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Full text of "A brief description of the Chamberlain collection of autographs now deposited in the Public library of the city of Boston"

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THE CHAMBERLAIN COLLECTION 
OF AUTOGRAPHS. 




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BRIEF DESCRIPTION 
of the 

CHAMBERLAIN COLLECTION 

OF AUTOGRAPHS 

now deposited in 

THE PUBLIC LIBRARY 

of the 
.,,, _..,, , City of Boston. 



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BOSTON. 
PUBLISHED BY THE TRUSTEES. 

1897. 



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PREFACE. 

Some time must pass before the completion 
of an adequate description and analysis of 
the Chamberlain Collection of Autographs. 
Meanwhile it is desirable that somewhat 
be known of its size and scope, particularly 
for the information of libraries and students 
at a distance. A portion, however, is already 
exposed to public view in a series of framed 
documents and tablets. Placed as these 
tablets are, in a position to attract the notice 
of younger students of American histoiy, 
they are now rendered most intelligible and 
useful by historical prefaces which introduce 
their titles throughout the following pages. 
In a few months it is proposed to print in 
separate form the full text of the four great 
documents, mentioned more fully beyond, and 
with them to reprint the prefaces to them, as 
well as the descriptions of the tablets. 

The account which here follows of the 
general collection coincides in part with an 
article written a few years ago for the Boston 
Sunday Herald, by the Rev. Julius H. Ward, 
from memoranda furnished by the Hon. Mel- 
len Chamberlain. 



In the preparation of this pamphlet, es- 
pecially of the part relating to the framed 
documents and tablets, the Library has se- 
cured the assistance of Edwin M. Bacon, Esq., 
who has gained an intimate knowledge of the 
Collection by his classification of the material 

therein. 

Lindsay Swift, 
Editor of Library Publications. 



VI 



THE 
CHAMBERLAIN COLLECTION. 



The collection of historical documents, 
manuscripts, autographs, portraits, and en- 
gravings, together with a few printed vol- 
umes, belonging to the Hon. Mellen Cham- 
berlain, and proposed to be left, by testa- 
mentary bequest, to the Boston Public Li- 
brary, is now deposited in the library. It is 
arranged in two parts: the general collection 
and the series of framed tablets. The latter 
consists of four great documents: the Address 
to the King, 1774; the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence, 1776; the Articles of Confederation, 
1777; and the Constitution, 1787; and of 
sixty-three framed tablets, made up of auto- 
graph signatures cut from receipts, franked 
envelopes, or from historical documents of 
no intrinsic value, here grouped, and illus- 
trated by portraits, biographical sketches, 
and historical notes. The tablets, which are 
described in detail below, are displayed on 



the walls of the room for Younger Readers, 
off the Chavannes corridor. 

THE GENERAL COLLECTION. 

The general collection occupies a room 
opening from the Librarian's room and es- 
pecially fitted to receive it. When bound 
and catalogued, the collection will be more 
fully open to examination than is now prac- 
ticable. It consists of bound and imbound 
volumes of manuscripts, and of printed 
books, expanded and extra-illustrated; in all, 
more than three hundred and fifty volumes, 
conveniently to be divided for the purpose of 
description, into American and European sec- 
tions, and unclassified material. 

THE AMERICAN SECTION. 

In the American section, relating to the 
colonial, provincial, and revolutionary peri- 
ods, are twelve volumes of Massachusetts his- 
torical manuscripts; three devoted to New 
Hampshire, from {he first settlement; fifteen 
to famous men, from all the colonies, con- 
nected with the Revolution; three to the 
signers of the Declaration of Independence; 
and five to Washingtoniana. One volume is 
given to the prominent Quakers who suffered 
persecution in Boston, in 1660; one to Bur- 
goyne's campaign, in 1777; and one to the 
actors in the Salem witchcraft tragedy. Five 



royal-octavo volumes, richly bound, contain 
letters, documents, manuscripts, and portraits, 
relating to Benjamin Franklin, to John Ad- 
ams, to John Hancock, to Samuel Adams and 
Joseph Warren, and to those engaged, on 
both sides, in the battles of Lexington, Con- 
cord, and Bunker Hill. 

Among the volumes relating to this early 
period, some merit particular description. 
The volume given up to the Quakers per- 
secuted in Boston contains the unpublished 
letter which WiUiam Dyer, the husband 
of the unfortunate Mary Dyer, wrote to 
the Court of Assistants in 1659, pleading for 
the life of his wife; also the original ''Warn- 
ing" of Margaret Smith — the original of 
Whittier's ''Margaret Smith's Journal" — 
''given forth in the House of Correction in 
Boston, New England, December 1660," and 
other papers respecting the treatment of the 
Quakers by the Massachusetts authorities. 

The five volumes relating to Washington 
may properly be classed with the series of the 
Revolution, although they include letters and 
documents written by Washington between 
the age of eighteen and the closing years of 
his life, with letters and portraits of his con- 
temporaries associated with him both in mili- 
tary and civil affairs. Among these contem- 
poraries represented are Braddock, Lord Lou- 
don, Baron Steuben, the titular Lord Stirling, 
Israel and Rufus Putnam, Knox, Gates, 



Charles Lee, Henry Lee, Greene, Sullivan, 
Arnold, Lord and Sir William Howe, Sir 
Henry Clinton, Cornwallis, Lafayette, Ro- 
chambeau, de Grasse, Duportail, Earl Bu- 
chan, Luzerne, Genet, Jefferson, Hamilton, 
Randolph, Wolcott and Habersham. One 
volume is made up of the various portraits, 
prints of busts and monuments of Washing- 
ton, with portraits and autographs of the dis- 
tinguished artists to whom he sat. It contains 
every known portrait of Washington which 
has any merit as a likeness or as a work of art. 

The volume of the Signers of the Declara- 
tion of Independence contains a very curious 
series of about twenty autograph poems, 
which George Wythe of Virginia and William 
Ellery of Rhode Island addressed to each 
other, and probably composed while the 
question of independence was under discus- 
sion in the Congress of 1776. 

Memorials of various sorts are collected in 
the volumes relating to the unfortunate ex- 
pedition against Canada in 1690, which was 
paid for by the first issue of paper money 
instead of by expected booty; to the capture 
of Louisburg in 1745, which was followed by 
the expatriation of the Acadians; and to the 
proposed attack on Crown Point in 1755. In 
one or the other of these expeditions Gov- 
ernor Shirley, the Pepperrells, Commodore 
Warren, and Colonel John Winslow were 
prominent. The period of the Stamp Act 



and the later military actions during the 
Revolution, at Bennington, Saratoga, Stony- 
Point, in the Southern Campaigns, and at the 
crowning victory at Yorktown, are illustrated 
by letters and documents; as are also Naval, 
Diplomatic, and Congressional affairs. 

The beginnings of the Revolution, particu- 
larly the part played by Massachusetts, are 
illustrated in the bound volumes of letters of 
Franklin, Hancock, the Adamses and others. 
In these are numerous documents, in manu- 
script or printed, relating to the "Boston 
Massacre," including the action of the Town, 
the General Court, and popular assemblies. 
The proceedings at the time of the destruc- 
tion of the tea in 1773 are fully illustrated by 
rare printed placards. Among other papers are 
original letters to the selectmen written by 
Samuel Adams and others; the resolutions of 
the Boston Town meeting in Adams's hand- 
writing; and letters of Richard Clarke & Sons 
to John Hancock, respecting the cargo of tea 
consigned to them. In the collection are also 
many letters of Committees of Correspond- 
ence; non-importation agreements in manu- 
script; papers relating to the treatment of 
loyalists before the outbreak of hostilities, and 
letters on questions of the day, by the Otises, 
father and son, the Quincys, senior and junior, 
Joseph and James Warren, Paul Revere and 
others, together with political hand-bills, 
broadsides and caricatures. 



The Lexington and Concord fights, and 
the battle of Bunker Hill, are fully illustrated 
by original contemporary letters and docu- 
ments interleaved in the monographs printed 
in 1875, commemorating the centennials of 
those events. These manuscripts include the 
name of nearly every man of distinction found 
on either side of the contest, among them 
General Gage, Lieut. -Colonel Smith, who led 
the main party of the British, Lord Percy, 
who brought up the relieving columns, Paul 
Revere and WilUam Dawes, who carried the 
alarm to Middlesex, James Barrett and Major 
Buttrick, who were conspicuous on the Amer- 
ican side, Gerry, Orne and Lee, of the Com- 
mittee of Safety and Supplies, who escaped 
capture by the British only by a precipitate 
fUght from their beds at the Black Horse 
Tavern in Menotomy (Arlington), Joseph 
Warren, and the Rev. Jonas Clarke, in whose 
house John Hancock and Samuel Adams had 
been entertained the night before the fight. 
One of the most interesting documents here 
is the original bill of Dr. Joseph Fisk for med- 
ical services rendered to the ''King's Troops 
on the 19th of April." 

The monograph of Bunker-Hill, June 17, 
1775, bound with that of Lexington and Con- 
cord, is even more fully illustrated, and con- 
tains several letters and documents written 
on the day of the battle and relating to it. 
One is a letter of Israel Putnam to the Com- 



mittee of Supplies relative to forwarding 
eighteen barrels of powder from Connecticut. 
Here also is found the letter of Daniel Web- 
ster correcting the proof sheets of his oration 
at the laying of the cornerstone of Bunker- 
Hill monument, and the original invitation to 
deHver the oration on the completion of the 
monument. On blank pages of the volume 
Whittier has transcribed his ''Lexington, 
1775," Emerson, his famous Concord Bridge 
hymn, and Holmes, his "Grandmother's Story 
of Bunker Hill Battle." 

Following the Revolution, there are me- 
morials of the Constitutional Convention of 
1787, and of the successive administrations 
from Washington to Grant. In these are 
grouped the presidents, cabinets, diploma- 
tists, judges, speakers of the House, and the 
leading statesmen in both houses of Congress. 

American artists occupy six volumes; 
American inventors, one volume; men of af- 
fairs, twenty-three volumes; Massachusetts 
judges and lawyers, eight volumes; miscel- 
lanies, twenty-three volumes; historic houses 
of the United States, illustrated with auto- 
graphs, views and portraits, two volumes. 
Duyckinck's ''Cyclopaedia of American Liter- 
ature" is expanded into forty-seven volumes 
by portraits, autograph letters and original 
manuscripts of poems or other writings of the 
greater part of the authors treated in that 
work, and of many others incidentally men- 



tioned in its biographical notices. This work 
is supplemented by twenty-three volumes of 
literary characters not included in Duyckinck. 
In the volumes devoted to American artists 
is found every memorable name from Copley 
to recent times. 

THE EUROPEAN SECTION. 

The European section includes four vol- 
umes devoted to sovereigns, thirty to men of 
affairs, eleven to men of letters, one to musi- 
cians, two to actors and actresses, six to 
artists, two to philosophers, four to scientific 
men, ten to the period of the Revolution in 
France, and six to Shakespeare. 

All the sovereigns of England from Henry 
VII. to Victoria, except Edward VI., are in- 
cluded; of France from Louis XII. to Louis 
XVI.; representatives of the French Direc- 
tory, the Consulate, the First empire, and of 
the Bonaparte family; and such rulers of other 
nations (to mention only some of the most 
famous) as Ferdinand and Isabella, the Philips 
of Spain, Gustavus Adolphus, Charles XII., 
Frederick the Great, Maria Theresa, Cather- 
ine 11. and Alexander I. of Russia. Among 
the volumes given to men of affairs, letters or 
documents are found of the earls of Essex, of 
Leicester, Fairfax, Sully, Mazarin, Colbert, 
Richelieu, Coke, Cecil, Fox, George Gren- 
ville. Lord North, the younger Pitt, Grattan 
and his eminent contemporaries, and of such 

8 



of the French revolutionary characters as 
Robespierre, Danton, Carnot, Marat, Necker, 
and his daughter, Madame de Stael. Among 
names distinguished in military affairs are Pic- 
colomini, Turenne, Vauban, Peterborough, 
Eugene, Marlborough, Wolfe, and Welling- 
ton; Napoleon and his marshals form a 
group by themselves. Among the great di- 
vines represented are Melanchthon, Calvin, 
Bossuet, Fenelon, Jeremy Taylor, Bishop 
Burnet, Berkeley, Dr. Samuel Clarke, War- 
burton, Hurd, Whately, and others equally 
eminent ; among men of science and inventors, 
Newton, Watt, the Herschels, Faraday, the 
Stephensons, and the great French and 
German astronomers; among philosophers 
and metaphysicians, Leibnitz, Bayle, d'Alem- 
bert, Diderot, Erasmus, Darwin, Hutcheson, 
Locke, Hume, Voltaire, Condorcet, Rousseau, 
St. Simon, Kant, Marmontel, Maupertuis, 
Richard Price, Baron Grimm, Fichte, Hegel, 
Helvetius, Herder, Hobbes, Lotze, Adam 
Smith, Reid, Priestley, Schelling, Schlegel, 
Schopenhauer, Sir William Hamilton, John 
Stuart Mill, Isaac Taylor, Cousin, and Her- 
bert Spencer. 

Among continental and British artists, 
represented by signed or attributed specimens 
of their work in original drawings or pen and 
ink sketches, are found the names of such 
eminent painters, sculptors, and architects as 
Domenichino, Del Sarto, Correggio, Holbein, 



Paul Veronese, Andrea Sacchi, Van Dyck, 
Rembrandt, Gabriel Metsu, Sir Peter Lely, 
Sir Christopher Wren, Sir James Thornhill, 
George Vertue, Hogarth, Richard Wilson, 
Campagniola, Sir Joshua Reynolds, George 
Romney, James Barry, James Northcote, 
William Blake, Cruikshank, Landseer, Millais, 
Thorwaldsen, Overbeck, Winckelmann, Dela- 
roche, and Delacroix. Among musicians, 
composers and performers, are the names, 
some of them accompanied by manuscripts 
of compositions and all with portraits, of 
Bach, Handel, Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, 
Auber, Schneider, Weber, Sontag, Meyer- 
beer, Schumann, Wagner, Sir Henry R. 
Bishop, Jennie Lind, and Ole Bull; among 
actors, of Garrick, the Kembles, Talma, Mrs. 
Siddons, Mrs. Inchbald, Macready, Buck- 
stone, John Maddison Morton (the farce 
writer), Junius Brutus Booth, Forrest, Charles 
Kean, Vandenhoff, Edwin Booth, and John 
Brougham. 

The volumes of Shakesperiana include au- 
tograph letters of nearly all the Shakesperian 
editors and scholars — Edmund Malone, Mrs. 
Montagu, Bishop Percy, Thomas Tyrwhitt, 
Richard Farmer, Dr. Nathan Drake, Charles 
Knight, Sir Harris Nicholas, George Steevens, 
Isaac Reed, Anna Seward, the Rev. Thomas 
Bowdler, Alexander Chalmers, Francis Douce, 
Ireland the forger, Alexander Dyce, James O. 



10 



Halliwell, J. Payne Collier, Joseph Ritson, 
and Joseph Haslewood. 

In the European section, as in the American, 
it has often been found practicable by the 
collector to group letters and other interest- 
ing matters under a general heading, as ''Some 
Eminent Scotchmen," or round some dis- 
tinguished name, as Sir Walter Scott, Francis 
Jeffrey, and Lord Macaulay, concerning whom 
notable illustrated monographs have appeared 
in magazines. These monographs, inlaid to 
uniform size, have been prepared to receive 
additional illustration in the form of letters, 
not only of the principal characters written 
about, but also of many who are incidentally 
mentioned. For example: in the "Eminent 
Scotchmen" series are found, in connection 
with the descriptive letter-press, an original 
poem of Allan Ramsay, letters of James Thom- 
son, author of 'The Seasons," of Burns (a poem 
signed), of Thomas Reid, David Hume, Dr. 
William Cullen, Dr. William Hunter, Hu2:h 
Blair, Adam Smith, Adam Ferguson, Dr. 
John Moore, James Beattie, James Watt, 
James Macpherson, "translator" of Ossian, 
Henry Mackenzie, Mrs. Anne Grant, and 
others. 

The other Scotch monographs must be 
treated more concisely. The principal men of 
the coterie of which Scott was the centre, 
those associated with Constable, who founded, 
and with Jeffrev and his associates, who for 



II 



many years carried on the "Edinburgh Re- 
view," and those associated with William 
Blackwood, of ''Blackwood's Magazine," are 
respectively represented by autographs, and 
in some cases by leaves of the original copy 
of one or more of their published articles. 
The names of some of those thus associated 
are Archibald Constable, Francis Horner, 
Francis Jeffrey, Sydney Smith, Lord Brougham, 
John Ballantyne, Dugald Stewart, Thomas 
Campbell, James Hogg, William Blackwood, 
John Gait, Allan Cunningham, John Wilson, 
George Combe, Alexander Carlyle, Basil 
Hall, J. R. McCulloch, Edward Irving, Lock- 
hart, Carlyle, David M. Moir (''Delta"), 
Motherwell, Dr. John Brown, Dr. Thomas 
Chalmers, Thomas Guthrie, Robert and Wil- 
liam Chambers. 

In the Macaulay monograph are bio- 
graphical notices of the Rev. Zachary Ma- 
caulay, father of Lord Macaulay, and of many 
of the members of the "Clapham Set." There 
are letters of Granville Sharp, Hannah More, 
Bishop Percy, Catherine Macaulay, Dr. John- 
son, Mrs.Thrale,Winthrop M.Praed, Bulwer, 
Jeffrey, Samuel Rogers, John Wilson, James 
Montgomery, and of others, in some way asso- 
ciated with the Macaulay family. This vol- 
ume is supplemented by autograph letters of 
some of the subjects of Macaulay's Essays, 
including Fanny Burney, Lord Burleigh, 
Francis Bacon, Sir WilHam Temple, Chatham, 

12 



Walpole, Warren Hastings, Sir Philip Fran- 
cis, Sir James Mackintosh, Lord Holland, 
Southey, Hallam, Croker, and Gladstone. 

UNCLASSIFIED. 

Besides the classified collection is a con- 
siderable mass of manuscripts of great his- 
torical or literary value, awaiting arrange- 
ment, in which are in particular two papers 
of more than ordinary interest. The earliest 
is a printed broadside in folio, announcing 
the acting of the "Tragedy of Zara" in Faneuil 
Hall ''by a society of ladies and gentlemen." 
The play was given in the winter of 1775- 
76, when the British army under Sir William 
Howe, and many loyalists, were held in Boston 
by Washington's army. The play-bill is very 
rare, and this copy of it probably unique in 
having on its back a finely written cast of the 
characters. 

The other paper is also very rare, since it 
is one of the only two of the same kind said 
to have been removed from their place in the 
days of the Commune. It is a pay-roll of the 
members of the French National Institute, 
December, 1801. Among the receipting sig- 
natures are the names of Legendre, Delambre, 
Lacroix, Carnot, Cuvier, Lamarck, Jussieu, 
Saint Pierre, abbe Sicard, Merlin, Cassini 
the astronomer, Vauquelin the chemist, abbe 
Sabatier the famous surgeon, Ducis the 
French dramatist, and the following famous 

13 



painters or sculptors, — David, Regnault, 
Julien, Roland, and Houdon. About one hun- 
dred signatures appear on this pay-roll, every 
one of which was written by a man of dis- 
tinction, 

PRINTED BOOKS. 

Though the Chamberlain Collection con- 
sists mainly of autograph letters and docu- 
ments, it includes also several volumes bearing 
the autographs of famous men; and others, 
besides many pamphlets, which are the in- 
scribed gifts of authors. Among the former 
is a copy of Scaliger's Poetics, with two au- 
tographs of Pope; another entitled ''Desiderii 
Erasmi Flores," date of 1645, with Mather 
Byles's autograph on the title page; another 
made up of Thomas Moore's autograph notes 
for a History of Ireland; another, and perhaps 
the most interesting of them, is the little 
duodecimo volume in which Coleridge, Charles 
Lamb, and Lloyd, made their venture in pub- 
lishing their poems, in 1797. This was Lamb's 
own copy in which he transcribed at the end 
of his printed poems his sonnet to ''Miss 
Kelly," signed "C. Lamb, Sept. 1819." He 
at first inadvertently wrote this sonnet on the 
blank half page separating the poems of Lloyd 
from his own. Discovering his mistake, he 
cut out the leaf, and in doing so also excised 
two stanzas of Lloyd's poems printed on the 
reverse of the leaf. To restore these stanzas 

14 



he copied them in his own hand on the mar- 
gins, and rewrote his sonnet in its proper 
place, as it now appears. 

"The Courtship of Miles Standish, and 
other Poems," by Longfellow, is, perhaps, the 
most interesting volume in this part of the 
collection. The edition is the English duo- 
decimo, illustrated by Sir John Gilbert. It is 
inlaid to folio size to accommodate a letter, 
which must be regarded as the most interest- 
ing document of the early Plymouth Colony. 
The volume contains a portrait and character- 
istic note of Gilbert. In it are also to be found 
many photographic and engraved portraits of 
Longfellow selected by him from a large num- 
ber from which he excluded eight or ten as 
"not altogether pleasing." These latter, 
though not included, have been preserved. 
The portraits included all bear Longfellow's 
autograph, and the text is preceded by the 
opening stanza in his autograph. The letter 
inserted in the volume is a well-preserved 
folio, dated February 6, 163 1/2, of con- 
siderable historical importance, addressed to 
Governor John Winthrop. Winthrop's in- 
dorsement and Bradford's seal are on the 
fourth page. It is in Bradford's hand- 
writing, signed by Bradford himself, Gov- 
ernor Thomas Prence, Dr. William Fuller, 
the famous physician not only of Plymouth 
but of the Massachusetts Colony as well, and 
by two of the principal characters of the poem, 

IS ' 



— Miles Standish and John Alden. Besides 
these autographs the volume contains letters 
of Governor Winslow, Cotton Mather and 
others, and many engraved illustrations of 
scenes and events referred to in the poem. 

Another book, enlarged in a similar way, is 
the ''Salem Witchcraft," by Charles W. Up- 
ham, in two volumes. It contains many of 
the original complaints, depositions, execu- 
tions, and other papers used at the trials of 
those charged with witchcraft, together with 
documents or letters of many persons who, 
like Cotton Mather, were conspicuous in that 
delusion. 

SKETCH OF MELLEN 
CHAMBERLAIN. 

It is fitting that a few facts of the life of 
Judge Chamberlain, and of the conditions 
under which the collection was made, should 
be recorded here. Mellen Chamberlain was 
born, June 4, 1821, at Pembroke, N. H. In 
1844 he graduated, with high rank, from Dart- 
mouth College. After teaching for several 
years in Brattleboro, Vt., in 1846 he entered 
the Harvard Law school, and soon after was 
appointed Librarian of that department of 
the university. In 1849 ^^ was admitted to 
the bar, and in June of the same year became 
a citizen of Chelsea, where he still resides. 
He was a member of the Massachusetts House 
of Representatives in 1858-59; of the Senate, 
16 



1863-64, the second year serving as chairman 
of the committee on the judiciary; an Asso- 
ciate Justice of the Municipal Court of Boston 
from June 29, 1866 to Dec. i, 1870; Chief Jus- 
tice of that court from that date to August, 
1878; and Librarian of the Boston PubHc 
Library from August, 1878 to October, 1890. 

At the age of nineteen he was elected a 
member (the youngest ever chosen) of the 
New Hampshire Historical Society. He is a 
corresponding member of the New York, 
Connecticut, and Pennsylvania historical so- 
cieties, and a member of the American acad- 
emy, the New England Historic genealogical 
society, and the Massachusetts Historical so- 
ciety. The following are among his contribu- 
tions to American historical work: "John Ad- 
ams, the statesman of the American Revolu- 
tion" (1884); A review of McMaster's History 
(Andover Review, June, 1886); The Revolu- 
tion impending (Narrative and critical history 
of America, vol. 6); and a review of Palfrey's 
History of New England (The Nation, July 
10, 1890). Since his retirement from his office 
in the Boston Public Library, which he re- 
signed on October i, 1890, by reason of ad- 
vancing age and impaired health. Judge Cham- 
berlain has been engaged on a history of 
Chelsea, to which he had committed himself 
by acceptance of a request made by the City 
Government. 

This collection was begun at a time when 

17 



the present interest, and the competition re- 
sulting, had not yet developed. As a conse- 
quence, not only signatures and letters, but 
historical documents of considerable import- 
ance, were often to be had for the asking. 
Even in public offices a disregard of historical 
papers led to their disposal in ways which put 
them easily into the hands of collectors. 
Judge Chamberlain and the late Dr. George 
H. Moore, of the Lenox Library, both bene- 
fited, even as early as when at school together 
in Concord, N. H., by this disregard an,d pre- 
vailing indifference. 

Later, association with Dr. John Farmer, 
the genealogist, at that time employed by the 
state of New Hampshire to arrange its ar- 
chives, widened and strengthened Judge 
Chamberlain's interest. It was his good for- 
tune, also, to have for correspondents several 
famous collectors, among others the Rev. Dr. 
Sprague, of Albany, I. K. Tefft, Esq.,' of 
Savannah, and Robert Gilmor, Esq., of Bal- 
timore. 

Judge Chamberlain has always been a man 
of affairs. Notwithstanding, however, his 
devotion to the main business of his life, he 
has maintained his interest in this collection 
of autographs and historical manuscripts, 
until to-day the Chamberlain collection, while 
it is strong in general interest, is unrivalled 
in the scope and variety of its material relating 
to New England. 

i8 



AUTOGRAPHS FROM THE 
CHAMBERLAIN COLLECTION. 

[Mounted on the south wall of the Room for 
Younger Readers.] 

Framed Documents; Tablets of autographs, with il- 
lustrative portraits, prints and text; and Seals. 

The Tablets, as now exhibited, are surmounted by- 
four Documents which marked the beginning of the 
American Revolution by all the colonies, their declara- 
tion of independence, their first attempt at making a 
general government, and its consummation by the Con- 
stitution of 1787. These are the Address to the King 
signed by the Congress of 1774, one of the few great 
papers of that body; the Declaration of Independence; 
the Articles of Confederation; and the Constitution of 
the United States. 

To these Documents have been affixed the auto- 
graphs (only in a few cases in fac-simile) of the signers. 
These signatures were secured by cutting them from 
franks, deeds, commissions and other papers of little 
or no importance. When attached to letters or docu- 
ments these several groups of autographs are doubt- 
less found in all great collections; but in the form in 
which they are seen in the Chamberlain Collection, are 
probably unique. The first, third and fourth Docu- 
nients were printed by Judge Chamberlain to conform 
in size and form with the fac-simile of the Declaration 
of Independence, in order that, to all of them, might be 
attached original signatures of their respective signers. 

These four Documents are too long to print entire 
here. Only titles and the beginning and end of each 
are given below; but it is intended to present the full 
text in another form. 

19 



DOCUMENT A. 
Address to the King by the Congress of 1774. 

On December 16, 1773, the inhabitants of Boston 
assembled at the Old South Church to act about sev- 
eral cargoes of teas shipped to that port by the East 
India Company of English merchants, which the Bos- 
ton people determined should not be landed. Finding 
that the teas would not be sent back to England, the 
meeting dissolved and fifty men disguised as Indians 
went to the wharf where the tea ships lay and threw 
the teas overboara. When the news of these proceed- 
ings reached England, Parliament, to punish the people 
of Boston for these riotous acts, on March 28, 1774, 
passed the "Boston Bill," which closed the town as a 
port of entry and caused great distress to the inhab- 
itants. A-bout the same time Parliament passed a bill 
radically changing the charter of Massachusetts. These 
measures afifected all the colonies and aroused their 
resentment. To express this popular feeling and to 
pass retaliatory measures, a General Congress of the 
colonies assembled at Philadelphia, September 5, 1774, 
and continued in session nearly eight weeks, during 
which it formed a "Plan of Association" against im- 
portation or consumption of English goods, and against 
exportation of Colonial products to England. It also 
prepared addresses to the people of Great Britain, to 
those of the British colonies, and to the inhabitants of 
Quebec; passed a Declaration of Colonial rights; and, 
on October 26, 1774, An Address to the King. Of 
these papers, Lord Chatham, on moving an address to 
the King, January 20, 1775, to recall the troops from 
Boston, said: "When your lordships look at the papers 
transmitted us from America; when you consider their 
decency, firmness, and wisdom, you cannot but respect 
their cause, and wish to make it your own. For my- 
self, I must declare and avow, that in all my reading 
and observation — and it has been my favourite study 
— I have read through Thucydides, and have studied 
and admired the master-states of the world — that for 
solidity of reasoning, force of sagacity, and wisdom of 
conclusion, under such a complication of difficult cir- 

20 



cumstances, no nation, or body of men, can stand in 
preferance to the General Congress at Philadelphia." 

The Address is printed in full in Force's Archives: 
Ser. IV., vol. I., page 934. Below is given the title and 
the opening lines of the Address, which is omitted by 
reason of its length. Appended to the framed text are 
original signatures of all who signed it, save of Henry 
Middleton, the President of Congress, whose name is 
printed. 

In Congress, October 26, 1774. "To the 
King's Most Excellent Majesty." 

Most Gracious Sovereign: We, your Majesty's 
faithful subjects of the Colonies of New-Hampshire, 
Massachusetts Bay, Rhode-Island and Providence Plan- 
tations, Connecticut, New- York, New-Jersey, Pennsyl- 
vania, the Counties of New-Castle, Kent, and Sussex, 
on Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, and 
South Carolina, in behalf of ourselves and the inhabit- 
ants of those Colonies who have deputed us to represent 
them in General Congress, by this our humble Petition, 
beg leave to lay our Grievances before the Throne. 

H: ^ H: H^ 4: 

We therefore most earnestly beseech your Majesty, 
that your Royal authority and interposition may be used 
for our relief, and that a gracious Answer may be given 
to this Petition. 

That your Majesty may enjoy every felicity through 
a long and glorious Reign, over loyal and happy sub- 
jects, and that your descendants may inherit your pros- 
perity and Dominions till time shall be no more, is, and 
always will be, our sincere and fervent prayer. 

Henry Middleton, President. 

SIGNATURES (read from right to left): New Hamp- 
shire: John Sullivan; Nathaniel Folsom. Massa- 
chusetts Bay: Thomas Gushing; Samuel Adams; John 
Adam^s; Robert Treat Paine. Rhode Island: Stephen 
Hopkins; Samuel Ward. Connecticut: Eliphalet 
Dyer; Roger Sherman; Silas Deane. New York: 
Philip Livingston; John Alsop; Isaac Low; James 
Duane; William Floyd; Simon Boerum; John Jay; 
Henry Wisner. New Jersey: William Livingston 

21 



(with seal); John De Hart; Stephen Crane; Richard 
Smith. Pennsylvania: Edward Biddle; Joseph Gallo- 
way; John Dickinson; John Morton; Thomas Mifflin; 
George Ross; Charles Humphreys. Delaware: Caesar 
Rodney; Thomas McKean; George Read. Maryland: 
Mathew Tilghman; Thomas Johnson; William Paca; 
Samuel Chase. Virginia: Richard Henry Lee; Patrick 
way; John Dickinson; John Morton; Thomas Mifflin; 
Henry; George Washington; Edmund Pendleton; 
Richard Bland; Benjamin Harrison. North Caro- 
lina: William Hooper; Joseph Hewes; Richard Cas- 
well. South Carolina: Thomas Lynch; Christopher 
Gadsden; John Rutledge; Edward Rutledge. 



DOCUMENT B. 

The Declaration of Independence as signed 
by the Continental Congress at Philadelphia, 
August 2, 1776. 

When Richard Henry Lee's resolution, "That these 
United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free 
and independent states; and that all political connection 
between them and the State of Great Britain is, and 
ought to be dissolved," was agreed to by the Congress 
on July 2, 1776, the battle had been fought and won. 
This was the day of which John Adams, writing to his 
wife, July 3, said, "Yesterday the greatest question was 
decided, which was ever debated in America, and a 
greater, perhaps, never was nor will be decided among 
men. A resolution was passed without one dissenting 
colony, 'that these United Colonies are, and of right 
ought to be, free and independent States,' etc. , . . The 
second day of July, 1776, will be the most memorable 
epoch in the history of America. ... It ought to be 
commemorated as the day of deliverance." But July 4, 
when the Declaration drafted by Jefferson was made, 
is regarded as the more memorable day, partly, it may 
have been, because of the belief long prevalent that on 
that day the Declaration was signed by the members 
of Congress. But it was otherwise; for on July 4 it 
was signed only by John Hancock, President, and 

22 



Charles Thomson, Secretary of Congress; and in that 
form ordered to be printed and sent to the several 
States, and to be proclaimed at the head of the army. 
On July 19 Congress resolved, That the Declaration 
passed on the Fom'th be fairly engrossed on parchment, 
with the title, etc.; and that the same, v/hen engrossed, 
be signed by every member of Congress. The Secret 
Journal of the Congress for August 2 says, The Decla- 
ration of Independence, being engrossed and compared 
at the table, was signed by the members. It is not un- 
likely that several members were absent on that day 
and signed shortly after. It is said that McKean did 
not sign until 1781; but it is certain that he was in 
Philadelphia on October 13, 1776, and signed a letter 
as one of a Congressional committee. This letter is in 
the Chamberlain Collection. Thornton of New Hamp- 
shire did not take his seat until November 4, and as a 
matter of course signed after that date, j On January 18, 
"^y??, it was Ordered, that an authenticated copy of the 
Declaration of Independence, with the names of the 
members of Congress subscribing to the same, be sent 
to each of the United States, and they be desired to 
have the same put upon record. The Boston Public 
Library possesses one of these copies which seems to J> 
have strayed from the archives of some State.' The i 
same Library also possesses a somewhat reduced pho- 
tographic fac-simile of the original in its present con- 
dition with the autographs nearly faded out, a mishap 
said to have been caused many years ago by taking a 
copy by the anastatic process. A specimen of such a 
copy is here presented with the fac-simile signatures 
covered by original autographs. JSTo other copy so en- 
riched by original signatures is known. 

In Congress, July 4, 1776. The Unanimous 
Declaration of the thirteen united States of 
America. 

When in the Course of human events, it becomes 
necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands 
which have connected them with another, and to assum^e 
among the Powers of the earth, the separate and equal 
station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's 
God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of 

23 



mankind requires that they should declare the causes 
which impel them to the separation. 

xt' ^1^ x"^ ^^ x^ 

^f^ >^ ^^ ^^ ^^ 

We therefore the representatives of the United States 
of America in General Congress assembled, appea.ling 
to the supreme judge of the world for the rectitude of 
our intentions, do in the name, and by the authority of 
the good people of these Colonies, solemnly publish and 
declare, that these united Colonies are, and of right 
ought to be, free and independent States; that they are 
absolved from all allegiance to the British crown, and 
that all political connection between them and the state 
of Great Britain is, and ought to be, totally dissolved; 
and that as free and independent States, they have full 
power to levy war, conclude peace, contract alliances, 
establish commerce, and to do all other acts and things 
which independent States may of right do. 

And for the support of this declaration, with a firm 
reliance on the protection of divine providence, we 
mutually pledge to each other our lives, our fortunes, 
and our sacred honor. 

SIGNATURES OF THE SIGNERS (in the order of 
states, from right to left): 

John Hancock. 

Josiah Bartlett. William Whipple. Samuel Adams. 
John Adams. Robert Treat Paine. Elbridge Gerry. 
Stephen Hopkins. William Ellery, Roger Sherman. 
Samuel Huntington. William Williams. Oliver Wol- 
cott. Matthev/ Thornton. 

William Floyd. Philip Livingston. Francis Lewis. 
Lewis Morris. Richard Stockton. John Witherspoon. 
Francis Hopkinson. John Hart. Abraham Clark. 

Robert Morris. Benjamin Rush. Benjamin Frank- 
lin. John Morton. George Clymer. James Smith. 
George Taylor. James Wilson. George Ross. 

Caesar Rodney. George Read. Thomas McKean. 
Samuel Chase. William Paca. Thomas Stone. Charles 
Carroll, of Carrollton. 

George Wythe. Richard Henry Lee. Thomas Jef- 
ferson. Benjamin Harrison. Thomas Nelson, Jr. 
Francis Lightfoot Lee. Carter Braxton. William 
Hooper. Joseph Hewes. John Penn. 

Edward Rutledge. Thomas Hayward, Jr. Thomas 
Lynch, Jr. Arthur Middleton. Button Gwinnett. Ly- 
man Hall. George Walton. 

24 



DOCUMENT C. 

The subject of some sort of a general government 
for the Colonies engaged the attention of Congress 
even before it had declared them independent States. 
It was embraced in Richard Henry Lee's resolutions of 
Tune 7, 1776; and on July 11 Congress voted to choose 
a committee "to prepare and digest the form of a con- 
federation to be entered into between these colonies." 
On July 12 this committee reported articles which were 
drawn up by John Dickinson; but they were not finally 
adopted until live years after. The limits of this note 
do not permit an account of the difficulties of sectional 
interests, commerce, political power, and public lands, 
and of prejudices, which delayed the establishment of a 
government even as powerless as that of the Confed- 
eration proved to be. It was not until March, 1781, — 
five years after it was contemplated, — that the Con- 
federation went into effect by the assent of the Mary- 
land delegates when authorized by the people of that 
State. As a system of government nothing could have 
been framed more weak or unsatisfactory. It finally 
became so inefificient that there was danger lest the 
States should separate into two or three confederacies, 
or even set up as independent governments. Happily, 
however, six years after the adoption of the Articles of 
Confederation, the Convention which formed the pres- 
ent Constitution, met at Philadelphia and gave the peo- 
ple a government which has since continued to afford 
them satisfaction. Of the signatures appended to this 
document, those of Adams of Virginia, Penn and Wil- 
liams of North Carolina, Hutson of South Carolma, 
and Walton of Georgia, are fac-similes, and with the 
exception of Hutson, are from the original rolls at 
Washington. 

Articles of Confederation and Perpetual 
Union between the States. 

To ALL TO WHOM THESE PRESENTS SHALL COME, WE 
THE UNDERSIGNED DELEGATES OF THE STATES AFFIXED 

TO OUR NAMES, SEND GREETING. — Whercas the dele- 
gates of the United States of America in Congress as- 
sembled did on the 15th day of November in the Year 

25 



of our Lord 1777, and in the Second Year of the Inde- 
pendence of America agree to certain articles of Con- 
federation and perpetual Union between the States of 
New-Hampshire, Massachusetts-bay, Rhode-island and 
Providence Plantations, Connecticut, New- York, New- 
Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, 
North-Carolina, South-Carolina, and Georgia, in the 
words followmg, viz. : — "Articles of Confederation and 
Perpetual Union between the States of New-Hampshire, 
Massachusetts-Bay, Rhode-Island and Providence Plan- 
tations, Connecticut, New-York, New-Jersey, Pennsyl- 
vania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North-Carolina, 
South-Carolina, and Georgia." 

Article I. — The Stile of this confederacy shall be, 
"The United States of America." 

Jjx 2(^ ^^ *J^ J|C 

Article XIII. — Every state shall abide by the de- 
terminations of the united states in congress assembled, 
on all questions which by this confederation is submitted 
to them. And the Articles of this confederation shall be 
inviolably observed by every state, and the union shall 
be perpetual; nor shall any alteration at any time here- 
after be made in any of them; unless such alteration be 
agreed to in a congress of the united states, and be after- 
wards confirmed by the legislatures of every state. 

And whereas it hath pleased the Great Governor of 
the World to incline the hearts of the legislatures we 
respectively represent in congress, to approve of, and 
to authorize us to ratify the said articles of confedera- 
tion and perpetual union. Know Ye that we, the under- 
signed delegates, by virtue of the power and authority 
to us given for that purpose, do by these presents, in 
the name and in behalf of our respective constituents, 
fully and entirely ratify and confirm each and every of 
the said articles of confederation and perpetual union, 
and all and singular the matters and things therein con- 
tained: And we do further solemnly plight and engage 
the faith of our respective constituents, that they shall 
abide by the determinations of the united states in con- 
gress assembled, on all questions, which by the said 
confederation are submitted to them. And that the arti- 
cles thereof shall be inviolably observed by the states 
we respectively represent, and that the union shall be 
perpetual. In witness whereof we have hereunto set our 

26 



hands in Congress, Done at Philadelphia in the state 
of Pennsylvania the 9th day of July in the year of our 
Lord, 1778, and in the 3d year of the Independence of 
America. 

SIGNATURES: 

On the part and behalf of the State of New 
Hampshire: Josiah Bartlett; John Wentworth. 

On the part and behalf of the State of Massa- 
chusetts Bay: John Hancock; Samuel Adams; El- 
bridge Gerry; Francis Dana; James Lovell; Samuel 
Henry Marchant; John Collins. 

On the part and behalf of the State of Rhode 
Island and Providence Plantation: William Ellery; 
Holten. 

On the part and behalf of the State of Con- 
necticut: Roger Sherman; Samuel Huntington; Oli- 
ver Wolcott; Titus Hosmer; Andrew Adams. 

On the part and behalf of the State of New 
York: James Duane; Francis Lewis; William Duer; 
Gouverneur Morris. 

On the part and behalf of the State of New 
Jersey: James Witherspoon; Nathaniel Scudder. 

On the part and behalf of the State of Penn- 
sylvania: Robert Morris; Daniel Roberdeau; Jonathan 
B. Smith; William Clingan; Joseph Reed. 

On the part and behalf of the State of Dela- 
ware: Thomas McKean; John Dickinson; Nicholas 
Van Dyke. 

On the part and behalf of the State of Mary- 
land: John Hanson; Daniel Carroll. 

On the part and behalf of the State of Vir- 
ginia: Richard Henry Lee; John Banister; Thomas 
Adams; John Harvie; Francis Lightfoot Lee. 

On the part and behalf of the State of North 
Carolina: John Penn; Cornelius Harnett; John Wil- 
liams. 

On the part and behalf of the State of South 
Carolina: Henry Laurens; William Henry Drayton; 
John Mathews; Richard Hutson; Thomas Hey ward, Jr. 

On the part and behalf of the State of Geor- 
gia: John Walton; Edward Telfair; Edward Lang- 
worthy. 

27 



DOCUMENT D. 

The Convention which framed the Constitution of 
the United States met at Philadelphia on May 14, 1787, 
and very early developed diversities of opinions among 
its members so irreconcilable that more than once its 
dissolution seemed to be inevitable; and when its work 
was done, the Constitution was signed by only thirty- 
nine of the fifty-five members who at any time attended 
the Convention. 

Besides the reasons for this diversity of opinions and 
sectional interests mentioned in the note to the Articles 
of Confederation, were the facts that the call of the 
Convention limited its power to a revision of those 
Articles and did not extend to the formation of a new 
constitution. Moreover, the Confederacy, by the terms 
of its formation purported to be a "Perpetual Union." 
A similar divergence of opinions appeared among the 
States on the question of its adoption. This was for a 
long time in doubt, and was finally carried in several of 
the largest states by slender majorities. North Carolina 
and Rhode Island at first refused adoption, but finally 
came into the Union, the former, on November 21, 1789, 
and the latter, May 29, 1790. It is doubtful whether a 
majority of the people of all the States was in favor 
of ratifying the work of the Convention; and it is cer- 
tain that some of the earliest and ablest leaders of the 
Revolution, such as Samuel Adams, George Clinton, 
and Patrick Henry, strenuously opposed its adoption. 
But it was the best result attainable at the time by the 
ablest and most patriotic men who had ever assembled 
in America. 

Constitution of the United States of America. 

We the people of the United States, in order to form 
a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic 
Tranquillity, provide for the common Defence, promote 
the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty 
to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and estabHsh 
this Constitution for the United States of America. 

ARTICLE I. 
Section i. All legislative Powers herein granted, 

28 



shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which 
shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives. 

***** 

The Ratification of the Conventions of nine States 
shall be sufficient for the Establishment of this Consti- 
tution between the States so ratifying the Same. 

Done in Convention by the Unanimous Consent of 
the States present the Seventeenth day of September in 
the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and 
Eighty-seven and of the Independence of the United 
States of America the Twelfth. In Witness whereof 
We have hereunto subscribed our names. 

Geo. Washington, Pres. and deputy from Virginia. 

SIGNATURES (of the Members of the Convention). 
New Hampshire: *John Langdon; *Nicholas Gil- 
man. Massachusetts: Elbridge Gerry; ^Nathaniel 
Gorham: Caleb Strong; *Rufus King. Connecticut: 
Oliver Ellsworth; *William Sam. Johnson; *Roger 
Sherman. New York: ^Alexander Hamilton; John 
Lansing, Jr.; Robert Yates. New Jersey: William C. 
Houston; *William Paterson; *David Brearley; *Jona- 
than Dayton; * William Livingston. Pennsylvania: 
*Benjamin Franklin; *Jared Ingersoll; *Thomas Mif- 
flin; ^Thomas Fitzsimmons; "^George Clymer; ^Robert 
Morris; ^Gouverneur Morris; *James Wilson. Dela- 
v/are: *Richard Bassett; *Jacob Broom; *George Read; 
*John Dickinson; *Gunning Bedford, Jr. Maryland: 
*Daniel Carroll; Luther Martin; John Francis Mercer; 
*James McHenry; ^Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer. 
Virginia: George Washington; Edmund Randolph; 
George Mason; George Wythe; James McClurg; *John 
Blair; *James Madison. North Carolina: *William 
Blount; Alexander Martin; *Richard Dobbs Spaight; 
*Hugh Williamson; William R. Davie. South Caro- 
lina: ^Charles Pinckney; *Pierce Butler; *Charles 
Cotesworth Pinckney; *John Rutledge. Georgia: 
*William Few; William Pierce; *Abraham Baldwin; 
William Houston. 

William Jackson, Secretary. 



* The names marked with an asterisk are those of actual 
signers of the Constitution. 

3Q 



TABLET I. 

Sovereigns of Great Britain. James I. to 
George IV. 1 603-1 830. 

OBVERSE. Autographs: James I., under portraits 
of Elizabeth and James I.; Charles L, Oliver Cromwell, 
with portraits; Charles II., James II., with portraits; 
William III., Anne (two autographs), with portraits; 
George I., George II., with portraits; George III., 
George IV., with portraits. 

REVERSE. Seals of James I. and of the four 
Georges. Portraits (right to left): Shakespeare; Buck- 
ingham; Raleigh; Bacon; Hampden; Edward VI.; 
Mary; Strafford; William IV.; Victoria; Wren; Wal- 
pole; Newton; Marlborough; Chatham; Charles Ed- 
ward. 

TABLET II. 

Sovereigns of France. Henry of Navarre to 
Louis Philippe. 1 589-1848. 

OBVERSE. Autographs: Henry of Navarre, Louis 
XIII., with portraits; Louis XIV., Louis XV., with 
portraits; Louis XVI., Buonaparte, with portraits; 
Louis XVIII. , Charles X., with portraits; Louis 
Philippe, with portrait. 

REVERSE. Portrait: Louis XIII. Medallions of 
Josephine and Napoleon (emperor). Seals of Buona- 
parte, first consul, of Louis XIII. and of Louis XIV. 

TABLET III. 

King and Parliament. 1775. 

Note. The names below embrace only the mate- 
rial in cut signatures at hand at the time the tablet 
was prepared. Interesting letters, with signatures of 
Burke, and of the other distinguished members of both 
houses of Parliament at the period treated, are to be 
found in the general collection. 

OBVERSE. Portraits: John Wilkes; Lord Dart- 
mouth; Edmund Burke; Lord Camden; Colonel Barre; 

30 



Chatham [monument, Westminster Abbey] ; Edward 
Gibbon. Autographs: George III.; Duke of Richmond; 
William Pitt, Lord Chatham; Thomas Townshend; 
Charles Townshend; Lord Camden; Lord Dartmouth; 
Thomas Pownall [royal governor 1757-60] ; John 
Wilkes; Lord Thurlow; Lord Loughborough, 

REVERSE. Letter press: Relative to the siege of 
Quebec, with old view of Point Levi; Proceedings in 
Parliament; Biographical notes; Reference to a "Tragic 
Comedy of Five Acts," based on the action of England 
against America, published in Philadelphia, in 1776. 

TABLET IV. 

British Premiers. 1759 to 1800. 

OBVERSE. Portraits: Lord North; Augustus 
Henry, Duke of Grafton; Charles, Marquis of Rock- 
ingham; William Pitt; George Grenville; Fox; Pitt 
[1759-1806]; Burke; Sheridan. Autographs: Holies 
Newcastle, Duke of Newcastle; William Pitt, Lord 
Chatham; Earl Bute; George Grenville; Lord Rock- 
ingham; Duke of Grafton; Lord North; Lord Shel- 
burne; Duke of Portland; William Pitt, Lord Chatham. 

REVERSE. Prints: Death of General Wolfe; Me- 
dallion, Adam Smith; Medallion struck in honor of 
Lord North; Remains of Pitt's statue. Letter press: 
Extracts relative to Parliamentary proceedings in 1774, 
on American affairs; Account of the reception in New 
York of the news of the repeal of the Stamp act; Bio- 
graphical notes; Caricatures of Pitt. 

TABLET V. 
British Generals in Chief. 1 755-1 783. 

OBVERSE. Portraits: General Wolfe; Sir Henry 
Clinton; Sir Guy Carleton; General Wolfe (as shown 
on Putnam's tavern sign); Lord Amherst. Prints: 
Wolfe and Montcalm's monument, with text of in- 
scription; Plan of Fort Edward. Autographs: Edward 
Braddock; William Shirley; Earl Loudoun; James 
Wolfe; Lord Amherst; James Abercromby; Sir 
Thomas Gage; Sir William Howe; Sir Henry Clinton; 
Sir Guy Carleton. 

31 



REVERSE. Letter press: Extracts relative to the 
campaigns in Canada, 1757-59; The assault on Quebec, 
with print of Wolfe's monument, and of the citadel; 
Biographical notes. 



TABLET VI. 
In the French War. 1 756-1 759. 

OBVERSE. Portrait: Sir William Johnson, with 
picture of Johnson's Hall, and biographical note [at 
foot of frame] with picture of Fort Johnson. Prints: 
The ruins of the citadel of Fort George; Rogers's 
Rock; Oswego in 1755; Fort Miller fording-place; 
Morris's house; Major Israel Putnam in British uni- 
form; Bloody Run. Autographs: Sir William John- 
son; Sir Guy Johnson; General John Bradstreet; John 
Stark; Robert Rodgers; Seth Pomeroy; Colonel Eph- 
raim Williams. 

REVERSE. Letter press: Relative to Governor 
Shirley's march to Oswego, and works there, with 
picture of the forts; Biographical notes. 

TABLET VIL 
Governors of New Hampshire. 1 680-1 829. 

OBVERSE. Prints: Death of Major Waldron, 
1689; Mason's title disputed. Seal, 1692. Autographs: 
John Cutt; Richard Waldron; Edward Cranfield; Wal- 
ter Barefoote (two autographs, one with signature also 
of Robert Mason, a prominent man of affairs) ; Joseph 
Dudley; John Usher; William Partridge; Samuel Al- 
len; Benning Wentworth; John Wentworth; Mesheck 
Weare; John Langdon; John Sullivan; Josiah Bartlett; 
John Taylor Gilman; Jeremiah Smith; William 
Plumer; Samuel Bell; Levi Woodbury; David Law- 
rence Morril; Benjamin Pierce; John Bell. 

REVERSE. Commission dated 1778, bearing auto- 
graph of Governor Mesheck Weare, and E. Thomp- 
son, secretary, with State seal. 

32 



TABLET VIII. 

Governors of Massachusetts. 1 629-1 774. 

OBVERSE. Portraits: Endecott; Winthrop. Print: 
Old Province House, Boston. Autographs: John Win- 
throp; Thomas Dudley; John Endecott; John Haynes 
[fac-simile] ; Sir Henry Vane; Richard Bellingham; 
Richard Russell;^ John Leverett; Simon Bradstreet; 

1 Not a governor. 
Edmund Andros; Sir William Phips; William Stougli- 
ton [acting governor] ; Bellomont; Joseph Dudley; Wil- 
liam Tailer [acting governor]; Samuel Shute; William 
Dummer [acting governor]; William Burnet; Jonathan 
Belcher; William Shirley; Spencer Phips [acting gov- 
ernor]; Thomas Pownall; Thomas Hutchinson; Sir 
Francis Bernard; Thomas Gage. 

REVERSE. Portrait: Simon Bradstreet. 

TABLET IX. 
Governors of Massachusetts. 1 780-1865. 

OBVERSE. Print: Old State House, Boston. 
Autographs: John Hancock, James Bowdoin, with 
portraits; Samuel Adams, Increase Sumner, with por- 
traits; Caleb Strong; James Sullivan; Christopher 
Gore; Elbridge Gerry; John Brooks; William Eustis; 
Levi Lincoln; John Davis; Edward Everett; Marcus 
Morton; George N. Briggs; George S. Boutwell; John 
H. Clifford; Emory V/ashburn; Henry J. Gardner; 
Nathaniel P. Banks; John A. Andrew. 

REVERSE. Letter press: Resolves of the Massa- 
chusetts House of Representatives, May 5, 1777, look- 
ing toward the formation of the State Constitution. 
(Broadside.) 

TABLET X. 
Presidents of Harvard College. 1 640-1 868. 

OBVERSE. Print: Old view of Harvard College. 
Autographs: Henry Dunster; Charles Chauncy; Leon- 
ard Hoar; Urian Oakes [fac-simile] ; John Rogers [fac- 
simile] ; Increase Mather; Samuel Willard; John Lev- 

Z2> 



erett; Benjamin Wadsworth; Edward Holyoke; Samuel 
Locke; Samuel Langdon; Joseph Willard; Samuel Web- 
ber; John T. Kirkland; Josiah Quincy; Edward Everett; 
Jared Sparks; James Walker; Cornelius C. Felton; 
Thomas Hill. 

REVERSE. Portrait: Edward Everett, with seal. 

TABLET XL 

Some of the [Massachusetts] Clergy. [On 
Obverse.] 

Print: Old picture of Eliot and the Indians. Ex- 
tract from the Diary of John Eliot (MS.), 1677. 
Autographs: John Cotton; John Wilson; Cotton 
Mather; Samuel Willard; Samuel Mather; Benjamin 
Wadsworth; James Allen; Thomas Prince; Benjamin 
Colman; Peter Thacher; William Cooper; Thomas 
Cheever; Ebenezer Pemberton; Christopher Bridge; 
Andrew Le Mercier [pastor of the French Church in 
Boston]; P. Daille; Thomas Foxcroft; John Webb; 
Samuel Myles; Elisha Callender. 

Clerical and Literary. [On Reverse.] 

Autographs: Thomas Bridges; Joshua Gee; Charles 
Chauncy; Roger Price; Joseph Sewall; Robert Sande- 
man; Nathaniel Emmons; Timothy Cutler; Mather 
Byles; Ezra Stiles; Eleazer Wheelock, Presidt. of Dart- 
mouth College; John Wheelock; George R. Minot; 
Royall Tyler; Isaiah Thomas; Mercy Warren; Joseph 
Priestley; Matthew Carey; Nathaniel Bowditch; Wash- 
ington Irving; William E. Channing; William Cullen 
Bryant; George Bancroft; John Pierpont; William H. 
Prescott; Henry Ware, Jr.; James Savage; Richard H. 
Dana, Jr.; Francis Lieber. 

TABLET XII. 

Speakers of the [Massachusetts] House of 
Deputies. [On Obverse.] 

Note. Of the autographs below, those from Ha- 
thorne to Saffin are of speakers of the House under 

34 



the first charter; those from Oakes to Townshend, dur- 
ing the usurpation under Dudley and Andros, May, 
i686-April, 1689, and during the Provincial Government 
assembled June, 1689; those from Bond to Clark, under 
the second charter. 

Autographs: William Hathorne; Robert Keayne [fac- 
simile] ; Robert Bridges; Joseph Hills; Richard Russell; 
Daniel Denison; Daniel Gookin; Humphrey Atherton; 
Edward Johnson; Thomas Savage; Thomas Clarke 
[with a seal]; John Leverett; Richard Waldron; Joshua 
Hobart [fac-simile] ; Peter Buikeley; John Richards; 
Daniel Fisher; Elisha Cooke; John Wayte; Isaac Ad- 
dington; John Saffin; Thomas Oakes; John Bowles [fac- 
simile] ; Penn Townsend; William Bond [also a speaker 
under the provincial government, chosen May 4, 1692] ; 
Nathaniel Byfield; Nehemiah Jewett; James Converse; 
John Burrill; John Leverett; Thomas Oliver; John 
Clark. 

Speakers of the [Massachusetts] House of 
Representatives. [On Reverse.] 

Portraits: James Otis; John Hancock. Autographs : 
Timothy Lindall; William Dudley; John Quincy; John 
Hobson; Paul Dudley [elected, but negatived by the 
governor, 1739]; Ebenezer Pomeroy; Samuel Watts; 
William Faierfeild; Thomas Gushing; Thomas Hutch- 
inson; Joseph D wight; Thomas Hubbard; Samuel 
White; James Otis; Timothy Ruggles; Thomas Clapp 
[speaker pro tem., chosen June, 1764] ; James Otis [jr.] ; 
John Hancock; James Warren; Thomas Gushing; Sam- 
uel Freeman; William Cooper; Timothy Danielson; 
Tristram Dalton; Robert Treat Paine; John Pitts; John 
Pickering. 

TABLET XIII. 

Some of the [Massachusetts] Court of Assist- 
ants. [On Obverse.] 

Portraits: Endecott; Winthrop. Autographs: John 
Endecott [served 1630-34. 1636-40. 1645-48] ; Simon 
Bradstreet [1630-78]; Richard Bellingham [1636-39. 
1642-52]; Samuel Symonds [1643-72]; Francis Wil- 

35 



loughby [1650-Si. 1664]; Thomas Wiggin [1650-64]; 
Daniel Gookin [1652-75. 1677-86]; Daniel Denison 
[1653-75. 1677-82]; Simon Willard [1654-75]; Hum- 
phrey Atherton [1654-61] ; Thomas Danforth [1659-78] ; 
William Hathorne [1662-79]; John Leverett [1665-70]- 
John Pynchon [1665-86] ; Edward Tyng [1668-80] ; Wil- 
liam Stoiighton [1671-86]; Thomas Clarke [1673-77]; 
Joseph. Dudley [1676-83]; Nathaniel Saltonstall [1679- 
86]; Humphrey Davie [1679-86]; James Russell [1680- 
86]; Samuel Noweil [1680-86]; John Hull [1680-83]; 
Bartholomew Gedney [1680-83] ; Thomas Savage [1680- 
81]; William Browne [1680-83]; Richard Saltonstall 
[1681-82]; Samuel Appleton [1681-86]; Robert Pike 
[1682-86]; John Woodbridge [1683-84]; William John- 
son [1684-86] ; John Hathorne [1684-86] ; Elisha Hutch- 
inson [1684-86]; John Smith [1686]; John Phillips; 
Oliver Purchis [1685, elected but declined]; Samuel 
Cobbett.' 

Inter-charter Judiciary. [On Reverse.] 

Note. The inter-charter period: from the over- 
throw of the first charter in 1684, through the Andros 
government, 1686-89, to the grant of the new charter of 
1691. 

Portrait: Stoughton. Autographs : William Stough- 
ton; John Pynchon; Wait [Wait Still] Winthrop; Ed- 
ward Randolph; Richard Wharton; John Usher; John 
Richards; Simon Lynde; Joseph Dudley; Peter Bul'ke- 
ley; Samuel Shrimpton; John Palmer [fac-simile] ; John 
West; Robert Mason; Bartholomew Gedney; John 
Hinckes; Francis Nicholson; John Walley; Charles 
Lidget; Nathaniel Byfield; Benjamin Bullivant, James 
Graham, George ffarwell, attorney generals; James 
Sherlock, sheriff. 

TABLET XIV. 

Superior Court of Judicature. 1 692-1 775. 

[On Obverse.] 

Portraits: Oliver; Lynde; Stoughton; Sewall. 
Print: Old Town and Court House [Old State 

^ Not an assistant. 

36 



House]. Autographs: William Stoughton; Thomas 
Danforth; Wait [Wait Still] Winthrop; John Richards; 
Samuel Sewall; Elisha Cooke; John Walley; Isaac Ad- 
dington; John Saffin; John Hathorne; John Leverett; 
Jonathan Corwin; Benjamin Lynde; Nathaniel Thomas; 
Addington Davenport; Paul Dudley; Edmund Quinsey; 
John Gushing; Jonathan Remington; Richard Salton- 
stall; Stephen Sewall; Thomas Greaves; Nathaniel 
Hubbard; Benjamin Lynde; John Gushing; Chambers 
Russell; Thomas Hutchinson; Peter Oliver; Edmund 
Trowbridge; Foster Hutchinson; Nathaniel Ropes; 
William Gushing; Jedediah Foster;^ William Browne. 

Supreme Judicial Court. 1 775-1860. [On 
Reverse.] 

Portraits: John Adams; Theophilus Parsons; Lem- 
uel Shaw. Autographs: John Adams; William Gush- 
ing; Nathaniel Peaslee Sargeant; William Read; Robert 
Treat Paine; James Warren; Jedediah Foster; David 
Sewall; James Sullivan: Francis Dana; Robert Treat 
Paine; Increase Sumner; Thomas Dawes; Nathan Gush- 
ing; Theophilus Bradbury; Samuel Sewall; Simeon 
Strong; George Thacher; Theodore Sedgwick; The- 
ophilus Parsons; Isaac Parker; Gharles Jackson; Daniel 
Dewey; Samuel Putnam; Samuel S. Wilde; Levi Lin- 
coln; Marcus Morton; Lemuel Shaw; Gharles A. 
Dewey; Samuel Hubbard; Gharles E. Forbes; Theron 
Metcalf; Richard Fletcher; George Tyler Bigelow; 
Galeb Gushing; Benjamin F. Thomas; Pliny Merrick; 
E. Rockwood Hoar. 

TABLET XV. 

Court which tried the Witches. 1692. [On 
Obverse.] 

Note. Governor Sir William Phips issued a Com- 
mission to certain persons, constituting them a Court 
of Oyer and Terminer, for the purpose of trying per- 
sons charged with Witchcraft. The court opened in 
Salem the first week in June, 1692^ 

1 Not a judge of the court. 

37 



Portrait: Stoughton. Autographs: William Stough- 
ton; Nathaniel Saltonstall; Jonathan Corwin; John 
Richards; Bartholomew Gedney; Wait [Wait Still] 
Winthrop; Samuel Sewall; Peter Sergeant; Thomas 
Newton. 

Judges and Judge-Advocates in Admiralty. 
1700-1775. [On Reverse.] 

Portrait: James Otis, Jr. Autographs: Wait [Wait 
Still] Winthrop; John Phillips;^ William Atwood; 
Thomas Newton; Roger Mompesson; Nathaniel By- 
field; James Menzeis; Robert Auchmuty; Nathaniel 
Hubbard; Chambers Russell; George Cradock; Wil- 
liam Read; Robert Auchmuty; Benjamin Lynde; John 
Valentine; William Shirley; William Bollan; James 
Otis; Robert Auchmuty; John Sewall; Samuel Fitch. 

TABLET XVI. 

Attorney Generals. 1 692-1863. [On Ob- 
verse.] 

Portraits: Sullivan; Choate. Autographs: Anthony 
Checkley; Paul Dudley; Thomas Newton; John Over- 
ing; Addington Davenport, jr. [chosen attorney gen- 
eral in 1720 and again in 1723, but it is not certain that 
he acted]; John Read; William Brattle; Jeremiah Grid- 
ley; James Otis; W. Sever"; Edmund Trowbridge; 
Jonathan Sewall; Samuel Quincy [appointed solicitor 
general to succeed Sewall]; Robert Treat Paine; James 
Sullivan; Barnabas Bidwell; Perez Morton; J. T. Aus- 
tin; John H. Clifford; Rufus Choate; Stephen H. Phil- 
lips; Dwight Foster; Chester I. Reed. 

Some Massachusetts Attorneys. 1692-1850. 
[On Reverse.] 

Note. The autographs below are of persons classi- 
fied as attorneys by authority which seemed to be suf- 
ficient at the time of the preparation of this tablet. 

1 Not a judge. 

2 Not an attorney general. 

38 



Autographs: Giles Masters; J. Hearne; Oakes An- 
gler ; Nathaniel Newdigate; Isaac Little; Simon Davis; 
Fr. Lawrence; Nathaniel Blagrove; E. Bisbe; Pelham 
Winslow; Joseph Marion; Sampson S. Blowers; Ben- 
jamin Kent; John Sprague; Edward Pope; James 
Hovey; Daniel Farnham; Joseph Dudley; Robert Rob- 
inson; Richard Dana; Daniel Leonard; B. Gridley; 
Andrew Cazneau; William Pynchon; A. Willard; Seth 
Padelford; Samuel Swift; Jona. Mason; Isaac Mans- 
field; Shearja. Bourne; Moses Bliss; William Langdon; 
Benjamin Lincoln; R. G. Amory; Dudley A. Tyng; 
Christopher Gore; John Lowell; Harrison G. Otis; 
Samuel Dexter; William Tudor; Caleb Strong; George 
R. Minot; Timothy Bigelow; Thomas O. Selfridge; 
John Davis; William Prescott; Samuel Hoar, Jr.; Lev- 
erett Saltonstall; Benjamin Rand; Joseph Bell; Charles 
G. Loring; Franklin Dexter; Robert Rantoul, Jr.; 
Charles Sumner; Charles Pelham Curtis. 

TABLET XVII. 

Secretaries of State in Massachusetts. 1630- 
1846. [On Obverse.] 

Portraits: Samuel Adams; General Benjamin Lin- 
coln. Autographs: Simon Bradstreet; Increase Nowell; 
Robert Bridges [with John Endecott's signature] ; Ed- 
ward Rawson; Edward Randolph; John West [deputy 
secretary] ; Isaac Addmgton; Joseph Marion [pro tem,] ; 
Joseph Hiller; Samuel Woodward [fac-simile] ; Josiah 
Willard; Simon Frost [pro tem.]; Andrew Oliver 
Thomas Clarke [pro tem.] ; Thomas Flucker; John Cot- 
ton [pro tem.]; Benjamin Lincoln; Joseph Palmer [pro 
tem.]; Ichabod Goodwin; Samuel Freeman; Isaac 
Stone, Jr.; John Pigeon; James Warren [pro tem.]; 
William Cooper; Perez Morton [pro tem.]; Samuel 
Adams [qualified Aug., 1775, and designated Mr. Mor- 
ton his deputy] ; John Lowell [pro tem.] ; John Aver3\ 

Massachusetts in the Congress of 1765. [At 
New York.] [On Reverse.] 

Note. The Congress of 1765, otherwise the famous 
Stamp Act Congress. This body adopted a Declara- 

39 



tion of Rights and Grievances of the Colonies; an ad- 
dress to the king; a memorial to the House of Lords, 
and a petition to the House of Commons. "For a clear, 
accurate, and calm statement," says Judge Chamber- 
lain in the Narrative and Critical History of America, 
"these papers were never surpassed; nor, until the ap- 
pearance of the Declaration of Independence, was any 
advance made from the ground taken in them." Among 
other men composing the Congress, who became cele- 
brated during the Revolution, were Johnson and Dyer 
of Connecticut, the Livingstons of New York, McKean 
and Rodney of Delaware, Tilghman of Maryland, Dick- 
inson of Pennsylvania, Rutledge, Gadsden and Lynch 
of South Carolina. Timothy Ruggles, better known 
as Brigadier Ruggles, although the president of the 
Congress, did not concur in its action, and finally be- 
came a pronounced Loyalist. The Congresses of 1774 
and 1775, and the Constitutional Convention of 1787, 
at Philadelphia, are seen on the four great Documents 
above the Tablets. 

Autographs: S. Welles; John Chandler; Thomas 
Hutchinson; Oliver Partridge; John Worthington; 
James Otis; Timothy Ruggles. 

TABLET XVIII. 
Miscellaneous. 

OBVERSE. Autographs: Nathaniel Morton [histo- 
rian] ; George Cartwright [of the Commission in 1665] ; 
Robert Carr [of the Commission in 1665]; Governor 
Robert Nicolls [Nichols] [Commission, 1665]; Samuel 
Mavericke [Commission, 1665]; John West [Deputy 
Secretary under Andros] ; Edward Randolph [Secretary 
under Andros]; Major-General Daniel Gookin; Samuel 
Green [printer]; Edv/ard Mitchelson; Thomas Savage; 
Edward Rawson [Secretary of the Mass. Col., 1650, to 
the abrogation of the first charter] ; Thomas Danforth 
[Deputy Governor of Mass., 1679-86] ; Samuel Symonds 
[Deputy Governor, 1673-78] ; John Carver [perhaps of 
Duxbury, but not the Governor of Plymouth Col.]; 
John Worthington; Samuel Welles [Convention of 
1754]; Adam Winthrop; Thomas Hinckley [Governor, 
Plymouth Col., 1681-92] ; Winthrop Hilton [of New 

40 



Hampshire]; Dr. Zabdiel Boylston; Josiali Franklin 
[chandler, father of Benjamin Franklin] ; Jeremy Dum- 
mer; Thomas Hancock; Thomas Hubbard; Ezekiel 
Hersey; General John Winslow; Thomas L. Winthrop 
[Lieut. Governor Mass., 1826-32]; Joseph Story; Gov- 
ernor Thomas Hutchinson; John Chandler [Conven- 
tion of 1754]. 

REVERSE. Letter press: Relative to Puritan set- 
tlements, with ancient map of Massachusetts Bay; Fac- 
oine tree shilling, and of the first American paper 
simile of hand- writing of Pilgrims; Fac-simile of the 
money. 

TABLET XIX. 

In the Continental Congress. 1 774-1 789. 

OBVERSE. Picture of Continental Congress. Por- 
traits: John Adams; Samuel Adams. Autographs: John 
Adams; Samuel Adams; Thomas Gushing; John Han- 
cock; Robert Treat Paine; Elbridge Gerry; James Lov- 
ell; Francis Dana; Rufus King; Theodore Sedgwick; 
Samuel A. Otis; George Thatcher [Thacher] ; Samuel 
Holten; George Partridge; Samuel Osgood; Artemas 
Ward; Jonathan Jackson; John Lowell; James Sulli- 
van; Nathaniel Gorham; Stephen Higginson; Nathan 
Dane. 

REVERSE. Portrait: John Hancock. 

TABLET XX. 
Senators from Massachusetts. 1 789-1849. 

OBVERSE. Picture of the old capitol. Autographs: 
Caleb Strong; Tristram Dalton; George Cabot; Theo- 
dore Sedgwick; Samuel Dexter [this signature is of the 
father]; Benjamin Goodhue; Jonathan Mason; Dwight 
Foster; John Quincy Adams; James Lloyd, Jr.; Timo- 
thy Pickering; J. B. Varnum; Christopher Gore; Har- 
rison G. Otis; Prentiss Mellen; E. H. Mills; Eli F. 
Ashmun; Nathaniel Silsbee; Daniel Webster; J. Davis; 
Isaac C. Bates; Edward Everett; Rufus Choate. 

REVERSE, Portrait: Daniel Webster. 

41 



TABLET XXI. 

Massachusetts Patriots. 

OBVERSE. Copy, reduced, of a caricature of "Vir- 
tual Representation, I77S-" Prints: Hancock's house; 
the "Old South." Autographs: David Cheever; Isaac 
Lothrop; Elbridge Gerry; Perez Morton; D. Jeffries: 
Henry Hill; Oliver Wendell; William Cooper; Na- 
thaniel Appleton; Joseph Hawley; Jonathan Mason; 
Tosiah Waters; John Winthrop; John Pitts; Henderson 
Inches; William Phillips; Nathaniel Barber; Joseph 
Palmer; Edmund Quincy; James Prescott; John Scol- 
lay. 

REVERSE. Letter press: Action of Virginia on the 
Stamp Act; Patrick Henry's speech, with sketches of 
Patrick Henry and Thomas Jefiferson; Action of Vir- 
ginia in 1776. Prints: Hanover Court House; Great 
seal of Virginia. Autographs: James Otis; General 
John Morin Scott. 

TABLET XXII. 
Some of the LoyaHsts. 

OBVERSE. Prints: Tryon's Palace; Allegorical 
picture, entitled "Reception of the American Loyalists 
in England;" Dunmore's Palace. Portraits: Governor 
Hutchinson; James Rivington. Autographs: Governor 
Thomas Hutchinson; Governor Lord Dunmore; Tim- 
othy Ruggles; Colonel John Dalrymple; Governor 
William Tryon; Oxenbridge Thacher [here by mistake, 
he was a Patriot] ; Governor Francis Bernard; Andrew 
Oliver; William Brattle. 

The above list is very imperfect, including only such names 
as were on hand when the tablet was made up. 

REVERSE. Letter press: Respecting departure of 
Loyalists from Boston; Relative to William Franklin, 
Royal Governor of New Jersey, Governor Tryon, Gov- 
ernor Lord Dunmore, of Virginia, and to other Loyal- 
ist leaders. 



42 



TABLET XXIII. 

The Court and Counsel who tried Captain 
Preston and Soldiers. 

Note. Captain Preston was tried Oct. 27, 1770, and 
William Wemms and others, soldiers of the 29th Regi- 
ment of Foot, were tried Nov. 27, 1770, for the murder 
of Crispus Attucks and others, March 5, 1770, called the 
Boston Massacre. 

The plate on the obverse and the engraving on the 
reverse were both made by Paul Revere, and their dif- 
ference is the result of the demands of pictorial repre- 
sentation, 

OBVERSE. PAUL REVERE'S PLAN OF THE 
SCENE OF THE BOSTON MASSACRE, USED 
AT THE TRIAL. 

REVERSE. Print: Paul Revere's engraving of the 
Massacre. Autographs: Benjamin Lynde; John Cush- 
ing; Peter Oliver; Edmund Trowbridge; Jonathan 
Sewall, attorney general; Samuel Winthrop, clerk; 
Robert Treat Paine, Samuel Quincy, counsel for the 
Crown; John Adams, Josiah Quincy, Jr., Sampson Sal- 
ter Blowers, counsel for the soldiers. 

TABLET XXIV. 
Boston Massacre. 1770. Soldiers' Petition. 

OBVERSE. Addressed, To the Honorable Judges 
of the Superior Court. Asking for their trial at the 
same time with that of their Captain, dated, Goal, Octo- 
ber 24, 1770, signed: Hugh White, James Hartigan, 
Matthew Killroy (his mark). 

REVERSE. Notification of town meeting, March 
12, 1770, to consider, among other matters enumerated, 
"what steps may be further necessary for obtaining a 
particular account of all proceedings relative to the 
Massacre in King street," and "whether the town will 
take any measures that a public monument may be 
erected on the spot where the tragical scene was acted." 
No monument has been erected here, but the site is 
marked by a circle of paving in the streetway near the 

43 



north-easterly corner of State and Exchange streets, 
where the soldiers were drawn up and from which 
they fired on the mob. 

TABLET XXV. 
Some of the Tea Party. 1773. 

Note. The tea party was quite large, and those 
composing it were disguised. For obvious reasons 
their names were concealed for many years, nor is any 
list of them now known with certainty. Those below 
are reputed to have been of the tea party. 

OBVERSE. Portraits: Kennison; Hewes. Auto- 
graphs: Joseph Lee; Paul Revere; Thomas Melvill; 
Edward Procter; Moses Grant; Jonathan Williams. 
Letter press: Incidents of the "tea party," with list of 
those assumed to have been in the party; Copies of 
hand bills. 

REVERSE. Letter press: Historical note on the 
Liberty Tree, with picture; Some facts respecting the 
Continental Lottery of 1776, with fac-simile of ticket; 
The English stamp of 1765; Note on the Province 
House; The Mutiny Act. 

TABLET XXVL 

Committee of Safety. July 13, 1775. 

OBVERSE. Letter press: Letter of the Provincial 
Congress, April 30, 1775; The committee of 1774. Auto- 
graphs: John Hancock; Dr. Benjamin Church, Jr.; 
Richard Devens; Samuel Holten; Joseph Palmer; 
Abraham Watson; Azor Orne; Benjamin Greenleaf; 
Nathan Cushing; Enoch Freeman; B. White. 

REVERSE. Old view of Boston from Dorchester 
Heights; Faneuil Hall, and the ancient Feather Store 
in old Dock Square. 

TABLET XXVIL 
Washington and the Kings. 

OBVERSE. Portraits: Washington; Louis XVL; 
44 



George III. ("figure, usual appearance of the King 
about 1776"); Queen Charlotte, from a print by Wor- 
lidge; Seals of George II. and George III.; Print of 
Great Seal of George III., the purse and Chancellor's 
mace. Autographs: George Washington; George 11. 
of England; Louis XV. of France; George III. of Eng- 
land; Louis XVI. of France. 

REVERSE. Prints: Residence of the Washington 
family; Tomb of the mother of Washington; Site of 
Washington's birthplace; Pohick church; Washington's 
family vault; Ruins of Potomac church; Mt. Vernon; 
Washington's writing-case, sword and staflf; Washing- 
ton's bier; The sarcophagus of Washington; Statue of 
Washington; Arms of the Washington family. 

TABLET XXVIII. 
Patriots of the Revolution. 

Note. The names below, it is evident, are only 
those of a few of the eminent patriots of the Revolu- 
tion, and all the colonies are not represented. 

OBVERSE. Portraits: James Otis, Jr., and grouped 
on either side, J. Rutledge, Henry, Hancock, Adams, 
Trumbull, E. Rutledge. Autographs: John Hancock; 
Josiah Quincy, Jr.; James Otis; Joseph Warren; John 
Adams; Samuel Adams; Thomas Gushing; James War- 
ren; John Langdon; Jonathan Trumbull; John Jay; 
Robert R. Livingston; Robert Morris; George Wash- 
ington; Patrick Henry; Edmund Pendleton; Thomas 
Jefferson; Edward Rutledge. 

REVERSE. Prints: Faneuil Hall, with autograph 
of Peter Faneuil. Letter press: Biographical notes; 
Sketch of Faneuil Hall. 

TABLET XXIX. 
At Lexington and Concord. 1775. 

OBVERSE. Prints: Battle ground at Concord; 
Monument at Lexington; Monument at Concord; 
Colonel Barrett's house; British flag; Plan of the 
movements at Concord; Clark's house, Lexington. 

45 



Portrait: Earl Percy. Autographs: Duke of Northum- 
berland [Lord Percy]; Lt. Colonel Francis Smith; 
John Buttrick; Joseph Hosmer; Paul Revere; James 
Barrett; Thomas Nixon; Timothy Pickering, Jr.; Rev. 
Jonas Clarke. 

REVERSE. Portrait: Jonathan Harrington, at the 
age of ninety, with signature [fac-simile]. Letter press: 
Relative to the encounter at Lexington, and kindred 
matters; Names of the American killed and wounded. 

Note. An original signature of Harrington is in the 
volume devoted to Lexington, Concord and Bunker 
Hill, which forms a part of the general Chamberlain 
Collection. 

TABLET XXX. 
At Bunker Hill. 1775. 

OBVERSE. Portraits: Warren; Putnam; Stark. 
Autographs: Sir William Howe; Major John Small, 
major of brigade and captain in the North British fusil- 
leers; General Joseph Warren; Colonel William Pres- 
cott; General Israel Putnam; General John Stark; 
General Seth Pomeroy; Colonel Richard Gridley; Gen- 
eral Henry Knox. 

REVERSE. Map: Action on Breed's Hill, June 17, 
1775. Autographs: Colonel Henry Jackson; Colonel 
Loammi Baldwin; Colonel J. Brewer; Captain Seth 
Washburn; Paul Dudley Sargent; Colonel John 
Brooks; Colonel Ebenezer Bridge; Colonel John 
Nixon; Captain Hugh Maxwell; Michael McClary. 
Letter press: Incidents of the battle; Biographical notes. 

TABLET XXXL 

First Council of War. 1775. 

OBVERSE. Prints: Washington Medal; Washing- 
ton Elm; Washington's headquarters; View of Charles- 
town in 1775; View of the lines of Boston Neck, from 
an English print, 1777. Portraits: General Joseph Reed; 
General Charles Lee. Autographs: George Washing- 
ton; Artemas Ward; Charles Lee; Israel Putnam [not a 

46 



signature]; John Thomas; Joseph Spencer; John Sulli- 
van; Nathaniel Greene; William Heath; Thomas Mif- 
flin; Joseph Reed. 

REVERSE. Old view of Boston from Dorchester 
Heights; Map of Boston with its environs, 1776; Rox- 
bury Fort. Letter press: Biographical notes. 

The above list is very imperfect, including only such names 
as were on hand when the tablet v.'as made up. 

TABLET XXXII. 
At Ticonderoga. 1775. 

OBVERSE. Prints: Ticonderoga at sunset; Ar- 
nold's residence; Tomb of Ethan Allen. Letter press: 
Biographical note on Ethan Allen. Autographs : Arthur 
St. Clair; Ethan Allen; Seth Warner; Benedict Arnold. 

REVERSE. Letter press: Relative to Crown Point 
and Ticonderoga, and the Green Mountain Boys; The 
attack on Ticonderoga; The evolution of Vermont; 
Biographical notes. 

TABLET XXXIIL 
In Canada. 1 775-1 776. 

OBVERSE. Portraits: General Sullivan; General 
Montgomery; General Wooster; Colonel Willett. 
Prints: Plan of Quebec, upper town; St. John's Gate; 
Place where Arnold was wounded; Montgomery's mon- 
ument; Cape Diamond. Autographs: Governor Fred- 
erick Haldimand; Richard Montgomery; John Sulli- 
van; Benedict Arnold; David Wooster; Philip Schuy- 
ler; Henry Dearborn; Aaron Burr; Marinus Willett; 
Henry Livingston. 

REVERSE. Prints: Fort at Chambly; Montreal 
and its walls in 1760, old French print; Map of the 
route through the wilderness. Letter press: Incidents; 
Biographical notes; Describing the spot where Mont- 
gomery was killed. 

TABLET XXXIV. 
At Stony Point. 1779. 

OBVERSE. Prints: Wayne's residence; Medals; 

47 



Wayne's monument. Portrait: Wayne. Map of Stony 
Point and Verplanck's Point. Letter press: Description 
ot the medals; Biographical note; Anecdotes. Auto- 
graphs: Anthony Wayne: Colonel de Fleury. 

REVERSE. Portrait: Major Andre. Prints: Smith's 
house; Robinson's house; Paulding's monument and 
St. Peter's church; Van Wart's monument; Captors's 
medal; Washington's headquarters at Tappan; Map 
showing the scene of Arnold's Treason. 

TABLET XXXV. 

At Saratoga. 1777. 

OBVERSE. Prints: Medals. Portraits: Armstrong; 
Lamb; Burgoyne; Gates; Morgan. Autographs: Fried- 
rich L [Landgraf] F [Fiirst] Hessen [Duke of Hesse]; 
General John Burgoyne; General William Phillips; 
Baron Riedesel; General Horatio Gates; General Ben- 
jamin Lincoln; General Anthony Wayne; General 
Daniel Morgan; General Enoch Poor; General Joseph 
Cilley; General William Whipple; General William 
Hull; General James Wilkinson; General Henry Dear- 
born; General John Armstrong, Jr. 

REVERSE. Prints: Bemis Heights, with map; The 
battle ground. Letter press: Biographical notes. 

TABLET XXXVL 

In the Southern Campaigns. 1 780-1 781. 

OBVERSE. Portraits: Greene; Moultrie; Lincoln; 
Sumter; Rawdon; Tarleton; Pinckney. Autographs: 
Lord Cornwallis; John Macpherson; Hastings (Lord 
Rawdon, Marquis of Hastings); Banastre Tarleton; 
William Moultrie; Benjamin Lincoln; Horatio Gates; 
Nathaniel Greene; Armand, Marquis de la Rouarie; 
Henry Lee; Thomas Sumter; Daniel Morgan; Otho H. 
Williams; William Smallwood; John Eager Howard; 
Thomas Pinckney; Andrew Pickens. 

REVERSE. Letter press: Biographical notes. 



48 



TABLET XXXVIL 

i\ndre and his Court Martial. 1780. 

OBVERSE. Print: West Point in 1780. Portraits: 
General R.obert Howe; Major Andre; Major Tall- 
madge; Lord Stirling; General Steuben; General Ar- 
nold. Autographs: Benedict Arnold; Alexander Ham- 
ilton; Benjamin Tallmadge; Beverly Robinson; John 
Lamb; Nathaniel Greene; Lord Stirling; Arthur St. 
Clair; Marquis de Lafayette; Robert Howe; Baron 
Steuben; Samuel H. Parsons; James Clinton; Henry 
Knox; John Glover; John Paterson; Edward Hand; 
John Stark; Jedediah Huntington; John Laurance. 

REVERSE. Letter press: Relative to Arnold's Trea- 
son, and the case of Andre; Biographical notes. 

TABLET XXXVIIL 
At Yorktown. 1781. 

OBVERSE. Portraits: Medallion, Washington and 
Lafayette; Rochambeau; Lafayette; Lord Howe; Corn- 
wallis; D'Estaing. Autographs : hord Cornwallis; George 
Washington; Count Rochambeau; Admiral d'Estaing; 
Admiral Lord Howe; Benjamin Lincoln; Lafayette; 
Arthur St. Clair; Alexander Hamilton; Duke de 
Lauzun; Alexander Scammell; Sebastian Bauman. 
Letter press: Biographical notes. 

REVERSE. Portraits: De Lauzun; Count de Bar- 
ras; Baron Viomenil; Deuxponts; Count Mathieu Du- 
mas. Prints: Position of English and French fleets 
previous to the action. Map of the siege of Yorktown, 
October, 1781. View up the river. Picture of the Brit- 
ish surrendering their arms to General Washington 
(1781). 

TABLET XXXIX. 
Naval Commanders. 

OBVERSE. Portraits: Admiral Hopkins; Commo- 
dore Barney; Nicholas Biddle; Commodore Dale; 
Commodore Barry. Autographs: Ezekiel Hopkins; 

49 



Hector McNeil; John Paul Jones; John Barry; John 
F. Williams; Joshua Barney; Alexander Murray; 
Thomas Truxton. 

REVERSE. Prints: The Jersey Prison ship; Ad- 
miralty seal; Map of operations upon Rhode Island in 
1778; First naval flags; American floating battery. 
Letter press: Relative to naval engagements; Biograph- 
ical notes. 

TABLET XL. 
Presidents of the Old Congress. 1 774-1 789. 

OBVERSE. Portraits: Peyton Randolph; John Jay; 
Arthur St. Clair; Thomas Mifliin; Henry Laurens; 
Charles Thomson, secretary. Autographs: Peyton Ran- 
dolph; Henry Middleton [fac-simile] ; John Hancock; 
Henry Laurens; John Jay; Samuel Huntington; 
Thomas McKean; John Hanson; Elias Boudinot; 
Thomas Mifflin; Richard Henry Lee; Nathaniel Gor- 
ham; Arthur St. Clair; Cyrus Griflin; Charles Thom- 
son, secretary. 

REVERSE. Prints: State House at Annapolis; 
Carpenter's Hall; Congress House; State House at 
Philadelphia as it appeared in 1774; Walnut street front 
of Philadelphia State House in 1776, Letter press: Bio- 
graphical notes; Extracts relative to Carpenter's ,Hall, 
and the character of the men who composed the First 
Congress. 

TABLET XLL 

Diplomatists of the Revolution. 

OBVERSE. Portraits: Franklin; Deane; Gerard; 
Count de Vergennes; Livingston. Autographs : Grand; 
Benjamin Franklin; Silas Deane; Arthur Lee; Robert 
H. Livingston; Gerard; J. Necker; De Castries; De 
Vergennes; Saint Germain; Beaumarchais; Leray de 
Chaumont; Henry Laurens. 

REVERSE. Letter press: Biographical notes; Ex- 
tracts relative to various diplomatic proceedings. 

50 



TABLET XLII. 
Presidents of the United States. 1789-1857. 

OBVERSE. Prints: The Capitol; President's house. 
Autographs: George Washington, John Adams, with por- 
traits; Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, with portraits; 
James Monroe, John Quincy Adams, with portraits; An- 
drew Jackson, Martin Van Buren, with portraits; Wil- 
liam Henry Harrison, John Tyler, with portraits; James 
K. Polk, Zachary Taylor, with portraits; Millard Fill- 
more, Franklin Pierce, with portraits. 

REVERSE. Portrait: Washington (with seal). 

TABLET XLIIL 

Washington and his Cabinet. 

OBVERSE. Portraits: Washington; Knox; Hamil- 
ton; Habersham; Pickering. Print: Federal Hall. Offi- 
cial seals of Washington and Knox. Autographs: 
George Washington; Thomas Jefferson [Secretary of 
State]; Edmund Randolph [Attorney General; Secre- 
tary of State] ; Alexander Hamilton [Treasury] ; Oliver 
Wolcott [Treasury] ; Henry Knox [War] ; Timothy 
Pickering [Postmaster General; War; State]; James 
MeHenry [War]; Joseph Habersham [Postmaster 
General]; Samuel Osgood [Postmaster General]; Wil- 
liam Bradford [Attorney General] ; Charles Lee [At- 
torney General]. 

REVERSE. Portraits: Washington; Adams; La- 
fayette; Franklin; Jefferson; Boudinot; Jay; Sherman; 
Hancock; Joel Barlow; Daniel Humphrey [should be 
David Humphreys]; General Clinton; John Dickinson; 
Aaron Ogden; Gouverneur Morris. Prints: Lafayette's 
tomb; Monticello; Schuyler's headquarters. Seal of 
John Adams, 1775. Autographs: John Hancock, 1775; 
John Adams, 1825. Letter Press: Biographical notes; 
Anecdotes of Hamilton. 

TABLET XLIV. 

Washington's Administration. 1789-97. [On 
Obverse.] 

Portrait: Washington. Autographs: George Wash- 

51 



ington; John Adams [Vice President]; Thomas Jeffer- 
son [Secretary of State] ; Edmund Randolph [Attorney 
General; State]; Alexander Hamilton [Treasury]; Oli- 
ver Wolcott [Treasury] ; Henry Knox [War] ; Timothy 
Pickering [Postmaster General; War; State]; James 
McHenry [War]; Samuel Osgood [Postmaster Gen- 
eral]; Joseph Habersham [Postmaster General]; Wil- 
liam Bradford [Attorney General] ; Charles Lee [At- 
torney General]. 

Adams's Administration. 1 797-1801. [On 
Reverse.] 

Portrait: Adams. Autographs: John Adams; Thomas 
Jefferson [Vice-President] ; Timothy Pickering [State] ; 
John JMarshall [State] ; Oliver Wolcott [Treasury] ; 
Samuel Dexter [Treasury; War]; James McHenry 
[War] ; Roger Griswold [War] ; George Cabot [Navy] ; 
Benjamin Stoddert [Navy] ; Joseph Habersham [Post- 
master General]; Charles Lee [Attorney General]. 

TABLET XLV. 

Jefferson's Administration, 1801-1809. [On 
Obverse.] 

Portrait: Jefferson. Autographs: Thomas Jefferson; 
Aaron Burr [Vice-President] ; George Clinton [Vice- 
President] ; James Madison [State] ; Samuel Dexter 
[Treasury] ; Albert Gallatin [Treasury] ; Henry Dear- 
born [War] ; Benjamin Stoddert [Navy] ; Robert Smith 
[Navy]; Jacob Crowninshield [Navy]; Joseph Haber- 
sham [Postmaster General] ; Gideon Granger [Post- 
master General]; Levi Lincoln [Attorney General]; 
John Breckenridge [Attorney General] ; Caesar A. Rod- 
ney [Attorney General]. 

Madison's Administration. 1809-17. [On 
Reverse.] 

Portrait: Madison. Autographs: James Madison; 
George Clinton [Vice-President] ; Elbridge Gerry 

52 



[Vice-President]; Robert Smith [State]; James Mon- 
roe [State; War]; Albert Gallatin [Treasury]; George 
W. Campbell [Treasury] ; Alexander J. Dallas [Treas- 
ury] ; William Eustis [War] ; John Armstrong [War] ; 
William H. Crawford [Treasury]; Paul Hamilton 
[Navy]; William Jones [Navy]; B. W. Crownmshield 
[Navy]; Gideon Granger [Postmaster General]; Re- 
turn J. Meigs [Postmaster General] ; Csesar A. Rodney 
[Attorney General]; William Pinkney [Attorney Gen- 
eral]; Richard Rush [Attorney General]. 

TABLET XLVI. 

IMonroe's Administration. 1817-25. [On 
Obverse.] 

Portrait: James Monroe. Autographs: James Mon- 
roe; Daniel D. Tompkins [Vice-President]; John 
Quincy Adams [State]; William H. Crawford [Treas- 
ury]; George Graham [War]; Isaac Shelby [War]; 
John C. Calhoun [War]; B. W. Crowninshield [Navy]; 
John Rodgers [Navy] ; Smith Thompson [Navy] ; Sam- 
uel L. Southard [Navy] ; Return J. Meigs [Postmaster 
General]; John McLean [Postmaster General]; Rich- 
ard Rush [Attorney General] ; William Wirt [Attorney 
General]. 

Adams's Administration. 1825-29. [On 
Reverse.] 

Portrait: Adams. Autographs: John Quincy Adams; 
John C. Calhoun [Vice-President] ; Henry Clay [State] ; 
Richard Rush [Treasury]; James Barbour [War]; 
Peter B. Porter [War]; Samuel L. Southard [Navy]; 
John McLean [Postmaster General]; William Wirt 
[Attorney General]. 

TABLET XLVIL 

Jackson's Administration. 1829-37. [On 
Obverse.] 

Portrait: Jackson. Autographs: Andrew Jackson; 
John C. Calhoun [Vice-President] ; Martin Van Buren 

53 



[State; Vice-President]; Edward Livingston [State]; 
Louis McLane [Treasury; State; Treasury]; John 
Forsyth [State]; Samuel B. Ingram [Treasury]; Wil- 
liam J. Duane [Treasury] ; Roger B. Taney [Attorney 
General; Treasury] ; Levi Woodbury [Navy; Treasury] ; 
John H. Eaton [War] ; Lewis Cass [War] ; John Branch 
[Navy]; Mahlon Dickerson [Navy]; William T. Barry 
[Postmaster General] ; Amos Kendall [Postmaster Gen- 
eral] ; John McPherson Berrien [Attorney General]; 
Benjamin F. Butler [War; Attorney General]. 

Van Buren's Administration. 1837-41. [On 
Reverse.] 

Portrait: Van Buren. Autographs: Martin Van 
Buren; Richard M. Johnson [Vice-President]; John 
Forsyth [State] ; Levi Woodbury [Treasury] ; Joel R. 
Poinsett [War]; Mahlon Dickerson [Navy]; James K. 
Paulding [Navy] ; Amos Kendall [Postmaster Gen- 
eral] ; John M. Niles [Postmaster General]; Benjamin 
F. Butler [Attorney General] ; Felix Grundy [Attorney 
General]; Henry D. Gilpin [Attorney General], 

TABLET XLVIII. 

Harrison's Administration. 1841. [On Ob- 
verse.] 

Portrait: Harrison. Autographs: William Henry 
Harrison; John Tyler [Vice-President]; Daniel Web- 
ster [State] ; Thomas Ewing [Treasury] ; John Bell 
[War] ; George E. Badger [Navy] ; Francis Granger 
[Postmaster General] ; John J. Crittenden [Attorney 
General]. 

Tyler's Administration. 1841-45. [On Re- 
verse.] 

Portrait: Tyler. Autographs: John Tyler; Daniel 
Webster [State]; Abel P. Upshur [State; Navy]; John 
C. Calhoun [State]; Walter Forward [Treasury]; John 
C. Spencer [Treasury; War]; George M. Bibb [Treas- 

54 



ury] ; James M. Porter [War] ; William Wilkins [War] ; 
David Henshaw [Navy]; Thomas W. Gilmer [Navy]; 
John Y. Mason [Navy]; Charles A. Wickliffe [Post- 
master General] ; Hugh S. Legare [Attorney General] ; 
John Nelson [Attorney General]. 

TABLET XLIX. 

Polk's Administration. 1845-49. [On Ob- 
verse.] 

Portrait: Polk. Autographs: James K. Polk; George 
M. Dallas [Vice-President]; James Buchanan [State]; 
Robert J.Walker [Treasury] ; William L. Marcy [War] ; 
George Bancroft [Navy]; John Y. Mason [Attorney 
General; Navy]; Cave Johnson [Postmaster General]; 
Nathan Clifford [Attorney General] ; Isaac Toucey [At- 
torney General]. 

Taylor's Administration. 1849-50. [On 
Reverse.] 

Portrait: Taylor. Autographs : Zachary Taylor; Mil- 
lard Fillmore [Vice-President] ; John M. Clayton 
[State] ; William M. Meredith [Treasury] ; Thomas 
Corwin [Treasury] ; George W. Crawford [War] ; 
Thomas Ewing [Interior]; William B. Preston [Navy]; 
Jacob Collamer [Postmaster General] ; Reverdy John- 
son [Attorney General]. 

TABLET L. 

Fillmore's Administration. 1850-53. [On 
Obverse.] 

Portrait: Fillmore. Autographs: Millard Fillmore; 
Daniel Webster [State]; Edward Everett [State]; 
Thomas Corwin [Treasury] ; Charles M. Conrad [War] ; 
William A. Graham [Navy] ; Thomas M. T. McKennan 
[appointed, Interior, declined to accept] ; Alexander H. 
H. Stuart [Interior]; John P. Kennedy [Navy]; Na- 
than K. Hall [Postmaster General] ; S. D. Hubbard 
[Postmaster General]; John J. Crittenden [Attorney 
General]. 

55 



Pierce's Administration. 1853-57. [On Re- 
verse.] 

Portrait: Pierce. Autographs: Franklin Pierce; Wil- 
liam R. King [Vice-President] ; William L. Marcy 
[State] ; James Guthrie [Treasury] ; Jefferson Davis 
[War]; James C. Dobbin [Navy]; James Campbell 
[Postmaster General]; Robert McClelland [Interior]; 
Caleb Gushing [Attorney General]. 

TABLET LI. 
Buchanan's Administration. 1857-61. [On 
Obverse.] 

Portrait: Buchanan. Autographs: James Buchanan; 
John C. Breckenridge [Vice-President] ; Lewis Cass 
[State] ; Howell Cobb [Treasury] ; Philip F. Thomas 
[Treasury] ; John A. Dix [Treasury] ; John B. Floyd 
[War]; Isaac Toucey [Navy]; Jacob Thompson [Inte- 
rior] ; Aaron V. Brown [Postmaster General] ; Horatio 
King [Postmaster General] ; Jeremiah S. Black [Attor- 
ney General]; Edwin M. Stanton [Attorney General]. 

Lincoln's Administration. 1861-65. [On 
Reverse.] 

Portrait: Lincoln. Autographs: Abraham Lincoln 
[Autograph also of Mary Lincoln] ; Hannibal Hamlin 
[Vice-President]; William H. Seward [State]; Salmon 
P. Chase [Treasury] ; William Pitt Fessenden [Treas- 
ury] ; Hugh McCulloch [Treasury] ; Simon Cameron 
[War] ; Edwin M. Stanton [War] ; Gideon Welles 
[Navy]; Caleb B. Smith [Interior]; John P. Usher [In- 
terior] ; James Harlan [Interior] ; Edward Bates [At- 
torney General] ; James Speed [Attorney General] ; 
Montgomery Blair [Postmaster General] ; William Den- 
nison [Postmaster General]. 

TABLET LII. 

Judges of the Supreme Court of the United 
States. 

OBVERSE. Portraits: John Jay; Oliver Ellsworth. 
S6 



Autographs: John Jay [Chief Justice 1789-95]; John 
Rutledge [1789-91; Chief Justice I795] ; William Cush- 
ing [1789-1810]; Robert H. Harrison [1789]; James 
Wilson [1789-98]; John Blair [1789-96]; James Iredell 
[1790-99]; Thomas Johnson [1790-93]; William Pater- 
son [1793-1806]; Samuel Chase [1796-1811]; Oliver 
Ellsworth [Chief Justice 1796-1801]; Bushrod Washing- 
ton [1798-1821]; Alfred Moore [1799-1804]; John Mar- 
shall [1801-30]; William Johnson [1804-34]; Thomas 
Todd [1807-26]; B: Livingston [1807-23]; Gabriel 
Duval [1811-34]; Joseph Story [1811-45]; Smith 
Thompson [1823-45]. 

REVERSE. Portraits: John Marshall; Roger B. 
Taney. Autographs: Robert Trimble [1826-29]; John 
McLean [1829-61]; Henry Baldwin [1830-46]; John 
M. Wayne [1835-67]; Roger B. Taney [Chief Justice 
1836-64]; Philip P. Barbour [1836-41]; John Catron 
[1837-65]; John McKinley [1837-52]; Peter V. Daniel 
[1841-60]; Samuel Nelson [1845-1872]; Levi Woodbury 
[1845-51]; Salmon P. Chase [Chief Justice, 1864-1870] ; 
Robert C. Grier [1846-70]; Benjamin R. Curtis [1851- 
57]; James A. Campbell [1853-56]; Nathan Clifford 
[1858-1881]; Noah H. Swayne [1862-1881]; Samuel F. 
Miller [1862-1890]; David Davis [1862-1877]; Stephen 
J. Field [1863- ]; William Strong [1870-1880]; Joseph 
P. Bradley [1870-1892]. 

TABLET LIII. 

Speakers of the House of Representatives of 
the United States. 

OBVERSE. Autographs: William Augustus Muhl- 
enberg; Jonathan Trumbull; Jonathan Dayton; Theo- 
dore Sedgwick; Nathaniel Mason; J.B.Varnum; Henry 
Clay; Langdon Cheves; John W. Taylor; Philip P. Bar- 
bour; A. Stephenson; John Bell; James K. Polk; R. M. 
T. Hunter; John White; J. W. Jones; John W. Davis; 
Robert C. Winthrop; Howell Cobb; Linn Boyd; Na- 
thaniel P. Banks; James L. Orr; William Pennington; 
Galusha A. Grow; Schuyler Colfax. 

REVERSE. Portrait: Henry Clay. 

57 



TABLET LIV. 
Revolutionary Officers. 1 775-1 783. 

Note. The names below are only those of a few 
of equally meritorious ol^cers who would have been 
added had their signatures been in the collection un- 
attached to valuable papers. 

OBVERSE. Portraits: General Muhlenberg; Colo- 
nel Smith; Colonel Barton; General C. C. Pinckney; 
General Gansevoort Autographs: Peter Muhlenberg; 
Rufus Putnam; William Maxwell; Elias Dayton; James 
Thacher; William Barton; Abraham Ten Broeck; John 
Greaton; Charles Scott; Morgan Lewis; Joseph Frye; 
William Grayson; Alexander McDougall; John Whet- 
comb. 

REVERSE. Print: Seal of the Board of War. 
Letter press: Organization of the Board of War and its 
successor, the Secretary of War; Biographical notes. 

TABLET LV. 
Statesmen. [On Obverse.] 

Note. The classification of the group below, and 
of several that follow, has no significance. The names 
are here simply because they were found in the collec- 
tion as mere parts or fragments, or attached to worth- 
less papers. 

Autographs: Lord Erskine, George Canning, with 
portraits; Sir Robert Peel, Lord Melbourne, with por- 
traits; Earl Grey, Duke of Wellington, with portraits; 
Lord Brougham, Daniel O' Council, with portraits; 
Henry Clay, Daniel Webster, with portraits; John C. 
Calhoun, Lewis Cass, with portraits; Silas Wright, Jr., 
Thomas H. Benton, with portraits; Edward Everett, 
William H. Seward, with portraits. 

Statesmen and Others. [On Reverse.] 

Autographs: Samuel Pepys; Earl Danby; Earl Go- 
dolphin; Stephen Fox; Charles Montague; Sir Robert 
Walpole; Middlesex; Henry Fox; Dunk Halifax; Wil- 
liam Wyndham; Lord George Bridges Rodney; Lord 

58 



Edward Pellew; Fisher Ames; DeWitt Clinton; Wil- 
liam Wirt; Jeremiah Mason; Albert Gallatin; William 
H. Crawford; John McLean; Nicholas Biddle; Levi 
Woodbury; John Forsyth; John Bell; James Buchanan; 
James Shields. 

TABLET LVL 
Thomas Gray, of the Elegy. 

OBVERSE. Autograph and Portrait (with piece of 
Gray's writing) on title page of the Bibliotheque His- 
torique de la France. 

REVERSE. Letter press: Biographical sketch. 

TABLET LVIL 

Some of the Continental Congress. 1774- 
1789. 

Note. See note to Tablet LV. 

OBVERSE. Old print of the Congress. Autographs: 
John Sullivan; Nathaniel Folsom; Thomas Gushing; 
Robert Treat Paine; Stephen Hopkins; Samuel Ward; 
Roger Sherman; John Jay; Philip Livingston; John 
Alsop; William Floyd; Henry Wisner; Francis Lewis; 
David Ramsay; Ralph Izard; John Lewis Gervais; 
James Kinsey; William Livingston; Stephen Crane; 
Thomas Mifflin; Joseph Galloway; John Morton; 
Thomas McKean; Samuel Chase; Caesar Rodney; 
Richard Smith; Isaac Low; Benjamin Harrison; Na- 
than Dane; Samuel A. Otis; Nathaniel Peabody. 

REVERSE. Letter press: Articles of Association, 
etc., adopted in Congress, October 20, 1774, with sig- 
natures. 

TABLET LVIIL 
Seals of Eminent Persons. 

Note. The seals on this and the followmg Tablets 
are arranged without classification, excepting by size 
and color. 

OBVERSE. Rev. William Bell, prebendary of West- 
minister; Dr. Thomas Raffles, of Liverpool; Edward 

59 



Livingston, Secretary of State, President Jackson'.s ad- 
ministration; Jacob Bryant, author of ''Ancient My- 
thology;" Dr. Benjamin Heath, Fellow of Eton College; 
Rev. Michael Tyson,^ "Ode to Peace;" Rev. William 
Gilpin, "Essay on Prints;" James Buchanan, President 
of the United States; Rev. Thomas Kerrich, University 
of Cambridge; Rev. Thomas Percy, D.D., "Percy's 
Reliques;" John Singleton Copley, painter; James 
Montgomery, poet; John Marshall, Chief Justice of the 
United States, 1801-36; William H. Seward, Secretary 
of State, Lincoln's and Johnson's administrations; Dr. 
John Griscom, Professor of Rutgers Medical College; 
Rev. Horace Holley, D.D., President of Transylvania 
University, Ky.; Anna Letitia Barbauld, author; Rev. 
Michael Tyson;" George Prettyman, D.D., Bishop of 
Winchester; Cyril Jackson, D.D., Dean of Oxford; 
Andrew Stevenson, minister to England, 1836-41 ; 
Thomas Gaisford, Dean of Christ Church; Rev. Thomas 
Drake, F. S. A.; C. M. Sutton, D.D., Archbishop of 
Canterbury; L. Bagot, D.D., Bishop of Norwich; John 
Saffin, Massachusetts Judge, 1700; General James War- 
ren, of Plymouth, Revolutionary Patriot; Rev. Thomas 
Drake,' F. S. A.; Rev. William Howley, D.D., Bishop 
of London; Timothy Pickering, Secretary of War, 1794, 
Washington's administration, afterward Secretary of 
State; George L, of England; Sir William Johnson, 
New York; Seal of Albany, 1752; Richard Rush, 
Minister to England, 1817-25; Samuel Dexter, Secre- 
tary of War, 1800, Adams's administration. 

REVERSE. C. J. Loudon, botanist; James Sher- 
lock, Sheriff in 1687; John Randolph, father of John of 
Roanoke; Henry Nelson Coleridge, author; Capell 
Lofft,^ lawyer, editor, author of "Anthology of Son- 
nets;" Rev. John Mitford, editor and poet; Dr. John 
Torrey, botanist and chemist; Robert Treat Paine, 
signer of the Declaration of Independence; Duke of 
Wellington, as Prime Minister; John Gushing, Judge, 
1747-1771; Major John Cartwright, political reformer; 
James Northcote, sculptor; R. R. Gurley, philanthro- 
pist; Peter Oliver, Chief Justice, Massachusetts, 1772- 
75; Martin Madan, D.D., "Letter to Dr. Priestley;" 
Hon. Daines Barrington, statesman and naturalist; Dr. 

1 Two seals, of different patterns. 
- Duplicate. 

60 



Benjamin Silliman, of Yale College; Thomas Percy, 
D.D., "Percy's Reliques;" Bishop James Madison, of 

William and Mary College; Anderson; Rev. 

Dr. Charles Lowell, of Boston, West Church; Rev. 
George Costard, "History of Armstrong;" Dr. Thomas 
Percy, D.D.;' James D. Dunham, "Christianity the 
Friend of Man;" Capell Lofift,^ lawyer and editor; 
Rev. Michael Tyson ;^ Thomas Moore, poet; Michael 
Lort, D.D.,^ Greek professor, Cambridge; St. George 
Tucker, "Life of Jefferson;" Michael Lort, D.D.;' 
Thomas Percy, D.D.;" William Wirt, Attorney Gen- 
eral, Monroe's administration; Thomas Pownall, Gov- 
ernor, Massachusetts, 1757-60; Professor Samuel F. B. 
Morse, founder of the American system of electro- 
mxagnetic telegraph; George Stevens, Shakespearian 
scholar. 

TABLET LIX. 
Seals of Eminent Persons. 

OBVERSE. John Gibson; David M. Moir; Bishop 
Heber; Dr. Charles Beck; Douglas Jerrold; Major 
Agnew; David Maclise; Dr. Charles Beck; Lord 
Brougham; Lord Schuckbright;' Westmacott, artist 
Earl Haddington; Sir George Gray; Sir Robert Peel 
Dr. McCrie; Sir John Sinclair; Sir Francis Head 

Schmidt; Rev. Edward Nares; Rev. Rowland 

Hill; Richard Peters; Mr. Justice Willes; William 
Pickering, publisher; Earl Dalhousie; Robert C. Win- 
throp; Joseph Cottle; Lord Schuckbright;' Leverett 
Saltonstall; Mr. Justice Vaughan; Dr. Aaron Bancroft; 
George H.; John Cotton Smith. 

REVERSE. Victoria; Alaric A. Watts; Daniel 
Webster; Alexander H. Everett; Gneismann; Sir Henry 
Torrens; Henry Clay; Lord Collingwood; Governor 
George Coleston; Allenstein; Edward Livingston; Jo- 
siah Quincy, 3d; Count Bruhl; John Flaxman; Lord 
Nelson; Alarshal Victor; Xavier; Sir John Graham; 
Schuyler Colfax; Lord Donerail; Von Hardenberg; 

1 Two seals, of diflFerent patterns. 

- Three seals (one on the obverse), of different patterns. 

2 Duplicate of second seal of Tyson, on Tablet L\'III, ob- 
verse. 

61 



Marshal Oudinot; Louis XVIII. ; Johane; Hannah 
More; Prince August; Lord Canning; George I.; Com- 
modore John Rogers; Marshal Jourdan. 

TABLET LX. 
Seals of Eminent Persons. 

OBVERSE. Lord Melbourne; Savigny; Mr. Justice 
John B. Byles; Frederick William, of Prussia; Lord 
Macaulay; James Steel; Sir William Grant; George 
Bancroft; Governor Edward Winslow; Earl Hadding- 
ton; Bishop Wainvvright; Canova, sculptor; Mr. Justice 
Wines, 1840; Benjamin Franklin; Fiirth; William Play- 
fair; Alexander v. Humboldt; Dr. N. W. Appleton; Sir 
William Drummond; Lord Bolingbroke, 1715; Moltke, 
civilian; Sir Edmund Head; Abbe Barthelemy; Rev. T. 
R. Malthus; Sir Walter Scott; John Joseph, Saxony; 
Lord Maberley; Lord Macaulay; Sir John Sinclair; 
Lord John Russell. 

REVERSE. Wellington; Sir Edward Coke; Con- 
yers Middleton; Robert Mason, New Hampshire, 1680; 
Diderot; William E. Burton; Fenelon; Henry Howard, 
artist; George Rose; W. H. Ainsworth; Leonard 
Woods, Jr.; Wellington;^ Turner, painter; Henry Kirk 
White; Schleirmacher; Lord Gambier; Reichenbach; 
Richard Varick; Paul Barras; Byfalk; Zollius; Alex- 
ander Chalmers; Lady Charlotte Bury; Professor God- 
dard. Brown University; Von Nagler; Sir W. Hamil- 
ton; Jonathan Williams, Jr.; Francis Dana, Jr.; John 
Pierpont; Josiah Tucker, Dean of Gloucester; Liv- 
ingston; Colonel John Laurens; Earl Charlemont; Jo- 
seph T. Buckingham; John Wilmont. 

TABLET LXL 

Seals of Eminent Persons. 

OBVERSE. Edward Everett;' Sir John Ross; Dor- 
othy L. Dix; Dr. John Anderson; Sir Harry Nicholas; 
Earl Rochester; Alexander J. Downing; Serjeant Chan- 
nell; Edward Everett;' Rev. Henry Melville; Barry 
Cornwall; Amelia Opie; Mr. Justice Brownell; Welcher; 

^ Duplicate. 

2 Two seals, different patterns. 

62 



J, H. Allen; Jared Sparks; J. B. Lane; W. Eden, Lord 
Auckland; Charles Finch; Justice J. B. Byles;^ Mary- 
Shelley; Lord Plunkett; Charles Grant; Prince Hoare. 
REVERSE. Blank. 

TABLET LXII. 

Seals of the Signers [of the Declaration of 
Independence] and Others. 

OBVERSE. Rufus King, 1787; Richard Henry Lee, 
1776; Nicholas Oilman, 1787; John Hancock, 1776; 
John Adams, 1776; Benjamin Franklin, 1776; Roger 
Sherman, 1776; General Burgoyne, 1777; William Wil- 
liams, 1776; Elias Boudinot, 1783; Richard Mont- 
gomery, 1775; Oliver Wolcott, 1776; Ralph Izard, 1779; 
George Ross, 1776; Henry Laurens, 1779; Baron Vi- 
omenil, 1781; Sir Adam Ferguson; Lord Shelburne, 
1783; C. C. Pinckney; General Lafayette; Charles 
Pinckney. 

REVERSE. Fac-simile of the signatures to the 
Declaration of Independence. 

TABLET LXIIL 

[Other] Original Seals. 

OBVERSE. Martin F. Tupper; Samuel J. Arnold; 
Earl of Egremont; Governor Belcher, 1730; Lord Aber- 
deen; Lord Palmerston; Sir James Mackintosh; W. H. 
Ainsworth; Governor Stoughton, 1694; Lady Hester 
Stanhope; Governor Joseph Dudley, 1702; R. Plummer 
Ward; Lady Wellesley; Lord Brougham; Dr. Bowring, 
poet. 

REVERSE. Marshal Massena; Chev. Hulsemann; 
Earl Grey, 1830; Lord Whitworth, 1802; Earl Shaftes- 
bury, 1834; Prince of Canino; Francis Lieber;' Governor 
Paris, of Maine; Francis Lieber;^ Lord Berwick, 1823; 
Sir Alexander McKenzie; Earl Bridgewater; Sir Fran- 
cis Freeling; Paul Hamilton, South Carolina; Lord 
Yarboro. 



iTwo seals, one on Tablet LX. 
2 Two seals, different patterns. 



^3 



APPENDIX. 

The correspondence between Judge Cham- 
berlain and the Board of Trustees, accom- 
panying the transfer, was as follows: 

Chelsea, February 14, 1893. 
To the Trustees of the Boston PubHc Library: 

Gentlemen: I propose to leave to the Boston Public 
Library, by testamentary bequest, my collection of his- 
torical documents, manuscripts, autographs, portraits, 
and engravings connected therewith, together with a 
few printed volumes, and some matters of personal in- 
terest to me, provided the Trustees, after a more mature 
consideration of the subject, are still willing to accept 
the same agreeably to an informal understanding ex- 
pressed at their meeting, January 17, 1893. That is to 
say, that the Trustees will furnish the room in the new 
building, connected with the librarian's room, substan- 
tially in accord with the plan prepared by Alex. S. 
Jenney, and set said room apart as the permanent home 
of said collection, to be and forever remain in the sole 
custody of the librarian, under the Trustees. 

From the above conditions are to be excepted the 
framed Address to the King, the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence, the Articles of Confederation, and the Con- 
stitution of the United States, which would be properly 
exhibited on the walls of some more public room.^ 

While I desire to retain the property of the collection 
during my life, it is my wish, nevertheless, to transfer 
to the Library at once such portions of it as are in com- 

iWith Judge Chamberlain's consent the Tablets described 
above have been removed to the room for Younger Readers, 
and are displayed below the four great Documents on the south 
wall. 

64 



pleted form, and the remainder as soon as it can be 
completed. 

The collection will need an index and binding; and 
as I am familiar with the requirements, I think it would 
be well to have one or more volumes of each division 
bound as soon as may be, to serve as examples for the 
remaining volumes. 

It is my purpose to make the collection as complete 
as I may; and to that end, after any portion of it is 
transferred to the Library, I shall desire free access to 
it at suitable times. 

Respectfully, 
(Signed) Mellen Chamberlain. 

Public Library of the City of Boston. 
To the Hon. Mellen Chamberlain: 

Dear Sir: It is my pleasant duty to inform you that 
I am instructed by the Trustees of the Public Library 
of the City of Boston, that they accept with great grat- 
itude your proposed testamentary gift of your unique 
and valuable "collection of historical documents, auto- 
graphs, portraits, and engravings connected therewith, 
together with certain printed volumes," and that they 
agree to perform all the conditions set forth in your 
letter of February 14, 1893, to which the gift is made 
subject. 

Permit me to improve the opportunity to express 
my own appreciation of the great value of your pro- 
posed donation, and assure you that all the conditions 
referred to will be faithfully performed. The Trustees 
have already commenced the work of preparing a suit- 
able room in the new Library building for the accom- 
modation of the collection as you are pleased to allow 
them present possession of the same. 

Very truly yours, 
(Signed) Frederick O. Prince, 

March 28, 1893. President pro tem. 



65 



The Public Library of the City of Boston: Printing Department. 



BOSTON PUBLIC UBRARJ' 



3 9999 05987 566 4 



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