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Full text of "A brief account of the parish and church of Wiston, in the province of Canterbury, diocese of Ely, archdeaconry of Sudbury, in the county of Suffolk"

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A BRIEF ACCOUNT 



PARISH AND CHURCH 



WISTON, 







IN THE 






PROVINCE OF CANTERBURY, 






DIOCESE OF ELY, 






ARCHDEACONRY OF SUDBURY 

IN THE 

COUNTY OF SUFFOLK. 


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BY 

THE REV. C. E. BIRCH, 




Rector. 



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ISSINGTON, WISSON, 




IIISSEBN, 




JISETON, WISTON, WHISTON, 



AST on the list of Parishes included in the Archdeaconry of Sudbury, and 

least of all those Parishes as to Population. 

Herfast, the last of twelve Prelates of East Anglia, holding their Seat at 
Elmham, transferred the Seat to Thetford, a. d. ic66. Robert Fitz Godbold and 
Beatrice his wife presented to the Clugniac monks of Thetford, the advowson of 
Wissington ; they made it over to their Cell of "Little Horchesley," which was 
founded in the reign of Henry the first, i ieo to 1 135. Gilbert, Bishop of London, 
confirmed the Founders' endowment with a donation of tithes from Robert Fitz 
Robert. The appropriation was made to the use of the Cell of "Little Horchesley," 
by John, Bishop of Norwich ; enjoined by Henry the first ; and confirmed by Hubert 
Walter, Archbishop of Canterbury, 1 193 to 1 206. The services of the Church were 



WISTON. 



always conducted by Ecclesiastics belonging to the Priory of "Little Horchesley." 
In 1854, when I was putting the finishing stroke to the work of restoration, so far 
as I had at that time, the means of carrying it on, a labourer employed in lowering 
the Church path from the entrance gate to the porch, turned up a piece of silver money, 
a florin of Charles the bold, fourth and last Duke of Burgundy and Flanders. The 
superscription around the shield is — 

KAROLUS DEI GRATIA DUX BUR: ET FLAN: 
and on the reverse — 

SIT NOMEN DOMINI BENEDICTUM: 




I have no doubt that some one of the Fraternity of "Little Horchesley" Priory, 
dropped that silver piece ; I was glad to find it, for it was a seal to the truth of all 
that I had read or conjectured as to the connexion of Little Horchesley Priory, with 
the monastery founded at Clugni, near Macon, in Burgundy, 910; and of the com- 
munication, which I had reason to believe, existed, in bye-gone days, between this 
district and the Priory, just over the river Stour. 

During the first years of my Incumbency, the parish of Wissington was in the 
diocese of Norwich ; it is now in the diocese of Ely. In the Record called "The 
General Ecclesiastical Survey," 26 Henry the eighth, 15C9 to 1546, a return is made 



of a "Vicarage of Wiston, in the Archdeaconry of Sudbury," and of "Robert Carver, 
Vicar of the Church." Thus we find that Wiston was at that time, as now, in the 
Archdeaconry of Sudbury, and that the name of the Vicar was Robert Carver, 1535 ; 
his successors were : — 

1572. Nicholas Le Greys. 

1 60 1. John Le Greys. 

1630. Henry Tanner. 

1648. John Garrad. 

16S4. Anthony Peaches. 

1723. William Fatham. 

1760. Matthew Burnett. 

1767. William Barry. 

1797. Thomas Bartlam. 

1832. Charles Edward Birch. 

The earliest book of Registration bears the date of "the first year of the keep- 
ing of Parish Registers," 1538. Among the Baptisms appears the name of "Christ- 
opher, son of Thomas, Lord Baron of Howth, and Dame Elenor, his wife," Among 
the Burials the name "Edmond Atthill de Waldingfield." Attached to the entries 
of eight Burials is the note, "Buried in the Chancel" ; in some cases "Buried in the 
Church." In the Registry of Burials the manner of death, if accidental, is stated in 
eight cases ; in four of these the note appended is "drowned." There is also this in- 
teresting note "Marriages were prohibited by Ministers, and put into the hands of 
Justices of the Peace, by a Parliament that did nothing else. But they sat not long 
after, and Marriages returned to the power of Ministers." 

When I was appointed to the charge of Wissington, I found the Church, 
(an Anglo-Norman structure), internally and externally, in a very mixed state. There 
was plain internal evidence that the south wall had been loop-holed, as the north wall 
is to this day ; and there were indications toward the east end of the Church, that the 



termination had been Apsiclal. Eastward of the second Chancel arch, a considerable 
fissure in the South, and also in the North wall, told of an addition ; the style of the East 
Window, "debased English," told the period. In that Window were remains of 
stained, and of painted glass ; specimens of both are deposited in the large chest in 
the vestry. The style of the letters on that glass, corresponds with that of initial 
letters, to which Shaw gives the date, "The beginning of the sixteenth century." In 
the south wall apertures, (unworthy substitutes for the picturesque loop-holes, originally 
admitting light,) had tracery which indicated no particular period. In one of these 
apertures, in a sort of quatrefoil, were fragments of pa'nted glass, bearing the "Sunn" 
of "the collar of Sunnes and Roses," the collar of King Edward the fourth. In the 
other aperture, four quarries with a vine leaf painted on each ; the bordering, and the 
bases of the device, indicating a circular figure. 

The South and North Doors, formed of oak, were thickly coated with white- 
wash ; time had gnawed away the joints in many places ; Churchwardens, in their 
courses, had made up all deficiencies with horsehair mortar, and whenever the inside 
of the Church was whitewashed, the doors also were whitewashed. The ironwork, 
(which had bound together as well as ornamented gracefully, the slabs of oak, of which 
the doors were composed) time had not spared ; where the ironwork had not been 
eaten away entirely, it was as thin as hooping. The new South and North Doors are 
strict copies of the original doors, the lower slab of the South Door excepted. The 
woodwork, and the ironwork, were both done by a wheelwright, and blacksmiths, on 
Leavenheath : William Hawkins, George Pig, and George Stribling. It seems to me 
worthy of remark, that three men in succession, working usually at cart wheels, and 
the shoeing of horses, have been blessed with good heads, hands, and hearts, for 
Ecclesiastic work ; and that one of these blacksmiths had made a tour of the Cathe- 
drals of England, and Ireland, to look at the ironwork. By the hands of one or other 
of these three men, all the ironwork in this Church has been done. 

The setting up of the South and North Doors, in 1848, was the first step taken 




SOUTH DOOR, WISTON CHURCH. 



5 WISTON. 

toward the restoration of the Church ; and it was all that, at one time, I thought I should 
have it in my power to accomplish. 

But three or four years after the setting up of these doors, Mr. Thomas Church- 
man Harrold, of Horkesley Park, a retired medical man, who had married a Miss 
Whitmore, of this parish, and buried his wife here, himself died, and was buried in the 
same vault. Mr. Harrold, with a Brother and Sister, the Rev. John and Miss Whit- 
more, built and endowed one of the first of the Bethnal Green Churches, one of the fifteen 
projected by Mr. William Cotton, of Leytonstone, in Essex. Mr. Harrold had placed 
at the disposal of Bishop Bloomfield, above ,£40,000, for the furtherance of various 
works, projected by that good Bishop of London. 

Desiring to perpetuate the memory of these beneficent persons, I proposed 
(in place of the non-descript apertures for light, which I had found in the south wall), 
to put windows, in the style of the structure. Mr. Charles Liveing, a nephew, and the 
principal Executor, of Mr. Harrold, hearing of my proposal, approved in part, but not 
satisfied with the extent of the work proposed, desired me to point out some more 
signal form of memorial. I called his attention to the indications of an Apse, and at 
his suggestion set to work to trace out the foundations, discovered them, and got an 
order from him, for a perfect restoration of the Apse, with stained lights, the best 
procurable in England or abroad. In 1853 the Apse was restored; the Altar rails 
carved ; the Pulpit and Lectern mac'e and set up by Thomas Crisp, mason, of Colchester; 
the stained lights of the Apse and Chancel, were furnished by Messrs. Wilmshurst & 
Oliphant, then residing in Foley Place, Oxford Street, 1853-54. 

In the course of the work preparatory to restoration, we came upon slabs of 
of stone, (serving as sills and jambs of windows), 'with traces of carved work on the 
concealed side ; "every such stone was sketched separately, by me, then, putting that 
and that together, I was led to the painful conclusion, that the coverings of not less 
than eight stone coffins, had been broken up for the alteration of the east end, and south 
face of the Church; the style of ornamentation of the slabs, varies from 1230 to 1480. 



3es-|pGa<LT6""- 



Amongst the rubble of the debased east wall, were found fragments of exterior, 
and of interior columns of the original east window, as I believe ; also a capital, and 
two bases ; and three pieces of the external arch of the original window ; and two 
corners of the Altar slab, with Crosses incised ; the fragments are in the recess on the 
south side of the Church, all, excepting that of the Altar slab. 

The stonework of the south windows, was in 1853, made conformable with the 
style of the Church. 

Chipping off a patch of white-wash from the north wall, brought to light a red 
mark, which invited further enquiry. I chipped a little right and left, and had the 
satisfaction of discovering something that might have been a head. I sent notice of 
this, and of some other promising red lines, to the Rev. L. Cutts, then Curate of Cogg- 
eshall, and Secretary to the Essex Archaeological Society. He came over at once, and 
we set to work very cautiously, chipping, and tracing. By his hands, or by mine, every 
mark upon the walls of this Church has been traced. 

At the back of the Pulpit, was a diaper. The same pattern appears, upon the 
dress of the second figure in the train of the Queen of Sheba, in the drawing on the 
western wall, representing her visit to King Solomon, a subject chosen, I am inclined 
to think, on account of the name of the Parish, in the form of "Wiseton." The same 
diaper pattern is represented, according to Plauche, as the embroidery work on the 
shoes of the second son of Edward III, William of Hatfield, on an effigy in York 
Cathedral. 

All that remained of the first of a series of subjects from the history of our 
Saviour, indicated — 

1. The Annunciation. 

The elongation, and extension, of the eastermost of the original loop-holes of the 
south wall, destroyed one subject, probably the Nativity. 

2. The interior of the house at Bethlehem. 

3. An Angel pointing to the Star standing over the house. 




NORTH DOOR, VVISTON CHURCH. 



4 



Shepherds, on their way to Bethlehem ; goats browsing ; collie dog. 



The three Kings, standing. 

A kneeling figure, clothed ; Agony in the garden of Gethsemane. 

A kneeling figure, unclothed ; the Scourging. 

A portion of one arm of a Cross; indicating the Crucifixion. 

These mural drawings were each in an arcadlng, with pinacle work. Below 
this series of drawings, were very faint traces of another series, apparently, the miracles 
of our Lord. I got one tracing only, of a female figure rising from a couch. In the 
recess on the south side, was a head, with a rood across the breast of a ha'f length figure. 

9. Above the south door, was a drawing of the Virgin and Child. I could not do jus- 
tice to the sweet expression on the face of the Virgin Mother ; the Virgin was not crowned. 

10. Immediately adjoining this subject, was that of "the three Sleepers," the three 
Kings warned by an angel, not to return to Herod. The same subject appears in a 
richly illuminated ancient MS. in the British Museum, with this difference — that in 
that MS. the King, nearest to the Angel, is sitting up listening. A scroll, across the 
breast of the Angel, bears the warning. 

On the north wall, I found two legendary drawings ; one quite unintelligible to 
me, and to all to whom I have shewn it ; a figure wearing a Franciscan hood ; a masked 
face, a twodianded sword in his hand, at the neck of a kneeling figure. Immediately 
above, was a drawing of St. Francis, preaching to the Birds, Beasts, and Fishes. I 
am told that the same subject, similarly represented, appears on the walls of a Church 
at Assisi, his native place, and in the Gallery of the Louvre. 
Incident in the life of St. Francis of Assisi. 

Francis, sitting in his cell, 

(So the Saintly Legends tell), 
Heard a grasshopper one day, 

Chirping forth its morning lay. 
Francis ope'd his lattice gently, 

Listened to the sound intently ; 
Marked the insect's wondrous make, 

And addressing it thus spake — 



"Tell me creature all thy story, 
That I may to God give glory." 

Whilst the tale was in the telling, 

Francis' heart with rapture swelling, 
On the creature's tale intent, 

To his thoughts he thus gave vent : 
"In the tiniest of His creatures, 

In the forms and in the features 
Of the weakest, do I see 

Reflex of the Deity ; 
Of his greatness, goodness, power, 

From the insect, from the flower, 
From the bird, the fish, the beast, 

From the slenderest, from the least, 
Knowledge hourly do I gain, 

And this truth I deem most plain — 
Lowliest beings, highest praise, 

To the best and greatest, raise." 

"O quam relucet magnus in parvis Deus." 
"Est in tenuibus et pusillis reculis Laus optimique maxumique maxuma." 

The leading features of the history of John the Baptist, were drawn from the 
jamb of the north door, eastward : — 

i. John preaching in the wilderness ; at his back civilians ; in front of him 
strateuomenoi, (men under arms), not stratiotai, (soldiers). The helmets of these men 
are of the same form as the coverings of the heads of civil engineers at this day. 

2. The Supper scene. 

3. The Prison scene. 

4. All that remained of this last subject, was a head on a trencher, and a masked 
head of the executioner. 

The tympanum of the north door is occupied by a drawing of the Temptation 
of our first Parents, both clothed ; an apple in the hand of the woman, a horned fiend 
on the back of each. 

Cn the west wall, and occupying the whole width of the wall, is represented the 
visit of the Queen of Sheba, and her train, to Solomon. Below this drawing is repre- 



sented an Angel, forwarding the Blessed Southward ; a Demon driving the Damned 
Northward. 

On the south wall, toward the west end, are three men sitting on thrones, indi- 
cating, as I suppose, the Twelve judg'ng. 

The next drawing, eastward, is of one standing in a dock, draped, with hands 
clasped, in presence of the Virgin and Child. The next, is of one kneeling, with uplifted 
hands, at the back of a figure in chain armour, St. Michael thrusting with a spear at a 
prostrate fiend. The next is of one seated, with a sword of Justice over the right should- 
er, nnd occupying the whole frame. Below this drawing, are two, enclosed by one frame 
of scroll work : 

i. A male fiend, driving before him a male. 

2. A female fiend, driving a female to the place of punishment. 

The scroll work of that frame, and that of the space between the courses of 
Chevron on the principal arch, are drawn with red chalk ; and the scroll, commencing 
from the abacus of the arch which divides the nave from the chancel, and which seems 
to have been continued through the splays of the loop-holes, is drawn in red, blue, and 
amber. The date of these mural drawings, I am inclined to set at 1360. 





G-V 



The style of the Dedicatory Cross which has been left exposed, and that of an- 



other, of a different form, corresponds with the style of the letters found among the 
glass in the "debased English" east window. The eastermost Dedicatory Cross partially 
covered one of the subjects in the history of John the Baptist; it has been worked on velvet 
for the Pulpit. I have supposed the date of the "debased English" window, to be the 
latter part of the fifteenth, or beginning of the sixteenth century. 




THE FONT, WISTON CHURCH. 



G.V 



When the Apsidal form of the east end of the Church was altered, the original 
Font appears to have been demolished ; fragments, of what I believe to have been the 
original Font, were found amongst the rubble of the east wall. The date of the present 
Font, may, to a certain extent, be determined, by the Royal Arms of England, as they 
appear upon the shield facing eastward. The quartering of that shield was unchanged 
from 1405 to 1603 : — 

Three Fleurs de Lys on field azure, 1 & 4. 

Three Golden Lions upon a field of red, 2 & 3. 

Three Lions passant quardant, or. 

The second shield has a crown upon it. The third, the shield of a Swynborne, 
on this shield, are three Biars' heads, an instance of "arms Parlante," or "canting 
heraldry." A magnificent tomb, in Little Horkesley Church, to the memory of some 
members of that family, is dated 141 2. A fourth, shield on the Font, bears the cross of 
St. George of England. A fifth, the Pa'.lium of the Archbishop of Canterbury. 




Cx-S 




5TH SHII-.I I) 



The sixth, an rngel, playing upon an instrument of music, like a guitar. The 
seventh, the shield of a De Yere, the mullet is in the wrong quarter, in the second, 
instead of the first. The harp, incised in the first quarter, marks the shield of a De Yere. 
Robert De Yere, Earl of Oxford, was created Marquis of Dublin, by Richard II, 1 3S7. 



This Robert De Vere was the first Marquis in England ; this rank and title, with one 
exception only, lay dormant until the time of Henry the sixth The silver mullet of 
the De Veres, is one of the earliest examples of differencing with a single charge. I 
have an engraving of a tomb of one of the Earls of Oxford, in the Church of Castle 
Hedingham ; the crest upon the helmet is a Boar, another interesting instance of 'arms 
Parlante,' or 'canting heraldry,' 'Verris,' a 'Boar Pig.' The eighth shield, has an angel 
playing upon an instrument like a dulcimer. At the base of the Font, are eight Lions, 
two alternately couchant, and dormant. On the shield of Le Grice, in brass, on a slab 
in the chancel, are three Boars in Bend argent, field azure. Each of the eight shields 
is supported by an angel. The head of the priest's door, as I found it, was pointed ; 
on removing the stone work, traces of a semi-circular form were d'scovered. Above 
this door, the loop-hole, now open, was stopped, and a pointed aperture, lower down, 
and slightly to the west, had been made for the adnrssion of light. A ] iece of the 
eastermost side of the pillasters of the second chancel arch, had been cut out, for the 
rest of an upper rail of a screen. Upon clearing away the earth Lorn the inner wall 
of the old foundation of the Apse, we came upon the bases of the pillasters, which 
originally supported the ribbing of the groined work, and upon clearing away the 
plaster from the remainder of the old north and south walls, and from the east face 
of the arch, the course of the original groining, became evident. A fragment of a 
Tessera, scored for mortar, and of a Tegulum, were taken from the remains of the 
groining. These fragments dispose me to think that this Church may be one of the 
"several old Churches, which, being ruinous, were restored by Henry the first ; many 
new Churches also were built in his reign, and adorned with fine painted windows," 
as I have somewhere read. In the 27th year of the reign of King Henry the first, 
Churchwardens were first appointed ; only one was attached to the parish of Wiston. 
Bricks are constantly found in the walls of Churches in the eastern counties, and in 
many other parts of England, for instance Brixworth, Northamptonshire, Darens, in 
Kent, and the Church in Dover Castle ; but, as bricks were not a British manufacture 



before the end of the 1 3th century, we must suppose, where they occur in buildings 
of an earlier date, that they were taken from Roman ruins. An arched opening, 
above the second chancel arch, served the double purpose of entrance for the re- 
pairing of the roof, and of admitting air to the upper part of the groining. A 
pierced head, just below the opening, appears to be the head of a bear muzzled ; 
the piercing, I take to be for a rope, to, perhaps, the only bell of the Church, 
swinging, probably, in a campanile surmounting the second arch. 

Levelling the chancel fl sor, we found fragments of painted glass, and some 
encaustic tiles, plain, cream, and black, 4^ inches square. In the recess in the 
south wall, we found encaustic tiles, cream, and black, 10 inches square, remains 
of a sort of stage. 

The south column, of the arch which divides the Church from the chancel, 
had been cut, that it might serve to support the seat of a square wooden reading 
desk. The lower part of the north column, had been entirely cut away, to make 
room for a square pew; this portion of the column was restored in 1850, by the 
Rev. David F. Markham, then Rector of Great Horkesley. Two oak stalls, and 
a single piece of the lower part of a screen, appear to be of one date, 15th century. 
I found two benches of massive oak ; the joists, into which the bench ends had 
been set, were doing duty as joists, for the sides of square deal pews. 

The Porch, I found an open Porch ; three arches of the arcading were left 
on the eastern side, sufficient to indicate the period as early English. Upon removing 
the brick floor, the bases of the columns of the south door (jakin and Boaz, 1 Kings, 
vii, 21,) were found to be perfect. The Porch was restored and glazed in 1S61. 

The Stoup, of a later date than the Porch, was quite concealed, having been 
filled with rubble, and faced with plaster. 

The present incongruous Bell-holder contains three Bells, one bearing date 
1264. The others are of the 17th century. The date of the weatherboard erection 
is proclaimed by the vane, 1722. At that time, the Church was fitted with square 



14 wiston. 

deal pews, and a gallery. 

In 1854 the south side was benched with oak. In 1S56 the north side 
was also benched ; and in 1860, the galleries, constructed of oak, were put up 
by William Hawkins, Builder, Monks Eleigh. 

1S39. A Barrel-organ, by Gray & Davidson, was erected by subscription. 
In the same year, Service books, bound in vellum, were voted by the Parish for the 
Lectern. Two Service books for the altar, were the gift of Mrs. Charles E. Birch. 

1864. A velvet covering for the Altar, (the design taken from a cope of 
Charlemagne,) was worked, and presented by Mrs. Frank Gresley. 

1S56. The two small lights in the chancel, were the gift of Alexander 
Kinloch Forbes, Esq., E. I. C. S. 

1857. A silver Flagon, and two brass plates for alms, were provided by 
subscription. 

1 86 1. By the aid of contributions from Mr. Holton, Wiston Hall ; Mrs. 
Winstanley, Rugby ; and myself, the Porch was restored and glazed. 

1869. The Tables of the Commandments, the Lord's Prayer, and the 
Creed, were the gift of W. H. Demain Saunders, Esq., Brickendon Grange, Herts. 
One window in the south wall, was the gift of Mr. and Mrs. Sylvester Douglas 
Birch ; the other, that of the parishioners and others. The west window was given 
by Miss Helen Maria George. Very handsome cushions for kneeling at the Altar 
rails, and also two mats for the use of the Priest at the Altar, were worked and 
presented by Miss Helen Maria George. 

1870, The carved oak desks in the chancel, were given by Captain Thomas 
Frederick Birch, R. N., and Mrs. Birch. 

1870. The Shields, on the Candlesticks in the chancel, were illuminated by 
George Stejdien, late of the 72nd Highlanders. 

18S3. The illustrations in this book, are printed from wood blocks carved 
by the same hand. 



WISTON. 15 

1883. The entire body of the Church has been paved with encaustic tiles, 
at the sole expense of Isabella Jean, widow of Sylvester Douglas Birch, E. I. C. S. 

A beautiful large bowl, polished, and made of one piece of grey granite, 
from the Rubislaw quarries, and used for flowers on the Altar, has been given by 
Alexander Macdonald, Esq., of Kepplestone, Aberdeen. 

A brass plate, to the memory of Thomas Churchman Harrold, Esq., is 
inserted in the floor of the chancel. 

In place of the slab, which covered the tomb of the Rev. William Barry, 
and Betty his wife, a brass plate has been substituted, with inscription copied 
from the original stone. 

In the niche, in the north wall of the body of the Church, has been placed 
a brass plate, bearing the names of the Incumbents from 1535. 

In all that has been done, the object has been to restore the form, and 
to perpetuate the character of the building ; and for its furniture and fittings, to 
procure the best materials, and workmanship, being mindful of Him to whose honour, 
and glory, and worship, the House is consecrated. "All things were made, and 
"all wisdom and understanding, and knowledge to devise cunning works, to work 
"in gold, and in silver, and in brass, and in cutting of stones, and setting of them ; 
"and in carving of timber ; all skill to work in all manner of workmanship, is from 
"Him." (Exodus xxxi. 3. 4. 5.) And thanks and praise are offered to Him, who 
gave the means, the ability, and the willing mind, to repair the breaches of 
His House. 

My Predecessor, the Rev. Thomas Bartlam, was Precentor of Exeter Cath- 
edral. He read himself in at Wiston ; was non-resident ; lived, died, and was 
buried at Exeter. He had left the Parsonage to go to ruin and decay, for want 
of necessary and timely reparation. I had not the satisfaction of finding the 
skeleton form of the original, but in its place a house, built under Gilbert's act, 



1 6 WISTON. 

barely completed, and scarcely large enough for a celibate. 

The old Flemish house, at the corner of the roads leading to Wiston 
Church and Hall, and to Bures, has some richly carved beams within it, and some 
good carving on the supports of the door in the east end of the house ; there is 
also, good carving, on the spandril of a door, in the south-west corner, exposed 
for a few hours only, some years ago. 

A portion of the once magnificent mansion of Smallbridge, stands, partly 
in the parish of Wiston, and partly in that of Bures St. Mary. It is difficult to 
conjecture the extent of the ground-plan, or the form of the elevation. The 
remains of pillars of brick-work, on the bridge over the moat, assure 'me that 
the form of the erection covering the bridge, was the same as one that I have 
seen, perfect, in the neighbourhood of Ipswich. 

It is recorded, that Queen Elizabeth spent two days at Smallbridge, with 
Sir William Waldegrave, from August nth, to 14th, 1561. Her age was then 
twenty-eight years. 

Queen Elizabeth left London on Saturday, July iSth, 1561. 
July 19th she spent at Ingatestone. 
„ 2 1 st at New Hall, the seat of Sir W. Petre. 
„ 26th at Colchester. 
,, 30th at St. Osyth. 
August 1st at Colchester. 
,, 2nd at Harwich. 
„ 5th at Ipswich. 

,, nth at Shelly Hall, the seat of Lord Rich, and on the same day 
proceeded to Smallbridge, the seat of Sir William Waldegrave, in the Parishes 
of Bures, and Wissington. 



An extract from "The Progresses of Queen Elizabeth," edited by John 
Nichols, (three vols., 1823,) vol. 1 pp. 92 to 105, shewing her expenses at Small- 
bridge, August 11th, to 14th, 1561 : — 

August 1 2th — £ s. d. 

"Dispenss" (Steward's room) ... 7 10 8 
"Buttill" Buttilia, (Buttery) ... 19 o o 

"Gard" (Garden stuff) ... ... 7 10 2 J 

"Coquina" (Cook's room) ... 28 14 o 

"Pullia" (Poultry) 16 19 S 

"Scutt" (Dishes, etc.) ... ... 700 

"Salsar" (Salted meat) ... ... 1 o 8 

"Aula" (Servant's hall) ... ... 1 3 o 

"Stabulum" (Stable) 25 8 6} 

"Vadia" (Wages) ... ... ...10 o o 

"Elimosina" (Alms) ... ... o 4 o 

August 13th— £ s . d. 

"Dispenss" ... ... ... 7 10 8 

"Buttilia" ... ... ... 18 5 5 

"Gard" ... ... ... 7 16 ni 

"Coquina" ... ... ... 29 17 10 

"Pullia" ... ... ... 16 7 2 

"Scutt" ... ... ... 519 4 

"Salsar" ... ... ... 019 4 

"Aula" ... ... ... 496 

"Stabulum" ... ... ... 19 17 6^ 

"Vadia" ... ... ...1000 ! 

"Elimosina" ... ... ... 040 

Queen Elizabeth left Smallbridge on the 14th of August, 1561. 



1 8 WISTON. 

August 14th she spent at Helmingham, seat of Sir L. Tollmache. 

,, 19th at Gosfield, near Thaxted, seat of Lady Maltravers, owner of 

Little Horkesley. 

August 2 1 st at Lees, seat of Lord Rich. 
,, 25th at Allingbury Morley. 

,, 27th at Standen Court, seat of Sir R. Sadler, in Hertfordshire. 
,, 30th at Hertford. 
Sept. 16th at Enfield. 

,, 22nd at St. James', beyond Charing Cross, met by 10,000 rejoicing 
people. 



WISTON. 

Subscribers towards an Organ for the 
CHURCH OF ST. MARY THE VIRGIN, WISSINGTON. 
— 1840. — 
From Wiston and Elsewhere. 



19 



Beachcroft, Mrs. 

,, Thomas, Esq. 

,, Richard, Esq. 

Birch, Rev. Charles E. 
„ Mrs. C. E. 

„ Mrs. The Deanery, Battle, 
Bowman, Elizabeth 
Bibby, Mary 
Burroughs, E. 
W. 
,, Samuel 

„ Robert 

Bacon, Eliza 
Brown, John 
Bouttell, Isaac 
,, Maria 

Mary 
,, Sarah 

,, Robert, Senr. 

Brown, Samuel 
Cardy, Susan 
Clark, John 
Dixon, Capt. M. 



Frost, Sam. 
Gleed, Mary 
Green, Mrs. 
Holton, Mr. George 
Hammond, Harry 
Hart, Sarah 
Harrold, Mrs. 
Hardy, Hannah 
Hume, Joseph 
,, Hannah 
,, Eliza 
Hawes, George 
,, Samuel 
Keningale, Mr. B. Wiston Hall 

Mrs. „ 
Kistruck, J. 
Lewis, Mr. Daniel 
Liveing, Edward, Esq. 

„ Rev. H. T. 
Lee, William 
„ ,, Jun. 
,,. Thomas 
Mattacks, T. 



WISTON. 

Subscribers towards an Organ for the 
CHURCH OF ST. MARY THE VIRGIN, WISSINGTON. 



continued. 



From Wist on and Elsewhere. 



Ong, William 
Partridge, Miss Betsy 
Pettican, G. 
M. 
Reeve, Abraham, Esq. 
Reid, Susan 
Radley, Letitia 
Stannard, Mr. William 

„ » R- 

„ „ Jeremiah, jun. 

Smith, John 



Sexton, Emily 
Mary 
,, Widow J. 

» J- 
Sallows, Mrs. 
Todd. M. 
Vince, R. 
Willis, Eliza 
Whitmore, Rev. John 
Wilby, James 



Bannerman, Lady 
Burnett, Thomas, Esq. 
Mrs. 
,, Newell, Esq. 
,, Miss Harriet 
,, Miss Eliza 



From Aberdeen. 
— 1840. — 



Earquharson, Mrs. (of Monaltrie.) 

Eraser, Miss Kate 

Gordon, Miss (of Wardhouse.) 

Miss M. 
Innes, T, Esq. (of Learnie.) 
I nnes, Mrs. „ 



WISTON. 

Contributors to Funds for Fittings & General Restoration, 

FROM 185O TO 1883. 

From Wist 'on and Elsewhere. 



Alston, Miss 
Birch, Rev. C. E. 

Mrs. C. E. 

Captain, T. F. (R. N.) 

Sylvester Douglas, Esq., E. I. C. S. 

Mrs. S. D. 

Azim, Esq. 

Miss Margaret E. A. 
Bourdillon, Thomas, Esq. 

Mrs. 
Bucknill, Mrs. S. Birch 
Carbonell, Miss 

Clements, Mrs. (nee Markham.) 
Duffield, Mrs. 
Fisher, Mrs. 

Forbes, Kinlock, Esq., E. I. C S. 
George, Miss Helen M. 
Harvey, Mrs. St. Catherines 
Holton, Mr. Wiston Hall 
,, Mrs., Senr. 

Miss 
,, Miss Margaret 



Humphreys, Miss Lucy 
Kendal, Clarence P. Esq. 
Lewis, Mr. Daniel 
Markham, Rev. D. F. 
Palmer, H. D. Esq. 

,, Miss 
Peel, Mrs. Francis 
Pratt, Miss Harriet 
Rolfe, Mrs. Boggis 
Round, Mrs. Birch Hall 
Rowley, Sir Charles, Bart. 
Saunders, W. H. D., Esq. 
Stannard, Mr. J. 
Seeley, Mrs. John 
Stephens, John, Esq. 
Strong, Miss 

Tremenheere, Mrs. Charles 
Ward, Miss Caroline 
Welton, Mrs. 
Winstanley, Mrs. 
Wood, Miss Helen 



WISTON. 

Contributors to Funds fur Fittings & General Restoration, 

from 1S50 to 1883. 

From Aberdeen. 



Bannerman, Lady 

Christie, Miss M. Harriet 

Cumine, Misses 

Duff. Garden, Esq., Hatton Castle. 

Gordon, Mrs. Charles 

Innes, Col., Learney. 

Innes, Mrs. 



Leith, Lady Westhall 
Lumsden, Miss Clementina Jane 
Macdonald, Alexander, Esq., Kepple- 
Murray, Miss Mary [stone. 

Stephen, George, late 72nd Highlanders. 
Smith, Piper, 72nd Highlanders. 
Urquhart, Mrs. Craigstone Castle. 



WISTON. 

Donations for Renewal of Church Yard Fence, 
— i88-?.— 



Beachcroft, F. P. Esq. 
Birch, Rev. Charles E. 
Birch, Mrs. C. E. ... 
Birch, Miss M. E. A. ... 
Friend 

Green, Mr. W. S. ... 
Hawes, Mr. James F. 
Holton, Mr. Wiston Hall 
Holton, Mrs., Sen. ... 
Lewis, Mr. Daniel 
An Old Friend 
Stannard, Mr. Jeremiah 
Stannard, Miss, Horkseley 
From General Fund ... 



£ 


J. 


d. 


5 


5 





IO 








2 








IO 








IO 








3 


3 





i 








10 








2 








1 








5 








2 


2 





2 








I 


10 





£t>S 









ERRATA. 

Two errors were detected in page 3, in the list of Incumbents, 

The word Greys should be Grys. 

The word Fatham should be Tatham. 



Printed by 

CHARLES LANGHORNE, 

Stationer, d?-Y., 

STOKE, COLCHESTER. 



7*0 



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