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^ Vol \ tUm^XJL^ <*W^ 


James Martin ^ eager 
















Formerly President of Drew Seminary for Young Women, Carmel, N. Y. 
Formerly Member of House of Representatives of Pennsylvania. 
United States Marshal of the Middle District of Pennsylvania. 

Table of Contents 

Introductory Note 11 

Yeager Genealogy 13 

Early Yeager Emigration 14 

Battle of Trenton 26 

Andrew Yeager at the Battle of Brandywine 31 

Pioneers in Pennsylvania 36 

Susie Yeager, a Schoolmate of Lincoln in Kentucky 56 

Golden Wedding of Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Yeager 60 

Genealogy of Andrew Yeager 66 

Military Record of the Pennsylvania Yeagers in All of the 

American Wars 81 

Letter from Major Thomas Yeager shows Pennsylvania 

Troops were real First Defenders 87 

Emperor William sends a Bell to a German New York 

Church Organization, Rev. Dr. Julis Jaeger, Pastor .... 100 

Early Yeager Baptisms in New Hanover Lutheran Church.. 101 
Heads of Families by the Name of Yeager in Pennsylvania 

in the first census in the United States published 1790.. 102 

Hon. Joseph. Buffington 113 

Some Annals of The Buffington Family 113 

One of the Oldest English Families in Pennsylvania 114 

Richard Buffington holds office under William Penn 117 

Richard Buffington's Will . 119 

Memorandum Book of George Buffington, the Revolutionary 

Soldier 122 

Anne Buffington 138 

Descendants of Richard Buffington the I in the Revolution- 
ary War 145 

The Creightons 153 

Creighton Genealogy 171 

The Name Creighton of Scotch Origin 179 

Pennsylvania Creightons in the War of the Revolution .... 182 

James Jacobs, the Revolutionary Soldier 184 

The Battle of Harlem Heights 184 

James Jacobs at the Battle of Fort Washington 192 

Lemon Memoranda 196 

John Lemon Wounded at the Battle of Monmouth 201 

Hon. John A. Lemon 205 

Short Hill Celebrates 209 

Governor Hughes Dedicates Monument to Wayne's Victory at 

Stony Point 215 

The Hoffman Family 219 

Woodside Memoranda 233 

Organizers of Early Churches 240 

No Money at Hamburg 249 

At Home and Abroad — Addresses by the Compiler 253 

Some Yeagers in Business 269 

Notes by the Way 271 



To all descendants of a sturdy ancestry 
this volume is respectfully dedicated. 

List of Illustrations 

Portrait of James Martin Yeager, Compiler Frontispiece 

Yeager Coat of Arms 13 

Fac-simile of Post Card 15 

Fac-simile of Post Card by Mayor of Lachen 16 

Autograph of Andrew Yeager 18 

Autograph of Jacob Yeager 19 

Portrait of John Jacob Yeager 20 

Portrait of Jeremiah M. Yeager 24 

The Surrender to Washington 27 

Where They Came From — Europe 34 

Where They Settled — Pennsylvania 35 

Portrait of Captain Frederick M. Yeager 37 

Portrait of John Yeager on Old Buckskin 46 

Portrait of The Rev. Joshua Yeager 51 

Home of Lincoln's Ancestors in Berks County 5S 

Portrait of Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Yeager of Illinois, and their 

home 64 

Portrait of William Brooke Yeager 67 

Portrait of Mrs. Sue R. Ort 69 

Portrait of John Henry Yeager 70 

Portrait of William Jacob Yeager 72 

Portrait of Jesse Orin Yeager 74 

Portrait of Bertha Mann Yeager 75 

Portrait of Frank N. Yeager, M. D 76 

Portrait of Rev. William E. Yeager 77 

Portrait of Major Thomas Yeager 88 

Portrait of Harry Wilson Yeager 104 

Portrait of Herman V. Yeager 110 

Portrait of Hon. Joseph Buffington 113 

Portrait of Richard Bufnngton 115 

Map of the Battle of Brandywine 118 

Portrait of George Bufnngton and Catharine Yeager Buf- 
nngton 126 

Fac-simile of Deed of Benjamin Buffington to his son George 131 

Portrait of Charles Buffington Fager, M. D 136 

Portrait of Judge Charles A. Mayer 138 

Portrait of Mrs. Cordelia Mayer Quiggle 139 

Portrait of the Rev. Jacob Mayer 140 

Portrait of Hon. James C. Quiggle 141 

Portrait of Major William H. Mayer 142 

Portrait of Hon. Henry W. Shoemaker 143 

Portrait of George Buffington of Yeagertown 144 

Creighton Coat of Arms 151 

Portrait of William Creighton 152 

Portrait of Elizabeth Jacobs Creighton 153 

Portrait of Mrs. Isabella Creighton Plowman 154 

Portrait of Rev. Abram M. Creighton 156 

Portrait of Rev. Samuel Creighton 160 


List of Illustrations-Continued 

Portrait of Edward Bright Creighton of Philadelphia IOC. 

Portrait of Mary Jane Creighton Yeager 1GS 

Portrait of Frank M. Musser, William C. Musser, J. Ira 

Musser, Samuel Musser, Sewall Asbury Musser 170 

Portrait of Elizabeth J. Creighton Mann and daughter Har- 
riet 172 

Portrait of J. T. Creighton 173 

Portrait of William C. Creighton 174 

Portrait of Margaret Ann Creighton 176 

Autograph of Andrew Creighton 178 

Portrait of Five Generations ISO 

Tablet to Commemorate The Battle of Harlem Heights .... 186 

Portrait of James M. Jacobs 1SS 

Portrait of Samuel Jacobs 189 

Washington and Lafayette at Valley Forge 198 

The Battle of Monmouth, Juen 28, 1778 200 

The Battle of Monmouth, June 28, 1778 200 

Portrait of Hon. John A. Lemon 204 

Fac-simile of Letter from the Hon. Boise Penrose, U. S. 

Senator 208 

Bible of John Lemon 210 

Portraits of Samuel Lemon and Jean Moore Lemon 212 

Portrait of Jane Lemon Wherry 214 

Portrait of Jacob D. Hoffman 228 

Portrait of Isaac W. Hoffman 230 

Portrait of Rev. Thomas W. Woodside 234 

Home of T. W. Woodside in Africa 236 

Birmingham Meeting House 240 

St. John's Lutheran Church 241 

Salem Evangelical Lutheran Church 242 

East Vincent Reformed Church 244 

Hoffman's Church 246 

Saint David's Reformed Church 248 

At Chaquimayo Camp, Peru 252 

At Ground Breaking of Lewistown Silk Mill 258 

Old Homestead at Yeagertown 266 

J. Creighton and Marion Yeager 268 

Lewistown in 1842 276 


Introductory Note 

The preparation of this little volume has been a "labor 
of love." It has entailed many miles of travel, wide corres- 
pondence, hours of research in the libraries of New York, 
Philadelphia. Washing-ton and Harrisburg. I am in receipt 
of many letters from County, State and Federal officials, from 
secretaries of genealogical societies and from members of 
the "family" from New York to Tacoma. 

( Hit of the mass of correspondence I quote a single let- 
ter which will illustrate the difficulties that confronted us in 
our endeavor to compile authentic data, as well as the dis- 
tinguished courtesy which marked many of our personally 
unknown correspondents : 

Friend James M. Yeager, 
Carmel, N. Y. 
Thine received and in reply must say I am extremely 
sorry that I am unable to give thee the desired information. 
As to our history, my father did not commence it until near- 
ly eighty years of age, and it is consequently disconnected 
and imperfect. 

If thee should visit our county, would be very much 
pleased indeed to have thee call on me. I will do what I can 
to aid thee in thy undertaking. I will enclose the names of 
the children of some of the earlier families which may pos- 
sibly be of some use. though I presume thee has them all. 
Thine truly, 

P. W. P.uffington. 

I am grateful to these friends who have assisted me in 
compiling this record. 

Dr. Alexander Wilder savs : "The records of families 
constitute the frame-work of history and are invaluable aux- 
iliaries to science, religion and especially to civilization. The 
ties of kindred are the golden links of that chain which binds 

families, states and nations together in one great bond of 
humanity. Everything, therefore, which pertains to our 
family should he carefuly recorded and preserved for the 
benefit of those who are to follow us. I have no sympathy 
with those who care not whence they came or have no inter- 
est in the generations which are to succeed them." 

He who believes with Wendell Phillips "that to be as 
good as our ancestors we must be better" will find a good 
ancestry and an illustrious name one of the noblest stim- 
ulants to exertion. 

It is just two hundred years ( 1712) since the arrival of 
the first Yeagers in the Province of Pennsylvania. It seems 
fitting that this year ( 1912) some records should be pub- 
lished which may render less laborious the work of the fu- 
ture genealogist. 

Lewistown, Penna.. Tune 1, 1912. 


Yeager Genealogy 

Yeager Coat of Arms 

Among the earliest families to emigrate from Germany 
to Pennsylvania were the Yeagers. The name was variously 
spelled — Jager, Jaeger, Yager and Yeager. In 1712-18 
John, George, Henry, Anthony, Andrew, Xicholas, George, 
Nicholas, Jr., Martin, Philip, John and Peter, "who were suh- 
ject to the Emperor of Germany, a Prince in Amity with the 
Crown of Great Britain, transported themselves and estates 
into the Province of Pennsylvania," and settled in what are 
now Philadelphia, Northampton, Chester and Lancaster 

Their descendants identified themselves with the col- 
onists and the names of Adam. Christian. Christopher, 
Andrew. Matthew. Casper, Leonard, George, Frederick. 
Henry and John Yeager all appear on the roster of Penn- 
sylvania's hrave patriots who "pledged their lives, their for- 
tunes, and their sacred honor to their country." 

Early Yeager Emigration 

The following emhraces those of the family Yeager, who 
emigrated from Germany to Pennsylvania, prior to 1775. 


The christian name is given, also the name of the ships in 
which they came, and the date of "Qualifying", or taking the 
oath of allegiance. The oath was usually taken upon the 
arrival of the ship, and so gives about the time of emigra- 
tion. In the several ship lists, the name is variously spelled 
— Jager, Jaeger. 

John George and his sons Peter. Andreas. Nicholas. 
Anthony and George emigrated in 171 2. 

Name Ship Date 

Peter St. Andrew 12 Sept.. 173.4 

Leonard, aged 26 Harle t Sept.. 1736 

Johannes, aged 36 Winter Galley 5 Sept.. 1738 

Johan George Loyal Judith 3 Sept.. 1742 

Johannes Loyal Judith 2 Sept., 1743 

Johannes Elliott 24 August. 1740 

Johan Wilhelm Two P>rothers .... 14 Sept., T740 

Jacob Leslie 7 Oct.. T740, 

Balzar Priscilla 12 Oct.. 1750 

Andreas Xacy 27 Sept.. 1752 

Martin Bawley 23 Oct. 1752 

Johan Wilhelm Two P>rothers 1752 

Conrad, aged 35 Peggy 24 Sept.. 1753 

Johan Simon Rrothers 26 Sept.. 1753 

Johan George \dventure 25 Sept.. 1754 

Valentine Bannister 31 Oct., 1754 

Johan George Pannister 31 Oct.. 1754 

Andreas Thos. Arnot 26 Sept.. 1764 

Dietrich Hero 27 Oct.. 1764 

George Prince of Wales .... 5 Nov., 1764 

Heinrich Prince of Wales .... 5 Nov.. 1704 

lolin Christ Tiger to Nov.. 1771 



Far-simile of* Post Card 

sent to the compiler by the Mayor of Lachen, near Heidel- 
berg. Germany. 

ttfmgretd} Say er 



Fac-simile of Post Card 

sent to the compiler by the Mayor of Lachen, near Heidelberg, 

v All 


3N *«s ^ * 

IS 3$clY 

* *T ^ 


Lachen, Germany, 17 Aug., 1911. 
Vour great-great grandmother, Anna Barbara Schuster, 
daughter of Philip Schuster, was born here on the Fifteenth 
of February, 17:!:^, and was married to Andreas Jaeger here on 
the Eleventh of February, 1755. They were both of the Re- 
formed faith. 

This is the correct answer to vour Inquiry. 






Harrisburo-, Pennsylvania, U. S. A.. Feb. 7, TO07. 
To IJ'/iom It May Concern: 

I hereby Certify that the name of ANDREW YEAGER 
appears as that of a Private on "A True Return of Captain 
Deibler's Company of Associators of the Fourth Batallion, 
Commanded by Colonel James Burd, Esq., March 14th, 

See p. 348, Volume Seven, Penna. Archives, Fifth Se- 

Again as a Private on a "Return of Captain Martin 
Weaver's Compy. of the Fourth Batallion of Lancaster 
County Militia. Robt. Elder, Colonel for the year 1778." 

See p. 378, Volume and Series, ut supra. 

And again as a Private from Captain Weaver's Com- 
pany in a "Detachment under the Command of Captain John 
Rutherford on the March to Bedford County. April 17th, 
1779, for the protection of the Inhabitants." 

See p. 389. Volume and Series, ut supra. 

In testimony whereof r- >. v xj r> 1 r o i„ 

I hereby affix the Seal Custodian of the Public Records. 

of this Department. Pennsylvania State Library. 



Andrew Yeager of Dauphin County 

Andrew Yeager, great-grandfather of J. M. Yeager of 
Yeagertown, joined the Company that was recruited in Up- 
per Paxtang township, Lancaster (now Dauphin) county. 
March 14, 1776. The company was in active service for 
nearly a year, returning home in January, 1777. A portion 
of the command was captured at the hattle of Long Island. 
The remainder of it took part in the battles of Harlem 
Heights, now the site of Columbia College in the city of 
New York ; Fort Washington, now Washington Heights, 
New York City, and saw actual service under Washington 
at the battles of Trenton and Princeton. As we read over 
again the story of these historic battles "we should be im- 
bued with the lofty spirit of patriotism which fired the souls 
of our ancestors and cherish their valor, bravery, undying 
courage, and glorious deeds a century and a quarter ago, in 
behalf, not of themselves, but of posterity." 

Andrew Yeager remained in the service from 1776 to 
1783, doing valiant service all through the Revolution. 

(Fac-simile of signature of Andreas in 1786) 

Andrew Yeager was married to Anna Barbara Schuster, 
who was born in Lachen, near Neustadt, in the Palatinate, 
Feb. 15, 1733, and died in the Lykens Valley, July 27, i//i). 
This record is found in the records of St. David's German 
Reformed church near Millersburg, Penna. 

Andrew's son John, grandfather of J. M. Yeager of 
Yeagertown, was horn in Philadelphia county, now Mont- 


gomery, February 19. 1767. He was baptized and confirmed 
in the Reformed church, and was married July 1st, 1788, to 
Catharine Ran, daughter of Frederick Ran, who was born 
December 5th, 1772. They had six sons and three daugh- 
ters. John Yeager died February 19, 1835. His funeral 
sermon was preached by Rev. Isaac Gerhart of the Reformed 
church and his text was Isaiah 57th Chapter, 2nd verse : 
"He shall rest in peace." 

Catharine Yeager died April 19, 1841. The funeral ser- 
vices were conducted by Rev. Emanuel V. Gerhart, who after- 
wards became president of the Theological Seminary of the 
Reformed church at Lancaster, Penna., and who was con- 
nected with that institution for many years. Rev. E. V. 
Gerhart was the son of the Rev. Isaac Gerhart, previously 
mentioned, and in 1897 was the oldest living graduate of 
Franklin and Marshall College. The young preacher took 
for his text more than sixty years prior to his own departure 
the 7th and 8th verses of the Fourth Chapter of Second Tim- 
othy. "I have fought a good fight ; I have finished my 
course ; I have kept the faith." Both John and Catharine 
are buried at St. David's Reformed church, Killinger, near 

John Jacob Yeager, the second son of John Yeager, 
son of Andrew, was born March nth, 1793, m Dauphin 
county. He served in the War of 18 12, and in 1830 secured 
from the Patent Office in Washington a patent for a mold- 
board of a plow. This mold-board has been universally 
used throughout the United States. 

( Fac-simile of Jacob Yeager's signature, 1859.) 


John Jacob Yeager (1 793-1869) 

from whom the village of Yeagertown derives its name and who secur- 
ed in 1830 a patent from the United States Patent Bureau. 


Fac-Simile of Patent 

Department of the Interior 

United States Patent Office 

Washington, D. C, Jan. u, 1896. 
Mr. James M. Yeager, 

Drew Ladies' Seminary, 

Carmel, N. Y. 
Sir: — In reply to your letter of Jan. 7th, you are ad- 
vised that a patent was issued on June 9, 1830, to Jacob Ya- 
ger, of Harrisburg, Pa., for Cast Iron Plough. 

By direction of the Commissioner. 
Very respectfully. 
George L. Norton, Chief Clerk. 

No. 128 

IN CONFORMITY to an act of Congress, 
entitled "An act to promote the progress of the 
useful arts," approved 21st February, 1793. / 
have received of Jacob Yager, of Pennsylva- 
nia thirty dollars, which sum has been placed 
to the credit of my account in the Branch Bank 
at Washington, under date of June Jth, 1830, 
and for which I have signed duplicate receipts. 
John Campbell, 
Treasurer of the United States. 
Registered: L. T. Smith, 

Register of the Treasury. 



Jacob Yeager was married in 1815 to Susanna Fisher, 
nee Buffington. They had eight children, of whom Jeremiah 
M. was the youngest. Jacob Yeager moved from Dauphin 
county to Derry township, Mifflin county, in 1842. As he 
had a large family and purchased an extensive tract of land 
including a flour mill on the banks of the Kishacoquillas 
the little village was given the name of Yeagertown. 

In 1859 the old mill which had been erected in 1795, 
was torn down and a new mill was built, Jacob's youngest 
son. Jeremiah M., becoming proprietor. He was twice mar- 
ried. His first marriage, to Mary Jane Creighton. took place 
December 2$, 1854. Miss Creighton was of Scotch, Scotch- 
Irish and Welsh ancestry. From this union there were three 
sons: William Jacob, born November 7, 1855; James Mar- 
tin, born November 2, 1857; Jesse Orin, born May 11, 1864. 

Mrs. Mary J. Yeager died March 22, 1873, and was 
buried in the M. E. cemetery at Yira, Penna. 

Jeremiah M. Yeager was married again December 22. 
1874, to Mrs. Anna Maria (Mann) Brisbin, a daughter of 
Win. Mann, founder of the Mann Axe and Tool Works near 
I.ewistown, Fa. Her ancestry is English and Irish. The 
only child of this marriage now living is Mrs. Charles A. 
( Bertha Mann) Rice of Reedsville. Fa. 

Jeremiah M. Yeager died December 30, 1906. The fu- 
neral services were in charge of his pastor, the Rev. John T. 
Fell, of the Yeagertown Methodist Episcopal Church, assist- 
ed by the Rev. A. IF Spangler, D. IF, pastor for many years 
of the Yeagertown Lutheran Church ; the Rev. E. 1 1. Yocum, 
1). I)., of the Lewistown M. E. Church, the Rev. S. G. 
Shannon, ;i Lutheran minister and warm personal friend of 


Mr. Yeager's of Norwood, Penna. Mr. Shannon spoke in 
part as follows : 

"In the removal of Jeremiah M. Yeager I have lost one 
of my best friends on earth. An acquaintance formed thirty- 
five years ago, immediately ripened with friendship — a 
friendship which never was broken. He was a man of 
positive character, high ideals, and a nature deeply imbued 
with the spirit of the Golden Rule. He was an honored 
member of the Methodist Episcopal church for many years, 
a broad minded, liberal hearted Christian man ; beloved as 
a citizen, scrupulously honest in his business transactions, 
and commanded the full confidence of all who knew him. 
His motives were high, his ideals were lofty and his life 
squared with both. He believed in the great verities of the 
Christian religion ; and at the close of a long and useful life 
he calmly passed last Sabbath evening into the larger life as 
quietly as one "who wraps the draperv of his couch about 
him and lies down to pleasant dreams." He will be long 
missed and long remembered." 

He was buried in the Hill Cemetery, near Reedsville. 
his sons \V. J., James M. and J. O. ; his two step-sons, Dr. 
Chas. H. Brisbin and Wm. M. Brisbin, and his son-in-law, 
Chas. A. Rice, bore him tenderly to his resting-place. 



Jeremiah M. Yeager (1832-1906 

Great-grandson of Andrew Yeager. 
Great-grandson of Benjamin Buffington, 
Grandson of George Buffington, 

—Soldiers of th<> Revoluti 
Great-grandson of John Peter Hoffman, 

French and Indian \\ a 



To the founders of states mankind has always offered 
extraordinary honors. Washington was the foremost figure 
in the group of great men who carved the foundations of 
the American commonwealth, and sketched the plan of its 
structure. As the pillars of liberty and justice rise from gen- 
eration to generation, sheltering larger and larger segments 
of humanity, the work does not transcend the design of the 
founders. We shall not fall into error, if we dwell on their 
deeds with gratitude and reverence ; for thereby we draw in- 
spiration from the past, and are, ourselves, uplifted as citi- 
zens and as men. — (Hon. Horace White, Governor of New 
York, in an address before the Society of the Sons of the 


Battle of Trenton 

Under General George Washington, in which Andrew Yeager, great- 
grandfather of Jeremiah M. Yeager, participated. 

Washington proposed to cross the river and surprise 
the Hessians at different points. A council of war was held, 
and Christmas night was fixed upon for the enterprise. By 
the plan proposed Washington himself was to cross nine 
miles above Trenton, and march down on that place. Colonel 
Ewing, with the Pennsylvania militia, was to cross over a 
mile below the town, and secure the bridge over Assunpink 
creek, at the south side of it. and thus cut off the enemy's re- 
treat. Adjutant-general Reed and Colonel Cadwalader, who 
were stationed at Bristol, nearly opposite Burlington, were 
to cross below that place and advance against Count Donop's 
division. The attacks were to be simultaneous, and five 
o'clock on the morning of the twenty-sixth was the hour 
agreed upon. 

Just after sunset, on Christmas night, the division under 
Washington, twenty-four hundred in number, began to pass 
over. With this division was a train of twenty field-pieces, 
under the command of Colonel Knox. The river was filled 
with floating ice, and the weather was intensely cold. The 
boats were guided by Col. Glover, and his regiment of Alar- 
blehead fishermen, the same who had guided the boats on 
the memorable retreat from Long Island. The night was ex- 
tremely dark and tempestuous, and the floating ice and 
strong wind drove them out of their course again and again. 

Washington had hoped to be on the march by midnight, 
hut hour after hour passed, and it was four o'clock before 
the artillery was landed, and the troops ready to move on. 
They marched in two divisions, one led by Washington, 
(with whom were Generals Greene, Stirling, Mercer and 
Stephen), by a circuitous route to the north of the town. 


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while the otner, under Sullivan, with whom was Col. John 
Stark, with his New Hampshire band, was to advance by a 
direct road along the river, to the west and south side. Sul- 
livan was to halt at a certain point to allow time for the main 
division to make the circuit. 

It was eight oclock before this division reached the im- 
mediate neighborhood of Trenton ; they had struggled 
through a terrible storm of hail and snow ; it had impeded 
their march, but it had also aided to conceal their movements 
from the enemy. Washington, who had pushed on with the 
advance, asked of a man who was chopping wood by the 
roadside the way to the Hessian picket. He answered gruff- 
ly, "I don't know," and went on with his work. "You may 
tell," said Captain Forrest, of the artillery, "for that is Gen- 
eral Washingon." "God bless and prosper you !" exclaimed 
the man raising his hands to heaven, "the picket is in that 
house, and the sentry stands near that tree." 

In a few minutes the picket guards were driven in. 
Late as it was the Hessians were completely surprised. Ac- 
cording to their custom, they had indulged freely in the 
festivity of Christmas and were resting thoughtlessly of 
danger when the drum suddenly beat to arms. All was con- 
fusion. At the first alarm. Colonel Rahl, who learned from 
the lieutenant of the picket-guard that a large force was ad- 
vancing to surround him, endeavored to rally his panic- 
stricken troops. He seems to have meditated a retreat to 
Princeton ; he had, in fact, passed out of the town, but the 
ambition of the soldier triumphed in his breast ; how could 
he fly before the rebels he had despised ? He rashly returned 
to the charge. By this time Washington had gained the 
main street and opened a battery of six field-pieces, which 
swept them from end to end. As Rahl advanced at the head 
of his grenadiers, he fell mortally wounded. \t the fall of 


their leader his soldiers attempted to retreat, but they were 
intercepted by Colonel Hand with his Pennsylvania riflemen ; 
and, hemmed in on all sides, they grounded their arms and 
surrendered at discretion. 

Stark, with his detachment had assaulted the south side 
of the town, and the firing- in that quarter had added to the 
general confusion. A party of British light-horse, and five 
hundred Hessians stationed there "took headlong flight, by 
the bridge across the Assunpink," and thus escaped and join- 
ed Donop at Bordentown. Had Colonel Ewing been able 
to cross, according to the arrangement, their escape would 
have been prevented. 

The Americans took one thousand prisoners, of whom 
thirty-two were officers ; of their own number only two were 
killed and two were frozen to death on the march. Several 
were wounded among whom was James Monroe, afterward 
President of the United States, who was at this time a lieu- 
tenant in the army. 



The Spirit of '76 

Through the chances and changes of vanished years, 
Our thoughts go back to the olden time, — 
That day when the people resolved to be free. 
And, resolving, knew that the thing was done. 
What booted the struggle yet to be, 
When the hearts of all men beat as one. 
And hand clasped hand, and eyes met eyes, 
And lives were ready to sacrifice? 

The years since then have come and sped, 
And the heroes of those old days are dead ; 
But their spirit lives in today's young men; 
And never in vain would our country plead 
For sons that were ready to die at her need. 

— Louise Chandler Moulton. 



Andrew Yeager at the Battle of Brandywine 

It may be interesting in this connection to publish the 
letter of Gen. Washington to the president of Congress, re- 
lating to the battle of the Brandvwine. 

Chester, T2 o'clock at night, 
Sept. ii, 1777. 

Sir: — I am sorry to inform you that in this day's en- 
gagement we have been obliged to leave the enemy masters 
of the field. Unfortunately the intelligence received of the 
enemy's advancing up the Brandywine and crossing at a ford 
about six miles above us was uncertain and contradictory, 
notwithstanding all my pains to get the best. This prevented 
me from making a disposition adequate to the force with 
which the enemy attacked us on our right ; in consequence 
of which the troops first engaged were obliged to retire be- 
fore thev could be reinforced. In the midst of the attack on 
the right that body of the enemy which remained on the 
other side of Chad's ford, crossed it, and attacked the divi- 
sion there under the command of Gen. Wayne and the light 
troops under Gen. Maxwell, who after a severe conflict also 
retired. The militia under the command of Gen. Armstrong 
being posted at a fort about two miles below Chad's, had no 
opportunity of engaging. 

But though we fought under manv disadvantages and 
were, from the causes above mentioned, obliged to retire, yet 
our loss of men is not, I am persuaded, very considerable ; 
I believe much less than the enemy's. We have also lost 
seven or eight pieces of cannon according to the best infor- 
mation I can at present obtain. The baggage having been 
previously moved off, is all secure saving the men's blankets 
which being at their backs, many of them doubtless are lost. 


I have directed all the troops to assemble behind Chester, 
where they are now arranging for this night. Notwithstand- 
ing the misfortune of the day, I am happy to find the troops 
in good spirits; T hope another time we shall compensate for 
the losses now sustained. The Marquis de Lafayette was 
wounded in the leg and Gen. Woddford in the hand; divers 
other officers were wounded ; and some slain, but the num- 
bers of either cannot now be ascertained. 
1 have the honor to be, etc., 

George Washington. 

P. S. — Tt has not been in my power to send you earlier 
intelligence, the present being the first leisure moment I have 
had since the action. 


The pioneer settlers, of whatever nationality were men 
of positive character. They came three thousand miles, 
braving the dangers of a tedious ocean voyage, that they 
might enjoy a larger manhood than was possible under the 
social and political conditions then existing in Europe. They 
were men- of high principle chafing under the fetters which 
bound them in their native lands. Pennsylvania invited 
them to a broader life, to tangible opportunities, to untram- 
meled effort, to religious freedom. Pennsylvania needed 
them to people the wilderness and make it fruitful. — Henry 
S. Dotterer, Esq. 



Where They Came From 

The Yeagers, Hoffmans, Rans and Jacobses from the Valley of the 
Rhine; the Lemons and Woodsides from the North of Ireland; the 
CreightonB from Edinburgh, Scotland; the Buffingtons from England, 
and the Joneses from Wales. 






Pioneers in Pennsylvania 

The original Yeager settler in Philadelphia county was 
John George Yeager who emigrated in 1710. His son An- 
thony settled in Oley township, Rerks county, about 1726. 
Two of Anthony's sons, Daniel Yeager alias Hunter and 
Frederick Yeager, and his son-in-law, Balser Geehr, who 
married Catharine Yeager. rose to distinction in the Revolu- 
tionary War. 

Daniel was a Colonel, Frederick a Captain, and Ralsei 
Geehr a Lieutenant-Colonel in the Revolution. Resides. 
Geehr was representative of his county in the General As- 
sembly or Legislature for many years and was Judge of the 
Courts continuously from 1775 to 1784. 

Daniel (Hunter) Yeager represented Rerks county in 
the Provincial Conference. June. 1770. and in the Constitu- 
tional Convention the July following. The Supreme Exec- 
utive Council appointed him a paymaster of the militia in 
1777. He took an active part in public affairs and was ap- 
pointed by the Pennsylvania War Office one of the Commis- 
sioners to procure blankets for the Continental army in 
1777. He was elected to the General Assembly of Pennsyl- 
vania in 1782 and while in attendance on that body was taken 
ill and died in February, 1783. 



Captain Frederick M. Yeager 

Captain Frederick M. Yeager in Libby Prison 

Frederick Yeager, son of Anthony, son of John George, 
and a captain in the Revolution, was horn July 7, 1748; 
died Jan. 27, 1822. 

Daniel Yeager, son of Frederick, was a private in the 
War of 1812; horn June 20. 1782; died Nov. 28, 1821. 

Amos B. Yeager, son of Daniel, was a private during 
the Rebellion; horn Nov. 20, 1808; died May 5, 1889. 

Frederick M. Yeager, son of Amos B. Yeager, Captain 
of Co. C, 128th Regt., P. V. ; horn June 17. 1840. Under the 
proclamation of Abraham Lincoln, April 16, 1861, for sev- 
enty-five thousand troops, as a member of the Ringold Light 
Artillery, he left Reading, Pa., April 16, 1861, at 6 a. m., ar- 
riving at Harrishurg at 8 a. m., — the first company in the 
United States to report for duty. On April 1S, 1861, they 
marched through the mob at Baltimore and were the first 
troops that entered the capital, for which the State of 
Pennsylvania gave them medals of honor. In 1802 he took 
an active part in recruiting six companies for the 128th 
Regiment, P. Y., and was First Lieutenant of Company l\. 
At the battle of Antietam, his regiment lost in killed and 
wounded one hundred and thirty-nine officers and men. 1 le 
was promoted from First Lieutenant of Company K to Cap- 
tain of Company C. and was at the battle of Chancellorsville, 
on the evening of May 2, [863, when Stonewall Jackson 
drove the ntli corps from their position. Mis regiment was 
attached to the 12th corps and his company was the ex- 
treme right of the t2th corps. They joined the left of the 
1 ith corps at the I 'lank road, and when the Eleventh stam- 


peeled they opened a right oblique fire. Stonewall Jackson 
was mortally wounded and in the fight his regiment lost two 
hundred and thirteen, killed, wounded and missing, and 
Captain Yeager was taken prisoner and confined in Libby 
Prison. He is at present commander of McLean Post, No. 
16, G. A. R., one of the largest posts in the State. 



George Yeager of Chester County, Pa. 

The original Yeager settler in Chester county was 
George Yeager, horn 17 18 and died in 1700. He is hurieci 
in East Vincent German Reformed church yard near Spring 
City, Pa. Peter Shnnk, uncle of Governor Shunk, is buried 

Many of the descendants of this George, who settled 
in Chester county long before the Revolution, are still living 
there — the original homestead is still in the family — iqto. 


of Chester County. 
Born 1718. Died 1790. 

c John 

! Jacob 
) George 

I Mary — married Holman 
t Elizabeth — married Emory 

George, went to 
Lycoming Co. 

( George 

I Jesse 



Porn 1765. Died 1811. 
Chester County. 

1 Three daughters, 
I Peter 
t Henry 
I John, 
1 Jesse, 

Henry, born 1790 { Mary, 

1 Rebecca, 
I Elizabeth 


JOHN, born 1799. 

Jacob, 1S04, married Elizabeth Mover 


1 Levi, Catharine, Elizabeth, 
I Sarah, William 


Elizabeth, married Sam'l Guldin of 
Perks county. 

Susanna, married Daniel Hippel 


Horn 1795. Married Cath- 1 

arine Schlichter in 1823. ' 

M mi ied again iu 1838, to I 

Barbara Taney. I A 

Priscilla, Susanna, William, 
Catharine, Peter Louisa. 

Charh s, Minerva, Alice 



Peter Yeager and Descendants 

The following account of Peter Yeager, grandson of 
George Yeager, the Revolutionary Patriot of Chester county, 
was furnished by Miss Dora Dunlap of N T orristown, Pa. 

Peter Yeager was horn in the year 170^. on the old 
homestead, in East Vincent township, Chester county, taken 
by his great-grandfather, and resided there until the time of 
his marriage in 1823. He served his Country in the War of 

As an anecdote of his war days the following was fre- 
quently related by him : The supplies of the Americans were 
very meagre and "there were not sufficient muskets to sup- 
ply all the soldiers and some of the men were compelled to 
take fence rails to keep up the appearance of bravery." 

In 1823 Peter Yeager was united in matrimony to 
Catherine Schlichter and went to farming in Pikeland iown- 
ship, ahout two miles from the old homestead, being part 
of the ground that his great grandfather had taken in a sec- 
tion of 640 acres. 

To this marriage were born six children, Priscilla, Su- 
sanna, William, Catherine, Peter and Louisa. In 1837 his 
wife Catherine died, as also his eldest daughter, Priscilla, in 
her minority. 

In 1838 he married Barbara Taney, and to this mar- 
riage was born four children, Andora, Charles, Minerva and 
Alice, the latter of whom also died in her minority. 

His second wife, Barbara, survived him and is still liv- 
ing, aged 84. years, at the home of her daughter, Minerva 
Dunlap, at Linfield, Montgomery county, Penna. 

William and Peter were both engaged in farming, were 
married and had families. Both are now deceased. Su- 


sanna married Justice Law, also a fanner. Catherine mar- 
ried Henry Messenger, a stove dealer. Louisa married Wil- 
liam Mover, a farmer. Andora married George Rapp, flour 
manufacturer. Minerva married Oliver Dunlap, superin- 
tendent of stove works. Charles Yeager is engaged in 

Of the grandchildren, the sons of Susanna are engaged 
in farming. Three of her daughters are married. Sarah A. 
Law is a professional nurse, and has won for herself quite 
a reputation at West Chester, Chester county, Pa. 

The sons of William are engaged in farming and his 
daughter married Andrew Barlow, a farmer. 

The sons of Peter are also engaged in farming, daugh- 
ter married. The sons of Catherine are extensively engaged 
in the hardware business in Conshohocken, Montgomery 
county, Pa. Louisa's three sons are all engaged in farming. 
The sons of Andora are engaged in manufacturing flour. 

The twin daughters of Charles Yeager, Margaret and 
Barbara, are engaged in teaching in the public schools of 
Phoenixville, Chester county, I 'a. 

Minerva's daughters, Mary R. and Dora D., the elder 
is engaged in school teaching and the younger is in the law 
office of Gotswalts & Savior, Norristown, Pa. 

Many of these grandchildren are located within a few 
miles of Peter Yeager's old homestead and apparently in- 
herited his love of nature and ability to till the soil, as the 
majority of them are engaged in farming. 

There is a quaint little church, very modern in ap- 
pearance, rebuilt on the very spot where Peter Yeager help- 
ed to establish a church in the early days. This church is 
now known as St. Vincent, but in former days it was known 
as the Yeager church, which shows that all the Veagers 


were religiously inclined. It is of the German-Reformed 

Peter Yeager was known for his honesty, integrity and 
sterling qualities. His word was as good as his bond. He 
had an indomitable will and fearless courage. His love of 
country was next to his love of God. He was a great military 
man and the following is a copy of his discharge as a pri- 
vate : 

"This is to certify. That Peter Yeager a private, served 
a tour of duty, of three months, at camp Marcus Hook, in 
Col. Pearson's Regiment in the fall of 1814 — and was honor- 
ably discharged on the 19th of December, 1814. Witness 
my hand. Geo. Hartman, Jr. Capt. 

( Edward, died young. 
I Davis, born 1827. 

JOHN Y.EAGER, born 1799, I J0HN ' Jr -> born 1830 | Jacob" 

Chester county, son of | 

Peter, son of George, Rev- \ Sarah E., married John Huzzard. 

olutionary Patriot; mar- 1 Nathan, born 1835, married Miss 
ried Mary Painter. Brownback. 

I Sophia, married Sam'l Tyson 

I Isabella, married Nathan Ber- 
t tolet. 

Fifty Years a Hunter 

John Yeager Has Chased Reynard Half a Century 

The following interesting account of John Yeager. Jr.. 
born 1830, of Spring City, Penna., great-grandson of George 
of Chester, appeared in a Philadelphia Daily paper February 
9th, 1902: 

Spring City., Pa., Feb. 9. — The most popular, as well 
as the most exciting sport and amusement in this section of 
the Schuylkill Valley during the Winter season is that of 


fox hunting. Nearly every day some of the hunts are out 
and chasing Reynard over the hills and dales of northern 
Chester County. Within a radius of twelve or fifteen miles 
from this plaee there are eight or ten cluhs, and aside from 
these regular hunts there are numerous farmers and others 
who keep small j acks of hornds and they, too, seldom miss 
a nice da} 's chance to ride after the pack. This wily animal 
affords great amusement for the cultured and refined men. 
and those who stand high in the community socially and in- 
tellectually are the most enthusiastic admirers of the sport. 
Among the most prominent in the various hunts of this 
neighborhood are the following : — 

Spring City Hunt — John Yeager, Jr., Dr. J. C. Me- 
whinnev, Milton Latshaw, Bert Piercey, William Wunder, 
Frank Miller, John Miller, John Deery, Hosea Latshaw, 
Samuel Mowrey and Joseph Miller. 

Vincent, or Tyson Hunt — Jesse Tyson, Daniel Mowrey, 
William Leopold, Edward Leopold and Willis Hnzzard. 

Kimberton Hunt — Newton Davis, John Wilson. Louis 
Wilson. W. Keller, John Strough, Joseph Griffith and John 

Royersford — Charles Garber, Frank Garber, John Gra- 
ter and George Garber. 

Lionville limit — Dr. Granville Prizer, Fred Wilson, 
Jacob Coulter, John Jones, Sr., James Jones, Jr. 

Belleview Hunt— Edward Smith. |olm Markley, Col- 
onel Missimer, Frederick Smith. Sumner Smith, and Mr. 

Black Rock Hunt— Ellis Butt, Bud Anderson and a 
Mr. Yeager. 

The Smith Brothers, of the Belleview II int. are nun of 
fine education and business interests, and thev always can 


find time and pleasure in running after the hounds for the 
wily animal. 

For over twenty-five years Dr. Granville Prizer. of the 
Lionville Hunt, followed the fox-hunting sport and consid- 
ers it a fine and manly sport. For many years he was the 
owner of the famous Lionville pack. 

Jesse Tyson and William Leopold of the Vincent Hunt, 
are two good hunters, and they have traveled over the Falls 
of French Creek Hills so often that they know every nook 
and corner and can tell one great stories about the holing of 
sly Reynard among the rocks and boulders which abound 

Probably the oldest fox hunter in the State and the 
most enthusiastic is John Yeager, Jr., of the Spring City 
Hunt. Mr. Yeager, who is sometimes called "captain," is 72 
years of age, and for fifty-five years has ridden in the sad- 
dle. He generally attends all the fox hunts, and in his 
younger days would rather chase a fox fifty miles than eat 
a good dinner. Mr. Yeager is a man of rare intelligence, 
and he thinks that fox hunting is one of the most manly and 
enjoyable sports. He has never grown tired of it. He has 
traveled over eighty miles in a day in a chase for the brush, 
and has had to cross and recross places that were not only 
considered dangerous but were, and his fellow-riders would 
go miles out of their way before they would follow him in 
what they thought were perils. 

During his fifty-five years in the saddle he has owned 
and ridden several horses, but his three best were first of all 
Tom, a fine specimen of horse flesh. On the run he could 
not make the turn, and Tom jumped and leaped over a four- 
foot fence post and a pile of cordwood four feet wide that 
was corded against the fence. He was riding for the brush. 


and when he saw that he could not make the turn or stop 
his horse he thought to himself, "Here goes/' and Tom 
made a clean sweep of it. This was fifty years ago. 

Peacock, a large and finely built brown horse, was an- 

John Yeager 

Of Chester County, on Old Buckskin. 

other favorite. On one of his chases Peacock jumped a fore- 
bay of a sawmill race below the dam, a distance of ten feet 
across, and would jump five-foot post fences where others 
failed to get through. 



During the past ten years lie has ridden "( )ld Buck- 
skin," a horse well-known throughout this section of northern 
Chester and Montgomery counties. "Old Buckskin" in his 
early years could outjump them all, and today will make 
others hustle to heat him. 

Air. Yeager is known far and wide as the "veteran" at 
the fox chase sport and last night, while seated in a large 
rocking chair toasting his feet near the stove, in his palatial 
residence, he spent over an hour with "The Press" repre- 
sentative relating a portion of his life in the saddle, and could 
give accounts of his chases enough to fill volumes. About 
thirty-five years ago he went to a chase in Coventry. When 
he arrived a hundred people were present, besides fifty horse- 
men and seventy-five hounds. Off they started, all but the 
veteran. Some asked whether he was going along. At the 
time he had a horse that was not afraid of anything — no 
fences too high, nor ditches too wide for him. Suddenly he 
started out close to the Dunkard Meeting House, crossing 
the road below and over into a large field, with his hounds 
in hot pursuit. While crossing the field at almost breakneck 
speed his $100 gold watch flew out of his Docket, hut he 
never stopped to get it. On he went across the field and 
down to House's Store. Here he crossed the canal bridge, 
going toward the Schuylkill River. The fox was running a 
merry chase, and into the river he jumped, with forty of the 
hounds only a few feet behind him. 

The river at this point was about twenty feet deep and 
on he went. Air. Yeager placed his feet around the horse's 
neck and crossed over in safety. The fox went toward the 
signal tower on the Reading Railway below Sanatoga and 
crossed over the fields towards Oliver Evans", changed his 
course to John Evans' then down a by-road. The fox and 


dogs were within fifty yards of the veteran who raced him 
for half a mile in a hollow, where the dogs caught the fox 
and killed it. Mr. Yeager secured the brush and rode back 
to Evans'. He then turned hack and went to get a second 
prize, this time cutting off both ears. Turning back he got 
in the road at Oliver Evans' and abont this time met twenty- 
five of the huntsmen, who insisted that the veteran should go 
in front. He then marched them up the pike in double col- 
umn to Pottstown, proceeding up PTigh Street to the Shuler 
House, where they made merry. Mr. Yeager then con- 
cluded he would go after his watch, and Samuel Halleman 
accompanied him. When they got down below the Dunkard 
Meeting House in a field of about twenty acres the watch 
was found but the case had been broken off its hinges by 
striking with such force against the frozen ground. He 
still carries the watch and delights in showing it when relat- 
ing the incident. 

Another daring fox hunt that Mr. Yeager took part in 
was about seventeen years ago. A large red male fox was 
jumped on the Lockart thicket and ran over Beaver Hill to 
Prospect Hill down to the Powder Mill on to Bunker's Hill, 
and while crossing Benner's Mill his horse fell and he was 
thrown violently. As he fell several dollars flew out of his 
pockets. Although he was hurt badly he jumped his horse 
and rode throughout the chase, which lasted about four 
hours. The fox was finally run in a large pile of stumps 
and was captured alive by the wounded man. 

On another occasion the old hunter took a fox to Kim- 
berton to make a combined hunt. All the hunts within ten 
miles were invited including Pottstown. Xantmeal. Tyson's, 
Charlestown, Chester Springs, Kimberton and others. The 
Pottstown huntsmen brought along with them "an old bud- 



dy" with a spirited horse to go along with Mr. Yeager. The 
fox was dropped at 9.30 A. M. and the hunt, which proved 
to be a daring one, started in earnest, his foxship crossing 
over Benner's Hill down to the Powder Mill and on to St. 
Matthew's Church and down to Bun's Hill, but before they 
reached there Yeager had lost his old buddy and all the rest 
of the hunters. The fox went through Charlestown, down 
to Tinker's Hill, back and over Phoenix Hill and on to 
Kimberton. Silas King, who is now dead, saw the hunt 
coming and, recognizing Mr. Yeager among them, he ran 
and threw the gate open for Yeager to pass through, and 
after running to Todd's Bushes he was holed. Two or 
three of the neighbors came and helped dig the fox out, 
and with the red male under his arm he rode back to Kim- 
berton, where they were all waiting to hear reports. 

The old black fox that has been on the rampage for the 
past seven years, and which has been run bv every hunt in 
this neighborhood, is still at large. In speaking of him Mr. 
Yeager says he is the finest specimen he has ever set eyes 
upon and says he will not rest satisfied until he gets him. 
This black fellow is full of tricks, drawing the hounds alarm- 
ingly near, and always takes to earth after a hot finish. Mr. 
Yeager can give a history of nearly all his hunts for the past 
fifty-five years as he has kept a diary. Reynard will not fall 
into a state of rest in this locality, for each year there are 
always new hunters dropping in the ranks. 


The Reverend Joshua Yeager 

of Lehigh County 

The first Yeager to settle in York county was the Rev. 
John Conrad Yeager. His son was the Rev. Joshua Yea- 
ger ("Father" Yeager) of Allentown. The members of the 
well-known Yeager Furniture Company of that city are 
descendants of the Rev. John Conrad Yeager. 

Rev. Joshua Yeager was born September 23d, 1802. 
He was baptized by his father. Rev. John Conrad Yeager, in 
infancy and. after careful and conscientious instruction in 
the principles of the Christian religion, was confirmed and re- 
ceived by him into communion of the Evangelical Lutheran 

Choraeteristies of his life by Rev. A. R. Home. 
Allentown, Pa. 

The life of Father Yeager, whose history extends over 
more than four score vears, was characterized by constant 
and great laboriousness. Accustomed in his early years to 
hard manual labor, he was not easily discouraged when in 
his ministry difficulties had to be encountered. Fndowed 
with a strong constitution, which was well preserved by the 
observance of hygienic laws, even to old age, he endured ex- 
posure and performed physical and mental work almost with- 
out a parallel in the history of ( rod's ministers. His tall, erect, 
manlv form attracted attention wherever he went. Strangers 
stopped, as they passed him on the street, to admire his 
splendid physique. lie never missed an appointment 
by sickness, nor from any other cause. He was an al- 
most complete stranger to the ordinary ailments of human- 

Mis preparations for the pulpit wen' always carefully 


and conscientiously made, and, hence, his audiences always 
listened to him with close attention. As a rule, which he 
had obtained from his father, the Rev. John Conrad Yeager, 

The Rev. Joshua Yeager (1802- 

of Allentown, Pa. 

he selected his text and began his preparations for Sunday 
on the Monday preceding. Hence, he was never found un- 
prepared, and always had something interesting for his hear- 


ers. His discourses were brief and pointed, prepared with 
special reference to the conviction and conversion of sinners. 

As he was noted for his neatness in dress and the care- 
ful arrangement of his toilet, even in its minutest detail, 
so his sermons were prepared with scrupulous exactness ; 
his skeletons, which he always had before him in the pulpit, 
evinced a systematic arrangement such as is seldom found 
in the discourses of the most finished pulpit orator. His ser- 
mons were characterized by special earnestness and deep 
emotion. This was not studied, but heartfelt. Father Yea- 
ger in tears, in the pulpit and before his catechetical classes, 
was not an unusual sight. These were no tears of sympathy 
at funerals, but the outpouring of his soul for the love of 

This is the more remarkable when we remember that 
Father Yeager entered the ministry in a day when the pulpit 
was particularly noted for its coldness, when head religion, 
and not heart religion, held sway in many of our churches in 
America and Germany. He could aver with all his heart : 
"I believe that Jesus Christ, true God, begotten of the 
Father from eternity, and also true man born of the Virgin 
Mary, is my Lord." In Him he believed and Him he preach- 
ed, of Him he spoke to the sick and dying, and to Him he 
pointed the sinner seeking salvation. He firmly believed and 
preached the inspired word in his ministry of almost three 
score years, and thousands of souls were given him as the 
seal of such a ministry. 

( )n one occasion, those who were not so favorably dis- 
posed towards him laid hold of an inadvertent expression 
with the design to injure him. In one of his sermons he 
exclaimed, in die fervor of his soul, closing the Bible: "Do 
you believe all that is contained in this book*-' 1 don't be- 


lieve it." The apparent ambiguity of the expression was 
seized upon and Father Yeager decried as a rationalist. But 
this, as all such efforts necessarily must, reverted to the in- 
jury not of Father Yeager, but of those who had watched 
the opportunity to injure him. It gave him an opportunity 
to preach an explanatory sermon and to state in emphatic 
language, such as he was capable of employing, that he had 
said: "Dc you believe all that is contained in the Bible? I 
do not believe that you do, or else your actions would be 
vastly different." The sermon had a telling effect, and made 
an impression which is not forgotten to this day. 

On another occasion, while pastor of St. Paul's, at Al- 
lentown, he had to encounter an element of free-thinkers, 
which had developed there and made attacks not only on his 
pulpit teaching, but even upon his character. It happened, 
while he was conducting his services one Sunday, that two 
snakes were observed by those in the gallery, gamboling and 
playing upon the sounding board of the pulpit, disappearing 
in a very short time. This occasion, while foreboding terror 
to the superstitious, was seized on by the "New Light" party 
and published, not only in the county papers, but even in 
Day's Historical Collections of Pennsylvania, 1843, and th is 
scattered broadcast, designedly to his detriment. The ad- 
verse sentiment which they tried to create, however, like the 
serpent on the sounding board, recoiled upon his enemies, 
when, upon examination, it was found that the snakes had 
made their way through a cracked wall, and were not of the 
old serpent of Paradise, and that that serpent was to be look- 
ed for rather in the angels of light, who, in disguise, were 
promulgating the false doctrines which Father Yeager was 
so strenuously and successfully combating. 

Many similar incidents could be related here, which oc- 


curred in a life of such length and prominence, but they 
would ah combine to illustrate how this man of God, by his 
intrepidity, sustained by sovereign grace in which he was so 
firm a believer, and which he proclaimed so many, many 
years, was fitted for the special work of his day and genera- 
tion. A circumstance may yet he mentioned in this connec- 
tion which illustrates in Father Yeager's life that we, as co- 
workers with Christ, having a steady purpose and a high 
resolve, may make our life and labors a success. 

He, though he always enjoyed good health, owing, by 
the help of-God, to his temperate manner of living and the 
care of his body, had, nevertheless, in his youth contracted, 
by severe study, spells of indigestion, from which he suffer- 
ed occasionally in early life. Applying to half a dozen phy- 
sicians without being relieved, he at last came to a distin- 
guished doctor, and applied to him for medicine. The reply 
was: "I will give you none. But everv evening, when you 
have finished your studies, take a wood-saw and saw hick- 
ory wood into stove-lengths for half an hour — take a similar 
dose in the morning." This advice was followed, and the 
relief came. Father Yeager ever afterwards recommended 
this medicine. The moral is that much of the indisposition 
from and aversion to hard work, in the student's and min- 
ister's life of today, could he cured thus, instead of reverting 
to questionable diversions, by which mind, body and soul are 
enervated and unfitted for the arduous task of life. 

But the strong man, the giant frame, the acute intellect, 
had to succumb at last. Joshua Yeager had looked forward 
from the day that he laid down the active ministry, Trinitv 
Sunday. [885, for the time of his departure. II'' had wish- 
ed to die in the harness, hut it pleased the Lord to give him 
a brief rest before his course on earth was finished. Like St. 


John, he was permitted yet, for several years, to appear in 
the midst of his people, whom he had served so long and 
loved so well, saying unto them: "Little children, love one 
another," and lifting his hands in benediction over them. On 
Memorial Day, 1888, as he was seated at his parlor window, 
where he loved to look out on the busy scenes of life, he was 
stricken with apoplexy and became helpless, though his in- 
tellect remained active and did not entirely forsake him till 
quite near his end. On the 1st of August, however, it pleased 
Almighty God, in His wise and gracious providence, to call 
this aged servant to his rest, he having attained the age of 85 
years, 10 months and 8 days. On the following Thursday 
funeral services were held at the late residence of the de- 
ceased, conducted by Rev. Dr. S. A. Repass, of St. John's 
English Evangelical Lutheran Church of Allentown. and in 
St. Michael's Lutheran Church, where Rev. B. W. Schmauk, 
a former pastor and special friend, and Rev. Dr. G. F. Spie- 
ker, the present pastor, delivered addresses, a very large con- 
course of people having assembled. Rev. Dr. A. R. Home, 
his successor in the charge which he had served, read the 
above biographical sketch of the deceased, and also perform- 
ed the burial service at Fairview Cemetery, all of which was 
done in accordance with his desire expressed vears before. 
A son, Robert J. Yeager, of Allentown, and a daughter. 
Mrs. J. B. Reeme, of Chicago, survive. His wife, who was 
Maria, a daughter of Jacob and Maria Grimm, of Friedens- 
ville, died 1 1 years earlier than he. His daughter Amanda, 
first wife of J. B. Reeme, his son. Dr. Theodore C. Yeager, 
and an unmarried daughter. Sarah Y\\, also preceded him to 
the eternal world. Six grandchildren also survive, namely, 
Minnie W. and Norton, children of Dr. Theodore C. Yea- 
ger ; Albert and Andrew, sons of Robert J. Yeager ; and Effie 
B. and Annetta, daughter of J. B. Reeme, Esq. 


Well done, good and faithful servant ; enter thou into 
thy reward, while we remember those who have spoken unto 
us the Word of Life. 

Joshua Yeager's large field of labor extended over an 
immense territory, and at least a dozen congregations have 
sprung, in part or entirely, from his original pastorate, such 
as Apple's Church, Hellertown, South Bethlehem, Beth- 
lehem, West Bethlehem, Salisbury, Altona, Rittersville, 
Catasauqua, Howertown, Bath, St. Paul's, St. Michael's. St 
John's and St. Peter's, Allentown, etc. 

The following is a synopsis of his official acts : 
Entered in ministry, 1827. 

Children baptized 6.859 

Confirmed 3.875 

Communed 50,000 

Buried 2 -7°3 

Married 2,000 

Susie Yeager, a Schoolmate of Lincoln in Kentucky 

The original Yeager settler in Tennessee was Daniel 
Yeager and the original Yeager settler in Kentucky was 
Cornelius Yeager. Both went from Pennsylvania about the 
time the Lincolns and the Boones left Berks county — prior 
to the Revolution. 

Cornelius settled in Washington county, Kentucky, and 
his grandson, Joseph Yeager, married Susan Rinev, daugh- 
ter of /achariah Riney, who was Abraham Lincoln's first 
school teacher. 

Miss Helen Xicolay, whose father, John ( i. Xicolay. 
and John Hay, the late Secretary of State, wrote the one 
great "Life of Lincoln," wrote what is considered by author- 


ities, the best "Boys' Life of Lincoln." Miss Nicolay says 
that when Lincoln was four years of age his parents moved 
to a "much bigger and better farm on Knob Creek." "It 
was," she says, "while living on this farm that Abraham and 
his sister, Sarah, first began going to school. Their earliest 
teacher was Zachariah Riney, who taught near the Lincoln 

In this connection the following letter is interesting and 
instructive, for Miss Nicolay truly says "that of the early 
part of Lincoln's childhood almost nothing is known." 

In response to an inquiry sent by the United States 
Marshal, James M. Yeager, whether she was a schoolmate 
of Lincoln's, Mrs. Yeager wrote as follows : 

Dear Sir : I was very glad to hear from you. Many 
thanks. Yes, I went to school with Abraham Lincoln. I re- 
member Abe Lincoln well when he was a little bit of a fel- 
low. It was in what is now LaRue county, but was then a 
part of Hardin county, that Abe Lincoln and I went to the 
same school. My father, Zachariah Riney, was the teacher. 
I can see the old school house now. It was built of rough 
logs as all school houses were in those days. The logs were 
so arranged at the corners of the building that the ends 
stuck out and formed little recesses in which the children 
played at hide and seek. These were favorite hiding places 
for little Abe. The school house had no windows, but one 
log removed the whole length of the building served for 
light and the floor was of dirt. The benches consisted of 
logs, split in the middle and placed alongside the walls. 
There was just one bench made of a plank. This was looked 
upon with envy, and the children used to fight daily for the 
privilege of sitting upon it. The school house was situated 
on Knob Creek, where it joins Rolling Ford. I remember 




that Abe's sister brought him to school. He was then six- 
years old, and I was ten. They walked a distance of several 
miles He was most diligent at his studies. The one thing 
that T remember best about was his unfailing good humor. 
He was an extra good boy. He never received a whipping. 
He was very gentle in his manners. I remember seeing him 
bending down saplings for horses. This was his favorite 
amusement at play time. The family moved to Illinois and 
I never saw them again. I am now nearly ninety-three years 
of age and do not feel as I did when I went to school and 
played with little Abe Lincoln. 

Hope to hear from you again. 

Yours truly, 

Susie Yeager. 

Rinevville, Ky., Sept. 15, 1897. 

Another Yeager settler in Kentucky at an earlv date 
was Nicholas, who emigrated from Germany to Pennsylva- 
nia in 1713. 

Nicholas, of Kentucky j Adam 

Levi T. . 

Nicholas, of Culpepper, Va. 
Frederick, of Madison, Va. 


\ Levi T., died in Danville, Ken- 
Churchill } tucky, Feb. 23, 1894. 

Annye Mae of Monticello, Mo. 

Who was the recipient of special 
honors at the World's Ex- 
position at St. Louis in 1904. 

;. f » 


The oldest settler, with one exception, in the city of Lan- 
ark, Illinois, is Joseph Yeager, a great-grandson of Andrew 
Yeager of Dauphin county, the Revolutionary patriot. 
The following appeared in the Lanark Gazette, May 30th, 

Golden Wedding 

Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Yeager Celebrate the Fiftieth Anni- 
versary of Their Marriage 

The celebration of the fiftieth anniversary of the mar- 
riage of Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Yeager, which was held Sun- 
day and Monday, was a social event of unusual and wide- 
spread interest. A golden wedding is a rare occasion and 
there was an added attraction in this event in the fact that 
Mr. Yeager is the oldest resident who has been in continuous 
business, and also the oldest settler in the city with the ex- 
ception of Mr. Jerry Sheller, who came here one hour be- 
fore Mr. Yeager. 

( hit of town guests began to arrive on Saturday in or- 
der to be present at the family reunion on Sunday. About 
thirty relatives and intimate friends gathered for this occa- 
sion, some of whom had not met for years. A sumptuous 
dinner was served, which with the good cheer accompany- 
ing it, made one of the most enjoyable features of the day. 
Carnations and ferns were used for the decorations in the 
dining room. The place cards were hand painted gilt hearts. 
Most of the day was spent in recalling old acquaintances, talk- 
ing over former days, and in singing familiar songs. It was 
a day never to be forgotten by those fortunate enough to he 



Golden Wedding Receptions 

On Monday afternoon from three to five and Monday 
evening from eight to ten occurred the Golden Wedding re- 

The spacious Yeager home was beautifully decorated 
with roses, lilies, carnations, ferns, magnolias from Atlanta, 
Georgia, and roses and poppies from Ocean Park, Califor- 
nia. The electric lights were covered with gold colored 
shades which cast a mellow light over the rooms. In the 
dining room streamers of golden crepe paper extended from 
the center of the room to the sides, making a canopy effect. 
A card having on it the dates 1856-1906 hung over the table. 

The guests in the afternoon were received by Mr. and 
Mrs. E. D. Hawke, of Rockford. and Miss Yeager. They 
then passed into the parlor where they were greeted by Mr. 
and Mrs. Yeager. Hearty congratulations and wishes for 
many returns of the day were extended to this worthy cou- 
ple with whom time and Divine Providence has dealt very 
kindly during all these years of wedded life. 

The friends, after receiving from Mrs. Frank Yeaeer 
the favors which were white daisies with golden centers, 
were ushered into the dining room by Mr. Conant of Daven- 
port, Iowa. Here frappe and wafers were served by Mrs. 
Laird of Oberlin, Ohio, and Mrs. Hime of Beloit. Wisconsin, 
assisted by the Mesdames Conant and Gaghagen and Miss 
Bates of Millersburg, Pa., and Mrs. Taylor of Freeport. 
Mrs. Hicks had charge of the registering. Each guest was 
asked to write his name on a card, and these cards will be 
kept as souvenirs of the day. 

The evening reception was similar to that held in the 
afternoon. Mrs. Frank Yeager and Mr. and Mrs. Hawk 


received the guests ; Miss Yeager dispensed the favors ; 
Messrs. Conant and Finfrock acted as ushers. In the din- 
ing room Mrs. Frank Yeager and Miss Corbett, assisted by 
the Misses Taylor, Risley, Goddard and Pauline Risley, 
served refreshments. 

During the afternoon and evening nearly three hundred 
friends were entertained at the receptions. Their presence 
and the spirit of good, fellowship manifested, testify to the 
kindly way in which Mr. and Mrs. Yeager are regarded in 
this community where they have lived for the last forty-five 
years. Not only among Lanark people do they find their 
friends, for letters and telegrams of congratulation have 
been received from all parts of the United States. 

Although the guests were asked to omit gifts, yet many 
beautiful remembrances were received, among which were 
gifts from the business men and from the official board of 
the M. E. Church. 

Two relics of 1856 were displayed which attracted a 
great deal of attention. One was a daguerreotype of Mr. 
and Mrs. Yeager, taken the day after the wedding. The 
other interesting relic was the wedding carriage which was 
given a place of honor on the lawn. This buggy was hired 
by Mr. Yeager for the wedding trip. It was afterward pur- 
chased by Mr. Nathan Kreps. After many vears of hard 
use the buggy was brought to Mr. Yeager's carriage shop 
for repair. This chanced to be on the day of his thirtieth an- 
niversary, lie recognized the buggy and told Mr. Kreps of 
his interest in it. After the death of the owner about a year 
ago, the buggv was given to Mr. Yeager in accordance with 
the wish of Mr. Kreps. Mr. and Mrs. Yeager had their pic- 
tures taken in the carriage on Monday. 


The following- were the out of town guests: 
Mr. and Mrs. E D. Hawk, Rockford, 111. 
Lloyd Hawk, Aurora, 111. 
Harold Hawk, Rockford, 111. 

Mr. and Mrs. Henry Yeager and daughter, Chicago 
Heights, 111. 

Mrs. S. L. Laird, Oberlin, Ohio. 

Mrs. Mary Hime and grandson, Beloit, Wis. 

Mr. and Mrs. T. O. Conant, Davenport, la. 

Mrs. John Gaghagen, Davenport, Iowa. 

Miss Hannah Bates, Millersburg, Pa. 

Mrs. Rev. Leonard Holt, Chicago, 111. 

Mrs. I. X. Duncan, Rockford, 111. 

Mrs. Xancy Bowers, Forreston, 111. 

Miss Mary Hawk, Chadwick, 111. 

Mrs. Oscar Taylor, Freeport, 111. 

Mrs. A. X. Woodside, Freeport, 111. 

Mr. and Mrs. James Graham, Mt. Carroll, 111. 

Miss Fannie Graham, Mt. Carroll, 111. 

Mr. and Airs. A. P. Woodruff, Savanna, 111. 

Mr. and Mrs. A. J. Gray, Savanna, 111. 

Mr. and Mrs. A. B. Puterbaugh, Milledgeville, 111. 

Mrs Hannah H. Bingaman, Chicago, 111. 

Historical Sketch 

Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Yeager, who passed the fiftieth 
milestone of their wedded life Sunday, were both born in 
Pennsylvania. Mrs. Yeager — Sarah Bowers — came with 
her parents to Freeport in March, 1852. From Freeport 
the family drove in a wagon across the country about twenty- 
five miles to the home of Mr. Peter Michaels, about five miles 
east of Lanark. The}' finally located at Brookville. Mr. 
Yeager came to Rockford in 1854 where he worked at har- 
ness making until the fall of 1855. At that time he engaged 
in business in Brookville. 




c « 



Mr. and Mrs. Yeager were married at Oregon, Ogle 
county, May 2j, 1856, by Rev. G. A. Bowers. After the 
wedding dinner the bride and groom drove in the buggy 
which was exhibited on their fiftieth anniversary, to Spring 
Valley, now Davis Junction, and to Rockford where they 
spent a few days visiting friends. They began housekeeping 
in Rrookville and lived there five years. November 7, 1861, 
they moved to Lanark. At that time the only families in 
Lanark were the two who boarded the men working on the 
railroad. The building occupied by the family as a resi- 
dence and bv Mr. Yeager as his place of business had been 
moved from Rrookville and placed on Lower Broad street. 
This building is the second one south of Mr. Swigart's 
tailor shop. In the spring of 1862, Mr. Yeager built on the 
corner occupied by DeGraff Brothers' furniture store, and 
moved his business in the fall of the same year. The family 
continued to live in the building first occupied until July, 
1868, when they came to their present home. The house at 
that time was what is now the north upright ; later a wing 
was added to the south. Eighteen years ago the house was 
remodeled as it is at present. Mr. Yeager engaged in the 
harness business until 1875 when he went into the buggy 
business. In 1884 he entered into partnership with his son, 
Frank Yeager, the firm being known as Yeager & Son. The 
building in which the business is now carried on was remov- 
ed from Broad street to its present location in 18S2. Mr. 
Yeager has been in business in Lanark continuously for 
forty-five years. Both he and Mrs. Yeager have always been 
public spirited, interested in whatever pertained to the wel- 
fare of the city. Mr. Yeager has served on the school board 
and the board of aldermen, has been treasurer and tax col- 


lector. He is an influential member of several lodges and 
of the M. E. Church. 

Mr. and Mrs. Yeager's interest in public affairs, their 
helpfulness and sympathy have kept them cheery and hope- 
ful, so instead of calling' them seventy-three years old. we 
may well and fittingly say they are seventy-three years 


( Anthony — married Abigail 
I Jacob — married Judith 

Dorothy — married B. Hosterman 

Conrad — died in 1767 

Nicholas — married Eva. 

2. Ann R. Hillegas 

mmigrated In 1710; died in ^ John — married Elizabeth 

Oley Township. 1755 

Died in 1777. 

married Dorothy. 

ANDREW— married Dorothy. 


Some of the above spelled the 
I name Jaeger and some changed 
I it to Hunter, the English for 
1^ Jager. 

r Margaret 
i Catharine 
| Susanna 
\ Valentine 




Descendants of Andrew Yeager, son of Andrew, son 
John George, Revolutionary soldier of Dauphin county: 
r Matthias. 
I Christopher, 
j JOHN. 
{ Mrs. Shoop. 
j Mrs. Moyer 


ried 1775, Anna Barbara Schu- 

ster of Germany, 
grandparents of J. 
ger of Yeagertown 

. Yea- 

Mrs. W 

lliam Swab 

JOHN YEAGER, married 
Catharine Row, Northumber- 
land County, Pa. Grandpar- 
ents of J. M. Yeager of Yea- 

( Christopher. 
I Simon. 

X Catharine. 
I Mary. 

I Peter. 
[ Joseph 



William Brooke Yeager 

Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 
Great-great-grandson of Andrew Yeager of Dauphin County 




r Susanna 

\ Josiah 
] Daniel 
I Elizabeth 
I Catharine 








Susanna Bordner 

C Sarah, married Charles Bates, 
born Aug. 27, 1816. 

Delia, born Aug. 31, 1819. 
I Amos, born July 15, 1821. 
\ Susanna, born Aug. 9, 1823. 
] Hannah, born June 30, 1828. 

Joseph, born Dec. 12, 1832. 

John, born Aug. 25, 1834. 

Jacob — married Elizabeth Kop- 
l penheffer. 

George Bumngton 

f Cyrus 
I Amanda 

I John 

! George W. 
i Catharine 

I Leah 
I Jtremiah 
| Peter 
(^ Aaron 


married Thomas Woodside 

( Daniel 
I Thomas 

i John 
I Mary 
t Rebecca 







grandson of Andrew Yea- 
ger — the Revolutionary sol- 
dier; married Sarah Bow- 
ers, May 27, 1856. 

John, son of Andrew; mar- 
ried Susanna Bufflngton, 

Verna C, married E. D. Hawk. 
Frank, born Oct. 19, 1858, mar- 
ried Phebe Lang. 
Mary A. 
Henry R., born Mar. 8, 1864, 

married Marguerite Dunlap. 
Jennie G. 

Jonathan, born June 1st, 1817 
Simon, born Nov. 20th, 1818 
Daniel, born Oct. 29th, 1820 
Joseph, born June 26th, 1822 
Benjamin, bcrn Aug. 22, 1824 
George, born Aug. 17th, 1826 
Susanna, born Mar. 26th, 1828 
JEFEMIAH M., born Mar. 26th, 

Mrs. Sue R. (Yeager) Ort 

(Mrs. Rev. M. Ort) 
Great-great-grand-daughter of Andrew Yeager, the Revolutionary Soldier 

John Henry, died in Hospital, 
Alexandria, Va. 

Sue R., married Rev. Melanc- 
thon Or 1 .. 

Anna Mary, married H. Phillips. 



Catharine Snyder 


John Henry Yeager 

of Yeagertown, of Co. <). First Regiment, P. V. Bugler. 

Died in hospital at Alexandria, Va., Juno. 1863. 




Elizabeth Sager 

( Mary Marion 
J Willis 
\ Martin Luther 

I Elizabeth 

MARY MARION YEAGER, I Mary Elizabeth, born Feb. 5, 
born May 28, 1854, in Yea- J 1877 
gertown, Pa. ; married May j 
23, 1872, Samuel Dell. ( Grace Irene, bcrn Nov. 11, 1878 


married McClellan Orth \ Letitia 

r Mabel Merrill, born Jan. 31, 1881 
Mary Edith, born June 10, 1884 
Beulah Marion, born Oct. 31, 
WILLIS YEAGER, born May I Eva Cat harine, born Dec. 23, 
1 1887 
] William McCleary, born Mar. 9, 

| Simon Harold, born Aug. 13, 

i Eugene McClelland, born Feb. 6, 
I 1896 

17. 1856. 
Married Sept. 3, 1879. 
Letitia C. Orth, born Dec. 

15, 1859. 

Born Apr. 29, 1857; mar- i 
ried to Emma Jane Mitch ' 
ell, born Oct. 24, 1862. 

r Mabel May, born June 16, 1883 

I Charles Porter, bcrn May 14, 


William Oscar, born Aug. 1, 
1888; died Oct. 21, 1889 

Stella Jane, born Jan. 25, 1891 
I Walter Luther, born Jan. IS, 
t 1895. 

r Susanna, married Sam'l i Thos. E 
DANIEL YEAGER, married I p. McKillips, Nov. 17, 1870 ) Jesse 
Amelia Elizabeth Huffnagle j 
(born Nov. 17, 18241 March ) Annie E., born Dec. 16, 1847, 


14, 1844. 

Public School teacher for 
many years in Mifflin county. 

JOSEPH YEAGER, born June 26, 1822; married Miss Eleanor 
Swartz, of Lewistown, Pa. 

BENJAMIN YEAGER, born August 22, 1824. 


William Jacob Yeage 




Sophia Stroup 


James, died young 

OSCAR YEAGER, born Aug- 
ust 11, 1853; married June 
9, 1876, Ida Frances Bright, 
born Sept. 13, 1858. 

f George Henry, born Mar. 8, 1S77, 
died Jan. 4, 1880. 

Frank Bright, born Oct. 19, 187S 

J James Oscar, born Jan. 16, 1881 

I Frances Franciscus, born Oct. 
4, 1883. 

I Frederick Saylor, born Nov. 14, 
I 1885. 

died Oct. 11, 1878 

Win. Paul 

C Susanna, died Oct. 11, 1878 
j Mary Ellen, died May 11, 1893 

Kate Bridge 

Chatman Yeager 
\ Adaline Strayer 
I Anna Sophia 
I William Jacob 
| Laura, married ( Albert 

t Maurice Prettyleaf ) Francis 

married Mary Jane Creighton 

Anna Mann Brisbin 

( William Jacob, born Nov. 7, 1855 
JAMES MARTIN, born Nov. 2, 
. Jesse Orin, born May 11, 1864 
I, Bertha Mann, born Aug. 7, 1879 


Almira Spanogle 

May 20, 1880 

Andrew J. 
Mary Edith 
William J., Jr. 


Emma McElroy 

Rhinebeck, N. Y. 

James Creighton, born Jan. 1, 


Marion, born Oct. 1, 1891. 

JESSE ORIN YEAGER married Josephine L. Case of Colorado, 
June 21, 1892. 



Jesse Orin Yeager 



married \ 

Chas. Alexander Rice 
January 8, 1903 

ried Annette Holahan of 
Lancaster, Pa., Oct. 26, 


J Clifford, born October 21, 1903 

Julia Ann, born May 10, 1912 



% ■■ 



■f" ■ 


i, jt/ 



'■'■■■ : V 


Miss Bertha Mann Yeager 

(Mrs. Charles A. Rice) 
Daughter of J. M. Y eager and Anna Mann Yeager 

Josiah Y eager, son of Christopher, son of John, son of 
Andrew, of Berrysburg, Penna., (great-grandson of Andrew 
Yeager, the Revolutionary soldier), was born on a farm in 
Dauphin county, July n, 1830, and married Louisa Enter- 
line, Sept. 2nd, 185 1, a descendant of Rev. Michael Enter- 



For some years prior to his death, which occurred Jan- 
uary 18, 1890, he was engaged in the lumber business. He 
was a man of the highest character. 

Frank N. Yeager, M. D. 

The fruits of their marriage were six children, four boys 
living and two daughters dead. 

Charles Henry Y eager was horn Jan. 2, 1854. 1 Te was 
educated in the public schools (if Berrysburg, learned the 
trade 1 { tanning, which business he carried on for a number 


of years in Uniontown, Dauphin County, Pa. He married 
Anna Meckley of Fisherville, Dauphin County. They have 
one child, a daughter. 

Edwin Lewis Yeager was born March 16, 1855. He 

Rev. William E. Yeager 

was educated at Berrysburg Seminary, read medicin; 
young and graduated at the age of 22 from Jefferson Med- 
ical College, Philadelphia. After leaving college, he receiv- 
ed the appointment of resident physician of the City Hos- 



pital, Harrisburg. He eventually located in Nuremburg, 
Schuylkill County. He married Rosa Mummy of same 
place. They have two boys and three girls living. 

Frank Neivton Yeager was born July 17th, 1857. lie 
was educated at the Berrysburg Seminary lie was engaged 
in the lumber business with his father for four years. He 
then took up the study of medicine and graduated from the 
University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, in t888. After 
receiving his diploma, he located in Philadelphia where he 
is practicing at the present time. He was married to Mary 
A. Eckels of Carlisle, Pa.. June 16, 1892. They have one 
child, a boy. 

William Enterline Yeager was born Aug. 3, 1864. He 
graduated from the following" schools : Berrysburg Sem- 
inary, 188] ; Dickinson College, Carlisle, in [887, and Drew 
Theological Seminar)- in [891. He entered the Philadelphia 
Conference M. E. Church in the Spring of [891, married 
Miss Anna Baer of Lancaster, Pa., and was recent!)- ap- 
pointed pastor of Christ Church, Philadelphia. 

( Charles B., Omaha, Neb. 

I Laura R.— married T. 0. Con- 

JACOB YEAGER, of Iowa, aut ot Daven port, Iowa, 

sen of John, son of John, Edward R Guthrie Centre, 

son of Andrew; born Sept. ! iowa 

18, 1837; married Eiizab; tn \ wmiam MexicQ 

KcPPenheffer March J, . Cor& M 

I Lillian P. 

t Joseph F., deceased 

Jacob Yeager, of Iowa, left Pennsylvania in April i860. 
Served in the [6th Iowa Regt. in the Civil War. He wrote 
to Eastern friends whom he visited in the summer of [909, 
after an absence of fifty years, in February, [910: "Am just 
back from a trip to New Mexico to visit my son. William." 
lie is a great-grandson of Andrew of Dauphin county. 


Charles Bates Passes Away 

Deceased spent the greater portion of his life, covering 
a period of over four-score years, in Millersburg, Pa., and 
vicinity. He was married to Sarah Yeager, who died Octo- 
ber 27, i8q8, and to this union were born ten children, but 
three only of whom survive: Mrs. Sophia Hawley, Mrs. 
Curtis Sprowles and Miss Hannah Bates. Those who pre- 
ceded him in death were Mrs. Catherine McClain, Mrs. De- 
lilah Zimmerman, Mrs. Mary Allison. Sarah, John, Leah and 

Since the death of his aged companion, he resided most 
of his time with his daughter, Mrs. Hawley, on North Street, 
where he died on Monday morning after an illness of sev- 
eral weeks. He was a member of the United Evangelical 
church for many years, and died as he had lived, in the true 
Christian faith. His funeral took place on Wednesday after- 
noon, and was attended by many neighbors and relatives. 
Rev. J. G. Roughter, his pastor, had charge of the funeral 
services. He was assisted by Rev. Jay Dickerson of the 
Methodist church. The services were held in the United 
Evangelical church. 

An "interesting incident in the married life of this aged 
couple, who are sleeping side by side in Oak Hill Cemetery, 
is still fresh in the memory of many of our readers. A few 
years before the death of Mrs. Rates they celebrated their 
golden wedding anniversary in the presence of a number 
of old friends. The bridal couple were dressed on this occa- 
sion in the same wedding apparel worn by them at their mar- 
riage fifty years ago. 

Among the relatives in attendance at the funeral from 
a distance were Anthony Rates, brother of the deceased ; 
James Rates, J. Ren Nace, George Rates and wife, all of 
Williamstown ; Mr. and Mrs. Harry Ruffiington of Newport ; 
Mrs. Isaiah Ruffington and son. Airs. A. M. Tschopp, Mrs. 
Kate Ruffington and son, of Elizabethville ; Mrs. Harry 
Nace, Miss Jane Nace, Halifax, and Mrs. Samuel Sweigard 
of Lvkens. — Millersburg, Pa., Journal. 



The Pennsylvania German 

We are rapidly approaching the day when the great and 
loyal services, which the early German settler in Pennsyl- 
vania rendered his adopted country, are beginning to be ap- 
preciated. In his thrift, steadiness, and love of liberty, wc 
discover the source of much that is great in the State, and a 
large part of the greatness of the nation. We extol the 
Pennsylvania German who was loyal to the English Crown, 
in spite of his sufferings from 1755 to 1763, who was equally 
loyal to his country in 177^). and who has been ever loyal to 
it since then. 

Hon. II. M. M. Richards. 


Military Record of the Pennsylvania Yeagers 

French and Indian Wars, 1756-1763 

Martin Yeager and his wife were killed by the Indians 
in Lynn Township, Northumberand County, 1757. 

John Yeager served in the Provincial Forces from 
Forks Township, Northampton County, 1756. 

Catherine Yeager, a child of eight years, was carried 
away by the Indians in Northampton County in 1756. 

War of the Revolution, 1775-1783 

Col. Daniel (Hunter) Yeager, Berks County. 
Captain Frederick Yeager, P>erks County. 
George Yeager, Chester County. 
George Yeager, Lebanon County. 
John Yeager, Lancaster County. 
Andrew Yeager, Lancaster County. 
Christopher Yeager, Lancaster County. 
Adam Yeager, Philadelphia County. 
Matthew Yeager, Lancaster County. 
Casper Yeager, Philadelphia County. 
Leonard Yeager, Philadelphia County. 
Henry Yeager, Berks County. 
Philip Yeager, Philadelphia County. 
Joseph Yeager Washington County. 
Christian Yeager, Lancaster County. 
George Yea<rer, Washington County. 
Yalentine Yeager, Philadelphia County. 

War of 1812 

Jacob Yeager, Dauphin County. 
Christopher Yeager, Dauphin County. 
Peter Yeager, Chester County. 
Joseph Yeager, Lebanon County. 
Samuel Yeager, Capt. T. Hughes' Co. 
Christian Yeager, Lebanon County 
John Yeager, Lebanon Co. 


Peter Yeager, 2nd Capt. John Brown's Co. 
John Yeager, Northern Liberty Guards. 
Benjamin Yeager, Capt. James Perle's Co. 
Joseph Yeager, 2nd Capt. Henry Meyers' Co. 
Daniel Yeager, Berks County. 
Henry Yeager, Capt. A. Moore's Co. 
Frederick Yeager, Berks County. 

Mexican War 

Ferdinand Yeager, Private Co. K, ist Regt. ; mustered 
in at Philadelphia by Capt. Scott; discharged July 24. 1848, 
at Pittsburgh, Pa. 

War of the Rebellion--1861-'65 

Harrison Yeager — Killed at Chancellorsville, Ya. One 
hundred rind Forty-eighth Regiment, Company H. 

John W. Yeager — Wounded at Gettysburg, Pa. One 
Hundred and Fifty-first Regiment, Company I. 

Henry F. Yeager — One Hundred and Fifty-first Regi- 
ment, Company I. 

Peter Yeager, Jr. — Wounded at Gettysburg, Pa. One 
Hundred and Fifty-Third Regiment, Company E. 

William R. Yeager — ( )ne Hundred and Sixtieth Regi- 
ment, Company F. 

Jesse Yeager — ' )ne Hundred and Sixty-third Regiment, 
Company I. 

James A. Yeager — ( )ne Hundred and Seventy-sixth 
Regiment, Company B. 

Abraham Yeager — Twenty-first Cavalry. Company F. 

Nathaniel Yeager — ( )ne Hundred and Ninety-second 
Regiment, Company II. 

Alfred J. Yeager — ( hie Hundred and Twenty-ninth 
Regiment, Company B. 

Eli Yeager — Wounded at Fredericksburg, Va. One 
Hundred and Twenty-ninth Regiment, Company B. 

Conrad Yeager — ( )ne I fnudred and Thirty-first Regi- 
ment, Company C. 

Solomon Yeager — One Hundred and Thirty-first Regi- 
ment. Company C. 

William Yea ,v er — Wounded at Fredericksburg, Va. 
One Hundred and Thirty-first Regiment, Company C. 

Daniel L. Yeager — One Hundred and Thirty-second 
Regiment. Company 1 1. 



Edward Yeager — Died at Bridgeport, Ala.. One Hun- 
dred and Forty-seventh Regiment. Company H. 

Samuel Yeager — Died at Andersonville, Ga. One Hun- 
dred and Forty-eighth Regiment, Company B. 

William Yeager — Promoted to Corporal One Hundred 
and Twenty-seventh Regiment, Companv D. 

Frederick M. Yeager — Colonel — Captured at Chancel- 
lorsville, Ya. One Hundred and Twenty-eighth Regiment, 
Company C. 

Frank Yeager — One Hundred and Twenty-eighth Reg- 
iment, Company E. 

John H. Yeager — One Hundred and Twenty-eighth 
Regiment, Company H. 

Jackson Yeager — One Hundred and Ninety-sixth Regi- 

Henry E. Yeager — Promoted to Corporal — -One Hun- 
dred and Ninety-ninth Regiment, Company I. 

August L. Yeager — Two Hundred and Fifth Regiment, 
Company H. 

Charles C. Yeager — First Lieutenant — Twenty-fourth 
Regiment, Militia. 1862. 

William H. Yeager — One Hundred and Eighteenth Regi- 
ment, Company C. 

Edwin A. Yeager — Discharged for wounds received at 
Shepherdstown, W. Ya. One Hundred and Eighteenth 
Regiment, Companv I. 

John Yeager — Seventy-eighth Regiment. Died at 
Nashville, Tenn. 

George F. Yeager — First Regiment, Company G. 

Franklin Yeager — Second Regiment, Company A. 

George Yeager, M. D. — Forty-sixth Regiment, Com- 
pany E. 

Elias Yeager — Transferred to 4th Regiment, U. S. Ar- 
tillery — Forty-sixth Regiment, Companv E. 

David S. Yeager — Forty-nin'.h Regiment, Companv B. 

Adam W. Yeager — Killed at Petershurg, Ya. Fifty- 
first Regiment. Company A. 

Thomas Yeager — Major — Killed at Fair Oaks, Ya. 

Hiram B. Yeager — Captain — Resigned Jan. 8, i8 r >3— 
Sixtv-eiehth Reeiment, Companv I. 

Leonard Yeager — One Hundred and Twelfth Battery 
C — Second Artillery. 

Joseph Yeager — Died at Petershurg, Ya. — One Hun- 
dred and Twelfth — Battery C — Second Artillery. 



John Yeager — ( )ne Hundred and Twelfth — Second Ar- 
tillery — Battery C. 

William Yeager — ( )ne Hundred and Twelfth — Second 
Artillery — Battery G. 

Samuel H. Yeager — One Hundred and Twelfth — Sec- 
ond Artillery — Battery G. 

John W. Yeager — Discharged on Surgeon's certificate 
— Thirtieth Regiment — Company G. 

Ellis Yeager — Discharged on Surgeon's certificate — 
Thirtv-fourth Regiment — Fifth Reserve. 

Henry S. Yeager — Missing in action at White Oak 
Swamj), Ya. — Thirty-sixth Regiment — Seventh Reserve, 
Company G. 

Albert Yeager — Killed at I lull Run — Twenty-eighth 
Regiment, Company D. 

John H Yeager, of Yeagertown, Pa. — Died at Alexan- 
dria. Ya. — Forty-fourth Regiment — First Cavalry. 

Jacob Yeager — Seventy-eighth Regiment, Company F. 

Henry C. Yeager — Second Lieut, and resigned 1862. 

Charles Yeager — Discharged on Surgeon's certificate- 
One Hundred and Nineteenth Regiment, Company D. 

Frederick Yeacrer — One Hundred and Twentv-second 
Regiment, Company F. 

George W. Yeager — One Hundred and Twenty-fifth 
Regiment. Company B. 

Leonard Yeager — One Hundred and Twenty-sixth 
Regiment, Company D. 

Jeremiah Yeaqer — One Hundred and Twenty-sixth 
Regiment, Company H. 

Spencer Yeasrer — Eighth Regiment, Company B. 

Horatio D. Yeager — Seventeenth Regiment, Company 

Andrew J. Yeager — Twenty-second Regiment, Com- 
pany K. 

E. S. Yeager — Twenty-fifth Regiment, Company C. 

John Yeager — Killed at Cold Harbor, Va. — Twentv- 
third Regiment, Company G. 

Milton J. Yeager — 1st Sgt. — Eightv-seventh Regiment, 
( "ompany A. 

Theo. TT. Yeager — Twentieth Resriment, Company F. 

Edward G. Yeager — Ninety-second Regiment, Company 

Augustus Yeager — Ninety-eighth Regiment. Company 



George Yeager — One Hundred and First Regiment, 
Company C. 

Christopher Yeager — One Hundred and Second Regi- 
ment. Company M. 

At this late day medals of honor, says Harper's Bazaar, 
September n, 1907, for bravery in the civil war have been 
presented to four soldiers — George N. Bliss, of Providence, 
Rhode Island; R. T. Irwin Shepard, of Winona, Minnesota; 
Chester S. Furman, of Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania ; and Ja- 
cob Yeager, of Tiffin, Ohio. Three of these distinguished 
themselves by leading forlorn hopes ; but Yeager, who was 
a private, won his medal by his heroic action in snatchin * up 
a shell with a burning fuse, which had fallen into the ranks 
of his company, and throwing it into a stream that flowed 
close by. 

Spanish American War 

Charles C. Yeager, Private A, 3d Regiment. 
Claude S., Private F, 4th Regiment. 
Frank, Private M, 6th Regiment. 
George, Private G, 14th Regiment. 
John D., Private L, 4th Regiment. 
Luther A., Private A, 4th Regiment. 
William, Private C, 2d Regiment. 
William, Private G, 6th Regiment. 
William M., private G, 18th Regiment. 

First Defenders 

Thomas Yeager — Captain Allen Guard, Allentown. Pa. 
Frederick M. Yeager — Captain Ringgold Artillery, 
Reading, Pa. 



The Private Soldier 

Hon. Amos J. Cummings of New York fought gallantly 
in the war, and his speech at Antietam on Memorial Day 
had the right ring. He said : 

"Despite the praises bestowed upon soldiers of high 
rank the private was the true hero of the war. His was 
the duty of obedience. Right loyally he fulfilled it. He 
went to his death at the word of command unquestioning, 
but not unreasoning. Frequently it was death at the can- 
non's mouth ; more frequently an insidious wasting away 
under the poison of burning fevers. Success in battle de- 
pends more on the courage than on the ability of the leader. 
The pluck and gallantry of the private retrieves many a mis- 
take of those higher in rank, lie dies uncomplainingly and 
is usually forgotten. His bravery and endurance in the 
war command our admiration, his sufferings enlist our sym- 
pathy " 

Coming generations, as they read the history of the 
war in a light free from the lingering haze of the mighty con- 
flict, will admire no feature of that conflict more earnestly 
than the steadfast faith and devotion of the rank and file of 
the Union armies. 



Show Pennsylvania Troops Were Real 
First Defenders 

Letter From Major Thomas Yeager Shows Falsity of Mas- 
sachusetts' Claim-Arrived One Day Ahead 

Allentown, Pa., April 29. 191 1 — In view of the fact 
that the veterans of the Sixth Massachusetts Regiment are 
disputing the claim that the Pennsylvania First Defenders 
were the first troops to reach Washington in defense of the 
Union upon Lincoln's call for volunteers after Fort Sumter 
had been fired upon, the first letter home by Major Thomas 
Yeager, commander of the Allen Infantry, of Allentown, 
and the leader of the First Defenders, has been resurrected. 

This is believed to have been the first letter home by 
any soldier who went to the Civil War. The letter was 
written by Major Yeager, then Captain Yeager, on Satur- 
day, April 20, 1861, two days after the First Defenders had 
arrived in Washington in advance of all other troops. The 
letter is now in possession of Thomas P. Yeager, of Allen- 
town, late sergeant of the Regular Army, and a nephew of 
Major Yeager. It was written to Reuben Guth, who was 
an Allentown newspaper editor in 1861, as a subject for edi- 
torial comment. 

Mistaken Identity 

An anonymous writer to the New York "Sun," who 
signs himself "Company K, Sixth Massachusetts Volun- 
teers," is mistaken in his assertion when he says he saw the 
Pennsylvania First Defenders held up at Baltimore as the 
Boston troops were fighting their way through the mob 
there, April 19, 186 1. On that flay the Pennsylvania First 


Defenders were already in Washington, having' arrived the 
night before. What the Boston man saw was Colonel 
Small's Philadelphia Regiment, which, unfortunately did 
not get through the mob that day. 

To a Pennsylvania!!, furthermore, the Boston soldier 

Major Thomas Yeager 

killed leading the charge at Fair Oaks. Va„ June 1. 1862. the d 
day President Lincoln signed his commission as Brigadier-General. 

is laughably mixed up .in his geography. He says the Penn- 
sylvania First Defenders he saw in Baltimore, April 10. 
1861, were enroute from "Philadelphia to Washington," 
whereas the truth of history is that the First Defenders went 


direct from Harrisburg to Baltimore, and thence to Wash- 
ington, on April 18, 1861, after having been sworn in at 
Camp Curtin. 

But the letter of Major Yeager, who was killed lead- 
ing the charge at Fair Oaks, the very day that Lincoln, who 
called him a "rare and indomitable spirit," decided to make 
him a brigadier general, settles the question. 

It proves beyond doubt that the five Pennsylvania Com- 
panies, the Allen Infantry, of Allentown, the Ringgold 
Light Infantry of Reading, the Logan Guards of Lewistown, 
Captain John B. Selheimer, the Washington Artillerists and 
the National Light Infantry, of Fottsville, whose survivors 
on April 18 last in Allentown celebrated the 50th anniversary 
of their arrival in Washington were the ones to get there first 
and are the First Defenders. 

Yeag;er's Letter 

Major Yeager's letter follows : — 

Sir : — I suppose you heard of the troubles at Baltimore. 
We were the first men that crossed Mason & Dixon's line on 
Thursday last. The Secessionists in Baltimore retained our 
box of merchandise that the citizens of Allentown gave us 
for an outfit. We received all our trunks but the box is 
wanting. Two of my men saw it in Baltimore when it was 
taken from the Harrisburg railroad train and placed in a 
baggage wagon. 

We just escaped with our lives going through Balti- 
more. I suppose you have already heard two of my men 
were hurt with clubs and stones. We have the stones in our 

Where is the other Allentown company ? We have no 
tidings of them here. The railroad is torn up between Har- 
risburg and Baltimore and between Baltimore and Philadel- 
phia. We have no news here. Unless the North sends men 


here soon and enough of them there will he doubts about 
holding Washington. 

1 presume you are all aware of the arrival of the Mass- 
achusetts regiment. They are quartered in the Senate 
chamber, in the same capitol building where we are. There 
is doubt whether any more Northern troops can pass through 

Colonel Forney, editor of "The Philadephia Press," call- 
ed on me personally after my arrival. He took me to his 
office, introduced me to the army officers and congratulated 
me for being one of the first from the Keystone State on 
the ground. Partook of champagne and brandy. He gave 
me ioo franked envelopes and said as soon as they got all 
he would send me more. 

The loyal citizens are calling every day at our head- 
quarters to render service. A Miss Bache sent us linens and 
things for those hurt fellows in our quarters, and white su- 
gar and milk for poultices. The cooking establishment in 
the Capitol is not well fixed. The Government is fixing 
every minute at it. We got 59 new minifies last night ; that 
is muskets. With each came fifteen rounds of ball and cart- 
ridge. So there are 1500 rounds in the Capitol. There are 
80,000 more in the arsenal. 

By Boat from Philadelphia 

The Northern troops will all have to come by water 
twenty-four hours from Philadelphia. There are three men- 
of-war stationed at the mouth of the Potomac. That seems 
at present the only avenue of entrance for the Northern 
troops. I presume you know that the Government blew up 
the Harpers Ferry Arsenal to prevent the rebels from re- 
cruiting there. 

A large number of loyal citizens, descendants of Penn- 
sylvania, residing here, come here and glory in our spunk in 
fighting through the riot on Thursday in Baltimore, three 
miles from one depot to the other. But we fought through 
nobly and stood by the Stars and Stripes. William Rube. 


and William Kress brought up the rear of the company, as I 
had no lieutenant. They showed fight with the butts of our 
old muskets. ( )h, it was awful ! You cannot imagine. 

Ours was the first riot on Thursday and on Friday came 
the second, when the Massachusetts regiment, about iooo, 
fought through. They all had minnie muskets out of the 
Springfield Armory, all leaded, and fifteen extra rounds. 
They killed a good many secessionists and lost two men and 
some wounded. Good for Massachusetts ! 

As to questions from the mob when we passed through, 
I had my men instructed to say nothing and not look around 
and stick to me. They did so. 

The mob yelled : "Ay, you traitors ! Abolitionists ! Abe 
Lincoln's militia ! Hurrah for Jeff Davis ! Hurrah for 
South Carolina ! Capitol suckers ! Hit him ! Stone him ! 
What muskets, no locks, no powder, sponges to wipe can- 
non for Jeff Davis!" 

Right and left on us ; their fists on our noses. You 
have no idea of their language and conduct and the danger 
we were in. 

The only reply I made was in one case to the question, 
"Where are you going?" My remark was, "For my coun- 

Did Not Tell Men 

The belief in Harrisburg, when we left there on Thurs- 
day morning, of all Curtin's administration and General 
Keim was we would be massacred in Baltimore, as we 
were the first Northern troops to cross Mason and Dixon's 
line, but they did not let us know it. I took the hint, but 
kept it from my men, as we were only a few hours in Har- 
risburg. General Keim at i o'clock at night called at my 
door, saying: — • 

"Captain Yeager, immediately to Washington. Load 
your guns." 

Says I : — • 

"They are not in a condition ; no locks, no flints." 


He remarked : — 

"They are good for clubs." 

When he said that to my answer, the word "club" cave 
me the hint of an intended massacre in Baltimore of us, but 
I left my men drink freely to keep up their spirits, so they 
should not take the hint. 

We were the first Pennsylvania troops getting to the 
seat <>f freedom, and not only of Pennsylvania, but of all 
free States. Phis courage and brisk move by us won us 
friends not only in Pennsylvania, but the friendship also of 
all the Southern and Northern Union papers, and particular- 
ly that of Colonel Forney, who called on us immediately and 
rejoiced in our courage in coming through the plotting as- 
sassins, especially since we did not have good arms 

If the Northern men take the stand in this matter that I 
did we will between now and three months march hack to 
our native firesides with the minnies on our shoulders, drums 
beating, trumpets sounding, the Stars and Stripes in our 
hats and playing "Hail Columbia" and the perpetual "Star 
Spangled Banner." "Hurrah, Hurrah, Hurrah." 

But this stand and firmness our loyal people of the free 
States must take immediately. Pet them come in citizens' 
dress as passengers They can be organized here. Send me 
a good strong, sober and honest Allentown man for a sec- 
ond lieutenant, with good character, immediately, in citi- 
zens' dress. When he arrives in Washington let him in- 
quire for Captain Yeager's Pennsylvania Volunteers. 1 fe 
will find us in a few moments as all the free States men here 
know me by reputation already, for the reason that I was die 
first here. 

Colonel Forney's Oiler 

Colonel Forney, since he called on us, sent a messenger 
whether he could do anything more. Forney is a man, and 
the army officers I am acquainted with are men, too. 

Their acquaintance is gotten in this way : They send 
messengers to different quarters of the volunteers, who rap 


at the door of the quarters and inquire for Captain So-and-So. 
"Is he in " The answer is "Yes." The reply of the mes- 
senger is: "Captain So-and-So, of the United States Army, 
will send a message in a few minutes." In a few minutes a 
message comes in writing, address : "Captain Yeager, Penn- 
sylvania Volunteers : I desire to see you in my office in one 
hour at the office in the Capitol, East, North, or Agriculture 
office, as the case may be. In this way you find out where 
they are. They are all in full uniform, very complimentary, 
but fierce, savage and resolute. 

I will have my trunk full of orders, letters, calls and in- 
structions by the time I get home. I preserved them all for 
the hereafter for information. I already have about a hat- 
full. We are called to Major McDonnell's quarters every 
few hours through the day and night, the captains only, to 
receive instructions. He is the main man, called mustering 
officer, United States Army. Fine man, 6 ft. 2 in. This let- 
ter is dated Saturday night, April 20, but I did not get it 
finished till Sunday night, so the latest is in and all correct. 

The following postscript was added to the letter : — 

P. S. They established a post office yesterday in the 
Capitol for the benefit of all volunteers. All letters address- 
ed to me or rny men must be addressed Captain T. Yeager, 
Pennsylvania Volunteers, Capitol Building, Washington, 
D. C. Tell Mrs. Yeager and my dear children and all 
friends all is right and feel good. 

Always immediately send my wife word when I write, 
to pacify her. This is all correct in this letter. You can get 
notices out of it and editorials as much as you want. The 
substance is in but I have no time to write "scientific." 

An Interesting Tale 

The story of how they acquired the right to call them- 
selves, as they do, First Defenders is an interesting one as 
told bv the survivors at their fiftieth anniversary. Almost 
without exception, these survivors are Pennsylvania Ger- 


mans. The records of our last three wars show that when 
it comes to jumping to the defense of one's country these 
Pennsylvania Germans are quicker on the take-off than any- 
body else. 

They say they were the first to volunteer in the Mex- 
ican war. In 1861 they hustled over to Washington ahead 
of everybody else. When the Spanish-American war came 
along they had got the habit, and the Fourth regiment, 
Pennsylvania National ( hiard, was the first to be mustered 
in at the State camp at Mount ( iretna. This was. in effect, 
a regiment of Pennsylvania Germans. Two of its com- 
panies, I 1 ) and D. were from Allentown, one being the actual 
descendants of the Allen light infantry, one of the five com- 
panies to reach Washington first in 1861. 

These five companies were the Ringgold Light Artil- 
lery, of Reading; the Logan Guards, of Lewistown ; the 
Allen Light Infantry, of Allentown. and the Washington 
Artillerists and the National Light Infantry, of Pottsville. 
They met at Harrisburg, were sworn in there and went on 
to Washington together. The Ringgold Light Artillery was 
the first to start, and came pretty near being the very first 
of all the first defenders by getting to Washington ahead of 
everybody else. 

President Lincoln's call for 75,000 troops for three 
months' service was issued on April 15. That morning the 
Ringgold Light Artillery, numbering 105 men and officers, 
was drilling with full ranks just outside of Reading. The 
proclamation of the president reached the telegraph ('itera- 
tor while the company was at work, and he hurried his 
younger brother off up the street with the dispatch. 

The boy knew the route by which the soldiers would re- 
turn to their armory, and intercepted diem as they marched 


back. Captain McKnight must have been glad to get the 
news, for he gave the messenger a quarter — and quarters 
were scarcer then than they are now — and in no time at all 
another dispatch was en the wires, this time addressed to 
Governor Curtin, at Harrisburg: 

"The Ringgold Light Artillery are on parade. Every 
one of them expects to be ordered on duty for the United 
States service before they leave their guns." 

Probably a Bostonian would have held up that dispatch 
and straightened out its nouns and pronouns and verbs. But 
the Pennsylvania German, H. A. Lantz, who signed it for 
the company, was superior to any such minor considerations. 
He knew what he meant. So did Eli Slifer, secretary of 
the commonwealth, who received it and in the absence of 
the governor replied : 

"Bring your command to Harrisburg by first train. If 
any of your men need equipment, they will be provided here 
by the general government." 

On March in Three Hours 

This dispatch was received in Reading at 1 1 .20 the next 
morning, April 16, and in three hours the Rin (gold Eight 
Artillery was on its way, fully equipped and uniformed. 
Being an artillery company, the equipment did not include 
muskets. But the men wore sabres, and most of them car- 
ried pistols. They reached Harrisburg that evening about 8 
o'clock, and the Secretary of State of Pennsylvania at once 
notified Washington. The Secretary of War telegraphed in 
reply : 

"Push forward company by first train." 
Arrangements were made to leave at 3 A. M., and if 
this plan had been carried out the Reading company would 


have been in Washington on April 17, twenty-four hours 
ahead of the other Pennsylvanians and forty-eight hours in 
advance of the Sixth Massachusetts. The order was coun- 
termanded, however, and the Ringgold Light Artillery wait- 
ed at Harrisburg for the four other troops. 

The Logan Guards, of Lewistown. were the next to ar- 
rive. They marched across the Juniata river to Pennsylva- 
nia station on the evening of April 16, waited several hours 
for a train and reached Harrisburg early the next morning. 
If the Massachusetts man who thinks he's the real thing in 
first defenders wants to talk things over with a survivor of 
the Logan Guards, he will find Major Robert W. Patton 
living at 23 West Twelfth street, Xew York. 

When the call for troops came young Patton simply lock- 
ed up his jewelry shop and helped Capt. Selheimer hustle his 
company to Harrisburg where he was commissioned a lieu- 
tenant. He is not exactly "young Patton" now, but he's quite 
able to cope with any attempt to rob him and his comrades 
of their distinction as the only genuine first defenders. 

Allentown's Light Infantry 

The third company to arrive at Harrisburg was the 
Allen Light Infantry of Allentown, the scene of the recent 
anniversary celebration. At their head was Captain Thomas 
Yeager. If any one is ever tempted to make a list of hot- 
headed, enthusiastic young soldiers, the .Allentown people 
will see that it includes the name of Thomas Yeager. In the 
early daxs of [86i they thought he was rather daft on the 
subject of war. He actually made a trip to Washington to 
look at the fortifications around the capital, and when he 
came hack he was so industrious a drilhnaster that some of 
his men barked out of the company. 


When the news of the firing on Fort Sumter came Cap- 
tain Yeager rushed off posthaste to Harrisburg to offer to 
Governor Curtin the services of himself and his command. 
The result was that he received one of the first captain's 
commissions issued for the civil war. Allentown people 
think it was the very first commission issued to an officer of 
volunteers. With it in his pocket, he hurried back home 
and called on his company for volunteers to go to the de- 
fense of Washington. 

His way of calling for them seems to have been pe- 
culiar to himself. For instance, one member of the com- 
pany, a shoemaker, was asked by the doughty captain whe- 
ther he was going with the rest. The young shoemaker had 
a wife and 3-week-old baby at home and was very much torn 
between contending ideas as to what was the first duty of 
man in a case like this. The caDtain's convictions, though. 
were clear enough for both. 

"If you haven't reported for duty by 3 o'clock," said 
he, "I'll smash your bench to pieces !" 

The young husband was still undecided at the hour 
named, and sure enough around came the captain, broke 
the bench up and carried off the recruit in triumph. 

Recruits on the Way 

In spite of the strenuous methods his company num- 
bered only forty-seven, and the order had been to recruit to 
full strength before coming to Harrisburg. Another man 
might have waited a day and gone off with a muster roll of 
proper length. But not Captain Yeager. With his forty- 
seven men at his back he left Allentown on the afternoon of 
April 17, reaching Harrisburg that evening. 

He picked up three more recruits on the way but in- 


side of twenty-tour hours had expelled one of his men for 

"I stripped him myself in the middle of the street," he 
wrote hack, "taking the whole uniform from him, and left 
him naked except for pantaloons, stockings and shirt, and 
took all his money that he received at Allentown except to 

This left the captain with forty-nine men, whom he 
took on to Washington. Later twenty-eight members of 
Small's Philadelphia Brigade were added to the Allentown 

This Philadelphia brigade was probably the one noticed 
at Baltimore bv the volunteers from Massachusetts. Most 
of its members did turn back from that city. But twenty- 
eight of them managed to get through with the Sixth Mass- 
achusetts, and they were the ones to be added to Captain 
Yeager's force already in Washington. 

Captain Veager was an impetuous fighter and rapidly 
rose in command. A year later, June I. 1862, he was killed 
in the battle of Fair Oaks, on the very day that President 
Lincoln signed a commission making him brigadier general. 

—The Press (Philadelphia) 

r Rebekah, born Dec. 9, 1796. 

ADAM YEAGER I Mary Ann ' born Jan 25 ' 1799 - 

of I James, born Jan. 26, 1801. 

Chester County, J Elizabeth, born Jan. 17, 1803. 

Born Jan 16, 1769; 1 Anna> born Sept lfi 1805 

Died March 28, 1855. | Qeorge born Jan ^ ^ 

t Jesse E., born Oct. 24, 1810. 

JESSE E., (Jesse C, of the Yeager-Hunter 

Died Oct. 24, 1838. | Stove Works, Spring City, Pa. 



The following sketch of Jesse G. Yeager appeared in 
a Philadelphia paper May 12, 1906. 

Manufacturer at Spring City has for Twenty-five 
Years Kept Same Hours as His Men 

Began as Errand Boy 

Jesse G. Yeager Always Ready to Share in Rules 
Laid Down for Workers 

"Several days ago, when the new order granting the 
Saturday half-holiday to the employes of the Yeager-Hnnter 
stove works went into effect, and the hour for starting in the 
morning was changed from 6.40 to 6 A. M., Jesse G. Yea- 
ger, the head of the well-known foundry, said: T must go 
to work with the men in the shop,' meaning that he did not 
expect anything more of his men than he was willing to do 
himself. For a quarter of a century he has been at his desk 
with the whistle every morning, and his chief characteristic 
in life has always been precision and accuracv. 

"When he was quite young his father died, and since he 
was 12 years of age he has had to work. He began life as 
an errand boy in a Reading grocery store, and at 18 years 
went to his trade, moulding, and while quite a young man 
came to Spring City and bought a half-interest in the dry 
goods and grocery business of David Taylor, and later 
bought the property which he occupies today as a residence, 
in which he continued the store business for several years, 
during which he was honored with the appointment as post- 
master. Twenty-five years ago he entered the stove business, 
and, although he is approaching his sixty-ninth milestone in 
life's journey, he is still active and very energetic. 


Throughout life he has been an ardent Methodist and 
a stanch Prohibitionist, whose influence has done much for 
the social and religious purity of Spring City. It is his name 
that invariably heads every remonstrance against any se- 
rious evil and it is largely due to his untiring zeal that the 

town has but one licensed hotel." 

(The Record) 

Kaiser Sends a Bell 

To a German New York Church Organization 
That Is 150 Years Old 

The Rev. Dr. Julius Jaeger, pastor of the German Re- 
formed Church of America, at 355 East Sixty-eighth street, 
was notified on Saturday that Emperor 'William had pre- 
sented the church with a large bell and that the gift is now 
on its way to this country. Dr. Jaeger had written to the 
Kaiser last August telling him that the church was to cel- 
ebrate its 150th anniversary next December. He also stated 
that Baron von Steuben, who came to the aid of this country 
in the Revolutionary war, had worshipped in the society's 
original building on Nassau street. lie asked for a bell for 
the church. 

Karl Gneist, the German Consul in this city, informed 
Dr. Jaeger on Saturday that he had been commanded by 
Emperor William to tell him that the request had been 
granted and that the bell is on the way from Hamburg. 
Kaiser Wilhelm had taken great pleasure in sending the gift, 
said the Consul. 

There will be a celebration lasting three days in De- 
cember and a time will be set apart to dedicate the bell. The 


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services will begin on the first Sunday in the month. Dr. 
David J. Burrell of the Marble Collegiate Church will preach 
in English and Dr. John II. Oerter of the Fourth German 
Reformed Church in ( ierman. 

The church was founded in 1758 and the original build- 
ing stood between Maiden lane and John street in Nassau 
street. In 1822 the congregation removed to Forsythe 
street and thirty-four years later to the present site. Here a 
new building was dedicated ten vears ago. 

Heads of Families by the Name of Yeajjer in Penn- 
sylvania in the First Census of the 
United States, Published 1790 

Christian Yeager Lebanon County 

Christopher Yeager Dauphin County 

1 lenry Yeager Philadelphia County 

b )hn Yeager Allegheny County 

John Yeager Northampton County 

John Yeager Northampton County 

John Yeager, Jr Forks Twp., Northampton County 

Philip Yeager Northampton County 

Philip Yeager Lower Mount Bethel Township, 

Northampton County 
Valentine Yeager Upper Saucon Township, 

Northampton County 

Bernard Yeager Montgomery County 

Peter Yeager Montgomery County 

Adam Yeager Philadelphia County 

Barbara Yeager Reading, Berks County 

Frederick Yeager Berks County 

George Yeager Hern Township, Berks County 



George Yeager Vincent Township, Chester County 

Henry Yeager York County 

Jacob Yeager Reading, Berks County 

John Yeager Chester County 

John Yeager Northumberland County 

John Yeager Northumberland County 

John Yeager Philadelphia County 

Joseph Yeager Fayette County 

Joseph Yeager, Jr Fayette County 

Mary Yeager Amity Township, Berks County 

Peter Yeager Chester County 

Peter Yeager Fayette County 

Hartford, Conn., July 9th, 1912. 
Genealogy of Harry Wilson Yeager 

William Yeager. — Born in Germany in 1783. (The 
great-grandfather of the person whose genealogy this repre- 
sents.) Came to America, married and settled in Scho- 
harie County, York State, in 1802. He had four sons, 
Peter, Adam, Henry, and William, Jr. The mother dying 
when these boys were very young ; the father, upon the 
advice of the mother on her dying bed, took them to a new 
country and settled in the woods of Luzerne county, Penna., 
in the year 18 13, where these boys were reared. Later 
Adam Yeager settled in Binghamton, N. Y. Peter, Henry 
and William, Jr., became farmers in what is now Moscow, 
Lackawanna County, Penna. All now are deceased. 

William Yeager, Jr. — Born 1810 in Schoharie County, 
York State. (The grandfather of the persons whose gen- 
ealogy this represents.) Married Susan Biesecker. They 


Harry Wilson Yeager 
Hartford, Conn. 



had four children as follows : John Adam, Adelbert, William 
W., and Sarah Ann, the latter marrying Levi Schwartz. All 
four of these children married and located in Lackawanna 
County, Penna., (Luzerne County having been divided Adel- 
bert now deceased. 

John Adam Y eager. — (The father of the person whose 
genealogy this represents). Was born in Moscow, Penna., 
1840. He married Ella A. Stevens, born 1844. They had 
five children — Arthur K., Sadie, Bertha, Bessie and Harry 
Wilson. The said John Adam Y eager being the father and 
his children herein enumerated the brothers and sisters of 
the person whose genealogy this represents. Sadie and 
Bertha now being deceased. Arthur K., contractor and 
builder, is now located at Moscow, Lackawanna County, 
Penna. Bessie married to C. A. Yeager, lumber dealer, of 
Buffalo, N. Y. 

Harry Wilson Yeager. — Born 1868 at Moscow, Penna., 
and being the subject of this genealogy, married Lillian 
Cottrell of New York City, born 1887. Have two children, 
Caryl Aline, and John Adam, Jr. 

Biography of Harry Wilson Yeager 

Born on a farm, remaining there until 19. Later be- 
came associated with Jones Bros. Tea Co., of Scranton, 
Penna. Being of musical tendency and possessed of fair 
natural voice, followed the stage, appearing in "A Little Ty- 
coon," Hi Henry's Minstrels, "Don't Tell My Wife," "The 
Power of Love," etc., becoming proprietor of some of these 
attractions, also organized the Music Publishing house of 
II viands, Spencer & Yeager, t>2> West 27th St., New York 
City. Also directed the music in The Church of the Sa- 


viour, Lexington Avenue and mth St., New York City. 
Is now President and Treasurer of the Yeager Piano Com- 
pany, a corporation operating 16 stores, with General Office 
at Hartford, also President and Treasurer of the Vacu- 
Coupler Player Action Co., of Hartford. Conn. 


Lackawanna County, Penna. 

son of 
William, of Schoharie 
County, New York 


son of 
William Jr., son of 
William of Schoharie 

PETER, son of 
William of Schoharie 

( Angelichor 

| William 
\ John B. 
| Selden 
I Martha 
[ Emma 

/ Lana 
J Vernon, L. 
| Oren, G. 

c Spencer 
J John 
l Susan 

1 Ella 

i. Mary 


' John 
I Max 

Williamsport, Pa., Nov. 28, 1909. 
Mr. James M. Yeager, 
Scranton, Pa. 

My Dear Sir: — Had talk with my father yesterday con- 
cerning our branch of the Yeager family and 1 herewith 
give you the following information, which, while rather in- 
complete, may be of some assistance. 

Three brothers came to this country before the war of 
the Revolution. Don't know their qames. The one brother 
— the father of Jacob Yeager, settled in Columbia county, 
near Millville. Other two might have settled there also. 
but don't kn«>\\. Jacob Yeager was born near Millville, Co- 
lumbia county, in the year 1808. He had one brother. 


George, and one sister, Mary. Mary married a man named 
Philips Swisher. George married, lived and died in Colum- 
bia county. Jacob Yeager married Mary Ellen Woolever 
about 1830 in Columbia county. To this union there were 
the following children : Henry, Amanda, Samuel, Elizabeth, 
Jane, Sarah, Jacob, Charles, Emma, William, Alice. I am 
the son of Jacob. My father tells me that some of the 
descendants of the three Yeager brothers who came here 
before the Revolution took the name of Hunter — Hunter 
being the English of Yeager. 

I will try to learn what Jacob Yeager's father's name 
was if possible. This should be an important connecting 

Trust this will be of some interest. 
Yours truly, 


Between 1747 and 1758 Nicholas Yeager married Ann 
Regina Hillegas. This record is found in Goshenhoppen 
Reformed Charge and the officiating minister was Rev. 
George Michael Weiss. 

The father of Ann Regina (Hillegas) Yeager was John 
Frederick Hillegas who was a first cousin of Michael Hil- 
legas, the first Treasurer of the United States. 

February 15, 1748, John Yeager of New Hanover was 
married to Eva Elizabeth Schneider by Rev. Muhlenberg of 
The Trappe Lutheran Church, Montgomery County. 

The first marriage service at which the Rev. Frederick 
Schultz officiated at The Trappe Lutheran Church, Jan. 
fifth, 1752, was the uniting of Dorothy Yeager to Barthol- 
omew Osterman. The record says they were "from beyond 
the Schuylkill.'" 



Valentine Yeager was married to Mary M. Docken- 
wadlerin April 14, 1757. by the pastor of the Lutheran 
church at Trappe, Pa. 

Col. Nicholas Lotz of the Revolutionary Army, from 
Berks county, who served in the Provincial Conference of 
June 16, 1776, and in the General Assembly for sixteen years 
and who filled the office of Associate Judge of Berks county 
from 1795 to 1806 and who died in 1807. was married to 
Rosa Yeager. daughter of John Yeager, of Reading. 

Nicholas Yeager and Anna Hillegas were married by 
George Michael Weiss in the Goshenhoppen Reformed 
Charge about 1750. 

Christian Yeager was a taxpayer in Penn township, 
now Snyder county, in 1796. 

John Andrew Strassburger, the second, of Upper Mil- 
ford township, Lehigh county, married in 1780, Eva Yeager, 
who died April 2J, 1825. Buried at Zionsville Church, Le- 
high county. Their son, Rev. John Andrew Strassburger 
(the third), was licensed to preach at Carlisle, Pa., by the 
Synod of the German Reformed church, September 10, 18 18. 

( )n his gravestone in the Indian Creek Reformed 
Church yard. Bucks county, are the words: 


Born Oct. 3, 1796 
Died May 2, I860 

As a minister of German Reformed Church he served 
the Indian Creek and other congregations, from April, 1818, 
to July, 1854. 



George E. Yeager 

Nicholas Yeager of Kentucky had son Adam, born 1707. 
Adam had son John, born 1732. 
John had son Joshua, born 1766. 
Joshua had son Elijah, born 1816. 
Elijah had son Geo. E., born 1855, Ft. Branch, In- 
diana. (1913). 

Herman V. Yeager 

Herman V. Yeager, son of Charles M. Yeager, and 
grand-son of William Yeager, was born in Mifflinburg, 
Union County, Pa., in 1885. 

He evidently displayed a musical nature very young, 
for while still in knickerbockers at the age of six, he practiced 
on the piano, while his boy companions were calling him to 
come out and play with them. 

He studied with one teacher after another, developing 
his musical knowledge throughout his school days. After 
his musical career had been decided upon, he entered the 
New England Conservatory of Music, Boston, Massachu- 
setts, where he settled down to real work. He finished his 
studies there in 1903. After directing an Orchestra in Bos- 
ton, he played in several theatres through the East. Finally, he 
went to Harrisburg, where he has been conducting the Or- 
chestra in the Orpheum Theatre since 1908. In addition to 
his work there, he does a great deal of music writing, com- 
posing, arranging for orchestra, etc. For several summers 
he has had charge of the music at the Forrest Inn, Eagles 
Mere, Pa. He is, probably, the youngest musical director 
in the United States, in any Theatre playing first-class 
vaudeville. He has had many offers to locate in other cities. 


Herman V. Yeager 

Musical Director 


The Pennsylvania Quakers 

Owing largely to their position of non-combatants the 
members of the Society of Friends have been considered in 
die light of tories, and while I am not here to defend them 
from the charge, believing that the most intelligent part of 
the population in that clay were just as well qualified to 
judge which form of government they preferred as any 
others, yet if the preferences of those Friends who violated 
the discipline of the Society by taking up arms is any indi- 
cation of the prevailing sentiment we might conclude that at 
least ninety per cent, of Friends secretly favored inde- 
pendence. — Gilbert Cope, Esq., in an address before the 
Chester County, Penna., Historical Society- 



Some Annals of the Buffington Family 

Hon. Joseph Buffington 

Judge of the United States Circuit Court of Appeal? 
Lineal descendant of Richard Buffington, the First. 

United States Courts 


Feb. 5, 1910. 
My Dear Dr. Yeager : — I am obliged to you for remem- 
bering me in connection with your work. Such books serve 
a highly useful historic purpose and any relationship that 
includes one among its number is very fortunate. I have 
never done anything in the picture line myself in such books 
and I am a bit loath to begin. If you really think I should 
do it I will send you a small photo lithograph picture plate 
that was used in a college publication which I think would 
serve your purpose. Very cordially yours, 

Jos. Buffington. 


One of the Oldest English Families 
in Pennsylvania 

RICHARD BUFFINGTON, the progenitor of the 
Buffingtons of Pennsylvania, and the direct ancestor of 
J. M. Yeager, of Yeagertown, settled here before the name 
of Pennsylvania was given to the Province. William Penn 
obtained a charter for the Province of Pennsylvania on the 
Fourth of March, i860. But the records of the court at 
Upland, now Chester, show that Richard Buffington was a 
taxable in 1676. or one hundred years before the Declaration 
of Independence. 

John F. Watson in his "Annals of Philadelphia" al- 
ludes, (says Gilbert Cope, one of the best genealogists in the 
State and to whom the compiler is greatly indebted for Buf- 
fington data) more than once to the gathering of Richard 
Buffiington's descendants at his own house at the Forks of 
the Brandywine in 1739, and to the fact that his son Richard 
was the "first-born Englishman in Pennsylvania." 

The Pennsylvania Gazette (edited by Benjamin Frank- 
lin) for June 28 to July 5, 1739, contains the following: 

"Philadelphia. — ( In the 30th of May past, the children, 
grandchildren and great grandchildren of Richard Buffing- 
ton, Senior, to the number of one hundred and fifteen, met 
together at his house in Chester County, as also his nine sons 
and daughters-in-law. and twelve great-grand-children-in- 
law. The old man is from Great Marlow upon the litanies, 
II 1 




Richard Buffington V 

of Chester County 



in Buckinghamshire, in Old England, aged abont 85, and is 
still hearty, active and of perfect memory. His eldest son, 
now in the sixtieth year of his age, was the first born of 
English descent in this province." 

Many events of great historic interest gather abont the 
county of Buckinghamshire, which is abont twenty-five 
miles from London. Here William Penn is buried. In this 
county John Milton finished Paradise Lost and here he 
wrote L'Allegro. Here lived Hampton, the great patriot. 
Here is Stoke Poges churchyard which suggested Gray's 
Elegy. Here lived Cowper who wrote some of the choicest 
hymns in the English language. 

Here Burke, the greatest of orators and statesmen, died 
and was buried. Here Herschel, the great astronomer, made 
most of his important discoveries, and here was one of the 
finest country seats in all England belonging to the Duke 
of Buckingham. Here is Eton College, one of the most 
celebrated schools in Great Britain, founded at least fifty 
vears before the discovery of America : where the immortal 
Gladstone graduated and many other Englishmen who be- 
came famous in the world of science, literature, politics and 

Some years ago the compiler of this book visited Eton, 
and Windsor Castle, just across the river, and saw for the 
first time Queen Victoria, riding in her carriage on her re- 
turn from a trip to Frogmore, the burial place of her con- 
sort, Prince Albert. 

It was from this historic county our progenitor emi- 
grated to the then wilderness of the present Pennsylvania 
in 1675. 



Richard Buffington Holds Office 
Under William Penn 

William Penn obtained a charter for the Province of 
Pennsylvania on the 4th of March, 1680 (1681, N. S.), and 
on Sept. 13, 168 1, the first court under the new dispensation 
was held at Upland, at which time Richard Buffington ap- 
peared as a witness in one case, as a plaintiff in another and 
as a defendant in a third. He was a member of the Grand 
Jury June 27th, 1683, and a witness at the same court. On 
December 14th. 1683, he prosecuted John Child "in an ac- 
tion of Trover and Convertion." and "the Jury finde for the 
Plaintiff and give him his heifer and thirty shillings damage 
with Cost of suite." 

At a Court held the 6th day of the nth month, 1684, 
"Richard Buffing-ton is Ordered to Receive the Levie raised 
for the Court House and Prison in the Township of Chester." 
Jt was also "Ordered that the Collectors of the Levie for the 
Court House and Prison shall be Considered for their time 
and Paines twelve pence in the pound." 

He appears to have changed his residence and at court, 
6th of 1st month, 1687-8, he was appointed "Constable" for 
Chichester Township. March 5, 1688-9, "Richard Buffing- 
ton. Constable of Chichester, being attested declareth that 
when he went downe to Chichester about ye levies John 
Wickham did swear if any one should levie any thing upon 
him he would have a tyme of him." 

hi that day there were no public schools and a number 
of neighbors would join together in the employment of a 







As has been intimated Richard Buffingion, Sen., ap- 
pears to have inclined towards the Baptist Society, and it 
might have been stated that the records of the Brandywine 
Baptist Church, in Birmingham, show that he was baptized in 
Crum Creek, 6 mo. 26, 1699, and assisted in organizing a 
congregation in 171 5. At what time his son Richard iden- 
tified himself with Friends is not recorded, but at Newark 
(now Kennett) Monthly Meeting. 6 mo. 7, 1725, "The pre- 
parative meeting of Kennett returns Richard Buffington jun- 
ior to this meeting's consideration for an overseer, which this 
meetirig approves of." At that date Bradford Meeting was 
considered a branch of Kennett. After this Richard took 
an active part in the business of the meeting. His wife. 
Phebe Buffington. first appears on the records as an active 
member in 1729. In 1733 sll e obtained the recommendation 
of the monthly meeting as a minister. 

Richard Buffington was married three times. By his 
first and last wives he had thirteen children. The twelfth 
child. Joseph, by deed of March 23, 1748. purchased from 
Isaac Norris the homestead of Richard Buffington, of over 
200 acres, for £100, which evidently did not include the 
value of the improvements made by his father. Here he 
lived at the time of the battle of Brandywine. and the near- 
by ford on the eastern branch of the Brandywine was long 
known as Buffington's. 

Richard Buffington's Will 

Richard Buffington's death occurred in January, T747-S, 
when he was in his 04th year. His descendants now number 
many thousands, scattered nearly all over the United States. 


The following is a copy of his will : 

''In the Name of God Amen. The Seventh Day of 
January in the year of our Lord 1747-8, 1 Richard Buffing- 
ton in the County of Chester and Province of Pennsylvania. 
yeoman, being Sick in Body, but of Perfect Memory, Thanks 
be to God therefore, calling unto mind the Mortality of my 
Body, and knowing that it is for all Men once to Die, do 
make and ordain this my last Will and Testament : That is 
to say principally and first of all, I give and recommend my 
Soul into the Hands of God that gave it. and for my Body, 
] recommend it to the Earth, to be buried in a Christian like 
and decent manner, at the discretion of my Executors, noth- 
ing doubting but at the general Resurrection T shall receive 
the same again by the mighty Power of God. And as touch- 
ing Such worldly Estate wherewith it hath pleased God to 
bless me with in this Life, 1 give, devise and dispose of the 
same in the manner following: 

"Imprimis, It is my will and I do order. That in the 
first place, all my just Debts and Funeral Charges be paid 
and Satisfied. 

"Item. I give and bequeath unto .Mice my dearly be- 
loved Wife one Room at the X. E. corner of the House with 
the Cellar under it and five pounds a year and firewood Suf- 
ficient for one fire brought convenient, and one Milch-cow 
reasonably kept without any cost to her. one feather Bed 
the one I now lieth on with Suitable furniture as now is. 
one Case of draws that stands in the said Room and one 
Walnut chest that stands in the House and forty shillings 
to buy other furniture with. During her Widowhood, Onlv 
the feather bed and furniture and ( )ne Case of Draws and 
(best and forty Shillings worth of furniture as before men- 
tioned forever. 



Item, I give and bequeath to my Daughter Hannah Dain 
one Bible worth thirty Shillings. Item, I give and bequeath 
to my Daughter Mary Turner One Bible worth thirty Shil- 
lings. Item, I give and bequeath to my Daughter Elizabeth 
Freeman One Bible of thirty Shillings price. I give and 
bequeath to my Daughter Lida Martin One Bible worth 
thirty Shillings. Item, I give and bequeath to my son Wil- 
liam Buffington all my wearing apparel. I give and bequeath 
to my daughter Abigail Seed one Bible worth thirty Shil- 
lings. Item, I give and bequeath to my Daughter Alice Mc- 
Arthur one Bible worth thirty Shillings and a Horse named 
Roan. Item, I give and bequeath to my son Thomas Buffing- 
ton Deceased's Heirs five Shillings. Item, I give and be- 
queath to my Daughter Ann Hickman deceased's Heirs five 
Shillings. Item, I give and bequeath to my Daughter Ruth 
Harlan deceased's Heirs five Shillings. Item, I give and 
bequeath to my Son Richard Buffington deceased's Heirs 
five Shillings. Item, 1 give and bequeath to my Son John 
Buffington deceased's Heirs five Shillings. And the re- 
mainder of all my Estate I give and bequeath to my son 
Joseph Buffington his Heirs and Assigns for Ever both Real 
and Personal Whatsoever and Wheresoever. But in case of 
s'd son Joseph Should die without Heirs Lawfully begotten, 
my will is that it shall descend to my two Daughters, Abigail 
and Alice their Heirs and assigns forever Equally to be di- 
vided Share and Share alike. Item, I give and bequeath 
to Owen Thomas now Minister of the Anabaptist Society 
held at John Bently's in the Township of Newlin and county 
aforesaid five pounds. Item, I give and bequeath to the So- 
ciety before Mentioned twenty pounds to be paid in the 
manner following, viz't. five pounds to be paid four years 
after my decease, five pounds the Ensuing year, five pounds 

T II II />' ( I ■ I I X G 7 O X F A M I L Y 

more the Ensuing- year and five pounds the next Ensuing. 
Item, ] give and bequeath to Richard Kimbol two pounds 
ten Shillings. Likewise I constitute, make and ordain my 
s'd son Joseph my ( )nly and Sole Executor of this my last 
Will and Testament, And \ do hereby utterly disallow, re- 
voke and disannul all and every other former Testaments, 
Wills, Legacies and Executors, by me in any way before 
this Time Named, Willed and bequeathed. Ratifying and 
Confirming this and no other to he my last will and Testa- 
ment. In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my Hand 
and Seal the day and Year above written." 

The items are not summed up, but amount to over £500, 
which, when we consider the age and that he had doubtless 
advanced each of his married children, speaks well for his 
industry and thrift. From the location of the articles men- 
tioned in the inventory it is evident that the house was of 
one story. The little room, the southeast room, the west 
room, and the kitchen are all the apartments. The little 
room was no doubt the northeast room which he devised for 
the use of his widow and where he slept on a bed which with 
its furniture was valued at £12:0; not so bad for that time, 
nor even for the present. A case of draws (drawers) at £4 
and a walnut chest at £2 were also in the same room. 

Memorandum Book of George Buffington, the Revo- 
lutionary Soldier, continued by his son, George, 
the husband of Catharine Yeager, sister of Jacob 
Yeager of Yeagertown. 

Page 1. — George Buffington — his memoranda book. 
Including his own birth and the birth of my wife and the 
birth of my children and grandchildren. And the death of 


my father and mother and of my brothers and sisters and of 
my brothers-in-law and sisters-in-law and sons-in-law. 

Page 2. — George Buffington. I was born in Chester 
County, the 8th day of February, in the year of our Lord, 
1750. and was married in the year 1782, the 2d day of Sep- 
tember, to my wife, Barbarah, whose maiden name was 
Hoffman. My wife Barbarah, was born in Tulpehocken 
Township, Berks County, in the year of our Lord 1763 on 
the 31st day of May. Her god-father and god-mother were 
Frederick Wolf and his wife Eva. 

Page 3. — Elizabeth Buffington was born June 27,, in 
the year of our Lord, 1783. Deceased. Isaac Buffington 
was born August 8th in the year of our Lord, 1784, god- father 
and god-mother were Peter Hoffman and his wife Sarah. 
Jacob Buffington was born the 16th day of May in the year 
of our Lord 1786; his god-father and god-mother were 
Jacob Smith and his wife, Mary. Mary Buffington was 
born the 26th of July in the year of our Lord, 1788. De- 
ceased. Susana Buffington was born the 25th day of Aug- 
ust, in the year of our Lord 1790; her god-father and god- 
mother were Michael Enterline and his wife Elizabeth. 

Page 4. — Rachel Buffington was born the 15th of April 
in the year of our Lord 1792 ; her god-father and god-mother 
were John Hoffman, Sr., and his wife, Marv. George Buf- 
fington was born the 12th day of May in the year of our 
Lord, 1795. his god-father and god-mother were John Hoff- 
man. Jr., and his wife Christina. Catharine Buffington was 
born the 15th day of February in the year of our Lord 1797. 
Her god-father and god-mother were Christi Hoffman and 
his wife Susannah. Margaret Buffington was born the 22(1 
day of August in the year of our Lord 1799. Her god- 
father and god-mother were Nicholas Hoffman and his wife, 


Margaret. John Buffington was born the 7th day of Jan- 
uary in the year of our Lord 1804. His god-father and 
god-mother were John Buffington and his wife Catharine. 

Page 5. — Jacob Fisher's child — Jacob Fisher son of 
Jacob Fisher and Susannah his wife, was born the 26th day 
of May in the year 1811; his god-father and god-mother 
were George Buffington and his wife, Barbara ; baptized by 
Parson Ulrich. My son-in-law, Jacob Fisher, departed this 
life the 8th day of February in the year of our Lord, 1811. 
Leonard Fisher departed this life the 22(\ day of June in 
the vear of our Lord, 1814, aged $2 years, 1 month and 15 

Page 6. — Jacob Yeagcr's children — Jonathan Yeager. 
son of Jacob Yeager and Susanna Buffington, his wife, was 
born the 21st day of June in the year of our Lord. 1817. 
his god-father and god-mother were his father and mother; 
baptized by Parson Reily. Simon Yeager was born the 
20th day of November in the year of our Lord 1818; his 
god-father and god-mother were his father and mother; 
Paptized by Parson Reily. Daniel Yeager was born the 
29th of October in the year of our Lord 1820; his god-father 
and god-mother were his father and mother ; baptized by Par- 
son Gerhart. Moses Yeager was born the 26th of June in 
the year of our Lord 1822; his god-father and god-mother 
were his father and mother; baptized by Parson Gerhart. 

Page 7. — Benjamin Yeager was born the 22(1 of August 
in the year of our Lord 1824 ; his god-father and god-mother 
were his father and mother; baptized by I 'arson Shindel. 
George Yeager was born the 17th day of August in the year 
of our Lord [826; his god-father and god-mother were his 
father and mother; baptized by Parson Shindel. Susannah 
Yeager was born the 26th clay of March in the year of our 


Lord 1828; her god-father and god-mother were George 
Daniel and his wife, Margaret ; baptized by Parson Shindel. 

Page 8. — Catharine Yeager Buffington departed her 
life June, the 17th day, 1873, and her funeral sermon was 
Job, 6th chapter, 22d verse. 

Isaac Buffington's Children. — Catharine Buffington, 
daughter of Isaac Buffington and Hannah, his wife, was 
born the 10th day of June in the year of our Lord 1810; her 
god-mother was Catharine Fisher ; baptized by Parson Ul- 
rich. Hannah Buffington was born the 5th of February in 
the year of our Lord 1812; her god-mother was Susannah 
Fisher ; baptized by Parson Walter. Jonathan Buffington 
was born the 15th of August in the year of our Lord 1814; 
his god-father and god-mother were George Buffington and 
his wife, Barbara ; baptized by Parson Reily. 

Page 10. — Susannah Buffington was born the 23d of 
February in the year of our Lord 1818; her god-mother 
was Catharine Buffington ; baptized by Parson Shindel. 
Thomas Buffington was born the 27th of June in the year of 
our Lord 1819 ; his god-father and god-mother were Joseph 
Fisher and his wife, Magdaline ; baptized by Parson Shindel. 
Esther Buffington was born the 13th of October in the year 
of our Lord 1821, her god-mother was Susannah Fisher; 
baptized by Parson Gerhart. Esther Buffington departed 
this life the 15th day of August in the year of our Lord 

Page 1 1 . — Joseph Buffington was born the 24th day of 
August in the year of our Lord 1824; his god-father and 
god-mother were George Daniel and his wife, Margaret ; 
baptized by Parson Shindel. 

Pa^e 12. — Jacob Buffington's Children — Elizabeth Buf- 
fington was born the 26th day of November in the year 
^ 125 


1809; her god-father and god-mother were George Buf- 
fington and Barbarah, his wife; baptized by Parson Ulrich. 
John Buffington was born the 25th day of June in the year 
181 1 ; his god-father and god-mother were John Riggle and 
his wife, Susannah ; baptized by Parson Ulrich. Mary Buf- 

George Buffington and his wife, Catharine Yeager Buffington 

fington was born the 27th of June in the year [813; her 
god-mother was Mary Sheetz, single woman; baptized by 
I 'arson I [endel. 

I 'age [3. — Amos Buffington was horn the 14th of Feb- 
ruary in the year 1X15. his god-father and god-mother were 
Stofel hark and his wife, Rachel; baptized by Parson Reilv. 
George Buffington was born in the state of Ohio on the 


2 1 st of February in the year 1822 and was baptized on the 
17th of March, 1823, in New Philadelphia by Abraham 
Snyder, a minister of the gospel ; his god-father and god- 
mother were John Sheetz and his wife, Elizabeth. 

Page 14. — George Buffington, his children — Cyrus Buf- 
fington, son of George Buffington and Catharine, his wife, 
was born the 30th day of December in the year of our Lord 
1 821 ; his god-father and god-mother were George Buffing- 
ton and his wife, Barbarah ; baptized by Parson Gerhart. 
Amanda Buffington was born the 28th day of May in the 
year of our Lord 1824 ; her god-father and god-mother were 
John Yeager and his wife, Catharine ; baptized by Parson 

Page 15. — Elias Buffington was born the 23d day of 
December in the year of our Lord 1825 ; his god-father and 
god-mother were John Yegel and his wife, Elizabeth ; bap- 
tized by Parson Gerhart. John Buffington was born the 
31st clay of January in the year of our Lord, 1828; his god- 
father and god-mother were Stofel Yeager and his wife Han- 
nah ; baptized by Parson Gerhart. Hannah Y. Buffington 
was born the 9th day of September in the year of our Lord 
1830; her god-father and god-mother were her father and 
mother ; baptized by Parson Gerhart. 

Page 16. — George Buffington (father of H. E. Buffing- 
ton, Lvkens, PaA, was born the 23d of November in the 
year of our Lord 1832; his god-father and god-mother, 
George Daniel and his wife, Rebecca ; baptized by Parson 
Gerhart. Peter Buffington was born April the 11th, 1843; 
his god-father and god-mother were his father and mother ; 
baptized by Parson Gerhart. 

Page 17. — Catharine Buffington was born the 2d of 
November in the year of our Lord 1834; her god-father and 


god-mother were her father and mother ; baptized by Par- 
son Gerhart. Elizabeth Buffington was born the 3d of De- 
cember in the year of our Lord 1836; her god-father and 
god-mother were her father and mother; baptized by Par- 
son Gerhart. Laura Buffington, born the 23d day of De- 
cember in the vear of our Lord 1838; her god-father and 
god-mother were her father and mother ; baptized by Par- 
son Gerhart. Jeremiah Buffington was born the 23d day 
of November 1840; his god-father and god-mother, his 
father and mother: baptized by Parson Gerhart. 

Page 18. — George Daniel — his children — Beniville 
Daniel, son of George Daniel and his wife, Margaret, was 
born the 31st day of October in the year of our Lord 1825 ; 
his god-father and god-mother were Andrew Daniel and his 
wife, Susannah; baptized by Larson Gerhart. George Dan- 
iel was born the 26th of August in the year of our Lord 
1827; his god-father was George Buffington; baptized by 
Parson Gerhart. 

Page 19. — Hannah Y. Buffington departed her life the 
22d day of May in the year of our Lord 1832; her age was 
one year and eight months and thirteen days. Jeremiah 
Buffington departed his life the 14th day of November in 
the year of our Lord 1843; his age was three years and 
eight days. 

Page 20. — John Buffington's children — George Buffing- 
ton, son of John Buffington and Catharine, his wife, was 
burn the 27th clay of < )ctober in the year of our Lord 1828; 
his god-father was his grandfather, George Buffington ; bap- 
tized by Parson Shindel. 

Page 21. — Christopher Lark's children — Simon Lark, 
son of Stofel Lark and Rachel, his wife, was born the 26th 
day of June in the year of our Lord 1810; his god-father 

I 28 


, 8, 1 


■jied May 22, 1832. r Harvey Buffington, Deceased. 

j Charles F. Buffington, Leadville, Col. 
Yea P» 1832; \ B. Francis Buffington, Peru, Indiana. 

H. Edwin Buffington, Lykens, Pa., Attoi 

mon Keiffer). 
Died Nov. 14, 1843. 
17 years old. 
d 18 years old. 

Died I 

[E B^ 


god-mother were her father and mother ; baptized by Par- 
son Gerhart. Elizabeth Buffington was horn the 3d of De- 
cember in the year of our Lord 1836; her god-father and 
god-mother were her father and mother; baptized by far- 
son Gerhart. Laura Buffington, horn the 23d day of De- 
cember in the year of our Lord 1838; her god-father and 
god-mother were her father and mother ; baptized by Par- 
son Gerhart. Jeremiah Buffington was born the 2^\ day 
of November 1840; his god-father and god-mother, his 
father and mother; baptized by Parson Gerhart. 

Page 18. — George Daniel — his children — Beniville 
Daniel, son of George Daniel and his wife. Margaret, was 
born the 31st day of ( )ctober in the year of our Lord 1825 ; 
his god-father and god-mother were Andrew Daniel and his 
wife, Susannah ; baptized by Parson Gerhart. George Dan- 
iel was born the 26th of August in the year of our Lord 
1827; his god-father was George Buffington; baptized by 
Parson Gerhart. 

Page 19. — Hannah V. Buffington departed her life the 
22(1 dav of May in the year of our Lord 1832; her age was 
one year and eight months and thirteen days. Jeremiah 
Buffington departed his life the 14th day of November in 
the year of our Lord 1843; his age was three years and 
eight days. 

Page 20. — John Buffington's children — George Buffing- 
ton, son of John Buffington and Catharine, his wife, was 
born the 27th day of ( )ctober in the year of our Lord 1828; 
his god-father was his grandfather, George Buffington ; bap- 
tized by Larson Shindel. 

Page 21. — Christopher Lark's children — Simon Lark. 
sou of Stofel Lark and Rachel, his wife, was horn the 26th 
dav of June in the year of our Lord 1816; his god-father 

Richard Buffington Chart 

/ Thomas 

j Richard 





] Rebecca Atherton 



/ Ruth 


J Betty 
/ Susanna 



1 Rachel James 
\ Ann Morgan 




Y eager of Yeagertown, j 


Penna. | 


Married to Mary Frissell 
Nov. 29, 1755, Old Swedes 
Church. Wilmington, Del. 
Great-grandfather of J.M. 
Yeager of Yeagertown. 

id Buffington, Died April 11, 1814 
mas Buffington, Died Feb. 23, 1814 
lei Mecrede, Died Aug. 30, 1822. 
Mayer, Died Mar. 30, 1815 

'FINGTON, born Feb. 8, 1759, 
in Chester County; married Barbara 
Hoffman Sept. 2, 1782; died May 26, 1830, 
grandfather of J. M. Yeager ol: Yeager- 

Elizabeth Buffington, Born June 23, 1' 

!' Catharine Buffington 
Hannah Buffington 
Jonathan Bufflngton 
Susan Buffington 
Thomas Buffington 
Esther Bufflngton 
Joseph Buffington 
Jacob Buffington, Born May 16, 1786 
Mary Buffington. Born July 26, 1788— Deceased 

( Married Jacob Fisher; 
Susan Buffington, Born Aug. 25, 1790. mother J died Feb. 8, 1811. 

of J. M. Yeager of Yeagertown. \ Second marriage, Jacob 

( Yeager. 
Rachel Buffiington, Born April 15, 1792, Married Christopher Lark 

GEORGE BUFFINGTON, Born May 12, 1795; Died June 7, 1873 

Catharine Buffington, Born Feb. 15. 1797; Died Feb. 12, 1826 
Margaret Buffington, Born Aug. 22, 1799; 
Married George Daniel 

1 George Buffington, Born Oct. 27, 1828 
Susun iluffington 
Katharine Buffington 

1830; Died May 22, ] 
23, 1832; 


Died Feb. 19, 1835, aged 
68 years. Grandfather 
of J. M. Yeager of 

John Yeager 

Jacob Yeager (Father of J. M. Yeager, Yeagertown) 

—who married Susan Buffington. Died Sept. 14, 1&49. 

Chistopher Yeager 

Catharine Yeager, married GEORGE BUFFINGTON. 

Mary Yeager, married Thomas WoodBide. 

Elizabeth Yeager, married Adam Bressler. 

Peter Yeager 

Joseph Yeager 

Simon Yeager 

h \NIKL \VOul»SI!W-: 

Thomas Woodside 

John Woodside 
Oliver Woodside 
D. Elmer Woodside. 
Youngstown, Ohio. 

Cyrus Buffington, Born Dec. 30, 

Buffington, Born May 
Elias Bufflngton, Born Dec. 23, 1 
John Bufflngton, Born Jan. 21, 1 
(Henrietta Buffington, Born Sept 
married Susan Lenker. 

Buffington. Born Dec. 3, 1836. 
| Catharine Bufflngton, Born Nov. 23, 1834. 
Leah Buffington, Born Dec. 23, 1838— tSolomon Keiffer). 
Jeremiah Buffington, Born Nov. 23, 1840; Died Nov. 14, 18 
Peter Buffington, Born April 11, 1843; Died 17 years old. 
\ Aaron Buffington, Born ; Died 18 years old. 

Harvey Bufflngton, 
Charles F. Buffingtoi 
B. Francis Buffingto 
H. Edwin Bufflngton 

Leadville. Col. 

Mary Woodside- 
( Rebecca Woodsic 

T H E B U F F I N G T N F A M I L Y 

and god-mother were his father and mother ; baptized by 
Parson Shindel. Aaron Lark was born the 7th of March 
in the year of our Lord 1819; his god-father and god- 
mother were his father and mother ; baptized by Parson Shin- 
del. Mary Ann Lark was born the 16th of August in the 
year of our Lord 1821 ; her god-father and god-mother 
were hei father and mother; baptized by Parson Gerhart. 

Page 22. — Catharine Barbarah Lark was born the 2(jth 
of March in the year of our Lord, 1824. Her godmother 
was Elizabeth Lark; baptized by Parson Shindel. Hannah 
Lark was born the 26th of December in the year of our 
Lord 1827; her god- father and god-mother were Isaac Buf- 
fington and his wife, Hannah ; baptized by Parson Gerhart. 

Page 23. — Christina Harman was born the 24th of July, 
in the year of our Lord 1820; baptized by Parson Gerhart; 
her god-mother was her mother. Christina Harman depart- 
ed this life the 3d day of August in the year of our Lord 

My daughter, Catharine Buffington, departed this life 
the 1 2th day of February in the year of our Lord 1826. 

My wife, Barbarah Buffington, departed this life the 
20th of June, in the year of our Lord 1827. 

My daughter, Rachel Lark, departed this life the 15th 
day of March in the year of our Lord 182S. 

Page 24. — My sister, Anna Meyer, departed this life the 
30th day of March in the year of oar Lord 1815. My sis- 
ter, Rachel Mecrede, departed this life the 30th day of Aug- 
ust in the year of our Lord 1822. 

My father, George Buffington, departed this life the 
26th day of March in the year of our Lord 18^0; funeral 
sermon was held by Parson Shindel; text. Book of Sol- 

T 11 II B U F FIN G T O N F A M I L Y 

onion. 12th chapter, from 1st verse to the 8th; his age was 
72 years and 1 8 days. 

Page 25. — My father. Benjamin Buffington, departed 
this life the l ith day of February in the year of our Lord 
1814; funeral sermon held by Parson Reily : text, Psalm 
7 1 st, verse 9. 

My brother, Thomas Buffington, departed this life the 
22d of February in the year of our Lord 1814. My brother, 
year of our Lord 1814. 
David Buffington, departed this life the nth of April in the 

Page 26. — Nicholas f loffman departed this life the 
28th day of April in the year of our Lord 1814. My step- 
mother, Catharine Buffington, departed this life the 29th 
day of April in the year of our Lord 181 7. John Hoffman 
departed this life the 1st day of November in the year of 
our Lord 1818. Mary Hoffman departed this life the [9th 
day of August in the year of our Lord 1822. Margaret 
Hoffman, wife of Nicholas Hoffman, departed this life the 
9th day of January in the year of our Lord 1826. 

Page 2/. — Andrew Riggle departed this life the 14th 
of May in the year of our Lord 1815. Catharine Riggle, 
wife of Andrew Riggle, departed this life the 4th dav of 
( >ctober in the year [819. 

Elizabeth Sheetz, wife of Luclwick Sheetz, departed this 
life the 15th day of April in the year of our Lord [823. 
Luclwick Sheet/, departed this life the 24th day of April in 
the year of our Lord 1823. 

Page 2^. — Jonathan Buffington departed this life the 
2nd day of March in the year of our Lord 1837; his age 
was 22 years and 15 days. 

My daughter, Leah Keiffer, departed her life the 5th 
day of November, in the year 1800. 



: §*< 






Kit r-f- §« 

mm fef 

if kM | 



T // E B U F F I N G T O X FA M I L Y 

Page 29. — John Yeager, 1835. My Father-in-law, John 
Yeager, departed his life the 19th day of February in the 
vear of our Lord 1835; his funeral sermon held by Parson 
Gerhart : his text was Isaiah 57 and the 2nd verse ; his age 
was 68 years. 

My mother-in-law, Catharine Yeager, departed her 
life the 19th day of April, 1841 : her funeral sermon was 
held bv Emanuel Gerhart; her text was 2nd of Timothy 
4-6-7-8; her age was 69 years, 4 months, 13 days. 

Thomas Buffington 

Thomas Buffington, born 1756, died Feb. 23, 1814; 
married Elizabeth Slaymaker, horn 1764, died Sept. 1805; 
and had children, viz. : 

Margaret, horn Nov. 22. T783. 

John, born Jan. 17, 1785; married Isabel Fulton. 

Ann, born Aug. 23. 1786; married Isaac Tomlinson. 

Jane, born July 23. 1788; married Cornelius Armstrong. 

Daniel, born March 2^, 1790. 

William, born March 3, 1702; married Leah Harmon. 

Henry I., born Pec. 17. 1703; died young 1 . 

Thomas, born April 1, 1706. 

Alexander, born July 12. 1708; married 1st — Mary 
Jones; 2nd — Mary Paxton. 

Benjamin, born April 2r, 1800; married Elizabeth Fet- 

Elizabeth, born Jan. 28, 1803; unmarried. 

John Buffington, 1785-1856. married Isabel Fulton, 
[793-1826, daughter of Richard Fulton and his wife, Mary 
Willson. John Buffington and Isabel Fulton were married 


Jan. 9, 1816, by Rev. James Buchanan, at Pa^tang, and had 
children, viz. : 

Mary Hays, born Nov. 3, 1816; married Dr. John H. 

Thomas Willson, born Dec. 9, 1819; married Elizabeth 
Sydney Chayne. 

Elizabeth Slaymaker ; born May 21, 1822; married 
James Clark. 

Isabella Fulton, born Nov. 20, 1824; married A. Flem- 
ing Slaymaker. 

Mary Hayes Buffington, 1816-1893; married on March 
29, 1836, by Rev. Gerry, to Dr. John Henry Fager, 1806- 
1872, and had children, viz.: 

Sarah Cleckner, died in infancy. 

John Bufhngton, died in infancy. 

Charles Buffington. 

Mary Isabella, died young. 

Ella Elizabeth. 

Bella Fulton. 

Annie Mary. 

John Henry, died very young. 

Sallie Adams, died very young. 

diaries Buifington, married Susan Hummel and had 
three boys : 

1. Valentine Hummel, born Dec. 17, 1856, married 
Elizabeth Uhler and had — Charles Buffington, born Mar. 
22, 1896; Valentine Hummel, born Nov. 25, 1898; Robert 
McAllen, born Sept. 22. 1900; Mary Mendenhall, born Jan. 
6, 1905; Elizabeth Uhler, born March 11, 1907. 

2. Charles Buffington, born Sept. 4, 1869; married 
Helen Rea Hickman of Muncie, Indiana. 



3. John Henry, born Oct. 26, 1877; married Clara R. 
Shearer of Harrisburg. 

Anne Mary Fager married Samuel Kunkel of the Me- 
chanics Bank, Harrisburg. 

John Henry Fager, a physician, married Alice West- 
brook and had 

Lucy, born 188 1 ; married Odin I Terr and have one 
daughter, Fleanor. 

Paul, born 1884. 

Thomas Wilson Buffington, born 1819. died 1895; 
married E. Sydney Chayne and had 

Elizabeth Chayne, died in infancy. 

John Buffington, died in infancy. 

Mary Kelton, died in infancy. 

Henry Augustus, married Xettie Thomas and had Rob- 

William Urie — never married. 

Maria Mvtinger, died very young. 

Elisabeth Slaymaker Buffington, born 1822. died 1899; 
married James Clark and had 

Isabel Fulton, died young. 

Mary Martin, married Rev. J. Spangler Kieffer of 
Hagerstown and had Elizabeth Buffington, John Brainerd, 
James Clark, Eleanor Spangler, Henri Grandlenard, Paul 
and Richard Fulton. 

Sydney Buffington, married William X. Knisely and 
had Elizabeth Clark, who married Joseph Shearer. 

Isabella Fulton Buffington, [824-1885; married A. 
Fleming Slaymaker and had 

Sophia Elizabeth, married Or. David F. Unger and had 


John Buffington, Frederic Fleming, Henry Slaymaker, Os- 
wald Josephus, Isabel Fulton, Guy Geyser, Lucy and Sophie. 

Thomas Buffington, born 1853, died 1857. 

Rebecca Cochran. 

Henry Fleming, born 1863 ; married Annie Bell Mac- 
Dowell and had two children ; Margaretta and Walter. 

Tribute to the Late Dr. Fager 

Editor Harrisburg Telegraph : Occasionally the power 
of friend-winning is given to a man or woman to an unusual 
degree. Sometimes we call it personal magnetism, this 
quality that draws and holds us ; more often we do not name 
it, we only know that he or she is our friend and the friend 
of many others. 

Perhaps we take that friendship for granted until the 
ties that bind us are broken. Then we know that it is not 
what the one who is gone was to the community, what he 
was in his profession, in his church, in his social life, that 
we mourn — but what he was to us personally. 

There are many in all classes and of all ages in Harris- 
burg today who so mourn Dr. Fager. 

The children in the school house in Walnut street will 
miss "their Doctor," who always had a smile and a cheery 
word for them as they passed his house. Each recurring set 
of little ones, during the years that he was on the School 
Board, fearlessly took their troubles to him or besought fa- 
vors, knowing him their friend. 

Many a teacher, too, feels that he or she has lost a 
friend, one whose interest and staunchness could be relied 
upon in times of stress. 


T II R B U F F 1 N G T O N F A M I L Y 

Charles Buffington Fager, M. D. 



Who can count the homes of poverty and sickness where 
there is sorrow today because no more will "the Doctor" 
come to them to bring healing with no thought of return ? 

Perhaps more than others physicians come in close 
touch with humanity, but there are few even in their profes- 
sion who won the love and trust of their patients as did Dr. 
Fager. He was not just the doctor in whose skill to cure 
they had confidence ; he was the friend on whom they un- 
loaded their burdens, certain of his sympathy and willing- 
ness to help. 

Especially was he a friend to young men. Many, not 
his patients, sought his advice when in trouble, or enjoyed 
an hour from time to time in his office listening to his tales 
of an earlier Harrisburg or laughing over his merry yet keen 
comments on current happenings. 

Humorous, cheerful, with an intense love of life, and 
a broad understanding of its trials and temptations that 
made him charitable to the failings of men and women 
around him, he had the rare power to cure depression. T Ic 
gave what was more than medicine to the body — he helped 
those who came to him discouraged to get a new grip on 

So it is not what Dr. Fager was to education, to bus- 
iness, to science in this community that will linger longest 
in the memories of those who knew him well, but what he 
meant to them as a tried and true friend. 

The death of Charles Buffington Fager, whose funeral 
took place yesterday, leaves a vacancy in the community 
which will long be felt, not only by his immediate friends, 
but by the public whom he served so faithfully in various 
capacities. He has been especially missed in the School 
Board, of which he was for many years a most prominent 



F A M I L Y 

and active member and to which he declined a re-election 
on account of failing health. Personally and socially Dr. 
Fager was a lovable man and among those who mourn his 
loss is the writer of this brief but heart-felt tribute to lhs 


The Late Judge Charles A. Mayer 

(1830-1906 of Lock Haven., Penna., President Judge of 25th Judicial 
District of Penna. for nearly 38 years and President Lock Haven 
Normal School. Great-grandson of Benjamin Buffington. 

A mi Buffington 

Ann Buffington, daughter of Benjamin, horn [767, mar- 
ried 1787, Henry Mayer (original name was he Maire, fam- 
ily being of French I luguenot extraction who fled to Switzer- 





land upon the revocation of Edict of Nantes) born at Bu- 
bendorf, Canton Basle, Switzerland, December 25, 1745; 
emigrated to America and settled in the Lykens Valley near 
Millersburg about the year 1760. Died May or June, 1832. 
Had issue among others : 

Jacob, a Minister of the Reformed Church, one of the 
founders of Franklin and Marshall College, born at Millers- 






Mrs. Cordelia Mayer Quiggle 

widow of the late Col. J. W. Quiggle, and grand-daughter of Anne 
Bufnngton, now living in her eighty-third year. 

burg, December 15, 1798. Married December 10, 1822, 
Margaret Tate of Philadelphia, Pa., born Jan. to, 1801, died 
August 21, 1822. Had issue among others: 

Charles A. Mayer, for upwards of 37 years a Judge of 
the Court of Common Pleas of Pennsylvania, died in 1907 ; 


and Cordelia, born August 18, 1828 (still living) married 
July 2, 1848, 

James W. Qtiiggle, Deputy Attorney General, State 

The Rev. Jacob Mayer 

pioneer clergyman of the Reformed church and one of the founders of 
Franklin and Marshall College. Son of Anne Bufliiifilon Mayer. 

Senator, Lieutenant Colonel and Consul General of the 
United States at Antwerp, Belgium. Born January 9, 1820, 
died November 28, 1878. 

1 in 

T H E 



Had issue among others: James C, who was U, S. Con- 
sular Agent at Cornwall, Canada, 1 871-2, was tendered latter 
year appointment of U. S. Consul at Zante, Greece, but de- 

Hon. James C. Quiggle 

Great-great-grandson of Benjamin Buffington. Three times American 
Consul to Canada, and two terms a member of the Pennsylvania 

In 1876 Assistant in Office of Chief Secretary of United 
States Centennial Commission ; United States Consul at Port 
Stanley and St. Thomas, Canada, 1887-90. Member of Leg- 
islature of Pennsylvania, sessions of 1901-3, serving on 

T II E B U F f I X C T O N F A M I L Y 

Committees of Appropiations, Elections, Ways and Means, 
Federal Relations, Printing and Manufacturers. From 
1903-7 was United States Consul at Collingwood, Canada. 
Blanche, married Henry F. Shoemaker, a leading cap- 
italist of New York City. Her son, Henry W., is head of 

Major William H. Mayer (1833-1899) 

Civil War Officer and three times Mayor of Lock Haven. Penna. 
Great-grandson of Benjamin Buffington. 

the banking firm of Shoemaker, Hates & Co., 37-43 Wall St., 
New York. Some few years ago he was appointed Secretary 
of the American Legation to Portugal, but before serving 
was transferred as an Assistant Secretary of the American 
Embassy at Berlin, Germany. Their daughter, Blanche, 
married Alfred WagstafF, Jr.. of Long Island, Xew York. 


B U F F I X G T N 

P A M I L V 

Hon. Henry W. Shoemaker 

Secretary American Legation, Lisbon, 1903. Asst. Secretary American 
Embassy, Berlin, 1904. Second Lieutenant, N. G., New York, 
1907-08. Banker in New York City. Great-great-grandson of Ben- 
jamin Buffington. 


T II E B U F F I N G T () N F A .1/ / L Y 

George Buffington 

Yeagertown, grandson of George, th<- soldier of the Revolutioi 
an. I former High Sheriff of Mifflin Count) 



Descendants of Richard Buffington, the First, in 
the Revolutionary War 

Benjamin Buffing-ton, great-grandfather of Jeremiah 
M. Yeager, of Yeagertown. 

George Buffington, grandfather of Jeremiah M. Yea- 
ger of Yeagertown. 

Thomas Buffington, Lancaster county, great-uncle of 
Jeremiah M. Yeager of Yeagertown. 

Curtis Buffington, Chester County. 

Enoch Buffington, Chester County. 

Isaac Buffington, Chester County. 

Jacob Buffington, Cnester County. 

Jesse Buffington, Chester County. 

Jonathan Buffington, Chester County. 

Joseph Buffington, Chester County. 

Joshua Buffington, Chester County. 

Nathanial Buffington, Chester County. 

Thomas Buffington, Chester County. 

Cyrus F. Buffington 

Cyrus F. Buffington, J. P., carriage builder, Union- 
town, Pa., was born in Mifflin Township, Dauphin County, 
Pa., September 24th, 1839. His Father, John Buffington, 
was born in the Lykens Valley in 1818, and now resides in 
Uniontown. He was a farmer in his younger days, and in 
later life was a carriage and wagon maker in Uniontown. 
He married Dena France, born in the Lykens Valley, and 
died in 1858. They had twelve children : Cyrus F., Sarah, 
wife of John Klinger, William, Hannah, deceased, Solomon, 
Mary, deceased, Christina, wife of Isaac Groff, Elizabeth, 
Harriet, wife of William Drum, Adam and two who died 
in infancy. 

Mr. Buffington is a member of the United Brethren 

T II E H U F F I X G T O iX F A M I L Y 

Church, has been both Deacon and Elder, and is a class lead- 
er. He has been a resident of Uniontown for over fifty 
years, is well and favorably known and universally honored. 
He has been foremost in every movement to better the social 
condition and the material prosperity of the Community. 

He attended school for a short time in Washington 
Township; the remainder of his education was received in 
Uniontown. He worked on a farm at ten years of age; and 
afterwards learned the trade of Mill-wright ; then worked 
for three years as apprentice with his father at wagon-mak- 
ing. He afterwards began the business of carriage making 
for himself and carried it on successfully for five years. In 
r866 he admitted his brother to partnership, and since that 
time the firm of Bnffington & Brother have conducted a 
carriage and wagon factory, which for first-class workman- 
ship, is equal to any in the State. They have built a large 
factory and furnished it with the best machinery. 

Mr. Buffington has been Justice of the Peace for fif- 
teen years, elected on the Republican ticket. He adminis- 
ters the law and dispenses it with ability and impartiality. 
He is a member of the Borough Council and the School 

Cyrus Buffington was married at Berrysburg in 1862 to 
Caroline Bingaman, a native of Lower Mahanoy Township. 
Northumberland County, Pa. She died in [884. They had 
five children: Henry, educated at Lebanon Valley College. 
Annville Minister of the United Brethren Church; Irwin. 
carpenter, deceased. 1894; John. Flora, and one that died in 

Mr. Buffiington married again March 17th. [885 His 

second wife was Maria Dunkelberger. Their children are: 

Llovd E., and Emma. Mr. Buffington is Sunday School 

Superintendent, Trustee. Deacon and Elder in the United 



Brethren Church. He is industrious, enterprising, frugal, 
intelligent, genial in manner, and a popular citizen. 

William Buffington 

William Buffington is a brother and partner of Cyrus 
F. Buffington. He was born in the Lykens Vailey, March 
8th, 1843. He has been in partnership with his brother in 
the carriage building business since 1866. 

William Buffington was married at Berry sburg in 1861 
to Catherine A. Souder, who is a native of Montgomery 
County, Pa. Their children are: William W.. Harry, resid- 
ing at Shamokin ; Anna and John, who died young. 

Mr. Buffington is a Republican and in business capacity 
and the elements of character, that secures success, as well 
as in personal work, he is a good match for his excellent 

— From History of the Lykens Valley. 

I. T. Buffington, proprietor of the Elizabethville Plan- 
ing Mill, Elizabethville, Penna., and Funeral Director, was 
born in iJpper Paxton Township, Dauphin Co.. Penna.. July 
20, 1850. I. T. Buffington is a son of Josiah Buffington and 
Susan Yeager Buffington. 

Solomon Buffington. grandfather of Isaiah T. Buffing- 
ton, wa^ born in Dauphin Co., and was a farmer and shoe- 
maker bv trade, doing business in Dauphin Co. Josiah Buf- 
fington father of I. T. Buffington, was born in Upper Pax- 
ton Township, Dauphin Co-, Jan. 16, 1826. He was a prom- 
inent resident of Elizabethville for forty years, during which 
time he was engaged in contracting, cabinet making and 
undertaking. He was Postmaster at Eilzabethville, Penna., 
for over twenty years. He died in June, 1900, at the age of 


~2 years. I lis wife, Susan Yeager Buffington, died April 
rc)i2, and attained the age of 85 years. Their children are 
as follows: Isaiah T., residing at Elizabethville, Penna. ;John 
W., residing at Newport, Perry Co., Penna. ; Mary, wife of 
Andrew Tschopp, deed., residing at Elizabethville, Pa. ; Hen- 
rietta, wife of Henry Bickel, residing near Mt. Carmel, 
Penna.; Benjamin F-, residing at Elizabethville. Penna.; 
Kate, residing at Middletown, Penna. ; Harrv, residing at 
Los Angeles, Cal. ; Lizzie, wife of Chas. Potter, residing at 
Mifflintown, Penna. ; Emma and Alvah, who died in infancy. 
Isaiah T- Buffington, when about three years old. was 
brought by his parents to Mifflin Twp., where they remain- 
ed for n few years, later removing to Washington Twp., 
where he received his earlv education. At the age of ten 
years he went to work on neighboring farms and was en- 
gaged as a farm hand for five years. He then began to 
learn the trade of cabinet making and carpentry and house 
building and followed these branches of business with his 
father until he was twenty-two years of age. All this time 
he worked for his clothing and board. The next four years 
his wages were from $1.75 to $2.00 per day. In 1876 he 
entered business on his own account at Elizabethville, Penna., 
as a Cabinet maker and Undertaker and Contractor, con- 
ducting this business alone until [888. In the beginning he 
worked in a small room ten by sixteen feet and made addi- 
tions as business demanded, lie was the builder of many 
of the most imposing residences of Elizabethville. In 1888 
he formed a partnership with C- \Y. Enders under the firm 
name of Buffington & Enders and successfullv carried on a 
general planing mill business. On Oct. 1. 1002. this partner- 
ship was dissolved by mutual consent and die business was 
resumed by T. T. Buffington and is still bein°[ carried on 
under the name of the Elizabethville Planing Mill. 
1 1.", 


Isaiah T. Buffington was married at Elizabethville, 
Penna., Sept. i, 1872, to Mary Kemmerer, a daughter of 
Christian and Catharine Fisher Kemmerer of Washington 
Township, Penna. Their children are : William E., a grad- 
uate of Eastman Business College and George Washington 
University, now in the government employ at Washington, 
D. C. ; Edward F., died in infancy ; Nellie P., at home, a 
graduate of Lebanon Valley College ; Ray K., at home, a 
graduate of a business college at Norristown, Penna., now 
engaged with his father in business ; George C-, a graduate 
of an Embalming School, now engaged as a Funeral Direc- 
tor at Elizabethville, Penna. ; Lewis C, at home, Teller in 
The First National Bank, Elizabethville, Penna. ; Annie AT., 
died at the age of five years. 

Mr Bufnngton's political principles are Republican. 
He has served two terms as constable of the Township. Up- 
on the organization of Elizabethville as a Borough he was 
elected as the Chief Burgess for the first term ; has also 
served as school director for six years. He is connected fra- 
ternally with the I. O. O. F. Mr. Buffington is President of 
the Enterprise Hosiery Mills, also President of the Eliza- 
bethville Cemetery Association, also a Director of The First 
National Bank of Elizabethville, Penna. Lie belongs to the 
United Brethren Church and has been a member of the 
Board of Trustees for 26 years. He has been Superin- 
tendent of the Sunday School for 15 years and has taken 
an active part in all church work. 

He has made his own way in the world on his own re- 
sources with strong hands and a clear head and a good 
heart. His career is successful as it is honorable and his 
example is an encouragement and inspiration to all boys 
who have to depend upon their own ability and resources. 

— History of the Lykens Valley. 

r h e 

C R E I G H T O N 

F A M I L Y 


Meet nurse for a poetic child! 

l^and of brown heath and shaggy wood, 

Land of the mountain and the flood, 

Land of my sires! What mortal hand 

Can e'er untie the filial band 

That knits me to thy rugged strand ? 

— Sir Walter Scott, 




T II E C l< E I G H T N F A M I L Y 

William Creiffhton 


T If E 



The Creightons 

Andrew Creighton was horn in St. Mary's Street, Edin- 
burgh, about 1753. Came to this country when a lad of 
fifteen; in 1797 was married to Isabella Jones, whose par- 

Elizabeth Jacobs Creighton 

cuts brought her from Wales to America when she was two 
years old. The children of Andrew and Isabella Jones 
Creighton were: Joseph, who died in Crawford County, Pa.; 
Andrew, who died in Tuscarora Valley; William, died May 


8, 1891, in Yeagertown, Pa.; Mrs. Belle Plowman, died near 
Altoona, Pa.. January 17, 1896; Thomas, the youngest, died 
in Allegheny City, by a fall from a roof. 

William Creighton was horn in the Tuscarora Valley, 
February 1. [803. and married Elizabeth Jacobs. July 1st. 

Mrs. Isabella (( freight* >n) Plowman 

»nly daughter of Andrew Creighton. Died near Altoona. Pa., Jan. 1' 
1896, in her ninetieth year. 

1830. The children of William Creighton and Elizabeth 
Jacobs Creighton were: Abram M.. born April 10, [831; 
Samuel Creighton, born April 25, [833; Mary Jane, born 
Jam;. try 2, [835; married J. M. Yeager, December 28, 1854. 
and died March 22. 1873; Harriet Amanda, born December 


g, 1839; married Samuel Musser, July 4, 1865; Isaac 
Thomas, born May 8, 1843; married Lucy Herbster ; Mar- 
garet Ann, born June 9, 1837, died November 7, 1854; Eliz- 
abeth Jacobs, born July it, 1846; William, Jr., born April 
23, 1852, married August 21, T873, 

William Creighton, Sr., died at Yeagertown, Pa., May 
8, 1891. 

The followng brief notice of the departure of Isabella 
'Yeighton Plowman, only daughter of Andrew Creighton 
and sister of William Creighton. Sr., of Yeagertown, Pa., 
appeared in the Altoona Tribune on January t8, 1896. 

Mrs. Isabella Creighton Plowman 

Mrs. Isabella Plowman died yesterday morning (Jan. 
17, 1896) at 9.25 o'clock, of old age, at the home of her 
grandson, George J. Sager, at P>aker's mines. She was a 
native of Juniata county, having been born there February 
15, 1806. 

She is survived by six children: Mrs. R. J. Sager, of 
Parsons, W. Va. ; Mrs. Josephine Schwartz, of Chicago, 
111.; Warren Plowman, of Lafayette, Ind. ; Oliver G. Plow- 
man, of Cherrvvale, Kan. ; Daniel C. riowman, of Denison, 
Tex. ; Wilson L. Plowman, of St. Louis, Mo. 

The deceased had been a resident of this city forty-one 
years, but left her home on Sixth avenue two months ago 
to visit. She was a member of the Presbyterian church for 
seventy-five years. The remains will be brought to this 
city on the 1.40 train tomorrow afternoon and taken direct 
from the depot to the cemetery, where the interment wdl 
be made. 



Rev. Abram M. Creighton 



The Rev. Abram M. Creighton 

At the session of Central Pennsylvania Conference held 
in Lock Haven, Pa., March, 1882, many of his brethren 
were startled when his presiding elder asked for Abram M. 
Creighton a supernumerary relation. Though at the time 
he seemed to be strong and robust, a fearful disease had 
even already marked him for an early death. 

Mr. Creighton was born near Yeagertown, Pa., April 
16, 1831, and died at Philipsburg, Pa., July 7, 1884. 

Under the gracious influence of the Holy Spirit he 
was early brought to see his need of a Saviour, and in his 
nineteenth year was led to accept Him. His conversion was 
very clear, and soon he grew into a strong and vigorous 
Christian. All his after life brought forth the fruits of the 
Spirit. For some time he attended school at Cassville, Pa. 
He was also a student at Williamsport Dickinson Seminary. 
This was in preparation for a great work to which God and 
the church were calling him. He accepted a license to 
preach from the Quarterly Conference of Newville, and in 
the spring of 1857 was admitted into the East Baltimore Con- 
ference. His first appointment was to the Concord circuit. 
The following places were subsequently blessed with his pres- 
ence and ministry: 1858, Lock Haven; 1859, Warrior's 
Mark; 1860-61, Beaver Meadow; 1862-63, Sunbury; 1864-66, 
Montoursville ; 1867-69, Ashland; 1870, Trinity Church, 
Danville; 1871-73, Renovo ; 1874-76, Montoursville: 
1877-78, Hazleton ; 1879-81, Philipsburg- 

On the completion of his third year at Philipsburg, with 
failing health himself, and a wife gradually going down in 
weakness, he asked to he relieved for a time from the re- 
sponsibilities of the ministry. His request was sorrowfully 


granted by his brethren, and returning to Philipsburg he 
engaged in business. Down to death he commanded the 
respect and confidence of the public. 

In September, 1883, his faithful wife was called from 
their home here to the home above. Side bv side they rest 
in the old burying ground near Gray's Church until He who 
holds in His hands the keys shall unlock the doors of the 

Brother Creighton was a man of noble and commanding 
appearance, with a face beaming with kindness — the ex- 
pression of a large heart overflowing with love and sym- 
pathy. As a Christian he was a "living epistle, read and 
known of all men." His religion was practical rather than 
sentimental. He excelled in practical things — things use- 
ful, rather than in things ornamental. This disposition 
found expression in all his pastoral work and in all his 
preaching. He aimed at immediate results in saving men 
and in building up the church, rather than to build up a 
reputation as a great preacher. "His works do follow him." 

In all his charges he has left the impress of his prac- 
ticed hand. Those who have followed him have been able 
to gather much fruit from the seed sown by him. A faith- 
ful servant, even unto death, he has gone to his crown. Bro- 
ther Creighton's last thought was of others rather than him- 
self. The future of his children was the only thought that 
seemed to trouble him as he realized the approach of death. 
But his faith triumphed, and he calmly prepared for the 
journey into the unseen, believing that the rod and staff of 
the Good Shepherd would guide him through the valley and 
shadow of death, and that the God of the fatherless would 
be the God of those who stood watching him as he went 


down into the shadows. Surrounded by those to whom he 
had last ministered in holy things, he "fell on sleep." 

Appropriate funeral services were held in Gray's Church 
under the immediate direction of his presiding- elder, the 
Rev. James H. McGarrah, assisted by Brothers G. W. Bouse. 
\Y. R. Whitney, Dr. J. S. McMurray, George Guyer, and 
his pastor, the Rev. J. B. Polsgrove. — Minutes M. E. Church. 

Elmira Gray Creighton 

Elmira Gray, daughter of Jacob Gray and Margaret 
Purdue Gray, of Centre county, and wife of Rev. A. AT. 
Creighton, of Philipsburg, Pa., departed this life at nine 
o'clock A. M. on Wednesday, September 12, 1882, aged 
forty-four years and nine months. She was buried at Half 
Moon in the family burying ground on the following Thurs- 
day afternoon. 

Mrs. Creighton was one of the unassuming, excellent 
women of the earth. Her life was given for the comfort 
and care of her family. In the sick-room an apt and careful 
nurse, and a soothing comforter. Conscientious in her con- 
victions of right, she despised anything that did not measure 
up to the highest moral standard. She was the youngest of 
a family of six daughters, five of whom were married to 
Methodist ministers. 

During the nearly twenty-fonr years of her married life 
she was. while in health, always found at her place in the 
house of worship. Hut the last battle is fought and victory 
won — the spirit has gone to its Maker and its home. 

Her husband and children feel the force of this terrible 
shock, and, like all families when invaded by death's ruth- 
less hand, are left to view the surroundings with such re- 


Rev. Samuel Creighton 



flections and feelings as its solemnity alone can inspire. The 
relations existing between Mr. Creighton and the editor of 
the Journal during the years of the past have been so inti- 
mate as to enable us to fully compass the sadness of their 
situation, and we tender him and the surviving members of 
his family our warmest sympathies and strongest affection 
and friendship in this their hour of sorrow and bereavement. 
— Philipsburg Journal. 

Samuel Creighton 

Samuel Creighton was born near Lewistown, Pennsyl- 
vania, January 25, 1833. and born again in the fall of 1852. 
He united with the Methodist Episcopal Church, and such 
were his gifts and graces that in a short time he was given 
license to preach and assigned to work under the Elder. In 
March", 1854, he joined the Baltimore Conference. By the 
division of the Baltimore Conference into the Baltimore and 
East Baltimore Conferences, in 1858, he became a member 
of the East Baltimore Conference. In the readjustment of 
Conference lines, which resulted in the organization of the 
Central Pennsylvania Conference in 1868, he became a mem- 
ber of that body. 

Brother Creighton's appointments were as follows : 1853, 
Karthaus; 1854, Manor Hill; 1855-56, Bellefonte Circuit; 
T857-8, Mifflinburg; 1859-60, Altoona ; 1861-2, Philipsburg; 
1863-4, North Baltimore; 1865-7, Lock Haven; 1868-70, 
Lewisburg ; 1871-3, St. Paul's, Danville; 1874-5, Berwick; 
1876-8, Lock Haven; 1879-81, Pine Street, Williamsport ; 
1882-4, Milton; 18857, Eighth Avenue, Altoona; 1888-92, 
Pine Street, Williamsport ; 1893-99, Supernumerary; 1900 
Lewistown; 1901-07, Superannuated. 

7 // E C R E I G H T O X E A M I L Y 

The period of his superannuation was spent on his farm 
near Mackeyville, in the midst of surroundings, to him a 
constant delight — beloved by his brethren and honored by 
the church. 

( )n Sunday, the 8th of September, he was stricken by 
paralysis, and on the toth of September, at his Ik (inc. he 
passed into light. 

After a brief service at the late home of the deceased, 
conducted by Brother M. B. Bubb, the clay tenement of Bro- 
ther Creighton was borne to the chapel in the Wildwood 
Cemetery. Williamsport, where his 'Presiding Elder, the 
Rev. B. C. Conner, conducted services, assisted by Brothers 
Richard Mallalieu, W. P. Eveland, J. 11. Black, M. B. Bubb, 
J. B Stein, James Hunter. T. S. Wilcox. B. II. Mosser, R. 
I [. ( Hlbert, E. M. Stevens, and W. W. Evans. J. R. I iazelet 
and II. T. Ames joined with the brethren named in tributes 
of respect. Carried by his brethren to its last resting place, 
the body was then deposited in the grave to await the resur- 
rection call. 

Samuel Creighton was married May 14, [857, to Miss 
Catharine Ryman, of Milesbnrg, Penna., the daughter of 
Charles Ryman, a noted local preacher and prominent citizen 
of that town. During the pastorate of our brother at Eighth 
Avenue, Altoona, she answered the summons to the skies. 
leaving him alone, except to the care and companionship ol 
a foster daughter, who was taken from him in July, i<)0~. 

To accurately estimate the character of Rev. Creighton, 
is not an easy task. Horn of a noble, religious and patriotic 
ancestry, nurtured in a Christian home, saved by the grace 
of God in early life, he was well prepared for the positions 
of prominence and power he so acceptably filled to the 
delight and edification of those to whom lie ministered. 


As a gentleman he "combined dignity with cheerful- 
ness, culture with sociableness, a proper reserve blended with 
friendliness." In the home, in the social parlor, with men of 
business, as minister in the pulpit, he first charmed then by 
hooks of steel strengthened friendships once formed. When 
free from care and the public, there was a beautiful blend- 
ing of the grave and the gay in his life. Never frivolous, in 
every position he filled, it could be said of him, he was a 
manly man. His Christian experience was rich and full. 
One who listened to him for years said of him, "He was 
one of the most spiritually minded men within the bounds of 
this Commonwealth." There was, therefore, no uncertain 
declarations of the eternal verities of God. He lived in the 
summits, free from enemies and spiritual disease. This made 
him a power in the pulpit, a comforter in the home of sor- 
row, an earnest pleader with the unsaved, a mighty director 
in winning all classes of society in revival meetings. The 
depth of his tenderness and sympathy are known by those 
who were privileged to receive his ministry of comfort and 
consolation in their hours of deepest sorrow. The sincerity 
of his life impressed both saint and sinner. The grace of 
God made radiant his face, kindly his word even in rebuke, 
and soft his hand in leading the wanderer back into the 
narrow way and the saint into the secrets of God. "The sin- 
cerity of his life, the purity of his character, the integrity of 
his purpose, the singleness of his aim, the mellow geniality 
of his spirit, and the tenderness of his heart, marked him as 
one of God's noblemen. The influence of such a life is im- 
mortal. It will broaden forever by means of other lives 
illuminated and redeemed by its touch and power." 

As a preacher he was excelled by none in this great 
conference. He was not meteoric but rather as the sun shin- 

7 // n C R E 1 G II T N F A M I L Y 

eth in his strength ; not given to sensation, but clear, positive, 
powerful in his declarations; he was a great preacher of 
the Word. Those who heard him felt his sermons were too 
brief, and went away with the purpose of hearing him a.^ain. 
lie was a great preacher because he was a great man. It 
is always the man who speaks and makes the impression, 
rather than the message. The message and the manner of 
delivery are the consequences of what the man is. Having 
a clear perception of truth and ability to express his convic- 
tions with strength, beauty, fitness and taste. Brother Creigh- 
ton's churches were crowded with worshippers and multi- 
tudes in practically every charge he served, were lead from 
"nature's darkness into the marvelous light and liberty of 
the sens of God." I le combined instruction, inspiration, en- 
couragement in all his ministrations. Having purity of 
thought, mental clearness, delicacy of perception, knowledge 
of men and God; he was able to summon "thoughts that 
breathe and words that burn." Who that ever heard him in 
a revival meeting can forget his appeals? Who that ever 
sat under his ministry that did not go from the house of 
God purposing to be a better man? lie possessed all the ele- 
ments that make a minister successful. Bishop McCabe said 
of him: "If 1 could man every pulpit in Xew York City 
with a preacher-evangelist like Samuel Creighton, I could 
take that City for Christ in a very brief time, lie was great 
as an evangelist, great as a preacher, great as a pastor, great 
as a financier. Thousands will rise in the judgment and de- 
clare him blessed. 

After two score years of active service in the ministry, 
filling prominent appointments in the Conference, he was 
permitted to spend the evening of life, in the quiet and re- 
pose of a home in the country any one of us could covet, 


awaiting the eclipse of life in a sunset beautiful beyond the 
power of words to describe. As he passed into the City of 
God, surely he received the "well done" of tbe Father, and 
the welcome home of the "loved ones lost awhile" with the 
glad greeting of those who had entered the Gates of Pearl 
helped by his ministery. In a beautiful casket, covered with 
resurrection symbols, surrounded by his brethren of the Con- 
ference, who anoint his weary feet with their alabaster boxes 
of love as his body is given to the cold earth, while multi- 
tudes blessed by his life sobbed out their sympathy over 
the great heart silenced forever in this world, the mortal re- 
mains of Samuel Creighton were laid to rest in beautiful 
Wildwood, in the city of Williamsport. Honored in life, 
triumphant in death, crowned in eternity. 
"Servant of God, well done; Thy glorious warfare's past: 
The battle's fought, the race is won, and thou art crowned 
at last." —EDWIN A. PYLES, 

In Minutes of Cen. Penn. Conference of M. E. Church. 

Mrs. Catharine A. Creighton 

Catharine A., wife of the Rev. Samuel Creighton, was 
horn in Milesburg, Center County, Pa., May 4. 1833, and 
fell asleep in Jesus at ten o'clock P. M., March 4, 1886, at 
the parsonage of Eighth Avenue Methodist Episcopal 
Church, Altoona. 

She was the daughter of the Rev. Charles G. Ryman, 
long and favorably known in Methodist circles. She he- 
came a Christian in her fourteenth year, and kept the faith 
unto the end. Her marriage relation commencing with 
May 14, 1857, continued twenty-nine years, during which 
time she was a faithful, devoted and efficient helpmeet. 


Edward Bright Creighton 
>f Philadelphia. Son of Rev. A. M. Creighton 



With a vigorous constitution and remarkable nerve force. 
she enjoyed excellent health, except during the last six years. 
Airs. Creighton had strong attachments for home and its 
endearments. She loved the beautiful in nature and in art, 
and attracted to herself many special admirers. This was 
made manifest in the messages and expressions of sympathy 
from friends at home and abroad during her protracted 
illness. The hearts she had won in the years turned the 
flood-tide of affection thitherward. 

She was quiet, thoughtful, undemonstrative, contented. 
She was a careful and extensive reader, and worshiped at 
the shrine of intelligent convictions. She followed the 
Christ ; was in harmony with his great effort in saving the 
world, and intrenched her hopes in the Atonement. A life 
so full of care, duty and holy triumphs becomes impressive. 
Like the Master, Sister Creighton was made perfect 
through suffering. Cancer is a cruel power. For six years 
she fought it; and never did courage, patience or faith shine 
with brighter lustre. 

When the writer visited her sick chamber it was on the 
Lord's Day at eventide. It was a fitful, stormy day. There 
were evidences of comfort and taste, and the deftly-wrought 
handiwork of an ever tidy, thrifty and energetic housewife; 
but these did not produce the contrast. Without the least 
expectation of recovery this Christian woman was as 
buoyant, peaceful and happy as if she did not know that 
the mystic fingers of death were unloosing the "silver cord," 
or about to throw down at the fountain of life the delicate 
"pitcher" or the "golden bowl." High hopes crowned the 
hour and touched the sceptre of a love that is infinite, hopes 
begotten by the Spirit and faith in the risen Saviour. What 
made the contrast? Submission to the divine superintend- 


Mary Jane (Creighton) Yeager 



ency, and resignation to a cup which the all-wise Father 
had prepared, and from which Jesus did not refuse to drink. 
Mrs. Creighton conquered through the "crucified." 

The funeral services were largely attended. Addresses 
were made by the Rev. J. L. Russell, pastor of the Second 
Presbyterian Church at Altoona, and the Revs. George War- 
ren and James T. Wilson, of Central Penna. Conference. 
The body was taken to Williamsport and the interment 
made in Wildwood Park Cemetery. 

— M. E. Conference Minutes. 

Rev. J. R. Akers wrote for New York Christian Advo- 
cate, April, 1873 : 

"Mary J., wife of J. M. Yeager, and daughter of Wil- 
liam Creighton, died at her residence in Yeagertown, Pa., 
March 22, aged 38. For twenty-two years she was a mem- 
ber of the M. F. Church, and a faithful follower of the 
Lord Jesus. An uncompromising Christian, although a 
life-long sufferer she was abundant in labors for the Church. 
In all her afflictions, which were most severe, she endured as 
seeing Him who is invisible. Mrs. Yeager was a faithful 
wife, making home attractive with her cheerfulness and in- 
genuity ; a noble mother, bringing her children to Jesus ; 
and although she leaves three boys to mourn the loss of a 
fond mother, they are not left without a mother's influence 
to bless them while they live. As a Christian "she was a 
light that never grew dim," and as a result of her life many 
will call her blessed in the judgment." 

In the Methodist Episcopal Church at Yeagertown, 
Penna., there is a Memorial Window to Mrs. Mary J. Yea- 
ger, donated by her sons. 


T II E C R 11 I G II T X 

F A M I L Y 





Abram M. Creighton 

Elmira Gray 

Esther, born May 17, 1864, 
died, only few months old ; 
Edward Bright, born June 17, 

! r866, • married Sarah Emma 

j Wren. Tune 21, 1888; Wil- 
liam Gray, born August 31, 

I 1870; Samuel Jacob, born 

t August 4, 1875. 

.,..,.. „ _ . , / Anna Grav, born Nov. 1, 

William Gray Creighton I John' Edward, born 

llT! e 'Ll"Z I4 ' T " I J" ne l6 » 1904; Margaret 
v Eleanor, born July 13, 1907. 

Eleanor Oswald 

Samuel Jacob Creighton . Eleanor, born May 6, 1900 ; 

Married April 27, i8q8, ) Kathryn P>., born June 4. 
Daisy E. Berrey, \ 1902 ; E. Gray, born Feb. 27, 

of Hughesville, Pa. 

J. M. Yeager 

Married Dec. 28, 1854. 
Marv jane Creighton 


William Jacob, 
James Martin, 
Tesse Orin. 

Samuel Musser 

James Ira 
, ) Sewall Asbury 

Married July 4. 1865. \ Frank M . " 
IT. A. Creighton ( wmam char]e 

James I. Musser 

Married Aug. 22, 188' 
Minnie Earnshaw Lewis 

-s Lewis James 

Sewall A. Musser 1 

Married June 20, 1889. < Charles Hutchinson 
Annie Elizabeth Ready ( 

Frank M. Musser I Samuel 

Married Jan. 14. 1894, ] p . B . . . t 
Margaret May Alston (. Russd Rhmehart 

William Charles Musser f Richard born Nov l8 

Married Dec. 22. i8<^ 
Clara Mav Ruble 

'' 1 Dorothy, born July 29, 191 1 


T II I- 

C R E I G H T O X 

F A M I L Y 

( William Porter, born June 
Edward P. Mann and I 18, 1869 ; Josephine Atkinson, 
Elizabeth J. Creighton were | born Oct. 30. [875; Harvey, 
married at Burnham, April <( born Nov. io. 1879; Thomas 
[9th, [866, by Rev. M. L. Creighton, born Aug. 2. 1882; 
Smith I Harriet Ann. born Nov. 19, 

I 1884. 


Elizabeth J. (Creighton) Mann 

Wife of Edward P. Mann and daughter, Harriet. Great-grand-daughter 
and great-great-grand-daughter respectively, of John Lemon and 
James Jacobs. 

William Porter Mann | 

Married Feb. 3. 1889, -J Madeline, born Mav 29, 1894 
Laura M. Albright ( 

Josephine Atkinson Mann married Thomas H. Smith. 
M. D.. of Milroy, Penna., and resides at lUirnliam. Penna. 


T If E 



I. T. Creighton, born j Emma Elizabeth, born Nov. 
May 8, 1843, Married Ln- ) 1, 1873; William! Albert, born 
cinda Herbster. Dec. 31, J Oct. 21. 1876; Edward Rov, 
1872. l born March 19, 1880. 

I. T. Creighton died August 5. T902. 

I. T. Creighton 

>P Yeajjertown, Pa., a;reat-£;ran<ls<>n of James Jaeobs and John Lemon. 

Married March 29, 1904, ( Doris Bywater 
William Albert Creighton -J Averil 15. Howarlh 
Rose L. Willatt ( William Edgar 

....... „ „ . , f Anna E., born Sept. 17, 

William C Creighton rg Samud w born Mar _ 

married (Aug. 21 1873) ^ „ l8;g . Clarence L, born 
Catharine J. Hemphill, who | Feb T< lg w _ Stanley, born 
was born June 29. 1855. jj uly T+ lgo6 



Anna E. Creighton 
Married Feb. 22, 1899, 

Arthur McNitt 5 ' I9 ° 4 

John Creighton, born Mar. 

Rev. J. R. Akers wrote the following memorial of Eliza- 
beth Jacobs, wife of Wra. Creighton. which appeared in the 
Xew York Christian Advocate in August, 1873: 

William C. Creighton 

of Yeagertown, Pa., great-grandson of James Jaeobs and John Lemon 

Elizabeth, wife of William Creighton, of Yeagertown, 
Pa., died in full triumph of faith, July 26, 1873, aged 63. 
She was converted and joined the M. E. Church at the age 




of fifteen, and was faithful to Christ till the latest hour. 
She raised a family of eight children, and brought them all 
into the Church save one, the youngest. Two of her sons 
occupy prominent stations in the Central Pennsylvania Con- 
ference. Mrs. Creighton was a noble mother and an un- 

Mrs. Harriet A. (Creighton) Musser 

Married Samuel Musser. Great-grand-daughter of Revolutionary sol- 
diers, John Lemon and James Jacobs. 

compromising Christian, "full of faith," and manifested the 
Spirit of Christ. 

Margaret Ann Creighton was born June 9, 1837, and 
died November 7, 1854. "Peggy Ann," as she was familiar- 
ly called by the family, died of typhoid fever before she had 


Margaret Ann Creighton 



attained her eighteenth year. At this early age she gave 
evidence of unusual literary abilities- She had written sev- 
eral poems which were quoted by her friends for many years 
and so deep was her religious life that when she knew that 
recovery was impossible she repeatedly urged those who 
visited her to become earnest Christians. 

Harriet Amanda Creighton was born December 9, 1839, 
and died June n, 1901. She was married to Samuel Musser 
July 4, 1865. In the Highland Avenue Methodist Episcopal 
church, Lewistown, Pa., there is a Memorial window to Mrs. 
Musser, presented by her husband in 1908. We believe that 
the following selected "In Memoriam" could be applied with 
equal appropriateness to each of these daughters and daugh- 
ters-in-law of William Creighton. 

What can we say of her whose loss we mourn ? 
What tribute can we bring to show our grief 
That one we knew and loved has gone from us 
And left an emptiness in all our hearts ? 
No words of ours can call her back to earth ; 
No praises we can speak can aught avail 
Her place is vacant and her voice is stilled , 
Her busy hands are idle and her name 
Is but a memory. Yes, 'tis true, but, yet, 
A precious memory, to which we hold 
As something priceless, more than gems or gold. 
For years she lived among us — well we knew 
How faithfully her days with work were filled. 
No task was slighted and naught left undone 
That might contribute to the perfect whole. 
She loved the beautiful, the true, the good ; 
Her gentle influence everywhere was felt 
And those who knew her best esteemed her most. 


All ! we shall miss her as the days go by 
Mow can we understand why she was taken. 
So good, so useful ? Not to us belongs 
The solving of the mystery; but One knows 
With whom all secrets are, and He who cares 
For I lis own children wisely, tenderly 
ITas surely chosen well for her, for us. 
And some day we shall see even as He sees 
And know that what God does is for the best. 
Let us bear this in mind: A noble life 
Is never lost — more than the rain that falls 
And disappears, then blossoms forth in flowers. 
Filling the earth with beauty and the air 
With fragrance. Life for us is better worth 
Idle living since we know that such as she 
Have lived and died and gone to dwell with God. 

Andrew Creighton's Signature 

This signature of Andrew Creighton appears in a book 
entitled "Sacred Contemplations." The volume consists of 
a scries of sermons by "Rev. Adam Gib. a minister of the 
Gospel in Ldinburg, Scotland," and was published in this 
country in 1 788. 

Dr. Gib was a noted Scotch theologian and preacher. 
The work is a discussion of the religious questions which 
at that time agitated the public mind. 


A foot-note to the author's preface by "a friend" says 
that "Doctor Gib died June 18, 1788; being carried off by 
the gout in his stomach." 

The Name Creighton of Scotch Origin 

That the name Creighton is Scotch is evidenced by the 
two letters printed in this connection. 

These letters are self-explanatory. One is from the 
Rev. J. R. Creighton, D. D., a prominent clergyman of the 
West ; the other is from Mrs. Jennie K. Creighton, mother 
of Miss Bertha Crei°titon who is well and favorably known 
to the American public. 

Stevens Point, Wis., June 29th, 1897. 
Dear Sir : — 

A great big apology is due you for allowing your letter 
of inquiry to be overlooked until now. 

My father was of Scotch descent, born near London- 
derry, North of Ireland — emigrated to Canada in young 
manhood — entered the Methodist ministry after teaching 
school a year — continued in the active ministry, Wesleyan 
Church of Canada for 49% years, when stricken in the mid- 
dle of his sermon one Sunday eve with paralysis — pastorate 
in Toronto. 

His father's name was John. A brother lately deceased 
in Canada was named James Kennedy. He occupied prom- 
inent positions in Canadian Methodism for many years. 

Pardon delay. Anything more that I can do write me. 



Isabella Creighton Plowman 

daughter, grandson, great-granddaughter, and great-great-grandson 



Buffalo, N. Y., August 27, 1904. 
Dear Sir : — 

Mr. Wm. Henry Creighton was the son of Ogden 
Creighton, who was Captain in the English Army stationed 
on the Canada side of Niagara Falls in 1838, when Wm. 
H. Creighton was born. The late Ogden was one of three 
brothers who came over from England ; the late Rev. Wm. 
H. Creighton of Tarrvtown, N. Y., was for years a resident 
pastor of one of the Episcopal churches in that town. No 
doubt you could get some valuable information from the 
New York State church history about him. He passed 
away before I met his nephew and I know very little of his 
history, though I saw something of him in a cyclopedia once 
but could not give the particulars now. 

The other brother, James, I have heard my husband 
speak "of. I think he lived in Providence, R. T. There were 
three cousins of my husband living in Providence — James, 
John and Halsey. James and John went west in the sixties 
and I never knew them. Halsey died either in Providence 
or Newport very suddenly at the age of 30, and as he was 
the favorite cousin of my husband's he never saw any more 
of that family. There are two daughters of Ogden's living 
in Canada, one Mrs. Fred Nash of Montreal and Mrs. 
Thos. Ross, 88 Stuart St., Ottawa. They perhaps could 
give you something of the family. I know my husband's 
family are from Lord Erne of Dumfries Co., Scotland. I 
was married to Wm. H. Creighton in 1868. 

I sincerely hope you can get something of a book for 
my son and daughter have always wanted to know more 
of their father's family. I have my family's history from 
16 16. 



Wishing you every success in your undertaking in 
which my son and daughter join, T am 

Very sincerely, 

Pennsylvania Creightons in the War of 
the Revolution 

James Creighton, I lucks county. 
Henry Creighton, Northumberland county. 
Alexander Creighton, killed in action. 
Peter Creighton, Master of a Navy Ship. 
Thomas Creighton, Juniata Valley. 

Alexander — mentioned above — was horn in Ireland. 
Andrew Creighton, grandfather of Mary J. Creighton 
Yeager, had a brother named Alexander. 

IK: 1 


German Farmers 

The prosperity of Pennsylvania, after the Revolution, 
was largely due to the indomitable industry, the earnestness, 
the frugality, and the consummate agricultural skill of the 
Germans. When, on the hanks of the Rhine, they had been 
bereft of all. houses, barns, cattle and crops, one thing they 
had still kept ; the skill inherited from thirty generations of 
land-cultivators, a skill that had made the Palatinate the 
"garden-spot" of Germany. This same skill brought to Penn- 
sylvania, soon changed the unbroken forest to an agricultural 
community as rich as any in the world. — Oscar Kuhns in 
"German and Swiss Settlements of Pennsylvania." 


T H E J A C B S F A M I L Y 

James Jacobs 

James Jacobs, the "old hero," was born on the Rhine, 
Germany, about 1725, emigrated to America, landing in New 
York. He had two sons, James and Thomas. James Jacobs, 
the son, is described as six feet tall, slender, black curly hair 
and black eyes. He enlisted in the Revolution, and his mil- 
itary record, furnished us by Wm. Lochren, Commissioner 
of Pensions under President Cleveland, is as follows : 

"James Jacobs (great-grandfather of Alary J. Creigh- 
ton Yeager of Yeagertown ) . enlisted December 27, 177 -5. as a 
private in Capt. Thomas L. Byles' company, of the Third 
Pennsylvania Regiment, commanded by Col. John Shee, and 
continued in the service of the United States until the 20th 
dav of November, 1776, when he was honorably discharged 
at Brunswick, N. J. He was in the battle with the Hessians 
at York Island, and at the battle of Fort Washington. Ap- 
plied for pension April 28. 1818. Residence at date of ap- 
plication, Mifflin County, Pa. Age at date of application, 
sixty-three years. In 1820 there resided with him his wife, 
Nancy, aged sixty years, and a son, Richard, aged thirteen 
years. His application for pension was allowed." 

The following sketch of the battle of Harlem Heights, 
in which James Jacobs took part, was furnished us by den. 
Ferdinand P. Earle, who now owns the old Roger Morris 
house which was Washington's headquarters on York Island 
in the autumn of 1776. 

The Battle of Harlem Heights 

September 16, 1776 

After the Battle of Pong Island Washington decided 
fall back to New York, and on August 30, 1776, exe- 


cuted the famous retreat from Long Island, known as one 
of the most remarkable events in history. Washington then 
attempted to restore order and confidence in New York by 
reorganizing the army, but he soon found that the enemy 
was making the city untenable and he quickly decided to 
evacuate. All military stores not in actual demand were re- 
moved, and on Sunday morning, September 15, the troop" 
marched to the upper part of Manhattan Island, Washing- 
ton remaining at the Apthorpe mansion until the troops were 
in sight, and then rode to the Morris house, on Harlem 
Heights, making it his headquarters. The first battle of 
Harlem Heights was fought at sunrise on Monday, Septem- 
ber i6th, and occupied but a few minutes. The second com- 
menced between 10 and 11 o'clock in the forenoon, and con- 
tinued nearly four hours. As yet no fortifications had been 
erected, except a mere beginning near the Morris house, and 
three small redoubts, which were half way to Manhattan- 
ville. This battle was the most brilliant and important in 
historical results of any fight during the Revolutionary War. 
It was evidently a part of the British plan to drive the 
Americans from the island before they could have time to 
construct defenses. The mistake of the British in beginning 
the battle too soon and in the wrong place occasioned the 
succession of British failures, which imbued the Americans 
with the spirit of self-confidence, which materially assisted 
them to final victory, and characterized their movements un- 
til peace was proclaimed. Washington's army on Harlem 
Heights numbered on the 16th scarcely 8,000, and yet only 
4,900 were engaged. The British were superior in numbers, 
not less than 6,coo of their choicest troops, with seven field 
pieces, being in the action, while 8,000 to 10,000 men were 
in arms ready to push on. It was an irregular battle from 

T II E JACOBS F A .1/ / L Y 

Tlfi^ tablet at Columbia University commemorates 
James Jacobs participated. 

lie of tli<> liattles in which 



the very character of the picturesque, undulating, wooded 
heights, with their rough, rocky and almost inaccessible sides. 
The British plunged in wherever there was an opening. The 
combatants were in scouts, squads, battalions and brigades, 
and fought behind trees, houses and rocks, the battle ranging 
from One Hundred and Fifty-fifth Street to Manhattanville. 
At evening of the 16th the armies occupied the same relative 
positions as before the battle, their pickets almost within 
speaking distance. The success of the day turned the cur- 
rent of affairs, and thenceforward the Americans believed 
in themselves. Washington occupied the Morris house as 
his headquarters until about October 25, 1776. 

This battle was really the first successful battle of the 
American Revolution. The troops engaged were from the 
North and South. Major Leitch, of the Virginia Riflemen, 
and Colonel Knowlton, of the Connecticut Rangers, both 
lost their lives on that occasion, thus showing the North 
and South fighting on Manhattan Island under the Stars and 
Stripes against a common enemy. 

The children of James and Nancy Jacobs: Samuel Ja- 
cobs, born in Lancaster County, November 30, T784; died 
in Graysville, Huntingdon County, March 21, 1859, aged 74 
years, 3 months and 21 days; Thomas Jacobs, moved to the 
State of Indiana; William Jacobs, died in Mifflin County, 
Pa., buried at Kelley's ; James Jacobs, moved to Oregon 
about 1838, died aged 99 years; George Jacobs, moved to 
Ohio, married Jane Given 1828, and had ten children, died 
in Wayne County; Richard Jacobs, moved to Ogden, 
Utah; Fannie Jacobs, married Adam Fredericks in the 
State of Ohio, and died near Steubenville, leaving seven 
daughters and one son ; Elizabeth Jacobs, married John 
Lemon (son of the Revolutionary soldier), lived at Pennsyl- 


James M. Jacobs 

>(' Huntingdon, Pa. Grandson of the Revotionary soldiers James 
Jacobs and John Lemon. Died Oct. 13, L906, in his ninetieth year. 



vania Furnace ; died at Half Moon, Pa. ; Sarah Jacobs, died 
in Oregon. 

Samuel Jacobs, the oldest son of James Jacobs, married 
Nancy Lemon, born May 18, 1783, died August 8, 1856, 
aged 73 years, 2 months and 21 days. The children of Sam- 

Samuel Jacobs 

Sole surviving grandson of James Jacobs and John Lemon, the Revo- 
tionary soldiers. Living in Altoona in his 88th year (1912). 

uel Jacobs and Nancy Lemon Jacobs were : Thomas Jacobs, 
born August 17, 1803 ; died in 1885 ; Mary Jacobs (Muthers- 
bough), born May 18, 1808; died November 18, 1831 ; Eliz- 
abeth Jacobs (Creighton), born June 10, 1810; died July 


In . r 8/3 ; Nancy Jacobs (Wyland), born November 24, 1813. 
died in Milesburg,' Pa.: Jane Jacobs, unmarried, born No- 
vember 24, 1815; died April 8, 1878; William Jacobs, born 
October 4. 1817. died July r6, [894; James M. Jacobs, born 
August 24. 1817; living (1004). Huntingdon. Pa.; Samuel 
Jacobs, born December 22, \%2^, living ( 1912), Altoona. 

William C. Jacobs 

In a personal note his pastor. Rev. J. Ellis Bell, the 
author of the following personal sketch, writes: "Your great 
uncle was a man of strong Christian character. I held him 
in high esteem. He was a firm friend of mine and helped 
me greatly in my commencement of this pastorate." 

The death of Wm, C. Jacobs, grandson of James 
Jacobs, the Revolutionary soldier, occurred at his residence, 
Altoona, Pa., July 16, 1894. He was born in Tuscarora 
Township. Juniata County, Pa., ( )ct. 4, 1815, so that at the 
time of his death he was in his seventy-ninth year. His boy- 
hood and youth were passed with his parents at various 
points in Mifflin, Huntingdon and Center Counties. When 
he reached manhood he removed to Hollidaysburg, where he 
lived for some years. In the spring of 1856 he removed to 
Altoona. Being an experienced molder, he was soon made 
assistant molder of the Pittsburg Railroad shops located in 
Altoona, which position he held until the spring of 1802, 
when failing health and the infirmities of age compelled him 
to resign. \o more substantial testimony to his high worth 
could have been given on the part of his employers than the 
continuing of his name on the pay roll and regularly sending 
in him his monthlv check until death, a favor which was as 


much appreciated by him as it was just and discriminating 
on the part of his employers. Brother Jacobs was twice 
married. His first wife was Miss Jane McCutcheon, a 
daughter of Robert McCutcheon, a Methodist local 
preacher, who was the mother of his children, and 
who passed away in 1881. He afterward married Miss 
Sarah G., daughter of Dr. Lemuel Snowden, at one time 
a practicing physician of McVeytown. She survives him. 
He was the father of five children, two of whom died young 
and three still live. These are Mrs. Virginia Miller, Mrs. 
Cynthia Worley, and Homer B., all of whom reside in Al- 
toona. He was a devoted husband and an indulgent and lov- 
ing father. Brother Jacobs was a lover of good books, and 
none was more highly prized or more faithfully used than 
the Bible and Clarke's Commentary. His hopes of heaven 
were built on a scriptural foundation. He was an ardent 
defender of the doctrines of Methodism. His religious life 
was experimental. He had passed out of the realm of un- 
certainty, and could say, "I know I am saved." His voice 
in the prayer meeting and love feast was one of power, be- 
cause he spoke of an indwelling Christ. He was a worker 
in the church for fifty-five years, and during that time hun- 
dreds of souls were converted. He was a class leader, a 
Sunday school superintendent, a steward, and in fact held 
all the offices within the gift of the church. Eighth Avenue 
Methodist Episcopal Church, of which he was a member, 
loses a pillar in his death, and the communitv is deprived of 
a citizen whose voice and influence were ever on the side of 
right. He has finihsed his work and entered upon his re- 
ward. The funeral services, in charge of his pastor, 
assisted by the Revs. William Moses, J. W. Olewine, and 
D. S. Monroe, D. D., were held in Eighth Avenue Church, 


after which the body was conveyed to Hollidaysburg, where 
interment was made in the family burying ground. Mr. 
Jacobs is an nncle of the Rev. Samuel Creightori. an honored 
member of Central Pennsylvania Conference, who spoke a 
few words bearing on the high esteem in which his uncle was 
held by himself as a man of sterling qualities and purity of 

James Jacobs at the Battle of Fort Washington 

Creat-grandfather of Mary J. Creighton Yeager 
of Yeagertown. Pa. 

Fort Washington, an important military post occupying 
the highest part of the island of Manhattan during the war 
of independence. It was on a promontory running into the 
Hudson river, about to miles from the southern point of 
the island, not far from the present 185th street After the 
battles of Long Island, Harlem and White Plains, Washing- 
ton retreated through Xew Jersey, leaving a considerable 
force in Fort Washington. Sir John Howe, the British 
commander undertook the capture of the fort, which was 
under command of Col. Magaw. Works were erected by 
the British near Harlem river, to play on the opposite works 
of the Americans, and, every preparation being made, the 
garrison were summoned to surrender, on pain of being put 
to the sword. Col. Magaw replied that he should defend the 
place to the last extremity. The next morning the royal army 
made four attacks. The first on the north side, was con- 
ducted by Gen. Knyphausen ; the second, on the east, by 
(an. Matthews, supported by Lord Cornwallis ; the third. 


by Lieut. Col. Stirling ; and the fourth by Lord Percy. Soon 
after daybreak, Nov. 16, 1776, the cannonading began, and 
continued with great fury on both sides until noon. The 
Hessians, under the command of Gen. Knyphausen then filed 
into two columns, one of which, led by Col. Rhalle, having 
ascended circuitously to the summit of the hill, penetrated 
through the advanced works of the Americans, and formed 
within a hundred yards of the covered way of the front. 
The other column climbed the hill in a direct line ; but in 
passing through a thick wood, suffered much by a well-di- 
rected fire from Col. Rawling's regiment of riflemen. The 
second division made good their landing and forced the 
Americans from their rocks and trees up a steep and rugged 
hill. The third division had to encounter a heavy fire pre- 
vious to their landing, and then to ascend a woody promon- 
tory of very uneven surface ; but though the post was obsti- 
nately defended, it was carried by Col. Stirling, who made 
200 prisoners. The last division, under Lord Percy, having 
surmounted incredible obstacles, carried the advanced works 
of the Americans. The P>ritish general, after these decisive 
advantages, again summoned Col. Magaw to surrender. 
The force of the assailants was too great to be resisted, the 
fort was too small to contain all the men, and the ammuni- 
tion was nearly exhausted. The garrison, therefore, con- 
sisting of about 2000 men surrendered as prisoners of war. 
Washington, surrounded by several of the officers, had 
been an anxious spectator of the battle from the opposite 
side of the Hudson. Much of it was hidden from him by 
intervening hills and forest ; but the roar of cannonry from 
the valley of Harlem river, the sharp and incessant report of 
rifles, and the smoke rising above the tree tops, told him of 
the spirit with which the assault was received at various 

T If 11 J A C O B S F A M I L Y 

points, and gave him for a time hope that the defense might 
be successful. The action about the lines to the south lay 
open to him. and could be distinctly seen through a tele- 
scope ; and nothing encouraged him more than the gallant 
style in which Cadwalader with an inferior force maintained 
his position. When he saw him, however, assailed in flank. 
the line broken, and his troops, overpowered by numbers, 
retreating to the fort, he gave up the game as lost. The 
worst sight of all was to behold his men cut down and 
bayoneted by the Hessians while begging quarter. Tt is said 
so completely to have overcome him that he wept "with the 
tenderness of a child." 

The sight of the American flag hauled down and the 
British flag waving in its place told Washington of the sur- 



The Scotch-Irish 

Hie famous Pennsylvania Line Regiment was made up 
almost wholly of Irishmen, whose conspicuous part in the 
struggle made Colonel Custis. the adopted son of Washing- 
ton, exclaim : "Let the shamrock be entwined with laurels of 
the Revolution, and truth and justice, guiding the pen of his- 
tory, inscribe upon the tablet of America's remembrance : — 
"Eternal Gratitude to Irishmen." 

—Rev. Madison C. Peters, D. D. 



Lemon Memoranda 

JOHN LEMON, great-grandfather of Mary J. Creiqh- 
ton Yeager, Yeagertown, was born in County Antrim, North 
Ireland, in 1 76 1 ; came to this country when a small boy, and 
enlisted in the Revolutionary War at the aqe of fourteen. 
His military record, furnished by War Department, was as 
follows : John Lemon enlisted as a private in Capt. John 
Harris's Company, in the Twelfth Pennsylvania Regiment, 
about September, 1775, and continued in the service until 
about the first day of January, 1783, when he was honor- 
ably discharged at Carlisle, Pa. He stated in his declaration 
that he participated in the battles of Trenton, Princeton, 
Springfield, Piscataway, Short Hills, Ash Swamp, Brandy- 
wine, Paoli, Germantown and Monmouth, and that he re- 
ceived seven different wounds, most of which were very 

A record in the Archives of Pennsylvania states that 
the greater portion of the 12th regiment was recruited upon 
the West Branch of the Susquehanna, and on the eighteenth 
of December left Sunbury in boats, for the battle-fields of 
Xew Jersey. Being composed of good riflemen and scouts, 
it was detailed on picket and skirmish duty. It was in 
Brigadier-General Thomas Conway's brigade. In the battle 
of Brandywine, the 12th was engaged under General Sulli- 
van at Birmingham Church and lost heavily. At German- 
town, Conway's brigade led the attack on the left wing of 
the British, being in front of the troops that composed the 
right wing of the American army, and the I2th was in the 
hottest of the fight, losing heavily. The 12th wintered with 


the rest of the army at Valley Forge and at Monmouth the 
remnant of it was nearly destroyed, as testified to in many 
of the statements made by the privates on file in the office 
of the Secretary of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. In 
this battle John Lemon was wounded in the head and left leg. 
In July, 1778. the 12th regiment, which had been reduced 
to a skeleton, was incorporated with the 3rd, and on Jan. 17, 
1781, the third was re-organized and after recruiting at 
Easton, accompanied Gen. Wayne upon the Southern cam- 
paign. That this man possessed the material of which he- 
roes are made, is evidenced by the fact that after being in 
ten battles of the Revolution, receiving seven wounds, en- 
during the hardships of Valley Forge and suffering untold 
privations, we find him in the autumn of 1793, again enlist- 
ing under "Mad Anthony Wayne" who was commanded by 
President Washington to quell the Indian troubles in the 
Northwest. John Lemon was one of the number who help- 
ed carry the logs to build the original Fort Wayne. A vivid 
description of the great march and Wayne's unprecedented 
victory over the Indians is given in Slack's "Story of Ohio": 
In 1790. the Red Men won a great victory over Gen. 
Harmer, near the site of Fort Wayne, and in the following 
year they inflicted a terrible defeat upon Gen. St. Clair near 
the head waters of the Wabash. They now tried to make 
a treatv which should exclude the white settlers from this 
region. It was a ghastly defeat. The face of every settler 
in ( )hio blanched at the news. Kentucky was thrown into 
excitement, and even western Pennsylvania nervously peti- 
tioned for protection. St. Clair was criticised and insulted. 
A committee of congress found him without blame ; but he 
had been defeated and no amount of reasoning could unlink 
his name from the tragedy of the dark November morning. 




Every effort was made to win over the Indians before mak- 
ing- another use of force. The government sent peace-mes- 
sengers into the northwest. In one manner or another near- 
ly every one of the messengers was murdered. The Indians 
who listened at all would hear of no terms of peace that did 
not promise the removal of the whites from the northern side 
of the Ohio. The British urged the tribes to make this ex- 
treme demand. Spain also sent mischief-makers into the 
camps of the exultant Red Men. More bloodshed became in- 
evitable and in execution of this last resort came one of the 
most popular of the Revolutionary chieftains — ''Mad An- 
thony" Wayne. 

Wayne led his army from Cincinnati, in October of 
1793. He advanced carefully in the path taken by St. Clair, 
found and buried the bones of St. Clair's six hundred lost; 
wintered at Greenville, and in the summer of 1 794, moved 
against the foe with strong reinforcements from Kentucky. 
After a preliminary skirmish between the Indians and the 
troops, Wavne. in accordance with his instructions, made a 
last offer of peace. The offer was evasively met and Wayne 
pushed on. On the morning of Wednesday, the 20th of 
August, 1794, the 'legion' came upon the united tribes of 
Indians, encamped upon the north bank of the Maumee, and 
there near the rapids of the Maumee, the Indians were 
forced to face the most alert and vigorous enemy they had 
vet encountered. The same daring tactics that had carried 
Stony Point and made Anthony Wayne historic, were here 
directed against the Indians' timber coverts. Encouraging 
and marshaling the Indians were painted Canadian white 
men, bearing British arms. Many of these fell in the heaps 
of dead and some were captured. When Wayne announces 
his victory, he declared that the Indian loss was greater than 


■' f 

k *' & 



^Ca "tiding 

; V/J 7 , ->' 




that incurred by the entire federal army in the war with 
Great Britain. Tims ended the Indian reign of terror. After 
destroying the Indian crops and possessions, in sight of the 
British fort. Wayne fell back to Greenville and there made 
the celebrated treaty, by which on Aug. 3, 1795, the Red 
Men came to a permanent peace with the Thirteen Fires. 
From Cincinnati to Campus Martius, Wayne's victory sent a 
thrill of relief, the treaty ceding to the Union two-thirds of 
the present State of Ohio, guaranteed the safety of all set- 
tlers who respected the Indians' rights and set in motion 
once more the machinery of immigration. 

John Lemon attended the funeral of his old commander. 
General Wayne, in December, 1796. 

John Lemon Wounded at the Battle of Monmouth 

The battle of Monmouth occurred on the 28th of June. 
1778; a fearfully hot day, evinced by the fact that fifty-nine 
of the British soldiers died of heat, without receiving a 
wound. Xear the old parsonage of the Freehold, Xew Jer- 
sey, church, the hottest of the fighting took place. 

After General Lee's retreat was checked by General 
Washington, in person, the latter formed a new line for his 
advanced troops, and put Lee again in command. General 
Washington then rode back to the main body, and formed it 
on an eminence, with a road in the rear and a morass in the 
front. The left was commanded by Lord Stirling, with a 
detachment of artillery ; Lafayette, with Wayne, was posted 
in the center, partly in an orchard, and partly sheltered by 
a barn ; General Greene was on the right, with his artillery, 
under General Knox, posted on commanding ground. Gcn- 




eral Lee maintained his advanced position as long as he 
could, himself coming off with his rear across a road, which 
traversed the morass in front of Stirling's troops. The 
British followed sharp, and, meeting with a warm reception, 
endeavored to turn the left flank, but were driven back. 
They then tried the right, but were met by General Greene's 
forces, and heavy discharges from Knox's artillerv, which 
not only checked them, but raked the whole length of the col- 
umns in front of the left wing. Then came a determined 
effort to break the center, maintained by General Wavne 
and the Pennsylvania regiments, and the Royal Grenadiers, 
the flower of the British army, were orderd to do it. They 
advanced several times, crossing a hedge row in front of the 
morass, and were driven back. Colonel Monckton, their 
commander, then made a speech to his men, (the troops at 
the parsonage and those in the orchard heard his ringing 
voice above the storm of the battle) and, forming the 
Grenadiers in solid column, advanced to the charge like 
troops on parade, the men marching with such precision 
that a ball from Comb's hill, enfilading a platoon, disarmed 
every man. 

Wavne ordered his men to reserve their fire, and the 
British came on in silence within a few rods, when Monrk- 
ton waved his sword above his head, and ordered his Gren- 
adiers to charge ; simultaneously, Wayne ordered his men to 
fire, and a terrible volley laid low the front ranks, and most 
of the officers. The colors were in advance, to the right, 
with the colonel, and they went down with him. Captain 
Wilson and his company, who were on the right of the first 
Pennsylvania, made a rush for the colors and the body of 
the colonel. The Grenadiers fought desperately, and a hand 
to hand struggle ensued, but the Pennsylvanians secured his 


Hon. John A. Lemon 




body and the colors. The Grenadiers gave way, the whole 
British army fell back to Lee's position in the morning, and 
decamped so quietly in the night that General Poor, who 
laid near them, with orders to recommence the battle in the 
morning, was not aware of their departure. 

C Nancy, born May 18, 1783; married 
Samuel Jacobs 

Jane, born July t8, 1799; married 
Thomas Wherry, who was born 
Aug. 16, 1789. 
Afterwards married Cochrane. 

Catharine, born August, 1792; mar- 
{ ried Broom; died Sept. II, 1868. 

John, married Elizabeth Jacobs, lived 
at Pennsylvania Furnace and was 
buried at Half Moon. 

Xeal, a soldier of the War of 1812, 
Grandfather of Senator and Audi- 
tor General John Lemon of Blair 
countv. Penna. 

born in 1761 ; 

Catharine Schreyer 

Taken from Morning Tribune, Tuesday, Sept. 17, 1895. 

His death at his home in Hollidaysburg yesterday afternoon 


His family was around his bedside when the last summons came and he 
passed peacefully away from time to eternity 

Hon. John A. Lemon, son of Samuel, son of Neal, son 
of John, the Revolutionary soldier. ex-Auditor General of 
the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, five times elected to 



the State Senate from the Blair-Cambria district, and an 
acknowledged leader in the State Councils of the Republican 
party, died at his Mansion home on Allegheny Street, Hol- 
lidaysburg, yesterday afternoon at i 40 o'clock, after an ill- 
ness of ten days' duration. 

Every member of his family was present at his death 
bed, and warm, devoted friends assembled at his home to 
witness with sorrow his life tide ebbing away. On Saturday 
and Sunday the watchers at his bedside thought that they 
saw some signs of improvement in his condition. But they 
had been hoping against hope and on Sunday night the heart 
action grew weaker and the complications indicated that the 
end was near. Yesterday morning his family prepared them- 
selves as best they could for the final summons which they 
knew must soon come. Conscious almost to the last, and 
able to recognize members of the family by the expression 
of his eyes, the patient could not speak. This was due to 
his extremely weak condition, and the difficulty with which 
he breathed. At 1 :_j.o P. M. he expired. 

The illness ending in the death of Senator Lemon dates 
from the time of the late State Republican Convention in 
Harrisburg. Col. Lemon was there, and he worked inces- 
santly in behalf of Senator Quay. The weather was very 
disagreeable, there being two days of rain. Senator Lemon, 
like everybody else, was obliged to subject himself to the ex- 
posure. His system was not in condition to stand it. He 
came home with a deep-seated cold, which rapidly developed 
into pleuro-pneumonia and later into typhoid-pneumonia 

Senator Lemon was undoubtedly the most popular pub- 
lic man of this section of the State, not only in his official ca- 
pacity but as a citizen and as a friend. He was a man of 
the people, never posed as a representative of the classes, but 
rather as a friend of the masses, and this happy faculty led 
his constituents throughout the district to bestow upon him 
the title of "Uncle John." 

The familv records seem to be deficient as to his age. 
Enough, however, has been learned to state that he was 
verging on his 69th year. He was born at the Summit, Cam- 
bria county. His father, Samuel Lemon, was one of the 
pioneer coal men in the State. The Senator owned to his 
(King day the old stone house at the Summit in which he 
was born. He fashioned it into a delightful summer retreat. 
where his family were wont to spend the heated season and 



where he entertained many prominent men of the State, who 
stopped at Cresson Springs. 

Fie was a self made man and received his education in 
the common schools of his native county. In early life he 
followed coal operating and railroad contracting. The 
"Lemon Vein" of coal for many years formed one of the 
richest yields of the mountain mines. 

He was a staunch Republican from boyhood. His first 
political office was that of burgess of Hollidaysburg, which 
office he filled from 1869 to 1872. In 1872, he was elected 
to the State Senate, and so acceptable were his services 
there, that he was returned in 1876. He gained great prom- 
inence in State politics, the result being that in 1880 he was 
nominated on the Republican ticket and elected Auditor Gen- 
eral of Pennsylvania. At the close of his term in this De- 
partment of the State Government, he made a close run for 
the Republican nomination for Congress in this district 
against Hon. Edward Scull, of Somerset. 

In 1888, his party again called him to the State Sen- 
ate and the majority at this election was the largest he ever 
received in the district when there was opposition. He was 
re-elected in 1892, and his opposition for yet another and 
6th term was only of a scattering nature. 

He belonged to the Masonic craft and was a life mem- 
ber of Juniata Lodge, No. 282, Free and Accepted Masons, 
of Hollidaysburg. He was also a director in the First Na- 
tional Bank of Hollidaysburg for many years. 

He was married to P>arbara, daughter of the late Nich- 
olas Walker, of Franklin township. Their union of felicity 
was made blessed by 7 children, viz : Charles, who is a civil 
engineer, located at Philipsburg, Centre County ; Olive, wife 
of Geo. M. Fulford, Esq., an attorney-at-law, of Clearfield, 
Pa., Misses Katharine and Margaret, young ladies, who were 
graduated from the Hollidaysburg High School last spring ; 
Jean Moore. Samuel and John. His surviving brother is 
Samuel Lemon, a prominent railroad contractor of Philadel- 
phia, who was unremitting in his attentions and care at his 
brother's bedside. 

The funeral will occur on Wednesday at 3 P. M. at the 
residence. The members of Juniata LodVe, No. 282, Free 
and Accepted Mason, will attend in a body. Interment will 
be made in the Presbyterian Cemetery. 


Uifniied -States Senate, 


January 11, 1912. 

Hon. James M. Y eager, 

Lewis town, Penna. 
Dear Yeager: 

I have yours of 8th instant and note contents 
of the same. 

I shall always recall with pleasure my plea- 
sant association with Senator Lemon, of Blair 
County, when he and I were oolleagues in the State 
Senate. He had a patriotic ancestry who we:r<e among 
the early settlers of this Commonwealth. He was 
himself a patriotic Pennsylvanian by inheritance 
and by nature, and his entire life was spent among 
our people. He filled high public stations for 
many years serving as an Aide on the Staff of 
Governor John W. Geary; as Chief Burgess of the 
town in which he resided; as State Senator, and 
as Auditor-General, the duties of which he dis- 
charged with fidelity and honesty. He ^was a loyal,, 
patriotic, honest, generous, open-handed man, 
highly regarded by the people of his own County, 
who worked faithfully for the interests of his 
District and of the State. His memory will always 
be cherished among his friends with cordial regard. 
Yours sincerely, 

/?~* 6L 




John A. Lemon 

On Wednesday, February 24, 1897, in the Senate Cham- 
ber at Harrisburg, Pa., addresses in memory of Hon. John 
A. Lemon, late a member of the Senate from the Thirty-fifth 
District were delivered by Senators Gobin, Crouse, Stites, 
McQuown, Osbourn, Kauffman, Stineman, Critchfield, Say- 
lor and Walton. 

The President pro tempore of the Senate, Senator, 
now Judge, McCarrell presided and prayer was offered by 
the Chaplain, Rev. William A. West, D". D. 

The memorial addresses were all most appropriate and 
eloquent and by vote of the Senate "fifteen hundred copies 
of the proceedings were printed and bound in cloth for 
the use of the Senate." 

Short Hills Celehrates 

First Exercises in Memory of Revolutionary Battle 
in Which John Lemon Participated 

Short Hills, X. J., June 25, 1907 — About a thousand 
persons attended this afternoon the exercises in commem- 
oration of the battle of Short Hills, which took place on 
June 25, 1777, during the Revolutionary War. This is the 
first time, it is said, that the battle has been celebrated, and 
today's commemoration was largely due to the efforts of the 
Rev. James T. Brown, of St. Rose of Lima Catholic Church. 

The exercises consisted of a flag raising and the dedi- 
cation of two pyramids of twenty-one shells each, given to 
the village by the War Department. Representative Eugene 
Kinkead, of Hudson county, brought the matter up in Con- 
gress at the instance of Father Brown. 

As a part of the commemoration the graduating exer- 
cises of the school connected with the Church of St. Rose of 
Lima were held A flagstaff had been erected on Short 
Hills avenue in front of the school, and on either side a 
pyramid of shells was placed. On the side of the school 
tablet was set. upon which is inscribed: "Short Hills, 1777. 
Washington's Headquarters. June 18, 1780." 




,,.„ . — a.. 

Wz.*$ # 



John B. Bunnell, cashier of the First National Bank of 
Millburn, whose grandfather was killed in a battle with the 
Hessians, at Union, raised the flag and dedicatory address 
was delivered by Professor James T. Mackey, of Jersey 
City. Father Brown addressed the graduates at the school. 
Music was furnished by a band from Jersey City. 

( George A., born July 10, 1816. 
THOMAS WHERRY j Ann Eliza, born Oct. 7, 1818. 

married J John, born July 5, 1821. 

JANE LEMON, j Nancy Jane! born March 31, 

daughter of John Lemon j 1827; married D. C. Mat- 
L ter. 

Ann Eliza Wherry, grand-daughter of John Lemon, 
was born Oct. 7, 1818: was married to George Andrew 
Green March 16th, 1837. 

To this union seven children were born, as follows : 

1. Jane Edith, born December 9th, 1837. 

2. ' Elizabeth Foresman, born June 26, 1839. 

3. Sarah Ann, born January 7, 1842. 

4. Alpheus Hinton, born December 14, 1844. 

5. Mary Gertrude, born October 15, 1848. 

6. Harriet King, born July 14, 1853. Harriet-King 
Green died in infancy and is buried at Churchhill Cemetery, 
near Reedsville, Pa. 

7. Harrie Nelson, born May 7, 1858. 

All these children were born in Mifflin County, Penna., 
except Harrie Nelson ; he was born in Atwater, Portage Co., 

George Andrew Green, died Aug. 15, 1892. Ann Eliza 
Green died Jan. 21. 1901. Both buried at Atwater, Portage 
Co., Ohio. They are survived by two children, six grand- 
children and five great-grandchildren. 

Tane Edith Green was married to Dr. T. A. Borton, 


Oct. 28, 1858. and resided in Plymouth. Ind. They had 
three daughters : 

t. Harriet Green 

2. Grace Wherry 

3. Maliel St. L. 

Jane Edith (Green) Borton died April 11, [S95, and is 
buried at Plymouth, Ind. 

Samuel Lemon Jean Moore Lemon 

Father and Mother of Hon. John A. Lemon 

Harriet Green Borton, daughter of Dr. T. A. and Jane 

Borton was married to (diaries Wilson Boyd, a lawyer by 

profession, and resides at Salt Lake City, Utah. They have 

had two sons: Harold Borton, the first horn, dying in in- 



fancy ; the second son, Frederick Artemus, has graduated 
from the High School at Salt Lake City, Utah, and is now a 
student at Culver Military School, in Marshall Co., Ind. 

Grace Wherry Borton was married to Dr. N. B. Aspin- 
all, in June, 1896; they had one infant daughter. They re- 
side at Plymouth, Ind. 

Mabel St. L. Borton was married to Ralph E. Beebe, and 
resides at Kansas City. Mo. They have had two sons and 
one daughter ; one son dying in infancy ; the other children 
are Stanley and Katherine ; both school children. 

2. Elizabeth Foresman Green was, married to John S. 
Hinman Sept. 15, 1859. They had three children : I. Emma 
Jane. 2. Frank Elder. 3 Charlie Green. 

Charlie Green Hinman died in infancy. 

Elizabeth Foresman (Green) Hinman died Jan. 4, t8 q 7, 
and is buried at Peoria, 111. 

Emma Jane Hinman was married to I. F. Luthy and 
resides at Albuquerque, New Mexico. They have one 
daughter and one son. 

Emma Estella, the daughter, has graduated from the 
High School at Albuquerque, and is a student at the Uni- 
versity of Albuquerque. 

Charles Frederick, the son, is a student at the High 

Frank Elder Hinman, son of John and Elizabeth Hin- 
man, was married to Miss Anna Carroll and resides at 
Peoria, 111. No children. 

3. Sarah Ann Green was married to Wiliam H. Vor- 
hees of Philadelphia, Oct. 31, 1872. 

4. Alpheus Hinton Green, followed in the footsteps of 
his illustrious ancestor and went to war before he was eigh- 
teen years old. He enlisted as private in Co. K, 115th O. 



Jane Wherry (Cochran) 

Daughter of John Lemon of Revolutionary lame. 
Died at Yeagertown, Pa. 

21 I 


V. I., August 15th, 1862. Appointed from Corp. to Sergt. 
June 1, 1865. Mustered out with Company June 22, 1865. 
After his return from the army he studied dentistry and was 
married to Miss Mary Baughman of Clark Co., 111.. Decem- 
her 24, 187 1. They had two children (George Allen and 
Xora Baughman). His wife died Feb. 16, 1877. He after- 
wards married Miss Rosanna Carl vie who survives him. He 
died April 28, 1893, and is buried at Portland. Oregon. 

His son, George Allen Green, died at Portland, Oregon. 
Sept 29, 1890, aged ij years. 

The daughter, Xora, that survives is a school teacher 
in the Portland, Oregon, schools. 

5. Mary Gertrude Green was married to General J. 
M. Aguirre of Central America. Gen. Aguirre died Dec. 
29, 1904. 

7. Harrie Nelson Green was married to Miss Lillian 
Xeal Monroe. Oct. 28, 1881. They had two children, Win- 
nie and Lela Monroe ; the first born died in infancy. 

Lillian Green, wife of Harrie Green died at Philadel- 
phia Sept. 11, 1890. 

Harrie Xelson Green died at Pueblo, Colorado, Sept. 
5, 1895, and is buried at Colorado Springs, Col. The sur- 
viving daughter, Lela, died at Sigourney, Keokuk Co., Iowa, 
March 17. 1891. 

Hughes Dedicates Arch 

Monument to Wayne's Victory at Stony Point 

Stonv Point, X T . Y., Oct. 2, 1907 — A monument to the 
victory of "Mad Anthony" Wayne, the Revolutionary gen 
eral, who led a successful attack against apparently hopeless 
odds on Stony Point, held by the British 130 years ago, was 



dedicated here today as one of the opening- affairs of the up- 
state Hudson-Fulton celebration. The monument, a me- 
morial arch built of rough stone, stands on an eminence of 
the rugged promontory where the battle took place. The 
site is now a state park. The arch is the gift of the Daugh- 
ters of the Revolution. 

Governor Hughes was the principal speaker today. He 
said in part : 

We celebrate today the madness that makes histories 
and empires; the madness that has given us the American 
Republic and will cause it to endure ; the madness that must 
permeate the American people and rescue them from the 
pitfalls of their overwhelming prosperity. 

( )n this spot occurred one of those rare exploits in 
which strategy and bravery reached their highest level of 
attainment. No finer exhibition of unflinching courage and 
of supreme devotion to the cause of liberty has been given 
to the world. In a materialistic age it might well seem mad- 
ness. It would indeed seem madness to a man who would 
exchange honor and loyalty and faith for gold. I hit it was 
no madness to Wayne. He made it simply the performance 
of a task assigned to him, and yet withal the expression of a 
fine individuality in an act of supreme courage which we 
honor because of its unconsciousness of self. It is the mad- 
ness that America must have if the nation would retain in 
their purity the institutions which "Mad Anthony" Wayne 
helped to found. 

We lose the meaning of occasions such as this if we 
regard them as the exclusive property of any one state or 
section or period. The whole nation is here today brought 
face to face again with its obligations and its privileges. 
As a nation we are trying to work out before the world the 
great new problems of institutions recognized equally before 
the law. Let us go forth resolved to win as Wayne won. 
effacing self and fearing not the odds against us. Let us 
go forth resolved that in our day and generation the fort- 
resses of avarice and selfishness and covetousness shall be 
taken and the nation realize to a larger degree the ideals of 
human brotherhood. 

Mrs. Zeb Mayhew, state regent of the Daughters of the 
Revolution, presented the memorial to the state on behalf 
of the society; Francis Whiting ITalsey, as a trustee of the 
American Scenic and Historic Preservation Society, cus- 
todians of the park, accepted the custody of the arch, and 


addresses were made by Mrs. Frank E. Fitz, president gen- 
eral of the Daughters of the Revolution, and Henry K. 
Bush-Brown, designer of the arch. 

After the ceremony Governor Hughes went to New 
York on a special train. 


T II /: // F F M A N F A M I L Y 

The Palatines 

These early German settlers on the Western continent 
were honest , laborious men, who had once been thriving 
burghers of Manheim and Heidelberg, or who had cultivated 
the vine on the banks of the Xeckar and the Rhine. Their 
ingenuity and their diligence could not fail to enrich anv land 
which should afford them an asylum. 

— Lord Macaulav. 



The Hoffman Family 

Among the earliest settlers of the Wieonisco Valley was 
John Peter Hoffman, great-grandfather of T. M. Yeager of 
Yeagertown, a native of Germany, born in 1709. With 
others of his family and friends he came to America in 1739, 
in the ship Robert and Alice, Captain Walter Goodman, ar- 
riving at Philadelphia in September of that vear. He first 
located in Perks Comity. During the early Indian troubles 
on the frontiers, he served some time as a soldier in the Pro- 
vincial forces. About the year 1750 he came to the end of 
Short Mountain in Lvkens Yallev, where he built a small 
log-house just across the road from the present residence of 
Daniel Romberger. Sixty years ago this was used as a 
blacksmith shop. John Peter Hoffman was the contem- 
porary of Andrew and John Lycans, Ludwig Shott, John 
Rewalt and others, and with them was driven off by the 
Indians in their marauds in 1756. It was subsequent to this 
period that he brought his family to the valley. Here he fol- 
lowed farming, and died in 1798 at the age of eighty-nine 
years. His remains, with those of his wife who had de- 
ceased previously, were interred in the field near the present 
house on the old farm, now owned by Mr. Romberger, before 
named. He left issue among others as follows : John, born 
1746, married Miss Kauffman ; John Nicholas, born 1749, 
married Margaret Harman ; Christian, born 1752, married 
Miss Deibler ; Catharine, married Andrew Reigle ; Parbara, 
married George Puffington, a soldier of the Revolution, and 
the head of the family of that name; Elizabeth, married 
Ludwig Sheetz, the head of a large family by that name. 


John Hoffman (John Peter), eldest son of John Peter 
Hoffman, was a native of Perks County, horn in 1746. He 
served in the war of the Revolution and commanded the 
Upper Paxtang company in its expedition up the West 
Pranch, in 1778, and participated in the Rattle of Muncy 
Hill. Pfe resided near Hoffman's Church, on the farm now- 
owned by George Willard. I le was a farmer, and served as 
justice of the peace from 1771 until 1 83 1, the year of his 
death, fie and his wife, a Miss Kauffman, are buried in 
Hoffman's Church graveyard. 

Children: Elizabeth, married John Hoffman; they re- 
sided on the farm now owned by Ceorge Rowe. 

Mary, married Joseph Xeagley. 

Magdalena, married Thomas Koppenheffer. lie was 
a captain in Col. Timothy Green's battalion and was at the 
Battles of Long Island, Trenton and Princeton. 

Catharine, married John Buffington. Mr. Buffington 
was county commissioner from 1822 to 1824. 

Barbara, born 1800, married John Specht. 

John, married Miss Deibler. 

Jacob, removed to Schuylkill Countv. 

Daniel, married Miss Snyder. 

John Nicholas EIoffman (John Peter) was born in 
Tnlpehocken Township, Berks County, in the year 174W. 
He settled on the farm now owned by Benjamin Rickert, 
near Short Mountain, lie was the owner of a large tract 
of land at present divided into a number of farms. I le dct^l- 
ed land to the congregation of Hoffman's Church, for 
church, school and burial purposes. He was a soldier of 
the Revolution and participated in the battles of Brandy- 
wine and Germantown. His life was an active, busy and 
useful one. He was married. April 22, 1772, by Pastor 


Kurtz of the Lutheran Church, to Margaret Harman, also 
a native of Berks County. 

Children : Catharine, born 1775, married Peter Shoffstall. 
They resided near Gratztown and died at advanced ages, 
leaving a large family. 

Susanna, married Levi Btiffington, a carpenter. He 
built the Hoffman Church. 

Sarah, married Jonathan Snyder. They removed to 
Stark County. Ohio, near Canton where they were both 
living about eight years ago, upwards of ninety years of age. 

Margaret, married Alexander Klinger, and removed 
to Crawford County. Pa. She died a few years ago at the 
age of ninety-eight 

Peter, born September 22, 1778, married Miss Lubold. 

Jacob, born 1782, married Catharine Ferree. 

Daniel, born 1784, married Hannah Ferree. 

Nicholas, born 1784, married 

John, born 1780, married 

George, born 1798, resides in Gratztown ; was appointed 
justice of the peace in 1834, and at present holds that office. 

Christian Hoffman (John Peter) resided on the old 
homestead at the end of Short Mountain. He died in 
Powell's Valley. He wat, a soldier of the Revolution, and an 
active citizen in the "Upper End." He married a Miss 
Deibler, sister of John's wife. 

Children : Anna Mary, married John Pres, and left a 
large family. They resided at Sand Spring, in the upper 
end of Powell's Valley. 

Susanna, married Philip Shott, and raised a numerous 

Catharine, married Jonathan Novinger. 

lohn B., born 1790, married Margaret Bowman. 

Jonas was a farmer, and resided at the foot of Peter's 
Mountain, where he died. 



Peter was a farmer, married and resided near Fisher- 
ville, where he died, leaving a large family. 

Christian was a farmer, resided near Snyder's mill. 
Lykens Valley. 

Daniel G., horn 1795, was a farmer and resided near 
Fisherville. Was a long time justice of the peace, and held 
other offices. 

Phillip, horn about 1800, was justice of the peace for 
Jefferson Township. 

John Hoffman (John. John Peter) resided near his 
father was a farmer, and held the office of justice of the 
peace until he received the appointment of steward of the 
county almshouse in 1824. a position he held until 1838. when 
he was elected register, serving until 1841. fie was mar- 
ried four times, his first wife being a Miss Deibler, sister to 
Laniel Deibler, Sr., and left a large family. 

Daniel Hoffman (John. John Peter) married Miss 
Snyder and had one son. Daniel, Jr., a distinguished civil en- 
gineer, residing in Philadelphia, John R., a son of the latter, 
also a civil engineer, in the employ of the Summit Branch 
Railroad and Coal Company, resides at Pottsville. Daniel 
Hoffman. Sr., died young in Lykens Valley, and his widow 
subsequently married John Hoke. 

Peter Hoffman (John Nicholas, John Peter) was born 
on the 22d of September. 1778. lie was a farmer, and own- 
ed the farm now in the occupancy of William Hawk; was 
a soldier of the War of 1812, and died in [864, aged eighty- 
six years. He married a Miss Lubold, sister of Frederick 
Lubold. They are both buried in the Hoffman Church 

Children: Daniel, married Miss Rissinger and removed 
to Crawford County, Pa., where his son Josiah now resides. 


Another son, Jonas, a carpenter, resides at Lykens. Daniel 
died a few years ago, aged seventy-three years. 

John Peter, was quite a politician, and died a few- 
years ago in Lykens, where his widow and children now re- 

John Peter, born 1806, married Elizabeth Umholtz, 
daughter of J. Philip Umholtz ; is a farmer residing near 
Short Mountain. Their son, Henry P., was an aid on the 
staff of Gov. Pollock with the rank of colonel, and repre- 
sented Dauphin County in the Legislature, sessions of 1806, 
1867 and 1869; resides at Harrisburg. Another son. John 
P., resides in Powell's Valley. 

Catharine, married Daniel Reigle. Mr. Reigle was 
county commissioner, 1852-54. 

Elizabeth, married Philip Reiser. Their son Daniel 
was a member of the Legislature, 1863-4. 

Hannah, married Samuel Thomas. 

Jacob Hoffman (John Nicholas, John Peter), born in 
1782, purchased his father's farm. He was a w ? ell-in formed 
farmer, and was exceedingly popular. He filled several 
local offices, and in 1834 served in the Legislature. He was 
quite prominent in the church, and a zealous Christian. He 
married Catharine Ferree. 

Children: Amos, born 1809, married Amanda, daughter 
of the late Gen. Thomas Harper ; was for a number of years 
steward of the almshouse and at present resides at Berrys- 
burg. At one time he had five sons in the Union army, Col. 
Thomas \Y., Capt. Jacob F., John H., Edwin A., and Henry. 

Jacob B., resides near Williamstown. 

Hannah, married John Romberger. 

Sarah, married Michael Forney. 

Catharine, married Abram Hess. 


Daniel Hoffman (John Nicholas, John Peter), was 
horn in 1784; was a farmer and served as a soldier in the 
War of 18 1 2. He died in 1830 at the age of forty-six years. 
He married Hannah Ferree. 

Children : David Ferree, was a merchant and justice of 
the peace. He died and is buried at Berrysburg. His son. 
Daniel C, became superintendent of a Kentucky and Ten- 
nessee railroad, and died of yellow fever in 1878, at Louis- 
ville, Ky. 

Jacob D., was a county commissioner and twice sheriff; 
resides at Harrisburg. 

Daniel, is a miner, and resides at Lykens. 

Joseph, resides at Hummelstown. 

Hannah, married Isaac I'hler. a miller. 

Elmira, married John S. Musser, who was county com- 
missioner, 1860-62; resides at Millersburg. 

Nicholas Hoffman (John Nicholas, John Peter), was 
horn in 1790; a farmer, and served in the War of 1812. He 
died in 1874, at the age of eighty-four. 

John Nicholas, was director of the poor; resides in 
Washington township, 

Isaac, was count}' commissioner. 1867-70. 

Sarah, married Sheaffer; their daughter 

married William 15. Meetch, present register of the county. 

lames, resides on the old homestead. 

fOHN I'). Hoffman (Christian, John Peter), horn in 
1790, was a blacksmith by trade; served in the War of 1812, 
in which he was promoted a lieutenant-colonel. He filled a 
number of responsible official positions, and died in 1875, 
aged eighty-five years. He married Margaret Bowman, and 
left a large family, most of whom reside in Tow ell's Valley. 


John B. Hoffman (John Nicholas, John Peter) born 
t 794, was a soldier in War of 181 2 ; and resided near Berrys- 
burg where he died. He left a large family. Several, 
George, Daniel and Henry married daughters of John Kat- 

What is remarkable in the foregoing record is the great 
age the heads of the different families reached, few dying 
under four score. Several who are yet living have passed 
that finger-board of time, and are as hale and hearty as 
many who have not passed their sixtieth birthday. Industry, 
sobriety and pure morals no doubt have produced this extra- 
ordinary general longevity. 

Captain John Peter Hoffman in 

French and Indian War 

. The French and Indian War, in which John Peter Hoff- 
man participated, was that part of the Seven Years War 
fought in America, and the last of the series of conflicts 
fought on this soil between France and Great Britain. Both 
the French and the English claimed control of that region 
west of the Alleghenies. 

The French nation, being in possession of Canada and 
Louisiana, attempted to confine the English to the Atlantic 
Coast district while they were preparing to occupy both the 
land of the Ohio basis and that surrounding the Great Lakes. 
No permanent settlement had been made in this territory by 
either country. The Governor of Virginia, having organ- 
ized a provincial force to protect the western frontier, this 
expedition set out on March 15, T754, which was the be- 
ginning of hostilities, and the first engagement of this war 


was fought a few weeks later, when General Washington 
attacked a French force near Jumonville. 

The year hefore the French had established Fort Du- 
quesne on the site of the present city of Pittsburg. When 
Washington met the French at Great Meadows he was re- 
pulsed and compelled to surrender "Fort Necessity" and re- 
turn to Virginia. "The firing of a gun in the woods of 
Xorth America," it has been said, "brought on a conflict 
which drenched Europe in blood." 

Tn T/55 an army of regulars under General Braddock, 
assisted by Washington and a detachment of Virginia 
troops, undertook an expedition for the capture of Fort 
Dnquesne, which the French had built at the junction of 
the Monongahela and Allegheny Rivers. A large body of 
Indians assisted the French, and the English commander, 
being unused to Indian warfare, and not being willing to 
take Washington's advice, was disastrously defeated, and he 
himself mortally wounded. Benjamin Franklin says of 
him : — 

"This general was. I think, a brave man, and might 
probably have made a good figure in some European war. 
But he had too much self-confidence, too high an opinion of 
the validity of regular troops, too mean a one of both Amer- 
icans and Indians." 

England did not formally declare war until May 18. 
1756. At first she met with nothing but reverses, but when 
William Pitt became the head of the British Ministry, he 
infused new life into the war, and one victory following an- 
other for the British arms, including the surrender of Que- 
bec, the abandonment by the French of Ticonderoga and 
rown Point, and the British capture of Fort Niagara, the 


war finally coming to an end on September 8, 1760, with the 
surrender of Montreal to General Amherst. 

By the treaty of Paris in 1763, closing the Seven Years' 
War, Canada became a part of the British Empire, and the 
French at last retired from the North American continent. 

Jacob D. Hoffman 

(Harrisburg Daily Telegraph, May 30, 1887) 

After a long illness from general debility Jacob D. Hoff- 
man. Esq., one of Dauphin county's best known citizens, 
died at seven o'clock this morning in his 75th year. Mr. 
Hoffman was born in Lykens township, Dauphin county, 
July 3d, 1812. 

He was a lineal descendant of John Peter Hoffman, a 
native of Germany, who, with others of his family and 
friends, came to America in 1739. His ancestor was among 
the soldiers of the Provincial army in the wars with the In- 
dians. In 1750 he came to the end of Short Mountain, in 
Lykens Valley, where he built a small house and where his 
descendants reside at this day. 

Mr. Hoffman was third in direct line from John Peter 
Hoffman, was born on the farm on which the latter settled, 
and on which, after the death of his father, he resided until 
1855. He was married to Eve, daughter of Adam Rom- 
berger, on May 19, 1836, who died September. 1876. They 
had four sons and five daughters, all of whom survive him, 
save the youngest son and oldest daughter. He followed 
the vocation of a farmer on the old homestead until 1850, 
when he took charge of the large Elder & Haldeman farm 
in the immediate vicinity, at the end of Short Mountain. 

In his early manhood he was elected and served in many 
of his native township offices with acceptability. In 1848 he 
was elected county commissioner for an unexpired term and 
in 1849 was re-elected for a full term of three years. In 
1854 he was elected sheriff; in 1866 he was again elected 

The education he received was at the township school, 
but added to a native talent, a keen, quick perception and a 
thorough knoweldge and judgment of men and events, it 


Jacob D. Hoffman 

a former Commissioner and High Sheriff of Dauphin County. Great- 
grandson of John Peter Hoffman. 



placed him at the front when matters of importance were 
to be transacted in the county, and until within the last three 
or four years he has been one of the most influential county 
leaders of the Republican party. 

Within the past two years he has failed rapidly in health, 
but through it all he kept his cheerful demeanor and happy 
disposition. He knew that he was going to die, and fre- 
quently spoke of death without a fear, referring to it as a 
welcome relief from pain and suffering. 

His death will be regretted in every portion of the comi- 
ty. Universally known, he was highly esteemed by all who 
knew him, and who will sympathize with his relatives over 
his demise. 

He was generous, kind-hearted and forgiving. No one 
in distress ever appealed to him in vain. His money and his 
time were always at the command of his friends, and dur- 
ing his life few had more or firmer friends than he. His fu- 
neral will take place at Millersburg, where Mrs. Hoffman 
lies buried, on Wednesday morning at 1 1 o'clock. There 
will be funeral services for friends in the city on Tuesday 
evening at 8 o'clock at the residence of his son-in-law, J. C. 
McAlarney, Escj., 216 North Second street. 

Isaac W. Hoffman 

Isaac W. Hoffman, fourth in direct line from John 
Peter Hoffman, was born in Lykens, now Washington town- 
ship, Dauphin county. Pa., March 5, 1837, and is a son of 
Jacob D. and Eve (Romberger) Hoffman. 

Isaac W. Hoffman received his primary education in 
the district schools. At sixteen or seventeen years of age 
he attended the Berrysburg Academy for one term, after 
which he was ureed by the school board to take one of the 
schools in his native township. This was in 1854, when the 
system of county superintendence first went into effect. Mr. 
Hoffman yielded to this request and taught a six months' 
term. After this he studied one term at the Harrisburg 
Academy in Cumberland county, and teaching the winter 
ship, spending the next term in study at the White Hall 
Acadamey in Cumberland county, and teaching the winter 
school at Stauffer's school house in Lower Paxton town- 
ship. The next summer found him at the Freeland Academy, 



Isaac W. Hoffman 



Montgomery county. Pa., after which he taught a regular 
term in the Berrysburg Academy, and in the following win- 
ter taught the regular term of the district school of that place. 
He spent the next summer at the State Normal School, Mil- 
lersville, Lancaster county, and in the following winter 
taught the Elder school, in Swatara township, Dauphin 

Mr. Hoffman now determined to try another branch of 
business, and accepted an agency for the Osborn Reaper 
and Mowing Machine Company, of New York, in which he 
was active for one season. In the following winter he did 
important service at Halifax, where he taught the borough 
high school, and was instrumental in establishing the grad- 
ing of the schools ; so fully was he appreciated that he was 
retained for two terms in the superintendency of the Halifax 
schools. On September 5, 1859, Mr. Hoffman received from 
the county superintendent a county certificate for profes- 
sional teaching. In 1861 he was appointed route agent in 
the United States railway mail service. This position he 
held until November 30, 1865, when he was appointed agent 
of the Northern Central Railway Company, at Millersburg, 
Pa., and later was made agent of the Pennsylvania Railroad 
Company at the same place, which position he satisfactorily 
filled until March 31, 1907, when he was retired on age 

Isaac W. Hoffman was married, November 6, 1866, to 
Sarah Frances, daughter or Dr. H. G. and Elizabeth Mar- 
tin. Their children are: Roscoe White, born September 5, 
1867; Jacob Odin, born August 5, 1869, married Elizabeth 
Crawford ; and Pauline, born December 4, 1871. Mrs. Sarah 
F. Hoffman died December 17, 1874, sincerely mourner' by 
her relatives and friends, and by all who knew her lovely 
character and unselfish life. She was a true Christian woman, 
conscientious in the discharge of duty, and doing good to 
all about her. Mr. Hoffman was married, the second time. 
November 6, 1879, to Mari n, daughter of Jacob E. and Cath- 
erine (Bollinger) Meek. Their children are: Dean Meek, 
born November it, 1880; Herbert Spencer, born January 
24, 1882; Margaret, born March 27, 1889. died December 
7, 1 89 1 ; Lois and Marie, twins, born June 26, 1893. 

Mr. Hoffman has served as director of the First Na- 
tional Bank of Millersburg, was one of the organizers of 
the Standard Axle Works, and the treasurer of that com- 


pany for a year ; he was also among- the organizers of the 
Millersburg Building Association, of which he served as 
secretary during the whole term of its existence. He holds 
a prominent place in the International Association of Ticket 
Agents, and is also active in fraternal organizations, being a 
member of Perseverance Lodge, No. 183. I. O. O. F., of 
Millersburg, of which he has been secretary for twenty-five 
years; Dauphin Encampment, No. 10, I. O. O. F., of Har- 
risburg; a member of Perseverance Lodge, No. 21, F. & A. 
M. ; Perseverance Chapter, No. 21, R. A. M. ; Pilgrim Com- 
mandery. No. 11, K. T. ; Llarrisburg Consistorv, 32 , S. P. 
R. S., of llarrisburg; Lulu Temple', A. A. O. N. M. S., of 
Philadelphia; Syrian Commandery, No. 133, A. & I. O. K. 
of M. of Millersburg. Mr. Hoffman is a Republican. He 
has served on the borough school board for twelve years, 
having been its secretary during all that time. He is a mem- 
ber of the Methodist Episcopal church. 



Woodside Memoranda 

Born Mar. 9, 1760. 
Died Sept. 11, 1835. 
A soldier of the Revolu- 

f James, 
Thomas, horn Dec. 23, 1787. 

died Jan. 8, 1872; married 

Mary Yeager. 
John Wm., horn June 8, 1799- 
Isaac, horn May 11, 1806; 

died Feb. 23, 1884. 
Mary Jane, married Simon 

Eleanor, horn Feb. 25, 1797; 

married Messnei . 

Ann. horn Aug. 12, 1801 ; 

married Sallada. 

Margaret, horn Sept. 9. 1803; 
^ married John Shott. 

married, in 1812. Mary 
Yeager, sister of Jacob 
Yeager of Yeagertown, 

(Jacob, born June 13, 1813 

died Nov. 2, 1852. 
Leah, born Mar. 23, 1816 

married Henry Straub. 
John, born Aug. 17, 1817. 
Catherine, born July 2j, 18 19 

married John Ditty. 
Joseph, bom Dec. II, 1821. 
Daniel, born Jan. 15, 1824 

died Mar. 6, 1893. 
Margaret, born Aug. 22, 1825 

married Jos. Schnee. 
Mary, born Feb. 13, 1828 

died Jan. 18, 1862; married 


Thomas J., born Dec. 29, 1829. 
Simon P., born May 8. 1835 ; 
t died Mar. 24, 1856. 



Ht»v. Thomas W. Woodside 

An ol'l photograph of the missionary to Africa 

23 \ 


Thomas A., born Dec. 21, 

1845; died Alar. 25, 1858. 
John C, born Dec. 1, 185 1. 
( )liver F.. born Oct. 11, 1855 ; 

died Jan. 29, 1883. 
D. Elmer E., born Nov. 16, 

[sabella Z , born July 9, 1865 ; 

died Sept. 10, 1865. 

f Adaline, born Jan. 29, 1844. 

Alary E.. born June 23. 1845. 
I Sarah, born May 8. 1849. 
«{ Aaron M., born Mar. 17, 185 1. 

Thomas W.. born Dec. 25, 
1852. Missionar\ in South 

Simon Salada, mentioned above, was four times elected 
to the Pennsylvania House of Representatives; in 1819, 
1820, 1836, and again in 1853, when he was in his 69th year. 
During his term in the legislature he was the author of 
what was generally known as the "Wiconisco Feeder Bill." 
He was the superintendent for the construction of the Wico- 
nisco Canal. Through this outlet the Lykens Valley coal 
fields were first developed. 

son of Thomas and Mary 
Yeager Woodside. 

of Thomas and Alary 
Yeager Woodside. 



SIDE, son of Thomas 
and Alary Yeager Wood- 

( vviuiam w., born Dec. 7, 

Josephine, born Apr. 24, 1863; 
J married Charles Strause. 
] Alary, born Jan. 19, 1866; 

married Robert Binning. 
1 Edith, born July 15, 1869; 
v married . 

The following quaint letter, written more than sixty 
vears a«o to Jacob Yeager, at Yeagertown, by his niece, 
Catharine Woodside Ditty, and her husband, John, is inter- 
esting on account of its sentiment as well as age : 

Elizabethville, Fa., November 15th, 1852, 
Dear Uncle Jacob : 

It has, with pain and sorrow, become our duty to in- 




form you that our brother, Jacob Woodside, is no more. You 
are probably aware that he received an injury in his side 
three years ago last summer, while erecting the bridge at 
l.ufhngton's and Hartman's Mills, from which he never 
was afterwards quite free, and every time he caught cold it 
would settle in that place and in the last of September or be- 
ginning of October, he caught a cold which again settled in 
his side, but was still about attending to his business. 
On Friday afternoon, the 29th of October, he and his wife 
were at Mattis' store, and when they came home he laid 
himself down and got worse and worse until Tuesday, the 
2nd of November, between 4 and 5 o'clock he breathed his 
last and was buried on Friday, the 4th, at Burlington's 
Church; another sad warning to us all that in "the midst of 
life we are in death", for he was just in his best days. 

His age was 39 years, 4 months, 20 days, and he might 
have been a useful man for many years yet to come, but an 
all wise Providence whose thoughts are not our thoughts 
saw fit to remove him from this world to another and I hope 
a better. 

All the rest of your friends and relatives are enjoying 
good health as far as we know. I hope these few lines may 
meet vou all enjoying good health and prospects. 

We send our best respects to Aunt and all of our 
cousins. The last we heard from you we were told you had 
the ague but we hope that has left you and that you are now 
restored again to good health. There is at present very 
little sickness about here. Xo more at present, but we re- 
main. Yours sincerely, 

John Ditty, Catherine Ditty. 

Thomas W. Woodside 

Rev. Thomas \Y. Woodside was born at Brookville. 
Ogle County, Illinois, December 25. 1852. His parents 
were John and Mary Ann Woodside. He was graduated 
from the Freeport, 111., High Schol and from the Naper- 
ville College. He entered the ministry of the United Evan- 
gelical Church. Married Miss Emma Dreisbach, Dec. 28, 


1882. Sailed as a missionary from Boston under the Amer- 
ican Board of Foreign Missions. June 2, 1888. Two chil- 
dren, Mabel and Frances, were born in this country and two 
Ruth and Milford, were born in Africa. The former two 
are graduates of Oberlin College. The father and mother 
have been in Africa twenty-five years and have visited the 
home-land but twice. 



The Country Church 

Tt stood among the chestnuts — its white spire 
And slender turrets pointing where man's heart should 
oftener turn. 

Heaven bless thee, lonely church. 

And daily may'st thou warn a pilgrim-band 

From toil, from cumbrance. and from strife to flee. 

And drink the waters of eternal life : 

Still in sweet fellowship with tree and skies, 

Friend both of earth and heaven devoutly stand 

To guide the living and to guard the dead. 

— Mrs. Sigourney. 




Organizers of Early Churches 
in Pennsylvania 

Richard Buffington, the First, was probably the first 
Englishman in the Province of Pennsylvania to make a be- 
quest to a religious organization. He assisted in organiz- 
ing a Baptist Society at Birmingham, Chester county, in 

Birmingham Meeting House 

rith which Richard Buffington, the First, was identified, and where 
the American forces formed at the Battle of the Brandywine. 

1715 and made in his will a small bequest to ( )wen Thomas. 
at that time minister of the Baptist Society and bequeathed 
it\ p< mnds to the church. 


St. John's Lutheran Church 

near Berrysburg, Pa., formerly Buffington Church 


The location of this church in its relation to the Brandy- 
wine battlefield may he seen by referring to the map of the 
"Battle of Brandywine" on pa'4'e 118. 

The Buffmgton church in the Lykens Valley, now St. 
John's Lutheran, near Berrvsburq:, Penna., is located in the 

Salem Evangelical Lutheran Church 

formerly Row's Church. Founded hy relatives of Catharine Row Yeager 
in 1773-4. 

very centre of the valley, in the northern part of Dauphin 
county, noted for its beauty and fertility. 

The Rev. J. Michael Enterline — pioneer missionary, 

great-grandfather of Rev. Wm. E. Yeager and Dr. Frank 

. Yeager, began his labors here in 1773, and organized 



this congregation in 1780. The present church edifice was 
dedicated November II, 1877. The present pastor, Rev. H. 
H. Krauss, refers to it in a recent letter as "Buffington's 
church, formerly," and Dr. W. H. Egle, the late State Li- 
brarian of Pennsylvania, says in his Notes and Queries that 
George Buffington lived near Buffington's Church, on the 

Row's Church was one of the first to be established, if 
not the first, in Pennsylvania west of the Susquehanna river. 
This church was founded by the ancestors of Catharina Row, 
who married John Yeager, July 1, 1788. 

W. K. Miller, Esq., now superintendent of the Sabbath 
school, says that this church was organized in 1774 and that 
the records have been remarkably well preserved from that 
date to the present time. It is now known as Salem Evan- 
gelical Lutheran Church. 

St. Vincent Reformed Church 

of Chester County, Pennsylvania 

A recent writer says : ''The location of this church is 
one of great natural beauty. One can catch glimpses of 
the counties of Delaware, Montgomery, Berks and Lancas- 
ter. There are but few congregations whose lines fall in 
pleasanter places." 

The first meeting for the purpose of securing a site 
for the location of this church was held at the home of 
Henry Yeager, Sr., November 15, 185 1. At another meet- 
ing a building committee was appointed consisting of John 
Ash, Henry Yeager, Sr., Peter Yeager, Sr., John Yeager, 
Sr., and George Yeager. This church was dedicated Sep- 
tember 4th, 1853. 



■i 1 1 


A new church edifice was dedicated September 4, 1890. 
The building committee consisted of the following: Abra- 
ham Taney, Christian Friday, Jesse Ash, Xathan Yeager, 
O. T. Tanev, W. H. Yeager, A. E. Yeager, Jones Yeager, 
Elmer T. Prizer. For this "cosy little citv church built in 
the country" much credit is given, we observe by the printed 
report of the Ladies 5 Mite Society and the Ladies' Financial 

The first Sunday school superintendent in 1853 was 
Davis Yeager and the present, E. T. Prizer. — ( Reformed 
Churches in Chester County.) 

Hoffman's Reformed Church 

Lykens Valley, Dauphin County. Pa. 

This church was organized according to the date of the 
oldest tombstone found in the grave yard adjoining, prior 
to the nineteenth century. The first house of worship was 
erected by Levi Buffington, whose wife was Susanna, a 
daughter of John Nicholas Hoffman. It is located about 
three miles southwest of the village of Gratz, and the Lykens 
\ alley, in which this house of worship is erected, is one that 
the aggressive Scotch-Irishman did not settle in, but from 
across the mountain in the direction of the rising of the sun 
came the sturdy German and Swiss Huguenot from out of 
the Tulpehocken settlement, and from the south across Berrys' 
[Mountain out of the valleys of Armstrong, Powell. Clarks, 
Paxtang and Lancaster county as now bounded. The 
earliest place of worship in this valley for these early pioneers 
was the shrine of St. David's, located about three miles 
northwest from the mouth of the Wiconisco creek. 

T H E C O U N T R V C H U R C H 

Hoffman's Church 

in Lykens Valley, founded l»y tli<> family of Barbara Hoffman, jirand- 
mother of J. M. Yeajjer. of Yeagertown. 



The ground upon which Hoffman's church was located 
was donated by John Nicholas Hoffman, son of John Peter 
Hoffman, (grandfather of Susannah Buffington Yeager), 
a native of Germany, who was born in the year 1709. He 
gave the land "for church, school and burial purposes." The 
present church house is a frame structure painted in an im- 
maculate white color, and the grave yard contains the re- 
mains of many of the first settlers in the end of Lykens Val- 
ley and their descendants. Many are, however, not marked 
with tombstones, which is to be regretted as they were en- 
listed in the companies that were formed in that valley which 
went to the forefront and engaged in doing valiant service 
against the incursions of the barbarous Red men and in the 
War of the Revolution. 

Andrew Yeager helped to organize St. David's German 
Reformed Church at Killinger and here his wife, Anna Bar- 
bara was buried in August, 1779. 

Anna Margaret Yeager was baptized by the minister 
of St. David's, September 29, 1774. 

John Yeager, grandfather of J. M. Yeager of Yeager- 
town. Pa., was confirmed here in 1782, at the age of sixteen. 

The Church of St. David 

Lykens Valley, Dauphin County, Pa. 

St. David's church, is located about 2^/2 miles N. E. of 
Millersburg, in a beautiful portion of Lykens Valley. Here 
are at this time built two large brick churches, occupied re- 
spectively by the Reformed and Lutheran congregations, 
with towering spires as if to outrival each other, and which 
stand sentinel-like at the end of the valley. The church at 
this place was originally called "The Church of the Wis- 
quen-es-que Creek, in Upper Packstone Township, Lancas- 
ter county. Pa., and was organized about 1770. It was a 
privilege to visit the place on a beautiful Good Friday some 
years ago and copy from the two graveyards the inscrip- 


tions upon the tombstones, which silently tell us the names 
of the early settlers of the "Upper End." In these grave- 
yards rest the remains of many who were soldiers in the 
Revolution, and here are probably buried more Revolution- 
ary soldiers in proportion to the population at that time than 

St. David's Reformed Church 

in the Lykens Valley, where Andrew Yeajjer and his wife Anna Barbara. 
John Yeager and his wife Catharine (Row) are buried. Great-grand- 
parents and grandparents of J. M. Yeager of Yeagertown. 

in any other burial ground in Dauphin County or in Penn- 
sylvania; nearly all were Germans or rather descendants of 
( H-nnaii ancestry, the exceptions being of Eluguenot extrac- 


No Money at Hamburg 

During the preparation of this volume a number of 
letters were received inquiring about a supposed fortune in 
Germany to which the descendants of one Benjamin Yeager 
residing in the United States were entitled. The sub-joined 
letter from the Consul-General at Hamburg and the accom- 
panying despatch to the Assistant-Secretary of State should 
convince the heirs of any Benjamin Yeager residing in this 
country that their fortune will not come via Hamburg. I 
know of no Benjamin Yeager among the earlv Yeager im- 

American Consular Service 

Hamburg, Germany, March 10, 1910. 
James Martin Yeager, Esq., 
United States Marshal, 
Scranton, Pa. 

Sir — Referring to your recent letter, without date, in 
regard to a persistent report that there is a large s:im of 
money on deposit in one of the banks of Hamburg for cer- 
tain Yeager heirs in the United States, and in which you 
request an authoritative statement on the subject, I beg to 
inform you that this supposed estate has been brought to 
my attention by a number of correspondents since my resi- 
dence in Hamburg, as it had also been brought to the atten- 
tion of several of my predecessors in years gone by. 

I have not, myself, made any official inquiry in regard 
to this matter as I am convinced from the records on file 
in this Consulate-General that it would be entirely useless to 
do so. I enclose herewith, for your information, a copy of 
a despatch written October 26, 1895, by W. Henry Rob- 
ertson, then Consul at Hamburg, stating that no such estate 
as you describe has any existence under the names of Yager, 
Jager or Jaeger. 


A' O M O N E Y A T H A M B U R G 

If I can be of any further assistance to yon in this mat- 
ter I am entirely at your disposition for the pnrpose named. 
I am. Sir. Your obedient servant. 

Your obedient servant, 

, Consul-General. 

Enclosure: Copy of despatch from Consul Robertson. 

Xo. 262 Hamburg, October 26th, 1895. 

11.. 11. Edwin F. Uhl, 

Assistant Secretary of State, 
Washington, D. C. 

Sir: — 1 have the honor to inform the Department that. 
during the last few weeks, I have received a number of let- 
ters from parties in various sections of the United States, 
making inquiry as to the existence and status of an estate 
which is supposed to exist in this city in favor of the heirs 
of one Benjamin Yager, who is alleged to have emigrated 
from Hamburg to the United States, and to have settled in 
Virginia, in 1700. With some of these letters have been 
transmitted newspaper clippings, referring to such an estate; 
and I would invite special attention to the enclosed reprinted 
notice of one A. Y. Yager, of Xo. 700 South Cherry St.. 
Xashville. Tennessee, in which the estate has been estimated 
at the handsome sum of $50,000,000.00 (fifty millions of dol- 
lars). Several of these circulars have reached me as en- 
closures, showing that the author bas been circulating them 
in tbe United States, with a view to interesting possible 
heirs in the matter, and also, perhaps, of having himself ap- 
pointed their general representative. 

I have deemed it proper, under the circumstances, to 
make a thorough investigation of the facts, and am now in 
possession of assurances from the proper officials of Ham- 
burg and from each of its banks, to the effect that no such 
estate as the one described exists, neither under the names 
Yager, Jager nor Jaeger. 

I would respectfully suggest that a brief notice of this 
fact be given to the press, in the interest of those who would 
probably thus be saved a waste of time, money and anxiety 
in the prosecution of their imaginary claims. 

I am, Sir. Your obedient servant, 





The compiler has delivered many addresses during the 
past few years on travel, religious, literary and political 

At the request of friends interested in this compilation 
extracts of a few of these public utterances are here pub- 
lished, gathered from daily papers which printed them 
when delivered. 



At Chaquimayo Camp on the headwaters of the 
Amazon, Eastern Peru, L905 



At Home and Abroad 

A Tropical Forest in Southern Peru Visited in May, 1905 

We have now come to the edge of the Montana or Great 
Peruvian Forest. Our mules, horses and llamas are aban- 
doned, left with Indians to await our return, for with no 
bridges ahead they cannot cross the San Gaban River. We 
cross and recross this river no less than six times in wooden 
triangles, curiously fastened, at the apex to a wire by a 
pulley. Once when about the middle of the river, whose fall 
was 250 feet per mile, the pulley refused to work, and we 
found our feet dangling in mid-air forty feet above the sur- 
face of the water. It was a memorable incident, and we 
realized that it was no place for gymnastics, and so we clung 
tightly to the sides of the triangle and kept "perfectly still" 
until the pesky invention for fording South American rivers 
got to working again. Bridges are in process of construc- 
tion to supersede this primitive mode of transportation. 

The desire to go where no other man has yet been is 
one of the unquenchable aspirations of the traveler. There 
are thousands of square miles of unexplored forest in Peru. 
Africa has been called the dark continent, but there are re- 
gions in South America, in Fastern Peru, which are just as 
mysterious and little known to civilized man. We were the 
first Americans to penetrate by this road these virgin for- 
ests, so that we are writing about territory which has been 
little seen by civilized man and has never been written about. 
We are now about to enter a primeval forest. You have 
often heard of it, but you must behold it to comprehend the 
reality. It is impossible to describe the eagerness with 
which we began our tramp. Incas had blazed a way for 
us a distance of ten miles through the seemingly impenetrable 
mass of tropical luxuriance. Rare and beautiful trees are 
ranked in heavy phalanxes, while between their branches, 
hung festoons of matted creepers, "hanging baskets," cov- 
ered with rare flowers, wrought so deftly and gracefully by 
nature's hand as to give the impression that some good 
housewife had suspended them and between the trunks there 
was a varying thickness of undergrowth according to the 
shade which the trees gave. We walked for miles along the 
narrow Indian trail. We knew that to digress from it meant 
that an American would be lost in the Andes or on the head- 



waters of the Amazon. With but one footpath leading to 
our destination we knew, too, that it would be impossible to 
get lost. Accordingly, we told our companions to push on 
if they desired and we would follow, and so we walked with 
staff in hand for several leagues alone. Once you have 
penetrated one of these great tropical forests — thousands 
of miles from home and native land — remote from the world 
— undisturbed by any human voice — an impression of mys- 
tery lays hold upon the mind and you can never quite divest 
yourself of its influence. 

It is an hour after sunrise in the month of May. As 
we pursue our way over this long drawn aisle, hewed out by 
Indians with their inevitable machetes, carpeted with 
mosses, arched with a network of rare old trees, through 
which daylight filtered occasionally, affording glimpses of a 
deep blue sky ; as we listened to birds of rare song and plum- 
age ; as we witness the great variety of life about us, veg- 
etable, insect, bird and animal ; as we see rain drops — for it 
had rained during the nieht — which hang from every leaf and 
flower and plant, transfigured by the magical rays of the 
growing day into diamonds and rubies and amethysts and 
saophires and all precious stones; when we see every stump 
and dead limb, and rock and grotto and glade and precipice, 
bespangled with delicate dowers of rich odor — with mosses 
and ferns and lilies and begonias and heliotrope — when we 
see groves of feathery bamboo and a little farther on orchids 
in such profusion that every tree looks like a veritable orchid- 
garden ; when we are spellbound at waterfalls and cascades 
which leap over the rocks, send their spray up into the air. 
plunge for a thousand feet and then go singing toward the 
great Father of Waters; when we behold a thousand trop- 
ical blossoms unknown to us and stroll along for hours in 
the midst of like fragrance and beauty and grandeur, we 
said: "This must be the home, the dwelling place of Aurora, 
the Goddess of Morn, and from her rosy fingers have come 
all these glories of earth and air and sky." 

Some day the world will awaken to the knowledge of 
the wonderful charms of this wonderful country, and Amer- 
icans, instead of leaving a hundred million dollars each year 
along the beaten paths of Europe will seek health and 
recreation in the beautiful land of the Incas on the South- 
ern hemisphere. 


The Y. M. C. A. 

As an Upbuilder in the Community 

Delivered on Sunday, March 4, 1906, in Lewistown 
Court House in behalf of the establishment of a Young 
Men's Christian Association, at Burnham, Penna. 

Sixty two years ago George Williams, a young man of 
23, organized some of his friends and companions in the city 
of London, into a Young Men's Christian Association. The 
idea then launched has girdled the globe. You will find the 
Y. M. C. A. in Japan, China, India, Austria, Italy, South 
Africa, Germany, France, Holland, Great Britain and South 
America. You will find it from the Hudson River to the 
Pacific coast, in Australia and the isles of the seas. This fact 
would indicate its universal adaptation to man's universal 
needs. It has gone to every civilized country, quickening 
the mental and social life, elevating individual and public 
character, promoting good cheer and good fellowship and 
contributing to the sum total of the world's best citizenship. 

We are gratified at the widespread interest in the estab- 
lishment of a Y. M. C. A. in our community because it stands 
for physical culture, the care of the body, and athletics. 
This association recognizes the intensity of our modern com- 
mercial and industrial life and believes in large draughts of 
fresh air, in a healthful and interested occupation of the 
four or five hours which every man has in the twenty-four, 
when the hours of working, eating and sleeping are deducted. 
It believes in recreations which are re-creations of body and 
mind. It believes in modern, manly, clean, fair and square 
athletics, both in-door and out-door, and in the traits and 
qualities which these develop — traits and qualities so much 
needed in the great game of life. 

The Y. M. C. A. furnishes reading rooms, a library, 
larger and better accommodations and rooms than can be 
found anywhere else, lectures which embody the ripest 
thoughts of the richest minds, stereopticon entertainments 
which reproduce scenes and cities from the whole round 
world, games without gambling, house pastimes, and field 
sports, concerts, musicales, and in many other ways widens 
the outlook, enlarges the vision, enriches the mind and up- 
lifts the life. 

All of these things are practically guaranteed in con- 



nection with the Burnham Association, by the splendid gift 
of the Standard Steel Works, and the cordial co-operation 
of the public — a response which amounts already to sub- 
scriptions of more than $5000. 

The interest of a community in benevolent, philan- 
thropic and educational enterprises is a true indicator of 
its progress and development. 

Judged by this standard our own community compares 
very favorably with that of any other in the state. While 
in some important movements we lag behind, our school 
and church buildings are superior and other improvements 
now on foot, soon to be realized, will make us feel that we 
are citizens of "no mean city." 

The Y. M. C. A. does not stand for sentimentalism in 
religion, or nambypambyism in morals, but for a strong. 
manly, vigorous, tolerant, broad gauge Christian system 
which is perfectly adapted to men of all ages, the world 
over, and to the throbbing life of a busy, industrial century. 

Let us give this new enterprise a lift. Let us give it 
our moral and financial support and in the very near future 
we will have in our midst a useful, tasteful and beautiful 
V. M. C. A. building which will benefit, physically, socially 
and morally, not only the present but the generations to 

Memorial Day 

Extracts of Memorial Day address to Col. Hillings 
Post, Xo. i/n. Grand Army of the Republic, May 30, 1912, 
as reported in The Daily Sentinel: 

The address was by United States Marshal J. M. Veager. 
lie began with a little anecdote of the civil war which ar- 
rested attention and disabused the minds of the audience 
that the address was going to he overserious or in any way 
depressing. Illustrations of heroism in other lands were 
given, but he said that there never had been a time since 
the Republic was born when the world found it necessary 
to go other where than here in America for the highest ex- 
amples of chivalry and patriotism. While he esteemed it a 
great honor to speak to these men who had made such great 
sacrifices for our common country, he was not there to ex- 



travagantly eulogize the veterans, for their eulogy was in 
the history of what the Union army did. They stood shoul- 
der to shoulder on many a battlefield that they might break 
the shackles from millions of bondmen. They swept the 
valley of the Shenandoah with Sheridan, marched with 
Sherman from Atlanta to the sea, planted the flag above the 
clouds at Lookout, shared with Grant the victory at Appo- 
mattox when he generously said : "Let them take their 
horses with them. They may need them for their crops." 

He considered the assault that was made fifty-one years 
ago upon the government of the United States a rebellion, 
and he wanted the sons and daughters of the veterans, the 
various patriotic and musical organizations present, and the 
Boy Scouts to believe with him that it was these men — 
veterans of the Grand Army who wear the little bronze but- 
ton — who fifty years ago "kept Old Glory in the sky and 
this mighty and majestic republic on the map of the world." 
this mighty and majestic republic on the map of the world." 

He told of Henry Ward Reecher going to England 
during the early days of the civil war for the purpose of 
changing sentiment there from the South to the North. 
Mr. Reecher faced a hostile audience at Liverpool for an 
hour before it would permit him to continue his speech. 
An auditor called out ironically, "Why don't you lick 'em ?" 
(referring to the South). "Because," said Mr. Reecher, 
promptly, "We are fighting Americans and not English- 

Members of the Grand Army of the Republic did not 
have an easy victory, for they were fighting Americans. 
Today they have memories of grim campaigns and hard- 
fought battles and of gallant comrades who were willing to 
give up everything dear on earth for the triumph of a 
great cause. 

He spoke of the American nation being the first to 
take Japan by the hand, the first to introduce China to the 
family of nations, the first to plant its flag on the walls of 
China's ancient capital, after the siege of Peking. It was 
the American nation through its chief executive which 
sowed the seeds of brotherliness, amity and peace between 
two belligerent powers a few years ago, and inaugurated an 
era of prosperity, development and fair play in the old East. 

This is the nation you veterans of the Grand Army pre- 
served for vour countrymen, humanity and posterity. We 
eat of vineyards that we planted not and drink of wells that 



A N D 


At Ground-breaking of Lewistown Silk Mill, May IK. 1909. The pres- 
enee of three thousand people indicated the public's interest in 
this new industry. 



we digged not. We are inheritors of your toils and sacri- 
fices. All honor to you and your comrades. Again and 
again we thank you. 

Oh, beautiful and grand. 
My own. my native land, 
Of thee I boast. 
Great giant of the West, 

The dearest and the best, 
Made up of all the rest, 

I love thee most. 

At Lewistown Hospital 

Extract of address delivered at the laying of the cor- 
ner-stone of Lewistown Hospital, 1906, by James M. Yea- 

Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen : 

In connection with this occasion to which we all re- 
ceived cordial, graceful and courteous invitations, through 
the public prints, from the Board of Trustees, there are just 
two or three thoughts which we would like to seize and en- 

On this corner stone before us you will see a Latin in- 
scription : "For the good of humanity." In my reading a 
few days ago I came across these words, which at once 
arrested my attention : 

"We must be here to work. 

And men who work can only work for men. 

And not to work in vain must comprehend humanity." 

This hospital will stand here for equal rights to all and 
for all. Its doors will be flung wide open to the unfortunate 
and the suffering, without regard to wealth or poverty, edu- 
cation, race, color, creed, sect or belief. Exclusion for relig- 
ious, moral or social reasons will be impossible. Its oper- 
ating pavilion, which will be one of the finest in the state, 
its drugs and chemicals, modern scientific appliances, its 
medical and surgical skill, its trained and experienced 
nurses — all will be at the disposal of those who seek them. 
Now a charitv, a philanthropy, an institution which is so 
humane, so generous, so universal in its aim and scope must 



and does appeal to every one. Consequently, men, women, 
and even children all over our county are taking a lively 
interest in the Hospital and are realizing that 

The soul that lives, is the soul that gives, 

And hearing another's load. 
Will lighten our own, and brighten the way. 

And shorten the homeward road. 

May we say a word concerning the Board of Trus- 
tees ? We can speak without any mental reservation or in- 
delicacy because we do not happen to belong to that body. 

The Hospital Board is composed of men of ripe exper- 
ience, wise courage, excellent judgment, and younger men 
who are less preoccupied, of activity and stirring enthus- 
iasm. They are giving thought, energy and much valuable 
time to this worthy and splendid project. They merit the 
sympathy, moral and financial support, and heartiest co- 
operation of all our citizens. Burke, the statesman, once said 
to his constituents: "Applaud us when we run, cheer us 
when we fall, comfort us when we recover, but above all 
things let us go on." This Hospital Board comes to the 
generous citizenship of this county and says today: "Let 
us, for the sake of the diseased, the disabled, the wounded 
and the unfortunate go on." 

The development of a state's charities is the best evi- 
dence, we believe of a state's civilization. 

The love which prompts a great commonwealth to ex- 
tend a merciful hand to the sick and wounded is a supreme 
and laudable exhibition of the state's christianization and 
civilization. Let us all do what we can. More will not be 
required. Less will not satisfy ourselves. If we do that 
we shall have here an institution that shall be worthy of 
our splendid county, a hospital that shall be an enduring 
honor to our great commonwealth and an incalculable bless- 
ing to the suffering and unfortunate for generations to 
c< mie. 

"Inasmuch," said the world's greatest Physician, "in- 
asmuch as ye have done it unto one of the least of these, my 
brethren, ye have done it unto me." 



An Address 

Delivered at the funeral services of Miss Mary Grace Ryder 

of Carmel, N. Y., October 30, 1901 : 

by Rev. James M. Yeager, D. D., 

Following prayer by Rev. F. T. Nelson, and Reading of the 

Scriptures by Rev. X. F. YanHorsen. 

Last Saturday as the sun was setting surrounded by 
gorgeous clouds of carmine and gray fringed with gold, 
when a deep peace lay upon the face of all nature, when 
scarcely a sound was to be heard save the murmur of fall- 
ing autumn leaves, w hen yonder quiet and beautiful lake re- 
flected — as it does today — the glories of earth and sky, our 
friend heard the summons of her Lord and entered the Val- 
ley of the Shadow and was lead on and on into the sweet 
and blessed country where there is no night, where no 
autumn winds strip the foliage from the trees, where no 
wintry blasts rob the fields of their verdure, where "ever- 
lasting spring abides and never-withering flowers," and 
where the river of life flows from the throne of God. 

Such, in symbol, is the revelation; but not half of that 
country's "bright glories to mortals has ever been told." 

Environment, education and religion never combined to 
produce in our community a richer character than that of 
the one who has passed on to join the glorious company 
of the immortals. Fine natural qualities — of mind, of heart 
and of voice — qualities which were diligently cultivated — a 
serene, hopeful and an amiable temperament, the loftiest ideals 
of conduct and of service, all combined to make one of the 
most charitably disposed, one of the most real, earnest, 
courageous lives it has been our privilege to know. 

The Latin proverb which has come down the centuries, 
"De mortuis nil nisi bonum" — "Let us not speak ill of the 
dead," is inapplicable today ; for after an acquaintance run- 
ning through a series of years with many mutual friends, I 
know of nothing in the record of this life but that which is 

We noted the heroism, the journeyings to the South- 
land to escape the rigors of our Northern winters, the noble 
and natural effort to delay the inevitable, to prolong life, the 
final return, the remark full of pathos and yet full of hope: 
"I have come home to stay" and we were reminded of Him 



who steadfastly set His face toward Jerusalem, "knowing 
the things that should befall Him there.'* and yet walked 
steadily, bravely, patiently, triumphantly on until at last 
looking up into His Father's face. He said: "Into Thy 
hands I commend my spirit." 

You friends of the earlier years, here, today ; you school- 
mates ; you who have been familiar with the patience, the 
faith, the cheerfulness, the unselfishness, the nobility of this 
womanly life ; you who feel most keenly the removal of one 
whom you so much valued, esteemed and admired; you will 
appreciate more and more with the passing vears, Words- 
worth's expression of mingled joy and sorrow in the "Inti- 
mations of Immortality": 

"The Rainbow comes and goes. 
And lovely is the Rose, 

The moon doth with delight 
Look round her when the heavens are hare. 

Waters on a starry night 
Are beautiful and fair: 

The sunshine is a glorious birth ; 
But yet 1 know, where'er I go, 

That there hath past away a glory from the earth." 

What Wordsworth sings everv heart has felt. Joy 
and sorrow intermingle in every great life. There is a uni- 
versal law that every human sold must know the pain as 
well as the bliss of living. The major and minor blend and 
alternate in all sweet harmony. Every great landscape has 
its depressions as well as its elevations. 

"There goes a universal weeping. 
Far as the silent stars are sweeping 
Through all the realm of nature, wide." 

When Dumas asked a celebrated poet: "What made 
von a poet?" the prompt reply was: "Suffering." Darwin 
said that he could not have accomplished so much work if 
he had not been an invalid. Tennyson's greatest poem. "In 
Memoriam," was inspired by his greatest grief. All the 
great characters in human history have tasted the bitter 
sweet of life. Christopher Columbus, David Livingstone, 
Charles George Cordon, Sir Walter Raleigh, Sir Walter 



Scott, William Cowper, Mrs. Browning, each knew by a 
personal experience the lights and shadows of human life. 
Anne Steel, who wrote one of the sweetest, noblest hymns 
in the English language, was a life-long invalid. Do you 
wonder that some one has asked : 

"Is it so, O God in heaven. 

That the mark of rank in nature is capacity for pain. 
And the anguish of the singer makes the sweetness of the 
strain ?" 

To these mysteries and questions the voice that spoke 
at Bethany speaks today saying: "I have yet many things 
to say unto you, but ye cannot bear them now." 


"Let us take to our hearts a lesson, no lesson can braver be — 
From the ways of the tapestry weavers on the other side 

of the sea. 
It is only when the weaver stops and the web is loosed and 

That he sees the real handiwork, that the marvellous skill 

is learned. 
Ah ! the sight of its delicate beauty ! How it pays him for 

all its cost ! 
Xo rarer, daintier work than this was ever done by the frost. 
1 he years of man are Nature's looms, let down from the 

place of the sun, 
Wherein we are weaving alway, till the mystic web is done. 
Ever blindly, but ever surely, each for himself his fate ; 
We see not yet how the right side looks ; we can only weave 

and wait." 

Glad and Grateful as we are today for a revelation that 
has "brought life and immortality to light" — painted them 
forever before the eye of the world — for a revelation that 
has "abolished death" by so changing our view of it, that 
it is no loneer extinction but transition ; no longer annihila- 
tion but exultation ; glad and grateful as we are for such a 
revelation, we say with reverence that we scarcely need it 
to be convinced that such a spirit as this was never created 
to stay here. With its hopes and aspirations, its deep sis- 



terlv affection, its visions of truth, its submission to the truth, 
its enthusiasm for right things, its abiding interest in all 
organizations and associations which have for their ob- 
ject the uplift of society and the betterment of the world; 
revelation is scarcely needed to convince us that a spirit 
with these qualities 

"Hath had elsewhere its setting. 

And cometh from afar 

From God, who is our home." 

To human thought this life closed all too soon. But 

"We live in deeds, not years. 
In thoughts, not breaths." 

To live in hearts made better by our presence is not to 
die, — 

"lie liveth long who liveth well. 

All else is being thing away; 
1 le liveth longest who can tell 

( )f true things truly done each day." 

That this was the view of life entertained by our friend 
is evident from the little brochure which 1 hold in my 
hand, and which was compiled by her several years ago. It 
consists of choice extracts from some of our choicest 
authors, and is entitled " A Day at a Time." I rind here a 
selection for each day of the month, and Phillips Brooks. 
Emerson, Ruskin, Drummond and other great thinkers of 
our time are represented in this little volume. 

For the sixth dav we find this selection: — "No one can 
be unhappy who is filled with interest in the happiness of 
others." We have expressed here the secret of her own 
happy life. 

For the seventeenth day : — "Service is the supreme 
luxury of existence." 

For the eighteenth day: — "Except ye turn and become 
as little children, ye shall in no wise enter into the kingdom 
of heaven." — Matt. 18:3 (Revised Version), 

For the twenty-ninth day: — "If you have but a day, a 
week, a month more to live, live that daw that week, that 



month, on a high plane. Resolve to pass out of life triumph- 
antly, 'full sailed still, and strong for other voyages in other 
seas.' " 

For the thirty-first, the last day, we have a selection 
that is full of pathos, and yet full of jubilant hope. It em- 
bodies, undoubtedly, her personal experience : 

"The truer life draws nigher 

Every year ; 
And its morning star climbs higher 

Every year ; 
And earth's hold on us grows slighter. 
And the heavy burden lighter. 
And the Dawn Tmmortal brighter, 

Every year." 

May He, whom she served and whom she loved, who 
knows the hard battles, the severe conflicts, the dusty high- 
ways, the lonely hearthstones in our human life, speak to 
our hearts and lives today, as He spoke to the weary and 
heavy laden in Galilee in the long ago: "Come unto me and 
I will ijive you rest." 

Dr. James Martin Yeager's Work at Drew Seminary 

At the recent commencement exercises of Drew Sem- 
inary for Young Women, at Carmel. N. Y., Dr. James M. 
Yeager, who has been president of that well-known institu- 
tion for the last seven years, tendered his resignation. Dur- 
ing Dr. Yeager's administration $25,000 has been expended 
in improvements, rooms have been refurnished, a new recita- 
tion hall has been erected, between fifty and sixty young 
women have been graduated, additions have been made to 
the equipments of the music and science departments, a 
cloud upon the title of the property has been removed, the 
chartered name of the school has been changed to comport 
with the character of the work done, the curriculum has been 
broadened, and claims which have been instituted against 
the city of New York, amounting to $10,000, are now await- 
ing action by the Commissioners of Award. 





The outlook for another year with more prosperous 
times is promising. The Board of Trustees, in appreciation 
of Dr. Yeager's valuable services, passed unanimously by 
rising vote last Wednesday the following resolution : 

The Board of Trustees of Drew Seminary for Young 
Women, at Carmel, N. Y., having been for months in re- 
ceipt of the resignation, as president, of Professor James 
M. Yeager, D. D., and having given the matter unwilling 
consideration for a length of time — on the urgent renewal 
of that resignation — do hereby reluctantly accept it, and di- 
rect that the accompanying expression of respect and regret 
be placed upon our minutes : 

Resolved, That we have recognized in Professor James 
M. Yeager, D. D., the retiring president of Drew Seminary 
for Young Women, a Christian gentleman and scholarly 
educator, capable, urbane and popular, who has merited our 
high esteem and kind regard. 

Resolved, That while deploring the financial situation 
which has influenced our friend to take the step which we 
all so sincerely regret, we extend to him the assurance of our 
best wishes for his success in any new sphere of labor and 
usefulness to which in the future he may providentiallv be 
led to devote his time, energies and talents. 


Peter A. Welch, President Xew York 

Samuel W. Bowne, Treasurer, New York 

Wm. Baldwin, Secretarv New York 

M. D'C. Crawford. D. D New York 

J. M. Kin?. D. D New York 

C. W. Millard, D. D New York 

T. P Reed, D. D Yonkers 

A. K. Sanford. D. D New York 

E. S. Tipple, Ph. D., D. D New York 

Albert Hovt Katonah 

R. W. Newhall Brooklyn 

Hon. John E. Andrus Yonkers 

John S. Huvler New York 

A. B. Whitlock Croton Falls 

W. H. Drew Brewsters 

Clayton Ryder Carmel 

E. T. Lovatt Tarrytown 

(N. Y. Tribune, June 20, 1899.") 



Creighton and Marion Yeap;er 

Grandson and granddaughter of Jeremiah M. and Mary J. Creighton 
Y eager, of Yeagertown. 


Some Yeagers who are in Business in Central 
and Eastern Pennsylvania 

Allentown Yeager Andrew L Florist 

Yeager Furniture Company 

Yeager L. H. Co. . . Metal Ware 

Altoona Yeager Harry A. . . Wall Paper 

Bellefonte Yeager H. C Shoes 

Yeager Mfg. Co. . . Swings, etc. 

Berwick. Columbia Co. ...Yeager Bros & Co., Electricians 

Chambersburg Yeager Howard .... Stationery 

Franklin Yeager R. L Groceries 

" Yeager & Canon .... Groceries 

Harrisburg Yeager. F. C Meat 

Hazleton Yeager James B. . . . Furniture 

Lancaster Yeager Ambrose, House painter 

" Yeager George, House painter 

Lewistown Yeager & Spanogle 

.... Flour, Feed, Grain, Etc. 

Norristown Yeager Harry C Florist 

" Yeager Win. R. Jr. . . . Florist 

Northumberland Yeager Bruce P. .. Electrician 

Philadelphia Yeager Charles A 

Wholesale Dry Goods 

" Yeager Miss E Millinery 

" Yeager Fred V. . . Stair builder 

" Yeager Gustav Baker 

" Yeager Jacob H., Jr., 

Retail Jewelry 

Yeager Joseph Tiles 

. Yeager Rubber Co 

Rubber Goods 

Yeager Charles A Prop. 



Pittsburg Yeager Frank Groceries 

Yeager J.J Baker 

Pittsburg-Allegheny, Pa.. .Yeager M. J Meat 

Reading Yeager C. A Groceries 

Yeager \Y. P>. . . Cornice works 

Scranton Yeager Arthur P>. . . Blacksmith 

Selinsgrove Yeager R. E. & Co 

Shoe Manufacturers 

Yeager Athletic Association 

Shar< hi Yeager C. H. & Co.. Dry Goods 

Sunbury Yeager B. F Druggist 

Wilkes-Barre Yeager Daniel . . Harness Maker 

Yeager Anthony . . Wall paper 

Yeager J. M 

. . . Wholesale Conf . & Cigars 

Yeager J. B. & Co 

Grain Shippers 

Yeager Joseph 

Dry Goids and Conf. 

Yeagertown Yeager T. M 

.... Flour, Coal and Lumber 

Yeager, J. O 

Yeagertown Water Power Co. 



Notes by the Way 

Joseph Buffington, born November 27, 1803, died Feb- 
ruary 3, 1872, President Judge for many years of the dis- 
trict composed of Westmoreland, Armstrong and Indiana 
counties, and Orr Bnffington, Esq., of Kittanning, Pa., are 
lineal descendants of Richard Buffington I, of Chester 

Benjamin Buffington, the first of the name who located 
in Lykens Valley, was an early settler there. He came to 
Dauphin, directly from Berks county, died in 18 14, and was 
buried in the graveyard at Short [Mountain by request. His 
sons were Eli, George, Levi and John. Eli settled near 
Gratz, where his grandson, Jeremiah, now resides. He mar- 
ried Elizabeth Kissinger and their sons were Abraham and 
John E. The latter was born 1799, died 1867; married Su- 
sanna Artz, and had sons Elias, Jeremiah and Daniel. The 
others sons of the elder Benjamin Buffington intermarried 
into the Hoffman family, lived to be old men, and had 
large familes. Jacob Buffington, Sr., born 1800, died 1878, 
was by occupation a mechanic, and one of the most expert 
hunters in his day. He married Mary Guntryman ; and his 
sons were Isaac, Jonas, Jacob, Emanuel and Levi. Solomon 
Buffington, born 1819, died Jan. 1, 1878, was a mechanic 
and farmer. He was a prominent member of the United 
Brethren church for many years, and took an active part 
during the War of the Rebellion. Two of his sons were in 
the Union Army. His wife was Margaret Matter, and their 
sons were Moses C., Edward and Uriah. — "Xotcs and 


A' O T R S BY T H E W A V 

Benjamin Buffington's second marriage was to Cath- 
arine Deibler and Eli, Levi and John are not mentioned in 
the Buffington chart because they were living at the time 
George recorded the decease of the other members of the 

William Jacob Yeager, bom in Yea^ertown. Nov. 7, 
[855. Educated in the public schools and at Dickinson 
Seminar}-, Williamsport. In his twenty-first year he entered 
the office of Win. Mann. Jr., & Co.. axe manufacturers, re- 
maining for a period of five years, lie then joined with his 
father-in-law and his brothers-in-law in the purchase and 
operation of the Reedsville Flour Mills and the Mount Rock 
Flour Mills at Lewistown, under the firm name of Spanogle 
& Yeager. This has become one of the best known firms in 
this part of the State, with head office at Lewistown and 
branch offices at Milroy, Reedsville and Altoona. There is 
a large export business as well as a large local consumption. 
William Jacob Yeager was one of the organizers of the 
Reedsville National Lank and has been a director since its 
incorporation. lie was chiefly instrumental in the organ- 
ization, and a director, of the Lewistown and Reedsville 
Water Company, which furnishes water, the equal in qual- 
ity to any in the State, to Milroy, Reedsville. I'.urnham, 
Yeagertown and Lewistown. lie is a director of the Penn- 
sylvania State Millers' Association, Pennsylvania State Mil- 
lers' Fire Insurance Company, the Pennsylvania Water 
Works Association, of the Belleville National Bank and the 
National Bank of Milroy and has been a trustee of the 
Reedsville Methodist Episcopal church. 


Jesse ( )rin Yeager was born in Yeagertown May II, 
1864. Educated in the public schools and at Dickinson 
Seminary, Williamsport. Tie was connected with his father, 
J. M. Yeager, in business, for many years and is now the pro- 
prietor of the J. M. Yeager Company at Yeagertown. He 
is a director of the Citizens National Rank in Lewistown, 
of the Lewistown Foundry and Machine Co., of the Lewis- 
town and Reedsville Water Co.. and the principal stock- 
holder in the Yeagertown Water Power Co. and a trustee of 
the Yeag-ertown Methodist Episcopal Church and of the 
Young Men's Christian Association at Burnham, Pa. 

The Hon. Henry W. Shoemaker of McElhattan and 
Xew York, president of the Altoona Tribune Company, has 
written several interesting books on "Pennsylvania Moun- 
tain Stories." 

Hon. Ellis Yeager (Jaeger) Myers of York, Penna., 
is distantly related to Dr. Gustav Yeager of Stuttgart, Ger- 
many, who traces his branch of the Yeager family back to 

Eritzi Scheff is the daughter of Dr. Yeager of Vienna. 

Miss Anna Jacobs of Huntingdon, Pa., and Miss Jessie 
McCartney of Altoona are great-great-granddaughters of 
James Jacobs and John Lemon. 

William Creighton, graduated at Trinity College, born 
and died at Dublin. His two sons. John and William Creigh- 
ton, moved to America. 



B Y 


W A Y 

John has issue, viz, 

f Wm. VV. Creighton, 
Lewis X. Creighton, 
James F. Creighton, Houston. 
{ John L. Creighton, Franklin, 
Geo. W. Crei«hton. Altoona, 
I Pa.. Gen. Supt. P. R. R 
I Company. 

D. C. Matter, 

Nancy Jane Wherry, 

granddaughter of John 

Lemon, who was horn 

March 31, 1827. 

f Jane. 

I Leuemma, 
1 Mary 
111. Homer. 
I Beulah, 
I Rohert. 
v. Lemon. 

Samuel H Sweigard f [da May, 

married | I I arris G., 

Sarah Xace, { Lilly E., 

great-great-granddaugh- j Gertrude I., 
ter of Andrew Yeager. I Dorothy D. 

Miss Mahel Allison of Yeagertown and Miss Hannah 
Bates of Iowa are great-great-granddaughters of the Revo- 
lutionary soldier, Andrew Yeager. 

George Jacobs, youngest 
son of James Jacobs, the 
Revolutionary Soldier, 
married Jane Given in 
1832. George was born 
in Juniata county March 
2, 1 80 1, died Jan. 17, 
1 881. Jane Given born 
Oct. 10, 1 8 10, died May 
18, 1875. Resided at 
Armstrong, Wayne 
county, Ohio. 

' Sarah 




^ Nancy 







N O T E S 

B Y 



George Row, killed by the , 
Indians near New Ber- 


lin. Buried 






' i Frederick 

Martin Row 


2 John 

3 Henry 

4 Elizabeth, 

son of 

married John / 
5 Deena, 

married Walter 

- 6 Mrs. Adam Mover 

' George 




son of 





I Polly 

' Jacob 


son of 


1 fenry 
. Daniel 


{ Elias 

Henry, Catharine 

son of \ Amelia 

Martin Harriet 


Geo. Washington Row, Sheriff of Snyder County in 
K y oi. was a lineal descendant of Martin Row, one of the 
founders of the Salem "Lutheran and Reformed" church. 
George Jacobs, Ward Jacobs, Misses Olive and Mildred 
Jacobs of Portland. Oregon, are great-grandchildren of 
James Jacobs, the Soldier of the Revolution. 




1 s' ^ 4 s - "'§> * : : €> ' N ^ ^ "I" l \ ^ 


^ j. ^ oppHK 




Page 32— Read Woodford for Woddford. 

Page 59 — Transpose in first column "Levi T." and 

Page 66 — For 1775 following Andrew in first column, 
read 1755. 

Page 73— "Died Oct. 11, 1878" should be in first col- 
umn only. 

Page 106 — For son of "William of Schoharie" read 

Page 114— "I860" should read 1680. 

Page 211 — Read Foreman for Foresman. 

Page 257 — Omit duplicate line. 

Pase 263 — Read exaltation for exultation. 

"In a work of this kind it is necessary to aim at entire 
accuracy, but it is folly to expect to attain it."