic wedding gifts — 

| especially if you include a 

\ helpful leaflet like Getting to 

I Know Your New Bible. 

One of the "1 1 9 Ways To Use 
\ Scriptures In Evangelism." 

Mr. Youngblood summed up 
evangelism with a Golden Rule: 
Be the kind of friend to others 
that you would like to have; pro- 
claim the gospel in a way that you 
would like to hear it proclaimed; 
and convince people in a way that 
you would like to be convinced. 

— reported by Dr. Brenda B. Colijn 


The Brethren Evangelist 

General Conference Report 

Concert of Prayer Led by 
Ashland Theological Seminary 

DR. FRED FINKS, president 
of Ashland Theological Sem- 
inary, welcomed the General Con- 
ference to the Wednesday eve- 
ning service, a concert of prayer 
planned by the seminary. Follow- 
ing Dr. Finks' invocation, the pro- 
gram proceeded without comment 
as the congregation followed an 
order of service prepared to bal- 
ance various kinds of prayer and 
worship. Dr. Ron Sprunger and 
his wife, Linda, led the music, as- 
sisted by members of the Ashland 
Seminary choir. 

The period of preparation fea- 
tured the Brethren hymn "Move 
in Our Midst" and a piano solo, 
"We Shall Behold Him," played by 
Mrs. Doris Shultz. The first ma- 
jor section of prayer was Praise 
and Adoration. The congregation 

sang "Great Is the Lord" and moved 
into prayer circles for the remain- 
der of the evening. A men's ensem- 
ble presented "Sovereign Lord," 
followed by the choir anthem 'To 
Worship You," based on Psalm 139. 

In the section on Thanksgiving, 
members of the congregation joined 
in singing the contemporary song 
"Give Thanks with a Grateful 
Heart" and the classic hymn "Now 
Thank We All Our God," before 
praying together in their prayer 
circles. The hymns "Holy Lord" 
and "Create in Me a Clean Heart" 
led into a time of Confession, fol- 
lowed by words of assurance and 

Consecration was the next area 
of prayer together, which com- 
bined such hymns as "Breathe on 
Me, Breath of God," "Lord, Be 

Glorified," and 'Take My Life." 
This led naturally to a time of 
prayers for Mission, which con- 
cluded with the recent hymn "Song 
for the Nations." 

A period of intercession for 
Leadership and Encouragement, 
together with the recent hymn 
"God Will Make a Way," conclud- 
ed the concert of prayer. 

Throughout the service, Scrip- 
ture readings, responsive read- 
ings, and periods of prayer were 
led by Ashland Seminary stu- 
dents Tom Sprowls, Paul Sluss, 
Eric Bargerhuff, Kurt Stout, Matt 
Snell, Sherry Bowling, and James 
Pflugfelder. The experience re- 
called those present to the devo- 
tion that is the heart of Brethren 
faith and life. 

— reported by Dr. Jerry Flora 

Focus is on Missions 
During Thursday Evening Events 

MISSIONS was the focus of 
Conference on Thursday eve- 
ning. The evening began with a 
Missionary Board Banquet, which 
was followed by a worship service 
led by the Missionary Board. 

Featured at the banquet were 
Brethren overseas missionaries 
who were in the U.S. and in at- 
tendance at Conference. Dr. K. 
Prasanth Kumar, director of the 
Brethren Mission in India, brought 
greetings on behalf of himself and 
his wife, Nirmala, and told briefly 
about the progress of Brethren mis- 
sion work in India. Missionary 
Allen Baer, on furlough from his 
work in Argentina, South Amer- 
ica, likewise brought greetings. 

During the Missionary Board 
service that followed the banquet, 
the "Missions Spotlight" was turned 
on Rev. James Black, Executive 
Director of the Missionary Board. 
Dr. Arden Gilmer, president of 

the board, presented Rev. Black a 
plaque in appreciation for his 13 
years of service to the Missionary 
Board, first as Director of 
Home Missions and then — 
since January 1985 — as Ex- 
ecutive Director of the Board. 
Rev. Black has announced his 
retirement as Executive Di- 
rector, effective May 29, 1995. 

Another special feature of 
this service was the commis- 
sioning of members of the 
STAKE (Saturation of the 
Target Area for Kingdom 
Extension) Home Missions 
Team. This team of tentmak- 
ers is now living and working 
in the Orlando, Fla., area, 
and intends to plant several 
Brethren congregations in 
that area over the course of 
the next several years. 

The speaker for the evening 
service was Pastor Rickey 

Bolden, who serves the Southeast 
Christian Fellowship in Washing- 
ton, D.C. (see next page). 

Dr. Arden Gilmer (I.) presents a plague to 
Rev. James R. Black, Executive Director of 
the Missionary Board, in appreciation for 
his 13 years of service to the board. Rev. 
Black has announced his retirement as Ex- 
ecutive Director effective May 29, 1995. 

September 1994 


General Conference Report 

Rickey Bolden Challenges Brethren 
To Get Excited About Jesus 

RICKEY BOLDEN, pastor of 
the Southeast Christian Fel- 
lowship in Washington, D.C. (for- 
merly the Washington Brethren 
Church), was the speaker on Thurs- 
day evening of Conference for the 
Missionary Board service. 

Pastor Bolden used the Ethiopian 
eunuch in Acts 8 as a model for 
excitement in the lives of believ- 
ers. He noted the fine education 
this man had received. In addi- 
tion to his native tongue, he could 
read Hebrew and speak Greek. He 
was securely employed as the fi- 
nance minister for the queen of 
Ethiopia. He was excited enough 
about his religion to travel hun- 
dreds of miles in a chariot to wor- 

ship in 
s a 1 e m . 
But he 
was lost. 
a disci- 
ple of 
the kind 
of joy 

that at- 

x - Pastor Rickey Bolden 

people to Christ. The Ethiopian 
eunuch invited Philip up into his 
chariot. The result was twofold: 
First, the eunuch humbled him- 

Commissioning of the STAKE Home Missions Team that intends to plant 
several churches in the Orlando, Fla., area was an exciting feature of tlie 
Missionary Board service at Conference. Those commissioned (*) and those 
helping with the commissioning were (I. to r.) Rev. David Stone, Annalee Hoover*, 
Dawn Kidd*, Enid Schrader* , Robert Geddes*, Dr. Arden Gilmer, Denise* and 
Rev. Kerry* Scott (with their three children), Rev. Russell Gordon (back to 
camera), Rev. James Black, and Mark Ray*. Vanda Funkhouser, who also 
serves on the STAKE Team, was unable to be at Conference for the commis- 
sioning service. Photo by Dr. Jim Hollinger 

Conference Offerings 

Evening offerings received 
throughout General Conference 
week were designated for various 

Offerings Monday and Tuesday 
evenings were designated for 
evangelism ministries of the na- 
tional office. The total offering for 
these two nights was $1,886.91. 

Wednesday's offering of $1,154.53 
will be used for Brethren student 
scholarships at the seminary. The 

$1,492.39 from Thursday's offer- 
ing will support Brethren Home 
Missions. Total for the evening 
offerings was $4,533.83. 

Tuesday's World Relief lunch- 
eon offering of $3,201.00 was des- 
ignated for Rwanda relief. 

National W.M.S. sponsored a 
quilt and crafts auction following 
the Missionary Board service. A 
total of $900 was raised for mis- 
sion work in Lima, Peru. 

self to Philip's level. You can't come 
to Jesus with a proud heart. Sec- 
ond, the eunuch "went on his way 
rejoicing." Paul instructs us to 
"Rejoice in the Lord always" (Phil. 
4:4). The tragedy is that we have 
let Satan take away our joy by 
causing us to become more con- 
cerned about buildings, organs, and 
names (church names and affili- 
ation) than about the souls of the 
lost. Is this the Brethren way? 

Pastor Bolden went on to point 
out that to rejoice is to share your 
life. People can tell when they 
walk into your church whether 
you're excited about Jesus or if 
you're burned out. 

Second, to rejoice is to obey Jesus. 
Eight people got excited about 
Jesus in 1708 and the result is 
thousands of Brethren today. It's 
not good enough to say, "We held 
our ground." That is an insult to 
those who are obeying the Great 
Commission. The world is wait- 
ing for another eight people to 
stand up for Jesus Christ. 

Third, to rejoice is to break bar- 
riers. You begin to look at the 
hearts of people and not at the 
color of their skin or their physi- 
cal condition. 

Pastor Bolden closed with a story 
of Cecil, a young man deformed 
by cerebral palsy. Cecil's mother 
explained to Pastor Bolden how 
they had been put out of every 
church they had attended. When 
Cecil came to Southeast Chris- 
tian Fellowship in his wheelchair 
that first Sunday, he stuttered 
out a greeting to the pastor. Then 
one Sunday Pastor Bolden no- 
ticed a disturbance during the 
worship service coming from 
Cecil's direction. Cecil was work- 
ing his way toward the altar, 
where he got excited about Jesus. 
Now Cecil is pushing the wheel- 
chairs of others whom he is help- 
ing to bring into the church. Is 
that the Brethren way? Amen! 

— reported by Rev. Fred Miller 


The Brethren Evangelist 

Hhc r Wornayis Oxmoof^O^sUtter 

'JLpukUcatwn, of the fycthren- ( V/oma»Cs Missionary Society 

September-October 1994 

Volume 8, Number 1 


Devotions given by Polly Benshoff, WMS Conference, August 9, 1994 

Chosen from I Peter 2:9, we read the 
following declaration: But ye are a cho- 
sen generation, a royal priesthood, an 
holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye 
should show forth the praises of him 
who hath called you out of darkness 
into his marvelous light. 

In the dispensation of grace, all be- 
lievers are unconditionally constituted 
a "kingdom of priests." The chief privi- 
lege of a priest is access to God. Under 
law, only the high priest could enter 
the "holy of holies" and could do that 
only once a year. But when Christ 
died, the veil, the type of Christ's hu- 
man body (Heb. 10:20) was rent (torn, 
opened) so that now the believer 
priests, equally with Christ the High 
Priest, have access to God in the holi- 
est (Heb. 10:19-22). The High Priest is 
corporally there, as stated in Hebrews. 

In the New Testament, the believer 
priest is the one who offers a three-fold 
sacrifice: (1) his living body; (2) praise 
to God, which is the fruit of the lips 
that are giving thanks to God's name 
(to be offered continually); and (3) his 
substance — doing good, sharing what 
you have with others (Heb. 13:16). The 
New Testament priest is also an inter- 
cessor. First Timothy 2:1 — I exhort 
therefore, that, first of all supplica- 
tions, prayers, intercessions, and giving 
of thanks, be made for all men: (yes, 
even for kings and all that are in 
authority). Why? So that we may lead 
a quiet and peaceable life in all godli- 
ness and honesty (v. 2). Nothing should 
keep us from the throne of grace. Like 
Epaphras, we should give ourselves 
wholly to the priestly work of interces- 
sion, so that those for whom we pray 
may stand perfect and complete in all 
the will of God (Col. 4:12). 

My, how circumstances, family cri- 
ses, social problems, church disunity, 
fears, attitudes, could all change be- 
cause of our priestly commitment to 
prayer! We should labor in prayer. 
This pleases our Heavenly Father. 

The Old Testament priesthood shows 

us that, until the law was given, the 
head of each family was the family priest 
(Gen. 8:20; 26:25; 31:54). When the 
law was given, the promise to perfect 
obedience was that Israel should be 
unto God "a kingdom of priests" (Ex. 
19:6), but Israel violated that law and 
God shut up the priestly office to 
Aaron's family, appointing the tribe of 
Levi to minister to them, thus consti- 
tuting the typical priesthood (Ex. 28:1). 
Let's look at the believer's life in 
view of his position in Christ: 

(1) "But you are a chosen people"; 
The Holy Spirit helped us see our need 
of a Saviour, to be cleansed from the 
sins of the past. We knew that Jesus 
was the remedy for our sins. We be- 
lieved Jesus' blood was shed for our 
redemption. God chose us to know Je- 
sus and to believe Him to be our sin 
bearer. We accepted and pledged our 
lives to Him. Thus we become set 
apart for special duty. Not everyone 
doing the same things in the same 
way, but deliberately spending our 
lives telling the "good news" of Jesus' 
suffering for mankind, so they too can 
enjoy being one of God's chosen people. 

(2) "A royal priesthood"; Since the 
chief privilege of a priest is access to 
God, we can go to God individually and 
He hears us, each one. It is so hum- 
bling to think that Almighty God would 
pay attention to my supplications, tri- 
als, and misunderstandings. Yet, He 
does! He judges each person impar- 
tially and treats everyone with favor. 
What a blessing and what a bonus for 
stumbling and faulty men and women. 

(3) "An Holy Nation"; The meaning 
of "Holy" is simply set apart for the use 
of God or rendered sacred by the di- 
vine present. God wants us to be holy 
as a nation, like He wanted Israel to 
be; to stand out and above all the pol- 
itics, sin, blasphemy, and "God-is- 
dead" ideas that abound today. God 
has blessed our nation far and above 
any nation on the earth, and we have 
flaunted His goodness to the wind. 

When God chose believers to be an 
holy nation, He was in charge! Israel 
was to obey Him. We are His servants 
doing His work, representing Him to 
people everywhere. When were we so 
willing to let Satan get an advantage 
over our nation? We get comfortable 
and satisfied, but, in the meantime, 
the undermining evil force is at work 
tearing down the very fabric that men 
have given their lives for. God called 
out Israel time and time again, when 
they followed other gods. He will do 
the same for us, if we remember whose 
we are and turn back to the God who 
has led us thus far. 

First Peter 1:14-16 says, As obedient 
children, do not conform to the evil de- 
sires you had when you lived in igno- 
rance. But just as he who called you is 
holy, so be holy in all you do; for it is 
written: "Be holy, because I am holy" 
(Niv). We should be holy because we 
are God's children. 

(4) "A peculiar people"; Called out, 
separated from the world, separated 
(continued on page 2) 

On. 'Manoricm 

Precious in the sight of the Lord is the 
death of his saints. Psalm 116:15 

Aida May Munson died July 6. She 
was a member of Ashland Park Street 
Brethren Church and WMS. One of 
her gifts was service: in 1966 she 
helped to establish and was still a 
member of the World Relief Sewing 
group; she was a volunteer for the 
American Red Cross and the Bayfront 
Medical Center in St. Petersburg, Fla., 
with more than 500 hours of service; 
and she knit winter hats for the Cleve- 
land welfare children. We are thankful 
for her life and love. 

Called to Declare (continued) 

unto God. A special people to do God's 
work in the world. People don't under- 
stand our behavior at times, especially 
if we are quick to forgive, able to for- 
get, kind when someone has mis- 
treated us, able to pray for friend or 
foe. No matter what, we see the way 
our Heavenly Father did through 
Jesus and we respond lovingly, uncon- 
ditionally, and show Jesus in us. That 
all makes us peculiar to the world. The 
world and unbelievers seek revenge, 
but Christians show a different way to 
live life. We want to show the world we 
belong to God. We don't parade signs 
saying it; we simply live it everyday at 
home and everywhere. Our families 
need to see the difference too. Love is 
the key word. We love because He first 
loved us. 

(5) "Shew forth the praises of Him 
who hath called you out of darkness 
into His marvelous light"; We read in 
Exodus 25:22, I will commune with thee 
from above the mercy seat. Romans 
12:1 says, I beseech you therefore, breth- 
ren, by the mercies of God, that ye pre- 
sent your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, 
acceptable unto God, which is your rea- 
sonable [acceptable] service. And be not 
conformed to this world: but be ye 
transformed by the renewing of your 
mind, that ye may prove what is that 
good, and acceptable, and perfect, will 
of God. Psalm 136 reminds us to give 
thanks and praise the Lord because 
He is good, He is God above all gods, 
Lord of lords who doeth great things 
and whose mercy endureth forever. All 
things were made by him: and without 
him was not any thing made that was 
made (John 1:3). Our praise is due 
Him continually because we are recipi- 
ents of all He is, all He does, and all 
He will do. Because we are in Him 
through Jesus' blood, we praise His 
holy name! He has called us from sin- 
ful practices into salvation and the 
promise of heaven. 

We who are "called to declare" the 
unsearchable riches of the scriptures 
have our work cut out for us. We can 
even be missionaries in our own homes 
by letting Jesus show in our lives 
when dealing with family situations. 

We can help our families to put 
Jesus first in their lives, homes, and 
workplace by being willing to help in 
time of need, and to be willing to be 
inconvenienced to help wherever and 
whomever we can. 

A recent communication came to me 
about a sailor in World War II whose 
parents had not heard from him for so 
long they considered him a war victim. 
But near the end of the war, the par- 
ents had a phone call and it was their 

son's voice. He was alive! How happy 
they were! During the course of their 
conversation, he explained that he had 
been caring for a war victim and found 
it difficult to write. This sailor lost a 
leg, an arm, an eye, and part of his 
face. His parents expressed concern 
over the poor sailor and then praised 
their son for caring for him. 

The son then asked his parents for 
permission to bring this boy home to 
live with them. The son explained he 
didn't have another home nor anyone 
else to care for him. His parents ex- 
pressed their concern for this wounded 
sailor, but didn't feel they could have 
him brought home to be a constant 
care. They didn't want the job of caring 
for such a battle-scarred sailor at this 
time in their lives. So the son said he 
understood and expressed his love for 
his parents and hung up. 

The morning after they spoke with 
their son, they received a telegram 
from naval officials stating that their 
son had jumped from a window to his 
death. The parents couldn't under- 
stand why their son had reacted so vio- 
lently to their decision, until the body 
arrived and, upon opening the casket 
to view the body, they saw that it was 
their son who had lost a leg, an arm, 
an eye, and part of his face. How grief - 
stricken they were; how sorry that 
they had refused their son's request. 

God has called us to be His special 
emissaries to represent Him here on 
earth to anyone and to everyone. Not 
just happy to receive Christ ourselves, 
but to pass along the "good news" that 
"Jesus loves you and has an eternal 
plan for your life." Let us declare to 
everyone what God has done for us. It 
will make a great difference in this old 
sinful world. We truly are called to de- 
clare Jesus to a lost world. Our obedi- 
ence to His Word pleases God, who 
treasures us. 

Can we continue to say "no" when 
He has done so much? We are called to 
declare His marvelous works. Let's do 

"Called to Declare" 

T-Peter 2:9 

fk Appreciation 

1. To God our Heavenly Father for 
the blessings of the week. We were 
blessed far beyond our expectations 
with His presence, inspiration, friends, 
tears, hugs, and beautiful weather. 

2. To the General Conference Ex- 
ecutive Council (GCEC) for planning 
the inspirational Conference based on 
the theme, "Called to Declare." 

3. To the WMS executive board for 
their development of the Conference 
theme for the women. 

4. To Polly Benshoff (Ashland Park 
St.) for her inspiring and challenging 
devotional talk. 

5. To Sue Price (Milford) for design- 
ing the cover of the WMS program 
book, calling the WMS member to de- 

6. To Berniece Miller, the liaison 
from the National Church Office to the 
University. Much of the smooth opera- 
tion of Conference was due to planning 
and "behind the scenes" work by 

7. To Tom McConahay, the auction- 

8. To the Ashland University staff 
who provided a beautiful campus, deli- 
cious food, clean facilities, and for 
their friendliness and kindnesses. 

9. To Grace Grumbling (Johnstown), 
the retiring general secretary. In addi- 
tion to this position for three years, 
Grace edited the Woman's Outlook for 
many years. 

10. To Marsha Nies (Masontown), 
who beautifully sang a favorite of 
many, "His Eye is on the Sparrow." 


Published bimonthly in January, 
March, May, July, September, and No- 
vember by the Woman's Missionary 
Society of The Brethren Church. 

Mrs. Dorman Ronk, Editor 
1325 Coachman Court 
Ashland, Ohio 44805 

Subscription price, $7.50 per year in 

Send all subscriptions to Mrs. Robert 
Kroft, 608 Twp. Road 1151, RD 5, Ash- 
land, OH 44805. 

Woman's Outlook Newsletter 


'To Be God's People" 

Almighty Father, give us a vision of 
a dying world that needs Your love 
and care. 

We see the need, the yearning for a 
Savior, In Jesus' name, grant this our 

And when we falter be Thou our 
comfort; guide us as Your children that 
our lives may be 

A beacon in this darkness that sur- 
rounds us, A light that others then may 

To be God's people in this place, live 
His goodness, share His grace, 

Proclaim God's mercy through His 
Son, be His love to ev'ry one. 

Nancy Hunn (Nappanee), song leader, 
and Dee Keplinger (Linwood), pianist, 
introduced the theme song by Charles 
F. Brown. It's a beautiful poem with a 
very singable melody. Even if the song 
is not in your hymnal, the poem can be 
our prayer, as we individually strive to 
declare. The poem is based on Phil. 
2:15-16, which states that we are to 
shine like "lights in the world." 

Study Polly Benshoffs devotions. She 
traced the "royal priesthood" through- 
out the Bible right down to us and 
then reminded us what to declare. 
This is a kind but urgent challenge. 


The committees and the results of 
their efforts are: 

Credential : Mary Garver and Vir- 
ginia Hook, both from Linwood, re- 
corded a total of 108 delegates, officers, 
and guests. 

Nominating : Charlene Rowser 
(Goshen), Joy Zook (Johnstown) and 
Mary Lou Gordon (Ardmore). The 
elected officers are President — Shirley 
Black (Ashland Park St.), Vice Presi- 
dent — Judy Tinkel (Milford), Financial 
Secretary — Joanne Kroft (Ashland 
Garber), and Treasurer — JoAnn Sea- 
man (Ashland Park St.). 

Auditing : Donna Stoffer and Bonnie 
Gibson, both from Ashland Garber. 
The books of the financial secretary 
and the literature secretaries were in 
good order. The treasurer's books were 
approved by an outside auditor. 

ABCs : These are the Annual Basic 
Commitments for individuals and so- 
cieties. We sometimes call them 
"goals" — the foundation for personal 
and corporate growth. 

For Individuals: 

1. Have personal daily devotions, 
including Bible reading and prayer. 

September-October 1994 

2. Personally invite at least one 
non-member, including high school 
girls, to your regular meetings. 

3. Read two suggested books. 

For the Society: 

4. Sponsor a special ministry, serv- 
ice, or activity in which: 

a. the purpose of WMS is promoted. 

b. an offering is received for the 

5. Offerings and dues: (ALL CHECKS 
should be made payable to the Na- 
tional WMS and sent to the Financial 
Secretary: JOANNE KROFT, 608 Twp. 
Rd. 1151; Route 5, Ashland, Ohio 
44805). (The caps are a reminder that 
if your checks go directly to any of the 
designated recipients, your society 
doesn't receive credit for it, because 
Joanne doesn't know.) 

a. National dues of $7.50 per mem- 
ber paid by October 31. Send with the 
revised Newsletter subscription list. 

b. An offering for the Seminary any 
time during the year. 

c. Thank Offering for benevolences 
and project offering, if not brought to 
National Conference. 

6. Promote work for World Relief; 
follow suggestions in the WMS Service 
Guide for other benevolences. 

7. Correspond regularly with Home 
and World missionaries. 

8. Support the growth of the chil- 
dren and/or youth ministries of your 
church with prayers, finances, and 

9. Evaluate your society's accom- 
plishments in a written summary to 
the General Secretary by July 1. 

Special Challenge: 

10. Continue to encourage and nur- 
ture the girls and young women of 
your church. "Mentor" is an "in" word 
at present; it is also necessary. Be an 
example, a friend to the girls and 
young ladies in your church — encour- 
age, listen, and teach them. 

Financial reports to date are: 
Project: $10,863.33 was received for 
the first year of establishing an endow- 
ment for Malaysia, providing seminary 
training for nationals. The two-year 
goal is $25,000. Continue to pray for 
David and Jenny Loi and the other na- 
tional missionaries in Malaysia. 

Thank Offering : $9,424.28 was re- 
ceived for this offering, which is desig- 
nated for missions, both world and home, 
and Christian education: Riverside 
Christian School, Campus Ministry, 
the Seminary, and the AU scholarship. 
Usually some offerings are received 

after conference, and we hope this is 
the case again this fall. Both the pro- 
ject and thank offering are several 
hundred dollars less than last year, 
which will adversely affect our budget- 
ing and giving at next year's confer- 
ence. If your offering has not been 
sent, or if you have additional funds in 
your treasury, consider contributing 
them now to the national WMS work. 

Dues : National dues remain at $7.50 
per member. This money is used for 
Publications and Other Expenses. 

Budget : JoAnn Seaman, treasurer, 
presented the budget as proposed by 
the Board, which was adopted by the 
WMS conference. 

Benevolences $17,330 

ATS 4,410 

World/Home Missions 8,920 

Campus Ministry 1,500 

Riverside Christian 

School 1,500 

Scholarship AU 1,000 

Publications 7,990 


Devotional Guide 
Other Expenses 2,880 


Social Security 

Gifts and Conference 

Total $28,200 

Appointed Officers : The Board's rec- 
ommendations were approved: 

General Secretary, Nancy Hunn 

Assistant, Trudy Kerner 

Sewing and World Relief Coordina- 
tor, Joan Merrill 

Editor, Newsletter, Joan Ronk 

Editor, Devotional Guide, Jeanette 

Subscription Secretary, Ginny Hoyt 

Literature Secretary, Kathleen 

Assistant, Doris Shultz 

Scholarship : Karen Robins, a senior 
from Tucson, Arizona, received the 
WMS scholarship to Ashland Univer- 
sity. You may know her; she is a Cru- 
sader in the summer. The WMS 
Scholarship is awarded to a senior in 
good standing at Ashland University. 

Devotional Guide : This year Jeanette 
Sullivan developed the theme "A Leg- 
acy of Faith" for our monthly study. 
Jeanette believes that "God continues 
to call us as a Woman's Missionary So- 
ciety to invest our energies in training 
the younger women in our churches to 
live godly lives." This emphasizes the 
mentoring part of Commitment 10. 

Jeanette shares her Milledgeville 
(continued on page 4) 

Highlights (continued) 

WMS sisters with us. Lucille Woessner 
prepared the program ideas again, and 
recipes from the church's 1991 cook- 
book are included. They sound deli- 
cious! Thank you, Jeanette. 

Brethren Service Guide : Joan Merrill 
revised this publication and included 
many worthwhile ideas for your soci- 
ety to use. Sincere thanks to Joan and 
Marjorie Bennett, her typist. 

Joan gratefully acknowledged the 
items for the auction: the Precious Mo- 
ments quilt top pieced by Milledgeville 
Brethren Beacons, wall hangings 
quilted by Christina Moyers (Bridge- 
water) and the Linwood ladies. Addi- 
tional items were contributed also. 


More than 200 ladies attended the 
Thursday luncheon. Each centerpiece 
was a 15" tall angel made of white 
cones and crocheted wings, holding a 
gold horn. The West Alexandria ladies 
provided the table decorations and the 
Midwest District made the program 
booklets, which coordinated beauti- 
fully with the angel centerpieces. Well 
done, ladies! 

The North Manchester bell choir, 
Clarion Bells, presented a beautiful 
concert. Kurt Stout narrated scripture 
and prose, and Linda Warner directed 
approximately 18 men and ladies. 
Their music was truly lovely. 

Nirmala Kumar brought greetings 
from India. She likened each of us to 
an individual bell with a nice sound, 
but together we praise the Lord! 

The South Bend society planned the 
project ingathering. Beverly Baker 
gave background information about 
Malaysia (one missionary for 91,000 
people), and Karen Crossen received 
the offerings. Dee Keplinger played 
background music. 

The ladies from Peru presented an 
uplifting memorial service . Waneta 
Fenster read while Susie Stout pre- 
pared an ultraviolet lighted flannel- 
graph. It was impressive. 

The thank offering service was 
planned by the Sarver ladies. Marsha 
Nulph read Psalm 100 and sang "How 
Could I Ask for More," accompanied by 
Marsha Nies. Helen McAfoose received 
the offerings while we joined in sing- 
ing "Bring a Gift of Love." Dorothy 
Rose Tinkel concluded with prayer. 

The auction was enjoyed by many! 
Tom McConahay helped to raise $900, 
which is designated for a new mission 
work in Lima, Peru. 

Russ Gordon, retiring Conference 
moderator, installed the elected and 
appointed officers, basing his remarks 
on Col. 3:23-24. 

CMissiona/i] ^jMiscdlany 

Prasanth and Nirmala Kumar brought 
joy to our hearts as they talked about 
the Brethren Mission in India. They 
love their people, and it is their privi- 
lege to share Christ's gift of salvation. 

Prasanth spoke at the Missionary 
Board dinner and Nirmala spoke at 
the WMS luncheon. They radiate with 
God's love. Kumar said the Indian mis- 
sion began 25 years ago with two bap- 
tized Christians — himself and Nirmala. 
Now 3,705 are baptized members! 
Only 20% of India's population is 

The Kumars have three methods of 
ministry: (1) proclamation, (2) evangel- 
ism, and (3) service, patterning their 
ministry after Jesus' — His ministry 
was for the whole person. 

Unfortunately, each village has a 
temple with a village goddess whom 
the heathen worship. There are ap- 
proximately 1 million gods (idols) in 
that nation, supporting the fact that 
80% live in spiritual darkness. The 
Kumars have established 160 preach- 
ing points. Men are trained at the Bi- 
ble Institute as (1) pastor, (2) teacher, 
and (3) primary health assistant. After 
one year at the Institute, they return 
to their villages. They preach of God's 
love and His gift of salvation; they 
teach reading and basic subjects; and 
administer simple medication. The 
support is $35 per month. 

Nirmala appreciated the former na- 
tional project, which provided the or- 
phanage for 20 girls. These are destitute 
village girls who are now in a Chris- 
tian home, receiving an education. 
There are 30 boys in the boys' orphan- 
age. Eventually the Kumars hope to 
house 50 in each orphanage. In the 
service program, 100 women and 60 
men receive vocational training, which 
gives them a trade so they can be self- 

This summer Juan Carlos and Maria 
Miranda moved to 204 Silvermill Ct., 
Columbia, SC 29210-4477. Like nearly 
everyone who moves, Maria said she is 
still fitting everything in, but they en- 
joy their home. Maria showed her pen 
which she used for 15 years to write 
her radio scripts — it looked worn out! 
With a new pen in a new location, 
Maria continues to reach Spanish- 
speaking audiences. She is very appre- 
ciative of the cards, prayers, and 
support of the ladies and the Mission- 
ary Board. 

As she continues to share words of 
encouragement on her program, she 
solicits our prayers that her program 
"Para Ti Mujer" may continue. Tapes 
of her programs are available from her 
at no cost, except for the postage. Per- 

haps, after listening, your society would 
send an offering to the Missionary 
Board designated for Maria's radio 

Nancy Hostetler brought greetings 
from Riverside Christian School at 
Lost Creek, KY. She appreciated your 
prayers and finances, and said the 
work teams were fantastic! The staff is 
encouraged by all the remembrances 
they receive, and Nancy asked that we 
keep on doing what we do so well! 

The September missionaries of the 
month are three home mission pastors: 
Jim and Lois Sluss at Krypton, Ky.; 
Tom and Tiona Conrad at Greenwood, 
Ind.; and Mark Logan, 340 Brethren 
Church, Bridgewater, Va. 

The October missionaries are Maria 
Miranda with her Hispanic radio pro- 
gram and Allen Baer in Buenos Aires, 
Argentina. Allen, the only North Amer- 
ican Brethren missionary in Argentina 
at this time, completed his furlough and 
returned to Buenos Aires soon after 
conference. As a tentmaker, he is a 
private tutor. As a churchman, he is 
the consultant to the Brethren Churches 
in Argentina. 

Ik 'Editor's Biditw 

Dear Ladies, 

I hope you can capture some of the 
enthusiasm of the WMS conference. It 
was a very good week. Now, we put 
feet to our ideas! 

The first society to return their 
membership list and their check for 
dues is White Dale! Congratulations, 
ladies! Joanne Kroft was happy to 
hear from you. 

Much advice and many jokes are ex- 
changed about Labor Day. It is a holi- 
day, started in 1882, observed in both 
U.S. and Canada in honor of working 
people. That's us! "Women's work is 
never done" and sometimes we agree. 
However, instead of thinking of work, 
think of your task as service. 

In his installation remarks, Russ 
Gordon asked the officers, "Whom are 
you doing this for?" And that question 
should permeate everything we do. No 
matter where we work or what we do, 
we are serving the Lord Christ. This 
brightens every job. So, happy labor- 

Your friend, 

Woman's Outlook Newsletter 

General Conference Report 

"The Devoted Church . . . Grows" 
To be 1995 General Conference Theme 

conclude this year's Confer- 
ence, new moderator Rev. Reilly 
Smith introduced the 1995 Gen- 
eral Conference theme — 'The 
Devoted Church . . . Grows" — 
based on Acts 2:42^7. 

In his introduction, Smith said 
that he had been under attack 
by the evil one during the past 
year. The attacks focused on the 
idea, "You are not worthy." But 
at the July Promise Keepers 
rally in Boulder, Colorado, he 
received a clear indication that 
"we don't have to be worthy be- 
cause the Lord is worthy." 

He reminded delegates that 
though the outcome of spiritual 
warfare is decided in God's fa- 
vor, many battles still remain 
to be fought. At the cross, he said, 
"Jesus kicked his [the devil's] 
teeth out. He'll try to gum you to 
death, but you'll have to stand still 
to let him do it!" 

In discussing the theme pas- 
sage, Smith commented that the 
word "devoted" has Old Testament 
roots. To devote something meant 
to give it over completely to God, 
and it usually involved killing 
everything associated with it. He 
cited the New Testament parallel 
by Paul in Romans 12:1, 
that we are to be "living sac- 
rifices," totally given over to 

Smith highlighted four ac- 
tivities of the early church 
as being exemplary for The 
Brethren Church today. 
First, they were devoted "to 
the apostles' teaching." 
Holding up his Bible, he said, 
"We must devote ourselves 
to the contents of this book, 
and then we will grow. . . . 
We need to get in the Word, 
but we need to get it out as 

Second, the early believers 
were devoted "to the fellow- 
ship." "We need to devote 

Photo by Ryan Gordon 

New moderator Rev. Reilly Smith with 
his wife, Cindy, and two of their four chil- 
dren, daughters Katrina (I.) and Jofaya. 

ourselves to one another. We 
need to do it at home, in our dis- 
tricts, at the national level, and 
in the national offices. That 
means participating in the minis- 
tries of The Brethren Church at 
home and in our districts and na- 
tionally with our time and efforts 
and even with our pocketbooks." 

Third, we must join the early 
believers in being devoted "to the 
breaking of bread." He noted that 
while there is a Communion as- 

pect here, much more is in- 
tended. "We need to invest our- 
selves outside . . . the four 
walls of our churches and get 
into one another's lives," he said. 
Finally, the believers were 
devoted "to prayer." Smith said 
this applies to communication 
with each member of the Trin- 
ity. Mentioning in particular the 
indwelling presence of the Holy 
Spirit, he said, "The Spirit's 
ready to be tuned in anytime 
we want to be tuned in. And if 
we get in tune and stay in 
tune, the Spirit will do power- 
ful things in our lives. 

As one expression of our 
commitment to be investing 
ourselves in one another and in 
tuning in to God, Smith en- 
couraged each delegate to take 
home a leaf from 'The Tree of 
Life," praying for one new be- 
liever or member of the church 
throughout the coming year. 

He concluded by asking outgo- 
ing past moderator Glenn Grum- 
bling and the new moderator- 
elect, Richard Allison, to pray for 
denominational executives and 
himself, while GCEC members 
laid hands on each leader. 

— reported by Ronald W. Waters 

Unique at this 
year's Conference 
were several "liv- 
ing statues " on 
"display" at vari- 
ous times through- 
out the week, pre- 
sented by youth ad- 
visors attending the 
BYIC Convention. 
On Friday morn- 
ing (I. to r.) Gregg 
Caughell, Kristi 
Medsger (kneeling), 
Kurt Stout, Marty 
Haskins, and Cheryl 
Smith portrayed 
the scourging of 
Jesus before His 

Photo by Dr. Jim Hollinger 

September 1994 


General Conference Report 

General Conference Business 

Delegates who attended General 
Conference spent most of Tuesday 
and Thursday mornings and part 
of Friday morning handling the 
business of the denomination. 
Ronald W. Waters, Director of 
Brethren Church Ministries, pre- 
pared the following summary of 
what was accomplished. 


Rev. Reilly Smith was installed 
as the new moderator, having 
served the past year as moderator- 
elect. Smith is pastor of the Mul- 
vane, Kans., Brethren Church. He 
has been a member of the Gen- 
eral Conference Executive Coun- 
cil (GCEC) since 1990. He is also 
a member of the Missionary Board. 

Dr. Richard Allison is the new 
moderator-elect and will be mod- 
erator in 1995-96. He was unop- 
posed on the ballot. Allison is pro- 
fessor of Christian Education at 
Ashland Theological Seminary. He 
was previously moderator in 1969. 

Mrs. Jeanette Sullivan, a home- 
maker from Milledgeville, 111., was 
re-elected to GCEC for a full three- 
year term as Plains Region repre- 
sentative. Also elected to GCEC 
were Rev. H. Raymond Aspinall, 
pastor of the Bryan, Ohio, First 
Brethren Church (member at-large, 
full term); and Rev. Mark Brit- 
ton, pastor of the Derby, Kans., 
First Brethren Church (member at- 

large , one-year unexpired term). 

The following were elected to 
Brethren Church Ministries com- 

Spiritual Formation — Brian 
Moore (ch.), Fred Brandon, Car- 
olyn Cooksey, Jerry Flora, and 
Dee Keplinger. 

Evangelism & Church Growth 
— Cindy Smith (ch.), Steve Cole, 
Tom Conrad, Cheryl Ennis, and 
Emery Hurd. 

Leadership Development — Mary 
Ellen Drushal (ch.), Roy Andrews, 
Sherry Bowling, Jim Hollinger, 
and Sherry Van Duyne. 

New church 

The Krypton, Ky., Brethren 
Church was elevated from a class 
to full church status. This congre- 
gation was an outgrowth of the 
pioneering ministry of Margaret 
Lowery. The class was formally 
chartered in August 1991, and 
Rev. Jim Sluss became pastor in 
July 1992. During the past sum- 
mer, attendance was averaging in 
the high 70s. 

Organizational Study 

The 1993 General Conference 
authorized the moderator to ap- 
point a committee to employ an 
outside facilitator to assist in the 
development of "comprehensive 
strategies for long-range and 

Newly elected (*) and formerly elected members of General Conference Executive 
Council, photographed during their installation, are (I. to r.) moderator Reilly Smith, past 
moderator Russell Gordon, moderator-elect Richard Allison*, Gene Eckerley, Raymond 
Aspinall*, Jeanette Sullivan* (re-elected for a fill term), Brenda Colijn, Mark Britton*, 
Pat Velanzon, and (not pictured) Dave West. Photo by Ryan Gordon 

short-range financial and organ- 
izational planning." The commit- 
tee completed its work and pre- 
sented its report to GCEC in 
March. (See summary report in the 
April 1994 Evangelist, pages 10-11; 
copies of the consultant's full report 
are available from The Brethren 
Church National Office for $5.00 plus 
$2.00 for postage and handling.) 

GCEC had previously announced 
that it would bring no formal rec- 
ommendations on reorganization 
to this year's Conference. Instead, 
guided small-group discussions of 
the study's findings were held dur- 
ing the Thursday morning busi- 
ness session. 

A summary of the discussions 
will be presented to the National 
Leadership Council, GCEC, and 
the Missionary Board in meetings 
this fall. 

New agreement 

A new covenant of understand- 
ing between The Brethren Church, 
Inc., and the Missionary Board was 
announced to the Conference. The 
purpose of the covenant is to forge 
a closer working relationship be- 
tween the two organizations. 

The covenant calls for formation 
of a National Leadership Council 
composed of the General Confer- 
ence Moderator-Track, the Direc- 
tor of Brethren Church Ministries 
(DBCM), and the president and the 
Executive Director of the Mission- 
ary Board. The council will meet 
about four times per year to con- 
sider matters of mutual interest 
and concern of both corporate bod- 
ies and of the church as a whole. 

The covenant also calls for the 
DBCM to attend Missionary Board 
meetings and the Executive Di- 
rector of the Missionary Board to 
attend GCEC meetings. 

In addition, the two organiza- 
tions have agreed to form a joint 
Office of Stewardship and Planned 
Giving as a first step in address- 
ing the long-term financial needs 
of the church. The Missionary 
Board envisioned such an office 


The Brethren Evangelist 

several years ago and offered to 
enter into a joint arrangement 
with the church. Rev. James R. 
Black will be employed as part- 
time director of the office upon 
his retirement in May 1995. 

Motion on baptism study 

Conference delegates adopted a 
motion (with 62% voting in favor 
of the motion) that "the National 
Association of Brethren Church 
Elders be charged with studying 
the issue of the reception of peo- 
ple into local church membership 
who had previously been baptized 
by any form of believer's baptism 
and that the association bring a 
recommendation to the 1995 Gen- 
eral Conference. Further, those who 
have views for and against this 
issue be encouraged to state their 
views in the EVANGELIST." 

The study is a follow-up to an 
extensive examination of belief 
and practice of baptism in the 
1970s. That study resulted in ac- 
tion to retain trine immersion as 
the mode of baptism in The 
Brethren Church but to allow 
congregations the option of re- 
ceiving persons who had been im- 
mersed as believers by any other 

The proposed study will con- 
sider whether it is biblically per- 
missible to receive into member- 
ship persons who have been bap- 
tized by a mode other than im- 
mersion (by pouring or sprinkling, 
for example) after they have made 
a profession of faith in Jesus Christ. 
The study does not propose a 
change in the historic Brethren 
practice of trine immersion. 

1995 local church goals 

Conference adopted four major 
goals for recommendation to local 
churches. These goals are essen- 
tially the same as those recom- 
mended for 1994. They reflect the 
mission statement of The Breth- 
ren Church and the "Priorities for 
the Nineties." 

One goal calls for congregations 
to "study the possibility of begin- 
ning a new church by December 
31, 1995, either singly or with one 
or more other congregations, with 
the cooperation of the national 

Missionary Board and the New 
Church Development Commis- 
sion." This is the final year for 
this goal, which was first recom- 
mended in 1993. 

Congregations are also encour- 
aged to "challenge and officially 
call at least one person/couple/ 
family from the congregation to 
prepare for or enter vocational 
ministry." The goals report for 
1993 revealed that 65 percent of 
reporting churches had neither 
called anyone to ministry during 
the year nor had anyone in prep- 
aration for ministry. 

Other goals related to on-going 
denominational emphases and 
fair share support goals. The fair 
share support figures have re- 
mained the same since 1992. 

Statistical Report 

At the end of 1993, membership 
in The Brethren Church totaled 
13,117, down 15 from 1992. Districts 
that increased in membership were 
Ohio (up 5%), Southwest (up 3%), 
and Midwest (up less than 1 %). 

Membership growth by conversion 
was up 31% over 1992, and total 
membership gain was 1,030. Rever- 
sion (members removed from the 
roll) was the largest factor in losses, 
accounting for 642 members (61% 
of the losses). On the bright side, 
total membership losses were down 
nearly 6% from 1 992. 

Average worship attendance for 
1993 was 10,717, down 382 (3%). 
Only two districts had an increase in 
worship attendance — Midwest (up 
24%) and Southwest (up 4%). 

Average Sunday school attendance 
continued to slide, dropping 4% for 
the year. Only the Pennsylvania Dis- 
trict had an increase in Sunday 
school attendance, up nearly 3% 
over 1992. 

Total giving to local churches was 
up 5%, at $8.2 million, with total lo- 
cal church income at $9.1 million. 
Total expenses were $8.4 million. 
Giving per member was $623, up 
5% from 1992. 

Ralph McBride, presenting his fi- 
nal report as statistician, again raised 
concern about the low level of at- 
tendance at Communion — less than 
38% of members in 1993 and down 
one-half of one percentage point 
from 1992. 

1995 planning budget 

Conference adopted a balanced 
planning budget for 1995 calling 
for $680,000 of support/revenue 
and of expenses for the national 
office. Of this amount, $310,000 
(46%) is slated to come from fair 
share financial support from local 
churches for Brethren Church 
Ministries, plus $98,000 (14%) in 
support for World Relief and 
Christian Campus Ministry. The 
remainder is expected to come from 
individual contributions, registra- 
tions, and sales of materials. The 
total budget is down about 5% 
from the 1994 planning budget. 

Major additions to the budget 

• The Brethren Church, Inc., 
share of the joint office of stew- 
ardship and planned giving 

• Denominational membership 
in The Andrew Center (a multi- 
denominational resourcing cen- 
ter for evangelism and congre- 
gational revitalization), and a 
subsidy fund for local church 
memberships ($15,000). 

• Funding to provide a version of 
The Brethren Evangelist to 
every home. 

Ronald W. Waters, treasurer, an- 
nounced that GCEC plans to im- 
plement fully the planning budget, 
drawing from reserves if neces- 
sary, rather than maintain the 
status quo. Local church funding 
in recent years has rarely ex- 
ceeded 70% of full support. A 
similar shortfall in 1995 would 
require drawing $93,000 from re- 
serve funds. 

Future Conferences 

The 1995 General Conference will 
be held August 7-11 in Ashland. 
The 1996 Conference, scheduled 
for August 5-9, will likewise be 
held in Ashland. Delegates adopted 
a motion expressing an intention 
to hold the 1997 General Confer- 
ence in Indiana. 

Delegate data 

The delegate total was 390, down 
from the 431 registered delegates 
in 1993, but comparable to the 
397 delegates in 1992. [ir] 

September 1994 


General Conference Report 

The BYIC Convention 

YOUTH from across the denom- 
ination (125 of them) gathered 
for a week of worship and spiri- 
tual growth at the Brethren Youth 
in Christ Convention held August 
8-12 on the campus of Ashland 

National BYIC had another good 
year in 1994. BYIC membership 
for the year reached a total of 890, 
an increase of 60 members from 
1993. The Lord is continuing to 
bless our youth! 

The youth again went over their 
budgeted ingathering amount of 
$6,500, bringing a total ingather- 
ing of $9,853.03. The extra amount 
will be used for the work of the 
BYIC. Many thanks to all of the 
youth for their hard work and their 
dedication to reaching this year's 
goal. A generous portion of this 
ingathering will go for the 1993 
project of ministry in Russia. The 
money will be sent to CoMission 
in memory of Rev. Mark Baker, 
who had planned to serve in Rus- 
sia through this organization be- 
fore his untimely illness and death. 

Some other highlights of the 
Convention included comedian 
Bob Stromberg; Brethren mission- 
aries K. Prasanth and Nirmala 

Members of the 1995 BYIC Steering Committee are (I. to r.) Cliad Geaslen, 
Angela Szelong, Chris Diehl, Christy Van Duyne, Aaron Hollewell, Jaime 

Gillespie, and Adam Baker. Photo by Ryan Gordon 

Kumar and Allen Baer, who shared 
about their ministries during the 
missions worship service; Com- 
munion, led by Pastor James Kir- 
kendall; and a challenging mes- 
sage by Pastor Rickey Bolden at 
the Thursday evening worship 
service. Other events enjoyed by 
the youth were seminars, an ob- 
stacle course, Coffeehouse, Super 
Praise, Crusader Review, Share 
& Prayer groups, and evening 
worship services. 
The 1995 Steering Committee 

was announced on Friday morn- 
ing. Those serving on this com- 
mittee during the coming year will 
be Chad Geaslen, University 
Church; Jaime Gillespie, Vinco; 
Angela Szelong, Valley; Aaron 
Hollewell, Lanark; Adam Baker, 
University Church; Christy Van 
Duyne, Park Street; and Chris 
Diehl, Fairless Hills-Levittown. 

Please begin praying now for 
the 1995 BYIC Convention, which 
will be held August 7-11! 

— reported by Debra Ritchey 

General Conference Auxiliaries 

Association of Brethren Elders 

of the St. James, Md., Breth- 
ren Church, spoke to the Tuesday 
afternoon session of the National 
Association of Brethren Church 
Elders. He addressed the elders 
on the topic, "Pastoral Care: 
Who's Looking Out for You?" 

Rev. Moore pointed out changes 
in society that have made the pas- 
tor's job more difficult than in the 
past. Individualism is running 
rampant throughout our society 
and our churches. Pluralism has 
been replaced by freedom from 
religion and a strong anti-Chris- 
tian bias. Consumerism has con- 

sumed the soul of our nation. Al- 
though we know that the pastor 
has one of the most significant tasks 
in the world, pastors are often por- 
trayed as being useless. 

These changes have taken their 
toll on pastors. Some have tried 
to do too much, resulting in medioc- 
rity. Others have been overcome 
by frustration when the battle with 
the world has been compounded 
with attacks from within the 
church. Still others have fallen 
prey to cynicism and burnout. 

The complexity of the pastorate 
means that being part of a minis- 
try team is no longer a luxury but 

a necessity. Ecclesiastes 4:9-12 
begins, 'Two are better than one" 
and concludes with "A cord of three 
strands is not quickly broken." 

Following Rev. Moore's mes- 
sage, the elders divided into groups 
of five with instructions to discuss 
the following statements: (1) This 
is exciting to me. (2) This is tough. 
It was a powerful time of discus- 
sion and prayer. 

The business session that fol- 
lowed included a report of the 
Brethren Pastoral Family Retreat 
held April 19-21 at Brown County 
State Park in southern Indiana 
and plans for the 1995 retreat to 
be held April 25-27 in Walnut 
Creek, Ohio. Dr. Fred Finks re- 


The Brethren Evangelist 

ported on Ministerial Student Aid 
and challenged the elders to raise 
their annual scholarship for a 
Brethren Ashland Theological 
Seminary student from $500 to 
$1,000, to match that of the Breth- 
ren Men of Mission. (The elders 
went one better and increased the 
amount to $1,250, effective in 1996). 
T.J. McLaughlin was chosen to re- 
ceive the 1995 scholarship. 

Dr. Charles Munson led a time 
of devotions during the Thursday 
afternoon meeting. Drawing from 
2 Chronicles 26:5, he reminded the 
elders of the need for holiness in 
the ministry. King Uzziah, men- 
tored by the prophet Zechariah, 
found success "as long as he sought 
the Lord." But when pride filled 
his heart and he took it upon him- 
self to burn incense to the Lord, 
he broke out in leprosy (26:16, 19). 

Memorials were presented for 
deceased elder Dr. Leslie E. Lin- 
dower and for a number of Breth- 
ren laymen. In elections, Gene 

Eckerley, Dennis Sigle, Gerald 
Barr, and Richard Craver were re- 
elected president, vice-president, 

secretary-treasurer, and assistant 
secretary-treasurer respectively. 
— reported by Rev. Fred Miller. 

Brethren Men of Mission 

Note: A report of the National W.M.S. confer- 
ence is included in the Woman's Outlook 
Newsletter in the center of this Evangelist. 

DURING the week of General 
Conference, members and 
leaders of the Brethren Men of 
Mission shared times of reflection 
and devotion in addition to con- 
ducting their annual business. 

Doran Hostetler shared on up- 
date on the continuing ministry 
of Riverside Christian Training 
School in Lost Creek, Ky. He 
thanked the men for their contin- 
ued financial support of scholar- 
ships and noted the finalization 
of the recent school addition. 

Steve Huber shared the positive 
effect attending the Promise Keep- 
ers gathering in Indianapolis had 
had on his life, and he encouraged 
other men to attend future gath- 
erings. Tim Rowsey then told 
about the "7 Promises of a Prom- 
ise Keeper," which include honor- 
ing Christ, vital relationships with 
a few other men, purity of life, 
and commitment to marriage and 

family, to the church and its lead- 
ers, to biblical unity, and to obe- 
dience to the Great Commandment 
and the Great Commission. 

President Ken Van Duyne chal- 
lenged the men to be aware of 
changing trends that offer new 
opportunities for service and wit- 
ness. He emphasized that mem- 
bers must not just "go through 
the motions," but rather strive to 
be authentic Christians. 

In this light, the 1994/95 goals 
challenged members to be leaders 
both at home and at church, to 
develop relationships with men 
and boys locally, and to continue 
their support of Home Missions, 
Ashland Theological Seminary, 
and Riverside Christian School. 

Bruce Gorrell, Stan Gentle, and 
Ken Van Duyne were re-elected 
to the executive committee, each 
for a three-year term. 

— by Matthew Hamel 

Missionary Board Begins Search for New Executive Director 

At its August 8 meeting, the Mis- 
sionary Board received with regrets 
an announcement by Rev. James R. 
Black of his resignation as Execu- 
tive Director of the board. His resig- 
nation will become effective May 29, 
1995, when he will retire from his 
current position. 

Rev. Black has capably served the 
Missionary Board since August 1981, 
when he became Director of Home 
Missions. He became Executive Di- 
rector of the board in January 1985. 
Under his leadership Brethren mis- 
sions extended into Paraguay and 
Peru, as well as expanding in both 
the home and world arenas. 

In order to ensure a smooth tran- 
sition to a new Executive Director, a 
Search Committee has been formed 
by the Missionary Board to begin the 
selection process for Rev. Black's 
successor. This committee invites ap- 
plications and nominations from The 
Brethren Church for this position. 

The person selected as Executive 
Director of the Missionary Board will 
serve as chief executive officer and 
as such will be responsible for direct- 

ing all operations and ministries of 
the board. These include, but are not 
limited to: 

• casting and sharing the vision for 
Brethren missions; 

• developing programs and re- 

• supervising other office staff; 

• promoting all aspects of Brethren 

• recruiting missionary personnel; 

• visiting mission fields for adminis- 
trative purposes; 

• serving as a resource leader 
throughout the brotherhood. 

The Search Committee seeks a 
person with the qualifications stated 
by Paul to Timothy in 1 Timothy 3. 
In addition, the person — male or 
female, elder or layperson — must 
demonstrate these qualifications: 

• a strong commitment to missions; 

• a proven record of leadership; 

• membership in The Brethren 
Church and of good reputation 
among the Brethren; 

• high moral, ethical, and spiritual 

• proficiency in public speaking, mar- 

keting, fundraising, promotion; 

• advanced degrees and/or ministry 

Applicants must submit written 
statements regarding their: 

• personal faith; 

• call to the ministry (if applicable); 

• qualifying gifts and abilities for 
this position; 

• perspective on and vision for 
Brethren missions. 

The Search Committee will receive 
applications and nominations until 
October 1, followed by a process of 
screening applications, conducting 
interviews, and checking references. 
The committee expects to make its 
recommendation to the Missionary 
Board as its November meeting. 

The Missionary Board requests 
the continued prayers of The Breth- 
ren Church for Brethren missions 
and for this search process. 

Nominations and applications 
should be sent to: 

MBBC Search Committee 

c/o Mrs. Dorman Ronk 

1325 Coachman Court 

Ashland, OH 44805 

September 1994 


Passing on the Promise k 

What's Hatchin' in 
Passing On the Promise? 

A report by Ronald W. Waters, national coordinator 
for this three-year evangelism and church growth process. 


HE MAJORITY of the Pass- 
ing On the Promise (POtP) 
churches have completed Level I 
and have begun Level II of the 
three-year process. The original 
pilot church — Waterbrook — com- 
pleted the process this summer. 
The other five pilot churches — 
Ardmore, Bethlehem, New Paris, 
Northgate, and South Bend — 
have completed Level II and are 
now in their final year of the 

This past summer, pastors and 
congregational co-coordinators at- 
tended Evangelism Leaders Acad- 
emies in five locations for encour- 
agement and training for the next 

Part of the academy experience 
is to report on activities and 
developments in home churches 
that have resulted from the POtP 
process. This reporting takes 
place by recording information on 
a chicken hatching from an egg — 
reporting on "what's hatchin"' in 
their own churches. 

Following is a compilation of 
some of "what's hatchin'." As you 
read these activities, take note of 
ideas that may be useful in your 
church as well. Then contact the 
congregational co-coordinators or 
the pastor of that church. 

Attitudes and involvement 

Many churches reported that 
new, more positive attitudes are 

developing among the people in 
their congregations: 

• New spirit of cooperation (Tiosa) 

• Attitude changes have been pos- 
itive (Burlington, Jefferson, 
Goshen, Muncie) 

• Because of distance, hosted own 
District Support Meeting with 
large percentage of church par- 
ticipating (Cheyenne) 

• More of an outreach feeling in 
the church (Peru) 

• People are looking for opportuni- 

ties to contact unbelievers (North- 

• New cooperation for POtP em- 
phasis (Walcrest) 

• Sharing loaves of bread and Christ- 
mas cards impressed congrega- 
tion that "Hey, I can do this part!" 
(Waterloo Hammond Ave.) 

• Over 50 pledged commitment to 
POtP by signing a covenant (Sara- 

• More people want to get involved 
in reaching the lost (St. Luke) 

• POtP congregational co-coordina- 
tors have learned to spread the 
work around; though people 
might not do the assignment ex- 
actly like we'd do it, it's still okay 

• Really seethe power when two or 
more gather in prayer (Milford) 

• People have become more aware 
of visitors, of what they see when 
they arrive, and their need to be 
welcomed; some who have not 
been very involved have become 
more active (St. James) 

• Seeing more people willing to 
take on leadership responsibili- 
ties (Walcrest) 

• People have realized the church 
needs to grow and have begun to 
see ways it can happen that they 
could not see before (Wayne 

• Just the emphasis on evangelism 
has created an excitement that 
has caused the church to grow 
numerically (Bloomingdale) 


The Brethren Evangelist 

"It is still early in the Passing On the Promise process for most of the 
churches. . . . These beginning signs, however, bode well for the con- 
gregations that have committed themselves to this arduous task." 

• Support for the process has been 
growing; prayer support has be- 
come a vital part of the process 

• A clear, cooperative spirit has 
been evident among the church 
leadership (Maurertown) 

• Our older congregation has been 
more open to change, willing to 
step out, to settle some old issues 

• Good attitudes, enthusiasm, and 
cooperation from all age groups; 
new leaders emerging (Linwood) 

• Discovery of need for church body 
and leadership to come to a unity 
of vision and goal, even if ideas 
of process differ (St. James) 

• Before POtP we were ready to 
move forward but didn't know 
where or how; POtP has given us 
a destination and a road map 

• New senior high youth leaders 
have emerged (St. Luke) 

• People are now looking to talk to 
visitors before talking to their 
friends (Northgate) 

• People are coming forward to 
take leadership in outreach ac- 
tivities (Derby) 

Positive response to self- 
study and Growth Workshop 

As part of the Passing On the 
Promise process, each church con- 
ducts an extensive self-study of the 
congregation and the community. 
The written self-studies (between 
80 and 100 pages) were submit- 
ted to someone outside the con- 
gregation (chosen by the Evangel- 
ism & Church Growth Commission 
and me as national POtP coordi- 
nator), who offered an outsider's 

The results of the self-study be- 
came the basis for a Growth Work- 
shop this spring. The goal of the 
workshop is to bring together as 
many people from the congrega- 
tion as possible for a day of brain- 
storming and planning how the 

congregation may become better 
involved in outreach. 

Following are comments related 
to the self-study and the Growth 

• Became aware of 34,000 people 
not active in any faith living 
within 5 miles of our church; and 
their main needs are ones we 
should be able to meet! Self-study 
helped us make important deci- 
sions between possible alterna- 
tives (Bloomingdale) 

• Self-study helped congregation 
get a better understanding of sur- 
rounding community (Oak Hill) 

• The Growth Workshop was so 
exciting — everyone attending took 
part; every activity chosen had 
someone willing to give leader- 
ship (Mulvane) 

• 50% of worship attendance at- 
tended the Growth Workshop; 
more people involved in activi- 
ties of the church since our Growth 
Workshop (College Corner) 

• 30 people took an active part in 
Growth Workshop — enthusiastic 
and creative in brainstorming 

• Became aware of holes in cur- 
rent church ministry and out- 
reach (St. James) 

• 35 persons spent a whole Satur- 
day at our Growth Workshop to 
build four new ministries (Dutch- 

• Growth Workshop inspired new 
and creative ideas for reaching 
out in the community and a clear 
sense of the possibilities (Sara- 

• An exciting Growth Workshop 
helped us become open to how 
many our people could reach and 
realize it is up to us all (Wayne 

Response to study courses 

Churches in Level I participated 
in two study courses during the 
year. The first was Promise for the 
Future, a 13-week introduction to 

evangelism and church growth. The 
second study, Living Proof, was a 
12-week video course on how to 
share our Christian faith in the 
natural relationships of daily life. 
Level II and III churches partici- 
pated in similar studies. 

Following are some of the com- 
ments related to these study 

• We developed four new Bible 
study groups out of Living Proof 

• Two neighbors began attending 
church due to one Living Proof 
participant putting the principles 
into practice (Cheyenne) 

• About 40 people took part in Liv- 
ing Proof (Lanark) 

• One-third of adults in Sunday 
school participated in Promise 
for the Future; all adult classes 
will offer Reaching Out in Word 
and Deed this fall (Berlin) 

• More people offering personal 
testimonies; about one-third of 
congregation were involved in 
Living Proof (Waterloo Hammond 

• At least one Living Proof couple 
is seeing one of their "Ten Most 
Wanted List" couples beginning 
to attend church (Burlington) 

• Living Proof enabled one of new- 
est members to visualize self as 
an active witness (Bloomingdale) 

• New couple attending because a 
Living Proof couple began to 
share with them (Mulvane) 

• Promise for the Future offered a 
renewed challenge to outreach 
and made students more aware 
of their responsibilities (Sarasota) 

• Living Proof gave me an under- 
standing of what non-Christians 
really think about their way of 
life (Cheyenne) 

• Living Proof was one of our best 
opportunities to come together 
as a church in a long time as all 
Sunday school classes joined to- 
gether; great seeing younger and 
older members interacting about 

September 1994 


new ways to reach out to the 
unsaved (Pleasant View) 

• We started two new care groups 
during Living Proof, now have 
35-40 people trained to do evan- 
gelism (Bloomingdale) 

• Living Proof changed some atti- 
tudes toward the role of individu- 
als in evangelism; led to three 
women doing nursing home visi- 
tation (Peru) 

• Had our first home study in sev- 
eral years involving couples study- 
ing Living Proof (Dutchtown) 

• Several new teachers stepped 
forward to lead Living Proof ses- 
sions (Mulvane) 

• Learned there are many ways to 
communicate that "living proof 

• Living Proof gave several "older" 
adults new hope in their ability 
to share (Cheyenne) 

• The study helped draw us to- 
gether and helped us in our out- 
reach (Columbus First) 

• All adult classes took part in 
Promise for the Future (Tiosa) 

New ministries 

One goal of the Growth Work- 
shop is to help the congregation 
discover and implement new ways 
to reach out in word and deed by 
inviting and welcoming new peo- 
ple; to include and involve those 
new people in the life and minis- 
try of the church; and to help every- 
one grow in Christian discipleship. 
Following are some of the activi- 
ties congregations have chosen to 
help them accomplish these tasks: 

• Support group for interested and 
fledgling evangelists (Waterloo 
Hammond Ave.) 

• Organizing members for greet- 
ing and welcoming new people 
(Walcrest, Linwood, Blooming- 
dale, Bethlehem, Muncie) 

• Regular prayer emphasis (Col- 
lege Corner) 

• Concert of Prayer Sunday (Bur- 

• New elevator (Ardmore) 

• Considering facilities expansion 
(Mt. Olive, Cheyenne) 

• Leadership training course (North- 
west Chapel) 

• Playground equipment (County 

• Kids Klub (New Paris) and "Cac- 

tus Kingdom Kids" hiking group 
(Northwest Chapel) 
Prayer partners (Tiosa, Trinity) 
Specific prayer for needs in our 
community (St. Luke) 
A seeker style service for Evan- 
gelism Sunday (Dutchtown) 
Had or planning a neighborhood 
"block party" (Park Street, Goshen) 
Visitor registration (St. Luke) 
Christian aerobics class for com- 
munity (South Bend, County Line) 
Divorce recovery group (South 

New or refurbished church sign 
(South Bend, Jefferson, Lanark, 
New Paris, County Line) 
Use parking lot for rollerskating/ 
rollerblade arena (County Line, 

Have created a Welcome Center 
Adopt-a-Grandparent program 

What's Ahead 
For POtP Churches 

This fall, members of Passing On 
the Promise churches will be partici- 
pating in one of two study courses. 

Level II churches (most congrega- 
tions) will take part in the first of four 
study/action units. Through Reaching 
Out in Word and Deed, participants 
will study the biblical basis for shar- 
ing our faith. The concluding lessons 
help students consider specific ways 
they may share their faith in words 
and in actions. Rev. Larry Baker, pas- 
tor of the South Bend, Indiana, First 
Brethren Church, has written a lead- 
er's manual for this study. 

Level III churches (remaining pi- 
lot churches) will participate in the 
third study/action unit, Including and 
Involving New People. This course 
examines how we may take an ac- 
tive role in helping new believers in 
Christ and new members of our 
congregations become part of the 
life and ministry of the church. Rev. 
Baker has prepared the leader's 
manual for this course as well. 

Many churches have or will con- 
duct a theme emphasis Sunday this 
fall to call attention to the good news 
that Christians have to share and the 
place of the church in providing a 
place for encouragement and sup- 

If your church is participating in 
Passing On the Promise, be sure to 
take advantage of these special ac- 

in planning stages (Mt. Olive) 
Action idea board (Sarasota) 
Positive action towards nursery 
and bathrooms; recognized need 
for accessibility for the disabled 
and for visitor follow-up (Lanark) 
Planning a youth night with con- 
temporary Christian music for 
community (New Lebanon) 
Snack & Yack (Linwood) 
New brochure (Linwood) and 
new visitor's packet/registration 
process (Northgate) 
Mail-in survey for visitors (Mun- 

Friendship Sunday in the park 
(New Paris) 

Added choruses to hymns in wor- 
ship (Roanoke, Muncie) and added 
musicians to enhance worship 
(Oak Hill) 

New outreach Bible study in 
Catalina beginning in Septem- 
ber; also starting small groups in 
Tucson (Northwest Chapel) 
Considering upgrading parking 
lot (Derby) 

Alternative service held on "neu- 
tral turf (local motel) to reach 
18-30 year olds on Saturday eve- 
nings (Waterbrook) 
Deacons have developed plan to 
"touch" first time visitors within 
36 hours (Milford) 
Opening building for use by Alco- 
holics Anonymous (Berlin), Sen- 
ior Citizens and Lamaze classes 

Monthly "Open Mike Night" to 
provide opportunity for Chris- 
tian and pre-Christian musicians 
to perform and for building re- 
demptive relationships (Water- 

Visitors invited back next Sun- 
day for full meal after church 
Name tags (Jefferson) 
"Appointment Driving Outreach" 
to offer rides to community peo- 
ple lacking transportation (Hag- 

New young adult class, new chil- 
dren's youth group, Welcome class 
for new members and visitors, 
and new church van (N. Man- 

Sunday morning prayer time 
(Maurertown, Trinity) 
Expanding use of fish fry to pub- 
licize our church (N. Manchester) 


The Brethren Evangelist 

• Prison ministry, "Heartline grief 
management" (Lanark) 

• New small group opportunities 
(Lanark, Bethlehem, Berlin) 

• New visitation ministry (Park 

• Considering (Cheyenne) or im- 
plementing (Berlin) second wor- 
ship service 

Indications of Growth 

Not every church reported 
whether or not it had experienced 
numerical growth during the past 
year. Because the first year is a 
time for laying a foundation for 
outreach, many churches do not 
have growth until later in the 
process. Nevertheless, the follow- 
ing growth reports were received: 

• 6 new members by baptism 

• 8 new members; choir has dou- 
bled in size; starting new Sunday 
school class this fall (St. Luke) 

• 17 new members (New Paris) 

• 11 new members since last Sep- 
tember; one new member attend- 
ed Evangelism Leaders Academy 

• Seeing more family members at- 
tending who have not attended 
in past 10 years (Waterloo Ham- 
mond Ave.) 

• 9 baptized and received into mem- 

bership; 4 baptized but not yet 
taken into membership; 2 await- 
ing baptism; 3 new members by 
transfer; this is compared to no 
new members the prior year (Col- 
lege Corner) 

An increase in worship attend- 
ance (Wayne Heights) 
The church called one member 
into ministry; licensed this sum- 
mer (Linwood) 

6-8 attending new Sunday school 
class for singles; 8-10 new kids 
coming to neighborhood roller- 
skating outreach (Goshen) 
At least 10 new members (New 

11 baptisms; Sunday school and 
worship attendances up 18% and 
13% respectively (N. Manchester) 
11 baptisms (Lanark) 

I new adult Sunday school class 
(South Bend) 

21 baptized in June; second bap- 
tism scheduled in September (Park 

At least half our members have 
brought unchurched visitors to 
church in past year (Blooming- 

I I men went to Promise Keepers 
rally (N. Manchester) 

3 young girls made a decision for 

the Lord (Tiosa) 

Had nearly 90 for Easter wor- 

ship; in April we had an all-time 
monthly high average worship 
attendance; we reached our wor- 
ship attendance goal of a 50% 
increase in only 9 months (Bloom- 

• 5 baptized and 2 more awaiting 
baptism (Peru) 

• More visitors in 1994 than in 1984 
through 1993 (Cheyenne) 

• Distribution of loaves of bread on 
Friendship Sunday resulted in 
three new families (Hagerstown) 

• More uninvited visitors coming; 
almost as if God were blessing 
our efforts to be faithful (Bloom- 

Concluding thoughts 

It is still early in the Passing 
On the Promise process for most 
of the churches. When the Church 
of the Brethren researched the 
results of POtP, they found that 
numerical growth often followed 
completion of the process by a pe- 
riod of time. These beginning 
signs, however, bode well for the 
congregations that have commit- 
ted themselves to this arduous task. 

Please continue to pray for each 
of these churches, and for all Breth- 
ren, that we may be diligent about 
sharing the good news of saving 
faith in Jesus Christ. [ft] 

Situation Updates from World Relief 

Rwandan refugees: 

The United Nations has asked 
World Relief to expand its ministry 
among Rwandan children who have 
been separated from their parents or 
orphaned in the war. Recently, a con- 
gressional leader, Jim Dyer, from the 
House Foreign Appropriations Minor- 
ity Staff, saw World Reliefs program 
firsthand, in which these unaccompa- 
nied children are placed in the care of 
Christian families on the scene — a 
unique, loving approach to this heart- 
breaking situation. Pray for World 
Relief staff as they work with the 
local church in expanding this effort 
to care for these children. 

Haitian refugees: 

World Relief is coordinating the ef- 
forts of a 17-member team that pro- 
vides medical and social services to 
more than 14,000 Haitian refugees at 

Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. World Relief 
continues to arrange for shipments of 
badly-needed supplies for these ref- 
ugees, including new clothing, tennis 
shoes, toys, school supplies, sewing 
materials and fabric, musical instru- 
ments, and Creole Bibles. For details 
on providing these gifts, call World 
Relief/USA office at 914-268-4135. 

Cuban refugees: 

Approximately 30,000 Cubans are 
now in American internment camps, 
where World Relief is helping to min- 
ister to them. In addition to provid- 
ing food and clothing, World Relief 
has given 1,000 Scripture portions of 
John and Romans to refugees at 
Krome Detention Center in Miami, 
Fla., where refugees who make it to 
U.S. shores are being detained. 

Providing Scripture and holding 
optional worship services for refugees 
have born much fruit. "Although we're 

just a turn- around center, we have 
had more than 4,500 professions of 
faith in Christ in the past out of 12,000 
people cared for," said Tom Willey, 
World Reliefs Area Director for South 
Florida and Chairman of the Board of 
the Key West Transit Home for Cuban 
Refugees in Key West, Fla. According 
to Willey, there is a tremendous spir- 
itual hunger in Cuba, especially among 
young people. 

Churches may respond to the needs 
of the Cuban people by praying for 
Cuban churches and for Cuban be- 
lievers and refugees still fleeing 
Cuba. They may also gather or or- 
ganize drives for new clothing and 
toys for the refugees. Needed are 
small-sized clothing for men, women, 
and children — shorts, T-shirts, sum- 
mer sleeping apparel, and under- 
wear. For more information, contact 
Tom Willey, World Relief Miami, at 

September 1994 




Park Street Church Hosts Block Party 
To Say "Thank You" to Its Neighbors 

Ashland, Ohio — Park Street Breth- 
ren Church of Ashland, on Sunday, July 
10, hosted a neighborhood block party. 

The purpose of the block party was to 
say Thank you" (in advance) to the neigh- 
bors of the church for their patience 
during the building and expansion of 
the church building that is currently 
taking place. The block party was also a 
kick-off for the week of vacation Bible 
school that began the following day. 

The event was organized by the 
church's Fellowship Ministry (Janet 
Hoffman, ch.) Outreach Ministry (John 
Gilmer, ch.), and Worship Ministry 
(Doug Cooper, ch.). Food and game 
booths were sponsored by adult Sunday 
school classes. Food was free or sold for 
a minimal amount, and most games 
were free. Prizes for the games were 

donated by local merchants and busi- 
nesses in Ashland, including The Car- 
penter's Shop (Brethren bookstore), 
Wal-Mart, Kmart, Landoll Inc. (print- 
ers), National Latex, Harlow's (variety 
store), and Hedstrom Corporation. 
Foods included hot dogs, potato chips, 
sausage sandwiches, popcorn, shaved 
ice, homemade pies, and beverages. 

The sixth grade S.S. class sponsored 
a Guess How Many contest with jars of 
candy; the junior high class did 
Face Painting; the Adventurers 
Class conducted a Cupcake 
Walk; and the Senior Highs 
sponsored a Wet Sponge Throw, 
a Marshmallow Stuffing Con- 
test, and a Biggest Bubble con- 
test. In addition, the Park 
Street Pre-School offered an art 

table and the Outreach Ministry pro- 
vided an information booth. Two mem- 
bers of the Ashland Evening Lions' 
Clowns service organization enter- 
tained the crowd by creating balloon 
animals. Music, both live and taped, 
was arranged by the Worship Ministry. 

What really added to the success of 
the event was the cool, fair-like weather 
that arrived in the Ashland area in time 
for the block party, following a long hot 
and humid spell. This was seen as the 
Lord's blessing on the occasion. 

The week of VBS that followed the 
block party registered the highest num- 
ber of participants in recent years. More 

-'."- * 

Bonnie Summy (r.) and Helen McClellan offer Polly Benshoffa piece of pie. 

Executive Director Resigns 
At Brethren Retreat Center 

Shipshewana, Ind. — Gary Cotter, Ex- 
ecutive Director of the Brethren Retreat 
Center at Shipshewana, has resigned. 

Cotter, with his wife, Molly, and their 
two children, moved from Texas to Indi- 
ana six years ago to fill this position. 
Under his direction much was accom- 
plished at the Retreat Center. He insti- 
tuted the Camp Ambassador program, 
which became an effective way of com- 
municating with Brethren churches in 
the Indiana district. He also established 
a counselor-run camping program and a 


scholarship program for counselors. 
During his years as Executive Director 
at the Retreat Center, the number of 
summer campers steadily increased, 
setting new attendance records. 

The board of directors of the Retreat 
Center is currently seeking a qualified 
candidate to fill the position being 
vacated by Cotter. Interested persons 
should contact Rev. Carl M. Phillips, 
69988 U.S. 31 S., Lakeville, IN 46536 
(phone, 219-784-3352). 

The board of directors is currently 

conducting a capital fund drive and 

hopes to relocate the camp to a more 

rural location sometime in the future. 

— reported by Rev. Carl M. Phillips 

Shelby Edwards seems apprehensive as Mindy 
Waters prepares to paint a picture on her face. 

than 180 children and adults were in- 
volved in "CODE J.E.S.U.S.." a detec- 
tive theme tracing the Apostle Paul's 
travels. More than 20 children were 
walk-in registrants the first evening, 
suggesting that the block party gener- 
ated interest among neighborhood chil- 
dren. Dr. Doug Little, professor at Ash- 
land Theological Seminary, led a work- 
shop for adults on spiritual gifts. 

The various ministries that planned 
this event encourage groups within other 
churches to consider working together 
to plan an all-church event to reach out 
to the community while strengthening 
relationships within the church. 

— reported by Margaret Hess, 
Fellowship Ministry member 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Little Crusader 

Jesus said, "Let the children come to me, and do not hinder 
them; for to such belongs the kingdom of heaven" (Matt. 19:14). 

Hi boys and girls! 

If someone were to ask me what I am afraid of, I could make a long list of things 
such as snakes, mice, and — most importantly — storms. Whenever there is a bad storm 
with thunder and lightning, I feel like going to bed and covering my head and ears with 
a large blanket until the storm is over. 

I guess I'm not the only one who has a fear of storms. In the Gospel of Mark, chapter 
4, verses 35-41, it says that one time when Jesus was traveling with His disciples in a 
boat, a "furious squall" (very bad storm) came up. The waves on the lake were so high 
that they nearly upset the boat. The disciples were very scared, but Jesus was asleep 
in the boat. The disciples woke Jesus and asked Him, "Don't you care if we drown?" 
Then Jesus got up and spoke to the wind and said to the waves, "Quiet! Be still!" And 
immediately the wind stopped blowing and it became completely calm. 

Jesus was very concerned that His disciples were afraid. He wants His followers to 
remember that He is always with them and that they should never be afraid. The word 
used in the Bible to talk about this is faith. Having faith in Jesus means that we trust Him 
to take care of us no matter what kinds of things scare us. On the day of that storm, 
Jesus was physically with His disciples. Even though Jesus is not with us physically 
today, He is always with us through His Spirit. Therefore, we never have a reason to ever 
be afraid again! 

Read Mark 4:35-41. Then number 
the following sentences so that the events 
are in the correct order. 


The disciples were afraid. 

Jesus got into a boat with His 

Jesus commanded the wind to 
be quiet. 

A storm came up. 

Unscramble this word and write its 

A F T I H 

It means 

September 1994 



Rev. Alvin Grumbling Honored by Flora Church 
Upon His Retirement from Pastoral Ministry 

Flora, Ind. — Rev. Alvin Grum- 
bling was honored at a retire- 
ment party held Sunday, June 
26, by the Flora First Brethren 

Rev. Grumbling (67) retired 
from the active pastorate on July 
1, following almost 45 years of 
service as a pastor. He began his 
full-time ministry in October 
1949 and was ordained on March 
26, 1950. 

During the morning worship 
service on June 26, Joseph Col- 
lins, moderator of the Flora 
Church, presented a plaque to 
Rev. Grumbling and a love gift to 
the Grumbling family on behalf 
of the congregation. The retire- 
ment party was then held that 

A native of Johnstown, Pa., 
where he became a member of the 
Johnstown Third Brethren Church, 

Rev. Alvin Grumbling, with his wife Meg at his side, 
receives a plaque from Moderator Joseph Collins express- 
ing the appreciation of the Flora First Brethren Church 

for his 18 years as their pastor. Photo by Martin Rinehart 

Grumbling received a Bachelor of Arts basis at The Brethren's Home in Flora, 
degree from Ashland College and at- — reported by Mildred Mullendore 

tended Ashland Theological and Xenia 
Seminaries. During his years in the pas- 
toral ministry, he served Brethren con- 
gregations in Pittsburgh, Pa.; Bryan, 
Ohio; Stockton, Calif.; Manteca, Calif.; 
Newark, Ohio; and (since July 1, 
1976) Flora, Ind. While at the 
Flora Church his involvement in 
the Indiana District included 
serving five years on the District 
Mission Board, five years as con- 
ference treasurer, and five years 
on the Board of Directors of the 
Brethren Retreat Center at 

Since May 30, 1948, Rev. 
Grumbling has been married to 
the former Mary E. (Meg) Gil- 
mer. They had two children, 
Gary, who lives with his parents, 
and Dennis, who passed away on 
June 11, 1993. 

The Grumblings continue to 
live in Flora, where they have 
purchased a home. Though offi- 
cial retired Rev. Grumbling con- 
tinues to serve on a part-time 

Party at Tucson Brethren Church Celebrates 
25th Anniversary of Arizona Brethren Camp 

Tucson, Ariz. — Balloons, streamers, 
clowns, birthday decorations, and pic- 
ture-laden walls and bulletin boards 
welcomed the nearly 100 celebrators 
who attended the 25th anniversary 
party of the Arizona Brethren Church 
Camp (ABC), held May 15th at the Tuc- 
son First Brethren Church. 

As each person arrived for the party, 
he or she was given a "birthday card" 
featuring a montage of pictures and 
reports taken from past issues of the 
Evangelist, which detailed the history of 
Brethren camping in Arizona, the pur- 
chase and development of the camp prop- 
erty near Patagonia, Ariz., and the 1969 

Former campers (and now sometimes staff members) (I. to r.) Marty McKinney 
Stamper, Gwen Stogsdill McKinney, Loretta Fanning, Nancy Janzen Lauber, and 
Joy Trent sing the ABC Camp song. 


Brethren Youth Crusaders' project in 
support of the purchase of the property. 

The party was hosted by camp trus- 
tees Jim and Ellen Fisher, who used a 
video, old movies, and slides to relate 
the history of the camp. The celebration 
opened with comments by the members 
of the original board that evaluated and 
purchased the camp property. Former 
campers also shared recollections of the 
good old days of camp life. 

Refreshments consisted of camp food, 
including grilled hot dogs and hamburg- 
ers, chips, and the camp's infamous "camp 
cobbler" (which you have to be from Ari- 
zona to appreciate!). Birthday cake and 
ice cream topped off the evening. 

Also included in the celebration were 
musical presentations of their favorite 
camp numbers by past campers and a 
quiz on the history of the camp. One of 
the questions on the quiz was to name 
the first national Summer Crusaders to 
participate in the ABC Camp program. 
(The answer: Cindy Cartwright, Sherry 
Barnhart Van Duyne, Dale Stoffer, and 
Ron Waters.) 

The celebration concluded with com- 
ments by the current Brethren pastoral 
families in Tucson — Rev. Dave and 
Dawn West of Northwest Chapel and 
Rev. Bill and Lynne Brady of Tucson 
First Brethren. 

ABC Camp grew from a vision con- 
ceived in 1966, when projected growth 
for Arizona coupled with problems with 
(continued on next page) 

The Brethren Evangelist 


In Memory 

Virginia F. Locke, 89, August 26. Member for 
62 years and deaconess at the Maurertown Breth- 
ren Church. She also served for many years as 
president of the Southeastern District Woman's 
Missionary Society. Mrs. Locke was the widow 
of Brethren pastor Dr. John F. Locke, who died 
in 1975. Services by Pastor Richard Craver and 
Rev. Doc Shank. 

Miss Vianna Hackett, 85, August 11. Member 
for many years of the Calvary Brethren Church 
(near Quakertown, N.J.), and until recently the 
sole surviving active member of this congrega- 
tion. She was present in the worship services of 
the church until the Sunday before her death. 
Services by Rev. C. William Cole. 
Alfred Morris, 75, August 4. Member for 42 
years of the Mt. Olive Brethren Church. Services 
by Pastor Fredric G. Miller. 
Howard E. Winfield, 81, August 3. Longtime 
member of The Brethren Church in New Leba- 
non, where he served as a deacon, Sunday school 
superintendent and teacher, and moderator. He 
also served on the Ohio District Mission Board 
and on the Board of Trustees of Ashland Univer- 
sity. He was the husband of former National 
W.M.S. president Pauline Winfield and the fa- 
ther of Evangelist Editor Richard Winfield. 
Services by Rev. James F. Black. 
Irene Miller, 94, July 13. Member of the Goshen 
First Brethren Church. Services by Associate 
Pastor J. David Kline. 

Mary Alice Garman, 77, July 17. Member of 
the Ashland Park Street Brethren Church. Serv- 
ices by Rev. Dave Hoyt, Pastor of Youth Disci- 

Omer C. Lippold, 85, July 11. Member since 
1925 of the Loree Brethren Church, where he 
served as a deacon, Sunday school teacher, choir 
member, secretary, and treasurer. Services by 
Pastor James Thomas and Rev. Claude Stogsdill. 

(continued from previous page) 
the camping facilities the Arizona 
churches were then using challenged 
the leadership to look for alternatives in 
order to enhance the district camping 
ministry. After initial investigations, it 
was determined that the best solution 
was for the district to purchase its own 
camp property. 

In February 1968, Bailey Battiste, chair 
of the investigating committee, reported 
that a property near Patagonia was for 
sale for $7,000. The purchase was ap- 
proved and backed by a seven-man group 
and a private lender from Tucson First 
Brethren. In March the district purchased 
this 25-acre site in the beautiful moun- 
tains of southern Arizona. The following 
year the national Brethren Youth Cru- 
saders adopted the camp as their project 
and set a goal of raising $14,000 to as- 
sist with the purchase and operation. 

Since the early days, when campers 
slept in tents, to the present, when the 
camp has dorms, a dining hall, and other 
buildings, the camping program of the 
Southwest District has continued to 
grow under the blessing of the Lord. 

— reported by Rev. Bill Brady 

September 1994 

Winona McBride, 81, July 11. Member for 67 
years of the Bryan First Brethren Church, where 
she was active for many years in the Woman's 
Missionary Society and the Ever Ready Sunday 
school class. Services by Pastor Ray Aspinall. 
Aida May Munson, 72, July 6. Member for 
many years of the Ashland Park Street Brethren 
Church, where she was ac- 
tive in the Woman's Mis- 
sionary Society, the World 
Relief Sewing group (which 
she helped to establish in 
1966), and the Friday Club. 
She was the wife of Brethren 
elder Dr. Charles Munson 
and mother of two daughters, 
Bonnie, a member of the 
Brethren House Team in St. 
Petersburg, Fla., and Deborah (Vick) of Tusla, 
Okla. Services by Associate Pastor Randy Saultz. 
Daniel Stevens Lightner, 75, July 2. Member of 
the Ashland Park Street Brethren Church, where 
he had served as a Sunday school teacher. Serv- 
ices by his son, Rev. Larry Lightner. 
Michael Bishop, 48, June 30. Member for 38 
years of the Bryan First Brethren Church. Serv- 
ices by Pastor Ray Aspinall. 
John Szymanowski, 73, June 26. Member of the 
Pleasant View Brethren Church. Services by Pas- 
tor R. Keith Hensley. 

Harry Crawford, 77, June 24. Member of the 
Milledgeville Brethren Church. Services by Pas- 
tor Kenneth Sullivan. 

Ruth E. Gates, 78, June 24. Longtime member 
of The Brethren Church, first at the Firestone 
Park Brethren Church in Akron, where she served 
as a deaconess and Sunday school teacher, and 
later at the Ashland Park Street Brethren Church, 
where she also served as a deaconess. Services 
by longtime friend Rev. Robert Sullivan, assisted 
by former pastor Rev. Arthur J. Tinkel. 
Margaret Hensley, 78, June 21. Member for 44 
years of the Mt. Olive Brethren Church, where 
she also was active in the Woman's Missionary 
Society. Services by Pastor Fredric G. Miller. 
Walter Otis McCann, 85, June 13. Active mem- 
ber for 61 years of the Waterloo First Brethren 
Church (now the Hammond Avenue Brethren 
Church), where he served on the Congregational- 
Ministerial Relations Committee, as Sunday 

Peace Task Force and 
Interest Group Being Formed 

A Peace Task Force is being formed 
to promote discussion, reflection, and ac- 
tion on peace-related issues. The Task 
Force is being organized by Chantal 
Logan and Jeff Weidenhamer. In addition 
to the Task Force, which will consist of 
five members with responsibilities for Task 
Force activities, other interested Brethren 
are welcome to join the Peace Interest 
Group, which will dialogue with Task Force 
members and discuss peace issues. 

Brethren interested in serving on the 
Task Force or in joining the Interest 
Group are encouraged to contact Chan- 
tal Logan, Rt. 1 , Box 26, Bridgewater, VA 
2281 2, or Jeff Weidenhamer, 51 5 Chest- 
nut St., Ashland, OH 44805. 

school superintendent, and was faithful in church 
attendance and in the laymen's organization. He 
was the father of Brethren pastor Rev. Marlin 
McCann. Services by Pastor Ronald L. Waters. 
Mrs. Martha Dickerhoff, 67, June 7. Lifetime 
member of the North Manchester First Brethren 
Church, where she was a teacher for many years, 
served as president and in other offices of the 
Hadassah Woman's Missionary Society, sang in 
the choir, and held numerous other leadership 
positions. Services by Pastor Marlin McCann. 
Loretta Metzger, 84, June 2. Member since 
1 9 1 7 of the Cerro Gordo Brethren Church, where 
she served as a deaconess. Services by Pastor 
David Condreay. 

Faryl Stuart, 95, April 25. Member since 1907 
of the Cerro Gordo Brethren Church. Services by 
Pastor David Condreay. 

Ruth Flynn, 68, March 27. Member of the 
Milledgeville Brethren Church. Services by Pas- 
tor Kenneth Sullivan. 

Belva L. Huxtable, 52, March 2. Former mem- 
ber of the Akron Firestone Park Brethren Church. 
Services by former pastor Rev. Arthur J. Tinkel. 
Nathaniel Royce Gates, 85, February 25. Long- 
time member of The Brethren Church, first at the 
Akron Firestone Park Brethren Church, where he 
served as a deacon, Sunday school teacher, and 
pastor's helper, and later at the Ashland Park Street 
Brethren Church, where he also served as a deacon. 
Services by longtime friend Rev. Robert Sullivan 
and by former pastor Rev. Arthur J. Tinkel. 


Richard and Maryellen Best, 50th, September 
24. Members of the Nappanee First Brethren 

Woodrow and Marie Milburn, 50th, Septem- 
ber 15. Members of the St. James Brethren Church. 
Delbert and Romayne Flora, 65th, September 
2. Members of the Ashland Park Street Brethren 

Mace and Annabelle Griffith, 55th, September 
2. Members of the St. James Brethren Church. 
Max and Winifred Landes, 50th, August 31. 
Members of the Flora First Brethren Church. 
Roy and Wava Amstutz, 50th, August 20. Mem- 
bers of the Ashland Park Street Brethren Church. 
Herb and Alberta Kridler, 50th, August 14. 
Members of the Pleasant View Brethren Church. 
Rev. Arthur J. and Dorothy Rose Tinkel, 50th, 
July 19. Members of the Sarver Brethren Church, 
where Rev. Tinkel serves as pastor. 


Carolyn Rowland to Darryl Binkley, July 30, 
at the St. James Brethren Church; Pastor Brian 
H. Moore officiating. Groom a member of the St. 
James Brethren Church. 

Sherri Bowman to Jonathan Fainter, July 2, at 
the Maurertown Brethren Church; Pastor Rich- 
ard Craver officiating. Bride a member of the 
Maurertown Brethren Church. 
Mindy Wright to Mark Benton, April 23, at the 
North Manchester First Brethren Church; Pastor 
Marlin McCann officiating. Groom a member of 
the North Manchester First Brethren Church. 
Dominique Yvette Hutchison to Alan R. Beck, 
March 20, at the family home; Rick Koch offici- 
ating. Bride a member of the Milledgeville Breth- 
ren Church. 


New Beginnings, 

New Opportunities 

"Being confident of this, that he who began 

a good work in you will carry it on to completion 

until the day of Christ Jesus." Philippians 1:6 

September is a time for new beginnings — the kids head back to school and 
adults return to a more routine lifestyle following the somewhat laid-back atmos- 
phere of summer. The start of this yearly cycle often offers new opportunities for 
new beginnings. 

Many Brethren churches are experiencing new beginnings and the new oppor- 
tunities that come with them. Passing On the Promise has 
offered new hope for some congregations that had set- 
Y^m ftfcT tied into the routine of status quo. Other congrega- 

^^*m Hk^£^ tions are also experiencing revitalization in outreach 

Passing on the Promise and in s P iritual growth 

The Brethren Church National Office is happy to serve as a resource center for 
new beginnings — from support to Passing On the Promise churches, to encourage- 
ment for churches seeking a pastor, to fresh ideas at the beginning of a new year 
in youth ministry, to providing curriculum for a new Sunday school year. 

We stand ready to help you and your 
church in this time of new beginnings and 
new opportunities. 

Thank you for standing with 
us by your financial contribu- 
tions that make our ministry 
possible. Your gift for Brethren 
Church Ministries this month is 
important, as is your inclusion 
of The Brethren Church in 
your 1995 church budget. 
Thank you for your partnership 
in the gospel. 

The Brethren Church 

524 College Avenue 
Ashland, OH 44805 



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Seeing God's Hand at Work 

A Testimony to God's Faithfulness 

By Don Henderson 

The following is an open letter given to Pastor 
Floyd Minor of the Fort Scott, Kans., Brethren 
Church to be read to the Fort Scott congregation on 
August 14, 1994. According to Pastor Minor, Don 
Henderson is a 30-year-old student at a community 
| college in Fort Scott. He recently graduated from the 
f| truck-driving course and is now employed as an over- 
the-road driver. 

He comes from a metropolitan area in Michigan, 

I where he was heavily involved in the New Age move- 

1 ment. He had a Christian upbringing, but became 

disillusioned with Christianity because of inconsis- 

| tencies he saw in the lives of those around him. 

He first attended a morning worship service at the 
, Fort Scott Brethren Church in June, because "some- 
| thing told him that was where he should be." Follow- 
ing that service, he asked to speak to Pastor Minor. 
This was the first of many such sessions with the 
pastor and many hours of Bible study and prayer. 

Pastor Minor concludes, "Don is committed to God's 
will for his life and has placed Christ on the throne of 
his heart. This is just one of the testimonies of the 
Holy Spirit's work in The Brethren Church today." 

Dear Friends, 

I would like to start by praising God for all of 
1 the miraculous changes he has made in my life 
over the last few months. I praise Him for His 
love, for my life, and for the perfect answer to 
every prayer I've uttered over the last fifteen 
years. No matter how far I strayed, He never left 
' my side! I know that it is difficult sometimes to 
see those answers, but I assure you the failure is 
ours, not His. 

I praise Him for His Son, Jesus Christ, by 
whom we are set free from the bonds of Satan. 

I praise Him for the Brethren Church of Ft. 

Scott, Kansas! You see, I became disillusioned 
with His Church and walked away some fifteen 
years ago. But through each and every one of you 
and the Spirit who moves so visibly throughout 
this family, He has shown me how truly foolish 
those fears and apprehensions really were. 

I thank all of you for accepting me with such 
love and openness as to completely strip away my 
misgivings about the church. I thank you also for 
the powerful and unwavering prayer-support 
you've given me. I can't begin to express what a 
blessing that support is. 

I regret that I am not able to join you in wor- 
ship this morning. I feel like — well, it's like being 
away from home. I guess I didn't realize it until 
right now, but being a part of your family makes 
me feel like I'm at home. Again, I want to thank 
all of you for making me feel that way. 

I hope to be making Ft. Scott my home in the 
near future, but the Father has some work for me 
to do, and ultimately, that decision is in His 
hands. I trust His wisdom beyond any doubt, so if 
He has other plans, I am sure they are in my best 
interest as well as His. 

Regardless of what those decisions may be in 
the long run, I know in my heart that I have work 
remaining in Ft. Scott. So as soon as is possible, 
I'll be dropping in to share with you all in praising 
and worshiping His name. Until then, I'll be re- 
membering you all in my thoughts and prayers. 

Please continue to support the work the Father 
brings into my life with your prayers. 

May God bless and strengthen each of you! 

Until we meet again. 

Your brother in Jesus, 
Don Henderson 




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The Brethren Evangelist 

Funderburg Library 


North Manchester, IN 46962 

October 1994 
Volume 116, Number 9 

The Brethren Evangelist 

(ISSN 0747-4288) 


Richard C. Winfield 

Children's Page 

Sandi Rowsey 

Editorial and 
Business Office 

524 College Avenue 

Ashland, OH 44805-3792 

Phone: 419-289-1708 

Published: Monthly (except 
July and August issues are 
combined) by The Brethren 
Church, Inc., 524 College Ave., 
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thors' views are not necessarily 
those of The Brethren Church. 

Subscription Rates: One 

year, $11.50 for 100% church 
lists; $13.50 for church lists 
of five or more names; $14.50 
for individual subscriptions. 
Single-copy price, $1.50. 

Change of Address: Please 
send notice at least three 
weeks in advance. Copy old ad- 
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Manuscript Policy: While 
some unsolicited manuscripts 
are accepted, a query letter 
sent first describing a proposed 
manuscript is preferred. In- 
clude a self-addressed, stamped 
envelope with all manuscripts. 
Suggestions and forms for re- 
porting news items are avail- 
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Advertising: The Evangelist 
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available upon request. 

Postmaster: Please send Form 
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Second Class Postage: Paid 
at Ashland, Ohio. 

Member: Evangelical Press 

October 1994 


A Testimony to God's Faithfulness by Don Henderson 2 

An open letter of praise to God and of thanks to His people. 

How Was Your Trip to China? by Richard C. Winfield 4 

Eight words that summarize the Winfields' response to the question 
many have asked about their summer experience abroad. 

A Quiz on the Progressive Brethren by Matthew W. Hamel 8 

An interrogative tour of the events that led to the formation of our 
branch of the Brethren family tree. 

"The Bible Says . . .": Literalism in Biblical Interpretation 10 

by Brian H. Moore 

Why reading and understanding the Bible isn't as easy as "simply tak- 
ing it at its word." 

Having the Bible in Times of Crisis: What Difference Does 22 

It Make? An interview with Fred A. Allen 
Distributing Scriptures along with food and other needs during disas- 
ters and crises is relevant and important. 

Reaching the World for Christ by the Year 2000 by Rick Wood 23 

The goal of the AD 2000 Movement is a church for every people and 
the gospel for every person by the beginning of the next millennium. 

Ministry Pages 

Ashland University 


Preparing Ashland University for the Next Century 

by President G. William Benz 

Testimonies to Fruit-Bearing on the Ashland University 14 

Campus by Mike Gleason and several Ashland University students 

From the Grape Vine 
Children's Page 

by Sandi Rowsey 



Cartoon 2 

Update 16 


For Editor Dick Winfield and his wife, Kitty, the buildings on the cover 
became a familiar sight this summer, for the buildings were located on the 
campus of Guangdong College of Education in Guangzhou, China, where the 
Winfields spent five weeks. The contrast between the small structure (built 
out over a pond) in the foreground with its traditional Chinese roof, and the 
nine-story classroom behind it (where the Winfields taught English classes) is 
symbolic of the many contrasts the Winfields saw while in China. See the 
article, "How Was Your Trip to China?" on the next four pages for details. 

Answers to the Little Crusader page: 

The Bible verse should read, "But grow in the grace and knowledge of our 
Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. To him be glory both now and forever ! Amen." 

Some ways you could grow stronger in Christ are by reading the Bible, by 
obeying God's word, by memorizing Scripture verses, by going to Sunday 
school and church, by praying, and by telling others about Jesus. 

How Was Your Trip 
To China?" 

By Richard C. Winfield, Editor 


China?" This is a question 
my wife and I have heard numer- 
ous times since we returned on Au- 
gust 1 1 from our five weeks in that 
country. It's a question we've wel- 
comed, because we enjoy talking 
about our experience there. 

But before answering that ques- 
tion, perhaps I should answer some 
other questions that may be run- 
ning through your mind, such ques- 
tions as: "When did you go to 
China?" "Why did you go?" "What 
did you do there?" 


My wife, Kitty, and I entered 
China by train from Hong Kong on 
July 4 (a different, but exciting, 
way to spend the Fourth of July!), 
and left on August 9. We went there 
under the auspices of a U.S. -based, 
non-denominational organization 
that recruits American and Cana- 
dian Christians to teach English in 
Chinese educational institutions. 

We went to China to teach Eng- 
lish, but as Christians we also went 
to bear witness by our lives (and 
by our words, when opportunities 
arose) to our faith in Jesus Christ. 
We financed this short-term spe- 
cial ministry with personal funds, 
with assistance from family and 

We were two members of a team 
of eight American teachers who were 
assigned to Guangdong College of 
Education in the city of Guang- 
zhou (Canton) in southern China, 
about 90 miles from Hong Kong. 
Our students were all adults who 
knew English. In fact, all but a few 
were English teachers who taught 
at the junior high, high school, or 
college level in Chinese schools. 

*I also want to acknowledge with 
thanks the contribution of the General 
Conference Executive Committee, which 
allowed me time away from the office 
in order to make this trip to China. 

Dick (right) with his class, all but one of whom were English teachers. The 
woman standing at the back of the room is the dean of the foreign language 
department of the college, who supervised the summer English program. 

Kitty had a class of 16 students, 
and I had a class of 12, to whom we 
taught a four-week intensive Eng- 
lish reading and writing course. For 
many of our students, it was the 
first time they had ever had a class 
that was taught all in English. 

While at the school, Kitty and I 
stayed in a building (known as the 
Experts Apartments!) where guest 
lecturers and visitors to the school 
are housed. The other six members 
of our team occupied three other 
apartments in the building. Our 
team ate meals together in a guest 
dining room in the school dining 
hall, where we were served very 
good meals. 

With that much background, let 
me return to the question we've 
been asked so often: "How was 
your trip to China?" 


First of all, it was interesting — 
there was so much new to see and 
experience. Our first impression of 
China was of the lush green coun- 

tryside. We were in southern 
China, which is in the tropics. 
Guangzhou is on the same latitude 
as the northern part of Cuba, so it 
was very warm. It was also humid, 
with a lot of rain. 

Our second impression was of 
construction. It seemed that every- 
where we looked something was 
being built — roads, bridges, over- 
passes ("flyovers" as they call them), 
the railway bed, and especially 
buildings — high-rise apartment 
houses and many-storied office 
buildings. As one of our teacher's 
aids said, "China is a land under 
construction." We were particular- 
ly intrigued by the bamboo scaf- 
folding that completely surrounds 
the tall buildings as they are un- 
der construction. 

We also found so much that was 
interesting about the Chinese peo- 
ple: where they live; how they live; 
what they eat; problems they face. 
We learned, for example, that most 
of the people in that area lived not 
in individual houses but in high- 

The Brethren Evangelist 

"Of China's 1.2 billion people, these 75 to 80 million Christians represent 
only 6 */4 to 6 2 /3 percent. In fact, the noivChristian population of China 
is at least four times the total population of the United States. 

rise apartment buildings (which is 
why so many of them are under 

A side note on this: Our Chinese 
students were quite surprised to 
learn that our unmarried, 23-year- 
old daughter (a nurse) lives in an 
apartment by herself. For them, 
this was unheard of. Due to the 
shortage of apartments, unmarried 
sons and daughters live with their 
parents, even if they are financial- 
ly independent. In fact, they often 
have to live with parents even af- 
ter they are married. 

My wife's teacher's aid and her 
husband (a lawyer), for instance, 
are living with her parents while 
they wait for an apartment to be- 
come available. But not only they, 
for her brother, his wife, and their 
three-year-old daughter also share 
that same modest-sized apartment! 

These are just a few of the many 
things we found so interesting on 
our trip to China. 


How was our trip to China? It 
was also eye-opening. Our eyes were 
opened to what a large country it 
is! We didn't see China, only one 
tiny part of it. We didn't even get 

The living room of our apartment, which also had a bedroom, small kitchen 
(which we didn't use since we ate our meals in a dining hall), and bathroom. The 
apartment had air conditioning (a real blessing in that hot climate!), a television 
set (which we seldom watched, since most programs were in Chinese), a phone 
(from which we made several calls to the U.S.), and a small washing machine. 

within a thousand miles of Beijing 
or the Great Wall. 

When we saw Guangzhou's busy 
streets, got stuck in its traffic, or 
walked through its busy depart- 
ment stores, our eyes were also 
opened to China's teeming popula- 
tion. And yet Guangzhou's five 
million or so people are just a drop 

Kitty (6th from the left) and her students, with a classroom building behind 
them. Our classes met on the sixth floor of this nine-story building. 

October 1994 

in the bucket to China's nearly 1.2 
billion people — about 4V£ times the 
population of the United States in 
a land area only two percent larger 
than that of the entire U.S. 

Our eyes were also opened to the 
contrasts that exist in that coun- 
try. Guangzhou is a large city with 
many modern conveniences. We 
saw modern department stores full 
of merchandise, luxury hotels, 
copy centers, people wearing beep- 
ers and talking on cellular phones. 
But on the train-ride between 
Guangzhou and Hong Kong, we 
saw men plowing with water buffa- 
loes and women doing farm work 
by hand. 

Even Guangzhou itself is a 
strange mixture of the modern and 
the traditional. In addition to the 
clean, modern department stores, 
there are also dusty street mar- 
kets. One of the most incongruous 
things we saw was a man talking 
on a cellular phone while riding in 
a cart on the back of a bicycle! 

Bicycles are a common mode of 
transportation, since very few peo- 
ple in China own cars. This also 
resulted in some eye-opening scenes. 
We saw people all dressed up, rid- 
ing bicycles to work. Women riding 


'/in •!■- 

'■ : ■ ■■■' - 


;nsa *■ ■■ 

Everywhere we looked in China we saw construction. This apartment building 
for faculty and staff was being constructed on the Guangdong College of Educa- 
tion campus. Notice the bamboo scaffolding that surrounds the building. 

bicycles wearing nice dresses (we 
could never understand how they 
kept them so clean!), hose, high 
heels, and hats were a common 
sight. On the other hand, Guang- 
zhou also has plenty of public 
transportation — lots of buses (even 
some double-decker ones) and 
thousands of taxis. 


How was our trip to China? At 
times it was frustrating. We were 
frustrated by our inability to talk 
to people and our inability to read 
anything — signs, billboards, or 
sometimes even the words on 
restroom doors! 

Whenever we got off the college 
campus, we found very few people 
who understood any English. And 
our Chinese is even worse (which 
is to say, nonexistent). Thus we 
were frustrated in our desire to 
talk to the man (or woman) on the 
street. Talking to clerks in stores 
was also a problem (except in the 
large department stores, where 
some of them knew English). 

It is surprising, however, how 
much you can communicate by us- 
ing signs and gestures, especially 
if you learn to be patient. On the 
other hand, even with those who 
spoke English, communication 
seemed to break down at the most 
inopportune times. 

Another source of frustration 
was our less-than-ideal teaching 


conditions. As I've mentioned, the 
weather was hot and humid, so our 
classrooms were very warm. For- 
tunately, the rooms had windows 
on two sides, so we could get cross 
ventilation. But sometimes it was 
too breezy, and a few times the 
rooms were like wind tunnels! Fur- 
thermore, along with the breezes 
came traffic noise from the busy 
streets nearby as well as sounds 
from the classrooms next door. 

It was hard enough for the stu- 
dents to understand our English and 
for us to understand their accents. 
But these conditions made it worse. 
Sometimes we would think, "If I 
could only have these students in a 
nice quiet room for awhile, how 
much more we could accomplish!" 


But along with the frustrations, 
we also found our trip to China to 
be very rewarding. In spite of the 
less than ideal classroom condi- 
tions, our students did learn. Their 
ability to speak, read, and write 
English improved during the four- 
week course. This is the kind of re- 
ward that every teacher appreciates. 

In addition, our students were so 
eager to learn and so appreciative 
of our efforts that it was a joy to 
teach. And what a blessing it was 
to get to know them personally! 
Before we left, our classes took us 
out to eat at a restaurant, took 
photographs and gave us copies, and 

presented us with gifts (both gifts 
from the class as a whole and from 
some individuals in the class). We 
treasure the memory of our times 
with them as well as the gifts they 
gave us. But even more rewarding 
to us is remembering their com- 
ment, "You have been so kind to 
us"; their other words of apprecia- 
tion; and the tears that were shed 
on our final day together. 


Our trip to China was also a 
humbling experience. Being treated 
so royally by our students was part 
of that abasement. Here were peo- 
ple who have so much less than we 
have taking us out to eat and giv- 
ing us gifts. 

We were also humbled (embar- 
rassed might be a better word) at 
how little we knew about China, 
its history, culture, literature, etc. 
Even the fact that we didn't know 
Chinese was itself humbling. We 
were teaching people who knew 
our language; but we didn't know 
any of theirs. 

Another humbling thing was see- 
ing how long-suffering the Chinese 
people are. We Americans are so 
prone to complain about the slight- 
est inconvenience. I mentioned 
earlier the frustrations we experi- 
enced in our classrooms — the heat, 
the wind, the noise. The students 
had to put up with these things too, 
but they seemed to take them in 
stride. At times they even seemed 
to be oblivious to them. 

It was also humbling when we 
compared their standard of living 
with ours. Most Chinese people 
don't even dream of attaining a 
style of life that most of us take for 
granted. They entertain no hope of 
owning a house in the suburbs sur- 
rounded by grass. They only aspire 
to a larger apartment in a nicer 
apartment building. Only one of 
my students had a motorcycle (the 
rest had bicycles), and they didn't 
ever expect to own a car. 


Our trip to China was also sober- 
ing. This was the first time in my 
life that I had been in a country 
where the vast majority of people 
claim no religion. 

On the positive side, we attended 
a church in Guangzhou on our first 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Sunday in the city. It had been a 
Southern Baptist Church but was 
now nondenominational. It is one 
of the official churches allowed by 
the Chinese government (as op- 
posed to the underground house 
churches, which are not). Approxi- 
mately 600 people filled the large 
sanctuary — people of all ages, not 
just old people as I expected. In fact, 
if anything people from approximate- 
ly 18 to 30 were in the majority. 

I was blessed by worshiping with 
this group of believers, even though 
I couldn't understand the service, 
which was entirely in Chinese. I 
particularly enjoyed the hymns. 
These were sung to hymn tunes 
which we knew, and we were given 
hymnals that had the English 
words. So as they sang in Chinese, 
we sang along in English. While 
humanly speaking there was a 
confusion of languages, I'm sure the 
Lord was able to sort it out! I also 
enjoyed the choir, made up mainly 
of young adults, who presented an 
enthusiastic special number. 

Being a part of that service was 
a blessed experience, and I am 
thankful for that church. But it is 
one of only a few official churches 
and approximately 60 house con- 
gregations in Guangzhou, a metro- 
politan area with an estimated pop- 
ulation of more than five million 
people! These are sobering statistics. 
(By comparison, Ashland County 

has at least 65 churches serving a 
population of only 47,500.) 

It is impossible to know how many 
Christians there are in China, 
since the majority of them worship 
in house churches. Some estimates 
put the figure at 60 million, and 
recently I read a report that put it 
as high as 75 to 80 million. 

That sounds great, and we are 
certainly thankful for these 75 to 
80 million believers. But when we 
compare these figures with the to- 
tal population of China, the result 
is sobering indeed. Of China's 1.2 
billion people, these 75 to 80 mil- 
lion Christians represent only 6V4 
to 6% percent. In fact, the non- 
Christian population of China is at 
least four times the total popula- 
tion of the United States. 

On the personal level, we en- 
countered little apparent interest 
in spiritual things among our stu- 
dents, although some interest be- 
gan to surface by the end of the 
four weeks. As far as we learned, 
only one or two of our students at- 
tend a church. 

So while we had an interesting 
and rewarding trip to China, it was 
also a sobering time as we faced 
these stark spiritual realities. 


Our trip to China was also in one 
respect a little disappointing. We 
had looked forward to the opportu- 

What a blessing it was to worship on July 10 with approximately 600 other 
people at this church in the heart of Guangzhou! 

October 1994 

nity for spending time individually 
with our students in order to get to 
know them personally and perhaps 
to have a chance to talk about spir- 
itual matters. But our teaching 
was so demanding and so many 
other activities were scheduled 
that our opportunities to meet one- 
on-one were very limited. 

One reason for this was that our 
team was one of two that intro- 
duced a new English course in the 
summer program this year. While 
we had a textbook, we did not have 
a teacher's guide, so we spent a lot 
of time planning lessons. In addi- 
tion, because it was in part a writ- 
ing course, we spent hours reading 
and grading the writing assignments 
and essays of our students. This 
used up a lot of the time that we 
had hoped to spend chatting with 
the students, during which we could 
have talked about serious matters 
of life and faith. 

Nevertheless, our hope and prayer 
is that we — and the nearly 200 
other teachers from our sending 
agency and the hundreds of Chris- 
tian teachers from similar agencies 
that were teaching in China this 
past summer — have, by our lives and 
our words, planted seeds that will 
take root and grow in the lives of 
numerous Chinese people, bring- 
ing them to faith in Jesus Christ. 


Finally, our trip to China was 
enticing. We got just enough of a 
taste of China that we hope to re- 
turn. China is closed to mission- 
aries, but the Chinese government 
still welcomes teachers. And teach- 
ers can have a lasting influence. 
Soon after we began teaching, a stu- 
dent said to one of our team mem- 
bers, "You are so kind. You remind 
me of another foreign teacher I 
had. He was a Christian." 

How was our trip to China? It 
was interesting, eye-opening, 
frustrating, rewarding, humbling, 
sobering, disappointing, and entic- 
ing. In short, it was great! 

Perhaps this report of our expe- 
rience has enticed you to consider 
short-term Christian ministry op- 
portunities. If your heart has been 
stirred, consider China. Then you 
too will have the joy of responding 
to the question, "How was your 
trip to China?" [ft] 

A Quiz on the 
Progressive Brethren 

By Matthew W. Hamel 

Welcome to the second in this series of quizzes on Brethren history! In this month's 
quiz, we will be taking a tour of the events that led to the formation of our branch 
of the Brethren family tree — The Brethren Church. 

AS BRETHREN in America in 
the late 19th century became 
more aware of American society, 
tensions began to build between 
those in the church who advocated 
adapting to changes in society and 
those who were opposed to new 
ideas. Those who were willing to 
adapt to society were known as 
Progressives. Who were these Pro- 
gressives, and how did they influ- 
ence The Brethren Church? For 
answers to these questions, read on. 

1. A source of contention among 
the Brethren as they approached 
the 1880s was: 

Indoor baptistries. Go to 9. 
Higher education. Go to 28. 

2. From very early in their his- 
tory, Brethren met on a yearly 
basis for fellowship and to conduct 
the business of the church. These 
Annual Meetings were similar to 
our General Conference, with plenty 
of time for Christian fellowship 
and for coming to consensus about 
matters of faith and practice. In 
response to the growing variety of 
opinions on some issues (such as 
those already discussed), Annual 
Meeting decisions on matters in 
dispute were made binding on all 
members of the church. This in- 
cluded decisions concerning: 

Dress. Go to 4. 
Beards. Go to 30. 

Mr. Hamel, a member of the Johns- 
town, Pa., Second Brethren Church, is 
a 1993 graduate of Ashland Theologi- 
cal Seminary with a degree in church 
history. He has spent the past year re- 
searching Brethren history, which has 
included doing several genealogical 
searches. If interested in his genealogi- 
cal services, you may contact him in 
care of the Evangelist. 


This man played a leading role in the 
establishment of The Brethren Church. Do 
you know his name? See question 7. 

3. Correct! Holsinger's knack for 
the publishing business enabled 
him to acquire another Progressive 
paper, Stephen Bashor's Gospel 
Preacher, in June of 1882. The fol- 
lowing year the combined maga- 
zine was renamed The Brethren's 
Evangelist. Press on to 31. 

4. Yes! Members had always 
been encouraged to wear plain dress 
(cf. 1 Peter 3:3). But the influence 
of newer styles led to stricter guide- 
lines. Jump ahead to 30, then back- 
track to 25. 

5. You're rushing things a bit. 
Like most conservative groups, the 
Brethren resisted changes in their 
worship traditions. But the use of 
gospel songs (Christian music that 
puts more focus on human emo- 
tions) did not become an issue un- 
til later. Take a look at 22. 

6. The new Brethren Church 
was quick to organize groups for 
women and youth. One of the first 
auxiliary organizations formed was: 

The S.S.C.E. Go to 20. 
The Y.P.S.C.E.B.C. Go to 8. 

7. The most outspoken supporter 
of the Progressive cause was: 

Henry R. Holsinger. Go to 14. 
Stephen H. Bashor. Go to 32. 

8. No, this group came later. It's 
name was (Are you ready for this?) 
the Young People's Society of Chris- 
tian Endeavor of the Brethren 
Church (whew!). It was an arm of 
the nationwide Christian Endeavor 
movement, an interfaith youth fel- 
lowship. Cruise on to 13. 

9. No, indoor baptistries were not 
a divisive issue. Even so, the "Old 
Order" branches of the Brethren con- 
tinue to baptize outdoors in all kinds 
of weather. Shiver on to 15. 

10. Another group was dissatis- 
fied with the mandatory decisions 
of Annual Meeting. Because of their 
ready acceptance of new ideas, the 
Brethren in this broad-minded fac- 
tion of the church were called "fast." 

True. Go to 24. 
False. God to 19. 

11. Not exactly. Try 36 instead. 

12. Correct. Religious instruction 
was considered to be the responsi- 
bility of parents in the home. Some 
saw Sunday schools as a threat to 
the closeness of the nuclear and 
extended family. Rewind to 2. 

13. After a few years of indeci- 
sion, the Brethren resolved in 1892 
to hold Conferences annually so 
that concerns of the fellowship 
could be addressed quickly. It was 
resolved that the site of these Con- 
ferences should be Ashland, Ohio. 

True. Go to 35. 
False. Go to 29. 

14. Right on! In his magazines, 

The Brethren Evangelist 

the Christian Family Companion 
and The Progressive Christian, 
Holsinger regularly criticized the 
decisions of Annual Meeting. Jour- 
ney on to 18. 

15. Another issue was extended 
revival services or "protracted meet- 
ings." These were criticized for sev- 
eral reasons. One of these was: 

That they encouraged emotional 
decisions for Christ. Go to 17. 

That "gospel songs" were used. Go 
to 5. 

16. You're correct. The Progres- 
sives believed that the Annual Meet- 
ing system was not scriptural. They 
thought that the legalistic attitude 
of those in power conflicted with 
the spirit and intent of the Bible. 
Swing on over to 33. 

17. You're right! These services 
were held by traveling evangelists 
and sometimes lasted several weeks. 
The emotional appeals for conver- 
sion were seen by some as a threat 
to the Brethren emphasis on disci- 
pleship and on "counting the cost" 
(cf. Luke 14:25-33). Move on to 22. 

18. An effective writer and pub- 
lisher, Holsinger used his magazines 
as platforms from which to debate 
those in the "Old Order" and mod- 
erate camps. After discontinuing the 
Christian Family Companion in 
1873, he began The Progressive 
Christian in 1878. This magazine 
later became: 

The Messenger. Go to 21. 

The Brethren Evangelist. Go to 3. 

19. Oops! Try 24 instead. 

20. Good choice! The Sisters' 
Society of Christian Endeavor was 
begun by resolution of the 1887 
Convention and eventually became 
the Woman's Missionary Society. 
Head back to 8 and then on to 13. 

21. You're in the wrong pew. This 
is the magazine of the Church of 
the Brethren. Hop on down to 31. 

22. Sunday schools were also re- 
sisted by some groups in the church 
because of: 

Inadequate funds for Christian 
education. Go to 34. 

Fears of weakening the family. 
Go to 12. 

23. Correct. This convention was 
October 1994 

held in the original Founder's Hall 
on the Ashland College campus. The 
Brethren adopted a "Declaration of 
Principles" in which they set forth 
their platform and expressed their 
grievances against the church. They 
did not officially organize, however, 
wanting to allow one last opportu- 
nity for reconciliation at the Annual 
Meeting in May 1883. Swing by 27, 
then go on to 6. 

24. Right! These "fast" Brethren 
favored keeping up with society in 
order to broaden the church's mis- 
sion. This "fast" group of Progres- 
sives were at one extreme and the 
"Old Orders" were at the other. Be- 
tween them was a large group of 
moderates (often called "Conserva- 
tives"), who later became the Church 
of the Brethren. Now back to 7. 

25. Passage and enforcement of 
Annual Meeting decisions did little 
to calm the unrest within the 
denomination as it approached the 
1880s. Sunday schools and colleges 
were finally approved, but this up- 
set a large faction of the more tra- 
ditional Brethren, known as: 

The "Slow" Brethren. Go to 11. 
The "Old Orders." Go to 36. 

26. Sorry! This was a Progres- 
sive motto, but not the one adopted 
at the meeting at Schoolhouse No. 
7. As this motto suggests, the Pro- 
gressives believed that on matters 
not strictly prohibited by Scripture, 
individual freedom of choice should 
be allowed rather than the strict 
uniformity required by the other 
Brethren groups. Continue on to 33. 

27. Not so fast! The second con- 
vention of The Brethren Church 
was held at Dayton in 1883. At 
this 1883 convention, a new and 
separate Brethren Church was of- 
ficially organized. Take a look at 
23, then go way back to 6. 

28. Good job! Schooling beyond 
the elementary level was consid- 
ered prideful and a sign of vain 
worldliness. Jump back to 15. 

29. Correct. Read 35, then leap- 
frog to 37. 

30. A near miss! Beards, while 
encouraged, were never mandatory, 
except for those in the eldership. It 
is of interest that Brethren, like 

other anabaptist groups, discour- 
aged men from wearing mustaches 
(especially without a beard), since 
this was associated with those in 
the military. Now trim back to 25. 

31. Henry Holsinger ran afoul of 
Annual Meeting because of his con- 
stant agitation for progress, and he 
was expelled on the first day of the 
1882 Annual Meeting. Following that 
day's emotionally-charged sessions, 
Holsinger's supporters held an eve- 
ning meeting at nearby Schoolhouse 
No. 7. During this meeting and one 
held the next day, the Progressive 
perspective was formulated and a 
motto was adopted. That motto, 
which is still used today, was: 

'The Bible, the whole Bible, and 
nothing but the Bible." Go to 16. 

"In essentials unity, in nonessen- 
tials liberty, in all things charity." 
Go to 26. 

32. Sorry, wrong man. But Bashor 
could be called "the most outspo- 
ken supporter of revival meetings," 
since he claimed to have brought 
about the conversion of 10,000 peo- 
ple through special meetings be- 
tween 1874 and 1882. A memorial 
on the campus of Ashland Theo- 
logical Seminary honors Bashor 
for his work as a 'Pioneer Evangel- 
ist." Have a look at 14. 

33. The first convention of the 
Progressive Brethren was held 
June 29-30, 1882, at: 

Dayton, Ohio. Go to 27. 
Ashland, Ohio. Go to 23. 

34. Whoops! See 12. 

35. No, Conferences were not 
limited to Ashland. They were also 
held in various other places, in- 
cluding Warsaw, Ind. (1892, 1893); 
Eagle Lake, Ind. (1896); Johns- 
town, Pa. (1897); and Winona 
Park, Ind. (1899); just to mention 
those held before 1990. Head on 
down to 37. 

36. Correct. This group was con- 
centrated in southwestern Ohio, 
near Dayton, a center of "Old Or- 
der" activity to this day. Now jump 
way back to 10. 

37. Done at last! Congratula- 
tions on finishing this quiz on the 
beginnings of The Brethren 
Church. m 

the Bible 

IF YOU have been following the 
articles in this series on "Under- 
standing the Bible," you may be ask- 
ing, "Why all this bother about how 
to interpret the Bible? Why not 
just read it, believe it, obey it, and 
grow from it? Does one have to be 
a scholar to understand the Bible?" 
Well, you have asked a lot of 
questions all at once! Slow down a 
bit, and I will try to explain why we 
are doing this series. 

Why we are doing this series 

FIRST, the Bible itself, in most 
instances, does not tell us how to 
interpret its message. Sometimes 
the writer or speaker will say that 
this is a parable or a story or that 
certain exotic characters represent 
specific people or nations. But the 
Bible as a whole does not contain 
its own interpretive notes. (That's 
why we have so many study Bibles!) 

In fact, when the Bible's authors 
were writing down their messages, 
they did not know that they were 
writing "for the Bible." Each was 
writing for his time, his place, and 
his circumstance. So all of the 
books of the Bible cannot be read in 
the same way. Each must be inter- 
preted in light of the situation in 
which and for which it was written. 

SECOND, since the books of the 
Bible were written so long ago and 
in such far away (from us) places, it 
is not easy just to read and under- 
stand their messages. To think that 
we could do so assumes that the 
people of the Bible were all just like 
us, living in a world like ours, think- 

Rev. Moore is pastor of the St. James, 
Md., Brethren Church. He is a member 
of The Brethren Church's Committee on 
Doctrine, Research, and Publication, 
which is preparing this series of articles. 


The Bible Says 



Biblical Interpretation 

By Brian H. Moore 

ing the way we think, living the 
way we live. But we know that isn't 
true! We don't even live in the 
world we used to live in, think the 
way we used to think, live the way 
we once lived. Just in our lifetimes 
life has changed dramatically. Imag- 
ine how much more it has changed 
in the span of 2,000 or even 4,000 
years! To interpret the Bible cor- 
rectly, we must try to bridge this 
gap of time and distance. 

THIRD, the questions you have 
raised overlook something very 
important: everyone comes to the 
Bible with what we might call pre- 
understandings. These are ideas we 
have before we begin reading the 
Bible. We cannot avoid coming to 
the Bible with these ideas because 
pre-understandings are part of who 
we are and how we think. Even 
your questions indicate certain pre- 
understandings (namely, that the 
Bible is simple, everyone can un- 
derstand it, etc.). Even people who 
begin reading the Bible for the first 
time bring some kind of pre-under- 
standing to it. 

What we are trying to do through 
this series of articles is to help us 
isolate some of our pre-understand- 
ings, to examine them, and to align 
them with our Brethren heritage. 
Brethren people should have Breth- 
ren pre-understandings. 

Literal versus allegorical 

One of the issues facing anyone 
who would read the Bible and try to 
understand its message is the ques- 
tion of literalism. (This is true of 
reading anything!) Does what we 
are reading mean simply and plain- 
ly what it says? Are all words and 
ideas to be taken at "face value"? 

Years ago in the history of the 
church, some teachers and scholars 

took the opposite approach — that the 
Bible almost never means what it 
simply says. They believed that all 
the stories, teachings, prophecies, 
poems, and riddles mean some- 
thing much different from what 
they plainly say. This is called alle- 
gorizing. Allegorizing attaches fan- 
ciful meanings to the simplest of 

It is true that the Bible contains 
allegories (such as the vine and the 
branches). But allegorizing as an in- 
terpretive method is questionable 
because in its excessive use of the 
imagination, it finds meanings the 
author never intended. 

Problems of literalism 

Our concern here, however, is 
with the opposite extreme: literal- 
ism. Literalism errs by not finding 
the author's intended meaning be- 
cause of adhering too closely to the 
"face value" of the words he uses. 

"Do you take the Bible literally?" 
someone might ask. 

"Yes, I do," I would answer. 

"Does every word, then, mean ex- 
actly what it says?" 

"No, I don't think so," I would reply. 

No one is an absolute literalist. 
No one takes every word or image 
and attaches an unimaginative di- 
rect meaning to it. Does God have 
feathers and wings? If Jesus is the 
vine, do we pick grapes from Him? 
If Christians are salt, have you seen 
one lately? No one is so naive as to 
suppose that everything in the 
Bible is strictly literal. 

The problem arises, however, in 
deciding what is literal and what is 
figurative. Many conservative Chris- 
tians would rather err on the side 
of being strictly literal, but some- 
times serious questions arise because 
we have tried to be too staunchly 

The Brethren Evangelist 

"In our concern for faithfulness to the words of Scripture, we may 
miss the point the author is trying to make — with the result that we 
are not faithful to the meaning of Scripture." 

literal. In our concern for faithful- 
ness to the words of Scripture, we 
may miss the point the author is 
trying to make — with the result that 
we are not faithful to the meaning 
of Scripture. 

Literalism becomes a problem 
when, in our uncompromising ad- 
herence to the sacredness of Scrip- 
ture, we are afraid to "take a chance" 
that the author might have meant 
something other than the obvious. 
We would never want to be guilty of 
twisting the meaning of a passage, 
so we stick to the words rather than 
explore the possibility that the 
author may have meant something 
different from the obvious. 

Literalism as an escape 

Literalism is also a problem if it 
is employed as an escape from the 
hard work of interpretation. If liter- 
alism is a shortcut, an avenue of 
least resistance, a hurried attempt 
to find meaning, then it is suspect. 

For example, literalism makes 
short work of the place of women in 
ministry by appealing to this text: 
"Let your women keep silence in 
the churches: for it is not permitted 
unto them to speak ... it is a shame 
for women to speak in the church" 
(1 Corinthians 14:34, 35). This pas- 
sage may or may not apply to 
women in ministry. But does any- 
one take these words in an abso- 
lutely literal sense? 

Literalism also becomes a prob- 
lem when it is used selectively in 
order to fit some parts of a passage 
into one's hidden (or not so hidden) 
theological system. This idea re- 
lates to the concept of pre-under- 
standing. If our pre-understanding 
is a closed theological system, we 
may find ourselves adjusting Scrip- 
ture to fit our system rather than 
allowing Scripture to reframe our 
theological framework. Literalism 
then becomes the servant of our 
preconceptions . 

Literalism is also a problem if our 
belief in it causes us to become dog- 

October 1994 

matic or even arrogant, an arro- 
gance born of oversimplification. (/ 
must add that there is an arrogance 
born of over-complication as wellf) 
There is a dogmatic spirit revealed 
when someone says, 'The Bible 
says . . . ," in order to answer all 
questions and put all disputes to 
rest. To say, "The Bible says . . . ," 
does not answer the question of 
what the Bible meansl (Which gets 
back to those first questions you 
asked me.) 

Oh, yes! You asked me another 
question: "Does one have to be a 
scholar to understand the Bible?" 
Of course not! A simple plowboy 
can open the Bible and understand 
most of what it says, because the 
Bible is to be read and understood 
like any other book. At the same 
time, the more we know about the 
Bible, the better we can under- 
stand it and appreciate its rich- 
ness. (Let me add here that some- 
times literalism takes a wonder- 
fully rich tapestry of meaning and 
manages to make it drab!) 

Suggestions to guide us 

So, let me conclude by making a 
few suggestions to guide us between 
"the rock" of extreme literalism and 
"the hard place" of fanciful spiritu- 
alization of the text. 

FIRST, remember the context. 
Consider the sentences that surround 
the passage under consideration. 
Consider the entire book in which 
the passage occurs. Consider the 
Bible as a whole, because, for all its 
variety, it is remarkably consistent. 

Correspondence Welcomed 

The members of the General Con- 
ference Executive Council's Commit- 
tee on Doctrine, Research, and Pub- 
lication invite readers to suggest topics 
or Bible passages to discuss in future 
articles in this column. Send ques- 
tions, comments, or suggestions to 
the committee in care of The Breth- 
ren Evangelist, 524 College Ave., 
Ashland, OH 44805. 

SECOND, try to bridge the gap 
between times and cultures. Re- 
member that many years and many 
miles have made a great difference 
in people's thinking and percep- 
tions (especially ours!). If mission- 
aries experience "culture shock" 
even within the same time frame 
when they go far away, how much 
more must we work hard to under- 
stand people from both long ago 
and far away. 

THIRD, try to identify the class 
of literature under consideration. 
We do this automatically every day 
as we read novels, the comics, news 
reports, poetry, etc. So we need to 
take note of what we are studying; 
is it a letter, a hymn, a parable, or 
an apocalypse? Each is to be under- 
stood according to its own classifi- 

FOURTH, be aware of any vivid 
or unusual uses of language. This 
may be a clue that you should un- 
derstand the verse or passage in a 
figurative rather than a literal way. 
Understanding types of literature 
helps here, too. For example, poetry 
has more figurative language than 
stories do. 

FIFTH, note where the passage 
is in the light of God's unfolding 
revelation. The New Testament 
builds upon the Old. Christ is the 
zenith of all revelation (Heb. 1:1-2). 
Some things in the Bible are pre- 
Christian and must be understood 
in that light. To ignore this princi- 
ple is to try to apply everything lit- 
erally to this age and our lives — 
which is impossible to do. 

SIXTH, struggle to find the auth- 
or's intention. If he didn't mean 
that then, it doesn't mean that now. 
To ignore this guideline enables 
one to make the Bible say just 
about anything one wishes it to say. 

Did I answer your questions? I 
hope this helps us to broaden our 
approach to the Bible and to come 
to know its Author better. And most 
of all, I hope it helps us to follow 
Him faithfully in life. [H>] 


Preparing Ashland University 
For the Next Century 

By G. William Benz 

has been a remark- 
able one for Ashland Uni- 
versity. Using almost any 
index or measurement, 
Ashland has enjoyed a 
great deal of success. 
Here are a few examples 
that illustrate how well 
the University is doing. 

Signs of success 

• Enrollment at both the 
undergraduate and grad- 
uate level has continued 
to rise. Currently we 
have more than 5,500 
students studying at the 
University, including 
1,830 undergraduates 
on the Ashland campus 
and more than 600 en- 
rolled in the Seminary. 

• Financially, each year the 
institution gets healthier 
and healthier. The en- 
dowment has risen from 
$2 million in the early 
1980's to over $20 million today. 

• Budgets continue to be balanced 
each year and, in fact, often have 
significant surpluses. The annual 
budget increased from $12 mil- 
lion to $52 million in the last 

• The long-term debt of the Uni- 
versity has decreased steadily 
each year until it is at the point 
of being only six percent of the 
total annual budget. 

• The physical facilities of the Uni- 
versity are in very good condi- 
tion, and the campus is certainly 
among the most beautiful in the 
State of Ohio. 

• We will soon begin construction 
on a new 52,000-square-foot Stu- 
dent Center that will enable us 
to meet the needs of all our stu- 

Dr. G. William Benz, 
President of Ashland University 

dents for many years into the 
• Recent additions to our faculty 
and staff have improved the qual- 
ity of what was already an excep- 
tionally skilled and dedicated 
group of people, thoroughly com- 
mitted to teaching, scholarship, 
support of students, and service. 

One thing lacking 

It was evident to me when I ar- 
rived on the Ashland University 
campus that this was a univer- 
sity poised to become a major 
leader in higher education for this 
entire region. One thing lacking, 
however, was the existence of any 
significant long-range planning. 
What was needed was the crea- 
tion of a process, which would in- 

clude all campus con- 
stituencies, and which 
would give shape to a 
common vision for the 
University — a vision that 
would be translated into 
goals, objectives, time- 
lines, and schedules for 
implementation. In other 
words, preparing Ash- 
land University for the 
next century. 

Ashland Theological 
Seminary was the clear 
exception. It was the one 
component of the Uni- 
versity which, for several 
years, had been actively 
involved in strategic 

Beginning in 1989, the 
Seminary faculty, stu- 
dents, and staff under- 
took serious analysis of 
the mission, goals, and 
objectives of the Sem- 
inary and then developed 
a set of strategies for im- 
plementing the mission and ac- 
complishing those goals. These 
plans have been reviewed yearly 
and have provided a means by 
which the Seminary is able to 
make the adjustments in its cur- 
riculum and programs necessary 
to maintain both fidelity to its 
mission and the capability to re- 
spond to changing circumstances 
and needs. 

Starting last year, the rest of 
the University also embarked 
upon a comprehensive strategic 
planning process. This planning 
effort will ask serious questions 
about who and what we are, what 
we would like to be in the future, 
and what are the best means to 
achieve our goals. 
A Strategic Planning Commit- 


The Brethren Evangelist 

"Personally, I would hope that this university will be the kind of institution 
that every young person growing up in the Brethren Church will carefully 
consider when choosing the place for his or her college education. " 

tee was appointed to begin the 
formal process of developing this 
planning strategy. Dr. Ruth Per- 
son, Vice President for Academic 
Affairs, and Dr. Lucille Ford, Ex- 
ecutive Assistant to the President, 
were asked to chair this commit- 
tee and to orchestrate the plan- 
ning process. Nine special Task 
Forces have been formed under 
the auspices of the Strategic 
Planning Committee dealing with 
all aspects of university life, rang- 
ing from the curriculum to stu- 
dent affairs. 

More than 120 people were 
selected from the various campus 
constituencies to meet through 
the spring and summer months of 
1994 to analyze and assess the 
current situation in their particu- 
lar area and to look at what ought 
to be the future goals and objec- 
tives. This fall, an outside con- 
sultant visited the campus and 
met with the Executive Commit- 
tee of the Board of Trustees and 
the Strategic Planning Committee. 
This consultant provided further 
insight and counsel regarding 
how best to move the planning 
process along and make it as suc- 
cessful as possible. The goal is to 
have reports ready by next sum- 
mer so that, during the fall of the 
1995-96 academic year, the vari- 
ous governing bodies and consti- 
tuencies can act on these recom- 
mendations and implement them 
as quickly as possible. 

A position of strength 

What makes this planning ex- 
citing for all of us in the commu- 
nity is that its origins lie not in a 
particular crisis or out of the neces- 
sity of a difficult enrollment or fi- 
nancial situation. Ashland Univer- 
sity is doing well! But the best 
time to do systematic planning for 
the future is when things are go- 
ing well, not when things are in a 
crisis mode. You can plan much 
better from a position of strength 
than from one of weakness. 

All of us recognize that the in- 
stability of the external environ- 
ments around us — demographic 
trends, the uncertain economic 
future, the increasing cost of pri- 
vate higher education, and a host 
of other concerns — complicates the 
future of institutions such as Ash- 
land University. 

A painful lesson 

This was brought painfully to 
our attention this year, when 
Congress passed the Crime Bill, 
which included a cessation of all 
Federal Pell Grants to incarcer- 
ated students. Ashland University 
receives almost $2 million in such 
grants. The loss of this revenue 
will force us to cut back consider- 
ably on our program offerings at 
the two prison sites, although we 
plan to maintain the programs at 
a reduced level using the funding 
that still comes to us from the 
State of Ohio. 

This unforeseen circumstance 
serves as an excellent illustration 
of the importance of planning. Al- 
though you cannot always predict 
what is going to happen, careful 
and thoughtful planning makes it 
possible to make tough choices 
and allocate available resources in 
a framework of goals and objec- 
tives that has emerged from con- 
sensus decision-making and care- 
ful analysis. 

One important focus of the 
strategic planning process will be 
to examine all of our educational 
programs and services in terms of 
the University's Mission State- 
ment. Last year in The Brethren 
Evangelist, I mentioned how im- 
portant this mission has histori- 
cally been at Ashland and how 
vital a role it ought to play in 
helping to shape the nature and 
content of our future. All of us 
who are a part of the Ashland com- 
munity want to do better than we 
have done in the past in terms of 
making sure that our students 
are challenged academically and 

that they develop the competen- 
cies and skills which will enable 
them to be prepared to live useful 
and productive lives. 

We also want them to gain from 
their years on this campus a clear 
sense of values that is firmly 
rooted in the Judeo-Christian tra- 
dition, and also an appreciation 
for the importance of service and 
commitment to others. I would 
like to see Ashland known as a 
distinctive institution that takes 
seriously the intellectual, spiri- 
tual, physical, and emotional de- 
velopment of all of our students — 
undergraduate and graduate — for 
the entire time they are with us. 

Personally, I would hope that this 
university will be the kind of in- 
stitution that every young person 
growing up in the Brethren Church 
will carefully consider when 
choosing the place for his or her 
college education. Ashland Uni- 
versity, like Ashland Theological 
Seminary, ought to become the 
institution of choice for a larger 
number of Brethren young peo- 
ple. We hope that the readers of 
The Brethren Evangelist will 
help make that a reality. 

An exciting time 

This is a very exciting time in 
the history of Ashland University. 
For many years, this institution 
has been a life-changing place for 
thousands of men and women. 
But now, more than ever before, 
Ashland has the potential to pro- 
vide students with quality educa- 
tional programs that are diverse 
and challenging, an environment 
that is very supportive and stim- 
ulating, and a value system which 
is based on and explicitly reflects 
Christian principles. 

We thank each of you for your 
continued expressions of support 
that have helped make this a 
reality, and we earnestly solicit 
your prayers on behalf of the mis- 
sion of this university and for its 
future success. [ft] 

October 1994 


Testimonies to Fruit-Bearing 
On the Ashland University Campus 

A FAMILIAR question asks, "How many 
apples can be grown from a single seed?" 
It doesn't take a mathematician to realize 
that the possibilities are infinite. How many 
lives can be touched through the life of one 
university student? How far-reaching is the 
investment of prayers, support, and gifts 
shared by Brethren members on behalf of stu- 
dents at Ashland University? The testimonies 

in this Campus Ministry Report will provide 
assurance that your gifts are indeed bearing 
fruit in student lives. In a very real sense, 
you are not only a partner in the lives of these 
students, but also in their future ministries. 
Thank you so very much for your ongoing in- 
terest in Campus Ministry. 

— Dr. Mike Gleason 

Director of Religious Life 

When I came to this uni- 
versity three years ago, 
I had no idea what God had 
in store for my life. In com- 
ing to Ashland, I had two 
goals set for myself. The 
first was to get an education, 
and the second was to serve 
God in any way He wanted 
to use me. Ashland has sup- 
plied the opportunities for 
both of these goals to be met. 
The education and various 
Christian organizations en- 
abled me to find where I 
was to be. The Christian or- 
ganizations on campus allow 
students to be involved as 
much as they want. Each 
year God continually brings 
new students to this campus 
who are excited about their 
walk with Christ and eager 
to share it with others. 

— Cheri Cahall 
Cheri is a senior at Ash- 
land University and attends 
the University Church. 

AS THE CALL to life demands productivity, success, 
and commitment, even so the adventure of a college 
student is one in which similar requisites must be at- 
tained. However, just as the invitation of Jesus Christ 
calls us to "drop your nets and follow me ..." (Matt. 
4:18-20), the Christian student likewise finds not only a 
call to obedience to academic discipleship, but an equal 
call to spiritual discipleship as well. 

In my final year as an Ashland University student, I 
see the Lord's plentiful harvest as well as the diligent 
and faithful workers reaping the fruit. Jesus Christ is 
being boldly revealed. From the new, incoming freshmen 
to the graduate program students, the people of Ashland 
University are beginning to drop their nets of self-seek- 
ing productivity, success, and commitment, and are pick- 
ing up the rugged, wood-splintered cross that calls them 
to live for the One who died upon it. God is blessing the 
ministry of Jesus Christ at Ashland University because 
of those who are following Jesus Christ as a disciple and 
not following a cause He began. 

God is being glorified through the classes, through 
the faculty, and through the character and integrity of 
the student. God is fulfilling His promise to accent His 
intimacy upon the individual, as He calls us to follow 
HIM — and nothing else. 

— Matthew Fischl 
Matthew is a senior at Ashland University, where he 
attends the University Church. 


The Brethren Evangelist 

COMING to AU in the fall of '91, I was 
unsure of just what to expect from college 
life. Within the first month, this uneasiness 
subsided since, by this time, I had made a lot 
of new friends, including a vast group of fel- 
low Christians I had encountered when I at- 
tended my first HOPE Fellowship meeting. I 
hold a very special place in my heart for 
HOPE because of the strength that, through 
Christ, it enabled me to have. 

My involvement in a share group for 
three years developed in me leadership skills 
and, of course, a greater knowledge of the 
Bible. Participating in mission trips to Wash- 

ington, D.C., Hazard, Kentucky, and His 
Mansion in New Hampshire greatly broad- 
ened my horizons and taught me greater re- 
spect for my fellow man. These trips also 
instilled in me a greater desire to share my 
faith and to help those in need. I am very 
thankful for all I've learned at AU intellectu- 
ally and spiritually, and I feel confident that 
I am prepared to follow the Lord's plan for 
my life upon graduation this May. 

— Joe Dilgard 
Joe, a senior at Ashland University, is a 
member of the Ashland Park Street Brethren 

» |r 

Ashland University students (I. to r.) Cheri Cahall, Mat- 
thew Fischl, Sarah Hollewell, Joe Dilgard, and Travis Parks. 

WHEN I visited Ashland 
for the first time, I 
truly felt the love of Christ 
from both faculty and stu- 
dents. I knew that God 
wanted me here at Ashland 
University. Upon arriving at 
Ashland my freshman year, 
I came in contact with the 
Religious Life Office staff, 
and I have been challenged 
and motivated to desire a 
deeper relationship with my 
Lord and Savior, Jesus 

— Travis Parks 
Travis, a sophomore at 
Ashland University, attends 
the University Church. 

literally filled with opportunities to serve 
our Lord. The Holy Spirit has been working 
overtime to prepare the hearts and minds of 
students, faculty, and staff to hear the Good 
News. In turn, these same individuals reach 
out to others who are searching for peace in 
their lives. A loving and encouraging commu- 
nity has been a special gift from our Father. 
As a senior, I have seen the Lord use the 
Christians in our community in ways that vary 
from the "standards." In the sorority system, 
a Bible study is being held in one of the 

sorority suites — a place where few people had 
expected to hear the word of God. Times of 
prayer at midnight in the dorms have been 
wonderful periods of growth, sharing, and 
proof that our Lord hears and answers our 

Please keep Ashland University in your 
prayers so that the spreading of the gospel 
can continue in ways and amounts we cannot 

— Sarah Hollewell 

Sarah, a senior at AU, is a member of the 
Lanark, III., First Brethren Church. 

October 1994 




Brethren Enjoy Fellowship, Food, and Games 
At the N. Indiana Mission Fellowship Picnic 

Elkhart, Ind. — Northern Indiana 
Brethren enjoyed a good time of fellow- 
ship, food, and games at the Elkhart 
First Brethren Church on August 20 
when they attended the Mission Fel- 
lowship Picnic. 

Special guests at the event were 
Brethren missionaries Allen Baer and 
Prasanth and Nirmala Kumar, as well 
as Rev. James R. Black, Executive Di- 
rector of the Missionary Board. 

This year the Mission Fellowship Pic- 
nic took the place of the Mission Fairs 
held by the northern Indiana Brethren 
churches the past six years. And instead 
of attempting to raise money at the 
event itself as in the past, money was 
raised ahead of time, with each church 
deciding for itself how it would do so. 

A wide variety of methods were used 

to raise funds for missions. Members of 
a children's Sunday school class brought 
a quarter a month for missions through- 
out the year. Another Sunday school 
class set aside the offering from one 
Sunday each month for missions. Three 
churches received special mission offer- 
ings. The Men of Mission in another 
church held a pancake supper. 

One enterprising church held a picnic 
and at the picnic had a "soak the pastor" 
event. People paid a dollar to throw a 
water-filled balloon at the pastor, with 
the money going for missions. In an- 
other church, some of the women put 
money into a jar every time during a 
six-week period they ate their favorite 
food. Other money-raising methods in- 
cluded a soup and sandwich supper and a 
white-elephant sale. (cont. next column) 

Warsaw Youth Ride Bicycles 
To Raise Money for Missions 

Warsaw, Ind. — Youth from the War- 
saw First Brethren Church held a Bike- 
a-Thon on August 17 to raise money for 
the work of Brethren missionaries Rev. 
K. Prasanth and Nirmala Kumar. 

The young people (and a few adults) 
rode ten miles and raised $600 for mis- 
sion work in India. The riders were 
Rebekah and Ben Garber; Lindsay Pat- 
terson; Michelle and Sandy DeSanto; 
James and Elizabeth Goble; Blake and 

Callie DiRico; Daryl, Stacy, and Karen 
Sand; Christopher Martz; Joshua and 
Nathan Nibert; Adam and Alex Van 
Duyne; Kyle, Daniel, and Andrew Con- 
rad; Brandon Stogsdill; and Larry 
Weirick. They were rewarded at the end 
of the ride with ice cream cones provided 
by Kathy Sand and Kathy Sparrow, who 
organized the Bike-a-Thon. 

The Kumars spoke at the Warsaw 
Church during the morning worship 
service on Sunday, August 28, and the 
youth had the privilege of presenting 
them the $600 check. 

— reported by Gloria Rigdon, secretary 

As a result of their combined efforts, 
the northern Indiana Brethren brought 
to the picnic $3,013.01 for Brethren mis- 
sions. In addition to raising money, other 
goals of the northern Indiana mission 
event are to educate people about Breth- 
ren missions and to provide an opportu- 
nity for good fellowship. 

By changing from a Missions Fair to 
a Missions Picnic this year, the north- 
ern Indiana Brethren churches were 
able to raise more money for missions 
than in in past years and also to get 
more people involved at the local level. 
Plans call for a Mission Fellowship Pic- 
nic to be held at the Elkhart First Breth- 
ren Church again next year. 

— reported by Sherry Houghton 

Eric Bargerhuff is Associate 
Pastor at University Church 

Bike-a-Thon participants from the Warsaw First Brethren Church take a much- 
needed ice cream break after riding ten miles to raise money for missions in India. 


Ashland, Ohio — Eric Bargerhuff has 
been serving since May 15 of this year 
as associate pastor of the University 
Church in Ashland. 

Bargerhuff is a second-year student 
in the Master of Divinity program at 
Ashland Theological Seminary, prepar- 
ing for pastoral ministry and teaching. 
During the summer months, he served 
the University congregation full time, 
but he became part time when seminary 
classes resumed in September. 

His responsibilities at the University 
Church include worship planning, 
preaching, music, visitation, disciple- 
ship, and teaching. Dr. Ken Cutrer is 
the senior pastor of the congregation. 

Eric is from Mexico, Indiana, where 
he attended the Mexico First Brethren 
Church. He is a graduate of Ashland 
University and served four summers as 
a Summer Crusader and one summer as 
a Crusader Intern. 

The Brethren Evangelist 


Goshen Church Reaches Out to Neighborhood 
Through Summer Program and Block Party 

Goshen, Ind. — The First Brethren 
Church of Goshen held a neighborhood 
block party on Wednesday, August 24, 
as a means to get to know its neighbors 
and in order to provide the community 
with some good, wholesome fun. 

The block party was the culmination 
of a summer-long program the church 
provided for the community on Wednes- 
day evenings known as CheapSkates. 
CheapSkates offered rollerblade street 
hockey, volleyball, and basketball for 
older children and youth, and sidewalk 
drawing for the younger set. 

The Wednesday evening program be- 
gan with 11 children and no extra rol- 

lerblades, but by the end of the summer 
it had grown to as many as 47 children 
and nine extra pairs of skates to share 
with those who had none. 

A variety of activities and events were 
available at the block party that con- 
cluded this summer program, including 
children's games, basketball, street 
hockey, a face-painting booth, and a 
dunk tank. (Senior Pastor Donald 
Rowser and Youth Pastor David Kline 
both got the "opportunity" to brave the 
cold water in this tank.) 

Buttons the clown brought some color 
and some smiling faces to the crowd, 
and the Goshen City D.A.R.E. program 

Left photo, Goshen Senior Pastor Don Rowser takes a dip in the dunk tank. Right 
photo, Brethren missionary Allen Baer helps grill hot dogs for the more than 200 

people who attended the block party. Photos by Richard Miller 

and Fire Department had special dis- 
plays. There was also plenty of free food, 
including freshly-popped popcorn from 
a popcorn machine. 

The event concluded with a chalk talk 
on the church lawn by Pastor Donald 
Rowser, at the conclusion of which he 
invited those present to visit the Goshen 
Church's Sunday school and worship 

One of the firemen tries to recruit Ben 
Leinbach for the department. 

services. More than 200 people attended 
the block party, including the mayor of 
Goshen, Mr. Mike Puro. 

Both the summer program and the 
block party were the outgrowth of a 
Passing On the Promise workshop. The 
Goshen Brethren saw this as a means of 
reaching out to their community. 
Roberta Wilfong was in charge of the 
block party and, according to reports, 
did "a terrific job!" 

— reported by Anna Bollinger 

Fairless Hills-Levittown Church 
Witnesses an Unusual Baptism 

Levittown, Pa. — Members of the Fair- 
less Hills-Levittown Brethren Church 
witnessed an unusual baptismal serv- 
ice in June. 

The story began when 1 6-year-old Jay 
Trimble was invited to attend youth meet- 
ings at the church. He liked the meet- 
ings and soon began attending Sunday 
school and worship services. Then in 
January of this year he shared with the 
congregation how his life had changed 
since coming to The Brethren Church; 
even his marks in school had improved. 

During the week following this testi- 
mony, he was hit by a speeding car in a 
sleet storm and thrown 80 feet. Then 
the ambulance that carried him to the 
hospital was hit by another car. For 

October 1994 

weeks he lingered near death. His par- 
ents immediately began attending 
church services. Four months later, on 
Jay's first trip away from the hospital, 
he included a visit to the morning wor- 
ship service (in a wheelchair). There- 
after, whenever he came home from the 
hospital on a weekend, he came to 

Then one Sunday morning, a 12-year- 
old boy came forward to receive Christ; 
then a father and his two teenagers 
came forward. We learned later that 
Jay had said, "I want to go forward to 
receive Jesus Christ as my Savior. But 
I cannot walk that far to the front." 

The following Sunday Jay was seated 
near the front of the sanctuary. When 
the invitation was given, he came for- 
ward to publicly confess Jesus Christ as 
his Savior. 

But the story doesn't end there, for 

the next Sunday his parents came for- 
ward. Prior to this, a teenage girl had 
come for salvation. And on another Sun- 
day a young father came forward who, 
with Pastor C. William Cole's help, had 
received Christ as his Savior three years 
ago at a Philadelphia Hospital. 

So when the day of baptism came, 
there were nine. The Trimble family 
was baptized last so that they could 
assist Jay. They lifted him into the bap- 
tistry and helped him down into the 
water. Since he could not kneel, he sat 
on the bottom step of the baptistry and 
bowed his head under the water when 
baptized. Needless to say, this baptism 
was a time of rejoicing for the Fairless 
Hills-Levittown Brethren Church. All 
nine who were baptized were confirmed 
and welcomed into the membership of 
the church. 

— reported by Pastor C. William Cole 



Cheyenne, Wyo., Brethren Church Celebrates 
50 Years of Service to the Cheyenne Community 

Cheyenne, Wyo. — Members and 
friends of the Cheyenne Brethren Church 
gathered on Sunday, August 28, to cele- 
brate the church's 50 years of ministry 
to the Cheyenne community. 

The special 50th anniversary morn- 
ing worship service included a review of 
the history of the congregation by Bob 
Tinney; memories of the beginning of 
the church by Florence (Garber) White, 
one of the founding members of the con- 
gregation; and a time of recognition for 
other founding members of the church. 

Special music for the service was pre- 
sented by Lori Kolkman. A message — 
'The Strain of Growth" — was given by 
Pastor G. Emery Hurd. Following the 
service, a covered-dish dinner was held 
in the church fellowship hall. 

Rev. and Mrs. Frank Garber founded 
the Cheyenne Brethren Church on Au- 
gust 25, 1944, beginning with a Sunday 
school program that expanded to reg- 
ular worship services in December of 

that year. The church's original build- 
ing was constructed in 1947. In 1993 the 

congregation dedicated a quarter-mil- 
lion-dollar renovation and expansion to 
that building, doubling its capacity. The 
church continues to grow, with plans to 
expand to a second, contemporary wor- 
ship service this fall. 

— reported by Alice M. Tharp 

Members and friends of the Cheyenne Brethren Church enjoy a fellowship meal 
following the 50th anniversary celebration service. 

Trinity Church Honors 
World War II Veterans 

Canton, Ohio — In conjunction with 
the commemoration of the 50th Anni- 
versary of D-Day on June 6 this past 

Barnes, Paul Carper, Robert Frederick, 
David Hoobler, Dale Kurlinski, Lewis 
Minton, and Clyde Teis. Each of the 
men was presented a miniature of the 
World War Two Victory Medal. 

In a brief tribute before decorating 
the veterans, David L. Watkins, a mem- 

Honored by the Trinity Brethren Church for their service in World War Two were (I. to r.) Dale 
Kurlinski, Clyde Teis, Paul Carper, David Hoobler, David Barnes, Robert Frederick, and (not 
pictured) Lewis Minton. 

summer, seven members of Trinity 
Brethren Church in Canton were hon- 
ored for their service in the Second 
World War. 

The seven men, who were honored 
during the morning worship service at 
Trinity Church on June 5, were David 


ber of Trinity Brethren Church and a 
Lieutenant Colonel in the Army (re- 
tired), said: ". . . Because of D-Day's 
symbolic representation of the entire 
war effort, this is an appropriate time to 
honor those among us who served in the 
Second World War; to honor them for 

their own service, but also as repre- 
sentatives of a generation called to un- 
common sacrifice. Not only did they rise 
to the enormous challenge of global war, 
they did it immediately after passing 
through the great depression .... For 
all of us, whether or not we remember 
D-Day or World War Two 
or Korea or even the Viet- 
nam war, it is important 
to recognize that the na- 
tion's various patriotic an- 
niversaries and holidays 
are not for the past alone, 

J but for the future as well. 
They are opportunities to 
ask, 'Could I, could we as 
a people, make these sac- 
rifices if they should have 
to be made again?' . . . 
Today we will present 
these men with tokens of 
gratitude which are cer- 
tainly not adequate, but 
nothing could be. But 
their generation's deeds 
and sacrifices will be re- 
vered as long as the na- 
tion they served endures." 
— reported by David Watkins 

Sorrows are often like clouds, which 
though black when they are passing 
over us, when they are past become as 
if they were the garments of God thrown 
off in purple and gold along the sky. 

— H. W. Beecher 

The Brethren Evangelist 


Members of College Corner Brethren Church 
Help With Search for Missing 3-Year-Old Boy 

Wabash, Ind. — Members of the Col- 
lege Corner Brethren Church joined in 
a massive search on August 23 to find a 
three-year-old boy lost in a cornfield 
near the church building. 

When the boy's parents discovered 
that their son, Tyler Conner, was miss- 
ing, they ran for help to the house of a 
neighbor. This neighbor, who is a mem- 
ber of the College Corner congregation, 
went through the church's prayer chain, 
calling and asking for volunteers to help 
look for Tyler. Many of those who were 
called left their suppers on the table in 
order to go and join in the search. Those 
who couldn't help with the search com- 
mitted themselves to pray that the boy 
would be found. The sheriffs depart- 
ment also contacted Joe Nice, who is 
likewise a member at College Corner, 

and asked him to take his hunting dog 
to look for the boy. 

In all, more than 80 people and sev- 
eral aircraft were involved in the 
search, which was conducted through 
three 80-acre fields that surround the 
one -acre lot where the Conner family 
lives. Tyler was found at about 6:30 p.m. 
(about 2 V2 hours after he was discov- 
ered missing) by Noble Township fire- 
man Larry Smith. He was found safe 
and unhurt. 

An article about the search for the 
missing boy appeared on the front page 
of the Wabash Plain Dealer the follow- 
ing day. The article mentioned that 
"many helpers, including some from the 
College Corner Brethren Church" par- 
ticipated in the search for Tyler. 

— reported by Bonnie Lawson 

Two From N. Georgetown 
Ride Bikes to Build Houses 

North Georgetown, Ohio — Rev. 
Fred Brandon, pastor of the North 
Georgetown First Brethren Church, 
and Ryan Newhart, a seventh-grader 
who attends the North Georgetown 
Church, joined 45 other bikers on Sat- 
urday, September 10, in a marathon to 
raise money for Habitat for Humanity. 

On a bright, sunny day, the bikers 
rode from Sebring to Columbiana, Ohio, 
a 20-mile trip over rolling hills. Fortu- 
nately, both Pastor Brandon and Ryan 
have 18-speed bicycles. 

Together the group raised $2,800 for 

Habitat for Humanity, with Pastor 
Brandon raising $565 of this amount. 
He was very grateful to the people of his 
church and the community who spon- 
sored him. 

Local Habitat for Humanity affiliates 
build simple, decent, affordable houses 
for low-income families, with volunteers 
doing most or all of the construction 
work. The money raised by the bikers 
will go toward the purchase of building 
materials for new-home construction in 
the Salem, Ohio, area. 

This was Pastor Brandon's second year 
of riding in the bicycle marathon, and 
Ryan's first. Both are already planning 
to participate in next year's event. 

— reported by Carolyn Brandon 

Ryan Newhart and Rev. Fred Brandon (foreground), with other bikers who 
participated in the marathon to raise money for Habitat for Humanity. 

October 1994 

Linwood Church Sets Apart 
Ronald Miller for Ministry 

Linwood, Md. — Ronald Miller, Sr., 
was set apart as a licensed minister in 
The Brethren Church during the morn- 
ing worship service on Sunday, July 24, 
at the Linwood Brethren Church. 

Miller serves as assistant to the pas- 
tor at the Linwood Church. He is also 
employed full-time with the General 
Heating Company. His goal is to begin 
attending Ashland Theological Seminary 
in the fall of 1995. 

Rev. Robert Keplinger, senior pastor 
of the Linwood Church, preached on 
"God's Job Profile" during the worship 
service. Rev. Richard Craver, pastor of 
the Maurertown, Va., Brethren Church 
and a member of the Board of Spiritual 
Overseers in the Southeastern District, 
assisted with the setting apart of Miller. 

Before becoming assistant to the pas- 
tor at Linwood, Miller served as assis- 
tant Sunday school superintendent, was 
president of the Men of Mission, and 
worked with the youth. Before coming 
to the Linwood Church, he was active in 
the St. Paul's United Methodist Church 
in New Windsor. 

He is married to the former Sandra 
Renner. They have two sons, Ronald, 
Jr., (14) and Bobby (7). Following the 
worship service in which Miller was set 
apart, a reception was held honoring 
him and his family. 

— reported by Pastor Robert Keplinger 

The reason a lot of people cannot find 
opportunity is that it goes around dis- 
guised as hard work. 

— Author unknown 
Selfishness is the perfect soil in which 
to plant and reap a good harvest of un- 

— Joan Zodhiates 





David Robinson, a member of the 
Oak Hill, W. Va., Brethren Church and 
a student at the Oak Hill High School, 
was recently accepted into the 249th 
Army Band of the West Virginia Army 
National Guard. On the basis of his 
exemplary audition on the tuba, Robin- 
son was accepted into the band and 
awarded the rank of Private First Class 
under the Army Civilian Acquired 
Skills Program. The 249th Army Band 
performs throughout the State of Vir- 
ginia at military ceremonies and civic 
events and has performed in the pres- 


The name of Linda Yoder was 
inadvertently omitted in the caption 
that appeared with the picture of the 
commissioning of the STAKE Home 
Mission Team, which appeared on 
page 14 of the September Evangelist. 
She was the seventh person from the 
left in that picture. Our apologies to 
Linda for this oversight. 

ence of the Secretary of Defense, the 
Secretary of the Navy, governors, sena- 
tors, congressmen, generals, and admi- 
rals. David is also a member of the Oak 
Hill Church youth band, which frequently 
plays during Sunday morning services. 
He is the grandson of Milton Robinson, 
a former pastor of the Oak Hill First 
Brethren Church. 

Rev. Jerry Fike became pastor of 
the Vinco Brethren Church of Mineral 
Point, Pa., on August 21. A graduate of 
Ashland University and Theological 
Seminary, he pastored in Indiana and 
West Virginia (most recently at the 
Mathias, W. Va., Brethren Church) be- 
fore assuming the pastorate at Vinco. 

Rickey Bolden, pastor of Southeast 
Christian Fellowship, the Brethren con- 
gregation in Washington, D.C., was fea- 
tured in the "Remember" section of the 
football program for the Cleveland 

Browns' football game against the Pitts- 
burgh Steelers on Sunday, September 
11. Bolden played for the Browns from 
1984 to 1989 and, according to the arti- 
cle, "was considered to be the best ath- 
lete on the offensive line." The article 
went on to say that Bolden decided to 
retire from football during the 1990 
training camp and to enter Ashland 
Theological Seminary. It also noted that 
he is now pastor of the Brethren church 
in Washington, D.C. 

The Brethren Hour, a radio program 
featuring the teaching and preaching of 
retired Brethren pastor Dr. J.D. Hamel, 
is now being broadcast over three addi- 
tional radio stations in Pennsylvania 
and one in Delaware. WCRO in Johns- 
town, WRDD in Ebensburg, and WNCC 
in Barnesboro recently began airing the 
program on Monday nights at 6:30 p.m. 
The program (continued on page 22) 

Wabash, Ind. — Eleven new 
Christians were baptized July 10 
at the College Corner Brethren 
Church, following their recent 
conversion to Jesus Christ. They 
were (front row, I. to r.) Lee Sweet, 
Phillip Rebholz, Troy Herendeen, 
Angel Herendeen, Rebecca Kel- 
lams, Amber Weimer, (back row, 
I. to r.) Pastor Glenn Grumbling 
(who conducted the baptism), 
Karen Rebholz, Matthew Barton, 
Bev Barton, Jim Barton, and 
Jamie Barton. 
— report and photo by Bonnie Lawson 

In Memory 

Mary Showalter, 91, October 2. Member since 
1915 of the Dayton Hillcrest Brethren Church. 
Services by Pastor Kenneth P. Clarkston. 
Paul Witmer, 97, October 2. Longtime member 
of the Ashland Park Street Brethren Church. 
Services by Pastor Arden E. Gilmer. 
Esther McAvoy Ankrum, 96, September 29. 
Member for many years of the Bethlehem Breth- 
ren Church of Harrisonburg, Va. Services by 
Rev. Keith W. Simmons and Rev. Edward West. 
Mrs. Ankrum was the widow of Brethren Elder 
Freeman Ankrum, who died in 1972. The Ank- 
rums are survived by two daughters, Mary Alice 
Bowman and Genevieve A. Shidler, and one son, 
Paul Ankrum. 

June Byler Palaci, 78, September 14 Before her 
marriage, June Byler served with Robert and Jane 
Byler from 1949 to 1954 as a missionary for The 
Brethren Church in Argentina. In December 
1954, she married David W. Palaci, son of an 
Argentine pastor, and the Palacis continued to 
serve the Lord in Argentina for many years. In 
recent years, the Palacis, their son David, Jr., his 
wife, and their three children have lived in 
Miami, Fla., where they have been active in a 
Spanish-speaking congregation. Memorial serv- 
ices for Mrs. Palaci were held at this church. 
Robert Haugh, 80, September 9. Member for 57 


years of the Milledgeville Brethren Church, 
where he served as Sunday school teacher and 
superintendent and worked with youth. Services 
by Pastor Kenneth Sullivan. 
Claudina Cunningham, 80, August 26. Mem- 
ber and deaconess of the Milledgeville Brethren 
Church, where she served as librarian and was 
active in the W.M.S. 

Helen Covington, 84, July 10. Lifelong member 
of the Oakville First Brethren Church, where she 
helped start Signal Lights, junior choir, was ac- 
tive in W.M.S., and held many offices. Services 
by Pastor Dan Lawson. 

G. Gordon Downey, 101, April 13. Longtime 
member and deacon of the College Corner Breth- 
ren Church. Services by Pastor Glenn Grumbling. 


Stephanie Hammond to Jason Miller, Septem- 
ber 24, in Kokomo, Ind.; Rev. Jim Thomas offi- 
ciating. Members of the Loree Brethren Church. 
Patricia Smith to Paul Covington, September 
10, at the Oakville First Brethren Church; Pastor 
Dan Lawson officiating. Groom a member of the 
Oakville First Brethren Church. 
Amanda Beason to Nathan Williams, Septem- 
ber 3, at the bride's home in Pennsylvania. 
Groom a member of the Roanoke, Ind., First 
Brethren Church. 

Heidi Michelle Fruitt to Kurtis Allen Stout, 

August 27, at Manchester College; Rev. Marlin 
McCann officiating. Bride a member of the 
North Manchester First Brethren Church; groom 
a member of the Burlington First Brethren 

Audrey Lea Miller to Gary Lee Queckboerner, 
July 9, at the Meadow Crest Brethren Church; 
Rev. Tom Schiefer officiating, assisted by Pastor 
Richard Austin. Members of the Meadow Crest 
Brethren Church. 


Myron and Ruthe Lamb, 65th, October 17. 
Members of the Waterloo Hammond Avenue 
Brethren Church. 

Membership Growth 

Vinco: 6 by baptism 

Corinth: 3 by baptism 

Oak Hill: 6 by baptism 

St. James: 3 by baptism 

Falls City: 4 by baptism 

Milledgeville: 8 by baptism 

Pleasant View: 2 by baptism 

Flora: 5 by baptism, 1 by transfer 

Fremont: 5 by baptism, 4 by transfer 

Meadow Crest: 8 by baptism, 2 by transfer 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Little Crusader 

Jesus said, "Let the children come to me, and do not hinder 
them; for to such belongs the kingdom of heaven" (Matt. 19:14). 

Dear Girls and Boys, 

At our house we have a large growth chart on the back of our bedroom door on 
which we mark the progress of each of our boys as each grows taller. We measure their 
height on their birthdays and on special holidays. It's fun for them to see how much 
they've grown in a year's time! 

This is an easy way to measure your physical growth. But what about your Christian 
growth? How can you tell if you have grown in Christ? 

One way to tell if you have been growing is by remembering what you have learned 
about God. Do you remember the Bible verses that you memorized a week ago? Do you 
share with others? Do you obey your parents? Do you remember the Bible stories your 
Sunday school teacher or your parents taught you? 

God tells us in His word in 2 Peter 3:18 that He wants us to grow in grace and in 
knowing more about Jesus. Just as we grow physically, we need to grow spiritually. Don't 
forget to do the things that help your spirit grow — read the Bible, memorize verses from 
the Bible, pray, and tell others how Jesus Christ saves us. Then you will really grow, 

grow, grow in Christ! 

Use your Bible to find 2 Peter 3:1 8 and 
then fill in the missing words. (I used 
the New International Version.) 

October 1994 


Having the Bible in Times of Crisis: 

What Difference Does It Make? 

An interview with Fred A. Allen 

Over the past few years, a steady 
stream of natural disasters has hit the 
United States from coast to coast. Dead- 
ly forest fires, floods, hurricanes, torna- 
does, and earthquakes have taken their 
toll on entire towns and communities. 
The American Bible Society has been on 
hand to provide Scripture materials in 
the midst of these devastating crises. 

In the following interview, Rev. Fred 
A. Allen, Director of the ABS National 
Program Development Office, explains 
why the Bible Society believes the Bible 
is important and relevant in times of 

Question: Does the American Bible 
Society see itself as equal to churches and 
relief organizations that provide food and 
clothing during disasters? Why does ABS 
distribute Scriptures during a crisis? 

Answer: The American Bible Society 
is a partner — a companion — with churches, 
para-church and community organizations 
that are concerned about and committed to 
addressing the needs of people in difficult 
situations such as crises that have resulted 
from natural disasters. 

While we are not a mission-relief 
agency, we do provide Scripture re- 

From the Grape Vine 

(continued from page 20) 
is also heard over WNRK in Newark, 
Delaware. In addition, a Spanish ver- 
sion of the "Brethren Hour" that fea- 
tures Rev. Daniel Rosales, pastor of 
Iglesia Hispana de los Hermanos in 
Sarasota, Fla., is also being broadcast in 
every country in South America. 

The name of Rev. Bill Skeldon, pas- 
tor of the Oak Hill, W. Va., First Breth- 
ren Church, keeps turning up in the 
newspaper. In March he was honored by 
The Fayette Tribune as 'Plateau Person 
of the Week" (see the May 1 994 Evangel- 
ist, p. 18). In September, Golden Years 
. . . Golden Times, a publication of The 
Fayette Tribune and The Montgomery 
Herald, did a lengthy article about Rev. 
Skeldon and his running. The article 
said that "Skeldon, who will celebrate 
his 65th birthday in December, can be 
seen every morning pounding the pave- 
ment along Rt. 19 between Oak Hill and 
Fayetteville."The article went on to say 
that Skeldon has competed in about 125 
races, including eight marathons (26.2 
miles) and a 50-mile ultra-marathon. 


sources that are designed to help vic- 
tims of a crisis find solace and confi- 
dence, strength and courage when con- 
fronted by conditions beyond human 
control; when massive storms, hurri- 
canes, and floods drive them to raise 
questions about the righteousness, the 
justice, and the goodness of God. 

The Holy Scriptures have a unique 
and peculiar way of speaking to the 
depth of a person's soul, where human 
voices cannot reach, that inner chamber 
of spiritual need. And the Bible — the 
word of God — can nurture in a way that 
anxiety can be lessened, faith can be 
restored, hope can be reclaimed, and 
confidence can be renewed. 

Q: What if the individual feels he or she 
has no relationship with God and therefore 
no reason to turn to the Scriptures for sol- 
ace? How does the Bible Society get a Bible 
or a Scripture booklet to such a person? 

A: Fractured relationships with God 
can often be restored through the mes- 
sage of the gospel, which proclaims that 
nothing can separate a person from the 
redemptive power of God. The Scrip- 
tures are filed with examples of how the 
word of God has healed broken spirits. 
And our office files are filled with letters 
from individuals who have turned to the 
Scriptures as a last resort and found the 
inner peace they so desperately sought. 

The American Bible Society sees as 
its unique mission the task of providing 
Scripture resources to partner churches 
and other groups as they strive to meet 
the tangible, physical needs of individu- 
als during a crisis. While we have ABS 
volunteers in communities throughout 
the country, we still rely heavily upon the 
churches and their channels of distribu- 
tion to get the Scriptures to the people 
who need them when they need them. We 
work in partnership with the Salvation 
Army, the Southern Baptist Convention, 
World Relief, in addition to organizations 
such as the Red Cross. 

Q: What kind of results have you seen 
from these partnerships and the unique 
role that ABS plays? 

A: A pastor in California told us about 
his church's efforts to distribute the 
Scriptures to survivors of the earth- 
quake that hit the Los Angeles area 
earlier this year. 'There are a lot of 
people out there who are depressed and 
confused," he said. So his church distrib- 

uted several ABS Scripture booklets and 
brochures to people standing in line for 
federal aid and to others living in tem- 
porary tents in parks in Los Angeles. 

After the massive flooding in the Mid- 
west in 1993, the director of a commu- 
nity support center in Illinois told us 
that "people who come in for food also 
come back to pray. They are recognizing 
that they cannot handle it alone. The 
Bibles have helped tremendously." 

And there are other examples. A 
church relief worker in south Florida 
wrote this to us after Hurricane Andrew 
struck there in 1992: "We want to thank 
you for the Bibles and literature which 
ABS sent to us to give to the hurricane 
victims. If you could have seen their 
faces as we gave them out, you would 
not have believed it. Much good fruit 
came from the hurricane. Many people 
decided to commit their lives to Jesus. 
The Lord is continuing His wondrous 
work here in South Dade, amidst the 
destruction of battered spirits. 

"We are so grateful to the American 
Bible Society for their cooperation with 
our church in helping us fulfill Matthew 
28:19," she continued. 'The relief effort 
continues, not only in material but also 
in the spiritual. People are more open 
than ever to hear the gospel and are 
anxious to read the Bibles we leave them." 

Q: Are natural disasters — acts of na- 
ture — the only time the Bible Society makes 
these crisis-related Scriptures available? 
What about times of personal crisis? 

A: I think personal crises are more 
important than natural disasters be- 
cause natural disasters are so unpre- 
dictable. Personal crises occur every 
day, and yet most people are unpre- 
pared to handle them. For instance, look 
at the rioting that occurred in Los An- 
geles in 1992. People were injured and 
many more lost their jobs or their life 
savings when businesses were burned. 

Our Scripture booklet, "Love Your 
Neighbor," was distributed following 
the tumult. That little booklet spoke to 
a variety of fears and anxieties in the 
Los Angeles situation where people had 
just lost a sense of composure. 

We have Scripture resources that ad- 
dress all kinds of circumstances. These 
Scriptures speak very directly to people 
who are facing unemployment, hunger, 
homelessness, family stress, AIDS. 

We also have the new Scripture book- 
let, "God Is Our Shelter and Strength." 
This booklet offers words of comfort and 
hope from the Bible during times of 
crisis and disaster. The Scripture pas- 
sages tell the reader that God under- 
stands his or her fears and anger. They 
reinforce the fact that God's love is sure 
and that He can make all things new, no 
matter if you're facing destruction of 
your property or of your inner spirit, [ft] 

The Brethren Evangelist 

Reaching the World 

for Christ 
By the Year 2000 

By Rick Wood 

JUST FIVE YEARS remain until the 
year 2000. Excitement within the 
Christian community worldwide is 
growing as millions of Christians and 
thousands of Christian ministries from 
Zambia to Korea are coming together, 
cooperating, networking, and sharing re- 
sources with each other as never before. 

Something unique in history is hap- 
pening as Christians of many races, lan- 
guages, and backgrounds are laying 
aside their theological, denominational, 
and other differences in order to work 
together toward a common goal. That 
goal is to present the saving message of 
Christ to every person on earth by the 
year 2000. 

This vision has captured the imagina- 
tion of Christian leaders and lay people 
all over the world as they have come to- 
gether under the banner of the AD 2000 
and Beyond Movement. This movement 
has as its motto "A church for every 
people and the gospel for every person 
by the year 2000." 


On May 17, 1995, a total of 4,500 
Christian leaders from 200 countries 
will gather in Seoul, South Korea, for 
the opening of the Global Consultation 
on World Evangelization 1995, also 
known as GCOWE 95. These leaders 
will set goals and make specific plans to 
bring the gospel to every person on 
earth in the next five years. Dr. Ralph 
D. Winter, founder of the U.S. Center 
for World Mission, said recently, "The 
AD 2000 Movement's face-to-face 
global meeting in Korea may be the 
most strategic Christian gathering in 
history." Each of the 200 countries that 
will be represented at GCOWE 95 has 
been building a network of local Chris- 
tian leaders that is working to reach all 
the people of that country. 

Mr. Wood is managing editor for 
Mission Frontiers, the bulletin of the 
U.S. Center for World Mission. 

October 1994 

The AD 2000 Movement, headquar- 
tered in Colorado Springs, has gathered 
together an all-star cast of U.S. and inter- 
national leaders. The honorary co-chairs 
of the International AD 2000 Movement 
include evangelists Dr. Billy Graham 
and Luis Palau, Dr. Bill Bright of Cam- 
pus Crusade for Christ, Mr. Philip Teng 
of China, Eva Sanderson of Zambia, and 
Mr. Kyung-Chik Han of Korea. Rev. 
Luis Bush, born in Argentina, is the in- 
ternational director of AD 2000 and 
heads up the Colorado Springs office. 
The top 250 world leaders of AD 2000 
will be meeting in Colorado Springs on 
November 28 to make preparations for 
the big meeting in Korea and to assess 
where Christianity is in reaching the 
goal of a church for every people and 
the gospel for every person. 

The AD 2000 Movement has its roots 
in the Lausanne Movement, which Dr. 
Billy Graham initiated in 1974. Dr. 
Thomas Wang, who was the interna- 
tional director of the Lausanne Move- 
ment, is the church leader who started 
the AD 2000 Movement back in 1989. 
He is now its international chairman. 
AD 2000 has now grown into a global 
effort that has touched millions. 

On June 25, 1994, one million people 
in Korea and 12 million people world- 
wide participated in the AD 2000-spon- 
sored global March for Jesus, which was 
designed to be a time to worship and 
proclaim Jesus publicly in the streets of 
the world's cities. The largest single 
meeting was in Seoul, South Korea, 
where 700,000 Christians gathered to 
worship Jesus Christ. 

Korea's leading role 

Korea is an example of one country 
that is taking a leading role in the 
AD 2000 Movement. Amid increasing 
tensions with North Korea and the pos- 
sibility of war breaking out at any time, 
the Korean Church, famous for its huge 
churches, is now determined to be a 
major player in taking the gospel to the 

whole world. Korean church leaders are 
making big plans for May 1995 when, 
in addition to GCOWE 95, they will be 
holding a major youth conference to 
dedicate 100,000 of their young people 
to take the gospel to all of the unreached 
ethnic groups of the World. The U.S. 
Center for World Mission in Pasadena, 
California, estimates that there are still 
1 1 ,000 ethnic groups which the gospel 
has not yet penetrated. 

The Korean leader who is spearhead- 
ing the AD 2000 efforts in Korea is Mr. 
Joon Gon Kim, who organized the first 
meeting in history of over one million 
Christians during the Billy Graham Cru- 
sade in Seoul in 1973. All the major 
denominations and churches in Korea 
have expressed their support for the 
AD 2000 Movement, calling it "the 
Movement of the Twenty-First Century." 

A bold plan 

North Korea and its new leader, Kim 
Yong II, may have dangerous intentions 
for the South, but the Christians of 
South Korea are making big plans to 
bring Christ to their friends in the North. 
One of the major projects involves chal- 
lenging 100,000 students to each adopt 
and pray for one of the 4,700 districts of 
North Korea. The hope was that 10,000 
of these students would decide to take a 
one- or two-year break from college 
studies to live in the districts for which 
they have prayed. Their goal would be 
to establish a church in the district and 
to serve the community there. To date, 
more than 35,000 students have commit- 
ted themselves to this. If the Christians of 
South Korea and the AD 2000 move- 
ment have their way, both North Korea 
and the world will be a very different 
place in the year 2000. [ft] 

For more information about the 
AD 2000 Movement, you may contact: 
AD 2000 and Beyond Movement 
2860 South Circle Dr., Suite 2112 
Colorado Springs, CO 80906 
Phone 719-576-2000 


The future belongs to those who prepare 
for it. Let Ashland University provide 
the foundation for a success- 
Jul career. 

Ashland University is proud of its record of 
educating hundreds of Brethren students 
who have found that the road to success trav- 
els through Ashland University. Many Breth- 
ren graduates of Ashland University serve in 
various capacities in The Brethren Church — 
both as ministerial and as lay workers. 

Students attending Ashland have the oppor- 
tunity for involvement in the campus relig- 
ious life activities and the activities of The 
Brethren Church. 

Check out Ashland University and its many 
scholarships, including the Brethren Grant, 
Crusader Grant, and the Presidential Schol- 
arship. In 1993-94, 89 percent of all full-time, 
undergraduate students received Ashland 
University-funded grants and scholarships. The average 
award, including federal, state, and institutional dollars, 
is $9,200. 

Learn more about your University. Call 1-800-882-1548 
toll free or 419-289-5052. 








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The Woman Responsible for 
Thanksgiving as a National Holiday 

By Richard C. Winfield, editor 

knows that our annual obser- 
vance of Thanksgiving Day looks 
back to the harvest festival held in 
Plymouth colony in 1621. But many 
people may not realize that Thanks- 
giving Day has not always been a na- 
tional holiday in the United States. 

Our nation's first President, George 
Washington, proclaimed in 1789 that 
a day of thanksgiving should be ob- 
served that year by the 13 states that 
then constituted the nation. But it 
wasn't until 1863 and the presidency 
of Abraham Lincoln that Thanksgiv- 
ing Day became an annual obser- 
vance. And this came about only be- 
cause of the tireless efforts of a 
person little-known to us today, a 
woman named Sarah J. Hale. 

Who was Sarah J. Hale? 

Sarah Josepha Buell was born in 
1788 in Newport, New Hampshire. 
In 1813 she married David Hale, a 
lawyer. He encouraged her to write 
for local newspapers. How she man- 
aged to do this while having five chil- 
dren over the next nine years is any- 
body's guess. At any rate, when her 
husband died in 1822, Mrs. Hale 
had experienced enough success as a 
writer to enter into a full-scale liter- 
ary career. In 1827 her first novel 
was published and was well-received. 

The following year, Rev. John L. 
Blake began a monthly woman's 
magazine in Boston and offered 
Mrs. Hale the editorship. She ac- 
cepted, moved to Boston, and edited 
Ladies' Magazine there until 1837. 
The magazine featured fiction, po- 
etry, essays, and criticism, and at- 
tempted to define and celebrate the 
wholesome and tasteful in American 
life. Mrs. Hale wrote most of the ma- 
terial for each issue. 

In 1837 Louis A. Godey bought 
out the magazine and changed the 
name to Godey's Lady's Book. He 
retained Mrs. Hale as editor, and she 
moved to Philadelphia, where for 

the next 40 years she headed a 
magazine that prided itself on being 
"a beacon light of refined taste, pure 
morals, and practical wisdom." 

A Thanksgiving campaign 

Mrs. Hale began her campaign for 
an annual, national Thanksgiving 
holiday in Godey's Lady's Book in 
1846 — a campaign that was to last 17 
years and more. But her first public 
statements on this subject came long 
before that date. As early as 1827 
she wrote, "Thanksgiving like the 
Fourth of July should be considered 
a national festival and observed by 
all our people . . . ." 

Mrs. Hale saw a Thanksgiving holi- 
day not only as a day for giving 
thanks for God's goodness and His 
blessings, but also as a unifying bond 
for our nation. In this regard, we 
need to remember that she waged 
much of her campaign for a national 
Thanksgiving holiday during the 
years leading up to the division of 
the Union and the Civil War. 

Mrs. Hale's efforts to establish a 
Thanksgiving holiday were not lim- 
ited to her editorials in Lady's Book. 
She wrote letters to all the Presidents 
from 1850 to 1863 urging them to 
proclaim a national observance of 
Thanksgiving. She wrote to other in- 
fluential people in government as 
well. And since there was no na- 
tional observance of Thanksgiving 
Day, she also wrote to governors of 
states urging them to proclaim a 
state Thanksgiving holiday. Over the 
years she wrote literally thousands of 
letters — all by hand. 

By 1852 she was able to announce 
in Lady's Book that all but two of the 
then 31 states had united in a com- 
mon observance of a Thanksgiving 
Day. But she continued her campaign 
for a nationally-declared holiday. In 
1861, the first year of the Civil War, 
she begged for a Thanksgiving Day 
of Peace, pleading that "we lay aside 
our enmities and strifes ... on this 

one day." Her pleading failed. 

But two years later, in 1863, in the 
midst of the Civil War, her goal was 
achieved. On October 3, 1863, Presi- 
dent Abraham Lincoln issued what 
was the first National Thanksgiving 
Proclamation since the days of 
George Washington. All Mrs. Hale's 
efforts, her editorials, and her letters 
had finally borne fruit. 

For the next several years, she con- 
tinued to urge President Lincoln and 
his successor to proclaim the last 
Thursday in November as a national 
Thanksgiving Day, for at that time 
each year's observance of the holi- 
day was by annual proclamation of 
the President. Thanksgiving contin- 
ued to be observed every year from 
1863 on, but it wasn't until 1941 that 
a joint resolution of Congress legally 
established the fourth Thursday in 
November as a national Thanksgiv- 
ing holiday. 

Some observations 

Mrs. Hale's example reminds us 
what one person can accomplish by 
persistent and dedicated effort. But 
her example also reminds us that 
great achievements often don't come 
easily or quickly. It was 36 years from 
her first public statement appealing 
for a national Thanksgiving obser- 
vance until Abraham Lincoln pro- 
claimed the holiday in 1863. And 
during those years she wrote dozens 
of editorials and thousands of letters 
campaigning for this holiday. 

We do well to remember this when 
we seek to bring about changes in 
government (for example, in laws 
concerning abortion, pornography, 
prayer in schools, a balanced-budget, 
etc.). In this day when we expect 
instant results, we need to take a 
longer view. And one or two letters 
to our congressmen may not be 
enough to get the job done. 

One additional thought: Mrs. Hale 
labored long and hard to make sure 
that our nation would set apart one 
day each year on which we, as a na- 
tion, would express our gratitude to 
God for His goodness and His abun- 
dant blessings upon us. Therefore, 
let's make sure that we use the day 
for that purpose. Let's put some 
thanks into our Thanksgiving. And 
while we're at it, we might even want 
to express a word of gratitude as 
well for the dedication and persist- 
ence of Sarah J. Hale. [ft] 

The Brethren Evangelist 

November 1994 
Volume 116, Number 10 

The Brethren Evangelist 

(ISSN 0747-4288) 


Richard C. Winfield 

Children's Page 

Sandi Rowsey 

Editorial and 
Business Office 

524 College Avenue 

Ashland, OH 44805-3792 

Phone: 419-289-1708 

Published: Monthly (except 
July and August issues are 
combined) by The Brethren 
Church, Inc., 524 College Ave., 
Ashland, OH 44805-3792. Au- 
thors' views are not necessarily 
those of The Brethren Church. 

Subscription Rates: One 

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clude a self-addressed, stamped 
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Second Class Postage: Paid 
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Member: Evangelical Press 


The Woman Responsible for Thanksgiving as a National 2 

Holiday by Richard C. Winfield 
But for the persistent and dedicated efforts of Sarah J. Hale, we 
might not have an annual American day of gratitude. 

Let's Get Excited! by Mark Logan 4 

The decade in which we live is a great time to be alive, a period of tre- 
mendous opportunity. 

Reading the Bible Devotionally by Jerry R. Flora 6 

A way of reading God's word that focuses not on getting through the 
Bible, but on getting the Bible through us. 

Responding to the "Graying of America" by Win and Charles Am 10 
The growing population of people over 50 in our society provides an 
enormous opportunity for the church. 

Ministry Pages 

Drawing Attention to Brethren Home Missions 

by Russell C. Gordon 

A Vision to "Win the Race at Indy!" by Tom Conrad 
God is at Work in Medina by Tom Sprowls, Jr. 
What's at STAKE in Florida? by Kerry Scott 

Brethren Home Missions 





Children's Page 

3 by Sandi Rowsey 

15 From the Grape Vine 


Woman's Outlook Newsletter: The November-December Outlook Newsletter 
is in the center of this issue. 

Answers to the Little Crusader page: 

God's word says, "Be joyful always; pray continually; give thanks in all cir- 

The message in code is, "Help your neighbor who is in need." 


Pontius' Puddle 




November 1994 

Get Excited! 

By Marh Logan 

ARE YOU EXCITED? You should 
be. We are living in what some 
call the most exciting decade in the 
history of civilization — the nine- 
teen nineties, the deadline decade. 
The world is counting down to the 
year 2000, the beginning of a new 

All over the world and in all areas 
of society there is an air of expec- 
tancy. All kinds of predictions are 
being made, from the end of the 
world to the beginning of utopia. 
But only God knows for sure what 
the new millennium will bring. 

We are God's people, and we are 
in the world today to be about the 
work of His church — to pray and 
plan with Him the extension of His 
kingdom into the year 2000 and be- 
yond. It is a great time to be alive, 

*Rev. Logan, a former Brethren mis- 
sionary in South America, now pastors 
the 340 Brethren Church near Elkton, 
Vet. This year he served as moderator of 
the Southeastern District, and this ar- 
ticle was his moderator's address at the 
district conference held September 24 
at the Mt. Olive Brethren Church. 

a time of tremendous 
opportunity. And I am excited! 

Our world is in a time of transi- 
tion, and God's church must not be 
left behind. This is 1994, and The 
Brethren Church must move for- 
ward. Civilization is probably go- 
ing through the time of its most 
rapid change since creation. Our 
last time of great change was the 
industrial revolution. 

Today, countries like Malaysia 
and Singapore are skipping right 
over the phase of industrial devel- 
opment. These places are jumping 
straight from agricultural to high 
tech societies. Forget the automo- 
bile; they are plunging headlong 
from the horse-drawn plow to the 
personal computer. Our world is ex- 
periencing change as never before. 

We live in a global community 

One of the greatest factors in 
this change is the shrinking of the 
world map, the forming of a global 
community. Today people in New 
York and Tokyo are more alike 
than different. They both eat bur- 
ritos from Taco Bell and they both 

wear suits made in Italy. In Mos- 
cow and in Buenos Aires, executives 
drive Toyotas to jobs where they 
do their work on IBM computers. 

In today's world, we can no longer 
isolate ourselves from what goes 
on around us. We see people starv- 
ing in Rwanda. We hear the shell- 
ing of Sarajevo. My own daughter 
is feeling the oppression of a mil- 
itary dictatorship in Haiti (see p. 
18). What Castro does in Cuba af- 
fects the welfare system in the 
state of Florida. The weather in 
Brazil has raised the price of the 
coffee we drank this morning. We 
live in a global community. 

What happens on the other side 
of the globe makes a difference in 
the way we live our everyday lives. 
But perhaps even more important 
to us as Christians is that what we 
do here affects the lives of other 
people all around the world. One 
aspect of this global society is the 
emergence of a worldwide lan- 
guage. English is fast becoming 
the universal language. 

Already young people in Asia 

The Brethren Evangelist 

and Africa are repeating the words 
of Madonna and Michael Jackson, 
whether they understand them or 
not. English is the accepted lan- 
guage of the new global commu- 
nity. In the global society of tomor- 
row, English-speaking cultures will 
have predominance, an unequal in- 
fluence on the rest of the world. 
Like it or not, we are leaders in 
this new worldwide community. 

What does this mean to us? 

What does all this mean to us? 
First of all, it should alarm us as 
Christians when we realize that the 
society that surrounds us is fast 
becoming the model for the rest of 
the world. The old evening televi- 
sion "soap opera" Dallas is now 
seen in 98 countries around the 
globe. Sixty percent of the movies 
shown in Germany were filmed in 
America. When the iron curtain 
went down in Eastern Europe, the 
first thing in was Western-style 
crime and pornography. While in 
Paris last spring, I watched the eve- 
ning news with Dan Rather. The 
same program was being broadcast 
in Tokyo. American beliefs and 
values are being exported. 

Our first duty as Christians should 
be to commit ourselves to improv- 
ing the quality of this product. We 
in the church must take the initia- 
tive to clean up our own act right 
here at home. We must start with 
the way we live and then be salt 
and light to those around us. 

Another thing we must do is deal 
with the fact of change itself. We 
know change is inevitable. Change 
is like childbirth. Once you are preg- 
nant — and our world is — when the 
time for birth comes, something has 
to give. It will happen, and it will 

People around the world are be- 
ing hurt by change. The medical 
profession has names for all kinds 
of new stress-related syndromes. 
Rapid change produces causalities. 
There is a limit to how fast we can 
change. People must have a stabi- 
lizing influence in their lives, some 
anchor in time of change. 

This basic human need leads to 
another worldwide phenomenon. As 
the world rushes toward a global 
society, with the homogenization of 
outer tastes and trends, people are 
seeking an inner expression of 

November 1994 

their individuality. Even as people 
embrace change, they search for a 
point of reference, a fixed point 
that does not change. This can be 
seen today in the rise of ethnic and 
regional pride. It is also seen in the 
worldwide religious revival. People 

Rev. Mark Logan 
7 dress like this and I wear this beard 
because I believe in Brethren tradition. " 

across the street and across the sea 
are searching for a religious experi- 
ence as never before. 

What a challenge! What an op- 
portunity for the people of God! 
Our God is the fixed point of the 
universe, the point of reference for 
all time. Our God begs people to 
enter into a personal relationship 
with Him. Are you excited? We are 
sitting on top of the product the 
whole world is clamoring for, the 
anchor in time of change. We are 
the people of the unchanging God. 
We are His representatives in this 
world of change. What an awesome 
time to be alive! 

How do we meet the challenge? 

But how do we meet this chal- 
lenge? How do we as Brethren in- 
troduce the people of the next mil- 
lennium to eternal stability? To a 
relationship with Jesus Christ? 
What do we Brethren have to 
offer? How can a church that is 
250 years old communicate Christ 
to the modern, changing world 
around us? 

Well, believe it or not, I am not 
going to say that we must abandon 
our past and throw off our tradi- 
tion. In fact, that is the very thing 

we must not do. I dress like this 
and I wear this beard because I be- 
lieve in Brethren tradition. I do it 
to promote Brethren tradition. 

I like tradition. Tradition is a 
stabilizing influence. It gives per- 
manence and credibility. In today's 
maze of independent churches, 
cults, and sects, tradition says, "We 
are not a fly-by-night outfit. We 
know where we come from, and we 
are here to stay." Our Brethren 
tradition is the strongest thing we 
have going for us in reaching peo- 
ple lost in a whirlwind of change. 

We must understand our tradition 

But of course, we ourselves must 
thoroughly understand our tradi- 
tion. We must distinguish the out- 
ward expression from the inner 
principle. The plain coat and beard 
I have been wearing were the out- 
ward expressions of the inner de- 
sire of early Brethren to obey the 
Bible in spite of social pressure. 
This form of dress was a way of 
expressing Brethren obedience to 
God even when that meant going 
against the status quo. 

This theology is valid today. It is 
much-needed in our time. But we 
need to express it in a different 
way. We must express it by our 
firm values and by the way we live. 
The plain-coat-and-beard look is 
out. It is considered old-fashioned. 
If I am to be taken seriously in to- 
day's society, I will need to change 
my clothes. This way of dress can 
be an obstacle to outreach. I am 
willing to change.* I want to re- 
move all barriers to reaching the 
lost for Jesus Christ. But I will not 
change my tradition of obeying my 
Lord, even when those around me 
are willing to compromise. 

How about worship? Do we Breth- 
ren have a worship tradition? Is 
there a form of worship we can call 
traditional Brethren? Yes, there is. 
It is worship that centers on the 
Lordship of Jesus Christ; worship 
that honors God and brings glory 
to His name. It is worship that is 
pleasing to God and relevant to His 

The outward form and style of 
(continued on page 7) 

*At this point in his message, Moderator 
Logan did in fact change some of his 
clothes. He had even come prepared to cut 
his beard, but did not do so. 

the Bible 

JOHN WESLEY, founder of the 
Methodist movement, claimed 
that he was a man of one Book. He 

/ sit down alone, 

Only God is here; 
In his presence I open, 

I read his books; 
And what I thus learn, 

I teach. 

And teach he did! Perhaps no one 
else in history has matched Wesley's 
energetic life of evangelism, book 
production, travel, letter writing, 
social service, and church renewal. 
It came, he said, from reading the 
"books" that constitute the "Book." 
In this article I want to describe 
for you a way of reading the Bible 
devotionally. Most of us do part of 
it — some of us may do all of it. But 
we likely do so without being con- 
scious of the method. The approach 
is almost as old as the church itself. 
It goes back so far that its Latin 
name is often used: lectio divina, or 
sacred reading. There are four 
steps: lectio (I read), meditatio (I 
think), oratio (I pray), and contem- 
platio (I rest). 


But before we ever try to read 
Scripture devotionally, we must get 
alone and be quiet. In our fast, 
noisy, modern world, these may be 
the hardest steps of all. Yet, if we 
are serious about meeting our Lord 
in Scripture, we will find the place 

Dr. Flora is professor of New Testa- 
ment Theology at Ashland Theological 
Seminary. He serves as a member of 
The Brethren Church's Committee on 
Doctrine, Research, and Publication, 
which is preparing this series of articles. 

Reading the Bible 

By Jerry R. Flora 

and make the time for solitudo and 


Now we are ready to begin. We 
read (lectio) the written word of 
God which discloses the living 
Word, Jesus Christ. This is no ordi- 
nary kind of reading. It is a slowed- 
down reading in which one may ac- 
tually speak the words aloud. In 
the biblical world all reading was 
oral reading. (In Acts 8:30, for ex- 
ample, Philip "heard" the Ethiopian 
reading from Isaiah.) All the books 
of the Bible lend themselves to 
reading aloud because they were 
written for that purpose. 

Reading Scripture this way, even 
in a whisper, slows the pace and 
engages more of my whole self: 
eyes, hearing, and speech, as well 
as mind. The goal is not to cover 
any assigned amount of material. 
Instead, we read until a thought, 
phrase, or word catches our atten- 
tion. Stop right there! Begin to re- 
peat it over and over, letting the 
mind work with it, play with it, ex- 
pand upon it, or "festoon" it (to fol- 
low C. S. Lewis). 


This is meditating. Biblical med- 
itation has nothing to do with sit- 
ting in the lotus position mind- 

Correspondence Welcomed 

The members of the General Con- 
ference Executive Council's Commit- 
tee on Doctrine, Research, and Pub- 
lication invite readers to suggest topics 
or Bible passages to discuss in future 
articles in this column. Send ques- 
tions, comments, or suggestions to 
the committee in care of The Breth- 
ren Evangelist, 524 College Ave., 
Ashland, OH 44805. 

lessly intoning a secret mantra. 
Biblical meditation is thinking 
about a word from God. It focuses 
the mind upon just one thing: what 
has God said? What does that mean? 
The Hebrew Scriptures use a word 
for meditate that can also be trans- 
lated "murmur." The context deter- 
mines whether this repeated speak- 
ing is to be understood negatively, 
as murmuring (complaining), or 
positively, as meditating. It is ap- 
propriate to dwell on biblical truths 
by repeating them over and over 
(Josh. 1:8; Ps. 1:2; 19:14; 63:6b; 143:5). 
This sinks them deep into the bed- 
rock of our self, below the surface, 
conscious mind. 


As "reading" uses the senses and 
"meditation" engages the mind, so 
"prayer" expresses the feelings. 
This praying is not intercession for 
others, but a heartfelt expression of 
what I have found in my reading 
and thinking. This is personal de- 
votional time, and the praying is 
for me. The Scripture passage may 
have brought conviction of sin. If 
so, there needs to be immediate 
confession. There may be petition 
for personal needs; there may be 
thanksgiving, praise, or adoration. 
The point is that reading and med- 
itation lead naturally to prayer. 


Once we have spoken our feelings 
to God in heartfelt prayer, it is time 
to rest. This is what the ancient 
word contemplatio suggests. Deep, 
expressive prayer can wring us out. 
We then need to fall silent, listen, 
and just be. God may have some 
gentle assurance to speak to us. 
There may be a renewed awareness 
that "I am with you." We may sense 

The Brethren Evangelist 

"Reading the Bible devotionally means taking it in bite-sized pieces, 
chewing them thoroughly, savoring each mouthful, and going in the 
strength of that — sometimes for forty days and nights. " 

a nudge or direction to specific ac- 
tion. The important thing is, after 
verbal prayer, to savor our near- 
ness to God. We are then like a 
weaned child, no longer nursing 
but still needing to feel mother very 
close (Ps. 131:2). 


Such devotional reading of the 
Bible will usually center, focus, bal- 
ance, and energize us so that we 
are ready once more for active serv- 
ice. Words like compassio or actio 
may express this. The point is 
plain: glory on the mountain al- 
ways leads to gumption in the val- 
ley, whether we are Moses (Ex. 32), 
Jesus (Mk. 9), or Peter (Acts 10). 
Reading the Bible devotionally 
comforts us; that is, it makes us 
strong ("fort") for whatever we are 
called to do, to bear, or to be. 

Such slowed-down reading will 
not get us through the Bible in a 

year — that is not the point. The 
goal, rather, is to get the Bible 
through us drop by drop until our 
life becomes a rich, tasty brew. The 
best Scriptures to read in this way 
are the Gospels and the Psalms. 

There is a place, of course, for 
reading the Bible in chunks to catch 
its great themes: ancestral stories, 
for example (Gen. 12-50); or libera- 
tion from slavery (Ex. 1-24); the 
grandeur of prophets who were 
theologians (Isaiah), preachers (Jere- 
miah), and visionaries (Ezekiel); 
the passion of a pioneer missionary 
(Paul); or the genius of an anony- 
mous intellectual (Hebrews). But, 
for the most part, reading the Bible 
devotionally means taking it in 
bite-sized pieces, chewing them 
thoroughly, savoring each mouth- 
ful, and going in the strength of 
that — sometimes for forty days and 
nights (1 Kings 19:1-8). 

Want to know more? Two excel- 

lent little books can help: Too Deep 
for Words by Thelma Hall (Paulist 
Press, 1988) and Pathways of Spir- 
itual Living by Susan A. Muto (St. 
Bede's Publications, 1984). A more 
advanced resource is by Asbury 
Seminary's provost, M. Robert Mul- 
holland, Jr. It is Shaped by the 
Word: The Power of Scripture in 
Spiritual Formation (The Upper 
Room, 1985). 

We began with some lines from 
John Wesley. They explain in a 
nutshell the secret of his powerful, 
influential life. He believed that 
reading the Bible devotionally is 
the heartbeat of Christian faith 
and practice. The following lines 
are also from John Wesley: O be- 
gin! Fix some part of every day for 
private exercises. . . . Whether you 
like it or no, read and pray daily. It 
is for your life; there is no other 
way: else you will be a trifler all 
your days. [ft] 

Let's Get Excited! 

(continued from page 5) 
Brethren worship has changed with 
time. We Progressive Brethren 
know that it does not change with 
ease. Our particular branch of 
Brethren exists today in large part 
because we insisted on a new style 
of worship, a style which used the 
contemporary music and instru- 
ments of the day. It had its cost, 
but today we do have a tradition, a 
tradition of worship that is relevant 
to the lives of our people. 

I think we need to work on that 
more today. Some of our churches 
are struggling with just this task. 
People around us are searching for 
an inner relationship with the su- 
pernatural. They are not satisfied 
with the superficial worship that 
goes on in many churches. We need 
to develop a deeper devotion in our 
worship and in our lives if we are 
going to meet the needs of the peo- 
ple of the 21st century. We need to 
be exploiting our tradition. 

We Brethren also have a mission- 

November 1994 

ary tradition. It is Brethren to have 
a passion for the lost. We have 
planted churches and sent our mis- 
sionaries and evangelists in many 
manners and forms. Even our dis- 
tricts were formed in order to pro- 
mote church extension. We have 
used different methods, but Breth- 
ren have always attempted to bring 
new people into the kingdom of 
God. We need to continue our search 
today for meaningful ways to ex- 
press our traditional passion for 
the lost. 

A tradition of spirituality 

Then Brethren have a tradition 
of spirituality, of deep personal re- 
lationship with God. This is per- 
haps the greatest need in all the 
world today. And yet we as Breth- 
ren have almost forgotten our Pie- 
tistic roots. We need to revive our 
tradition of spirituality. We need to 
revitalize our devotional lives. We 
must cultivate our time with our 
Lord. If we are to meet the chal- 
lenge of being salt and light to our 
neighbors, if we are to hold out an 

unchanging Christ to the 21st cen- 
tury, we simply cannot neglect the 
spiritual aspect of our own lives. 

We Brethren have an honorable 
heritage, a true tradition. The real 
challenge today is to continue in 
our tradition. To do this we need to 
know our tradition, to understand 
the principles behind the practices; 
the reason behind our rhyme. We 
cannot let external expressions 
from the past replace the real tradi- 
tions of the Brethren faith. 

As Brethren we have much to 
offer. Let us share — 

• our traditional values of obedi- 
ence to God; 

• our pursuit of relevance in wor- 

• our commitment to the Great 

• our continued seeking of a 
deeper personal relationship 
with Jesus Christ. 

Let us pray for more and better 
ways to share our true Brethren 
traditions, to share them with the 
global society as it rushes blindly 
into the next millennium. [ft] 

Responding to the 
"Graying of America" 

By Win and Charles Arn 

are following a course that 
will miss one of the greatest social 
changes — and greatest opportuni- 
ties — in American history: the com- 
ing age wave. Like beach residents 
unaware of the approaching tidal 
wave, most congregations still seem 
to assume that "the future of the 
church is its youth." Today, tomor- 
row, and well into the 21st century, 
the more accurate description is: 
"The future belongs to the old." 

Of course, most churches have a 
token senior adult class and per- 
haps a monthly potluck or field 

Dr. Win Arn is founder and president 
of L.I.F.E. International, 1857 High- 
land Oaks Dr., Arcadia, CA 91006. Dr. 
Charles Arn is editor of the LIFELINE, 
a newsletter for leaders of older adult 

trip for their older adults. But 
such approaches are woefully 
inadequate, if not entirely ir- 
relevant, to the task of reaching 
and ministering to the rapidly 
growing community of persons 
over 50. 

Why are most churches so 
"senior insensitive"? It is generally 
for one or more of the following 

1. Ageism. This disease discrim- 
inates against, diminishes, and de- 
means age. Unfortunately, it is alive 
and well not only in our society, 
but also in our churches. 

2. Ignorance. A minuscule num- 
ber of today's church leaders have 
been trained in the unique needs, 
opportunities, and outreach strate- 
gies required for persons over age 

3. Irrelevance. Most existing 

"senior adult" church groups are 
operating on assumptions about 
senior adults that grew out of a 
different time and place. Today's 
senior adults are far different from 
their parents or grandparents. 

Isn't it ironic that in the midst of 
decreasing resources, most churches 
don't realize the "hidden treasure" 
inherent in the senior adults of the 
church? For example, the chart be- 
low identifies five common church 
problems and the resources that 
senior adults have to offer to help 
solve these problems. 

Resources Senior Adults Offer Churches 

Common Church Problems 

The "Hidden Treasure" 

1. A survey we recently conducted among pastors 
indicated that their most common frustration is a lack 
of dedicated lay people to do the work of the church. 

1 . A separate study found that senior adults average 
two to three times as many available hours for church- 
related activities as any other age group. 

2. Financial short-falls are the most common reason 
for not adding buildings, program, and/or staff. 

2. In a given year, one senior adult church member 
will give seven times the amount of money that a 
"baby boomer" member will give in the same church. 

3. Members transferring jobs and/or moving to an- 
other community account for a three to five percent 
membership loss in a congregation each year. 

3. Senior adults change address an average of once 
every twelve years, compared to the national average 
of once every seven years. 

4. Low institutional loyalty is a common characteristic 
of baby boomers. Most churches find it difficult to 
solicit membership or even long-term commitment 
from this age group. 

4. High institutional loyalty is a common characteris- 
tic of senior adults. When they join, they stay and 
they are committed. 

5. Biblical "illiteracy" is common among laity in many 
churches. As a result, pastoral teaching often re- 
mains at the "elementary" level. 

5. Most senior adult members have been Christians 
for years. Having experienced life's mountains as well 
as its valleys, they have a wealth of maturity and 
wisdom they can share with others. 

The Brethren Evangelist 

"The graying of America provides an enormous opportunity for the 
church perhaps unique in this century. But without a major retool- 
ing of strategy and tactics, the church will be left behind.** 

There indeed are effective ways 
for churches to respond to the chal- 
lenge of an aging population. The 
graying of America provides an 
enormous opportunity for the church 
perhaps unique in this century. But 
without a major retooling of strat- 
egy and tactics, the church will be 
left behind. To restate: the ap- 
proach most churches presently 
have for ministry to the aging 
adult population is woefully inade- 
quate, if not entirely irrelevant. 

So, what can be done? 

1. Realize that all seniors are 
not seniors. A new generational 
grouping has emerged in our society 
during the past generation. Their 
members are called "middle adults" 

and include those people between 
50-70 years of age. They are, as 
U.S. News & World Report says, "a 
new generation, different not only 
in size, but in vitality and outlook." 
Older adults are living healthier, 
more active, productive, longer lives. 
In reality, a person of 50 or 60 can 
expect to live fifteen, twenty, thirty 
more years. It is, indeed, their mid- 
dle years. In their own minds, cer- 
tainly, they are not "senior adults." 
2. Realize that age does make 
a difference. People 30 years old 
are different from people 60 years 
old; not only in the hair on their 
head, but in the mind inside. Older 
adults think differently from 
younger adults. (See chart below.) 

David Wolfe, a knowledgeable researcher and marketer, draws 
some fascinating contrasts between older and younger adults:* 

Younger Adults 

Heavily influenced by peers 
Highly materialistic values 
More objective 
More extrospective 
Low sensitivity to context 
Perceptions in black and white 
More rigid 
More subordinated to others 

• More predictable behavior 

• More price sensitive 

• Simple ways of determining 

• Detail oriented 

*David Wolfe, "Targeting the Mature 
1994, pp. 32-36. 

Older Adults 

• Declining influence by peers 

• Declining materialistic values 

• More subjective 

• More introspective 

• High sensitivity to context 

• Perceptions in shades of gray 

• More flexible 

• More individualistic 

• More discretionary behavior 

• Less price sensitive 

• Complex ways of determining 

• Whole-picture oriented 

Mind," American Demographics, March 

Christian Implications 

What does this changing demo- 
graphic landscape mean for the 

Most importantly it means that 
the old ways of doing senior adult 
ministry must be reevaluated. It 
is my belief that even the term 
"senior adult" will become politi- 
cally incorrect. As more and more 
baby boomers inch toward that age 
category (the first boomers will 
turn 50 next year), the stigma at- 
tached to the word "senior" will 
make it a liability to effective min- 

Even now we are finding that 
when churches offer a "senior 
adult" program, at most only 15 per- 
cent of those church members who 
qualify to be there actually are. As 
we have researched this phenome- 
non, we have found that most do 
not want to be lumped into the 
category of senior citizen, either in 
the minds of others or in their own 

The new and still emerging 
strategies that will be necessary 
for effective ministry to "middle 
adults" have many implications for 
programming, evangelism, and 
scheduling of church activities. 
The church that is "age sensitive" 
will be providing a variety of 
groups to appeal to the diversity of 
interests, needs, and activities for 
each age group. 

Getting Started Right 

We are often asked the question, 
"If you were to develop an age-sen- 
sitive adult ministry, how would 
you begin?" Here are five compo- 

1. Find, select, and train lead- 
ers. The success of your adult min- 
istry will be directly related to the 
quality of your leaders. Someone 
needs to own the goal of ministry/ 
outreach to young, middle, and sen- 
ior adults. The leaders who will be 
most successful in each group have 
a genuine love for people in that 
group. It's not a job, it's a ministry. 

In research we conducted with 

November 1994 

"The 'age wave* is swelling! The 60+ year old age group is growing 
three times more rapidly than the population at large; and for the 
first time in American history, there are now more citizens over 
age 65 than under age 18." 

500 churches that had a full- or 
part-time senior adult staff mem- 
ber, we found that the leaders who 
had received specific training in 
this area were far more effective — 
and their adult ministries were 
more likely to be growing — than 
were leaders who had received no 
training. (Eighty percent of all 
older adult staff members had re- 
ceived no training whatsoever in 
their field.) We also found that re- 
tired pastors are generally ineffec- 
tive as middle- and senior-adult 
leaders unless they have been re- 
trained in the unique issues and 
challenges of senior-adult ministry 
in the 1990s. 

2. Get the facts. Here is a proven 
principle: "Abundant, accurate in- 
formation, properly interpreted 
and applied, enables churches to 
be good stewards of the grace of 
God and effective communicators 
of the Gospel of Christ." 

What are the actual statistics in 
your church? How many members 
are over age 50? 55? 60? 65? What 
are the age-groupings in your com- 
munity? How many are home- 
bound? What percentage are 
males, females? What are the var- 
ious needs and interests repre- 
sented in your prospective con- 
stituency? Effective programs and 
activities will be based on the find- 
ings of your research. 

3. Begin with an adult minis- 
try, not a senior adult group. 

This distinction is important. If 
you have a "senior adult group" you 
limit the potential involvement to 
those individuals who see them- 
selves as "senior adults." Many 
other senior adults in your congre- 
gation and in your community will 
not identify with "those old peo- 
ple." In contrast, if your paradigm 
is an adult ministry, all kinds of 
groups can develop, many of which 
would not even be identified as 
"senior adult." A church of 300 
members could have ten to fifteen 
various adult groups responding to 


the variety of needs and touching 
the lives of many more people. 

4. Develop a Purpose State- 
ment. A clearly-written purpose 
statement will be the guiding light 
for a successful older adult minis- 
try. This purpose statement should 
be "owned" by the members and be 
a yardstick to regularly measure 
progress. If a clear purpose state- 
ment is not established and used 
early in the ministry, the activities 
will become increasingly self-serv- 
ing and self-centered. 

Here is one purpose statement 
developed by an age-sensitive adult 
ministry. Use or adapt it if it de- 
scribes the purpose you desire for 
your adult ministry. If not, create 
your own. 

The adult ministry of (name of 
church) has as its purpose to 
communicate and share God's 
love to those in the church family 
and to those outside the church. 
The assumption behind the adult 
ministry and the groups and activi- 
ties sponsored by this ministry is 
that they exist for the purpose of 
serving, not being served; of giv- 
ing, not receiving. 

5. Build your adult ministry 
on adult motivators. Marketing 
researchers have spent consider- 
able time and money seeking to 
identify the reasons today's older 
adults buy or don't buy certain 
products. Their discoveries are of 
value to church leaders who are 
seeking to reach this same genera- 
tion in order to encourage them to 
"buy" a new lifestyle in the Chris- 
tian faith and community. Accord- 
ing to these studies, older adults 
are motivated by one of five values 
that form the foundation of most of 
their meaningful activity.* Those 
values are: 

*For a more comprehensive discussion 
of these values, see the above-mentioned 
article by David Wolfe in American Demo- 

• Autonomy — they desire to be or 
remain self-sufficient. 

• Social and spiritual connected- 
ness — they respond to people 
more than programs. 

• Altruism — they desire to give 
something back to the world. 

• Personal growth — they desire 
to continue developing as human 

• Revitalization — they respond to 
activities that bring fresh and 
new experiences. 

Effective older adult ministries of 
the 1990s and of the 21st century 
will be those which integrate these 
values and motivators into a creative 
variety of activities and experiences. 

The "age wave" is swelling! The 
60+ year old age group is growing 
three times more rapidly than the 
population at large; and for the 
first time in American history, 
there are now more citizens over 
age 65 than under age 18. 

The "age wave" is rapidly ap- 
proaching! Those churches that 
are not prepared will be swamped 
by the sheer numbers, diversity, 
and impact of these older adults. 
But those churches that are pre- 
pared will get out their surfboards 
and catch the ride of a lifetime! [ft] 

Pastors and church leaders who 
desire to learn more about how to 
minister effectively to older adults will 
have the opportunity to do so at the 
North American Congress on the 
Church and the Age Wave, to be 
held May 1-5, 1995, at the Glen Eyrie 
Conference Center in Colorado 
Springs, Colorado. 

Nationally-recognized leaders, futur- 
ists, and demographers will serve as 
presenters. Experienced practitioners 
will lead a variety of workshops pro- 
viding models, ideas, and practical 
steps of strategy. Participants will gain 
a better grasp of the issues and an- 
swers for effective church ministry as 
Americans grow older in the 1990s 
and beyond. 

For more information, contact LI.F.E. 
International, 1857 Highland Oaks Dr., 
Arcadia, CA 91006 (818-355-2470). 

The Brethren Evangelist 

0/14 Qmt 

^Wanted to 



^Uoux c^rttzntion to 

Brethren Home Missions 

IT IS GOD'S WILL that the 
church be fruitful and multiply. 
To that end, the early church is 
our model. It is a remarkable re- 
cord of growth. Wherever Chris- 
tians were, they spread the word 
of the gospel from house to house 
and in the synagogues. 

It all began with the 12 disci- 
ples, then with the 120 and the 
Church at Jerusalem. The growth 
of this church was phenomenal, 
but it had an inward focus. Then 
the Lord allowed a great persecu- 
tion to come. Acts 8:1-4 unfolds 
the story of the scattering of the 
believers and the birth of scores 
of new churches. The focus had 
become outward. 

The early church realized that 
life continues by giving life to an- 
other. The same is true today. As 
a part of the church, The Breth- 
ren Church must continue to pass 
on life to others. One of the best 
ways to do this is by planting new 

There are at least four reasons 
for us to plant new churches: (1) 
New churches reach more of the 
nation than any other evangelism 
method. (2) New churches repre- 
sent continual evangelism until 
the Lord Jesus comes again. (3) 
New churches tend to produce 
more pastors, missionaries, and 
Christian workers. (4) New 
churches help make it possible to 
expand overseas missions. 

It is interesting to note that in 
1900 there was one church for 
every 400 people in the U.S.A.. In 
1950 there was one church for 
every 500 people in the country. 
By 1980 the number had declined 
to one church for every 8 00 peo 
pie. And today that has decreased 
to one for every 1,000 people. 
Other statistics tell us that about 

Home Mission Congregations 

Northwest Brethren Chapel, Tucson, 
Ariz.; Rev. David West pastor. 

Centro Cristiano Familia, Pasadena, 
Calif.; Rev. Mario Fuentes pastor. 

Bloomingdale Brethren Church, Val- 
rico, Fla.; Rev. David Stone pastor. 

STAKE, Orlando, Fla.; Rev. Kerry 

Scott pastor. 
Iglesia Hispana de los Hermanos, 

Sarasota, Fla.; Rev. Daniel Rosales 

Carmel, Ind., Brethren Church; Rev. 

James Miller pastor. 
Greenwood, Ind., Brethren Fellow- 
ship; Rev. Tom Conrad pastor. 
Mountain View Brethren Church, 

Frederick, Md.; Charles Beekley 


Walcrest Brethren Church, Mans- 
field, Ohio; Todd Bonnett pastor. 

Northview Brethren Life Church, 
Springboro, Ohio; Rev. Archie 
Nevins pastor. 

The Brethren Church of Medina, 
Ohio; Tom Sprowls pastor. 

The 340 Brethren Church, Elkton, 
Va., Rev. Mark Logan pastor. 

Southeast Christian Fellowship, 
Washington, D.C.; Rickey Bolden 







By Russell C. Gordon 

70 percent 
of all Amer- 
icans are 

numbers of 
people live 
in every 
in America. 
We must ^ ev - R usse H Gordon, 
enter some Director of U.S. Ministries 
of these an ^ Church Growth for 
communi- The Brethren Church. 
ties and share the Good News of 
salvation through Jesus Christ! 
We must commit ourselves to the 
planting of new churches. We 
must do our part in the growing, 
nourishing, and reproducing of 
the church. 

At this Thanksgiving season of 
the year, I am thankful that I can 
say, 'The Brethren Church is tak- 
ing seriously the matter of reach- 
ing the unchurched through the 
planting of new Brethren churches." 

The mission field surrounds us. 
Brethren across the United 
States are beginning in new and 
fresh ways to reach out to that 
mission field. On the following 
pages you will read about some of 
the attempts that Brethren are now 
making to reach the unchurched 
with the Good News through 
church planting. [ft] 

November 1994 


Brethren Home Missions 

A Vision to "Win the Race at Indy!" 

Fellowship is part of the vi- 
sion of the Indiana District Mis- 
sion Ministry to "Win the Race at 
Indy!" The race started with the 
formation of a Brethren church in 
Carmel. The race advanced with 
the formation of the church in 
Greenwood, and it will continue 
with churches being planted all 
over the greater Indianapolis area. 

Basis of the vision 

The basis of the vision is the 
philosophy of planting and expand- 
ing cell churches. Cell churches 
attempt to reach people with the 
gospel in the homes and commu- 
nities where they live and work. 
In the beginning there is no cen- 
tralized facility where ministry 
takes place. Ministry occurs 
through the lives of Christians in 
homes, work places, social events, 
schools, and in any other place 
and situation where people are 

Since the Carmel church is al- 
ready ministering in the northern 
part of the Indianapolis area, em- 
phasis is now on the Greenwood 
area. The vision is for a church- 
planting movement — not just the 
planting of a local church. 

Core couples 

There are four "core" couples 
that are at work in the Green- 
wood area. Each of these couples 
is committed to reaching the area 
in which that couple lives. 

Tom and Tiona Conrad 

Pastor Tom and Tiona Conrad 
live in the Yorktowne Farms 
Community. This is an apart- 
ment complex of more than 300 
families. The Conrads have been 
working with the management of 
the complex to be involved in 

By Tom Conrad 

various community pro- 
grams. There are three micro- 
ethnic communities within 
the Yorktowne community. 
The Conrads envision three 
cell ministries targeting 
these non-believers. 

Jeff and Cindy Gilmer 

Jeff and Cindy Gilmer have